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Sample records for optical noiseless amplifier

  1. Cascaded Amplifying Quantum Optical Taps: A Robust Noiseless Optical Bus

    SciTech Connect

    Bencheikh, K.; Simonneau, C.; Levenson, J.A.

    1997-01-01

    Two identical amplifying quantum optical taps, based on noiseless optical parametric amplification and twin beam quantum correlation, have been implemented in a series configuration and experimentally investigated. The result is an optical bus which we have shown to be robust with respect to downstream losses. {copyright} {ital 1996} {ital The American Physical Society}

  2. Experimental realization of a nondeterministic optical noiseless amplifier

    SciTech Connect

    Ferreyrol, Franck; Blandino, Remi; Barbieri, Marco; Tualle-Brouri, Rosa; Grangier, Philippe

    2011-06-15

    Linear amplifiers are necessarily affected by a minimal amount of noise, which is needed in order to preserve the linearity and the unitarity prescribed by quantum mechanics. Such a limitation might be partially overcome if the process is realized by conditioning its operation on a trigger event, for instance, the result of a measurement. Here we present a detailed analysis of a noiseless amplifier, implemented using linear optics, a down-conversion-based single-photon source, and single-photon detection. Our results demonstrate an amplification adding a level of noise lower than the minimum allowed by quantum mechanics for deterministic amplifiers. This is made possible by the nondeterministic character of our device, whose success rate is sufficiently low not to violate any fundamental limit. We compare our experimental data to a model taking into account the main imperfections of the setup and find a good agreement.

  3. Continuous-mode operation of a noiseless linear amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Yi; Carvalho, André R. R.; James, Matthew R.

    2016-05-01

    We develop a dynamical model to describe the operation of the nondeterministic noiseless linear amplifier (NLA) in the regime of continuous-mode inputs. We analyze the dynamics conditioned on the detection of photons and show that the amplification gain depends on detection times and on the temporal profile of the input state and the auxiliary single-photon state required by the NLA. We also show that the output amplified state inherits the pulse shape of the ancilla photon.

  4. Nearly noiseless amplification of microwave signals with a Josephson parametric amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Castellanos-Beltran, Manuel

    2009-03-01

    A degenerate parametric amplifier transforms an incident coherent state by amplifying one of its quadrature components while deamplifying the other. This transformation, when performed by an ideal parametric amplifier, is completely deterministic and reversible; therefore the amplifier in principle can be noiseless. We attempt to realize a noiseless amplifier of this type at microwave frequencies with a Josephson parametric amplifier (JPA). To this end, we have built a superconducting microwave cavity containing many dc-SQUIDs. This arrangement creates a non-linear medium in a cavity and it is closely analogous to an optical parametric amplifier. In my talk, I will describe the current performance of this circuit, where I show I can amplify signals with less added noise than a quantum-limited amplifier that amplifies both quadratures. In addition, the JPA also squeezes the electromagnetic vacuum fluctuations by 10 dB. Finally, I will discuss our effort to put two such amplifiers in series in order to undo the first stage of squeezing with a second stage of amplification, demonstrating that the amplification process is truly reversible.[4pt] M. A. Castellanos-Beltran, K. D. Irwin, G. C. Hilton, L. R. Vale and K. W. Lehnert, Nature Physics, published on line, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nphys1090 (2008).

  5. Three-way noiseless signal splitting in a parametric amplifier with quantum correlation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Nannan; Li, Jiamin; Li, Xiaoying; Ou, Z. Y.

    2016-06-01

    We demonstrate that a phase-insensitive parametric amplifier, when coupled to a quantum correlated source, can be used as a quantum information tap for noiseless three-way signal splitting. We find that the output signals are amplified noiselessly in two of the three output ports, while the other can more or less keep its original input size without adding noise. This scheme can be cascaded and scaled up for efficient information distribution in an optical network. Furthermore, we find that this scheme satisfies the criteria for a nonideal quantum nondemolition (QND) measurement and thus can serve as a QND measurement device. With two readouts correlated to the input, we find this scheme also satisfies the criterion for a sequential QND measurement.

  6. Improving the maximum transmission distance of continuous-variable quantum key distribution using a noiseless amplifier

    SciTech Connect

    Blandino, Rémi; Etesse, Jean; Grangier, Philippe; Leverrier, Anthony; Barbieri, Marco; Tualle-Brouri, Rosa

    2014-12-04

    We show that the maximum transmission distance of continuous-variable quantum key distribution in presence of a Gaussian noisy lossy channel can be arbitrarily increased using a heralded noiseless linear amplifier. We explicitly consider a protocol using amplitude and phase modulated coherent states with reverse reconciliation. Assuming that the secret key rate drops to zero for a line transmittance T{sub lim}, we find that a noiseless amplifier with amplitude gain g can improve this value to T{sub lim}/g{sup 2}, corresponding to an increase in distance proportional to log g. We also show that the tolerance against noise is increased.

  7. Performance Improvement of Two-way Quantum Key Distribution by Using a Heralded Noiseless Amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Chenyang; Miao, Ruihang; Gong, Xinbao; Guo, Ying; He, Guangqiang

    2016-04-01

    We show the successful use of a heralded noiseless linear amplifier on the detection stage in the two-way continuous-variable quantum key distribution to improve the performance. Due to the excess noise, the secret-key rate of the two-way protocol becomes negative for a certain distance of transmission. The use of a heralded noiseless linear amplifier increases this distance by the equivalent of 20 log10 g dB of losses, and it also helps the two-way protocol tolerate more excess noise.

  8. Application of practical noiseless linear amplifier in no-switching continuous-variable quantum cryptography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Yichen; Yu, Song; Guo, Hong

    2015-11-01

    We propose a modified no-switching continuous-variable quantum key distribution protocol by employing a practical noiseless linear amplifier at the receiver to increase the maximal transmission distance and tolerable excess noise. A security analysis is presented to derive the secure bound of the protocol in presence of a Gaussian noisy lossy channel. Simulation results show that the modified protocol can not only transmit longer distance and tolerate more channel excess noise than the original protocol, but also distribute more secure keys in the enhanced region where we define a critical point to separate the enhanced and degenerative region. This critical point presents the condition of using a practical noiseless linear amplifier in the no-switching continuous-variable quantum cryptography, which is meaningful and instructive to implement a practical experiment.

  9. Improving Continuous-Variable Quantum Key Distribution Using the Heralded Noiseless Linear Amplifier with Source in the Middle

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liang, Jianwu; Zhou, Jian; Shi, Jinjing; He, Guangqiang; Guo, Ying

    2016-02-01

    We characterize the efficiency of the practical continuous-variable quantum key distribution (CVQKD) while inserting the heralded noiseless linear amplifier (NLA) before detectors to increase the secret key rate and the maximum transmission distance in Gaussian channels. In the heralded NLA-based CVQKD system, the entanglement source is only placed in the middle while the two participants are unnecessary to trust their source. The intensities of source noise are sensitive to the tunable NLA with the parameter g in a suitable range and can be stabilized to the suitable constant values to eliminate the impact of channel noise and defeat the potential attacks. Simulation results show that there is a well balance between the secret key rate and the maximum transmission distance with the tunable NLA.

  10. Multipass optical parametric amplifier

    SciTech Connect

    Jeys, T.H.

    1996-08-01

    A compact, low-threshold, multipass optical parametric amplifier has been developed for the conversion of short-pulse (360-ps) 1064-nm Nd:YAG laser radiation into eye-safe 1572-nm radiation for laser ranging and radar applications. The amplifier had a threshold pump power of as low as 45{mu}J, and at three to four times this threshold pump power the amplifier converted 30{percent} of the input 1064-nm radiation into 1572-nm output radiation. {copyright} {ital 1996 Optical Society of America.}

  11. Electrospun Amplified Fiber Optics

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    All-optical signal processing is the focus of much research aiming to obtain effective alternatives to existing data transmission platforms. Amplification of light in fiber optics, such as in Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers, is especially important for efficient signal transmission. However, the complex fabrication methods involving high-temperature processes performed in a highly pure environment slow the fabrication process and make amplified components expensive with respect to an ideal, high-throughput, room temperature production. Here, we report on near-infrared polymer fiber amplifiers working over a band of ∼20 nm. The fibers are cheap, spun with a process entirely carried out at room temperature, and shown to have amplified spontaneous emission with good gain coefficients and low levels of optical losses (a few cm–1). The amplification process is favored by high fiber quality and low self-absorption. The found performance metrics appear to be suitable for short-distance operations, and the large variety of commercially available doping dyes might allow for effective multiwavelength operations by electrospun amplified fiber optics. PMID:25710188

  12. Optical Amplifier for Space Applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fork, Richard L.; Cole, Spencer T.; Diffey, William M.; Gamble, Lisa J.

    1999-01-01

    We describe an open multipass optical amplifier designed to amplify a sampled region of an optical wavefront to kilowatt average power with low optical phase distortion. The overall goal is to amplify optical fields in a segmented, but phase coherent manner, so as to achieve high average power optical fields with high quality phase coherence over the large apertures needed for transmission of space solar power.

  13. Measurement-based noiseless linear amplification for quantum communication

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chrzanowski, Helen M.; Walk, Nathan; Assad, Syed M.; Janousek, Jiri; Hosseini, Sara; Ralph, Timothy C.; Symul, Thomas; Lam, Ping Koy

    2014-04-01

    Entanglement distillation is an indispensable ingredient in extended quantum communication networks. Distillation protocols are necessarily non-deterministic and require advanced experimental techniques such as noiseless amplification. Recently, it was shown that the benefits of noiseless amplification could be extracted by performing a post-selective filtering of the measurement record to improve the performance of quantum key distribution. We apply this protocol to entanglement degraded by transmission loss of up to the equivalent of 100 km of optical fibre. We measure an effective entangled resource stronger than that achievable by even a maximally entangled resource passively transmitted through the same channel. We also provide a proof-of-principle demonstration of secret key extraction from an otherwise insecure regime. The measurement-based noiseless linear amplifier offers two advantages over its physical counterpart: ease of implementation and near-optimal probability of success. It should provide an effective and versatile tool for a broad class of entanglement-based quantum communication protocols.

  14. Optical Amplifier for Space Applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fork, Richard L.; Cole, Spencer T.; Gamble, Lisa J.; Diffey, William M.; Keys, Andrew S.

    1999-01-01

    We describe an optical amplifier designed to amplify a spatially sampled component of an optical wavefront to kilowatt average power. The goal is means for implementing a strategy of spatially segmenting a large aperture wavefront, amplifying the individual segments, maintaining the phase coherence of the segments by active means, and imaging the resultant amplified coherent field. Applications of interest are the transmission of space solar power over multi-megameter distances, as to distant spacecraft, or to remote sites with no preexisting power grid.

  15. Optical switches based on semiconductor optical amplifiers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kalman, Robert F.; Dias, Antonio R.; Chau, Kelvin K.; Goodman, Joseph W.

    1991-12-01

    Fiber-optic switching systems typically exhibit large losses associated with splitting and combining of the optical power, and with excess component losses. These losses increase quickly with switch size. To obtain acceptable signal-to-noise performance through large optical switching, optical amplifiers can be used. In applications requiring optical switching, semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOAs) are preferred over erbium-doped fiber amplifiers due to their fast switching speeds and the possibility of their integration in monolithic structures with passive waveguides and electronics. We present a general analysis of optical switching systems utilizing SOAs. These systems, in which the gain provided by SOAs is distributed throughout the optical system, are referred to as distributed optical gain (DOG) systems. Our model predicts the performance and achievable sizes of switches based on the matrix-vector multiplier crossbar and Benes network. It is found that for realistic SOA parameters optical switches accommodating extremely large numbers of nodes are, in principle, achievable.

  16. Optical amplifiers for coherent lidar

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fork, Richard

    1996-01-01

    We examine application of optical amplification to coherent lidar for the case of a weak return signal (a number of quanta of the return optical field close to unity). We consider the option that has been explored to date, namely, incorporation of an optical amplifier operated in a linear manner located after reception of the signal and immediately prior to heterodyning and photodetection. We also consider alternative strategies where the coherent interaction, the nonlinear processes, and the amplification are not necessarily constrained to occur in the manner investigated to date. We include the complications that occur because of mechanisms that occur at the level of a few, or one, quantum excitation. Two factors combine in the work to date that limit the value of the approach. These are: (1) the weak signal tends to require operation of the amplifier in the linear regime where the important advantages of nonlinear optical processing are not accessed, (2) the linear optical amplifier has a -3dB noise figure (SN(out)/SN(in)) that necessarily degrades the signal. Some improvement is gained because the gain provided by the optical amplifier can be used to overcome losses in the heterodyned process and photodetection. The result, however, is that introduction of an optical amplifier in a well optimized coherent lidar system results in, at best, a modest improvement in signal to noise. Some improvement may also be realized on incorporating more optical components in a coherent lidar system for purely practical reasons. For example, more compact, lighter weight, components, more robust alignment, or more rapid processing may be gained. We further find that there remain a number of potentially valuable, but unexplored options offered both by the rapidly expanding base of optical technology and the recent investigation of novel nonlinear coherent interference phenomena occurring at the single quantum excitation level. Key findings are: (1) insertion of linear optical

  17. Raman-Enhanced Phase-Sensitive Fibre Optical Parametric Amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fu, Xuelei; Guo, Xiaojie; Shu, Chester

    2016-02-01

    Phase-sensitive amplification is of great research interest owing to its potential in noiseless amplification. One key feature in a phase-sensitive amplifier is the gain extinction ratio defined as the ratio of the maximum to the minimum gains. It quantifies the capability of the amplifier in performing low-noise amplification for high phase-sensitive gain. Considering a phase-sensitive fibre optical parametric amplifier for linear amplification, the gain extinction ratio increases with the phase-insensitive parametric gain achieved from the same pump. In this work, we use backward Raman amplification to increase the phase-insensitive parametric gain, which in turn improves the phase-sensitive operation. Using a 955 mW Raman pump, the gain extinction ratio is increased by 9.2 dB. The improvement in the maximum phase-sensitive gain is 18.7 dB. This scheme can significantly boost the performance of phase-sensitive amplification in a spectral range where the parametric pump is not sufficiently strong but broadband Raman amplification is available.

  18. Raman-Enhanced Phase-Sensitive Fibre Optical Parametric Amplifier

    PubMed Central

    Fu, Xuelei; Guo, Xiaojie; Shu, Chester

    2016-01-01

    Phase-sensitive amplification is of great research interest owing to its potential in noiseless amplification. One key feature in a phase-sensitive amplifier is the gain extinction ratio defined as the ratio of the maximum to the minimum gains. It quantifies the capability of the amplifier in performing low-noise amplification for high phase-sensitive gain. Considering a phase-sensitive fibre optical parametric amplifier for linear amplification, the gain extinction ratio increases with the phase-insensitive parametric gain achieved from the same pump. In this work, we use backward Raman amplification to increase the phase-insensitive parametric gain, which in turn improves the phase-sensitive operation. Using a 955 mW Raman pump, the gain extinction ratio is increased by 9.2 dB. The improvement in the maximum phase-sensitive gain is 18.7 dB. This scheme can significantly boost the performance of phase-sensitive amplification in a spectral range where the parametric pump is not sufficiently strong but broadband Raman amplification is available. PMID:26830136

  19. Optical processors using semiconductor optical amplifiers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, S.; Li, W.; Hu, H.; Dutta, N. K.

    2012-05-01

    Semiconductor optical amplifiers are important for wide range of applications in optical networks, optical tomography and optical logic systems. For many of these applications particularly for optical networks and optical logic, high speed performance of the SOA is important. All optical Boolean operations such as XOR, OR, AND and NOR has been demonstrated using SOA based Mach-Zhender interferometers (SOA-MZI). A rate equation model for SOA-MZI has been developed. The model has been used to analyze the Set-Reset (S-R) latch, the gated S-R latch and the D-Flip-Flop devices. The modeling results suggest that the Flip-Flop circuits should work at high speeds. An optical pseudo-random bit stream (PRBS) generator is important for all-optical encryption circuits. A model of a PRBS generator using SOAMZI based devices has been developed. We show that a PRBS generator can work @ 80 Gb/s using regular SOAs and @ ~ 250 Gb/s or at higher speeds using two-photon absorption based processes in SOAs.

  20. Nondegenerate optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier

    DOEpatents

    Jovanovic, Igor; Ebbers, Christopher A.

    2005-03-22

    A system provides an input pump pulse and a signal pulse. A first dichroic beamsplitter is highly reflective for the input signal pulse and highly transmissive for the input pump pulse. A first optical parametric amplifier nonlinear crystal transfers part of the energy from the input pump pulse to the input signal pulse resulting in a first amplified signal pulse and a first depleted pump pulse. A second dichroic beamsplitter is highly reflective for the first amplified signal pulse and highly transmissive for the first depleted pump pulse. A second optical parametric amplifier nonlinear crystal transfers part of the energy from the first depleted pump pulse to the first amplified signal pulse resulting in a second amplified signal pulse and a second depleted pump pulse. A third dichroic beamsplitter receives the second amplified signal pulse and the second depleted pump pulse. The second depleted pump pulse is discarded.

  1. HIGH AVERAGE POWER OPTICAL FEL AMPLIFIERS.

    SciTech Connect

    BEN-ZVI, ILAN, DAYRAN, D.; LITVINENKO, V.

    2005-08-21

    Historically, the first demonstration of the optical FEL was in an amplifier configuration at Stanford University [l]. There were other notable instances of amplifying a seed laser, such as the LLNL PALADIN amplifier [2] and the BNL ATF High-Gain Harmonic Generation FEL [3]. However, for the most part FELs are operated as oscillators or self amplified spontaneous emission devices. Yet, in wavelength regimes where a conventional laser seed can be used, the FEL can be used as an amplifier. One promising application is for very high average power generation, for instance FEL's with average power of 100 kW or more. The high electron beam power, high brightness and high efficiency that can be achieved with photoinjectors and superconducting Energy Recovery Linacs (ERL) combine well with the high-gain FEL amplifier to produce unprecedented average power FELs. This combination has a number of advantages. In particular, we show that for a given FEL power, an FEL amplifier can introduce lower energy spread in the beam as compared to a traditional oscillator. This properly gives the ERL based FEL amplifier a great wall-plug to optical power efficiency advantage. The optics for an amplifier is simple and compact. In addition to the general features of the high average power FEL amplifier, we will look at a 100 kW class FEL amplifier is being designed to operate on the 0.5 ampere Energy Recovery Linac which is under construction at Brookhaven National Laboratory's Collider-Accelerator Department.

  2. VLSI Universal Noiseless Coder

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rice, Robert F.; Lee, Jun-Ji; Fang, Wai-Chi

    1989-01-01

    Proposed universal noiseless coder (UNC) compresses stream of data signals for efficient transmission in channel of limited bandwidth. Noiseless in sense original data completely recoverable from output code. System built as very-large-scale integrated (VLSI) circuit, compressing data in real time at input rates as high as 24 Mb/s, and possibly faster, depending on specific design. Approach yields small, lightweight system operating reliably and consuming little power. Constructed as single, compact, low-power VLSI circuit chip. Design of VLSI circuit chip made specific to code algorithms. Entire UNC fabricated in single chip, worst-case power dissipation less than 1 W.

  3. A Low-Noise Semiconductor Optical Amplifier

    SciTech Connect

    Ratowsky, R.P.; Dijaili, S.; Kallman, J.S.; Feit, M.D.; Walker, J.

    1999-03-23

    Optical amplifiers are essential devices for optical networks, optical systems, and computer communications. These amplifiers compensate for the inevitable optical loss in long-distance propagation (>50 km) or splitting (>10x). Fiber amplifiers such as the erbium-doped fiber amplifier have revolutionized the fiber-optics industry and are enjoying widespread use. Semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOAs) are an alternative technology that complements the fiber amplifiers in cost and performance. One obstacle to the widespread use of SOAs is the severity of the inevitable noise output resulting from amplified spontaneous emission (ASE). Spectral filtering is often used to reduce ASE noise, but this constrains the source spectrally, and improvement is typically limited to about 10 dB. The extra components also add cost and complexity to the final assembly. The goal of this project was to analyze, design, and take significant steps toward the realization of an innovative, low-noise SOA based on the concept of ''distributed spatial filtering'' (DSF). In DSF, we alternate active SOA segments with passive free-space diffraction regions. Since spontaneous emission radiates equally in all directions, the free-space region lengthens the amplifier for a given length of gain region, narrowing the solid angle into which the spontaneous emission is amplified [1,2]. Our innovation is to use spatial filtering in a differential manner across many segments, thereby enhancing the effect when wave-optical effects are included [3]. The structure quickly and effectively strips the ASE into the higher-order modes, quenching the ASE gain relative to the signal.

  4. Diode amplifier of modulated optical beam power

    SciTech Connect

    D'yachkov, N V; Bogatov, A P; Gushchik, T I; Drakin, A E

    2014-11-30

    Analytical relations are obtained between characteristics of modulated light at the output and input of an optical diode power amplifier operating in the highly saturated gain regime. It is shown that a diode amplifier may act as an amplitude-to-phase modulation converter with a rather large bandwidth (∼10 GHz). The low sensitivity of the output power of the amplifier to the input beam power and its high energy efficiency allow it to be used as a building block of a high-power multielement laser system with coherent summation of a large number of optical beams. (lasers)

  5. Optical fiber lasers and amplifiers

    SciTech Connect

    Snitzer, E.; Po, H.; Tumminelli, R.P.; Hakimi, F.

    1989-03-21

    An optical fiber is described, which comprises: a substantially single-mode core having an index of refraction n/sub 1/ comprised of laser material disposed within a multi-mode cladding having an index of refraction n/sub 2/; and a further cladding having an index of refraction n/sub 3/ surrounding the multi-mode cladding with substantially no space between the further cladding and the multi-mode cladding; wherein the single-mode core is disposed at an offset from the geometric center of the multi-mode cladding.

  6. Space-division optical switches based on semiconductor optical amplifiers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kalman, Robert F.; Kazovsky, Leonid G.; Goodman, Joseph W.

    Benes and distributed gain matrix-vector multiplier (MVM) switches larger than 10 exp 10 x 10 exp can, in principle, be achieved by using semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOA's). In contrast, lumped gain SOA-based MVM switches are limited in size to less than 100 x 100.

  7. Quantum Illumination with Noiseless Linear Amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Sheng-Li; Wang, -Kun; Guo, Jian-Sheng; Shi, Jian-Hong

    2015-09-01

    Not Available Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos U1304613, 11204197, 11204379 and 11074244, the National Basic Research Program of China under Grant No 2011CBA00200, and the Doctor Science Research Foundation from the Ministry of Education of China under Grant No 20113402110059.

  8. Self-amplified optical pattern recognition system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Liu, Hua-Kuang (Inventor)

    1994-01-01

    A self amplifying optical pattern recognizer includes a geometric system configuration similar to that of a Vander Lugt holographic matched filter configuration with a photorefractive crystal specifically oriented with respect to the input beams. An extraordinarily polarized, spherically converging object image beam is formed by laser illumination of an input object image and applied through a photorefractive crystal, such as a barium titanite (BaTiO.sub.3) crystal. A volume or thin-film dif ORIGIN OF THE INVENTION The invention described herein was made in the performance of work under a NASA contract, and is subject to the provisions of Public Law 96-517 (35 USC 202) in which the Contractor has elected to retain title.

  9. Noiseless Coding Of Magnetometer Signals

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rice, Robert F.; Lee, Jun-Ji

    1989-01-01

    Report discusses application of noiseless data-compression coding to digitized readings of spaceborne magnetometers for transmission back to Earth. Objective of such coding to increase efficiency by decreasing rate of transmission without sacrificing integrity of data. Adaptive coding compresses data by factors ranging from 2 to 6.

  10. Noiseless intensity amplification of repetitive signals by coherent addition using the temporal Talbot effect

    PubMed Central

    Maram, Reza; Van Howe, James; Li, Ming; Azaña, José

    2014-01-01

    Amplification of signal intensity is essential for initiating physical processes, diagnostics, sensing, communications and measurement. During traditional amplification, the signal is amplified by multiplying the signal carriers through an active gain process, requiring the use of an external power source. In addition, the signal is degraded by noise and distortions that typically accompany active gain processes. We show noiseless intensity amplification of repetitive optical pulse waveforms with gain from 2 to ~20 without using active gain. The proposed method uses a dispersion-induced temporal self-imaging (Talbot) effect to redistribute and coherently accumulate energy of the original repetitive waveforms into fewer replica waveforms. In addition, we show how our passive amplifier performs a real-time average of the wave-train to reduce its original noise fluctuation, as well as enhances the extinction ratio of pulses to stand above the noise floor. Our technique is applicable to repetitive waveforms in any spectral region or wave system. PMID:25319207

  11. Measurement-based noiseless linear amplification for quantum communication

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chrzanowski, H. M.; Walk, N.; Haw, J. Y.; Thearle, O.; Assad, S. M.; Janousek, J.; Hosseini, S.; Ralph, T. C.; Symul, T.; Lam, P. K.

    2014-11-01

    Entanglement distillation is an indispensable ingredient in extended quantum communication networks. Distillation protocols are necessarily non-deterministic and require non-trivial experimental techniques such as noiseless amplification. We show that noiseless amplification could be achieved by performing a post-selective filtering of measurement outcomes. We termed this protocol measurement-based noiseless linear amplification (MBNLA). We apply this protocol to entanglement that suffers transmission loss of up to the equivalent of 100km of optical fibre and show that it is capable of distilling entanglement to a level stronger than that achievable by transmitting a maximally entangled state through the same channel. We also provide a proof-of-principle demonstration of secret key extraction from an otherwise insecure regime via MBNLA. Compared to its physical counterpart, MBNLA not only is easier in term of implementation, but also allows one to achieve near optimal probability of success.

  12. Fiber optical parametric amplifiers in optical communication systems

    PubMed Central

    Marhic (†), Michel E; Andrekson, Peter A; Petropoulos, Periklis; Radic, Stojan; Peucheret, Christophe; Jazayerifar, Mahmoud

    2015-01-01

    The prospects for using fiber optical parametric amplifiers (OPAs) in optical communication systems are reviewed. Phase-insensitive amplifiers (PIAs) and phase-sensitive amplifiers (PSAs) are considered. Low-penalty amplification at/or near 1 Tb/s has been achieved, for both wavelength- and time-division multiplexed formats. High-quality mid-span spectral inversion has been demonstrated at 0.64 Tb/s, avoiding electronic dispersion compensation. All-optical amplitude regeneration of amplitude-modulated signals has been performed, while PSAs have been used to demonstrate phase regeneration of phase-modulated signals. A PSA with 1.1-dB noise figure has been demonstrated, and preliminary wavelength-division multiplexing experiments have been performed with PSAs. 512 Gb/s have been transmitted over 6,000 km by periodic phase conjugation. Simulations indicate that PIAs could reach data rate x reach products in excess of 14,000 Tb/s × km in realistic wavelength-division multiplexed long-haul networks. Technical challenges remaining to be addressed in order for fiber OPAs to become useful for long-haul communication networks are discussed. PMID:25866588

  13. Entanglement of Coupled Optomechanical Systems Improved by Optical Parametric Amplifiers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pan, Guixia; Xiao, Ruijie; Zhou, Ling

    2016-04-01

    A scheme to generate the stationary entanglement of two distant coupled optical cavities placed optical parametric amplifiers is proposed. We study how the optical parametric amplifiers can affect the entanglement behaviors of the movable mirrors and the cavity fields. With the existence of optical parametric amplifiers, we show that larger stationary entanglement of optical and mechanical modes can be obtained and the entanglement increases with the increasing parametric gain. Especially, the degree of entanglement between the two cavity fields is more pronouncedly enhanced. Moreover, for a fixed parametric gain, the entanglement of distant cavity optomechanical systems increases as the input laser power is increased.

  14. Entanglement of Coupled Optomechanical Systems Improved by Optical Parametric Amplifiers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pan, Guixia; Xiao, Ruijie; Zhou, Ling

    2016-08-01

    A scheme to generate the stationary entanglement of two distant coupled optical cavities placed optical parametric amplifiers is proposed. We study how the optical parametric amplifiers can affect the entanglement behaviors of the movable mirrors and the cavity fields. With the existence of optical parametric amplifiers, we show that larger stationary entanglement of optical and mechanical modes can be obtained and the entanglement increases with the increasing parametric gain. Especially, the degree of entanglement between the two cavity fields is more pronouncedly enhanced. Moreover, for a fixed parametric gain, the entanglement of distant cavity optomechanical systems increases as the input laser power is increased.

  15. Gated frequency-resolved optical imaging with an optical parametric amplifier

    DOEpatents

    Cameron, Stewart M.; Bliss, David E.; Kimmel, Mark W.; Neal, Daniel R.

