Science.gov

Sample records for oversea hrd network

  1. Cross-Cultural HRD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1995

    These five papers are from a symposium that was facilitated by David C. Bjorkquist on cross-cultural human resource development (HRD) at the 1995 Academy of Human Resource Development conference. "Developing Managers for Overseas Assignments in the Pacific Rim: A Study of International HRD Issues in Singapore" (A. Ahad M. Osman-Gani, Thian-Ser…

  2. Understanding the HRD Role in MNCs: The Imperatives of Social Capital and Networking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gubbins, Claire; Garavan, Thomas N.

    2009-01-01

    In an era of increasing global competition, it is argued that knowledge and skills are the key sources of competitive advantage. This places the human resource development (HRD) function in a situation of increased status and power, if HRD professionals adopt roles in a way that adds "value" and facilitates achievement of competitive advantage.…

  3. HRD Journals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1996

    This document consists of four papers presented during a symposium on human resource development (HRD) journals moderated by Peter W.J. Schramade at the 1996 conference of the Academy of Human Resource Development. "Refereed Journals: The Cornerstone of a Developing Profession" (Gary N. McLean) describes the purpose, format, success, and…

  4. Global HRD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1997

    This document contains four papers from a symposium on global human resource development (HRD). "Globalization of Human Resource Management (HRM) in Government: A Cross-Cultural Perspective" (Pan Suk Kim) relates HRM to national cultures and addresses its specific functional aspects with a unique dimension in a global organization. "An…

  5. HIV risk among Australian men travelling overseas: networks and context matter.

    PubMed

    Brown, Graham; Ellard, Jeanne; Mooney-Somers, Julie; Hildebrand, Janina; Langdon, Trish

    2012-01-01

    Increasing international mobility presents a risk for communicable disease transmission. Overseas-acquired HIV infections have been increasingly observed across Australian jurisdictions. This includes a mix of men emigrating from countries with high HIV prevalence and men travelling abroad. There is currently little research exploring international mobility and HIV risk, and as a consequence the increase of men acquiring HIV while travelling overseas is poorly understood. This paper draws on data from a qualitative study exploring the risk perspectives and experiences of 14 Australian men who acquired HIV while travelling overseas in the years between 2000 and 2009. Participants articulated a strong desire to distance themselves from the identity of a tourist. Social networks were highlighted as important entry points to engage with other foreign travellers and expatriates. These networks were highly influential and were understood by the participants to provide guidance on how they should negotiate the local scene, including where to meet sex partners. Limited discussion of safe sex and HIV was mentioned in these contexts. The findings suggest that prevalent social norms and social networks play an influential role in how participants negotiate sex and social relations in overseas settings. These networks could potentially provide sites for effective HIV-prevention programmes. PMID:22591069

  6. Qualitative Studies in HRD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1999

    The first of the four papers in this symposium, "What Is It Like To Be an Independent HRD Consultant?" (Alexander Ardishvili), reports on a phenomenological study that investigated the experience of being an independent HRD (human resource development) consultant through interviews with 10 successful HRD consultants. The study identified eight…

  7. Tools in HRD. Symposium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2002

    This document contains three papers from a symposium on tools in human resource development (HRD). "Game Theory Methodology in HRD" (Thomas J. Chermack, Richard A. Swanson) explores the utility of game theory in helping the HRD profession address the complexity of integrating multiple theories for disciplinary understanding and fulfilling its…

  8. HRD Issues in Asia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1998

    This document contains four papers from a symposium on human resource development (HRD) issues in Asia. "The Japanese Human Resource Development System" (Kiyoe Harada) provides a comprehensive model of the Japanese HRD system based on the current state of the art, including management practices and issues and trends in Japanese HRD. "Structured…

  9. International HRD Perspectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1997

    This document contains three papers from a symposium on international perspectives on human resource development (HRD). The first paper, "Human Resource Development Practices in American and Chinese High-technology Companies in Taiwan" (Hsin-yi Chen), uses quantitative and qualitative data on HRD practices in high-technology companies in the…

  10. University Instruction in HRD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1995

    These four papers are from a symposium that was facilitated by Neal Chalofsky at the 1995 conference of the Academy of Human Resource Development (HRD). "Using Critical Incidents in Teaching HRD: A Method for Fostering Critical Reflection and Dialogue" (Hallie Preskill) reports study findings that confirm the value of the activity in its ability…

  11. International HRD Perspectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1999

    The first of the four papers in this symposium, "Towards a Meaningful HRD [Human Resource Development] Function in the Post-Command Economies of Central and Eastern Europe" (Devi Jankowicz), examines the existing knowledge-base among managers who are to be trained as HRD practitioners and suggests that efforts may be constrained by concepts of…

  12. Globalism and HRD. Symposium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2002

    This document contains three papers from a symposium on globalization and human resource development (HRD). "Challenges and Strategies of Developing Human Resources in the Surge of Globalization: A Case of the People's Republic of China" (De Zhang, Baiyin Yang, Yichi Zhang) analyzes the challenges and strategies of HRD in China and discusses the…

  13. Workforce Issues Facing HRD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1999

    This document contains four symposium papers on work force issues facing human resource development (HRD). "Contributing Factors to the Success of Women and People of Color in Leadership Roles: A Message to HRD Professionals" (Jean R. McFarland, Gary Leske, Caroline S. V. Turner) reports the results of a survey in which nonwhite males, nonwhite…

  14. HRD Issues in Asia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1999

    The first of the four papers in this symposium, "The History of Human Resource Development in Taiwan from 1949 to 1999" (Christine M. Kuo, Gary N. McLean) finds that, contrary to the belief of most Taiwanese scholars that HRD (human resource development) in Taiwan is a new field, the roots of HRD in that country originated in the 1950s. It…

  15. Research Issues in HRD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1997

    This document contains four papers from a symposium on research issues in human resource development (HRD). "Data for HRD Research and the 1997 Human Performance Practices Survey" (Laurie J. Bassi, George S. Benson), describes two research projects undertaken by American Society for Training and Development (ASTD): publication of the "ASTD…

  16. Core Directions in HRD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1996

    This document consists of four papers presented at a symposium on core directions in human resource development (HRD) moderated by Verna Willis at the 1996 conference of the Academy of Human Resource Development. "Reengineering the Organizational HRD Function: Two Case Studies" (Neal Chalofsky) reports an action research study in which the…

  17. Issues of HRD. Symposium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2002

    This document contains three papers from a symposium on issues of human resource development (HRD). "The Complex Roots of Human Resource Development" (Monica Lee) discusses the roots of HRD within the framework of the following views of management: (1) classic (the view that managers must be able to create appropriate rules and procedures for…

  18. University HRD Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1999

    The first of the three papers in this symposium, "Scaling the Walls of Academic Silos: The Birth of a Cross-disciplinary Academic HRD [Human Resource Development] Program" (Ann K. Brooks, Kathleen Edwards, Alison Davis-Blake), describes and analyzes how one HRD program transcended the walls of the graduate school of business and a college of…

  19. Toward an HRD Auditing Protocol: Assessing HRD Risk Management Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clardy, Alan

    2004-01-01

    Even though HRD-related programs and activities carry risks that should be monitored and assessed, there is little literature on how auditing applies to the HRD function; the existing literature on the topic defines HRD auditing in widely different ways. The nature of risk for organizational process is discussed, followed by a review of the…

  20. Resisting HRD's Resistance to Diversity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bierema, Laura L.

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to empirically illustrate how human resource development (HRD) resists and omits issues of diversity in academic programs, textbooks, and research; analyze the research on HRD and diversity over a ten-year period; discuss HRD's resistance to diversity; and offer some recommendations for a more authentic…

  1. Evaluation Systems in HRD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1996

    This document contains three papers presented at a symposium on evaluation systems in human resource development (HRD) moderated by Jerry Gilley at the 1996 conference of the Academy of Human Resource Development. "PLS [Performance-Learning-Satisfaction] Evaluation System: Sales Communication Case Study" (Richard A. Swanson, Timothy R. McClernon)…

  2. Evaluation Issues in HRD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1996

    These three papers were presented at a symposium on evaluation issues on human resource development (HRD) moderated by Hallie Preskill at the 1996 conference of the Academy of Human Resource Development. "Designing an Effective 360-Degree Appraisal Feedback Process" (David Antonioni) presents a conceptual model for a 360-degree appraisal feedback…

  3. Expanded Roles for HRD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1998

    This document contains three papers from a symposium on expanded roles for human resource development (HRD). "The Roles of Consultants in Gainsharing Firms: Empirical Results" (Eunsang Cho, Gary N. McLean) reports findings that consultants are moderately involved at the separation, preparation, evaluation, and design stages and have low…

  4. Core Directions in HRD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1995

    These three papers are from a symposium that was facilitated by R. Wayne Pace at the 1995 conference of the Academy of Human Resource Development (HRD). "High Performance Work Systems" (Martha A. Gephart) assesses the state of theory and research on high performance work from a "systems" perspective and identifies challenges for future theory and…

  5. Integrity in HRD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1997

    This document contains four papers from a symposium on integrity in human resource development (HRD). "The Effects of Blame Attributions and Justice Violations on Revenge and Forgiveness in the Workplace" (Murray O. Bradfield, Karl Aquino, Doug Stanwyck) describes a test of a mediated model, postulating that thoughts of revenge mediated…

  6. Issues in HRD. Symposium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2002

    This document contains four papers on issues in human resource development (HRD). "Employability By Sector of Industry: Taking Account of Supply and Demand Characteristics (Andries de Grip, Jasper B. van Loo, Jos M.A.F. Sanders) reports on development of an Industry Employability Index that integrates both supply and demand determinants of…

  7. Cross-Cultural HRD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1996

    This document consists of three papers presented at a symposium on cross-cultural human resource development (HRD) moderated by Connie Fletcher at the 1996 conference of the Academy of Human Resource Development. "Intercultural Adjustment of U.S. Expatriates in the People's Republic of China" (Hallett G. Hullinger, Robert E. Nolan) presents…

  8. Learning Organization [in HRD].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1995

    These five papers are from a symposium facilitated by Verna J. Willis on the learning organization at the 1995 Academy of Human Resource Development (HRD) conference. "Processes of Organizational Learning: A Framework for Training and Development Policies and Methodologies in a Learning Organization Perspective" (Massimo Tomassini) sketches a…

  9. Performance Improvement [in HRD].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1995

    These four papers are from a symposium that was facilitated by Richard J. Torraco at the 1995 conference of the Academy of Human Resource Development (HRD). "Performance Technology--Isn't It Time We Found Some New Models?" (William J. Rothwell) reviews briefly two classic models, describes criteria for the high performance workplace (HPW), and…

  10. Status of HRD Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1996

    This document contains four papers presented at a symposium on the status of human resource development (HRD) research moderated by Barry Johansen at the 1996 conference of the Academy of Human Resource Development. "An Exploration of the Type of Research Appearing in the AHRD Conference Proceedings" (David E. Arnold) reviews and classifies the…

  11. Competencies in HRD. Symposium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2002

    This symposium is comprised of three papers on competencies in human resource development (HRD). "The Development of a Competency Model and Assessment Instrument for Public Sector Leadership and Management Development" (Sharon S. Naquin, Elwood F. Holton III) reports on a streamlined methodology and process used to develop a competency model for…

  12. Workforce Issues Facing HRD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1995

    These four papers are from a symposium facilitated by Eugene Andette on work force issues facing human resources development (HRD) at the 1995 Academy of Human Resource Development conference. "Meaning Construction and Personal Transformation: Alternative Dimensions of Job Loss" (Terri A. Deems) reports a study conducted to explore the ways…

  13. Team Building [in HRD].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1995

    These five papers are from a symposium that was facilitated by Susan Dougherty at the 1995 conference of the Academy of Human Resource Development (HRD). "The Relationship between Productivity and Work Team Autonomy and Team Process Effectiveness" (Candice L. Phelan) reports that correlation analysis of results of a study of 21 work teams revealed…

  14. Technology in HRD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1998

    This document contains four papers from a symposium on technology in human resource development (HRD). "COBRA, an Electronic Performance Support System for the Analysis of Jobs and Tasks" (Theo J. Bastiaens) is described as an integrated computerized environment that provides tools, information, advice, and training to help employees do their…

  15. HRD and Performance Outcomes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1997

    This document contains three papers from a symposium on human resource development (HRD) and performance outcomes. "Going to the Next Level of Growth: Employing Systems Thinking to Make Effective Interventions" (Carol Ann Zulauf, Joseph A. Ilacqua) shows how a systems view enables organizations to find the most effective point for interventions…

  16. HRD & Business Outcomes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1996

    These four papers were presented at a symposium on human resource development (HRD) and business outcomes moderated by Barbara L. Swanson at the 1996 conference of the Academy of Human Resource Development. "Incorporating Continuous Learning into a Cultural Change Process" (Carol Ann Zulauf, Joseph A. Ilacqua), focuses on best practices at…

  17. Repatriation Readjustment of International Managers: An Empirical Analysis of HRD Interventions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osman-Gani, A Ahad M.; Hyder, Akmal S.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: With increasing interest in overseas business expansion, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region, expatriate management, including repatriation readjustments, has become a critical international human resource development (HRD) issue for multinational enterprises (MNEs). This empirical study therefore aims to investigate the use of HRD…

  18. Overseas fellowships.

    PubMed

    2015-09-01

    Applications are open for the 2016 Winston Churchill Fellowship programme, which enables successful applicants to travel overseas to examine best practice and innovative programmes, then return to the UK and disseminate these ideas. PMID:26309004

  19. Charting the Future of HRD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1997

    This document contains three papers from a symposium on charting the future of human resource development (HRD). "Choose Your Future: Independent Technomancer or Holistic Human Developer" (Steven W. Semler) reports a study that used an historical vector analysis approach to identify three major changes in the roles of HRD professionals that offer…

  20. Work Ethic and Values in HRD. Symposium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2002

    This document contains four papers from a symposium on work ethic and values in human resource development (HRD). "Value Priorities of HRD Scholars and Practitioners" (Reid Bates, Hsin Chih Chen, Tim Hatcher) presents the results of a study that identified and analyzed six HRD values reflecting two value facets (locus of HRD influence and HRD…

  1. Key Intersections between HRD and Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Egan, Toby M.

    2011-01-01

    This article is in part inspired by an HRD director's insight that his HRD staff should view themselves as HRD Family Doctors, suggesting that a doctor-patient relationship was similar in many respects to the HRD-manager consulting relationship. Although that is possible in some organizations, the author's interviews with corporate managers and…

  2. The European Perspective of HRD: A Debate on Selected Issues Put Forward By the EHRD Network. Symposium at ECER (Lisbon, Portugal, September 11-14, 2002).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manning, Sabine, Ed.

