Science.gov

Sample records for operations limited model

  1. 75 FR 28463 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE SYSTEMS (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 Airplanes and Model Avro...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-21

    ...-16301; AD 2010-10-22] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; BAE SYSTEMS (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 Airplanes and Model Avro 146-RJ Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA... airworthiness directive (AD), which applies to Model BAe 146 airplanes and Model Avro 146-RJ airplanes. That...

  2. 75 FR 10701 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE SYSTEMS (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 Airplanes and Model Avro...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-09

    ... (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 Airplanes and Model Avro 146-RJ Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation... directive (AD) that applies to all Model BAe 146 airplanes and Model Avro 146-RJ airplanes. The original.... ADDRESSES: You may send comments by any of the following methods: Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to...

  3. 40 CFR Table 3 to Subpart Dddd of... - Model Rule-Operating Limits for Wet Scrubbers

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Model Rule-Operating Limits for Wet Scrubbers 3 Table 3 to Subpart DDDD of Part 60 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY...—Model Rule—Operating Limits for Wet Scrubbers For these operating parameters You must establish...

  4. 40 CFR Table 3 to Subpart Dddd of... - Model Rule-Operating Limits for Wet Scrubbers

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Model Rule-Operating Limits for Wet Scrubbers 3 Table 3 to Subpart DDDD of Part 60 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY...—Model Rule—Operating Limits for Wet Scrubbers For these operating parameters You must establish...

  5. 76 FR 53348 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE SYSTEMS (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 Airplanes and Model Avro...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-26

    ... (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 Airplanes and Model Avro 146-RJ Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation... send comments by any of the following methods: Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations... proposed AD. Discussion On May 3, 2010, we issued AD 2010-10-22, Amendment 39-16301 (75 FR 28463, May...

  6. 76 FR 2281 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE SYSTEMS (OPERATIONS) LIMITED Model BAe 146 Airplanes, and Model...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-13

    ... (OPERATIONS) LIMITED Model BAe 146 Airplanes, and Model Avro 146-RJ Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation... comments by any of the following methods: Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov... this proposed AD. Discussion On June 14, 2005, we issued AD 2005-13-19, Amendment 39-14156 (70 FR...

  7. Does model structure limit the use of satellite data as hydrologic forcing for distributed operational models?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bowman, A. L.; Franz, K.; Hogue, T. S.

    2015-12-01

    We are investigating the implications for use of satellite data in operational streamflow prediction. Specifically, the consequence of potential hydrologic model structure deficiencies on the ability to achieve improved forecast accuracy through the use of satellite data. We want to understand why advanced data do not lead to improved streamflow simulations by exploring how various fluxes and states differ among models of increasing complexity. In a series of prior studies, we investigated the use of a daily satellite-derived potential evapotranspiration (PET) estimate as input to the National Weather Service (NWS) streamflow forecast models for watersheds in the Upper Mississippi and Red river basins. Although the spatial PET product appears to represent the day-to-day variability in PET more realistically than current climatological methods used by the NWS, the impact of the satellite data on streamflow simulations results in slightly poorer model efficiency overall. Analysis of the model states indicates the model progresses differently between simulations with baseline PET and the satellite-derived PET input, though variation in streamflow simulations overall is negligible. For instance, the upper zone states, responsible for the high flows of a hydrograph, show a profound difference, while simulation of the peak flows tend to show little variation in the timing and magnitude. Using the spatial PET input, the lower zone states show improvement with simulating the recession limb and baseflow portion of the hydrograph. We anticipate that through a better understanding of the relationship between model structure, model states, and simulated streamflow we will be able to diagnose why simulations of discharge from the forecast model have failed to improve when provided seemingly more representative input data. Identifying model limitations are critical to demonstrating the full benefit of a satellite data for operational use.

  8. 76 FR 64788 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE SYSTEMS (Operations) Limited Model 4101 Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-19

    ... (Operations) Limited Model 4101 Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of... by reference of certain other publications listed in this AD as of June 11, 2009 (74 FR 21246, May 7... April 8, 2011 (76 FR 19716), and proposed to supersede AD 2009-10-02, Amendment 39-15897 (74 FR...

  9. 40 CFR Table 3 to Subpart Ffff of... - Model Rule-Operating Limits for Incinerators and Wet Scrubbers

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Model Rule-Operating Limits for Incinerators and Wet Scrubbers 3 Table 3 to Subpart FFFF of Part 60 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL...—Model Rule—Operating Limits for Incinerators and Wet Scrubbers As stated in § 60.3023, you must...

  10. Regional climate model simulations indicate limited climatic impacts by operational and planned European wind farms.

    PubMed

    Vautard, Robert; Thais, Françoise; Tobin, Isabelle; Bréon, François-Marie; Devezeaux de Lavergne, Jean-Guy; Colette, Augustin; Yiou, Pascal; Ruti, Paolo Michele

    2014-01-01

    The rapid development of wind energy has raised concerns about environmental impacts. Temperature changes are found in the vicinity of wind farms and previous simulations have suggested that large-scale wind farms could alter regional climate. However, assessments of the effects of realistic wind power development scenarios at the scale of a continent are missing. Here we simulate the impacts of current and near-future wind energy production according to European Union energy and climate policies. We use a regional climate model describing the interactions between turbines and the atmosphere, and find limited impacts. A statistically significant signal is only found in winter, with changes within ±0.3 °C and within 0-5% for precipitation. It results from the combination of local wind farm effects and changes due to a weak, but robust, anticyclonic-induced circulation over Europe. However, the impacts remain much weaker than the natural climate interannual variability and changes expected from greenhouse gas emissions. PMID:24518587

  11. 76 FR 19716 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE SYSTEMS (Operations) Limited Model 4101 Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-08

    ... AD. Discussion On April 27, 2009, we issued AD 2009-10-02, Amendment 39-15897 (74 FR 21246, May 7... Maintenance Requirements'', and, --05-10-30 ``Critical Design Configuration Control Limitations (CDCCL)--Fuel... 12866; 2. Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR...

  12. DOE limited standard: Operations assessments

    SciTech Connect

    1996-05-01

    Purpose of this standard is to provide DOE Field Element assessors with a guide for conducting operations assessments, and provide DOE Field Element managers with the criteria of the EM Operations Assessment Program. Sections 6.1 to 6.21 provide examples of how to assess specific areas; the general techniques of operations assessments (Section 5) may be applied to other areas of health and safety (e.g. fire protection, criticality safety, quality assurance, occupational safety, etc.).

  13. Computational Modeling to Limit the Impact Displays and Indicator Lights Have on Habitable Volume Operational Lighting Constraints

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clark, T. E.; Salazr, G. A; Brainard, G. C.

    2016-01-01

    The goal of this investigation is to determine design limitations and architectural solutions that limit the impact light from displays and indicator lamps have on the operational environment task lighting and lighting countermeasure spectrum constraints. It is concerning that this innovative architectural lighting system, could be compromised by spectrums from display systems, architectural materials, and structures that are not considered as part a full system design implementation. The introduction of many Commercial Off the Shelf (COTS) products to the spacecraft volume that contain LEDs, without consideration to the human factors and biological constraints, is another problem. Displays and indicators are a necessary part of the spacecraft and it is the goal of this research project to determine constraints and solutions that allow these systems to be integrated while minimizing how the lighting environment is modified by them. Due to the potentially broad scope of this endeavor, the project team developed constraints for the evaluation. The evaluation will be on a set of tasks that required significant exposure in the same environment while having a large chance of impacting the light spectrum the crew is expected to receive from the architectural lighting system. The team plans to use recent HRP research on "Net Habitable Volume" [1] to provide the boundary conditions for volume size. A Zemax ® lighting model was developed of a small enclosure that had high intensity overhead lighting and a standard intensity display with LED indicator arrays. The computer model demonstrated a work surface illuminated at a high level by the overhead light source compared to displays and indicators whose light is parallel to the work plane. The overhead lighting oversaturated spectral contributions from the display and indicator at the task work surface. Interestingly, when the observer looked at the displays and LEDs within the small enclosure, their spectral contribution

  14. 14 CFR 25.1583 - Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Operating limitations. 25.1583 Section 25.1583 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY AIRPLANES Operating Limitations and Information Airplane Flight Manual § 25.1583 Operating limitations....

  15. 75 FR 53855 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-02

    ... identified in this AD, contact BAE Systems (Operations) Limited, Customer Information Department, Prestwick... products. That NPRM was published in the Federal Register on May 19, 2010 (75 FR 27959). That NPRM proposed... become brittle with age. During the production life of the aeroplane type, several methods of...

  16. 14 CFR 101.33 - Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES MOORED BALLOONS, KITES, AMATEUR ROCKETS AND UNMANNED FREE BALLOONS Unmanned Free Balloons § 101.33 Operating limitations. No person may operate an unmanned...

  17. 14 CFR 101.33 - Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES MOORED BALLOONS, KITES, AMATEUR ROCKETS AND UNMANNED FREE BALLOONS Unmanned Free Balloons § 101.33 Operating limitations. No person may operate an unmanned...

  18. 14 CFR 101.33 - Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES MOORED BALLOONS, KITES, AMATEUR ROCKETS AND UNMANNED FREE BALLOONS Unmanned Free Balloons § 101.33 Operating limitations. No person may operate an unmanned...

  19. 14 CFR 101.33 - Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES MOORED BALLOONS, KITES, AMATEUR ROCKETS AND UNMANNED FREE BALLOONS Unmanned Free Balloons § 101.33 Operating limitations. No person may operate an unmanned...

  20. 14 CFR 101.33 - Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES MOORED BALLOONS, KITES, AMATEUR ROCKETS AND UNMANNED FREE BALLOONS Unmanned Free Balloons § 101.33 Operating limitations. No person may operate an unmanned...

  1. 14 CFR 23.1583 - Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Operating limitations. 23.1583 Section 23.1583 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: NORMAL, UTILITY, ACROBATIC, AND COMMUTER CATEGORY AIRPLANES Operating Limitations and Information Airplane Flight Manual...

  2. 14 CFR 23.1583 - Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Operating limitations. 23.1583 Section 23.1583 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: NORMAL, UTILITY, ACROBATIC, AND COMMUTER CATEGORY AIRPLANES Operating Limitations and Information Airplane Flight Manual...

  3. Quantum duality, unbounded operators, and inductive limits

    SciTech Connect

    Dosi, Anar

    2010-06-15

    In this paper, we investigate the inductive limits of quantum normed (or operator) spaces. This construction allows us to treat the space of all noncommutative continuous functions over a quantum domain as a quantum (or local operator) space of all matrix continuous linear operators equipped with S-quantum topology. In particular, we classify all quantizations of the polynormed topologies compatible with the given duality proposing a noncommutative Arens-Mackey theorem. Further, the inductive limits of operator spaces are used to introduce locally compact and locally trace class unbounded operators on a quantum domain and prove the dual realization theorem for an abstract quantum space.

  4. 14 CFR 23.1583 - Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Information Airplane Flight Manual and Approved Manual Material § 23.1583 Operating limitations. The Airplane... airplane, and the recommended recovery procedures; and (iii) The airspeed limits must be shown in terms of... airplane flight manual must include— (1) The maximum weight; and (2) The maximum landing weight, if...

  5. Hydraulic actuator motion limiter ensures operator safety

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Steinmetz, C. P.

    1971-01-01

    Device regulates action of hydraulic linkage to control column to minimize hazard to operator. Primary components of device are flow rate control valve, limiter accumulator, and shutoff valve. Limiter may be incorporated into other hydraulic systems to prevent undue wear on hydraulic actuators and associated components.

  6. 14 CFR 101.13 - Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Operating limitations. 101.13 Section 101.13 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES MOORED BALLOONS, KITES, AMATEUR ROCKETS AND UNMANNED...

  7. 14 CFR 101.13 - Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Operating limitations. 101.13 Section 101.13 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES MOORED BALLOONS, KITES, AMATEUR ROCKETS AND UNMANNED...

  8. 14 CFR 101.13 - Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Operating limitations. 101.13 Section 101.13 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES MOORED BALLOONS, KITES, AMATEUR ROCKETS AND UNMANNED...

  9. 14 CFR 101.13 - Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Operating limitations. 101.13 Section 101.13 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES MOORED BALLOONS, KITES, AMATEUR ROCKETS AND UNMANNED...

  10. 14 CFR 101.13 - Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Operating limitations. 101.13 Section 101.13 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES MOORED BALLOONS, KITES, AMATEUR ROCKETS AND UNMANNED...

  11. Limited Conditions of Operations Tracking Program

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)

    1999-12-17

    The Lco tracking program is a computer based solution for tracking time limited action items for Limited Conditions of Operation (LCO) for nuclear and industrial processes. This use is not limited to any process except those not requiring specific action steps and times. The visual and audible assistance the LCO Tracking Program provides significantly reduces the chance of missing crucial actions required for safe operation of any facility in time of limited operations. The LCOmore » Tracking Program maintains all applicable action steps and times for each limited condition for the facility in its data base. The LCO Tracking Program is used to enter that condition by number, and the data base provides the applicble action steps and starts tracking their times based on the time the LCO was entered. The LCO display graphically displays, by colored bar charts, the time expired/time remaining of each specific action item. At 60% time expired, the bar chart turns yellow to caution personnel and then turns red at 90% time expired. Then an audible alarm is sounded at 95% as a warning, to finish or accomplish the required actions to satisfy the requirements. These warning and alarm limits are modifiable by the user and can be set at different values for each action. The display file is dynamic in function, checking every minute, and responds in real time to changes to the LCO Tracking Form file, providing the visual and audible warnings as to the status of the action steps chosen for display. The LCO Tracking Program efficiently tracks action times in minutes or days, up to 2 years. All current LCO''s are easily documentated using the LCO Tracking Form file with ease of printing and disposition. The Lco Tracking Program is designed as a user friendly program with navigational buttons to simplify use.« less

  12. 14 CFR 121.207 - Provisionally certificated airplanes: Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Provisionally certificated airplanes... AND OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Airplane Performance Operating Limitations § 121.207 Provisionally certificated airplanes: Operating limitations....

  13. 14 CFR 121.207 - Provisionally certificated airplanes: Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Provisionally certificated airplanes... AND OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Airplane Performance Operating Limitations § 121.207 Provisionally certificated airplanes: Operating limitations....

  14. 14 CFR 121.207 - Provisionally certificated airplanes: Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Provisionally certificated airplanes... AND OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Airplane Performance Operating Limitations § 121.207 Provisionally certificated airplanes: Operating limitations....

  15. 14 CFR 121.207 - Provisionally certificated airplanes: Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Provisionally certificated airplanes... AND OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Airplane Performance Operating Limitations § 121.207 Provisionally certificated airplanes: Operating limitations....

  16. 14 CFR 121.207 - Provisionally certificated airplanes: Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Provisionally certificated airplanes... AND OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Airplane Performance Operating Limitations § 121.207 Provisionally certificated airplanes: Operating limitations....