    1999-01-01

    A system for detecting objects in a turbid media utilizes an optical parametric amplifier as an amplifying gate for received light from the media. An optical gating pulse from a second parametric amplifier permits the system to respond to and amplify only ballistic photons from the object in the media.

  16. Gated frequency-resolved optical imaging with an optical parametric amplifier

    DOEpatents

    Cameron, S.M.; Bliss, D.E.; Kimmel, M.W.; Neal, D.R.

    1999-08-10

    A system for detecting objects in a turbid media utilizes an optical parametric amplifier as an amplifying gate for received light from the media. An optical gating pulse from a second parametric amplifier permits the system to respond to and amplify only ballistic photons from the object in the media. 13 figs.

  17. Use of a photonic crystal for optical amplifier gain control

    DOEpatents

    Lin, Shawn-Yu; Fleming, James G.; El-Kady, Ihab

    2006-07-18

    An optical amplifier having a uniform gain profile uses a photonic crystal to tune the density-of-states of a gain medium so as to modify the light emission rate between atomic states. The density-of-states of the gain medium is tuned by selecting the size, shape, dielectric constant, and spacing of a plurality of microcavity defects in the photonic crystal. The optical amplifier is particularly useful for the regeneration of DWDM signals in long optical fibers.

  18. Cross-talk free, low-noise optical amplifier

    DOEpatents

    Dijaili, S.P.; Patterson, F.G.; Deri, R.J.

    1995-07-25

    A low-noise optical amplifier solves crosstalk problems in optical amplifiers by using an optical cavity oriented off-axis (e.g. perpendicular) to the direction of a signal amplified by the gain medium of the optical amplifier. Several devices are used to suppress parasitic lasing of these types of structures. The parasitic lasing causes the gain of these structures to be practically unusable. The lasing cavity is operated above threshold and the gain of the laser is clamped to overcome the losses of the cavity. Any increase in pumping causes the lasing power to increase. The clamping action of the gain greatly reduces crosstalk due to gain saturation for the amplified signal beam. It also reduces other nonlinearities associated with the gain medium such as four-wave mixing induced crosstalk. This clamping action can occur for a bandwidth defined by the speed of the laser cavity. The lasing field also reduces the response time of the gain medium. By having the lasing field off-axis, no special coatings are needed. Other advantages are that the lasing field is easily separated from the amplified signal and the carrier grating fluctuations induced by four-wave mixing are decreased. Two related methods reduce the amplified spontaneous emission power without sacrificing the gain of the optical amplifier. 11 figs.

  19. Cross-talk free, low-noise optical amplifier

    DOEpatents

    Dijaili, Sol P.; Patterson, Frank G.; Deri, Robert J.

    1995-01-01

    A low-noise optical amplifier solves crosstalk problems in optical amplifiers by using an optical cavity oriented off-axis (e.g. perpendicular) to the direction of a signal amplified by the gain medium of the optical amplifier. Several devices are used to suppress parasitic lasing of these types of structures. The parasitic lasing causes the gain of these structures to be practically unusable. The lasing cavity is operated above threshold and the gain of the laser is clamped to overcome the losses of the cavity. Any increase in pumping causes the lasing power to increase. The clamping action of the gain greatly reduces crosstalk due to gain saturation for the amplified signal beam. It also reduces other nonlinearities associated with the gain medium such as four-wave mixing induced crosstalk. This clamping action can occur for a bandwidth defined by the speed of the laser cavity. The lasing field also reduces the response time of the gain medium. By having the lasing field off-axis, no special coatings are needed. Other advantages are that the lasing field is easily separated from the amplified signal and the carrier grating fluctuations induced by four-wave mixing are decreased. Two related methods reduce the amplified spontaneous emission power without sacrificing the gain of the optical amplifier.

  20. Amplified Fiber-Optic Networks for Sensor Multiplexing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    López‑Amo, Manuel; Abad, Silvia

    2006-08-01

    This work is meant to provide a review of the uses of optically amplified networks to resolve the problem of power loss compensation in fiber-optic sensor (FOS) networks. This is a key parameter in large multiplexing networks, particularly when employing intensity-modulated sensors. A brief discussion on the benefits of active networks versus passive structures in terms of the number of multiplexed sensors is provided. In particular, the advantages of distributed optical amplification, both erbium-doped and Raman, in bus architectures are analyzed. Since the inclusion of optical amplifiers generates a new source of noise, the different proposed topologies have been oriented towards the reduction of this amplification noise.

  1. High-power polymer optical fiber amplifiers and their applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi; Fujii, Kazuhito; Teramoto, Shigehiro; Tagaya, Akihiro; Nihei, Eisuke; Kinoshita, Takeshi; Koike, Yasuhiro; Sasaki, Keisuke

    1994-10-01

    Amplification characteristics of graded-index (GI) type organic dye doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers (POFAs) are discussed. As an organic dye for optical amplification, Rhodamine 6G, Rhodamine B, and Perylene Red are doped in the core region of polymer optical fibers (POFs). These POFA can obtain optical gain in the visible region of wavelength from 570 nm to 620 nm. POFA is promising for extraordinary high power optical amplification in comparison with rare-earth ions doped silica fiber amplifier. For example, output power of 1 kW with a gain of 30 dB can be obtained by using a Rhodamine B doped POFA at a low dye concentration of 1 ppm. Additionally, a novel solid-state POFA amplifier system is demonstrated.

  2. Fiber optic signal amplifier using thermoelectric power generation

    DOEpatents

    Hart, M.M.

    1995-04-18

    A remote fiber optic signal amplifier for use as a repeater/amplifier, such as in transoceanic communications, powered by a Pu{sub 238} or Sr{sub 90} thermoelectric generator. The amplifier comprises a unit with connections on the receiving and sending sides of the communications system, and an erbium-doped fiber amplifier connecting each sending fiber to each receiving fiber. The thermoelectric generator, preferably a Pu{sub 238} or Sr{sub 90} thermoelectric generator delivers power to the amplifiers through a regulator. The heat exchange surfaces of the thermoelectric generator are made of materials resistant to corrosion and biological growth and are directly exposed to the outside, such as the ocean water in transoceanic communications. 2 figs.

  3. Fiber optic signal amplifier using thermoelectric power generation

    DOEpatents

    Hart, M.M.

    1993-01-01

    A remote fiber optic signal amplifier for use as a repeater/amplifier, such as in transoceanic communication, powered by a Pu{sub 238} or Sr{sub 90} thermoelectric generator. The amplifier comprises a unit with connections on the receiving and sending sides of the communications system, and an erbium-doped fiber amplifier connecting each sending fiber to each receiving fiber. The thermoelectric generator, preferably a Pu{sub 238} or Sr{sub 90} thermoelectric generator delivers power to the amplifiers through a regulator. The heat exchange surfaces of the thermoelectric generator are made of material resistant to corrosion and biological growth and are directly exposed to the outside, such as the ocean water in transoceanic communications.

  4. Fiber optic signal amplifier using thermoelectric power generation

    DOEpatents

    Hart, Mark M.

    1995-01-01

    A remote fiber optic signal amplifier for use as a repeater/amplifier, such as in transoceanic communications, powered by a Pu.sub.238 or Sr.sub.90 thermoelectric generator. The amplifier comprises a unit with connections on the receiving and sending sides of the communications system, and an erbium-doped fiber amplifier connecting each sending fiber to each receiving fiber. The thermoelectric generator, preferably a Pu.sub.238 or Sr.sub.90 thermoelectric generator delivers power to the amplifiers through a regulator. The heat exchange surfaces of the thermoelectric generator are made of materials resistant to corrosion and biological growth and are directly exposed to the outside, such as the ocean water in transoceanic communications.

  5. Experimental demonstration of nanosecond optical parametric amplifier in YCOB

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Huanhuan; Li, Shiguang; Ma, Xiuhua; Zhu, Xiaolei; Tu, Xiaoniu; Zheng, Yanqing

    2013-05-01

    In this letter, we provide the experimental demonstration of nanosecond optical parametric amplification in YCOB centered at 1572 nm. The optical gain characterization of YCOB crystal was simulated and tested in this optical parametric conversion. A saturated OPA gain of 2.4 was obtained. The results confirm that YCOB crystal has the potential to be used in a high-energy cascade of MOPA parametric amplifiers at 1572 nm.

  6. Microwave photonic interference mitigation filter based on semiconductor optical amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Enming; Zhang, Xinliang; Zhou, Lina; Zhang, Yu; Yu, Yuan; Wang, Fei; Huang, Dexiu

    2009-11-01

    A microwave photonic interference mitigation filter is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The structure is based on a recirculating delay line loop comprising a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) and a tunable narrowband optical filter. Converted signal used as negative tap is generated through wavelength conversion employing cross-gain modulation of amplified spontaneous emission spectrum of the SOA. The converted signal circulating in the RDL loop realizes a high quality factor (Q) response after photo-detection. A bandpass response with negative coefficients combined with a broadband allpass response achieves a notch response with flat passband.

  7. System and method for linearly amplifying optical analog signals by backward Raman scattering

    DOEpatents

    Lin, Cheng-Heui

    1988-01-01

    A system for linearly amplifying an optical analog signal by backward stimulated Raman scattering comprises a laser source for generating a pump pulse; and an optic fiber having two opposed apertures, a first aperture for receiving the pump pulse and a second aperture for receiving the optical analog signal, wherein the optical analog signal is linearly amplified to an amplified optical analog signal.

  8. System and method for linearly amplifying optical analog signals by backward Raman scattering

    DOEpatents

    Lin, Cheng-Heui

    1988-07-05

    A system for linearly amplifying an optical analog signal by backward stimulated Raman scattering comprises a laser source for generating a pump pulse; and an optic fiber having two opposed apertures, a first aperture for receiving the pump pulse and a second aperture for receiving the optical analog signal, wherein the optical analog signal is linearly amplified to an amplified optical analog signal.

  9. Highly stable biased amplifier and stretcher system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Roddick, R. G.

    1970-01-01

    Amplifier and stretcher system, which minimizes thermal effects and compensates for repetition-rate effects, maintains resolution levels in spectrum analysis. An additional inverting amplifier is used in the system to provide a noiseless charge restorer.

  10. Optical Amplifier Based Space Solar Power

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fork, Richard L.

    2001-01-01

    The objective was to design a safe optical power beaming system for use in space. Research was focused on identification of strategies and structures that would enable achievement near diffraction limited optical beam quality, highly efficient electrical to optical conversion, and high average power in combination in a single system. Efforts centered on producing high efficiency, low mass of the overall system, low operating temperature, precision pointing and tracking capability, compatibility with useful satellite orbits, component and system reliability, and long component and system life in space. A system based on increasing the power handled by each individual module to an optimum and the number of modules in the complete structure was planned. We were concerned with identifying the most economical and rapid path to commercially viable safe space solar power.

  11. Demonstration of a reversible phase-insensitive optical amplifier

    SciTech Connect

    Yoshikawa, Jun-ichi; Miwa, Yoshichika; Furusawa, Akira; Filip, Radim

    2011-05-15

    We experimentally demonstrate phase-insensitive linear amplification of a continuous variable system in the optical regime, preserving the ancilla system at the output. Since our amplification operation is unitary up to small excess noise, it is reversible beyond the classical limit. Here, entanglement between the amplified output system and the ancilla system is the resource for the reversibility, and the amplification gain is G=2.0. In addition, combining this amplifier with a beamsplitter, we also demonstrate approximate cloning of coherent states where an anticlone is present. We investigate the reversibility by reconstructing the initial state from the output correlations, and the results are slightly beyond the cloning limit. Furthermore, full characterization of the amplifier and cloner is given by using coherent states with several different mean values as inputs. Our amplifier is based on linear optics, offline-prepared additional ancillas in nonclassical states, and homodyne measurements followed by feedforward. Squeezed states are used as the additional ancillas, and nonlinear optical effects are exploited only for their generation. They introduce nonclassicality into the amplifying operation, making entanglement at the output.

  12. An Optical Parametric Amplifier for Profiling Gases of Atmospheric Interest

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Heaps, William (Technical Monitor); Burris, John; Richter, Dale

    2004-01-01

    This paper describes the development of a lidar transmitter using an optical parametric amplifier. It is designed for profiling gases of atmospheric interest at high spatial and temporal precision in the near-IR. Discussions on desirable characteristics for such a transmitter with specific reference to the case of CO, are made.

  13. Demonstration of slow light in semiconductor optical amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Patil, Anoop C.; Venkitesh, Deepa; Dexter, Karl; Anandarajah, Prince; Barry, Liam P.

    2011-08-01

    Slow light generation through four wave mixing is experimentally investigated in a non-linear semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA). The mechanism of slow-light generation is analyzed through gain saturation behavior of the SOA. The delay of the probe beam is controlled optically by pump-probe detuning. A delay of 260 ps is achieved for sinusoidal modulation at 0.5 GHz corresponding to a RF phase change of 0.26π.

  14. Demonstration of slow light in semiconductor optical amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Patil, Anoop C.; Venkitesh, Deepa; Dexter, Karl; Anandarajah, Prince; Barry, Liam P.

    2010-12-01

    Slow light generation through four wave mixing is experimentally investigated in a non-linear semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA). The mechanism of slow-light generation is analyzed through gain saturation behavior of the SOA. The delay of the probe beam is controlled optically by pump-probe detuning. A delay of 260 ps is achieved for sinusoidal modulation at 0.5 GHz corresponding to a RF phase change of 0.26π.

  15. Broadband picosecond radiation source based on noncollinear optical parametric amplifier

    SciTech Connect

    Arakcheev, V G; Morozov, V B; Vereshchagin, A K; Vereshchagin, K A; Tunkin, V G; Yakovlev, D V

    2014-04-28

    Amplification of broadband radiation of modeless dye laser by a noncollinear optical parametric amplifier based on a KTP crystal has been implemented upon pumping by 63-ps second-harmonic pulses of a Nd : YAG laser. Pulses with a bandwidth of 21 nm, a duration of 26 ps and an energy of 1.2 mJ have been obtained at the centre wavelength of 685 nm. (nonlinear optical phenomena)

  16. Erbium Doped Fiber Sources and Amplifiers for Optical Fiber Sensors.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wagener, Jefferson L.

    1996-08-01

    This thesis explores the use of erbium-doped fiber in lasers, amplified spontaneous emission sources, and amplifiers with particular attention to applications involving fiber sensor technology. Erbium-doped fiber laser output power is shown to be strongly dependent on the erbium dopant concentration in a fiber. Using multiple fibers with various erbium ion concentrations, laser output powers are found to decrease as erbium concentration is increased. Upconversion in paired ions is successfully used to model the lasers, resulting in a better understanding of the loss mechanism involved. Further investigation shows that co-doping an erbium-doped fiber with aluminum helps eliminate upconversion in paired ions, and an optimum ratio of 20 aluminum ions for every erbium ion is established. Upconversion due to paired ions is also used to predict the behavior of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers as a function of the erbium ion concentration. With this knowledge of concentration dependence, a low doped, high output power fiber is chosen for use as an amplified spontaneous emission source in a fiber optic gyroscope. Used as a single pass broadband source in one propagation direction and as a signal amplifier in the other direction, this source is tested experimentally in a high quality fiber gyroscope. Experimental results reveal an unexpected dependence on the polarization states of the optical pump and the gyroscope output signal. A theory of polarization anisotropy in the erbium ions is developed in full and accurately models the experimental observations. Using this model to optimize the source, a fiber gyroscope output stability of 4 parts per million is obtained experimentally, approaching the requirements of inertial navigation. This model is also used to explore novel single polarization amplified spontaneous emission sources. Large scale amplified sensor arrays are examined theoretically to determine component and amplification requirements. For balanced gain and loss

  17. Space division switches based on semiconductor optical amplifiers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kalman, R. F.; Kazovsky, L. G.; Goodman, J. W.

    Semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOA's) can be used in space-division (SD) switches to provide both switching and optical gain. We present a general analysis of optical switches using SOA's, considering noise and saturation effects associated with amplified spontaneous emission. Based on this analysis, we derive size limitations of SD switches. Three specific SD switching architectures are considered. For a lumped gain matrix vector multiplier (MVM) switch, switch sizes are limited to the range of 3000 x 3000 for SOA's with saturation output powers of 100 mW. Based on the effects considered in our analysis, distributed gain MVM switches and Benes switches are not limited by signal-to noise ratio and saturation up to sizes of 10 exp 80 x 10 exp 80 for SOA's with saturation output powers of 100 mW.

  18. High repetition rate fiber amplifier pumped sub-20 fs optical parametric amplifier.

    PubMed

    Rothhardt, J; Hädrich, S; Schimpf, D N; Limpert, J; Tünnermann, A

    2007-12-10

    We report on a high repetition rate noncollinear optical parametric amplifier system (NOPA) based on a cavity dumped Ti:Sapphire oscillator providing the signal, and an Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifier pumping the device. Temporally synchronized NOPA pump pulses are created via soliton generation in a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber. This soliton is fiber amplified to high pulse-energies at high repetition rates. The broadband Ti:Sapphire laser pulses are parametrically amplified either directly or after additional spectral broadening. The approach of fiber-based pump-pulse generation from a femtosecond laser, that emits in the spectral region of NOPA-gain, offers enhanced long-term stability and pulse quality compared to conventional techniques, such as signal pulse generation from a high power laser system via filamentation in bulk media. The presented system produces high-energy ultra-short pulses with pulse-durations down to 15.6 fs and pulse-energies up to 500 nJ at a repetition rate as high as 2 MHz. PMID:19550960

  19. Low-dispersion, high-gain femtosecond optical pulse amplifier.

    PubMed

    Rodenberger, D C; Grossman, C H; Garito, A F

    1990-05-01

    We demonstrate a novel amplifier for femtosecond optical pulses. The output of a colliding-pulse mode-locked laser is amplified to 0.3 microJ per pulse at a repetition rate of 8 kHz by using 1 W of pump power from a copper-vapor laser. Our high-efficiency amplifier focuses the beam for four gain passes through a thin dye stream that uses a Z configuration with matched focusing. Because of low group-velocity dispersion, the output pulses are only slightly broadened, from 63 to 73 fsec, and may be used directly to generate a white-light continuum without pulse compression after amplification. PMID:19767988

  20. Experimental Implementation of a Quantum Optical State Comparison Amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Donaldson, Ross J.; Collins, Robert J.; Eleftheriadou, Electra; Barnett, Stephen M.; Jeffers, John; Buller, Gerald S.

    2015-03-01

    We present an experimental demonstration of a practical nondeterministic quantum optical amplification scheme that employs two mature technologies, state comparison and photon subtraction, to achieve amplification of known sets of coherent states with high fidelity. The amplifier uses coherent states as a resource rather than single photons, which allows for a relatively simple light source, such as a diode laser, providing an increased rate of amplification. The amplifier is not restricted to low amplitude states. With respect to the two key parameters, fidelity and the amplified state production rate, we demonstrate significant improvements over previous experimental implementations, without the requirement of complex photonic components. Such a system may form the basis of trusted quantum repeaters in nonentanglement-based quantum communications systems with known phase alphabets, such as quantum key distribution or quantum digital signatures.

  1. Testing methodologies and systems for semiconductor optical amplifiers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wieckowski, Michael

    Semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOA's) are gaining increased prominence in both optical communication systems and high-speed optical processing systems, due primarily to their unique nonlinear characteristics. This in turn, has raised questions regarding their lifetime performance reliability and has generated a demand for effective testing techniques. This is especially critical for industries utilizing SOA's as components for system-in-package products. It is important to note that very little research to date has been conducted in this area, even though production volume and market demand has continued to increase. In this thesis, the reliability of dilute-mode InP semiconductor optical amplifiers is studied experimentally and theoretically. The aging characteristics of the production level devices are demonstrated and the necessary techniques to accurately characterize them are presented. In addition, this work proposes a new methodology for characterizing the optical performance of these devices using measurements in the electrical domain. It is shown that optical performance degradation, specifically with respect to gain, can be directly qualified through measurements of electrical subthreshold differential resistance. This metric exhibits a linear proportionality to the defect concentration in the active region, and as such, can be used for prescreening devices before employing traditional optical testing methods. A complete theoretical analysis is developed in this work to explain this relationship based upon the device's current-voltage curve and its associated leakage and recombination currents. These results are then extended to realize new techniques for testing semiconductor optical amplifiers and other similarly structured devices. These techniques can be employed after fabrication and during packaged operation through the use of a proposed stand-alone testing system, or using a proposed integrated CMOS self-testing circuit. Both methods are capable

  2. Optical-fiber laser amplifier for ultrahigh-speed communications

    SciTech Connect

    Gosnell, T.; Xie, Ping; Cockroft, N.

    1996-04-01

    This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The project objective was to develop a praseodymium-based 1.31-{mu}m fiber amplifier that can be optically pumped with off-the-shelf semiconductor diode lasers. Development of optical amplifiers for the 1.31-{mu}m communications window is motivated by the push towards ``all-optical`` networks that will support multigigabits per second communication rates. Our approach exploited radiationless energy transfer from optically pumped Yb{sup 3+} ions co-doped with Pr{sup 3+} into a fluorozirconate glass (ZBLAN). We obtained a gain of approximately 10 on a 1.31-{mu}m amplifier, a value too low for practical applications. In two spin- off applications, all-solid-state operation at all four output wavelengths was achieved in the development of a four-color visible laser, and laser cooling of a solid material was demonstrated for the first time in the development of a fluorescent cryogenic refrigerator.

  3. Compact dual channel optical fiber amplifier for space communication applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stevens, G.; Henwood-Moroney, L.; Hosking, P.; Kehayas, E.; Stampoulidis, L.; Robertson, A.

    2015-03-01

    We present results from the development of a dual channel Optical Fiber Amplifier (OFA) that consists of two copropagating low noise EDFAs at 1565 and 1545nm. The two channels have separate outputs but can also be combined via an optical switch to a common output channel for an increased output signal power. The OFA produces up to 35dB gain at low signal input powers and a total of over 350mW optical signal power combined from both EDFA channels with a 5mW signal input. The OFA was tested with input signals between 0.1 - 20 mW over the C-band and with pump power varying from 0 - 100% of the maximum operating pump power. The OFA module has total mass of 583 g including all electrical and optical components, as well as optical and electrical bulkheads, and a total module volume of 430 cm3. The module was also radiation tested via gamma irradiation up to 100 krad TID, validating the robustness of the optical amplifier against RIA effects and its suitability for LEO and GEO satellite missions.

  4. Thermal noise for SBS suppression in fiber optical parametric amplifiers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mussot, Arnaud; Le Parquier, Marc; Szriftgiser, Pascal

    2010-06-01

    We demonstrate a new and simple solution to suppress stimulated Brillouin scattering in fiber optical parametric amplifiers. Cumbersome PRBS or sinusoidal generators used to broaden the pump spectrum are replaced by a filtered microwave noise source. Stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold can be increased up to large values still keeping an excellent quality of amplification of nonreturn to zero signals. The simplicity and the performances of this setup open the way for a wide variety of applications for FOPAs.

  5. Ultrafast optical properties of lithographically defined quantum dot amplifiers

    SciTech Connect

    Miaja-Avila, L.; Verma, V. B.; Mirin, R. P.; Silverman, K. L.; Coleman, J. J.

    2014-02-10

    We measure the ultrafast optical response of lithographically defined quantum dot amplifiers at 40 K. Recovery of the gain mostly occurs in less than 1 picosecond, with some longer-term transients attributable to carrier heating. Recovery of the absorption proceeds on a much longer timescale, representative of relaxation between quantum dot levels and carrier recombination. We also measure transparency current-density in these devices.

  6. Ground and Airborne Methane Measurements with an Optical Parametric Amplifier

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Numata, Kenji

    2012-01-01

    We report on ground and airborne atmospheric methane measurements with a differential absorption lidar using an optical parametric amplifier (OPA). Methane is a strong greenhouse gas on Earth and its accurate global mapping is urgently needed to understand climate change. We are developing a nanosecond-pulsed OPA for remote measurements of methane from an Earth-orbiting satellite. We have successfully demonstrated the detection of methane on the ground and from an airplane at approximately 11-km altitude.

  7. New concept for a regenerative amplifier for passive optical networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tervonen, A.; Mattila, M.; Weiershausen, W.; von Lerber, T.; Parsons, E.; Chaouch, H.; Kueppers, F.; Honkanen, S.

    2011-01-01

    Photonic balancing - a scheme where logically opposite pulses derived from the two outputs of a delay-line demodulator for phase shift keyed (PSK) signals counter-propagate in the saturated regime of a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) - has been proven to enhance the receiver performance, e.g. in terms of decreased optical signal-to-noise-ratio (OSNR) requirements for a given target bit error ratio (BER). Here, we extend the photonic balancing scheme towards a new concept for a regenerative amplifier targeted at extending the reach and/or the number of subscribers in passive optical networks (PON) in order to support major operators' plans to reduce the number of central offices and access areas by approximately 90%. For a given target BER, we demonstrate experimentally (a) an 8-dB higher post-amplifier loss tolerance, (b) an extended feeder line length (75 km) combined with high splitting ratio (10 layers) for a preamplified version, and (c) high input power variation tolerance (> 30 dB burst-to-burst) in upstream direction as needed for highly asymmetric tree structures.

  8. Noiseless Conditional Teleportation of a Single Photon.

    PubMed

    Fuwa, Maria; Toba, Shunsuke; Takeda, Shuntaro; Marek, Petr; Mišta, Ladislav; Filip, Radim; van Loock, Peter; Yoshikawa, Jun-Ichi; Furusawa, Akira

    2014-11-28

    We experimentally demonstrate the noiseless teleportation of a single photon by conditioning on quadrature Bell measurement results near the origin in phase space and thereby circumventing the photon loss that otherwise occurs even in optimal gain-tuned continuous-variable quantum teleportation. In general, thanks to this loss suppression, the noiseless conditional teleportation can preserve the negativity of the Wigner function for an arbitrary pure input state and an arbitrary pure entangled resource state. In our experiment, the positive value of the Wigner function at the origin for the unconditional output state, W(0,0)=0.015±0.001, becomes clearly negative after conditioning, W(0,0)=-0.025±0.005, illustrating the advantage of noiseless conditional teleportation. PMID:25494071

  9. Amplifier Noise Based Optical Steganography with Coherent Detection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Ben; Chang, Matthew P.; Caldwell, Naomi R.; Caldwell, Myles E.; Prucnal, Paul R.

    2014-12-01

    We summarize the principle and experimental setup of optical steganography based on amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) noise. Using ASE noise as the signal carrier, optical steganography effectively hides a stealth channel in both the time domain and the frequency domain. Coherent detection is used at the receiver of the stealth channel. Because ASE noise has short coherence length and random phase, it only interferes with itself within a very short range. Coherent detection requires the stealth transmitter and stealth receiver to precisely match the optical delay,which generates a large key space for the stealth channel. Several methods to further improve optical steganography, signal to noise ratio, compatibility with the public channel, and applications of the stealth channel are also summarized in this review paper.

  10. Monolithically integrated quantum dot optical modulator with Semiconductor optical amplifier for short-range optical communications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamamoto, Naokatsu; Akahane, Kouichi; Umezawa, Toshimasa; Kawanishi, Tetsuya

    2015-04-01

    A monolithically integrated quantum dot (QD) optical gain modulator (OGM) with a QD semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) was successfully developed. Broadband QD optical gain material was used to achieve Gbps-order high-speed optical data transmission, and an optical gain change as high as approximately 6-7 dB was obtained with a low OGM voltage of 2.0 V. Loss of optical power due to insertion of the device was also effectively compensated for by the SOA section. Furthermore, it was confirmed that the QD-OGM/SOA device helped achieve 6.0-Gbps error-free optical data transmission over a 2.0-km-long photonic crystal fiber. We also successfully demonstrated generation of Gbps-order, high-speed, and error-free optical signals in the >5.5-THz broadband optical frequency bandwidth larger than the C-band. These results suggest that the developed monolithically integrated QD-OGM/SOA device will be an advantageous and compact means of increasing the usable optical frequency channels for short-reach communications.

  11. Design studies of quasi-optical gyro amplifiers

    SciTech Connect

    Hu, W.; Kreischer, K.E.; Temkin, R.J.

    1995-12-31

    The Quasi-Optical Gyro Amplifier is a novel device for generating high-frequency, high-power coherent microwave radiation. The authors report a study on a quasi-optical gyro amplifier designed with a periodic mirror structure. A specific design is presented for an amplifier at 95 GHz with an output power level of 100 kW and an efficiency of 30%. The system consists of two sets of parallel mirrors facing each other. A free space Gaussian beam can propagate through the structure in a zigzagged path. An on axis gyrotron beam interacts with the radiation each time it crosses the Gaussian waist. With a beam of 70 kV, 5A and velocity ratio of 1.5, this nonlinear simulation shows that this device can be 16% efficient. With a tapered magnetic field, the efficiency can be increased to 40%. However, studies also show that electron velocity spread significantly reduces the gain. More seriously, bunched electrons considerably change the direction of radiation propagation. These issues need to be addressed in further studies.

