Introducing Matrix Operations through Biological Applications
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Angela B. Shiflet
For the Blue Waters Undergraduate Petascale Education Program (NSF), we developed a computational science module, "Living Links: Applications of Matrix Operations to Population Studies," which introduces matrix operations using applications to population studies and provides accompanying programs in a variety of systems (C/MPI, MATLAB, Mathematica). The module provides a foundation for the use of matrix operations that are essential to modeling numerous computational science applications from population studies to social networks. This paper describes the module; details experiences using the material in two undergraduate courses (High Performance Computing and Linear Algebra) in 2010 and 2011 at Wofford College and two workshops for Ph.D. students at Monash University in Melbourne, Australia, in 2011; and describes refinements to the module based on suggestions in student and instructor evaluations.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Blake, Lewis
Created by Lewis Blake and David Smith of the Connected Curriculum Project, the purposes of this module are to experiment with matrix operations, especially multiplication, inversion, and determinants, and to explore applications to solving systems of linear equations. In the process of studying these matrix operations, we will learn how to use a helper application to carry out matrix computations.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Blake, Lewis
Created by Lewis Blake and David Smith for the Connected Curriculum Project, the purposes of this module are to experiment with matrix operations, espcially multiplication, inversion, and determinants, and to explore applications to solving systems of linear equations. In the process of studying these matrix operations, we will learn how to use a helper application to carry out matrix computations. This is one of a much larger set of learning modules hosted by Duke University.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Digital Equipment Corp., Maynard, MA.
The curriculum materials and computer programs in this booklet introduce the idea of a matrix. They go on to discuss matrix operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication by a scalar, and matrix multiplication. The last section covers several contemporary applications of matrix multiplication, including problems of communication…
Living Links: Applications of Matrix Operations to Population Studies
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Angela B. Shiflet, George W. Shiflet, Jesse A. Hanley
Many computational science models involve matrices. This module will provide a foundation for understanding matrices and some of their operations with examples from population dynamics and will provide background material for other computational science modules. The module will also have a discussion of the importance of matrices in many models that employ high performance computing. The model will have two accompanying tutorials. One will include some of the basics of MPI. The other will provide an introduction to matrices in Mathematica along with Grid Mathematica.
Matrix-free application of Hamiltonian operators in Coifman wavelet bases
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Acevedo, Ramiro; Lombardini, Richard; Johnson, Bruce R.
2010-06-01
A means of evaluating the action of Hamiltonian operators on functions expanded in orthogonal compact support wavelet bases is developed, avoiding the direct construction and storage of operator matrices that complicate extension to coupled multidimensional quantum applications. Application of a potential energy operator is accomplished by simple multiplication of the two sets of expansion coefficients without any convolution. The errors of this coefficient product approximation are quantified and lead to use of particular generalized coiflet bases, derived here, that maximize the number of moment conditions satisfied by the scaling function. This is at the expense of the number of vanishing moments of the wavelet function (approximation order), which appears to be a disadvantage but is shown surmountable. In particular, application of the kinetic energy operator, which is accomplished through the use of one-dimensional (1D) [or at most two-dimensional (2D)] differentiation filters, then degrades in accuracy if the standard choice is made. However, it is determined that use of high-order finite-difference filters yields strongly reduced absolute errors. Eigensolvers that ordinarily use only matrix-vector multiplications, such as the Lanczos algorithm, can then be used with this more efficient procedure. Applications are made to anharmonic vibrational problems: a 1D Morse oscillator, a 2D model of proton transfer, and three-dimensional vibrations of nitrosyl chloride on a global potential energy surface.
Operational Models Matrix: Characteristics of Operational NWP Models
NSDL National Science Digital Library
COMET
2007-10-19
Operational Models Matrix: Characteristics of Operational NWP Models, part of the Numerical Weather Prediction Professional Development Series, contains information about the characteristics and architecture of commonly used operational models, their operationally significant strengths and weaknesses, and model assessment tools. The information is updated whenever significant model changes are made. The module is linked to the Impact of Model Numerics on Weather Depiction module (also in the NWP PDS), which provides background information about model components. The subject matter expert for this module is Dr. Ralph Petersen of the National Centers for Environmental Prediction, Environmental Modeling Center (NCEP/EMC).
Matrix models from operators and topological strings
Marcos Marino; Szabolcs Zakany
2015-02-10
We propose a new family of matrix models whose $1/N$ expansion captures the all-genus topological string on toric Calabi-Yau threefolds. These matrix models are constructed from the trace class operators appearing in the quantization of the corresponding mirror curves. The fact that they provide a non-perturbative realization of the (standard) topological string follows from a recent conjecture connecting the spectral properties of these operators, to the enumerative invariants of the underlying Calabi-Yau threefolds. We study in detail the resulting matrix models for some simple geometries, like local $\\mathbb P^2$ and local $\\mathbb F_2$, and we verify that their weak 't Hooft coupling expansion reproduces the topological string free energies near the conifold singularity. These matrix models are formally similar to those appearing in the Fermi-gas formulation of Chern-Simons-matter theories, and their $1/N$ expansion receives non-perturbative corrections determined by the Nekrasov-Shatashvili limit of the refined topological string.
J. Bloch; A. Frommer; B. Lang; T. Wettig
2007-10-19
The overlap Dirac operator in lattice QCD requires the computation of the sign function of a matrix. While this matrix is usually Hermitian, it becomes non-Hermitian in the presence of a quark chemical potential. We show how the action of the sign function of a non-Hermitian matrix on an arbitrary vector can be computed efficiently on large lattices by an iterative method. A Krylov subspace approximation based on the Arnoldi algorithm is described for the evaluation of a generic matrix function. The efficiency of the method is spoiled when the matrix has eigenvalues close to a function discontinuity. This is cured by adding a small number of critical eigenvectors to the Krylov subspace, for which we propose two different deflation schemes. The ensuing modified Arnoldi method is then applied to the sign function, which has a discontinuity along the imaginary axis. The numerical results clearly show the improved efficiency of the method. Our modification is particularly effective when the action of the sign function of the same matrix has to be computed many times on different vectors, e.g., if the overlap Dirac operator is inverted using an iterative method.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Doppler, Lionel; Carbajal-Henken, Cintia; Pelon, Jacques; Ravetta, François; Fischer, Jürgen
2014-09-01
1-D radiative transfer code Matrix-Operator Model (MOMO), has been extended from [0.2-3.65 ?m] the band to the whole [0.2-100 ?m] spectrum. MOMO can now be used for the computation of a full range of radiation budgets (shortwave and longwave). This extension to the longwave part of the electromagnetic radiation required to consider radiative transfer processes that are features of the thermal infrared: the spectroscopy of the water vapor self- and foreign-continuum of absorption at 12 ?m and the emission of radiation by gases, aerosol, clouds and surface. MOMO's spectroscopy module, Coefficient of Gas Absorption (CGASA), has been developed for computation of gas extinction coefficients, considering continua and spectral line absorptions. The spectral dependences of gas emission/absorption coefficients and of Planck's function are treated using a k-distribution. The emission of radiation is implemented in the adding-doubling process of the matrix operator method using Schwarzschild's approach in the radiative transfer equation (a pure absorbing/emitting medium, namely without scattering). Within the layer, the Planck-function is assumed to have an exponential dependence on the optical-depth. In this paper, validation tests are presented for clear air case studies: comparisons to the analytical solution of a monochromatic Schwarzschild's case without scattering show an error of less than 0.07% for a realistic atmosphere with an optical depth and a blackbody temperature that decrease linearly with altitude. Comparisons to radiative transfer code RTTOV are presented for simulations of top of atmosphere brightness temperature for channels of the space-borne instrument MODIS. Results show an agreement varying from 0.1 K to less than 1 K depending on the channel. Finally MOMO results are compared to CALIPSO Infrared Imager Radiometer (IIR) measurements for clear air cases. A good agreement was found between computed and observed radiance: biases are smaller than 0.5 K and Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) varies between 0.4 K and 0.6 K depending on the channel. The extension of the code allows the utilization of MOMO as forward model for remote sensing algorithms in the full range spectrum. Another application is full range radiation budget computations (heating rates or forcings).
Modulation and control of matrix converter for aerospace application
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kobravi, Keyhan
In the context of modern aircraft systems, a major challenge is power conversion to supply the aircraft's electrical instruments. These instruments are energized through a fixed-frequency internal power grid. In an aircraft, the available sources of energy are a set of variable-speed generators which provide variable-frequency ac voltages. Therefore, to energize the internal power grid of an aircraft, the variable-frequency ac voltages should be converted to a fixed-frequency ac voltage. As a result, an ac to ac power conversion is required within an aircraft's power system. This thesis develops a Matrix Converter to energize the aircraft's internal power grid. The Matrix Converter provides a direct ac to ac power conversion. A major challenge of designing Matrix Converters for aerospace applications is to minimize the volume and weight of the converter. These parameters are minimized by increasing the switching frequency of the converter. To design a Matrix Converter operating at a high switching frequency, this thesis (i) develops a scheme to integrate fast semiconductor switches within the current available Matrix Converter topologies, i.e., MOSFET-based Matrix Converter, and (ii) develops a new modulation strategy for the Matrix Converter. This Matrix Converter and the new modulation strategy enables the operation of the converter at a switching-frequency of 40kHz. To provide a reliable source of energy, this thesis also develops a new methodology for robust control of Matrix Converter. To verify the performance of the proposed MOSFET-based Matrix Converter, modulation strategy, and control design methodology, various simulation and experimental results are presented. The experimental results are obtained under operating condition present in an aircraft. The experimental results verify the proposed Matrix Converter provides a reliable power conversion in an aircraft under extreme operating conditions. The results prove the superiority of the proposed Matrix Converter technology for ac to ac power conversion regarding the existing technologies of Matrix Converters.
Quasi Exactly Solvable NxN-Matrix Schroedinger Operators
Yves Brihaye; Betti Hartmann
2001-07-30
New examples of matrix quasi exactly solvable Schroedinger operators are constructed. One of them constitutes a matrix generalization of the quasi exactly solvable anharmonic oscillator, the corresponding invariant vector space is constructed explicitely. Also investigated are matrix generalizations of the Lame equation.
Spatial operator factorization and inversion of the manipulator mass matrix
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Rodriguez, Guillermo; Kreutz-Delgado, Kenneth
1992-01-01
This paper advances two linear operator factorizations of the manipulator mass matrix. Embedded in the factorizations are many of the techniques that are regarded as very efficient computational solutions to inverse and forward dynamics problems. The operator factorizations provide a high-level architectural understanding of the mass matrix and its inverse, which is not visible in the detailed algorithms. They also lead to a new approach to the development of computer programs or organize complexity in robot dynamics.
From nucleon-nucleon interaction matrix elements in momentum space to an operator representation
D. Weber; H. Feldmeier; H. Hergert; T. Neff
2014-04-03
Starting from the matrix elements of the nucleon-nucleon interaction in momentum space we present a method to derive an operator representation with a minimal set of operators that is required to provide an optimal description of the partial waves with low angular momentum. As a first application we use this method to obtain an operator representation for the Argonne potential transformed by means of the unitary correlation operator method and discuss the necessity of including momentum dependent operators. The resulting operator representation leads to the same results as the original momentum space matrix elements when applied to the two-nucleon system and various light nuclei. For applications in fermionic and antisymmetrized molecular dynamics, where an operator representation of a soft but realistic effective interaction is indispensable, a simplified version using a reduced set of operators is given.
The Matrix Exponential Approach To Elementary Operations
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Delosme, Jean-Marc
1986-04-01
In 1971, J.S. Walther generalized and unified J.E. Volder's coordinate rotation (CORDIC) algorithms. Using Walther's algorithms a few commonly used functions such as divide, multiply-and-accumulate, arctan, plane rotation, arctanh, hyperbolic rotation can be implemented on the same simple hardware (shifters and adders, elementary controller) and computed in approximately the same time. Can other useful functions be computed on the same hardware by further generalizing these algorithms? Our positive answer lies in a deeper understanding of Walther's unification: the key to the CORDIC algorithms is that all of them effect the multiplication of a vector by the exponential of a 2 X 2 matrix. The importance of this observation is readily demonstrated as it easily yields the convergence conditions for the CORDIC algorithms and an efficient way of extending the domain of convergence for the hyperbolic functions. A correspondence may be established between elementary functions such as square-root, ?(x2+y) , inverse square-root or cubic root and exponentials of simple matrices. Whenever such a correspondence is found, a CORDIC-like algorithm for computing the function can be synthesized in a very straightforward manner. The algorithms thus derived have a simple structure and exhibit uniform convergence inside an adjustable, precisely defined, domain.
Andrey V. Sokolov
2014-07-19
We study intertwining relations for $n\\times n$ matrix non-Hermitian, in general, one-dimensional Hamiltonians by $n\\times n$ matrix linear differential operators with nondegenerate coefficients at $d/dx$ in the highest degree. Some methods of constructing of $n\\times n$ matrix intertwining operator of the first order of general form are proposed and their interrelation is examined. As example we construct $2\\times2$ matrix Hamiltonian of general form intertwined by operator of the first order with the Hamiltonian with zero matrix potential. It is shown that one can add for the final $2\\times2$ matrix Hamiltonian with respect to the initial matrix Hamiltonian with the help of intertwining operator of the first order either up to two bound states for different energy values or up to two bound states described by vector-eigenfunctions for the same energy value or up to two bound states described by vector-eigenfunction and associated vector-function for the same energy value.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sokolov, Andrey V.
2015-02-01
We study relations describing the intertwining of n × n matrix, in general non-Hermitian, one-dimensional Hamiltonians by n× n matrix linear differential operators with nondegenerate coefficients of d/dx in the highest degree. Some methods for constructing n× n matrix intertwining operators of the first order of general form are proposed and their interrelations are examined. We construct, as an example, a 2 × 2 matrix Hamiltonian of general form intertwined by an operator of the first order with the Hamiltonian with zero matrix potential. It is shown that one can add, for the final 2 × 2 matrix Hamiltonian with respect to the initial matrix Hamiltonian, with the help of an intertwining operator of first order, up to two bound states for different energy values, or up to two bound states described by vector-eigenfunctions for the same energy value, or up to two bound states described by a vector-eigenfunction and an associated vector-function for the same energy value. This article is registered at http://arxiv.org/ under preprint number 1406.0191 [math-ph].
Active matrix OLED for rugged HMD and viewfinder applications
Kia Low; Susan K. Jones; Olivier Prache; David A. Fellowes
2004-01-01
We present characterization of a full-color 852x3x600-pixel, active matrix organic light emitting diode (AMOLED) color microdisplay (eMagin Corporation's SVGA+ display) for environmentally demanding applications. The results show that the AMOLED microdisplay can provide cold-start turn-on and operate at extreme temperature conditions, far in excess of non-emissive displays. Correction factors for gamma response of the AMOLED microdisplay as a function of
Matrix Operator Theory of Radiative Transfer 1: Rayleigh Scattering
Gilbert N. Plass; George W. Kattawar; Frances E. Catchings
1973-01-01
An entirely rigorous method for the solution of the equations for radiative transfer based on the matrix operator theory is reviewed. The advantages of the present method are: (1) all orders of the reflection and transmission matrices are calculated at once; (2) layers of any thickness may be combined, so that a realistic model of the atmosphere can be developed
Airbreathing Hypersonic Vision-Operational-Vehicles Design Matrix
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Hunt, James L.; Pegg, Robert J.; Petley, Dennis H.
1999-01-01
This paper presents the status of the airbreathing hypersonic airplane and space-access vision-operational-vehicle design matrix, with emphasis on horizontal takeoff and landing systems being, studied at Langley, it reflects the synergies and issues, and indicates the thrust of the effort to resolve the design matrix including Mach 5 to 10 airplanes with global-reach potential, pop-up and dual-role transatmospheric vehicles and airbreathing launch systems. The convergence of several critical systems/technologies across the vehicle matrix is indicated. This is particularly true for the low speed propulsion system for large unassisted horizontal takeoff vehicles which favor turbines and/or perhaps pulse detonation engines that do not require LOX which imposes loading concerns and mission Flexibility restraints.
Airbreathing Hypersonic Vision-Operational-Vehicles Design Matrix
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Hunt, James L.; Pegg, Robert J.; Petley, Dennis H.
1999-01-01
This paper presents the status of the airbreathing hypersonic airplane and space-access vision-operational-vehicle design matrix, with emphasis on horizontal takeoff and landing systems being studied at Langley; it reflects the synergies and issues, and indicates the thrust of the effort to resolve the design matrix including Mach 5 to 10 airplanes with global-reach potential, pop-up and dual-role transatmospheric vehicles and airbreathing launch systems. The convergence of several critical systems/technologies across the vehicle matrix is indicated. This is particularly true for the low speed propulsion system for large unassisted horizontal takeoff vehicles which favor turbines and/or perhaps pulse detonation engines that do not require LOX which imposes loading concerns and mission flexibility restraints.
Distributed generation using indirect matrix converter in boost operating mode
Xiong Liu; Poh Chiang Loh; Peng Wang; Frede Blaabjerg
2011-01-01
Indirect matrix converter (IMC) using two stages configuration is an interesting alternative for ac\\/ac conversions. In some cases, the ac\\/ac converter needs boost function, which can't be achieved by traditional IMC due to its limited input-to-output voltage transfer gain 0.866. Alternatively, reverse power flow operation of IMC can be implemented to meet voltage boost requirement, where the input ac source
On integrable matrix product operators with bond dimension D = 4
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Katsura, Hosho
2015-01-01
We construct and study a two-parameter family of matrix product operators of bond dimension D = 4. The operators M(x, y) act on ({\\Bbb{C}}_2)\\otimes N , i.e. the space of states of a spin-1/2 chain of length N. For the particular values of the parameters: x = 1/3 and y=1/\\sqrt{3} , the operator turns out to be proportional to the square root of the reduced density matrix of the valence-bond-solid state on a hexagonal ladder. We show that M(x, y) has several interesting properties when (x, y) lies on the unit circle centered at the origin: x2 + y2 = 1. In this case, we find that M(x, y) commutes with the Hamiltonian and all the conserved charges of the isotropic spin-1/2 Heisenberg chain. Moreover, M(x1, y1) and M(x2, y2) are mutually commuting if x^2i + y^2_i=1 for both i = 1 and 2. These remarkable properties of M(x, y) are proved as a consequence of the Yang–Baxter equation.
Sharp Estimates in Ruelle Theorems for Matrix Transfer Operators
J. Campbell; Y. Latushkin
1997-01-01
: A matrix coefficient transfer operator , on the space of -sections of an m-dimensional vector bundle over n-dimensional compact manifold is considered. The spectral radius of is estimated by\\\\para; and the essential spectral radius by\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Here is the set of ergodic f-invariant measures, and for is the measure-theoretic entropy of f, is the largest Lyapunov exponent of the cocycle
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Shizgal, Bernie D.; Dridi, Raouf
2010-09-01
A Maple code is provided which is used to compute the matrix elements of the collision operators in the Boltzmann equation for arbitrary differential elastic collision cross section. The present paper describes an efficient method for the calculation of the matrix elements of the collision operators in the Sonine basis set. The method employs the generating functions for these polynomials. The transport properties of gaseous mixtures of atoms and/or ions are generally determined from solutions of the Boltzmann equation. The solution of the Boltzmann equation for the velocity distribution functions requires a representation of the integral collision operators defined by the differential cross sections describing collisions between pairs of particles. Many applications have considered either the simple hard sphere cross section or the cross section corresponding to the inverse fourth power of the inter-particle distance ("Maxwell molecules"). There are a few applications where realistic quantum mechanical cross sections have been used. The basis set of Sonine (or Laguerre) polynomials is the basis set of choice used to represent the distribution functions. The Maple code provided is used to express the matrix elements of the collision operators in terms of a finite sum of the omega integrals of transport theory and defined by the differential cross section. Thus the matrix representations of the collision operators are applicable to arbitrary interaction potentials. Program summaryProgram title: MCBC Catalogue identifier: AEGJ_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEGJ_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Standard CPC licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 2422 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 48 653 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: Maple Computer: Personal computer or workstation Operating system: Windows or Linux RAM: bytes Classification: 12 Nature of problem: The representation of the collision operators in the Boltzmann equation in the basis set of Sonine (Laguerre) polynomials. Solution method: The matrix element of the generating function for the Sonine polynomials are evaluated analytically. The individual matrix elements are the coefficients in the double power series expansion in two parameters. The Maple code is used to effect this expansion and extract the coefficients of the omega integrals. The omega integrals are defined by the differential cross section. Running time: A few seconds for the examples provided.
Digraph matrix analysis applications to systems interactions
Alesso, H.P.; Altenbach, T.; Lappa, D.; Kimura, C.; Sacks, I.J.; Ashmore, B.C.; Fromme, D.; Smith, C.F.; Williams, W.
1984-01-01
Complex events such as Three Mile Island-2, Brown's Ferry-3 and Crystal River-3 have demonstrated that previously unidentified system interdependencies can be important to safety. A major aspect of these events was dependent faults (common cause/mode failures). The term systems interactions has been introduced by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to identify the concepts of spatial and functional coupling of systems which can lead to system interdependencies. Spatial coupling refers to dependencies resulting from a shared environmental condition; functional coupling refers to both dependencies resulting from components shared between safety and/or support systems, and to dependencies involving human actions. The NRC is currently developing guidelines to search for and evaluate adverse systems interactions at light water reactors. One approach utilizes graph theoretical methods and is called digraph matrix analysis (DMA). This methodology has been specifically tuned to the systems interaction problem. The objective of this paper is to present results from two DMA applications and to contrast them with the results from more traditional fault tree approaches.
New fractional matrix with its applications in image encryption
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Zhang, Feng; Hu, Yang; Tao, Ran; Wang, Yue
2014-12-01
In this paper, new fractional matrix generation by using different the periodic matrix sequences are considered. For a periodic matrix with period P, its integer forms and fractional forms can constitute different periodic matrix sequences. The series of the periodic matrix sequence can be used to compute and construct different fractional matrices, which is depended on the relationship between the period and the size of the periodic matrix sequence. The proposed fractional matrix generation method is general and can be used to any periodic matrices. Then, we extend the new fractional matrices to multi-order forms, which can be used in image encryption. Simulation results and the application example in image encryption using the obtained new fractional matrix are also presented.
Dense and Sparse Matrix Operations on the Cell Processor
Williams, Samuel W.; Shalf, John; Oliker, Leonid; Husbands,Parry; Yelick, Katherine
2005-05-01
The slowing pace of commodity microprocessor performance improvements combined with ever-increasing chip power demands has become of utmost concern to computational scientists. Therefore, the high performance computing community is examining alternative architectures that address the limitations of modern superscalar designs. In this work, we examine STI's forthcoming Cell processor: a novel, low-power architecture that combines a PowerPC core with eight independent SIMD processing units coupled with a software-controlled memory to offer high FLOP/s/Watt. Since neither Cell hardware nor cycle-accurate simulators are currently publicly available, we develop an analytic framework to predict Cell performance on dense and sparse matrix operations, using a variety of algorithmic approaches. Results demonstrate Cell's potential to deliver more than an order of magnitude better GFLOP/s per watt performance, when compared with the Intel Itanium2 and Cray X1 processors.
Matrix operator theory of radiative transfer. I - Rayleigh scattering.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Plass, G. N.; Kattawar, G. W.; Catchings, F. E.
1973-01-01
An entirely rigorous method for the solution of the equations for radiative transfer based on the matrix operator theory is reviewed. The advantages of the present method are: (1) all orders of the reflection and transmission matrices are calculated at once; (2) layers of any thickness may be combined, so that a realistic model of the atmosphere can be developed from any arbitrary number of layers, each with different properties and thicknesses; (3) calculations can readily be made for large optical depths and with highly anisotropic phase functions; (4) results are obtained for any desired value of the surface albedo including the value unity and for a large number of polar and azimuthal angles; (5) all fundamental equations can be interpreted immediately in terms of the physical interactions appropriate to the problem; and (6) both upward and downward radiance can be calculated at interior points from relatively simple expressions.
High power matrix converter for wind power generation applications
Jun Kang; Noriyuki Takada; Eiji Yamamoto; Eiji Watanabe
2011-01-01
The matrix converter has many advantages in wind power system applications. Matrix converter is compact and highly efficient because it directly converts generated power from AC generator to AC grid without intermediate DC bus while conventional back-to-back converter systems requires many electrolytic capacitors in DC link bus which are bulky and have short life-time. Matrix converter has both motoring and
Some Applications of the Singular Decomposition of a Matrix
I. J. Good
1969-01-01
It is emphasized that the singular decomposition of a matrix has a variety of uses, especially in statistics, although it is seldom mentioned in books on either matrices or statistics. Some applications are surveyed and some new ones are given.
Nonlinear operator equations and applications to modelling
John Jones Jr.
1990-01-01
The main purpose of this paper is to treat the problem of numerical solutions of Lyapunov matrix equations and nonlinear matrix equations such as the Riccati type which occur in many areas of applications such as in control theory, robotics, mathematical modelling and computer simulation, etc. The main approach is to obtain solutions of such type equations in a more
Eichenberger, Alexandre E; Gschwind, Michael K; Gunnels, John A
2013-11-05
Mechanisms for performing matrix multiplication operations with data pre-conditioning in a high performance computing architecture are provided. A vector load operation is performed to load a first vector operand of the matrix multiplication operation to a first target vector register. A load and splat operation is performed to load an element of a second vector operand and replicating the element to each of a plurality of elements of a second target vector register. A multiply add operation is performed on elements of the first target vector register and elements of the second target vector register to generate a partial product of the matrix multiplication operation. The partial product of the matrix multiplication operation is accumulated with other partial products of the matrix multiplication operation.
Vector and Matrix Operations Programmed with UDFs in a Relational DBMS
Ordonez, Carlos
Vector and Matrix Operations Programmed with UDFs in a Relational DBMS Carlos Ordonez University and matrix operators by programming User-Defined Functions (UDFs). We carefully analyze UDF features and data mining, paying attention to DBMS, operating system and computer architecture con- straints. UDFs
Matrix-inversion method: Applications to Möbius inversion adn deconvolution
Qian Xie; Nan-Xian Chen
1995-01-01
The purpose of this paper is threefold. The first is to show the matrix inversion method as a joint basis for the inversion of two important transforms: the Möbius and Laplace transforms. It is found that the Möbius transform is related to a multiplicative operator while the Laplace transform is related to an additive operator. The second is to show
Baykara, N. A.; Guervit, Ercan; Demiralp, Metin [Marmara University, Department of Mathematics, Goeztepe, 34722, Istanbul (Turkey); Istanbul Technical University, Informatics Institute, Maslak, 34469, Istanbul (Turkey)
2012-12-10
In this work a study on finite dimensional matrix approximations to products of quantum mechanical operators is conducted. It is emphasized that the matrix representation of the product of two operators is equal to the product of the matrix representation of each of the operators when all the fluctuation terms are ignored. The calculation of the elements of the matrices corresponding to the matrix representation of various operators, based on three terms recursive relation is defined. Finally it is shown that the approximation quality depends on the choice of higher values of n, namely the dimension of Hilbert space.
Active matrix OLED for rugged HMD and viewfinder applications
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Low, Kia; Jones, Susan K.; Prache, Olivier; Fellowes, David A.
2004-09-01
We present characterization of a full-color 852x3x600-pixel, active matrix organic light emitting diode (AMOLED) color microdisplay (eMagin Corporation's SVGA+ display) for environmentally demanding applications. The results show that the AMOLED microdisplay can provide cold-start turn-on and operate at extreme temperature conditions, far in excess of non-emissive displays. Correction factors for gamma response of the AMOLED microdisplay as a function of temperature have been determined to permit consistent luminance and contrast from -40°C to over +80°C. Gamma adjustments are made by a simple temperature compensation adjustment of the reference voltages of the AMOLED. The typical room temperature full-on luminance half-life of the SVGA+ full color display organic light emitting diode (OLED) display at over 3,000 hr at a starting luminance at approx. 100 cd/m2, translates to more than 15,000 hr of continuous full-motion video usage, based on a 25% duty cycle at a typical 50-60 cd/m2 commercial luminance level, or over 60,000 hr half-life in monochrome white usage, or over 100,000 hr luminance half-life in monochrome yellow usage at similar operating conditions. Half life at typical night vision luminance levels would be much longer.
Efficient O(N) recursive computation of the operational space inertial matrix
Lilly, K.W. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering] [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering; Orin, D.E. [Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering] [Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering
1993-09-01
The operational space inertia matrix {Lambda} reflects the dynamic properties of a robot manipulator to its tip. In the control domain, it may be used to decouple force and/or motion control about the manipulator workspace axes. The matrix {Lambda} also plays an important role in the development of efficient algorithms for the dynamic simulation of closed-chain robotic mechanisms, including simple closed-chain mechanisms such as multiple manipulator systems and walking machines. The traditional approach used to compute {Lambda} has a computational complexity of O(N{sup 3}) for an N degree-of-freedom manipulator. This paper presents the development of a recursive algorithm for computing the operational space inertia matrix (OSIM) that reduces the computational complexity to O(N). This algorithm, the inertia propagation method, is based on a single recursion that begins at the base of the manipulator and progresses out to the last link. Also applicable to redundant systems and mechanisms with multiple-degree-of-freedom joints, the inertia propagation method is the most efficient method known for computing {Lambda} for N {>=} 6. The numerical accuracy of the algorithm is discussed for a PUMA 560 robot with a fixed base.
Applications of the operational method
Silver, G.L.
1990-11-14
New equations for continuous, operational interpolation on four plates in rectangular array are derived. The equations can be applied to the interpretation of experimental data. Other topics include convergence of operational formulas and extrapolation by operational methods. 11 refs.
The algebra of harmonic functions for a matrix-valued transfer operator
Dorin Ervin Dutkay; Kjetil Røysland
2007-01-01
We analyze matrix-valued transfer operators. We prove that the fixed points of transfer operators form a finite-dimensional C?-algebra. For matrix weights satisfying a low-pass condition we identify the minimal projections in this algebra as correlations of scaling functions, i.e., limits of cascade algorithms.
Vector and matrix operations programmed with UDFs in a relational DBMS
Carlos Ordonez; Javier García-garcía
2006-01-01
In general, a relational DBMS provides limited capabilities to perform multidimensional statistical analysis, which requires manipulating vectors and matrices. In this work, we study how to extend a DBMS with basic vector and matrix operators by programming User-Defined Functions (UDFs). We carefully analyze UDF features and limitations to implement vector and matrix operations commonly used in statistics, machine learning and
Closed forms for the matrix elements of the quadrupole collective operators
A. A. Raduta; V. Ceausescu; A. Gheorghe
1978-01-01
Compact analytical expressions for the matrix elements for the spherical phonon operators and the elementary anharmonicities in a basis of explicit eigenfunctions of the harmonic quadrupole collective Hamiltonian are established. An algorithm for the calculation of the matrix elements of any many-phonon quadrupole operator is also presented.
The stochastic operator approach to random matrix theory
Sutton, Brian D. (Brian David)
2005-01-01
Classical random matrix models are formed from dense matrices with Gaussian entries. Their eigenvalues have features that have been observed in combinatorics, statistical mechanics, quantum mechanics, and even the zeros ...
Polymer, metal and ceramic matrix composites for advanced aircraft engine applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Mcdanels, D. L.; Serafini, T. T.; Dicarlo, J. A.
1985-01-01
Advanced aircraft engine research within NASA Lewis is being focused on propulsion systems for subsonic, supersonic, and hypersonic aircraft. Each of these flight regimes requires different types of engines, but all require advanced materials to meet their goals of performance, thrust-to-weight ratio, and fuel efficiency. The high strength/weight and stiffness/weight properties of resin, metal, and ceramic matrix composites will play an increasingly key role in meeting these performance requirements. At NASA Lewis, research is ongoing to apply graphite/polyimide composites to engine components and to develop polymer matrices with higher operating temperature capabilities. Metal matrix composites, using magnesium, aluminum, titanium, and superalloy matrices, are being developed for application to static and rotating engine components, as well as for space applications, over a broad temperature range. Ceramic matrix composites are also being examined to increase the toughness and reliability of ceramics for application to high-temperature engine structures and components.
VML 3.0 Reactive Sequencing Objects and Matrix Math Operations for Attitude Profiling
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Grasso, Christopher A.; Riedel, Joseph E.
2012-01-01
VML (Virtual Machine Language) has been used as the sequencing flight software on over a dozen JPL deep-space missions, most recently flying on GRAIL and JUNO. In conjunction with the NASA SBIR entitled "Reactive Rendezvous and Docking Sequencer", VML version 3.0 has been enhanced to include object-oriented element organization, built-in queuing operations, and sophisticated matrix / vector operations. These improvements allow VML scripts to easily perform much of the work that formerly would have required a great deal of expensive flight software development to realize. Autonomous turning and tracking makes considerable use of new VML features. Profiles generated by flight software are managed using object-oriented VML data constructs executed in discrete time by the VML flight software. VML vector and matrix operations provide the ability to calculate and supply quaternions to the attitude controller flight software which produces torque requests. Using VML-based attitude planning components eliminates flight software development effort, and reduces corresponding costs. In addition, the direct management of the quaternions allows turning and tracking to be tied in with sophisticated high-level VML state machines. These state machines provide autonomous management of spacecraft operations during critical tasks like a hypothetic Mars sample return rendezvous and docking. State machines created for autonomous science observations can also use this sort of attitude planning system, allowing heightened autonomy levels to reduce operations costs. VML state machines cannot be considered merely sequences - they are reactive logic constructs capable of autonomous decision making within a well-defined domain. The state machine approach enabled by VML 3.0 is progressing toward flight capability with a wide array of applicable mission activities.
StratiGraph Tool: Matrix Stratifications in Control Applications
Johansson, Stefan
StratiGraph Tool: Matrix Stratifications in Control Applications Bo KÂ°agstrÂ¨om , Stefan Johansson and visualizing closure hierarchy graphs associated with different orbit and bundle stratifications is presented structures, orbit, bundle, closure hierarchy, cover relations, StratiGraph. 1 Introduction Dynamical systems
Matrix Models and Marginal Operators in the Planar Limit
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Cicuta, Giovanni M.; Montaldi, Emilio
The role of monomials which are power of traces of matrices in matrix models with polynomial interaction potential is examined. Because of well-known factorization properties, the density of eigenvalues is trivially obtained in the planar limit by the saddle point method. Different susceptibilities have positive or negative critical coefficients.
Matrix Elements and Operator Equivalents Connected with the Magnetic Properties of Rare Earth Ions
K W H Stevens; K. W. H
1952-01-01
An account is given of the methods used to determine the matrix elements of crystal field potentials with particular reference to rare earth ions. Emphasis is laid on the importance of Wigner coefficients in such problems and the idea of using equivalent angular momentum operators is developed. For convenience in applying the results tables of matrix elements are included.
Eichenberger, Alexandre E; Gschwind, Michael K; Gunnels, John A
2014-02-11
Mechanisms for performing a complex matrix multiplication operation are provided. A vector load operation is performed to load a first vector operand of the complex matrix multiplication operation to a first target vector register. The first vector operand comprises a real and imaginary part of a first complex vector value. A complex load and splat operation is performed to load a second complex vector value of a second vector operand and replicate the second complex vector value within a second target vector register. The second complex vector value has a real and imaginary part. A cross multiply add operation is performed on elements of the first target vector register and elements of the second target vector register to generate a partial product of the complex matrix multiplication operation. The partial product is accumulated with other partial products and a resulting accumulated partial product is stored in a result vector register.
M. Harmer
2007-03-01
Using a parameterisation of general self-adjoint boundary conditions in terms of Lagrange planes we propose a scheme for factorising the matrix Schroedinger operator and hence construct a Darboux transformation an interesting feature of which is that the matrix potential and boundary conditions are altered under the transformation. We present a solution of the inverse problem in the case of general boundary conditions using a Marchenko equation and discusss the specialisation to the case of graph with trivial compact part, ie. diagonal matrix potential.
Wei, Jianing; Bouman, Charles A; Allebach, Jan P
2014-05-01
Many imaging applications require the implementation of space-varying convolution for accurate restoration and reconstruction of images. Here, we use the term space-varying convolution to refer to linear operators whose impulse response has slow spatial variation. In addition, these space-varying convolution operators are often dense, so direct implementation of the convolution operator is typically computationally impractical. One such example is the problem of stray light reduction in digital cameras, which requires the implementation of a dense space-varying deconvolution operator. However, other inverse problems, such as iterative tomographic reconstruction, can also depend on the implementation of dense space-varying convolution. While space-invariant convolution can be efficiently implemented with the fast Fourier transform, this approach does not work for space-varying operators. So direct convolution is often the only option for implementing space-varying convolution. In this paper, we develop a general approach to the efficient implementation of space-varying convolution, and demonstrate its use in the application of stray light reduction. Our approach, which we call matrix source coding, is based on lossy source coding of the dense space-varying convolution matrix. Importantly, by coding the transformation matrix, we not only reduce the memory required to store it; we also dramatically reduce the computation required to implement matrix-vector products. Our algorithm is able to reduce computation by approximately factoring the dense space-varying convolution operator into a product of sparse transforms. Experimental results show that our method can dramatically reduce the computation required for stray light reduction while maintaining high accuracy. PMID:24710398
Monodromy Matrix for Linear Difference Operators with Almost Constant Coefficients
A. Trgo
1995-01-01
A new method for solving the discrete scattering problem for a linear single-valued difference operator of arbitrary order with almost constant coefficients is proposed. The treatment is concerned with the asymptotic behavior of its eigenfunctions as |t| ? ?. The purpose of the paper is to investigate the transition between the asymptotically free states of the underlying system, defined in
Factorization theorem for the transfer function of a 2x2 operator matrix with unbounded couplings
V. Hardt; R. Mennicken; A. K. Motovilov
1999-12-29
We consider the analytic continuation of the transfer function associated with a 2x2 operator matrix having unbounded couplings into unphysical sheets of its Riemann surface. We construct a family of non-selfadjoint operators which factorize the transfer function and reproduce certain parts of its spectrum including the nonreal (resonance) spectrum situated in the unphysical sheets neighboring the physical sheet.
Thermosetting Polymer-Matrix Composites for Strucutral Repair Applications
William Kirby Goertzen
2007-12-01
Several classes of thermosetting polymer matrix composites were evaluated for use in structural repair applications. Initial work involved the characterization and evaluation of woven carbon fiber/epoxy matrix composites for structural pipeline repair. Cyanate ester resins were evaluated as a replacement for epoxy in composites for high-temperature pipe repair applications, and as the basis for adhesives for resin infusion repair of high-temperature composite materials. Carbon fiber/cyanate ester matrix composites and fumed silica/cyanate ester nanocomposites were evaluated for their thermal, mechanical, viscoelastic, and rheological properties as they relate to their structure, chemistry, and processing characteristics. The bisphenol E cyanate ester under investigation possesses a high glass transition temperature, excellent mechanical properties, and unique ambient temperature processability. The incorporate of fumed silica served to enhance the mechanical and rheological properties of the polymer and reduce thermal expansion without sacrificing glass transition or drastically altering curing kinetics. Characterization of the composites included dynamic mechanical analysis, thermomechanical analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, rheological and rheokinetic evaluation, and transmission electron microscopy.
WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM OPERATION: APPLICATION OF
Mays, Larry W.
CHAPTER 5 WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM OPERATION: APPLICATION OF SIMULATED ANNEALING Fred E. Goldman Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 5.1 INTRODUCTION The operation of water distribution systems affects the water quality in these systems. EPA regulations require that water quality be maintained
Implementation Challenges for Ceramic Matrix Composites in High Temperature Applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Singh, Mrityunjay
2004-01-01
Ceramic matrix composites are leading candidate materials for a number of applications in aeronautics, space, energy, electronics, nuclear, and transportation industries. In the aeronautics and space exploration systems, these materials are being considered for applications in hot sections of jet engines such as the combustor liner, nozzle components, nose cones, leading edges of reentry vehicles and space propulsion components. Applications in the energy and environmental industries include radiant heater tubes, heat exchangers, heat recuperators, gas and diesel particulate filters (DPFs), and components for land based turbines for power generation. These materials are also being considered for use in the first wall and blanket components of fusion reactors. There are a number of critical issues and challenges related to successful implementation of composite materials. Fabrication of net and complex shape components with high density and tailorable matrix properties is quite expensive, and even then various desirable properties are not achievable. In this presentation, microstructure and thermomechanical properties of composites fabricated by two techniques (chemical vapor infiltration and melt infiltration), will be presented. In addition, critical need for robust joining and assembly technologies in successful implementation of these systems will be discussed. Other implementation issues will be discussed along with advantages and benefits of using these materials for various components in high temperature applications.
Advanced Ceramic Matrix Composites (CMCs) for High Temperature Applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Singh, M.
2005-01-01
Advanced ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) are enabling materials for a number of demanding applications in aerospace, energy, and nuclear industries. In the aerospace systems, these materials are being considered for applications in hot sections of jet engines such as the combustor liner, vanes, nozzle components, nose cones, leading edges of reentry vehicles, and space propulsion components. Applications in the energy and environmental industries include radiant heater tubes, heat exchangers, heat recuperators, gas and diesel particulate filters, and components for land based turbines for power generation. These materials are also being considered for use in the first wall and blanket components of fusion reactors. In the last few years, a number of CMC components have been developed and successfully tested for various aerospace and ground based applications. However, a number of challenges still remain slowing the wide scale implementation of these materials. They include robust fabrication and manufacturing, assembly and integration, coatings, property modeling and life prediction, design codes and databases, repair and refurbishment, and cost. Fabrication of net and complex shape components with high density and tailorable matrix properties is quite expensive, and even then various desirable properties are not achievable. In this presentation, a number of examples of successful CMC component development and testing will be provided. In addition, critical need for robust manufacturing, joining and assembly technologies in successful implementation of these systems will be discussed.
Advanced mutation operators applicable in C# programs
Anna Derezinska
2006-01-01
This paper is devoted to advanced mutation operators for C# source code. They deal with object-oriented (OO mutations) and\\u000a other complex features of the code. They require structural information about a code, unlike the standard mutations. Applicability\\u000a of OO operators in C# is compared with those for other OO languages. Operators for specific features of C# language are also\\u000a proposed.
Dry borax applicator operator's manual.
Karsky, Richard, J.
1999-01-01
Annosum root rot affects conifers throughout the Northern Hemisphere, infecting their roots and eventually killing the trees. The fungus Heterobasidion annosum causes annosum root rot. The fungus colonizes readily on freshly cut stumps. Partially cut stands have a high risk of infestation because the fungus can colonize on each of the stumps and potentially infect the neighboring trees. Wind and rain carry the annosum spores. Spores that land on freshly cut stumps grow down the stump's root system where they can infect living trees through root grafts or root contacts. Once annosum becomes established, it can remain active for many years in the Southern United States and for several decades in the north. About 7% of the trees that become infected die. When thinning, stumps can be treated successfully using a competing fungus, Phlebia gigantea, and with ''Tim-Bor'' in liquid formulations. These liquid products are no longer approved in the United States. Only the dry powder form is registered and approved by the EPA. Stumps can be treated with a dry formula of borax, (Sporax), significantly reducing one of the primary routes by which Heterobasidion annosum infects a stand of trees. Sporax is used by the USDA Forest Service to control annosum root rot. Sporax is now applied by hand, but once the felled trees are skidded it becomes very hard to locate the stumps. A stump applicator will reduce error, labor costs, and hazards to workers.
Multigrid with Matrix-dependent Transfer Operators for Convection-diffusion Problems
Arnold Reusken
1993-01-01
\\u000a At several places (e.g. [1,6,8,9,13,14]) it is claimed that one should use matrix-dependent prolongations and restrictions when solving interface problems or convection-diffusion\\u000a problems using multigrid. Recently, in [10], a theoretical analysis has been presented which yields a further justification of this claim. In [10] it is proved that for 1D convection-diffusion problems the use of suitable matrix-dependent transfer operators results
The Golden-Thompson inequality: Historical aspects and random matrix applications
Forrester, Peter J., E-mail: p.forrester@ms.unimelb.edu.au; Thompson, Colin J. [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia)] [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia)
2014-02-15
The Golden-Thompson inequality, Tr?(e{sup A+B}) ? Tr?(e{sup A}e{sup B}) for A, B Hermitian matrices, appeared in independent works by Golden and Thompson published in 1965. Both of these were motivated by considerations in statistical mechanics. In recent years the Golden-Thompson inequality has found applications to random matrix theory. In this article, we detail some historical aspects relating to Thompson's work, giving in particular a hitherto unpublished proof due to Dyson, and correspondence with Pólya. We show too how the 2 × 2 case relates to hyperbolic geometry, and how the original inequality holds true with the trace operation replaced by any unitarily invariant norm. In relation to the random matrix applications, we review its use in the derivation of concentration type lemmas for sums of random matrices due to Ahlswede-Winter, and Oliveira, generalizing various classical results.
The Golden-Thompson inequality --- historical aspects and random matrix applications
Peter J. Forrester; Colin J. Thompson
2014-08-09
The Golden-Thompson inequality, ${\\rm Tr} \\, (e^{A + B}) \\le {\\rm Tr} \\, (e^A e^B)$ for $A,B$ Hermitian matrices, appeared in independent works by Golden and Thompson published in 1965. Both of these were motivated by considerations in statistical mechanics. In recent years the Golden-Thompson inequality has found applications to random matrix theory. In this survey article we detail some historical aspects relating to Thompson's work, giving in particular an hitherto unpublished proof due to Dyson, and correspondence with P\\'olya. We show too how the $2 \\times 2$ case relates to hyperbolic geometry, and how the original inequality holds true with the trace operation replaced by any unitarily invariant norm. In relation to the random matrix applications, we review its use in the derivation of concentration type lemmas for sums of random matrices due to Ahlswede-Winter, and Oliveira, generalizing various classical results.
