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1

Food Packaging  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students learn how food packages are designed and made, including the three main functions. The packaging design and materials must keep food clean, protect or aid in the physical and chemical changes that can take place in food, and identify a food appealingly. Then, in the associated activity, students act as if they are packaging engineers by designing and creating their own food packages for particular food types.

2014-09-18

2

Seafood Packaging  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Technology Transfer Office at Stennis Space Center worked with a New Orleans seafood packaging company to develop a container to improve the shipping longevity of seafood, primarily frozen and fresh fish, while preserving the taste. A NASA engineer developed metalized heat resistant polybags with thermal foam liners using an enhanced version of the metalized mylar commonly known as 'space blanket material,' which was produced during the Apollo era.

1996-01-01

3

Packaged Food  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

After studies found that many elderly persons don't eat adequately because they can't afford to, they have limited mobility, or they just don't bother, Innovated Foods, Inc. and JSC developed shelf-stable foods processed and packaged for home preparation with minimum effort. Various food-processing techniques and delivery systems are under study and freeze dried foods originally used for space flight are being marketed. (See 77N76140)

1976-01-01

4

Molecular Package  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This package contains a number of Physlets that are based on a simple hard-disk molecular model. As shown in the examples on the CD, each disk can be set to have a unique size, mass, and color. In addition, each disk can act as a data source that delivers position and velocity information. Finally, the entire ensemble can act as a data source that delivers ensemble averages and histogram data to data listeners.

Wolfgang Christian

5

Reflective Packaging  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The aluminized polymer film used in spacecraft as a radiation barrier to protect both astronauts and delicate instruments has led to a number of spinoff applications. Among them are aluminized shipping bags, food cart covers and medical bags. Radiant Technologies purchases component materials and assembles a barrier made of layers of aluminized foil. The packaging reflects outside heat away from the product inside the container. The company is developing new aluminized lines, express mailers, large shipping bags, gel packs and insulated panels for the building industry.

1994-01-01

6

Packaging Your Training Materials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The types of packaging and packaging materials to use for training materials should be determined during the planning of the training programs, according to the packaging market. Five steps to follow in shopping for packaging are presented, along with a list of packaging manufacturers. (MF)

Espeland, Pamela

1977-01-01

7

Package Those Foods!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Student groups are challenged to create food packages for specific foods. They focus on three components in the design of their food packages; the packages must keep the food clean, protect or aid in the physical and chemical changes that can take place in the food, and present the food appealingly. They design their packaging to meet these requirements.

Engineering K-PhD Program,

8

MEMS Packaging Materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter discusses the differences between the heritage microcircuit packaging world and the still evolving MEMS packaging\\u000a arena. Materials used in the packaging of MEMs are reviewed and their respective applications. The packaging schemes for these\\u000a devices owe their infrastructure base to the body of knowledge surrounding semiconductors and microcircuits. MEMS devices\\u000a yield new complexities which drive new packaging solutions.

Ann Garrison Darrin; Robert Osiander

9

Packaging for Food Service  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Most of the key areas of concern in packaging the three principle food forms for the space station were covered. It can be generally concluded that there are no significant voids in packaging materials availability or in current packaging technology. However, it must also be concluded that the process by which packaging decisions are made for the space station feeding program will be very synergistic. Packaging selection will depend heavily on the preparation mechanics, the preferred presentation and the achievable disposal systems. It will be important that packaging be considered as an integral part of each decision as these systems are developed.

Stilwell, E. J.

1985-01-01

10

Comparative Packaging Study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation describes a comparative packaging study for use on long duration space missions. The topics include: 1) Purpose; 2) Deliverables; 3) Food Sample Selection; 4) Experimental Design Matrix; 5) Permeation Rate Comparison; and 6) Packaging Material Information.

Perchonok, Michele; Antonini, David

2008-01-01

11

CH Packaging Operations Manual  

SciTech Connect

This procedure provides instructions for assembling the CH Packaging Drum payload assembly, Standard Waste Box (SWB) assembly, Abnormal Operations and ICV and OCV Preshipment Leakage Rate Tests on the packaging seals, using a nondestructive Helium (He) Leak Test.

Washington TRU Solutions LLC

2005-06-13

12

Principles of package design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Subprogram packages are groups of related subroutines used to extend the available facilities in a programming system. The results of developing several such packages for various applications are presented, with a distinction made between external and internal design criteria— what properties packages should offer to their users and the guidelines designers should follow in order to provide them. An important

Bertrand Meyer

1982-01-01

13

Package Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

A package management system organizes and simplifies the installation and maintenance of software by standardizing and organizing the production and consumption of software collections. As a software developer, you can benefit from package managers in two ways: through a rich and stable development environment and through friction-free reuse. Promisingly, the structure that package managers bring both to the tools we

Diomidis Spinellis

2012-01-01

14

Trends in Food Packaging.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses developments in food packaging, processing, and preservation techniques in terms of packaging materials, technologies, consumer benefits, and current and potential food product applications. Covers implications due to consumer life-style changes, cost-effectiveness of packaging materials, and the ecological impact of…

Ott, Dana B.

1988-01-01

15

49 CFR 178.602 - Preparation of packagings and packages for testing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Preparation of packagings and packages for testing. 178...Non-bulk Packagings and Packages § 178.602 Preparation of packagings and packages for testing. (a...subchapter, each packaging and package must be closed in...

2014-10-01

16

49 CFR 178.602 - Preparation of packagings and packages for testing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Preparation of packagings and packages for testing. 178...Non-bulk Packagings and Packages § 178.602 Preparation of packagings and packages for testing. (a...subchapter, each packaging and package must be closed...

2010-10-01

17

49 CFR 178.602 - Preparation of packagings and packages for testing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Preparation of packagings and packages for testing. 178...Non-bulk Packagings and Packages § 178.602 Preparation of packagings and packages for testing. (a...subchapter, each packaging and package must be closed in...

2012-10-01

18

49 CFR 178.602 - Preparation of packagings and packages for testing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Preparation of packagings and packages for testing. 178...Non-bulk Packagings and Packages § 178.602 Preparation of packagings and packages for testing. (a...subchapter, each packaging and package must be closed in...

2011-10-01

19

49 CFR 178.602 - Preparation of packagings and packages for testing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Preparation of packagings and packages for testing. 178...Non-bulk Packagings and Packages § 178.602 Preparation of packagings and packages for testing. (a...subchapter, each packaging and package must be closed in...

2013-10-01

20

Extended precision software packages  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A description of three extended precision packages is presented along with three small conversion subroutines which can be used in conjunction with the extended precision packages. These extended packages represent software packages written in FORTRAN 4. They contain normalized or unnormalized floating point arithmetic with symmetric rounding and arbitrary mantissa lengths, and normalized floating point interval arithmetic with appropriate rounding. The purpose of an extended precision package is to enable the user to use and manipulate numbers with large decimal places as well as those with small decimal places where precision beyond double precision is required.

Phillips, E. J.

1972-01-01

21

Packaged die heater  

DOEpatents

A heater for heating packaged die for burn-in and heat testing is described. The heater may be a ceramic-type heater with a metal filament. The heater may be incorporated into the integrated circuit package as an additional ceramic layer of the package, or may be an external heater placed in contact with the package to heat the die. Many different types of integrated circuit packages may be accommodated. The method provides increased energy efficiency for heating the die while reducing temperature stresses on testing equipment. The method allows the use of multiple heaters to heat die to different temperatures. Faulty die may be heated to weaken die attach material to facilitate removal of the die. The heater filament or a separate temperature thermistor located in the package may be used to accurately measure die temperature.

Spielberger, Richard; Ohme, Bruce Walker; Jensen, Ronald J.

2011-06-21

22

The ZOOM minimization package  

SciTech Connect

A new object-oriented Minimization package is available for distribution in the same manner as CLHEP. This package, designed for use in HEP applications, has all the capabilities of Minuit, but is a re-write from scratch, adhering to modern C++ design principles. A primary goal of this package is extensibility in several directions, so that its capabilities can be kept fresh with as little maintenance effort as possible. This package is distinguished by the priority that was assigned to C++ design issues, and the focus on producing an extensible system that will resist becoming obsolete.

Fischler, Mark S.; Sachs, D.; /Fermilab

2004-11-01

23

Packaging Concerns/Techniques for Large Devices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews packaging challenges and options for electronic parts. The presentation includes information about non-hermetic packages, space challenges for packaging and complex package variations.

Sampson, Michael J.

2009-01-01

24

Concurrent packaging architecture design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Packaging constitutes one of the primary limits on the performance and partitioning of high density electronic systems. A concurrent design methodology for the design of physical packaging hierarchies is presented. Architecture, electrical performance, and energy management aspects of the system are included. The CAD system AUDIT implements this design methodology. The concurrent design capability has been illustrated using model systems

Lipeng Cao; J. Peter Krusius

1995-01-01

25

Developing Large CAI Packages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When developing large computer-assisted instructional (CAI) courseware packages, it is suggested that there be more attentive planning to the overall package design before actual lesson development is begun. This process has been simplified by modifying the systems approach used to develop single CAI lessons, followed by planning for the…

Reed, Mary Jac M.; Smith, Lynn H.

1983-01-01

26

NRF TRIGA packaging  

SciTech Connect

Training Reactor Isotopes, General Atomics (TRIGA{reg_sign}) Reactors are in use at four US Department of Energy (DOE) complex facilities and at least 23 university, commercial, or government facilities. The development of the Neutron Radiography Facility (NRF) TRIGA packaging system began in October 1993. The Hanford Site NRF is being shut down and requires an operationally user-friendly transportation and storage packaging system for removal of the TRIGA fuel elements. The NRF TRIGA packaging system is designed to remotely remove the fuel from the reactor and transport the fuel to interim storage (up to 50 years) on the Hanford Site. The packaging system consists of a cask and an overpack. The overpack is used only for transport and is not necessary for storage. Based upon the cask`s small size and light weight, small TRIGA reactors will find it versatile for numerous refueling and fuel storage needs. The NRF TRIGA packaging design also provides the basis for developing a certifiable and economical packaging system for other TRIGA reactor facilities. The small size of the NRF TRIGA cask also accommodates placing the cask into a larger certified packaging for offsite transport. The Westinghouse Hanford Company NRF TRIGA packaging, as described herein can serve other DOE sites for their onsite use, and the design can be adapted to serve university reactor facilities, handling a variety of fuel payloads.

Clements, M.D.

1995-11-01

27

MEMS packaging technologies & applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

MEMS packaging has become a major manufacturing issue for commercialization. This talk will give a short summary on several MEMS packaging technologies, including an integrated LPCVD nitride bonding process; localized eutectic, fusion and solder bonding processes; RTP (rapid thermal processing) bonding processes; nano-second laser welding process; ultrasonic sealing process; and localized CVD sealing process. The key development in low-temperature solder

Jiyoung Chang; Liwei Lin

2010-01-01

28

Market report. Packaging.  

PubMed

Medical Device Technology's second annual packaging study looks at the materials and methods used by its readers throughout Europe. Rises in the level of use of some materials and certain packaging requirements are indicated and subcontracting shows increased demand. PMID:10155386

1995-05-01

29

WASTE PACKAGE TRANSPORTER DESIGN  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Design Analysis is to develop preliminary design of the waste package transporter used for waste package (WP) transport and related functions in the subsurface repository. This analysis refines the conceptual design that was started in Phase I of the Viability Assessment. This analysis supports the development of a reliable emplacement concept and a retrieval concept for license application design. The scope of this analysis includes the following activities: (1) Assess features of the transporter design and evaluate alternative design solutions for mechanical components. (2) Develop mechanical equipment details for the transporter. (3) Prepare a preliminary structural evaluation for the transporter. (4) Identify and recommend the equipment design for waste package transport and related functions. (5) Investigate transport equipment interface tolerances. This analysis supports the development of the waste package transporter for the transport, emplacement, and retrieval of packaged radioactive waste forms in the subsurface repository. Once the waste containers are closed and accepted, the packaged radioactive waste forms are termed waste packages (WP). This terminology was finalized as this analysis neared completion; therefore, the term disposal container is used in several references (i.e., the System Description Document (SDD)) (Ref. 5.6). In this analysis and the applicable reference documents, the term ''disposal container'' is synonymous with ''waste package''.

D.C. Weddle; R. Novotny; J. Cron

1998-09-23

30

The LCDROOT Analysis Package  

E-print Network

The North American Linear Collider Detector group has developed simulation and analysis program packages. LCDROOT is one of the packages, and is based on ROOT and the C++ programing language to maximally benefit from object oriented programming techniques. LCDROOT is constantly improved and now has a new topological vertex finder, ZVTOP3. In this proceeding, the features of the LCDROOT simulation are briefly described.

Toshinori Abe; Masako Iwasaki

2001-10-27

31

RH Packaging Operations Manual  

SciTech Connect

This procedure provides operating instructions for the RH-TRU 72-B Road Cask, Waste Shipping Package. In this document, ''Packaging'' refers to the assembly of components necessary to ensure compliance with the packaging requirements (not loaded with a payload). ''Package'' refers to a Type B packaging that, with its radioactive contents, is designed to retain the integrity of its containment and shielding when subject to the normal conditions of transport and hypothetical accident test conditions set forth in 10 CFR Part 71. Loading of the RH 72-B cask can be done two ways, on the RH cask trailer in the vertical position or by removing the cask from the trailer and loading it in a facility designed for remote-handling (RH). Before loading the 72-B cask, loading procedures and changes to the loading procedures for the 72-B cask must be sent to CBFO at sitedocuments@wipp.ws for approval.

Washington TRU Solutions LLC

2003-09-17

32

Avoiding Packaging Mismatch with Flexible Packaging  

Microsoft Academic Search

To integrate a software component into a system, it must interact properly with the system's other components. Unfortunately, the decisions about how a component is to interact with other components are typically committed long before the moment of integration and are difficult to change. This paper introduces the flexible packaging method, which allows a component developer to defer some decisions

Robert Deline

2001-01-01

33

Optoelectronic packaging: A review  

SciTech Connect

Optoelectronics and photonics hold great potential for high data-rate communication and computing. Wide using in computing applications was limited first by device technologies and now suffers due to the need for high-precision, mass-produced packaging. The use of phontons as a medium of communication and control implies a unique set of packaging constraints that was not present in traditional telecommunications applications. The state-of-the-art in optoelectronic packaging is now driven by microelectric techniques that have potential for low cost and high volume manufacturing.

Carson, R.F.

1993-09-01

34

Aerobic waste treatment package  

SciTech Connect

An improved aerobic waste treatment package which both simplifies maintenance of the system and increases the interval between necessary maintenance through the use of a removable surge bowl which forms part of a centrally disposed, large capacity, surge chamber positioned above the waste treatment holding tank. The package also simplifies maintenance by permitting removal of the surge bowl without disconnecting the electrical connections to the package and through the use of a simplified system for suspending porous filter bags from a hanger plate extending across the top of the holding tank.

Khera, A.S.; Krebs, J.R.

1981-01-20

35

Type B Drum packages  

SciTech Connect

The Type B Drum package is a container in which a single drum containing Type B quantities of radioactive material will be packaged for shipment. The Type B Drum containers are being developed to fill a void in the packaging and transportation capabilities of the US Department of Energy (DOE), as no double containment packaging for single drums of Type B radioactive material is currently available. Several multiple-drum containers and shielded casks presently exist. However, the size and weight of these containers present multiple operational challenges for single-drum shipments. The Type B Drum containers will offer one unshielded version and, if needed, two shielded versions, and will provide for the option of either single or double containment. The primary users of the Type B Drum container will be any organization with a need to ship single drums of Type B radioactive material. Those users include laboratories, waste retrieval facilities, emergency response teams, and small facilities.

Edwards, W.S.

1995-11-01

36

galpy: Galactic dynamics package  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

galpy is a python package for galactic dynamics. It supports orbit integration in a variety of potentials, evaluating and sampling various distribution functions, and the calculation of action-angle coordinates for all static potentials.

Bovy, Jo

2014-11-01

37

Packaging for Posterity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project in which students designed environmentally responsible food packaging is described. The problem definition; research on topics such as waste paper, plastic, metal, glass, incineration, recycling, and consumer preferences; and the presentation design are provided. (KR)

Sias, Jim

1990-01-01

38

Electronic Packaging Techniques  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A characteristic of aerospace system design is that equipment size and weight must always be kept to a minimum, even in small components such as electronic packages. The dictates of spacecraft design have spawned a number of high-density packaging techniques, among them methods of connecting circuits in printed wiring boards by processes called stitchbond welding and parallel gap welding. These processes help designers compress more components into less space; they also afford weight savings and lower production costs.

1979-01-01

39

The ENSDF Java Package  

SciTech Connect

A package of computer codes has been developed to process and display nuclear structure and decay data stored in the ENSDF (Evaluated Nuclear Structure Data File) library. The codes were written in an object-oriented fashion using the java language. This allows for an easy implementation across multiple platforms as well as deployment on web pages. The structure of the different java classes that make up the package is discussed as well as several different implementations.

Sonzogni, A.A. [National Nuclear Data Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973-5000 (United States)

2005-05-24

40

Battery packaging - Technology review  

SciTech Connect

This paper gives a brief overview of battery packaging concepts, their specific advantages and drawbacks, as well as the importance of packaging for performance and cost. Production processes, scaling and automation are discussed in detail to reveal opportunities for cost reduction. Module standardization as an additional path to drive down cost is introduced. A comparison to electronics and photovoltaics production shows 'lessons learned' in those related industries and how they can accelerate learning curves in battery production.

Maiser, Eric [The German Engineering Federation (VDMA), Battery Production Industry Group, Lyoner Str. 18, 60528 Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

2014-06-16

41

From Wafer to Package  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website includes an animation of finished wafer to packaged integrated Circuits. Objective: Describe the wafer to packaged device process steps. This simulation is from Module 075 of the Process & Equipment III Cluster of the MATEC Module Library (MML). You will find the animation under the heading "Process & Equipment III." To view other clusters or for more information about the MML visit http://matec.org/ps/library3/process_I.shtmlKey

42

Battery packaging - Technology review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper gives a brief overview of battery packaging concepts, their specific advantages and drawbacks, as well as the importance of packaging for performance and cost. Production processes, scaling and automation are discussed in detail to reveal opportunities for cost reduction. Module standardization as an additional path to drive down cost is introduced. A comparison to electronics and photovoltaics production shows "lessons learned" in those related industries and how they can accelerate learning curves in battery production.

Maiser, Eric

2014-06-01

43

Comparative Packaging Study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Future long duration manned space flights beyond low earth orbit will require the food system to remain safe, acceptable and nutritious. Development of high barrier food packaging will enable this requirement by preventing the ingress and egress of gases and moisture. New high barrier food packaging materials have been identified through a trade study. Practical application of this packaging material within a shelf life test will allow for better determination of whether this material will allow the food system to meet given requirements after the package has undergone processing. The reason to conduct shelf life testing, using a variety of packaging materials, stems from the need to preserve food used for mission durations of several years. Chemical reactions that take place during longer durations may decrease food quality to a point where crew physical or psychological well-being is compromised. This can result in a reduction or loss of mission success. The rate of chemical reactions, including oxidative rancidity and staling, can be controlled by limiting the reactants, reducing the amount of energy available to drive the reaction, and minimizing the amount of water available. Water not only acts as a media for microbial growth, but also as a reactant and means by which two reactants may come into contact with each other. The objective of this study is to evaluate three packaging materials for potential use in long duration space exploration missions.

Perchonok, Michele H.; Oziomek, Thomas V.

2009-01-01

44

21 CFR 355.20 - Packaging conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...packages shall not contain more than 276 milligrams (mg) total fluorine per package. (2) Preventive treatment gels and treatment...treatment rinse packages shall not contain more than 120 mg total fluorine per package. (3) Exception. Package size...

2011-04-01

45

21 CFR 355.20 - Packaging conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...packages shall not contain more than 276 milligrams (mg) total fluorine per package. (2) Preventive treatment gels and treatment...treatment rinse packages shall not contain more than 120 mg total fluorine per package. (3) Exception. Package size...

2012-04-01

46

21 CFR 355.20 - Packaging conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...packages shall not contain more than 276 milligrams (mg) total fluorine per package. (2) Preventive treatment gels and treatment...treatment rinse packages shall not contain more than 120 mg total fluorine per package. (3) Exception. Package size...

2014-04-01

47

21 CFR 355.20 - Packaging conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...packages shall not contain more than 276 milligrams (mg) total fluorine per package. (2) Preventive treatment gels and treatment...treatment rinse packages shall not contain more than 120 mg total fluorine per package. (3) Exception. Package size...

2010-04-01

48

21 CFR 355.20 - Packaging conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...packages shall not contain more than 276 milligrams (mg) total fluorine per package. (2) Preventive treatment gels and treatment...treatment rinse packages shall not contain more than 120 mg total fluorine per package. (3) Exception. Package size...

2013-04-01

49

16 CFR 500.29 - Combination packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Combination packages. 500.29 Section 500... § 500.29 Combination packages. (a) A combination package is a package intended for...containing two or more individual packages or units of dissimilar...

2013-01-01

50

16 CFR 500.29 - Combination packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Combination packages. 500.29 Section 500... § 500.29 Combination packages. (a) A combination package is a package intended for...containing two or more individual packages or units of dissimilar...

2012-01-01

51

16 CFR 500.28 - Variety packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Variety packages. 500.28 Section 500...ACT § 500.28 Variety packages. (a) A variety package is a package intended for...containing two or more individual packages or units of similar...

2011-01-01

52

16 CFR 500.28 - Variety packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 false Variety packages. 500.28 Section 500...ACT § 500.28 Variety packages. (a) A variety package is a package intended for...containing two or more individual packages or units of similar...

2014-01-01

53

16 CFR 500.29 - Combination packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Combination packages. 500.29 Section 500... § 500.29 Combination packages. (a) A combination package is a package intended for...containing two or more individual packages or units of dissimilar...

2011-01-01

54

16 CFR 500.29 - Combination packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 false Combination packages. 500.29 Section 500... § 500.29 Combination packages. (a) A combination package is a package intended for...containing two or more individual packages or units of dissimilar...

2014-01-01

55

16 CFR 500.28 - Variety packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Variety packages. 500.28 Section 500...ACT § 500.28 Variety packages. (a) A variety package is a package intended for...containing two or more individual packages or units of similar...

2012-01-01

56

10 CFR 71.35 - Package evaluation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Package evaluation. 71.35 Section...MATERIAL Application for Package Approval § 71.35 Package evaluation. The application...package, the allowable number of packages that may be transported...

2010-01-01

57

16 CFR 500.28 - Variety packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Variety packages. 500.28 Section 500...ACT § 500.28 Variety packages. (a) A variety package is a package intended for...containing two or more individual packages or units of similar...

2013-01-01

58

16 CFR 500.28 - Variety packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Variety packages. 500.28 Section 500...ACT § 500.28 Variety packages. (a) A variety package is a package intended for...containing two or more individual packages or units of similar...

2010-01-01

59

10 CFR 71.35 - Package evaluation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-01-01 false Package evaluation. 71.35 Section...MATERIAL Application for Package Approval § 71.35 Package evaluation. The application...package, the allowable number of packages that may be transported...

2012-01-01

60

10 CFR 71.35 - Package evaluation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-01-01 false Package evaluation. 71.35 Section...MATERIAL Application for Package Approval § 71.35 Package evaluation. The application...package, the allowable number of packages that may be transported...

2014-01-01

61

10 CFR 71.35 - Package evaluation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 false Package evaluation. 71.35 Section...MATERIAL Application for Package Approval § 71.35 Package evaluation. The application...package, the allowable number of packages that may be transported...

2011-01-01

62

16 CFR 500.29 - Combination packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Combination packages. 500.29 Section 500... § 500.29 Combination packages. (a) A combination package is a package intended for...containing two or more individual packages or units of dissimilar...

2010-01-01

63

10 CFR 71.35 - Package evaluation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Package evaluation. 71.35 Section...MATERIAL Application for Package Approval § 71.35 Package evaluation. The application...package, the allowable number of packages that may be transported...

2013-01-01

64

Food packages for Space Shuttle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The paper reviews food packaging techniques used in space flight missions and describes the system developed for the Space Shuttle. Attention is directed to bite-size food cubes used in Gemini, Gemini rehydratable food packages, Apollo spoon-bowl rehydratable packages, thermostabilized flex pouch for Apollo, tear-top commercial food cans used in Skylab, polyethylene beverage containers, Skylab rehydratable food package, Space Shuttle food package configuration, duck-bill septum rehydration device, and a drinking/dispensing nozzle for Space Shuttle liquids. Constraints and testing of packaging is considered, a comparison of food package materials is presented, and typical Shuttle foods and beverages are listed.

Fohey, M. F.; Sauer, R. L.; Westover, J. B.; Rockafeller, E. F.

1978-01-01

65

RH Packaging Program Guidance  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this program guidance document is to provide the technical requirements for use, operation, inspection, and maintenance of the RH-TRU 72-B Waste Shipping Package (also known as the "RH-TRU 72-B cask") and directly related components. This document complies with the requirements as specified in the RH-TRU 72-B Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP), and Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Certificate of Compliance (C of C) 9212. If there is a conflict between this document and the SARP and/or C of C, the C of C shall govern. The C of C states: "...each package must be prepared for shipment and operated in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 7.0, Operating Procedures, of the application." It further states: "...each package must be tested and maintained in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 8.0, Acceptance Tests and Maintenance Program of the Application." Chapter 9.0 of the SARP tasks the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Management and Operating (M&O) Contractor with assuring the packaging is used in accordance with the requirements of the C of C. Because the packaging is NRC-approved, users need to be familiar with Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) §71.8, "Deliberate Misconduct." Any time a user suspects or has indications that the conditions of approval in the C of C were not met, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO) shall be notified immediately. The CBFO will evaluate the issue and notify the NRC if required.In accordance with 10 CFR Part 71, "Packaging and Transportation of Radioactive Material," certificate holders, packaging users, and contractors or subcontractors who use, design, fabricate, test, maintain, or modify the packaging shall post copies of (1) 10 CFR Part 21, "Reporting of Defects and Noncompliance," regulations, (2) Section 206 of the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974, and (3) NRC Form 3, Notice to Employees. These documents must be posted in a conspicuous location where the activities subject to these regulations are conducted. This document details the instructions to be followed to operate, maintain, and test the RH-TRU 72-B packaging. This Program Guidance standardizes instructions for all users. Users shall follow these instructions or equivalent approved instructions. Following these instructions assures that operations meet the requirements of the SARP.

Washington TRU Solutions LLC

2008-01-12

66

Detecting small holes in packages  

DOEpatents

A package containing a tracer gas, and a method for determining the presence of a hole in the package by sensing the presence of the gas outside the package. The preferred tracer gas, especially for food packaging, is sulfur hexafluoride. A quantity of the gas is added to the package and the package is closed. The concentration of the gas in the atmosphere outside the package is measured and compared to a predetermined value of the concentration of the gas in the absence of the package. A measured concentration greater than the predetermined value indicates the presence of a hole in the package. Measuring may be done in a chamber having a lower pressure than that in the package.

Kronberg, James W. (Aiken, SC); Cadieux, James R. (Aiken, SC)

1996-01-01

67

Detecting small holes in packages  

DOEpatents

A package containing a tracer gas, and a method for determining the presence of a hole in the package by sensing the presence of the gas outside the package are disclosed. The preferred tracer gas, especially for food packaging, is sulfur hexafluoride. A quantity of the gas is added to the package and the package is closed. The concentration of the gas in the atmosphere outside the package is measured and compared to a predetermined value of the concentration of the gas in the absence of the package. A measured concentration greater than the predetermined value indicates the presence of a hole in the package. Measuring may be done in a chamber having a lower pressure than that in the package. 3 figs.

Kronberg, J.W.; Cadieux, J.R.

1996-03-19

68

CH Packaging Program Guidance  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to provide the technical requirements for preparation for use, operation, inspection, and maintenance of a Transuranic Package Transporter Model II (TRUPACT-II), a HalfPACT shipping package, and directly related components. This document complies with the minimum requirements as specified in the TRUPACT-II Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP), HalfPACT SARP, and U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Certificates of Compliance (C of C) 9218 and 9279, respectively. In the event of a conflict between this document and the SARP or C of C, the C of C shall govern. The C of Cs state: "each package must be prepared for shipment and operated in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 7.0, Operating Procedures, of the application." They further state: "each package must be tested and maintained in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 8.0, Acceptance Tests and Maintenance Program of the Application." Chapter 9.0 of the SARP charges the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) management and operating (M&O) contractor with assuring packaging is used in accordance with the requirements of the C of C. Because the packaging is NRC-approved, users need to be familiar with Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) §71.8. Any time a user suspects or has indications that the conditions of approval in the C of C were not met, the Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO) shall be notified immediately. The CBFO will evaluate the issue and notify the NRC if required.

Washington TRU Solutions LLC

2005-02-28

69

Food Packaging Materials  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The photos show a few of the food products packaged in Alure, a metallized plastic material developed and manufactured by St. Regis Paper Company's Flexible Packaging Division, Dallas, Texas. The material incorporates a metallized film originally developed for space applications. Among the suppliers of the film to St. Regis is King-Seeley Thermos Company, Winchester, Ma'ssachusetts. Initially used by NASA as a signal-bouncing reflective coating for the Echo 1 communications satellite, the film was developed by a company later absorbed by King-Seeley. The metallized film was also used as insulating material for components of a number of other spacecraft. St. Regis developed Alure to meet a multiple packaging material need: good eye appeal, product protection for long periods and the ability to be used successfully on a wide variety of food packaging equipment. When the cost of aluminum foil skyrocketed, packagers sought substitute metallized materials but experiments with a number of them uncovered problems; some were too expensive, some did not adequately protect the product, some were difficult for the machinery to handle. Alure offers a solution. St. Regis created Alure by sandwiching the metallized film between layers of plastics. The resulting laminated metallized material has the superior eye appeal of foil but is less expensive and more easily machined. Alure effectively blocks out light, moisture and oxygen and therefore gives the packaged food long shelf life. A major packaging firm conducted its own tests of the material and confirmed the advantages of machinability and shelf life, adding that it runs faster on machines than materials used in the past and it decreases product waste; the net effect is increased productivity.