  12. Optical steganography based on amplified spontaneous emission noise.

    PubMed

    Wu, Ben; Wang, Zhenxing; Tian, Yue; Fok, Mable P; Shastri, Bhavin J; Kanoff, Daniel R; Prucnal, Paul R

    2013-01-28

    We propose and experimentally demonstrate an optical steganography method in which a data signal is transmitted using amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) noise as a carrier. The ASE serving as a carrier for the private signal has an identical frequency spectrum to the existing noise generated by the Erbium doped fiber amplifiers (EDFAs) in the transmission system. The system also carries a conventional data channel that is not private. The so-called "stealth" or private channel is well-hidden within the noise of the system. Phase modulation is used for both the stealth channel and the public channel. Using homodyne detection, the short coherence length of the ASE ensures that the stealth signal can only be recovered if the receiver closely matches the delay-length difference, which is deliberately changed in a dynamic fashion that is only known to the transmitter and its intended receiver. PMID:23389187

  13. Self-amplified optical pattern-recognition technique

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Liu, Hua-Kuang

    1992-01-01

    A self-amplified optical pattern-recognition technique that utilizes a photorefractive crystal as a real-time volume holographic filter with recording accomplished by means of laser beams of proper polarization and geometric configuration is described. After the holographic filter is recorded, it can be addressed with extremely weak object beams and an even weaker reference beam to obtain a pattern-recognition signal. Because of beam-coupling energy transfer from the input object beam to the diffracted beam, the recognition signal is greatly amplified. Experimental results of this technique using BaTiO3 crystal show that 5 orders of magnitude of amplification of a recognition signal can be obtained.

  14. Bistability characteristics of different types of optical modes amplified by quantum dot vertical cavity semiconductor optical amplifiers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qasaimeh, Omar

    2016-04-01

    We have studied the characteristics of optical bistability of different types of optical modes amplified by small-size quantum dot vertical cavity semiconductor optical amplifiers operated in reflection. Our analysis reveals that TE01 mode exhibits stronger intensity-dependent non-linearity in small radius devices, which results in stronger optical phase modulation and therefore larger hysteresis width compared with the other modes. The effect of the wavelength detuning of the input signal on the shape of the hysteresis loop is studied. We find that butterfly hysteresis loop exhibits the largest hysteresis width compared with clockwise and counterclockwise loops. Our analysis reveals that doping the quantum dots with p-type doping slightly reduces the hysteresis width while doping the dots with n-type doping clearly increases the hysteresis width for any wavelength detuning. We estimate that the hysteresis width of quantum dot active layer will exhibit higher hysteresis width compared with quantum well active layer having the same threshold gain.

  15. Polarization pulling in Raman assisted fiber optical parametric amplifiers.

    PubMed

    Wang, S H; Xu, Xinchuan; Wai, P K A

    2016-04-01

    We proposed a theoretical model to investigate the polarization pulling effect in bi-directionally pumped degenerate Raman assisted fiber optical parameter amplifiers (RA-FOPAs) using randomly birefringent fibers. The contributions of chromatic dispersion, polarization mode dispersion (PMD), Raman gain, and nonlinear effects to the phase matching in RA-FOPAs are investigated. We characterize four different states of polarization pulling in RA-FOPAs. We found that broadband polarization attraction can be obtained in the optimum phase-matching state of the bi-directionally pumped RA-FOPAs when the parametric pump power is chosen to avoid deep saturation of the Raman gain. PMID:27136985

  16. All-optical mitigation of amplitude and phase-shift drift noise in semiconductor optical amplifiers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rocha, Peterson; Gallep, Cristiano M.; Conforti, Evandro

    2015-10-01

    An all-optical scheme aimed at minimizing distortions induced by semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOAs) over modulated optical carriers is presented. The scheme employs an additional SOA properly biased to act as a saturated absorber, and thus counteract the distortions induced by the first amplifying device. The scheme here is demonstrated in silico, for 40 and 100 Gb/s (10 and 25 Gbaud, 16 QAM), with reasonable total gain (>20 dB) for symbol error rate below the forward error correction limit.

  17. Locally Controlled Deeply Saturated Fiber Optic Parametric Amplifiers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nissim, Ron Reuven

    A new class of highly efficient Optical Parametric Amplifiers (OPA) is explored in this dissertation, which have the potential to reduce the power requirement on the pump and enable new functionalities. This originates from the simple notion that figure of merit (FoM) of an OPA is proportional to the product of the pump power and amplifier's length and nonlinearity. Silica fibers have been developed for over five decades and offer unparalleled transparency. By merely extending the fiber, i.e. the amplifier's length, a high FoM amplifier can be formed while keeping the pump at a moderate, sub-Watt power level. Unfortunately, optical fibers are inherently non-uniform. Their core size fluctuates along the fiber on a nanometer scale which is on the order of the fiber's molecular constituents. It is currently established that the performance of a fiber-based OPA (FOPA) is dictated by its stochastic nature. In fact, given a moderate pump power level, the highly efficient OPA will be required to maintain a strict phase matching condition across hundreds of meters. Facing this challenge, this dissertation focuses on a locally-controlled, high FoM FOPA. A high FoM FOPA operates in the deeply saturated regime in which a weak signal saturates the amplifier and depletes the pump power, effectively generating an inverse response of the pump output power to the signal input power. Given FOPAs' inhomogeneous nature, the performance limit of deeply saturated FOPAs is studied. So far, FOPAs have been commonly treated as a uniform entity; however, this study discovers unique features of the system which originate from and are strongly influenced by the fiber's inhomogeneous nature. One major example is the non-reciprocal response of deeply saturated FOPAs. It was found that deeply saturated FOPAs perform very highly, as the pump can respond to a rapidly varying (sub-THz) weak (sub-muW) signal. This is a novel method which obtained orders of magnitude improvement over current

  18. Cloaked electromagnetic, acoustic, and quantum amplifiers via transformation optics

    PubMed Central

    Greenleaf, Allan; Kurylev, Yaroslav; Lassas, Matti; Leonhardt, Ulf; Uhlmann, Gunther

    2012-01-01

    The advent of transformation optics and metamaterials has made possible devices producing extreme effects on wave propagation. Here we describe a class of invisible reservoirs and amplifiers for waves, which we refer to as Schrödinger hats. The unifying mathematical principle on which these are based admits such devices for any time harmonic waves modeled by either the Helmholtz or Schrödinger equation, e.g., polarized waves in electromagnetism, acoustical waves and matter waves in quantum mechanics. Schrödinger hats occupy one part of a parameter-space continuum of wave-manipulating structures which also contains standard transformation optics based cloaks, resonant cloaks and cloaked sensors. Possible applications include near-field quantum microscopy. PMID:22699493

  19. Optical fiber Raman amplifier and distributed fiber Raman sensors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Zaixuan; Jin, Shangzhong; Liu, Honglin; Kim, Insoo S.; Wang, Jianfeng; Wu, Xiaobiao; Guo, Ning; Liu, Tao; Yu, Xiangdong

    2003-06-01

    The backscattering spectrum of optical fiber has been measured by use 1427 nm Raman laser and Q8384 optical spectrum analyzer and Stokes and anti-Stokes ZX band backscattering spectrum has been first observed and discussed, ZX band frequency shift is 1THz, bandwidth 3THz(3dB). Optimum design of S-band negative dispersion DCF discrete fiber Raman amplifier has been researched by OPTIAMP DESIGN 3.3 SOFTWARE (made in Canada Optiwave Corporation) and gain spectrum and gain vs. power of DCF discrete fiber Raman amplifier have been measured, practical including Stokes ZX band backscattering gain effect. Pump on/off small signal gain is 13dB (pump power 700mw; fiber 5.1km) and gain band width is 88nm (1440nm-1528nm). The operation principle, configuration and performance of distributed fiber Raman temperature sensors system has been researched. Amplification of anti-Stokes spontaneity Raman scattering (ARS) effect of fiber and its temperature effect has been first observed and discussed. It has been applied to 30km distributed FRS system.

  20. Ultra-Broad-Band Optical Parametric Amplifier or Oscillator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Strekalov, Dmitry; Matsko, Andrey; Savchenkov, Anatolly; Maleki, Lute

    2009-01-01

    A concept for an ultra-broad-band optical parametric amplifier or oscillator has emerged as a by-product of a theoretical study in fundamental quantum optics. The study was originally intended to address the question of whether the two-photon temporal correlation function of light [in particular, light produced by spontaneous parametric down conversion (SPDC)] can be considerably narrower than the inverse of the spectral width (bandwidth) of the light. The answer to the question was found to be negative. More specifically, on the basis of the universal integral relations between the quantum two-photon temporal correlation and the classical spectrum of light, it was found that the lower limit of two-photon correlation time is set approximately by the inverse of the bandwidth. The mathematical solution for the minimum two-photon correlation time also provides the minimum relative frequency dispersion of the down-converted light components; in turn, the minimum relative frequency dispersion translates to the maximum bandwidth, which is important for the design of an ultra-broad-band optical parametric oscillator or amplifier. In the study, results of an analysis of the general integral relations were applied in the case of an optically nonlinear, frequency-dispersive crystal in which SPDC produces collinear photons. Equations were found for the crystal orientation and pump wavelength, specific for each parametric-down-converting crystal, that eliminate the relative frequency dispersion of collinear degenerate (equal-frequency) signal and idler components up to the fourth order in the frequency-detuning parameter

  1. A complete characterization of the heralded noiseless amplification of photons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bruno, N.; Pini, V.; Martin, A.; Thew, R. T.

    2013-09-01

    Heralded noiseless amplification of photons has recently been shown to provide a means to overcome losses in complex quantum communication tasks. In particular, to overcome transmission losses that could allow for the violation of a Bell inequality free from the detection loophole, for device independent quantum key distribution (DI-QKD). Several implementations of a heralded photon amplifier have been proposed and the first proof of principle experiments realized. Here we present the first full characterization of such a device to test its functional limits and potential for DI-QKD. This device is tested at telecom wavelengths and is shown to be capable of overcoming losses corresponding to a transmission through 20 km of single mode telecom fibre. We demonstrate heralded photon amplifier with a gain >100 and a heralding probability >83%, required by DI-QKD protocols that use the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt inequality. The heralded photon amplifier clearly represents a key technology for the realization of DI-QKD in the real world and over typical network distances.

  2. Automatic alignment of double optical paths in excimer laser amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Dahui; Zhao, Xueqing; Hua, Hengqi; Zhang, Yongsheng; Hu, Yun; Yi, Aiping; Zhao, Jun

    2013-05-01

    A kind of beam automatic alignment method used for double paths amplification in the electron pumped excimer laser system is demonstrated. In this way, the beams from the amplifiers can be transferred along the designated direction and accordingly irradiate on the target with high stabilization and accuracy. However, owing to nonexistence of natural alignment references in excimer laser amplifiers, two cross-hairs structure is used to align the beams. Here, one crosshair put into the input beam is regarded as the near-field reference while the other put into output beam is regarded as the far-field reference. The two cross-hairs are transmitted onto Charge Coupled Devices (CCD) by image-relaying structures separately. The errors between intersection points of two cross-talk images and centroid coordinates of actual beam are recorded automatically and sent to closed loop feedback control mechanism. Negative feedback keeps running until preset accuracy is reached. On the basis of above-mentioned design, the alignment optical path is built and the software is compiled, whereafter the experiment of double paths automatic alignment in electron pumped excimer laser amplifier is carried through. Meanwhile, the related influencing factors and the alignment precision are analyzed. Experimental results indicate that the alignment system can achieve the aiming direction of automatic aligning beams in short time. The analysis shows that the accuracy of alignment system is 0.63μrad and the beam maximum restoration error is 13.75μm. Furthermore, the bigger distance between the two cross-hairs, the higher precision of the system is. Therefore, the automatic alignment system has been used in angular multiplexing excimer Main Oscillation Power Amplification (MOPA) system and can satisfy the requirement of beam alignment precision on the whole.

  3. WDM optical steganography based on amplified spontaneous emission noise.

    PubMed

    Wu, Ben; Tait, Alexander N; Chang, Matthew P; Prucnal, Paul R

    2014-10-15

    We propose and experimentally demonstrate a wavelength-division multiplexed (WDM) optical stealth transmission system carried by amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) noise. The stealth signal is hidden in both time and frequency domains by using ASE noise as the signal carrier. Each WDM channel uses part of the ASE spectrum, which provides more flexibility to apply stealth transmission in a public network and adds another layer of security to the stealth channel. Multi-channel transmission also increases the overall channel capacity, which is the major limitation of the single stealth channel transmission based on ASE noise. The relations between spectral bandwidth and coherence length of ASE carrier have been theoretically analyzed and experimentally investigated. PMID:25361121

  4. Thermal effects in high average power optical parametric amplifiers.

    PubMed

    Rothhardt, Jan; Demmler, Stefan; Hädrich, Steffen; Peschel, Thomas; Limpert, Jens; Tünnermann, Andreas

    2013-03-01

    Optical parametric amplifiers (OPAs) have the reputation of being average power scalable due to the instantaneous nature of the parametric process (zero quantum defect). This Letter reveals serious challenges originating from thermal load in the nonlinear crystal caused by absorption. We investigate these thermal effects in high average power OPAs based on beta barium borate. Absorption of both pump and idler waves is identified to contribute significantly to heating of the nonlinear crystal. A temperature increase of up to 148 K with respect to the environment is observed and mechanical tensile stress up to 40 MPa is found, indicating a high risk of crystal fracture under such conditions. By restricting the idler to a wavelength range far from absorption bands and removing the crystal coating we reduce the peak temperature and the resulting temperature gradient significantly. Guidelines for further power scaling of OPAs and other nonlinear devices are given. PMID:23455291

  5. Two and Three Beam Pumped Optical Parametric Amplifier of Chirped Pulses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ališauskas, S.; Butkus, R.; Pyragaitė, V.; Smilgevičius, V.; Stabinis, A.; Piskarskas, A.

    2010-04-01

    We present two and three beam pumped optical parametric amplifier of broadband chirped pulses. The seed pulses from Ti:sapphire oscillator were stretched and amplified in a non-collinear geometry pumping with up to three beams derived from independent laser amplifiers. The signal with ˜90 nm bandwidth was amplified up to 0.72 mJ. The conversion efficiency dependence on intersection angles of pump beams is also revealed.

  6. Modeling FWM and impairments aware amplifiers placement technique for an optical MAN/WAN: Inline amplifiers case

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Gurpreet; Singh, Maninder Lal

    2015-08-01

    A new four wave mixing (FWM) model for an optical network with amplifiers and a comparative analysis among three proposed amplifiers placement techniques have been presented in this paper. The FWM model is validated with the experimental measured data. The novelty of this model is its uniqueness that on direct substitutions of network parameters like length, it works even for unequal inter amplifier separations. The novelty of the analysis done among three schemes is that it presents fair choice of amplifiers placement methods for varied total system length. The appropriateness of these three schemes has been analyzed on the basis of critical system length, critical number of amplifiers and critical bit error rate (10-9) in presence of four wave mixing (FWM) and amplified spontaneous emission noise (ASE). The implementation of analysis done has been given with the help of an example of a regenerative metropolitan area network (MAN). The results suggest that the decreasing fiber section scheme should be avoided for placements of amplifiers and schemes IUFS and EFS shows their importance interchangeably for different set of parameters.

  7. Reconfigurable Optical Signal Processing Based on a Distributed Feedback Semiconductor Optical Amplifier.

    PubMed

    Li, Ming; Deng, Ye; Tang, Jian; Sun, Shuqian; Yao, Jianping; Azaña, José; Zhu, Ninghua

    2016-01-01

    All-optical signal processing has been considered a solution to overcome the bandwidth and speed limitations imposed by conventional electronic-based systems. Over the last few years, an impressive range of all-optical signal processors have been proposed, but few of them come with reconfigurability, a feature highly needed for practical signal processing applications. Here we propose and experimentally demonstrate an analog optical signal processor based on a phase-shifted distributed feedback semiconductor optical amplifier (DFB-SOA) and an optical filter. The proposed analog optical signal processor can be reconfigured to perform signal processing functions including ordinary differential equation solving and temporal intensity differentiation. The reconfigurability is achieved by controlling the injection currents. Our demonstration provitdes a simple and effective solution for all-optical signal processing and computing. PMID:26813252

  8. Reconfigurable Optical Signal Processing Based on a Distributed Feedback Semiconductor Optical Amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Ming; Deng, Ye; Tang, Jian; Sun, Shuqian; Yao, Jianping; Azaña, José; Zhu, Ninghua

    2016-01-01

    All-optical signal processing has been considered a solution to overcome the bandwidth and speed limitations imposed by conventional electronic-based systems. Over the last few years, an impressive range of all-optical signal processors have been proposed, but few of them come with reconfigurability, a feature highly needed for practical signal processing applications. Here we propose and experimentally demonstrate an analog optical signal processor based on a phase-shifted distributed feedback semiconductor optical amplifier (DFB-SOA) and an optical filter. The proposed analog optical signal processor can be reconfigured to perform signal processing functions including ordinary differential equation solving and temporal intensity differentiation. The reconfigurability is achieved by controlling the injection currents. Our demonstration provitdes a simple and effective solution for all-optical signal processing and computing.

  9. Reconfigurable Optical Signal Processing Based on a Distributed Feedback Semiconductor Optical Amplifier

    PubMed Central

    Li, Ming; Deng, Ye; Tang, Jian; Sun, Shuqian; Yao, Jianping; Azaña, José; Zhu, Ninghua

    2016-01-01

    All-optical signal processing has been considered a solution to overcome the bandwidth and speed limitations imposed by conventional electronic-based systems. Over the last few years, an impressive range of all-optical signal processors have been proposed, but few of them come with reconfigurability, a feature highly needed for practical signal processing applications. Here we propose and experimentally demonstrate an analog optical signal processor based on a phase-shifted distributed feedback semiconductor optical amplifier (DFB-SOA) and an optical filter. The proposed analog optical signal processor can be reconfigured to perform signal processing functions including ordinary differential equation solving and temporal intensity differentiation. The reconfigurability is achieved by controlling the injection currents. Our demonstration provitdes a simple and effective solution for all-optical signal processing and computing. PMID:26813252

  10. High-power top-hat pulses from a Yb master oscillator power amplifier for efficient optical parametric amplifier pumping.

    PubMed

    Balčiūnas, T; Fan, G Y; Andriukaitis, G; Pugžlys, A; Baltuška, A

    2012-07-01

    We demonstrate shaping of high-energy broadband Yb amplifier pulses for the generation of a (sub)picosecond top-hat temporal pulse profile that significantly improves pumping efficiency of an optical parametric amplifier (OPA). Phase-only modulation is applied by an acousto-optic programmable dispersion filter. This simple scheme is scalable to a high average power due to a relatively broad bandwidth of the Yb:CaF(2) gain medium used in the amplifier that supports a sub-150-fs transform-limited pulse duration. Additionally we show that OPA seeding with supercontinuum remains possible because top-hat-shaped pulses passed through a glass block recompress to ≈200 fs with minimum satellite production. PMID:22743450

  11. Ultra-stable optical amplifier technologies for dynamic optical switching networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shiraiwa, M.; Tsang, K. S.; Man, R.; Puttnam, B. J.; Awaji, Y.; Wada, N.

    2015-01-01

    High-capacity fiber-optic communications are promising technologies to satisfy people's continuously growing demands for bandwidth hungry data services. Multi-wavelength optical circuit switching (OCS) technology is already widely deployed, however, with the limited number of transceivers equipped at each optical node and other constraints, the number of lightpaths which can be established and employed simultaneously in an optical network is restricted. This reduces the utilization efficiency of wavelength resources. Comparing to OCS, dynamic optical switching systems such as optical packet switching (OPS) offer higher efficiency in terms of wavelength resource utilization and have the potential to share more of the wavelength resources on fiber-links between larger numbers of users simultaneously. In such networks, bursty input signals or changes in traffic density may cause optical power surges that can damage optical components or impose gain transients on the signals that impair signal quality. A common approach for reducing gain transients is to employ electrical automatic gain control (AGC) or optical gain-clamping by optical feedback (OFB). AGC may be limited by the speed of the feedback circuit and result in additional transients. Meanwhile OFB can clamp the gain of power varying optical signals without transient but can introduce amplitude fluctuations caused by relaxation oscillations in the lasing cavity for large input power fluctuations. We propose and demonstrate a novel scheme for suppressing the power transients and the relaxation oscillations. This scheme can be utilized in optical amplifiers even if the optical feedback is employed.

  12. Ultrafast all-optical NOR gate based on semiconductor optical amplifier and fiber delay interferometer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Jing; Zhang, Xinliang; Liu, Deming; Huang, Dexiu

    2006-10-01

    An ultrafast all-optical logic NOR gate based on a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) and a fiber delay interferometer (FDI) is presented. For high-speed input return-to-zero (RZ) signal, nonreturn-to-zero (NRZ) switching windows which satisfy Boolean NOR operation can be formed by properly choosing the delay time and the phase shift of FDI. 40Gb/s NOR operation has been demonstrated successfully with low control optical power. The factors that degrade the NOR operation have been discussed.

  13. Some practical universal noiseless coding techniques

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rice, R. F.

    1979-01-01

    Some practical adaptive techniques for the efficient noiseless coding of a broad class of such data sources are developed and analyzed. Algorithms are designed for coding discrete memoryless sources which have a known symbol probability ordering but unknown probability values. A general applicability of these algorithms to solving practical problems is obtained because most real data sources can be simply transformed into this form by appropriate preprocessing. These algorithms have exhibited performance only slightly above all entropy values when applied to real data with stationary characteristics over the measurement span. Performance considerably under a measured average data entropy may be observed when data characteristics are changing over the measurement span.

  14. Magnetic amplifying magneto-optical systems: Physics and applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Herget, Philipp

    This thesis describes the theoretical and experimental investigation of magnetic amplifying magneto optical systems (MAMMOS) along with the conception of two applications based on MAMMOS. The work has six major accomplishments. First, a simplified model of MAMMOS was created. The model determines if bits are read by testing the nucleation condition in the readout layer. The model's output provides insight into the operation of MAMMOS and was used in the performance analysis of various MAMMOS recording schemes. Second, the expansion of domains in the readout layer was modeled. In the model, domain wall forces are calculated and used to move the wall until a stable condition is found in the system. The expansion and MAMMOS models were integrated to create a complete system model. Using this model, the size and shape of domains expanded in MAMMOS can be investigated. Third, the domain expansion speed in the MAMMOS readout layer was experimentally investigated. The read back signal was measured in a working MAMMOS system using an ultra-fast monolithic photodetector/amplifier chip. The measured expansion and collapse occurred in less than 2 and approximately 5 ns respectively, indicating the limiting factor to MAMMOS speeds may be the collapse process. Fourth, a new method of encoding and reading information in MAMMOS using the position of domains was introduced and theoretically investigated. The new domain position detection (DPD)-MAMMOS technique provides several advantages including a lower clock frequency, larger power margins, and integrated clock recovery. Using the model, DPD-MAMMOS was shown to outperform other systems for position noise levels less than 30 nm. Fifth, a new read only memory (ROM) structure that is compatible with and has the density advantages of MAMMOS was introduced and investigated. This MAMMOS-ROM is a low-cost, single-layer ROM which is similar to a compact disc (CD) in production. Sixth, a new technique was introduced for measuring

  15. Ground and Airborne Methane Measurements using Optical Parametric Amplifiers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Riris, Haris; Numata, Kenji; Li, Steve; Wu, Stewart; Kawa, Stephan R.; Abshire, James; Dawsey, Martha; Ramanathan, Anand

    2012-01-01

    We report on an initial airborne demonstration of atmospheric methane column measurements at 1.65 micrometers using a widely tunable, seeded optical parametric amplifier (OPA) lidar and a photon counting detector. Methane is an important greenhouse gas and accurate knowledge of its sources and sinks is needed for climate modeling. Our lidar system uses 20 pulses at increasing wavelengths and integrated path differential absorption (IPDA) to map a methane line at 1650.9 nanometers. The wavelengths are generated by using a Nd:YAG pump laser at 1064.5 nanometers and distributed feedback diode laser at 1650.9 nanometers and a periodically-poled lithium niobate (PPLN) crystal. The pulse width was 3 nanoseconds and the pulse repetition rate was 6.28 KHz. The outgoing energy was approximately 13 microJoules/pulse. A commercial 20 nanometer diameter fiber-coupled telescope with a photon counting detector operated in analog mode with a 0.8 nanometer bandpass filter was used as the lidar receiver. The lidar system was integrated on NASA's DC-8 flying laboratory, based at Dryden Airborne operations Facility (DAOF) in Palmdale CA. Three flights were performed in the central valley of California. Each flight lasted about 2.5 hours and it consisted of several flight segments at constant altitudes at approximately 3, 4.5, 6, 7.6, 9.1, 10.6 km (l0, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35 kft). An in-situ cavity ring down spectrometer made by Picarro Inc. was flown along with the lidar instrument provided us with the "truth" i.e. the local CH4, CO2 and H2O concentrations at the constant flight altitude segments. Using the aircraft's altitude, GPS, and meteorological data we calculated the theoretical differential optical depth of the methane absorption at increasing altitudes. Our results showed good agreement between the experimentally derived optical depth measurements from the lidar instrument and theoretical calculations as the flight altitude was increased from 3 to 10.6 kilometers, assuming a

  16. Direct fluorescence characterisation of a picosecond seeded optical parametric amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stuart, N. H.; Bigourd, D.; Hill, R. W.; Robinson, T. S.; Mecseki, K.; Patankar, S.; New, G. H. C.; Smith, R. A.

    2015-02-01

    The temporal intensity contrast of high-power lasers based on optical parametric amplification (OPA) can be limited by parametric fluorescence from the non-linear gain stages. Here we present a spectroscopic method for direct measurement of unwanted parametric fluorescence widely applicable from unseeded to fully seeded and saturated OPA operation. Our technique employs simultaneous spectroscopy of fluorescence photons slightly outside the seed bandwidth and strongly attenuated light at the seed central wavelength. To demonstrate its applicability we have characterised the performance of a two-stage picosecond OPA pre-amplifier with 2.8×105 gain, delivering 335 μJ pulses at 1054 nm. We show that fluorescence from a strongly seeded OPA is reduced by ~500× from the undepleted to full pump depletion regimes. We also determine the vacuum fluctuation driven noise term seeding this OPA fluorescence to be 0.7±0.4 photons ps-1 nm-1 bandwidth. The resulting shot-to-shot statistics highlights a 1.5% probability of a five-fold and 0.3% probability of a ten-fold increase of fluorescence above the average value. Finally, we show that OPA fluorescence can be limited to a few-ps pedestal with 3×10-9 temporal intensity contrast 1.3 ps ahead of an intense laser pulse, a level highly attractive for large scale chirped-pulse OPA laser systems.

  17. Liquid crystals as optical amplifiers for bacterial detection.

    PubMed

    Zafiu, C; Hussain, Z; Küpcü, S; Masutani, A; Kilickiran, P; Sinner, E-K

    2016-06-15

    Interactions of bacteria with target molecules (e.g. antibiotics) or other microorganisms are of growing interest. The first barrier for targeting gram-negative bacteria is layer of a Lipopolysaccharides (LPS). Liquid crystal (LC) based sensors covered with LPS monolayers, as presented in this study, offer a simple model to study and make use of this type of interface for detection and screening. This work describes in detail the production and application of such sensors based on three different LPS that have been investigated regarding their potential to serve as sensing layer to detect bacteria. The LPS O127:B8 in combination with a LC based sensor was identified to be most useful as biomimetic sensing surface. This LPS/LC combination interacts with three different bacteria species, one gram-positive and two gram-negative species, allowing the detection of bacterial presence regardless from their viability. It could be shown that even very low bacterial cell numbers (minimum 500 cell ml(-1)) could be detected within minutes (maximum 15 min). The readout mechanism is the adsorption of bacterial entities on surface bond LPS molecules with the LC serving as an optical amplifier. PMID:26827146

  18. Infrared Optical Parametric Chirped Pulse Amplifier for High Harmonic Generation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fuji, T.; Ishii, N.; Metzger, Th.; Teisset, C. Y.; Turi, L.; Baltuška, A.; Forget, N.; Kaplan, D.; Galvanauskas, A.; Krausz, F.