  17. 40 CFR 63.1346 - Operating limits for kilns.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 11 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Operating limits for kilns. 63.1346... and Operating Limits § 63.1346 Operating limits for kilns. (a) The owner or operator of a kiln subject to a D/F emission limitation under § 63.1343 must operate the kiln such that the temperature of...

  18. 40 CFR 63.1346 - Operating limits for kilns.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 12 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Operating limits for kilns. 63.1346... Emission Standards and Operating Limits § 63.1346 Operating limits for kilns. (a) The owner or operator of a kiln subject to a D/F emissions limitation under § 63.1343 must operate the kiln such that...

  19. 40 CFR 63.1346 - Operating limits for kilns.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 12 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Operating limits for kilns. 63.1346... Emission Standards and Operating Limits § 63.1346 Operating limits for kilns. (a) The owner or operator of a kiln subject to a D/F emissions limitation under § 63.1343 must operate the kiln such that...

  20. 40 CFR 63.1346 - Operating limits for kilns.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 12 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Operating limits for kilns. 63.1346... and Operating Limits § 63.1346 Operating limits for kilns. (a) The owner or operator of a kiln subject to a D/F emission limitation under § 63.1343 must operate the kiln such that the temperature of...

  1. 14 CFR 25.1505 - Maximum operating limit speed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Maximum operating limit speed. 25.1505... Operating Limitations § 25.1505 Maximum operating limit speed. The maximum operating limit speed (V MO/M MO airspeed or Mach Number, whichever is critical at a particular altitude) is a speed that may not...

  2. 14 CFR 25.1505 - Maximum operating limit speed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Maximum operating limit speed. 25.1505... Operating Limitations § 25.1505 Maximum operating limit speed. The maximum operating limit speed (V MO/M MO airspeed or Mach Number, whichever is critical at a particular altitude) is a speed that may not...

  3. 14 CFR 25.1505 - Maximum operating limit speed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Maximum operating limit speed. 25.1505... Operating Limitations § 25.1505 Maximum operating limit speed. The maximum operating limit speed (V MO/M MO airspeed or Mach Number, whichever is critical at a particular altitude) is a speed that may not...

  4. 14 CFR 25.1505 - Maximum operating limit speed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Maximum operating limit speed. 25.1505... Operating Limitations § 25.1505 Maximum operating limit speed. The maximum operating limit speed (V MO/M MO airspeed or Mach Number, whichever is critical at a particular altitude) is a speed that may not...

  5. 14 CFR 25.1505 - Maximum operating limit speed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Maximum operating limit speed. 25.1505... Operating Limitations § 25.1505 Maximum operating limit speed. The maximum operating limit speed (V MO/M MO airspeed or Mach Number, whichever is critical at a particular altitude) is a speed that may not...

  6. 14 CFR 25.1583 - Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... distribution. The weight and center of gravity limitations established under § 25.1519 must be furnished in the... weight and center of gravity limits, and to maintain the loading within these limits in flight. (3) If certification for more than one center of gravity range is requested, the appropriate limitations, with...

  7. 14 CFR 91.315 - Limited category civil aircraft: Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Limited category civil aircraft: Operating... Flight Operations § 91.315 Limited category civil aircraft: Operating limitations. No person may operate a limited category civil aircraft carrying persons or property for compensation or hire....

  8. 14 CFR 91.315 - Limited category civil aircraft: Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Limited category civil aircraft: Operating... Flight Operations § 91.315 Limited category civil aircraft: Operating limitations. No person may operate a limited category civil aircraft carrying persons or property for compensation or hire....

  9. 14 CFR 91.315 - Limited category civil aircraft: Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Limited category civil aircraft: Operating... Flight Operations § 91.315 Limited category civil aircraft: Operating limitations. No person may operate a limited category civil aircraft carrying persons or property for compensation or hire....

  10. 14 CFR 91.315 - Limited category civil aircraft: Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Limited category civil aircraft: Operating... Flight Operations § 91.315 Limited category civil aircraft: Operating limitations. No person may operate a limited category civil aircraft carrying persons or property for compensation or hire....

  11. 14 CFR 91.315 - Limited category civil aircraft: Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Limited category civil aircraft: Operating... Flight Operations § 91.315 Limited category civil aircraft: Operating limitations. No person may operate a limited category civil aircraft carrying persons or property for compensation or hire....

  12. 14 CFR 133.45 - Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... among required crewmembers. (3) The personnel lifting device must be FAA approved. (4) The lifting device must have an emergency release requiring two distinct actions. ...) AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION OR HIRE: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS ROTORCRAFT...

  13. 14 CFR 133.45 - Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... among required crewmembers. (3) The personnel lifting device must be FAA approved. (4) The lifting device must have an emergency release requiring two distinct actions. ...) AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION OR HIRE: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS ROTORCRAFT...

  14. 14 CFR 133.45 - Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... among required crewmembers. (3) The personnel lifting device must be FAA approved. (4) The lifting device must have an emergency release requiring two distinct actions. ...) AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION OR HIRE: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS ROTORCRAFT...

  15. 14 CFR 133.45 - Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... among required crewmembers. (3) The personnel lifting device must be FAA approved. (4) The lifting device must have an emergency release requiring two distinct actions. ...) AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION OR HIRE: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS ROTORCRAFT...

  16. 14 CFR 133.45 - Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... among required crewmembers. (3) The personnel lifting device must be FAA approved. (4) The lifting device must have an emergency release requiring two distinct actions. ...) AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION OR HIRE: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS ROTORCRAFT...

  17. 47 CFR 80.167 - Limitations on operators.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Limitations on operators. 80.167 Section 80.167 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Operator Requirements General Operator Requirements § 80.167 Limitations on operators. The operator of maritime...

  18. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Lllll of... - Operating Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 13 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Operating Limits 2 Table 2 to Subpart... Manufacturing Pt. 63, Subpt. LLLLL, Table 2 Table 2 to Subpart LLLLL of Part 63—Operating Limits For— You must a... at or above the operating limit established during the performance test. 2. Flares Meet the...

  19. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Nnnnn of... - Operating Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 14 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Operating Limits 2 Table 2 to Subpart..., Table 2 Table 2 to Subpart NNNNN of Part 63—Operating Limits As stated in § 63.9000(b), you must comply with the following operating limits for each emission stream that is part of an affected source that...

  20. 14 CFR 135.215 - IFR: Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false IFR: Operating limitations. 135.215 Section 135.215 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED... Operating Limitations and Weather Requirements § 135.215 IFR: Operating limitations. (a) Except as...

  1. 14 CFR 135.215 - IFR: Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false IFR: Operating limitations. 135.215 Section 135.215 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED... Operating Limitations and Weather Requirements § 135.215 IFR: Operating limitations. (a) Except as...

  2. 14 CFR 135.215 - IFR: Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false IFR: Operating limitations. 135.215 Section 135.215 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED... Operating Limitations and Weather Requirements § 135.215 IFR: Operating limitations. (a) Except as...

  3. 14 CFR 135.215 - IFR: Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false IFR: Operating limitations. 135.215 Section 135.215 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED... Operating Limitations and Weather Requirements § 135.215 IFR: Operating limitations. (a) Except as...

  4. 14 CFR 135.215 - IFR: Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false IFR: Operating limitations. 135.215 Section 135.215 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED... Operating Limitations and Weather Requirements § 135.215 IFR: Operating limitations. (a) Except as...

  5. 14 CFR 25.1583 - Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... or pilot training. (2) If an airspeed limitation is based upon compressibility effects, a statement... speed, including below the maneuvering speed. (4) The flap extended speed V FE and the pertinent...

  6. 14 CFR 25.1583 - Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... or pilot training. (2) If an airspeed limitation is based upon compressibility effects, a statement... speed, including below the maneuvering speed. (4) The flap extended speed V FE and the pertinent...

  7. 14 CFR 23.1583 - Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... effects, a statement to this effect and information as to any symptoms, the probable behavior of the... than 60 degrees. (f) Maneuver load factor. The positive limit load factors in g's, and, in...

  8. 14 CFR 23.1583 - Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... effects, a statement to this effect and information as to any symptoms, the probable behavior of the... than 60 degrees. (f) Maneuver load factor. The positive limit load factors in g's, and, in...

  9. Receiver operating characteristic-curve limits of detection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wysoczanski, Artur; Voigtman, Edward

    2014-10-01

    Using a simple UV LED-excited ruby fluorescence measurement system, we demonstrate that it is easily possible to obtain unbiased detection limits, despite the system deliberately having non-linear response function and non-Gaussian noise. Even when the noise precision model is heteroscedastic, but otherwise only roughly linear, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) method readily yields results that are in accordance with a priori canonical specifications of false positives and false negatives at the detection limit. The present work demonstrates that obtaining unbiased detection limits is not abstruse and need not be mathematically complicated. Rather, detection limits continue to serve a useful purpose as part of the characterization of chemical measurement systems.

  10. Learning Resources Operational Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tarrant County Junior Coll. District, Ft. Worth, TX.

    The learning resources program at Tarrant Count Junior College calls for a district-wide resource dedicated to the support of instruction. Traditional library and media services are subsumed within this approach. The operational model consists of many interrelated subsystems most of which are described by flow charts. The systems viewpoint is…

  11. Factors limiting the operation of structures under high gradient

    SciTech Connect

    Schriber, S.O.

    1986-01-01

    Factors limiting the operation of rf structures under high-gradient conditions are described. Included are recent rf measurements at laboratories in Europe, Asia, and North America and how these measurements relate to earlier data as exemplified by the use of the Kilpatrick criterion (Kp). Operation limitations will cover mechanical, geometry, thermal, and surface constraints and the associated impact on structure design, fabrication, and material selection. Generally, structures operating continuous wave (100% duty factor) appear to be limited to peak surface fields at about twice the Kilpatrick limit, whereas pulsed structures operating with pulse lengths less than a millisecond can attain peak surface fields five times the Kilpatrick limit.

  12. 47 CFR 80.167 - Limitations on operators.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Limitations on operators. 80.167 Section 80.167 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Operator Requirements General Operator Requirements § 80.167 Limitations on...

  13. 14. INTERIOR, OPERATOR'S HOUSE, FOOTOPERATED LIMITED OVERRIDE SWITCHES New ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    14. INTERIOR, OPERATOR'S HOUSE, FOOT-OPERATED LIMITED OVERRIDE SWITCHES - New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad, Mystic River Bridge, Spanning Mystic River between Groton & Stonington, Groton, New London County, CT

  14. Operations and Modeling Analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ebeling, Charles

    2005-01-01

    The Reliability and Maintainability Analysis Tool (RMAT) provides NASA the capability to estimate reliability and maintainability (R&M) parameters and operational support requirements for proposed space vehicles based upon relationships established from both aircraft and Shuttle R&M data. RMAT has matured both in its underlying database and in its level of sophistication in extrapolating this historical data to satisfy proposed mission requirements, maintenance concepts and policies, and type of vehicle (i.e. ranging from aircraft like to shuttle like). However, a companion analyses tool, the Logistics Cost Model (LCM) has not reached the same level of maturity as RMAT due, in large part, to nonexistent or outdated cost estimating relationships and underlying cost databases, and it's almost exclusive dependence on Shuttle operations and logistics cost input parameters. As a result, the full capability of the RMAT/LCM suite of analysis tools to take a conceptual vehicle and derive its operations and support requirements along with the resulting operating and support costs has not been realized.

  15. 14 CFR 91.325 - Primary category aircraft: Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Primary category aircraft: Operating... Flight Operations § 91.325 Primary category aircraft: Operating limitations. (a) No person may operate a primary category aircraft carrying persons or property for compensation or hire. (b) No person may...

  16. 14 CFR 91.325 - Primary category aircraft: Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Primary category aircraft: Operating... Flight Operations § 91.325 Primary category aircraft: Operating limitations. (a) No person may operate a primary category aircraft carrying persons or property for compensation or hire. (b) No person may...

  17. Limited field investigation for the 200-UP-1 operable unit

    SciTech Connect

    1996-11-01

    The 200-UP-1 Groundwater Operable Unit is located in the southern portion of the 200 West Area on the Hanford Site in Washington State. The operable unit is located adjacent to the 200-ZP-1 Groundwater Operable Unit and underlies a significant part of seven source operable units: 200-RO-1, 200-RO-2, 200-RO-3, 200-RO-4, 200-SS-2, 200-UP-2, and 200-UP-3. Remedial efforts in the 100-ZP-1 Operable Unit focus on addressing volatile organic contamination in the aquifer. The focus of the 200-UP-1 limited field investigation (LFI) is on contaminated aquifer soils and groundwater within its boundary, with the exception of uranium and technetium-99 plumes, which are addressed by an existing 200-UP-1 interim remedial measure (IRM). The LFI approach is driven by general and specific data needs required to refine the site conceptual model and conduct a risk assessment. Activities supporting the LFI include drilling, well construction, sampling and analysis, data validation, geologic and geophysical logging, aquifer testing, measuring depth to water, and evaluating geodetic survey and existing analytical data.

  18. 40 CFR Table 3 to Subpart Jjjjjj... - Operating Limits for Boilers With Emission Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 15 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Operating Limits for Boilers With..., Commercial, and Institutional Boilers Area Sources Pt. 63, Subpt. JJJJJJ, Table 3 Table 3 to Subpart JJJJJJ of Part 63—Operating Limits for Boilers With Emission Limits As stated in § 63.11201, you must...

  19. 40 CFR Table 3 to Subpart Jjjjjj... - Operating Limits for Boilers With Emission Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 15 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Operating Limits for Boilers With..., Commercial, and Institutional Boilers Area Sources Pt. 63, Subpt. JJJJJJ, Table 3 Table 3 to Subpart JJJJJJ of Part 63—Operating Limits for Boilers With Emission Limits As stated in § 63.11201, you must...

  20. 40 CFR Table 3 to Subpart Jjjjjj... - Operating Limits for Boilers With Emission Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 15 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Operating Limits for Boilers With..., Commercial, and Institutional Boilers Area Sources Pt. 63, Subpt. JJJJJJ, Table 3 Table 3 to Subpart JJJJJJ of Part 63—Operating Limits for Boilers With Emission Limits As stated in § 63.11201, you must...

  1. 40 CFR Table 3 to Subpart Jjjjjj... - Operating Limits for Boilers With Emission Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 14 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Operating Limits for Boilers With..., Commercial, and Institutional Boilers Area Sources Pt. 63, Subpt. JJJJJJ, Table 3 Table 3 to Subpart JJJJJJ of Part 63—Operating Limits for Boilers With Emission Limits As stated in § 63.11201, you must...

  2. Limitations of bootstrap current models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Belli, E. A.; Candy, J.; Meneghini, O.; Osborne, T. H.