1978-01-01

70

High Efficiency Integrated Package  

SciTech Connect

Solid-state lighting based on LEDs has emerged as a superior alternative to inefficient conventional lighting, particularly incandescent. LED lighting can lead to 80 percent energy savings; can last 50,000 hours – 2-50 times longer than most bulbs; and contains no toxic lead or mercury. However, to enable mass adoption, particularly at the consumer level, the cost of LED luminaires must be reduced by an order of magnitude while achieving superior efficiency, light quality and lifetime. To become viable, energy-efficient replacement solutions must deliver system efficacies of ? 100 lumens per watt (LPW) with excellent color rendering (CRI > 85) at a cost that enables payback cycles of two years or less for commercial applications. This development will enable significant site energy savings as it targets commercial and retail lighting applications that are most sensitive to the lifetime operating costs with their extended operating hours per day. If costs are reduced substantially, dramatic energy savings can be realized by replacing incandescent lighting in the residential market as well. In light of these challenges, Cree proposed to develop a multi-chip integrated LED package with an output of > 1000 lumens of warm white light operating at an efficacy of at least 128 LPW with a CRI > 85. This product will serve as the light engine for replacement lamps and luminaires. At the end of the proposed program, this integrated package was to be used in a proof-of-concept lamp prototype to demonstrate the component’s viability in a common form factor. During this project Cree SBTC developed an efficient, compact warm-white LED package with an integrated remote color down-converter. Via a combination of intensive optical, electrical, and thermal optimization, a package design was obtained that met nearly all project goals. This package emitted 1295 lm under instant-on, room-temperature testing conditions, with an efficacy of 128.4 lm/W at a color temperature of ~2873K and 83 CRI. As such, the package’s performance exceeds DOE’s warm-white phosphor LED efficacy target for 2013. At the end of the program, we assembled an A19 sized demonstration bulb housing the integrated package which met Energy Star intensity variation requirements. With further development to reduce overall component cost, we anticipate that an integrated remote converter package such as developed during this program will find application in compact, high-efficacy LED-based lamps, particularly those requiring omnidirectional emission.

Ibbetson, James

2013-09-15

71

AN ADA NAMELIST PACKAGE  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Ada Namelist Package, developed for the Ada programming language, enables a calling program to read and write FORTRAN-style namelist files. A namelist file consists of any number of assignment statements in any order. Features of the Ada Namelist Package are: the handling of any combination of user-defined types; the ability to read vectors, matrices, and slices of vectors and matrices; the handling of mismatches between variables in the namelist file and those in the programmed list of namelist variables; and the ability to avoid searching the entire input file for each variable. The principle user benefits of this software are the following: the ability to write namelist-readable files, the ability to detect most file errors in the initialization phase, a package organization that reduces the number of instantiated units to a few packages rather than to many subprograms, a reduced number of restrictions, and an increased execution speed. The Ada Namelist reads data from an input file into variables declared within a user program. It then writes data from the user program to an output file, printer, or display. The input file contains a sequence of assignment statements in arbitrary order. The output is in namelist-readable form. There is a one-to-one correspondence between namelist I/O statements executed in the user program and variables read or written. Nevertheless, in the input file, mismatches are allowed between assignment statements in the file and the namelist read procedure statements in the user program. The Ada Namelist Package itself is non-generic. However, it has a group of nested generic packages following the nongeneric opening portion. The opening portion declares a variety of useraccessible constants, variables and subprograms. The subprograms are procedures for initializing namelists for reading, reading and writing strings. The subprograms are also functions for analyzing the content of the current dataset and diagnosing errors. Two nested generic packages follow the opening portion. The first generic package contains procedures that read and write objects of scalar type. The second contains subprograms that read and write one and two-dimensional arrays whose components are of scalar type and whose indices are of either of the two discrete types (integer or enumeration). Subprograms in the second package also read and write vector and matrix slices. The Ada Namelist ASCII text files are available on a 360k 5.25" floppy disk written on an IBM PC/AT running under the PC DOS operating system. The largest subprogram in the package requires 150k of memory. The package was developed using VAX Ada v. 1.5 under DEC VMS v. 4.5. It should be portable to any validated Ada compiler. The software was developed in 1989, and is a copyrighted work with all copyright vested in NASA.

Klumpp, A. R.

1994-01-01

72

APP: AGENT PLANNING PACKAGE  

Microsoft Academic Search

C† Abstract. Nowadays, a large number of planning systems exist. The majority of them are either applicable only to specific domains (domain dependent) or support only plan generation, but not plan execution and supervision. This paper presents Agent Planning Package (APP), a new domain independent planner which facilitates the creation of intelligent agents. Through the use of APP, agents can

S RADOVANOVI ´ C

73

Type B drum packages  

SciTech Connect

The Type B drum packages (TBD) are conceptualized as a family of containers in which a single 208 L or 114 L (55 gal or 30 gal) drum containing Type B quantities of radioactive material (RAM) can be packaged for shipment. The TBD containers are being developed to fill a void in the packaging and transportation capabilities of the U.S. Department of Energy as no container packaging single drums of Type B RAM exists offering double containment. Several multiple-drum containers currently exist, as well as a number of shielded casks, but the size and weight of these containers present many operational challenges for single-drum shipments. As an alternative, the TBD containers will offer up to three shielded versions (light, medium, and heavy) and one unshielded version, each offering single or optional double containment for a single drum. To reduce operational complexity, all versions will share similar design and operational features where possible. The primary users of the TBD containers are envisioned to be any organization desiring to ship single drums of Type B RAM, such as laboratories, waste retrieval activities, emergency response teams, etc. Currently, the TBD conceptual design is being developed with the final design and analysis to be completed in 1995 to 1996. Testing and certification of the unshielded version are planned to be completed in 1996 to 1997 with production to begin in 1997 to 1998.

McCoy, J.C.

1994-08-01

74

Waste disposal package  

DOEpatents

This is a claim for a waste disposal package including an inner or primary canister for containing hazardous and/or radioactive wastes. The primary canister is encapsulated by an outer or secondary barrier formed of a porous ceramic material to control ingress of water to the canister and the release rate of wastes upon breach on the canister. 4 figs.

Smith, M.J.

1985-06-19

75

Progressive avionics packaging technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author describes technologies that address the packaging, cooling, and interconnect concerns for avionics that are applicable to current aircraft and future weapon platforms, as well as retrofit systems. To meet added functional requirements, electronic devices must shrink to allow more devices on a module and to allow processing\\/interconnection speeds to increase. This however, produces a tremendous power density. This

Stephen L. Benning; Avionics Directorate; Wright-Patterson AFB

1991-01-01

76

Flight Details Packages Hotels  

E-print Network

Flight Details Home Vacation Packages Hotels Cars & Rail Cruises Flights Event Tickets & More Last Review trip details1 2 travelers, round-trip (6 days , 5 nights) More flight details Total airfare, taxes Arrive: 1:20 am next day Chicago, IL (ORD) Mexicana 804 $ E-mail flight information Add a hotel now, save

Kostic, Milivoje M.

77

Radioactive waste disposal package  

DOEpatents

A radioactive waste disposal package comprising a canister for containing vitrified radioactive waste material and a sealed outer shell encapsulating the canister. A solid block of filler material is supported in said shell and convertible into a liquid state for flow into the space between the canister and outer shell and subsequently hardened to form a solid, impervious layer occupying such space.

Lampe, Robert F. (Bethel Park, PA)

1986-01-01

78

The chet package  

E-print Network

This is a sample produced using chet. This package is inspired by Paul Ginsparg's harvmac, but uses LaTeX2e instead of TeX. The commands provided are to be used as faster alternatives to LaTeX2e's default environments (which can all still be used with chet).

Andreas Stergiou

2012-12-07

79

Web Technology (elective package)  

E-print Network

Web Technology (elective package) Offered by: Department of Mathematics and Computer Science? Computer Science-based approaches and enabling technologies for the web. Course descriptions Human and efficient. Web Technology The web has become the major source of information retrieval and is playing

Franssen, Michael

80

CH Packaging Maintenance Manual  

SciTech Connect

This procedure provides instructions for performing inner containment vessel (ICV) and outer containment vessel (OCV) maintenance and periodic leakage rate testing on the following packaging seals and corresponding seal surfaces using a nondestructive helium (He) leak test. In addition, this procedure provides instructions for performing ICV and OCV structural pressure tests.

Washington TRU Solutions

2002-01-02

81

It's all In the Package  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students explore the concept of "reducing" solid waste and how it relates to product packaging and engineering advancements in packaging materials. Students read about and evaluate the highly publicized packaging decisions of two major U.S. corporations. They will evaluate different ways to package items in order to minimize the environmental impact, while considering issues such as cost, availability, product attractiveness, etc. Students will explore "hydrapulping" and consider its use as a recycling process.

Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,

82

Sustainable Library Development Training Package  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Sustainable Library Development Training Package supports Peace Corps' Focus In/Train Up strategy, which was implemented following the 2010 Comprehensive Agency Assessment. Sustainable Library Development is a technical training package in Peace Corps programming within the Education sector. The training package addresses the Volunteer…

Peace Corps, 2012

2012-01-01

83

Silver Package Snacks (Choose 2)  

E-print Network

Chicken Sandwiches ___Grilled Chicken Sandwiches Package also includes: Assorted Cookie & Brownie Tray 36 ___Deli Sandwiches ___Pizza (CH, SAUS, PEPP) Dessert (Choose 2): ___Asst. Cookie & Brownie Tray & Brownie Tray ___Cheesecake Assortment Package also includes: 48 Assorted Soda/Water SUITE PACKAGES Silver

Karonis, Nicholas T.

84

7 CFR 905.140 - Gift packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Gift packages. 905.140 Section...Fruit § 905.140 Gift packages. Any handler may...a) To any person gift packages containing such varieties...to any individual gift package distributor of such...

2011-01-01

85

7 CFR 905.140 - Gift packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 false Gift packages. 905.140 Section...Fruit § 905.140 Gift packages. Any handler may...a) To any person gift packages containing such varieties...to any individual gift package distributor of such...

2014-01-01

86

7 CFR 322.9 - Mailed packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Mailed packages. 322.9 Section 322...Regions § 322.9 Mailed packages. (a) If you import a package of honeybees, honeybee...sides of the outside of that package with the contents of the...

2013-01-01

87

7 CFR 905.140 - Gift packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Gift packages. 905.140 Section...Fruit § 905.140 Gift packages. Any handler may...a) To any person gift packages containing such varieties...to any individual gift package distributor of such...

2012-01-01

88

49 CFR 176.156 - Defective packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Defective packages. 176.156 Section...176.156 Defective packages. (a) No leaking...or otherwise defective package containing Class 1...materials, including packages which have been...

2014-10-01

89

27 CFR 19.390 - Filling packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Filling packages. 19.390 Section 19...Products § 19.390 Filling packages. Spirits may be drawn into packages from a tank (conforming to...details of such gauge on a package gauge record, according...

2010-04-01

90

7 CFR 905.140 - Gift packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Gift packages. 905.140 Section...Fruit § 905.140 Gift packages. Any handler may...a) To any person gift packages containing such varieties...to any individual gift package distributor of such...

2010-01-01

91

7 CFR 322.9 - Mailed packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Mailed packages. 322.9 Section 322...Regions § 322.9 Mailed packages. (a) If you import a package of honeybees, honeybee...sides of the outside of that package with the contents of the...

2011-01-01

92

49 CFR 176.156 - Defective packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Defective packages. 176.156 Section...176.156 Defective packages. (a) No leaking...or otherwise defective package containing Class 1...materials, including packages which have been...

2013-10-01

93

49 CFR 176.156 - Defective packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Defective packages. 176.156 Section...176.156 Defective packages. (a) No leaking...or otherwise defective package containing Class 1...materials, including packages which have been...

2012-10-01

94

49 CFR 176.156 - Defective packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Defective packages. 176.156 Section...176.156 Defective packages. (a) No leaking...or otherwise defective package containing Class 1...materials, including packages which have been...

2010-10-01

95

49 CFR 176.156 - Defective packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Defective packages. 176.156 Section...176.156 Defective packages. (a) No leaking...or otherwise defective package containing Class 1...materials, including packages which have been...

2011-10-01

96

7 CFR 322.9 - Mailed packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Mailed packages. 322.9 Section 322...Regions § 322.9 Mailed packages. (a) If you import a package of honeybees, honeybee...sides of the outside of that package with the contents of the...

2012-01-01

97

7 CFR 905.140 - Gift packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Gift packages. 905.140 Section...Fruit § 905.140 Gift packages. Any handler may...a) To any person gift packages containing such varieties...to any individual gift package distributor of such...

2013-01-01

98

7 CFR 322.9 - Mailed packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Mailed packages. 322.9 Section 322...Regions § 322.9 Mailed packages. (a) If you import a package of honeybees, honeybee...sides of the outside of that package with the contents of the...

2010-01-01

99

7 CFR 322.9 - Mailed packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 false Mailed packages. 322.9 Section 322...Regions § 322.9 Mailed packages. (a) If you import a package of honeybees, honeybee...sides of the outside of that package with the contents of the...

2014-01-01

100

High performance MMIC hermetic packaging  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Attention is given to the features and performance of a novel, ceramics-based hermetic packaging system developed for GaAs MMIC devices in order to meet stringent electrical and environmental requirements. These packages can be mounted by solder reflow methods, allowing a high RF subassembly packaging density while furnishing a low thermal impedance to the MMIC device. Solder sealing of the package lid ensures a hermetic environment for the enclosed MMIC chip. A package typically consists of a metal base, ceramic substrate and seal frame, kovar lead frames, and ceramic lid.

Ziegner, Bernhard A.

1986-11-01

101

KAPPA -- Kernel Application Package  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

KAPPA is an applications package comprising about 180 general-purpose commands for image processing, data visualisation, and manipulation of the standard Starlink data format---the NDF. It is intended to work in conjunction with Starlink's various specialised packages. In addition to the NDF, KAPPA can also process data in other formats by using the `on-the-fly' conversion scheme. Many commands can process data arrays of arbitrary dimension, and others work on both spectra and images. KAPPA operates from both the UNIX C-shell and the ICL command language. This document describes how to use KAPPA and its features. There is some description of techniques too, including a section on writing scripts. This document includes several tutorials and is illustrated with numerous examples. The bulk of this document comprises detailed descriptions of each command as well as classified and alphabetical summaries.

Currie, Malcolm J.; Berry, David. S.

102

Software packager user's guide  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software integration is a growing area of concern for many programmers and software managers because the need to build new programs quickly from existing components is greater than ever. This includes building versions of software products for multiple hardware platforms and operating systems, building programs from components written in different languages, and building systems from components that must execute on different machines in a distributed network. The goal of software integration is to make building new programs from existing components more seamless -- programmers should pay minimal attention to the underlying configuration issues involved. Libraries of reusable components and classes are important tools but only partial solutions to software development problems. Even though software components may have compatible interfaces, there may be other reasons, such as differences between execution environments, why they cannot be integrated. Often, components must be adapted or reimplemented to fit into another application because of implementation differences -- they are implemented in different programming languages, dependent on different operating system resources, or must execute on different physical machines. The software packager is a tool that allows programmers to deal with interfaces between software components and ignore complex integration details. The packager takes modular descriptions of the structure of a software system written in the package specification language and produces an integration program in the form of a makefile. If complex integration tools are needed to integrate a set of components, such as remote procedure call stubs, their use is implied by the packager automatically and stub generation tools are invoked in the corresponding makefile. The programmer deals only with the components themselves and not the details of how to build the system on any given platform.

Callahan, John R.

1995-01-01

103

FreeBSD Packages  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Chapter 8 introduced you to the PBI system of installing and managing software. While this is the preferred way to handle\\u000a software on your PC-BSD system, it is not the only method available to you. This chapter will introduce you to FreeBSD packages,\\u000a the second easiest way to manage software on your PCBSD system. Chapter 9 will introduce you to

Dru Lavigne

104

Aquaculture information package  

SciTech Connect

This package of information is intended to provide background information to developers of geothermal aquaculture projects. The material is divided into eight sections and includes information on market and price information for typical species, aquaculture water quality issues, typical species culture information, pond heat loss calculations, an aquaculture glossary, regional and university aquaculture offices and state aquaculture permit requirements. A bibliography containing 68 references is also included.

Boyd, T.; Rafferty, K.

1998-08-01

105

49 CFR 173.24a - Additional general requirements for non-bulk packagings and packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...non-bulk packagings and packages. 173.24a Section...non-bulk packagings and packages. (a) Packaging design...Vibration. Each non-bulk package must be capable of withstanding...remain on the outside of a package after filling....

2011-10-01

106

49 CFR 173.24a - Additional general requirements for non-bulk packagings and packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...non-bulk packagings and packages. 173.24a Section...non-bulk packagings and packages. (a) Packaging design...Vibration. Each non-bulk package must be capable of withstanding...remain on the outside of a package after filling....

2013-10-01

107

49 CFR 173.24a - Additional general requirements for non-bulk packagings and packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...non-bulk packagings and packages. 173.24a Section...non-bulk packagings and packages. (a) Packaging design...Vibration. Each non-bulk package must be capable of withstanding...remain on the outside of a package after filling....

2012-10-01

108

49 CFR 173.24a - Additional general requirements for non-bulk packagings and packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...non-bulk packagings and packages. 173.24a Section...non-bulk packagings and packages. (a) Packaging design...Vibration. Each non-bulk package must be capable of withstanding...remain on the outside of a package after filling....

2014-10-01

109

New package for CMOS sensors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cost is the main drawback of existing packages for C-MOS sensors (mainly CLCC family). Alternative packages are thus developed world-wide. And in particular, S.T.Microelectronics has studied a low cost alternative packages based on QFN structure, still with a cavity. Intensive work was done to optimize the over-molding operation forming the cavity onto a metallic lead-frame (metallic lead-frame is a low cost substrate allowing very good mechanical definition of the final package). Material selection (thermo-set resin and glue for glass sealing) was done through standard reliability tests for cavity packages (Moisture Sensitivity Level 3 followed by temperature cycling, humidity storage and high temperature storage). As this package concept is new (without leads protruding the molded cavity), the effect of variation of package dimensions, as well as board lay-out design, are simulated on package life time (during temperature cycling, thermal mismatch between board and package leads to thermal fatigue of solder joints). These simulations are correlated with an experimental temperature cycling test with daisy-chain packages.

Diot, Jean-Luc; Loo, Kum Weng; Moscicki, Jean-Pierre; Ng, Hun Shen; Tee, Tong Yan; Teysseyre, Jerome; Yap, Daniel

2004-02-01

110

Safety Analysis Report for packaging (onsite) steel waste package  

SciTech Connect

The steel waste package is used primarily for the shipment of remote-handled radioactive waste from the 324 Building to the 200 Area for interim storage. The steel waste package is authorized for shipment of transuranic isotopes. The maximum allowable radioactive material that is authorized is 500,000 Ci. This exceeds the highway route controlled quantity (3,000 A{sub 2}s) and is a type B packaging.

BOEHNKE, W.M.

2000-07-13

111

Z:\\Gerontology\\Program\\Application Packages\\MA Application Package\\Application Package 2008\\Reference Form.doc de partme nt of ge rontology  

E-print Network

Z:\\Gerontology\\Program\\Application Packages\\MA Application Package\\Application Package 2008:\\Gerontology\\Program\\Application Packages\\MA Application Package\\Application Package 2008\\Reference Form.doc 1. Briefly describe your:\\Gerontology\\Program\\Application Packages\\MA Application Package\\Application Package 2008\\Reference Form.doc 7. Indicate your assessment

112

KAPPA: Kernel Applications Package  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

KAPPA comprising about 180 general-purpose commands for image processing, data visualization, and manipulation of the standard Starlink data format--the NDF. It works with Starlink's various specialized packages; in addition to the NDF, KAPPA can also process data in other formats by using the "on-the-fly" conversion scheme. Many commands can process data arrays of arbitrary dimension, and others work on both spectra and images. KAPPA operates from both the UNIX C-shell and the ICL command language. KAPPA uses the Starlink environment (ascl:1110.012).

Currie, Malcolm J.; Berry, David S.

2014-03-01

113

The reduction of packaging waste  

SciTech Connect

Nationwide, packaging waste comprises approximately one third of the waste being sent to our solid waste landfills. These wastes range from product and shipping containers made from plastic, glass, wood, and corrugated cardboard to packaging fillers and wraps made from a variety of plastic materials such as shrink wrap and polystyrene peanuts. The amount of packaging waste generated is becoming an important issue for manufacturers, retailers, and consumers. Elimination of packaging not only conserves precious landfill space, it also reduces consumption of raw materials and energy, all of which result in important economic and environmental benefits. At the US Department of Energy-Richland Field Office`s (DOE-RL) Hanford Site as well as other DOE sites the generation of packaging waste has added importance. By reducing the amount of packaging waste, DOE also reduces the costs and liabilities associated with waste handling, treatment, storage, and disposal.

Raney, E.A.; McCollom, M.; Hogan, J.

1993-04-01

114

The reduction of packaging waste  

SciTech Connect

Nationwide, packaging waste comprises approximately one third of the waste being sent to our solid waste landfills. These wastes range from product and shipping containers made from plastic, glass, wood, and corrugated cardboard to packaging fillers and wraps made from a variety of plastic materials such as shrink wrap and polystyrene peanuts. The amount of packaging waste generated is becoming an important issue for manufacturers, retailers, and consumers. Elimination of packaging not only conserves precious landfill space, it also reduces consumption of raw materials and energy, all of which result in important economic and environmental benefits. At the US Department of Energy-Richland Field Office's (DOE-RL) Hanford Site as well as other DOE sites the generation of packaging waste has added importance. By reducing the amount of packaging waste, DOE also reduces the costs and liabilities associated with waste handling, treatment, storage, and disposal.

Raney, E.A.; McCollom, M.; Hogan, J.

1993-04-01

115

IN-PACKAGE CHEMISTRY ABSTRACTION  

SciTech Connect

This report was developed in accordance with the requirements in ''Technical Work Plan for Postclosure Waste Form Modeling'' (BSC 2005 [DIRS 173246]). The purpose of the in-package chemistry model is to predict the bulk chemistry inside of a breached waste package and to provide simplified expressions of that chemistry as a function of time after breach to Total Systems Performance Assessment for the License Application (TSPA-LA). The scope of this report is to describe the development and validation of the in-package chemistry model. The in-package model is a combination of two models, a batch reactor model, which uses the EQ3/6 geochemistry-modeling tool, and a surface complexation model, which is applied to the results of the batch reactor model. The batch reactor model considers chemical interactions of water with the waste package materials, and the waste form for commercial spent nuclear fuel (CSNF) waste packages and codisposed (CDSP) waste packages containing high-level waste glass (HLWG) and DOE spent fuel. The surface complexation model includes the impact of fluid-surface interactions (i.e., surface complexation) on the resulting fluid composition. The model examines two types of water influx: (1) the condensation of water vapor diffusing into the waste package, and (2) seepage water entering the waste package as a liquid from the drift. (1) Vapor-Influx Case: The condensation of vapor onto the waste package internals is simulated as pure H{sub 2}O and enters at a rate determined by the water vapor pressure for representative temperature and relative humidity conditions. (2) Liquid-Influx Case: The water entering a waste package from the drift is simulated as typical groundwater and enters at a rate determined by the amount of seepage available to flow through openings in a breached waste package.

E. Thomas

2005-07-14

116

About the ZOOM minimization package  

SciTech Connect

A new object-oriented Minimization package is available for distribution in the same manner as CLHEP. This package, designed for use in HEP applications, has all the capabilities of Minuit, but is a re-write from scratch, adhering to modern C++ design principles. A primary goal of this package is extensibility in several directions, so that its capabilities can be kept fresh with as little maintenance effort as possible. This package is distinguished by the priority that was assigned to C++ design issues, and the focus on producing an extensible system that will resist becoming obsolete.

Fischler, M.; Sachs, D.; /Fermilab

2004-11-01

117

Japan's electronic packaging technologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The JTEC panel found Japan to have significant leadership over the United States in the strategic area of electronic packaging. Many technologies and products once considered the 'heart and soul' of U.S. industry have been lost over the past decades to Japan and other Asian countries. The loss of consumer electronics technologies and products is the most notable of these losses, because electronics is the United States' largest employment sector and is critical for growth businesses in consumer products, computers, automobiles, aerospace, and telecommunications. In the past there was a distinction between consumer and industrial product technologies. While Japan concentrated on the consumer market, the United States dominated the industrial sector. No such distinction is anticipated in the future; the consumer-oriented technologies Japan has dominated are expected to characterize both domains. The future of U.S. competitiveness will, therefore, depend on the ability of the United States to rebuild its technological capabilities in the area of portable electronic packaging.

Tummala, Rao R.; Pecht, Michael

1995-02-01

118

Japan's electronic packaging technologies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The JTEC panel found Japan to have significant leadership over the United States in the strategic area of electronic packaging. Many technologies and products once considered the 'heart and soul' of U.S. industry have been lost over the past decades to Japan and other Asian countries. The loss of consumer electronics technologies and products is the most notable of these losses, because electronics is the United States' largest employment sector and is critical for growth businesses in consumer products, computers, automobiles, aerospace, and telecommunications. In the past there was a distinction between consumer and industrial product technologies. While Japan concentrated on the consumer market, the United States dominated the industrial sector. No such distinction is anticipated in the future; the consumer-oriented technologies Japan has dominated are expected to characterize both domains. The future of U.S. competitiveness will, therefore, depend on the ability of the United States to rebuild its technological capabilities in the area of portable electronic packaging.

Tummala, Rao R.; Pecht, Michael

1995-01-01

119

Critical Review Package Components Package Component Provided By  

E-print Network

May 2012 Critical Review Package Components Package Component Provided By ·Critical Review Coversheet Faculty Affairs ·Candidate's Biographical Sketch - This is a summary of the candidate's career the candidate's name, current rank, and school. Candidate ·School Chair's Recommendation Letter - The school

Weber, Rodney

120

Building an R package Division of Biostatistics  

E-print Network

Building an R package Yen-Yi Ho Division of Biostatistics School of Public Health, University of Minnesota Yen-Yi Ho Building an R package #12;Steps Prepare your functions, example data sets Build package in man subdirectory) Write a package vignette Build and install the R package (R CMD build) Check the R

Carlin, Bradley P.

121

Cigarette package design: opportunities for disease prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To learn how cigarette packages are designed and to determine to what extent cigarette packages are designed to target children. METHODS: A computer search was made of all Internet websites that post tobacco industry documents using the search terms: packaging, package design, package study, box design, logo, trademark and design study. All documents were retrieved electronically and analyzed by

JR DiFranza; DM Clark; RW Pollay

2003-01-01

122

Packaging Systems and Design Fall/Spring Semester Packaging Systems and Design Introductory Courses  

E-print Network

Packaging Systems and Design Fall/Spring Semester Packaging Systems and Design Introductory and design of shipping and distribution systems. The relation between packaging consumer goods supply chain. Pre: 2104 (3C, 3H). Packaging Design for Global

Buehrer, R. Michael

123

The LISA Technology Package  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The LISA Technology Package (LTP) is the payload of the European Space Agency's LISA Pathfinder mission. LISA Pathfinder was instigated to test, in a flight environment, the critical technologies required by LISA; namely, the inertial sensing subsystem and associated control laws and micro-Newton thrusters required to place a macroscopic test mass in pure free-fall. The UP is in the late stages of development -- all subsystems are currently either in the final stages of manufacture or in test. Available flight units are being integrated into the real-time testbeds for system verification tests. This poster will describe the UP and its subsystems, give the current status of the hardware and test campaign, and outline the future milestones leading to the UP delivery.

Livas, Jeff

2009-01-01

124

Tritium waste package  

DOEpatents

A containment and waste package system for processing and shipping tritium xide waste received from a process gas includes an outer drum and an inner drum containing a disposable molecular sieve bed (DMSB) seated within outer drum. The DMSB includes an inlet diffuser assembly, an outlet diffuser assembly, and a hydrogen catalytic recombiner. The DMSB absorbs tritium oxide from the process gas and converts it to a solid form so that the tritium is contained during shipment to a disposal site. The DMSB is filled with type 4A molecular sieve pellets capable of adsorbing up to 1000 curies of tritium. The recombiner contains a sufficient amount of catalyst to cause any hydrogen add oxygen present in the process gas to recombine to form water vapor, which is then adsorbed onto the DMSB.

Rossmassler, Rich (Cranbury, NJ); Ciebiera, Lloyd (Titusville, NJ); Tulipano, Francis J. (Teaneck, NJ); Vinson, Sylvester (Ewing, NJ); Walters, R. Thomas (Lawrenceville, NJ)

1995-01-01

125

Tritium waste package  

DOEpatents

A containment and waste package system for processing and shipping tritium oxide waste received from a process gas includes an outer drum and an inner drum containing a disposable molecular sieve bed (DMSB) seated within the outer drum. The DMSB includes an inlet diffuser assembly, an outlet diffuser assembly, and a hydrogen catalytic recombiner. The DMSB absorbs tritium oxide from the process gas and converts it to a solid form so that the tritium is contained during shipment to a disposal site. The DMSB is filled with type 4A molecular sieve pellets capable of adsorbing up to 1000 curies of tritium. The recombiner contains a sufficient amount of catalyst to cause any hydrogen and oxygen present in the process gas to recombine to form water vapor, which is then adsorbed onto the DMSB. 1 fig.

Rossmassler, R.; Ciebiera, L.; Tulipano, F.J.; Vinson, S.; Walters, R.T.