    Rapid advances in high-field physics achieved in recent years, most notably generation of isolated soft X-ray attosecond pulses, owe their success to the development of driver lasers with specific pulse properties. The latter include ultrahigh peak intensity, quasi-monocycle duration, and reliable control over the carrier-envelope phase (CEP) [1],[2]. Although the driver lasers currently employed in this research field operate nearly exclusively in the wavelength region of the Ti:sapphire gain (i.e. around 0.8 µm), a switching over to a longer, infrared (IR) wavelength would offer significant advantages. Because of the λ 2 scaling of the ponderomotive energy, the intensity of IR pulses needed to attain emission at a given X-ray photon energy could be substantially lowered in comparison with the 0.8-µm case [3]-[5]. This is expected to be extraordinarily helpful for up-scaling the X-ray frequency, decreasing the duration of X-ray attosecond pulses by at least a factor of λ 3/2, and suppressing undesired target preionization before the interaction with the strongest half-cycle of the laser pulse. From the standpoint of laser technology, the longer duration of the IR optical period reduces the number of cycles for a given pulse envelope and, therefore, relaxes the demand to the amplifier gain bandwidth, which in the case of 5-fs 0.8-µm pulses typically reaches the extreme > 100 THz.

  19. On the Theory of the Modulation Instability in Optical Fiber and Laser Amplifiers

    SciTech Connect

    Rubenchik, A M; Turitsyn, S K; Fedoruk, M P

    2010-11-03

    The modulation instability (MI) in optical fiber amplifiers and lasers with anomalous dispersion leads to CW beam breakup and the growth of multiple pulses. This can be both a detrimental effect, limiting the performance of amplifiers, and also an underlying physical mechanism in the operation of MI-based devices. Here we revisit the analytical theory of MI in fiber optical amplifiers. The results of the exact theory are compared with the previously used adiabatic approximation model, and the range of applicability of the latter is determined. The same technique is applicable to the study of spatial MI in solid state laser amplifiers and MI in non-uniform media.

  20. High speed all-optical encryption and decryption using quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifiers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Wenbo; Hu, Hongyu; Dutta, Niloy K.

    2013-11-01

    A scheme to realize high speed all-optical encryption and decryption using key-stream generators and an XOR gate based on quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifiers (QD-SOAs) was studied. The key used for encryption and decryption is a high speed all-optical pseudorandom bit sequence (PRBS) which is generated by a linear feedback shift register (LFSR) composed of QD-SOA-based logic XOR and AND gates. Two other kinds of more secure key-stream generators, i.e. cascaded design and parallel design, were also designed and investigated. Nonlinear dynamics including carrier heating and spectral hole-burning in the QD-SOA are taken into account together with the rate equations in order to realize all-optical logic operations. Results show that this scheme can realize all-optical encryption and decryption by using key-stream generators at high speed (~250 Gb/s).

  1. Simulation and measurement of optical access network with different types of optical-fiber amplifiers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Latal, Jan; Vogl, Jan; Koudelka, Petr; Vitasek, Jan; Siska, Petr; Liner, Andrej; Papes, Martin; Vasinek, Vladimir

    2012-01-01

    The optical access networks are nowadays swiftly developing in the telecommunications field. These networks can provide higher data transfer rates, and have great potential to the future in terms of transmission possibilities. Many local internet providers responded to these facts and began gradually installing optical access networks into their originally built networks, mostly based on wireless communication. This allowed enlargement of possibilities for end-users in terms of high data rates and also new services such as Triple play, IPTV (Internet Protocol television) etc. However, with this expansion and building-up is also related the potential of reach in case of these networks. Big cities, such as Prague, Brno, Ostrava or Olomouc cannot be simply covered, because of their sizes and also because of their internal regulations given by various organizations in each city. Standard logical and also physical reach of EPON (IEEE 802.3ah - Ethernet Passive Optical Network) optical access network is about 20 km. However, for networks based on Wavelength Division Multiplex the reach can be up to 80 km, if the optical-fiber amplifier is inserted into the network. This article deals with simulation of different types of amplifiers for WDM-PON (Wavelength Division Multiplexing-Passive Optical Network) network in software application Optiwave OptiSystem and than are the values from the application and from real measurement compared.

  2. Application of semiconductor optical amplifier for mobile radio communications networks based on radio-over-fiber systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Andreev, Vladimir A.; Burdin, Vladimir A.; Volkov, Kirill A.; Dashkov, Michael V.; Bukashkin, Sergei A.; Buzov, Alexander L.; Procopiev, Vladimir I.; Zharkov, Alexander D.

    2016-03-01

    The analysis of semiconductor optical amplifier applications in Radio-over-Fiber systems of telecommunication networks is given. In such systems semiconductor optical amplifier can be used for either amplification, modulation or detection, and also as an universal device.

  3. Amplification of ultra-short optical pulses in a two-pump fiber optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier.

    PubMed

    Mussot, Arnaud; Kudlinski, Alexandre; d'Augères, Patrick Beaure; Hugonnot, Emmanuel

    2013-05-20

    We demonstrate with realistic numerical simulations that fiber optical parametric chirped pulse amplification is able to amplify ultra-short optical pulses. Such amplifiers driven by two-pump waves can amplify pulse bandwidth twice as large as the one of a single pump configuration. We show that pulses as short as 50 fs can be directly amplified. In addition, we take benefit from the saturation regime to achieve spectral broadening which makes possible to reduce pulse duration down to 15 fs. PMID:23736440

  4. Phonon-assisted nonlinear optical processes in ultrashort-pulse pumped optical parametric amplifiers.

    PubMed

    Isaienko, Oleksandr; Robel, István

    2016-01-01

    Optically active phonon modes in ferroelectrics such as potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) and potassium titanyl arsenate (KTA) in the ~7-20 THz range play an important role in applications of these materials in Raman lasing and terahertz wave generation. Previous studies with picosecond pulse excitation demonstrated that the interaction of pump pulses with phonons can lead to efficient stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) accompanying optical parametric oscillation or amplification processes (OPO/OPA), and to efficient polariton-phonon scattering. In this work, we investigate the behavior of infrared OPAs employing KTP or KTA crystals when pumped with ~800-nm ultrashort pulses of duration comparable to the oscillation period of the optical phonons. We demonstrate that under conditions of coherent impulsive Raman excitation of the phonons, when the effective χ((2)) nonlinearity cannot be considered instantaneous, the parametrically amplified waves (most notably, signal) undergo significant spectral modulations leading to an overall redshift of the OPA output. The pump intensity dependence of the redshifted OPA output, the temporal evolution of the parametric gain, as well as the pump spectral modulations suggest the presence of coupling between the nonlinear optical polarizations P(NL) of the impulsively excited phonons and those of parametrically amplified waves. PMID:26975881

  5. Phonon-assisted nonlinear optical processes in ultrashort-pulse pumped optical parametric amplifiers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Isaienko, Oleksandr; Robel, István

    2016-03-01

    Optically active phonon modes in ferroelectrics such as potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) and potassium titanyl arsenate (KTA) in the ~7–20 THz range play an important role in applications of these materials in Raman lasing and terahertz wave generation. Previous studies with picosecond pulse excitation demonstrated that the interaction of pump pulses with phonons can lead to efficient stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) accompanying optical parametric oscillation or amplification processes (OPO/OPA), and to efficient polariton-phonon scattering. In this work, we investigate the behavior of infrared OPAs employing KTP or KTA crystals when pumped with ~800-nm ultrashort pulses of duration comparable to the oscillation period of the optical phonons. We demonstrate that under conditions of coherent impulsive Raman excitation of the phonons, when the effective χ(2) nonlinearity cannot be considered instantaneous, the parametrically amplified waves (most notably, signal) undergo significant spectral modulations leading to an overall redshift of the OPA output. The pump intensity dependence of the redshifted OPA output, the temporal evolution of the parametric gain, as well as the pump spectral modulations suggest the presence of coupling between the nonlinear optical polarizations PNL of the impulsively excited phonons and those of parametrically amplified waves.

  6. Phonon-assisted nonlinear optical processes in ultrashort-pulse pumped optical parametric amplifiers

    PubMed Central

    Isaienko, Oleksandr; Robel, István

    2016-01-01

    Optically active phonon modes in ferroelectrics such as potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) and potassium titanyl arsenate (KTA) in the ~7–20 THz range play an important role in applications of these materials in Raman lasing and terahertz wave generation. Previous studies with picosecond pulse excitation demonstrated that the interaction of pump pulses with phonons can lead to efficient stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) accompanying optical parametric oscillation or amplification processes (OPO/OPA), and to efficient polariton-phonon scattering. In this work, we investigate the behavior of infrared OPAs employing KTP or KTA crystals when pumped with ~800-nm ultrashort pulses of duration comparable to the oscillation period of the optical phonons. We demonstrate that under conditions of coherent impulsive Raman excitation of the phonons, when the effective χ(2) nonlinearity cannot be considered instantaneous, the parametrically amplified waves (most notably, signal) undergo significant spectral modulations leading to an overall redshift of the OPA output. The pump intensity dependence of the redshifted OPA output, the temporal evolution of the parametric gain, as well as the pump spectral modulations suggest the presence of coupling between the nonlinear optical polarizations PNL of the impulsively excited phonons and those of parametrically amplified waves. PMID:26975881

  7. Phonon-assisted nonlinear optical processes in ultrashort-pulse pumped optical parametric amplifiers

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Isaienko, Oleksandr; Robel, Istvan

    2016-03-15

    Optically active phonon modes in ferroelectrics such as potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) and potassium titanyl arsenate (KTA) in the ~7–20 THz range play an important role in applications of these materials in Raman lasing and terahertz wave generation. Previous studies with picosecond pulse excitation demonstrated that the interaction of pump pulses with phonons can lead to efficient stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) accompanying optical parametric oscillation or amplification processes (OPO/OPA), and to efficient polariton-phonon scattering. In this work, we investigate the behavior of infrared OPAs employing KTP or KTA crystals when pumped with ~800-nm ultrashort pulses of duration comparable to themore » oscillation period of the optical phonons. We demonstrate that under conditions of coherent impulsive Raman excitation of the phonons, when the effective χ(2) nonlinearity cannot be considered instantaneous, the parametrically amplified waves (most notably, signal) undergo significant spectral modulations leading to an overall redshift of the OPA output. Furthermore, the pump intensity dependence of the redshifted OPA output, the temporal evolution of the parametric gain, as well as the pump spectral modulations suggest the presence of coupling between the nonlinear optical polarizations PNL of the impulsively excited phonons and those of parametrically amplified waves.« less

  8. Size limitations and gain optimization in semiconductor-optical-amplifier-based optical space switches

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Jun; Huang, Dexiu; Liu, Deming

    2002-08-01

    The cascadability of Semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) gates and the size limitations for several kinds of switch architectures based on SOA's are studied theoretically. The analysis shows that the sizes of matrix-vector switches are severely limited owing to the splitting losses, waveguide losses and coupling losses. However for distributed gain matrix-vector switch and Benes switch, the accumulation of amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) noise and non-ideal extinction ratio also greatly influence the maximal sizes of switches. The calculation results also reveal that the gain optimum strategy for switches based on SOA's, which derived from steady state analysis, will not be optimum when non-ideal extinction ratio and dynamical gain saturation is considered

  9. 5 Hz, >250 mJ Optical Parametric Chirped-Pulse Amplifier at 1053 nm

    SciTech Connect

    Bagnoud, V.; Begishev, I.A.; Guardalben, M.J.; Puth, J.; Zuegel, J.D.

    2005-07-15

    A 250 mJ, 5 Hz repetition rate optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier with near-Fourier-transform-limited, 430 fs pulses and a beam that can be focused to near the diffraction limit is demonstrated.

  10. Multisection optical parametric-Raman hybrid amplifier for terabit+ WDM systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaur, Gaganpreet; Kaur, Gurmeet; Sharma, Sanjay

    2016-05-01

    We demonstrate flat-gain wide bandwidth Raman-Fiber optical parametric hybrid amplifier for wavelength division multiplexed systems (WDM). Raman-parametric amplifiers exploit system non-linearities which are otherwise inevitable in evolving WDM systems. Investigations show that the pumps of parametric amplifier and Raman amplifier can be carefully selected at wavelengths, to give gain over complementary bandwidth regions, resulting in wide bandwidth with low gain ripple. Results show a flat gain of 24.3 dB for 12 × 100 Gbps WDM system with lowest ripple of less than 2.78 dB reported over 220 nm bandwidth for Raman-FOPA hybrid.

  11. Power scaling of supercontinuum seeded megahertz-repetition rate optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers.

    PubMed

    Riedel, R; Stephanides, A; Prandolini, M J; Gronloh, B; Jungbluth, B; Mans, T; Tavella, F

    2014-03-15

    Optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifiers with high average power are possible with novel high-power Yb:YAG amplifiers with kW-level output powers. We demonstrate a compact wavelength-tunable sub-30-fs amplifier with 11.4 W average power with 20.7% pump-to-signal conversion efficiency. For parametric amplification, a beta-barium borate crystal is pumped by a 140 W, 1 ps Yb:YAG InnoSlab amplifier at 3.25 MHz repetition rate. The broadband seed is generated via supercontinuum generation in a YAG crystal. PMID:24690803

  12. Enhancement of optical coherence microscopy in turbid media by an optical parametric amplifier.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Youbo; Tu, Haohua; Liu, Yuan; Bower, Andrew J; Boppart, Stephen A

    2015-06-01

    We report the enhancement in imaging performance of a spectral-domain optical coherence microscope (OCM) in turbid media by incorporating an optical parametric amplifier (OPA). The OPA provides a high level of optical gain to the sample arm, thereby improving the signal-to-noise ratio of the OCM by a factor of up to 15 dB. A unique nonlinear confocal gate is automatically formed in the OPA, which enables selective amplification of singly scattered (ballistic) photons against the multiply-scattered light background. Simultaneous enhancement in both imaging depth and spatial resolution in imaging microstructures in highly light-scattering media are demonstrated with the combined OPA-OCM setup. Typical OCM inteferograms (left) and images (right) without and with OPA. PMID:25196251

  13. Performance of megahertz amplified optical time-stretch optical coherence tomography (AOT-OCT).

    PubMed

    Xu, Jingjiang; Wei, Xiaoming; Yu, Luoqin; Zhang, Chi; Xu, Jianbing; Wong, K K Y; Tsia, Kevin K

    2014-09-22

    Enabled by the ultrahigh-speed all-optical wavelength-swept mechanism and broadband optical amplification, amplified optical time-stretch optical coherence tomography (AOT-OCT) has recently been demonstrated as a practical alternative to achieve ultrafast A-scan rate of multi-MHz in OCT. With the aim of identifying the optimal scenarios for MHz operation in AOT-OCT, we here present a theoretical framework to evaluate its performance metric. In particular, the analysis discusses the unique features of AOT-OCT, such as its superior coherence length, and the relationship between the optical gain and the A-scan rate. More importantly, we evaluate the sensitivity of AOT-OCT in the MHz regime under the influence of the amplifier noise. Notably, the model shows that AOT-OCT is particularly promising when operated at the A-scan rate well beyond multi-MHz--not trivially achievable by any existing swept-source OCT platform. A sensitivity beyond 90 dB, close to the shot-noise limit, can be maintained in the range of 2 - 10 MHz with an optical net gain of ~10 dB. Experimental measurement also shows excellent agreement with the theoretical prediction. While distributed fiber Raman amplification is mainly considered in this paper, the theoretical model is generally applicable to any type of amplification schemes. As a result, our analysis serves as a useful tool for further optimization of AOT-OCT system--as a practical alternative to enable MHz OCT operation. PMID:25321720

  14. On the Theory of the Modulation Instability in Optical Fibre Amplifiers

    SciTech Connect

    Turitsyn, S K; Rubenchik, A M; Fedoruk, M P

    2010-05-10

    The modulation instability (MI) in optical fiber amplifiers and lasers with anomalous dispersion leads to CW radiation break-up and growth of multiple pulses. This can be both a detrimental effect limiting the performance of amplifiers, and also an underlying physical mechanism in the operation of MI-based devices. Here we revisit the analytical theory of MI in fiber optical amplifiers. The results of the exact theory are compared with the previously used adiabatic approximation model and the range of applicability of the later is determined.

  15. Multipass diode-pumped solid-state optical amplifier

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Plaessmann, Henry; Re, Sean A.; Alonis, Joseph J.; Vecht, David L.; Grossman, William M.

    1993-01-01

    A new diode-pumped solid-state multipass amplifier produced 38-dB small-signal gain at 1.047 micron in Nd:YLF with 1.6-W pump power and 37 percent extraction efficiency near saturation. The amplifier had a 1:1 confocally reimaging multipass design that generated both high gain and high efficiency. The same amplifier design with 13 W of pump power was tested with Nd:YAG at 1.064 micron, which gave 38-dB small-signal gain and 3.2 W of output power, and with Nd:YVO4, also at 1.064 micron, which gave greater than 50-dB small-signal gain and 4.3 W of output power.

  16. Large optical power margin of signal light in OFDR-OCT by using semiconductor optical amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Asaka, Kota

    2008-02-01

    We demonstrate a sensitivity improvement in an optical frequency domain reflectometry-optical coherence tomography (OFDR-OCT) system with a discretely swept light source by incorporating a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) in a sample arm. With the system, we achieve a high sensitivity of -134.4 dB when we measure the reflective mirror with an A-line rate of 0.25 kHz. This improves the sensitivity (-125.2 dB) by 9.2 dB compared with a system without the SOA. The OCT system without the SOA shows a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of 56 dB when the signal light power is attenuated by about 66 dB, and the SNRs of less than 56 dB are obtained at higher attenuation levels. However, an SOA-incorporated OCT system provides the SNR of 56 dB at the much higher attenuation level of 86 dB. This means that using the SOA offers the large signal light power margin of 20 dB needed to obtain SNR of 56 dB. It is shown that the power margin is qualitatively dependent on the optical gain of the SOA. From an experimental analysis of the noises in the SOA-incorporated system, we found that the sensitivity enhancement is mainly limited by the beat noise between the reference light and the amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) of the SOA. We obtained images that show clear cluster structures of enamel crystals near the dentin-enamel junction of an extracted human tooth with our SOA-incorporated discretely swept OFDR-OCT imaging, revealing the potential to achieve a high-speed OCT system with high sensitivity.

  17. All-optical NRZ-to-RZ data format conversion with optically injected laser diode or semiconductor optical amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Gong-Ru; Chang, Yung-Cheng; Yu, Kun-Chieh

    2006-09-01

    By injecting the optical NRZ data into a Fabry-Perot laser diode (FPLD) synchronously modulated at below threshold condition or a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) gain-depleted with a backward injected clock stream, the all-optical non-return to zero (NRZ) to return-to-zero (RZ) format conversion of a STM-64 date-stream for synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) or an OC-192 data stream for synchronous optical network (SONET) in high-speed fiber-optic communication link can be performed. Without the assistance of any complicated RF electronic circuitry, the output RZ data-stream at bit rate of up to 10 Gbit/s is successfully transformed in the optically NRZ injection-locked FPLD, in which the incoming NRZ data induces gain-switching of the FPLD without DC driving current or at below threshold condition. A power penalty of 1.2 dB is measured after NRZ-to-RZ transformation in the FPLD. Alternatively, the all-optical 10Gbits/s NRZ-to-RZ format conversion can also be demonstrated in a semiconductor optical amplifier under a backward dark-optical-comb injection with its duty-cycle 70%, which is obtained by reshaping from the received data clock at 10 GHz. The incoming optical NRZ data-stream is transformed into a pulsed RZ data-stream with its duty-cycle, rms timing jitter, and conversion gain of 15%, 4ps, and 3dB, respectively. In contrast to the FPLD, the SOA based NRZ-to-RZ converter exhibits an enhanced extinction ratio from 7 to 13 dB, and BER of 10 -13 at -18.5 dBm. In particular, the power penalty of the received RZ data-stream has greatly improved by 5 dB as compared to that obtained from FPLD.

  18. Gated frequency-resolved optical imaging with an optical parametric amplifier for medical applications

    SciTech Connect

    Cameron, S.M.; Bliss, D.E.

    1997-02-01

    Implementation of optical imagery in a diffuse inhomogeneous medium such as biological tissue requires an understanding of photon migration and multiple scattering processes which act to randomize pathlength and degrade image quality. The nature of transmitted light from soft tissue ranges from the quasi-coherent properties of the minimally scattered component to the random incoherent light of the diffuse component. Recent experimental approaches have emphasized dynamic path-sensitive imaging measurements with either ultrashort laser pulses (ballistic photons) or amplitude modulated laser light launched into tissue (photon density waves) to increase image resolution and transmissive penetration depth. Ballistic imaging seeks to compensate for these {open_quotes}fog-like{close_quotes} effects by temporally isolating the weak early-arriving image-bearing component from the diffusely scattered background using a subpicosecond optical gate superimposed on the transmitted photon time-of-flight distribution. The authors have developed a broadly wavelength tunable (470 nm -2.4 {mu}m), ultrashort amplifying optical gate for transillumination spectral imaging based on optical parametric amplification in a nonlinear crystal. The time-gated image amplification process exhibits low noise and high sensitivity, with gains greater than 104 achievable for low light levels. We report preliminary benchmark experiments in which this system was used to reconstruct, spectrally upcovert, and enhance near-infrared two-dimensional images with feature sizes of 65 {mu}m/mm{sup 2} in background optical attenuations exceeding 10{sup 12}. Phase images of test objects exhibiting both absorptive contrast and diffuse scatter were acquired using a self-referencing Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor in combination with short-pulse quasi-ballistic gating. The sensor employed a lenslet array based on binary optics technology and was sensitive to optical path distortions approaching {lambda}/100.

  19. Cascaded transformerless DC-DC voltage amplifier with optically isolated switching devices

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sridharan, Govind (Inventor)

    1993-01-01

    A very high voltage amplifier is provided in which plural cascaded banks of capacitors are switched by optically isolated control switches so as to be charged in parallel from the preceding stage or capacitor bank and to discharge in series to the succeeding stage or capacitor bank in alternating control cycles. The optically isolated control switches are controlled by a logic controller whose power supply is virtually immune to interference from the very high voltage output of the amplifier by the optical isolation provided by the switches, so that a very high voltage amplification ratio may be attained using many capacitor banks in cascade.

  20. Novel Optical Parametric Amplifier at 1572 nm Wavelength Using KTP Crystal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Huan-Huan; Li, Shi-Guang; Ma, Xiu-Hua; Wang, Jun-Tao; Zhu, Xiao-Lei

    2012-11-01

    A novel master oscillator/power amplifier architecture for optical parametric conversion of high pulse energy from 1.064 μm to 1.572 μm in KTiOPO4 crystal is presented. A high gain of more than 80 at 1.572 μm pumped by a high energy Q-switched pulse laser is realized. With a seeding signal energy of 1 mJ, and 400 mJ pump pulse at 100 Hz, an amplified signal pulse energy of over 80 mJ is obtained. The total optical-optical conversion efficiency reaches 21%.

  1. Temporal-contrast measurements of a white-light-seeded noncollinear optical parametric amplifier

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Bromage, J.; Dorrer, C.; Zuegel, J. D.

    2015-09-01

    Ultra-intense optical parametric chirped-pulse systems require front ends with broad bandwidth and high temporal contrast. Temporal cross-correlation measurements of a white-light–seeded noncollinear optical parametric amplifier (NOPA) show that its prepulse contrast exceeds the 120 dB dynamic range of the broadband NOPA-based cross-correlator.

  2. In-situ optical breakdown: studies for a large CO/sub 2/ laser amplifier

    SciTech Connect

    Elliott, C.J.; Bjurstrom, R.G.; Carpenter, J.P.; Coffelt, E.L.; Hayden, J.J.; Hebron, D.E.; McLeod, J.; Romero, V.

    1981-01-01

    We study optical breakdown from target reflected optical pulses in the Gemini laser system. We measure the retropulse fluence (or illuminance) leaving the amplifier in terms of the energy entering the breakdown region and find qualitative agreement but no quantitative agreement with theory. Particulates were observed on nucleopore filters through which gas samples were drawn.

  3. In Situ Optical Breakdown-Studies For A Large CO2 Laser Amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Elliott, C. J.; Bjurstrom, R. G.; Carpenter, J. P.; Coffelt, E. L.; Hayden, J. J.; Hebron, D. E.; McLeod, J.; Romero, V.

    1981-12-01

    We study optical breakdown from target reflected optical pulses in the Gemini laser system. We measure the retropulse fluence (or illuminance) leaving the amplifier in terms of the energy entering the breakdown region and find qualitative agreement but no quantitative agreement with theory. Particulates were observed on nucleopore filters through which gas samples were drawn.

  4. In-situ optical breakdown: Studies for a large CO2 laser amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Elliott, C. J.; Bjurstrom, R. G.; Carpenter, J. P.; Coffelt, E. L.; Hayden, J. J.; Hebron, D. E.; McLeod, J.; Romero, V.

    Optical breakdown from target reflected optical pulses in the Gemini laser system was studied. The retropulse fluence (or illuminance) leaving the amplifier was measured in terms of the energy entering the breakdown region and qualitative agreement but no quantitative agreement with theory was found. Particulates were observed on nucleopore filters through which gas samples were drawn.

  5. Web-controlled optical amplifier for educational purpose

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Capmas, Frederic; Boffety, Matthieu; Calixte, Laurent; Druart, Guillaume; Avignon, Thierry; Dubreuil, Nicolas; Bondiou, Marc

    2005-10-01

    We describe an experiment that allows distant users to perform a labwork using Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifier (EDFA) in order to understand the basics physics and engineering involved. The EDFA and the measurement instrumentation are specially designed so as to allow for remote control through the web. The purpose of the project can then be distant learning for students from developing countries which cannot afford this kind of high-cost equipment.

  6. Experimental and theoretical investigation of semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA)-based all-optical wavelength converters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dailey, James M.

    Use of fiber-optical networks has increased along with the growing demand for higher data throughputs. As data bandwidths increase, physical switching technologies must also scale accordingly. Optical-electrical-optical (OEO) switching technologies are widely utilized, where incoming optical signals are converted into and processed as electrical signals before conversion back into the optical domain. However, issues such as speed, cost, and power consumption have driven interest in the development of all-optical techniques, where data remains in the optical domain while being processed. Semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOAs) have shown great promise for realizing all-optical technologies. Our work begins with the experimental characterization of SOAs, and we discuss the use of a time-resolved spectroscopy technique. We present a detailed analysis clarifying measurement requirements, though we conclude that this simple technique provides insufficient resolution for characterizing high-speed optical systems. We discuss the measurement theory for spectrograms, which provide high signal-to-noise ratios, excellent temporal resolution, and are sensitive to phase dynamics. We apply the spectrogram measurement to the characterization of an SOA. We develop a system of rate equations for modeling SOA dynamics, beginning with a detailed density matrix analysis providing expressions for gain and chirp without invoking the linewidth-enhancement factor. In accordance with the measurement results, we include a carrier temperature rate calculation in order to capture ultrafast dynamics. The traveling wave partial differential equations are solved so that both forward and reverse propagating signals are accurately modeled, and the results show good agreement with the spectrogram measurement. We identify the free-carrier plasma and the asymmetrical broadening terms in the real and imaginary parts of the refractive index as driving factors in the relatively larger ultrafast response

  7. Monolithically integrated quantum dot optical modulator with semiconductor optical amplifier for thousand and original band optical communication

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamamoto, Naokatsu; Akahane, Kouichi; Umezawa, Toshimasa; Matsumoto, Atsushi; Kawanishi, Tetsuya

    2016-04-01

    A monolithically integrated quantum dot (QD) optical gain modulator (OGM) with a QD semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) was successfully developed with T-band (1.0 µm waveband) and O-band (1.3 µm waveband) QD optical gain materials for Gbps-order, high-speed optical data generation. The insertion loss due to coupling between the device and the optical fiber was effectively compensated for by the SOA section. It was also confirmed that the monolithic QD-OGM/SOA device enabled >4.8 Gbps optical data generation with a clear eye opening in the T-band. Furthermore, we successfully demonstrated error-free 4.8 Gbps optical data transmissions in each of the six wavelength channels over a 10-km-long photonic crystal fiber using the monolithic QD-OGM/SOA device in multiple O-band wavelength channels, which were generated by the single QD gain chip. These results suggest that the monolithic QD-OGM/SOA device will be advantageous in ultra-broadband optical frequency systems that utilize the T+O-band for short- and medium-range optical communications.

  8. All-optical pulse data generation in a semiconductor optical amplifier gain controlled by a reshaped optical clock injection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Gong-Ru; Chang, Yung-Cheng; Yu, Kun-Chieh

    2006-05-01

    Wavelength-maintained all-optical pulse data pattern transformation based on a modified cross-gain-modulation architecture in a strongly gain-depleted semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) is investigated. Under a backward dark-optical-comb injection with 70% duty-cycle reshaping from the received data clock at 10GHz, the incoming optical data stream is transformed into a pulse data stream with duty cycle, rms timing jitter, and conversion gain of 15%, 4ps, and 3dB, respectively. The high-pass filtering effect of the gain-saturated SOA greatly improves the extinction ratio of data stream by 8dB and reduces its bit error rate to 10-12 at -18dBm.

