NSDL National Science Digital Library
Blake, Lewis
Created by Lewis Blake and David Smith for the Connected Curriculum Project, the purposes of this module are to experiment with matrix operations, espcially multiplication, inversion, and determinants, and to explore applications to solving systems of linear equations. In the process of studying these matrix operations, we will learn how to use a helper application to carry out matrix computations. This is one of a much larger set of learning modules hosted by Duke University.
Matrix-free application of Hamiltonian operators in Coifman wavelet bases
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Acevedo, Ramiro; Lombardini, Richard; Johnson, Bruce R.
2010-06-01
A means of evaluating the action of Hamiltonian operators on functions expanded in orthogonal compact support wavelet bases is developed, avoiding the direct construction and storage of operator matrices that complicate extension to coupled multidimensional quantum applications. Application of a potential energy operator is accomplished by simple multiplication of the two sets of expansion coefficients without any convolution. The errors of this coefficient product approximation are quantified and lead to use of particular generalized coiflet bases, derived here, that maximize the number of moment conditions satisfied by the scaling function. This is at the expense of the number of vanishing moments of the wavelet function (approximation order), which appears to be a disadvantage but is shown surmountable. In particular, application of the kinetic energy operator, which is accomplished through the use of one-dimensional (1D) [or at most two-dimensional (2D)] differentiation filters, then degrades in accuracy if the standard choice is made. However, it is determined that use of high-order finite-difference filters yields strongly reduced absolute errors. Eigensolvers that ordinarily use only matrix-vector multiplications, such as the Lanczos algorithm, can then be used with this more efficient procedure. Applications are made to anharmonic vibrational problems: a 1D Morse oscillator, a 2D model of proton transfer, and three-dimensional vibrations of nitrosyl chloride on a global potential energy surface.
LAB ASSIGNMENT -6 MATRIX OPERATIONS IN EXCEL
Clement, Prabhakar
1 LAB ASSIGNMENT -6 MATRIX OPERATIONS IN EXCEL 8.1 ARRAYS IN EXCEL: Excel uses arrays to store the arrays for matrix operations in Excel but this helps in keeping the spreadsheet organized and easy described above. Figure 8.2 Matrix addition using array math in excel In the above example, A and B are both
Chan, Garnet Kin-Lic; Van Voorhis, Troy
2005-05-22
We describe the theory and implementation of two extensions to the density-matrix renormalization-group (DMRG) algorithm in quantum chemistry: (i) to work with an underlying nonorthogonal one-particle basis (using a biorthogonal formulation) and (ii) to use non-Hermitian and complex operators and complex wave functions, which occur naturally in biorthogonal formulations. Using these developments, we carry out ground-state calculations on ethene, butadiene, and hexatriene, in a polarized atomic-orbital basis. The description of correlation in these systems using a localized nonorthogonal basis is improved over molecular-orbital DMRG calculations, and comparable to or better than coupled-cluster calculations, although we encountered numerical problems associated with non-Hermiticity. We believe that the non-Hermitian DMRG algorithm may further become useful in conjunction with other non-Hermitian Hamiltonians, for example, similarity-transformed coupled-cluster Hamiltonians. PMID:15945707
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Chan, Garnet Kin-Lic; Van Voorhis, Troy
2005-05-01
We describe the theory and implementation of two extensions to the density-matrix renormalization-group (DMRG) algorithm in quantum chemistry: (i) to work with an underlying nonorthogonal one-particle basis (using a biorthogonal formulation) and (ii) to use non-Hermitian and complex operators and complex wave functions, which occur naturally in biorthogonal formulations. Using these developments, we carry out ground-state calculations on ethene, butadiene, and hexatriene, in a polarized atomic-orbital basis. The description of correlation in these systems using a localized nonorthogonal basis is improved over molecular-orbital DMRG calculations, and comparable to or better than coupled-cluster calculations, although we encountered numerical problems associated with non-Hermiticity. We believe that the non-Hermitian DMRG algorithm may further become useful in conjunction with other non-Hermitian Hamiltonians, for example, similarity-transformed coupled-cluster Hamiltonians.
Learned fusion operators based on matrix completion
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Risko, Kelly K. D.; Hester, Charles F.
2011-05-01
The efficient and timely management of imagery captured in the battlefield requires methods capable of searching the voluminous databases and extracting highly symbolic concepts. When processing images, a semantic and definition gap exists between machine representations and the user's language. Based on matrix completion techniques, we present a fusion operator that fuses imagery and expert knowledge provided by user inputs during post analysis. Specifically, an information matrix is formed from imagery and a class map as labeled by an expert. From this matrix an image operator is derived for the extraction/prediction of information from future imagery. We will present results using this technique on single mode data.
Operational Models Matrix: Characteristics of Operational NWP Models
NSDL National Science Digital Library
COMET
2007-10-19
Operational Models Matrix: Characteristics of Operational NWP Models, part of the Numerical Weather Prediction Professional Development Series, contains information about the characteristics and architecture of commonly used operational models, their operationally significant strengths and weaknesses, and model assessment tools. The information is updated whenever significant model changes are made. The module is linked to the Impact of Model Numerics on Weather Depiction module (also in the NWP PDS), which provides background information about model components. The subject matter expert for this module is Dr. Ralph Petersen of the National Centers for Environmental Prediction, Environmental Modeling Center (NCEP/EMC).
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Doppler, Lionel; Carbajal-Henken, Cintia; Pelon, Jacques; Ravetta, François; Fischer, Jürgen
2014-09-01
1-D radiative transfer code Matrix-Operator Model (MOMO), has been extended from [0.2-3.65 ?m] the band to the whole [0.2-100 ?m] spectrum. MOMO can now be used for the computation of a full range of radiation budgets (shortwave and longwave). This extension to the longwave part of the electromagnetic radiation required to consider radiative transfer processes that are features of the thermal infrared: the spectroscopy of the water vapor self- and foreign-continuum of absorption at 12 ?m and the emission of radiation by gases, aerosol, clouds and surface. MOMO's spectroscopy module, Coefficient of Gas Absorption (CGASA), has been developed for computation of gas extinction coefficients, considering continua and spectral line absorptions. The spectral dependences of gas emission/absorption coefficients and of Planck's function are treated using a k-distribution. The emission of radiation is implemented in the adding-doubling process of the matrix operator method using Schwarzschild's approach in the radiative transfer equation (a pure absorbing/emitting medium, namely without scattering). Within the layer, the Planck-function is assumed to have an exponential dependence on the optical-depth. In this paper, validation tests are presented for clear air case studies: comparisons to the analytical solution of a monochromatic Schwarzschild's case without scattering show an error of less than 0.07% for a realistic atmosphere with an optical depth and a blackbody temperature that decrease linearly with altitude. Comparisons to radiative transfer code RTTOV are presented for simulations of top of atmosphere brightness temperature for channels of the space-borne instrument MODIS. Results show an agreement varying from 0.1 K to less than 1 K depending on the channel. Finally MOMO results are compared to CALIPSO Infrared Imager Radiometer (IIR) measurements for clear air cases. A good agreement was found between computed and observed radiance: biases are smaller than 0.5 K and Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) varies between 0.4 K and 0.6 K depending on the channel. The extension of the code allows the utilization of MOMO as forward model for remote sensing algorithms in the full range spectrum. Another application is full range radiation budget computations (heating rates or forcings).
Automation of Nested Matrix and Derivative Operations Robert Kalaba
Tesfatsion, Leigh
Automation of Nested Matrix and Derivative Operations Robert Kalaba Departments of Electrical of special functions a=x, b=y, c = ab, (4) a=log(c), z=a+d. #12;Automation of Matrix Derivative Operations
Metal Matrix Composites for Rocket Engine Applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
McDonald, Kathleen R.; Wooten, John R.
2000-01-01
This document is from a presentation about the applications of Metal Matrix Composites (MMC) in rocket engines. Both NASA and the Air Force have goals which would reduce the costs and the weight of launching spacecraft. Charts show the engine weight distribution for both reuseable and expendable engine components. The presentation reviews the operating requirements for several components of the rocket engines. The next slide reviews the potential benefits of MMCs in general and in use as materials for Advanced Pressure Casting. The next slide reviews the drawbacks of MMCs. The reusable turbopump housing is selected to review for potential MMC application. The presentation reviews solutions for reusable turbopump materials, pointing out some of the issues. It also reviews the development of some of the materials.
Modulation and control of matrix converter for aerospace application
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kobravi, Keyhan
In the context of modern aircraft systems, a major challenge is power conversion to supply the aircraft's electrical instruments. These instruments are energized through a fixed-frequency internal power grid. In an aircraft, the available sources of energy are a set of variable-speed generators which provide variable-frequency ac voltages. Therefore, to energize the internal power grid of an aircraft, the variable-frequency ac voltages should be converted to a fixed-frequency ac voltage. As a result, an ac to ac power conversion is required within an aircraft's power system. This thesis develops a Matrix Converter to energize the aircraft's internal power grid. The Matrix Converter provides a direct ac to ac power conversion. A major challenge of designing Matrix Converters for aerospace applications is to minimize the volume and weight of the converter. These parameters are minimized by increasing the switching frequency of the converter. To design a Matrix Converter operating at a high switching frequency, this thesis (i) develops a scheme to integrate fast semiconductor switches within the current available Matrix Converter topologies, i.e., MOSFET-based Matrix Converter, and (ii) develops a new modulation strategy for the Matrix Converter. This Matrix Converter and the new modulation strategy enables the operation of the converter at a switching-frequency of 40kHz. To provide a reliable source of energy, this thesis also develops a new methodology for robust control of Matrix Converter. To verify the performance of the proposed MOSFET-based Matrix Converter, modulation strategy, and control design methodology, various simulation and experimental results are presented. The experimental results are obtained under operating condition present in an aircraft. The experimental results verify the proposed Matrix Converter provides a reliable power conversion in an aircraft under extreme operating conditions. The results prove the superiority of the proposed Matrix Converter technology for ac to ac power conversion regarding the existing technologies of Matrix Converters.
An Efficient Matrix Product Operator Representation of the Quantum-Chemical Hamiltonian
Keller, Sebastian; Troyer, Matthias; Reiher, Markus
2015-01-01
We describe how to efficiently construct the quantum chemical Hamiltonian operator in matrix product form. We present its implementation as a density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) algorithm for quantum chemical applications in a purely matrix product based framework. Existing implementations of DMRG for quantum chemistry are based on the traditional formulation of the method, which was developed from a viewpoint of Hilbert space decimation and attained a higher performance compared to straightforward implementations of matrix product based DMRG. The latter variationally optimizes a class of ansatz states known as matrix product states (MPS), where operators are correspondingly represented as matrix product operators (MPO). The MPO construction scheme presented here eliminates the previous performance disadvantages while retaining the additional flexibility provided by a matrix product approach; for example, the specification of expectation values becomes an input parameter. In this way, MPOs for differe...
Quasi exactly solvable NxN-Matrix Schroedinger operators
Brihaye, Y; Brihaye, Yves; Hartmann, Betti
2001-01-01
New examples of matrix quasi exactly solvable Schroedinger operators are constructed. One of them constitutes a NxN-matrix generalization of the quasi exactly solvable anharmonic oscillator, the corresponding invariant vector space is constructed explicitely. Also investigated are matrix generalizations of the Lame equation.
Coulomb-Sturmian matrix elements of the Coulomb Green's operator
Demir, F.; Hlousek, Z. T.; Papp, Z.
2006-07-15
The two-body Coulomb Hamiltonian, when calculated in Coulomb-Sturmian basis, has an infinite symmetric tridiagonal--i.e., Jacobi-matrix form. This Jacobi-matrix structure involves a continued-fraction representation for the inverse of the Green's matrix. The continued fraction can be transformed to a ratio of two {sub 2}F{sub 1} hypergeometric functions. From this result we find an exact analytic formula for the matrix elements of the Green's operator of the Coulomb Hamiltonian.
Algorithm-Architecture Codesign for Structured Matrix Operations on
Pitsianis, Nikos P.
Algorithm-Architecture Codesign for Structured Matrix Operations on Reconfigurable Systems J. Kim;#12;Algorithm-Architecture Codesign for Structured Matrix Operations on Reconfigurable Systems J. Kim, P 14, 2006 Abstract This article introduces the new ideas and techniques of algorithm-architecture
Matrix Representation of Symmetry Operators in Elementary Crystallography
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Cody, R. D.
1972-01-01
Presents the derivation of rotation and reflection matrix representation of symmetry operators as used in the initial discussion of crystal symmetry in elementary mineralogy at Iowa State University. Includes references and an appended list of matrix representations of the important crystallographic symmetry operators, excluding the trigonal and…
Green's Matrix for a Second Order Self-Adjoint Matrix Differential Operator
Tahsin Cagri Sisman; Bayram Tekin
2009-08-03
A systematic construction of the Green's matrix for a second order, self-adjoint matrix differential operator from the linearly independent solutions of the corresponding homogeneous differential equation set is carried out. We follow the general approach of extracting the Green's matrix from the Green's matrix of the corresponding first order system. This construction is required in the cases where the differential equation set cannot be turned to an algebraic equation set via transform techniques.
Phase matrix induced symmetrics for multiple scattering using the matrix operator method
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Hitzfelder, S. J.; Kattawar, G. W.
1973-01-01
Entirely rigorous proofs of the symmetries induced by the phase matrix into the reflection and transmission operators used in the matrix operator theory are given. Results are obtained for multiple scattering in both homogeneous and inhomogeneous atmospheres. These results will be useful to researchers using the method since large savings in computer time and storage are obtainable.
Application of Fuzzy Logic to Matrix FMECA
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Shankar, N. Ravi; Prabhu, B. S.
2001-04-01
A methodology combining the benefits of Fuzzy Logic and Matrix FMEA is presented in this paper. The presented methodology extends the risk prioritization beyond the conventional Risk Priority Number (RPN) method. Fuzzy logic is used to calculate the criticality rank. Also the matrix approach is improved further to develop a pictorial representation retaining all relevant qualitative and quantitative information of several FMEA elements relationships. The methodology presented is demonstrated by application to an illustrative example.
Therapeutic Applications of Extracellular Matrix
Hocking, Denise C.
2015-01-01
Chronic and hard-to-heal wounds are a tremendous burden on our healthcare system and impair the quality of life for millions of people. An emerging focus of regenerative medicine is the development of natural biomaterials that can stimulate tissue formation or repair by recreating the functional and structural properties of proteins and polysaccharides found within the extracellular matrix (ECM). Promising new developments include the fabrication of novel ECM-based biologics to selectively deliver drugs or growth factors to wounds; new classes of bioactive tissue sealants, scaffolds, and hydrogels; as well as inductive wound dressings derived from decellularized tissues. The advances highlighted in this forum issue provide an exciting glimpse into the growing potential of ECM-based wound therapeutics. PMID:26244100
Minimizing Operations in Matrix/Vector Multiplication
Wolf, Michael M.
the number of multiply add pairs (MAPs) in matrix/vector multiplication e.g. #12;4 Possible Optimizations Â 0;7 Possible Optimizations Â 3 NZ Rows 1 0 1 11 4 44 4 2 22 0 10 1 3 MAPs #12;8 Possible Optimizations - Same 11 4 44 4 1 11 0 10 1 #12;10 Possible Optimizations Â Partial Scalar Multiple Rows 2 MAPs 1 0 1 11 4
LANDFILL OPERATOR APPLICATION FOR RECERTIFICATION
Arnold, Jonathan
LANDFILL OPERATOR APPLICATION FOR RECERTIFICATION Name of Certified Operator: Certification No related to landfill operation each five (5) year period following original date of certification Chapter of SWANA. Recertification may also be satisfied by retaking the Landfill Operator Certification
Spatial operator factorization and inversion of the manipulator mass matrix
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Rodriguez, Guillermo; Kreutz-Delgado, Kenneth
1992-01-01
This paper advances two linear operator factorizations of the manipulator mass matrix. Embedded in the factorizations are many of the techniques that are regarded as very efficient computational solutions to inverse and forward dynamics problems. The operator factorizations provide a high-level architectural understanding of the mass matrix and its inverse, which is not visible in the detailed algorithms. They also lead to a new approach to the development of computer programs or organize complexity in robot dynamics.
Metal Matrix Composite Materials for Aerospace Applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Bhat, Biliyar N.; Jones, C. S. (Technical Monitor)
2001-01-01
Metal matrix composites (MMC) are attractive materials for aerospace applications because of their high specific strength, high specific stiffness, and lower thermal expansion coefficient. They are affordable since complex parts can be produced by low cost casting process. As a result there are many commercial and Department of Defense applications of MMCs today. This seminar will give an overview of MMCs and their state-of-the-art technology assessment. Topics to be covered are types of MMCs, fabrication methods, product forms, applications, and material selection issues for design and manufacture. Some examples of current and future aerospace applications will also be presented and discussed.
ESTIMATING SPARSE INVERSE COVARIANCE MATRIX FOR BRAIN COMPUTER INTERFACE APPLICATIONS
Anderson, Charles W.
THESIS ESTIMATING SPARSE INVERSE COVARIANCE MATRIX FOR BRAIN COMPUTER INTERFACE APPLICATIONS COVARIANCE MATRIX FOR BRAIN COMPUTER INTERFACE APPLICATIONS In this project we present a brain-computer INVERSE COVARIANCE MATRIX FOR BRAIN COMPUTER INTER- FACE APPLICATIONS BE ACCEPTED AS FULFILLING IN PART
Matrix Operator Theory of Radiative Transfer 1: Rayleigh Scattering
Gilbert N. Plass; George W. Kattawar; Frances E. Catchings
1973-01-01
An entirely rigorous method for the solution of the equations for radiative transfer based on the matrix operator theory is reviewed. The advantages of the present method are: (1) all orders of the reflection and transmission matrices are calculated at once; (2) layers of any thickness may be combined, so that a realistic model of the atmosphere can be developed
Nilpotent Matrix Representation of Exterior Derivative Operator in Noncommutative Geometry
Masaki J. S. Yang
2015-08-27
In this letter, we show a nilpotent matrix representation of the exterior derivative operator in noncommutative geometry (NCG), by translating the noncommutative relations of the algebraic formalization into the original one. As a result, we can construct the extended gauge theory without complicated algebraic rules nor excessively large differential algebra and non-monomorphic representation.
Key Issues for Aerospace Applications of Ceramic Matrix Composites
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Clinton, R. G., Jr.; Levine, S. R.
1998-01-01
Ceramic matrix composites (CMC) offer significant advantages for future aerospace applications including turbine engine and liquid rocket engine components, thermal protection systems, and "hot structures". Key characteristics which establish ceramic matrix composites as attractive and often enabling choices are strength retention at high temperatures and reduced weight relative to currently used metallics. However, due to the immaturity of this class of materials which is further compounded by the lack of experience with CMC's in the aerospace industry, there are significant challenges involved in the development and implementation of ceramic matrix composites into aerospace systems. Some of the more critical challenges are attachment and load transfer methodologies; manufacturing techniques, particularly scale up to large and thick section components; operational environment resistance; damage tolerance; durability; repair techniques; reproducibility; database availability; and the lack of validated design and analysis tools. The presentation will examine the technical issues confronting the application of ceramic matrix composites to aerospace systems and identify the key material systems having potential for substantial payoff relative to the primary requirements of light weight and reduced cost for future systems. Current programs and future research opportunities will be described in the presentation which will focus on materials and processes issues.
Matrix product operators and states: NP-hardness and undecidability
M. Kliesch; D. Gross; J. Eisert
2014-11-26
Tensor network states constitute an important variational set of quantum states for numerical studies of strongly correlated systems in condensed-matter physics, as well as in mathematical physics. This is specifically true for finitely correlated states or matrix-product operators, designed to capture mixed states of one-dimensional quantum systems. It is a well-known open problem to find an efficient algorithm that decides whether a given matrix-product operator actually represents a physical state that in particular has no negative eigenvalues. We address and answer this question by showing that the problem is provably undecidable in the thermodynamic limit and that the bounded version of the problem is NP-hard in the system size. Furthermore, we discuss numerous connections between tensor network methods and (seemingly) different concepts treated before in the literature, such as hidden Markov models and tensor trains.
On integrable matrix product operators with bond dimension D = 4
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Katsura, Hosho
2015-01-01
We construct and study a two-parameter family of matrix product operators of bond dimension D = 4. The operators M(x, y) act on ({\\Bbb{C}}_2)\\otimes N , i.e. the space of states of a spin-1/2 chain of length N. For the particular values of the parameters: x = 1/3 and y=1/\\sqrt{3} , the operator turns out to be proportional to the square root of the reduced density matrix of the valence-bond-solid state on a hexagonal ladder. We show that M(x, y) has several interesting properties when (x, y) lies on the unit circle centered at the origin: x2 + y2 = 1. In this case, we find that M(x, y) commutes with the Hamiltonian and all the conserved charges of the isotropic spin-1/2 Heisenberg chain. Moreover, M(x1, y1) and M(x2, y2) are mutually commuting if x^2i + y^2_i=1 for both i = 1 and 2. These remarkable properties of M(x, y) are proved as a consequence of the Yang–Baxter equation.
On integrable matrix product operators with bond dimension $D=4$
Hosho Katsura
2014-12-21
We construct and study a two-parameter family of matrix product operators of bond dimension $D=4$. The operators $M(x,y)$ act on $({\\mathbb C}_2)^{\\otimes N}$, i.e., the space of states of a spin-$1/2$ chain of length $N$. For the particular values of the parameters: $x=1/3$ and $y=1/\\sqrt{3}$, the operator turns out to be proportional to the square root of the reduced density matrix of the valence-bond-solid state on a hexagonal ladder. We show that $M(x,y)$ has several interesting properties when $(x,y)$ lies on the unit circle centered at the origin: $x^2 + y^2=1$. In this case, we find that $M(x,y)$ commutes with the Hamiltonian and all the conserved charges of the isotropic spin-$1/2$ Heisenberg chain. Moreover, $M(x_1,y_1)$ and $M(x_2,y_2)$ are mutually commuting if $x^2_i + y^2_i=1$ for both $i=1$ and $2$. These remarkable properties of $M(x,y)$ are proved as a consequence of the Yang-Baxter equation.
U(1) staggered Dirac operator and random matrix
Bernd A. Berg; Harald Markum; Rainer Pullirsch; Tilo Wettig
1999-08-20
We investigate the spectrum of the staggered Dirac operator in 4d quenched U(1) lattice gauge theory and its relationship to random matrix theory. In the confined as well as in the Coulomb phase the nearest-neighbor spacing distribution of the unfolded eigenvalues is well described by the chiral unitary ensemble. The same is true for the distribution of the smallest eigenvalue and the microscopic spectral density in the confined phase. The physical origin of the chiral condensate in this phase deserves further study.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Shizgal, Bernie D.; Dridi, Raouf
2010-09-01
A Maple code is provided which is used to compute the matrix elements of the collision operators in the Boltzmann equation for arbitrary differential elastic collision cross section. The present paper describes an efficient method for the calculation of the matrix elements of the collision operators in the Sonine basis set. The method employs the generating functions for these polynomials. The transport properties of gaseous mixtures of atoms and/or ions are generally determined from solutions of the Boltzmann equation. The solution of the Boltzmann equation for the velocity distribution functions requires a representation of the integral collision operators defined by the differential cross sections describing collisions between pairs of particles. Many applications have considered either the simple hard sphere cross section or the cross section corresponding to the inverse fourth power of the inter-particle distance ("Maxwell molecules"). There are a few applications where realistic quantum mechanical cross sections have been used. The basis set of Sonine (or Laguerre) polynomials is the basis set of choice used to represent the distribution functions. The Maple code provided is used to express the matrix elements of the collision operators in terms of a finite sum of the omega integrals of transport theory and defined by the differential cross section. Thus the matrix representations of the collision operators are applicable to arbitrary interaction potentials. Program summaryProgram title: MCBC Catalogue identifier: AEGJ_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEGJ_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Standard CPC licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 2422 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 48 653 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: Maple Computer: Personal computer or workstation Operating system: Windows or Linux RAM: bytes Classification: 12 Nature of problem: The representation of the collision operators in the Boltzmann equation in the basis set of Sonine (Laguerre) polynomials. Solution method: The matrix element of the generating function for the Sonine polynomials are evaluated analytically. The individual matrix elements are the coefficients in the double power series expansion in two parameters. The Maple code is used to effect this expansion and extract the coefficients of the omega integrals. The omega integrals are defined by the differential cross section. Running time: A few seconds for the examples provided.
Light-ray operators and their application in QCD
Geyer, B.; Robaschik, D.; Mueller, D.
1994-05-01
The nonperturbative parton distribution and wave functions are directly related to matrix elements of light-ray (nonlocal) operators. These operators are generalizations of the standard local operators known from the operator product expansions. The renormalization group equation for these operators leads to evolution equations for more general distribution amplitudes which include the Altarelli-Parisi and the Brodsky-Lepage equations as special cases. It is possible to derive the Altarelli-Parisi kernel as a limiting case of the extended Brodsky-Lepage kernel. As a new application of the operator product expansion, the virtual Compton scattering near forward direction is considered.
Dense and Sparse Matrix Operations on the Cell Processor
Williams, Samuel W.; Shalf, John; Oliker, Leonid; Husbands,Parry; Yelick, Katherine
2005-05-01
The slowing pace of commodity microprocessor performance improvements combined with ever-increasing chip power demands has become of utmost concern to computational scientists. Therefore, the high performance computing community is examining alternative architectures that address the limitations of modern superscalar designs. In this work, we examine STI's forthcoming Cell processor: a novel, low-power architecture that combines a PowerPC core with eight independent SIMD processing units coupled with a software-controlled memory to offer high FLOP/s/Watt. Since neither Cell hardware nor cycle-accurate simulators are currently publicly available, we develop an analytic framework to predict Cell performance on dense and sparse matrix operations, using a variety of algorithmic approaches. Results demonstrate Cell's potential to deliver more than an order of magnitude better GFLOP/s per watt performance, when compared with the Intel Itanium2 and Cray X1 processors.
COMMERICAL MOTOR VEHICLE OPERATOR EMPLOYMENT APPLICATION SUPPLEMENT
Sin, Peter
COMMERICAL MOTOR VEHICLE OPERATOR EMPLOYMENT APPLICATION SUPPLEMENT _________________________________________________________ Applicants for positions involving the operation of a commercial motor vehicle must comply with Title 49 CFR: _______________ Please list the following information for each unexpired commercial motor vehicle operator license
Powell, B. P.; Azmy, Y. Y.
2013-07-01
The Integral Transport Matrix Method (ITMM) has been shown to be an effective method for solving the neutron transport equation in large domains on massively parallel architectures. In the limit of very large number of processors, the speed of the algorithm, and its suitability for unstructured meshes, i.e. other than an ordered Cartesian grid, is limited by the construction of four matrix operators required for obtaining the solution in each sub-domain. The existing algorithm used for construction of these matrix operators, termed the differential mesh sweep, is computationally expensive and was developed for a structured grid. This work proposes the use of a new algorithm for construction of these operators based on the construction of a single, fundamental matrix representing the transport of a particle along every possible path throughout the sub-domain mesh. Each of the operators is constructed by multiplying an element of this fundamental matrix by two factors dependent only upon the operator being constructed and on properties of the emitting and incident cells. The ITMM matrix operator construction time for the new algorithm is demonstrated to be shorter than the existing algorithm in all tested cases with both isotropic and anisotropic scattering considered. While also being a more efficient algorithm on a structured Cartesian grid, the new algorithm is promising in its geometric robustness and potential for being applied to an unstructured mesh, with the ultimate goal of application to an unstructured tetrahedral mesh on a massively parallel architecture. (authors)
Graphite fiber reinforced glass matrix composites for aerospace applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Prewo, K. M.; Bacon, J. F.; Dicus, D. L.
1979-01-01
The graphite fiber reinforced glass matrix composite system is described. Although this composite is not yet a mature material, it possesses low density, attractive mechanical properties at elevated temperatures, and good environmental stability. Properties are reported for a borosilicate glass matrix unidirectionally reinforced with 60 volume percent HMS graphite fiber. The flexural strength and fatigue characteristics at room and elevated temperature, resistance to thermal cycling and continuous high temperature oxidation, and thermal expansion characteristics of the composite are reported. The properties of this new composite are compared to those of advanced resin and metal matrix composites showing that graphite fiber reinforced glass matrix composites are attractive for aerospace applications.
Eichenberger, Alexandre E; Gschwind, Michael K; Gunnels, John A
2013-11-05
Mechanisms for performing matrix multiplication operations with data pre-conditioning in a high performance computing architecture are provided. A vector load operation is performed to load a first vector operand of the matrix multiplication operation to a first target vector register. A load and splat operation is performed to load an element of a second vector operand and replicating the element to each of a plurality of elements of a second target vector register. A multiply add operation is performed on elements of the first target vector register and elements of the second target vector register to generate a partial product of the matrix multiplication operation. The partial product of the matrix multiplication operation is accumulated with other partial products of the matrix multiplication operation.
Subnormal and quasinormal Toeplitz operators with matrix-valued rational symbols
Lee, Woo Young
fields of mathematics and physics, and nowadays the theory of Toeplitz operators is a very wide areaSubnormal and quasinormal Toeplitz operators with matrix-valued rational symbols Ra´ul E. Curto and the quasinormality of Toeplitz operators with matrix-valued rational symbols. In particular, in view of Halmos
Matrix elements of one-body and two-body operators between arbitrary HFB multi-quasiparticle states
Qing-Li Hu; Zao-Chun Gao; Y. S. Chen
2014-08-14
We present new formulae for the matrix elements of one-body and two-body physical operators in compact forms, which are applicable to arbitrary Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov wave functions, including those for multi-quasiparticle excitations. The test calculations show that our formulae may substantially accelerate the process of symmetry restoration when applied to the heavy nuclear system.
Optimal Boolean Matrix Decomposition: Application to Role Engineering
Lu, Jiaheng
Optimal Boolean Matrix Decomposition: Application to Role Engineering Haibing Lu, Jaideep Vaidya. Such decomposition solutions are useful in a number of application domains including text mining, role engineering engineering context, whose goal is to discover an optimal and correct set of roles from existing permissions
Polymer, metal, and ceramic matrix composites for advanced aircraft engine applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Mcdanels, D. L.; Serafini, T. T.; Dicarlo, J. A.
1986-01-01
Advanced aircraft engine research within NASA Lewis is being focused on propulsion systems for subsonic, supersonic, and hypersonic aircraft. Each of these flight regimes requires different types of engines, but all require advanced materials to meet their goals of performance, thrust-to-weight ratio, and fuel efficiency. The high strength/weight and stiffness/weight properties of resin, metal, and ceramic matrix composites will play an increasingly key role in meeting these performance requirements. At NASA Lewis, research is ongoing to apply graphite/polyimide composites to engine components and to develop polymer matrices with higher operating temperature capabilities. Metal matrix composites, using magnesium, aluminum, titanium, and superalloy matrices, are being developed for application to static and rotating engine components, as well as for space applications, over a broad temperature range. Ceramic matrix composites are also being examined to increase the toughness and reliability of ceramics for application to high-temperature engine structures and components.
Polymer, metal and ceramic matrix composites for advanced aircraft engine applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Mcdanels, D. L.; Serafini, T. T.; Dicarlo, J. A.
1985-01-01
Advanced aircraft engine research within NASA Lewis is being focused on propulsion systems for subsonic, supersonic, and hypersonic aircraft. Each of these flight regimes requires different types of engines, but all require advanced materials to meet their goals of performance, thrust-to-weight ratio, and fuel efficiency. The high strength/weight and stiffness/weight properties of resin, metal, and ceramic matrix composites will play an increasingly key role in meeting these performance requirements. At NASA Lewis, research is ongoing to apply graphite/polyimide composites to engine components and to develop polymer matrices with higher operating temperature capabilities. Metal matrix composites, using magnesium, aluminum, titanium, and superalloy matrices, are being developed for application to static and rotating engine components, as well as for space applications, over a broad temperature range. Ceramic matrix composites are also being examined to increase the toughness and reliability of ceramics for application to high-temperature engine structures and components.
MAAP nuclear operations support applications
Dion, D.R. [Pacific Gas & Electric Co., San Francisco, CA (United States)
1996-12-31
This paper discusses some applications of the modular accident analysis program (both MAAP3 and MAAP4) at the Pacific Gas & Electric Company (PG&E). MAAP is used to analyze the twin-unit Diablo Canyon nuclear power plant (DCPP). DCPP has two four-loop Westinghouse pressurized water reactors (PWRs). Although MAAP was extensively used to support the individual plant examination for DCPP and it is being used to support the development of a plant-specific severe accident management program, MAAP has also been a very useful tool in the areas of postevent analysis, engineering support, and operations support. This paper presents some examples of the use of MAAP in all these areas: the so-called non-severe-accident areas.
Aluminum Metal-Matrix Composites for Automotive Applications: Tribological Considerations
S. V. Prasad; R. Asthana
2004-01-01
Aluminum alloys possess a number of mechanical and physical properties that make them attractive for automotive applications, but they exhibit extremely poor resistance to seizure and galling. Reinforcement of aluminum alloys with solid lubricants, hard ceramic particles, short fibers and whiskers results in advanced metal-matrix composites (MMC) with precise balances of mechanical, physical and tribological characteristics. Advanced manufacturing technologies such
Applications of matrix lightcurve inversion: an image of Pluto
William F. Drish; Walter J. Wild; Robert Harmon; Robert L. Marcialis
1995-01-01
Matrix lightcurve inversion (MLI) is an indirect imaging technique that can be used to infer surface albedo distributions, pole orientations, and 3D shapes for planets, moons, and asteroids from rotational photometric lightcurves. Also, MLI can be used to map the brightness distributions of magnetically active spotted stars. Pluto represents an almost ideal application for MLI, because it is a spherical
Application of Matrix Completion on Water Treatment Data Sofia Savvaki
Tsakalides, Panagiotis
Application of Matrix Completion on Water Treatment Data Sofia Savvaki savvaki@csd.uoc.gr Grigorios in introducing CPS-based systems at industrial water treatment plants, responsible for water purification estimation of missing water treatment data, collected over a WSN deployed at a water desalination plant
Using Excel's Matrix Operations to Facilitate Reciprocal Cost Allocations
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Leese, Wallace R.; Kizirian, Tim
2009-01-01
The reciprocal method of service department cost allocation requires linear equations to be solved simultaneously. These computations are often so complex as to cause the abandonment of the reciprocal method in favor of the less sophisticated direct or step-down methods. Here is a short example demonstrating how Excel's sometimes unknown matrix…
Sparse unitary operators and repeated entries in the process matrix
Vinayak Jagadish; Anil Shaji
2015-06-12
We show that quantum processes of low rank are inexorably connected to the dimensions of the environmental state space that the system is in contact with. We also show that the process matrix representing such low rank processes will have only a few distinct entries which goes as O(r^2) (r is the rank) and hence the number of independent measurements needed to characterize the process is greatly reduced.
Matrix Elements and Operator Equivalents Connected with the Magnetic Properties of Rare Earth Ions
K W H Stevens; K. W. H
1952-01-01
An account is given of the methods used to determine the matrix elements of crystal field potentials with particular reference to rare earth ions. Emphasis is laid on the importance of Wigner coefficients in such problems and the idea of using equivalent angular momentum operators is developed. For convenience in applying the results tables of matrix elements are included.
Subnormal and quasinormal Toeplitz operators with matrix-valued rational symbols
Curto, Raúl
to a number of problems in functional analysis, operator theory, mathematical physics, and other fields hand, Toeplitz operators arise in a variety of problems in several fields of mathematics and physicsSubnormal and quasinormal Toeplitz operators with matrix-valued rational symbols Ra´ul E. Curto
Number of Bound States of Schroedinger Operators with Matrix-Valued Potentials
Rupert L. Frank; Elliott H. Lieb; Robert Seiringer
2007-10-09
We give a CLR type bound on the number of bound states of Schroedinger operators with matrix-valued potentials using the functional integral method of Lieb. This significantly improves the constant in this inequality obtained earlier by Hundertmark.
Evaluating Two-Loop massive Operator Matrix Elements with Mellin-Barnes Integrals
I. Bierenbaum; J. Blümlein; S. Klein
2006-07-27
We calculate massive 5-propagator 2-loop integrals for operator matrix elements in the light-cone expansion, using Mellin-Barnes techniques and representations through generalized hypergeometric functions.
Evaluating Two-Loop massive Operator Matrix Elements with Mellin-Barnes Integrals
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bierenbaum, Isabella; Blümlein, Johannes; Klein, Sebastian
2006-10-01
We calculate massive 5-propagator 2-loop integrals for operator matrix elements in the light-cone expansion, using Mellin-Barnes techniques and representations through generalized hypergeometric functions.
Eichenberger, Alexandre E; Gschwind, Michael K; Gunnels, John A
2014-02-11
Mechanisms for performing a complex matrix multiplication operation are provided. A vector load operation is performed to load a first vector operand of the complex matrix multiplication operation to a first target vector register. The first vector operand comprises a real and imaginary part of a first complex vector value. A complex load and splat operation is performed to load a second complex vector value of a second vector operand and replicate the second complex vector value within a second target vector register. The second complex vector value has a real and imaginary part. A cross multiply add operation is performed on elements of the first target vector register and elements of the second target vector register to generate a partial product of the complex matrix multiplication operation. The partial product is accumulated with other partial products and a resulting accumulated partial product is stored in a result vector register.
Future launch systems operability applications
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Fleming, Bruce W.
1996-03-01
This paper discusses the importance of current space launch vehicle operations cost drivers analyses and the need to re-engineer future launch systems design and operational philosophies. Analyses methodology, tools, and techniques used to capture and analyze a historical Shuttle operations database are illustrated, as well as examples of how the analyses results provide essential insight into current space systems cost drivers. In addition, this paper highlights new approaches, technologies, and design concepts that are essential to both vehicle and ground systems if the United States is to remain competitive in the future launch services market.
Chiral extrapolation of matrix elements of BSM kaon operators
Jon A. Bailey; Hyung-Jin Kim; Weonjong Lee; Stephen R. Sharpe
2012-11-08
Models of new physics induce K_0-K_0bar mixing through operators having Dirac structures other than the "left-left" form of the Standard Model. To carry out the chiral-continuum extrapolation of results from numerical simulations, one needs to know the quark mass and lattice spacing dependence of the corresponding B-parameters in the partially quenched theory at least at next-to-leading order. For simulations using staggered fermions (such as that we are doing with HYP-smeared valence fermions on the MILC asqtad lattices) one must determine this dependence using staggered chiral perturbation theory (SChPT). We have calculated the required dependence in both SU(3) and SU(2) SChPT, working at next-to-leading order, and we give here an overview of the methodology and results. The SU(3) SChPT result turns out to be much simpler than that for the Standard Model B_K operator, due to the absence of chiral suppression for the new operators. The SU(2) SChPT result turns out to be closely related to that for B_K: the chiral logarithms are identical, up to an operator-dependent sign. Our results are also useful for fermions with chiral symmetry as they provide, in the continuum limit, the partially quenched generalization of existing continuum results.
Thermosetting Polymer-Matrix Composites for Strucutral Repair Applications
William Kirby Goertzen
2007-12-01
Several classes of thermosetting polymer matrix composites were evaluated for use in structural repair applications. Initial work involved the characterization and evaluation of woven carbon fiber/epoxy matrix composites for structural pipeline repair. Cyanate ester resins were evaluated as a replacement for epoxy in composites for high-temperature pipe repair applications, and as the basis for adhesives for resin infusion repair of high-temperature composite materials. Carbon fiber/cyanate ester matrix composites and fumed silica/cyanate ester nanocomposites were evaluated for their thermal, mechanical, viscoelastic, and rheological properties as they relate to their structure, chemistry, and processing characteristics. The bisphenol E cyanate ester under investigation possesses a high glass transition temperature, excellent mechanical properties, and unique ambient temperature processability. The incorporate of fumed silica served to enhance the mechanical and rheological properties of the polymer and reduce thermal expansion without sacrificing glass transition or drastically altering curing kinetics. Characterization of the composites included dynamic mechanical analysis, thermomechanical analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, rheological and rheokinetic evaluation, and transmission electron microscopy.
On the S-matrix of Schrödinger operators with non-symmetric zero-range potentials
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Cojuhari, P. A.; Grod, A.; Kuzhel, S.
2014-08-01
Non-self-adjoint Schrödinger operators {{A}_{\\mathfrak{T}}} which correspond to non-symmetric zero-range potentials are investigated. We show that various properties of {{A}_{\\mathfrak{T}}} (eigenvalues, exceptional points, spectral singularities and the property of similarity to a self-adjoint operator) are completely determined by poles of the corresponding S-matrix.
Advanced Ceramic Matrix Composites (CMCs) for High Temperature Applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Singh, M.
2005-01-01
Advanced ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) are enabling materials for a number of demanding applications in aerospace, energy, and nuclear industries. In the aerospace systems, these materials are being considered for applications in hot sections of jet engines such as the combustor liner, vanes, nozzle components, nose cones, leading edges of reentry vehicles, and space propulsion components. Applications in the energy and environmental industries include radiant heater tubes, heat exchangers, heat recuperators, gas and diesel particulate filters, and components for land based turbines for power generation. These materials are also being considered for use in the first wall and blanket components of fusion reactors. In the last few years, a number of CMC components have been developed and successfully tested for various aerospace and ground based applications. However, a number of challenges still remain slowing the wide scale implementation of these materials. They include robust fabrication and manufacturing, assembly and integration, coatings, property modeling and life prediction, design codes and databases, repair and refurbishment, and cost. Fabrication of net and complex shape components with high density and tailorable matrix properties is quite expensive, and even then various desirable properties are not achievable. In this presentation, a number of examples of successful CMC component development and testing will be provided. In addition, critical need for robust manufacturing, joining and assembly technologies in successful implementation of these systems will be discussed.
Implementation Challenges for Ceramic Matrix Composites in High Temperature Applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Singh, Mrityunjay
2004-01-01
Ceramic matrix composites are leading candidate materials for a number of applications in aeronautics, space, energy, electronics, nuclear, and transportation industries. In the aeronautics and space exploration systems, these materials are being considered for applications in hot sections of jet engines such as the combustor liner, nozzle components, nose cones, leading edges of reentry vehicles and space propulsion components. Applications in the energy and environmental industries include radiant heater tubes, heat exchangers, heat recuperators, gas and diesel particulate filters (DPFs), and components for land based turbines for power generation. These materials are also being considered for use in the first wall and blanket components of fusion reactors. There are a number of critical issues and challenges related to successful implementation of composite materials. Fabrication of net and complex shape components with high density and tailorable matrix properties is quite expensive, and even then various desirable properties are not achievable. In this presentation, microstructure and thermomechanical properties of composites fabricated by two techniques (chemical vapor infiltration and melt infiltration), will be presented. In addition, critical need for robust joining and assembly technologies in successful implementation of these systems will be discussed. Other implementation issues will be discussed along with advantages and benefits of using these materials for various components in high temperature applications.
Matrix fatigue cracking in {alpha}{sub 2} titanium matrix composites for hypersonic applications
Gabb, T.P.; Gayda, J. [NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH (United States)
1996-12-31
The objective of this work was to understand matrix cracking mechanisms in a unidirectional {alpha}{sub 2} titanium matrix composite (TMC) in possible hypersonic applications. A [0]{sub 8} SCS-6/Ti-24Al-11Nb (atomic %) TMC was first subjected to a variety of simple isothermal and nonisothermal fatigue cycles to evaluate the damage mechanisms in simple conditions. A modified ascent mission cycle test was then performed to evaluate the combined effects of loading modes. This cycle mixes mechanical cycling at 150 and 483 C, sustained loads, and a slow thermal cycle to 815 C. At low cyclic stresses and strains more common in hypersonic applications, environment-assisted surface cracking limited fatigue resistance. This damage mechanism was most acute for out-of-phase nonisothermal cycles having extended cycle periods and the ascent mission cycle. A simple linear fraction damage model was employed to help understand this damage mechanism. Time-dependent environmental damage was found to strongly influence out-of-phase and mission life, with mechanical cycling damage due to the combination of external loading and CTE mismatch stresses playing a smaller role. The mechanical cycling and sustained loads in the mission cycle also had a smaller role.
Needell, Deanna
CS Applications CS Math MR Applications MR Math MR Theory Proof Bridging Matrix Recovery Gaps using #12;CS Applications CS Math MR Applications MR Math MR Theory Proof Outline Compressed Sensing (CS manifold theory Deanna Needell Bridging Matrix Recovery Gaps using Manifolds #12;CS Applications CS Math MR
The Golden-Thompson inequality: Historical aspects and random matrix applications
Forrester, Peter J. Thompson, Colin J.
2014-02-15
The Golden-Thompson inequality, Tr?(e{sup A+B}) ? Tr?(e{sup A}e{sup B}) for A, B Hermitian matrices, appeared in independent works by Golden and Thompson published in 1965. Both of these were motivated by considerations in statistical mechanics. In recent years the Golden-Thompson inequality has found applications to random matrix theory. In this article, we detail some historical aspects relating to Thompson's work, giving in particular a hitherto unpublished proof due to Dyson, and correspondence with Pólya. We show too how the 2 × 2 case relates to hyperbolic geometry, and how the original inequality holds true with the trace operation replaced by any unitarily invariant norm. In relation to the random matrix applications, we review its use in the derivation of concentration type lemmas for sums of random matrices due to Ahlswede-Winter, and Oliveira, generalizing various classical results.
WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM OPERATION: APPLICATION OF
Mays, Larry W.
CHAPTER 5 WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM OPERATION: APPLICATION OF SIMULATED ANNEALING Fred E. Goldman Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 5.1 INTRODUCTION The operation of water distribution systems affects the water quality in these systems. EPA regulations require that water quality be maintained
OPERATOR SPACES: BASIC THEORY AND APPLICATIONS
Schreiber, Bertram M.
