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1

Chinese Sojourn Labor and the American Transcontinental Railroad  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the institutional arrangements and labor market forces that interacted in the construction of America's transcontinental railroad. The demand for Chinese laborers on the transcontinental railroad was a product of a complex set of relationships, including the transaction costs of turnover costs, labor queuing and demand-side learning. Institutions that facilitated the supply of Chinese workers included the Chinese

Scott Alan Carson

2005-01-01

2

Union Pacific Railroad: History and Photos  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Telling the history of the Union Pacific Railroad is a tall order, but this delightful site does the job quite effectively with historical photographs, maps, and thematic essays. The materials on the site are divided into sections that include "Union Pacific History and Chronologies", "Historical Equipment", "Photos", and "Reference". In the "History and Chronologies" area, visitors can learn about the company's history, read up on their distinctive logo, and learn about key people from the company's past such as Edward Henry Harriman and Jay Gould. In the "Maps" area, visitors can view current and historical maps of the company, and also learn about the construction timeline for the completion of the transcontinental railroad in 1869. Finally, visitors will want to use the "Reference" area to learn about past and present jobs on the railroad.

3

77 FR 57188 - Rusk, Palestine & Pacific Railroad, LLC-Operation Exemption-Texas State Railroad Authority  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Board [Docket No. FD 35669] Rusk, Palestine & Pacific Railroad, LLC--Operation...Texas State Railroad Authority Rusk, Palestine & Pacific Railroad, LLC (RP&P...railroad \\1\\ (the Line) between Rusk and Palestine, Tex., currently owned by the...

2012-09-17

4

77 FR 38884 - Wyoming Connect Railroad LLC-Acquisition and Operation Exemption-Union Pacific Railroad Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board [Docket No. FD 35640] Wyoming Connect Railroad LLC--Acquisition and Operation Exemption--Union Pacific Railroad Company Wyoming Connect Railroad LLC (WCR), a noncarrier, has filed a verified...

2012-06-29

5

76 FR 27171 - Northwestern Pacific Railroad Co.; Notice of Partial Relief from Emergency Order No. 21  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration [FRA Emergency Order...Notice No. 4] Northwestern Pacific Railroad Co.; Notice of Partial Relief...Emergency Order No. 21 AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration (FRA),...

2011-05-10

6

Government and the midwest railroads: notes on the demise of the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad Company  

SciTech Connect

The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad Co. declared bankruptcy in 1975. Reorganization efforts after entering bankruptcy are reported. The company sought federal and private funds and revamped its operating procedures to reduce the capital intensiveness of railroad activities. Railroad labor unions balked at the company's new policy to reduce personnel in order to operate a light-density railroad. Strikes created more cash flow problems, and the federal government directed another railroad company to take over operations of the line. Such federal favoring of unions over railroads poses a bleak future for the future maintenance of individual railroad companies.

Ingram, J.W.

1980-01-01

7

1. Contextual view to west of the Southern Pacific Railroad ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Contextual view to west of the Southern Pacific Railroad Carlin Shops buildings at Carlin, Nevada. Visible beneath the pedestrian bridge are the Engine Stores Building (HAER NV-26-A) left, Oil House (HAER NV-26-B) left center, and Roundhouse Machine Shop Extension (HAER NV-26-C) center background. The work train cars at right consist of the Boom Tender normally coupled to the wrecking crane and over which the crane's boom hung during travel, and a former Harriman standard-design Railway Post Office car (90mm lens). - Southern Pacific Railroad, Carlin Shops, Foot of Sixth Street, Carlin, Elko County, NV

8

78 FR 16569 - Iowa Pacific Holdings, LLC, Permian Basin Railways, and San Luis & Rio Grande Railroad-Corporate...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...operating as the Texas-New Mexico Railroad; (3) Chicago Terminal Railroad; (4) Mount Hood Railroad; (5) Rusk, Palestine & Pacific Railroad, LLC; (6) Santa Cruz and Monterey Bay Railway Company; and (7) West Texas & Lubbock...

2013-03-15

9

77 FR 51107 - Union Pacific Railroad Company-Abandonment Exemption-in Pocahontas County, IA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Pacific Railroad Company--Abandonment Exemption--in Pocahontas County, IA Union Pacific Railroad Company (UP) has filed...from milepost 475.15 to milepost 477.10 near Laurens, in Pocahontas County, Iowa (the Line). The Line traverses United...

2012-08-23

10

75 FR 65047 - Union Pacific Railroad Company-Abandonment Exemption-in Pulaski County, AR  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Board [Docket No. AB 33 (Sub-No. 289X)] Union Pacific Railroad Company--Abandonment Exemption--in Pulaski County, AR Union Pacific Railroad Company (UP) filed a verified notice of exemption under 49 CFR part 1152 subpart F-Exempt...

2010-10-21

11

75 FR 20874 - Union Pacific Railroad Company-Abandonment Exemption-in Orange County, CA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Union Pacific Railroad Company--Abandonment Exemption--in Orange County, CA Union Pacific Railroad Company (UP) filed a notice...milepost 507.5 to milepost 508.65 near the City of Brea, in Orange County, CA. The line traverses United States Postal...

2010-04-21

12

78 FR 33468 - Union Pacific Railroad Company-Abandonment Exemption-in Wright County, Iowa  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Union Pacific Railroad Company--Abandonment Exemption--in Wright County, Iowa Union Pacific Railroad Company (UP) has filed...from milepost 29.52 to milepost 30.02 near Belmond, in Wright County, Iowa (the Line). The Line traverses United...

2013-06-04

13

76 FR 1211 - Union Pacific Railroad Company-Abandonment Exemption-In Wright County, IA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Union Pacific Railroad Company--Abandonment Exemption--In Wright County, IA Union Pacific Railroad Company (UP) filed a verified...milepost -0.1, a distance of .45 miles, near Belmond, in Wright County, Iowa. The line traverses United States Postal...

2011-01-07

14

4. 'Ring Stones & Tunnel Sections, Tunnel #33,' Southern Pacific ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. 'Ring Stones & Tunnel Sections, Tunnel #33,' Southern Pacific Standard Double-Track Tunnel, ca. 1913. Compare to photos in documentation sets for Tunnel 18 (HAER No. CA-197), Tunnel 34 (HAER No. CA-206), and Tunnel 1 (HAER No. CA-207). - Central Pacific Transcontinental Railroad, Sacramento to Nevada state line, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

15

6. 'Tunnel No. 6, Concrete Lining,' Southern Pacific Standard SingleTrack ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. 'Tunnel No. 6, Concrete Lining,' Southern Pacific Standard Single-Track Tunnel, ca. 1909. Compare to photos in documentation set for Tunnel 27 (HAER No. CA-203). - Central Pacific Transcontinental Railroad, Sacramento to Nevada state line, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

16

77 FR 47918 - Chicago Central and Pacific Railroad Company-Abandonment Exemption-in Cook County, IL  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Pacific Railroad Company--Abandonment Exemption--in Cook County, IL Chicago Central and Pacific Railroad Company (CCP...milepost 11.88 and milepost 13.47, in North Riverside, Cook County, Ill. The line traverses United States Postal...

2012-08-10

17

A.J. Russell Photographs of the Construction of the Union Pacific Railroad  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Born in 1828 in Nunda, New York, Andrew J. Russell worked as a portrait and landscape painter as a young man. In 1862, he organized a local militia unit for service in the Civil War and he learned the craft of photography along the way. Several years later in 1868, he began a project to document the construction of the Union Pacific railroad during its long march to its meeting point with the Central Pacific in Promontory Point, Utah. Russell made three trips west in 1868 and 1869, and he made several hundred plate negatives as part of his extensive work. The Yale Collection of Western Americana has a great deal of his work, and this digital collection brings together a diverse set of these materials for consideration by the public. On the site, visitors can browse through these images, which include bridge construction photographs, shots of the surrounding landscapes, and men at work.

18

77 FR 49863 - Pacific Imperial Railroad, Inc.-Change in Operator Exemption-Rail Line of San Diego and Arizona...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Line of San Diego and Arizona Eastern Railway Company Pacific Imperial Railroad, Inc...pursuant to an agreement with Carrizo Gorge Railway, Inc. (CGR),\\1\\ from CGR to PIR...owned by San Diego and Arizona Eastern Railway Company (SD&AE). The agreement...

2012-08-17

19

77 FR 66217 - Arkansas-Oklahoma Railroad, Inc.-Lease and Operation Exemption-Lines of Union Pacific Railroad...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...rail lines. See Arkansas-Oklahoma R.R.--Trackage Rights...General Counsel, Arkansas-Oklahoma Railroad, Inc., P.O...UP, rather than with Kansas City Southern (KCS). The shippers...arrangement. See Arkansas-Oklahoma R.R.--Trackage...

2012-11-02

20

76 FR 36617 - Union Pacific Railroad Company-Abandonment Exemption-in Freeborn County, MN  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...milepost 119.65 at Curtis, the point of connection with the Albert Lea Subdivision, and the end of UP ownership at milepost 107...affected by the abandonment shall be protected under Oregon Short Line Railroad--Abandonment Portion Goshen Branch...

2011-06-22

21

78 FR 40267 - Chicago, Central & Pacific Railroad Company-Amended Trackage Rights Exemption-Grand Trunk Western...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Amended Trackage Rights Exemption--Grand Trunk Western Railroad Company Grand Trunk Western Railroad Company (GTW) has agreed to...R.--Trackage Rights Exemption-- Grand Trunk W. R.R., FD 35278 (STB served Aug....

2013-07-03

22

Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 10): Union Pacific Railroad Yard, Bannock County, Pocatello, ID. (First remedial action), September 1991. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Union Pacific Railroad Yard site is an active rail yard located in Pocatello, Bannock County, Idaho. Union Pacific Railroad (UPRR) began operations around the turn of the 20th century. UPRR constructed a treatment plant in 1961 to receive industrial wastewater and surface stormwater runoff from the railyard. Until 1983, sludge from the treatment plant's oil/water separator and from a dissolved air flotation unit was disposed in the onsite sludge pit. In 1983, EPA determined that seepage from UPRR's sludge pit, and from a nearby area where an oil tie treating facility was located were contributing to Upper Aquifer ground water contamination. The Record of Decision (ROD) addresses contamination of the Pocatello Sludge Pit located at the UPRR property. The primary contaminants of concern affecting the soil, sediment, sludge, and ground water are VOCs, other organics including PAHs and petroleum-based hydrocarbons (oils), and metals. The selected remedial action for the site is included.

Not Available

1991-09-10

23

Preliminary estimate of coal resources in the Gillette coalfield affected by the location of the Burlington Northern/Union Pacific joint mainline railroad  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This publication, primarily in graphic form, presents a preliminary resource assessment related to a major, near-term restriction to mining in that portion of the Gillette coalfield, Wyoming, that is traversed by the Burlington Northern/Union Pacific joint mainline railroad. This assessment is part of a current Powder River Basin regional coal assessment, including both resources and reserves, being conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey. The slides were used to illustrate a presentation of study results at a meeting of the Bureau of Land Management's Regional Coal Team in Casper, Wyoming on April 19, 2006 by the senior author.

Rohrbacher, Timothy J.; Haacke, Jon E.; Scott, David C.; Osmonson, Lee M.; Luppens, James A.

2006-01-01

24

Shoreham Railroad Bridge, Former Addison County Railroad (later, Rutland Railroad, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Shoreham Railroad Bridge, Former Addison County Railroad (later, Rutland Railroad, Addison Branch), spanning Lemon Fair River above Richville Pond, west of East Shoreham Road, Shoreham, Addison County, VT

25

Underground Railroad  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Introduction to the Underground Railroad and Michigan's role in its success. Interactive Sites! Check this out first! Overview of the Underground Railroad Quick Facts To Escape or Not to Escape? That is the Question Escape from Slavery Design Your Own Freedom Quilt Square Take the Underground Railroad Quiz Maps! Map of U.S. by Slavery vs. no Slavery All Routes Lead to Canada All Routes Lead to Canada undergroundrailroadconductor.com Underground Railroad Symbols! Secret Signs Symbols Language of the Underground Railroad Explanation of Follow the Drinking Gourd Why Follow the Drinking Gourd? Music With a Message Michigan's Underground Railroad ! Famous Michigan Sites-Second Baptist Church-Detroit, Michigan Famous Michigan Site-Dr. Nathan Thomas House- Schoolcraft, Michigan ...

Kelley, Mrs.

2007-12-04

26

77 FR 57188 - Iowa Pacific Holdings, LLC and Permian Basin Railways-Continuance in Control Exemption-Rusk...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Continuance in Control Exemption--Rusk, Palestine & Pacific Railroad, LLC Iowa Pacific...2) to continue in control of Rusk, Palestine & Pacific Railroad, LLC (RP&P...railroad (the Line) between Rusk and Palestine, Tex.\\2\\ The Line has no...

2012-09-17

27

77 FR 61658 - Idaho Northern & Pacific Railroad Company-Discontinuance of Trackage Rights Exemption-in Canyon...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Wednesday, October 10, 2012)] [Notices] [Page 61658] [FR Doc No: 2012-24796...Counties, ID On September 19, 2012, Idaho Northern & Pacific...and milepost 465.91, at Caldwell Junction, in Canyon,...

2012-10-10

28

CONNECTICUT RAILROAD  

EPA Science Inventory

This is a 1:24,000-scale datalayer that includes all of the railroads that appear on the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) 7½ minute topographic quadrangle maps that cover the State of Connecticut. It includes railroad tracks, sidings, underpasses, stations, etc. Since this datalaye...

29

77 FR 48204 - Notice of Application for Approval of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration [Docket Number FRA-2012-0064...of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System In accordance with Part...dated July 16, 2012, the Union Pacific Railroad Company (UP) has petitioned the...

2012-08-13

30

76 FR 41859 - Waiver Petition Docket Numbers FRA-2011-0002, CSX Transportation Railroad, and FRA-2004-17565...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration Waiver Petition Docket Numbers FRA-2011-0002, CSX Transportation Railroad, and FRA-2004-17565, Union Pacific Railroad; Public Hearing On February 23,...

2011-07-15

31

77 FR 9296 - Notice of Application for Approval of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration [Docket Number FRA-2012-0012...of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System In accordance with Part...January 18, 2012, the Union Pacific Railroad (UP) has petitioned the Federal...

2012-02-16

32

77 FR 1975 - Union Pacific Railroad Company-Discontinuance of Service Exemption-in Pittsburg, Hughes, and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Service Exemption--in Pittsburg, Hughes, and Seminole Counties, OK Union Pacific...of 57.69 miles,\\1\\ in Pittsburg, Hughes, and Seminole Counties, Okla. (the...milepost equation of 402.78 = 402.59 in Hughes County, which makes the line 0.19...

2012-01-12

33

78 FR 62012 - Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP13-132-000] Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Availability of the Draft...proposed by Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Company (Transco) in the above-referenced...Aviator Sports & Events Center,3159 Flatbush...

2013-10-11

34

Sulphite Railroad Bridge1896, Title Sheet Sulphite Railroad Bridge, Former ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Sulphite Railroad Bridge-1896, Title Sheet - Sulphite Railroad Bridge, Former Boston & Maine Railroad (originally Tilton & Franklin Railroad) spanning Winnipesautee River, Franklin, Merrimack County, NH

35

Railroad Repair  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this online math game from Cyberchase, sneaky Hacker has removed some of the tracks on the Trans-Cyberspace Railroad. Learners must repair the tracks so the Cybertrain can get back to Central Station. Learners add decimals and drag spare tracks to fill the missing spaces.

Wnet.org

2011-01-01

36

14. Interior, Machine Shop, Roundhouse Machine Shop Extension, Southern Pacific ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

14. Interior, Machine Shop, Roundhouse Machine Shop Extension, Southern Pacific Railroad Carlin Shops, view to north (90mm lens). - Southern Pacific Railroad, Carlin Shops, Roundhouse Machine Shop Extension, Foot of Sixth Street, Carlin, Elko County, NV

37

5. North side of throughtruss bridge over railroad tracks (bridge ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. North side of through-truss bridge over railroad tracks (bridge #U182512605). View to southwest. - South Omaha Union Stock Yards, "O" Street Viaduct, "O" Street Spanning Hog Pens; South Omaha Terminal Railway Company Tracks & Union Pacific Railroad Tracks, Omaha, Douglas County, NE

38

77 FR 66912 - Soo Line Railroad Company-Abandonment Exemption-in Cook County, IL  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Soo Line Railroad Company--Abandonment Exemption--in Cook County, IL Soo Line Railroad Company, d/b/a Canadian Pacific...railroad between milepost 2.38 +/- and milepost 5.26 +/- in Cook County, Ill. The line traverses United States Postal...

2012-11-07

39

Pacification.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Pacification is the military, political, economic, and social process of establishing or reestablishing local government responsive to and involving the participation of the people. As a program implemented jointly with the U.S. military effort in South V...

T. D. Tho

1980-01-01

40

10. VIEW OF YAKIMA VALLEY TRANSPORTATION COMPANY AND UNION PACIFIC ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. VIEW OF YAKIMA VALLEY TRANSPORTATION COMPANY AND UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD INTERCHANGE TRACKS AT YAKIMA - Yakima Valley Transportation Company Interurban Railroad, Connecting towns of Yakima, Selah & Wiley City, Yakima, Yakima County, WA

41

12. VIEW OF YAKIMA VALLEY TRANSPORTATION COMPANY AND UNION PACIFIC ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. VIEW OF YAKIMA VALLEY TRANSPORTATION COMPANY AND UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD INTERCHANGE TRACKS AT YAKIMA, SHOWING SOUTH END OF OVERHEAD WIRING TERMINATION - Yakima Valley Transportation Company Interurban Railroad, Connecting towns of Yakima, Selah & Wiley City, Yakima, Yakima County, WA

42

11. VIEW OF YAKIMA VALLEY TRANSPORTATION COMPANY AND UNION PACIFIC ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. VIEW OF YAKIMA VALLEY TRANSPORTATION COMPANY AND UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD INTERCHANGE TRACKS AT YAKIMA, SHOWING DETAIL OF OVERHEAD WIRING - Yakima Valley Transportation Company Interurban Railroad, Connecting towns of Yakima, Selah & Wiley City, Yakima, Yakima County, WA

43

77 FR 65446 - Iowa Pacific Holdings, LLC and Permian Basin Railways-Control Exemption-Cape Rail, Inc. and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Railway Company, and the Santa Cruz and Monterey Bay Railway Company. In addition, Iowa Pacific directly controls the Rusk, Palestine & Pacific Railroad. Cape currently owns Mass Coastal and Cape Cod Central Railroad (Cape Cod), an intrastate...

2012-10-26

44

Railroading Powder River style: bigger investments and bigger trains  

SciTech Connect

The Joint Line, co-owned and operated by Union Pacific and Burlington Norfolk Santa Fe (BNSF) railroads, carried a record 354 million tons of coal from Wyoming's Powder River Basin, on 15,000 to 17,000 ton trains. The average haul is almost 1,000 miles. Torrential rainfall and coal dust caused derailment and buckling problems in 2005. The article reports progress in repairing the track and expanding railroad capacity since then. Many are anxious about the railroad's ability to move ever increasing amounts of coal. 3 photos.

Buchsbaum, L.

2007-07-15

45

4. Approach to throughtruss bridge over railroad tracks (bridge #U182512605). ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. Approach to through-truss bridge over railroad tracks (bridge #U182512605). View to west. - South Omaha Union Stock Yards, "O" Street Viaduct, "O" Street Spanning Hog Pens; South Omaha Terminal Railway Company Tracks & Union Pacific Railroad Tracks, Omaha, Douglas County, NE

46

1. West portal of Tunnel 38, contextual view to east, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. West portal of Tunnel 38, contextual view to east, 135mm lens. West portal of Tunnel 3 (HAER CA-212) on original Central Pacific Transcontinental line visible in distance at left. - Central Pacific Transcontinental Railroad, Tunnel No. 38, Milepost 180.58, Cisco, Placer County, CA

47

Wired for success: A history of the Butte, Anaconda & Pacific Railway, 1892--1985  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Butte, Anaconda & Pacific Railway (BA&P) was a standard gauge common carrier short line railroad within the state of Montana. A subsidiary of the Anaconda Copper Mining Company, the BA&P was built to carry ore from mines at Butte, Montana to Anaconda, twenty-six miles away, for concentrating and smelting. Other freight and passenger business was of secondary importance. In 1912, when General Electric contracted to convert the BA&P from steam to electric operation, the short line became a proving ground for main line railroad electrification, and the center of attention from advocates for electric power. Electric operation was demonstrated to be mechanically superior to the use of steam locomotives on the BA&P. Immediately after the BA&P proved the technological feasibility of high voltage direct current for moving heavy freight trains, the Chicago Milwaukee & St. Paul (CM&St.P) electrified over 600 miles of transcontinental main line using the basic technology demonstrated on the BA&P. However, on long distances of track with relatively few trains such as the CM&St.P, the capital cost of the electric distribution system exceeded the operational savings obtained by use of electric locomotives. Steam locomotives remained the primary form of railroad motive power in the United States until the 1950's, when the diesel-electric locomotive combined the mechanical efficiency of electric motors with an on-board diesel generating plant, eliminating the need for expensive electric power supply and distribution wires of conventional electrics. The BA&P purchased three diesels in the early 1950's, but relied primarily on its electric locomotives until 1967, when diesel operation became less costly than continued use of electric motive power. The BA&P offers a microcosmic view of the transformation of one industry in response to technological and economic forces as the United States moved from reliance on coal-burning steam power to electric power and internal combustion. The differing equipment needs of mining companies and railroad companies are also examined in the history of the BA&P.

Mutschler, Charles Vincent

48

American Railroad Journal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Missouri Digital Library has over three dozen digital collections, including those that focus on the Civil War and historical Missouri newspapers. One of the more recent additions is this archive of the American Railroad Journal. This publication was started in 1832, and it covered all aspects of the railroad industry for over 70 years. Taken as a whole, this archive offers a fascinating look into the dynamic growth of the railroad industry. Visitors can search the entire collection by keyword, or they can browse each issue. First-time users may wish to look through the issues in the 1830s, as they contain a range of articles that detail the key technological innovations during this time.

2012-08-10

49

Global Pursuits: The Underground Railroad  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief article describes Charles T. Webber's oil on canvas painting, "The Underground Railroad, 1893." The subject of this painting is the Underground Railroad, which today has become an American legend. The Underground Railroad was not a systematic means of transportation, but rather a secretive process that allowed fugitive slaves to escape…

School Arts: The Art Education Magazine for Teachers, 2004

2004-01-01

50

Effect of Artificial Light Supplement in Transcontinental Sea Cargo on the Flowering of Young Spiking Phalaenopsis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Phalaenopsis is the most important horticultural product for export in Taiwan. Since 2004, US admitted the import of potted Phalaenopsis with moss media from Taiwan. The transcontinental shipping had changed from bare-rooted plant by air into potted plant by sea, due to the cost by sea was much cheaper and the damage of potted plant was much less. If the

M. Y. Chang; P. H. Wu

51

Molecular Systematics of New World Gopher, Bull, and Pinesnakes ( Pituophis: Colubridae), a Transcontinental Species Complex  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pituophis melanoleucus (gopher, bull, and pinesnakes) is among the most widely distributed polytypic species complexes in North America, with most authors recognizing from a single transcontinental species (the melanoleucus complex, composed of 15 subspecies) to four (monotypic and polytypic) species. We used mitochondrial gene sequences from the two middle American species, P. deppei and P. lineaticollis, and from 13 subspecies

Javier A Rodr??guez-Robles; José M De Jesús-Escobar

2000-01-01

52

16. Interior, Machine Shop, Roundhouse Machine Shop Extension, Southern Pacific ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16. Interior, Machine Shop, Roundhouse Machine Shop Extension, Southern Pacific Railroad Carlin Shops, view to south (90mm lens). Note the large segmental-arched doorway to move locomotives in and out of Machine Shop. - Southern Pacific Railroad, Carlin Shops, Roundhouse Machine Shop Extension, Foot of Sixth Street, Carlin, Elko County, NV

53

All purpose railroad car  

Microsoft Academic Search

An all purpose railroad car is described for transporting wheeled trailers and containers, the car comprising an elongated frame supported by wheel trucks, combined hitch and bolster means adjacent one end of the frame for selectively receiving and releasably retaining a trailer king pin and one end of a container. A means is spaced from the combined hitch and bolster

Terlecky

1987-01-01

54

The LITHOPROBE TransContinental Lithospheric Cross-Section: Imaging the Internal Structure of North America  

Microsoft Academic Search

The LITHOPROBE trans-continental lithospheric cross-section provides a synthesis of more than two decades of coordinated multidisciplinary research. The 6000 km-long cross-section, corrected for and displayed with Earth curvature, traverses the North American continent at ~50 degrees north. From west to east, it crosses the Juan de Fuca ridge and active Cascadia subduction zone, Mesozoic-Cenozoic Cordilleran orogen, Paleoproterozoic Alberta and Trans-Hudson

R. M. Clowes; P. T. Hammer

2009-01-01

55

11. 'Southern Pacific Company Pacific System. 1 180'1/4' ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. 'Southern Pacific Company - Pacific System. 1 - 180'-1/4' c. to c. End Pins S. Tr. Thro. Span. 16th crossing Sacramento River, The Phoenix Bridge Co., Phoenixville, Pa., Apr. 25th 1901.' - Southern Pacific Railroad Shasta Route, Bridge No. 324.99, Milepost 324.99, Shasta Springs, Siskiyou County, CA

56

Railroad Maps 1828-1900  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Library of Congress American Memory site has recently added this new item to its impressive collection. Railroad Maps, a preview release provided by the Geography and Map Division of LOC, contains a searchable and browseable selection of maps taken from RailroadMaps of the United States, by Andrew M. Modelski.

1998-01-01

57

Railroads: The Transformation of Capitalism  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

During the 19th and early 20th century, the railroad was the reigning king of American industry. A range of short and long haul railroads built and used over 240,000 miles of track from north to south and east to west. This fascinating online exhibit from Harvard Business School's Baker Library looks at how these companies transformed American business, and makes some comparisons with European railroad companies. The materials here are divided into ten sections, including British Railroads, Mass Distribution, Finance, and Management. Each section includes primary documents such as receipts, maps, and internal memos that illustrate how these various companies interacted with each other and the government. The Finance section is utterly engaging, as it discusses (in brief) how railroads were able to corral large amounts of capital for construction and operations across a vast "playing field" of operations.