1995-11-07

126

Environmentally Responsible Electronics Packaging  

E-print Network

he United States is running out of landftlls and that is where most trash, and thus most packaging 1 material, ends up. For example, we generate 180 million tons of solid waste per year, 70 % of which goes into landfills. However, in the last 12 years, two-thirds of our landfills have been exhausted. The problem gained national attention in 1989 when a garbage barge from New York wandered across our television screens, headlines, and 6,000 miles looking for a place to dump its 3,100-ton cargo. Myths The response has been a public call for action. Unfortunately, the general public is ill-informed, and possibly misinformed by some advocacy groups. Surveys show that most people thiik that landfills are:

Source Reduction

127

Balloon gondola diagnostics package  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In order to define a new gondola structural specification and to quantify the balloon termination environment, NASA developed a balloon gondola diagnostics package (GDP). This addition to the balloon flight train is comprised of a large array of electronic sensors employed to define the forces and accelerations imposed on a gondola during the termination event. These sensors include the following: a load cell, a three-axis accelerometer, two three-axis rate gyros, two magnetometers, and a two axis inclinometer. A transceiver couple allows the data to be telemetered across any in-line rotator to the gondola-mounted memory system. The GDP is commanded 'ON' just prior to parachute deployment in order to record the entire event.

Cantor, K. M.

1986-01-01

128

16 CFR 1700.5 - Noncomplying package requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Noncomplying package requirements. 1700...1700.5 Noncomplying package requirements. ...manufacturers and packers to package such substances in noncomplying...supplied and the noncomplying packages are conspicuously...

2011-01-01

129

16 CFR 1700.5 - Noncomplying package requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Noncomplying package requirements. 1700...1700.5 Noncomplying package requirements. ...manufacturers and packers to package such substances in noncomplying...supplied and the noncomplying packages are conspicuously...

2010-01-01

130

16 CFR 1700.5 - Noncomplying package requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Noncomplying package requirements. 1700...1700.5 Noncomplying package requirements. ...manufacturers and packers to package such substances in noncomplying...supplied and the noncomplying packages are conspicuously...

2013-01-01

131

16 CFR 1700.5 - Noncomplying package requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Noncomplying package requirements. 1700...1700.5 Noncomplying package requirements. ...manufacturers and packers to package such substances in noncomplying...supplied and the noncomplying packages are conspicuously...

2012-01-01

132

16 CFR 1700.5 - Noncomplying package requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... false Noncomplying package requirements. 1700...1700.5 Noncomplying package requirements. ...manufacturers and packers to package such substances in noncomplying...supplied and the noncomplying packages are conspicuously...

2014-01-01

133

Electronic Packaging Evolution in IBM  

Microsoft Academic Search

A quarter century of innovation in the development of packaging for semiconductors has culminated in the announce- ment of the IBM 4300 Series of computers and the IBM 3081. This technology has been built on a broad and expanding base starting with packaging for the 1400 Series in the late 1950s. In the next series, Systeml360, IBM chose to follow

D. P. Seraphim; I. Feinberg

1981-01-01

134

Status of PERST-5 package  

SciTech Connect

The methods and algorithms used in the PERST-5 package are described. This package is part of the MCU-5 code and is intended for neutron-physical calculation of the cells and parts of nuclear reactors using a generalized method of first collision probabilities.

Gomin, E. A.; Gurevich, M. I.; Kalugin, M. A.; Lazarenko, A. P.; Pryanichnikov, A. V., E-mail: prianik@adis.vver.kiae.ru; Sidorenko, V. D. [National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation); Druzhinin, V. E. [Scientific and Research Institute of Nuclear Power Plant Operation (VNIIAES) (Russian Federation); Zhirnov, A. P.; Rozhdestvenskiy, I. M. [Scientific Research and Design Institute of Electrical Engineering (NIKIET) (Russian Federation)

2012-12-15

135

Status of PERST-5 package  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The methods and algorithms used in the PERST-5 package are described. This package is part of the MCU-5 code and is intended for neutron-physical calculation of the cells and parts of nuclear reactors using a generalized method of first collision probabilities.

Gomin, E. A.; Gurevich, M. I.; Kalugin, M. A.; Lazarenko, A. P.; Pryanichnikov, A. V.; Sidorenko, V. D.; Druzhinin, V. E.; Zhirnov, A. P.; Rozhdestvenskiy, I. M.

2012-12-01

136

Floriculture. Selected Learning Activity Packages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This series of learning activity packages is based on a catalog of performance objectives, criterion-referenced measures, and performance guides for gardening/groundskeeping developed by the Vocational Education Consortium of States (V-TECS). Learning activity packages are presented in four areas: (1) preparation of soils and planting media, (2)…

Clemson Univ., SC. Vocational Education Media Center.

137

Chemical Energy: A Learning Package.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comprehensive teaching/learning chemical energy package was developed to overcome conceptual/experimental difficulties and time required for calculation of enthalpy changes. The package consists of five types of activities occuring in repeated cycles: group activities, laboratory experiments, inquiry questionnaires, teacher-led class…

Cohen, Ita; Ben-Zvi, Ruth

1982-01-01

138

PAORE: Package Oriented Requirements Elicitation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a new requirements elicitation method in the domains of ERP, CRM, and SCM by using specifications of several existing package software. We have analyzed the requirements elicitation processes of experienced analysts in a specific domain, and found that they clarify requirements by referring the specifications of existing packages that seem to be satisfied with customer's needs. This process

Junzo Kato; Morio Nagata; Shuichiro Yamamoto; Motoshi Saeki; Haruhiko Kaiya; Hisayuki Horai; Atsushi Ohnishi; Seiichi Komiya; Kenji Watahiki

2003-01-01

139

The geometry package Hideo Umeki  

E-print Network

The geometry package Hideo Umeki hideo.umeki@toshiba.co.jp 1999/10/07 (v2.2) Abstract This package. Contents 1 Preface to Version 2 1 2 Introduction 2 3 Page Geometry 2 3.1 Layout Dimensions . . . . . . 2 3: · The geometry options using the keyval scheme can be set in the optional argument to the \\usepackage command

Gkioulekas, Eleftherios - Department of Mathematics, University of Texas

140

Sterility of packaged implant components.  

PubMed

Several implant components in their original glass vial and peel-back packages were subjected to sterility testing to determine whether the contents remained sterile after the expiration date marked on the package had passed. The results from a university microbiology laboratory showed that the contents remained sterile for 6 to 11 years after the expiration dates. PMID:15973959

Worthington, Philip

2005-01-01

141

Chip packaging technique  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A hermetically sealed package for at least one semiconductor chip is provided which is formed of a substrate having electrical interconnects thereon to which the semiconductor chips are selectively bonded, and a lid which preferably functions as a heat sink, with a hermetic seal being formed around the chips between the substrate and the heat sink. The substrate is either formed of or includes a layer of a thermoplastic material having low moisture permeability which material is preferably a liquid crystal polymer (LCP) and is a multiaxially oriented LCP material for preferred embodiments. Where the lid is a heat sink, the heat sink is formed of a material having high thermal conductivity and preferably a coefficient of thermal expansion which substantially matches that of the chip. A hermetic bond is formed between the side of each chip opposite that connected to the substrate and the heat sink. The thermal bond between the substrate and the lid/heat sink may be a pinched seal or may be provided, for example by an LCP frame which is hermetically bonded or sealed on one side to the substrate and on the other side to the lid/heat sink. The chips may operate in the RF or microwave bands with suitable interconnects on the substrate and the chips may also include optical components with optical fibers being sealed into the substrate and aligned with corresponding optical components to transmit light in at least one direction. A plurality of packages may be physically and electrically connected together in a stack to form a 3D array.

Jayaraj, Kumaraswamy (Inventor); Noll, Thomas E. (Inventor); Lockwood, Harry F. (Inventor)

2001-01-01

142

ROBOVOLC: The Geochemical Package  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ROBOVOLC is a special designed robot equipped with different scientific packages to collect solid, liquid and gas samples and make several measurements. This project was developed to reduce the risks to researchers working in volcanic areas (Muscato G. et al., 2003). In particular, the geochemical package allows to collect some different typology of gas samples (dray gases, NaOH flask, acid condense) and perform some direct measurements (gas temperature, mass and energy release, dry gas/steam ratio). The gases from fumaroles are collected by a 1.2m heated probe in order to keep the robot away from the fumaroles. The gas temperature is measured by several thermocouples located in different part of the probe (on the top to measure the fumarolic temperature) and along the gas canalization in order to check the temperature decreasing. The first step in the sampling procedure consists of the thermal stabilization of the equipment. In this phase, the fumarolic gases flow inside the system for a variable period of time depending on the temperature and flux of the fumaroles. Dray gases and acid condense (Capasso et al., 1992) are collected after the fumarolic gas is cooled by a pyrex glass steam condenser. This stage allows to measure the volumes of both liquid and gas phase and, therefore, to calculate the gas/steam ratio. NaOH flask (Giggenbach, 1975) can be collected excluding the condensed by some electro valves. The gas flux inside the flask can be regulated by a motorized system and a video camera. All the gas canalization is made in pyrex glass and PTFE.

Gurrieri, S.; Giudice, G.; Giammanco, S.; Coltelli, M.; Muscato, G.

2004-12-01

143

Electro-Microfluidic Packaging  

SciTech Connect

Electro-microfluidics is experiencing explosive growth in new product developments. There are many commercial applications for electro-microfluidic devices such as chemical sensors, biological sensors, and drop ejectors for both printing and chemical analysis. The number of silicon surface micromachined electro-microfluidic products is likely to increase. Manufacturing efficiency and integration of microfluidics with electronics will become important. Surface micromachined microfluidic devices are manufactured with the same tools as IC's (integrated circuits) and their fabrication can be incorporated into the IC fabrication process. In order to realize applications for devices must be developed. An Electro-Microfluidic Dual In-line Package (EMDIP{trademark}) was developed surface micromachined electro-microfluidic devices, a practical method for getting fluid into these to be a standard solution that allows for both the electrical and the fluidic connections needed to operate a great variety of electro-microfluidic devices. The EMDIP{trademark} includes a fan-out manifold that, on one side, mates directly with the 200 micron diameter Bosch etched holes found on the device, and, on the other side, mates to lager 1 mm diameter holes. To minimize cost the EMDIP{trademark} can be injection molded in a great variety of thermoplastics which also serve to optimize fluid compatibility. The EMDIP{trademark} plugs directly into a fluidic printed wiring board using a standard dual in-line package pattern for the electrical connections and having a grid of multiple 1 mm diameter fluidic connections to mate to the underside of the EMDIP{trademark}.

BENAVIDES, GILBERT L.; GALAMBOS, PAUL C.

2002-06-01

144

Warpage reduction of package-on-package (PoP) module by material selection & process optimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The package technology has matured significantly over the past several years, shifting from conventional components and direct board level assembly to chip or package level system integration. Two major commonly used approaches are System-on-Chip (SoC) and System-in-Package (SiP). Package-on-Package (PoP) that integrates logic die in the bottom package and memory die in the top package into a single 3D package

Peng Sun; Vincent Chi-Kuen LEUNG; Bin Xie; Vivian Wei MA; Daniel Xun-Qing SHI

2008-01-01

145

Nanocomposite Sensors for Food Packaging  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nowadays nanotechnologies applied to the food packaging sector find always more applications due to a wide range of benefits that they can offer, such as improved barrier properties, improved mechanical performance, antimicrobial properties and so on. Recently many researches are addressed to the set up of new food packaging materials, in which polymer nanocomposites incorporate nanosensors, developing the so-called "smart" packaging. Some examples of nanocomposite sensors specifically realised for the food packaging industry are reported. The second part of this work deals with the preparation and characterisation of two new polymer-based nanocomposite systems that can be used as food packaging materials. Particularly the results concerning the following systems are illustrated: isotactic polypropylene (iPP) filled with CaCO3 nanoparticles and polycaprolactone (PCL) filled with SiO2 nanoparticles.

Avella, Maurizio; Errico, Maria Emanuela; Gentile, Gennaro; Volpe, Maria Grazia

146

76 FR 30551 - Specifications for Packagings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...maintained at each location where the packaging is manufactured and each location where the design qualification tests are conducted...5) Manufacturer of the packaging; (6) Description of the packaging design type (e.g....

2011-05-26

147

39 CFR 121.4 - Package Services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Package Services. 121.4 Section 121...MARKET-DOMINANT MAIL PRODUCTS § 121.4 Package Services. (a) End-to-End...Center Facility (SCF) turnaround Package Services mail accepted at...

2011-07-01

148

39 CFR 3055.60 - Package Services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Package Services. 3055.60 Section...Performance Achievements § 3055.60 Package Services. (a) Single-Piece...Single-Piece Parcel Post product within the Package Services class, report...

2012-07-01

149

39 CFR 121.4 - Package Services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Package Services. 121.4 Section 121...MARKET-DOMINANT MAIL PRODUCTS § 121.4 Package Services. (a) End-to-End...Center Facility (SCF) turnaround Package Services mail accepted at...

2013-07-01

150

39 CFR 121.4 - Package Services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Package Services. 121.4 Section 121...MARKET-DOMINANT MAIL PRODUCTS § 121.4 Package Services. (a) End-to-End...Center Facility (SCF) turnaround Package Services mail accepted at...

2014-07-01

151

7 CFR 4284.931 - Application package.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-01-01 false Application package. 4284.931 Section 4284.931 ...for A Grant § 4284.931 Application package. All applicants are required to submit an application package that is comprised of the elements in...

2014-01-01

152

7 CFR 4284.931 - Application package.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-01-01 false Application package. 4284.931 Section 4284.931 ...for A Grant § 4284.931 Application package. All applicants are required to submit an application package that is comprised of the elements in...

2012-01-01

153

39 CFR 121.4 - Package Services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Package Services. 121.4 Section 121...MARKET-DOMINANT MAIL PRODUCTS § 121.4 Package Services. (a) End-to-End...Center Facility (SCF) turnaround Package Services mail accepted at...

2010-07-01

154

7 CFR 4284.931 - Application package.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Application package. 4284.931 Section 4284.931 ...for A Grant § 4284.931 Application package. All applicants are required to submit an application package that is comprised of the elements in...

2013-01-01

155

39 CFR 121.4 - Package Services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Package Services. 121.4 Section 121...MARKET-DOMINANT MAIL PRODUCTS § 121.4 Package Services. (a) End-to-End...Center Facility (SCF) turnaround Package Services mail accepted at...

2012-07-01

156

49 CFR 173.411 - Industrial packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Type IP-2), and Industrial Package Type 3 (Type IP-3). (b) Industrial package certification...each offeror of an industrial package must maintain...documentation of tests and an engineering evaluation or...

2014-10-01

157

7 CFR 33.6 - Package.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMODITY STANDARDS AND STANDARD CONTAINER REGULATIONS REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Definitions § 33.6 Package. Package means any container of...

2011-01-01

158

7 CFR 33.6 - Package.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMODITY STANDARDS AND STANDARD CONTAINER REGULATIONS REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Definitions § 33.6 Package. Package means any container of...

2010-01-01

159

7 CFR 33.6 - Package.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMODITY STANDARDS AND STANDARD CONTAINER REGULATIONS REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Definitions § 33.6 Package. Package means any container of...

2014-01-01

160

7 CFR 33.6 - Package.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMODITY STANDARDS AND STANDARD CONTAINER REGULATIONS REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Definitions § 33.6 Package. Package means any container of...

2012-01-01

161

7 CFR 33.6 - Package.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMODITY STANDARDS AND STANDARD CONTAINER REGULATIONS REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Definitions § 33.6 Package. Package means any container of...

2013-01-01

162

In-Package Chemistry Abstraction  

SciTech Connect

This report was developed in accordance with the requirements in ''Technical Work Plan for: Regulatory Integration Modeling and Analysis of the Waste Form and Waste Package'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 171583]). The purpose of the in-package chemistry model is to predict the bulk chemistry inside of a breached waste package and to provide simplified expressions of that chemistry as function of time after breach to Total Systems Performance Assessment for the License Application (TSPA-LA). The scope of this report is to describe the development and validation of the in-package chemistry model. The in-package model is a combination of two models, a batch reactor model that uses the EQ3/6 geochemistry-modeling tool, and a surface complexation model that is applied to the results of the batch reactor model. The batch reactor model considers chemical interactions of water with the waste package materials and the waste form for commercial spent nuclear fuel (CSNF) waste packages and codisposed waste packages that contain both high-level waste glass (HLWG) and DOE spent fuel. The surface complexation model includes the impact of fluid-surface interactions (i.e., surface complexation) on the resulting fluid composition. The model examines two types of water influx: (1) the condensation of water vapor that diffuses into the waste package, and (2) seepage water that enters the waste package from the drift as a liquid. (1) Vapor Influx Case: The condensation of vapor onto the waste package internals is simulated as pure H2O and enters at a rate determined by the water vapor pressure for representative temperature and relative humidity conditions. (2) Water Influx Case: The water entering a waste package from the drift is simulated as typical groundwater and enters at a rate determined by the amount of seepage available to flow through openings in a breached waste package. TSPA-LA uses the vapor influx case for the nominal scenario for simulations where the waste package has been breached but the drip shield remains intact, so all of the seepage flow is diverted from the waste package. The chemistry from the vapor influx case is used to determine the stability of colloids and the solubility of radionuclides available for transport by diffusion, and to determine the degradation rates for the waste forms. TSPA-LA uses the water influx case for the seismic scenario, where the waste package has been breached and the drip shield has been damaged such that seepage flow is actually directed into the waste package. The chemistry from the water influx case that is a function of the flow rate is used to determine the stability of colloids and the solubility of radionuclides available for transport by diffusion and advection, and to determine the degradation rates for the CSNF and HLW glass. TSPA-LA does not use this model for the igneous scenario. Outputs from the in-package chemistry model implemented inside TSPA-LA include pH, ionic strength, and total carbonate concentration. These inputs to TSPA-LA will be linked to the following principle factors: dissolution rates of the CSNF and HLWG, dissolved concentrations of radionuclides, and colloid generation.

E. Thomas

2004-11-09

163

Laser Welding in Electronic Packaging  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The laser has proven its worth in numerous high reliability electronic packaging applications ranging from medical to missile electronics. In particular, the pulsed YAG laser is an extremely flexible and versatile too] capable of hermetically sealing microelectronics packages containing sensitive components without damaging them. This paper presents an overview of details that must be considered for successful use of laser welding when addressing electronic package sealing. These include; metallurgical considerations such as alloy and plating selection, weld joint configuration, design of optics, use of protective gases and control of thermal distortions. The primary limitations on use of laser welding electronic for packaging applications are economic ones. The laser itself is a relatively costly device when compared to competing welding equipment. Further, the cost of consumables and repairs can be significant. These facts have relegated laser welding to use only where it presents a distinct quality or reliability advantages over other techniques of electronic package sealing. Because of the unique noncontact and low heat inputs characteristics of laser welding, it is an ideal candidate for sealing electronic packages containing MEMS devices (microelectromechanical systems). This paper addresses how the unique advantages of the pulsed YAG laser can be used to simplify MEMS packaging and deliver a product of improved quality.

2000-01-01

164

Naval Waste Package Design Sensitivity  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this calculation is to determine the sensitivity of the structural response of the Naval waste packages to varying inner cavity dimensions when subjected to a comer drop and tip-over from elevated surface. This calculation will also determine the sensitivity of the structural response of the Naval waste packages to the upper bound of the naval canister masses. The scope of this document is limited to reporting the calculation results in terms of through-wall stress intensities in the outer corrosion barrier. This calculation is intended for use in support of the preliminary design activities for the license application design of the Naval waste package. It examines the effects of small changes between the naval canister and the inner vessel, and in these dimensions, the Naval Long waste package and Naval Short waste package are similar. Therefore, only the Naval Long waste package is used in this calculation and is based on the proposed potential designs presented by the drawings and sketches in References 2.1.10 to 2.1.17 and 2.1.20. All conclusions are valid for both the Naval Long and Naval Short waste packages.

T. Schmitt

2006-12-13

165

BAR PACKAGES Standard Bar Package Price Liquor Beer/Wine  

E-print Network

Select Wine Bacardi Select Local Bar Package Price 1-2 hours $28/person North Shore Vodka ­ Lake Bluff, 3 hours $33/person North Shore Gin 6 ­ Lake Bluff, IL 4 hours $38/person Koval Lion's Pride Whiskey

Westneat, Mark W.

166

Safety evaluation for packaging (onsite) concrete-lined waste packaging  

SciTech Connect

The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory developed a package to ship Type A, non-transuranic, fissile excepted quantities of liquid or solid radioactive material and radioactive mixed waste to the Central Waste Complex for storage on the Hanford Site.

Romano, T.

1997-09-25

167

Packaging Considerations for Biopreservation  

PubMed Central

Summary The packaging system chosen for biopreservation is critical for many reasons. An ideal biopreservation container system must provide for closure integrity, sample stability and ready access to the preserved material. This means the system needs to be hermetically sealed to ensure integrity of the specimen is maintained throughout processing, storage and distribution; the system must remain stable over long periods of time as many biobanked samples may be stored indefinitely; and functionally closed access systems must be used to avoid contamination upon sample withdraw. This study reviews the suitability of a new commercially available vial configuration container utilizing blood bag style closure and access systems that can be hermetically sealed and remain stable through cryopreservation and biobanking procedures. This vial based systems allow for current good manufacturing/tissue practice (cGTP) requirements during processing of samples and may provide the benefit of ease of delivery by a care giver. In this study, the CellSeal® closed system cryovial was evaluated and compared to standard screw cap vials. The CellSeal system was evaluated for durability, closure integrity through transportation and maintenance of functional viability of a cryopreserved mesenchymal stem cell model. The results of this initial proof-of-concept study indicated that the CellSeal vials are highly suitable for biopreservation and biobanking, and provide a suitable container system for clinical and commercial cell therapy products frozen in small volumes. PMID:21566715

Woods, Erik J.; Thirumala, Sreedhar

2011-01-01

168

Tropical Synoptic Meteorology Curriculum Package  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Tropical Synoptic Meteorology Curriculum Package is a university-level, online meteorology course package. It is freely available to interested institutions that are expanding their course offerings, particularly their online offerings. The course fulfills the synoptic and mesoscale meteorology requirements for the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Basic Instruction Package for Meteorology (BIP-M), but with an emphasis on the tropics to provide focus for those working or planning to work in tropical regions. The course utilizes existing and newly developed resources, including the online textbook, Introduction to Tropical Meteorology (http://www.meted.ucar.edu/tropical/textbook_2nd_edition/). The course package includes an instructor’s guide and model syllabus with learning objectives, free online instructional resources, introductory slides for faculty use, case examples, questions for review or discussion, student assignments, quizzes, learning activities, and guidance for online course delivery. All materials are made available in Google Docs format for downloading and customizing.

2014-09-14

169

Evaluating Packaged Steam Generator Designs  

E-print Network

Packaged Steam generators are the workhorses of process and cogeneration plants. An understanding of their design and performance aspects helps plant engineers, consultants and potential buyers evaluate various options from different vendors more...

Ganapathy, V.

170

Packaging Review Guide for Reviewing Safety Analysis Reports for Packagings  

SciTech Connect

This Packaging Review Guide (PRG) provides guidance for Department of Energy (DOE) review and approval of packagings to transport fissile and Type B quantities of radioactive material. It fulfills, in part, the requirements of DOE Order 460.1B for the Headquarters Certifying Official to establish standards and to provide guidance for the preparation of Safety Analysis Reports for Packagings (SARPs). This PRG is intended for use by the Headquarters Certifying Official and his or her review staff, DOE Secretarial offices, operations/field offices, and applicants for DOE packaging approval. This PRG is generally organized at the section level in a format similar to that recommended in Regulatory Guide 7.9 (RG 7.9). One notable exception is the addition of Section 9 (Quality Assurance), which is not included as a separate chapter in RG 7.9. Within each section, this PRG addresses the technical and regulatory bases for the review, the manner in which the review is accomplished, and findings that are generally applicable for a package that meets the approval standards. This Packaging Review Guide (PRG) provides guidance for DOE review and approval of packagings to transport fissile and Type B quantities of radioactive material. It fulfills, in part, the requirements of DOE O 460.1B for the Headquarters Certifying Official to establish standards and to provide guidance for the preparation of Safety Analysis Reports for Packagings (SARPs). This PRG is intended for use by the Headquarters Certifying Official and his review staff, DOE Secretarial offices, operations/field offices, and applicants for DOE packaging approval. The primary objectives of this PRG are to: (1) Summarize the regulatory requirements for package approval; (2) Describe the technical review procedures by which DOE determines that these requirements have been satisfied; (3) Establish and maintain the quality and uniformity of reviews; (4) Define the base from which to evaluate proposed changes in scope and requirements of reviews; and (5) Provide the above information to DOE organizations, contractors, other government agencies, and interested members of the general public. This PRG was originally published in September 1987. Revision 1, issued in October 1988, added new review sections on quality assurance and penetrations through the containment boundary, along with a few other items. Revision 2 was published October 1999. Revision 3 of this PRG is a complete update, and supersedes Revision 2 in its entirety.

DiSabatino, A; Biswas, D; DeMicco, M; Fisher, L E; Hafner, R; Haslam, J; Mok, G; Patel, C; Russell, E

2007-04-12

171

Designing a Package that Works  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Student teams act as engineers and brainstorm, design, create and test their ideas for packaging to protect a raw egg shipped in a 9 x 12-in envelope. They follow the steps of the engineering design process and aim for a successful solution with no breakage, low weight, minimal materials and recyled/reused materials. Students come to understand the multi-faceted engineering considerations associated with the packaging of items to preserve, market and safely transport goods.

Making the Connection, Women in Engineering Programs and Advocates Network (WEPAN) ,

172

CompHEP/SUSY package  

E-print Network

The CompHEP software package allows the evaluation of cross section and decays of elementary particles with a high level of automation. Arbitrary tree levelp rocesses can be calculated starting from the set of vertices prescribed by a given physical model. This note describes the details of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) implementation in the CompHEP package, and the notation for the particles and parameters of the MSSM in CompHEP.

A. Semenov

2002-05-02

173

FDCSUSYDecay: A MSSM Decay package  

E-print Network

FDCSUSYDecay is a FORTRAN program package generated by FDC (Feynman Diagram Calculation) system fully automatically. It is dedicated to calculate at tree-level all the possible 2-body decays of SUSY and Higgs particles in the Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM). The format of its output files complies with SUSY Les Houches Accord and can be easily imported by other packages.

Wei Qi; Jian-Xiong Wang

2006-12-01

174

The geometry package Hideo UMEKI  

E-print Network

The geometry package Hideo UMEKI hideo.umeki@toshiba.co.jp 2002/07/08 v3.2 Abstract This package and bottom margins) to 2cm from each edge of the paper, what you need is just \\usepackage[margin=2cm]{geometry}. Contents 1 Preface to Version 3 1 2 Introduction 2 3 Page Geometry 3 3.1 Layout Dimensions . . . . . . . 3

Mintmire, John W.

175

27 CFR 20.180 - Record of packages filled.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Record of packages filled. 20.180 ...20.180 Record of packages filled. (a) Requirement...a record when filling packages with specially denatured...packages filled; (2) Package identification...

2011-04-01

176

27 CFR 20.180 - Record of packages filled.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Record of packages filled. 20.180 ...20.180 Record of packages filled. (a) Requirement...a record when filling packages with specially denatured...packages filled; (2) Package identification...

2010-04-01

177

27 CFR 20.180 - Record of packages filled.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 false Record of packages filled. 20.180 ...20.180 Record of packages filled. (a) Requirement...a record when filling packages with specially denatured...packages filled; (2) Package identification...

2014-04-01

178

27 CFR 20.180 - Record of packages filled.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false Record of packages filled. 20.180 ...20.180 Record of packages filled. (a) Requirement...a record when filling packages with specially denatured...packages filled; (2) Package identification...

2012-04-01

179

27 CFR 20.180 - Record of packages filled.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Record of packages filled. 20.180 ...20.180 Record of packages filled. (a) Requirement...a record when filling packages with specially denatured...packages filled; (2) Package identification...

2013-04-01

180

Think INSIDE the Box: Package Engineering  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most products people purchase, keep in their homes, and often discard, are typically packaged in some way. Packaging is so prevalent in daily lives that many of take it for granted. That is by design-the expectation of good packaging is that it exists for the sake of the product. The primary purposes of any package (to contain, inform, display,…

Snyder, Mark; Painter, Donna

2014-01-01

181

Research on Green Packaging of Circular Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The circular economy is the resource recycling economy, is the economy of harmonious development between economy and environment, also a kind of ecological economy. Circular economy demands that enterprises' logistics activities be green logistics packaging. The green packaging aims at improving the packing materials reuse, reducing resource consumption and lowering packaging waste pollution to the environment. Implementing green logistics packaging,

Zhang Guirong; Li Dehua; Wang Zhiping; Ma Chenglin

2010-01-01

182

27 CFR 19.360 - Filling packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false Filling packages. 19.360 Section 19...Products § 19.360 Filling packages. A proprietor may draw spirits into packages from a tank meeting the...details of the gauge on a package gauge record as...

2012-04-01

183

ASSISTANT PROFESSOR (SEMI-RIGID PLASTIC PACKAGING)  

E-print Network

ASSISTANT PROFESSOR (SEMI-RIGID PLASTIC PACKAGING) IN FOOD, NUTRITION, & PACKAGING SCIENCES The Department of Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences at Clemson University is seeking an Assistant Professor/rigid plastics packaging. The successful candidate will be responsible for teaching undergraduate and graduate

Stuart, Steven J.

184

27 CFR 19.360 - Filling packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Filling packages. 19.360 Section 19...Products § 19.360 Filling packages. A proprietor may draw spirits into packages from a tank meeting the...details of the gauge on a package gauge record as...

2013-04-01

185

27 CFR 19.360 - Filling packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 false Filling packages. 19.360 Section 19...Products § 19.360 Filling packages. A proprietor may draw spirits into packages from a tank meeting the...details of the gauge on a package gauge record as...

2014-04-01

186

27 CFR 19.360 - Filling packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Filling packages. 19.360 Section 19...Products § 19.360 Filling packages. A proprietor may draw spirits into packages from a tank meeting the...details of the gauge on a package gauge record as...

2011-04-01

187

49 CFR 173.411 - Industrial packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...containers may be used as Industrial packages Types 2 or 3 (Type...containers may also be used as Industrial package Type 2 or 3 (Type...packagings, each offeror of an industrial package must maintain on...documentation of tests and an engineering evaluation or...