  9. An Adjustable Gain-Clamped Semiconductor Optical Amplifier (AGC-SOA)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Michie, C.; Kelly, A. E.; Armstrong, I.; Andonovic, I.; Tombling, C.

    2007-06-01

    The operation of a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA)-ring laser-based subsystem, with the capability to provide adjustable gain-clamped operation, will be described, and preliminary characterization results will be presented. The device uses two SOAs in a ring-cavity topology: one to amplify the signal and the other to control the gain. This type of subsystem finds applications in packet-based dynamic systems where it may be used for power equalization and linear amplification.

  10. Effective amplifier noise for an optical receiver based on linear mode avalanche photodiodes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chen, C.-C.

    1989-01-01

    The rms noise charge induced by the amplifier for an optical receiver based on the linear-mode avalanche photodiode (APD) was analyzed. It is shown that for an amplifier with a 1-pF capacitor and a noise temperature of 100 K, the rms noise charge due to the amplifier is about 300. Since the noise charge must be small compared to the signal gain, APD gains on the order of 1000 will be required to operate the receiver in the linear mode.

  11. Thulium-doped fiber amplifier for optical communications at 2 µm.

    PubMed

    Li, Z; Heidt, A M; Daniel, J M O; Jung, Y; Alam, S U; Richardson, D J

    2013-04-22

    We report the first experimental realization and detailed characterization of thulium doped fiber amplifiers (TDFAs) specifically designed for optical communications providing high gain (>35 dB), noise figure as low as 5 dB, and over 100 nm wide bandwidth around 2 µm. A maximum saturated output power of 1.2 W was achieved with a slope efficiency of 50%. The gain dynamics of the amplifier were also examined. Our results show that TDFAs are well qualified as high performance amplifiers for possible future telecommunication networks operating around 2 µm. PMID:23609639

  12. An analytical study on bistability of Fabry Perot semiconductor optical amplifiers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Gang; Chen, Shuqiang; Yang, Huajun

    2016-06-01

    Optical bistabilities have been considered to be useful for sensor applications. As a typical nonlinear device, Fabry-Perot semiconductor optical amplifiers (FPSOAs) exhibit bistability under certain conditions. In this paper, the bistable characteristics in FPSOAs are investigated theoretically. Based on Adams's relationship between the incident optical intensity I in and the z-independent average intracavity intensity I av, an analytical expression of the bistable loop width in SOAs is derived. Numerical simulations confirm the accuracy of the analytical result.

  13. Fully tunable 360° microwave photonic phase shifter based on a single semiconductor optical amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sancho, Juan; Lloret, Juan; Gasulla, Ivana; Sales, Salvador; Capmany, José

    2011-08-01

    A fully tunable microwave photonic phase shifter involving a single semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) is proposed and demonstrated. 360° microwave phase shift has been achieved by tuning the carrier wavelength and the optical input power injected in an SOA while properly profiting from the dispersion feature of a conveniently designed notch filter. It is shown that the optical filter can be advantageously employed to switch between positive and negative microwave phase shifts. Numerical calculations corroborate the experimental results showing an excellent agreement.

  14. Flexible quadrature amplitude modulation with semiconductor optical amplifier and electroabsorption modulator.

    PubMed

    Schrenk, Bernhard; Dris, Stefanos; Bakopoulos, Paraskevas; Lazarou, Ioannis; Voigt, Karsten; Zimmermann, Lars; Avramopoulos, Hercules

    2012-08-01

    Optical quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) is experimentally demonstrated with a low-complexity modulator based on a semiconductor optical amplifier and electroabsorption modulator. Flexible amplitude/phase format transmission is achieved. The applicability of octary QAM for coherent optical access networks with sustainable 3 Gb/s per-user bandwidth is investigated for a long reach of 100 km, and its compatibility with a potentially high split is verified. PMID:22859139

  15. High-performance multi-megahertz optical coherence tomography based on amplified optical time-stretch

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Jingjiang; Wei, Xiaoming; Yu, Luoqin; Zhang, Chi; Xu, Jianbing; Wong, K. K. Y.; Tsia, Kevin K.

    2015-01-01

    As the key prerequisite of high-speed volumetric structural and functional tissue imaging in real-time, scaling the A-scan rate beyond MHz has been one of the major pursuits in the development of optical coherence tomography (OCT). Along with a handful of techniques enabling multi-MHz, amplified optical time-stretch OCT (AOT-OCT) has recently been demonstrated as a viable alternative for ultrafast swept-source OCT well above MHz without the need for the mechanical wavelength-tuning mechanism. In this paper, we report a new generation of AOT-OCT demonstrating superior performance to its older generation and all other time-stretch-based OCT modalities in terms of shot-to-shot stability, sensitivity (~90dB), roll-off performance (>4 mm/dB) and A-scan rate (11.5 MHz). Such performance is mainly attributed to the combined contribution from the stable operation of the broadband and compact mode-locked fiber laser as well as the optical amplification in-line with the time-stretch process. The system allows us, for the first time, to deliver volumetric time-stretch-based OCT of biological tissues with the single-shot A-scan rate beyond 10 MHz. Comparing with the existing high-speed OCT systems, the inertia-free AOT-OCT shows promises to realize high-performance 3D OCT imaging at video rate. PMID:25909017

  16. Static thermo-optic instability in double-pass fiber amplifiers.

    PubMed

    Lægsgaard, Jesper

    2016-06-13

    A coupled-mode formalism, earlier used to describe transverse mode instabilities in single-pass optical fiber amplifiers is extended to the case of double-pass amplifiers. Contrary to the single-pass case, it is shown that the thermo-optic nonlinearity can couple light at the same frequency between the LP01 and LP11 modes, leading to a static deformation of the output beam profile. This novel phenomenon is caused by the interaction of light propagating in either direction with thermo-optic index perturbations caused by light propagating in the opposite direction. The threshold power for the static deformation is found to be several times lower than what is typically found for the dynamic modal instabilities observed in single-pass amplifiers. PMID:27410360

  17. Optical fiber amplifiers based on PbS/CdS QDs modified by polymers.

    PubMed

    Sun, Xiaolan; Xie, Libin; Zhou, Wei; Pang, Fufei; Wang, Tingyun; Kost, Alan R; An, Zesheng

    2013-04-01

    Optical fiber amplifiers based on PbS/CdS semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) modified by an amphiphilic polymer were demonstrated. Well-defined QDs and an amphiphilic copolymer were first prepared and the amphiphilic copolymer was then used to disperse the QDs into silica sol to allow uniform and reproducible incorporation of QDs into the silica coating of the optical fibers. QD-doped silica sol was deposited on the fusion tapered fiber coupler via dip-coating. A 1550 nm semiconductor light emitting diode as the signal source and a 980 nm laser diode as the pump source were injected into the fiber coupler simultaneously. Through evanescent wave excitation, a signal gain as high as 8 dB was obtained within the wavelength range between 1450 and 1650 nm. In addition, the optical fiber amplifiers based on PbS/CdS QDs showed enhanced thermal stability when compared to amplifiers based on PbS QDs. PMID:23571911

  18. Time-resolved chirp properties of semiconductor optical amplifiers in high-speed all-optical switches

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Ligong; Lu, Rongguo; Zhang, Shangjian; Li, Jianfeng; Liu, Yong

    2013-03-01

    The chirp properties of semiconductor optical amplifiers in all-optical switches are numerically investigated using a field propagation model. The chirp dynamics in the blue-shift and red-shift sideband are analyzed under the injection of random optical pump pulses. We also analyze the impact of the blue-detuned filtering scheme that is used to eliminate the pattern effect and enhance the operating speed of the optical switching. The reason for overshoots in eye diagrams in the blue-detuned filtering scheme is explained. We find that overshoots result from the ultrafast blue chirp induced by carrier heating and two-phonon absorption. These results are very useful for semiconductor optical amplifier-based ultrafast all-optical signal processing.

  19. Maximal noiseless code rates for collective rotation channels on qudits

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Chi-Kwong; Nakahara, Mikio; Poon, Yiu-Tung; Sze, Nung-Sing

    2015-11-01

    We study noiseless subsystems on collective rotation channels of qudits, i.e., quantum channels with operators in the set {E}(d,n) = { U^{⊗ n}: U in {SU}(d)}. This is done by analyzing the decomposition of the algebra {A}(d,n) generated by {E}(d,n). We summarize the results for the channels on qubits (d=2) and obtain the maximum dimension of the noiseless subsystem that can be used as the quantum error correction code for the channel. Then we extend our results to general d. In particular, it is shown that the code rate, i.e., the number of protected qudits over the number of physical qudits, always approaches 1 for a suitable noiseless subsystem. Moreover, one can determine the maximum dimension of the noiseless subsystem by solving a non-trivial discrete optimization problem. The maximum dimension of the noiseless subsystem for d = 3 (qutrits) is explicitly determined by a combination of mathematical analysis and the symbolic software Mathematica.

  20. Angle amplifying optics using plane and ellipsoidal reflectors

    DOEpatents

    Glass, Alexander J.

    1977-01-01

    An optical system for providing a wide angle input beam into ellipsoidal laser fusion target illumination systems. The optical system comprises one or more pairs of centrally apertured plane and ellipsoidal mirrors disposed to accept the light input from a conventional lens of modest focal length and thickness, to increase the angular divergence thereof to a value equivalent to that of fast lenses, and to direct the light into the ellipsoidal target illumination system.

  1. Semiconductor optical amplifiers for the 1000-1100-nm spectral range

    SciTech Connect

    Lobintsov, A A; Shramenko, M V; Yakubovich, S D

    2008-07-31

    Two types of semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOAs) based on a double-layer quantum-well (InGa)As/(GaAl)As/GaAs heterostructure are investigated. The optical gain of more than 30 dB and saturation output power of more than 30 mW are achived at 1060 nm in pigtailed SOA modules. These SOAs used as active elements of a tunable laser provide rapid continuous tuning within 85 nm and 45 nm at output powers of 0.5 mW and more than 30 mW, respectively. (active media, lasers, and amplifiers)

  2. Semiconductor optical amplifiers and Raman amplification for 1310-nm dense wavelength division multiplexed transmission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mazurek, Paweł; Czyżak, Paweł; de Waardt, Huug; Turkiewicz, Jarosław Piotr

    2015-11-01

    We investigate the utilization of semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOAs) and quantum-dot laser-based Raman amplifiers in high-capacity dense wavelength division multiplexed (DWDM) 1310-nm transmission systems. Performed simulations showed that in a 10×40 Gbit/s system, the utilization of a single Raman amplifier in a back-propagation scheme can extend the maximum error-free (bit error rate <10-9) transmission distance by approximately 25 km in comparison with the same system utilizing only an SOA used as a preamplifier. We successfully applied a Raman amplifier in an 8×2×40 Gbit/s 1310-nm polarization multiplexed (PolMux) DWDM transmission over 25 km. Conducted experiments showed that the utilization of a Raman amplifier in this system leads to 4-dB improvement of the average channel sensitivity in comparison to the same system utilizing SOAs. This sensitivity improvement can be translated into a higher power budget. Moreover, lower input optical power in a system utilizing a Raman amplifier reduces the four-wave mixing interactions. The obtained results prove that Raman amplification can be successfully applied in 1310-nm high-capacity transmission systems, e.g., to extend the reach of 400G and 1T Ethernet systems.

  3. Performance study of macro-bending EDFA/Raman hybrid optical fiber amplifiers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mahran, O.

    2015-10-01

    In this paper, we present an analytical study of a (macro-bending EDFA)/Raman hybrid optical amplifier. The bending radius is 4 mm with EDFA length 10 m with forward pump power in the range (100-500 mW) and Raman amplifier length (12-55 km) with backward pump power variations (80-200 mW) is considered in our model. Due to bending loss in EDFA, the gain of hybrid amplifier is increased to ~7 dB more than the normal EDFA/Raman hybrid amplifier and the noise figure is decreased by ~2 dB rather than without macro-bending EDFA/Raman hybrid amplifier. The signal to noise ratio (OSNR) calculations shows a better performance of macro-bending EDFA/Raman hybrid amplifier than without macro-bending one. A flat gain is obtained in the signal wavelength region (1560-1600 nm), which is the L-band. The calculated results for macro-bending case are compared with experimental results of normal case by Lee et al., in the L-band showing an increase in the gain, reduction in the noise figure and more gain flatness at the input signal -20 dBm for macro-bending EDFA/Raman hybrid amplifier.

  4. Tapered semiconductor amplifiers for optical frequency combs in the near infrared.

    PubMed

    Cruz, Flavio C; Stowe, Matthew C; Ye, Jun

    2006-05-01

    A tapered semiconductor amplifier is injection seeded by a femtosecond optical frequency comb at 780 nm from a mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser. Energy gains of more than 17 dB(12 dB) are obtained for 1 mW(20 mW) of average input power when the input pulses are stretched into the picosecond range. A spectral window of supercontinuum light generated in a photonic fiber has also been amplified. Interferometric measurements show sub-Hertz linewidths for a heterodyne beat between the input and amplified comb components, yielding no detectable phase-noise degradation under amplification. These amplifiers can be used to boost the infrared power in f-to-2f interferometers used to determine the carrier-to-envelope offset frequency, with clear advantages for stabilization of octave-spanning femtosecond lasers and other supercontinuum light sources. PMID:16642104

  5. Optoelectronic device simulation: Optical modeling for semiconductor optical amplifiers and solid state lighting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Dong-Xue (Michael)

    2006-07-01

    Recent advances in optoelectronic devices require sophisticated optical simulation and modeling. These tiny semiconductor device structures, such as semiconductor lasers and light emitting diodes (LED), not only need detailed electrical computation, such as band structure, carrier transportation, and electron-hole recombination under different external voltages, but also require comprehensive optical modeling, such as photon generation and propagation. Optical modeling also includes waveguide structure calculations, guided mode and leakage mode identification, as well far-field pattern prediction using optical ray tracing. In modeling semiconductor lasers, light emission and propagation can be treated using the single mode of wave optics, the so-called photon propagation equation coupled with carrier transport equations. These differential equations can be numerically solved using the Finite Difference Method (FDM). In the LED modeling, the main tools are based on optical ray tracing, and photons are treated as light emissions with random directions and polarizations. Optical waveguide theory is used to qualitatively analyze photon emissions inside a LED chip, and helps to design the LED device structure. One important area of semiconductor laser modeling is the optical simulation of the wavelength converter based on semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOA). This wavelength converter is a critical device in optical communication, and it can copy information from one wavelength to anther through cross-gain modulation. Some numerical methods have been developed to model the wavelength conversion. In these methods, solutions are found by solving differential equations in the time domain using FDM. In all previous models, the waveguide internal loss is assumed uniform across the cavity of the SOA, or the gain coefficient is based on the polynomial approximation method, i.e., the gain coefficient is assumed proportional to the difference between the carrier and

  6. A 23-dB bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for a 1700-nm band

    PubMed Central

    Firstov, Sergei V.; Alyshev, Sergey V.; Riumkin, Konstantin E.; Khopin, Vladimir F.; Guryanov, Alexey N.; Melkumov, Mikhail A.; Dianov, Evgeny M.

    2016-01-01

    It is now almost twenty-five years since the first Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier (EDFA) was demonstrated. Currently, the EDFA is one of the most important elements widely used in different kinds of fiber-optic communication systems. However, driven by a constantly increasing demand, the network traffic, growing exponentially over decades, will lead to the overload of these systems (“capacity crunch”) because the operation of the EDFA is limited to a spectral region of 1530–1610 nm. It will require a search for new technologies and, in this respect, the development of optical amplifiers for new spectral regions can be a promising approach. Most of fiber-optic amplifiers are created using rare-earth-doped materials. As a result, wide bands in shorter (1150–1530 nm) and longer wavelength (1600–1750 nm) regions with respect to the gain band of Er-doped fibers are still uncovered. Here we report on the development of a novel fiber amplifier operating in a spectral region of 1640–1770 nm pumped by commercially available laser diodes at 1550 nm. This amplifier was realized using bismuth-doped high-germania silicate fibers fabricated by MCVD technique. PMID:27357592

  7. A 23-dB bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for a 1700-nm band

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Firstov, Sergei V.; Alyshev, Sergey V.; Riumkin, Konstantin E.; Khopin, Vladimir F.; Guryanov, Alexey N.; Melkumov, Mikhail A.; Dianov, Evgeny M.

    2016-06-01

    It is now almost twenty-five years since the first Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier (EDFA) was demonstrated. Currently, the EDFA is one of the most important elements widely used in different kinds of fiber-optic communication systems. However, driven by a constantly increasing demand, the network traffic, growing exponentially over decades, will lead to the overload of these systems (“capacity crunch”) because the operation of the EDFA is limited to a spectral region of 1530–1610 nm. It will require a search for new technologies and, in this respect, the development of optical amplifiers for new spectral regions can be a promising approach. Most of fiber-optic amplifiers are created using rare-earth-doped materials. As a result, wide bands in shorter (1150–1530 nm) and longer wavelength (1600–1750 nm) regions with respect to the gain band of Er-doped fibers are still uncovered. Here we report on the development of a novel fiber amplifier operating in a spectral region of 1640–1770 nm pumped by commercially available laser diodes at 1550 nm. This amplifier was realized using bismuth-doped high-germania silicate fibers fabricated by MCVD technique.

  8. A 23-dB bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for a 1700-nm band.

    PubMed

    Firstov, Sergei V; Alyshev, Sergey V; Riumkin, Konstantin E; Khopin, Vladimir F; Guryanov, Alexey N; Melkumov, Mikhail A; Dianov, Evgeny M

    2016-01-01

    It is now almost twenty-five years since the first Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier (EDFA) was demonstrated. Currently, the EDFA is one of the most important elements widely used in different kinds of fiber-optic communication systems. However, driven by a constantly increasing demand, the network traffic, growing exponentially over decades, will lead to the overload of these systems ("capacity crunch") because the operation of the EDFA is limited to a spectral region of 1530-1610 nm. It will require a search for new technologies and, in this respect, the development of optical amplifiers for new spectral regions can be a promising approach. Most of fiber-optic amplifiers are created using rare-earth-doped materials. As a result, wide bands in shorter (1150-1530 nm) and longer wavelength (1600-1750 nm) regions with respect to the gain band of Er-doped fibers are still uncovered. Here we report on the development of a novel fiber amplifier operating in a spectral region of 1640-1770 nm pumped by commercially available laser diodes at 1550 nm. This amplifier was realized using bismuth-doped high-germania silicate fibers fabricated by MCVD technique. PMID:27357592

  9. Wideband model of a reflective tensile-strained bulk semiconductor optical amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Connelly, M. J.

    2014-05-01

    Reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers (RSOAs) have shown promise for applications in WDM optical networks and in fiber ring mode-locked lasers. Polarization insensitive SOAs can be fabricated using tensile-strained bulk material and a rectangular cross section waveguide. The introduction of tensile strain can be used to compensate for the different confinement factors experienced by the waveguide TE and TM modes. There is a need for models that can be used to predict RSOA static characteristics such as the dependency of the signal gain on bias current and input optical power, the amplified spontaneous emission spectrum and noise figure. In this paper we extend our prior work on non-reflective SOAs to develop a static model that includes facet reflections. The model uses a detailed band structure description, which is used to determine the wavelength and carrier density dependency of the material gain and additive spontaneous emission. The model and includes a full geometrical description of the amplifier waveguide, including the input taper and the position dependency of the TE/TM confinement factors. The amplified signal and spontaneous emission are described by detailed travelling-wave equations and numerically solved in conjunction with a carrier density rate equation. The model uses material and geometric parameters for a commercially available RSOA. The versatility of the model is shown by several simulations that are used to predict the SOA operational characteristics as well as internal variables such as the amplified spontaneous emission and signal and the carrier density.

  10. Fast optical source for quantum key distribution based on semiconductor optical amplifiers.

    PubMed

    Jofre, M; Gardelein, A; Anzolin, G; Amaya, W; Capmany, J; Ursin, R; Peñate, L; Lopez, D; San Juan, J L; Carrasco, J A; Garcia, F; Torcal-Milla, F J; Sanchez-Brea, L M; Bernabeu, E; Perdigues, J M; Jennewein, T; Torres, J P; Mitchell, M W; Pruneri, V

    2011-02-28

    A novel integrated optical source capable of emitting faint pulses with different polarization states and with different intensity levels at 100 MHz has been developed. The source relies on a single laser diode followed by four semiconductor optical amplifiers and thin film polarizers, connected through a fiber network. The use of a single laser ensures high level of indistinguishability in time and spectrum of the pulses for the four different polarizations and three different levels of intensity. The applicability of the source is demonstrated in the lab through a free space quantum key distribution experiment which makes use of the decoy state BB84 protocol. We achieved a lower bound secure key rate of the order of 3.64 Mbps and a quantum bit error ratio as low as 1.14×10⁻² while the lower bound secure key rate became 187 bps for an equivalent attenuation of 35 dB. To our knowledge, this is the fastest polarization encoded QKD system which has been reported so far. The performance, reduced size, low power consumption and the fact that the components used can be space qualified make the source particularly suitable for secure satellite communication. PMID:21369207

  11. Polymer optical waveguide composed of europium-aluminum-acrylate composite core for compact optical amplifier and laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mitani, Marina; Yamashita, Kenichi; Fukui, Toshimi; Ishigure, Takaaki

    2015-02-01

    We successfully fabricate polymer waveguides with Europium-Aluminum (Eu-Al) polymer composite core using the Mosquito method that utilizes a microdispenser for realizing a compact waveguide optical amplifiers and lasers. Rareearth (RE) ions are widely used as the gain medium for fiber lasers and optical fiber amplifiers. However, high concentration doping of rare-earth-ion leads to the concentration quenching resulting in observing less gain in optical amplification. For addressing the concentration quenching problem, a rare-earth metal (RE-M) polymer composite has been proposed by KRI, Inc. to be a waveguide core material. Actually, 10-wt% RE doping into organic polymer materials was already achieved. Hence, realization of compact and high-efficiency waveguide amplifiers and lasers have been anticipated using the RE-M polymer composite. In this paper, a microdispenser is adopted to fabricate a Eu-doped polymer waveguide. Then, it is experimentally confirmed that the low-loss waveguides are fabricated with a high reproducibility. Optical gain is estimated by measuring the amplified spontaneous emission using the variable stripe length method. The fabricated waveguide exhibits an optical gain as high as 7.1 dB/cm at 616-nm wavelength.

  12. All-optical signal amplifier and distributor using cavity-atom coupling systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Duan, Yafan; Lin, Gongwei; Niu, Yueping; Gong, Shangqing

    2016-05-01

    We report an all-optical signal amplifier and a signal distributor using cavity-atom coupling systems. In this system we couple atoms with an optical cavity and realize the great enhancement of a control laser by the cavity with the help of two high coupling lasers. By this effect, we can use one weak control field to control another strong target field and the intensity changes are linear with our experimental conditions. This can be used as an all-optical signal amplifier, also known as a ‘transphasor’. In our experiment, the gain of the weak field to strong field can be as high as 60. Furthermore, we can realize the distribution of optical signals, if we coordinate multiple cavity-atom coupling systems.

  13. All-optical clock recovery for 40Gbs using an amplified feedback DFB laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, Yu; Pan, J. Q.; Zhao, L. J.; Chen, W. X.; Wang, W.; Wang, L.; Zhao, X. F.; Lou, C. Y.

    2009-11-01

    All-optical clock recovery is a key technology in all-optical 3R signal regeneration (Re-amplification, Retiming, and Reshaping) process. In this paper, a monolithic integrated three-section amplified feedback semiconductor laser (AFL) is demonstrated as an all optical clock regenerator. We fabricated a three-section AFL using quantum well intermixing process without regrowth instead of butt-joint process. The tunable characteristics of three-section AFL were investigated, and all optical clock recovery for 40Gb/s return to zero (RZ) 231-1 pseudorandom binary sequence (PRBS) is demonstrated experimentally using AFL with time jitter about 689.2fs.

  14. Thermally robust semiconductor optical amplifiers and laser diodes

    DOEpatents

    Dijaili, Sol P.; Patterson, Frank G.; Walker, Jeffrey D.; Deri, Robert J.; Petersen, Holly; Goward, William

    2002-01-01

    A highly heat conductive layer is combined with or placed in the vicinity of the optical waveguide region of active semiconductor components. The thermally conductive layer enhances the conduction of heat away from the active region, which is where the heat is generated in active semiconductor components. This layer is placed so close to the optical region that it must also function as a waveguide and causes the active region to be nearly the same temperature as the ambient or heat sink. However, the semiconductor material itself should be as temperature insensitive as possible and therefore the invention combines a highly thermally conductive dielectric layer with improved semiconductor materials to achieve an overall package that offers improved thermal performance. The highly thermally conductive layer serves two basic functions. First, it provides a lower index material than the semiconductor device so that certain kinds of optical waveguides may be formed, e.g., a ridge waveguide. The second and most important function, as it relates to this invention, is that it provides a significantly higher thermal conductivity than the semiconductor material, which is the principal material in the fabrication of various optoelectronic devices.

  15. Stability of pulses on optical fibers with phase-sensitive amplifiers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alexander, J. C.; Grillakis, M. G.; Jones, C. K. R. T.; Sandstede, B.

    Pulse stability is crucial to the effective propagation of information in a soliton-based optical communication system. It is shown in this paper that pulses in optical fibers, for which attenuation is compensated by phase-sensitive amplifiers, are stable over a large range of parameter values. A fourth-order nonlinear diffusion model due to Kutz and co-workers is used. The stability proof invokes a number of mathematical techniques, including the Evans function and Grillakis' functional analytic approach.

  16. Pump-probe quantum state tomography in a semiconductor optical amplifier.

    PubMed

    Grosse, N B; Owschimikow, N; Aust, R; Lingnau, B; Koltchanov, A; Kolarczik, M; Lüdge, K; Woggon, U

    2014-12-29

    Pump-probe quantum state tomography was applied to the transmission of a coherent state through an In(Ga)As based quantum dot optical amplifier during the interaction with an optical pump pulse. The Wigner function and the statistical moments of the field were extracted and used to determine the degree of population inversion and the signal-to-noise ratio in a sub-picosecond time window. PMID:25607214

  17. Frequency-resolved noise figure measurements of phase (in)sensitive fiber optical parametric amplifiers.

    PubMed

    Malik, R; Kumpera, A; Lorences-Riesgo, A; Andrekson, P A; Karlsson, M

    2014-11-17

    We measure the frequency-resolved noise figure of fiber optical parametric amplifiers both in phase-insensitive and phase-sensitive modes in the frequency range from 0.03 to 3 GHz. We also measure the variation in noise figure due to the degradation in pump optical signal to noise ratio and also as a function of the input signal powers. Noise figure degradation due to stimulated Brillouin scattering is observed. PMID:25402025

  18. Effect of input phase modulation to a phase-sensitive optical amplifier.

    PubMed

    Li, Tian; Anderson, Brian E; Horrom, Travis; Jones, Kevin M; Lett, Paul D

    2016-08-22

    Many optical applications depend on amplitude modulating optical beams using devices such as acousto-optical modulators (AOMs) or optical choppers. Methods to add amplitude modulation (AM) often inadvertently impart phase modulation (PM) onto the light as well. While this PM is of no consequence to many phase-insensitive applications, phase-sensitive processes can be affected. Here we study the effects of input phase and amplitude modulation on the output of a quantum-noise limited phase-sensitive optical amplifier (PSA) realized in hot 85Rb vapor. We investigate the dependence of PM on AOM alignment and demonstrate a novel approach to quantifying PM by using the PSA as a diagnostic tool. We then use this method to measure the alignment-dependent PM of an optical chopper which arises due to diffraction effects as the chopper blade passes through the optical beam. PMID:27557263

  19. All-optical format conversion using a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide and a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Jian; Sun, Junqiang; Sun, Qizhen; Wang, Dalin; Zhou, Minjuan; Zhang, Xinliang; Huang, Dexiu; Fejer, M. M.

    2007-07-01

    In the present letter, the authors report on the realization of all-optical format conversion by using the cascaded sum- and difference-frequency generation in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide and the active mode locking in a reflective-semiconductor-optical-amplifier-based fiber ring laser. Tunable format conversions from nonreturn-to-zero pseudorandom binary sequence (PRBS) signal to return-to-zero PRBS idler at 10 and 20Gbit/s are observed in the experiment.

  20. Ground and Airborne Methane Measurements using Optical Parametric Amplifiers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Numata, K.; Riris, H.; Li, S.; Wu, S.; Kawa, S. R.; Abshire, J. B.; Dawsey, M.; Ramanathan, A.