    This document contains 13 presentations/discussion summaries and 10 supporting 'thesis' papers from a symposium on selected issues in human resources development (HRD) in Europe. The following summaries are included: "Introduction" (Sabine Manning); "Developing Flexibility in Pursuit of Competitiveness" (Nick Boreham); "Competence and Learning in…

  3. Overseas Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Inter-University Council for Higher Education Overseas, London (England).

    The following articles and reports are presented in this publication of "Overseas Universities:""Appropriate Technology and University Education," by John Twidell; "The Training of Engineering Staff for Higher Education Institutions in Developing Countries," by D. W. Daniel, C. A. Leal, J. H. Maynes and T. Wilmore; "A Case Study of an Academic…

  4. HRD and Productivity: Allied Forces.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nadler, Leonard

    1988-01-01

    The author defines productivity and discusses ways to increase productivity in the workplace, with emphasis on human resource development (HRD). He discusses the use of quality circles, participative management, and layoffs to increase productivity. (CH)

  5. The Development of the Field of HRD: A Delphi Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGuire, David; Cseh, Maria

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: The study explored the views of leading human resource development (HRD) academics regarding five main issues: the disciplinary bases of HRD, the historical milestones in HRD, the constituent components of HRD, the leading contributions in terms of journal articles and books to the development of HRD and the future of HRD.…

  6. Certification and the Branding of HRD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carliner, Saul

    2012-01-01

    Although calls continue to establish certification, several certifications for human resource development (HRD) practitioners already exist, although none use the name HRD. This Forum explores what those certification programs are and what their availability means to the development of the HRD "brand" (the impressions of the service derived from…

  7. Approaches to Research in HRD. Symposium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2002

    This document contains three papers from a symposium on approaches to research in human resource development (HRD). "HRD, Feminism, and Adult Education: A Foundation for Collaborative Approaches to Research and Practice" (Yvonne M. Johnson) identifies common interests among HRD professionals, feminists, and practitioners in the field of adult…

  8. HRD: International Perspectives on Development and Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Merrick, Ed.; Mann, Pete, Ed.

    This anthology contains 16 papers devoted to 3 aspects of human resources development (HRD): the institutional perspective on learning for development, the key actors in HRD, and the role of HRD in improving individual and organizational performance. The papers are: "Human Resources Development and Adjustment" (Kanawaty); "People-Oriented…

  9. Critically Challenging Some Assumptions in HRD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Donnell, David; McGuire, David; Cross, Christine

    2006-01-01

    This paper sets out to critically challenge five interrelated assumptions prominent in the (human resource development) HRD literature. These relate to: the exploitation of labour in enhancing shareholder value; the view that employees are co-contributors to and co-recipients of HRD benefits; the distinction between HRD and human resource…

  10. Higher Education and Global Talent Flows: Brain Drain, Overseas Chinese Intellectuals, and Diasporic Knowledge Networks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Welch, Anthony R.; Zhen, Zhang

    2008-01-01

    In the global era, transnational flows of highly skilled individuals are increasing. In the much-touted global knowledge economy, the contribution of such diasporic individuals and the knowledge networks that they sustain are recognized as being of increasing importance. Brain circulation is of critical importance to the "giant periphery" of…

  11. The "Science of HRD Research": Reshaping HRD Research through Scientometrics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Greg G.; Gilley, Jerry W.; Sun, Judy Y.

    2012-01-01

    We explore opportunities for assessing and advancing Human Resource Development (HRD) research through an integrative literature review of scientometric theories and methods. Known as the "science of science," scientometrics is concerned with the quantitative study of scholarly communications, disciplinary structure and assessment and measurement…

  12. Transfer of Learning [in HRD].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1995

    These four papers are from a symposium facilitated by David Antonioni on the transfer of learning at the 1995 Academy of Human Resource Development (HRD) conference. "Supervisory Support as a Transfer Enhancing Activity: Synthesis of Four Research Projects" (Esther W. M. Gielen, Marcel R. van der Klink) presents four case studies that show, with…

  13. Linking HRD Theory and Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1999

    This document contains four symposium papers on linking human resource development (HRD) theory and practice. "Reorienting the Theoretical Foundations of Human Resource Development: Building a Sustainable Profession and Society" (Tim Hatcher) examines the theoretical disciplines of economics, general systems, sociology, psychology, and ethics in…

  14. Evaluating the Impact of HRD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1998

    This document contains four papers from a symposium on evaluating the impact of human resource development (HRD). "The Politics of Program Evaluation and the Misuse of Evaluation Findings" (Hallie Preskill, Robin Lackey) discusses the status of evaluation theory, evaluation as a political activity, and the findings from a survey on the use and…

  15. Cross-Cultural HRD. Symposium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2002

    The first of three papers from this symposium on cross-cultural human resource development (HRD), "Determinants of Supply of Technical Training Opportunities for Human Capital Development in Kenya" (Moses Waithanji Ngware, Fredrick Muyia Nafukho) reports findings from interviews of technical training institute department heads in Kenya who…

  16. Human Performance Technology and HRD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carliner, Saul

    2014-01-01

    Performance--the achievement of results--is central to definitions of HRD. Performance Technology (HPT) refers to a systematic methodology for developing performance in individuals and organizations. Through a systematic process, HPT explores issues at the organizational, unit, and individual level, and with skills and knowledge, resources, and…

  17. Contacting American Overseas Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engelhardt, David

    1993-01-01

    Provides contacts for architects or educational consultants who wish to work overseas. Cites a directory, newsletters, newspapers, and associations focused on educators involved with independent overseas schools that are organized around the United States curriculum. (MLF)

  18. HRD Town Forum--An AHRD Tradition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1999

    This document contains two papers devoted to human resource development (HRD), the Academy of Human Resource Development (AHRD), and certification. The first paper, "Certification of HRD Professionals, Products, and Academic Programs--The Role of AHRD" (Michael Leimbach), is intended to facilitate dialogue on the AHRD's role in establishing…

  19. Research Centers: Ecstasies & Agonies [in HRD].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1995

    These four papers are from a symposium facilitated by Gene Roth on research centers at the 1995 Academy of Human Resource Development (HRD) conference. "Research: The Thin Blue Line between Rigor and Reality" (Michael Leimbach) discusses the need for HRD research to increase its speed and rigor and help organizations focus on capability modeling…

  20. HRD: The Shapes and Things to Come

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simmonds, David; Pedersen, Cec

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: To redefine contemporary HRD through a discussion of its conceptual development from "training and development" to a holistic "orchestra". Design/methodology/approach: HRD is often defined as being merely the training and development aspect of human resource management and this form of definition is commonly associated with "hard" forms…

  1. HRD: Past, Present and Future. Symposium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2002

    This document contains three papers from a symposium on the past, present, and future of human resource development (HRD). "Revisiting the New Deal: A Longitudinal Case Study" (Judy Pate, Graeme Martin, Jim McGoldrick) draws upon data from a longitudinal case study of the links between job security and HRD to examine the new psychological contract…

  2. Expanding Perspectives on HRD Research. Symposium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2002

    This document contains three papers from a symposium on expanding perspectives in human resource development (HRD) research. "The Concept of Culture in International and Comparative HRD Research: Methodological Problems and Possible Solutions" (Alexander Ardichvili, K. Peter Kuchinke) discusses the following topics: (1) alternative approaches to…

  3. Ethical Applications of Technology in HRD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Hong

    2006-01-01

    Human resource development (HRD) professionals are increasingly incorporating technology into their work activities. However, research that examines the ethics in the use of technology by HRD professionals is still underrepresented in the literature. This article first conducts a PEST (political, economic, social-cultural, and technological)…

  4. American Overseas Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simpson, Robert J., Ed.; Duke, Charles R., Ed.

    A compilation of articles examines the similarities and differences of educational administration in schools for American students overseas. The "Introductions and Orientations" section includes: "The Association for the Advancement of International Education" (Lewis A. Grell); "The Office of Overseas Schools of the United States Department of…

  5. Applying Metaphor in HRD Research and Practice: Innovative Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Short, Darren C.; Ardichvili, Alexander; Daley, Barbara J.; Kalata, Erica; Kraemer, Theresa J.; Kuchinke, K. Peter; Willis, Verna J.

    A group of human resource development (HRD) practitioners participated in an innovative session on applying metaphor in HRD research and practice. The session objectives were as follows: (1) facilitate a dialogue between those who wrote for and those who read the Advances in Developing Human Resources (ADHR)issue on metaphor in HRD; (2) extend the…

  6. Human Capital, HRD and VET: The Case of India

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomé, Eduardo; Goyal, Apoorva

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to analyze the role of human capital (HC), human resource development (HRD) and vocational educational and training (VET) in the emerging Indian economy. How may we define the HC, HRD and VET in India? To what extent and how as HRD investments in India contributed to India's recent economic development? What were the…

  7. Strategic Intellectual Capital Development: A Defining Paradigm for HRD?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holton, Elwood F., III; Yamkovenko, Bogdan

    2008-01-01

    The performance paradigm of human resource development (HRD) practice has served the field well, particularly in enhancing the relevance and impact of HRD interventions. However, in this article, it is argued that the time has come for a new defining paradigm to advance the field of HRD to a higher level of organizational impact. This article…

  8. Strategic HRD Practices as Key Factors in Organizational Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tseng, Chien-Chi; McLean, Gary N.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationships among strategic HRD (SHRD) practices and organizational learning; and the relationships among organizational learning and HRD outcomes through a literature review. Design/methodology/approach: Keywords were identified to use in the literature search: HRD, SHRD practices, and…

  9. The Strategic Value of HRD in Lean Strategy Implementation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alagaraja, Meera; Egan, Toby

    2013-01-01

    Central to the relevance of HRD is the inclusion of HRD professionals and functions in organizational strategy. Understanding how HRD units and professionals contribute to or hinder organizational strategy is important for the field. We describe an organizational case in which a systemic strategic initiative involving "Lean strategy" is deployed…

  10. Toward a Critical HRD in Theory and Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fenwick, Tara J.

    2004-01-01

    Drawing from critical management studies and critical pedagogy, this article proposes principles and practices to support the emerging critical human resource development (HRD) field as one stream among existing theories and practice of HRD. A critical HRD would challenge the subjugation of human knowledge, skills, and relationships to…

  11. HRD Effectiveness and Transfer of Learning. Symposium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2002

    This document contains three papers from a symposium on human resource development (HRD) effectiveness and transfer of learning. "Factors Affecting Transfer of Training in Thailand" (Siriporn Yamnill, Gary N. McLean) discusses how the Learning Transfer System Inventory was validated in Thailand by administering it to 1,029 employers and analyzing…

  12. Change Process in Organizations [in HRD].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1995

    These four papers are from a symposium that was facilitated by Toni Powell on the change process in organizations at the 1995 Academy of Human Resource Development (HRD) conference. "The Effectiveness of Change Agents as Affected by Strategic Interactions" (Marie A. George) explores the nature of strategic interactions exhibited by a chief…

  13. High Involvement Work Teams [in HRD].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1995

    These five papers are from a symposium on high involvement work teams that was facilitated by Catherine M. Sleezer at the 1995 Academy of Human Resource Development (HRD) conference. "An Empirical Study of Employee Involvement in Designing and Managing Reward Systems" (William M. Kahnweiler) reports on a study of 300 organizations that found the…

  14. Towards a Redefinition of Strategic HRD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCracken, Martin; Wallace, Mary

    2000-01-01

    Redefines and enhances nine characteristics of strategic human resource development (SHRD) in Garavan's model. Builds a new model illustrating how company mission defines strategy. The model links training with organizations that have no learning culture, HRD with a weak learning culture, and SHRD with a strong learning culture. (SK)

  15. Toward a Framework for Comparative HRD Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Greg G.; Sun, Judy Y.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This paper seeks to address the recent challenges in the international human resource development (HRD) research and the related methodological strategy. Design/methodology/approach: This inquiry is based on a survey of literatures and integrates various comparative research strategies adopted in other major social science disciplines.…

  16. Work Analysis and Expertise [in HRD].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1995

    These five papers are from a symposium that was facilitated by Darlene Russ-Eft at the 1995 conference of the Academy of Human Resource Development (HRD). "The Setting of Goals for Skill Acquisition" (Howard J. Klein, Peg Thoms) reports a study of hospital managers that found that goal manipulation did not lead to significant main effects in…

  17. Diversity in the Workplace [in HRD].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1995

    These four papers are from a symposium that was facilitated by Laura Bierema at the 1995 conference of the Academy of Human Resource Development (HRD). "The Status of Valuing and Managing Diversity in Fortune 500 Manufacturing and Fortune 500 Service Organizations: Perceptions of Top Human Resource Professionals" (Sandra J. Johnson) reports a…

  18. Computer Software Training and HRD: What Are the Critical Issues?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Altemeyer, Brad

    2005-01-01

    The paper explores critical issues for HRD practice from a parsonian framework across the HRD legs of organizational development, adult learning, and training and development. Insights into the critical issues emerge from this approach. Identifying successful transfer of training to be critical for organizational, group, and individual success.…

  19. The Evaluation of HRD: A Critical Study with Applications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tome, Eduardo

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyze critically the most important methods that are used in the evaluation of human resource development (HRD). Design/methodology/approach: The approach is to ask two questions: What are the methods available to define the impact of HRD in the economy? How can we evaluate the evaluations that have been…

  20. Virtual Worlds: New Directions for HRD Research and Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapman, Diane D.

