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1

Ceremony Theming Packages Package One  

E-print Network

Ceremony Theming Packages Package One White stackable chairs (30 for guests, 2 for bridal couple) Signing table with white cloth $250.00 (Saturday) or $350.00 (Sunday) Package Two White folding chairs (30) Package Three Wooden folding chairs (30 for guests, 2 for bridal couple) Signing table with white cloth

Tobar, Michael

2

Scoring Package  

National Institute of Standards and Technology Data Gateway

NIST Scoring Package (PC database for purchase) The NIST Scoring Package (Special Database 1) is a reference implementation of the draft Standard Method for Evaluating the Performance of Systems Intended to Recognize Hand-printed Characters from Image Data Scanned from Forms.

3

Molecular Package  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This package contains a number of Physlets that are based on a simple hard-disk molecular model. As shown in the examples on the CD, each disk can be set to have a unique size, mass, and color. In addition, each disk can act as a data source that delivers position and velocity information. Finally, the entire ensemble can act as a data source that delivers ensemble averages and histogram data to data listeners.

Christian, Wolfgang; Belloni, Mario

2008-02-09

4

Seafood Packaging  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Technology Transfer Office at Stennis Space Center worked with a New Orleans seafood packaging company to develop a container to improve the shipping longevity of seafood, primarily frozen and fresh fish, while preserving the taste. A NASA engineer developed metalized heat resistant polybags with thermal foam liners using an enhanced version of the metalized mylar commonly known as 'space blanket material,' which was produced during the Apollo era.

1996-01-01

5

SUSPICIOUS PACKAGES What is a suspicious package?  

E-print Network

SUSPICIOUS PACKAGES What is a suspicious package? Any item that is out of place and not easily identified. Suspicious packages can range from unopened letters to unattended backpacks. Reasons for concern a suspicious package? · DO NOT open, shake, sniff, touch, taste, or look closely at the contents. · NOTIFY

Fernandez, Eduardo

6

SUSPICIOUS PACKAGES What is a suspicious package?  

E-print Network

SUSPICIOUS PACKAGES What is a suspicious package? Any item that is out of place and not easily identified. Suspicious packages can range from unopened letters to unattended backpacks. Reasons for concern I do if I discover a suspicious package? DO NOT open, shake, sniff, touch, taste, or look closely

Fernandez, Eduardo

7

SUSPICIOUS PACKAGES What is a suspicious package?  

E-print Network

SUSPICIOUS PACKAGES What is a suspicious package? Any item that is out of place and not easily identified. Suspicious packages can range from unopened letters to unattended backpacks. Reasons for concern a suspicious package? DO NOT open, shake, sniff, touch, taste, or look closely at the contents. NOTIFY

Fernandez, Eduardo

8

RH Packaging Operations Manual  

Microsoft Academic Search

This procedure provides operating instructions for the RH-TRU 72-B Road Cask, Waste Shipping Package. In this document, ''Packaging'' refers to the assembly of components necessary to ensure compliance with the packaging requirements (not loaded with a payload). ''Package'' refers to a Type B packaging that, with its radioactive contents, is designed to retain the integrity of its containment and shielding

2003-01-01

9

Science packages  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Primary science teachers in Scotland have a new updating method at their disposal with the launch of a package of CDi (Compact Discs Interactive) materials developed by the BBC and the Scottish Office. These were a response to the claim that many primary teachers felt they had been inadequately trained in science and lacked the confidence to teach it properly. Consequently they felt the need for more in-service training to equip them with the personal understanding required. The pack contains five disks and a printed user's guide divided up as follows: disk 1 Investigations; disk 2 Developing understanding; disks 3,4,5 Primary Science staff development videos. It was produced by the Scottish Interactive Technology Centre (Moray House Institute) and is available from BBC Education at £149.99 including VAT. Free Internet distribution of science education materials has also begun as part of the Global Schoolhouse (GSH) scheme. The US National Science Teachers' Association (NSTA) and Microsoft Corporation are making available field-tested comprehensive curriculum material including 'Micro-units' on more than 80 topics in biology, chemistry, earth and space science and physics. The latter are the work of the Scope, Sequence and Coordination of High School Science project, which can be found at http://www.gsh.org/NSTA_SSandC/. More information on NSTA can be obtained from its Web site at http://www.nsta.org.

1997-01-01

10

Package Surface Blueprints: Visually Supporting the Understanding of Package Relationships  

E-print Network

Package Surface Blueprints: Visually Supporting the Understanding of Package Relationships Accepted Abstract Large object-oriented applications are structured over large number of packages. Packages...). Maintainers of large applications face the problem of understanding how packages are structured in general

Ducasse, Stéphane

11

Why packages? The Windows tools  

E-print Network

Why packages? The Windows tools A sample package Going further Package Development in Windows from August 13, 2008; updated November 23, 2012 1 of 45 #12;Why packages? The Windows tools A sample package Going further Outline 1 Why packages? What are packages? Alternatives to packages Benefits

Murdoch, Duncan

12

Flexible packaging of foods  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rationale for packaging foods in flexible materials is reviewed from product and marketing viewpoints. For each category of food, published and other information on markets, packaging requirements, packaging and equipment are discussed. Food products packaging in flexible materials which are reviewed fall into the categories: bakery; biscuit and cracker; canned foods; cereals; coffee; confectionery; convenience foods; dairy; dehydrated; desserts:

Aaron L. Brody; Stanley Sacharow

1970-01-01

13

Comparative Packaging Study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation describes a comparative packaging study for use on long duration space missions. The topics include: 1) Purpose; 2) Deliverables; 3) Food Sample Selection; 4) Experimental Design Matrix; 5) Permeation Rate Comparison; and 6) Packaging Material Information.

Perchonok, Michele; Antonini, David

2008-01-01

14

Nicad battery packages  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Problems encountered with purchased battery packages and increasing requirements for larger capacity cells in sounding rocket payloads led to the development of the battery packages in this report. Gell cells, lead acid batteries, silver cells and lithium batteries were considered along with nickel-cadmium (nicad) cells; however, nicads proved to be the most versatile. Several packaging concepts considering ease of assembly and servicing; minimization of weight and volume; and payload environmental requirements were evaluated.

Tracy, F. J.; Tweed, H. M., Jr.

1986-02-01

15

Package thermal resistance: geometrical effects in conventional and hybrid packages  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of package geometry on thermal resistance for a set of six package configurations is studied. With thermal resistance network models it is possible to determine the junction-to-ambient thermal resistance for each package type under a variety of external cooling conditions. It is found that as the external package cooling technology improves, the thermal resistances for different package configurations

WILLIAM E. PENCE; J. PETER KRUSIUS

1990-01-01

16

Package Order (ECC-C) 1 Package Order  

E-print Network

Package Order (ECC-C) 1 Package Order for use with framework contracts based on the NEC3 ECC: Construction and refurbishment of buildings in the Tshimologong Precinct - Braamfontein Package Order No: 1 Title of Work Package: Tshimologong Precinct - Phase 1 Contract Data associated with a Work Package Part

Wagner, Stephan

17

Packaging Python code and Sphinx 1 Python packages  

E-print Network

Packaging Python code and Sphinx 1 Python packages extending Python with your own package making the Python interface phcpy 3 Documenting Software with Sphinx Sphinx generates documentation generating) Packaging Python code and Sphinx 7 October 2013 1 / 41 #12;Packaging Python code and Sphinx 1 Python

Verschelde, Jan

18

Interconnection and Packaging Issues of  

Microsoft Academic Search

Integrated circuit packaging and their testing is well advanced because of the maturity of the IC industry, their wide applications, and availability of industrial infrastructure.(1,2) This is not true for MEMS with respect to packaging and testing. It is more difficult to adopt standardized MEMS device packaging for wide applications although MEMS use many similar technologies to IC packaging. Packaging

COTS MEMS; Rajeshuni Ramesham

19

WASTE PACKAGE TRANSPORTER DESIGN  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Design Analysis is to develop preliminary design of the waste package transporter used for waste package (WP) transport and related functions in the subsurface repository. This analysis refines the conceptual design that was started in Phase I of the Viability Assessment. This analysis supports the development of a reliable emplacement concept and a retrieval concept for license application design. The scope of this analysis includes the following activities: (1) Assess features of the transporter design and evaluate alternative design solutions for mechanical components. (2) Develop mechanical equipment details for the transporter. (3) Prepare a preliminary structural evaluation for the transporter. (4) Identify and recommend the equipment design for waste package transport and related functions. (5) Investigate transport equipment interface tolerances. This analysis supports the development of the waste package transporter for the transport, emplacement, and retrieval of packaged radioactive waste forms in the subsurface repository. Once the waste containers are closed and accepted, the packaged radioactive waste forms are termed waste packages (WP). This terminology was finalized as this analysis neared completion; therefore, the term disposal container is used in several references (i.e., the System Description Document (SDD)) (Ref. 5.6). In this analysis and the applicable reference documents, the term ''disposal container'' is synonymous with ''waste package''.

D.C. Weddle; R. Novotny; J. Cron

1998-09-23

20

Thermomechanical reliability analysis of package-on-package assembly  

Microsoft Academic Search

Package on Package (PoP) is a packaging technology that one package is placed on top of another package to integrate different functionalities while still maintain same foot print size. The advantages of PoP are evident, but there are also some challenges with respect to packaging and Surface Mounting Technology (SMT). Due to the complex architecture of PoP, some reliability issues

Hailong Liu; Shaohua Yang

2011-01-01

21

Packaging Concerns/Techniques for Large Devices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews packaging challenges and options for electronic parts. The presentation includes information about non-hermetic packages, space challenges for packaging and complex package variations.

Sampson, Michael J.

2009-01-01

22

Modular electronics packaging system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A modular electronics packaging system includes multiple packaging slices that are mounted horizontally to a base structure. The slices interlock to provide added structural support. Each packaging slice includes a rigid and thermally conductive housing having four side walls that together form a cavity to house an electronic circuit. The chamber is enclosed on one end by an end wall, or web, that isolates the electronic circuit from a circuit in an adjacent packaging slice. The web also provides a thermal path between the electronic circuit and the base structure. Each slice also includes a mounting bracket that connects the packaging slice to the base structure. Four guide pins protrude from the slice into four corresponding receptacles in an adjacent slice. A locking element, such as a set screw, protrudes into each receptacle and interlocks with the corresponding guide pin. A conduit is formed in the slice to allow electrical connection to the electronic circuit.

Hunter, Don J. (Inventor)

2001-01-01

23

RH Packaging Operations Manual  

SciTech Connect

This procedure provides operating instructions for the RH-TRU 72-B Road Cask, Waste Shipping Package. In this document, ''Packaging'' refers to the assembly of components necessary to ensure compliance with the packaging requirements (not loaded with a payload). ''Package'' refers to a Type B packaging that, with its radioactive contents, is designed to retain the integrity of its containment and shielding when subject to the normal conditions of transport and hypothetical accident test conditions set forth in 10 CFR Part 71. Loading of the RH 72-B cask can be done two ways, on the RH cask trailer in the vertical position or by removing the cask from the trailer and loading it in a facility designed for remote-handling (RH). Before loading the 72-B cask, loading procedures and changes to the loading procedures for the 72-B cask must be sent to CBFO at sitedocuments@wipp.ws for approval.

Washington TRU Solutions LLC

2003-09-17

24

RH Packaging Program Guidance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this program guidance document is to provide the technical requirements for use, operation, inspection, and maintenance of the RH-TRU 72-B Waste Shipping Package and directly related components. This document complies with the requirements as specified in the RH-TRU 72-B Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP), and Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Certificate of Compliance (C of C) 9212.

2006-01-01

25

CH Packaging Program Guidance  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to provide the technical requirements for preparation for use, operation, inspection, and maintenance of a Transuranic Package Transporter Model II (TRUPACT-II), a HalfPACT Shipping Package, and directly related components. This document complies with the minimum requirements as specified in TRUPACT-II Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP), HalfPACT SARP, and Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Certificates of Compliance (C of C) 9218 and 9279, respectively. In the event there is a conflict between this document and the SARP or C of C, the SARP and/or C of C shall govern. C of Cs state: ''each package must be prepared for shipment and operated in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 7.0, Operating Procedures, of the application.'' They further state: ''each package must be tested and maintained in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 8.0, Acceptance Tests and Maintenance Program of the Application.'' Chapter 9.0 of the SAR P charges the WIPP Management and Operation (M&O) contractor with assuring packaging is used in accordance with the requirements of the C of C. Because the packaging is NRC-approved, users need to be familiar with 10 CFR 71.11. Any time a user suspects or has indications that the conditions of approval in the C of C were not met, the Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO) shall be notified immediately. CBFO will evaluate the issue and notify the NRC if required. This document details the instructions to be followed to operate, maintain, and test the TRUPACT-II and HalfPACT packaging. The intent of these instructions is to standardize these operations. All users will follow these instructions or equivalent instructions that assure operations are safe and meet the requirements of the SARPs.

Washington TRU Solutions LLC

2002-03-04

26

CH Packaging Program Guidance  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to provide the technical requirements for preparation for use, operation, inspection, and maintenance of a Transuranic Package Transporter Model II (TRUPACT-II), a HalfPACT shipping package, and directly related components. This document complies with the minimum requirements as specified in the TRUPACT-II Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP), HalfPACT SARP, and Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Certificates of Compliance (C of C) 9218 and 9279, respectively. In the event of a conflict between this document and the SARP or C of C, the C of C shall govern. The C of Cs state: ''each package must be prepared for shipment and operated in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 7.0, Operating Procedures, of the application.'' They further state: ''each package must be tested and maintained in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 8.0, Acceptance Tests and Maintenance Program of the Application.'' Chapter 9.0 of the SARP charges the WIPP management and operating (M&O) contractor with assuring packaging is used in accordance with the requirements of the C of C. Because the packaging is NRC-approved, users need to be familiar with 10 CFR 71.11. Any time a user suspects or has indications that the conditions of approval in the C of C were not met, the Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO) shall be notified immediately. CBFO will evaluate the issue and notify the NRC if required. This document provides the instructions to be followed to operate, maintain, and test the TRUPACT-II and HalfPACT packaging. The intent of these instructions is to standardize operations. All users will follow these instructions or equivalent instructions that assure operations are safe and meet the requirements of the SARPs.

Washington TRU Solutions LLC

2003-04-30

27

The ENSDF Java Package  

SciTech Connect

A package of computer codes has been developed to process and display nuclear structure and decay data stored in the ENSDF (Evaluated Nuclear Structure Data File) library. The codes were written in an object-oriented fashion using the java language. This allows for an easy implementation across multiple platforms as well as deployment on web pages. The structure of the different java classes that make up the package is discussed as well as several different implementations.

Sonzogni, A.A. [National Nuclear Data Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973-5000 (United States)

2005-05-24

28

Electronic Packaging Techniques  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A characteristic of aerospace system design is that equipment size and weight must always be kept to a minimum, even in small components such as electronic packages. The dictates of spacecraft design have spawned a number of high-density packaging techniques, among them methods of connecting circuits in printed wiring boards by processes called stitchbond welding and parallel gap welding. These processes help designers compress more components into less space; they also afford weight savings and lower production costs.

1979-01-01

29

Comparative Packaging Study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Future long duration manned space flights beyond low earth orbit will require the food system to remain safe, acceptable and nutritious. Development of high barrier food packaging will enable this requirement by preventing the ingress and egress of gases and moisture. New high barrier food packaging materials have been identified through a trade study. Practical application of this packaging material within a shelf life test will allow for better determination of whether this material will allow the food system to meet given requirements after the package has undergone processing. The reason to conduct shelf life testing, using a variety of packaging materials, stems from the need to preserve food used for mission durations of several years. Chemical reactions that take place during longer durations may decrease food quality to a point where crew physical or psychological well-being is compromised. This can result in a reduction or loss of mission success. The rate of chemical reactions, including oxidative rancidity and staling, can be controlled by limiting the reactants, reducing the amount of energy available to drive the reaction, and minimizing the amount of water available. Water not only acts as a media for microbial growth, but also as a reactant and means by which two reactants may come into contact with each other. The objective of this study is to evaluate three packaging materials for potential use in long duration space exploration missions.

Perchonok, Michele H.; Oziomek, Thomas V.

2009-01-01

30

( 'tams Dlvllan LSPE EXPLOSIVE PACKAGE  

E-print Network

~ ( ·'tams Dlvl·lan LSPE EXPLOSIVE PACKAGE STOWAGE THERMAL CONSTRAINTS LSPE EXPLOSIVE PACKAGE presents the study of LSPE High Explosive Package and transport frame stowage thermal constraints subsequent to LM touchdown and prior to lunar deployment. Approved by: #12;LSPE EXPLOSIVE PACKAGE STOWAGE

Rathbun, Julie A.

31

Packaging Systems and Design Fall/Spring Semester Packaging Systems and Design Introductory Courses  

E-print Network

Packaging Systems and Design Fall/Spring Semester Packaging Systems and Design Introductory of Packaging (SBIO 2104) Packaging systems, materials, and forms and their relationship and consumer products; packaging laws and regulations. Pre: none (3H,3C) Packaging

Buehrer, R. Michael

32

Food Packaging Materials  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The photos show a few of the food products packaged in Alure, a metallized plastic material developed and manufactured by St. Regis Paper Company's Flexible Packaging Division, Dallas, Texas. The material incorporates a metallized film originally developed for space applications. Among the suppliers of the film to St. Regis is King-Seeley Thermos Company, Winchester, Ma'ssachusetts. Initially used by NASA as a signal-bouncing reflective coating for the Echo 1 communications satellite, the film was developed by a company later absorbed by King-Seeley. The metallized film was also used as insulating material for components of a number of other spacecraft. St. Regis developed Alure to meet a multiple packaging material need: good eye appeal, product protection for long periods and the ability to be used successfully on a wide variety of food packaging equipment. When the cost of aluminum foil skyrocketed, packagers sought substitute metallized materials but experiments with a number of them uncovered problems; some were too expensive, some did not adequately protect the product, some were difficult for the machinery to handle. Alure offers a solution. St. Regis created Alure by sandwiching the metallized film between layers of plastics. The resulting laminated metallized material has the superior eye appeal of foil but is less expensive and more easily machined. Alure effectively blocks out light, moisture and oxygen and therefore gives the packaged food long shelf life. A major packaging firm conducted its own tests of the material and confirmed the advantages of machinability and shelf life, adding that it runs faster on machines than materials used in the past and it decreases product waste; the net effect is increased productivity.

1978-01-01

33

MMIC packaging with Waffleline  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The design principle of Waffleline, a patented MMIC packaging technology, is discussed, and several recent applications are described and illustrated with drawings, diagrams, and photographs. Standard Waffleline is a foil-covered waffle-iron-like grid with dielectric-coated signal and power wires running in the channels and foil-removed holes for mounting prepackaged chips or chip carriers. With spacing of 50 mils between center conductors, this material is applicable at frequencies up to 40 GHz; EHF devices require Waffleline with 25-mil spacing. Applications characterized include a subassembly for a man-transportable SHF satellite-communication terminal, a transmitter driver for a high-power TWT, and a 60-GHz receiver front end (including an integrated monolithic microstrip antenna, a low-noise amplifier, a mixer, and an IF amplifier in a 0.25-inch-thick 1.6-inch-diameter package). The high package density and relatively low cost of Waffleline are emphasized.

Perry, R. W.; Ellis, T. T.; Schineller, E. R.

1990-06-01

34

Affiliation Package REGULAR CLUBS  

E-print Network

Affiliation Package REGULAR CLUBS =Club Name: To become affiliated, you must do the following (tick as you comply): Hold an AGM (Annual General Meeting): q Give Notice of the AGM to Club members and Arc Student Development via email to clubs@arc.unsw.edu.au, at least 7 days in advance of the meeting. q Fill

Blennerhassett, Peter

35

Affiliation Package SMALL CLUBS  

E-print Network

Affiliation Package SMALL CLUBS =Club Name: To become affiliated, you must do the following (tick as you comply): Hold an AGM (Annual General Meeting): q Give Notice of the AGM to Club members and Arc Student Development via email to clubs@arc.unsw.edu.au, at least 7 days in advance of the meeting. q Fill

Blennerhassett, Peter

36

Affiliation Package CONSTITUENT CLUBS  

E-print Network

Affiliation Package CONSTITUENT CLUBS =Club Name: To become affiliated, you must do the following (tick as you comply): Hold an AGM (Annual General Meeting): q Give Notice of the AGM to Club members and Arc Student Development via email to clubs@arc.unsw.edu.au, at least 7 days in advance of the meeting

Blennerhassett, Peter

37

Package for fragile objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

A package for fragile objects such as radioactive fusion pellets of micron size shipped in mounted condition or unmounted condition with a frangible inner container which is supported in a second inner container which in turn is supported in a final outer container, the second inner container having recesses for supporting alternate design inner containers.

Burgeson; Duane A

1977-01-01

38

Contents of Tour Packages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Brochures were used to compare the contents of tour packages through European countries. The tours originated in the United Kingdom, Denmark, and Israel, all situated on the fringes of Europe. It was assumed that both actual and perceived distance between originating country and destination would be associated with the numbers and variety of such tours available from a particular country.

Yael Enoch

1996-01-01

39

Waste disposal package  

DOEpatents

This is a claim for a waste disposal package including an inner or primary canister for containing hazardous and/or radioactive wastes. The primary canister is encapsulated by an outer or secondary barrier formed of a porous ceramic material to control ingress of water to the canister and the release rate of wastes upon breach on the canister. 4 figs.

Smith, M.J.

1985-06-19

40

Radioactive waste disposal package  

DOEpatents

A radioactive waste disposal package comprising a canister for containing vitrified radioactive waste material and a sealed outer shell encapsulating the canister. A solid block of filler material is supported in said shell and convertible into a liquid state for flow into the space between the canister and outer shell and subsequently hardened to form a solid, impervious layer occupying such space.

Lampe, Robert F. (Bethel Park, PA)

1986-01-01

41

Web Technology (elective package)  

E-print Network

Web Technology (elective package) Offered by: Department of Mathematics and Computer Science? Computer Science-based approaches and enabling technologies for the web. Course descriptions Human and efficient. Web Technology The web has become the major source of information retrieval and is playing

Franssen, Michael

42

The chet package  

E-print Network

This is a sample produced using chet. This package is inspired by Paul Ginsparg's harvmac, but uses LaTeX2e instead of TeX. The commands provided are to be used as faster alternatives to LaTeX2e's default environments (which can all still be used with chet).

Andreas Stergiou

2011-06-14

43

Packaged air conditioner  

Microsoft Academic Search

This patent describes a package terminal air conditioning unit that is formed of an interior unit disposed within a building, a separate exterior unit disposed outside the building, and connecting duct means connecting the interior unit to the exterior unit, in which the interior unit comprises a cabinet, an indoor heat exchanger coil, and a cylindrical fan which includes a

Blair

1988-01-01

44

Alternative Astronomical Software Packages  

Microsoft Academic Search

At a time when the United Nations, in collaboration with Wolfram Research, has selected the Mathematica software package to inform developing countries about available scientific tools, it is important to review other choices of software being used by active scientists around the world. For observational astronomers with large volumes of digital data to be analyzed, the main challenges are data

M. R. Prez

1997-01-01

45

Techniques for optoelectronic packaging  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Digital electronics has become so low-cost that practically all electronic systems of any kind have digital chips at their heart--that is, information is shuttled from subsystem to subsystem in digital format as its flow is controlled by digital control signals generated by digital subsystems. In general, analog or optical subsystems are used for signal transmission between digital subsystems. As 'packaging' refers to the elements of a system that are used to interconnect bare dies to bare dies, one can think of analog and optical systems as packaging and refer to insertion of analog and optical components into a digital system as an alternative form of packaging. In this paper we will discuss optoelectronic packaging reserach as research associated with inserting optics in electronic systems. Optoelectronics has proven to be the technology of choice for long-haul communications as well as compact disc player redout. In order for the applications of optoelectronics to become widespread, much will have to be done to solve problems associated with the generation and reception of the optical signals and problems associated with the compatibility of digital and analog electronics with optoelectronic components. These problems include laser-to-waveguide alignment, electrical modulation of optical signals, and receiver complexity. These research issues will be discussed in the following manuscript.

Mickelson, Alan R.

1995-09-01

46

CH Packaging Maintenance Manual  

SciTech Connect

This procedure provides instructions for performing inner containment vessel (ICV) and outer containment vessel (OCV) maintenance and periodic leakage rate testing on the following packaging seals and corresponding seal surfaces using a nondestructive helium (He) leak test. In addition, this procedure provides instructions for performing ICV and OCV structural pressure tests.

Washington TRU Solutions

2002-01-02

47

April 2008 BEE CULTURE 43 Package timePackage time  

E-print Network

April 2008 BEE CULTURE 43 Package timePackage time Jennifer Berry It of March. This month bees are being shook by the millions into packages (weather dependent of course then you should be first in line for your bees. If you haven't placed an order you may have a hard time

Delaplane, Keith S.

48

Package Shift in Plastic-Packaged Bandgap References  

E-print Network

-Mora, and D. Briggs, "Voltage shift in plastic-packaged bandgap references," IEEE Trans. Circuits Sys. ­ II of package shift with temperature for various samples 1. 1. B. Abesinga, G. A. Rincón-Mora, and D. Briggs. Rincón-Mora, and D. Briggs, "Voltage shift in plastic-packaged bandgap references," IEEE Trans. Circuits

Rincon-Mora, Gabriel A.

49

Silver Package Snacks (Choose 2)  

E-print Network

___Deli Sandwiches ___Pizza (CH, SAUS, PEPP) Dessert (Choose 2): ___Asst. Cookie & Brownie Tray Chicken Sandwiches ___Grilled Chicken Sandwiches ___Deli Sandwiches Dessert (Choose 1): ___Asst. Cookie Suite Packages include Event Tickets, Parking Passes, Food & Beverage according to the Package you

Karonis, Nicholas T.

50

It's all In the Package  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students explore the concept of "reducing" solid waste and how it relates to product packaging and engineering advancements in packaging materials. Students read about and evaluate the highly publicized packaging decisions of two major U.S. corporations. They will evaluate different ways to package items in order to minimize the environmental impact, while considering issues such as cost, availability, product attractiveness, etc. Students will explore "hydrapulping" and consider its use as a recycling process.

2014-09-18

51

Packaging of optical MEMS devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, optical MEMS devices have gained considerable attention in the telecommunications industry -- particularly in the optical networking and switching arenas. Since optical MEMS are micro-systems which rely on high precision optics, electronics and mechanics working in close concert, these emerging devices pose some unique packaging challenges yet to be addressed by the general packaging industry. Optical MEMS packages often

Yee L. Low; Ronald E. Scotti; David A. Ramsey; Cristian A. Bolle; Steven P. O'Neill; Khanh C. Nguyen

2001-01-01

52

FMTOMOFMTOMO Fast Marching Tomography Package  

E-print Network

FMTOMOFMTOMO Fast Marching Tomography Package: Instruction Manual by Nick Rawlinson Research School;1 Introduction This document describes how to use the Fortran software package FMTOMO to perform 3-D traveltime to be reconciled. The long term goal of the FMTOMO project is to produce a comprehensive package for carrying out

Rawlinson, Nick

53

Green Packaging: A Guideline and Tools for Environmentally Sound Packaging Practices for Computer and Electronics  

E-print Network

Green Packaging: A Guideline and Tools for Environmentally Sound Packaging Practices for Computer, Corporate Packaging Program Manager, Hewlett Packard Roland Geyer, Assistant Professor, Bren School #12;Green Packaging: A Guideline and Tools for Environmentally Sound Packaging Practices for Computer

Fabrikant, Sara Irina

54

49 CFR 178.602 - Preparation of packagings and packages for testing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Preparation of packagings and packages for testing. 178.602 Section...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS Testing of Non-bulk Packagings and Packages 178.602 Preparation...

2011-10-01

55

49 CFR 178.602 - Preparation of packagings and packages for testing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Preparation of packagings and packages for testing. 178.602 Section...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS Testing of Non-bulk Packagings and Packages 178.602 Preparation...

2012-10-01

56

49 CFR 178.602 - Preparation of packagings and packages for testing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 false Preparation of packagings and packages for testing. 178.602 Section...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS Testing of Non-bulk Packagings and Packages 178.602 Preparation...

2013-10-01

57

49 CFR 173.63 - Packaging exceptions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Packaging exceptions. 173.63 Section 173.63...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Definitions, Classification and Packaging for Class 1 173.63 Packaging...

2010-10-01

58

Anticounterfeit packaging technologies  

PubMed Central

Packaging is the coordinated system that encloses and protects the dosage form. Counterfeit drugs are the major cause of morbidity, mortality, and failure of public interest in the healthcare system. High price and well-known brands make the pharma market most vulnerable, which accounts for top priority cardiovascular, obesity, and antihyperlipidemic drugs and drugs like sildenafil. Packaging includes overt and covert technologies like barcodes, holograms, sealing tapes, and radio frequency identification devices to preserve the integrity of the pharmaceutical product. But till date all the available techniques are synthetic and although provide considerable protection against counterfeiting, have certain limitations which can be overcome by the application of natural approaches and utilization of the principles of nanotechnology. PMID:22247875

Shah, Ruchir Y.; Prajapati, Prajesh N.; Agrawal, Y. K.

2010-01-01

59

Financial Market Stabilization Package  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Korean Ministry of Finance and Economy site contains details of The Financial Market Stabilization Package aimed at solving the financial crisis announced on November 19, 1997. The beginning of the financial crisis in South Korea can be traced to the collapse of Hanbo Steel Corp., the first in a string of large corporate failures in South Korea. This was followed by the decline in the value of the Korean won against the dollar in October 1997, which persisted until November when the Central Bank of Korea stopped intervening to support the won. The continued decline in won forced the Korean government to seek financial assistance from the International Monetary Fund (IMF). On December 3, the IMF announced a $55 billion aid package for South Korea.

1997-01-01

60

Hasbun Classical Mechanics Package  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Hasbun Classical Mechanics Package is a self-contained Java package of OSP programs in support of the textbook: Classical Mechanics with MATLAB Applications. Classical Mechanics with MATLAB Applications is a resource for the advanced undergraduate taking introduction to classical mechanics. Filled with comprehensive examples and thorough descriptions, this text guides students through the complex topics of rigid body motion, moving coordinate systems, Lagrange's equations, small vibrations, the Euler algorithm, and much more. Step-by-step illustrations, examples and computational physics tools further enhance learning and understanding by demonstrating accessible ways of obtaining mathematical solutions. In addition to the numerous examples throughout, each chapter contains a section of MATLAB code to introduce the topic of programming scripts and their modification for the reproduction of graphs and simulations.