2013-10-01

188

49 CFR 173.411 - Industrial packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...containers may be used as Industrial packages Types 2 or 3 (Type...containers may also be used as Industrial package Type 2 or 3 (Type...packagings, each offeror of an industrial package must maintain on...documentation of tests and an engineering evaluation or...

2012-10-01

189

49 CFR 173.411 - Industrial packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...containers may be used as Industrial packages Types 2 or 3 (Type...containers may also be used as Industrial package Type 2 or 3 (Type...packagings, each offeror of an industrial package must maintain on...documentation of tests and an engineering evaluation or...

2011-10-01

190

49 CFR 173.411 - Industrial packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...containers may be used as Industrial packages Types 2 or 3 (Type...containers may also be used as Industrial package Type 2 or 3 (Type...packagings, each offeror of an industrial package must maintain on...documentation of tests and an engineering evaluation or...

2010-10-01

191

Green Packaging Management of Logistics Enterprises  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

From the connotation of green logistics management, we discuss the principles of green packaging, and from the two levels of government and enterprises, we put forward a specific management strategy. The management of green packaging can be directly and indirectly promoted by laws, regulations, taxation, institutional and other measures. The government can also promote new investment to the development of green packaging materials, and establish specialized institutions to identify new packaging materials, standardization of packaging must also be accomplished through the power of the government. Business units of large scale through the packaging and container-based to reduce the use of packaging materials, develop and use green packaging materials and easy recycling packaging materials for proper packaging.

Zhang, Guirong; Zhao, Zongjian

192

Thoro Recognized for Creating Award-Winning Packaging Paperboard Packaging Council honors Thoro with special award  

E-print Network

Thoro Recognized for Creating Award-Winning Packaging Paperboard Packaging Council honors Thoro Packaging Competition were honored in Dallas this week. Thoro Packaging earned two awards this year; a Gold that the judges decided to honor an exceptional example of paperboard packaging with a special Judges' Award

de Lijser, Peter

193

16 CFR 503.6 - Packagers' duty to withhold availability of packages imprinted with retail sale price...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...withhold availability of packages imprinted with retail...withhold availability of packages imprinted with retail...labeler will not make packages marked with retail...special packaging or special package sizes bearing...

2012-01-01

194

16 CFR 503.6 - Packagers' duty to withhold availability of packages imprinted with retail sale price...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...withhold availability of packages imprinted with retail...withhold availability of packages imprinted with retail...labeler will not make packages marked with retail...special packaging or special package sizes bearing...

2011-01-01

195

16 CFR 503.6 - Packagers' duty to withhold availability of packages imprinted with retail sale price...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...withhold availability of packages imprinted with retail...withhold availability of packages imprinted with retail...labeler will not make packages marked with retail...special packaging or special package sizes bearing...

2014-01-01

196

16 CFR 503.6 - Packagers' duty to withhold availability of packages imprinted with retail sale price...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...withhold availability of packages imprinted with retail...withhold availability of packages imprinted with retail...labeler will not make packages marked with retail...special packaging or special package sizes bearing...

2010-01-01

197

16 CFR 503.6 - Packagers' duty to withhold availability of packages imprinted with retail sale price...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...withhold availability of packages imprinted with retail...withhold availability of packages imprinted with retail...labeler will not make packages marked with retail...special packaging or special package sizes bearing...

2013-01-01

198

Rapid Active Sampling Package  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A field-deployable, battery-powered Rapid Active Sampling Package (RASP), originally designed for sampling strong materials during lunar and planetary missions, shows strong utility for terrestrial geological use. The technology is proving to be simple and effective for sampling and processing materials of strength. Although this originally was intended for planetary and lunar applications, the RASP is very useful as a powered hand tool for geologists and the mining industry to quickly sample and process rocks in the field on Earth. The RASP allows geologists to surgically acquire samples of rock for later laboratory analysis. This tool, roughly the size of a wrench, allows the user to cut away swaths of weathering rinds, revealing pristine rock surfaces for observation and subsequent sampling with the same tool. RASPing deeper (.3.5 cm) exposes single rock strata in-situ. Where a geologist fs hammer can only expose unweathered layers of rock, the RASP can do the same, and then has the added ability to capture and process samples into powder with particle sizes less than 150 microns, making it easier for XRD/XRF (x-ray diffraction/x-ray fluorescence). The tool uses a rotating rasp bit (or two counter-rotating bits) that resides inside or above the catch container. The container has an open slot to allow the bit to extend outside the container and to allow cuttings to enter and be caught. When the slot and rasp bit are in contact with a substrate, the bit is plunged into it in a matter of seconds to reach pristine rock. A user in the field may sample a rock multiple times at multiple depths in minutes, instead of having to cut out huge, heavy rock samples for transport back to a lab for analysis. Because of the speed and accuracy of the RASP, hundreds of samples can be taken in one day. RASP-acquired samples are small and easily carried. A user can characterize more area in less time than by using conventional methods. The field-deployable RASP used a Ni/Cad rechargeable battery. Power usage was less than 1 Wh/ cm3 even when sampling strong basalts, so many samples could be taken on a single battery charge.

Peters, Gregory

2010-01-01

199

The reduction of packaging waste  

SciTech Connect

Nationwide, packaging waste comprises approximately one-third of the waste disposed in sanitary landfills. the US Department of Energy (DOE) generated close to 90,000 metric tons of sanitary waste. With roughly one-third of that being packaging waste, approximately 30,000 metric tons are generated per year. The purpose of the Reduction of Packaging Waste project was to investigate opportunities to reduce this packaging waste through source reduction and recycling. The project was divided into three areas: procurement, onsite packaging and distribution, and recycling. Waste minimization opportunities were identified and investigated within each area, several of which were chosen for further study and small-scale testing at the Hanford Site. Test results, were compiled into five ``how-to`` recipes for implementation at other sites. The subject of the recipes are as follows: (1) Vendor Participation Program; (2) Reusable Containers System; (3) Shrink-wrap System -- Plastic and Corrugated Cardboard Waste Reduction; (4) Cardboard Recycling ; and (5) Wood Recycling.

Raney, E.A.; Hogan, J.J.; McCollom, M.L.; Meyer, R.J.

1994-04-01

200

Reference waste package environment report  

SciTech Connect

One of three candidate repository sites for high-level radioactive waste packages is located at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, in rhyolitic tuff 700 to 1400 ft above the static water table. Calculations indicate that the package environment will experience a maximum temperature of {similar_to}230{sup 0}C at 9 years after emplacement. For the next 300 years the rock within 1 m of the waste packages will remain dehydrated. Preliminary results suggest that the waste package radiation field will have very little effect on the mechanical properties of the rock. Radiolysis products will have a negligible effect on the rock even after rehydration. Unfractured specimens of repository rock show no change in hydrologic characteristics during repeated dehydration-rehydration cycles. Fractured samples with initially high permeabilities show a striking permeability decrease during dehydration-rehydration cycling, which may be due to fracture healing via deposition of silica. Rock-water interaction studies demonstrate low and benign levels of anions and most cations. The development of sorptive secondary phases such as zeolites and clays suggests that anticipated rock-water interaction may produce beneficial changes in the package environment.

Glassley, W.E.

1986-10-01

201

Package for integrated optic circuit and method  

DOEpatents

A structure and method are disclosed for packaging an integrated optic circuit. The package comprises a first wall having a plurality of microlenses formed therein to establish channels of optical communication with an integrated optic circuit within the package. A first registration pattern is provided on an inside surface of one of the walls of the package for alignment and attachment of the integrated optic circuit. The package in one embodiment may further comprise a fiber holder for aligning and attaching a plurality of optical fibers to the package and extending the channels of optical communication to the fibers outside the package. In another embodiment, a fiber holder may be used to hold the fibers and align the fibers to the package. The fiber holder may be detachably connected to the package. 6 figs.

Kravitz, S.H.; Hadley, G.R.; Warren, M.E.; Carson, R.F.; Armendariz, M.G.

1998-08-04

202

Package for integrated optic circuit and method  

DOEpatents

A structure and method for packaging an integrated optic circuit. The package comprises a first wall having a plurality of microlenses formed therein to establish channels of optical communication with an integrated optic circuit within the package. A first registration pattern is provided on an inside surface of one of the walls of the package for alignment and attachment of the integrated optic circuit. The package in one embodiment may further comprise a fiber holder for aligning and attaching a plurality of optical fibers to the package and extending the channels of optical communication to the fibers outside the package. In another embodiment, a fiber holder may be used to hold the fibers and align the fibers to the package. The fiber holder may be detachably connected to the package.

Kravitz, Stanley H. (26 Aspen Rd., Placitas, NM 87043); Hadley, G. Ronald (6012 Annapolis NE., Albuquerque, NM 87111); Warren, Mial E. (3825 Mary Ellen NE., Albuquerque, NM 87111); Carson, Richard F. (1036 Jewel Pl. NE., Albuquerque, NM 87123); Armendariz, Marcelino G. (1023 Oro Real NE., Albuquerque, NM 87123)

1998-01-01

203

Holiday Packages on the Web  

E-print Network

. The tourism industry has reported dramatic changes in its structure over the last few years, not least due to the emerge of the Internet. Among others, tourists want to find products which are tailored to their personal needs in a minimum of time, without having to navigate through all the products offered by the tourism information system. Thus, from the tourism information suppliers point of view, one major requirement for effective tourism information systems is to support both, the production and distribution of individually tailored holiday packages. This paper focuses on the holiday package facility as realized in TIScover [TISc98a], the largest Austrian Webbased tourism information system. In TIScover, holiday packages can not only be assembled and maintained directly by tourism information suppliers but also easily retrieved, further customized and finally booked online by the tourist. 1 Introduction For many years, tourists have had access to computerized tourism informatio...

B. Pröll; W. Retschitzegger; R.R. Wagner

204

Flexible packaging for PV modules  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Economic, flexible packages that provide needed level of protection to organic and some other PV cells over >25-years have not yet been developed. However, flexible packaging is essential in niche large-scale applications. Typical configuration used in flexible photovoltaic (PV) module packaging is transparent frontsheet/encapsulant/PV cells/flexible substrate. Besides flexibility of various components, the solder bonds should also be flexible and resistant to fatigue due to cyclic loading. Flexible front sheets should provide optical transparency, mechanical protection, scratch resistance, dielectric isolation, water resistance, UV stability and adhesion to encapsulant. Examples are Tefzel, Tedlar and Silicone. Dirt can get embedded in soft layers such as silicone and obscure light. Water vapor transmittance rate (WVTR) of polymer films used in the food packaging industry as moisture barriers are ~0.05 g/(m2.day) under ambient conditions. In comparison, light emitting diodes employ packaging components that have WVTR of ~10-6 g/(m2.day). WVTR of polymer sheets can be improved by coating them with dense inorganic/organic multilayers. Ethylene vinyl acetate, an amorphous copolymer used predominantly by the PV industry has very high O2 and H2O diffusivity. Quaternary carbon chains (such as acetate) in a polymer lead to cleavage and loss of adhesional strength at relatively low exposures. Reactivity of PV module components increases in presence of O2 and H2O. Adhesional strength degrades due to the breakdown of structure of polymer by reactive, free radicals formed by high-energy radiation. Free radical formation in polymers is reduced when the aromatic rings are attached at regular intervals. This paper will review flexible packaging for PV modules.

Dhere, Neelkanth G.

2008-08-01

205

Designing Intelligent Agents Tutorial 1: Java Agent Package  

E-print Network

G54DIA: Designing Intelligent Agents Tutorial 1: Java Agent Package Brian Logan School of Computer package(s) · agent toolkits · uk.ac.nott.cs.g54dia Java agent packages ­library package ­demo package © Brian Logan 2013 G54DIA Tutorial 1: Java Agent Package 2 #12;Implementing your agent · many agent

Logan, Brian

206

Truss Performance and Packaging Metrics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the present paper a set of performance metrics are derived from first principals to assess the efficiency of competing space truss structural concepts in terms of mass, stiffness, and strength, for designs that are constrained by packaging. The use of these performance metrics provides unique insight into the primary drivers for lowering structural mass and packaging volume as well as enabling quantitative concept performance evaluation and comparison. To demonstrate the use of these performance metrics, data for existing structural concepts are plotted and discussed. Structural performance data is presented for various mechanical deployable concepts, for erectable structures, and for rigidizable structures.

Mikulas, Martin M.; Collins, Timothy J.; Doggett, William; Dorsey, John; Watson, Judith

2006-01-01

207

pysynphot: Synthetic photometry software package  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

pysynphot is a synthetic photometry software package suitable for either library or interactive use. Intended as a modern-language successor to the IRAF/STSDAS synphot package, it provides improved algorithms that address known shortcomings in synphot, and its object-oriented design is more easily extensible than synphot's task-oriented approach. It runs under PyRAF, and a backwards compatibility mode is provided that recognizes all spectral and throughput tables, obsmodes, and spectral expressions used by synphot, to facilitate the transition for legacy code.

STScI development Team

2013-03-01

208

GNS-12 Packaging design criteria  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Packaging Design Criteria (PDC) is to provide criteria for the Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP)(Onsite). The SARP provides the evaluation to demonstrate that the onsite transportation safety criteria are met for the transport and storage of the 324 Building vitrified encapsulated material in the GNS-12 cask. In this application, the approved PDC provides a formal set of standards for the payload requirements, and guidance for the current cask transport configuration and a revised storage seal and primary lid modification design.

Clements, E.P., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-07-24

209

49 CFR 173.40 - General packaging requirements for toxic materials packaged in cylinders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...General packaging requirements for toxic materials packaged in cylinders. 173.40...Transportation PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION HAZARDOUS MATERIALS REGULATIONS...

2012-10-01

210

49 CFR 173.40 - General packaging requirements for toxic materials packaged in cylinders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...General packaging requirements for toxic materials packaged in cylinders. 173.40...Transportation PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION HAZARDOUS MATERIALS REGULATIONS...

2013-10-01

211

49 CFR 173.40 - General packaging requirements for toxic materials packaged in cylinders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...General packaging requirements for toxic materials packaged in cylinders. 173.40...Transportation PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION HAZARDOUS MATERIALS REGULATIONS...

2011-10-01

212

49 CFR 173.40 - General packaging requirements for toxic materials packaged in cylinders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...General packaging requirements for toxic materials packaged in cylinders. 173.40...Transportation PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION HAZARDOUS MATERIALS REGULATIONS...

2014-10-01

213

Hanford Site radioactive hazardous materials packaging directory  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Site Radioactive Hazardous Materials Packaging Directory (RHMPD) provides information concerning packagings owned or routinely leased by Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) for offsite shipments or onsite transfers of hazardous materials. Specific information is provided for selected packagings including the following: general description; approval documents/specifications (Certificates of Compliance and Safety Analysis Reports for Packaging); technical information (drawing numbers and dimensions); approved contents; areas of operation; and general information. Packaging Operations & Development (PO&D) maintains the RHMPD and may be contacted for additional information or assistance in obtaining referenced documentation or assistance concerning packaging selection, availability, and usage.

McCarthy, T.L.

1995-12-01

214

DATACUBE: A datacube manipulation package  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

DATACUBE is a command-line package for manipulating and visualizing data cubes. It was designed for integral field spectroscopy but has been extended to be a generic data cube tool, used in particular for sub-millimeter data cubes from the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope. It is part of the Starlink software collection (ascl:1110.012).

Allan, Alasdair; Currie, Malcolm J.

2014-05-01

215

IPM packages deliver food security  

E-print Network

IPM packages deliver food security For the past 5 years IPM CRSP researchers have been developing living in poverty in Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and the surrounding area. Ecologically-based IPM to resist late blight as well as insect pests and nematodes (Globodera spp.). Biological control Potato seed

216

Functionality in Digital Packaging Printing  

Microsoft Academic Search

More than ten years ago, the first digital print units were introduced on the market and since then, the technology has developed rapidly. Today there is an interest in trying digital printing also for packages. Digital printing on paperboard may, however, require slightly different criteria than digital printing on paper, due to different characteristics. A very important factor in the

Veronica Gidlöf; Johan Granås; Monica Dahlström

217

The sverb* package Mark Wooding  

E-print Network

.1 Simple things . . . . . . . 6 New Programs . . . . . . 22 1 User guide The sverb package provides some useful commands and environments for doing things with verbatim text. I prefer this code'* *ve tidied it when I've seen the code get too ugly. The current features are: o A `listing

Mintmire, John W.

218

Broadband characterization of package dielectrics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Testing of microelectronic package dielectric material samples using direct capacitance measurements with impedance tester equipment is typically limited to frequencies helow 1 GHz. To overcome this limitation we explore the use of a general-purpose vector network analyzer (VNA) for obtaining S parameters of \\

Henning Braunisch; Dong-Ho Han

2003-01-01

219

Food Nanotechnology - Food Packaging Applications  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Astonishing growth in the market for nanofoods is predicted in the future, from the current market of $2.6 billion to $20.4 billion in 2010. The market for nanotechnology in food packaging alone is expected to reach $360 million in 2008. In large part, the impetus for this predicted growth is the ...

220

The euler package Frank Jensen*  

E-print Network

entering the manuscript, since the package will cause, e.g., math numerals to come from the Euler Roman fonts; these numerals are easily distinguished from the normal text numerals. This implies that sloppy Euler Roman letters and digits. Another way to get bold symbols is to use the \\boldsymbol command

Mintmire, John W.

221

Food Nanotechnology: Food Packaging Applications  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Astonishing growth in the market for nanofoods is predicted in the future, from the current market of $2.6 billion to $20.4 billion in 2010. The market for nanotechnology in food packaging alone is expected to reach $360 million in 2008. In large part the impetus for this predicted growth is the e...

222

The dcolumn package* David Carlisle  

E-print Network

are to be aligned on a `decimal point'. This package defines D to be a column specifier with three arguments. D>should be the maximum number of decimal places in the column. If this is negative, any number of decimal places can the number of decimal places, and the .tex file should use ., with . being used in the output. \

223

FDCSUSYDecay: An MSSM decay package  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

FDCSUSYDecay is a FORTRAN program package generated by FDC (Feynman Diagram Calculation) system fully automatically. It is dedicated to calculate at tree-level all the possible 2-body decays of SUSY and Higgs particles in the Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM). The format of its output files complies with SUSY Les Houches Accord and can be easily imported by other packages. Program summaryManuscript title:FDCSUSYDecay: An MSSM decay package Authors:Wei Qi, Jian-xiong Wang Program title:FDCSUSYDecay (Version 1.00) Catalogue identifier:ADYV_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/ADYV_v1_0.html Program obtainable from:CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions:Standard CPC licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.:22 008 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.:622 751 Distribution format:tar.gz Programming language:FORTRAN 77 Operating system:Linux Keywords:SUSY decay, MSSM, FDC PACS:02.70.-c, 12.60.Jv Classification:11.1, 11.6 External routines:CERNLIB 2003 (or up) Nature of problem: This package can calculate all the possible SUSY particle and Higgs 2-body decay width and branch ratio at tree-level in the MSSM model. Solution method: By running FDC, the Feynman rules for the MSSM model are generated, all the decay widths are calculated analytically and corresponding FORTRAN codes are generated for this package. Running time: Less than 1 second for both high-scale and low-scale modes on a Pentium IV 2.4 GHz machine (512 MB memory).

Qi, Wei; Wang, Jian-xiong

2007-08-01

224

7 CFR 35.5 - Package.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...COMMODITY STANDARDS AND STANDARD CONTAINER REGULATIONS EXPORT GRAPES AND PLUMS Definitions § 35.5 Package. Package means any container of any variety of vinifera species table grapes. [41 FR 32877, Aug. 6,...

2010-01-01

225

7 CFR 35.5 - Package.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMMODITY STANDARDS AND STANDARD CONTAINER REGULATIONS EXPORT GRAPES AND PLUMS Definitions § 35.5 Package. Package means any container of any variety of vinifera species table grapes. [41 FR 32877, Aug. 6,...

2013-01-01

226

7 CFR 35.5 - Package.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...COMMODITY STANDARDS AND STANDARD CONTAINER REGULATIONS EXPORT GRAPES AND PLUMS Definitions § 35.5 Package. Package means any container of any variety of vinifera species table grapes. [41 FR 32877, Aug. 6,...

2012-01-01

227

7 CFR 35.5 - Package.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...COMMODITY STANDARDS AND STANDARD CONTAINER REGULATIONS EXPORT GRAPES AND PLUMS Definitions § 35.5 Package. Package means any container of any variety of vinifera species table grapes. [41 FR 32877, Aug. 6,...

2014-01-01

228

7 CFR 35.5 - Package.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...COMMODITY STANDARDS AND STANDARD CONTAINER REGULATIONS EXPORT GRAPES AND PLUMS Definitions § 35.5 Package. Package means any container of any variety of vinifera species table grapes. [41 FR 32877, Aug. 6,...

2011-01-01

229

27 CFR 19.584 - Packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS DISTILLED SPIRITS PLANTS Containers and Marks Containers § 19.584 Packages. Packages may be used...

2010-04-01

230

49 CFR 130.21 - Packaging requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION OIL TRANSPORTATION OIL SPILL PREVENTION AND RESPONSE PLANS § 130.21 Packaging...requirements. Each packaging used for the transportation of oil subject to this part must be designed,...

2010-10-01

231

49 CFR 130.21 - Packaging requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION OIL TRANSPORTATION OIL SPILL PREVENTION AND RESPONSE PLANS § 130.21 Packaging...requirements. Each packaging used for the transportation of oil subject to this part must be designed,...

2011-10-01

232

Packaged Grocery Foods Often High in Salt  

MedlinePLUS

... enable JavaScript. Packaged Grocery Foods Often High in Salt, Study Finds Many cold cuts, pizza, packaged meals ... 2015) Thursday, April 2, 2015 Related MedlinePlus Pages Dietary Sodium High Blood Pressure Nutrition THURSDAY, April 2, 2015 ( ...

233

Investigating packaging effects on bandgap references  

E-print Network

This thesis investigates packaging effects on precision bandgap voltage references used in LTC switching regulators. Packaging stress causes a mean offset and room temperature distribution widening of the bandgap reference ...

Palakodety, Ravi (Ravi Kiran)

2007-01-01

234

49 CFR 130.21 - Packaging requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION OIL TRANSPORTATION OIL SPILL PREVENTION AND RESPONSE PLANS § 130.21 Packaging...requirements. Each packaging used for the transportation of oil subject to this part must be designed,...

2014-10-01

235

49 CFR 130.21 - Packaging requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION OIL TRANSPORTATION OIL SPILL PREVENTION AND RESPONSE PLANS § 130.21 Packaging...requirements. Each packaging used for the transportation of oil subject to this part must be designed,...

2013-10-01

236

49 CFR 130.21 - Packaging requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION OIL TRANSPORTATION OIL SPILL PREVENTION AND RESPONSE PLANS § 130.21 Packaging...requirements. Each packaging used for the transportation of oil subject to this part must be designed,...

2012-10-01

237

OPIUM: Optimal Package Install\\/Uninstall Manager  

Microsoft Academic Search

Common Linux distributions often include package man- agement tools such asapt-get in Debian oryum in Red- Hat. Using information about package dependencies and conflicts, such tools can determine how to install a new package (and its dependencies) on a system of already in- stalled packages. Using off-the-shelf SAT solvers, pseudo- boolean solvers, and Integer Linear Programming solvers, we have developed

Chris Tucker; David Shuffelton; Ranjit Jhala; Sorin Lerner

2007-01-01

238

WASTE PACKAGING MANAGEMENT IN REPUBLIC OF CROATIA  

E-print Network

By reason of the deposit model of the Ordinance on Packaging and Packaging Waste nearly the total beverage packaging waste is collected and recovered. Collectors, transporters and recyclers are designated by the Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency Fund. Its duty is to pay for collection and transport, so the Fund is the owner of all gathered waste. The paper explains the waste packaging management system in Republic of Croatia.

Maja Rujni?-sokele; Mladen Šercer; Ana Pilipovi?

239

Pentium 4 processor package design and development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intel Pentium 4 ushered a new IA-32 architecture with a jump in performance from the previous generation microprocessors. Higher core frequency, higher bus speed and new architecture features needed very competitive package designs. The demand on packaging tu match such product performance necessitated development of new technologies. This paper describes development and implementation of package technologies for two generations of

Altaf Hasan; Ajit Sathe; Dustin Wood; Ram Viswanath

2003-01-01

240

PLAPACK: parallel linear algebra package design overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past twenty years, dense linear algebra libraries have gone through three generations of public domain general purpose packages. In the seventies, the first generation of packages were EISPACK and LINPACK, which implemented a broad spectrum of algorithms for solving dense linear eigenproblems and dense linear systems. In the late eighties, the second generation package called LAPACK was developed.

Philip Alpatov; Greg Baker; Carter Edwards; John Gunnels; Greg Morrow; James Overfelt; Robert van de Geijn; Yuan-Jye J. Wu

1997-01-01

241

Principles of Package Design Bertrand Meyer  

E-print Network

COMPUTING PRACTICES Principles of Package Design Bertrand Meyer Electricit6 de France (EDF) 1, modules, packages. General Terms:Design,Documentation,Lan- guages,Reliability. Additional Key Wordsand properties packages should offer to their users and the guidelines designers should follow in order

Meyer, Bertrand

242

PACKAGING, FILMS AND COATINGS: TECHNOLOGIES AND APPLICATIONS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

There is an increasing demand for biodegradable and compostable packaging by both industry and consumers. With the growing concern over the state of the environment and a desire to decrease the use of petroleum-based packaging, packaging from renewable resources that is produced using environmental...

243

Radiation treatment for sterilization of packaging materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

Treatment with gamma and electron radiation is becoming a common process for the sterilization of packages, mostly made of natural or synthetic plastics, used in the aseptic processing of foods and pharmaceuticals. The effect of irradiation on these materials is crucial for packaging engineering to understand the effects of these new treatments. Packaging material may be irradiated either prior to

Mohammad Haji-Saeid; Maria Helena O. Sampa; Andrzej G. Chmielewski

2007-01-01

244

Dicing of optical wafer level packages  

Microsoft Academic Search

The optical wafer level packaging, developed by Schott Advanced Packaging, consists of a Silicon wafer, comprising the optical sensors, which is bonded to a glass wafer in the very first process step to protect the sensors. The package utilizes a via through contact through the Silicon by contacting the bond pads of the image sensor from the backside. By this

Dennis Tangaha; Florian Bieck

2006-01-01

245

DEVELOPMENT OF THE BULK TRITIUM SHIPPING PACKAGING  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new radioactive shipping packaging for transporting bulk quantities of tritium, the Bulk Tritium Shipping Package (BTSP), has been designed for the Department of Energy (DOE) as a replacement for a package designed in the early 1970s. This paper summarizes significant design features and describes how the design satisfies the regulatory safety requirements of the Code of Federal Regulations and

P. Blanton; K. Eberl

2008-01-01

246

YUCCA MOUNTAIN WASTE PACKAGE CLOSURE SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect

The method selected for dealing with spent nuclear fuel in the US is to seal the fuel in waste packages and then to place them in an underground repository at the Yucca Mountain Site in Nevada. This article describes the Waste Package Closure System (WPCS) currently being designed for sealing the waste packages.

G. Housley; C. Shelton-davis; K. Skinner

2005-08-26

247

Multivariable geostatistics in S: the gstat package  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses advantages and shortcomings of the S environment for multivariable geostatistics, in particular when extended with the gstat package, an extension package for the S environments (R, S-Plus). The gstat S package provides multivariable geostatistical modelling, prediction and simulation, as well as several visualisation functions. In particular, it makes the calculation, simultaneous fitting, and visualisation of a large

Edzer J. Pebesma

2004-01-01

248

Green Packaging: A Guideline and Tools for Environmentally Sound Packaging Practices for Computer and Electronics  

E-print Network

- ager with Hewlett Packard Company. Mr. Rus- sell's role at HP is to ensure package design processes packaging is designed, managed and regulated worldwide. Executives at HP, and other technology companies packag- ing waste have been increasing. Currently, there are environmental packaging design re

Fabrikant, Sara Irina

249

2006 IEEE Electrical Performance of Electronic Packaging Efficient Modeling of Package Power Delivery Networks with  

E-print Network

* and Madhavan Swaminathan+ Kazuhide Uriu1 and Toru Yamada2 Packaging Research Centre EMC Design Group School73 2006 IEEE Electrical Performance of Electronic Packaging Efficient Modeling of Package Power are computationally expensive given the complexity of packaging structures in modern mixed signal systems. Fast

Swaminathan, Madhavan

250

78 FR 13006 - New Intelligent Mail Package Barcode Standards To Enhance Package Visibility; Opportunity for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Intelligent Mail[supreg] package barcodes (IMpb) or...a subject line of ``Package Visibility.'' Faxed...parcels on automated sorting equipment. A channel-specific...reporting. Intelligent Mail package barcodes also include...IMpb on all domestic packages via an advanced...

2013-02-26

251

49 CFR 178.910 - Marking of Large Packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...The code number designating the Large Packaging design type according to § 178.905. The letter “W” must follow the Large Packaging design type identification code on a Large Packaging when the Large Packaging differs...

2014-10-01

252

49 CFR 178.915 - General Large Packaging standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...d) A Large Packaging consisting of packagings within a framework must be so constructed that the packaging is not damaged by the framework and...framework at all times. (e) Large Packaging design types must be constructed in such...

2013-10-01

253

49 CFR 178.910 - Marking of Large Packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...The code number designating the Large Packaging design type according to § 178.905. The letter “W” must follow the Large Packaging design type identification code on a Large Packaging when the Large Packaging differs...

2013-10-01

254

49 CFR 178.910 - Marking of Large Packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...The code number designating the Large Packaging design type according to § 178.905. The letter “W” must follow the Large Packaging design type identification code on a Large Packaging when the Large Packaging differs...

2011-10-01

255

49 CFR 178.915 - General Large Packaging standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...d) A Large Packaging consisting of packagings within a framework must be so constructed that the packaging is not damaged by the framework and...framework at all times. (e) Large Packaging design types must be constructed in such...

2014-10-01

256

49 CFR 178.915 - General Large Packaging standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...d) A Large Packaging consisting of packagings within a framework must be so constructed that the packaging is not damaged by the framework and...framework at all times. (e) Large Packaging design types must be constructed in such...