    2008-01-01

    Virtual environments, once used strictly for gaming and military training, have developed into spaces for community building and collaboration rather than competition. This literature review explores virtual worlds and underlying theories of interest to Human Resource Development (HRD). Findings suggest application opportunities for HRD in five…

  1. Strategic HRD. [Concurrent Symposium Session at AHRD Annual Conference, 1998.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1998

    This document contains four papers from a symposium on strategic human resource development (HRD). "The GEICO Challenge Session: A Model for Integrating Human Resource Development and Strategic Planning" (Clyde T. Conine, Jr., Bill P. Criswell) reports on a study that delineated the nature of the integration of HRD into the strategic planning…

  2. Human and Organization Studies: The Discipline of HRD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chalofsky, Neal

    2004-01-01

    Human resource development (HRD) has long been considered a field with an interdisciplinary foundation. Unfortunately, there has never been a consensus on the composition of the disciplinary base of HRD. We may have a sense of the purpose of the field; but it still does not lead easily to a sense of the discipline of the field. And it may be that…

  3. Critical Legal Perspectives and the Advancement of HRD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Wayland; Vaida, Genevieve

    2014-01-01

    Established Human Resource Development (HRD) practices may elevate corporate interests and subordinate individual interests. Critical HRD professionals can instead transform workplaces into a more level playing field that genuinely values diversity. Drawing on the existing theory, specifically Brookfield's (2005) marriage of Foucauldian…

  4. HRD in Asia. Symposium 3. [AHRD Conference, 2001].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2001

    This document contains three papers on human resource development (HRD) in Asia. "The Experiences of HRD Professionals Participating in Continuing Professional Development in Taiwan" (Yu-Shu [Jason] Chen) reports on a study that was based on the method of hermeneutic phenomenology and conducted to describe and interpret the experiences of…

  5. Incorporating Storytelling into Practice: How HRD Practitioners Foster Strategic Storytelling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyler, Jo A.

    2007-01-01

    Human resource development (HRD) practitioners are adding storytelling to their box of tactical and strategic tools. This qualitative research study investigates how HRD practitioners in for-profit settings apply storytelling as a means of advancing organizational goals. The primary focus of practitioners is on instrumental application of stories…

  6. What Is HRD? A Definitional Review and Synthesis of the HRD Domain

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamlin, Bob; Stewart, Jim

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of the paper is to present the findings of a definitional review and comparative study of HRD definitions. It also reports the results of comparing and contrasting a synthesis of the "intended purposes" and "processes" constituting these definitions against various definitions and conceptualisations of organisational development…

  7. Who Is Not Sleeping with Whom? What's Not Being Talked about in HRD?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trehan, Kiran

    2004-01-01

    Human resource development (HRD) occupies some interesting educational territory. Given the rapid pace of development and innovation in education and in the practice of HRD, coupled with alternative approaches to learning, a re-evaluation of HRD might be expected to be a prominent feature within discussions of the future practice of HRD. However,…

  8. HRD Trends Worldwide: Shared Solutions To Compete in a Global Economy. Improving Human Performance Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Jack J.

    This book, which is intended for individuals involved in developing, delivering, and supporting human resource development (HRD) programs, discusses worldwide HRD trends that were identified in a study of the HRD practices in 35 countries. Chapter 1 discusses the importance of the HRD trends identified and explains how they were identified.…

  9. Managing a Small HRD Department: You Can Do More than You Think. First Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCoy, Carol P.

    This book is a tool kit for human resource development (HRD) and training managers, trainers, and administrative assistants in small HRD departments. Part 1 deals with the challenges and opportunities of managing a small HRD department and with planning the strategy. Chapter 1 gives a sense of the workings of small HRD departments. Chapter 2…

  10. American Overseas Research Centers Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Postsecondary Education, US Department of Education, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The American Overseas Research Centers Program provides grants to overseas research centers that are consortia of U.S. institutions of higher education to enable the centers to promote postgraduate research, exchanges, and area studies. Eligible applicants are those consortia of U.S. institutions of higher education centers that: (1) Receive more…

  11. Managing the HRD Function and Service Quality: A Call for a New Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mafi, Shirine L.

    2000-01-01

    Adapts the gap model (comparison of service recipients' attitudes before and after service delivery) into a human resource development (HRD) service management model. Delineates linkages among organizational mission, internal customers' mission, performance needs, and HRD mission. (SK)

  12. A Code of Ethics and Integrity for HRD Research and Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hatcher, Tim; Aragon, Steven R.

    2000-01-01

    Describes the rationale for a code of ethics and integrity in human resource development (HRD). Outlines the Academy of Human Resource Development's standards. Reviews ethical issues faced by the HRD profession. (SK)

  13. University Instruction in HRD. [Concurrent Symposium Session at AHRD Annual Conference, 1998.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1998

    This document contains four papers from a symposium on university instruction in human resource development (HRD). "Developing a Distance Learning HRD Baccalaureate Degree for Working Adults" (Barbara E. Hinton) documents the planning process for a distance learning baccalaureate HRD degree option and presents a 10-step distance learning model…

  14. The Idea of National HRD: An Analysis Based on Economics and Theory Development Methodology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Greg G.; Swanson, Richard A.

    2008-01-01

    Recent human resource development (HRD) literature focuses attention on national HRD (NHRD) research and represents problems in both HRD identity and research methodology. Based on a review of development economics and international development literature, this study analyzes the existing NHRD literature with respect to the theory development…

  15. Sustainability or Limitless Expansion: Paradigm Shift in HRD Practice and Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ardichvili, Alexandre

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to discuss a shift from the mentality of limitless growth and expansion to the new sustainability paradigm in HRD practice, and identifies what corresponding changes are needed in human resource development (HRD) university programs. Design/methodology/approach: The paper is based on a review of the literature in HRD and…

  16. A Systems Approach to Measuring Return on Investment for HRD Interventions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Greg G.; Dou, Zhengxia; Li, Ning

    2002-01-01

    Review of economics, industrial psychology, financial, and human resource development (HRD) literature was used to develop a systems approach to measuring return on investment in which HRD is a subsystem within the overall organizational system. The approach isolates non-HRD impacts and demonstrates applicability of statistical and mathematical…

  17. Critical Thinking in HRD--A Panel Led Discussion. Innovative Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elliott, Carole; Turnbull, Sharon

    A panel of 11 human resource development (HRD) practitioners (2 session chairs and 9 panelists) participated in an innovation session devoted to critical thinking in HRD. The session objectives were as follows: (1) share knowledge, views, and beliefs about the relevance of critical management theory and research to the HRD community; (2) provide a…

  18. A Critical Analysis of HRD Evaluation Models from a Decision-Making Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holton, Elwood F., III; Naquin, Sharon

    2005-01-01

    HRD evaluation models are recommended for use by organizations to improve decisions made about HRD interventions. However, the organizational decision-making literature has been virtually ignored by evaluation researchers. In this article, we review the organizational decision-making literature and critically review HRD evaluation research through…

  19. Perceived Importance of Curricular Content of Graduate HRD Programs in the U.S

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lim, Doo Hun; Rager, Kathleen

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify changes in graduate HRD curricular content in U.S. institutions since Kuchinke's study in 2002. Additionally, the importance of each curricular content area from these graduate HRD programs was assessed by the faculty members, graduate students, and practitioners in the HRD field. Through a pilot study and…

  20. Evaluation in HRD. [Concurrent Symposium Session at AHRD Annual Conference, 1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1997

    This document contains four papers from a symposium on evaluation in human resource development (HRD). The first paper, "HRD Evaluation as the Catalyst for Organizational Learning" (Hallie Preskill), argues that HRD practitioners must stop considering evaluation a periodic event focused on a narrow set of variables and begin viewing it as an…

  1. Human Resource Development Practices as Determinant of HRD Climate and Quality Orientation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hassan, Arif; Hashim, Junaidah; Ismail, Ahmad Zaki Hj

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of the study was to measure employees' perception of human resource development (HRD) practices, to explore whether ISO certification leads to any improvements in HRD system, and to examine the role of HRD practices on employees' development climate and quality orientation in the organization. Design/methodology/approach: A total…

  2. 48 CFR 702.170-12 - Overseas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Overseas. 702.170-12 Section 702.170-12 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT GENERAL DEFINITIONS OF WORDS AND TERMS Definitions 702.170-12 Overseas. Overseas means outside the United States,...

  3. The Overseas University Leadership Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yu, Haibo

    2014-01-01

    This article analyzes the content and format of the Overseas University Leadership Program organized by the National Academy of Education Administration in Beijing, China. Universities provide the country with scientific and technological expertise, pave the path to individual advancement, and are major economic engines. China's new mission…

  4. HRD1 suppresses the growth and metastasis of breast cancer cells by promoting IGF-1R degradation

    PubMed Central

    Ding, Ying; Shen, Ya-Chen; Li, Min; Xuan, Wen-Ying; Liu, Lin-Hui; Wang, Jia; Wang, Xue-Rong; Gao, Ze-Jun; Liang, Xiu-Bin; Su, Dong-Ming

    2015-01-01

    HRD1 (3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl reductase degradation) is an E3 ubiquitin ligase. We found that HRD1 was significantly downregulated in 170 breast cancer tissues. Low tumoral HRD1 expression was correlated with clinicopathological characteristics and a shorter survival in breast cancer patients. P65 specifically bound to the HRD1 promoter and inhibited HRD1 expression. Suppression of NF-κB activity reversed IL-6-induced downregulation of HRD1 expression. HRD1 interacted with IGF-1R and promoted its ubiquitination and degradation by the proteasome. Overexpression of HRD1 resulted in the inhibition of growth, migration and invasion of breast cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, HRD1 attenuated IL-6-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition in MCF10A cells. These findings uncover a novel role for HRD1 in breast cancer. PMID:26536657

  5. Evaluation in HRD. Symposium 29. [AHRD Conference, 2001].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2001

    This document contains three papers on evaluation in human resource development (HRD). "Utilization of Corporate University Training Program Evaluation" (Christopher F. Bober) reports on a study that examined how training program evaluation results are being utilized in corporate universities and determined that the following seven factors affect…

  6. Theorising and Practitioners in HRD: The Role of Abductive Reasoning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gold, Jeff; Walton, John; Cureton, Peter; Anderson, Lisa

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to argue that abductive reasoning is a typical but usually unrecognised process used by HRD scholars and practitioners alike. Design/methodology/approach: This is a conceptual paper that explores recent criticism of traditional views of theory-building, based on the privileging of scientific theorising, which…

  7. HRD and Small Manufacturers. Symposium 42. [AHRD Conference, 2001].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2001

    This symposium on human resource development (HRD) and small manufacturers consists of three presentations. "Toward a Model of Technical Assistance for Small Manufacturers: The Role of Performance Technology" (Dale C. Brandenburg) reviews literature documenting the need for technical assistance to small manufacturers, especially as it relates to…

  8. Non-Employee Critical HRD: Empowerment and Communities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harvey, Brendon

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore, drawing on the author's experience, the role of human resource development (HRD) in developing individuals, teams and communities. Design/methodology/approach: The paper adopts a critically reflective methodology rooted in the research practice of the author working alongside communities in the UK.…

  9. Competence and Employment Forum: Linking HRD and HRM

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siikaniemi, Lena

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to find a model for the individual employee, the employer, the supervisors and the personnel at HR to manage organizational and individual changes. The objective of the model is to manage the changes in parallel with the competence (HRD) and employment (HRM) aspects. Design/methodology/approach: The research…

  10. Research Issues in HRD. Symposium 34. [AHRD Conference, 2001].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2001

    This symposium on research issues in human resource development (HRD) consists of three presentations. "The Influence of Theories of Action on Action Research Initiatives: One Dying Division's Case" (Linda Neavel Dickens) reports an interpretive case study to illuminate how individual, team, and organizational practices and theories of action…

  11. Strategic HRD Practices as Key Factors in Organizational Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tseng, Chien-Chi; McLean, Gary N.

    2007-01-01

    Relationships between strategic HRD practices and organizational learning were explored through a literature review. Organizations that learn and develop their SHRD practices have more opportunities to obtain and integrate the nine SHRD outcomes in the learning process: organizational missions and goals, top management leadership, environmental…

  12. Ethics and Integrity in HRD. Symposium 9. [AHRD Conference, 2001].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2001

    This document contains three papers on ethics and integrity in human resource development (HRD). "Redefining Human Resource Development: An Integration of the Learning, Performance, and Spirituality of Work Perspectives" (Reid A. Bates, Tim Hatcher, Elwood F. Holton III, Neal Chalofsky) describes an effort to articulate the tensions between the…

  13. Selecting Organization Development Theory from an HRD Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynham, Susan A.; Chermack, Thomas J.; Noggle, Melissa A.