    2011-12-01

    We report on ground and airborne methane measurements with an active sensing instrument using widely tunable, seeded optical parametric generation (OPG). The technique has been used to measure methane, CO2, water vapor, and other trace gases in the near and mid-infrared spectral regions. Methane is a strong greenhouse gas on Earth and it is also a potential biogenic marker on Mars and other planetary bodies. Methane in the Earth's atmosphere survives for a shorter time than CO2 but its impact on climate change can be larger than CO2. Carbon and methane emissions from land are expected to increase as permafrost melts exposing millennial-age carbon stocks to respiration (aerobic-CO2 and anaerobic-CH4) and fires. Methane emissions from clathrates in the Arctic Ocean and on land are also likely to respond to climate warming. However, there is considerable uncertainty in present Arctic flux levels, as well as how fluxes will change with the changing environment. For Mars, methane measurements are of great interest because of its potential as a strong biogenic marker. A remote sensing instrument that can measure day and night over all seasons and latitudes can localize sources of biogenic gas plumes produced by subsurface chemistry or biology, and aid in the search for extra-terrestrial life. In this paper we report on remote sensing measurements of methane using a high peak power, widely tunable optical parametric generator (OPG) operating at 3.3 um and 1.65 um. We have demonstrated detection of methane at 3.3 μm and 1650 nm in an open path and compared them to accepted standards. We also report on preliminary airborne demonstration of methane measurements at 1.65 um.

  1. Ground and Airborne Methane Measurements Using Optical Parametric Amplifiers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Numata, Kenji; Riris, Haris; Li, Steve; Wu, Stewart; Kawa, Stephan R.; Abshire, James Brice; Dawsey, Martha; Ramanathan, Anand

    2011-01-01

    We report on ground and airborne methane measurements with an active sensing instrument using widely tunable, seeded optical parametric generation (OPG). The technique has been used to measure methane, CO2, water vapor, and other trace gases in the near and mid-infrared spectral regions. Methane is a strong greenhouse gas on Earth and it is also a potential biogenic marker on Mars and other planetary bodies. Methane in the Earth's atmosphere survives for a shorter time than CO2 but its impact on climate change can be larger than CO2. Carbon and methane emissions from land are expected to increase as permafrost melts exposing millennial-age carbon stocks to respiration (aerobic-CO2 and anaerobic-CH4) and fires. Methane emissions from c1athrates in the Arctic Ocean and on land are also likely to respond to climate warming. However, there is considerable uncertainty in present Arctic flux levels, as well as how fluxes will change with the changing environment. For Mars, methane measurements are of great interest because of its potential as a strong biogenic marker. A remote sensing instrument that can measure day and night over all seasons and latitudes can localize sources of biogenic gas plumes produced by subsurface chemistry or biology, and aid in the search for extra-terrestrial life. In this paper we report on remote sensing measurements of methane using a high peak power, widely tunable optical parametric generator (OPG) operating at 3.3 micrometers and 1.65 micrometers. We have demonstrated detection of methane at 3.3 micrometers and 1650 nanometers in an open path and compared them to accepted standards. We also report on preliminary airborne demonstration of methane measurements at 1.65 micrometers.

  2. Optical amplifier based on guided polaritons in GaN and ZnO

    SciTech Connect

    Solnyshkov, D. D.; Terças, H.; Malpuech, G.

    2014-12-08

    We propose a scheme of an optical amplifier based on GaN and ZnO waveguides operating in the regime of strong coupling between photonic modes and excitonic resonances. Amplification of the guided exciton-polaritons is obtained by stimulated scattering from the excitonic reservoir, which is found to be fast enough compared with the large velocity of the guided polariton modes. We analyze the device parameters at different temperatures. We find that an 80 μm-long amplifier can provide a gain of 10 dB at room temperature, being supplied by 5 mA current in the cw regime.

  3. The nanosecond optical parametric amplifier of a weak signal based on BBO crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bagdasarov, V. Kh; Bel’kov, S. A.; Garanin, S. G.; Garnov, S. V.; Nikolaev, D. A.; Orlov, S. N.; Polivanov, Y. N.; Shcherbakov, I. A.; Tsvetkov, V. B.

    2016-09-01

    Parameters of the optical parametric amplifier (OPA), based on two BBO crystals were studied. The OPA was made with the schematic of the extraordinary wave walk off compensation. Efficient amplification of the weak signal (λ  =  1053 nm) in the field of the strong pumping wave (λ  =  532 nm) was obtained. The measured value of the amplification was equal to ~106. The noise level of the parametric amplifier was less than 10‑3 from the signal level.

  4. Phenomenological model analysis for semiconductor optical amplifiers and application to time-domain digital polarization encoding.

    PubMed

    Li, Zhengyong; Wu, Chongqing

    2008-09-15

    We propose and demonstrate that semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOAs) for each wavelength of the input can be described by a lumped-elements sequence of a partly linear polarizer and a retarder followed by a polarization-independent amplifier, and further obtain two necessary conditions for the valuable orthogonal polarization rotation (OPR), which will be instructive for SOA-based all-optical signal processing. Subsequently we implement photoinduced OPR by controlling an approximately 2.5 mW pump laser and find the optimal pump wavelength should be an approximately 0.4 nm interval around the central wavelength of the probe laser. Therefore we propose a time-domain digital polarization encoding scheme based on photoinduced OPR with cross-gain modulation in a SOA and perform it well in a 15 km single-mode-fiber system at 2.5 Gbits/s, which is applicable to optical-power-equalized fiber communication. PMID:18794921

  5. Development of Optical Parametric Amplifier for Lidar Measurements of Trace Gases on Earth and Mars

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Numata, Kenji; Riris, Haris; Li, Steve; Wu, Stewart; Kawa, Stephen R.; Krainak, Michael; Abshire, James

    2011-01-01

    Trace gases in planetary atmospheres offer important clues as to the origins of the planet's hydrology, geology. atmosphere. and potential for biology. Wc report on the development effort of a nanosecond-pulsed optical parametric amplifier (OPA) for remote trace gas measurements for Mars and Earth. The OP A output light is single frequency with high spectral purity and is widely tunable both at 1600 nm and 3300 nm with an optical-optical conversion efficiency of approximately 40%. We demonstrated open-path atmospheric measurements ofCH4 (3291 nm and 1651 nm). CO2 (1573 nm), H20 (1652 nm) with this laser source.

  6. Ultrafast, atto-Joule switch using fiber-optic parametric amplifier operated in saturation.

    PubMed

    Andrekson, Peter A; Sunnerud, Henrik; Oda, Shoichiro; Nishitani, Takashi; Yang, Jiang

    2008-07-21

    All-optical manipulation of signals carried by lightwaves is attractive because controlling the light directly can be more efficient, allows a multitude of signal formats, and can also prove most cost effective. We implemented a novel scheme for ultrafast optical switching using very small control energy that relies on the use of a saturated fiber-optic parametric amplifier. Approximately 19 aJ (150 photons) of control pulse energy was needed for 50% extinction of the signal which is three to four orders of magnitude smaller than in other all-optical switching demonstrations. This allows the consideration of novel practical approaches to implement all-optical switching devices and all-optical subsystems for telecommunications and other applications. PMID:18648409

  7. High gain broadband amplification of ultraviolet pulses in optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier.

    PubMed

    Wnuk, Paweł; Stepanenko, Yuriy; Radzewicz, Czesław

    2010-04-12

    We report on a high gain amplification of broadband ultraviolet femtosecond pulses in an optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier. Broadband ultraviolet seed pulses were obtained by an achromatic frequency doubling of the output from a femtosecond Ti:Sapphire oscillator. Stretched seed pulses were amplified in a multipass parametric amplifier with a single BBO crystal pumped by a ns frequency quadrupled Nd:YAG laser. A noncollinear configuration was used for a broadband amplification. The total (after compression) amplification of 2.510(5) was achieved, with compressed pulse energy of 30 microJ and pulse duration of 24 fs. We found that the measured gain was limited by thermal effects induced by the absorption of the pump laser by color centers created in the BBO crystal. PMID:20588633

  8. Design considerations for a high power, ultrabroadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier.

    PubMed

    Prandolini, M J; Riedel, R; Schulz, M; Hage, A; Höppner, H; Tavella, F

    2014-01-27

    A conceptual design of a high power, ultrabroadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier (OPCPA) was carried out comparing nonlinear crystals (LBO and BBO) for 810 nm centered, sub-7.0 fs pulses with energies above 1 mJ. These amplifiers are only possible with a parallel development of kilowatt-level OPCPA-pump amplifiers. It is therefore important to know good strategies to use the available OPCPA-pump energy efficiently. Numerical simulations, including self- and cross-phase modulation, were used to investigate the critical parameters to achieve sufficient spectral and spatial quality. At high output powers, thermal absorption in the nonlinear crystals starts to degrade the output beam quality. Strategies to minimize thermal effects and limits to the maximum average power are discussed. PMID:24515165

  9. An optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier for seeding high repetition rate free-electron lasers

    SciTech Connect

    Höppner, H.; Tanikawa, T.; Schulz, M.; Riedel, R.; Teubner, U.; Faatz, B.; Tavella, F.

    2015-05-15

    High repetition rate free-electron lasers (FEL), producing highly intense extreme ultraviolet and x-ray pulses, require new high power tunable femtosecond lasers for FEL seeding and FEL pump-probe experiments. A tunable, 112 W (burst mode) optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier (OPCPA) is demonstrated with center frequencies ranging from 720–900 nm, pulse energies up to 1.12 mJ and a pulse duration of 30 fs at a repetition rate of 100 kHz. Since the power scalability of this OPCPA is limited by the OPCPA-pump amplifier, we also demonstrate a 6.7–13.7 kW (burst mode) thin-disk OPCPA-pump amplifier, increasing the possible OPCPA output power to many hundreds of watts. Furthermore, third and fourth harmonic generation experiments are performed and the results are used to simulate a seeded FEL with high-gain harmonic generation.

  10. Optical frequency up-conversion of UWB monocycle pulse based on pulsed-pump fiber optical parametric amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Jia; Liang, Yu; Xu, Xing; Cheung, Kim K. Y.; Wong, Kenneth K. Y.

    2009-11-01

    We propose a method to realize frequency up-conversion of UWB monocycle pulse using pulsed-pump fiber optical parametric amplifier (OPA). The spectrum of the amplified signal contains many discrete frequency components which are separated by the modulation frequency of the pump. Each frequency components contain the same spectral information as that of the original signal. By selecting the first-order or higher-order frequency components of the amplified signal and beating in the photodetector, up-converted signal at different frequencies are obtained. We demonstrate frequency up-conversion of baseband UWB monocycle pulse from 3-GHz to 19-GHz in the experiment and frequency up-conversion of pseudo-random binary sequence (PRBS) signal from 3-GHz to 60-GHz in the simulation.

  11. Optical design and performance of the amplifier stage for the average power laser experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Quimby, D. C.; Parazzoli, C. G.; Pistoresi, D. J.

    1992-07-01

    Boeing, in collaboration with Los Alamos and STI Optronics, is embarking on a program to build and operate the Average Power Laser Experiment (APLE) to demonstrate the high power capability of free-electron lasers at a wavelength of 10 μm. The experiment utilizes the single-accelerator, master-oscillator, power-amplifier (SAMOPA) approach. The performance of the power amplifier stage, as calculated by the time-dependent 3D FELEX code, is presented. The SAMOPA concept has important advantages in terms of excellent electron trapping fraction and remarkable insensitivity to slippage, input optical power, and detuning from resonance, but key requirements are placed on the e-beam peak current and emittance and on the allowable induced energy spread in the oscillator stage. Optical design tradeoffs between strong guiding and power extraction are described and a complete evaluation of the performance sensitivity to various error sources and misalignments is presented.

  12. Gain transient control for wavelength division multiplexed access networks using semiconductor optical amplifiers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gibbon, T. B.; Osadchiy, A. V.; Kjær, R.; Jensen, J. B.; Monroy, I. Tafur

    2009-06-01

    Gain transients can severely hamper the upstream network performance in wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) access networks featuring erbium doped fiber amplifiers (EDFAs) or Raman amplification. We experimentally demonstrate for the first time using 10 Gb/s fiber transmission bit error rate measurements how a near-saturated semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) can be used to control these gain transients. An SOA is shown to reduce the penalty of transients originating in an EDFA from 2.3 dB to 0.2 dB for 10 Gb/s transmission over standard single mode fiber using a 2 31-1 PRBS pattern. The results suggest that a single SOA integrated within a WDM receiver at the metro node could offer a convenient all-optical solution for upstream transient control in WDM access networks.

  13. Performance optimization of EDFA-Raman hybrid optical amplifier using genetic algorithm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Simranjit; Kaler, R. S.

    2015-05-01

    For the first time, a novel net gain analytical model of EDFA-Raman hybrid optical amplifier (HOA) is designed and optimized the various parameters using genetic algorithm. Our method has shown to be robust in the simultaneous analysis of multiple parameters, such as Raman length, EDFA length and its pump powers, to obtained highest possible gain. The optimized HOA is further investigated and characterized on system level in the scenario of 100×10 Gbps dense wavelength division multiplexed (DWDM) system with 25 GHz interval. With an optimized HOA, a flat gain of >18 dB is obtained from frequency region 187 to 189.5 THz with a gain variation of less than 1.35 dB without using any gain flattened technique. The obtained noise figure is also the lowest value (<2 dB/channel) ever reported for proposed hybrid optical amplifier at reduced channel spacing with acceptable bit error rate.

  14. Generation of broadband entangled light through cascading nondegenerate optical parametric amplifiers

    SciTech Connect

    He Wenping; Li Fuli

    2007-07-15

    We consider a system consisting of N nondegenerate optical parametric amplifiers (NOPAs) operating below threshold and linked with each other in a cascading way, each taking the output subharmonic fields from the previous one as the input fields. The entanglement properties of the subharmonic fields from these cascading nondegenerate optical parametric amplifiers (CNOPAs) are investigated. We find that, if the input subharmonic fields of the first NOPA in the cascading line are in the vacuum state, the output fields from the later NOPAs exhibit excellent broadband entanglement, and the entanglement frequency band is broadened notably with increased number of cascading NOPAs. We also discuss the application of the entangled light generated from the CNOPAs to broadband teleportation, and find that the maximum width of the fidelity spectrum of teleportation of broadband coherent states can be greatly broadened.

  15. Entanglement of movable mirror and cavity field enhanced by an optical parametric amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cai-yun, Zhang; Hu, Li; Gui-xia, Pan; Zong-qiang, Sheng

    2016-07-01

    A scheme to generate entanglement in a cavity optomechanical system filled with an optical parametric amplifier is proposed. With the help of the optical parametric amplifier, the stationary macroscopic entanglement between the movable mirror and the cavity field can be notably enhanced, and the entanglement increases when the parametric gain increases. Moreover, for a given parametric gain, the degree of entanglement of the cavity optomechanical system increases with increasing input laser power. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11247001), the Scientific Research Foundation of the Higher Education Institutions of Anhui Province, China (Grant No. KJ2012A083), and the Doctor (Master) Fund of Anhui University of Science and Technology, China.

  16. A 980 nm pseudomorphic single quantum well laser for pumping erbium-doped optical fiber amplifiers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Larsson, A.; Forouhar, S.; Cody, J.; Lang, R. J.; Andrekson, P. A.

    1990-01-01

    The authors have fabricated ridge waveguide pseudomorphic InGaAs/GaAs/AlGaAs GRIN-SCH SQW (graded-index separate-confinement-heterostructure single-quantum-well) lasers, emitting at 980 nm, with a maximum output power of 240 mW from one facet and a 22 percent coupling efficiency into a 1.55-micron single-mode optical fiber. These lasers satisfy the requirements on efficient and compact pump sources for Er3+-doped fiber amplifiers.

  17. Wide Tuning Range Wavelength-Swept Laser With Two Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers

    PubMed Central

    Oh, W. Y.; Yun, S. H.; Tearney, G. J.; Bouma, B. E.

    2010-01-01

    We demonstrate a wide tuning range high-speed wavelength-swept semiconductor laser based on a polygon scanning filter that is common to two laser cavities. Linear wavelength tuning was achieved over 145 nm around 1310 nm at a tuning repetition rate of 20 kHz. The wavelength tuning filter is expandable to accommodate multiple semiconductor optical amplifiers for further widening of the laser wavelength tuning range. PMID:20651947

  18. Microwave photonic phase shifter based on birefringence effects in a semiconductor optical amplifier.

    PubMed

    Chen, Han; Sun, Mingming; Ding, Yi; Sun, Xiaohan

    2013-09-01

    A continuously tunable microwave photonic (MWP) phase shifter based on birefringence effects in a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) is presented and the theoretical fundamentals of the design are explained. This proposed device provides a high efficiency phase-shift tuning range beyond 2π rad by controlling the SOA launch power. A prototype of the MWP phase shifter with a frequency of 10 GHz and 2π rad tuning range is experimentally demonstrated. PMID:23988932

  19. High-bandwidth organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi; Fujii, Kazuhito; Teramoto, Shigehiro; Tagaya, Akihiro; Nihei, Eisuke; Kinoshita, Takeshi; Koike, Yasuhiro; Sasaki, Keisuke

    1993-11-01

    An organic dye (Rhodamine B) doped polymer optical fiber amplifier (POFA) of the graded- index (GI) type was successfully prepared for the first time. The GI-POFA of only 500 mm in length gave 27 dB in gain at 591 nm of signal wavelength. Additionally, absorption cross section and emission cross section of Rhodamine B in PMMA matrix were estimated, which were required to analyze amplification mechanism in the POFA.

  20. Tapered InAs/InGaAs quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier design for enhanced gain and beam quality.

    PubMed

    Mesaritakis, Charis; Kapsalis, Alexandros; Simos, Hercules; Simos, Christos; Krakowski, Michel; Krestnikov, Igor; Syvridis, Dimitris

    2013-07-15

    In this Letter, a design for a tapered InAs/InGaAs quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier is proposed and experimentally evaluated. The amplifier's geometry was optimized in order to reduce gain saturation effects and improve gain efficiency and beam quality. The experimental measurements confirm that the proposed amplifier allows for an elevated optical gain in the saturation regime, whereas a five-fold increase in the coupling efficiency to a standard single mode optical fiber is observed, due to the improvement in the beam quality factor M² of the emitted beam. PMID:23939062

  1. Phase Recovery Acceleration of Quantum-Dot Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers by Optical Pumping to Quantum-Well Wetting Layer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Jungho

    2013-11-01

    We theoretically investigate the phase recovery acceleration of quantum-dot (QD) semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOAs) by means of the optical pump injection to the quantum-well (QW) wetting layer (WL). We compare the ultrafast gain and phase recovery responses of QD SOAs in either the electrical or the optical pumping scheme by numerically solving 1088 coupled rate equations. The ultrafast gain recovery responses on the order of sub-picosecond are nearly the same for the two pumping schemes. The ultrafast phase recovery is not significantly accelerated by increasing the electrical current density, but greatly improved by increasing the optical pumping power to the QW WL. Because the phase recovery time of QD SOAs with the optical pumping scheme can be reduced down to several picoseconds, the complete phase recovery can be achieved when consecutive pulse signals with a repetition rate of 100 GHz is injected.

  2. Gain flattening filter in the DWDM systems using C-band or L-band optical amplifiers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bibac, Ionut C.

    2003-10-01

    An optical transport network based on dense wavelength - division multiplexing DWDM technology is the next logical step in the evolution of Internet network. An Optical Internet network is defined as any Internet network where the network link layer connections are "dedicated" wavelengths on a Wave Division Multiplexed optical fibre directly connected to a high performance network router. The high performance network router replaces traditional ATM and SONET/SDH switching and multiplexing equipment, the essential statistical multiplexing device that controls wavelength access, switching, routing and protection. The optical amplifier is the key element that contributes to design an Optical Internet network. The design of an optical component and in particular an optical amplifier can directly and significantly affect the performance of an optical system. With the help of PTDS toll I will demonstrate the advantage of using L - band amplifiers especially for long - haul terrestrial or submarine DWDM systems in which thousands of amplifiers might be needed in a single transmission link. This is due to the exceptional feature that permits in a cascade configuration a very flat gain. It is demonstrated that L -band amplifier doesn"t require a gain-flattening fiber (GFF) compared to C -band amplifiers.

  3. High efficiency, high energy, CEP-stabilized infrared optical parametric amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ling, Weijun; Geng, Xiaotao; Guo, Shuyan; Wei, Zhiyi; Krausz, F.; Kim, D.

    2014-10-01

    A high efficiency, tunable, carrier-envelope-phase (CEP) stabilized near-infrared optical parametric amplifier (OPA) is demonstrated with just a single BBO crystal. A white-light continuum produced by a CEP-stabilized laser is seeded into the two stages of the type II OPA system. We achieved a pump-to-signal conversion efficiency of 34% with a single nonlinear crystal. To our knowledge this is the highest conversion efficiency reported in broadband optical parametric amplification, using the two stages. This work demonstrates a compact way to for tunable femtosecond pulses with CEP stabilization.

  4. Tunable directly modulated fiber ring laser using a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for WDM access networks.

    PubMed

    Lin, Zih-Rong; Liu, Cheng-Kuang; Jhang, Yu-Jhu; Keiser, Gerd

    2010-08-16

    We have proposed a stable, wideband, and tunable directly modulated fiber ring laser (TDMFRL) by using a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier (RSOA) and an optical tunable filter (OTF). For use in a bidirectional access network, the TDMFRL not only generates downstream data traffic but also serves as the wavelength-selecting injection light source for the Fabry-Pérot laser diode (FP-LD) located at the subscriber site. We experimentally demonstrated a bidirectional transmission at 1.25-Gb/s direct modulation over a 25-km single-mode fiber (SMF), thereby showing good performance in a wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) access network. PMID:20721147

  5. Use of tapered amplifier diode laser for biological-friendly high-resolution optical trapping.

    PubMed

    Cheng, Wei; Hou, Ximiao; Ye, Fangmao

    2010-09-01

    A 1064 nm laser is commonly used for biological optical trapping. However, it has the problem of generating reactive oxygen species in the presence of a sensitizer, which leads to photo damage in biological samples. Here we constructed optical tweezers using a tapered amplifier diode laser that operates at 830 nm. Compared to a 1064 nm laser, this laser is friendly to live cells, eliminates photo damage associated with reactive oxygen species, and allows simultaneous two-photon fluorescence imaging of green fluorescent proteins in live mammalian cells. All these advantages could significantly benefit future application of this single molecule technique in biological studies. PMID:20808392

  6. Gigahertz to terahertz tunable all-optical single-side-band microwave generation via semiconductor optical amplifier gain engineering.

    PubMed

    Li, Fangxin; Helmy, Amr S

    2013-11-15

    We propose and demonstrate a technique to generate low-noise broadly tunable single-side-band microwaves using cascaded semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOAs) using no RF bias. The proposed technique uses no RF components and is based on polarization-state controlled gain-induced four-wave mixing in SOAs. Microwave generation from 40 to 875 GHz with a line-width ~22 KHz is experimentally demonstrated. PMID:24322069

  7. Some practical universal noiseless coding techniques, part 2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rice, R. F.; Lee, J. J.

    1983-01-01

    This report is an extension of earlier work (Part 1) which provided practical adaptive techniques for the efficient noiseless coding of a broad class of data sources characterized by only partially known and varying statistics (JPL Publication 79-22). The results here, while still claiming such general applicability, focus primarily on the noiseless coding of image data. A fairly complete and self-contained treatment is provided. Particular emphasis is given to the requirements of the forthcoming Voyager II encounters of Uranus and Neptune. Performance evaluations are supported both graphically and pictorially. Expanded definitions of the algorithms in Part 1 yield a computationally improved set of options for applications requiring efficient performance at entropies above 4 bits/sample. These expanded definitions include as an important subset, a somewhat less efficient but extremely simple "FAST' compressor which will be used at the Voyager Uranus encounter. Additionally, options are provided which enhance performance when atypical data spikes may be present.

  8. Supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear fibers using amplified noise-like optical pulses.

    PubMed

    Lin, Shih-Shian; Hwang, Sheng-Kwang; Liu, Jia-Ming

    2014-02-24

    Supercontinuum generation in a highly nonlinear fiber pumped by noise-like pulses from an erbium-doped fiber ring laser is investigated. To generate ultrabroad spectra, a fiber amplifier is used to boost the power launched into the highly nonlinear fiber. After amplification, not only the average power of the noise-like pulses is enhanced but the spectrum of the pulses is also broadened due to nonlinear effects in the fiber amplifier. This leads to a reduction of the peak duration in their autocorrelation trace, suggesting a similar extent of pulse compression; by contrast, the pedestal duration increases only slightly, suggesting that the noise-like characteristic is maintained. By controlling the pump power of the fiber amplifier, the compression ratio of the noise-like pulse duration can be adjusted. Due to the pulse compression, supercontinuum generation with a broader spectrum is therefore feasible at a given average power level of the noise-like pulses launched into the highly nonlinear fiber. As a result, supercontinuum generation with an optical spectrum spanning from 1208 to 2111 nm is achieved using a 1-m nonlinear fiber pumped by amplified noise-like pulses of 15.5 MHz repetition rate at an average power of 202 mW. PMID:24663739

  9. Multiwavelength line-rate-independent optical digital cross-connects based on low-gain fiber amplifiers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Yung-Kuang; Way, Winston I.

    1994-09-01

    We experimentally demonstrated a multiwavelength, line-rate independent optical digital cross-connect system (DCS) by using cascaded low-gain erbium-doped fiber amplifiers as the switching elements in a dilated Benes architecture.

  10. Influence of optical pumping wavelength on the ultrafast gain and phase recovery acceleration of quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Jungho

    2013-10-01

    We numerically investigate the influence of the optical pumping wavelength on the ultrafast gain and phase recovery acceleration of quantum-dot (QD) semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOAs) by solving 1088 coupled rate equations. The temporal variations of the gain and phase recovery response at the ground state (GS) of QDs are calculated at various signal wavelengths when the optical pumping wavelengths at the excited state (ES) of QDs are varied. The phase recovery response is fastest when the wavelength of the signal and pumping beams corresponds to the respective emission wavelength of the GS and the ES in the same size of QDs. The absorption efficiency of the optical pumping beam at the ES is determined by the Lorentzian line shape function of the homogeneous broadening.

  11. Structural modification of semiconductor optical amplifiers for wavelength division multiplexing systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Surinder

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, the semiconductor optical amplifier is analyzed for in-line and pre-amplifier for wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) transmission having minimum crosstalk and power penalty with sufficient gain. It is evaluated that the cross gain saturation of the SOA can be reduced by settling crosstalk at lower level and also minimizing the power penalty by slight increase in the confinement factor. At an optimal confinement factor of 0.41069, high amplification is obtained up to saturation power of 20.804 mW. For this confinement factor, low crosstalk of -9.63 dB and amplified spontaneous emission noise power of 119.4 μW are obtained for -15 dBm input signal. It has been demonstrated for the first time that twenty channels at 10 Gb/s WDM can transmit up to 5600 km by use of this optimization. In this, cascading of in-line SOA is done at the span of 70 km for return zero differential phase shift keying modulation format with the channel spacing of 100 GHz. The optical power spectrum and clear eye are observed at the transmission distance of 4340 and 5600 km in RZ-DPSK system. The bit error rate for all channels increases more than 10 -10 with the increase in launched input power.

  12. Macroscopic Differential Phase Shift Quantum Key Distribution Using an Optically Pre-Amplified Receiver

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kukita, Tatsuya; Takada, Hiroshi; Inoue, Kyo

    2010-12-01

    Since it was noted that quantum computers could break public key cryptosystems based on number theory, extensive studies have been undertaken on quantum cryptography, which offers unconditionally secure communication based on quantum mechanics. We investigate a quantum key distribution (QKD) scheme using macroscopic coherent light with optically pre-amplified direct differential detection. A transmitter “Alice” sends a series of two macroscopic nonorthogonal coherent states that partially overlap due to quantum noise. A receiver “Bob” amplifies and receives it with direct differential detection followed by a thresholding process. To avoid difficulties in detection, our scheme uses conventional direct differential photodetection, not single-photon detection or homodyne detection as in previous QKD protocols. System performance assuming some eavesdropping is evaluated, the results of which suggest that our scheme is usable for short or medium distance.

  13. Experimental demonstration of enhanced self-amplified spontaneous emission by an optical klystron.

    PubMed

    Penco, G; Allaria, E; De Ninno, G; Ferrari, E; Giannessi, L

    2015-01-01

    We report the first experimental evidence of enhancement of self-amplified spontaneous emission, due to the use of an optical klystron. In this free-electron laser scheme, a relativistic electron beam passes through two undulators, separated by a dispersive section. The latter converts the electron-beam energy modulation produced in the first undulator in density modulation, thus enhancing the free-electron laser gain. The experiment has been carried out at the FERMI facility in Trieste. Powerful radiation has been produced in the extreme ultraviolet range, with an intensity a few orders of magnitude larger than in pure self-amplified spontaneous emission mode. Data have been benchmarked with an existing theoretical model. PMID:25615469

  14. Experimental Demonstration of Enhanced Self-Amplified Spontaneous Emission by an Optical Klystron

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Penco, G.; Allaria, E.; De Ninno, G.; Ferrari, E.; Giannessi, L.

