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1

[Primary T cell lymphoma of the pancreas: clinical case report].  

PubMed

Primary pancreatic lymphomas (PPL) are rare tumors, comprising 1% of extra-nodal lymphomas and 0.5% of all pancreatic masses. Fewer than 150 cases have been reported worldwide, which most commonly are large B cell lymphomas. T cell lymphomas comprise 4% of all PPL and present a 5-year survival rate of 0%. We report the case of a 28 year-old Peruvian woman who presented with a fatal acute cholangitis and a history of insidious weight loss and obstructive jaundice. The CT scan revaled a diffuse heterogeneus mass in the head of the pancreas along with a mildly dilated pancreatic duct and dilated intra and extra-hepatic bile ducts, no liver, splenic involvement, or retroperitoneal adenopathies were evident. An autopsy was performed and the histopathologic investigation confirmed a T cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma, CD3+ CD20-. PMID:23307095

Galarreta, Carolina I; Yepez, Eduardo; Velez, Cristian; Aita, Giorgio

2012-01-01

2

Peripancreatic lymph node enlargement in Hodgkin's disease, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and pancreatic carcinoma.  

PubMed

The distribution of enlarged lymph nodes in the upper abdomen and retroperitoneum were classified according to their relationship to the pancreas in 47 patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma; in nine patients with Hodgkin's disease; and in 40 patients with pancreatic carcinoma. Four patterns of lymph node enlargement were evident: (1) preaortic retropancreatic lymphadenopathy; (2) pancreaticosplenic lymphadenopathy; (3) isolated celiac and/or portal lymphadenopathy; and (4) diffuse extensive lymphadenopathy. Features differentiating lymphoma from primary pancreatic neoplasm are discussed. PMID:6362986

Costello, P; Duszlak, E J; Kane, R A; Lee, R G; Clouse, M E

1984-01-01

3

Occurrence of anaplastic large cell lymphoma following IgG4-related autoimmune pancreatitis and cholecystitis and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma  

PubMed Central

IgG4-related sclerosing disease is an established disease entity with characteristic clinicopathological features. Recently, the association between IgG4-related sclerosing disease and the risk of malignancies has been suggested. IgG4-related autoimmune pancreatitis with pancreatic cancer has been reported. Further, a few cases of extraocular malignant lymphoma in patients with IgG4-related sclerosing disease have also been documented. Herein, we describe the first documented case of anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) following IgG4-related autoimmune pancreatitis and cholecystitis and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). A 61-year-old Japanese male, with a past history of DLBCL, was detected with swelling of the pancreas and tumorous lesions in the gallbladder. Histopathological study of the resected gallbladder specimen revealed diffuse lymphoplasmacytic infiltration with fibrosclerosis in the entire gallbladder wall. Eosinophilic infiltration and obliterative phlebitis were also noted. Immunohistochemically, many IgG4-positive plasma cells had infiltrated into the lesion, and the ratio of IgG4/IgG-positive plasma cells was 71.6%. Accordingly, a diagnosis of IgG4-related cholecystitis was made. Seven months later, he presented with a painful tumor in his left parotid gland. Histopathological study demonstrated diffuse or cohesive sheet-like proliferation of large-sized lymphoid cells with rich slightly eosinophilic cytoplasm and irregular-shaped large nuclei. These lymphoid cells were positive for CD30, CD4, and cytotoxic markers, but negative for CD3 and ALK. Therefore, a diagnosis of ALK-negative ALCL was made. It has been suggested that the incidence of malignant lymphoma may be high in patients with IgG4-related sclerosing disease, therefore, intense medical follow-up is important in patients with this disorder.

Ishida, Mitsuaki; Hodohara, Keiko; Yoshida, Keiko; Kagotani, Akiko; Iwai, Muneo; Yoshii, Miyuki; Okuno, Hiroko; Horinouchi, Akiko; Nakanishi, Ryota; Harada, Ayumi; Yoshida, Takashi; Okabe, Hidetoshi

2013-01-01

4

Lymphoma  

MedlinePLUS

Lymphoma is a cancer of a part of the immune system called the lymph system. There are many types of lymphoma. One type is Hodgkin disease. The rest are called non-Hodgkin lymphomas. Non-Hodgkin lymphomas begin when a type of ...

5

Lymphoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the year 2002 there was an estimated 60,900 new cases of lymphoma in the United States, with 53,900 cases of non-Hodgkin’s\\u000a lymphoma (NHL) and 7000 cases of Hodgkin’s lymphoma (1). Estimated deaths in 2002 for NHL and Hodgkin’s lymphoma were 24,400 and 1400, respectively. The male to female ratio for\\u000a both NHL and Hodgkin’s lymphoma is presently 1.1:1. Although

Ronald M. Sobecks

6

The transcription factor B-cell lymphoma (BCL)-6 modulates pancreatic {beta}-cell inflammatory responses.  

PubMed

Type 1 diabetes is a chronic autoimmune disease with a strong inflammatory component. We have previously shown that expression of the transcriptional repressor B-cell lymphoma (BCL)-6 is very low in pancreatic ?-cells, which may favor prolonged proinflammatory responses after exposure to the cytokines IL-1? and interferon ?. Here we investigated whether cytokine-induced inflammation and apoptosis can be prevented in ?-cells by BCL-6 expression using plasmid, prolactin, and adenoviral approaches. The induction of mild or abundant BCL-6 expression in ?-cells by prolactin or an adenoviral BCL-6 expression construct, respectively, reduced cytokine-induced inflammatory responses in a dose-dependent manner through inhibition of nuclear factor-?B activation. BCL-6 decreased Fas and inducible nitric oxide synthase expression and nitric oxide production, but it inhibited the expression of the antiapoptotic proteins Bcl-2 and JunB while increasing the expression of the proapoptotic death protein 5. The net result of these opposite effects was an augmentation of ?-cell apoptosis. In conclusion, BCL-6 expression tones down the unrestrained cytokine-induced proinflammatory response of ?-cells but it also favors gene networks leading to apoptosis. This suggests that cytokine-induced proinflammatory and proapoptotic signals can be dissociated in ?-cells. Further understanding of these pathways may open new possibilities to improve ?-cell survival in early type 1 diabetes or after transplantation. PMID:21190961

Igoillo-Esteve, Mariana; Gurzov, Esteban N; Eizirik, Décio L; Cnop, Miriam

2011-02-01

7

Pancreatitis  

MedlinePLUS

... the hormones insulin and glucagon into the bloodstream. Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas. It happens when digestive enzymes start digesting the pancreas itself. Pancreatitis can be acute or chronic. Either form is ...

8

L-asparaginase-induced severe acute pancreatitis in an adult with extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type: A case report and review of the literature  

PubMed Central

L-asparaginase (L-Asp)-associated pancreatitis (AAP) occurs occasionally; however, this side-effect has predominantly been observed among pediatric patients. Usually, it is not life-threatening and generally responds to intensive medical therapy. The present study presents a rare case of lethal AAP in an adult. The patient was recently diagnosed with extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL), nasal type, and the chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and was receiving L-Asp as part of a chemotherapy regimen. Severe acute pancreatitis occurred and the patient succumbed 72 h after completion of chemotherapy. The HBV infection and lipid disorders may have been potential risk factors for the development of severe acute pancreatitis in the patient.

WU, FANG; QU, LU; TAN, YAFEN; ZHANG, YUE; HU, CHUNHONG

2014-01-01

9

75 FR 13322 - PPL Susquehanna, LLC.: Susquehanna Steam Electric Station, Units 1 and 2 Environmental Assessment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...PPL Susquehanna, LLC.: Susquehanna Steam Electric Station, Units 1 and 2 Environmental...licensee), for operation of the Susquehanna Steam Electric Station (SSES), Units 1 and...Plants, Supplement 35 Regarding Susquehanna Steam Electric Station, Units 1 and 2...

2010-03-19

10

77 FR 2973 - PPL Electric Utilities Corporation; Notice of Petition for Declaratory Order  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Electric is entitled to an integrated and tailored incentive rate package that includes: (1) A 100 basis point incentive adder to PPL Electric's base return on equity; and (2) authorization for 100 percent prudently incurred construction work...

2012-01-20

11

Identification of various lipolytic enzymes in crude porcine pancreatic lipase preparations using covalent fluorescent inhibitors.  

PubMed

We developed a specific method for determination and discrimination of lipo-/estero-lytic enzymes in crude lipase preparations. Here we study the composition of commercial porcine pancreatic lipase (PPL), since it is widely used for bioconversions of synthetic and natural substrates. Our method is based on incubation of enzyme samples with fluorescently labeled alkyl- or dialkylglyceryl-phosphonates in an appropriate solvent followed by protein separation by electrophoresis and fluorescence detection with a CCD camera. After incubation with short-chain alkylphosphonate solubilized by taurodeoxycholate, crude PPL preparations showed a very weak band at 50 kDa, which is indicative of low PPL concentrations in these samples. In addition, seven other fluorescent bands were detected. The band at the lowest molecular weight corresponded to alpha-chymotrypsin. Two intensive fluorescent bands were in the molecular weight range of chymotrypsinogen (26 kDa) and four weak bands were in the range 20-24 kDa. Long-chain dialkylglycerophosphonate labeled two protein bands in crude PPL: alpha-chymotrypsin and a very intensive band corresponding to the molecular weight of chymotrypsinogen. Detection of cholesterol esterase (98 kDa) in crude PPL preparations depended on addition of the protease inhibitor phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride (PMSF) to the incubation mix, as demonstrated by spiking with cholesterol esterase. Thus, commercial crude PPL preparations contain a variety of estero-/lipo-lytic enzymes in addition to rather low amounts of active PPL, which should be considered when using crude PPL for bioconversions. Our method can also be used to show whether an isolated esterolytic activity corresponds to a single protein or isoenzymes. Here we confirm by 2D-electrophoretic separation of "pure" PPL that PPL exists as isoenzymes in different glycosylated forms. PMID:14704997

Birner-Grünberger, Ruth; Scholze, Hubert; Faber, Kurt; Hermetter, Albin

2004-01-20

12

The Discovery of the First Lithium Brown Dwarf: PPl 15  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The search for brown dwarfs (BDs) covered decades between the time they were first proposed theoretically and the time that a public announcement of the discovery of a BD was made which did not have to be recanted later (as was the case for a number of previous announcements). In a convergence of scientific progress, 1995 saw 3 real discoveries of BDs, as well as the first exoplanets. The substellar realm had suddenly opened up. This chapter describes the process that led to the first of these announcements: the identification of PPl 15 as a BD. It lay just below the substellar limit in the Pleiades cluster. To distinguish it from very similar-looking stars, the first successful application of the "lithium test" was applied by my group at UC Berkeley using the new Keck 10 m telescope and HIRES spectrograph. As part of the analysis, the new technique of "lithium dating" was developed. I place this discovery in the context of the broader search for BDs, and of the subsequent discoveries and progress in the field.

Basri, Gibor

13

Pancreatic lipase selectively hydrolyses DPA over EPA and DHA due to location of double bonds in the fatty acid rather than regioselectivity.  

PubMed

The enzymatic hydrolysis of canola, anchovy and seal oils with different types and amounts of polyunsaturated fatty acids was measured using porcine pancreatic lipase (PPL) to establish the fatty acid selectivity of PPL. Substrates were subjected to the same conditions of hydrolysis, with percent hydrolysis monitored using Iatroscan and fatty acid selectivity monitored using gas chromatography (GC). Regardless of their distribution on the glycerol backbone, as monitored by (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), ?-linolenic acid (ALA) and docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) were rapidly cleaved by PPL while eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and stearidonic acid (STA) were hydrolysed more slowly. Results show that PPL preferentially hydrolyses ALA and DPA over EPA, DHA and STA, and this selectivity is due to fatty acid rather than regioselectivity. The primary structural factor associated with resistance to PPL appears to be the distance of the first double bond from the ester linkage being hydrolysed. PMID:24799209

Akanbi, Taiwo O; Sinclair, Andrew J; Barrow, Colin J

2014-10-01

14

Mercury Emission Control Technologies for PPL Montana-Colstrip Testing  

SciTech Connect

The Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) was asked by PPL Montana LLC (PPL) to provide assistance and develop an approach to identify cost-effective options for mercury control at its coal-fired power plants. The work conducted focused on baseline mercury level and speciation measurement, short-term parametric testing, and week long testing of mercury control technology at Colstrip Unit 3. Three techniques and various combinations of these techniques were identified as viable options for mercury control. The options included oxidizing agents or sorbent enhancement additives (SEAs) such as chlorine-based SEA1 and an EERC proprietary SEA2 with and without activated carbon injection. Baseline mercury emissions from Colstrip Unit 3 are comparatively low relative to other Powder River Basin (PRB) coal-fired systems and were found to range from 5 to 6.5 g/Nm3 (2.9 to 3.8 lb/TBtu), with a rough value of approximately 80% being elemental upstream of the scrubber and higher than 95% being elemental at the outlet. Levels in the stack were also greater than 95% elemental. Baseline mercury removal across the scrubber is fairly variable but generally tends to be about 5% to 10%. Parametric results of carbon injection alone yielded minimal reduction in Hg emissions. SEA1 injection resulted in 20% additional reduction over baseline with the maximum rate of 400 ppm (3 gal/min). Week long testing was conducted with the combination of SEA2 and carbon, with injection rates of 75 ppm (10.3 lb/hr) and 1.5 lb/MMacf (40 lb/hr), respectively. Reduction was found to be an additional 30% and, overall during the testing period, was measured to be 38% across the scrubber. The novel additive injection method, known as novel SEA2, is several orders of magnitude safer and less expensive than current SEA2 injection methods. However, used in conjunction with this plant configuration, the technology did not demonstrate a significant level of mercury reduction. Near-future use of this technique at Colstrip is not seen. All the additives injected resulted in some reduction in mercury emissions. However, the target reduction of 55% was not achieved. The primary reason for the lower removal rates is because of the lower levels of mercury in the flue gas stream and the lower capture level of fine particles by the scrubbers (relative to that for larger particles). The reaction and interaction of the SEA materials is with the finer fraction of the fly ash, because the SEA materials are vaporized during the combustion or reaction process and condense on the surfaces of entrained particles or form very small particles. Mercury will have a tendency to react and interact with the finer fraction of entrained ash and sorbent as a result of the higher surface areas of the finer particles. The ability to capture the finer fraction of fly ash is the key to controlling mercury. Cost estimates for mercury removal based on the performance of each sorbent during this project are projected to be extremely high. When viewed on a dollar-per-pound-of-mercury removed basis activated carbon was projected to cost nearly $1.2 million per pound of mercury removed. This value is roughly six times the cost of other sorbent-enhancing agents, which were projected to be closer to $200,000 per pound of mercury removed.

John P. Kay; Michael L. Jones; Steven A. Benson

2007-04-01

15

75 FR 15462 - PPL Susquehanna, LLC; Susquehanna Steam Electric Station, Units 1 and 2; Exemption  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...50-388; NRC-2010-0109] PPL Susquehanna, LLC; Susquehanna Steam Electric Station, Units 1 and 2; Exemption 1.0 Background...and NPF-22, which authorize operation of the Susquehanna Steam Electric Station (SSES), Units 1 and 2. The licenses...

2010-03-29

16

77 FR 75674 - Susquehanna Steam Electric Station, Units 1 and 2, PPL Susquehanna, LLC, Exemption  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...50-388; NRC-2012-0306] Susquehanna Steam Electric Station, Units 1 and 2, PPL...authorizes operation of the Susquehanna Steam Electric Station (SSES), Units 1 and...February 26, 2013 for the Susquehanna Steam Electric Station, Units 1 and 2....

2012-12-21

17

Bioaerosols standoff detection simultaneously refereed with particle concentration (ppl) and viability units (ACPLA)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Defence R&D Canada (DRDC) has developed, by the end of the 90s, a standoff bioaerosol sensor prototype based on intensified range-gated spectrometric detection of Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) called SINBAHD. This LIDAR system was used to characterize spectrally the LIF of bioaerosol agent simulants and obscurants during 57 cross-wind open-air releases at Suffield, CAN in July 2007. An autoclave and gamma-irradiation killing procedures were performed on Bacillus subtilis var globigii (BG) samples before they were aerosolized, disseminated and spectrally characterized. Slight discrepancies were observed in the spectral characteristics of killed versus live samples but none between the two killing methodologies. Significant signature variabilities were observed from the different batches of Erwinia Herbicolas (EH). The generated cloud was simultaneously characterized in Agent Containing Particle per Liter of Air (ACPLA) by slit sampler units and in particle per litter of air (ppl) by an Aerodynamic Particle Sizer (APS). Correlation assessment between the stand-off sensor SINBAHD and the two referee point sensors was done, allowing an estimation of SINBAHD's sensitivity in ACPLA and in ppl. For a 20-m thick cloud at a range of 990 m, a detection limit of a few tens of ACPLA and a few ACPLA were obtained for BG and EH respectively. The extracted correlation between ACPLA and ppl data for releases performed with an agricultural sprayer showed a high degree of variability: 2 to 29% and 1 to 6% of ACPLA/ppl ratio for BG and EH, respectively.

Buteau, Sylvie; Simard, Jean-Robert; Rowsell, Susan

2009-09-01

18

77 FR 20805 - Application to Export Electric Energy; PPL EnergyPlus, LLC  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...electric energy from the United States to Canada as a power marketer for a two-year term. DOE subsequently renewed that authority...The application also indicates that PPL EnergyPlus is a power marketer authorized by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to...

2012-04-06

19

[Rare solid pancreatic tumors].  

PubMed

The most common tumor of the pancreas is cancer, which constitutes 85% of all pancreatic neoplasms. Cystic pancreatic tumors comprise 10% of malignancies. No more than 5% of pancreatic tumors are rare solid tumors as: neuroendocrine tumors, gastrointestinal stromal tumors, solid pseudopapillary tumors, pecomas, lymphomas, granulocytic sarcomas, schwannomas, lipomas, liposarcomas and metastases to pancreas. Nowadays, these tumors are diagnosed more commonly due to the developement and accessibility of the diagnostic imaging techniques. Moreover, the treatment and management of rare solid pancreatic tumors often differs from the management in pancreatic cancer what makes the differential diagnosis difficult and responsible challenge. The main purpose of this article is to present an actual data of epidemiology, clinical presentation, management and treatment of rare solid pancreatic tumors according to recent literature and self experience. PMID:24052992

Dabkowski, Krzysztof; Kojder, Klaudyna; Smereczy?ski, Andrzej; Lubikowski, Jerzy; Patalan, Marek; Starzy?ska, Teresa

2013-08-01

20

Hodgkin lymphoma  

MedlinePLUS

Lymphoma - Hodgkin; Hodgkin disease; Cancer - Hodgkin lymphoma ... The cause of Hodgkin lymphoma is not known. Hodgkin lymphoma is most common among people ages 15 to 35 and 50 to 70. Past infection ...

21

PPL2 Translesion Polymerase Is Essential for the Completion of Chromosomal DNA Replication in the African Trypanosome  

PubMed Central

Summary Faithful copying of the genome is essential for life. In eukaryotes, a single archaeo-eukaryotic primase (AEP), DNA primase, is required for the initiation and progression of DNA replication. Here we have identified additional eukaryotic AEP-like proteins with DNA-dependent primase and/or polymerase activity. Uniquely, the genomes of trypanosomatids, a group of kinetoplastid protozoa of significant medical importance, encode two PrimPol-like (PPL) proteins. In the African trypanosome, PPL2 is a nuclear enzyme present in G2 phase cells. Following PPL2 knockdown, a cell-cycle arrest occurs after the bulk of DNA synthesis, the DNA damage response is activated, and cells fail to recover. Consistent with this phenotype, PPL2 replicates damaged DNA templates in vitro, including templates containing the UV-induced pyrimidine-pyrimidone (6-4) photoproduct. Furthermore, PPL2 accumulates at sites of nuclear DNA damage. Taken together, our results indicate an essential role for PPL2 in postreplication tolerance of endogenous DNA damage, thus allowing completion of genome duplication.

Rudd, Sean G.; Glover, Lucy; Jozwiakowski, Stanislaw K.; Horn, David; Doherty, Aidan J.

2013-01-01

22

A pilot study evaluating changes in pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity concentrations in canines treated with L-asparaginase (ASNase), vincristine, or both for lymphoma  

PubMed Central

L-asparaginase (ASNase) is a common chemotherapy agent for the treatment of lymphoid malignancies. L-asparaginase has been reported to cause clinical pancreatitis in both humans and canines. Canine pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity (cPLI) is now a common diagnostic tool for evaluating pancreatitis in dogs. A total of 52 dogs were enrolled into this study. Canine pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity (cPLI) concentrations were evaluated before and after administration of ASNase, vincristine, or both. All dogs enrolled in the study were evaluated for signs compatible with clinical pancreatitis. No dogs receiving ASNase alone showed evidence of clinical pancreatitis after administration. Also, there was no statistically significant change in cPLI concentrations before or after treatment. Fourteen percent of dogs that received both vincristine and ASNase concurrently had elevated concentrations of cPLI after treatment. Of the 11 dogs with clinical signs compatible with pancreatitis after any chemotherapy treatment, no dog had a cPLI concentration > 400 ?g/dL. In conclusion, ASNase did not cause clinical pancreatitis in this cohort of dogs but larger sample sizes are required to further validate this data.

Wright, Zachary; Steiner, Joerg; Suchodolski, Jan; Rogers, Kenita; Barton, Claudia; Brown, Marjorie

2009-01-01

23

Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Recurrent, Refractory, or Metastatic Solid Tumors or Lymphomas  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Colorectal Cancer; Esophageal Cancer; Extrahepatic Bile Duct Cancer; Gallbladder Cancer; Liver Cancer; Lung Cancer; Lymphoma; Pancreatic Cancer; Small Intestine Cancer; Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific

2012-03-21

24

Software strategies and hardware upgrades to the PPL data acquisition system (DAS)  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes upgrades to the Data Acquisition System for the Experimental Projects Department at PPL, especially in support of the PBX-M upgrade to be completed this year. Hardware and software maintenance problems with the old configuration, consisting of a DEC KL-10 and eight PDP-11's, are described. The real-time software and hardware performance requirements and projections for CAMAC I/O and data analysis and display are presented. Described are three applications that have realtime requirements and are located on separate processors, connected to PPPL's VAX Cluster by an Ethernet link. Building upon a previous large software base, general-purpose subroutine libraries and utilities are being emphasized. The most useful of these are described. The use of software packages from DEC, third-party vendors, and the fusion community, is also described. The new approaches to software development that are being incorporated into the DAS efforts are discussed. Specific future challenges are also described.

Davis, W.M.; Roney, P.; Gibney, T.; Funk, P.; Keller, M.; Sauthoff, N.; Davis, S.; Bates, G.; Corneliussen, M.; Fishman, H.

1987-08-01

25

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma  

MedlinePLUS

Lymphoma - non-Hodgkin; Lymphocytic lymphoma; Histiocytic lymphoma; Lymphoblastic lymphoma; Cancer - non-Hodgkin lymphoma ... National Cancer Institute: PDQ Adult Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma ... Available at http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/ ...

26

Hodgkin Lymphoma  

MedlinePLUS

The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society (LLS) is the world's largest voluntary health agency dedicated to blood cancer. The LLS mission: Cure leukemia, lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease and myeloma, and improve the quality ...

27

Hereditary Pancreatitis  

MedlinePLUS

... Information Animated Pancreas Patient About the Pancreas Pancreatic Cancer Chronic Pancreatitis Acute Pancreatitis Children/Pediatric Other Pancreas Ailments Patient/Family Information Clinical Trials Financial Assistance Research Research ...

28

The use of linear dichroism in forensic fibre examinations--part 6. Validation and practical aspects of MSP-PPL.  

PubMed

This paper summarizes the results of previous work on the microscopic observation of linear dichroism found in dyed fibres (polyesters, polyamides, wool, silk, cotton, viscose, acrylics and acetates) and in pigmented fibres as well as the measurements on these fibre classes using microspectrophotometry with plane polarized light (MSP-PPL). The validation of this method is discussed and a practical tool is proposed for comparing fibre traces with control fibres. The limitations and strengths of this method are also revised. PMID:23068776

De Wael, K; Lepot, L; Lunstroot, K

2012-12-01

29

Pancreatic tuberculosis or autoimmune pancreatitis.  

PubMed

Introduction. Isolated pancreatic and peripancreatic tuberculosis is a challenging diagnosis due to its rarity and variable presentation. Pancreatic tuberculosis can mimic pancreatic carcinoma. Similarly, autoimmune pancreatitis can appear as a focal lesion resembling pancreatic malignancy. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration provides an effective tool for differentiating between benign and malignant pancreatic lesions. The immune processes involved in immunoglobulin G4 related systemic diseases and tuberculosis appear to have some similarities. Case Report. We report a case of a 59-year-old Southeast Asian male who presented with fever, weight loss, and obstructive jaundice. CT scan revealed pancreatic mass and enlarged peripancreatic lymph nodes. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration confirmed the presence of mycobacterium tuberculosis. Patient also had high immunoglobulin G4 levels suggestive of autoimmune pancreatitis. He was started on antituberculosis medications and steroids. Clinically, he responded to treatment. Follow-up imaging showed findings suggestive of chronic pancreatitis. Discussion. Pancreatic tuberculosis and autoimmune pancreatitis can mimic pancreatic malignancy. Accurate diagnosis is imperative as unnecessary surgical intervention can be avoided. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration seems to be the diagnostic test of choice for pancreatic masses. Long-term follow-up is warranted in cases of chronic pancreatitis. PMID:24839445

Salahuddin, Ayesha; Saif, Muhammad Wasif

2014-01-01

30

Pancreatic Tuberculosis or Autoimmune Pancreatitis  

PubMed Central

Introduction. Isolated pancreatic and peripancreatic tuberculosis is a challenging diagnosis due to its rarity and variable presentation. Pancreatic tuberculosis can mimic pancreatic carcinoma. Similarly, autoimmune pancreatitis can appear as a focal lesion resembling pancreatic malignancy. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration provides an effective tool for differentiating between benign and malignant pancreatic lesions. The immune processes involved in immunoglobulin G4 related systemic diseases and tuberculosis appear to have some similarities. Case Report. We report a case of a 59-year-old Southeast Asian male who presented with fever, weight loss, and obstructive jaundice. CT scan revealed pancreatic mass and enlarged peripancreatic lymph nodes. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration confirmed the presence of mycobacterium tuberculosis. Patient also had high immunoglobulin G4 levels suggestive of autoimmune pancreatitis. He was started on antituberculosis medications and steroids. Clinically, he responded to treatment. Follow-up imaging showed findings suggestive of chronic pancreatitis. Discussion. Pancreatic tuberculosis and autoimmune pancreatitis can mimic pancreatic malignancy. Accurate diagnosis is imperative as unnecessary surgical intervention can be avoided. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration seems to be the diagnostic test of choice for pancreatic masses. Long-term follow-up is warranted in cases of chronic pancreatitis.

Saif, Muhammad Wasif

2014-01-01

31

Postburn pancreatitis.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: The authors examined the prevalence and complications of pancreatitis in severely burned patients. Factors predictive for the development of pancreatitis after burns are considered. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Pancreatitis has been documented at necropsy after burns; however, it is not clinically recognized as a common complication of burn injury. Recent improvements in survival rates could yield previously unrecognized complications, such as pancreatitis, particularly in those patients who previously would have not survived. The hypothesis is that pancreatitis is a frequent complication after major burn injury and causes significant morbidity for patients with large burns. METHODS: This retrospective review of adult patients with large burns examines postburn pancreatitis using stepwise logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Forty-nine of 121 (40%) patients developed hyperamylasemia or hyperlipasemia well after the admission period (23 +/- 3 days), and all enzyme abnormalities were temporally associated with emerging infections. Most of these patients (40/49, 82%) had symptoms of pancreatitis. Three patients (6%) had pancreatic pseudocysts or abscesses. Inhalation injury (p = 0.0001), associated trauma (p = 0.0311), and escharotomy (p = 0.0415) were risk factors for pancreatitis. Using Fischer's exact test, patients with pancreatitis had increased mortality and length of stay. Patients with high enzyme elevations and > or = 50% body surface area burned were at severe risk of pancreatic pseudocyst or abscess development (43%; 90% confidence interval of 23-77%). CONCLUSIONS: Pancreatitis is a frequent complication after large burn injuries. Patients at high risk for pancreatitis complications should receive surveillance examinations during their acute hospitalization.

Ryan, C M; Sheridan, R L; Schoenfeld, D A; Warshaw, A L; Tompkins, R G

1995-01-01

32

Enzymatic Synthesis of (S)-(-)-gamma-Methyl-gamma-butyrolactone from Racemic Methyl gamma-hydroxypentanoate Using Porcine Pancreatic Lipase: A Microscale Advanced Bioorganic Chemistry Laboratory Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of enzymes in academic as well as industrial chemical laboratories is now common, and in some cases live organisms are utilized. In this laboratory project, porcine pancreatic lipase (PPL) is used to convert a racemic sample of methyl gamma-hydroxypentanoate into gamma-methyl-gamma-butyrolactone in an effort to demonstrate the ability of enzymes to differentiate between enantiomeric substrates. This project also

Moses Lee

1998-01-01

33

Primary lymphoma of the brain  

MedlinePLUS

Brain lymphoma; Cerebral lymphoma; Primary lymphoma of the central nervous system; Lymphoma - brain ... The cause of primary brain lymphoma is not known. Patients who have a weakened immune system are at high risk of primary lymphoma of the ...

34

[Malignant lymphomas].  

PubMed

Treatment outcome of malignant lymphomas has been improved since molecular targeted drugs including rituximab became clinically available. However, treatment for relapsed or refractory lymphoma has not been fully established. As second-line therapy for patients with relapsed/refractory follicular lymphoma or diffuse large B cell lymphoma, chemotherapy including alkylating agents or purine analogues, high-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (SCT), and allogeneic SCT are usually selected. Recently, we can also select new therapies including new anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody (MoAb)(IMMU-106(hA20)), anti-CD22 MoAb (epratuzumab), and radioimmunotherapy including Y-90 ibritumomab and I-131 tositumomab. PMID:19461173

Yamaguchi, Yuko; Usui, Noriko

2009-05-01

35

Pancreatic Cancer  

PubMed Central

The past two decades have witnessed an explosion in our understanding of pancreatic cancer, and it is now clear that pancreatic cancer is a disease of inherited (germ-line) and somatic gene mutations. The genes mutated in pancreatic cancer include KRAS2, p16/CDKN2A, TP53, and SMAD4/DPC4, and these are accompanied by a substantial compendium of genomic and transcriptomic alterations that facilitate cell cycle deregulation, cell survival, invasion, and metastases. Pancreatic cancers do not arise de novo, and three distinct precursor lesions have been identified. Experimental models of pancreatic cancer have been developed in genetically engineered mice, which recapitulate the multistep progression of the cognate human disease. Although the putative cell of origin for pancreatic cancer remains elusive, minor populations of cells with stem-like properties have been identified that appear responsible for tumor initiation, metastases, and resistance of pancreatic cancer to conventional therapies.

Maitra, Anirban; Hruban, Ralph H.

2009-01-01

36

Acute Pancreatitis and Pregnancy  

MedlinePLUS

Acute Pancreatitis and Pregnancy Timothy Gardner, MD Acute pancreatitis is defined as the sudden inflammation of the pancreas manifested ... of acute pancreatitis in pregnancy. Reasons for Acute Pancreatitis and Pregnancy While acute pancreatitis is responsible for ...

37

Canine lymphoma  

SciTech Connect

Canine lymphoma has served as the ''workhorse'' for the development of veterinary oncology and as an important animal model for human non-Hodgkins lymphomas. Significant advances have been achieved in understanding the biological behavior of the disease and in its treatment. Although it is unlikely that a cure for lymphoma will be achieved, owners should be encouraged to treat their pets, provided they understand that only prolonged remissions and survivals are likely to result. Cooperative studies, employing large numbers of dogs, are needed to optimize and refine the classification scheme to provide a system with diagnostic and prognostic correlates and derive maximum benefit from therapeutic regimens. Such studies need to be prospective in nature, with a solid statistical base incorporated into their design. Rather than being content with what we have accomplished to date in treatment of canine lymphoma, the opportunity exists for the veterinary profession to make further significant contributions to the understanding and treatment of lymphoma in the dog. 10 refs., 4 tabs.

Weller, R.E.

1986-10-01

38

New biofuel integrating glycerol into its composition through the use of covalent immobilized pig pancreatic lipase.  

PubMed

By using 1,3-specific Pig Pancreatic lipase (EC 3.1.1.3 or PPL), covalently immobilized on AlPO(4)/Sepiolite support as biocatalyst, a new second-generation biodiesel was obtained in the transesterification reaction of sunflower oil with ethanol and other alcohols of low molecular weight. The resulting biofuel is composed of fatty acid ethyl esters and monoglycerides (FAEE/MG) blended in a molar relation 2/1. This novel product, which integrates glycerol as monoacylglycerols (MG) into the biofuel composition, has similar physicochemical properties compared to those of conventional biodiesel and also avoids the removal step of this by-product. The biocatalyst was found to be strongly fixed to the inorganic support (75%). Nevertheless, the efficiency of the immobilized enzyme was reduced to half (49.1%) compared to that of the free PPL. The immobilized enzyme showed a remarkable stability as well as a great reusability (more than 40 successive reuses) without a significant loss of its initial catalytic activity. Immobilized and free enzymes exhibited different reaction mechanisms, according to the different results in the Arrhenius parameters (Ln A and Ea). However, the use of supported PPL was found to be very suitable for the repetitive production of biofuel due to its facile recyclability from the reaction mixture. PMID:22949849

Luna, Diego; Posadillo, Alejandro; Caballero, Verónica; Verdugo, Cristóbal; Bautista, Felipa M; Romero, Antonio A; Sancho, Enrique D; Luna, Carlos; Calero, Juan

2012-01-01

39

New Biofuel Integrating Glycerol into Its Composition Through the Use of Covalent Immobilized Pig Pancreatic Lipase  

PubMed Central

By using 1,3-specific Pig Pancreatic lipase (EC 3.1.1.3 or PPL), covalently immobilized on AlPO4/Sepiolite support as biocatalyst, a new second-generation biodiesel was obtained in the transesterification reaction of sunflower oil with ethanol and other alcohols of low molecular weight. The resulting biofuel is composed of fatty acid ethyl esters and monoglycerides (FAEE/MG) blended in a molar relation 2/1. This novel product, which integrates glycerol as monoacylglycerols (MG) into the biofuel composition, has similar physicochemical properties compared to those of conventional biodiesel and also avoids the removal step of this by-product. The biocatalyst was found to be strongly fixed to the inorganic support (75%). Nevertheless, the efficiency of the immobilized enzyme was reduced to half (49.1%) compared to that of the free PPL. The immobilized enzyme showed a remarkable stability as well as a great reusability (more than 40 successive reuses) without a significant loss of its initial catalytic activity. Immobilized and free enzymes exhibited different reaction mechanisms, according to the different results in the Arrhenius parameters (Ln A and Ea). However, the use of supported PPL was found to be very suitable for the repetitive production of biofuel due to its facile recyclability from the reaction mixture.

Luna, Diego; Posadillo, Alejandro; Caballero, Veronica; Verdugo, Cristobal; Bautista, Felipa M.; Romero, Antonio A.; Sancho, Enrique D.; Luna, Carlos; Calero, Juan

2012-01-01

40

The Lymphoma Information Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Lymphoma Information Network website strives to "put a bit of humanity and understanding to this disease, to gather lymphoma information and resources in one place, and to present information in an easy to understand and logical format." The award-winning site offers information sections on Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Fighting Lymphoma, and Surviving Lymphoma. The site also offers a special resource section for kids and teenagers, and information about childhood lymphoma. In addition, the site contains an extensive Glossary of Lymphoma Terms, The Lymphoma Blog, resources for independent research, book lists, and related links.

2007-04-09

41

Pancreatic fistula  

Microsoft Academic Search

Opinion statement  External and internal pancreatic fistulas have a different etiology and natural history. Approximately 50% of internal and\\u000a 70% to 90% of external pancreatic fistulas can be expected to heal with nonoperative management. Nonclosure is predicted by\\u000a anatomic factors, which may be defined at endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography or by CT if disconnected pancreatic\\u000a segments are seen. Enteral nutrition beyond the

Miranda Voss; Theodore Pappas

2002-01-01

42

Cutaneous T Cell Lymphoma  

MedlinePLUS

... cutaneous CD4+ small/medium pleomorphic T-cell lymphoma Aggressive clinical behavior l Sézary syndrome l Primary cutaneous ... lymphoma l Primary cutaneous follicle center lymphoma Intermediate-aggressive clinical behavior l Primary cutaneous diffuse large B- ...