    2014-04-01

    We assess the accuracy and limitations of two analytic models of the tokamak bootstrap current: (1) the well-known Sauter model (1999 Phys. Plasmas 6 2834, 2002 Phys. Plasmas 9 5140) and (2) a recent modification of the Sauter model by Koh et al (2012 Phys. Plasmas 19 072505). For this study, we use simulations from the first-principles kinetic code NEO as the baseline to which the models are compared. Tests are performed using both theoretical parameter scans as well as core-to-edge scans of real DIII-D and NSTX plasma profiles. The effects of extreme aspect ratio, large impurity fraction, energetic particles, and high collisionality are studied. In particular, the error in neglecting cross-species collisional coupling—an approximation inherent to both analytic models—is quantified. Furthermore, the implications of the corrections from kinetic NEO simulations on MHD equilibrium reconstructions is studied via integrated modeling with kinetic EFIT.

  3. 14 CFR 35.5 - Propeller ratings and operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Propeller ratings and operating limitations. 35.5 Section 35.5 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: PROPELLERS General § 35.5 Propeller ratings and operating limitations. (a) Propeller ratings and...

  4. 14 CFR 33.7 - Engine ratings and operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Engine ratings and operating limitations. 33.7 Section 33.7 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: AIRCRAFT ENGINES General § 33.7 Engine ratings and operating limitations. (a) Engine ratings and...

  5. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Aaaaa of... - Operating Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... drop across the wet scrubber greater than or equal to the pressure drop operating limit established... Maintain the 3-hour block average exhaust gas stream pressure drop across the wet scrubber greater than or equal to the pressure drop operating limit established during the PM performance test; and maintain...

  6. Small-scale (flash) flood early warning in the light of operational requirements: opportunities and limits with regard to user demands, driving data, and hydrologic modeling techniques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Philipp, Andy; Kerl, Florian; Büttner, Uwe; Metzkes, Christine; Singer, Thomas; Wagner, Michael; Schütze, Niels

    2016-05-01

    In recent years, the Free State of Saxony (Eastern Germany) was repeatedly hit by both extensive riverine flooding, as well as flash flood events, emerging foremost from convective heavy rainfall. Especially after a couple of small-scale, yet disastrous events in 2010, preconditions, drivers, and methods for deriving flash flood related early warning products are investigated. This is to clarify the feasibility and the limits of envisaged early warning procedures for small catchments, hit by flashy heavy rain events. Early warning about potentially flash flood prone situations (i.e., with a suitable lead time with regard to required reaction-time needs of the stakeholders involved in flood risk management) needs to take into account not only hydrological, but also meteorological, as well as communication issues. Therefore, we propose a threefold methodology to identify potential benefits and limitations in a real-world warning/reaction context. First, the user demands (with respect to desired/required warning products, preparation times, etc.) are investigated. Second, focusing on small catchments of some hundred square kilometers, two quantitative precipitation forecasts are verified. Third, considering the user needs, as well as the input parameter uncertainty (i.e., foremost emerging from an uncertain QPF), a feasible, yet robust hydrological modeling approach is proposed on the basis of pilot studies, employing deterministic, data-driven, and simple scoring methods.

  7. Operating limit evaluation for disposal of uranium enrichment plant wastes

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, D.W.; Kocher, D.C.; Wang, J.C.

    1996-02-01

    A proposed solid waste landfill at Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP) will accept wastes generated during normal plant operations that are considered to be non-radioactive. However, nearly all solid waste from any source or facility contains small amounts of radioactive material, due to the presence in most materials of trace quantities of such naturally occurring radionuclides as uranium and thorium. This paper describes an evaluation of operating limits, which are protective of public health and the environment, that would allow waste materials containing small amounts of radioactive material to be sent to a new solid waste landfill at PGDP. The operating limits are expressed as limits on concentrations of radionuclides in waste materials that could be sent to the landfill based on a site-specific analysis of the performance of the facility. These limits are advantageous to PGDP and DOE for several reasons. Most importantly, substantial cost savings in the management of waste is achieved. In addition, certain liabilities that could result from shipment of wastes to a commercial off-site solid waste landfill are avoided. Finally, assurance that disposal operations at the PGDP landfill are protective of public health and the environment is provided by establishing verifiable operating limits for small amounts of radioactive material; rather than relying solely on administrative controls. The operating limit determined in this study has been presented to the Commonwealth of Kentucky and accepted as a condition to be attached to the operating permit for the solid waste landfill.

  8. Modeling aerial refueling operations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McCoy, Allen B., III

    Aerial Refueling (AR) is the act of offloading fuel from one aircraft (the tanker) to another aircraft (the receiver) in mid flight. Meetings between tanker and receiver aircraft are referred to as AR events and are scheduled to: escort one or more receivers across a large body of water; refuel one or more receivers; or train receiver pilots, tanker pilots, and boom operators. In order to efficiently execute the Aerial Refueling Mission, the Air Mobility Command (AMC) of the United States Air Force (USAF) depends on computer models to help it make tanker basing decisions, plan tanker sorties, schedule aircraft, develop new organizational doctrines, and influence policy. We have worked on three projects that have helped AMC improve its modeling and decision making capabilities. Optimal Flight Planning. Currently Air Mobility simulation and optimization software packages depend on algorithms which iterate over three dimensional fuel flow tables to compute aircraft fuel consumption under changing flight conditions. When a high degree of fidelity is required, these algorithms use a large amount of memory and CPU time. We have modeled the rate of aircraft fuel consumption with respect to AC GrossWeight, Altitude and Airspeed. When implemented, this formula will decrease the amount of memory and CPU time needed to compute sortie fuel costs and cargo capacity values. We have also shown how this formula can be used in optimal control problems to find minimum costs flight plans. Tanker Basing Demand Mismatch Index. Since 1992, AMC has relied on a Tanker Basing/AR Demand Mismatch Index which aggregates tanker capacity and AR demand data into six regions. This index was criticized because there were large gradients along regional boundaries. Meanwhile tankers frequently cross regional boundaries to satisfy the demand for AR support. In response we developed continuous functions to score locations with respect to their proximity to demand for AR support as well as their

  9. Savannah River Plant saltstone: formulation variability and operating limits

    SciTech Connect

    Langton, C.A.; Wilhite, E.L.

    1988-01-01

    Saltstone is the Savannah River Plant (SRP) wasteform resulting from chemical reactions between low-level defense waste and cementitious solids. Operating limits for the saltstone process were derived from waste specifications, and proportioning limits. Specifications for the waste salt solution include limits on temperature, pH, concentrations of eight inorganic and two organic constituents, total radioactivity, total alpha activity, and concentrations of 13 radionuclides. Specifications for the cementitious solids are based on ASTM standards. Proportioning limits for dry solids and for blended solids to waste solution ratio were based on an experimental design that screened formulations on the basis of processability and leachability (potential impact to groundwater).

  10. Operational models of infrastructure resilience.

    PubMed

    Alderson, David L; Brown, Gerald G; Carlyle, W Matthew

    2015-04-01

    We propose a definition of infrastructure resilience that is tied to the operation (or function) of an infrastructure as a system of interacting components and that can be objectively evaluated using quantitative models. Specifically, for any particular system, we use quantitative models of system operation to represent the decisions of an infrastructure operator who guides the behavior of the system as a whole, even in the presence of disruptions. Modeling infrastructure operation in this way makes it possible to systematically evaluate the consequences associated with the loss of infrastructure components, and leads to a precise notion of "operational resilience" that facilitates model verification, validation, and reproducible results. Using a simple example of a notional infrastructure, we demonstrate how to use these models for (1) assessing the operational resilience of an infrastructure system, (2) identifying critical vulnerabilities that threaten its continued function, and (3) advising policymakers on investments to improve resilience. PMID:25808298

  11. 40 CFR Table 6 to Subpart Jjjjjj... - Establishing Operating Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 15 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Establishing Operating Limits 6 Table 6 to Subpart JJJJJJ of Part 63 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES (CONTINUED) National Emission Standards...

  12. 40 CFR Table 6 to Subpart Jjjjjj... - Establishing Operating Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 15 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Establishing Operating Limits 6 Table 6 to Subpart JJJJJJ of Part 63 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES (CONTINUED) National Emission Standards...

  13. 40 CFR Table 6 to Subpart Jjjjjj... - Establishing Operating Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 14 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Establishing Operating Limits 6 Table 6 to Subpart JJJJJJ of Part 63 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES (CONTINUED) National Emission Standards...

  14. 14 CFR 33.7 - Engine ratings and operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... turbine wheel inlet gas. (5) Pressure of— (i) Fuel at the fuel inlet; and (ii) Oil at the main oil gallery. (6) Accessory drive torque and overhang moment. (7) Component life. (8) Turbosupercharger turbine wheel r.p.m. (c) For turbine engines, ratings and operating limitations are established relating to...

  15. 40 CFR Table 6 to Subpart Jjjjjj... - Establishing Operating Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... drop and minimum scrubber liquid flow rate operating limits according to § 63.11211(b) Data from the pressure drop and liquid flow rate monitors and the PM or mercury performance stack tests (a) You must collect pressure drop and liquid flow rate data every 15 minutes during the entire period of...

  16. 14 CFR 33.7 - Engine ratings and operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ..., ratings and operating limitations are established relating to the following: (1) Horsepower or torque, r.p.... (6) Accessory drive torque and overhang moment. (7) Component life. (8) Turbosupercharger turbine... following: (1) Horsepower, torque, or thrust, r.p.m., gas temperature, and time for— (i) Rated...

  17. 14 CFR 33.7 - Engine ratings and operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ..., ratings and operating limitations are established relating to the following: (1) Horsepower or torque, r.p.... (6) Accessory drive torque and overhang moment. (7) Component life. (8) Turbosupercharger turbine... following: (1) Horsepower, torque, or thrust, r.p.m., gas temperature, and time for— (i) Rated...

  18. 40 CFR Table 4 of Subpart Aaaaaaa... - Operating Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 14 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Operating Limits 4 Table 4 of Subpart AAAAAAA of Part 63 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES (CONTINUED) National Emission Standards for Hazardous...

  19. 40 CFR Table 4 of Subpart Aaaaaaa... - Operating Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 15 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Operating Limits 4 Table 4 of Subpart AAAAAAA of Part 63 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES (CONTINUED) National Emission Standards for Hazardous...

  20. 40 CFR Table 4 of Subpart Aaaaaaa... - Operating Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 14 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Operating Limits 4 Table 4 of Subpart AAAAAAA of Part 63 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES (CONTINUED) National Emission Standards for Hazardous...

  1. Density limits investigation and high density operation in EAST tokamak

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, Xingwei; Li, Jiangang; Hu, Jiansheng; Liu, Haiqing; Jie, Yinxian; Wang, Shouxin; Li, Jiahong; Duan, Yanming; Li, Miaohui; Li, Yongchun; Zhang, Ling; Ye, Yang; Yang, Qingquan; Zhang, Tao; Cheng, Yingjie; Xu, Jichan; Wang, Liang; Xu, Liqing; Zhao, Hailin; Wang, Fudi; Lin, Shiyao; Wu, Bin; Lyu, Bo; Xu, Guosheng; Gao, Xiang; Shi, Tonghui; He, Kaiyang; Lan, Heng; Chu, Nan; Cao, Bin; Sun, Zhen; Zuo, Guizhong; Ren, Jun; Zhuang, Huidong; Li, Changzheng; Yuan, Xiaolin; Yu, Yaowei; Wang, Houyin; Chen, Yue; Wu, Jinhua; EAST Team

    2016-05-01

    Increasing the density in a tokamak is limited by the so-called density limit, which is generally performed as an appearance of disruption causing loss of plasma confinement, or a degradation of high confinement mode which could further lead to a H  →  L transition. The L-mode and H-mode density limit has been investigated in EAST tokamak. Experimental results suggest that density limits could be triggered by either edge cooling or excessive central radiation. The L-mode density limit disruption is generally triggered by edge cooling, which leads to the current profile shrinkage and then destabilizes a 2/1 tearing mode, ultimately resulting in a disruption. The L-mode density limit scaling agrees well with the Greenwald limit in EAST. The observed H-mode density limit in EAST is an operational-space limit with a value of 0.8∼ 0.9{{n}\\text{GW}} . High density H-mode heated by neutral beam injection (NBI) and lower hybrid current drive (LHCD) are analyzed, respectively. The constancy of the edge density gradients in H-mode indicates a critical limit caused perhaps by e.g. ballooning induced transport. The maximum density is accessed at the H  →  L transition which is generally caused by the excessive core radiation due to high Z impurities (Fe, Cu). Operating at a high density (>2.8× {{10}19} {{\\text{m}}-3} ) is favorable for suppressing the beam shine through NBI. High density H-mode up to 5.3× {{10}19}{{\\text{m}}-3}~≤ft(∼ 0.8{{n}\\text{GW}}\\right) could be sustained by 2 MW 4.6 GHz LHCD alone, and its current drive efficiency is studied. Statistics show that good control of impurities and recycling facilitate high density operation. With careful control of these factors, high density up to 0.93{{n}\\text{GW}} stable H-mode operation was carried out heated by 1.7 MW LHCD and 1.9 MW ion cyclotron resonance heating with supersonic molecular beam injection fueling.

  2. Launch systems operations cost modeling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jacobs, Mark K.

    1999-01-01

    This paper describes the launch systems operations modeling portion of a larger model development effort, NASA's Space Operations Cost Model (SOCM), led by NASA HQ. The SOCM study team, which includes cost and technical experts from each NASA Field Center and various contractors, has been tasked to model operations costs for all future NASA mission concepts including planetary and Earth orbiting science missions, space facilities, and launch systems. The launch systems operations modeling effort has near term significance for assessing affordability of our next generation launch vehicles and directing technology investments, although it provides only a part of the necessary inputs to assess life cycle costs for all elements that determine affordability for a launch system. Presented here is a methodology to estimate requirements associated with a launch facility infrastructure, or Spaceport, from start-up/initialization into steady-state operation. Included are descriptions of the reference data used, the unique estimating methodology that combines cost lookup tables, parametric relationships, and constructively-developed correlations of cost driver input values to collected reference data, and the output categories that can be used by economic and market models. Also, future plans to improve integration of launch vehicle development cost models, reliability and maintainability models, economic and market models, and this operations model to facilitate overall launch system life cycle performance simulations will be presented.

  3. One-loop corrections to h → boverline{b} and h → τ overline{τ} decays in the Standard Model dimension-6 EFT: four-fermion operators and the large- m t limit

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gauld, Rhorry; Pecjak, Benjamin D.; Scott, Darren J.