2012-03-16

58

Coming of the Railroad, Unit V.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for elementary school students, this unit on the coming of the railroad in Wyoming provides concepts, activities, resource lists, and maps. Concepts stress the coming of the railroad in 1867-69, routes which were considered, towns owing their origin to the railroad, the railroad ownership of southern Wyoming, and the relationship between…

Robinson, Terry

59

The Underground Railroad  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Underground Railroad, a current Web feature at National Geographic Online (see the June 28, 1996 Scout Report), explores the pre-Civil War, covert system that helped escaped slaves to reach freedom safely. The site includes The Journey, an interactive first-person account of a runaway slave; Routes to Freedom, a Shockwave map of escape routes; Time Line, which chronicles slavery in the New World from 1501 until the US abolition of slavery in 1865; and Faces of Freedom, a section containing twelve very brief biographies of famous abolitionists and civil rights leaders. In addition, the site includes For Kids, a section for younger students, and Classroom Ideas, which suggests educational activities for K-12 students. A discussion forum and a list of resources and links provide visitors with more opportunities to learn.

60

The Paleo-Lena River - 200 My of Transcontinental Zircon Transport in Siberia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An immense wedge of Carboniferous to Jurassic siliciclastic deltaic and marine strata accumulated on the Verkhoyansk passive margin of the Siberian craton. U-Pb ages of detrital zircons from Pennsylvanian to Middle Jurassic sandstones are remarkably consistent and show a systematic change in the proportion of zircon age populations through the stratigraphic section that reflects the evolution of the ancient drainage system. Most zircons originated from the orogenic belts along the southern margin of Siberia and were transported thousands of kilometers to the Verkhoyansk margin by a major transcontinental river system, the paleo-Lena, that existed for about 200 m.y. Specific sources for zircons are the Angara-Vitim batholith of Transbaikalia (315 and 291-288 Ma age peaks), plutons of the Altay-Sayan region of the Central Asia foldbelt (494-482 Ma), Proterozoic granitoids of northern Transbaikalia and the East Sayan Range (1888-1832 Ma), and minor contributions from the Siberian Platform and Aldan Shield (2900-2300 Ma). The long sedimentary transport documented for the paleo-Lena River system was comparable to Permian and Jurassic transcontinental rivers that transported sand from the Appalachians to the Colorado Plateau region (Dickinson and Gehrels, 2003). This contrasts with sands of the modern Amazon where the population of far-traveled zircon decreases with increasing distance from the headwaters and eventually becomes overwhelmed by more proximally derived zircon (Rino et al., 2004; Mapes et al., 2005). The paleo-Lena met its demise when the Verkhoyansk margin was deformed in the Late Jurassic and Cretaceous, and sediment was diverted north to the Arctic Ocean. Thus, the life span of major transcontinental drainage systems can be comparable to that of the plate boundaries that surround them.

Toro, J.; Prokopiev, A. V.; Miller, E. L.; Gehrels, G. E.

2008-12-01

61

75 FR 27053 - Railroad Safety Advisory Committee; Charter Renewal  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration [Docket No. FRA-2000-7257; Notice No. 61] Railroad Safety Advisory Committee; Charter Renewal AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), Department of...

2010-05-13

62

77 FR 28421 - Railroad Safety Advisory Committee; Charter Renewal  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration [Docket No. FRA-2000-7257: Notice No. 70] Railroad Safety Advisory Committee; Charter Renewal AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), Department of...

2012-05-14

63

75 FR 20038 - Railroad Safety Technology Grant Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration [Docket No. FRA-2010-005-N-5] Railroad Safety Technology Grant Program AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration, Department of Transportation....

2010-04-16

64

National Underground Railroad Freedom Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Before 1863, the Underground Railroad was a system of cooperation among Black slaves, abolitionists, sympathetic Whites, and Native Americans to help slaves escape the bondage of American slavery. The National Underground Railroad Freedom Center wants to educate the public about the legacy of the Underground Railroad and its historic struggle to abolish human enslavement. The Freedom Center is currently under construction and is scheduled to open in Cincinnati, Ohio during the summer of 2004. The Freedom Center is sponsored by the Federated Department Stores Foundation and has the mission of teaching lessons of courage and cooperation from Underground Railroad history in order to "promote collaborative learning, dialogue, and action to inspire todayÂs freedom movements." Exhibits will include history galleries on pre-slavery African Kingdoms and post-slavery freedom movements in North America, Poland, South Africa, India, and more. The CenterÂs site currently contains a timeline dating from 1501 - 1865, a list of major players and contributors of the Underground Railroad Movement along with brief descriptions, and a list of related resources on each individual. The site also contains family stories and links to other related history sites. For those interested in the history and legacy of the Underground Railroad, this is definitely a Web site to explore and bookmark.

1999-01-01

65

Fire drives transcontinental variation in tree birch defense against browsing by snowshoe hares.  

PubMed

Fire has been the dominant disturbance in boreal America since the Pleistocene, resulting in a spatial mosaic in which the most fire occurs in the continental northwest. Spatial variation in snowshoe hare (Lepus americanus) density reflects the fire mosaic. Because fire initiates secondary forest succession, a fire mosaic creates variation in the abundance of early successional plants that snowshoe hares eat in winter, leading to geographic variation in hare density. We hypothesize that fire is the template for a geographic mosaic of natural selection: where fire is greatest and hares are most abundant, hare browsing has most strongly selected juvenile-phase woody plants for defense. We tested the hypothesis at multiple spatial scales using Alaska birch (Betula neoalaskana) and white birch (Betula papyrifera). We also examined five alternative hypotheses for geographic variation in antibrowsing defense. The fire-hare-defense hypothesis was supported at transcontinental, regional, and local scales; alternative hypotheses were rejected. Our results link transcontinental variation in species interactions to an abiotic environmental driver, fire. Intakes of defense toxins by Alaskan hares exceed those by Wisconsin hares, suggesting that the proposed selection mosaic may coincide with a geographic mosaic of coevolution. PMID:19422319

Bryant, John P; Clausen, Thomas P; Swihart, Robert K; Landhäusser, Simon M; Stevens, Michael T; Hawkins, Christopher D B; Carrière, Suzanne; Kirilenko, Andrei P; Veitch, Alasdair M; Popko, Richard A; Cleland, David T; Williams, Joseph H; Jakubas, Walter J; Carlson, Michael R; Bodony, Karin Lehmkuhl; Cebrian, Merben; Paragi, Thomas F; Picone, Peter M; Moore, Jeffrey E; Packee, Edmond C; Malone, Thomas

2009-07-01

66

U.S. Railroad Retirement Board, 1999 Annual Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Railroad Retirement Board's mission is to administer retirement/survivor and unemployment/sickness insurance benefit programs for railroad workers and their families under the Railroad Retirement Act and the Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act. These ...

1998-01-01

67

15. Interior, Machine Shop, Roundhouse Machine Shop Extension, Southern Pacific ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

15. Interior, Machine Shop, Roundhouse Machine Shop Extension, Southern Pacific Railroad Carlin Shops, view to northeast (90mm lens). The arched cutouts in the bottom chords of the roof trusses were necessary to provide clearance for the smokestacks of steam locomotives, and also mark the location of the former inspection pit in the floor (now filled in and covered by a new concrete floor). - Southern Pacific Railroad, Carlin Shops, Roundhouse Machine Shop Extension, Foot of Sixth Street, Carlin, Elko County, NV

68

Railroad Electrification on Utility Systems. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A nine-month project was undertaken on the subject of the impact of railroad electrification on utility systems. The objectives of this study were achieved by a review of the literature, discussions with railroads and electric utilities with electrificati...

J. J. Burke J. W. Feltes

1983-01-01

69

Railroad and Locomotive Technology Roadmap  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Transportation Technology Research and Development Center at Argonne National Laboratory produced this roadmap in December 2002. The 70-page document mainly focuses on energy saving techniques to increase the fuel efficiency of diesel engines. A research objective identified in the report is to improve "total railroad average fuel efficiency by 50% by 2020," and ways to accomplish this goal are outlined. Alternative fuels, electric locomotives, and other power technologies are also discussed. The roadmap analyzes almost every system and factor involved in railroad design -- including motors, rolling resistance, and aerodynamics -- to determine how to approach the energy savings problem.

Stodolsky, Frank.

70

Slavery and the Underground Railroad.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a bibliography of sources to help children understand slavery and the Underground Railroad and recommends a combination of fiction and nonfiction for a better understanding. Includes picture books, biographies of people who played prominent roles during the time of slavery, nonfiction books for older readers, and videotape. (LRW)

Anderson, Nancy Comfort

2000-01-01

71

Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Corp. v. Oil and Gas Board of Mississippi: the demise of state ratable-take requirements  

SciTech Connect

Natural gas was not widely used until the 1930s when the development of seamless pipe enabled gas to be delivered at high compression to markets far from the wellhead. Now the availability and relatively low cost of natural gas have resulted in its widespread use in both home heating and industry. Regulation of this important fuel is consequently a hotly debated issue. The scope and fundamental purpose of the Natural Gas and Policy Act of 1978 (NGPA) was recently the subject of the Supreme Court's opinion in Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Corp v. Oil and Gas Board of Mississippi (Transcontinental). In a five-to-four decision, the Court held that the NGPA pre-empted the enforcement of a state ratable-take requirement. This Note examines Justice Blackmun's majority opinion and the persuasive dissent presented by Justice Rehnquist in the court's decision. The effects of the decision, the Court's first interpretation of NPGA, will undoubtedly be quite significant.

Frankenburg, K.M.

1988-01-01

72

76 FR 34805 - Arkansas Midland Railroad Company, Inc., Trackage Rights Exemption; Caddo Valley Railroad Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Surface...No. FD 35530] Arkansas Midland Railroad...trackage rights to Arkansas Midland Railroad...approximately 2.57 miles of CVR's rail line...Gurdon is a technical correction of...

2011-06-14

73

Review of walking hazards for railroad workers.  

PubMed

This is a review of walking tasks in the railroad environment, and the injuries that result from slips, trips, falls, or other acute or even non-traumatic exposures. The lack of federal regulations for railroad walkways has led several states to develop and enforce their own regulations. Support from the research literature for such regulations has come from biomechanical studies of the effects of walking on railroad ballast, which will be reviewed. PMID:22317232

Andres, Robert O; Wade, Chip

2012-01-01

74

49 CFR 237.55 - Railroad bridge supervisors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Railroad bridge supervisors. 237.55 Section 237...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION BRIDGE SAFETY STANDARDS Qualifications and...Responsible Persons § 237.55 Railroad bridge supervisors. A railroad...

2012-10-01

75

49 CFR 237.53 - Railroad bridge inspectors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Railroad bridge inspectors. 237.53 Section 237...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION BRIDGE SAFETY STANDARDS Qualifications and...Responsible Persons § 237.53 Railroad bridge inspectors. A railroad bridge...

2011-10-01

76

49 CFR 237.53 - Railroad bridge inspectors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Railroad bridge inspectors. 237.53 Section 237...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION BRIDGE SAFETY STANDARDS Qualifications and...Responsible Persons § 237.53 Railroad bridge inspectors. A railroad bridge...

2012-10-01

77

49 CFR 237.55 - Railroad bridge supervisors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Railroad bridge supervisors. 237.55 Section 237...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION BRIDGE SAFETY STANDARDS Qualifications and...Responsible Persons § 237.55 Railroad bridge supervisors. A railroad...

2011-10-01

78

9. DETAIL OF CONCRETE OF THE B & O RAILROAD'S ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. DETAIL OF CONCRETE OF THE B & O RAILROAD'S BASCULE SPAN, LOOKING SOUTH - Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Chicago Terminal Railroad, South Branch of Chicago River Bridge, Spanning South Branch of Chicago River, Chicago, Cook County, IL

79

49 CFR 219.601 - Railroad random drug testing programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Railroad random drug testing programs. 219...Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION...Drug Testing Programs § 219.601 Railroad random drug testing programs....

2010-10-01

80

49 CFR 219.601 - Railroad random drug testing programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Railroad random drug testing programs. 219...Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION...Drug Testing Programs § 219.601 Railroad random drug testing programs....

2009-10-01

81

77 FR 52393 - Railroad Safety Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration [Docket No. FRA-2000-7257Notice No. 69] Railroad Safety Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), Department of...

2012-08-29

82

78 FR 26423 - Railroad Safety Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration [Docket No. FRA-2000-7257: Notice No. 74] Railroad Safety Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), Department of...

2013-05-06

83

78 FR 62002 - Railroad Safety Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration [Docket No. FRA-2000-7257; Notice No. 76] Railroad Safety Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), Department of...

2013-10-10

84

77 FR 73734 - Railroad Safety Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration [Docket No. FRA-2000-7257; Notice No. 72] Railroad Safety Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), Department of...

2012-12-11

85

Building a transcontinental affiliation: a new model for academic health centers.  

PubMed

The recent affiliation of The Methodist Hospital (TMH) with Weill Medical College (WMC) of Cornell University and NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital is the first transcontinental primary affiliation between major, not-for-profit academic health centers (AHCs) in the United States. The authors describe the process followed, the issues involved, the initial accomplishments, and the opportunities envisioned. The key enablers of this affiliation were a rapid process, mutual trust based on existing professional relationships, and commitment to the project by Board leadership. Because of their geographic separation, the parties were not competitors in providing clinical care to their regional populations. The affiliation is nonexclusive, but is reciprocally primary in New York and Texas. Members of the TMH medical staff are eligible for faculty appointments at WMC. The principal areas of collaboration will be education, research, quality improvement, information technology, and international program development. The principal challenge has been the physical distance between the parties. Although extensive use of videoconferencing has been successful, personal contact is essential in establishing relationships. External processes impose a slower sequence and tempo of events than some might wish. This new model for AHCs creates exciting possibilities for the tripartite mission of research, education, and patient care. Realizing the potential of these opportunities will require unconstrained ideas and substantial investment of time and other critical resources. Since many consider that AHCs are in economic and cultural crisis, successful development of such possibilities could have importance beyond the collective interests of these three institutions. PMID:16249304

Sostman, H Dirk; Forese, Laura L; Boom, Marc L; Schroth, Lynn; Klein, Arthur A; Mushlin, Alvin I; Hagale, John E; Pardes, Herbert; Girotto, Ronald G; Gotto, Antonio M

2005-11-01

86

Railroad Lines as Study Sites in Plant Biology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents reasons for utilizing abandoned railroad tracks in ecology field trip studies. Explanations are given for the factors influencing railroad vegetation. Activities for students are suggested. (SA)

Arnold, Robert M.

1979-01-01

87

International Summer Program in Railroad Engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

The railroad industry has identified a need for engineers as many will be retiring over the next few years and freight rail traffic is predicted to increase. The challenge is finding engineers from university campuses, where careers and education in railroad engineering have been forgotten. Michigan Tech University saw a unique opportunity for innovative six-credit summer program that combines introductory

Pasi Lautala

2006-01-01

88

75 FR 11224 - Albany & Eastern Railroad Company-Acquisition and Operation Exemption-Union Pacific Railroad...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...site at http://www.stb.dot.gov. Decided: March 5, 2010. By the Board, Rachel D. Campbell, Director, Office of Proceedings. Jeffrey Herzig, Clearance Clerk. [FR Doc. 2010-5081 Filed 3-9-10; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE...

2010-03-10

89

77 FR 22381 - Odorant Fade in Railroad Tank Cars  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2012-01] Odorant Fade in Railroad Tank Cars AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration...shippers and consignees of railroad tank cars containing odorized liquefied petroleum...shipped in the United States by railroad tank car is from bulk suppliers to either...

2012-04-13

90

Underground Railroad: Connections to Freedom and Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This educational video details how the sciences of astronomy and geography guided slaves to freedom in the 1800s, and how the technologies of satellites and geographic information systems are being used to locate and visualize the secret paths they traveled. Using the North Star as a compass, freedom-seeking slaves went from safe house to safe house along the Underground Railroad, an intricate network of escape routes away from the slave-ridden South. This video explains the role celestial navigation played in the Railroad's success, and highlights the importance of modern technologies in reconstructing the exact routes and terrain of the Railroad. Length: 34:00.

1999-01-01

91

2. West portal of Tunnel 27, contextual view from track ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. West portal of Tunnel 27, contextual view from track level east of Tunnel 26 (HAER CA-202), 210mm lens. Note solar panel providing signal power, evidence of continuing updating of technology by the railroad. Single-light searchlight-type signal was typical system-wide on the Southern Pacific prior to the 1980s merger with the Denver & Rio Grande Western. - Central Pacific Transcontinental Railroad, Tunnel No. 27, Milepost 133.9, Applegate, Placer County, CA

92

75 FR 26843 - Notification of Petition for Approval; Railroad Safety Program Plan  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration Notification of Petition for Approval; Railroad Safety Program Plan Although not required, the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) is providing notice that it...

2010-05-12

93

75 FR 34213 - Solicitation of Applications and Notice of Funding Availability for the FRA Railroad System...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration Solicitation of Applications...of Funding Availability for the FRA Railroad System Issues Research and Development Program AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration (FRA),...

2010-06-16

94

76 FR 18623 - Notification of Petition for Approval; Railroad Safety Program Plan  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration Notification of Petition for Approval; Railroad Safety Program Plan Although not required, the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) is providing notice that it...

2011-04-04

95

Influence of Railroads Upon Campaign Plans.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Railroads have played an important part in wars throughout modern history. Today, the contributions rail can make to America's national defense include U.S. commercial rail help with mobilization of military units stationed in the United States. But their...

B. E. Smith

1989-01-01

96

78 FR 2481 - Watco Holdings, Inc., Watco Railroad Company Holdings, Inc., & Watco Acquisition Sub, Inc...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Acquisition Sub, Inc.--Acquisition of Control Exemption--Ann Arbor Railroad, Inc. Watco Holdings, Inc. (Watco Holdings...control, and for Watco Railroad to directly control, Ann Arbor Railroad, Inc. (AA), a Class III railroad, and...

2013-01-11

97

10. 'Southern Pacific Company, 6th Crossing of Sacramento River, One ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. 'Southern Pacific Company, 6th Crossing of Sacramento River, One 208'-10-1/2' C. to C. End Pins S. Tr. Thro. Skew Span, Scale 1' = 10', The Phoenix Bridge Co., Phoenixville, Pa., April 12, 1901, Drg. 45' - Southern Pacific Railroad Shasta Route, Bridge No. 301.85, Milepost 301.85, Pollard Flat, Shasta County, CA

98

Pennsylvania Railroad: Pennsylvania Station. Baltimore, Baltimore City, MD. Sec. 1201, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Pennsylvania Railroad: Pennsylvania Station. Baltimore, Baltimore City, MD. Sec. 1201, MP 95.50. - Northeast Railroad Corridor, Amtrak route between District of Columbia/Maryland state line & Maryland/Delaware state line, Baltimore, Independent City, MD

99

B & O Railroad: Bayview Bridge. Baltimore, Baltimore City, MD. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

B & O Railroad: Bayview Bridge. Baltimore, Baltimore City, MD. Sec. 1201, MP 92.02. - Northeast Railroad Corridor, Amtrak route between District of Columbia/Maryland state line & Maryland/Delaware state line, Baltimore, Independent City, MD

100

View of Palmer Cove Railroad Bridge and southeastern shoreline of ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View of Palmer Cove Railroad Bridge and southeastern shoreline of Haley Farm, facing northwest from the eastern approach of the railroad bridge - Haley Farm, Brook Street, Groton, New London County, CT

101

31. Pennsylvania Railroad: Newark Station. Newark, Essex Co., NJ. Sec. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

31. Pennsylvania Railroad: Newark Station. Newark, Essex Co., NJ. Sec. 1401, MP 8.60. - Northeast Railroad Corridor, Amtrak Route between Pennsylvania/New Jersey & New Jersey/New York State Lines, Newark, Essex County, NJ

102

30. Pennsylvania Railroad: Newark Station. Newark, Essex Co., NJ. Sec. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

30. Pennsylvania Railroad: Newark Station. Newark, Essex Co., NJ. Sec. 1401, MP 8.60. - Northeast Railroad Corridor, Amtrak Route between Pennsylvania/New Jersey & New Jersey/New York State Lines, Newark, Essex County, NJ

103

3. General view of the Tualatin River Railroad Bridge, view ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. General view of the Tualatin River Railroad Bridge, view looking southwest - Oregon Electric Railroad, Tualatin River Bridge, Garden Home to Wilsonville Segment, Milepost 35.3, Wilsonville, Clackamas County, OR

104

1. General view of Tualatin River Railroad Bridge and north ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. General view of Tualatin River Railroad Bridge and north approach trestle, view looking south. - Oregon Electric Railroad, Tualatin River Bridge, Garden Home to Wilsonville Segment, Milepost 35.3, Wilsonville, Clackamas County, OR

105

4. Approach view of the Tualatin River Railroad Bridge, view ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. Approach view of the Tualatin River Railroad Bridge, view looking south - Oregon Electric Railroad, Tualatin River Bridge, Garden Home to Wilsonville Segment, Milepost 35.3, Wilsonville, Clackamas County, OR

106

2. General view of the Tualatin River Railroad Bridge, view ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. General view of the Tualatin River Railroad Bridge, view looking southwest - Oregon Electric Railroad, Tualatin River Bridge, Garden Home to Wilsonville Segment, Milepost 35.3, Wilsonville, Clackamas County, OR

107

Railroad Retirement Board Performance and Accountability Report, Fiscal Year 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is the Railroad Retirement Board Performance and Accountability Report for Fiscal Year 2010. The Railroad Retirement Board (RRB) is an independent agency in the executive branch of the Federal Government. The RRB's primary function is to administer c...

2010-01-01

108

18. Pennsylvania Railroad: Brick Arch Viaduct. Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., PA. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

18. Pennsylvania Railroad: Brick Arch Viaduct. Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., PA. Sec. 1101, MP 87.44. - Northeast Railroad Corridor, Amtrak route between Delaware-Pennsylvania & Pennsylvania-New Jersey state lines, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

109

19. Pennsylvania Railroad: Brick Arch Viaduct. Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., PA. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

19. Pennsylvania Railroad: Brick Arch Viaduct. Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., PA. Sec. 1101, MP 87.44. - Northeast Railroad Corridor, Amtrak route between Delaware-Pennsylvania & Pennsylvania-New Jersey state lines, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

110

5. Railroad tracks, (lr) arches EF, DE, CD, BC. View ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. Railroad tracks, (l-r) arches E-F, D-E, C-D, B-C. View southwest - Ashton Viaduct, State Route 116 (Washington Highway) spanning Blackstone River, Blackstone Canal, & Providence & Worcester Railroad, Ashton, Providence County, RI

111

5. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf Railroad) photographer unknown, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf Railroad) photographer unknown, 1918 VIEW LOOKING NORTH SHOWING CONSTRUCTION OF FOUNDATION - Illinois Central Railroad, Freight Depot No. 2, North of First Street, east of Union Street, La Salle, La Salle County, IL

112

6. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf Railroad), photographer unknown, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf Railroad), photographer unknown, 1918 VIEW LOOKING NORTH SHOWING INTERIOR UNDER CONSTRUCTION - Illinois Central Railroad, Freight Depot No. 2, North of First Street, east of Union Street, La Salle, La Salle County, IL

113

3. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Railroad), photographer unknown, 1918 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Railroad), photographer unknown, 1918 NORTH FACADE OF NEW FREIGHT HOUSE, TAKEN IN 1918 - Illinois Central Railroad, Freight Depot No. 2, North of First Street, east of Union Street, La Salle, La Salle County, IL

114

1. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Railroad), photographer unknown, 1894 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Railroad), photographer unknown, 1894 ORIGINAL PASSENGER DEPOT - Illinois Central Railroad, Passenger Depot No. 1, North of First Street, east of Union Street, La Salle, La Salle County, IL

115

19. Illinois Central Railroad (formerly the Chicago, Alton and St. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

19. Illinois Central Railroad (formerly the Chicago, Alton and St. Louis Railroad) crossing at 9th and Commerce Streets. - Lockport Historic District, Bounded by Eighth, Hamilton & Eleventh Streets & Illinois & Michigan Canal, Lockport, Will County, IL

116

1. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf Railroad), photographer unknown, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf Railroad), photographer unknown, ca. 1918 SAND TANK NEAR FREIGHT DEPOT, CA. 1918 - Illinois Central Railroad, Sand Tank, North of First Street, east of Union Street, La Salle, La Salle County, IL

117

26. Photocopy of drawing, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, District Engineer's ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

26. Photocopy of drawing, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, District Engineer's Office, 1942 PILE RECORD PLAN, RECONSTRUCTION OF FELLS STREET WHARF, TOBACCO WAREHOUSE - Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Tobacco Warehouse, 1000-1001 Fell Street, Baltimore, Independent City, MD

118

78 FR 62940 - Railroad Revenue Adequacy-2012 Determination  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...current cost of capital for the railroad industry for 2012, determined to be 11.12...30, 2013). This revenue adequacy standard was applied to each Class I railroad except for BNSF Railway Company (BNSF).\\1\\ Two...

2013-10-22

119

8. LOOKING NORTHEAST TOWARD LOOP, PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD BRIDGE IN BOTTOM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. LOOKING NORTHEAST TOWARD LOOP, PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD BRIDGE IN BOTTOM CENTER OF FRAME. - Pennsylvania Railroad, South Branch Chicago River Bridge, Spanning South Branch of Chicago River Bridge east of Canal Street, Chicago, Cook County, IL

120

37. HANGAR FROM RAILROAD DECK TELESCOPED IN COLUMN & SHOWING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

37. HANGAR FROM RAILROAD DECK TELESCOPED IN COLUMN & SHOWING PIN WHICH TRANSFERS LOAD FROM RAILROAD DECK TO TRUSS WHEN IN DOWN POSITION - Armour, Swift, Burlington Bridge, Kansas City, Jackson County, MO

121

42 CFR 408.42 - Deduction from railroad retirement benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...entitled to railroad retirement benefits, his or her SMI premiums are deducted from those benefits by the Railroad Retirement Board...he or she is also entitled to social security benefits or a civil service...