Scientific Pub., Singapore, 2008, pp. 154Â169. #12;2 B. M. Schreiber Definition 1.2. If X is a concrete1 OPERATOR SPACES: BASIC THEORY AND APPLICATIONS BERTRAM M. SCHREIBER Department of Mathemtics and completely bounded maps In the past twenty years, the theory of operator spaces has become a well
MATH405/805 Math 405/805 Applications of Matrix Theory
Wehlau, David
program is Euler, which you can download from here. For doing matrix row/column/pivot operations, download systems, numerical methods, optimization, and functions of a matrix; (b) Eigenvalue properties of non
Erosion Resistant Coatings for Polymer Matrix Composites in Propulsion Applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Sutter, James K.; Naik, Subhash K.; Horan, Richard; Miyoshi, Kazuhisa; Bowman, Cheryl; Ma, Kong; Leissler, George; Sinatra, Raymond; Cupp, Randall
2003-01-01
Polymer Matrix Composites (PMCs) offer lightweight and frequently low cost alternatives to other materials in many applications. High temperature PMCs are currently used in limited propulsion applications replacing metals. Yet in most cases, PMC propulsion applications are not in the direct engine flow path since particulate erosion degrades PMC component performance and therefore restricts their use in gas turbine engines. This paper compares two erosion resistant coatings (SANRES and SANPRES) on PMCs that are useful for both low and high temperature propulsion applications. Collaborating over a multi-year period, researchers at NASA Glenn Research Center, Allison Advanced Developed Company, and Rolls-Royce Corporation have optimized these coatings in terms of adhesion, surface roughness, and erosion resistance. Results are described for vigorous hot gas/particulate erosion rig and engine testing of uncoated and coated PMC fan bypass vanes from the AE 3007 regional jet gas turbine engine. Moreover, the structural durability of these coatings is described in long-term high cycle fatigue tests. Overall, both coatings performed well in all tests and will be considered for applications in both commercial and defense propulsion applications.
Dry borax applicator operator's manual.
Karsky, Richard, J.
1999-01-01
Annosum root rot affects conifers throughout the Northern Hemisphere, infecting their roots and eventually killing the trees. The fungus Heterobasidion annosum causes annosum root rot. The fungus colonizes readily on freshly cut stumps. Partially cut stands have a high risk of infestation because the fungus can colonize on each of the stumps and potentially infect the neighboring trees. Wind and rain carry the annosum spores. Spores that land on freshly cut stumps grow down the stump's root system where they can infect living trees through root grafts or root contacts. Once annosum becomes established, it can remain active for many years in the Southern United States and for several decades in the north. About 7% of the trees that become infected die. When thinning, stumps can be treated successfully using a competing fungus, Phlebia gigantea, and with ''Tim-Bor'' in liquid formulations. These liquid products are no longer approved in the United States. Only the dry powder form is registered and approved by the EPA. Stumps can be treated with a dry formula of borax, (Sporax), significantly reducing one of the primary routes by which Heterobasidion annosum infects a stand of trees. Sporax is used by the USDA Forest Service to control annosum root rot. Sporax is now applied by hand, but once the felled trees are skidded it becomes very hard to locate the stumps. A stump applicator will reduce error, labor costs, and hazards to workers.
Encoding the structure of many-body localization with matrix product operators
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Pekker, David; Clark, Bryan K.
2015-03-01
Anderson insulators are non-interacting disordered systems which have localized single particle eigenstates. The interacting analogue of Anderson insulators are the Many-Body Localized (MBL) phases. The natural language for representing the spectrum of the Anderson insulator is that of product states over the single-particle modes. We show that product states over Matrix Product Operators of small bond dimension is the corresponding natural language for describing the MBL phases. In this language all of the many-body eigenstates are encode by Matrix Product States (i.e. DMRG wave function) consisting of only two sets of low bond-dimension matrices per site: the Gi matrix corresponding to the local ground state on site i and the Ei matrix corresponding to the local excited state. All 2 n eigenstates can be generated from all possible combinations of these matrices.
47 CFR 1.83 - Applications for radio operator licenses.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-10-01
...2010-10-01 false Applications for radio operator licenses. 1.83 Section...Proceedings § 1.83 Applications for radio operator licenses. (a) Application filing procedures for amateur radio operator licenses are set forth in...
47 CFR 1.83 - Applications for radio operator licenses.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-10-01
...2014-10-01 false Applications for radio operator licenses. 1.83 Section...Proceedings § 1.83 Applications for radio operator licenses. (a) Application filing procedures for amateur radio operator licenses are set...
47 CFR 1.83 - Applications for radio operator licenses.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-10-01
...2012-10-01 false Applications for radio operator licenses. 1.83 Section...Proceedings § 1.83 Applications for radio operator licenses. (a) Application filing procedures for amateur radio operator licenses are set...
47 CFR 1.83 - Applications for radio operator licenses.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-10-01
...2013-10-01 false Applications for radio operator licenses. 1.83 Section...Proceedings § 1.83 Applications for radio operator licenses. (a) Application filing procedures for amateur radio operator licenses are set...
47 CFR 1.83 - Applications for radio operator licenses.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-10-01
...2011-10-01 false Applications for radio operator licenses. 1.83 Section...Proceedings § 1.83 Applications for radio operator licenses. (a) Application filing procedures for amateur radio operator licenses are set...
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Weder, Ricardo
2015-09-01
We study the stationary scattering theory for the matrix Schrödinger equation on the half line, with the most general boundary condition at the origin, and with integrable selfadjoint matrix potentials. We prove the limiting absorption principle, we construct the generalized Fourier maps, and we prove that they are partially isometric with initial space, the subspace of absolute continuity of the matrix Schrödinger operator, and final space L2((0, ?)). We prove the existence and the completeness of the wave operators and we establish that they are given by the stationary formulae. We also construct the spectral shift function and we give its high-energy asymptotics. Furthermore, assuming that the potential also has a finite first moment, we prove a Levinson's theorem for the spectral shift function.
Ricardo Weder
2015-05-07
We study the stationary scattering theory for the matrix Schr\\"odinger equation on the half line, with the most general boundary condition at the origin, and with integrable selfadjoint matrix potentials. We prove the limiting absorption principle, we construct the generalized Fourier maps, and we prove that they are partially isometric with initial space the subspace of absolute continuity of the matrix Schr\\"odinger operator and final space $L^2((0, \\infty))$. We prove the existence and the completeness of the wave operators and we establish that they are given by the stationary formulae. We also construct the spectral shift function and we give its high-energy asymptotics. Furthermore, assuming that the potential also has a finite first moment, we prove a Levinson's theorem for the spectral shift function.
D'Ariano, G M; Lo Presti, P
2001-05-01
Quantum operations describe any state change allowed in quantum mechanics, including the evolution of an open system or the state change due to a measurement. We present a general method based on quantum tomography for measuring experimentally the matrix elements of an arbitrary quantum operation. As input the method needs only a single entangled state. The feasibility of the technique for the electromagnetic field is shown, and the experimental setup is illustrated based on homodyne tomography of a twin beam. PMID:11328133
Calculation of Massive 2-Loop Operator Matrix Elements with Outer Gluon Lines
I. Bierenbaum; J. Blümlein; S. Klein
2007-02-26
Massive on-shell operator matrix elements and self-energy diagrams with outer gluon lines are calculated analytically at $O(\\alpha_s^2)$, using Mellin-Barnes integrals and representations through generalized hypergeometric functions. This method allows for a direct evaluation without decomposing the integrals using the integration-by-parts method.
Calculation of massive 2-loop operator matrix elements with outer gluon lines
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bierenbaum, I.; Blümlein, J.; Klein, S.
2007-05-01
Massive on-shell operator matrix elements and self-energy diagrams with outer gluon lines are calculated analytically at O (?s2), using Mellin-Barnes integrals and representations through generalized hypergeometric functions. This method allows for a direct evaluation without decomposing the integrals using the integration-by-parts method.
Nondestructive damage evaluation in ceramic matrix composites for aerospace applications.
Dassios, Konstantinos G; Kordatos, Evangelos Z; Aggelis, Dimitrios G; Matikas, Theodore E
2013-01-01
Infrared thermography (IRT) and acoustic emission (AE) are the two major nondestructive methodologies for evaluating damage in ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) for aerospace applications. The two techniques are applied herein to assess and monitor damage formation and evolution in a SiC-fiber reinforced CMC loaded under cyclic and fatigue loading. The paper explains how IRT and AE can be used for the assessment of the material's performance under fatigue. IRT and AE parameters are specifically used for the characterization of the complex damage mechanisms that occur during CMC fracture, and they enable the identification of the micromechanical processes that control material failure, mainly crack formation and propagation. Additionally, these nondestructive parameters help in early prediction of the residual life of the material and in establishing the fatigue limit of materials rapidly and accurately. PMID:23935428
Fulcher, L.P. )
1994-07-01
A new procedure for solving the spinless Salpeter equation is developed. This procedure is implemented with the Cornell potential, where all of the required matrix elements can be calculated from analytic expressions in a convenient basis. Beginning with analytic results for the square of the momentum operator, the matrix elements of the nonlocal kinetic energy operator are obtained from an algorithm that computes the square root of the square of the relativistic kinetic energy operator. Results calculated with the spinless Salpeter equation are compared with those obtained from Schroedinger's equation for heavy-quark systems, heavy-light systems, and light-quark systems. In each case the Salpeter energies agree with experiment substantially better than the Schroedinger energies.
Particle number conservation in quantum many-body simulations with matrix product operators
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Muth, Dominik
2011-11-01
Incorporating conservation laws explicitly into matrix product states (MPSs) has proven to make numerical simulations of quantum many-body systems much less resource consuming. We will discuss here to what extent this concept can be used in simulation where the dynamically evolving entities are matrix product operators (MPOs). Quite counter-intuitively the expectation of gaining in speed by sacrificing information about all but a single symmetry sector is not in all cases fulfilled. It turns out that often the entanglement imposed by the global constraint of fixed particle number is the limiting factor.
Particle number conservation in quantum many-body simulations with matrix product operators
Muth, Dominik
2011-01-01
Incorporating conservation laws explicitly into Matrix product states (MPS) has proven to make numerical simulations of quantum many-body systems much less resources consuming. We will discuss here, to what extent this concept can be used in matrix product operators (MPO). Quite counter-intuitively the expectation of gaining in speed by sacrificing information about all but a single symmetry sector is not in all cases fulfilled. It turns out that often the entanglement imposed by the global constraint of fixed particle number is the limiting factor in the canonical ensemble.
Towards Application Security on Untrusted Operating Systems
Dan R. K. Ports; Tal Garfinkel
2008-01-01
Complexity in commodity operating systems makes compromises inevitable. Consequently, a great deal of work has examined how to protect security-critical por- tions of applications from the OS through mechanisms such as microkernels, virtual machine monitors, and new processor architectures. Unfortunately, most work has focused on CPU and memory isolation and neglected OS semantics. Thus, while much is known about how
Matrix-Product Operators and States: NP-Hardness and Undecidability
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kliesch, M.; Gross, D.; Eisert, J.
2014-10-01
Tensor network states constitute an important variational set of quantum states for numerical studies of strongly correlated systems in condensed-matter physics, as well as in mathematical physics. This is specifically true for finitely correlated states or matrix-product operators, designed to capture mixed states of one-dimensional quantum systems. It is a well-known open problem to find an efficient algorithm that decides whether a given matrix-product operator actually represents a physical state that in particular has no negative eigenvalues. We address and answer this question by showing that the problem is provably undecidable in the thermodynamic limit and that the bounded version of the problem is NP-hard (nondeterministic-polynomial-time hard) in the system size. Furthermore, we discuss numerous connections between tensor network methods and (seemingly) different concepts treated before in the literature, such as hidden Markov models and tensor trains.
Three-Loop Contributions to the Gluonic Massive Operator Matrix Elements at General Values of N
J. Ablinger; J. Blümlein; A. De Freitas; A. Hasselhuhn; S. Klein; C. Raab; M. Round; C. Schneider; F. Wi\\ssbrock
2013-01-02
Recent results on the calculation of 3-loop massive operator matrix elements in case of one and two heavy quark masses are reported. They concern the $O(n_f T_F^2 C_{F,A})$ and $O(T_F^2 C_{F,A})$ gluonic corrections, two-mass quarkonic moments, and ladder- and Benz-topologies. We also discuss technical aspects of the calculations.
Hanford Site air operating permit application
1995-05-01
The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, which amended the Federal Clean Air Act of 1977, required that the US Environmental Protection Agency develop a national Air Operating Permit Program, which in turn would require each state to develop an Air Operating Permit Program to identify all sources of ``regulated`` pollutants. Regulated pollutants include ``criteria`` pollutants (oxides of nitrogen, sulfur oxides, total suspended particulates, carbon monoxide, particulate matter greater than 10 micron, lead) plus 189 other ``Hazardous`` Air Pollutants. The Hanford Site, owned by the US Government and operated by the US Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office, is located in southcentral Washington State and covers 560 square miles of semi-arid shrub and grasslands located just north of the confluence of the Snake and Yakima Rivers with the Columbia River. This land, with restricted public access, provides a buffer for the smaller areas historically used for the production of nuclear materials, waste storage, and waste disposal. About 6 percent of the land area has been disturbed and is actively used. The Hanford Site Air Operating Permit Application consists of more than 1,100 sources and in excess of 300 emission points. Before January 1995, the maintenance and operations contractor and the environmental restoration contractor for the US Department of Energy completed an air emission inventory on the Hanford Site. The inventory has been entered into a database so that the sources and emission points can be tracked and updated information readily can be retrieved. The Hanford Site Air Operating Permit Application contains information current as of April 19, 1995.
Centrifugal microfluidic platforms: advanced unit operations and applications.
Strohmeier, O; Keller, M; Schwemmer, F; Zehnle, S; Mark, D; von Stetten, F; Zengerle, R; Paust, N
2015-10-01
Centrifugal microfluidics has evolved into a mature technology. Several major diagnostic companies either have products on the market or are currently evaluating centrifugal microfluidics for product development. The fields of application are widespread and include clinical chemistry, immunodiagnostics and protein analysis, cell handling, molecular diagnostics, as well as food, water, and soil analysis. Nevertheless, new fluidic functions and applications that expand the possibilities of centrifugal microfluidics are being introduced at a high pace. In this review, we first present an up-to-date comprehensive overview of centrifugal microfluidic unit operations. Then, we introduce the term "process chain" to review how these unit operations can be combined for the automation of laboratory workflows. Such aggregation of basic functionalities enables efficient fluidic design at a higher level of integration. Furthermore, we analyze how novel, ground-breaking unit operations may foster the integration of more complex applications. Among these are the storage of pneumatic energy to realize complex switching sequences or to pump liquids radially inward, as well as the complete pre-storage and release of reagents. In this context, centrifugal microfluidics provides major advantages over other microfluidic actuation principles: the pulse-free inertial liquid propulsion provided by centrifugal microfluidics allows for closed fluidic systems that are free of any interfaces to external pumps. Processed volumes are easily scalable from nanoliters to milliliters. Volume forces can be adjusted by rotation and thus, even for very small volumes, surface forces may easily be overcome in the centrifugal gravity field which enables the efficient separation of nanoliter volumes from channels, chambers or sensor matrixes as well as the removal of any disturbing bubbles. In summary, centrifugal microfluidics takes advantage of a comprehensive set of fluidic unit operations such as liquid transport, metering, mixing and valving. The available unit operations cover the entire range of automated liquid handling requirements and enable efficient miniaturization, parallelization, and integration of assays. PMID:26035697
K to ?? hadronic matrix elements of left-right current-current operators
Stefano Bertolini; Alessio Maiezza; Fabrizio Nesti
2013-08-05
Effective \\Delta S=1 four fermion operators involving left- and right-handed currents are relevant in left-right gauge extensions of the standard model and scalar extension of the Yukawa sector. They induce K to \\pi\\pi\\ decays which are strictly constrained by experimental data, typically resulting in strong bounds on the new physics scales or parameters. We evaluate the K to \\pi\\pi\\ hadronic matrix elements of such operators within the phenomenological framework of the Chiral Quark Model. The results are consistent with the estimates used in a previous work on TeV scale left-right symmetry, thus confirming the conclusions obtained there.
Fission matrix capability for MCNP, Part II - Applications
Carney, S. E.; Brown, F. B.; Kiedrowski, B. C.; Martin, W. R.
2013-07-01
This paper describes the initial experience and results from implementing a fission matrix capability into the MCNP Monte Carlo code. The fission matrix is obtained at essentially no cost during the normal simulation for criticality calculations. It can be used to provide estimates of the fundamental mode power distribution, the reactor dominance ratio, the eigenvalue spectrum, and higher mode spatial eigenfunctions. It can also be used to accelerate the convergence of the power method iterations. Past difficulties and limitations of the fission matrix approach are overcome with a new sparse representation of the matrix, permitting much larger and more accurate fission matrix representations. Numerous examples are presented. A companion paper (Part I - Theory) describes the theoretical basis for the fission matrix method. (authors)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Liang, Jinyou; Jacobson, Mark Z.
2011-12-01
We present a locally, one-dimensional operator that couples complex Chemical and Vertical Physical processes with Sparse-matrix techniques (CVPS) for multi-dimensional regional photochemical transport models. The CVPS operator solves fundamental interaction between chemical reactions and vertical physical processes in the atmospheric boundary layer at each time step, and may be used to simulate chemicals sensitive to both vertical mixing and photochemistry at a time step. The CVPS operator is numerically stable and computationally efficient in atmospheric boundary layers over California. The computational advantage originates from sparse-matrix techniques and the low frequency for communicating feedbacks between CVPS and other local operators. Based on surface Ox (O 3 + NO 2) simulations in the Southern California Air Quality Study domain ( Harley et al., 1993; Jacobson et al., 1996) on a dual quad-core Linux processor, the ratio of simulation/computer times may reach two for three-dimensional modeling using a classic horizontal advection solver and the CVPS operator.
An SVD-like matrix decomposition and its applications
Xu, Hongguo
2003-07-15
A matrix S is an element of C-2m x 2m is symplectic if S J S* = J, where J= [(0)(-Im) (Im)(0)]. Symplectic matrices play an important role in the analysis and numerical solution of matrix problems involving the indefinite inner product x*(iJ...
Non-perturbative Pion Matrix Element of a twist-2 operator from the Lattice
M. Guagnelli; K. Jansen; F. Palombi; R. Petronzio; A. Shindler; I. Wetzorke
2005-01-06
We give a continuum limit value of the lowest moment of a twist-2 operator in pion states from non-perturbative lattice calculations. We find that the non-perturbatively obtained renormalization group invariant matrix element is _{RGI} = 0.179(11), which corresponds to ^{MSbar}(2 GeV) = 0.246(15). In obtaining the renormalization group invariant matrix element, we have controlled important systematic errors that appear in typical lattice simulations, such as non-perturbative renormalization, finite size effects and effects of a non-vanishing lattice spacing. The crucial limitation of our calculation is the use of the quenched approximation. Another question that remains not fully clarified is the chiral extrapolation of the numerical data.
Jon A. Bailey; Hyung-Jin Kim; Weonjong Lee; Stephen R. Sharpe
2012-04-26
Models of new physics induce K-Kbar mixing operators having Dirac structures other than the "left-left" form of the Standard Model. We calculate the functional form of the corresponding B-parameters at next-to-leading order in both SU(3) and SU(2) staggered chiral perturbation theory (SChPT). Numerical results for these matrix elements are being generated using improved staggered fermions; our results can be used to extrapolate these matrix elements to the physical light and strange quark masses. The SU(3) SChPT results turn out to be much simpler than that for the Standard Model B_K operator, due to the absence of chiral suppression in the new operators. The SU(2) SChPT result is of similar simplicity to that for B_K. In fact, in the latter case, the chiral logarithms for two of the new B-parameters are identical to those for B_K, while those for the other two new B-parameters are of opposite sign. In addition to providing results for the 2+1 flavor theory in SU(3) SChPT and the 1+1+1 flavor theory in SU(2) SChPT, we present the corresponding continuum partially quenched results, as these are not available in the literature.
Operator reflection positivity inequalities and their applications to interacting quantum rotors
Jacek Wojtkiewicz; Wies?aw Pusz; Piotr Stachura
2015-07-11
In the Reflection Positivity theory and its application to statistical mechanical systems, certain matrix inequalities play a central role. The Dyson-Lieb-Simon and Kennedy-Lieb-Shastry-Schupp inequalities constitute prominent examples. In this paper we extend the KLS-S inequality to the case where matrices are replaced by certain operators. As an application, we prove the occurrence of the long range order in the ground state of two-dimensional quantum rotors.
36 CFR 1194.21 - Software applications and operating systems.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-07-01
...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Software applications and operating systems. 1194.21...Technical Standards § 1194.21 Software applications and operating systems. (a) When software is designed to run on a...
36 CFR 1194.21 - Software applications and operating systems.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-07-01
...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Software applications and operating systems... Technical Standards § 1194.21 Software applications and operating systems. (a) When software is designed to run on a system...
36 CFR 1194.21 - Software applications and operating systems.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-07-01
...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Software applications and operating systems... Technical Standards § 1194.21 Software applications and operating systems. (a) When software is designed to run on a system...
36 CFR 1194.21 - Software applications and operating systems.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-07-01
...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Software applications and operating systems... Technical Standards § 1194.21 Software applications and operating systems. (a) When software is designed to run on a system...
Variational Matrix Product Operators for the Steady State of Dissipative Quantum Systems
Jian Cui; J. Ignacio Cirac; Mari Carmen Bañuls
2015-06-09
We present a new variational method, based on the matrix product operator (MPO) ansatz, for finding the steady state of dissipative quantum chains governed by master equations of the Lindblad form. Instead of requiring an accurate representation of the system evolution until the stationary state is attained, the algorithm directly targets the final state, thus allowing for a faster convergence when the steady state is a MPO with small bond dimension. Our numerical simulations for several dissipative spin models over a wide range of parameters illustrate the performance of the method and show that indeed the stationary state is often well described by a MPO of very moderate dimensions.
Variational Matrix Product Operators for the Steady State of Dissipative Quantum Systems
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Cui, Jian; Cirac, J. Ignacio; Bañuls, Mari Carmen
2015-06-01
We present a new variational method based on the matrix product operator (MPO) ansatz, for finding the steady state of dissipative quantum chains governed by master equations of the Lindblad form. Instead of requiring an accurate representation of the system evolution until the stationary state is attained, the algorithm directly targets the final state, thus, allowing for a faster convergence when the steady state is a MPO with small bond dimension. Our numerical simulations for several dissipative spin models over a wide range of parameters illustrate the performance of the method and show that, indeed, the stationary state is often well described by a MPO of very moderate dimensions.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Vergini, Eduardo G.
2014-02-01
We present a powerful semiclassical expression to evaluate off-diagonal matrix elements of the evolution operator between quantum states constructed in the neighborhood of unstable short periodic orbits, which is valid up to the Heisenberg time. The expression is much easier to evaluate than the Van Vleck propagator and consists of a sum over the set of heteroclinic orbits, where each term of the series is computed by canonical invariants. Here we introduce relevant canonical invariants of heteroclinic orbits and with them at hand, the semiclassical expression is derived. Finally, our formula is successfully verified in the hyperbola billiard.
Vergini, Eduardo G
2014-02-01
We present a powerful semiclassical expression to evaluate off-diagonal matrix elements of the evolution operator between quantum states constructed in the neighborhood of unstable short periodic orbits, which is valid up to the Heisenberg time. The expression is much easier to evaluate than the Van Vleck propagator and consists of a sum over the set of heteroclinic orbits, where each term of the series is computed by canonical invariants. Here we introduce relevant canonical invariants of heteroclinic orbits and with them at hand, the semiclassical expression is derived. Finally, our formula is successfully verified in the hyperbola billiard. PMID:25353408
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Mascarenhas, Eduardo; Flayac, Hugo; Savona, Vincenzo
2015-08-01
We develop a numerical procedure to efficiently model the nonequilibrium steady state of one-dimensional arrays of open quantum systems based on a matrix-product operator ansatz for the density matrix. The procedure searches for the null eigenvalue of the Liouvillian superoperator by sweeping along the system while carrying out a partial diagonalization of the single-site stationary problem. It bears full analogy to the density-matrix renormalization-group approach to the ground state of isolated systems, and its numerical complexity scales as a power law with the bond dimension. The method brings considerable advantage when compared to the integration of the time-dependent problem via Trotter decomposition, as it can address arbitrarily long-ranged couplings. Additionally, it ensures numerical stability in the case of weakly dissipative systems thanks to a slow tuning of the dissipation rates along the sweeps. We have tested the method on a driven-dissipative spin chain, under various assumptions for the Hamiltonian, drive, and dissipation parameters, and compared the results to those obtained both by Trotter dynamics and Monte Carlo wave function methods. Accurate and numerically stable convergence was always achieved when applying the method to systems with a gapped Liouvillian and a nondegenerate steady state.
the centerpiece of a vast domain of science dealing with electromagnetic, acoustic, and elastic wave scattering [8T-matrix method and its applications to electromagnetic scattering by particles: A current 2010 Accepted 26 January 2010 Keywords: Electromagnetic scattering T-matrix method Nonspherical
Structural and functional polymer-matrix composites for electromagnetic applications
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wu, Junhua
This dissertation addresses the science and technology of functional and structural polymer-matrix composite materials for electromagnetic applications, which include electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding and low observability (Stealth). The structural composites are continuous carbon fiber epoxy-matrix composites, which are widely used for airframes. The functional composites are composites with discontinuous fillers and in both bulk and coating forms. Through composite structure variation, attractive electromagnetic properties have been achieved. With no degradation of the tensile strength or modulus, the shielding effectiveness of the structural composites has been improved by enhancing multiple reflections through light activation of the carbon fiber. The multiple reflections loss of the electromagnetic wave increases from 1.1 to 10.2 dB at 1.0 GHz due to the activation. Such a large effect of multiple reflections has not been previously reported in any material. The observability of these composites has been lowered by decreasing the electrical conductivity (and hence decreasing the reflection loss) through carbon fiber coating. The incorporation of mumetal, a magnetic alloy particulate filler (28-40 mum size), in a latex paint has been found to be effective for enhancing the shielding only if the electrical resistivity of the resulting composite coating is below 10 O.cm, as rendered by a conductive particulate filler, such as nickel flake (14-20 mum size). This effectiveness (39 dB at 1.0 GHz) is attributed to the absorption of the electromagnetic wave by the mumetal and the nickel flake, with the high conductivity rendered by the presence of the nickel flake resulting in a relatively high reflection loss of 15.5 dB. Without the nickel flake, the mumetal gives only 3 dB of shielding and 1.5 dB of reflection loss at 1.0 GHz. Nickel powder (0.3-0.5 mum size) has been found to be an effective filler for improving the shielding of polyethersulfone (PES) bulk composites. At 13 vol.%, it gives 90 dB of shielding at 1.0 GHz, compared to 46 dB for nickel powder (20-40 mum) and the prior value of 87 dB reported by Shui and Chung for nickel filament (0.4 mum diameter). The minimum filler content for high shielding is 7-13 vol.% for both nickel powders, compared to 3-7 vol.% for nickel filament. Due to the skin effect, a small filler unit size helps the shielding, which is dominated by reflection. Carbon filament (0.1 mum, >100 mum long, >1000 in aspect ratio) is effective for enhancing the shielding effectiveness of a coating made from a water-based colloid that contains graphite particle (0.7-0.8 mum, 22 wt.%) and a starch-type binder. The filament addition increases the shielding from 11 to 20 dB at 1.0 GHz. This increase in shielding is associated with increase in reflectivity and decrease in electrical resistivity. Graphite flake (5 mum) at the same volume proportion is even more effective; its addition increases the shielding from 11 to 28 dB. The combined use of the graphite flake and a low proportion of stainless steel fiber (11 mum diameter, 2 mm long, 180 in aspect ratio) is yet more effective; it increases the shielding from 11 to 34 dB. Alumina particle (5 mum size, 15 vol.%) is effective for increasing the impedance of a coating made from the graphite colloid by 290%, though the shielding effectiveness is reduced from 18 to 11 dB at 1.0 GHz. The high impedance is attractive for MRIcompatible pacemaker leads. The interface between filler and matrix also affects the shielding. Silane treatment of the surface of graphite flake (5 mum) used in the graphite colloid decreases the viscosity (e.g., from 1750 to 1460 CP), but it also decreases the shielding effectiveness (e.g., from 20 to 16 dB at 1 GHz). Ozone treatment gives a similar effect. The decrease of the shielding effectiveness is attributed to the increase in resistivity due to the surface treatment. Measured and calculated values of the reflection loss are comparable, with the measured value lower than the corresponding calculated value, when th
Application of the Design Structure Matrix (DSM) to the real estate development process
Bulloch, Benjamin (Benjamin Edward)
2009-01-01
This thesis presents a pioneering application of an engineering systems framework, the Design Structure Matrix (DSM), to model the real estate development (RED) process. The DSM is a process modeling tool that originated ...
The production and application of metal matrix composite materials
J. W. Kaczmar; K. Pietrzak; W. W?osi?ski
2000-01-01
The production methods and properties of metal matrix composite materials reinforced with dispersion particles, platelets, non-continuous (short) and continuous (long) fibres are discussed in this paper. The most widely applied methods for the production of composite materials and composite parts are based on casting techniques such as the squeeze casting of porous ceramic preforms with liquid metal alloys and powder
Applications of density matrix in the fractional quantum mechanics
Jianping Dong
2010-12-22
The many-body space fractional quantum system is studied using the density matrix method. We give the new results of the Thomas-Fermi model, and obtain the quantum pressure of the free electron gas. We also show the validity of the Hohenberg-Kohn theory in the space fractional quantum mechanics and generalize the density functional theory to the fractional quantum mechanics.
Calculating massive 3-loop graphs for operator matrix elements by the method of hyperlogarithms
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ablinger, Jakob; Blümlein, Johannes; Raab, Clemens; Schneider, Carsten; Wißbrock, Fabian
2014-08-01
We calculate convergent 3-loop Feynman diagrams containing a single massive loop equipped with twist ?=2 local operator insertions corresponding to spin N. They contribute to the massive operator matrix elements in QCD describing the massive Wilson coefficients for deep-inelastic scattering at large virtualities. Diagrams of this kind can be computed using an extended version of the method of hyperlogarithms, originally being designed for massless Feynman diagrams without operators. The method is applied to Benz- and V-type graphs, belonging to the genuine 3-loop topologies. In case of the V-type graphs with five massive propagators, new types of nested sums and iterated integrals emerge. The sums are given in terms of finite binomially and inverse binomially weighted generalized cyclotomic sums, while the 1-dimensionally iterated integrals are based on a set of ?30 square-root valued letters. We also derive the asymptotic representations of the nested sums and present the solution for N?C. Integrals with a power-like divergence in N-space ?aN,a?R,a>1, for large values of N emerge. They still possess a representation in x-space, which is given in terms of root-valued iterated integrals in the present case. The method of hyperlogarithms is also used to calculate higher moments for crossed box graphs with different operator insertions.
Michael A. Pope; Hans D. Gougar; John M. Ryskamp
2013-09-01
The Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) is a high power density test reactor specializing in fuel and materials irradiation. For more than 45 years, the ATR has provided irradiations of materials and fuels testing along with radioisotope production. Originally operated primarily in support of the Offcie of Naval Reactors (NR), the mission has gradually expanded to cater to other customers, such as the DOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE), private industry, and universities. Unforeseen circumstances may lead to the decommissioning of ATR, thus leaving the U.S. Government without a large-scale materials irradiation capability to meet the needs of its nuclear energy and naval reactor missions. In anticipation of this possibility, work was performed under the Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) program to investigate test reactor concepts that could satisfy the current missions of the ATR along with an expanded set of secondary missions. This work can be viewed as an update to a project from the 1990’s called the Broad Application Test Reactor (BATR). In FY 2012, a survey of anticipated customer needs was performed, followed by analysis of the original BATR concepts with fuel changed to low-enriched uranium. Departing from these original BATR designs, four concepts were identified for further analysis in FY2013. The project informally adopted the acronym MATRIX (Multiple-Application Thermal Reactor for Irradiation eXperiments). This report discusses analysis of the four MATRIX concepts along with a number of variations on these main concepts. Designs were evaluated based on their satisfaction of anticipated customer requirements and the “Cylindrical” variant was selected for further analysis of options. This downselection should be considered preliminary and the backup alternatives should include the other three main designs. The baseline Cylindrical MATRIX design is expected to be capable of higher burnup than the ATR (or longer cycle length given a particular batch scheme). The volume of test space in IPTs is larger in MATRIX than in ATR with comparable magnitude of neutron flux. In addition to the IPTs, the Cylindrical MATRIX concept features test spaces at the centers of fuel assemblies where very high fast flux can be achieved. This magnitude of fast flux is similar to that achieved in the ATR A-positions, however, the available volume having these conditions is greater in the MATRIX design than in the ATR. From the analyses performed in this work, it appears that the Cylindrical MATRIX design can be designed to meet the anticipated needs of the ATR replacement reactor. However, this statement must be qualified by acknowledging that this design is quite immature, and therefore any requirements currently met must be re-evaluated as the design matures. Also, some of the requirements were not strictly met, but are believed to be achievable once features to be added later are designed.
Evaluating wilderness recreational opportunities: Application of an impact matrix
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Stohlgren, Thomas J.; Parsons, David J.
1992-05-01
An inventory of the severity and spatial distribution of wilderness campsite impacts in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks identified a total of 273 distinct nodes of campsites or “management areas.” A campsite impact matrix was developed to evaluate management areas based on total impacts (correlated to the total area of campsite development) and the density, or concentration, of impacts relative to each area's potentially campable area. The matrix is used to quantify potential recreational opportunities for wilderness visitors in a spectrum from areas offering low impact-dispersed camping to those areas offering high impact-concentrated camping. Wilderness managers can use this type of information to evaluate use distribution patterns, identify areas to increase or decrease use, and to identify areas needing site-specific regulations (e.g., one-night camping limits) to preserve wilderness resources and guarantee outstanding opportunities for solitude.
Evaluating wilderness recreational opportunities: application of an impact matrix
Stohlgren, Thomas J.; Parsons, David J.
1992-01-01
An inventory of the severity and spatial distribution of wilderness campsite impacts in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks identified a total of 273 distinct nodes of campsites or “management areas.” A campsite impact matrix was developed to evaluate management areas based on total impacts (correlated to the total area of campsite development) and the density, or concentration, of impacts relative to each area's potentially campable area. The matrix is used to quantify potential recreational opportunities for wilderness visitors in a spectrum from areas offering low impact-dispersed camping to those areas offering high impact-concentrated camping. Wilderness managers can use this type of information to evaluate use distribution patterns, identify areas to increase or decrease use, and to identify areas needing site-specific regulations (e.g., one-night camping limits) to preserve wilderness resources and guarantee outstanding opportunities for solitude.
Curcumin: a multipurpose matrix for MALDI mass spectrometry imaging applications.
Francese, S; Bradshaw, R; Flinders, B; Mitchell, C; Bleay, S; Cicero, L; Clench, M R
2013-05-21
Curcumin, 1,7-bis-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-phenyl)-hepta-1,6-diene-3,5-dione, is a polyphenolic compound naturally present in the Curcuma longa plant, also known as tumeric. Used primarily as a coloring agent and additive in food, curcumin has also long been used for its therapeutic properties in a number of medical scenarios. Here, we report on an entirely novel use of curcumin; its extended structure of conjugated double bonds suggested the potential of this compound to be a good matrix assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI MS) matrix candidate. In the quest for novel and more efficient MALDI MS matrices, curcumin is revealed to be a versatile and multipurpose matrix. It has been applied successfully for the analysis of pharmaceuticals and drugs, for imaging lipids in skin and lung tissues, and for the analysis of a number of compound classes in fingermarks. In each case, the use of curcumin is shown to promote analyte ionization very efficiently as well as provide excellent mass spectral image quality. PMID:23621442
Ren, Shi-fang; Zhang, Li; Cheng, Zhi-hong; Guo, Yin-long
2005-03-01
In this work, we reported on the advantages of immobilized carbon nanotubes as a novel MALDI-matrix. Recently, carbon nanotubes have been reported to be an effective MALDI matrix for small molecules (Anal. Chem.2003, 75, 6191), as it can eliminate the interfering matrix peaks as well as form a web morphology to fully disperse the analyte and allow strong ultraviolet absorption for enhanced pulsed laser desorption and ionization. In our study, to overcome the problem that the carbon nanotube matrix may fly off from the target, a type of polyurethane adhesive, NIPPOLAN-DC-205, is introduced to immobilize carbon nanotubes on the target, which enables widespread application of carbon nanotubes as matrix for MALDI-MS analysis. At the same time, the properties of the carbon nanotubes as an efficient matrix remained after immobilization. The presence of NIPPOLAN-DC-205 increases the time for analysis at a particular desorption spot by minimizing the time-consuming search for "hot spots" and facilitating experiments such as post source decay (PSD) which need longer-lasting signals. Moreover, NIPPOLAN-DC-205 produces no interference peaks and can easily be cleaned with acetone. Fast evaporation technology may be used to enhance signal reproducibility in MALDI analysis using carbon nanotubes as matrix. Consequently, the applicability of the carbon nanotube as matrix for matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) analysis of low molecular mass analytes is highly improved. The feasibility of the method employing polyurethane is demonstrated by comparison of the results produced from the carbon nanotube matrix with and without immobilization. In addition, neutral small carbohydrates, which are difficult to be ionized normally, can be cationized with high efficiency by MALDI-TOF-MS using the immobilized carbon nanotube matrix. The method was further applied to analyze peptides and detect urine glucose successfully. PMID:15734326
Ablinger, J; Blümlein, J; De Freitas, A; von Manteuffel, A; Schneider, C
2015-01-01
Three loop ladder and $V$-topology diagrams contributing to the massive operator matrix element $A_{Qg}$ are calculated. The corresponding objects can all be expressed in terms of nested sums and recurrences depending on the Mellin variable $N$ and the dimensional parameter $\\varepsilon$. Given these representations, the desired Laurent series expansions in $\\varepsilon$ can be obtained with the help of our computer algebra toolbox. Here we rely on generalized hypergeometric functions and Mellin-Barnes representations, on difference ring algorithms for symbolic summation, on an optimized version of the multivariate Almkvist-Zeilberger algorithm for symbolic integration, and on new methods to calculate Laurent series solutions of coupled systems of differential equations. The solutions can be computed for general coefficient matrices directly for any basis also performing the expansion in the dimensional parameter in case it is expressible in terms of indefinite nested product-sum expressions. This structural ...
Matrix operator theory of radiative transfer. II - Scattering from maritime haze.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Kattawar, G. W.; Plass, G. N.; Catchings, F. E.
1973-01-01
Matrix operator theory is used to calculate the reflected and transmitted radiance of photons that have interacted with plane-parallel maritime haze layers. The results are presented for three solar zenith angles, three values of the surface albedo, and a range of optical thicknesses from very thin to very thick. The diffuse flux at the lower boundary and the cloud albedo are tabulated. The forward peak and other features in the single-scattered phase function cause the radiance in many cases to be very different from that for Rayleigh scattering. In particular, the variation of the radiance with both the zenith or nadir angle and the azimuthal angle is more marked and the relative limb darkening under very thick layers is greater for haze M than for Rayleigh scattering. The downward diffuse flux at the lower boundary for A = 0 is always greater and the cloud albedo is always less for haze M than for Rayleigh layers.
Nagurney, Anna
In this paper we introduce a general parallelizable computational method for solving a wide spectrum of constrained matrix problems. The constrained matrix problem is a core problem in numerous applications in economics. ...
The synthesis, compressive properties, and applications of metal matrix syntactic foams
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Rohatgi, Pradeep K.; Gupta, Nikhil; Schultz, Benjamin F.; Luong, Dung D.
2011-02-01
Metal matrix syntactic foams are composites that incorporate hollow particles in a matrix, where enclosing porosity inside the thin shell of the particle leads to low density without large decreases in mechanical properties. Studies on Al, Mg, Pb, and Zn alloy matrix syntactic foams are available in the published literature. A large stress plateau region appears in the compressive stress-strain graphs of metal matrix syntactic foams. The height and length of stress plateau can be tailored by means of particle wall thickness, volume fraction, and size, and the total compressive energy absorption can be controlled. Metal matrix syntactic foams seem promising in various energy absorbing applications including automobile parts since their energy absorption capability per unit weight is better than other foams and lightweight materials.
Organic matrix composite protective coatings for space applications
Dursch, H.W.; George, P.
1995-02-01
Successful use of composites in low earth orbit (LEO) depends on their ability to survive long-term exposure to atomic oxygen (AO), ultraviolet radiation, charged particle radiation, thermal cycling, and micrometeoroid and space debris. The AO environment is especially severe for unprotected organic matrix composites surfaces in LEO. Ram facing unprotected graphite/epoxy flown on the 69-month Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) mission lost up to one ply of thickness (5 mils) resulting in decreased mechanical properties. The expected AO fluence of the 30 year Space Station Alpha mission is approximately 20 times that seen on LDEF. This exposure would result in significant material loss of unprotected ram facing organic matrix composites. Several protective coatings for composites were flown on LDEF including anodized aluminum, vacuum deposited coatings, a variety of thermal control coatings, metalized Teflon, and leafing aluminum. Results from the testing and analysis of the coated and uncoated composite specimens flown on LDEF`s leading and trailing edges provide the baseline for determining the effectiveness of protectively coated composites in LEO. In addition to LDEF results, results from shuttle flight experiments and ground based testing will be discussed.
Awtar, Shorya
Experimental Assessment of Toughness in Ceramic Matrix Composites using the J-integral with Digital Image Correlation Part II: Application to Ceramic Matrix Composites J. Tracy, A. Waas, S. Daly Abstract-field deformation data from Digital Image Correlation (DIC) to characterize toughness in continuous fiber, Si
A three-phase AC\\/AC high-frequency link matrix converter for VSCF applications
H. J. Cha; Prasad N. Enjeti
2003-01-01
In this paper, a new three-phase high-frequency link matrix converter is discussed and the topology of conventional matrix converter is modified with the addition of a transformer for a variable speed constant frequency (VSCF) application. The proposed approach accomplishes voltage transfer ratio more than unity, galvanic isolation between both voltage sources and higher power density by employing a high-frequency transformer
Druskin, V.; Lee, Ping [Schlumberger-Doll Research, Ridgefield, CT (United States); Knizhnerman, L. [Central Geophysical Expedition, Moscow (Russian Federation)
1996-12-31
There is now a growing interest in the area of using Krylov subspace approximations to compute the actions of matrix functions. The main application of this approach is the solution of ODE systems, obtained after discretization of partial differential equations by method of lines. In the event that the cost of computing the matrix inverse is relatively inexpensive, it is sometimes attractive to solve the ODE using the extended Krylov subspaces, originated by actions of both positive and negative matrix powers. Examples of such problems can be found frequently in computational electromagnetics.
Improved MALDI-TOF Microbial Mass Spectrometry Imaging by Application of a Dispersed Solid Matrix
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Vergeiner, Stefan; Schafferer, Lukas; Haas, Hubertus; Müller, Thomas
2014-08-01
The key step in high quality microbial matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry imaging (microbial MALDI MSI) is the fabrication of a homogeneous matrix coating showing a fine-grained morphology. This application note addresses a novel method to apply solid MALDI matrices onto microbial cultures grown on thin agar media. A suspension of a mixture of 2,5-DHB and ?-CHCA is sprayed onto the agar sample surface to form highly homogeneous matrix coatings. As a result, the signal intensities of metabolites secreted by the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus were found to be clearly enhanced.
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2011-04-08
...Amendment to Facility Operating License The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory...amendment to Facility Operating License No. DPR-51 for the Arkansas...withdrew the application for license amendment (Agencywide Documents Access and Management System (ADAMS)...
q-Differential operator identities and applications
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Fang, Jian-Ping
2007-08-01
In this paper, we construct a new q-exponential operator and obtain some operator identities. Using these operator identities, we give a formal extension of Jackson's transformation formula. A formal extension of Bailey's summation and an extension of the Sears terminating balanced transformation formula are also derived by our operator method. In addition, we also derive several interesting a formal extensions involving multiple sum about three terms of Sears transformation formula and Heine's transformation formula.
New processable modified polyimide resins for adhesive and matrix applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Landman, D.
1985-01-01
A broad product line of bismaleimide modified epoxy adhesives which are cured by conventional addition curing methods is described. These products fill a market need for 232 C (450 F) service adhesives which are cured in a manner similar to conventional 177 C (350 F) epoxy adhesives. The products described include film adhesives, pastes, and a primer. Subsequent development work has resulted in a new bismaleimide modified epoxy resin which uses a unique addition curing mechanism. This has resulted in products with improved thermomechanical properties compared to conventional bismaleimide epoxy resins. A film adhesive, paste, and matrix resin for composites using this new technology are described. In all cases, the products developed are heat cured by using typical epoxy cure cycles i.e., 1 hour at 177 C (350 F) followed by 2 hours postcure at 246 C (475 F).
Neutronic aspects of inert matrix fuels for application in ADS
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wallenius, J.
2003-07-01
Accelerator driven systems may operate on uranium or thorium free fuels. In order to guarantee the stability of such fuels at high temperatures, the use of inert matrices is foreseen. In the present study, safety parameters of 800 MWth ADS cores operating on oxide and nitride fuels with high americium content are investigated for a representative range of pin and core geometries. It is shown that among the inert matrices investigated, chromium yields the lowest void worth, hafnium nitride the highest fission probability for americium and magnesia the highest burnup potential.
Operator Theory: Advances and Applications, Vol. 1, 112
Olshevsky, Vadim
and involves a new class of tensor-displacement-rank struc- tured (TDS) matrices. The complexity depends matrices; Displacement rank. Contents 1. Introduction 2 2. The TDS format 4 3. Matrix arithmetic in the TDS 3.3. The TDS recompression 7 3.4. Truncation operator 8 4. Newton iteration for approximate
Magnet operating experience review for fusion applications
Cadwallader, L.C.