    2004-01-01

    As is true for human resource development (HRD), the field of organization development (OD) draws from numerous disciplines to inform its theory base. However, the identification and selection of theory to inform improved practice remains a challenge and begs the question of what can be used to inform and guide one in the identification and…

  14. Managing the HRD Function. Symposium 32. [AHRD Conference, 2001].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2001

    This document contains three papers on managing the human resource development (HRD) function. "The Relationship between Factors Impacted by the Current Economic Crisis and Human Resource Development Roles and Functions in Thailand" (Chiraprapha Tan Akaraborworn, Gary N. McLean) presents data indicating that the current economic crisis in Thailand…

  15. HRD in Latin America. Symposium 5. [AHRD Conference, 2001].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2001

    This document contains three papers on human resource development (HRD) in Latin America. "Looking at the Literature on Workplace Democracy in Latin America: Factors in Favor and Against It" (Max U. Montesino) discusses selected issues related to workplace democracy in Latin America and identifies salient issues for further research, including the…

  16. Ethical Business Cultures: A Literature Review and Implications for HRD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ardichvili, Alexandre; Jondle, Douglas

    2009-01-01

    This literature review identifies characteristics of ethical business cultures, describes factors, considered to be important in developing such cultures, describes current practices of developing ethical culture programs, and discusses the role of HRD in developing ethical business cultures. We argue that ethical thinking and behavior can be…

  17. The Online Oxymoron: Teaching HRD through an Impersonal Medium

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Callahan, Jamie

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to present an alternative and critical view of online learning for and by HRD professionals. Design/methodology/approach: This paper is positioned as a conceptual reflection regarding practical implications not frequently considered with regard to implementing online learning systems. Findings: This paper contends that…

  18. Learning, Experienced Emotions, Relationships and Innovation in HRD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Valerie; Gilmore, Sarah

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to explore the introduction of a new experience-based learning process in the learning and teaching of human resource development (HRD) within a professionally accredited curriculum in a UK University. Design/methodology/approach: An action enquiry approach is taken, and qualitative data gathered over a full academic year…

  19. The Work-Life Conundrum: Will HRD Become More Involved?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kahnweiler, William M.

    2008-01-01

    Although the scholarly and popular literature on work-life has grown tremendously in the past several decades, and as more and more individuals and organizations grapple with work-life issues, it appears that HRD's involvement in work-life has been modest. It is hoped that this article will serve as a catalyst for discussion and debate among HRD…

  20. A Discourse Approach to Theorising HRD: Opening a Discursive Space

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawless, Aileen; Sambrook, Sally; Garavan, Tom; Valentin, Claire

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss how a discourse approach to theorising human resource development (HRD) can open a "discursive space" to challenge dominant discourses within the field; enabling a more critical discourse to emerge. Design/methodology/approach: Discusses two approaches to discourse analysis, a "practice" and a…

  1. A New Vision for HRD to Improve Organizational Results

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Budd, Marjorie L.; Hannum, Wallace H.

    2016-01-01

    The intent of this article is to offer guidance based on experience and evidence that can enable organizations to be more effective in preparing their workforce. The authors believe organizations need a new vision, a new way to conceptualize the role of HRD (Human Resource Development) that functions within the organization, responsible for the…

  2. Legal Pitfalls and Pratfalls in Overseas Ventures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michaelson, Martin

    2009-01-01

    Universities in the United States are hardly novices in international initiatives, yet overseas projects today, although enticing, often seem novel to them, long experience notwithstanding. A number of motivators drive the new zeal to go overseas. Among these are a resolve to stay competitive in this era of heightened inter-institutional…

  3. College Entrance Guide for American Students Overseas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College Entrance Examination Board, New York, NY.

    Comprehensive information about types of postsecondary institutions and the entrance process is presented, with special consideration given to the special needs of American students overseas. The guidelines may also be useful to non-Americans educated in overseas schools who seek further study in the United States. Advantages and drawbacks to…

  4. Multiple overseas dispersal in amphibians.

    PubMed Central

    Vences, Miguel; Vieites, David R; Glaw, Frank; Brinkmann, Henner; Kosuch, Joachim; Veith, Michael; Meyer, Axel

    2003-01-01

    Amphibians are thought to be unable to disperse over ocean barriers because they do not tolerate the osmotic stress of salt water. Their distribution patterns have therefore generally been explained by vicariance biogeography. Here, we present compelling evidence for overseas dispersal of frogs in the Indian Ocean region based on the discovery of two endemic species on Mayotte. This island belongs to the Comoro archipelago, which is entirely volcanic and surrounded by sea depths of more than 3500 m. This constitutes the first observation of endemic amphibians on oceanic islands that did not have any past physical contact to other land masses. The two species of frogs had previously been thought to be nonendemic and introduced from Madagascar, but clearly represent new species based on their morphological and genetic differentiation. They belong to the genera Mantidactylus and Boophis in the family Mantellidae that is otherwise restricted to Madagascar, and are distinguished by morphology and mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences from mantellid species occurring in Madagascar. This discovery permits us to update and test molecular clocks for frogs distributed in this region. The new calibrations are in agreement with previous rate estimates and indicate two further Cenozoic transmarine dispersal events that had previously been interpreted as vicariance: hyperoliid frogs from Africa to Madagascar (Heterixalus) and from Madagascar to the Seychelles islands (Tachycnemis). Our results provide the strongest evidence so far that overseas dispersal of amphibians exists and is no rare exception, although vicariance certainly retains much of its importance in explaining amphibian biogeography. PMID:14667332

  5. An Historical Analysis of HRD Knowledge: A Critical Review of "The Foreman: Master and Victim of Doubletalk"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Storberg-Walker, Julia; Bierema, Laura L.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this article is to analyze the historical development of HRD knowledge. The analysis aims to use the qualitative research technique of text deconstruction on an important management text from the human relations phase of organization theory. Deconstruction is not a common method to HRD. In this paper, HRD scholars…

  6. University HRD Programs. [Concurrent Symposium Session at AHRD Annual Conference, 1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1997

    This document contains three papers from a symposium on university HRD (human resource development) programs. A survey of 20 multinational corporations reported in "Determining the Labor Demand and Development Needs of HR/HRD Professionals in China" (William J. Rothwell) finds the demand for HR generalists and specialists in China is expected to…

  7. The Link between Research and Practice: Experiences of Different Professions and Implications for HRD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Short, Darren; Keefer, Jeffrey M.; Stone, Sophia J.

    2006-01-01

    There is a recognized gap between HRD practice and HRD research. In recent years, actions have been taken to understand and close the gap, and more are planned. Those efforts would benefit from a greater understanding of how the gap is experienced and addressed in other professions. This paper summarizes a literature review of material from other…

  8. Designing Effective HRD Programs. Symposium 23. [Concurrent Symposium Session at AHRD Annual Conference, 2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2000

    This document contains three papers from a symposium on designing effective human resource development (HRD) programs that was conducted as part of a conference on HRD. "Leveraging System Factors for Increased Training Effectiveness" (David Ripley) is a conceptual paper that critiques current training design models and the lack of attention to…

  9. Successful IT Start-Ups' HRD Practices: Four Cases in South Korea

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cho, Yonjoo; McLean, Gary N.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to identify South Korea's successful IT start-ups' HRD practices to determine whether there are steps that must be taken to maintain their HRD expertise for continued growth. Design/methodology/approach: A case study approach employing four fast-growing IT start-up cases was undertaken based on semi-structured…

  10. HRD and Employee Outcomes. Symposium 42. [Concurrent Symposium Session at AHRD Annual Conference, 2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2000

    This document contains three papers from a symposium on human resource development (HRD) and employee outcomes that was conducted as part of a HRD conference. "The Impact of Participating in Human Resource Development Activities on Individuals' Job Level and Income" (Tim de Jong, Bob Witziers, Martin Mulder) presents the results of a linear…

  11. The Role of Reflective Practices in Building Social Capital in Organizations from an HRD Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nakamura, Yoshie Tomozumi; Yorks, Lyle

    2011-01-01

    Social capital has been receiving increasing attention in the field of human resource development (HRD). However, little is known as to how social capital has been formed or has grown over time with HRD interventions. There is limited research and discussion on how reflective practices play a role in the development of social capital as…

  12. HRD Strategies for Expatriate Development: Review of Current Strategies and Potentials of Expatriate Mentoring

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Eunok Alice

    2007-01-01

    Expatriates are critical human resources and means of global organizations. Through review of literature, this paper examines HRD strategies that have been utilized to develop expatriates for international assignments, identifies gaps in current HRD strategies, and investigates unique potentials of expatriate mentoring contributing expatriate…

  13. Invited Reaction: Birds of a Feather? HRD and Business Schools Should Flock Together

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    May, Gary L.

    2007-01-01

    Peter Kuchinke has written a powerful and relevant article that should generate much discussion in the human resource development (HRD) community. The focus of Kuchinke's paper is the question of whether HRD academic programs should emulate the value preference of business schools or march to a different drum. In this response, the author argues…

  14. Invited Reaction: The Strategic Value of HRD in Lean Strategy Implementation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yorks, Lyle; Barto, Jody

    2013-01-01

    This study by Meera Alagaraja and Toby Egan provides a case study of a Lean strategy implementation in which HRD was an integrated part of the process and offers a model that can give direction for both future research and strategic advocacy on behalf of HRD practice. The case is actually more a study of the importance of cross-functional and…

  15. The Strategic Value and Transaction Effectiveness of HRD: A Qualitative Study of Internal Customer Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alagaraja, Meera

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this article is to outline the role of human resource development (HRD) in Lean strategy as the context for assessing interactions with internal customers. Identifying the perceived gap in role expectations and fulfillment emphasizes important priorities and offers tangible measures for assessing HRD contributions. A focus…

  16. Core Directions in HRD. Symposium 32. [Concurrent Symposium Session at AHRD Annual Conference, 2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2000

    Three presentations are provided from Symposium 32, Core Directions in HRD (Human Resource Development), of the Academy of HRD 2000 Conference Proceedings. "Exploring the Convergence of Political and Managerial Cultures in the Dominican Republic: Implications for Management Development and Training" (Max U. Montesino) reports a survey of five work…

  17. Mapping the Context and Practice of Training, Development and HRD in European Call Centres

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garavan, Thomas N.; Wilson, John P.; Cross, Christine; Carbery, Ronan

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: Utilising data from 18 in-depth case studies, this study seeks to explore training, development and human resource development (HRD) practices in European call centres. It aims to argue that the complexity and diversity of training, development and HRD practices is best understood by studying the multilayered contexts within which call…

  18. Program Excellence Network of the Academy of Human Resource Development: Its Purpose and Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruona, Wendy E. A.

    2009-01-01

    This article features the Program Excellence Network (PEN) of the Academy of Human Resource Development (AHRD) which was established in September 2006 in response to a proposal brought forward by the author. The mission of PEN is to strengthen HRD academic programs and promote excellence in teaching HRD. PEN provides a forum for its members to…

  19. [Haemovigilance and blood safety in overseas military].

    PubMed

    Sailliol, A; Plang, S; Martinaud, C; Pouget, T; Vedy, S; Clavier, B; Cellarier, V; Roche, C; Civadier, C; Ausset, S

    2014-11-01

    The French military blood institute (FMBI) is the only military blood supplier in France. FMBI operates independently and autonomously under the Ministry of Defense's supervision, and accordingly, to the French, European and NATO technical and safety guidelines. FMBI is in charge of the collection, preparation and distribution of blood products to supply transfusion support to armed forces, especially during overseas operations. In overseas military, a primary physician is responsible for haemovigilance in permanent relation with an expert in the FMBI to manage any adverse reaction. Additionally, traceability of delivered or collected blood products during overseas operation represents a priority, allowing an appropriate management of transfusion inquiries and assessment of practices aiming to improve and update procedures and training. Transfusion safety in overseas operation is based on regular and specific training of people concerned by blood supply chain in exceptional situation. PMID:25284434

  20. Hrd1 suppresses Nrf2-mediated cellular protection during liver cirrhosis

    PubMed Central

    Wu, Tongde; Zhao, Fei; Gao, Beixue; Tan, Can; Yagishita, Naoko; Nakajima, Toshihiro; Wong, Pak K.; Chapman, Eli; Fang, Deyu; Zhang, Donna D.

    2014-01-01

    Increased endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and reactive oxygen species (ROS) are the salient features of end-stage liver diseases. Using liver tissues from liver cirrhosis patients, we observed up-regulation of the XBP1–Hrd1 arm of the ER stress response pathway and down-regulation of the Nrf2-mediated antioxidant response pathway. We further confirmed this negative regulation of Nrf2 by Hrd1 using Hrd1 conditional knockout mice. Down-regulation of Nrf2 was a surprising result, since the high levels of ROS should have inactivated Keap1, the primary ubiquitin ligase regulating Nrf2 levels. Here, we identified Hrd1 as a novel E3 ubiquitin ligase responsible for compromised Nrf2 response during liver cirrhosis. In cirrhotic livers, activation of the XBP1–Hrd1 arm of ER stress transcriptionally up-regulated Hrd1, resulting in enhanced Nrf2 ubiquitylation and degradation and attenuation of the Nrf2 signaling pathway. Our study reveals not only the convergence of ER and oxidative stress response pathways but also the pathological importance of this cross-talk in liver cirrhosis. Finally, we showed the therapeutic importance of targeting Hrd1, rather than Keap1, to prevent Nrf2 loss and suppress liver cirrhosis. PMID:24636985

  1. 48 CFR 606.304-70 - Acquisitions by overseas posts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... posts. 606.304-70 Section 606.304-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF STATE... Acquisitions by overseas posts. The Departmental Competition Advocate is the approval authority for the... through the Principal Officer at the overseas post....

  2. 48 CFR 606.304-70 - Acquisitions by overseas posts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... posts. 606.304-70 Section 606.304-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF STATE... Acquisitions by overseas posts. The Departmental Competition Advocate is the approval authority for the... through the Principal Officer at the overseas post....

  3. 48 CFR 606.304-70 - Acquisitions by overseas posts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... posts. 606.304-70 Section 606.304-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF STATE... Acquisitions by overseas posts. The Departmental Competition Advocate is the approval authority for the... through the Principal Officer at the overseas post....

  4. 48 CFR 606.304-70 - Acquisitions by overseas posts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... posts. 606.304-70 Section 606.304-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF STATE... Acquisitions by overseas posts. The Departmental Competition Advocate is the approval authority for the... through the Principal Officer at the overseas post....

  5. 48 CFR 606.304-70 - Acquisitions by overseas posts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... posts. 606.304-70 Section 606.304-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF STATE... Acquisitions by overseas posts. The Departmental Competition Advocate is the approval authority for the... through the Principal Officer at the overseas post....