The Golden-Thompson inequality: Historical aspects and random matrix applications
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Forrester, Peter J.; Thompson, Colin J.
2014-02-01
The Golden-Thompson inequality, Tr (eA+B) ? Tr (eAeB) for A, B Hermitian matrices, appeared in independent works by Golden and Thompson published in 1965. Both of these were motivated by considerations in statistical mechanics. In recent years the Golden-Thompson inequality has found applications to random matrix theory. In this article, we detail some historical aspects relating to Thompson's work, giving in particular a hitherto unpublished proof due to Dyson, and correspondence with Pólya. We show too how the 2 × 2 case relates to hyperbolic geometry, and how the original inequality holds true with the trace operation replaced by any unitarily invariant norm. In relation to the random matrix applications, we review its use in the derivation of concentration type lemmas for sums of random matrices due to Ahlswede-Winter, and Oliveira, generalizing various classical results.
The exploitation of metal matrix composites in commercial applications
Skibo, M.D. [MC-21, Inc., San Diego, CA (United States); Lo, S.H.J. [CANMET, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada)
1995-10-01
Recent developments in the large scale fabrication of particle reinforced metal matrix composites have made these materials readily available in the form of unprocessed foundry ingot and extrusion billet. The benefits of scale have also reduced composite manufacturing costs to where these types of MMCs can be considered as cost-effective engineering materials. In spite of the significant performance advantages which could be realized by the use of these products, there are few real commercial applications for metal matrix composites. The reluctance of end users to develop uses for MMCs is based on several important factors including the lack of a comprehensive applications` data base for the design and processing of MMCs into end products, the excessive cost of prototype development and finally the lack of know-how for the low-cost production of finished components from MMCs. In this paper the successful exploitation of MMCs in several structural applications will be presented. The importance of the identification of those components whose performance could be significantly enhanced through the use of MMCs and which can tolerate the initial higher costs of these products will be discussed. The selection and development of cost-effective secondary processing techniques and specialized technology consistent with low cost production of composite components will also be presented.
Erosion Resistant Coatings for Polymer Matrix Composites in Propulsion Applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Sutter, James K.; Naik, Subhash K.; Horan, Richard; Miyoshi, Kazuhisa; Bowman, Cheryl; Ma, Kong; Leissler, George; Sinatra, Raymond; Cupp, Randall
2003-01-01
Polymer Matrix Composites (PMCs) offer lightweight and frequently low cost alternatives to other materials in many applications. High temperature PMCs are currently used in limited propulsion applications replacing metals. Yet in most cases, PMC propulsion applications are not in the direct engine flow path since particulate erosion degrades PMC component performance and therefore restricts their use in gas turbine engines. This paper compares two erosion resistant coatings (SANRES and SANPRES) on PMCs that are useful for both low and high temperature propulsion applications. Collaborating over a multi-year period, researchers at NASA Glenn Research Center, Allison Advanced Developed Company, and Rolls-Royce Corporation have optimized these coatings in terms of adhesion, surface roughness, and erosion resistance. Results are described for vigorous hot gas/particulate erosion rig and engine testing of uncoated and coated PMC fan bypass vanes from the AE 3007 regional jet gas turbine engine. Moreover, the structural durability of these coatings is described in long-term high cycle fatigue tests. Overall, both coatings performed well in all tests and will be considered for applications in both commercial and defense propulsion applications.
Dimers on two- and three-dimensional lattices: Shift operator matrix solution
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Phares, Alain J.; Wunderlich, Francis J.
1988-07-01
We use the shift operator matrix (SOM) method developed by McQuistan and Hock to obtain the dimer occupational degeneracies for a three-dimensional L× M× N lattice. The solution is given in terms of the shift operator, R, which reduces size N of the lattice by one unit, and the annihilation operators, U, V and W, of dimers parallel to the L-, M-, and N-axes, respectivel y. We show that the factorization observed by McQuistan and Hock for monomers distributed on the planar lattice is possible for dimers, and the degeneracy is obtained as a solution of an eigenvalue problem. In particular, it is interesting to note that, as in the monomer case, R-1 plays the role of an eigenvalue operator of a matrix which is the Hadamard product of two matrices, one depending on W, and the other on U and V. The matrix depending on W it itself the Kronecker product of order LM of a 2×2 matrix. The matrix depending on U and V has an interesting fractal-like structure, which may be used to reduce the complexity of the problem. Our previous work done with dimers having orientational dependent activities on planar lattices, 1× M× N, was possible by considering only one lattice size at a time, M=2,3,4 or 5. The major advantage of the SOM method is to provide a general expression valid for any M and L.
47 CFR 1.83 - Applications for radio operator licenses.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-10-01
...2012-10-01 false Applications for radio operator licenses. 1.83 Section...Proceedings § 1.83 Applications for radio operator licenses. (a) Application filing procedures for amateur radio operator licenses are set forth in...
47 CFR 1.83 - Applications for radio operator licenses.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-10-01
...2010-10-01 false Applications for radio operator licenses. 1.83 Section...Proceedings § 1.83 Applications for radio operator licenses. (a) Application filing procedures for amateur radio operator licenses are set forth in...
47 CFR 1.83 - Applications for radio operator licenses.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-10-01
...2014-10-01 false Applications for radio operator licenses. 1.83 Section...Proceedings § 1.83 Applications for radio operator licenses. (a) Application filing procedures for amateur radio operator licenses are set forth in...
47 CFR 1.83 - Applications for radio operator licenses.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-10-01
...2011-10-01 false Applications for radio operator licenses. 1.83 Section...Proceedings § 1.83 Applications for radio operator licenses. (a) Application filing procedures for amateur radio operator licenses are set forth in...
47 CFR 1.83 - Applications for radio operator licenses.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-10-01
...2013-10-01 false Applications for radio operator licenses. 1.83 Section...Proceedings § 1.83 Applications for radio operator licenses. (a) Application filing procedures for amateur radio operator licenses are set forth in...
Theorems on symmetries and flux conservation in radiative transfer using the matrix operator theory.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Kattawar, G. W.
1973-01-01
The matrix operator approach to radiative transfer is shown to be a very powerful technique in establishing symmetry relations for multiple scattering in inhomogeneous atmospheres. Symmetries are derived for the reflection and transmission operators using only the symmetry of the phase function. These results will mean large savings in computer time and storage for performing calculations for realistic planetary atmospheres using this method. The results have also been extended to establish a condition on the reflection matrix of a boundary in order to preserve reciprocity. Finally energy conservation is rigorously proven for conservative scattering in inhomogeneous atmospheres.
FACTORIZATION THEOREM FOR THE TRANSFER FUNCTION OF A 2 \\Theta 2 OPERATOR MATRIX WITH UNBOUNDED Riemann surface. We construct a family of nonÂselfadjoint operators which factorize the transfer function) the transfer function associated with the operator matrix H. It is obvious that this function, considered
BABIGA BIRREGAH; PROSPER K. DOH; KONDO H. ADJALLAH
2006-01-01
This work is devoted to a systematic investigation of triangular matrix forms of the Pascal Triangle. To start, the twelve matrix forms (collectively referred to as G-matrices) are presented. To highlight one way in which the G-matrices relate to each other, a set of four operators named circulant operators is introduced. These operators provide a new insight into the structure
Cody R. Brown
SMOLDD is a Sparse Matrix Operation Library implemented with MPI. The module is programmed in Python and uses mpi4py as its message passing backbone. SMOLDD will be useful for problems where large sparse matrices need to be efficiently distributed over a distributed memory cluster. This module will be optimized for use with curvelet values which tended to have specific sparse
The most general L operator for the R -matrix of the XXX model
A. G. Izergin; V. E. Korepin
1984-01-01
The problem of describing all the monodromy matrices for R matrices of the XXX and XXZ models is discussed. It is shown that the L operator of the lattice nonlinear Schrödinger model generates all possible monodromy matrices for the XXX R matrix.
Modular Matrix Cipher and Its Application in Authentication Protocol
Bao Ngoc Tran; Thuc Dinh Nguyen
2008-01-01
Matrix cryptosystems, like Hill cipher, are resistant to frequency analysis. The key is a non-singular k times k matrix, for example 3 times 3 matrix K. In this paper, we propose simple criteria to generate a modular non-singular key-matrix for matrix ciphers fast. We apply these results to cryptography and computer security. In this paper, we present a mutualauthentication protocol
Symmetric nonnegative matrix factorization: algorithms and applications to probabilistic clustering.
He, Zhaoshui; Xie, Shengli; Zdunek, Rafal; Zhou, Guoxu; Cichocki, Andrzej
2011-12-01
Nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) is an unsupervised learning method useful in various applications including image processing and semantic analysis of documents. This paper focuses on symmetric NMF (SNMF), which is a special case of NMF decomposition. Three parallel multiplicative update algorithms using level 3 basic linear algebra subprograms directly are developed for this problem. First, by minimizing the Euclidean distance, a multiplicative update algorithm is proposed, and its convergence under mild conditions is proved. Based on it, we further propose another two fast parallel methods: ?-SNMF and ? -SNMF algorithms. All of them are easy to implement. These algorithms are applied to probabilistic clustering. We demonstrate their effectiveness for facial image clustering, document categorization, and pattern clustering in gene expression. PMID:22042156
Nondestructive Damage Evaluation in Ceramic Matrix Composites for Aerospace Applications
Dassios, Konstantinos G.; Kordatos, Evangelos Z.; Aggelis, Dimitrios G.; Matikas, Theodore E.
2013-01-01
Infrared thermography (IRT) and acoustic emission (AE) are the two major nondestructive methodologies for evaluating damage in ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) for aerospace applications. The two techniques are applied herein to assess and monitor damage formation and evolution in a SiC-fiber reinforced CMC loaded under cyclic and fatigue loading. The paper explains how IRT and AE can be used for the assessment of the material's performance under fatigue. IRT and AE parameters are specifically used for the characterization of the complex damage mechanisms that occur during CMC fracture, and they enable the identification of the micromechanical processes that control material failure, mainly crack formation and propagation. Additionally, these nondestructive parameters help in early prediction of the residual life of the material and in establishing the fatigue limit of materials rapidly and accurately. PMID:23935428
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Trimpin, Sarah; Inutan, Ellen D.
2013-05-01
An astonishingly simple new method to produce gas-phase ions of small molecules as well as proteins from the solid state under cold vacuum conditions is described. This matrix assisted ionization vacuum (MAIV) mass spectrometry (MS) method produces multiply charged ions similar to those that typify electrospray ionization (ESI) and uses sample preparation methods that are nearly identical to matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI). Unlike these established methods, MAIV does not require a laser or voltage for ionization, and unlike the recently introduced matrix assisted ionization inlet method, does not require added heat. MAIV-MS requires only introduction of a crystalline mixture of the analyte incorporated with a suitable small molecule matrix compound such as 3-nitrobenzonitrile directly to the vacuum of the mass spectrometer. Vacuum intermediate pressure MALDI sources and modified ESI sources successfully produce ions for analysis by MS with this method. As in ESI-MS, ion formation is continuous and, without a laser, little chemical background is observed. MAIV, operating from a surface offers the possibility of significantly improved sensitivity relative to atmospheric pressure ionization because ions are produced in the vacuum region of the mass spectrometer eliminating losses associated with ion transfer from atmospheric pressure to vacuum. Mechanistic aspects and potential applications for this new ionization method are discussed.
Hanford Site air operating permit application
NONE
1995-05-01
The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, which amended the Federal Clean Air Act of 1977, required that the US Environmental Protection Agency develop a national Air Operating Permit Program, which in turn would require each state to develop an Air Operating Permit Program to identify all sources of ``regulated`` pollutants. Regulated pollutants include ``criteria`` pollutants (oxides of nitrogen, sulfur oxides, total suspended particulates, carbon monoxide, particulate matter greater than 10 micron, lead) plus 189 other ``Hazardous`` Air Pollutants. The Hanford Site, owned by the US Government and operated by the US Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office, is located in southcentral Washington State and covers 560 square miles of semi-arid shrub and grasslands located just north of the confluence of the Snake and Yakima Rivers with the Columbia River. This land, with restricted public access, provides a buffer for the smaller areas historically used for the production of nuclear materials, waste storage, and waste disposal. About 6 percent of the land area has been disturbed and is actively used. The Hanford Site Air Operating Permit Application consists of more than 1,100 sources and in excess of 300 emission points. Before January 1995, the maintenance and operations contractor and the environmental restoration contractor for the US Department of Energy completed an air emission inventory on the Hanford Site. The inventory has been entered into a database so that the sources and emission points can be tracked and updated information readily can be retrieved. The Hanford Site Air Operating Permit Application contains information current as of April 19, 1995.
Theory and application of covariance matrix tapers for robust adaptive beamforming
Joseph R. Guerci
1999-01-01
We unify several seemingly disparate approaches to robust adaptive beamforming through the introduction of the concept of a “covariance matrix taper (CMT)”. This is accomplished by recognizing that an important class of adapted pattern modification techniques are realized by the application of a conformal matrix “taper” to the original sample covariance matrix. From the Schur product theorem for positive (semi)
Off-diagonal matrix elements of local operators in many-body quantum systems
Wouter Beugeling; Roderich Moessner; Masudul Haque
2015-01-29
In the time evolution of isolated quantum systems out of equilibrium, local observables generally relax to a long-time asymptotic value, governed by the expectation values (diagonal matrix elements) of the corresponding operator in the eigenstates of the system. The temporal fluctuations around this value, response to further perturbations, and the relaxation toward this asymptotic value, are all determined by the off-diagonal matrix elements. Motivated by this non-equilibrium role, we present generic statistical properties of off-diagonal matrix elements of local observables in two families of interacting many-body systems with local interactions. Since integrability (or lack thereof) is an important ingredient in the relaxation process, we analyze models that can be continuously tuned to integrability. We show that, for generic non-integrable systems, the distribution of off-diagonal matrix elements is a gaussian centered at zero. As one approaches integrability, the peak around zero becomes sharper, so that the distribution is approximately a combination of two gaussians. We characterize the proximity to integrability through the deviation of this distribution from a gaussian shape. We also determine the scaling dependence on system size of the average magnitude of off-diagonal matrix elements.
Off-diagonal matrix elements of local operators in many-body quantum systems
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Beugeling, Wouter; Moessner, Roderich; Haque, Masudul
2015-01-01
In the time evolution of isolated quantum systems out of equilibrium, local observables generally relax to a long-time asymptotic value, governed by the expectation values (diagonal matrix elements) of the corresponding operator in the eigenstates of the system. The temporal fluctuations around this value, response to further perturbations, and the relaxation toward this asymptotic value are all determined by the off-diagonal matrix elements. Motivated by this nonequilibrium role, we present generic statistical properties of off-diagonal matrix elements of local observables in two families of interacting many-body systems with local interactions. Since integrability (or lack thereof) is an important ingredient in the relaxation process, we analyze models that can be continuously tuned to integrability. We show that, for generic nonintegrable systems, the distribution of off-diagonal matrix elements is a Gaussian centered at zero. As one approaches integrability, the peak around zero becomes sharper, so the distribution is approximately a combination of two Gaussians. We characterize the proximity to integrability through the deviation of this distribution from a Gaussian shape. We also determine the scaling dependence on system size of the average magnitude of off-diagonal matrix elements.
Off-diagonal matrix elements of local operators in many-body quantum systems.
Beugeling, Wouter; Moessner, Roderich; Haque, Masudul
2015-01-01
In the time evolution of isolated quantum systems out of equilibrium, local observables generally relax to a long-time asymptotic value, governed by the expectation values (diagonal matrix elements) of the corresponding operator in the eigenstates of the system. The temporal fluctuations around this value, response to further perturbations, and the relaxation toward this asymptotic value are all determined by the off-diagonal matrix elements. Motivated by this nonequilibrium role, we present generic statistical properties of off-diagonal matrix elements of local observables in two families of interacting many-body systems with local interactions. Since integrability (or lack thereof) is an important ingredient in the relaxation process, we analyze models that can be continuously tuned to integrability. We show that, for generic nonintegrable systems, the distribution of off-diagonal matrix elements is a Gaussian centered at zero. As one approaches integrability, the peak around zero becomes sharper, so the distribution is approximately a combination of two Gaussians. We characterize the proximity to integrability through the deviation of this distribution from a Gaussian shape. We also determine the scaling dependence on system size of the average magnitude of off-diagonal matrix elements. PMID:25679607
Matrix-Product Operators and States: NP-Hardness and Undecidability
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kliesch, M.; Gross, D.; Eisert, J.
2014-10-01
Tensor network states constitute an important variational set of quantum states for numerical studies of strongly correlated systems in condensed-matter physics, as well as in mathematical physics. This is specifically true for finitely correlated states or matrix-product operators, designed to capture mixed states of one-dimensional quantum systems. It is a well-known open problem to find an efficient algorithm that decides whether a given matrix-product operator actually represents a physical state that in particular has no negative eigenvalues. We address and answer this question by showing that the problem is provably undecidable in the thermodynamic limit and that the bounded version of the problem is NP-hard (nondeterministic-polynomial-time hard) in the system size. Furthermore, we discuss numerous connections between tensor network methods and (seemingly) different concepts treated before in the literature, such as hidden Markov models and tensor trains.
Matrix-product operators and states: NP-hardness and undecidability.
Kliesch, M; Gross, D; Eisert, J
2014-10-17
Tensor network states constitute an important variational set of quantum states for numerical studies of strongly correlated systems in condensed-matter physics, as well as in mathematical physics. This is specifically true for finitely correlated states or matrix-product operators, designed to capture mixed states of one-dimensional quantum systems. It is a well-known open problem to find an efficient algorithm that decides whether a given matrix-product operator actually represents a physical state that in particular has no negative eigenvalues. We address and answer this question by showing that the problem is provably undecidable in the thermodynamic limit and that the bounded version of the problem is NP-hard (nondeterministic-polynomial-time hard) in the system size. Furthermore, we discuss numerous connections between tensor network methods and (seemingly) different concepts treated before in the literature, such as hidden Markov models and tensor trains. PMID:25361243
Solution of Lane-Emden type equations using Bernstein operational matrix of differentiation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Pandey, Rajesh K.; Kumar, Narayan
2012-04-01
The purpose of this paper is to propose an efficient numerical method for solving Lane-Emden type equations arising in astrophysics using Bernstein polynomials. First Bernstein operational matrix of differentiation is derived using Bernstein polynomials and then applied to solve the linear and nonlinear differential equations of Lane-Emden type. Some illustrative examples are given to demonstrate the efficiency and validity of the proposed algorithm.
Mijares Cervantes, Gerardo
1983-01-01
and Unsteady State Operation. (May 1983) Gerardo Mijares C. , B. S. , I. T. E. S. M, Mexico Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Charles D. Holland The formulas for evaluating the elements of the relative gain matrix for nonlinear systems at steady state... DISCUSSION OF RESULTS. Recommendations for Future Work. . . . . . . . 96 NOMENCLATURE. . . . . . LITERATURE CITED 97 APPENDIX A. DEVELOPMENT OF THE JACOBIAN METHOD. . . . 102 APPENDIX B. SOLUTION OF THE EQUATIONS FOR HOMOGENEOUS FUNCTIONS FOR THE )'s...
Fuzzy geometry via the spinor bundle, with applications to holographic space-time and matrix theory
Banks, Tom [NHETC and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854-8019 (United States); SCIPP and Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, California 95064-1077 (United States); Kehayias, John [SCIPP and Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, California 95064-1077 (United States)
2011-10-15
We present a new framework for defining fuzzy approximations to geometry in terms of a cutoff on the spectrum of the Dirac operator, and a generalization of it that we call the Dirac-flux operator. This framework does not require a symplectic form on the manifold, and is completely rotation invariant on an arbitrary n-sphere. The framework is motivated by the formalism of holographic space-time, whose fundamental variables are sections of the spinor bundle over a compact Euclidean manifold. The strong holographic principle requires the space of these sections to be finite dimensional. We discuss applications of fuzzy spinor geometry to holographic space-time and to matrix theory.
Fission matrix capability for MCNP, Part II - Applications
Carney, S. E. [University of Michigan, NERS Department, 2355 Bonisteel Boulevard, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Brown, F. B. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Monte Carlo Codes Group, MS A143, PO Box 1663, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Kiedrowski, B. C. [University of Michigan, NERS Department, 2355 Bonisteel Boulevard, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Martin, W. R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Monte Carlo Codes Group, MS A143, PO Box 1663, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)
2013-07-01
This paper describes the initial experience and results from implementing a fission matrix capability into the MCNP Monte Carlo code. The fission matrix is obtained at essentially no cost during the normal simulation for criticality calculations. It can be used to provide estimates of the fundamental mode power distribution, the reactor dominance ratio, the eigenvalue spectrum, and higher mode spatial eigenfunctions. It can also be used to accelerate the convergence of the power method iterations. Past difficulties and limitations of the fission matrix approach are overcome with a new sparse representation of the matrix, permitting much larger and more accurate fission matrix representations. Numerous examples are presented. A companion paper (Part I - Theory) describes the theoretical basis for the fission matrix method. (authors)
Menéndez, Javier [Institut für Kernphysik, Technische Universität Darmstadt, 64289 Darmstadt, Germany and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany)
2013-12-30
We explore the theoretical uncertainties related to the transition operator of neutrinoless double-beta (0???) decay. The transition operator used in standard calculations is a product of one-body currents, that can be obtained phenomenologically as in Tomoda [1] or Šimkovic et al. [2]. However, corrections to the operator are hard to obtain in the phenomenological approach. Instead, we calculate the 0??? decay operator in the framework of chiral effective theory (EFT), which gives a systematic order-by-order expansion of the transition currents. At leading orders in chiral EFT we reproduce the standard one-body currents of Refs. [1] and [2]. Corrections appear as two-body (2b) currents predicted by chiral EFT. We compute the effects of the leading 2b currents to the nuclear matrix elements of 0??? decay for several transition candidates. The 2b current contributions are related to the quenching of Gamow-Teller transitions found in nuclear structure calculations.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gaya-Piqué, Luis R.; Stefanova, Stefka; Hawkins, Ward L.; Sweeney, Jerry J.; Melamud, Mordechai; Prah, Matjaz
2010-05-01
Application of geophysical methods to collect evidence of possible conduct of an underground nuclear explosion is an essential element of the on-site inspection (OSI) verification component of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). As with any geophysical survey, effective use of resources during an OSI is essential. The evaluation matrix approach can be applied to both assess in a comprehensive manner the suitability of OSI techniques with respect to an ensemble of different conditions based on a specific OSI scenario (Technology Evaluation Matrix, TEM) and to estimate the technical readiness status of a specific technology (Technical Readiness Status Matrix, TRSM). Applied to the work of the OSI Division of the Provisional Secretariat of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), the TRSM will support policy planning and operational projects that need to be thoroughly analyzed, providing a flexible mechanism that allows for fast and rationale decision making for resource allocation; on the other hand, the TEM will improve the functionality of an OSI by providing the inspection team a reference tool for a particular OSI scenario (e.g., yield and depth of the triggering event, geology of the inspection area, possible emplacement conditions). This assessment is important because of the limited time and number of team members provided to the inspection team for the conduct of an inspection. In this work we discuss the application of the TEM concept to the set of geophysical techniques that can be applied during an OSI for two basic underground nuclear explosion (UNE) scenarios: explosions conducted in a vertical emplacement (i.e. borehole) and explosions conducted in a horizontal emplacement (i.e. tunnel). After introducing the natural and manmade signatures usually associated with an UNE and the geophysical techniques allowed by the Treaty (with imposed constraints), examples of evaluation matrices are given for each scenario. The first matrix presented evaluates the technologies according to their relevance during an OSI using the different UNE observables as defined in the scenario. A second matrix estimates the limitations and confidence of each technique for the detection of UNE signatures. The third TEM considers the operational aspects of each technique, such as resources needed (in terms of personnel and time), simplicity of deployment, logistical factors, ruggedness, etc. Finally, the impact of this TEM concept on the search logic of an on-site inspection is discussed.
An SVD-like matrix decomposition and its applications
Xu, Hongguo
2003-07-15
A matrix S is an element of C-2m x 2m is symplectic if S J S* = J, where J= [(0)(-Im) (Im)(0)]. Symplectic matrices play an important role in the analysis and numerical solution of matrix problems involving the indefinite inner product x*(iJ...
The bladder extracellular matrix. Part II: regenerative applications
Karen J. Aitken; Darius J. Bägli
2009-01-01
Bladder regeneration is a long-sought goal that could provide alternatives to cystoplasty using non-urological tissues. Regeneration might be achieved in different ways, such as seeding matrices with stem cells or conventional cells, or repopulation of the matrix by the body's own reservoir of cells. Consideration of how the extracellular matrix directs cell behavior will be crucial to the success of
36 CFR 1194.21 - Software applications and operating systems.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-07-01
...2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true Software applications and operating systems... Technical Standards § 1194.21 Software applications and operating systems. (a) When software is designed to run on a system...
36 CFR 1194.21 - Software applications and operating systems.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-07-01
...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Software applications and operating systems... Technical Standards § 1194.21 Software applications and operating systems. (a) When software is designed to run on a system...
36 CFR 1194.21 - Software applications and operating systems.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-07-01
...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Software applications and operating systems... Technical Standards § 1194.21 Software applications and operating systems. (a) When software is designed to run on a system...
36 CFR 1194.21 - Software applications and operating systems.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-07-01
...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Software applications and operating systems... Technical Standards § 1194.21 Software applications and operating systems. (a) When software is designed to run on a system...
36 CFR 1194.21 - Software applications and operating systems.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-07-01
...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Software applications and operating systems... Technical Standards § 1194.21 Software applications and operating systems. (a) When software is designed to run on a system...
GC/matrix isolation/FTIR applications: analysis of PCBs
Schneider, J.F.; Reedy, G.T.; Ettinger, D.G.
1985-02-01
High resolution capillary gas chromatography, coupled with the superior infrared spectra produced by matrix isolation FTIR, yields a powerful analytical tool which is applied to the analysis of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). PCB congeners are identified in a commercially produced mixture (Aroclor 1221) using the matrix-isolated infrared spectra obtained by this method. The gas chromatograph/matrix isolation/Fourier transform infrared (GC/MI/FTIR) instrument utilized was developed at Argonne National Laboratory. GC/MI/FTIR is especially useful in the determination of PCBs in samples where the Aroclor pattern is not present.
Vergini, Eduardo G
2014-02-01
We present a powerful semiclassical expression to evaluate off-diagonal matrix elements of the evolution operator between quantum states constructed in the neighborhood of unstable short periodic orbits, which is valid up to the Heisenberg time. The expression is much easier to evaluate than the Van Vleck propagator and consists of a sum over the set of heteroclinic orbits, where each term of the series is computed by canonical invariants. Here we introduce relevant canonical invariants of heteroclinic orbits and with them at hand, the semiclassical expression is derived. Finally, our formula is successfully verified in the hyperbola billiard. PMID:25353408
Three-dimensional radiative transfer using a Fourier-transform matrix-operator method
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Martonchik, J. V.; Diner, D. J.
1985-01-01
The three-dimensional equation of transfer for a scattering medium with planar geometry is solved by using a spatial Fourier transform and extending matrix-operator techniques developed previously for the one-dimensional equation. Doubling and adding algorithms were derived by means of an interaction principle for computing the Fourier-transformed radiation field. The resulting expressions fully describe the radiative transfer process in a scattering medium, inhomogeneous in the x-, y- and z-directions, illuminated from above by an arbitrarily general intensity field and bounded from below by a surface with completely general reflection properties.
Polydimethyl siloxane (PDMS) and zeolite incorporated mixed matrix materials are gaining importance in a variety of applications including membrane separation. PDMS based membranes are used in pervaporation (PV), a membrane technology, for the selective removal of organics such ...
Application of the Design Structure Matrix (DSM) to the real estate development process
Bulloch, Benjamin (Benjamin Edward)
2009-01-01
This thesis presents a pioneering application of an engineering systems framework, the Design Structure Matrix (DSM), to model the real estate development (RED) process. The DSM is a process modeling tool that originated ...
Potential application of ceramic matrix composites to aero-engine components
Hisaichi Ohnabe; Shoju Masaki; Masakazu Onozuka; Kaoru Miyahara; Tadashi Sasa
1999-01-01
The present paper describes the potential application of ceramic matrix composites to aero-engine components by reviewing the related published papers and our experience in this field. It contains the material requirements for aero-engines, trends in aero-engine materials use, Japanese projects related to ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) and potential application of CMCs to aero-engines, such as combustors, nozzle flaps, bladed disks
Michael A. Pope; Hans D. Gougar; John M. Ryskamp
2013-09-01
The Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) is a high power density test reactor specializing in fuel and materials irradiation. For more than 45 years, the ATR has provided irradiations of materials and fuels testing along with radioisotope production. Originally operated primarily in support of the Offcie of Naval Reactors (NR), the mission has gradually expanded to cater to other customers, such as the DOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE), private industry, and universities. Unforeseen circumstances may lead to the decommissioning of ATR, thus leaving the U.S. Government without a large-scale materials irradiation capability to meet the needs of its nuclear energy and naval reactor missions. In anticipation of this possibility, work was performed under the Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) program to investigate test reactor concepts that could satisfy the current missions of the ATR along with an expanded set of secondary missions. This work can be viewed as an update to a project from the 1990’s called the Broad Application Test Reactor (BATR). In FY 2012, a survey of anticipated customer needs was performed, followed by analysis of the original BATR concepts with fuel changed to low-enriched uranium. Departing from these original BATR designs, four concepts were identified for further analysis in FY2013. The project informally adopted the acronym MATRIX (Multiple-Application Thermal Reactor for Irradiation eXperiments). This report discusses analysis of the four MATRIX concepts along with a number of variations on these main concepts. Designs were evaluated based on their satisfaction of anticipated customer requirements and the “Cylindrical” variant was selected for further analysis of options. This downselection should be considered preliminary and the backup alternatives should include the other three main designs. The baseline Cylindrical MATRIX design is expected to be capable of higher burnup than the ATR (or longer cycle length given a particular batch scheme). The volume of test space in IPTs is larger in MATRIX than in ATR with comparable magnitude of neutron flux. In addition to the IPTs, the Cylindrical MATRIX concept features test spaces at the centers of fuel assemblies where very high fast flux can be achieved. This magnitude of fast flux is similar to that achieved in the ATR A-positions, however, the available volume having these conditions is greater in the MATRIX design than in the ATR. From the analyses performed in this work, it appears that the Cylindrical MATRIX design can be designed to meet the anticipated needs of the ATR replacement reactor. However, this statement must be qualified by acknowledging that this design is quite immature, and therefore any requirements currently met must be re-evaluated as the design matures. Also, some of the requirements were not strictly met, but are believed to be achievable once features to be added later are designed.
Applicant Disposition Matrix 1 of 5 3/13/2014
Sura, Philip
and document); Unprofessional Demeanor; Applicant has demonstrated a lack of interest in the specific job in a Bargaining Unit candidates, contact your HR Recruiter for guidance before proceeding. REVIEW-Does Not Demonstrate Match for Job Sought R-NoDemMat Review Based on application/resume, applicant/candidate meets
Evaluating wilderness recreational opportunities: application of an impact matrix
Stohlgren, Thomas J.; Parsons, David J.
1992-01-01
An inventory of the severity and spatial distribution of wilderness campsite impacts in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks identified a total of 273 distinct nodes of campsites or “management areas.” A campsite impact matrix was developed to evaluate management areas based on total impacts (correlated to the total area of campsite development) and the density, or concentration, of impacts relative to each area's potentially campable area. The matrix is used to quantify potential recreational opportunities for wilderness visitors in a spectrum from areas offering low impact-dispersed camping to those areas offering high impact-concentrated camping. Wilderness managers can use this type of information to evaluate use distribution patterns, identify areas to increase or decrease use, and to identify areas needing site-specific regulations (e.g., one-night camping limits) to preserve wilderness resources and guarantee outstanding opportunities for solitude.
Introduction to metal matrix composites in aerospace applications
A. N. Palazotto; R. Ruh; G. Watt
1989-01-01
Metal-matrix composites (MMCs) commonly employ Ni-superalloy, Ti-, Al-, Mg-alloy, and steel matrices, in conjunction with reinforcing refractory metal wires or metal-oxide, SiC, boron, and carbon or graphite fibers. Techniques for the consolidation of these constituents into composites range from slip casting and P\\/M to diffusion bonding, plasma-spray bonding, electroforming, liquid-metal infiltration, and hot-roll bonding. Attention is given to illustrative cases
Matrix operator theory of radiative transfer. II - Scattering from maritime haze.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Kattawar, G. W.; Plass, G. N.; Catchings, F. E.
1973-01-01
Matrix operator theory is used to calculate the reflected and transmitted radiance of photons that have interacted with plane-parallel maritime haze layers. The results are presented for three solar zenith angles, three values of the surface albedo, and a range of optical thicknesses from very thin to very thick. The diffuse flux at the lower boundary and the cloud albedo are tabulated. The forward peak and other features in the single-scattered phase function cause the radiance in many cases to be very different from that for Rayleigh scattering. In particular, the variation of the radiance with both the zenith or nadir angle and the azimuthal angle is more marked and the relative limb darkening under very thick layers is greater for haze M than for Rayleigh scattering. The downward diffuse flux at the lower boundary for A = 0 is always greater and the cloud albedo is always less for haze M than for Rayleigh layers.
Peterson, Kirk A.
Matrix Representation of Wavefunctions and Operators in Quantum Chemistry The following * bk = a k b Thus integration in this basis representation will be replaced by a scalar or inner notation: b = Aa Thus the operator ^A becomes the matrix A in the basis representation with matrix elements
3-loop Massive $O(T_F^2)$ Contributions to the DIS Operator Matrix Element $A_{gg}$
J. Ablinger; J. Blümlein; A. De Freitas; A. Hasselhuhn; A. von Manteuffel; M. Round; C. Schneider
2014-09-04
Contributions to heavy flavour transition matrix elements in the variable flavour number scheme are considered at 3-loop order. In particular a calculation of the diagrams with two equal masses that contribute to the massive operator matrix element $A_{gg,Q}^{(3)}$ is performed. In the Mellin space result one finds finite nested binomial sums. In $x$-space these sums correspond to iterated integrals over an alphabet containing also square-root valued letters.
Small-energy analysis for the selfadjoint matrix Schrödinger operator on the half line. II
Aktosun, Tuncay, E-mail: aktosun@uta.edu [Department of Mathematics, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas 76019-0408 (United States)] [Department of Mathematics, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas 76019-0408 (United States); Klaus, Martin, E-mail: mklaus@math.vt.edu [Department of Mathematics, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 (United States)] [Department of Mathematics, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 (United States); Weder, Ricardo, E-mail: weder@unam.mx [Departamento de Física Matemática, Instituto de Investigaciones en Matemáticas Aplicadas y en Sistemas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apartado Postal 20-126, Col. San Angel, C.P. 01000, México D.F., México (Mexico)] [Departamento de Física Matemática, Instituto de Investigaciones en Matemáticas Aplicadas y en Sistemas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apartado Postal 20-126, Col. San Angel, C.P. 01000, México D.F., México (Mexico)
2014-03-15
The matrix Schrödinger equation with a selfadjoint matrix potential is considered on the half line with the most general selfadjoint boundary condition at the origin. When the matrix potential is integrable and has a second moment, it is shown that the corresponding scattering matrix is differentiable at zero energy. An explicit formula is provided for the derivative of the scattering matrix at zero energy. The previously established results when the potential has only the first moment are improved when the second moment exists, by presenting the small-energy asymptotics for the related Jost matrix, its inverse, and various other quantities relevant to the corresponding direct and inverse scattering problems.
Magnet operating experience review for fusion applications
Cadwallader, L.C.
1991-11-01
This report presents a review of magnet operating experiences for normal-conducting and superconducting magnets from fusion, particle accelerator, medical technology, and magnetohydrodynamics research areas. Safety relevant magnet operating experiences are presented to provide feedback on field performance of existing designs and to point out the operational safety concerns. Quantitative estimates of magnet component failure rates and accident event frequencies are also presented, based on field experience and on performance of similar components in other industries.
Boron-bearing species in ceramic matrix composites for long-term aerospace applications
R. Naslain; A. Guette; F. Rebillat; R. Pailler; F. Langlais; X. Bourrat
2004-01-01
Boron-bearing refractory species are introduced in non-oxide ceramic matrix fibrous composites (such as SiC\\/SiC composites) to improve their oxidation resistance under load at high temperatures with a view to applications in the aerospace field. B-doped pyrocarbon and hex-BN have been successfully used as interphase (instead of pure pyrocarbon) either as homogeneous or multilayered fiber coatings, to arrest and deflect matrix
Space Operations Learning Center Facebook Application
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Lui, Ben; Milner, Barbara; Binebrink, Dan; Kuok, Heng
2012-01-01
The proposed Space Operations Learning Center (SOLC) Facebook module, initially code-named Spaceville, is intended to be an educational online game utilizing the latest social networking technology to reach a broad audience base and inspire young audiences to be interested in math, science, and engineering. Spaceville will be a Facebook application/ game with the goal of combining learning with a fun game and social environment. The mission of the game is to build a scientific outpost on the Moon or Mars and expand the colony. Game activities include collecting resources, trading resources, completing simple science experiments, and building architectures such as laboratories, habitats, greenhouses, machine shops, etc. The player is awarded with points and achievement levels. The player s ability increases as his/her points and levels increase. A player can interact with other players using multiplayer Facebook functionality. As a result, a player can discover unexpected treasures through scientific missions, engineering, and working with others. The player creates his/her own avatar with his/her selection of its unique appearance, and names the character. The player controls the avatar to perform activities such as collecting oxygen molecules or building a habitat. From observations of other successful social online games such as Farmville and Restaurant City, a common element of these games is having eye-catching and cartoonish characters, and interesting animations for all activities. This will create a fun, educational, and rewarding environment. The player needs to accumulate points in order to be awarded special items needed for advancing to higher levels. Trophies will be awarded to the player when certain goals are reached or tasks are completed. In order to acquire some special items needed for advancement in the game, the player will need to visit his/her neighboring towns to discover the items. This is the social aspect of the game that requires the player to go out of his/her own establishment to explore what is in the neighborhood. Spaceville will take advantage of Facebook s successful architecture to inspire a new audience of scientists and engineers for the future.
Improved MALDI-TOF Microbial Mass Spectrometry Imaging by Application of a Dispersed Solid Matrix
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Vergeiner, Stefan; Schafferer, Lukas; Haas, Hubertus; Müller, Thomas
2014-08-01
The key step in high quality microbial matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry imaging (microbial MALDI MSI) is the fabrication of a homogeneous matrix coating showing a fine-grained morphology. This application note addresses a novel method to apply solid MALDI matrices onto microbial cultures grown on thin agar media. A suspension of a mixture of 2,5-DHB and ?-CHCA is sprayed onto the agar sample surface to form highly homogeneous matrix coatings. As a result, the signal intensities of metabolites secreted by the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus were found to be clearly enhanced.
Artificial intelligence program in a computer application supporting reactor operations
R. C. Stratton
1985-01-01
Improving nuclear reactor power plant operability is an ever-present concern for the nuclear industry. The definition of plant operability involves a complex interaction of the ideas of reliability, safety, and efficiency. This paper presents observations concerning the issues involved and the benefits derived from the implementation of a computer application which combines traditional computer applications with artificial intelligence (AI) methodologies.
Microsensors and microactuators: operation, theory and robotics applications
T. H. M. El-Fouly; E. F. El-Saadany
2003-01-01
This paper surveys the state of arts of microsensors and microactuators. The first part of this survey introduces microsensors from the points of view of their classification principles of operation performance parameters and applications in robotic mechanisms. The second part concentrates on microactuators from the points of view of their classification principles of operation and of application in robotics
Gemperline, Erin; Rawson, Stephanie; Li, Lingjun
2014-10-21
The matrix application technique is critical to the success of a matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) experiment. This work presents a systematic study aiming to evaluate three different matrix application techniques for MALDI mass spectrometric imaging (MSI) of endogenous metabolites from legume plant, Medicago truncatula, root nodules. Airbrush, automatic sprayer, and sublimation matrix application methods were optimized individually for detection of metabolites in the positive ionization mode exploiting the two most widely used MALDI matrices, 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (DHB) and ?-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamic acid (CHCA). Analytical reproducibility and analyte diffusion were examined and compared side-by-side for each method. When using DHB, the optimized method developed for the automatic matrix sprayer system resulted in approximately double the number of metabolites detected when compared to sublimation and airbrush. The automatic sprayer method also showed more reproducible results and less analyte diffusion than the airbrush method. Sublimation matrix deposition yielded high spatial resolution and reproducibility but fewer analytes in the higher m/z range (500-1000 m/z). When the samples were placed in a humidity chamber after sublimation, there was enhanced detection of higher mass metabolites but increased analyte diffusion in the lower mass range. When using CHCA, the optimized automatic sprayer method and humidified sublimation method resulted in double the number of metabolites detected compared to standard airbrush method. PMID:25331774
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Stephens, Joseph R.
1989-01-01
Light weight and potential high temperature capability of intermetallic compounds, such as the aluminides, and structural ceramics, such as the carbides and nitrides, make these materials attractive for gas turbine engine applications. In terms of specific fuel consumption and specific thrust, revolutionary improvements over current technology are being sought by realizing the potential of these materials through their use as matrices combined with high strength, high temperature fibers. The U.S. along with other countries throughout the world have major research and development programs underway to characterize these composites materials; improve their reliability; identify and develop new processing techniques, new matrix compositions, and new fiber compositions; and to predict their life and failure mechanisms under engine operating conditions. The status is summarized of NASA's Advanced High Temperature Engine Materials Technology Program (HITEMP) and the potential benefits are described to be gained in 21st century transport aircraft by utilizing intermetallic and ceramic matrix composite materials.
PCOS - An operating system for modular applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Tharp, V. P.
1986-01-01
This paper is an introduction to the PCOS operating system for the MC68000 family processors. Topics covered are: development history; development support; rational for development of PCOS and salient characteristics; architecture; and a brief comparison of PCOS to UNIX.
Reduced density matrix hybrid approach: Application to electronic energy transfer
Berkelbach, Timothy C.; Reichman, David R. [Department of Chemistry, Columbia University, 3000 Broadway, New York, New York 10027 (United States); Markland, Thomas E. [Department of Chemistry, Stanford University, 333 Campus Drive, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)
2012-02-28
Electronic energy transfer in the condensed phase, such as that occurring in photosynthetic complexes, frequently occurs in regimes where the energy scales of the system and environment are similar. This situation provides a challenge to theoretical investigation since most approaches are accurate only when a certain energetic parameter is small compared to others in the problem. Here we show that in these difficult regimes, the Ehrenfest approach provides a good starting point for a dynamical description of the energy transfer process due to its ability to accurately treat coupling to slow environmental modes. To further improve on the accuracy of the Ehrenfest approach, we use our reduced density matrix hybrid framework to treat the faster environmental modes quantum mechanically, at the level of a perturbative master equation. This combined approach is shown to provide an efficient and quantitative description of electronic energy transfer in a model dimer and the Fenna-Matthews-Olson complex and is used to investigate the effect of environmental preparation on the resulting dynamics.
Operational Applications of Satellite Snowcover Observations
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Rango, A. (editor); Peterson, R. (editor)
1980-01-01
The history of remote sensing of snow cover is reviewed and the following topics are covered: various techniques for interpreting LANDSAT and NOAA satellite data; the status of future systems for continuing snow hydrology applications; the use of snow cover observations in streamflow forecasts by Applications Systems Verification and Transfer participants and selected foreign investigators; and the benefits of using satellite snow cover data in runoff prediction.
Matrix elements of the electromagnetic operator between kaon and pion states
Baum, I. [Dip. di Fisica, Universita di Roma ''La Sapienza'', P.le A. Moro 5, I-00185 Roma (Italy); Lubicz, V. [Dip. di Fisica, Universita Roma Tre, Via della Vasca Navale 84, I-00146 Roma (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Roma Tre, Via della Vasca Navale 84, I-00146 Roma (Italy); Martinelli, G. [SISSA, Via Bonomea 265, I-34136 Trieste (Italy); Orifici, L. [Dip. di Fisica, Universita Roma Tre, Via della Vasca Navale 84, I-00146 Roma (Italy); Simula, S. [INFN, Sezione di Roma Tre, Via della Vasca Navale 84, I-00146 Roma (Italy)
2011-10-01
We compute the matrix elements of the electromagnetic operator sF{sub {mu}{nu}}{sigma}{sup {mu}{nu}}d between kaon and pion states, using lattice QCD with maximally twisted-mass fermions and two flavors of dynamical quarks (N{sub f}=2). The operator is renormalized nonperturbatively in the RI'/MOM scheme and our simulations cover pion masses as light as 270 MeV and three values of the lattice spacing from {approx_equal}0.07 up to {approx_equal}0.1 fm. At the physical point our result for the corresponding tensor form factor at zero-momentum transfer is f{sub T}{sup K{pi}}(0)=0.417(14{sub stat})(5{sub syst}), where the systematic error does not include the effect of quenching the strange and charm quarks. Our result differs significantly from the old quenched result f{sub T}{sup K{pi}}(0)=0.78(6) obtained by the SPQ{sub cd}R Collaboration with pion masses above 500 MeV. We investigate the source of this difference and conclude that it is mainly related to the chiral extrapolation. We also study the tensor charge of the pion and obtain the value f{sub T}{sup {pi}{pi}}(0)=0.195(8{sub stat})(6{sub syst}) in good agreement with, but more accurate than the result f{sub T}{sup {pi}{pi}}(0)=0.216(34) obtained by the QCDSF Collaboration using higher pion masses.