Hasbun, Javier

2008-06-23

61

KAPPA -- Kernel Application Package  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

KAPPA is an applications package comprising about 180 general-purpose commands for image processing, data visualisation, and manipulation of the standard Starlink data format---the NDF. It is intended to work in conjunction with Starlink's various specialised packages. In addition to the NDF, KAPPA can also process data in other formats by using the `on-the-fly' conversion scheme. Many commands can process data arrays of arbitrary dimension, and others work on both spectra and images. KAPPA operates from both the UNIX C-shell and the ICL command language. This document describes how to use KAPPA and its features. There is some description of techniques too, including a section on writing scripts. This document includes several tutorials and is illustrated with numerous examples. The bulk of this document comprises detailed descriptions of each command as well as classified and alphabetical summaries.

Currie, Malcolm J.; Berry, David. S.

62

Simple Foucault Precession Package  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Simple Foucault Precession Launcher package shows seven examples of a particle moving on a plane that is inclined at a fixed angle with respect to the xy plane and rotating at a constant angle with respect to the z axis. This simple system is used to model the rate of Foucault precession. The materials in this resource are described in an article titled "Foucault precession manifested in a simple system."

Bharadhwaj, Praveen

2014-08-20

63

Alternative Astronomical Software Packages  

Microsoft Academic Search

At a time when the United Nations, in collaboration with Wolfram Research, has selected the Mathematica software package to\\u000a inform developing countries about available scientific tools, it is important to review other choices of software being used\\u000a by active scientists around the world. For observational astronomers with large volumes of digital data to be analyzed, the\\u000a main challenges are data

M. R. Prez

1997-01-01

64

Computational Neuroscience Package  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Computational Neuroscience Launcher Package contains read-to-run computer models that describe the biophysics of the action potential. Contained within the launcher are nine models in four sections; each of the sections illustrates a different aspect of neural dynamics. Section one has models with variables corresponding to specific biological properties, section two models have analytically-determinable firing rates based on input, section three emphasizes phase-plane analysis, and section four shows the dynamics of neural networks. Each model represents just one approach to the still-developing field of neuroscience. The Computational Neuroscience Launcher Package was developed using the Easy Java Simulations (EJS) modeling tool. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double clicking the jar file will run the program if Java is installed. You can modify the simulations in this package if you have EJS installed by right-clicking within a running stimulation and selecting "Open Ejs Model" from the pop-up menu item.

Thomson, Colin F.

2012-12-27

65

Optimal segmentation and packaging process  

DOEpatents

A process for improving packaging efficiency uses three dimensional, computer simulated models with various optimization algorithms to determine the optimal segmentation process and packaging configurations based on constraints including container limitations. The present invention is applied to a process for decontaminating, decommissioning (D&D), and remediating a nuclear facility involving the segmentation and packaging of contaminated items in waste containers in order to minimize the number of cuts, maximize packaging density, and reduce worker radiation exposure. A three-dimensional, computer simulated, facility model of the contaminated items are created. The contaminated items are differentiated. The optimal location, orientation and sequence of the segmentation and packaging of the contaminated items is determined using the simulated model, the algorithms, and various constraints including container limitations. The cut locations and orientations are transposed to the simulated model. The contaminated items are actually segmented and packaged. The segmentation and packaging may be simulated beforehand. In addition, the contaminated items may be cataloged and recorded.

Kostelnik, Kevin M. (Idaho Falls, ID); Meservey, Richard H. (Idaho Falls, ID); Landon, Mark D. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1999-01-01

66

Safety Analysis Report for packaging (onsite) steel waste package  

SciTech Connect

The steel waste package is used primarily for the shipment of remote-handled radioactive waste from the 324 Building to the 200 Area for interim storage. The steel waste package is authorized for shipment of transuranic isotopes. The maximum allowable radioactive material that is authorized is 500,000 Ci. This exceeds the highway route controlled quantity (3,000 A{sub 2}s) and is a type B packaging.

BOEHNKE, W.M.

2000-07-13

67

Packaging - Materials review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nowadays, a large number of different electrochemical energy storage systems are known. In the last two decades the development was strongly driven by a continuously growing market of portable electronic devices (e.g. cellular phones, lap top computers, camcorders, cameras, tools). Current intensive efforts are under way to develop systems for automotive industry within the framework of electrically propelled mobility (e.g. hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, full electric vehicles) and also for the energy storage market (e.g. electrical grid stability, renewable energies). Besides the different systems (cell chemistries), electrochemical cells and batteries were developed and are offered in many shapes, sizes and designs, in order to meet performance and design requirements of the widespread applications. Proper packaging is thereby one important technological step for designing optimum, reliable and safe batteries for operation. In this contribution, current packaging approaches of cells and batteries together with the corresponding materials are discussed. The focus is laid on rechargeable systems for industrial applications (i.e. alkaline systems, lithium-ion, lead-acid). In principle, four different cell types (shapes) can be identified - button, cylindrical, prismatic and pouch. Cell size can be either in accordance with international (e.g. International Electrotechnical Commission, IEC) or other standards or can meet application-specific dimensions. Since cell housing or container, terminals and, if necessary, safety installations as inactive (non-reactive) materials reduce energy density of the battery, the development of low-weight packages is a challenging task. In addition to that, other requirements have to be fulfilled: mechanical stability and durability, sealing (e.g. high permeation barrier against humidity for lithium-ion technology), high packing efficiency, possible installation of safety devices (current interrupt device, valve, etc.), chemical inertness, cost issues, and others. Finally, proper cell design has to be considered for effective thermal management (i.e. cooling and heating) of battery packs.

Herrmann, Matthias

2014-06-01

68

Refraction of Light Package  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Refraction of Light Package explores light traveling through media of difference indices of refraction. The user can change the beginning and end points of the light ray as well as the location of the light at the interface and note what light path minimizes light travel time and thereby develop Snell's Law. The Refraction and Least Time Model was created using the Easy Java Simulations (EJS) modeling tool. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double clicking the ejs_bu_Refraction_Snell.jar file will run the program if Java is installed.

Duffy, Andrew

2010-04-25

69

KAPPA: Kernel Applications Package  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

KAPPA comprising about 180 general-purpose commands for image processing, data visualization, and manipulation of the standard Starlink data format--the NDF. It works with Starlink's various specialized packages; in addition to the NDF, KAPPA can also process data in other formats by using the "on-the-fly" conversion scheme. Many commands can process data arrays of arbitrary dimension, and others work on both spectra and images. KAPPA operates from both the UNIX C-shell and the ICL command language. KAPPA uses the Starlink environment (ascl:1110.012).

Currie, Malcolm J.; Berry, David S.

2014-03-01

70

Space station power semiconductor package  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A package of high-power switching semiconductors for the space station have been designed and fabricated. The package includes a high-voltage (600 volts) high current (50 amps) NPN Fast Switching Power Transistor and a high-voltage (1200 volts), high-current (50 amps) Fast Recovery Diode. The package features an isolated collector for the transistors and an isolated anode for the diode. Beryllia is used as the isolation material resulting in a thermal resistance for both devices of .2 degrees per watt. Additional features include a hermetical seal for long life -- greater than 10 years in a space environment. Also, the package design resulted in a low electrical energy loss with the reduction of eddy currents, stray inductances, circuit inductance, and capacitance. The required package design and device parameters have been achieved. Test results for the transistor and diode utilizing the space station package is given.

Balodis, Vilnis; Berman, Albert; Devance, Darrell; Ludlow, Gerry; Wagner, Lee

1987-01-01

71

The reduction of packaging waste  

SciTech Connect

Nationwide, packaging waste comprises approximately one third of the waste being sent to our solid waste landfills. These wastes range from product and shipping containers made from plastic, glass, wood, and corrugated cardboard to packaging fillers and wraps made from a variety of plastic materials such as shrink wrap and polystyrene peanuts. The amount of packaging waste generated is becoming an important issue for manufacturers, retailers, and consumers. Elimination of packaging not only conserves precious landfill space, it also reduces consumption of raw materials and energy, all of which result in important economic and environmental benefits. At the US Department of Energy-Richland Field Office`s (DOE-RL) Hanford Site as well as other DOE sites the generation of packaging waste has added importance. By reducing the amount of packaging waste, DOE also reduces the costs and liabilities associated with waste handling, treatment, storage, and disposal.

Raney, E.A.; McCollom, M.; Hogan, J.

1993-04-01

72

The reduction of packaging waste  

SciTech Connect

Nationwide, packaging waste comprises approximately one third of the waste being sent to our solid waste landfills. These wastes range from product and shipping containers made from plastic, glass, wood, and corrugated cardboard to packaging fillers and wraps made from a variety of plastic materials such as shrink wrap and polystyrene peanuts. The amount of packaging waste generated is becoming an important issue for manufacturers, retailers, and consumers. Elimination of packaging not only conserves precious landfill space, it also reduces consumption of raw materials and energy, all of which result in important economic and environmental benefits. At the US Department of Energy-Richland Field Office's (DOE-RL) Hanford Site as well as other DOE sites the generation of packaging waste has added importance. By reducing the amount of packaging waste, DOE also reduces the costs and liabilities associated with waste handling, treatment, storage, and disposal.

Raney, E.A.; McCollom, M.; Hogan, J.

1993-04-01

73

Nicad battery packages. Technical report  

SciTech Connect

Problems encountered with purchased battery packages and increasing requirements for larger-capacity cells in sounding-rocket payloads led to the development of the battery packages in this report. Gell cells, lead-acid batteries, silver cells, and lithium batteries were considered along with nickel-cadmium (nicad) cells; however, nicads proved to be the most versatile. Several packaging concepts considering ease of assembly and servicing; minimization of weight and volume; and payload environmental requirements were evaluated.

Tracy, F.J.; Tweed, H.M.

1986-02-01

74

IN-PACKAGE CHEMISTRY ABSTRACTION  

SciTech Connect

This report was developed in accordance with the requirements in ''Technical Work Plan for Postclosure Waste Form Modeling'' (BSC 2005 [DIRS 173246]). The purpose of the in-package chemistry model is to predict the bulk chemistry inside of a breached waste package and to provide simplified expressions of that chemistry as a function of time after breach to Total Systems Performance Assessment for the License Application (TSPA-LA). The scope of this report is to describe the development and validation of the in-package chemistry model. The in-package model is a combination of two models, a batch reactor model, which uses the EQ3/6 geochemistry-modeling tool, and a surface complexation model, which is applied to the results of the batch reactor model. The batch reactor model considers chemical interactions of water with the waste package materials, and the waste form for commercial spent nuclear fuel (CSNF) waste packages and codisposed (CDSP) waste packages containing high-level waste glass (HLWG) and DOE spent fuel. The surface complexation model includes the impact of fluid-surface interactions (i.e., surface complexation) on the resulting fluid composition. The model examines two types of water influx: (1) the condensation of water vapor diffusing into the waste package, and (2) seepage water entering the waste package as a liquid from the drift. (1) Vapor-Influx Case: The condensation of vapor onto the waste package internals is simulated as pure H{sub 2}O and enters at a rate determined by the water vapor pressure for representative temperature and relative humidity conditions. (2) Liquid-Influx Case: The water entering a waste package from the drift is simulated as typical groundwater and enters at a rate determined by the amount of seepage available to flow through openings in a breached waste package.

E. Thomas

2005-07-14

75

The staden sequence analysis package  

Microsoft Academic Search

I describe the current version of the sequence analysis package developed at the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, which\\u000a has come to be known as the Staden Package. The package covers most of the standard sequence analysis tasks such as restriction\\u000a site searching, translation, pattern searching, comparison, gene finding, and secondary structure prediction, and provides\\u000a powerful tools for DNA sequence

Rodger Staden

1996-01-01

76

Japan's electronic packaging technologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The JTEC panel found Japan to have significant leadership over the United States in the strategic area of electronic packaging. Many technologies and products once considered the 'heart and soul' of U.S. industry have been lost over the past decades to Japan and other Asian countries. The loss of consumer electronics technologies and products is the most notable of these losses, because electronics is the United States' largest employment sector and is critical for growth businesses in consumer products, computers, automobiles, aerospace, and telecommunications. In the past there was a distinction between consumer and industrial product technologies. While Japan concentrated on the consumer market, the United States dominated the industrial sector. No such distinction is anticipated in the future; the consumer-oriented technologies Japan has dominated are expected to characterize both domains. The future of U.S. competitiveness will, therefore, depend on the ability of the United States to rebuild its technological capabilities in the area of portable electronic packaging.

Tummala, Rao R.; Pecht, Michael

1995-02-01

77

Japan's electronic packaging technologies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The JTEC panel found Japan to have significant leadership over the United States in the strategic area of electronic packaging. Many technologies and products once considered the 'heart and soul' of U.S. industry have been lost over the past decades to Japan and other Asian countries. The loss of consumer electronics technologies and products is the most notable of these losses, because electronics is the United States' largest employment sector and is critical for growth businesses in consumer products, computers, automobiles, aerospace, and telecommunications. In the past there was a distinction between consumer and industrial product technologies. While Japan concentrated on the consumer market, the United States dominated the industrial sector. No such distinction is anticipated in the future; the consumer-oriented technologies Japan has dominated are expected to characterize both domains. The future of U.S. competitiveness will, therefore, depend on the ability of the United States to rebuild its technological capabilities in the area of portable electronic packaging.

Tummala, Rao R.; Pecht, Michael

1995-01-01

78

Tamper indicating packaging  

SciTech Connect

Protecting sensitive items from undetected tampering in an unattended environment is crucial to the success of non-proliferation efforts relying on the verification of critical activities. Tamper Indicating Packaging (TIP) technologies are applied to containers, packages, and equipment that require an indication of a tamper attempt. Examples include: the transportation and storage of nuclear material, the operation and shipment of surveillance equipment and monitoring sensors, and the retail storage of medicine and food products. The spectrum of adversarial tampering ranges from attempted concealment of a pin-hole sized penetration to the complete container replacement, which would involve counterfeiting efforts of various degrees. Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) has developed a technology base for advanced TIP materials, sensors, designs, and processes which can be adapted to various future monitoring systems. The purpose of this technology base is to investigate potential new technologies, and to perform basic research of advanced technologies. This paper will describe the theory of TIP technologies and recent investigations of TIP technologies at SNL.

Baumann, M.J.; Bartberger, J.C.; Welch, T.D.

1994-08-01

79

Naval Waste Package Design Report  

SciTech Connect

A design methodology for the waste packages and ancillary components, viz., the emplacement pallets and drip shields, has been developed to provide designs that satisfy the safety and operational requirements of the Yucca Mountain Project. This methodology is described in the ''Waste Package Design Methodology Report'' Mecham 2004 [DIRS 166168]. To demonstrate the practicability of this design methodology, four waste package design configurations have been selected to illustrate the application of the methodology. These four design configurations are the 21-pressurized water reactor (PWR) Absorber Plate waste package, the 44-boiling water reactor (BWR) waste package, the 5-defense high-level waste (DHLW)/United States (U.S.) Department of Energy (DOE) spent nuclear fuel (SNF) Co-disposal Short waste package, and the Naval Canistered SNF Long waste package. Also included in this demonstration is the emplacement pallet and continuous drip shield. The purpose of this report is to document how that design methodology has been applied to the waste package design configurations intended to accommodate naval canistered SNF. This demonstrates that the design methodology can be applied successfully to this waste package design configuration and support the License Application for construction of the repository.

M.M. Lewis

2004-03-15

80

Anhydrous Ammonia Training Module. Trainer's Package. Participant's Package.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains a trainer's and a participant's package for teaching employees on site safe handling procedures for working with anhydrous ammonia, especially on farms. The trainer's package includes the following: a description of the module; a competency; objectives; suggested instructional aids; a training outline (or lesson plan) for

Beaudin, Bart; And Others

81

Romanian experience on packaging testing  

SciTech Connect

With more than twenty years ago, the Institute for Nuclear Research Pitesti (INR), through its Reliability and Testing Laboratory, was licensed by the Romanian Nuclear Regulatory Body- CNCAN and to carry out qualification tests [1] for packages intended to be used for the transport and storage of radioactive materials. Radioactive materials, generated by Romanian nuclear facilities [2] are packaged in accordance with national [3] and the IAEA's Regulations [1,6] for a safe transport to the disposal center. Subjecting these packages to the normal and simulating test conditions accomplish the evaluation and certification in order to prove the package technical performances. The paper describes the qualification tests for type A and B packages used for transport and storage of radioactive materials, during a period of 20 years of experience. Testing is used to substantiate assumption in analytical models and to demonstrate package structural response. The Romanian test facilities [1,3,6] are used to simulate the required qualification tests and have been developed at INR Pitesti, the main supplier of type A packages used for transport and storage of low radioactive wastes in Romania. The testing programme will continue to be a strong option to support future package development, to perform a broad range of verification and certification tests on radioactive material packages or component sections, such as packages used for transport of radioactive sources to be used for industrial or medical purposes [2,8]. The paper describes and contain illustrations showing some of the various tests packages which have been performed during certain periods and how they relate to normal conditions and minor mishaps during transport. Quality assurance and quality controls measures taken in order to meet technical specification provided by the design there are also presented and commented. (authors)

Vieru, G. [IAEA Technical Expert, Head, Reliability and Testing Lab., Institute for Nuclear Research (Romania)

2007-07-01

82

Cigarette package design: opportunities for disease prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To learn how cigarette packages are designed and to determine to what extent cigarette packages are designed to target children. METHODS: A computer search was made of all Internet websites that post tobacco industry documents using the search terms: packaging, package design, package study, box design, logo, trademark and design study. All documents were retrieved electronically and analyzed by

JR DiFranza; DM Clark; RW Pollay

2003-01-01

83

Tritium waste package  

DOEpatents

A containment and waste package system for processing and shipping tritium oxide waste received from a process gas includes an outer drum and an inner drum containing a disposable molecular sieve bed (DMSB) seated within the outer drum. The DMSB includes an inlet diffuser assembly, an outlet diffuser assembly, and a hydrogen catalytic recombiner. The DMSB absorbs tritium oxide from the process gas and converts it to a solid form so that the tritium is contained during shipment to a disposal site. The DMSB is filled with type 4A molecular sieve pellets capable of adsorbing up to 1000 curies of tritium. The recombiner contains a sufficient amount of catalyst to cause any hydrogen and oxygen present in the process gas to recombine to form water vapor, which is then adsorbed onto the DMSB. 1 fig.

Rossmassler, R.; Ciebiera, L.; Tulipano, F.J.; Vinson, S.; Walters, R.T.

1995-11-07

84

Tritium waste package  

DOEpatents

A containment and waste package system for processing and shipping tritium xide waste received from a process gas includes an outer drum and an inner drum containing a disposable molecular sieve bed (DMSB) seated within outer drum. The DMSB includes an inlet diffuser assembly, an outlet diffuser assembly, and a hydrogen catalytic recombiner. The DMSB absorbs tritium oxide from the process gas and converts it to a solid form so that the tritium is contained during shipment to a disposal site. The DMSB is filled with type 4A molecular sieve pellets capable of adsorbing up to 1000 curies of tritium. The recombiner contains a sufficient amount of catalyst to cause any hydrogen add oxygen present in the process gas to recombine to form water vapor, which is then adsorbed onto the DMSB.

Rossmassler, Rich (Cranbury, NJ); Ciebiera, Lloyd (Titusville, NJ); Tulipano, Francis J. (Teaneck, NJ); Vinson, Sylvester (Ewing, NJ); Walters, R. Thomas (Lawrenceville, NJ)

1995-01-01

85

Chip packaging technique  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A hermetically sealed package for at least one semiconductor chip is provided which is formed of a substrate having electrical interconnects thereon to which the semiconductor chips are selectively bonded, and a lid which preferably functions as a heat sink, with a hermetic seal being formed around the chips between the substrate and the heat sink. The substrate is either formed of or includes a layer of a thermoplastic material having low moisture permeability which material is preferably a liquid crystal polymer (LCP) and is a multiaxially oriented LCP material for preferred embodiments. Where the lid is a heat sink, the heat sink is formed of a material having high thermal conductivity and preferably a coefficient of thermal expansion which substantially matches that of the chip. A hermetic bond is formed between the side of each chip opposite that connected to the substrate and the heat sink. The thermal bond between the substrate and the lid/heat sink may be a pinched seal or may be provided, for example by an LCP frame which is hermetically bonded or sealed on one side to the substrate and on the other side to the lid/heat sink. The chips may operate in the RF or microwave bands with suitable interconnects on the substrate and the chips may also include optical components with optical fibers being sealed into the substrate and aligned with corresponding optical components to transmit light in at least one direction. A plurality of packages may be physically and electrically connected together in a stack to form a 3D array.

Jayaraj, Kumaraswamy (Inventor); Noll, Thomas E. (Inventor); Lockwood, Harry F. (Inventor)

2001-01-01

86

The geometry package Hideo Umeki  

E-print Network

The geometry package Hideo Umeki hideo.umeki@toshiba.co.jp 1999/10/07 (v2.2) Abstract This package. Contents 1 Preface to Version 2 1 2 Introduction 2 3 Page Geometry 2 3.1 Layout Dimensions . . . . . . 2 3: · The geometry options using the keyval scheme can be set in the optional argument to the \\usepackage command

Gkioulekas, Eleftherios - Department of Mathematics, University of Texas

87

LSP EXPLOSIVE PACKAGES FRAGMENTATION STUDY  

E-print Network

ATM 1046 LSP EXPLOSIVE PACKAGES FRAGMENTATION STUDY Prepared by: ,11. 15. :n-~ G. B. Min Approved considerations the probability of fragments from an LSP explosive package striking the ALSEP Central Station Experiment requires that Explosive Charges be detonated on the luoar surface early in the ALSEP lunar mission

Rathbun, Julie A.

88

Floriculture. Selected Learning Activity Packages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This series of learning activity packages is based on a catalog of performance objectives, criterion-referenced measures, and performance guides for gardening/groundskeeping developed by the Vocational Education Consortium of States (V-TECS). Learning activity packages are presented in four areas: (1) preparation of soils and planting media, (2)

Clemson Univ., SC. Vocational Education Media Center.

89

Small Cold Temperature Instrument Packages  

Microsoft Academic Search

We are developing a small cold temperature instrument package concept that integrates a cold temperature power system with ultra low temperature ultra low power electronics components and power supplies now under development into a cold temperature surface operational version of a planetary surface instrument package. We are already in the process of developing a lower power lower temperature version for

P. E. Clark; P. S. Millar; P. S. Yeh; S. Feng; D. Brigham; B. Beaman

2011-01-01

90

Silicon-On-Silicon Packaging  

Microsoft Academic Search

Honeywell's new packaging technique uses silicon as a multichip substrate. Multiple integrated circuit (IC) chips are flip bonded by controlled collapse joining to a silicon substrate. The silicon substratc provides the interconnections between chips and the next level of interface. The silicon substrate is subseqently epoxy bonded to a ceramic substrate, and the package is then completed by wire bonding

R. Spielberger; C. Huang; W. Nunne; A. Mones; D. Fett; F. Hampton

1984-01-01

91

Ascending Auctions with Package Bidding  

Microsoft Academic Search

A family of ascending package auction models is introduced in which bidders may determine their own packages on which to bid. In the proxy auction (revelation game) versions, the outcome is a point in the core of the exchange economy for the reported preferences. When payoffs are linear in money and goods are substitutes, sincere reporting constitutes a Nash equilibrium

Lawrence M. Ausubel; Paul R. Milgrom

2002-01-01

92

The stdclsdv package* Peter Wilson  

E-print Network

. The package is designed to work with the standard LATEX * *document classes book, report by the document class. Contents 1 Introduction 1 2 by the document class. The stdclsdv package provides a solution for for the case when the document class is one

Mintmire, John W.

93

Why do software packages conflict?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Determining whether two or more packages cannot be installed together is an important issue in the quality assurance process of package-based distributions. Unfortunately, the sheer number of different configurations to test makes this task particularly challenging, and hundreds of such incompatibilities go undetected by the normal testing and distribution process until they are later reported by a user as bugs

Cyrille Artho; Kuniyasu Suzaki; Roberto Di Cosmo; Ralf Treinen; Stefano Zacchiroli

2012-01-01

94

Ethnography: A Learning Package Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of an instructional package for use with selected readings in a cultural anthropology course at the College of Marin is outlined in this paper. Introductory material indicates that an effort was made to create a learning package based on formal objectives spanning the readings in the course text, to respond to student needs, and to

Kassebaum, Peter A.

95

Warpage reduction of package-on-package (PoP) module by material selection & process optimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The package technology has matured significantly over the past several years, shifting from conventional components and direct board level assembly to chip or package level system integration. Two major commonly used approaches are System-on-Chip (SoC) and System-in-Package (SiP). Package-on-Package (PoP) that integrates logic die in the bottom package and memory die in the top package into a single 3D package

Peng Sun; Vincent Chi-Kuen LEUNG; Bin Xie; Vivian Wei MA; Daniel Xun-Qing SHI

2008-01-01

96

21 CFR 355.20 - Packaging conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ingredients, the following package size limitations are required for anticaries drug products: (1) Dentifrices. Dentifrice (toothpastes and tooth powders) packages shall not contain more than 276 milligrams (mg) total fluorine per package. (2)...

2012-04-01

97

21 CFR 355.20 - Packaging conditions.  

...ingredients, the following package size limitations are required for anticaries drug products: (1) Dentifrices. Dentifrice (toothpastes and tooth powders) packages shall not contain more than 276 milligrams (mg) total fluorine per package. (2)...

2014-04-01

98

21 CFR 355.20 - Packaging conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ingredients, the following package size limitations are required for anticaries drug products: (1) Dentifrices. Dentifrice (toothpastes and tooth powders) packages shall not contain more than 276 milligrams (mg) total fluorine per package. (2)...

2013-04-01

99

21 CFR 355.20 - Packaging conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ingredients, the following package size limitations are required for anticaries drug products: (1) Dentifrices. Dentifrice (toothpastes and tooth powders) packages shall not contain more than 276 milligrams (mg) total fluorine per package. (2)...

2011-04-01

100

21 CFR 820.130 - Device packaging.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Device packaging. 820.130 Section 820.130 Food and... QUALITY SYSTEM REGULATION Labeling and Packaging Control 820.130 Device packaging. Each manufacturer shall ensure that...

2011-04-01

101

16 CFR 1702.12 - Packaging specifications.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Packaging specifications. 1702.12 ...SAFETY COMMISSION POISON PREVENTION PACKAGING ACT OF 1970 REGULATIONS PETITIONS...EXEMPTIONS FROM POISON PREVENTION PACKAGING ACT REQUIREMENTS; PETITION...

2014-01-01

102

21 CFR 820.130 - Device packaging.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Device packaging. 820.130 Section 820.130 Food and... QUALITY SYSTEM REGULATION Labeling and Packaging Control 820.130 Device packaging. Each manufacturer shall ensure that...

2010-04-01

103

16 CFR 1702.12 - Packaging specifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Packaging specifications. 1702.12 ...SAFETY COMMISSION POISON PREVENTION PACKAGING ACT OF 1970 REGULATIONS PETITIONS...EXEMPTIONS FROM POISON PREVENTION PACKAGING ACT REQUIREMENTS; PETITION...

2011-01-01

104

21 CFR 820.130 - Device packaging.  

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Device packaging. 820.130 Section 820.130 Food and... QUALITY SYSTEM REGULATION Labeling and Packaging Control 820.130 Device packaging. Each manufacturer shall ensure that...

2014-04-01

105

21 CFR 820.130 - Device packaging.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Device packaging. 820.130 Section 820.130 Food and... QUALITY SYSTEM REGULATION Labeling and Packaging Control 820.130 Device packaging. Each manufacturer shall ensure that...

2012-04-01

106

21 CFR 820.130 - Device packaging.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Device packaging. 820.130 Section 820.130 Food and... QUALITY SYSTEM REGULATION Labeling and Packaging Control 820.130 Device packaging. Each manufacturer shall ensure that...

2013-04-01

107

16 CFR 1702.12 - Packaging specifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Packaging specifications. 1702.12 ...SAFETY COMMISSION POISON PREVENTION PACKAGING ACT OF 1970 REGULATIONS PETITIONS...EXEMPTIONS FROM POISON PREVENTION PACKAGING ACT REQUIREMENTS; PETITION...

2010-01-01

108

16 CFR 1702.12 - Packaging specifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Packaging specifications. 1702.12 ...SAFETY COMMISSION POISON PREVENTION PACKAGING ACT OF 1970 REGULATIONS PETITIONS...EXEMPTIONS FROM POISON PREVENTION PACKAGING ACT REQUIREMENTS; PETITION...

2012-01-01

109

16 CFR 1702.12 - Packaging specifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Packaging specifications. 1702.12 ...SAFETY COMMISSION POISON PREVENTION PACKAGING ACT OF 1970 REGULATIONS PETITIONS...EXEMPTIONS FROM POISON PREVENTION PACKAGING ACT REQUIREMENTS; PETITION...

2013-01-01

110

49 CFR 173.411 - Industrial packages.  

...Type IP-2), and Industrial Package Type 3 (Type IP-3). (b) Industrial package certification...each offeror of an industrial package must maintain...documentation of tests and an engineering evaluation or...

2014-10-01

111

Problem-based learning packages: considerations for neophyte package writers.  

PubMed

Adopting problem-based learning (PBL) as the major educational approach in the implementation of a nursing curriculum requires the development of numerous learning stimulus packages. When reviewing the experience of the Division of Nursing within the Faculty of Health at the University of Western Sydney, Macarthur in Australia, several considerations for package writers were identified and are discussed. These include needs assessment, integration of the curricula content strands, multi-media learning stimuli, context, role and the incorporation of ongoing client management. The need for nurturance of writers and peer review of the developed packages is also addressed, as is a review of the impact of different learning stimuli. PMID:8455545

Hengstberger-Sims, C; McMillan, M A

1993-02-01

112

Thermal modeling and simulation of a package-on-package embedded micro wafer level package (EMWLP) structure at the package and system-level  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the embedded wafer-level packaging field, the embedded micro wafer level package (EMWLP) technology leverages on fan-out redistribution connections, keeping the reliance on wire-bonding and flip-chip bump connections to a minimum, thus streamlining the packaging process. As the embedded micro wafer level packaging (EMWLP) technology evolves to capitalize on package-on-package (POP) technology, this study's parametric thermal modeling focuses on analyzing

Y. Y. G. Hoe; Chong Ser Choong; V. S. Rao; G. Sharma; Zhang Xiaowu; D. Pinjala

2010-01-01

113

In-Package Chemistry Abstraction  

SciTech Connect

This report was developed in accordance with the requirements in ''Technical Work Plan for: Regulatory Integration Modeling and Analysis of the Waste Form and Waste Package'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 171583]). The purpose of the in-package chemistry model is to predict the bulk chemistry inside of a breached waste package and to provide simplified expressions of that chemistry as function of time after breach to Total Systems Performance Assessment for the License Application (TSPA-LA). The scope of this report is to describe the development and validation of the in-package chemistry model. The in-package model is a combination of two models, a batch reactor model that uses the EQ3/6 geochemistry-modeling tool, and a surface complexation model that is applied to the results of the batch reactor model. The batch reactor model considers chemical interactions of water with the waste package materials and the waste form for commercial spent nuclear fuel (CSNF) waste packages and codisposed waste packages that contain both high-level waste glass (HLWG) and DOE spent fuel. The surface complexation model includes the impact of fluid-surface interactions (i.e., surface complexation) on the resulting fluid composition. The model examines two types of water influx: (1) the condensation of water vapor that diffuses into the waste package, and (2) seepage water that enters the waste package from the drift as a liquid. (1) Vapor Influx Case: The condensation of vapor onto the waste package internals is simulated as pure H2O and enters at a rate determined by the water vapor pressure for representative temperature and relative humidity conditions. (2) Water Influx Case: The water entering a waste package from the drift is simulated as typical groundwater and enters at a rate determined by the amount of seepage available to flow through openings in a breached waste package. TSPA-LA uses the vapor influx case for the nominal scenario for simulations where the waste package has been breached but the drip shield remains intact, so all of the seepage flow is diverted from the waste package. The chemistry from the vapor influx case is used to determine the stability of colloids and the solubility of radionuclides available for transport by diffusion, and to determine the degradation rates for the waste forms. TSPA-LA uses the water influx case for the seismic scenario, where the waste package has been breached and the drip shield has been damaged such that seepage flow is actually directed into the waste package. The chemistry from the water influx case that is a function of the flow rate is used to determine the stability of colloids and the solubility of radionuclides available for transport by diffusion and advection, and to determine the degradation rates for the CSNF and HLW glass. TSPA-LA does not use this model for the igneous scenario. Outputs from the in-package chemistry model implemented inside TSPA-LA include pH, ionic strength, and total carbonate concentration. These inputs to TSPA-LA will be linked to the following principle factors: dissolution rates of the CSNF and HLWG, dissolved concentrations of radionuclides, and colloid generation.