2012-10-01

122

Stress Measurements in Railroad Wheels via the Barkhausen Effect.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The feasibility of using the Barkhausen Effect in ferromagnetic steels as a nondestructive means for ascertaining residual stresses in railroad wheels was investigated. Railroad wheels are generally manufactured with compressive stress distributions in th...

R. R. King J. R. Barton W. D. Perry

1977-01-01

123

An Economic History of Five MidWestern Railroads.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study explains the four basic economic factors that affected the early development of railroads in the Midwest: growth of railroad regulations; increased competition from other modes of transportation; rate of return on investment; and empire building...

G. M. Kaitz

1976-01-01

124

Inside the covered hopper car loading dock at railroad level, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Inside the covered hopper car loading dock at railroad level, looking east from the 1945 elevator into the 1913 elevator, control for the railroad car puller in background - Stewart Company Grain Elevator, 16 West Carson Street, Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, PA

125

5. RAILROAD TRRACKS LEADING TO PAINT & REPAIR SHOP; PASSENGER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. RAILROAD TRRACKS LEADING TO PAINT & REPAIR SHOP; PASSENGER CAR SHOP TO THE LEFT - Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Mount Clare Passenger Car Shop, Southwest corner of Pratt & Poppleton Streets, Baltimore, Independent City, MD

126

3. GENERAL VIEW OF PASSENGER CAR SHOP; RAILROAD TRACKS IN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. GENERAL VIEW OF PASSENGER CAR SHOP; RAILROAD TRACKS IN FOREGROUND - Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Mount Clare Passenger Car Shop, Southwest corner of Pratt & Poppleton Streets, Baltimore, Independent City, MD

127

75 FR 3959 - Railroad Safety Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Improvement Act of 2008 (RSIA): Positive Train Control, Passenger Hours of Service, Railroad Bridge Safety Management, and Conductor Certification. FRA may offer a new task on Minimum Training Standards for Safety-Related Railroad Employees, as...

2010-01-25

128

3. West portal of Tunnel 26, view to northeast, 135mm ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. West portal of Tunnel 26, view to northeast, 135mm lens. Note use of granite voussoirs and coping on this otherwise all-reinforced concrete structure. - Central Pacific Transcontinental Railroad, Tunnel No. 26, Milepost 133.29, Applegate, Placer County, CA

129

77 FR 67442 - Northern Plains Railroad, Inc.-Temporary Trackage Rights Exemption-Soo Line Railroad Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Surface Transportation Board [Docket No. FD 35690] Northern Plains Railroad, Inc.--Temporary Trackage Rights Exemption...agreed to grant temporary overhead trackage rights to Northern Plains Railroad, Inc. (NPR) between milepost 128.9 at...

2012-11-09

130

1. GENERAL VIEW OF THE BALTIMORE & OHIO RAILROAD'S LIFT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. GENERAL VIEW OF THE BALTIMORE & OHIO RAILROAD'S LIFT BRIDGE, COUNTERWEIGHTS, AND APPROACH SPANS FROM THE WEST, LOOKING EAST FROM THE WEST SIDE OF THE RIVER - Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Chicago Terminal Railroad, South Branch of Chicago River Bridge, Spanning South Branch of Chicago River, Chicago, Cook County, IL

131

A Union of Railroad Workers Sets the Pace  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the century spanning the years 1868-1968, the African-American railroad attendant's presence on the train became an American tradition. By the 1920s, a peak decade for the railroads, more than twenty thousand African-Americans were working as porters, providing a variety services for passengers on the sleeping cars. The railroad was the…

Pullman, A. Philip Randolph

2004-01-01

132

A Union of Railroad Workers Sets the Pace  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|During the century spanning the years 1868-1968, the African-American railroad attendant's presence on the train became an American tradition. By the 1920s, a peak decade for the railroads, more than twenty thousand African-Americans were working as porters, providing a variety services for passengers on the sleeping cars. The railroad was the…

Pullman, A. Philip Randolph

2004-01-01

133

Fatigue crack initiation life prediction of railroad  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Study of multiaxial high-cycle fatigue initiation life prediction for railroad is done in this paper. Using ANSYS 11.0 software three dimensional elasto-plastic finite element model of rail/wheel contact is constructed and fine mesh technique in contact region is used to achieve both computational efficiency and accuracy. Stress analysis is performed and fatigue damage in railroad is evaluated numerically using multiaxial fatigue crack initiation model. Using the stress history during one loading cycle and fatigue damage model, the effects of vertical loading, material hardness material fatigue properties and wheel/rail contact situation on fatigue crack initiation life are investigated.

Tehrani, P. Hosseini; Saket, M.

2009-08-01

134

Hickman, Kentucky - Dyersburg, Tennessee Railroad Improvement Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report evaluates the feasibility of operating the Dyersburg, Tennessee to Hickman, Kentucky line as a short line railroad, and updating earlier studies, as well as defining the current status of the various issues affecting the line. Of these, the re...

1983-01-01

135

Grievance procedures for railroad operating employees  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article brings up to date. the experience of the National Railroad Adjustment Board in the performance of its function of arbitrating disputes arising under agreements between the carriers and the operating employees' unions. Since the various studies made about ten years ago (one of which was published in this journal), there have been several significant new developments in NRAB

Garth L. Mangum

1962-01-01

136

20 CFR 404.1027 - Railroad work.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Railroad work. 404.1027 Section...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...Self-Employment Income Work Excluded from Employment...exclude from employment any work you do as an employee...compensation can be counted for social security purposes...

2013-04-01

137

A Walk on the Underground Railroad.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes one historian's search for information on the Underground Railroad, retracing on foot one of the routes formerly traveled by fugitives, seeking historical societies and libraries in each town, and interviewing descendants of slaves. He also had himself boxed up and smuggled onto a train to simulate the situation of one fugitive. A…

Cohen, Anthony

2001-01-01

138

Freedom Train: Building an Underground Railroad.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an activity called the "Freedom Train": a simulation for eighth grade students that enables them to gain an understanding of the importance and dangers of the Underground Railroad. Explains that the project encourages students to work cooperatively while also reinforcing their research and map skills. Provides follow-up activities. (CMK)

Hickman, Wayne

1999-01-01

139

Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suitable for elementary level students, this study unit helps increase students' comprehension of the risks involved in a black person's flight from slavery and of Harriet Tubman's success in leading more than 300 slaves to freedom via the Underground Railroad. Five activity suggestions are followed by a reading on the life of Harriet Tubman.…

Crawford, Mary; Ruthsdotter, Mary

140

Freedom Train: Building an Underground Railroad.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes an activity called the "Freedom Train": a simulation for eighth grade students that enables them to gain an understanding of the importance and dangers of the Underground Railroad. Explains that the project encourages students to work cooperatively while also reinforcing their research and map skills. Provides follow-up activities.…

Hickman, Wayne

1999-01-01

141

49 CFR Appendix A to Part 209 - Statement of Agency Policy Concerning Enforcement of the Federal Railroad Safety Laws  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Policy Concerning Enforcement of the Federal Railroad Safety Laws A Appendix A to Part 209...Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD SAFETY ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES Pt....

2009-10-01

142

Production of new rolled railroad wheels  

Microsoft Academic Search

805 Currently, work at OAO Rossiiskie Zheleznye Dorogi (RZhD) regarding railroad transportation is focusing on two main problems: the introduction of tracks for mixed and high-speed traffic; and the creation of a new generation of freight cars with an axle load of up to 300 kN. This calls for rolled wheels with improved properties—in particular, improved margin of hardness in

V. S. Markin; A. A. Shishov; A. V. Sukhov; G. A. Filippov

2007-01-01

143

Energy and environmental impact of railroad electrification  

Microsoft Academic Search

The report describes the potential effects of railroad electrification for high-traffic-density lines in the United States. Two high-traffic-density groupings of routes are identified as candidates for electrification. Energy consumption for the traffic on these candidate routes is estimated for the time frame of 1975 to 1990 in terms of current diesel-fuel usage and the alternative electricity requirements. Effects of electricity

1977-01-01

144

75 FR 5638 - Notice of Application for Approval of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration Notice of Application...of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System or Relief From the Requirements...S.C. 20502(a), the following railroad has petitioned the Federal Railroad...

2010-02-03

145

75 FR 34200 - Notice of Application for Approval of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration [Docket Number: FRA-2010-0083...of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System Pursuant to Title 49 Code...S.C. 20502(a), the following railroad has petitioned the Federal Railroad...

2010-06-16

146

76 FR 21943 - Notice of Application for Approval of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration Notice of Application...of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System Pursuant to Title 49 Code...S.C. 20502(a), the following railroad has petitioned the Federal Railroad...

2011-04-19

147

75 FR 70771 - Notice of Application for Approval of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration [Docket Number FRA-2010-0157...of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System Pursuant to Title 49 Code...S.C. 20502(a), the following railroad has petitioned the Federal Railroad...

2010-11-18

148

77 FR 22840 - Notice of Application for Approval of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration [Docket Number FRA-2012-0019...of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System Pursuant to Title 49 Code...S.C. 20502(a), the following railroad has petitioned the Federal Railroad...

2012-04-17

149

76 FR 17736 - Notice of Application for Approval of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration Notice of Application...of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System Pursuant to Title 49 Code...S.C. 20502(a), the following railroad has petitioned the Federal Railroad...

2011-03-30

150

75 FR 54219 - Notice of Application for Approval of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration Notice of Application...of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System or Relief From the Requirements...S.C. 20502(a), the following railroad has petitioned the Federal Railroad...

2010-09-03

151

75 FR 54220 - Notice of Application for Approval of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration Notice of Application...of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System or Relief From the Requirements...S.C. 20502(a), the following railroad has petitioned the Federal Railroad...

2010-09-03

152

75 FR 29805 - Notice of Application for Approval of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration Notice of Application...of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System or Relief Pursuant to title...S.C. 20502(a), the following railroad has petitioned the Federal Railroad...

2010-05-27

153

76 FR 18623 - Notice of Application for Approval of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration [Docket Number FRA-2011-0023...of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System Pursuant to Title 49 Code...S.C. 20502(a), the following railroad has petitioned the Federal Railroad...

2011-04-04

154

75 FR 71488 - Notice of Application for Approval of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration [Docket Number FRA-2010-0160...of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System Pursuant to Title 49 Code...S.C. 20502(a), the following railroad has petitioned the Federal Railroad...

2010-11-23

155

76 FR 4416 - Notice of Application for Approval of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration Notice of Application...of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System Pursuant to Title 49 Code...S.C. 20502(a), the following railroad has petitioned the Federal Railroad...

2011-01-25

156

75 FR 6252 - Notice of Application for Approval of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration Notice of Application...of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System or Relief From the Requirements...S.C. 20502(a), the following railroad has petitioned the Federal Railroad...

2010-02-08

157

76 FR 10086 - Notice of Application for Approval of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration [Docket Number FRA-2011-0008...of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System Pursuant to Title 49 Code...S.C. 20502(a), the following railroad has petitioned the Federal Railroad...

2011-02-23

158

75 FR 76069 - Notice of Application for Approval of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration Docket Number FRA-2010-0154...of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System Pursuant to Title 49 Code...S.C. 20502(a), the following railroad has petitioned the Federal Railroad...

2010-12-07

159

75 FR 34200 - Notice of Application for Approval of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration [Docket Number FRA-2010-0084...of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System Pursuant to Title 49 Code...S.C. 20502(a), the following railroad has petitioned the Federal Railroad...

2010-06-16

160

75 FR 71487 - Notice of Application for Approval of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration Notice of Application...of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System Pursuant to Title 49 Code...S.C. 20502(a), the following railroad has petitioned the Federal Railroad...

2010-11-23

161

19. DETAIL, OVERHEAD CATWALK Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

19. DETAIL, OVERHEAD CATWALK - Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad Freight & Rail Yard, Multiple Unit Light Inspection Shed, New Jersey Transit Hoboken Terminal Rail Yard, Hoboken, Hudson County, NJ

162

18. DETAIL, INSPECTION PIT Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

18. DETAIL, INSPECTION PIT - Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad Freight & Rail Yard, Multiple Unit Light Inspection Shed, New Jersey Transit Hoboken Terminal Rail Yard, Hoboken, Hudson County, NJ

163

49 CFR 1245.2 - Reports of railroad employees, service and compensation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Reports of railroad employees, service and compensation. 1245.2 Section...Reports of railroad employees, service and compensation. Beginning...Report of Railroad Employees, Service, and Compensation, (Form...

2012-10-01

164

77 FR 77183 - Railroad Safety Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting Postponement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration [Docket No. FRA-2000-7257; Notice No. 73] Railroad Safety Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting Postponement AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), Department...

2012-12-31

165

78 FR 42998 - Hazardous Materials: Improving the Safety of Railroad Transportation of Hazardous Materials  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration [Docket No. FRA-2013-0067...Hazardous Materials: Improving the Safety of Railroad Transportation of Hazardous Materials...Safety Administration (PHMSA), Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), Department...

2013-07-18

166

76 FR 4276 - Hazardous Materials: Improving the Safety of Railroad Transportation of Hazardous Materials  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration 49 CFR Part 174 [Docket...Hazardous Materials: Improving the Safety of Railroad Transportation of Hazardous Materials AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), Department...

2011-01-25

167

78 FR 48931 - Railroad Safety Advisory Committee; Notice of Emergency Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration [Docket No. FRA-2000-7257; Notice No. 75] Railroad Safety Advisory Committee; Notice of Emergency Meeting AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), Department...

2013-08-12

168

75 FR 11992 - Notice of Scheduling of Public Hearing; Association of American Railroads  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration [Docket Number FRA-2009-0111...Public Hearing; Association of American Railroads In a notice published January 4, 2010, the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) announced...

2010-03-12

169

49 CFR 219.4 - Recognition of a foreign railroad's workplace testing program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Recognition of a foreign railroad's workplace testing program. 219...Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION... § 219.4 Recognition of a foreign railroad's workplace testing program....

2009-10-01

170

77 FR 45715 - Notice of Public Hearing: Reading Blue Mountain and Northern Railroad  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration [Docket Number FRA-2003-15754...Hearing: Reading Blue Mountain and Northern Railroad The Reading Blue Mountain and Northern Railroad (RBMN) has petitioned the Federal...

2012-08-01

171

49 CFR 220.307 - Use of railroad-supplied electronic devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...railroad-supplied electronic devices. (a...railroad-supplied electronic device only for an authorized business purpose as specified...writing the authorized business purpose(s) involving...railroad-supplied electronic device may be...

2010-10-01

172

76 FR 31009 - BNSF Railway Company-Trackage Rights Exemption-Yellowstone Valley Railroad, Inc.  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Company--Trackage Rights Exemption--Yellowstone Valley Railroad, Inc. Yellowstone Valley Railroad, Inc. (YVRR) has agreed...transaction is related to Docket No. AB 991X, Yellowstone Valley Railroad,...

2011-05-27

173

76 FR 25588 - Hours of Service Exception for Railroad Signal Employees  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Hours of Service Exception for Railroad Signal Employees AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier...statutory exemption for certain railroad signal employees operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in connection with railroad signal work. This is in accordance with...

2011-05-05

174

49 CFR 240.225 - Reliance on qualification determinations made by other railroads.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...The railroad's certification program shall address...administer the training of previously...railroad's entire training program. A railroad...on another's certification shall determine...service as the certification being issued under...person has received training on and...

2011-10-01

175

23 CFR 646.210 - Classification of projects and railroad share of the cost.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...agency, the railroad share of the project costs shall be 5 percent. (4) On...required railroad share of the project cost. (c) The required railroad...voluntarily contribute a greater share of project costs than is required. Also,...

2013-04-01

176

23 CFR 646.210 - Classification of projects and railroad share of the cost.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...agency, the railroad share of the project costs shall be 5 percent. (4) On...required railroad share of the project cost. (c) The required railroad...voluntarily contribute a greater share of project costs than is required. Also,...

2010-04-01

177

23 CFR 646.210 - Classification of projects and railroad share of the cost.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...agency, the railroad share of the project costs shall be 5 percent. (4) On...required railroad share of the project cost. (c) The required railroad...voluntarily contribute a greater share of project costs than is required. Also,...

2009-04-01

178

Railroad Costs and Competition: The Implications of Introducing Competition to Railroad Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the cost implications of competition over existing US freight rail lines by testing for the condition of cost subadditivity. The study finds: (1) that there are economies associated with vertically integrated roadway maintenance and transport, suggesting that separating the two would result in increased resource costs; and (2) railroads are natural monopolies in providing transport services over

John D. Bitzan

2003-01-01

179

Delayed ettringite formation in Swedish concrete railroad ties  

Microsoft Academic Search

A petrographic examination of cracked Swedish concrete railroad ties identified delayed ettringite formation (DEF) as the damaging mechanism. This was unexpected because the concrete railroad ties were steam-cured with a maximum concrete temperature below 60 °C.The consensus in the published literature is that DEF only occurs in concrete subjected to heat curing above 70 °C. However, DEF is not only

Sadananda Sahu; Niels Thaulow

2004-01-01

180

The Baikal-Amur Railroad Mainline Economic and Military Significance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Bailkal-Amur Railroad Mainline, which is currently under construction and scheduled for completion in 1983, will run north of Lake Baikal parallel to the Trans-Siberian Railroad eastward to Komsomol'sk-on-Amur. Here it will connect via a new bridge ov...

N. L. Blackburn

1978-01-01

181

Recent developments in forged railroad wheels for improved performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The service environment for North American railroad wheels is more demanding than ever due to higher freight car gross rail load (GRL), greater locomotive horsepower, more efficient equipment utilization and faster train speeds. Wheel manufacturers are therefore working diligently to improve product quality and in service product performance. This paper describes various efforts by a forged railroad wheel manufacturer to

C. Lonsdale; Steven Dedmon; J. Pilch

2005-01-01

182

Johnson County Community College and Burlington Northern Railroad.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to serve the educational needs of the business community and generate revenues, Johnson County Community College (Kansas) formed a partnership with Burlington Northern Railroad in which the railroad's training facility would be relocated on the college's campus. This report documents the development of that relationship, its purpose, and…

Radakovich, Dan; Lindsay, Susan; Osborn, Bill

183

15. New York Connecting Railroad: Wards Island Viaduct. Wards Island, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

15. New York Connecting Railroad: Wards Island Viaduct. Wards Island, New York Co., NY. Sec. 4207, MP 7.65. - Northeast Railroad Corridor, Amtrak Route between New Jersey/New York & New York/Connecticut State Lines, New York, New York County, NY

184

16. Photo copy of historic photograph, March, 1948. Shannock Railroad ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16. Photo copy of historic photograph, March, 1948. Shannock Railroad Bridge, Photograph No. 59013. View north from Shannock Road towards Shannock Railroad Bridge. Hussey Photograph Collection. Rhode Island State Archives, Providence, Rhode Island - Shannock Village, Main Street, North Shannock Road, & West Shannock Road, Richmond (historical), Providence County, RI

185

17. Photo copy of historic photograph, September, 1949. Shannock Railroad ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

17. Photo copy of historic photograph, September, 1949. Shannock Railroad Bridge, Photograph No. 59128. View north from Shannock Road towards Shannock Railroad Bridge. Hussey Photograph Collection. Rhode Island State Archives, Providence, Rhode Island - Shannock Village, Main Street, North Shannock Road, & West Shannock Road, Richmond (historical), Providence County, RI

186

2. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf Railroad), photographer unknown, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf Railroad), photographer unknown, 1918 CONSTRUCTION OF NEW FREIGHT DEPOT, TAKEN IN 1918, DURING THE CONVERSEION OF THE ORIGINAL FREIGHT DEPOT INTO AN ENGINE HOUSE - Illinois Central Railroad, Freight Depot No. 2, North of First Street, east of Union Street, La Salle, La Salle County, IL

187

9. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf Railroad), photographer unknown, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf Railroad), photographer unknown, ca. 1915 INTERIOR OF SECOND PASSENGER DEPOT, CA. 1915, AFTER REMODELING OF SECOND PASSENGER DEPOT - Illinois Central Railroad, Passenger Depot No. 2, North of First Street, east of Union Street, La Salle, La Salle County, IL

188

8. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf Railroad), photographer unknown, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf Railroad), photographer unknown, 1918 SOUTH AND WEST FACADES, TAKEN IN 1918 DURING THE CONVERSION OF THE FREIGHT DEPOT INTO AN ENGINE HOUSE. - Illinois Central Railroad, Freight Depot No. 1, North of First Street, east of Union Street, La Salle, La Salle County, IL

189

10. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf Railroad), photographer unknown, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf Railroad), photographer unknown, ca. 1915 INTERIOR OF SECOND PASSENGER DEPOT, CA. 1915, AFTER REMODELING OF SECOND PASSENGER DEPOT - Illinois Central Railroad, Passenger Depot No. 2, North of First Street, east of Union Street, La Salle, La Salle County, IL

190

5. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf railroad), photographer unknown, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf railroad), photographer unknown, ca. 1915 SECOND PASSENGER DEPOT, CA. 1915, DURING REMODELING OF DEPOT - Illinois Central Railroad, Passenger Depot No. 2, North of First Street, east of Union Street, La Salle, La Salle County, IL

191

8. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf Railroad), photographer unknown, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf Railroad), photographer unknown, ca. 1915 SECOND PASSENGER DEPOT, CA. 1915, AFTER REMODELING OF SECOND PASSENGER DEPOT - Illinois Central Railroad, Passenger Depot No. 2, North of First Street, east of Union Street, La Salle, La Salle County, IL

192

1. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf Railroad), photographer unknown, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf Railroad), photographer unknown, 1918 NEW FREIGHT DEPOT, TAKEN IN 1918, DURING THE CONVERSION OF THE ORIGINAL FREIGHT DEPOT INTO AN ENGINE HOUSE - Illinois Central Railroad, Freight Depot No. 2, North of First Street, east of Union Street, La Salle, La Salle County, IL

193

9. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Railroad), photographer unknown, 1918 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Railroad), photographer unknown, 1918 NORTH FACADE, TAKEN IN 1918, SHOWING DOUBLE DOORS FOR ENGINE HOUSE - Illinois Central Railroad, Freight Depot No. 1, North of First Street, east of Union Street, La Salle, La Salle County, IL

194

6. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf Railroad), photographer unknown, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf Railroad), photographer unknown, ca. 1915 SECOND PASSENGER DEPOT, CA. 1915, AFTER REMODELING OF SECOND PASSENGER DEPOT - Illinois Central Railroad, Passenger Depot No. 2, North of First Street, east of Union Street, La Salle, La Salle County, IL

195

2. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf Railroad) photographer unknown, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf Railroad) photographer unknown, 1915 SECOND PASSENGER DEPOT, PHOTOGRAPH TAKEN IN 1915 PRIOR TO REMODELING - Illinois Central Railroad, Passenger Depot No. 2, North of First Street, east of Union Street, La Salle, La Salle County, IL

196

4. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf Railroad), photographer unknown, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf Railroad), photographer unknown, 1918 VIEW LOOKING NORTHEAST SHOWING EXTERIOR OF BUILDING NEARING COMPLETION - Illinois Central Railroad, Freight Depot No. 2, North of First Street, east of Union Street, La Salle, La Salle County, IL

197

7. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf Railroad), photographer unknown, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf Railroad), photographer unknown, ca. 1915 SECOND PASSENGER DEPOT, CA. 1915, AFTER REMODELING OF SECOND PASSENGER DEPOT - Illinois Central Railroad, Passenger Depot No. 2, North of First Street, east of Union Street, La Salle, La Salle County, IL

198

1. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Railroad), photographer unknown, 1915 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Railroad), photographer unknown, 1915 HISTORIC PHOTOGRAPH OF SECOND PASSENGER DEPOT BEFORE REMODELING, WITH ORIGINAL FREIGHT DEPOT BEYOND - Illinois Central Railroad, Passenger Depot No. 2, North of First Street, east of Union Street, La Salle, La Salle County, IL

199

3. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf Railroad), photographer unknown, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Gulf Railroad), photographer unknown, ca. 1915 SECOND PASSENGER DEPOT, CA. 1915 DURING REMODELING OF DEPOT - Illinois Central Railroad, Passenger Depot No. 2, North of First Street, east of Union Street, La Salle, La Salle County, IL

200

4. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Railroad), photographer unknown, ca. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. Historic photograph (from Illinois Central Railroad), photographer unknown, ca. 1915 SECOND PASSENGER DEPOT, CA. 1915, DURING REMODELING OF DEPOT - Illinois Central Railroad, Passenger Depot No. 2, North of First Street, east of Union Street, La Salle, La Salle County, IL

201

5. VIEW OF THE RAILROAD GRADE (AT RIGHT), SHOWING THE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. VIEW OF THE RAILROAD GRADE (AT RIGHT), SHOWING THE PORTION WITHIN MONTANA DEPARTMENT OF HIGHWAYS (MDOH) IMPACT AREA WITH THE HIGHEST FILL SECTION OF ABOUT 10 FEET, LOOKING SOUTH-SOUTHWEST - Great Northern Railroad Bed, From Big Sandy to Verona, Fort Benton, Chouteau County, MT

202

9. Boston & Providence Railroad: Canton Viaduct. Canton, Norfolk Co., ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. Boston & Providence Railroad: Canton Viaduct. Canton, Norfolk Co., MA. (Not on NEC). (See HAER No. MA-27 for further documentation on this site). - Northeast Railroad Corridor, Amtrak Route between RI/MA State Line & South Station, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

203

7. LOOKING WEST, PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD BRIDGE IN MIDDLE GROUND, CTA ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. LOOKING WEST, PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD BRIDGE IN MIDDLE GROUND, CTA ORANGE LINE IN FOREGROUND, DAN RYAN EXPRESSWAY IN BACKGROUND. - Pennsylvania Railroad, South Branch Chicago River Bridge, Spanning South Branch of Chicago River Bridge east of Canal Street, Chicago, Cook County, IL

204

2. AERIAL VIEW SHOWING AQUEDUCT RIGHTOFWAY PASSING OVER RAILROAD LINE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. AERIAL VIEW SHOWING AQUEDUCT RIGHT-OF-WAY PASSING OVER RAILROAD LINE FROM STONE QUARRY. TRACKS ARE GONE BUT RIGHT-OF-WAY IS STILL VISIBLE. - Old Croton Aqueduct, Quarry Railroad Bridge, Aqueduct Lane at Williams Street, Hastings-on-Hudson, Westchester County, NY

205

49 CFR 219.601 - Railroad random drug testing programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Railroad random drug testing programs. 219.601 Section 219.601...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION CONTROL OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG USE Random Alcohol and Drug Testing Programs § 219.601 Railroad...