Liu, Xiaoji; Qin, Xiaolan
2015-01-01
We investigate additive properties of the generalized Drazin inverse in a Banach algebra A. We find explicit expressions for the generalized Drazin inverse of the sum a + b, under new conditions on a, b ? A. As an application we give some new representations for the generalized Drazin inverse of an operator matrix. PMID:25729767
Liu, Xiaoji; Qin, Xiaolan
2015-01-01
We investigate additive properties of the generalized Drazin inverse in a Banach algebra A. We find explicit expressions for the generalized Drazin inverse of the sum a + b, under new conditions on a, b ? A. As an application we give some new representations for the generalized Drazin inverse of an operator matrix. PMID:25729767
Operation conditions of batteries in PV applications
Andreas Jossen; Juergen Garche; Dirk Uwe Sauer
2004-01-01
For a continuous energy supply of photovoltaic operated and off-grid loads, the storage of the solar generated electrical energy is necessary. About 60% of all over the world manufactured solar cells are used for such stand alone systems. In case of photovoltaic systems, mainly electrochemical battery storage systems are used.The paper describes the requirements for batteries in solar systems. The
ASYNCHRONOUS NONLINEAR FRACTAL OPERATORS and THEIR APPLICATIONS
Vialatte, FranÃ§ois
asynchronous com- puting system as recurrent neural networks. Assuming the convergence of the synchronous 1. Having 5 and , the ane fractal operator is de#12;ned for any g 2 I as follows: F(g) : = X T25 [cT 1 RT (g) + oT 1 T ] (2) where cT is the contrast between subimages g(T) and gT ; oT is the oset
LOCSET Phase Locking: Operation, Diagnostics, and Applications
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Pulford, Benjamin N.
The aim of this dissertation is to discuss the theoretical and experimental work recently done with the Locking of Optical Coherence via Single-detector Electronic-frequency Tagging (LOCSET) phase locking technique developed and employed here are AFRL. The primary objectives of this effort are to detail the fundamental operation of the LOCSET phase locking technique, recognize the conditions in which the LOCSET control electronics optimally operate, demonstrate LOCSET phase locking with higher channel counts than ever before, and extend the LOCSET technique to correct for low order, atmospherically induced, phase aberrations introduced to the output of a tiled array of coherently combinable beams. The experimental work performed for this effort resulted in the coherent combination of 32 low power optical beams operating with unprecedented LOCSET phase error performance of lambda/71 RMS in a local loop beam combination configuration. The LOCSET phase locking technique was also successfully extended, for the first time, into an Object In the Loop (OIL) configuration by utilizing light scattered off of a remote object as the optical return signal for the LOCSET phase control electronics. Said LOCSET-OIL technique is capable of correcting for low order phase aberrations caused by atmospheric turbulence disturbances applied across a tiled array output.
Large sample properties of the matrix exponential spatial specification with an application to FDI
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
Large sample properties of the matrix exponential spatial specification with an application to FDI,1) is applied to Belgium's outward FDI data and we observe that the dominant motivation of Belgium's outward FDI, Heteroskedasticity, Delta method, FDI JEL Classification: C12, C13, C21, F14, F21 Email addresses: nicolas
the centerpiece of a vast domain of science dealing with electromagnetic, acoustic, and elastic wave scattering [8T-matrix method and its applications to electromagnetic scattering by particles: A current Hall, Auburn University, AL 36849-5341, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 25 January
Welhart
1976-01-01
This design note is based on present state of the art for epoxy and polyimide matrix composite fabrication technology. Boron\\/epoxy and polyimide and graphite\\/epoxy and polyimide structural parts can be successfully fabricated. Fabrication cycles for polyimide matrix composites have been shortened to near epoxy cycle times. Nondestructive testing has proven useful in detecting defects and anomalies in composite structure elements.
Jones, R.H. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA)); Lucas, G.E. (California Univ., Santa Barbara, CA (USA))
1990-11-01
A workshop to assess the potential application of ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) for structural applications in fusion reactors was held on May 21--22, 1990, at University of California, Santa Barbara. Participants included individuals familiar with materials and design requirements in fusion reactors, ceramic composite processing and properties and radiation effects. The primary focus was to list the feasibility issues that might limit the application of these materials in fusion reactors. Clear advantages for the use of CMCs are high-temperature operation, which would allow a high-efficiency Rankine cycle, and low activation. Limitations to their use are material costs, fabrication complexity and costs, lack of familiarity with these materials in design, and the lack of data on radiation stability at relevant temperatures and fluences. Fusion-relevant feasibility issues identified at this workshop include: hermetic and vacuum properties related to effects of matrix porosity and matrix microcracking; chemical compatibility with coolant, tritium, and breeder and multiplier materials, radiation effects on compatibility; radiation stability and integrity; and ability to join CMCs in the shop and at the reactor site, radiation stability and integrity of joints. A summary of ongoing CMC radiation programs is also given. It was suggested that a true feasibility assessment of CMCs for fusion structural applications could not be completed without evaluation of a material tailored'' to fusion conditions or at least to radiation stability. It was suggested that a follow-up workshop be held to design a tailored composite after the results of CMC radiation studies are available and the critical feasibility issues are addressed.
Chen, Yanfeng; Liu, Ying; Allegood, Jeremy; Wang, Elaine; Cachón-González, Begoña; Cox, Timothy M; Merrill, Alfred H; Sullards, M Cameron
2010-01-01
Matrix deposition is a critical step in tissue imaging by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS). It greatly affects the quality of MALDI imaging, especially for the analytes (such as lipids) that may easily dissolve in the solvent used for the matrix application. This chapter describes the use of an oscillating capillary nebulizer (OCN) to spray small droplets of matrix aerosol onto the sample surface for improved matrix homogeneity, reduced crystal size, and controlled solvent effects. This protocol allows visualization of many different lipid species and, of particular interest, sphingolipids in tissue slices of Tay-Sachs/Sandhoff disease by imaging MALDI-MS. The structures of these lipids were identified by analysis of tissue extracts using electrospray ionization in conjunction with tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS and MS(3)). These results illustrate the usefulness of tissue imaging MALDI-MS with matrix deposition by OCN for the molecular analysis in normal physiology and pathology. In addition, the observation of numerous lipid subclasses with distinct localizations in the brain slices demonstrates that imaging MALDI-MS could be effectively used for "lipidomic" studies. PMID:20680588
Deljavan, Reza; Sadeghi-Bazargani, Homayoun; Fouladi, Nasrin; Arshi, Shahnam; Mohammadi, Reza
2012-01-01
Background Little has been done to investigate the application of injury specific qualitative research methods in the field of burn injuries. The aim of this study was to use an analytical tool (Haddon’s matrix) through qualitative research methods to better understand people’s perceptions about burn injuries. Methods This study applied Haddon’s matrix as a framework and an analytical tool for a qualitative research methodology in burn research. Both child and adult burn injury victims were enrolled into a qualitative study conducted using focus group discussion. Haddon’s matrix was used to develop an interview guide and also through the analysis phase. Results The main analysis clusters were pre-event level/human (including risky behaviors, belief and cultural factors, and knowledge and education), pre-event level/object, pre-event phase/environment and event and post-event phase (including fire control, emergency scald and burn wound management, traditional remedies, medical consultation, and severity indicators). This research gave rise to results that are possibly useful both for future injury research and for designing burn injury prevention plans. Conclusion Haddon’s matrix is applicable in a qualitative research methodology both at data collection and data analysis phases. The study using Haddon’s matrix through a qualitative research methodology yielded substantially rich information regarding burn injuries that may possibly be useful for prevention or future quantitative research. PMID:22866013
N-Th Root of Hermite Matrix and its Application in Quantum Systems
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Xu, Shi-Min; Xu, Xing-Lei; Jiang, Feng; Li, Hong-Qi
2013-08-01
In this paper, the n-th root of a matrix is defined, and the explicit form of n-th root of an Hermitian matrix is given. A new method for diagonalizing quadratic Hamiltonians is proposed. Also, a class of quantum operators is induced by the linear transformation in configuration space, and its unitary properties and transformation behavior are studied. Our new method based on n-th root of matrices can develop the mathematical methods of quantum mechanics and quantum optics, and can also be applied to engineering, quantum optics and quantum fields states with squeezing properties, as well as the binomial field states.
IBM Applications and Techniques of Operations Research. A Selected Bibliography.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
International Business Machines Corp., White Plains, NY. Data Processing Div.
This bibliography on the tools and applications of operations research, management science, industrial engineering, and systems engineering lists many entries which appeared between 1961 and 1966 in 186 periodicals and trade journals. Twenty-six texts in operations research are also listed along with an indication as to which of 37 techniques or…
AIRTRANS steering system improvements for operation in an urban application
1979-01-01
The successful operation of AIRTRANS at the Dallas\\/Fort Worth Airport prompted Congress, DOT, and Vought to investigate the extension of this AGT technology into an urban environment. Higher speeds, reduced capital and operating costs, and increased reliability were recommended to deploy AIRTRANS in an urban application. This paper presents the selection of improvements to the steering system necessary for AIRTRANS
Biofiltration: Fundamentals, design and operations principles and applications
Warren J. Swanson; Raymond C. Loehr
1997-01-01
Biofiltration is a biological air pollution control technology for volatile organic compounds (VOCs). This paper summarizes the fundamentals, design and operation, and application of the process. Biofiltration has been demonstrated to be an effective technology for VOCs from many industries. Large and full-scale systems are in use in Europe and the US. With proper design and operation, VOC removal efficiencies
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Constantinescu, C.; Matei, A.; Ionita, I.; Ion, V.; Marascu, V.; Dinescu, M.; Vasiliu, C.; Emandi, A.
2014-05-01
Azo-dye compounds, in bulk or as thin films, are extensively studied due to their particular optical properties. These properties include non-linear interaction, e.g. two-photon absorption, optical limiting and all-optical poling, with potential applications in optoelectronics and sensors development. Herein, we report on the deposition of pyrazolone derivatives, namely 1-phenyl-3-methyl-4-(1?-azo-2?-sodium carboxylate)-pyrazole-5-one thin films, for applications in second harmonic generation. Matrix-assisted pulsed laser evaporation was employed for layers growth, using a Nd:YAG device operating at 266 nm (4?). The structure and surface morphology of the deposited films were examined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. Spectroscopic-ellipsometry was employed to investigate thin film optical properties. Significant second harmonic generation capabilities of the compound were pointed out by using a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser.
Ensemble Prediction System Matrix: Characteristics of Operational Ensemble Prediction Systems (EPS)
NSDL National Science Digital Library
COMET
2006-04-05
This one-stop Ensemble Model Matrix provides information on the configurations of the NCEP Short-Range Ensemble Forecast (SREF) and Medium-Range Ensemble Forecast (MREF) systems. Information on ensemble perturbation methods; NWP model resolution, dynamics, physics (precipitation, radiation, land surface and turbulence); and ensemble post-processing and verification links are provided. As the ensemble prediction systems (EPSs) are improved, the information in the Ensemble Model Matrix will be updated. Additionally, as new EPSs are added to AWIPS, we will add new columns to the Ensemble Model Matrix.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Zlokazov, Evgeny; Shaulskiy, Dmitriy; Starikov, Rostislav; Odinokov, Sergey; Zherdev, Alexander; Koluchkin, Vasiliy; Shvetsov, Ivan; Smirnov, Andrey
2013-03-01
Security holograms (SH) are perspective for document and product authenticity protection due to difficulties of such a protection mark falsification. Mass production of SH uses widespread technology of hot foil or lavsan paper stamping. The quality of holograms significantly depends on perfection of nickel master-matrix that is used in stamping equipment. We represent the method of automatic quality inspection of nickel master-matrix based on digital processing of its surface relief microphotographs. Proposed processing algorithm is based on combination of image spatial frequency analysis and image matching using distortion invariant correlation filters. The results of our method application for real SH master-matrices inspection are shown in this paper.
Artificial intelligence program in a computer application supporting reactor operations
Stratton, R.C.; Town, G.G.
1985-01-01
Improving nuclear reactor power plant operability is an ever-present concern for the nuclear industry. The definition of plant operability involves a complex interaction of the ideas of reliability, safety, and efficiency. This paper presents observations concerning the issues involved and the benefits derived from the implementation of a computer application which combines traditional computer applications with artificial intelligence (AI) methodologies. A system, the Component Configuration Control System (CCCS), is being installed to support nuclear reactor operations at the Experimental Breeder Reactor II.
Operation and Applications of the Boron Cathodic Arc Ion Source
Williams, J. M.; Freeman, J. H. [Brontek Delta Corporation, 6580 Valley Center Drive, Radford, VA 24141 (United States); Klepper, C. C. [Brontek Delta Corporation, 6580 Valley Center Drive, Radford, VA 24141 (United States); HY-Tech Research Corporation, 105 Centre Court, Radford, VA 24141 (United States); Chivers, D. J. [Ion Links Int. Ltd., 32 St. Mary's Place, Bathgate, Scotland (United Kingdom); Hazelton, R. C. [HY-Tech Research Corporation, 105 Centre Court, Radford, VA 24141 (United States)
2008-11-03
The boron cathodic arc ion source has been developed with a view to several applications, particularly the problem of shallow junction doping in semiconductors. Research has included not only development and operation of the boron cathode, but other cathode materials as well. Applications have included a large deposition directed toward development of a neutron detector and another deposition for an orthopedic coating, as well as the shallow ion implantation function. Operational experience is described and information pertinent to commercial operation, extracted from these experiments, is presented.
The application of CRM to military operations
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Cavanagh, Dale E.; Williams, Kenneth R.
1987-01-01
The detailed content of the CRM training component of the C-5 Aircrew Training System (ATS) was left to the discretion of the contractor. As a part of determining what the content should be, United Airlines Services Corporation has made an effort to understand how the needs of MAC crews compare with those of civilian airline crews. There are distinct similarities between the crew roles in the cockpits of civilian airliners and military air transports. Many of the attitudes and behaviors exhibited by civil and military crew members are comparable, hence much of the training in the field referred to as Cockpit Resource Management (CRM) is equally appropriate to civil or military aircrews. At the same time, there are significant differences which require assessment to determine if modifications to what might be termed generic CRM are necessary. The investigation enabled the definition and specification of CRM training which is believed to address the needs of the C-5 operational community. The study has concentrated largely on military airlift, but the training objectives and course content of the CRM training are readily adaptable to a wider range of military cockpits than are found in strategic airlift. For instance, CRM training focusing on communication, leadership, situational awareness, and crew coordination is just as appropriate, with some modification, to the pilots manning a flight to Tactical Airlift Command A-7's as it is to the pilots, flight engineers, and loadmasters crewing a C-5.
A creep model for metallic composites based on matrix testing: Application to Kanthal composites
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Binienda, W. K.; Robinson, D. N.; Arnold, S. M.; Bartolotta, Paul A.
1990-01-01
An anisotropic creep model is formulated for metallic composites with strong fibers and low to moderate fiber volume percent (less than 40 percent). The idealization admits no creep in the local fiber direction and assumes equal creep strength in longitudinal and transverse shear. Identification of the matrix behavior with that of the isotropic limit of the theory permits characterization of the composite through uniaxial creep tests on the matrix material. Constant and step-wise creep tests are required as a data base. The model provides an upper bound on the transverse creep strength of a composite having strong fibers embedded in a particular matrix material. Comparison of the measured transverse strength with the upper bound gives an assessment of the integrity of the composite. Application is made to a Kanthal composite, a model high-temperature composite system. Predictions are made of the creep response of fiber reinforced Kanthal tubes under interior pressure.
Boron-bearing species in ceramic matrix composites for long-term aerospace applications
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Naslain, R.; Guette, A.; Rebillat, F.; Pailler, R.; Langlais, F.; Bourrat, X.
2004-02-01
Boron-bearing refractory species are introduced in non-oxide ceramic matrix fibrous composites (such as SiC/SiC composites) to improve their oxidation resistance under load at high temperatures with a view to applications in the aerospace field. B-doped pyrocarbon and hex-BN have been successfully used as interphase (instead of pure pyrocarbon) either as homogeneous or multilayered fiber coatings, to arrest and deflect matrix cracks formed under load (mechanical fuse function) and to give toughness to the materials. A self-healing multilayered matrix is designed and used in a model composite, which combines B-doped pyrocarbon mechanical fuse layers and B- and Si-bearing compound (namely B 4C and SiC) layers forming B 2O 3-based fluid healing phases when exposed to an oxidizing atmosphere. All the materials are deposited by chemical vapor infiltration. Lifetimes under tensile loading of several hundreds hours at high temperatures are reported.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Dandliker, Richard B.
The development of alloys with high glass forming ability allows fabrication of bulk samples of amorphous metal. This capability makes these materials available for applications which require significant material thickness in all three dimensions. Superior mechanical properties and advantages in processing make metallic glass a choice candidate as a matrix material for composites. This study reports techniques for making composites by melt-infiltration casting using the alloy Zrsb{41.2}Tisb{13.8}Cusb{12.5}Nisb{10.0}Besb{22.5} (VitreloyspTM 1) as a matrix material. Composite rods 5 cm in length and 7 mm in diameter were made and found to have a nearly fully amorphous matrix; there was less than 3 volume percent crystallized matrix material. The samples were reinforced by continuous metal wires, tungsten powder, or silicon carbide particulate preforms. The most easily processed samples were made with uniaxially aligned tungsten and carbon steel continuous wire reinforcement; the majority of the analysis presented is of these samples. The measured porosity was typically less than 3%. The results also indicate necessary guidelines for developing processing techniques for large scale production, new reinforcement materials, and other metallic glass compositions. Analysis of the microstructure of the tungsten wire and steel wire reinforced composites was performed by x-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, scanning Auger microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy. The most common phase in the crystallized matrix is most likely a Laves phase with the approximate formula Besb{12}Zrsb3TiNiCu. In tungsten-reinforced composites, a crystalline reaction layer 240 nm thick of tungsten nanocrystals in an amorphous matrix formed. In the steel reinforced composites, the reaction layer was primarily composed of a mixed metal carbide, mainly ZrC. One promising application of the metallic glass matrix composite is as a kinetic energy penetrator material. Ballistic tests show that a composite of 80 volume percent uniaxially aligned tungsten wires and a VitreloyspTM 1 matrix has self-sharpening behavior, which is a necessary characteristic of superior penetrator materials. Small-scale tests with both aluminum and steel targets show that this composite performs better than tungsten heavy alloys typically used for penetrator applications, and comparably with depleted uranium.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Haxton, Wick; Lunardini, Cecilia
2008-09-01
Semi-leptonic electroweak interactions in nuclei—such as ? decay, ? capture, charged- and neutral-current neutrino reactions, and electron scattering—are described by a set of multipole operators carrying definite parity and angular momentum, obtained by projection from the underlying nuclear charge and three-current operators. If these nuclear operators are approximated by their one-body forms and expanded in the nucleon velocity through order |p?|/M, where p? and M are the nucleon momentum and mass, a set of seven multipole operators is obtained. Nuclear structure calculations are often performed in a basis of Slater determinants formed from harmonic oscillator orbitals, a choice that allows translational invariance to be preserved. Harmonic-oscillator single-particle matrix elements of the multipole operators can be evaluated analytically and expressed in terms of finite polynomials in q, where q is the magnitude of the three-momentum transfer. While results for such matrix elements are available in tabular form, with certain restriction on quantum numbers, the task of determining the analytic form of a response function can still be quite tedious, requiring the folding of the tabulated matrix elements with the nuclear density matrix, and subsequent algebra to evaluate products of operators. Here we provide a Mathematica script for generating these matrix elements, which will allow users to carry out all such calculations by symbolic manipulation. This will eliminate the errors that may accompany hand calculations and speed the calculation of electroweak nuclear cross sections and rates. We illustrate the use of the new script by calculating the cross sections for charged- and neutral-current neutrino scattering in 12C. Program summaryProgram title: SevenOperators Catalogue identifier: AEAY_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEAY_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Standard CPC licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 2227 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 19 382 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: Mathematica Computer: Any computer running Mathematica; tested on Mac OS X PowerPC (32-bit) running Mathematica 6.0.0 Operating system: Any running Mathematica RAM: Memory requirements determined by Mathematica; 512 MB or greater RAM and hard drive space of at least 3.0 GB recommended Classification: 17.16, 17.19 Nature of problem: Algebraic evaluation of harmonic oscillator nuclear matrix elements for the one-body multipole operators governing semi-leptonic weak interactions, such as charged- or neutral-current neutrino scattering off nuclei. Solution method: Mathematica evaluation of associated angular momentum algebra and spherical Bessel function radial integrals. Running time: Depends on the complexity of the one-body density matrix employed, but times of a few seconds are typical.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-07-01
... false Operating Limits for Puncture Sealant Application Control Devices 4 Table...Part 63—Operating Limits for Puncture Sealant Application Control Devices As stated...with the operating limits for puncture sealant application affected sources in...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-07-01
... true Operating Limits for Puncture Sealant Application Control Devices 4 Table...Part 63—Operating Limits for Puncture Sealant Application Control Devices As stated...with the operating limits for puncture sealant application affected sources in...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-07-01
... false Operating Limits for Puncture Sealant Application Control Devices 4 Table...Part 63—Operating Limits for Puncture Sealant Application Control Devices As stated...with the operating limits for puncture sealant application affected sources in...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-07-01
... true Operating Limits for Puncture Sealant Application Control Devices 4 Table...Part 63—Operating Limits for Puncture Sealant Application Control Devices As stated...with the operating limits for puncture sealant application affected sources in...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-07-01
... true Operating Limits for Puncture Sealant Application Control Devices 4 Table...Part 63—Operating Limits for Puncture Sealant Application Control Devices As stated...with the operating limits for puncture sealant application affected sources in...
47 CFR 0.483 - Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-10-01
...Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses. 0.483 Section...Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses. (a) Application filing procedures for amateur radio operator licenses are set forth in...
47 CFR 0.483 - Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-10-01
...Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses. 0.483 Section...Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses. (a) Application filing procedures for amateur radio operator licenses are set forth in...
47 CFR 0.483 - Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-10-01
...Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses. 0.483 Section...Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses. (a) Application filing procedures for amateur radio operator licenses are set forth in...
47 CFR 0.483 - Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-10-01
...Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses. 0.483 Section...Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses. (a) Application filing procedures for amateur radio operator licenses are set forth in...
47 CFR 0.483 - Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-10-01
...Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses. 0.483 Section...Applications for amateur or commercial radio operator licenses. (a) Application filing procedures for amateur radio operator licenses are set forth in...
Tensor operators: Constructions and applications for long-range interaction systems
Froewis, F.; Nebendahl, V.; Duer, W. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Innsbruck, Technikerstrasse 25, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria)
2010-06-15
We consider the representation of operators in terms of tensor networks and their application to the ground-state approximation and time evolution of systems with long-range interactions. We provide an explicit construction to represent an arbitrary many-body Hamilton operator in terms of a one-dimensional tensor network (i.e., as a matrix product operator). For pairwise interactions, we show that such a representation is always efficient and requires a tensor dimension growing only linearly with the number of particles. For systems obeying certain symmetries or restrictions we find optimal representations with minimal tensor dimension. We discuss the analytic and numerical approximation of operators in terms of low-dimensional tensor operators. We demonstrate applications for time evolution and the ground-state approximation, in particular for long-range interaction with inhomogeneous couplings. The operator representations are also generalized to other geometries such as trees and two-dimensional lattices, where we show how to obtain and use efficient tensor network representations respecting a given geometry.
40 CFR 63.747 - Standards: Chemical milling maskant application operations.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-07-01
...2012-07-01 false Standards: Chemical milling maskant application operations...Facilities § 63.747 Standards: Chemical milling maskant application operations...operator of a new or existing chemical milling maskant operation...
40 CFR 63.747 - Standards: Chemical milling maskant application operations.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-07-01
...2013-07-01 false Standards: Chemical milling maskant application operations...Facilities § 63.747 Standards: Chemical milling maskant application operations...operator of a new or existing chemical milling maskant operation...
40 CFR 63.747 - Standards: Chemical milling maskant application operations.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-07-01
...2011-07-01 false Standards: Chemical milling maskant application operations...Facilities § 63.747 Standards: Chemical milling maskant application operations...operator of a new or existing chemical milling maskant operation...
40 CFR 63.747 - Standards: Chemical milling maskant application operations.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-07-01
...2010-07-01 false Standards: Chemical milling maskant application operations...Facilities § 63.747 Standards: Chemical milling maskant application operations...operator of a new or existing chemical milling maskant operation...
40 CFR 63.747 - Standards: Chemical milling maskant application operations.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-07-01
...2014-07-01 false Standards: Chemical milling maskant application operations...Facilities § 63.747 Standards: Chemical milling maskant application operations...operator of a new or existing chemical milling maskant operation...
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Rodriguez, G.; Kreutz, K.
1988-01-01
This report advances a linear operator approach for analyzing the dynamics of systems of joint-connected rigid bodies.It is established that the mass matrix M for such a system can be factored as M=(I+H phi L)D(I+H phi L) sup T. This yields an immediate inversion M sup -1=(I-H psi L) sup T D sup -1 (I-H psi L), where H and phi are given by known link geometric parameters, and L, psi and D are obtained recursively by a spatial discrete-step Kalman filter and by the corresponding Riccati equation associated with this filter. The factors (I+H phi L) and (I-H psi L) are lower triangular matrices which are inverses of each other, and D is a diagonal matrix. This factorization and inversion of the mass matrix leads to recursive algortihms for forward dynamics based on spatially recursive filtering and smoothing. The primary motivation for advancing the operator approach is to provide a better means to formulate, analyze and understand spatial recursions in multibody dynamics. This is achieved because the linear operator notation allows manipulation of the equations of motion using a very high-level analytical framework (a spatial operator algebra) that is easy to understand and use. Detailed lower-level recursive algorithms can readily be obtained for inspection from the expressions involving spatial operators. The report consists of two main sections. In Part 1, the problem of serial chain manipulators is analyzed and solved. Extensions to a closed-chain system formed by multiple manipulators moving a common task object are contained in Part 2. To retain ease of exposition in the report, only these two types of multibody systems are considered. However, the same methods can be easily applied to arbitrary multibody systems formed by a collection of joint-connected regid bodies.
Joining of SiC\\/SiC f ceramic matrix composites for fusion reactor blanket applications
P. Colombo; B. Riccardi; A Donato; G Scarinci
2000-01-01
Using a preceramic polymer, joints between SiC\\/SiCf ceramic matrix composites were obtained. The polymer, upon pyrolysis at high temperature, transforms into a ceramic material and develops an adhesive bonding with the composite. The surface morphology of 2D and 3D SiC\\/SiCf composites did not allow satisfactory results to be obtained by a simple application of the method initially developed for monolithic
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Watson, Michael D.; Kelley, Gary W.
2012-01-01
The Department of Defense (DoD) defined System Operational Effectiveness (SOE) model provides an exceptional framework for an affordable approach to the development and operation of space launch vehicles and their supporting infrastructure. The SOE model provides a focal point from which to direct and measure technical effectiveness and process efficiencies of space launch vehicles. The application of the SOE model to a space launch vehicle's development and operation effort leads to very specific approaches and measures that require consideration during the design phase. This paper provides a mapping of the SOE model to the development of space launch vehicles for human exploration by addressing the SOE model key points of measurement including System Performance, System Availability, Technical Effectiveness, Process Efficiency, System Effectiveness, Life Cycle Cost, and Affordable Operational Effectiveness. In addition, the application of the SOE model to the launch vehicle development process is defined providing the unique aspects of space launch vehicle production and operations in lieu of the traditional broader SOE context that examines large quantities of fielded systems. The tailoring and application of the SOE model to space launch vehicles provides some key insights into the operational design drivers, capability phasing, and operational support systems.
Multigrid with matrix-dependent transfer operators for a singular perturbation problem
AA Reusken
1993-01-01
We consider multigrid applied to a class of singularly perturbed two-point boundary value problems. In the multigrid method we use a matrix-dependent prolongation and restriction. For a class of two-grid method we prove uniform convergence for allh (mesh size parameter) and ? (perturbation parameter).
Bernard J. McEvoy
1997-01-01
Yield management (YM) tends to emphasize revenue management, which is understandable, given the capital intensive nature of the hotel industry. To evaluate these strategies profitability or return must be assessed, together with management performance or efficiency, in the context of the level of risk to which the investment is subjected. Provides a two-step matrix model with which hotel owners and
Evaluation of the Trajectory Operations Applications Software Task (TOAST)
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Perkins, Sharon; Martin, Andrea; Bavinger, Bill
1990-01-01
The Trajectory Operations Applications Software Task (TOAST) is a software development project under the auspices of the Mission Operations Directorate. Its purpose is to provide trajectory operation pre-mission and real-time support for the Space Shuttle program. As an Application Manager, TOAST provides an isolation layer between the underlying Unix operating system and the series of user programs. It provides two main services: a common interface to operating system functions with semantics appropriate for C or FORTRAN, and a structured input and output package that can be utilized by user application programs. In order to evaluate TOAST as an Application Manager, the task was to assess current and planned capabilities, compare capabilities to functions available in commercially-available off the shelf (COTS) and Flight Analysis Design System (FADS) users for TOAST implementation. As a result of the investigation, it was found that the current version of TOAST is well implemented and meets the needs of the real-time users. The plans for migrating TOAST to the X Window System are essentially sound; the Executive will port with minor changes, while Menu Handler will require a total rewrite. A series of recommendations for future TOAST directions are included.
Kular, Jaspreet K; Basu, Shouvik
2014-01-01
The extracellular matrix is a structural support network made up of diverse proteins, sugars and other components. It influences a wide number of cellular processes including migration, wound healing and differentiation, all of which is of particular interest to researchers in the field of tissue engineering. Understanding the composition and structure of the extracellular matrix will aid in exploring the ways the extracellular matrix can be utilised in tissue engineering applications especially as a scaffold. This review summarises the current knowledge of the composition, structure and functions of the extracellular matrix and introduces the effect of ageing on extracellular matrix remodelling and its contribution to cellular functions. Additionally, the current analytical technologies to study the extracellular matrix and extracellular matrix–related cellular processes are also reviewed. PMID:25610589
Remote Sensing of Water Quality: Bridging Operational and Applications Communities
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lee, Christine M.; Orne, Tiffani; Schaeffer, Blake
2014-09-01
One of the highest priorities of the NASA Applied Sciences Program (ASP) is to benefit society by supporting the development of tools, services, and applications that leverage Earth observations (EO) and satellite assets, and their transfer to operations. Toward this goal, the Water Resources Application Area of ASP has been exploring how satellite remote sensing could contribute to water quality monitoring decisions and practices and organized a workshop at the biennial National Water Quality Monitoring Conference 2014 in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Matrix-assisted laser transfer of electronic materials for direct-write applications
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Auyeung, Raymond C. Y.; Wu, H. D.; Modi, R.; Pique, Alberto; Fitz-Gerald, J. M.; Young, Henry D.; Lakeou, Samuel; Chung, Russell; Chrisey, Douglas B.
2000-11-01
A novel laser-based direct-write technique, called Matrix Assisted Pulsed Laser Evaporation Direct Write (MAPLE-DW), has been developed for the rapid prototyping of electronic devices. MAPLE-DW is a maskless deposition process operating under ambient conditions which allows for the rapid fabrication of complex patterns of electronic materials. The technique utilizes a laser transparent substrate with one side coated with a matrix of the materials of interest mixed with an organic vehicle. The laser is focused through the transparent substrate onto the matrix coating which aids in transferring the materials of interest to an acceptor substrate placed parallel to the matrix surface. With MAPLE-DW, diverse materials including metals, dielectrics, ferroelectrics, ferrites and polymers have been transferred onto various acceptor substrates. The capability for laser-modifying the surface of the acceptor substance and laser-post-processing the transferred material has been demonstrated as well. This simple yet powerful technique has been used to fabricate passive thin film electronic components such as resistors, capacitors and metal lines with good functional properties. An overview of these key results along with a discussion of their materials and properties characterization will be presented.
Fire protection system operating experience review for fusion applications
Cadwallader, L.C.
1995-12-01
This report presents a review of fire protection system operating experiences from particle accelerator, fusion experiment, and other applications. Safety relevant operating experiences and accident information are discussed. Quantitative order-of-magnitude estimates of fire protection system component failure rates and fire accident initiating event frequencies are presented for use in risk assessment, reliability, and availability studies. Safety concerns with these systems are discussed, including spurious operation. This information should be useful to fusion system designers and safety analysts, such as the team working on the Engineering Design Activities for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor.
Web Application Software for Ground Operations Planning Database (GOPDb) Management
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Lanham, Clifton; Kallner, Shawn; Gernand, Jeffrey
2013-01-01
A Web application facilitates collaborative development of the ground operations planning document. This will reduce costs and development time for new programs by incorporating the data governance, access control, and revision tracking of the ground operations planning data. Ground Operations Planning requires the creation and maintenance of detailed timelines and documentation. The GOPDb Web application was created using state-of-the-art Web 2.0 technologies, and was deployed as SaaS (Software as a Service), with an emphasis on data governance and security needs. Application access is managed using two-factor authentication, with data write permissions tied to user roles and responsibilities. Multiple instances of the application can be deployed on a Web server to meet the robust needs for multiple, future programs with minimal additional cost. This innovation features high availability and scalability, with no additional software that needs to be bought or installed. For data governance and security (data quality, management, business process management, and risk management for data handling), the software uses NAMS. No local copy/cloning of data is permitted. Data change log/tracking is addressed, as well as collaboration, work flow, and process standardization. The software provides on-line documentation and detailed Web-based help. There are multiple ways that this software can be deployed on a Web server to meet ground operations planning needs for future programs. The software could be used to support commercial crew ground operations planning, as well as commercial payload/satellite ground operations planning. The application source code and database schema are owned by NASA.
Starkov, A. S. [St. Petersburg National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, Institute of Refrigeration and Biotechnology (Russian Federation); Starkov, I. A., E-mail: ferroelectrics@ya.ru [Brno University of Technology, SIX Research Centre (Czech Republic)
2014-11-15
It is proposed to use a generalized matrix averaging (GMA) method for calculating the parameters of an effective medium with physical properties equivalent to those of a set of thin multiferroic layers. This approach obviates the need to solve a complex system of magnetoelectroelasticity equations. The required effective characteristics of a system of multiferroic layers are obtained using only operations with matrices, which significantly simplifies calculations and allows multilayer systems to be described. The proposed approach is applicable to thin-layer systems, in which the total thickness is much less than the system length, radius of curvature, and wavelengths of waves that can propagate in the system (long-wave approximation). Using the GMA method, it is also possible to obtain the effective characteristics of a periodic structure with each period comprising a number of thin multiferroic layers.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Park, Cheol; Wise, Kristopher E.; Kang, Jin Ho; Kim, Jae-Woo; Sauti, Godfrey; Lowther, Sharon E.; Lillehei, Peter T.; Smith, Michael W.; Siochi, Emilie J.; Harrison, Joycelyn S.; Jordan, Kevin
2008-01-01
Multifunctional structural materials can enable a novel design space for advanced aerospace structures. A promising route to multifunctionality is the use of nanotubes possessing the desired combination of properties to enhance the characteristics of structural polymers. Recent nanotube-polymer nanocomposite studies have revealed that these materials have the potential to provide structural integrity as well as sensing and/or actuation capabilities. Judicious selection or modification of the polymer matrix to promote donor acceptor and/or dispersion interactions can improve adhesion at the interface between the nanotubes and the polymer matrix significantly. The effect of nanotube incorporation on the modulus and toughness of the polymer matrix will be presented. Very small loadings of single wall nanotubes in a polyimide matrix yield an effective sensor material that responds to strain, stress, pressure, and temperature. These materials also exhibit significant actuation in response to applied electric fields. The objective of this work is to demonstrate that physical properties of multifunctional material systems can be tailored for specific applications by controlling nanotube treatment (different types of nanotubes), concentration, and degree of alignment.
Heat kernel expansion and induced action for the matrix model Dirac operator
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Blaschke, Daniel N.; Steinacker, Harold; Wohlgenannt, Michael
2011-03-01
We compute the quantum effective action induced by integrating out fermions in Yang-Mills matrix models on a 4-dimensional background, expanded in powers of a gauge-invariant UV cutoff. The resulting action is recast into the form of generalized matrix models, manifestly preserving the SO( D) symmetry of the bare action. This provides non-commutative (NC) analogs of the Seeley-de Witt coefficients for the emergent gravity which arises on NC branes, such as curvature terms. From the gauge theory point of view, this provides strong evidence that the non-commutative mathcal{N} = 4 SYM has a hidden SO(10) symmetry even at the quantum level, which is spontaneously broken by the space-time background. The geometrical view proves to be very powerful, and allows to predict nontrivial loop computations in the gauge theory.
B. B. BHATTACHARYYA
1969-01-01
Synthesis of multi-port networks is attracting increasing attention in network theory. On the other hand comparatively little work has been reported on active RC multi-port transfer function synthesis. This paper presents an elegant synthesis procedure to realize any arbitrary rational m×n open-circuit voltage-transfer function matrix where m and n are, respectively, the numbers of the input and output ports. The
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
A TEMPERING APPROACH FOR ITAKURA-SAITO NON-NEGATIVE MATRIX FACTORIZATION. WITH APPLICATION TO MUSIC factorization (NMF) with the Itakura-Saito (IS) divergence. Previous work has demonstrated the relevance. Index Terms-- Non-negative matrix factorization (NMF), Itakura-Saito (IS) divergence, beta divergence
Apkarian, V. Ara
: Application to iodine in argon matrix Z. Bihary Department of Chemistry, University of California, Irvine be handled computationally. The method is applied to the vibrational matrix-shift of iodine in an argon of the shifts is interpreted in detail, and the properties of the iodineÂargon interactions essential to obtain
Iqbal, Hafiz Muhammad Nasir; Asgher, Muhammad
2013-05-01
A novel manganese peroxidase (MnP) isolated from solid state culture of Trametes versicolor IBL-04 was immobilized using xerogel matrix composed of trimethoxysilane (TMOS) and propyltetramethoxysilane (PTMS). FTIR spectroscopy confirmed the successful entrapment of MnP into the xerogel matrix. An immobilization efficiency of 92.2% was achieved with a purified active fraction containing 2 mg/mL MnP. After 24 h incubation at varying pH and temperatures, the immobilized MnP retained 82 and 75% activity at pH 4 and 80°C, respectively. Xerogel matrix immobilization enhanced the catalytic efficiency of entrapped MnP. Metal ions including Cu2+, Mn2+ and Fe2+ stimulated enzyme activity while cysteine, EDTA and Ag+ inhibited the activity. MnP preserved 82% of its initial activity during oxidation of MnSO4 in 10 consecutive cycles, demonstrating the reusability of xerogel entrapped MnP. The immobilized MnP could be stored for up to 75 days at 4°C without significant activity loss. To explore the industrial applicability of MnP, the immobilized MnP was tested for decolorization of textile industry effluent in a Packed Bed Reactor System (PBRS). After five consecutive cycles, 98.8% decolorization of effluent was achieved within 5 h. The kinetic properties, storage stability and reusability of entrapped MnP from T. versicolor IBL-04 reflect its prospects as biocatalyst for bioremediation and other industrial applications. PMID:23016633
Actively Cooled Ceramic Matrix Composite Concepts for High Heat Flux Applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Eckel, Andrew J.; Jaskowiak, Martha H.; Dickens, Kevin
2004-01-01
High temperature composite heat exchangers are an enabling technology for a number of aeropropulsion applications. They offer the potential for mass reductions of greater than fifty percent over traditional metallics designs and enable vehicle and engine designs. Since they offer the ability to operate at significantly higher operating temperatures, they facilitate operation at reduced coolant flows and make possible temporary uncooled operation in temperature regimes, such as experienced during vehicle reentry, where traditional heat exchangers require coolant flow. This reduction in coolant requirements can translate into enhanced range or system payload. A brief review of the approaches, challenges and test results are presented, along with a status of recent government-funded projects.
Interactive intelligent remote operations: application to space robotics
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Dupuis, Erick; Gillett, G. R.; Boulanger, Pierre; Edwards, Eric; Lipsett, Michael G.
1999-11-01
A set of tolls addressing the problems specific to the control and monitoring of remote robotic systems from extreme distances has been developed. The tools include the capability to model and visualize the remote environment, to generate and edit complex task scripts, to execute the scripts to supervisory control mode and to monitor and diagnostic equipment from multiple remote locations. Two prototype systems are implemented for demonstration. The first demonstration, using a prototype joint design called Dexter, shows the applicability of the approach to space robotic operation in low Earth orbit. The second demonstration uses a remotely controlled excavator in an operational open-pit tar sand mine. This demonstrates that the tools developed can also be used for planetary exploration operations as well as for terrestrial mining applications.
LBB application in the US operating and advanced reactors
Wichman, K.; Tsao, J.; Mayfield, M.
1997-04-01
The regulatory application of leak before break (LBB) for operating and advanced reactors in the U.S. is described. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has approved the application of LBB for six piping systems in operating reactors: reactor coolant system primary loop piping, pressurizer surge, safety injection accumulator, residual heat removal, safety injection, and reactor coolant loop bypass. The LBB concept has also been applied in the design of advanced light water reactors. LBB applications, and regulatory considerations, for pressurized water reactors and advanced light water reactors are summarized in this paper. Technology development for LBB performed by the NRC and the International Piping Integrity Research Group is also briefly summarized.
Development of damped metal-matrix composites for advanced structural applications. Technical report
Updike, C.A.; Bhagat, R.B.
1990-04-01
The development of damped metal matrix composite structures for advanced applications has been investigated by the use of two different approaches: (1) the development of metal matrix composites with high intrinsic damping compared to that of the matrix material, and (2) the development of coated metal matrix composites with high structural damping compared to that of the composite substrates. The two different approaches are analyzed in terms of their potential for improved damping and feasibility for structural applications. Damping was measured by the transverse vibration of free-free beams using the bandwidth technique by a laser vibrometer under ambient conditions. The damping measurements were made over a wide range of frequencies (.7 kHz to 25.6 kHz) at low strain amplitudes (10 to the -10 power to 10 to the -7 power). Materials investigated for their tensile stiffness, strength, and damping performance include mechanically alloyed (MA) Aluminum-Magnesium, SiC(p)/Aluminum-Copper (MA), SiC(p)/AL, AL2O3(p)/AL, SiC(W)/AL, planar random Gr/AL, unidirectional Gr/AL and unidirectional SiC(Nicalon)/AL composites. The effects of coatings of high damping metals (nitinol and incramute) on 6061-T6 AL and AL2O3(p)/AL substrates have also been studied. The AL-Mg (MA), SiC(p)/AL (MA), SiC(W)/AL and th AL2O3(p)/AL composites show no significant improvement in damping compared with that of the 6061-T6 AL.
Shimma, Shuichi; Takashima, Yuki; Hashimoto, Jun; Yonemori, Kan; Tamura, Kenji; Hamada, Akinobu
2013-12-01
Mass spectrometry (MS) was used to measure the concentrations of drug and biological compounds in plasma and tissues. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) imaging MS (IMS) has recently been applied to the analysis of localized drugs on biological tissue surfaces. In MALDI-IMS, matrix application process is crucial for successful results. However, it is difficult to obtain homogeneous matrix crystals on the tissue surface due to endogenous salts and tissue surface heterogeneity. Consequently, the non-uniform crystals degrade the quality of the spectrum and likely cause surface imaging artifacts. Furthermore, the direct application of matrix solution can cause tissue shrinkage due to the organic solvents. Here, we report an alternative two-step matrix application protocol which combines the vacuum deposition of matrix crystals and the spraying of matrix solution to produce a homogeneous matrix layer on the tissue surface. Our proposed technique can also prevent cracking or shrinking of the tissue samples and improve the ionization efficiency of the distributed exogenous material. PMID:24338883
Cryogenic system operating experience review for fusion applications
Cadwallader, L.C.
1992-01-01
This report presents a review of cryogenic system operating experiences, from particle accelerator, fusion experiment, space research, and other applications. Safety relevant operating experiences and accident information are discussed. Quantitative order-of-magnitude estimates of cryogenic component failure rates and accident initiating event frequencies are presented for use in risk assessment, reliability, and availability studies. Safety concerns with cryogenic systems are discussed, including ozone formation, effects of spills, and modeling spill behavior. This information should be useful to fusion system designers and safety analysts, such as the team working on the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor design.
Variational density matrix method for warm, condensed matter: application to dense hydrogen
Militzer; Pollock
2000-04-01
A variational principle for optimizing thermal density matrices is introduced. As a first application, the variational many-body density matrix is written as a determinant of one-body density matrices, which are approximated by Gaussians with the mean, width, and amplitude as variational parameters. The method is illustrated for the particle in an external field problem, the hydrogen molecule and dense hydrogen where the molecular, the dissociated, and the plasma regime are described. Structural and thermodynamic properties (energy, equation of state, and shock Hugoniot) are presented. PMID:11088124
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Rasheed, A.; Khalid, F. A.
2014-06-01
The polymeric matrix composites have found extensive applications in sports because of high strength to weight ratio, ease of processing, and longer life. This work was carried out to study the properties of different sections of composite field hockey sticks and the influence of carbon nanotubes on their properties. The samples were fabricated by compression molding process. The increase in mechanical properties by the incorporation of carbon nanotubes is correlated with the process parameters to consider enhancement in the overall performance of the stick sections.
Coiled-tubing applications for blowout-control operations
Adams, N.J. [Neal Adams Firefighters Inc., Houston, TX (United States); Mack, S.K.; Fannin, V.R.; Rocchi, T.