43

Pancreatic enzyme therapy for pancreatic exocrine insufficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pancreatic exocrine insufficiency with steatorrhea is a major consequence of pancreatic diseases (eg, chronic pancreatitis,\\u000a cystic fibrosis, severe acute necrotizing pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer), extrapancreatic diseases such as celiac disease\\u000a and Crohn’s disease, and gastrointestinal and pancreatic surgical resection. Recognition of this entity is highly relevant\\u000a to avoid malnutrition-related morbidity and mortality. Therapy for pancreatic exocrine insufficiency is based on the

J. Enrique Domínguez-Muñoz

2007-01-01

44

Pancreatic pseudocyst  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pancreatic pseudocysts are complications of acute or chronic pancreatitis. Initial diagnosis is accomplished most often by cross-sectional imaging. Endoscopic ultrasound with fine needle aspiration has become the preferred test to help distinguish pseudocyst from other cystic lesions of the pancreas. Most pseudocysts resolve spontaneously with supportive care. The size of the pseudocyst and the length of time the cyst has

Samir Habashi; Peter V Draganov

2009-01-01

45

Pancreatitis Associated with Pancreatic Carcinoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

The combined occurrence of pancreatic carcinoma with acute or chronic pancreatitis is seldom seen in medical practice, but when present it is a challenging dilemma, plagued by confusing overlapping clinical findings and pitfalls in diagnostic imaging tests. This article reviews the presumptive pathophysiological aspects of this relationship, the perplexing clinical presentations and the advantages and limitations of the noninvasive imaging

E. J. Balthazar

2005-01-01

46

Hodgkin lymphoma  

PubMed Central

Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), a B cell–derived cancer, is one of the most common lymphomas. In HL, the tumor cells — Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells — are usually very rare in the tissue. Although HRS cells are derived from mature B cells, they have largely lost their B cell phenotype and show a very unusual co-expression of markers of various hematopoietic cell types. HRS cells show deregulated activation of multiple signaling pathways and transcription factors. The activation of these pathways and factors is partly mediated through interactions of HRS cells with various other types of cells in the microenvironment, but also through genetic lesions. The transforming events involved in the pathogenesis of HL are only partly understood, but mutations affecting the NF-?B and JAK/STAT pathways are frequent. The dependency of HRS cells on microenvironmental interactions and deregulated signaling pathways may offer novel strategies for targeted therapies.

Kuppers, Ralf; Engert, Andreas; Hansmann, Martin-Leo

2012-01-01

47

[Autoimmune pancreatitis mimicking pancreatic tumor].  

PubMed

Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a rare disease of unknown pathomechanism. AIP belongs to the IgG4-related disease family and responds well to steroids, although the relapse rate can reach up to 20-30%. Differentiation of AIP from the more common pancreatic cancer can be very challenging. About 20% of autoimmune pancreatitis is diagnosed postoperatively during final histological examination. While each of diagnostic investigations provide some additional information towards definitive diagnosis, the question still remains whether it is possible to prevent unnecessary pancreatic resection. We demonstrate the differential diagnostic opportunities when we present our case as well as discuss the literature data of this condition. In conclusion, we think that in case of a focal pancreatic lesion AIP should always be considered. PMID:24566656

Dede, Kristóf; Salamon, Ferenc; Taller, András; Bursics, Attila

2014-02-01

48

Chronic pancreatitis  

PubMed Central

Introduction Chronic pancreatitis affects 3–9 people in 100,000; 70% of cases are alcohol-induced. Methods and outcomes We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical questions: What are the effects of lifestyle interventions in people with chronic pancreatitis? What are the effects of dietary supplements in people with chronic pancreatitis? What are the effects of drug interventions in people with chronic pancreatitis? What are the effects of nerve blocks for pain relief in people with chronic pancreatitis? What are the effects of different invasive treatments for specific complications of chronic pancreatitis? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to August 2011 (Clinical Evidence reviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this review). We included harms alerts from relevant organisations such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the UK Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA). Results We found 27 systematic reviews, RCTs, or observational studies that met our inclusion criteria. We performed a GRADE evaluation of the quality of evidence for interventions. Conclusions In this systematic review we present information relating to the effectiveness and safety of the following interventions: avoiding alcohol consumption, biliary decompression, calcium supplements, ductal decompression (endoscopic or surgical), low-fat diet, nerve blocks, opioid analgesics, pancreatic enzyme supplements, pseudocyst decompression (endoscopic or surgical), resection using distal pancreatectomy, resection using pancreaticoduodenectomy (Kausch–Whipple or pylorus-preserving), and vitamin/antioxidant supplements.

2011-01-01

49

Chronic pancreatitis  

PubMed Central

Introduction Chronic pancreatitis affects 3–9 people in 100,000; 70% of cases are alcohol-induced. Methods and outcomes We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical questions: What are the effects of lifestyle interventions in people with chronic pancreatitis? What are the effects of dietary supplements in people with chronic pancreatitis? What are the effects of drug interventions in people with chronic pancreatitis? What are the effects of nerve blocks for pain relief in people with chronic pancreatitis? What are the effects of different invasive treatments for specific complications of chronic pancreatitis? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to April 2008 (Clinical Evidence reviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this review). We included harms alerts from relevant organisations such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the UK Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA). Results We found 23 systematic reviews, RCTs, or observational studies that met our inclusion criteria. We performed a GRADE evaluation of the quality of evidence for interventions. Conclusions In this systematic review we present information relating to the effectiveness and safety of the following interventions: avoiding alcohol consumption, biliary decompression, calcium supplements, ductal decompression (endoscopic or surgical), low-fat diet, nerve blocks, opioid analgesics, pancreatic enzyme supplements, pseudocyst decompression (endoscopic or surgical), resection using distal pancreatectomy, resection using pancreaticoduodenectomy (Kausch–Whipple or pylorus-preserving), and vitamin/antioxidant supplements.

2008-01-01

50

Pancreatic sarcoidosis.  

PubMed

Sarcoidosis affects every organ in the body; the most frequently involved structures are the lung, lymph nodes, liver, spleen, eyes, joints and heart. Gastrointestinal system affliction is uncommon. The pancreas is rarely affected by sarcoidosis. A review of the literature revealed only 13 patients with biopsy proven granulomas in pancreas or peripancreatic nodes. In a review of all autopsies performed between 1950 and 1993 at Los Angeles County + University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles, USA, the authors found one patient with pancreatic and 5 with peripancreatic lymph node granuloma. The authors also describe three previously unreported cases of pancreatic sarcoidosis. From the discussion, a clinically useful and pragmatic profile of pancreatic sarcoidosis emerges. Two thirds of the patients with pancreatic sarcoidosis have abdominal pain, and three quarters of them have bilateral hilar adenopathy. The occurrence of abdominal pain in a woman with bilateral hilar adenopathy with or without pulmonary infiltration should lead one to think of pancreatic sarcoidosis. The diagnosis should be established by a tissue biopsy because the laboratory and radiographic techniques do not differentiate pancreatic sarcoidosis from other inflammatory and malignant disorders of the pancreas. The prognosis of pancreatic sarcoidosis is good. PMID:8865406

Garcia, C; Kumar, V; Sharma, O P

1996-03-01

51

[Autoimmune pancreatitis].  

PubMed

Autoimmune pancreatitis is a relatively rare form of chronic pancreatitis which is characterized by a lymphoplasmatic infiltrate with a storiform fibrosis and often goes along with painless jaundice and discrete discomfort of the upper abdomen. Clinically we distinguish between two subtypes, which differ in terms of their histology, clinical picture and prognosis. Type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis is the pancreatic manifestation of the IgG4-associated syndrome which also involves other organs. About one third of the patients can only be diagnosed after either histological prove or a successful steroid trail. Type 2 is IgG4-negative with the histological picture of an idiopathic duct centric pancreatitis and is to higher degree associated with inflammatory bowel disease. A definitive diagnosis can only be made using biopsy. Usually both forms show response to steroid treatment, but in type 1 up to 50?% of the patients might develop a relapse. The biggest challenge and most important differential diagnosis remains the discrimination of AIP from pancreatic cancer, because also AIP can cause mass of the pancreatic head, lymphadenopathy and ductal obstruction. This article summarizes recent advances on epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic strategy, therapy and differential diagnosis in this relatively unknown disease. PMID:24193862

Beyer, G; Menzel, J; Krüger, P-C; Ribback, S; Lerch, M M; Mayerle, J

2013-11-01

52

Chronic Pancreatitis  

PubMed Central

Purpose of review We review important new clinical observations in chronic pancreatitis (CP) reported in 2011. Recent findings Smoking increases the risk of non-gallstone acute pancreatitis (AP) and the progression of AP to CP. Binge drinking during Oktoberfest did not associate with increased hospital admissions for AP. The unfolded protein response is an adaptive mechanism to maintain pancreatic health in response to noxious stimuli such as alcohol. Onset of diabetes mellitus in CP is likely due to progressive disease rather than individual variables. Insufficient pancreatic enzyme dosing is common for treatment of pancreatic steatorrhea; 90,000 USP U of lipase should be given with meals. Surgical drainage provides sustained, superior pain relief compared to endoscopic treatment in patients advanced CP with a dilated main duct +/? pancreatic stones. The central acting gabapentoid pregabalin affords a modest 12% pain reduction in patients with CP but ~30% of patients have significant side effects. Summary Patients with non-gallstone related AP or CP of any etiology should cease smoking. Results of this year’s investigations further elucidated the pancreatic pathobiology due to alcohol, onset of diabetes mellitus in CP, and the mechanisms and treatment of neuropathic pain in CP.

DiMagno, Matthew J.; DiMagno, Eugene P.

2012-01-01

53

Induction of phr gene expression in E. coli strain KY706\\/pPL1 by He–Ne laser (632.8 nm) irradiation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have observed that He–Ne laser irradiation of E. coli strain KY706\\/pPL-1 leads to induction of photolyase gene, phr. The magnitude of induction was found to depend on the He–Ne laser fluence, fluence rate and post-irradiation incubation period in the nutrient medium. The optimum values for fluence and fluence rate were 7×103 J\\/m2 and 100 W\\/m2, respectively, and the induction

Roma Kohli; Biplab Bose; Pradeep Kumar Gupta

2001-01-01

54

Hypothalamic and pancreatic lesions with diabetes mellitus.  

PubMed Central

A case is reported of a neoplasm of mixed mesenchymal and neuroepithelial origin consisting of plasmacytoma, lymphoma, ganglioneuroma, and astrocytoma in the same mass. The tumour arose in the hypothalamus of a 43 year old diabetic woman who also had alpha cell hyperplasia and beta cell hypoplasia of the islets of Langerhans. It is suggested that both hypothalamic and pancreatic lesions produced diabetes mellitus in this patient. Images

Shuangshoti, S; Samranvej, P

1975-01-01

55

T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia presenting as a pituitary mass lesion: a case report and review of the literature.  

PubMed

We present a rare case of primary T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma of the pituitary gland. A 58-year-old woman presented with headaches, right-sided ptosis and cranial nerve III palsy. She subsequently developed polyuria, polydipsia, and hyperglycemia and was found to have hypopituitarism. MRI revealed a large, heterogeneously enhancing intrasellar/suprasellar lesion displacing the optic chiasm and extending into the right cavernous sinus. Radiologically, these findings were thought to represent an invasive pituitary adenoma. Pterional craniotomy was performed with subtotal tumor resection. Histopathological examination revealed a T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia (T-LBL) admixed with pituitary corticotrophic cell hyperplasia. CT scans of the chest, abdomen and pelvis showed no evidence of systemic disease. Analysis of peripheral blood and bone marrow, including flow cytometry, demonstrated no involvement by T-LBL. Follow-up MRI of the spine revealed abnormalities in the distal thoracic spinal cord and conus medullaris, raising suspicions of leptomeningeal dissemination. Only five case reports of T-cell primary pituitary lymphoma (PPL) have been previously described, four of which were associated with hypopituitarism and/or concurrent pituitary adenoma. We present the first report of a T-cell PPL associated with adenohypophyseal hyperplasia and the third documented occurrence of a primary pituitary T-LBL. PMID:22432597

Wiens, Andrea L; Hagen, Matthew C; Bonnin, José M; Rizzo, Kathryn A

2012-12-01

56

Chylous ascites as a consequence of idiopathic pancreatitis.  

PubMed

Chylous ascites (chyloperitoneum) is a rare clinical condition, characterized by an accumulation of lymph fluid in the peritoneal cavity. Most commonly it is associated with abdominal malignancy (usually lymphoma). We present an unusual case of a woman who developed a persistent pseudocyst and recurrent chylous ascites following acute necrotizing pancreatitis. PMID:24501332

Baban, Chwanrow Karim; Murphy, Michael; O'Sulleabháin, Cristóir; O'Hanlon, Deirdre

2014-01-01

57

Romidepsin in Treating Patients With Lymphoma, Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, or Solid Tumors With Liver Dysfunction  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; B-cell Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; B-cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Hepatic Complications; Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma; Intraocular Lymphoma; Male Breast Cancer; Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer With Occult Primary Squamous Cell Carcinoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Noncutaneous Extranodal Lymphoma; Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity; Recurrent Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Basal Cell Carcinoma of the Lip; Recurrent Bladder Cancer; Recurrent Breast Cancer; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Esthesioneuroblastoma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Inverted Papilloma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity; Recurrent Lymphoepithelioma of the Nasopharynx; Recurrent Lymphoepithelioma of the Oropharynx; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Melanoma; Recurrent Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer With Occult Primary; Recurrent Midline Lethal Granuloma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity; Recurrent Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Pancreatic Cancer; Recurrent Salivary Gland Cancer; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Hypopharynx; Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Larynx; Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity; Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Nasopharynx; Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx; Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity; Recurrent Verrucous Carcinoma of the Larynx; Recurrent Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity; Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage III Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity; Stage III Basal Cell Carcinoma of the Lip; Stage III Bladder Cancer; Stage III Esthesioneuroblastoma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity; Stage III Inverted Papilloma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity; Stage III Lymphoepithelioma of the Nasopharynx; Stage III Lymphoepithelioma of the Oropharynx; Stage III Midline Lethal Granuloma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity; Stage III Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity; Stage III Pancreatic Cancer; Stage III Salivary Gland Cancer; Stage III Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Hypopharynx; Stage III Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Larynx; Stage III Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity; Stage III Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Nasopharynx; Stage III Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx; Stage III Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity; Stage III Verrucous Carcinoma of the Larynx; Stage III Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity; Stage IIIA Breast Cancer; Stage IIIA Melanoma; Stage IIIB Breast Cancer; Stage IIIB Melanoma; Stage IIIC Breast Cancer; Stage IIIC Melanoma; Stage IV Bladder Cancer; Stage IV Breast Cancer; Stage IV Lymphoepithelioma of the Nasopharynx; Stage IV Melanoma; Stage IV Pancreatic Cancer; Stage IV Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Hypopharynx; Stage IV Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Nasopharynx; Stage IVA Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity; Stage IVA Basal Cell Carcinoma of the Lip; Stage IVA Esthesioneuroblasto

2014-06-30

58

Pancreatic Fibrosis Correlates with Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency after Pancreatoduodenectomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Obstruction of the pancreatic duct can lead to pancreatic fibrosis. We investigated the correlation between the extent of pancreatic fibrosis and the postoperative exocrine and endocrine pancreatic function. Methods: Fifty-five patients who were treated for pancreatic and periampullary carcinoma and 19 patients with chronic pancreatitis were evaluated. Exocrine pancreatic function was evaluated by fecal elastase-1 test, while endocrine pancreatic

T. C. K. Tran; G. van ‘t Hof; G. Kazemier; W. C. J. Hop; C. J. Pek; A. W. van Toorenenbergen; H. van Dekken; C. H. J. van Eijck

2008-01-01

59

Isolated pancreatic tuberculosis masquerading as pancreatic cancer  

PubMed Central

Isolated pancreatic tuberculosis (TB) remains a rarity despite the high incidence of tuberculosis in many of the African and Asian countries. Presentation as discrete pancreatic mass often masquerades as pancreatic neoplasm and diagnosis may require histology. Extra-hepatic portal hypertension due to splenic vein thrombosis complicating pancreatic TB has been reported in the literature. We report here a case of isolated pancreatic TB with pancreatic head mass mimicking neoplasm with extra-hepatic portal hypertension. The possibility of TB should be considered in the list of differential diagnoses of pancreatic mass and an endoscopic, ultrasound-guided biopsy might help to clinch the diagnosis of this potentially curable disease.

Zacharia, George S.; Antony, Rajany; Kolassery, Sandesh; Ramachandran, Thazhath M.

2014-01-01

60

Primary Gallbladder Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma as a Rare Postcholecystectomy Finding  

PubMed Central

Introduction. Primary lymphoma of the gallbladder is an extremely rare entity with approximately 50 cases reported so far. In many of these cases the presenting symptoms were mimicking symptomatic gallstone disease and the diagnosis was made postoperatively, especially when the preoperative imaging results were far from suspicious for malignant disease. Patients and Methods. We report a case of primary lymphoma of the gallbladder in an 85-year-old man with gallstone disease, who was admitted for elective cholecystectomy 2?months after an episode of acute cholecystitis and pancreatitis. Histological evaluation of the specimen revealed a small lymphocytic lymphoma of the gallbladder. This type of primary gallbladder lymphoma has not been previously reported. Discussion. The most common primary lymphomas of the gallbladder are MALT lymphomas and diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, although a variety of other histological types have been reported. The association of these lesions with chronic inflammation is the most convincing theory for their pathogenesis. For lesions confined to the gallbladder, cholecystectomy is considered to be sufficient, while supplementary chemotherapy significantly improves prognosis in more advanced disease.

Psarras, Kyriakos; Vlachaki, Euthymia; Papatolios, Georgios; Pavlidis, Efstathios; Mouratidou, Christina; Venizelos, Ioannis; Pavlidis, Theodoros; Sakantamis, Athanasios; Nikolaidou, Christina

2014-01-01

61

Lymphomas: Diagnosis, Treatment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Cancergram focuses on lymphomas including Hodgkin's disease. Abstracts are included which concern all clinical aspects of the various forms of lymphoma, such as diagnosis and staging, supportive care, evaluation, and therapy. Animal models, tissue cul...

1979-01-01

62

Lymphomas: Diagnosis, Treatment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The scope of this Cancergram includes Hodgkin's disease, adenolymphoma, Burkitt's lymphoma, lymphosarcoma, lymphoblastoma, lymphocytoma, reticulum cell sarcoma, mycosis fungoides, and any not otherwise specified lymphoma. Abstracts are included which conc...

1982-01-01

63

Lymphomas: Diagnosis, Treatment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The scope of this Cancergram includes Hodgkin's disease, adenolymphoma, Burkitt's lymphoma, lymphosarcoma, lymphoblastoma, lymphocytoma, reticulum cell sarcoma, mycosis fungoides, and any not otherwise specified lymphoma. Abstracts are included which conc...

1983-01-01

64

Lymphomas: Diagnosis, Treatment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The scope of this Cancergram includes Hodgkin's disease, adenolymphoma, Burkitt's lymphoma, lymphosarcoma, lymphoblastoma, lymphocytoma, reticulum cell sarcoma, mycosis fungoides, and any not otherwise specified lymphoma. Abstracts are included which conc...

1980-01-01

65

Leukemia & Lymphoma Society  

MedlinePLUS

The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society (LLS) is the world's largest voluntary health agency dedicated to blood cancer. The LLS mission: Cure leukemia, lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease and myeloma, and improve the quality ...

66

Pancreatic pseudocyst  

PubMed Central

Pancreatic pseudocysts are complications of acute or chronic pancreatitis. Initial diagnosis is accomplished most often by cross-sectional imaging. Endoscopic ultrasound with fine needle aspiration has become the preferred test to help distinguish pseudocyst from other cystic lesions of the pancreas. Most pseudocysts resolve spontaneously with supportive care. The size of the pseudocyst and the length of time the cyst has been present are poor predictors for the potential of pseudocyst resolution or complications, but in general, larger cysts are more likely to be symptomatic or cause complications. The main two indications for some type of invasive drainage procedure are persistent patient symptoms or the presence of complications (infection, gastric outlet or biliary obstruction, bleeding). Three different strategies for pancreatic pseudocysts drainage are available: endoscopic (transpapillary or transmural) drainage, percutaneous catheter drainage, or open surgery. To date, no prospective controlled studies have compared directly these approaches. As a result, the management varies based on local expertise, but in general, endoscopic drainage is becoming the preferred approach because it is less invasive than surgery, avoids the need for external drain, and has a high long-term success rate. A tailored therapeutic approach taking into consideration patient preferences and involving multidisciplinary team of therapeutic endoscopist, interventional radiologist and pancreatic surgeon should be considered in all cases.

Habashi, Samir; Draganov, Peter V

2009-01-01

67

Pancreatic Exocrine Tumors  

MedlinePLUS

Pancreatic Exocrine Tumors More than 95% of pancreatic cancers are classified as exocrine tumors. These tumors start in the exocrine cells of the pancreas. The following table describes the most common pancreatic ...

68

Is Pancreatic Cancer Hereditary?  

MedlinePLUS

... Board Patient Education / Basics of Pancreatic Cancer Is pancreatic cancer hereditary? Cancer of the pancreas is a genetic ... It has been estimated that ten percent of pancreatic cancers are hereditary. Many of these occur as part ...

69

Endocrine, Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors  

MedlinePLUS

Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors Some rare forms of pancreatic cancer form from the abnormal growth of hormone-producing cells in the pancreas called islet cells. These tumors are known as pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors ( ...

70

Pancreatic Cancer Stage 4  

MedlinePLUS

... My Pictures Browse Search Quick Search Image Details Pancreatic Cancer Stage 4 View/Download: Small: 533x576 View Download Add to My Pictures Title: Pancreatic Cancer Stage 4 Description: Stage IV pancreatic cancer; drawing ...

71

Pancreatic Cancer Stage 3  

MedlinePLUS

... Search Quick Search Image Details Pancreatic Cancer Stage 3 View/Download: Small: 720x576 View Download Add to My Pictures Title: Pancreatic Cancer Stage 3 Description: Stage III pancreatic cancer; drawing shows cancer ...

72

B-cell Lymphoma  

Cancer.gov

B-cell Lymphoma Lymphomas are cancers that arise from lymphoid cells, which are part of the immune system. The World Health Organization currently recognizes about 70 different types of lymphoma and divides them into four major groups: mature B-cell neoplasms,

73

[Pancreatic tumors].  

PubMed

The management of pancreatic cancer is complex and prognosis is poor. The etiopathogenesis of pancreatic cancer has been related to several factors, such as diabetes mellitus, smoking and alcohol use, the presence of pancreatic cystic lesions and distinct genetic syndromes. Among the diagnostic options, endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) continues to be developed, with the use of elastography, contrast agents and EUS-guided aspiration and the application of technical improvements that increase diagnostic efficacy (such as the use of specific stains, new aspiration needles, etc.). New biomarkers are also being sought that would help in differential diagnosis, such as M2PK, adiponectin, and Reg4. Among prognostic factors, the importance of nodal involvement and study of surgical resection margins has been confirmed. The role of individual predisposition in determining response to specific treatments continues to be investigated. Research also continues into the development of EUS-guided injection of therapeutic substances and the role of oncological treatment, with new data on the utility of gemcitabine and of statins as mediators of angiogenic suppression or of high-dose vitamin C with cytotoxic effects. Notable in the field of palliative treatment is the development of new biliary stents that aim to reduce obstruction rates. The development of EUS and EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration has been crucial in cystic pancreatic tumors, especially in distinguishing benign from malignant lesions or those with potential for malignant transformation (presence of mural modules, dilatation of the main pancreatic duct, the presence of masses, CEA levels, etc.). The characteristics of these tumors must be determined to evaluate whether surgery or conservative management is the best therapeutic option. PMID:19434873

Iglesias-García, Julio

2008-10-01

74

The lymphomas.  

PubMed

Hodgkin's disease and the malignant lymphomas are, by all available evidence, eminently curable neoplasms. The debates, therefore, on how best the largest numbers of individuals in any community can receive appropriate treatment and this implies their ready access to an experienced multi disciplinary combined clinic. It is important that proper perspective be retained in the African context so that preventive medicine can be employed where appropriate but, based on current understanding, those with lymphoreticular malignancy become immediate beneficiaries of whatever diagnostic and therapeutic resources need to be expended in ensuring optimal outcome. The last word is far from written on how we, as inhabitants of the African continent, will achieve this goal and so measure up to our obligation. However, as resources continue to contract, three observations justify reiteration. Firstly, diagnostic skills need to be honed by experienced pathologists together reviewing all biopsy material and, wherever possible, participating in national or international study groups. Secondly, the silly distinction propagated by some self serving individuals who fantasize that state hospitals and private clinics somehow differ, must be replaced by a more responsible attitude in which resources are pooled in the common quest for maintaining academic standards. Thirdly, given acceptance of the above common sense proposals, a mechanism will exist for the establishment and constant upgrading of national guidelines for management on agreed and achievable protocols. Whilst the theme remains that of tested conventional treatment, flexibility must exist, where appropriate, for palliative care on the one hand with scientific growth and exploration of innovative options on the other. One might conclude by observing that Africa is most certainly unique and this extends to the frequency with which some of these tumours occur; a classical example would be Burkitt's Lymphoma. This places an obligation on all of us to gather and record such experiences and, from this basis, sustain our intellectual drive by forging international bonds with colleagues in the First World. Such collaboration will provide the natural bridge between clinical studies in Africa and the more sophisticated cellular and molecular biology that is being provided by basic scientists in other parts of the world. Such a marriage is practical and both parties stand to gain significantly in the research, development and evaluation of new drugs and protocols that, ultimately, serve the best interests of patients and do so on a world-wide basis. PMID:8997823

Jacobs, P; Wood, L

1996-09-01

75

Pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy during pancreatic insufficiency.  

PubMed

Pancreatic stimulation and therefore digestion is a tightly controlled and hormonally mediated process. Any alterations affecting any of the systematic steps for successful digestion and absorption to occur will impair appropriate pancreatic enzymatic secretion, entry into the bowel lumen, functionality once inside the lumen, and thus appropriate mixing with foods and nutrients. Many causes of pancreatic insufficiency may require the initiation of pancreatic enzyme therapy, including but not limited to cystic fibrosis, pancreatic cancer, acute and chronic pancreatitis, and pancreatic surgery. This purpose of this article is to help clarify the conditions that cause pancreatic insufficiency, how to determine if the patient is malabsorbing, and the best use of pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy for treatment in these conditions. The first step in determining if pancreatic enzyme therapy is appropriate is to determine if the patient is malabsorbing specifically due to pancreatic exocrine insufficiency. An overview of the methods used to determine pancreatic insufficiency is provided, as well as appropriate treatment methods. Recent Food and Drug Administration regulations require a more thorough process, including randomized controlled trials to prove the safety and efficacy of pancreatic enzymes, to approve them for use. The studies used to verify efficacy also are examined. Last, dosing guidelines and some unconventional ways to administer pancreatic enzymes, such as during enteral feedings, are reviewed. PMID:24687867

Berry, Amy J

2014-06-01

76

Pegfilgrastim and Rituximab in Treating Patients With Untreated, Relapsed, or Refractory Follicular Lymphoma, Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma, or Marginal Zone Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Contiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage I Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage I Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage I Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage I Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage I Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage III Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage IV Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

2014-01-10

77

[Diagnostic imaging of lymphomas].  

PubMed

Computed tomography (CT) is currently the most commonly tool used for staging malignant lymphoma at diagnosis and restaging the disease after treatment. However functional imaging and mainly the 18-F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET) outperforms CT in 18-FDG avid lymphomas. PET is now included in the new international response criteria and allows a better assessment of remaining residual mass after treatment. Early TEP result is an independent prognosis factor in diffuse large B cell lymphoma and Hodgkin lymphoma. Ongoing clinical trials are now testing risk adapted strategies based on early TEP results in these two lymphoma subtypes. PMID:20222312

Casasnovas, Olivier

2010-01-20

78

Pancreatic cancer  

PubMed Central

Pancreatic cancer remains largely an incurable disease necessitating the development of novel therapeutic approaches. Adoptive immunotherapy using chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-transduced T cells represents an alternative treatment with curative potential. We present an overview of the engineering of novel CARs targeting prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA), implications for the development of immunotherapies, and potential strategies to circumvent on-target/off-tumor toxicities.

Abate-Daga, Daniel; Rosenberg, Steven A; Morgan, Richard A

2014-01-01

79

Autoimmune pancreatitis can develop into chronic pancreatitis.  

PubMed

Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) has been recognized as a distinct type of pancreatitis that is possibly caused by autoimmune mechanisms. AIP is characterized by high serum IgG4 and IgG4-positive plasma cell infiltration in affected pancreatic tissue. Acute phase AIP responds favorably to corticosteroid therapy and results in the amelioration of clinical findings. However, the long-term prognosis and outcome of AIP remain unclear. We have proposed a working hypothesis that AIP can develop into ordinary chronic pancreatitis resembling alcoholic pancreatitis over a long-term course based on several clinical findings, most notably frequent pancreatic stone formation. In this review article, we describe a series of study results to confirm our hypothesis and clarify that: 1) pancreatic calcification in AIP is closely associated with disease recurrence; 2) advanced stage AIP might have earlier been included in ordinary chronic pancreatitis; 3) approximately 40% of AIP patients experience pancreatic stone formation over a long-term course, for which a primary risk factor is narrowing of both Wirsung's and Santorini's ducts; and 4) nearly 20% of AIP patients progress to confirmed chronic pancreatitis according to the revised Japanese Clinical Diagnostic Criteria, with independent risk factors being pancreatic head swelling and non-narrowing of the pancreatic body duct. PMID:24884922

Maruyama, Masahiro; Watanabe, Takayuki; Kanai, Keita; Oguchi, Takaya; Asano, Jumpei; Ito, Tetsuya; Ozaki, Yayoi; Muraki, Takashi; Hamano, Hideaki; Arakura, Norikazu; Kawa, Shigeyuki

2014-01-01

80

Autoimmune pancreatitis can develop into chronic pancreatitis  

PubMed Central

Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) has been recognized as a distinct type of pancreatitis that is possibly caused by autoimmune mechanisms. AIP is characterized by high serum IgG4 and IgG4-positive plasma cell infiltration in affected pancreatic tissue. Acute phase AIP responds favorably to corticosteroid therapy and results in the amelioration of clinical findings. However, the long-term prognosis and outcome of AIP remain unclear. We have proposed a working hypothesis that AIP can develop into ordinary chronic pancreatitis resembling alcoholic pancreatitis over a long-term course based on several clinical findings, most notably frequent pancreatic stone formation. In this review article, we describe a series of study results to confirm our hypothesis and clarify that: 1) pancreatic calcification in AIP is closely associated with disease recurrence; 2) advanced stage AIP might have earlier been included in ordinary chronic pancreatitis; 3) approximately 40% of AIP patients experience pancreatic stone formation over a long-term course, for which a primary risk factor is narrowing of both Wirsung’s and Santorini’s ducts; and 4) nearly 20% of AIP patients progress to confirmed chronic pancreatitis according to the revised Japanese Clinical Diagnostic Criteria, with independent risk factors being pancreatic head swelling and non-narrowing of the pancreatic body duct.

2014-01-01

81

The Epidemiology of Pancreatitis and Pancreatic Cancer  

PubMed Central

Acute pancreatitis is one of the most frequent gastrointestinal causes for hospital admission in the US. Chronic pancreatitis, although lower in incidence, significantly reduces patients’ quality of life. Pancreatic cancer has high mortality and is 1 of the top 5 causes of death from cancer. The burden of pancreatic disorders is expected to increase over time. The risk and etiology of pancreatitis differ with age and sex, and all pancreatic disorders affect Blacks more than any other race. Gallstones are the most common cause of acute pancreatitis, and early cholecystectomy eliminates the risk of future attacks. Alcohol continues to be the single most important risk factor for chronic pancreatitis. Smoking is an independent risk factor for acute and chronic pancreatitis, and its effects could synergize with those of alcohol. Significant risk factors for pancreatic cancer include smoking and non-O blood groups. Alcohol abstinence and smoking cessation can alter progression of pancreatitis and reduce recurrence; smoking cessation is the most effective strategy to reduce the risk of pancreatic cancer.

Yadav, Dhiraj; Lowenfels, Albert B.

2013-01-01

82

Treatment of Alcoholic Pancreatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chronic pancreatitis is characterized by progressive and irreversible loss of pancreatic exocrine and endocrine function. The majority of cases in the Western world are related to alcohol consumption. Treatment of alcoholic chronic pancreatitis has been difficult, since the mechanisms of disease progression and the causes of pain are poorly understood. The conservative management of chronic pancreatitis focuses on (a) avoidance

Roland H. Pfützer; Alexander Schneider

2005-01-01

83

Pancreatic polypeptide secretion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pancreatic polypeptide, a 36-amino peptide, is released from the pancreas by a variety of stimuli, including intravenous Boots secretin. Studies in a generalized destructive and inflammatory process such as chronic pancreatitis have revealed a markedly diminished response to stimulation. To assess whether pancreatic polypeptide release in response to Boots secretin provides a useful measure of pancreatic destruction in cystic fibrosis,

A. Stern; G. P. Davidson; C. P. Kirubakaran; J. Deutsch; A. Smith; J. Hansky

1983-01-01

84

Small bowel lymphoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Opinion statement  Treatment of small bowel lymphoma requires the expertise of medical and surgical subspecialists. The two most important factors\\u000a that determine the optimal treatment are histology and staging of small bowel lymphoma. Other factors that may affect treatment\\u000a include age, multiple areas of involvement, tumor size, and perforation. At present, the best treatment for gastrointestinal\\u000a lymphoma (stage IE disease) is

Renard A. Rawls; Kenneth J. Vega; Bruce W. Trotman

2003-01-01

85

Primary Adrenal Lymphoma  

PubMed Central

Primary non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma of the adrenal gland is rare. We report the case of a 56-year-old patient suffering from B symptoms. The CT scan showed a bilateral adrenal mass without any lymph nodes. Scan-guided biopsies led to the diagnosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. The medullar biopsy eliminated a secondary lymphoma. The patient was treated by immunochemotherapy with a complete response before autologous stem cell transplantation.

Kacem, Karima; Zriba, Sami; Lakhal, Raihane Ben; Bouteraa, Walid; Aissaoui, Lamia; Amor, Ramzi Ben; Abdennebi, Yosr Ben; Ali, Zaher Belhadj; Abid, Hela Ben; Meddeb, Balkis

2014-01-01

86

NK cell lymphoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Natural killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes with large granular lymphocyte morphology, CD3-CD56+ phenotype, non-MHC-restricted\\u000a cytotoxicity, and germ-line configuration T-cell receptor genes. Two types of lymphomas originating from NK cells have been\\u000a described; blastic NK-cell lymphoma, and nasal-type NK-cell lymphoma. Because recent reports indicate that blastic NK-cell\\u000a lymphoma originates from the precursors of plasmacytoid dendritic cells, I will focus mainly on

Kazuo Oshimi

2002-01-01

87

Primary bony Hodgkin's lymphoma  

PubMed Central

Hodgkin’s lymphoma most commonly presents with progressive painless enlargement of peripheral lymph nodes, especially around the cervical region. At the time of diagnosis osseous involvement is uncommon and even in the late stages only 9–35% of cases have any bony involvement. Rarely Hodgkin’s lymphoma presents as an osseous lesion without involvement of lymph nodes, therefore the histological diagnosis of osseous Hodgkin’s lymphoma can be problematic. Here, the authors present a rare case of primary osseous Hodgkin’s lymphoma and a review of the literature.

Binesh, Fariba; Mirjalili, Mohammad Reza; Akhavan, Ali; Navabii, Hossein

2012-01-01

88

How Is Pancreatic Cancer Staged?  

MedlinePLUS

... Topic Pancreatic cancer survival by stage How is pancreatic cancer staged? The stage of a pancreatic cancer (extent ... M1: Distant metastasis is present. Stage grouping for pancreatic cancer After the T, N, and M categories of ...

89

Tipifarnib in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma

2014-05-09

90

A Patient with Chronic Hepatitis C and a Pancreatic Mass in Endoscopic Ultrasound  

PubMed Central

We report a rare case of pancreas tumor (lymphoma) in a patient with a history of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection without treatment, with a high viral load (20,199,805 IU/ml). He presented with abdominal pain, jaundice, weight loss and sweating. Computed tomography showed a hypodense mass located in the head of the pancreas, and immunohistochemistry of a specimen obtained by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration revealed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the pancreas, B cell type. An association of HCV infection with pancreatic lymphoma has only been reported rarely in the literature and its clinical significance is uncertain.

Ghobakhlou, Mehdi; Alizadeh, Amir Houshang Mohammad; Naderi, Nosratollah; Haghighi, Shirin; Molaei, Mahsa; Rafiezadeh, Mitra; Zali, Mohammad Reza

2012-01-01

91

Use of pancreatic schilling test to determine efficiency of pancreatic enzyme delivery in pancreatic insufficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

The pancreatic Schilling test (PST), a noninvasive, sensitive pancreatic function test, was studied to determine its ability to detect pancreatic proteolytic enzyme replacement in patients with pancreatic insufficiency. Seven subjects with welldocumented pancreatic insufficiency and an abnormal PST consistent with pancreatic insufficiency were studied with three enzyme regimens: (1) Viokase (four tablets), (2) Pancrease (three capsules), and (3) Pancrease (10

W. R. Brugge; H. J. Goldberg; C. A. Burke; B. J. Depping

1988-01-01

92

[Genitourinary manifestations of lymphoma].  

PubMed

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) of the genitourinary system is a very rare disease. Only 1 % of NHL are primary genitourinary lymphomas, most commonly of testicular origin. Secondary infiltration from disseminated lymphoma can be found in all the genitourinary organs. We report on five patients with genitourinary lymphoma who were diagnosed at our department: one case of primary testicular lymphoma and four patients with secondary lymphomatous infiltration of kidney, bladder, prostate and testicles, respectively. The clinical courses are described and the current literature is reviewed. The operation could be restricted to a biopsy for assurance of the diagnosis. However, the mostly radical procedures are performed for curative purposes after an incorrect diagnosis of a malignant organ cancer without even recognizing or considering NHL in the differential diagnosis. PMID:17647171

Schultz, A; Maruschke, M; Leithäuser, M; Seiter, H

2007-07-01

93

Cutaneous T-cell Lymphomas  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a T-cell malignancies presenting in the skin include mycosis fungoides, primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma, and\\u000a the related regressing lesion lymphomatoid papulosis as well as viral-associated adult T-cell leukemia\\/lymphoma. Rarer and\\u000a more aggressive primary cutaneous lymphomas include extranodal natural killer cell\\/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, subcutaneous\\u000a panniculitits-like T-cell lymphoma, cutaneous gamma-delta T-cell lymphoma, and cutaneous aggressive epidermotropic CD8+ cytotoxic\\u000a T-cell lymphoma.