2011-10-01

206

1. 'Front Elevation, End Elevation of Parapet, Section on Centerline ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. 'Front Elevation, End Elevation of Parapet, Section on Centerline of Portal,' Southern Pacific Standard Single-Track Tunnel, 1909. Compare to photos in documentation sets for Tunnel 23 (HAER No. CA-198), Tunnel 24 (HAER No. CA-200), Tunnel 25 (HAER No. CA-201), Tunnel 27 (HAER No. CA-203), Tunnel 28 (HAER No. CA-204), and Tunnel 29 (HAER No. CA-205). - Central Pacific Transcontinental Railroad, Sacramento to Nevada state line, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

207

77 FR 66216 - Union Railroad Company-Corporate Family Merger Exemption-McKeesport Connecting Railroad Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Railroad Company--Corporate Family Merger Exemption-- McKeesport...d)(3) for a corporate family transaction pursuant to which...is to simplify the corporate structure of the Transtar railroads by...transaction within a corporate family of the type specifically...

2012-11-02

208

National Geographic Online: The Underground Railroad  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Just in time to celebrate Black History Month, this multimedia educational Web site from National Geographic offers a diverse set of materials that describe the Underground Railroad, the famed network of individuals who helped transport African-Americans to freedom before the abolition of slavery. Students will want to start by taking The Journey, which, with the aid of visual materials (such as historical photographs of slaves and abolitionists) and audio selections (such as popular spirituals of the day), allows young people to make decisions about what to do in order to reach the North and freedom. Next, visitors can look at a map of the Underground Railroad routes, including those specific to Harriet Tubman. Also, a nice timeline provides some context to the history of slavery in the New World, beginning with the importing of slaves by Spaniards to Santo Domingo in 1501, and concluding in 1865 when slavery was abolished by the passage of the 13th Amendment. The site is rounded out by a number of educational resources for teachers, divided by grade levels.

2003-01-01

209

Ultrasonic measurement of stress in railroad wheels  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The equipment described here generates ultrasonic shear waves using an electromagnetic-acoustic transducer. Precise measurement of the velocity of two orthogonally polarized signals determines the birefringence and allows the calculation of stress. It is necessary to account for the effect of metallurgical texture which can contribute to the birefringence and appear as moderate stress. This system sends a signal through the thickness of a railroad wheel rim, digitizes the first echo, locks onto a cycle, and calculates the time when it crosses zero amplitude. Signal averaging yields the arrival time of a signal at about 90 ?s with a standard deviation of 2-4 ns. In screening the residual stress in the rims of cast-steel railroad wheels, this system has a total error of ~+/-60 MPa; most of this is due to variability of the texture measured in several stress-relieved blocks cut from wheels. The initial measurements were on wheels in which the manufacture had induced known levels of thermal damage. Results from destructive radial saw cuts through the rims allowed qualitative evaluation of the nondestructive measurements. Most components in this equipment are commercially available.

Schramm, Raymond E.

1999-02-01

210

77 FR 50762 - Arkansas-Oklahoma Railroad, Inc.-Lease and Operation Exemption-Line of Union Pacific Railroad...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...line between milepost 446.5, at/near Shawnee, and milepost 445.0, east of Shawnee at Brangus Road, in Pottawatomie County, Okla. AOK states that consummation of the transaction will occur on or about September 4, 2012. The...

2012-08-22

211

77 FR 11192 - Cedar River Railroad Company-Trackage Rights Exemption-Chicago, Central & Pacific Railroad Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...our Web site at www.stb.dot.gov. Decided: February 17, 2012. By the Board, Rachel D. Campbell, Director, Office of Proceedings. Jeffrey Herzig, Clearance Clerk. [FR Doc. 2012-4300 Filed 2-23-12; 8:45 am] BILLING...

2012-02-24

212

Railroads, noise and the city: A manual for authorities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Trains crossing cities produce different problems and annoyances; one of them is noise, which directly affects the neighborhoods near the railroad tracks. This situation must be solved jointly by the city authorities and the railroad companies in two ways: planning, which looks to avoid future problems, and short-term solutions, which have the objective to control the present problems. In this paper a manual for authorities is presented that gives an overview of the available options that help in the decision-making process necessary to achieve a problem-free interaction between railroads and cities in relation to noise.

Elizondo-Garza, Fernando J.; Leal-Chapa, Cesar A.; Cupich-Rodriguez, Miguel; Cupich-Guerrero, Jorge

2002-11-01

213

Fatigue of old metallic railroad bridges  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The fatigue behavior of materials taken from old metallic railroad bridges are investigated as a prerequisite to determine their residual life. Following an appropriate methodology for the characterization in fatigue of these materials, carbon steels and puddle irons, their S-N Woehler curves were obtained. These curves are analyzed according to the European standards and recommendations on fatigue design of steel structures. The work was completed with the characterization of the behavior of welded joints. The most important conclusion is the relevant influence of the surface defects present in the material on its fatigue behavior. The presence of these defects conditions the process of obtaining samples from the bridges to be analyzed. These samples have to include the surface defects to be representative.

Varona, Jose Maria; Gutierrez-Solana, Federico; Gonzalez, Javier J.

1992-07-01

214

NORTH SIDES OF LIQUID OXYGEN TANKS. Looking southwest along railroad ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

NORTH SIDES OF LIQUID OXYGEN TANKS. Looking southwest along railroad track to AF Plant 72 - Edwards Air Force Base, Air Force Rocket Propulsion Laboratory, Liquid Oxygen & Nitrogen Storage Tank Farm, Intersection of Altair & Jupiter Boulevards, Boron, Kern County, CA

215

38. SOUTH PLANT NORTH RAILROAD SPUR, WITH WAREHOUSE (BUILDING 531) ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

38. SOUTH PLANT NORTH RAILROAD SPUR, WITH WAREHOUSE (BUILDING 531) AT LEFT. VIEW TO EAST - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Bounded by Ninety-sixth Avenue & Fifty-sixth Avenue, Buckley Road, Quebec Street & Colorado Highway 2, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

216

10. View north from the adjacent B & O railroad ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. View north from the adjacent B & O railroad bridge of portion of the Main truss span over the reservoir of the Augustine Paper Mills, National Register Site. - Augustine Bridge, Brandywine River,Augustine Cutoff, Wilmington, New Castle County, DE

217

3. NORTH AND EAST SIDES OF BUILDING, WITH RAILROAD TRACKS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. NORTH AND EAST SIDES OF BUILDING, WITH RAILROAD TRACKS IN FOREGROUND. VIEW TO SOUTHWEST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Crude Mustard & Aldrin Manufacturing, 1200 feet South of December Seventh Avenue; 600 feet East of D Street, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

218

Railroad Retirement Board Performance and Accountability Report, Fiscal Year 2006.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This fiscal year 2006 Performance and Accountability Report highlights the goals and accomplishments of the Railroad Retirement Board (RRB) in achieving its mission of administering the retirement, disability, and survivor benefit program provided under t...

2006-01-01

219

11. Roofscape, looking west above railroad court, showing water tanks ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. Roofscape, looking west above railroad court, showing water tanks for sprinkler system and representative penthouse for elevator machinery. - U.S. Navy Fleet Supply Base, Storehouse No. 1, 830 Third Avenue, Brooklyn, Kings County, NY

220

49 CFR 219.607 - Railroad random alcohol testing programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Railroad random alcohol testing programs. 219.607 Section 219...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION CONTROL OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG USE Random Alcohol and Drug Testing Programs § 219.607...

2011-10-01

221

49 CFR 219.607 - Railroad random alcohol testing programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Railroad random alcohol testing programs. 219.607 Section 219...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION CONTROL OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG USE Random Alcohol and Drug Testing Programs § 219.607...

2012-10-01

222

Interior detail of main entry with railroad tracks; camera facing ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior detail of main entry with railroad tracks; camera facing east. - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Mechanics Shop, Waterfront Avenue, west side between A Street & Third Street, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

223

30. West view, showing court in storehouse #1 adn railroad ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

30. West view, showing court in storehouse #1 adn railroad facilities connecting with yards and float bridges at thirty-eighth street. - U.S. Navy Fleet Supply Base, Storehouse No. 1, 830 Third Avenue, Brooklyn, Kings County, NY

224

View east of brick railroad viaduct central of Georgia ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View east of brick railroad viaduct - central of Georgia - spannin canal prism (now used as pedestrian walk) - Savannah & Ogeechee Barge Canal, Between Ogeechee & Savannah Rivers, Savannah, Chatham County, GA

225

20 CFR 225.14 - Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit PIA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

20 Employees' Benefits 1 2013-04-01 2012-04-01...225.14 Section 225.14 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD...PIA is used in computing the employee vested dual benefit when the employee meets...

2013-04-01

226

Railroad Retirement Board Performance and Accountability Report, Fiscal Year 2009.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Railroad Retirement Board (RRB) is an independent agency in the executive branch of the Federal Government. The RRB's primary function is to administer comprehensive retirement-survivor and unemployment-sickness benefit programs for the nation's railr...

2009-01-01

227

Railroad Retirement Board Justification of Budget Estimates, Fiscal Year 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Railroad Retirement Board (RRB) is an independent agency in the executive branch of the Federal Government. The RRB's primary function is to administer comprehensive retirement/survivor and unemployment/sickness insurance benefit programs for the nati...

2007-01-01

228

5. AERIAL VIEW, LOOKING NE ALONG RAILROAD APPROACH TO CHICAGO. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. AERIAL VIEW, LOOKING NE ALONG RAILROAD APPROACH TO CHICAGO. - Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne & Chicago Railway, Calumet River Bridge, Spanning Calumet River, east of Chicago Skyway (I-90), Chicago, Cook County, IL

229

8. ALABAMA, SUMTER CO., EPES RAILROAD BRIDGE Just N of ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. ALABAMA, SUMTER CO., EPES RAILROAD BRIDGE Just N of U.S. 11, N of Epes Southern RR. lift span, from SW. Sarcone Photography, Columbus, Ms. Sep 1978. - Bridges of the Upper Tombigbee River Valley, Cochrane, Pickens County, AL

230

11. ALABAMA, SUMTER CO., EPES RAILROAD BRIDGE Just N of ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. ALABAMA, SUMTER CO., EPES RAILROAD BRIDGE Just N of U.S. 11 N of Epes Southern RR. lift span, S tower. Sarcone Photography, Columbus, MS. Sep 1978. - Bridges of the Upper Tombigbee River Valley, Cochrane, Pickens County, AL

231

42. RAILROAD TRACKS, WITH BISHOP'S BLOCK, MCFADDEN COFFEE AND SPICE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

42. RAILROAD TRACKS, WITH BISHOP'S BLOCK, MCFADDEN COFFEE AND SPICE COMPANY FACTORY AND WAREHOUSE AND DUBUQUE SEED COMPANY WAREHOUSE IN BACKGROUND. VIEW TO SOUTHWEST. - Dubuque Commercial & Industrial Buildings, Dubuque, Dubuque County, IA

232

44. RAILROAD TRACKS, WITH BISHOP'S BLOCK, MCFADDEN COFFEE AND SPICE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

44. RAILROAD TRACKS, WITH BISHOP'S BLOCK, MCFADDEN COFFEE AND SPICE COMPANY FACTORY AND WAREHOUSE AND DUBUQUE SEED COMPANY WAREHOUSE IN BACKGROUND. VIEW TO SOUTHWEST. - Dubuque Commercial & Industrial Buildings, Dubuque, Dubuque County, IA

233

43. RAILROAD TRACKS, WITH BISHOP'S BLOCK, MCFADDEN COFFEE AND SPICE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

43. RAILROAD TRACKS, WITH BISHOP'S BLOCK, MCFADDEN COFFEE AND SPICE COMPANY FACTORY AND WAREHOUSE AND DUBUQUE SEED COMPANY WAREHOUSE IN BACKGROUND. VIEW TO SOUTHWEST. - Dubuque Commercial & Industrial Buildings, Dubuque, Dubuque County, IA

234

6. OVERALL CONTEXT VIEW OF RAILROAD TRACKS AND BUILDINGS 721 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. OVERALL CONTEXT VIEW OF RAILROAD TRACKS AND BUILDINGS 721 ON THE LEFT AND 741 ON THE RIGHT, LOOKING SOUTH. - Oakland Naval Supply Center, Maritime Street at Seventh Street, Oakland, Alameda County, CA

235

8. OVERALL CONTEXT OBLIQUE VIEW FROM THE RAILROAD TRACKS WITH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. OVERALL CONTEXT OBLIQUE VIEW FROM THE RAILROAD TRACKS WITH BUILDINGS 711 ON THE LEFT, AND 741 IN THE DISTANCE ON THE RIGHT, LOOKING SOUTHEAST. - Oakland Naval Supply Center, Maritime Street at Seventh Street, Oakland, Alameda County, CA

236

VIEW OF ELEVATED RAILROAD AND HIGHWAY DECK TRUSS SPAN AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW OF ELEVATED RAILROAD AND HIGHWAY DECK TRUSS SPAN AND CONCRETE PIER ?C? LOOKING SOUTHEAST. - Huey P. Long Bridge, Spanning Mississippi River approximately midway between nine & twelve mile points upstream from & west of New Orleans, Jefferson, Jefferson Parish, LA

237

49 CFR 237.51 - Railroad bridge engineers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...be competent to perform the following functions as they apply to the particular engineering work to be performed: (1) Determine the forces and stresses in railroad bridges and bridge components; (2) Prescribe safe loading conditions...

2010-10-01

238

Catalog of Training Materials for the Railroad Industry, Supplement 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document lists training materials that are available to the railroad industry. The listings in this supplement were furnished by a commercial organization that offers the described training materials for sale. The catalog and this supplement are inte...

1980-01-01

239

Interior planar view of doors to railroad platform at rear ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior planar view of doors to railroad platform at rear of ammunition storage building 4403, view towards the west westside with scale - Fort McClellan Ammunition Storage Area, Building No. 4403, Second Avenue (Magazine Road), Anniston, Calhoun County, AL

240

8. View north from the adjacent B & O railroad ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. View north from the adjacent B & O railroad bridge of Pier No. 2 and portions of the deck and super-structure. - Augustine Bridge, Brandywine River,Augustine Cutoff, Wilmington, New Castle County, DE

241

7. View north from the adjacent B & O railroad ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. View north from the adjacent B & O railroad bridge of Pier No. 1 and portions of the deck and super-structure. - Augustine Bridge, Brandywine River,Augustine Cutoff, Wilmington, New Castle County, DE

242

15. View north from the adjacent B & O railroad ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

15. View north from the adjacent B & O railroad bridge of Pier No. 5 and portion of the deck and super-structure. - Augustine Bridge, Brandywine River,Augustine Cutoff, Wilmington, New Castle County, DE

243

9. View facing east on Harris Avenue, showing the Railroad ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. View facing east on Harris Avenue, showing the Railroad Switching Station, H.P. Hood & Son, Brownell & Field Co., Costello Brothers Building and Merchants' Cold Storage Warehouse. - Provisions Warehouse Historic District, Kinsley & Harris Avenues, Providence, Providence County, RI

244

2. View looking south from Lehigh Valley Railroad Bridge showing ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. View looking south from Lehigh Valley Railroad Bridge showing Neshanic Station Bridge in elevation. Jet Lowe, photographer, 1983 - Neshanic Station Lenticular Truss Bridge, State Route 567, spanning South Branch of Raritan River, Neshanic Station, Somerset County, NJ

245

Section C, interior of Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Station at ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Section C, interior of Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Station at loading dock, showing door to vault in vestibule, looking northeast. (JB) - World Trade Center Site, Bounded by Vesey, Church, Liberty Streets, & Route 9A, New York, New York County, NY

246

Section C, interior of Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Station basement ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Section C, interior of Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Station basement showing door to vault, looking northwest. (JB) - World Trade Center Site, Bounded by Vesey, Church, Liberty Streets, & Route 9A, New York, New York County, NY

247

Section C, interior of Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Station basement ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Section C, interior of Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Station basement showing tile on columns and outside walls, looking northeast. (BH) - World Trade Center Site, Bounded by Vesey, Church, Liberty Streets, & Route 9A, New York, New York County, NY

248

Interior view of Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Station exit ramps ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior view of Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Station exit ramps in Section C, looking east. (BH) - World Trade Center Site, Bounded by Vesey, Church, Liberty Streets, & Route 9A, New York, New York County, NY

249

Section C, interior of Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Station basement ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Section C, interior of Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Station basement showing generator pit, looking west. (BH) - World Trade Center Site, Bounded by Vesey, Church, Liberty Streets, & Route 9A, New York, New York County, NY

250

View of Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Station exit ramps in ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View of Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Station exit ramps in Section C, looking south. (BH) - World Trade Center Site, Bounded by Vesey, Church, Liberty Streets, & Route 9A, New York, New York County, NY

251

Section C, interior of Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Station at ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Section C, interior of Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Station at loading dock, showing door to upper vault, looking northeast. (JB) - World Trade Center Site, Bounded by Vesey, Church, Liberty Streets, & Route 9A, New York, New York County, NY

252

75 FR 44046 - Railroad Safety Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...arising out of the Rail Safety Improvement Act of 2008 (RSIA): Positive Train Control, Railroad Bridge Safety Management, Conductor Certification, and a possible new task regarding Dark Territory may be presented to the committee for approval. This...

2010-07-27

253

21. VIEW OF MIANUS RIVER RAILROAD BRIDGE LOOKING NORTHEAST FROM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

21. VIEW OF MIANUS RIVER RAILROAD BRIDGE LOOKING NORTHEAST FROM THE REMAINS OF THE COS COB POWER PLANT COALING DOCK. THE BRIDGE IS A ROLLING LIFT BASCULE TYPE BUILT IN 1894-1895. NOTE THE ABSENCE OF CATENARY OVER THE CHANNEL AND THE METHOD OF CARRYING POWER FEED OVER THE RIVER ON THE HIGH TOWERS ADJACENT TO THE LIFT SECTION OF THE BRIDGE. - New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad, Cos Cob Power Plant, Sound Shore Drive, Greenwich, Fairfield County, CT

254

Large latitudinal gradients and temporal heterogeneity in aerosol black carbon and its mass mixing ratio over southern and northern oceans observed during a trans-continental cruise experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Extensive, and collocated measurements of the mass concentrations (MB) of aerosol black carbon (BC) and (MT) of composite aerosols were made over the Arabian Sea, tropical Indian Ocean and the Southern Ocean during a trans-continental cruise experiment. Our investigations show that MB remains extremely low (<50 ng m-3) and remarkably steady (in space and time) in the Southern Ocean (20°S to 56°S). In contrast, large latitudinal gradients exist north of ~20°S MB increasing exponentially to reach as high as 2000 ng m-3 in the Arabian Sea (~8°N). Interestingly, the share of BC showed a distinctly different latitudinal variation, with a peak close to the equator and decreasing on either side. Large fluctuations were seen in MT over Southern Ocean associated with enhanced production of sea-salt aerosols in response to sea-surface wind speed. These spatio-temporal changes in MB and its mixing ratio have important implications to regional and global climate.

Moorthy, K. Krishna; Satheesh, S. K.; Babu, S. Suresh; Saha, Auromeet

2005-07-01

255

Diary of a Railroad Construction Engineer, 1868  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article features original text passages from the primary source, "Diary of Judge A. N. Ferguson engaged as Civil Engineer with a U.P.R.R. [Union Pacific Rail Road] Surveying Party April 25, 1868 to May 10, 1869." Creative ideas for discussion are provided about topics such as weather, and the dangers the survey team endured as they completed…

Social Education, 2004

2004-01-01

256

20 CFR 200.8 - Disclosure of information obtained in the administration of the Railroad Retirement Act and the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 200.8 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD GENERAL...employer, employee, applicant...the Railroad Retirement Act of 1974...officer or employee of the United...the Railroad Retirement Tax...

2013-04-01

257

20 CFR 200.8 - Disclosure of information obtained in the administration of the Railroad Retirement Act and the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...information obtained in the administration of the Railroad Retirement Act and the Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act. 200.8 Section 200.8 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD GENERAL ADMINISTRATION...

2009-04-01

258

76 FR 27170 - Notice of Application for Approval of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration Notice of Application...of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System [Docket Number FRA-2010-0163...CSX) and the Allegheny Valley Railroad (AVRR) have jointly petitioned...

2011-05-10

259

78 FR 59754 - Notice of Application for Approval of Railroad Safety Program Plan and Product Safety Plan  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration [Docket Number FRA-2013-0088...Notice of Application for Approval of Railroad Safety Program Plan and Product Safety...Railway (ATN) petitioned the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) for approval...

2013-09-27

260

49 CFR Appendix C to Part 213 - Statement of Agency Policy on the Safety of Railroad Bridges  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Statement of Agency Policy on the Safety of Railroad Bridges C Appendix C to Part 213...Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION...Statement of Agency Policy on the Safety of Railroad Bridges 1. The structural...

2009-10-01

261

49 CFR Appendix A to Part 237 - Supplemental Statement of Agency Policy on the Safety of Railroad Bridges  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Statement of Agency Policy on the Safety of Railroad Bridges A Appendix A to Part 237...Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION...Statement of Agency Policy on the Safety of Railroad Bridges A Statement of Agency...

2010-10-01

262

78 FR 12824 - Notice of Application for Approval of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration [Docket Number FRA-2002-14116...of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System or Relief From Requirements...January 21, 2013, the Grand Trunk Western Railroad Company (GTW), which operates...

2013-02-25

263

78 FR 25344 - Notice of Application for Approval of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration [Docket Number FRA-2013-0037...of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System In accordance with Part...the Western New York & Pennsylvania Railroad, LLC (WNYP) has petitioned the...

2013-04-30

264

20 CFR 200.8 - Disclosure of information obtained in the administration of the Railroad Retirement Act and the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...information obtained in the administration of the Railroad Retirement Act and the Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act. 200.8 Section 200.8 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD GENERAL ADMINISTRATION...

2010-04-01

265

75 FR 44051 - Resolicitation of Applications for the Railroad Safety Technology Program Grant Program (RS-TEC...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration [Docket No. FRA-2010-005-N-5...Resolicitation of Applications for the Railroad Safety Technology Program Grant Program (RS-TEC-10-001) AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), Department...

2010-07-27

266

76 FR 34801 - Notice of Application for Approval of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration [Docket Number FRA-2011-0041...of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System In accordance with Part...dated April 22, 2011, the National Railroad Passenger Corporation (Amtrak)...

2011-06-14

267

76 FR 37888 - Yellowstone Valley Railroad, L.L.C.-Discontinuance of Service Exemption-in Dawson and Richland...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Transportation Board [Docket No. AB 991X] Yellowstone Valley Railroad, L.L.C.--Discontinuance...Dawson and Richland Counties, Mont. Yellowstone Valley Railroad, L.L.C. (YVRR...1\\ Applicant's name was formerly Yellowstone Valley Railroad, Inc. See Watco...

2011-06-28

268

9 CFR 95.26 - Railroad cars, trucks, boats, aircraft and other means of conveyance, equipment or containers...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Railroad cars, trucks, boats, aircraft and other...equipment or containers, yards, and premises; cleaning...Railroad cars, trucks, boats, aircraft and other...equipment or containers, yards, and premises; cleaning...Railroad cars, trucks, boats, aircraft and other...

2010-01-01

269

9 CFR 95.26 - Railroad cars, trucks, boats, aircraft and other means of conveyance, equipment or containers...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Railroad cars, trucks, boats, aircraft and other...equipment or containers, yards, and premises; cleaning...Railroad cars, trucks, boats, aircraft and other...equipment or containers, yards, and premises; cleaning...Railroad cars, trucks, boats, aircraft and other...

2009-01-01

270

77 FR 31067 - Cleveland Commercial Railroad Company, LLC-Continuance in Control Exemption-Cleveland Harbor Belt...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board [Docket No. FD 35623] Cleveland Commercial Railroad Company, LLC--Continuance in Control Exemption--Cleveland Harbor Belt Railroad Cleveland Commercial Railroad Company, LLC (CCR), a Class III...

2012-05-24

271

9 CFR 71.6 - Carrier responsible for cleaning and disinfecting of railroad cars, trucks, boats, aircraft or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...cleaning and disinfecting of railroad cars, trucks, boats, aircraft or other...cleaning and disinfecting of railroad cars, trucks, boats, aircraft or other means of conveyance. (a) Railroad cars, trucks, boats,...

2013-01-01

272

49 CFR 222.45 - When is a railroad required to cease routine sounding of locomotive horns at crossings?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false When is a railroad required to cease routine...Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION...Groups of Crossings-Quiet Zones § 222.45 When is a railroad required to cease...

2009-10-01

273

Lung Cancer in Railroad Workers Exposed to Diesel Exhaust  

PubMed Central

Diesel exhaust has been suspected to be a lung carcinogen. The assessment of this lung cancer risk has been limited by lack of studies of exposed workers followed for many years. In this study, we assessed lung cancer mortality in 54,973 U.S. railroad workers between 1959 and 1996 (38 years). By 1959, the U.S. railroad industry had largely converted from coal-fired to diesel-powered locomotives. We obtained work histories from the U.S. Railroad Retirement Board, and ascertained mortality using Railroad Retirement Board, Social Security, and Health Care Financing Administration records. Cause of death was obtained from the National Death Index and death certificates. There were 43,593 total deaths including 4,351 lung cancer deaths. Adjusting for a healthy worker survivor effect and age, railroad workers in jobs associated with operating trains had a relative risk of lung cancer mortality of 1.40 (95% confidence interval, 1.30–1.51). Lung cancer mortality did not increase with increasing years of work in these jobs. Lung cancer mortality was elevated in jobs associated with work on trains powered by diesel locomotives. Although a contribution from exposure to coal combustion products before 1959 cannot be excluded, these results suggest that exposure to diesel exhaust contributed to lung cancer mortality in this cohort.