1996-05-01
Coiled-tubing drilling is now being used in various operations. Its complete field of applications is not currently established. Coiled tubing used for well control while drilling is a new field where its limits are being explored. This paper provides guidelines on topics to be considered in determining the applicability of coiled tubing for well-control problems. The information provided is based on recent field experiences with several well-control problems when drilling vent and relief wells. In some cases, coiled-tubing drilling capabilities, by necessity, were significantly extended beyond levels the industry considered to be upper limits. Well control cannot always be handled by coiled tubing. It is a special-application tool that can handle many situations and is, in some cases, clearly the optimum choice for the application. This paper presents guidelines for selecting coiled tubing for each application and discusses economics. It also describes coiled-tubing operations for regaining control of blowout wells in certain situations and gives technical requirements for planning and executing these types of jobs. Case histories where coiled-tubing units (CTU`s) have been used to regain control of drilling and producing wells are provided for illustration.
MATTHIAS LESCH; FLORIAN MERZ; MARTIN R. ZIRNBAUER
In the static limit of linear response theory, the electrical con- ductivity is a linear operator taking closed electric flelds into closed electric current densities. The induced mapping in cohomology is called the electrical conductance. Using the notion of relative de Rham cohomology of a mani- fold M with boundary, we give a thorough discussion of what is meant by
Ventilation Systems Operating Experience Review for Fusion Applications
L. C. Cadwallader
1999-12-01
This report is a collection and review of system operation and failure experiences for air ventilation systems in nuclear facilities. These experiences are applicable for magnetic and inertial fusion facilities since air ventilation systems are support systems that can be considered generic to nuclear facilities. The report contains descriptions of ventilation system components, operating experiences with these systems, component failure rates, and component repair times. Since ventilation systems have a role in mitigating accident releases in nuclear facilities, these data are useful in safety analysis and risk assessment of public safety. An effort has also been given to identifying any safety issues with personnel operating or maintaining ventilation systems. Finally, the recommended failure data were compared to an independent data set to determine the accuracy of individual values. This comparison is useful for the International Energy Agency task on fusion component failure rate data collection.
Biofiltration: Fundamentals, design and operations principles and applications
Swanson, W.J.; Loehr, R.C. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)
1997-06-01
Biofiltration is a biological air pollution control technology for volatile organic compounds (VOCs). This paper summarizes the fundamentals, design and operation, and application of the process. Biofiltration has been demonstrated to be an effective technology for VOCs from many industries. Large and full-scale systems are in use in Europe and the US. With proper design and operation, VOC removal efficiencies of 95--99% have been achieved. Important parameters for design and performance are empty-bed contact time, gas surface loading, mass loading, elimination capacity, and removal efficiency. Key design and operation factors include chemical and media properties, moisture, pH, temperature, nutrient availability, gas pretreatment, and variations in loading.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Aktosun, Tuncay; Weder, Ricardo
2013-01-01
The matrix Schrödinger equation with a selfadjoint matrix potential is considered on the half line with the general selfadjoint boundary condition at the origin. When the matrix potential is integrable, the high-energy asymptotics are established for the related Jost matrix, the inverse of the Jost matrix, and the scattering matrix. Under the additional assumption that the matrix potential has a first moment, Levinson's theorem is derived, relating the number of bound states to the change in the argument of the determinant of the scattering matrix.
Ellingson, W. A.
1999-05-21
Monolithic structural ceramics and continuous fiber ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) are being developed for application in many thermally and chemically aggressive environments where structural reliability is paramount. We have recently developed advanced nondestructive evaluation (NDE) methods that can detect distributed ''defects'' such as density gradients and machining-induced damage in monolithic materials, as well as delamination, porosity, and throughwall cracks, in CMC materials. These advanced NDE methods utilize (a) high-resolution, high-sensitivity thermal imaging; (b) high-resolution X-ray imaging; (c) laser-based elastic optical scattering; (d) acoustic resonance; (e) air-coupled ultrasonic methods; and (f) high-sensitivity fluorescent penetrant technology. This paper discusses the development and application of these NDE methods relative to ceramic processing and ceramic components used in large-scale industrial gas turbines and hot gas filters for gas stream particulate cleanup.
Ahmedou Yahya ould Mohameden; Mohamed Vall Ould Moustapha
2012-09-25
In this article an intertwining operator is constructed which transforms the harmonic oscillator to the Dirac operator (the first order derivative operator). We give also the explicit solutions to the heat and wave equation associated to Dirac operator. As an application the heat and the wave kernels of the harmonic oscillator are computed.
SMES application for frequency control during islanded microgrid operation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kim, A.-Rong; Kim, Gyeong-Hun; Heo, Serim; Park, Minwon; Yu, In-Keun; Kim, Hak-Man
2013-01-01
This paper analyzes the operating characteristics of a superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) for the frequency control of an islanded microgrid operation. In the grid-connected mode of a microgrid, an imbalance between power supply and demand is solved by a power trade with the upstream power grid. The difference in the islanded mode is a critical problem because the microgrid is isolated from any power grid. For this reason, the frequency control during islanded microgrid operation is a challenging issue. A test microgrid in this paper consisted of a wind power generator, a PV generation system, a diesel generator and a load to test the feasibility of the SMES for controlling frequency during islanded operation as well as the transient state varying from the grid-connected mode to the islanded mode. The results show that the SMES contributes well for frequency control in the islanded operation. In addition, a dual and a single magnet type of SMES have been compared to demonstrate the control performance. The dual magnet has the same energy capacity as the single magnet, but there are two superconducting coils and each coil has half inductance of the single magnet. The effectiveness of the SMES application with the simulation results is discussed in detail.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Haslam, Jeffery John
1998-12-01
The need for improved fuel economy and reduced environmental emissions from power turbines has prompted the development of high temperature fiber composite materials. One use of these materials is for liners of the hot combustion regions of jet engines and land based power turbines. Stability of the composite materials against oxidative damage during long term use at high temperatures has motivated recent research into fiber composite materials composed entirely of oxide ceramics. All-oxide fiber reinforced composites containing porous, strongly bonded matrices have become of interest. The porosity provides for crack deflection along the fibers to prevent catastrophic failure of the fiber reinforcements. A new application of a processing method that produces evaporation/condensation sintering was employed to prevent shrinkage of the matrix. This processing method and the properties of the matrix, fibers, and composite were evaluated in this work. Producing a matrix without shrinkage is important to prevent undesirable crack-like voids from forming in the matrix. These voids are caused by constraint against shrinkage by the fiber reinforcements. Dry hydrogen chloride gas produced a reactive gas atmosphere that was used to sinter the zirconia particles with minimal shrinkage because the gas promotes evaporation/condensation sintering with zirconia. Sintering of samples that did not contain fiber reinforcements was studied to evaluate the properties of the matrix material. The sintering of monoclinic, tetragonal, and cubic zirconias in the reactive gas atmosphere was compared. Additions of mullite (which did not sinter significantly at processing temperatures) further reduced the shrinkage. The effects of the processing conditions on the sintering shrinkage, microstructure development, and mechanical properties were studied. Cubic and monoclinic zirconia coarsened significantly in the HCl gas sintering atmosphere. The coarsening of the particles during the sintering process produced a porous material that was resistant to densification when heat treated in air. Tetragonal zirconia did not coarsen due to an agglomerated microstructure. The mechanical properties generally followed a volume weighted rule of mixtures relationship with the quantity of zirconia. The effect of the sintering atmosphere on fiber properties and the mechanical properties of a fiber reinforced composite produced by this approach were also presented.
Bannwart, Flávio C; Penelet, Guillaume; Lotton, Pierrick; Dalmont, Jean-Pierre
2013-05-01
The successful design of a thermoacoustic engine depends on the appropriate description of the processes involved inside the thermoacoustic core (TAC). This is a difficult task when considering the complexity of both the heat transfer phenomena and the geometry of the porous material wherein the thermoacoustic amplification process occurs. An attempt to getting round this difficulty consists in measuring the TAC transfer matrix under various heating conditions, the measured transfer matrices being exploited afterward into analytical models describing the complete apparatus. In this paper, a method based on impedance measurements is put forward, which allows the accurate measurement of the TAC transfer matrix, contrarily to the classical two-load method. Four different materials are tested, each one playing as the porous element allotted inside the TAC, which is submitted to different temperature gradients to promote thermoacoustic amplification. The experimental results are applied to the modeling of basic standing-wave and traveling-wave engines, allowing the prediction of the engine operating frequency and thermoacoustic amplification gain, as well as the optimum choice of the components surrounding the TAC. PMID:23654373
Properties of Graphite Fiber Reinforced Copper Matrix Composites for Space Power Applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Ellis, David L.
1992-01-01
The thermal and mechanical properties of pitch-based graphite fiber reinforced copper matrix (Gr/Cu) composites usable for space applications such as radiator fins were investigated. Thermal conductivity was measured as a function of fiber volume fraction and architecture. Results showed for unidirectional P-100 Gr/Cu composites, the longitudinal thermal conductivity was nearly independent of fiber volume fraction. Transverse thermal conductivities (perpendicular to the fibers) were strongly affected by the fiber volume fraction with higher volume fractions resulting in lower thermal conductivities. The effect of architecture on thermal conductivity followed the cosine squared law for simple architectures. Insufficient data are available currently to model more complex architectures, but adding fibers in the direction of the heat flow increases the thermal conductivity as low conductivity plies are supplemented by high conductivity plies. Thermal expansion tests were conducted on the Gr fibers and Gr/Cu composites. The results show a considerable thermal expansion mismatch between the fibers and the Cu matrix. The longitudinal thermal expansion showed a strong dependence on the architecture of the Gr/Cu composites. The composites also show a thermal expansion hysteresis. The hysteresis was eliminated by an engineered interface. Mechanical testing concentrated on the dynamic modulus and strength of the composites. The dynamic modulus of the Gr/Cu composites was 305 GPa up to 400 C, a value equivalent to Be. The strengths of the composites were less than expected, but this is attributed to the poor bond across the interface between the Gr fibers and Cu matrix. Testing of composites with an engineered interface is expected to yield strengths nearer the values predicted by the rule of mixtures.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Shan, Ying
Flexible matrix composites (FMCs) utilize the high elongation capability of elastomers such as polyurethane to withstand large strains in the direction transverse to the fiber reinforcement while retaining strength and stiffness in the longitudinal direction. FMCs are highly anisotropic and can therefore be tailored to achieve distinctive mechanical characteristics that are difficult to obtain using conventional rigid matrix composites. In the current study, the potential of using an FMC to construct a flexurally-soft, torsionally-stiff driveshaft is examined. The FMC selected for the current investigation is a carbon fiber/polyurethane matrix material system. Both quasi-static and dynamic tests have been performed to characterize the properties of the FMC material. By modeling viscoelastic FMC lamina properties with a fractional derivative approach, a novel damping model that accounts for the frequency and temperature dependence of the FMC material is developed. This is the first time fractional derivative model has been applied to a fiber composite. Good agreement between the damping model and experimental data for angle-ply tubes was obtained. Based on the validated damping model, a self-heating model to predict the temperature increase caused by internal damping of a FMC shaft under misaligned rotation is also proposed. A laboratory-scale, misaligned FMC shaft rotation test stand was built to validate the proposed model. Good agreement is shown between the self-heating model predictions and experiment results. This model can be valuable in the selection of constituent materials for FMCs and also in the design of FMC shafts. Preliminary fatigue test results show that FMC materials have potentially good fatigue performance in shaft applications.
Santhakumar, Rajalakshmi; Vidyasekar, Prasanna; Verma, Rama Shanker
2014-01-01
3-Dimensional conditions for the culture of Bone Marrow-derived Stromal/Stem Cells (BMSCs) can be generated with scaffolds of biological origin. Cardiogel, a cardiac fibroblast-derived Extracellular Matrix (ECM) has been previously shown to promote cardiomyogenic differentiation of BMSCs and provide protection against oxidative stress. To determine the matrix composition and identify significant proteins in cardiogel, we investigated the differences in the composition of this nanomatrix and a BMSC-derived ECM scaffold, termed as ‘mesogel’. An optimized protocol was developed that resulted in efficient decellularization while providing the maximum yield of ECM. The proteins were sequentially solubilized using acetic acid, Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate (SDS) and Dithiothreitol (DTT). These proteins were then analyzed using surfactant-assisted in-solution digestion followed by nano-liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry (nLC-MS/MS). The results of these analyses revealed significant differences in their respective compositions and 17 significant ECM/matricellular proteins were differentially identified between cardiogel and mesogel. We observed that cardiogel also promoted cell proliferation, adhesion and migration while enhancing cardiomyogenic differentiation and angiogenesis. In conclusion, we developed a reproducible method for efficient extraction and solubilization of in vitro cultured cell-derived extracellular matrix. We report several important proteins differentially identified between cardiogel and mesogel, which can explain the biological properties of cardiogel. We also demonstrated the cardiomyogenic differentiation and angiogenic potential of cardiogel even in the absence of any external growth factors. The transplantation of Bone Marrow derived Stromal/Stem Cells (BMSCs) cultured on such a nanomatrix has potential applications in regenerative therapy for Myocardial Infarction (MI). PMID:25521816
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2012-09-14
...of the FHA does not credit containment isolation, operation of the Auxiliary Building...requirements related to primary containment isolation instrumentation. The changes are in...ZIRLO\\TM\\ clad fuel rods to the fuel matrix in addition to Zircaloy or...
KS ring theoretic approach for matrix multiplication
S. S. Dharwez; B. Karpagam
2011-01-01
Matrix multiplication is a very common operation performed in many real world applications. So much of research has been done in reducing the time complexity of multiplying two matrices by researchers like Strassen, Don Coppersmith, Shmuel Winograd etc. All mathematical software also rely upon the common matrix multiplication algorithm. But, if the matrices that has to be applied has some
A matrix-form GSM-CFD solver for incompressible fluids and its application to hemodynamics
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yao, Jianyao; Liu, G. R.
2014-10-01
A GSM-CFD solver for incompressible flows is developed based on the gradient smoothing method (GSM). A matrix-form algorithm and corresponding data structure for GSM are devised to efficiently approximate the spatial gradients of field variables using the gradient smoothing operation. The calculated gradient values on various test fields show that the proposed GSM is capable of exactly reproducing linear field and of second order accuracy on all kinds of meshes. It is found that the GSM is much more robust to mesh deformation and therefore more suitable for problems with complicated geometries. Integrated with the artificial compressibility approach, the GSM is extended to solve the incompressible flows. As an example, the flow simulation of carotid bifurcation is carried out to show the effectiveness of the proposed GSM-CFD solver. The blood is modeled as incompressible Newtonian fluid and the vessel is treated as rigid wall in this paper.
Vacuum system operating experience review for fusion applications
Cadwallader, L.C.
1994-03-01
This report presents a review of vacuum system operating experiences from particle accelerator, fusion experiment, space simulation chamber, and other applications. Safety relevant operating experiences and accident information are discussed. Quantitative order-of-magnitude estimates of vacuum system component failure rates and accident initiating event frequencies are presented for use in risk assessment, reliability, and availability studies. Safety concerns with vacuum systems are discussed, including personnel safety, foreign material intrusion, and factors relevant to vacuum systems being the primary confinement boundary for tritium and activated dusts. This information should be useful to fusion system designers and safety analysts, such as the team working on the Engineering Design Activities for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor.
Test Waveform Applications for JPL STRS Operating Environment
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Lux, James P.; Peters, Kenneth J.; Taylor, Gregory H.; Lang, Minh; Stern, Ryan A.; Duncan, Courtney B.
2013-01-01
This software demonstrates use of the JPL Space Telecommunications Radio System (STRS) Operating Environment (OE), tests APIs (application programming interfaces) presented by JPL STRS OE, and allows for basic testing of the underlying hardware platform. This software uses the JPL STRS Operating Environment ["JPL Space Tele com - munications Rad io System Operating Environment,"(NPO-4776) NASA Tech Briefs, commercial edition, Vol. 37, No. 1 (January 2013), p. 47] to interact with the JPL-SDR Software Defined Radio developed for the CoNNeCT (COmmunications, Navigation, and Networking rEconfigurable Testbed) Project as part of the SCaN Testbed installed on the International Space Station (ISS). These are the first applications that are compliant with the new NASA STRS Architecture Standard. Several example waveform applications are provided to demonstrate use of the JPL STRS OE for the JPL-SDR platform used for the CoNNeCT Project. The waveforms provide a simple digitizer and playback capability for the SBand RF slice, and a simple digitizer for the GPS slice [CoNNeCT Global Positioning System RF Module, (NPO-47764) NASA Tech Briefs, commercial edition, Vol. 36, No. 3 (March 2012), p. 36]. These waveforms may be used for hardware test, as well as for on-orbit or laboratory checkout. Additional example waveforms implement SpaceWire and timer modules, which can be used for time transfer and demonstration of communication between the two Xilinx FPGAs in the JPLSDR. The waveforms are also compatible with ground-based use of the JPL STRS OE on radio breadboards and Linux.
Application of human error analysis to aviation and space operations
Nelson, W.R.
1998-03-01
For the past several years at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) the authors have been working to apply methods of human error analysis to the design of complex systems. They have focused on adapting human reliability analysis (HRA) methods that were developed for Probabilistic Safety Assessment (PSA) for application to system design. They are developing methods so that human errors can be systematically identified during system design, the potential consequences of each error can be assessed, and potential corrective actions (e.g. changes to system design or procedures) can be identified. The primary vehicle the authors have used to develop and apply these methods has been a series of projects sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to apply human error analysis to aviation operations. They are currently adapting their methods and tools of human error analysis to the domain of air traffic management (ATM) systems. Under the NASA-sponsored Advanced Air Traffic Technologies (AATT) program they are working to address issues of human reliability in the design of ATM systems to support the development of a free flight environment for commercial air traffic in the US. They are also currently testing the application of their human error analysis approach for space flight operations. They have developed a simplified model of the critical habitability functions for the space station Mir, and have used this model to assess the affects of system failures and human errors that have occurred in the wake of the collision incident last year. They are developing an approach so that lessons learned from Mir operations can be systematically applied to design and operation of long-term space missions such as the International Space Station (ISS) and the manned Mars mission.
Ravindran, Sriram; Huang, Chun-Chieh; George, Anne
2014-01-01
Dental Caries affects approximately 90% of the world's population. At present, the clinical treatment for dental caries is root canal therapy. This treatment results in loss of tooth sensitivity and vitality. Tissue engineering can potentially solve this problem by enabling regeneration of a functional pulp tissue. Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) have been shown to be an excellent source for pulp regeneration. However, limited availability of these cells hinders its potential for clinical translation. We have investigated the possibility of using somatic mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from other sources for dental pulp tissue regeneration using a biomimetic dental pulp extracellular matrix (ECM) incorporated scaffold. Human periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) and human bone marrow stromal cells (HMSCs) were investigated for their ability to differentiate toward an odontogenic lineage. In vitro real-time PCR results coupled with histological and immunohistochemical examination of the explanted tissues confirmed the ability of PDLSCs and HMSCs to form a vascularized pulp-like tissue. These findings indicate that the dental pulp stem derived ECM scaffold stimulated odontogenic differentiation of PDLSCs and HMSCs without the need for exogenous addition of growth and differentiation factors. This study represents a translational perspective toward possible therapeutic application of using a combination of somatic stem cells and extracellular matrix for pulp regeneration. PMID:24432005
Ravindran, Sriram; Huang, Chun-Chieh; George, Anne
2014-01-01
Dental Caries affects approximately 90% of the world's population. At present, the clinical treatment for dental caries is root canal therapy. This treatment results in loss of tooth sensitivity and vitality. Tissue engineering can potentially solve this problem by enabling regeneration of a functional pulp tissue. Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) have been shown to be an excellent source for pulp regeneration. However, limited availability of these cells hinders its potential for clinical translation. We have investigated the possibility of using somatic mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from other sources for dental pulp tissue regeneration using a biomimetic dental pulp extracellular matrix (ECM) incorporated scaffold. Human periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) and human bone marrow stromal cells (HMSCs) were investigated for their ability to differentiate toward an odontogenic lineage. In vitro real-time PCR results coupled with histological and immunohistochemical examination of the explanted tissues confirmed the ability of PDLSCs and HMSCs to form a vascularized pulp-like tissue. These findings indicate that the dental pulp stem derived ECM scaffold stimulated odontogenic differentiation of PDLSCs and HMSCs without the need for exogenous addition of growth and differentiation factors. This study represents a translational perspective toward possible therapeutic application of using a combination of somatic stem cells and extracellular matrix for pulp regeneration. PMID:24432005
Leak before break application in French PWR plants under operation
Faidy, C. [EDF SEPTEN, Villeurbanne (France)
1997-04-01
Practical applications of the leak-before break concept are presently limited in French Pressurized Water Reactors (PWR) compared to Fast Breeder Reactors. Neithertheless, different fracture mechanic demonstrations have been done on different primary, auxiliary and secondary PWR piping systems based on similar requirements that the American NUREG 1061 specifications. The consequences of the success in different demonstrations are still in discussion to be included in the global safety assessment of the plants, such as the consequences on in-service inspections, leak detection systems, support optimization,.... A large research and development program, realized in different co-operative agreements, completes the general approach.
Magnetic thrust bearing operation and industrial pump application
Allaire, P.E.; Maslen, E.H.; Lewis, D.W.; Flack, R.D. [Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States)
1997-01-01
Magnetic bearings represent a new bearing technology, which has some advantages over conventional fluid film and rolling element bearings for some applications. The paper describes the basic concepts of magnetic thrust bearing operation involving the magnetic actuator, electronic controls, power amplifier, and sensor. The magnetic actuator is a magnetic circuit, which generates attractive forces. These support the rotating shaft. While it is often thought that magnetic bearings are highly nonlinear devices, this paper demonstrates that they are linear in both the perturbation flux and current when used in a double acting configuration. Electronic feedback controls are used to stabilize the bearing. Example design parameters are presented for an application to an industrial canned motor pump.
Ground Operations Aerospace Language (GOAL). Volume 5: Application Studies
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1973-01-01
The Ground Operations Aerospace Language (GOAL) was designed to be used by test oriented personnel to write procedures which would be executed in a test environment. A series of discussions between NASA LV-CAP personnel and IBM resulted in some peripheral tasks which would aid in evaluating the applicability of the language in this environment, and provide enhancement for future applications. The results of these tasks are contained within this volume. The GOAL vocabulary provides a high degree of readability and retainability. To achieve these benefits, however, the procedure writer utilizes words and phrases of considerable length. Brief form study was undertaken to determine a means of relieving this burden. The study resulted in a version of GOAL which enables the writer to develop a dialect suitable to his needs and satisfy the syntax equations. The output of the compiler would continue to provide readability by printing out the standard GOAL language. This task is described.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Philen, M.
2009-10-01
The applicability of variable impedance fluidic flexible matrix composites (F2MC) is investigated for development of prosthetic and orthotic devices. The F2MC material is an innovative combination of high performance composite tubes containing high bulk modulus fluids. The new material system can potentially achieve a change in stiffness of several orders of magnitude through valve control. The F2MC material system is investigated in this research through analytical studies for active impedance control for load transfer reduction in transtibial prosthetic sockets and impedance joint control for ankle-foot orthoses (AFO). Preliminary analysis results indicate that the variable modulus system can reduce the load transfer between the limb and transtibial socket and can provide impedance tailoring for improving foot-slap in an AFO.
Improvements in sparse matrix/vector technique applications for on-line load flow calculation
Ristanovic, P.; Bjelogrlic, M.; Babic, B.S.
1989-02-01
Sparsity technique is applied to a wide range of problems in power systems analysis. In this paper the authors propose several analytical and computational improvements in sparsity applications. The new partial matrix refactorization method and ordering algorithm are presented. The proposed method is very efficient when applied to various kinds of programs, such as: on-line load flow, optimal power flow and steady-state security analysis. The proposed methodology is applied in a fast decoupled load flow program which include the treatment of tap violations on under-load tap changing (ULTC) transformers and reactive power generation on PV buses. Effects of proposed improvements are well tested and documented on the three networks: 118 bus IEEE test network and two utility networks with 209 and 519 buses, respectively. Keywords: sparsity technique, load flow analysis, security analysis.
Protein crystallization with microseed matrix screening: application to human germline antibody Fabs
Obmolova, Galina; Malia, Thomas J.; Teplyakov, Alexey; Sweet, Raymond W.; Gilliland, Gary L.
2014-01-01
The crystallization of 16 human antibody Fab fragments constructed from all pairs of four different heavy chains and four different light chains was enabled by employing microseed matrix screening (MMS). In initial screening, diffraction-quality crystals were obtained for only three Fabs, while many Fabs produced hits that required optimization. Application of MMS, using the initial screens and/or refinement screens, resulted in diffraction-quality crystals of these Fabs. Five Fabs that failed to give hits in the initial screen were crystallized by cross-seeding MMS followed by MMS optimization. The crystallization protocols and strategies that resulted in structure determination of all 16 Fabs are presented. These results illustrate the power of MMS and provide a basis for developing future strategies for macromolecular crystallization. PMID:25084393
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hellmers, Jens; Wriedt, Thomas
2013-07-01
In this paper we investigate the applicability of T-matrix light scattering calculations to determine the spectral behaviour of metallic nanoparticles during a sintering process. We are especially interested in spectral changes and plasmonic effects during the process of approaching and sintering as this might help to establish a measurement method for the degree of sintering. For this, we consider two separate spherical nanoparticles which get closer and closer until they touch; then the sintering process starts, resulting in a single particle. This resulting shape of the single particle is described by a Cassini-oval. As materials we choose silver (Ag), gold (Au), titanium nitride (TiN) and indium tin oxide (ITO). The calculations are done using the Nullfield Method with Discrete Sources.
ZnO:H indium-free transparent conductive electrodes for active-matrix display applications
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Chen, Shuming; Wang, Sisi
2014-12-01
Transparent conductive electrodes based on hydrogen (H)-doped zinc oxide (ZnO) have been proposed for active-matrix (AM) display applications. When fabricated with optimal H plasma power and optimal plasma treatment time, the resulting ZnO:H films exhibit low sheet resistance of 200 ?/? and high average transmission of 85% at a film thickness of 150 nm. The demonstrated transparent conductive ZnO:H films can potentially replace indium-tin-oxide and serve as pixel electrodes for organic light-emitting diodes as well as source/drain electrodes for ZnO-based thin-film transistors. Use of the proposed ZnO:H electrodes means that two photomask stages can be removed from the fabrication process flow for ZnO-based AM backplanes.
High Strain-Rate Mechanical Behaviour of a Copper Matrix Composite for Nuclear Applications
Peroni, L
2012-01-01
Aim of this work is the investigation of mechanical behaviour of an alumina dispersion strengthened copper, known by the trade name GLIDCOP®, subjected to dynamic loads: it is a composite material with a copper matrix strengthened with aluminium oxide ceramic particles. Since the particle content is quite small the material keeps the OFE copper physical properties, such as thermal and electrical conductivity, but with a higher yield strength, like a mild-carbon steel. Besides, with the addition of aluminium oxide, the good mechanical properties are retained also at high temperatures and the resistance to thermal softening is increased: the second phase blocks the dislocation movement preventing the grain growth. Thanks to these properties GLIDCOP® finds several applications in particle accelerator technologies, where problems of thermal management, combined with structural requirements, play a key role. Currently, it is used for the construction of structural and functional parts of the particle beam collim...
SiC/SiC Ceramic Matrix Composites Developed for High-Temperature Space Transportation Applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Kiser, J. Douglas; Bhatt, Ramakrishna, T.; Morscher, Gregory N.; Yun, Hee Mann; DiCarlo, James A.; Petko, Jeanne F.
2005-01-01
Researchers at the NASA Glenn Research Center have been developing durable, high-temperature ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) with silicon carbide (SiC) matrices and SiC or carbon fibers for use in advanced reusable launch vehicle propulsion and airframe applications in the Next Generation Launch Technology (NGLT) Program. These CMCs weigh less and are more durable than competing metallic alloys, and they are tougher than silicon-based monolithic ceramics. Because of their high specific strength and durability at high temperatures, CMCs such as C/SiC (carbon- fiber-reinforced silicon carbide) and SiC/SiC (silicon-carbide-fiber-reinforced silicon carbide) may increase vehicle performance and safety significantly and reduce the cost of transporting payloads to orbit.
Cohen-Or, Daniel
1 Video Operations in the Gradient Domain Abstract Fusion of image sequences is a fundamental operation in numerous video applications and usually consists of segmentation, matting and compositing. We present a unified framework for performing these operations on video in the gradient domain. Our approach
Analysis operator learning and its application to image reconstruction.
Hawe, Simon; Kleinsteuber, Martin; Diepold, Klaus
2013-06-01
Exploiting a priori known structural information lies at the core of many image reconstruction methods that can be stated as inverse problems. The synthesis model, which assumes that images can be decomposed into a linear combination of very few atoms of some dictionary, is now a well established tool for the design of image reconstruction algorithms. An interesting alternative is the analysis model, where the signal is multiplied by an analysis operator and the outcome is assumed to be sparse. This approach has only recently gained increasing interest. The quality of reconstruction methods based on an analysis model severely depends on the right choice of the suitable operator. In this paper, we present an algorithm for learning an analysis operator from training images. Our method is based on l(p)-norm minimization on the set of full rank matrices with normalized columns. We carefully introduce the employed conjugate gradient method on manifolds, and explain the underlying geometry of the constraints. Moreover, we compare our approach to state-of-the-art methods for image denoising, inpainting, and single image super-resolution. Our numerical results show competitive performance of our general approach in all presented applications compared to the specialized state-of-the-art techniques. PMID:23412611
Operational and design aspects of accelerators for medical applications
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Schippers, Jacobus Maarten; Seidel, Mike
2015-03-01
Originally, the typical particle accelerators as well as their associated beam transport equipment were designed for particle and nuclear physics research and applications in isotope production. In the past few decades, such accelerators and related equipment have also been applied for medical use. This can be in the original physics laboratory environment, but for the past 20 years also in hospital-based or purely clinical environments for particle therapy. The most important specific requirements of accelerators for radiation therapy with protons or ions will be discussed. The focus will be on accelerator design, operational, and formal aspects. We will discuss the special requirements to reach a high reliability for patient treatments as well as an accurate delivery of the dose at the correct position in the patient using modern techniques like pencil beam scanning. It will be shown that the technical requirements, safety aspects, and required reliability of the accelerated beam differ substantially from those in a nuclear physics laboratory. It will be shown that this difference has significant implications on the safety and interlock systems. The operation of such a medical facility should be possible by nonaccelerator specialists at different operating sites (treatment rooms). The organization and role of the control and interlock systems can be considered as being the most crucially important issue, and therefore a special, dedicated design is absolutely necessary in a facility providing particle therapy.
Medical Applications of White LEDs for Surgical Operation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Shimada, Junichi; Kawakami, Yoichi
Everywhere in the world, the highest quality and quantity of lighting is required during the surgical operations. However, the surgical approach has had many types and various angles, common ceiling surgical halogen lighting system cannot provide an adequate amount of beams because the surgeons' heads hinder the illuminations from reaching the operation field. The evolution of solid-state-lighting is currently going to be developed due to the progress of white light emitting diodes (LEDs). We proposed and developed the new lighting equipment that is a surgical lighting goggle composed of InGaN-YAG (yttrium aluminum garnet):Ce3+-based white LEDs. Here, we newly design surgical lighting system composed of white LEDs equipped on both sides of goggles. In fact, we have succeeded in the first internal shunt operation in the left forearm using the surgical LED lighting system on 11th Sept 2000. Since the white LEDs used were composed of InGaN-blue-emitters and YAG-yellow-phosphors, the color rendering property was not sufficient in the reddish colors. After our first challenge for medical application of white LEDs, we have been trying to improve the luminance power of white LED, the color rendering in red colors and the spectral distribution of white LED to render inherent color of raw flesh such as skin, blood, fat tissue and internal organs. We have produced new concepts for LED lighting sources and new several generations of LED lighting goggles.
Evaluation of Ceramic Matrix Composite Technology for Aircraft Turbine Engine Applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Halbig, Michael C.; Jaskowiak, Martha H.; Kiser, James D.; Zhu, Dongming
2013-01-01
The goals of the NASA Environmentally Responsible Aviation (ERA) Project are to reduce the NO(x) emissions, fuel burn, and noise from turbine engines. In order to help meet these goals, commercially-produced ceramic matrix composite (CMC) components and environmental barrier coatings (EBCs) are being evaluated as parts and panels. The components include a CMC combustor liner, a CMC high pressure turbine vane, and a CMC exhaust nozzle as well as advanced EBCs that are tailored to the operating conditions of the CMC combustor and vane. The CMC combustor (w/EBC) could provide 2700 F temperature capability with less component cooling requirements to allow for more efficient combustion and reductions in NOx emissions. The CMC vane (w/EBC) will also have temperature capability up to 2700 F and allow for reduced fuel burn. The CMC mixer nozzle will offer reduced weight and improved mixing efficiency to provide reduced fuel burn. The main objectives are to evaluate the manufacturability of the complex-shaped components and to evaluate their performance under simulated engine operating conditions. Progress in CMC component fabrication, evaluation, and testing is presented in which the goal is to advance from the proof of concept validation (TRL 3) to a system/subsystem or prototype demonstration in a relevant environment (TRL 6).
Devarajan, Karthik
Nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) by the multiplicative updates algorithm is a powerful machine learning method for decomposing a high-dimensional nonnegative matrix V into two nonnegative matrices, W and H, where V ...
Exokernel: an operating system architecture for application-level resource management
Dawson R. Engler; M. Frans Kaashoek; James O'Toole Jr
1995-01-01
We describe an operating system architecture that securely multiplexes machine resources while permitting an unprecedented degree of application-specific customization of traditional operating system abstractions. By abstracting physical hardware resources, traditional operating systems have significantly limited the performance, flexibility, and functionality of applications. The exokernel architecture removes these limitations by allowing untrusted software to implement traditional operating system abstractions entirely at
GIS applications for military operations in coastal zones
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Fleming, S.; Jordan, T.; Madden, M.; Usery, E. L.; Welch, R.
In order to successfully support current and future US military operations in coastal zones, geospatial information must be rapidly integrated and analyzed to meet ongoing force structure evolution and new mission directives. Coastal zones in a military-operational environment are complex regions that include sea, land and air features that demand high-volume databases of extreme detail within relatively narrow geographic corridors. Static products in the form of analog maps at varying scales traditionally have been used by military commanders and their operational planners. The rapidly changing battlefield of 21st Century warfare, however, demands dynamic mapping solutions. Commercial geographic information system (GIS) software for military-specific applications is now being developed and employed with digital databases to provide customized digital maps of variable scale, content and symbolization tailored to unique demands of military units. Research conducted by the Center for Remote Sensing and Mapping Science at the University of Georgia demonstrated the utility of GIS-based analysis and digital map creation when developing large-scale (1:10,000) products from littoral warfare databases. The methodology employed-selection of data sources (including high resolution commercial images and Lidar), establishment of analysis/modeling parameters, conduct of vehicle mobility analysis, development of models and generation of products (such as a continuous sea-land DEM and geo-visualization of changing shorelines with tidal levels)-is discussed. Based on observations and identified needs from the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, formerly the National Imagery and Mapping Agency, and the Department of Defense, prototype GIS models for military operations in sea, land and air environments were created from multiple data sets of a study area at US Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. Results of these models, along with methodologies for developing large-scale littoral warfare databases, aid the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency in meeting littoral warfare analysis, modeling and map generation requirements for US military organizations.
An Empirically Based Method of Q-Matrix Validation for the DINA Model: Development and Applications
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
de la Torre, Jimmy
2008-01-01
Most model fit analyses in cognitive diagnosis assume that a Q matrix is correct after it has been constructed, without verifying its appropriateness. Consequently, any model misfit attributable to the Q matrix cannot be addressed and remedied. To address this concern, this paper proposes an empirically based method of validating a Q matrix used…
Application of non-negative matrix factorization to multispectral FLIM data analysis
Pande, Paritosh; Applegate, Brian E.; Jo, Javier A.
2012-01-01
Existing methods of interpreting fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM) images are based on comparing the intensity and lifetime values at each pixel with those of known fluorophores. This method becomes unwieldy and subjective in many practical applications where there are several fluorescing species contributing to the bulk fluorescence signal, and even more so in the case of multispectral FLIM. Non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) is a multivariate data analysis technique aimed at extracting non-negative signatures of pure components and their non-negative abundances from an additive mixture of those components. In this paper, we present the application of NMF to multispectral time-domain FLIM data to obtain a new set of FLIM features (relative abundance of constituent fluorophores). These features are more intuitive and easier to interpret than the standard fluorescence intensity and lifetime values. The proposed approach, unlike several FLIM data analysis methods, is not limited by the number of constituent fluorescing species or their possibly complex decay dynamics. Moreover, the new set of FLIM features can be obtained by processing raw multispectral FLIM intensity data, thereby rendering time deconvolution unnecessary and resulting in lesser computational time and relaxed SNR requirements. The performance of the NMF method was validated on simulated and experimental multispectral time-domain FLIM data. The NMF features were also compared against the standard intensity and lifetime features, in terms of their ability to discriminate between different types of atherosclerotic plaques. PMID:23024917
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Upadhyaya, Priyank
A multi-scale mechanism-based life prediction model is developed for high-temperature polymer matrix composites (HTPMC) for high temperature airframe applications. In the first part of this dissertation the effect of Cloisite 20A (C20A) nano-clay compounding on the thermo-oxidative weight loss and the residual stresses due to thermal oxidation for a thermoset polymer bismaleimide (BMI) are investigated. A three-dimensional (3-D) micro-mechanics based finite element analysis (FEA) was conducted to investigate the residual stresses due to thermal oxidation using an in-house FEA code (NOVA-3D). In the second part of this dissertation, a novel numerical-experimental methodology is outlined to determine cohesive stress and damage evolution parameters for pristine as well as isothermally aged (in air) polymer matrix composites. A rate-dependent viscoelastic cohesive layer model was implemented in an in-house FEA code to simulate the delamination initiation and propagation in unidirectional polymer composites before and after aging. Double cantilever beam (DCB) experiments were conducted (at UT-Dallas) on both pristine and isothermally aged IM-7/BMI composite specimens to determine the model parameters. The J-Integral based approach was adapted to extract cohesive stresses near the crack tip. Once the damage parameters had been characterized, the test-bed FEA code employed a micromechanics based viscoelastic cohesive layer model to numerically simulate the DCB experiment. FEA simulation accurately captures the macro-scale behavior (load-displacement history) simultaneously with the micro-scale behavior (crack-growth history).
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Abidin, Zaenal; Anompa, Muhammad Angger; Muhtadan
2013-09-01
Development of Welding Defect Identifiers for application in Radiographic Film by using Gray Level Co-Occurrence Matrix and Back-Propagation. A research on the application development to interpret the welding defects in industrial radiographic films by using neural networks has been conducted. This research is aimed to produce an application that implement the digital image processing, feature extraction and pattern recognition using artificial neural networks. Digital image processing applied in the development is the technique of noise removal using median filter, contrast stretching and image sharpening by Laplacian filter. Method of Grey level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) is applied to extract features from digital images radiographic films. Back-propagation artificial neural network method is used for defect classification and interpretation of welding defect in radiographic films. The result of this research is an application of back-propagation neural networks with classification results for 60 simulated data with 95% of classification successful rate.
Application of online modeling to the operation of SLC
Woodley, M.D.; Sanchez-Chopitea, L.; Shoaee, H.
1987-02-01
Online computer models of first order beam optics have been developed for the commissioning, control and operation of the entire SLC including Damping Rings, Linac, Positron Return Line and Collider Arcs. A generalized online environment utilizing these models provides the capability for interactive selection of a desired optics configuration and for the study of its properties. Automated procedures have been developed which calculate and load beamline component set-points and which can scale magnet strengths to achieve desired beam properties for any Linac energy profile. Graphic displays facilitate comparison of design, desired and actual optical characteristics of the beamlines. Measured beam properties, such as beam emittance and dispersion, can be incorporated interactively into the models and used for beamline matching and optimization of injection and extraction efficiencies and beam transmission. The online optics modeling facility also serves as the foundation for many model-driven applications such as autosteering, calculation of beam launch parameters, emittance measurement and dispersion correction.
UN Institute for Training and Research Operational Satellite Applications Programme
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Satellites are used for just about any purpose imaginable, and the United Nations Institute for Training and Research Operational Satellite Applications Programme (UNITAR) is one that is meant to help out in "the life of communities exposed to poverty, hazards and risk." On their site, visitors should first take a look at the "What we do" area to learn about their recent achievements and work. Moving on, they can view their latest satellite maps of places such as Vietnam and Cambodia. The maps are entirely free, and they cover such topics as flood hazards, environmental degradation, and active fire locations. After a quick look, visitors can move on to read up on their satellite image services, technical assistance, and ordering information (for those who desire physical copies). The site also contains a glossary of terms, and a sign-in area for those users who wish to compile and maintain a record of the maps they will need to use most frequently.
An operational global ocean forecast system and its applications
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Mehra, A.; Tolman, H. L.; Rivin, I.; Rajan, B.; Spindler, T.; Garraffo, Z. D.; Kim, H.
2012-12-01
A global Real-Time Ocean Forecast System (RTOFS) was implemented in operations at NCEP/NWS/NOAA on 10/25/2011. This system is based on an eddy resolving 1/12 degree global HYCOM (HYbrid Coordinates Ocean Model) and is part of a larger national backbone capability of ocean modeling at NWS in strong partnership with US Navy. The forecast system is run once a day and produces a 6 day long forecast using the daily initialization fields produced at NAVOCEANO using NCODA (Navy Coupled Ocean Data Assimilation), a 3D multi-variate data assimilation methodology. As configured within RTOFS, HYCOM has a horizontal equatorial resolution of 0.08 degrees or ~9 km. The HYCOM grid is on a Mercator projection from 78.64 S to 47 N and north of this it employs an Arctic dipole patch where the poles are shifted over land to avoid a singularity at the North Pole. This gives a mid-latitude (polar) horizontal resolution of approximately 7 km (3.5 km). The coastline is fixed at 10 m isobath with open Bering Straits. This version employs 32 hybrid vertical coordinate surfaces with potential density referenced to 2000 m. Vertical coordinates can be isopycnals, often best for resolving deep water masses, levels of equal pressure (fixed depths), best for the well mixed unstratified upper ocean and sigma-levels (terrain-following), often the best choice in shallow water. The dynamic ocean model is coupled to a thermodynamic energy loan ice model and uses a non-slab mixed layer formulation. The forecast system is forced with 3-hourly momentum, radiation and precipitation fluxes from the operational Global Forecast System (GFS) fields. Results include global sea surface height and three dimensional fields of temperature, salinity, density and velocity fields used for validation and evaluation against available observations. Several downstream applications of this forecast system will also be discussed which include search and rescue operations at US Coast Guard, navigation safety information provided by OPC using real time ocean model guidance from Global RTOFS surface ocean currents, operational guidance on radionuclide dispersion near Fukushima using 3D tracers, boundary conditions for various operational coastal ocean forecast systems (COFS) run by NOS etc.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Halder, P.; Chakraborty, A.; Deb Roy, P.; Das, H. S.
2014-09-01
In this paper, we report the development of a java application for the Superposition T-matrix code, JaSTA (Java Superposition T-matrix App), to study the light scattering properties of aggregate structures. It has been developed using Netbeans 7.1.2, which is a java integrated development environment (IDE). The JaSTA uses double precession superposition codes for multi-sphere clusters in random orientation developed by Mackowski and Mischenko (1996). It consists of a graphical user interface (GUI) in the front hand and a database of related data in the back hand. Both the interactive GUI and database package directly enable a user to model by self-monitoring respective input parameters (namely, wavelength, complex refractive indices, grain size, etc.) to study the related optical properties of cosmic dust (namely, extinction, polarization, etc.) instantly, i.e., with zero computational time. This increases the efficiency of the user. The database of JaSTA is now created for a few sets of input parameters with a plan to create a large database in future. This application also has an option where users can compile and run the scattering code directly for aggregates in GUI environment. The JaSTA aims to provide convenient and quicker data analysis of the optical properties which can be used in different fields like planetary science, atmospheric science, nano science, etc. The current version of this software is developed for the Linux and Windows platform to study the light scattering properties of small aggregates which will be extended for larger aggregates using parallel codes in future. Catalogue identifier: AETB_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AETB_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Standard CPC licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 571570 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 120226886 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: Java, Fortran95. Computer: Any Windows or Linux systems capable of hosting a java runtime environment, java3D and fortran95 compiler; Developed on 2.40 GHz Intel Core i3. Operating system: Any Windows or Linux systems capable of hosting a java runtime environment, java3D and fortran95 compiler. RAM: Ranging from a few Mbytes to several Gbytes, depending on the input parameters. Classification: 1.3. External routines: jfreechart-1.0.14 [1] (free plotting library for java), j3d-jre-1.5.2 [2] (3D visualization). Nature of problem: Optical properties of cosmic dust aggregates. Solution method: Java application based on Mackowski and Mischenko's Superposition T-Matrix code. Restrictions: The program is designed for single processor systems. Additional comments: The distribution file for this program is over 120 Mbytes and therefore is not delivered directly when Download or Email is requested. Instead a html file giving details of how the program can be obtained is sent. Running time: Ranging from few minutes to several hours, depending on the input parameters. References: [1] http://www.jfree.org/index.html [2] https://java3d.java.net/
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gamba, Irene M.; Zhang, Chenglong
2014-12-01
In the present work, we propose a deterministic numerical solver for the homogeneous Boltzmann equation based on Discontinuous Galerkin (DG) methods. The weak form of the collision operator is approximated by a quadratic form in linear algebra setting. We employ the property of "shifting symmetry" in the weight matrix to reduce the computing complexity from theoretical O(N3) down to O(N2) , with N the total number of freedom for d-dimensional velocity space. In addition, the sparsity is also explored to further reduce the storage complexity. To apply lower order polynomials and resolve loss of conserved quantities, we invoke the conservation routine at every time step to enforce the conservation of desired moments (mass, momentum and/or energy), with only linear complexity. Due to the locality of the DG schemes, the whole computing process is well parallelized using hybrid OpenMP and MPI. The current work only considers integrable angular cross-sections under elastic and/or inelastic interaction laws. Numerical results on 2-D and 3-D problems are shown.