  6. 5 CFR 950.701 - DoD overseas campaign.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... the National Capital Area campaign. (d) The overseas campaign Charity List shall not include the All...) The overseas campaign Charity List must explain the allocation policy utilized by each of the...

  7. 5 CFR 950.701 - DoD overseas campaign.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... the National Capital Area campaign. (d) The overseas campaign Charity List shall not include the All...) The overseas campaign Charity List must explain the allocation policy utilized by each of the...

  8. 48 CFR 606.501-70 - Overseas posts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Overseas posts. 606.501-70... PLANNING COMPETITION REQUIREMENTS Competition Advocates 606.501-70 Overseas posts. The Management Officer at each overseas post is the competition advocate for that post....

  9. 48 CFR 606.501-70 - Overseas posts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Overseas posts. 606.501-70... PLANNING COMPETITION REQUIREMENTS Competition Advocates 606.501-70 Overseas posts. The Management Officer at each overseas post is the competition advocate for that post....

  10. 48 CFR 606.501-70 - Overseas posts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Overseas posts. 606.501-70... PLANNING COMPETITION REQUIREMENTS Competition Advocates 606.501-70 Overseas posts. The Management Officer at each overseas post is the competition advocate for that post....

  11. 48 CFR 606.501-70 - Overseas posts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Overseas posts. 606.501-70... PLANNING COMPETITION REQUIREMENTS Competition Advocates 606.501-70 Overseas posts. The Management Officer at each overseas post is the competition advocate for that post....

  12. 48 CFR 606.501-70 - Overseas posts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Overseas posts. 606.501-70... PLANNING COMPETITION REQUIREMENTS Competition Advocates 606.501-70 Overseas posts. The Management Officer at each overseas post is the competition advocate for that post....

  13. 48 CFR 731.373 - Overseas recruitment incentive.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Overseas recruitment... Educational Institutions 731.373 Overseas recruitment incentive. USAID's policies regarding overseas recruitment incentives are set forth in AIDAR 731.205-70. These policies are also applicable to contracts...

  14. 48 CFR 731.774 - Overseas recruitment incentive.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Overseas recruitment incentive. 731.774 Section 731.774 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL... Organizations 731.774 Overseas recruitment incentive. USAID's policies regarding overseas recruitment...

  15. 48 CFR 352.233-70 - Choice of law (overseas).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Choice of law (overseas... Choice of law (overseas). As prescribed in 333.215-70(a), the Contracting Officer shall insert the following clause: Choice of Law (Overseas) (January 2010) This contract shall be construed in...

  16. 48 CFR 252.233-7001 - Choice of law (overseas).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Choice of law (overseas... of Provisions And Clauses 252.233-7001 Choice of law (overseas). As prescribed in 233.215-70, use the following clause: Choice of Law (Overseas) (JUN 1997) This contract shall be construed and interpreted...

  17. 32 CFR 231.6 - Procedures-overseas banks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Procedures-overseas banks. 231.6 Section 231.6...) MISCELLANEOUS PROCEDURES GOVERNING BANKS, CREDIT UNIONS AND OTHER FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS ON DOD INSTALLATIONS Guidelines § 231.6 Procedures—overseas banks. (a) General provisions of banking services overseas....

  18. 32 CFR 231.6 - Procedures-overseas banks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Procedures-overseas banks. 231.6 Section 231.6...) MISCELLANEOUS PROCEDURES GOVERNING BANKS, CREDIT UNIONS AND OTHER FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS ON DOD INSTALLATIONS Guidelines § 231.6 Procedures—overseas banks. (a) General provisions of banking services overseas....

  19. 32 CFR 231.6 - Procedures-overseas banks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Procedures-overseas banks. 231.6 Section 231.6...) MISCELLANEOUS PROCEDURES GOVERNING BANKS, CREDIT UNIONS AND OTHER FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS ON DOD INSTALLATIONS Guidelines § 231.6 Procedures—overseas banks. (a) General provisions of banking services overseas....

  20. 32 CFR 231.6 - Procedures-overseas banks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Procedures-overseas banks. 231.6 Section 231.6...) MISCELLANEOUS PROCEDURES GOVERNING BANKS, CREDIT UNIONS AND OTHER FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS ON DOD INSTALLATIONS Guidelines § 231.6 Procedures—overseas banks. (a) General provisions of banking services overseas....

  1. Environmental Conditions During Transport of Shelled Peanuts in Overseas Containers

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Peanuts exported overseas may be in transit from the shelling plant or cold storage to the overseas manufacturer for 30 d or more. In some instances, quality assurance testing at the overseas destination indicates that peanuts no longer meet contractual quality specifications. Considerable effort a...

  2. 76 FR 30228 - Overseas Schools Advisory Council Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-24

    ... presentation on current education issues in the United States and their impact on American-sponsored overseas... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Overseas Schools Advisory Council Notice of Meeting The Overseas Schools Advisory Council, Department of...

  3. 78 FR 33465 - Overseas Schools Advisory Council; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-04

    ... the World Virtual School. The Regional Education Officers in the Office of Overseas Schools will make... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Overseas Schools Advisory Council; Notice of Meeting The Overseas Schools Advisory Council, Department of...

  4. 75 FR 177 - Overseas Schools Advisory Council Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Overseas Schools Advisory Council Notice of Meeting The Overseas Schools Advisory Council, Department of State... public and will last until approximately 12 p.m. The Overseas Schools Advisory Council works closely...

  5. Intrinsic Factors Affecting Overseas Student Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Firmin, Michael W.; MacKay, Brenda B.; Firmin, Ruth L.

    2007-01-01

    We conducted a qualitative research study involving 13 undergraduate students who completed their student-teaching in overseas contexts. Participants completed two waves of interviews immediately after returning to campus from their multicultural experiences. Three intrinsic factors were found to have the greatest impact on students' overseas…

  6. Overseas Staffing for the New Europe.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krupp, Neil B.

    1990-01-01

    To manage a company's overseas operations effectively, a human resources manager needs a basic understanding of the three types of employees that will work in the facilities: (1) local nationals; (2) third-country nationals; and (3) U.S. foreign service employees. (JOW)

  7. Cedo; Center for Educational Development Overseas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Educational Development Overseas, London (England).

    The Centre for Educational Development Overseas (CEDO) was created in Britain in 1970 to assist developing nations with modernization and innovation in education. CEDO has aided both formal and informal education projects in several nations including Brazil, India, Ethiopia, Malaysia, and Tonga. Aid is usually offered in response to requests from…

  8. Women's Guide to Overseas Living. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Piet-Pelon, Nancy J.; Hornby, Barbara

    This book examines issues critical to women and their families who go abroad to live. In advising how to cope effectively with the problems that arise, the book illuminates the advantages of living overseas and offers practical suggestions and guidelines that help women take advantage of the opportunity to share in another culture. Divided into 13…

  9. Effects of oxidative stress on the solubility of HRD1, a ubiquitin ligase implicated in Alzheimer's disease.

    PubMed

    Saito, Ryo; Kaneko, Masayuki; Kitamura, Yoshihisa; Takata, Kazuyuki; Kawada, Koichi; Okuma, Yasunobu; Nomura, Yasuyuki

    2014-01-01

    The E3 ubiquitin ligase HRD1 is found in the endoplasmic reticulum membrane of brain neurons and is involved in endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation. We previously demonstrated that suppression of HRD1 expression in neurons causes accumulation of amyloid precursor protein, resulting in amyloid β production associated with endoplasmic reticulum stress and apoptosis. Furthermore, HRD1 levels are significantly decreased in the cerebral cortex of Alzheimer's disease patients because of its insolubility. The mechanisms that affect HRD1 solubility are not well understood. We here show that HRD1 protein was insolubilized by oxidative stress but not by other Alzheimer's disease-related molecules and stressors, such as amyloid β, tau, and endoplasmic reticulum stress. Furthermore, we raise the possibility that modifications of HRD1 by 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal, an oxidative stress marker, decrease HRD1 protein solubility and the oxidative stress led to the accumulation of HRD1 into the aggresome. Thus, oxidative stress-induced HRD1 insolubilization might be involved in a vicious cycle of increased amyloid β production and amyloid β-induced oxidative stress in Alzheimer's disease pathogenesis. PMID:24788773

  10. British Contributions to Medical Libraries Overseas

    PubMed Central

    Clark, Hilda M.

    1965-01-01

    Since the Second World War, Britain has established or rehabilitated medical schools in eight territories for which she has some responsibility, and, through the British Council, she is making medical library services available in many other countries. Official organizations and professional bodies provide abstract and review journals which enable medical men overseas to keep abreast of modern knowledge, while the Library Association Medical Section and the British National Book Centre have established flourishing exchange services, whose facilities are offered to medical libraries abroad. The most pressing need in developing countries at the present time is for professional medical librarians. Opportunities for training in Britain are open to librarians through at least six official sources besides the British Council and World Health Organization, but so far only two trainees have presented themselves on such grants. Less experienced librarians in the developing countries also need the continuing support of their senior colleagues overseas. PMID:14223737

  11. The Use of Internet Courses in HRD Programs. Innovative Session 3. [Concurrent Innovative Session at AHRD Annual Conference, 2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwindt, Robert C.; Tsai, Ping-Lun

    Faculty members at 58 institutions belonging to the Academy of Human Resource Development (AHRD) were surveyed to identify trends in the use of Internet courses in graduate human resource development (HRD) programs. Of the 27 institutions that submitted valid responses, 10 offered Internet courses in HRD and 17 did not. Of the 17 that did not, 2…

  12. The HRD Competencies as Perceived by the Human Resource Development Professionals in Banks in Cote d'Ivoire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Konan, Affoue Zitagisele

    2010-01-01

    The purposes of this study were to identify how Ivorian HRD professionals in banks perceived their current expertise levels of the HRD competencies, and how these professionals perceived the importance of these competencies needed to be successful in their occupations. In addition, this study determined competencies that are perceived to have the…

  13. A Place at the Table? The Organization of a Pre-Conference Symposium on LGBT Issues in HRD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt, Steven W.; Githens, Rod P.

    2010-01-01

    The idea for a pre-conference session focusing on lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) issues in human resource development (HRD) seemed an appropriate topic for an international conference on HRD. The LGBT rights movement has been closely linked with the world of work and the opportunities made available through shifts from an agrarian…

  14. Behavioral Indicators of Manager and Managerial Leader Effectiveness: An Example of HRD Professional Partnership Research from the UK Private Sector

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamlin, Robert G.; Bassi, Nirmal

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents the results of an "HRD Professional Partnership" study of managerial and leadership effectiveness within a UK private sector organization, and discusses how the results are being used to support evidence-based HRD practice. The paper also reveals the extent to which the results are generalized to findings obtained from several…

  15. Illustrating Relevance, Questioning Norms, and Creating Space: Three Steps for Teaching Critical Perspectives in the HRD Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, Joshua C.

    2013-01-01

    Scholarly dialogue in HRD (Human Resource Development) has become gradually more accepting of essential conversations regarding equity and social justice in research. However, much work remains in bridging the gaps between this scholarship and the practice of HRD. One way to create change is through teaching, as the ways in which we choose to…

  16. The ER membrane-anchored ubiquitin ligase Hrd1 is a positive regulator of T-cell immunity

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Yuanming; Zhao, Fang; Qiu, Quan; Chen, Kun; Wei, Juncheng; Kong, Qingfei; Gao, Beixue; Melo-Cardenas, Johanna; Zhang, Bin; Zhang, Jinping; Song, Jianxun; Zhang, Donna D.; Zhang, Jianing; Fan, Yunping; Li, Huabin; Fang, Deyu

    2016-01-01

    Identification of positive regulators of T-cell immunity induced during autoimmune diseases is critical for developing novel therapies. The endoplasmic reticulum resident ubiquitin ligase Hrd1 has recently emerged as a critical regulator of dendritic cell antigen presentation, but its role in T-cell immunity is unknown. Here we show that genetic deletion of Hrd1 in mice inhibits T-cell proliferation, production of IL-2, and differentiation of Th1 and Th17 cells, and consequently protects mice from experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Hrd1 facilitates T-cell proliferation by the destruction of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27kip1, and deletion of p27kip1 in Hrd1-null T-cells rescues proliferative capacity but not the production of cytokines, including IL-2, IFN-γ and IL-17. T-cell expression of Hrd1 is higher in patients with multiple sclerosis than in healthy individuals, and knockdown of Hrd1 in human CD4+ T cells inhibits activation and differentiation to Th1 and Th17 cells. Our study identifies Hrd1 as a previously unappreciated positive regulator of T cells and implies that Hrd1 is a potential therapeutic target for autoimmune diseases. PMID:27417417

  17. Is Mauritius Ready to Become the HRD Leader in Africa? An Assessment of Strategic Human Resource Development in Mauritius

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dusoye, Indravidoushi C.; Oogarah, Kavi

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to explore the applicability of Strategic HRD in Mauritius. Additionally, it assesses if Mauritius, with a high HDI factor, can take the lead on Strategic HRD in Africa. Design/methodology/approach: This paper used a mixed-approach questionnaire. A sample of 21 managers was contacted and received a response rate of 67 per…

  18. gp78 functions downstream of Hrd1 to promote degradation of misfolded proteins of the endoplasmic reticulum

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Ting; Xu, Yue; Liu, Yanfen; Ye, Yihong