Pranil Chandra; Mauricio P. Oyarzo; Dan Jones

94

Oral Clofarabine for Relapsed/Refractory Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Follicular Lymphoma; Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Lymphoplasmacytic Lymphoma; Low Grade B-cell Lymphoma, Not Otherwise Specified; Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma; Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large-cell Lymphoma

2014-03-24

95

Pathogenesis of Primary Cutaneous Lymphomas  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Primary cutaneous lymphomas are now defined in the WHO EORTC classification on the basis of specific clinico-pathologic features\\u000a [1], but the underlying pathogenesis of these extranodal lymphomas has yet to be fully characterised. Primary cutaneous T-cell\\u000a lymphomas do not show diseasespecific translocations and are distinct from nodal lymphomas with a similar pathology. In contrast,\\u000a primary cutaneous B-cell lymphomas appear to

Sean Whittaker

96

The genetics of familial lymphomas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whereas familial clustering of malignant lymphoma is well documented, the molecular changes underlying familial lymphoma syndromes\\u000a remain unclear. An understanding of the hereditary basis of lymphoma may lead to the identification of new molecular markers\\u000a for disease or novel therapeutic targets. This paper reviews the genetics of familial lymphoma, focusing on germline susceptibilities\\u000a to lymphoma as well as germline susceptibilities

Rina Siddiqui; Kenan Onel; Flavia Facio; Kenneth Offit

2004-01-01

97

Chronic Pancreatitis in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... of acute pancreatitis. Not all patients with a genetic predisposition or anatomic abnormalities will develop chronic pancreatitis. The reason for the variability is that modifying factors act in concert with ...

98

Pancreatic tuberculosis with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: A case report and systematic review  

PubMed Central

Pancreatic tuberculosis (TB) is a relatively rare disease that can mimic carcinoma, lymphoma, cystic neoplasia, retroperitoneal tumors, pancreatitis or pseudocysts. Here, I report the case of a 31-year-old immigrant Burmese woman who exhibited epigastralgia, fever, weight loss and an epigastric mass. The patient was diagnosed with pancreatic TB and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, and was treated with antituberculous drugs and percutaneous catheter drainage without a laparotomy. The clinical presentation, radiographic investigation and management of pancreatic TB are summarized in this paper to emphasize the importance of considering this rare disease in the differential diagnosis of pancreatic masses concomitant with human immunodeficiency virus infection. I also emphasize the need for both histopathological and microbiological diagnosis via fine-needle aspiration.

Meesiri, Somchai

2012-01-01

99

Pancreatic tuberculosis with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: a case report and systematic review.  

PubMed

Pancreatic tuberculosis (TB) is a relatively rare disease that can mimic carcinoma, lymphoma, cystic neoplasia, retroperitoneal tumors, pancreatitis or pseudocysts. Here, I report the case of a 31-year-old immigrant Burmese woman who exhibited epigastralgia, fever, weight loss and an epigastric mass. The patient was diagnosed with pancreatic TB and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, and was treated with antituberculous drugs and percutaneous catheter drainage without a laparotomy. The clinical presentation, radiographic investigation and management of pancreatic TB are summarized in this paper to emphasize the importance of considering this rare disease in the differential diagnosis of pancreatic masses concomitant with human immunodeficiency virus infection. I also emphasize the need for both histopathological and microbiological diagnosis via fine-needle aspiration. PMID:22363146

Meesiri, Somchai

2012-02-21

100

Cryosurgery for pancreatic cancer  

PubMed Central

The procedure of pancreatic cryosurgery is performed with intraoperative or percutaneous approaches. Based on current data and our initial experience, cryoablation appears to be a feasible, potentially safe and promising option in patients with locally advanced and unresectable pancreatic cancer. It is suggested that there are almost no known contraindications to the use of cryosurgery for pancreatic cancer. For most patients with pancreatic cancer, cryosurgery can substitute conventional surgery.

Xu, Kecheng; Yang, Daming

2013-01-01

101

Depression and pancreatic cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although pancreatic carcinoma and depression have been linked for years, the prevalence and relationship of these often coexisting diseases are still poorly understood. A clinical gestalt asserts that many patients present with depression before pancreatic carcinoma is diagnosed. Published studies reviewing this issue have found that many patients with pancreatic cancer are depressed. If the definition of depression is broadened

A. D. Boyd; M. Riba

2007-01-01

102

Experimental Models of Pancreatitis  

PubMed Central

Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory disease characterized by interstitial edema, inflammatory cell infiltration, and acinar cell necrosis, depending on its severity. Regardless of the extent of tissue injury, acute pancreatitis is a completely reversible process with evident normal tissue architecture after recovery. Its pathogenic mechanism has been known to be closely related to intracellular digestive enzyme activation. In contrast to acute pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis is characterized by irreversible tissue damage such as acinar cell atrophy and pancreatic fibrosis that results in exocrine and endocrine insufficiency. Recently, many studies of chronic pancreatitis have been prompted by the discovery of the pancreatic stellate cell, which has been identified and distinguished as the key effector cell of pancreatic fibrosis. However, investigations into the pathogenesis and treatment of pancreatitis face many obstacles because of its anatomical location and disparate clinical course. Due to these difficulties, most of our knowledge on pancreatitis is based on research conducted using experimental models of pancreatitis. In this review, several experimental models of pancreatitis will be discussed in terms of technique, advantages, and limitations.

Hyun, Jong Jin

2014-01-01

103

Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma  

Cancer.gov

Because pancreatic cancer is often diagnosed at a late stage, surgical removal of the tumor or the organ is often difficult, if not impossible. Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, or PDAC, is by far the most common type of pancreatic malignancy. PDAC is distinct from other cancers due to the biological barrier the tumor builds around itself.

104

Experimental models of pancreatitis.  

PubMed

Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory disease characterized by interstitial edema, inflammatory cell infiltration, and acinar cell necrosis, depending on its severity. Regardless of the extent of tissue injury, acute pancreatitis is a completely reversible process with evident normal tissue architecture after recovery. Its pathogenic mechanism has been known to be closely related to intracellular digestive enzyme activation. In contrast to acute pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis is characterized by irreversible tissue damage such as acinar cell atrophy and pancreatic fibrosis that results in exocrine and endocrine insufficiency. Recently, many studies of chronic pancreatitis have been prompted by the discovery of the pancreatic stellate cell, which has been identified and distinguished as the key effector cell of pancreatic fibrosis. However, investigations into the pathogenesis and treatment of pancreatitis face many obstacles because of its anatomical location and disparate clinical course. Due to these difficulties, most of our knowledge on pancreatitis is based on research conducted using experimental models of pancreatitis. In this review, several experimental models of pancreatitis will be discussed in terms of technique, advantages, and limitations. PMID:24944983

Hyun, Jong Jin; Lee, Hong Sik

2014-05-01

105

How Is Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Staged?  

MedlinePLUS

... for non-Hodgkin lymphoma How is non-Hodgkin lymphoma staged? Once non-Hodgkin lymphoma is diagnosed, tests ... A is added to the stage. Small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) /chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) The Ann Arbor ...

106

Primary lymphomas of bone.  

PubMed

Primary bone lymphoma is rare. The majority of cases are diffuse large B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. Classification, staging, and treatment are controversial. The relatively small number of cases has led to many case reports and series describing institutional experiences but precludes the use of randomized clinical trials to address the question of optimal management. This article will review clinical and radiologic presentations, diagnostic techniques, and histologic characteristics. Most important, it will present what limited information we do have regarding effective treatment options for this unusual type of lymphoma. PMID:16231853

Gill, Paula; Wenger, Doris E; Inwards, David J

2005-09-01

107

Bilateral ovarian Burkitt's lymphoma.  

PubMed

Primary ovarian lymphoma is a rare entity. We submit a case of a 34-year-old black patient presenting with a bilateral adnexal tumor. She underwent hysterectomy with double salpingo-oophorectomy followed by polychemotherapy treatment. Histology confirmed Epstein-Barr virus-positive bilateral Burkitt's lymphoma. The patient died from septic shock after a month of treatment. Endemic Burkitt's lymphoma has a predilection for the female genital tract, manifesting itself clinically as a pelvic mass and less frequently as a menstrual disorder. It is a rare entity in our environment but should be kept in mind when treating patients of African origin. PMID:19480266

Gutiérrez-García, L; Medina Ramos, N; García Rodríguez, R; Barber, M A; Arias, M D; García, J A

2009-01-01

108

Risk of pancreatic adenocarcinoma in chronic pancreatitis  

PubMed Central

Background: The risk of pancreatic cancer in patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) is difficult to assess. Previous studies, mostly case control studies or studies relying on data case registers, reported relative risks varying from 2.3 to 18.5. Methods: We studied a prospective, single centre, medical-surgical cohort of 373 consecutive patients (322 (86%) men, median age 40 years) with proven CP (alcoholic origin 85%) and a follow up of at least two years (median follow up 9.2 years; range 2.0–34.8) in order to exclude pancreatitis revealing pancreatic cancer. We calculated the age and sex standardised incidence ratio (SIR) as the ratio of the number of observed cases of pancreatic cancer in this cohort to the number of expected cases, as provided by the French National Cancer Register. Results: Four cases of pancreatic adenocarcinoma (1.1% of patients) were observed in 3437 patient years (expected number of cases 0.15; SIR 26.7, 95% confidence interval (CI) 7.3–68.3; p=0.00002). In a second analysis in which patients lost to follow up were considered to be followed up until the end point without having developed pancreatic adenocarcinoma (4762 patient years), SIR was 19.0 (CI 5.2–48.8; p=0.00007). Conclusion: Patients with CP have a markedly increased risk of pancreatic cancer compared with the general population.

Malka, D; Hammel, P; Maire, F; Rufat, P; Madeira, I; Pessione, F; Levy, P; Ruszniewski, P

2002-01-01

109

Pancreatic cancer risk in hereditary pancreatitis  

PubMed Central

Inflammation is part of the body's immune response in order to remove harmful stimuli—like pathogens, irritants or damaged cells—and start the healing process. Recurrent or chronic inflammation on the other side seems a predisposing factor for carcinogenesis and has been found associated with cancer development. In chronic pancreatitis mutations of the cationic trypsinogen (PRSS1) gene have been identified as risk factors of the disease. Hereditary pancreatitis (HP) is a rare cause of chronic pancreatic inflammation with an early onset, mostly during childhood. HP often starts with recurrent episodes of acute pancreatitis and the clinical phenotype is not very much different from other etiologies of the disease. The long-lasting inflammation however generates a tumor promoting environment and represents a major risk factor for tumor development This review will reflect our knowledge concerning the specific risk of HP patients to develop pancreatic cancer.

Weiss, Frank U.

2014-01-01

110

Intraocular Lymphoma: Current Therapy and Future Trends  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Intraocular lymphoma is a rare non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma with three main presentations: primary retinal lymphoma, primary uveal\\u000a lymphoma, and secondary uveal lymphoma in a patient with known central nervous system lymphoma. Primary intraocular lymphomas\\u000a are usually diffuse large B-cell lymphomas and generally are associated with a poor prognosis. Patients present with recurrent\\u000a vitritis or uveitis that may initially respond to topical

Christopher J. Calvano; Stella K. Kim; Dan S. Gombos

111

Biology of pancreatic cancer.  

PubMed Central

Pancreatic cancer is the fifth leading cause of death from malignant disease in Western society. Apart from the fortunate few patients who present with a resectable small pancreatic adenocarcinoma, conventional treatment offers no hope of cure and has little palliative value. Over the past two decades major steps have been made in our understanding of the biology of pancreatic growth and neoplasia. This review sets out to explore these advances, firstly in the regulation of normal pancreatic growth, and secondly the mechanism which may be involved in malignant change of the exocrine pancreas. From an understanding of this new biology, new treatment strategies may be possible for patients with pancreatic cancer.

Poston, G J; Gillespie, J; Guillou, P J

1991-01-01

112

The pathogenesis of chronic pancreatitis.  

PubMed Central

To date, there is no consensus on the evolution of chronic pancreatitis. Comfort's initial proposal of acute pancreatitis progressing to chronic pancreatitis was discarded by protagonists of the 'separate' theory. Sarles thus stresses the de novo evolution of chronic pancreatitis-acinar protein hypersecretion associated with an imbalance of pancreatic stone promoting and inhibiting factors. However, the 'necrosis-fibrosis sequence' hypothesis of Kloppel and Mallet resurrects the probability of acute pancreatitis leading to chronic pancreatitis. Dimagno offers a unifying concept that the degree of acinar injury determines the natural history of pancreatitis. Uninhibited release of toxic free radicals could be a common end point for various aetiologies resulting in acute or chronic pancreatitis. The pathogenesis of chronic calcifying pancreatitis of the tropics is possibly no different from alcoholic chronic pancreatitis. Neurocrine and paracrine mechanisms have been offered to explain pain out of proportion to radiological and histological pancreatic abnormalities in minimal change chronic pancreatitis.

Sidhu, S. S.; Tandon, R. K.

1995-01-01

113

Pathology of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma.  

PubMed

Clinical features as well as histomorphology and cytomorphology are the golden standard for the differentiation of the various nosologic entities of cutaneous lymphomas, consisting of pre-lymphomas and pseudolymphomas, abortive lymphoma, latent lymphoma, definite low grade malignant lymphoma, and high grade malignant lymphoma. Histomorphologic and cytomorphologic criteria allow additional subtyping of lymphoproliferative T-cell infiltrates of the skin. PMID:8522491

Burg, G; Dummer, R; Dommann, S; Nestle, F; Nickoloff, B

1995-10-01

114

Lymphoma with hypercalcemia  

PubMed Central

A prospective survey was carried out to determine the incidence of hypercalcemia in hospitalized patients with lymphoma. Serum calcium determinations were carried out during 440 admissions on 152 patients, most of whom had widespread lymphoma. Forty-one of the 152 patients died, all having had calcium levels recorded on that admission. Two of the 152 patients (1.3%) were found to have hypercalcemia. By comparison hypercalcemia occurred in 6 of 34 patients (17.6%) with multiple myeloma. Hypercalcemia is uncommonly associated with lymphoma but may be seen particularly in centres where many patients with this disease are treated. Hypercalcemia readily responds to therapy and is a reversible cause of morbidity, but when associated with lymphoma it usually indicates widespread disease. The mechanism of hypercalcemia is unknown but there is strong evidence for humoral factors that may or may not be related to parathyroid hormone.

Walker, Irwin R.

1974-01-01

115

Lymphoma Research Foundation  

MedlinePLUS

... at cancer treatment centers nationwide. Read More LYMPHOMA RESEARCH Featured Researcher – Hans-Guido Wendel, MD Dr. Wendel ... and Advocacy News Action Center Advocacy Tool Kit Research LRF Research Portfolio Disease-Specific Focus Areas Grants ...

116

Staging Primary CNS Lymphoma  

MedlinePLUS

... primary CNS lymphoma. Three standard treatments are used: Radiation therapy Radiation therapy is a cancer treatment that uses high-energy ... them from growing. There are two types of radiation therapy. External radiation therapy uses a machine outside the ...

117

Marginal Zone Lymphoma  

MedlinePLUS

... For example, Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), a microbial pathogen linked to chronic gastritis, has been associated with ... zone lymphoma. Some patients receive a splenectomy (surgical removal of the spleen) or, for those patients who ...

118

Survivin and pancreatic cancer  

PubMed Central

Pancreatic cancer is estimated to be the fourth most common cancer in men and fifth in women in the world and has poor prognosis. In recent years, more and more effort has been put on the relationship between pancreatic cancer and apoptosis. As a newly discovered inhibitor of apoptosis, survivin has drawn more attention. Strong evidence has shown that survivin is expressed in pancreatic cancer cells on frozen sections. Survivin increases in the development of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and its expression can be a marker in evaluating the prognosis of pancreatic cancer patients. Survivin itself may be a new target in the treatment of pancreatic cancer and a survivin DNA vaccine could generate specific antitumor effects in pancreatic carcinoma models.

Liu, Bin-Bin; Wang, Wei-Hong

2011-01-01

119

Inherited Pancreatic Cancer Syndromes  

PubMed Central

Pancreatic cancer remains one of the most challenging of all cancers. Genetic risk factors are believed to play a major role, but other than genes coding for blood group, genetic risks for sporadic cases remain elusive. However, several germline mutations have been identified that lead to hereditary pancreatic cancer, familial pancreatic cancer and increased risk for pancreatic cancer as part of a familial cancer syndrome. The most important genes with variants increasing risk for pancreatic cancer include BRCA1, BRCA2, PALB2, ATM, CDKN2A, APC, MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, PMS2, PRSS1 and STK11. Recognition of members of high-risk families is important for understanding pancreatic cancer biology, for recommending risk reduction strategies and, in some cases, initiating cancer surveillance programs. Because the best methods for surveillance have not been established the recommendation to refer at-risk patients to centers with ongoing research programs in pancreatic cancer surveillance is supported.

Solomon, Sheila; Das, Siddhartha; Brand, Randall; Whitcomb, David C

2012-01-01

120

Endoscopic treatment of chronic pancreatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Treatment of chronic pancreatitis has been exclusively surgical for a long time. Recently, endoscopic therapy has become widely used as a primary therapeutic option. Initially performed for drainage of pancreatic cysts and pseudocysts, endoscopic treatments were adapted to biliary and pancreatic ducts stenosis. Pancreatic sphincterotomy which allows access to pancreatic ducts was firstly reported. Secondly, endoscopic methods of stenting, dilatation,

Laurent Heyries; Jose Sahel

2007-01-01

121

International Lymphoma Epidemiology Consortium  

Cancer.gov

The InterLymph Consortium, or formally the International Consortium of Investigators Working on Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Epidemiologic Studies, is an open scientific forum for epidemiologic research in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Formed in 2001, the Consortium is a group of international investigators who have completed or have ongoing case-control studies and who discuss and undertake research projects that pool data across studies or otherwise undertake collaborative research.

122

Pathophysiology of Retinal Lymphoma  

PubMed Central

Retinal lymphoma, the most common form of intraocular lymphoma, is a high-grade malignancy, usually of B-cell type, and is associated with a poor prognosis because of frequent central nervous system (CNS) involvement. The neoplastic B-cells of retinal lymphoma have a characteristic morphology and immunophenotype, express certain chemokines and chemokine receptors, and produce interleukins (IL), e.g. IL-10. Together with the cytological features of these tumors, the immunophenotype, presence of immunoglobulin rearrangements, and biochemical profile aid the diagnosis of retinal lymphomas. Immunophenotyping and somatic mutation analysis suggest derivation of most retinal lymphomas from an early post-germinal centre B-cell. Chromosomal translocation data would suggest, however, that a subgroup of these neoplasms may arise from germinal centre B-cells, and these could be associated with a better prognosis. Further investigations, such as gene expression profiling, are required to identify oncogenic pathways potentially involved in retinal lymphoma development, and to identify new prognostic/therapeutic markers for this tumor.

Coupland, Sarah E.; Chan, Chi Chao; Smith, Justine

2009-01-01

123

Pre-computed backprojection based penalized-likelihood (PPL) reconstruction with an edge-preserved regularizer for stationary Digital Breast Tomosynthesis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Stationary Digital Breast Tomosynthesis (sDBT) is a carbon nanotube based breast imaging device with fast data acquisition and decent projection resolution to provide three dimensional (3-D) volume information. To- mosynthesis 3-D image reconstruction is faced with the challenges of the cone beam geometry and the incomplete and nonsymmetric sampling due to the sparse views and limited view angle. Among all available reconstruction methods, statistical iterative method exhibits particular promising since it relies on an accurate physical and statistical model with prior knowledge. In this paper, we present the application of an edge-preserved regularizer to our previously proposed precomputed backprojection based penalized-likelihood (PPL) reconstruction. By using the edge-preserved regularizer, our experiments show that through tuning several parameters, resolution can be retained while noise is reduced significantly. Compared to other conventional noise reduction techniques in image reconstruction, less resolution is lost in order to gain certain noise reduction, which may benefit the research of low dose tomosynthesis.

Xu, Shiyu; Inscoe, Christy R.; Lu, Jianping; Zhou, Otto; Chen, Ying

2014-03-01

124

[Pancreatitis in pregnant women].  

PubMed

Regardless of the fact, that pancreatitis during pregnancy is rare; this disease is characterized by high indices of maternal and perinatal mortality. Among variety of etiological and pathogenetic aspects of pregnant women's acute pancreatitis, leading role in its development belongs to bile-excreting system diseases, conditioned by physiological processes in women's organism during gestational period. Also there is a genetic theory of acute pancreatitis genesis in pregnant women, based on dislipoproteinemia development caused by lipoprotein lipase insufficiency, when severity of pancreatitis course is correlated with morphotype of this enzyme gene mutation. Chronic pancreatitis is conditioned by the same causes and can develop and recur during pregnancy and right after parturition. Diagnostics of pregnant women's pancreatitis is complicated because of limitation of the use of some methods (radiation and endoscopic). Pancreatitis clinical course does not differ from the one in nonpregnant women and is manifested by pain abdominal and dyspeptic syndromes, and also by syndromes of exocrine and endocrine pancreatic insufficiency. The main clinical feature of pregnant women's pancreatitis is high occurrence of painless forms. Approaches to treatment include pain relief disintoxication, use of pancreatic secretion blockers, multienzyme complexes, glycemia correction. PMID:18720707

Maev, I V; Burkov, S G; Kucheriavy?, Iu A; Ovlashenko, E I

2008-01-01

125

Angiotropic Lymphoma: An Immunophenotypically and Clinically Heterogeneous Lymphoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Angiotropic lymphoma (AL) is an uncommon lymphoma often presenting with nonspecific clinical features and having a high mortality rate. Although not specifically recognized by the Revised European-American Classification of Lymphoid Neoplasms, it likely will appear as a subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in the upcoming WHO classification. Some authors may also consider it to be a subtype of cutaneous

Subramanian Yegappan; Robert Coupland; Daniel A. Arber; Nancy Wang; Ranko Miocinovic; Raymond R. Tubbs; Eric D. Hsi

2001-01-01

126

Chronic Pancreatitis (Beyond the Basics)  

MedlinePLUS

... Irritable bowel syndrome (Beyond the Basics) Patient information: Pancreatic cancer (Beyond the Basics) Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of ... of the upper intestine ? An increased risk of pancreatic cancer PANCREATITIS DIAGNOSIS It can be difficult to diagnose ...

127

Pancreatic Cancer Stage 2A  

MedlinePLUS

... My Pictures Browse Search Quick Search Image Details Pancreatic Cancer Stage 2A View/Download: Small: 720x576 View Download Add to My Pictures Title: Pancreatic Cancer Stage 2A Description: Stage IIA pancreatic cancer; drawing ...

128

Pancreatic Cancer Stage 2B  

MedlinePLUS

... My Pictures Browse Search Quick Search Image Details Pancreatic Cancer Stage 2B View/Download: Small: 720x576 View Download Add to My Pictures Title: Pancreatic Cancer Stage 2B Description: Stage IIB pancreatic cancer; illustration ...

129

Pancreolauryl test in chronic pancreatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The pancreolauryl test was performed in 30 subjects with chronic pancreatitis, in order to evaluate its behavior in relation to the duration of the clinical history and the presence of pancreatic calcifications, diabetes mellitus, jaundice, and pancreatic pseudocysts.

A. Panucci; C. Angonese; G. Del Favero; C. Fabris; L. Marchioro; D. Basso; F. Di Mario; R. Naccarato

1986-01-01

130

[Malignant lymphoma of the skin].  

PubMed

Extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphomas preferentially involve the skin. Among them, 65% are T-cell lymphomas, 25% B-cell lymphomas and about 10% rare variants or nonclassifiable lymphomas. Mycosis fungoides is the most common form of low-grade malignant peripheral cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL): Lymphomas originating from follicular center cells are the most common types of cutaneous B-cell lymphomas (CBCL). Only 15 to 25% of cutaneous lymphomas show extracutaneous manifestations at time of diagnosis. The prognosis is relatively good, since the average survival time from diagnosis is 12 to 14 years. For making the diagnosis, clinical, histo- and cytomorphological parameters often have to be supplemented by phenotypic, genotypic and molecular biologic techniques in order to establish the correct diagnosis. An important problem still is the early diagnosis and early evaluation of prognostic parameters in CTCL. The therapeutic approach is control of the disease according to stage and prognostic parameters. PMID:8171405

Burg, G; Dommann, S; Dummer, R

1993-12-01

131

Tyrosine phosphorylation in human lymphomas  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a previous study, we showed that the high level of protein tyrosine phosphorylation present in lymphomas containing an\\u000a anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) can be demonstrated in routinely processed paraffin tissue sections using immunolabelling\\u000a techniques. In the present study we investigated whether oncogenic tyrosine kinase activation also occurs in other categories\\u000a of lymphoma by staining 145 cases of lymphoma covering

E. Haralambieva; M. Jones; G. M. Roncador; L. Cerroni; L. Lamant; G. Ott; A. Rosenwald; C. Sherman; P. Thorner; R. Kusec; K. M. Wood; E. Campo; B. Falini; A. Ramsay; T. Marafioti; H. Stein; P. M. Kluin; K. Pulford; D. Y. Mason

2003-01-01

132

Vorinostat in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Advanced Hodgkin's Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Adult Favorable Prognosis Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Lymphocyte Depletion Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Lymphocyte Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Mixed Cellularity Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Nodular Lymphocyte Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Nodular Sclerosis Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Unfavorable Prognosis Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma

2014-05-07

133

Safety and Tolerability Study of PCI-32765 in B Cell Lymphoma and Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia  

ClinicalTrials.gov

B-cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Diffuse Well-differentiated Lymphocytic Lymphoma; B Cell Lymphoma; Follicular Lymphoma,; Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma; Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia; Burkitt Lymphoma; B-Cell Diffuse Lymphoma

2013-10-30

134

Potent and specific antitumor effects of an anti-CD22-targeted cytotoxic ribonuclease: potential for the treatment of non-Hodgkin lymphoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

LL2, an anti-CD22 monoclonal antibody against B-cell lymphoma, was covalently linked to the amphibian ribonuclease, on- conase, a member of the pancreatic RNase A superfamily. LL2 increased in vitro potency (10 000-fold) and specificity against human Daudi Burkitt lymphoma cells while decreasing systemic toxicity of onconase. Monensin further increased potency of LL2-onconase on Daudi cells (IC50, 20 and 1.5 pM,

Dianne L. Newton; Hans J. Hansen; Stanislaw M. Mikulski; David M. Goldenberg; Susanna M. Rybak

2001-01-01

135

Acute Pancreatitis (Beyond the Basics)  

MedlinePLUS

... WHERE TO GET MORE INFORMATION REFERENCES GRAPHICS FIGURES Pancreas anatomy PANCREATITIS OVERVIEW Acute pancreatitis refers to inflammation of the pancreas, causing sudden and severe abdominal pain. The pancreas ...

136

Smoking and Pancreatic Disease  

PubMed Central

Smoking is a major risk factor for chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer. However, the mechanisms through which it causes the diseases remain unknown. In the present manuscript we reviewed the latest knowledge gained on the effect of cigarette smoke and smoking compounds on cell signaling pathways mediating both diseases. We also reviewed the effect of smoking on the pancreatic cell microenvironment including inflammatory cells and stellate cells.

Edderkaoui, Mouad; Thrower, Edwin

2014-01-01

137

Post-ERCP pancreatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pancreatitis remains the most common severe complication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Detailed\\u000a information about the findings of previous studies concerning post-ERCP pancreatitis has not been utilized sufficiently. The\\u000a purpose of the present article was to present guidelines for the diagnostic criteria of post-ERCP pancreatitis, and its incidence,\\u000a risk factors, and prophylactic procedures that are supported by evidence. To achieve

Shinju Arata; Tadahiro Takada; Koichi Hirata; Masahiro Yoshida; Toshihiko Mayumi; Morihisa Hirota; Masamichi Yokoe; Masahiko Hirota; Seiki Kiriyama; Miho Sekimoto; Hodaka Amano; Keita Wada; Yasutoshi Kimura; Toshifumi Gabata; Kazunori Takeda; Keisho Kataoka; Tetsuhide Ito; Masao Tanaka

2010-01-01

138

Diagnosis of Chronic Pancreatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis (CP) is usually suspected on the basis of suggestive signs and symptoms, but the clinical\\u000a presentation alone is rarely specific enough to reach a diagnosis. The diagnosis requires confirmation by diagnostic tests\\u000a that measure perturbations of either pancreatic structure or pancreatic function. In the majority of patients, the disease\\u000a is suspected based on the presence

Chris E. Forsmark

139

Nodal marginal zone lymphoma.  

PubMed

Nodal marginal zone lymphoma (NMZL) is one of the three well-recognized entities within the broad category of marginal zone lymphoma, representing approximately 10% of the cases in this group. Patients typically present with nodal disease, usually at advanced stages, and a thorough work-up and staging are necessary in order to exclude occult extranodal involvement. NMZL shares many similarities with splenic marginal zone (SMZL) and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphomas, such as cytology, immunophenotype, genetic abnormalities and maybe even a common cell of origin: a post-germinal memory B-cell. NMZL is characterized by an indolent course, but its prognosis is generally considered less favorable than that of SMZL and MALT lymphoma, with reported 5-year overall survival rates ranging between 55% and 89%. Therapeutic recommendations for NMZL are derived from small retrospective series or studies on larger cohorts of indolent lymphomas, which include a limited number of patients with NMZL. For localized disease, radiotherapy appears to be the treatment of choice, while rituximab-containing therapy is recommended for advanced stage disease. Due to the rarity of NMZL it is very difficult to perform prospective trials, and an international collaborative effort is necessary in order to better understand the biological features and provide evidence-based treatment recommendations. PMID:24004184

Angelopoulou, Maria K; Kalpadakis, Christina; Pangalis, Gerassimos A; Kyrtsonis, Marie-Christine; Vassilakopoulos, Theodoros P

2014-06-01

140

Screening for Pancreatic Cancer  

PubMed Central

Despite improvements in the clinical and surgical management of pancreatic cancer, limited strides have been made in the early detection of this highly lethal malignancy. The majority of localized pancreatic tumors are asymptomatic, and the recognized presenting symptoms of pancreatic adenocarcinoma are often vague and heterogeneous in nature. These factors, coupled with the lack of a sensitive and noninvasive screening method, have made population-based screening for pancreatic cancer impossible. Nevertheless, at least two large institutions have performed multimodality-screening protocols for individuals with high risk of pancreatic cancer based on genetic predisposition and strong family history. Abnormalities noted during these screening protocols prompted further investigation or surgery that resulted in the discovery of benign, potentially malignant, and malignant pancreatic lesions. In addition to ductal epithelial pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia, greater sensitivity has recently been achieved in the identification and characterization of precancerous mucinous pancreatic tumors. Advancements in proteomics and DNA microarray technology may confirm serum-based biomarkers that could be incorporated into future screening algorithms for pancreatic cancer.

Brand, Randall E.

2007-01-01

141

Hodgkin’s Lymphoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a An estimated 8,490 new cases of Hodgkin’s lymphoma were diagnosed in the USA in 2010.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Reed–Sternberg cells are the malignant cells in classical Hodgkin’s lymphoma (CD15+, CD30+, and CD45?). In nodular lymphocyte-predominant\\u000a Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NLPHL), these cells express B-cell markers (CD20+, CD79a+, and CD45+) and are CD15? and CD30?.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Common presentation is an asymptomatic lymph node enlargement

Maryse Bernard; Richard W. Tsang

142

Differential Diagnosis of Focal Non-Cystic Pancreatic Lesions With and Without Proximal Dilation of Pancreatic Duct Noted on CT Scan  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: Pancreatic duct (PD) dilation proximal to a solid focal pancreatic lesion on computed tomography (CT) scan is considered highly suggestive of pancreatic adenocarcinoma. There is, however, no published data on the differential diagnosis of focal non-cystic pancreatic lesions with and without PD dilation. We assessed the diagnostic utility of this radiologic finding. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database of university-based clinical practice. A total of 445 non-jaundiced patients who underwent endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) (2002–2010) for evaluation of solid pancreatic lesions noted on CT scan were included. Final diagnosis was based on surgical pathology or definitive cytology with supporting clinical follow-up of ?12 months. Main outcome measurements included (1) differential diagnoses and (2) performance characteristics of EUS-fine needle aspiration (FNA) for diagnosing neoplasm in patients with non-cystic pancreatic lesions with and without PD dilation. RESULTS: A neoplasm was finally diagnosed in 152 of 187 patients with and 87 of 258 patients without PD dilation on CT scan. Chronic pancreatitis (diffuse and focal) was the predominant non-malignant diagnosis in patients with PD dilation. In patients without PD dilation, malignant lesions included neuroendocrine tumor, adenocarcinoma, metastasis, PEComa (perivascular epitheloid cell tumor), and lymphoma; and the non-neoplastic diagnosis included chronic pancreatitis, intrapancreatic lymph nodes, and infected pancreatic fluid collection. EUS-FNA had 97.6% accuracy for diagnosing a neoplasm in these patients. CONCLUSIONS: Dilation PD proximal to a focal solid pancreatic lesion increases the likelihood of malignancy but the performance characteristics of this radiologic finding are probably inadequate to guide clinical management. Neoplasms without dilated PD often require immunostaining for a definitive diagnosis.

Tummala, MD, Pavan; Rao, MD, Savitha; Agarwal, MD, Banke

2013-01-01

143

Vorinostat, Rituximab, Ifosfamide, Carboplatin, and Etoposide in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Lymphoma or Previously Untreated T-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma or Mantle Cell Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage I Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage I Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage I Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage II Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage II Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage III Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage III Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage IV Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IV Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

2013-11-15

144

Celiac axis stenosis in pancreatic head resection for chronic pancreatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and aims. To determine the outcome of pancreatic head resection for chronic pancreatitis in the presence of celiac axis stenosis or occlusion we analyzed the blood supply of the upper abdominal organs in 11 patients before and after surgery. Patients and methods. Between March 1994 and April 2000 we performed 145 pancreatic head resections for chronic pancreatitis. Preoperatively 11

Jörn Pfeiffenberger; Ulrich Adam; Oliver Drognitz; Jens C. Kröger; Frank Makowiec; Wolfgang Schareck; Ulrich T. Hopt

2002-01-01

145

Pancreatitis is a risk factor for pancreatic cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background & Aims: The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) maintains a computerized file of all hospital discharges since 1970. In taking advantage of this large database, the present study aimed to determine whether pancreatitis is a risk factor for pancreatic cancer. Methods: A case control study compared the occurrence of pancreatitis in 2639 patients with pancreatic cancer and a matched

Pradeep Bansal; Amnon Sonnenberg

1995-01-01

146

Primary lymphoma of the ovary.  

PubMed

Involvement of the ovary by malignant lymphoma is a well-known late manifestation of disseminated nodal disease. Primary ovarian lymphoma is rare. We report a case of primary ovarian non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with bilateral involvement which was managed by surgery and chemotherapy. A 29-year-old woman was admitted with signs and symptoms suggestive of an ovarian cancer. Computed tomography revealed an abdominal tumor measuring 20 cm in diameter, without enlarged lymph nodes. The diagnosis of malignant lymphoma was established after bilateral adnexectomy and histological study of the excised tissue. The tumor was classified as a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. The patient has been advised 8 cycles of standard CHOP regimen and is presently on treatment. She has now been without disease for 7 months after the surgery. According to previous reports the treatment principles and prognosis of primary ovarian lymphoma is the same as that of other nodal lymphomas. PMID:19052394

Elharroudi, Tijani; Ismaili, Nabil; Errihani, Hassan; Jalil, Abdelouahed

2008-01-01

147

Pancreatitis in cats.  

PubMed

Pancreatitis was considered a rare disease in the cat until a couple of decades ago when several retrospective studies of severe acute pancreatitis were published. It was apparent that few of the diagnostic tests of value in the dog were helpful in cats. With increasing clinical suspicion, availability of abdominal ultrasonography, and introduction of pancreas-specific blood tests of increasing utility, it is now accepted that acute pancreatitis is probably almost as common in cats as it is in dogs, although the etiology(s) remain more obscure. Pancreatitis in cats often co-exists with inflammatory bowel disease, less commonly with cholangitis, and sometimes with both. Additionally, pancreatitis may trigger hepatic lipidosis, while other diseases, such as diabetes mellitus, may be complicated by pancreatitis. Therapy is similar to that used in dogs, with added emphasis on early nutritional support to prevent hepatic lipidosis. Less is known about chronic pancreatitis than the acute form, but chronic pancreatitis is more common in cats than it is in dogs and may respond positively to treatment with corticosteroids. PMID:23148855

Armstrong, P Jane; Williams, David A

2012-08-01

148

Hyperamylasaemia: pathognomonic to pancreatitis?  

PubMed

An 82-year-old woman, presented with a history of vomiting, abdominal mass and a significantly raised amylase, but no clinical evidence of pancreatitis. Abdominal ultrasound and CT scans showed an ovarian tumour, and no evidence of pancreatitis-as is often associated with a raised amylase. The patient underwent bilateral ovariectomy and hysterectomy and made a good recovery. PMID:24132440

Burden, Sam; Poon, Anna Sau Kuk; Masood, Kausar; Didi, Mohamed

2013-01-01

149

Idiopathic recurrent pancreatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cause of recurrent acute pancreatitis can be identified in the majority of patients. A small group of patients in whom an etiological association is not obvious is characterized as idiopathic recurrent pancreatitis (IRP). During the last seven years, we used endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and sphincter of Oddi (SO) manometric pressure studies to investigate 116 patients initially diagnosed as

Rama P. Venu; Joseph E. Geenen; Walter Hogan; John Stone; G. Kenneth Johnson; Konrad Soergel

1989-01-01

150

Nutrition, Inflammation, and Acute Pancreatitis  

PubMed Central

Acute pancreatitis is acute inflammatory disease of the pancreas. Nutrition has a number of anti-inflammatory effects that could affect outcomes of patients with pancreatitis. Further, it is the most promising nonspecific treatment modality in acute pancreatitis to date. This paper summarizes the best available evidence regarding the use of nutrition with a view of optimising clinical management of patients with acute pancreatitis.