Garshick, Eric; Laden, Francine; Hart, Jaime E.; Rosner, Bernard; Smith, Thomas J.; Dockery, Douglas W.; Speizer, Frank E.

2004-01-01

274

3. South side of Snowshed 29, view to northwest from ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. South side of Snowshed 29, view to northwest from west portal of Tunnel 41, 135mm lens. Note that the shed is essentially flat-roofed, and the appearance of a gable is created by the top chords of the supporting trusses. Sides are wide, rough-sawn planks. - Central Pacific Transcontinental Railroad, Tunnel No. 41, Milepost 193.3, Donner, Placer County, CA

275

78 FR 5867 - West Michigan Railroad Co.-Abandonment Exemption-in Van Buren County, MI  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...West Michigan Railroad Co.--Abandonment Exemption--in Van Buren County, MI West Michigan Railroad Co. (WMI) has filed...30.55 (east of Kalamazoo Street in Paw Paw, Mich.), in Van Buren County, Mich. The [[Page 5868

2013-01-28

276

20 CFR 369.1 - Unofficial use of the seal of the Railroad Retirement Board.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

20 Employees' Benefits 1 2013-04-01 2012-04-01...Unofficial use of the seal of the Railroad Retirement Board. 369.1 Section 369.1 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD INTERNAL ADMINISTRATION,...

2013-04-01

277

78 FR 13396 - Notice of Railroad-Shipper Transportation Advisory Council Vacancy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...regulation of railroad rates and service (49 U.S.C. 10701-10747, 11101-11124), as well as the construction, acquisition, operation, and abandonment of rail lines (49 U.S.C. 10901- 10907) and railroad line sales,...

2013-02-27

278

76 FR 64426 - Notice of Railroad-Shipper Transportation Advisory Council Vacancy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...regulation of railroad rates and service (49 U.S.C. 10701-10747, 11101-11124), as well as the construction, acquisition, operation, and abandonment of rail lines (49 U.S.C. 10901- 10907) and railroad line sales,...

2011-10-18

279

75 FR 70080 - Notice of Railroad-Shipper Transportation Advisory Council Vacancies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...freight railroad rates and service (49 U.S.C. 10701-10747, 11101-11124), as well as the construction, acquisition, operation, and abandonment of rail lines (49 U.S.C. 10901-10907) and railroad line sales,...

2010-11-16

280

75 FR 38923 - Regulated Navigation Area: Niantic Railroad Bridge Construction, Niantic, CT  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...surrounding the Niantic Railroad Bridge, traffic will be allowed to...of materials, performance, design, or operation; test methods...Navigation Area: Niantic Railroad Bridge Construction, Niantic, Connecticut...the Highway 156/Main Street Bridge and to the south beginning...

2010-07-07

281

RAILROADS (1:100,000 SCALE) DIGITAL LINE GRAPH (NEUSE RIVER BASIN, NC)  

EPA Science Inventory

Railroads from USGS 100,000-scale Digital Line Graphs (DLG) Transportation for extended Neuse River Watershed study area. Purpose: To define railroads in the Neuse River Watershed. The Neuse River Watershed is defined by 6 digit HUC....

282

System to Detect Truck Hunting on Freight Railroads. Final Report for Safety IDEA Project 06.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Railroad cars can be subject to a lateral instability called hunting while running at relatively high speeds on tangent track. Hunting causes car, lading and track damage, and as a worse case scenario, possibly leads to derailment. Railroads are currently...

J. Brosseau R. Morgan S. Chapman

2006-01-01

283

10. Pennsylvania Railroad: 30th Street Station. Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., PA. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. Pennsylvania Railroad: 30th Street Station. Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., PA. Sec. 1101, MP 88.10. - Northeast Railroad Corridor, Amtrak route between Delaware-Pennsylvania & Pennsylvania-New Jersey state lines, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

284

14. Pennsylvania Railroad: 30th Street Station. Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., PA. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

14. Pennsylvania Railroad: 30th Street Station. Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., PA. Sec. 1101, MP 88.10. - Northeast Railroad Corridor, Amtrak route between Delaware-Pennsylvania & Pennsylvania-New Jersey state lines, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

285

13. Pennsylvania Railroad: 30th Street Station. Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., PA. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. Pennsylvania Railroad: 30th Street Station. Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., PA. Sec. 1101, MP 88.10. - Northeast Railroad Corridor, Amtrak route between Delaware-Pennsylvania & Pennsylvania-New Jersey state lines, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

286

12. Pennsylvania Railroad: 30th Street Station. Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., PA. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. Pennsylvania Railroad: 30th Street Station. Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., PA. Sec. 1101, MP 88.10. - Northeast Railroad Corridor, Amtrak route between Delaware-Pennsylvania & Pennsylvania-New Jersey state lines, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

287

8. Pennsylvania Railroad: 30th Street Station Powerhouse. Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. Pennsylvania Railroad: 30th Street Station Powerhouse. Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., PA. Sec. 1101, MP 88.11. - Northeast Railroad Corridor, Amtrak route between Delaware-Pennsylvania & Pennsylvania-New Jersey state lines, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

288

15. Pennsylvania Railroad: 30th Street Station. Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., PA. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

15. Pennsylvania Railroad: 30th Street Station. Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., PA. Sec. 1101, MP 88.10. - Northeast Railroad Corridor, Amtrak route between Delaware-Pennsylvania & Pennsylvania-New Jersey state lines, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

289

16. Pennsylvania Railroad: 30th Street Station. Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., PA. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16. Pennsylvania Railroad: 30th Street Station. Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., PA. Sec. 1101, MP 88.10. - Northeast Railroad Corridor, Amtrak route between Delaware-Pennsylvania & Pennsylvania-New Jersey state lines, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

290

9. Pennsylvania Railroad: 30th Street Station. Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., PA. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. Pennsylvania Railroad: 30th Street Station. Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., PA. Sec. 1101, MP 88.10. - Northeast Railroad Corridor, Amtrak route between Delaware-Pennsylvania & Pennsylvania-New Jersey state lines, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

291

17. Pennsylvania Railroad: 30th Street Station. Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., PA. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

17. Pennsylvania Railroad: 30th Street Station. Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., PA. Sec. 1101, MP 88.10. - Northeast Railroad Corridor, Amtrak route between Delaware-Pennsylvania & Pennsylvania-New Jersey state lines, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

292

11. Pennsylvania Railroad: 30th Street Station. Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., PA. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. Pennsylvania Railroad: 30th Street Station. Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., PA. Sec. 1101, MP 88.10. - Northeast Railroad Corridor, Amtrak route between Delaware-Pennsylvania & Pennsylvania-New Jersey state lines, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

293

75 FR 40862 - Grand Trunk Western Railroad Company-Abandonment Exemption-in Macomb County, MI  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Surface Transportation Board [Docket No. AB 31 (Sub-No. 42X)] Grand Trunk Western Railroad Company--Abandonment Exemption--in Macomb County, MI Grand Trunk Western Railroad Company (GTW) filed a verified notice of exemption...

2010-07-14

294

75 FR 7152 - CSX Transportation, Inc.-Trackage Rights Exemption-Grand Trunk Western Railroad Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Trackage Rights Exemption--Grand Trunk Western Railroad Company Pursuant to a written trackage rights agreement, Grand Trunk Western Railroad Company (GTW) has agreed...1\\ GTW is a subsidiary of Grand Trunk Corporation, which in turn is a...

2010-02-17

295

49 CFR 240.103 - Approval of design of individual railroad programs by FRA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION QUALIFICATION AND CERTIFICATION OF LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEERS Component Elements of the Certification Process § 240.103 Approval of design of individual railroad programs by FRA. (a)...

2012-10-01

296

49 CFR 240.103 - Approval of design of individual railroad programs by FRA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION QUALIFICATION AND CERTIFICATION OF LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEERS Component Elements of the Certification Process § 240.103 Approval of design of individual railroad programs by FRA. (a)...

2011-10-01

297

49 CFR 220.311 - Railroad operating employees in deadhead status.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...only if the employee is not using the device in such a way that interferes with any railroad operating employee's personal safety or performance of safety-related duties. (b) A railroad operating employee who is in deadhead status and...

2012-10-01

298

49 CFR 220.311 - Railroad operating employees in deadhead status.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...only if the employee is not using the device in such a way that interferes with any railroad operating employee's personal safety or performance of safety-related duties. (b) A railroad operating employee who is in deadhead status and...

2011-10-01

299

Slavery and the Underground Railroad at the Epps Plantations, Petersburg National Battlefield.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

With the passage of the National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom Act in 1998, the National Park Service (NPS) undertook a national initiative to identify and preserve Underground Railroad resources and to interpret the story of the Underground Rai...

M. Tyler-McGraw

2005-01-01

300

The Nevada railroad system: Physical, operational, and accident characteristics  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a description of the operational and physical characteristics of the Nevada railroad system. To understand the dynamics of the rail system, one must consider the system`s physical characteristics, routing, uses, interactions with other systems, and unique operational characteristics, if any. This report is presented in two parts. The first part is a narrative description of all mainlines and major branchlines of the Nevada railroad system. Each Nevada rail route is described, including the route`s physical characteristics, traffic type and volume, track conditions, and history. The second part of this study provides a more detailed analysis of Nevada railroad accident characteristics than was presented in the Preliminary Nevada Transportation Accident Characterization Study (DOE, 1990).

NONE

1991-09-01

301

Energy Conservation Projects to Benefit the Railroad Industry  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Conservation Projects to benefit the railroad industry using the Norfolk Southern Company as a model for the railroad industry has five unique tasks which are in areas of importance within the rail industry, and specifically in the area of energy conservation. The NIU Engineering and Technology research team looked at five significant areas in which research and development work can provide unique solutions to the railroad industry in energy the conservation. (1) Alternate Fuels - An examination of various blends of bio-based diesel fuels for the railroad industry, using Norfolk Southern as a model for the industry. The team determined that bio-diesel fuel is a suitable alternative to using straight diesel fuel, however, the cost and availability across the country varies to a great extent. (2) Utilization of fuel cells for locomotive power systems - While the application of the fuel cell has been successfully demonstrated in the passenger car, this is a very advanced topic for the railroad industry. There are many safety and power issues that the research team examined. (3) Thermal and emission reduction for current large scale diesel engines - The current locomotive system generates large amount of heat through engine cooling and heat dissipation when the traction motors are used to decelerate the train. The research team evaluated thermal management systems to efficiently deal with large thermal loads developed by the operating engines. (4) Use of Composite and Exotic Replacement Materials - Research team redesigned various components using new materials, coatings, and processes to provide the needed protection. Through design, analysis, and testing, new parts that can withstand the hostile environments were developed. (5) Tribology Applications - Identification of tribology issues in the Railroad industry which play a significant role in the improvement of energy usage. Research team analyzed and developed solutions which resulted in friction modification to improve energy efficiency.

Clifford Mirman; Promod Vohra

2009-12-31

302

A fuzzy-based control strategy for leveling electric power fluctuations in railroad substations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a fuzzy-based control strategy for leveling electric power fluctuations in railroad substations. The power control system using an SMES (superconducting magnetic energy storage) installed in the electric railroad substation absorbs energy from the AC source line when no electric car runs and discharges energy when the railroad substation must supply high electric power to electric cars. The

S. Funabiki; H. Nakano; T. Tanaka

2001-01-01

303

76 FR 35104 - Safety Zone; Waterway Closure, Atchafalaya River From Mile Marker 117 (Morgan City Railroad...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Transportation, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140...Morgan City Railroad Bridge) to MM 0 (Simmesport...materials, performance, design, or operation; test...Morgan City Railroad Bridge) to Mile Marker 0...Morgan City Railroad Bridge) and MM 0...

2011-06-16

304

78 FR 33754 - Railroad Workplace Safety; Adjacent-Track On-Track Safety for Roadway Workers  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration 49 CFR Part 214 [Docket...FRA-2008-0059, Notice No. 7] RIN 2130-AC37 Railroad Workplace Safety; Adjacent-Track On-Track...for Roadway Workers AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), Department...

2013-06-05

305

77 FR 53164 - Railroad Workplace Safety; Adjacent-Track On-Track Safety for Roadway Workers  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration 49 CFR Part 214 [Docket...FRA-2008-0059, Notice No. 6] RIN 2130-AC37 Railroad Workplace Safety; Adjacent-Track On-Track...for Roadway Workers AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), Department...

2012-08-31

306

77 FR 13978 - Railroad Workplace Safety; Adjacent-Track On-Track Safety for Roadway Workers  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration 49 CFR Part 214 [Docket...FRA-2008-0059, Notice No. 5] RIN 2130-AB96 Railroad Workplace Safety; Adjacent-Track On-Track...for Roadway Workers AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), Department...

2012-03-08

307

Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Madrid, Spain: transcontinental importation and polyclonal emergence of Panton-Valentine leukocidin-positive isolates.  

PubMed

Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) isolates producing the Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) have been reported worldwide. We describe the molecular characteristics of PVL-positive CA-MRSA strains isolated in Madrid, Spain, and analyze the clinical features of patients infected with these isolates. From 2004 to 2007, we collected 13 PVL-positive MRSA isolates from patients attending to the emergency department. The isolates were genotyped by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, SCCmec typing, agr polymorphism, and multilocus sequence typing. Susceptibility to 29 antimicrobials was determined by the broth microdilution and by the E-test methods. The isolates belonged to 3 genotypes: ST8-SCCmec IVc (n = 11), ST5-SCCmec IVa (n = 1), and ST80-SCCmec IVc (n = 1). The corresponding agr types were I, II, and III, respectively. Five isolates were resistant to tetracycline and doxycycline, and 1 was resistant to fusidic acid (ST80). The isolates were from children (n = 9) and adults (n = 4), and were associated with skin and soft tissue infections (n = 9), otitis (n = 1), and bacteremia (n = 1). Nine patients were from South America. Our results indicate the transcontinental importation and recent emergence in Spain of PVL-positive CA-MRSA strains belonging to 3 distinct lineages, including 1 predominant (ST8-SCCmec IVc). PMID:18280081

Cercenado, Emilia; Cuevas, Oscar; Marín, Mercedes; Bouza, Emilio; Trincado, Pilar; Boquete, Teresa; Padilla, Belén; Vindel, Ana

2008-02-15

308

Sino-European transcontinental basic and clinical high-tech acupuncture studies-part 2: acute stimulation effects on heart rate and its variability in patients with insomnia.  

PubMed

This second part of a series of Sino-European high-tech acupuncture studies describes the first clinical transcontinental teleacupuncture measurements in patients with insomnia. Heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) measurements in 28 patients (mean age ± SD: 41.9 ± 14.6 years) were performed under standardized conditions in Harbin, China, and the data analysis was performed in Graz, Austria. Similar to the first part of the series, the electrocardiograms (ECGs) were recorded by an HRV Medilog AR12 system during acupuncture of the Shenmen point (HT7) on the left hand. HR decreased significantly (P < 0.001) during and after acupuncture stimulation of the HT7 acupuncture point. Total HRV increased significantly (P < 0.05) immediately after acupuncture stimulation, but there was no long-lasting effect. The values of the low-frequency (LF) and high-frequency (HF) band increased significantly after the stimulation compared to baseline values; however, the LF/HF ratio showed no significant changes. Together with the results of previous studies, the present results can serve as a solid basis for further development of acupressure or acupuncture stimulation equipment for complementary use in treating insomnia. PMID:22474529

Litscher, Gerhard; Cheng, Guangyu; Cheng, Weiping; Wang, Lu; Niu, Qianqian; Feng, Xiao; Gaischek, Ingrid; Kuang, Haixue

2012-03-04

309

76 FR 27173 - Carolina Coastal Railway, Inc.-Acquisition and Operation Exemption-Rocky Mount & Western Railroad...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Western Railroad Co., Inc. d/b/a Nash County Railroad Carolina Coastal Railway...Western Railroad Co., Inc. d/b/a Nash County Railroad (NCR), and to operate...May 4, 2011. By the Board. Rachel D. Campbell, Director, Office of Proceedings....

2011-05-10

310

Crash and structural analyses of an aluminium railroad passenger car  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crashworthiness, strength and vibrational features of a railroad passenger car, which is originally made of steel members and then converted to an aluminium design, are studied. The finite element (FE) method is utilised for the static analysis in compliance with various scenarios defined in UIC CODE OR 577, modal analysis and simulation of the crash into a rigid wall. Firstly,

C. Baykasoglu; E. Sunbuloglu; S. E. Bozdag; F. Aruk; T. Toprak; A. Mugan

2012-01-01

311

36. SOUTH PLANT NORTH RAILROAD SPUR, WITH WAREHOUSE BUILDINGS 531 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

36. SOUTH PLANT NORTH RAILROAD SPUR, WITH WAREHOUSE BUILDINGS 531 AND 532 AT CENTER BACKGROUND. VIEW TO EAST - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Bounded by Ninety-sixth Avenue & Fifty-sixth Avenue, Buckley Road, Quebec Street & Colorado Highway 2, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

312

43. SOUTH PLANT NORTH RAILROAD SPUR, WITH LEWISITE FILLING BUILDING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

43. SOUTH PLANT NORTH RAILROAD SPUR, WITH LEWISITE FILLING BUILDING (BUILDING 512) AT LEFT AND PROCESS PIPING AT RIGHT. VIEW TO WEST - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Bounded by Ninety-sixth Avenue & Fifty-sixth Avenue, Buckley Road, Quebec Street & Colorado Highway 2, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

313

20. SOUTH PLANT NORTHCENTER RAILROAD SPUR, WITH FACILITIES MAINTENANCE BUILDING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

20. SOUTH PLANT NORTH-CENTER RAILROAD SPUR, WITH FACILITIES MAINTENANCE BUILDING (BUILDING 543) AT LEFT AND WHITE PHOSPHOROUS FILLING BUILDING (BUILDING 541) AT CENTER. VIEW TO WEST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Bounded by Ninety-sixth Avenue & Fifty-sixth Avenue, Buckley Road, Quebec Street & Colorado Highway 2, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

314

45. SOUTH PLANT NORTHCENTER RAILROAD SPUR, WITH PROCESS PIPING OVERHEAD ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

45. SOUTH PLANT NORTH-CENTER RAILROAD SPUR, WITH PROCESS PIPING OVERHEAD RACK. VIEW TO WEST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Bounded by Ninety-sixth Avenue & Fifty-sixth Avenue, Buckley Road, Quebec Street & Colorado Highway 2, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

315

42. SOUTH PLANT NORTHCENTER RAILROAD SPUR, WITH WAREHOUSE (BUILDING 542) ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

42. SOUTH PLANT NORTH-CENTER RAILROAD SPUR, WITH WAREHOUSE (BUILDING 542) AT LEFT AND WHITE PHOSPHOROUS FILLING BUILDING (BUILDING 541) AT RIGHT. VIEW TO WEST - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Bounded by Ninety-sixth Avenue & Fifty-sixth Avenue, Buckley Road, Quebec Street & Colorado Highway 2, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

316

37. SOUTH PLANT SOUTHCENTER RAILROAD SPUR, WITH WAREHOUSE (BUILDING 315) ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

37. SOUTH PLANT SOUTH-CENTER RAILROAD SPUR, WITH WAREHOUSE (BUILDING 315) AT LEFT AND VEHICLE MAINTENANCE BUILDING (BUILDING 317) AT RIGHT. VIEW TO EAST - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Bounded by Ninety-sixth Avenue & Fifty-sixth Avenue, Buckley Road, Quebec Street & Colorado Highway 2, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

317

21. SOUTH PLANT NORTHCENTER RAILROAD SPUR, WITH WHITE PHOSPHOROUS FILLING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

21. SOUTH PLANT NORTH-CENTER RAILROAD SPUR, WITH WHITE PHOSPHOROUS FILLING BUILDING (BUILDING 541) AT LEFT AND POWER PLANT (BUILDINGS 321 AND 325) AT CENTER. VIEW TO WEST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Bounded by Ninety-sixth Avenue & Fifty-sixth Avenue, Buckley Road, Quebec Street & Colorado Highway 2, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

318

34. SOUTH PLANT NORTHCENTER RAILROAD SPUR, WITH ELECTRICAL POWER PLANT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

34. SOUTH PLANT NORTH-CENTER RAILROAD SPUR, WITH ELECTRICAL POWER PLANT (BUILDING 325) AT LEFT AND CELL BUILDING (BUILDING 242) AT RIGHT. VIEW TO WEST - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Bounded by Ninety-sixth Avenue & Fifty-sixth Avenue, Buckley Road, Quebec Street & Colorado Highway 2, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

319

33. SOUTH PLANT NORTH RAILROAD SPUR, WITH LABORATORY (BUILDING 241) ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

33. SOUTH PLANT NORTH RAILROAD SPUR, WITH LABORATORY (BUILDING 241) AT RIGHT AND CELL BUILDING (BUILDING 242) AT CENTER. VIEW TO EAST - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Bounded by Ninety-sixth Avenue & Fifty-sixth Avenue, Buckley Road, Quebec Street & Colorado Highway 2, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

320

16. View of passage (formerly Spicket Street; later, railroad rightofway) ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16. View of passage (formerly Spicket Street; later, railroad right-of-way) between Paper Machine Building (on left) and Wilder Mill (on right), from Canal Street; view to north. - Champion-International Paper Company, West bank of Spicket River at Canal Street, Lawrence, Essex County, MA

321

15. View of passage (formerly Spicket Street; later, railroad rightofway) ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

15. View of passage (formerly Spicket Street; later, railroad right-of-way) between Wilder Mill (on left) and Paper Machine Building (on right), showing collapsed area of stone arch bridge spanning raceway in foreground; view to south - Champion-International Paper Company, West bank of Spicket River at Canal Street, Lawrence, Essex County, MA

322

17. View of passage (formerly Spicket Street; later, railroad rightofway) ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

17. View of passage (formerly Spicket Street; later, railroad right-of-way) between Paper Machine Building (on left) and Wilder Mill (on right), from inside security fence; view to north. - Champion-International Paper Company, West bank of Spicket River at Canal Street, Lawrence, Essex County, MA

323

173. RAILROAD CUT AND OVERPASS, 194041. VIEW FROM WEST OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

173. RAILROAD CUT AND OVERPASS, 1940-41. VIEW FROM WEST OF CUT THROUGH DEVIL'S FOOT ROCK FOR RAIL LINE INTO BASE; CONCRETE BRIDGE OVER RAIL LINE CARRIES THE POST ROAD/ROUTE 1. - Quonset Point Naval Air Station, Roger Williams Way, North Kingstown, Washington County, RI

324

Railroad transportation of nuclear waste and other Hazardous materials  

SciTech Connect

Railroads continue to have duties to shippers and the public, and they may not take the law into their own hands. Except for emergencies - and then only for the duration of the emergency - they must carry all commodities without regard to whether they are dangerous, unless the proper agency of the federal government has relieved them of that obligation. (author)

McBride, Michael F.

2008-04-15

325

The Old Railroad Right-of-Way Challenge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a classroom challenge involving an old railroad right-of-way. Using the knowledge gained via research into what others may have done with utilizing old rail lines, along with team creative efforts, students should begin generating ideas for how to use these land areas. The students might suggest the land areas be used for:…

Roman, Harry T.

2009-01-01

326

38. View looking west toward Botany Worsted Mills; railroad bridge ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

38. View looking west toward Botany Worsted Mills; railroad bridge (No.39A) at right, Dundee Canal at center - Dundee Canal Industrial Historic District, Beginning at George Street in Passaic & extending north along Dundee Canal approximately 1.2 miles to Canal headgates opposite East Clifton Avenue in Clifton, Passaic, Passaic County, NJ

327

8. View to east within railroad court between arms of ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. View to east within railroad court between arms of storehouse #1, showing loading platforms, track, and (in middle ground) enclosed seven-story bridge between the building arms. - U.S. Navy Fleet Supply Base, Storehouse No. 1, 830 Third Avenue, Brooklyn, Kings County, NY

328

41. SOUTH PLANT NORTHCENTER RAILROAD SPUR, WITH ARSENIC TRICHLORIDE MANUFACTURING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

41. SOUTH PLANT NORTH-CENTER RAILROAD SPUR, WITH ARSENIC TRICHLORIDE MANUFACTURING BUILDING (BUILDING 523) AT LEFT FOREGROUND AND PROCESS PIPING AT CENTER. VIEW TO EAST - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Bounded by Ninety-sixth Avenue & Fifty-sixth Avenue, Buckley Road, Quebec Street & Colorado Highway 2, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

329

Reporting the Great Railroad Strike: How Ideology Shaped the News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Great Railroad Strike of 1877, a national catastrophe and the major news story of the year, was the first national labor strike in U.S. history. Because of the ideological bias of the press, specifically its implicit commitment to capitalism and to objectivity (itself a "myth" of social order), newspapers of the period could be expected to…

Coward, John

330

Electric Power Supply for Commuter Rail Are Railroads Keeping Up?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electrification offers many advantages for commuter railroads. But to derive electrification's full benefits, the traction power supply must meet demand. Several factors should cause commuter rail properties to assess their traction power investment needs: aging generation, transmission, and distribution systems; new cars with improved amenities and higher acceleration rates; and the addition of train starts. The traction power on all

John G. Allen; John P. Aurelius; Joseph Black

2011-01-01

331

Railroad Retirement Board: Strategic Plan 1997-2002.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Railroad Retirement Board (RRB) is proud to present this strategic plan for the years 1997 through 2002, a period of significant challenges and opportunities for the agency. We have developed this plan to communicate our awareness and intentions for m...