E. Thomas

2004-11-09

114

Laser Welding in Electronic Packaging  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The laser has proven its worth in numerous high reliability electronic packaging applications ranging from medical to missile electronics. In particular, the pulsed YAG laser is an extremely flexible and versatile too] capable of hermetically sealing microelectronics packages containing sensitive components without damaging them. This paper presents an overview of details that must be considered for successful use of laser welding when addressing electronic package sealing. These include; metallurgical considerations such as alloy and plating selection, weld joint configuration, design of optics, use of protective gases and control of thermal distortions. The primary limitations on use of laser welding electronic for packaging applications are economic ones. The laser itself is a relatively costly device when compared to competing welding equipment. Further, the cost of consumables and repairs can be significant. These facts have relegated laser welding to use only where it presents a distinct quality or reliability advantages over other techniques of electronic package sealing. Because of the unique noncontact and low heat inputs characteristics of laser welding, it is an ideal candidate for sealing electronic packages containing MEMS devices (microelectromechanical systems). This paper addresses how the unique advantages of the pulsed YAG laser can be used to simplify MEMS packaging and deliver a product of improved quality.

2000-01-01

115

Packaging of optical MEMS devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently, optical MEMS devices have gained considerable attention in the telecommunications industry -- particularly in the optical networking and switching arenas. Since optical MEMS are micro-systems which rely on high precision optics, electronics and mechanics working in close concert, these emerging devices pose some unique packaging challenges yet to be addressed by the general packaging industry. Optical MEMS packages often are required to provide both optical and electrical access, hermeticity, mechanical strength, dimensional stability and long-term reliability. Hermetic optical access necessitates the use of metallized and anti- reflection coated windows, and ever-increasing electrical I/O count has prompted the use of higher density substrate/package technologies. Taking these requirements into consideration, we explore three ceramic packaging technologies, namely High Temperature Co-fired Ceramic (HTCC), Low Temperature Co-fired Ceramic (LTCC) and thin-film ceramic technologies. In this paper, we describe some optical MEMS packages designed using these three technologies and discuss their substrate designs, package materials, ease of integration and assembly.

Low, Yee L.; Scotti, Ronald E.; Ramsey, David A.; Bolle, Cristian A.; O'Neill, Steven P.; Nguyen, Khanh C.

2001-04-01

116

Optimal segmentation and packaging process  

DOEpatents

A process for improving packaging efficiency uses three dimensional, computer simulated models with various optimization algorithms to determine the optimal segmentation process and packaging configurations based on constraints including container limitations. The present invention is applied to a process for decontaminating, decommissioning (D and D), and remediating a nuclear facility involving the segmentation and packaging of contaminated items in waste containers in order to minimize the number of cuts, maximize packaging density, and reduce worker radiation exposure. A three-dimensional, computer simulated, facility model of the contaminated items are created. The contaminated items are differentiated. The optimal location, orientation and sequence of the segmentation and packaging of the contaminated items is determined using the simulated model, the algorithms, and various constraints including container limitations. The cut locations and orientations are transposed to the simulated model. The contaminated items are actually segmented and packaged. The segmentation and packaging may be simulated beforehand. In addition, the contaminated items may be cataloged and recorded. 3 figs.

Kostelnik, K.M.; Meservey, R.H.; Landon, M.D.

1999-08-10

117

Naval Waste Package Design Sensitivity  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this calculation is to determine the sensitivity of the structural response of the Naval waste packages to varying inner cavity dimensions when subjected to a comer drop and tip-over from elevated surface. This calculation will also determine the sensitivity of the structural response of the Naval waste packages to the upper bound of the naval canister masses. The scope of this document is limited to reporting the calculation results in terms of through-wall stress intensities in the outer corrosion barrier. This calculation is intended for use in support of the preliminary design activities for the license application design of the Naval waste package. It examines the effects of small changes between the naval canister and the inner vessel, and in these dimensions, the Naval Long waste package and Naval Short waste package are similar. Therefore, only the Naval Long waste package is used in this calculation and is based on the proposed potential designs presented by the drawings and sketches in References 2.1.10 to 2.1.17 and 2.1.20. All conclusions are valid for both the Naval Long and Naval Short waste packages.

T. Schmitt

2006-12-13

118

Microelectronics packaging research directions for aerospace applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Roadmap begins with an assessment of needs from the microelectronics for aerospace applications viewpoint. Needs Assessment is divided into materials, packaging components, and radiation characterization of packaging.

Galbraith, L.

2003-01-01

119

Safety evaluation for packaging (onsite) concrete-lined waste packaging  

SciTech Connect

The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory developed a package to ship Type A, non-transuranic, fissile excepted quantities of liquid or solid radioactive material and radioactive mixed waste to the Central Waste Complex for storage on the Hanford Site.

Romano, T.

1997-09-25

120

Challenge of packaged cogeneration  

SciTech Connect

Owners of such commercial facilities as office buildings, health clubs, and fast-food restaurants face an increasingly complex decision when they try to lower energy costs. On the one hand, they are being offered small, standardized cogeneration systems that can supply much of a building's electric power while also providing thermal energy for hot water or space conditioning. On the other hand, new, high-efficiency electric equipment is available that can often reduce energy consumption with a much lower investment of capital. EPRI studies indicate that when packaged cogeneration systems are compared with high-efficiency electric alternative, a commercial facility will usually do better with the electric equipment, in terms of meeting its overall needs, says Arnold Fickett, department director for end use in the Energy Management and Utilization Division. But the economics of both types of equipment are highly application-specific. EPRI's aim is to provide utilities with the data and analytical tools they need to help their commercial customers make the comparisons for their own business situations. EPRI is also deeply involved in developing advanced end-use electric technology.

Douglas, J.

1988-09-01

121

Evaluating Packaged Steam Generator Designs  

E-print Network

Packaged Steam generators are the workhorses of process and cogeneration plants. An understanding of their design and performance aspects helps plant engineers, consultants and potential buyers evaluate various options from different vendors more...

Ganapathy, V.

122

Tropical Synoptic Meteorology Curriculum Package  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Tropical Synoptic Meteorology Curriculum Package is a university-level, online meteorology course package. It is freely available to interested institutions that are expanding their course offerings, particularly their online offerings. The course fulfills the synoptic and mesoscale meteorology requirements for the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Basic Instruction Package for Meteorology (BIP-M), but with an emphasis on the tropics to provide focus for those working or planning to work in tropical regions. The course utilizes existing and newly developed resources, including the online textbook, Introduction to Tropical Meteorology (http://www.meted.ucar.edu/tropical/textbook_2nd_edition/). The course package includes an instructors guide and model syllabus with learning objectives, free online instructional resources, introductory slides for faculty use, case examples, questions for review or discussion, student assignments, quizzes, learning activities, and guidance for online course delivery. All materials are made available in Google Docs format for downloading and customizing.

COMET

2013-08-06

123

High Frequency Electronic Packaging Technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Commercial and government communication, radar, and information systems face the challenge of cost and mass reduction via the application of advanced packaging technology. A majority of both government and industry support has been focused on low frequency digital electronics.

Herman, M.; Lowry, L.; Lee, K.; Kolawa, E.; Tulintseff, A.; Shalkhauser, K.; Whitaker, J.; Piket-May, M.

1994-01-01

124

The geometry package Hideo UMEKI  

E-print Network

The geometry package Hideo UMEKI hideo.umeki@toshiba.co.jp 2002/07/08 v3.2 Abstract This package and bottom margins) to 2cm from each edge of the paper, what you need is just \\usepackage[margin=2cm]{geometry}. Contents 1 Preface to Version 3 1 2 Introduction 2 3 Page Geometry 3 3.1 Layout Dimensions . . . . . . . 3

Mintmire, John W.

125

Designing a Package that Works  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Student teams act as engineers and brainstorm, design, create and test their ideas for packaging to protect a raw egg shipped in a 9 x 12-in envelope. They follow the steps of the engineering design process and aim for a successful solution with no breakage, low weight, minimal materials and recyled/reused materials. Students come to understand the multi-faceted engineering considerations associated with the packaging of items to preserve, market and safely transport goods.

Making the Connection, Women in Engineering Programs and Advocates Network (WEPAN) ,

126

Tool for Magnetic Analysis Package  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The FIT-MART Launcher package is a self-contained file for simulating systems of interacting quantum magnetic moments (spins). The interactions are modeled using the Heisenberg model, calculations are carried out by numerically diagonalizing the matrix representation of the Heisenberg Hamiltonian, and several types of plots are generated to describe various aspects of the model. The FIT-MART package is a Fully Integrated Tool for Magnetic Analysis in Research & Teaching (hence the acronym) which provides a very simple interface for defining complex quantum spin models, carrying out complex calculations, and visualizing the results using several graphical representations. These representations include plots of the energy spectrum as well as plots of the magnetization and magnetic susceptibility as a function of temperature and magnetic field. The FIT-MART package is an Open Source Physics package written to help students as well as researchers who are studying magnetism. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double clicking osp_fit_mart.jar file will run the package if Java is installed. In future versions of this package, curricular materials will be included to help students to learn about magnetism, and automated fitting routines will be included to help researchers quickly and easily model experimental data.

Engelhardt, Larry; Rainey, Cameron

2010-05-19

127

An R Package Conculsions/Future  

E-print Network

Motivation Methods An R Package Examples Conculsions/Future Methods and an R package for Bayesian inference with log-Gaussian Cox processes http://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/lgcp Benjamin M. Taylor Diggle) B. Taylor Log-Gaussian Cox Processes #12;Motivation Methods An R Package Examples Conculsions

Diggle, Peter J.

128

Dynamic Package Interfaces Shahram Esmaeilsabzali1  

E-print Network

Dynamic Package Interfaces Shahram Esmaeilsabzali1 , Rupak Majumdar2 , Thomas Wies3 , and Damien of this style is the notion of a package, which groups a set of commonly used classes together. A challenge in using a package is to ensure that a client follows the implicit protocol of the package when calling its

Wies, Thomas

129

Stork: Package Management for Distributed VM Environments  

E-print Network

Stork: Package Management for Distributed VM Environments Justin Cappos, Scott Baker, Jeremy management overhead as each is essentially a separate system. Stork is a package management tool for virtual downloads packages to physical machines and shares packages between VMs. Disk space and memory requirements

Hartman, John H.

130

49 CFR 173.411 - Industrial packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...containers may be used as Industrial packages Types 2 or 3 (Type...containers may also be used as Industrial package Type 2 or 3 (Type...packagings, each offeror of an industrial package must maintain on...documentation of tests and an engineering evaluation or...

2011-10-01

131

49 CFR 173.411 - Industrial packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...containers may be used as Industrial packages Types 2 or 3 (Type...containers may also be used as Industrial package Type 2 or 3 (Type...packagings, each offeror of an industrial package must maintain on...documentation of tests and an engineering evaluation or...

2013-10-01

132

49 CFR 173.411 - Industrial packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...containers may be used as Industrial packages Types 2 or 3 (Type...containers may also be used as Industrial package Type 2 or 3 (Type...packagings, each offeror of an industrial package must maintain on...documentation of tests and an engineering evaluation or...

2012-10-01

133

49 CFR 173.411 - Industrial packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...containers may be used as Industrial packages Types 2 or 3 (Type...containers may also be used as Industrial package Type 2 or 3 (Type...packagings, each offeror of an industrial package must maintain on...documentation of tests and an engineering evaluation or...

2010-10-01

134

Rapid Active Sampling Package  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A field-deployable, battery-powered Rapid Active Sampling Package (RASP), originally designed for sampling strong materials during lunar and planetary missions, shows strong utility for terrestrial geological use. The technology is proving to be simple and effective for sampling and processing materials of strength. Although this originally was intended for planetary and lunar applications, the RASP is very useful as a powered hand tool for geologists and the mining industry to quickly sample and process rocks in the field on Earth. The RASP allows geologists to surgically acquire samples of rock for later laboratory analysis. This tool, roughly the size of a wrench, allows the user to cut away swaths of weathering rinds, revealing pristine rock surfaces for observation and subsequent sampling with the same tool. RASPing deeper (.3.5 cm) exposes single rock strata in-situ. Where a geologist fs hammer can only expose unweathered layers of rock, the RASP can do the same, and then has the added ability to capture and process samples into powder with particle sizes less than 150 microns, making it easier for XRD/XRF (x-ray diffraction/x-ray fluorescence). The tool uses a rotating rasp bit (or two counter-rotating bits) that resides inside or above the catch container. The container has an open slot to allow the bit to extend outside the container and to allow cuttings to enter and be caught. When the slot and rasp bit are in contact with a substrate, the bit is plunged into it in a matter of seconds to reach pristine rock. A user in the field may sample a rock multiple times at multiple depths in minutes, instead of having to cut out huge, heavy rock samples for transport back to a lab for analysis. Because of the speed and accuracy of the RASP, hundreds of samples can be taken in one day. RASP-acquired samples are small and easily carried. A user can characterize more area in less time than by using conventional methods. The field-deployable RASP used a Ni/Cad rechargeable battery. Power usage was less than 1 Wh/ cm3 even when sampling strong basalts, so many samples could be taken on a single battery charge.

Peters, Gregory

2010-01-01

135

Green Packaging Management of Logistics Enterprises  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

From the connotation of green logistics management, we discuss the principles of green packaging, and from the two levels of government and enterprises, we put forward a specific management strategy. The management of green packaging can be directly and indirectly promoted by laws, regulations, taxation, institutional and other measures. The government can also promote new investment to the development of green packaging materials, and establish specialized institutions to identify new packaging materials, standardization of packaging must also be accomplished through the power of the government. Business units of large scale through the packaging and container-based to reduce the use of packaging materials, develop and use green packaging materials and easy recycling packaging materials for proper packaging.

Zhang, Guirong; Zhao, Zongjian

136

BioMEMS DeviceBioMEMS Device Integration, PackagingIntegration, Packaging  

E-print Network

BioMEMS DeviceBioMEMS Device Integration, PackagingIntegration, Packaging and Control forandMEMS Device Integration, Packaging andBioMEMS Device Integration, Packaging and Control for Bio Nonpermanent sealing provides ex situ, post-process analysis Reusable packaging components Microfluidic Control

Rubloff, Gary W.

137

Thoro Recognized for Creating Award-Winning Packaging Paperboard Packaging Council honors Thoro with special award  

E-print Network

Thoro Recognized for Creating Award-Winning Packaging Paperboard Packaging Council honors Thoro Packaging Competition were honored in Dallas this week. Thoro Packaging earned two awards this year; a Gold that the judges decided to honor an exceptional example of paperboard packaging with a special Judges' Award

de Lijser, Peter

138

Package Fingerprints: a visual summary of package interface usage Hani Abdeena  

E-print Network

Package Fingerprints: a visual summary of package interface usage Hani Abdeena , St´ephane Ducassea packages. Maintainers of large systems need to understand how packages relate to each other, but this task is complex because packages often have multiple clients and play different roles (class container, code

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

139

Package inspection using inverse diffraction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

More efficient cost-effective hand-held methods of inspecting packages without opening them are in demand for security. Recent new work in TeraHertz sources,1 millimeter waves, presents new possibilities. Millimeter waves pass through cardboard and styrofoam, common packing materials, and also pass through most materials except those with high conductivity like metals which block light and are easily spotted. Estimating refractive index along the path of the beam through the package from observations of the beam passing out of the package provides the necessary information to inspect the package and is a nonlinear problem. So we use a generalized linear inverse technique that we first developed for finding oil by reflection in geophysics.2 The computation assumes parallel slices in the packet of homogeneous material for which the refractive index is estimated. A beam is propagated through this model in a forward computation. The output is compared with the actual observations for the package and an update computed for the refractive indices. The loop is repeated until convergence. The approach can be modified for a reflection system or to include estimation of absorption.

McAulay, Alastair D.

2008-08-01

140

The reduction of packaging waste  

SciTech Connect

Nationwide, packaging waste comprises approximately one-third of the waste disposed in sanitary landfills. the US Department of Energy (DOE) generated close to 90,000 metric tons of sanitary waste. With roughly one-third of that being packaging waste, approximately 30,000 metric tons are generated per year. The purpose of the Reduction of Packaging Waste project was to investigate opportunities to reduce this packaging waste through source reduction and recycling. The project was divided into three areas: procurement, onsite packaging and distribution, and recycling. Waste minimization opportunities were identified and investigated within each area, several of which were chosen for further study and small-scale testing at the Hanford Site. Test results, were compiled into five ``how-to`` recipes for implementation at other sites. The subject of the recipes are as follows: (1) Vendor Participation Program; (2) Reusable Containers System; (3) Shrink-wrap System -- Plastic and Corrugated Cardboard Waste Reduction; (4) Cardboard Recycling ; and (5) Wood Recycling.

Raney, E.A.; Hogan, J.J.; McCollom, M.L.; Meyer, R.J.

1994-04-01

141

78 FR 48903 - Certain Products Having Laminated Packaging, Laminated Packaging, and Components Thereof...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...337-TA-874] Certain Products Having Laminated Packaging, Laminated Packaging, and Components Thereof; Commission Decision...complaint and amended complaint filed by Lamina Packaging Innovations, Inc. of Longview, Texas...

2013-08-12

142

Vacuum-Packaging Technology for IRFPAs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We developed vacuum-packaging equipment and low-cost vacuum packaging technology for IRFPAs. The equipment is versatile and can process packages with various materials and structures. Getters are activated before vacuum packaging, and we can solder caps/ceramic-packages and caps/windows in a high-vacuum condition using this equipment. We also developed a micro-vacuum gauge to measure pressure in vacuum packages. The micro-vacuum gauge uses the principle of thermal conduction of gases. We use a multi-ceramic package that consists of six packages fabricated on a ceramic sheet, and confirm that the pressure in the processed packages is sufficiently low for high-performance IRFPA.

Matsumura, Takeshi; Tokuda, Takayuki; Tsutinaga, Akinobu; Kimata, Masafumi; Abe, Hideyuki; Tokashiki, Naotaka

143

Package for integrated optic circuit and method  

DOEpatents

A structure and method are disclosed for packaging an integrated optic circuit. The package comprises a first wall having a plurality of microlenses formed therein to establish channels of optical communication with an integrated optic circuit within the package. A first registration pattern is provided on an inside surface of one of the walls of the package for alignment and attachment of the integrated optic circuit. The package in one embodiment may further comprise a fiber holder for aligning and attaching a plurality of optical fibers to the package and extending the channels of optical communication to the fibers outside the package. In another embodiment, a fiber holder may be used to hold the fibers and align the fibers to the package. The fiber holder may be detachably connected to the package. 6 figs.

Kravitz, S.H.; Hadley, G.R.; Warren, M.E.; Carson, R.F.; Armendariz, M.G.

1998-08-04

144

Package for integrated optic circuit and method  

DOEpatents

A structure and method for packaging an integrated optic circuit. The package comprises a first wall having a plurality of microlenses formed therein to establish channels of optical communication with an integrated optic circuit within the package. A first registration pattern is provided on an inside surface of one of the walls of the package for alignment and attachment of the integrated optic circuit. The package in one embodiment may further comprise a fiber holder for aligning and attaching a plurality of optical fibers to the package and extending the channels of optical communication to the fibers outside the package. In another embodiment, a fiber holder may be used to hold the fibers and align the fibers to the package. The fiber holder may be detachably connected to the package.

Kravitz, Stanley H. (26 Aspen Rd., Placitas, NM 87043); Hadley, G. Ronald (6012 Annapolis NE., Albuquerque, NM 87111); Warren, Mial E. (3825 Mary Ellen NE., Albuquerque, NM 87111); Carson, Richard F. (1036 Jewel Pl. NE., Albuquerque, NM 87123); Armendariz, Marcelino G. (1023 Oro Real NE., Albuquerque, NM 87123)

1998-01-01

145

Tracker Video Analysis Demo Package  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Tracker Sampler Package contains several video analysis and modeling experiments from mechanics to spectroscopy. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive containing Tracker (video analysis and modeling tool), movies, and some initial analysis. Double clicking the tracker_sampler.jar file will run the program if Java is installed on your computer. Tracker Sampler Package is one of several Tracker experiments for use in introductory physics. Tracker, a video analysis and dynamical modeling program, is an Open Source Physics tool. Additional experiments and programs can be found by searching ComPADRE for Open Source Physics or Tracker.

Brown, Douglas

2008-06-05

146

Truss Performance and Packaging Metrics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the present paper a set of performance metrics are derived from first principals to assess the efficiency of competing space truss structural concepts in terms of mass, stiffness, and strength, for designs that are constrained by packaging. The use of these performance metrics provides unique insight into the primary drivers for lowering structural mass and packaging volume as well as enabling quantitative concept performance evaluation and comparison. To demonstrate the use of these performance metrics, data for existing structural concepts are plotted and discussed. Structural performance data is presented for various mechanical deployable concepts, for erectable structures, and for rigidizable structures.

Mikulas, Martin M.; Collins, Timothy J.; Doggett, William; Dorsey, John; Watson, Judith

2006-01-01

147

Designing Intelligent Agents Tutorial 1: Java Agent Package  

E-print Network

G54DIA: Designing Intelligent Agents Tutorial 1: Java Agent Package Brian Logan School of Computer package(s) · agent toolkits · uk.ac.nott.cs.g54dia Java agent packages ­library package ­demo package © Brian Logan 2013 G54DIA Tutorial 1: Java Agent Package 2 #12;Implementing your agent · many agent

Logan, Brian

148

Hanford Site radioactive hazardous materials packaging directory  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Site Radioactive Hazardous Materials Packaging Directory (RHMPD) provides information concerning packagings owned or routinely leased by Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) for offsite shipments or onsite transfers of hazardous materials. Specific information is provided for selected packagings including the following: general description; approval documents/specifications (Certificates of Compliance and Safety Analysis Reports for Packaging); technical information (drawing numbers and dimensions); approved contents; areas of operation; and general information. Packaging Operations & Development (PO&D) maintains the RHMPD and may be contacted for additional information or assistance in obtaining referenced documentation or assistance concerning packaging selection, availability, and usage.

McCarthy, T.L.

1995-12-01

149

Audio/ Videoconferencing Packages: High Cost  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report compares two integrated course delivery packages: "Centra 6" and "WebEx". Both applications feature asynchronous and synchronous audio communications for online education and training. They are relatively costly products, and provide useful comparisons with the two less expensive products to be evaluated in the following report #53.

Murillo, Sonia; Rizzuto, Mary; Sawyers, Urel

2005-01-01

150

IPM packages deliver food security  

E-print Network

living in poverty in Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and the surrounding area. Ecologically-based IPM Package for wheat production in Tajikistan Central Asia Integrated Pest Management Collaborative Research Support Program: Dr. Nurali Saidov, IPM CRSP Coordinator/Research Fellow, Tajikistan; Dr. Doug Landis

151

The euler package Frank Jensen*  

E-print Network

entering the manuscript, since the package will cause, e.g., math numerals to come from the Euler Roman fonts; these numerals are easily distinguished from the normal text numerals. This implies that sloppy Euler Roman letters and digits. Another way to get bold symbols is to use the \\boldsymbol command

Mintmire, John W.

152

DATACUBE: A datacube manipulation package  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

DATACUBE is a command-line package for manipulating and visualizing data cubes. It was designed for integral field spectroscopy but has been extended to be a generic data cube tool, used in particular for sub-millimeter data cubes from the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope. It is part of the Starlink software collection (ascl:1110.012).

Allan, Alasdair; Currie, Malcolm J.

2014-05-01

153

IIigh Frequency Electronic Packaging Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Commercial and government communication, radar, and information systems face the challenge of cost and mass reduction via the application of advanced packaging technology. A majority of both government and industry support has been focused on low frequency digital electronics. However higher operating frequencies for both digital and analog circuits will be required for future systems. By 1997, the projected domestic

Martin IIermrnn; Lynn Lowry; Karen Lee; Elizribeth Kolawa; Ann Tulintseff; Kurt Shalkhauser; John Whitaker; Melinda Piket-May

154

Food Nanotechnology - Food Packaging Applications  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Astonishing growth in the market for nanofoods is predicted in the future, from the current market of $2.6 billion to $20.4 billion in 2010. The market for nanotechnology in food packaging alone is expected to reach $360 million in 2008. In large part, the impetus for this predicted growth is the ...

155

COLDMON -- Cold File Analysis Package  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The COLDMON package has been written to allow system managers to identify those items of software that are not used (or used infrequently) on their systems. It consists of a few command procedures and a Fortran program to analyze the results. It makes use of the AUDIT facility and security ACLs in VMS.

Rawlinson, D. J.

156

Food Nanotechnology: Food Packaging Applications  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Astonishing growth in the market for nanofoods is predicted in the future, from the current market of $2.6 billion to $20.4 billion in 2010. The market for nanotechnology in food packaging alone is expected to reach $360 million in 2008. In large part the impetus for this predicted growth is the e...

157

SPNP: Stochastic Petri Net Package  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present SPNP, a powerful GSPN package developed at Duke University. SPNP allows the modeling of complex system behaviors. Advanced constructs are available, such as marking- dependent arc multiplicities, enabling functions, arrays of places or transitions, and subnets; in addition, the full expressive power of the C programming language is available to increase the exibility of the net description. Sophisticated

Gianfranco Ciardot; Jogesh K. Muppala; Kishor S. Trivedi

1989-01-01

158

The AED free storage package  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most fundamental underlying problem in sophisticated software systems involving elaborate, changing data structure is dynamic storage allocation for flexible problem modeling. The Free Storage Package of the AED-1 Compiler System allows blocks of available storage to be obtained and returned for reuse. The total available space is partitioned into a hierarchy of free storage zones, each of which has

Douglas T. Ross

1967-01-01

159

Information Package Hamburg to go!  

E-print Network

Information Package HAMBURG #12;Hamburg to go! Are you new in Hamburg? Looking for some information town in the world! A project by International Management students at Hamburg University of Applied Sciences 2 3 5 8 11 13 15 18 20 21 22 24 25 Sights Harbour Culture Outdoors Outside Hamburg Nightlife

Hamburg,.Universität

160

Package `BNPdensity' August 29, 2013  

E-print Network

Package `BNPdensity' August 29, 2013 Version 2013.8 Date 2013/07/31 Title Ferguson-Klass type by Ernesto Barrios Maintainer Ernesto Barrios Description Ferguson-Klass type algorithm lakes in north-central Wisconsin. Usage data(acidity) Format A data frame with 155 observations

Nieto Barajas, Luis E.

161

Reusable packaging [for magnet wires  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reusable packaging has been with the magnet wire industry for 30 years. It has primarily been limited to plastic spools and reels. What had been very apparent over the years is that loss and damage to those reels has been very high. With a large customer base, knowing if the reels and spools have come back has been impossible. Many

L. G. Ditton

1997-01-01

162

49 CFR 130.21 - Packaging requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION OIL TRANSPORTATION OIL SPILL PREVENTION AND RESPONSE PLANS 130.21 Packaging...requirements. Each packaging used for the transportation of oil subject to this part must be designed,...

2013-10-01

163

49 CFR 130.21 - Packaging requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION OIL TRANSPORTATION OIL SPILL PREVENTION AND RESPONSE PLANS 130.21 Packaging...requirements. Each packaging used for the transportation of oil subject to this part must be designed,...

2012-10-01

164

49 CFR 130.21 - Packaging requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION OIL TRANSPORTATION OIL SPILL PREVENTION AND RESPONSE PLANS 130.21 Packaging...requirements. Each packaging used for the transportation of oil subject to this part must be designed,...

2010-10-01

165

49 CFR 130.21 - Packaging requirements.  

...SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION OIL TRANSPORTATION OIL SPILL PREVENTION AND RESPONSE PLANS 130.21 Packaging...requirements. Each packaging used for the transportation of oil subject to this part must be designed,...

2014-10-01

166

49 CFR 130.21 - Packaging requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION OIL TRANSPORTATION OIL SPILL PREVENTION AND RESPONSE PLANS 130.21 Packaging...requirements. Each packaging used for the transportation of oil subject to this part must be designed,...

2011-10-01

167

Environmental Qualification Testing of the 461 Package  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes the environmental qualification tests performed to evaluate the 461 Y-detonator package, including lenses, the assembly with dummy components, and the assembly with actual components. The results indicate that the package passed.

Lohse

1966-01-01

168

27 CFR 19.390 - Filling packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS DISTILLED SPIRITS PLANTS Processing Operations Other Than Denaturation and Manufacture of Articles Bottling, Packaging, and Removal of Products 19.390 Filling packages....

2010-04-01

169

Investigating packaging effects on bandgap references  

E-print Network

This thesis investigates packaging effects on precision bandgap voltage references used in LTC switching regulators. Packaging stress causes a mean offset and room temperature distribution widening of the bandgap reference ...

Palakodety, Ravi (Ravi Kiran)

2007-01-01

170

The development of a packaging handbook  

SciTech Connect

The Packaging Handbook, dealing with the development of packagings designed to carry radioactive material, is being written for DOE`s Transportation and Packaging Safety Division. The primary goal of the Handbook is to provide sufficient technical information and guidance to improve the quality of Safety Analysis Reports on Type B Packagings (SARPs) that are submitted to DOE for certification. This paper provides an update on the status of the Handbook.

Shappert, L.B.