    2016-05-01

    We calculate a set of one-loop corrections to h → boverline{b} and h → τ overline{τ} decays in the dimension-6 Standard Model effective field theory (SMEFT). In particular, working in the limit of vanishing gauge couplings, we calculate directly in the broken phase of the theory all large logarithmic corrections and in addition the finite corrections in the large- m t limit. Moreover, we give exact results for one-loop contributions from four-fermion operators. We obtain these corrections within an extension of the widely used on-shell renormalisation scheme appropriate for SMEFT calculations, and show explicitly how UV divergent bare amplitudes from a total of 21 different SMEFT operators are rendered finite within this scheme. As a by-product of the calculation, we also compute to one-loop order the logarithmically enhanced and finite large- m t corrections to muon decay in the limit of vanishing gauge couplings, which is necessary to implement the G F input parameter scheme within the SMEFT.

  4. Lung models: strengths and limitations.

    PubMed

    Martonen, T B; Musante, C J; Segal, R A; Schroeter, J D; Hwang, D; Dolovich, M A; Burton, R; Spencer, R M; Fleming, J S

    2000-06-01

    The most widely used particle dosimetry models are those proposed by the National Council on Radiation Protection, International Commission for Radiological Protection, and the Netherlands National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (the RIVM model). Those models have inherent problems that may be regarded as serious drawbacks: for example, they are not physiologically realistic. They ignore the presence and commensurate effects of naturally occurring structural elements of lungs (eg, cartilaginous rings, carinal ridges), which have been demonstrated to affect the motion of inhaled air. Most importantly, the surface structures have been shown to influence the trajectories of inhaled particles transported by air streams. Thus, the model presented herein by Martonen et al may be perhaps the most appropriate for human lung dosimetry. In its present form, the model's major "strengths" are that it could be used for diverse purposes in medical research and practice, including: to target the delivery of drugs for diseases of the respiratory tract (eg, cystic fibrosis, asthma, bronchogenic carcinoma); to selectively deposit drugs for systemic distribution (eg, insulin); to design clinical studies; to interpret scintigraphy data from human subject exposures; to determine laboratory conditions for animal testing (ie, extrapolation modeling); and to aid in aerosolized drug delivery to children (pediatric medicine). Based on our research, we have found very good agreement between the predictions of our model and the experimental data of Heyder et al, and therefore advocate its use in the clinical arena. In closing, we would note that for the simulations reported herein the data entered into our computer program were the actual conditions of the Heyder et al experiments. However, the deposition model is more versatile and can simulate many aerosol therapy scenarios. For example, the core model has many computer subroutines that can be enlisted to simulate the

  5. 40 CFR Table 5 to Subpart Jjjjj of... - Continuous Compliance With Emission Limits and Operating Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... CFR part 60, appendix A; maintaining no VE from the DLA stack. 2. Kiln equipped with a DIFF or DLS/FF... observations of the DIFF or DLS/FF stack at the frequency specified in § 63.8470(g) using Method 22 of 40 CFR... operating limits . . . You must demonstrate continuous compliance by . . . 1. Kiln equipped with a DLA...

  6. 40 CFR 63.5555 - How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the emission limits, operating limits, and work...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... compliance with the emission limits, operating limits, and work practice standards? 63.5555 Section 63.5555... How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the emission limits, operating limits, and work... limit, and work practice standard in Tables 1 and 2 to this subpart that applies to you according...

  7. Operating condition limitations of high density QCW arrays

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Junghans, Jeremy; Levy, Joseph; Feeler, Ryan

    2012-03-01

    Northrop Grumman Cutting Edge Optronics (NGCEO) has developed a laser diode array package with minimal bar-tobar spacing. These High Density Stack (HDS) packages allow for a power density increase on the order of ~ 2.5x when compared to industry-standard arrays. Power densities as high as 15 kW/cm2 can be achieved when operated at 200 W/bar. This work provides a detailed description of the duty factor, pulse width and power limitations of high density arrays. The absence of the interposing heatsinks requires that all of the heat generated by the interior bars must travel through the adjacent bars to the electrical contacts. This results in limitations to the allowable operating envelope of the HDS arrays. Thermal effects such as wavelength shifts across large HDS arrays are discussed. An overview of recent HDS design and manufacturing improvements is also presented. These improvements result in reliable operation at higher power densities and increased duty factors. A comparison of the effect of bar geometry on HDS performance is provided. Test data from arrays featuring these improvements based on both full 1 cm wide diode bars as well as 3 mm wide mini-bars is also presented.

  8. 40 CFR 63.6603 - What emission limitations and operating limitations must I meet if I own or operate an existing...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... operating limitations must I meet if I own or operate an existing stationary RICE located at an area source... operating limitations must I meet if I own or operate an existing stationary RICE located at an area source... procedures in § 63.6620 and Table 4 to this subpart. (a) If you own or operate an existing stationary...

  9. 40 CFR 63.6603 - What emission limitations and operating limitations must I meet if I own or operate an existing...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Stationary Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines Emission and Operating Limitations § 63.6603 What emission limitations and...

  10. Beam lifetime and limitations during low-energy RHIC operation

    SciTech Connect

    Fedotov, A.V.; Bai, M.; Blaskiewicz, M.; Fischer, W.; Kayran, D.; Montag, C.; Satogata, T.; Tepikian, S.; Wang, G.

    2011-03-28

    The low-energy physics program at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), motivated by a search for the QCD phase transition critical point, requires operation at low energies. At these energies, large nonlinear magnetic field errors and large beam sizes produce low beam lifetimes. A variety of beam dynamics effects such as Intrabeam Scattering (IBS), space charge and beam-beam forces also contribute. All these effects are important to understand beam lifetime limitations in RHIC at low energies. During the low-energy RHIC physics run in May-June 2010 at beam {gamma} = 6.1 and {gamma} = 4.1, gold beam lifetimes were measured for various values of space-charge tune shifts, transverse acceptance limitation by collimators, synchrotron tunes and RF voltage. This paper summarizes our observations and initial findings.

  11. Risk management model of winter navigation operations.

    PubMed

    Valdez Banda, Osiris A; Goerlandt, Floris; Kuzmin, Vladimir; Kujala, Pentti; Montewka, Jakub

    2016-07-15

    The wintertime maritime traffic operations in the Gulf of Finland are managed through the Finnish-Swedish Winter Navigation System. This establishes the requirements and limitations for the vessels navigating when ice covers this area. During winter navigation in the Gulf of Finland, the largest risk stems from accidental ship collisions which may also trigger oil spills. In this article, a model for managing the risk of winter navigation operations is presented. The model analyses the probability of oil spills derived from collisions involving oil tanker vessels and other vessel types. The model structure is based on the steps provided in the Formal Safety Assessment (FSA) by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and adapted into a Bayesian Network model. The results indicate that ship independent navigation and convoys are the operations with higher probability of oil spills. Minor spills are most probable, while major oil spills found very unlikely but possible. PMID:27207023

  12. 40 CFR 60.4860 - Do the emission limits, emission standards, and operating limits apply during periods of startup...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Do the emission limits, emission standards, and operating limits apply during periods of startup, shutdown, and malfunction? 60.4860 Section... emission limits, emission standards, and operating limits apply during periods of startup, shutdown,...

  13. 40 CFR 60.4860 - Do the emission limits, emission standards, and operating limits apply during periods of startup...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Do the emission limits, emission standards, and operating limits apply during periods of startup, shutdown, and malfunction? 60.4860 Section... emission limits, emission standards, and operating limits apply during periods of startup, shutdown,...

  14. 40 CFR 60.4860 - Do the emission limits, emission standards, and operating limits apply during periods of startup...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Do the emission limits, emission standards, and operating limits apply during periods of startup, shutdown, and malfunction? 60.4860 Section... emission limits, emission standards, and operating limits apply during periods of startup, shutdown,...

  15. 40 CFR 60.4860 - Do the emission limits, emission standards, and operating limits apply during periods of startup...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Do the emission limits, emission standards, and operating limits apply during periods of startup, shutdown, and malfunction? 60.4860 Section... emission limits, emission standards, and operating limits apply during periods of startup, shutdown,...

  16. 40 CFR 63.4692 - What operating limits must I meet?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Surface Coating of Wood Building Products Emission Limitations § 63.4692 What operating limits must I meet? (a) For any coating operation(s) on which you use the compliant... operating limits. (b) For any controlled coating operation(s) on which you use the emission rate with...

  17. 40 CFR 63.3492 - What operating limits must I meet?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Surface Coating of Metal Cans Emission Limitations § 63.3492 What operating limits must I meet? (a) For any coating operation(s) on which you use the... any operating limits. (b) For any controlled coating operation(s) on which you use the emission...

  18. 40 CFR 63.4492 - What operating limits must I meet?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Surface Coating of Plastic Parts and Products Emission Limitations § 63.4492 What operating limits must I meet? (a) For any coating operation(s) on which you use the... any operating limits. (b) For any controlled coating operation(s) on which you use the emission...

  19. 40 CFR 63.4692 - What operating limits must I meet?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Surface Coating of Wood Building Products Emission Limitations § 63.4692 What operating limits must I meet? (a) For any coating operation(s) on which... required to meet any operating limits. (b) For any controlled coating operation(s) on which you use...

  20. 40 CFR 63.4692 - What operating limits must I meet?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Surface Coating of Wood Building Products Emission Limitations § 63.4692 What operating limits must I meet? (a) For any coating operation(s) on which... required to meet any operating limits. (b) For any controlled coating operation(s) on which you use...

  1. 40 CFR 63.4492 - What operating limits must I meet?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Surface Coating of Plastic Parts and Products Emission Limitations § 63.4492 What operating limits must I meet? (a) For any coating operation(s) on which you use the... any operating limits. (b) For any controlled coating operation(s) on which you use the emission...

  2. 40 CFR 63.4092 - What operating limits must I meet?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Surface Coating of Large Appliances Emission Limitations § 63.4092 What operating limits must I meet? (a) For any coating operation(s) on which you use the... any operating limits. (b) For any controlled coating operation(s) on which you use the emission...

  3. 40 CFR 63.3492 - What operating limits must I meet?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Surface Coating of Metal Cans Emission Limitations § 63.3492 What operating limits must I meet? (a) For any coating operation(s) on which you use the... any operating limits. (b) For any controlled coating operation(s) on which you use the emission...

  4. 40 CFR 63.4092 - What operating limits must I meet?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Surface Coating of Large Appliances Emission Limitations § 63.4092 What operating limits must I meet? (a) For any coating operation(s) on which you use the compliant... operating limits. (b) For any controlled coating operation(s) on which you use the emission rate with...

  5. 40 CFR 63.4692 - What operating limits must I meet?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Surface Coating of Wood Building Products Emission Limitations § 63.4692 What operating limits must I meet? (a) For any coating operation(s) on which you use the compliant... operating limits. (b) For any controlled coating operation(s) on which you use the emission rate with...

  6. 40 CFR 63.3492 - What operating limits must I meet?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Surface Coating of Metal Cans Emission Limitations § 63.3492 What operating limits must I meet? (a) For any coating operation(s) on which you use the... any operating limits. (b) For any controlled coating operation(s) on which you use the emission...

  7. 40 CFR 63.4092 - What operating limits must I meet?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Surface Coating of Large Appliances Emission Limitations § 63.4092 What operating limits must I meet? (a) For any coating operation(s) on which you use the compliant... operating limits. (b) For any controlled coating operation(s) on which you use the emission rate with...

  8. 40 CFR 63.4092 - What operating limits must I meet?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Surface Coating of Large Appliances Emission Limitations § 63.4092 What operating limits must I meet? (a) For any coating operation(s) on which you use the... any operating limits. (b) For any controlled coating operation(s) on which you use the emission...

  9. Modeling operators' emergency response time for chemical processing operations.

    PubMed

    Murray, Susan L; Harputlu, Emrah; Mentzer, Ray A; Mannan, M Sam

    2014-01-01

    Operators have a crucial role during emergencies at a variety of facilities such as chemical processing plants. When an abnormality occurs in the production process, the operator often has limited time to either take corrective actions or evacuate before the situation becomes deadly. It is crucial that system designers and safety professionals can estimate the time required for a response before procedures and facilities are designed and operations are initiated. There are existing industrial engineering techniques to establish time standards for tasks performed at a normal working pace. However, it is reasonable to expect the time required to take action in emergency situations will be different than working at a normal production pace. It is possible that in an emergency, operators will act faster compared to a normal pace. It would be useful for system designers to be able to establish a time range for operators' response times for emergency situations. This article develops a modeling approach to estimate the time standard range for operators taking corrective actions or following evacuation procedures in emergency situations. This will aid engineers and managers in establishing time requirements for operators in emergency situations. The methodology used for this study combines a well-established industrial engineering technique for determining time requirements (predetermined time standard system) and adjustment coefficients for emergency situations developed by the authors. Numerous videos of workers performing well-established tasks at a maximum pace were studied. As an example, one of the tasks analyzed was pit crew workers changing tires as quickly as they could during a race. The operations in these videos were decomposed into basic, fundamental motions (such as walking, reaching for a tool, and bending over) by studying the videos frame by frame. A comparison analysis was then performed between the emergency pace and the normal working pace operations

  10. 40 CFR 63.6603 - What emission limitations and operating limitations must I meet if I own or operate an existing...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... operating limitations must I meet if I own or operate an existing stationary CI RICE located at an area... and operating limitations must I meet if I own or operate an existing stationary CI RICE located at an... stationary CI RICE located at an area source of HAP emissions, you must comply with the requirements in...

  11. The occupational exposure limit for fluid aerosol generated in metalworking operations: limitations and recommendations.

    PubMed

    Park, Donguk

    2012-03-01

    The aim of this review was to assess current knowledge related to the occupational exposure limit (OEL) for fluid aerosols including either mineral or chemical oil that are generated in metalworking operations, and to discuss whether their OEL can be appropriately used to prevent several health risks that may vary among metalworking fluid (MWF) types. The OEL (time-weighted average; 5 mg/m(3), short-term exposure limit ; 15 mg/m(3)) has been applied to MWF aerosols without consideration of different fluid aerosol-size fractions. The OEL, is also based on the assumption that there are no significant differences in risk among fluid types, which may be contentious. Particularly, the health risks from exposure to water-soluble fluids may not have been sufficiently considered. Although adoption of The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health's recommended exposure limit for MWF aerosol (0.5 mg/m(3)) would be an effective step towards minimizing and evaluating the upper respiratory irritation that may be caused by neat or diluted MWF, this would fail to address the hazards (e.g., asthma and hypersensitivity pneumonitis) caused by microbial contaminants generated only by the use of water-soluble fluids. The absence of an OEL for the water-soluble fluids used in approximately 80-90 % of all applicants may result in limitations of the protection from health risks caused by exposure to those fluids. PMID:22953224

  12. An Operator Formalism for Unitary Matrix Models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anagnostopoulos, K. N.; Bowick, M. J.; Ishibashi, N.

    We analyze the double scaling limit of unitary matrix models in terms of trigonometric orthogonal polynomials on the circle. In particular we find a compact formulation of the string equation at the kth multicritical point in terms of pseudodifferential operators and a corresponding action principle. We also relate this approach to the mKdV hierarchy which appears in the analysis in terms of conventional orthogonal polynomials on the circle.