1991-11-01
This report presents a review of magnet operating experiences for normal-conducting and superconducting magnets from fusion, particle accelerator, medical technology, and magnetohydrodynamics research areas. Safety relevant magnet operating experiences are presented to provide feedback on field performance of existing designs and to point out the operational safety concerns. Quantitative estimates of magnet component failure rates and accident event frequencies are also presented, based on field experience and on performance of similar components in other industries.
Space Operations Learning Center Facebook Application
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Lui, Ben; Milner, Barbara; Binebrink, Dan; Kuok, Heng
2012-01-01
The proposed Space Operations Learning Center (SOLC) Facebook module, initially code-named Spaceville, is intended to be an educational online game utilizing the latest social networking technology to reach a broad audience base and inspire young audiences to be interested in math, science, and engineering. Spaceville will be a Facebook application/ game with the goal of combining learning with a fun game and social environment. The mission of the game is to build a scientific outpost on the Moon or Mars and expand the colony. Game activities include collecting resources, trading resources, completing simple science experiments, and building architectures such as laboratories, habitats, greenhouses, machine shops, etc. The player is awarded with points and achievement levels. The player s ability increases as his/her points and levels increase. A player can interact with other players using multiplayer Facebook functionality. As a result, a player can discover unexpected treasures through scientific missions, engineering, and working with others. The player creates his/her own avatar with his/her selection of its unique appearance, and names the character. The player controls the avatar to perform activities such as collecting oxygen molecules or building a habitat. From observations of other successful social online games such as Farmville and Restaurant City, a common element of these games is having eye-catching and cartoonish characters, and interesting animations for all activities. This will create a fun, educational, and rewarding environment. The player needs to accumulate points in order to be awarded special items needed for advancing to higher levels. Trophies will be awarded to the player when certain goals are reached or tasks are completed. In order to acquire some special items needed for advancement in the game, the player will need to visit his/her neighboring towns to discover the items. This is the social aspect of the game that requires the player to go out of his/her own establishment to explore what is in the neighborhood. Spaceville will take advantage of Facebook s successful architecture to inspire a new audience of scientists and engineers for the future.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bierenbaum, I.; Bluemlein, J.; Klein, S.
2007-11-01
We calculate the O(\\varepsilon )-term of the two-loop massive operator matrix elements for twist 2-operators, which contribute to the heavy flavour Wilson coefficients in unpolarised deep-inelastic scattering in the asymptotic limit Q2 gg m2. Our calculation was performed in Mellin space using Mellin-Barnes integrals and generalised hypergeometric functions. The O(\\varepsilon )-term contributes in the renormalisation at 3-loop order.
I. Bierenbaum; J. Blümlein; S. Klein
2007-10-18
We calculate the O($\\eps$)--term of the two--loop massive operator matrix elements for twist 2--operators, which contribute to the heavy flavour Wilson coefficients in unpolarized deep--inelastic scattering in the asymptotic limit $Q^2 \\gg m^2.$ Our calculation was performed in Mellin space using Mellin--Barnes integrals and generalized hypergeometric functions. The O($\\eps$)--term contributes in the renormalization at 3--loop order.
International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)
Achieving a log(n) Speed Up for Boolean Matrix Operations and Calculating the Complexity, a "Modified Method of Four Russians", which has not appeared in the lit- erature before. This algorithm is log Modified Method of Four Russians), achieves log n speed-up over Gaussian Elimination on dense boolean
Matrix elements of the electromagnetic operator between kaon and pion states
Baum, I. [Dip. di Fisica, Universita di Roma ''La Sapienza'', P.le A. Moro 5, I-00185 Roma (Italy); Lubicz, V. [Dip. di Fisica, Universita Roma Tre, Via della Vasca Navale 84, I-00146 Roma (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Roma Tre, Via della Vasca Navale 84, I-00146 Roma (Italy); Martinelli, G. [SISSA, Via Bonomea 265, I-34136 Trieste (Italy); Orifici, L. [Dip. di Fisica, Universita Roma Tre, Via della Vasca Navale 84, I-00146 Roma (Italy); Simula, S. [INFN, Sezione di Roma Tre, Via della Vasca Navale 84, I-00146 Roma (Italy)
2011-10-01
We compute the matrix elements of the electromagnetic operator sF{sub {mu}{nu}}{sigma}{sup {mu}{nu}}d between kaon and pion states, using lattice QCD with maximally twisted-mass fermions and two flavors of dynamical quarks (N{sub f}=2). The operator is renormalized nonperturbatively in the RI'/MOM scheme and our simulations cover pion masses as light as 270 MeV and three values of the lattice spacing from {approx_equal}0.07 up to {approx_equal}0.1 fm. At the physical point our result for the corresponding tensor form factor at zero-momentum transfer is f{sub T}{sup K{pi}}(0)=0.417(14{sub stat})(5{sub syst}), where the systematic error does not include the effect of quenching the strange and charm quarks. Our result differs significantly from the old quenched result f{sub T}{sup K{pi}}(0)=0.78(6) obtained by the SPQ{sub cd}R Collaboration with pion masses above 500 MeV. We investigate the source of this difference and conclude that it is mainly related to the chiral extrapolation. We also study the tensor charge of the pion and obtain the value f{sub T}{sup {pi}{pi}}(0)=0.195(8{sub stat})(6{sub syst}) in good agreement with, but more accurate than the result f{sub T}{sup {pi}{pi}}(0)=0.216(34) obtained by the QCDSF Collaboration using higher pion masses.
Applications of the random matrix ensembles to the quantum statistical systems
Maciej M. Duras
2002-01-01
The random matrix ensembles are applied to the quantum statistical systems. The quantum systems are studied using the finite dimensional real, complex and quaternion Hilbert spaces of the eigenfunctions. The linear operators describing the systems act on these Hilbert spaces and they are treated as random matrices in generic bases of the eigenfunctions. The random eigenproblems are presented and solved.
Various applications of the random matrix ensembles to the quantum chaotic systems
Maciej M. Duras
2002-01-01
The random matrix ensembles are applied to the quantum chaotic systems. The quantum systems are studied using the finite dimensional real, complex and quaternion Hilbert spaces of the eigenfunctions. The linear operators describing the systems act on these Hilbert spaces and they are treated as random matrices in generic bases of the eigenfunctions. The random eigenproblems are presented and solved.
Liu, Xiaoji; Qin, Xiaolan
2015-01-01
We investigate additive properties of the generalized Drazin inverse in a Banach algebra A. We find explicit expressions for the generalized Drazin inverse of the sum a + b, under new conditions on a, b ? A. As an application we give some new representations for the generalized Drazin inverse of an operator matrix. PMID:25729767
Liu, Xiaoji; Qin, Xiaolan
2015-01-01
We investigate additive properties of the generalized Drazin inverse in a Banach algebra A. We find explicit expressions for the generalized Drazin inverse of the sum a + b, under new conditions on a, b ? A. As an application we give some new representations for the generalized Drazin inverse of an operator matrix. PMID:25729767
METCAN simulation of candidate metal matrix composites for high temperature applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Lee, Ho-Jun
1990-01-01
The METCAN (Metal Matrix Composite Analyzer) computer code is used to simulate the nonlinear behavior of select metal matrix composites in order to assess their potential for high temperature structural applications. Material properties for seven composites are generated at a fiber volume ratio of 0.33 for two bonding conditions (a perfect bond and a weak interphase case) at various temperatures. A comparison of the two bonding conditions studied shows a general reduction in value of all properties (except CTE) for the weak interphase case from the perfect bond case. However, in the weak interphase case, the residual stresses that develop are considerably less than those that form in the perfect bond case. Results of the computational simulation indicate that among the metal matrix composites examined, SiC/NiAl is the best candidate for high temperature applications at the given fiber volume ratio.
Dexterous Operations on ISS and Future Applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Keenan, P. Andrew; Read, David A.
2011-01-01
The Mobile Servicing System (MSS) is a complex robotics system used extensively in the assembly, inspection and maintenance of the International Space Station (ISS). Its external components are comprised of the Space Station Remote Manipulator System (SSRMS), the Mobile Base System (MBS), and the Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator (SPDM or "Dextre"). Dexterous robotic maintenance operations on the ISS are now enabled with the launch and deployment of "Dextre" in March 2008 and the recently completed commissioning to support nominal operations. These operations include allowing for maintenance of the MSS capability to be executed uniquely via robotic means. Examples are detailed inspection and the removal and replacement of On-orbit Replaceable Units (ORUs) located outside the pressurized volume of the ISS, alleviating astronauts from performing numerous risky and time-consuming extra-vehicular activities (EVAs). In light of the proposed extension of the ISS to 2020 and beyond, "Dextre" can also be seen as a resource for the support and conduct of external ISS experiments. "Dextre" can be utilized to move experiments around ISS, as test bed for more elaborate experiments outside the original design intent, and as a unique platform for external experiments. This paper summarizes the status of "Dextre", its planned use, and future potential for dexterous operations on the ISS. Lessons learned from the planning and execution of SPDM commissioning are first introduced, and significant differences between "Dextre" and SSRMS operations are discussed. The use of ground control as the predominant method for operating "Dextre" is highlighted, along with the benefits and challenges that this poses. Finally, the latest plans for dexterous operations on ISS are summarized including visiting vehicle unloading, nominal maintenance, and operations of a more experimental flavor.
A minicomputer interface for realtime operations: an application to operant conditioning.
Mayor, S J; Wilson, J
1975-09-01
A PDP-12 interface was designed, constructed, and tested for realtime imput and output of binary information. Within limits this interface can be used with any peripheral device which operates in the binary mode. In addition to its generality of application the interface features include ease of expansion and low cost. A description of its design and operation is give here is terms of a typical application: the control of behavioral equipment (i.e. "Skinner Boxes") for operant conditioning. PMID:1164844
Ceramic matrix composite applications in advanced liquid fuel rocket engine turbomachinery
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Brockmeyer, Jerry W.
1992-01-01
Fiber-reinforced ceramic matrix composites have been identified with properties suitable for near term applications. Conceptual design studies indicate the feasibility of applying C/SiC, and subelements were manufactured that verify selected fabrication features and key material properties. Tests and inspection of these subelements confirmed their capabilities.
A matrix Lie group of Carnot type for filiform subRiemannian structures and its application
Altafini, Claudio
A matrix Lie group of Carnot type for filiform subÂRiemannian structures and its application, 2000 Abstract A Carnot group G is a simply connected graded nilpotent Lie group endowed a left, we consider the Lie group of diffeomorphisms generated by the flows of the distribution and construct
Operational Applications of Satellite Snowcover Observations
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Rango, A. (editor); Peterson, R. (editor)
1980-01-01
The history of remote sensing of snow cover is reviewed and the following topics are covered: various techniques for interpreting LANDSAT and NOAA satellite data; the status of future systems for continuing snow hydrology applications; the use of snow cover observations in streamflow forecasts by Applications Systems Verification and Transfer participants and selected foreign investigators; and the benefits of using satellite snow cover data in runoff prediction.
Chen, Yanfeng; Liu, Ying; Allegood, Jeremy; Wang, Elaine; Cachón-González, Begoña; Cox, Timothy M; Merrill, Alfred H; Sullards, M Cameron
2010-01-01
Matrix deposition is a critical step in tissue imaging by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS). It greatly affects the quality of MALDI imaging, especially for the analytes (such as lipids) that may easily dissolve in the solvent used for the matrix application. This chapter describes the use of an oscillating capillary nebulizer (OCN) to spray small droplets of matrix aerosol onto the sample surface for improved matrix homogeneity, reduced crystal size, and controlled solvent effects. This protocol allows visualization of many different lipid species and, of particular interest, sphingolipids in tissue slices of Tay-Sachs/Sandhoff disease by imaging MALDI-MS. The structures of these lipids were identified by analysis of tissue extracts using electrospray ionization in conjunction with tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS and MS(3)). These results illustrate the usefulness of tissue imaging MALDI-MS with matrix deposition by OCN for the molecular analysis in normal physiology and pathology. In addition, the observation of numerous lipid subclasses with distinct localizations in the brain slices demonstrates that imaging MALDI-MS could be effectively used for "lipidomic" studies. PMID:20680588
Deljavan, Reza; Sadeghi-Bazargani, Homayoun; Fouladi, Nasrin; Arshi, Shahnam; Mohammadi, Reza
2012-01-01
Background Little has been done to investigate the application of injury specific qualitative research methods in the field of burn injuries. The aim of this study was to use an analytical tool (Haddon’s matrix) through qualitative research methods to better understand people’s perceptions about burn injuries. Methods This study applied Haddon’s matrix as a framework and an analytical tool for a qualitative research methodology in burn research. Both child and adult burn injury victims were enrolled into a qualitative study conducted using focus group discussion. Haddon’s matrix was used to develop an interview guide and also through the analysis phase. Results The main analysis clusters were pre-event level/human (including risky behaviors, belief and cultural factors, and knowledge and education), pre-event level/object, pre-event phase/environment and event and post-event phase (including fire control, emergency scald and burn wound management, traditional remedies, medical consultation, and severity indicators). This research gave rise to results that are possibly useful both for future injury research and for designing burn injury prevention plans. Conclusion Haddon’s matrix is applicable in a qualitative research methodology both at data collection and data analysis phases. The study using Haddon’s matrix through a qualitative research methodology yielded substantially rich information regarding burn injuries that may possibly be useful for prevention or future quantitative research. PMID:22866013
J. Ablinger; A. Behring; J. Blümlein; A. De Freitas; A. von Manteuffel; C. Schneider
2015-09-28
Three loop ladder and $V$-topology diagrams contributing to the massive operator matrix element $A_{Qg}$ are calculated. The corresponding objects can all be expressed in terms of nested sums and recurrences depending on the Mellin variable $N$ and the dimensional parameter $\\varepsilon$. Given these representations, the desired Laurent series expansions in $\\varepsilon$ can be obtained with the help of our computer algebra toolbox. Here we rely on generalized hypergeometric functions and Mellin-Barnes representations, on difference ring algorithms for symbolic summation, on an optimized version of the multivariate Almkvist-Zeilberger algorithm for symbolic integration, and on new methods to calculate Laurent series solutions of coupled systems of differential equations. The solutions can be computed for general coefficient matrices directly for any basis also performing the expansion in the dimensional parameter in case it is expressible in terms of indefinite nested product-sum expressions. This structural result is based on new results of our difference ring theory. In the cases discussed we deal with iterative sum- and integral-solutions over general alphabets. The final results are expressed in terms of special sums, forming quasi-shuffle algebras, such as nested harmonic sums, generalized harmonic sums, and nested binomially weighted (cyclotomic) sums. Analytic continuations to complex values of $N$ are possible through the recursion relations obeyed by these quantities and their analytic asymptotic expansions. The latter lead to a host of new constants beyond the multiple zeta values, the infinite generalized harmonic and cyclotomic sums in the case of $V$-topologies.
LASER APPLICATIONS AND OTHER TOPICS IN QUANTUM ELECTRONICS: Matrix laser IR-visible image converter
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lipatov, N. I.; Biryukov, A. S.
2006-04-01
A new type of a focal matrix IR-visible image converter is proposed. The pixel IR detectors of the matrix are tunable microcavities of VCSEL (vertical-cavity surface emitting laser) semiconductor microstructures. The image conversion is performed due to the displacements of highly reflecting cavity mirrors caused by thermoelastic stresses in their microsuspensions appearing upon absorption of IR radiation. Analysis of the possibilities of the converter shows that its sensitivity is 10-3-10-2 K and the time response is 10-4-10-3 s. These characteristics determine the practical application of the converter.
Ensemble Prediction System Matrix: Characteristics of Operational Ensemble Prediction Systems (EPS)
NSDL National Science Digital Library
2014-09-14
This one-stop Ensemble Model Matrix provides information on the configurations of the NCEP Short-Range Ensemble Forecast (SREF) and Medium-Range Ensemble Forecast (MREF) systems. Information on ensemble perturbation methods; NWP model resolution, dynamics, physics (precipitation, radiation, land surface and turbulence); and ensemble post-processing and verification links are provided. As the ensemble prediction systems (EPSs) are improved, the information in the Ensemble Model Matrix will be updated. Additionally, as new EPSs are added to AWIPS, we will add new columns to the Ensemble Model Matrix.
Applicability and operational criteria of ALOS for natural disaster reduction
Hiroshi Ohkura
2000-01-01
ALOS has optical and L-band SAR systems the same as JERS-1. The advantage of ALOS to applications of disaster observation compared with JERS-1 is discussed. Operational criteria of ALOS for the observations are presented
30 CFR 778.11 - Providing applicant and operator information.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-07-01
...PERMITS AND COAL EXPLORATION SYSTEMS UNDER REGULATORY PROGRAMS...applicant's and operator's organizational structure, up to and including...ownership and location in the organizational structure. (3) The date the...
30 CFR 778.11 - Providing applicant and operator information.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-07-01
...PERMITS AND COAL EXPLORATION SYSTEMS UNDER REGULATORY PROGRAMS...applicant's and operator's organizational structure, up to and including...ownership and location in the organizational structure. (3) The date the...
Hypermedia and intelligent tutoring applications in a mission operations environment
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Ames, Troy; Baker, Clifford
1990-01-01
Hypermedia, hypertext and Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS) applications to support all phases of mission operations are investigated. The application of hypermedia and ITS technology to improve system performance and safety in supervisory control is described - with an emphasis on modeling operator's intentions in the form of goals, plans, tasks, and actions. Review of hypermedia and ITS technology is presented as may be applied to the tutoring of command and control languages. Hypertext based ITS is developed to train flight operation teams and System Test and Operation Language (STOL). Specific hypermedia and ITS application areas are highlighted, including: computer aided instruction of flight operation teams (STOL ITS) and control center software development tools (CHIMES and STOL Certification Tool).
Basic MATLAB Programming MATLAB is a matrix-based language. Since operations may be
Lega, Joceline
. The reader is encouraged to use the Help Graphic User Interface (GUI) for further information. 1. Defining returns the eigenvalues of a square matrix M, det returns its determinant and trace its trace. (a) Find
Mijares Cervantes, Gerardo
1983-01-01
first partial derivatives are also continuous functions. ln addition to this, the use of the Jacobian method of determinants to minimize the number of computer solutions required to evaluate the elements of the relative gain matrix numerically... of the Jacobian Determinant Method to Evaluate the Elements of the Relative Gain Matrix. . . . . . . . Evaluation of the Relative Gains for a Binary System. . . . . . . . . . . . . Evaluation of the Relative Gains for a Ternary System...
A creep model for metallic composites based on matrix testing: Application to Kanthal composites
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Binienda, W. K.; Robinson, D. N.; Arnold, S. M.; Bartolotta, Paul A.
1990-01-01
An anisotropic creep model is formulated for metallic composites with strong fibers and low to moderate fiber volume percent (less than 40 percent). The idealization admits no creep in the local fiber direction and assumes equal creep strength in longitudinal and transverse shear. Identification of the matrix behavior with that of the isotropic limit of the theory permits characterization of the composite through uniaxial creep tests on the matrix material. Constant and step-wise creep tests are required as a data base. The model provides an upper bound on the transverse creep strength of a composite having strong fibers embedded in a particular matrix material. Comparison of the measured transverse strength with the upper bound gives an assessment of the integrity of the composite. Application is made to a Kanthal composite, a model high-temperature composite system. Predictions are made of the creep response of fiber reinforced Kanthal tubes under interior pressure.
Application of adjoint operators to neural learning
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Barhen, J.; Toomarian, N.; Gulati, S.
1990-01-01
A technique for the efficient analytical computation of such parameters of the neural architecture as synaptic weights and neural gain is presented as a single solution of a set of adjoint equations. The learning model discussed concentrates on the adiabatic approximation only. A problem of interest is represented by a system of N coupled equations, and then adjoint operators are introduced. A neural network is formalized as an adaptive dynamical system whose temporal evolution is governed by a set of coupled nonlinear differential equations. An approach based on the minimization of a constrained neuromorphic energylike function is applied, and the complete learning dynamics are obtained as a result of the calculations.
APPLICATION FOR LANDFILL OPERATOR CERTIFICATION First Middle Last
Arnold, Jonathan
APPLICATION FOR LANDFILL OPERATOR CERTIFICATION Name: First Middle Last Job Title: Social Security an accredited GED prgrm. Date graduated: and 2. Operated or managed a landfill in Georgia for at least six months (date started: ) or Be employed by the State of Ga. for the purpose of conducting landfill
Debugging the Time Warp Operating System and Its Application Programs
California at Los Angeles, University of
Debugging the Time Warp Operating System and Its Application Programs Peter L. Reiher Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology 4800 Oak Grove Drive Pasadena, CA 91109 reiher UCLA Los Angeles, CA 90024 jefferson@lanai.cs.ucla.edu Abstract The Time Warp Operating System (TWOS
HTGR Industrial Application Functional and Operational Requirements
L. E. Demick
2010-08-01
This document specifies the functional and performance requirements to be used in the development of the conceptual design of a high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) based plant supplying energy to a typical industrial facility. These requirements were developed from collaboration with industry and HTGR suppliers over the preceding three years to identify the energy needs of industrial processes for which the HTGR technology is technically and economically viable. The functional and performance requirements specified herein are an effective representation of the industrial sector energy needs and an effective basis for developing a conceptual design of the plant that will serve the broadest range of industrial applications.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Haxton, Wick; Lunardini, Cecilia
2008-09-01
Semi-leptonic electroweak interactions in nuclei—such as ? decay, ? capture, charged- and neutral-current neutrino reactions, and electron scattering—are described by a set of multipole operators carrying definite parity and angular momentum, obtained by projection from the underlying nuclear charge and three-current operators. If these nuclear operators are approximated by their one-body forms and expanded in the nucleon velocity through order |p?|/M, where p? and M are the nucleon momentum and mass, a set of seven multipole operators is obtained. Nuclear structure calculations are often performed in a basis of Slater determinants formed from harmonic oscillator orbitals, a choice that allows translational invariance to be preserved. Harmonic-oscillator single-particle matrix elements of the multipole operators can be evaluated analytically and expressed in terms of finite polynomials in q, where q is the magnitude of the three-momentum transfer. While results for such matrix elements are available in tabular form, with certain restriction on quantum numbers, the task of determining the analytic form of a response function can still be quite tedious, requiring the folding of the tabulated matrix elements with the nuclear density matrix, and subsequent algebra to evaluate products of operators. Here we provide a Mathematica script for generating these matrix elements, which will allow users to carry out all such calculations by symbolic manipulation. This will eliminate the errors that may accompany hand calculations and speed the calculation of electroweak nuclear cross sections and rates. We illustrate the use of the new script by calculating the cross sections for charged- and neutral-current neutrino scattering in 12C. Program summaryProgram title: SevenOperators Catalogue identifier: AEAY_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEAY_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Standard CPC licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 2227 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 19 382 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: Mathematica Computer: Any computer running Mathematica; tested on Mac OS X PowerPC (32-bit) running Mathematica 6.0.0 Operating system: Any running Mathematica RAM: Memory requirements determined by Mathematica; 512 MB or greater RAM and hard drive space of at least 3.0 GB recommended Classification: 17.16, 17.19 Nature of problem: Algebraic evaluation of harmonic oscillator nuclear matrix elements for the one-body multipole operators governing semi-leptonic weak interactions, such as charged- or neutral-current neutrino scattering off nuclei. Solution method: Mathematica evaluation of associated angular momentum algebra and spherical Bessel function radial integrals. Running time: Depends on the complexity of the one-body density matrix employed, but times of a few seconds are typical.
Artificial intelligence program in a computer application supporting reactor operations
Stratton, R.C.; Town, G.G.
1985-01-01
Improving nuclear reactor power plant operability is an ever-present concern for the nuclear industry. The definition of plant operability involves a complex interaction of the ideas of reliability, safety, and efficiency. This paper presents observations concerning the issues involved and the benefits derived from the implementation of a computer application which combines traditional computer applications with artificial intelligence (AI) methodologies. A system, the Component Configuration Control System (CCCS), is being installed to support nuclear reactor operations at the Experimental Breeder Reactor II.
Yang, Jinsong
2015-01-01
To adopt a practical method to calculate the action of geometrical operators on quantum states is a crucial task in loop quantum gravity. In the series of papers, we will introduce a graphical method, developed by Yutsis and Brink, to loop quantum gravity. The graphical method provides a very powerful technique for simplifying complicated calculations. In this first paper, the closed formula of volume operator is derived via the graphical method. By employing suitable and non-ambiguous graphs to represent the acting of operators as well as the spin network states, we use the simple rules for transforming graphs to yield the resulting formula. Comparing with the complicated algebraic derivation in some literatures, our procedure is more concise, intuitive and visual. The resulting matrix elements of volume operator is compact and uniform, fitting for both gauge-invariant and gauge-variant spin network states.
Jinsong Yang; Yongge Ma
2015-06-11
To adopt a practical method to calculate the action of geometrical operators on quantum states is a crucial task in loop quantum gravity. In the series of papers, we will introduce a graphical method, developed by Yutsis and Brink, to loop quantum gravity. The graphical method provides a very powerful technique for simplifying complicated calculations. In this first paper, the closed formula of volume operator is derived via the graphical method. By employing suitable and non-ambiguous graphs to represent the acting of operators as well as the spin network states, we use the simple rules for transforming graphs to yield the resulting formula. Comparing with the complicated algebraic derivation in some literatures, our procedure is more concise, intuitive and visual. The resulting matrix elements of volume operator is compact and uniform, fitting for both gauge-invariant and gauge-variant spin network states.
Expert systems applications in power system planning and operations
Adapa, R.
1994-02-01
This article addresses the use of software tools by engineers, operators, and planners to handle complex issues in less amounts of time. The topics of the article include applications of artificial intelligence (AI) in power system operations applications such as customer restoration and fault testing, voltage and VAR dispatch, dynamic security analysis, voltage collapse, control center load management assistance, optimal power flow, and power system restoration; and applications in power system planning such as training, data verification, stability studies, load forecasting, outage scheduling, ranking of alternatives, power transaction evaluation, and evaluation of third-party generation alternatives.
The application of CRM to military operations
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Cavanagh, Dale E.; Williams, Kenneth R.
1987-01-01
The detailed content of the CRM training component of the C-5 Aircrew Training System (ATS) was left to the discretion of the contractor. As a part of determining what the content should be, United Airlines Services Corporation has made an effort to understand how the needs of MAC crews compare with those of civilian airline crews. There are distinct similarities between the crew roles in the cockpits of civilian airliners and military air transports. Many of the attitudes and behaviors exhibited by civil and military crew members are comparable, hence much of the training in the field referred to as Cockpit Resource Management (CRM) is equally appropriate to civil or military aircrews. At the same time, there are significant differences which require assessment to determine if modifications to what might be termed generic CRM are necessary. The investigation enabled the definition and specification of CRM training which is believed to address the needs of the C-5 operational community. The study has concentrated largely on military airlift, but the training objectives and course content of the CRM training are readily adaptable to a wider range of military cockpits than are found in strategic airlift. For instance, CRM training focusing on communication, leadership, situational awareness, and crew coordination is just as appropriate, with some modification, to the pilots manning a flight to Tactical Airlift Command A-7's as it is to the pilots, flight engineers, and loadmasters crewing a C-5.
Pollution prevention applications in batch manufacturing operations
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sykes, Derek W.; O'Shaughnessy, James
2004-02-01
Older, "low-tech" batch manufacturing operations are often fertile grounds for gains resulting from pollution prevention techniques. This paper presents a pollution prevention technique utilized for wastewater discharge permit compliance purposes at a batch manufacturer of detergents, deodorants, and floor-care products. This manufacturer generated industrial wastewater as a result of equipment rinses required after each product batch changeover. After investing a significant amount of capital on end of pip-line wastewater treatment technology designed to address existing discharge limits, this manufacturer chose to investigate alternate, low-cost approaches to address anticipated new permit limits. Mass balances using spreadsheets and readily available formulation and production data were conducted on over 300 products to determine how each individual product contributed to the total wastewater pollutant load. These mass balances indicated that 22 products accounted for over 55% of the wastewater pollutant. Laboratory tests were conducted to determine whether these same products could accept their individual changeover rinse water as make-up water in formulations without sacrificing product quality. This changeover reuse technique was then implement at the plant scale for selected products. Significant reductions in wastewater volume (25%) and wastewater pollutant loading (85+%) were realized as a direct result of this approach.
Novel ceramic-matrix composites for deep-submergence pressure-vessel applications. Final report
J. D. Stachiw; T. J. Henderson; C. A. Anderson
1991-01-01
Novel ceramic matrix composite tubes for deep submergence pressure vessel applications have been fabricated by the DIMOX directed metal oxidation process. These silicon carbides\\/aluminum oxides composite tubes have an eight percent lower weight to displacement ratio, approximately five times greater thermal conductivity, and more than 50% higher fracture toughness than a tube fabricated from alumina ceramics. Additionally, the SiC\\/Al2O3 composite
Object-oriented electrodynamic S-matrix code with modern applications
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yuffa, Alex J.; Scales, John A.
2012-05-01
The S-matrix algorithm for the propagation of an electromagnetic wave through planar stratified media has been implemented in a modern object-oriented programing language. This implementation is suitable for the study of such applications as the Anderson localization of light and super-resolution (perfect lensing). For our open-source code to be as useful as possible to the scientific community, we paid particular attention to the pathological cases that arise in the limit of vanishing absorption.
Application of multiple-error-correcting binary BCH codes to optical matrix-vector multipliers
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Caglar, A. Tankut; Krile, Thomas F.; Walkup, John F.
1996-06-01
The application of multiple error-correction codes to optical matrix-vector multipliers (OMVMs) can improve the computational accuracy level of these processors. A binary Bose Ray-Chaudhuri (BCH) code was applied to a simulated mod-2 OMVM. Based on the results obtained from the simulations, the conditions under which the use of such error-correction coding is feasible in OMVMs are discussed.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Rodriguez, G.; Kreutz, K.
1988-01-01
This report advances a linear operator approach for analyzing the dynamics of systems of joint-connected rigid bodies.It is established that the mass matrix M for such a system can be factored as M=(I+H phi L)D(I+H phi L) sup T. This yields an immediate inversion M sup -1=(I-H psi L) sup T D sup -1 (I-H psi L), where H and phi are given by known link geometric parameters, and L, psi and D are obtained recursively by a spatial discrete-step Kalman filter and by the corresponding Riccati equation associated with this filter. The factors (I+H phi L) and (I-H psi L) are lower triangular matrices which are inverses of each other, and D is a diagonal matrix. This factorization and inversion of the mass matrix leads to recursive algortihms for forward dynamics based on spatially recursive filtering and smoothing. The primary motivation for advancing the operator approach is to provide a better means to formulate, analyze and understand spatial recursions in multibody dynamics. This is achieved because the linear operator notation allows manipulation of the equations of motion using a very high-level analytical framework (a spatial operator algebra) that is easy to understand and use. Detailed lower-level recursive algorithms can readily be obtained for inspection from the expressions involving spatial operators. The report consists of two main sections. In Part 1, the problem of serial chain manipulators is analyzed and solved. Extensions to a closed-chain system formed by multiple manipulators moving a common task object are contained in Part 2. To retain ease of exposition in the report, only these two types of multibody systems are considered. However, the same methods can be easily applied to arbitrary multibody systems formed by a collection of joint-connected regid bodies.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Hribar, V. F.; Bauer, J. L.; O'Donnell, T. P.
1986-01-01
Five black electrically conductive thermal-control coatings have been formulated and tested for application on the Galileo spacecraft. The coatings consisted of organic and inorganic systems applied on titanium and aluminum surfaces. The coatings were tested under simulated space environment conditions. Coated specimens were subjected to thermal radiation and convective and conductive heating from -196 to 538 C. Mechanical, physical, thermal, electrical, and optical characteristics, formulation, mixing, application, surface preparation of substrates, and a method of determining electrical resistance are presented for the silicone matrix formulation designated as GF-580.
14 CFR 331.25 - To what address must operators or providers send their applications?
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-01-01
...false To what address must operators or providers send their applications? 331.25...GENERAL AVIATION OPERATORS AND SERVICE PROVIDERS IN THE WASHINGTON, DC AREA Application...25 To what address must operators or providers send their applications?...
47 CFR 0.483 - Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-10-01
...Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses. 0.483 Section...Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses. (a) Application filing procedures for amateur radio operator licenses are set forth in...
47 CFR 0.483 - Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-10-01
... false Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses. 0...0.483 Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses. (a...Application filing procedures for amateur radio operator licenses are...
47 CFR 0.483 - Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-10-01
... false Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses. 0...0.483 Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses. (a...Application filing procedures for amateur radio operator licenses are...
47 CFR 0.483 - Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-10-01
... false Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses. 0...0.483 Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses. (a...Application filing procedures for amateur radio operator licenses are...
47 CFR 0.483 - Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-10-01
... false Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses. 0...0.483 Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses. (a...Application filing procedures for amateur radio operator licenses are...
Basic MATLAB Programming MATLAB is a matrix-based language. Since operations may be
Lega, Joceline
. The reader is encouraged to use the Help Graphic User Interface for further information. 1. Defining a row) The MATLAB function eig returns the eigenvalues of a square matrix M, det returns its determinant and trace its trace. (a) Find the eigenvalues of D and M defined above. Does MATLAB give you the right anser? (b
14 CFR 135.4 - Applicability of rules for eligible on-demand operations.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-01-01
...Applicability of rules for eligible on-demand operations. 135.4 Section 135...OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: COMMUTER AND ON DEMAND OPERATIONS AND RULES GOVERNING PERSONS...Applicability of rules for eligible on-demand operations. (a) An “eligible...
Starkov, A. S.; Starkov, I. A.
2014-11-15
It is proposed to use a generalized matrix averaging (GMA) method for calculating the parameters of an effective medium with physical properties equivalent to those of a set of thin multiferroic layers. This approach obviates the need to solve a complex system of magnetoelectroelasticity equations. The required effective characteristics of a system of multiferroic layers are obtained using only operations with matrices, which significantly simplifies calculations and allows multilayer systems to be described. The proposed approach is applicable to thin-layer systems, in which the total thickness is much less than the system length, radius of curvature, and wavelengths of waves that can propagate in the system (long-wave approximation). Using the GMA method, it is also possible to obtain the effective characteristics of a periodic structure with each period comprising a number of thin multiferroic layers.
The Application of Architecture Frameworks to Modelling Exploration Operations Costs
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Shishko, Robert
2006-01-01
Developments in architectural frameworks and system-of-systems thinking have provided useful constructs for systems engineering. DoDAF concepts, language, and formalisms, in particular, provide a natural way of conceptualizing an operations cost model applicable to NASA's space exploration vision. Not all DoDAF products have meaning or apply to a DoDAF inspired operations cost model, but this paper describes how such DoDAF concepts as nodes, systems, and operational activities relate to the development of a model to estimate exploration operations costs. The paper discusses the specific implementation to the Mission Operations Directorate (MOD) operational functions/activities currently being developed and presents an overview of how this powerful representation can apply to robotic space missions as well.
Applications of Laplace-Beltrami operator for Jack polynomials
Wuxing Cai; Naihuan Jing
2011-05-30
We use a new method to study the Laplace-Beltrami type operator on the Fock space of symmetric functions, and as an example of our explicit computation we show that the Jack symmetric functions are the only family of eigenvectors of the differential operator. As applications of this explicit method we find a combinatorial formula for Jack symmetric functions and the Littlewood-Richardson coefficients in the Jack case. As further applications, we obtain a new determinantal formula for Jack symmetric functions. We also obtained a generalized raising operator formula for Jack symmetric functions, and a formula for the explicit action of Virasoro operators. Special cases of our formulas imply Mimachi-Yamada's result on Jack symmetric functions of rectangular shapes, as well as the explicit formula for Jack functions of two rows or two columns.
Actively Cooled Ceramic Matrix Composite Concepts for High Heat Flux Applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Eckel, Andrew J.; Jaskowiak, Martha H.; Dickens, Kevin
2004-01-01
High temperature composite heat exchangers are an enabling technology for a number of aeropropulsion applications. They offer the potential for mass reductions of greater than fifty percent over traditional metallics designs and enable vehicle and engine designs. Since they offer the ability to operate at significantly higher operating temperatures, they facilitate operation at reduced coolant flows and make possible temporary uncooled operation in temperature regimes, such as experienced during vehicle reentry, where traditional heat exchangers require coolant flow. This reduction in coolant requirements can translate into enhanced range or system payload. A brief review of the approaches, challenges and test results are presented, along with a status of recent government-funded projects.
Evaluation of the Trajectory Operations Applications Software Task (TOAST)
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Perkins, Sharon; Martin, Andrea; Bavinger, Bill
1990-01-01
The Trajectory Operations Applications Software Task (TOAST) is a software development project under the auspices of the Mission Operations Directorate. Its purpose is to provide trajectory operation pre-mission and real-time support for the Space Shuttle program. As an Application Manager, TOAST provides an isolation layer between the underlying Unix operating system and the series of user programs. It provides two main services: a common interface to operating system functions with semantics appropriate for C or FORTRAN, and a structured input and output package that can be utilized by user application programs. In order to evaluate TOAST as an Application Manager, the task was to assess current and planned capabilities, compare capabilities to functions available in commercially-available off the shelf (COTS) and Flight Analysis Design System (FADS) users for TOAST implementation. As a result of the investigation, it was found that the current version of TOAST is well implemented and meets the needs of the real-time users. The plans for migrating TOAST to the X Window System are essentially sound; the Executive will port with minor changes, while Menu Handler will require a total rewrite. A series of recommendations for future TOAST directions are included.
Analytical expression of s-th power of Gram matrix for group covariant signals and its application
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Usuda, T. S.; Shiromoto, K.
2011-10-01
Analytical expression of s-th power of the Gram matrix is shown when the quantum signals are group covariant. An application of the formula to coded quantum signals by classical linear codes over a finite field is also shown.
Protein crystallization with microseed matrix screening: application to human germline antibody Fabs
Obmolova, Galina Malia, Thomas J.; Teplyakov, Alexey; Sweet, Raymond W.; Gilliland, Gary L.
2014-07-23
The power of microseed matrix screening is demonstrated in the crystallization of a panel of antibody Fab fragments. The crystallization of 16 human antibody Fab fragments constructed from all pairs of four different heavy chains and four different light chains was enabled by employing microseed matrix screening (MMS). In initial screening, diffraction-quality crystals were obtained for only three Fabs, while many Fabs produced hits that required optimization. Application of MMS, using the initial screens and/or refinement screens, resulted in diffraction-quality crystals of these Fabs. Five Fabs that failed to give hits in the initial screen were crystallized by cross-seeding MMS followed by MMS optimization. The crystallization protocols and strategies that resulted in structure determination of all 16 Fabs are presented. These results illustrate the power of MMS and provide a basis for developing future strategies for macromolecular crystallization.
Development of damped metal-matrix composites for advanced structural applications. Technical report
Updike, C.A.; Bhagat, R.B.
1990-04-01
The development of damped metal matrix composite structures for advanced applications has been investigated by the use of two different approaches: (1) the development of metal matrix composites with high intrinsic damping compared to that of the matrix material, and (2) the development of coated metal matrix composites with high structural damping compared to that of the composite substrates. The two different approaches are analyzed in terms of their potential for improved damping and feasibility for structural applications. Damping was measured by the transverse vibration of free-free beams using the bandwidth technique by a laser vibrometer under ambient conditions. The damping measurements were made over a wide range of frequencies (.7 kHz to 25.6 kHz) at low strain amplitudes (10 to the -10 power to 10 to the -7 power). Materials investigated for their tensile stiffness, strength, and damping performance include mechanically alloyed (MA) Aluminum-Magnesium, SiC(p)/Aluminum-Copper (MA), SiC(p)/AL, AL2O3(p)/AL, SiC(W)/AL, planar random Gr/AL, unidirectional Gr/AL and unidirectional SiC(Nicalon)/AL composites. The effects of coatings of high damping metals (nitinol and incramute) on 6061-T6 AL and AL2O3(p)/AL substrates have also been studied. The AL-Mg (MA), SiC(p)/AL (MA), SiC(W)/AL and th AL2O3(p)/AL composites show no significant improvement in damping compared with that of the 6061-T6 AL.
Shimma, Shuichi; Takashima, Yuki; Hashimoto, Jun; Yonemori, Kan; Tamura, Kenji; Hamada, Akinobu
2013-12-01
Mass spectrometry (MS) was used to measure the concentrations of drug and biological compounds in plasma and tissues. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) imaging MS (IMS) has recently been applied to the analysis of localized drugs on biological tissue surfaces. In MALDI-IMS, matrix application process is crucial for successful results. However, it is difficult to obtain homogeneous matrix crystals on the tissue surface due to endogenous salts and tissue surface heterogeneity. Consequently, the non-uniform crystals degrade the quality of the spectrum and likely cause surface imaging artifacts. Furthermore, the direct application of matrix solution can cause tissue shrinkage due to the organic solvents. Here, we report an alternative two-step matrix application protocol which combines the vacuum deposition of matrix crystals and the spraying of matrix solution to produce a homogeneous matrix layer on the tissue surface. Our proposed technique can also prevent cracking or shrinking of the tissue samples and improve the ionization efficiency of the distributed exogenous material. PMID:24338883
Web Application Software for Ground Operations Planning Database (GOPDb) Management
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Lanham, Clifton; Kallner, Shawn; Gernand, Jeffrey
2013-01-01
A Web application facilitates collaborative development of the ground operations planning document. This will reduce costs and development time for new programs by incorporating the data governance, access control, and revision tracking of the ground operations planning data. Ground Operations Planning requires the creation and maintenance of detailed timelines and documentation. The GOPDb Web application was created using state-of-the-art Web 2.0 technologies, and was deployed as SaaS (Software as a Service), with an emphasis on data governance and security needs. Application access is managed using two-factor authentication, with data write permissions tied to user roles and responsibilities. Multiple instances of the application can be deployed on a Web server to meet the robust needs for multiple, future programs with minimal additional cost. This innovation features high availability and scalability, with no additional software that needs to be bought or installed. For data governance and security (data quality, management, business process management, and risk management for data handling), the software uses NAMS. No local copy/cloning of data is permitted. Data change log/tracking is addressed, as well as collaboration, work flow, and process standardization. The software provides on-line documentation and detailed Web-based help. There are multiple ways that this software can be deployed on a Web server to meet ground operations planning needs for future programs. The software could be used to support commercial crew ground operations planning, as well as commercial payload/satellite ground operations planning. The application source code and database schema are owned by NASA.
Solutions of the equation of radiative transfer by matrix operator techniques
Catchings, Frances Eugenia King
1973-01-01
by the numerous small angle scattering events with haze M compared to Rayleigh scattering. Seen in columns five and six of Table I is the cloud albedo which is the upward flux emerging from the scattering layer per in- cident flux when A = 0. Because... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1973 Major Subject: physics SOLUTIONS 0& THF, EQUATION OF RADIATIVE TRANSFER RY MATRIX OPFRATOR TECHNIOUES A Thesis by BUINCES EUGENIA KING CATCHINGS Approved as to style and content by (C irman of Committee) (Head...
The O(?s3TF2) contributions to the gluonic operator matrix element
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ablinger, J.; Blümlein, J.; De Freitas, A.; Hasselhuhn, A.; von Manteuffel, A.; Round, M.; Schneider, C.
2014-08-01
The O(?s3TF2CF(CA)) contributions to the transition matrix element Agg,Q relevant for the variable flavor number scheme at 3-loop order are calculated. The corresponding graphs contain two massive fermion lines of equal mass leading to terms given by inverse binomially weighted sums beyond the usual harmonic sums. In x-space two root-valued letters contribute in the iterated integrals in addition to those forming the harmonic polylogarithms. We outline technical details needed in the calculation of graphs of this type, which are as well of importance in the case of two different internal massive lines.
Operating System Support for Task-Aware Applications
Ferreira, Paulo
should know, based on the users previous activity which task, or at least which set of tasks, the userOperating System Support for Task-Aware Applications Jo~ao Garcia and Paulo Ferreira Distributed systems, such as UNIX and Microsoft Windows, base their user interaction on the manipulation
Operator Theory: Advances and Applications, Vol. 228, 127150
Grudsky, Sergei
the symbols above may look a bit artificially complicated, there are some problems of mathematical physics and Hankel Operators with Oscillatory Symbols Containing Blaschke Products and Applications to the Kd with oscillating symbols containing such quotients. As a by-product we obtain a well-posedness result
Interactive intelligent remote operations: application to space robotics
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Dupuis, Erick; Gillett, G. R.; Boulanger, Pierre; Edwards, Eric; Lipsett, Michael G.
1999-11-01
A set of tolls addressing the problems specific to the control and monitoring of remote robotic systems from extreme distances has been developed. The tools include the capability to model and visualize the remote environment, to generate and edit complex task scripts, to execute the scripts to supervisory control mode and to monitor and diagnostic equipment from multiple remote locations. Two prototype systems are implemented for demonstration. The first demonstration, using a prototype joint design called Dexter, shows the applicability of the approach to space robotic operation in low Earth orbit. The second demonstration uses a remotely controlled excavator in an operational open-pit tar sand mine. This demonstrates that the tools developed can also be used for planetary exploration operations as well as for terrestrial mining applications.
Operational Application of Envisat ASAR in Tropical Production Forest
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Raimadoya, M.; Trisasongko, B.
2003-04-01
A joint research between European Space Agency (ESA) and Bogor Agricultural University (IPB), Indonesia, has been approved under Envisat AO (AO-ID 869). The research is intended to study the operational application of Advanced Synthetic-Aperture Radar (ASAR) for production forest management in Indonesia. Two test sites in forest plantation area of PT Riau Andalan Pulp and Paper (Riaupulp) in Riau Province, Central Sumatera, Indonesia, have been selected recently for the implementation of this joint research. This paper briefs the recent progress of this two-year research (2002-2004) activity. The main objective is to explore the potential of ASAR image analysis application, including POLINSAR, for better and more efficient operational management of tropical plantation forest and its environment. Several interesting operational applications have been identified for the test sites. First application is vegetative cover classification of Acacias, mixed hardwoods, shrubs, oil palms and bare lands. The second is biomass-related application, which study Envisat data on biomass monitoring related to forest plantation. The third is environmental study particularly for site degradation, including issues on monitoring of water bodies and burn site.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Abkowitz, Stanley; Abkowitz, Susan M.; Fisher, Harvey; Schwartz, Patricia J.