Stochastic determination of matrix determinants
Dorn, Sebastian
2015-01-01
Matrix determinants play an important role in data analysis, in particular when Gaussian processes are involved. Due to currently exploding data volumes linear operations - matrices - acting on the data are often not accessible directly, but are only represented indirectly in form of a computer routine. Such a routine implements the transformation a data vector undergoes under matrix multiplication. Meanwhile efficient probing routines to estimate a matrix's diagonal or trace, based solely on such computationally affordable matrix-vector multiplications, are well known and frequently used in signal inference, a stochastic estimate for its determinant is still lacking. In this work a probing method for the logarithm of a determinant of a linear operator is introduced. This method rests upon a reformulation of the log-determinant by an integral representation and the transformation of the involved terms into stochastic expressions. This stochastic determinant determination enables large-size applications in Bay...
Gi-Dong Lee; Gi Hong Kim; Tae-Hoon Yoon; Jae Chang Kim; Eung-Sang Lee
1999-01-01
A bistable twisted nematic (BTN) LCD exhibits optical bistability, fast response time, high contrast, and wide viewing angle. For high speed operation of a high resolution BTN panel without any cross-talk problem, the drive scheme must be optimized for matrix addressing. In our previous works, we introduced a high speed addressing method and a method for the optimization of the
W. J. Childs
1997-01-01
Matrix elements of the hyperfine operators corresponding to the magnetic-dipole (A) and electric-quadrupole (B) hyperfine structure constants are given as linear combinations of the appropriate radial integrals for all states of thes,pN, anddNconfigurations in both theSLand purejjrepresentations. The associatedSL–jjtransformations are also given.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lopez-Piñeiro, A.; Sanchez, M. L.; Moreno, B.
1992-06-01
The computer program MORSMATEL has been developed to calculate vibrational-rotational matrix elements of several r-dependent operators of two Morse oscillators. This code is based on a set of recurrence relations which are valid for any value of the power and of the quantum numbers v and J of each oscillator.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bihary, Z.; Gerber, R. B.; Apkarian, V. A.
2001-08-01
An extension of the vibrational self-consistent field (VSCF) method is developed for quantitative calculations of molecular vibrational spectroscopy in a crystalline solid environment. The approach is applicable to fields such as matrix-isolation spectroscopy and spectroscopy of molecular crystals. Advantages of the method are that extended solid vibrations and their coupling to intramolecular modes are incorporated, and that the treatment includes anharmonic effects, both due to the intrinsic property of individual modes and due to coupling between modes. Suitable boundary conditions are adopted in treating the solid environment. In applications, e.g., molecules in rare-gas crystals, hundreds of coupled molecular and matrix modes can be handled computationally. The method is applied to the vibrational matrix-shift of iodine in an argon matrix, and the calculated overtone frequencies are compared to experimental values obtained from both time-domain coherent Raman and frequency-domain Resonance Raman measurements. The physical origin of the shifts is interpreted in detail, and the properties of the iodine-argon interactions essential to obtain the correct sign and magnitude of the shift are elucidated. An I2-Ar potential, based on anisotropic atom-atom interactions and fitted to ab initio calculations, gives the best agreement with experiment. The results show that the VSCF solid-state approach is a powerful tool for matrix spectroscopy.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-07-01
...resin and gel coat application equipment cleaning operations? 63.5734 Section 63...Resin and Gel Coat Application Equipment Cleaning Operations § 63.5734 What standards...resin and gel coat application equipment cleaning operations? (a) For routine...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-01-01
... false Hearings on applications for operating licenses...Power Plants of Identical Design at Multiple Sites § 2.404 Hearings on applications for operating licenses...proposed action on an application for an operating...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-01-01
... false Hearings on applications for operating licenses...Power Plants of Identical Design at Multiple Sites § 2.404 Hearings on applications for operating licenses...proposed action on an application for an operating...
Huang, Yi-Zhi
Quantum Hall systems Representation theory of vertex operator algebras Applications The end Quantum Science, CAS #12;Quantum Hall systems Representation theory of vertex operator algebras Applications quantum computation 2 Representation theory of vertex operator algebras Vetrex operator algebras, modules
GIS applications for military operations in coastal zones
Fleming, S.; Jordan, T.; Madden, M.; Usery, E.L.; Welch, R.
2009-01-01
In order to successfully support current and future US military operations in coastal zones, geospatial information must be rapidly integrated and analyzed to meet ongoing force structure evolution and new mission directives. Coastal zones in a military-operational environment are complex regions that include sea, land and air features that demand high-volume databases of extreme detail within relatively narrow geographic corridors. Static products in the form of analog maps at varying scales traditionally have been used by military commanders and their operational planners. The rapidly changing battlefield of 21st Century warfare, however, demands dynamic mapping solutions. Commercial geographic information system (GIS) software for military-specific applications is now being developed and employed with digital databases to provide customized digital maps of variable scale, content and symbolization tailored to unique demands of military units. Research conducted by the Center for Remote Sensing and Mapping Science at the University of Georgia demonstrated the utility of GIS-based analysis and digital map creation when developing large-scale (1:10,000) products from littoral warfare databases. The methodology employed-selection of data sources (including high resolution commercial images and Lidar), establishment of analysis/modeling parameters, conduct of vehicle mobility analysis, development of models and generation of products (such as a continuous sea-land DEM and geo-visualization of changing shorelines with tidal levels)-is discussed. Based on observations and identified needs from the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, formerly the National Imagery and Mapping Agency, and the Department of Defense, prototype GIS models for military operations in sea, land and air environments were created from multiple data sets of a study area at US Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. Results of these models, along with methodologies for developing large-scale littoral warfare databases, aid the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency in meeting littoral warfare analysis, modeling and map generation requirements for US military organizations. ?? 2008 International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Inc. (ISPRS).
Development of a microwave 20 x 20 switch matrix for 30/20 GHz SS-TDMA application
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Cory, B. J.; Berkowitz, M.; Wallis, R.; Schiavone, A.; Shieh, D.; Campbell, J.
1982-01-01
The design and fabrication of a 3-8 GHz, 20 x 20 Satellite Switched-Time Division Multiple Access IF switch matrix applicable to a 30/20 GHz communications satellite are described. An assessment of switch architecture in 1980 concluded that the GaAs FET-based coupled crossbar switch matrix, incorporating high speed CMOS LSI logic for switch crosspoint addressing, would be the optimum technology available for communications satellite switching by 1982. This assessment was based on such factors as switching speed, bandwidth, off-state isolation, and reliability, over a 10-year mission life. A proof-of-concept model's construction and testing are presented.
ZKCM: a C++ library for multiprecision matrix computation with applications in quantum information
Akira SaiToh
2013-04-15
ZKCM is a C++ library developed for the purpose of multiprecision matrix computation, on the basis of the GNU MP and MPFR libraries. It provides an easy-to-use syntax and convenient functions for matrix manipulations including those often used in numerical simulations in quantum physics. Its extension library, ZKCM_QC, is developed for simulating quantum computing using the time-dependent matrix-product-state simulation method. This paper gives an introduction about the libraries with practical sample programs.
Applications of matrix derivatives to optimization problems in statistical pattern recognition
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Morrell, J. S.
1975-01-01
A necessary condition for a real valued Frechet differentiable function of a vector variable have an extremum at a vector x sub 0 is that the Frechet derivative vanishes at x sub 0. A relationship between Frechet differentials and matrix derivatives was established that obtains a necessary condition on the matrix derivative at an extrema. These results are applied to various scalar functions of matrix variables which occur in statistical pattern recognition.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Mohammadi, Teymoor
For high temperature applications two novel ceramic-matrix composite (CMC) materials are manufactured, by embedding molybdenum (Mo) and Hastelloy X (HX) wire meshes in 7YSZ ceramic. The mechanical properties and oxidizing behaviour at 1050°C were investigated. The designs, fabrication, assessment of the mechanical strength, cyclic and isothermal oxidation of the CMCs are described in this thesis. After manufacturing meshes, NiCrA1Y bond coats and 7YSZ were applied via plasma spraying. Bonding strength in some CMC samples are improved by vacuum heat treating, then as-sprayed and heat treated CMCs are subjected to three-point bend and impact tests. Mo and HX wire mesh incorporation in 7YSZ increase the strength and the elongation to failure. In particular, Mo wire increases yield load of 7YSZ by at least 3 times and HX wire increases yield by 9 times. Mo/7YSZ CMC degrades and oxidizes after 330 hours at 1050°C tests, but HX/7YSZ shows higher oxidation resistance. The metallographic analysis shows NiCrA1Y bond coat cracks and delaminates from the wires during isothermal tests. Cyclic test, creating larger thermal stresses, worsens the damage. To increase the oxidation and mechanical properties of these composites, a more effective ceramic coating method is recommended. Overall, the advantages of HX/7YSZ composite suggest further testing and investigation.
An application of the Design Structure Matrix to Integrated Concurrent Engineering
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Avnet, Mark S.; Weigel, Annalisa L.
2010-03-01
This paper demonstrates an application of the Design Structure Matrix (DSM) to Integrated Concurrent Engineering (ICE), an approach to conceptual space systems design intended to increase the pace of work by bringing together all relevant personnel in the same room to conduct focused, collaborative one-week design studies. Although the DSM methodology explicitly incorporates the concurrent aspects of engineering design, it has not been applied formally to an integrated, rapid design environment such as ICE. In this paper, a DSM consisting of 172 design parameters and 682 dependencies is constructed to represent the typical process employed at the Mission Design Laboratory (MDL), an ICE facility at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). Analysis of the DSM reveals an optimal sequencing among five phases of the ICE design process, the interdependent disciplines in the design team, and a set of starting assumptions that can be made at the outset of the work to facilitate a more structured approach to the highly complex and iterative process of space systems design.
Algorithms and Application of Sparse Matrix Assembly and Equation Solvers for Aeroacoustics
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Watson, W. R.; Nguyen, D. T.; Reddy, C. J.; Vatsa, V. N.; Tang, W. H.
2001-01-01
An algorithm for symmetric sparse equation solutions on an unstructured grid is described. Efficient, sequential sparse algorithms for degree-of-freedom reordering, supernodes, symbolic/numerical factorization, and forward backward solution phases are reviewed. Three sparse algorithms for the generation and assembly of symmetric systems of matrix equations are presented. The accuracy and numerical performance of the sequential version of the sparse algorithms are evaluated over the frequency range of interest in a three-dimensional aeroacoustics application. Results show that the solver solutions are accurate using a discretization of 12 points per wavelength. Results also show that the first assembly algorithm is impractical for high-frequency noise calculations. The second and third assembly algorithms have nearly equal performance at low values of source frequencies, but at higher values of source frequencies the third algorithm saves CPU time and RAM. The CPU time and the RAM required by the second and third assembly algorithms are two orders of magnitude smaller than that required by the sparse equation solver. A sequential version of these sparse algorithms can, therefore, be conveniently incorporated into a substructuring for domain decomposition formulation to achieve parallel computation, where different substructures are handles by different parallel processors.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Bakuckas, J. G., Jr.; Johnson, W. S.
1992-01-01
Several fiber bridging models were reviewed and applied to study the matrix fatigue crack growth behavior in center notched (0)(sub 8) SCS-6/Ti-15-3 and (0)(sub 4) SCS-6/Ti-6Al-4V laminates. Observations revealed that fatigue damage consisted primarily of matrix cracks and fiber matrix interfacial failure in the (0)(sub 8) SCS-6/Ti-15-3 laminates. Fiber-matrix interface failure included fracture of the brittle reaction zone and cracking between the two carbon rich fiber coatings. Intact fibers in the wake of the matrix cracks reduce the stress intensity factor range. Thus, an applied stress intensity factor range is inappropriate to characterize matrix crack growth behavior. Fiber bridging models were used to determine the matrix stress intensity factor range in titanium metal matrix composites. In these models, the fibers in the wake of the crack are idealized as a closure pressure. An unknown constant frictional shear stress is assumed to act along the debond or slip length of the bridging fibers. The frictional shear stress was used as a curve fitting parameter to available data (crack growth data, crack opening displacement data, and debond length data). Large variations in the frictional shear stress required to fit the experimental data indicate that the fiber bridging models in their present form lack predictive capabilities. However, these models provide an efficient and relatively simple engineering method for conducting parametric studies of the matrix growth behavior based on constituent properties.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Zhang, Ruiping; Li, Dongsheng
2011-10-01
Conventional PCA usually uses total scatter matrix as a generation matrix, and two dimension image matrices must be transformed into vectors. In this paper, the between-class matrix generated by original image and its eigenvectors were used to feature extracting. First we compressed the image in horizon direction using 2DPCA, then we compressed the feature matrix in vertical direction. Thus, the dimension of features is lesser and the speed of classification is faster. At the same time the category information is fully used and the recognition rate are improved.
Novel Vibration Damping of Ceramic Matrix Composite Turbine Blades Developed for RLV Applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Min, James B.
2000-01-01
The Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV) represents the next generation of space transportation for the U.S. space program. The goal for this vehicle is to lower launch costs by an order of magnitude from $10,000/lb to $1,000/lb. Such a large cost reduction will require a highly efficient operation, which naturally will require highly efficient engines. The RS-2200 Linear Aerospike Engine is being considered as the main powerplant for the RLV. Strong, lightweight, temperature-resistant ceramic matrix composite (CMC) materials such as C/SiC are critical to the development of the RS-2200. Preliminary engine designs subject turbopump components to extremely high frequency dynamic excitation, and ceramic matrix composite materials are typically lightly damped, making them vulnerable to high-cycle fatigue. The combination of low damping and high-frequency excitation creates the need for enhanced damping. Thus, the goal of this project has been to develop well-damped C/SiC turbine components for use in the RLV. Foster-Miller and Boeing Rocketdyne have been using an innovative, low-cost process to develop light, strong, highly damped turbopump components for the RS-2200 under NASA s Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program. The NASA Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field is managing this work. The process combines three-dimensionally braided fiber reinforcement with a pre-ceramic polymer. The three-dimensional reinforcement significantly improves the structure over conventional two-dimensional laminates, including high through-the-thickness strength and stiffness. Phase I of the project successfully applied the Foster-Miller pre-ceramic polymer infiltration and pyrolysis (PIP) process to the manufacture of dynamic specimens representative of engine components. An important aspect of the program has been the development of the manufacturing process. Results show that the three-dimensionally braided carbon-fiber reinforcement provides good processability and good mechanical stiffness and strength in comparison to materials produced with competing processes as shown in the graphs.
Particulate Titanium Matrix Composites Tested--Show Promise for Space Propulsion Applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Lerch, Bradley A.; Ellis, J. Rodney; Arnold. Steven M.
2004-01-01
Uniformly distributed particle-strengthened titanium matrix composites (TMCs) can be manufactured at lower cost than many types of continuous-fiber composites. The innovative manufacturing technology combines cold and hot isostatic pressing procedures to produce near-final-shape components. Material stiffness is increased up to 26-percent greater than that of components made with conventional titanium materials at no significant increase in the weight. The improved mechanical performance and low-cost manufacturing capability motivated an independent review to assess the improved properties of ceramic titanium carbide (TiC) particulate-reinforced titanium at elevated temperature. Researchers at the NASA Glenn Research Center creatively designed and executed deformation and durability tests to reveal operating regimes where these materials could lower the cost and weight of space propulsion systems. The program compares the elevated-temperature performance of titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V matrix material to an alloy containing 10 wt% of TiC particles. Initial experiments showed that at these relatively low particle concentrations the material stiffness of the TMC was improved 20 percent over that of the plain Ti-6Al-4V alloy when tested at 427 C. The proportional limit and ultimate strength of the composite in tension are 21- and 14-percent greater than those of the plain alloy. Compression tests showed that the proportional limit is about 30 percent greater for TMC than for the plain alloy. The enhanced deformation resistance of the TMC was also evident in a series of tensile and compressive stress relaxation tests that were made. Specimens were subjected to tensile or compressive strain amplitudes of 0.75 percent for 24 hr followed by a return to zero strain imposed for 24 hr. The stress relaxation data were normalized with respect to the maximum stress for each case and plotted as a function of time in the following graph. Tensile stresses relaxed 19 percent for the TMC and 25 percent for the plain Ti-6Al-4V alloy. Compressive stresses relaxed 25 percent for the TMC and 39 percent for the plain Ti-6Al-4V alloy. The superior deformation resistance of the TMC extends to a creep rate that is 28-percent slower for the TMC when it is loaded to stress levels that are 26-percent higher than for the plain Ti-6Al-4V alloy.
Hua Zhang; Qinqin Li; Yinde Zhao; Xiaoyu Ni
2011-01-01
As an advanced management mode with budget as an instrument, comprehensive budget management is widely applied abroad. However, its application in China is faced with many problems, and its further application is thus greatly hindered. As a new method of cost management, operation management is formed based on operation cost and its key lies in operation analysis. Comprehensive budget management
Kim, Se-Kwon; Thomas, Noel Vinay; Li, Xifeng
2011-01-01
Metalloproteinases especially matrix metalloproteinases are a group of endopeptidases that contribute for the extracellular matrix degradation, and several tissue remodeling processes. Improper regulation of these endopeptidases could lead to several severe pathological problems that include cardiac, cartilage, and cancer-related diseases. Until now, many synthetic matrix metalloproteinase inhibitory substances (MMPIs) have been reported; however, many of them could not make to the final clinical trials. Hence, the emphasis on screening of MMPIs from different natural resources has gained much importance and marine resources are one among them. As marine organisms have been contributing with several biologically active compounds that have profound applications in nutraceuticals, cosmeceuticals, and pharmaceuticals; in this chapter, an attempt has been made to discuss the various MMPIs from edible seaweeds, which could be considered as medicinal foods. PMID:22054943
Yuan, Jie; Long, Xingwu; Chen, Meixiong
2011-03-28
To the best of our knowledge, the generalized ray matrix, an augmented 5×5 ray matrix for a spherical mirror reflection with all the possible perturbation sources including three kinds of displacements and its detailed deducing process have been proposed in this paper for the first time. Square ring resonators and monolithic triaxial ring resonators have been chosen as examples to show its application, and some novel results of the optical-axis perturbation have been obtained. A novel method to eliminate the diaphragm mismatching error and the gain capillary mismatching error in monolithic triaxial ring resonators more effectively has also been proposed. Both those results and method have been confirmed by related experiments and the experimental results have been described with diagrammatic representation. This generalized ray matrix is valuable for ray analysis of various kinds of resonators. These results are important for the cavity design, cavity improvement and alignment of high accuracy and super high accuracy ring laser gyroscopes. PMID:21451703
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hanson, J. Robert
Matrix organization focuses on the shift from cost center or process input planning to product output or results planning. Matrix organization puts the personnel and the resources where they are needed to get the job done. This management efficiency is brought about by dividing all organizational activities into two areas: (1) input or maintenance…
A Delphi–matrix approach to SEA and its application within the tourism sector in Taiwan
Nae-Wen Kuo; Teng-Yuan Hsiao; Yue-Hwa Yu
2005-01-01
Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) is a procedural tool and within the framework of SEA, several different types of analytical methods can be used in the assessment. However, the impact matrix used currently in Taiwan has some disadvantages. Hence, a Delphi–matrix approach to SEA is proposed here to improve the performance of Taiwan's SEA. This new approach is based on the
Application of the Finite-Element Z-Matrix Method to e-H2 Collisions
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Huo, Winifred M.; Brown, David; Langhoff, Stephen R. (Technical Monitor)
1997-01-01
The present study adapts the Z-matrix formulation using a mixed basis of finite elements and Gaussians. This is a energy-independent basis which allows flexible boundary conditions and is amenable to efficient algorithms for evaluating the necessary matrix elements with molecular targets.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wu, Hsiao-Wen
In the present research, the Shift Operator Matrix (SOM) method is extended to a three dimensional, 2 x M x infinity cubic-cell Ising model. Different kinds of spin particles are located on this lattice. Particles of one type are located in the upper layer while particles of the second type are located in the lower layer. In an attempt to simulate the recent SMOKE experiments and theoretical Monte Carlo simulations, the upper layer is not fully occupied (the coverage varies from 0 to 1), while the lower layer is fully occupied. An exact numerical method (without the use of numerical approximations to calculate derivatives) is used to evaluate thermodynamic quantities such as the coverage, magnetization, and heat capacity. Different adjustable parameters enable us to discuss and analyze the thermodynamic properties of a two-layer system and their dependence on such factors as spin-spin coupling. By proper choice of the model's parameters the system can be reduced to a classical two-dimensional Ising model, which can be used for computational comparison. Results of considering 25 different parameter combinations show that there are eight cases whose Curie temperature vs. thickness relationship better fit the experimental SMOKE results than do the Monte Carlo simulations. The heat capacity and magnetization of this two-layer system are discussed and analyzed for various parameter choices and are shown to be consistent with real physical systems. It is shown that the two-layer system also possesses a critical reduced chemical potential. The dependence of this critical chemical potential on system parameters is also investigated.
Moore, Beverley A.; Manthey, Carl L.; Johnson, Dana L.; Bauer, Anthony J.
2011-01-01
Background & Aims Matrix metalloprotease (MMP)-9, a member of the gelatinase family of MMPs, mediates leukocyte migration during inflammation. Inflammation contributes to development of post-operative ileus (POI), which is caused by physical disturbances to the bowel during abdominal surgery. We evaluated the role of MMP-9 in POI and investigated whether disruption of MMP-9 or administration of an inhibitor of MMP-9 activity reduced cellular inflammation and bowel dysmotility in rat and mouse models of POI. Methods Mice and rats underwent laparotomy and bowel manipulation; bowel tissues were collected 3–24 hr later and analyzed by real time reverse transcriptase PCR, immunoblot, in situ zymography, and functional analyses. Results Bowel manipulation resulted in a time-dependent increase in MMP-9 expression within the intestinal muscularis; increases in MMP-9 mRNA were iNOS-dependent. Immunoblot analyses confirmed the presence of the pro-enzyme and the catalytically active form of MMP-9. Administration of MMP-2/MMP-9 II, a dual active-site inhibitor, reduced the number of myeloperoxidase-positive immune cells that infiltrated the muscularis and prevented the surgically induced reduction in bowel smooth muscle contractility. Zymography analysis, performed in muscularis whole mounts in situ, indicated that MMP-9 and not MMP-2 mediated the gelatinase activity observed in infiltrating cells. MMP-9 knockout mice were protected from the inflammation and dysmotility associated with POI. Conclusions MMP-9 mediates cellular inflammatory responses within the intestinal muscularis in mouse and rat models of POI. Inhibition of MMP-9 activity reduced recruitment of immune cells to the intestinal muscularis, preventing loss of smooth muscle contractility. Induction of MMP-9 expression requires iNOS. PMID:21703213
Comparison of two matrix data structures for advanced CSM testbed applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Regelbrugge, M. E.; Brogan, F. A.; Nour-Omid, B.; Rankin, C. C.; Wright, M. A.
1989-01-01
The first section describes data storage schemes presently used by the Computational Structural Mechanics (CSM) testbed sparse matrix facilities and similar skyline (profile) matrix facilities. The second section contains a discussion of certain features required for the implementation of particular advanced CSM algorithms, and how these features might be incorporated into the data storage schemes described previously. The third section presents recommendations, based on the discussions of the prior sections, for directing future CSM testbed development to provide necessary matrix facilities for advanced algorithm implementation and use. The objective is to lend insight into the matrix structures discussed and to help explain the process of evaluating alternative matrix data structures and utilities for subsequent use in the CSM testbed.
CAD application to power plant design, construction and operation
Pandya, J.M.; Marinkovich, P.S.; Mysore, R.K.
1982-05-01
The nuclear industry, beset with increasing costs of constructing new nuclear plants, needs new initiatives. One, recently developed, is the use of CAD-IGS techniques that are proven beneficial in reducing the construction costs. This methodology had been used successfully in aerospace and automotive industries for many years. Westinghouse CAD-IGS experience with an overseas nuclear plant, now under construction, demonstrates this to be an effective tool for design verification and project management with excellent capabilities for application to new designs and operating plant support. This is accomplished through the CAD plant model and associated data base, which results in reducing human error, more complete preengineering before the start of construction and effective space utilization. Furthermore, the data base accurately represents the as-built plant, which is essential for expediting future plant upgrades. Computer-based modeling is less expensive than the conventional scale modeling and the current technology developments viz. optical scanners, photogrammetry, IGES, and advanced minicomputers will favorably improve the cost-effectiveness.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Min, James B.; Harris, Donald L.; Ting, J. M.
2011-01-01
For advanced aerospace propulsion systems, development of ceramic matrix composite integrally-bladed turbine disk technology is attractive for a number of reasons. The high strength-to-weight ratio of ceramic composites helps to reduce engine weight and the one-piece construction of a blisk will result in fewer parts count, which should translate into reduced operational costs. One shortcoming with blisk construction, however, is that blisks may be prone to high cycle fatigue due to their structural response to high vibration environments. Use of ceramic composites is expected to provide some internal damping to reduce the vibratory stresses encountered due to unsteady flow loads through the bladed turbine regions. A goal of our research was to characterize the vibration viscous damping behavior of C/SiC composites. The vibration damping properties were measured and calculated. Damping appeared to decrease with an increase in the natural frequency. While the critical damping amount of approximately 2% is required for typical aerospace turbomachinery engines, the C/SiC damping at high frequencies was less than 0.2% from our study. The advanced high-performance aerospace propulsion systems almost certainly will require even more damping than what current vehicles require. A purpose of this paper is to review some work on C/SiC vibration damping by the authors for the NASA CMC turbine blisk development program and address an importance of the further investigation of the blade vibration damping characteristics on candidate CMC materials for the NASA s advanced aerospace turbomachinery engine systems.
Ryo Nagase; Akira Himeno; Masayuki Okuno; Kuniharu Kato; Ken-Ichi Yukimatsu; Masao Kawachi
1994-01-01
A compact, low-crosstalk 8×8 optical matrix switch module has been developed. A thermooptic switch chip and driving circuits with TTL interfaces are integrated on a 100-mm2 ceramic substrate. It achieved a low insertion loss of 10.0 dB, a low crosstalk level of -25.9 dB, and had excellent stability in practical operation. A photonic intermodule connector for electronic switching systems in
14 CFR 119.36 - Additional certificate application requirements for commercial operators.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-01-01
14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01...application requirements for commercial operators. 119.36 Section 119.36 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION...CERTIFICATION: AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS...
14 CFR 119.36 - Additional certificate application requirements for commercial operators.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-01-01
14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01...application requirements for commercial operators. 119.36 Section 119.36 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION...CERTIFICATION: AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS...
14 CFR 119.36 - Additional certificate application requirements for commercial operators.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-01-01
14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01...application requirements for commercial operators. 119.36 Section 119.36 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION...CERTIFICATION: AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS...
14 CFR 119.36 - Additional certificate application requirements for commercial operators.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-01-01
14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01...application requirements for commercial operators. 119.36 Section 119.36 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION...CERTIFICATION: AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS...
14 CFR 119.36 - Additional certificate application requirements for commercial operators.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-01-01
14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01...application requirements for commercial operators. 119.36 Section 119.36 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION...CERTIFICATION: AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS...
Hybrid matrix fiber composites
Deteresa, Steven J.; Lyon, Richard E.; Groves, Scott E.
2003-07-15
Hybrid matrix fiber composites having enhanced compressive performance as well as enhanced stiffness, toughness and durability suitable for compression-critical applications. The methods for producing the fiber composites using matrix hybridization. The hybrid matrix fiber composites include two chemically or physically bonded matrix materials, whereas the first matrix materials are used to impregnate multi-filament fibers formed into ribbons and the second matrix material is placed around and between the fiber ribbons that are impregnated with the first matrix material and both matrix materials are cured and solidified.
27 CFR 71.49a - Applications for operating permits and industrial use permits.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-04-01
...PRACTICES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PERMIT PROCEEDINGS Grounds for Citation § 71.49a Applications for operating permits and industrial...are not adequate to protect the revenue; He may issue a citation for the contemplated disapproval of the application....
Bartolucci, F; Pennoni, F
2012-01-01
We derive the observed information matrix of hidden Markov models by the application of the Oakes (1999)'s identity. The method only requires the first derivative of the forward-backward recursions of Baum and Welch (1970), instead of the second derivative of the forward recursion, which is required within the approach of Lystig and Hughes (2002). The method is illustrated by an example based on the analysis of a longitudinal dataset which is well known in sociology.
Caliskan; Hajiyev
2000-01-01
In this paper, the algorithms verifying the covariance matrix of the Kalman filter innovation sequence are compared with respect to detected minimum fault rate and detection time. Four algorithms are dealt with; the algorithm verifying the trace of the covariance matrix of the innovation sequence, the algorithm verifying the sum of all elements of the inverse covariance matrix of the innovation sequence, the optimal algorithm verifying the ratio of two quadratic forms of which matrices are theoretic and selected covariance matrices of Kalman filter innovation sequence, and the algorithm verifying the generalized variance of the covariance matrix of the innovation sequence. The algorithms are implemented for longitudinal dynamics of an aircraft to detect sensor faults, and some suggestions are given on the use of the algorithms in flight control systems. PMID:10826285
R. J. Collighan; M. Griffin
2009-01-01
This review summarises the functions of the enzyme tissue transglutaminase (TG2) in the extracellular matrix (ECM) both as\\u000a a matrix stabiliser through its protein cross-linking activity and as an important cell adhesion protein involved in cell\\u000a survival. The contribution of extracellular TG2 to the pathology of important diseases such as cancer and fibrosis are discussed\\u000a with a view to the
Mazumdar, Atmadeep; Sen, Krishna Nirmalya; Lahiri, Balendra Nath
2007-01-01
The Haddon matrix is a potential tool for recognizing hazards in any operating engineering system. This paper presents a case study of operational hazards at a large construction site. The fish bone structure helps to visualize and relate the chain of events, which led to the failure of the system. The two-tier Haddon matrix approach helps to analyze the problem and subsequently prescribes preventive steps. The cybernetic approach has been undertaken to establish the relationship among event variables and to identify the ones with most potential. Those event variables in this case study, based on the cybernetic concepts like control responsiveness and controllability salience, are (a) uncontrolled swing of sheet contributing to energy, (b) slippage of sheet from anchor, (c) restricted longitudinal and transverse swing or rotation about the suspension, (d) guilt or uncertainty of the crane driver, (e) safe working practices and environment. PMID:17362658
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Varney, Philip; Green, Itzhak
2014-11-01
Numerous methods are available to calculate rotordynamic whirl frequencies, including analytic methods, finite element analysis, and the transfer matrix method. The typical real-valued transfer matrix (RTM) suffers from several deficiencies, including lengthy computation times and the inability to distinguish forward and backward whirl. Though application of complex coordinates in rotordynamic analysis is not novel per se, specific advantages gained from using such coordinates in a transfer matrix analysis have yet to be elucidated. The present work employs a complex coordinate redefinition of the transfer matrix to obtain reduced forms of the elemental transfer matrices in inertial and rotating reference frames, including external stiffness and damping. Application of the complex-valued state variable redefinition results in a reduction of the 8×8 RTM to the 4×4 Complex Transfer Matrix (CTM). The CTM is advantageous in that it intrinsically separates forward and backward whirl, eases symbolic manipulation by halving the transfer matrices’ dimension, and provides significant improvement in computation time. A symbolic analysis is performed on a simple overhung rotor to demonstrate the mathematical motivation for whirl frequency separation. The CTM's utility is further shown by analyzing a rotordynamic system supported by viscoelastic elastomer rings. Viscoelastic elastomer ring supports can provide significant damping while reducing the cost and complexity associated with conventional components such as squeeze film dampers. The stiffness and damping of a viscoelastic damper ring are determined herein as a function of whirl frequency using the viscoelastic correspondence principle and a constitutive fractional calculus viscoelasticity model. The CTM is then employed to obtain the characteristic equation, where the whirl frequency dependent stiffness and damping of the elastomer supports are included. The Campbell diagram is shown, demonstrating the CTM's ability to intrinsically separate synchronous whirl direction for a non-trivial rotordynamic system. Good agreement is found between the CTM results and previously obtained analytic and experimental results for the elastomer ring supported rotordynamic system.
A mobile App for military operational entomology pesticide applications
Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)
Multiple field studies conducted for the Deployed War Fighter Protection (DWFP) research program have generated over 80 specific guidance points for innovative combinations of pesticide application equipment, pesticide formulations, and application techniques for aerosol and residual pesticide treat...
Li, Xiangrong; Li, Dafa
2012-05-01
We solve the entanglement classification under stochastic local operations and classical communication (SLOCC) for general n-qubit states. For two arbitrary pure n-qubit states connected via local operations, we establish an equation between the two coefficient matrices associated with the states. The rank of the coefficient matrix is preserved under SLOCC and gives rise to a simple way of partitioning all the pure states of n qubits into different families of entanglement classes, as exemplified here. When applied to the symmetric states, this approach reveals that all the Dicke states |?,n> with ?=1,…,[n/2] are inequivalent under SLOCC. PMID:22681051
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-10-01
...2013-10-01 false Application requirements for earth stations operating with non-U.S. licensed...COMMUNICATIONS Applications and Licenses Earth Stations § 25.137 Application requirements for earth stations operating with non-U.S....
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-10-01
...2014-10-01 false Application requirements for earth stations operating with non-U.S. licensed...COMMUNICATIONS Applications and Licenses Earth Stations § 25.137 Application requirements for earth stations operating with non-U.S....
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-10-01
...2010-10-01 false Application requirements for earth stations operating with non-U.S. licensed...COMMUNICATIONS Applications and Licenses Earth Stations § 25.137 Application requirements for earth stations operating with non-U.S....
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-10-01
...2011-10-01 false Application requirements for earth stations operating with non-U.S. licensed...COMMUNICATIONS Applications and Licenses Earth Stations § 25.137 Application requirements for earth stations operating with non-U.S....
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-10-01
...2012-10-01 false Application requirements for earth stations operating with non-U.S. licensed...COMMUNICATIONS Applications and Licenses Earth Stations § 25.137 Application requirements for earth stations operating with non-U.S....
Optimising operation of a biological wastewater treatment application
R. B. Murphy; B. R. Young; V. Kecman
2009-01-01
The objective of this work was to optimize (minimize) the compressed air required to control the rate of ammonia removal in a commercially operated wastewater bioreactor, while still maintaining operation within environmental consent limits. In order to do this, a nonlinear dynamic model based on the International Association on Water Quality (IAWQ) activated sludge model No. 3 was developed, expressing
JON A. TURNER; ROBERT A. KARASEK JR
1984-01-01
Evidence is reviewed that the operating characteristics of computer application systems, in addition to physical characteristics of display units (CRTs), are the cause of many observed effects on operator health and task effectiveness. These effects are hypothesized to occur through changes in task structure, and the man-machine redivision of labour that results when computer application systems are introduced into work
RoboCon: Operator interface for robotic applications
Schempf, H.; Warwick, J.; Fung, M.; Chemel, B.; Blackwell, M.
1996-12-31
Carnegie Mellon U. and ORNL`s Robotics and Process Systems Division are developing a state-of-the-art robot operator control station (RoboCon) with standardized hardware and software control interfaces to be adaptable to a variety of remote and robotic equipment currently funded by DOE`s Office of Science & Technology Robotics Technology Development Program. The human operation and telerobotic and supervisory control of sophisticated and remote and robotic systems is a complex, tiring, and non-intuitive activity. Since decontamination & decommissioning, selective equipment removal, mixed waste operations, and in-tank cleanup are going to be a major future activity in DOE environmental restoration and waste management cleanup agenda, it seems necessary to utilize an operator control station and interface which maximizes operator comfort and productivity.
A mobile app for military operational entomology pesticide applications.
Britch, Seth C; Linthicum, Kenneth J; Aldridge, Robert L; Yans, Matthew W; Hill, David W; Obenauer, Peter J; Hoffman, Eric R
2014-09-01
Multiple field studies conducted for the Deployed War-Fighter Protection (DWFP) research program have generated more than 80 specific guidance points for innovative combinations of pesticide application equipment, pesticide formulations, and application techniques for aerosol and residual pesticide treatments in 6 ecological regions against a range of mosquito, sand fly, and filth fly nuisance and disease-vector threats. To synthesize and operationalize these DWFP field and laboratory efficacy data we developed an interactive iOS and Android mobile software application, the Pesticide App, consisting of specific pesticide application guidance organized by environment and target insect vector species. PMID:25843102
The matrix coalescent and an application to human single-nucleotide polymorphisms.
Wooding, Stephen; Rogers, Alan
2002-01-01
The "matrix coalescent" is a reformulation of the familiar coalescent process of population genetics. It ignores the topology of the gene tree and treats the coalescent as a Markov process describing the decay in the number of ancestors of a sample of genes as one proceeds backward in time. The matrix formulation of this process is convenient when the population changes in size, because such changes affect only the eigenvalues of the transition matrix, not the eigenvectors. The model is used here to calculate the expectation of the site frequency spectrum under various assumptions about population history. To illustrate how this method can be used with data, we then use it in conjunction with a set of SNPs to test hypotheses about the history of human population size. PMID:12196407
Department of Defense operational applications of wind measurements
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Ramsay, Allan C.
1985-01-01
A stated objective for this symposium is to identify requirements for global wind measurements. This paper will draw from recent reports which considered the impact of over 100 environmental factors known to affect military operations. A conclusion that can be drawn from those analyses is that one environmental factor, atmospheric wind, has an operational impact on each of the 48 mission areas examined. This paper will characterize the impact of wind on the various mission areas and will define and summarize both 'technical' and 'operational' requirements for wind intelligence.
The application of image enhancement techniques to remote manipulator operation
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Gonzalez, R. C.
1974-01-01
Methods of image enhancement which can be used by an operator who is not experienced with the mechanisms of enhancement to obtain satisfactory results were designed and implemented. Investigation of transformations which operate directly on the image domain resulted in a new technique of contrast enhancement. Transformations on the Fourier transform of the original image, including such techniques as homomorphic filtering, were also investigated. The methods of communication between the enhancement system and the computer operator were analyzed, and a language was developed for use in image enhancement. A working enhancement system was then created, and is included.
The business model of internet application services for telecommunications operators
Lin Peishan; Muhammad Khalil Shahid; Tang Shoulian
2007-01-01
This paper discusses the business model of Internet application services through dividing the application services into four categories: content-based business, information-based business, advertisement business, and product transaction business. This paper tries to analyze the business model from the perspective of value chain, especially focusing on cooperation relationship. The analysis of this paper is about four major businesses of the Internet
SPECTRAL ESTIMATES FOR RUELLE TRANSFER OPERATORS WITH TWO PARAMETERS AND APPLICATIONS
Petkov, Vesselin
SPECTRAL ESTIMATES FOR RUELLE TRANSFER OPERATORS WITH TWO PARAMETERS AND APPLICATIONS VESSELIN M and a basic set for t we consider the Ruelle transfer operator Lf-s+zg, where f and g are real assumptions about t we establish estimates for the iterations of this Ruelle operator in the spirit
30 CFR 778.11 - Providing applicant and operator information.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-07-01
...Taxpayer identification numbers for you and your operator...address, and telephone number for— (1) The...Director. (5) Person performing a function similar...address, and telephone number. (2) The person's position title and...
Data-driven optimization and analytics for operations management applications
Uichanco, Joline Ann Villaranda
2013-01-01
In this thesis, we study data-driven decision making in operation management contexts, with a focus on both theoretical and practical aspects. The first part of the thesis analyzes the well-known newsvendor model but under ...
C. Gu; P. Yeh
1999-01-01
We describe an extended Jones matrix method which is a powerful tool to treat the transmission of light through birefringent networks, where the incident angle of light and the optical axis of the birefringent media are arbitrary. The method is generalized to cover all dielectric media including uniaxial and biaxial crystals and gyrotropic materials that exhibit optical rotatory power and
A 4 × 2 switch matrix in QFN24 package for 0.5–3 GHz application
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yuzhe, Liu; Pengfei, Mu; Renjie, Gong; Jing, Wan; Yulin, Zhang; Yuepeng, Yan
2014-12-01
This paper presents a 4 × 2 switching matrix implemented in the Win 0.5 ?m GaAs pseudomorphic high electron mobility transistor process, it covers the 0.5–3 GHz frequency range. The switch matrix is composed of 4 SPDT switch whose two output ports can simultaneously select the input port and a 4 to 8 bit digital decoder, both the radio frequency (RF) part and the digital part are integrated into one single chip. The chip is packaged in a low cost QFN24 plastic package. On chip shunt, capacitors at the input ports are taken to compensate for the bonding wire inductance effect. The designed switch matrix shows a good measured performance: the insertion loss is less than 5.5 dB, the isolation is no worse than 30 dB, the return loss of input ports and output ports is better than ?10 dB, the input 1 dB compression point is better than 25.6 dBm, and the OIP3 is better than 37 dBm. The chip size of the switch matrix is only 1.45 × 1.45 mm2.
Characterization of Zr-Fe-Cu Alloys for an Inert Matrix Fuel for Nuclear Energy Applications
Barnhart, Brian A.
2013-08-09
the metallurgical properties of the proposed matrix alloys. The groups of alloys were cast using a high temperature inert atmosphere furnace. The cast alloys showed the expected combination of phases with the exception of the ZrFe2 Laves phase which was predicted...
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Mishchenko, Michael I.; Travis, Larry D.; Mackowski, Daniel W.
2010-01-01
This note serves as a short introduction to the reprint of our article "T-matrix computations of light scattering by nonspherical particles: a review" (JQSRT 1996; 55:535:75). We first discuss the motivation for writing that article and explain its historical context. This is followed by a short overview of more recent developments.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Joshi, Nitin; Ojha, C. S. P.; Sharma, P. K.; Madramootoo, Chandra A.
2015-01-01
Nonequilibrium and nonlinear sorption of the contaminants in the fractured porous media could significantly influence the shape of the breakthrough curve (BTC). For the fracture-matrix system, there are very few studies which consider these processes. In this study, the nonequilibrium fracture-matrix model with two different nonlinear sorption isotherms, namely nonlinear Freundlich and Langmuir sorption isotherms were developed. The effect of sorption nonlinearity and nonequilibrium conditions on the shape of the BTC was studied using the temporal moments. The developed models along with the linear equilibrium, linear nonequilibrium fracture matrix models, and the multirate mass transfer model were used to simulate the BTC, which were compared with the experimental data available in the literature. Both sorption nonequilibrium and nonlinearity were found to significantly influence the shape of the BTC. Presence of sorption nonlinearity reduces the solute spreading, whereas presence of nonequilibrium conditions increases the solute spreading. Considering the sorption nonequilibrium along with the sorption nonlinearity leads to an improved simulation of the BTC. The nonequilibrium nonlinear sorption models could simulate the extended BTC tailing resulting from sorption nonlinearity and rate-limited interaction in the fracture-matrix system.
Gas chromatography combined with matrix isolation infrared spectroscopy (GC/MI-IR) enables identification and quantification of components of complex mixtures by infrared spectroscopy at levels of a few nanograms. These levels are several orders of magnitude lower than those achi...
A Delphi-matrix approach to SEA and its application within the tourism sector in Taiwan
Kuo, N.-W. [Graduate Institute of Tourism and Health Science, National Taipei College of Nursing, Taiwan (China)]. E-mail: ibis@ntcn.edu.tw; Hsiao, T.-Y. [Department of Tourism Industry, Jin-Wen Institute of Technology, Taiwan (China); Yu, Y.-H. [Graduate Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taiwan (China)
2005-04-15
Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) is a procedural tool and within the framework of SEA, several different types of analytical methods can be used in the assessment. However, the impact matrix used currently in Taiwan has some disadvantages. Hence, a Delphi-matrix approach to SEA is proposed here to improve the performance of Taiwan's SEA. This new approach is based on the impact matrix combination with indicators of sustainability, and then the Delphi method is employed to collect experts' opinions. In addition, the assessment of National Floriculture Park Plan and Taiwan Flora 2008 Program is taken as an example to examine this new method. Although international exhibition is one of the important tourism (economic) activities, SEA is seldom about tourism sector. Finally, the Delphi-matrix approach to SEA for tourism development plan is established containing eight assessment topics and 26 corresponding categories. In summary, three major types of impacts: resources' usages, pollution emissions, and local cultures change are found. Resources' usages, such as water, electricity, and natural gas demand, are calculated on a per capita basis. Various forms of pollution resulting from this plan, such as air, water, soil, waste, and noise, are also identified.