  13. 40 CFR 63.3492 - What operating limits must I meet?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Surface Coating of Metal Cans Emission Limitations § 63.3492 What operating limits must I meet? (a) For any coating operation(s) on which you use the compliant material... limits. (b) For any controlled coating operation(s) on which you use the emission rate with...

  14. 40 CFR 63.3492 - What operating limits must I meet?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Surface Coating of Metal Cans Emission Limitations § 63.3492 What operating limits must I meet? (a) For any coating operation(s) on which you use the compliant material... limits. (b) For any controlled coating operation(s) on which you use the emission rate with...

  15. 40 CFR Table 23 to Subpart Uuu of... - Operating Limits for Inorganic HAP Emission Limitations for Catalytic Reforming Units

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 12 2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true Operating Limits for Inorganic HAP... Units Pt. 63, Subpt. UUU, Table 23 Table 23 to Subpart UUU of Part 63—Operating Limits for Inorganic HAP... alkalinity of the water (or scrubbing liquid) exiting the scrubber must not fall below the limit...

  16. 40 CFR 60.5180 - Do the emission limits, emission standards, and operating limits apply during periods of startup...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... standards, and operating limits apply during periods of startup, shutdown, and malfunction? 60.5180 Section 60.5180 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED... Requirements § 60.5180 Do the emission limits, emission standards, and operating limits apply during periods...

  17. 40 CFR 60.5180 - Do the emission limits, emission standards, and operating limits apply during periods of startup...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... standards, and operating limits apply during periods of startup, shutdown, and malfunction? 60.5180 Section 60.5180 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED... Requirements § 60.5180 Do the emission limits, emission standards, and operating limits apply during periods...

  18. 40 CFR 60.5180 - Do the emission limits, emission standards, and operating limits apply during periods of startup...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... standards, and operating limits apply during periods of startup, shutdown, and malfunction? 60.5180 Section 60.5180 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED... Requirements § 60.5180 Do the emission limits, emission standards, and operating limits apply during periods...

  19. 40 CFR 60.5180 - Do the emission limits, emission standards, and operating limits apply during periods of startup...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... standards, and operating limits apply during periods of startup, shutdown, and malfunction? 60.5180 Section 60.5180 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED... Requirements § 60.5180 Do the emission limits, emission standards, and operating limits apply during periods...

  20. Structural equation modeling: strengths, limitations, and misconceptions.

    PubMed

    Tomarken, Andrew J; Waller, Niels G

    2005-01-01

    Because structural equation modeling (SEM) has become a very popular data-analytic technique, it is important for clinical scientists to have a balanced perception of its strengths and limitations. We review several strengths of SEM, with a particular focus on recent innovations (e.g., latent growth modeling, multilevel SEM models, and approaches for dealing with missing data and with violations of normality assumptions) that underscore how SEM has become a broad data-analytic framework with flexible and unique capabilities. We also consider several limitations of SEM and some misconceptions that it tends to elicit. Major themes emphasized are the problem of omitted variables, the importance of lower-order model components, potential limitations of models judged to be well fitting, the inaccuracy of some commonly used rules of thumb, and the importance of study design. Throughout, we offer recommendations for the conduct of SEM analyses and the reporting of results. PMID:17716081

  1. 14 CFR 121.555 - Compliance with approved routes and limitations: Domestic and flag operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... limitations: Domestic and flag operations. 121.555 Section 121.555 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION...: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Flight Operations § 121.555 Compliance with approved routes and limitations: Domestic and flag operations. No...

  2. 14 CFR 121.555 - Compliance with approved routes and limitations: Domestic and flag operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... limitations: Domestic and flag operations. 121.555 Section 121.555 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION...: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Flight Operations § 121.555 Compliance with approved routes and limitations: Domestic and flag operations. No...

  3. 14 CFR 121.555 - Compliance with approved routes and limitations: Domestic and flag operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... limitations: Domestic and flag operations. 121.555 Section 121.555 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION...: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Flight Operations § 121.555 Compliance with approved routes and limitations: Domestic and flag operations. No...

  4. 14 CFR 121.555 - Compliance with approved routes and limitations: Domestic and flag operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... limitations: Domestic and flag operations. 121.555 Section 121.555 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION...: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Flight Operations § 121.555 Compliance with approved routes and limitations: Domestic and flag operations. No...

  5. 14 CFR 121.555 - Compliance with approved routes and limitations: Domestic and flag operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... limitations: Domestic and flag operations. 121.555 Section 121.555 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION...: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Flight Operations § 121.555 Compliance with approved routes and limitations: Domestic and flag operations. No...

  6. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Uuuu of... - Operating Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., operate, and maintain the parameter monitoring system for the alternative control device in accordance... equivalent or better assurance of compliance with the standard; c. install, operate, and maintain...

  7. Lunar Landing Operational Risk Model

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mattenberger, Chris; Putney, Blake; Rust, Randy; Derkowski, Brian

    2010-01-01

    Characterizing the risk of spacecraft goes beyond simply modeling equipment reliability. Some portions of the mission require complex interactions between system elements that can lead to failure without an actual hardware fault. Landing risk is currently the least characterized aspect of the Altair lunar lander and appears to result from complex temporal interactions between pilot, sensors, surface characteristics and vehicle capabilities rather than hardware failures. The Lunar Landing Operational Risk Model (LLORM) seeks to provide rapid and flexible quantitative insight into the risks driving the landing event and to gauge sensitivities of the vehicle to changes in system configuration and mission operations. The LLORM takes a Monte Carlo based approach to estimate the operational risk of the Lunar Landing Event and calculates estimates of the risk of Loss of Mission (LOM) - Abort Required and is Successful, Loss of Crew (LOC) - Vehicle Crashes or Cannot Reach Orbit, and Success. The LLORM is meant to be used during the conceptual design phase to inform decision makers transparently of the reliability impacts of design decisions, to identify areas of the design which may require additional robustness, and to aid in the development and flow-down of requirements.

  8. Predicting tool operator capacity to react against torque within acceptable handle deflection limits in automotive assembly.

    PubMed

    Radwin, Robert G; Chourasia, Amrish; Fronczak, Frank J; Subedi, Yashpal; Howery, Robert; Yen, Thomas Y; Sesto, Mary E; Irwin, Curtis B

    2016-05-01

    The proportion of tool operators capable of maintaining published psychophysically derived threaded fastener tool handle deflection limits were predicted using a biodynamic tool operator model, interacting with the tool, task and workstation. Tool parameters, including geometry, speed and torque were obtained from the specifications for 35 tools used in an auto assembly plant. Tool mass moments of inertia were measured for these tools using a novel device that engages the tool in a rotating system of known inertia. Task parameters, including fastener target torque and joint properties (soft, medium or hard), were ascertained from the vehicle design specifications. Workstation parameters, including vertical and horizontal distances from the operator were measured using a laser rangefinder for 69 tool installations in the plant. These parameters were entered into the model and tool handle deflection was predicted for each job. While handle deflection for most jobs did not exceed the capacity of 75% females and 99% males, six jobs exceeded the deflection criterion. Those tool installations were examined and modifications in tool speed and operator position improved those jobs within the deflection limits, as predicted by the model. We conclude that biodynamic tool operator models may be useful for identifying stressful tool installations and interventions that bring them within the capacity of most operators. PMID:26851480

  9. Performance limitations of bilateral force reflection imposed by operator dynamic characteristics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chapel, Jim D.

    1989-01-01

    A linearized, single-axis model is presented for bilateral force reflection which facilitates investigation into the effects of manipulator, operator, and task dynamics, as well as time delay and gain scaling. Structural similarities are noted between this model and impedance control. Stability results based upon this model impose requirements upon operator dynamic characteristics as functions of system time delay and environmental stiffness. An experimental characterization reveals the limited capabilities of the human operator to meet these requirements. A procedure is presented for determining the force reflection gain scaling required to provide stability and acceptable operator workload. This procedure is applied to a system with dynamics typical of a space manipulator, and the required gain scaling is presented as a function of environmental stiffness.

  10. 14 CFR 121.513 - Flight time limitations: Overseas and international operations: airplanes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Flight time limitations: Overseas and...: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Flight Time Limitations: Supplemental Operations § 121.513 Flight time limitations: Overseas and international...

  11. 14 CFR 121.513 - Flight time limitations: Overseas and international operations: airplanes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Flight time limitations: Overseas and...: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Flight Time Limitations: Supplemental Operations § 121.513 Flight time limitations: Overseas and international...

  12. 14 CFR 121.513 - Flight time limitations: Overseas and international operations: airplanes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Flight time limitations: Overseas and...: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Flight Time Limitations: Supplemental Operations § 121.513 Flight time limitations: Overseas and international...

  13. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Yyyy of... - Operating Limitations

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... turbine that is required to comply with the emission limitation for formaldehyde and is using an oxidation... the emission limitation for formaldehyde and is not using an oxidation catalyst maintain any...

  14. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Yyyy of... - Operating Limitations

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... turbine that is required to comply with the emission limitation for formaldehyde and is using an oxidation... the emission limitation for formaldehyde and is not using an oxidation catalyst maintain any...

  15. Lean blowout limits of a gas turbine combustor operated with aviation fuel and methane

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xiao, Wei; Huang, Yong

    2016-05-01

    Lean blowout (LBO) limits is critical to the operational performance of combustion systems in propulsion and power generation. The swirl cup plays an important role in flame stability and has been widely used in aviation engines. Therefore, the effects of swirl cup geometry and flow dynamics on LBO limits are significant. An experiment was conducted for studying the lean blowout limits of a single dome rectangular model combustor with swirl cups. Three types of swirl cup (dual-axial swirl cup, axial-radial swirl cup, dual-radial swirl cup) were employed in the experiment which was operated with aviation fuel (Jet A-1) and methane under the idle condition. Experimental results showed that, with using both Jet A-1 and methane, the LBO limits increase with the air flow of primary swirler for dual-radial swirl cup, while LBO limits decrease with the air flow of primary swirler for dual-axial swirl cup. In addition, LBO limits increase with the swirl intensity for three swirl cups. The experimental results also showed that the flow dynamics instead of atomization poses a significant influence on LBO limits. An improved semi-empirical correlation of experimental data was derived to predict the LBO limits for gas turbine combustors.

  16. 14 CFR 33.7 - Engine ratings and operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...— (i) Rated maximum continuous power (relating to unsupercharged operation or to operation in each supercharger mode as applicable); and (ii) Rated takeoff power (relating to unsupercharged operation or to... continuous power or thrust (augmented); (ii) Rated maximum continuous power or thrust (unaugmented);...

  17. Operating limit study for the proposed solid waste landfill at Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, D.W.; Wang, J.C.; Kocher, D.C.

    1995-06-01

    A proposed solid waste landfill at Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP) would accept wastes generated during normal operations that are identified as non-radioactive. These wastes may include small amounts of radioactive material from incidental contamination during plant operations. A site-specific analysis of the new solid waste landfill is presented to determine a proposed operating limit that will allow for waste disposal operations to occur such that protection of public health and the environment from the presence of incidentally contaminated waste materials can be assured. Performance objectives for disposal were defined from existing regulatory guidance to establish reasonable dose limits for protection of public health and the environment. Waste concentration limits were determined consistent with these performance objectives for the protection of off-site individuals and inadvertent intruders who might be directly exposed to disposed wastes. Exposures of off-site individuals were estimated using a conservative, site-specific model of the groundwater transport of contamination from the wastes. Direct intrusion was analyzed using an agricultural homesteader scenario. The most limiting concentrations from direct intrusion or groundwater transport were used to establish the concentration limits for radionuclides likely to be present in PGDP wastes.

  18. Determination of operating limits for radionuclides for a proposed landfill at Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, J.C.; Lee, D.W.; Ketelle, R.H.; Lee, R.R.; Kocher, D.C.

    1994-12-31

    The operating limits for radionuclides in sanitary and industrial wastes were determined for a proposed landfill at the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP) in Paducah, Kentucky. These limits, which may be very small but nonzero, are not mandated by law or regulation but are needed for rational operation. The primary advantages of establishing such operating limits include (a) technically defensible screening criteria for landfill-destined solid wastes, (b) significant reductions in the required capacity of radioactive waste storage and disposal facilities, and (c) reductions in costs associated with storage and disposal of radioactive materials. The approach was based on analyses of potential contamination of groundwater at the plant boundary and the potential exposure to radioactivity of an intruder at the landfill after closure. The groundwater analysis includes (a) a source model describing the disposal of waste and the release of radionuclides from waste to groundwater, (b) site-specific groundwater flow and contaminant transport calculations, and (c) calculations of operating limits from the dose objective and conversion factors. The intruder analysis includes pathways through ingestion of contaminated vegetables and soil, external exposure to contaminated soil, and inhalation of suspended activity from contaminated soil particles. In both analyses, a limit on annual effective dose equivalent of 4 mrem (0.04 mSv) was adopted.

  19. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Ddddd of... - Operating Limits for Boilers and Process Heaters With Particulate Matter Emission Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 14 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Operating Limits for Boilers and... Hazardous Air Pollutants for Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boilers and Process Heaters Pt. 63, Subpt. DDDDD, Table 2 Table 2 to Subpart DDDDD of Part 63—Operating Limits for Boilers and...

  20. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Ddddd of... - Operating Limits for Boilers and Process Heaters With Particulate Matter Emission Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 13 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Operating Limits for Boilers and... Hazardous Air Pollutants for Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boilers and Process Heaters Pt. 63, Subpt. DDDDD, Table 2 Table 2 to Subpart DDDDD of Part 63—Operating Limits for Boilers and...

  1. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Ddddd of... - Operating Limits for Boilers and Process Heaters With Particulate Matter Emission Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 13 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Operating Limits for Boilers and... Hazardous Air Pollutants for Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boilers and Process Heaters Pt. 63, Subpt. DDDDD, Table 2 Table 2 to Subpart DDDDD of Part 63—Operating Limits for Boilers and...

  2. 40 CFR Table 4 to Subpart Ddddd of... - Operating Limits for Boilers and Process Heaters With Hydrogen Chloride Emission Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Process Heaters With Hydrogen Chloride Emission Limits 4 Table 4 to Subpart DDDDD of Part 63 Protection of... Heaters With Hydrogen Chloride Emission Limits As stated in § 63.7500, you must comply with the following applicable operating limits: If you demonstrate compliance with applicable hydrogen chloride emission...

  3. 40 CFR Table 4 to Subpart Ddddd of... - Operating Limits for Boilers and Process Heaters With Hydrogen Chloride Emission Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Process Heaters With Hydrogen Chloride Emission Limits 4 Table 4 to Subpart DDDDD of Part 63 Protection of... Heaters With Hydrogen Chloride Emission Limits As stated in § 63.7500, you must comply with the following applicable operating limits: If you demonstrate compliance with applicable hydrogen chloride emission...