1997-01-01

332

Railroad transportation of nuclear waste and other Hazardous materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

Railroads continue to have duties to shippers and the public, and they may not take the law into their own hands. Except for emergencies - and then only for the duration of the emergency - they must carry all commodities without regard to whether they are dangerous, unless the proper agency of the federal government has relieved them of that

Michael F

2008-01-01

333

91. SOUTH PLANT NORTH RAILROAD SPUR WITH WAREHOUSE (BUILDING 729) ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

91. SOUTH PLANT NORTH RAILROAD SPUR WITH WAREHOUSE (BUILDING 729) AT LEFT AND MUSTARD FILLING BUILDING (BUILDING 728) AT RIGHT. VIEW TO WEST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Bounded by Ninety-sixth Avenue & Fifty-sixth Avenue, Buckley Road, Quebec Street & Colorado Highway 2, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

334

Second-Grade Journeys on the Underground Railroad.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a curriculum used in a second grade classroom to expose the predominantly white students to the culture and experiences of African Americans through a study of slavery and the Underground Railroad. Includes a bibliography of African folk tales and literature related to the African American experience. (SLD)

Crump-Stenberg, Linda; Beilke, Patricia F.

1999-01-01

335

Allegheny Portage Railroad: Developing Transportation Technology. Teaching with Historic Places.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a lesson that will help students discover the innovative technologies of the Allegheny Portage Railroad that can be used when teaching about early 19th-century expansion and industrialization. Expounds that students' skills in geography and history will be strengthened through map reading, examination of pictures, and analysis of…

Eick, Brian; Wallner, Rick

1999-01-01

336

"Workin' on the Railroad": African American Labor History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the spring of 2003, the author worked with a team of eighth grade teachers at Asheville Middle School in North Carolina on a project that combined fine art, music, the history of the railroads, and the African American experience in the state and nation. In her classroom, students interviewed a retired train conductor, who was African American,…

Maher, Rebecca

2004-01-01

337

An Innovative Summer Institute for Teachers: Examining the Underground Railroad  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes the summer institute which she planned through her involvement with the Institute for Freedom Studies at Northern Kentucky University, whose purpose is to promote interdisciplinary research, teaching and community outreach grounded in the study of the Underground Railroad. The purpose of the institute was to…

Dallmer, Denise

2002-01-01

338

Higher Education Alert: The Information Railroad Is Coming.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses why and how the "information railroad" will cause major changes not only in the execution of the mission of colleges and universities--in the ways that higher education is manufactured, distributed, and delivered--but also in the perception of the mission itself. (EV)

Wulf, Wm. A.

2003-01-01

339

10. ALABAMA, SUMTER CO., EPES RAILROAD BRIDGE Just N of ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. ALABAMA, SUMTER CO., EPES RAILROAD BRIDGE Just N of U.S. 11 of Epes Wouthern RR. lift span, wide=angle view from SW. bank. Sarcone Photography, Columbus, Ms. Sep 1978. - Bridges of the Upper Tombigbee River Valley, Cochrane, Pickens County, AL

340

9. ALABAMA, SUMTER CO., EPES RAILROAD BRIDGE Just N of ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. ALABAMA, SUMTER CO., EPES RAILROAD BRIDGE Just N of U.S. 11 N of Epes Southern RR. lift span, view from S approach. Sarcone Photography, Columbus, Ms. Sep 1978. - Bridges of the Upper Tombigbee River Valley, Cochrane, Pickens County, AL

341

14. ALABAMA, SUMTER CO., EPES RAILROAD BRIDGE Southern RR at ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

14. ALABAMA, SUMTER CO., EPES RAILROAD BRIDGE Southern RR at Epes Alabama Great Southern RR bridge. View from S. Copy of photo taken in 1922 by Jack Donnell, Columbus, Ms. Sarcone Photography, Columbus, Ms., Sep 1978. - Bridges of the Upper Tombigbee River Valley, Cochrane, Pickens County, AL

342

12. ALABAMA, SUMTER CO., EPES RAILROAD BRIDGE Just N of ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. ALABAMA, SUMTER CO., EPES RAILROAD BRIDGE Just N of U.S. 11 N of Epes Southern RR. lift span, wide angle side view from SE. Sarcone Photography, Columbus, Ms. Sep 1978. - Bridges of the Upper Tombigbee River Valley, Cochrane, Pickens County, AL

343

VIEW OF INSIDE THE MODIFICATION BAY. RAILROAD CARS, SEMITRUCK TRAILERS, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW OF INSIDE THE MODIFICATION BAY. RAILROAD CARS, SEMI-TRUCK TRAILERS, AND ESCORT VEHICLES WERE MODIFIED TO CARRY RADIOACTIVE WASTE MATERIALS FOR STORAGE AND DISPOSAL AND TO TRANSPORT WEAPONS COMPONENTS. (5/12/87) - Rocky Flats Plant, Transport Modification Center, North of Cactus Avenue, approximately 400 feet east of Third Street, Golden, Jefferson County, CO

344

49 CFR 219.105 - Railroad's duty to prevent violations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION CONTROL OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG USE Prohibitions § 219.105 Railroad's duty to prevent...on duty in covered service in violation of the prohibitions of § 219.101 or § 219.102. As used...

2012-10-01

345

Railroad Impact and Downtown Improvement Study Clinton, South Carolina.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is a study of the relationships between the Seaboard Coast Line Railroad track and the city of Clinton, the effects of the track on the central business district, and the attendant traffic circulation problems. Four alternate CBD improvement sc...

1973-01-01

346

12. RAILROAD BRIDGE MISSISSIPPI, MONROE CO., ABERDEEN Reach by foot ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. RAILROAD BRIDGE MISSISSIPPI, MONROE CO., ABERDEEN Reach by foot from E end of Vine St. St.Louis and San Francisco RR bridge, mid-1960s. From S. Credit: St. Louis and San Francisco RR, photographer unknown, date 1962-1969. - Bridges of the Upper Tombigbee River Valley, Columbus, Lowndes County, MS

347

DESIGN GUIDELINES FOR RAILROAD PREEMPTION AT SIGNALIZED INTERSECTIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preemption of traffic signal controllers near railroad grade crossings equipped with active warning devices is often required because queues from the intersection can extend back over the tracks, thereby creating the potential for a serious vehicle-train accident. The purpose of this article is to present guidelines for determining when a preemption capability is required at isolated intersections and for calculating

PETER S. MARSHALL; WILLIAM D. BERG

1997-01-01

348

Development of acoustic health monitoring for railroad tank cars  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the research and development of an Acoustic Health Monitoring (AHM) system that uses Guided Lamb Wave (GLW) technology to determine the thickness of railroad tank car shells for identification of wall loss due to corrosion. In recent regulatory changes, the emphasis has shifted from the traditional hydrotest to more modern methods for assuring tank car integrity. The

Richard Gostautas; Richard Finlayson; Valery Godinez; Adrian Pollock; Jose Penya

2005-01-01

349

3. NORTH ELEVATION OF THE HOT BAY, SHOWING RAILROAD TRACKS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. NORTH ELEVATION OF THE HOT BAY, SHOWING RAILROAD TRACKS LEADING TO THE MASSIVE STEEL-LINED CONCRETE ENTRANCE DOOR. PART OF THE INTRICATE HVAC SYSTEM IS WEST (RIGHT) OF THE DOOR. - Nevada Test Site, Engine Maintenance Assembly & Disassembly Facility, Area 25, Jackass Flats, Mercury, Nye County, NV

350

Recent improvements in wrought railroad wheel production at Standard Steel  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes recent manufacturing modernization efforts and technical progress at the production facility of a major North American wrought railroad wheel manufacturer. Improvements to forging and rolling processes are discussed, with special emphasis on the new computer-controlled, vertical wheel rolling mill. Also described are upgrades to forging and dishing presses, the rotary heating furnace, automated wheel stamping equipment and

C. P. Lonsdale; R. D. Swarzell

2000-01-01

351

35. SOUTH PLANT NORTHCENTER RAILROAD SPUR, SHOWING POWER PLANT (BUILDINGS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

35. SOUTH PLANT NORTH-CENTER RAILROAD SPUR, SHOWING POWER PLANT (BUILDINGS 325 AND 321) AT LEFT, FUEL TOWER AT CENTER AND CHLORINE EVAPORATOR (BUILDING 251) AT RIGHT. VIEW TO WEST - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Bounded by Ninety-sixth Avenue & Fifty-sixth Avenue, Buckley Road, Quebec Street & Colorado Highway 2, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

352

Railroad Retirement Board Budget Submission, Fiscal Year 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is the budget request for fiscal year 2008. It is also being submitted concurrently to the Congress in accordance with Section 7(f) of the Railroad Retirement Act. Resources needed for the Office of Inspector General are not addressed in this ...

2007-01-01

353

American Railroads--An Annotated Guide to Reference Sources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection lists 630 references sources on American railroads. Included are printed sources, such as bibliographies, indexing and abstracting services, dictionaries, encyclopedias, almanacs, directories, yearbooks, manuals, handbooks, maps, atlases, and statistical sources. Each reference has a full bibliographic citation, and some are…

Pappas, Thomas F.

354

Markers of Exposure to Diesel Exhaust in Railroad Workers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study measured the exposure of railroad workers to diesel exhaust and environmental tobacco smoke by using personal air samples taken over two consecutive work shifts. Urine samples were collected from 87 subjects at the end of the study work shifts a...

M. B. Schenker S. J. Samuels N. Y. Kado S. K. Hammond T. J. Smith

1990-01-01

355

Section C, interior view of original Hudson & Manhattan Railroad, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Section C, interior view of original Hudson & Manhattan Railroad, North Tube, looking east from level B2 toward east slurry wall. (BH) - World Trade Center Site, Bounded by Vesey, Church, Liberty Streets, & Route 9A, New York, New York County, NY

356

American Railroads--An Annotated Guide to Reference Sources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection lists 630 references sources on American railroads. Included are printed sources, such as bibliographies, indexing and abstracting services, dictionaries, encyclopedias, almanacs, directories, yearbooks, manuals, handbooks, maps, atlases, and statistical sources. Each reference has a full bibliographic citation, and some are…

Pappas, Thomas F.

357

9. COMPLETED ROLLING CAMERA CAR ON RAILROAD TRACK AND BRIDGE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. COMPLETED ROLLING CAMERA CAR ON RAILROAD TRACK AND BRIDGE LOOKING WEST, APRIL 26, 1948. (ORIGINAL PHOTOGRAPH IN POSSESSION OF DAVE WILLIS, SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA.) - Variable Angle Launcher Complex, Camera Car & Track, CA State Highway 39 at Morris Reservior, Azusa, Los Angeles County, CA

358

"Workin' on the Railroad": African American Labor History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the spring of 2003, the author worked with a team of eighth grade teachers at Asheville Middle School in North Carolina on a project that combined fine art, music, the history of the railroads, and the African American experience in the state and nation. In her classroom, students interviewed a retired train conductor, who was African…

Maher, Rebecca

2004-01-01

359

2. LOOKING NORTHWEST INTO RAILROAD CORRIDOR FROM LOADING DOCK OUTSIDE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. LOOKING NORTHWEST INTO RAILROAD CORRIDOR FROM LOADING DOCK OUTSIDE BUILDING 149; BUILDING 92 IS PARTIALLY VISIBLE BEHIND BRIDGE BUILDINGS 27 AND 181 ARE VISIBLE AT LOWER RIGHT - Rath Packing Company, Hog Dressing Building, Sycamore Street between Elm & Eighteenth Streets, Waterloo, Black Hawk County, IA

360

1. GENERAL SETTING; LOOKING SOUTHWEST INTO RAILROAD CORRIDOR; BUILDING 92 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. GENERAL SETTING; LOOKING SOUTHWEST INTO RAILROAD CORRIDOR; BUILDING 92 IS PARTIALLY VISIBLE AT UPPER RIGHT; BUILDING 168 (1960 HOG KILL) AT LOWER LEFT - Rath Packing Company, Hog Dressing Building, Sycamore Street between Elm & Eighteenth Streets, Waterloo, Black Hawk County, IA

361

1. GENERAL SETTING; LOOKING WEST INTO RAILROAD CORRIDOR; HOG RUN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. GENERAL SETTING; LOOKING WEST INTO RAILROAD CORRIDOR; HOG RUN AND BUILDING 149 ARE AT LEFT; BUILDING 92 IS PARTIALLY HIDDEN BEHIND PEDESTRIAN BRIDGE AT CENTER; BUILDING 181 IS AT RIGHT - Rath Packing Company, Cantilevered Hog Run, Sycamore Street between Elm & Eighteenth Streets, Waterloo, Black Hawk County, IA

362

Wired for success: A history of the Butte, Anaconda & Pacific Railway, 1892--1985  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Butte, Anaconda & Pacific Railway (BA&P) was a standard gauge common carrier short line railroad within the state of Montana. A subsidiary of the Anaconda Copper Mining Company, the BA&P was built to carry ore from mines at Butte, Montana to Anaconda, twenty-six miles away, for concentrating and smelting. Other freight and passenger business was of secondary importance. In

Charles Vincent Mutschler

1999-01-01

363

76 FR 9634 - Union Pacific Railroad Company-Abandonment Exemption-in Lafayette County, MO  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...under Oregon Short Line-- Abandonment Portion Goshen Branch Between...right-of-way proposed for abandonment is mainly reversionary property...the right-of-way may be well suited for conservation uses...effects, if any, of the abandonment on the environment and...

2011-02-18

364

75 FR 21146 - Union Pacific Railroad Company-Trackage Rights Exemption-BNSF Railway Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...exemption (30 days after the exemption is filed). The purpose of the trackage rights agreement is to allow UP to interchange railcars with Canadian National Railway Company (CN) at CN's Johnson Yard in Memphis. As a condition to this exemption, any...

2010-04-22

365

76 FR 77890 - Union Pacific Railroad Company-Petition for Declaratory Order  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...David L. Coleman, Law Department, Norfolk Southern Corporation, Three Commercial Place, Norfolk, VA 23510-9241...gregory.leitner@huschblackwell.com (representing Olin Corporation and SunBelt Chlor Alkali Partnership); (5)...

2011-12-14

366

78 FR 32709 - BNSF Railway Company-Temporary Trackage Rights Exemption-Union Pacific Railroad Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Transportation Board [Docket No. FD 35739] BNSF Railway Company--Temporary Trackage Rights...temporary overhead trackage rights to BNSF Railway Company (BNSF) over: (1) UP's Black...conditions imposed in Norfolk and Western Railway--Trackage Rights--Burlington...

2013-05-31

367

77 FR 73114 - BNSF Railway Company-Temporary Trackage Rights Exemption-Union Pacific Railroad Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...reconsideration must be filed by December 20, 2012. Dated: December 3, 2012. By the Board, Rachel D. Campbell, Director, Office of Proceedings. Jeffrey Herzig, Clearance Clerk. [FR Doc. 2012-29587 Filed 12-6-12; 8:45 am] BILLING...

2012-12-07

368

75 FR 11224 - VFRC, LLC-Acquisition Exemption-Union Pacific Railroad Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...site at http://www.stb.dot.gov. Decided: March 5, 2010. By the Board, Rachel D. Campbell, Director, Office of Proceedings. Jeffrey Herzig, Clearance Clerk. [FR Doc. 2010-5077 Filed 3-9-10; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE...

2010-03-10

369

75 FR 65049 - Union Pacific Railroad Company-Abandonment Exemption-in Pulaski County, AR  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...site at http://www.stb.dot.gov. Decided: October 12, 2010. By the Board, Rachel D. Campbell, Director, Office of Proceedings. Jeffrey Herzig, Clearance Clerk. [FR Doc. 2010-26239 Filed 10-20-10; 8:45 am] BILLING...

2010-10-21

370

NDT techniques for railroad wheel and gauge corner inspection  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of non-destructive techniques (NDT) techniques for the in-service inspection of railroad wheels and gauge corners was the main activity of the NDT division VIII. 4 at BAM over the last 2 years. For such different components, two different inspection techniques were fundamentally chosen in order to fulfil the end-user requirements. Firstly the inspection of the wheels—rim and disk—should

Rainer Pohl; A Erhard; H.-J Montag; H.-M Thomas; H Wüstenberg

2004-01-01

371

Improving an energy harvesting device for railroad safety applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to hundreds of fatalities annually at unprotected railroad crossings (mostly because of collisions with passenger vehicles and derailments resulting from improperly maintained tracks and mechanical failures), supplying a reliable source of electrical energy to power crossing lights and distributed sensor networks is essential to improve safety. With regard to the high cost of electrical infrastructure for railroad crossings in remote areas and the lack of reliability and robustness of solar and wind energy solutions, development of alternative energy harvesting devices is of interest. In this paper, improvements to a mechanical energy harvesting device are presented. The device scavenges electrical energy from deflection of railroad track due to passing railcar traffic. It is mounted to and spans two rail ties and converts and magnifies the track's entire upward and downward displacement into rotational motion of a PMDC generator. The major improvements to the new prototype include: harvesting power from upward displacement in addition to downward, changing the gearing and generator in order to maximize power production capacity for the same shaft speed, and improving the way the system is stabilized for minimizing lost motion. The improved prototype was built, and simulations and tests were conducted to quantify the effects of the improvements.

Pourghodrat, Abolfazl; Nelson, Carl A.; Phillips, Kyle J.; Fateh, Mahmood

2011-03-01

372

A mathematical modeling approach to resource allocation for railroad-highway crossing safety upgrades.  

PubMed

State Departments of Transportation (S-DOT's) periodically allocate budget for safety upgrades at railroad-highway crossings. Efficient resource allocation is crucial for reducing accidents at railroad-highway crossings and increasing railroad as well as highway transportation safety. While a specific method is not restricted to S-DOT's, sorting type of procedures are recommended by the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), United States Department of Transportation for the resource allocation problem. In this study, a generic mathematical model is proposed for the resource allocation problem for railroad-highway crossing safety upgrades. The proposed approach is compared to sorting based methods for safety upgrades of public at-grade railroad-highway crossings in Tennessee. The comparison shows that the proposed mathematical modeling approach is more efficient than sorting methods in reducing accidents and severity. PMID:23253628

Konur, Dinçer; Golias, Mihalis M; Darks, Brandon

2012-12-18

373

26 CFR 31.3306(c)(9)-1 - Railroad industry; services performed by an employee or an employee representative under the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Railroad industry; services performed...9)-1 Railroad industry; services performed...or suburban electric railway, unless such railway...movement by rail with standard railroad locomotives...general committee of a...

2013-04-01

374

Death in the desert. The sabotage-derailment of "The City of San Francisco".  

PubMed

The completion of the transcontinental railroad in 1869 was a milestone in American history. Seventy years later in August 1939, the westbound, new Southern Pacific Railroad streamlined passenger train "City of San Francisco," was intentionally derailed at high speed in northern Nevada by saboteurs who had moved a rail out of alignment. This resulted in a spectacular wreck, claiming the lives of 24 passengers and crew. Despite the finding of physical and trace evidence; and lengthy, exhaustive investigations by railroad police, the FBI, and forensic scientists, the perpetrators were never brought to justice. Deaths resulting from vandalism and sabotage are among the least common of railroad-related deaths; however, acts of vandalism and violence including train derailment are increasingly frequent in this country. Law enforcement officers and forensic scientists must be able to place these incidents in their proper perspective and to successfully investigate and solve them by employing all means at their disposal. PMID:6344616

Murphy, G K

1983-06-01

375

75 FR 60496 - Kern Valley Railroad Company-Termination of Trackage Rights-in Las Animas County, CO  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board [Docket No. AB 1069X] Kern Valley Railroad Company--Termination of Trackage Rights--in Las Animas County, CO On September 10, 2010, Kern Valley Railroad Company (KVR) filed with the Board a...

2010-09-30

376

75 FR 41276 - US Rail Partners, Ltd. and Blackwell Northern Gateway Railroad Company-Continuance in Control...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board [Docket No. FD 35384] US Rail Partners, Ltd. and Blackwell Northern Gateway Railroad...in Control Exemption--Eastern Berks Gateway Railroad Company US Rail Partners, Ltd. (USRP), a noncarrier holding...

2010-07-15

377

75 FR 62445 - Otter Tail Valley Railroad Company, Inc.-Abandonment Exemption-in Otter Tail County, MN  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board [Docket No. AB 330 (Sub-No. 4X)] Otter Tail Valley Railroad Company, Inc.-Abandonment Exemption-- in Otter Tail County, MN Otter Tail Valley Railroad Company, Inc. (OTVR) filed a verified notice...

2010-10-08

378

49 CFR 234.307 - Use of third-party telephone service by dispatching and maintaining railroads.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...pursuant to § 234.303(b) to use an answering machine. The dispatching railroad shall ensure that the...directly and promptly, or using an answering machine. If using an answering machine pursuant to this paragraph, the railroad...

2012-10-01

379

78 FR 40266 - Wisconsin Central Ltd.-Amended Trackage Rights Exemption-Grand Trunk Western Railroad Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Amended Trackage Rights Exemption--Grand Trunk Western Railroad Company Grand Trunk Western Railroad Company (GTW) has agreed to...Ltd.--Trackage Rights Exemption--Grand Trunk W. R.R., FD 35280 (STB served Aug....

2013-07-03

380

Feasibility of a Program Utilizing Railroad Cars to Bring Economic, Health, Education and Social Services to Rural and Neglected Populations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Reconfigured railroad trains are suggested as the means by which a host of health, economic, social and educational services can be delivered to rural and neglected populations in this country. The advantage in using reconfigured railroad trains stems fro...

R. C. Peterson

1970-01-01

381

49 CFR 1572.203 - Transportation of explosives from Canada to the United States via railroad carrier.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Transportation of explosives from Canada to the United States via railroad carrier...Transportation of Hazardous Materials From Canada or Mexico To and Within the United States...203 Transportation of explosives from Canada to the United States via railroad...

2010-10-01

382

49 CFR 1572.203 - Transportation of explosives from Canada to the United States via railroad carrier.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Transportation of explosives from Canada to the United States via railroad carrier...Transportation of Hazardous Materials From Canada or Mexico To and Within the United States...203 Transportation of explosives from Canada to the United States via railroad...

2009-10-01

383

20 CFR 364.3 - Publication of missing children information in the Railroad Retirement Board's in-house...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Publication of missing children information in the Railroad Retirement...ASSIST IN THE LOCATION AND RECOVERY OF MISSING CHILDREN § 364.3 Publication of missing children information in the Railroad...

2010-04-01

384

20 CFR 364.3 - Publication of missing children information in the Railroad Retirement Board's in-house...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Publication of missing children information in the Railroad Retirement...ASSIST IN THE LOCATION AND RECOVERY OF MISSING CHILDREN § 364.3 Publication of missing children information in the Railroad...

2009-04-01

385

Spectral anomaly over Railroad Valley oil field, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

Oil was first discovered in Railroad Valley, south-central Nevada in 1954. Since that time, over 195 wells have been drilled and six oil fields have been found: Bacon Flat, Currant, Trap Spring, Eagle Springs, Grant Canyon and Kate Spring. Two wells in the Grant Canyon field had flows between 2,480 and 4,108 bbl/day in 1987 and may be the most prolific wells onshore in the continental US. Production in the Railroad Valley fields is from Oligocene volcanic and sedimentary rocks and Paleozoic carbonate formations. Traps are structural or structural and stratigraphic, and reservoir seals are indurated or clayey valley fill, weathered tuff, and shales in Tertiary sediments. Reservoir temperatures range between 95 and 309{degree}F. Previous workers have identified a statistically significant positive correlation between hydrocarbon microseepage and vegetation anomalies over the Railroad Valley oil fields with Landsat Multispectral Scanner (MSS) imagery. Several flight lines of high spectral and spatial resolution imagery in the visible, near infrared, shortwave infrared, and thermal infrared regions of the spectrum were flown with Geoscan's MkII Airborne Multispectral Scanner to determine if there was a mineralogical signature associated with the oil fields. The 24-channel scanner collected 8-m resolution picture elements over a swath of about 8 km. Image processing strategies were developed from a knowledge of the spectral curves of minerals in the laboratory. The results from processing Geoscans MkII data were also compared with those obtained from processing Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery over the same area. An 8 {times} 6 km carbonate and iron anomaly was detected on the processed MkII imagery over the Trap Spring oil field. This anomaly may be related to hot spring activity, reported by other workers, that has formed extensive calcite deposits along faults.

Feldman, S.C. (Bechtel Corp., San Francisco, CA (USA)); Honey, F.R. (Geoscan Pty Ltd., Perth (Australia)); Ballew, G.I. (Geodata Images, Carson City, NV (USA))

1990-05-01

386

Status of railroad regulations and their implications for rates  

SciTech Connect

This speech cites effective, reasonably priced freight transportation systems-railroads, water transportation, and future pipeline systems-- as the key to the future for America's coal industry. The full use of America's coal in both the domestic and world markets, combined with modern and efficient mining and transport technologies is discussed as being possible especially if the delivered price of coal remains reasonable and competitive. That the American coal industry and freight transportation systems are prepared to accomodate an expected 85 percent growth in annual coal production to meet new demand in the 1990's is addressed.

Lema, J.E.

1982-12-01

387

Centralized Traffic Control and Train Control of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the facilities provided for centralized traffic control and gives detailed information with respect to two installations on the B. & O. Railroad. The operation of an intermittent inductive auto-manual train stop system on the B. & O. Railroad is also discussed.

J. H. Davis; G. H. Dryden

1933-01-01

388

Modeling and optimal design of composite-reinforced wood railroad crosstie  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to in-service damage resulting in splitting and excessive wearing, over 12 million wood railroad crossties (sleepers) are replaced annually on Class 1 railroads in the United States at an approximate cost of $500 million. Therefore, a need exists to develop innovative means for improving the performance and service-life of wood ties. In this paper, the development and prototype evaluation

Pizhong Qiao; Julio F. Davalos; Michael G. Zipfel

1998-01-01

389

Railroad Competition and its Management in the United States and Britain before 1õ14  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper offers a brief excursion into the comparative history of competition in the railroad industries of the United States and Britain. It starts from the observation that when faced with the unprecedented dynamics and costs of duopolistic and oligopolistic competition, railroad leaders in both countries searched for stability. The response in America appears to have moved from informal cooperation

Geoffrey Channon

390

Predicting routes of radioactive wastes moved on the U. S. railroad system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relative to the use of public roads, railroads offer several advantages for the movement of radioactive wastes. These include the ability to accommodate large, heavy containers, the ability to transfer large volumes in a single movement, and the safety of a dedicated, centrally controlled right-of-way. The principal disadvantage of railroads is that the shipper has considerably less freedom to specify

E. L. Hillsman; P. E. Johnson; B. E. Peterson

1980-01-01

391

78 FR 40823 - Notice of Railroad-Shipper Transportation Advisory Council Vacancy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...regulation of railroad rates and service (49 U.S.C. 10701-10747, 11101-11124), as well as the construction, acquisition, operation, and abandonment of rail lines (49 U.S.C. 10901-10907) and railroad line sales,...