2004-05-01
Advanced powder-metallurgy technology has led to the development of the CermeTi® family of titanium metalmatrix composites. Reinforcing the titanium alloy matrix with titanium carbide or titanium boride particles results in superior properties. These discontinuously reinforced titanium composites have excellent room- and elevated-temperature properties and are exceptionally wear resistant. High quality, near-net shape CermeTi composite components are being produced commercially and are being evaluated for potential applications in military vehicles, commercial automotive engines, sporting goods, industrial tooling, and biomedical devices.
Centeno, Robert F
2009-04-01
Tissue engineering in aesthetic and reconstructive plastic surgery remains an elusive goal. The advent of Surgisis extracellular collagen matrix and its performance characteristics suggest that the use of a bioengineered tissue substitute can meet some of our reconstructive requirements. Incorporation and replacement by host tissue with minimal allergic or immune response seems to be achievable today. The ability to engineer the device, the ready availability of substrate, and its cost effectiveness support the use of Surgisis in aesthetic and reconstructive plastic surgery applications. Future product innovations and engineering seem promising. The permanent role of Surgisis in aesthetic and reconstructive plastic surgery will be determined by its documented long-term performance. PMID:19309648
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Rasheed, A.; Khalid, F. A.
2014-06-01
The polymeric matrix composites have found extensive applications in sports because of high strength to weight ratio, ease of processing, and longer life. This work was carried out to study the properties of different sections of composite field hockey sticks and the influence of carbon nanotubes on their properties. The samples were fabricated by compression molding process. The increase in mechanical properties by the incorporation of carbon nanotubes is correlated with the process parameters to consider enhancement in the overall performance of the stick sections.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Lee, C. T.
1975-01-01
Adopting the so-called genealogical construction, one can express the eigenstates of collective operators corresponding to a specified mode for an N-atom system in terms of those for an (N-1) atom system. Using these Dicke states as bases and using the Wigner-Eckart theorem, a matrix element of a collective operator of an arbitrary mode can be written as the product of an m-dependent factor and an m-independent reduced matrix element (RME). A set of recursion formulas for the RME is obtained. A graphical representation of the RME on the branching diagram for binary irreducible representations of permutation groups is then introduced. This gives a simple and systematic way of calculating the RME. This method is especially useful when the cooperation number r is close to N/2, where almost exact asymptotic expressions can be obtained easily. The result shows explicity the geometry dependence of superradiance and the relative importance of r-conserving and r-nonconserving processes.
Application of AI techniques to blast furnace operations
Iida, Osamu; Ushijima, Yuichi; Sawada, Toshiro
1995-10-01
It was during the first stages of application of artificial intelligence (AI) to industrial fields, that the ironmaking division of Mizushima works at Kawasaki Steel recognized its potential. Since that time, the division has sought applications for these techniques to solve various problems. AI techniques applied to control the No. 3 blast furnace operations at the Mizushima works include: Blast furnace control by a diagnostic type of expert system that gives guidance to the actions required for blast furnace operation as well as control of furnace heat by automatically setting blast temperature; Hot stove combustion control by a combination of fuzzy inference and a physical model to insure good thermal efficiency of the stove; and blast furnace burden control using neural networks makes it possible to connect the pattern of gas flow distribution with the condition of the furnace. Experience of AI to control the blast furnace and other ironmaking operations has proved its capability for achieving automation and increased operating efficiency. The benefits are very high. For these reasons, the applications of AI techniques will be extended in the future and new techniques studied to further improve the power of AI.
Ellingson, W. A.
1999-05-21
Monolithic structural ceramics and continuous fiber ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) are being developed for application in many thermally and chemically aggressive environments where structural reliability is paramount. We have recently developed advanced nondestructive evaluation (NDE) methods that can detect distributed ''defects'' such as density gradients and machining-induced damage in monolithic materials, as well as delamination, porosity, and throughwall cracks, in CMC materials. These advanced NDE methods utilize (a) high-resolution, high-sensitivity thermal imaging; (b) high-resolution X-ray imaging; (c) laser-based elastic optical scattering; (d) acoustic resonance; (e) air-coupled ultrasonic methods; and (f) high-sensitivity fluorescent penetrant technology. This paper discusses the development and application of these NDE methods relative to ceramic processing and ceramic components used in large-scale industrial gas turbines and hot gas filters for gas stream particulate cleanup.
Bloch, Jacques C.R.
ARTICLE IN PRESS COMPHY:3410 Please cite this article in press as: J. Bloch et al., An iterative method to compute the sign function of a non-Hermitian matrix and its application to the overlap Dirac operator at nonzero chemical potential, Computer Physics Communications (2007), doi:10.1016/j.cpc.2007
Larsen, J.M.; Russ, S.M.; Jones, J.W.
1995-12-01
The current capabilities of continuous silicon-carbide fiber-reinforced titanium matrix composites (TMCs) are reviewed with respect to application needs and compared to the capabilities of conventional high-temperature monolithic alloys and aluminides. In particular, the properties of a first-generation titanium aluminide composite, SCS-6/Ti-24Al-11Nb, and a second-generation metastable beta alloy composite, SCS-6/TIMETAL 21S, are compared with the nickel-base superalloy IN100, the high-temperature titanium alloy Ti-1100, and a relatively new titanium aluminide alloy. Emphasis is given to life-limiting cyclic and monotonic properties and to the influence of time-dependent deformation and environmental effects on these properties. The composite materials offer a wide range of performance capabilities, depending on laminate architecture. In many instances, unidirectional composites exhibit outstanding properties, although the same materials loaded transverse to the fiber direction typically exhibit very poor properties, primarily due to the weak fiber/matrix interface. Depending on the specific mechanical property under consideration, composite cross-ply laminates often show no improvement over the capability of conventional monolithic materials. Thus, it is essential that these composite materials be tailored to achieve a balance of properties suitable to the specific application needs if these materials are to be attractive candidates to replace more conventional materials.
The automated Matrix-Element reweighting and its applications at the LHC
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Mertens, Alexandre
2014-06-01
Given a sample of experimental events and a set of theoretical models, the matrix element method (MEM) is a procedure to select the most plausible model that governs the production of these events. From a theoretical point of view, it is probably the most powerful multi-variate analysis technique since it maximally uses the information contained in the Feynman amplitudes. This technique is now widely known since it has been used for the precision top mass measurement at Tevatron, for example. The MadWeight software is presented. MadWeight is a phase-space generator designed for the automated numerical estimation of matrix elements based on MadGraph amplitudes. With the modern computing resources, it allows the large-scale deployment of the MEM technique on high-statistics data and simulated samples. Several applications of the method at LHC are discussed, including the measurement of the spin and parity of the recently discovered boson, signal-to-background discrimination, full differential spectrum estimation and other promising applications.
Cryogenic system operating experience review for fusion applications
Cadwallader, L.C.
1992-01-01
This report presents a review of cryogenic system operating experiences, from particle accelerator, fusion experiment, space research, and other applications. Safety relevant operating experiences and accident information are discussed. Quantitative order-of-magnitude estimates of cryogenic component failure rates and accident initiating event frequencies are presented for use in risk assessment, reliability, and availability studies. Safety concerns with cryogenic systems are discussed, including ozone formation, effects of spills, and modeling spill behavior. This information should be useful to fusion system designers and safety analysts, such as the team working on the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor design.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Haslam, Jeffery John
1998-12-01
The need for improved fuel economy and reduced environmental emissions from power turbines has prompted the development of high temperature fiber composite materials. One use of these materials is for liners of the hot combustion regions of jet engines and land based power turbines. Stability of the composite materials against oxidative damage during long term use at high temperatures has motivated recent research into fiber composite materials composed entirely of oxide ceramics. All-oxide fiber reinforced composites containing porous, strongly bonded matrices have become of interest. The porosity provides for crack deflection along the fibers to prevent catastrophic failure of the fiber reinforcements. A new application of a processing method that produces evaporation/condensation sintering was employed to prevent shrinkage of the matrix. This processing method and the properties of the matrix, fibers, and composite were evaluated in this work. Producing a matrix without shrinkage is important to prevent undesirable crack-like voids from forming in the matrix. These voids are caused by constraint against shrinkage by the fiber reinforcements. Dry hydrogen chloride gas produced a reactive gas atmosphere that was used to sinter the zirconia particles with minimal shrinkage because the gas promotes evaporation/condensation sintering with zirconia. Sintering of samples that did not contain fiber reinforcements was studied to evaluate the properties of the matrix material. The sintering of monoclinic, tetragonal, and cubic zirconias in the reactive gas atmosphere was compared. Additions of mullite (which did not sinter significantly at processing temperatures) further reduced the shrinkage. The effects of the processing conditions on the sintering shrinkage, microstructure development, and mechanical properties were studied. Cubic and monoclinic zirconia coarsened significantly in the HCl gas sintering atmosphere. The coarsening of the particles during the sintering process produced a porous material that was resistant to densification when heat treated in air. Tetragonal zirconia did not coarsen due to an agglomerated microstructure. The mechanical properties generally followed a volume weighted rule of mixtures relationship with the quantity of zirconia. The effect of the sintering atmosphere on fiber properties and the mechanical properties of a fiber reinforced composite produced by this approach were also presented.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Rudowicz, C.; Chung, C. Y.
2004-08-01
Spherical (S) and tesseral (T) tensor operators (TOs) have been extensively used in, for example, EMR and optical spectroscopy of transition ions. To enable a systematic review of the published tables of the operators and their matrix elements (MEs) we have generated the relevant tables by computer, using Mathematica programs. Our review reveals several misprints/errors in the major sources of TTOs—the conventional Stevens operators (CSOs—components q\\ge 0 ) and the extended ones (ESOs—all q) for rank k = 2,4, and 6—as well as of some STOs with k\\le 8 . The implications of using incorrect operators and/or MEs for the reliability of EMR-related programs and interpretation of experimental data are discussed. Studies of high-spin complexes like Mn12 (S = 10) and Fe19 (S = 33/2) require operator and ME listings up to k = 2S, which are not presently available. Using the algorithms developed recently by Ryabov, the generalized ESOs and their MEs for arbitrary rank k and spin S are generated by computer, using Mathematica. The extended tables enable simulation of the energy levels for arbitrary spin systems and symmetry cases. Tables are provided for the ESOs not available in the literature, with odd k = 3,5, and 7 for completeness; however, for the newly generalized ESOs with the most useful even rank k = 8,10, and 12 only, in view of the large listings sizes. General source codes for the generation of the ESO listings and their ME tables are available from the authors.
Hewett, P. L., Jr.; Mitrani, J. E.; Metz, W. C.; Vercellone, J. J.; Decision and Information Sciences
2001-11-01
The Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness (CSEP) Program is a wide-ranging activity in support of a national initiative involving the U.S. Army Chemical Materiel Command (CMA), the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), 9 states, and 37 counties. Established in 1988, the CSEP Program enhances emergency planning for the unlikely event of a release of hazardous chemical weapons agent from one of the Army's chemical weapons storage installations currently storing chemical weapons. These obsolete weapons are scheduled to be destroyed; meanwhile, however, they pose a threat to installation workers and residents of the surrounding communities. Argonne's CSEP Program includes a variety of components that serve the needs of multiple program participants. Among the major activities are: (1) Development of the Emergency Planning Synchronization Matrix to facilitate integration of multi-jurisdictional emergency plans: (a) Coordinating, Integrating, and Synchronizing Disaster Response: Use of an Emergency Response Synchronization Matrix in Emergency Planning, Exercises, and Operations. A graphical depiction of the entire emergency response process via a synchronization matrix is an effective management tool for optimizing the design, exercise, and real-life implementation of emergency plans. This system-based approach to emergency planning depicts how a community organizes its response tasks across space and time. It gives responders the opportunity to make real-time adjustments to maximizing the often limited resources in protecting area residents. An effective response to any natural or technological hazard must involve the entire community and must not be limited by individual jurisdictions and organizations acting on their own without coordination, integration, and synchronization. An emergency response to an accidental release of chemical warfare agents from one of this nation's eight chemical weapons stockpile sites, like any other disaster response, is complex. It requires the rapid coordination, integration, and synchronization of multiple levels of governmental and nongovernmental organizations from numerous jurisdictions, each with varying response capabilities, into a unified community response. The community response actions occur in an area extending from an on-site storage location to points 25 or more miles away. Actions are directed and controlled by responding local governments and agencies situated within the response area, as well as by state and federal operations centers quite removed from the area of impact. Time is critical and the protection action decision-making process is greatly compressed. To ensure an effective response with minimal confusion, given the potential catastrophic nature of such releases, the response community must carefully synchronize response operations.
Spencer Operator and Applications: From Continuum Mechanics to Mathematical physics
Jean-François Pommaret
2011-01-01
The Spencer operator, introduced by D.C. Spencer fifty years ago, is rarely used in mathematics today and, up to our knowledge, has never been used in engineering applications or mathematical physics. The main purpose of this paper, an extended version of a lecture at the second workshop on Differential Equations by Algebraic Methods (DEAM2, february 9-11, 2011, Linz, Austria) is
Application of solid state lighting in aerial refueling operations
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Mangum, Scott; Singer, Jeffrey; Walker, Richard; Ferguson, Joseph; Kemp, Richard
2005-09-01
Operating at altitude and often in turbulent, low visibility conditions, in-flight refueling of aircraft is a challenging endeavor, even for seasoned aviators. The receiving aircraft must approach a large airborne tanker; take position within a "reception window" beneath and/or behind the tanker and, dependent upon the type of receiving aircraft, mate with an extended refueling boom or hose and drogue. Light is used to assist in the approach, alignment and refuel process of the aircraft. Robust solid state light emitting diodes (LEDs) are an appropriate choice for use in the challenging environments that these aircraft operate within. This paper examines how LEDs are incorporated into several unique lighting applications associated with such aerial refueling operations. We will discuss the design requirements, both environmental and photometric that defined the selection of different LED packages for use in state-of-the-art airborne refueling aircraft Formation Lights, Hose Drum/Drogue Unit lights and Pilot Director Lights.
New algorithm to calculate the covariance matrix of an arbitrary form of Gaussian state
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
He, Rui
2015-08-01
A new algorithm is put forward to calculate the covariance matrix of an arbitrary form of Gaussian state. Through this algorithm, we find the correlation between operator correlation matrix {\\varvec{? }} and covariance matrix {{V}} while {\\varvec{? }} can be provided by using IWOP technique in general. As an application of the algorithm, we give the covariance matrix of n-mode squeezed state successfully.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Krishnaswami, Govind S.
2008-04-01
We consider large-N multi-matrix models whose action closely mimics that of Yang-Mills theory, including gauge-fixing and ghost terms. We show that the factorized Schwinger-Dyson loop equations, expressed in terms of the generating series of gluon and ghost correlations G(?), are quadratic equations {\\cal S}^i G = G \\xi^i G in concatenation of correlations. The Schwinger-Dyson operator {\\cal S}^i is built from the left annihilation operator, which does not satisfy the Leibnitz rule with respect to concatenation. So the loop equations are not differential equations. We show that left annihilation is a derivation of the graded shuffle product of gluon and ghost correlations. The shuffle product is the point-wise product of Wilson loops, expressed in terms of correlations. So in the limit where concatenation is approximated by shuffle products, the loop equations become differential equations. Remarkably, the Schwinger-Dyson operator as a whole is also a derivation of the graded shuffle product. This allows us to turn the loop equations into linear equations for the shuffle reciprocal, which might serve as a starting point for an approximation scheme.
UV-patterned poly(ethylene glycol) matrix for microarray applications.
Larsson, Andréas; Du, Chun-Xia; Liedberg, Bo
2007-11-01
A versatile method to fabricate polymeric matrixes for microarray applications is demonstrated. Several different design strategies are presented where a variety of organic films, such as plastic polymers and self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on planar silica and gold substrates, act as supports for the graft polymerization procedure. An ensemble of poly(ethylene glycol) methacrylate monomers are combined to obtain a matrix with desired properties: low nonspecific binding and easily accessible groups for postimmobilization of ligands. The free radical graft polymerization process occurs under irradiation with UV light in the 254-266 nm range, which offers the possibility to introduce patterns by means of a photomask. The arrays are created on inert and homogeneous coatings prepared either by graft polymerization of a methoxy-terminated PEG-methacrylate or self-assembly of a methoxy-terminated oligo(ethylene glycol) thiol. Carboxylic acid groups, introduced in the array spots either during graft polymerization or upon wet chemical conversion of hydroxyls, grant the capability to immobilize proteins and other molecules via free amine groups. Immobilization of fluorescent species as well as biotin followed by exposure to a fluorescently labeled antibody directed toward biotin display both excellent integrity of the spots and low nonspecific binding to the surrounding framework. Beside patterns of uniform height and size, an array of spots with varying thickness (a sort of gradient) is demonstrated. Such gradient samples enable us to address critical issues regarding the mechanism(s) behind spatially resolved free radical polymerization of methacrylates. It also offers a convenient route to optimize the matrix properties with respect to thickness, loading capacity, protein diffusion/penetration, and nonspecific binding. PMID:17910496
Santhakumar, Rajalakshmi; Vidyasekar, Prasanna; Verma, Rama Shanker
2014-01-01
3-Dimensional conditions for the culture of Bone Marrow-derived Stromal/Stem Cells (BMSCs) can be generated with scaffolds of biological origin. Cardiogel, a cardiac fibroblast-derived Extracellular Matrix (ECM) has been previously shown to promote cardiomyogenic differentiation of BMSCs and provide protection against oxidative stress. To determine the matrix composition and identify significant proteins in cardiogel, we investigated the differences in the composition of this nanomatrix and a BMSC-derived ECM scaffold, termed as ‘mesogel’. An optimized protocol was developed that resulted in efficient decellularization while providing the maximum yield of ECM. The proteins were sequentially solubilized using acetic acid, Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate (SDS) and Dithiothreitol (DTT). These proteins were then analyzed using surfactant-assisted in-solution digestion followed by nano-liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry (nLC-MS/MS). The results of these analyses revealed significant differences in their respective compositions and 17 significant ECM/matricellular proteins were differentially identified between cardiogel and mesogel. We observed that cardiogel also promoted cell proliferation, adhesion and migration while enhancing cardiomyogenic differentiation and angiogenesis. In conclusion, we developed a reproducible method for efficient extraction and solubilization of in vitro cultured cell-derived extracellular matrix. We report several important proteins differentially identified between cardiogel and mesogel, which can explain the biological properties of cardiogel. We also demonstrated the cardiomyogenic differentiation and angiogenic potential of cardiogel even in the absence of any external growth factors. The transplantation of Bone Marrow derived Stromal/Stem Cells (BMSCs) cultured on such a nanomatrix has potential applications in regenerative therapy for Myocardial Infarction (MI). PMID:25521816
Properties of Graphite Fiber Reinforced Copper Matrix Composites for Space Power Applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Ellis, David L.
1992-01-01
The thermal and mechanical properties of pitch-based graphite fiber reinforced copper matrix (Gr/Cu) composites usable for space applications such as radiator fins were investigated. Thermal conductivity was measured as a function of fiber volume fraction and architecture. Results showed for unidirectional P-100 Gr/Cu composites, the longitudinal thermal conductivity was nearly independent of fiber volume fraction. Transverse thermal conductivities (perpendicular to the fibers) were strongly affected by the fiber volume fraction with higher volume fractions resulting in lower thermal conductivities. The effect of architecture on thermal conductivity followed the cosine squared law for simple architectures. Insufficient data are available currently to model more complex architectures, but adding fibers in the direction of the heat flow increases the thermal conductivity as low conductivity plies are supplemented by high conductivity plies. Thermal expansion tests were conducted on the Gr fibers and Gr/Cu composites. The results show a considerable thermal expansion mismatch between the fibers and the Cu matrix. The longitudinal thermal expansion showed a strong dependence on the architecture of the Gr/Cu composites. The composites also show a thermal expansion hysteresis. The hysteresis was eliminated by an engineered interface. Mechanical testing concentrated on the dynamic modulus and strength of the composites. The dynamic modulus of the Gr/Cu composites was 305 GPa up to 400 C, a value equivalent to Be. The strengths of the composites were less than expected, but this is attributed to the poor bond across the interface between the Gr fibers and Cu matrix. Testing of composites with an engineered interface is expected to yield strengths nearer the values predicted by the rule of mixtures.
A matrix-form GSM-CFD solver for incompressible fluids and its application to hemodynamics
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yao, Jianyao; Liu, G. R.
2014-10-01
A GSM-CFD solver for incompressible flows is developed based on the gradient smoothing method (GSM). A matrix-form algorithm and corresponding data structure for GSM are devised to efficiently approximate the spatial gradients of field variables using the gradient smoothing operation. The calculated gradient values on various test fields show that the proposed GSM is capable of exactly reproducing linear field and of second order accuracy on all kinds of meshes. It is found that the GSM is much more robust to mesh deformation and therefore more suitable for problems with complicated geometries. Integrated with the artificial compressibility approach, the GSM is extended to solve the incompressible flows. As an example, the flow simulation of carotid bifurcation is carried out to show the effectiveness of the proposed GSM-CFD solver. The blood is modeled as incompressible Newtonian fluid and the vessel is treated as rigid wall in this paper.
Matrix-valued quantum lattice Boltzmann method
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Mendl, Christian B.
2015-02-01
We devise a lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) for a matrix-valued quantum Boltzmann equation, with the classical Maxwell distribution replaced by Fermi-Dirac functions. To accommodate the spin density matrix, the distribution functions become 2 × 2 matrix-valued. From an analytic perspective, the efficient, commonly used BGK approximation of the collision operator is valid in the present setting. The numerical scheme could leverage the principles of LBM for simulating complex spin systems, with applications to spintronics.
SMES application for frequency control during islanded microgrid operation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kim, A.-Rong; Kim, Gyeong-Hun; Heo, Serim; Park, Minwon; Yu, In-Keun; Kim, Hak-Man
2013-01-01
This paper analyzes the operating characteristics of a superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) for the frequency control of an islanded microgrid operation. In the grid-connected mode of a microgrid, an imbalance between power supply and demand is solved by a power trade with the upstream power grid. The difference in the islanded mode is a critical problem because the microgrid is isolated from any power grid. For this reason, the frequency control during islanded microgrid operation is a challenging issue. A test microgrid in this paper consisted of a wind power generator, a PV generation system, a diesel generator and a load to test the feasibility of the SMES for controlling frequency during islanded operation as well as the transient state varying from the grid-connected mode to the islanded mode. The results show that the SMES contributes well for frequency control in the islanded operation. In addition, a dual and a single magnet type of SMES have been compared to demonstrate the control performance. The dual magnet has the same energy capacity as the single magnet, but there are two superconducting coils and each coil has half inductance of the single magnet. The effectiveness of the SMES application with the simulation results is discussed in detail.
High performance polymers and polymer matrix composites for spacecraft structural applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Bowles, D. E.; Connell, J. W.
1992-01-01
A program implemented by NASA Langley Research Center to develop and evaluate new polymers and polymer matrix composites for spacecraft structural applications is examined. Various polymeric films, moldings, and adhesives are evaluated for resistance to atomic oxygen and high energy electron and UV radiation. Thin films from the poly(arylene ether)s containing phenylphosphine oxide groups and the siloxane-epoxies exhibited minor weight loss compared to Kapton polyimide after exposure. Large doses (greater than 10 exp 9 rads) of electron radiation, simulating 30 yr of exposure in GEO, are found to alter the chemical structure of epoxies by both chain scission and cross-linking. The thermal cycling representative of both LEO and GEO environments can cause microcracking in composites which can in turn affect the dimensional stability and produce mechanical property reductions. The processing and fabrication issues associated with precision composite spacecraft components are also addressed.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Philen, M.
2009-10-01
The applicability of variable impedance fluidic flexible matrix composites (F2MC) is investigated for development of prosthetic and orthotic devices. The F2MC material is an innovative combination of high performance composite tubes containing high bulk modulus fluids. The new material system can potentially achieve a change in stiffness of several orders of magnitude through valve control. The F2MC material system is investigated in this research through analytical studies for active impedance control for load transfer reduction in transtibial prosthetic sockets and impedance joint control for ankle-foot orthoses (AFO). Preliminary analysis results indicate that the variable modulus system can reduce the load transfer between the limb and transtibial socket and can provide impedance tailoring for improving foot-slap in an AFO.
Improvements in sparse matrix/vector technique applications for on-line load flow calculation
Ristanovic, P.; Bjelogrlic, M.; Babic, B.S.
1989-02-01
Sparsity technique is applied to a wide range of problems in power systems analysis. In this paper the authors propose several analytical and computational improvements in sparsity applications. The new partial matrix refactorization method and ordering algorithm are presented. The proposed method is very efficient when applied to various kinds of programs, such as: on-line load flow, optimal power flow and steady-state security analysis. The proposed methodology is applied in a fast decoupled load flow program which include the treatment of tap violations on under-load tap changing (ULTC) transformers and reactive power generation on PV buses. Effects of proposed improvements are well tested and documented on the three networks: 118 bus IEEE test network and two utility networks with 209 and 519 buses, respectively. Keywords: sparsity technique, load flow analysis, security analysis.
High Strain-Rate Mechanical Behaviour of a Copper Matrix Composite for Nuclear Applications
Peroni, L
2012-01-01
Aim of this work is the investigation of mechanical behaviour of an alumina dispersion strengthened copper, known by the trade name GLIDCOP®, subjected to dynamic loads: it is a composite material with a copper matrix strengthened with aluminium oxide ceramic particles. Since the particle content is quite small the material keeps the OFE copper physical properties, such as thermal and electrical conductivity, but with a higher yield strength, like a mild-carbon steel. Besides, with the addition of aluminium oxide, the good mechanical properties are retained also at high temperatures and the resistance to thermal softening is increased: the second phase blocks the dislocation movement preventing the grain growth. Thanks to these properties GLIDCOP® finds several applications in particle accelerator technologies, where problems of thermal management, combined with structural requirements, play a key role. Currently, it is used for the construction of structural and functional parts of the particle beam collim...
Protein crystallization with microseed matrix screening: application to human germline antibody Fabs
Obmolova, Galina; Malia, Thomas J.; Teplyakov, Alexey; Sweet, Raymond W.; Gilliland, Gary L.
2014-01-01
The crystallization of 16 human antibody Fab fragments constructed from all pairs of four different heavy chains and four different light chains was enabled by employing microseed matrix screening (MMS). In initial screening, diffraction-quality crystals were obtained for only three Fabs, while many Fabs produced hits that required optimization. Application of MMS, using the initial screens and/or refinement screens, resulted in diffraction-quality crystals of these Fabs. Five Fabs that failed to give hits in the initial screen were crystallized by cross-seeding MMS followed by MMS optimization. The crystallization protocols and strategies that resulted in structure determination of all 16 Fabs are presented. These results illustrate the power of MMS and provide a basis for developing future strategies for macromolecular crystallization. PMID:25084393
The Application of Metal Matrix Composite Materials in Propulsion System Valves
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Laszar, John; Shah, Sandeep; Kashalikar, Uday; Rozenoyer, Boris
2003-01-01
Metal Matrix Composite (MMC) materials have been developed and used in many applications to reduce the weight of components where weight and deflection are the driving design requirement. MMC materials are being developed for use in some propulsion system components, such as turbo-pumps and thrust chambers. However, to date, no propulsion system valves have been developed that take advantage of the materials unique properties. The stiffness of MMC's could help keep valves light or improve life where deflection is the design constraint (such as seal and bearing locations). The low CTE of the materials might allow the designer to reduce tolerances and clearances producing better performance and lighter weight valves. Using unique manufacturing processes allow parts to be plated/coated for longer life and allow joining either by welding or threading/bolting. Additionally, casting of multi part pre-forms to form a single part can lead to designs that would be hard or impossible to manufacture with other methods. Therefore, NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) has developed and tested a prototype propulsion system valve that utilizes these materials to demonstrate these advantages. Through design and testing, this effort will determine the best use of these materials in valves designed to achieve the goal of a highly reliable and lightweight propulsion system. This paper is a continuation of the paper, The Application of Metal Matrix Composite Materials In Propulsion System Valves, presented at the JANNAF Conference held in April, 2002. Fabrication techniques employed, valve development, and valve test results will be discussed in this paper.
Yeh, Chau-Shioung; Chen, Szu-Miau; Teng, Tsung-Jen; Lee, Yang-Jye
2006-12-01
On the basis of Pride's theory (1994) which couples Biot's theory for poroelastic medium (1956) and Maxwell equations via flux/force transport equations, we extend Yeh et al. (2004) approach for poroelastic medium to develop a transition matrix for electroporoelastic medium. The transition matrix, which relates the coefficients of scattered waves to those of incident waves, is then derived through the application of Betti's third identity and the associated orthogonality conditions for the electroporoelastic medium. To illustrate the application, a simple case of the scattering problem of a spherical electroporoelastic inclusion, embedded within the surrounding electroporoelastic medium subjected to an incident plane compressional wave is considered. PMID:17225395
Schwinger-Dyson operators as invariant vector fields on a matrix model analog of the group of loops
Krishnaswami, Govind S. [Department of Mathematical Sciences and Centre for Particle Theory, Durham University, Science Site, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, United Kingdom and Chennai Mathematical Institute, Padur PO, Siruseri 603103 (India)
2008-06-15
For a class of large-N multimatrix models, we identify a group G that plays the same role as the group of loops on space-time does for Yang-Mills theory. G is the spectrum of a commutative shuffle-deconcatenation Hopf algebra that we associate with correlations. G is the exponential of the free Lie algebra. The generating series of correlations is a function on G and satisfies quadratic equations in convolution. These factorized Schwinger-Dyson or loop equations involve a collection of Schwinger-Dyson operators, which are shown to be right-invariant vector fields on G, one for each linearly independent primitive of the Hopf algebra. A large class of formal matrix models satisfying these properties are identified, including as special cases, the zero momentum limits of the Gaussian, Chern-Simons, and Yang-Mills field theories. Moreover, the Schwinger-Dyson operators of the continuum Yang-Mills action are shown to be right-invariant derivations of the shuffle-deconcatenation Hopf algebra generated by sources labeled by position and polarization.
Vacuum system operating experience review for fusion applications
Cadwallader, L.C.
1994-03-01
This report presents a review of vacuum system operating experiences from particle accelerator, fusion experiment, space simulation chamber, and other applications. Safety relevant operating experiences and accident information are discussed. Quantitative order-of-magnitude estimates of vacuum system component failure rates and accident initiating event frequencies are presented for use in risk assessment, reliability, and availability studies. Safety concerns with vacuum systems are discussed, including personnel safety, foreign material intrusion, and factors relevant to vacuum systems being the primary confinement boundary for tritium and activated dusts. This information should be useful to fusion system designers and safety analysts, such as the team working on the Engineering Design Activities for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor.
Test Waveform Applications for JPL STRS Operating Environment
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Lux, James P.; Peters, Kenneth J.; Taylor, Gregory H.; Lang, Minh; Stern, Ryan A.; Duncan, Courtney B.
2013-01-01
This software demonstrates use of the JPL Space Telecommunications Radio System (STRS) Operating Environment (OE), tests APIs (application programming interfaces) presented by JPL STRS OE, and allows for basic testing of the underlying hardware platform. This software uses the JPL STRS Operating Environment ["JPL Space Tele com - munications Rad io System Operating Environment,"(NPO-4776) NASA Tech Briefs, commercial edition, Vol. 37, No. 1 (January 2013), p. 47] to interact with the JPL-SDR Software Defined Radio developed for the CoNNeCT (COmmunications, Navigation, and Networking rEconfigurable Testbed) Project as part of the SCaN Testbed installed on the International Space Station (ISS). These are the first applications that are compliant with the new NASA STRS Architecture Standard. Several example waveform applications are provided to demonstrate use of the JPL STRS OE for the JPL-SDR platform used for the CoNNeCT Project. The waveforms provide a simple digitizer and playback capability for the SBand RF slice, and a simple digitizer for the GPS slice [CoNNeCT Global Positioning System RF Module, (NPO-47764) NASA Tech Briefs, commercial edition, Vol. 36, No. 3 (March 2012), p. 36]. These waveforms may be used for hardware test, as well as for on-orbit or laboratory checkout. Additional example waveforms implement SpaceWire and timer modules, which can be used for time transfer and demonstration of communication between the two Xilinx FPGAs in the JPLSDR. The waveforms are also compatible with ground-based use of the JPL STRS OE on radio breadboards and Linux.
Devarajan, Karthik
Nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) by the multiplicative updates algorithm is a powerful machine learning method for decomposing a high-dimensional nonnegative matrix V into two nonnegative matrices, W and H, where V ...
Application of human error analysis to aviation and space operations
Nelson, W.R.
1998-03-01
For the past several years at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) the authors have been working to apply methods of human error analysis to the design of complex systems. They have focused on adapting human reliability analysis (HRA) methods that were developed for Probabilistic Safety Assessment (PSA) for application to system design. They are developing methods so that human errors can be systematically identified during system design, the potential consequences of each error can be assessed, and potential corrective actions (e.g. changes to system design or procedures) can be identified. The primary vehicle the authors have used to develop and apply these methods has been a series of projects sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to apply human error analysis to aviation operations. They are currently adapting their methods and tools of human error analysis to the domain of air traffic management (ATM) systems. Under the NASA-sponsored Advanced Air Traffic Technologies (AATT) program they are working to address issues of human reliability in the design of ATM systems to support the development of a free flight environment for commercial air traffic in the US. They are also currently testing the application of their human error analysis approach for space flight operations. They have developed a simplified model of the critical habitability functions for the space station Mir, and have used this model to assess the affects of system failures and human errors that have occurred in the wake of the collision incident last year. They are developing an approach so that lessons learned from Mir operations can be systematically applied to design and operation of long-term space missions such as the International Space Station (ISS) and the manned Mars mission.
Ground Operations Aerospace Language (GOAL). Volume 5: Application Studies
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1973-01-01
The Ground Operations Aerospace Language (GOAL) was designed to be used by test oriented personnel to write procedures which would be executed in a test environment. A series of discussions between NASA LV-CAP personnel and IBM resulted in some peripheral tasks which would aid in evaluating the applicability of the language in this environment, and provide enhancement for future applications. The results of these tasks are contained within this volume. The GOAL vocabulary provides a high degree of readability and retainability. To achieve these benefits, however, the procedure writer utilizes words and phrases of considerable length. Brief form study was undertaken to determine a means of relieving this burden. The study resulted in a version of GOAL which enables the writer to develop a dialect suitable to his needs and satisfy the syntax equations. The output of the compiler would continue to provide readability by printing out the standard GOAL language. This task is described.
An Empirically Based Method of Q-Matrix Validation for the DINA Model: Development and Applications
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
de la Torre, Jimmy
2008-01-01
Most model fit analyses in cognitive diagnosis assume that a Q matrix is correct after it has been constructed, without verifying its appropriateness. Consequently, any model misfit attributable to the Q matrix cannot be addressed and remedied. To address this concern, this paper proposes an empirically based method of validating a Q matrix used…
20 CFR 726.104 - Action by the Office upon application of operator.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-04-01
...2011-04-01 false Action by the Office upon application of operator. 726...Section 726.104 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT...Self-Insurers § 726.104 Action by the Office upon application of operator....
43 CFR 23.4 - Application for permission to conduct exploration operations.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-10-01
...Application for permission to conduct exploration operations. 23.4 Section 23...the Secretary of the Interior SURFACE EXPLORATION, MINING AND RECLAMATION OF LANDS ...Application for permission to conduct exploration operations. No person...
43 CFR 23.4 - Application for permission to conduct exploration operations.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-10-01
...Application for permission to conduct exploration operations. 23.4 Section 23...the Secretary of the Interior SURFACE EXPLORATION, MINING AND RECLAMATION OF LANDS ...Application for permission to conduct exploration operations. No person...
43 CFR 23.4 - Application for permission to conduct exploration operations.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-10-01
...Application for permission to conduct exploration operations. 23.4 Section 23...the Secretary of the Interior SURFACE EXPLORATION, MINING AND RECLAMATION OF LANDS ...Application for permission to conduct exploration operations. No person...
43 CFR 23.4 - Application for permission to conduct exploration operations.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-10-01
...Application for permission to conduct exploration operations. 23.4 Section 23...the Secretary of the Interior SURFACE EXPLORATION, MINING AND RECLAMATION OF LANDS ...Application for permission to conduct exploration operations. No person...
43 CFR 23.4 - Application for permission to conduct exploration operations.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-10-01
...Application for permission to conduct exploration operations. 23.4 Section 23...the Secretary of the Interior SURFACE EXPLORATION, MINING AND RECLAMATION OF LANDS ...Application for permission to conduct exploration operations. No person...
Evaluation extracellular matrix-chitosan composite films for wound healing application.
Asthana, Somya; Goyal, Priyanka; Dhar, Rik; K, Uvanesh; Pampanaboina, Narendra B; Christakiran, Joseph; Sagiri, S S; Khanna, Manoj; Samal, Ajit; Banerjee, Indranil; Pal, Kunal; Pramanik, Krishna; Ray, Sirsendu Sekhar
2015-08-01
The present study describes the preparation of extracellular matrix (ECM; from porcine omentum) based chitosan composite films for wound dressing applications. The films were prepared by varying the ECM content, whereas, the amount of chitosan was kept constant. The interactions amongst the components of the films were analyzed by FTIR and XRD studies. The films were thoroughly characterized for surface hydrophilicity, moisture retention capability, water vapor permeability, mechanical and biocompatibility. FTIR study indicated that both chitosan and ECM were present in their native form and did not lose their activity. XRD analysis suggested composition dependent change in the crystallinity of the films. The mechanical properties suggested that the composite films had sufficient properties to be used for wound dressing applications. An increase in the ECM content resulted in better hydrophilicity of the films and hence better the moisture retention capacity and retardant water vapor transmission rate property of the composite films. The films were found to be biocompatible to both blood and adipose tissue derived stem cells. In gist, the prepared films may be explored as wound dressing materials. PMID:26243402
Application of non-negative matrix factorization to multispectral FLIM data analysis
Pande, Paritosh; Applegate, Brian E.; Jo, Javier A.
2012-01-01
Existing methods of interpreting fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM) images are based on comparing the intensity and lifetime values at each pixel with those of known fluorophores. This method becomes unwieldy and subjective in many practical applications where there are several fluorescing species contributing to the bulk fluorescence signal, and even more so in the case of multispectral FLIM. Non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) is a multivariate data analysis technique aimed at extracting non-negative signatures of pure components and their non-negative abundances from an additive mixture of those components. In this paper, we present the application of NMF to multispectral time-domain FLIM data to obtain a new set of FLIM features (relative abundance of constituent fluorophores). These features are more intuitive and easier to interpret than the standard fluorescence intensity and lifetime values. The proposed approach, unlike several FLIM data analysis methods, is not limited by the number of constituent fluorescing species or their possibly complex decay dynamics. Moreover, the new set of FLIM features can be obtained by processing raw multispectral FLIM intensity data, thereby rendering time deconvolution unnecessary and resulting in lesser computational time and relaxed SNR requirements. The performance of the NMF method was validated on simulated and experimental multispectral time-domain FLIM data. The NMF features were also compared against the standard intensity and lifetime features, in terms of their ability to discriminate between different types of atherosclerotic plaques. PMID:23024917
Matrix Fatigue Cracking Mechanisms of Alpha(2) TMC for Hypersonic Applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Gabb, Timothy P.; Gayda, John
1994-01-01
The objective of this work was to understand matrix cracking mechanisms in a unidirectional alpha(sub 2) TMC in possible hypersonic applications. A (0)(sub 8) SCS-6/Ti-24Al-11Nb (at. percent) TMC was first subjected to a variety of simple isothermal and nonisothermal fatigue cycles to evaluate the damage mechanisms in simple conditions. A modified ascent mission cycle test was then performed to evaluate the combined effects of loading modes. This cycle mixes mechanical cycling at 150 and 483 C, sustained loads, and a slow thermal cycle to 815 C. At low cyclic stresses and strains more common in hypersonic applications, environment-assisted surface cracking limited fatigue resistance. This damage mechanism was most acute for out-of-phase nonisothermal cycles having extended cycle periods and the ascent mission cycle. A simple linear fraction damage model was employed to help understand this damage mechanism. Time-dependent environmental damage was found to strongly influence out-of-phase and mission life, with mechanical cycling damage due to the combination of external loading and CTE mismatch stresses playing a smaller role. The mechanical cycling and sustained loads in the mission cycle also had a smaller role.
Actual application of hot repairing technology to operating coke oven
Ohtani, Susumu; Ito, Hidekuni; Numazawa, Makoto; Yamazaki, Takao; Narita, Yuji; Kondo, Toshio
1993-01-01
In Wakayama Steel Works, the coke ovens have been operating for 23 [approximately] 25 years, and many over-aged parts can be seen. However the investment for the construction of a new coke oven is so huge that the maximum prolongation of the existing coke ovens life becomes very important. In the Wakayama Steel Works, it is thought that the coking chamber repairing technology can be the key to that prolongation. While, repairing the coking chamber, the area near the wall head can be observed by the naked eye and repaired using conventional methods, such a welding repairment by metal oxidation heat, partial chamber wall brick re-laying in the hot stage. However, these repairing methods are limited to the area near the wall head, and successful repair methods for the central portion of chamber wall have not, heretofore, been found. In the Wakayama Steel Works, the development of a new welding repairing machine for the central portion of the chamber wall was started and the actual repairing machine has been completed with practical use tests on operating coke ovens. This repairing machine has the following characteristic; (1) Repair of the central portion of ovens under high temperature (over 1,000 C); (2) Capability to seal narrow cracks or open brick joints and to smooth out brick roughness into a flat surface; (3) High working efficiency (max. welding capacity [equals] 30K g/h); (4) Compact and fully automatic operation with a high level of man/machine control interface; and (5) No disturbance of coke oven operation and no cooling of the chamber wall. In this paper, the outline of the actual hot repairing machine and its application results in the Wakayama operating coke ovens are reported.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Roemelt, Michael
2015-07-01
Spin Orbit Coupling (SOC) is introduced to molecular ab initio density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) calculations. In the presented scheme, one first approximates the electronic ground state and a number of excited states of the Born-Oppenheimer (BO) Hamiltonian with the aid of the DMRG algorithm. Owing to the spin-adaptation of the algorithm, the total spin S is a good quantum number for these states. After the non-relativistic DMRG calculation is finished, all magnetic sublevels of the calculated states are constructed explicitly, and the SOC operator is expanded in the resulting basis. To this end, spin orbit coupled energies and wavefunctions are obtained as eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of the full Hamiltonian matrix which is composed of the SOC operator matrix and the BO Hamiltonian matrix. This treatment corresponds to a quasi-degenerate perturbation theory approach and can be regarded as the molecular equivalent to atomic Russell-Saunders coupling. For the evaluation of SOC matrix elements, the full Breit-Pauli SOC Hamiltonian is approximated by the widely used spin-orbit mean field operator. This operator allows for an efficient use of the second quantized triplet replacement operators that are readily generated during the non-relativistic DMRG algorithm, together with the Wigner-Eckart theorem. With a set of spin-orbit coupled wavefunctions at hand, the molecular g-tensors are calculated following the scheme proposed by Gerloch and McMeeking. It interprets the effective molecular g-values as the slope of the energy difference between the lowest Kramers pair with respect to the strength of the applied magnetic field. Test calculations on a chemically relevant Mo complex demonstrate the capabilities of the presented method.
Roemelt, Michael
2015-07-28
Spin Orbit Coupling (SOC) is introduced to molecular ab initio density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) calculations. In the presented scheme, one first approximates the electronic ground state and a number of excited states of the Born-Oppenheimer (BO) Hamiltonian with the aid of the DMRG algorithm. Owing to the spin-adaptation of the algorithm, the total spin S is a good quantum number for these states. After the non-relativistic DMRG calculation is finished, all magnetic sublevels of the calculated states are constructed explicitly, and the SOC operator is expanded in the resulting basis. To this end, spin orbit coupled energies and wavefunctions are obtained as eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of the full Hamiltonian matrix which is composed of the SOC operator matrix and the BO Hamiltonian matrix. This treatment corresponds to a quasi-degenerate perturbation theory approach and can be regarded as the molecular equivalent to atomic Russell-Saunders coupling. For the evaluation of SOC matrix elements, the full Breit-Pauli SOC Hamiltonian is approximated by the widely used spin-orbit mean field operator. This operator allows for an efficient use of the second quantized triplet replacement operators that are readily generated during the non-relativistic DMRG algorithm, together with the Wigner-Eckart theorem. With a set of spin-orbit coupled wavefunctions at hand, the molecular g-tensors are calculated following the scheme proposed by Gerloch and McMeeking. It interprets the effective molecular g-values as the slope of the energy difference between the lowest Kramers pair with respect to the strength of the applied magnetic field. Test calculations on a chemically relevant Mo complex demonstrate the capabilities of the presented method. PMID:26233112
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
FRIKHA, S.; COFFIGNAL, G.; TROLLE, J. L.
2000-06-01
This paper deals with the experimental analysis of piping systems under operating conditions in the field of vibration and acoustic analysis. A new approach to identify the boundary conditions of a part of a curvilinear structure is presented. The basic concept consists of solving an inverse problem where the measured response of the system tested is combined with an incomplete analytical model in order to identify the boundary dynamical state in the frequency domain. As in finite element methods, the tested network is described using elements and nodes. An original technique using a transfer matrix of continuous elements provides a small-size analytical model. In addition, condensation procedure is used to eliminate all degrees of freedom (d.o.f.) having a modelled boundary condition and to reduce the size of the solved inverse problem. Since identification of boundary conditions is performed, the analysis of dynamic response of the tested network may be performed without further matrix computation. The validity and the feasibility of the approach are shown using actual test results. Examples concerning real applications are also presented.