  4. 40 CFR 63.2346 - What emission limitations, operating limits, and work practice standards must I meet?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... transfer racks specified in 40 CFR part 63, subpart SS, for meeting emission limits. (2) Route emissions to... or 49 CFR 173.31 for tank cars. (e) Operating limits. For each high throughput transfer rack, you... requirements specified in 40 CFR part 63, subpart SS, for meeting emission limits, except substitute the...

  5. 40 CFR 63.2346 - What emission limitations, operating limits, and work practice standards must I meet?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... transfer racks specified in 40 CFR part 63, subpart SS, for meeting emission limits. (2) Route emissions to... or 49 CFR 173.31 for tank cars. (e) Operating limits. For each high throughput transfer rack, you... requirements specified in 40 CFR part 63, subpart SS, for meeting emission limits, except substitute the...

  6. 40 CFR 63.2346 - What emission limitations, operating limits, and work practice standards must I meet?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... transfer racks specified in 40 CFR part 63, subpart SS, for meeting emission limits. (2) Route emissions to... or 49 CFR 173.31 for tank cars. (e) Operating limits. For each high throughput transfer rack, you... requirements specified in 40 CFR part 63, subpart SS, for meeting emission limits, except substitute the...

  7. 40 CFR Table 4 to Subpart Ddddd of... - Operating Limits for Boilers and Process Heaters With Hydrogen Chloride Emission Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Process Heaters With Hydrogen Chloride Emission Limits 4 Table 4 to Subpart DDDDD of Part 63 Protection of... Heaters With Hydrogen Chloride Emission Limits As stated in § 63.7500, you must comply with the following applicable operating limits: If you demonstrate compliance with applicable hydrogen chloride emission...

  8. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Sssss of... - Operating Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... through a closed system; and c. Operate each control device that is required to comply with this subpart... . . . 1. Each affected source listed in Table 1 to this subpart a. Operate all affected sources according... DIFF or DLS/FF a. Initiate corrective action within 1 hour of a bag leak detection system alarm...

  9. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Aaaaa of... - Operating Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... associated lime cooler) equipped with an FF Maintain and operate the FF such that the BLDS or PM detector... operate the ESP such that the PM detector alarm is not activated and alarm condition does not exist for... device a. Vent captured emissions through a closed system, except that dilution air may be added...

  10. 40 CFR 63.4892 - What operating limits must I meet?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Surface Coating of Metal Furniture Emission Limitations § 63.4892 What operating limits must I meet? (a) For any coating operation or group of coating... option to demonstrate compliance, you are not required to meet any operating limits. (b) For any...

  11. 14 CFR 91.815 - Agricultural and fire fighting airplanes: Noise operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...: Noise operating limitations. 91.815 Section 91.815 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION... RULES Operating Noise Limits § 91.815 Agricultural and fire fighting airplanes: Noise operating... indicate that the airplane has not been shown to comply with the noise limits under part 36 of this...

  12. Determination of operating limits for radionuclides for a proposed landfill at Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, J.C.; Lee, D.W.; Ketelle, R.H.; Lee, R.R.; Kocher, D.C.

    1994-05-24

    The operating limits for radionuclides in sanitary and industrial wastes were determined for a proposed landfill at the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP), Kentucky. These limits, which may be very small but nonzero, are not mandated by law or regulation but are needed for rational operation. The approach was based on analyses of the potential contamination of groundwater at the plant boundary and the potential exposure to radioactivity of an intruder at the landfill after closure. The groundwater analysis includes (1) a source model describing the disposal of waste and the release of radionuclides from waste to the groundwater, (2) site-specific groundwater flow and contaminant transport calculations, and (3) calculations of operating limits from the dose limit and conversion factors. The intruder analysis includes pathways through ingestion of contaminated vegetables and soil, external exposure to contaminated soil, and inhalation of suspended activity from contaminated soil particles. In both analyses, a limit on annual effective dose equivalent of 4 mrem (0.04 mSv) was adopted. The intended application of the results is to refine the radiological monitoring standards employed by the PGDP Health Physics personnel to determine what constitutes radioactive wastes, with concurrence of the Commonwealth of Kentucky.

  13. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Aaaaa of... - Operating Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... limit established during the performance test. 5. All affected sources Prepare a written OM&M plan; the... capture/collection system according to the procedures and requirements in the OM&M plan....

  14. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Aaaaa of... - Operating Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... limit established during the performance test. 5. All affected sources Prepare a written OM&M plan; the... capture/collection system according to the procedures and requirements in the OM&M plan....

  15. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Aaaaa of... - Operating Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... limit established during the performance test. 5. All affected sources Prepare a written OM&M plan; the... capture/collection system according to the procedures and requirements in the OM&M plan....

  16. 14 CFR 101.23 - General operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES MOORED BALLOONS, KITES, AMATEUR ROCKETS AND UNMANNED FREE... the country of concern; (3) Is unmanned; and (4) Does not create a hazard to persons, property,...

  17. 14 CFR 101.23 - General operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES MOORED BALLOONS, KITES, AMATEUR ROCKETS AND UNMANNED FREE... the country of concern; (3) Is unmanned; and (4) Does not create a hazard to persons, property,...

  18. 14 CFR 101.23 - General operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES MOORED BALLOONS, KITES, AMATEUR ROCKETS AND UNMANNED FREE... the country of concern; (3) Is unmanned; and (4) Does not create a hazard to persons, property,...

  19. 14 CFR 101.23 - General operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES MOORED BALLOONS, KITES, AMATEUR ROCKETS AND UNMANNED FREE... the country of concern; (3) Is unmanned; and (4) Does not create a hazard to persons, property,...

  20. 14 CFR 101.23 - General operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES MOORED BALLOONS, KITES, AMATEUR ROCKETS AND UNMANNED FREE... the country of concern; (3) Is unmanned; and (4) Does not create a hazard to persons, property,...

  1. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Jjjjj of... - Operating Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... detection system, initiate corrective action within 1 hour of a bag leak detection system alarm and complete corrective actions in accordance with your OM&M plan; operate and maintain the fabric filter such that...

  2. 14 CFR 121.179 - Airplanes: Reciprocating engine-powered: En route limitations: All engines operating.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Airplanes: Reciprocating engine-powered: En...: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Airplane Performance Operating Limitations § 121.179 Airplanes: Reciprocating engine-powered: En route limitations:...

  3. Strengths and Limitations of Data Assimilation Models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schunk, R. W.; Scherliess, L.; Sojka, J. J.; Thompson, D. C.; Zhu, L.

    2006-12-01

    As part of the Global Assimilation of Ionospheric Measurements (USU-GAIM) program, we developed two Kalman filter data assimilation models of the global ionosphere, including Gauss-Markov (GM) and Full Physics (FP) models. Our Gauss-Markov model uses a physics-based ionospheric model and a Kalman filter as a basis for assimilating the measurements. The physics-based model is the Ionosphere Forecast Model (IFM), which is a multi-ion global model that covers the E-region, F-region, and topside from 90 to 1400 km. The GM model has both regional and global capabilities and the output of the model is a 3-dimensional Ne distribution at specified times. With the GM model the ionospheric densities obtained from the IFM constitute a background ionospheric density field on which perturbations are superimposed based on the available data sources and their errors. The density perturbations and the associated errors evolve over time via a statistical Gauss-Markov process. Our full physics data assimilation model is more sophisticated than the Gauss-Markov model. This model is based on a physics-based ionosphere-plasmasphere-polar wind model, which includes six ion species (NO+, O2+, N2+, O+, H+, and He+) and covers the low-mid latitudes from 90 to 20,000 km. In addition to the global Ne distribution, the full physics model also provides global distributions of the self-consistent drivers (neutral winds and composition, electric fields, and particle precipitation). Both models can assimilate in situ electron densities from 4 DMSP satellites, bottomside Ne profiles from 30 ionosondes, slant TECs from up to 1000 ground GPS/TEC receivers, occultation data and line-of-sight UV emissions. The USU-GAIM models are now being widely used, but as with all physics-based data assimilation models, care must be exercised because these models have both strengths and limitations. Some of the important issues relate to the quality, amount and distribution of the data, the ability to obtain

  4. Advantages and limitations of remotely operated sea floor drill rigs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Freudenthal, T.; Smith, D. J.; Wefer, G.

    2009-04-01

    A variety of research targets in marine sciences including the investigation of gas hydrates, slope stability, alteration of oceanic crust, ore formation and palaeoclimate can be addressed by shallow drilling. However, drill ships are mostly used for deep drillings, both because the effort of building up a drill string from a drill ship to the deep sea floor is tremendous and control on drill bit pressure from a movable platform and a vibrating drill string is poor especially in the upper hundred meters. During the last decade a variety of remotely operated drill rigs have been developed, that are deployed on the sea bed and operated from standard research vessels. These developments include the BMS (Bentic Multicoring System, developed by Williamson and Associates, operated by the Japanese Mining Agency), the PROD (Portable Remotely Operated Drill, developed and operated by Benthic Geotech), the Rockdrill 2 (developed and operated by the British geological Survey) and the MeBo (German abbreviation for sea floor drill rig, developed and operated by Marum, University of Bremen). These drill rigs reach drilling depths between 15 and 100 m. For shallow drillings remotely operated drill rigs are a cost effective alternative to the services of drill ships and have the major advantage that the drilling operations are performed from a stable platform independent of any ship movements due to waves, wind or currents. Sea floor drill rigs can be deployed both in shallow waters and the deep sea. A careful site survey is required before deploying the sea floor drill rig. Slope gradient, small scale topography and soil strength are important factors when planning the deployment. The choice of drill bits and core catcher depend on the expected geology. The required drill tools are stored on one or two magazines on the drill rig. The MeBo is the only remotely operated drill rig world wide that can use wire line coring technique. This method is much faster than conventional

  5. Animal models of epilepsy: use and limitations

    PubMed Central

    Kandratavicius, Ludmyla; Balista, Priscila Alves; Lopes-Aguiar, Cleiton; Ruggiero, Rafael Naime; Umeoka, Eduardo Henrique; Garcia-Cairasco, Norberto; Bueno-Junior, Lezio Soares; Leite, Joao Pereira

    2014-01-01

    Epilepsy is a chronic neurological condition characterized by recurrent seizures that affects millions of people worldwide. Comprehension of the complex mechanisms underlying epileptogenesis and seizure generation in temporal lobe epilepsy and other forms of epilepsy cannot be fully acquired in clinical studies with humans. As a result, the use of appropriate animal models is essential. Some of these models replicate the natural history of symptomatic focal epilepsy with an initial epileptogenic insult, which is followed by an apparent latent period and by a subsequent period of chronic spontaneous seizures. Seizures are a combination of electrical and behavioral events that are able to induce chemical, molecular, and anatomic alterations. In this review, we summarize the most frequently used models of chronic epilepsy and models of acute seizures induced by chemoconvulsants, traumatic brain injury, and electrical or sound stimuli. Genetic models of absence seizures and models of seizures and status epilepticus in the immature brain were also examined. Major uses and limitations were highlighted, and neuropathological, behavioral, and neurophysiological similarities and differences between the model and the human equivalent were considered. The quest for seizure mechanisms can provide insights into overall brain functions and consciousness, and animal models of epilepsy will continue to promote the progress of both epilepsy and neurophysiology research. PMID:25228809

  6. Reusable Rocket Engine Operability Modeling and Analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Christenson, R. L.; Komar, D. R.

    1998-01-01

    This paper describes the methodology, model, input data, and analysis results of a reusable launch vehicle engine operability study conducted with the goal of supporting design from an operations perspective. Paralleling performance analyses in schedule and method, this requires the use of metrics in a validated operations model useful for design, sensitivity, and trade studies. Operations analysis in this view is one of several design functions. An operations concept was developed given an engine concept and the predicted operations and maintenance processes incorporated into simulation models. Historical operations data at a level of detail suitable to model objectives were collected, analyzed, and formatted for use with the models, the simulations were run, and results collected and presented. The input data used included scheduled and unscheduled timeline and resource information collected into a Space Transportation System (STS) Space Shuttle Main Engine (SSME) historical launch operations database. Results reflect upon the importance not only of reliable hardware but upon operations and corrective maintenance process improvements.

  7. 40 CFR 60.3033 - How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the emission limitations and the operating limits?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... compliance with the operating limits unless a different averaging period is established under § 60.3024. A 3-hour rolling average value (unless a different averaging period is established under § 60.3024)...

  8. Magnetically operated limit switch has improved reliability, minimizes arcing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Steiner, R.

    1966-01-01

    Limit switch for reliable, low-travel, snap action with negligible arcing uses an electrically nonconductive permanent magnet consisting of a ferrimagnetic ceramic and ferromagnetic pole shoes which form a magnetic and electrically conductive circuit with a ferrous-metal armature.

  9. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Ppppp of... - Operating Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    .... Reducing the data to 3-hour block averages; and iii. Maintaining the 3-hour average combustion temperature at or above the temperature limit. 2. Catalytic oxidizer a. The average temperature measured just... block averages; and iii. Maintaining the 3-hour average temperature before the catalyst bed at or...

  10. 14 CFR 135.227 - Icing conditions: Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... limitations. (a) No pilot may take off an aircraft that has frost, ice, or snow adhering to any rotor blade... frost under the wing in the area of the fuel tanks if authorized by the FAA. (b) No certificate holder... such that frost, ice, or snow may reasonably be expected to adhere to the airplane unless the pilot...

  11. 14 CFR 135.227 - Icing conditions: Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... limitations. (a) No pilot may take off an aircraft that has frost, ice, or snow adhering to any rotor blade... frost under the wing in the area of the fuel tanks if authorized by the FAA. (b) No certificate holder... such that frost, ice, or snow may reasonably be expected to adhere to the airplane unless the pilot...

  12. 14 CFR 135.227 - Icing conditions: Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... limitations. (a) No pilot may take off an aircraft that has frost, ice, or snow adhering to any rotor blade... frost under the wing in the area of the fuel tanks if authorized by the FAA. (b) No certificate holder... such that frost, ice, or snow may reasonably be expected to adhere to the airplane unless the pilot...

  13. 14 CFR 135.227 - Icing conditions: Operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... limitations. (a) No pilot may take off an aircraft that has frost, ice, or snow adhering to any rotor blade... frost under the wing in the area of the fuel tanks if authorized by the FAA. (b) No certificate holder... such that frost, ice, or snow may reasonably be expected to adhere to the airplane unless the pilot...

  14. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Yyyy of... - Operating Limitations

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... using an oxidation catalyst maintain the 4-hour rolling average of the catalyst inlet temperature within the range suggested by the catalyst manufacturer. 2. each stationary combustion turbine that is required to comply with the emission limitation for formaldehyde and is not using an oxidation...