Petrov, Max

2013-01-01

151

Case 207: hodgkin lymphoma with paraneoplastic hypercalcemic pancreatitis.  

PubMed

History A 15-year-old girl presented with a 2-month history of 30-lb (13.6 kg) weight loss, chest and abdominal pain, nausea, bilious emesis, cough, and shortness of breath. Initial blood count (performed at an outside hospital) showed elevated white blood cell and platelet counts but low hemoglobin and hematocrit levels. On examination, she had adenopathy in the left axillary and supraclavicular regions, fullness in the left chest, and abdominal guarding. Ultrasonography (US)-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the left anterior chest wall mass was nondiagnostic, and lumbar puncture and bone marrow biopsies were negative. At that time, the patient underwent several imaging studies-including chest radiography; bone scanning; contrast material-enhanced computed tomography (CT) of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis; and fluorine 18 ((18)F) fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/CT-all performed within 1 week of each other. Pertinent serum laboratory values at the time of these tests were as follows: calcium level, 17 mg/dL (4.25 mmol/L) (normal range, 8.5-10.5 mg/dL [2.1-2.6 mmol/L]); ionized calcium level, 2.3 mmol/L (normal range, 1.1-1.3 mmol/L); lipase level, 2423 U/L (normal level, <300 U/L); amylase level, 1435 U/L (normal level, <140 U/L); lactate dehydrogenase level, 253 U/L (normal level, <240 U/L), albumin level, 2.6 g/dL (26 g/L) (normal level, 3.5-5.0 g/dL [35-50 g/L]), and creatinine level, 1.7 mg/dL (150.3 ?mol/L) (normal level, <1.2 mg/dL [<106.1 ?mol/L]). A follow-up PET/CT scan was performed approximately 2 months later after initial therapy. PMID:24956051

Mittra, Erik S; Davidzon, Guido

2014-07-01

152

Lymphoma Steering Committee Roster  

Cancer.gov

Lymphoma Steering Committee Roster Co-chairs Oliver Press, M.D.Fred Hutchinson Cancer CenterSeattle, WAD Julie M. Vose, M.D.University of Nebraska Medical CenterOmaha, NE Members Michael Crump, M.D.Princess Margaret HospitalToronto, Canada Stephen Forman,

153

Primary Gastrointestinal Lymphoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinicopathologic findings in 102 patients with primary gastrointenstinal lymphomas were reviewed. Abdominal pain was the common presenting symptom. The primary sites of the tumors were: 67 in the stomach, 24 in the small intestine, 7 in the ileocecal region, 3 in the large intestine, and 1 in the esophagus. The disease more frequently affected males than females and showed peak

K. Aozasa; M. Tsujimoto; A. Inoue; K. Nakagawa; J. Hanai; A. Kurata; J. Nosaka

1985-01-01

154

Lymphoma Steering Committee  

Cancer.gov

The LYSC follows an efficient, cost-effective, science-driven, and transparent process to identify and promote the "Best Science" in clinical research on lymphoma and related diseases by addressing the design and prioritization of phase III trials and large phase II studies.

155

How Is Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Staged in Children?  

MedlinePLUS

... Hodgkin lymphoma treated in children? How is non-Hodgkin lymphoma staged in children? Once non-Hodgkin lymphoma ( ... instead of lymphoma.) Survival rates for childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma Advances in treatment have increased the overall ...

156

Histone deacetylase inhibitors and pancreatic cancer: Are there any promising clinical trials?  

PubMed Central

Pancreatic cancer, although not very frequent, has an exceptionally high mortality rate, making it one of the most common causes of cancer mortality in developed countries. Pancreatic cancer is difficult to diagnose, allowing few patients to have the necessary treatment at a relatively early stage. Despite a marginal benefit in survival, the overall response of pancreatic cancer to current systemic therapy continues to be poor, and new therapies are desperately needed. Histone deacetylase (HDAC) enzymes play an important role in the development and progression of cancer and HDAC inhibitors (HDACIs) have been shown to induce differentiation and cell cycle arrest, activate the extrinsic or intrinsic pathways of apoptosis, and inhibit invasion, migration and angiogenesis in different cancer cell lines. As a result of promising preclinical data, various HDACIs are being tested as either monotherapeutic agents or in combination regimens for both solid and hematological malignancies. Vorinostat was the first HDACI approved by the Food and Drug Administration for patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. The use of HDACIs in clinical trials, in pretreated and relapsed patients suffering from advanced pancreatic cancer is discussed. Unfortunately, clinical data for HDACIs in patients with pancreatic cancer are inadequate, because only a few studies have included patients suffering from this type of neoplasm and the number of pancreatic cancer patients that entered HDACIs phase II/III trials, among others with advanced solid tumors, is very limited. More studies recruiting patients with pancreatic cancer remain to determine the efficiency of these therapies.

Koutsounas, Ioannis; Giaginis, Constantinos; Theocharis, Stamatios

2013-01-01

157

[Hypertriglyceridemia and acute pancreatitis].  

PubMed

Data of 26 patients suffering from severe pancreatitis, who were treated at the anesthesiologic intensive care unit during the years 1991 and 1992, were evaluated with respect to etiologic factors, especially hypertriglyceridemia, stage of the disease and clinical outcome. Hypertriglyceridemia was found in 13 cases (11 men, 2 women, mean age 42 +/- 9 years) with values between 330 mg/dl and 4000 mg/dl. Lipid electrophoresis revealed a pattern typical for type IV hyperlipidemia. Insulin dependent diabetes was present in 4 patients and 5 reported about an unusual high alcohol intake preceding pancreatitis. Beside surgical approaches, including drainage and lavage, and basic intensive care treatment plasmapheresis was performed in 8 patients with hypertriglyceridemia. 5 patients with pancreatitis and hypertriglyceridemia died out of multiorganic failure, and so the mortality rate was 38%. The group of patients with pancreatitis caused by cholelithiasis or chronic alcohol consumption showed a mortality rate of 46%. The poor outcome of pancreatitis associated with hypertriglyceridemia demonstrates the importance of the treatment of hypertriglyceridemia in order to prevent the development of pancreatitis. The determination of plasma triglyceride values should belong to the routine diagnostic procedures in acute pancreatitis. PMID:7709709

Lechleitner, M; Ladner, E; Seyr, M; Hoppichler, F; Föger, B; Hackl, J M

1994-01-01

158

Pleuropulmonary complications of pancreatitis  

PubMed Central

Pancreatitis, in common with many other upper abdominal diseases, often leads to pleuropulmonary complications. Radiological evidence of pleuropulmonary abnormality was found in 55% of 58 cases examined retrospectively. The majority of such abnormalities are not specific for pancreatitis; but a particular category of pleural effusions, rich in pancreatic enzymes, is a notable exception. A patient with this type of effusion, complicated by a spontaneous bronchopleural fistula and then by an empyema, is reported. The literature relating to pancreatic enzyme-rich pleural effusions (pathognomonic of pancreatitis) is reviewed. Of several possible mechanisms involved in pathogenesis, transdiaphragmatic lymphatic transfer of pancreatic enzymes, intrapleural rupture of mediastinal extensions of pseudocysts, and diaphragmatic perforation are the most important. The measurement of pleural fluid amylase, at present little employed in this country, has considerable diagnostic value. Enzyme-rich effusions are more commonly left-sided, are often blood-stained, are frequently associated with pancreatic pseudocysts, and—if long standing—may be complicated by a bronchopleural fistula. Images

Kaye, Michael D.

1968-01-01

159

FAU in Treating Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors or Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Stage III Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Stage III Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage III Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage III Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Stage IV Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage IV Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage IV Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

2014-01-06

160

Alisertib in Combination With Vorinostat in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Recurrent Hodgkin Lymphoma, B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, or Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; B-cell Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; B-cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Noncutaneous Extranodal Lymphoma; Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; T-cell Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; T-cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia; Testicular Lymphoma; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

2014-06-30

161

Molecular Profiling of Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma and Chronic Pancreatitis Identifies Multiple Genes Differentially Regulated in Pancreatic Cancer 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The molecular basis of pancreatic cancer is not understood. Previous attempts to determine the specific genes expressed in pancreatic cancer have been hampered by similarities between adenocarcinoma and chronic pancreatitis. In the current study, microarrays (Affymetrix) were used to profile gene expression in pancreatic adenocarcinoma (10), pancreatic cancer cell lines (7), chronic pancreatitis (5), and normal pancreas (5). Molecular profiling

Craig D. Logsdon; Diane M. Simeone; Charles Binkley; Thiruvengadam Arumugam; Joel K. Greenson; Thomas J. Giordano; David E. Misek; Samir Hanash

2003-01-01

162

Primary intraocular lymphoma: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Primary intraocular lymphoma (PIOL) is a rare, non-Hodgkin lymphoma considered to be a subtype of primary central nervous\\u000a system lymphoma. We describe a 65-year-old woman who presented to the Hematology\\/Oncology Clinic at Scripps Clinic, La Jolla,\\u000a California, who was diagnosed with bilateral PIOL without systemic disease. She enjoyed a 16-month remission but ultimately\\u000a recurred in the brain. We reviewed the

Gregory S. Vosganian; Saskia Boisot; Kathrin I. Hartmann; William R. Freeman; Robert W. Sharpe; Prabhakar Tripuraneni; Alan Saven

163

Nodular Lymphocyte Predominant Hodgkin's Lymphoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whereas it is estimated that 7800 new cases of Hodgkin’s lymphoma (HL) will be diagnosed in 2006, nodular lymphocyte predominant\\u000a Hodgkin lymphoma (NLPHL) will only account for 3–8% of newly diagnosed HL (1, 2). The majority of the incidence is accounted\\u000a for by the classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) subtypes (nodular sclerosing, lymphocyte rich, lymphocyte depleted, and mixed\\u000a cellularity). There exists

Michelle A. Fanale; Anas Younes

164

Tyrosine phosphorylation in human lymphomas.  

PubMed

In a previous study, we showed that the high level of protein tyrosine phosphorylation present in lymphomas containing an anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) can be demonstrated in routinely processed paraffin tissue sections using immunolabelling techniques. In the present study we investigated whether oncogenic tyrosine kinase activation also occurs in other categories of lymphoma by staining 145 cases of lymphoma covering those tumours with a range of different subtypes including those with morphological similarity to ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL). Twelve cases of the borderline malignant disorder lymphomatoid papulosis were also studied. Twenty seven of the 28 cases of ALK-positive ALCL showed the extensive cytoplasmic labelling for phosphotyrosine in the neoplastic cells. The remaining case containing moesin-ALK exhibited membrane-associated phosphotyrosine expression. There was no nuclear phosphotyrosine labelling in any of the ALK-positive ALCL, even though ALK was present within the cell nuclei in 23 of the tumours. Variable degrees of phosphotyrosine labelling, usually membrane-restricted, were observed in 7/40 cases of ALK-negative ALCL, 9/29 cases of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, 3/6 cases of mediastinal B-cell lymphoma, 2/7 cases of Hodgkin's lymphoma, 3/6 cases of peripheral T-cell lymphomas unspecified, 4/6 cases of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, 2/6 cases of follicular lymphomas and 2/12 cases of lymphomatoid papulosis studied. However none of these phosphotyrosine-positive cases showed the strong cytoplasmic labelling comparable to that seen in ALK-positive lymphoma. We conclude that activation of a tyrosine kinase is probably not a major oncogenic event in lymphomas other than ALK-positive ALCL. PMID:14626344

Haralambieva, E; Jones, M; Roncador, G M; Cerroni, L; Lamant, L; Ott, G; Rosenwald, A; Sherman, C; Thorner, P; Kusec, R; Wood, K M; Campo, E; Falini, B; Ramsay, A; Marafioti, T; Stein, H; Kluin, P M; Pulford, K; Mason, D Y

2002-01-01

165

Pancreatitis in Scrub Typhus  

PubMed Central

Scrub typhus is a rickettsial infection prevalent in most parts of India. Acute pancreatitis with pseudocyst formation is a rare complication of this condition. This paper reports acute renal failure, pancreatitis and pseudocyst formation in a 48-year-old female with scrub typhus. Ultrasonography of the abdomen revealed a bulky pancreas with fluid seen along the body of the pancreas in the lesser sac. The infection was successfully treated with doxycycline and supportive treatment. Pancreatitis was managed conservatively. This case report highlights the importance of identifying and managing uncommon complications of a common tropical disease for optimum outcome.

Bhatt, Alok; Menon, Aravind A; Bhat, Rama; Gurusiddana, Siddalingana Gouda Thaplar

2014-01-01

166

Study of Alisertib (MLN8237) in Adults With Aggressive Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma; Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Burkitt's Lymphoma; Precursor B-lymphoblastic Leukemia/Lymphoma; T-cell Lymphoma, Excluding Primary Cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma; Transformed Follicular Lymphoma With ? 50% Diffuse Large Cell Component

2013-11-15

167

Occupational exposure and malignant lymphoma.  

PubMed

The incidence of malignant lymphoma, especially non-Hodgkin's lymphoma has increased over the last few decades. This statement is true despite the fact that methods for diagnosing malignant lymphoma have changed and misclassification has become a problem. The present review is mainly concerned with occupational aspects of malignant lymphoma. Several subsequent studies have dealt with malignant lymphoma among woodworkers and pulp and paper mill workers pointing to increased risks. Exposure to phenoxy herbicides have provided reasonable evidence to be connected with an increased risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, whereas there is limited information regarding Hodgkin's disease. The relationship between solvent exposure and malignant lymphoma has been observed in a great number of studies. It is, however, still hard to identify specific solvent compounds responsible for the increased risk. Other occupational exposures i.e. wood preservatives, welding, asbestos, hair dyes and exposure to animal viruses among meatworkers and veterinarians have also been studied in relation to malignant lymphoma. This review shows that occupational factors, especially exposure to solvents and phenoxy herbicides and also to wood, play a role in the epidemiology of malignant lymphoma. PMID:9117190

Persson, B

1996-01-01

168

A Rare Collision Tumor Composed of Follicular Lymphoma and Adenocarcinoma in the Ampulla of Vater: A Case Report  

PubMed Central

The duodenum is infrequently affected by malignant lymphoma, and follicular lymphomas of the duodenum are rare histological subtypes. There are no reported cases of collision of follicular lymphoma and other tumors in the ampulla of Vater. A 57-year-old Japanese man presented with jaundice, and abdominal computed tomography revealed a tumor of the ampulla of Vater invading the pancreatic head with biliary dilatation and a thickened duodenal wall. The patient underwent subtotal stomach-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy. Histopathology of the resected specimen revealed lymphoid follicular formations with small-to-medium-sized centrocyte-like cells and some centroblast-like cells. The atypical lymphoid cells were immunohistochemically positive for CD10, CD20, and CD79a but negative for CD5 and cyclin D1. BCL2 protein was highly expressed in the follicle centers. The diagnosis was duodenal follicular lymphoma, Grade 1. The follicular lymphoma, 40?mm in diameter, involved duodenal submucosa and regional lymph nodes without distant metastasis. This duodenal follicular lymphoma was partially overlapped by adenocarcinoma of the ampulla of Vater, measuring 25 × 20?mm, which involved the lower common bile duct, pancreas, and duodenum. We report the first case of a surgically treated collision tumor composed of a rare mass-forming follicular lymphoma and adenocarcinoma of the ampulla of Vater.

Tanioka, Fumihiko; Inaba, Keisuke; Takatori, Shingo; Ochiai, Hideto; Suzuki, Shohachi

2014-01-01

169

Primary CNS Lymphoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL) affects all age groups with a peak incidence in the fifth to seventh decades in non-AIDS patients.\\u000a A slight male predominance is observed. The disease represents 2.6% of all primary brain tumors and 2–3% of NHLs [1, 53].\\u000a After a threefold rise observed between 1970 and 1990, the incidence of PCNSL has increased only slightly in

Joachim M. Baehring; Uwe Schlegel; Fred H. Hochberg

170

Diagnosis and management of rare gastrointestinal lymphomas.  

PubMed

Primary gastrointestinal (GI) lymphoma is rare, however accounts for 30-40% of cases of extranodal lymphoma. Several lymphoma subtypes have a propensity for GI tract involvement. Whilst the literature is dominated by data related to the more common extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma) and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) of the stomach, this review focuses on the rare subtypes of enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma (EATL), GI follicular lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma (lymphomatous polyposis coli) and extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma nasal-type (ENKTL). Due to its rarity, the majority of data regarding primary GI lymphoma have been derived from subgroups of larger cohorts. Clinical characteristics, prognosis and management can differ from those of nodal disease, despite corresponding histology. We discuss these differences and the challenges associated with diagnosis and management of these rare diseases. PMID:22616672

Hawkes, Eliza A; Wotherspoon, Andrew; Cunningham, David

2012-12-01

171

Lymphoma Research Foundation: Patient Multimedia Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Lymphoma Research Foundation (LRF) is a "voluntary health organization devoted exclusively to funding lymphoma research and providing patients and healthcare professionals with critical information on the disease." The LRF Patient Multimedia Library offers an archived collection of informative online articles and videos addressing different aspects of lymphoma. Library categories include Lymphoma Overview, Lymphoma Treatment, Coping Issues, Clinical Trials, and Advocacy Issues. Examples of video and article titles include Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma 101; A Genetic Look at Lymphoma; Treating Lymphoma: Will a Customized Vaccine Work; Accuracy in Lymphoma Diagnosis; The Thriving Survivor; and more. The Library also offers archived videos from a 2003 Educational Forum on Lymphoma. In addition to the Library, the LRF site contains sections on Research, Lymphoma Education, Patient Conferences, and Patient Support.

172

Oblimersen Sodium and Rituximab in Treating Patients With Recurrent B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Testicular Lymphoma; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

2014-05-13

173

Involvement of pancreatic and bile ducts in autoimmune pancreatitis  

PubMed Central

AIM: To examine the involvement of the pancreatic and bile ducts in patients with autoimmune pancreatitis. METHODS: Clinical and cholangiopancreatographic findings of 28 patients with autoimmune pancreatitis were evaluated. For the purposes of this study, the pancreatic duct system was divided into three portions: the ventral pancreatic duct; the head portion of the dorsal pancreatic duct; and the body and tail of the dorsal pancreatic duct. RESULTS: Both the ventral and dorsal pancreatic ducts were involved in 24 patients, while in 4 patients only the dorsal pancreatic duct was involved. Marked stricture of the bile duct was detected in 20 patients and their initial symptom was obstructive jaundice. Six patients showed moderate stenosis to 30%-40% of the normal diameter, and the other two patients showed no stenosis of the bile duct. Although marked stricture of the bile duct was detected in 83% (20/24) of patients who showed narrowing of both the ventral and dorsal pancreatic ducts, it was not observed in the 4 patients who showed involvement of the dorsal pancreatic duct alone (P?=?0.0034). CONCLUSION: Both the ventral and dorsal pancreatic and bile ducts are involved in patients with autoimmune pancreatitis.

Kamisawa, Terumi; Tu, Yuyang; Egawa, Naoto; Nakajima, Hitoshi; Tsuruta, Kouji; Okamoto, Atsutake

2006-01-01

174

Pancreatic exocrine function testing  

SciTech Connect

It is important to understand which pancreatic function tests are available and how to interpret them when evaluating patients with malabsorption. Available direct tests are the secretin stimulation test, the Lundh test meal, and measurement of serum or fecal enzymes. Indirect tests assess pancreatic exocrine function by measuring the effect of pancreatic secretion on various nutrients. These include triglycerides labeled with carbon 14, cobalamin labeled with cobalt 57 and cobalt 58, and para-aminobenzoic acid bound to a dipeptide. Of all these tests the secretin stimulation test is the most accurate and reliable if done by experienced personnel. However, the indirect tests are simpler to do and appear to be comparable to the secretin test at detecting pancreatic exocrine insufficiency. These indirect tests are becoming clinically available and clinicians should familiarize themselves with the strengths and weaknesses of each.

Goff, J.S.

1981-11-01

175

Pancreatic Islet Transplantation  

MedlinePLUS

... allo-transplantation?" For each pancreatic islet allo-transplant infusion, researchers use specialized enzymes to remove islets from ... in a lab. Transplant patients typically receive two infusions with an average of 400,000 to 500, ...

176

Management of necrotizing pancreatitis.  

PubMed Central

A comprehensive management plan is presented for patients with severe acute pancreatitis. These patients may have pancreatic or peripancreatic necrosis or pancreatic fluid collections. Multiple organ failure often develops in patients with severe pancreatitis. We therefore recommend that all patients with acute pancreatitis be evaluated for pancreatic anatomy and function. If a patient is seriously ill, a computed tomographic (CT) scan with vascular enhancement should be done. Meanwhile, vigorous fluid replacement is necessary using Swan-Ganz monitoring. Patients with necrosis do not need surgical intervention unless the clinical course or CT scan-guided aspiration shows infection. The objective of an operation should be to remove all infected tissue and fluid. A preoperative CT scan with vascular enhancement should be used as a guide during the operation to ensure that all foci of infected necrosis or fluid are eliminated. We have found that open packing and irrigation with sodium oxychlorosene are helpful in patients with extensive necrosis or those who become infected early after the onset of symptoms. In all, 40% to 50% of patients treated by closed drainage will require reoperation because of incomplete debridement. Persistent sepsis is an indication for reoperation. Images

Frey, C F

1993-01-01

177

Autoantibodies in Autoimmune Pancreatitis  

PubMed Central

Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) was first used to describe cases of pancreatitis with narrowing of the pancreatic duct, enlargement of the pancreas, hyper-?-globulinaemia, and antinuclear antibody (ANA) positivity serologically. The main differential diagnosis, is pancreatic cancer, which can be ruled out through radiological, serological, and histological investigations. The targets of ANA in patients with autoimmune pancreatitis do not appear to be similar to those found in other rheumatological diseases, as dsDNA, SS-A, and SS-B are not frequently recognized by AIP-related ANA. Other disease-specific autoantibodies, such as, antimitochondrial, antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies or diabetes-specific autoantibodies are virtually absent. Further studies have focused on the identification of pancreas-specific autoantigens and reported significant reactivity to lactoferrin, carbonic anhydrase, pancreas secretory trypsin inhibitor, amylase-alpha, heat-shock protein, and plasminogen-binding protein. This paper discusses the findings of these investigations and their relevance to the diagnosis, management, and pathogenesis of autoimmune pancreatitis.

Smyk, Daniel S.; Rigopoulou, Eirini I.; Koutsoumpas, Andreas L.; Kriese, Stephen; Burroughs, Andrew K.; Bogdanos, Dimitrios P.

2012-01-01

178

Sphincter of oddi (pancreatic) hypertension and recurrent pancreatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Major papilla pancreatic sphincter dysfunction, a variant of sphincter of Oddi dysfunction, causes pancreatitis and pancreatic-type\\u000a pain. The gold standard for diagnosis is sphincter of Oddi manometry, most commonly performed at endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography\\u000a (ERCP). Noninvasive testing, such as secretin-stimulated transabdominal or endoscopic ultrasound assessment of pancreatic\\u000a duct diameter, is less reliable and has relatively low sensitivity. Two thirds of

Benedict M. Devereaux; Stuart Sherman; Glen A. Lehman

2002-01-01

179

Lenalidomide and Temsirolimus in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Hodgkin Lymphoma or Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma; HIV-associated Hodgkin Lymphoma; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Noncutaneous Extranodal Lymphoma; Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma; Post-transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder; Recurrent Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Testicular Lymphoma; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

2014-07-15

180

Intraocular lymphoma: a clinical perspective  

PubMed Central

Primary vitreoretinal lymphoma (PVRL) is a rare malignancy that is speculated to arise extraocularly, and preferentially invade and flourish in the ocular and CNS microenvironments. The eye is involved in about 20% of primary central nervous system lymphomas, but the brain is eventually involved in about 80% of PVRL. Most are B-cell lymphomas with small numbers of T-cell lymphomas metastatic to the vitreous and retina. Metastatic systemic B-cell lymphoma usually involves choroid. Primary choroidal lymphoma is rare. Intraocular lymphoma can usually be distinguished from uveitis clinically, although there are overlaps, which may be pronounced in eyes with a large component of reactive inflammation related to tumor surveillance and control. There are controversies in diagnosis and treatment. Diagnosis through examination of ocular fluid is technically difficult and can utilize cytology, immunohistochemistry, flow cytometry, molecular detection of gene rearrangements, and cytokine profiling. Treatment of intraocular lymphoma without detectable CNS disease could consist of a full course of systemic chemotherapy with ocular adjunctive treatment, or ocular treatment alone depending on the preference of the clinical center. In ocular only cases where the vitreous has been debulked to improve vision and there is no sight-threatening involvement of the RPE, orbital irradiation or intravitreal chemotherapy stabilizes the intraocular process but does not seem to modify the CNS component, which can present symptomatically in an advanced state. This is a highly malignant disease with a poor prognosis. Close collaboration with a pathologist and oncologist, and good communication with patients is essential.

Davis, J L

2013-01-01

181

Burkitt Lymphoma in the Mouse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chromosomal translocations juxtaposing the MYC protooncogene with regulatory sequences of immunoglobulin (Ig) H chain or kappa (Ig k ) or lambda (Ig l ) L chain genes and effecting de- regulated expression of MYC are the hallmarks of human Burkitt lymphoma (BL). Here we re- port that lymphomas with striking similarities to BL develop in mice bearing a mutated human

Alexander L. Kovalchuk; Chen-Feng Qi; Ted A. Torrey; Lekidelu Taddesse-Heath; Lionel Feigenbaum; Sung Sup Park; Armin Gerbitz; Gustav Klobeck; Konstanze Hoertnagel; Axel Polack; Georg W. Bornkamm; Siegfried Janz; Herbert C. Morse

2010-01-01

182

Environmental Risk Factors for Chronic Pancreatitis and Pancreatic Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chronic pancreatitis has long been thought to be mainly associated with immoderate alcohol consumption. The observation that only ?10% of heavy drinkers develop chronic pancreatitis not only suggests that other environmental factors, such as tobacco smoke, are potent additional risk factors, but also that the genetic component of pancreatitis is more common than previously presumed. Either disease-causing or protective traits

Claudia Nitsche; Peter Simon; F. Ulrich Weiss; Gabriele Fluhr; Eckhard Weber; Simone Gärtner; Claas O. Behn; Matthias Kraft; Jörg Ringel; Ali Aghdassi; Julia Mayerle; Markus M. Lerch

2011-01-01

183

Gallstone pancreatitis: positive correlation between severe pancreatitis and passed stone  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/Purpose. Little is known about whether the severity of pancreatitis depends upon persistent stone impaction or stone passage into the duodenum, and the role of endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) has remained controversial. Methods. This study reviewed our experience of 183 patients with gallstone pancreatitis, with special attention paid to the relationship between the severity of pancreatitis, the severity of coexisting biliary

Masatoshi Isogai; Akihiro Yamaguchi; Tohru Harada; Yuji Kaneoka; Junji Washizu; Kiyoshi Aikawa

2005-01-01

184

Rapid exchange of pancreatic lipase between triacylglycerol droplets.  

PubMed

Two types of experiments were performed to study the reversibility of interfacial adsorption of pancreatic lipase (PL) to fat droplets during lipolysis. Lipolysis was measured in olive oil/gum arabic emulsions containing radiolabeled triolein in the presence of bile salts and lecithin at rate-limiting concentrations of porcine PL (PPL) or human PL (HPL). The lipolysis rate in a labeled emulsion, i.e. release of [(14)C]oleic acid, was immediately reduced by around 50% upon dilution with an equal amount of an unlabeled emulsion. Further, lipolysis was rapidly and completely suppressed when a non-exchanging lipase inhibitor was present in the second emulsion. These results indicate hopping of lipase between emulsion droplets. Alternative explanations were excluded. Hopping of PL between triolein droplets stabilized with gum arabic at supramicellar bile salt concentrations was observed only in the presence, not in the absence, of lecithin. Displacement from a trioctanoin-water interface of active HPL by an inactive mutant (S152G) was studied in the presence of bile salts by measuring HPL distribution between the water phase and the oil-water interface. Colipase was limiting for HPL binding to the oil-water interface (colipase to lipase molar ratio: 0.5) and, thus, for lipolysis. Upon adding S152G, which has the same affinity for colipase, inactive and active HPL were found to compete for binding at the oil-water interface. When equal amounts of HPL and HPL S152G were used, the lipolysis rate dropped to half the maximum rate recorded with HPL alone, suggesting that half the active HPL was rapidly desorbed from the oil-water interface. Therefore, under various conditions, PL does not remain irreversibly adsorbed to the oil-water interface, but can exchange rapidly between oil droplets, via an equilibrium between soluble and lipid-bound PL. PMID:15158758

Haiker, Horst; Lengsfeld, Hans; Hadváry, Paul; Carrière, Frédéric

2004-06-01

185

Primary CNS Lymphoma: Findings Outside the Brain  

Microsoft Academic Search

In addition to the brain parenchyma and the leptomeninges, primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) can involve the posterior parts of the eye with ocular lymphoma in up to 20% of patients and lead to systemic dissemination of lymphoma in 7–8% of patients. Ocular lymphoma is diagnosed by slit lamp examination and requires treatment by ocular irradiation. However, the clinical

Ulrich Herrlinger

1999-01-01

186

Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma  

Cancer.gov

Home Cancers Selected for Study Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Last Updated: May 15, 2013 What is Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma?Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) is a lymphoid neoplasm—a cancer that affects B cells,

187

Clinical features of testicular lymphoma.  

PubMed

Testicular lymphoma is a rare condition, so large scale prospective studies are difficult to conduct. Consensus regarding standard treatment is lacking. This study retrospectively reviewed 22 patients with testicular lymphoma. One patient with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) was lost to follow-up after diagnosis. Two patients with Burkitt's lymphoma had poor outcomes regardless of treatment. Thus, we analyzed the clinical features, treatments, and outcomes of 19 patients with DLBCL. The median progression-free and overall survival was 28.3 and 36.3 months, respectively. A good response to treatment was a favorable prognostic factor. Because of the high relapse rate, the outcome is poor for testicular lymphoma. Therefore, long-term follow-up is strongly recommended. PMID:24247653

Shih, Hsuan-Jen; Shih, Lee-Yung; Chang, Hung; Wang, Po-Nan; Wu, Jin-Hou; Kuo, Ming-Chung; Hung, Yu-Shin; Dunn, Po

2014-01-01

188

Genetics Home Reference: Hereditary pancreatitis  

MedlinePLUS

... to the pancreas increase the risk of developing pancreatic cancer. The risk is particularly high in people with ... history of cancer. In affected individuals who develop pancreatic cancer, it is typically diagnosed in mid-adulthood. Complications ...

189

Pancreatic trauma: a concise review.  

PubMed

Traumatic injury to the pancreas is rare and difficult to diagnose. In contrast, traumatic injuries to the liver, spleen and kidney are common and are usually identified with ease by imaging modalities. Pancreatic injuries are usually subtle to identify by different diagnostic imaging modalities, and these injuries are often overlooked in cases with extensive multiorgan trauma. The most evident findings of pancreatic injury are post-traumatic pancreatitis with blood, edema, and soft tissue infiltration of the anterior pararenal space. The alterations of post-traumatic pancreatitis may not be visualized within several hours following trauma as they are time dependent. Delayed diagnoses of traumatic pancreatic injuries are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Imaging plays an important role in diagnosis of pancreatic injuries because early recognition of the disruption of the main pancreatic duct is important. We reviewed our experience with the use of various imaging modalities for diagnosis of blunt pancreatic trauma. PMID:24379625

Debi, Uma; Kaur, Ravinder; Prasad, Kaushal Kishor; Sinha, Saroj Kant; Sinha, Anindita; Singh, Kartar

2013-12-21

190

Loperamide-Induced Acute Pancreatitis  

PubMed Central

Acute pancreatitis is a common disease leading to hospitalizations, most often caused by gallstones or alcohol. We present a case of a patient diagnosed with acute pancreatitis considered to be due to loperamide treatment for diarrhea.

Vidarsdottir, Hanna; Moller, Pall Helgi; Bjornsson, Einar Stefan

2013-01-01

191

Pancreatic trauma: A concise review  

PubMed Central

Traumatic injury to the pancreas is rare and difficult to diagnose. In contrast, traumatic injuries to the liver, spleen and kidney are common and are usually identified with ease by imaging modalities. Pancreatic injuries are usually subtle to identify by different diagnostic imaging modalities, and these injuries are often overlooked in cases with extensive multiorgan trauma. The most evident findings of pancreatic injury are post-traumatic pancreatitis with blood, edema, and soft tissue infiltration of the anterior pararenal space. The alterations of post-traumatic pancreatitis may not be visualized within several hours following trauma as they are time dependent. Delayed diagnoses of traumatic pancreatic injuries are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Imaging plays an important role in diagnosis of pancreatic injuries because early recognition of the disruption of the main pancreatic duct is important. We reviewed our experience with the use of various imaging modalities for diagnosis of blunt pancreatic trauma.

Debi, Uma; Kaur, Ravinder; Prasad, Kaushal Kishor; Sinha, Saroj Kant; Sinha, Anindita; Singh, Kartar

2013-01-01

192

Panobinostat in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma; Post-transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia

2014-03-20

193

Epigenetic targeting in pancreatic cancer.  

PubMed

The prognosis of pancreatic cancer patients is very poor, with a 5-year survival of less than 6%. Therefore, there is an urgent need for new therapeutic options in pancreatic cancer. In the past years it became evident that deregulation of epigenetic mechanisms plays an important role in pancreatic carcinogenesis. This review focuses on the exploitation of drugs that alter histone modifications, DNA methylation and microRNA expression as options for the treatment of pancreatic cancer. PMID:24433955

van Kampen, Jasmijn G M; Marijnissen-van Zanten, Monica A J; Simmer, Femke; van der Graaf, Winette T A; Ligtenberg, Marjolijn J L; Nagtegaal, Iris D

2014-06-01

194

Molecular pathways in pancreatic carcinogenesis.  

PubMed

Pancreatic cancer is a genetic disease. Pancreatic cancers develop from one of three precursor lesions, pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN), intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs), and mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCNs), and each arises in association with distinct genetic alterations. These alterations not only provide insight into the fundamental origins of pancreatic cancer but provide ample opportunity for improving early diagnosis and management of cystic precursors. PMID:22806689

Macgregor-Das, Anne M; Iacobuzio-Donahue, Christine A

2013-01-01

195

Molecular Pathways in Pancreatic Carcinogenesis  

PubMed Central

Pancreatic cancer is a genetic disease. Pancreatic cancers develop from one of three precursor lesions, pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN), intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs), and mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCNs), and each arises in association with distinct genetic alterations. These alterations not only provide insight into the fundamental origins of pancreatic cancer but provide ample opportunity for improving early diagnosis and management of cystic precursors.

MACGREGOR-DAS, ANNE M.; IACOBUZIO-DONAHUE, CHRISTINE A.

2013-01-01

196

Pathophysiology of autoimmune pancreatitis.  

PubMed

Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a recently discovered form of pancreatitis and represents one of the diseases of the pancreas which can be cured and healed medically. International consensus diagnostic criteria have been developed, and the clinical phenotypes associated with the histopathologic patterns of lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing pancreatitis and idiopathic duct-centric pancreatitis should be referred to as type 1 and type 2 AIP, respectively. Most importantly, in type 1 AIP, the pancreatic manifestations are associated with other extrapancreatic disorders, resembling an immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related disease. In addition, the pancreas of a patient with AIP is often infiltrated by various types of immune cells; the cluster of differentiation (CD) 4 or CD8 T lymphocytes and IgG4-bearing plasma cells have been found in the pancreatic parenchyma and other involved organs in AIP and factors regulating T-cell function may influence the development of AIP. From a genetic point of view, it has also been reported that DRB1*0405 and DQB1*0401 mutations are significantly more frequent in patients with AIP when compared to those with chronic calcifying pancreatitis, and that only DQB1*0302 had a significant association with the relapse of AIP. Finally, it has been found that the polymorphic genes encoding cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4, a key negative regulator of the T-cell immune response, are associated with AIP in a Chinese population. Even if these data are not concordant, it is possible that physiological IgG4 responses are induced by prolonged antigen exposure and controlled by type 2 helper T cells. We reviewed the current concepts regarding the pathophysiology of this intriguing disease, focusing on the importance of the humoral and cellular immune responses. PMID:24891971

Pezzilli, Raffaele; Pagano, Nico

2014-02-15

197

Pathophysiology of autoimmune pancreatitis  

PubMed Central

Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a recently discovered form of pancreatitis and represents one of the diseases of the pancreas which can be cured and healed medically. International consensus diagnostic criteria have been developed, and the clinical phenotypes associated with the histopathologic patterns of lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing pancreatitis and idiopathic duct-centric pancreatitis should be referred to as type 1 and type 2 AIP, respectively. Most importantly, in type 1 AIP, the pancreatic manifestations are associated with other extrapancreatic disorders, resembling an immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related disease. In addition, the pancreas of a patient with AIP is often infiltrated by various types of immune cells; the cluster of differentiation (CD) 4 or CD8 T lymphocytes and IgG4-bearing plasma cells have been found in the pancreatic parenchyma and other involved organs in AIP and factors regulating T-cell function may influence the development of AIP. From a genetic point of view, it has also been reported that DRB1*0405 and DQB1*0401 mutations are significantly more frequent in patients with AIP when compared to those with chronic calcifying pancreatitis, and that only DQB1*0302 had a significant association with the relapse of AIP. Finally, it has been found that the polymorphic genes encoding cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4, a key negative regulator of the T-cell immune response, are associated with AIP in a Chinese population. Even if these data are not concordant, it is possible that physiological IgG4 responses are induced by prolonged antigen exposure and controlled by type 2 helper T cells. We reviewed the current concepts regarding the pathophysiology of this intriguing disease, focusing on the importance of the humoral and cellular immune responses.