1994-04-01

171

OPIUM: Optimal Package Install\\/Uninstall Manager  

Microsoft Academic Search

Common Linux distributions often include package man- agement tools such asapt-get in Debian oryum in Red- Hat. Using information about package dependencies and conflicts, such tools can determine how to install a new package (and its dependencies) on a system of already in- stalled packages. Using off-the-shelf SAT solvers, pseudo- boolean solvers, and Integer Linear Programming solvers, we have developed

Chris Tucker; David Shuffelton; Ranjit Jhala; Sorin Lerner

2007-01-01

172

21 CFR 355.20 - Packaging conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Packaging conditions. 355.20 Section 355.20 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...OVER-THE-COUNTER HUMAN USE Active Ingredients 355.20 Packaging conditions. (a) Package size...

2010-04-01

173

7 CFR 932.9 - Packaged olives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Packaged olives. 932.9 Section 932.9 Agriculture...Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OLIVES GROWN IN CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Definitions 932.9 Packaged olives. Packaged olives means (a)...

2012-01-01

174

7 CFR 932.9 - Packaged olives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Packaged olives. 932.9 Section 932.9 Agriculture...Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OLIVES GROWN IN CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Definitions 932.9 Packaged olives. Packaged olives means (a)...

2010-01-01

175

7 CFR 932.9 - Packaged olives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Packaged olives. 932.9 Section 932.9 Agriculture...NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OLIVES GROWN IN CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Definitions 932.9 Packaged olives. Packaged olives means (a)...

2013-01-01

176

7 CFR 932.9 - Packaged olives.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Packaged olives. 932.9 Section 932.9 Agriculture...NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OLIVES GROWN IN CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Definitions 932.9 Packaged olives. Packaged olives means (a)...

2014-01-01

177

7 CFR 932.9 - Packaged olives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Packaged olives. 932.9 Section 932.9 Agriculture...Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OLIVES GROWN IN CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Definitions 932.9 Packaged olives. Packaged olives means (a)...

2011-01-01

178

Multivariable geostatistics in S: the gstat package  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses advantages and shortcomings of the S environment for multivariable geostatistics, in particular when extended with the gstat package, an extension package for the S environments (R, S-Plus). The gstat S package provides multivariable geostatistical modelling, prediction and simulation, as well as several visualisation functions. In particular, it makes the calculation, simultaneous fitting, and visualisation of a large

Edzer J. Pebesma

2004-01-01

179

Applying Module System Research to Package Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Package managers found in popular operating systems are similar to module systems in many programming languages. Recent language research has focused on numerous ways to improve module systems, especially by endowing them with the characteristics of components. These improvements map well to package managers also. We identify several weak- nesses with package managers, describe how components solve these problems in

David B. Tucker; Shriram Krishnamurthi

180

SPONSORSHIP PACKAGES Homecoming 2015 -Saturday, February 7  

E-print Network

SPONSORSHIP PACKAGES Homecoming 2015 - Saturday, February 7 Cal State Fullerton vs. UC Riverside Garden Ticket Packages (Game ticket, Beer Garden ticket, t-shirt) Goods & services valued at $645.00 #12 Alumni Facebook page (6,100+) · 4 VIP Beer Garden Ticket Packages (Game ticket, Beer Garden ticket, t

de Lijser, Peter

181

HUMAN RESOURCES SALARY PACKAGING PAYMENT OPTIONS  

E-print Network

HUMAN RESOURCES SALARY PACKAGING PAYMENT OPTIONS This form is for staff employed by The University of Western Australia for salary packaging fitness memberships and renewals offered by UWA Sport member to access salary packaging arrangements. SECTION 1 ­ MEMBERSHIP MEMBERSHIP Start Date (dd

Tobar, Michael

182

The planar package planner for system designers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Planar Package Planner is a design aid aimed at helping to form a package layout plan, given only the information available during project initiation to digital system logic and package designers. A hierarchical approach is adopted, and a clustering program makes possible use of the layout scheme for bottom-up as well as top-down design. The layout plan for an

William R. Heller; G. Sorkin; Klim Maling

1982-01-01

183

* Application Filing Name: Grant Application Package  

E-print Network

1 * Application Filing Name: Grant Application Package CFDA Number: Opportunity Title: Offering is not the opportunity for which you want to apply, close this application package by clicking on the "Cancel" button data fields in the application are completed and you clicked on the "Check Package for Errors" button

Guenther, Frank

184

Functional Package Management with Guix Ludovic Courts  

E-print Network

Functional Package Management with Guix Ludovic Courtès Bordeaux, France ludo@gnu.org ABSTRACT We describe the design and implementation of GNU Guix, a purely functional package manager designed to support package management, per-user profiles, and garbage collection. It builds upon the low-level build

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

185

76 FR 30551 - Specifications for Packagings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administration 49 CFR Part 178 Specifications for Packagings CFR Correction In Title 49 of the Code...qualification test and each periodic retest on a packaging, a test report must be prepared. The...maintained at each location where the packaging is manufactured and each location...

2011-05-26

186

Improving package recommendations through query relaxation  

E-print Network

Improving package recommendations through query relaxation Matteo Brucato Azza Abouzied§ Alexandra to identify items that are likely to be of interest to users. In many cases, users are interested in package package as a coordinated collection of travel and hotel reservations. Recent work has explored extending

Meliou, Alexandra

187

9 CFR 317.24 - Packaging materials.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Packaging materials. 317.24 Section 317...AND CONTAINERS General 317.24 Packaging materials. (a) Edible products...adulterated or injurious to health. All packaging materials must be safe for their...

2014-01-01

188

CHARACTERIZATION OF ELECTRONIC PACKAGING USING MOIR INTERFEROMETRY  

E-print Network

CHARACTERIZATION OF ELECTRONIC PACKAGING USING MOIR? INTERFEROMETRY BY EUGENE A. STOUT V B of electronic packaging is limited by the ability of the chip carrier/PWB interconnections to withstand materials of the package as well as mechanically induced flexure. A micromechanical test apparatus

Sottos, Nancy R.

189

Airborne Data Processing and Analysis Software Package  

E-print Network

Airborne Data Processing and Analysis Software Package David J. Delene1 1 Department of Atmospheric in a collection of software named the Airborne Data Processing and Analysis (ADPAA) package which has been published as an open source project on Source Forge. The ADPAA package is intended to fully automate data

Delene, David J.

190

EDExpress Packaging Training, 2001-2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Packaging is the process of finding the best combination of aid to meet a student's financial need for college, given limited resources and the institutional constraints that vary from school to school. This guide to packaging under the EDExpress software system outlines three steps to packaging. The first is determining the student's need for

Office of Student Financial Assistance (ED), Washington, DC.

191

49 CFR 172.514 - Bulk packagings.  

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Bulk packagings. 172.514 Section 172.514 ...PLANS Placarding 172.514 Bulk packagings. (a) Except as provided in paragraph...who offers for transportation a bulk packaging which contains a hazardous...

2014-10-01

192

9 CFR 381.144 - Packaging materials.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Packaging materials. 381.144 Section 381...Labeling and Containers 381.144 Packaging materials. (a) Edible products...adulterated or injurious to health. All packaging materials must be safe for the...

2014-01-01

193

SEARCHING HELP PAGES OF R PACKAGES Searching help pages of R packages  

E-print Network

SEARCHING HELP PAGES OF R PACKAGES Searching help pages of R packages by Spencer Graves, Sundar Dorai-Raj, and Romain François Abstract The sos package provides a means to quickly and flexibly search the help pages of contributed packages, finding functions and datasets in seconds or minutes that could

Tomkins, Andrew

194

49 CFR 178.905 - Large Packaging identification codes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Large Packaging identification codes. 178.905 Section 178...HAZARDOUS MATERIALS REGULATIONS SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS Large Packagings Standards 178.905 Large Packaging...

2010-10-01

195

21 CFR 226.80 - Packaging and labeling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Packaging and labeling. 226.80 Section 226.80...MANUFACTURING PRACTICE FOR TYPE A MEDICATED ARTICLES Packaging and Labeling 226.80 Packaging and labeling. (a) Packaging and...

2010-04-01

196

21 CFR 226.80 - Packaging and labeling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Packaging and labeling. 226.80 Section 226.80...MANUFACTURING PRACTICE FOR TYPE A MEDICATED ARTICLES Packaging and Labeling 226.80 Packaging and labeling. (a) Packaging and...

2013-04-01

197

49 CFR 178.905 - Large Packaging identification codes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Large Packaging identification codes. 178.905 Section 178...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS Large Packagings Standards 178.905 Large Packaging...

2013-10-01

198

49 CFR 178.3 - Marking of packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Marking of packagings. 178.3 Section 178.3 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS 178.3 Marking of packagings. (a) Each packaging represented...

2013-10-01

199

49 CFR 178.905 - Large Packaging identification codes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Large Packaging identification codes. 178.905 Section 178...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS Large Packagings Standards 178.905 Large Packaging...

2011-10-01

200

49 CFR 178.905 - Large Packaging identification codes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Large Packaging identification codes. 178.905 Section 178...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS Large Packagings Standards 178.905 Large Packaging...

2012-10-01

201

21 CFR 226.80 - Packaging and labeling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Packaging and labeling. 226.80 Section 226.80...MANUFACTURING PRACTICE FOR TYPE A MEDICATED ARTICLES Packaging and Labeling 226.80 Packaging and labeling. (a) Packaging and...

2011-04-01

202

21 CFR 226.80 - Packaging and labeling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Packaging and labeling. 226.80 Section 226.80...MANUFACTURING PRACTICE FOR TYPE A MEDICATED ARTICLES Packaging and Labeling 226.80 Packaging and labeling. (a) Packaging and...

2012-04-01

203

49 CFR 178.3 - Marking of packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Marking of packagings. 178.3 Section 178.3 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS 178.3 Marking of packagings. (a) Each packaging represented...

2011-10-01

204

21 CFR 226.80 - Packaging and labeling.  

... 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Packaging and labeling. 226.80 Section 226.80...MANUFACTURING PRACTICE FOR TYPE A MEDICATED ARTICLES Packaging and Labeling 226.80 Packaging and labeling. (a) Packaging and...

2014-04-01

205

49 CFR 178.3 - Marking of packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Marking of packagings. 178.3 Section 178.3 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS 178.3 Marking of packagings. (a) Each packaging represented...

2012-10-01

206

49 CFR 178.3 - Marking of packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Marking of packagings. 178.3 Section 178.3 Transportation...MATERIALS REGULATIONS SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS 178.3 Marking of packagings. (a) Each packaging represented...

2010-10-01

207

Ejs Intro Mechanics Lab Package  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Introductory Physics Lab package contains Easy Java Simulations (Ejs) models used in Introductory Physics Laboratories which ask students to develop a series of models for simple mechanical systems. Ejs, a part of the Open Source Physics Project, is designed to make it easier to access, modify and generate computer models. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double-clicking the ejs_intro_lab.jar file will run the program if Java is installed. In order to modify the simulations (and see how they are designed), if you have Ejs installed, you can right-click within the simulation window and select Open Ejs Model from the pop-up menu. Information about Ejs (Easy Java Simulations) is available at: http://www.um.es/fem/Ejs/. Additional models (including independent copies of each of the exercises contained in this package) can be found by searching ComPADRE for Ejs.

Cox, Anne; Christian, Wolfgang; Belloni, Mario

2008-06-03

208

ARPREC: An arbitrary precision computation package  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a new software package for performing arithmetic with an arbitrarily high level of numeric precision. It is based on the earlier MPFUN package, enhanced with special IEEE floating-point numerical techniques and several new functions. This package is written in C++ code for high performance and broad portability and includes both C++ and Fortran-90 translation modules, so that conventional C++ and Fortran-90 programs can utilize the package with only very minor changes. This paper includes a survey of some of the interesting applications of this package and its predecessors.

Bailey, David H.; Yozo, Hida; Li, Xiaoye S.; Thompson, Brandon

2002-09-01

209

RECLAMATION OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL PACKAGING COMPONENTS  

SciTech Connect

Radioactive material packages are withdrawn from use for various reasons; loss of mission, decertification, damage, replacement, etc. While the packages themselves may be decertified, various components may still be able to perform to their required standards and find useful service. The Packaging Technology and Pressurized Systems group of the Savannah River National Laboratory has been reducing the cost of producing new Type B Packagings by reclaiming, refurbishing, and returning to service the containment vessels from older decertified packagings. The program and its benefits are presented.

Abramczyk, G.; Nathan, S.; Loftin, B.; Bellamy, S.

2011-06-06

210

Microelectronics packaging: present and future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spurred by the advent of low-cost, high-speed complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) devices, the ever-increasing demand for faster, smaller and cheaper systems, and global competitive pressures, many fundamental changes are taking place in the microelectronics packaging industry to better prepare it to meet the challenges of the next millennium for systems ranging from consumer electronics to large systems such as mainframes.

Ho-Ming Tong

1995-01-01

211

"Programmed packaging" for gene delivery.  

PubMed

We report on the development of a multifunctional envelope-type nano device (MEND) based on our packaging concept "Programmed packaging" to control not only intracellular trafficking but also the biodistribution of encapsulated compounds such as nucleic acids/proteins/peptides. Our strategy for achieving this is based on molecular mechanisms of cell biology such as endocytosis, vesicular trafficking, etc. In this review, we summarize the concept of programmed packaging and discuss some of our recent successful examples of using MENDs. Systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX) was applied as a new methodology for identifying a new ligand toward cell or mitochondria. The delivery of siRNA to tumors and the tumor vasculature was achieved using pH sensitive lipid (YSK05), which was newly designed and optimized under in vivo conditions. The efficient delivery of pDNA to immune cells such as dendritic cells has also been developed using the KALA ligand, which can be a breakthrough technology for DNA vaccine. Finally, ss-cleavable and pH-activated lipid-like surfactant (ssPalm) which is a lipid like material with pH-activatable and SS-cleavable properties is also introduced as a proof of our concept. PMID:24780263

Hyodo, M; Sakurai, Y; Akita, H; Harashima, H

2014-11-10

212

Package warehouse upgrades and regulations  

SciTech Connect

Many regulations have been written by states and the EPA about bulk chemical storage since its introduction in the late 1970`s. However, until this year the National Fire Protection Association, through their NFPA guidelines, and the Uniform Fire Code have been the only significant work written concerning package ag chemical storage. These codes have been adopted by many states and are enforced at the local (city) level on both US coasts and larger cities around the midwest and south. Several catastrophic fires at package locations during the last few years have resulted in discussions by regulators and industry to provide not only insurance and guidance but also regulations to retailers and distributors in order to upgrade facilities to reduce the risk of large spills and fires. The Midwest Ag Chemical Association began the task of providing guidance regarding package warehouses three years ago and after twelve months of input from EPA, suppliers and retail dealers, has published the Fundamental Principles of Agricultural Chemical Storage in August of 1993.

Hester, J.F.

1994-12-31

213

Overview of the DOE packaging certification process  

SciTech Connect

This paper gives an overview of the DOE packaging certification process, which is implemented by the Office of Facility Safety Analysis, under the Assistance Secretary for Environment, Safety and Health, for packagings that are not used for weapons and weapons components, nor for naval nuclear propulsion. The overview will emphasize Type B packagings and the Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP) review that parallels the NRC packaging review. Other important elements in the DOE packaging certification program, such as training, methods development, data bases, and technical assistance, are also emphasized, because they have contributed significantly to the improvement of the certification process since DOE consolidated its packaging certification function in 1985. The paper finishes with a discussion of the roles and functions of the DOE Packaging Safety Review Steering Committee, which is chartered to address issues and concerns of interest to the DOE packaging and transportation safety community. Two articles related to DOE packaging certification were published earlier on the SARP review procedures and the DOE Packaging Review Guide. These articles may be consulted for additional information.

Liu, Y.Y.; Carlson, R.D. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Carlson, R.W. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Kapoor, A. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

1995-12-31

214

EXAMINATION OF SHIPPING PACKAGE 9975-05050  

SciTech Connect

Shipping package 9975-05050 was examined in K-Area following its identification as a high wattage package. Elevated temperature and fiberboard moisture content are key parameters that impact the degradation rate of fiberboard within 9975 packages in a storage environment. The high wattage of this package contributes significantly to component temperatures. After examination in K-Area, the package was provided to SRNL for further examination of the fiberboard assembly. The moisture content of the fiberboard was relatively low (compared to packages examined previously), but the moisture gradient (between fiberboard ID and OD surfaces) was relatively high, as would be expected for the high heat load. The cane fiberboard appeared intact and displayed no apparent change in integrity relative to a new package.

Daugherty, W.

2014-11-06

215

Lunar Dust Analysis Package - LDAP  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Lunar Dust Analysis package (L-DAP) is a suite of payloads which have been designed to operate in synergy with each other at the Lunar Surface. The benefits of combining these payloads in a single package allow very precise measurements of a particular regolith sample. At the same time the integration allows mass savings since common resources are shared and this also means that interfaces with the Lander are simplified significantly leading to benefits of integration and development of the overall mission. Lunar Dust represents a real hazard for lunar exploration due to its invasive, fine microscopic structure and toxic properties. However it is also valuable resource which could be exploited for future exploration if the characteristics and chemical composition is well known. Scientifically, the regolith provides an insight into the moon formation process and there are areas on the Moon which have never been ex-plored before. For example the Lunar South Pole Aitken Basin is the oldest and largest on the moon, providing excavated deep crust which has not been found on the previous lunar landing missions. The SEA-led team has been designing a compact package, known as LDAP, which will provide key data on the lunar dust properties. The intention is for this package to be part of the payload suite deployed on the ESA Lunar Lander Mission in 2018. The LDAP has a centralised power and data electronics, including front end electronics for the detectors as well as sample handling subsystem for the following set of internal instruments : Optical Microscope - with a 1?m resolution to provide context of the regolith samples Raman and LIBS spectrographic instrumentation providing quantification of mineral and elemental composition information of the soil at close to grain scale. This includes the capability to detect (and measure abundance of) crystalline and adsorbed volatile phases, from their Raman signature. The LIBS equipment will also allow chemical identification of other ejecta in the vicinity of the Lander. Atomic (Magnetic) Force Microscope - providing nano-scale measurement of the fine particles and presence of nanophase Fe which is potentially toxic to humans Lenseless Microscope, a novel, low mass technology based on combining diffraction patterns derived from a laser illumination of the sample to give high resolution 3D images of the regolith presented. In this paper we cover the high level science requirements and explain how this has driven the overall package design as well as the specific payload features. The complex sample handling system which allows the co-located payloads to share rego-lith samples and be able to make physical measure-ment in the sub micron scale. The use of micro-machining and MEMS technology is covered. The paper also discusses the harsh environmental conditions at the Lunar South Pole and the impact this has on the operation and survivability of an externally mounted package. The expected performance of the whole package, including the use of LIBS under lunar vacuum conditions is also presented.

Chalkley, S. A.; Richter, L.; Goepel, M.; Sovago, M.; Pike, W. T.; Yang, S.; Rodenburg, J.; Claus, D.

2012-09-01

216

MMIC Package for Millimeter Wave Frequency  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Princeton Microwave Technology has successfully demonstrated the transfer of technology for the MMIC package. During this contract the package design was licensed from Hughes Aircraft Company for manufacture within the U.S. A major effort was directed towards characterization of the ceramic material for its dielectric constant and loss tangent properties. After selection of a ceramic tape, the high temperature co-fired ceramic package was manufactured in the U.S. by Microcircuit Packaging of America, Inc. Microwave measurements of the MMIC package were conducted by an intercontinental microwave test fixture. The package demonstrated a typical insertion loss of 0.5 dB per transition up to 32 Ghz and a return loss of better than 15 db. The performance of the package has been demonstrated from 2 to 30 Ghz by assembling three different MMIC amplifiers. Two of the MMIC amplifiers were designed for the 26 Ghz to 30 Ghz operation while the third MMIC was a distributed amplifier from 2 to 26.5 Ghz. The measured gain of the amplifier is consistent with the device data. The package costs are substantially lower than comparable packages available commercially. Typically the price difference is greater than a factor of three. The package cost is well under $5.00 for a quantity of 10,000 pieces.

Bharj, Sarjit Singh; Yuan, Steve

1997-01-01

217

Challenges in the Packaging of MEMS  

SciTech Connect

Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) packaging is much different from conventional integrated circuit (IC) packaging. Many MEMS devices must interface to the environment in order to perform their intended function, and the package must be able to facilitate access with the environment while protecting the device. The package must also not interfere with or impede the operation of the MEMS device. The die attachment material should be low stress, and low outgassing, while also minimizing stress relaxation overtime which can lead to scale factor shifts in sensor devices. The fabrication processes used in creating the devices must be compatible with each other, and not result in damage to the devices. Many devices are application specific requiring custom packages that are not commercially available. Devices may also need media compatible packages that can protect the devices from harsh environments in which the MEMS device may operate. Techniques are being developed to handle, process, and package the devices such that high yields of functional packaged parts will result. Currently, many of the processing steps are potentially harmful to MEMS devices and negatively affect yield. It is the objective of this paper to review and discuss packaging challenges that exist for MEMS systems and to expose these issues to new audiences from the integrated circuit packaging community.

BROWN, WILLIAM D.; EATON, WILLIAM P.; MALSHE, AJAY P.; MILLER, WILLIAM M.; O'NEAL, CHAD; SINGH, SUSHILA B.

1999-09-24

218

Natural biopolimers in organic food packaging  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Concerns on environmental and waste problems caused by use of non-biodegradable and non-renewable based plastic packaging have caused an increase interest in developing biodegradable packaging using renewable natural biopolymers. Recently, different types of biopolymers like starch, cellulose, chitosan, casein, whey protein, collagen, egg white, soybean protein, corn zein, gelatin and wheat gluten have attracted considerable attention as potential food packaging materials. Recyclable or biodegradable packaging material in organic processing standards is preferable where possible but specific principles of packaging are not precisely defined and standards have to be assessed. There is evidence that consumers of organic products have specific expectations not only with respect to quality characteristics of processed food but also in social and environmental aspects of food production. Growing consumer sophistication is leading to a proliferation in food eco-label like carbon footprint. Biopolymers based packaging for organic products can help to create a green industry. Moreover, biopolymers can be appropriate materials for the development of an active surfaces designed to deliver incorporated natural antimicrobials into environment surrounding packaged food. Active packaging is an innovative mode of packaging in which the product and the environment interact to prolong shelf life or enhance safety or sensory properties, while maintaining the quality of the product. The work will discuss the various techniques that have been used for development of an active antimicrobial biodegradable packaging materials focusing on a recent findings in research studies. With the current focus on exploring a new generation of biopolymer-based food packaging materials with possible applications in organic food packaging. Keywords: organic food, active packaging, biopolymers , green technology

Wieczynska, Justyna; Cavoski, Ivana; Chami, Ziad Al; Mondelli, Donato; Di Donato, Paola; Di Terlizzi, Biagio

2014-05-01

219

Modular optimization code package: MOZAIK  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation addresses the development of a modular optimization code package, MOZAIK, for geometric shape optimization problems in nuclear engineering applications. MOZAIK's first mission, determining the optimal shape of the D2O moderator tank for the current and new beam tube configurations for the Penn State Breazeale Reactor's (PSBR) beam port facility, is used to demonstrate its capabilities and test its performance. MOZAIK was designed as a modular optimization sequence including three primary independent modules: the initializer, the physics and the optimizer, each having a specific task. By using fixed interface blocks among the modules, the code attains its two most important characteristics: generic form and modularity. The benefit of this modular structure is that the contents of the modules can be switched depending on the requirements of accuracy, computational efficiency, or compatibility with the other modules. Oak Ridge National Laboratory's discrete ordinates transport code TORT was selected as the transport solver in the physics module of MOZAIK, and two different optimizers, Min-max and Genetic Algorithms (GA), were implemented in the optimizer module of the code package. A distributed memory parallelism was also applied to MOZAIK via MPI (Message Passing Interface) to execute the physics module concurrently on a number of processors for various states in the same search. Moreover, dynamic scheduling was enabled to enhance load balance among the processors while running MOZAIK's physics module thus improving the parallel speedup and efficiency. In this way, the total computation time consumed by the physics module is reduced by a factor close to M, where M is the number of processors. This capability also encourages the use of MOZAIK for shape optimization problems in nuclear applications because many traditional codes related to radiation transport do not have parallel execution capability. A set of computational models based on the existing beam port configuration of the Penn State Breazeale Reactor (PSBR) was designed to test and validate the code package in its entirety, as well as its modules separately. The selected physics code, TORT, and the requisite data such as source distribution, cross-sections, and angular quadratures were comprehensively tested with these computational models. The modular feature and the parallel performance of the code package were also examined using these computational models. Another outcome of these computational models is to provide the necessary background information for determining the optimal shape of the D2O moderator tank for the new beam tube configurations for the PSBR's beam port facility. The first mission of the code package was completed successfully by determining the optimal tank shape which was sought for the current beam tube configuration and two new beam tube configurations for the PSBR's beam port facility. The performance of the new beam tube configurations and the current beam tube configuration were evaluated with the new optimal tank shapes determined by MOZAIK. Furthermore, the performance of the code package with the two different optimization strategies were analyzed showing that while GA is capable of achieving higher thermal beam intensity for a given beam tube setup, Min-max produces an optimal shape that is more amenable to machining and manufacturing. The optimal D2O moderator tank shape determined by MOZAIK with the current beam port configuration improves the thermal neutron beam intensity at the beam port exit end by 9.5%. Similarly, the new tangential beam port configuration (beam port near the core interface) with the optimal moderator tank shape determined by MOZAIK improves the thermal neutron beam intensity by a factor of 1.4 compared to the existing beam port configuration (with the existing D2O moderator tank). Another new beam port configuration, radial beam tube configuration, with the optimal moderator tank shape increases the thermal neutron beam intensity at the beam tube exit by a factor of 1.8. All these results

Bekar, Kursat B.

220

PORTABLE ACOUSTIC MONITORING PACKAGE (PAMP)  

SciTech Connect

The 1st generation acoustic monitoring package was designed to detect and analyze weak acoustic signals inside natural gas transmission lines. Besides a microphone it housed a three-inch diameter aerodynamic acoustic signal amplifier to maximize sensitivity to leak induced {Delta}p type signals. The theory and test results of this aerodynamic signal amplifier was described in the master's degree thesis of our Research Assistant Deepak Mehra who is about to graduate. To house such a large three-inch diameter sensor required the use of a steel 300-psi rated 4 inch weld neck flange, which itself weighed already 29 pounds. The completed 1st generation Acoustic Monitoring Package weighed almost 100 pounds. This was too cumbersome to mount in the field, on an access port at a pipeline shut-off valve. Therefore a 2nd generation and truly Portable Acoustic Monitor was built. It incorporated a fully self-contained {Delta}p type signal sensor, rated for line pressures up to 1000 psi with a base weight of only 6 pounds. This is the Rosemont Inc. Model 3051CD-Range 0, software driven sensor, which is believed to have industries best total performance. Its most sensitive unit was purchased with a {Delta}p range from 0 to 3 inch water. This resulted in the herein described 2nd generation: Portable Acoustic Monitoring Package (PAMP) for pipelines up to 1000 psi. Its 32-pound total weight includes an 18-volt battery. Together with a 3 pound laptop with its 4-channel data acquisition card, completes the equipment needed for field acoustic monitoring of natural gas transmission pipelines.

John l. Loth; Gary J. Morris; George M. Palmer; Richard Guiler; Deepak Mehra

2003-07-01

221

Shipboard Medicine on Package Cruises  

PubMed Central

Cheap package cruises have become very popular in Great Britain, but the ships used for these cruises are often not suitable for elderly, handicapped, and mentally unfit people. The cruises run to very tight schedules with many strenuous shore excursions, and do not necessarily constitute restful holidays at sea. Many passengers who embark on these cruises are suffering from pre-existing diseases, which may become exacerbated during the voyage. Such patients should be forewarned and should be equipped by their doctors with a covering letter giving full details of their medical condition and its treatment. PMID:4259345

Carter, John W.

1972-01-01

222

Tantalum equation of state package  

SciTech Connect

We provide here the tantalum equation of state (EOS) over broad ranges of temperature and pressure (up to 49,900 K and 9.6 Mbar). This EOS was developed by the quotidian equation of state methodology, which is a robust EOS model providing EOS tables for high pressure hydrodynamic simulations. The included tables span densities 5-33.4 g/cc with 51 entries and temperatures 116-49,900 K with 50 entries. There are 16 quantities as a function of that density-temperature grid, which are provided in this EOS package and are listed in the Appendix (Table I).

Young, D A; Orlikowski, D

2008-12-04

223

Packaging of electro-microfluidic devices  

DOEpatents

A new architecture for packaging surface micromachined electro-microfluidic devices is presented. This architecture relies on two scales of packaging to bring fluid to the device scale (picoliters) from the macro-scale (microliters). The architecture emulates and utilizes electronics packaging technology. The larger package consists of a circuit board with embedded fluidic channels and standard fluidic connectors (e.g. Fluidic Printed Wiring Board). The embedded channels connect to the smaller package, an Electro-Microfluidic Dual-Inline-Package (EMDIP) that takes fluid to the microfluidic integrated circuit (MIC). The fluidic connection is made to the back of the MIC through Bosch-etched holes that take fluid to surface micromachined channels on the front of the MIC. Electrical connection is made to bond pads on the front of the MIC.

Benavides, Gilbert L. (Albuquerque, NM); Galambos, Paul C. (Albuquerque, NM); Emerson, John A. (Albuquerque, NM); Peterson, Kenneth A. (Albuquerque, NM); Giunta, Rachel K. (Albuquerque, NM); Zamora, David Lee (Albuquerque, NM); Watson, Robert D. (Tijeras, NM)

2003-04-15

224

Pixel level packaging for uncooled IRFPA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As packaging represents a significant part of uncooled IR detectors price, a collective packaging process would contribute to enlarge uncooled IRFPA application to very low cost camera market. Since the first proof of the pixel level packaging for uncooled IRFPA in 2008, CEA-LETI is still strongly involved in the development of an innovative packaging technology. This one aims at encapsulating each pixel under vacuum in the direct continuity of the bolometer process. Moreover, a thin film getter has been developed to be integrated in the micropackaging so as to increase the packaging lifespan. This paper presents the recent development at CEA-LETI of this pixel level packaging technology including getter integration and vacuum level measurements.

Dumont, G.; Rabaud, W.; Baillin, X.; Pornin, JL.; Carle, L.; Goudon, V.; Vialle, C.; Pellat, M.; Arnaud, A.

2011-06-01

225

Lessons learned during Type A Packaging testing  

SciTech Connect

For the past 6 years, the US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Facility Safety Analysis (EH-32) has contracted Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) to conduct compliance testing on DOE Type A packagings. The packagings are tested for compliance with the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) Specification 7A, general packaging, Type A requirements. The DOE has shared the Type A packaging information throughout the nuclear materials transportation community. During testing, there have been recurring areas of packaging design that resulted in testing delays and/or initial failure. The lessons learned during the testing are considered a valuable resource. DOE requested that WHC share this resource. By sharing what is and can be encountered during packaging testing, individuals will hopefully avoid past mistakes.