    2015-01-01

    We report the first experimental evidence of enhancement of self-amplified spontaneous emission, due to the use of an optical klystron. In this free-electron laser scheme, a relativistic electron beam passes through two undulators, separated by a dispersive section. The latter converts the electron-beam energy modulation produced in the first undulator in density modulation, thus enhancing the free-electron laser gain. The experiment has been carried out at the FERMI facility in Trieste. Powerful radiation has been produced in the extreme ultraviolet range, with an intensity a few orders of magnitude larger than in pure self-amplified spontaneous emission mode. Data have been benchmarked with an existing theoretical model.

  15. Design and analysis of optically pumped submillimeter waveguide maser amplifiers and oscillators

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Galantowicz, T. A.

    1975-01-01

    The design and experimental measurements are described of an optically pumped far-infrared (FIR) waveguide maser; preliminary measurements on a FIR waveguide amplifier are presented. The FIR maser was found to operate satisfactorily in a chopped CW mode using either methanol (CH3OH) or acetonitrile (CH3CN) as the active molecule. Two other gases, difluoroethane and difluoroethylene, produced an unstable output with high threshold and low output power when operated in the chopped CW mode. Experimental measurements include FIR output versus cavity length, output beam pattern, output power versus pressure, and input power. The FIR output was the input to an amplifier which was constructed similar to the oscillator. An increase of 10% in output power was noted on the 118.8 microns line of methanol.

  16. Optical similaritons in a tapered graded-index nonlinear-fiber amplifier with an external source

    SciTech Connect

    Raju, Thokala Soloman; Panigrahi, Prasanta K.

    2011-09-15

    We analytically explore a wide class of optical similariton solutions to the nonlinear Schroedinger equation appropriately modified to model beam propagation in a tapered, graded-index nonlinear-fiber amplifier with an external source. Under certain physical conditions, we reduce the coupled nonlinear Schroedinger equations to a single-wave equation that aptly describes similariton propagation through asymmetric twin-core fiber amplifiers. The asymmetric twin-core fiber is composed of two adjoining, closely spaced, single-mode fibers in which the active one is a tapered, graded-index nonlinear-fiber and the passive one is a step-index fiber. We obtain these self-similar waves for different choices of tapered index profile, using a Moebius transformation. Our procedure is applicable for both self-focusing and self-defocusing nonlinearities.

  17. Tandem chirped quasi-phase-matching grating optical parametric amplifier design for simultaneous group delay and gain control.

    PubMed

    Charbonneau-Lefort, M; Fejer, M M; Afeyan, Bedros

    2005-03-15

    We present a broadband optical parametric amplifier design using tapered gain and tandem chirped quasi-phase-matching gratings to obtain flat gain and group-delay spectra suitable for applications such as ultrashort-pulse amplification and fiber-optic communication systems. Although a tapered-gain amplifier consisting of a single chirped grating can provide constant gain over a wide frequency range, it cannot be used to control the group delay across the spectrum. We propose controlling both the gain and the group delay profiles using a two-stage amplifier configuration, in which the idler of the first is used as the input signal of the second. PMID:15792000

  18. Reduction of amplified spontaneous emission from a transmitted soliton signal using a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror and a nonlinear optical loop mirror

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamada, Eiichi; Nakazawa, Masataka

    1994-08-01

    The amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) from concatenated erbium-doped fiber amplifiers (EDFA's) in a 10 Gb / s 500 km soliton transmission system has been successfully reduced through the use of a nonlinear amplifying-loop mirror (NALM). By using the NALM the ratio of the signal peak to ASE was improved from 17.4:1 to 24.9:1. A similar result was obtained for a nonlinear optical-loop mirror (NOLM) with a 6:4 directional coupler. It is noted that pulse transmission through the NALM or the NOLM gives rise to frequency chirp, which means that these fiber devices are not appropriate for use at the midpoint of a long-distance soliton transmission. The chirp characteristics caused by the NALM were also described and the optimum condition for nonlinear switching was obtained.

  19. A flexible receiver with fiber optical parametric amplifier in OCDMA-FSO communication system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xia, Min; Yuan, Jin-hui; Sang, Xin-zhu; Yin, Xiao-li; Rao, Lan; Yu, Chong-xiu

    2014-11-01

    A new receiver is proposed, which uses the fiber optical parametric amplifier (FOPA) in optical code division multiple access (OCDMA) over free space optic (FSO) communication system. The noise tolerance as the performance index in this receiver is derived. The receiver can not only improve the noise tolerance but also change the pump data conveniently for adapting to the length variation of the coding sequence under a complex and fast-changing weather condition. The influence of different factors on the noise tolerance is analyzed, and a significant improvement of about 18.77 dB for the noise tolerance can be achieved when the pump power and the length of coding sequence are 5 W and 256, respectively.

  20. Dispersion-compensating dual-mode optical fibers desirable for erbium-doped-fiber-amplified systems

    SciTech Connect

    Eguchi, Masashi

    2001-06-01

    A broadband dispersion-compensating dual-mode optical fiber with a double-layer profile core is proposed to compensate for positive dispersion in conventional single-mode optical fibers operating near 1.55 {mu}m. This wavelength band is suitable for erbium-doped-fiber-amplified systems. It is known that the first higher-order mode of dual-mode fibers exhibits large negative waveguide dispersion, and double-layer profile core fibers are dispersion-shifted fibers whose transmission and bending losses are lower than those of simple core-cladding dispersion-shifted fibers. Such advantages are attractive for commercial devices or modules. Here, a dispersion-compensating dual-mode fiber with a double-layer profile core that satisfies both low bending loss and broadband dispersion compensation is proposed. {copyright} 2001 Optical Society of America

  1. Experimental demonstration of slow and superluminal light in semiconductor optical amplifiers.

    PubMed

    Pesala, Bala; Chen, Zhangyuan; Uskov, Alexander V; Chang-Hasnain, Connie

    2006-12-25

    Tunable delays in semiconductor optical amplifiers are achieved via four wave mixing between a strong pump beam and a modulated probe beam. The delay of the probe beam can be controlled both electrically, by changing the SOA bias, and optically, by varying the pump power or the pump-probe detuning. For sinusoidal modulated signal at 0.5 GHz, a tunable delay of 1.6 ns is achieved. This corresponds to a RF phase change of 1.6 pi. For 1.3 ns optical pulses propagating through the SOA a delay of 0.59 ns is achieved corresponding to a delay-bandwidth product exceeding 0.45. For both the cases, slow light and superluminal light are observed as the pump-probe detuning is varied. PMID:19532190

  2. High speed semiconductor optical amplifiers and their performance in pseudo-random bit-stream generation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dutta, N. K.; Ma, S.; Chen, Z.

    2009-06-01

    Semiconductor optical amplifiers are important for wide range of applications including optical networks, optical tomography and optical logic systems. For many of these applications particularly for optical networks and optical logic high speed performance of the SOA is important. The speed of operation of SOA is limited by the gain and phase recovery times in the SOA. We have demonstrated higher speed operation (i) for SOAs with a carrier reservoir layer, (ii) for SOAs with a multi-quantum well modulation doped active region, and, (iii) for SOAs with a quantum dot (QD) active region. The multi-quantum well SOA has been integrated with InGaAsP/InP based waveguides to build Mach- Zehnder interferometers (MZI). XOR optical logic has been demonstrated at 80 Gb/s using these SOA-MZI structures. XOR operation has been analyzed by solving the rate equation of the SOA, for SOAs with both regular and QD active region. Mach-Zehnder interferometers fabricated using SOA with quantum dot active region (QD-SOA) can be used for XOR operation at 250 Gb/s. Pseudo random bit stream (PRBS) generation using both regular and QD-SOA have been studied and their performance modeled. The model shows QD-SOA based devices can be used to produce PRBS generators that operate near 250 Gb/s.

  3. Amplified picosecond diode lasers for diffuse optical imaging and spectroscopy of tissue

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Erdmann, R.; Langkopf, M.; Lauritsen, K.; Bulter, A.; Wahl, M.; Wabnitz, H.; Liebert, A.; Moller, M.; Schmitt, T.

    2005-04-01

    Optical techniques based on photon migration are rapidly emerging as a promising alternative and/or augmentation of existing medical imaging modalities. For example, real time studies of hemodynamic changes in brain tissue are possible as a step towards optical functional brain imaging. Time-resolved implementations of these techniques allow for discrimination between scattering and absorption and for depth resolution. They require sub-nanosecond pulsed light sources with high repetition rate and sufficient power for deep enough tissue penetration. Picosecond diode lasers satisfy the clinical demands of economy, compact size, and reliability almost perfectly. Today multi-channel diode laser devices are commercially available and are widely used in diffuse optical imaging and spectroscopy, in particular in optical tomography and breast cancer detection. However, the output powers of these devices are just about sufficient for moderate tissue penetration depths. An improvement that does not compromise the advantages of the diode laser sources is amplification of the diode laser output by means of solid state tapered amplifiers. We present an amplified light source for use in NIR diffuse optical spectroscopy and imaging, providing pulse widths as short as 100 ps, adjustable repetition rates up to 80 MHz, and peak power levels as high as 7 Watts, corresponding to average power levels exceeding 100 mW. In combination with time-resolved photon counting electronics matching the high throughput demands in conjunction with the new source, state-of-the-art systems for diffuse optical imaging can be built. System design features and possible application examples are presented.

  4. Comparison of free-electron laser amplifiers based on a step-tapered optical klystron and a conventional tapered wiggler

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Freund, H. P.

    2013-06-01

    Free-electron laser amplifiers have been operated at high efficiency at wavelengths from the microwave through the visible. Typically, these amplifiers require long tapered sections and produce spent beams with large energy spreads that are 4-5 times the electronic efficiency. In addition, while optical guiding during exponential growth in the uniform wiggler section confines the optical mode, the guiding disappears in the tapered wiggler section resulting in a relatively large optical mode at the wiggler exit. Optical klystrons consist of a Modulator wiggler that induces a velocity modulation on the electron beam followed by a magnetic dispersive section that enhances the velocity modulation prior to injection into a second, radiator wiggler. Optical klystrons have been operated over a broad spectral range; however, no optical klystron has been built with a tapered radiator wiggler. A comparison between a optical klystron with a step-tapered Radiator wiggler and a conventional tapered wiggler amplifier is analyzed in this paper. The purpose of the step taper is to both enhance the efficiency and to extend the range of the exponential gain and so preserve the optical guiding over a longer interaction length. The step-tapered optical klystron and a tapered wiggler amplifier are compared for a nominal set of parameters to determine the differences in the efficiency, interaction length, spent beam energy spread, and the size of the optical mode at the wiggler exit.

  5. 110 nm versatile fiber optical parametric amplifier at 1.0 μm.

    PubMed

    Wei, Xiaoming; Tan, Sisi; Mussot, Arnaud; Kudlinski, Alexandre; Tsia, Kevin K; Wong, Kenneth K Y

    2015-09-01

    The fiber optical parametric amplifier (FOPA) has been well investigated and widely adopted at the telecommunication window, and outstanding progress has been achieved in areas such as high gain, wide bandwidths, and even flexible gain-spectrum shape. In contrast, a FOPA at the bio-favorable window, 1.0 μm, has been largely underexploited, especially for its relatively limited bandwidth. Here, we demonstrate an all-fiber single-pump FOPA at 1.0 μm with versatile performances, including ultrahigh gain (∼52  dB), wide bandwidth (∼110  nm), and good gain-spectrum flatness (∼3  dB). To showcase the practical applications, the FOPA is utilized to amplify the broadband optical image signal from a spectrally encoded microscopy, yielding a sensitivity enhancement of 47 dB. Thus, it is promising that this all-fiber versatile FOPA works well as an add-on module in boosting sensitivity for existing optical systems at a 1.0 μm window. PMID:26368719

  6. Fast gain and phase recovery of semiconductor optical amplifiers based on submonolayer quantum dots

    SciTech Connect

    Herzog, Bastian Owschimikow, Nina; Kaptan, Yücel; Kolarczik, Mirco; Switaiski, Thomas; Woggon, Ulrike; Schulze, Jan-Hindrik; Rosales, Ricardo; Strittmatter, André; Bimberg, Dieter; Pohl, Udo W.

    2015-11-16

    Submonolayer quantum dots as active medium in opto-electronic devices promise to combine the high density of states of quantum wells with the fast recovery dynamics of self-assembled quantum dots. We investigate the gain and phase recovery dynamics of a semiconductor optical amplifier based on InAs submonolayer quantum dots in the regime of linear operation by one- and two-color heterodyne pump-probe spectroscopy. We find an as fast recovery dynamics as for quantum dot-in-a-well structures, reaching 2 ps at moderate injection currents. The effective quantum well embedding the submonolayer quantum dots acts as a fast and efficient carrier reservoir.

  7. Performance analysis of bi-directional broadband passive optical network using erbium-doped fiber amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Almalaq, Yasser; Matin, Mohammad A.

    2014-09-01

    The broadband passive optical network (BPON) has the ability to support high-speed data, voice, and video services to home and small businesses customers. In this work, the performance of bi-directional BPON is analyzed for both down and up streams traffic cases by the help of erbium doped fiber amplifier (EDFA). The importance of BPON is reduced cost. Because PBON uses a splitter the cost of the maintenance between the providers and the customers side is suitable. In the proposed research, BPON has been tested by the use of bit error rate (BER) analyzer. BER analyzer realizes maximum Q factor, minimum bit error rate, and eye height.

  8. Angular-dispersion-induced spatiotemporal aberrations in noncollinear optical parametric amplifiers

    SciTech Connect

    Bromage, Jake; Dorrer, Christophe; Zuegel, Jonathan D.

    2010-01-01

    We characterize spatiotemporal aberrations induced in noncollinear optical parametric amplifiers (NOPAs), for the first time (to our knowledge), using spatially resolved spectral interferometry. Measurements show that when the submillimeter pump and signal beams are not correctly aligned, several degrees of pulse-front tilt caused by angular dispersion are introduced by the NOPA angular-dependent gain, without significant loss of bandwidth. After eliminating the pulse-front tilt, analysis of the residual higher-order aberrations shows that far-field intensities reaching 80% of the theoretical limit can be achieved without complex spatiospectral phase optimization.

  9. Enhanced optical squeezing from a degenerate parametric amplifier via time-delayed coherent feedback

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Német, Nikolett; Parkins, Scott

    2016-08-01

    A particularly simple setup is introduced to study the influence of time-delayed coherent feedback on the optical squeezing properties of the degenerate parametric amplifier. The possibility for significantly enhanced squeezing is demonstrated both on resonance and in sidebands, at a reduced pump power compared to the case without feedback. We study a broad range of operating parameters and their influence on the characteristic squeezing of the system. A classical analysis of the system dynamics reveals the connection between the feedback-modified landscape of stability and enhanced squeezing.

  10. Injection-seeded optical parametric amplifier for generating chirped nanosecond pulses.

    PubMed

    Miyake, Shinichirou; Ohshima, Yasuhiro

    2013-03-11

    We constructed an optical parametric amplifier with BiBO crystals, which was injection seeded by a phase-modulated cw beam in the 1,040-1,070 nm region. Two-stage pre-amplification by Yb-doped fibers were implemented for stable injection to the OPA. The frequency chirp in the OPA pulse was actively controlled by adjusting the RF wave for the phase modulation and its synchronization to the OPA firing. Down/up chirps with up to 500 MHz shift were demonstrated. The output pulse energy was ~40 mJ, which is sufficient for future application of frequency conversion and coherent population transfer. PMID:23482098

  11. Response enhancement of deeply saturated fiber optic parametric amplifier via inhomogeneous fiber.

    PubMed

    Nissim, Ron R; Radic, Stojan

    2014-11-17

    Deeply saturated fiber optic parametric amplifiers can have very high performance. While it's a common practice to model the fiber as a longitudinally homogenous entity, we show that the inhomogeneous nature of the fiber leads to a greater performance level which is neither accessible nor accountable using the homogenous model. This indicates that some experimental results cannot be predicted using the homogenous fiber model, even in principle. Consequently, future studies on the performance limit of the system will have to include an inhomogeneous fiber model. PMID:25402022

  12. Figures of merit for microwave photonic phase shifters based on semiconductor optical amplifiers.

    PubMed

    Sancho, Juan; Lloret, Juan; Gasulla, Ivana; Sales, Salvador; Capmany, José

    2012-05-01

    We theoretically and experimentally compare the performance of two fully tunable phase shifter structures based on semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOA) by means of several figures of merit common to microwave photonic systems. A single SOA stage followed by a tailored notch filter is compared with a cascaded implementation comprising three SOA-based phase shifter stages. Attention is focused on the assessment of the RF net gain, noise figure and nonlinear distortion. Recommendations on the performance optimization of this sort of approaches are detailed. PMID:22565677

  13. Wavelength-division-multiplexed distributed optical fiber amplifier bus network for data and sensors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lopez-Amo, Manuel; Blair, Loudon T.; Urquhart, Paul

    1993-07-01

    A wavelength-division-multiplexed distributed optical fiber amplifier bus network was constructed, using five 150-m sections of lightly doped Er fiber to provide signal amplification and four 1 x 2 directional couplers to tap the signal to four Bragg reflectors. The performance of the bus network was studied at different signal wavelengths, and the network topology suitable for simultaneous transmission of data and wavelength multiplexing of sensors was considered. Such an approach can increase the use of fiber-based local-area networks in intelligent (smart) structures.

  14. Note: Efficient generation of optical sidebands at GHz with a high-power tapered amplifier

    SciTech Connect

    Zappala, J. C.; Lu, Z.-T.; Bailey, K.; O’Connor, T. P.; Jiang, W.

    2014-04-15

    Two methods using a laser-diode tapered amplifier to produce high-power, high-efficiency optical frequency sidebands over a wide tunable frequency range are studied and compared. For a total output of 500 mW at 811 nm, 20% of the power can be placed in each of the first-order sidebands. Functionality and characterization are presented within the sideband frequency region of 0.8–2.3 GHz, and it is shown that both methods can be applied beyond this frequency range. These methods provide a versatile and effective tool for atomic physics experiments.

  15. Note: efficient generation of optical sidebands at GHz with a high-power tapered amplifier.

    PubMed

    Zappala, J C; Bailey, K; Lu, Z-T; O'Connor, T P; Jiang, W

    2014-04-01

    Two methods using a laser-diode tapered amplifier to produce high-power, high-efficiency optical frequency sidebands over a wide tunable frequency range are studied and compared. For a total output of 500 mW at 811 nm, 20% of the power can be placed in each of the first-order sidebands. Functionality and characterization are presented within the sideband frequency region of 0.8-2.3 GHz, and it is shown that both methods can be applied beyond this frequency range. These methods provide a versatile and effective tool for atomic physics experiments. PMID:24784682

  16. Note: Efficient generation of optical sidebands at GHz with a high-power tapered amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zappala, J. C.; Bailey, K.; Lu, Z.-T.; O'Connor, T. P.; Jiang, W.

    2014-04-01

    Two methods using a laser-diode tapered amplifier to produce high-power, high-efficiency optical frequency sidebands over a wide tunable frequency range are studied and compared. For a total output of 500 mW at 811 nm, 20% of the power can be placed in each of the first-order sidebands. Functionality and characterization are presented within the sideband frequency region of 0.8-2.3 GHz, and it is shown that both methods can be applied beyond this frequency range. These methods provide a versatile and effective tool for atomic physics experiments.

  17. Asymmetric MQW semiconductor optical amplifier with low-polarization sensitivity of over 90-nm bandwidth

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nkanta, Julie E.; Maldonado-Basilio, Ramón; Abdul-Majid, Sawsan; Zhang, Jessica; Hall, Trevor J.

    2013-12-01

    An exhausted capacity of current Passive Optical Networks has been anticipated as bandwidth-hungry applications such as HDTV and 3D video become available to end-users. To enhance their performance, the next generation optical access networks have been proposed, using optical carriers allocated within the E-band (1360-1460 nm). It is partly motivated by the low-water peak fiber being manufactured by Corning. At these wavelengths, choices for low cost optical amplifiers, with compact size, low energy consumption and feasibility for integration with other optoelectronic components are limited, making the semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOA) a realistic solution. An experimental characterization of a broadband and low polarization sensitive asymmetric multi quantum well (MQW) SOA operating in the E-band is reported. The SOA device is composed of nine 6 nm In1-xGaxAsyP1-y 0.2% tensile strained asymmetric MQW layers sandwiched between nine latticed matched 6 nm InGaAsP barrier layers. The active region is grown on an n-doped InP substrate and buried by p-doped InGaAsP layers. The SOA devices have 7-degrees tilt anti-reflected coated facets, with 2 μm ridge width, and a cavity length of 900 μm. For input powers of -10 dBm and -20 dBm, a maximum gain of 20 dB at 1360 nm with a polarization insensitivity under 3 dB for over 90 nm bandwidth is measured. Polarization sensitivity of less than 0.5 dB is observed for some wavelengths. Obtained results indicate a promising SOA with broadband amplification, polarization insensitivity and high gain. These SOAs were designed and characterized at the Photonics Technology Laboratory, University of Ottawa, Canada.

  18. Subluminal optical pulse propagation in amplifying media and temperature controlled laser action in scattering media

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Kijoon

    In the first half of the thesis, we investigated methods of controlling the group velocity of an optical probe pulse by another optical pulse. We focused on the gain linecenter region of an optical amplifier where group velocity can be very small due to the large dispersion. We made use of an optically pumped barium nitrate (Ba(NO3)2) Raman crystal to delay a probe pulse which is tuned to the Raman gain center, and measured the delay time as a function of pump pulse intensity. Within the intensity region where no significant amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) occurs, we observed pulse delays greater than the input pulse width and obtained predictions based on quasi-steady state Raman gain estimates. We also theoretically studied group velocity control in an optically pumped far-infrared (OPFIR) molecular gas amplifier system, where even larger group velocity reductions are expected due to the extremely narrow low-pressure gain linewidth. By using a 5-level model of a molecular gas, the change of group velocity was calculated as a function of pump beam intensity and gas pressure, and a minimum achievable value of the group velocity was estimated. Furthermore, the effect of static electric field was studied, where the selection rule-dependent level splitting by the DC Stark effect alters the gain lineshape, and hence the group velocity. In the second half, we experimentally and theoretically studied the emission characteristics from a novel random laser system where scattering power can be controlled by temperature. Our system is a laser dye-dissolved aqueous solution of hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC) which has a lower critical solution temperature (LCST) at ˜41°C. When pumped with optical pulses, this system exhibits drastic spectral narrowing of emission with increasing temperature. A numerical calculation was performed by using a ring laser model developed for non-coherent random laser system, and the results were compared with the experimental linewidth vs

  19. An optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier for seeding high repetition rate free-electron lasers

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Höppner, H.; Hage, A.; Tanikawa, T.; Schulz, M.; Riedel, R.; Teubner, U.; Prandolini, M. J.; Faatz, B.; Tavella, F.

    2015-05-15

    High repetition rate free-electron lasers (FEL), producing highly intense extreme ultraviolet and x-ray pulses, require new high power tunable femtosecond lasers for FEL seeding and FEL pump-probe experiments. A tunable, 112 W (burst mode) optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier (OPCPA) is demonstrated with center frequencies ranging from 720–900 nm, pulse energies up to 1.12 mJ and a pulse duration of 30 fs at a repetition rate of 100 kHz. Since the power scalability of this OPCPA is limited by the OPCPA-pump amplifier, we also demonstrate a 6.7–13.7 kW (burst mode) thin-disk OPCPA-pump amplifier, increasing the possible OPCPA output power to manymore » hundreds of watts. Furthermore, third and fourth harmonic generation experiments are performed and the results are used to simulate a seeded FEL with high-gain harmonic generation.« less

  20. S+C+L broadband source based on semiconductor optical amplifiers and erbium-doped fiber for optical coherence tomography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carrion, L.; Beitel, D.; Lee, K. L.; Jain, A.; Chen, L. R.; Maciejko, R.; Nirmalathas, A.

    2007-06-01

    Broadband sources (BBSs) are commonly used in a wide range of applications in optical communication systems and biophotonics. They are particularly useful tools for Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), which is a biomedical imaging technique that uses low-coherence light sources. In order to obtain high image quality, we have developed a novel, spectrally-flat S+C+L band source with > 120 nm bandwidth and more than 4 mW output power based on two cascaded semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOA) mixed with an Erbium-doped fiber (EDF) amplifier. Bandwidth and output power improvements are achieved by modifying the former configuration and mixing the EDF with the first SOA before amplification in the second SOA. This configuration results in bandwidth and output power enhancements of up to 146 nm and 8 mW, respectively. The source was then tested in an OCT system. It gives a 10 μm FWHM, low sidelobe OCT autocorrelation trace. Images and OCT autocorrelation traces were compared for the two aforementioned (which two; you mentioned one?) configurations. Images of miscellaneous samples made with the BBS show an image aspect and sharpness that is comparable with more expensive sources such as Ti:Sapphire lasers.

  1. Monolithically integrated quantum dot optical gain modulator with semiconductor optical amplifier for 10-Gb/s photonic transmission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamamoto, Naokatsu; Akahane, Kouichi; Umezawa, Toshimasa; Kawanishi, Tetsuya

    2015-03-01

    Short-range interconnection and/or data center networks require high capacity and a large number of channels in order to support numerous connections. Solutions employed to meet these requirements involve the use of alternative wavebands to increase the usable optical frequency range. We recently proposed the use of the T- and O-bands (Thousand band: 1000-1260 nm, Original band: 1260-1360 nm) as alternative wavebands because large optical frequency resources (>60 THz) can be easily employed. In addition, a simple and compact Gb/s-order high-speed optical modulator is a critical photonic device for short-range communications. Therefore, to develop an optical modulator that acts as a highfunctional photonic device, we focused on the use of self-assembled quantum dots (QDs) as a three-dimensional (3D) confined structure because QD structures are highly suitable for realizing broadband optical gain media in the T+O bands. In this study, we use the high-quality broadband QD optical gain to develop a monolithically integrated QD optical gain modulator (QD-OGM) device that has a semiconductor optical amplifier (QD-SOA) for Gb/s-order highspeed optical data generation in the 1.3-μm waveband. The insertion loss of the device can be compensated through the SOA, and we obtained an optical gain change of up to ~7 dB in the OGM section. Further, we successfully demonstrate a 10-Gb/s clear eye opening using the QD-OGM/SOA device with a clock-data recovery sequence at the receiver end. These results suggest that the monolithic QD-EOM/SOA is suitable for increasing the number of wavelength channels for smart short-range communications.

  2. Highly Efficient Tabletop Optical Parametric Chirped Pulse Amplifier at 1 (micron)m

    SciTech Connect

    Jovanovic, I.; Ebbers, C.A.; Comaskey, B.J.; Bonner, R.A.; Morse, E.C.

    2001-12-04

    Optical parametric chirped pulse amplification (OPCPA) is a scalable technology, for ultrashort pulse amplification. Its major advantages include design simplicity, broad bandwidth, tunability, low B-integral, high contrast, and high beam quality. OPCPA is suitable both for scaling to high peak power as well as high average power. We describe the amplification of stretched 100 fs oscillator pulses in a three-stage OPCPA system pumped by a commercial, single-longitudinal-mode, Q-switched Nd:YAG laser. The stretched pulses were centered around 1054 nm with a FWHM bandwidth of 16.5 nm and had an energy of 0.5 nJ. Using our OPCPA system, we obtained an amplified pulse energy of up to 31 mJ at a 10 Hz repetition rate. The overall conversion efficiency from pump to signal is 6%, which is the highest efficiency obtained With a commercial tabletop pump laser to date. The overall conversion efficiency is limited due to the finite temporal overlap of the seed (3 ns) with respect to the duration of the pump (8.5 ns). Within the temporal window of the seed pulse the pump to signal conversion efficiency exceeds 20%. Recompression of the amplified signal was demonstrated to 310 fs, limited by the aberrations initially present in the low energy seed imparted by the pulse stretcher. The maximum gain in our OPCPA system is 6 x 10{sup 7}, obtained through single passing of 40 mm of beta-barium borate. We present data on the beam quality obtained from our system (M{sup 2}=1.1). This relatively simple system replaces a significantly more complex Ti:sapphire regenerative amplifier based CPA system used in the front end of a high energy short pulse laser. Future improvement will include obtaining shorter amplified pulses and higher average power.

  3. Wavelength-dependent femtosecond pulse amplification in wideband tapered-waveguide quantum well semiconductor optical amplifiers.