    2015-01-01

    Eukaryotic cells eliminate misfolded proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) via a conserved process termed ER-associated degradation (ERAD). Central regulators of the ERAD system are membrane-bound ubiquitin ligases, which are thought to channel misfolded proteins through the ER membrane during retrotranslocation. Hrd1 and gp78 are mammalian ubiquitin ligases homologous to Hrd1p, an ubiquitin ligase essential for ERAD in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. However, the functional relevance of these proteins to Hrd1p is unclear. In this paper, we characterize the gp78-containing ubiquitin ligase complex and define its functional interplay with Hrd1 using biochemical and recently developed CRISPR-based genetic tools. Our data show that transient inactivation of the gp78 complex by short hairpin RNA–mediated gene silencing causes significant stabilization of both luminal and membrane ERAD substrates, but unlike Hrd1, which plays an essential role in retrotranslocation and ubiquitination of these ERAD substrates, knockdown of gp78 does not affect either of these processes. Instead, gp78 appears to act downstream of Hrd1 to promote ERAD via cooperation with the BAG6 chaperone complex. We conclude that the Hrd1 complex forms an essential retrotranslocation module that is evolutionarily conserved, but the mammalian ERAD system uses additional ubiquitin ligases to assist Hrd1 during retrotranslocation. PMID:26424800

  19. The interplay of Hrd3 and the molecular chaperone system ensures efficient degradation of malfolded secretory proteins

    PubMed Central

    Mehnert, Martin; Sommermeyer, Franziska; Berger, Maren; Kumar Lakshmipathy, Sathish; Gauss, Robert; Aebi, Markus; Jarosch, Ernst; Sommer, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    Misfolded proteins of the secretory pathway are extracted from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), polyubiquitylated by a protein complex termed the Hmg-CoA reductase degradation ligase (HRD-ligase), and degraded by cytosolic 26S proteasomes. This process is termed ER-associated protein degradation (ERAD). We previously showed that the membrane protein Der1, which is a subunit of the HRD-ligase, is involved in the export of aberrant polypeptides from the ER. Unexpectedly, we also uncovered a close spatial proximity of Der1 and the substrate receptor Hrd3 in the ER lumen. We report here on a mutant Hrd3KR that is selectively defective for ERAD of soluble proteins. Hrd3KR displays subtle structural changes that affect its positioning toward Der1. Furthermore, increased quantities of the ER-resident Hsp70-type chaperone Kar2 and the Hsp40-type cochaperone Scj1 bind to Hrd3KR. Of note, deletion of SCJ1 impairs ERAD of model substrates and causes the accumulation of client proteins at Hrd3. Our data imply a function of Scj1 in the removal of malfolded proteins from the receptor Hrd3, which facilitates their delivery to downstream-acting components like Der1. PMID:25428985

  20. The ER membrane-anchored ubiquitin ligase Hrd1 is a positive regulator of T-cell immunity.

    PubMed

    Xu, Yuanming; Zhao, Fang; Qiu, Quan; Chen, Kun; Wei, Juncheng; Kong, Qingfei; Gao, Beixue; Melo-Cardenas, Johanna; Zhang, Bin; Zhang, Jinping; Song, Jianxun; Zhang, Donna D; Zhang, Jianing; Fan, Yunping; Li, Huabin; Fang, Deyu

    2016-01-01

    Identification of positive regulators of T-cell immunity induced during autoimmune diseases is critical for developing novel therapies. The endoplasmic reticulum resident ubiquitin ligase Hrd1 has recently emerged as a critical regulator of dendritic cell antigen presentation, but its role in T-cell immunity is unknown. Here we show that genetic deletion of Hrd1 in mice inhibits T-cell proliferation, production of IL-2, and differentiation of Th1 and Th17 cells, and consequently protects mice from experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Hrd1 facilitates T-cell proliferation by the destruction of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27(kip1), and deletion of p27(kip1) in Hrd1-null T-cells rescues proliferative capacity but not the production of cytokines, including IL-2, IFN-γ and IL-17. T-cell expression of Hrd1 is higher in patients with multiple sclerosis than in healthy individuals, and knockdown of Hrd1 in human CD4(+) T cells inhibits activation and differentiation to Th1 and Th17 cells. Our study identifies Hrd1 as a previously unappreciated positive regulator of T cells and implies that Hrd1 is a potential therapeutic target for autoimmune diseases. PMID:27417417

  1. OsHrd3 is necessary for maintaining the quality of endoplasmic reticulum-derived protein bodies in rice endosperm.

    PubMed

    Ohta, Masaru; Takaiwa, Fumio

    2015-08-01

    Large amounts of seed storage proteins (SSPs) are produced in the maturing endosperm of rice seeds. Rice SSPs are synthesized as secretory proteins on the rough endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and are transported and deposited into protein complexes called protein bodies (PB-I and PB-II). Due to the high production of SSPs, unfolded SSPs may be generated during this process. However, it was previously unclear how such unfolded proteins are selected among synthesized products and removed from the ER to maintain protein quality in the endosperm. Since Hrd3/SEL1L recognizes unfolded proteins in yeast and mammalian protein quality control systems, the role of OsHrd3 in protein quality control in rice endosperm was investigated. Co-immunoprecipitation experiments demonstrated that OsHrd3 interacts with components of the Hrd1 ubiquitin ligase complex such as OsOS-9 and OsHrd1 in rice protoplasts. Endosperm-specific suppression of OsHrd3 in transgenic rice reduced the levels of polyubiquitinated proteins and resulted in unfolded protein responses (UPRs) in the endosperm, suggesting that OsHrd3-mediated polyubiquitination plays an important role in ER quality control. It was found that a cysteine-rich 13kDa prolamin, RM1, was polyubiquitinated in wild-type (WT) seeds but not in OsHrd3 knockdown (KD) seeds. RM1 formed aberrant aggregates that were deposited abnormally in OsHrd3 KD seeds, resulting in deformed PB-I. Therefore, the quality of protein bodies is maintained by polyubiquitination of unfolded SSPs through the Hrd1 ubiquitin ligase system in rice endosperm. PMID:25977235

  2. OsHrd3 is necessary for maintaining the quality of endoplasmic reticulum-derived protein bodies in rice endosperm

    PubMed Central

    Ohta, Masaru; Takaiwa, Fumio

    2015-01-01

    Large amounts of seed storage proteins (SSPs) are produced in the maturing endosperm of rice seeds. Rice SSPs are synthesized as secretory proteins on the rough endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and are transported and deposited into protein complexes called protein bodies (PB-I and PB-II). Due to the high production of SSPs, unfolded SSPs may be generated during this process. However, it was previously unclear how such unfolded proteins are selected among synthesized products and removed from the ER to maintain protein quality in the endosperm. Since Hrd3/SEL1L recognizes unfolded proteins in yeast and mammalian protein quality control systems, the role of OsHrd3 in protein quality control in rice endosperm was investigated. Co-immunoprecipitation experiments demonstrated that OsHrd3 interacts with components of the Hrd1 ubiquitin ligase complex such as OsOS-9 and OsHrd1 in rice protoplasts. Endosperm-specific suppression of OsHrd3 in transgenic rice reduced the levels of polyubiquitinated proteins and resulted in unfolded protein responses (UPRs) in the endosperm, suggesting that OsHrd3-mediated polyubiquitination plays an important role in ER quality control. It was found that a cysteine-rich 13kDa prolamin, RM1, was polyubiquitinated in wild-type (WT) seeds but not in OsHrd3 knockdown (KD) seeds. RM1 formed aberrant aggregates that were deposited abnormally in OsHrd3 KD seeds, resulting in deformed PB-I. Therefore, the quality of protein bodies is maintained by polyubiquitination of unfolded SSPs through the Hrd1 ubiquitin ligase system in rice endosperm. PMID:25977235

  3. 77 FR 43578 - Applications for New Awards; American Overseas Research Centers Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-25

    ... Applications for New Awards; American Overseas Research Centers Program AGENCY: Office of Postsecondary Education, Department of Education. ACTION: Notice. Overview Information American Overseas Research Centers...: The American Overseas Research Centers (AORC) program provides grants to consortia of institutions...

  4. Overseas shipments of 48Y cylinders

    SciTech Connect

    Tanaka, R.T.; Furlan, A.S.

    1991-12-31

    This paper describes experiences with two incidents of overseas shipments of uranium hexafluoride (UF{sub 6}) cylinders. The first incident involved nine empty UF{sub 6} cylinders in enclosed sea containers. Three UF{sub 6} cylinders broke free from their tie-downs and damaged and contaminated several sea containers. This paper describes briefly how decontamination was carried out. The second incident involved a shipment of 14 full UF{sub 6} cylinders. Although the incident did not cause an accident, the potential hazard was significant. The investigation of the cause of the near accident is recounted. Recommendations to alleviate future similar incidents for both cases are presented.

  5. Association of the SEL1L protein transmembrane domain with HRD1 ubiquitin ligase regulates ERAD-L.

    PubMed

    Hosokawa, Nobuko; Wada, Ikuo

    2016-01-01

    Misfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) are transported to the cytoplasm for degradation by the ubiquitin-proteasome system, a process otherwise known as ER-associated degradation (ERAD). Mammalian HRD1, an integral membrane ubiquitin ligase that ubiquitinates ERAD substrates, forms a large assembly in the ER membrane including SEL1L, a single-pass membrane protein, and additional components. The mechanism by which these molecules export misfolded proteins through the ER membrane remains unclear. Unlike Hrd3p, the homologue in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, human SEL1L is an unstable protein, which is restored by the association with HRD1. Here we report that the inherently unstable nature of the human SEL1L protein lies in its transmembrane domain, and that association of HRD1 with the SEL1L transmembrane domain restored its stability. On the other hand, we found that the SEL1L luminal domain escaped degradation, and inhibited the degradation of misfolded α1 -antitrypsin variant null Hong Kong by retaining the misfolded cargo in the ER. Overexpression of HRD1 inhibited the degradation of unfolded secretory cargo, which was restored by the interaction of HRD1 with the SEL1L transmembrane domain. Hence, we propose that SEL1L critically regulates HRD1-mediated disposal of misfolded cargo through its short membrane spanning stretch. PMID:26471130

  6. HRD in Asia. Symposium 35. [Concurrent Symposium Session at AHRD Annual Conference, 2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2000

    This document consists of three symposia papers on human resources development (HRD) in Asia. "The Impact of Action Learning on the Conflict-Handling Styles of Managers in a Malaysian Firm" (Antony Hii, Michael J. Marquardt) presented results of a quantitative study of a three-month action learning program on managers' conflict-management skills.…

  7. Contemporary Approaches for Assessing Outcomes on Training, Education, and HRD Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brauchle, Paul E.; Schmidt, Klaus

    2004-01-01

    When educators, trainers, and human resource development (HRD) practitioners are asked to produce evidence that supports the productivity of the training enterprise, they are often frustrated by the lack of simple and effective methods for assessment. While administrators in an organization are likely to know exactly how much training costs, they…

  8. Exploring the Contribution of Workplace Learning to an HRD Strategy in the Scottish Legal Profession

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, Sandra; Harmel-Law, Amanda

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the relevance of human resource development (HRD) for law firms in the UK. It examines how the characteristics of legal professional practice in the UK, including the partnership structure, long established methods of targeting solicitors and the law society, may act as barriers to the…

  9. Core Directions in HRD. [Concurrent Symposium Session at AHRD Annual Conference, 1998.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1998

    This document contains three papers from a symposium on core directions in human resource development (HRD). In "Expertise: The Development of an Operational Definition for Human Resource Development" (Richard W. Herling), expertise is defined as consistent demonstrated actions that are efficient in their execution and effective in their results.…

  10. Hard Times for HRD, Lean Times for Learning?: Workplace Participatory Practices as Enablers of Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warhurst, Russell

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: This article aims to show how in times of austerity when formal HRD activity is curtailed and yet the need for learning is greatest, non-formal learning methods such as workplace involvement and participation initiated by line managers can compensate by enabling the required learning and change. Design/methodology/approach: A qualitative…

  11. Forgiveness as an HRD Intervention: The Literature and a Proposed Framework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madsen, Susan R.; Gygi, Janice; Hammond, Scott C.; Plowman, Suzanne

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this review is to explore the literature related to interpersonal forgiveness in organizations and its possible implications for HRD (human resource development) theory and practice. It defines forgiveness and provides a theoretical framework for its consideration within the workplace environment. It also reviews and discusses the…

  12. Mastering the HRD Matrix: Generating ROI by Linking to Business Strategy. Innovative Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalata, Erica D.; Satterfield, Mary Ellen; Klees, Phyllis

    This innovative session provides a vehicle for facilitating dialogue and practical application of effective tools for linking human resource development (HRD) strategies with business/organizational strategies. The primary goal is to provide an increased understanding of and skill using practical, research-based approaches and techniques to build…

  13. HRD Challenges Faced in the Post-Global Financial Crisis Period--Insights from the UK

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keeble-Ramsay, Diane Rose; Armitage, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The paper aims to report initial empirical research that examines UK employees' perceptions of the changing nature of work since the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) to consider how the financial context may have constrained HRD practice and more sustainable approaches. Design/methodology/approach: Focus group research was facilitated…

  14. A Contemporary Conspectus of Business Ethics Education: Content and Pedagogy for HRD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gedro, Julie

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, I would like to offer the suggestion that HRD (human resource development) become an ethics champion within the corporations and the organizations we serve. By surveying and synthesizing literature from higher education and professional associations on business ethics theory and practice, this paper provides both rationale as well…

  15. Spanning the HRD Academic-Practitioner Divide: Bridging the Gap through Mode 2 Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, David E.; Iles, Paul; Watson, Sandra

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: This article aims to explore dimensions and tensions in the relationship between theory (usually produced by academics) and practice (the domain, normally of practitioners) in human resource development (HRD). Design/methodology/approach: The paper examines, from a conceptual perspective, the nature of mode 2 research, where knowledge is…

  16. Toward an Integrated Model of Expertise Redevelopment and Its Implications for HRD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grenier, Robin S.; Kehrhahn, Marijke

    2008-01-01

    Traditionally, expertise theories have focused on skills acquisition with little regard for the domain or contextual factors affecting expertise development and retention. Because the development, retention, and recruiting of individuals with expertise is critical to organizational success, it is essential that HRD professionals understand the…

  17. Taiwan HRD Practitioner Competencies: An Application of the ASTD WLP Competency Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Angela Shin-yih; Bian, Min-dau; Hom, Yi-ming

    2005-01-01

    This paper aims to identify Taiwan HRD practitioners' perceived competency levels, and to evaluate the importance of 52 workplace learning and performance (WLP) competencies. The conceptual framework is adapted from the American Society of Training and Development (ASTD) models for WLP conducted by Rothwell, Sanders and Soper (1999). The survey…

  18. Undertaking HRD Research in Higher Education: A Longitudinal Approach to Evaluating Undergraduate "Enterprise Education" Modules

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harte, Victoria; Stewart, Jim

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: Educational programmes that are concerned with the learning and teaching of enterprise education, such as enterprise focused degrees and/or modules, could be argued to be of particular interest to human resource development (HRD) research since they commonly have an overt focus on influencing and shaping the career choices of students.…

  19. Career Management in Transition: HRD Themes from the Estonian Civil Service

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rees, Christopher J.; Jarvalt, Jane; Metcalfe, Beverley

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: To explore, through a case study, some of the key career-related HRD issues that senior managers are currently facing in the Estonian civil service. Design/methodology/approach: Presents primary empirical research into career management in the Estonian civil service since 1991, that is, in the post-Soviet era. The research involved…

  20. Invited Reaction: Protecting the Birds' Feathers--Keeping Ideology out of MBA and HRD Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowman, Jeffry S.