O`Brien, J.H.; Kelly, D.L.

1995-11-01

226

Packaging of electro-microfluidic devices  

DOEpatents

A new architecture for packaging surface micromachined electro-microfluidic devices is presented. This architecture relies on two scales of packaging to bring fluid to the device scale (picoliters) from the macro-scale (microliters). The architecture emulates and utilizes electronics packaging technology. The larger package consists of a circuit board with embedded fluidic channels and standard fluidic connectors (e.g. Fluidic Printed Wiring Board). The embedded channels connect to the smaller package, an Electro-Microfluidic Dual-Inline-Package (EMDIP) that takes fluid to the microfluidic integrated circuit (MIC). The fluidic connection is made to the back of the MIC through Bosch-etched holes that take fluid to surface micromachined channels on the front of the MIC. Electrical connection is made to bond pads on the front of the MIC.

Benavides, Gilbert L. (Albuquerque, NM); Galambos, Paul C. (Albuquerque, NM); Emerson, John A. (Albuquerque, NM); Peterson, Kenneth A. (Albuquerque, NM); Giunta, Rachel K. (Albuquerque, NM); Watson, Robert D. (Tijeras, NM)

2002-01-01

227

Type A radioactive liquid sample packaging family  

SciTech Connect

Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) has developed two packagings that can be used to ship Type A quantities of radioactive liquids. WHC designed these packagings to take advantage of commercially available items where feasible to reduce the overall packaging cost. The Hedgehog packaging can ship up to one liter of Type A radioactive liquid with no shielding and 15 cm of distance between the liquid and the package exterior, or 30 ml of liquid with 3.8 cm of stainless steel shielding and 19 cm of distance between the liquid and the package exterior. The One Liter Shipper can ship up to one liter of Type A radioactive liquid that does not require shielding.

Edwards, W.S.

1995-11-01

228

Design considerations for automated packaging operations  

SciTech Connect

The paper is based on work performed at Sandia National Laboratories to automate DOE packaging operations. It is a general summary of work from several projects which may be applicable to other packaging operations. Examples are provided of robotic operations which have been demonstrated as well as operations that are currently being developed. General design considerations for packages and for automated handling systems are described.

Fahrenholtz, J.; Jones, J.; Kincy, M.

1993-12-31

229

Packaging and Embedded Electronics for the Next Generation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation describes examples of electronic packaging that protects an electronic element from handling, contamination, shock, vibration and light penetration. The use of Hermetic and non-hermetic packaging is also discussed. The topics include: 1) What is Electronic Packaging? 2) Why Package Electronic Parts? 3) Evolution of Packaging; 4) General Packaging Discussion; 5) Advanced non-hermetic packages; 6) Discussion of Hermeticity; 7) The Class Y Concept and Possible Extensions; 8) Embedded Technologies; and 9) NEPP Activities.

Sampson, Michael J.

2010-01-01

230

Software package SIMPRE--revisited.  

PubMed

This article elucidates the pitfalls identified in the software package SIMPRE recently developed by Baldov et al. (J. Comput. Chem. 2013, 34, 1961) for modeling the spectroscopic and magnetic properties of single ion magnets as well as single-molecule magnets. Analysis of the methodology used therein reveals that the crystal field parameters (CFPs), expressed nominally in the Stevens formalism, exhibit features characteristic for the CFPs expressed in the Wybourne notation. The resemblance of the two types of CFPs introduces a serious confusion that may lead to wrong comparisons of the CFPs taken from various sources. To clarify this confusion, the properties of the CFPs Bkq ( Akq, Ckq) associated with the Stevens operators Okq(X?=?S, J, or L), which belong to the class of the tesseral-tensor operators, are contrasted with those of the CFPs Bkq associated with the Wybourne operators Cq(k), which belong to the class of the spherical-tensor operators. Importantly, the confused properties of Stevens and Wybourne operators may bear on reliability of SIMPRE calculations. To consider this question independent calculations are carried out using the complete approach and compared with those of the restricted approach utilized earlier. It appears that the numerical results of the package SIMPRE are formally acceptable, however, the meaning of the CFPs must be properly reformulated. Several other conceptual problems arising from misinterpretations of the crucial notions and the CFP notations identified therein are also discussed and clarified. PMID:25082729

Karbowiak, Miros?aw; Rudowicz, Czes?aw

2014-10-01

231

Quality of vacuum packaged lamb retail cuts  

E-print Network

of previously vacuum packaged (PVP) cuts when packaged in HOB film but 1ncreased when packaged in PVC f1lm. The use of PVP cuts did not affect the overall appearance of rib or loin chops but HOB f1lm-pack- aged leg chops from PVP cuts had lower overall... appearance scores than did steaks from fresh (F) cuts. PVC film-wrapped chops and steaks from PVP cuts had much lower overall appearance scores than did chops and steaks from F cuts. Prior storage in vacuum packages had no effect on weight loss...

Wanstedt, Kristen Gae

1982-01-01

232

Yucca Mountain Waste Package Closure System  

SciTech Connect

The current disposal path for high-level waste is to place the material into secure waste packages that are inserted into a repository. The Idaho National Laboratory has been tasked with the development, design, and demonstration of the waste package closure system for the repository project. The closure system design includes welding three lids and a purge port cap, four methods of nondestructive examination, and evacuation and backfill of the waste package, all performed in a remote environment. A demonstration of the closure system will be performed with a full-scale waste package.

shelton-davis; Colleen Shelton-Davis; Greg Housley

2005-10-01

233

Yucca Mountain Waste Package Closure System  

SciTech Connect

The current disposal path for high-level waste is to place the material into secure waste packages that are inserted into a repository. The Idaho National Laboratory has been tasked with the development, design, and demonstration of the waste package closure system for the repository project. The closure system design includes welding three lids and a purge port cap, four methods of nondestructive examination, and evacuation and backfill of the waste package, all performed in a remote environment. A demonstration of the closure system will be performed with a full-scale waste package.

Herschel Smartt; Arthur Watkins; David Pace; Rodney Bitsoi; Eric Larsen; Timothy McJunkin; Charles Tolle

2006-04-01

234

39 CFR 3055.60 - Package Services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...60 Section 3055.60 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL SERVICE PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORTING Periodic Reporting of Service Performance Achievements 3055.60 Package Services....

2011-07-01

235

39 CFR 3055.60 - Package Services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...60 Section 3055.60 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL SERVICE PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORTING Periodic Reporting of Service Performance Achievements 3055.60 Package Services....

2013-07-01

236

39 CFR 3055.60 - Package Services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...60 Section 3055.60 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL SERVICE PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORTING Periodic Reporting of Service Performance Achievements 3055.60 Package Services....

2012-07-01

237

39 CFR 3055.60 - Package Services.  

...60 Section 3055.60 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL SERVICE PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORTING Periodic Reporting of Service Performance Achievements 3055.60 Package Services....

2014-07-01

238

Microelectronic device package with an integral window  

DOEpatents

An apparatus for packaging of microelectronic devices, including an integral window. The microelectronic device can be a semiconductor chip, a CCD chip, a CMOS chip, a VCSEL chip, a laser diode, a MEMS device, or a IMEMS device. The package can include a cofired ceramic frame or body. The package can have an internal stepped structure made of one or more plates, with apertures, which are patterned with metallized conductive circuit traces. The microelectronic device can be flip-chip bonded on the plate to these traces, and oriented so that the light-sensitive side is optically accessible through the window. A cover lid can be attached to the opposite side of the package. The result is a compact, low-profile package, having an integral window that can be hermetically-sealed. The package body can be formed by low-temperature cofired ceramic (LTCC) or high-temperature cofired ceramic (HTCC) multilayer processes with the window being simultaneously joined (e.g. cofired) to the package body during LTCC or HTCC processing. Multiple chips can be located within a single package. The cover lid can include a window. The apparatus is particularly suited for packaging of MEMS devices, since the number of handling steps is greatly reduced, thereby reducing the potential for contamination.

Peterson, Kenneth A. (Albuquerque, NM); Watson, Robert D. (Tijeras, NM)

2002-01-01

239

Hermetic Packages For Millimeter-Wave Circuits  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Advanced hermetic packages developed to house electronic circuits operating at frequencies from 1 to 100 gigahertz and beyond. Signals coupled into and out of packages electromagnetically. Provides circuit packages small, lightweight, rugged, and inexpensive in mass production. Packages embedded in planar microstrip and coplanar waveguide circuits, in waveguide-to-planar and planar-to-waveguide circuitry, in waveguide-to-waveguide circuitry, between radiating (antenna) elements, and between planar transmission lines and radiating elements. Other applications in automotive, communication, radar, remote sensing, and biomedical electronic systems foreseen.

Herman, Martin I.; Lee, Karen A.; Lowry, Lynn E.; Carpenter, Alain; Wamhof, Paul

1994-01-01

240

78 FR 13006 - New Intelligent Mail Package Barcode Standards To Enhance Package Visibility; Opportunity for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...POSTAL SERVICE 39 CFR Part 111 New Intelligent Mail Package Barcode Standards To...advisability of requiring the use of Intelligent Mail[supreg] package barcodes (IMpb) or unique tracking Intelligent Mail barcodes (IMb TM ) on all...

2013-02-26

241

Three-dimensional architecture of the bacteriophage 29 packaged genome and elucidation of its packaging process  

E-print Network

Three-dimensional architecture of the bacteriophage 29 packaged genome and elucidation of its packaging process Luis R. Comolli a , Andrew J. Spakowitz b , Cristina E. Siegerist c , Paul J. Jardine d packaging in dsDNA bacteriophages. Cryo-EM was used to directly visualize the architecture of the DNA inside

Straight, Aaron

242

Packaging performance evaluation and performance oriented packaging standards for large packages for poison inhalation hazard materials  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Transportation Research & Special Programs Administration (DOT-RSPA) has sponsored a project at Sandia National Laboratories to evaluate the protection provided by current packagings used for truck and rail transport of materials that have been classified as Poison Inhalation Hazards (PIH) and to recommend performance standards for these PIH packagings. Hazardous materials span a wide range of toxicity and there are many parameters used to characterize toxicity; for any given hazardous material, data are not available for all of the possible toxicity parameters. Therefore, it was necessary to select a toxicity criterion to characterize all of the PIH compounds (a value of the criterion was derived from other parameters in many cases) and to calculate their dispersion in the event of a release resulting from a transportation accident. Methodologies which account for material toxicity and dispersal characteristics were developed as a major portion of this project and applied to 72 PIH materials. This report presents details of the PIH material toxicity comparisons, calculation of their dispersion, and their classification into five severity categories. 16 refs., 5 figs., 7 tabs.

Griego, N.R.; Mills, G.S.; McClure, J.D. [and others

1997-07-01

243

IFT Scientific Status Summary 2008: Innovative Food Packaging Solutions  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Food and beverage packaging comprises 55-65% of the $110 billion value of packaging in the United States. This review provides a summary of innovative technology developments in food packaging. The expanded role of food and beverage packaging is reviewed. Active and intelligent food packaging, ba...

244

Stellar Parallax and Aberration Package  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Stellar Parallax and Aberration Launcher package is a self-contained file for teaching the concepts of parallax and aberration of light as they apply to astronomy. The file contains ready-to-run Easy Java Simulations (EJS) programs and curricular materials. The curricular materials consist of two activities for students. The first activity guides the student through an investigation of two forms of astronomical parallax (diurnal and annual) and Robert Hooke's early attempt to measure the annual parallax of stars. The second activity allows the student to examine James Bradley's failure to replicate Hooke's measurement, and how this failure led Bradley to the idea of the aberration of light. The activity helps students understand the effects of stellar aberration and how it masked stellar parallax.

Timberlake, Todd

2012-06-02

245

Statistical Interpretation of Entropy Package  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Statistical Interpretation of Entropy Launcher package is a self-contained file for teaching the basic concept of the statistical interpretation of entropy. The file contains ready-to-run Easy Java Simulations (EJS) programs and curricular materials. The curricular materials describe a simple hands-on coin flip experiment that can help student become familiar with the basic statistical ideas involved in the approach to equilibrium and the second law of thermodynamics. The materials also describe how the EJS programs can be used to extend this simple experiment and explore these concepts at a deeper level. The EJS programs include simulations of the coin flip experiment, the expansion of an ideal gas in a box, the mixing of hot and cold ideal gases, and the action of Maxwell's Demon. The materials in this resource are described in an article titled "The Statistical Interpretation of Entropy: An Activity" to be published in The Physics Teacher.

Timberlake, Todd

2010-07-03

246

PRIDE Surveillance Projects Data Packaging Project, Information Package Specification Version 1.0  

SciTech Connect

This document contains a specification for a standard XML document format called an information package that can be used to store information and the context required to understand and use that information in information management systems and other types of information archives. An information package consists of packaged information, a set of information metadata that describes the packaged information, and an XML signature that protects the packaged information. The information package described in this specification was designed to be used to store Department of Energy (DOE) and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) information and includes the metadata required for that information: a unique package identifier, information marking that conforms to DOE and NNSA requirements, and access control metadata. Information package metadata can also include information search terms, package history, and notes. Packaged information can be text content, binary content, and the contents of files and other containers. A single information package can contain multiple types of information. All content not in a text form compatible with XML must be in a text encoding such as base64. Package information is protected by a digital XML signature that can be used to determine whether the information has changed since it was signed and to identify the source of the information. This specification has been tested but has not been used to create production information packages. The authors expect that gaps and unclear requirements in this specification will be identified as this specification is used to create information packages and as information stored in information packages is used. The authors expect to issue revised versions of this specification as needed to address these issues.

Kelleher, D.M.; Shipp, R. L.; Mason, J. D.

2009-09-28

247

16 CFR 500.28 - Variety packages.  

...1 White 5 fl. ozs. (147 mL). Total: 11 fl. ozs. (325 mL). (iv) Picnic Ware: 34 spoons; 33 forks; 33 knives. Total: 100 pieces. (b) When the individual units in a variety package are either packaged or labeled and are...

2014-01-01

248

16 CFR 500.28 - Variety packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...1 White 5 fl. ozs. (147 mL). Total: 11 fl. ozs. (325 mL). (iv) Picnic Ware: 34 spoons; 33 forks; 33 knives. Total: 100 pieces. (b) When the individual units in a variety package are either packaged or labeled and are...

2010-01-01

249

16 CFR 500.28 - Variety packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...1 White 5 fl. ozs. (147 mL). Total: 11 fl. ozs. (325 mL). (iv) Picnic Ware: 34 spoons; 33 forks; 33 knives. Total: 100 pieces. (b) When the individual units in a variety package are either packaged or labeled and are...

2013-01-01

250

Biopreservation in modified atmosphere packaged vegetables  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent trends in food preservation are the use of mild preservation techniques, such as modified atmosphere (MA) packaging and refrigeration, to prolong the shelflife of foods without affecting the fresh character of the product. This has resulted in the development of a new generation of chill stored, minimally processed foods, such as vegetables that are packaged under reduced oxygen (0

M. H. J. Bennik

1997-01-01

251

Plastic-Sealed Hybrid Power Circuit Package  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Proposed design for hybrid high-voltage power-circuit package uses molded plastic for hermetic sealing instead of glass-to-metal seal. New package used to house high-voltage regulators and solid-state switches for applications in aircraft, electric automobiles, industrial equipment, satellites, solarcell arrays, and other equipment in extreme environments.

Miller, W. N.; Gray, O. E.

1983-01-01

252

The movie15 Package Alexander Grahn  

E-print Network

The movie15 Package Alexander Grahn 7th July 2009 Abstract A LATEX package for inclusion of movies, sounds and 3D objects into PDF documents with PDF-1.5/1.6 compatibility. Keywords: embed, movie, La-start guide 16 B Media formats 19 1 Introduction The way multimedia content, i. e. movies and sounds

Foguel, Tuval

253

Waste treatment for advanced semiconductor packaging operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to the maturity of plastic packaging technology in the semiconductor industry, a long history of successful waste treatment and water recycling applications exists. However, new packaging technologies have evolved that do not limit bond pad location to the edge of the die. These technologies require deposition of a solder bump on the bond pads for electrical connection between die

P. T. Brown; B. Raley

1998-01-01

254

Teaching Old Packaging New Tricks - 12593  

SciTech Connect

Waste disposition campaigns have been an industry and government focus area since the mid- 1970's. With increased focus on this issue, and a lot of hard work, most waste packaging and transportation issues have been addressed. The material has been successfully shipped and dis-positioned. DOE has successfully de-inventoried materials from multiple sites to meet material consolidation, footprint reduction, nonproliferation, and regulatory obligations with cost savings from reduced maintenance and regulatory compliance. There has been a wide range of certified shipping packagings for the transportation of hazardous materials to meet most of the waste needs. The remaining materials are problematic, generally low volume, and do not meet the certified content of the existing inventory of packaging. Designing, testing and certifying new packaging designs can be a long and expensive process and for small volumes of material it is cost prohibitive. One very cost effective option is to lease and use a certified packaging to overpack waste containers. There are many robust certified packagings available with the capability to envelope the waste content. The capability to use inner containers, inside the current fleet of certified casks or packaging, to address specific content problems of additional shielding (e.g., U-233) or containment (e.g., sodium bonded nuclear material) has successfully expanded the capability for timely cost effective shipment of unique contents. This option has been used successfully in the NAC-LWT, T-3 and other packagings. (authors)

England, Jeffery L. [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, South Carolina (United States); Shuler, James M. [U.S. Department of Energy, Packaging Certification Program, Germantown, MD (United States)

2012-07-01

255

A Thermodynamics Course Package in Onenote  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A ready-to-use package of active-learning materials for a semester-long chemical engineering thermodynamics course was prepared for instructors, and similar materials are being prepared for a material and energy balance course. The course package includes ConcepTests, explanations of the ConcepTests for instructors, links to screencasts, chapter

Falconer, John L.; Nicodemus, Garret D.; Medlin, J. Will; deGrazia, Janet; McDanel, Katherine P.

2014-01-01

256

16 CFR 500.29 - Combination packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...for identical packages or units shall be combined. Examples (1) Lighter fluid and flints: 2 canseach 8 fl. ozs. (236 mL); 1 package8 flints. (2) Sponges & Cleaner: 2 sponges each 4 in. 6 in. 1 in. (10.1 ...

2011-01-01

257

16 CFR 500.29 - Combination packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...for identical packages or units shall be combined. Examples (1) Lighter fluid and flints: 2 canseach 8 fl. ozs. (236 mL); 1 package8 flints. (2) Sponges & Cleaner: 2 sponges each 4 in. 6 in. 1 in. (10.1 ...

2012-01-01

258

Environmental effects in component packaging selection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design for environment activities in electronics have been focused on issues of product life-cycle at the board design level and to facility-level process and material choices at the semiconductor fabrication level. An important bridge between these two domains has been the influence of component selection, particularly packaging selection, on environmental impacts. Component packaging influences waste generation in two respects. First,

Sudarshan Siddhaye; Paul Sheng; Chris Ooi

1999-01-01

259

EDExpress Packaging Training, 1999-2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a comprehensive guide to electronic packaging with electronic data exchange (EDE) of Title IV student financial aid application data to and from the U.S. Department of Education. An overview chapter introduces the concepts of electronic packaging and implementation using EDExpress for Windows. Chapter 2 explains the query utility

Department of Education, Washington, DC.

260

Canadian Attitude Sensing Experimental Package (CASEP)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Canadian Attitude Sensing Experiment Package (CASEP) was designed to demonstrate and verify the operation of an attitude sensing subsystem prior to committing its use on an operational mission. Data telemetry/recording requirements, power and physical requirements, and mission requirements of the experiment package are defined.

Reynaud, A. H.

1984-01-01

261

Evaluation of Five Microcomputer CAD Packages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the similarities, differences, advanced features, applications and number of users of five microcomputer computer-aided design (CAD) packages. Included are: "AutoCAD (V.2.17)"; "CADKEY (V.2.0)"; "CADVANCE (V.1.0)"; "Super MicroCAD"; and "VersaCAD Advanced (V.4.00)." Describes the evaluation of the packages and makes recommendations for

Leach, James A.

1987-01-01

262

Nonreturnable packaging: The environmental debate. (Latest citations from Packaging Science and Technology Abstracts database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning the environmental and economic impacts of nonreturnable versus returnable food packaging containers. Topics include the burdens on the environment due to nonreturnable beverage containers, economic considerations for the packaging industry, and government regulations imposed to reduce waste disposal. Various packaging containers are examined, including glass, aluminum, tin-plate, cardboard, and plastics. Government legislation in the soft drink and beverage industries, dairy packaged products, and paperboard packaging are discussed. (Contains a minimum of 199 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-05-01

263

A Compact, Modular Superconducting Bolometer Array Package  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We have designed a detector package to house a superconducting bolometer array, SQUID multiplexers, bias and integration circuitry, optical filtering, electrical connectors, and thermal/mechanical interfaces. This package has been used successfully in the GISMO 2mm camera, a 128-pixel camera operating at a base temperature of 270mK. Operation at lower temperatures is allowed by providing direct heat sinking to the SQUIDS and bias resistors, which generate the bulk of the dissipation in the package. Standard electrical connectors provide reliable contact while enabling quick installation and removal of the package. Careful design has gone into the compensation for differing thermal expansions, the need for heat sinking of the bolometer array, and the placement of magnetic shielding in critical areas. In this presentation, we detail the design and performance of this detector package and describe its scalability to 1280- pixel arrays in the near future.

Benford, Dominic J.

2008-01-01

264

48 CFR 908.7109 - Fuels and packaged petroleum products.  

...2014-10-01 false Fuels and packaged petroleum products. 908.7109 Section 908...Items 908.7109 Fuels and packaged petroleum products. Acquisitions of fuel and packaged petroleum products by DOE offices shall be in...

2014-10-01

265

48 CFR 908.7109 - Fuels and packaged petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Fuels and packaged petroleum products. 908.7109 Section 908...Items 908.7109 Fuels and packaged petroleum products. Acquisitions of fuel and packaged petroleum products by DOE offices shall be in...

2010-10-01

266

48 CFR 908.7109 - Fuels and packaged petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Fuels and packaged petroleum products. 908.7109 Section 908...Items 908.7109 Fuels and packaged petroleum products. Acquisitions of fuel and packaged petroleum products by DOE offices shall be in...

2013-10-01

267

48 CFR 908.7109 - Fuels and packaged petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Fuels and packaged petroleum products. 908.7109 Section 908...Items 908.7109 Fuels and packaged petroleum products. Acquisitions of fuel and packaged petroleum products by DOE offices shall be in...

2012-10-01

268

48 CFR 908.7109 - Fuels and packaged petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Fuels and packaged petroleum products. 908.7109 Section 908...Items 908.7109 Fuels and packaged petroleum products. Acquisitions of fuel and packaged petroleum products by DOE offices shall be in...

2011-10-01

269

75 FR 56922 - Implementation of the Intelligent Mail Package Barcode  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...39 CFR Part 111 Implementation of the Intelligent Mail Package Barcode AGENCY: Postal...supreg]) for the optional use of Intelligent Mail[supreg] package barcodes (IMpb...usps.gov, with a subject line of ``Intelligent Mail Package Barcode...

2010-09-17

270

16 CFR 1702.13 - Labeling and packaging samples.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Labeling and packaging samples. 1702.13 Section 1702...13 Labeling and packaging samples. Each petition for an...this part shall include a sample of the label and complete packaging for each size in which each form...

2012-01-01

271

16 CFR 1702.13 - Labeling and packaging samples.  

...false Labeling and packaging samples. 1702.13 Section 1702...13 Labeling and packaging samples. Each petition for an...this part shall include a sample of the label and complete packaging for each size in which each form...

2014-01-01

272

16 CFR 1702.13 - Labeling and packaging samples.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Labeling and packaging samples. 1702.13 Section 1702...13 Labeling and packaging samples. Each petition for an...this part shall include a sample of the label and complete packaging for each size in which each form...

2011-01-01

273

16 CFR 1702.13 - Labeling and packaging samples.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Labeling and packaging samples. 1702.13 Section 1702...13 Labeling and packaging samples. Each petition for an...this part shall include a sample of the label and complete packaging for each size in which each form...

2010-01-01

274

16 CFR 1702.13 - Labeling and packaging samples.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Labeling and packaging samples. 1702.13 Section 1702...13 Labeling and packaging samples. Each petition for an...this part shall include a sample of the label and complete packaging for each size in which each form...

2013-01-01

275

7 CFR 1944.72 - Application packaging orientation and training.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Application packaging orientation and training. 1944.72 ...CONTINUED) HOUSING Housing Application Packaging Grants 1944.72 Application packaging orientation and training....

2012-01-01

276

49 CFR 173.206 - Packaging requirements for chlorosilanes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Packaging requirements for chlorosilanes. 173.206...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Non-bulk Packaging for Hazardous Materials Other Than Class 1...

2012-10-01

277

7 CFR 58.53 - Supervisor of packaging required.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Supervisor of packaging required. 58.53 Section 58...Dairy Products Prerequisites to Packaging Products with Official Identification 58.53 Supervisor of packaging required. The official...

2010-01-01

278

27 CFR 19.354 - Bottling or packaging records.  

... 2014-04-01 false Bottling or packaging records. 19.354 Section 19.354...Distilled Spirits Rules for Bottling, Packaging, and Removal of Products 19.354 Bottling or packaging records. A proprietor must...

2014-04-01

279

49 CFR 173.61 - Mixed packaging requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Mixed packaging requirements. 173.61 Section 173...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Definitions, Classification and Packaging for Class 1 173.61 Mixed...

2010-10-01

280

49 CFR 173.223 - Packagings for certain flammable solids.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Packagings for certain flammable solids. 173.223 ...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Non-bulk Packaging for Hazardous Materials Other Than Class 1...

2011-10-01

281

49 CFR 178.910 - Marking of Large Packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Marking of Large Packagings. 178.910 Section 178.910 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS Large Packagings Standards 178.910 Marking of Large...

2012-10-01

282

Software Package Requirements & Procurement Anthony Finkelstein & George Spanoudakis  

E-print Network

Software Package Requirements & Procurement Anthony Finkelstein & George Spanoudakis Department requirements and deploying these requirements in the procurement of software packages. Despite the fact of formulating requirements to support assessment and selection among existing software packages has been

Finkelstein, Anthony

283

49 CFR 173.223 - Packagings for certain flammable solids.  

...2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Packagings for certain flammable solids. 173.223 ...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Non-bulk Packaging for Hazardous Materials Other Than Class 1...

2014-10-01

284

9 CFR 112.10 - Special packaging and labeling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Special packaging and labeling. 112.10 Section 112...ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PACKAGING AND LABELING 112.10 Special packaging and labeling. A biological product,...

2012-01-01

285

49 CFR 178.910 - Marking of Large Packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Marking of Large Packagings. 178.910 Section 178.910 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS Large Packagings Standards 178.910 Marking of Large...

2013-10-01

286

16 CFR 1700.15 - Poison prevention packaging standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Poison prevention packaging standards. 1700.15 Section 1700...PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION POISON PREVENTION PACKAGING ACT OF 1970 REGULATIONS POISON PREVENTION PACKAGING 1700.15 Poison prevention...

2013-01-01

287

9 CFR 112.10 - Special packaging and labeling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Special packaging and labeling. 112.10 Section 112...ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PACKAGING AND LABELING 112.10 Special packaging and labeling. A biological product,...

2013-01-01

288

21 CFR 211.130 - Packaging and labeling operations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Packaging and labeling operations. 211.130 ...MANUFACTURING PRACTICE FOR FINISHED PHARMACEUTICALS Packaging and Labeling Control 211.130 Packaging and labeling operations. There...

2013-04-01

289

9 CFR 112.10 - Special packaging and labeling.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Special packaging and labeling. 112.10 Section 112...ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PACKAGING AND LABELING 112.10 Special packaging and labeling. A biological product,...

2014-01-01

290

49 CFR 178.915 - General Large Packaging standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false General Large Packaging standards. 178.915 Section 178.915 ...HAZARDOUS MATERIALS REGULATIONS SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS Large Packagings Standards 178.915 General Large...

2010-10-01

291

7 CFR 58.53 - Supervisor of packaging required.  

...2014-01-01 false Supervisor of packaging required. 58.53 Section 58...Dairy Products Prerequisites to Packaging Products with Official Identification 58.53 Supervisor of packaging required. The official...

2014-01-01

292

16 CFR 1700.15 - Poison prevention packaging standards.  

...2014-01-01 false Poison prevention packaging standards. 1700.15 Section 1700...PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION POISON PREVENTION PACKAGING ACT OF 1970 REGULATIONS POISON PREVENTION PACKAGING 1700.15 Poison prevention...

2014-01-01

293

49 CFR 173.465 - Type A packaging tests.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Type A packaging tests. 173.465 Section 173...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Class 7 (Radioactive) Materials 173.465 Type A packaging tests. (a) The...

2013-10-01

294

49 CFR 173.61 - Mixed packaging requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Mixed packaging requirements. 173.61 Section 173...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Definitions, Classification and Packaging for Class 1 173.61 Mixed...

2013-10-01

295

7 CFR 58.53 - Supervisor of packaging required.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Supervisor of packaging required. 58.53 Section 58...Dairy Products Prerequisites to Packaging Products with Official Identification 58.53 Supervisor of packaging required. The official...

2013-01-01

296

49 CFR 178.910 - Marking of Large Packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Marking of Large Packagings. 178.910 Section 178.910 Transportation...HAZARDOUS MATERIALS REGULATIONS SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS Large Packagings Standards 178.910 Marking of Large...

2010-10-01

297

49 CFR 178.502 - Identification codes for packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Identification codes for packagings. 178.502 Section 178.502 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS Non-bulk Performance-Oriented Packaging Standards 178.502...

2013-10-01

298

49 CFR 178.930 - Standards for fiberboard Large Packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Standards for fiberboard Large Packagings. 178.930 Section 178.930 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS Large Packagings Standards 178.930 Standards for...

2013-10-01

299

49 CFR 173.61 - Mixed packaging requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Mixed packaging requirements. 173.61 Section 173...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Definitions, Classification and Packaging for Class 1 173.61 Mixed...

2011-10-01

300

49 CFR 178.920 - Standards for metal Large Packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Standards for metal Large Packagings. 178.920 Section 178.920 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS Large Packagings Standards 178.920 Standards for...

2013-10-01

301

49 CFR 173.206 - Packaging requirements for chlorosilanes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Packaging requirements for chlorosilanes. 173.206...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Non-bulk Packaging for Hazardous Materials Other Than Class 1...

2013-10-01

302

49 CFR 178.502 - Identification codes for packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Identification codes for packagings. 178.502 Section 178.502 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS Non-bulk Performance-Oriented Packaging Standards 178.502...

2012-10-01

303

49 CFR 178.910 - Marking of Large Packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Marking of Large Packagings. 178.910 Section 178.910 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS Large Packagings Standards 178.910 Marking of Large...