Pezzilli, Raffaele; Pagano, Nico

2014-01-01

198

Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma in Asians  

PubMed Central

Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma describes a heterogeneous group of neoplasms of skin homing T cells that vary considerably in clinical presentation, histologic appearance, immunophenotype, and prognosis. This paper addresses the cutaneous T-cell lymphoma in Asians with respect to clinical-epidemiologic and histopathological features. Compared with Western countries, Asia usually has higher rates of cutaneous T-cell lymphomas such as extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, hydroa vacciniforme-like lymphoma, subcutaneous panniculitis T-cell lymphoma, and adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma and lower rates of cutaneous B-cell lymphomas. Among many variants of mycosis fungoides, hypopigmented lesions, pityriasis lichenoides-like lesions, and ichthyosiform lesions are more prevalent in Asia than in the West. Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma is endemic in southwestern Japan especially in the Kyushu island. The clinicopathologic characteristics of cutaneous lymphoma vary according to geography, and this may be ascribed to genetic and environmental etiologic factors.

Jang, Min Soo; Kang, Dong Young; Park, Jong Bin; Kim, Sang Tae; Suh, Kee Suck

2012-01-01

199

Vorinostat and Lenalidomide in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Hodgkin Lymphoma or Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma; Post-transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Testicular Lymphoma; Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia

2010-12-08

200

Chronic pancreatitis: diagnosis and treatment.  

PubMed Central

Three-dimensional magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography is currently the most exciting new imaging technique for chronic pancreatitis. Endoscopy-assisted duodenal intubation during the secretin-cholecystokinin test reduces intubation time in difficult cases. The NBT-para-amino benzoic acid test has been refined to enhance its discriminant power. The cholesteryl-[C13]octanoate breath test and the faecal elastase test are newer highly sensitive and specific tubeless tests. Pain in chronic pancreatitis continues to be a vexing therapeutic issue. Enzyme treatment continues despite criticism. Neurotensin is the new suspected mediator of the feedback mechanism, which is downregulated by enzyme therapy. Steroid ganglion block is an exciting therapeutic tool for pain relief. Endoscopic pancreatic sphincterotomy, Dormia basketing and pancreatic stenting in conjunction with extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy should be performed early in chronic pancreatitis to prevent parenchymal atrophy with ensuing exocrine and endocrine pancreatic dysfunction. The modified Puestow's procedure preserves endocrine and exocrine pancreatic functions besides relieving pain. Closed loop insulin infusion allows superior management of pancreatic diabetes following near total pancreatectomy. The standardised incidence rate of pancreatic cancer is 16.5 in patients with alcoholic chronic pancreatitis and 100 for tropical chronic pancreatitis. Aggressive treatment protocols combining neo-adjuvant chemoradiation and intra-operative radiation with surgery are being used to improve the prognosis in this dismal complication of chronic pancreatitis.

Sidhu, S.; Tandon, R. K.

1996-01-01

201

Rational Therapy of Acute Pancreatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Management of acute pancreatitis represents a challenging aspect of everyday clinical practice that requires a multimodal and interdisciplinary approach. Mild cases of acute pancreatitis are usually self-limitating and treated with fluid resuscitation, analgesics, oxygen administration, and antiemetics. In addition to this, the role of nutritional support has been established for patients with severe acute pancreatitis with more evidence demonstrating its

D. Štimac; G. Poropat

2010-01-01

202

Gadolinium induced recurrent acute pancreatitis.  

PubMed

Acute pancreatitis is a sudden swelling and inflammation of the pancreas. The two most common causes are alcohol use and biliary stones. Drug-induced acute pancreatitis are rare (1.4-2%). In this present study, we present a case of recurrent acute pancreatitis induced by a specific magnetic-resonance-imaging (MRI) contrast agent called gadobenate dimeglumine. PMID:23395575

Blasco-Perrin, H; Glaser, B; Pienkowski, M; Peron, J M; Payen, J L

2013-01-01

203

Adjuvant therapy for pancreatic cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the morbidity and mortality of pancreatic resection for cancer has been remarkably reduced during the last 20 years, there has been little change in long-term survival. Based on experience in the treatment of locally unresectable but nonmetastatic pancreatic cancer, adjuvant therapies have been devised that do have an impact on survival. The number of pancreatic resections remains low, however.

Harold O. Douglass

1995-01-01

204

Angiopathies in pancreatic diabetes resulting from chronic pancreatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Conclusions. Marked diabetic micro- and macroangiopathies were recognized in three autopsy cases with pancreatic diabetes\\u000a resulting from chronic pancreatitis.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Background. Recent reports have suggested that diabetic retinopathy occurs as one of the microangiopathies in patients with secondary\\u000a diabetes following chronic pancreatitis.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods. We report three autopsy cases with pancreatic diabetes. Cases 1 and 2 showed alcoholic chronic pancreatitis. Case 3

Hideyuki Wakasugi; Yasuhiro Hara; Muneaki Abe; Yasaburo Katsuda

1998-01-01

205

Alisertib, Bortezomib, and Rituximab in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Mantle Cell Lymphoma or B-Cell Low Grade Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

2014-06-30

206

Pancreatitis activates pancreatic apelin-APJ axis in mice  

PubMed Central

Pancreatitis is classified into acute pancreatitis (AP) and chronic pancreatitis (CP). Apelin, a small regulatory peptide, is the endogenous ligand for the APJ receptor. Apelin and APJ are expressed in the pancreas. The aims of this study were to examine whether apelin influences the inflammatory and fibrosis responses to pancreatitis in mice and to identify mechanisms behind apelin's activities. Supramaximal cerulein induction of AP or CP caused significant (P < 0.05) elevations in pancreatic apelin and APJ expression. Levels declined during the recovery phases. In apelin gene-knockout mice with pancreatitis, pancreatic neutrophil invasion and myeloperoxidase activity were enhanced significantly, and apelin treatment suppressed both. Apelin exposure reduced CP-induced elevations of extracellular matrix-associated proteins. Apelin inhibited PDGF-simulated connective tissue growth factor production and proliferation of pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs). Serum granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and keratinocyte cytokine levels were higher in apelin gene-knockout than wild-type mice with pancreatitis. Apelin reduced AP- and CP-induced elevations in pancreatic NF-?B activation. Together, these findings imply that the pancreatic apelin-APJ system functions to curb the inflammatory and fibrosis responses during pancreatitis. Furthermore, findings suggest that apelin reduces inflammation and fibrosis by reducing neutrophil recruitment and PSC activity. Inhibition of neutrophil invasion may be mediated by reduced keratinocyte cytokine and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor secretion. Apelin-induced reductions in PSC proliferation and connective tissue growth factor production are putative mechanisms underlying apelin's inhibition of extracellular matrix production. The apelin-associated changes in NF-?B binding may be linked to apelin's regulation of pancreatic inflammatory and fibrosis responses during pancreatitis.

Han, Song; Englander, Ella W.; Gomez, Guillermo A.; Aronson, Judith F.; Rastellini, Cristiana; Garofalo, R. P.; Kolli, Deepthi; Quertermous, Thomas; Kundu, Ramendra

2013-01-01

207

Elderly patients with pancreatic cancer.  

PubMed

Pancreatic cancer marked significant increase of incidence during the last decades in the elderly population. Despite the certain increase of incidence there are no international guidelines for elderly patients who are suffering from pancreatic cancer. During the ASCO Annual Meeting 2014, two abstracts focusing on elderly patients suffering from different histological types of pancreatic cancer were presented. The first retrospective study (Abstract #4119) showed the benefit of the systemic treatment on overall survival for elderly patients with stage IV pancreatic adenocarcinoma. The second retrospective study (Abstract #4112) demonstrates the positive effect of somatostatin analogue (octreotide-LAR) treatment on overall survival for elderly patients with neuroendocrine pancreatic carcinoma. PMID:25076333

Kougioumtzopoulou, Andromachi S; Syrigos, Kostas N; Saif, Muhammad Wasif

2014-01-01

208

Pathobiology of Hodgkin Lymphoma  

PubMed Central

Hodgkin’s lymphoma is a lymphoid tumour that represents about 1% of all de novo neoplasms occurring every year worldwide. Its diagnosis is based on the identification of characteristic neoplastic cells within an inflammatory milieu. Molecular studies have shown that most, if not all cases, belong to the same clonal population, which is derived from peripheral B-cells. The relevance of Epstein-Barr virus infection at least in a proportion of patients was also demonstrated. The REAL/WHO classification recognizes a basic distinction between nodular lymphocyte predominance HL (NLPHL) and classic HL (CHL), reflecting the differences in clinical presentation, behavior, morphology, phenotype, molecular features as well as in the composition of their cellular background. CHL has been classified into four subtypes: lymphocyte rich, nodular sclerosing, mixed cellularity and lymphocyte depleted. Despite its well known histological and clinical features, Hodgkin’s lymphoma (HL) has recently been the object of intense research activity, leading to a better understanding of its phenotype, molecular characteristics and possible mechanisms of lymphomagenesis.

Agostinelli, Claudio; Pileri, Stefano

2014-01-01

209

What You Need to Know about Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma  

MedlinePLUS

What You Need To Know About™ Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma In English En español Posted: 02/12/2008 ... Trials NCI Publications Español What Is Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma? Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Cells Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is ...

210

Lymphomas in solid organ transplantation  

Microsoft Academic Search

.  \\u000a \\u000a Background: The purpose of this investigation was to identify and characterize abdominal lymphomas as they occur in a large solid-organ-transplant\\u000a population.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods: A large transplant population was isolated, and all patients developing an abdominal lymphoma were identified. These patients\\u000a were further characterized after review of their medical records and radiologic examinations.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results: Twenty-eight (1%) of 2925 patients developed lymphoma

D. A. Lee; R. P. Hartman; S. W. Trenkner; J. P. Leone; R. Gruessner

1998-01-01

211

Endotherapy in chronic pancreatitis  

PubMed Central

Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a progressive disease with irreversible changes in the pancreas. Patients commonly present with pain and with exocrine or endocrine insufficiency. All therapeutic efforts in CP are directed towards relief of pain as well as the management of associated complications. Endoscopic therapy offers many advantages in patients with CP who present with ductal calculi, strictures, ductal leaks, pseudocyst or associated biliary strictures. Endotherapy offers a high rate of success with low morbidity in properly selected patients. The procedure can be repeated and failed endotherapy is not a hindrance to subsequent surgery. Endoscopic pancreatic sphincterotomy is helpful in patients with CP with minimal ductal changes while minor papilla sphincterotomy provides relief in patients with pancreas divisum and chronic pancreatitis. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy is the standard of care in patients with large pancreatic ductal calculi. Long term follow up has shown pain relief in over 60% of patients. A transpapillary stent placed across the disruption provides relief in over 90% of patients with ductal leaks. Pancreatic ductal strictures are managed by single large bore stents. Multiple stents are placed for refractory strictures. CP associated benign biliary strictures (BBS) are best treated with multiple plastic stents, as the response to a single plastic stent is poor. Covered self expanding metal stents are increasingly being used in the management of BBS though further long term studies are needed. Pseudocysts are best drained endoscopically with a success rate of 80%-95% at most centers. Endosonography (EUS) has added to the therapeutic armamentarium in the management of patients with CP. Drainage of pseudcysts, cannulation of inaccessible pancreatic ducts and celiac ganglion block in patients with intractable pain are all performed using EUS. Endotherapy should be offered as the first line of therapy in properly selected patients with CP who have failed to respond to medical therapy and require intervention.

Tandan, Manu; Reddy, D Nageshwar

2013-01-01

212

Treatment of pain in chronic pancreatitis by inhibition of pancreatic secretion with octreotide  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been suggested that pancreatic ductal hypertension, secondary to pancreatic outflow obstruction, is a cause of pain in chronic pancreatitis. This study investigated the effect of inhibiting pancreatic secretion with octreotide in chronic pancreatitis pain. Ten patients with chronic alcoholic pancreatitis and severe daily pain were included in an intraindividual double blind crossover study. All patients received octreotide (3

P Malfertheiner; D Mayer; M Büchler; J E Domínguez-Muñoz; B Schiefer; H Ditschuneit

1995-01-01

213

Solitary Main Pancreatic Ductal Calculus of Possible Biliary Origin Causing Acute Pancreatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Context Pancreatic ductal calculi are most often associated with chronic pancreatitis. Radiological features of chronic pancreatitis are readily evident in the presence of these calculi. However, acute pancreatitis due to a solitary main pancreatic ductal calculus of biliary origin is rare. Case report A 59 -year-old man presented with a first episode of acute pancreatitis. Contrast enhanced computerized tomography (CT)

Ramakrishna Prasad; Chowdary Chaparala; Rafiuddin Patel; James Ahsley Guthrie; Mervyn Huw Davies; Pierre J Guillou; Krishna V Menon

214

Primary Pancreatic Leiomyosarcoma  

PubMed Central

Primary pancreatic leiomyosarcomas are rare malignant neoplasms with an aggressive course and a large size. A 56-year-old woman presented with an 8-year history of abdominal pain. Multislice computed tomography revealed a large heterogeneous mass with necrotic, calcified and macroscopic fatty areas. The tumor was excised. Histopathological evaluation revealed leiomyosarcoma of the pancreas. If a patient has a large size mass with a cystic-necrotic component, pancreatic leiomyosarcoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis list after excluding other common differential diagnoses.

Kocakoc, Ercan; Havan, Nuri; Bilgin, Mehmet; Atay, Musa

2014-01-01

215

MS-275 and Isotretinoin in Treating Patients With Metastatic or Advanced Solid Tumors or Lymphomas  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Primary Central Nervous System Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Stage IV Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage IV Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage IV Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

2013-01-23

216

Is acute recurrent pancreatitis a chronic disease?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whether acute recurrent pancreatitis is a chronic disease is still debated and a consensus is not still reached as demonstrated by differences in the classification of acute recurrent pancreatitis. There is major evidence for considering alcoholic pancreatitis as a chronic disease ab initio while chronic pancreatitis lesions detectable in biliary acute recurrent pancreatitis (ARP) seem a casual association. Cystic fibrosis

Alberto Mariani; Pier Alberto Testoni

2008-01-01

217

Endoscopic management of acute biliary pancreatitis.  

PubMed

Acute pancreatitis represents numerous unique challenges to the practicing digestive disease specialist. Clinical presentations of acute pancreatitis vary from trivial pain to severe acute illness with a significant risk of death. Urgent endoscopic treatment of acute pancreatitis is considered when there is causal evidence of biliary pancreatitis. This article focuses on the diagnosis and endoscopic treatment of acute biliary pancreatitis. PMID:24079788

Kuo, Vincent C; Tarnasky, Paul R

2013-10-01

218

Ongoing trials in low-grade lymphoma  

PubMed Central

There are many therapies available for the management of low-grade lymphoma. With follicular lymphoma, for example, combination of chemotherapy and rituximab (immuno-chemotherapy) and consecutive maintenance therapy for 2 years is the current standard of care. To date, the most widely used regimen seems to be rituximab combined with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP). Substitution of liposomal doxorubicin in place of conventional doxorubicin may improve outcomes in this indication, although evidence for its use in low-grade lymphoma is not as relevant as in aggressive lymphoma. Bendamustine, in combination with rituximab, has shown very good efficacy and tolerability in several lymphoma types, particularly follicular lymphoma and other low-grade lymphomas. Other combinations, such as those including bortezomib and lenalidomide, are under investigation in low-grade lymphoma, and the duration of rituximab maintenance therapy following bendamustine-rituximab-containing induction is being researched by the German Study Group for Indolent Lymphoma (StiL).

Burchardt, Alexander

2011-01-01

219

CNS lymphoma: a practical diagnostic approach.  

PubMed

The concept and understanding of central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma have greatly evolved in the past few years. Better characterization of a number of lymphoproliferative neoplasms through clinical, immunophenotyping, and molecular studies is reflected in a much more complex WHO Classification of Tumours of Hematopoietic and Lymphoid Tissue. The term "primary CNS lymphoma" is now restricted to primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma confined to the CNS (and/or to the eye) that occurs in immunocompetent patients. Many other lymphoma subtypes, some of which are primary or exclusive to the CNS, such as lymphomas of the dura and immunodeficiency-associated lymphomas, are excluded from this definition. We describe the clinical and morphologic features of a diverse group of lymphomas occurring in the CNS, including primary CNS lymphoma, primary vitreoretinal lymphoma, lymphomatosis cerebri, Epstein-Barr virus-associated lymphoproliferative disorders, low-grade B-cell lymphoma, T-cell lymphoma, anaplastic large cell lymphoma, intravascular large B-cell lymphoma, and Hodgkin lymphoma. The purpose of this review is to provide a practical approach to the diagnosis of an often-challenging entity, focusing on how to maximize the use of small tissue biopsies and prevent diagnostic traps, which we have encountered with similar cases. Clinical, radiologic, and histologic examples are presented. PMID:24806301

Giannini, Caterina; Dogan, Ahmet; Salomão, Diva R

2014-06-01

220

Isolation of Diverse Structural Compartments of Natural Organic Matter from the Kolyma River Watershed in East Siberian Arctic Using DEAE-Cellulose, XAD-8 Resin, C18 and PPL Cartridges  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Natural Organic Matter (NOM) is an essential part of the global carbon cycle and plays a significant role in transport of organic carbon from terrestrial ecosystems into the World Ocean. The Arctic region is one of the most vulnerable with respect to climate change. The Kolyma River is one of the great Arctic Rivers. The particular feature of the Kolyma River watershed is its location in the continuous permafrost zone. Hence, research on structural composition of NOM in the Kolyma River basin is very important for understanding the carbon flux and NOM transformations on the way from permafrost to the Arctic Ocean under conditions of the changing climate. The purpose of this work was to isolate diverse structural compartments of NOM from permafrost mud streams and freshwater environments of the Kolyma River basin suited for further structural studies using a suite of different sorbents. Another goal was to assess applicability of these sorbents for developing a NOM fluxmeter - passive device for in situ measurement of fluxes. The following sorbents were used in this study: diethylaminoethyl (DEAE) cellulose , XAD-8 resin, Varian Bond Elute PPL and C18-cartridges. The choice of the sorbents was based on the following considerations. DEAE-cellulose is an anion-exchanging resin. It is suited the best for isolation of negatively charged NOM constituents of high and low molecular weight which represent the major part of freshwater NOM. Given positive charge inherent within the sorbent, sorption of negatively charged compartments from natural water occurs under flow through conditions without any prior treatment. This makes the DEAE cellulose very promising for in situ applications (e.g., for fluxmeter). Amberlite XAD-8 is a macroreticular resin which is used as a part of the standard protocol of International Humic Substances Society for isolation of freshwater humic substances (HS). The XAD-8 resin represents a neutral hydrophobic polymer. As a result, for isolation of HS, water should be acidified to transfer humic solutes into protonated form. The acidification step is a major disadvantage of this technique which makes it hardly suitable for in situ applications. Bond Elute C18 and PPL solid phase extraction cartridges were used for extraction of the most hydrophobic part of NOM. Both C18 and PPL demand prior acidification of water sample. Particular advantage of these sorbents is their suitability for very soft methanol elution of the sorbed sample that makes them ideal sorbents for samples aimed for structural analysis. All sorbents yielded very different recoveries of NOM of the total pool of organic carbon in the sampled water which accounted for DEAE - 85%, PPL - 65%, C18 - 65%, XAD-8 - 50%. The obtained samples were structurally characterized using elemental analysis and size exclusion chromatography. This study is part of the Polaris Project, an NSF-funded undergraduate field program based out of the Northeast Science Station in Cherskiy, Northeast Siberia (thepolarisproject.org).

Andzhushev, M.; Dubinenkov, I.; Holmes, R. M.; Hatfield, K.; Perminova, I.; Bulygina, E. B.; Konstantinov, A.

2011-12-01

221

Monoclonal Antibody Therapy and Peripheral Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Contiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Stage I Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage I Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Stage I Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage I Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage I Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage I Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage I Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage I Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage III Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage IV Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

2013-01-08

222

Ixabepilone in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Aggressive Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma

2014-05-07

223

Gemcitabine and Bendamustine in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Hodgkin's Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Adult Lymphocyte Depletion Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Lymphocyte Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Mixed Cellularity Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Nodular Lymphocyte Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Nodular Sclerosis Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma

2013-11-06

224

A Phase II Trial of Panobinostat and Lenalidomide in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Hodgkin's Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Adult Lymphocyte Depletion Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Lymphocyte Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Mixed Cellularity Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Nodular Lymphocyte Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Nodular Sclerosis Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma

2013-07-15

225

Combination Chemotherapy Followed by Radiation Therapy in Treating Young Patients With Newly Diagnosed Hodgkin's Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Childhood Favorable Prognosis Hodgkin Lymphoma; Childhood Lymphocyte Depletion Hodgkin Lymphoma; Childhood Mixed Cellularity Hodgkin Lymphoma; Childhood Nodular Sclerosis Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage I Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage II Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma

2013-10-24

226

Isolated gastric variceal bleeding caused by splenic lymphoma-associated splenic vein occlusion.  

PubMed

Isolated gastric varices (IGV) can occur in patients with left-sided portal hypertension resulting from splenic vein occlusion caused by thrombosis or stenosis. In left-sided portal hypertension, blood flows retrogradely through the short and posterior gastric veins and the gastroepiploic veins, leading to the formation of an IGV. The most common causes of splenic vein occlusion are pancreatic diseases, such as pancreatic cancer, pancreatitis, or a pseudocyst. However, various other cancers, such as colon, gastric, or renal cancers, have also been known to cause splenic vein occlusion. Our patient presented with a rare case of IGV bleeding induced by splenic lymphoma-associated splenic vein occlusion. Splenectomy, splenic artery embolization, and stenting of the splenic vein are the current treatment choices. Chemotherapy, however, is an alternative effective treatment for splenic vein occlusion caused by chemotherapy-sensitive tumors. Our patient responded well to chemotherapy with a cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunorubicin, oncovin, and prednisolone regimen, and the splenic vein occlusion resolved after the lymphoma regressed. PMID:24187474

Chen, Bao-Chung; Wang, Hong-Hau; Lin, Yu-Chieh; Shih, Yu-Lueng; Chang, Wei-Kuo; Hsieh, Tsai-Yuan

2013-10-28

227

Isolated gastric variceal bleeding caused by splenic lymphoma-associated splenic vein occlusion  

PubMed Central

Isolated gastric varices (IGV) can occur in patients with left-sided portal hypertension resulting from splenic vein occlusion caused by thrombosis or stenosis. In left-sided portal hypertension, blood flows retrogradely through the short and posterior gastric veins and the gastroepiploic veins, leading to the formation of an IGV. The most common causes of splenic vein occlusion are pancreatic diseases, such as pancreatic cancer, pancreatitis, or a pseudocyst. However, various other cancers, such as colon, gastric, or renal cancers, have also been known to cause splenic vein occlusion. Our patient presented with a rare case of IGV bleeding induced by splenic lymphoma-associated splenic vein occlusion. Splenectomy, splenic artery embolization, and stenting of the splenic vein are the current treatment choices. Chemotherapy, however, is an alternative effective treatment for splenic vein occlusion caused by chemotherapy-sensitive tumors. Our patient responded well to chemotherapy with a cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunorubicin, oncovin, and prednisolone regimen, and the splenic vein occlusion resolved after the lymphoma regressed.

Chen, Bao-Chung; Wang, Hong-Hau; Lin, Yu-Chieh; Shih, Yu-Lueng; Chang, Wei-Kuo; Hsieh, Tsai-Yuan

2013-01-01

228

Radioimmunotherapy in Mantle Cell Lymphoma  

PubMed Central

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), though characterized by the chromosomal translocation t(11; 14) (q13; q32), is a heterogeneous disease. Often termed an aggressive lymphoma in the U.S., but included in indolent lymphoma trials in Europe, MCL is not curable with standard immuno-chemotherapy. There is no single standard initial therapy for this disease. Although standard lymphoma therapies yield high response rates, relapse is inevitable. Unmet needs in MCL include better induction therapy, consolidation treatments to prolong first remission and better therapeutic options for relapsed disease. In this review, we evaluate the role of radioimmunotherapy (RIT) in MCL, a novel strategy combining monoclonal antibodies with radioisotopes to deliver radiation directly to tumour tissue, both in the frontline and relapsed setting.

Skarbnik, Alan P.; Smith, Mitchell R.

2012-01-01

229

Stages of Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma  

MedlinePLUS

... level (below 10.5). Having a high white blood cell count (15,000 or higher). Having a low lymphocyte ... 600 or less than 8% of the white blood cell count). Advanced Unfavorable Advanced unfavorable Hodgkin lymphoma is stage ...

230

If I Had - Mediastinal Lymphoma  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... In Depth In the Spotlight If I Had... Universities and Hospitals By Disease or Symptom View QuickTime ... Mediastinal Lymphoma - Dr. Jonathan W. Friedberg, M.D, University of Rochester Medical Center Back to Home Page ...

231

Burkitt Lymphoma in the Mouse  

PubMed Central

Chromosomal translocations juxtaposing the MYC protooncogene with regulatory sequences of immunoglobulin (Ig) H chain or kappa (Ig?) or lambda (Ig?) L chain genes and effecting deregulated expression of MYC are the hallmarks of human Burkitt lymphoma (BL). Here we report that lymphomas with striking similarities to BL develop in mice bearing a mutated human MYC gene controlled by a reconstructed Ig? locus encompassing all the elements required for establishment of locus control in vitro. Diffusely infiltrating lymphomas with a typical starry sky appearance occurred in multiple founders and an established line, indicating independence from positional effects. Monoclonal IgM+CD5?CD23? tumors developed from an initially polyclonal population of B cells. These results demonstrate that the phenotype of B lineage lymphomas induced by MYC dysregulation is highly dependent on cooperativity among the regulatory elements that govern expression of the protooncogene and provide a new system for studying the pathogenesis of BL.

Kovalchuk, Alexander L.; Qi, Chen-Feng; Torrey, Ted A.; Taddesse-Heath, Lekidelu; Feigenbaum, Lionel; Park, Sung Sup; Gerbitz, Armin; Klobeck, Gustav; Hoertnagel, Konstanze; Polack, Axel; Bornkamm, Georg W.; Janz, Siegfried; Morse, Herbert C.

2000-01-01

232

Primary spinal epidural Hodgkin's lymphoma  

PubMed Central

Primary spinal epidural Hodgkin's lymphoma is very rare. We will discuss the clinical features and treatment of primary spinal epidural Hodgkin's lymphoma. In this paper, a 30-year-old male patient who presented with spinal epidural tumor at the T9–11 level is reported. Subtotal resection of the tumor was performed and the histological examination of the tumor specimen revealed Hodgkin's lymphoma. All other examinations were negative for an occult disease. Six courses of chemotheraphy containing adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine and dacarbazine were given to the patient. Surgery is the first therapeutic approach in malignancies compressing the spinal cord. Hodgkin's lymphoma is a very chemo- and radio-sensitive tumor. The indications for surgery were reduced and limited to laminectomy or even biopsy only, leaving the major role to chemo- and radiotheraphy.

Yaman, Onur; Ozdemir, Nail; Sevin, Ismail Ertan; Ozer, Fusun Demircivi; Unluoglu, Saime

2013-01-01

233

MORAb-004 in Treating Young Patients With Recurrent or Refractory Solid Tumors or Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Childhood Burkitt Lymphoma; Childhood Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Childhood Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Childhood Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Noncutaneous Extranodal Lymphoma; Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma; Post-transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Childhood Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Childhood Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Childhood Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Childhood Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Childhood Small Noncleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Recurrent/Refractory Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma; Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; T-cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia; Testicular Lymphoma; Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific; Unspecified Childhood Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

2013-11-11

234

Primary lymphoma of the bladder.  

PubMed

Primary lymphomas of bladder are rare, have a good prognosis and present good response to chemotherapy. We report a case of primary lymphoma affecting the bladder of an 89-year old female patient who, despite full response to chemotherapy, presented recurrence and death 1 year after concluding the treatment. The authors emphasize the differential diagnosis due to the great differences concerning prognosis and therapeutic approach. PMID:15707515

Leite, Katia R M; Bruschini, Homero; Camara-Lopes, Luiz H

2004-01-01

235

Rituximab, Lenalidomide, and Ibrutinib in Treating Patients With Previously Untreated Stage II-IV Follicular Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Contiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma

2014-06-09

236

Hepatobiliary and pancreatic ascariasis.  

PubMed

Ascariasis is a helminthic infection of global distribution with more than 1.4 billion persons infected throughout the world. The majority of infections occur in the developing countries of Asia and Latin America. Of 4 million people infected in the United States, a large percentage are immigrants from developing countries. Ascaris-related clinical disease is restricted to subjects with heavy worm load, and an estimated 1.2 to 2 million such cases, with 20,000 deaths, occur in endemic areas per year. More often, recurring moderate infections cause stunting of linear growth, cause reduced cognitive function, and contribute to existing malnutrition in children in endemic areas. HPA is a frequent cause of biliary and pancreatic disease in endemic areas. It occurs in adult women and can cause biliary colic, acute cholecystitis, acute cholangitis, acute pancreatitis, and hepatic abscess. RPC causing hepatic duct calculi is possibly an aftermath of recurrent biliary invasion in such areas. Ultrasonography can detect worms in the biliary tract and pancreas and is a useful noninvasive technique for diagnosis and follow-up of such patients. ERCP can help diagnose biliary and pancreatic ascariasis, including ascaris in the duodenum. Also, ERCP can be used to extract worms from the biliary and pancreatic ducts when indicated. Pyrantel pamoate, mebendazole, albendazole and levamisole are effective drugs and can be used for mass therapy to control ascariasis in endemic areas. PMID:11293175

Khuroo, M S

2001-03-01

237

Novel agents in indolent lymphomas  

PubMed Central

Indolent non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas (iNHLs) include follicular lymphomas (FL), marginal-zone lymphoma, lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma/Waldenström macroglobulinemia and small lymphocytic lymphoma. First-line standard therapy in advanced, symptomatic iNHL consists of rituximab-based immunochemotherapy. The recent rediscovery of the ‘old’ chemotherapeutic agent bendamustine, an alkylating agent with a peculiar mechanism of action, has added a new effective and well-tolerated option to the therapeutic armamentarium in iNHL, increasing response rates and duration. However, patients invariably relapse and subsequent active and well-tolerated agents are needed. In recent years a large number of new targeted agents have been tested in preclinical and clinical experimentation in FL and indolent nonfollicular lymphoma (iNFL), including the new monoclonal antibodies binding CD20 or other surface antigens, immunoconjugates and bispecific antibodies. Moreover novel agents directed against intracellular processes such as proteasome inhibitors, mTOR inhibitors and agents that target the tumour microenvironment, notably the immunomodulatory agent lenalidomide, are under active clinical investigation. The development of these new drugs may change in the near future the approach to iNHL patients, leading to better tolerated and effective therapy regimens.

Merli, Michele; Ferrario, Andrea; Basilico, Claudia; Maffioli, Margherita; Caramazza, Domenica; Appio, Lorena; Arcaini, Luca

2013-01-01

238

Familial Hodgkin's lymphoma in Scandinavia.  

PubMed

From 2005 to 2010, eight families with clustering of Hodgkin's lymphoma and other lymphoproliferative disorders were found: Hodgkin's lymphoma 9 cases, chronic lymphocytic leukemia 8, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma 3, and multiple myeloma 1 case. Seven cases of Hodgkin's lymphoma, all males, were seen in pleiotropic pairs of affected family members from two successive generations; two patients were sisters. Five of the seven pairs showed sign of anticipation. The 7 males with Hodgkin's lymphoma were found in 5 patrilineal pairs and 2 matrilineal pairs; 6 parent-offspring pairs and 1 uncle-nephew pair. In contrast to the matrilineal pairs, all patrilineal pairs, apart from one family with an only child, had healthy older siblings in accordance with a birth-order effect. The association among Hodgkin's lymphoma, males, and other lymphoproliferative disorders undoubtedly reflects genotypic traits of the susceptibility. A non-Mendelian segregation is discussed comprising genomic parental imprinting and incomplete penetrance susceptibility in both familial and solitary cases. PMID:21576419

Jønsson, Viggo; Awan, Haneef; Nyquist, Emil; Maisenhølder, Martin; Johannesen, Tom B; Ly, Bernt; Tjønnfjord, Geir E

2011-01-01

239

[Particularities of Hodgkin's lymphoma].  

PubMed

A risk-adapted strategy for adult patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma is based on risk factors at diagnosis. First line chemotherapy with the gold standard ABVD regimen, with 3 or 4 courses for patients without or with risk factors, respectively, followed by radiation therapy targeting the initially affected areas (involved-field RT), at a dose of 30 Gy, is the treatment of choice for all early-stage supradiaphragmatic disease. Treatment for disseminated disease is based on chemotherapy alone. According to prognostic index, 8 cycles of ABVD or more intensive regimen like BEACOP are indicated. At the present time, clinical trials including PET scans to evaluate early response to chemotherapy, aim to treat early stages with chemotherapy alone and modern radiation techniques are being developed to restrict the target volume to initially involved nodes only. For advanced stages, PET scan may help to define optimal treatment and primary failures from first line chemotherapy. PMID:20222316

Mounier, Nicolas; Fermé, Christophe

2010-01-20

240

Brentuximab Vedotin and Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Older Patients With Previously Untreated Stage II-IV Hodgkin Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Adult Lymphocyte Depletion Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Lymphocyte Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Mixed Cellularity Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Nodular Sclerosis Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage II Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma

2014-02-26

241

Melatonin influences pancreatic cancerogenesis.  

PubMed

Pancreatic cancer has fatal prognosis because of the absence of early symptoms, late diagnosis and the resistance to radio- and chemotherapy. Melatonin, an indoleamine discovered in the pineal gland, has also been detected in the gastrointestinal system and its specific receptors have been identified in the pancreas. Some evidence indicates that melatonin could modulate the process of pancreatic oncogenesis: 1) Melatonin, as direct scavenger of radical oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS and RNS) and activator of antioxidant enzymes effectively protects the pancreatic tissue against oxidative stress and inflammatory damage. 2) In pancreatic carcinoma cell line (PANC-1) melatonin used at high doses affects the Bax/Bcl protein balance, and stimulates the expressions of caspase-9 and caspase-3, thus activating the mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis. On the contrary, low concentrations of melatonin turn on the production of anti-apoptotic heat shock proteins: HSP27, HSP70, and HSP90, which prevents the activation of caspase-3. 3) Melatonin reduces angiogenesis and decreases proliferation of endothelial cells through inhibition of vascular endothelial factor (VEGF). 4) Melatonin strengthens the immune defense of the organism via activation of peripheral effector T cells and suppression of T regulatory cells. 5) In animal studies melatonin has been found to increase the efficacy of oncostatic drugs, to reduce the side effects of chemotherapy and to decrease morbidity. These observations suggest that melatonin at high doses could be potentially taken into consideration as the supportive treatment in the therapy of pancreatic cancer, although the effect of melatonin on apoptosis requires further study. PMID:24258787

Jaworek, Jolanta; Leja-Szpak, Anna

2014-04-01

242

Characteristics of cutaneous lymphomas in Korea.  

PubMed

The clinicopathologic characteristics of malignant lymphomas vary according to geography. The aim of this study was to determine the relative frequency of cutaneous lymphomas and to examine the clinical relevance of the WHO classification in Korean cases of cutaneous lymphoma. The Korean Dermatopathology Research Group conducted a clinicopathologic review of a nationwide collection of 80 cutaneous lymphomas, diagnosed at 23 institutes over a recent 3-year period. The clinical records, haematoxylin & eosin-stained slides and immunohistochemical stains from 80 patients with malignant lymphomas of the skin were reviewed. In our study, the most frequent cutaneous lymphoma was mycosis fungoides. Compared with Western countries, Korea had higher rates of NK/T cell lymphoma and subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma and a much lower rate of B-cell lymphoma. The occurrence rates for various subtypes of malignant lymphoma in Korea are distinct from those in Western countries. The EORTC classification is not fully appropriate in dealing with Korean cases of cutaneous lymphoma, because NK/T cell lymphoma is not included in the EORTC classification for cutaneous lymphoma. PMID:14616833

Lee, M-W

2003-11-01

243

Rituxan/Bendamustine/PCI-32765 in Relapsed DLBCL, MCL, or Indolent Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia

2014-03-28

244

Everolimus and Lenalidomide in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Non-Hodgkin or Hodgkin Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma; Post-transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia

2014-03-05

245

Dendritic Cells Promote Pancreatic Viability in Mice with Acute Pancreatitis  

PubMed Central

Background & Aims Acute pancreatitis increases morbidity and mortality from organ necrosis by mechanisms that are incompletely understood. Dendritic cells (DCs) can promote or suppress inflammation, depending on their subtype and context. We investigated the roles of DC in development of acute pancreatitis. Methods Acute pancreatitis was induced in CD11c.DTR mice using caerulein or L-arginine; DCs were depleted by administration of diphtheria toxin. Survival was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier analysis. Results Numbers of MHC II+CD11c+DC increased 100-fold in pancreas of mice with acute pancreatitis, to account for nearly 15% of intra-pancreatic leukocytes. Intra-pancreatic DC acquired an immune phenotype in mice with acute pancreatitis; they expressed higher levels of MHC II and CD86 and increased production of interleukin-6, membrane cofactor protein (MCP)-1, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-?. However, rather than inducing an organ-destructive inflammatory process, DC were required for pancreatic viability; the exocrine pancreas died in mice that were depleted of DC and challenged with caerulein or L-arginine. All mice with pancreatitis that were depleted of DC died from acinar cell death within 4 days. Depletion of DC from mice with pancreatitis resulted in neutrophil infiltration and increased levels of systemic markers of inflammation. However, the organ necrosis associated with depletion of DC did not require infiltrating neutrophils, activation of NF-?B, or signaling by mitogen-activated protein kinase or TNF-?. Conclusions DC are required for pancreatic viability in mice with acute pancreatitis and might protect organs against cell stress.