2013-07-08

392

Railroad management planning. (Latest citations from the NTIS database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning railroad management techniques and their impact on operations. Topics include freight statistics, impacts on communities, and yard operations. Forecasts of future trends and government policies regarding railroad operations are also discussed. (Contains a minimum of 76 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-01-01

393

The Importance of the Free African Americans Role in the Delaware Underground Railroad  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the Antebellum period, the Underground Railroad operated from the Deep South to Canada as a method for fugitive slaves to escape from bondage. Delaware was the last slaveholding state that these brave men and women had to cross through before they reached freedom. History is often skewed when researching the Underground Railroad. It emphasizes the white Americans who allowed

Maegan Proctor

394

Flight to Freedom: One Family and the Story of the Underground Railroad.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers historical information on the underground railroad, a secret organization that attempted to move slaves from bondage to freedom. Focuses on William Still, one of the most effective organizers of the underground railroad, and the story of his family. Addresses the reunion between Still and his brother Peter. (CMK)

Horton, James Oliver

2001-01-01

395

The role of indemnification agreements and legal liability in railroad disasters : A financial market perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The study aims to examine the stock price performance of publicly owned railroad companies following severe railroad accidents that resulted in the loss of human lives and\\/or hazardous material spills. The focus is on legal liability considerations as one of the primary factors that drives a firm's abnormal performance following a given accident. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This paper employs

Thomas J. Walker; Dolruedee Thiengtham; Onem Ozocak; Sergey S. Barabanov

2007-01-01

396

76 FR 55471 - Pittsburgh & West Virginia Railroad-Abandonment Exemption-in Allegheny County, PA; Wheeling...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...County, PA; Wheeling & Lake Erie Railway Company-- Discontinuance...Railroad (PWV) and Wheeling & Lake Erie Railway Company (WLE) (collectively...approximately 1.82 miles of railroad (the West End Branch) between milepost...in Allegheny County, Pa. The line traverses United...

2011-09-07

397

A COMPARISON OF RAILROAD AXLE STRESS RESULTS USING DIFFERENT DESIGN SIZES, LOADING CRITERIA AND ANALYSIS METHODS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although railroad axles do not often fail in North American freight service, they remain a critical component. This paper presents the results of stress analysis calculations that were performed for various different North American freight railroad axle designs. Loading criteria appropriate for the various axle designs were used, and different methods of axle stress analysis are compared and contrasted. Results

Steven L. Dedmon; James M. Pilch; Cameron P. Lonsdale

398

An examination of the economic efficiency of class I railroads: A profit function analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses a system of translog profit and input demand equations to analyze price and technical efficiency in Class I railroads for the period 1978–1983. The results indicate that railroads are neither profit maximizers nor cost minimizers, that capital expenditures increase technical efficiency, and that deregulation led to greater economic efficiency. The average length of haul is negatively related

Stanley R. Stansell; Daniel R. Hollas

1988-01-01

399

26 CFR 1.401(l)-4 - Special rules for railroad plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Special rules for railroad plans. 1.401(l)-4 Section 1.401(l)-4 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE...Profit-Sharing, Stock Bonus Plans, Etc. § 1.401(l)-4 Special rules for railroad plans. (a)...

2013-04-01

400

76 FR 67774 - Actuarial Advisory Committee With Respect to the Railroad Retirement Account; Notice of Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD Actuarial Advisory Committee With Respect to the...accordance with Public Law 92-463 that the Actuarial Advisory Committee will hold a meeting...Illinois, on the conduct of the 25th Actuarial Valuation of the Railroad...

2011-11-02

401

26 CFR 1.45G-1 - Railroad track maintenance credit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the United States on December 31, 2006. K is a corporation that sells ties, ballast...and Class III railroads. During 2006, K sold these items to J and J incurred QRTME...45G 150 miles of eligible railroad track to K and K paid J $800,000 for that...

2013-04-01

402

49 CFR 216.11 - Special notice for repairs-railroad freight car.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Special notice for repairs-railroad freight car. 216.11 Section 216.11 Transportation...Special notice for repairsârailroad freight car. (a) When an FRA Motive Power and...Inspector determines that a railroad freight car is not in conformity with the...

2011-10-01

403

49 CFR 216.11 - Special notice for repairs-railroad freight car.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Special notice for repairs-railroad freight car. 216.11 Section 216.11 Transportation...Special notice for repairsârailroad freight car. (a) When an FRA Motive Power and...Inspector determines that a railroad freight car is not in conformity with the...

2012-10-01

404

Inter-institutional collaboration and the composition of cartographic texts: Mapping the Underground Railroad Bicycle Route  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation, Inter-institutional Collaboration and the Composition of Cartographic Texts: Mapping the Underground Railroad, extends scholarship in both written and visual rhetoric as it examines the collaboration between the Adventure Cycling Association of Missoula, Montana, and the Center for Minority Health at the University of Pittsburgh that produced the Underground Railroad Bicycle Route, a 2100 mile route from Mobile, Alabama

Joy Santee

2010-01-01

405

Accounting for the ravages of war: Corporate reporting at a troubled American railroad during the Civil War  

Microsoft Academic Search

From 1861 to 1865, the Louisville and Nashville Railroad suffered cruelly from Civil War actions along its entire length. The railroad’s annual reports from this era left a chronicle of the destructive nature of war and its effect on the economic fortunes of the business. These reports show the resilience of the company for its ability to both plan for

Jan Richard Heier

2010-01-01

406

Railroad management planning. 1974-October, 1981 (citations from the NTIS data base). Report for 1974-Oct 81  

SciTech Connect

Studies are presented of railroad planning concerning operating costs, yard operations, intermodal systems, railway abandonment and consolidation, efficiency in operations and services, freight car utilization systems, forecasting future railroad freight and passenger market and the potential of energy conservation in railroad transportation. (This updated bibliography contains 281 citations, 79 of which are new entries to the previous edition.)

Not Available

1981-11-01

407

9 CFR 325.17 - Loading or unloading products in sealed railroad cars, trucks, etc., en route prohibited; exception.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...products in sealed railroad cars, trucks, etc., en route prohibited...Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE...products in sealed railroad cars, trucks, etc., en route prohibited...officially sealed railroad car, truck, or other means of...

2009-01-01

408

9 CFR 325.17 - Loading or unloading products in sealed railroad cars, trucks, etc., en route prohibited; exception.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...products in sealed railroad cars, trucks, etc., en route prohibited...Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE...products in sealed railroad cars, trucks, etc., en route prohibited...officially sealed railroad car, truck, or other means of...

2010-01-01

409

Santa Fe Indian Camp, House 21, Richmond, California: Persistence of Identity among Laguna Pueblo Railroad Laborers, 1945-1982.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1880 the Laguna people and the predecessor of the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad reached an agreement giving the railroad unhindered right-of-way through Laguna lands in exchange for Laguna employment "forever." Discusses the Laguna-railroad relationship through 1982, Laguna labor camps in California, and the persistence of Laguna…

Peters, Kurt

1995-01-01

410

78 FR 13932 - Yellowstone Valley Railroad, L.L.C.-Discontinuance of Lease and Trackage Rights Operations...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. AB 991 (Sub-No. 1X)] Yellowstone Valley Railroad, L.L.C.--Discontinuance...County, ND On February 11, 2013, Yellowstone Valley Railroad, L.L.C. (YVRR...According to YVRR, its name was formerly Yellowstone Valley Railroad, Inc. See Watco...

2013-03-01

411

9 CFR 71.5 - Unsanitary railroad cars, trucks, boats, aircraft or other means of conveyance; interstate...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Unsanitary railroad cars, trucks, boats, aircraft or other means...PROVISIONS § 71.5 Unsanitary railroad cars, trucks, boats, aircraft or other means...an APHIS representative that a railroad car, truck, boat, aircraft or...

2013-01-01

412

2. 'Tunnel No 6 West End, Front Elevation, Sectional Elevation ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. 'Tunnel No 6 West End, Front Elevation, Sectional Elevation on Centerline of Portal,' Southern Pacific Standard Single-Track Tunnel, 1910. Tunnel 6, which today would be Tunnel 20, was daylighted and no longer exists. Compare to photos in documentation sets for Tunnel 23 (HAER No. CA-198), Tunnel 24 (HAER No. CA-200), Tunnel 25 (HAER No. CA-201), Tunnel 27 (HAER No. CA-203), Tunnel 28 (HAER No. CA-204), and Tunnel 29 (HAER No. CA-205). - Central Pacific Transcontinental Railroad, Sacramento to Nevada state line, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

413

Trajectory Coordinate Constraints in Multibody Railroad Vehicle Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this investigation, the formulation of trajectory coordinate constraints in terms of the absolute coordinates is developed for the use in the computer simulations of railroad vehicle system applications. Examples of trajectory coordinate constraints are the specified forward velocity of a vehicle or a wheelset along a curved track or specified yaw angle of a vehicle or a wheelset with respect to a body trajectory coordinate system. The relationship between the trajectory coordinates and the absolute coordinates is defined and then used to write the trajectory constraints in terms of the absolute coordinates at the position, velocity, and acceleration levels. The motion of the trajectory coordinate system can be uniquely defined in the track body coordinate system using the arc-length coordinate defined along the space curve. It is demonstrated that the use of the trajectory coordinates leads to simple linear constraint equations, while the trajectory constraint equations become highly nonlinear functions of the absolute coordinates. This is mainly due to the nature of the nonlinear relationship between the absolute Cartesian and trajectory coordinates. A numerical example is presented in order to demonstrate the use of the proposed formulations in the analysis of multibody railroad vehicle systems.

Sugiyama, Hiroyuki; Shabana, Ahmed A.

414

Development of acoustic health monitoring for railroad tank cars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents the research and development of an Acoustic Health Monitoring (AHM) system that uses Guided Lamb Wave (GLW) technology to determine the thickness of railroad tank car shells for identification of wall loss due to corrosion. In recent regulatory changes, the emphasis has shifted from the traditional hydrotest to more modern methods for assuring tank car integrity. The new generation of maintenance programs will rely heavily on nondestructive testing, and will use damage tolerance concepts and risk analysis to establish inspection frequencies and items to inspect. It is the responsibility of the owners to set up experience-based maintenance programs that are suitable for the working conditions of their own particular fleets. Development of an ideal AHM system for railroad cars would be an instrument that incorporates Acoustic Emission (AE) and GLW technology. The combination of active and passive acoustic technologies integrated into a single system would be a highly efficient means of determining the structural integrity of tank cars. The integration of the GLW technology will allow identification of corrosion wall loss in a zone between two sensors, rather than at a single point (traditional ultrasonic thickness measurements). Thus, a much larger area of the structure can be inspected for approximately the same inspection cost. With a suitable integration of this new technology into the overall inspection and corrosion management program, the fleet can be more efficiently maintained and the risk of accidental release through progressive corrosion damage can be significantly reduced.

Gostautas, Richard; Finlayson, Richard; Godinez, Valery; Pollock, Adrian; Penya, Jose

2005-05-01

415

A population-based algorithm for the railroad blocking problem  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Railroad blocking problem (RBP) is one of the problems that need an important decision in freight railroads. The objective of solving this problem is to minimize the costs of delivering all commodities by deciding which inter-terminal blocks to build and by specifying the assignment of commodities to these blocks, while observing limits on the number and cumulative volume of the blocks assembled at each terminal. RBP is an NP-hard combinatorial optimization problem with billions of decision variables. To solve the real-life RBP, developing a metaheuristic algorithm is necessary. In this paper, for the first time, a new genetic algorithm-based solution method, which is a population-based algorithm, is proposed to solve the RBP. To evaluate the efficiency and the quality of solutions of the proposed algorithm, several simulated test problems are used. The quality and computational time of the generated solutions for the test problems with the proposed genetic algorithm are compared with the solutions of the CPLEX software. The results show high efficiency and effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.

Yaghini, Masoud; Seyedabadi, Masoud; Khoshraftar, Mohamad M.

2012-12-01

416

Teacher's Packet to the Golden Spike National Historic Site.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One reason the Mormons, who wanted to be left alone, migrated to the Utah territory was its isolation. But that changed in 1869, when the new transcontinental railroad came to Utah. The completion of the transcontinental railroad not only made it easier to transport people and goods across the country, it also put an end to the hard work of…

National Park Service (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC.

417

Demonstrating adequacy of railroad warnings: A case study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Frequently a jury is asked to evaluate a claim that a device provided adequate warning of a hazardous condition. Although there is extensive research on which basis an expert may evaluate such claim, the layman is unprepared to integrate such information into a decision. Previous attempts to produce courtroom demonstrations of warnings have been easily challenged by opposing experts. In a recent case involving a pedestrian accident on a railroad right-of-way we produced a jury demonstration that was accepted by the court, was not challenged effectively by opposing counsel, and communicated effectively with the jury. This paper describes a demonstration that incorporated binaural recording and presentation with a synchronized video orientation and simulation. We will present an excerpt of the demonstration.

Erdreich, John; Difrancesco, Victor

2005-09-01

418

Port wine landscape: railroads, phylloxera, and agricultural science.  

PubMed

It is easy to understand why regions that produce very fine goods such as port wine tend to conceal technological and scientific inputs and praise the uniqueness of the terroir. This paper suggests that, during the last decades of the nineteenth century, viticulture in the Douro region of Portugal was as much a product of soil, local farming traditions, and individual entrepreneurship as it was of modern state science and national politics for agricultural improvement. the unprecedented public projects of building a railroad and fighting phylloxera permanently changed the land of port wine. Moreover, those engineering practices of rationalization, simplification, and standardization that were inscribed on Douro's landscape proved essential for the Portuguese experience of modernization and nation-building. PMID:21563604

Macedo, Marta

2011-01-01

419

75 FR 61835 - Jackson & Lansing Railroad Company-Trackage Rights Exemption-Norfolk Southern Railway Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...to Jackson & Lansing Railroad Company (JAIL) over approximately 1.06 miles of NSR's...assigns its rights under the TRA to JAIL. \\2\\ A redacted, executed trackage rights agreement between NSR and JAIL and an executed Trackage Agreement,...

2010-10-06

420

75 FR 70076 - Tennessee Southern Railroad Company, Patriot Rail, LLC, Patriot Rail Holdings LLC, and Patriot...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...state border, milepost 40.0, and Valliant, Okla., milepost 0.0, including auxiliary, storage, and spur tracks, in McCurtain County, Okla.; and Docket No. FD 35431, Patriot Woods Railroad, LLC--Acquisition and Operation Exemption--...

2010-11-16

421

49 CFR 1241.11 - Annual reports of class I railroads.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...accordance with Railroad Annual Report Form R-1. Such annual report shall be filed in duplicate in the office of the Office of Economics, Environmental Analysis, and Administration, Surface Transportation Board, Washington, DC 20423, on or before...

2011-10-01

422

49 CFR 1241.11 - Annual reports of class I railroads.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...accordance with Railroad Annual Report Form R-1. Such annual report shall be filed in duplicate in the office of the Office of Economics, Environmental Analysis, and Administration, Surface Transportation Board, Washington, DC 20423, on or before...

2012-10-01

423

76 FR 74585 - Railroad Workplace Safety; Adjacent-Track On-Track Safety for Roadway Workers  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...publication. FRA is not authorized to impose a penalty on persons for violating information...214 Occupational safety and health, Penalties, Railroad safety. The Final Rule...Appendix A to Part 214--Schedule of Civil Penalties...

2011-11-30

424

U.S. Railroad Retirement Board Strategic Plan, 2009-2014.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Railroad Retirement Board (RRB) is an independent agency in the executive branch of the Federal Government. The RRB's primary function is to administer comprehensive retirement-survivor and unemployment-sickness benefit programs for the nation's railr...

2009-01-01

425

Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad: A Drama Workshop for Junior High and High School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Claims drama in the classroom offers teachers an opportunity to "bring to life" the challenges and triumphs of African Americans. Describes a drama workshop based on the story of Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad. (NH)

Tabone, Carmine; Albrecht, Robert

2000-01-01

426

TECHNICAL APPROACHES TO CHARACTERIZING AND CLEANING UP BROWNFIELDS SITES: RAILROAD YARDS  

EPA Science Inventory

This guidance document gives assistance to communities, decision-makers, states and municipalities, academia, and the private sector to address issues related to the redevelopment of Brownfields sites, specifically railroad yards. The document helps users to understand the proble...

427

VIEW OF COMPANY HOUSES ON 11TH STREET AT THE RAILROAD ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW OF COMPANY HOUSES ON 11TH STREET AT THE RAILROAD TRACKS. No. 401 to right (asbestos siding). House on left has retained the original clapboard siding. - Town of Windber, Windber, Somerset County, PA

428

Analysis of Spectrum Utilization and Message Length Statistics for the Railroad Land Mobile Radio Service.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In support of the Federal Railroad Administration of the United States Department of Transportation, the Institute for Telecommunication Sciences (ITS) has completed a field spectrum uitilization survey designed to examine individual channel utilization a...

M. Terada

1997-01-01

429

78 FR 50141 - Illinois Central Railroad Company-Trackage Rights Exemption-BNSF Railway Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Railroad Company--Trackage Rights Exemption-- BNSF Railway Company BNSF Railway Company (BNSF), pursuant to a written trackage...owned, indirect subsidiary of Canadian National Railway Company, over BNSF's Thayer South...

2013-08-16

430

Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad: A Drama Workshop for Junior High and High School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Claims drama in the classroom offers teachers an opportunity to "bring to life" the challenges and triumphs of African Americans. Describes a drama workshop based on the story of Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad. (NH)|

Tabone, Carmine; Albrecht, Robert

2000-01-01

431

HAER NY,55GRO,1 (sheet 3 of 3) AveryBartholomew Patent Railroad ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

HAER NY,55-GRO,1- (sheet 3 of 3) - Avery-Bartholomew Patent Railroad Iron Bridge, Town park south of Route 222, west of Owasco Inlet (moved from Elm Street Extension spanning Fall Creek, Nubia, NY), Groton, Tompkins County, NY

432

HAER NY,55GRO,1 (sheet 2 of 3) AveryBartholomew Patent Railroad ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

HAER NY,55-GRO,1- (sheet 2 of 3) - Avery-Bartholomew Patent Railroad Iron Bridge, Town park south of Route 222, west of Owasco Inlet (moved from Elm Street Extension spanning Fall Creek, Nubia, NY), Groton, Tompkins County, NY

433

HAER NY,55GRO,1 (sheet 1 of 3) AveryBartholomew Patent Railroad ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

HAER NY,55-GRO,1- (sheet 1 of 3) - Avery-Bartholomew Patent Railroad Iron Bridge, Town park south of Route 222, west of Owasco Inlet (moved from Elm Street Extension spanning Fall Creek, Nubia, NY), Groton, Tompkins County, NY

434

Study of RF Propagation Characteristics for Wireless Sensor Networks in Railroad Environments. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The freight railroad industry in North America is exerting efforts to leverage Wireless Sensor Networks to monitor systems and components on railcars. This allows fault detection and accident prevention even while a train is moving. Railcars, constructed ...

H. Sharif M. Hempel

2010-01-01

435

National Railroad Retirement Investment Trust. Annual Management Report for Fiscal Year 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Fiscal year 2008 (October 1, 2007 - September 30, 2008) was a year of extraordinary challenges for global financial markets and for the National Railroad Retirement Investment Trust (Trust). Like many pension funds, the Trust saw a significant decline in ...

2009-01-01

436

Supporting Railroad Roadway Worker Communications with a Wireless Handheld Computer. Volume 2: Impact on Dispatcher Performance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is the second in a series documenting the development and evaluation of a software application to facilitate communications for railroad roadway workers. The roadway worker can perform two types of communication related tasks with the applicat...

T. Masquelier T. Sheridan J. Multer

2004-01-01

437

The Railroad and Motor Carrier Freight Rate Complex of the United States and Its Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report explains the present need to modernize the freight rate structure, stressing that the present complex is a mixture of elements dating from the days of railroad monopoly and continuous individual adjustments which have created a chaotic conditio...

H. O. Whitten

1973-01-01

438

Magnetometer Sensor Feasibility for Railroad and Highway Equipment Detection. High-Speed Rail IDEA Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study investigated the feasibility of using Anisotropic Magneto-Resistive (AMR) magnetometers to detect train or vehicle presence and to determine train speed for the activation of grade crossing warning systems. Laboratory, parking lot, and railroad...

J. Brawner K. T. Mueller

2007-01-01

439

Brookland Site Development Study, Brookland, bounded by B&O Railroad Tracks, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Brookland Site Development Study, Brookland, bounded by B&O Railroad Tracks, Rhode Island & Brentwood Avenues on the south, 18th Street & South Dakota Avenue on the east, and Michigan Avenue on the North, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

440

49 CFR 242.103 - Approval of design of individual railroad programs by FRA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... QUALIFICATION AND CERTIFICATION OF CONDUCTORS Program and Eligibility Requirements...accept responsibility for the training of conductors and thereby obtain authority for that...railroad to initially certify a person as a conductor in an appropriate type of...

2012-10-01

441

77 FR 35466 - Pilot Project Grants in Support of Railroad Safety Risk Reduction Programs  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...railroad operating employees being distracted by the inappropriate use of electronic devices, such as mobile telephones and laptop computers. This subpart was codified in response to an increase in the number of accidents caused by misuse of personal...

2012-06-13

442

An approach for modeling long flexible bodies with application to railroad dynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considering track flexibility in railroad vehicle simulations can lead to improved results. In modeling a railroad vehicle\\u000a as a multibody system, track flexibility can be incorporated by using the floating frame of reference formulation (FFRF),\\u000a which describes rail deformations in terms of shape functions defined in the track body frame of reference. However, the FFRF\\u000a method is subject to two

Rosario Chamorro; José L. Escalona; Manuel González

443

15. View to the northwest along railroad tracks. AZ180 (Arizona ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

15. View to the northwest along railroad tracks. AZ-180 (Arizona and New Mexico Railroad Passenger Depot) at left. In the background can be seen, left to right, AZ-178 (Arizona Copper Company Office), AZ-177 (Arizona Copper Company Library Hall), AZ-179 (Park Avenue Bridge) and AZ-183 (La Casa Grande). - Clifton Townsite, Confluence of Chase Creek & San Francisco River, Clifton, Greenlee County, AZ

444

Design and manufacturing of a high-quality railroad crossing roundel lens  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new and improved railroad crossing roundel lens with 12 inch diameter, 0.21 inch thickness using polycarbonate was designed and manufactured. This design meets or exceeds all the recommendations by the Association of American Railroads. The combination of the new design, precision tooling fabrication, and computer-controlled processing technology has allowed this new design to out-perform the existing products on the market.

Fu, Jack; Ning, Xiaohui

1995-08-01

445

Should shortline railroads upgrade their systems to handle heavy axle load cars?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motivated by lower costs per ton-mile, US Class I railroads have been replacing 263,000-pound gross vehicle weight (GVW) covered hopper cars with 286,000-pound GVW cars. In many cases, shortline railroads would have to upgrade their tracks and bridges to handle the heavier cars. This paper used rate of return on investment analysis for a sample of US shortlines to determine

Michael W. Babcock; James Sanderson

2006-01-01

446

A new solution to inductive interference borrowed from electric railroad propulsion signal methodology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mitigation of a severe case of inductive interference by using railroad signaling equipment designed for electrified railroad territory is detailed. In 1983, Consolidated Rail Corporation (Conrail) agreed to permit Philadelphia Electric Company (PECo) to build and operate a 230-kV transmission line on a seven-mile section of main line in suburban Philadelphia. It soon became apparent that only 600 MVA

H. Gilcher; J. R. Kwasizur; I. Lipsitz

1991-01-01

447

Pacific Languages at the University of the South Pacific.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the use of Pacific languages in the teaching of the University of the South Pacific (USP). In introducing Pacific languages, the USP is responding to language planning in the various countries that operate the university. The challenge has been to integrate Pacific languages into university structures by creating both individual units…

Lynch, John; Mugler, France

2002-01-01

448

Pacific Languages at the University of the South Pacific.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the use of Pacific languages in the teaching of the University of the South Pacific (USP). In introducing Pacific languages, the USP is responding to language planning in the various countries that operate the university. The challenge has been to integrate Pacific languages into university structures by creating both individual units…

Lynch, John; Mugler, France

2002-01-01

449

Pacific Journal of Mathematics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The electronic issues of the Pacific Journal of Mathematics is available as of October, 2000. Articles on Stekloff eigenvalues, Cantor systems, and Bertini Theorems are among those featured. Articles may be viewed in .pdf, hyperdvi, dvi, or .ps format.

2005-11-02

450

Altitude illness in Qinghai–Tibet railroad passengers.  

PubMed

It takes ?24 h to travel the ?3000-km-long Qinghai–Tibet railroad of which 85% is situated above 4000 m with a pass at 5072 m. Each year about 2 million passengers are rapidly exposed to high altitude traveling on this train. The aim of this study was to quantify the occurrence of altitude illness on the train. Three subject groups were surveyed: 160 Han lowlanders, 62 Han immigrants living at 2200 to 2500 m, and 25 Tibetans living at 3700 to 4200 m. Passengers reached 4768 m from 2808 m in less than 1.5 h, after which 78% of the passengers reported symptoms, 24% reaching the Lake Louise criterion score for AMS. AMS incidence was 31% in nonacclimatized Han compared to 16% in Han altitude residents and 0% in Tibetans. Women and older subjects had a slightly greater risk for AMS. Most cases of AMS were mild and self-limiting, resolving within days upon arrival in Lhasa. Some cases of more severe AMS necessitated medical attention. To curb the health risk of rapid travel to altitude by train, prospective travelers should be better informed, medical train personnel should be well trained, and staged travel with 1 to 2 days at intermediate altitudes should be suggested to nonacclimatized subjects. PMID:20919885

Wu, Tian Yi; Ding, Shou Quan; Zhang, Sheng Lin; Duan, Jin Qing; Li, Bao Yu; Zhan, Zhong Yan; Wu, Qin Li; Baomu, Suolung; Liang, Bao Zhu; Han, Shu Rang; Jie, Yu Ling; Li, Gang; Sun, Lin; Kayser, Bengt

2010-01-01

451

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease mortality in railroad workers  

PubMed Central

Background There is little information describing the risk of non-malignant respiratory disease and occupational exposure to diesel exhaust. Methods US railroad workers have been exposed to diesel exhaust since diesel locomotives were introduced after World War II. In a retrospective cohort study we examined the association of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) mortality with years of work in diesel-exposed jobs. To examine the possible confounding effects of smoking, multiple imputation was used to model smoking history. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to estimate an incidence rate ratio, adjusted for age, calendar year, and length of follow-up after leaving work (to reduce bias due to a healthy worker survivor effect). Results Workers in jobs with diesel exhaust exposure had an increased risk of COPD mortality relative to those in unexposed jobs. Workers hired after the introduction of diesel locomotives had a 2.5% increase in COPD mortality risk for each additional year of work in a diesel-exposed job. This risk was only slightly attenuated after adjustment for imputed smoking history. Conclusions These results support an association between occupational exposure to diesel exhaust and COPD mortality.