2011-10-01

304

49 CFR 173.61 - Mixed packaging requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Mixed packaging requirements. 173.61 Section 173...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Definitions, Classification and Packaging for Class 1 173.61 Mixed...

2012-10-01

305

49 CFR 178.930 - Standards for fiberboard Large Packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Standards for fiberboard Large Packagings. 178.930 Section 178.930 Transportation...HAZARDOUS MATERIALS REGULATIONS SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS Large Packagings Standards 178.930 Standards for...

2010-10-01

306

49 CFR 173.206 - Packaging requirements for chlorosilanes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Packaging requirements for chlorosilanes. 173.206...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Non-bulk Packaging for Hazardous Materials Other Than Class 1...

2011-10-01

307

49 CFR 173.60 - General packaging requirements for explosives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false General packaging requirements for explosives. 173.60...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Definitions, Classification and Packaging for Class 1 173.60 General...

2012-10-01

308

49 CFR 173.60 - General packaging requirements for explosives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false General packaging requirements for explosives. 173.60...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Definitions, Classification and Packaging for Class 1 173.60 General...

2010-10-01

309

49 CFR 178.920 - Standards for metal Large Packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Standards for metal Large Packagings. 178.920 Section 178.920 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS Large Packagings Standards 178.920 Standards for...

2012-10-01

310

49 CFR 173.25 - Authorized packagings and overpacks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Authorized packagings and overpacks. 173.25 Section...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Preparation of Hazardous Materials...Transportation 173.25 Authorized packagings and overpacks. (a)...

2012-10-01

311

21 CFR 211.130 - Packaging and labeling operations.  

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Packaging and labeling operations. 211.130 ...MANUFACTURING PRACTICE FOR FINISHED PHARMACEUTICALS Packaging and Labeling Control 211.130 Packaging and labeling operations. There...

2014-04-01

312

49 CFR 173.465 - Type A packaging tests.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Type A packaging tests. 173.465 Section 173...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Class 7 (Radioactive) Materials 173.465 Type A packaging tests. (a) The...

2012-10-01

313

49 CFR 178.502 - Identification codes for packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Identification codes for packagings. 178.502 Section 178.502 Transportation...MATERIALS REGULATIONS SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS Non-bulk Performance-Oriented Packaging Standards 178.502...

2010-10-01

314

49 CFR 173.25 - Authorized packagings and overpacks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Authorized packagings and overpacks. 173.25 Section...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Preparation of Hazardous Materials...Transportation 173.25 Authorized packagings and overpacks. (a)...

2011-10-01

315

49 CFR 173.206 - Packaging requirements for chlorosilanes.  

... 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Packaging requirements for chlorosilanes. 173.206...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Non-bulk Packaging for Hazardous Materials Other Than Class 1...

2014-10-01

316

49 CFR 178.502 - Identification codes for packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Identification codes for packagings. 178.502 Section 178.502 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS Non-bulk Performance-Oriented Packaging Standards 178.502...

2011-10-01

317

49 CFR 178.930 - Standards for fiberboard Large Packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Standards for fiberboard Large Packagings. 178.930 Section 178.930 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS Large Packagings Standards 178.930 Standards for...

2011-10-01

318

7 CFR 1944.72 - Application packaging orientation and training.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2009-01-01 true Application packaging orientation and training. 1944.72 ...CONTINUED) HOUSING Housing Application Packaging Grants 1944.72 Application packaging orientation and training....

2011-01-01

319

49 CFR 178.915 - General Large Packaging standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false General Large Packaging standards. 178.915 Section 178.915 ...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS Large Packagings Standards 178.915 General Large...

2011-10-01

320

49 CFR 173.61 - Mixed packaging requirements.  

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Mixed packaging requirements. 173.61 Section 173...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Definitions, Classification and Packaging for Class 1 173.61 Mixed...

2014-10-01

321

49 CFR 173.60 - General packaging requirements for explosives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false General packaging requirements for explosives. 173.60...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Definitions, Classification and Packaging for Class 1 173.60 General...

2013-10-01

322

49 CFR 173.223 - Packagings for certain flammable solids.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Packagings for certain flammable solids. 173.223 ...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Non-bulk Packaging for Hazardous Materials Other Than Class 1...

2013-10-01

323

49 CFR 173.25 - Authorized packagings and overpacks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 false Authorized packagings and overpacks. 173.25 Section...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Preparation of Hazardous Materials...Transportation 173.25 Authorized packagings and overpacks. (a)...

2013-10-01

324

49 CFR 178.915 - General Large Packaging standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false General Large Packaging standards. 178.915 Section 178.915 ...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS Large Packagings Standards 178.915 General Large...

2013-10-01

325

49 CFR 178.915 - General Large Packaging standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false General Large Packaging standards. 178.915 Section 178.915 ...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS Large Packagings Standards 178.915 General Large...

2012-10-01

326

49 CFR 173.206 - Packaging requirements for chlorosilanes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Packaging requirements for chlorosilanes. 173.206...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Non-bulk Packaging for Hazardous Materials Other Than Class 1...

2010-10-01

327

7 CFR 1944.72 - Application packaging orientation and training.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Application packaging orientation and training. 1944.72 ...CONTINUED) HOUSING Housing Application Packaging Grants 1944.72 Application packaging orientation and training....

2013-01-01

328

49 CFR 173.25 - Authorized packagings and overpacks.  

... 2014-10-01 false Authorized packagings and overpacks. 173.25 Section...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Preparation of Hazardous Materials...Transportation 173.25 Authorized packagings and overpacks. (a)...

2014-10-01

329

49 CFR 178.930 - Standards for fiberboard Large Packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Standards for fiberboard Large Packagings. 178.930 Section 178.930 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS Large Packagings Standards 178.930 Standards for...

2012-10-01

330

7 CFR 1944.72 - Application packaging orientation and training.  

...2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Application packaging orientation and training. 1944.72 ...CONTINUED) HOUSING Housing Application Packaging Grants 1944.72 Application packaging orientation and training....

2014-01-01

331

7 CFR 58.53 - Supervisor of packaging required.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Supervisor of packaging required. 58.53 Section 58...Dairy Products Prerequisites to Packaging Products with Official Identification 58.53 Supervisor of packaging required. The official...

2012-01-01

332

49 CFR 173.223 - Packagings for certain flammable solids.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Packagings for certain flammable solids. 173.223 ...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Non-bulk Packaging for Hazardous Materials Other Than Class 1...

2012-10-01

333

7 CFR 58.53 - Supervisor of packaging required.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Supervisor of packaging required. 58.53 Section 58...Dairy Products Prerequisites to Packaging Products with Official Identification 58.53 Supervisor of packaging required. The official...

2011-01-01

334

49 CFR 173.25 - Authorized packagings and overpacks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false Authorized packagings and overpacks. 173.25 Section...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Preparation of Hazardous Materials...Transportation 173.25 Authorized packagings and overpacks. (a)...

2010-10-01

335

49 CFR 173.36 - Hazardous materials in Large Packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Hazardous materials in Large Packagings. 173.36 Section 173.36 Transportation...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Preparation of Hazardous Materials...36 Hazardous materials in Large Packagings. (a) No person may offer or...

2013-10-01

336

7 CFR 1944.72 - Application packaging orientation and training.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Application packaging orientation and training. 1944.72 ...CONTINUED) HOUSING Housing Application Packaging Grants 1944.72 Application packaging orientation and training....

2010-01-01

337

49 CFR 173.60 - General packaging requirements for explosives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false General packaging requirements for explosives. 173.60...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Definitions, Classification and Packaging for Class 1 173.60 General...

2011-10-01

338

49 CFR 173.60 - General packaging requirements for explosives.  

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false General packaging requirements for explosives. 173.60...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Definitions, Classification and Packaging for Class 1 173.60 General...

2014-10-01

339

9 CFR 112.10 - Special packaging and labeling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Special packaging and labeling. 112.10 Section 112...ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PACKAGING AND LABELING 112.10 Special packaging and labeling. A biological product,...

2011-01-01

340

49 CFR 173.223 - Packagings for certain flammable solids.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Packagings for certain flammable solids. 173.223 ...SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Non-bulk Packaging for Hazardous Materials Other Than Class 1...

2010-10-01

341

21 CFR 211.130 - Packaging and labeling operations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Packaging and labeling operations. 211.130 ...MANUFACTURING PRACTICE FOR FINISHED PHARMACEUTICALS Packaging and Labeling Control 211.130 Packaging and labeling operations. There...

2011-04-01

342

21 CFR 211.130 - Packaging and labeling operations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Packaging and labeling operations. 211.130 ...MANUFACTURING PRACTICE FOR FINISHED PHARMACEUTICALS Packaging and Labeling Control 211.130 Packaging and labeling operations. There...

2010-04-01

343

21 CFR 211.130 - Packaging and labeling operations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Packaging and labeling operations. 211.130 ...MANUFACTURING PRACTICE FOR FINISHED PHARMACEUTICALS Packaging and Labeling Control 211.130 Packaging and labeling operations. There...

2012-04-01

344

49 CFR 178.920 - Standards for metal Large Packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Standards for metal Large Packagings. 178.920 Section...Standards 178.920 Standards for metal Large Packagings. (a) The provisions in this section apply to metal Large Packagings intended to contain...

2010-10-01

345

The bracket-hack package Christopher Roman Nerz  

E-print Network

The bracket-hack package Christopher Roman Nerz June 5, 2014 Abstract This small LATEX-package1 := and =: to be \\coloneqq (..=) and \\eqqcolon (=..), respectively. brackethack@phoenixes.de 1This package is a `dirty-hack

Ould Ahmedou, Mohameden

346

49 CFR 173.415 - Authorized Type A packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Any foreign-made packaging that meets the standards in IAEA Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material...country of origin (as indicated by the packaging marking) and the IAEA regulations applicable to Type A packagings. [Amdt....

2010-10-01

347

Materials for optoelectronic device packaging/manufacturing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The first part of this work is to review the materials challenges and solutions for the packaging of high power LEDs, i.e., the light extraction efficiency, thermal and UV stability, and stress/delamination, which are all related to the reliability and lifetime of high power LEDs. The second part of this work is related to the development of transparent epoxy and silicone materials for the packaging of LEDs and the studies of light transmission stability under various treatments, including thermal, UV and combined treatments. It is found out that packaged high power blue LEDs encapsulated by epoxy materials have a very short lifetime due to the severe discoloration of epoxy at die-encapsulant interface caused by high flux radiation and junction temperature from LED chip. However, the reliability of formulated silicone outperforms epoxy materials, which can be explain by highly transparent in the UV-visible wavelength region and better thermal and UV resistance of silicone materials. The third part of this work is related to the study of optical properties of white LEDs, i.e., optical power, luminous efficiency, CCT, chromaticity coordinate and CRI as a function of phosphor wt% in silicone for the flat-top (FT) and flat-top-with lens (FTWL) packages. Due to the total internal reflection (TIR) at the encapsulant-air interface, the FT package shows a 1011% power (in mW) reduction compared with the FTWL package at the same phosphor concentration. However, it is demonstrated that the FT package provides a more efficient way of utilizing phosphor than the FTWL package based on the same targeted chromaticity coordinates due to the TIR effect inside, resulting in a reduced phosphor usage with a lumen output only about 3% lower than that of the FTWL package. Furthermore, the effects of fumed silica on optical properties are studied for these packages. In comparison to the package without fumed silica, the package with fumed silica has the advantages in anti-settling of phosphor particles, better color uniformity and reduced phosphor usage. A novel process to fabricate the dye-doped polymer particles with high conversion efficiency for white LEDs is also studied. The results are significant for the packaging of phosphor based high power white LEDs.

Lin, Yuan-Chang

348

16 CFR 503.6 - Packagers' duty to withhold availability of packages imprinted with retail sale price...  

...packages imprinted with retail sale price representations. 503.6 Section 503.6 Commercial...packages imprinted with retail sale price representations. To clarify the requirements...packages marked with retail sale price representations available in any circumstance...

2014-01-01

349

16 CFR 503.6 - Packagers' duty to withhold availability of packages imprinted with retail sale price...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...packages imprinted with retail sale price representations. 503.6 Section 503.6 Commercial...packages imprinted with retail sale price representations. To clarify the requirements...packages marked with retail sale price representations available in any circumstance...

2012-01-01

350

16 CFR 503.6 - Packagers' duty to withhold availability of packages imprinted with retail sale price...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...packages imprinted with retail sale price representations. 503.6 Section 503.6 Commercial...packages imprinted with retail sale price representations. To clarify the requirements...packages marked with retail sale price representations available in any circumstance...

2010-01-01

351

Challenging packaging limits and infectivity of phage ?  

E-print Network

The terminase motors of bacteriophages have been shown to be among the strongest active machines in the biomolecular world, being able to package several tens of kilobase pairs of viral genome into a capsid within minutes. Yet these motors are hindered at the end of the packaging process by the progressive build-up of a force resisting packaging associated with already packaged DNA. In this experimental work, we raise the issue of what sets the upper limit on the length of the genome that can be packaged by the terminase motor of phage {\\lambda} and still yield infectious virions, and the conditions under which this can be efficiently performed. Using a packaging strategy developed in our laboratory of building phage {\\lambda} from scratch, together with plaque assay monitoring, we have been able to show that the terminase motor of phage {\\lambda} is able to produce infectious particles with up to 110% of the wild-type (WT) {\\lambda}-DNA length. However, the phage production rate, and thus the infectivity, decreased exponentially with increasing DNA length, and was a factor of 103 lower for the 110% {\\lambda}-DNA phage. Interestingly, our in vitro strategy was still efficient in fully packaging phages with DNA lengths as high as 114% of the WT length, but these viruses were unable to infect bacterial cells efficiently. Further, we demonstrated that the phage production rate is modulated by the presence of multivalent ionic species. The biological consequences of these finding are discussed.

Elmar Nurmemmedov; Martin Castelnovo; Elizabeth Medina; Carlos Enrique Catalano; Alex Evilevitch

2011-11-09

352

Package testing capabilities at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to describe the package testing capabilities at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). In the past all of the package testing that was performed at PNL was done on prototype or mocked up radioactive material packaging. Presently, we are developing the capability to perform testing on non-radioactive material packaging. The testing on the non-radioactive material packaging will be done to satisfy the new performance oriented packaging requirements (DOT Docket HM-181, 1991). This paper describes the equipment used to perform the performance oriented packaging tests and also describes some testing capability for testing radioactive material packaging.

Taylor, J.M.

1993-06-01

353

Package testing capabilities at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to describe the package testing capabilities at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). In the past all of the package testing that was performed at PNL was done on prototype or mocked up radioactive material packaging. Presently, we are developing the capability to perform testing on non-radioactive material packaging. The testing on the non-radioactive material packaging will be done to satisfy the new performance oriented packaging requirements (DOT Docket HM-181, 1991). This paper describes the equipment used to perform the performance oriented packaging tests and also describes some testing capability for testing radioactive material packaging.

Taylor, J.M.

1993-01-01

354

ISAP: ISO Spectral Analysis Package  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ISAP, written in IDL, simplifies the process of visualizing, subsetting, shifting, rebinning, masking, combining scans with weighted means or medians, filtering, and smoothing Auto Analysis Results (AARs) from post-pipeline processing of the Infrared Space Observatory's (ISO) Short Wavelength Spectrometer (SWS) and Long Wavelength Spectrometer (LWS) data. It can also be applied to PHOT-S and CAM-CVF data, and data from practically any spectrometer. The result of a typical ISAP session is expected to be a "simple spectrum" (single-valued spectrum which may be resampled to a uniform wavelength separation if desired) that can be further analyzed and measured either with other ISAP functions, native IDL functions, or exported to other analysis package (e.g., IRAF, MIDAS) if desired. ISAP provides many tools for further analysis, line-fitting, and continuum measurements, such as routines for unit conversions, conversions from wavelength space to frequency space, line and continuum fitting, flux measurement, synthetic photometry and models such as a zodiacal light model to predict and subtract the dominant foreground at some wavelengths.

Ali, Babar; Bauer, Otto; Brauher, Jim; Buckley, Mark; Harwood, Andrew; Hur, Min; Khan, Iffat; Li, Jing; Lord, Steve; Lutz, Dieter; Mazzarella, Joe; Molinari, Sergio; Morris, Pat; Narron, Bob; Seidenschwang, Karla; Sidher, Sunil; Sturm, Eckhard; Swinyard, Bruce; Unger, Sarah; Verstraete, Laurent; Vivares, Florence; Wieprecht, Ecki

2014-03-01

355

Air-depolyable geophysics package  

SciTech Connect

We are using Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory`s (LLNL`s) diverse expertise to develop a geophysical monitoring system that can survive being dropped into place by a helicopter or airplane. Such an air-deployable system could significantly decrease the time and effort needed to set up such instruments in remote locations following a major earthquake or volcanic eruption. Most currently available geophysical monitoring and survey systems, such as seismic monitoring stations, use sensitive, fragile instrumentation that requires personnel trained and experienced in data acquisition and field setup. Rapid deployment of such equipment can be difficult or impossible. Recent developments in low-power electronics, new materials, and sensors that are resistant to severe impacts have made it possible to develop low-cost geophysical monitoring packages for rapid deployment missions. Our strategy was to focus on low-cost battery-powered systems that would have a relatively long (several months) operational lifetime. We concentrated on the conceptual design and engineering of a single-component seismic system that could survive an air-deployment into an earth material, such as alluvium. Actual implementation of such a system is a goal of future work on this concept. For this project, we drew on LLNL`s Earth Sciences Department, Radio Shop, Plastics Shop, and Weapons Program. The military has had several programs to develop air-deployed and cannon-deployed seismometers. Recently, a sonobuoy manufacturer has offered an air-deployable geophone designed to make relatively soft landings.

Hunter, S.L.; Harben, P.E.

1993-11-01

356

Statistical and Thermal Physics (STP) Package  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Statistical and Thermal Physics (STP) Package contains read-to-run computer models and curricular materials for the teaching of statistical and thermal physics. You can choose from many different simulations and calculations ranging from probability distributions to Ising models. The STP Package is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java program. Double clicking the osp_stp.jar file will run the application if Java is installed. The source code for all programs in this package can be found by searching ComPADRE for the STP Eclipse workspace.

Gould, Harvey; Tobochnik, Jan

2008-05-31

357

Flat conductor cable for electrical packaging  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Flat conductor cable (FCC) is relatively new, highly promising means for electrical packaging and system integration. FCC offers numerous desirable traits (weight, volume and cost savings, flexibility, high reliability, predictable and repeatable electrical characteristics) which make it extremely attractive as a packaging medium. FCC, today, finds wide application in everything from integration of lunar equipment to the packaging of electronics in nuclear submarines. Described are cable construction and means of termination, applicable specifications and standards, and total FCC systems. A list of additional sources of data is also included for more intensive study.

Angele, W.

1972-01-01

358

Void-Free Lid for Food Packaging  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Flexible cover eliminates air pockets in sealed container. Universal food-package lid formed from flexible plastic. Partially folded, lid unfolded by depressing center portion. Height of flat portion of lid above flange thereby reduced. Pressure of food against central oval depression pops it out, forming dome that provides finger grip for mixing contents with water or opening lid. Therefore food stays fresh, allows compact stacking of partially filled containers, and resists crushing. Originally developed for packaging dehydrated food for use in human consumption on Space Shuttle missions. Other uses include home canning and commercial food packaging.

Watson, C. D.; Farris, W. P.

1986-01-01

359

Status and Trend of Automotive Power Packaging  

SciTech Connect

Comprehensive requirements in aspects of cost, reliability, efficiency, form factor, weight, and volume for power electronics modules in modern electric drive vehicles have driven the development of automotive power packaging technology intensively. Innovation in materials, interconnections, and processing techniques is leading to enormous improvements in power modules. In this paper, the technical development of and trends in power module packaging are evaluated by examining technical details with examples of industrial products. The issues and development directions for future automotive power module packaging are also discussed.

Liang, Zhenxian [ORNL

2012-01-01

360

Digital Resource Package for Teaching Evolution  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This digital resource package is a collection of online sources to help K-12 teachers create lessons on the Biology subject of evolution. Topics include Reference Materials, Misconceptions and How to Address Them, Lesson Plans, and Human Evolution.

Laura Moin

361

39 CFR 3055.23 - Package Services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...23 Section 3055.23 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL SERVICE PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORTING Annual Reporting of Service Performance Achievements 3055.23 Package Services. For...

2011-07-01

362

39 CFR 3055.23 - Package Services.  

...23 Section 3055.23 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL SERVICE PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORTING Annual Reporting of Service Performance Achievements 3055.23 Package Services. For...

2014-07-01

363

39 CFR 3055.23 - Package Services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...23 Section 3055.23 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL SERVICE PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORTING Annual Reporting of Service Performance Achievements 3055.23 Package Services. For...

2012-07-01

364

39 CFR 3055.23 - Package Services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...23 Section 3055.23 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL SERVICE PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORTING Annual Reporting of Service Performance Achievements 3055.23 Package Services. For...

2013-07-01

365

40 CFR 262.30 - Packaging.  

...CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS APPLICABLE TO GENERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE Pre-Transport Requirements 262...or offering hazardous waste for transportation off-site, a generator must package the waste in accordance with the applicable...

2014-07-01

366

Digital Resource Package for Teaching Water Quality  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This digital resource package is a collection of online sources to help K-12 teachers create lessons on the Geology subject of water quality. Topics include Field Trips and Labs, Simulations and Media, Case Studies, Lesson Plans, and Reference Material.

Moin, Laura

367

Work Package 4 Politics and Ideology  

E-print Network

Work Package 4 Politics and Ideology From deliverable 4.6-4.7 April 2011 The WTO and the EU to the `Banana war', the other one related to MGO. It appears that the EU economic power is barely translated

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

368

Waste Package Component Design Methodology Report  

SciTech Connect

This Executive Summary provides an overview of the methodology being used by the Yucca Mountain Project (YMP) to design waste packages and ancillary components. This summary information is intended for readers with general interest, but also provides technical readers a general framework surrounding a variety of technical details provided in the main body of the report. The purpose of this report is to document and ensure appropriate design methods are used in the design of waste packages and ancillary components (the drip shields and emplacement pallets). The methodology includes identification of necessary design inputs, justification of design assumptions, and use of appropriate analysis methods, and computational tools. This design work is subject to ''Quality Assurance Requirements and Description''. The document is primarily intended for internal use and technical guidance for a variety of design activities. It is recognized that a wide audience including project management, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and others are interested to various levels of detail in the design methods and therefore covers a wide range of topics at varying levels of detail. Due to the preliminary nature of the design, readers can expect to encounter varied levels of detail in the body of the report. It is expected that technical information used as input to design documents will be verified and taken from the latest versions of reference sources given herein. This revision of the methodology report has evolved with changes in the waste package, drip shield, and emplacement pallet designs over many years and may be further revised as the design is finalized. Different components and analyses are at different stages of development. Some parts of the report are detailed, while other less detailed parts are likely to undergo further refinement. The design methodology is intended to provide designs that satisfy the safety and operational requirements of the YMP. Four waste package configurations have been selected to illustrate the application of the methodology during the licensing process. These four configurations are the 21-pressurized water reactor absorber plate waste package (21-PWRAP), the 44-boiling water reactor waste package (44-BWR), the 5 defense high-level radioactive waste (HLW) DOE spent nuclear fuel (SNF) codisposal short waste package (5-DHLWDOE SNF Short), and the naval canistered SNF long waste package (Naval SNF Long). Design work for the other six waste packages will be completed at a later date using the same design methodology. These include the 24-boiling water reactor waste package (24-BWR), the 21-pressurized water reactor control rod waste package (21-PWRCR), the 12-pressurized water reactor waste package (12-PWR), the 5 defense HLW DOE SNF codisposal long waste package (5-DHLWDOE SNF Long), the 2 defense HLW DOE SNF codisposal waste package (2-MC012-DHLW), and the naval canistered SNF short waste package (Naval SNF Short). This report is only part of the complete design description. Other reports related to the design include the design reports, the waste package system description documents, manufacturing specifications, and numerous documents for the many detailed calculations. The relationships between this report and other design documents are shown in Figure 1.

D.C. Mecham

2004-07-12

369

49 CFR 173.29 - Empty packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Transportation PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION...hazardous substance, a hazardous waste, or a marine pollutant. (c) A non-bulk packaging...class and is not a hazardous waste or marine pollutant, may remain marked,...

2011-10-01

370

49 CFR 173.29 - Empty packagings.  

...Regulations Relating to Transportation PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION...hazardous substance, a hazardous waste, or a marine pollutant. (c) A non-bulk packaging...class and is not a hazardous waste or marine pollutant, may remain marked,...

2014-10-01

371

49 CFR 173.29 - Empty packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Transportation PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION...hazardous substance, a hazardous waste, or a marine pollutant. (c) A non-bulk packaging...class and is not a hazardous waste or marine pollutant, may remain marked,...

2013-10-01

372

49 CFR 173.29 - Empty packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Transportation PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION...hazardous substance, a hazardous waste, or a marine pollutant. (c) A non-bulk packaging...class and is not a hazardous waste or marine pollutant, may remain marked,...

2012-10-01

373

49 CFR 173.29 - Empty packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Transportation PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION...hazardous substance, a hazardous waste, or a marine pollutant. (c) A non-bulk packaging...class and is not a hazardous waste or marine pollutant, may remain marked,...

2010-10-01

374

An Optical Crystallography Instructional Package on Videocassettes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a self-teaching instructional package on color videocassettes, supplemented with audio descriptions, prepared from original super-8mm cinephotomicrographs for use in optical crystallography courses. Production techniques are also reviewed. (Author/JN)

Birnie, Richard W.

1980-01-01

375

ebalance: A Stata Package for Entropy Balancing  

E-print Network

The Stata package ebalance implements entropy balancing, a multivariate reweighting method described in Hainmueller (2012 ) that allows users to reweight a dataset such that the covariate distributions in the reweighted ...

Hainmueller, Jens

376

Radiation Level Changes at RAM Package Surfaces  

SciTech Connect

This paper will explore design considerations required to meet the regulations that limit radiation level variations at external surfaces of radioactive material (RAM) packages. The radiation level requirements at package surfaces (e.g. TS-R-1 paragraphs 531 and 646) invoke not only maximum radiation levels, but also strict limits on the allowable increase in the radiation level during transport. This paper will explore the regulatory requirements by quantifying the amount of near surface movement and/or payload shifting that results in a 20% increase in the radiation level at the package surface. Typical IP-2, IP-3, Type A and Type B packaging and source geometries will be illustrated. Variations in surface radiation levels are typically the result of changes in the geometry of the surface due to an impact, puncture or crush event, or shifting and settling of radioactive contents.

Opperman, Erich [Washington Savannah River Company] [Washington Savannah River Company; Hawk, Mark B [ORNL] [ORNL; Kapoor, Ashok [U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Packaging and Transportation] [U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Packaging and Transportation; Natali, Ronald [R. B. Natali Consulting, Inc.] [R. B. Natali Consulting, Inc.

2010-01-01

377

FITSH: Software Package for Image Processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

FITSH provides a standalone environment for analysis of data acquired by imaging astronomical detectors. The package provides utilities both for the full pipeline of subsequent related data processing steps (including image calibration, astrometry, source identification, photometry, differential analysis, low-level arithmetic operations, multiple image combinations, spatial transformations and interpolations, etc.) and for aiding the interpretation of the (mainly photometric and/or astrometric) results. The package also features a consistent implementation of photometry based on image subtraction, point spread function fitting and aperture photometry and provides easy-to-use interfaces for comparisons and for picking the most suitable method for a particular problem. The utilities in the package are built on the top of the commonly used UNIX/POSIX shells (hence the name of the package), therefore both frequently used and well-documented tools for such environments can be exploited and managing massive amount of data is rather convenient.

Pl, Andrs

2011-11-01

378

7 CFR 29.2540 - Package.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...REGULATIONS TOBACCO INSPECTION Standards Official Standard Grades for Kentucky and Tennessee Fire-Cured and Foreign-Grown Fire-Cured Tobacco (u.s. Types 22, 23, and Foreign Type 96) 29.2540 Package. A hogshead,...

2011-01-01

379

Installation package for a solar heating system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Installation information is given for a solar heating system installed in Concho Indian School at El Reno, Oklahoma. This package includes a system Operation and Maintenance Manual, hardware brochures, schematics, system operating modes and drawings.

1978-01-01

380

CERAMIC WASTE FORM DATA PACKAGE  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this data package is to provide information about simulated crystalline waste forms that can be used to select an appropriate composition for a Cold Crucible Induction Melter (CCIM) proof of principle demonstration. Melt processing, viscosity, electrical conductivity, and thermal analysis information was collected to assess the ability of two potential candidate ceramic compositions to be processed in the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) CCIM and to guide processing parameters for the CCIM operation. Given uncertainties in the CCIM capabilities to reach certain temperatures throughout the system, one waste form designated 'Fe-MP' was designed towards enabling processing and another, designated 'CAF-5%TM-MP' was designed towards optimized microstructure. Melt processing studies confirmed both compositions could be poured from a crucible at 1600{degrees}C although the CAF-5%TM-MP composition froze before pouring was complete due to rapid crystallization (upon cooling). X-ray diffraction measurements confirmed the crystalline nature and phase assemblages of the compositions. The kinetics of melting and crystallization appeared to vary significantly between the compositions. Impedance spectroscopy results indicated the electrical conductivity is acceptable with respect to processing in the CCIM. The success of processing either ceramic composition will depend on the thermal profiles throughout the CCIM. In particular, the working temperature of the pour spout relative to the bulk melter which can approach 1700{degrees}C. The Fe-MP composition is recommended to demonstrate proof of principle for crystalline simulated waste forms considering the current configuration of INL's CCIM. If proposed modifications to the CCIM can maintain a nominal temperature of 1600{degrees}C throughout the melter, drain, and pour spout, then the CAF-5%TM-MP composition should be considered for a proof of principle demonstration.

Amoroso, J.; Marra, J.

2014-06-13

381

Glass Ceramic Formulation Data Package  

SciTech Connect

A glass ceramic waste form is being developed for treatment of secondary waste streams generated by aqueous reprocessing of commercial used nuclear fuel (Crum et al. 2012b). The waste stream contains a mixture of transition metals, alkali, alkaline earths, and lanthanides, several of which exceed the solubility limits of a single phase borosilicate glass (Crum et al. 2009; Caurant et al. 2007). A multi-phase glass ceramic waste form allows incorporation of insoluble components of the waste by designed crystallization into durable heat tolerant phases. The glass ceramic formulation and processing targets the formation of the following three stable crystalline phases: (1) powellite (XMoO4) where X can be (Ca, Sr, Ba, and/or Ln), (2) oxyapatite Yx,Z(10-x)Si6O26 where Y is alkaline earth, Z is Ln, and (3) lanthanide borosilicate (Ln5BSi2O13). These three phases incorporate the waste components that are above the solubility limit of a single-phase borosilicate glass. The glass ceramic is designed to be a single phase melt, just like a borosilicate glass, and then crystallize upon slow cooling to form the targeted phases. The slow cooling schedule is based on the centerline cooling profile of a 2 foot diameter canister such as the Hanford High-Level Waste canister. Up to this point, crucible testing has been used for glass ceramic development, with cold crucible induction melter (CCIM) targeted as the ultimate processing technology for the waste form. Idaho National Laboratory (INL) will conduct a scaled CCIM test in FY2012 with a glass ceramic to demonstrate the processing behavior. This Data Package documents the laboratory studies of the glass ceramic composition to support the CCIM test. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) measured melt viscosity, electrical conductivity, and crystallization behavior upon cooling to identify a processing window (temperature range) for melter operation and cooling profiles necessary to crystallize the targeted phases in the waste form.