Cohen-Or, Daniel
1 Video Operations in the Gradient Domain Abstract Fusion of image sequences is a fundamental operation in numerous video applications and usually consists of segmentation, matting and compositing. We present a unified framework for performing these operations on video in the gradient domain. Our approach
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Upadhyaya, Priyank
A multi-scale mechanism-based life prediction model is developed for high-temperature polymer matrix composites (HTPMC) for high temperature airframe applications. In the first part of this dissertation the effect of Cloisite 20A (C20A) nano-clay compounding on the thermo-oxidative weight loss and the residual stresses due to thermal oxidation for a thermoset polymer bismaleimide (BMI) are investigated. A three-dimensional (3-D) micro-mechanics based finite element analysis (FEA) was conducted to investigate the residual stresses due to thermal oxidation using an in-house FEA code (NOVA-3D). In the second part of this dissertation, a novel numerical-experimental methodology is outlined to determine cohesive stress and damage evolution parameters for pristine as well as isothermally aged (in air) polymer matrix composites. A rate-dependent viscoelastic cohesive layer model was implemented in an in-house FEA code to simulate the delamination initiation and propagation in unidirectional polymer composites before and after aging. Double cantilever beam (DCB) experiments were conducted (at UT-Dallas) on both pristine and isothermally aged IM-7/BMI composite specimens to determine the model parameters. The J-Integral based approach was adapted to extract cohesive stresses near the crack tip. Once the damage parameters had been characterized, the test-bed FEA code employed a micromechanics based viscoelastic cohesive layer model to numerically simulate the DCB experiment. FEA simulation accurately captures the macro-scale behavior (load-displacement history) simultaneously with the micro-scale behavior (crack-growth history).
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Abidin, Zaenal; Anompa, Muhammad Angger; Muhtadan
2013-09-01
Development of Welding Defect Identifiers for application in Radiographic Film by using Gray Level Co-Occurrence Matrix and Back-Propagation. A research on the application development to interpret the welding defects in industrial radiographic films by using neural networks has been conducted. This research is aimed to produce an application that implement the digital image processing, feature extraction and pattern recognition using artificial neural networks. Digital image processing applied in the development is the technique of noise removal using median filter, contrast stretching and image sharpening by Laplacian filter. Method of Grey level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) is applied to extract features from digital images radiographic films. Back-propagation artificial neural network method is used for defect classification and interpretation of welding defect in radiographic films. The result of this research is an application of back-propagation neural networks with classification results for 60 simulated data with 95% of classification successful rate.
Stochastic determination of matrix determinants
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Dorn, Sebastian; Enßlin, Torsten A.
2015-07-01
Matrix determinants play an important role in data analysis, in particular when Gaussian processes are involved. Due to currently exploding data volumes, linear operations—matrices—acting on the data are often not accessible directly but are only represented indirectly in form of a computer routine. Such a routine implements the transformation a data vector undergoes under matrix multiplication. While efficient probing routines to estimate a matrix's diagonal or trace, based solely on such computationally affordable matrix-vector multiplications, are well known and frequently used in signal inference, there is no stochastic estimate for its determinant. We introduce a probing method for the logarithm of a determinant of a linear operator. Our method rests upon a reformulation of the log-determinant by an integral representation and the transformation of the involved terms into stochastic expressions. This stochastic determinant determination enables large-size applications in Bayesian inference, in particular evidence calculations, model comparison, and posterior determination.
Medical Applications of White LEDs for Surgical Operation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Shimada, Junichi; Kawakami, Yoichi
Everywhere in the world, the highest quality and quantity of lighting is required during the surgical operations. However, the surgical approach has had many types and various angles, common ceiling surgical halogen lighting system cannot provide an adequate amount of beams because the surgeons' heads hinder the illuminations from reaching the operation field. The evolution of solid-state-lighting is currently going to be developed due to the progress of white light emitting diodes (LEDs). We proposed and developed the new lighting equipment that is a surgical lighting goggle composed of InGaN-YAG (yttrium aluminum garnet):Ce3+-based white LEDs. Here, we newly design surgical lighting system composed of white LEDs equipped on both sides of goggles. In fact, we have succeeded in the first internal shunt operation in the left forearm using the surgical LED lighting system on 11th Sept 2000. Since the white LEDs used were composed of InGaN-blue-emitters and YAG-yellow-phosphors, the color rendering property was not sufficient in the reddish colors. After our first challenge for medical application of white LEDs, we have been trying to improve the luminance power of white LED, the color rendering in red colors and the spectral distribution of white LED to render inherent color of raw flesh such as skin, blood, fat tissue and internal organs. We have produced new concepts for LED lighting sources and new several generations of LED lighting goggles.
Operational and design aspects of accelerators for medical applications
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Schippers, Jacobus Maarten; Seidel, Mike
2015-03-01
Originally, the typical particle accelerators as well as their associated beam transport equipment were designed for particle and nuclear physics research and applications in isotope production. In the past few decades, such accelerators and related equipment have also been applied for medical use. This can be in the original physics laboratory environment, but for the past 20 years also in hospital-based or purely clinical environments for particle therapy. The most important specific requirements of accelerators for radiation therapy with protons or ions will be discussed. The focus will be on accelerator design, operational, and formal aspects. We will discuss the special requirements to reach a high reliability for patient treatments as well as an accurate delivery of the dose at the correct position in the patient using modern techniques like pencil beam scanning. It will be shown that the technical requirements, safety aspects, and required reliability of the accelerated beam differ substantially from those in a nuclear physics laboratory. It will be shown that this difference has significant implications on the safety and interlock systems. The operation of such a medical facility should be possible by nonaccelerator specialists at different operating sites (treatment rooms). The organization and role of the control and interlock systems can be considered as being the most crucially important issue, and therefore a special, dedicated design is absolutely necessary in a facility providing particle therapy.
Matrix product state renormalization
Matthias Bal; Marek M. Rams; Valentin Zauner; Jutho Haegeman; Frank Verstraete
2015-09-04
We introduce a coarse-graining procedure based on matrix product operators to define a hybrid variational ansatz combining ideas of matrix product states (MPS), Wilson's numerical renormalization group and entanglement renormalization. As a primary application, we show how the infinite quantum transfer matrix, associated to the path integral description of a translation invariant quantum system, can be coarse-grained to obtain a layered decomposition of a uniform MPS with finite bond dimension. Through numerical comparison with conventional MPS algorithms, we explicitly verify the impurity interpretation of MPS compression, as put forward by Zauner et al., for the transverse field Ising model. Additionally, we motivate the conceptual usefulness of endowing MPS with an internal layered structure and study restricted variational subspaces to describe elementary excitations on top of the ground state, which serves to elucidate the renormalization group structure ingrained in MPS descriptions of ground states.
Exokernel: an operating system architecture for application-level resource management
Dawson R. Engler; M. Frans Kaashoek; James O'Toole Jr
1995-01-01
We describe an operating system architecture that securely multiplexes machine resources while permitting an unprecedented degree of application-specific customization of traditional operating system abstractions. By abstracting physical hardware resources, traditional operating systems have significantly limited the performance, flexibility, and functionality of applications. The exokernel architecture removes these limitations by allowing untrusted software to implement traditional operating system abstractions entirely at
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Halder, P.; Chakraborty, A.; Deb Roy, P.; Das, H. S.
2014-09-01
In this paper, we report the development of a java application for the Superposition T-matrix code, JaSTA (Java Superposition T-matrix App), to study the light scattering properties of aggregate structures. It has been developed using Netbeans 7.1.2, which is a java integrated development environment (IDE). The JaSTA uses double precession superposition codes for multi-sphere clusters in random orientation developed by Mackowski and Mischenko (1996). It consists of a graphical user interface (GUI) in the front hand and a database of related data in the back hand. Both the interactive GUI and database package directly enable a user to model by self-monitoring respective input parameters (namely, wavelength, complex refractive indices, grain size, etc.) to study the related optical properties of cosmic dust (namely, extinction, polarization, etc.) instantly, i.e., with zero computational time. This increases the efficiency of the user. The database of JaSTA is now created for a few sets of input parameters with a plan to create a large database in future. This application also has an option where users can compile and run the scattering code directly for aggregates in GUI environment. The JaSTA aims to provide convenient and quicker data analysis of the optical properties which can be used in different fields like planetary science, atmospheric science, nano science, etc. The current version of this software is developed for the Linux and Windows platform to study the light scattering properties of small aggregates which will be extended for larger aggregates using parallel codes in future. Catalogue identifier: AETB_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AETB_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Standard CPC licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 571570 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 120226886 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: Java, Fortran95. Computer: Any Windows or Linux systems capable of hosting a java runtime environment, java3D and fortran95 compiler; Developed on 2.40 GHz Intel Core i3. Operating system: Any Windows or Linux systems capable of hosting a java runtime environment, java3D and fortran95 compiler. RAM: Ranging from a few Mbytes to several Gbytes, depending on the input parameters. Classification: 1.3. External routines: jfreechart-1.0.14 [1] (free plotting library for java), j3d-jre-1.5.2 [2] (3D visualization). Nature of problem: Optical properties of cosmic dust aggregates. Solution method: Java application based on Mackowski and Mischenko's Superposition T-Matrix code. Restrictions: The program is designed for single processor systems. Additional comments: The distribution file for this program is over 120 Mbytes and therefore is not delivered directly when Download or Email is requested. Instead a html file giving details of how the program can be obtained is sent. Running time: Ranging from few minutes to several hours, depending on the input parameters. References: [1] http://www.jfree.org/index.html [2] https://java3d.java.net/
Network latency and operator performance in teleradiology applications.
Stahl, J N; Tellis, W; Huang, H K
2000-08-01
Teleradiology applications often use an interactive conferencing mode with remote control mouse pointers. When a telephone is used for voice communication, latencies of the data network can create a temporal discrepancy between the position of the mouse pointer and the verbal communication. To assess the effects of this dissociation, we examined the performance of 5 test persons carrying out simple teleradiology tasks under varying simulated network conditions. When the network latency exceeded 400 milliseconds, the performance of the test persons dropped, and an increasing number of errors were made. This effect was the same for constant latencies, which can occur on the network path, and for variable delays caused by the Nagle algorithm, an internal buffering scheme used by the TCP/IP protocol. Because the Nagle algorithm used in typical TCP/IP implementations causes a latency of about 300 milliseconds even before a data packet is sent, any additional latency in the network of 100 milliseconds or more will result in a decreased operator performance in teleradiology applications. These conditions frequently occur on the public Internet or on overseas connections. For optimal performance, the authors recommend bypassing the Nagle algorithm in teleradiology applications. PMID:15359750
El-Amin, S F; Lu, H H; Khan, Y; Burems, J; Mitchell, J; Tuan, R S; Laurencin, C T
2003-03-01
The nature of the extracellular matrix (ECM) is crucial in regulating cell functions via cell-matrix interactions, cytoskeletal organization, and integrin-mediated signaling. In bone, the ECM is composed of proteins such as collagen (CO), fibronectin (FN), laminin (LM), vitronectin (VN), osteopontin (OP) and osteonectin (ON). For bone tissue engineering, the ECM should also be considered in terms of its function in mediating cell adhesion to biomaterials. This study examined ECM production, cytoskeletal organization, and adhesion of primary human osteoblastic cells on biodegradable matrices applicable for tissue engineering, namely polylactic-co-glycolic acid 50:50 (PLAGA) and polylactic acid (PLA). We hypothesized that the osteocompatible, biodegradable polymer surfaces promote the production of bone-specific ECM proteins in a manner dependent on polymer composition. We first examined whether the PLAGA and PLA matrices could support human osteoblastic cell growth by measuring cell adhesion at 3, 6 and 12h post-plating. Adhesion on PLAGA was consistently higher than on PLA throughout the duration of the experiment, and comparable to tissue culture polystyrene (TCPS). ECM components, including CO, FN, LM, ON, OP and VN, produced on the surface of the polymers were quantified by ELISA and localized by immunofluorescence staining. All of these proteins were present at significantly higher levels on PLAGA compared to PLA or TCPS surfaces. On PLAGA, OP and ON were the most abundant ECM components, followed by CO, FN, VN and LN. Immunofluorescence revealed an extracellular distribution for CO and FN, whereas OP and ON were found both intracellularly as well as extracellularly on the polymer. In addition, the actin cytoskeletal network was more extensive in osteoblasts cultured on PLAGA than on PLA or TCPS. In summary, we found that osteoblasts plated on PLAGA adhered better to the substrate, produced higher levels of ECM molecules, and showed greater cytoskeletal organization than on PLA and TCPS. We propose that this difference in ECM composition is functionally related to the enhanced cell adhesion observed on PLAGA. There is initial evidence that specific composition of the PLAGA polymer favors the ECM. Future studies will seek to optimize ECM production on these matrices for bone tissue engineering applications. PMID:12527262
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gamba, Irene M.; Zhang, Chenglong
2014-12-01
In the present work, we propose a deterministic numerical solver for the homogeneous Boltzmann equation based on Discontinuous Galerkin (DG) methods. The weak form of the collision operator is approximated by a quadratic form in linear algebra setting. We employ the property of "shifting symmetry" in the weight matrix to reduce the computing complexity from theoretical O(N3) down to O(N2) , with N the total number of freedom for d-dimensional velocity space. In addition, the sparsity is also explored to further reduce the storage complexity. To apply lower order polynomials and resolve loss of conserved quantities, we invoke the conservation routine at every time step to enforce the conservation of desired moments (mass, momentum and/or energy), with only linear complexity. Due to the locality of the DG schemes, the whole computing process is well parallelized using hybrid OpenMP and MPI. The current work only considers integrable angular cross-sections under elastic and/or inelastic interaction laws. Numerical results on 2-D and 3-D problems are shown.
The application of a job exposure matrix in the natural gas industry.
Maher, Nora
2003-01-01
A questionnaire was designed, implemented, and analyzed, using a job exposure matrix format, to profile jobs in the Pipeline Division of a natural gas company with respect to possible hazardous exposures. The categories of chemical, physical, ergonomic, biological, and psychological hazards were surveyed. The first stage was to formulate and confirm a list of hazardous agents extant within the Pipeline Operations. This was done by making on-site observations and interviewing safety supervisors and workers, as well as by exploring the literature on the natural gas industry. The second stage of the project entailed the collection of data about whether a particular hazardous agent was present at a location, and if so, which workers were exposure to it, and at what intensity and frequency they were exposed. This assessment was made by groups identified as expert assessors, senior workers who were familiar with the processes and range of job titles at their locations. These experienced workers rated all job titles for workers at that site. The final stage of the project was to critically examine and validate the data collected. Three analyses were performed. The first was a comparison of the assessments with known outcomes of the medical surveillance testing that was completed in 1995. Secondly, the agreement between the assessments done by the expert assessor group, and a rating done by the jobholder, was examined. Finally, consideration was given to the sureness expressed by each of the rating groups about the analysis they had provided. PMID:14674800
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Alpert, J. C.; Wang, J.
2009-12-01
To reduce the impact of natural hazards and environmental changes, the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) provide first alert and a preferred partner for environmental prediction services, and represents a critical national resource to operational and research communities affected by climate, weather and water. NOMADS is now delivering high availability services as part of NOAA’s official real time data dissemination at its Web Operations Center (WOC) server. The WOC is a web service used by organizational units in and outside NOAA, and acts as a data repository where public information can be posted to a secure and scalable content server. A goal is to foster collaborations among the research and education communities, value added retailers, and public access for science and development efforts aimed at advancing modeling and GEO-related tasks. The user (client) executes what is efficient to execute on the client and the server efficiently provides format independent access services. Client applications can execute on the server, if it is desired, but the same program can be executed on the client side with no loss of efficiency. In this way this paradigm lends itself to aggregation servers that act as servers of servers listing, searching catalogs of holdings, data mining, and updating information from the metadata descriptions that enable collections of data in disparate places to be simultaneously accessed, with results processed on servers and clients to produce a needed answer. The services used to access the operational model data output are the Open-source Project for a Network Data Access Protocol (OPeNDAP), implemented with the Grid Analysis and Display System (GrADS) Data Server (GDS), and applications for slicing, dicing and area sub-setting the large matrix of real time model data holdings. This approach insures an efficient use of computer resources because users transmit/receive only the data necessary for their tasks including metadata. Data sets served in this way with a high availability server offer vast possibilities for the creation of new products for value added retailers and the scientific community. We demonstrate how users can use NOMADS services to select the values of Ensemble model runs over the ith Ensemble component, (forecast) time, vertical levels, global horizontal location, and by variable, virtually a 6-Dimensional data cube of access across the internet. The example application called the “Ensemble Probability Tool” make probability predictions of user defined weather events that can be used in remote areas for weather vulnerable circumstances. An application to access data for a verification pilot study is shown in detail in a companion paper (U06) collaboration with the World Bank and is an example of high value, usability and relevance of NCEP products and service capability over a wide spectrum of user and partner needs.
ZKCM: A C++ library for multiprecision matrix computation with applications in quantum information
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
SaiToh, Akira
2013-08-01
ZKCM is a C++ library developed for the purpose of multiprecision matrix computation, on the basis of the GNU MP and MPFR libraries. It provides an easy-to-use syntax and convenient functions for matrix manipulations including those often used in numerical simulations in quantum physics. Its extension library, ZKCM_QC, is developed for simulating quantum computing using the time-dependent matrix-product-state simulation method. This paper gives an introduction about the libraries with practical sample programs.
ZKCM: a C++ library for multiprecision matrix computation with applications in quantum information
Akira SaiToh
2013-04-15
ZKCM is a C++ library developed for the purpose of multiprecision matrix computation, on the basis of the GNU MP and MPFR libraries. It provides an easy-to-use syntax and convenient functions for matrix manipulations including those often used in numerical simulations in quantum physics. Its extension library, ZKCM_QC, is developed for simulating quantum computing using the time-dependent matrix-product-state simulation method. This paper gives an introduction about the libraries with practical sample programs.
Richard V. Morris; Howard V. Lauer
1990-01-01
The effect of the matrix on the reflectivity spectra of nanophase (superparamagnetic) hematite (np-Hm) dispersed within the matrix was investigated in four series of powder samples containing np-Hm dispersed within discrete powder particles (of two size ranges) of silica gel and activated alumina. The spectral data show that matrix effects are large. Samples with the same Fe2O3 content can have
Shi-fang Ren; Li Zhang; Zhi-hong Cheng; Yin-long Guo
2005-01-01
In this work, we reported on the advantages of immobilized carbon nanotubes as a novel MALDI-matrix. Recently, carbon nanotubes\\u000a have been reported to be an effective MALDI matrix for small molecules (Anal. Chem.\\u000a 2003,\\u000a 75, 6191), as it can eliminate the interfering matrix peaks as well as form a web morphology to fully disperse the analyte and\\u000a allow strong ultraviolet
An application of the Design Structure Matrix to Integrated Concurrent Engineering
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Avnet, Mark S.; Weigel, Annalisa L.
2010-03-01
This paper demonstrates an application of the Design Structure Matrix (DSM) to Integrated Concurrent Engineering (ICE), an approach to conceptual space systems design intended to increase the pace of work by bringing together all relevant personnel in the same room to conduct focused, collaborative one-week design studies. Although the DSM methodology explicitly incorporates the concurrent aspects of engineering design, it has not been applied formally to an integrated, rapid design environment such as ICE. In this paper, a DSM consisting of 172 design parameters and 682 dependencies is constructed to represent the typical process employed at the Mission Design Laboratory (MDL), an ICE facility at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). Analysis of the DSM reveals an optimal sequencing among five phases of the ICE design process, the interdependent disciplines in the design team, and a set of starting assumptions that can be made at the outset of the work to facilitate a more structured approach to the highly complex and iterative process of space systems design.
Kasoju, Naresh; Bora, Utpal
2012-08-01
Hepatic tissue engineering, which aims to construct artificial liver tissues, requires a suitable extracellular matrix (ECM) for growth and proliferation of metabolically active hepatocytes. The current paper describes the development of a biomimetic artificial ECM, for hepatic tissue engineering applications, by mimicking the architectural features and biochemical composition of native ECM. Electrospinning was chosen as the fabrication technique of choice, while regenerated silk fibroin (RSF) and galactosylated chitosan (GalCS) were chosen as materials of choice. Poly(ethylene oxide) was used as a processing aid. Methodical optimization studies were performed to obtain smooth and continuous nanofibers with homogenous size distribution. Extensive characterization studies were performed to determine its morphological, physical, chemical/structural, thermal and cytotoxicity properties. Subsequently, detailed in vitro hepatocyte compatibility studies were performed using HepG2 cell line. Remarkably, the studies revealed that the growth, viability, metabolic activity and proliferation of hepatocytes were relatively superior on RSF-GalCS scaffold than on pure RSF and pure GalCS. In summary, the electrospun nanofibrous RSF-GalCS scaffold tries to mimic both architectural and biochemical features of native ECM, and hence could be an appropriate scaffold for in vitro engineering of hepatic tissue. However, additional experiments are needed to confirm the superiority in characteristic functionality of hepatocytes growing on RSF-GalCS scaffold in relation to RSF and GalCS scaffolds, and to test its behavior in vivo. PMID:22556184
Algorithms and Application of Sparse Matrix Assembly and Equation Solvers for Aeroacoustics
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Watson, W. R.; Nguyen, D. T.; Reddy, C. J.; Vatsa, V. N.; Tang, W. H.
2001-01-01
An algorithm for symmetric sparse equation solutions on an unstructured grid is described. Efficient, sequential sparse algorithms for degree-of-freedom reordering, supernodes, symbolic/numerical factorization, and forward backward solution phases are reviewed. Three sparse algorithms for the generation and assembly of symmetric systems of matrix equations are presented. The accuracy and numerical performance of the sequential version of the sparse algorithms are evaluated over the frequency range of interest in a three-dimensional aeroacoustics application. Results show that the solver solutions are accurate using a discretization of 12 points per wavelength. Results also show that the first assembly algorithm is impractical for high-frequency noise calculations. The second and third assembly algorithms have nearly equal performance at low values of source frequencies, but at higher values of source frequencies the third algorithm saves CPU time and RAM. The CPU time and the RAM required by the second and third assembly algorithms are two orders of magnitude smaller than that required by the sparse equation solver. A sequential version of these sparse algorithms can, therefore, be conveniently incorporated into a substructuring for domain decomposition formulation to achieve parallel computation, where different substructures are handles by different parallel processors.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Mohammadi, Teymoor
For high temperature applications two novel ceramic-matrix composite (CMC) materials are manufactured, by embedding molybdenum (Mo) and Hastelloy X (HX) wire meshes in 7YSZ ceramic. The mechanical properties and oxidizing behaviour at 1050°C were investigated. The designs, fabrication, assessment of the mechanical strength, cyclic and isothermal oxidation of the CMCs are described in this thesis. After manufacturing meshes, NiCrA1Y bond coats and 7YSZ were applied via plasma spraying. Bonding strength in some CMC samples are improved by vacuum heat treating, then as-sprayed and heat treated CMCs are subjected to three-point bend and impact tests. Mo and HX wire mesh incorporation in 7YSZ increase the strength and the elongation to failure. In particular, Mo wire increases yield load of 7YSZ by at least 3 times and HX wire increases yield by 9 times. Mo/7YSZ CMC degrades and oxidizes after 330 hours at 1050°C tests, but HX/7YSZ shows higher oxidation resistance. The metallographic analysis shows NiCrA1Y bond coat cracks and delaminates from the wires during isothermal tests. Cyclic test, creating larger thermal stresses, worsens the damage. To increase the oxidation and mechanical properties of these composites, a more effective ceramic coating method is recommended. Overall, the advantages of HX/7YSZ composite suggest further testing and investigation.
Turner, Andrew D; Powell, Andy L; Burrell, Stephen
2014-11-01
The production of homogeneous and stable matrix reference materials for marine biotoxins is important for the validation and implementation of instrumental methods of analysis. High pressure processing was investigated to ascertain potential advantages this technique may have in stabilising paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins in shellfish tissues compared to untreated materials. Oyster tissues were subjected to a range of different temperatures and pressures, with results showing a significant reduction in biological activity in comparison to control samples, without significantly altering toxin profiles. Tissue subjected to pressures >600 MPa at 50 °C was assessed for homogeneity and stability. The sample homogeneity was determined using a pre-column oxidation LC-FLD method and shown to be within accepted levels of within batch repeatability. Short and long-term stability studies were conducted over a range of temperatures, with analysis by pre and post column oxidation LC-FLD demonstrating improved stability of toxins compared to the untreated materials and with epimerisation of toxins also notably reduced in treated materials. This study confirmed the technique of high pressure processing to improve the stability of PSP toxins compared to untreated wet tissues and highlighted its applicability in reference material preparation where removal of biological activity is of importance. PMID:25086341
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Bakuckas, J. G., Jr.; Johnson, W. S.
1992-01-01
Several fiber bridging models were reviewed and applied to study the matrix fatigue crack growth behavior in center notched (0)(sub 8) SCS-6/Ti-15-3 and (0)(sub 4) SCS-6/Ti-6Al-4V laminates. Observations revealed that fatigue damage consisted primarily of matrix cracks and fiber matrix interfacial failure in the (0)(sub 8) SCS-6/Ti-15-3 laminates. Fiber-matrix interface failure included fracture of the brittle reaction zone and cracking between the two carbon rich fiber coatings. Intact fibers in the wake of the matrix cracks reduce the stress intensity factor range. Thus, an applied stress intensity factor range is inappropriate to characterize matrix crack growth behavior. Fiber bridging models were used to determine the matrix stress intensity factor range in titanium metal matrix composites. In these models, the fibers in the wake of the crack are idealized as a closure pressure. An unknown constant frictional shear stress is assumed to act along the debond or slip length of the bridging fibers. The frictional shear stress was used as a curve fitting parameter to available data (crack growth data, crack opening displacement data, and debond length data). Large variations in the frictional shear stress required to fit the experimental data indicate that the fiber bridging models in their present form lack predictive capabilities. However, these models provide an efficient and relatively simple engineering method for conducting parametric studies of the matrix growth behavior based on constituent properties.
Application of online modeling to the operation of SLC
Woodley, M.D.; Sanchez-Chopitea, L.; Shoaee, H.
1987-02-01
Online computer models of first order beam optics have been developed for the commissioning, control and operation of the entire SLC including Damping Rings, Linac, Positron Return Line and Collider Arcs. A generalized online environment utilizing these models provides the capability for interactive selection of a desired optics configuration and for the study of its properties. Automated procedures have been developed which calculate and load beamline component set-points and which can scale magnet strengths to achieve desired beam properties for any Linac energy profile. Graphic displays facilitate comparison of design, desired and actual optical characteristics of the beamlines. Measured beam properties, such as beam emittance and dispersion, can be incorporated interactively into the models and used for beamline matching and optimization of injection and extraction efficiencies and beam transmission. The online optics modeling facility also serves as the foundation for many model-driven applications such as autosteering, calculation of beam launch parameters, emittance measurement and dispersion correction.
UN Institute for Training and Research Operational Satellite Applications Programme
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Satellites are used for just about any purpose imaginable, and the United Nations Institute for Training and Research Operational Satellite Applications Programme (UNITAR) is one that is meant to help out in "the life of communities exposed to poverty, hazards and risk." On their site, visitors should first take a look at the "What we do" area to learn about their recent achievements and work. Moving on, they can view their latest satellite maps of places such as Vietnam and Cambodia. The maps are entirely free, and they cover such topics as flood hazards, environmental degradation, and active fire locations. After a quick look, visitors can move on to read up on their satellite image services, technical assistance, and ordering information (for those who desire physical copies). The site also contains a glossary of terms, and a sign-in area for those users who wish to compile and maintain a record of the maps they will need to use most frequently.
Personal computer applications in DIII-D neutral beam operation
Glad, A.S.
1986-08-01
An IBM PC AT has been implemented to improve operation of the DIII-D neutral beams. The PC system provides centralization of all beam data with reasonable access for on-line shot-to-shot control and analysis. The PC hardware was configured to interface all four neutral beam host minicomputers, support multitasking, and provide storage for approximately one month's accumulation of beam data. The PC software is composed of commercial packages used for performance and statistical analysis (i.e., LOTUS 123, PC PLOT, etc.), host communications software (i.e., PCLink, KERMIT, etc.), and applications developed software utilizing f-smcapso-smcapsr-smcapst-smcapsr-smcapsa-smcapsn-smcaps and b-smcapsa-smcapss-smcapsIc-smcaps. The objectives of this paper are to describe the implementation of the PC system, the methods of integrating the various software packages, and the scenario for on-line control and analysis.
California at Santa Cruz, University of
. The adjoint operator adA, which is a linear operator acting on the vector space of n × n matrices, is defined) Higher derivatives can also be computed. It is a simple exercise to show that: dn B(t) dtn = (adA)n (B
An operational global ocean forecast system and its applications
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Mehra, A.; Tolman, H. L.; Rivin, I.; Rajan, B.; Spindler, T.; Garraffo, Z. D.; Kim, H.
2012-12-01
A global Real-Time Ocean Forecast System (RTOFS) was implemented in operations at NCEP/NWS/NOAA on 10/25/2011. This system is based on an eddy resolving 1/12 degree global HYCOM (HYbrid Coordinates Ocean Model) and is part of a larger national backbone capability of ocean modeling at NWS in strong partnership with US Navy. The forecast system is run once a day and produces a 6 day long forecast using the daily initialization fields produced at NAVOCEANO using NCODA (Navy Coupled Ocean Data Assimilation), a 3D multi-variate data assimilation methodology. As configured within RTOFS, HYCOM has a horizontal equatorial resolution of 0.08 degrees or ~9 km. The HYCOM grid is on a Mercator projection from 78.64 S to 47 N and north of this it employs an Arctic dipole patch where the poles are shifted over land to avoid a singularity at the North Pole. This gives a mid-latitude (polar) horizontal resolution of approximately 7 km (3.5 km). The coastline is fixed at 10 m isobath with open Bering Straits. This version employs 32 hybrid vertical coordinate surfaces with potential density referenced to 2000 m. Vertical coordinates can be isopycnals, often best for resolving deep water masses, levels of equal pressure (fixed depths), best for the well mixed unstratified upper ocean and sigma-levels (terrain-following), often the best choice in shallow water. The dynamic ocean model is coupled to a thermodynamic energy loan ice model and uses a non-slab mixed layer formulation. The forecast system is forced with 3-hourly momentum, radiation and precipitation fluxes from the operational Global Forecast System (GFS) fields. Results include global sea surface height and three dimensional fields of temperature, salinity, density and velocity fields used for validation and evaluation against available observations. Several downstream applications of this forecast system will also be discussed which include search and rescue operations at US Coast Guard, navigation safety information provided by OPC using real time ocean model guidance from Global RTOFS surface ocean currents, operational guidance on radionuclide dispersion near Fukushima using 3D tracers, boundary conditions for various operational coastal ocean forecast systems (COFS) run by NOS etc.
Particulate Titanium Matrix Composites Tested--Show Promise for Space Propulsion Applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Lerch, Bradley A.; Ellis, J. Rodney; Arnold. Steven M.
2004-01-01
Uniformly distributed particle-strengthened titanium matrix composites (TMCs) can be manufactured at lower cost than many types of continuous-fiber composites. The innovative manufacturing technology combines cold and hot isostatic pressing procedures to produce near-final-shape components. Material stiffness is increased up to 26-percent greater than that of components made with conventional titanium materials at no significant increase in the weight. The improved mechanical performance and low-cost manufacturing capability motivated an independent review to assess the improved properties of ceramic titanium carbide (TiC) particulate-reinforced titanium at elevated temperature. Researchers at the NASA Glenn Research Center creatively designed and executed deformation and durability tests to reveal operating regimes where these materials could lower the cost and weight of space propulsion systems. The program compares the elevated-temperature performance of titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V matrix material to an alloy containing 10 wt% of TiC particles. Initial experiments showed that at these relatively low particle concentrations the material stiffness of the TMC was improved 20 percent over that of the plain Ti-6Al-4V alloy when tested at 427 C. The proportional limit and ultimate strength of the composite in tension are 21- and 14-percent greater than those of the plain alloy. Compression tests showed that the proportional limit is about 30 percent greater for TMC than for the plain alloy. The enhanced deformation resistance of the TMC was also evident in a series of tensile and compressive stress relaxation tests that were made. Specimens were subjected to tensile or compressive strain amplitudes of 0.75 percent for 24 hr followed by a return to zero strain imposed for 24 hr. The stress relaxation data were normalized with respect to the maximum stress for each case and plotted as a function of time in the following graph. Tensile stresses relaxed 19 percent for the TMC and 25 percent for the plain Ti-6Al-4V alloy. Compressive stresses relaxed 25 percent for the TMC and 39 percent for the plain Ti-6Al-4V alloy. The superior deformation resistance of the TMC extends to a creep rate that is 28-percent slower for the TMC when it is loaded to stress levels that are 26-percent higher than for the plain Ti-6Al-4V alloy.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-01-01
... What information must operators or providers submit in their applications for reimbursement...GENERAL AVIATION OPERATORS AND SERVICE PROVIDERS IN THE WASHINGTON, DC AREA Application... What information must operators or providers submit in their applications for...
Kim, Se-Kwon; Thomas, Noel Vinay; Li, Xifeng
2011-01-01
Metalloproteinases especially matrix metalloproteinases are a group of endopeptidases that contribute for the extracellular matrix degradation, and several tissue remodeling processes. Improper regulation of these endopeptidases could lead to several severe pathological problems that include cardiac, cartilage, and cancer-related diseases. Until now, many synthetic matrix metalloproteinase inhibitory substances (MMPIs) have been reported; however, many of them could not make to the final clinical trials. Hence, the emphasis on screening of MMPIs from different natural resources has gained much importance and marine resources are one among them. As marine organisms have been contributing with several biologically active compounds that have profound applications in nutraceuticals, cosmeceuticals, and pharmaceuticals; in this chapter, an attempt has been made to discuss the various MMPIs from edible seaweeds, which could be considered as medicinal foods. PMID:22054943
Olevsky, E.; Dudek, H.J.; Kaysser, W.A.
1996-02-01
Processing of metal matrix composites (MMC) by hot isostatic pressing (HIPing) of fibers coated with a titanium alloy is discussed using the continuum theory for sintering. For the viscosity of titanium at HIPing conditions an exponential equation based on experimental data chosen from literature is used. The computations are performed for different fiber diameters, fiber volume fractions, initial porosity, initial dimensions of large imperfections and HIPing conditions. The parameters determined are: the final radius of imperfections, the final porosity, the time for a complete consolidation and additional time compensating a lower HIPing temperature. The influence of pressure and temperature rate on the consolidation behavior is discussed. For composites with the {gamma}-TiAl-alloys as matrix the accumulated tangential deformation is determined and the application of a second matrix coating on the fibers as a consolidation aid is discussed.
Yuan, Jie; Long, Xingwu; Chen, Meixiong
2011-03-28
To the best of our knowledge, the generalized ray matrix, an augmented 5×5 ray matrix for a spherical mirror reflection with all the possible perturbation sources including three kinds of displacements and its detailed deducing process have been proposed in this paper for the first time. Square ring resonators and monolithic triaxial ring resonators have been chosen as examples to show its application, and some novel results of the optical-axis perturbation have been obtained. A novel method to eliminate the diaphragm mismatching error and the gain capillary mismatching error in monolithic triaxial ring resonators more effectively has also been proposed. Both those results and method have been confirmed by related experiments and the experimental results have been described with diagrammatic representation. This generalized ray matrix is valuable for ray analysis of various kinds of resonators. These results are important for the cavity design, cavity improvement and alignment of high accuracy and super high accuracy ring laser gyroscopes. PMID:21451703
Application of diagnostics to determine operational readiness of aged motor-operated valves
Eissenberg, D.M.
1987-06-29
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been carrying out an aging assessment of motor-operated valves (MOVs) with the primary objective of recommending diagnostic methods for detecting and trending aging. As a result of experimental investigations at ORNL, it was discovered that the motor current during a valve stroke was a very useful diagnostic parameter for detecting and trending many MOV drive train load variations. The motor current signatures were analyzed at four levels: mean value for a stroke, gross trends during a stroke, transients, and noise frequency spectra. Examples illustrating the use of this technique are presented. The use of motor current signature analysis was also shown to apply to other electric motor driven equipment. Future work includes developing a data base of MOV diagnostics, including criteria for determining the extent of degradation and application of the technique to other LWR motor driven safety equipment.
Application of diagnostics to determine motor-operated valve operational readiness
Eissenberg, D.M.
1986-01-01
ORNL has been carrying out an aging assessment of motor-operated valves (MOVs) with the primary objective of recommending diagnostic methods for detecting and trending aging. As a result of experimental investigations at ORNL, it was discovered that the motor current during a valve stroke was a very useful diagnostic parameter for detecting and trending many MOV drive train load variations. The motor curent signatures were analyzed at four levels: mean value for a stroke, gross trends during a stroke, transients, and noise frequency spectra. Examples illustrating the use of this technique are presented. The use of motor current signature analysis was also shown to apply to other electric motor driven equipment. Future work includes developing a data base of MOV diagnostics, including criteria for determining the extent of degradation and application of the technique to other LWR motor driven safety equipment.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Grimaldi, Ralph P.
This material was developed to provide an application of matrix mathematics in chemistry, and to show the concepts of linear independence and dependence in vector spaces of dimensions greater than three in a concrete setting. The techniques presented are not intended to be considered as replacements for such chemical methods as oxidation-reduction…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hanson, J. Robert
Matrix organization focuses on the shift from cost center or process input planning to product output or results planning. Matrix organization puts the personnel and the resources where they are needed to get the job done. This management efficiency is brought about by dividing all organizational activities into two areas: (1) input or maintenance…
Moment matrices and multicomponent KP, with applications to random matrix theory
Vanhaecke, Pol
be written --- by expressing the integrand in ``polar coordinates'' --- as a multiple integral, which orthogonal polynomials 7 3 Cauchy transforms 12 4 Duality 18 5 The RiemannHilbert matrix and the bilinear. A crucial observation is that these matrix integrals, upon appropri ate deformation by means
Comparison of two matrix data structures for advanced CSM testbed applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Regelbrugge, M. E.; Brogan, F. A.; Nour-Omid, B.; Rankin, C. C.; Wright, M. A.
1989-01-01
The first section describes data storage schemes presently used by the Computational Structural Mechanics (CSM) testbed sparse matrix facilities and similar skyline (profile) matrix facilities. The second section contains a discussion of certain features required for the implementation of particular advanced CSM algorithms, and how these features might be incorporated into the data storage schemes described previously. The third section presents recommendations, based on the discussions of the prior sections, for directing future CSM testbed development to provide necessary matrix facilities for advanced algorithm implementation and use. The objective is to lend insight into the matrix structures discussed and to help explain the process of evaluating alternative matrix data structures and utilities for subsequent use in the CSM testbed.
Hybrid matrix fiber composites
Deteresa, Steven J.; Lyon, Richard E.; Groves, Scott E.
2003-07-15
Hybrid matrix fiber composites having enhanced compressive performance as well as enhanced stiffness, toughness and durability suitable for compression-critical applications. The methods for producing the fiber composites using matrix hybridization. The hybrid matrix fiber composites include two chemically or physically bonded matrix materials, whereas the first matrix materials are used to impregnate multi-filament fibers formed into ribbons and the second matrix material is placed around and between the fiber ribbons that are impregnated with the first matrix material and both matrix materials are cured and solidified.
GIS applications for military operations in coastal zones
Fleming, S.; Jordan, T.; Madden, M.; Usery, E.L.; Welch, R.
2009-01-01
In order to successfully support current and future US military operations in coastal zones, geospatial information must be rapidly integrated and analyzed to meet ongoing force structure evolution and new mission directives. Coastal zones in a military-operational environment are complex regions that include sea, land and air features that demand high-volume databases of extreme detail within relatively narrow geographic corridors. Static products in the form of analog maps at varying scales traditionally have been used by military commanders and their operational planners. The rapidly changing battlefield of 21st Century warfare, however, demands dynamic mapping solutions. Commercial geographic information system (GIS) software for military-specific applications is now being developed and employed with digital databases to provide customized digital maps of variable scale, content and symbolization tailored to unique demands of military units. Research conducted by the Center for Remote Sensing and Mapping Science at the University of Georgia demonstrated the utility of GIS-based analysis and digital map creation when developing large-scale (1:10,000) products from littoral warfare databases. The methodology employed-selection of data sources (including high resolution commercial images and Lidar), establishment of analysis/modeling parameters, conduct of vehicle mobility analysis, development of models and generation of products (such as a continuous sea-land DEM and geo-visualization of changing shorelines with tidal levels)-is discussed. Based on observations and identified needs from the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, formerly the National Imagery and Mapping Agency, and the Department of Defense, prototype GIS models for military operations in sea, land and air environments were created from multiple data sets of a study area at US Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. Results of these models, along with methodologies for developing large-scale littoral warfare databases, aid the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency in meeting littoral warfare analysis, modeling and map generation requirements for US military organizations. ?? 2008 International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Inc. (ISPRS).
Operational Applications from the Suomi Npp and Jpss Satellites
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Goldberg, M.; Furgerson, J.; Sjoberg, W.; Weng, F.; Csiszar, I. A.; Kilcoyne, H.; Gleason, J. F.
2012-12-01
The Joint Polar Satellite System is NOAA's new operational satellite program and includes the SUOMI National Polar Partnership (NPP) as a bridge between NOAA's operational Polar Orbiting Environmental Satellite (POES) series, which began in 1978, and the first JPSS operational satellite scheduled for launch in 2017. JPSS provides critical data for key NOAA product and services, which the Nation depends on. These products and services include: Weather forecasting - data from the JPSS Cross-track Infrared Sounder (CrIS) and the Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder (ATMS) are needed to forecast weather events out to 7 days. Nearly 85% of all data used in weather forecasting are from polar orbiting satellites. Environmental monitoring - data from the JPSS Visible Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) are used to monitor the environment including the health of coastal ecosystems, drought conditions, fire, smoke, dust, snow and ice, and the state of oceans, including sea surface temperature and ocean color. Climate monitoring - data from JPSS instruments, including OMPS, CERES and TSIS will provide continuity to climate data records established using NOAA POES and NASA Earth Observing System (EOS) satellite observations. These data records provide a unified and coherent long-term observation of the environment; the records and products are critical to climate modelers, scientists, and decision makers concerned with advancing climate change understanding, prediction, mitigation and adaptation strategies, and policies. Data collection - JPSS satellites continue the POES data collection instruments that relay in situ data and observations from remote transmitters. These instruments relay data from remote, unmanned stations including wind, temperature and salinity readings from ocean buoys, which allow for the monitoring of the ocean. These instruments are also used to track wildlife. Search and rescue - JPSS will continue the search and rescue instruments on POES that relay distress signals from aviators, mariners or land-based users in distress. This system assists in the rescue of hundreds on an annual basis. At the AGU conference, we will discuss in detail the operational applications of JPSS data and early demonstrations provided by SUOMI NPP. Examples will include improvements in weather forecasting, monitoring of coastal water quality (e.g. harmful algal blooms), marine resources, forest fires, volcanic eruptions and smoke/dust plumes, and monitoring of droughts, snow and ice cover. The quality of JPSS data for climate monitoring will also be discussed.
A scalable, parallel matrix-free Stokes solver for geodynamic applications
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
May, D.
2013-12-01
Here I describe a numerical method suitable for studying non-linear, large deformation processes in crustal and lithopspheric dynamics. The method utilizes a hybrid spatial discretisation which consists of mixed finite elements for the Stokes flow problem, coupled to a Lagrangian marker based discretisation to represent the material properties (viscosity and density). This approach is akin to the classical Marker-And-Cell (MAC) scheme of Harlow and the subsequently developed Material Point Method (MPM) of Sulsky and co-workers. The geometric flexibility and ease of modelling large deformation processes afforded by such mesh-particle methods has been exploited by the lithospheric dynamics community over the last 20 years. The strength of the Stokes preconditioner fundamentally controls the scientific throughput achievable and represents the largest bottleneck in the development of our understanding of geodynamic processes. The possibility to develop a 'cheap' and efficient preconditioning methodology which is suitable for the mixed Q2-P1 element is explored here. I describe a flexible strategy, which aims to address the Stokes preconditioning issue using an upper block triangular preconditioner, together with a geometric multi-grid preconditioner for the viscous block. The key to the approach is to utilize algorithms and data-structures that exploit current multi-core hardware and avoid the need for excessive global reductions. In order to develop a scalable method, special consideration is given to; the definition of the coarse grid operator, the smoother and the coarse grid solver. The performance characteristics of this hybrid matrix-free / partially assembled multi-level preconditioning strategy is examined. The robustness of the preconditioner with respect to the viscosity contrast and the topology of the viscosity field, together with the parallel scalability is demonstrated.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Min, James B.; Harris, Donald L.; Ting, J. M.
2011-01-01
For advanced aerospace propulsion systems, development of ceramic matrix composite integrally-bladed turbine disk technology is attractive for a number of reasons. The high strength-to-weight ratio of ceramic composites helps to reduce engine weight and the one-piece construction of a blisk will result in fewer parts count, which should translate into reduced operational costs. One shortcoming with blisk construction, however, is that blisks may be prone to high cycle fatigue due to their structural response to high vibration environments. Use of ceramic composites is expected to provide some internal damping to reduce the vibratory stresses encountered due to unsteady flow loads through the bladed turbine regions. A goal of our research was to characterize the vibration viscous damping behavior of C/SiC composites. The vibration damping properties were measured and calculated. Damping appeared to decrease with an increase in the natural frequency. While the critical damping amount of approximately 2% is required for typical aerospace turbomachinery engines, the C/SiC damping at high frequencies was less than 0.2% from our study. The advanced high-performance aerospace propulsion systems almost certainly will require even more damping than what current vehicles require. A purpose of this paper is to review some work on C/SiC vibration damping by the authors for the NASA CMC turbine blisk development program and address an importance of the further investigation of the blade vibration damping characteristics on candidate CMC materials for the NASA s advanced aerospace turbomachinery engine systems.