  15. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Yyyy of... - Operating Limitations

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... using an oxidation catalyst maintain the 4-hour rolling average of the catalyst inlet temperature within the range suggested by the catalyst manufacturer. 2. each stationary combustion turbine that is required to comply with the emission limitation for formaldehyde and is not using an oxidation...

  16. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Yyyy of... - Operating Limitations

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... using an oxidation catalyst maintain the 4-hour rolling average of the catalyst inlet temperature within the range suggested by the catalyst manufacturer. 2. each stationary combustion turbine that is required to comply with the emission limitation for formaldehyde and is not using an oxidation...

  17. 36 CFR 251.125 - Preferred operator privileges and limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LAND USES Revenue-Producing Visitor Services in Alaska § 251.125 Preferred operator... providing visitor services pursuant to § 251.124 of this subpart. (c) Nothing in this subpart shall prohibit... part of an area designated in the solicitation for a specific visitor service, in matters...

  18. 36 CFR 251.125 - Preferred operator privileges and limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LAND USES Revenue-Producing Visitor Services in Alaska § 251.125 Preferred operator... providing visitor services pursuant to § 251.124 of this subpart. (c) Nothing in this subpart shall prohibit... part of an area designated in the solicitation for a specific visitor service, in matters...

  19. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Kkkkk of... - Operating Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... stack. 2. Kiln equipped with a DIFF or DLS/FF a. If you use a bag leak detection system, initiate corrective action within 1 hour of a bag leak detection system alarm and complete corrective actions in accordance with your OM&M plan; operate and maintain the fabric filter such that the alarm is not engaged...

  20. 40 CFR Table 4 of Subpart Aaaaaaa... - Operating Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... filter or fiber bed filter a. Inlet gas temperature b, andb. Pressure drop across device b The 3-hour... (b)(3).The 3-hour average pressure drop across the device within the approved operating range... temperature and pressure drop, you can use a leak detection system that identifies when the filter media...

  1. Some wake-related operational limitations of rotorcraft

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Heyson, H. H.

    1980-01-01

    Wind tunnel measurements show that the wake of a rotor, except at near hovering speeds, is not like that of a propeller. The wake is more like that of a wing except that, because of the slow speeds, the wake velocities may be much greater. The helicopter can produce a wake hazard to following light aircraft that is disproportionately great compared to an equivalent fixed wing aircraft. This hazard should be recognized by both pilots and airport controllers when operating in congested areas. Ground effect is generally counted as a blessing since it allows overloaded takeoffs; however, it also introduces additional operation problems. These problems include premature blade stall in hover, settling in forward transition, shuddering in approach to touchdown and complicatons with yaw control. Some of these problems were treated analytically in an approximate manner and reasonable experiment agreement was obtained. An awareness of these effects can prepare the user for their appearance and their consequences.

  2. 14 CFR 121.465 - Aircraft dispatcher duty time limitations: Domestic and flag operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...: Domestic and flag operations. 121.465 Section 121.465 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION... AND OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Aircraft Dispatcher Qualifications and Duty Time Limitations: Domestic and Flag Operations; Flight Attendant Duty Period...

  3. 14 CFR 121.465 - Aircraft dispatcher duty time limitations: Domestic and flag operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...: Domestic and flag operations. 121.465 Section 121.465 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION... AND OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Aircraft Dispatcher Qualifications and Duty Time Limitations: Domestic and Flag Operations; Flight Attendant Duty Period...

  4. 14 CFR 121.465 - Aircraft dispatcher duty time limitations: Domestic and flag operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...: Domestic and flag operations. 121.465 Section 121.465 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION... AND OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Aircraft Dispatcher Qualifications and Duty Time Limitations: Domestic and Flag Operations; Flight Attendant Duty Period...

  5. 14 CFR 121.465 - Aircraft dispatcher duty time limitations: Domestic and flag operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...: Domestic and flag operations. 121.465 Section 121.465 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION... AND OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Aircraft Dispatcher Qualifications and Duty Time Limitations: Domestic and Flag Operations; Flight Attendant Duty Period...

  6. 40 CFR 63.3093 - What operating limits must I meet?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Surface Coating of Automobiles and Light-Duty Trucks Emission... for any coating operation(s) without add-on controls. (b) Except as provided in paragraph (d) of this section, for any controlled coating operation(s), you must meet the operating limits specified in Table...

  7. Streaming Limit: New Observations and Model Results

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ng, C. K.; Reames, D. V.; Tylka, A. J.

    2010-12-01

    Solar energetic particle intensities at 1 AU often show an early temporal plateau where the intensity is limited. This early intensity limit may provide a valuable time window for astronauts to seek shelter before large shock-associated intensity increase (if any). The Ng and Reames (1994) time-dependent model of SEP transport through self-amplified Alfvén waves predicts a maximum proton intensity of ~ 250 particles /(cm^2 s str MeV) at ~ 1 MeV, in agreement within a factor of 2 with the observational survey by Reames and Ng (1998). In fact, streaming-limited intensity is implicit in the steady-state shock-acceleration solution of Bell (1978) and Lee (1983). Further studies on the effect of self-amplified waves on SEP intensity spectra have been made by Ng, Reames and Tylka (2003), Vanio (2003), and Lee (2005). Intensities exceeding the Ng and Reames (1994) limit have been reported (e.g., Lario et al. 2009). We present new observations of multi-species SEP spectra at the temporal intensity plateau. We also present new theoretical results on how the streaming limit depends on ion species and energy, ambient wave intensity spectrum, Alfvén speed, solar-wind speed, shock speed, and the presence of interplanetary shocks and interaction regions. Among the new interesting observations is the strong suppression of ion intensities near 1 MeV/amu in events that have high 10-100 MeV proton intensity. New modeling results confirm that this is due to these low-energy ions being strongly scattered at small pitch angles by waves amplified by 10-100 MeV protons at large pitch angles. As the high-energy protons travel upstream and scatter from small to large pitch-angles, they simultaneously amplify waves en route over a range of wavenumbers, including those that are resonant with low-energy protons. Thus, wave amplification by streaming protons and the pitch-angle dependence of the wave-particle resonance condition are essential factors in understanding the limiting behavior

  8. 40 CFR 63.6640 - How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the emission limitations, operating limitations...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 14 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the emission limitations, operating limitations, and other requirements? 63.6640 Section 63.6640 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS...

  9. 40 CFR 62.14670 - How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the emission limitations and the operating limits?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 8 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the emission limitations and the operating limits? 62.14670 Section 62.14670 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF STATE PLANS FOR DESIGNATED...

  10. 40 CFR Table 23 to Subpart Uuu of... - Operating Limits for Inorganic HAP Emission Limitations for Catalytic Reforming Units

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 13 2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true Operating Limits for Inorganic HAP... for Inorganic HAP Emission Limitations for Catalytic Reforming Units As stated in § 63.1567(a)(2), you... daily average pH or alkalinity of the water (or scrubbing liquid) exiting the scrubber must not...

  11. 40 CFR Table 23 to Subpart Uuu of... - Operating Limits for Inorganic HAP Emission Limitations for Catalytic Reforming Units

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 13 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Operating Limits for Inorganic HAP... for Inorganic HAP Emission Limitations for Catalytic Reforming Units As stated in § 63.1567(a)(2), you... daily average pH or alkalinity of the water (or scrubbing liquid) exiting the scrubber must not...

  12. 40 CFR Table 23 to Subpart Uuu of... - Operating Limits for Inorganic HAP Emission Limitations for Catalytic Reforming Units

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 13 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Operating Limits for Inorganic HAP... for Inorganic HAP Emission Limitations for Catalytic Reforming Units As stated in § 63.1567(a)(2), you... daily average pH or alkalinity of the water (or scrubbing liquid) exiting the scrubber must not...

  13. 40 CFR 63.2378 - How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the emission limitations, operating limits, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 12 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the emission limitations, operating limits, and work practice standards? 63.2378 Section 63.2378 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS...

  14. 40 CFR 60.2710 - How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the emission limitations and the operating limits?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the emission limitations and the operating limits? 60.2710 Section 60.2710 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES...

  15. 40 CFR 60.2145 - How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the emission limitations and the operating limits?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the emission limitations and the operating limits? 60.2145 Section 60.2145 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards...

  16. 40 CFR 60.2145 - How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the emission limitations and the operating limits?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the emission limitations and the operating limits? 60.2145 Section 60.2145 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards...

  17. 40 CFR 60.2710 - How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the emission limitations and the operating limits?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the emission limitations and the operating limits? 60.2710 Section 60.2710 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES...

  18. 40 CFR Table 5 to Subpart Mmmmm of... - Continuous Compliance With Emission Limits and Operating Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... performance test c. Maintain the daily average pressure drop across the venturi within the operating range... performance test. v. If you use a venturi scrubber, maintaining the daily average pressure drop across the venturi within the operating range established during the performance test. 3. Each new or...

  19. 40 CFR Table 5 to Subpart Mmmmm of... - Continuous Compliance With Emission Limits and Operating Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... performance test c. Maintain the daily average pressure drop across the venturi within the operating range... performance test. v. If you use a venturi scrubber, maintaining the daily average pressure drop across the venturi within the operating range established during the performance test. 3. Each new or...

  20. Dipole operator constraints on composite Higgs models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    König, Matthias; Neubert, Matthias; Straub, David M.

    2014-07-01

    Flavour- and CP-violating electromagnetic or chromomagnetic dipole operators in the quark sector are generated in a large class of new physics models and are strongly constrained by measurements of the neutron electric dipole moment and observables sensitive to flavour-changing neutral currents, such as the branching ratio and . After a model-independent discussion of the relevant constraints, we analyze these effects in models with partial compositeness, where the quarks get their masses by mixing with vector-like composite fermions. These scenarios can be seen as the low-energy limit of composite Higgs or warped extra dimensional models. We study different choices for the electroweak representations of the composite fermions motivated by electroweak precision tests as well as different flavour structures, including flavour anarchy and or flavour symmetries in the strong sector. In models with "wrong-chirality" Yukawa couplings, we find a strong bound from the neutron electric dipole moment, irrespective of the flavour structure. In the case of flavour anarchy, we also find strong bounds from flavour-violating dipoles, while these constraints are mild in the flavour-symmetric models.

  1. Non compact continuum limit of two coupled Potts models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vernier, Éric; Lykke Jacobsen, Jesper; Saleur, Hubert

    2014-10-01

    We study two Q-state Potts models coupled by the product of their energy operators, in the regime 2 < Q ⩽ 4 where the coupling is relevant. A particular choice of weights for the square lattice is shown to be equivalent to the integrable a_3(2) vertex model. It corresponds to a selfdual system of two antiferromagnetic Potts models, coupled ferromagnetically. We derive the Bethe ansatz equations and study them numerically for two arbitrary twist angles. The continuum limit is shown to involve two compact bosons and one non compact boson, with discrete states emerging from the continuum at appropriate twists. The non compact boson entails strong logarithmic corrections to the finite-size behaviour of the scaling levels, an understanding of which allows us to correct an earlier proposal for some of the critical exponents. In particular, we infer the full set of magnetic scaling dimensions (watermelon operators) of the Potts model.

  2. A posteriori operation detection in evolving software models

    PubMed Central

    Langer, Philip; Wimmer, Manuel; Brosch, Petra; Herrmannsdörfer, Markus; Seidl, Martina; Wieland, Konrad; Kappel, Gerti

    2013-01-01

    As every software artifact, also software models are subject to continuous evolution. The operations applied between two successive versions of a model are crucial for understanding its evolution. Generic approaches for detecting operations a posteriori identify atomic operations, but neglect composite operations, such as refactorings, which leads to cluttered difference reports. To tackle this limitation, we present an orthogonal extension of existing atomic operation detection approaches for detecting also composite operations. Our approach searches for occurrences of composite operations within a set of detected atomic operations in a post-processing manner. One major benefit is the reuse of specifications available for executing composite operations also for detecting applications of them. We evaluate the accuracy of the approach in a real-world case study and investigate the scalability of our implementation in an experiment. PMID:23471366

  3. Joint operation and dynamic control of flood limiting water levels for mixed cascade reservoir systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Yanlai; Guo, Shenglian; Liu, Pan; Xu, Chongyu

    2014-11-01

    Reservoirs are one of the most efficient infrastructures for integrated water resources development and management; and play a more and more important role in flood control and conservation. Dynamic control of the reservoir flood limiting water level (FLWL) is a valuable and effective approach to compromise the flood control, hydropower generation and comprehensive utilization of water resources of river basins during the flood season. The dynamic control models of FLWL for a single reservoir and cascade reservoirs have been extended for a mixed reservoir system in this paper. The proposed model consists of a dynamic control operation module for a single reservoir, a dynamic control operation module for cascade reservoirs, and a joint operation module for mixed cascade reservoir systems. The Three Gorges and Qingjiang cascade reservoirs in the Yangtze River basin of China are selected for a case study. Three-hour inflow data series for representative hydrological years are used to test the model. The results indicate that the proposed model can make an effective tradeoff between flood control and hydropower generation. Joint operation and dynamic control of FLWL can generate 26.4 × 108 kW h (3.47%) more hydropower for the mixed cascade reservoir systems and increase the water resource utilization rate by 3.72% for the Three Gorges reservoir and 2.42% for the Qingjiang cascade reservoirs without reducing originally designed flood prevention standards.

  4. Operating cost model for local service airlines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Anderson, J. L.; Andrastek, D. A.

    1976-01-01

    Several mathematical models now exist which determine the operating economics for a United States trunk airline. These models are valuable in assessing the impact of new aircraft into an airline's fleet. The use of a trunk airline cost model for the local service airline does not result in representative operating costs. A new model is presented which is representative of the operating conditions and resultant costs for the local service airline. The calculated annual direct and indirect operating costs for two multiequipment airlines are compared with their actual operating experience.

  5. 14 CFR 121.179 - Airplanes: Reciprocating engine-powered: En route limitations: All engines operating.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... route limitations: All engines operating. 121.179 Section 121.179 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION...) This section does not apply to airplanes certificated under part 4a of the Civil Air Regulations. (c... Performance Operating Limitations § 121.179 Airplanes: Reciprocating engine-powered: En route limitations:...

  6. 14 CFR 121.179 - Airplanes: Reciprocating engine-powered: En route limitations: All engines operating.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... route limitations: All engines operating. 121.179 Section 121.179 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION...) This section does not apply to airplanes certificated under part 4a of the Civil Air Regulations. (c... Performance Operating Limitations § 121.179 Airplanes: Reciprocating engine-powered: En route limitations:...

  7. 14 CFR 121.179 - Airplanes: Reciprocating engine-powered: En route limitations: All engines operating.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... route limitations: All engines operating. 121.179 Section 121.179 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION...) This section does not apply to airplanes certificated under part 4a of the Civil Air Regulations. (c... Performance Operating Limitations § 121.179 Airplanes: Reciprocating engine-powered: En route limitations:...