Crum, Jarrod V.; Rodriguez, Carmen P.; McCloy, John S.; Vienna, John D.; Chung, Chul-Woo

2012-06-17

382

Packaging Technology for the NEC SX Supercomputer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technological considerations in realizing high-speed supercomputers are presented, focusing on large-scale integrated (LSI) chips, new circuit packaging technology, and a liquid cooling system. The Model SX-1 and SX-2 supercomputers employ a new circuit packaging technology achieving up to 1300 megaflops processing speeds with a 6-ns machine cycle. This new technology features a 1000-gate current mode logic (CML) LSI with 250

TOSHIHIKO WATARI; HIROSHI MURANO

1985-01-01

383

Packaging material for thin film lithium batteries  

DOEpatents

A thin film battery including components which are capable of reacting upon exposure to air and water vapor incorporates a packaging system which provides a barrier against the penetration of air and water vapor. The packaging system includes a protective sheath overlying and coating the battery components and can be comprised of an overlayer including metal, ceramic, a ceramic-metal combination, a parylene-metal combination, a parylene-ceramic combination or a parylene-metal-ceramic combination.

Bates, John B. (116 Baltimore Dr., Oak Ridge, TN 37830); Dudney, Nancy J. (11634 S. Monticello Rd., Knoxville, TN 37922); Weatherspoon, Kim A. (223 Wadsworth Pl., Oak Ridge, TN 37830)

1996-01-01

384

ADIPLS -- the Aarhus adiabatic oscillation package  

E-print Network

Development of the Aarhus adiabatic pulsation code started around 1978. Although the main features have been stable for more than a decade, development of the code is continuing, concerning numerical properties and output. The code has been provided as a generally available package and has seen substantial use at a number of installations. Further development of the package, including bringing the documentation closer to being up to date, is planned as part of the HELAS Coordination Action.

J. Christensen-Dalsgaard

2007-10-16

385

Microsystem packaging of an RF SAW correlator.  

SciTech Connect

An electrically programmable surface acoustic wave (SAW) correlator was recently completed from design through small scale production in support of low power space-based communications for NASA. Three different versions of this RF microsystem were built to satisfy design requirements and overcome packaging and system reliability related issues. Flip-chip packaging and conventional thick film hybrid assembly techniques are compared in the fabrication of this microsystem.

Palmer, David A.; Brocato, Robert Wesley; Studor, George F.

2005-01-01

386

Power distribution in a Josephson package environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

An ac power supply designed to power 8K Josephson logic circuits has been tested in a package environment for the first time. The test was part of an experiment that utilized the essential package components for a Josephson computer. All accessible chip-level power signals had the predicted amplitude variation with frequency over the range 50-400 MHz when normal fabrication tolerances

P. Arnett

1983-01-01

387

The IRAF radial velocity analysis package  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The IRAF Radial Velocity Analysis package is described and future plans are presented. A discussion of the current strengths and weaknesses of the package is given along with an analysis of the accuracies that can be expected for a given data set. An overview of the cross-correlation task is presented along with atypical examples of it's use. Future plans for new tasks and algorithms are also described.

Fitzpatrick, M.

1992-01-01

388

Scope on Safety: Avoid surprise packages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR), parts 171--180 explain what is required of a shipper to transport hazardous materials safely. The regulations cover classification, packaging, incident reporting, and handling of hazardous materials. Hazardous material packaging is the first line of defense in helping to prevent the material from being released during transportation. School personnel who deal with hazardous shipments should review the suggestions outlined in this month's column.

Roy, Ken

2008-04-01

389

Efficient Implementation of a BDD Package  

Microsoft Academic Search

Efficient manipulation of Boolean functions is an important component of many computer-aided design tasks. This paper describes a package for manipulating Boolean functions based on the reduced, ordered, binary decision diagram (ROBDD) representation. The package is based on an efficient implementation of the if-then-else (ITE) operator. A hash table is used to maintain a strong canonical form in the ROBDD,

Karl S. Brace; Richard L. Rudell; Randal E. Bryant

1990-01-01

390

HOPSPACK: Hybrid Optimization Parallel Search Package.  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we describe the technical details of HOPSPACK (Hybrid Optimization Parallel SearchPackage), a new software platform which facilitates combining multiple optimization routines into asingle, tightly-coupled, hybrid algorithm that supports parallel function evaluations. The frameworkis designed such that existing optimization source code can be easily incorporated with minimalcode modification. By maintaining the integrity of each individual solver, the strengths and codesophistication of the original optimization package are retained and exploited.4

Gray, Genetha A.; Kolda, Tamara G.; Griffin, Joshua; Taddy, Matt; Martinez-Canales, Monica

2008-12-01

391

White LED with High Package Extraction Efficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this project is to develop a high efficiency phosphor converting (white) Light Emitting Diode (pcLED) 1-Watt package through an increase in package extraction efficiency. A transparent\\/translucent monolithic phosphor is proposed to replace the powdered phosphor to reduce the scattering caused by phosphor particles. Additionally, a multi-layer thin film selectively reflecting filter is proposed between blue LED die

Yi Zheng; Matthew Stough

2008-01-01

392

Effectiveness of antimicrobial food packaging materials.  

PubMed

Antimicrobial additives have been used successfully for many years as direct food additives. The literature provides evidence that some of these additives may be effective as indirect food additives incorporated into food packaging materials. Antimicrobial food packaging is directed toward the reduction of surface contamination of processed, prepared foods such as sliced meats and Frankfurter sausages (hot dogs). The use of such packaging materials is not meant to be a substitute for good sanitation practices, but it should enhance the safety of food as an additional hurdle for the growth of pathogenic and/or spoilage microorganisms. Studies have focused on establishing methods for coating low-density polyethylene film or barrier films with methyl cellulose as a carrier for nisin. These films have significantly reduced the presence of Listeria monocytogenes in solutions and in vacuum packaged hot dogs. Other research has focused on the use of chitosan to inhibit L. monocytogenes and chlorine dioxide sachets for the reduction of Salmonella on modified atmosphere-packaged fresh chicken breasts. Overall, antimicrobial packaging shows promise as an effective method for the inhibition of certain bacteria in foods, but barriers to their commercial implementation continue to exist. PMID:16227182

Cooksey, K

2005-10-01

393

Protection of microelectronic devices during packaging  

DOEpatents

The present invention relates to a method of protecting a microelectronic device during device packaging, including the steps of applying a water-insoluble, protective coating to a sensitive area on the device; performing at least one packaging step; and then substantially removing the protective coating, preferably by dry plasma etching. The sensitive area can include a released MEMS element. The microelectronic device can be disposed on a wafer. The protective coating can be a vacuum vapor-deposited parylene polymer, silicon nitride, metal (e.g. aluminum or tungsten), a vapor deposited organic material, cynoacrylate, a carbon film, a self-assembled monolayered material, perfluoropolyether, hexamethyldisilazane, or perfluorodecanoic carboxylic acid, silicon dioxide, silicate glass, or combinations thereof. The present invention also relates to a method of packaging a microelectronic device, including: providing a microelectronic device having a sensitive area; applying a water-insoluble, protective coating to the sensitive area; providing a package; attaching the device to the package; electrically interconnecting the device to the package; and substantially removing the protective coating from the sensitive area.

Peterson, Kenneth A. (Albuquerque, NM); Conley, William R. (Tijeras, NM)

2002-01-01

394

DEVELOPMENT OF SPECIFICATIONS FOR RADIOACTIVE WASTE PACKAGES  

E-print Network

The main objective of radioactive waste management is to protect people and their environment from the potential harmful effects of radioactive waste and to minimize the burden for future generations. Safe disposal of conditioned radioactive waste is considered the final step of waste management. Waste acceptance requirements, consistent with a disposal concept, should be defined either by national authorities or repository operators with the aim of meeting the safety goal of radioactive waste disposal. An important task for waste management organizations is to translate general waste acceptance requirements into detailed waste package specifications. Waste package specifications should be individually prepared and implemented for each type of radioactive waste package produced (considering both waste form and waste container) and should reflect specific characteristics of the waste package. Such specifications allow simpler and more accessible control and verification methods to be applied directly by the waste generators and disposal facility operators. Waste package specifications can also be directly implemented in quality assurance and quality control systems during waste processing and waste package control.

unknown authors

395

Electronic packaging in the 1990s: the perspective from Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronics packaging and interconnection technologies for mainframe computers are reviewed and predictions about the development of packaging systems beyond 1995 are made. Types of packages, their assembly, wiring board technology, microwiring substrates, polyimide-copper substrates, thin-film technologies, multilayer ceramic technology, printed circuit boards, cooling technology, packaging systems, and European activities are reviewed. These include the RISH project, ESPRIT program, the national

Hermann Wessely; Otmar Fritz; Michael Horn; Peter Klimke; Walter Koschnick; Karl-Heinz Schmidt

1991-01-01

396

MATLAB package for solving Box-Constrained Integer Least  

E-print Network

BILS: MATLAB package for solving Box-Constrained Integer Least Squares Problems User's Guide Xiao. This MATLAB package provides the solution to the BILS problem. The purpose of this document is to show how to use this package. For the theory and al- gorithms implemented in this package, see the paper "Solving

Toronto, University of

397

Packages in the `graphics' bundle D. P. Carlisle  

E-print Network

Packages in the `graphics' bundle D. P. Carlisle 1999/01/13 Contents 1 Introduction 2 2 Driver support 2 3 Colour 3 3.1 Package Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3 Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 4 The Graphics packages 7 4.1 Package

Bloch, Ethan

398

This package is designed as a drop off and includes  

E-print Network

This package is designed as a drop off and includes: Tossed Salad with Assorted Toppings Assorted and appropriate condiments to compliment. $165.95 per package. Package is ordered in increments of 15. This package is designed as a drop off and includes: Your choice of Two Soups: Broccoli & Cheddar Potato Bacon

Jiang, Huiqiang

399

Packages in the `graphics' bundle D. P. Carlisle  

E-print Network

Packages in the `graphics' bundle D. P. Carlisle 1996/10/29 Contents 1 Introduction 1 2 Driver support 2 3 Colour 2 3.1 Package Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3 Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 4 The Graphics packages 6 4.1 Package

Duncan, James S.

400

Packages in the `graphics' bundle D. P. Carlisle  

E-print Network

Packages in the `graphics' bundle D. P. Carlisle 1999/01/13 Contents 1 Introduction 2 2 Driver support 2 3 Colour 3 3.1 Package Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 4 The Graphics packages 7 4.1 Package Options

401

TYPE B RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL PACKAGE FAILURE MODES AND CONTENTS COMPLIANCE  

SciTech Connect

Type B radioactive material package failures can occur due to any one of the following: inadequate design, manufacture, and maintenance of packages, load conditions beyond those anticipated in the regulations, and improper package loading and operation. The rigorous package design evaluations performed in the certification process, robust package manufacture quality assurance programs, and demanding load conditions prescribed in the regulations are all well established. This paper focuses on the operational aspects of Type B package loading with respect to an overbatch which may cause a package failure.

Watkins, R; Steve Hensel, S; Allen Smith, A

2007-02-21

402

White LED with High Package Extraction Efficiency  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this project is to develop a high efficiency phosphor converting (white) Light Emitting Diode (pcLED) 1-Watt package through an increase in package extraction efficiency. A transparent/translucent monolithic phosphor is proposed to replace the powdered phosphor to reduce the scattering caused by phosphor particles. Additionally, a multi-layer thin film selectively reflecting filter is proposed between blue LED die and phosphor layer to recover inward yellow emission. At the end of the project we expect to recycle approximately 50% of the unrecovered backward light in current package construction, and develop a pcLED device with 80 lm/W{sub e} using our technology improvements and commercially available chip/package source. The success of the project will benefit luminous efficacy of white LEDs by increasing package extraction efficiency. In most phosphor-converting white LEDs, the white color is obtained by combining a blue LED die (or chip) with a powdered phosphor layer. The phosphor partially absorbs the blue light from the LED die and converts it into a broad green-yellow emission. The mixture of the transmitted blue light and green-yellow light emerging gives white light. There are two major drawbacks for current pcLEDs in terms of package extraction efficiency. The first is light scattering caused by phosphor particles. When the blue photons from the chip strike the phosphor particles, some blue light will be scattered by phosphor particles. Converted yellow emission photons are also scattered. A portion of scattered light is in the backward direction toward the die. The amount of this backward light varies and depends in part on the particle size of phosphors. The other drawback is that yellow emission from phosphor powders is isotropic. Although some backward light can be recovered by the reflector in current LED packages, there is still a portion of backward light that will be absorbed inside the package and further converted to heat. Heat generated in the package may cause a deterioration of encapsulant materials, affecting the performance of both the LED die and phosphor, leading to a decrease in the luminous efficacy over lifetime. Recent studies from research groups at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute found that, under the condition to obtain a white light, about 40% of the light is transmitted outward of the phosphor layer and 60% of the light is reflected inward.1,2 It is claimed that using scattered photon extraction (SPE) technique, luminous efficacy is increased by 60%. In this project, a transparent/translucent monolithic phosphor was used to replace the powdered phosphor layer. In the normal pcLED package, the powdered phosphor is mixed with silicone either to be deposited on the top of LED die forming a chip level conversion (CLC) white LED or to be casted in the package forming a volume conversion white LED. In the monolithic phosphors there are no phosphor powder/silicone interfaces so it can reduce the light scattering caused by phosphor particles. Additionally, a multi-layer thin film selectively reflecting filter is inserted in the white LED package between the blue LED die and phosphor layer. It will selectively transmit the blue light from the LED die and reflect the phosphor's yellow inward emission outward. The two technologies try to recover backward light to the outward direction in the pcLED package thereby improving the package extraction efficiency.

Yi Zheng; Matthew Stough

2008-09-30

403

608 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ADVANCED PACKAGING, VOL. 23, NO. 4, NOVEMBER 2000 MEMS Post-Packaging by Localized Heating and  

E-print Network

608 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ADVANCED PACKAGING, VOL. 23, NO. 4, NOVEMBER 2000 MEMS Post-Packaging by Localized Heating and Bonding Liwei Lin Abstract--This work addresses important post-packaging issues of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). Establishing a versatile post-packaging process not only advances the field

Lin, Liwei

404

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ADVANCED PACKAGING, VOL. 30, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2007 19 Wafer-Level Packaging of Micromechanical  

E-print Network

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ADVANCED PACKAGING, VOL. 30, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2007 19 Wafer-Level Packaging, IEEE, and Paul A. Kohl, Member, IEEE Abstract--An approach to low-cost, wafer-level packaging in a protective overcoat. The protected MEMS device can then be handled and packaged like an integrated circuit

Ayazi, Farrokh

405

Advanced packaging for Integrated Micro-Instruments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The relationship between packaging, microelectronics, and micro-electrical-mechanical systems (MEMS) is an important one, particularly when the edges of performance boundaries are pressed, as in the case of miniaturized systems. Packaging is a sort of physical backbone that enables the maximum performance of these systems to be realized, and the penalties imposed by conventional packing approaches is particularly limiting for MEMS devices. As such, advanced packaging approaches, such as multi-chip modules (MCM's) have been touted as a true means of electronic 'enablement' for a variety of application domains. Realizing an optimum system of packaging, however, in not as simple as replacing a set of single chip packages with a substrate of interconnections. Research at Phillips Laboratory has turned up a number of integrating options in the two- and three-dimensional rending of miniature systems with physical interconnection structures with intrinsically high performance. Not only do these structures motivate the redesign of integrated circuits (IC's) for lower power, but they possess interesting features that provide a framework for the direct integration of MEMS devices. Cost remains a barrier to the application of MEMS devices, even in space systems. Several innovations are suggested that will result in lower cost and more rapid cycle time. First, the novelty of a 'constant floor plan' MCM which encapsulates a variety of commonly used components into a stockable, easily customized assembly is discussed. Next, the use of low-cost substrates is examined. The anticipated advent of ultra-high density interconnect (UHDI) is suggested as the limit argument of advanced packaging. Finally, the concept of a heterogeneous 3-D MCM system is outlined that allows for the combination of different compatible packaging approaches into a uniformly dense structure that could also include MEMS-based sensors.

Lyke, James L.

1995-01-01

406

Carbon Footprint of Beverage Packaging in the United Kingdom  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The food and drinks sector is the major user of packaging in the UK, accounting for 70% of the total. With the consumption\\u000a of packaging in the UK estimated at over ten million tonnes, the life cycle environmental impacts of packaging could be significant.\\u000a This work focuses on drinks packaging and estimates the carbon footprint of packaging used for five

Haruna Gujba; Adisa Azapagic

407

The development of a digital signal processing and plotting package to support testing of hazardous and radioactive material packages  

SciTech Connect

Federal regulations allow package designers to use analysis, testing, or a combination of analysis and testing to support certification of packages used to transport hazardous or radioactive materials. In recent years, many certified packages were subjected to a combination of analysis and testing. A major part of evaluating structural or thermal package response is the collection, reduction and presentation of instrumentation measurement data. Sandia National Laboratories, under the sponsorship of the US Department of Energy, has developed a comprehensive analysis and plotting package (known as KAPP) that performs digital signal processing of both transient structural and thermal data integrated with a comprehensive plotting package designed to support radioactive material package testing.

Ludwigsen, J.S.; Uncapher, W.L.; Arviso, M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Lattier, C.N.; Hankinson, M.; Cannone, D.J. [Geo-Centers, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1995-12-31

408

Thermal Management of Power Semiconductor Packages - Matching Cooling Technologies with Packaging Technologies (Presentation)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Heat removal for power semiconductor devices is critical for robust operation. Because there are different packaging options, different thermal management technologies, and a range of applications, there is a need for a methodology to match cooling technologies and package configurations to target applications. To meet this need, a methodology was developed to compare the sensitivity of cooling technologies on the

K. Bennion; G. Moreno

2010-01-01

409

Thermal management of LEDs: package to system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Light emitting diodes, LEDs, historically have been used for indicators and produced low amounts of heat. The introduction of high brightness LEDs with white light and monochromatic colors have led to a movement towards general illumination. The increased electrical currents used to drive the LEDs have focused more attention on the thermal paths in the developments of LED power packaging. The luminous efficiency of LEDs is soon expected to reach over 80 lumens/W, this is approximately 6 times the efficiency of a conventional incandescent tungsten bulb. Thermal management for the solid-state lighting applications is a key design parameter for both package and system level. Package and system level thermal management is discussed in separate sections. Effect of chip packages on junction to board thermal resistance was compared for both SiC and Sapphire chips. The higher thermal conductivity of the SiC chip provided about 2 times better thermal performance than the latter, while the under-filled Sapphire chip package can only catch the SiC chip performance. Later, system level thermal management was studied based on established numerical models for a conceptual solid-state lighting system. A conceptual LED illumination system was chosen and CFD models were created to determine the availability and limitations of passive air-cooling.

Arik, Mehmet; Becker, Charles A.; Weaver, Stanton E.; Petroski, James

2004-01-01

410

Effective launch package integration for electromagnetic guns  

SciTech Connect

Many engineering disciplines must be considered when designing launch packages for electromagnetic guns. These include electromechanics, plasma physics, fluid dynamics, structures, materials science, aerodynamics, thermodynamics, flight dynamics, and terminal effects. Often, the requirements of one discipline will be in direct conflict with the requirements of another. Each discipline can claim to be of overriding importance, but all aspects of launch package design must be considered if the gun system is to succeed in its mission. Choices must be made regarding launch package configuration. Base-pushing or mid-riding solutions are possible with solid, hybrid or plasma armatures. Fully optimized launch package designs must be used in comparisons to find the actual optimal design point. The most effective design for one gun system will not necessarily be the most effective for another. This paper discusses the interplay among the various engineering disciplines involved in launch package design. Successful testing of integrated projectile/armature/sabot configurations from 90 mm EM guns is reviewed.

Hayden, T.E. [Kaman Sciences Corp., Colorado Springs, CO (United States)] [Kaman Sciences Corp., Colorado Springs, CO (United States); Dethlefsen, R. [Maxwell Labs., Inc., San Diego, CA (United States)] [Maxwell Labs., Inc., San Diego, CA (United States); Price, J.H. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Center for Electromechanics] [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Center for Electromechanics

1995-01-01

411

Analytical screening studies on irradiated food packaging.  

PubMed

Foods may be irradiated in their final packaging and this process may affect the composition of the packaging and in turn affect the migration of substances into food. Headspace and liquid injection GC-MS and HPLC with time-of-flight MS have been used to identify and estimate levels of radiolytic products in irradiated finished plastic packaging materials. Fifteen retail packaging materials were studied. Investigations were carried out into the effect of different irradiation types (gamma and electron beam), irradiation doses (1, 3, 7 and 10kGy) and dose rates (5kGys(-1) for electron beam and 0.4 and 1.85kGyh(-1) for gamma) on the radiolytic products. Any differences seen in comparing the two ionising radiation types were attributed largely to the very different dose rates; for electron beam a 10kGy dose was delivered in just 2s whereas using gamma it took 5.4h. Differences were also seen when comparing the same samples irradiated at different doses. Some substances were not affected by irradiation, others decreased in concentration and others were formed upon increasing doses of irradiation. These results confirm that irradiation-induced changes do occur in substances with the potential to migrate and that the safety of the finished packaging material following irradiation should be assessed. PMID:24215551

Driffield, M; Bradley, E L; Leon, I; Lister, L; Speck, D R; Castle, L; Potter, E L J

2014-01-01

412

FITSH- a software package for image processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we describe the main features of the software package named FITSH, intended to provide a standalone environment for analysis of data acquired by imaging astronomical detectors. The package both provides utilities for the full pipeline of subsequent related data-processing steps (including image calibration, astrometry, source identification, photometry, differential analysis, low-level arithmetic operations, multiple-image combinations, spatial transformations and interpolations) and aids the interpretation of the (mainly photometric and/or astrometric) results. The package also features a consistent implementation of photometry based on image subtraction, point spread function fitting and aperture photometry and provides easy-to-use interfaces for comparisons and for picking the most suitable method for a particular problem. The set of utilities found in this package is built on top of the commonly used UNIX/POSIX shells (hence the name of the package); therefore, both frequently used and well-documented tools for such environments can be exploited and managing a massive amount of data is rather convenient.

Pl, Andrs.

2012-04-01

413

Integrated microsystems packaging approach with LCP  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Within the government communication market there is an increasing push to further miniaturize systems with the use of chip-scale packages, flip-chip bonding, and other advances over traditional packaging techniques. Harris' approach to miniaturization includes these traditional packaging advances, but goes beyond this level of miniaturization by combining the functional and structural elements of a system, thus creating a Multi-Functional Structural Circuit (MFSC). An emerging high-frequency, near hermetic, thermoplastic electronic substrate material, Liquid Crystal Polymer (LCP), is the material that will enable the combination of the electronic circuit and the physical structure of the system. The first embodiment of this vision for Harris is the development of a battlefield acoustic sensor module. This paper will introduce LCP and its advantages for MFSC, present an example of the work that Harris has performed, and speak to LCP MFSCs' potential benefits to miniature communications modules and sensor platforms.

Jaynes, Paul; Shacklette, Lawrence W.

2006-05-01

414

RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL PACKAGING TORQUE REQUIREMENTS COMPLIANCE  

SciTech Connect

Shipping containers used to transport radioactive material (RAM) in commerce employ a variety of closure mechanisms. Often, these closure mechanisms require a specific amount of torque be applied to a bolt, nut or other threaded fastener. It is important that the required preload is achieved so that the package testing and analysis is not invalidated for the purpose of protecting the public. Torque compliance is a means of ensuring closure preload, is a major factor in accomplishing the package functions of confinement/containment, sub-criticality, and shielding. This paper will address the importance of applying proper torque to package closures, discuss torque value nomenclature, and present one methodology to ensure torque compliance is achieved.

Watkins, R.; Leduc, D.

2011-03-24

415

Weighing Polyelectrolytes Packaged in Viruslike Particles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This Letter reports on the remarkable selectivity of capsid proteins for packaging synthetic polyelectrolytes in viruslike particles. By applying the contrast variation method in small-angle neutron scattering, we accurately estimated the mean mass of packaged polyelectrolytes ?Mp? and that of the surrounding capsid ?Mcap?. Remarkably, the mass ratio ?Mp?/?Mcap? was invariant for polyelectrolyte molecular weights spanning more than 2 orders of magnitude. To do so, capsids either packaged several chains simultaneously or selectively retained the shortest chains that could fit the capsid interior. Our data are in qualitative agreement with theoretical predictions based on free energy minimization and emphasize the importance of protein self-energy. These findings may give new insights into the nonspecific origin of genome selectivity for a number of viral systems.

Tresset, Guillaume; Tatou, Mouna; Le C`ur, Clmence; Zeghal, Mehdi; Bailleux, Virginie; Lecchi, Amlie; Brach, Katarzyna; Klekotko, Magdalena; Porcar, Lionel

2014-09-01

416

Big Things Come in Little Packages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As a group, learners investigate three packages which are all the same size and shape, but have different contents. One is filled with foam, one is filled with wood, and one is filled with metal. Learners are introduced to the concept of density, that objects with the same volume but different masses have different densities. Learners can extend their learning using one of the extensions provided: twenty questions to determine contents, determine the volume of the packages, determine mass and densities of the packages. Part of the 21-activity guide published by OMSI, No Hassle Messy Science with a Wow. All activities in this guide use household materials and all lesson plans include preparation directions, demonstrations, procedure sheets, cross-curricular connections, and scientific explanation of content.

Oregon Museum of Science and Industry

2007-01-01

417

LASP: Locomotive Analysis Software Package. Software  

SciTech Connect

The tape contains Locomotive Analysis Software Package for analyzing the data collected by a Locomotive Data Acquisition Package (LDAP). The LDAP is designed to study the locomotive performance and may be applied to study the energy conservation measures as well as train dynamics. The locomotive analysis software package consists of 12 computer programs which, along with the subroutines, reside on 31 files on the tape. These programs may be used for data verification, data reduction and analysis of data collected by LDAP. While the programs have been developed for use on a DEC PDP 11/70 computer, the language and format is suitable for use on other computer systems...Software Description: The system is written in the FORTRAN programming language for implementation on a DEC PDP 11/70 computer using the IAS version 3.1 operating system. The computer memory requirement is 64K.

Bang, A.

1982-03-01

418

DEPLOYMENT OF THE BULK TRITIUM SHIPPING PACKAGE  

SciTech Connect

A new Bulk Tritium Shipping Package (BTSP) was designed by the Savannah River National Laboratory to be a replacement for a package that has been used to ship tritium in a variety of content configurations and forms since the early 1970s. The BTSP was certified by the National Nuclear Safety Administration in 2011 for shipments of up to 150 grams of Tritium. Thirty packages were procured and are being delivered to various DOE sites for operational use. This paper summarizes the design features of the BTSP, as well as associated engineered material improvements. Fabrication challenges encountered during production are discussed as well as fielding requirements. Current approved tritium content forms (gas and tritium hydrides), are reviewed, as well as, a new content, tritium contaminated water on molecular sieves. Issues associated with gas generation will also be discussed.

Blanton, P.

2013-10-10

419

Sources of Inter-package Conflicts in Debian  

E-print Network

Inter-package conflicts require the presence of two or more packages in a particular configuration, and thus tend to be harder to detect and localize than conventional (intra-package) defects. Hundreds of such inter-package conflicts go undetected by the normal testing and distribution process until they are later reported by a user. The reason for this is that current meta-data is not fine-grained and accurate enough to cover all common types of conflicts. A case study of inter-package conflicts in Debian has shown that with more detailed package meta-data, at least one third of all package conflicts could be prevented relatively easily, while another one third could be found by targeted testing of packages that share common resources or characteristics. This paper reports the case study and proposes ideas to detect inter-package conflicts in the future.

Artho, Cyrille; Suzaki, Kuniyasu; Zacchiroli, Stefano

2011-01-01

420

Aqueous Corrosion Rates for Waste Package Materials  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this analysis, as directed by ''Technical Work Plan for: Regulatory Integration Modeling and Analysis of the Waste Form and Waste Package'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 171583]), is to compile applicable corrosion data from the literature (journal articles, engineering documents, materials handbooks, or standards, and national laboratory reports), evaluate the quality of these data, and use these to perform statistical analyses and distributions for aqueous corrosion rates of waste package materials. The purpose of this report is not to describe the performance of engineered barriers for the TSPA-LA. Instead, the analysis provides simple statistics on aqueous corrosion rates of steels and alloys. These rates are limited by various aqueous parameters such as temperature (up to 100 C), water type (i.e., fresh versus saline), and pH. Corrosion data of materials at pH extremes (below 4 and above 9) are not included in this analysis, as materials commonly display different corrosion behaviors under these conditions. The exception is highly corrosion-resistant materials (Inconel Alloys) for which rate data from corrosion tests at a pH of approximately 3 were included. The waste package materials investigated are those from the long and short 5-DHLW waste packages, 2-MCO/2-DHLW waste package, and the 21-PWR commercial waste package. This analysis also contains rate data for some of the materials present inside the fuel canisters for the following fuel types: U-Mo (Fermi U-10%Mo), MOX (FFTF), Thorium Carbide and Th/U Carbide (Fort Saint Vrain [FSVR]), Th/U Oxide (Shippingport LWBR), U-metal (N Reactor), Intact U-Oxide (Shippingport PWR, Commercial), aluminum-based, and U-Zr-H (TRIGA). Analysis of corrosion rates for Alloy 22, spent nuclear fuel, defense high level waste (DHLW) glass, and Titanium Grade 7 can be found in other analysis or model reports.

S. Arthur

2004-10-08

421

Engineered waste-package-system design specification  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the waste package performance requirements and geologic and waste form data bases used in developing the conceptual designs for waste packages for salt, tuff, and basalt geologies. The data base reflects the latest geotechnical information on the geologic media of interest. The parameters or characteristics specified primarily cover spent fuel, defense high-level waste, and commercial high-level waste forms. The specification documents the direction taken during the conceptual design activity. A separate design specification will be developed prior to the start of the preliminary design activity.