2012-10-01

257

49 CFR 178.910 - Marking of Large Packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...The code number designating the Large Packaging design type according to § 178.905. The letter “W” must follow the Large Packaging design type identification code on a Large Packaging when the Large Packaging differs...

2012-10-01

258

10 CFR 71.43 - General standards for all packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...General standards for all packages. 71.43 Section...RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL Package Approval Standards ...General standards for all packages. (a) The smallest overall dimension of a package may not be less than...

2011-01-01

259

16 CFR 303.28 - Products contained in packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Products contained in packages. 303.28 Section... Products contained in packages. When textile products...marketed and delivered in a package which is intended to...textile product in the package, except hosiery,...

2011-01-01

260

42 CFR 110.46 - Amending a Request Package.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Amending a Request Package. 110.46 Section 110...Procedures for Filing Request Packages § 110.46 Amending a Request Package. (a) Generally...previously filed Request Package at any time by...

2013-10-01

261

10 CFR 71.43 - General standards for all packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...General standards for all packages. 71.43 Section...RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL Package Approval Standards ...General standards for all packages. (a) The smallest overall dimension of a package may not be less than...

2014-01-01

262

27 CFR 19.345 - Change of packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Change of packages. 19.345 Section 19...Storage Filling and Changing Packages § 19.345 Change of packages. Spirits or wines in storage may be transferred from one package to another. Except in...

2010-04-01

263

42 CFR 110.46 - Amending a Request Package.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Amending a Request Package. 110.46 Section 110...Procedures for Filing Request Packages § 110.46 Amending a Request Package. (a) Generally...previously filed Request Package at any time by...

2011-10-01

264

49 CFR 173.417 - Authorized fissile materials packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Authorized fissile materials packages. 173.417 Section...Authorized fissile materials packages. (a) Except as provided...standards for fissile material packages in 10 CFR part 71; or...this section, with each package assigned a minimum...

2013-10-01

265

27 CFR 19.591 - Package summary records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Package summary records. 19...Records § 19.591 Package summary records. ...of spirits or wine in packages that show the spirits...A proprietor may keep package records for spirits...

2013-04-01

266

49 CFR 109.5 - Opening of packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Opening of packages. 109.5 Section...109.5 Opening of packages. (a) In general...Stop movement of the package in transportation and...nature and contents of the package; (2) Open any...

2014-10-01

267

75 FR 56922 - Implementation of the Intelligent Mail Package Barcode  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...by associating each package with the appropriate...The Intelligent Mail package barcode will: Require...to aid in processing packages on automated sorting equipment. Use a...number of barcodes on a package. Permit the use...

2010-09-17

268

10 CFR 71.43 - General standards for all packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...General standards for all packages. 71.43 Section...RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL Package Approval Standards ...General standards for all packages. (a) The smallest overall dimension of a package may not be less than...

2012-01-01

269

42 CFR 110.46 - Amending a Request Package.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Amending a Request Package. 110.46 Section 110...Procedures for Filing Request Packages § 110.46 Amending a Request Package. (a) Generally...previously filed Request Package at any time by...

2014-10-01

270

20 CFR 633.307 - Packages of benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Packages of benefits. 633...Procedures § 633.307 Packages of benefits. (a...covered under a benefits package which includes retirement...be used to purchase a package of benefits...

2011-04-01

271

27 CFR 30.45 - Withdrawal gauge for packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Withdrawal gauge for packages. 30.45 Section 30.45...45 Withdrawal gauge for packages. When wooden packages are to be individually gauged...determined. The actual tare of a package shall be determined by...

2013-04-01

272

30 CFR 7.108 - Power package checklist.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Power package checklist. 7.108 Section...THIRD PARTY Diesel Power Packages Intended for Use in Areas...Required § 7.108 Power package checklist. Each diesel power package bearing an MSHA...

2011-07-01

273

30 CFR 7.108 - Power package checklist.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Power package checklist. 7.108 Section...THIRD PARTY Diesel Power Packages Intended for Use in Areas...Required § 7.108 Power package checklist. Each diesel power package bearing an MSHA...

2010-07-01

274

16 CFR 303.28 - Products contained in packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... Products contained in packages. 303.28 Section... Products contained in packages. When textile products...marketed and delivered in a package which is intended to...textile product in the package, except hosiery,...

2014-01-01

275

27 CFR 19.619 - Package gauge record.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Package gauge record. 19.619...Required Records § 19.619 Package gauge record. When...requires a proprietor to gauge packages of spirits, the proprietor must prepare a package gauge record in a...

2013-04-01

276

30 CFR 7.108 - Power package checklist.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Power package checklist. 7.108 Section...THIRD PARTY Diesel Power Packages Intended for Use in Areas...Required § 7.108 Power package checklist. Each diesel power package bearing an MSHA...

2014-07-01

277

27 CFR 30.45 - Withdrawal gauge for packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Withdrawal gauge for packages. 30.45 Section 30.45...45 Withdrawal gauge for packages. When wooden packages are to be individually gauged...determined. The actual tare of a package shall be determined by...

2011-04-01

278

27 CFR 30.45 - Withdrawal gauge for packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Withdrawal gauge for packages. 30.45 Section 30.45...45 Withdrawal gauge for packages. When wooden packages are to be individually gauged...determined. The actual tare of a package shall be determined by...

2012-04-01

279

27 CFR 19.591 - Package summary records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Package summary records. 19...Records § 19.591 Package summary records. ...of spirits or wine in packages that show the spirits...A proprietor may keep package records for spirits...

2011-04-01

280

30 CFR 7.108 - Power package checklist.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Power package checklist. 7.108 Section...THIRD PARTY Diesel Power Packages Intended for Use in Areas...Required § 7.108 Power package checklist. Each diesel power package bearing an MSHA...

2012-07-01

281

27 CFR 19.347 - Packages dumped for mingling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 false Packages dumped for mingling. 19...of Spirits § 19.347 Packages dumped for mingling. When dumping packages of spirits of less than...degrees or more of proof. Each package of spirits to be...

2010-04-01

282

49 CFR 173.417 - Authorized fissile materials packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Authorized fissile materials packages. 173.417 Section...Authorized fissile materials packages. (a) Except as provided...standards for fissile material packages in 10 CFR part 71; or...this section, with each package assigned a minimum...

2012-10-01

283

27 CFR 30.45 - Withdrawal gauge for packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Withdrawal gauge for packages. 30.45 Section 30.45...45 Withdrawal gauge for packages. When wooden packages are to be individually gauged...determined. The actual tare of a package shall be determined by...

2010-04-01

284

42 CFR 110.46 - Amending a Request Package.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Amending a Request Package. 110.46 Section 110...Procedures for Filing Request Packages § 110.46 Amending a Request Package. (a) Generally...previously filed Request Package at any time by...

2012-10-01

285

27 CFR 19.619 - Package gauge record.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Package gauge record. 19.619...Required Records § 19.619 Package gauge record. When...requires a proprietor to gauge packages of spirits, the proprietor must prepare a package gauge record in a...

2011-04-01

286

49 CFR 172.315 - Packages containing limited quantities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Packages containing limited quantities...Marking § 172.315 Packages containing limited quantities...in this subchapter, a package containing a limited quantity...a size relative to the package as to be readily...

2010-10-01

287

27 CFR 19.463 - Loss of spirits from packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... Loss of spirits from packages. 19.463 Section... Loss of spirits from packages. (a) Tampering or...theft of spirits from packages in storage unless...originally entered in the package and the quantity...

2014-04-01

288

16 CFR 303.28 - Products contained in packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Products contained in packages. 303.28 Section... Products contained in packages. When textile products...marketed and delivered in a package which is intended to...textile product in the package, except hosiery,...

2013-01-01

289

27 CFR 19.591 - Package summary records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 false Package summary records. 19...Records § 19.591 Package summary records. ...of spirits or wine in packages that show the spirits...A proprietor may keep package records for spirits...

2014-04-01

290

10 CFR 71.43 - General standards for all packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...General standards for all packages. 71.43 Section...RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL Package Approval Standards ...General standards for all packages. (a) The smallest overall dimension of a package may not be less than...

2013-01-01

291

27 CFR 19.619 - Package gauge record.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 false Package gauge record. 19.619...Required Records § 19.619 Package gauge record. When...requires a proprietor to gauge packages of spirits, the proprietor must prepare a package gauge record in a...

2014-04-01

292

49 CFR 173.415 - Authorized Type A packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... false Authorized Type A packages. 173.415 Section 173...173.415 Authorized Type A packages. The following packages are authorized for shipment...offeror of a Specification 7A package must maintain on...

2014-10-01

293

10 CFR 71.43 - General standards for all packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...General standards for all packages. 71.43 Section...RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL Package Approval Standards ...General standards for all packages. (a) The smallest overall dimension of a package may not be less than...

2010-01-01

294

27 CFR 19.619 - Package gauge record.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false Package gauge record. 19.619...Required Records § 19.619 Package gauge record. When...requires a proprietor to gauge packages of spirits, the proprietor must prepare a package gauge record in a...

2012-04-01

295

27 CFR 19.463 - Loss of spirits from packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Loss of spirits from packages. 19.463 Section... Loss of spirits from packages. (a) Tampering or...theft of spirits from packages in storage unless...originally entered in the package and the quantity...

2012-04-01

296

20 CFR 633.307 - Packages of benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false Packages of benefits. 633...Procedures § 633.307 Packages of benefits. (a...covered under a benefits package which includes retirement...be used to purchase a package of benefits...

2012-04-01

297

27 CFR 19.327 - Packages dumped for mingling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Packages dumped for mingling...Spirits § 19.327 Packages dumped for mingling...proprietor must examine each package of spirits to be dumped for mingling. If any package bears evidence of...

2013-04-01

298

27 CFR 19.591 - Package summary records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false Package summary records. 19...Records § 19.591 Package summary records. ...of spirits or wine in packages that show the spirits...A proprietor may keep package records for spirits...

2012-04-01

299

27 CFR 19.769 - Package gauge record.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Package gauge record. 19.769...Other Records § 19.769 Package gauge record. When...to document the gauge of packages of spirits and to convey information on package gauges. The following...

2010-04-01

300

16 CFR 303.28 - Products contained in packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Products contained in packages. 303.28 Section... Products contained in packages. When textile products...marketed and delivered in a package which is intended to...textile product in the package, except hosiery,...

2012-01-01

301

20 CFR 633.307 - Packages of benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Packages of benefits. 633...Procedures § 633.307 Packages of benefits. (a...covered under a benefits package which includes retirement...be used to purchase a package of benefits...

2010-04-01

302

27 CFR 19.463 - Loss of spirits from packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Loss of spirits from packages. 19.463 Section... Loss of spirits from packages. (a) Tampering or...theft of spirits from packages in storage unless...originally entered in the package and the quantity...

2011-04-01

303

27 CFR 19.563 - Loss of spirits from packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Loss of spirits from packages. 19.563 Section... Loss of spirits from packages. (a) Original quantity...denatured spirits) from any package deposited on...law, to the contents of packages entered for...

2010-04-01

304

27 CFR 19.463 - Loss of spirits from packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Loss of spirits from packages. 19.463 Section... Loss of spirits from packages. (a) Tampering or...theft of spirits from packages in storage unless...originally entered in the package and the quantity...

2013-04-01

305

30 CFR 7.108 - Power package checklist.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Power package checklist. 7.108 Section...THIRD PARTY Diesel Power Packages Intended for Use in Areas...Required § 7.108 Power package checklist. Each diesel power package bearing an MSHA...

2013-07-01

306

49 CFR 173.417 - Authorized fissile materials packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Authorized fissile materials packages. 173.417 Section...Authorized fissile materials packages. (a) Except as provided...standards for fissile material packages in 10 CFR part 71; or...shipments; or (c) A package approved by the...

2014-10-01

307

27 CFR 30.45 - Withdrawal gauge for packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Withdrawal gauge for packages. 30.45 Section 30.45...45 Withdrawal gauge for packages. When wooden packages are to be individually gauged...determined. The actual tare of a package shall be determined by...

2014-04-01

308

Design advisor for package-on-package (PoP) manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The needs to integrate devices into portable products with smaller form factor and more functionality have fueled enormous growth of 3D packaging technology. The package-on-package (PoP) is one of the 3D packaging solutions, by which the packaging and assembly houses can achieve a lower cost, faster turn benefits and testing prior to assembly. PoP is a complicated system with multi-layered

Bin Xie; Peng Sun; Daniel Shi

2008-01-01

309

RECLAMATION OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL PACKAGING COMPONENTS  

SciTech Connect

Radioactive material packages are withdrawn from use for various reasons; loss of mission, decertification, damage, replacement, etc. While the packages themselves may be decertified, various components may still be able to perform to their required standards and find useful service. The Packaging Technology and Pressurized Systems group of the Savannah River National Laboratory has been reducing the cost of producing new Type B Packagings by reclaiming, refurbishing, and returning to service the containment vessels from older decertified packagings. The program and its benefits are presented.

Abramczyk, G.; Nathan, S.; Loftin, B.; Bellamy, S.

2011-06-06

310

ARPREC: An arbitrary precision computation package  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a new software package for performing arithmetic with an arbitrarily high level of numeric precision. It is based on the earlier MPFUN package, enhanced with special IEEE floating-point numerical techniques and several new functions. This package is written in C++ code for high performance and broad portability and includes both C++ and Fortran-90 translation modules, so that conventional C++ and Fortran-90 programs can utilize the package with only very minor changes. This paper includes a survey of some of the interesting applications of this package and its predecessors.

Bailey, David H.; Yozo, Hida; Li, Xiaoye S.; Thompson, Brandon

2002-09-01

311

Challenges in the Packaging of MEMS  

SciTech Connect

The packaging of Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) is a field of great importance to anyone using or manufacturing sensors, consumer products, or military applications. Currently much work has been done in the design and fabrication of MEMS devices but insufficient research and few publications have been completed on the packaging of these devices. This is despite the fact that packaging is a very large percentage of the total cost of MEMS devices. The main difference between IC packaging and MEMS packaging is that MEMS packaging is almost always application specific and greatly affected by its environment and packaging techniques such as die handling, die attach processes, and lid sealing. Many of these aspects are directly related to the materials used in the packaging processes. MEMS devices that are functional in wafer form can be rendered inoperable after packaging. MEMS dies must be handled only from the chip sides so features on the top surface are not damaged. This eliminates most current die pick-and-place fixtures. Die attach materials are key to MEMS packaging. Using hard die attach solders can create high stresses in the MEMS devices, which can affect their operation greatly. Low-stress epoxies can be high-outgassing, which can also affect device performance. Also, a low modulus die attach can allow the die to move during ultrasonic wirebonding resulting to low wirebond strength. Another source of residual stress is the lid sealing process. Most MEMS based sensors and devices require a hermetically sealed package. This can be done by parallel seam welding the package lid, but at the cost of further induced stress on the die. Another issue of MEMS packaging is the media compatibility of the packaged device. MEMS unlike ICS often interface with their environment, which could be high pressure or corrosive. The main conclusion we can draw about MEMS packaging is that the package affects the performance and reliability of the MEMS devices. There is a gross lack of understanding between the package materials, induced stress, and the device performance. The material properties of these packaging materials are not well defined or understood. Modeling of these materials and processes is far from maturity. Current post-package yields are too low for commercial feasibility, and consumer operating environment reliability and compatibility are often difficult to simulate. With further understanding of the materials properties and behavior of the packaging materials, MEMS applications can be fully realized and integrated into countless commercial and military applications.

Malshe, A.P.; Singh, S.B.; Eaton, W.P.; O'Neal, C.; Brown, W.D.; Miller, W.M.

1999-03-26

312

Transportation and packaging resource guide  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this resource guide is to provide a convenient reference document of information that may be useful to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and DOE contractor personnel involved in packaging and transportation activities. An attempt has been made to present the terminology of DOE community usage as it currently exists. DOE`s mission is changing with emphasis on environmental cleanup. The terminology or nomenclature that has resulted from this expanded mission is included for the packaging and transportation user for reference purposes. Older terms still in use during the transition have been maintained. The Packaging and Transportation Resource Guide consists of four sections: Sect. 1, Introduction; Sect. 2, Abbreviations and Acronyms; Sect. 3, Definitions; and Sect. 4, References for packaging and transportation of hazardous materials and related activities, and Appendices A and B. Information has been collected from DOE Orders and DOE documents; U.S Department of Transportation (DOT), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) regulations; and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) standards and other international documents. The definitions included in this guide may not always be a regulatory definition but are the more common DOE usage. In addition, the definitions vary among regulatory agencies. It is, therefore, suggested that if a definition is to be used in a regulatory or a legal compliance issue, the definition should be verified with the appropriate regulation. To assist in locating definitions in the regulations, a listing of all definition sections in the regulations are included in Appendix B. In many instances, the appropriate regulatory reference is indicated in the right-hand margin.

Arendt, J.W.; Gove, R.M.; Welch, M.J.

1994-12-01

313

Microwave thawing package and method  

DOEpatents

A package for containing frozen liquids during an electromagnetic thawing process includes: a first section adapted for containing a frozen material and exposing the frozen material to electromagnetic energy; a second section adapted for receiving thawed liquid material and shielding the thawed liquid material from further exposure to electromagnetic energy; and a fluid communication means for allowing fluid flow between the first section and the second section.

Fathi, Zakaryae; Lauf, Robert J.

2004-03-16

314

Package inspection using inverse diffraction  

Microsoft Academic Search

More efficient cost-effective hand-held methods of inspecting packages without opening them are in demand for security. Recent new work in TeraHertz sources,1 millimeter waves, presents new possibilities. Millimeter waves pass through cardboard and styrofoam, common packing materials, and also pass through most materials except those with high conductivity like metals which block light and are easily spotted. Estimating refractive index

Alastair D. McAulay

2008-01-01

315

Radioactive material package seal tests  

SciTech Connect

General design or test performance requirements for radioactive materials (RAM) packages are specified in Title 10 of the US Code of Federal Regulations Part 71 (US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 1983). The requirements for Type B packages provide a broad range of environments under which the system must contain the RAM without posing a threat to health or property. Seals that provide the containment system interface between the packaging body and the closure must function in both high- and low-temperature environments under dynamic and static conditions. A seal technology program, jointly funded by the US Department of Energy Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) and the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM), was initiated at Sandia National Laboratories. Experiments were performed in this program to characterize the behavior of several static seal materials at low temperatures. Helium leak tests on face seals were used to compare the materials. Materials tested include butyl, neoprene, ethylene propylene, fluorosilicone, silicone, Eypel, Kalrez, Teflon, fluorocarbon, and Teflon/silicone composites. Because most elastomer O-ring applications are for hydraulic systems, manufacturer low-temperature ratings are based on methods that simulate this use. The seal materials tested in this program with a fixture similar to a RAM cask closure, with the exception of silicone S613-60, are not leak tight (1.0 {times} 10{sup {minus}7} std cm{sup 3}/s) at manufacturer low-temperature ratings. 8 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Madsen, M.M.; Humphreys, D.L.; Edwards, K.R.

1990-01-01

316

Auxiliary propulsion system flight package  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Hughes Aircraft Company developed qualified and integrated flight, a flight test Ion Auxiliary Propulsion System (IAPS), on an Air Force technology satellite. The IAPS Flight Package consists of two identical Thruster Subsystems and a Diagnostic Subsystem. Each thruster subsystem (TSS) is comprised of an 8-cm ion Thruster-Gimbal-Beam Shield Unit (TGBSU); Power Electronics Unit; Digital Controller and Interface Unit (DCIU); and Propellant Tank, Valve and Feed Unit (PTVFU) plus the requisite cables. The Diagnostic Subsystem (DSS) includes four types of sensors for measuring the effect of the ion thrusters on the spacecraft and the surrounding plasma. Flight qualifications of IAPS, prior to installation on the spacecraft, consisted of performance, vibration and thermal-vacuum testing at the unit level, and thermal-vacuum testing at the subsystem level. Mutual compatibility between IAPS and the host spacecraft was demonstrated during a series of performance and environmental tests after the IAPS Flight Package was installed on the spacecraft. After a spacecraft acoustic test, performance of the ion thrusters was reverified by removing the TGBSUs for a thorough performance test at Hughes Research Laboratories (HRL). The TGBSUs were then reinstalled on the spacecraft. The IAPS Flight Package is ready for flight testing when Shuttle flights are resumed.

Collett, C. R.

1987-01-01

317

Package security recorder of vibration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper introduces a new kind of electronic product — Package Security Recorder of Vibration. It utilizes STC89C54RD+ LQFP-44 MCU as its main controller. At the same time, it also utilizes Freescale MMA845A 3-Axis 8-bit/12-bit Digital Accelerometer and Maxim DS1302 Trickle Charge Timekeeping Chip. It utilizes the MCU to read the value of the accelerometer and the value of the timekeeping chip, and records the data into the inner E2PROM of MCU. The whole device achieves measuring, reading and recording the time of the vibration and the intensity of the vibration. When we need the data, we can read them out. The data can be used in analyzing the condition of the cargo when it transported. The device can be applied to monitor the security of package. It solves the problem of responsibility affirming, when the valuable cargo are damaged while it transported. It offers powerful safeguard for the package. It's very value for application.

Wang, Xiao-na; Hu, Jin-liang; Song, Shi-de

2013-08-01

318

Generalized waste package containment model  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy (DOE) is developing a performance assessment strategy to demonstrate compliance with standards and technical requirements of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) for the permanent disposal of high-level nuclear wastes in geologic repositories. One aspect of this strategy is the development of a unified performance model of the entire geologic repository system. Details of a generalized waste package containment (WPC) model and its relationship with other components of an overall repository model are presented in this paper. The WPC model provides stochastically determined estimates of the distributions of times-to-failure of the barriers of a waste package by various corrosion mechanisms and degradation processes. The model consists of a series of modules which employ various combinations of stochastic (probabilistic) and mechanistic process models, and which are individually designed to reflect the current state of knowledge. The WPC model is designed not only to take account of various site-specific conditions and processes, but also to deal with a wide range of site, repository, and waste package configurations. 11 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

Liebetrau, A.M.; Apted, M.J.

1985-02-01

319

Waste Package Design Methodology Report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this report is to describe the analytical methods and processes used by the Waste Package Design Section to establish the integrity of the various waste package designs, the emplacement pallet, and the drip shield. The scope of this report shall be the methodology used in criticality, risk-informed, shielding, source term, structural, and thermal analyses. The basic features and appropriateness of the methods are illustrated, and the processes are defined whereby input values and assumptions flow through the application of those methods to obtain designs that ensure defense-in-depth as well as satisfy requirements on system performance. Such requirements include those imposed by federal regulation, from both the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and those imposed by the Yucca Mountain Project to meet repository performance goals. The report is to be used, in part, to describe the waste package design methods and techniques to be used for producing input to the License Application Report.

D.A. Brownson

2001-09-28

320

EXAMINATION OF SHIPPING PACKAGE 9975-05050  

SciTech Connect

Shipping package 9975-05050 was examined in K-Area following its identification as a high wattage package. Elevated temperature and fiberboard moisture content are key parameters that impact the degradation rate of fiberboard within 9975 packages in a storage environment. The high wattage of this package contributes significantly to component temperatures. After examination in K-Area, the package was provided to SRNL for further examination of the fiberboard assembly. The moisture content of the fiberboard was relatively low (compared to packages examined previously), but the moisture gradient (between fiberboard ID and OD surfaces) was relatively high, as would be expected for the high heat load. The cane fiberboard appeared intact and displayed no apparent change in integrity relative to a new package.

Daugherty, W.

2014-11-06

321

Lunar Dust Analysis Package - LDAP  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Lunar Dust Analysis package (L-DAP) is a suite of payloads which have been designed to operate in synergy with each other at the Lunar Surface. The benefits of combining these payloads in a single package allow very precise measurements of a particular regolith sample. At the same time the integration allows mass savings since common resources are shared and this also means that interfaces with the Lander are simplified significantly leading to benefits of integration and development of the overall mission. Lunar Dust represents a real hazard for lunar exploration due to its invasive, fine microscopic structure and toxic properties. However it is also valuable resource which could be exploited for future exploration if the characteristics and chemical composition is well known. Scientifically, the regolith provides an insight into the moon formation process and there are areas on the Moon which have never been ex-plored before. For example the Lunar South Pole Aitken Basin is the oldest and largest on the moon, providing excavated deep crust which has not been found on the previous lunar landing missions. The SEA-led team has been designing a compact package, known as LDAP, which will provide key data on the lunar dust properties. The intention is for this package to be part of the payload suite deployed on the ESA Lunar Lander Mission in 2018. The LDAP has a centralised power and data electronics, including front end electronics for the detectors as well as sample handling subsystem for the following set of internal instruments : • Optical Microscope - with a 1?m resolution to provide context of the regolith samples • Raman and LIBS spectrographic instrumentation providing quantification of mineral and elemental composition information of the soil at close to grain scale. This includes the capability to detect (and measure abundance of) crystalline and adsorbed volatile phases, from their Raman signature. The LIBS equipment will also allow chemical identification of other ejecta in the vicinity of the Lander. • Atomic (Magnetic) Force Microscope - providing nano-scale measurement of the fine particles and presence of nanophase Fe which is potentially toxic to humans • Lenseless Microscope, a novel, low mass technology based on combining diffraction patterns derived from a laser illumination of the sample to give high resolution 3D images of the regolith presented. In this paper we cover the high level science requirements and explain how this has driven the overall package design as well as the specific payload features. The complex sample handling system which allows the co-located payloads to share rego-lith samples and be able to make physical measure-ment in the sub micron scale. The use of micro-machining and MEMS technology is covered. The paper also discusses the harsh environmental conditions at the Lunar South Pole and the impact this has on the operation and survivability of an externally mounted package. The expected performance of the whole package, including the use of LIBS under lunar vacuum conditions is also presented.

Chalkley, S. A.; Richter, L.; Goepel, M.; Sovago, M.; Pike, W. T.; Yang, S.; Rodenburg, J.; Claus, D.

2012-09-01

322

Challenges in the Packaging of MEMS  

SciTech Connect

Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) packaging is much different from conventional integrated circuit (IC) packaging. Many MEMS devices must interface to the environment in order to perform their intended function, and the package must be able to facilitate access with the environment while protecting the device. The package must also not interfere with or impede the operation of the MEMS device. The die attachment material should be low stress, and low outgassing, while also minimizing stress relaxation overtime which can lead to scale factor shifts in sensor devices. The fabrication processes used in creating the devices must be compatible with each other, and not result in damage to the devices. Many devices are application specific requiring custom packages that are not commercially available. Devices may also need media compatible packages that can protect the devices from harsh environments in which the MEMS device may operate. Techniques are being developed to handle, process, and package the devices such that high yields of functional packaged parts will result. Currently, many of the processing steps are potentially harmful to MEMS devices and negatively affect yield. It is the objective of this paper to review and discuss packaging challenges that exist for MEMS systems and to expose these issues to new audiences from the integrated circuit packaging community.

BROWN, WILLIAM D.; EATON, WILLIAM P.; MALSHE, AJAY P.; MILLER, WILLIAM M.; O'NEAL, CHAD; SINGH, SUSHILA B.

1999-09-24

323

MMIC Package for Millimeter Wave Frequency  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Princeton Microwave Technology has successfully demonstrated the transfer of technology for the MMIC package. During this contract the package design was licensed from Hughes Aircraft Company for manufacture within the U.S. A major effort was directed towards characterization of the ceramic material for its dielectric constant and loss tangent properties. After selection of a ceramic tape, the high temperature co-fired ceramic package was manufactured in the U.S. by Microcircuit Packaging of America, Inc. Microwave measurements of the MMIC package were conducted by an intercontinental microwave test fixture. The package demonstrated a typical insertion loss of 0.5 dB per transition up to 32 Ghz and a return loss of better than 15 db. The performance of the package has been demonstrated from 2 to 30 Ghz by assembling three different MMIC amplifiers. Two of the MMIC amplifiers were designed for the 26 Ghz to 30 Ghz operation while the third MMIC was a distributed amplifier from 2 to 26.5 Ghz. The measured gain of the amplifier is consistent with the device data. The package costs are substantially lower than comparable packages available commercially. Typically the price difference is greater than a factor of three. The package cost is well under $5.00 for a quantity of 10,000 pieces.

Bharj, Sarjit Singh; Yuan, Steve

1997-01-01

324

Natural biopolimers in organic food packaging  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Concerns on environmental and waste problems caused by use of non-biodegradable and non-renewable based plastic packaging have caused an increase interest in developing biodegradable packaging using renewable natural biopolymers. Recently, different types of biopolymers like starch, cellulose, chitosan, casein, whey protein, collagen, egg white, soybean protein, corn zein, gelatin and wheat gluten have attracted considerable attention as potential food packaging materials. Recyclable or biodegradable packaging material in organic processing standards is preferable where possible but specific principles of packaging are not precisely defined and standards have to be assessed. There is evidence that consumers of organic products have specific expectations not only with respect to quality characteristics of processed food but also in social and environmental aspects of food production. Growing consumer sophistication is leading to a proliferation in food eco-label like carbon footprint. Biopolymers based packaging for organic products can help to create a green industry. Moreover, biopolymers can be appropriate materials for the development of an active surfaces designed to deliver incorporated natural antimicrobials into environment surrounding packaged food. Active packaging is an innovative mode of packaging in which the product and the environment interact to prolong shelf life or enhance safety or sensory properties, while maintaining the quality of the product. The work will discuss the various techniques that have been used for development of an active antimicrobial biodegradable packaging materials focusing on a recent findings in research studies. With the current focus on exploring a new generation of biopolymer-based food packaging materials with possible applications in organic food packaging. Keywords: organic food, active packaging, biopolymers , green technology

Wieczynska, Justyna; Cavoski, Ivana; Chami, Ziad Al; Mondelli, Donato; Di Donato, Paola; Di Terlizzi, Biagio

2014-05-01

325

PORTABLE ACOUSTIC MONITORING PACKAGE (PAMP)  

SciTech Connect

The 1st generation acoustic monitoring package was designed to detect and analyze weak acoustic signals inside natural gas transmission lines. Besides a microphone it housed a three-inch diameter aerodynamic acoustic signal amplifier to maximize sensitivity to leak induced {Delta}p type signals. The theory and test results of this aerodynamic signal amplifier was described in the master's degree thesis of our Research Assistant Deepak Mehra who is about to graduate. To house such a large three-inch diameter sensor required the use of a steel 300-psi rated 4 inch weld neck flange, which itself weighed already 29 pounds. The completed 1st generation Acoustic Monitoring Package weighed almost 100 pounds. This was too cumbersome to mount in the field, on an access port at a pipeline shut-off valve. Therefore a 2nd generation and truly Portable Acoustic Monitor was built. It incorporated a fully self-contained {Delta}p type signal sensor, rated for line pressures up to 1000 psi with a base weight of only 6 pounds. This is the Rosemont Inc. Model 3051CD-Range 0, software driven sensor, which is believed to have industries best total performance. Its most sensitive unit was purchased with a {Delta}p range from 0 to 3 inch water. This resulted in the herein described 2nd generation: Portable Acoustic Monitoring Package (PAMP) for pipelines up to 1000 psi. Its 32-pound total weight includes an 18-volt battery. Together with a 3 pound laptop with its 4-channel data acquisition card, completes the equipment needed for field acoustic monitoring of natural gas transmission pipelines.