Application of Perception-Promotion Matrix Model—The Case of Kaohsiung City
Huei-Ju Chen; Po-Ju Chen; Ming-Hung Wang
2012-01-01
While a substantial amount of destination image research has been performed, few researchers have explored image perception gaps between tourists and government promotions. This study examines the perception gap between blogs and destination marketing organizations (DMOs) promotions by introducing a four-quadrant diagnostic tool: the Perception-Promotion Matrix (PPM). This case study collected data from 168 domestic and 64 international blogs, and
Application of generalized matrix method to neutrons in magnetically non-collinear stratified media
N. K. Pleshanov; V. M. Pusenkov
1996-01-01
The generalized matrix method [1] has been applied to neutrons in magnetically non-collinear stratified media. The smoothness of transition of the magnetization from one domain to the other has been shown to be essential for transmission of neutrons through a Bloch wall. The problem of the scattering of neutrons at a crystal with a helical magnetic structure having distortions at
A Scalable Paradigm for E ectively-Dense Matrix Formulated Applications
Hawick, Ken
and partial di erential equations arising in sci- ence and engineering. For some of these the problem is most of problems in computational sci- ence and engineering which require formulation in full matrix form and which discretisation scheme to represent the geometry and to solve the ap- propriate equations. In this particular case
K. Ghedamsi; D. Aouzellag; E. M. Berkouk
2006-01-01
In order to meet power needs, taking into account economical and environmental factors, wind energy conversion is gradually gaining interest as a suitable source of renewable energy. In this paper, a grid connected wind power generation scheme using a doubly fed induction generator with a direct AC-AC matrix converter is proposed. The aims of this paper are: to model and
Not Available
1994-10-01
The bibliography contains citations concerning the use of polymer matrix composites in automotive body parts, structural frame members, and engine components. Design, manufacturing, and performance considerations are examined. The future of engineered plastics and their role in new products are reviewed. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)
Greenwood, John Edward; Dearman, Bronwyn Louise
2012-01-01
The objective of this study is to further investigate the NovoSorb™ biodegradable polyurethane in generating dermal scaffolds; to perform a pilot study comparing the previously used spun mat against a recently developed NovoSorb™ foam, ascertaining the optimum structure of the matrix; and to evaluate the successful matrix as an immediate adjunct to split skin grafting and as a temporizing matrix in a prospective six-pig study. A pilot study comparing a previously investigated form of the polymer (spun mat) against a new structural form, a foam, was performed. This was followed by a six-pig study of the foam matrix with three treatment arms-autologous split skin graft alone, polymer foam with immediate engraftment, and polymer foam with delayed engraftment. The foams allowed less wound contraction than the spun mats. The foam structure is less dense (cheaper to produce and having less degradation products). The material remained in situ despite clinical wound infection. Proof of concept was achieved in both treatment modalities in the main study. Split skin graft applied immediately over the polymer foam was able to engraft successfully. The result was "thicker" to pinch and "flush" with the skin surrounding the wound. There was no significant difference in the degree of wound contraction between the graft alone and the polymer plus immediate graft groups. Split skin graft also "took" when applied to the surface of a polymer that had been applied to a wound 11 days earlier, again with a thicker result, flush with the surrounding skin. Split skin grafts alone left a persisting depression. However, a significant degree of wound contraction (compared with the other two groups) was observed in the polymer plus delayed graft group. This has prompted further investigation into "sealing" the polymer foam with a membrane, to prevent evaporative water loss, when the foam is to be used as a biodegradable temporizing matrix. The studies indicate that the NovoSorb™ platform will allow the creation of two inexpensive dermal matrix products; an immediate scaffold to allow a thicker grafting result and a biodegradable temporizing matrix (BTM) for wound integration after burn debridement while donor sites become reharvestable. However, further modification on the BTM structure is necessary to further reduce wound contraction pregrafting. PMID:22079917
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Ledbetter, Kenneth W.
1991-01-01
The Magellan Venus radar mapping mission was NASA's first planetary launch in 11 years, heralding a successful return to unmanned planetary exploration. This paper first describes the spacecraft, its mission, and its Mission Operations System, including the remotely located spacecraft team. It then discusses how the flight team achieved mission success, in spite of the obstacles imposed by challenges from the spacecraft and its environment, which had to be resolved with the spacecraft team nearly 1000 miles distant from the rest of the flight team. Benefits of remotely distributed spacecraft operations are summarized and suggestions offered, based on Magellan experience, for future mission operations systems considering the use of distributed elements.
Development and Evaluation of Selected Mobility Applications for VII Concept of Operations
Steven E. Shladover; Xiao-Yun Lu; Delphine Cody
This report describes the concept of operations for the three mobility applications that PATH is developing and evaluating under the sponsorship of the FHWA Exploratory Advanced Research Program. These applications are intended to use DSRC wireless communications among vehicles and between vehicles and the roadway infrastructure to improve mobility on limited-access highways. The first application combines ramp metering with variable
J. Ablinger; J. Blümlein; S. Klein; C. Schneider; F. Wißbrock
2010-08-19
The contributions $\\propto n_f$ to the $O(\\alpha_s^3)$ massive operator matrix elements describing the heavy flavor Wilson coefficients in the limit $Q^2 \\gg m^2$ are computed for the structure function $F_2(x,Q^2)$ and transversity for general values of the Mellin variable $N$. Here, for two matrix elements, $A_{qq,Q}^{\\sf PS}(N)$ and $A_{qg,Q}(N)$, the complete result is obtained. A first independent computation of the contributions to the 3--loop anomalous dimensions $\\gamma_{qg}(N)$, $\\gamma_{qq}^{\\sf PS}(N$ and $\\gamma_{qq}^{\\sf NS,(TR)}(N)$ is given. In the computation advanced summation technologies for nested sums over products of hypergeometric terms with harmonic sums have been used. For intermediary results generalized harmonic sums occur, while the final results can be expressed by nested harmonic sums only.
Zirehpour, Alireza; Rahimpour, Ahmad; Jahanshahi, Mohsen; Peyravi, Majid
2014-01-01
Olive oil mill wastewater (OMW) is a concentrated effluent with a high organic load. It has high levels of organic chemical oxygen demand (COD) and phenolic compounds. This study presents a unique process to treat OMW. The process uses ultrafiltration (UF) membranes modified by a functionalized multi wall carbon nano-tube (F-MWCNT). The modified tube has an inner diameter of 15-30 nm and is added to the OMW treatment process to improve performance of the membrane. Tests were done to evaluate the following operating parameters of the UF system; pressure, pH and temperature; also evaluated parameters of permeate flux, flux decline, COD removal and total phenol rejection. The Taguchi robust design method was applied for an optimization evaluation of the experiments. Variance (ANOVA) analysis was used to determine the most significant parameters affecting permeate flux, flux decline, COD removal and total phenols rejection. Results demonstrated coagulation and pH as the most important factors affecting permeate flux of the UF. Moreover, pH and F-MWCNT UF had significant positive effects on flux decline, COD removal and total phenols rejection. Based on the optimum conditions determined by the Taguchi method, evaluations for permeate flux tests; flux decline, COD removal and total phenols rejection were about 21.2 (kg/m(2) h), 12.6%, 72.6% and 89.5%, respectively. These results were in good agreement with those predicted by the Taguchi method (i.e.; 22.8 (kg/m(2) h), 11.9%, 75.8 and 94.7%, respectively). Mechanical performance of the membrane and its application for high organic wastewater treatment were determined as strong. PMID:24291584
Finding Nonoverlapping Substructures of a Sparse Matrix
Pinar, Ali; Vassilevska, Virginia
2005-08-11
Many applications of scientific computing rely on computations on sparse matrices. The design of efficient implementations of sparse matrix kernels is crucial for the overall efficiency of these applications. Due to the high compute-to-memory ratio and irregular memory access patterns, the performance of sparse matrix kernels is often far away from the peak performance on a modern processor. Alternative data structures have been proposed, which split the original matrix A into A{sub d} and A{sub s}, so that A{sub d} contains all dense blocks of a specified size in the matrix, and A{sub s} contains the remaining entries. This enables the use of dense matrix kernels on the entries of A{sub d} producing better memory performance. In this work, we study the problem of finding a maximum number of nonoverlapping dense blocks in a sparse matrix, which is previously not studied in the sparse matrix community. We show that the maximum nonoverlapping dense blocks problem is NP-complete by using a reduction from the maximum independent set problem on cubic planar graphs. We also propose a 2/3-approximation algorithm that runs in linear time in the number of nonzeros in the matrix. This extended abstract focuses on our results for 2x2 dense blocks. However we show that our results can be generalized to arbitrary sized dense blocks, and many other oriented substructures, which can be exploited to improve the memory performance of sparse matrix operations.
Operator assistant systems - An experimental approach using a telerobotics application
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Boy, Guy A.; Mathe, Nathalie
1993-01-01
This article presents a knowledge-based system methodology for developing operator assistant (OA) systems in dynamic and interactive environments. This is a problem both of training and design, which is the subject of this article. Design includes both design of the system to be controlled and design of procedures for operating this system. A specific knowledge representation is proposed for representing the corresponding system and operational knowledge. This representation is based on the situation recognition and analytical reasoning paradigm. It tries to make explicit common factors involved in both human and machine intelligence, including perception and reasoning. An OA system based on this representation has been developed for space telerobotics. Simulations have been carried out with astronauts and the resulting protocols have been analyzed. Results show the relevance of the approach and have been used for improving the knowledge representation and the OA architecture.
Exokernel: An Operating System Architecture for Application-Level Resource Management
Dawson R. Engler; M. Frans Kaashoek; James O’toole
1995-01-01
We describe an operating system architecture that securely multiplexes machine resources while permitting an unprecedented degree of application-specific customization of traditional operating system abstractions. By abstracting physical hardware resources, traditional operating systems have significantly limited the performance, flexibility, and functionality of applications. The exokernel architecture removes these limitations by allowing untrusted software to implement traditional operating system abstractions entirely at application-level. We have implemented a prototype exokernel-based system that includes Aegis, an exokernel, and ExOS, an untrusted application-level operating system. Aegis defines the low-level interface to machine resources. Applications can allocate and use machine resources, efficiently handle events, and participate in resource revocation. Measurements show that most primitive Aegis operations are 10–100 times faster than Ultrix,a mature monolithic UNIX operating system. ExOS implements processes, virtual memory, and inter-process communication abstractions entirely within a library. Measurements show that ExOS’s application-level virtual memory and IPC primitives are 5–50 times faster than Ultrix’s primitives. These results demonstrate that the exokernel operating system design is practical and offers an excellent combination of performance and flexibility. 1
MIL-H-8501B: Application to shipboard terminal operations
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Cappetta, A. N.; Johns, J. B.
1993-01-01
The philosophy and structure of the proposed U.S. Military Specification for Handling Qualities Requirements for Military Rotorcraft, MIL-H-8501B, are presented with emphasis on shipboard terminal operations. The impact of current and future naval operational requirements on the selection of appropriate combinations of basic vehicle dynamics and usable cue environments are identified. An example 'walk through' of MIL-H-8501B is conducted from task identification to determination of stability and control requirements. For selected basic vehicle dynamics, criteria as a function of input/response magnitude are presented. Additionally, rotorcraft design development implications are discussed.
The Trigonometry of Matrix Statistics
Karl Gustafson
2006-01-01
A matrix trigonometry developed chiefly by this author during the past 40 years has interesting applications to certain situations in statistics. The key conceptual entity in this matrix trigonometry is the matrix (maximal) turning angle. Associated entities (originally so-named by this author) are the matrix antieigenvalues and corresponding antieigenvectors upon which the matrix obtains its critical turning angles. Because this
Matrix differentiation formulas
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Usikov, D. A.; Tkhabisimov, D. K.
1983-01-01
A compact differentiation technique (without using indexes) is developed for scalar functions that depend on complex matrix arguments which are combined by operations of complex conjugation, transposition, addition, multiplication, matrix inversion and taking the direct product. The differentiation apparatus is developed in order to simplify the solution of extremum problems of scalar functions of matrix arguments.
Application of T-matrix method in solving mixed boundary separable obstacle problem.
Ye, Xiuzhu; Song, Rencheng; Chen, Xudong
2014-06-30
The practical problem of imaging scatterers enclosed by separable obstacles with mixed boundary is addressed. Both the unknown scatterers and the known obstacle media can be mixture of dielectric and perfect electric conducting (PEC) materials. The scattering phenomenon of such problem is well modeled by T-matrix method. By usage of separable prior information, the obstacle media are treated as known scatterers rather than part of the background. The number of unknowns is thus reduced greatly. After recovering the profiles of scatterers by T-matrix method, a criterion is further provided to classify the PEC and dielectric scatterers. Various numerical examples are presented to show the effectiveness and good performance of the method. PMID:24977878
Heinstein, M.W. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Engineering Mechanics and Material Modeling Dept.
1997-10-01
A contact enforcement algorithm has been developed for matrix-free quasistatic finite element techniques. Matrix-free (iterative) solution algorithms such as nonlinear Conjugate Gradients (CG) and Dynamic Relaxation (DR) are distinctive in that the number of iterations required for convergence is typically of the same order as the number of degrees of freedom of the model. From iteration to iteration the contact normal and tangential forces vary significantly making contact constraint satisfaction tenuous. Furthermore, global determination and enforcement of the contact constraints every iteration could be questioned on the grounds of efficiency. This work addresses this situation by introducing an intermediate iteration for treating the active gap constraint and at the same time exactly (kinematically) enforcing the linearized gap rate constraint for both frictionless and frictional response.
Interpretation of Technical Illustrations for Airplane Maintenance and Operations Applications
Larry Baum; John Boose; Molly Boose; Ken Spietz; Dave Shema; Susan Chew
Modern commercial and military aircraft require extensive maintenance and operations documentation. Traditionally, this has been in the form of multiple paper (or microfiche) manuals encompassing millions of pages including hundreds of thousands of technical illustrations. Much of the critical information that the technician needs to perform his or her task is exclusively located in the illustrations, so that the majority
Application and Operation of Audiovisual Equipment in Education.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Pula, Fred John
Interest in audiovisual aids in education has been increased by the shortage of classrooms and good teachers and by the modern predisposition toward learning by visual concepts. Effective utilization of audiovisual materials and equipment depends most importantly, on adequate preparation of the teacher in operating equipment and in coordinating…
Operational excellence (six sigma) philosophy: Application to software quality assurance
Lackner, M.
1997-11-01
This report contains viewgraphs on operational excellence philosophy of six sigma applied to software quality assurance. This report outlines the following: goal of six sigma; six sigma tools; manufacturing vs administrative processes; Software quality assurance document inspections; map software quality assurance requirements document; failure mode effects analysis for requirements document; measuring the right response variables; and questions.
The application of NAVSTAR Differential GPS to civil helicopter operations
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Beser, J.; Parkinson, B. W.
1981-01-01
Principles concerning the operation of the NAVSTAR Global Positioning Systems (GPS) are discussed. Selective availability issues concerning NAVSTAR GPS and differential GPS concepts are analyzed. Civil support and market potential for differential GPS are outlined. It is concluded that differential GPS provides a variation on the baseline GPS system, and gives an assured, uninterrupted level of accuracy for the civilian community.
Superelement methods applications to micromechanics of high temperature metal matrix composites
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Caruso, J. J.; Chamis, C. C.
1988-01-01
Adaptation of the superelement finite-element method for micromechanics of continuous fiber high temperature metal matrix composites (HT-MMC) is described. The method is used to predict the thermomechanical behavior of P100-graphite/copper composites using MSC/NASTRAN and it is also used to validate those predicted by using an in-house computer program designed to perform micromechanics for HT-MMC. Typical results presented in the paper include unidirectional composite thermal properties, mechanical properties, and microstresses.
An improved Newton iteration for the generalized inverse of a matrix, with applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Pan, Victor; Schreiber, Robert
1990-01-01
The purpose here is to clarify and illustrate the potential for the use of variants of Newton's method of solving problems of practical interest on highly personal computers. The authors show how to accelerate the method substantially and how to modify it successfully to cope with ill-conditioned matrices. The authors conclude that Newton's method can be of value for some interesting computations, especially in parallel and other computing environments in which matrix products are especially easy to work with.
On Low Rank Matrix Approximations with Applications to Synthesis Problem in Compressed
Recanati, Catherine
i,j |X ij |, X ij being the elements of X). 1 In this paper we consider the synthesis problem , certified to be sÂgood, with m as small as possible. Starting from the verifiable su#cient conditions of sÂgoodness by the O#ce of Naval Research grant # N000140811104. 1 #12; We call the matrix A sÂgood if whenever
Application of high-efficiency phosphorescent OLEDs in both passive and active matrix displays
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Weaver, Michael S.; Brown, Julie J.; Kwong, Raymond C.; Lu, Min-Hao M.; Hack, Michael; Tung, Yeh-Jiun; Chwang, Anna B.; Zhou, Theodore X.
2003-05-01
High-efficiency electrophosphorescent organic light emitting devices (OLEDs), based on triplet emission, is an enabling technology for low power full-color OLED displays. In addition, top emission OLED architectures can be used to maximize display aperture ratio and pixel current densities. In this paper we report on recent results in red, green and blue phosphorescent and top emission OLEDs and discuss the benefits that these attributes have on both active and passive matrix display performance.
The Application of the Leontief Input–Output Matrix in the Transition Process
Dianqing Xu; Shengliang Deng; Gene Gruver
1992-01-01
Though input–output analysis has been widely applied, it faces serious problems in those socialist countries currently undergoing economic reform. This study focuses on exploring the limitation of the Leontief input–output matrix in the transition process from a centrally planned economy to a market economy and discussing the possible errors of using the traditional input–output coefficients in the dual price system.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Colvocoresses, A. P.
1974-01-01
After nearly 18 months of successful operation of the first Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ERTS-1), a careful look at the future in order. Judging from the results of ERTS-1 experiments, public sales of ERTS-1 products and overall worldwide response it is believed that ERTS-1 has demonstrated an earth sensing mode that should become operational. It is recognized that several studies leading to the definition of an operational ERTS have been made. However cartographic requirements are generally more basic and demanding than those of the earth science disciplines and are therefore treated separately in this report. One assumption made is that the configuration of ERTS, particularly with respect to the multispectral scanner and data transmission rates cannot be materially altered.
Long-range density-matrix-functional theory: Application to a modified homogeneous electron gas
Pernal, Katarzyna [Institute of Physics, Technical University of Lodz, ul. Wolczanska 219, 93-005 Lodz (Poland)
2010-05-15
We propose a method that employs functionals of the one-electron reduced density matrix (density matrix) to capture long-range effects of electron correlation. The complementary short-range regime is treated with density functionals. In an effort to find approximations for the long-range density-matrix functional, a modified power functional is applied to the homogeneous electron gas with Coulomb interactions replaced by their corresponding long-range counterparts. For the power {beta}=1/2 and the range-separation parameter {omega}=1/r{sub s}, the functional reproduces the correlation and the kinetic correlation energies with a remarkable accuracy for intermediate and large values of r{sub s}. Analysis of the Euler equation corresponding to this functional reveals correct r{sub s} expansion of the correlation energy in the limit of large r{sub s}. The first expansion coefficient is in very good agreement with that obtained from the modified Wigner-Seitz model.
Design, fabrication, and operation of hybrid bionanodevices for biomedical applications
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Tucker, Robert Matthew
Cells are the fundamental building blocks of life. Despite their simplicity, cells are extremely versatile, performing a variety of functions including detection, signaling, and repair. While current biomedical devices operate at the organ level, the next generation will operate at the cellular level, combining the nanoscale machinery of cells with the mechanical robustness of synthetic materials in the form of new hybrid devices. This thesis presents advances in four topics concerning the development of nanomedical devices: fabrication, stabilization, control, and operation. First, as feature sizes decrease from the milli- and microscale towards the nanoscale, new fabrication methods must be developed. A new rapid prototyping technique using confocal microscopy was used to produce freely-programmable high-resolution protein patterns of functional motor proteins on thermo-responsive polymer surfaces. Second, hybrid device operation should be temperature-independent, but most biological components have strong responses to temperature fluctuations. To counter operational fluctuations, the temperature-dependent enzymatic activity was characterized for two types of molecular motors with the goal of developing a bionanosystem which is stabilized against temperature fluctuations. Third, replacing electromechanical systems consisting of pumps and batteries with proteins that directly convert chemical potential into mechanical energy increases the efficiency and decreases the size of the bionanodevice, but requires new control methods. An enzymatic network was developed in which fuel was photolytically released to activate molecular shuttles, excess fuel was sequestered using an enzyme, and spatial and temporal control of the system was achieved. Finally, chemically powered bionanodevices will require high-precision nano- and microscale actuators. A two-part hybrid actuator was designed, which consists of a molecular motor-coated synthetic macroscale forcer and a microtubule-based stator. Methods to create and characterize the stator were developed, which can be used to optimize the force generation of the device.
Options for organization and operation of space applications transfer centers
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Robinson, A. C.; Madigan, J. A.
1976-01-01
The benefits of developing regional facilities for transfer of NASA developed technology are discussed. These centers are designed to inform, persuade, and serve users. Included will be equipment for applications and demonstrations of the processes, a library, training facilities, and meeting rooms. The staff will include experts in the various techniques, as well as personnel involved in finding and persuading potential users.
Autonomous Robots in SWAT Applications: Research, Design, and Operations Challenges
Henry L Jones; Steve Morris
This paper describes the efforts of Stanford University's Aerospace Robotics Laboratory (ARL), the Palo Alto - Mountain View (California) Regional Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) team, and the MLB Company to bridge the gap between the perception of potential uses of autonomous robots in police SWAT environments and the reality of their application. The ARL researchers were given freedom of
FIELD APPLICATIONS OF ROBOTIC SYSTEMS IN HAZARDOUS WASTE SITE OPERATIONS
The cleanup of hazardous waste sites is a challenging and complex field that offers numerous opportunities for the application of robotic technology. he contamination problem, long in the making, will take decades to resolve. ur ingenuity in developing robotic tools to assist in ...
Potential algebras of low-dimensional Dirac operators: applications
Jakubsky, Vit
2012-01-01
Potential algebras can be used effectively in the analysis of quantum systems described by (2+1) dimensional Dirac equation. We find integrals of motion of massless separable Dirac operator. They close centrally extended so(3), so(2,1) or oscillator algebra. The algebraic framework is used in construction of physically interesting solvable models. It is applied in description of open-cage fullerenes where the energies and wave functions of low-energy charge carriers are computed. Besides, the potential algebras are applied in the context of one-dimensional, both relativistic and non- relativistic, shape-invariant quantum systems. We show that shape-invariance of the considered Dirac operators is associated with the nonlinear N=2 supersymmetry. The potential algebra is used in construction of non- relativistic, shape-invariant systems with position dependent mass. We demonstrate that solvability of these models is associated with their N=8 supersymmetry.
Optimising operation of a biological wastewater treatment application.
Murphy, R B; Young, B R; Kecman, V
2009-01-01
The objective of this work was to optimize (minimize) the compressed air required to control the rate of ammonia removal in a commercially operated wastewater bioreactor, while still maintaining operation within environmental consent limits. In order to do this, a nonlinear dynamic model based on the International Association on Water Quality (IAWQ) activated sludge model No. 3 was developed, expressing the nitrification kinetics and hydraulic dynamics of the system. From this model a steady state representation of the plant was derived, and simulated for various load characteristics experienced at the facility, and as a result an optimal load profile was developed for the compressed air distribution to the four aerobic zones. The optimal load profile will ensure that the amount of compressed air required to control the rate of ammonia removal is optimized. PMID:18762295
The application of automated operations at the Institutional Processing Center
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Barr, Thomas H.
1993-01-01
The JPL Institutional and Mission Computing Division, Communications, Computing and Network Services Section, with its mission contractor, OAO Corporation, have for some time been applying automation to the operation of JPL's Information Processing Center (IPC). Automation does not come in one easy to use package. Automation for a data processing center is made up of many different software and hardware products supported by trained personnel. The IPC automation effort formally began with console automation, and has since spiraled out to include production scheduling, data entry, report distribution, online reporting, failure reporting and resolution, documentation, library storage, and operator and user education, while requiring the interaction of multi-vendor and locally developed software. To begin the process, automation goals are determined. Then a team including operations personnel is formed to research and evaluate available options. By acquiring knowledge of current products and those in development, taking an active role in industry organizations, and learning of other data center's experiences, a forecast can be developed as to what direction technology is moving. With IPC management's approval, an implementation plan is developed and resources identified to test or implement new systems. As an example, IPC's new automated data entry system was researched by Data Entry, Production Control, and Advance Planning personnel. A proposal was then submitted to management for review. A determination to implement the new system was made and elements/personnel involved with the initial planning performed the implementation. The final steps of the implementation were educating data entry personnel in the areas effected and procedural changes necessary to the successful operation of the new system.
Application of Reactive Barriers Operated in Frozen Ground
Damian B. Gore
Permeable reactive barriers allow passive treatment of contaminated groundwater. Barriers, filled with reactive media, are\\u000a able to treat a wide range of contaminants including dissolved nutrients and metals, petroleum hydrocarbons and chlorinated\\u000a organic compounds. Advantages for areas of frozen ground include low energy requirements, the ability to function unattended,\\u000a and a low cost of operation. Although freeze-thaw cycling poses additional
Applications of triggered lightning to space vehicle operations
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Jafferis, William; Sanicandro, Rocco; Rompalla, John; Wohlman, Richard
1992-01-01
Kennedy Space Center (KSC) and the USAF Eastern Space Missile Center (ESMC) covering an area of 25 x 40 km are frequently called America's Spaceport. This title is earned through the integration, by labor and management, of many skills in a wide variety of engineering fields to solve many technical problems that occur during the launch processing of space vehicles. Weather is one of these problems, and although less frequent in time and duration when compared to engineering type problems, has caused costly and life threatening situations. This sensitivity to weather, especially lightning, was recognized in the very early pioneer days of space operations. The need to protect the many v\\facilities, space flight hardware, and personnel from electrified clouds capable of producing lightning was a critical element in improving launch operations. A KSC lightning committee was formed and directed to improve lightning protection, detection, and measuring systems and required that all theoretical studies be confirmed by KSC field data. Over the years, there have been several lightning incidents involving flight vehicles during ground processing as well as launch. Subsequent investigations revealed the need to improve these systems as well as the knowledge of the electrical atmosphere and its effects on operations in regard to cost and safety. Presented here is how, KSC Atmospheric Science Field Laboratory (AFSL), in particular Rocket Triggered Lightning, is being used to solve these problems.
Applications of triggered lightning to space vehicle operations
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Jafferis, William; Sanicandro, Rocco; Rompalla, John; Wohlman, Richard
1992-11-01
Kennedy Space Center (KSC) and the USAF Eastern Space Missile Center (ESMC) covering an area of 25 x 40 km are frequently called America's Spaceport. This title is earned through the integration, by labor and management, of many skills in a wide variety of engineering fields to solve many technical problems that occur during the launch processing of space vehicles. Weather is one of these problems, and although less frequent in time and duration when compared to engineering type problems, has caused costly and life threatening situations. This sensitivity to weather, especially lightning, was recognized in the very early pioneer days of space operations. The need to protect the many v\\facilities, space flight hardware, and personnel from electrified clouds capable of producing lightning was a critical element in improving launch operations. A KSC lightning committee was formed and directed to improve lightning protection, detection, and measuring systems and required that all theoretical studies be confirmed by KSC field data. Over the years, there have been several lightning incidents involving flight vehicles during ground processing as well as launch. Subsequent investigations revealed the need to improve these systems as well as the knowledge of the electrical atmosphere and its effects on operations in regard to cost and safety. Presented here is how, KSC Atmospheric Science Field Laboratory (AFSL), in particular Rocket Triggered Lightning, is being used to solve these problems.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Fukasawa, Hirotoshi; Horiuchi, Toshiyuki
2009-08-01
The patterning characteristics of matrix projection exposure using an analog liquid crystal display (LCD) panel in place of a reticle were investigated, in particular for oblique patterns. In addition, a new method for fabricating practical thick resist molds was developed. At first, an exposure system fabricated in past research was reconstructed. Changes in the illumination optics and the projection lens were the main improvements. Using fly's eye lenses, the illumination light intensity distribution was homogenized. The projection lens was changed from a common camera lens to a higher-grade telecentric lens. In addition, although the same metal halide lamp was used as an exposure light source, the central exposure wavelength was slightly shortened from 480 to 450 nm to obtain higher resist sensitivity while maintaining almost equivalent contrast between black and white. Circular and radial patterns with linewidths of approximately 6 µm were uniformly printed in all directions throughout the exposure field owing to these improvements. The patterns were smoothly printed without accompanying stepwise roughness caused by the cell matrix array. On the bases of these results, a new method of fabricating thick resist molds for electroplating was investigated. It is known that thick resist molds fabricated using the negative resist SU-8 (Micro Chem) are useful because very high aspect patterns are printable and the side walls are perpendicular to the substrate surfaces. However, the most suitable exposure wavelength of SU-8 is 365 nm, and SU-8 is insensitive to light of 450 nm wavelength, which is most appropriate for LCD matrix exposure. For this reason, a novel multilayer resist process was proposed, and micromolds of SU-8 of 50 µm thickness were successfully obtained. As a result, feasibility for fabricating complex resist molds including oblique patterns was demonstrated.
Workshop on Industrial Applications How is a hidden rule found from operation data?
Workshop on Industrial Applications How is a hidden rule found from operation data? Company: Nippon with mathematicians Expertise Revolution of our thinking (2) Innovation (1) Cost reduction Figure2 Expectation
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2012-01-17
...application for the proposed amendment to Renewed Facility Operating License (FOL) No. DPR-59 for the James A. FitzPatrick Nuclear Power Plant, located in Oswego County, New York. The proposed amendment would have modified the Renewed FOL...
Bio/Pharmaceutical Facilities, Operations and Validation Technician/Manager Open Applicant Pool
Stephens, Graeme L.
Bio/Pharmaceutical Facilities, Operations and Validation Technician/Manager Open Applicant Pool Bio/Manager position: This position requires strong knowledge of engineering, facility maintenance, laboratory equipment and experience in biotech or pharmaceutical setting. Preferred experience with manufacturing
The BiotSavart operator for application to knot theory, fluid dynamics, and plasma physics
Cantarella, Jason
The BiotÂSavart operator for application to knot theory, fluid dynamics, and plasma physics Jason in fluid dynamics and plasma physics. The BiotÂSavart op- erator associates with each current distribution
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2012-07-11
...Notices] [Pages 40917-40921] [FR Doc No: 2012-16904] [[Page 40917...NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION [Docket No. 030-04530; NRC-2012-0157] Application...Facility Operating Licenses Involving Proposed No Significant Hazards Considerations...
Assessment of Erosion Resistance of Coated Polymer Matrix Composites for Propulsion Applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Miyoshi, Kazuhisa; Sutter, James K.; Horan, Richard A.; Naik, Subhash K.; Cupp, Randall J.
2004-01-01
The erosion behavior of tungsten carbide-cobalt (WC-Co) coated and uncoated polymer matrix composites (PMCs) was examined with solid particle impingement using air jets. Erosion tests were conducted with Arizona road dust impinging at 20 degrees, 60 degrees, and 90 degrees angles at a velocity of 229 meters per second at both 294 and 366 K. Noncontact optical profilometry was used to measure the wear volume loss. Results indicate that the WC-Co coating enhanced erosion resistance and reduced erosion wear volume loss by a factor of nearly 2. This should contribute to longer wear lives, reduced related breakdowns, decreased maintenance costs, and increased product reliability.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Snyder, David A.; Zhang, Fengli; Robinette, Steven L.; Bruschweiler-Li, Lei; Brüschweiler, Rafael
2008-02-01
A central problem in the emerging field of metabolomics is how to identify the compounds comprising a chemical mixture of biological origin. NMR spectroscopy can greatly assist in this identification process, by means of multi-dimensional correlation spectroscopy, particularly total correlation spectroscopy (TOCSY). This Communication demonstrates how non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) provides an efficient means of data reduction and clustering of TOCSY spectra for the identification of unique traces representing the NMR spectra of individual compounds. The method is applied to a metabolic mixture whose compounds could be unambiguously identified by peak matching of NMF components against the BMRB metabolomics database.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-07-01
...applications-minimum requirements for reclamation and operations plan. 939.780 ...Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE...applications—minimum requirements for reclamation and operations plan. (a) Part...
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2010-07-01
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Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-07-01
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Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-07-01
...applications-Minimum requirements for reclamation and operation plan. 905.780 Section...Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE...applications—Minimum requirements for reclamation and operation plan. Part 780 of...
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2012-07-01
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2012-01-01
...applications for byproduct, source, special nuclear material, facility and operator licenses. 2.103 Section 2.103 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION RULES OF PRACTICE...applications for byproduct, source, special nuclear material, facility and operator...
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2011-01-01
...applications for byproduct, source, special nuclear material, facility and operator licenses. 2.103 Section 2.103 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION RULES OF PRACTICE...applications for byproduct, source, special nuclear material, facility and operator...
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2013-01-01
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2014-01-01
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2010-01-01
...applications for byproduct, source, special nuclear material, facility and operator licenses. 2.103 Section 2.103 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION RULES OF PRACTICE...applications for byproduct, source, special nuclear material, facility and operator...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-07-01
...applications-Minimum requirements for reclamation and operation plan. 905.780 Section...Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE...applications—Minimum requirements for reclamation and operation plan. Part 780 of...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-07-01
...Pollutants Used To Determine Applicability of Chemical Manufacturing Operations 1 Table...Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Chemical Manufacturing Area Sources Pt. 63...Pollutants Used To Determine Applicability of Chemical Manufacturing Operations As...
Particulate Titanium Matrix Composites Tested-Show Promise for Space Propulsion Applications
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Thesken, John C.; Lerch, Bradley A.; Arnold, Steven M.
2003-01-01
New manufacturing technologies can now produce uniformly distributed particle strengthened titanium matrix composites (TMCs) at lower cost than many types of continuous-fiber composites. The innovative process results in near-final-shape components having a material stiffness up to 26-percent greater than that of components made with conventional titanium materials. This benefit is achieved with no significant increase in the weight of the component. The improved mechanical performance and low-cost manufacturing capability motivated a review of particulate-reinforced metal composite technology as a way to lower the cost and weight of space-access propulsion systems. Focusing on the elevated-temperature properties of titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V as the matrix material, researchers at the NASA Glenn Research Center conducted experiments to verify the improved performance of the alloy containing 10 wt% of ceramic titanium carbide (TiC) particles. The appropriate blend of metal and ceramic powder underwent a series of cold and hot isostatic pressing procedures to yield bar stock. A set of round dogbone specimens was manufactured from a small sample of the bars. The TMC material proved to have good machinability at this particle concentration as there was no difficulty in producing high-quality specimens.
The Matrix Element Method and its Application to Measurements of the Top Quark Mass
Frank Fiedler; Alexander Grohsjean; Petra Haefner; Philipp Schieferdecker
2010-09-24
The most precise measurements of the top quark mass are based on the Matrix Element method. We present a detailed description of this analysis method, taking the measurements of the top quark mass in final states with one and two charged leptons as concrete examples. In addition, we show how the Matrix Element method is suitable to reduce the dominant systematic uncertainties related to detector effects, by treating the absolute energy scales for b-quark and light-quark jets independently as free parameters in a simultaneous fit together with the top quark mass. While the determination of the light-quark jet energy scale has already been applied in several recent measurements, the separate determination of the absolute b-quark jet energy scale is a novel technique with the prospect of reducing the overall uncertainty on the top quark mass in the final measurements at the Tevatron and in analyses at the LHC experiments. The procedure is tested on Monte Carlo generated events with a realistic detector resolution.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Heinrich, A.; Dirnstorfer, I.; Bischoff, J.; Richter, U.; Ketelson, H.; Meiner, K.; Mikolajick, T.
2013-10-01
We report on Mueller Matrix spectroscopic ellipsometry (MM-SE) to examine undesired asymmetries in structural parameters, i.e. line edge roughness (LER). The investigation was done on a photomask containing line space arrays with intentionally modulated line edges. The Mueller Matrix (MM) elements were measured within the complete azimuth angle range (0 - 360°) and a wavelength range from 300 nm to 980 nm. The results are presented in polar coordinates with the azimuth angle and wavelength as the angular and radial coordinate, respectively. It was found that LER significantly impacts the MM elements, which is indicated by the increase of the isotropic character of the array. The experimental data are confirmed by Rigorous Coupled Wave Analysis (RCWA) simulations on perturbed arrays. Based on RCWA the impact of LER amplitudes in the nm range is determined. It was found that both deviation of critical dimension (CD) and LER amplitude impact the MM elements. Based on the intensity ratios of the elements and their spectral distribution both errors create a characteristic finger print, which allows to separate them. Finally, the required measurement precision for LER in the nm range is estimated at 0.001. This precision is challenging but achievable with today's metrology.
Zhi, Ruicong; Flierl, Markus; Ruan, Qiuqi; Kleijn, W Bastiaan
2011-02-01
In this paper, a novel graph-preserving sparse nonnegative matrix factorization (GSNMF) algorithm is proposed for facial expression recognition. The GSNMF algorithm is derived from the original NMF algorithm by exploiting both sparse and graph-preserving properties. The latter may contain the class information of the samples. Therefore, GSNMF can be conducted as an unsupervised or a supervised dimension reduction method. A sparse representation of the facial images is obtained by minimizing the l(1)-norm of the basis images. Furthermore, according to the graph embedding theory, the neighborhood of the samples is preserved by retaining the graph structure in the mapped space. The GSNMF decomposition transforms the high-dimensional facial expression images into a locality-preserving subspace with sparse representation. To guarantee convergence, we use the projected gradient method to calculate the nonnegative solution of GSNMF. Experiments are conducted on the JAFFE database and the Cohn-Kanade database with unoccluded and partially occluded facial images. The results show that the GSNMF algorithm provides better facial representations and achieves higher recognition rates than nonnegative matrix factorization. Moreover, GSNMF is also more robust to partial occlusions than other tested methods. PMID:20403788
Sharma, Archana; Bhat, Sumrita; Vishnoi, Tanushree; Nayak, Vijayashree; Kumar, Ashok
2013-01-01
A tissue-engineered polymeric scaffold should provide suitable macroporous structure similar to that of extracellular matrix which can induce cellular activities and guide tissue regeneration. Cryogelation is a technique in which appropriate monomers or polymeric precursors frozen at sub-zero temperature leads to the formation of supermacroporous cryogel matrices. In this study carrageenan-gelatin (natural polymers) cryogels were synthesized by using glutaraldehyde and 1-ethyl-3-[3-dimethylaminopropyl] carbodiimide hydrochloride and N-hydroxysuccinimide (EDC-NHS) as crosslinking agent at optimum concentrations. Matrices showed large and interconnected pores which were in the range of 60–100??m diameter. Unconfined compression analysis showed elasticity and physical integrity of all cryogels, as these matrices regained their original length after 90% compressing from the original size. Moreover Young's modulus was found to be in the range of 4–11?kPa for the dry cryogel sections. These cryogels also exhibited good in vitro degradation capacity at 37 °C within 4 weeks of incubation. Supermacroporous carrageenan-gelatin cryogels showed efficient cell adherence and proliferation of Cos-7 cells which was examined by SEM. PI nuclear stain was used to observe cell-matrix interaction. Cytotoxicity of the scaffolds was checked by MTT assay which showed that cryogels are biocompatible and act as a potential material for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. PMID:23936806
Steady-state operational degrees of freedom with application to refrigeration cycles
Skogestad, Sigurd
Steady-state operational degrees of freedom with application to refrigeration cycles Jørgen Bauck- position of the circulating refrigerant are also discussed. Two LNG processes of current interest, the C3 degrees of freedom that are available for optimal operation of refrigeration processes. Skogestad1 points
B. P Cartmell; N. J Shankland; D Fiala; V Hanby
2004-01-01
This paper concerns the application of the first European example of a roof mounted, multi-operational ventilated photovoltaic and solar air collector, development of a detailed simulation methodology for such a system, and gives a brief outline of monitored findings after six months of operation. The aim for this simulation development was to provide a method that can aid future system
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Karray, Fakhreddine; Dwyer, Thomas A. W., III
1990-01-01
A bilinear model of the vibrational dynamics of a deformable maneuvering body is described. Estimates of the deformation state are generated through a low dimensional operator spline interpolator of bilinear systems combined with a feedback linearized based observer. Upper bounds on error estimates are also generated through the operator spline, and potential application to shaping control purposes is highlighted.
UTOPIA—User-Friendly Tools for Operating Informatics Applications
Sinnott, J. R.; Attwood, T. K.
2004-01-01
Bioinformaticians routinely analyse vast amounts of information held both in large remote databases and in flat data files hosted on local machines. The contemporary toolkit available for this purpose consists of an ad hoc collection of data manipulation tools, scripting languages and visualization systems; these must often be combined in complex and bespoke ways, the result frequently being an unwieldy artefact capable of one specific task, which cannot easily be exploited or extended by other practitioners. Owing to the sizes of current databases and the scale of the analyses necessary, routine bioinformatics tasks are often automated, but many still require the unique experience and intuition of human researchers: this requires tools that support real-time interaction with complex datasets. Many existing tools have poor user interfaces and limited real-time performance when applied to realistically large datasets; much of the user's cognitive capacity is therefore focused on controlling the tool rather than on performing the research. The UTOPIA project is addressing some of these issues by building reusable software components that can be combined to make useful applications in the field of bioinformatics. Expertise in the fields of human computer interaction, high-performance rendering, and distributed systems is being guided by bioinformaticians and end-user biologists to create a toolkit that is both architecturally sound from a computing point of view, and directly addresses end-user and application-developer requirements. PMID:18629035
Military applications of hypoxic training for high-altitude operations.
Muza, Stephen R
2007-09-01
Rapid deployment of unacclimatized soldiers to high mountainous environments causes debilitating effects on operational capabilities (physical work performance), and force health (altitude sickness). Most of these altitude-induced debilitations can be prevented or ameliorated by a wide range of physiological responses collectively referred to as altitude acclimatization. Acclimatization to a target altitude can be induced by slow progressive ascents or continuous sojourns at intermediate altitudes. However, this "altitude residency" requirement reduces their utilization in rapid response military missions that exploit the air mobility capability of modern military forces to quickly deploy to an area of operations on short notice. A more recent approach to induce altitude acclimatization is the use of daily intermittent hypoxic exposures (IHE) in lieu of continuous residence at high altitudes. IHE treatments consist of three elements: 1) IHE simulated altitude (inspired oxygen partial pressure: PIO2), 2) IHE session duration, and 3) total number of IHE sessions over the treatment period. This paper reviews and summarizes the results of 25 published IHE studies. This review finds that an IHE altitude>or=4000 m, and daily exposure duration of at least 1.5 h repeated over a week or more are required to have a high probability of developing altitude acclimatization. The efficacy of shorter duration (<1.5 h) hypoxic exposures at >or=4000 m simulated altitudes, and longer exposures (>4 h) at moderate altitudes (2500-3500 m) is not well documented. The predominate IHE-induced altitude acclimatization response appears to be increased arterial oxygen content through ventilatory acclimatization. Thus, IHE is a promising approach to provide the benefits of altitude acclimatization to low-altitude-based soldiers before their deployment to high mountainous regions. PMID:17805096
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Weiss, Brian A.; Fronczek, Lisa; Morse, Emile; Kootbally, Zeid; Schlenoff, Craig
2013-05-01
Transformative Apps (TransApps) is a Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) funded program whose goal is to develop a range of militarily-relevant software applications ("apps") to enhance the operational-effectiveness of military personnel on (and off) the battlefield. TransApps is also developing a military apps marketplace to facilitate rapid development and dissemination of applications to address user needs by connecting engaged communities of endusers with development groups. The National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST) role in the TransApps program is to design and implement evaluation procedures to assess the performance of: 1) the various software applications, 2) software-hardware interactions, and 3) the supporting online application marketplace. Specifically, NIST is responsible for evaluating 50+ tactically-relevant applications operating on numerous Android™-powered platforms. NIST efforts include functional regression testing and quantitative performance testing. This paper discusses the evaluation methodologies employed to assess the performance of three key program elements: 1) handheld-based applications and their integration with various hardware platforms, 2) client-based applications and 3) network technologies operating on both the handheld and client systems along with their integration into the application marketplace. Handheld-based applications are assessed using a combination of utility and usability-based checklists and quantitative performance tests. Client-based applications are assessed to replicate current overseas disconnected (i.e. no network connectivity between handhelds) operations and to assess connected operations envisioned for later use. Finally, networked applications are assessed on handhelds to establish baselines of performance for when connectivity will be common usage.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Shi, Zhou
This thesis describes the measurement and analysis of the transmission matrix (TM) for microwave radiation propagating through multichannel random waveguides in the crossover to Anderson localization. Eigenvalues of the transmission matrix and the associated eigenchannels are obtained via a singular value decomposition of the TM. The sum of the transmission eigenvalues yields the transmittance T, which is the classical analog of the dimensionless conductance g. The dimensionless conductance g is the electronic conductance in units of the quantum conductance, G/(e2/h). For diffusive waves g > 1, approximately g transmission eigenchannels contribute appreciably to the transmittance T. In contrast, for localized waves with g < 1, T is dominated by the highest transmission eigenvalue, tau 1. For localized waves, the inverse of the localization lengths of different eigenchannels are found to be equally spaced. Measurement of the TM allows us to explore the statistics of the transmittance T. A one-sided log-normal distribution of T is found for a random ensemble with your g = 0.37 and explained using an intuitive Coulomb gas model for the transmission eigenvalues. Single parameter scaling (SPS) predicted for one dimension random system is approached in multichannel systems once T is dominated by a single transmission eigenchannel. In addition to the statistics of the TM for ensembles of random samples, we investigated the statistics of a single TM. The statistics within a large single TM are found to depend upon a single parameter, the eigenchannel participation number, M. The variance of the total transmission normalized by its averaging in the TM is equal to M-1. We found universal fluctuation of M, reminiscent of the well known universal conductance fluctuations for diffusive waves. We demonstrate focusing of steady state and pulse transmission through a random medium via phase conjugation of the TM. The contrast between the focus and the background is determined by M and the size of the transmission matrix N. The spatio-temporal profile of focused radiation in the diffusive limit is shown to be the square of the field-field correlation function in space and time. We determine the density of states (DOS) of a disordered medium from the dynamics of transmission eigenchannels and from the quasi-normal modes of the medium for localized samples. The intensity profile of each eigenchannel within the random media is closely linked to the dynamics of transmission eigenchannels and an analytical expression for intensity profile of each of the eigenchannel based on numerical simulation was provided.