Bedrosian, Andrea S.; Nguyen, Andrew H.; Hackman, Michael; Connolly, Michael K.; Malhotra, Ashim; Ibrahim, Junaid; Cieza-Rubio, Napoleon E.; Henning, Justin R.; Barilla, Rocky; Rehman, Adeel; Pachter, H. Leon; Medina-Zea, Marco V.; Cohen, Steven M.; Frey, Alan B.; Acehan, Devrim; Miller, George

2011-01-01

246

NIH study shows Burkitt lymphoma is molecularly distinct from other lymphomas  

Cancer.gov

Scientists have uncovered a number of molecular signatures in Burkitt lymphoma, including unique genetic alterations that promote cell survival, that are not found in other lymphomas. These findings provide the first genetic evidence that Burkitt lymphoma is a cancer fundamentally distinct from other types of lymphoma.

247

Signal transduction in pancreatic stellate cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pancreatic fibrosis is a characteristic feature of chronic pancreatitis and of desmoplastic reaction associated with pancreatic\\u000a cancer. For over a decade, there has been accumulating evidence that activated pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) play a pivotal\\u000a role in the development of pancreatic fibrosis in these pathological settings. In response to pancreatic injury or inflammation,\\u000a quiescent PSCs undergo morphological and functional changes

Atsushi Masamune; Tooru Shimosegawa

2009-01-01

248

Internal pancreatic stent causing irreversible dilatation of pancreatic duct.  

PubMed

A 28-year-old woman underwent a pylorus preserving Whipple procedure for pancreatic serous cystadenoma located on the head of the pancreas. During the operation, an internal stent (7F silastic catheter, 9 cm in length) was placed within the pancreatic duct in the area of pancreaticojejunal end-to-end Dunking type anastomosis to prevent development of fistula. The stent was positioned so that one third of its length would lie into the pancreatic duct, and it was anchored to the periductal pancreatic tissue with only one rapidly absorbable chromic suture. Leakage from the anastomosis was not observed, and she was discharged without any complaint. Early postoperative abdominal CT examination revealed that the stent was retained within the normal caliber pancreatic duct (Fig. 1a). Six months after the operation, she began to complain to epigastric pain triggered by the meals. The laboratory analysis was normal, particularly liver biochemical tests and serum amylase. The internal pancreatic stent within the dilated pancreatic duct was detected by an additional CT examination (Fig. 1b). The stent was removed endoscopically at the third attempt. The pain was resolved after its removal. Control CT examination which was taken at the 18th month after removal of the stent showed dilatation of the pancreatic duct (Fig. 2a). The patient remained free of any complaint, although regressed pancreatic duct dilatation has persisted over 4 years of follow-up (Fig. 2b). PMID:24799775

Hasbahceci, Mustafa; Erol, Cengiz

2014-02-01

249

Role of pancreatic stellate cells in chemoresistance in pancreatic cancer  

PubMed Central

Pancreatic cancer is highly chemoresistant. A major contributing factor is the characteristic extensive stromal or fibrotic reaction, which comprises up to 90% of the tumor volume. Over the last decade there has been intensive research into the role of the pro-fibrogenic pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) and their interaction with pancreatic cancer cells. As a result of the significant alterations in the tumor microenvironment following activation of PSCs, tumor progression, and chemoresistance is enhanced. This review will discuss how PSCs contribute to chemoresistance in pancreatic cancer.

McCarroll, Joshua A.; Naim, Stephanie; Sharbeen, George; Russia, Nelson; Lee, Julia; Kavallaris, Maria; Goldstein, David; Phillips, Phoebe A.

2014-01-01

250

Current Knowledge on Pancreatic Cancer  

PubMed Central

Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer death with a median survival of 6?months and a dismal 5-year survival rate of 3–5%. The development and progression of pancreatic cancer are caused by the activation of oncogenes, the inactivation of tumor suppressor genes, and the deregulation of many signaling pathways. Therefore, the strategies targeting these molecules as well as their downstream signaling could be promising for the prevention and treatment of pancreatic cancer. However, although targeted therapies for pancreatic cancer have yielded encouraging results in vitro and in animal models, these findings have not been translated into improved outcomes in clinical trials. This failure is due to an incomplete understanding of the biology of pancreatic cancer and to the selection of poorly efficient or imperfectly targeted agents. In this review, we will critically present the current knowledge regarding the molecular, biochemical, clinical, and therapeutic aspects of pancreatic cancer.

Iovanna, Juan; Mallmann, Maria Cecilia; Goncalves, Anthony; Turrini, Olivier; Dagorn, Jean-Charles

2012-01-01

251

Pancreatic adenocarcinoma: epidemiology and genetics.  

PubMed Central

Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is an important cause of death from cancer throughout the developed world. There are few established environmental risk factors, but a previous history of pancreatitis and exposure to tobacco and salted food appear to be the most important. A family history of pancreatic adenocarcinoma is not common in patients with this disease, but recent research has shown that pancreatic adenocarcinoma can be a feature of cancer susceptibility syndromes associated with germline mutations in p16, BRCA1, BRCA2, and APC. This highlights the need for a full family history in apparently sporadic cases. Somatic mutations in p16, BRCA2, and APC have also been reported in pancreatic cancer; however, K-RAS mutations appear to be the commonest oncogenic alteration. Recent advances in our understanding of the basis of hereditary cancer syndromes may be applicable to the diagnosis, treatment, and possibly prevention of pancreatic adenocarcinoma in the future.

Flanders, T Y; Foulkes, W D

1996-01-01

252

Second-Generation Therapeutic DNA Lymphoma Vaccines.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The overall goal of our proposal is to develop a lymphoma vaccine for clinical study. Our vaccine strategy aims to activate immune cells that can recognize and eventually eliminate tumor cells. Lymphoma uniquely expresses a tumor-specific antigen termed '...

L. W. Kwak

2008-01-01

253

Identification of a Novel Kindred with Familial Pancreatitis and Pancreatic Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/Aims: Hereditary pancreatic cancer comprises about 10% of pancreatic cancer cases. Multiple causative mutations have been identified. Here we describe a pancreatitis\\/pancreatic cancer (P\\/PC) family, which demonstrates pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer resulting from an uncharacterized mutation. Methods: Family members completed evaluations to determine signs of mutation status. Select patients were screened for mutations associated with hereditary pancreatic diseases. Results: In

Jennifer LaFemina; Penelope A. Roberts; Yin P. Hung; James F. Gusella; Dushyant Sahani; Carlos Fernández-del Castillo; Andrew L. Warshaw; Sarah P. Thayer

2009-01-01

254

Outcome of pancreatic ascites in patients with tropical calcific pancreatitis managed using a uniform treatment protocol  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pancreatic ascites or internal pancreatic fistula is a known complication of chronic pancreatitis. This condition is associated\\u000a with considerable morbidity and mortality. The management approach of pancreatic ascites in tropical calcific pancreatitis\\u000a is infrequently reported owing to the low incidence of this condition. Between December 2005 and June 2007, 11 patients with\\u000a pancreatic ascites with tropical calcific pancreatitis (male:female 7:4,

Prakash Kurumboor; Deepak Varma; Mahendra Rajan; Naduthottam Palanisami Kamlesh; Roshin Paulose; Ramesh Ganesh Narayanan; Mathew Philip

2009-01-01

255

Anti-diabetic effect of mulberry leaf polysaccharide by inhibiting pancreatic islet cell apoptosis and ameliorating insulin secretory capacity in diabetic rats.  

PubMed

Diabetes mellitus is a clinically complex disease characterized by chronic hyperglycemia with metabolic disturbances. In this study, we investigated the effect of mulberry leaf polysaccharide (MLPII) on pancreatic islet cell apoptosis and insulin secretory function in diabetic rats induced by a high fat diet and streptozotocin. Our results showed that MLPII treatment inhibited pancreatic islet cell apoptosis and ameliorated insulin secretory capacity of pancreatic ?-cells in diabetic rats. And further study demonstrated that chronic treatment of diabetic rats with MLPII resulted in up-regulation of anti-apoptotic B-cell leukaemia/lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) protein and down-regulation of pro-apoptotic Bcl2-associated X (Bax) and caspase-3 protein in pancreatic islet cells. Moreover, MLPII significantly restored pancreatic duodenal homeobox-1 (PDX-1) protein nuclear localization, and increased mRNA and protein expression of PDX-1 and its downstream targets, glucose transporter 2 (GLUT2) and glucokinase (GCK) in pancreatic islet cells of diabetic rats. These findings suggested that MLPII might play a critical role in protecting pancreatic islet cell from apoptosis via elevation of Bcl-2/Bax ratio, and ameliorating insulin secretory capacity of pancreatic ?-cells via restoration of PDX-1 nuclear localization and expression levels in diabetic rats. This is the first report to explore the potential molecular mechanism involved in the hypoglycemic activity of the polysaccharide from mulberry leaves. PMID:25023123

Zhang, Yao; Ren, Chunjiu; Lu, Guobing; Mu, Zhimei; Cui, Weizheng; Gao, Huiju; Wang, Yanwen

2014-09-01

256

A positive feedback regulation of ISL-1 in DLBCL but not in pancreatic ?-cells.  

PubMed

Insulin enhancer binding protein-1 (ISL-1), a LIM-homeodomain transcription factor, has been reported to play essential roles in promoting adult pancreatic ?-cells proliferation. Recent studies indicate that ISL-1 may also involve in the occurrence of a variety of tumors. However, whether ISL-1 has any functional effect on tumorigenesis, and what are the differences on ISL-1 function in distinct conditions, are completely unknown. In this study, we found that ISL-1 was highly expressed in human pancreatic ?-cells, as well as in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL), but to a much less extent in other normal tissues or tumor specimens. Further study revealed that ISL-1 promoted the proliferation of pancreatic ?-cells and DLBCL cells, and also accelerated the tumorigenesis of DLBCL in vivo. We also found that ISL-1 could activate c-Myc transcription not only in pancreatic ?-cells but also in DLBCL cells. However, a cell-specific feedback regulation was detectable only in DLBCL cells. This auto-regulatory loop was established by the interaction of ISL-1 and c-Myc to form an ISL-1/c-Myc transcriptional complex, and synergistically to promote ISL-1 transcription through binding on the ISL-1 promoter. Taken together, our results demonstrate a positive feedback regulation of ISL-1 in DLBCL but not in pancreatic ?-cells, which might result in the functional diversities of ISL-1 in different physiological and pathological processes. PMID:24845569

Zhang, Qiao; Yang, Zhe; Wang, Weiping; Guo, Ting; Jia, Zhuqing; Ma, Kangtao; Zhou, Chunyan

2014-07-01

257

Molecular epidemiology of pancreatic cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death in the United States. Currently there is no early diagnostic\\u000a test and no effective treatment options for this deadly disease. Prevention of pancreatic cancer is difficult because little\\u000a is known about its etiology. The main modifiable risk factors for pancreatic cancer include cigarette smoking and dietary\\u000a factors. Information from molecular

Donghui Li; Li Jiao

2003-01-01

258

Treatment of Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency is the reduced secretion of exocrine pancreatic enzymes into the duodenum. Its severity\\u000a can range from mild to moderate insufficiency, causing no symptoms to severe (?90% reduction of maximal enzyme secretion),\\u000a which causes malabsorption (1) and malnutrition and may significantly impact on morbidity and mortality (2). Causes of exocrine insufficiency include cystic fibrosis, pancreatic cancer, surgical removal

Supot Pongprasobchai; Eugene P. DiMagno

259

Advanced Imaging of Chronic Pancreatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chronic pancreatitis is characterized by continuing inflammation, destruction, and irreversible morphological changes in the\\u000a pancreatic parenchyma and ductal anatomy. These changes lead to chronic pain and\\/or loss of function. Although these definitions\\u000a are simple, the clinical diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis remains difficult to make, especially for early disease. Routine\\u000a imaging modalities such as transabdominal ultrasound and standard CT scans are

Nabil Elia Choueiri; Numan Cem Balci; Samer Alkaade; Frank R. Burton

2010-01-01

260

Oncogenic mechanisms in Burkitt lymphoma.  

PubMed

Burkitt lymphoma is a germinal center B-cell-derived cancer that was instrumental in the identification of MYC as an important human oncogene more than three decades ago. Recently, new genomics technologies have uncovered several additional oncogenic mechanisms that cooperate with MYC to create this highly aggressive cancer. The transcription factor TCF-3 is central to Burkitt lymphoma pathogenesis. TCF-3 is rendered constitutively active in Burkitt lymphoma by two related mechanisms: (1) somatic mutations that inactivate its negative regulator ID3, and (2) somatic mutations in TCF-3 that block the ability of ID3 to bind and interfere with its activity as a transcription factor. TCF-3 is also a master regulator of normal germinal center B-cell differentiation. Within the germinal center, TCF-3 up-regulates genes that are characteristically expressed in the rapidly dividing centroblasts, the putative cell of origin for Burkitt lymphoma, while repressing genes expressed in the less proliferative centrocytes. TCF-3 promotes antigen-independent (tonic) B-cell-receptor signaling in Burkitt lymphoma by transactivating immunoglobulin heavy- and light-chain genes while repressing PTPN6, which encodes the phosphatase SHP-1, a negative regulator of B-cell-receptor signaling. Tonic B-cell-receptor signaling sustains Burkitt lymphoma survival by engaging the PI3 kinase pathway. In addition, TCF-3 promotes cell-cycle progression by transactivating CCND3, encoding a D-type cyclin that regulates the G1-S phase transition. Additionally, CCND3 accumulates oncogenic mutations that stabilize cyclin D3 protein expression and drive proliferation. These new insights into Burkitt lymphoma pathogenesis suggest new therapeutic strategies, which are sorely needed in developing regions of the world where this cancer is endemic. PMID:24492847

Schmitz, Roland; Ceribelli, Michele; Pittaluga, Stefania; Wright, George; Staudt, Louis M

2014-02-01

261

[Pancreatic endocrine tumors].  

PubMed

Incidence of the endocrine tumors of the pancreas is about 4 to 10/1.000.000 peoples. We present 10 cases of endocrine pancreatic tumors which were operated in the First Surgical Clinic Ia?i in the last 20 years (1984-2003); these cases represent about 2.21% from all the pancreatic tumors (454 cases). It was 4 insulinoma, 2 gastrinoma, 2 gastrinoma associated with other endocrine neoplasia (Wermer syndrome) and 2 non-functioning endocrine pancreatic tumors. Female/men ratio was 9/1 and median age was about 41.9 yo (27-67 yo). In the four cases of insulinoma (all females) the diagnosis was delayed by two to five years due to misinterpretation of neurological symptoms generated by hypoglycemia. The diagnosis of insulinoma was based on Whipple triad, high plasma insulin levels associated with low plasma glucose levels, as well as the symptomatic relief after intravenous glucose injection. The surgical option was based on biological data, ultrasonography, computed tomography and arteriography. In two cases the localization of the insulinoma was established only by intraoperative ultrasonography. All tumors were localized in the tail of pancreas. In three cases we decided for a distal pancreatic resection with splenectomy and in one case for spleen preserving left pancreatectomy. Postoperative course was uneventful and all the symptoms disappeared. The diagnosis was confirmed on pathological examination in all cases. We also present two cases of gastrinoma with multiple ulcers and multiple surgical interventions for haemorrhage and perforation with peritonitis. Both patients died and diagnosis of pancreatic endocrine tumors was post-mortem. The two patients with Wermer syndrome also had ulcers complicated with haemorrhage and peritonitis and parathyroid adenoma. One case also had ante-hypophyseal and pituitary adenoma and the other had thyroid colloid hypertrophy. We performed left pancreatectomy with spleen preservation in one case and enucleation associated with total gastrectomy in the second case. The two cases of non-functioning pancreatic endocrine tumors had a non-specific symptoms. Diagnostic was established by abdominal ultrasound exam. We performed spleno-pancreatectomy in one case and pancreatectomy with spleen preservation in the other patient. Postoperative course was un-eventful. PMID:16752684

Târcoveanu, E; Moldovanu, R; Georgescu, St; Niculescu, D; Lupa?cu, C; Dimofte, G

2006-01-01

262

Rare primary extranodal lymphomas: diffuse large B-cell lymphomas of the genital tract  

Microsoft Academic Search

Primary non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) of the genital tract is a rare entity. Etiology and pathogenesis of these NHLs are unknown,\\u000a although there might be a possible association between chronic inflammation and lymphomas. The most common histological subtype\\u000a is the diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. We report two cases of uterine lymphoma and one case of prostate lymphoma in this paper.\\u000a The

Péter Rajnics; Judit Demeter; Judit Csomor; László Krenács; László Pajor; Balázs Kollár; Zsuzsanna Kertész; Miklós Egyed

2009-01-01

263

Dissecting the gray zone between follicular lymphoma and marginal zone lymphoma using morphological and genetic features  

PubMed Central

Nodal marginal zone lymphoma is a poorly defined entity in the World Health Organization classification, based largely on criteria of exclusion and the diagnosis often remains subjective. Follicular lymphoma lacking t(14;18) has similar characteristics which results in a major potential diagnostic overlap which this study aims to dissect. Four subgroups of lymphoma samples (n=56) were analyzed with high-resolution array comparative genome hybridization: nodal marginal zone lymphoma, t(14;18)-negative follicular lymphoma, localized t(14:18)-positive follicular lymphoma and disseminated t(14;18)-positive follicular lymphoma. Gains on chromosomes 7, 8 and 12 were observed in all subgroups. The mean number of aberrations was higher in disseminated t(14;18)-positive follicular lymphoma than in localized t(14:18)-positive follicular lymphoma (P<0.01) and the majority of alterations in localized t(14:18)-positive follicular lymphoma were also found in disseminated t(14;18)-positive follicular lymphoma. Nodal marginal zone lymphoma was marked by 3q gains with amplifications of four genes. A different overall pattern of aberrations was seen in t(14;18)-negative follicular lymphoma compared to t(14;18)-positive follicular lymphoma. t(14;18)-negative follicular lymphoma is characterized by specific (focal) gains on chromosome 3, as observed in nodal marginal zone lymphoma. Our results support the notion that localized t(14:18)-positive follicular lymphoma represents an early phase of disseminated t(14;18)-positive follicular lymphoma. t(14;18)-negative follicular lymphoma bears aberrations that are more like those in nodal marginal zone lymphoma, suggesting a relation between these groups.

Krijgsman, Oscar; Gonzalez, Patricia; Ponz, Olga Balague; Roemer, Margaretha G.M.; Slot, Stefanie; Broeks, Annegien; Braaf, Linde; Kerkhoven, Ron M.; Bot, Freek; van Groningen, Krijn; Beijert, Max; Ylstra, Bauke; de Jong, Daphne

2013-01-01

264

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: Diagnosis and Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Non-Hodgkin lymphomas are a heterogeneous group of malignan- cies of the lymphoid system. Based on the World Health Organiza- tion classification of hematological and lymphoid tumors, these diseases have been classified as B-cell and T-cell neoplasms. B- cell lymphomas account for approximately 90% of all lymphomas, and the 2 most common histological disease entities are follicular lymphoma and diffuse large

STEPHEN M. ANSELL; JAMES ARMITAGE

2005-01-01

265

Acute pancreatitis: the stress factor.  

PubMed

Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory disorder of the pancreas that may cause life-threatening complications. Etiologies of pancreatitis vary, with gallstones accounting for the majority of all cases, followed by alcohol. Other causes of pancreatitis include trauma, ischemia, mechanical obstruction, infections, autoimmune, hereditary, and drugs. The main events occurring in the pancreatic acinar cell that initiate and propagate acute pancreatitis include inhibition of secretion, intracellular activation of proteases, and generation of inflammatory mediators. Small cytokines known as chemokines are released from damaged pancreatic cells and attract inflammatory cells, whose systemic action ultimately determined the severity of the disease. Indeed, severe forms of pancreatitis may result in systemic inflammatory response syndrome and multiorgan dysfunction syndrome, characterized by a progressive physiologic failure of several interdependent organ systems. Stress occurs when homeostasis is threatened, and stressors can include physical or mental forces, or combinations of both. Depending on the timing and duration, stress can result in beneficial or harmful consequences. While it is well established that a previous acute-short-term stress decreases the severity of experimentally-induced pancreatitis, the worsening effects of chronic stress on the exocrine pancreas have received relatively little attention. This review will focus on the influence of both prior acute-short-term and chronic stress in acute pancreatitis. PMID:24914340

Binker, Marcelo G; Cosen-Binker, Laura I

2014-05-21

266

Chemoprevention strategies for pancreatic cancer  

PubMed Central

Pancreatic cancer has a poor prognosis and it is often diagnosed at advanced stages, which makes it very difficult to treat. The low survival rate of patients with pancreatic cancer points toward an increased need for novel therapeutic and chemopreventive strategies and early detection. Increased consumption of fruits and vegetables has been associated with a reduced risk of pancreatic cancer. Both synthetic as well as natural, diet-derived bioactive compounds have been evaluated as pancreatic cancer chemopreventive agents and have been shown to have various degrees of efficacy in cellular and in vivo animal models. Some chemopreventive agents (for example curcumin, resveratrol, B-DIM) have also been reported to sensitize pancreatic cancer cells to standard chemotherapeutic drugs (for example gemcitabine or erlotinib), which suggests the potential use of chemopreventive agents as potentiators of standard chemotherapy. Very few clinical trials with pancreatic cancer chemopreventive agents have been completed and some are in early phases. Further development of pancreatic cancer chemopreventive agents may prove to be tremendously valuable for individuals at high-risk of developing pancreatic cancer and patients who present with premalignant lesions. This Review discusses the current state of the pancreatic cancer chemoprevention field and highlights the challenges ahead.

Stan, Silvia D.; Singh, Shivendra V.; Brand, Randall E.

2010-01-01

267

Gene therapy for pancreatitis pain.  

PubMed

Pancreatic cancer and chronic pancreatitis are clinical syndromes associated with severe pain that is difficult to manage. Thus, seeking additional pain reduction therapies is warranted. Excessive alcohol consumption over an extended period of time is the primary causal agent in pancreatitis. The efficacy of a replication defective Herpes (HSV-1, DPE) viral vector construct encoding the human preproenkephalin gene (HSV-Enk), used as a molecular therapy for alleviation of pancreatitis pain, is reviewed here. The characteristics of the gene therapy treatment for inflammation and pain-related behavior in two alcoholic pancreatitis animal models is described. Significant analgesia and protection of pancreatic tissue was provided for the duration of the transgene expression (approximately 4-6 weeks). These studies establish a basis for use of HSV-based gene therapy for chronic visceral pain. Targeted enkephalin gene therapy approaches are providing clear promise for pain control. As innovative means of significantly reducing pancreatic inflammation and preserving tissue architecture, they may extend their clinical usefulness for pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer pain patients. PMID:19262610

Westlund, K N

2009-04-01

268

[Latest advances in chronic pancreatitis].  

PubMed

This article summarizes some of the recent and clinically relevant advances in chronic pancreatitis. These advances mainly concern knowledge of the etiopathogenesis of the disease, the pharmacological treatment of pain, and knowledge of the natural history of autoimmune pancreatitis. New evidence supports the relatively low prevalence of chronic alcoholic pancreatitis, and the role of tobacco in triggering the etiopathogenic mechanisms of chronic pancreatitis is better understood. Some studies have identified certain factors that are associated with having a positive genetic test in adults with chronic idiopathic pancreatitis, which should help to select those patients who should undergo genetic studies. Antioxidant therapy has been shown to be effective in reducing pain secondary to chronic pancreatitis, although the type and optimal dose of antioxidants remains to be elucidated. Finally, the development of exocrine and endocrine pancreatic insufficiency is a very common finding during the long-term follow-up of patients with autoimmune pancreatitis. Smoking also seems to play a role in this type of pancreatitis. PMID:24160957

Domínguez-Muñoz, J Enrique

2013-10-01

269

Early management of acute pancreatitis.  

PubMed

Acute pancreatitis is the most common gastro-intestinal indication for acute hospitalization and its incidence continues to rise. In severe pancreatitis, morbidity and mortality remains high and is mainly driven by organ failure and infectious complications. Early management strategies should aim to prevent or treat organ failure and to reduce infectious complications. This review addresses the management of acute pancreatitis in the first hours to days after onset of symptoms, including fluid therapy, nutrition and endoscopic retrograde cholangiography. This review also discusses the recently revised Atlanta classification which provides new uniform terminology, thereby facilitating communication regarding severity and complications of pancreatitis. PMID:24160930

Schepers, Nicolien J; Besselink, Marc G H; van Santvoort, Hjalmar C; Bakker, Olaf J; Bruno, Marco J

2013-10-01

270

Acute pancreatitis: The stress factor  

PubMed Central

Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory disorder of the pancreas that may cause life-threatening complications. Etiologies of pancreatitis vary, with gallstones accounting for the majority of all cases, followed by alcohol. Other causes of pancreatitis include trauma, ischemia, mechanical obstruction, infections, autoimmune, hereditary, and drugs. The main events occurring in the pancreatic acinar cell that initiate and propagate acute pancreatitis include inhibition of secretion, intracellular activation of proteases, and generation of inflammatory mediators. Small cytokines known as chemokines are released from damaged pancreatic cells and attract inflammatory cells, whose systemic action ultimately determined the severity of the disease. Indeed, severe forms of pancreatitis may result in systemic inflammatory response syndrome and multiorgan dysfunction syndrome, characterized by a progressive physiologic failure of several interdependent organ systems. Stress occurs when homeostasis is threatened, and stressors can include physical or mental forces, or combinations of both. Depending on the timing and duration, stress can result in beneficial or harmful consequences. While it is well established that a previous acute-short-term stress decreases the severity of experimentally-induced pancreatitis, the worsening effects of chronic stress on the exocrine pancreas have received relatively little attention. This review will focus on the influence of both prior acute-short-term and chronic stress in acute pancreatitis.

Binker, Marcelo G; Cosen-Binker, Laura I

2014-01-01

271

Clinical and secretory differences in pancreatic cancer and chronic pancreatitis.  

PubMed Central

The differential diagnosis between chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer can be very difficult. In 60 patients with either of these conditions, who had satisfactory ERCP study, clinical features were correctly matched with the final diagnosis by discriminant analysis in 44 (73%). The sensitivity of ERCP radiographic findings in pancreatic cancer was 80% and sensitivity of cytology was 54%. To see if exocrine function was specific for cancer, fresh pancreatic secretions were aspirated in 27 patients at the time of ERCP. By isoelectric focusing, a pattern of extreme zymogen depletion was observed in chronic alcoholic pancreatitis (Group 1), pancreatic cancer (Group 2), and chronic nonalcoholic pancreatitis (Group 3). The three groups were not distinguishable. By contrast, significant changes in albumin, IgG and IgA concentrations were seen in Group 2. The albumin level was over ten-fold greater than in Groups 1 and 3 (p less than 0.02 and less than 0.05). The IgG was seven-fold and two-fold greater (p less than 0.01 and greater than 0.2) and the IgA was 15-fold and six-fold greater (p less than 0.002 and less than 0.05) than in Groups 1 and 3, respectively. The two groups of pancreatitis had similar concentrations of albumin and IgA. The ratio of albumin to IgG was also different in Group 2 from the other groups, suggesting different mechanisms for the appearance of proteins in pancreatic secretions. Nonzymogen protein levels can distinguish chronic pancreatitis from pancreatic cancer, and further study of them may identify useful tumor-specific markers. Images Fig. 2.

Goodale, R L; Condie, R M; Gajl-Peczalska, K; Taylor, T; O'Leary, J; Dressel, T; Borner, J W; Frick, M P; Fryd, D S

1981-01-01

272

Cell death in pancreatitis: caspases protect from necrotizing pancreatitis.  

PubMed

Mechanisms of cell death in pancreatitis remain unknown. Parenchymal necrosis is a major complication of pancreatitis; also, the severity of experimental pancreatitis correlates directly with necrosis and inversely with apoptosis. Thus, shifting death responses from necrosis to apoptosis may have a therapeutic value. To determine cell death pathways in pancreatitis and the possibility of necrosis/apoptosis switch, we utilized the differences between the rat model of cerulein pancreatitis, with relatively high apoptosis and low necrosis, and the mouse model, with little apoptosis and high necrosis. We found that caspases were greatly activated during cerulein pancreatitis in the rat but not mouse. Endogenous caspase inhibitor X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) underwent complete degradation in the rat but remained intact in the mouse model. Furthermore, XIAP inhibition with embelin triggered caspase activation in the mouse model, implicating XIAP in caspase blockade in pancreatitis. Caspase inhibitors decreased apoptosis and markedly stimulated necrosis in the rat model, worsening pancreatitis parameters. Conversely, caspase induction with embelin stimulated apoptosis and decreased necrosis in mouse model. Thus, caspases not only mediate apoptosis but also protect from necrosis in pancreatitis. One protective mechanism is through degradation of receptor-interacting protein (RIP), a key mediator of "programmed" necrosis. We found that RIP was cleaved (i.e. inactivated) in the rat but not the mouse model. Caspase inhibition restored RIP levels; conversely, caspase induction with embelin triggered RIP cleavage. Our results indicate key roles for caspases, XIAP, and RIP in the regulation of cell death in pancreatitis. Manipulating these signals to change the pattern of death responses presents a therapeutic strategy for treatment of pancreatitis. PMID:16339139

Mareninova, Olga A; Sung, Kai-Feng; Hong, Peggy; Lugea, Aurelia; Pandol, Stephen J; Gukovsky, Ilya; Gukovskaya, Anna S

2006-02-10

273

Lymphoma presenting as a necrotic colonic mass  

PubMed Central

Primary colonic lymphomas represent a rare minority among the colonic neoplasms. Their correct pre-operative identification is crucial for the design of treatment. We herein describe a case of a colonic lymphoma presenting as a necrotic colonic mass and we discuss the current evidence about the presentation, diagnosis and treatment of lymphomas isolated to the colon.

Konstantinidis, Ioannis T; Probstfeld, Michael R

2012-01-01

274

Bilateral adrenal lymphoma presenting as Addison's disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe an unusual case of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the adrenals which presented as Addison's disease. Examination of tissue taken by computed tomography guided biopsy revealed a high grade B cell centroblastic lymphoma. The patient was treated with chemotherapy but died from invasive aspergillosis. Autopsy confirmed bilateral adrenal involvement by lymphoma.

A. Pagliuca; D. S. Gillett; J. R. Salisbury; R. N. Basu; G. J. Mufti

1989-01-01

275

Sinonasal T cell lymphoma: a case report.  

PubMed

Sinonasal lymphomas are aggressive locally destructive midfacial necrotizing lesions. Most of them initially diagnosed as lethal midline granulomas, a term which is slowly replaced by sinonasal lymphoma. Here is one such case report of sinonasal T cell lymphoma where there was a difficulty in diagnosis and required an incisional biopsy. PMID:22754825

Shetty, Deviprasad; Aroor, Rajeshwari; Somayaji, K S Gangadhara; Tahir, Mohammed; Mohammad, N A

2011-07-01

276

The Future of Primary Intraocular Lymphoma (Retinal Lymphoma)  

PubMed Central

Basic science and clinical investigations in cancer research have contributed to our understanding of the genetic causes of various neoplasms and discovery of novel therapeutic interventions to fight malignancies such as lymphoma. During this exciting time, we have witnessed the advent of new technologies to further characterize primary intraocular lymphoma (PIOL), or retinal lymphoma, which is selected as the first “Disease of the Year” by Ocular Immunology and Inflammation. Different comprehensive aspects of PIOL, including epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, pathophysiology, therapy, and animal models are discussed. The future of PIOL holds an opportunity to really understand the unique cytologic, histopathologic, physiological and immunologic features, as well as the genotypic traits (gene expression, interaction, polymorphism, epigenetics, etc.) and epidemiology. This information will empower us to truly make a difference in patients’ managements with this devastating disease. While most of this technology already exists, much work still needs to be done to make translational therapy a reality for PIOL patients in the future.

Chan, Chi-Chao; Fisson, Sylvain; Bodaghi, Bahram

2010-01-01

277

Management of acute pancreatitis.  

PubMed

Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common medical condition with extensive morbidity and mortality. Approximately 210,000 Americans are hospitalized each year; and 5% of patients with AP will die. It is also an expensive condition, costing 2.6 billion dollars (United States) in 2009 alone. Moreover, the incidence is increasing - the National Hospital Discharge Survey showed hospitalizations increased from 78 per 100,000 in 2007 to 90 per 100,000 just three years later in 2010. There is no proven pharmacologic entity to treat the inflammatory response associated with acute pancreatitis; supportive care with IV fluids, bowel rest and pain control are the mainstays of therapy. Recently, new developments to help increase survival and minimize morbidity with several key interventions have been investigated. This summary highlights new studies and meta-analyses to provide current opinion on treatment of this morbid condition. PMID:24766182

Goldenberg, David E; Gordon, Stuart R; Gardner, Timothy B

2014-08-01

278

Primary pancreatic echinococcosis.  

PubMed

Hydatid disease is an endemic and common zoonosis in India. Liver is the most common site of infection. However, extra hepatic primary pancreatic hydatid cyst is rare. We report a case of primary hydatid cyst in the tail of pancreas compressing the adjacent organs in a 43-year-old male who presented with abdominal mass and was diagnosed as pancreatic cyst/splenic cyst by ultrasonography. Computed tomography of abdomen revealed a large cystic lesion in the tail of pancreas suggestive of a pseudocyst of pancreas. The case was managed surgically by splenectomy and distal pancreatectomy with albendazole therapy. Microbiological Investigations of aspirated fluid revealed free hooklets and invaginated scolices of Echinococcus granulosus, which was correlated with histopathological findings. PMID:24471002

Yarlagadda, Padmaja; Yenigalla, Bindu Madhav; Penmethsa, Uma; Myneni, Ramesh Babu

2013-07-01

279

Gastrinoma (Duodenal and Pancreatic)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gastrinomas are neuroendocrine tumors (NETs), usually located in the duodenum or pancreas, that secrete gastrin and cause a clinical syndrome known as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (ZES). ZES is characterized by gastric acid hypersecretion resulting in severe acid-related peptic disease (peptic ulcer disease, PUD; gastro-esophageal reflux disease, GERD) [1–3] and diarrhea. In this section ZES, due to both duodenal and pancreatic gastrinomas,

Robert T. Jensen; Bruno Niederle; Emmanuel Mitry; John K. Ramage; Thomas Steinmüller; V. Lewington; Aldo Scarpa; Anders Sundin; Aurel Perren; David Gross; Juan M. O’Connor; Stanislas Pauwels; Günter Klöppel

2006-01-01

280

Accuracy of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration in the suspicion of pancreatic metastases  

PubMed Central

Background Metastases to the pancreas are rare, and usually mistaken for primary pancreatic cancers. This study aimed to describe the histology results of solid pancreatic tumours obtained by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) for diagnosis of metastases to the pancreas. Methods In a retrospective review, patients with pancreatic solid tumours and history of previous extrapancreatic cancer underwent EUS-FNA from January/1997 to December/2010. Most patients were followed-up until death and some of them were still alive at the end of the study. The performance of EUS-FNA for diagnosis of pancreatic metastases was analyzed. Symptoms, time frame between primary tumour diagnosis and the finding of metastases, and survival after diagnosis were also analyzed. Results 37 patients underwent EUS-FNA for probable pancreas metastases. Most cases (65%) presented with symptoms, especially upper abdominal pain (46%). Median time between detection of the first tumour and the finding of pancreatic metastases was 36 months. Metastases were confirmed in 32 (1.6%) cases, 30 of them by EUS-FNA, and 2 by surgery. Other 5 cases were non-metastatic. Most metastases were from lymphoma, colon, lung, and kidney. Twelve (32%) patients were submitted to surgery. Median survival after diagnosis of pancreatic metastases was 9 months, with no difference of survival between surgical and non-surgical cases. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and accuracy of EUS-FNA with histology analysis of the specimens for diagnosis of pancreatic metastases were, respectively, 93.8%, 60%, 93.8%, 60% and 89%. Conclusion EUS-FNA with histology of the specimens is a sensitive and accurate method for definitive diagnosis of metastatic disease in patients with a previous history of extrapancreatic malignancies.

2013-01-01

281

Interleukin-12 in Treating Patients With Previously Treated Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma or Hodgkin's Disease  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

2013-01-22

282

Immunohistochemistry of Pancreatic Neoplasia  

PubMed Central

Immunohistochemistry (IHC) is a valuable tool to visualize the distribution and localization of specific cellular components within morphologically preserved tissue sections or cell preparations. It combines the histologic morphology of tissues for detecting the actual antigen distribution, specificity of antibody–antigen interaction for optimal detection, and sensitivity of immunochemical methods for assessing the amount of antigen in tissues. It is routinely used clinically to diagnose type (benign or malignant), stage, and grade of cancer using specific tumor markers. The application of IHC ranges from disease diagnosis and prognosis to drug development and analysis of the pathobiological roles of various molecular players during disease development. Due to better availability of highly specific antibodies and optimal methodologies for performing immunohistochemical studies, IHC is being used at an expanding rate to understand pancreatic tumor biology as well as to study the fate of various molecular markers during the initiation, progression, and metastasis of pancreatic neoplasia. Herein, we describe the detailed protocol for IHC analyses of pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia in tissues and fine needle aspirates from both human and mouse samples.

Kaur, Sukhwinder; Shimizu, Tomohiro; Baine, Michael J.; Kumar, Sushil; Batra, Surinder K.

2013-01-01

283

Cure of incurable lymphoma  

SciTech Connect

The most potent method for augmenting the cytocidal power of monoclonal antibody (MAb) treatment is to conjugate radionuclides to the MAb to deliver systemic radiotherapy (radioimmunotherapy; RIT). The antigen, MAb, and its epitope can make a difference in the performance of the drug. Additionally, the radionuclide, radiochemistry, chelator for radiometals and the linker between the MAb and chelator can have a major influence on the performance of drugs (radiopharmaceuticals) for RIT. Smaller radionuclide carriers, such as antibody fragments and mimics, and those used for pretargeting strategies, have been described and evaluated. All of these changes in the drugs and strategies for RIT have documented potential for improved performance and patient outcomes. RIT is a promising new therapy that should be incorporated into the management of patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) soon after these patients have proven incurable. Predictable improvements using better drugs, strategies, and combinations with other drugs seem certain to make RIT integral to the management of patients with NHL, and likely lead to cure of currently incurable NHL.