John l. Loth; Gary J. Morris; George M. Palmer; Richard Guiler; Deepak Mehra

2003-07-01

326

CCDPACK: CCD Data Reduction Package  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

CCDPACK contains programs to debias, remove dark current, flatfield, register, resample and normalize data from single- or multiple-CCD instruments. The basic reduction stages can be set up using an X based GUI that controls an automated reduction system so one can to start working without any detailed knowledge of the package (or indeed of CCD reduction). Registration is performed using graphical, script based or automated techniques that keep the amount of work to a minimum. CCDPACK uses the Starlink environment (ascl:1110.012).

Warren-Smith, Rodney F.; Draper, Peter W.; Taylor, Mark; Allan, Alasdair

2014-03-01

327

Tantalum equation of state package  

SciTech Connect

We provide here the tantalum equation of state (EOS) over broad ranges of temperature and pressure (up to 49,900 K and 9.6 Mbar). This EOS was developed by the quotidian equation of state methodology, which is a robust EOS model providing EOS tables for high pressure hydrodynamic simulations. The included tables span densities 5-33.4 g/cc with 51 entries and temperatures 116-49,900 K with 50 entries. There are 16 quantities as a function of that density-temperature grid, which are provided in this EOS package and are listed in the Appendix (Table I).

Young, D A; Orlikowski, D

2008-12-04

328

RF packaging for space applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Alcatel Space has been working in the field of RF hybrids for a long time. This paper presents the evolution of microwave packaging, up to 40 GHz, towards more and more miniaturisation. RF packaging presents challenging trade-offs between electrical performances and manufacturability, the higher the frequency; the more these two parameters are intertwined. An important step in the field of miniaturisation was the use, beginning of 90's, of MMICs based on GaAs - Gallium Arsenide - and micropackages, following by the introduction of mixed LF/MMwave MCM. Now a good choice could be made between those MCMs and advanced micropackages. The next evolution is the use of flip-chip interconnection to minimise the length of RF connections. In term of bonding reliability, the results give values over more than five times the limits from the standards, even after 500 thermal cycles. The association of power flip-chip which high thermal conductive substrates like Aluminum Nitride - could give at least 40% reduction in the Rth for an amplifier with MMIC mounted flip-chip with emitter bumps. The glob-top technology is not yet used for higher frequencies (i.e. some or some tens of GHz). However, the results presented in this paper show that glob-top are compatible with GaAs MMICs working up to 12 GHz. With some specific design rules, the right encapsulant and the associated processes, there are little degradations of the electrical performances of a Low Level Amplifier working at 10.7 - 12.7 GHz. This has been also checked after thermal cycles.Another emergent technology with MEMS - MicroElectroMechanical Systems - could be used soon for space application, especially for very small switches with low losses. This will be made only if they could be encapsulated with an adapted packaging and if the reliability is full demonstrated following space criteria. Now, those different technologies could be associated with other miniaturization new concepts adapted to the microwave needs, such as 3D technology, UTCS (Ultra Thin Chip Stacking) or SIP (System-In-Package).

Drevon, C.; Monfraix, P.; Paillard, M.; Schaffauser, C.; Vendier, O.

2002-12-01

329

Type A radioactive liquid sample packaging family  

SciTech Connect

Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) has developed two packagings that can be used to ship Type A quantities of radioactive liquids. WHC designed these packagings to take advantage of commercially available items where feasible to reduce the overall packaging cost. The Hedgehog packaging can ship up to one liter of Type A radioactive liquid with no shielding and 15 cm of distance between the liquid and the package exterior, or 30 ml of liquid with 3.8 cm of stainless steel shielding and 19 cm of distance between the liquid and the package exterior. The One Liter Shipper can ship up to one liter of Type A radioactive liquid that does not require shielding.

Edwards, W.S.

1995-11-01

330

Packaging challenges for integrated silicon photonic circuits  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cost-effective packaging of silicon photonic devices presents a significant bottleneck to commercialization of the technology. One way of addressing this packaging challenge is to use techniques that have been developed by the electronics industry and which also benefit from the use of advanced electronics assembly equipment. Even packaging processes such as fiber coupling can benefit from this approach, along with the hybrid integration of devices such as electronic components (e.g. modulator driver integrated circuits). In this paper, we will present developments made by our group towards achieving scalable fiber and electronic packaging processes that rely on electronic assembly techniques such as flip-chip assembly. We will also provide an overview of packaged prototypes being developed within our group for telecom and sensing applications and how these packaging technologies are now being made available to users through the ePIXfab foundry service.

Pavarelli, Nicola; Lee, Jun Su; O'Brien, Peter A.

2014-05-01

331

Packaging of electro-microfluidic devices  

DOEpatents

A new architecture for packaging surface micromachined electro-microfluidic devices is presented. This architecture relies on two scales of packaging to bring fluid to the device scale (picoliters) from the macro-scale (microliters). The architecture emulates and utilizes electronics packaging technology. The larger package consists of a circuit board with embedded fluidic channels and standard fluidic connectors (e.g. Fluidic Printed Wiring Board). The embedded channels connect to the smaller package, an Electro-Microfluidic Dual-Inline-Package (EMDIP) that takes fluid to the microfluidic integrated circuit (MIC). The fluidic connection is made to the back of the MIC through Bosch-etched holes that take fluid to surface micromachined channels on the front of the MIC. Electrical connection is made to bond pads on the front of the MIC.

Benavides, Gilbert L. (Albuquerque, NM); Galambos, Paul C. (Albuquerque, NM); Emerson, John A. (Albuquerque, NM); Peterson, Kenneth A. (Albuquerque, NM); Giunta, Rachel K. (Albuquerque, NM); Zamora, David Lee (Albuquerque, NM); Watson, Robert D. (Tijeras, NM)

2003-04-15

332

Packaging of electro-microfluidic devices  

DOEpatents

A new architecture for packaging surface micromachined electro-microfluidic devices is presented. This architecture relies on two scales of packaging to bring fluid to the device scale (picoliters) from the macro-scale (microliters). The architecture emulates and utilizes electronics packaging technology. The larger package consists of a circuit board with embedded fluidic channels and standard fluidic connectors (e.g. Fluidic Printed Wiring Board). The embedded channels connect to the smaller package, an Electro-Microfluidic Dual-Inline-Package (EMDIP) that takes fluid to the microfluidic integrated circuit (MIC). The fluidic connection is made to the back of the MIC through Bosch-etched holes that take fluid to surface micromachined channels on the front of the MIC. Electrical connection is made to bond pads on the front of the MIC.

Benavides, Gilbert L. (Albuquerque, NM); Galambos, Paul C. (Albuquerque, NM); Emerson, John A. (Albuquerque, NM); Peterson, Kenneth A. (Albuquerque, NM); Giunta, Rachel K. (Albuquerque, NM); Watson, Robert D. (Tijeras, NM)

2002-01-01

333

Packaging and Embedded Electronics for the Next Generation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation describes examples of electronic packaging that protects an electronic element from handling, contamination, shock, vibration and light penetration. The use of Hermetic and non-hermetic packaging is also discussed. The topics include: 1) What is Electronic Packaging? 2) Why Package Electronic Parts? 3) Evolution of Packaging; 4) General Packaging Discussion; 5) Advanced non-hermetic packages; 6) Discussion of Hermeticity; 7) The Class Y Concept and Possible Extensions; 8) Embedded Technologies; and 9) NEPP Activities.

Sampson, Michael J.

2010-01-01

334

Packaging of MMICs in multilayer LCP substrates  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 13-25-GHz GaAs bare die low noise amplifier is embedded inside a multilayer liquid crystal polymer (LCP) package made from seven layers of thin-film LCP. This new packaging topology has inherently unique properties that could make it an attractive alternative in some instances to traditional metal and ceramic hermetic packages. LCP is a near-hermetic material and its lamination process is

Dane C. Thompson; Manos M. Tentzeris; John Papapolymerou

2006-01-01

335

High performance microsystem packaging: A perspective  

SciTech Connect

The second silicon revolution will be based on intelligent, integrated microsystems where multiple technologies (such as analog, digital, memory, sensor, micro-electro-mechanical, and communication devices) are integrated onto a single chip or within a multichip module. A necessary element for such systems is cost-effective, high-performance packaging. This paper examines many of the issues associated with the packaging of integrated microsystems, with an emphasis on the areas of packaging design, manufacturability, and reliability.

Romig, A.D. Jr.; Dressendorfer, P.V.; Palmer, D.W.

1997-10-01

336

NFR TRIGA package design review report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to compile, present and document the formal design review of the NRF TRIGA packaging. The contents of this document include: the briefing meeting presentations, package description, design calculations, package review drawings, meeting minutes, action item lists, review comment records, final resolutions, and released drawings. This design review required more than two meeting to resolve comments. Therefore, there are three meeting minutes and two action item lists.

Clements, M.D.

1994-08-26

337

Ultrathin wafer level chip size package  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ShellCase wafer-level packaging process uses commercial semiconductor wafer processing equipment. Dies are packaged and encapsulated into separate enclosures while still in wafer form. This wafer level chip size package (WLCSP) process encases the die in a solid die-size glass shell. The glass encapsulation prevents the silicon from being exposed and ensures excellent mechanical and environmental protection. A proprietary compliant

Avner Badihi

2000-01-01

338

Photofission tomography of nuclear waste packages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quantifying the mass of actinides in large concrete waste packages using non-destructive methods is a major challenge for the management and the storage of packages in appropriate facilities. Since the beginning of 1990s, our team in CEA has been working on the development of a method based on interrogation with high-energy photons to assay actinides in large concrete waste package.

Mehdi Gmar; Fabien Jeanneau; Frédéric Lainé; Bénédicte Poumarède

2006-01-01

339

Quality of vacuum packaged lamb retail cuts  

E-print Network

of previously vacuum packaged (PVP) cuts when packaged in HOB film but 1ncreased when packaged in PVC f1lm. The use of PVP cuts did not affect the overall appearance of rib or loin chops but HOB f1lm-pack- aged leg chops from PVP cuts had lower overall... appearance scores than did steaks from fresh (F) cuts. PVC film-wrapped chops and steaks from PVP cuts had much lower overall appearance scores than did chops and steaks from F cuts. Prior storage in vacuum packages had no effect on weight loss...

Wanstedt, Kristen Gae

1982-01-01

340

Yucca Mountain Waste Package Closure System  

SciTech Connect

The current disposal path for high-level waste is to place the material into secure waste packages that are inserted into a repository. The Idaho National Laboratory has been tasked with the development, design, and demonstration of the waste package closure system for the repository project. The closure system design includes welding three lids and a purge port cap, four methods of nondestructive examination, and evacuation and backfill of the waste package, all performed in a remote environment. A demonstration of the closure system will be performed with a full-scale waste package.

Herschel Smartt; Arthur Watkins; David Pace; Rodney Bitsoi; Eric Larsen; Timothy McJunkin; Charles Tolle

2006-04-01

341

Hermetic packaging for microwave modules. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Microwave assemblies, such as radar modules, require hermetically sealed packaging. Since most of these assemblies are used for airborne applications, the packages must be lightweight. The aluminum alloy A-40 provides the needed characteristics of these applications. This project developed packaging techniques using the A-40 alloy as a housing material and laser welding processes to install connectors, purge tube, and covers on the housings. The completed package successfully passed the hermetic leak requirements and environmental testing. Optimum laser welding parameters were established in addition to all of the related tooling for assembly.

Hollar, D.L.

1996-10-01

342

Work plan for integrated sludge packaging demonstration  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the tasks which will be performed to support the hot demonstration of the integrated sludge packaging system to package the sludge that has accumulated in the KE Basin. This activity will be performed in three phases: Phase 1 will consist of testing component and sub-system performance using a surrogate sludge, Phase 2 will consist of cold testing the integrated sludge packaging system using a surrogate sludge, and Phase 3 will consist of the hot demonstration of the integrated sludge packaging system.

Brisbin, S.A.

1994-11-07

343

Microelectronic device package with an integral window  

DOEpatents

An apparatus for packaging of microelectronic devices, including an integral window. The microelectronic device can be a semiconductor chip, a CCD chip, a CMOS chip, a VCSEL chip, a laser diode, a MEMS device, or a IMEMS device. The package can include a cofired ceramic frame or body. The package can have an internal stepped structure made of one or more plates, with apertures, which are patterned with metallized conductive circuit traces. The microelectronic device can be flip-chip bonded on the plate to these traces, and oriented so that the light-sensitive side is optically accessible through the window. A cover lid can be attached to the opposite side of the package. The result is a compact, low-profile package, having an integral window that can be hermetically-sealed. The package body can be formed by low-temperature cofired ceramic (LTCC) or high-temperature cofired ceramic (HTCC) multilayer processes with the window being simultaneously joined (e.g. cofired) to the package body during LTCC or HTCC processing. Multiple chips can be located within a single package. The cover lid can include a window. The apparatus is particularly suited for packaging of MEMS devices, since the number of handling steps is greatly reduced, thereby reducing the potential for contamination.

Peterson, Kenneth A. (Albuquerque, NM); Watson, Robert D. (Tijeras, NM)

2002-01-01

344

Yucca Mountain Waste Package Closure System  

SciTech Connect

The current disposal path for high-level waste is to place the material into secure waste packages that are inserted into a repository. The Idaho National Laboratory has been tasked with the development, design, and demonstration of the waste package closure system for the repository project. The closure system design includes welding three lids and a purge port cap, four methods of nondestructive examination, and evacuation and backfill of the waste package, all performed in a remote environment. A demonstration of the closure system will be performed with a full-scale waste package.

shelton-davis; Colleen Shelton-Davis; Greg Housley

2005-10-01

345

PRIDE Surveillance Projects Data Packaging Project Information Package Specification Version 1.1  

SciTech Connect

Information Package Specification version 1.1 describes an XML document format called an information package that can be used to store information in information management systems and other information archives. An information package consists of package information, the context required to understand and use that information, package metadata that describes the information, and XML signatures that protect the information. The information package described in this specification was designed to store Department of Energy (DOE) and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) information and includes the metadata required for that information: a unique package identifier, information marking that conforms to DOE and NNSA requirements, and access control metadata. It is an implementation of the Open Archival Information System (OAIS) Reference Model archival information package tailored to meet NNSA information storage requirements and designed to be used in the computing environments at the Y-12 National Security Complex and at other NNSA sites.

Kelleher, D. M.; Shipp, R. L.; Mason, J. D.

2010-08-31

346

Three-dimensional architecture of the bacteriophage 29 packaged genome and elucidation of its packaging process  

E-print Network

Three-dimensional architecture of the bacteriophage 29 packaged genome and elucidation of its packaging in dsDNA bacteriophages. Cryo-EM was used to directly visualize the architecture of the DNA inside curvatures, and the degree of order. We obtained cryo-EM images of bacteriophage that had packaged defined

Straight, Aaron

347

Safety analysis report for packages: packaging of fissile and other radioactive materials. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 9965, 9966, 9967, and 9968 packages are designed for surface shipment of fissile and other radioactive materials where a high degree of containment (either single or double) is required. Provisions are made to add shielding material to the packaging as required. The package was physically tested to demonstrate that it meets the criteria specified in USDOE Order No. 5480.1,

Chalfant

1984-01-01

348

Study of package EMI reduction for GHz microprocessors  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the operating frequency of the processor approaches 1 GHz and beyond, the package dimensions are no longer small when compared to the wavelength. In order to reduce the emissions from the package, it is necessary to include certain package design features. Three different package designs are investigated to study their relative efficiency in suppressing the emissions. The first package

Jiangqi He; Dong Zhong; Steven Yun Ji; Gang Ji; Yuan-Liang Li

2002-01-01

349

27 CFR 19.486 - Change of packages in storage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Change of packages in storage. 19.486...19.486 Change of packages in storage. When a...transfers spirits from one package to another as permitted...proprietor must give the new package the same package...

2011-04-01

350

27 CFR 19.486 - Change of packages in storage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false Change of packages in storage. 19.486...19.486 Change of packages in storage. When a...transfers spirits from one package to another as permitted...proprietor must give the new package the same package...

2012-04-01

351

27 CFR 19.486 - Change of packages in storage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Change of packages in storage. 19.486...19.486 Change of packages in storage. When a...transfers spirits from one package to another as permitted...proprietor must give the new package the same package...

2013-04-01

352

Decision support system for material handling and packaging design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The reliability of the materials handling process involving automated stacking of packages on a pallet or automated sorting of packages in a distribution system depends mainly on the design of the package and the material used for the package. Many problems can be eliminated that result in a higher utilization of the system if the package is designed not only

Mats I. Johnsson; Abdel K. Mazouz; Chingping Han

1992-01-01

353

27 CFR 19.486 - Change of packages in storage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 false Change of packages in storage. 19.486...19.486 Change of packages in storage. When a...transfers spirits from one package to another as permitted...proprietor must give the new package the same package...

2014-04-01

354

IFT Scientific Status Summary 2008: Innovative Food Packaging Solutions  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Food and beverage packaging comprises 55-65% of the $110 billion value of packaging in the United States. This review provides a summary of innovative technology developments in food packaging. The expanded role of food and beverage packaging is reviewed. Active and intelligent food packaging, ba...

355

PRIDE Surveillance Projects Data Packaging Project, Information Package Specification Version 1.0  

SciTech Connect

This document contains a specification for a standard XML document format called an information package that can be used to store information and the context required to understand and use that information in information management systems and other types of information archives. An information package consists of packaged information, a set of information metadata that describes the packaged information, and an XML signature that protects the packaged information. The information package described in this specification was designed to be used to store Department of Energy (DOE) and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) information and includes the metadata required for that information: a unique package identifier, information marking that conforms to DOE and NNSA requirements, and access control metadata. Information package metadata can also include information search terms, package history, and notes. Packaged information can be text content, binary content, and the contents of files and other containers. A single information package can contain multiple types of information. All content not in a text form compatible with XML must be in a text encoding such as base64. Package information is protected by a digital XML signature that can be used to determine whether the information has changed since it was signed and to identify the source of the information. This specification has been tested but has not been used to create production information packages. The authors expect that gaps and unclear requirements in this specification will be identified as this specification is used to create information packages and as information stored in information packages is used. The authors expect to issue revised versions of this specification as needed to address these issues.

Kelleher, D.M.; Shipp, R. L.; Mason, J. D.

2009-09-28

356

The CRSS Metric for Package Design Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Package designis concerned with the determining the best way to partition the classes in a system into subsystems. A poor package design can ad- versely affect the quality of a software system. In this pape r we present a new metric, Class Reachability Set Size (CRSS) , the distribution of which can be used to determine if the relationships between

Hayden Melton; Ewan D. Tempero

2007-01-01

357

Teaching Old Packaging New Tricks - 12593  

SciTech Connect

Waste disposition campaigns have been an industry and government focus area since the mid- 1970's. With increased focus on this issue, and a lot of hard work, most waste packaging and transportation issues have been addressed. The material has been successfully shipped and dis-positioned. DOE has successfully de-inventoried materials from multiple sites to meet material consolidation, footprint reduction, nonproliferation, and regulatory obligations with cost savings from reduced maintenance and regulatory compliance. There has been a wide range of certified shipping packagings for the transportation of hazardous materials to meet most of the waste needs. The remaining materials are problematic, generally low volume, and do not meet the certified content of the existing inventory of packaging. Designing, testing and certifying new packaging designs can be a long and expensive process and for small volumes of material it is cost prohibitive. One very cost effective option is to lease and use a certified packaging to overpack waste containers. There are many robust certified packagings available with the capability to envelope the waste content. The capability to use inner containers, inside the current fleet of certified casks or packaging, to address specific content problems of additional shielding (e.g., U-233) or containment (e.g., sodium bonded nuclear material) has successfully expanded the capability for timely cost effective shipment of unique contents. This option has been used successfully in the NAC-LWT, T-3 and other packagings. (authors)

England, Jeffery L. [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, South Carolina (United States); Shuler, James M. [U.S. Department of Energy, Packaging Certification Program, Germantown, MD (United States)

2012-07-01

358

A Package for GAP Leonard H. Soicher  

E-print Network

GRAPE A Package for GAP by Leonard H. Soicher School of Mathematical Sciences Queen Mary University of London #12;Contents 1 Grape 5 1.1 Installing the GRAPE Package . . . 5 1.2 Loading GRAPE . . . . . . . . 6 1.3 The structure of a graph in GRAPE . 7 1.4 Examples of the use of GRAPE . . . 7 2 Functions

Soicher, Leonard H.

359

Packaging system for high performance computer  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel micropackaging system that meets the requirements of increased packaging and heat density is described. The use of bare LSI gate arrays allows the realization of gate densities of up to 4000 gate functions per 1 cm2. New wiring technologies allow these ICs to be wired as a dense configuration. High packaging densities result in high power dissipation. High-efficiency

H. Wessely

1989-01-01

360

Film Assisted Molding on MEMS Packages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given. The increase of the application of film assisted molding technology confirms the importance of this new encapsulation technology for the semiconductor industry. The introduction of film in the mold has enabled a process technology using standard pellets that addresses the packaging of advanced silicon devices. The new challenge is the encapsulation of MEMS or sensor packages.

F. Boschman

2006-01-01

361

Critical issues in packaged food business  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to examine salient issues in the packaged food business with special focus on packaging and its crucial role covering food marketing, best practices in the food and drinks industry, product innovation, food safety and quality, food supply chain management and emerging trends. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Phenomenological research has raised awareness and increased insight into critical issues

Aziz Ahmed; Naser Ahmed; Ahmed Salman

2005-01-01

362

A Thermodynamics Course Package in Onenote  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A ready-to-use package of active-learning materials for a semester-long chemical engineering thermodynamics course was prepared for instructors, and similar materials are being prepared for a material and energy balance course. The course package includes ConcepTests, explanations of the ConcepTests for instructors, links to screencasts, chapter…

Falconer, John L.; Nicodemus, Garret D.; Medlin, J. Will; deGrazia, Janet; McDanel, Katherine P.

2014-01-01

363

Developing a Package Training System for Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The hotel and catering industry is one of Great Britain's largest. A packaged training system has been developed to satisfy the needs of this industry, an ever-growing occupational field with multiple categories. The material provided in each package outlines short pieces of instruction and helps the trainer create appropriate training. (DS)

Battersby, D. L. N.

1974-01-01

364

9. More Bioconductor packages Thomas Lumley  

E-print Network

9. More Bioconductor packages Thomas Lumley Ken Rice Universities of Washington and Auckland S~ao Paulo, January 2014 #12;GWAS analysis Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS) are currently popular.1 #12;GWAS analysis snpStats is a Bioconductor package for GWAS analysis ­ maintained by David Clayton

Rice, Ken

365

9. More Bioconductor packages Thomas Lumley  

E-print Network

9. More Bioconductor packages Thomas Lumley Ken Rice Universities of Washington and Auckland Lausanne, September 2014 #12;GWAS analysis Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS) are currently popular.1 #12;GWAS analysis snpStats is a Bioconductor package for GWAS analysis ­ maintained by David Clayton

Rice, Ken

366

9. More Bioconductor packages Thomas Lumley  

E-print Network

9. More Bioconductor packages Thomas Lumley Ken Rice Universities of Washington and Auckland Seattle, July 2014 #12;GWAS analysis Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS) are currently popular.1 #12;GWAS analysis snpStats is a Bioconductor package for GWAS analysis ­ maintained by David Clayton

Rice, Ken

367

9. More Bioconductor packages Thomas Lumley  

E-print Network

9. More Bioconductor packages Thomas Lumley Ken Rice Universities of Washington and Auckland Seattle, July 2013 #12;GWAS analysis Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS) are currently popular.1 #12;GWAS analysis snpStats is a Bioconductor package for GWAS analysis ­ maintained by David Clayton

Rice, Ken

368

HIV-1: packaging a shifty genome?  

PubMed

In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Chamanian et al. (2013) show that the frameshifting region in the HIV-1 genome influences the efficiency of genome packaging. This study may provide insights into mechanisms that constrain retroviruses into packaging only two copies of the genome during retroviral assembly. PMID:23414752

Durney, Michael A; D'Souza, Victoria M

2013-02-13

369

Appendix F Software F.1 Software packages  

E-print Network

Appendix F Software F.1 Software packages The following table contains the list of software used in the Griffin experiment. The primary use of the software, the software manufacturer and version number of the software used are specified. A comparison of software calculation quality for two primary packages employed

370

Proteins as Agricultural Polymers for Packaging Production  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cereal Chem. 75(1):1-9 Advantages, types, formation, and properties of agricultural packaging materials based on proteins, with examples, are reviewed in detail. Pro- teins have long and empirically been used to make biodegradable, renew- able, and edible packaging materials. Numerous cereal and vegetable proteins (such as corn zein, wheat gluten, and soy proteins) and animal proteins (such as milk proteins, collagen,

Bernard Cuq; Nathalie Gontard; Stéphane Guilbert

1998-01-01

371

MEMS performance challenges: packaging and shock tests  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes recent advances in the MEMS performance challenges with emphases on packaging and shock tests. In the packaging area, metal to metal bonding processes have been developed to overcome limitations of the glass frit bonding by means of two specific methods: (1) pre-reflow of solder for enhanced bonding adhesion, and (2) the insertion of thin metal layer between

Jiyoung Chang; Chen Yang; Bin Zhang; Liwei Lin

2011-01-01

372

Improving package recommendations through query relaxation  

E-print Network

as a collection of recipes that is nutritionally balanced, and a travel agent may want to produce a vacation to combine several legs, which, as a package, comply with the budget, schedule, and airline preferences], course combinations [9, 10], and nutritionally balanced meal plans [3]. The items in these packages need

Meliou, Alexandra

373

Battery package and assembly. [Unexamined patent application  

Microsoft Academic Search

A battery package includes a plurality of cylindrical cells electrically connected in series and wrapped in a plastic web. The web includes a plurality of adjacent, parallel arches or arcuate sections that conform generally to the cylindrical shape of the cells to constrain the cells in the package in a predetermined relationship. Although the web is somewhat flexible, it provides

Affolter; P. Matharani

1979-01-01

374

Cigarette package design: opportunities for disease prevention  

PubMed Central

Objective To learn how cigarette packages are designed and to determine to what extent cigarette packages are designed to target children. Methods A computer search was made of all Internet websites that post tobacco industry documents using the search terms: packaging, package design, package study, box design, logo, trademark and design study. All documents were retrieved electronically and analyzed by the first author for recurrent themes. Data Synthesis Cigarette manufacturers devote a great deal of attention and expense to package design because it is central to their efforts to create brand images. Colors, graphic elements, proportioning, texture, materials and typography are tested and used in various combinations to create the desired product and user images. Designs help to create the perceived product attributes and project a personality image of the user with the intent of fulfilling the psychological needs of the targeted type of smoker. The communication of these images and attributes is conducted through conscious and subliminal processes. Extensive testing is conducted using a variety of qualitative and quantitative research techniques. Conclusion The promotion of tobacco products through appealing imagery cannot be stopped without regulating the package design. The same marketing research techniques used by the tobacco companies can be used to design generic packaging and more effective warning labels targeted at specific consumers. PMID:19570250

DiFranza, JR; Clark, DM; Pollay, RW

2003-01-01

375

Cigarette package design: opportunities for disease prevention  

PubMed Central

Objective To learn how cigarette packages are designed and to determine to what extent cigarette packages are designed to target children. Methods A computer search was made of all Internet websites that post tobacco industry documents using the search terms: packaging, package design, package study, box design, logo, trademark and design study. All documents were retrieved electronically and analyzed by the first author for recurrent themes. Data Synthesis Cigarette manufacturers devote a great deal of attention and expense to package design because it is central to their efforts to create brand images. Colors, graphic elements, proportioning, texture, materials and typography are tested and used in various combinations to create the desired product and user images. Designs help to create the perceived product attributes and project a personality image of the user with the intent of fulfilling the psychological needs of the targeted type of smoker. The communication of these images and attributes is conducted through conscious and subliminal processes. Extensive testing is conducted using a variety of qualitative and quantitative research techniques. Conclusion The promotion of tobacco products through appealing imagery cannot be stopped without regulating the package design. The same marketing research techniques used by the tobacco companies can be used to design generic packaging and more effective warning labels targeted at specific consumers.

DiFranza, JR; Clark, DM; Pollay, RW

2003-01-01

376

Comparison of TAPS Packages for Engineering  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to present the development of technology-assisted problem solving (TAPS) packages at University Tenaga Nasional (UNITEN). The project is the further work of the development of interactive multimedia based packages targeted for students having problems in understanding the subject of engineering mechanics dynamics.…

Sidhu, S. Manjit

2008-01-01

377

Stork: Package Management for Distributed VM Environments  

E-print Network

Stork: Package Management for Distributed VM Environments Justin Cappos, Scott Baker, Jeremy management overhead as each is essentially a separate system. Stork is a package management tool for virtual machine environments that is designed to alleviate these problems. Stork securely and efficiently

Hartman, John H.