L. Guthier; Sungjoo Yoo; Ahmed Amine Jerraya
2001-01-01
We propose a method of automatic generation of appli- cation specific operating systems (OS's) and automatic tar- geting of application software. OS generation starts from a very small but yet flexible OS kernel. OS services, which are specific to the application and deduced from dependencies between services, are added to the kernel to construct the whole OS. Communication and synchronization
New genetic operators in the Fly algorithm: application to medical PET image reconstruction
Boyer, Edmond
New genetic operators in the Fly algorithm: application to medical PET image reconstruction Franck through the human body using methods similar to those used in conventional X-ray computed tomography [7 Processing, EvoApplications 2010 6024 (2010)" #12;medicine, this method makes use of a gamma emitter as radio
A Public Safety Application of GPS-Enabled Smartphones and the Android Operating System
William L. Arensman; John G. Whipple; Marian Starr Boler
2009-01-01
While the Apple iPhone single handedly redefined the term ¿smartphone¿ during its first two years of release, Google's Android platform for mobile devices has quickly developed into a serious open source alternative. We explored the android operating system (OS) and software development environment and evaluated several of its capabilities by constructing a working application. This application collected speed and location
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Iannone, Michele; Esposito, Floriana; Cammarano, Aniello
2014-05-01
Blends obtained by mixing high temperature applications thermoplastics have been investigated. Namely the blends considered in this work are made by semi-crystalline thermoplastics PEEK with amorphous PEI. The final goal is to analyse the mechanical, chemical-physical and environmental resistance characteristics of these blends to evaluate their suitability as matrices of carbon reinforced composites for aeronautical structural applications. The first collected results are very promising.
International Reference Ionosphere: An operational tool for space weather applications
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bilitza, D.; Reinisch, B. W.
2006-12-01
The International Reference Ionosphere (IRI) model, developed as a joint project of the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) and the International union of Radio Science (URSI), is a widely used standard for ionospheric parameters, and is currently undergoing registration with the International Standardization Organization (ISO) as a technical specification. IRI is an empirical model representing a synthesis of the available and reliable ground and space data recorded for the ionosphere. Being an international project, the IRI model has been validated with a large volume of ionospheric data by researchers and data from all parts of the world. We will describe the latest version of the model and the most important recent improvements and new features. In addition we will also briefly discuss modeling efforts that are now underway with the goal of future IRI updates. A special focus of this presentation will be the many space weather related applications of the IRI model highlighting some of the user feedback.
Mason, J.H.; Livingston, B.K.; Clarke, E.J.
1988-01-01
During the past 10 yr, the US Navy has extended submarine operating cycles - the period between major ship overhauls - from 4 to > 15 yr. Major programs to extend submarine operating cycles have been the submarine extended operating cycle (SEOC) and the engineered SEOC programs. Currently, the navy is incorporating lessons learned from these programs, as well as new concepts, into its newest Seawolf (SSN-21) ship class. Major elements of these programs are a disciplined machinery condition assessment (MCA) program consisting of intrusive and nonintrusive elements, the use of rotatable equipment pools, and the engineering of maintenance periodicities to establish operating cycles. Many of the concepts and elements of these programs can be applied to two objectives for enhanced operation and maintenance: the increased availability of means of improved equipment performance and reduced outage durations and the extension of plant life. The objectives of this paper are to review the US Navy SEOC programs, to draw parallels between the US Navy programs and commercial nuclear power plant programs, and to suggest potential opportunities for application to commercial nuclear power plants.
Application of the effective Fisher matrix to the frequency domain inspiral waveforms
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Cho, Hee-Suk; Lee, Chang-Hwan
2014-12-01
The Fisher matrix (FM) has been generally used to predict the accuracy of the gravitational wave parameter estimation. Although the limitation of the FM has been well known, it is still mainly used due to its very low computational cost compared to the Monte Carlo simulations. Recently, Rodriguez et al (2013 Phys. Rev. D 88 084013) performed Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) simulations using a frequency domain inspiral waveform model (TaylorF2) for nonspinning binary systems with total masses M?slant 20{{M}? }, and they found systematic differences between the predictions from FM and MCMC for M\\gt 10{{M}? }. On the other hand, an effective Fisher matrix (eFM) was recently introduced by Cho et al (2013 Phys. Rev. D 87 24004). The eFM is a semi-analytic approach to the standard FM, in which the derivative is taken of a quadratic function fitted to the local overlap surface. In this work, we apply the eFM method to the TaylorF2 waveform for nonspinning binary systems with a moderately high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR˜ 15) and find that the eFM can reproduce the MCMC error bounds in Rodriguez et al well, even for high masses. By comparing the eFM standard deviation directly with the 1-? confidence interval of the marginalized overlap that approximates the MCMC posterior distribution, we show that the eFM can be acceptable in all mass regions for the estimation of the MCMC error bounds. We also investigate the dependence on the signal strength.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gall, H. E.; Rao, P.; O'Connor, G.
2013-12-01
The land-application of biosolids and animal manure to agricultural fields has the potential to negatively impact the quality of nearby surface and subsurface water due to the presence of emerging contaminants in these residuals. We investigated the extent to which the vadose zone acts as a hydrologic and biogeochemical filter of two emerging contaminants, Triclosan (TCS) and estrone (E1) using a coupled source zone and vadose zone modeling approach. Monte Carlo simulations were run for a year following residual applications to explore the following research questions: (1) how does the application matrix (e.g., de-watered solids, liquid lagoon effluent, etc.) affect PPCP mass fluxes?; (2) how do hydro-climatic conditions and soil type affect PPCP mass fluxes?; (3) what role does the presence of macropore pathways play in PPCP export from the vadose zone; and (4) does the long-term, repeated application of residuals affect the ability of the vadose zone to act as an effective biogeochemical filter? The simulations were conducted for a sub-tropical climate with sand (e.g., Florida) and a humid climate with a silty clay loam (e.g., Midwestern United States). Simulation results suggest that the potential mobility of emerging contaminants increases linearly with increasing fraction applied to the mobile phase of the source zone (i.e., higher PPCP mass fraction in the dissolved phase during application). Following a single application, the total amount of PPCP mass exported from the source zone over the course of a year can be as high as 70% in a sub-tropical climate with sand soil. However, these types of soils do not have macropore flow pathways and the annual PPCP mass exported from the vadose zone is less than 1% of the mass applied. The higher organic carbon content in a silty clay loam reduces the amount of PPCP mass released from the source zone to less than 5% of the mass applied. In the presence of macropore pathways, the silty clay loam's vadose zone acts as a less effective biogeochemical filter than the sand's vadose zone. However, following a single application, Monte Carlo simulations suggest that the annual mass exported from the silty clay loam's vadose zone is less than 0.2% of the applied mass. Additionally, simulation results suggest that the mass exported from the vadose zone of the silty clay loam increases with time when fields receive long-term, repeated residual applications. Thus, field studies conducted with single applications likely underestimate mass fluxes exported from fields with a history of applications.
Warchol, C.J. [VECTRA Technologies, Inc., Naperville, IL (United States); Shirani, O. [Commonwealth Edison co., Downers Grove, IL (United States)
1995-11-01
This paper presents an application of elastic-plastic analysis to justify operability of highly stressed Motor Operated Valve (MOV) yokes. The ductile properties of typical carbon steels enable valve yokes to exhibit structural capacities which are considerably higher than normally predicted by linear analysis. Common industry practice is to use an allowable stress no higher than 1.0 S{sub y} (minimum specified yield strength) when evaluating valve extended components (i.e. yokes) for the applicable load combinations (typically seismic combined with thrust and torque). By examining the behavior of a typical yoke cross section which is stressed beyond first yield, it can be shown that the yoke displacement will remain on the order of elastic displacement until just before the yoke reaches its plastic movement capacity. Even at 95% of the plastic moment capacity, the overall displacement is only 60% greater than that at first yield and the permanent deformation of the yoke is only on the order of 20% of the displacement at first yield. Furthermore, to ensure valve operability, the calculated yoke deformations can be compared to the actual clearances in the valve to ensure that the stem will not bind and the valve will remain operable (i.e., functional). Based on these evaluations, an argument can be made to justify continued operation of the value even if the maximum yoke stresses exceed the yield strength of the material. As a result, bending moments on the order of 150% of those allowed by the standard yield stress criteria (1.0 S{sub y}) can be justified.
Application of LBB to high energy piping systems in operating PWR
Swamy, S.A.; Bhowmick, D.C. [Westinghouse Nuclear Technology Division, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)
1997-04-01
The amendment to General Design Criterion 4 allows exclusion, from the design basis, of dynamic effects associated with high energy pipe rupture by application of leak-before-break (LBB) technology. This new approach has resulted in substantial financial savings to utilities when applied to the Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) primary loop piping and auxiliary piping systems made of stainless steel material. To date majority of applications pertain to piping systems in operating plants. Various steps of evaluation associated with the LBB application to an operating plant are described in this paper.
Park, Jay Hoon; Joo, Yong Lak
2014-05-21
Mesoscale simulation, electrospinning and Raman scattering experiments have been carried out to demonstrate that examination and control of nanorod configuration in a polymer matrix under elongational flow and confinement can lead to enhanced sensing. First, coarse-grained molecular dynamics (CGMD) was employed to probe the diffusivity, orientation, and dispersion of nanorods in a model polymer melt under planar elongational flow. Compared to shear flow, elongational flow gives rise to enhanced dispersion and orientation of nanorods, which are predicted to be improved with increasing the aspect ratio of nanorods and polymer chain length. As comparative experiments, we have electrospun gold (Au) nanorods with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), and the resulting Au nanorod configuration in PVA nanofibers is in good agreement with the predicted simulation. Furthermore, coaxial electrospinning of Au nanorod/PVA-PVA (shell-core) was applied to selectively place Au nanorods in the cylindrical sheath layer, and the alignment of Au nanorods near the fiber surface was confirmed by TEM analysis and CGMD simulation under uniaxial elongation. Finally, the Au nanorod-PVA fibers were tested for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy for sensing applications. The coaxially electrospun fibers have demonstrated much greater signal peak strength when compared with monoaxially electrospun fibers with the same Au nanorod loading. This comprehensive study demonstrates how extensional flow and multi-layered fluids can direct the orientation and dispersion of nanorod in a polymer matrix, leading to enhanced sensing performance. PMID:24652583
Pearnchob, N; Siepmann, J; Bodmeier, R
2003-09-01
Shellac is a natural polymer, which is used as enteric coating material in pharmaceutical applications. The major objective of the present study was to investigate the potential of shellac for other purposes, namely to provide moisture-protective and taste-masking coatings as well as extended-release matrix tablets. The efficiency of shellac to achieve moisture protection and taste masking was compared with that of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC), which is most frequently used for these purposes. Shellac-coated tablets showed lower water uptake rates than HPMC-coated systems at the same coating level. The stability of acetylsalicylic acid was higher in tablets coated with shellac compared with HPMC-coated systems, irrespective of the storage humidity. Therefore, lower shellac coating levels were required to achieve the same degree of drug protection. Shellac coatings effectively masked the unpleasant taste of acetaminophen tablets. Compared to HPMC, again lower coating levels were required to achieve similar effects. The resulting drug release in simulated gastric fluid was not significantly altered by the thin shellac coatings, which rapidly ruptured due to the swelling of the coated tablet core. In addition, shellac was found to be a suitable matrix former for extended-release tablets. The latter could be prepared by direct compression or via wet granulation using ethanolic or ammoniated aqueous shellac binder solutions. The resulting drug-release patterns could effectively be altered by varying different formulation and processing parameters. PMID:14570313
Halder, P; Roy, P Deb; Das, H S
2014-01-01
In this paper, we report the development of a java application for the Superposition T-matrix code, JaSTA (Java Superposition T-matrix App), to study the light scattering properties of aggregate structures. It has been developed using Netbeans 7.1.2, which is a java integrated development environment (IDE). The JaSTA uses double precession superposition codes for multi-sphere clusters in random orientation developed by Mackowski and Mischenko (1996). It consists of a graphical user interface (GUI) in the front hand and a database of related data in the back hand. Both the interactive GUI and database package directly enable a user to model by self-monitoring respective input parameters (namely, wavelength, complex refractive indices, grain size, etc.) to study the related optical properties of cosmic dust (namely, extinction, polarization, etc.) instantly, i.e., with zero computational time. This increases the efficiency of the user. The database of JaSTA is now created for a few sets of input parameters with...
Applications of multifunctional polymer-matrix composites in hybrid heat sinks
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Leung, Siu N.; Khan, Omer M.; Naguib, Hani E.; Dawson, Francis; Adinkrah, Vincent
2012-04-01
Designers of electronic devices and telecommunications equipment have used three-dimensional chip architecture, comprised of a vertically integrated stack of chips, to increase the number of transistors on integrated circuits. These latest chips generate excessive amount of heat, and thus can reach unacceptably high temperatures. In this context, this research aims to develop thermally conductive liquid crystal polymer (LCP)/hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) composite films to replace the traditionally-used Kapton films that satisfy the electrical insulation requirements for the attachment of heat sinks to the chips without compromising the heat dissipation performance. Parametric study was conducted to elucidate the effects of hBN contents on the heat dissipation ability of the composite. The performance of the hybrid heat sinks were experimentally simulated by measuring the temperature distribution of the hybrid heat sinks attached to a 10 W square-faced (i.e., 10 cm by 10 cm) heater. Experimental simulation show that the maximum temperature of the heater mounted with a hybrid heat sink reduced with increased hBN content. It is believed the fibrillation of LCP matrix leads to highly ordered structure, promoting heat dissipation ability of the electrically insulating pad of the hybrid heat sink.
The Application of the Haddon Matrix to Public Health Readiness and Response Planning
Barnett, Daniel J.; Balicer, Ran D.; Blodgett, David; Fews, Ayanna L.; Parker, Cindy L.; Links, Jonathan M.
2005-01-01
State and local health departments continue to face unprecedented challenges in preparing for, recognizing, and responding to threats to the public’s health. The attacks of 11 September 2001 and the ensuing anthrax mailings of 2001 highlighted the public health readiness and response hurdles posed by intentionally caused injury and illness. At the same time, recent natural disasters have highlighted the need for comparable public health readiness and response capabilities. Public health readiness and response activities can be conceptualized similarly for intentional attacks, natural disasters, and human-caused accidents. Consistent with this view, the federal government has adopted the all-hazards response model as its fundamental paradigm. Adoption of this paradigm provides powerful improvements in efficiency and efficacy, because it reduces the need to create a complex family of situation-specific preparedness and response activities. However, in practice, public health preparedness requires additional models and tools to provide a framework to better understand and prioritize emergency readiness and response needs, as well as to facilitate solutions; this is particularly true at the local health department level. Here, we propose to extend the use of the Haddon matrix—a conceptual model used for more than two decades in injury prevention and response strategies—for this purpose. PMID:15866764
Identification of Bicluster Regions in a Binary Matrix and Its Applications
Chen, Hung-Chia; Zou, Wen; Tien, Yin-Jing; Chen, James J.
2013-01-01
Biclustering has emerged as an important approach to the analysis of large-scale datasets. A biclustering technique identifies a subset of rows that exhibit similar patterns on a subset of columns in a data matrix. Many biclustering methods have been proposed, and most, if not all, algorithms are developed to detect regions of “coherence” patterns. These methods perform unsatisfactorily if the purpose is to identify biclusters of a constant level. This paper presents a two-step biclustering method to identify constant level biclusters for binary or quantitative data. This algorithm identifies the maximal dimensional submatrix such that the proportion of non-signals is less than a pre-specified tolerance ?. The proposed method has much higher sensitivity and slightly lower specificity than several prominent biclustering methods from the analysis of two synthetic datasets. It was further compared with the Bimax method for two real datasets. The proposed method was shown to perform the most robust in terms of sensitivity, number of biclusters and number of serotype-specific biclusters identified. However, dichotomization using different signal level thresholds usually leads to different sets of biclusters; this also occurs in the present analysis. PMID:23940779
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Espinoza, D. N.; Vandamme, M.; Dangla, P.; Pereira, J.-M.; Vidal-Gilbert, S.
2013-12-01
Understanding the adsorption-induced swelling in coal is critical for predictable and enhanced coal bed methane production. The coal matrix is a natural anisotropic disordered microporous solid. We develop an elastic transverse isotropic poromechanical model for microporous solids which couples adsorption and strain through adsorption stress functions and expresses the adsorption isotherm as a multivariate function depending on fluid pressure and solid strains. Experimental data from the literature help invert the anisotropic adsorptive-mechanical properties of Brzeszcze coal samples exposed to CO2. The main findings include the following: (1) adsorption-induced swelling can be modeled by including fluid-specific and pressure-dependent adsorption stress functions into equilibrium equations, (2) modeling results suggest that swelling anisotropy is mostly caused by anisotropy of the solid mechanical properties, and (3) the total amount of adsorbed gas measured by immersing coal in the adsorbate overestimates adsorption amount compared to in situ conditions up to ˜20%. The developed fully coupled model can be upscaled to determine the coal seam permeability through permeability-stress relationships.
Chinopoulos, Christos; Gerencser, Akos A.; Mandi, Miklos; Mathe, Katalin; Töröcsik, Beata; Doczi, Judit; Turiak, Lilla; Kiss, Gergely; Konràd, Csaba; Vajda, Szilvia; Vereczki, Viktoria; Oh, Richard J.; Adam-Vizi, Vera
2010-01-01
In pathological conditions, F0F1-ATPase hydrolyzes ATP in an attempt to maintain mitochondrial membrane potential. Using thermodynamic assumptions and computer modeling, we established that mitochondrial membrane potential can be more negative than the reversal potential of the adenine nucleotide translocase (ANT) but more positive than that of the F0F1-ATPase. Experiments on isolated mitochondria demonstrated that, when the electron transport chain is compromised, the F0F1-ATPase reverses, and the membrane potential is maintained as long as matrix substrate-level phosphorylation is functional, without a concomitant reversal of the ANT. Consistently, no cytosolic ATP consumption was observed using plasmalemmal KATP channels as cytosolic ATP biosensors in cultured neurons, in which their in situ mitochondria were compromised by respiratory chain inhibitors. This finding was further corroborated by quantitative measurements of mitochondrial membrane potential, oxygen consumption, and extracellular acidification rates, indicating nonreversal of ANT of compromised in situ neuronal and astrocytic mitochondria; and by bioluminescence ATP measurements in COS-7 cells transfected with cytosolic- or nuclear-targeted luciferases and treated with mitochondrial respiratory chain inhibitors in the presence of glycolytic plus mitochondrial vs. only mitochondrial substrates. Our findings imply the possibility of a rescue mechanism that is protecting against cytosolic/nuclear ATP depletion under pathological conditions involving impaired respiration. This mechanism comes into play when mitochondria respire on substrates that support matrix substrate-level phosphorylation.—Chinopoulos, C., Gerencser, A. A., Mandi, M., Mathe, K., Töröcsik, B., Doczi, J., Turiak, L., Kiss, G., Konràd, C., Vajda, S., Vereczki, V., Oh, R. J., Adam-Vizi, V. Forward operation of adenine nucleotide translocase during F0F1-ATPase reversal: critical role of matrix substrate-level phosphorylation. PMID:20207940
2013-01-01
Background An eco-friendly treatment of industrial effluents is a major environmental concern of the modern world in the face of stringent environmental legislations. By keeping in mind the extensive industrial applications of ligninolytic enzymes, this study was performed to purify, and immobilize the manganese peroxidase (MnP) produced from an indigenous strain of Ganoderma lucidum. The present study was also focused on investigating the capability of immobilized MnP for decolorization of dye containing textile effluents. Results A large magnitude of an indigenous MnP (882±13.3 U/mL) was obtained from white rot fungal strain G. lucidum in solid state bio-processing of wheat straw under optimized fermentation conditions (moisture, 50%; substrate, 5 g; pH, 5.5; temperature, 30°C; carbon source, 2% fructose; nitrogen source, 0.02% yeast extract; C: N ratio, 25:1; fungal spore suspension, 5 mL and fermentation time period, 4 days). After ammonium sulfate fractionation and Sephadex-G-100 gel filtration chromatography, MnP was 4.7-fold purified with specific activity of 892.9 U/mg. G. lucidum MnP was monomeric protein as evident by single band corresponding to 48 kDa on native and denaturing SDS-PAGE. The purified MnP (2 mg/mL) was immobilized using a sol–gel matrix of tetramethoxysilane (TMOS) and proplytrimethoxysilane (PTMS). The oxidation of MnSO4 for up to 10 uninterrupted cycles demonstrated the stability and reusability of the immobilized MnP. Shelf life profile revealed that enzyme may be stored for up to 60 days at 25°C without losing much of its activity. To explore the industrial applicability of MnP produced by G. lucidum, the immobilized MnP was tested against different textile effluents. After 4 h reaction time, the industrial effluents were decolorized to different extents (with a maximum of 99.2%). The maximally decolorized effluent was analyzed for formaldehyde and nitroamines and results showed that the toxicity parameters were below the permissible limits. Conclusions In conclusion, G. lucidum MnP was immobilized by sol–gel matrix entrapment with an objective to enhance its practical efficiencies. The MnP was successfully entrapped into a sol- gel matrix of TMOS and PTMS with an overall immobilization efficiency of 93.7%. The sol- gel entrapped MnP seems to have prospective capabilities which can be useful for industrial purposes, especially for bioremediation of industrial effluents. PMID:23849469
Shepelyansky, Dima
Google matrix 1 Google matrix Fig.1. Google matrix of Wikipedia articles network, written [19]) A Google matrix is a particular stochastic matrix that is used by Google's PageRank algorithm be generated iteratively from the Google matrix using the power method. However, in order for the power method
Shepelyansky, Dima
Google matrix 1 Google matrix A Google matrix is a particular stochastic matrix that is used by Google's PageRank algorithm. The matrix represents a graph with edges representing links between pages. The rank of each page can be generated iteratively from the Google matrix using the power method. However
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wilkins, Jesse L. M.; Norton, Anderson; Boyce, Steven J.
2013-01-01
Previous research has documented schemes and operations that undergird students' understanding of fractions. This prior research was based, in large part, on small-group teaching experiments. However, written assessments are needed in order for teachers and researchers to assess students' ways of operating on a whole-class scale. In this…
Ceramic fibers for matrix composites in high-temperature engine applications
Baldus; Jansen; Sporn
1999-07-30
High-temperature engine applications have been limited by the performance of metal alloys and carbide fiber composites at elevated temperatures. Random inorganic networks composed of silicon, boron, nitrogen, and carbon represent a novel class of ceramics with outstanding durability at elevated temperatures. SiBN(3)C was synthesized by pyrolysis of a preceramic N-methylpolyborosilazane made from the single-source precursor Cl(3)Si-NH-BCl(2). The polymer can be processed to a green fiber by melt-spinning, which then undergoes an intermediate curing step and successive pyrolysis. The ceramic fibers, which are presently produced on a semitechnical scale, combine several desired properties relevant for an application in fiber-reinforced ceramic composites: thermal stability, mechanical strength, high-temperature creep resistivity, low density, and stability against oxidation or molten silicon. PMID:10426985
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Pak, Chan-gi; Li, Wesley W.
2009-01-01
Supporting the Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate guidelines, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration [NASA] Dryden Flight Research Center is developing a multidisciplinary design, analysis, and optimization [MDAO] tool. This tool will leverage existing tools and practices, and allow the easy integration and adoption of new state-of-the-art software. Today s modern aircraft designs in transonic speed are a challenging task due to the computation time required for the unsteady aeroelastic analysis using a Computational Fluid Dynamics [CFD] code. Design approaches in this speed regime are mainly based on the manual trial and error. Because of the time required for unsteady CFD computations in time-domain, this will considerably slow down the whole design process. These analyses are usually performed repeatedly to optimize the final design. As a result, there is considerable motivation to be able to perform aeroelastic calculations more quickly and inexpensively. This paper will describe the development of unsteady transonic aeroelastic design methodology for design optimization using reduced modeling method and unsteady aerodynamic approximation. The method requires the unsteady transonic aerodynamics be represented in the frequency or Laplace domain. Dynamically linear assumption is used for creating Aerodynamic Influence Coefficient [AIC] matrices in transonic speed regime. Unsteady CFD computations are needed for the important columns of an AIC matrix which corresponded to the primary modes for the flutter. Order reduction techniques, such as Guyan reduction and improved reduction system, are used to reduce the size of problem transonic flutter can be found by the classic methods, such as Rational function approximation, p-k, p, root-locus etc. Such a methodology could be incorporated into MDAO tool for design optimization at a reasonable computational cost. The proposed technique is verified using the Aerostructures Test Wing 2 actually designed, built, and tested at NASA Dryden Flight Research Center. The results from the full order model and the approximate reduced order model are analyzed and compared.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Schmidt, S.; Beyer, S.; Knabe, H.; Immich, H.; Meistring, R.; Gessler, A.
2004-08-01
Current rocket engines, due to their method of construction, the materials used and the extreme loads to which they are subjected, feature a limited number of load cycles. Various technology programmes in Europe are concerned, besides developing reliable and rugged, low cost, throwaway equipment, with preparing for future reusable propulsion technologies. One of the key roles for realizing reusable engine components is the use of modern and innovative materials. One of the key technologies which concern various engine manufacturers worldwide is the development of fibre-reinforced ceramics—ceramic matrix composites. The advantages for the developers are obvious—the low specific weight, the high specific strength over a large temperature range, and their great damage tolerance compared to monolithic ceramics make this material class extremely interesting as a construction material. Over the past years, the Astrium company (formerly DASA) has, together with various partners, worked intensively on developing components for hypersonic engines and liquid rocket propulsion systems. In the year 2000, various hot-firing tests with subscale (scale 1:5) and full-scale nozzle extensions were conducted. In this year, a further decisive milestone was achieved in the sector of small thrusters, and long-term tests served to demonstrate the extraordinary stability of the C/SiC material. Besides developing and testing radiation-cooled nozzle components and small-thruster combustion chambers, Astrium worked on the preliminary development of actively cooled structures for future reusable propulsion systems. In order to get one step nearer to this objective, the development of a new fibre composite was commenced within the framework of a regionally sponsored programme. The objective here is to create multidirectional (3D) textile structures combined with a cost-effective infiltration process. Besides material and process development, the project also encompasses the development of special metal/ceramic and ceramic/ceramic joining techniques as well as studying and verifying non destructive investigation processes for the purpose of testing components.
Pantic, Igor; Dacic, Sanja; Brkic, Predrag; Lavrnja, Irena; Pantic, Senka; Jovanovic, Tomislav; Pekovic, Sanja
2014-10-01
This aim of this study was to assess the discriminatory value of fractal and grey level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) analysis methods in standard microscopy analysis of two histologically similar brain white mass regions that have different nerve fiber orientation. A total of 160 digital micrographs of thionine-stained rat brain white mass were acquired using a Pro-MicroScan DEM-200 instrument. Eighty micrographs from the anterior corpus callosum and eighty from the anterior cingulum areas of the brain were analyzed. The micrographs were evaluated using the National Institutes of Health ImageJ software and its plugins. For each micrograph, seven parameters were calculated: angular second moment, inverse difference moment, GLCM contrast, GLCM correlation, GLCM variance, fractal dimension, and lacunarity. Using the Receiver operating characteristic analysis, the highest discriminatory value was determined for inverse difference moment (IDM) (area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve equaled 0.925, and for the criterion IDM?0.610 the sensitivity and specificity were 82.5 and 87.5%, respectively). Most of the other parameters also showed good sensitivity and specificity. The results indicate that GLCM and fractal analysis methods, when applied together in brain histology analysis, are highly capable of discriminating white mass structures that have different axonal orientation. PMID:24967845
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Tao, Bangyi; Mao, Zhihua; Wang, Difeng; Chen, Jianyu; Jin, Baogang
2010-10-01
A radiative transfer code to calculate the light field in the stratified hydrologic system is described and validated. The matrix-operator method is used. Chlorophyll-a and CDOM fluorescence and Raman scattering has also been incorporated into the code. Special emphasis is put on the treatment of phase function characterized by a sharp peak using ?-fit method. The code is validated by a model intercomparison for selected radiative transfer problems in the hydrologic system. Several profile data sets of inherent optical properties is obtained by using instruments of AC-s, Hydroscat-6 and others. These data sets were made in different hydrologic systems as Yangtze Estuary, and the East China sea. We use the IOPs measured in situ as input of radiative transfer code to simulate the light field in the hydrologic system. The preliminary result is presented in this paper.
Ho, Tak-San; Wang, Kwanghsi; Chu, Shih-I
1986-03-01
,H ap =~a~a/ (mj;(Oj+ g Vap('4;, ie +5m, , —ie N(mI;(Oj ~ (19) ~ "p'= —2 &~ lv a IP& (20) M (mI;(nj = g 5m, , n,. ~ (21) and M(i) ~( I;( I= II~,.;i=1 J+f (22) LF= A+2cu2 I 8% 8 0 A+a2 I 8 8" A 0 8" 0 0 0 0 8 0 A-cu2 I 8 8" A-2ai2 I M Qpv;(n+kj =tv;(nj+ g...) In terms of the supereigenvalues and eigenvectors of the I where U is the non-Hermitian superevolution operator given by, in matrix form, U.p;„.«;to)= g &a0 {m j I exp[ —tLF(t —to)] Ii »{Oj & Im) +7'o5&„gg (ap;{m j ~ Q (kj)(Q (kj ~00;{oj) n, ~ Ik I M X {1...
2012-01-01
Background Through the wealth of information contained within them, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have the potential to provide researchers with a systematic means of associating genetic variants with a wide variety of disease phenotypes. Due to the limitations of approaches that have analyzed single variants one at a time, it has been proposed that the genetic basis of these disorders could be determined through detailed analysis of the genetic variants themselves and in conjunction with one another. The construction of models that account for these subsets of variants requires methodologies that generate predictions based on the total risk of a particular group of polymorphisms. However, due to the excessive number of variants, constructing these types of models has so far been computationally infeasible. Results We have implemented an algorithm, known as greedy RLS, that we use to perform the first known wrapper-based feature selection on the genome-wide level. The running time of greedy RLS grows linearly in the number of training examples, the number of features in the original data set, and the number of selected features. This speed is achieved through computational short-cuts based on matrix calculus. Since the memory consumption in present-day computers can form an even tighter bottleneck than running time, we also developed a space efficient variation of greedy RLS which trades running time for memory. These approaches are then compared to traditional wrapper-based feature selection implementations based on support vector machines (SVM) to reveal the relative speed-up and to assess the feasibility of the new algorithm. As a proof of concept, we apply greedy RLS to the Hypertension – UK National Blood Service WTCCC dataset and select the most predictive variants using 3-fold external cross-validation in less than 26 minutes on a high-end desktop. On this dataset, we also show that greedy RLS has a better classification performance on independent test data than a classifier trained using features selected by a statistical p-value-based filter, which is currently the most popular approach for constructing predictive models in GWAS. Conclusions Greedy RLS is the first known implementation of a machine learning based method with the capability to conduct a wrapper-based feature selection on an entire GWAS containing several thousand examples and over 400,000 variants. In our experiments, greedy RLS selected a highly predictive subset of genetic variants in a fraction of the time spent by wrapper-based selection methods used together with SVM classifiers. The proposed algorithms are freely available as part of the RLScore software library at http://users.utu.fi/aatapa/RLScore/. PMID:22551170
Se-Kwon Kim; Noel Vinay Thomas; Xifeng Li
2011-01-01
Metalloproteinases especially matrix metalloproteinases are a group of endopeptidases that contribute for the extracellular matrix degradation, and several tissue remodeling processes. Improper regulation of these endopeptidases could lead to several severe pathological problems that include cardiac, cartilage, and cancer-related diseases. Until now, many synthetic matrix metalloproteinase inhibitory substances (MMPIs) have been reported; however, many of them could not make to
Shtrichman, Ronit; Zeevi-Levin, Naama; Zaid, Rinat; Barak, Efrat; Fishman, Bettina; Ziskind, Anna; Shulman, Rita; Novak, Atara; Avrahami, Ron; Livne, Erella; Lowenstein, Lior; Zussman, Eyal; Itskovitz-Eldor, Joseph
2014-10-01
Extracellular matrix (ECM) has been utilized as a biological scaffold for tissue engineering applications in a variety of body systems, due to its bioactivity and biocompatibility. In the current study we developed a modified protocol for the efficient and reproducible derivation of mesenchymal progenitor cells (MPCs) from human embryonic stem cells as well as human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) originating from hair follicle keratinocytes (HFKTs). ECM was produced from these MPCs and characterized in comparison to adipose mesenchymal stem cell ECM, demonstrating robust ECM generation by the excised HFKT-iPSC-MPCs. Exploiting the advantages of electrospinning we generated two types of electrospun biodegradable nanofiber layers (NFLs), fabricated from polycaprolactone (PCL) and poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA), which provide mechanical support for cell seeding and ECM generation. Elucidating the optimized decellularization treatment we were able to generate an available "off-the-shelf" implantable product (NFL-ECM). Using rat subcutaneous transplantation model we demonstrate that this stem-cell-derived construct is biocompatible and biodegradable and holds great potential for tissue regeneration applications. PMID:25185111
Ming-Tong Tsay; Whei-Min Lin
2000-01-01
This paper presents the application of Evolutionary Programming (EP) to optimal operational strategy of cogeneration systems under Time-of-Use (TOU) rate. The fuel consumption and steam generation will first be measured and the Input–Output (I\\/O) curve derived using the regression method. The operational model developed also considers the connection of the cogeneration system with the utility company in terms of TOU
Potential application of embryo transfer in commercial beef cow/calf operations
Osborne, David
1991-01-01
Record of Study POTENTIAL APPLICATION OF EMBRYO TRANSFER IN COMMERCIAL BEEF COW/CALF OPERATIONS A PROFESSIONAL PAPER David Osborne Submitted to the College of Agriculture & Life Sciences of Texas A K M University in partial fullfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF AGRICULTURE December, 1991 Animal Science Beef Cattle Science POTENTIAL APPIICATION OF ENBRYO TRANSFER IN CONNERCIAL BEEP COW/CALF OPERATIONS A Professional Paper by David Osborne Approved to style R content...
Huang, Yi-Zhi
Quantum Hall systems Representation theory of vertex operator algebras Applications The end Quantum;Quantum Hall systems Representation theory of vertex operator algebras Applications The end Outline 1 An approach to a fundamental conjecture #12;Quantum Hall systems Representation theory of vertex operator
Zhao, Tuo; Roeder, Kathryn; Liu, Han
2014-10-20
Many statistical methods gain robustness and flexibility by sacrificing convenient computational structures. In this paper, we illustrate this fundamental tradeoff by studying a semi-parametric graph estimation problem in high dimensions. We explain how novel computational techniques help to solve this type of problem. In particular, we propose a nonparanormal neighborhood pursuit algorithm to estimate high dimensional semiparametric graphical models with theoretical guarantees. Moreover, we provide an alternative view to analyze the tradeoff between computational efficiency and statistical error under a smoothing optimization framework. Though this paper focuses on the problem of graph estimation, the proposed methodology is widely applicable to other problems with similar structures. We also report thorough experimental results on text, stock, and genomic datasets. PMID:25382957
Matrix diagonalization algorithm and its applicability to the nuclear shell model
Bianco, D.; Andreozzi, F.; Lo Iudice, N.; Porrino, A.; Knapp, F. [Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Universita di Napoli Federico II and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Monte S. Angelo, via Cintia, I-80126 Napoli (Italy)
2011-08-15
An importance-sampling iterative algorithm for diagonalizing shell model Hamiltonian matrices is reviewed and implemented in a spin uncoupled basis. Shell model spaces of dimensions up to N < or approx.10{sup 9} are considered. The analysis shows that about 10% of the basis states are enough to bring the eigenvalues to convergence. This fraction of states, however, is insufficient to lead to convergence of the transition strengths, thereby limiting the applicability of the method to not too large spaces. In its domain of validity, the method yields a large number of eigensolutions and can be usefully adopted for rather complete studies of low-energy spectroscopy. This is done here for {sup 132,134}Xe isotopes. The calculation yields spectra and electromagnetic responses in fairly good agreement with the available experimental data and unveils the properties of the low-energy states of these isotopes, including their proton-neutron symmetry.
Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)
An aerial variable-rate application system consisting of a DGPS-based guidance system, automatic flow controller, and hydraulically controlled pump/valve was evaluated for response time to rapidly changing flow requirements and accuracy of application. Spray deposition position error was evaluated ...
Applications of the potential algebras of the two-dimensional Dirac-like operators
Vit Jakubsky
2013-01-31
Potential algebras can be used effectively in the analysis of the quantum systems. In the article, we focus on the systems described by a separable, 2x2 matrix Hamiltonian of the first order in derivatives. We find integrals of motion of the Hamiltonian that close centrally extended so(3), so(2,1) or oscillator algebra. The algebraic framework is used in construction of physically interesting solvable models described by (2+1) dimensional Dirac equation. It is applied in description of open-cage fullerenes where the energies and wave functions of low-energy charge-carriers are computed. The potential algebras are also used in construction of shape-invariant, one-dimensional Dirac operators. We show that shape-invariance of the first-order operators is associated with the N=4 nonlinear supersymmetry which is represented by both local and nonlocal supercharges. The relation to the shape-invariant non-relativistic systems is discussed as well.
Lawrence R. Thorne
2011-10-18
I propose a novel approach to balancing equations that is applicable to all chemical-reaction equations; it is readily accessible to students via scientific calculators and basic computer spreadsheets that have a matrix-inversion application. The new approach utilizes the familiar matrix-inversion operation in an unfamiliar and innovative way; its purpose is not to identify undetermined coefficients as usual, but, instead, to compute a matrix null space (or matrix kernel). The null space then provides the coefficients that balance the equation. Indeed, the null space contains everything there is to know about balancing any chemical-reaction equation!
An ILP Approach to the Simultaneous Application of Operation Scheduling and Power Management
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Huang, Shih-Hsu; Cheng, Chun-Hua
At the behavioral level, large power savings are possible by shutting down unused operations, which is commonly referred to as power management. However, operation scheduling has a significant impact on the potential for power saving via power management. In this paper, we present an integer linear programming (ILP) model to formally formulate the simultaneous application of operation scheduling and power management in high level synthesis. Our objective is to maximize the power saving under both the timing constraints and the resource constraints. Note that our approach guarantees solving the problem optimally. Compared with previous work, experimental data consistently show that our approach has significant relative improvement in the power savings.
Processing and properties of ceramic matrix-polymer composites for dental applications
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Huang, Hsuan Yao
The basic composite structure of natural hard tissue was used to guide the design and processing of dental restorative materials. The design incorporates the methodology of using inorganic minerals as the main structural phase reinforced with a more ductile but tougher organic phase. Ceramic-polymer composites were prepared by slip casting a porous ceramic structure, heating and chemical treating the porous preform, infiltrating with monomer and then curing. The three factors that determined the mechanical properties of alumina-polymer composites were the type of polymer used, the method of silane treatments, and the type of bond between particles in the porous preforms. Without the use of silane coupling agents, the composites were measured to have a lower strength. The composite with a more "flexible" porous alumina network had a greater ability to plastically dissipate the energy of propagating cracks. However, the aggressive nature of the alumina particles on opposing enamel requires that these alumina-polymer composites have a wear compatible coating for practical application. A route to dense bioactive apatite wollastonite glass ceramics (AWGC)-polymer composites was developed. The problems associated with glass dissolution into the aqueous medium for slip casting were overcome with the use of silane. The role of heating rate and development of ceramic compact microstructure on composite properties was explored. In general, if isothermal heating was not applied, decreasing heating rate increased glass crystallinity and particle-particle fusion, but decreased pore volume. Also composite strength and fracture toughness decreased while modulus and hardness increased with decreasing heating rate. If isothermal heating was applied, glass crystallinity, pore content, and composite mechanical properties showed relatively little change regardless of the initial heating rate. The potential of AWGC-polymer composites for dental and implant applications was explored. Strengths and toughnesses were not severely degraded by immersion in simulated body fluids up to 30 days. The composite elastic modulus approached that of hard tissues and its wear behavior with opposing tooth was excellent. Growth of apatite over the entire composite surface was achieved in SBF. Growth of apatite in human whole saliva was achieved on the bioactive glass surface, but not on the composite surface.
Aleks Kleyn
2010-01-27
On the set of mappings of the given set, we define the product of mappings. If A is associative algebra, then we consider the set of matrices, whose elements are linear mappings of algebra A. In algebra of matrices of linear mappings we define the operation of product. The operation is based on the product of mappings. If the matrix a of linear mappings has an inverse matrix, then the quasideterminant of the matrix a and the inverse matrix are matrices of linear mappings. In the paper, I consider conditions when a matrix of linear mappings has inverse matrix, as well methods of solving a system of linear equations in an associative algebra.
Corum, J.M.; Simpson, W.A. Jr.; Sun, C.T.; Talreja, R.; Weitsman, Y.J.
1995-07-01
A key unanswered question that must be addressed before polymeric composites will be widely used in automotive structural components is their known durability. Major durability issues are the effects that cyclic loadings, creep, automotive fluid environments, and low-energy impacts have on dimensional stability, strength, and stiffness throughout the required life of a composite component. This report reviews the current state of understanding in each of these areas. It also discusses the limited information that exists on one of the prime candidate materials for automotive structural applications--an isocyanurate reinforced with a continuous strand, swirl mat. Because of the key role that nondestructive evaluations must play in understanding damage development and progression, a chapter is included on ultrasonic techniques. A final chapter then gives conclusions and recommendations for research needed to resolve the various durability issues. These recommendations will help provide a sound basis for program planning for the Durability of Lightweight Composite Structures Project sponsored by the US Department of Energy in cooperation with the Automotive Composites Consortium of Chrysler, Ford, and General Motors.
Analytic system matrix resolution modeling in PET: an application to Rb-82 cardiac imaging
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Rahmim, A.; Tang, J.; Lodge, M. A.; Lashkari, S.; Ay, M. R.; Lautamäki, R.; Tsui, B. M. W.; Bengel, F. M.
2008-11-01
This work explores application of a novel resolution modeling technique based on analytic physical models which individually models the various resolution degrading effects in PET (positron range, photon non-collinearity, inter-crystal scattering and inter-crystal penetration) followed by their combination and incorporation within the image reconstruction task. In addition to phantom studies, the proposed technique was particularly applied to and studied in the task of clinical Rb-82 myocardial perfusion imaging, which presently suffers from poor statistics and resolution properties in the reconstructed images. Overall, the approach is able to produce considerable enhancements in image quality. The reconstructed FWHM for a Discovery RX PET/CT scanner was seen to improve from 5.1 mm to 7.7 mm across the field-of-view (FoV) to ~3.5 mm nearly uniformly across the FoV. Furthermore, extended-source phantom studies indicated clearly improved images in terms of contrast versus noise performance. Using Monte Carlo simulations of clinical Rb-82 imaging, the resolution modeling technique was seen to significantly outperform standard reconstructions qualitatively, and also quantitatively in terms of contrast versus noise (contrast between the myocardium and other organs, as well as between myocardial defects and the left ventricle).
Parce, J. Wallace (Palo Alto, CA); Bernatis, Paul (Sunnyvale, CA); Dubrow, Robert (San Carlos, CA); Freeman, William P. (San Mateo, CA); Gamoras, Joel (Vallejo, CA); Kan, Shihai (San Jose, CA); Meisel, Andreas (Redwood City, CA); Qian, Baixin (Sunnyvale, CA); Whiteford, Jeffery A. (Belmont, CA); Ziebarth, Jonathan (Palo Alto, CA)
2010-01-12
Matrixes doped with semiconductor nanocrystals are provided. In certain embodiments, the semiconductor nanocrystals have a size and composition such that they absorb or emit light at particular wavelengths. The nanocrystals can comprise ligands that allow for mixing with various matrix materials, including polymers, such that a minimal portion of light is scattered by the matrixes. The matrixes of the present invention can also be utilized in refractive index matching applications. In other embodiments, semiconductor nanocrystals are embedded within matrixes to form a nanocrystal density gradient, thereby creating an effective refractive index gradient. The matrixes of the present invention can also be used as filters and antireflective coatings on optical devices and as down-converting layers. Processes for producing matrixes comprising semiconductor nanocrystals are also provided. Nanostructures having high quantum efficiency, small size, and/or a narrow size distribution are also described, as are methods of producing indium phosphide nanostructures and core-shell nanostructures with Group II-VI shells.
Monte Carlo applications for the design and operation of nuclear facilities
Carter, L.L.; Bunch, W.L.; Morford, R.J.; Wootan, D.W.; Schwarz, R.A.
1988-06-01
The computational capabilities of current supercomputers enable the application of rigorous Monte Carlo methods to solve day-to-day neutronics and shielding problems. Experience at Westinghouse Hanford Company has included applications to: reactor operations, decommissioning of a reactor facility, and the design of a space reactor; intermediate energy accelerators; and high-level waste facilities and casks. These practical applications are typically computationally intensive because of the amount of information required. A number of practical examples are discussed. An increase in effective computer capabilities would further enhance the use of Monte Carlo methods. 16 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.
Fifth Annual Workshop on Space Operations Applications and Research (SOAR 1991), volume 2
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Krishen, Kumar (editor)
1992-01-01
Papers given at the Space Operations and Applications Symposium, host by the NASA Johnson Space Center on July 9-11, 1991 are given. The technical areas covered included intelligent systems, automation and robotics, human factors and life sciences, and environmental interactions.
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2013-05-28
...Units 2 and 3, Fairfield County, South Carolina Date of amendment...anticipated operational occurrences, earthquakes, floods and turbine missiles...50-341, Fermi 2, Monroe County, Michigan Date of application...Plant, Unit 1 (PNPP), Lake County, Ohio Date of amendment...
Evaluation of Transit Operations: Data Applications of Tri-Met's Automated Bus Dispatching System
Bertini, Robert L.