Not Available

1983-05-01

422

Packaging design criteria for the MCO cask  

SciTech Connect

Approximately 2,100 metric tons of unprocessed, irradiated nuclear fuel elements are presently stored in the K Basins. To permit cleanup of the K Basins and fuel conditioning, the fuel will be transported from the K Basins to a Canister Storage Building in the 200 East Area. The purpose of this packaging design criteria is to provide criteria for the design, fabrication, and use of a packaging system to transport the large quantities of irradiated nuclear fuel elements positioned within Multiple Canister Overpacks.

Clements, M.D.

1996-01-01

423

Organobentonite / Polypropylene Nanocomposite for Packaging Application  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Na-bentonite was treated with several kind of quaternary alkyl ammonium cation by ion exchange reaction to find the high efficiency one to exfoliate the longer of nanoclay. DOEM exhibited the good performance to continue the work. The organomodified bentonite was compounded with polypropylene by using Surlyn^ ionomer as a compatibilizer to produce the packaging film. In addition the organobentonite was modified by ethylene scavenger chemical and characterized by XRD and FT-IR. It was compound with polypropylene to prepare the active packaging film.The gas permeability, ethylene adsorption-desorption, thermal and mechanical properties were investigated.

Varothai, Yukhanthorn; Phandee, Atinuch; Nithitanakul, Manit; Magaraphan, Rathanawan; Manuspiya, Hathaikarn

2007-03-01

424

A calculator package for pharmacokinetic application.  

PubMed

A calculator program package is given for the computation of the parameters of two different pharmacokinetic models: the 'one compartment open model' with first order absorption, and the 'two compartment open model' with rapid intravenous injection, using the peeling method. If parameters are known, simulation of these systems can be done for single and repetitive doses. The package includes an area under curve (AUC) program for the evaluation of clearance. The algorithms were applied for TI 58,59 and HP 97 calculators and they can be widely used in clinical practice. PMID:6689525

Vrkonyi, P; Gabnyi, Z; Deutsch, T

1983-12-01

425

Packaging design criteria for the MCO cask  

SciTech Connect

Approximately 2,100 metric tons of unprocessed, irradiated nuclear fuel elements are presently stored in the K Basins. To permit cleanup of the K Basins and fuel conditioning, the fuel will be transported from the K Basins to a Canister Storage Building in the 200 East Area. The purpose of this packaging design criteria is to provide criteria for the design, fabrication, and use of a packaging system to transport the large quantities of irradiated nuclear fuel elements positioned within Multiple Canister Overpacks.

Edwards, W.S.

1997-01-30

426

Packaging technology of LEDs for LCD backlights  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We design a package patterned with red and green emitting phosphors excited by a blue LED to emit tri-basic mixing color. For high backlight display quality, we compare several phosphors. According to our measurements, green phosphors 0752G, 0753G and red phosphor 0763R are preferred for producing a good backlight source. Compared to RGB-LED backlight units, this frame typically benefits the lighting uniformity, and can simplify the structures. It also provides higher color render and better CCT than the traditional package method of a yellow phosphor with a blue chip. However, its light efficiency needs to be further improved for the use of backlights for LCDs.

Manning, Fan; Meng, Liang; Guohong, Wang

2009-07-01

427

Investigation of package sealing using organic adhesives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A systematic study was performed to evaluate the suitability of adhesives for sealing hybrid packages. Selected adhesives were screened on the basis of their ability to seal gold-plated Kovar butterfly-type packages that retain their seal integrity after individual exposures to increasingly severe temperature-humidity environments. Tests were also run using thermal shock, temperature cycling, mechanical shock and temperature aging. The four best adhesives were determined and further tested in a 60 C/98% RH environment and continuously monitored in regard to moisture content. Results are given, however, none of the tested adhesives passed all the tests.

Perkins, K. L.; Licari, J. J.

1977-01-01

428

Economic tour package model using heuristic  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A tour-package is a prearranged tour that includes products and services such as food, activities, accommodation, and transportation, which are sold at a single price. Since the competitiveness within tourism industry is very high, many of the tour agents try to provide attractive tour-packages in order to meet tourist satisfaction as much as possible. Some of the criteria that are considered by the tourist are the number of places to be visited and the cost of the tour-packages. Previous studies indicate that tourists tend to choose economical tour-packages and aiming to visit as many places as they can cover. Thus, this study proposed tour-package model using heuristic approach. The aim is to find economical tour-packages and at the same time to propose as many places as possible to be visited by tourist in a given geographical area particularly in Langkawi Island. The proposed model considers only one starting point where the tour starts and ends at an identified hotel. This study covers 31 most attractive places in Langkawi Island from various categories of tourist attractions. Besides, the allocation of period for lunch and dinner are included in the proposed itineraries where it covers 11 popular restaurants around Langkawi Island. In developing the itinerary, the proposed heuristic approach considers time window for each site (hotel/restaurant/place) so that it represents real world implementation. We present three itineraries with different time constraints (1-day, 2-day and 3-day tour-package). The aim of economic model is to minimize the tour-package cost as much as possible by considering entrance fee of each visited place. We compare the proposed model with our uneconomic model from our previous study. The uneconomic model has no limitation to the cost with the aim to maximize the number of places to be visited. Comparison between the uneconomic and economic itinerary has shown that the proposed model have successfully achieved the objective that minimize the tour cost and cover maximum number of places to be visited.

Rahman, Syariza Abdul; Benjamin, Aida Mauziah; Bakar, Engku Muhammad Nazri Engku Abu

2014-07-01

429

Energy Savings Measure Packages: Existing Homes  

SciTech Connect

This document presents the most cost effective Energy Savings Measure Packages (ESMP) for existing mixed-fuel and all electric homes to achieve 15% and 30% savings for each BetterBuildings grantee location across the US. These packages are optimized for minimum cost to homeowners for given source energy savings given the local climate and prevalent building characteristics (i.e. foundation types). Maximum cost savings are typically found between 30% and 50% energy savings over the reference home. The dollar value of the maximum annual savings varies significantly by location but typically amounts to $300 - $700/year.

Casey, S.; Booten, C.

2011-11-01

430

Safety analysis report for packaging: the ORNL DOT specification 6M - special form package  

SciTech Connect

The ORNL DOT Specification 6M - Special Form Package was fabricated at the Oak Ridge Nation al Laboratory (ORNL) for the transport of Type B solid non-fissile radioactive materials in special form. The package was evaluated on the basis of tests performed by the Dow Chemical Company, Rocky Flats Division, on the DOT-6M container and special form tests performed on a variety of stainless steel capsules at ORNL by Operations Division personnel. The results of these evaluations demonstrate that the package is in compliance with the applicable regulations for the transport of Type B quantities in special form of non-fissile radioactive materials.

Schaich, R.W.

1982-07-01

431

Multidimensional Modeling with UML Package Diagrams  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Unified Modeling Language (UML) has become the defacto standard for object-oriented analysis and design, providing differentdiagrams for modeling different aspects of a system. In this paper, wepresent the development of multidimensional (MD) models for data warehouses(DW) using UML package diagrams. In this way, when modelingcomplex and large DW systems, we are not restricted to use fiat UMLclass diagrams. We

Sergio Lujn-mora; Juan Trujillo; Il-yeol Song

2002-01-01

432

Wafer-level package interconnect options  

Microsoft Academic Search

As integrated circuit technology enters the nanometer era, global interconnects are becoming a bottleneck for overall chip performance. In this paper, we show that wafer-level package interconnects are an effective alternative to conventional on-chip global wires. These interconnects behave as LC transmission lines and can be exploited for their near speed of light transmission and low attenuation characteristics. We compare

Jayaprakash Balachandran; Steven Brebels; Geert Carchon; Maarten Kuijk; Walter De Raedt; Bart K. J. C. Nauwelaers; Eric Beyne

2006-01-01

433

Re-Affiliation Package REGULAR CLUBS  

E-print Network

Re-Affiliation Package REGULAR CLUBS =Club Name: To become affiliated, you must do the following (tick as you comply): Hold an AGM (Annual General Meeting): q Give Notice of the AGM to Club members and Arc Student Development via email to clubs@arc.unsw.edu.au, at least 7 days in advance of the meeting

Blennerhassett, Peter

434

Re-Affiliation Package CONSTITUENT CLUBS  

E-print Network

Re-Affiliation Package CONSTITUENT CLUBS Club Name: To renew your affiliation with Arc, you must do the following (tick as you comply): Hold an AGM (Annual General Meeting): q Give Notice of the AGM to Club members and Arc Student Development via email to clubs@arc.unsw.edu.au, at least 7 days in advance

Blennerhassett, Peter

435

Affiliation Package Constituent CLuBs  

E-print Network

Affiliation Package Constituent CLuBs =Club Name: To become affiliated, you must do the following (tick as you comply): Hold an AGM (Annual General Meeting): q Give Notice of the AGM to Club members and Arc Student Development via email to clubs@arc.unsw.edu.au, at least 7 days in advance of the meeting

Blennerhassett, Peter

436

Re-Affiliation Package SMALL CLUBS  

E-print Network

Re-Affiliation Package SMALL CLUBS =Club Name: To become affiliated, you must do the following (tick as you comply): Hold an AGM (Annual General Meeting): q Give Notice of the AGM to Club members and Arc Student Development via email to clubs@arc.unsw.edu.au, at least 7 days in advance of the meeting

Blennerhassett, Peter

437

Appendix F Software F.1 Software packages  

E-print Network

& Education, Inc. Word Document preparation 97 2000 Microsoft Kedit File editing 1.0 Mansfield Software GroupAppendix F Software F.1 Software packages The following table contains the list of software used in the Griffin experiment. The primary use of the software, the software manufacturer and version number

438

REBURNING APPLICATION TO FIRETUBE PACKAGE BOILERS  

EPA Science Inventory

The report gives results of pilot-scale experimental research that examined the physical and chemical phenomena associated with the NOx control technology of reburning applied to gas- and liquid-fired firetube package boilers. Reburning (staged fuel combustion) diverts some of th...

439

MT: A Mathematica package to compute convolutions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We introduce the Mathematica package MT which can be used to compute, both analytically and numerically, convolutions involving harmonic polylogarithms, polynomials or generalized functions. As applications contributions to next-to-next-to-next-to leading order Higgs boson production and the Drell-Yan process are discussed.

Hschele, Maik; Hoff, Jens; Pak, Alexey; Steinhauser, Matthias; Ueda, Takahiro

2014-02-01

440

A New Image Processing and GIS Package  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The image processing and GIS package ELAS was developed during the 1980's by NASA. It proved to be a popular, influential and powerful in the manipulation of digital imagery. Before the advent of PC's it was used by hundreds of institutions, mostly schools. It is the unquestioned, direct progenitor or two commercial GIS remote sensing packages, ERDAS and MapX and influenced others, such as PCI. Its power was demonstrated by its use for work far beyond its original purpose, having worked several different types of medical imagery, photomicrographs of rock, images of turtle flippers and numerous other esoteric imagery. Although development largely stopped in the early 1990's the package still offers as much or more power and flexibility than any other roughly comparable package, public or commercial. It is a huge body or code, representing more than a decade of work by full time, professional programmers. The current versions all have several deficiencies compared to current software standards and usage, notably its strictly command line interface. In order to support their research needs the authors are in the process of fundamentally changing ELAS, and in the process greatly increasing its power, utility, and ease of use. The new software is called ELAS II. This paper discusses the design of ELAS II.

Rickman, D.; Luvall, J. C.; Cheng, T.

1998-01-01

441

Inspection of low-density waste packages  

Microsoft Academic Search

A segmented gamma scanner has been installed at the hot laboratory of PSI. The aim of the system is the measurement of the uranium and plutonium content in nuclear waste packages containing non-irradiated nuclear fuel waste. It is important for safeguard purposes, because the fissile material in the waste must be balanced against the IAEA. The basic principle of the

J. van Aarle; H.-P. Linder; W. Westmeier

1998-01-01

442

Fun with the R Grid Package  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasing popularity of R is leading to an increase in its use in undergraduate courses at universities (R Development Core Team 2008). One of the strengths of R is the flexible graphics provided in its "base" package. However, students often run up against its limitations, or they find the amount of effort to create an interesting plot may

Zhou, Lutong; Braun, W. John

2010-01-01

443

MOLCAS: a program package for computational chemistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The program system MOLCAS is a package for calculations of electronic and structural properties of molecular systems in gas, liquid, or solid phase. It contains a number of modern quantum chemical methods for studies of the electronic structure in ground and excited electronic states. A macromolecular environment can be modeled by a combination of quantum chemistry and molecular mechanics. It

Gunnar Karlstrm; Roland Lindh; Per-ke Malmqvist; Bjrn O Roos; Ulf Ryde; Valera Veryazov; Per-Olof Widmark; Maurizio Cossi; Bernd Schimmelpfennig; Pavel Neogrady; Luis Seijo

2003-01-01

444

Package robKalman --. Kalman's revenge or  

E-print Network

­Package robKalman -- . Kalman's revenge or obustness for Kalman Filtering evisited Peter treatment only possible with delay 3 Classical Method: Kalman­Filter Filter Problem E xt - ft(y1:t) 2 Kalman­Filter assuming F(x, t) = Ftx, Z(x, t) = Ztx optimal solution among linear filters -- Kalman

Ruckdeschel, Peter

445

Occupational Information System (OIS) Handbook Training Package.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This training package, consisting of information concerning the content, use, and applications of the Occupational Information System (OIS), is designed for use in a training presentation conducted for administrators, trainers, counselors, job placement specialists, and economic development staff who will be working with the OIS. Included in the

National Occupational Information Coordinating Committee (DOL/ETA), Washington, DC.

446

Childrens visual memory of packaging  

Microsoft Academic Search

To elicit the visual memory of packaging that facilitates consumers identification and selection of products from store displays, children were asked to draw a cereal box and the results were compared with actual cereal boxes. Over 97 percent spontaneously drew a cereal box with a brand name and other brand related symbols. This may be the first time to have

James U. McNeal; Mindy F. Ji

2003-01-01

447

New numeric data packages from CDIAC  

SciTech Connect

This article describes the following numerical data packages from CDIAC: Climatological data for clouds over the globe from surface observations, the total cloud edition; carbon dioxide, hydrographic, and chemical data obtained during the R/V meteor cruise 11/5 in the south atlantic and northern Weddell Sea areas (WOCE sections A-12 and A-21).

Hahn, C.J. [Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Studies, Boulder, CO (United States); Warren, S.G. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); London, J. [Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)

1994-12-31

448

Implementation of an efficient parallel BDD package  

Microsoft Academic Search

Large BDD applications push computing resources to their limits. One solution to overcoming resource limitations is to dis- tribute the BDD data structure across multiple networked worksta- tions. This paper presents an efficient parallel BDD package for a distributed environment such as a network of workstations (NOW) or a distributed memory parallel computer. The implementation exploits a number of different

Tony Stornetta; Forrest Brewer

1996-01-01

449

Implementation of an efficient parallel BDD package  

Microsoft Academic Search

Large BDD applications push completing resources to their limits. One solution to overcoming resource limitations is to distribute the BDD data structure across multiple networked workstations. This paper presents an efficient parallel BDD package for a distributed environment such as a network of workstations (NOW) or a distributed memory parallel computer. The implementation exploits a number of different forms of

Tony Stornetta; Forrest Brewer

1996-01-01

450

Atmospheric Data Package for the Composite Analysis  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this data package is to summarize our conceptual understanding of atmospheric transport and deposition, describe how this understanding will be simplified for numerical simulation as part of the Composite Analysis (i.e., implementation model), and finally to provide the input parameters needed for the simulations.

Napier, Bruce A.; Ramsdell, James V.

2005-09-01

451

Interfacing the Gaussian package with Mathematica  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have written a Mathematica package igm.m to import data from the Gaus- sian program for ab initio computational chemistry. The utilities in igm.m can be used to import the output of many other programs, too . Each constituent table and non-tabular datum is associated with a name that the scripts construct mechani- cally from the identifier

Michael P. Barnett; Joseph F. Capitani

452

Digital Resource Package for Teaching Atomic Structure  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This digital resource package is a collection of online sources to help K-12 teachers create lessons on the Chemistry subject of atomic structures. Topics include The History of the Atom, Reference Material, Tutorials, Simulations, Questions and Activities, Periodic Tables, and resources for more advanced learners.

Laura Moin

453

Silent Unattended Installation Package Manager--SUIPM  

Microsoft Academic Search

An installation that is performed without user interaction and does not display any message or GUI during its progress is known as silent and unattended installation. In this paper we have proposed silent unattended installation package manager (SUIPM) that automates the process of silent unattended installations and un-installations and requires the minimal possible level of interaction with the user. Silent

Umar Manzoor; Samia Nefti

2008-01-01

454

Numerical simulation package for speckle metrology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A computer program package for numerical simulation of speckle phenomena has been developed. It is suitable for simulating both objective and subjective speckle effects in various optical setups. Several simulation results are presented in this paper. The simulations was made in UNIX and Windows NT environment.

Kornis, Janos; Bokor, Nandor; Nemeth, Attila

1998-09-01

455

Promising Practices: Vocational Education Resource Package.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed to assist community college administrators and faculty in enhancing vocational educational programs and services, this Vocational Education Resource Package profiles four vocational education programs at California community colleges that show promise in serving special population students. First, the Applied Mathematics for Electronics

Evaluation and Training Inst., Los Angeles, CA.

456

Thermal Management of LEDs: Package to System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Light emitting diodes, LEDs, historically have been used for indicators and produced low amounts of heat. The introduction of high brightness LEDs with white light and monochromatic colors have led to a movement towards general illumination. The increased electrical currents used to drive the LEDs have focused more attention on the thermal paths in the developments of LED power packaging.

Mehmet Arik; Charles Becker; Stanton Weaver; James Petroski

457

Advanced technology for packaged cogeneration systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

A growing number of commercial and institutional energy users have applied cogeneration systems of less than 1MWe capacity, but the market has generally been limited to those whose price differential between electricity and natural gas justified the comparatively high capital costs. More research in advanced energy conversion technology is needed before a broad penetration is possible. Packaged cogeneration systems, standardized

Kostrzewa

1985-01-01

458

Ultrasonic weak bond evaluation in IC packaging  

Microsoft Academic Search

Air gap such as disbond and crack can be successfully detected by ultrasonic testing. But imperfect interface evaluation is still a challenge. The challenge arises from the uncertainty of formation mechanism, boundary condition and acoustical response. In the paper, samples of structure silicon\\/adhesive\\/lead-frame, typical in IC packaging, are fabricated with two adhesives, degraded through thermo cycling, examined by acoustical waveform

Xiaoming Jian; N. Guo; Steve Dixon

2005-01-01

459

19 CFR 191.13 - Packaging materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Drawback of duties is provided in 313(q)(1) of the Act, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1313(q)(1)), on imported packaging material... Drawback of duties is provided in 313(q)(2) of the Act, as amended (19...

2010-04-01

460

Focussing on Generic Skills in Training Packages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study assessed whether training packages gave sufficient focus to attainment of generic skills and examined approaches that can be used to enhance the delivery of these skills so students are better prepared for the new demands of the workplace. A literature review and consultations with stakeholders provided information on development of the

Dawe, Susan

461

A Fortran Multiple-Precision Arithmetic Package  

Microsoft Academic Search

A collection of ANSI Standard Fortran subroutines for performing multiple-precision floating- point arithmetic and evaluating elementary and special functions is described. The subroutines are machine independent and the precision is arbitrary, subject to storage limitations. The design of the package is discussed, some of the algorithms are described, and test results are given. Comments

Richard P. Brent

1978-01-01

462

On finding most optimal rectangular package plans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The layout problem requires a combination of space costs and communication costs to be minimized. The special problem of planar, rectangular spaces occurs, for example, in floor plans for electronic planar packages and for buildings. Here we describe a number of algorithms, embedded in an interactive system, that solve the layout problem efficiently when it is expressed in terms of

Klim Maling; Steven H. Mueller; William R. Heller

1982-01-01

463

Acoustic Packaging of Action Sequences by Infants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated whether acoustic input, in the form of infant-directed speech, influenced infants' segmenting of action sequences. Thirty-two 7.5- to 11.5-month-old infants were familiarized with video sequences made up of short action clips. Narration coincided with portions of the action stream to package certain pairs of clips together.

Brand, Rebecca J.; Tapscott, Stephanie

2007-01-01

464

EDExpress Packaging Training, 2000-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This training manual is intended for use by higher education institutions that use the electronic student financial aid packaging process in a Windows environment. Each unit in the manual is organized into several lessons; each lesson presents the material and then provides practical application materials. The first unit is an overview of the

Department of Education, Washington, DC. Student Financial Assistance.

465

MASSACHUSETTS BAYS PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION REVIEW PACKAGE  

EPA Science Inventory

The Massachusetts Implementation Review Package contains annual work plans for fiscal years 2003 and 2004. Also included is a table of Leveraged Resources, the Tracking System report, the Environmental Indicators Report, NEP Achievements Report and a fact sheet for the Massachuse...

466

Chitosan films and blends for packaging material.  

PubMed

An increased interest for hygiene in everyday life as well as in food, feed and medical issues lead to a strong interest in films and blends to prevent the growth and accumulation of harmful bacteria. A growing trend is to use synthetic and natural antimicrobial polymers, to provide non-migratory and non-depleting protection agents for application in films, coatings and packaging. In food packaging, antimicrobial effects add up to the barrier properties of the materials, to increase the shelf life and product quality. Chitosan is a natural bioactive polysaccharide with intrinsic antimicrobial activity and, due to its exceptional physicochemical properties imparted by the polysaccharide backbone, has been recognized as a natural alternative to chemically synthesized antimicrobial polymers. This, associated with the increasing preference for biofunctional materials from renewable resources, resulted in a significant interest on the potential for application of chitosan in packaging materials. In this review we describe the latest developments of chitosan films and blends as packaging material. PMID:25458295

van den Broek, Lambertus A M; Knoop, Rutger J I; Kappen, Frans H J; Boeriu, Carmen G

2015-02-13

467

7 CFR 58.57 - Product not eligible for packaging with official identification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Product not eligible for packaging with official identification...Dairy Products Prerequisites to Packaging Products with Official Identification...57 Product not eligible for packaging with official...

2012-01-01

468

7 CFR 58.57 - Product not eligible for packaging with official identification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Product not eligible for packaging with official identification...Dairy Products Prerequisites to Packaging Products with Official Identification...57 Product not eligible for packaging with official...

2010-01-01

469

7 CFR 58.57 - Product not eligible for packaging with official identification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Product not eligible for packaging with official identification...Dairy Products Prerequisites to Packaging Products with Official Identification...57 Product not eligible for packaging with official...

2011-01-01

470

7 CFR 58.57 - Product not eligible for packaging with official identification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Product not eligible for packaging with official identification...Dairy Products Prerequisites to Packaging Products with Official Identification...57 Product not eligible for packaging with official...

2013-01-01

471

7 CFR 58.57 - Product not eligible for packaging with official identification.  

...false Product not eligible for packaging with official identification...Dairy Products Prerequisites to Packaging Products with Official Identification...57 Product not eligible for packaging with official...

2014-01-01

472

44-BWR WASTE PACKAGE LOADING CURVE EVALUATION  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this calculation is to evaluate the required minimum burnup as a function of initial boiling water reactor (BWR) assembly enrichment that would permit loading of spent nuclear fuel into the 44 BWR waste package configuration as provided in Attachment IV. This calculation is an application of the methodology presented in ''Disposal Criticality Analysis Methodology Topical Report'' (YMP 2003). The scope of this calculation covers a range of enrichments from 0 through 5.0 weight percent (wt%) U-235, and a burnup range of 0 through 40 GWd/MTU. This activity supports the validation of the use of burnup credit for commercial spent nuclear fuel applications. The intended use of these results will be in establishing BWR waste package configuration loading specifications. Limitations of this evaluation are as follows: (1) The results are based on burnup credit for actinides and selected fission products as proposed in YMP (2003, Table 3-1) and referred to as the ''Principal Isotopes''. Any change to the isotope listing will have a direct impact on the results of this report. (2) The results of 100 percent of the current BWR projected waste stream being able to be disposed of in the 44-BWR waste package with Ni-Gd Alloy absorber plates is contingent upon the referenced waste stream being sufficiently similar to the waste stream received for disposal. (3) The results are based on 1.5 wt% Gd in the Ni-Gd Alloy material and having no tuff inside the waste package. If the Gd loading is reduced or a process to introduce tuff inside the waste package is defined, then this report would need to be reevaluated based on the alternative materials.

J.M. Scaglione

2004-08-25

473

49 CFR 173.36 - Hazardous materials in Large Packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 51H) are only authorized for use with flexible inner packagings. (3) Friction. The nature and thickness of the outer packaging must be such that friction during transportation is not likely to generate an amount of heat...

2012-10-01

474

49 CFR 173.36 - Hazardous materials in Large Packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 51H) are only authorized for use with flexible inner packagings. (3) Friction. The nature and thickness of the outer packaging must be such that friction during transportation is not likely to generate an amount of heat...

2010-10-01

475

49 CFR 173.36 - Hazardous materials in Large Packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 51H) are only authorized for use with flexible inner packagings. (3) Friction. The nature and thickness of the outer packaging must be such that friction during transportation is not likely to generate an amount of heat...

2011-10-01

476

49 CFR 173.36 - Hazardous materials in Large Packagings.  

... 51H) are only authorized for use with flexible inner packagings. (3) Friction. The nature and thickness of the outer packaging must be such that friction during transportation is not likely to generate an amount of heat...

2014-10-01

477

42 CFR 110.46 - Amending a Request Package.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Package. 110.46 Section 110.46 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES VACCINES COUNTERMEASURES INJURY COMPENSATION PROGRAM Procedures for Filing Request Packages 110.46 Amending a Request...

2011-10-01

478

10 CFR 63.134 - Monitoring and testing waste packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Monitoring and testing waste packages. 63.134 Section...CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA...134 Monitoring and testing waste packages. (a) A...

2013-01-01

479

10 CFR 63.134 - Monitoring and testing waste packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Monitoring and testing waste packages. 63.134 Section...CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA...134 Monitoring and testing waste packages. (a) A...

2011-01-01

480

10 CFR 63.134 - Monitoring and testing waste packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Monitoring and testing waste packages. 63.134 Section...CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA...134 Monitoring and testing waste packages. (a) A...

2012-01-01

481

10 CFR 60.143 - Monitoring and testing waste packages.  

... false Monitoring and testing waste packages. 60.143 Section...CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN GEOLOGIC REPOSITORIES Performance...143 Monitoring and testing waste packages. (a) A...

2014-01-01

482

10 CFR 60.143 - Monitoring and testing waste packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Monitoring and testing waste packages. 60.143 Section...CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN GEOLOGIC REPOSITORIES Performance...143 Monitoring and testing waste packages. (a) A...

2013-01-01

483

10 CFR 60.143 - Monitoring and testing waste packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Monitoring and testing waste packages. 60.143 Section...CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN GEOLOGIC REPOSITORIES Performance...143 Monitoring and testing waste packages. (a) A...

2011-01-01

484

10 CFR 60.143 - Monitoring and testing waste packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Monitoring and testing waste packages. 60.143 Section...CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN GEOLOGIC REPOSITORIES Performance...143 Monitoring and testing waste packages. (a) A...

2012-01-01

485

10 CFR 63.134 - Monitoring and testing waste packages.  

... false Monitoring and testing waste packages. 63.134 Section...CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA...134 Monitoring and testing waste packages. (a) A...

2014-01-01

486

Americans Buying Fewer Sugary, Pre-Packaged Desserts  

MedlinePLUS

... page, please enable JavaScript. Americans Buying Fewer Sugary, Pre-Packaged Desserts Manufacturers of these products have made ... 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Americans are buying fewer pre-packaged baked goods, such as pies, cakes and ...

487

Many Smokers Quick to Accept Plainly Packaged Cigarettes, Study Finds  

MedlinePLUS

... Smokers Quick to Accept Plainly Packaged Cigarettes, Study Finds Research in Australia -- where such packaging is mandated -- ... published online recently in the journal Tobacco Control finds that many Australian smokers have quickly accepted and ...

488

19 CFR 10.461 - Retail packaging materials and containers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Rules of Origin 10.461 Retail packaging materials and containers. Packaging...

2011-04-01

489

19 CFR 10.461 - Retail packaging materials and containers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Rules of Origin 10.461 Retail packaging materials and containers. Packaging...

2010-04-01

490

19 CFR 10.461 - Retail packaging materials and containers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Rules of Origin 10.461 Retail packaging materials and containers. Packaging...

2012-04-01

491

19 CFR 10.461 - Retail packaging materials and containers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Rules of Origin 10.461 Retail packaging materials and containers. Packaging...

2013-04-01

492

19 CFR 10.461 - Retail packaging materials and containers.  

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Rules of Origin 10.461 Retail packaging materials and containers. Packaging...

2014-04-01

493

78 FR 41721 - New Standards to Enhance Package Visibility  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DMM[supreg]) to require the use of Intelligent Mail[supreg] package barcodes (IMpb...enhance its operational capability to scan Intelligent Mail package barcodes (IMpb) and other...via automated processing equipment and Intelligent Mail scanning devices. Full...

2013-07-11

494

78 FR 76548 - New Standards To Enhance Package Visibility  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DMM[supreg]) to require the use of Intelligent Mail[supreg] package barcodes (IMpb...enhancing its operational capability to scan Intelligent Mail package barcodes (IMpb) and other...via automated processing equipment and Intelligent Mail scanning devices. Full...

2013-12-18

495

75 FR 75157 - Importation of Wood Packaging Material From Canada  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...APHIS-2010-0019] RIN 0579-AD28 Importation of Wood Packaging Material From Canada AGENCY: Animal...regulations for the importation of unmanufactured wood articles to remove the exemption that allows wood packaging material from Canada to enter...

2010-12-02

496

9 CFR 592.340 - Supervision of marking and packaging.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Supervision of marking and packaging. 592.340...and Marking Products 592.340 Supervision of marking and packaging. ...inspection program employee or under the supervision of an inspection program...

2011-01-01

497

9 CFR 592.340 - Supervision of marking and packaging.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Supervision of marking and packaging. 592.340...and Marking Products 592.340 Supervision of marking and packaging. ...inspection program employee or under the supervision of an inspection program...

2010-01-01

498

16 CFR 303.28 - Products contained in packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...CONGRESS RULES AND REGULATIONS UNDER THE TEXTILE FIBER PRODUCTS IDENTIFICATION ACT ...Products contained in packages. When textile products are marketed and delivered...delivery to the utlimate consumer, each textile product in the package, except...

2010-01-01

499

16 CFR 303.28 - Products contained in packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...CONGRESS RULES AND REGULATIONS UNDER THE TEXTILE FIBER PRODUCTS IDENTIFICATION ACT ...Products contained in packages. When textile products are marketed and delivered...delivery to the utlimate consumer, each textile product in the package, except...

2011-01-01

500

27 CFR 19.563 - Loss of spirits from packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Loss of spirits from packages. 19.563 Section...OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS DISTILLED SPIRITS PLANTS Losses and Shortages Losses 19.563 Loss of spirits from packages. (a) Original...

2010-04-01