378

Temperature, Pulse, and Respiration. Learning Activity Package.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This learning activity package on temperature, pulse, and respiration is one of a series of 12 titles developed for use in health occupations education programs. Materials in the package include objectives, a list of materials needed, information sheets, reviews (self evaluations) of portions of the content, and answers to reviews. These topics…

Runge, Lillian

379

Statistical Software Packages for the Microcomputer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nine microcomputer statistical software packages that are described comprise the statistical software collection at the Appalachia Educational Laboratory (AEL). The packages are compatible with AEL's Apple II microcomputer, though many are also available with other microcomputers. References to software reviews are included for some programs.…

Finley, Sevilla, Comp.

380

A process model for packaged software development  

Microsoft Academic Search

As software development migrates from its roots as a process for building a custom product to a process for building packaged products, there is a greater need for an appropriate product development process model that is market-oriented. Field data suggests that process models are not widely used in the package industry. An overview of normative process models in the software

E. Carmel; Shirley Becker

1995-01-01

381

MEMS vacuum packaging technology and applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vacuum packaging is essential for various kinds of microelectromechanical system (MEMS) devices for enhancing the performance and reliability. This paper presents our works on research on vacuum packaging of MEMS devices. A hermetical sealing technique has been developed, which involves the processes of anodic bonding for silicon and glass wafers with imperfect interface, adhesive bonding, glass frit bonding and silicon-to-gold

Y. Jin; Z. F. Wang; P. C. Lim; D. Y. Pan; J. Wei; C. K. Wong

2003-01-01

382

Antimicrobial packaging for fresh-cut fruits  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Fresh-cut fruits are minimally processed produce which are consumed directly at their fresh stage without any further kill step. Microbiological quality and safety are major challenges to fresh-cut fruits. Antimicrobial packaging is one of the innovative food packaging systems that is able to kill o...

383

High temperature LTCC package for gas sensor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ceramic technologies, especially LTCC (Low Temperature Co-fired Ceramics), offer a reliable platform to build highly stable and reliable sensors and packages, possible for application in harsh environment such as high temperature, high pressure, aggressive media and space. LTCC allows also to fabricate resistors, capacitors, inductors, heaters and many other passive components buried within ceramic substrate. In this paper package for

Damian Nowak; Stanislaw Sawicki; Andrzej Dziedzic

2010-01-01

384

Nonreturnable packaging: The environmental debate. (Latest citations from Packaging Science and Technology Abstracts database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning the environmental and economic impacts of nonreturnable versus returnable food packaging containers. Topics include the burdens on the environment due to nonreturnable beverage containers, economic considerations for the packaging industry, and government regulations imposed to reduce waste disposal. Various packaging containers are examined, including glass, aluminum, tin-plate, cardboard, and plastics. Government legislation in the soft drink and beverage industries, dairy packaged products, and paperboard packaging are discussed. (Contains a minimum of 199 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-05-01

385

Innovative Approaches to Large Component Packaging  

SciTech Connect

Radioactive waste disposal often times requires creative approaches in packaging design, especially for large components. Innovative design techniques are required to meet the needs for handling, transporting, and disposing of these large packages. Large components (i.e., Reactor Pressure Vessel (RPV) heads and even RPVs themselves) require special packaging for shielding and contamination control, as well as for transport and disposal. WMG Inc designed and used standard packaging for RPV heads without control rod drive mechanisms (CRDMs) attached for five RPV heads and has also more recently met an even bigger challenge and developed the innovative Intact Vessel Head Transport System (IVHTS) for RPV heads with CRDMs intact. This packaging system has been given a manufacturer's exemption by the United States Department of Transportation (USDOT) for packaging RPV heads. The IVHTS packaging has now been successfully used at two commercial nuclear power plants. Another example of innovative packaging is the large component packaging that WMG designed, fabricated, and utilized at the West Valley Demonstration Project (WVDP). In 2002, West Valley's high-level waste vitrification process was shut down in preparation for D and D of the West Valley Vitrification Facility. Three of the major components of concern within the Vitrification Facility were the Melter, the Concentrate Feed Makeup Tank (CFMT), and the Melter Feed Holdup Tank (MFHT). The removal, packaging, and disposition of these three components presented significant radiological and handling challenges for the project. WMG designed, fabricated, and installed special packaging for the transport and disposal of each of these three components, which eliminated an otherwise time intensive and costly segmentation process that WVDP was considering. Finally, WMG has also designed and fabricated special packaging for both the Connecticut Yankee (CY) and San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station (SONGS) RPVs. This paper presents the approach that has been successfully used for planning, implementing, and preparing for the disposition of large components such as those mentioned previously. It addresses the major regulatory and design requirements for packaging, transporting, and disposing of these components. The specific topics that are covered include radiological characterization, shielding, packaging design, on-site handling and movement, off-site transportation options, a brief discussion on disposition, and lessons learned. (authors)

Freitag, A.; Hooper, M.; Posivak, E.; Sullivan, J. [WMG, Inc., Peekskill, NY 10566 (United States)

2006-07-01

386

Packaging of the rf MEMS switch  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, the flip-chip method was used for packaging of the RF-MEMS switch on the quartz substrate with low losses. The 4-inch Pyrex glass was used as a package substrate and it was punched with airblast with 250 micrometers diameter holes. The Cr/Au seed layer was deposited on it and the vias were filled with plating gold. After forming the molds on the holes with thick photoresist, the bumps were plated on holes. The package substrate was bonded with the quartz substrate with the B-stage epoxy. The loss of the overall package structure was tested with a network analyzer and was within -0.05 dB. This structure can be used for wafer level packaging of not only the RF-MEMS devices but also the MEMS devices.

Park, Heung-Woo; Park, Yun-Kwon; Lee, Duck-Jung; Ju, Byeong-Kwon

2001-11-01

387

Radiation treatment for sterilization of packaging materials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Treatment with gamma and electron radiation is becoming a common process for the sterilization of packages, mostly made of natural or synthetic plastics, used in the aseptic processing of foods and pharmaceuticals. The effect of irradiation on these materials is crucial for packaging engineering to understand the effects of these new treatments. Packaging material may be irradiated either prior to or after filling. The irradiation prior to filling is usually chosen for dairy products, processed food, beverages, pharmaceutical, and medical device industries in the United States, Europe, and Canada. Radiation effects on packaging material properties still need further investigation. This paper summarizes the work done by different groups and discusses recent developments in regulations and testing procedures in the field of packaging technology.

Haji-Saeid, Mohammad; Sampa, Maria Helena O.; Chmielewski, Andrzej G.

2007-08-01

388

A Compact, Modular Superconducting Bolometer Array Package  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We have designed a detector package to house a superconducting bolometer array, SQUID multiplexers, bias and integration circuitry, optical filtering, electrical connectors, and thermal/mechanical interfaces. This package has been used successfully in the GISMO 2mm camera, a 128-pixel camera operating at a base temperature of 270mK. Operation at lower temperatures is allowed by providing direct heat sinking to the SQUIDS and bias resistors, which generate the bulk of the dissipation in the package. Standard electrical connectors provide reliable contact while enabling quick installation and removal of the package. Careful design has gone into the compensation for differing thermal expansions, the need for heat sinking of the bolometer array, and the placement of magnetic shielding in critical areas. In this presentation, we detail the design and performance of this detector package and describe its scalability to 1280- pixel arrays in the near future.

Benford, Dominic J.

2008-01-01

389

49 CFR 178.3 - Marking of packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...symbols must represent either the packaging manufacturer or the approval...recent certification for the packaging through design certification testing or periodic...printed or otherwise marked on the packaging to provide adequate...

2014-10-01

390

49 CFR 178.3 - Marking of packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...symbols must represent either the packaging manufacturer or the approval...recent certification for the packaging through design certification testing or periodic...printed or otherwise marked on the packaging to provide adequate...

2013-10-01

391

49 CFR 173.415 - Authorized Type A packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...this subchapter) Type A general packaging. Each offeror of a Specification...that the construction methods, packaging design, and materials of construction...specification. (b) Any other Type A packaging that also meets the...

2010-10-01

392

49 CFR 173.415 - Authorized Type A packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...this subchapter) Type A general packaging. Each offeror of a Specification...that the construction methods, packaging design, and materials of construction...specification. (b) Any other Type A packaging that also meets the...

2013-10-01

393

49 CFR 173.415 - Authorized Type A packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...this subchapter) Type A general packaging. Each offeror of a Specification...that the construction methods, packaging design, and materials of construction...specification. (b) Any other Type A packaging that also meets the...

2012-10-01

394

49 CFR 173.415 - Authorized Type A packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...this subchapter) Type A general packaging. Each offeror of a Specification...that the construction methods, packaging design, and materials of construction...specification. (b) Any other Type A packaging that also meets the...

2011-10-01

395

Working with Design: A Package for Sheet Metal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author describes a design approach used to study sheet metal layout in junior high and high school mechanical drafting courses. Students observe packaging in stores, study package construction, and design and produce their own packages. (EA)

Fiebich, Paul D.

1974-01-01

396

49 CFR 173.223 - Packagings for certain flammable solids.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 false Packagings for certain flammable solids. 173.223 Section 173.223 Transportation Other...and Class 7 § 173.223 Packagings for certain flammable solids. (a) Packagings for “Musk xylene,”...

2013-10-01

397

49 CFR 173.223 - Packagings for certain flammable solids.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Packagings for certain flammable solids. 173.223 Section 173.223 Transportation Other...and Class 7 § 173.223 Packagings for certain flammable solids. (a) Packagings for “Musk xylene,”...

2012-10-01

398

49 CFR 173.223 - Packagings for certain flammable solids.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Packagings for certain flammable solids. 173.223 Section 173.223 Transportation Other...and Class 7 § 173.223 Packagings for certain flammable solids. (a) Packagings for “Musk xylene,”...

2011-10-01

399

49 CFR 173.223 - Packagings for certain flammable solids.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-10-01 false Packagings for certain flammable solids. 173.223 Section 173.223 Transportation Other...and Class 7 § 173.223 Packagings for certain flammable solids. (a) Packagings for “Musk xylene,”...

2014-10-01

400

49 CFR 173.223 - Packagings for certain flammable solids.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false Packagings for certain flammable solids. 173.223 Section 173.223 Transportation Other...and Class 7 § 173.223 Packagings for certain flammable solids. (a) Packagings for “Musk xylene,”...

2010-10-01

401

48 CFR 908.7109 - Fuels and packaged petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Fuels and packaged petroleum products. 908.7109 Section 908...Items 908.7109 Fuels and packaged petroleum products. Acquisitions of fuel and packaged petroleum products by DOE offices shall be in...

2014-10-01

402

48 CFR 908.7109 - Fuels and packaged petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Fuels and packaged petroleum products. 908.7109 Section 908...Items 908.7109 Fuels and packaged petroleum products. Acquisitions of fuel and packaged petroleum products by DOE offices shall be in...

2010-10-01

403

48 CFR 908.7109 - Fuels and packaged petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Fuels and packaged petroleum products. 908.7109 Section 908...Items 908.7109 Fuels and packaged petroleum products. Acquisitions of fuel and packaged petroleum products by DOE offices shall be in...

2011-10-01

404

48 CFR 908.7109 - Fuels and packaged petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Fuels and packaged petroleum products. 908.7109 Section 908...Items 908.7109 Fuels and packaged petroleum products. Acquisitions of fuel and packaged petroleum products by DOE offices shall be in...

2013-10-01

405

48 CFR 908.7109 - Fuels and packaged petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Fuels and packaged petroleum products. 908.7109 Section 908...Items 908.7109 Fuels and packaged petroleum products. Acquisitions of fuel and packaged petroleum products by DOE offices shall be in...

2012-10-01

406

Active and intelligent packaging systems for a modern society.  

PubMed

Active and intelligent packaging systems are continuously evolving in response to growing challenges from a modern society. This article reviews: (1) the different categories of active and intelligent packaging concepts and currently available commercial applications, (2) latest packaging research trends and innovations, and (3) the growth perspectives of the active and intelligent packaging market. Active packaging aiming at extending shelf life or improving safety while maintaining quality is progressing towards the incorporation of natural active agents into more sustainable packaging materials. Intelligent packaging systems which monitor the condition of the packed food or its environment are progressing towards more cost-effective, convenient and integrated systems to provide innovative packaging solutions. Market growth is expected for active packaging with leading shares for moisture absorbers, oxygen scavengers, microwave susceptors and antimicrobial packaging. The market for intelligent packaging is also promising with strong gains for time-temperature indicator labels and advancements in the integration of intelligent concepts into packaging materials. PMID:25034453

Realini, Carolina E; Marcos, Begonya

2014-11-01

407

49 CFR 178.920 - Standards for metal Large Packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Standards for metal Large Packagings. 178.920 Section...Standards § 178.920 Standards for metal Large Packagings. (a) The provisions in this section apply to metal Large Packagings intended to contain...

2013-10-01

408

49 CFR 178.920 - Standards for metal Large Packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Standards for metal Large Packagings. 178.920 Section...Standards § 178.920 Standards for metal Large Packagings. (a) The provisions in this section apply to metal Large Packagings intended to contain...

2011-10-01

409

49 CFR 178.920 - Standards for metal Large Packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Standards for metal Large Packagings. 178.920 Section...Standards § 178.920 Standards for metal Large Packagings. (a) The provisions in this section apply to metal Large Packagings intended to contain...

2012-10-01

410

49 CFR 178.920 - Standards for metal Large Packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Standards for metal Large Packagings. 178.920 Section...Standards § 178.920 Standards for metal Large Packagings. (a) The provisions in this section apply to metal Large Packagings intended to contain...

2014-10-01

411

7 CFR 58.620 - Freezing and packaging rooms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Freezing and packaging rooms. 58.620 Section... Rooms and Compartments § 58.620 Freezing and packaging rooms. The rooms used for freezing and packaging frozen desserts shall be...

2013-01-01

412

7 CFR 58.620 - Freezing and packaging rooms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Freezing and packaging rooms. 58.620 Section... Rooms and Compartments § 58.620 Freezing and packaging rooms. The rooms used for freezing and packaging frozen desserts shall be...

2014-01-01

413

7 CFR 58.620 - Freezing and packaging rooms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Freezing and packaging rooms. 58.620 Section... Rooms and Compartments § 58.620 Freezing and packaging rooms. The rooms used for freezing and packaging frozen desserts shall be...

2012-01-01

414

7 CFR 58.620 - Freezing and packaging rooms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Freezing and packaging rooms. 58.620 Section... Rooms and Compartments § 58.620 Freezing and packaging rooms. The rooms used for freezing and packaging frozen desserts shall be...

2011-01-01

415

The bracket-hack package Christopher Roman Nerz  

E-print Network

The bracket-hack package Christopher Roman Nerz June 5, 2014 Abstract This small LATEX-package1 := and =: to be \\coloneqq (..=) and \\eqqcolon (=..), respectively. brackethack@phoenixes.de 1This package is a `dirty-hack

Ould Ahmedou, Mohameden

416

7 CFR 1944.72 - Application packaging orientation and training.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Application packaging orientation and training. 1944.72 Section 1944.72 Agriculture...Application Packaging Grants § 1944.72 Application packaging orientation and training. Agency approval officials...

2014-01-01

417

7 CFR 1944.72 - Application packaging orientation and training.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Application packaging orientation and training. 1944.72 Section 1944.72 Agriculture...Application Packaging Grants § 1944.72 Application packaging orientation and training. Agency approval officials...

2010-01-01

418

7 CFR 1944.72 - Application packaging orientation and training.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Application packaging orientation and training. 1944.72 Section 1944.72 Agriculture...Application Packaging Grants § 1944.72 Application packaging orientation and training. Agency approval officials...

2013-01-01

419

7 CFR 1944.72 - Application packaging orientation and training.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Application packaging orientation and training. 1944.72 Section 1944.72 Agriculture...Application Packaging Grants § 1944.72 Application packaging orientation and training. Agency approval officials...

2012-01-01

420

7 CFR 1944.72 - Application packaging orientation and training.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2009-01-01 true Application packaging orientation and training. 1944.72 Section 1944.72 Agriculture...Application Packaging Grants § 1944.72 Application packaging orientation and training. Agency approval officials...

2011-01-01

421

21 CFR 226.80 - Packaging and labeling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 4 2013-04-01...2013-04-01 false Packaging and labeling. 226.80 Section 226.80 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...MEDICATED ARTICLES Packaging and Labeling § 226.80 Packaging...

2013-04-01

422

21 CFR 226.80 - Packaging and labeling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 4 2011-04-01...2011-04-01 false Packaging and labeling. 226.80 Section 226.80 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...MEDICATED ARTICLES Packaging and Labeling § 226.80 Packaging...

2011-04-01

423

21 CFR 226.80 - Packaging and labeling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 4 2014-04-01...2014-04-01 false Packaging and labeling. 226.80 Section 226.80 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...MEDICATED ARTICLES Packaging and Labeling § 226.80 Packaging...

2014-04-01

424

21 CFR 226.80 - Packaging and labeling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 4 2012-04-01...2012-04-01 false Packaging and labeling. 226.80 Section 226.80 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...MEDICATED ARTICLES Packaging and Labeling § 226.80 Packaging...

2012-04-01

425

21 CFR 310.515 - Patient package inserts for estrogens.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Patient package inserts for estrogens. 310...Specific New Drugs or Devices § 310.515 Patient package inserts for estrogens. (a) Requirement for a patient package insert. FDA concludes...

2010-04-01

426

Towards Automatically Improving Package Structure While Respecting Original Design  

E-print Network

Towards Automatically Improving Package Structure While Respecting Original Design Decisions Hani approach that improves packages structure with regard to the well-known design principles, cohesion packages structure. This paper presents a novel multi-objective optimization approach for improving

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

427

Cost Modeling and Design Techniques for Integrated Package Distribution Systems  

E-print Network

Cost Modeling and Design Techniques for Integrated Package Distribution Systems Karen R. Smilowitz and Carlos F. Daganzo June 27, 2002 Abstract Complex package distribution systems are designed using and operation of integrated package distribution systems. Qualitative conclusions suggest that benefits

Daganzo, Carlos F.

428

49 CFR 373.105 - Low value packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Low value packages. 373.105 Section 373.105...and Bills § 373.105 Low value packages. The carrier and shipper may...distribution of “low value” packages. This includes the option of...

2014-10-01

429

27 CFR 28.95 - Change of packages for exportation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false Change of packages for exportation. 28.95 Section...Warehouse § 28.95 Change of packages for exportation. Whenever the...to transfer distilled spirits from packages filled in internal revenue bond...

2012-04-01

430

49 CFR 373.105 - Low value packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Low value packages. 373.105 Section 373.105...and Bills § 373.105 Low value packages. The carrier and shipper may...distribution of “low value” packages. This includes the option of...

2011-10-01

431

27 CFR 28.95 - Change of packages for exportation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Change of packages for exportation. 28.95 Section...Warehouse § 28.95 Change of packages for exportation. Whenever the...to transfer distilled spirits from packages filled in internal revenue bond...

2010-04-01

432

49 CFR 373.105 - Low value packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Low value packages. 373.105 Section 373.105...and Bills § 373.105 Low value packages. The carrier and shipper may...distribution of “low value” packages. This includes the option of...

2013-10-01

433

27 CFR 20.144 - Packages of completely denatured alcohol.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Packages of completely denatured alcohol. 20.144...Completely Denatured Alcohol § 20.144 Packages of completely denatured alcohol. Packages containing more than 5 gallons of...

2010-04-01

434

49 CFR 178.920 - Standards for metal Large Packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Standards for metal Large Packagings. 178.920 Section...Standards § 178.920 Standards for metal Large Packagings. (a) The provisions in this section apply to metal Large Packagings intended to contain...

2010-10-01

435

49 CFR 173.417 - Authorized fissile materials packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...subchapter) phenolic-foam insulated overpack...Handling procedures and packaging criteria must be...173.473. These packagings are authorized only...subchapter) phenolic-foam insulated overpack...Handling procedures and packaging criteria must be...

2011-10-01

436

49 CFR 173.417 - Authorized fissile materials packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...subchapter) phenolic-foam insulated overpack...Handling procedures and packaging criteria must be...173.473. These packagings are authorized only...subchapter) phenolic-foam insulated overpack...Handling procedures and packaging criteria must be...

2010-10-01

437

Controlling lipid oxidation of food by active packaging technologies.  

PubMed

Active packaging is an innovative strategy in preventing lipid oxidation. Different active substances with different mechanisms of action have been investigated for imparting antioxidant activity to active packaging systems, including free radical scavengers, metal chelators, ultraviolet (UV) absorbers, oxygen scavengers, and singlet oxygen quenchers. Antioxidant agents have been incorporated into active packaging systems in different forms, mainly including independent sachet packages, adhesive-bonded labels, physical adsorption/coating on packaging material surface, being incorporated into packaging polymer matrix, multilayer films, and covalent immobilization onto the food contact packaging surface. In this paper, we review recent advances in antioxidant active packaging with the highlight of the development and application of non-migratory active packaging systems. The potential use of emerging technologies in antioxidant active packaging is also emphasized. We further describe challenges and opportunities towards the commercial application of such antioxidant active packaging systems, with a focus on maintaining safety, quality and nutrition of packaged foods. PMID:23576007

Tian, Fang; Decker, Eric A; Goddard, Julie M

2013-04-30

438

Food packages for use on the Gemini 4 flight  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Food packages for use on the Gemini 4 flight. Packages include beef and gravy, peaches, strawberry cereal cubes and beef sandwiches. Water gun is used to reconstitute dehydrated food. Scissors are used to open the packages.

1965-01-01

439

49 CFR 173.60 - General packaging requirements for explosives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...packaging or of the article, or both. (11) Plastic packagings may not be able to generate or accumulate sufficient static electricity to cause the packaged explosive substances or articles to initiate, ignite or inadvertently function. Metal...

2013-10-01

440

49 CFR 173.60 - General packaging requirements for explosives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...packaging or of the article, or both. (11) Plastic packagings may not be able to generate or accumulate sufficient static electricity to cause the packaged explosive substances or articles to initiate, ignite or inadvertently function. Metal...

2012-10-01

441

49 CFR 173.60 - General packaging requirements for explosives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...packaging or of the article, or both. (11) Plastic packagings may not be able to generate or accumulate sufficient static electricity to cause the packaged explosive substances or articles to initiate, ignite or inadvertently function. Metal...

2014-10-01

442

49 CFR 173.60 - General packaging requirements for explosives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...packaging or of the article, or both. (11) Plastic packagings may not be able to generate or accumulate sufficient static electricity to cause the packaged explosive substances or articles to initiate, ignite or inadvertently function. Metal...

2010-10-01

443

49 CFR 173.60 - General packaging requirements for explosives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...packaging or of the article, or both. (11) Plastic packagings may not be able to generate or accumulate sufficient static electricity to cause the packaged explosive substances or articles to initiate, ignite or inadvertently function. Metal...

2011-10-01

444

Compostability of bioplastic packaging materials: an overview.  

PubMed

Packaging waste accounted for 78.81 million tons or 31.6% of the total municipal solid waste (MSW) in 2003 in the USA, 56.3 million tons or 25% of the MSW in 2005 in Europe, and 3.3 million tons or 10% of the MSW in 2004 in Australia. Currently, in the USA the dominant method of packaging waste disposal is landfill, followed by recycling, incineration, and composting. Since landfill occupies valuable space and results in the generation of greenhouse gases and contaminants, recovery methods such as reuse, recycling and/or composting are encouraged as a way of reducing packaging waste disposal. Most of the common materials used in packaging (i.e., steel, aluminum, glass, paper, paperboard, plastics, and wood) can be efficiently recovered by recycling; however, if packaging materials are soiled with foods or other biological substances, physical recycling of these materials may be impractical. Therefore, composting some of these packaging materials is a promising way to reduce MSW. As biopolymers are developed and increasingly used in applications such as food, pharmaceutical, and consumer goods packaging, composting could become one of the prevailing methods for disposal of packaging waste provided that industry, governments, and consumers encourage and embrace this alternative. The main objective of this article is to provide an overview of the current situation of packaging compostability, to describe the main mechanisms that make a biopolymer compostable, to delineate the main methods to compost these biomaterials, and to explain the main standards for assessing compostability, and the current status of biopolymer labeling. Biopolymers such as polylactide and poly(hydroxybutyrate) are increasingly becoming available for use in food, medical, and consumer goods packaging applications. The main claims of these new biomaterials are that they are obtained from renewable resources and that they can be biodegraded in biological environments such as soil and compost. Although recycling could be energetically more favorable than composting for these materials, it may not be practical because of excessive sorting and cleaning requirements. Therefore, the main focus is to dispose them by composting. So far, there is no formal agreement between companies, governments and consumers as to how this packaging composting will take place; therefore, the main drivers for their use have been green marketing and pseudo-environmental consciousness related to high fuel prices. Packaging compostability could be an alternative for the disposal of biobased materials as long as society as a whole is willing to formally address the challenge to clearly understand the cradle-to-grave life of a compostable package, and to include these new compostable polymers in food, manure, or yard waste composting facilities. PMID:17370278

Kale, Gaurav; Kijchavengkul, Thitisilp; Auras, Rafael; Rubino, Maria; Selke, Susan E; Singh, Sher Paul

2007-03-01

445

Package testing capabilities at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to describe the package testing capabilities at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). In the past all of the package testing that was performed at PNL was done on prototype or mocked up radioactive material packaging. Presently, we are developing the capability to perform testing on non-radioactive material packaging. The testing on the non-radioactive material packaging will be done to satisfy the new performance oriented packaging requirements (DOT Docket HM-181, 1991). This paper describes the equipment used to perform the performance oriented packaging tests and also describes some testing capability for testing radioactive material packaging.

Taylor, J.M.

1993-01-01

446

Package testing capabilities at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to describe the package testing capabilities at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). In the past all of the package testing that was performed at PNL was done on prototype or mocked up radioactive material packaging. Presently, we are developing the capability to perform testing on non-radioactive material packaging. The testing on the non-radioactive material packaging will be done to satisfy the new performance oriented packaging requirements (DOT Docket HM-181, 1991). This paper describes the equipment used to perform the performance oriented packaging tests and also describes some testing capability for testing radioactive material packaging.

Taylor, J.M.

1993-06-01

447

Challenging packaging limits and infectivity of phage ?.  

PubMed

The terminase motors of bacteriophages have been shown to be among the strongest active machines in the biomolecular world, being able to package several tens of kilobase pairs of viral genome into a capsid within minutes. Yet, these motors are hindered at the end of the packaging process by the progressive buildup of a force-resisting packaging associated with already packaged DNA. In this experimental work, we raise the issue of what sets the upper limit on the length of the genome that can be packaged by the terminase motor of phage ? and still yield infectious virions and the conditions under which this can be efficiently performed. Using a packaging strategy developed in our laboratory of building phage ? from scratch, together with plaque assay monitoring, we have been able to show that the terminase motor of phage ? is able to produce infectious particles with up to 110% of the wild-type ?-DNA length. However, the phage production rate, and thus the infectivity, decreased exponentially with increasing DNA length and was a factor of 10(3) lower for the 110% ?-DNA phage. Interestingly, our in vitro strategy was still efficient in fully packaging phages with DNA lengths as high as 114% of the wild-type length, but these viruses were unable to infect bacterial cells efficiently. Further, we demonstrated that the phage production rate is modulated by the presence of multivalent ionic species. The biological consequences of these findings are discussed. PMID:22108169

Nurmemmedov, Elmar; Castelnovo, Martin; Medina, Elizabeth; Catalano, Carlos Enrique; Evilevitch, Alex

2012-01-13

448

Challenging packaging limits and infectivity of phage ?  

E-print Network

The terminase motors of bacteriophages have been shown to be among the strongest active machines in the biomolecular world, being able to package several tens of kilobase pairs of viral genome into a capsid within minutes. Yet these motors are hindered at the end of the packaging process by the progressive build-up of a force resisting packaging associated with already packaged DNA. In this experimental work, we raise the issue of what sets the upper limit on the length of the genome that can be packaged by the terminase motor of phage {\\lambda} and still yield infectious virions, and the conditions under which this can be efficiently performed. Using a packaging strategy developed in our laboratory of building phage {\\lambda} from scratch, together with plaque assay monitoring, we have been able to show that the terminase motor of phage {\\lambda} is able to produce infectious particles with up to 110% of the wild-type (WT) {\\lambda}-DNA length. However, the phage production rate, and thus the infectivity, decreased exponentially with increasing DNA length, and was a factor of 103 lower for the 110% {\\lambda}-DNA phage. Interestingly, our in vitro strategy was still efficient in fully packaging phages with DNA lengths as high as 114% of the WT length, but these viruses were unable to infect bacterial cells efficiently. Further, we demonstrated that the phage production rate is modulated by the presence of multivalent ionic species. The biological consequences of these finding are discussed.

Elmar Nurmemmedov; Martin Castelnovo; Elizabeth Medina; Carlos Enrique Catalano; Alex Evilevitch

2011-11-09

449

On DNA packaging into elastic nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years, understanding the process of DNA packaging into elastic nanoparticles is of great interest to advancing practical applications in fields such as drug delivery, global ecology and bacterial pathogenicity. In this study, we adopt a unified continuum and statistical mechanics model by taking into account the effects of DNA bending, electrostatic repulsion between DNA-DNA strands and elastic deformation of the nanoparticles to quantitatively reveal the relation between packaging force, Young's modulus of the nanoparticles and DNA length packaged. We find that particle stiffness can significantly influence the ejection force when the particles are immersed in high electrostatic repulsion solution.

Li, Long; Wang, Jizeng

2013-10-01

450

Flat conductor cable for electrical packaging  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Flat conductor cable (FCC) is relatively new, highly promising means for electrical packaging and system integration. FCC offers numerous desirable traits (weight, volume and cost savings, flexibility, high reliability, predictable and repeatable electrical characteristics) which make it extremely attractive as a packaging medium. FCC, today, finds wide application in everything from integration of lunar equipment to the packaging of electronics in nuclear submarines. Described are cable construction and means of termination, applicable specifications and standards, and total FCC systems. A list of additional sources of data is also included for more intensive study.