Exokernel: an operating system architecture for application-level resource management
Dawson R. Engler; M. Frans Kaashoek; James O'Toole Jr
1995-01-01
Traditional operating systems limit the performance, flexibility, and functionality of applications by fixing the interface and implementation of operating system abstractions such as interprocess communication and virtual memory. The exokernel operating system architecture addresses this problem by providing application-level management of physical resources. In the exokernel architecture, a small kernel securely exports all hardware resources through a lowlevel interface to
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kutana, Alex; Jacobs, Verne
2013-03-01
We show some examples of the application of our reduced-density-matrix description to electronic relaxations in solids and nanostructures. We carry out first-principles calculations for the relaxations of excited electrons due to scattering by phonons, using density functional theory (DFT), ab initio electronic structure methods, and reduced-density-matrix theory (RDMT) in the isolated-line and short-memory-time (Markov) approximations. Our description allows calculating properties related to the dynamical behavior of electrons in these systems without using any of the customary approximations. The main ingredients in these calculations - electronic energy levels, dipole-transition matrix elements, and analytical electron-phonon coupling matrix elements - are obtained entirely from first principles. In this work, we apply the theory to study the behavior of electrons and holes in the bulk phase as well as at the interface between two nanoscale materials. We evaluate carrier lifetimes and quantify charge and energy transfer in these systems. We also calculate line widths and shifts that are then used to construct theoretical linear absorption spectra, which are compared with experimental results. We show some examples of the application of our reduced-density-matrix description to electronic relaxations in solids and nanostructures. We carry out first-principles calculations for the relaxations of excited electrons due to scattering by phonons, using density functional theory (DFT), ab initio electronic structure methods, and reduced-density-matrix theory (RDMT) in the isolated-line and short-memory-time (Markov) approximations. Our description allows calculating properties related to the dynamical behavior of electrons in these systems without using any of the customary approximations. The main ingredients in these calculations - electronic energy levels, dipole-transition matrix elements, and analytical electron-phonon coupling matrix elements - are obtained entirely from first principles. In this work, we apply the theory to study the behavior of electrons and holes in the bulk phase as well as at the interface between two nanoscale materials. We evaluate carrier lifetimes and quantify charge and energy transfer in these systems. We also calculate line widths and shifts that are then used to construct theoretical linear absorption spectra, which are compared with experimental results. Work supported by the Office of Naval Research. A portion of this work was performed under the ASEE post doc program at NRL.
Operational forecast products and applications based on WRF/Chem
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hirtl, Marcus; Flandorfer, Claudia; Langer, Matthias; Mantovani, Simone; Olefs, Marc; Schellander-Gorgas, Theresa
2015-04-01
The responsibilities of the national weather service of Austria (ZAMG) include the support of the federal states and the public in questions connected to the protection of the environment in the frame of advisory and counseling services as well as expert opinions. The ZAMG conducts daily Air-Quality forecasts using the on-line coupled model WRF/Chem. The mother domain expands over Europe, North Africa and parts of Russia. The nested domain includes the alpine region and has a horizontal resolution of 4 km. Local emissions (Austria) are used in combination with European inventories (TNO and EMEP) for the simulations. The modeling system is presented and the results from the evaluation of the assimilation of pollutants using the 3D-VAR software GSI is shown. Currently observational data (PM10 and O3) from the Austrian Air-Quality network and from European stations (EEA) are assimilated into the model on an operational basis. In addition PM maps are produced using Aerosol Optical Thickness (AOT) observations from MODIS in combination with model data using machine learning techniques. The modeling system is operationally evaluated with different data sets. The emphasis of the application is on the forecast of pollutants which are compared to the hourly values (PM10, O3 and NO2) of the Austrian Air-Quality network. As the meteorological conditions are important for transport and chemical processes, some parameters like wind and precipitation are automatically evaluated (SAL diagrams, maps, …) with other models (e.g. ECMWF, AROME, …) and ground stations via web interface. The prediction of the AOT is also important for operators of solar power plants. In the past Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) models were used to predict the AOT based on cloud forecasts at the ZAMG. These models do not consider the spatial and temporal variation of the aerosol distribution in the atmosphere with a consequent impact on the accuracy of forecasts especially during clear-sky days when the influence of the aerosols can have a strong impact on the AOT. WRF/Chem forecasts of the atmospheric optical properties are used to add information on the incoming radiation during these days. The evaluation of the model with satellite data for different episodes with clear-sky conditions is presented.
Goh Teck Chiang; Jun-ichi Itoh
2011-01-01
This paper discusses a modulation control for an indirect matrix converter connects with a reactor free boost converter for induction motor drives. The square wave modulation is proposed to apply with a four-step commutation pattern to improve the voltage transfer ratio of the indirect matrix converter from 0.866 to 0.97 (VTR= vout\\/vin). Furthermore, a feed-forward control is proposed to apply
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Welhart, E. K.
1976-01-01
This design note presents typical mechanical properties tabulated from industrial and governmental agencies' test programs. All data are correlated to specific products and all of the best known products are presented. The data include six epoxies, eight polyimides and one polyquinoxaline matrix material. Bron and graphite are the fiber reinforcements. Included are forty-two summaries of advanced (resin matrix) composite programs in existence in the United States. It is concluded that the selection of appropriate matrices, the geometric manner in which the fibers are incorporated in the matrix and the durability of the bond between fiber and matrix establish the end properties of the composite material and the performance of the fabricated structure.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Morris, Richard V.; Lauer, Howard V., Jr.
1990-01-01
The effect of the matrix on the reflectivity spectra of nanophase (superparamagnetic) hematite (np-Hm) dispersed within the matrix was investigated in four series of powder samples containing np-Hm dispersed within discrete powder particles (of two size ranges) of silica gel and activated alumina. The spectral data show that matrix effects are large. Samples with the same Fe2O3 content can have np-Hm absorption edges characterized by very different positions and curvature and slope indices, while samples with equivalent absorption edges can have very different Fe2O3 concentrations. Thus, quantitative relationships between the positions of ferric absorption edges and Fe2O3 concentrations are unreliable without knowledge of matrix properties of the system. It is shown that it was possible to match the Fe2O3 concentration, magnetic properties, and spectral data for Martian surface material with a laboratory mixture whose only ferric-bearing phase was hematite.
A GIS based application for seismic risk operational response support
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Voulgaris, N.; Vassilakis, E.; Parcharidis, I.; Soukis, K.; Alexopoulos, J.
2003-04-01
Information flow and management represents one of the main tasks of seismic risk mitigation. The recent experience, following a number of disastrous earthquakes in Greece during the last decade, underlined the necessity of a flexible system in order to support earthquake disaster response organizations. Due to the large volume of spatial data required, a GIS platform represented the most efficient choice for the development of such an application. A number of basic thematic layers, such as topography, administrative, tectonic and seismological data, are available and can processed by the user through a specially designed menu driven system in order to obtain a variety of reports. Following the declaration of a damaging earthquake, location data are immediately transmitted by the seismological agencies to the primary earthquake response organization (EPPO) and administrative data are selected and sorted according to preliminary estimated damage zones. Thus, the user is able to access all the relevant contact and communication data in order to obtain and record predefined damage report information. These data can be stored, updated and reviewed within the system or forwarded as reports to the corresponding agencies for further action. At present the system is in operation at the Earthquake Planning and Protection Organization (EPPO) in Greece, while further enhancements are also planned according to user requirements.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Varney, Philip; Green, Itzhak
2014-11-01
Numerous methods are available to calculate rotordynamic whirl frequencies, including analytic methods, finite element analysis, and the transfer matrix method. The typical real-valued transfer matrix (RTM) suffers from several deficiencies, including lengthy computation times and the inability to distinguish forward and backward whirl. Though application of complex coordinates in rotordynamic analysis is not novel per se, specific advantages gained from using such coordinates in a transfer matrix analysis have yet to be elucidated. The present work employs a complex coordinate redefinition of the transfer matrix to obtain reduced forms of the elemental transfer matrices in inertial and rotating reference frames, including external stiffness and damping. Application of the complex-valued state variable redefinition results in a reduction of the 8×8 RTM to the 4×4 Complex Transfer Matrix (CTM). The CTM is advantageous in that it intrinsically separates forward and backward whirl, eases symbolic manipulation by halving the transfer matrices’ dimension, and provides significant improvement in computation time. A symbolic analysis is performed on a simple overhung rotor to demonstrate the mathematical motivation for whirl frequency separation. The CTM's utility is further shown by analyzing a rotordynamic system supported by viscoelastic elastomer rings. Viscoelastic elastomer ring supports can provide significant damping while reducing the cost and complexity associated with conventional components such as squeeze film dampers. The stiffness and damping of a viscoelastic damper ring are determined herein as a function of whirl frequency using the viscoelastic correspondence principle and a constitutive fractional calculus viscoelasticity model. The CTM is then employed to obtain the characteristic equation, where the whirl frequency dependent stiffness and damping of the elastomer supports are included. The Campbell diagram is shown, demonstrating the CTM's ability to intrinsically separate synchronous whirl direction for a non-trivial rotordynamic system. Good agreement is found between the CTM results and previously obtained analytic and experimental results for the elastomer ring supported rotordynamic system.
Heydari, M.H.; Hooshmandasl, M.R.; Maalek Ghaini, F.M.; Cattani, C.
2014-08-01
In this paper, a new computational method based on the generalized hat basis functions is proposed for solving stochastic Itô–Volterra integral equations. In this way, a new stochastic operational matrix for generalized hat functions on the finite interval [0,T] is obtained. By using these basis functions and their stochastic operational matrix, such problems can be transformed into linear lower triangular systems of algebraic equations which can be directly solved by forward substitution. Also, the rate of convergence of the proposed method is considered and it has been shown that it is O(1/(n{sup 2}) ). Further, in order to show the accuracy and reliability of the proposed method, the new approach is compared with the block pulse functions method by some examples. The obtained results reveal that the proposed method is more accurate and efficient in comparison with the block pule functions method.
14 CFR 93.219 - Allocation of slots for essential air service operations and applicable limitations.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-01-01
...2014-01-01 false Allocation of slots for essential air service operations and applicable limitations...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES SPECIAL AIR TRAFFIC RULES Allocation of Commuter and...
14 CFR 93.219 - Allocation of slots for essential air service operations and applicable limitations.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-01-01
...2011-01-01 false Allocation of slots for essential air service operations and applicable limitations...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES SPECIAL AIR TRAFFIC RULES Allocation of Commuter and...
14 CFR 93.219 - Allocation of slots for essential air service operations and applicable limitations.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-01-01
...2013-01-01 false Allocation of slots for essential air service operations and applicable limitations...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES SPECIAL AIR TRAFFIC RULES Allocation of Commuter and...
14 CFR 93.219 - Allocation of slots for essential air service operations and applicable limitations.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-01-01
...2012-01-01 false Allocation of slots for essential air service operations and applicable limitations...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES SPECIAL AIR TRAFFIC RULES Allocation of Commuter and...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-07-01
...Operating Limits for Puncture Sealant Application Control Devices 4 Table 4 to Subpart XXXX of Part 63 Protection of Environment ...Rubber Tire Manufacturing Pt. 63, Subpt. XXXX, Table 4 Table 4 to Subpart XXXX of Part 63—Operating...
14 CFR 119.36 - Additional certificate application requirements for commercial operators.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-01-01
14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01...application requirements for commercial operators. 119.36 Section 119.36 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION...CERTIFICATION: AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS...
14 CFR 119.36 - Additional certificate application requirements for commercial operators.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-01-01
14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01...application requirements for commercial operators. 119.36 Section 119.36 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION...CERTIFICATION: AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS...
14 CFR 119.36 - Additional certificate application requirements for commercial operators.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-01-01
14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01...application requirements for commercial operators. 119.36 Section 119.36 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION...CERTIFICATION: AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS...
14 CFR 119.36 - Additional certificate application requirements for commercial operators.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-01-01
14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01...application requirements for commercial operators. 119.36 Section 119.36 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION...CERTIFICATION: AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS...
Mohsenkhani, Sadaf; Jahanshahi, Mohsen; Rahimpour, Ahmad
2015-08-21
Expanded bed adsorption (EBA) is a reliable separation technique for the purification of bioproducts from complex feedstocks. The specifically designed adsorbent is necessary to form a stable expanded bed. In the present work, a novel custom-designed composite matrix has been prepared through the method of water-in-oil emulsification. In order to develop an adsorbent with desirable qualities and reduce the costs, ?-carrageenan and zinc powder were used as the polymeric skeleton and the densifier, respectively. The prepared composite matrix was named as KC-Zn. Optical microscope (OM) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) were applied to characterize the morphology and structure of prepared composite matrix. These analyses approved good spherical shape and porous structure with nano-scale pores in the range of about 60-180nm. The results from the particle size analyzer (PSA) revealed that all the KC-Zn beads followed logarithmic normal size distribution with the range of 50-350?m and average diameter of 160-230?m, respectively. Main physical properties of KC-Zn matrices were measured as a function of zinc powder ratio to ?-carrageenan slurry, which showed an appropriate wet density in the range of 1.39-2.27g/ml, water content of 72.67-36.41% and porosity of 98.07-80.24%, respectively. The effects of matrix density and liquid phase viscosity on hydrodynamic behavior of prepared matrix have been investigated by residence time distribution (RTD) experiments in an expanded bed. The results indicated that in a constant liquid velocity as the matrix density was increased, the expansion factor of bed decreased and the axial mixing coefficient increased. Moreover, an enhancement in the fluid viscosity led to an increase in the bed expansion and a decrease in the stability of expanded bed. Therefore using a matrix with higher density seems necessary to face viscous feedstocks. All the results demonstrated that proper physical properties and hydrodynamic characteristics of KC-Zn matrix confirm good potential for possible use in high flow rate expanded bed operations. PMID:26187763
27 CFR 71.49a - Applications for operating permits and industrial use permits.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-04-01
...PRACTICES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PERMIT PROCEEDINGS Grounds for Citation § 71.49a Applications for operating permits and industrial...are not adequate to protect the revenue; He may issue a citation for the contemplated disapproval of the application....
27 CFR 71.49a - Applications for operating permits and industrial use permits.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-04-01
...PRACTICES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PERMIT PROCEEDINGS Grounds for Citation § 71.49a Applications for operating permits and industrial...are not adequate to protect the revenue; He may issue a citation for the contemplated disapproval of the application....
27 CFR 71.49a - Applications for operating permits and industrial use permits.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-04-01
...PRACTICES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PERMIT PROCEEDINGS Grounds for Citation § 71.49a Applications for operating permits and industrial...are not adequate to protect the revenue; He may issue a citation for the contemplated disapproval of the application....
27 CFR 71.49a - Applications for operating permits and industrial use permits.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-04-01
...PRACTICES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PERMIT PROCEEDINGS Grounds for Citation § 71.49a Applications for operating permits and industrial...are not adequate to protect the revenue; He may issue a citation for the contemplated disapproval of the application....
27 CFR 71.49a - Applications for operating permits and industrial use permits.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-04-01
...PRACTICES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PERMIT PROCEEDINGS Grounds for Citation § 71.49a Applications for operating permits and industrial...are not adequate to protect the revenue; He may issue a citation for the contemplated disapproval of the application....
Shan, Xiao; Connor, J N L
2014-08-21
This paper makes two applications of Heisenberg's S matrix program (HSMP) to the differential cross section (DCS) of the benchmark reaction F + H2(vi = 0, ji = 0, mi = 0) ? FH(vf = 3, jf = 3, mf = 0) + H, at a relative translational energy of 0.119 eV (total energy, 0.3872 eV), where v, j, m are vibrational, rotational, and helicity quantum numbers, respectively, for the initial and final states. (1) The first application employs a "weak" version of HSMP in which no potential energy surface (PES) is employed. It uses four simple S matrix parametrizations, two of which are piecewise continuous, and two are piecewise discontinuous, developed earlier by X. Shan and J. N. L. Connor (J. Phys. Chem. A 2012, 116, 11414-11426) for the state-to-state H + D2 reaction. We find that the small-angle DCS is reproduced for only ?R ? 10° when compared with the DCS for a numerical S matrix obtained in a large-scale quantum scattering computation using a PES. Here ?R is the reactive scattering angle. (2) In our second application, we ask the question "Can simple modifications to the parametrized S matrix be made in order to extend the agreement to larger angles?" To answer this question, we adopt a "hybrid" version of HSMP, as outlined by Shan and Connor (Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2011, 13, 8392-8406), which indirectly uses PES information. We make simple Gaussian-type modifications to both the modulus and argument of the S matrix. We then obtain agreement between the DCSs for the modified and numerical S matrices up to ?R ? 70°, a significant improvement compared with ?R ? 10° for the unmodified parametrizations. We find that modifying the argument but not the modulus, or modifying the modulus but not the argument, fails to extend the agreement to larger angles. A semiclassical analysis is used to prove that the enhanced small-angle scattering for the "modified-modulus-modified-argument" parametrized S matrix is an example of a forward glory. PMID:24844325
Jakimowicz, Aleksander
2009-10-01
The 7-fold interdisciplinary matrix is introduced. This integrated methodological point of view is original, although it is based on ideas of others in various ways. The name for this new approach draws on the Kuhnian notion of a disciplinary matrix. There are four components of the Kuhnian matrix on which the existence of scientific communities hinges: symbolic generalizations, models, values, and exemplars. In this context the term "paradigm" should refer to exemplars. The interdisciplinary matrix is composed of seven elements: cybernetics, catastrophe theory, fractal geometry, deterministic chaos, artificial intelligence, theory of complexity, and humanistic values. Scientific developments have recently brought substantial changes in the structure of scientific communities. Transferability of ideas and thoughts contributed to the creation of scientific communities, which unite representatives of various professions. When researching into certain phenomena we no longer need to develop theories for them from scratch, as we can draw on the achievements in other disciplines. Two examples of the employment of the interdisciplinary matrix in macroeconomics are elaborated here: the investment cycle model in socialist economy, and the model of economic transformation based on chaotic hysteresis. PMID:19781137
The matrix coalescent and an application to human single-nucleotide polymorphisms.
Wooding, Stephen; Rogers, Alan
2002-01-01
The "matrix coalescent" is a reformulation of the familiar coalescent process of population genetics. It ignores the topology of the gene tree and treats the coalescent as a Markov process describing the decay in the number of ancestors of a sample of genes as one proceeds backward in time. The matrix formulation of this process is convenient when the population changes in size, because such changes affect only the eigenvalues of the transition matrix, not the eigenvectors. The model is used here to calculate the expectation of the site frequency spectrum under various assumptions about population history. To illustrate how this method can be used with data, we then use it in conjunction with a set of SNPs to test hypotheses about the history of human population size. PMID:12196407
A mobile App for military operational entomology pesticide applications
Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)
Multiple field studies conducted for the Deployed War Fighter Protection (DWFP) research program have generated over 80 specific guidance points for innovative combinations of pesticide application equipment, pesticide formulations, and application techniques for aerosol and residual pesticide treat...
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Hunter, William F.
1967-01-01
A numerical method is Presented for determining the natural vibration frequencies, and the corresponding mode shapes, of a rotating cantilever beam which has a nonuniform, unsymmetrical cross section. Two coupled fourth-order differential equations of motion with variable coefficients are derived which govern the motion of such a beam having deformations in two directions. Through the development and utilization of the integrating matrix, the solution of the differential equations is obtained in the form of an eigenvalue problem. The solutions to the eigenvalue problem are determined by an iteration method based upon a special orthogonality relationship which is derived. Numerical examples, including an application to a twisted propeller blade, are presented with the results of the integrating matrix solutions being compared to exact solutions and experimental data.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-10-01
...2013-10-01 false Application requirements for earth stations operating with non-U.S. licensed...COMMUNICATIONS Applications and Licenses Earth Stations § 25.137 Application requirements for earth stations operating with non-U.S....
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-10-01
...2011-10-01 false Application requirements for earth stations operating with non-U.S. licensed...COMMUNICATIONS Applications and Licenses Earth Stations § 25.137 Application requirements for earth stations operating with non-U.S....
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-10-01
...2012-10-01 false Application requirements for earth stations operating with non-U.S. licensed...COMMUNICATIONS Applications and Licenses Earth Stations § 25.137 Application requirements for earth stations operating with non-U.S....
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-10-01
...2014-10-01 false Application requirements for earth stations operating with non-U.S. licensed...COMMUNICATIONS Applications and Licenses Earth Stations § 25.137 Application requirements for earth stations operating with non-U.S....
Finding Nonoverlapping Substructures of a Sparse Matrix
Pinar, Ali; Vassilevska, Virginia
2005-08-11
Many applications of scientific computing rely on computations on sparse matrices. The design of efficient implementations of sparse matrix kernels is crucial for the overall efficiency of these applications. Due to the high compute-to-memory ratio and irregular memory access patterns, the performance of sparse matrix kernels is often far away from the peak performance on a modern processor. Alternative data structures have been proposed, which split the original matrix A into A{sub d} and A{sub s}, so that A{sub d} contains all dense blocks of a specified size in the matrix, and A{sub s} contains the remaining entries. This enables the use of dense matrix kernels on the entries of A{sub d} producing better memory performance. In this work, we study the problem of finding a maximum number of nonoverlapping dense blocks in a sparse matrix, which is previously not studied in the sparse matrix community. We show that the maximum nonoverlapping dense blocks problem is NP-complete by using a reduction from the maximum independent set problem on cubic planar graphs. We also propose a 2/3-approximation algorithm that runs in linear time in the number of nonzeros in the matrix. This extended abstract focuses on our results for 2x2 dense blocks. However we show that our results can be generalized to arbitrary sized dense blocks, and many other oriented substructures, which can be exploited to improve the memory performance of sparse matrix operations.
Applications of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy to quality control of the epoxy matrix
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Antoon, M. K.; Starkey, K. M.; Koenig, J. L.
1979-01-01
The object of the paper is to demonstrate the utility of Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) difference spectra for investigating the composition of a neat epoxy resin, hardener, and catalysts. The composition and degree of cross-linking of the cured matrix is also considered.
A 4 × 2 switch matrix in QFN24 package for 0.5–3 GHz application
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yuzhe, Liu; Pengfei, Mu; Renjie, Gong; Jing, Wan; Yulin, Zhang; Yuepeng, Yan
2014-12-01
This paper presents a 4 × 2 switching matrix implemented in the Win 0.5 ?m GaAs pseudomorphic high electron mobility transistor process, it covers the 0.5–3 GHz frequency range. The switch matrix is composed of 4 SPDT switch whose two output ports can simultaneously select the input port and a 4 to 8 bit digital decoder, both the radio frequency (RF) part and the digital part are integrated into one single chip. The chip is packaged in a low cost QFN24 plastic package. On chip shunt, capacitors at the input ports are taken to compensate for the bonding wire inductance effect. The designed switch matrix shows a good measured performance: the insertion loss is less than 5.5 dB, the isolation is no worse than 30 dB, the return loss of input ports and output ports is better than ?10 dB, the input 1 dB compression point is better than 25.6 dBm, and the OIP3 is better than 37 dBm. The chip size of the switch matrix is only 1.45 × 1.45 mm2.
Anton Sculean; Frank Schwarz; Jürgen Becker; Michel Brecx
2007-01-01
Regenerative periodontal therapy aims at reconstitution of the lost periodontal structures such as new formation of root cementum, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. Findings from basic research indicate that enamel matrix protein derivative (EMD) has a key role in periodontal wound healing. Histological results from animal and human studies have shown that treatment with EMD promotes periodontal regeneration. Moreover, clinical
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Mishchenko, Michael I.; Travis, Larry D.; Mackowski, Daniel W.
2010-01-01
This note serves as a short introduction to the reprint of our article "T-matrix computations of light scattering by nonspherical particles: a review" (JQSRT 1996; 55:535:75). We first discuss the motivation for writing that article and explain its historical context. This is followed by a short overview of more recent developments.
Evaluation of matrix type mucoadhesive tablets containing indomethacin for buccal application.
Ikeuchi-Takahashi, Yuri; Sasatsu, Masanaho; Onishi, Hiraku
2013-09-10
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are administered for pain relief from oral mucositis. However, the systemic administration of NSAIDs is limited due to systemic side effects. To avoid these side effects and treat local lesions effectively, a matrix type mucoadhesive tablet was developed. A mixture of hard fat, ethylcellulose (EC) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) was used as a matrix base, and indomethacin (IMC) was used as the principal agent. In tablets consisting of hard fat, EC and IMC, the drug release was sustained. In tablets consisting of hard fat, EC, considerable amounts of PEG and IMC, the drug release was relatively increased and IMC existed as the molecular phase or in an amorphous state. The in vitro adhesive force of the tablets consisting of hard fat, EC, considerable amounts of PEG and IMC was significantly increased as compared with the tablets consisting of hard fat and IMC. A significantly high tissue concentration and significantly low plasma concentration were observed after buccal administration of this matrix type mucoadhesive tablet as compared with that after oral administration of IMC. Thus, the matrix type mucoadhesive tablet has good potential as a preparation for the treatment of pain due to oral aphtha. PMID:23791737
A Delphi-matrix approach to SEA and its application within the tourism sector in Taiwan
Kuo, N.-W. . E-mail: ibis@ntcn.edu.tw; Hsiao, T.-Y.; Yu, Y.-H.
2005-04-15
Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) is a procedural tool and within the framework of SEA, several different types of analytical methods can be used in the assessment. However, the impact matrix used currently in Taiwan has some disadvantages. Hence, a Delphi-matrix approach to SEA is proposed here to improve the performance of Taiwan's SEA. This new approach is based on the impact matrix combination with indicators of sustainability, and then the Delphi method is employed to collect experts' opinions. In addition, the assessment of National Floriculture Park Plan and Taiwan Flora 2008 Program is taken as an example to examine this new method. Although international exhibition is one of the important tourism (economic) activities, SEA is seldom about tourism sector. Finally, the Delphi-matrix approach to SEA for tourism development plan is established containing eight assessment topics and 26 corresponding categories. In summary, three major types of impacts: resources' usages, pollution emissions, and local cultures change are found. Resources' usages, such as water, electricity, and natural gas demand, are calculated on a per capita basis. Various forms of pollution resulting from this plan, such as air, water, soil, waste, and noise, are also identified.
LOW DIMENSIONAL POLYTOPE APPROXIMATION AND ITS APPLICATIONS TO NONNEGATIVE MATRIX FACTORIZATION
, the score obtained by entity j on variable i, A = [aik] Rm×p is a matrix with aik representing the loading×n with fkj denoting the score of factor k by entity j or the response of entity j to factor k. The particular to n samples. The mass balance Department of Mathematics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC
Near infra-red Mueller matrix imaging system and application to strain imaging
Aas, Lars Martin Sandvik; Kildemo, Morten
2011-01-01
We report on the design and performance of a near infra-red Mueller matrix imaging ellipsometer, and apply the instrument to strain imag- ing in near infra-red transparent solids. Particularly, we show that the instrument can be used to investigate complex strain domains in multi-crystalline silicon wafers.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Constantinescu, Catalin; Matei, Andreea; Ion, Valentin; Mitu, Bogdana; Ionita, Iulian; Dinescu, Maria; Luculescu, Catalin. R.; Vasiliu, Cristina; Emandi, Ana
2014-05-01
Thin films of ferrocene carboxaldehyde, also known as cyclopentadienyl(formylcyclopentadienyl)iron, were grown on silicon and glass substrates by matrix-assisted pulsed laser evaporation technique, using a Nd:YAG device operating at 266 nm (4?). Spectroscopic-ellipsometry, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy investigations revealed that the films are homogeneous in thickness, with dense morphology and without cracks, low surface roughness (?11 nm), and no significant chemical damage. Second harmonic generation capabilities of the thin films were evidenced by using a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser.
JON A. TURNER; ROBERT A. KARASEK JR
1984-01-01
Evidence is reviewed that the operating characteristics of computer application systems, in addition to physical characteristics of display units (CRTs), are the cause of many observed effects on operator health and task effectiveness. These effects are hypothesized to occur through changes in task structure, and the man-machine redivision of labour that results when computer application systems are introduced into work
Matrix differentiation formulas
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Usikov, D. A.; Tkhabisimov, D. K.
1983-01-01
A compact differentiation technique (without using indexes) is developed for scalar functions that depend on complex matrix arguments which are combined by operations of complex conjugation, transposition, addition, multiplication, matrix inversion and taking the direct product. The differentiation apparatus is developed in order to simplify the solution of extremum problems of scalar functions of matrix arguments.
Nonbacktracking operator for the Ising model and its applications in systems with multiple states.
Zhang, Pan
2015-04-01
The nonbacktracking operator for a graph is the adjacency matrix defined on directed edges of the graph. The operator was recently shown to perform optimally in spectral clustering in sparse synthetic graphs and have a deep connection to belief propagation algorithm. In this paper we consider nonbacktracking operator for Ising model on a general graph with a general coupling distribution and study the spectrum of this operator analytically. We show that spectral algorithms based on this operator is equivalent to belief propagation algorithm linearized at the paramagnetic fixed point and recovers replica-symmetry results on phase boundaries obtained by replica methods. This operator can be applied directly to systems with multiple states like Hopfield model. We show that spectrum of the operator can be used to determine number of patterns that stored successfully in the network, and the associated eigenvectors can be used to retrieve all the patterns simultaneously. We also give an example on how to control the Hopfield model, i.e., making network more sparse while keeping patterns stable, using the nonbacktracking operator and matrix perturbation theory. PMID:25974451
Nonbacktracking operator for the Ising model and its applications in systems with multiple states
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Zhang, Pan
2015-04-01
The nonbacktracking operator for a graph is the adjacency matrix defined on directed edges of the graph. The operator was recently shown to perform optimally in spectral clustering in sparse synthetic graphs and have a deep connection to belief propagation algorithm. In this paper we consider nonbacktracking operator for Ising model on a general graph with a general coupling distribution and study the spectrum of this operator analytically. We show that spectral algorithms based on this operator is equivalent to belief propagation algorithm linearized at the paramagnetic fixed point and recovers replica-symmetry results on phase boundaries obtained by replica methods. This operator can be applied directly to systems with multiple states like Hopfield model. We show that spectrum of the operator can be used to determine number of patterns that stored successfully in the network, and the associated eigenvectors can be used to retrieve all the patterns simultaneously. We also give an example on how to control the Hopfield model, i.e., making network more sparse while keeping patterns stable, using the nonbacktracking operator and matrix perturbation theory.
APPLICATION OF OPERANT CONDITIONING IN A COLLEGE READING CENTER.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
WARK, DAVID M.
THE USES OF OPERANT CONDITIONING TECHNIQUES IN A COLLEGE READING AND STUDY SKILLS CENTER ARE DISCUSSED IN RELATION TO RESEARCH FINDINGS. OPERANT TECHNIQUES WERE USEFUL IN GATHERING DATA ON STUDENT BEHAVIOR AS WELL AS IN INCREASING THE PRECISION OF THE DATA GATHERED. THE EFFECT OF THESE TECHNIQUES ON READING AND HANDWRITING RATE ARE DISCUSSED AND…
P. K. Rohatgi; Nikhil Gupta
2006-01-01
This paper summarizes attempts of incorporating fly ash into aluminum castings to decrease the energy content, material content, cost, and weight of selected industrial components, while also improving selected properties. It is shown that fly ash can be incorporated in aluminum alloy matrix using stir casting and pressure infiltration techniques. The sand and permanent mold castings, which included differential covers,
RoboCon: Operator interface for robotic applications
Schempf, H.; Warwick, J.; Fung, M.; Chemel, B.; Blackwell, M.
1996-12-31
Carnegie Mellon U. and ORNL`s Robotics and Process Systems Division are developing a state-of-the-art robot operator control station (RoboCon) with standardized hardware and software control interfaces to be adaptable to a variety of remote and robotic equipment currently funded by DOE`s Office of Science & Technology Robotics Technology Development Program. The human operation and telerobotic and supervisory control of sophisticated and remote and robotic systems is a complex, tiring, and non-intuitive activity. Since decontamination & decommissioning, selective equipment removal, mixed waste operations, and in-tank cleanup are going to be a major future activity in DOE environmental restoration and waste management cleanup agenda, it seems necessary to utilize an operator control station and interface which maximizes operator comfort and productivity.
Application of Genetic Algorithms in Colombian Interconnected Power System Operative Planning
Jaime A. Valencia; Walter M. Villa; Esteban Velilla; G. Marin A; José I. Gutiérrez; Mónica M. Montoya
2009-01-01
Each interconnected electric system has to define its operating mode and how expansion and operation planning are made. This paper presents the first phase of the work of implementing a tool with application to Colombian power system operative planning. The tool uses genetic algorithms to optimize the cost functions that arise in which the elements of the system are the
Linguistic Types and the Valence of Operators in Applicative Universal Grammar.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Sypniewski, Bernard Paul
The relationship between linguistic types and the valence of operators on the genotype level of Applicative Universal Grammar (AUG) is examined. Assuming that the "t" and "s" types may be treated as zero-place operators, a relationship is found between the valence of an operator and its genotype, which explains the difference between types…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Alpert, J. C.; Rutledge, G.; Wang, J.; Freeman, P.; Kang, C. Y.
2009-05-01
The NOAA Operational Modeling Archive Distribution System (NOMADS) is now delivering high availability services as part of NOAA's official real time data dissemination at its Web Operations Center (WOC). The WOC is a web service used by all organizational units in NOAA and acts as a data repository where public information can be posted to a secure and scalable content server. A goal is to foster collaborations among the research and education communities, value added retailers, and public access for science and development efforts aimed at advancing modeling and GEO-related tasks. The services used to access the operational model data output are the Open-source Project for a Network Data Access Protocol (OPeNDAP), implemented with the Grid Analysis and Display System (GrADS) Data Server (GDS), and applications for slicing, dicing and area sub-setting the large matrix of real time model data holdings. This approach insures an efficient use of computer resources because users transmit/receive only the data necessary for their tasks including metadata. Data sets served in this way with a high availability server offer vast possibilities for the creation of new products for value added retailers and the scientific community. New applications to access data and observations for verification of gridded model output, and progress toward integration with access to conventional and non-conventional observations will be discussed. We will demonstrate how users can use NOMADS services to repackage area subsets either using repackaging of GRIB2 files, or values selected by ensemble component, (forecast) time, vertical levels, global horizontal location, and by variable, virtually a 6- Dimensional analysis services across the internet.
Gernot Akemann; Elmar Bittner; Maria-Paola Lombardo; Harald Markum; Rainer Pullirsch
2004-09-12
We investigate the eigenvalue spectrum of the staggered Dirac matrix in two color QCD at finite chemical potential. The profiles of complex eigenvalues close to the origin are compared to a complex generalization of the chiral Gaussian Symplectic Ensemble, confirming its predictions for weak and strong non-Hermiticity. They differ from the QCD symmetry class with three colors by a level repulsion from both the real and imaginary axis.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Caruso, J. J.; Chamis, C. C.; Trowbridge, D.
1989-01-01
The mechanics of materials approach (definition of E, G, nu, and alpha) and the finite element method are used to explore the effects of partial bonding and fiber fracture on the behavior of high temperature metal matrix composites. Composite ply properties are calculated for various degrees of disbonding to evaluate the sensitivity of these properties to the presence of fiber/matrix disbonding and fiber fracture. The mechanics of materials approach allows for the determination of the basic ply material properties needed for design/analysis of composites. The finite element method provides the necessary structural response (forces and displacements) for the mechanics of materials equations. Results show that disbonding of fractured fibers affect only E-l(11) and alpha-l(11) significantly.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Caruso, J. J.; Trowbridge, D.; Chamis, C. C.
1989-01-01
The mechanics of materials approach (definition of E, G, Nu, and Alpha) and the finite element method are used to explore the effects of partial bonding and fiber fracture on the behavior of high temperature metal matrix composites. Composite ply properties are calculated for various degrees of disbonding to evaluate the sensitivity of these properties to the presence of fiber/matrix disbonding and fiber fracture. The mechanics of materials approach allows for the determination of the basic ply material properties needed for design/analysis of composites. The finite element method provides the necessary structural response (forces and displacements) for the mechanics of materials equations. Results show that disbonding of fractured fibers affect only E sub (111) and alpha sub (111) significantly.
Application of random matrix theory to microarray data for discovering functional gene modules
Luo, F. [Xiangtan University, Xiangtan Hunan, China; Zhong, Jianxin [ORNL; Yang, Y. F. [unknown; Zhou, Jizhong [ORNL
2006-03-01
We show that spectral fluctuation of coexpression correlation matrices of yeast gene microarray profiles follows the description of the Gaussian orthogonal ensemble (GOE) of the random matrix theory (RMT) and removal of small values of the correlation coefficients results in a transition from the GOE statistics to the Poisson statistics of the RMT. This transition is directly related to the structural change of the gene expression network from a global network to a network of isolated modules.
Maho Nakata; Masahiro Ehara; Hiroshi Nakatsuji
2002-01-01
The density matrix variational theory (DMVT) algorithm developed previously [J. Chem. Phys. 114, 8282 (2001)] was utilized for calculations of the potential energy surfaces of molecules, H4, H2O, NH3, BH3, CO, N2, C2, and Be2. The DMVT(PQG), using the P, Q, and G conditions as subsidiary condition, reproduced the full-CI curves very accurately even up to the dissociation limit. The
Superelement methods applications to micromechanics of high temperature metal matrix composites
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Caruso, J. J.; Chamis, C. C.
1988-01-01
Adaptation of the superelement finite-element method for micromechanics of continuous fiber high temperature metal matrix composites (HT-MMC) is described. The method is used to predict the thermomechanical behavior of P100-graphite/copper composites using MSC/NASTRAN and it is also used to validate those predicted by using an in-house computer program designed to perform micromechanics for HT-MMC. Typical results presented in the paper include unidirectional composite thermal properties, mechanical properties, and microstresses.
Jia, Hongjun; Martinez, Aleix M
2009-05-01
The task of finding a low-rank (r) matrix that best fits an original data matrix of higher rank is a recurring problem in science and engineering. The problem becomes especially difficult when the original data matrix has some missing entries and contains an unknown additive noise term in the remaining elements. The former problem can be solved by concatenating a set of r-column matrices that share a common single r-dimensional solution space. Unfortunately, the number of possible submatrices is generally very large and, hence, the results obtained with one set of r-column matrices will generally be different from that captured by a different set. Ideally, we would like to find that solution that is least affected by noise. This requires that we determine which of the r-column matrices (i.e., which of the original feature points) are less influenced by the unknown noise term. This paper presents a criterion to successfully carry out such a selection. Our key result is to formally prove that the more distinct the r vectors of the r-column matrices are, the less they are swayed by noise. This key result is then combined with the use of a noise model to derive an upper bound for the effect that noise and occlusions have on each of the r-column matrices. It is shown how this criterion can be effectively used to recover the noise-free matrix of rank r. Finally, we derive the affine and projective structure-from-motion (SFM) algorithms using the proposed criterion. Extensive validation on synthetic and real data sets shows the superiority of the proposed approach over the state of the art. PMID:19299859
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Dupraz, K.; Cassou, K.; Martens, A.; Zomer, F.
2015-10-01
The ABCD matrix for parabolic reflectors is derived for any incident angles. It is used in numerical studies of four-mirror cavities composed of two flat and two parabolic mirrors. Constraints related to laser beam injection efficiency, optical stability, cavity-mode, beam-waist size and high stacking power are satisfied. A dedicated alignment procedure leading to stigmatic cavity-modes is employed to overcome issues related to the optical alignment of parabolic reflectors.
Data-driven optimization and analytics for operations management applications
Uichanco, Joline Ann Villaranda
2013-01-01
In this thesis, we study data-driven decision making in operation management contexts, with a focus on both theoretical and practical aspects. The first part of the thesis analyzes the well-known newsvendor model but under ...
Improve Boiler System Operations- Application of Statistical Process Control
Scarr, D.; Shea, D.
1989-01-01
by improving steam boiler and boiler feedwater system operations. The processes were experiencing high maintenance cost due to metering pump and analyzer failures, equipment failures and fouling due to poor control of chemical treatment, and steam vent losses...
HIERARCHICAL MULTIHOST BASED OPERATING SYSTEM FOR SIMULTANEOUS MULTIPLE APPLICATION
John, Lizy Kurian
focusing on supercomputing architectures and brain modelling. The thrust is towards evolving a simulation on the concept of simulated annealing and population theory [6] [7]. The simultaneous application mapping
Research and operational applications in multi-center ensemble forecasting
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Zhu, Y.; Toth, Z.
2009-05-01
The North American Ensemble Forecast System (NAEFS) was built up in 2004 by the Meteorological Service of Canada (MSC), the National Meteorological Service of Mexico (NMSM), and the US National Weather Service (NWS) as an operational multi-center ensemble forecast system. Currently it combines the 20-member MSC and NWS ensembles to form a joint ensemble of 40 members twice a day. The joint ensemble forecast, after bias correction and statistical downscaling, is used to generate a suite of products for CONUS, North America and for other regions of the globe. The THORPEX Interactive Grand Global Ensemble (TIGGE) project has been established a few years ago to collect operational global ensemble forecasts from world centers, and distribute to the scientific community, to encourage research leading to the acceleration of improvements in the skill and utility of high impact weather forecasts. TIGGE research is expected to advise the development of the operational NAEFS system and eventually the two projects are expected to converge into a single operational system, the Global Interactive Forecast System (GIFS). This presentation will review recent developments, the current status, and plans related to the TIGGE research and NAEFS operational multi-center ensemble projects.
New representation of the multimode phase shifting operator and its application
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wang, Shuai; Jiang, Ji-Jian; Xu, Shi-Min; Li, Hong-Qi
2010-01-01
Based on the rotation transformation in phase space and the technique of integration within an ordered product of operators, the coherent state representation of the multimode phase shifting operator and one of its new applications in quantum mechanics are given. It is proved that the coherent state is a natural language for describing the phase shifting operator or multimode phase shifting operator. The multimode phase shifting operator is also a useful tool to solve the dynamic problems of the multimode coordinate-momentum coupled harmonic oscillators. The exact energy spectra and eigenstates of such multimode coupled harmonic oscillators can be easily obtained by using the multimode phase shifting operator.
Operator assistant systems - An experimental approach using a telerobotics application
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Boy, Guy A.; Mathe, Nathalie
1993-01-01
This article presents a knowledge-based system methodology for developing operator assistant (OA) systems in dynamic and interactive environments. This is a problem both of training and design, which is the subject of this article. Design includes both design of the system to be controlled and design of procedures for operating this system. A specific knowledge representation is proposed for representing the corresponding system and operational knowledge. This representation is based on the situation recognition and analytical reasoning paradigm. It tries to make explicit common factors involved in both human and machine intelligence, including perception and reasoning. An OA system based on this representation has been developed for space telerobotics. Simulations have been carried out with astronauts and the resulting protocols have been analyzed. Results show the relevance of the approach and have been used for improving the knowledge representation and the OA architecture.
Grcar, Joseph F.
2002-02-04
A matrix lower bound is defined that generalizes ideas apparently due to S. Banach and J. von Neumann. The matrix lower bound has a natural interpretation in functional analysis, and it satisfies many of the properties that von Neumann stated for it in a restricted case. Applications for the matrix lower bound are demonstrated in several areas. In linear algebra, the matrix lower bound of a full rank matrix equals the distance to the set of rank-deficient matrices. In numerical analysis, the ratio of the matrix norm to the matrix lower bound is a condition number for all consistent systems of linear equations. In optimization theory, the matrix lower bound suggests an identity for a class of min-max problems. In real analysis, a recursive construction that depends on the matrix lower bound shows that the level sets of continuously differential functions lie asymptotically near those of their tangents.
MIL-H-8501B: Application to shipboard terminal operations
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Cappetta, A. N.; Johns, J. B.
1993-01-01
The philosophy and structure of the proposed U.S. Military Specification for Handling Qualities Requirements for Military Rotorcraft, MIL-H-8501B, are presented with emphasis on shipboard terminal operations. The impact of current and future naval operational requirements on the selection of appropriate combinations of basic vehicle dynamics and usable cue environments are identified. An example 'walk through' of MIL-H-8501B is conducted from task identification to determination of stability and control requirements. For selected basic vehicle dynamics, criteria as a function of input/response magnitude are presented. Additionally, rotorcraft design development implications are discussed.
Assessment of Erosion Resistance of Coated Polymer Matrix Composites for Propulsion Applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Miyoshi, Kazuhisa; Sutter, James K.; Horan, Richard A.; Naik, Subhash K.; Cupp, Randall J.
2004-01-01
The erosion behavior of tungsten carbide-cobalt (WC-Co) coated and uncoated polymer matrix composites (PMCs) was examined with solid particle impingement using air jets. Erosion tests were conducted with Arizona road dust impinging at 20 degrees, 60 degrees, and 90 degrees angles at a velocity of 229 meters per second at both 294 and 366 K. Noncontact optical profilometry was used to measure the wear volume loss. Results indicate that the WC-Co coating enhanced erosion resistance and reduced erosion wear volume loss by a factor of nearly 2. This should contribute to longer wear lives, reduced related breakdowns, decreased maintenance costs, and increased product reliability.
Application of the residue number system to the matrix multiplication problem
Chard, Gary Franklin
1989-01-01
Page 39 MAC Computing Structure Input Matrix Coefficient Timzng Algorithm Simulatzon Development Algorithm Simulation 45 V DESIGN DEVELOPMENT 5. 1 5. 2 5. 3 Res' due System Specificatzons Multiply and Add Cell 5. 2. 1 MAC Functional.... 1 MAC Simulation 6. 2. 2 Input Simulation 6. 2. 3 Output Simulation 6. 2. 4 Global Considerations 88 89 91 93 95 6. 3 Residue Design Area Calculations 6. 3. 1 MAC Area 6. 3. 2 Input Translation Area 6. 3. 3 Output Translation Area 6. 3. 4...