    2007-01-01

    In reference to Peter Kuchinke's manuscript, the author points out that current MBA programs suffer from a myriad of ills that are somehow detrimental to organizations and that there is a similar problem with human resource development (HRD) programs (hence the reference in the title to "birds of a feather"). In this article, he shares his…

  1. HRD Practices and Talent Management in the Companies with the Employer Brand

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kucherov, Dmitry; Zavyalova, Elena

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The employer brand could be a key factor of competitiveness for a company in a contemporary labour market. The purpose of this paper is to identify the features of human resource development (HRD) practices and talent management in companies with employer brand (CEBs). Design/methodology/approach: The authors examined three economic…

  2. Devolving HRM and HRD to Line managers: The Case of Hilton International's UK Hotels

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maxwell, Gillian; Watson, Sandra

    2004-01-01

    This paper explores line manager responsibility for human resource management (HRM) and human resource development (HRD) in an international hotel organisation. The results identify a strong support system for line managers in relation to training and good relations with HR specialists. However, less evident is senior management support coupled…

  3. Organisational Learning and HRD: How Appropriate Are They for Small Firms?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saru, Essi

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to study human resource development (HRD) and organisational learning issues in a small expert organisation. Design/methodology/approach: This is a qualitative single case study conducted in one Finnish SME. It is part of an ongoing study. It is descriptive in nature and the aim is to find out whether the…

  4. The Future of HRD: PhD and Master's Programs in Colleges of Business

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, W. Clayton; Swanson, Richard A.; Dobbs, Rita L.; Morris, Michael Lane

    2006-01-01

    This symposium will highlight the systematic approach related to PhD and master's HRD programs uniquely situated in Colleges of Business. Strengths of these programs will be presented through identifying their collaboration with businesses, strong internship programs, external funding sources, and strong HR relationships in business, industry,…

  5. Institutionalization of Organizational Change: A Study of HRD Interventions in Singaporean, US, Japanese, and German Companies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osman-Gani, AAhad M.; Jacobs, Ronald L.

    2004-01-01

    Institutionalizing organizational change has emerged as an issue among organization researchers and managers alike. Institutionalization of change is derived from change management theory in its emphasis on understanding the roots of organizational success and failure. The field of HRD appears particularly poised to help organizations…

  6. Transformative Learning and First-Time Managers: How Can HRD Practitioners Help?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Nella A.; Rocco, Tonette S.

    2008-01-01

    The transition to management is one of the most difficult challenges first-time managers face--almost half fail. First-time managers may experience disorienting dilemmas that trigger transformative learning. HRD (human resource development) practitioners can assist in reducing the failure rate of first-time managers when they better understand the…

  7. An Analysis on Academicians Job Satisfaction in the Perspective of HRD Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Long, Choi Sang; Xuan, Sia Shi; Ismail, Wan Khairuzzaman Wan; Rasid, Siti Zaleha Abd; Kowang, Tan Owee

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the relationship between human resource development (HRD) practices and employees' job satisfaction. This study is conducted at a public university in Malaysia. A total of 95 questionnaires were collected out of 1110 distributed, indicating an 8.5% rate of return. All respondents were academic staff of the university. Four HRD…

  8. Role of HRD in Women's Career Development. Symposium 17. [AHRD Conference, 2001].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2001

    This symposium on the role of human resource development (HRD) in women's career development consists of three presentations. "Career Goals of Non-Managerial Women: An Adaptive Approach" (Linda M. Hite, Kimberly S. McDonald) reports an exploratory study that produced data from which these four themes emerged--adaptive goals, family influence,…

  9. Unsettling the Gender Binary: Experiences of Gender in Entrepreneurial Leadership and Implications for HRD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patterson, Nicola; Mavin, Sharon; Turner, Jane

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This feminist standpoint study aims to make an empirical contribution to the entrepreneurial leadership and HRD fields. Women entrepreneur leaders' experiences of gender will be explored through a framework of doing gender well and doing gender differently to unsettle the gender binary. Design/methodology/approach: Against a backcloth of…

  10. Development of a National HRD Strategy Model: Cases of India and China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alagaraja, Meera; Wang, Jia

    2012-01-01

    National human resource development (NHRD) literature describes the importance of developing human resources at the national level and presents several models. These models are primarily concerned with the national contexts of developing and underdeveloped countries. In contrast, the NHRD models in the non-HRD literature focus primarily on…

  11. Towards Artistry: A Critique of the HRD Performance Paradigm and a Suggested New Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Theodore

    2005-01-01

    This article critiques the performance approach to HRD and proposes a new model that takes into account the deep complexities inherent in the human transaction of work. In critically examining the dominant performance paradigm, meanings of work are examined, illustrating that the desire to work extends beyond extrinsic considerations. That work…

  12. Occupational Information and International Development. Improving HRD Diagnostics. NOICC Occasional Papers/1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrence, J. E. S.

    This paper explores, from two perspectives, the potential contribution of U.S. occupational information systems and other related programs to human resources development (HRD) in other countries, particularly in developing countries. The first perspective arises from initial and subsequent research on occupational information systems design and…

  13. Constructs of the Work/Life Interface and Their Importance to HRD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMillan, Heather S.; Morris, Michael Lane; Atchley, E. Kate

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to identify construct definitions and measurement tools for the work/life interface concepts: balance, conflict and facilitation. An understanding of these concepts is critical to HRD (human resource development) professionals because interventions designed to counter work/life interface issues can not be created, and…

  14. The European Social Fund: A Very Specific Case Instrument of HRD Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tome, Eduardo

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to review the intervention of the European Social Fund (ESF) as an instrument of human resource development (HRD) policies in the European labor market. Design/methodology/approach: The paper uses an economic background, and reviews the official documents produced by the ESF during its history to try to define its economic…

  15. High Performance Work System, HRD Climate and Organisational Performance: An Empirical Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muduli, Ashutosh

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to study the relationship between high-performance work system (HPWS) and organizational performance and to examine the role of human resource development (HRD) Climate in mediating the relationship between HPWS and the organizational performance in the context of the power sector of India. Design/methodology/approach: The…

  16. Teaching, Learning and Assessing HRD: Findings from a BMAF/UFHRD Research Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sambrook, Sally; Stewart, Jim

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: This paper seeks to analyse and explore the results of a research project, which aimed to identify recent and current research on TLA within HRD programmes. From that base the project also intended to identify areas for future research and a basis for establishing a Special Interest Group. Design/methodology/approach: A comprehensive…

  17. Developing Intercultural Competence through Overseas Student Teaching: Checking Our Assumptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cushner, Kenneth; Chang, Shu-Ching

    2015-01-01

    The following study was designed to determine the extent to which intercultural competence, as measured by the Intercultural Development Inventory, is impacted as a result of an overseas student teaching experience. Student teachers participating in an overseas student teaching experience from 8 to 15 weeks through the Consortium for Overseas…

  18. 48 CFR 731.205-70 - Overseas recruitment incentive.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Overseas recruitment... Organizations 731.205-70 Overseas recruitment incentive. Note: the term employee as used in this section means... recruitment incentive (ORI), to the extent the ORI: Is authorized by the contractor's normal policy...

  19. Black Students and Overseas Programs: Broadening the Base of Participation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council on International Educational Exchange, New York, NY.

    This publication presents essays (that represent some of the views expressed at a conference) on the participation of black students in overseas educational exchange programs. The aim is to suggest models for increasing the participation of black students in such programs and for improving the quality of their experience overseas. The six essays…

  20. 76 FR 26334 - Overseas Security Advisory Council (OSAC) Meeting Notice

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Overseas Security Advisory Council (OSAC) Meeting Notice Closed Meeting The Department of State announces a meeting of the U.S. State Department--Overseas Security Advisory Council on June 7 and 8. Pursuant to Section 10(d) of the Federal Advisory...

  1. 76 FR 78079 - Overseas Schools Advisory Council Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Overseas Schools Advisory Council Notice of Meeting The Overseas Schools Advisory Council, Department of State, will hold its Executive Committee Meeting on Thursday, January 19, 2012, at 9:30 a.m. in Conference Room 1107, Department of State Building,...

  2. Does Second Life Improve Mandarin Learning by Overseas Chinese Students?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lan, Yu-Ju

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of Second Life (SL) for improving the oral output of overseas Chinese students learning Mandarin Chinese (hereafter referred to as Mandarin). More than 1000 overseas Chinese students attend a university in northern Taiwan every year to learn Mandarin as a heritage language after graduating…

  3. 75 FR 32533 - Overseas Schools Advisory Council Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Overseas Schools Advisory Council Notice of Meeting The Overseas Schools Advisory Council, Department of State, will hold its Annual Meeting on Thursday, June 24, 2010, at 9:30 a.m. in Conference Room 1107, Department of State Building, 2201 C Street,...

  4. 75 FR 80566 - Overseas Schools Advisory Council Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Overseas Schools Advisory Council Notice of Meeting The Overseas Schools Advisory Council, Department of State, will hold its Executive Committee Meeting on Thursday, January 20, 2011, at 9:30 a.m. in Conference Room 1107, Department of State Building,...

  5. 78 FR 77195 - Overseas Schools Advisory Council; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Overseas Schools Advisory Council; Notice of Meeting The Overseas Schools Advisory Council, Department of State, will hold its Executive Committee Meeting on Thursday, January 23, 2014, at 9:30 a.m. in Conference Room 1107, Department of State Building,...

  6. 32 CFR Appendix I to Part 154 - Overseas Investigations

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Overseas Investigations I Appendix I to Part 154 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE SECURITY DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PERSONNEL SECURITY PROGRAM REGULATION Pt. 154, App. I Appendix I to Part 154—Overseas Investigations 1. Purpose The purpose of this appendix...

  7. 32 CFR 720.46 - Overseas screening programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Overseas screening programs. 720.46 Section 720... screening programs. The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) and the CMC shall incorporate procedures requiring... the United States into service overseas screening programs....

  8. Overseas Students in the United Kingdom University System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Robert

    1995-01-01

    This paper provides a historical account of the involvement of overseas students in United Kingdom universities and reviews the literature on student attitudes to their stay, relating this to the contemporary experiences of 11 overseas graduates of the University of Hull's master of arts program in social work. (MDM)

  9. 48 CFR 352.233-70 - Choice of law (overseas).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Choice of law (overseas). 352.233-70 Section 352.233-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations System HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES CLAUSES... Choice of law (overseas). As prescribed in 333.215-70(a), the Contracting Officer shall insert...

  10. 77 FR 75695 - Overseas Schools Advisory Council; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Overseas Schools Advisory Council; Notice of Meeting The Overseas Schools Advisory Council, Department of State...-sponsored project to expand the World Virtual School. Members of the public may attend the meeting and...

  11. Asian Megatrends and Management Education of Overseas Chinese

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johannesson, Jokull; Palona, Iryna

    2010-01-01

    Asian megatrends are necessitating the development of management education of ethnic groups like the overseas Chinese and, universities need to change accordingly. This article identifies five Asian megatrends and their impact on the management education of overseas Chinese. The megatrends are: the emergence of women in politics and business; a…

  12. 77 FR 32168 - Overseas Schools Advisory Council Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Overseas Schools Advisory Council Notice of Meeting The Overseas Schools Advisory Council, Department of State, will hold its Annual Meeting on Thursday, June 21, 2012, at 9:30 a.m. in Conference Room 1107, Department of State Building, 2201 C Street...

  13. Overseas Students: Statistics 1998 and 1999. At a Glance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Centre for Vocational Education Research, Leabrook (Australia).

    In 1999, 157,800 overseas students studied in universities, vocational education and training (VET) institutions, schools, and other education and training organizations in Australia. Some 20 percent of all overseas students undertook VET programs; of these, 55 percent were enrolled with providers in the public VET sector. The majority of overseas…

  14. 32 CFR 637.19 - Overseas MP desk.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Overseas MP desk. 637.19 Section 637.19 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS MILITARY POLICE INVESTIGATION Investigations § 637.19 Overseas MP desk. The recording of...

  15. 32 CFR 637.19 - Overseas MP desk.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Overseas MP desk. 637.19 Section 637.19 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS MILITARY POLICE INVESTIGATION Investigations § 637.19 Overseas MP desk. The recording of...

  16. 32 CFR 637.19 - Overseas MP desk.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Overseas MP desk. 637.19 Section 637.19 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS MILITARY POLICE INVESTIGATION Investigations § 637.19 Overseas MP desk. The recording of...