De Nardo, Gerald L. [Radiodiagnosis and Therapy, Division of Hematology/Oncology, University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA (United States)]. E-mail: gldenardo@ucdavis.edu; Sysko, Vladimir V. [Radiodiagnosis and Therapy, Division of Hematology/Oncology, University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA (United States); De Nardo, Sally J. [Radiodiagnosis and Therapy, Division of Hematology/Oncology, University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA (United States)

2006-10-01

284

Pancreatic stenting prevents pancreatitis after biliary sphincterotomy in patients with sphincter of Oddi dysfunction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background & Aims: Patients with sphincter of Oddi dysfunction are at high risk of developing pancreatitis after endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy. Impaired pancreatic drainage caused by pancreatic sphincter hypertension is the likely explanation for this increased risk. A prospective, randomized controlled trial was conducted to determine if ductal drainage with pancreatic stenting protects against pancreatitis after biliary sphincterotomy in patients with

Paul R. Tarnasky; Yuko Y. Palesch; John T. Cunningham; Patrick D. Mauldin; Peter B. Cotton; Robert H. Hawes

1998-01-01

285

Acute Suppuration of the Pancreatic Duct in a Patient with Tropical Pancreatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/Aim: Pancreatic sepsis secondary to infected necrosis, pseudocyst, or pancreatic abscess is a well-known clinical entity. Acute suppuration of the pancreatic duct (ASPD) in the setting of chronic calcific pancreatitis and pancreatic ductal obstruction with septicemia is a rare complication that is seldom reported. It is our aim to report a case of ASPD with Klebsiella ornithinolytica, in the absence

Liliane S. Deeb; Jasmeet Bajaj; Sandeep Bhargava; David Alcid; C. S. Pitchumoni

2008-01-01

286

Pancreatic polypepetide inhibits pancreatic enzyme secretion via a cholinergic pathway  

SciTech Connect

In rat pancreatic slices, rat pancreatic polypeptide (PP) or C-terminal hexapeptide of PP (PP-(31-36)) inhibited potassium-stimulated amylase release in a dose-dependent manner. The inhibition was unaffected by addition of hexamethonium but blocked by atropine. In contrast, PP-(31-36) did not have any effect on acetylcholine- or cholecystokinin octapeptide-stimulated amylase release. In addition, when pancreatic slices were incubated with ({sup 3}H)choline, PP-(31-36) inhibited the potassium-evoked release of synthesized ({sup 3}H)acetylcholine in a dose-dependent manner. The inhibitory action of PP was unaffected by adrenergic, dopaminergic, or opioid receptor antagonists. Thus PP inhibits pancreatic enzyme secretion via presynaptic modulation of acetylcholine release. This newly identified pathway provides a novel mechanism for hormonal inhibition of pancreatic enzyme secretion via modulation of the classic neurotransmitter function.

Jung, G.; Louie, D.S.; Owyang, C. (Univ. of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor (USA))

1987-11-01

287

Cutaneous features of intravascular lymphoma.  

PubMed

Intravascular lymphoma (IVL) is a subset of extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma, with an estimated incidence of <1 case per million people. It is characterised by extensive proliferation of lymphoma cells within small to medium-sized blood vessels. Most IVLs are B-cell tumours. IVL can present primarily in any organ system, including the skin. The disease is often disseminated at diagnosis. The overall mortality rate is thought to be >80%, and >50% of patients are diagnosed at postmortem examination. There is wide variability in the clinical appearance of cutaneous lesions, which may simulate inflammatory skin disease. Therefore, awareness by dermatologists is important to enable early diagnosis when cutaneous signs are present. We report two patients with unexplained systemic disease and a skin eruption, leading to the diagnosis of IVL, and outline the range of cutaneous features reported. PMID:21418271

Wahie, S; Dayala, S; Husain, A; Summerfield, G; Hervey, V; Langtry, J A A

2011-04-01

288

Pitfalls in the diagnosis of cutaneous lymphoma.  

PubMed

Cutaneous lymphomas are primarily classified as cutaneous T-cell/natural killer (NK) cell lymphomas and B-cell lymphomas; their classification being of utmost importance for prognostic and therapeutic purposes. Despite certain distinguishing attributes related to both these categories of lymphomas, considerable overlaps and deviations from the usual features exist and can lead to misclassification. The objective of this review is to discuss the various pitfalls involving morphology, immunohistochemistry, and gene rearrangement studies, all of which pose challenges in classifying cutaneous lymphomas as either the T-cell/natural killer cell or B-cell type. PMID:24366200

Batrani, Meenakshi; Bhawan, Jag

2014-01-01

289

Oblimersen and Gemcitabine in Treating Patients With Advanced Solid Tumor or Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Stage IV Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage IV Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific

2013-01-24

290

Alvocidib, Fludarabine Phosphate, and Rituximab in Treating Patients With Lymphoproliferative Disorders or Mantle Cell Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

B-cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Contiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Progressive Hairy Cell Leukemia, Initial Treatment; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage I Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Stage I Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage I Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage I Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage I Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage I Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Stage II Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Stage III Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Stage III Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage III Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Stage IV Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Stage IV Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage IV Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Untreated Hairy Cell Leukemia; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

2013-06-03

291

Beer and its Non-Alcoholic Compounds: Role in Pancreatic Exocrine Secretion, Alcoholic Pancreatitis and Pancreatic Carcinoma  

PubMed Central

In this article we provide an overview of the newest data concerning the effect of non-alcoholic constituents of alcoholic beverages, especially of beer, on pancreatic secretion, and their possible role in alcoholic pancreatitis and pancreatic carcinoma. The data indicate that non-alcoholic constituents of beer stimulate pancreatic enzyme secretion in humans and rats, at least in part, by direct action on pancreatic acinar cells. Some non-alcoholic compounds of beer, such as quercetin, resveratrol, ellagic acid or catechins, have been shown to be protective against experimentally induced pancreatitis by inhibiting pancreatic secretion, stellate cell activation or by reducing oxidative stress. Quercetin, ellagic acid and resveratrol also show anti-carcinogenic potential in vitro and in vivo. However, beer contains many more non-alcoholic ingredients. Their relevance in beer-induced functional alterations of pancreatic cells leading to pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer in humans needs to be further evaluated.

Gerloff, Andreas; Singer, Manfred V; Feick, Peter

2010-01-01

292

Flavopiridol in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Lymphoma or Multiple Myeloma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Adult Lymphocyte Depletion Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Lymphocyte Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Mixed Cellularity Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Nodular Sclerosis Hodgkin Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Refractory Multiple Myeloma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage I Multiple Myeloma; Stage II Multiple Myeloma; Stage III Multiple Myeloma; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

2013-12-06

293

Alisertib With and Without Rituximab in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

2013-11-06

294

Follicular lymphoma-like B cells of uncertain significance (in situ follicular lymphoma) may infrequently progress, but precedes follicular lymphoma, is associated with other overt lymphomas and mimics follicular lymphoma in flow cytometric studies  

PubMed Central

In situ follicular lymphoma, more recently known as follicular lymphoma-like B cells of uncertain/undetermined significance is well accepted. However, the morphological criteria have evolved since it was first described and data are limited and conflicting regarding its clinical implications and whether the extent of involvement predicts an association with overt lymphoma. It is also unknown how often it will be identified by flow cytometric studies and how often it precedes overt follicular lymphomas. A multiparameter study of 31 biopsies with follicular lymphoma-like B cells of uncertain significance and 4 ‘benign’ lymph node biopsies that preceded an overt follicular lymphoma was, therefore, performed. Fifty-two percent of biopsies with follicular lymphoma-like B cells were associated with a prior or concurrent lymphoma but only 6% subsequently developed lymphoma (median follow up 26 months). Neither the number, proportion or density of BCL2+ germinal centers were associated with overt follicular lymphoma/diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Flow cytometric studies identified follicular lymphoma-like B cells in 8 of 15 evaluable cases. The proportion but not the absolute number of BCL2+ germinal centers was associated with the likelihood of positive flow cytometric studies (P<0.01). All 4 ‘benign’ biopsies that preceded an overt follicular lymphoma demonstrated follicular lymphoma-like B cells. Thus, although few patients with follicular lymphoma-like B cells of uncertain significance progress within the follow-up period, it at least precedes many follicular lymphomas. The extent of involvement does not predict the occurrence of prior or concurrent lymphomas. Flow cytometric studies demonstrating follicular lymphoma-like B cells must not be over-interpreted as they may only reflect follicular lymphoma-like B cells.

Pillai, Raju K.; Surti, Urvashi; Swerdlow, Steven H.

2013-01-01

295

Pancreatic cancer biology and genetics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is an aggressive and devastating disease, which is characterized by invasiveness, rapid progression and profound resistance to treatment. Advances in pathological classification and cancer genetics have improved our descriptive understanding of this disease; however, important aspects of pancreatic cancer biology remain poorly understood. What is the pathogenic role of specific gene mutations? What is the cell of

Nabeel Bardeesy; Ronald A. DePinho

2002-01-01

296

Practical Guidelines for Acute Pancreatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: The following is a summary of the official guidelines of the Italian Association for the Study of the Pancreas regarding the medical, endoscopic and surgical management of acute pancreatitis. Statements: Clinical features together with elevation of the plasma concentrations of pancreatic enzymes are the cornerstones of diagnosis (recommendation A). Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) provides good evidence for the presence

R. Pezzilli; A. Zerbi; V. Di Carlo; C. Bassi; G. F. Delle Fave

2010-01-01

297

Nutrition Support in Acute Pancreatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary In the majority (80%) of patients with acute pancreatitis, the disease is self limiting and, after a few days of withholding feeding and intravenous administration of fluids, patients can again be normally fed orally. In a small percentage of patients, the disease progresses to severe necrotic pancreatitis, with an intense systemic inflammatory response and often with multiple organ dysfunction

Orestis Ioannidis; Athina Lavrentieva; Dimitrios Botsios

298

Pancreatogenic Diabetes after Pancreatic Resection  

Microsoft Academic Search

The loss of pancreatic parenchyma resulting from pancreatic resection causes an extreme disruption of glucose homeostasis known as pancreatogenic diabetes. This form of glucose intolerance is different from the other forms of diabetes mellitus in that affected individuals suffer frequent episodes of iatrogenic hypoglycemia. The development of sophisticated surgical procedures, improved postoperative care, and the capacity for early diagnosis of

Hiromichi Maeda; Kazuhiro Hanazaki

2011-01-01

299

Parathyroid crisis and necrotising pancreatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  An association between hyperparathyroidism and acute pancreatitis has long been postulated and necrotising pancreatitis in\\u000a the presence of parathyroid crisis has been almost invariably fatal in the past. We report a second survivor with these diseases\\u000a and discuss the management of hypercalcaemia and the role of emergency parathyroidectomy.

M. K. O’Malley; S. Murphy; L. McMullen; H. F. Given

1988-01-01

300

Rare Functioning Pancreatic Endocrine Tumors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pancreatic endocrine tumors (PETs) represent a heterogeneous group of tumors depending on functional status and histological differentiation. Functioning tumors are defined when clinical symptoms are related to peptide\\/hormone overproduction. Tumors secreting pancreatic polypeptide, human chronic gonadotrophin subunits, calcitonin, neurotensin or other peptides do not usually produce specific symptoms and should be considered as non-functioning tumors. In addition, it is important

Dermot O’Toole; Ramon Salazar; Massimo Falconi; Gregory Kaltsas; Anne Couvelard; Wouter W. de Herder; Rudolf Hyrdel; George Nikou; Eric Krenning; Marie-Pierre Vullierme; Martin Caplin; Robert Jensen; Barbro Eriksson

2006-01-01

301

Somatostatin therapy of acute experimental pancreatitis.  

PubMed Central

Because somatostatin (SRIF) reduces exocrine pancreatic secretion, its effect on acute pancreatitis was investigated in rats. Linear SRIF reduced serum amylase and lipase but had no effect on pancreatic necrosis, oedema, leucocyte infiltration, and enzyme content. The mortality rate was not reduced. These results do not recommend the use of SRIF in the treatment of acute pancreatitis.

Lankisch, P G; Koop, H; Winckler, K; Folsch, U R; Creutzfeldt, W

1977-01-01

302

Chronic Pancreatitis in Late Childhood and Adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Acute pancreatitis is unusual in pediatric patients, and chronic pancreatitis is even less common. Between 1983 and 1988, we diagnosed 24 patients in late childhood and adolescence with chronic pancreatitis. Our review revealed that chronic pancreatitis presents as recurrent abdominal pain in late childhood and adolescence. Individual laboratory and radiological investigations may be normal during acute exacerbations of pain, but

Prasad Mathew; Robert Wyllie; Maureen Caulfield; Rita Steffen; Marsha Kay

1994-01-01

303

Pancreatitis in children —experience with 43 cases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pancreatitis in children is not common and can be associated with severe morbidity and mortality. We encountered 43 children, ranging in age from 2 to 18 years, with pancreatitis over the past 10 years. The diagnosis of pancreatitis was made in those patients who showed: (1) significant intra-operative pathology or; (2) clinical findings of pancreatic inflammation and laboratory confirmation. More

Chun-yan Yeung; Hung-chang Lee; Fu-yuan Huang; Man-yao Ho; Hsin-an Kao; Der-cherng Liang; Chyong-hsin Hsu; Han-yang Hung; Pei-yeh Chang; Jin-cherng Sheu

1996-01-01

304

Post-ERCP pancreatitis and its prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pancreatitis remains the most common severe complication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), and typically develops in 5–7% of patients. Although most post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) is mild, severe pancreatitis and its complications (including a systemic inflammatory response or the development of pseudocysts or pancreatic necrosis) can occur, and in rare cases death can result. A means of preventing PEP in all

Carl D Frank; Douglas G Adler

2006-01-01

305

Pancreatitis after sphincter of Oddi manometry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nature, frequency, severity, and possible causes of complications after 207 sphincter of Oddi manometry measurements were studied in 146 patients. Acute pancreatitis was diagnosed in 6% (12 of 207) of the investigations and in 8% (12 of 146) of the patients examined. The pancreatitis was mild in all patients. After cannulation of the pancreatic duct, acute pancreatitis occurred in

P Rolny; B Anderberg; I Ihse; E Lindström; G Olaison; A Arvill

1990-01-01

306

Idiopathic pancreatitis associated with inflammatory bowel disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

The list of extraintestinal manifestations of inflammatory bowel diseases does not classically include pancreatitis and pancreatic insufficiency. We report here six cases of unexplained pancreatitis associated with inflammatory bowel disease (five patients with Crohn's disease, one with indeterminate colitis). None of the classical etiologies for pancreatitis was found in our patients; moreover none of them had duodenal localization of Crohn's

Jacques-Arnaud Seyrig; Raymond Jian; Robert Modigliani; Denis Golfain; Christian Florent; Bernard Messing; Alain Bitoun

1985-01-01

307

Evidence-based surgery in chronic pancreatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. In the past two decades our knowledge of the pathophysiology and surgical treatment options in chronic pancreatitis has improved substantially. Surgical treatment in chronic pancreatitis has evolved from extending to organ-preserving procedures. Discussion. The classical Whipple resection is no longer a standard procedure in chronic pancreatitis, and is continuously being replaced by operations such as the duodenum-preserving pancreatic head

Mark Hartel; Adrien A. Tempia-Caliera; Moritz N. Wente; Kaspar Z'graggen; Helmut Friess; Markus W. Büchler

2003-01-01

308

Orbital lymphomas: Clinical and radiological features.  

PubMed

The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological features of a consecutive series of orbital lymphomas in two Institutions in the North West of Italy. A prospective study was performed of all cases of diagnosed orbital lymphomas. Data on patient demographics, symptoms and clinical findings, histological type of lymphoma, site of lesion, imaging, and systemic involvement were recorded in each case. The mean age of the enrolled 20 patients was 63.65 years. Most orbital lymphomas were located in the superior-lateral quadrant. Superior rectus muscle was the most frequently involved orbital structure. Most patients were affected by extranodal marginal-zone lymphomas. The diagnosis of orbital lymphomas may be challenging, because these neoplasms present few specific features. Although not typically performed by the maxillofacial surgeon, an understanding of the staging process is crucial for multidisciplinary management of orbital lymphomas. PMID:24051193

Gerbino, Giovanni; Boffano, Paolo; Benech, Rodolfo; Baietto, Federico; Gallesio, Cesare; Arcuri, Francesco; Benech, Arnaldo

2014-07-01

309

CPI-613 and Bendamustine Hydrochloride in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory T-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma or Hodgkin Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Adult Lymphocyte Depletion Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Lymphocyte Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Mixed Cellularity Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Adult Nodular Sclerosis Hodgkin Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma; Noncutaneous Extranodal Lymphoma; Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; T-cell Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; T-cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia

2014-06-18

310

506U78 in Treating Patients With Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Stage I Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage I Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage II Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage II Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage III Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage III Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage IV Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IV Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome

2013-01-15

311

Brentuximab Vedotin + Rituximab as Frontline Therapy for Pts w/ CD30+ and/or EBV+ Lymphomas  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Epstein-Barr Virus Infection; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Noncutaneous Extranodal Lymphoma; Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma; Post-transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder; Progressive Hairy Cell Leukemia, Initial Treatment; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage I Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Stage I Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage I Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Stage I Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Stage I Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage I Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage I Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Stage I Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Stage I Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage I Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage I Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage I Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage I Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage I Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage I Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Stage IA Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage IB Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage II Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage II Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Stage II Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IIA Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage IIB Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage III Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Stage III Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Stage III Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage III Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Stage IIIA Mycosis Fungoid

2014-04-04

312

Familial pancreatic cancer: genetic advances  

PubMed Central

Beset by poor prognosis, pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is classified as familial or sporadic. This review elaborates on the known genetic syndromes that underlie familial pancreatic cancer, where there are opportunities for genetic counseling and testing as well as clinical monitoring of at-risk patients. Such subsets of familial pancreatic cancer involve germline cationic trypsinogen or PRSS1 mutations (hereditary pancreatitis), BRCA2 mutations (usually in association with hereditary breast–ovarian cancer syndrome), CDKN2 mutations (familial atypical mole and multiple melanoma), or DNA repair gene mutations (e.g., ATM and PALB2, apart from those in BRCA2). However, the vast majority of familial pancreatic cancer cases have yet to have their genetic underpinnings elucidated, waiting in part for the results of deep sequencing efforts.

Rustgi, Anil K.

2014-01-01

313

[Biological aspects of pancreatic cancer].  

PubMed

Pancreatic ductal carcinoma still is an aggressive disease with a fatal prognosis due to late diagnosis and resistance to pharmacological and surgical treatments. Molecular investigations of pancreatic cancer are complicated by the restricted accessibility of the organ for biopsies. However, recent studies have indicated that pancreatic cancer is a multi-stage process resulting from the accumulation of genetic changes in the somatic DNA of normal cells. These molecular alterations, including overexpression of receptor-ligand systems, oncogene activation and loss of tumour suppressor genes, leads to a profound disturbance in cell cycle regulation and continuous growth. The molecular findings are now integrated in a pancreatic tumour progression model, with genetically and morphological defined precursor lesions. However, it remains unclear whether the initial target cells of this cancer develop from ductal or acinar cells. This review will present recent emerging questions on the biology of pancreatic cancer with particular emphasis on the cell origin and tumour microenvironment. PMID:16172578

Tonel, E; Carbone, A; Scirelli, T; Bellone, G; Emanuelli, G

2005-04-01

314

[Prolonged acute pancreatitis after bone marrow transplantation].  

PubMed

Acute pancreatitis is not infrequent after allogenic marrow transplantation. Several causes can predispose to pancreatitis, including Graft-Versus-Host Disease (GVHD), a condition which is probably underestimated. In the literature, few description of pancreatic GVHD can be found. Pancreatic GVHD diagnosis can be difficult if pancreatic involvement occurs without other typical manifestations of GVHD. We report the case of a woman, 54 years old, suffering from prolonged, painful pancreatitis two months after allogenic bone marrow transplantation for acute myeloid leucemia. Pancreatic GVHD diagnosis was performed after five weeks on duodenal biopsies despite the absence of diarrheoa. The patient dramatically improved within few days on corticosteroids. PMID:18378104

De Singly, B; Simon, M; Bennani, J; Wittnebel, S; Zagadanski, A-M; Pacault, V; Gornet, J-M; Allez, M; Lémann, M

2008-04-01

315

Fulminant Vasculitis: A Rare Fatal Complication of Lymphoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vasculitis is rarely associated with lymphoma; however, most cases associated with lymphoma are cutaneous. Systemic vasculitis in association with lymphoma is usually an indolent and non-fatal complication. Two patients presented to our department with fulminant vasculitis with a fatal course and were later diagnosed with lymphoma. A search of the literature for systemic fulminant vasculitis in association with lymphoma disclosed

Eyal Leshem; Yaron Davidovitz; Eyal Meltzer; Paul Fefer; Efrat Ofek; Yechezkel Sidi

2006-01-01

316

Double-hit B-cell lymphomas.  

PubMed

In many B-cell lymphomas, chromosomal translocations are biologic and diagnostic hallmarks of disease. An intriguing subset is formed by the so-called double- hit (DH) lymphomas that are defined by a chromosomal breakpoint affecting the MYC/8q24 locus in combination with another recurrent breakpoint, mainly a t(14;18)(q32;q21) involving BCL2. Recently, these lymphomas have received increased attention, which contributed to the introduction of a novel category of lymphomas in the 2008 WHO classification, "B cell lymphoma unclassifiable with features intermediate between DLBCL and BL." In this review we explore the existing literature for the most recurrent types of DH B-cell lymphomas and the involved genes with their functions, as well as their pathology and clinical aspects including therapy and prognosis. The incidence of aggressive B-cell lymphomas other than Burkitt lymphoma with a MYC breakpoint and in particular a double hit is difficult to assess, because screening by methods like FISH has not been applied on large, unselected series, and the published cytogenetic data may be biased to specific categories of lymphomas. DH lymphomas have been classified heterogeneously but mostly as DLBCL, the majority having a germinal center phenotype and expression of BCL2. Patients with DH lymphomas often present with poor prognostic parameters, including elevated LDH, bone marrow and CNS involvement, and a high IPI score. All studies on larger series of patients suggest a poor prognosis, also if treated with RCHOP or high-intensity treatment modalities. Importantly, this poor outcome cannot be accounted for by the mere presence of a MYC/8q24 breakpoint. Likely, the combination of MYC and BCL2 expression and/or a related high genomic complexity are more important. Compared to these DH lymphomas, BCL6(+)/MYC(+) DH lymphomas are far less common, and in fact most of these cases represent BCL2(+)/BCL6(+)/MYC(+) triple-hit lymphomas with involvement of BCL2 as well. CCND1(+)/MYC(+) DH lymphomas with involvement of 11q13 may also be relatively frequent, the great majority being classified as aggressive variants of mantle cell lymphoma. This suggests that activation of MYC might be an important progression pathway in mantle cell lymphoma as well. Based on clinical significance and the fact that no other solid diagnostic tools are available to identify DH lymphomas, it seems advisable to test all diffuse large B-cell and related lymphomas for MYC and other breakpoints. PMID:21119107

Aukema, Sietse M; Siebert, Reiner; Schuuring, Ed; van Imhoff, Gustaaf W; Kluin-Nelemans, Hanneke C; Boerma, Evert-Jan; Kluin, Philip M

2011-02-24

317

Individual susceptibility to alcoholic pancreatitis.  

PubMed

The observation that only a minority of heavy drinkers develop pancreatitis has prompted an intensive search for a trigger factor/cofactor/susceptibility factor that may precipitate a clinical attack. Putative susceptibility factors examined so far include diet, smoking, amount and type of alcohol consumed, the pattern of drinking and lipid intolerance. In addition, a range of inherited factors have been assessed including blood group antigens, human leukocyte antigen serotypes, alpha-1-antitrypsin phenotypes and several genotypes. The latter group comprises mutations/polymorphisms in genes related to alcohol-metabolizing enzymes, detoxifying enzymes, pancreatic digestive enzymes, pancreatic enzyme inhibitors, cystic fibrosis and cytokines. Disappointingly, despite this concerted research effort, no clear association has been established between the above factors and alcoholic pancreatitis. Experimentally, the secretagogue cholecystokinin (CCK) has been investigated as a candidate 'trigger' for alcoholic pancreatitis. However, the clinical relevance of CCK as a trigger factor has to be questioned, as it is difficult to envisage a situation in humans where abnormally high levels of CCK would be released into the circulation to trigger pancreatitis in alcoholics. In contrast, bacterial endotoxemia is a candidate cofactor that does have relevance to the clinical situation. Plasma lipopolysaccharide (LPS, an endotoxin) levels are significantly higher in drinkers (either after chronic alcohol intake or a single binge) compared to non-drinkers. We have recently shown that alcohol-fed animals challenged with otherwise innocuous doses of LPS exhibit significant pancreatic injury. Moreover, repeated LPS exposure in alcohol-fed rats leads to progressive injury to the gland characterized by significant pancreatic fibrosis. These studies support the concept that endotoxin may be an important factor in the initiation and progression of alcoholic pancreatitis. Scope remains for further studies examining proteins related to cellular anti-oxidant defenses, minor cystic fibrosis (CF) mutations and trans-heterozygosity involving a combination of mutations of different genes (such as CFTR alterations combined with SPINK1 or PRSS1 variants), as potential triggers of alcoholic pancreatitis. PMID:18336667

Apte, Minoti V; Pirola, Romano C; Wilson, Jeremy S

2008-03-01

318

Alcohol consumption on pancreatic diseases  

PubMed Central

Although the association between alcohol and pancreatic diseases has been recognized for a long time, the impact of alcohol consumption on pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer (PC) remains poorly defined. Nowadays there is not consensus about the epidemiology and the beverage type, dose and duration of alcohol consumption causing these diseases. The objective of this study was to review the epidemiology described in the literature for pancreatic diseases as a consequence of alcoholic behavior trying to understand the association between dose, type and frequency of alcohol consumption and risk of pancreatitis and PC. The majority of the studies conclude that high alcohol intake was associated with a higher risk of pancreatitis (around 2.5%-3% between heavy drinkers and 1.3% between non drinkers). About 70% of pancreatitis are due to chronic heavy alcohol consumption. Although this incidence rate differs between countries, it is clear that the risk of developing pancreatitis increases with increasing doses of alcohol and the average of alcohol consumption vary since 80 to 150 g/d for 10-15 years. With regard to PC, the role of alcohol consumption remains less clear, and low to moderate alcohol consumption do not appear to be associated with PC risk, and only chronic heavy drinking increase the risk compared with lightly drinkers. In a population of 10%-15% of heavy drinkers, 2%-5% of all PC cases could be attributed to alcohol consumption. However, as only a minority (less than 10% for pancreatitis and 5% for PC) of heavily drinkers develops these pancreatic diseases, there are other predisposing factors besides alcohol involved. Genetic variability and environmental exposures such as smoking and diet modify the risk and should be considered for further investigations.

Herreros-Villanueva, Marta; Hijona, Elizabeth; Banales, Jesus Maria; Cosme, Angel; Bujanda, Luis

2013-01-01

319

Study of BKM120 & Rituximab in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Indolent B-Cell Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

2014-05-13

320

Pancreatographic investigation of the pancreatic duct system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Embryologically, the pancreatic duct system develops by the fusion between the dorsal and ventral pancreatic bud ducts. It\\u000a has been suggested that the proximal part of the main dorsal pancreatic duct partially regresses to form the accessory pancreatic\\u000a duct (APD). Aim of this study was to clarify the anatomy of the pancreatic duct system of the head of the pancreas

T. Kamisawa; Y. Tu; N. Egawa; K. Tsuruta; A. Okamoto

2007-01-01

321

Vorinostat in Treating Patients With Metastatic or Unresectable Solid Tumors or Lymphoma and Liver Dysfunction  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Primary Central Nervous System Hodgkin Lymphoma; Primary Central Nervous System Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Stage III Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Stage III Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage III Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage III Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Stage IV Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage IV Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage IV Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

2014-02-21

322

Drugs Approved for Hodgkin Lymphoma  

Cancer.gov

This page lists cancer drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for Hodgkin lymphoma. The list includes generic names, brand names, and common drug combinations, which are shown in capital letters. The drug names link to NCI's Cancer Drug Information summaries.

323

Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prognosis of follicular lymphomas (FL) is heterogeneous and numerous treatments may be proposed. A validated prognostic index (PI) would help in evalu- ating and choosing these treatments. Characteristics at diagnosis were col- lected from 4167 patients with FL diag- nosed between 1985 and 1992. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to propose a PI. This index was then tested

Philippe Solal-Celigny; Pascal Roy; Philippe Colombat; Josephine White; Jim O. Armitage; Reyes Arranz-Saez; Wing Y. Au; Monica Bellei; Pauline Brice; Dolores Caballero; Bertrand Coiffier; Eulogio Conde-Garcia; Chantal Doyen; Massimo Federico; Richard I. Fisher; Javier F. Garcia-Conde; Cesare Guglielmi; Michael LeBlanc; Andrew T. Lister; Armando Lopez-Guillermo; Peter McLaughlin; Noel Milpied; Nicolas Mounier; Stephen J. Proctor; Ama Rohatiner; Paul Smith; Umberto Vitolo; Pier-Luigi Zinzani; Emanuele Zucca; Emili Montserrat; J. Bernard; Hopital H. Mondor; M. D. Anderson; CHU L. Huriez

2004-01-01

324

Ipilimumab and Rituximab In Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory B-Cell Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

B-cell Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; B-cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Testicular Lymphoma; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

2014-04-16

325

Growth Factor Mediated Signaling in Pancreatic Pathogenesis  

PubMed Central

Functionally, the pancreas consists of two types of tissues: exocrine and endocrine. Exocrine pancreatic disorders mainly involve acute and chronic pancreatitis. Acute pancreatitis typically is benign, while chronic pancreatitis is considered a risk factor for developing pancreatic cancer. Pancreatic carcinoma is the fourth leading cause of cancer related deaths worldwide. Most pancreatic cancers develop in the exocrine tissues. Endocrine pancreatic tumors are more uncommon, and typically are less aggressive than exocrine tumors. However, the endocrine pancreatic disorder, diabetes, is a dominant cause of morbidity and mortality. Importantly, different growth factors and their receptors play critical roles in pancreatic pathogenesis. Hence, an improved understanding of how various growth factors affect pancreatitis and pancreatic carcinoma is necessary to determine appropriate treatment. This chapter describes the role of different growth factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), insulin-like growth factor (IGF), platelet derived growth factor (PDGF), fibroblast growth factor (FGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF), and transforming growth factor (TGF) in various pancreatic pathophysiologies. Finally, the crosstalk between different growth factor axes and their respective signaling mechanisms, which are involved in pancreatitis and pancreatic carcinoma, are also discussed.

Nandy, Debashis; Mukhopadhyay, Debabrata

2011-01-01

326

Malignant pancreatic carcinoid tumour.  

PubMed

Pancreatic carcinoid tumours are rare, particularly within the paediatric population. The clinical presentation is largely dependent on the functionality of the tumour. Although the tumour is generally slow-growing, surgical resection is still the mainstay of curative treatment. Morbidity is, however, significantly contributed by secretion of excess hormones; in view of this, biotherapy is an important treatment strategy. Octreotide, a somatostatin analogue, has been shown to be successful in both symptomatic control and stability of tumour progression. We report a 12-year-old girl, who presented with hypertensive crisis, and showed good response to a combination of chemotherapy and octreotide. PMID:18043827

Zarina, A L; Hamidah, A; Zulkifli, S Z; Zulfiqar, M A; Jamal, R

2007-12-01

327

Fenretinide and Rituximab in Treating Patients With B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Adult Nodular Lymphocyte Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma; B-cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Contiguous Stage II Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage I Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Stage I Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage I Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage I Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Stage I Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Stage I Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage I Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage I Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Stage II Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage II Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Stage III Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Stage III Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Stage III Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage III Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Stage IV Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Stage IV Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage IV Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

2013-09-26

328

AR-42 in Treating Patients With Advanced or Relapsed Multiple Myeloma, Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, or Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma; Post-transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder; Prolymphocytic Leukemia; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Refractory Multiple Myeloma; Stage III Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Stage III Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Stage III Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Stage III Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage III Multiple Myeloma; Stage III Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage III Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Stage IV Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Stage IV Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage IV Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage IV Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Testicular Lymphoma; Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia

2012-07-27

329

Challenges in the management of Burkitt's lymphoma.  

PubMed

Burkitt's lymphoma and small noncleaved Burkitt's-like lymphoma are rare and are highly aggressive forms of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that are characterized by dysregulation of the c-myc oncogene. Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) also appear to be at risk for developing Burkitt's lymphomas. Treatment options for Burkitt's lymphoma involve complex chemotherapy regimens that contain as many as 10 cytotoxic agents. Approximately 50%-80% of adult patients with Burkitt's lymphoma or small, noncleaved lymphoma can be cured with these intensive chemotherapy regimens, and in pediatric populations, the cure rate is even higher. However, a number of factors often compromise the outcome of patients with Burkitt's lymphoma. For instance, the high proliferation rate of Burkitt's lymphoma enhances the risk for tumor lysis syndrome, which results from metabolic imbalances, such as hyperuricemia, that occur as large numbers of malignant cells are lysed during cytotoxic chemotherapy. Standard treatment for tumor lysis syndrome includes adjustments in the chemotherapy regimen, vigorous hydration, administration of a uric acid synthesis inhibitor like allopurinol, and alkalinization. The administration of recombinant urate oxidase (rasburicase) also has been shown to provide effective prophylaxis against hyperuricemia in pediatric and adult patients with hematologic malignancies. The lifetime risk of developing central nervous system disease is 20%-30% for Burkitt's lymphoma. Consequently all chemotherapy regimens with activity in Burkitt's lymphoma utilize some form of central nervous system prophylaxis, such as systemic or intrathecal methotrexate or cytarabine. In the past, patients with HIV who developed Burkitt's lymphoma often received inadequate chemotherapy doses because of their immunosuppression. With the discovery of highly active antiretroviral therapy, the ability to treat and control Burkitt's lymphoma in patients with HIV has improved. PMID:12521385

Levine, Alexandra M

2002-12-01

330

The genetics of pancreatic cancer.  

PubMed

The genetic basis for invasive and preoneoplastic neoplasms of the exocrine and endocrine pancreas has been the subject of a number of investigations in recent years. The purpose of this paper was to briefly review and summarize the pertinent findings. High frequency changes associated with pancreatic adenocarcinomas include mutations of the k-ras oncogene, and inactivating alterations of the p53, p16, and DPC4 tumor suppressor genes. Hereditary syndromes that have a known predisposition for pancreatic adenocarcinoma development include hereditary pancreatitis, familial atypical multiple mole melanoma (FAMM) syndrome, Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, familial breast cancer (BRCA-2), hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer syndrome (HNPCC), and Li-Fraumeni syndrome. The underlying genetic defects have been identified and are currently being studied. Germline mutations of the men-1 gene are responsible for the MEN-1 syndrome, known to be associated with pancreatic endocrine tumors. It appears that somatic mutations of the gene are present in at least a subset of sporadic tumors. In addition, alterations in the Rb/p16 pathway appear to be commonly associated with pancreatic endocrine tumors. Further characterization of pancreatic tumors will result in a better understanding of the cellular pathways involved in pancreatic tumorigenesis and holds promise to identify targets for novel diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. PMID:12946833

Cowgill, Sarah M; Muscarella, Peter

2003-09-01

331

Pharmacological challenges in chronic pancreatitis.  

PubMed

Drug absorption in patients with chronic pancreatitis might be affected by the pathophysiology of the disease. The exocrine pancreatic insufficiency is associated with changes in gastrointestinal intraluminal pH, motility disorder, bacterial overgrowth and changed pancreatic gland secretion. Together these factors can result in malabsorption and may also affect the efficacy of pharmacological intervention. The lifestyle of chronic pancreatitis patients may also contribute to gastrointestinal changes. Many patients limit their food intake because of the pain caused by eating and in some cases food intake is more or less substituted with alcohol, tobacco and coffee. Alcohol and drug interaction are known to influence the pharmacokinetics by altering either drug absorption or by affecting liver metabolism. Since patients suffering from chronic pancreatitis experience severe pain, opioids are often prescribed as pain treatment. Opioids have intrinsic effects on gastrointestinal motility and hence can modify the absorption of other drugs taken at the same time. Furthermore, the increased fluid absorption caused by opioids will decrease water available for drug dissolution and may hereby affect absorption of the drug. As stated above many factors can influence drug absorption and metabolism in patients with chronic pancreatitis. The factors may not have clinical relevance, but may explain inter-individual variations in responses to a given drug, in patients with chronic pancreatitis. PMID:24259961

Olesen, Anne Estrup; Brokjaer, Anne; Fisher, Iben Wendelboe; Larsen, Isabelle Myriam

2013-11-14

332

What's New in Pancreatic Cancer Research and Treatment?  

MedlinePLUS

... Next Topic Additional resources for pancreatic cancer What`s new in pancreatic cancer research and treatment? Research into ... area of research in many types of cancer. New treatments for pancreatic neuroendocrine cancers Many pancreatic neuroendocrine ...

333

What Are the Key Statistics about Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma?  

MedlinePLUS

... for non-Hodgkin lymphoma? What are the key statistics about non-Hodgkin lymphoma? Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) ... Symptoms of Cancer Treatments & Side Effects Cancer Facts & Statistics News About Cancer Expert Voices Blog Programs & Services ...

334

Diagnosis and Treatment of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphomas.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Cancergram focuses on a group of lymphomas which includes adenolymphoma, Burkitt's lymphoma, lymphosarcoma, lymphoblastoma, lymphocytoma, reticulum cell sarcoma, mycosis fungoides, and any not otherwise specified lymphoma with the exception of Hodgkin...