Angele, W.

1972-01-01

451

Void-Free Lid for Food Packaging  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Flexible cover eliminates air pockets in sealed container. Universal food-package lid formed from flexible plastic. Partially folded, lid unfolded by depressing center portion. Height of flat portion of lid above flange thereby reduced. Pressure of food against central oval depression pops it out, forming dome that provides finger grip for mixing contents with water or opening lid. Therefore food stays fresh, allows compact stacking of partially filled containers, and resists crushing. Originally developed for packaging dehydrated food for use in human consumption on Space Shuttle missions. Other uses include home canning and commercial food packaging.

Watson, C. D.; Farris, W. P.

1986-01-01

452

Status and Trend of Automotive Power Packaging  

SciTech Connect

Comprehensive requirements in aspects of cost, reliability, efficiency, form factor, weight, and volume for power electronics modules in modern electric drive vehicles have driven the development of automotive power packaging technology intensively. Innovation in materials, interconnections, and processing techniques is leading to enormous improvements in power modules. In this paper, the technical development of and trends in power module packaging are evaluated by examining technical details with examples of industrial products. The issues and development directions for future automotive power module packaging are also discussed.

Liang, Zhenxian [ORNL

2012-01-01

453

The Fireball integrated code package  

SciTech Connect

Many deep-space satellites contain a plutonium heat source. An explosion, during launch, of a rocket carrying such a satellite offers the potential for the release of some of the plutonium. The fireball following such an explosion exposes any released plutonium to a high-temperature chemically-reactive environment. Vaporization, condensation, and agglomeration processes can alter the distribution of plutonium-bearing particles. The Fireball code package simulates the integrated response of the physical and chemical processes occurring in a fireball and the effect these processes have on the plutonium-bearing particle distribution. This integrated treatment of multiple phenomena represents a significant improvement in the state of the art for fireball simulations. Preliminary simulations of launch-second scenarios indicate: (1) most plutonium vaporization occurs within the first second of the fireball; (2) large non-aerosol-sized particles contribute very little to plutonium vapor production; (3) vaporization and both homogeneous and heterogeneous condensation occur simultaneously; (4) homogeneous condensation transports plutonium down to the smallest-particle sizes; (5) heterogeneous condensation precludes homogeneous condensation if sufficient condensation sites are available; and (6) agglomeration produces larger-sized particles but slows rapidly as the fireball grows.

Dobranich, D.; Powers, D.A.; Harper, F.T.

1997-07-01

454

Statistical packages for the Macintosh.  

PubMed

These programs represent the entry of the Mac into major statistical computing. We believe that for the physician researcher who is not a statistician, they make the Mac the platform for data analysis. We found that statistics, research design, and data analysis seemed different and much less intimidating to us and our trainees when approached through the Mac. We have reviewed the versions of these programs available at the time of this writing, in May 1992; potential buyers should contact the software publisher for information about more recent upgrades. At this point, our recommendations would be as follows: If you are wedded to SPSS or Minitab, try the Mac versions, and you will be impressed. Otherwise, the choice is between SYSTAT, which has been around long enough to demonstrate its richness and capacity to build on its strengths, and JMP, a brash newcomer, which demonstrates that you can teach an old dog (SAS) new tricks. StatView and SuperANOVA, while endowed with intuitive, easy-to-use interfaces, lack online help--a feature we consider important in a statistics package. We anticipate that the future will lead to simplification of the SYSTAT interface and the addition of more analytic capacities to JMP--and who knows what the next generation of competitors will bring? PMID:1522794

Friedman, R; Molay, F; Locke, S

1992-01-01

455

Air-depolyable geophysics package  

SciTech Connect

We are using Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory`s (LLNL`s) diverse expertise to develop a geophysical monitoring system that can survive being dropped into place by a helicopter or airplane. Such an air-deployable system could significantly decrease the time and effort needed to set up such instruments in remote locations following a major earthquake or volcanic eruption. Most currently available geophysical monitoring and survey systems, such as seismic monitoring stations, use sensitive, fragile instrumentation that requires personnel trained and experienced in data acquisition and field setup. Rapid deployment of such equipment can be difficult or impossible. Recent developments in low-power electronics, new materials, and sensors that are resistant to severe impacts have made it possible to develop low-cost geophysical monitoring packages for rapid deployment missions. Our strategy was to focus on low-cost battery-powered systems that would have a relatively long (several months) operational lifetime. We concentrated on the conceptual design and engineering of a single-component seismic system that could survive an air-deployment into an earth material, such as alluvium. Actual implementation of such a system is a goal of future work on this concept. For this project, we drew on LLNL`s Earth Sciences Department, Radio Shop, Plastics Shop, and Weapons Program. The military has had several programs to develop air-deployed and cannon-deployed seismometers. Recently, a sonobuoy manufacturer has offered an air-deployable geophone designed to make relatively soft landings.

Hunter, S.L.; Harben, P.E.

1993-11-01

456

PORTABLE ACOUSTIC MONITORING PACKAGE (PAMP)  

SciTech Connect

The Portable Acoustic Monitoring Package (PAMP) has been designed to record and monitor the acoustic signal in natural gas transmission lines. In particular the three acoustic signals associated with a line leak. The system is portable ({approx}30 lbs) and is designed for line pressures up to 1000 psi. It has become apparent that cataloging of the various background acoustic signals in natural gas transmission line is very important if a system to identify leak signals is to be developed. The low-pressure (0-200 psig) laboratory test phase has been completed and a number of field trials have been conducted. Before the cataloging phase could begin, a few problems identified in field trials identified had to be corrected such as: (1) Decreased microphone sensitivity at line pressures above 250 psig. (2) The inability to deal with large data sets collected when cataloging the variety of signals in a transmission line. (3) The lack of an available online acoustic calibration system. These problems have been solved and the WVU PAMP is now fully functional over the entire pressure range found in the Natural Gas transmission lines in this region. Field portability and reliability have been greatly improved. Data collection and storage have also improved to the point were the full acoustic spectrum of acoustic signals can be accurately cataloged, recorded and described.

John L. Loth; Gary J. Morris; George M. Palmer; Richard Guiler; Patrick Browning

2004-07-20

457

Radiation Level Changes at RAM Package Surfaces  

SciTech Connect

This paper will explore design considerations required to meet the regulations that limit radiation level variations at external surfaces of radioactive material (RAM) packages. The radiation level requirements at package surfaces (e.g. TS-R-1 paragraphs 531 and 646) invoke not only maximum radiation levels, but also strict limits on the allowable increase in the radiation level during transport. This paper will explore the regulatory requirements by quantifying the amount of near surface movement and/or payload shifting that results in a 20% increase in the radiation level at the package surface. Typical IP-2, IP-3, Type A and Type B packaging and source geometries will be illustrated. Variations in surface radiation levels are typically the result of changes in the geometry of the surface due to an impact, puncture or crush event, or shifting and settling of radioactive contents.

Opperman, Erich [Washington Savannah River Company] [Washington Savannah River Company; Hawk, Mark B [ORNL] [ORNL; Kapoor, Ashok [U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Packaging and Transportation] [U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Packaging and Transportation; Natali, Ronald [R. B. Natali Consulting, Inc.] [R. B. Natali Consulting, Inc.

2010-01-01

458

7 CFR 29.30 - Package.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

7 ? Agriculture ? 2 ? 2012-01-01 ? 2012-01-01 ? false ? Package. ? 29.30 ? Section 29.30 ? Agriculture ? Regulations of the Department of Agriculture ? AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ? COMMODITY STANDARDS AND...

2012-01-01

459

7 CFR 29.2288 - Package.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

7 ? Agriculture ? 2 ? 2012-01-01 ? 2012-01-01 ? false ? Package. ? 29.2288 ? Section 29.2288 ? Agriculture ? Regulations of the Department of Agriculture ? AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ? COMMODITY STANDARDS AND...

2012-01-01

460

Accurate Measurement of Packaged RF Devices  

E-print Network

on a substrate, which sits on top of a ground plane. One example would be a single-layer PC board. Stripline board Stripline, eg. multilayer PC board or packaged transistor And others: Coplanar waveguide

Anlage, Steven

461

Digital Resource Package for Teaching Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This digital resource package is a collection of online sources to help K-8 teachers create lessons on the Physics subject of energy. Topics include Tutorials and Instructional Resources, Media, and Reference Material.

Laura Moin

462

Waste Package Component Design Methodology Report  

SciTech Connect

This Executive Summary provides an overview of the methodology being used by the Yucca Mountain Project (YMP) to design waste packages and ancillary components. This summary information is intended for readers with general interest, but also provides technical readers a general framework surrounding a variety of technical details provided in the main body of the report. The purpose of this report is to document and ensure appropriate design methods are used in the design of waste packages and ancillary components (the drip shields and emplacement pallets). The methodology includes identification of necessary design inputs, justification of design assumptions, and use of appropriate analysis methods, and computational tools. This design work is subject to ''Quality Assurance Requirements and Description''. The document is primarily intended for internal use and technical guidance for a variety of design activities. It is recognized that a wide audience including project management, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and others are interested to various levels of detail in the design methods and therefore covers a wide range of topics at varying levels of detail. Due to the preliminary nature of the design, readers can expect to encounter varied levels of detail in the body of the report. It is expected that technical information used as input to design documents will be verified and taken from the latest versions of reference sources given herein. This revision of the methodology report has evolved with changes in the waste package, drip shield, and emplacement pallet designs over many years and may be further revised as the design is finalized. Different components and analyses are at different stages of development. Some parts of the report are detailed, while other less detailed parts are likely to undergo further refinement. The design methodology is intended to provide designs that satisfy the safety and operational requirements of the YMP. Four waste package configurations have been selected to illustrate the application of the methodology during the licensing process. These four configurations are the 21-pressurized water reactor absorber plate waste package (21-PWRAP), the 44-boiling water reactor waste package (44-BWR), the 5 defense high-level radioactive waste (HLW) DOE spent nuclear fuel (SNF) codisposal short waste package (5-DHLWDOE SNF Short), and the naval canistered SNF long waste package (Naval SNF Long). Design work for the other six waste packages will be completed at a later date using the same design methodology. These include the 24-boiling water reactor waste package (24-BWR), the 21-pressurized water reactor control rod waste package (21-PWRCR), the 12-pressurized water reactor waste package (12-PWR), the 5 defense HLW DOE SNF codisposal long waste package (5-DHLWDOE SNF Long), the 2 defense HLW DOE SNF codisposal waste package (2-MC012-DHLW), and the naval canistered SNF short waste package (Naval SNF Short). This report is only part of the complete design description. Other reports related to the design include the design reports, the waste package system description documents, manufacturing specifications, and numerous documents for the many detailed calculations. The relationships between this report and other design documents are shown in Figure 1.

D.C. Mecham

2004-07-12

463

Installation package for a solar heating system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Installation information is given for a solar heating system installed in Concho Indian School at El Reno, Oklahoma. This package includes a system Operation and Maintenance Manual, hardware brochures, schematics, system operating modes and drawings.

1978-01-01

464

Installation package for concentrating solar collector panels  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The concentrating solar collector panels comprise a complete package array consisting of collector panels using modified Fresnel prismatic lenses for a 10 to 1 concentrating ratio, supporting framework, fluid manifolding and tracking drive system, and unassembled components for field erection.

1978-01-01

465

Biobased Packaging - Application in Meat Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of growing problems of waste disposal and because petroleum is a nonrenewable resource with diminishing quantities, renewed interest in packaging research is underway to develop and promote the use of \\

S. Wilfred Ruban

2009-01-01

466

Digital Resource Package for Teaching Water Quality  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This digital resource package is a collection of online sources to help K-12 teachers create lessons on the Geology subject of water quality. Topics include Field Trips and Labs, Simulations and Media, Case Studies, Lesson Plans, and Reference Material.

Laura Moin

467

Development of waste packages for tuff  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this program is to develop nuclear waste packages that meet the Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s requirements for a licensed repository in tuff at the Nevada Test Site. Selected accomplishments for FY82 are: (1) Selection, collection of rock, and characterization of suitable outcrops (for lab experiments); (2) Rock-water interactions (Bullfrog Tuff); (3) Corrosion tests of ferrous metals; (4) Thermal modeling of waste package in host rock; (5) Preliminary fabrication tests of alternate backfills (crushed tuff); (6) Reviewed Westinghouse conceptual waste package designs for tuff and began modification for unsaturated zone; and (7) Waste Package Codes (BARIER and WAPPA) now running on our computer. Brief discussions are presented for rock-water interactions, corrosion tests of ferrous metals, and thermal and radionuclide migration modelling.

Rothman, A.J.

1982-09-20

468

Motivating Reluctant Learners: Innovative Contingency Packages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contingency packages can be incorporated into classroom management techniques for reluctant learners (who may have already experienced failure in education) to encourage enthusiasm and motivation for learning. Suggestions are provided for implementing programs using a robot or football concepts. (CB)

Raschke, Donna; And Others

1987-01-01

469

7 CFR 29.3537 - Package.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AGRICULTURE COMMODITY STANDARDS AND STANDARD CONTAINER REGULATIONS TOBACCO INSPECTION Standards Official Standard Grades for Dark Air-Cured Tobacco (u.s. Types 35, 36, 37 and Foreign Type 95) § 29.3537 Package. A hogshead, tierce,...

2010-01-01

470

7 CFR 29.3537 - Package.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AGRICULTURE COMMODITY STANDARDS AND STANDARD CONTAINER REGULATIONS TOBACCO INSPECTION Standards Official Standard Grades for Dark Air-Cured Tobacco (u.s. Types 35, 36, 37 and Foreign Type 95) § 29.3537 Package. A hogshead, tierce,...

2011-01-01

471

FITSH: Software Package for Image Processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

FITSH provides a standalone environment for analysis of data acquired by imaging astronomical detectors. The package provides utilities both for the full pipeline of subsequent related data processing steps (including image calibration, astrometry, source identification, photometry, differential analysis, low-level arithmetic operations, multiple image combinations, spatial transformations and interpolations, etc.) and for aiding the interpretation of the (mainly photometric and/or astrometric) results. The package also features a consistent implementation of photometry based on image subtraction, point spread function fitting and aperture photometry and provides easy-to-use interfaces for comparisons and for picking the most suitable method for a particular problem. The utilities in the package are built on the top of the commonly used UNIX/POSIX shells (hence the name of the package), therefore both frequently used and well-documented tools for such environments can be exploited and managing massive amount of data is rather convenient.

Pál, András

2011-11-01

472

Digital Resource Package for Teaching Evolution  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This digital resource package is a collection of online sources to help K-12 teachers create lessons on the Biology subject of evolution. Topics include Reference Materials, Misconceptions and How to Address Them, Lesson Plans, and Human Evolution.

Laura Moin

473

mediation: R package for causal mediation analysis  

E-print Network

In this paper, we describe the R package mediation for conducting causal mediation analysis in applied empirical research. In many scientific disciplines, the goal of researchers is not only estimating causal effects of a ...

Tingley, Dustin

474

Cooperation of an RNA Packaging Signal and a Viral Envelope Protein in Coronavirus RNA Packaging  

PubMed Central

Murine coronavirus mouse hepatitis virus (MHV) produces a genome-length mRNA, mRNA 1, and six or seven species of subgenomic mRNAs in infected cells. Among these mRNAs, only mRNA 1 is efficiently packaged into MHV particles. MHV N protein binds to all MHV mRNAs, whereas envelope M protein interacts only with mRNA 1. This M protein-mRNA 1 interaction most probably determines the selective packaging of mRNA 1 into MHV particles. A short cis-acting MHV RNA packaging signal is necessary and sufficient for packaging RNA into MHV particles. The present study tested the possibility that the selective M protein-mRNA 1 interaction is due to the packaging signal in mRNA 1. Regardless of the presence or absence of the packaging signal, N protein bound to MHV defective interfering RNAs and intracellularly expressed non-MHV RNA transcripts to form ribonucleoprotein complexes; M protein, however, interacted selectively with RNAs containing the packaging signal. Moreover, only the RNA that interacted selectively with M protein was efficiently packaged into MHV particles. Thus, it was the packaging signal that mediated the selective interaction between M protein and viral RNA to drive the specific packaging of RNA into virus particles. This is the first example for any RNA virus in which a viral envelope protein and a known viral RNA packaging signal have been shown to determine the specificity and selectivity of RNA packaging into virions. PMID:11533169

Narayanan, Krishna; Makino, Shinji

2001-01-01

475

Scope on Safety: Avoid surprise packages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR), parts 171--180 explain what is required of a shipper to transport hazardous materials safely. The regulations cover classification, packaging, incident reporting, and handling of hazardous materials. Hazardous material packaging is the first line of defense in helping to prevent the material from being released during transportation. School personnel who deal with hazardous shipments should review the suggestions outlined in this month's column.

Ken Roy

2008-04-01

476

Packaging material for thin film lithium batteries  

DOEpatents

A thin film battery including components which are capable of reacting upon exposure to air and water vapor incorporates a packaging system which provides a barrier against the penetration of air and water vapor. The packaging system includes a protective sheath overlying and coating the battery components and can be comprised of an overlayer including metal, ceramic, a ceramic-metal combination, a parylene-metal combination, a parylene-ceramic combination or a parylene-metal-ceramic combination.

Bates, John B. (116 Baltimore Dr., Oak Ridge, TN 37830); Dudney, Nancy J. (11634 S. Monticello Rd., Knoxville, TN 37922); Weatherspoon, Kim A. (223 Wadsworth Pl., Oak Ridge, TN 37830)

1996-01-01

477

Reliability of industrial packaging for microsystems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Packaging concepts for silicon-based micromachined sensors exposed to harsh environments are explored. By exposing the sensors directly to the media and applying protection at the wafer level the packaging and assembly will be simplified as compared to conventional methods of fabrication.Protective coatings of amorphous silicon carbide and tantalum oxide are suitable candidates with etch rates below 0.1 Å\\/h in aqueous

P. Gravesen; C. Christensen; S. Weichel; S. Bouwstra; J. Janting; G. F. Eriksen; K. Dyrbye; T. R. Brown; J. P. Krog; O. S. Jensen

1998-01-01

478

Formal Definition of UML's Package Concept  

Microsoft Academic Search

: UML is the first OO modeling language with a useful modularizationand information hiding concept. It supports nesting, import, and refinement ofso-called packages. This paper translates UML's informal package definition intopredicate logic formulas and solves some open problems concerning the visibilityof exported and imported modeling elements.Furthermore, the formulas will be transformed into a specification based on PROgrammedGraph REwriting Systems. We

A. Schurr; Rwth Aachen

1998-01-01

479

The IRAF radial velocity analysis package  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The IRAF Radial Velocity Analysis package is described and future plans are presented. A discussion of the current strengths and weaknesses of the package is given along with an analysis of the accuracies that can be expected for a given data set. An overview of the cross-correlation task is presented along with atypical examples of it's use. Future plans for new tasks and algorithms are also described.

Fitzpatrick, M.

1992-01-01

480

Microsystem packaging of an RF SAW correlator.  

SciTech Connect

An electrically programmable surface acoustic wave (SAW) correlator was recently completed from design through small scale production in support of low power space-based communications for NASA. Three different versions of this RF microsystem were built to satisfy design requirements and overcome packaging and system reliability related issues. Flip-chip packaging and conventional thick film hybrid assembly techniques are compared in the fabrication of this microsystem.

Palmer, David A.; Brocato, Robert Wesley; Studor, George F.

2005-01-01

481

Robotica: a Mathematica package for robot analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Robotica is a computer aided design package for robotic manipulators developed in the Coordinated Science Laboratory at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. It encapsulates over 30 functions into a Mathematica package allowing efficient symbolic and numeric calculation of kinematic and dynamic equations for multi-degree-of-freedom manipulators. An X-Windows front end that utilizes the interprocess communication features of Mathematica 2.1 has

J. F. Nethery; M. W. Spong

1994-01-01

482

HOPSPACK: Hybrid Optimization Parallel Search Package.  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we describe the technical details of HOPSPACK (Hybrid Optimization Parallel SearchPackage), a new software platform which facilitates combining multiple optimization routines into asingle, tightly-coupled, hybrid algorithm that supports parallel function evaluations. The frameworkis designed such that existing optimization source code can be easily incorporated with minimalcode modification. By maintaining the integrity of each individual solver, the strengths and codesophistication of the original optimization package are retained and exploited.4

Gray, Genetha A.; Kolda, Tamara G.; Griffin, Joshua; Taddy, Matt; Martinez-Canales, Monica

2008-12-01

483

Packaging for microelectromechanical and nanoelectromechanical systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Packaging is a core technology for the advancement of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) and nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS). We discuss MEMS packaging challenges in the context of functional interfaces, reliability, modeling and integration. These challenges are application-dependent; therefore, two case studies on accelerometers and BioMEMS are presented for an in-depth illustration. Presently, most NEMS are in the exploratory stage and hence a

Y. C. Lee; Babak Amir Parviz; J. Albert Chiou; Shaochen Chen

2003-01-01

484

ADIPLS -- the Aarhus adiabatic oscillation package  

E-print Network

Development of the Aarhus adiabatic pulsation code started around 1978. Although the main features have been stable for more than a decade, development of the code is continuing, concerning numerical properties and output. The code has been provided as a generally available package and has seen substantial use at a number of installations. Further development of the package, including bringing the documentation closer to being up to date, is planned as part of the HELAS Coordination Action.

J. Christensen-Dalsgaard

2007-10-16

485

Glass Ceramic Formulation Data Package  

SciTech Connect

A glass ceramic waste form is being developed for treatment of secondary waste streams generated by aqueous reprocessing of commercial used nuclear fuel (Crum et al. 2012b). The waste stream contains a mixture of transition metals, alkali, alkaline earths, and lanthanides, several of which exceed the solubility limits of a single phase borosilicate glass (Crum et al. 2009; Caurant et al. 2007). A multi-phase glass ceramic waste form allows incorporation of insoluble components of the waste by designed crystallization into durable heat tolerant phases. The glass ceramic formulation and processing targets the formation of the following three stable crystalline phases: (1) powellite (XMoO4) where X can be (Ca, Sr, Ba, and/or Ln), (2) oxyapatite Yx,Z(10-x)Si6O26 where Y is alkaline earth, Z is Ln, and (3) lanthanide borosilicate (Ln5BSi2O13). These three phases incorporate the waste components that are above the solubility limit of a single-phase borosilicate glass. The glass ceramic is designed to be a single phase melt, just like a borosilicate glass, and then crystallize upon slow cooling to form the targeted phases. The slow cooling schedule is based on the centerline cooling profile of a 2 foot diameter canister such as the Hanford High-Level Waste canister. Up to this point, crucible testing has been used for glass ceramic development, with cold crucible induction melter (CCIM) targeted as the ultimate processing technology for the waste form. Idaho National Laboratory (INL) will conduct a scaled CCIM test in FY2012 with a glass ceramic to demonstrate the processing behavior. This Data Package documents the laboratory studies of the glass ceramic composition to support the CCIM test. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) measured melt viscosity, electrical conductivity, and crystallization behavior upon cooling to identify a processing window (temperature range) for melter operation and cooling profiles necessary to crystallize the targeted phases in the waste form.

Crum, Jarrod V.; Rodriguez, Carmen P.; McCloy, John S.; Vienna, John D.; Chung, Chul-Woo

2012-06-17

486

CERAMIC WASTE FORM DATA PACKAGE  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this data package is to provide information about simulated crystalline waste forms that can be used to select an appropriate composition for a Cold Crucible Induction Melter (CCIM) proof of principle demonstration. Melt processing, viscosity, electrical conductivity, and thermal analysis information was collected to assess the ability of two potential candidate ceramic compositions to be processed in the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) CCIM and to guide processing parameters for the CCIM operation. Given uncertainties in the CCIM capabilities to reach certain temperatures throughout the system, one waste form designated 'Fe-MP' was designed towards enabling processing and another, designated 'CAF-5%TM-MP' was designed towards optimized microstructure. Melt processing studies confirmed both compositions could be poured from a crucible at 1600{degrees}C although the CAF-5%TM-MP composition froze before pouring was complete due to rapid crystallization (upon cooling). X-ray diffraction measurements confirmed the crystalline nature and phase assemblages of the compositions. The kinetics of melting and crystallization appeared to vary significantly between the compositions. Impedance spectroscopy results indicated the electrical conductivity is acceptable with respect to processing in the CCIM. The success of processing either ceramic composition will depend on the thermal profiles throughout the CCIM. In particular, the working temperature of the pour spout relative to the bulk melter which can approach 1700{degrees}C. The Fe-MP composition is recommended to demonstrate proof of principle for crystalline simulated waste forms considering the current configuration of INL's CCIM. If proposed modifications to the CCIM can maintain a nominal temperature of 1600{degrees}C throughout the melter, drain, and pour spout, then the CAF-5%TM-MP composition should be considered for a proof of principle demonstration.

Amoroso, J.; Marra, J.

2014-06-13

487

Protection of microelectronic devices during packaging  

DOEpatents

The present invention relates to a method of protecting a microelectronic device during device packaging, including the steps of applying a water-insoluble, protective coating to a sensitive area on the device; performing at least one packaging step; and then substantially removing the protective coating, preferably by dry plasma etching. The sensitive area can include a released MEMS element. The microelectronic device can be disposed on a wafer. The protective coating can be a vacuum vapor-deposited parylene polymer, silicon nitride, metal (e.g. aluminum or tungsten), a vapor deposited organic material, cynoacrylate, a carbon film, a self-assembled monolayered material, perfluoropolyether, hexamethyldisilazane, or perfluorodecanoic carboxylic acid, silicon dioxide, silicate glass, or combinations thereof. The present invention also relates to a method of packaging a microelectronic device, including: providing a microelectronic device having a sensitive area; applying a water-insoluble, protective coating to the sensitive area; providing a package; attaching the device to the package; electrically interconnecting the device to the package; and substantially removing the protective coating from the sensitive area.

Peterson, Kenneth A. (Albuquerque, NM); Conley, William R. (Tijeras, NM)

2002-01-01

488

Effectiveness of antimicrobial food packaging materials.  

PubMed

Antimicrobial additives have been used successfully for many years as direct food additives. The literature provides evidence that some of these additives may be effective as indirect food additives incorporated into food packaging materials. Antimicrobial food packaging is directed toward the reduction of surface contamination of processed, prepared foods such as sliced meats and Frankfurter sausages (hot dogs). The use of such packaging materials is not meant to be a substitute for good sanitation practices, but it should enhance the safety of food as an additional hurdle for the growth of pathogenic and/or spoilage microorganisms. Studies have focused on establishing methods for coating low-density polyethylene film or barrier films with methyl cellulose as a carrier for nisin. These films have significantly reduced the presence of Listeria monocytogenes in solutions and in vacuum packaged hot dogs. Other research has focused on the use of chitosan to inhibit L. monocytogenes and chlorine dioxide sachets for the reduction of Salmonella on modified atmosphere-packaged fresh chicken breasts. Overall, antimicrobial packaging shows promise as an effective method for the inhibition of certain bacteria in foods, but barriers to their commercial implementation continue to exist. PMID:16227182

Cooksey, K

2005-10-01

489

49 CFR 173.418 - Authorized packages-pyrophoric Class 7 (radioactive) materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Authorized packages-pyrophoric Class 7...173.418 Authorized packages—pyrophoric Class 7...not exceeding A2 per package must be transported...be packaged in Type B packages. [Amdt....

2013-10-01

490

10 CFR 20.1906 - Procedures for receiving and opening packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...receiving and opening packages. 20.1906 Section...receiving and opening packages. (a) Each licensee...expects to receive a package containing quantities...levels unless the package contains quantities...3) Monitor all packages known to...

2013-01-01

491

7 CFR 51.1215 - Application of tolerances to individual packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of tolerances to individual packages. 51.1215 Section 51...tolerances to individual packages. (a) The contents of individual packages in the lot, based on...decay may be permitted in any package. (2) For packages...

2010-01-01

492

42 CFR 110.41 - How to file a Request Package.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false How to file a Request Package. 110.41 Section 110...Procedures for Filing Request Packages § 110.41 How to file a Request Package. A Request Package...calculate benefits. Request Packages may be submitted...

2014-10-01

493

42 CFR 110.41 - How to file a Request Package.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false How to file a Request Package. 110.41 Section 110...Procedures for Filing Request Packages § 110.41 How to file a Request Package. A Request Package...calculate benefits. Request Packages may be submitted...

2011-10-01

494

42 CFR 110.41 - How to file a Request Package.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false How to file a Request Package. 110.41 Section 110...Procedures for Filing Request Packages § 110.41 How to file a Request Package. A Request Package...calculate benefits. Request Packages may be submitted...

2013-10-01

495

42 CFR 110.41 - How to file a Request Package.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false How to file a Request Package. 110.41 Section 110...Procedures for Filing Request Packages § 110.41 How to file a Request Package. A Request Package...calculate benefits. Request Packages may be submitted...

2012-10-01

496

10 CFR 20.1906 - Procedures for receiving and opening packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...receiving and opening packages. 20.1906 Section...receiving and opening packages. (a) Each licensee...expects to receive a package containing quantities...levels unless the package contains quantities...3) Monitor all packages known to...

2012-01-01

497

27 CFR 20.179 - Package identification number or serial number.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Package identification number...Dealers § 20.179 Package identification number... A dealer who fills packages with specially denatured spirits shall mark each package with a package...

2011-04-01

498

10 CFR 20.1906 - Procedures for receiving and opening packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...receiving and opening packages. 20.1906 Section...receiving and opening packages. (a) Each licensee...expects to receive a package containing quantities...levels unless the package contains quantities...3) Monitor all packages known to...

2011-01-01

499

27 CFR 28.192 - Packages of distilled spirits to be gauged.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Packages of distilled spirits to...Removal § 28.192 Packages of distilled spirits to...original gauge, spirits in packages which are to be removed...packages are gauged, a package gauge record shall...

2011-04-01

500

7 CFR 51.1215 - Application of tolerances to individual packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...of tolerances to individual packages. 51.1215 Section 51...tolerances to individual packages. (a) The contents of individual packages in the lot, based on...decay may be permitted in any package. (2) For packages...

2014-01-01