  8. 25 CFR 39.600 - Are Bureau-operated school board expenses funded by ISEP limited?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... INDIAN SCHOOL EQUALIZATION PROGRAM School Board Training Expenses § 39.600 Are Bureau-operated school board expenses funded by ISEP limited? Yes. Bureau-operated schools are limited to $8,000 or one percent... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Are Bureau-operated school board expenses funded by...

  9. 76 FR 47423 - Aviation Fuel and Oil Operating Limitations; Policy Memorandum

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-05

    ... Administration 14 CFR Part 33 Aviation Fuel and Oil Operating Limitations; Policy Memorandum AGENCY: Federal... the issuance of policy memorandum for Aviation Fuel and Oil Operating Limitations. This policy... (ECO) when evaluating compliance with the standards for aviation fuel and oil operating...

  10. 14 CFR 135.399 - Small nontransport category airplane performance operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Small nontransport category airplane... PERSONS ON BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT Airplane Performance Operating Limitations § 135.399 Small nontransport category airplane performance operating limitations. (a) No person may operate a reciprocating engine...

  11. 14 CFR 135.399 - Small nontransport category airplane performance operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Small nontransport category airplane... PERSONS ON BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT Airplane Performance Operating Limitations § 135.399 Small nontransport category airplane performance operating limitations. (a) No person may operate a reciprocating engine...

  12. 14 CFR 135.399 - Small nontransport category airplane performance operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Small nontransport category airplane... PERSONS ON BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT Airplane Performance Operating Limitations § 135.399 Small nontransport category airplane performance operating limitations. (a) No person may operate a reciprocating engine...

  13. 14 CFR 135.399 - Small nontransport category airplane performance operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Small nontransport category airplane... PERSONS ON BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT Airplane Performance Operating Limitations § 135.399 Small nontransport category airplane performance operating limitations. (a) No person may operate a reciprocating engine...

  14. Working with capacity limitations: operations management in critical care

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    As your hospital's ICU director, you are approached by the hospital's administration to help solve ongoing problems with ICU bed availability. The ICU seems to be constantly full, and trauma patients in the emergency department sometimes wait up to 24 hours before receiving a bed. Additionally, the cardiac surgeons were forced to cancel several elective coronary-artery bypass graft cases because there was not a bed available for postoperative recovery. The hospital administrators ask whether you can decrease your ICU length of stay, and wonder whether they should expand the ICU to include more beds For help in understanding and optimizing your ICU's throughput, you seek out the operations management researchers at your university. PMID:21892976

  15. 40 CFR 63.6600 - What emission limitations and operating limitations must I meet if I own or operate a stationary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... operating limitations must I meet if I own or operate a stationary RICE with a site rating of more than 500... RICE with a site rating of more than 500 brake HP located at a major source of HAP emissions... 4SRB stationary RICE with a site rating of more than 500 brake HP located at a major source of...

  16. 40 CFR 63.6600 - What emission limitations and operating limitations must I meet if I own or operate a stationary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... operating limitations must I meet if I own or operate a stationary RICE with a site rating of more than 500... RICE with a site rating of more than 500 brake HP located at a major source of HAP emissions... 4SRB stationary RICE with a site rating of more than 500 brake HP located at a major source of...

  17. 40 CFR 63.6600 - What emission limitations and operating limitations must I meet if I own or operate a stationary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... operating limitations must I meet if I own or operate a stationary RICE with a site rating of more than 500... RICE with a site rating of more than 500 brake HP located at a major source of HAP emissions... 4SRB stationary RICE with a site rating of more than 500 brake HP located at a major source of...

  18. 40 CFR 63.6600 - What emission limitations and operating limitations must I meet if I own or operate a stationary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... operating limitations must I meet if I own or operate a stationary RICE with a site rating of more than 500... RICE with a site rating of more than 500 brake HP located at a major source of HAP emissions... 4SRB stationary RICE with a site rating of more than 500 brake HP located at a major source of...

  19. Magnetic Separations with Magnetite: Theory, Operation, and Limitations

    SciTech Connect

    G. B. Cotten

    2000-08-01

    This dissertation documents the theory development and experimental plan followed to describe how a magnetite-based column under the influence of an external magnetic field functions as a magnetic separator. Theoretical simulations predict that weekly paramagnetic particles in the sub-micron range can be magnetically separated while diamagnetic particles as large as 2 microns in diameter may pass. Magnetite-based columns were evaluated as magnetically-controllable enhanced filtration devices. There was no evidence of enhanced filtration for diamagnetic particles by the magnetite-based bed. Magnetite-based magnetic separators have proven to be effective in specific laboratory experiments, indicating a potential feasibility for scale-up operations. Column media-filter type filtration effects indicate a magnetite-based column would not be suitable for treatment of a waste stream with a high diamagnetic solids content or high volume throughput requirements. Specific applications requiring removal of sub-micron para- or ferromagnetic particles under batch or Stokes flow conditions would be most applicable.

  20. A Secure Operational Model for Mobile Payments

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Instead of paying by cash, check, or credit cards, customers can now also use their mobile devices to pay for a wide range of services and both digital and physical goods. However, customers' security concerns are a major barrier to the broad adoption and use of mobile payments. In this paper we present the design of a secure operational model for mobile payments in which access control is based on a service-oriented architecture. A customer uses his/her mobile device to get authorization from a remote server and generate a two-dimensional barcode as the payment certificate. This payment certificate has a time limit and can be used once only. The system also provides the ability to remotely lock and disable the mobile payment service. PMID:25386607

  1. A secure operational model for mobile payments.

    PubMed

    Chang, Tao-Ku

    2014-01-01

    Instead of paying by cash, check, or credit cards, customers can now also use their mobile devices to pay for a wide range of services and both digital and physical goods. However, customers' security concerns are a major barrier to the broad adoption and use of mobile payments. In this paper we present the design of a secure operational model for mobile payments in which access control is based on a service-oriented architecture. A customer uses his/her mobile device to get authorization from a remote server and generate a two-dimensional barcode as the payment certificate. This payment certificate has a time limit and can be used once only. The system also provides the ability to remotely lock and disable the mobile payment service. PMID:25386607

  2. 40 CFR Table 5 to Subpart Mmmmm of... - Continuous Compliance With Emission Limits and Operating Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... performance test c. Maintain the daily average pressure drop across the venturi within the operating range... scrubber), monitoring pressure drop is not required i. Collecting the scrubber inlet liquid flow rate and... performance test. v. If you use a venturi scrubber, maintaining the daily average pressure drop across...

  3. 14 CFR 91.1055 - Pilot operating limitations and pairing requirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Pilot operating limitations and pairing requirement. 91.1055 Section 91.1055 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES GENERAL OPERATING AND FLIGHT RULES Fractional Ownership Operations...

  4. 14 CFR 121.513 - Flight time limitations: Overseas and international operations: airplanes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Flight time limitations: Overseas and international operations: airplanes. 121.513 Section 121.513 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION...: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Flight...

  5. 14 CFR 91.1055 - Pilot operating limitations and pairing requirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Pilot operating limitations and pairing requirement. 91.1055 Section 91.1055 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES GENERAL OPERATING AND FLIGHT RULES Fractional Ownership Operations...

  6. 14 CFR 135.398 - Commuter category airplanes performance operating limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Commuter category airplanes performance operating limitations. 135.398 Section 135.398 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION OR HIRE: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS OPERATING...

  7. CHAIN-LIMITING OPERATION OF FISCHER-TROPSCH REACTOR

    SciTech Connect

    Apostolos A. Nikolopoulos; Santosh K. Gangwal

    2000-11-01

    The use of pulsing to limit the chain growth of the hydrocarbon products of the Fischer-Tropsch (FT) synthesis in order to maximize the yield of diesel-range (C{sub 10}-C{sub 20}) products was examined on three high-chain-growth-probability ({alpha} {ge} 0.9) FT catalysts. On a Co-ZrO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2} FT synthesis catalyst the application of H{sub 2} pulsing causes significant increase in CO conversion, and only an instantaneous increase in undesirable selectivity to CH{sub 4}. Increasing the frequency of H{sub 2} pulsing enhances the selectivity to C{sub 10}-C{sub 20} compounds but the chain-growth probability {alpha} remains essentially unaffected. Increasing the duration of H{sub 2} pulsing results in enhancing the maximum obtained CO conversion and the instantaneous selectivity to CH{sub 4}. An optimum set of H{sub 2} pulse parameters (pulse frequency and duration) is required for maximizing the yield of desirable diesel-range C{sub 10}-C{sub 20} products. On a high-{alpha} Fe/K/Cu/SiO{sub 2} FT synthesis catalyst H{sub 2} pulsing enhances the yield of C{sub 10}-C{sub 20} but at the same time decreases the catalyst activity (CO conversion) and increases the selectivity to CH{sub 4}. On the other hand, pulsing with CO also increases the yield of C{sub 10}-C{sub 20} but has no impact on the selectivity to CH{sub 4} or CO{sub 2} and decreases catalytic activity only moderately. In contrast to these catalysts, H{sub 2} pulsing on a high-{alpha} Ru/alumina FT synthesis catalyst has only minimal effect on activity and product distribution, showing enhanced activity towards methanation and water-gas-shift at the expense of FT synthesis. However, these observations are based on experiments performed at a significantly lower reaction pressure (ca. 26 atm) and higher reaction temperature (210-250 C) than those commonly used for supported-Ru FT catalysts (typically 100-1000 atm, 160-170 C).

  8. Dynamic control of flood limited water level for reservoir operation by considering inflow uncertainty

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Xiang; Guo, Shenglian; Liu, Pan; Chen, Guiya

    2010-09-01

    SummaryAccording to the Chinese Flood Control Act, reservoir water levels generally are not allowed to exceed the flood limited water level (FLWL) during flood season in order to offer adequate storage for flood prevention. However, the operation rules based on the current FLWL have neglected meteorological and real-time flood forecasting information and give too much priority to low probability floods. For floodwater utilization, dynamic control of reservoir FLWL is a valuable and effective methodology to compromise between flood control and conservation for reservoir operation during the flood season. The dynamic control bound is a fundamental key element for implementing reservoir FLWL dynamic control operation. In this paper, a dynamic control operation model that considers inflow uncertainty, i.e. the inflow forecasting error and uncertainty of the flood hydrograph shape is proposed and developed. The model consists of three modules: the first one is a pre-release module, which is used to estimate the upper boundary of dynamic control bound on basis of inflow forecasting results; the second one is a refill operation module, which is used to retain recession flood, and the third one is a risk analysis module, which is used to assess flood risk. The acceptable flood control operation risk constraints and quantificational analysis methods are given, and the dynamic control bound of reservoir FLWL is estimated by using Monte Carlo simulation. The China's three gorges reservoir (TGR) is selected as a case study. A multiple-input single-output linear systematic model is chosen for inflow forecasting of the TGR, and the future inflows are derived from gauged records by assuming that the inflow forecasting error follows a normal distribution. The application results show that the dynamic control of reservoir FLWL can effectively increase hydropower generation and the floodwater utilization rate without increasing flood control risk.

  9. CHAIN-LIMITING OPERATION OF FISCHER-TROPSCH REACTOR

    SciTech Connect

    Apostolos A. Nikolopoulos; Santosh K. Gangwal

    2003-06-01

    The use of pulsing in Fischer-Tropsch (FT) synthesis to limit the hydrocarbon chain growth and maximize the yield of diesel-range (C{sub 10}-C{sub 20}) products was examined on high-chain-growth-probability ({alpha} {ge} 0.9) FT catalysts. Pulsing experiments were conducted using a stainless-steel fixed-bed micro-reactor, equipped with both on-line (for the permanent gases and light hydrocarbons, C{sub 1}-C{sub 15}) and off-line (for the heavier hydrocarbons, C{sub 10}-C{sub 65}) gas chromatography analysis. Additional experiments were performed using a highly active attrition-resistant iron-based FT synthesis catalyst in a 1-liter continuous stirred-tank rector (CSTR). On both a Co-ZrO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2} and a Co/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} FT synthesis catalyst application of H{sub 2} pulsing causes significant increase in CO conversion, and only an instantaneous increase in undesirable selectivity to CH{sub 4}. Increasing the frequency of H{sub 2} pulsing enhances the selectivity to C{sub 10}-C{sub 20} compounds but the chain-growth probability {alpha} remains essentially unaffected. Increasing the duration of H{sub 2} pulsing results in enhancing the maximum obtained CO conversion and an instantaneous selectivity to CH{sub 4}. An optimum set of H{sub 2} pulse parameters (pulse frequency, pulse duration) is required for maximizing the yield of desirable diesel-range C{sub 10}-C{sub 20} products. Application of a suitable H{sub 2} pulse in the presence of added steam in the feed is a simple method to overcome the loss in activity and the shift in paraffin vs. olefin selectivity (increase in the olefin/paraffin ratio) caused by the excess steam. A decrease in syngas concentration has a strong suppressing effect on the olefin/paraffin ratio of the light hydrocarbon products. Higher syngas concentration can increase the chain growth probability {alpha} and thus allow for better evaluation of the effect of pulsing on FT synthesis. On a high-{alpha} Fe/K/Cu/SiO{sub 2} FT

  10. Capabilities and limitations of detailed hillslope hydrological modelling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bronstert, Axel

    1999-01-01

    Hillslope hydrological modelling is considered to be of great importance for the understanding and quantification of hydrological processes in hilly or mountainous landscapes. In recent years a few comprehensive hydrological models have been developed at the hillslope scale which have resulted in an advanced representation of hillslope hydrological processes (including their interactions), and in some operational applications, such as in runoff and erosion studies at the field scale or lateral flow simulation in environmental and geotechnical engineering. An overview of the objectives of hillslope hydrological modelling is given, followed by a brief introduction of an exemplary comprehensive hillslope model, which stimulates a series of hydrological processes such as interception, evapotranspiration, infiltration into the soil matrix and into macropores, lateral and vertical subsurface soil water flow both in the matrix and preferential flow paths, surface runoff and channel discharge. Several examples of this model are presented and discussed in order to determine the model's capabilities and limitations. Finally, conclusions about the limitations of detailed hillslope modelling are drawn and an outlook on the future prospects of hydrological models on the hillslope scale is given.The model presented performed reasonable calculations of Hortonian surface runoff and subsequent erosion processes, given detailed information of initial soil water content and soil hydraulic conditions. The vertical and lateral soil moisture dynamics were also represented quite well. However, the given examples of model applications show that quite detailed climatic and soil data are required to obtain satisfactory results. The limitations of detailed hillslope hydrological modelling arise from different points: difficulties in the representations of certain processes (e.g. surface crusting, unsaturated-saturated soil moisture flow, macropore flow), problems of small-scale variability