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Snyder, David A.; Zhang, Fengli; Robinette, Steven L.; Bruschweiler-Li, Lei; Brüschweiler, Rafael
2008-02-01
A central problem in the emerging field of metabolomics is how to identify the compounds comprising a chemical mixture of biological origin. NMR spectroscopy can greatly assist in this identification process, by means of multi-dimensional correlation spectroscopy, particularly total correlation spectroscopy (TOCSY). This Communication demonstrates how non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) provides an efficient means of data reduction and clustering of TOCSY spectra for the identification of unique traces representing the NMR spectra of individual compounds. The method is applied to a metabolic mixture whose compounds could be unambiguously identified by peak matching of NMF components against the BMRB metabolomics database.
Wilson, N.K.; Childers, J.W.; Barbour, R.K.
1988-01-01
Gas chromatography combined with matrix-isolation infrared spectroscopy (GC/MI-IR) enables identification and quantification of components of complex mixtures by infrared spectroscopy at levels of a few nanograms. These levels are several orders of magnitude lower than those achieved by light-pipe-based infrared measurements. Researchers used GC/MI-IR to identify polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons in extracts of several types of air samples, including ambient-air particulate matter, diesel engine exhaust, and wood smoke. Included are examples of these analyses and a discussion of the on-going research using MI-IR for identification of unknown compounds associated with the highly mutagenic fractions of air samples.
Application and Operation of Audiovisual Equipment in Education.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Pula, Fred John
Interest in audiovisual aids in education has been increased by the shortage of classrooms and good teachers and by the modern predisposition toward learning by visual concepts. Effective utilization of audiovisual materials and equipment depends most importantly, on adequate preparation of the teacher in operating equipment and in coordinating…
Fabric Filter Applications on Coke Oven Pushing Operations
James E. Bratina
1979-01-01
Coke oven pushing emissions containing quantities of tars and dust require new approaches to adapt fabric filter collectors. This paper deals with the Wheelabrator\\/Taisei precoat filter systems being used on coke oven pushing operations. The Taisei test program and the filter installation at Tokyo Gas are discussed. The variables to be evaluated in the design of a fabric filter emission
Applications of Optimal Building Energy System Selection and Operation
Marnay, Chris; Stadler, Michael; Siddiqui, Afzal; DeForest, Nicholas; Donadee, Jon; Bhattacharya, Prajesh; Lai, Judy
2011-04-01
Berkeley Lab has been developing the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM) for several years. Given load curves for energy services requirements in a building microgrid (u grid), fuel costs and other economic inputs, and a menu of available technologies, DER-CAM finds the optimum equipment fleet and its optimum operating schedule using a mixed integer linear programming approach. This capability is being applied using a software as a service (SaaS) model. Optimisation problems are set up on a Berkeley Lab server and clients can execute their jobs as needed, typically daily. The evolution of this approach is demonstrated by description of three ongoing projects. The first is a public access web site focused on solar photovoltaic generation and battery viability at large commercial and industrial customer sites. The second is a building CO2 emissions reduction operations problem for a University of California, Davis student dining hall for which potential investments are also considered. And the third, is both a battery selection problem and a rolling operating schedule problem for a large County Jail. Together these examples show that optimization of building u grid design and operation can be effectively achieved using SaaS.
Decorrelating capabilities of operations with application to decoherence
Luo Shunlong; Fu Shuangshuang; Li Nan
2010-11-15
Decoherence, interpreted broadly, is essentially the leakage of system information into the environment and is often accompanied by dissipation. The basic questions arise: how to quantify decoherence induced by an operation and how to quantitatively compare decoherence induced by different operations. In this paper, based on a joint ancilla-system-environment tripartite purification for the initial system state and the operation, and by exploiting the intrinsic relations between the loss of correlations in the ancilla-system and the correlations established in the system-environment, we characterize and quantify decoherence from a decorrelating perspective. For this purpose, we first address the issue of separating and quantifying the classical and quantum parts of decorrelation. By use of the canonical isomorphism between operations and bipartite states, we propose two intrinsic decorrelation measures: One is the classical decorrelation based on the loss of classical correlations, and the other is the quantum decorrelation based on the loss of quantum correlations. With the help of quantum decorrelation, we introduce an intuitive measure of (quantum) decoherence. We further employ these informational quantities to analyze some widely used channels such as the complete decoherent channel, the depolarizing channel, the bit-flip channel, the transpose depolarizing channel, the amplitude damping channel, and the phase damping channel. Our analysis illustrates the intriguing interplay between classical and quantum decorrelations and sheds some light on the informational nature of decoherence.
Atmospheric pressure dc corona discharges: operating regimes and potential applications
Dion S Antao; David A Staack; Alexander Fridman; Bakhtier Farouk
2009-01-01
The operating regimes and the structures of dc corona discharges in air, nitrogen, helium and hydrogen–methane mixtures are studied for a point to plate electrode configuration. The characteristics of the dc negative corona discharge are investigated. In addition to the bright glow at the cathode (pin) region, a uniform diffuse glow is observed near the anode (plate) surface for the
The application of NAVSTAR Differential GPS to civil helicopter operations
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Beser, J.; Parkinson, B. W.
1981-01-01
Principles concerning the operation of the NAVSTAR Global Positioning Systems (GPS) are discussed. Selective availability issues concerning NAVSTAR GPS and differential GPS concepts are analyzed. Civil support and market potential for differential GPS are outlined. It is concluded that differential GPS provides a variation on the baseline GPS system, and gives an assured, uninterrupted level of accuracy for the civilian community.
Application of quadratures and operator splitting to partial differential equations
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sánchez-Bernabe, Francisco J.; Salcedo, J.
2013-02-01
In this work we study the stability of a method for the numerical solution of initial value problems, that combines finite differences with Simpson's rule. This method is applied to a one spatial dimension, convection-dominated transport problem. To solve the same problem in two spatial dimensions, the proposed method was used in combination with Strang's operator decomposition method.
Operational excellence (six sigma) philosophy: Application to software quality assurance
Lackner, M.
1997-11-01
This report contains viewgraphs on operational excellence philosophy of six sigma applied to software quality assurance. This report outlines the following: goal of six sigma; six sigma tools; manufacturing vs administrative processes; Software quality assurance document inspections; map software quality assurance requirements document; failure mode effects analysis for requirements document; measuring the right response variables; and questions.
Design, fabrication, and operation of hybrid bionanodevices for biomedical applications
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Tucker, Robert Matthew
Cells are the fundamental building blocks of life. Despite their simplicity, cells are extremely versatile, performing a variety of functions including detection, signaling, and repair. While current biomedical devices operate at the organ level, the next generation will operate at the cellular level, combining the nanoscale machinery of cells with the mechanical robustness of synthetic materials in the form of new hybrid devices. This thesis presents advances in four topics concerning the development of nanomedical devices: fabrication, stabilization, control, and operation. First, as feature sizes decrease from the milli- and microscale towards the nanoscale, new fabrication methods must be developed. A new rapid prototyping technique using confocal microscopy was used to produce freely-programmable high-resolution protein patterns of functional motor proteins on thermo-responsive polymer surfaces. Second, hybrid device operation should be temperature-independent, but most biological components have strong responses to temperature fluctuations. To counter operational fluctuations, the temperature-dependent enzymatic activity was characterized for two types of molecular motors with the goal of developing a bionanosystem which is stabilized against temperature fluctuations. Third, replacing electromechanical systems consisting of pumps and batteries with proteins that directly convert chemical potential into mechanical energy increases the efficiency and decreases the size of the bionanodevice, but requires new control methods. An enzymatic network was developed in which fuel was photolytically released to activate molecular shuttles, excess fuel was sequestered using an enzyme, and spatial and temporal control of the system was achieved. Finally, chemically powered bionanodevices will require high-precision nano- and microscale actuators. A two-part hybrid actuator was designed, which consists of a molecular motor-coated synthetic macroscale forcer and a microtubule-based stator. Methods to create and characterize the stator were developed, which can be used to optimize the force generation of the device.
The Matrix Element Method and its Application to Measurements of the Top Quark Mass
Frank Fiedler; Alexander Grohsjean; Petra Haefner; Philipp Schieferdecker
2010-09-24
The most precise measurements of the top quark mass are based on the Matrix Element method. We present a detailed description of this analysis method, taking the measurements of the top quark mass in final states with one and two charged leptons as concrete examples. In addition, we show how the Matrix Element method is suitable to reduce the dominant systematic uncertainties related to detector effects, by treating the absolute energy scales for b-quark and light-quark jets independently as free parameters in a simultaneous fit together with the top quark mass. While the determination of the light-quark jet energy scale has already been applied in several recent measurements, the separate determination of the absolute b-quark jet energy scale is a novel technique with the prospect of reducing the overall uncertainty on the top quark mass in the final measurements at the Tevatron and in analyses at the LHC experiments. The procedure is tested on Monte Carlo generated events with a realistic detector resolution.
Sharma, Archana; Bhat, Sumrita; Vishnoi, Tanushree; Nayak, Vijayashree; Kumar, Ashok
2013-01-01
A tissue-engineered polymeric scaffold should provide suitable macroporous structure similar to that of extracellular matrix which can induce cellular activities and guide tissue regeneration. Cryogelation is a technique in which appropriate monomers or polymeric precursors frozen at sub-zero temperature leads to the formation of supermacroporous cryogel matrices. In this study carrageenan-gelatin (natural polymers) cryogels were synthesized by using glutaraldehyde and 1-ethyl-3-[3-dimethylaminopropyl] carbodiimide hydrochloride and N-hydroxysuccinimide (EDC-NHS) as crosslinking agent at optimum concentrations. Matrices showed large and interconnected pores which were in the range of 60-100 ?m diameter. Unconfined compression analysis showed elasticity and physical integrity of all cryogels, as these matrices regained their original length after 90% compressing from the original size. Moreover Young's modulus was found to be in the range of 4-11 kPa for the dry cryogel sections. These cryogels also exhibited good in vitro degradation capacity at 37 °C within 4 weeks of incubation. Supermacroporous carrageenan-gelatin cryogels showed efficient cell adherence and proliferation of Cos-7 cells which was examined by SEM. PI nuclear stain was used to observe cell-matrix interaction. Cytotoxicity of the scaffolds was checked by MTT assay which showed that cryogels are biocompatible and act as a potential material for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. PMID:23936806
An investigation into the application of expert systems to matrix treatment design
Cram, R.S.; Hendrickson, A.R.
1986-01-01
The design of a Matrix Treatment can be an involved procedure requiring considerable knowledge and experience in order to maximize return on investment and improve the success of the treatment. Some of the major decisions which must be made during the design process include the selection of the optimum base fluid followed by the choice of the required additives and the size of the proposed treatment. All of these decisions are crucial to the success or failure of the treatment and a great deal of expertise is required to ensure that the best choices are made. The total number of possible combinations of base fluids and additives available to the design engineer are numbered in the hundreds. In many cases however certain additives are either not compatible with other additives or they are not compatible with materials in the formation. This can result in the total failure of a matrix treatment in the event that such a possibility is overlooked. The introduction of expert system shells has made it possible to develop expert systems which can be used to guide and advise design engineers in selecting the best type of treatment for a given set of circumstances so reducing the possibility of important factors being overlooked. This paper examines several different types of expert system shells and includes examples of how the different systems lend themselves to establishing guidelines in selecting the best fluids (acid and non-acid base) in treatment design.
Sharma, Archana; Bhat, Sumrita; Vishnoi, Tanushree; Nayak, Vijayashree; Kumar, Ashok
2013-01-01
A tissue-engineered polymeric scaffold should provide suitable macroporous structure similar to that of extracellular matrix which can induce cellular activities and guide tissue regeneration. Cryogelation is a technique in which appropriate monomers or polymeric precursors frozen at sub-zero temperature leads to the formation of supermacroporous cryogel matrices. In this study carrageenan-gelatin (natural polymers) cryogels were synthesized by using glutaraldehyde and 1-ethyl-3-[3-dimethylaminopropyl] carbodiimide hydrochloride and N-hydroxysuccinimide (EDC-NHS) as crosslinking agent at optimum concentrations. Matrices showed large and interconnected pores which were in the range of 60–100??m diameter. Unconfined compression analysis showed elasticity and physical integrity of all cryogels, as these matrices regained their original length after 90% compressing from the original size. Moreover Young's modulus was found to be in the range of 4–11?kPa for the dry cryogel sections. These cryogels also exhibited good in vitro degradation capacity at 37 °C within 4 weeks of incubation. Supermacroporous carrageenan-gelatin cryogels showed efficient cell adherence and proliferation of Cos-7 cells which was examined by SEM. PI nuclear stain was used to observe cell-matrix interaction. Cytotoxicity of the scaffolds was checked by MTT assay which showed that cryogels are biocompatible and act as a potential material for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. PMID:23936806
Particulate Titanium Matrix Composites Tested-Show Promise for Space Propulsion Applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Thesken, John C.; Lerch, Bradley A.; Arnold, Steven M.
2003-01-01
New manufacturing technologies can now produce uniformly distributed particle strengthened titanium matrix composites (TMCs) at lower cost than many types of continuous-fiber composites. The innovative process results in near-final-shape components having a material stiffness up to 26-percent greater than that of components made with conventional titanium materials. This benefit is achieved with no significant increase in the weight of the component. The improved mechanical performance and low-cost manufacturing capability motivated a review of particulate-reinforced metal composite technology as a way to lower the cost and weight of space-access propulsion systems. Focusing on the elevated-temperature properties of titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V as the matrix material, researchers at the NASA Glenn Research Center conducted experiments to verify the improved performance of the alloy containing 10 wt% of ceramic titanium carbide (TiC) particles. The appropriate blend of metal and ceramic powder underwent a series of cold and hot isostatic pressing procedures to yield bar stock. A set of round dogbone specimens was manufactured from a small sample of the bars. The TMC material proved to have good machinability at this particle concentration as there was no difficulty in producing high-quality specimens.
Application of the effective Fisher matrix to the frequency domain inspiral waveforms
Hee-Suk Cho; Chang-Hwan Lee
2014-11-20
The Fisher matrix (FM) has been generally used to predict the accuracy of the gravitational wave parameter estimation. Although a limitation of the FM has been well known, it is still mainly used due to its very low computational cost compared to the Monte Carlo simulations. Recently, Rodriguez et al. [Phys. Rev. D 88, 084013 (2013)] performed Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) simulations for nonspinning binary systems with total masses $M \\leq 20 M_{\\odot}$, they found systematic differences between the predictions from FM and MCMC for $M>10 M_{\\odot}$. On the other hand, an effective Fisher matrix (eFM) was recently introduced by Cho et al. [Phys. Rev. D 87, 24004 (2013)]. The eFM is a semi-analytic approach to the standard FM, in which the partial derivative is taken by a quadratic fitting function to the local overlap surface. In this work, we apply the eFM method to several nonspinning binary systems and find that the error bounds in eFM are qualitatively in good agreement with the MCMC results of Rodriguez et al. in all mass regions. In particular, we provide concrete examples showing an importance of taking into account the template-dependent frequency cutoff of the inspiral waveforms.
Zhi, Ruicong; Flierl, Markus; Ruan, Qiuqi; Kleijn, W Bastiaan
2011-02-01
In this paper, a novel graph-preserving sparse nonnegative matrix factorization (GSNMF) algorithm is proposed for facial expression recognition. The GSNMF algorithm is derived from the original NMF algorithm by exploiting both sparse and graph-preserving properties. The latter may contain the class information of the samples. Therefore, GSNMF can be conducted as an unsupervised or a supervised dimension reduction method. A sparse representation of the facial images is obtained by minimizing the l(1)-norm of the basis images. Furthermore, according to the graph embedding theory, the neighborhood of the samples is preserved by retaining the graph structure in the mapped space. The GSNMF decomposition transforms the high-dimensional facial expression images into a locality-preserving subspace with sparse representation. To guarantee convergence, we use the projected gradient method to calculate the nonnegative solution of GSNMF. Experiments are conducted on the JAFFE database and the Cohn-Kanade database with unoccluded and partially occluded facial images. The results show that the GSNMF algorithm provides better facial representations and achieves higher recognition rates than nonnegative matrix factorization. Moreover, GSNMF is also more robust to partial occlusions than other tested methods. PMID:20403788
Verdú, Sergio
information over the channel fading coefficients, represents the fun- damental operational limit in the regime has emerged on the fundamental information-theoretic limits of various wireless communication channels
Applications of Genetic Methods to NASA Design and Operations Problems
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Laird, Philip D.
1996-01-01
We review four recent NASA-funded applications in which evolutionary/genetic methods are important. In the process we survey: the kinds of problems being solved today with these methods; techniques and tools used; problems encountered; and areas where research is needed. The presentation slides are annotated briefly at the top of each page.
U.S. Forward Operating Base Applications of Nuclear Power
Griffith, George W.
2015-01-01
This paper provides a high level overview of current nuclear power technology and the potential use of nuclear power at military bases. The size, power ranges, and applicability of nuclear power units for military base power are reviewed. Previous and current reactor projects are described to further define the potential for nuclear power for military power.
FIELD APPLICATIONS OF ROBOTIC SYSTEMS IN HAZARDOUS WASTE SITE OPERATIONS
The cleanup of hazardous waste sites is a challenging and complex field that offers numerous opportunities for the application of robotic technology. he contamination problem, long in the making, will take decades to resolve. ur ingenuity in developing robotic tools to assist in ...
Risk and safety analysis for Florida commercial aerial application operations
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Robbins, John Michael
The purpose of this study was to determine self-reported perceptions in the areas of agroterrorism, bioterrorism, chemical exposure and Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) oversight. The aerial application industry has been in existence since the 1920's with a gamut of issues ranging from pesticide drift to counterterrorism. The attacks of September 11th, 2001, caused a paradigm shift in the way the United States views security and, more importantly, the prevention of malicious activity. Through the proper implementation and dissemination of educational materials dealing with industry specific concerns, it is imperative that everyone has the proper level of resources and training to effectively manage terrorist threats. This research study was designed to interpret how aerial applicators view these topics of concern and how they perceive the current threat level of terrorism in the industry. Research results were consistent, indicating that a high number of aerial applicators in the state of Florida are concerned with these topics. As a result, modifications need to be made with respect to certain variables. The aerial application industry works day in and day out to provide a professional service that helps maintain the integrity of the food and commodities that we need to survive. They are a small percentage of the aviation community that we all owe a great deal for the vital and necessary services they provide.
Application of Al techniques to blast furnace operation
Iida, Osamu; Ushijima, Yuichi; Sawada, Toshiro )
1994-09-01
The No. 3 blast furnace at the Mizushima works applies artificial intelligence techniques in its modernized plant control system. Artificial intelligence has been applied to: diagnose the blast furnace condition and control furnace heat (a diagnostic type of expert system); control hot stove heat by fuzzy theory; support the gas flow distribution control by neural network; control material charging rates by fuzzy theory and other tasks. These functions have greatly contributed to the high degree of automation and efficient operation of the furnace.
The application of automated operations at the Institutional Processing Center
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Barr, Thomas H.
1993-01-01
The JPL Institutional and Mission Computing Division, Communications, Computing and Network Services Section, with its mission contractor, OAO Corporation, have for some time been applying automation to the operation of JPL's Information Processing Center (IPC). Automation does not come in one easy to use package. Automation for a data processing center is made up of many different software and hardware products supported by trained personnel. The IPC automation effort formally began with console automation, and has since spiraled out to include production scheduling, data entry, report distribution, online reporting, failure reporting and resolution, documentation, library storage, and operator and user education, while requiring the interaction of multi-vendor and locally developed software. To begin the process, automation goals are determined. Then a team including operations personnel is formed to research and evaluate available options. By acquiring knowledge of current products and those in development, taking an active role in industry organizations, and learning of other data center's experiences, a forecast can be developed as to what direction technology is moving. With IPC management's approval, an implementation plan is developed and resources identified to test or implement new systems. As an example, IPC's new automated data entry system was researched by Data Entry, Production Control, and Advance Planning personnel. A proposal was then submitted to management for review. A determination to implement the new system was made and elements/personnel involved with the initial planning performed the implementation. The final steps of the implementation were educating data entry personnel in the areas effected and procedural changes necessary to the successful operation of the new system.
Program of KOTAC 2000 Operator Theory and Its Applications
Lee, Woo Young
-hyponormal operators and related results Masahiro Yanagida (Science University of Tokyo, Japan) 15:00-15:30 Coffee q (A r 2 BpA r 2 ) 1 q for r0,p0,q1 with (1+r)qp+r Takayuki Furuta (Science University of Tokyo Masatoshi Ito (Science University of Tokyo, Japan) 14:40-15:00 On powers of p-hyponormal and log
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-07-01
... Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) NEWSPAPER PRESERVATION ACT § 48.4 Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-07-01
... Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) NEWSPAPER PRESERVATION ACT § 48.4 Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-07-01
... Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) NEWSPAPER PRESERVATION ACT § 48.4 Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-07-01
...Pollutants Used To Determine Applicability of Chemical Manufacturing Operations 1 Table...Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Chemical Manufacturing Area Sources Pt. 63...Pollutants Used To Determine Applicability of Chemical Manufacturing Operations As...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-07-01
...Pollutants Used To Determine Applicability of Chemical Manufacturing Operations 1 Table...Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Chemical Manufacturing Area Sources Pt. 63...Pollutants Used To Determine Applicability of Chemical Manufacturing Operations As...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-07-01
...Pollutants Used To Determine Applicability of Chemical Manufacturing Operations 1 Table...Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Chemical Manufacturing Area Sources Pt. 63...Pollutants Used To Determine Applicability of Chemical Manufacturing Operations As...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-07-01
...Pollutants Used To Determine Applicability of Chemical Manufacturing Operations 1 Table...Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Chemical Manufacturing Area Sources Pt. 63...Pollutants Used To Determine Applicability of Chemical Manufacturing Operations As...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-07-01
...Pollutants Used To Determine Applicability of Chemical Manufacturing Operations 1 Table...Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Chemical Manufacturing Area Sources Pt. 63...Pollutants Used To Determine Applicability of Chemical Manufacturing Operations As...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-01-01
...applications for byproduct, source, special nuclear material, facility and operator licenses. 2.103 Section 2.103 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION AGENCY RULES OF...applications for byproduct, source, special nuclear material, facility and operator...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-01-01
...applications for byproduct, source, special nuclear material, facility and operator licenses. 2.103 Section 2.103 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION AGENCY RULES OF...applications for byproduct, source, special nuclear material, facility and operator...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-01-01
...applications for byproduct, source, special nuclear material, facility and operator licenses. 2.103 Section 2.103 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION RULES OF PRACTICE...applications for byproduct, source, special nuclear material, facility and operator...
40 CFR 63.747 - Standards: Chemical milling maskant application operations.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-07-01
...NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES (CONTINUED) National Emission Standards for Aerospace Manufacturing and Rework Facilities § 63.747 Standards: Chemical milling maskant application operations....
40 CFR 63.747 - Standards: Chemical milling maskant application operations.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-07-01
...NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES (CONTINUED) National Emission Standards for Aerospace Manufacturing and Rework Facilities § 63.747 Standards: Chemical milling maskant application operations....
Application of flexible labor and standard work in fulfillment center produce operations
Modi, Vrajesh Y
2015-01-01
This thesis demonstrates the applicability of flexible labor and standard work in increasing labor productivity and improving quality in fulfillment center produce operations. Three hypotheses were tested: (1) labor ...
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2011-07-01
...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration 49 CFR Parts...Guidance: Applicability of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations to Operators...Agricultural Equipment AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration...
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2011-06-27
...Application for Exemption From the Natural Gas Vehicles for America AGENCY: Federal...adopted safety standards specific to natural gas vehicles that do not restrict the...buses equipped with roof-mounted natural gas tanks operating in interstate...
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2013-06-21
...Commission. ACTION: License amendment application...Documents Access and Management System (ADAMS...Facility Operating License Condition 2.C...the steam generator management program and the license condition for...
Large bearing operation without retainer. [high speed ball bearings for space application
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Kingsbury, E.
1978-01-01
The design and testing of large high-speed ball bearings for space application is described. A well-defined lubrication system to provide oil to both race contacts in zero g allows stable operation without ball retainer.
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2011-03-10
...28, 2008, Southern Nuclear Operating Company (SNC...filed with the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission...Certifications, and Approvals for Nuclear Power Plants,'' an application...information, such as financial qualifications...
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2011-03-03
...28, 2008, Southern Nuclear Operating Company (SNC...filed with the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission...Certifications, and Approvals for Nuclear Power Plants,'' an application...information, such as financial qualifications...
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2011-03-24
...28, 2008, Southern Nuclear Operating Company (SNC...filed with the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission...Certifications, and Approvals for Nuclear Power Plants,'' an application...information, such as financial qualifications...
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2011-03-17
...28, 2008, Southern Nuclear Operating Company (SNC...filed with the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission...Certifications, and Approvals for Nuclear Power Plants,'' an application...information, such as financial qualifications...
Comments on the 1950s applications and extensions of Skinner's operant psychology
Morris, Edward K.
2003-01-01
These comments address V. G. Lades' (see record 2003-10336-005), D. A. Dewsbury's (see record 2003-10336-006), and A. Rutherford's (200310336-007) papers on the extension and application of Skinner's operant psychology ...
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2010-04-20
...significant hazards consideration. Attorney for licensee: Mr. William C. Dennis, Assistant General Counsel, Entergy Nuclear Operations...50-416, Grand Gulf Nuclear Station (GGNS), Unit 1, Claiborne County, Mississippi Date of application for amendment:...
7 CFR 56.75 - Applicability of facility and operating requirements.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-01-01
...THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 AND THE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT (CONTINUED) VOLUNTARY GRADING OF SHELL EGGS Grading of Shell Eggs Facility Requirements § 56.75 Applicability of facility and operating requirements. The...
Concerning an application of the method of least squares with a variable weight matrix
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Sukhanov, A. A.
1979-01-01
An estimate of a state vector for a physical system when the weight matrix in the method of least squares is a function of this vector is considered. An iterative procedure is proposed for calculating the desired estimate. Conditions for the existence and uniqueness of the limit of this procedure are obtained, and a domain is found which contains the limit estimate. A second method for calculating the desired estimate which reduces to the solution of a system of algebraic equations is proposed. The question of applying Newton's method of tangents to solving the given system of algebraic equations is considered and conditions for the convergence of the modified Newton's method are obtained. Certain properties of the estimate obtained are presented together with an example.
The application of Scaled Sensitivity Matrix method on high-frequency Earth orientation variation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Qu, Weijing; Dong, Danan; Wu, Bin
2015-08-01
A difficulty in many studies of the diurnal and semidiurnal tidal coefficients is that they focus on the larger terms in the tidal potential and ignore the sidebands of the larger tides. Because of the data distribution, the time span of the data, the close frequency, it is difficult to separate the sidebands from the main bands without some additional information which are highly correction. Scaled Sensitivity Matrix (SSM) analysis provides an approach to quantitatively assess the influence on the recovered parameters from the highly correlative parameters which cannot be estimated directly. In this paper, we use the SSM method to quantitatively separate the main bands and the sidebands of the ocean tides. The response functions of the sidebands are computed according to their actual frequencies.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Cios, Krzysztof J.; Tjia, Robert E.; Vary, Alex; Kautz, Harold E.
1992-01-01
Acousto-ultrasonics (AU) is a nondestructive evaluation (NDE) technique that was devised for the testing of various types of composite materials. A study has been done to determine how effectively the AU technique may be applied to metal-matrix composites (MMCs). The authors use the results and data obtained from that study and apply neural networks to them, particularly in the assessment of mechanical property variations of a specimen from AU measurements. It is assumed that there is no information concerning the important features of the AU signal which relate to the mechanical properties of the specimen. Minimally processed AU measurements are used while relying on the network's ability to extract the significant features of the signal.
Nagy, Erzsébet; Abrók, Marianna; Bartha, Noémi; Bereczki, László; Juhász, Emese; Kardos, Gábor; Kristóf, Katalin; Miszti, Cecilia; Urbán, Edit
2014-09-21
Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry as a new possibility for rapid identification of bacteria and fungi revolutionized the clinical microbiological diagnostics. It has an extreme importance in the routine microbiological laboratories, as identification of the pathogenic species rapidly will influence antibiotic selection before the final determination of antibiotic resistance of the isolate. The classical methods for identification of bacteria or fungi, based on biochemical tests, are influenced by many environmental factors. The matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry is a rapid method which is able to identify a great variety of the isolated bacteria and fungi based on the composition of conserved ribosomal proteins. Recently several other applications of the method have also been investigated such as direct identification of pathogens from the positive blood cultures. There are possibilities to identify bacteria from the urine samples in urinary tract infection or from other sterile body fluids. Using selective enrichment broth Salmonella sp from the stool samples can be identified more rapidly, too. The extended spectrum beta-lactamase or carbapenemase production of the isolated bacteria can be also detected by this method helping the antibiotic selection in some cases. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry based methods are suitable to investigate changes in deoxyribonucleic acid or ribonucleic acid, to carry out rapid antibiotic resistance determination or other proteomic analysis. The aim of this paper is to give an overview about present possibilities of using this technique in the clinical microbiological routine procedures. PMID:25217765
The Iron Project and the RmaX Project: R-Matrix Data for Astrophysical and Fusion Applications
Pradhan, Anil K.
2005-05-27
The R-Matrix method has long been employed to compute fundamental atomic parameters with high precision for large scale applications to astrophysical sources and magnetic and inertial fusion devices. Ongoing work is part of two projects: The Iron Project that focuses on Fe-peak elements, and the RmaX Project aimed at spectral diagnostics of laboratory and astrophysical X-ray plasmas. The primary atomic processes include electron impact excitation, photoionization, (e + ion) recombination, and spectral transitions. These data are employed in numerical simulations of high-temperature plasmas under stationary and transient conditions. The calculated parameters have been benchmarked against sophisticated experiments on electron-beam-ion-traps for excitation, synchrotron based light sources for photoionization, and heavy ion storage rings for (e + ion) recombination. Extensions of the two projects include a self-consistent and unified theoretical treatment of (e + ion) recombination that subsumes both the radiative and the dielectronic recombination processes. Cross sections are computed using an identical (e + ion) wavefunction expansion for both the photoionization and the recombination processes, thereby considering the resonant and non-resonant phenomena in an ab initio manner. Comparison with experiments ascertain an accuracy of 10-20%, within the uncertainties in experiment and theory, indicating that there are no significant shortcomings in the R-matrix method. We compare the close coupling R-matrix data with the Distorted Wave approximation and the effect on X-ray spectral analysis. Finally, we describe the electronic database TIPTOPbase, which will also make available new stellar opacities and radiative accelerations from the Opacity Project.
Zou, Qiong-Hui; Wang, Jin; Wang, Xiang-Feng; Liu, Yuan; Han, Jie; Hou, Feier; Xie, Meng-Xia
2008-01-01
A novel method for simultaneous determination of 8 sulfonamide residues (sulfathiazole, sulfapyridine, sulfadiazine, sulfamerazine, sulfamonome-thoxine, sulfachloropyridazine, sulfamethoxazole, and sulfadimethoxine) in honey samples by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) has been developed on the basis of precolumn derivatization with 9-fluorenylmethyl-chloroformate (FMOC-Cl). Sulfonamide residues in honey samples were extracted and purified by matrix solid-phase dispersion with C18 as the solid support. The residues were derivatized by FMOC-CI, and the FMOC-sulfonamide derivatives were further purified by solid-phase extraction with silica gel as the solid support prior to HPLC analysis. The average recoveries for most sulfonamide compounds at different spiking levels (from 10 to 250 microg/kg) were > 70% with relative standard deviations < 16%, and their limits of detection were 4.0 microg/kg. The established analytical method has high sensitivity and repeatability and can be applicable for determining the sulfonamide residues in various honey matrixes. PMID:18376605
Pearnchob, N; Siepmann, J; Bodmeier, R
2003-09-01
Shellac is a natural polymer, which is used as enteric coating material in pharmaceutical applications. The major objective of the present study was to investigate the potential of shellac for other purposes, namely to provide moisture-protective and taste-masking coatings as well as extended-release matrix tablets. The efficiency of shellac to achieve moisture protection and taste masking was compared with that of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC), which is most frequently used for these purposes. Shellac-coated tablets showed lower water uptake rates than HPMC-coated systems at the same coating level. The stability of acetylsalicylic acid was higher in tablets coated with shellac compared with HPMC-coated systems, irrespective of the storage humidity. Therefore, lower shellac coating levels were required to achieve the same degree of drug protection. Shellac coatings effectively masked the unpleasant taste of acetaminophen tablets. Compared to HPMC, again lower coating levels were required to achieve similar effects. The resulting drug release in simulated gastric fluid was not significantly altered by the thin shellac coatings, which rapidly ruptured due to the swelling of the coated tablet core. In addition, shellac was found to be a suitable matrix former for extended-release tablets. The latter could be prepared by direct compression or via wet granulation using ethanolic or ammoniated aqueous shellac binder solutions. The resulting drug-release patterns could effectively be altered by varying different formulation and processing parameters. PMID:14570313
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wang, Li; Song, Xiangju; Wang, Tao; Wang, Shuzheng; Wang, Zhining; Gao, Congjie
2015-03-01
Polyethersulfone/carbon nanotubes (PES/CNTs) based mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) were prepared by phase inversion method for nanofiltration (NF) application. Carboxylated CNTs with different diameter and concentration were incorporated into the polymer matrix to enhance the performances of the NF membranes. The prepared PES/CNTs membranes were characterized and evaluated in terms of membranes morphology, structure, surface properties, and separation performances. Two types of CNTs with different diameters (20 and 40 nm, marked as CNT1 and CNT2, respectively) were chosen to investigate the effect of CNT diameter on membrane performances. The effect of CNT concentrations (from 0.01 to 1 wt%) was also tested by introduction of CNT2 in the MMMs. As a result, the MMMs embedded with CNT1 achieved better NF performances. When CNT2 concentration reaches 0.1 wt%, the PES/CNT2 membranes obtained the highest water flux (38.91 L/m2 h) and Na2SO4 rejection (87.25%) at 4 bar. The solute rejection was in a sequence of R(Na2SO4) > R(MgSO4) > R(NaCl).
Dimauro, C; Cellesi, M; Pintus, M A; Macciotta, N P P
2011-12-01
In genomic selection (GS) programmes, direct genomic values (DGV) are evaluated using information provided by high-density SNP chip. Being DGV accuracy strictly dependent on SNP density, it is likely that an increase in the number of markers per chip will result in severe computational consequences. Aim of present work was to test the effectiveness of principal component analysis (PCA) carried out by chromosome in reducing the marker dimensionality for GS purposes. A simulated data set of 5700 individuals with an equal number of SNP distributed over six chromosomes was used. PCs were extracted both genome-wide (ALL) and separately by chromosome (CHR) and used to predict DGVs. In the ALL scenario, the SNP variance-covariance matrix (S) was singular, positive semi-definite and contained null information which introduces 'spuriousness' in the derived results. On the contrary, the S matrix for each chromosome (CHR scenario) had a full rank. Obtained DGV accuracies were always better for CHR than ALL. Moreover, in the latter scenario, DGV accuracies became soon unsettled as the number of animals decreases, whereas in CHR, they remain stable till 900-1000 individuals. In real applications where a 54k SNP chip is used, the largest number of markers per chromosome is approximately 2500. Thus, a number of around 3000 genotyped animals could lead to reliable results when the original SNP variables are replaced by a reduced number of PCs. PMID:22059577
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Houser, E. J.; Chrisey, D. B.; Bercu, M.; Scarisoreanu, N. D.; Purice, A.; Colceag, D.; Constantinescu, C.; Moldovan, A.; Dinescu, M.
2006-04-01
High-quality thin films of fragile chemoselective polymers with precise and accurate thickness, density and chemical integrity are required for advanced chemical sensor applications. While these attributes are difficult to achieve by conventional methods, we have successfully demonstrated the matrix-assisted pulsed laser evaporation (MAPLE) deposition of thin films of especially synthesized fluoro-alcohol substituted carbo-polysiloxane polymer coatings. The quadrupled output of a Nd:YAG laser (265 nm) served as the laser source and depositions were done in a background pressure of N 2. Using various solvents appropriate to solvate this polymer (e.g. tetrahydrofuran, acetone and chloroform) and varying the laser fluence, we optimized the deposition of high-quality thin films on 1 cm 2 double-polished silicon substrates. The best solvent used as matrix was proved to be acetone. Under these conditions, the important functional groups were reproduced and observed by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) as compared to the drop cast films and the surface roughness was analysed using Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and found to be much smoother than conventional wet deposition techniques.
Park, Jay Hoon; Joo, Yong Lak
2014-05-21
Mesoscale simulation, electrospinning and Raman scattering experiments have been carried out to demonstrate that examination and control of nanorod configuration in a polymer matrix under elongational flow and confinement can lead to enhanced sensing. First, coarse-grained molecular dynamics (CGMD) was employed to probe the diffusivity, orientation, and dispersion of nanorods in a model polymer melt under planar elongational flow. Compared to shear flow, elongational flow gives rise to enhanced dispersion and orientation of nanorods, which are predicted to be improved with increasing the aspect ratio of nanorods and polymer chain length. As comparative experiments, we have electrospun gold (Au) nanorods with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), and the resulting Au nanorod configuration in PVA nanofibers is in good agreement with the predicted simulation. Furthermore, coaxial electrospinning of Au nanorod/PVA-PVA (shell-core) was applied to selectively place Au nanorods in the cylindrical sheath layer, and the alignment of Au nanorods near the fiber surface was confirmed by TEM analysis and CGMD simulation under uniaxial elongation. Finally, the Au nanorod-PVA fibers were tested for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy for sensing applications. The coaxially electrospun fibers have demonstrated much greater signal peak strength when compared with monoaxially electrospun fibers with the same Au nanorod loading. This comprehensive study demonstrates how extensional flow and multi-layered fluids can direct the orientation and dispersion of nanorod in a polymer matrix, leading to enhanced sensing performance. PMID:24652583
Tunnel effect for Kramers-Fokker-Planck type operators: return to equilibrium and applications
HÃ©rau, FrÃ©dÃ©ric
Tunnel effect for Kramers-Fokker-Planck type operators: return to equilibrium and applications Fr University of California Los Angeles CA 90095-1555, USA hitrik@math.ucla.edu Johannes SjÂ¨ostrand CMLS Ecole in the double well case 20 4 Tunnel effect for a well and the sea 24 5 Some models of KFP type operators 28 5
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Extension of Boolean algebra by a Bayesian operator; application to the definition, it is the all or the none. Abstract This work contributes to the domains of Boolean algebra and of Bayesian prob- ability, by proposing an algebraic extension of Boolean algebras, which implements an operator
Steady-state operational degrees of freedom with application to refrigeration cycles
Skogestad, Sigurd
Steady-state operational degrees of freedom with application to refrigeration cycles Jørgen Bauck- position of the circulating refrigerant are also discussed. Two LNG processes of current interest, the C3 degrees of freedom that are available for optimal operation of refrigeration processes. Skogestad1 points
Sorin Cristoloveanu; Daniela Munteanu; Michael S. T. Liu
2000-01-01
The pseudo-MOS transistor (?-MOSFET) is a surprising and useful technique for the rapid evaluation of SOI wafers, prior to any CMOS processing. We review the static and dynamic modes of operation as well as the main models and methods for electrical parameter extraction. Selected numerical simulations are presented in order to clarify the optimal conditions of operation. Finally, practical applications
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
ON CARLEMAN ESTIMATES FOR ELLIPTIC AND PARABOLIC OPERATORS. APPLICATIONS TO UNIQUE CONTINUATION AND CONTROL OF PARABOLIC EQUATIONS JÂ´ER ^OME LE ROUSSEAU AND GILLES LEBEAU Abstract. Local and global Carleman and parabolic operators by means of semi-classical microlocal techniques. Optimality results for these estimates
Shepelyansky, Dima
Google matrix 1 Google matrix A Google matrix is a particular stochastic matrix that is used by Google's PageRank algorithm. The matrix represents a graph with edges representing links between pages. The rank of each page can be generated iteratively from the Google matrix using the power method. However
Shepelyansky, Dima
Google matrix 1 Google matrix Fig.1. Google matrix of Wikipedia articles network, written [19]) A Google matrix is a particular stochastic matrix that is used by Google's PageRank algorithm be generated iteratively from the Google matrix using the power method. However, in order for the power method
Modeling, analysis, and application of buck converters in discontinuous-input-voltage mode operation
Y. S. Lee; S. J. Wang; S. Y. R. Hui
1997-01-01
By adding a suitable LC filter to the input of a buck power converter, it is possible to force the converter into discontinuous-input-voltage mode operation. A buck power converter in this mode of operation has useful properties such as power factor correction and soft turn-off switching. The operation, modeling, low-frequency behavior, and application of the power converter are studied. Experimental
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Weiss, Brian A.; Fronczek, Lisa; Morse, Emile; Kootbally, Zeid; Schlenoff, Craig
2013-05-01
Transformative Apps (TransApps) is a Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) funded program whose goal is to develop a range of militarily-relevant software applications ("apps") to enhance the operational-effectiveness of military personnel on (and off) the battlefield. TransApps is also developing a military apps marketplace to facilitate rapid development and dissemination of applications to address user needs by connecting engaged communities of endusers with development groups. The National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST) role in the TransApps program is to design and implement evaluation procedures to assess the performance of: 1) the various software applications, 2) software-hardware interactions, and 3) the supporting online application marketplace. Specifically, NIST is responsible for evaluating 50+ tactically-relevant applications operating on numerous Android™-powered platforms. NIST efforts include functional regression testing and quantitative performance testing. This paper discusses the evaluation methodologies employed to assess the performance of three key program elements: 1) handheld-based applications and their integration with various hardware platforms, 2) client-based applications and 3) network technologies operating on both the handheld and client systems along with their integration into the application marketplace. Handheld-based applications are assessed using a combination of utility and usability-based checklists and quantitative performance tests. Client-based applications are assessed to replicate current overseas disconnected (i.e. no network connectivity between handhelds) operations and to assess connected operations envisioned for later use. Finally, networked applications are assessed on handhelds to establish baselines of performance for when connectivity will be common usage.
Multimegabit Operation Multiplexer System. [PCM telemetry unit for space applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Giri, R. R.; Maxwell, M. S.
1973-01-01
The Multimegabit Operation Multiplexer System (MOMS) is a high-data-rate PCM telemetry unit capable of sampling and encoding 60 scanning radiometer and four vidicon channels at 250 kilosamples/second and 5 megasamples/second, respectively. This sampling capacity plus the seven-bit quantization requires a total throughput rate of 40 megasamples/second and 280 megabits/second. To produce these rates efficiently, the system was divided into a pair of identical 140-megabit blocks. A low-power 20-MHz analog multiplexer and analog-to-digital converter were developed together with a video sample-and-hold that features an aperture time error of less than 50 psec. Breadboard testing of these basic building blocks confirmed the design prediction that the total system would consume 27 watts of power. Two 140-megabit output parts are suitable for quadriphase modulation.
L. Guthier; Sungjoo Yoo; Ahmed Amine Jerraya
2001-01-01
We propose a method of automatic generation of appli- cation specific operating systems (OS's) and automatic tar- geting of application software. OS generation starts from a very small but yet flexible OS kernel. OS services, which are specific to the application and deduced from dependencies between services, are added to the kernel to construct the whole OS. Communication and synchronization
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Lippiatt, Thomas F.; Waterman, Donald
1985-01-01
The applicability of operations research, artificial intelligence, and expert systems to logistics problems for the space station were assessed. Promising application areas were identified for space station logistics. A needs assessment is presented and a specific course of action in each area is suggested.
MICROSEK: A Certifiable Hard Real-Time Operating System for Safety Critical Applications
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Brachini, A.; Coppola, P.; Piperno, W.; Russo, E.
This paper presents MICROSEK, a Hard Real-Time Operating System compatible with the OSEK/VDX automotive standard and developed for being certifiable against the CENELEC 50128 international standard applied in the railway field for safety critical applications. The MICROSEK product is delivered with MICROSUITE, an integrated toolset for the configuration and development of user applications.
Marco Valente; Fabrizio Billi
2001-01-01
Cyclic thermal stresses induced in MMC component were reproduced through an innovative test apparatus. The modification induced and the residual properties of the specimens were then investigated through mechanical tests and fractographic analysis. The behaviour showed by this material seems to be interesting in some peculiar applications in the automotive industry, in order to obtain greatly lighter components with equal
A. Varga
2005-01-01
Periodic Lyapunov, Sylvester and Riccati differential equations have many important applications in the analysis and design of linear periodic control systems. For the numerical solution of these equations efficient numerically reliable algorithms based on the periodic Schur decomposition are proposed. The new multi-shot type algorithms compute periodic solutions in an arbitrary number of time moments within one period by employing
Mason, J.H.; Livingston, B.K.; Clarke, E.J.
1988-01-01
During the past 10 yr, the US Navy has extended submarine operating cycles - the period between major ship overhauls - from 4 to > 15 yr. Major programs to extend submarine operating cycles have been the submarine extended operating cycle (SEOC) and the engineered SEOC programs. Currently, the navy is incorporating lessons learned from these programs, as well as new concepts, into its newest Seawolf (SSN-21) ship class. Major elements of these programs are a disciplined machinery condition assessment (MCA) program consisting of intrusive and nonintrusive elements, the use of rotatable equipment pools, and the engineering of maintenance periodicities to establish operating cycles. Many of the concepts and elements of these programs can be applied to two objectives for enhanced operation and maintenance: the increased availability of means of improved equipment performance and reduced outage durations and the extension of plant life. The objectives of this paper are to review the US Navy SEOC programs, to draw parallels between the US Navy programs and commercial nuclear power plant programs, and to suggest potential opportunities for application to commercial nuclear power plants.