Evaluation of Transit Operations: Data Applications of Tri-Met's Automated Bus Dispatching System Transportation System (APTS) technology has been motivated by transit providers' desire to improve service deployed by 61 transit agencies as of 1998. Designing and delivering high quality transit service
Tunnel effect for Kramers-Fokker-Planck type operators: return to equilibrium and applications
Hérau, Frédéric
Tunnel effect for Kramers-Fokker-Planck type operators: return to equilibrium and applications Fr´ed heat semigroup, with the rate given by the first non-vanishing, expo- nentially small, eigenvalue oscillators. 1 #12;Keywords and Phrases: Kramers, Fokker-Planck, semiclassical limit, return to equilibrium
B. Alhamad; J. A. Romagnoli; V. G. Gomes
2005-01-01
A model-based framework for advanced optimal operation of copolymerization processes was developed and tested experimentally in conjunction with a distributed control system (DCS) suitable for industrial application. A test case of emulsion copolymerization of styrene (Sty) and methyl-methacrylate (MMA) was investigated for predicting and optimizing key product properties including molecular weight distribution (MWD), particle size distribution (PSD), copolymer composition and
Fifth Annual Workshop on Space Operations Applications and Research (SOAR 1991), volume 2
Krishen, K.
1992-02-01
Papers given at the Space Operations and Applications Symposium, host by the NASA Johnson Space Center on July 9-11, 1991 are given. The technical areas covered included intelligent systems, automation and robotics, human factors and life sciences, and environmental interactions.
operation, development, and application, Microwave Online Syst Com-pany web site, 1996.
Simsek, Ergun
operation, development, and application, Microwave Online Syst Com- pany web site, 1996. 5. D.M. Pozar, Microstrip antennas, Proc IEEE 80 (1992), 79Â91. 6. C.A. Balanis, Antenna theory: Analysis and design, 2nd ed., Wiley, New York, 1997, ch. 14. 7. D.M. Pozar and S.D. Targonski, Improved coupling
Discontinuously Operated Metal Oxide Gas Sensors for Flexible Tag Microlab Applications
Ilker Sayhan; Andreas Helwig; Thomas Becker; Gerhard Muller; Ivan Elmi; Stefano Zampolli; Marta Padilla; Santiago Marco
2008-01-01
Micromachined silicon substrates have significantly reduced the heating power consumption of metal oxide (MOX) gas sensors. Specific applications, however, require further reductions far beyond the present state-of-the-art. In this paper, we report on discontinuously operated MOX gas sensors on micromachined heater platforms and show that such sensors allow power consumption levels to be reached which are consistent with Flexible Tag
Comments on the 1950s applications and extensions of Skinner's operant psychology
Morris, Edward K.
2003-01-01
These comments address V. G. Lades' (see record 2003-10336-005), D. A. Dewsbury's (see record 2003-10336-006), and A. Rutherford's (200310336-007) papers on the extension and application of Skinner's operant psychology during the 1950s. I begin...
Susan F. Hallowell; Patrick T. Harker
1998-01-01
In previous work, the authors developed an analytical line delay model for analyzing rail line-haul operations, and validated the model as a predictive tool. This paper examines the application of the model as a prescriptive tool for the generation of train schedules. A unique feature of the model is that it incorporates dynamic meet\\/pass priorities in order to approximate an
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2011-03-04
...application for proposed amendment to Facility Operating License No. NPF-62 for the Clinton Power Station, Unit 1, located in DeWitt County, Illinois. The proposed amendment would have revised the Technical Specifications 3.1.7, to extend the...
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2011-08-15
...Applicability of the Federal Motor...Safety Regulations to Operators of...Vehicles and Off-Road Agricultural...determined by the essential character of the movement, manifested...CMV are subject to the FMCSRs...on rural roads with little...
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2003-07-11
...Application Cycle for Operational Health Center Networks (OHCN) CFDA Number 93.224, HRSA-03-105...a practice management or managed care network or plan, including the purchase or lease...a managed care or practice management network or plan that is at least majority...
An investigation of potential applications of OP-SAPS: Operational Sampled Analog Processors
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Parrish, E. A.; Mcvey, E. S.
1977-01-01
The application of OP-SAP's (operational sampled analog processors) in pattern recognition system is summarized. Areas investigated include: (1) human face recognition; (2) a high-speed programmable transversal filter system; (3) discrete word (speech) recognition; and (4) a resolution enhancement system.
Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis: Basic principles and applications in radiology
Arian R van Erkel; Peter M. Th Pattynama
1998-01-01
Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis is a widely accepted method for analyzing and comparing the diagnostic accuracy of radiological tests. In this paper we will explain the basic principles underlying ROC analysis and provide practical information on the use and interpretation of ROC curves. The major applications of ROC analysis will be discussed and their limitations will be addressed.
Operating System Support for Augmented Reality Applications Loris D'Antoni1
Kohno, Tadayoshi
-level libraries like OpenCV or the Mi- crosoft Kinect SDK. In this paper, we explore how operating systems should.g., for gestures), aided by user-space libraries such as the Kinect SDK or OpenCV. Today, these applications can
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2012-03-20
...Sixteenth Floor, One White Flint North, 11555 Rockville...located at One White Flint North, Room O1-F21...Charlevoix County, Michigan Entergy Nuclear Operations...located at One White Flint North, Room O1-F21...Fermi 2, Monroe County, Michigan Date of application...
SAI (SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS, INCORPORATED) AIRSHED MODEL OPERATIONS MANUALS. VOLUME 1. USER'S MANUAL
This report presents a general view of the Systems Applications, Inc. (SAI) Airshed Model as well as detailed operating instructions for the user. Included are discussions of all the files needed to run the model, the data preparation programs that produce each file, the input fo...
Operator Splitting Algorithms for Free Surface Flows: Application to Extrusion Processes
Bonito, Andrea
Operator Splitting Algorithms for Free Surface Flows: Application to Extrusion Processes Andrea on a fine structured grid is put forward to accurately approximate the inertial effects while continuous of a cylindrical tube, with potential die swell in an extrusion process is taken as the main illustration
An Operational Safety and Certification Assessment of a TASAR EFB Application
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Koczo, Stefan; Wing, David
2013-01-01
This paper presents an overview of a Traffic Aware Strategic Aircrew Requests (TASAR) Electronic Flight Bag application intended to inform the pilot of trajectory improvement opportunities while en route that result in operational benefits. The results of safety analyses and a detailed review of Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) regulatory documents that establish certification and operational approval requirements are presented for TASAR. The safety analyses indicate that TASAR has a likely Failure Effects Classification of “No Effect,” and at most, is no worse than “Minor Effect.” Based on this safety assessment and the detailed review of FAA regulatory documents that determine certification and operational approval requirements, this study concludes that TASAR can be implemented in the flight deck as a Type B software application hosted on a Class 2 Portable Electronic Device (PED) Electronic Flight Bag (EFB). This implementation approach would provide a relatively low-cost path to certification and operational approval for both retrofit and forward fit implementation, while at the same time facilitating the business case for early ADS-B IN equipage. A preliminary review by FAA certification and operational approvers of the analyses presented here confirmed that the conclusions are appropriate and that TASAR will be considered a Type B application.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-07-01
...AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE MASSACHUSETTS § 921.784 Underground mining permit applications—minimum requirements for reclamation and operation plan....
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-07-01
...AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE MASSACHUSETTS § 921.784 Underground mining permit applications—minimum requirements for reclamation and operation plan....
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-07-01
...AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE MASSACHUSETTS § 921.784 Underground mining permit applications—minimum requirements for reclamation and operation plan....
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-07-01
...RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE IDAHO § 912.780 Surface mining permit applications—minimum requirements for reclamation and operation plan. Part 780...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-07-01
...ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE NORTH CAROLINA § 933.784 Underground mining permit applications—minimum requirements for reclamation and operation...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-07-01
...ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE NORTH CAROLINA § 933.784 Underground mining permit applications—minimum requirements for reclamation and operation...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-07-01
...ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE NORTH CAROLINA § 933.780 Surface mining permit applications—minimum requirements for reclamation and operation plan....
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-07-01
...ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE NORTH CAROLINA § 933.784 Underground mining permit applications—minimum requirements for reclamation and operation...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-07-01
...ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE NORTH CAROLINA § 933.784 Underground mining permit applications—minimum requirements for reclamation and operation...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-07-01
...ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE NORTH CAROLINA § 933.780 Surface mining permit applications—minimum requirements for reclamation and operation plan....
Mathieu Lewin; Eric Séré
2008-12-11
This paper, devoted to the study of spectral pollution, contains both abstract results and applications to some self-adjoint operators with a gap in their essential spectrum occuring in Quantum Mechanics. First we consider Galerkin basis which respect the decomposition of the ambient Hilbert space into a direct sum $H=PH\\oplus(1-P)H$, given by a fixed orthogonal projector $P$, and we localize the polluted spectrum exactly. This is followed by applications to periodic Schr\\"odinger operators (pollution is absent in a Wannier-type basis), and to Dirac operator (several natural decompositions are considered). In the second part, we add the constraint that within the Galerkin basis there is a certain relation between vectors in $PH$ and vectors in $(1-P)H$. Abstract results are proved and applied to several practical methods like the famous "kinetic balance" of relativistic Quantum Mechanics.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Benbenek, Daniel B.; Walsh, William
2010-01-01
This greenbook captures some of the current, planned and possible future uses of the Internet Protocol (IP) as part of Space Operations. It attempts to describe how the Internet Protocol is used in specific scenarios. Of primary focus is low-earth-orbit space operations, which is referred to here as the design reference mission (DRM). This is because most of the program experience drawn upon derives from this type of mission. Application profiles are provided. This includes parameter settings programs have proposed for sending IP datagrams over CCSDS links, the minimal subsets and features of the IP protocol suite and applications expected for interoperability between projects, and the configuration, operations and maintenance of these IP functions. Of special interest is capturing the lessons learned from the Constellation Program in this area, since that program included a fairly ambitious use of the Internet Protocol.
General Purpose Data-Driven Online System Health Monitoring with Applications to Space Operations
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Iverson, David L.; Spirkovska, Lilly; Schwabacher, Mark
2010-01-01
Modern space transportation and ground support system designs are becoming increasingly sophisticated and complex. Determining the health state of these systems using traditional parameter limit checking, or model-based or rule-based methods is becoming more difficult as the number of sensors and component interactions grows. Data-driven monitoring techniques have been developed to address these issues by analyzing system operations data to automatically characterize normal system behavior. System health can be monitored by comparing real-time operating data with these nominal characterizations, providing detection of anomalous data signatures indicative of system faults, failures, or precursors of significant failures. The Inductive Monitoring System (IMS) is a general purpose, data-driven system health monitoring software tool that has been successfully applied to several aerospace applications and is under evaluation for anomaly detection in vehicle and ground equipment for next generation launch systems. After an introduction to IMS application development, we discuss these NASA online monitoring applications, including the integration of IMS with complementary model-based and rule-based methods. Although the examples presented in this paper are from space operations applications, IMS is a general-purpose health-monitoring tool that is also applicable to power generation and transmission system monitoring.
A hazard and operability study of anhydrous ammonia application in agriculture.
Spencer, A B; Gressel, M G
1993-11-01
Researchers from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) applied Hazard and Operability (HAZOP) analysis to examine hazards during the use of anhydrous ammonia by farmers. This analysis evaluated the storage, transfer, and application of anhydrous ammonia, identifying credible hazard scenarios, practical solutions, and research needs. Ninety-five findings were developed that are of use to farmers, distributors of ammonia and application equipment, and manufacturers of application equipment. The findings generally involve training, equipment design changes, preventive maintenance, and material compatibilities. The HAZOP team found that additional safety features need to be developed or implemented. The study also pointed out where correct operator procedure and preventive maintenance can prevent inadvertent releases. Other inadvertent releases are caused by incompatible materials, or by using equipment in ways other than intended. Several examples of the findings are given to emphasize the HAZOP technique and the high-risk scenarios. Strategies for dissemination to the agricultural community are presented. PMID:8256691
A Rapidly Deployable Operational Mesoscale Modeling System for Emergency-Response Applications.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Warner, Thomas T.; Bowers, James F.; Swerdlin, Scott P.; Beitler, Brian A.
2004-05-01
An operational mesoscale model based forecasting system has been developed for use by U.S. Army Test and Evaluation Command meteorologists in their support of test-range operations. This paper reports on the adaptation of this system to permit its rapid deployment in support of a variety of civilian and military emergency-response applications. The innovation that allows for this rapid deployment is an intuitive graphical user interface that permits a non-expert to quickly configure the model for a new application, and launch the forecast system to produce operational products without further intervention. The graphical interface is Web based and can be run on a wireless laptop or a personal digital assistant in the field. The instructions for configuring the modeling system are transmitted to a compute engine [generally a personal computer (PC) cluster], and forecast products are placed on a Web site that can be accessed by emergency responders or other forecast users. This system has been used operationally for predicting the potential transport and dispersion of hazardous material during the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, Utah, and during military operations in Afghanistan. It has also been used operationally to satisfy the rapidly evolving needs of wildfire managers. Continued use of the modeling system by nonexperts will allow developers to refine the graphical interface and make the model and the interface more fault tolerant with respect to the decisions of model users.(The National Center for Atmospheric Research is sponsored by the National Science Foundation
Li, Huiying; Hopke, Philip K; Liu, Xiande; Du, Xiaoming; Li, Fasheng
2015-03-01
Surface water monitoring networks play an important role in the stream water quality management. Since a time series of data is obtained from the monitoring network, multivariate statistical techniques can be used to identify important factors or pollution sources of water system. Positive matrix factorization (PMF) is an improved factor analysis tool that has had limited application to water systems. The objective was to apply PMF to monitoring data to apportion water pollution sources in the Daliao River (DLR) basin. The DLR basin includes the Hun and Taizi River catchments in northeast China. This basin is densely populated and heavily industrialized. Fourteen monitoring stations located on the two rivers were used for monitoring 13 physical and chemical parameters from 1990 to 2002. Results show that five sources/processes in the Hun River and four in the Taizi River were identified by marker species and spatial-temporal variations of resolved factors, including point and nonpoint sources for both rivers. In addition, the industrial pollution source emission inventory data were used to compare with the resolved industrial sources. Results reveal that chemical transformations have influenced some chemical species. However, this influence is small compared with observed seasonal variations. Therefore, identification of pollution point and nonpoint sources by their seasonal variations is possible, which will also aid in water quality management. The spatial variation of the industrial pollutants typically corresponded with the urban industrial pollution source inventories. PMID:25655122
Li, Dong-Ying; Liu, Xiao-Qian; Feng, Wei-Hong; Wang, Zhi-Min; Yi, Hong; Meng, Qing-Ju
2013-11-01
To investigate the feasible application of the bioassay method in the evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine sustained-release preparations, develop a rapid drug-release evaluation method in vitro for multi-component preparations, and replace the biological activity determination method characterizing the overall behavior with the existing drug-release evaluation method for single component, in order to give better instruction for sustained-release preparations. HPLC was adopted to determine dissolution media, drug releasing rates, and accumulative releasing of active ingredients (salvianolic acid B, protocatechuic aldehyde and rosmarinic acid) of Salvia Miltiorrhiza hydrophilic gel matrix tablets. The ultraviolet spectroscopy was adopted to determine the antioxidant activity of release media, and evaluate the correlation between the drug-time curve of various drug components and the drug-time curve of the total antioxidant activity. The correlation coefficient between the drug-release curve of various components and the drug-time curve of the total antioxidant activity was higher than the critical value r 0.898 (P < 0.001). This indicated that the drug-release curve of the three phenolic acids and the drug-time curve of the total antioxidant activity had a good correlation in different conditions, such as dissolution media, release rates and component ratios. The bioassay method for determination was feasible, simple and convenient for preparation quality evaluation and prescription design in the place of in vitro dissolution. PMID:24558869
Grishok, Alla
Web Application Security Standards and Practices Page 1 of 13 Web Application Security Standard Operating Environment (SOE) V1 1 (2). Columbia University Web Application Security Standards and Practices Objective and Scope Effective Date: January 2011 This Web Application Security Standards and Practices
Martens, Jon S. (Sunnyvale, CA); Hietala, Vincent M. (Placitas, NM); Plut, Thomas A. (Albuquerque, NM)
1995-01-01
The present invention comprises a novel matrix amplifier. The matrix amplifier includes an active superconducting power divider (ASPD) having N output ports; N distributed amplifiers each operatively connected to one of the N output ports of the ASPD; and a power combiner having N input ports each operatively connected to one of the N distributed amplifiers. The distributed amplifier can included M stages of amplification by cascading superconducting active devices. The power combiner can include N active elements. The resulting (N.times.M) matrix amplifier can produce signals of high output power, large bandwidth, and low noise.
Martens, J.S.; Hietala, V.M.; Plut, T.A.
1995-01-03
The present invention comprises a novel matrix amplifier. The matrix amplifier includes an active superconducting power divider (ASPD) having N output ports; N distributed amplifiers each operatively connected to one of the N output ports of the ASPD; and a power combiner having N input ports each operatively connected to one of the N distributed amplifiers. The distributed amplifier can included M stages of amplification by cascading superconducting active devices. The power combiner can include N active elements. The resulting (N[times]M) matrix amplifier can produce signals of high output power, large bandwidth, and low noise. 6 figures.
Comments on the 1950s applications and extensions of Skinner's operant psychology
Morris, Edward K.
2003-01-01
These comments address Laties', Dewsbury's, and Rutherford's papers on the extension and application of Skinner's operant psychology during the 1950s. I begin by reflecting on the papers' overall theme—that the success of behavior analysis lies in its practical applications—and add some comments on Planck's principle. I then turn to the three papers and address such topics as (a) other applications and extensions (e.g., the U.S. space program), (b) relations between the research and researchers at the Yerkes Laboratories of Primate Biology (e.g., a Yerkes' researcher in Skinner's laboratory), and (c) human schedule performance (e.g., continuity and discontinuity with nonhuman behavior). I end with a discussion of the fundamental reason for the success of the extensions and applications of behavior analysis—the experimental analysis of behavior. PMID:22478408
Sixth Annual Workshop on Space Operations Applications and Research (SOAR 1992), volume 2
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Krishen, Kumar (editor)
1993-01-01
This document contains papers presented at the Space Operations, Applications, and Research Symposium (SOAR) hosted by the U.S. Air Force (USAF) on 4-6 Aug. 1992. The symposium was cosponsored by the Air Force Material Command and by NASA/JSC. Key technical areas covered during the symposium were robotics and telepresence, automation and intelligent systems, human factors, life sciences, and space maintenance and servicing. The SOAR differed from most other conferences in that it was concerned with Government-sponsored research and development relevant to aerospace operations. Symposium proceedings include papers covering various disciplines presented by experts from NASA, the USAF, universities, and industry.
Seventh Annual Workshop on Space Operations Applications and Research (SOAR 1993), volume 2
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Krishen, Kumar (editor)
1994-01-01
This document contains papers presented at the Space Operations, Applications and Research Symposium (SOAR) Symposium hosted by NASA/Johnson Space Center (JSC) and cosponsored by NASA/JSC and U.S. Air Force Materiel Command. SOAR included NASA and USAF programmatic overviews, plenary session, panel discussions, panel sessions, and exhibits. It invited technical papers in support of U.S. Army, U.S. Navy, Department of Energy, NASA, and USAF programs in the following areas: robotics and telepresence, automation and intelligent systems, human factors, life support, and space maintenance and servicing. SOAR was concerned with Government-sponsored research and development relevant to aerospace operations.
The application of time-motion study principles to retail flower store operations
Tolle, Leon J., Jr
1952-01-01
COMPLETED ASSEMBLY& THE SAME PROCEDURE WAS USED AS THAT USED FOR THE PROCESS FLOW CHARTS' THE OPERATION ANALYSIS CHART (2) V&AS USED TO PRESENT THIS DATA ANALYSIS OF NIETHODS AND MINUTE MOTIONS: CO-ORDINATED WITH THE GROSS MOTIONS ANALYSI S WAS A PREI... TRAFFIC OF MATERIALS AND SUPPL IE'S WHICH WILL BE THE RESULT SINCE THE OPERATIONS DIAGRAMMED IN FIGURES 4 AND 5 ARE GENERALLY APPLICABLE TO ALL FLOWER STORES& THE BASIC ANALYSIS OF THESE CHARTS IS ALSO BENEFICIAL IN IMPROVING LAYOUTS IN ANY FLOWER...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-01-01
...Notice of proposed action on applications for operating licenses pursuant...Power Plants of Identical Design at Multiple Sites § 2...Notice of proposed action on applications for operating licenses pursuant...part 50. In the case of applications pursuant to...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-01-01
...Notice of proposed action on applications for operating licenses pursuant...Power Plants of Identical Design at Multiple Sites § 2...Notice of proposed action on applications for operating licenses pursuant...part 50. In the case of applications pursuant to...
Metal matrix composites for aircraft propulsion systems
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Signorelli, R. A.
1975-01-01
Studies of advanced aircraft propulsion systems have indicated that performance gains and operating costs are possible through the application of metal matrix composites. Compressor fan blades and turbine blades have been identified as components with high payoff potential as a result of these studies. This paper will present the current status of development of five candidate materials for such applications. Boron fiber/aluminum, boron fiber/titanium, and silicon carbide fiber/titanium composites are considered for lightweight compressor fan blades. Directionally solidified eutectic superalloy and tungsten wire/superalloy composites are considered for application to turbine blades for use temperatures to 1100 C (2000 F).
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
-catalysts for application in PEMFCs operating under automotive applications A. Stassi, I. Gatto, G. Monforte, V. Baglio, E cell (PEMFC). Two different thermal treatments were investigated i.e. 600 ° and 800 °C corresponding. Both catalysts showed good performance under PEMFC operation; however, the catalyst characterised
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sharma, Sandeep
2015-01-01
We extend our previous work [S. Sharma and G. K.-L. Chan, J. Chem. Phys. 136, 124121 (2012)], which described a spin-adapted (SU(2) symmetry) density matrix renormalization group algorithm, to additionally utilize general non-Abelian point group symmetries. A key strength of the present formulation is that the requisite tensor operators are not hard-coded for each symmetry group, but are instead generated on the fly using the appropriate Clebsch-Gordan coefficients. This allows our single implementation to easily enable (or disable) any non-Abelian point group symmetry (including SU(2) spin symmetry). We use our implementation to compute the ground state potential energy curve of the C2 dimer in the cc-pVQZ basis set (with a frozen-core), corresponding to a Hilbert space dimension of 1012 many-body states. While our calculated energy lies within the 0.3 mEh error bound of previous initiator full configuration interaction quantum Monte Carlo and correlation energy extrapolation by intrinsic scaling calculations, our estimated residual error is only 0.01 mEh, much more accurate than these previous estimates. Due to the additional efficiency afforded by the algorithm, the excitation energies (Te) of eight lowest lying excited states: a3?u, b 3 ?g - , A1?u, c 3 ?u + , B1?g, B ' 1 ?g + , d3?g, and C1?g are calculated, which agree with experimentally derived values to better than 0.06 eV. In addition, we also compute the potential energy curves of twelve states: the three lowest levels for each of the irreducible representations 1 ?g + , 1 ?u + , 1 ?g - , and 1 ?u - , to an estimated accuracy of 0.1 mEh of the exact result in this basis.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Shin, E. Eugene; Thesken, John C.; Sutter, James K.; Chuang, Kathy; Juhas, John; Veverka, Adrienne; Inghram, Linda; Papadopoulos, Demetrios; Burke, Chris; Scheiman, Dan
2003-01-01
A lightweight sandwich support structure, for the combustor chamber of a new generation liquid propellant rocket engine, was designed and fabricated using a polymer matrix composite (PMC) facesheet on a Ti honeycomb core. The PMC facesheet consisted of high stiffness carbon fiber, M40JB, and high temperature Polyimides, such as PMR-II-50 and HFPE-II-52. Six different fiber architectures; four harness satin (4HS) woven fabric, uni-tape, woven-uni hybrid, stitched woven fabric, stitched uni-tape and triaxial braided structures have been investigated for optimum stiffness-thickness-weight-hygrothermal performance design criteria for the hygrothermal-mechanical propulsion service exposure conditions including rapid heating up to 200 F/sec, maximum operating temperature of 600 F, internal pressure up to 100 psi. One of the specific objectives in this study is to improve composite blistering resistance in z-direction at minimum expense of in-plane mechanical properties. An extensive property-performance database including dry-wet mechanical properties at various temperatures, thermal-physical properties, such as blistering onset condition was generated for fiber architecture down-selection and design guidelines. Various optimized process methods such as vacuum bag compression molding, solvent assistant resin transfer molding (SaRTM), resin film infusion (RFI) and autoclaving were utilized for PMC panel fabrication depending on the architecture type. In the case of stitched woven fabric architecture, the stitch pattern in terms of stitch density and yarn size was optimized based on both in-plane mechanical properties and blistering performance. Potential reduction of the in-plane properties transverse to the line of stitching was also evaluated. Efforts have been made to correlate the experimental results with theoretical micro-mechanics predictions. Changes in deformation mechanism and failure sequences in terms of fiber architecture will be discussed.
Operational testing and applications of the AIRS FPA with infrared fisheye optics
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Baxter, Christopher R.; Massie, Mark A.; Bartolac, Thomas J.
2003-01-01
Nova's development of the "Modular Infrared Imaging Applications Development System" (MIRIADS) produced a longwave infrared (LWIR) camera system that operated the "Adaptive Infrared Sensor" (AIRS) focal plane device produced by the Raytheon Infrared Operations (RIO) organization. A novel system architecture permitted the integration of an infrared fisheye lens system produced by Optics 1, Inc., which permitted a complete hemispherical field of view to be imaged onto the AIRS FPA. This paper will describe applications for this system as an extremely wide field-of-view IR sensor (early warning detection, fire detection, etc.), and will present test imagery collected with the system. This technology advancement has been the result of the coordinated effort of a variety of companies and government agencies. This presentation will highlight significant contributions of individuals and will indicate the effectiveness of the Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) program in helping to advance this nation's technology base.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Perkins, Sharon; Martin, Andrea; Bavinger, Bill
1990-01-01
The Trajectory Operations Applications Software Task (TOAST) is a software development project whose purpose is to provide trajectory operation pre-mission and real-time support for the Space Shuttle. The purpose of the evaluation was to evaluate TOAST as an Application Manager - to assess current and planned capabilities, compare capabilities to commercially-available off the shelf (COTS) software, and analyze requirements of MCC and Flight Analysis Design System (FADS) for TOAST implementation. As a major part of the data gathering for the evaluation, interviews were conducted with NASA and contractor personnel. Real-time and flight design users, orbit navigation users, the TOAST developers, and management were interviewed. Code reviews and demonstrations were also held. Each of these interviews was videotaped and transcribed as appropriate. Transcripts were edited and are presented chronologically.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sun, Yuanshan
1990-01-01
A matrix method of solution for a set of coupled Boltzmann equations and its applications to the thermal transport across boundaries in superfluid ^3 He and the femtosecond relaxation of laser-excited electrons in GaAs are presented in this dissertation. In the first part, the temperature and normal fluid velocity of superfluid ^3He between parallel plates have been calculated in the presense of a stationary heat flow normal to the plates. The system is modelled by Landau-Boltzmann equation and a diffuse scattering mechanism at the boundaries. In the hydrodynamic regime the temperature jump at the wall turns out to be small, but it replaced by a large amplitude exponential regime of macroscopic characteristic length. The three Onsager coefficients proposed recently by Grabinski and Liu are determined. In the Knudsen regime the thermal boundary resistance is found to increase exponentially with decreasing temperature. The case of ^4He is briefly discussed. In the second part, the transient distribution functions of laser-excited electrons in the Gamma and L valleys are presented by solving a set of coupled rate equations resulting from the coarse graining of the Boltzmann equation. The distribution functions obtained from this new method agree extremely well with those obtained from the more computationally intensive Monte Carlo approach. On a longer time scale, oscillations occur in the distribution functions and agree with those obtained from hot luminescence spectrum. The separation in energy between the peaks of the electron distribution in the conduction band clearly shows the role of polar optic phonon scattering in the relaxation processes. Our results also show that a shoulder-like feature in the luminescence spectrum above 0.3eV is not due to the emission of an 8meV TA phonon as originally suggested.
R. Huber; M. Wojtkowski; J. G. Fujimoto
2006-01-01
We demonstrate a new technique for frequency-swept laser operation--Fourier domain mode locking (FDML)--and its application for swept-source optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging. FDML is analogous to active laser mode locking for short pulse generation, except that the spectrum rather than the amplitude of the light field is modulated. High-speed, narrowband optical frequency sweeps are generated with a repetition period equal
NSDL National Science Digital Library
COMET
1999-07-23
This Web-based module is a component of the Integrated Sensor Training (IST) Professional Development Series (PDS) Professional Competency Unit #6-Satellite Data and Products. This module provides a closer look at the capabilities, products, and applications available to operational weather forecasting with the present suite of microwave instruments onboard both NOAA and DMSP satellites. If you wish, you may launch the module from this page.
Borovoi, Anatoli; Konoshonkin, Alexander; Kustova, Natalia; Okamoto, Hajime
2012-12-17
A general view of the backscattering Mueller matrix for the quasi-horizontally oriented hexagonal ice crystals of cirrus clouds has been obtained in the case of tilted and scanning lidars. It is shown that the main properties of this matrix are caused by contributions from two qualitatively different components referred to the specular and corner-reflection terms. The numerical calculation of the matrix is worked out in the physical optics approximation. These matrices calculated for two wavelengths and two tilt angles (initial and present) of CALIPSO lidar are presented as a data bank. The depolarization and color ratios for these data have been obtained and discussed. PMID:23263056
Constanza Rojas-Molina
2011-10-31
We study the Anderson metal-insulator transition for non ergodic random Schr\\"odinger operators in both annealed and quenched regimes, based on a dynamical approach of localization, improving known results for ergodic operators into this more general setting. In the procedure, we reformulate the Bootstrap Multiscale Analysis of Germinet and Klein to fit the non ergodic setting. We obtain uniform Wegner Estimates needed to perform this adapted Multiscale Analysis in the case of Delone-Anderson type potentials, that is, Anderson potentials modeling aperiodic solids, where the impurities lie on a Delone set rather than a lattice, yielding a break of ergodicity. As an application we study the Landau operator with a Delone-Anderson potential and show the existence of a mobility edge between regions of dynamical localization and dynamical delocalization.
Secchieri, M.; Benassi, C.A.; Pastore, S.; Semenzato, A.; Bettero, A.; Levorato, M.; Guerrato, A. (Universita di Padova, Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche (Italy))
1991-07-01
A method for the quail-quantitative evaluation of pentachlorophenol (PCP) in solid matrixes has been developed. The procedure is based on solid-liquid extraction of solid samples (leather or wood), followed by purification on a cyanopropyl column and determination of the preservative by second derivative UV spectroscopy considering the PCP A peak-through value (304-297 nm). The method allows rapid PCP determination in the concentration range 1-40 micrograms/mL; any matrix interference is avoided by the purification step and recoveries of the preservative were 99.12% (RSD% 0.13) for the leather matrix and 98.03 (RSD% 0.17) for the wood matrix.
2009-01-01
Background Experts in peptide:MHC binding studies are often able to estimate the impact of a single residue substitution based on a heuristic understanding of amino acid similarity in an experimental context. Our aim is to quantify this measure of similarity to improve peptide:MHC binding prediction methods. This should help compensate for holes and bias in the sequence space coverage of existing peptide binding datasets. Results Here, a novel amino acid similarity matrix (PMBEC) is directly derived from the binding affinity data of combinatorial peptide mixtures. Like BLOSUM62, this matrix captures well-known physicochemical properties of amino acid residues. However, PMBEC differs markedly from existing matrices in cases where residue substitution involves a reversal of electrostatic charge. To demonstrate its usefulness, we have developed a new peptide:MHC class I binding prediction method, using the matrix as a Bayesian prior. We show that the new method can compensate for missing information on specific residues in the training data. We also carried out a large-scale benchmark, and its results indicate that prediction performance of the new method is comparable to that of the best neural network based approaches for peptide:MHC class I binding. Conclusion A novel amino acid similarity matrix has been derived for peptide:MHC binding interactions. One prominent feature of the matrix is that it disfavors substitution of residues with opposite charges. Given that the matrix was derived from experimentally determined peptide:MHC binding affinity measurements, this feature is likely shared by all peptide:protein interactions. In addition, we have demonstrated the usefulness of the matrix as a Bayesian prior in an improved scoring-matrix based peptide:MHC class I prediction method. A software implementation of the method is available at: http://www.mhc-pathway.net/smmpmbec. PMID:19948066
Meng, Fan; Yang, Xiaomei; Zhou, Chenghu
2014-01-01
This paper studies the problem of the restoration of images corrupted by mixed Gaussian-impulse noise. In recent years, low-rank matrix reconstruction has become a research hotspot in many scientific and engineering domains such as machine learning, image processing, computer vision and bioinformatics, which mainly involves the problem of matrix completion and robust principal component analysis, namely recovering a low-rank matrix from an incomplete but accurate sampling subset of its entries and from an observed data matrix with an unknown fraction of its entries being arbitrarily corrupted, respectively. Inspired by these ideas, we consider the problem of recovering a low-rank matrix from an incomplete sampling subset of its entries with an unknown fraction of the samplings contaminated by arbitrary errors, which is defined as the problem of matrix completion from corrupted samplings and modeled as a convex optimization problem that minimizes a combination of the nuclear norm and the -norm in this paper. Meanwhile, we put forward a novel and effective algorithm called augmented Lagrange multipliers to exactly solve the problem. For mixed Gaussian-impulse noise removal, we regard it as the problem of matrix completion from corrupted samplings, and restore the noisy image following an impulse-detecting procedure. Compared with some existing methods for mixed noise removal, the recovery quality performance of our method is dominant if images possess low-rank features such as geometrically regular textures and similar structured contents; especially when the density of impulse noise is relatively high and the variance of Gaussian noise is small, our method can outperform the traditional methods significantly not only in the simultaneous removal of Gaussian noise and impulse noise, and the restoration ability for a low-rank image matrix, but also in the preservation of textures and details in the image. PMID:25248103
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bahar, Ezekiel
2005-11-01
Since biological materials possess some degree of chirality a full wave solution for the scattering of electromagnetic waves (including optical and infra-red wavelengths) at an irregular interface between free space and a chiral medium is derived. To this and the electromagnetic fields are expressed in terms of Generalized Fourier Transforms. These transforms provide the basis for converting Maxwells equations, together with the associated exact boundary conditions, into Gneralized Telegraphists' Equations for irregular stratified media. Scattered near fields as well as far fields can be obtained from the solutions for the Generalized Telegraphists equations. The Mueller elements are related to the linear like and cross polarized far field scattering matrix. All sixteen Mueller Matrix elements of Bio-Medical Materials are examined. Special attention is given to the eight quasi off diagonal elements of the Mueller Matrix in order to examine the feasibility for detection and identification of bio-medical materials. The specific impact of chirality on the Mueller Matrix elements is analyzed. It is shown that (to within first order of the chirality parameter) only the eight quasi off diagonal elements of the Mueller Matrix are effected by the chiral property of the bio-medical materials. This reinforces the experimental observation from previous scattering experiments that the quasi off diagonal Mueller Matrix elements could provide a basis for bio-medical detection and identification. The analysis provides the explicit relationship between the quasi off diagonal elements and the degree of chirality of the bio-medical materials.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Osorio, Ivan; Lai, Ying-Cheng
2011-09-01
We present a general method to analyze multichannel time series that are becoming increasingly common in many areas of science and engineering. Of particular interest is the degree of synchrony among various channels, motivated by the recognition that characterization of synchrony in a system consisting of many interacting components can provide insights into its fundamental dynamics. Often such a system is complex, high-dimensional, nonlinear, nonstationary, and noisy, rendering unlikely complete synchronization in which the dynamical variables from individual components approach each other asymptotically. Nonetheless, a weaker type of synchrony that lasts for a finite amount of time, namely, phase synchronization, can be expected. Our idea is to calculate the average phase-synchronization times from all available pairs of channels and then to construct a matrix. Due to nonlinearity and stochasticity, the matrix is effectively random. Moreover, since the diagonal elements of the matrix can be arbitrarily large, the matrix can be singular. To overcome this difficulty, we develop a random-matrix based criterion for proper choosing of the diagonal matrix elements. Monitoring of the eigenvalues and the determinant provides a powerful way to assess changes in synchrony. The method is tested using a prototype nonstationary noisy dynamical system, electroencephalogram (scalp) data from absence seizures for which enhanced cortico-thalamic synchrony is presumed, and electrocorticogram (intracranial) data from subjects having partial seizures with secondary generalization for which enhanced local synchrony is similarly presumed.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Medical Matrix is a Web resource that offers a database of Internet clinical medicine resources. Medical Matrix categorizes resources by disease, specialty, and other interest areas. It is designed as a "home page" for a physician's or healthworker's computer. Medical Matrix is a project of the Internet Working Group of the American Medical Informatics Association.
Fan Hongyi [Department of Material Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200030 (China)], E-mail: fhym@sjtu.edu.cn
2008-02-15
We show that the technique of integration within normal ordering of operators [Hong-yi Fan, Hai-liang Lu, Yue Fan, Ann. Phys. 321 (2006) 480-494] applied to tackling Newton-Leibniz integration over ket-bra projection operators, can be generalized to the technique of integration within Weyl ordered product (IWWOP) of operators. The Weyl ordering symbol is introduced to find the Wigner operator's Weyl ordering form {delta}(p,q) = {delta}(p - P){delta}(q - Q) , and to find operators' Weyl ordered expansion formula. A remarkable property is that Weyl ordering of operators is covariant under similarity transformation, so it has many applications in quantum statistics and signal analysis. Thus the invention of the IWWOP technique promotes the progress of Dirac's symbolic method.
Chen, Zhenhua; Chen, Xun; Wu, Wei
2013-04-28
In this series, the n-body reduced density matrix (n-RDM) approach for nonorthogonal orbitals and their applications to ab initio valence bond (VB) methods are presented. As the first paper of this series, Hamiltonian matrix elements between internally contracted VB wave functions are explicitly provided by means of nonorthogonal orbital based RDM approach. To this end, a more generalized Wick's theorem, called enhanced Wick's theorem, is presented both in arithmetical and in graphical forms, by which the deduction of expressions for the matrix elements between internally contracted VB wave functions is dramatically simplified, and the matrix elements are finally expressed in terms of tensor contractions of electronic integrals and n-RDMs of the reference VB self-consistent field wave function. A string-based algorithm is developed for the purpose of evaluating n-RDMs in an efficient way. Using the techniques presented in this paper, one is able to develop new methods and efficient algorithms for nonorthogonal orbital based many-electron theory much easier than by use of the first quantized formulism. PMID:23635123
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Chen, Zhenhua; Chen, Xun; Wu, Wei
2013-04-01
In this series, the n-body reduced density matrix (n-RDM) approach for nonorthogonal orbitals and their applications to ab initio valence bond (VB) methods are presented. As the first paper of this series, Hamiltonian matrix elements between internally contracted VB wave functions are explicitly provided by means of nonorthogonal orbital based RDM approach. To this end, a more generalized Wick's theorem, called enhanced Wick's theorem, is presented both in arithmetical and in graphical forms, by which the deduction of expressions for the matrix elements between internally contracted VB wave functions is dramatically simplified, and the matrix elements are finally expressed in terms of tensor contractions of electronic integrals and n-RDMs of the reference VB self-consistent field wave function. A string-based algorithm is developed for the purpose of evaluating n-RDMs in an efficient way. Using the techniques presented in this paper, one is able to develop new methods and efficient algorithms for nonorthogonal orbital based many-electron theory much easier than by use of the first quantized formulism.
Gulpinar, Kamil; Pampal, Arzu; Ozis, S Erpulat; Kuzu, M Ayhan
2013-01-01
Pilonidal sinus (PS) is an acquired disease at the sacrococcygeal region that can be treated by different surgical techniques. Crystallised phenol application seems to be an alternative therapy to surgery with higher success rates, lower costs, faster recovery and earlier return to work. We aimed to state the success of phenol application for PS in adolescence. A 14-year-old boy with recurrent PS, an 18-year-old girl with the history of pilonidal abscess and a 15-year-old girl with PS was hospitalised. All patients underwent phenol application in an outpatient setting. The patients were followed thereafter. The 14-year-old boy and 18-year-old girl did not face any problems and all sinuses healed completely. The 15-year-old girl was followed for 2?weeks because of intergluteal maceration and ongoing drainage. She underwent another phenol application and the course after intervention was uneventful with complete healing of the sinus. Crystallised phenol application seems to be a promising non-operative therapy for PS in adolescents. PMID:23559647
Lingua, Andrea; Marenchino, Davide; Nex, Francesco
2009-01-01
In the photogrammetry field, interest in region detectors, which are widely used in Computer Vision, is quickly increasing due to the availability of new techniques. Images acquired by Mobile Mapping Technology, Oblique Photogrammetric Cameras or Unmanned Aerial Vehicles do not observe normal acquisition conditions. Feature extraction and matching techniques, which are traditionally used in photogrammetry, are usually inefficient for these applications as they are unable to provide reliable results under extreme geometrical conditions (convergent taking geometry, strong affine transformations, etc.) and for bad-textured images. A performance analysis of the SIFT technique in aerial and close-range photogrammetric applications is presented in this paper. The goal is to establish the suitability of the SIFT technique for automatic tie point extraction and approximate DSM (Digital Surface Model) generation. First, the performances of the SIFT operator have been compared with those provided by feature extraction and matching techniques used in photogrammetry. All these techniques have been implemented by the authors and validated on aerial and terrestrial images. Moreover, an auto-adaptive version of the SIFT operator has been developed, in order to improve the performances of the SIFT detector in relation to the texture of the images. The Auto-Adaptive SIFT operator (A(2) SIFT) has been validated on several aerial images, with particular attention to large scale aerial images acquired using mini-UAV systems. PMID:22412336
Lingua, Andrea; Marenchino, Davide; Nex, Francesco
2009-01-01
In the photogrammetry field, interest in region detectors, which are widely used in Computer Vision, is quickly increasing due to the availability of new techniques. Images acquired by Mobile Mapping Technology, Oblique Photogrammetric Cameras or Unmanned Aerial Vehicles do not observe normal acquisition conditions. Feature extraction and matching techniques, which are traditionally used in photogrammetry, are usually inefficient for these applications as they are unable to provide reliable results under extreme geometrical conditions (convergent taking geometry, strong affine transformations, etc.) and for bad-textured images. A performance analysis of the SIFT technique in aerial and close-range photogrammetric applications is presented in this paper. The goal is to establish the suitability of the SIFT technique for automatic tie point extraction and approximate DSM (Digital Surface Model) generation. First, the performances of the SIFT operator have been compared with those provided by feature extraction and matching techniques used in photogrammetry. All these techniques have been implemented by the authors and validated on aerial and terrestrial images. Moreover, an auto-adaptive version of the SIFT operator has been developed, in order to improve the performances of the SIFT detector in relation to the texture of the images. The Auto-Adaptive SIFT operator (A2 SIFT) has been validated on several aerial images, with particular attention to large scale aerial images acquired using mini-UAV systems. PMID:22412336
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Mukhopadhyay, V.; Newsom, J. R.
1982-01-01
A stability margin evaluation method in terms of simultaneous gain and phase changes in all loops of a multiloop system is presented. A universal gain-phase margin evaluation diagram is constructed by generalizing an existing method using matrix singular value properties. Using this diagram and computing the minimum singular value of the system return difference matrix over the operating frequency range, regions of guaranteed stability margins can be obtained. Singular values are computed for a wing flutter suppression and a drone lateral attitude control problem. The numerical results indicate that this method predicts quite conservative stability margins. In the second example if the eigenvalue magnitude is used instead of the singular value, as a measure of nearness to singularity, more realistic stability margins are obtained. However, this relaxed measure generally cannot guarantee global stability.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Zhang, Gang; Yang, Jianhong
2013-11-01
The TiB2 matrix ceramics reinforced by aluminum borate whiskers (Al18B4O33 w) had been prepared by the pressureless sintering method. The mechanical properties and densification behavior of the TiB2 matrix ceramics were investigated. The results showed that Al18B4O33 w was in situ synthesized by the reaction of boehmite (AlOOH) and TiB2 powders during the sintering process. Increasing the sintering temperature had benefited for densification of the TiB2 matrix ceramics. Al18B4O33 w could increase the flexural strength and Vicker's hardness. It is obtained that the maximum value Vicker's hardness with 1.81 GPa and flexural strength with 82 MPa for samples sintered at 1600°C.
The application of total quality management principles to spacecraft mission operations
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Sweetin, Maury
1993-01-01
By now, the philosophies of Total Quality Management have had an impact on every aspect of American industrial life. The trail-blazing work of Deming, Juran, and Crosby, first implemented in Japan, has 're-migrated' across the Pacific and now plays a growing role in America's management culture. While initially considered suited only for a manufacturing environment, TQM has moved rapidly into the 'service' areas of offices, sales forces, and even fast-food restaurants. The next logical step has also been taken - TQM has found its way into virtually all departments of the Federal Government, including NASA. Because of this widespread success, it seems fair to ask whether this new discipline is directly applicable to the profession of spacecraft operations. The results of quality emphasis on OAO Corporation's contract at JPL provide strong support for Total Quality Management as a useful tool in spacecraft operations.
The application of total quality management principles to spacecraft mission operations
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sweetin, Maury
1993-03-01
By now, the philosophies of Total Quality Management have had an impact on every aspect of American industrial life. The trail-blazing work of Deming, Juran, and Crosby, first implemented in Japan, has 're-migrated' across the Pacific and now plays a growing role in America's management culture. While initially considered suited only for a manufacturing environment, TQM has moved rapidly into the 'service' areas of offices, sales forces, and even fast-food restaurants. The next logical step has also been taken - TQM has found its way into virtually all departments of the Federal Government, including NASA. Because of this widespread success, it seems fair to ask whether this new discipline is directly applicable to the profession of spacecraft operations. The results of quality emphasis on OAO Corporation's contract at JPL provide strong support for Total Quality Management as a useful tool in spacecraft operations.