    PubMed

    Xia, Mingjun; Ghafouri-Shiraz, H

    2015-12-10

    In this paper, we study the wavelength-dependent amplification in three different wideband quantum well semiconductor optical amplifiers (QWAs) having conventional, exponentially tapered, and linearly tapered active region waveguide structures. A new theoretical model for tapered-waveguide QWAs considering the effect of lateral carrier density distribution and the strain effect in the quantum well is established based on a quantum well transmission line modeling method. The temporal and spectral characteristics of amplified femtosecond pulse are analyzed for each structure. It was found that, for the amplification of a single femtosecond pulse, the tapered-waveguide QWA provides higher saturation gain, and the output spectra of the amplified pulse in all three structures exhibit an apparent redshift and bandwidth narrowing due to the reduction of carrier density; however, the output spectrum in the tapered-waveguide amplifier is less distorted and exhibits smaller bandwidth narrowing. For the simultaneous amplification of two femtosecond pulses with different central frequencies, in all the three structures, two peaks appear in the output spectra while the peak at the frequency closer to the peak frequency of the QWA gain spectrum receives higher amplification due to the frequency (wavelength) dependence of the QWA gain. At a low peak power level of the input pulse, the bandwidth of each window in the tapered structure is larger than that of the conventional waveguide structure, which aggravates the spectrum alias in the amplification of femtosecond pulses with different central frequencies. As the peak powers of the two pulses increase, the spectrum alias in the conventional waveguide becomes more serious while there are small changes in the tapered structures. Also, we have found that in the amplification of a femtosecond pulse train, the linear-tapered QWAs exhibit the fastest gain recovery as compared with the conventional and exponentially tapered QWAs. PMID

  4. Nematicon-driven injection of amplified spontaneous emission into an optical fiber.

    PubMed

    Bolis, Serena; Virgili, Tersilla; Rajendran, Sai Kiran; Beeckman, Jeroen; Kockaert, Pascal

    2016-05-15

    We investigate experimentally the interaction between amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) and a soliton, which are both generated in a dye-doped nematic liquid crystal (LC) cell. A light beam is injected through an optical fiber slid into the cell to form a soliton beam. ASE is then automatically collected by this self-induced waveguide and efficiently coupled into the same optical fiber, in the backward direction. We demonstrate that the presence of the soliton improves the ASE collection by one order of magnitude. We also show that the ASE is highly polarized in the plane of the LC cell and that the ASE spectrum depends on the pump stripe orientation with respect to the LC director. The origin of the spectral anisotropy of the gain curves is determined with the help of femtosecond pump-probe spectroscopy. PMID:27176973

  5. Start-to-end modelling of a mode-locked optical klystron free electron laser amplifier

    SciTech Connect

    Dunning, D. J.; Thompson, N. R.; Mc Neil, B. W. J.; Williams, P. H.

    2011-07-15

    A free electron laser (FEL) in a mode-locked optical klystron (MLOK) configuration is modelled using start-to-end simulations that simulate realistic electron beam acceleration and transport before input into a full three-dimensional FEL simulation code. These simulations demonstrate that the MLOK scheme is compatible with the present generation of radiofrequency accelerator designs. A train of few-optical cycle pulses is predicted with peak powers similar to those of the equivalent conventional FEL amplifier. The role of electron beam energy modulation in these results is explained and the limitations of some simulation codes discussed. It is shown how seeding the FEL interaction using a High Harmonic seed laser can improve the coherence properties of the output.

  6. Amplifier-free slab-coupled optical waveguide optoelectronic oscillator systems.

    PubMed

    Loh, William; Yegnanarayanan, Siva; Klamkin, Jonathan; Duff, Shannon M; Plant, Jason J; O'Donnell, Frederick J; Juodawlkis, Paul W

    2012-08-13

    We demonstrate a free-running 3-GHz slab-coupled optical waveguide (SCOW) optoelectronic oscillator (OEO) with low phase-noise (<-120 dBc/Hz at 1-kHz offset) and ultra-low sidemode spurs. These sidemodes are indistinguishable from noise on a spectrum analyzer measurement (>88 dB down from carrier). The SCOW-OEO uses high-power low-noise SCOW components in a single-loop cavity employing 1.5-km delay. The noise properties of our SCOW external-cavity laser (SCOWECL) and SCOW photodiode (SCOWPD) are characterized and shown to be suitable for generation of high spectral purity microwave tones. Through comparisons made with SCOW-OEO topologies employing amplification, we observe the sidemode levels to be degraded by any amplifiers (optical or RF) introduced within the OEO cavity. PMID:23038600

  7. Fiber Bragg grating dynamic strain sensor using an adaptive reflective semiconductor optical amplifier source.

    PubMed

    Wei, Heming; Tao, Chuanyi; Zhu, Yinian; Krishnaswamy, Sridhar

    2016-04-01

    In this paper, a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier (RSOA) is configured to demodulate dynamic spectral shifts of a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) dynamic strain sensor. The FBG sensor and the RSOA source form an adaptive fiber cavity laser. As the reflective spectrum of the FBG sensor changes due to dynamic strains, the wavelength of the laser output shifts accordingly, which is subsequently converted into a corresponding phase shift and demodulated by an unbalanced Michelson interferometer. Due to the short transition time of the RSOA, the RSOA-FBG cavity can respond to dynamic strains at high frequencies extending to megahertz. A demodulator using a PID controller is used to compensate for low-frequency drifts induced by temperature and large quasi-static strains. As the sensitivity of the demodulator is a function of the optical path difference and the FBG spectral width, optimal parameters to obtain high sensitivity are presented. Multiplexing to demodulate multiple FBG sensors is also discussed. PMID:27139682

  8. Existence and stability of N-pulses on optical fibers with phase-sensitive amplifiers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sandstede, B.; Jones, C. K. R. T.; Alexander, J. C.

    1997-02-01

    The propagation of pulses in optical communication systems in which attenuation is compensated by phase-sensitive amplifiers is investigated. A central issue is whether optical fibers are capable of carrying several pieces of information at the same time. In this paper, multiple pulses are shown to exist for a fourth-order nonlinear diffusion model due to Kutz and co-workers (1994). Moreover, criteria are derived for determining which of these pulses are stable. The pulses arise in a reversible orbit-flip, a homoclinic bifurcation investigated here for the first time. Numerical simulations are used to study multiple pulses far away from the actual bifurcation point. They confirm that properties of the multiple pulses including their stability are surprisingly well-predicted by the analysis carried out near the bifurcation.

  9. Ground Demonstration of Planetary Gas Lidar Based on Optical Parametric Amplifier

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Numata, Kenji; Riris, Haris; Li, Steve; Wu, Stewart; Kawa, Stephen R.; Krainak, Michael; Abshire, James

    2012-01-01

    We report on the development effort of a nanosecond-pulsed optical parametric amplifier (OPA) for remote trace gas measurements for Mars and Earth. The OPA output has high spectral purity and is widely tunable both at near-infrared and mid-infrared wavelengths, with an optical-optica1 conversion efficiency of up to approx 39 %. Using this laser source, we demonstrated open-path measurements of CH4 (3291 nm and 1651 nm), CO2 (1573 nm), H2O (1652 nm), and CO (4764 nm) on the ground. The simplicity, tunability. and power scalability of the OPA make it a strong candidate for general planetary lidar instruments, which will offer important information on the origins of the planet's geology, atmosphere, and potential for biology,

  10. Semiconductor optical amplifier direct modulation with double-stage birefringent fiber loop

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Engel, Thomas; Rizou, Zoe V.; Zoiros, Kyriakos E.; Morel, Pascal

    2016-06-01

    The feasibility of cascading two birefringent fiber loops (BFLs) for directly modulating a conventional semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) at a faster data rate than that being possible by its limited electrical bandwidth is demonstrated for the first time. The experimental results reveal the improvements in the quality characteristics of the encoded signal compared to those achieved with a single-stage BFL. The observed trends are complemented by numerical simulations, which allow to investigate the impact of the double-stage BFL detuning and specify how this critical parameter must be selected for enhanced performance. Provided that it is properly tailored, the proposed optical notch filtering scheme efficiently compensates for the pattern-dependent SOA response and enables this element to be employed as intensity modulator with improved performance at enhanced data speeds.

  11. Frequency range selection method of trans-impedance amplifier for high sensitivity lock-in amplifier used in the optical sensors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, Chang-In; Jeon, Su-Jin; Hong, Nam-Pyo; Choi, Young-Wan

    2016-03-01

    Lock-in amplifier (LIA) has been proposed as a detection technique for optical sensors because it can measure low signal in high noise level. LIA uses synchronous method, so the input signal frequency is locked to a reference frequency that is used to carry out the measurements. Generally, input signal frequency of LIA used in optical sensors is determined by modulation frequency of optical signal. It is important to understand the noise characteristics of the trans-impedance amplifier (TIA) to determine the modulation frequency. The TIA has a frequency range in which noise is minimized by the capacitance of photo diode (PD) and the passive component of TIA feedback network. When the modulation frequency is determined in this range, it is possible to design a robust system to noise. In this paper, we propose a method for the determination of optical signal modulation frequency selection by using the noise characteristics of TIA. Frequency response of noise in TIA is measured by spectrum analyzer and minimum noise region is confirmed. The LIA and TIA circuit have been designed as a hybrid circuit. The optical sensor is modeled by the laser diode (LD) and photo diode (PD) and the modulation frequency was used as the input to the signal generator. The experiments were performed to compare the signal to noise ratio (SNR) of the minimum noise region and the others. The results clearly show that the SNR is enhanced in the minimum noise region of TIA.

  12. Why a Magnetized Quantum Wire can Act as AN Optical Amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kushwaha, Manvir

    We discuss the fundamental issues associated with the magnetoplasmon excitations in a semiconducting quantum wire characterized by a harmonic confining potential and subjected to an applied (perpendicular) magnetic field. The problem involves two length scales: l0 =√{ ℏ /m*ω0 } and lc =√{ ℏ /m*ωc } , which characterize the strengths of the confinement and the magnetic field (B). Essentially, we focus on the device aspects of the intersubband collective (magnetoroton) excitation, which observes a negative group velocity between maxon and roton. Existence of the negative group velocity is a clear manifestation of a medium with population inversion brought about due to a metastable state caused by the magnetic field that satisfies the condition B >Bth ; Bth being the threshold value below which the magnetoroton does not exist. A medium with an inverted population has the remarkable ability of amplifying a small optical signal of definite wavelength. An extensive scrutiny of the gain coefficient suggests an interesting and important application: the electronic device designed on the basis of such magnetoroton modes can act as an optical amplifier1.

  13. High efficiency 160 Gb/s all-optical wavelength converter based on terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer with quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Han, Huining; Zhang, Fangdi; Yang, Wei; Cai, Libo; Zhang, Min; Ye, Peida

    2007-11-01

    Proposed in this paper is a high efficient 160Gb/s all-optical wavelength converter based on terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer with quantum dot Semiconductor optical amplifier (QDSOA -TOAD). The performance of the wavelength converter under various operating conditions, such as different injected current densities, input pulse widths and input control pulse energies, is analyzed in terms of contrast ratio (CR) through numerical simulations. With the properly chosen parameters, a wavelength-converted signal with CR over 19.48 can be obtained.

  14. All-optical frequency upconversion of a quasi optical single sideband signal utilizing a nonlinear semiconductor optical amplifier for radio-over-fiber applications.

    PubMed

    Park, Minho; Song, Jong-In

    2011-11-21

    An all-optical frequency upconversion technique using a quasi optical single sideband (q-OSSB) signal in a nonlinear semiconductor optical amplifier (NSOA) for radio-over-fiber applications is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. An optical radio frequency signal (f(RF) = 37.5 GHz) in the form of a q-OSSB signal is generated by mixing an optical intermediate frequency (IF) signal (f(IF) = 2.5 GHz) with an optical local oscillator signal (f(LO) = 35 GHz) utilizing coherent population oscillation and cross gain modulation effects in an NSOA. The phase noise, conversion efficiency, spurious free dynamic range (SFDR), and transmission characteristics of the q-OSSB signal are investigated. PMID:22109476

  15. Phase and intensity characterization of femtosecond pulses from a chirped-pulse amplifier by frequency-resolved optical gating

    SciTech Connect

    Kohler, B.; Yakovlev, V.V.; Wilson, K.R.; Squier, J.; DeLong, K.W.; Trebino, R.

    1995-03-01

    Frequency-resolved optical gating (FROG) measurements were made to characterize pulses from a Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplified laser system. By characterizing both the pulse intensity and the phase, the FROG data provided the first direct observation to our knowledge of residual phase distortion in a chirped-pulse amplifier. The FROG technique was also used to measure the regenerative amplifier dispersion and to characterize an amplitude-shaped pulse. The data provide an experimental demonstration of the value of FROG for characterizing complex pulses, including tailored femtosecond pulses for quantum control.

  16. Comparison of Adaptive Optics and Phase-Conjugate Mirrors for Correction of Aberrations in Double-Pass Amplifiers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jackel, Steven; Moshe, Inon; Lavi, Raphy

    2003-02-01

    Correction of birefringence-induced effects (depolarization and bipolar focusing) were achieved in double-pass amplifiers by use of a Faraday rotator between the laser rod and the retroreflecting optic. A necessary condition was ray retrace. Retrace was limited by imperfect conjugate-beam fidelity and by nonreciprocal refractive indices. We compared various retroreflectors: stimulated-Brillouin-scatter phase-conjugate mirrors (PCMs), PCMs with rod-to-PCM relay imaging (IPCM), IPCMs with astigmatism-correcting adaptive optics, and all-adaptive-optics imaging variable-radius mirrors. Results with flash-lamp-pumped, Nd:Cr:GSGG double-pass amplifiers showed the superiority of adaptive optics over nonlinear optics retroreflectors in terms of maximum average power, improved beam quality, and broader oscillator pulse duration /bandwidth operating range. Hybrid PCM-adaptive optics retroreflectors yielded intermediate power /beam-quality results.

  17. Comparison of adaptive optics and phase-conjugate mirrors for correction of aberrations in double-pass amplifiers.

    PubMed

    Jackel, Steven; Moshe, Inon; Lavi, Raphy

    2003-02-20

    Correction of birefringence-induced effects (depolarization and bipolar focusing) were achieved in double-pass amplifiers by use of a Faraday rotator between the laser rod and the retroreflecting optic. A necessary condition was ray retrace. Retrace was limited by imperfect conjugate-beam fidelity and by nonreciprocal refractive indices. We compared various retroreflectors: stimulated-Brillouin-scatter phase-conjugate mirrors (PCMs), PCMs with rod-to-PCM relay imaging (IPCM), IPCMs with astigmatism-correcting adaptive optics, and all-adaptive-optic imaging variable-radius mirrors. Results with flash-lamp-pumped, Nd:Cr:GSGG double-pass amplifiers showed the superiority of adaptive optics over nonlinear optic retroreflectors in terms of maximum average power, improved beam quality, and broader oscillator pulse duration/bandwidth operating range. Hybrid PCM-adaptive optics retroreflectors yielded intermediate power/beam-quality results. PMID:12617213

  18. Algorithms for high-speed universal noiseless coding

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rice, Robert F.; Yeh, Pen-Shu; Miller, Warner

    1993-01-01

    This paper provides the basic algorithmic definitions and performance characterizations for a high-performance adaptive noiseless (lossless) 'coding module' which is currently under separate developments as single-chip microelectronic circuits at two NASA centers. Laboratory tests of one of these implementations recently demonstrated coding rates of up to 900 Mbits/s. Operation of a companion 'decoding module' can operate at up to half the coder's rate. The functionality provided by these modules should be applicable to most of NASA's science data. The hardware modules incorporate a powerful adaptive noiseless coder for 'standard form' data sources (i.e., sources whose symbols can be represented by uncorrelated nonnegative integers where the smaller integers are more likely than the larger ones). Performance close to data entries can be expected over a 'dynamic range' of from 1.5 to 12-15 bits/sample (depending on the implementation). This is accomplished by adaptively choosing the best of many Huffman equivalent codes to use on each block of 1-16 samples. Because of the extreme simplicity of these codes no table lookups are actually required in an implementation, thus leading to the expected very high data rate capabilities already noted.

  19. On the optimality of a universal noiseless coder

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yeh, Pen-Shu; Rice, Robert F.; Miller, Warner H.

    1993-01-01

    Rice developed a universal noiseless coding structure that provides efficient performance over an extremely broad range of source entropy. This is accomplished by adaptively selecting the best of several easily implemented variable length coding algorithms. Variations of such noiseless coders have been used in many NASA applications. Custom VLSI coder and decoder modules capable of processing over 50 million samples per second have been fabricated and tested. In this study, the first of the code options used in this module development is shown to be equivalent to a class of Huffman code under the Humblet condition, for source symbol sets having a Laplacian distribution. Except for the default option, other options are shown to be equivalent to the Huffman codes of a modified Laplacian symbol set, at specified symbol entropy values. Simulation results are obtained on actual aerial imagery over a wide entropy range, and they confirm the optimality of the scheme. Comparison with other known techniques are performed on several widely used images and the results further validate the coder's optimality.

  20. Effect of additional optical pumping injection into the ground-state ensemble on the gain and the phase recovery acceleration of quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Jungho

    2014-02-01

    The effect of additional optical pumping injection into the ground-state ensemble on the ultrafast gain and the phase recovery dynamics of electrically-driven quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers is numerically investigated by solving 1088 coupled rate equations. The ultrafast gain and the phase recovery responses are calculated with respect to the additional optical pumping power. Increasing the additional optical pumping power can significantly accelerate the ultrafast phase recovery, which cannot be done by increasing the injection current density.

  1. Ultra-wideband fiber optical parametric amplifier for spectrally-encoded microscopy (Conference Presentation)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wei, Xiaoming; Tan, Sisi; Mussot, Arnaud; Kudlinski, Alexandre; Tsia, Kevin K.; Wong, Kenneth

    2016-03-01

    Fiber optical parametric amplifier (FOPA) has gained its popularity in the telecommunication systems at the 1.5-um window for its gain, bandwidth etc. Unfortunately, its practical application at the bio-favorable window, i.e. 1.0 um, still requires substantial efforts. Thus, here we report a versatile all-fiber optical parametric amplifier for life-science (OPALS) at 1.0 um as an add-on module for optical imaging system. The parametric gain fiber (photonic-crystal fiber (PCF), 110 m in length) is specially designed to reduce the longitudinal dispersion fluctuation, which yields a superior figure of merit, i.e. a total insertion loss of ~2.5 dB and a nonlinear coefficient of 34 /(W•km). Our OPALS delivers a superior performance in terms of gain (~158,000), bandwidth (>100 nm) and gain flatness (< 3-dB ripple). Experimentally, we show that: 1) a wavelength-varying quasi-monochrome pump achieves a 52-dB gain and 160-nm bandwidth, but at the expense of a larger gain-spectrum ripple, i.e. a bell-shaped; 2) the birefringence of the parametric gain medium, i.e. PCF in this case, can be utilized to improve the gain-spectrum flatness of OPALS by 10.5 dB, meanwhile a 100-nm bandwidth can be guaranteed; 3) the gain-spectrum flatness of OPALS can be further flattened by using a high-speed wavelength-sweeping pump, which exhibits a 110-nm flat gain spectrum with ripple less than 3 dB. Finally, we employ this versatile all-fiber OPALS as an add-on module to enhance the sensitivity of a spectrally-encoded microscope by 47 dB over an ultra-wide spectral range.

  2. Numerical simulation of passively mode-locked fiber laser based on semiconductor optical amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Jingwen; Jia, Dongfang; Zhang, Zhongyuan; Chen, Jiong; Liu, Tonghui; Wang, Zhaoying; Yang, Tianxin

    2013-03-01

    Passively mode-locked fiber laser (MLFL) has been widely used in many applications, such as optical communication system, industrial production, information processing, laser weapons and medical equipment. And many efforts have been done for obtaining lasers with small size, simple structure and shorter pulses. In recent years, nonlinear polarization rotation (NPR) in semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) has been studied and applied as a mode-locking mechanism. This kind of passively MLFL has faster operating speed and makes it easier to realize all-optical integration. In this paper, we had a thorough analysis of NPR effect in SOA. And we explained the principle of mode-locking by SOA and set up a numerical model for this mode-locking process. Besides we conducted a Matlab simulation of the mode-locking mechanism. We also analyzed results under different working conditions and several features of this mode-locking process are presented. Our simulation shows that: Firstly, initial pulse with the peak power exceeding certain threshold may be amplified and compressed, and stable mode-locking may be established. After about 25 round-trips, stable mode-locked pulse can be obtained which has peak power of 850mW and pulse-width of 780fs.Secondly, when the initial pulse-width is greater, narrowing process of pulse is sharper and it needs more round-trips to be stable. Lastly, the bias currents of SOA affect obviously the shape of mode-locked pulse and the mode-locked pulse with high peak power and narrow width can be obtained through adjusting reasonably the bias currents of SOA.

  3. Exact optical self-similar solutions in a tapered graded-index nonlinear-fiber amplifier with an external source

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, Jun-Rong; Yi, Lin

    2014-06-01

    We study the propagations of optical self-similar solutions in a tapered graded-index nonlinear-fiber amplifier with an external source through asymmetric twin-core fiber amplifiers. Various types of exact self-similar solutions, including the W-shaped and U-shaped solutions, trigonometric function solutions, and periodic wave solutions are found. The results show that these different types of self-similar optical structures can be generated and effectively controlled by modulating the amplitude of the source. The influences of nonlinear tunneling effects on the propagation of optical pulses are investigated as well. The obtained results may have potential applications in a tapered graded-index nonlinear-fiber amplifier with an external source.

  4. Device and packaging considerations for MMIC-based millimeter-wave quasi-optical amplifier arrays

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kolias, Nicholas J.; Kazior, Thomas E.; Chen, Yan; Wright, Warren

    1999-11-01

    Practical implementation of millimeter-wave quasi-optical amplifier arrays will require high device uniformity across the array, efficient coupling to and from each gain device, good device-to-device isolation, and efficient heat removal. This paper presents techniques that address these issues for a 44 GHz MMIC-based design. To improve device uniformity, a double selective gate recess approach is introduced which results in a demonstrated 3 - 5X improvement in uniformity when compared to Raytheon's standard production pHEMT process. For packaging, direct backside interconnect technology (DBIT) is introduced as a bondwire-free scheme for connecting each amplifier to the array. This approach significantly reduces interconnect loss by reducing interconnect inductance. Measured insertion loss at 44 GHz for the DBIt transition is 0.35 dB compared to 2.3 dB for a typical bondwire transition produced on a manufacturing automated bonding machine. By eliminating bondwires which tend to radiate at millimeter wave frequencies, the DBIT approach also significantly improves the device-to-device isolation, thereby improving the array stability. The DBIT approach would not be viable if it could not effectively dissipate heat (a typical 25 watt array generates greater than 100 watts of heat). Finite element thermal analysis results are presented which show that the DBIT approach adds a tolerable 15.5 degree(s)C temperature rise over a standard solder-based MMIC die-attach to a heatsink. Thus, the DBIT approach, along with the double selective gate recess process, provides an attractive, low-loss, bondwire-free approach for producing uniform amplifier arrays.

  5. Use of liposomal amplifiers in total internal reflection fluorescence fiber-optic biosensors for protein detection.

    PubMed

    Chang, Ying-Feng; Fu, Chen; Chen, Yi-Ting; Fang-Ju Jou, Amily; Chen, Chii-Chang; Chou, Chien; Annie Ho, Ja-An

    2016-03-15

    Evanescent-wave excited fluorescence technology has been demonstrated to enhance sensitivity and reduce matrix effects, making it suitable for biosensor development. In this study, we developed a liposome-based, total internal reflection fluorescence, fiber-optic biosensor (TIRF-FOB) for protein detection, which integrates a liposomal amplifier and sandwich immunoassay format with TIRF-FOB. In addition, the antibody-tagged and fluorophore-entrapped liposomes for heterogeneous detection of target molecules were designed and synthesized. This biosensor successfully detected the target protein (model analyzed here is IgG) with a limit of detection (LOD) of 2.0 attomoles for the target protein (equivalent to 2.0 pg/mL of protein presented in 150 μL of sample solution). The features of this ultra-sensitive liposomal TIRF-FOB are (i) fluorescence is excited via evanescent waves and amplified via liposomes; (ii) the use of two polyclonal antibodies in the sandwich assay format increases the specificity and lowers the cost of our assay. Based on the exceptional detection sensitivity and cost-effectiveness, we believe that the proposed biosensor has great potential as a practical, clinical diagnostic tool in the near future. PMID:26595485

  6. Modeling of High-Quality Factor XNOR Gate Using Quantum-Dot Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers at 1 Tb/s

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kotb, Amer

    2015-06-01

    The modeling of all-optical logic XNOR gate is realized by a series combination of XOR and INVERT gates. This Boolean function is simulated by using Mach-Zehnder interferometers (MZIs) utilizing quantum-dots semiconductor optical amplifiers (QDs-SOAs). The study is carried out when the effect of amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) is included. The dependence of the output quality factor ( Q-factor) on signals and QDs-SOAs' parameters is also investigated and discussed. The simulation is conducted under a repetition rate of ˜1 Tb/s.

  7. SOLITONS AND OPTICAL FIBERS: Multiwavelength pulse transmission in an optical fibre — amplifier system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Panoiu, N.-C.; Mel'nikov, I. V.; Mihalache, D.; Etrich, C.; Lederer, F.

    2002-11-01

    The structure and dynamics of solitary waves created in the interaction of multiwavelength pulses in a single-mode optical fibre with amplification, filtering, and amplitude modulation is analysed. It is shown that there is a critical wavelength separation between channels above which wavelength-division multiplexing with solitons is feasible and that this separation increases with the number of channels.

  8. High power burst-mode optical parametric amplifier with arbitrary pulse selection.

    PubMed

    Pergament, M; Kellert, M; Kruse, K; Wang, J; Palmer, G; Wissmann, L; Wegner, U; Lederer, M J

    2014-09-01

    We present results from a unique burst-mode femtosecond non-collinear optical parametric amplifier (NOPA) under development for the optical - x-ray pump-probe experiments at the European X-Ray Free-Electron Laser Facility. The NOPA operates at a burst rate of 10 Hz, a duty cycle of 2.5% and an intra-burst repetition rate of up to 4.5 MHz, producing high fidelity 15 fs pulses at a center wavelength of 810 nm. Using dispersive amplification filtering of the super-continuum seed pulses allows for selectable pulse duration up to 75 fs, combined with a tuning range in excess of 100 nm whilst remaining nearly transform limited. At an intra-burst rate of 188 kHz the single pulse energy from two sequential NOPA stages reached 180 µJ, corresponding to an average power of 34W during the burst. Acousto- and electro-optic switching techniques enable the generation of transient free bursts of required length and the selection of arbitrary pulse sequences inside the burst. PMID:25321596

  9. Temporal phase mask encrypted optical steganography carried by amplified spontaneous emission noise.

    PubMed

    Wu, Ben; Wang, Zhenxing; Shastri, Bhavin J; Chang, Matthew P; Frost, Nicholas A; Prucnal, Paul R

    2014-01-13

    A temporal phase mask encryption method is proposed and experimentally demonstrated to improve the security of the stealth channel in an optical steganography system. The stealth channel is protected in two levels. In the first level, the data is carried by amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) noise, which cannot be detected in either the time domain or spectral domain. In the second level, even if the eavesdropper suspects the existence of the stealth channel, each data bit is covered by a fast changing phase mask. The phase mask code is always combined with the wide band noise from ASE. Without knowing the right phase mask code to recover the stealth data, the eavesdropper can only receive the noise like signal with randomized phase. PMID:24515055

  10. Analysis of 808nm centered optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier based on DKDP crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, Meizhi; Cui, Zijian; Kang, Jun; Zhang, Yanli; Zhang, Junyong; Cui, Ying; Xie, Xinglong; Liu, Cheng; Liu, Dean; Zhu, Jianqiang; Lin, Zunqi

    2015-08-01

    The non-collinear phase-matching in Potassium Dideuterium Phosphate (DKDP) crystal is analyzed in detail with signal pulse of center wavelength at 808 nm and pump pulse of wavelength at 526.5 nm. By numerical analysis, parametric bandwidths for various DKDP crystals of different deuteration level are presented. In particularly for DKDP crystals of 95% deuteration level, the optimal non-collinear angles, phase-matching angles, parametric bandwidths, walk-off angles, acceptance angles, efficiency coefficients, gain and gain bandwidths are provided based on the parameter concepts. Optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier based on DKDP crystal is designed and the output characteristics are simulated by OPA coupled wave equations for further discuss. It is concluded that DKDP crystals higher than 90% deuteration level can be utilized in ultra-short high power laser systems with compressed pulses broader than 30fs. The disadvantage is that the acceptance angles are small, increasing the difficulty of engineering regulation.