  17. 32 CFR 637.19 - Overseas MP desk.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Overseas MP desk. 637.19 Section 637.19 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS MILITARY POLICE INVESTIGATION Investigations § 637.19 Overseas MP desk. The recording of...

  18. 32 CFR 637.19 - Overseas MP desk.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Overseas MP desk. 637.19 Section 637.19 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS MILITARY POLICE INVESTIGATION Investigations § 637.19 Overseas MP desk. The recording of...

  19. Does Price Matter? Overseas Students in UK Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soo, Kwok Tong; Elliott, Caroline

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the determinants of the choice of UK universities by overseas undergraduate applicants. We use data on overseas applicants in Business Studies and Engineering from 2002 to 2007, to 97 UK universities. Estimating using a Hausman-Taylor model to control for the possible correlation between our explanatory variables and…

  20. [One case of overseas imported quartan malaria].

    PubMed

    Sui, Miao-miao; Zhao, Shuai; Li, Jin; Xu, Yan

    2015-06-01

    A case of overseas imported quartan malaria was reported in Weihai City. The patient worked in Africa for many years, had no blood transfusion history, and had not been to malaria endemic regions of China. In approximately half a month after returning from Africa, the patient appeared suspected malaria symptoms, such as irregular fever, sweating, and headache. The patient was diagnosed as quartan malaria by a blood test in basic hospital, reviewed with a microscope by Weihai Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, and checked through the microscopic examination of malaria diagnosis and reference laboratory and PCR amplification by Shandong Institute of Parasitic Diseases. The patient was cured after the treatment with chloroquine/ primaquine for 8 days, and did not recur in the 3-month following up. PMID:26510375

  1. Misfolded membrane proteins are specifically recognized by the transmembrane domain of the Hrd1p ubiquitin ligase

    PubMed Central

    Sato, Brian K.; Schulz, Daniel; Do, Phong H.

    2009-01-01

    Summary Quality control pathways such as ER-associated degradation (ERAD) employ a small number of factors to specifically recognize a wide variety of protein substrates. Delineating the mechanisms of substrate selection is a principle goal in studying quality control. The Hrd1p ubiquitin ligase mediates ERAD of numerous misfolded proteins including soluble, lumenal ERAD-L and membrane-anchored ERAD-M substrates. We tested if the Hrd1p multi-spanning membrane domain was involved in ERAD-M specificity. In this work, we have identified site-directed membrane domain mutants of Hrd1p impaired only for ERAD-M and normal for ERAD-L. Furthermore, other Hrd1p variants were specifically deficient for degradation of individual ERAD-M substrates. Thus, the Hrd1p transmembrane region bears determinants of high specificity in the ERAD-M pathway. From in vitro and interaction studies, we suggest a model in which the Hrd1p membrane domain employs intra-membrane residues to evaluate substrate misfolding, leading to selective ubiquitination of appropriate ERAD-M clients. PMID:19394298

  2. Usa1p Is Required for Optimal Function and Regulation of the Hrd1p Endoplasmic Reticulum-associated Degradation Ubiquitin Ligase*

    PubMed Central

    Carroll, Sarah M.; Hampton, Randolph Y.

    2010-01-01

    Usa1p is a recently discovered member of the HRD ubiquitin ligase complex. The HRD pathway is a conserved route of ubiquitin-dependent, endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated degradation (ERAD) of numerous lumenal (ERAD-L) and membrane-anchored (ERAD-M) substrates. We have investigated Usa1p to understand its importance in HRD complex action. Usa1p was required for the optimal function of the Hrd1p E3 ubiquitin ligase; its loss caused deficient degradation of both membrane-associated and lumenal proteins. Furthermore, Usa1p functioned in regulation of Hrd1p by two mechanisms. First, Hrd1p self-degradation, which serves to limit the levels of uncomplexed E3, is absolutely dependent on Usa1p and the ubiquitin-like (Ubl) domain of Usa1p. We found that Usa1p allows Hrd1p degradation by promoting trans interactions between Hrd1p molecules. The Ubl domain of Usa1p was required specifically for Hrd1p self-ubiquitination but not for degradation of either ERAD-L or ERAD-M substrates. In addition, Usa1p was able to attenuate the activity-dependent toxicity of Hrd1p without compromising substrate degradation, indicating a separate role in ligase regulation that operates in parallel to stability control. Many of the described actions of Usa1p are distinct from those of Der1p, which is recruited to the HRD complex by Usa1p. Thus, this novel, conserved factor is broadly involved in the function and regulation of the HRD pathway of ERAD. PMID:19940128

  3. Role of 26S proteasome and HRD genes in the degradation of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase, an integral endoplasmic reticulum membrane protein.

    PubMed Central

    Hampton, R Y; Gardner, R G; Rine, J

    1996-01-01

    3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMG-R), a key enzyme of sterol synthesis, is an integral membrane protein of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). In both humans and yeast, HMG-R is degraded at or in the ER. The degradation of HMG-R is regulated as part of feedback control of the mevalonate pathway. Neither the mechanism of degradation nor the nature of the signals that couple the degradation of HMG-R to the mevalonate pathway is known. We have launched a genetic analysis of the degradation of HMG-R in Saccharomyces cerevisiae using a selection for mutants that are deficient in the degradation of Hmg2p, an HMG-R isozyme. The underlying genes are called HRD (pronounced "herd"), for HMG-CoA reductase degradation. So far we have discovered mutants in three genes: HRD1, HRD2, and HRD3. The sequence of the HRD2 gene is homologous to the p97 activator of the 26S proteasome. This p97 protein, also called TRAP-2, has been proposed to be a component of the mature 26S proteasome. The hrd2-1 mutant had numerous pleiotropic phenotypes expected for cells with a compromised proteasome, and these phenotypes were complemented by the human TRAP-2/p97 coding region. In contrast, HRD1 and HRD3 genes encoded previously unknown proteins predicted to be membrane bound. The Hrd3p protein was homologous to the Caenorhabditis elegans sel-1 protein, a negative regulator of at least two different membrane proteins, and contained an HRD3 motif shared with several other proteins. Hrd1p had no full-length homologues, but contained an H2 ring finger motif. These data suggested a model of ER protein degradation in which the Hrd1p and Hrd3p proteins conspire to deliver HMG-R to the 26S proteasome. Moreover, our results lend in vivo support to the proposed role of the p97/TRAP-2/Hrd2p protein as a functionally important component of the 26S proteasome. Because the HRD genes were required for the degradation of both regulated and unregulated substrates of ER degradation, the HRD genes are the

  4. Doing Independent Overseas Fieldwork 1: Practicalities and Pitfalls.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nash, David J.

    2000-01-01

    Provides an information guide about planning independent, human and physical geography fieldwork overseas and highlights potential problems that can occur. Includes a bibliography of essential information sources and addresses. (CMK)

  5. Mutations in the Catalytic Loop HRD Motif Alter the Activity and Function of Drosophila Src64

    PubMed Central

    Strong, Taylor C.; Kaur, Gurvinder; Thomas, Jeffrey H.

    2011-01-01

    The catalytic loop HRD motif is found in most protein kinases and these amino acids are predicted to perform functions in catalysis, transition to, and stabilization of the active conformation of the kinase domain. We have identified mutations in a Drosophila src gene, src64, that alter the three HRD amino acids. We have analyzed the mutants for both biochemical activity and biological function during development. Mutation of the aspartate to asparagine eliminates biological function in cytoskeletal processes and severely reduces fertility, supporting the amino acid's critical role in enzymatic activity. The arginine to cysteine mutation has little to no effect on kinase activity or cytoskeletal reorganization, suggesting that the HRD arginine may not be critical for coordinating phosphotyrosine in the active conformation. The histidine to leucine mutant retains some kinase activity and biological function, suggesting that this amino acid may have a biochemical function in the active kinase that is independent of its side chain hydrogen bonding interactions in the active site. We also describe the phenotypic effects of other mutations in the SH2 and tyrosine kinase domains of src64, and we compare them to the phenotypic effects of the src64 null allele. PMID:22132220

  6. HRD1-Mediated IGF-1R Ubiquitination Contributes to Renal Protection of Resveratrol in db/db Mice.

    PubMed

    Yan, Caifeng; Xu, Weifeng; Huang, Yujie; Li, Min; Shen, Yachen; You, Hui; Liang, Xiubin

    2016-06-01

    Many studies have provided evidence to demonstrate the beneficial renal effects of resveratrol (RESV) due to its antioxidant character and its capacity for activation of surtuin 1. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the protective role of RESV against kidney injury are still incompletely understood. The present study used Lepr db/db (db/db) and Lepr db/m (db/m) mice as models to evaluate the effect of RESV on diabetic nephropathy (DN). RESV reduced proteinuria and attenuated the progress of renal fibrosis in db/db mice. Treatment with RESV markedly attenuated the diabetes-induced changes in renal superoxide dismutase copper/zinc, superoxide dismutase manganese, catalase, and malonydialdehyde as well as the renal expression of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase 4 (NOX4), α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), and E-cadherin in db/db mice. The kidney expression of the IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) was increased in db/db mice, but the expression of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl reductase degradation (HRD1), a ubiquitin E3 ligase, was significantly decreased in the DN model. RESV treatment dramatically decreased IGF-1R and increased HRD1 expressions, consistent with data obtained with HKC-8 cells. HRD1 physically interacted with IGF-1R in HKC-8 cells and liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) data supported the concept that IGF-1R is one of the HRD1 substrates. HRD1 promoted the IGF-1R ubiquitination for degradation in HKC-8 cells, and the down-regulation of HRD1 reversed the protective effects of RESV in HKC-8 cells. In summary, we have demonstrated that RESV reduces proteinuria and attenuates the progression of renal fibrosis in db/db mice. These protective effects of RESV on DN were associated with the up-regulation of HRD1, induced by RESV, and the promotion of IGF-1R ubiquitination and degradation. PMID:27082896

  7. Overseas workers' remittances in Asian development.

    PubMed

    Stahl, C W; Arnold, F

    1986-01-01

    In recent years, overseas workers from Asia have been sending remittances of about $8 billion annually to their home countries. These remittances are an important source of precious foreign exchange for the major labor-exporting countries. The overall development impact of remittances, however, has not been well established. Remittances are spent primarily on day-to-day consumption expenditures, housing, land purchase, and debt repayment. Although only a small proportion of remittances are directed into productive investments, this does not warrant the conclusion that the developmental value of remittances is negligible. In fact, remittances spent on domestic goods and services Asia provide an important stimulus to indigenous industries and to the economies of the labor supplying countries. It is these broader macroeconomic benefits of remittances which seem to have been largely ignored in the literature, and this perhaps explains the pessimistic view of the developmental value of remittances. Reservations concerning the effects of remittance on the sending countries include the fears that 1) expenditure patterns of remittance receiving households may create a demonstration effect whereby nonmigrant households may increase consumption, 2) remittance inflow will increase income and wealth inequalities, 3) remittance expenditures may result in inflation, 4) remittances may produce only short-term fluctuations in long-term economic development, and 5) remittances may adversely affect agricultural development. PMID:12268294

  8. Inter-Generational Differences in Individualism/Collectivism Orientations: Implications for Outlook towards HRD/HRM Practices in India and the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ghosh, Rajashi; Chaudhuri, Sanghamitra

    2009-01-01

    This article proposes a conceptual model to explore the effects of intergenerational transition in individualism/collectivism orientations on the outlook towards different human resource development (HRD) and management practices. It contributes to the existing cross-cultural research in HRD by defining three prominent generations in India and by…

  9. Hrd1 and ER-Associated Protein Degradation, ERAD, Are Critical Elements of the Adaptive ER Stress Response in Cardiac Myocytes

    PubMed Central

    Doroudgar, Shirin; Völkers, Mirko; Thuerauf, Donna J; Khan, Mohsin; Mohsin, Sadia; Respress, Jonathan L; Wang, Wei; Gude, Natalie; Müller, Oliver J; Wehrens, Xander HT; Sussman, Mark A; Glembotski, Christopher C

    2015-01-01

    Rationale Hrd1 is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-transmembrane E3 ubiquitin ligase that has been studied in yeast, where it contributes to ER protein quality control by ER-associated degradation (ERAD) of misfolded proteins that accumulate during ER stress. Neither Hrd1 nor ERAD have been studied in the heart, or in cardiac myocytes, where protein quality control is critical for proper heart function. Objective The objectives of this study were to elucidate roles for Hrd1 in ER stress, ERAD, and viability in cultured cardiac myocytes and in the mouse heart, in vivo. Methods and Results The effects of siRNA-mediated Hrd1 knockdown were examined in cultured neonatal rat ventricular myocytes. The effects of adeno-associated virus (AAV)-mediated Hrd1 knockdown and overexpression were examined in the hearts of mice subjected to pressure-overload induced pathological cardiac hypertrophy, which challenges protein-folding capacity. In cardiac myocytes, the ER stressors, thapsigargin (TG) and tunicamycin (TM) increased ERAD, as well as adaptive ER stress proteins, and minimally affected cell death. However, when Hrd1 was knocked down, TG and TM dramatically decreased ERAD, while increasing maladaptive ER stress proteins and cell death. In vivo, Hrd1 knockdown exacerbated cardiac dysfunction, and increased apoptosis and cardiac hypertrophy, while Hrd1 overexpression preserved cardiac function, and decreased apoptosis and attenuated cardiac hypertrophy in the hearts of mice subjected to pressure-overload. Conclusions Hrd1 and ERAD are essential components of the adaptive ER stress response in cardiac myocytes. Hrd1 contributes to preserving heart structure and function in a mouse model of pathological cardiac hypertrophy. PMID:26137860

  10. 34 CFR 664.14 - What is an advanced overseas intensive language training project?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What is an advanced overseas intensive language... overseas intensive language training project? (a)(1) An advanced overseas intensive language project is... United States when providing intensive advanced foreign language training. (2) Project activities may...