Qin, Jin; Trudeau, Matthieu; Buchholz, Bryan; Katz, Jeffrey N; Xu, Xu; Dennerlein, Jack T
2014-04-01
Upper extremity kinematics during keyboard use is associated with musculoskeletal health among computer users; however, specific kinematics patterns are unclear. This study aimed to determine the dynamic roles of the shoulder, elbow, wrist and metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints during a number entry task. Six subjects typed in phone numbers using their right index finger on a stand-alone numeric keypad. The contribution of each joint of the upper extremity to the fingertip movement during the task was calculated from the joint angle trajectory and the Jacobian matrix of a nine-degree-of-freedom kinematic representation of the finger, hand, forearm and upper arm. The results indicated that in the vertical direction where the greatest fingertip movement occurred, the MCP, wrist, elbow (including forearm) and shoulder joint contributed 10.2%, 55.6%, 27.7% and 6.5%, respectively, to the downward motion of the index finger averaged across subjects. The results demonstrated that the wrist and elbow contribute the most to the fingertip vertical movement, indicating that they play a major role in the keying motion and have a dynamic load beyond maintaining posture. PMID:24144858
Matsumoto, Kenichi
2015-01-01
We previously disclosed a novel extracellular matrix tenascin-X (TNX) , the largest member of the tenascin family. So far, we have made efforts to elucidate the roles of TNX. TNX is involved in collagen deposition, collagen fibrillogenesis, and modulation of collagen stiffness. Homozygous mutations in TNXB, the gene encoding TNX, cause a classic-type Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) , a heritable connective tissue disorder, whereas haploinsufficiency of TNXB and heterozygous mutations in TNXB are associated with hypermobility-type EDS. Recently, we performed proteomic analyses of calcific aortic valves (CAVs) compared with relatively adjacent normal tissues to understand the underlying molecular mechanisms of dystrophic valvular calcification. Interestingly, we found that TNX was the protein with the greatest decrease in expression among the differentially expressed proteins and that expression levels of proteins modulating collagen structure and function, such as type I collagen and decorin, were also decreased in CAVs. In this review, I will discuss about the decreased level of collagen due to the reduction of expression levels of proteins that play regulatory roles in collagen functions such as fibril organization and fibrillogenesis in CAVs. PMID:25926574
Nasri, Salah; Schechter, Joseph; Moussa, Sherif
2004-09-01
We further study the previously proposed ansatz, Tr(M{sub {nu}})=0, for a prediagonal light Majorana type neutrino mass matrix. If CP violation is neglected this enables one to use the existing data on squared mass differences to estimate (up to a discrete ambiguity) the neutrino masses themselves. If it is assumed that only the conventional CP phase is present, the ansatz enables us to estimate this phase in addition to all three masses. If it is assumed that only the two Majorana CP phases are present, the ansatz enables us to present a one parameter family of solutions for the masses and phases. This enables us to obtain a simple 'global' view of lepton number violation effects. Furthermore using an SO(10) motivation for the ansatz suggests an amusing toy (clone) model in which the heavy neutrinos have the same mixing pattern and mass ratios as the light ones. In this case only their overall mass scale is not known (although it is constrained by the initial motivation). Using this toy model we make a rough estimate of the magnitude of the baryon to photon ratio induced by the leptogenesis mechanism. Solutions close to the CP conserving cases seem to be favored.
The application of the Haddon matrix to public health readiness and response planning.
Barnett, Daniel J; Balicer, Ran D; Blodgett, David; Fews, Ayanna L; Parker, Cindy L; Links, Jonathan M
2005-05-01
State and local health departments continue to face unprecedented challenges in preparing for, recognizing, and responding to threats to the public's health. The attacks of 11 September 2001 and the ensuing anthrax mailings of 2001 highlighted the public health readiness and response hurdles posed by intentionally caused injury and illness. At the same time, recent natural disasters have highlighted the need for comparable public health readiness and response capabilities. Public health readiness and response activities can be conceptualized similarly for intentional attacks, natural disasters, and human-caused accidents. Consistent with this view, the federal government has adopted the all-hazards response model as its fundamental paradigm. Adoption of this paradigm provides powerful improvements in efficiency and efficacy, because it reduces the need to create a complex family of situation-specific preparedness and response activities. However, in practice, public health preparedness requires additional models and tools to provide a framework to better understand and prioritize emergency readiness and response needs, as well as to facilitate solutions; this is particularly true at the local health department level. Here, we propose to extend the use of the Haddon matrix--a conceptual model used for more than two decades in injury prevention and response strategies--for this purpose. PMID:15866764
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Nasri, Salah; Schechter, Joseph; Moussa, Sherif
2004-09-01
We further study the previously proposed ansatz, Tr(M?)=0, for a prediagonal light Majorana type neutrino mass matrix. If CP violation is neglected this enables one to use the existing data on squared mass differences to estimate (up to a discrete ambiguity) the neutrino masses themselves. If it is assumed that only the conventional CP phase is present, the ansatz enables us to estimate this phase in addition to all three masses. If it is assumed that only the two Majorana CP phases are present, the ansatz enables us to present a one parameter family of solutions for the masses and phases. This enables us to obtain a simple “global” view of lepton number violation effects. Furthermore using an SO(10) motivation for the ansatz suggests an amusing toy (clone) model in which the heavy neutrinos have the same mixing pattern and mass ratios as the light ones. In this case only their overall mass scale is not known (although it is constrained by the initial motivation). Using this toy model we make a rough estimate of the magnitude of the baryon to photon ratio induced by the leptogenesis mechanism. Solutions close to the CP conserving cases seem to be favored.
Warchol, C.J.; Shirani, O.
1995-11-01
This paper presents an application of elastic-plastic analysis to justify operability of highly stressed Motor Operated Valve (MOV) yokes. The ductile properties of typical carbon steels enable valve yokes to exhibit structural capacities which are considerably higher than normally predicted by linear analysis. Common industry practice is to use an allowable stress no higher than 1.0 S{sub y} (minimum specified yield strength) when evaluating valve extended components (i.e. yokes) for the applicable load combinations (typically seismic combined with thrust and torque). By examining the behavior of a typical yoke cross section which is stressed beyond first yield, it can be shown that the yoke displacement will remain on the order of elastic displacement until just before the yoke reaches its plastic movement capacity. Even at 95% of the plastic moment capacity, the overall displacement is only 60% greater than that at first yield and the permanent deformation of the yoke is only on the order of 20% of the displacement at first yield. Furthermore, to ensure valve operability, the calculated yoke deformations can be compared to the actual clearances in the valve to ensure that the stem will not bind and the valve will remain operable (i.e., functional). Based on these evaluations, an argument can be made to justify continued operation of the value even if the maximum yoke stresses exceed the yield strength of the material. As a result, bending moments on the order of 150% of those allowed by the standard yield stress criteria (1.0 S{sub y}) can be justified.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
The Matrix Market website, provided by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, is "a visual repository of test data for use in comparative studies of algorithms for numerical linear algebra." The repository includes about 500 sparse matrices from a variety of applications, along with matrix generation tools and services. Visitors can scan the top ten or browse the repository by collection, matrix name, or generator name. Search categories include: by matrix properties, by application area, by contributor, and in bibliography. Tools for browsing through the collection are also included. The Welcome page provides additional information on the project, as well as a few reports and technical presentations.
Verification of operating software for cooperative monitoring applications
Tolk, K.M.; Rembold, R.K.
1997-08-01
Monitoring agencies often use computer based equipment to control instruments and to collect data at sites that are being monitored under international safeguards or other cooperative monitoring agreements. In order for this data to be used as an independent verification of data supplied by the host at the facility, the software used must be trusted by the monitoring agency. The monitoring party must be sure that the software has not be altered to give results that could lead to erroneous conclusions about nuclear materials inventories or other operating conditions at the site. The host might also want to verify that the software being used is the software that has been previously inspected in order to be assured that only data that is allowed under the agreement is being collected. A description of a method to provide this verification using keyed has functions and how the proposed method overcomes possible vulnerabilities in methods currently in use such as loading the software from trusted disks is presented. The use of public key data authentication for this purpose is also discussed.
Metal Matrix Superconductor Composites for SMES-Driven, Ultra High Power BEP Applications: Part 1
Dan A. Gross; Leik N. Myrabo
2006-01-01
A superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) ‘battery’ of order 0.25–1 km diameter is designed to demonstrate theoretical feasibility for large scale beamed energy propulsion (BEP) applications, charging at ?300e MW from solar or nuclear sources, and discharging the full energy load into a gyrotron network in 1–2 minutes. The superconducting coil, whose storage capacity is 2.5 TJ, is made of
The impact of LDEF results on the space application of metal matrix composites
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Steckel, Gary L.; Le, Tuyen D.
1993-01-01
Over 200 graphite/aluminum and graphite/magnesium composites were flown on the leading and trailing edges of LDEF on the Advanced Composites Experiment. The performance of these composites was evaluated by performing scanning electron microscopy and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of exposed surfaces, optical microscopy of cross sections, and on-orbit and postflight thermal expansion measurements. Graphite/aluminum and graphite/magnesium were found to be superior to graphite/polymer matrix composites in that they are inherently resistant to atomic oxygen and are less susceptible to thermal cycling induced microcracking. The surface foils on graphite/aluminum and graphite/magnesium protect the graphite fibers from atomic oxygen and from impact damage from small micrometeoroid or space debris particles. However, the surface foils were found to be susceptible to thermal fatigue cracking arising from contamination embrittlement, surface oxidation, or stress risers. Thus, the experiment reinforced requirements for carefully protecting these composites from prelaunch oxidation or corrosion, avoiding spacecraft contamination, and designing composite structures to minimize stress concentrations. On-orbit strain measurements demonstrated the importance of through-thickness thermal conductivity in composites to minimize thermal distortions arising from thermal gradients. Because of the high thermal conductivity of aluminum, thermal distortions were greatly reduced in the LDEF thermal environment for graphite/aluminum as compared to graphite/magnesium and graphite/polymer composites. The thermal expansion behavior of graphite/aluminum and graphite/magnesium was stabilized by on-orbit thermal cycling in the same manner as observed in laboratory tests.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Schmidt, S.; Beyer, S.; Knabe, H.; Immich, H.; Meistring, R.; Gessler, A.
2004-08-01
Current rocket engines, due to their method of construction, the materials used and the extreme loads to which they are subjected, feature a limited number of load cycles. Various technology programmes in Europe are concerned, besides developing reliable and rugged, low cost, throwaway equipment, with preparing for future reusable propulsion technologies. One of the key roles for realizing reusable engine components is the use of modern and innovative materials. One of the key technologies which concern various engine manufacturers worldwide is the development of fibre-reinforced ceramics—ceramic matrix composites. The advantages for the developers are obvious—the low specific weight, the high specific strength over a large temperature range, and their great damage tolerance compared to monolithic ceramics make this material class extremely interesting as a construction material. Over the past years, the Astrium company (formerly DASA) has, together with various partners, worked intensively on developing components for hypersonic engines and liquid rocket propulsion systems. In the year 2000, various hot-firing tests with subscale (scale 1:5) and full-scale nozzle extensions were conducted. In this year, a further decisive milestone was achieved in the sector of small thrusters, and long-term tests served to demonstrate the extraordinary stability of the C/SiC material. Besides developing and testing radiation-cooled nozzle components and small-thruster combustion chambers, Astrium worked on the preliminary development of actively cooled structures for future reusable propulsion systems. In order to get one step nearer to this objective, the development of a new fibre composite was commenced within the framework of a regionally sponsored programme. The objective here is to create multidirectional (3D) textile structures combined with a cost-effective infiltration process. Besides material and process development, the project also encompasses the development of special metal/ceramic and ceramic/ceramic joining techniques as well as studying and verifying non destructive investigation processes for the purpose of testing components.
Févotte, Cédric; Bertin, Nancy; Durrieu, Jean-Louis
2009-03-01
This letter presents theoretical, algorithmic, and experimental results about nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) with the Itakura-Saito (IS) divergence. We describe how IS-NMF is underlaid by a well-defined statistical model of superimposed gaussian components and is equivalent to maximum likelihood estimation of variance parameters. This setting can accommodate regularization constraints on the factors through Bayesian priors. In particular, inverse-gamma and gamma Markov chain priors are considered in this work. Estimation can be carried out using a space-alternating generalized expectation-maximization (SAGE) algorithm; this leads to a novel type of NMF algorithm, whose convergence to a stationary point of the IS cost function is guaranteed. We also discuss the links between the IS divergence and other cost functions used in NMF, in particular, the Euclidean distance and the generalized Kullback-Leibler (KL) divergence. As such, we describe how IS-NMF can also be performed using a gradient multiplicative algorithm (a standard algorithm structure in NMF) whose convergence is observed in practice, though not proven. Finally, we report a furnished experimental comparative study of Euclidean-NMF, KL-NMF, and IS-NMF algorithms applied to the power spectrogram of a short piano sequence recorded in real conditions, with various initializations and model orders. Then we show how IS-NMF can successfully be employed for denoising and upmix (mono to stereo conversion) of an original piece of early jazz music. These experiments indicate that IS-NMF correctly captures the semantics of audio and is better suited to the representation of music signals than NMF with the usual Euclidean and KL costs. PMID:18785855
Optimised Dirac Operators on the Lattice: Construction, Properties and Applications
W. Bietenholz
2008-04-11
We review a number of topics related to block variable renormalisation group transformations of quantum fields on the lattice, and to the emerging perfect lattice actions. We first illustrate this procedure by considering scalar fields. Then we proceed to lattice fermions, where we discuss perfect actions for free fields, for the Gross-Neveu model and for a supersymmetric spin model. We also consider the extension to perfect lattice perturbation theory, in particular regarding the axial anomaly and the quark gluon vertex function. Next we deal with properties and applications of truncated perfect fermions, and their chiral correction by means of the overlap formula. This yields a formulation of lattice fermions, which combines exact chiral symmetry with an optimisation of further essential properties. We summarise simulation results for these so-called overlap-hypercube fermions in the two-flavour Schwinger model and in quenched QCD. In the latter framework we establish a link to Chiral Perturbation Theory, both, in the p-regime and in the epsilon-regime. In particular we present an evaluation of the leading Low Energy Constants of the chiral Lagrangian - the chiral condensate and the pion decay constant - from QCD simulations with extremely light quarks.
A Mission Management Application Suite for Airborne Science Operations
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Goodman, H. M.; Meyer, P. J.; Blakeslee, R.; Regner, K.; Hall, J.; He, M.; Conover, H.; Garrett, M.; Harper, J.; Smith, T.; Grewe, A.; Real Time Mission Monitor Team
2011-12-01
Collection of data during airborne field campaigns is a critically important endeavor. It is imperative to observe the correct phenomena at the right time - at the right place to maximize the instrument observations. Researchers at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center have developed an application suite known as the Real Time Mission Monitor (RTMM). This suite is comprised of tools for mission design, flight planning, aircraft visualization and tracking. The mission design tool allows scientists to set mission parameters such as geographic boundaries and dates of the campaign. Based on these criteria, the tool intelligently selects potential data sets from a data resources catalog from which the scientist is able to choose the aircraft, instruments, and ancillary Earth science data sets to be provided for use in the remaining tool suite. The scientists can easily reconfigure and add data sets of their choosing for use during the campaign. The flight planning tool permits the scientist to assemble aircraft flight plans and to plan coincident observations with other aircraft, spacecraft or in situ observations. Satellite and ground-based remote sensing data and modeling data are used as background layers to aid the scientist in the flight planning process. Planning is crucial to successful collection of data and the ability to modify the plan and upload to aircraft navigators and pilots is essential for the agile collection of data. Most critical to successful and cost effective collection of data is the capability to visualize the Earth science data (airborne instruments, radiosondes, radar, dropsondes, etc.) and track the aircraft in real time. In some instances, aircraft instrument data is provided to ground support personnel in near-real time to visualize with the flight track. This visualization and tracking aspect of RTMM provides a decision support capability in conjunction with scientific collaboration portals to allow for scientists on the ground to communicate most effectively with scientists aboard the aircraft to achieve successful observations.
B. David; G. Bastin
An exact formula of the inverse covariance matrix of an autoregressive stochastic process is obtained using the Gohberg}Semencul explicit inverse of the Toeplitz matrix. This formula is used to build an estimator of the inverse covariance matrix of a stochastic process based on a single realization. In this paper, we show that this estimator can be conveniently applied to maximum
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Hribar, V. F.; Bauer, J. L.; O'Donnell, T. P.
1987-01-01
Five black, electrically-conductive thermal control coatings have been formulated and tested for application on the Galileo spacecraft. The coatings consist of both organic and inorganic systems applied on titanium, aluminum, and glass/epoxy composite surfaces. The coatings were tested under simulated space environment conditions. Coated specimens were subjected to thermal radiation, convective and combustive heating, and cryogenic conditions over a temperature range between -196 C and 538 C. Mechanical, physical, thermal, electrical, and thermooptical properties are presented for one of these coatings. This paper describes the preparation, characteristics, and spraying of iron titanate on titanium and aluminum, and presents performance results.
Lawrence R. Thorne
2011-10-18
I propose a novel approach to balancing equations that is applicable to all chemical-reaction equations; it is readily accessible to students via scientific calculators and basic computer spreadsheets that have a matrix-inversion application. The new approach utilizes the familiar matrix-inversion operation in an unfamiliar and innovative way; its purpose is not to identify undetermined coefficients as usual, but, instead, to compute a matrix null space (or matrix kernel). The null space then provides the coefficients that balance the equation. Indeed, the null space contains everything there is to know about balancing any chemical-reaction equation!
Shtrichman, Ronit; Zeevi-Levin, Naama; Zaid, Rinat; Barak, Efrat; Fishman, Bettina; Ziskind, Anna; Shulman, Rita; Novak, Atara; Avrahami, Ron; Livne, Erella; Lowenstein, Lior; Zussman, Eyal; Itskovitz-Eldor, Joseph
2014-10-01
Extracellular matrix (ECM) has been utilized as a biological scaffold for tissue engineering applications in a variety of body systems, due to its bioactivity and biocompatibility. In the current study we developed a modified protocol for the efficient and reproducible derivation of mesenchymal progenitor cells (MPCs) from human embryonic stem cells as well as human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) originating from hair follicle keratinocytes (HFKTs). ECM was produced from these MPCs and characterized in comparison to adipose mesenchymal stem cell ECM, demonstrating robust ECM generation by the excised HFKT-iPSC-MPCs. Exploiting the advantages of electrospinning we generated two types of electrospun biodegradable nanofiber layers (NFLs), fabricated from polycaprolactone (PCL) and poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA), which provide mechanical support for cell seeding and ECM generation. Elucidating the optimized decellularization treatment we were able to generate an available "off-the-shelf" implantable product (NFL-ECM). Using rat subcutaneous transplantation model we demonstrate that this stem-cell-derived construct is biocompatible and biodegradable and holds great potential for tissue regeneration applications. PMID:25185111
Parce, J. Wallace (Palo Alto, CA); Bernatis, Paul (Sunnyvale, CA); Dubrow, Robert (San Carlos, CA); Freeman, William P. (San Mateo, CA); Gamoras, Joel (Vallejo, CA); Kan, Shihai (San Jose, CA); Meisel, Andreas (Redwood City, CA); Qian, Baixin (Sunnyvale, CA); Whiteford, Jeffery A. (Belmont, CA); Ziebarth, Jonathan (Palo Alto, CA)
2010-01-12
Matrixes doped with semiconductor nanocrystals are provided. In certain embodiments, the semiconductor nanocrystals have a size and composition such that they absorb or emit light at particular wavelengths. The nanocrystals can comprise ligands that allow for mixing with various matrix materials, including polymers, such that a minimal portion of light is scattered by the matrixes. The matrixes of the present invention can also be utilized in refractive index matching applications. In other embodiments, semiconductor nanocrystals are embedded within matrixes to form a nanocrystal density gradient, thereby creating an effective refractive index gradient. The matrixes of the present invention can also be used as filters and antireflective coatings on optical devices and as down-converting layers. Processes for producing matrixes comprising semiconductor nanocrystals are also provided. Nanostructures having high quantum efficiency, small size, and/or a narrow size distribution are also described, as are methods of producing indium phosphide nanostructures and core-shell nanostructures with Group II-VI shells.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wilkins, Jesse L. M.; Norton, Anderson; Boyce, Steven J.
2013-01-01
Previous research has documented schemes and operations that undergird students' understanding of fractions. This prior research was based, in large part, on small-group teaching experiments. However, written assessments are needed in order for teachers and researchers to assess students' ways of operating on a whole-class scale. In this…
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Bauer, J. L.; Odonnell, T. P.; Hribar, V. F.
1986-01-01
The formulation of the graphite silicate paints MH-11 and MH-11Z, which will serve as electrically conductive, heat-resistant thermal control coatings for the Galileo spacecraft's 400 Newton engine plume shield, 10 Newton thruster plume shields, and external shunt radiators, is described, and performance results for these paints are reported. The MH-11 is produced by combining a certain grade of graphite powder with a silicate base to produce a black, inorganic, electrically conductive, room temperature cure thermal control paint having high temperature capability. Zinc oxide is added to the MH-11 formulation to produce the blister resistant painta MH-11Z. The mechanical, chemical, thermal, optical, and radiation characteristics of the coatings are reported. The formulation, mixing, application, and surface preparation of the substrates are described, and a method of determining the electrical resistance of the coatings is demonstrated.
Self-affine polytopes. Applications to functional equations and matrix theory
Voynov, Andrey S [M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics, Moscow (Russian Federation)
2011-10-31
A special kind of functional equation with compression of the argument--the affine self-similarity equation--is studied. The earlier known one-dimensional self-similarity equations are generalized to the multidimensional case of functions of several variables. A criterion for the existence and uniqueness of an L{sub p}-solution is established. Description of such equations involves classification of finite-dimensional convex self-affine compact sets. In this work properties of such objects are thoroughly analysed; in particular, a counterexample to the well-known conjecture about the structure of such bodies, which was put forward in 1991, is given. Applications of the results obtained include some facts about the convergence of products of stochastic matrices; also, criteria for the convergence of some subdivision algorithms are suggested. Bibliography: 39 titles.
Variable speed operation of generators with rotor-speed feedback in wind power applications
Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C.P.; Migliore, P.
1996-10-01
The use of induction generators in wind power applications has been common since the early development of the wind industry. Most of these generators operate at fixed frequency and are connected directly to the utility grid. Unfortunately, this mode of operation limits the rotor speed to a specific rpm. Variable-speed operation is preferred in order to facilitate maximum energy capture over a wide range of wind speeds. This paper explores variable-speed operating strategies for wind turbine applications. The objectives are to maximize energy production, provide controlled start-up and reduce torque loading. This paper focuses on optimizing the energy captured by operating at maximum aerodynamic efficiency at any wind speed. The control strategy analyzed uses rotor speed and generator power as the feedback signals. In the normal operating region, rotor speed is used to compute a target power that corresponds to optimum operation. With power as the control objective, the power converter and generator are controlled to track the target power at any rpm. Thus, the torque-speed characteristic of the generator is shaped to optimize the energy capture. The target power is continuously updated at any rpm. In extreme areas of the operating envelope, during start-up, shutdown, generator overload, or overspeed, different strategies driven by other system considerations must be used.
Variable speed operation of generators with rotor-speed feedback in wind power applications
Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C.P.; Migliore, P.
1995-11-01
The use of induction generators in wind power applications has been common since the early development of the wind industry. Most of these generators operate at fixed frequency and are connected directly to the utility grid. Unfortunately, this mode of operation limits the rotor speed to a specific rpm. Variable-speed operation is preferred in order to facilitate maximum energy capture over a wide range of wind speeds. This paper explores variable-speed operating strategies for wind turbine applications. The objectives are to maximize energy production, provide controlled start-up and reduce torque loading. This paper focuses on optimizing the energy captured by operating at maximum aerodynamic efficiency at any wind speed. The control strategy we analyze uses rotor speed and generator power as the feedback signals. In the normal operating region, rotor speed is used to compute a target power that corresponds to optimum operation. With power as the control objective, the power converter and generator are controlled to track the target power at any rpm. Thus, the torque-speed characteristic of the generator is shaped to optimize the energy capture. The target power is continuously updated at any rpm. in extreme areas of the operating envelope, during start-up, shutdown, generator overload, or overspeed, different strategies driven by other system considerations must be used.
Variable speed operation of generators with rotor-speed feedback in wind power applications
Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C.P.; Migliore, P.
1996-11-01
The use of induction generators in wind power applications has been common since the early development of the wind industry. Most of these generators operate at fixed frequency and are connected directly to the utility grid. Unfortunately, this mode of operation limits the rotor speed to a specific rpm. Variable speed operation is preferred in order to facilitate maximum energy capture over a wide range of wind speeds. This paper explores variable speed operating strategies for wind turbine applications. The objectives are to maximize energy production, provide controlled start-up, and reduce torque loading. This paper focuses on optimizing the energy captured by operating at maximum aerodynamic efficiency at any wind speed. The control strategy the authors analyze uses rotor speed and generator power as the feedback signals. In the normal operating region, rotor speed is used to compute a target power that corresponds to optimum operation. With power as the control objective, the power converter and generator are controlled to track the target power at any rpm. Thus, the torque-speed characteristic of the generator is shaped to optimize the energy capture. The target power is continuously updated at any rpm. In extreme areas of the operating envelope, during start-up, shutdown, generator overload, or overspeed, different strategies driven by other system considerations must be used.
Analytic system matrix resolution modeling in PET: an application to Rb-82 cardiac imaging
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Rahmim, A.; Tang, J.; Lodge, M. A.; Lashkari, S.; Ay, M. R.; Lautamäki, R.; Tsui, B. M. W.; Bengel, F. M.
2008-11-01
This work explores application of a novel resolution modeling technique based on analytic physical models which individually models the various resolution degrading effects in PET (positron range, photon non-collinearity, inter-crystal scattering and inter-crystal penetration) followed by their combination and incorporation within the image reconstruction task. In addition to phantom studies, the proposed technique was particularly applied to and studied in the task of clinical Rb-82 myocardial perfusion imaging, which presently suffers from poor statistics and resolution properties in the reconstructed images. Overall, the approach is able to produce considerable enhancements in image quality. The reconstructed FWHM for a Discovery RX PET/CT scanner was seen to improve from 5.1 mm to 7.7 mm across the field-of-view (FoV) to ~3.5 mm nearly uniformly across the FoV. Furthermore, extended-source phantom studies indicated clearly improved images in terms of contrast versus noise performance. Using Monte Carlo simulations of clinical Rb-82 imaging, the resolution modeling technique was seen to significantly outperform standard reconstructions qualitatively, and also quantitatively in terms of contrast versus noise (contrast between the myocardium and other organs, as well as between myocardial defects and the left ventricle).
Corum, J.M.; Simpson, W.A. Jr.; Sun, C.T.; Talreja, R.; Weitsman, Y.J.
1995-07-01
A key unanswered question that must be addressed before polymeric composites will be widely used in automotive structural components is their known durability. Major durability issues are the effects that cyclic loadings, creep, automotive fluid environments, and low-energy impacts have on dimensional stability, strength, and stiffness throughout the required life of a composite component. This report reviews the current state of understanding in each of these areas. It also discusses the limited information that exists on one of the prime candidate materials for automotive structural applications--an isocyanurate reinforced with a continuous strand, swirl mat. Because of the key role that nondestructive evaluations must play in understanding damage development and progression, a chapter is included on ultrasonic techniques. A final chapter then gives conclusions and recommendations for research needed to resolve the various durability issues. These recommendations will help provide a sound basis for program planning for the Durability of Lightweight Composite Structures Project sponsored by the US Department of Energy in cooperation with the Automotive Composites Consortium of Chrysler, Ford, and General Motors.
Potential application of embryo transfer in commercial beef cow/calf operations
Osborne, David
1991-01-01
Record of Study POTENTIAL APPLICATION OF EMBRYO TRANSFER IN COMMERCIAL BEEF COW/CALF OPERATIONS A PROFESSIONAL PAPER David Osborne Submitted to the College of Agriculture & Life Sciences of Texas A K M University in partial fullfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF AGRICULTURE December, 1991 Animal Science Beef Cattle Science POTENTIAL APPIICATION OF ENBRYO TRANSFER IN CONNERCIAL BEEP COW/CALF OPERATIONS A Professional Paper by David Osborne Approved to style R content...
Huang, Yi-Zhi
Quantum Hall systems Representation theory of vertex operator algebras Applications The end Quantum Hall states and the representation theory of vertex operator algebras Yi-Zhi Huang Rutgers University Science, CAS #12;Quantum Hall systems Representation theory of vertex operator algebras Applications
Huang, Yi-Zhi
Quantum Hall systems Representation theory of vertex operator algebras Applications The end Quantum Hall states and the representation theory of vertex operator algebras Yi-Zhi Huang Department;Quantum Hall systems Representation theory of vertex operator algebras Applications The end Outline 1
Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)
An aerial variable-rate application system consisting of a DGPS-based guidance system, automatic flow controller, and hydraulically controlled pump/valve was evaluated for response time to rapidly changing flow requirements and accuracy of application. Spray deposition position error was evaluated ...
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Minguillon, Julia; Pujol, Jaume
2001-04-01
In this paper we propose a method for computing JPEG quantization matrices for a given mean-square error (MSE) or peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR). Then, we employ our method to compute JPEG standard progressive operation mode definition scripts using a quantization approach. Therefore, it is no longer necessary to use a trial and error procedure to obtain a desired PSNR and/or definition script, reducing cost. First, we establish a relationship between a Laplacian source and its uniform quantization error. We apply this model to the coefficients obtained in the discrete cosine transform stage of the JPEG standard. Then, an image may be compressed using the JPEG standard under a global MSE (or PSNR) constraint and a set of local constraints determined by the JPEG standard and visual criteria. Second, we study the JPEG standard progressive operation mode from a quantization-based approach. A relationship between the measured image quality at a given stage of the coding process and a quantization matrix is found. Thus, the definition script construction problem can be reduced to a quantization problem. Simulations show that our method generates better quantization matrices than the classical method based on scaling the JPEG default quantization matrix. The estimation of PSNR has usually an error smaller than 1 dB. This figure decreases for high PSNR values. Definition scripts may be generated avoiding an excessive number of stages and removing small stages that do not contribute during the decoding process with a noticeable image quality improvement.
Martens, J.S.; Hietala, V.M.; Plut, T.A.
1995-01-03
The present invention comprises a novel matrix amplifier. The matrix amplifier includes an active superconducting power divider (ASPD) having N output ports; N distributed amplifiers each operatively connected to one of the N output ports of the ASPD; and a power combiner having N input ports each operatively connected to one of the N distributed amplifiers. The distributed amplifier can included M stages of amplification by cascading superconducting active devices. The power combiner can include N active elements. The resulting (N[times]M) matrix amplifier can produce signals of high output power, large bandwidth, and low noise. 6 figures.
Martens, Jon S. (Sunnyvale, CA); Hietala, Vincent M. (Placitas, NM); Plut, Thomas A. (Albuquerque, NM)
1995-01-01
The present invention comprises a novel matrix amplifier. The matrix amplifier includes an active superconducting power divider (ASPD) having N output ports; N distributed amplifiers each operatively connected to one of the N output ports of the ASPD; and a power combiner having N input ports each operatively connected to one of the N distributed amplifiers. The distributed amplifier can included M stages of amplification by cascading superconducting active devices. The power combiner can include N active elements. The resulting (N.times.M) matrix amplifier can produce signals of high output power, large bandwidth, and low noise.
Li, Huiying; Hopke, Philip K; Liu, Xiande; Du, Xiaoming; Li, Fasheng
2015-03-01
Surface water monitoring networks play an important role in the stream water quality management. Since a time series of data is obtained from the monitoring network, multivariate statistical techniques can be used to identify important factors or pollution sources of water system. Positive matrix factorization (PMF) is an improved factor analysis tool that has had limited application to water systems. The objective was to apply PMF to monitoring data to apportion water pollution sources in the Daliao River (DLR) basin. The DLR basin includes the Hun and Taizi River catchments in northeast China. This basin is densely populated and heavily industrialized. Fourteen monitoring stations located on the two rivers were used for monitoring 13 physical and chemical parameters from 1990 to 2002. Results show that five sources/processes in the Hun River and four in the Taizi River were identified by marker species and spatial-temporal variations of resolved factors, including point and nonpoint sources for both rivers. In addition, the industrial pollution source emission inventory data were used to compare with the resolved industrial sources. Results reveal that chemical transformations have influenced some chemical species. However, this influence is small compared with observed seasonal variations. Therefore, identification of pollution point and nonpoint sources by their seasonal variations is possible, which will also aid in water quality management. The spatial variation of the industrial pollutants typically corresponded with the urban industrial pollution source inventories. PMID:25655122
Comment on "Photoionization of endohedral atoms using R-matrix methods: Application to Xe@C60"
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Amusia, M. Ya.; Chernysheva, L. V.
2014-05-01
We demonstrate that what is called a total photoionization cross section in the work by T. W. Gorczyca, M. F. Hasoglu, and S. T. Manson [Phys. Rev. A 86, 033204 (2012), 10.1103/PhysRevA.86.033204] is in fact a partial photoionization cross section. These quantities differ impressively even in isolated atoms. This demonstrates the prominent role of inelastic collisions of a photoelectron from an intermediate or inner shell not mentioned in their paper. We discuss briefly the correspondence between the experimental data, theoretical predictions, and R-matrix results from Phys. Rev. A 86, 033204 (2012), 10.1103/PhysRevA.86.033204. We call attention to the danger in using parameters of C60 potential selected by fitting the same experimental data that one wants to describe. We show that our criticism is applicable to the theoretical part of the most recent publication on photoionization of Xe @C60+ [10 R. A. Phaneuf et al., Phys. Rev. A 88, 053402 (2013), 10.1103/PhysRevA.88.053402].
Lee, Jiann-Fong; Chen, Hsuen-Li; Lee, Geneh-Siang; Tseng, Shao-Chin; Lin, Mei-Hsiang; Liau, Wen-Bin
2012-01-01
This study synthesized a europium (Eu3+) complex Eu(DBM)3Cl-MIP (DBM = dibenzoyl methane; Cl-MIP = 2-(2-chlorophenyl)-1-methyl-1H-imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]phenanthroline) dispersed in a benzyl methacrylate (BMA) monomer and treated with ultraviolet (UV) light for polymerization. Spectral results showed that the europium complex containing an antenna, Cl-MIP, which had higher triplet energy into the Eu3+ energy level, was an energetically enhanced europium emission. Typical stacking behaviors of ?–? interactions between the ligands and the Eu3+-ion were analyzed using single crystal X-ray diffraction. Regarding the luminescence performance of this europium composite, the ligand/defect emission was suppressed by dispersion in a poly-BMA (PBMA) matrix. The underlying mechanism of the effective enhancement of the pure Eu3+ emission was attributed to the combined effects of structural modifications, defect emissions, and carrier charge transfer. Fluorescence spectra were compared to the composite of optimized Eu3+ emission where they were subsequently chelated to four metal ions via carboxylate groups on the BMA unit. The optical enhanced europium composite clearly demonstrated highly efficient optical responses and is, therefore a promising application as an optical detection material. PMID:22489178
Li, Dong-Ying; Liu, Xiao-Qian; Feng, Wei-Hong; Wang, Zhi-Min; Yi, Hong; Meng, Qing-Ju
2013-11-01
To investigate the feasible application of the bioassay method in the evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine sustained-release preparations, develop a rapid drug-release evaluation method in vitro for multi-component preparations, and replace the biological activity determination method characterizing the overall behavior with the existing drug-release evaluation method for single component, in order to give better instruction for sustained-release preparations. HPLC was adopted to determine dissolution media, drug releasing rates, and accumulative releasing of active ingredients (salvianolic acid B, protocatechuic aldehyde and rosmarinic acid) of Salvia Miltiorrhiza hydrophilic gel matrix tablets. The ultraviolet spectroscopy was adopted to determine the antioxidant activity of release media, and evaluate the correlation between the drug-time curve of various drug components and the drug-time curve of the total antioxidant activity. The correlation coefficient between the drug-release curve of various components and the drug-time curve of the total antioxidant activity was higher than the critical value r 0.898 (P < 0.001). This indicated that the drug-release curve of the three phenolic acids and the drug-time curve of the total antioxidant activity had a good correlation in different conditions, such as dissolution media, release rates and component ratios. The bioassay method for determination was feasible, simple and convenient for preparation quality evaluation and prescription design in the place of in vitro dissolution. PMID:24558869
Monte Carlo applications for the design and operation of nuclear facilities
Carter, L.L.; Bunch, W.L.; Morford, R.J.; Wootan, D.W.; Schwarz, R.A.
1988-06-01
The computational capabilities of current supercomputers enable the application of rigorous Monte Carlo methods to solve day-to-day neutronics and shielding problems. Experience at Westinghouse Hanford Company has included applications to: reactor operations, decommissioning of a reactor facility, and the design of a space reactor; intermediate energy accelerators; and high-level waste facilities and casks. These practical applications are typically computationally intensive because of the amount of information required. A number of practical examples are discussed. An increase in effective computer capabilities would further enhance the use of Monte Carlo methods. 16 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.
Polynomial Supersymmetry for Matrix Hamiltonians
Andrey V. Sokolov
2013-07-16
We study intertwining relations for matrix one-dimensional, in general, non-Hermitian Hamiltonians by matrix differential operators of arbitrary order. It is established that for any matrix intertwining operator Q_N^- of minimal order N there is a matrix operator Q_{N'}^+ of different, in general, order N' that intertwines the same Hamiltonians as Q_N^- in the opposite direction and such that the products Q_{N'}^+Q_N^- and Q_N^-Q_{N'}^+ are identical polynomials of the corresponding Hamiltonians. The related polynomial algebra of supersymmetry is constructed. The problems of minimization and of reducibility of a matrix intertwining operator are considered and the criteria of minimizability and of reducibility are presented. It is shown that there are absolutely irreducible matrix intertwining operators, in contrast to the scalar case.
SAI (SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS, INCORPORATED) AIRSHED MODEL OPERATIONS MANUALS. VOLUME 1. USER'S MANUAL
This report presents a general view of the Systems Applications, Inc. (SAI) Airshed Model as well as detailed operating instructions for the user. Included are discussions of all the files needed to run the model, the data preparation programs that produce each file, the input fo...
Variable Speed Limit Systems: Safety and Operational Impacts for Freeways Applications
Hellinga, Bruce
model to quantify the impacts of VSLS implementation on safety and traffic performance. The VSLS control. In general VSLS systems aim to homogenize traffic flow, improve safety, and reduce driver stress. The useVariable Speed Limit Systems: Safety and Operational Impacts for Freeways Applications Bruce
MeghaOS: Cloud based operating system and a framework for mobile application development
K G Srinivasa; C S Harish Raddi; S H Mohan Krishna; Nidhi Venkatesh
2011-01-01
With the advent in high-speed Internet technologies, the concept of cloud computing has become more popular. In the proposed system, users work with Cloud-based framework accessible via browser on any device, which is similar in services, applications, look and feel of an operating system. With this design, users can work from multiple devices and multiple places which are accessible to
O'Toole, Alice J.
Enrollment Form for Special Risk Accident & Liability Insurance Sports Camp Application for UT Owned & Operated Camps Named Insured: Board of Regents of the University of Texas System 1. UT Institution: UT DALLAS Department (e.g. Athletics, Music): _______________________________ 2. Name of Camp
78 FR 7818 - Duane Arnold Energy Center; Application for Amendment to Facility Operating License
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2013-02-04
...50-331; NRC-2013-0022] Duane Arnold Energy Center; Application for Amendment...granted the request of NextEra Energy Duane Arnold, LLC (the licensee) to withdraw its...Operating License No. DPR-49 for the Duane Arnold Energy Center, located in Iowa,...
3D exploitation system for operational applications of Earth observation data
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bonavenia, Roberto; Colaiacomo, Lucio; Dooley, Colin; Menu, Eric; Palumbo, Gianluca; Prisco, Giulio; Valero, Juan L.; Villemaud, Olivier
1999-07-01
The operational applicability of Earth Observation data to facilitate decision making is demonstrated with examples taken from the work of the Western European Union Satellite Center in Madrid. Analysis and reporting techniques based on 3D representations of the surface of the Earth and Virtual Reality are described.
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2011-03-04
...REGULATORY COMMISSION [Docket No. 50-461; NRC-2011-0050] Clinton Power Station Notice of Withdrawal of Application for Amendment...amendment to Facility Operating License No. NPF-62 for the Clinton Power Station, Unit 1, located in DeWitt County,...
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2013-03-14
...REGULATORY COMMISSION [Docket No. 50-302; NRC-2011-0301] Crystal River Unit 3 Nuclear Generating Plant, Application for Amendment...amendment to Facility Operating License No. DPR-72 for the Crystal River Unit 3 Nuclear Generating Plant (CR-3),...
An investigation of potential applications of OP-SAPS: Operational Sampled Analog Processors
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Parrish, E. A.; Mcvey, E. S.
1977-01-01
The application of OP-SAP's (operational sampled analog processors) in pattern recognition system is summarized. Areas investigated include: (1) human face recognition; (2) a high-speed programmable transversal filter system; (3) discrete word (speech) recognition; and (4) a resolution enhancement system.
Is CBR Applicable to the Coordination of Search and Rescue Operations? A Feasibility Study
Yang, Qiang
Is CBR Applicable to the Coordination of Search and Rescue Operations? A Feasibility Study Irène@cs.sfu.ca Abstract. In response to the occurrence of an air incident, controllers at one of the three Canadian Rescue, development of a plan for the search and rescue (SAR) missions and in the end, the generation of reports. We
An Operational Safety and Certification Assessment of a TASAR EFB Application
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Koczo, Stefan; Wing, David
2013-01-01
This paper presents an overview of a Traffic Aware Strategic Aircrew Requests (TASAR) Electronic Flight Bag application intended to inform the pilot of trajectory improvement opportunities while en route that result in operational benefits. The results of safety analyses and a detailed review of Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) regulatory documents that establish certification and operational approval requirements are presented for TASAR. The safety analyses indicate that TASAR has a likely Failure Effects Classification of “No Effect,” and at most, is no worse than “Minor Effect.” Based on this safety assessment and the detailed review of FAA regulatory documents that determine certification and operational approval requirements, this study concludes that TASAR can be implemented in the flight deck as a Type B software application hosted on a Class 2 Portable Electronic Device (PED) Electronic Flight Bag (EFB). This implementation approach would provide a relatively low-cost path to certification and operational approval for both retrofit and forward fit implementation, while at the same time facilitating the business case for early ADS-B IN equipage. A preliminary review by FAA certification and operational approvers of the analyses presented here confirmed that the conclusions are appropriate and that TASAR will be considered a Type B application.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Benbenek, Daniel B.; Walsh, William
2010-01-01
This greenbook captures some of the current, planned and possible future uses of the Internet Protocol (IP) as part of Space Operations. It attempts to describe how the Internet Protocol is used in specific scenarios. Of primary focus is low-earth-orbit space operations, which is referred to here as the design reference mission (DRM). This is because most of the program experience drawn upon derives from this type of mission. Application profiles are provided. This includes parameter settings programs have proposed for sending IP datagrams over CCSDS links, the minimal subsets and features of the IP protocol suite and applications expected for interoperability between projects, and the configuration, operations and maintenance of these IP functions. Of special interest is capturing the lessons learned from the Constellation Program in this area, since that program included a fairly ambitious use of the Internet Protocol.
Mathieu Lewin; Eric Séré
2008-12-11
This paper, devoted to the study of spectral pollution, contains both abstract results and applications to some self-adjoint operators with a gap in their essential spectrum occuring in Quantum Mechanics. First we consider Galerkin basis which respect the decomposition of the ambient Hilbert space into a direct sum $H=PH\\oplus(1-P)H$, given by a fixed orthogonal projector $P$, and we localize the polluted spectrum exactly. This is followed by applications to periodic Schr\\"odinger operators (pollution is absent in a Wannier-type basis), and to Dirac operator (several natural decompositions are considered). In the second part, we add the constraint that within the Galerkin basis there is a certain relation between vectors in $PH$ and vectors in $(1-P)H$. Abstract results are proved and applied to several practical methods like the famous "kinetic balance" of relativistic Quantum Mechanics.
General Purpose Data-Driven Online System Health Monitoring with Applications to Space Operations
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Iverson, David L.; Spirkovska, Lilly; Schwabacher, Mark
2010-01-01
Modern space transportation and ground support system designs are becoming increasingly sophisticated and complex. Determining the health state of these systems using traditional parameter limit checking, or model-based or rule-based methods is becoming more difficult as the number of sensors and component interactions grows. Data-driven monitoring techniques have been developed to address these issues by analyzing system operations data to automatically characterize normal system behavior. System health can be monitored by comparing real-time operating data with these nominal characterizations, providing detection of anomalous data signatures indicative of system faults, failures, or precursors of significant failures. The Inductive Monitoring System (IMS) is a general purpose, data-driven system health monitoring software tool that has been successfully applied to several aerospace applications and is under evaluation for anomaly detection in vehicle and ground equipment for next generation launch systems. After an introduction to IMS application development, we discuss these NASA online monitoring applications, including the integration of IMS with complementary model-based and rule-based methods. Although the examples presented in this paper are from space operations applications, IMS is a general-purpose health-monitoring tool that is also applicable to power generation and transmission system monitoring.
43 CFR 3250.14 - What types of operations may I propose in my application to conduct exploration?
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-10-01
...propose in my application to conduct exploration? 3250.14 Section 3250.14 ...3000) GEOTHERMAL RESOURCE LEASING Exploration Operations-General § 3250.14...propose in my application to conduct exploration? (a) You may propose any...
43 CFR 3250.14 - What types of operations may I propose in my application to conduct exploration?
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-10-01
...propose in my application to conduct exploration? 3250.14 Section 3250.14 ...3000) GEOTHERMAL RESOURCE LEASING Exploration Operations-General § 3250.14...propose in my application to conduct exploration? (a) You may propose any...
43 CFR 3250.14 - What types of operations may I propose in my application to conduct exploration?
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-10-01
...propose in my application to conduct exploration? 3250.14 Section 3250.14 ...3000) GEOTHERMAL RESOURCE LEASING Exploration Operations-General § 3250.14...propose in my application to conduct exploration? (a) You may propose any...