Hart, J E; Laden, F; Eisen, E A; Smith, T J; Garshick, E

2009-01-01

452

Railroad bridge instrumentation with fiber-optic sensors.  

PubMed

Fiber-optic sensors were installed on fatigue-critical components in the superstructure of a railroad bridge to monitor dynamic strains induced by trains crossing the bridge as well as to detect the onset of cracks. Each fiber Fabry-Perot interferometer (FFPI) strain gage was adhesively bonded to a stainless-steel strip to facilitate all-weather installation on the steel bridge members by spot welding. FFPI strain sensors were also installed on a rail at an approach to the bridge. Electrical resistive strain gages were colocated with the fiber-optic sensors on the bridge for the purpose of performance verification. In addition to the strain gages, fiber-optic continuity sensors for crack detection were bonded to the structure at critical locations. A telemetry system for transmitting the data over telephone lines was also installed at the bridge site. Dynamic response of the fiber-optic strain sensors is comparable with that of the electrical gages, and their performance has not degraded in the year since the initial installation. PMID:18305719

Lee, W; Lee, J; Henderson, C; Taylor, H F; James, R; Lee, C E; Swenson, V; Atkins, R A; Gemeiner, W G

1999-03-01

453

Railroad Accident Report: National Railroad Passenger Corporation (AMTRAK) Head-End Collision of Train No. 111 and Plasser Track Machine Equipment, Edison, New Jersey, April 20, 1979.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

About 12:03 p.m., e.s.t., on April 20, 1979, National Railroad Passenger Corporation (Amtrak) passenger train No. 111 collided head-on with an Amtrak Plasser track machine at Edison, New Jersey. The track machine was destroyed, and the locomotive was heav...

1979-01-01

454

Railroad Accident Report - Vinyl Chloride Monomer Release from a Railroad Tank Car and Fire Formosa Plastics Corporation Plant, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, July 30, 1983.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

At 3:45 a.m., on July 30, 1983, vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) under pressure escaped from a railroad tank car at the loading facility within the Formosa Plastics Corporation chemical manufacturing plant at Baton Rouge, Louisiana. The released VCM was ignit...

1985-01-01

455

Railroad Accident Report - Rear End Collision of Seaboard System Railroad Freight Trains Extra 8051 North and Extra 1751 North, Sullivan, Indiana, September 14, 1983.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

At 5:32 a.m., c.d.t., on September 14, 1983, Seaboard System Railroad train Extra 1751 North moved onto the main track from the north end of the siding at Sullivan, Indiana, and proceeded northward. About 5:37 a.m., after Extra 1751 North had attained a s...

1984-01-01

456

Railroad Accident Report: Head-on Collision Between Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company Train No. 88 and the Brunswick Helper Near Germantown, Maryland, February 9, 1981.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

At 9:56 a.m. on February 9, 1981, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company's Brunswick Helper 7603-7545 and eastbound train No. 88 collided head-on while being operated in opposing directions on the No. 2 eastward main track. The trains collided in a 1 degree 40...

1981-01-01

457

Simulation and control system of a power harvesting device for railroad track health monitoring  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the vastness of existing railroad infrastructure, there exist numerous road crossings which are lacking warning light systems and/or crossing gates due to their remoteness from existing electrical infrastructure. Along with lacking warning light systems, these areas also tend to lack distributed sensor networks used for railroad track health monitoring applications. With the power consumption required by these systems being minimal, extending electrical infrastructure into these areas would not be an economical use of resources. This motivated the development of an energy harvesting solution for remote railroad deployment. This paper describes a computer simulation created to validate experimental on-track results for different mechanical prototypes designed for harvesting mechanical power from passing railcar traffic. Using the Winkler model for beam deflection as its basis, the simulation determines the maximum power potential for each type of prototype for various railcar loads and speeds. Along with calculating the maximum power potential of a single device, the simulation also calculates the optimal number and position of the devices needed to power a standard railroad crossing light signal. A control system was also designed to regulate power to a battery, monitor and record power production, and make adjustments to the duty cycle of the crossing lights accordingly. On-track test results are compared and contrasted with results from the simulation, discrepancies between the two are examined and explained, and conclusions are drawn regarding suitability of the device for powering high-efficiency LED lights at railroad crossings and powering track-health sensor networks.

Phillips, Kyle J.; Nelson, Carl A.; Fateh, Mahmood

2011-03-01

458

Chromosomal aberrations in railroad transit workers: effect of genetic polymorphisms.  

PubMed

Complex chemical mixtures are transported by train from Russia to Finland for further shipment. Here, we studied if exposure to genotoxic components among these substances could affect chromosomal aberrations (CAs) in peripheral lymphocytes of workers handling the tank cars. An initial survey among 48 railroad workers and 39 referents (male smokers and nonsmokers) showed an elevation of CAs. A campaign was started to reduce exposures through preventive measures. Five years later, 51 tank car workers and 40 age-matched referents (all nonsmoking men) were studied for CAs and genetic polymorphisms of xenobiotic metabolism (EPHX1, GSTM1, GSTP1, GSTT1, NAT1, NAT2), DNA repair (ERCC2, ERCC5, XPA, XPC, XRCC1, XRCC3), and folate metabolism (MTHFR, MTR). No increase in CAs was seen in the exposed group, suggesting that the preventive measures had been successful. However, a positive association existed between exposure duration and CA level among the exposed subjects. The level of chromosome-type breaks was actually lower in the exposed workers than the referents, particularly among MTHFR wild-type homozygotes or XRCC3 codon 241 variant allele carriers, suggesting modulation of CA frequency by folate metabolism and DNA repair. An interaction was observed between the occupational exposure and MTHFR, EPHX1, and MTR genotypes in determining CA level. The NAT2, ERCC2 exon 10, and XRCC1 codon 194 polymorphisms also affected CA frequency. Our findings suggest that handling of tank cars containing complex chemical mixtures poses a genotoxic risk, which may be reduced by preventive measures. Several genetic polymorphisms seem to modify the genotoxic effect or baseline CA level. PMID:19177501

Catalán, Julia; Heilimo, Iiris; Falck, Ghita C-M; Järventaus, Hilkka; Rosenström, Päivi; Nykyri, Erkki; Kallas-Tarpila, Tarja; Pitkämäki, Leena; Hirvonen, Ari; Norppa, Hannu

2009-05-01

459

42 CFR 406.11 - Individual age 65 or over who is not eligible as a social security or railroad retirement...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...on the basis of government employment. 406...railroad retirement benefits beneficiary, or on the basis of government employment. ...railroad retirement benefits. (b) Requirements...been convicted of spying, sabotage,...

2009-10-01

460

42 CFR 406.11 - Individual age 65 or over who is not eligible as a social security or railroad retirement...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...on the basis of government employment. 406...railroad retirement benefits beneficiary, or on the basis of government employment. ...railroad retirement benefits. (b) Requirements...been convicted of spying, sabotage,...

2010-10-01

461

Impact of Participatory Safety Rules Revision on Incident Rates, Liability Claims, and Safety Culture in the U.S. Railroad Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Federal Railroad Administration Human Factors Research and Development Program sponsored a lessons learned study to examine the impact of safety rules revision on safety culture, incident rates, and liability claims in the railroad industry. Safety ru...

J. Ranney C. Nelson

2007-01-01

462

Any Way to Run a Railroad: Implications of Dedicated Trains  

SciTech Connect

The DOE recently issued a policy statement that it would use dedicated trains for most waste shipments to Yucca Mountain. Prior uncertainty about use of dedicated trains for Yucca Mountain rail shipments prevented an assessment of the likely impacts. This paper examines the controversy over the use of dedicated trains and evaluates the national impacts of shipping waste to Yucca Mountain using dedicated trains on the Union Pacific's preferred rail system. The national impacts of the routing are reported as route miles through three land use types: Rural, Urban and Census Places. (authors)

Dilger, F.C. [Black Mountain Research, Henderson, NV 81012 (United States); Halstead, R. J. [State of Nevada Agency for Nuclear Projects, Carson City, NV 89706 (United States)

2006-07-01

463

76 FR 42163 - East Penn Railroad, L.L.C.; Lease and Operation Exemption; Norfolk Southern Railway Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. FD 35533] East Penn Railroad, L.L.C...and does so here. East Penn Railroad, L.L.C...of rail line in York, Penn.\\1\\ Pursuant to the...ii). \\2\\ ESPN states that it will also be leasing...public interest in this case. Jeffrey Herzig,...

2011-07-18

464

Parallel Tracks, Same Terminus: The Role of Nineteenth-Century Newspapers and Railroads in the Settlement of Nebraska  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nebraskans of the early twenty-first century have had few encounters with railroads. Passenger trains are nearly extinct, and freights run over only a few main lines. But without the railroads that began to crisscross Nebraska in the 1860s, it may have taken years for significant settlement to reach throughout the territory that became a state in…

Berens, Charlyne; Mitchell, Nancy

2009-01-01

465

78 FR 57680 - Bessemer and Lake Erie Railroad Company-Abandonment Exemption-in Allegheny County, PA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Sub-No. 13X)] Bessemer and Lake Erie Railroad Company--Abandonment...County, PA Bessemer and Lake Erie Railroad Company (B & LE...and milepost 1.10 (at the western edge of Pillow Ave...Harwick, Allegheny County, Pa. The line traverses United...

2013-09-19

466

Emissions of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) from creosoted railroad ties and their relevance for life cycle assessment (LCA)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the analysis of cross sections of railroad ties, which were in use for up to 46 years, inventory, emission factors and total yearly emissions of creosote, PAH and phenols from the Swiss railway network were determined. During the service time of a railroad tie of 20 to 30 years, roughly 5 kg creosote are emitted. PAH emissions are

M. Kohler; T. Künniger

2003-01-01

467

Parallel Tracks, Same Terminus: The Role of Nineteenth-Century Newspapers and Railroads in the Settlement of Nebraska  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Nebraskans of the early twenty-first century have had few encounters with railroads. Passenger trains are nearly extinct, and freights run over only a few main lines. But without the railroads that began to crisscross Nebraska in the 1860s, it may have taken years for significant settlement to reach throughout the territory that became a state in…

Berens, Charlyne; Mitchell, Nancy

2009-01-01

468

76 FR 71125 - Caddo Valley Railroad Company-Abandonment Exemption-in Clark, Pike, and Montgomery Counties, AR  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. AB 1076X] Caddo Valley Railroad Company--Abandonment Exemption--in Clark, Pike, and Montgomery Counties, AR Caddo Valley Railroad Company (CVRR) has filed a verified notice of exemption under 49 CFR part 1152 subpart F--Exempt...

2011-11-16

469

Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) Report for Iowa: Two Railroad Repair Workers Asphyxiated in Damaged Tank Car.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During the summer of 2001, two experienced railroad foremen, ages 49 and 46, died after entering a railroad tank car that had been involved in a derailment at another location. Both victims worked for a company that specialized in refurbishing and repairi...

2003-01-01

470

Eastern Pacific Ocean Conference  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The promotion of interaction among investigators of all oceanographic disciplines studying the eastern Pacific Ocean was the goal of the 1990 Eastern Pacific Ocean Conference (EPOC), held October 17-19 on the snow-covered slopes of Mt. Hood, Oreg. Thirty oceanographers representing all disciplines attended.Dick Barber, Duke University Marine Lab, Beaufort, N.C., chaired a session on the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean, emphasizing issues related to biological activity. Steve Ramp of the Naval Postgraduate School in Montery, Calif., chaired a session on recent results from northern and central California experiments. On October 19, following an early morning earthquake, a business meeting and discussions regarding a collaboration in future experiments were held.

471

Mapping The Pacific Coast  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maps of the Pacific Coast from the earliest period of European exploration continue to interest cartographers, geographers, and antiquarians. The maps in the Quivira Collection date from 1540 to 1802 and include early depictions of California as an island, Russian cartographic interpretations of the Pacific Coast, and overland maps across the continent westward to the ocean. All told, this online collection includes forty-five maps, books, and illustrations organized into six thematic galleries. Visitors can start by listening to an audio introduction, and then look around through the thematic galleries, which include such intriguing headings as " In the Wake of Captain James Cook" and "Secret Russian Explorations in the Pacific". Of course, visitors must click their way into the "California as an Island" section, if not just for a taste of six examples of what is perhaps one of the best-known cartographic mistakes in the world.

472

Pacific Pediatric Advanced Care Initiative.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Pacific Pediatric Advanced Care Initiative establishes an advanced care Center with ECLS support in Hawaii to support the Pacific Rim. The Center will advance the science of Pediatric Advanced Care through new basic science and simulation research, wh...

L. Burgess

2010-01-01

473

Pacific Pediatric Advanced Care Initiative.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Pacific Pediatric Advanced Care Initiative establishes an advanced care Center with ECLS support in Hawaii to support the Pacific Rim. The Center will advance the science of Pediatric Advanced Care through new basic science and simulation research, wh...

L. Burgess

2009-01-01

474

20 CFR 404.1405 - If you have been considered a non-vested worker, what are the situations when your railroad...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...worker, what are the situations when your railroad industry work will not be covered under...Disability Insurance Program With the Railroad Retirement Program § 404.1405 ...worker, what are the situations when your railroad industry work will not be covered...

2010-04-01

475

Separate and unsanitary: African American women railroad car cleaners and the Women's Service Section, 1918-1920.  

PubMed

The Women's Service Section (WSS) investigated federally controlled railroad stations and yards at the end of World War I. Few women worked in car cleaning before the war, and railroad management preferred to block women workers, especially African Americans, from gaining any kind of foothold in railroad work. African American women were the single largest group of railroad car cleaners during this period but they were routinely denied adequate facilities, including toilets, locker rooms, and dining facilities throughout the railroad system. By raising the issues of facilities, workers' rights, and public health, these women shaped federal policy and widened the agenda of the WSS to include a direct attack on segregated workplaces. This article argues that African American women car cleaners launched an industrial campaign that wove together concerns about racism, sexism, and health issues, and successfully removed barriers to women working in a predominately male industry. PMID:21966707

Muhammad, Robin Dearmon

2011-01-01

476

Hazardous materials emergencies in railyards: Preparedness guidance for railroads and adjacent communities  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes guidance being developed to improve the emergency preparedness of railroad yards that handle shipments of hazardous materials and the communities adjacent to those yards. As compared to the volume of hazardous materials that pass through railyards, comparatively few accidents have occurred. However, several of those accidents have had severe consequences, and there is potential for truly catastrophic consequences. Thus, the National Transportation Safety Board has recommended that emergency preparedness guidance be developed for operators of railroad yards and the communities adjacent to those yards. The Federal Emergency Management Agency is developing that guidance with the assistance of staff of Argonne National Laboratory. 14 refs., 2 tabs.

Mintz, M.; Bertram, K.; Saricks, C.; Rowland, R.

1991-01-01

477

Fiji in the South Pacific.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This text introduces Fiji and other island nations located in the Pacific, the world's largest ocean. Cut off from the world by vast expanses of water, these people developed a unique culture. Contents include: Teacher Overview, Geography of the South Pacific Islands, History of the South Pacific, Fiji, Traditional Village Life, Yaquna Ceremony,…

Scott, Rosalind; Semaan, Leslie

478

77 FR 26604 - Progressive Rail, Incorporated-Lease and Operation Exemption-Rail Line of Union Pacific Railroad...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and bridges, and to construct a number of new sidings and yard tracks to enable staging of railcars for loading and to achieve efficiencies in railcar switching,'' to the benefit of the shipping public. PGR also states that (1)...

2012-05-04

479

75 FR 56160 - BNSF Railway Company and Union Pacific Railroad Company-Joint Relocation Project Exemption-in...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...involves abandoning the Sun Valley Segment and relocating...remove the tracks on the Sun Valley Segment and UP...The new UP line will be located between UP milepost 56...The new west wye will be located between new milepost BNSF...existing west wye and the Sun Valley Segment will...

2010-09-15

480

Superfund Record of Decision Amendment (EPA Region 10): Union Pacific Railroad Sludge Pit Site, Pocatello, ID., September 29, 1994.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The decision document presents the modifications to the remedial action for treating contaminated sludge, soil and ground water at the UPRR Sludge Pit site in Pocatello, Idaho. The primary purpose of this amendment to the Record of Decision (Amended ROD) ...

1995-01-01

481

76 FR 64425 - Union Pacific Railroad Company-Abandonment Exemption-in Pottawattamie County, IA; Iowa Interstate...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...rights, UP will sell the UP lines to a shipper, Red Giant Oil Company (Red Giant), subject to a permanent access easement over the...Midwest Walnut Company of Iowa (Midwest Walnut). Red Giant and Midwest Walnut are the only shippers on the...

2011-10-18

482

76 FR 16474 - Union Pacific Railroad Company-Abandonment Exemption-in Riverside and San Bernardino Counties, CA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...site at http://www.stb.dot.gov. Decided: March 16, 2011. By the Board, Rachel D. Campbell, Director, Office of Proceedings. Jeffrey Herzig, Clearance Clerk. [FR Doc. 2011-6649 Filed 3-22-11; 8:45 am] BILLING...

2011-03-23

483

Protandry in Pacific salmon  

Microsoft Academic Search

Protandry, the earlier arrival of males to the spawning grounds than females, has been reported in several studies of Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.). However, the reasons for protandry in salmon are poorly understood and little is known about how protandry varies among and within populations. In this study, protandry was quantified in a total of 105 years using gender-specific timing

Yolanda Morbey

2000-01-01

484

The Pacific is Viable  

Microsoft Academic Search

ll is quiet in the Pacific. The past year has seen no coups or new insurrections. Nauru voted out those who led it from riches to rags and now struggles to save something from the wreckage. But for the 30th successive year, there has been no growth. With aid running at more than $1.5 billion a year to soften the

Helen Hughes

485

Plastic in the Pacific  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Imagine every person on earth had 100 pounds of plastic. That's how much new plastic will be manufactured this year. In this video from QUEST produced by KQED, learn how much of that will end up in the ocean in a massive area dubbed the Pacific Garbage Patch.

Kqed

2012-08-08

486

Pacific basin energy  

SciTech Connect

Testimony is presented concerning pending legislation which provides for the assessment and development of the potential for renewable energy sources in the U.S. insular areas, including the trust territories. Options for self-sufficiency throughout the Pacific basin are considered in light of rapidly escalating fuel costs.

Not Available

1980-01-01

487

OCLC in Asia Pacific.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) and the changing Asia Pacific library scene under the broad headings of the three phases of technology innovation. Highlights include WorldCat and the OCLC shared cataloging system; resource sharing and interlibrary loan; enriching OCLC online catalog with Asian collections; and future outlooks.…

Chang, Min-min

1998-01-01

488

The Pacific Climate Workshops  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1984, a workshop was held on climate variability in the eastern North Pacific and western North America. From it has emerged an annual series of workshops held at the Asilomar Conference Center, Monterey Peninsula, Calif. The workshops have been largely sponsored by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The third workshop in the series was held March 25-28, 1986.

Mooers, Christopher N. K.; Peterson, D. H.; Cayan, Daniel R.

489

Development of Studies on Noise and Vibrations in Railroad Transportation and Their Results.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is a survey of studies on the adverse effect of noise and vibration in railroad cars. Further studies, started in 1948, used EEG and EKG to determine the function of analyzers, thresholds of acoustic sensitivity and vestibular chronaxy and effe...

A. M. Volkov

1968-01-01

490

28. RAILROAD, RR. BRIDGE MISSISSIPPI, CLAY CO. WAVERLY 1.5 mi. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

28. RAILROAD, RR. BRIDGE MISSISSIPPI, CLAY CO. WAVERLY 1.5 mi. S of MS. 50 Detail: Turn machinery. DWG S-3-325. Contr # 7236. upper right quarter of sheet: plan & longitudinal elevation of turn table.. July 1914. Credit: Columbus and Greenville RR, Columbus, Ms. Sarcone Photocopy, Columbus, Ms. Sep 1978. - Bridges of the Upper Tombigbee River Valley, Columbus, Lowndes County, MS

491

National Railroad Retirement Investment Trust. Annual Management Report for Fiscal Year 2007.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Fiscal year 2007 was a year of continued growth for the National Railroad Retirement Investment Trust (Trust). It was also a year of structural change in the investment operations of the Trust. During this year, the Trust completed the asset allocation re...

2007-01-01

492

Sandwich Model to Evaluate Railroad Asphalt Trackbed Performance Under Moving Loads  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today, asphalt trackbed is gaining more attention because it effectively strengthens railroad track support, helps waterproof underlying subgrade, and securely confines the subgrade layer. Traditional analytical track models are either quasi-static or based on a continuous support assumption, which does not consider nonuniform, discrete support due to varying tie and ballast service conditions. In this paper, a discretely supported track

Hai Huang; Shihui Shen; Erol Tutumluer

2009-01-01

493

Wheat Fields, Flour Mills, and Railroads: A Web of Interdependence. Teaching with Historic Places.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By 1860 much of the beauty of St. Anthony Falls in Minneapolis (Minnesota) had been destroyed, as mills on both sides of the river used the power of the falls to turn millions of bushels of wheat into flour. Steel rails linked bonanza farms hundreds of miles to the west to the mills. The mills, the farms, and the railroads depended on each other…

Koman, Rita G.

494

Penal Reform and Construction of the Western North Carolina Railroad 1875-1892  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|On March 13, 1879, the "Salisbury Carolina Watchman" noted that the longest and most difficult tunnel in the struggle to lay a railroad line across the Blue Ridge Mountains has been opened. Convicts from North Carolina's new penitentiary built this transportation system and solved the state's need for a cheap labor force as well as the prison's…

Carson, Homer S., III

2005-01-01

495

Density and Integration Effects on Class I U.S. Freight Railroads  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate some technological aspects of railroading relevant to the debate on open access by estimating a multiproduct cost function with both operational outputs and infrastructure maintenance outputs. We find strong cost complementarities among operational outputs, but not between operations and infrastructure. The latter result implies that at the levels of output that characterize freight rail operations in the U.S.

M. Ivaldi; G. J. Mc Cullough

2001-01-01

496

A mathematical modeling approach to improving locomotive utilization at a freight railroad  

Microsoft Academic Search

Moving freight by rail remains one of the major transportation modes in today's business world. Although railcars compare unfavorably with trucks and airplanes with respect to mobility, flexibility, and speed, the shipping costs are lower and the energy-efficiency is higher. In order to become more competitive in the logistics industry, railroads have taken a number of new initiatives to improve

Ching-Chung Kuo; Gillian M. Nicholls

2007-01-01

497

17. RAILROAD BRIDGE MISSISSIPPI, CLAY CO., WAVERLY 1.5 mi. S ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

17. RAILROAD BRIDGE MISSISSIPPI, CLAY CO., WAVERLY 1.5 mi. S of MS. 50 Aerial view, wide-angle, from S, of Columbus and Greenville RR bridge. David Kaminsky, Historic American Building Survey, photographer, Aug. 1978. - Bridges of the Upper Tombigbee River Valley, Columbus, Lowndes County, MS

498

16. RAILROAD BRIDGE MISSISSIPPI, CLAY CO., WAVERLY 1.5 mi. S ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16. RAILROAD BRIDGE MISSISSIPPI, CLAY CO., WAVERLY 1.5 mi. S of MS. 50 Aerial view from SE, of Columbus and Greenville RR. bridge. David Kaminsky, Historic American Building Survey, photographer, Aug. 1978. - Bridges of the Upper Tombigbee River Valley, Columbus, Lowndes County, MS

499

On-track testing of a power harvesting device for railroad track health monitoring  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A considerable proportion of railroad infrastructure exists in regions which are comparatively remote. With regard to the cost of extending electrical infrastructure into these areas, road crossings in these areas do not have warning light systems or crossing gates and are commonly marked with reflective signage. For railroad track health monitoring purposes, distributed sensor networks can be applicable in remote areas, but the same limitation regarding electrical infrastructure is the hindrance. This motivated the development of an energy harvesting solution for remote railroad deployment. This paper describes on-track experimental testing of a mechanical device for harvesting mechanical power from passing railcar traffic, in view of supplying electrical power to warning light systems at crossings and to remote networks of sensors. The device is mounted to and spans two rail ties and transforms the vertical rail displacement into electrical energy through mechanical amplification and rectification into a PMDC generator. A prototype was tested under loaded and unloaded railcar traffic at low speeds. Stress analysis and speed scaling analysis are presented, results of the on-track tests are compared and contrasted to previous laboratory testing, discrepancies between the two are explained, and conclusions are drawn regarding suitability of the device for illuminating high-efficiency LED lights at railroad crossings and powering track-health sensor networks.

Hansen, Sean E.; Pourghodrat, Abolfazl; Nelson, Carl A.; Fateh, Mahmood

2010-03-01

500

How could everyone have been so wrong? Forecasting the Great Depression with the railroads  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contemporary observers viewed the recession that began in the summer of 1929 as nothing extraordinary. Using a neglected data set of forecasts by railroad shippers, we find that business was surprised by the magnitude of the Great Depression. We show that simple time series methods would have produced much smaller forecast errors than those indicated by the surveys, thus indicating

Adam Klug; Eugene N. White

2005-01-01