1977-01-01

335

What's New in Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Research and Treatment?  

MedlinePLUS

... Topic Additional resources for non-Hodgkin lymphoma What’s new in non-Hodgkin lymphoma research and treatment? Research ... non-Hodgkin lymphoma is focused on looking at new and better ways to treat this disease. Chemotherapy ...

336

Rituximab and Oblimersen in Treating Patients With Stage II, Stage III, or Stage IV Follicular Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Stage III Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma

2013-01-04

337

Bortezomib and Rituximab in Treating Patients With Mantle Cell Lymphoma Who Have Previously Undergone Stem Cell Transplantation  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Contiguous Stage II Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage I Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Mantle Cell Lymphoma

2014-05-13

338

Hypercalcemia from metastatic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor secreting 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D  

PubMed Central

Malignant hypercalcemia occurs in about 20-30% of patients with cancer, both solid tumors and hematologic malignancies. The secretion of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTH-rP) is the most common cause and has been shown to be the etiology of hypercalcemia associated with neuroendocrine tumors. Here we report the case of a patient with metastatic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor who developed hypercalcemia more than 4 years after the initial diagnosis as a result of secretion of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, a mechanism only commonly seen in lymphomas. The successful control of the patient’s disease with capecitabine and temozolomide led to the alleviation of this paraneoplastic syndrome.

Zhu, Viola; de las Morenas, Antonio; Janicek, Milos

2014-01-01

339

3-AP and Gemcitabine in Treating Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors or Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Primary Central Nervous System Hodgkin Lymphoma; Primary Central Nervous System Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Stage III Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Stage III Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage III Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage III Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Stage IV Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage IV Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage IV Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

2013-09-27

340

Bortezomib, Ifosfamide, and Vinorelbine Tartrate in Treating Young Patients With Hodgkin's Lymphoma That is Recurrent or Did Not Respond to Previous Therapy  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Adult Lymphocyte Depletion Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Lymphocyte Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Mixed Cellularity Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Nodular Lymphocyte Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Nodular Sclerosis Hodgkin Lymphoma; Childhood Lymphocyte Depletion Hodgkin Lymphoma; Childhood Lymphocyte Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma; Childhood Mixed Cellularity Hodgkin Lymphoma; Childhood Nodular Lymphocyte Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma; Childhood Nodular Sclerosis Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent/Refractory Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage I Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage I Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage II Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage II Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage III Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IV Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma

2014-06-18

341

Clinical features of gastrointestinal follicular lymphoma: comparison with nodal follicular lymphoma and gastrointestinal MALT lymphoma.  

PubMed

We retrospectively compared the clinicopathological features of primary intestinal follicular lymphomas (FL-GIs), nodal follicular lymphomas (FL-LNs) and gastrointestinal MALT lymphomas (MALT-GIs), and investigated the distribution and the endoscopic appearances of FL-GI to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment modality. The subjects were 28 FL-GI patients, 135 FL-LN patients and 70 MALT-GI patients. In FL-LNs the clinical stage III-IV was 83%, while in FL-GIs clinical stage I-II was 68%. In MALT-GIs clinical stage I-II was 87%. The overall survival was significantly better in MALT-GI patients than in FL-LN patients. All FL-GI patients were alive at the time of evaluation. Regarding the histological grade (WHO), grade 1 was 81% in FL-GI, whereas in FL-LN grade 2 was 28% and grade 3 was 11%. The Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index was low in 61% of FL-GIs, while in FL-LNs it was equally distributed to low, intermediate and high, suggesting that the prognosis is better in FL-GIs than in FL-LNs. The clinicopathological studies revealed the FL-GI has intermediate characteristics between FL-LN and MALT-GI. We recommend a 'watch-and-wait' policy or chemotherapy with rituximab for the therapy of FL-GIs because the lesions are often located in broader areas from the lower duodenum to the small intestine. PMID:21266815

Tari, Akira; Asaoku, Hideki; Kunihiro, Masaki; Tanaka, Shinji; Fujihara, Megumu; Yoshino, Tadashi

2011-01-01

342

Acute Pancreatitis Complicating Severe Dengue  

PubMed Central

Dengue is an arthropod borne viral infection endemic in tropical and subtropical continent. Severe dengue is life threatening. Various atypical presentations of dengue have been documented. But we present a rare and fatal complication of severe dengue in form of acute pancreatitis. A 27-year-old male had presented with severe dengue in decompensated shock and with pain in abdomen due to pancreatitis. The pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis in dengue is not clearly understood, but various mechanisms are postulated. The awareness and timely recognition of this complication is very important for proper management.

Jain, Vishakha; Gupta, OP; Rao, Tarun; Rao, Siddharth

2014-01-01

343

KRAS in Pancreatic Cancer.  

PubMed

Pancreatic cancer is one of the most feared malignancies. The most common form of pancreatic cancer is adenocarcinoma arising from the ductal epithelium. KRAS is the most common oncogene that has been found to be mutated. However, targeting KRAS directly has been difficult. We do not know a lot about the relationship between KRAS and other signaling pathways. At the same time, little is known about the non KRAS mutated or wild type (WT) tumors. Most of the data that we have as far, as mutational status is concerned, has been obtained from the tumor itself and not from metastatic lesions. In this review, we discuss two abstracts (Abstracts #e15214 and #e15207) published in conjunction with the 2014 ASCO Annual Meeting. These discuss the relationship between KRAS and other signaling pathways and the differences between mutated KRAS and WT tumors. The studies found low rate of KRAS mutation in cells obtained from ascitic fluid. While the studies are small, these are novel findings that are worth exploring further. They increase our understanding of the biology of the disease and take us a step closer to treating this deadly malignancy. PMID:25076326

Agarwal, Archana; Saif, Muhammad Wasif

2014-01-01

344

Pathophysiology of chronic pancreatitis  

PubMed Central

Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is an inflammatory disease of the pancreas characterized by progressive fibrotic destruction of the pancreatic secretory parenchyma. Despite the heterogeneity in pathogenesis and involved risk factors, processes such as necrosis/apoptosis, inflammation or duct obstruction are involved. This fibrosing process ultimately leads to progressive loss of the lobular morphology and structure of the pancreas, deformation of the large ducts and severe changes in the arrangement and composition of the islets. These conditions lead to irreversible morphological and structural changes resulting in impairment of both exocrine and endocrine functions. The prevalence of the disease is largely dependent on culture and geography. The etiological risk-factors associated with CP are multiple and involve both genetic and environmental factors. Throughout this review the M-ANNHEIM classification system will be used, comprising a detailed description of risk factors such as: alcohol-consumption, nicotine-consumption, nutritional factors, hereditary factors, efferent duct factors, immunological factors and miscellaneous and rare metabolic factors. Increased knowledge of the different etiological factors may encourage the use of further advanced diagnostic tools, which potentially will help clinicians to diagnose CP at an earlier stage. However, in view of the multi factorial disease and the complex clinical picture, it is not surprising that treatment of patients with CP is challenging and often unsuccessful.

Brock, Christina; Nielsen, Lecia M?ller; Lelic, Dina; Drewes, Asbj?rn Mohr

2013-01-01

345

Endocrine pancreatic secretion in patients after acute pancreatitis.  

PubMed

In 14 nonobese patients after acute pancreatitis and with normal oral glucose tolerance, the response of insulin, C-peptide, and pancreatic glucagon after 100 g of oral glucose was assessed. The curves of insulin and C-peptide were significantly raised compared with those of controls, and no difference was found between the response of patients with a negative (n = 8) and a positive (n = 6) family history of type II diabetes. The curves of pancreatic glucagon did not differ from those found in controls. Our results indicate that a normal response to glucose after recovery from an attack of acute pancreatitis is maintained at the cost of increased insulin secretion. PMID:2188259

Stastná, R; Karasová, L; Svácek, J; Petrásek, R; Winkler, L; Lánská, V; Skála, I; Malý, J

1990-05-01

346

Solitary pancreatic tuberculosis in immunocompetent patients mimicking pancreatic carcinoma.  

PubMed

In this study, two cases of biopsy-proven pancreatic tuberculosis are reported. The patients presented with fever, anorexia, fatigue, abdominal pain and weight loss. A differential diagnosis of fever of unknown origin was conducted. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a cystic mass image in the pancreatic head in one patient, and a hypodense lesion in the pancreatic head in the other. The first patient was diagnosed by a wedge biopsy specimen obtained in the exploratory laparotomy. The other patient was diagnosed by percutaneous fine-needle aspiration biopsy. Both patients were successfully treated with quadruple antituberculous therapy for 12 months. We concluded that especially in young patients who present with a mass in the pancreas, pancreatic tuberculosis should be considered among the differential diagnoses, particularly in developing countries and immunosuppressed individuals. PMID:11595077

Demir, K; Kaymakoglu, S; Besisik, F; Durakoglu, Z; Ozdil, S; Kaplan, Y; Boztas, G; Cakaloglu, Y; Okten, A

2001-09-01

347

Erlotinib Hydrochloride in Treating Patients With Pancreatic Cancer That Can Be Removed by Surgery  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasm of the Pancreas; Recurrent Pancreatic Cancer; Stage IA Pancreatic Cancer; Stage IB Pancreatic Cancer; Stage IIA Pancreatic Cancer; Stage IIB Pancreatic Cancer; Stage III Pancreatic Cancer

2014-04-18

348

Fusion Protein Cytokine Therapy After Rituximab in Treating Patients With B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Testicular Lymphoma; Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia

2014-03-11

349

PXD101 and Bortezomib in Treating Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors or Lymphomas  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Post-transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder; Primary Central Nervous System Hodgkin Lymphoma; Primary Central Nervous System Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Stage III Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Stage III Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage III Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage III Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage III Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Stage IV Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage IV Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage IV Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

2013-05-01

350

Follicular lymphoma - treatment and prognostic factors  

PubMed Central

Follicular lymphoma is the second most frequent non-Hodgkin lymphoma accounting for about 10-20% of all lymphomas in western countries. The median age at diagnosis is 60 years old. The clinical presentation is usually characterized by asymptomatic peripheral adenopathy in cervical, axillary, inguinal and femoral regions. Treatment options for patients with naïve or recurrent follicular lymphoma are still controversial, ranging from a "watch and wait" policy to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. More recently, the availability of rituximab has substantially changed follicular lymphoma therapeutic approaches to such an extent that R-Chemo is now the standard induction first-line treatment. This review provides a general overview of the state of the art in the management of follicular lymphoma and also, a brief description regarding the current prognostic tools available for treatment decisions.

Luminari, Stefano; Bellei, Monica; Biasoli, Irene; Federico, Massimo

2012-01-01

351

What Are the Risk Factors for Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma?  

MedlinePLUS

... type of lymphoma, which is also sometimes called Mediterranean abdominal lymphoma , typically occurs in young adults in eastern Mediterranean countries. Antibiotics can be helpful in treating this ...

352

Endoscopic technique for the management of pancreatitis and its complications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Therapeutic endoscopy is now increasingly used to treat gallstone pancreatitis, acute pancreatitis of other aetiologies, chronic pancreatitis and complications associated with acute or chronic pancreatitis.This chapter is a brief review of the endoscopic interventions currently performed in patients with acute or chronic pancreatitis. These interventions include biliary and pancreatic endoscopic sphincterotomy at the major or minor papilla, stricture dilatation on

Jacques Devière; Celso Matos

2004-01-01

353

Diagnosis of systemic metastatic retinal lymphoma  

PubMed Central

Purpose Systemic metastatic retinal lymphoma (SMRL) is exceptionally rare, as systemic lymphomas most often metastasize to the uvea. We have evaluated a series of SMRL cases to elucidate the clinical and pathological features of SMRL. Methods The pathologic specimens of intraocular lymphomas (IOLs) at the National Eye Institute from 1991–2009 were retrospectively reviewed. These cases were diagnosed by cytology, cytokine measurement (ELISA for interleukin (IL)-10 and IL-6 levels), and Immunoglobulin-Heavy (IgH) and T-cell-receptor (TCR) gene analyses. Results There were 9 B-SMRLs among 96 B-cell retina lymphomas (9.4%) and 3 T-SMRLs among 5 T-cell retinal lymphomas (60%) from a total of 116 IOLs. The original sites were nasopharynx (3), testis (2), skin (2), breast (1), blood (1), retroperitoneum (1), ileo-cecum (1) and stomach (1). Cytology of vitreous samples illustrated atypical lymphoma cells with either B- or T- monoclonality. More B-SMRLs had a high ratio of vitreal IL-10 to IL-6 than T-SMRLs. Molecular pathology demonstrated lymphoma cells with gene rearrangements of IgH in all B-SMRLs and TCR in all T-SMRLs. Conclusions SMRL and primary retinal lymphoma present with similar clinical manifestations. Systemic T-cell lymphoma invades the retina and vitreous more aggressively than systemic B-cell lymphoma. A diagnosis of SMRL is made when there is a clinical history of systemic lymphoma (particularly from nasopharynx, testis, and skin) and lymphoma cells are identified in the vitreous or retina. Molecular analysis is more useful than vitreal cytokine measurement for SMRL diagnosis.

Cao, Xiaoguang; Shen, Defen; Callanan, David G.; Mochizuki, Manabu; Chan, Chi-Chao

2009-01-01

354

Lymphomas: diagnosis, treatment. Cancergram CT05  

SciTech Connect

The scope of this Cancergram includes Hodgkin's disease, adenolymphoma, Burkitt's lymphoma, lymphosarcoma, lymphoblastoma, lymphocytoma, reticulum cell sarcoma, mycosis fungoides, and any not otherwise specified lymphoma. Abstracts are included which concern all clinical aspects of the various forms of lymphoma, such as diagnosis and staging, supportive care, evaluation, and therapy. Animal models, tissue culture experiments, carcinogenesis and other preclinical studies are generally excluded, except for those considered to have direct clinical relevance.

Not Available

1985-01-01

355

Primary multifocal osseous lymphoma in a child  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report a case of primary multifocal osseous lymphoma in a 6-year-old girl presenting with multifocal osteolytic lesions\\u000a without systemic symptoms or identifiable non-osseous primary tumor. The differential diagnoses for such a presentation include\\u000a histiocytosis X, chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, metastatic disease, and primary\\u000a bone lymphoma. Although non-Hodgkin lymphoma is common in the pediatric population, its presentation

Takashi S. P. Sato; Polly J. Ferguson; Geetika Khanna

2008-01-01

356

Primary ovarian lymphoma--a rare entity.  

PubMed

Primary ovarian lymphoma is very rare. Ovarian involvement by non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is usually secondary, occurring as part of a systemic disease. We report a case of primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the ovary manifesting as advanced ovarian cancer. The diagnosis was confirmed on histological and immunohistochemical analysis. The patient was treated with surgery followed by chemotherapy using rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisolone (R-CHOP) regimen. PMID:23905454

Afshan, Anjum; Sadaf, Nigar

2013-04-01

357

Adult life after surviving lymphoma in childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction  Almost all pediatric lymphomas are malignant, high-grade tumors. The combined incidence of Hodgkin’s disease (HD) and non-Hodgkin\\u000a lymphoma (NHL) reaches 10 to 12 new cases a year per million children under the age of 16 years, representing about 10% of\\u000a all pediatric cancers. HD makes up to 40% and NHL 60% of pediatric lymphomas. During the last 20 years, cure rates raised

Nicolas X. von der Weid

2008-01-01

358

Hepatitis C and Lymphoma: Questions and Answers  

Cancer.gov

People infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) are at an increased risk of developing certain lymphomas (cancers of the lymphatic system). Researchers found that HCV infection increased the risk of developing non-Hodgkin's lymphoma by 20 percent to 30 percent. The risk of developing Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (a rare type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma) went up by 300 percent and the risk for cryoglobulinemia, a form of blood vessel inflammation, was also elevated for those with HCV infections.

359

Vaccine therapy for pancreatic cancer  

PubMed Central

Pancreatic cancer is a lethal disease and currently available therapies have significant limitations. Pancreatic cancer is thus an ideal setting for the development of novel treatment modalities such as immunotherapy. However, relevant obstacles must be overcome for immunotherapeutic regimens against pancreatic cancer to be successful. Vaccine therapy relies on the administration of biological preparations that include an antigen that (at least ideally) is specifically expressed by malignant cells, boosting the natural ability of the immune system to react against neoplastic cells. There are a number of ways to deliver anticancer vaccines. Potent vaccines stimulate antigen presentation by dendritic cells, hence driving the expansion of antigen-specific effector and memory T cells. Unlike vaccines given as a prophylaxis against infectious diseases, anticancer vaccines require the concurrent administration of agents that interfere with the natural predisposition of tumors to drive immunosuppression. The safety and efficacy of vaccines against pancreatic cancer are nowadays being tested in early phase clinical trials.

Salman, Bulent; Zhou, Donger; Jaffee, Elizabeth M; Edil, Barish H; Zheng, Lei

2013-01-01

360

Valsartan-induced acute pancreatitis.  

PubMed

Gastrointestinal toxicity is uncommon among patients treated with angiotensin II receptor antagonists. A 58-year-old man presented with nausea, vomiting and constant pain in the epigastrium that radiated to the flanks. He received treatment with valsartan (160 mg daily) for hypertension. The clinical, biochemical and radiological findings were compatible with a diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. After the patient achieved a clinical and biochemical recovery, the valsartan therapy was started again. Six weeks later, he returned to the hospital with an attack of pancreatitis. Subsequently, he returned with repeated attacks of pancreatitis twice, and the valsartan was discontinued. Ten months after the treatment, the patient had no complaints. When severe abdominal symptoms occur for no apparent reason during treatment with valsartan, a diagnosis of pancreatitis should be considered. PMID:24694480

Can, Burak; Sali, Mursel; Batman, Adnan; Yilmaz, Hasan; Korkmaz, Ugur; Celebi, Altay; Senturk, Omer; Hulagu, Sadettin

2014-01-01

361

Immunotherapy for Advanced Pancreatic Cancer  

Cancer.gov

In this trial, researchers are using a monoclonal antibody called MDX-010 to treat patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. MDX-010 binds to and blocks the activity of an immune response inhibitor molecule called CTLA-4.

362

Dynamic CT of pancreatic tumors  

SciTech Connect

Dynamic computed tomography was performed on 19 patients with clinically diagnosed pancreatic and peripancreatic tumors. There were 10 patients with pancreatic cancer, three with inflammatory pancreatic masses, two with cystadenoma, one with insuloma, and three with peripancreatic tumors. Computed tomography was performed with a Varian-V-360-3 scanner; scanning was for 30 consecutive sec at 3 sec intervals after the bolus injection of 50 ml of contrast medium into the antecubital vein. Dynamic computed tomography (CT) may be more useful than conventional contrast CT because it facilitates: (1) correct evaluation of tumor vascularity allowing a differential diagnosis; (2) location of the boundary between tumor and a nontumor tissue; (3) detection of small tumors; and (4) visualization of pancreatic invasion by peripancreatic tumors. In addition, contrast enhancement and the degree of vascular proliferation can be quantitatively assessed by analyzing time-density curves.

Hosoki, T.

1983-05-01

363

[Multimodal treatment of pancreatic cancer].  

PubMed

The experience with combined treatment of 122 patients with pancreatic cancer in the clinic of the Institute of Clinical & Experimental Surgery for the period of from 1988 to 1990 is summarized. Radical operations were performed in 54 patients, the palliative ones--in 68. After performance of a palliative operation, the patients underwent polychemotherapy, 5--in combination with UHF-hyperthermia. To study the effect of chemotherapy on the immune system, the immunologic monitoring was carried out. It was established that under the influence of chemotherapy and hyperthermia, the indices of immunity in patients with pancreatic cancer improved. In cancer of the pancreatic head with involvement of pancreatic body, the performance of subtotal pancreatoduodenal resection with subsequent regional chemotherapy is expedient. Chemotherapy and hyperthermia in combination with creation of a shunt permit to improve the results of treatment of inoperable tumors. The use of regional chemotherapy in subtotal resection contributed to increase in 2-year survival of the patients. PMID:1714983

Shalimov, S A; Ke?sevich, L V; Zakharov, I B; Nichita?lo, M E; Stasenko, A A; Litvinenko, A N; Vesnenko, A I; Shalev, V G

1991-01-01

364

Endoscopic Therapy in Chronic Pancreatitis  

PubMed Central

Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a debilitating disease that can result in chronic abdominal pain, malnutrition, and other related complications. The main aims of treatment are to control symptoms, prevent disease progression, and correct any complications. A multidisciplinary approach involving medical, endoscopic, and surgical therapy is important. Endoscopic therapy plays a specific role in carefully selected patients as primary interventional therapy when medical measures fail or in patients who are not suitable for surgery. Endoscopic therapy is also used as a bridge to surgery or as a means to assess the potential response to pancreatic surgery. This review addresses the role of endoscopic therapy in relief of obstruction of the pancreatic duct (PD) and bile du ct, closure of PD leaks, and drainage of pseudocysts in CP. The role of endoscopic ultrasound-guided celiac plexus block for pain in chronic pancreatitis is also discussed.

Tan, Damien Meng Yew

2011-01-01

365

Lenalidomide and Ibrutinib in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

2014-07-18

366

Ptosis: a rare presentation of Hodgkin lymphoma.  

PubMed

Lymphomas predominantly affect the lymph nodes but can present at unusual sites, which are termed as extranodal lymphomas. Involvement of the ocular adnexa is an extremely uncommon occurrence, which is usually seen in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma. We report herewith an unusual case of a 5-year-old child with Hodgkin lymphoma and involvement of extraocular muscle leading to ptosis. The child was managed by alternating cycles of cyclophosphamide, vincristine, procarbazine and prednisolone and adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine. He had complete response to chemotherapy with resolution of ptosis. PMID:23528905

Gupta, Vineeta; Kumar, Mohan; Gupta, Sanjeev K

2014-03-01

367

Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma--clinicopathological pattern.  

PubMed

A study of histopathological and clinical features of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in 495 consecutive cases, diagnosed at AFIP during 1984-1989 is presented. Children below the age of 15 years were not included in this study. The relative frequency of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma was 4.29% in our material. Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma was more frequent than Hodgkin's disease, ratio being 2.44:1. Lymphadenopathy (78.78%), fever (33.08%), weight loss (31.62%) and anemia (30.14%) were the main presenting features. New working formulation was used for morphological characterisation. Follicular lymphoma constituted 8.08% of all cases. Follicular lymphoma was seen only in older age whereas diffuse lymphoma occurred in all age groups. Intermediate and high grade lymphoma represented 73.54% of all NHL. Small lymphocytic lymphoma was common in low grade tumours (13.13%). Extra nodal lymphoma was encountered in a significant proportion (21.22%), gastrointestinal tract being the most frequent site. This study outlines certain interesting features of NHL in Pakistan. PMID:1433803

Ahmad, M; Khan, A H; Mansoor, A; Khan, M A; Saeed, S

1992-09-01

368

Iodine I 131 Monoclonal Antibody BC8 Before Autologous Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Hodgkin Lymphoma or Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; B-cell Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; B-cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; T-cell Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; T-cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia; Testicular Lymphoma; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

2014-03-07

369

[Treatment of external pancreatic fistula].  

PubMed

In the clinic, 56 patients with an external pancreatic fistula was treated. After conservative treatment, a fistula closed in 43 patients, and was functioning in 13. Fistuloenterostomy was performed in 6 patients, resection of the left lobe of the pancreas--in 7. There were no complications and lethal outcomes. The method for return of the pancreatic juice into the duodenum has been suggested. PMID:1296060

Vecherko, V N; Konoplia, P P; Tiurin, I V; Iurév, V V

1992-01-01

370

Medical Management of Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in the United States. In 2008, an estimated 34,290 people died from pancreatic cancer and 37,680 new cases were diagnosed. Despite modern treatment, 90% of patients die within 1 year of diagnosis. Pancreatectomy is still the only potentially curative approach, but most patients have incurable disease by the time they

Daniela Freitas; Gustavo Dos Santos Fernandes; Paulo M. Hoff; Jose Eduardo Cunha

2009-01-01

371

Pancreatic cancer — Outlook: targeted therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pancreatic cancer is a devastating disease characterized by almost identical incidence and mortality rates. Since this tumour\\u000a is mostly diagnosed in an advanced stage there is usually no option for a curative surgical resection. In addition, pancreatic\\u000a cancers known to be resistant to conventional treatment modalities such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Therefore, novel\\u000a strategies for targeting these tumors are urgently

Patrick Michl; Thomas M. Gress

2007-01-01

372

Adjuvant Therapy in Pancreatic Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pancreatic cancer is one of the major causes of cancer death in Europe with a 5-year survival rate of less than 5%. Although surgery cannot guarantee a cure, the 5-year survival does improve to around 10% following resection and increases to 20–30% with adjuvant chemotherapy. The European Study Group for Pancreatic Cancer (ESPAC) 1 trial was the first adequately powered,

Amy Thomas; Khaled Dajani; John P. Neoptolemos; Paula Ghaneh

2010-01-01

373

Xenobiotics and tropical chronic pancreatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  The prevalence of chronic pancreatitis in tropical zones is far higher than in temperate zones, but there is no explanation\\u000a for this difference. Detailed social, occupational, and dietary histories were taken from 79 patients attending two hospitals\\u000a in Madras, South India. There were 53 apparently sporadic cases with both pancreatic calculi and diabetes; six apparently\\u000a sporadic cases with noncalcific disease,

J. M. Braganza; S. John; I. Padmalayam; V. Mohanfl; M. Viswanathan; S. Chari; M. Madanagopalan

1990-01-01

374

Pain Management in chronic pancreatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Opinion statement  Painful chronic pancreatitis is difficult to manage. We believe a multidisciplinary approach is the best means of evaluating\\u000a this complex syndrome. In our opinion, the initial evaluation should aim at firmly establishing the diagnosis of chronic pan-creatitis:\\u000a calcifications on imaging; duct morphologic changes on pancreatography; parenchymal changes on ultrasound; or evidence of\\u000a pancreatic dysfunction on secre-tin\\/ cholecystokinin stimulation tests.

Darwin L. Conwell; Gregory Zuccaro

1999-01-01

375

Pancreatic cancer, inflammation, and microbiome.  

PubMed

Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal cancers worldwide. No effective screening methods exist, and available treatment modalities do not effectively treat the disease. Inflammatory conditions such as pancreatitis represent a well-known risk factor for pancreatic cancer development. Yet only in the past 2 decades has pancreatic cancer been recognized as an inflammation-driven cancer, and the precise mechanisms underlying the pathogenic role of inflammation are beginning to be explored in detail. A substantial amount of preclinical and clinical evidence suggests that bacteria are likely to influence this process by activating immune receptors and perpetuating cancer-associated inflammation. The recent explosion of investigations of the human microbiome have highlighted how perturbations of commensal bacterial populations can promote inflammation and promote disease processes, including carcinogenesis. The elucidation of the interplay between inflammation and microbiome in the context of pancreatic carcinogenesis will provide novel targets for intervention to prevent and treat pancreatic cancer more efficiently. Further studies toward this direction are urgently needed. PMID:24855007

Zambirinis, Constantinos P; Pushalkar, Smruti; Saxena, Deepak; Miller, George

2014-01-01

376

Mimics of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.  

PubMed

Several uncommon primary pancreatic tumors, inflammatory conditions, metastasis to the pancreas and peripancreatic masses can mimic the appearance of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA). Differentiation between these lesions and PDA can be challenging, due to the overlap in imaging features; however, familiarity with their typical imaging features and clinical presentation may be helpful in their differentiation, as in some cases, invasive diagnostic tests or unnecessary surgery can be avoided. The different pathologies that can mimic PDA include inflammatory conditions such as the various forms of pancreatitis (chronic-focal mass-forming, autoimmune and groove pancreatitis), pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, solid pseudopapillary tumors, metastasis (solid non-lymphomatous and hematologic), congenital variants (annular pancreas), as well as peripancreatic lesions (accessory spleen, adrenal masses, duodenal masses, lymph nodes and vascular lesions), and certain rare pancreatic tumors (e.g., acinar cell tumors, solid serous tumors, hamartoma and solitary fibrous tumors). The clinical presentation and imaging features of the most commonly encountered mimics of PDA are discussed in this presentation with representative illustrations. PMID:24060833

Al-Hawary, Mahmoud M; Kaza, Ravi K; Azar, Shadi F; Ruma, Julie A; Francis, Isaac R

2013-01-01

377

Pancreatic carcinogenesis: apoptosis and angiogenesis.  

PubMed

Apoptosis and angiogenesis are critical biologic processes that are altered during carcinogenesis. Both apoptosis and angiogenesis may play an important role in pancreatic carcinogenesis. Despite numerous advances in the diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic cancer, its prognosis remains dismal and a new therapeutic approach is much needed. Recent research has revealed that apoptosis and angiogenesis are closely interrelated. Several reports show that a tumor suppresser gene that is expressed in pancreatic carcinoma and related to malignant potential can induce apoptosis and also inhibit angiogenesis. At present, it is generally accepted that tumor growth in cancers, including pancreatic cancer, depends on angiogenesis. We have identified 2 new angiogenesis inhibitors from a conditioned medium of human pancreatic carcinoma cell line (BxPC-3): antiangiogenic antithrombin III (aaAT-III) and vitamin D binding protein-macrophage activating factor (DBP-maf). These molecules were able to regress tumors in severe combined immunodeficiency disease (SCID) mice, demonstrating potent inhibition of endothelial cell proliferation. Moreover, the angiogenesis inhibitors induced tumor dormancy in the animal model. These results suggest that antiangiogenic therapy using angiogenesis inhibitors may become a new strategy for treatment of pancreatic cancer in the near future. PMID:15084979

Onizuka, Shinya; Kawakami, Shunsuke; Taniguchi, Ken; Fujioka, Hikaru; Miyashita, Kosei

2004-04-01

378

Pancreatic cancer: Advances in treatment  

PubMed Central

Pancreatic cancer is a leading cause of cancer mortality and the incidence of this disease is expected to continue increasing. While patients with pancreatic cancer have traditionally faced a dismal prognosis, over the past several years various advances in diagnosis and treatment have begun to positively impact this disease. Identification of effective combinations of existing chemotherapeutic agents, such as the FOLFIRINOX and the gemcitabine + nab-paclitaxel regimen, has improved survival for selected patients although concerns regarding their toxicity profiles remain. A better understanding of pancreatic carcinogenesis has identified several pre-malignant precursor lesions, such as pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasias, intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms, and cystic neoplasms. Imaging technology has also evolved dramatically so as to allow early detection of these lesions and thereby facilitate earlier management. Surgery remains a cornerstone of treatment for patients with resectable pancreatic tumors, and advances in surgical technique have allowed patients to undergo resection with decreasing perioperative morbidity and mortality. Surgery has also become feasible in selected patients with borderline resectable tumors as a result of neoadjuvant therapy. Furthermore, pancreatectomy involving vascular reconstruction and pancreatectomy with minimally invasive techniques have demonstrated safety without significantly compromising oncologic outcomes. Lastly, a deeper understanding of molecular aberrations contributing to the development of pancreatic cancer shows promise for future development of more targeted and safe therapeutic agents.

Mohammed, Somala; Van Buren II, George; Fisher, William E

2014-01-01

379

Vaccine Therapy With or Without Cryosurgery in Treating Patients With Residual, Relapsed, or Refractory B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia With Nodal Disease

2014-04-28

380

Primary central nervous system lymphomas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Opinion statement  Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is widely regarded as one of the primary brain tumors most amenable to treatment.\\u000a Although whole brain radiotherapy was the cornerstone of therapy for decades, recent work clearly indicates that chemotherapy\\u000a has become the primary focus of treatment for this disease. The initial treatment of PCNSL for all patients, including the\\u000a elderly, should

Lisa M. DeAngelis

2001-01-01

381

Anaemia associated with canine lymphoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dogs with previously untreated multicentric lymphoma were evaluated for the presence of the anaemia of chronic disease (ACD).\\u000a Specimens were collected for histopathology, haematology, serum biochemistry, direct antiglobulin test (DAT), total serum\\u000a iron concentration (TSI), total iron binding capacity (TIBC), bone marrow cytology, bone marrow iron determination and serum\\u000a erythropoietin concentration (EPO). Thirty-five dogs were included in the study. The

M. D. Lucroy; M. M. Christopher; S. A. Kraegel; E. R. Simonson; B. R. Madewell

1998-01-01

382

Malignant lymphoma involving the patella  

Microsoft Academic Search

The majority of skeletal lesions affecting the patella are benign and include entities such as chondroblastoma, giant cell\\u000a tumor, osteomyelitis, and gout. Malignant processes involving the patella are distinctly unusual. Isolated occurrences of\\u000a plasmacytoma, osteosarcoma, hemangiosarcoma, and metastatic disease have been reported. Malignant lymphoma involving the patella\\u000a is extremely uncommon, although lymphomatous infiltration of the skeletal system is not a

S. Cha; Elizabeth Schultz; Barbara McHeffey-Atkinson; David Sherr

1996-01-01

383

Treatment of Pediatric Hodgkin Lymphoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Opinion statement  We are increasingly successful in the treatment of Hodgkin lymphoma. Current risk adapted trials seek to maintain the excellent\\u000a efficacy of older therapies, while simultaneously limiting their late toxicities. Current management of early stage\\/favorable\\u000a disease involves the use of two to four cycles of tailored chemotherapy, often followed by low-dose, involved field radiation.\\u000a Those with intermediate and advanced stage

Michael R. Olson; Sarah S. Donaldson

2008-01-01

384

Lymphocyte-Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (LPHL) was first described in 1944 by Jackson and Parker as nodular paragranuloma\\u000a [1]. Other synonyms used were lymphocytic predominant Hodgkin disease, lymphocytic and histiocytic (L&H) predominant Hodgkindisease,\\u000a nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin disease, and nodular LPHL [2–5]. This term has become the one that is currently being\\u000a used. LPHL represents 5% of all HL cases and is a

Andreas Engert; Anas Younes

385

Primary central nervous system lymphoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Opinion statement  There is no class I evidence for any therapeutic option in primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). When possible,\\u000a patients should be included in clinical trials. The role of surgery is restricted to stereotactic biopsy in order to gain\\u000a material for histopathologic diagnosis. Radiotherapy alone is associated with a median survival of no more than 1.5 years;\\u000a cure is

Hendrik Pels; Uwe Schlegel

2006-01-01

386

Complicated acute pancreatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Opinion statement  The treatment of severe, complicated pancreatitis requires:\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a – \\u000a \\u000a Rapid assessment and recognition of severity, determined by using APACHE or equivalent scoring systems.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a – \\u000a \\u000a Aggressive resuscitation with crystalloid and colloid solutions using central venous monitoring for guidance, and to help\\u000a identify and treat early organ failure.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a – \\u000a \\u000a Nutritional support including total parenteral feeding, which can assist in maintaining nutrition during

Stephen P. Martin; Charles D. Ulrich

1999-01-01

387

Pancreatic duct strictures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Opinion statement  \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a – \\u000a \\u000a The treatment of pancreatic duct strictures is based on an accurate assessment of the etiology of the disease, and then the\\u000a degree of symptomatology. Our outline for therapy is as follows:\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a – \\u000a \\u000a Exclude a diagnosis of malignancy by using radiologic, endoscopic, histologic, and molecular biologic modalities.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a – \\u000a \\u000a Once a benign stricture has been demonstrated, we favor a

Jawad Ahmad; John Martin

2000-01-01

388

Biological characterization of adult MYC-translocation-positive mature B-cell lymphomas other than molecular Burkitt lymphoma.  

PubMed

Chromosomal translocations affecting the MYC oncogene are the biological hallmark of Burkitt lymphomas but also occur in a subset of other mature B-cell lymphomas. If accompanied by a chromosomal break targeting the BCL2 and/or BCL6 oncogene these MYC translocation-positive (MYC(+)) lymphomas are called double-hit lymphomas, otherwise the term single-hit lymphomas is applied. In order to characterize the biological features of these MYC(+) lymphomas other than Burkitt lymphoma we explored, after exclusion of molecular Burkitt lymphoma as defined by gene expression profiling, the molecular, pathological and clinical aspects of 80 MYC-translocation-positive lymphomas (31 single-hit, 46 double-hit and 3 MYC(+)-lymphomas with unknown BCL6 status). Comparison of single-hit and double-hit lymphomas revealed no difference in MYC partner (IG/non-IG), genomic complexity, MYC expression or gene expression profile. Double-hit lymphomas more frequently showed a germinal center B-cell-like gene expression profile and had higher IGH and MYC mutation frequencies. Gene expression profiling revealed 130 differentially expressed genes between BCL6(+)/MYC(+) and BCL2(+)/MYC(+) double-hit lymphomas. BCL2(+)/MYC(+) double-hit lymphomas more frequently showed a germinal center B-like gene expression profile. Analysis of all lymphomas according to MYC partner (IG/non-IG) revealed no substantial differences. In this series of lymphomas, in which immunochemotherapy was administered in only a minority of cases, single-hit and double-hit lymphomas had a similar poor outcome in contrast to the outcome of molecular Burkitt lymphoma and lymphomas without the MYC break. Our data suggest that, after excluding molecular Burkitt lymphoma and pediatric cases, MYC(+) lymphomas are biologically quite homogeneous with single-hit and double-hit lymphomas as well as IG-MYC and non-IG-MYC(+) lymphomas sharing various molecular characteristics. PMID:24179151

Aukema, Sietse M; Kreuz, Markus; Kohler, Christian W; Rosolowski, Maciej; Hasenclever, Dirk; Hummel, Michael; Küppers, Ralf; Lenze, Dido; Ott, German; Pott, Christiane; Richter, Julia; Rosenwald, Andreas; Szczepanowski, Monika; Schwaenen, Carsten; Stein, Harald; Trautmann, Heiko; Wessendorf, Swen; Trümper, Lorenz; Loeffler, Markus; Spang, Rainer; Kluin, Philip M; Klapper, Wolfram; Siebert, Reiner

2014-04-01

389

Role of pancreatic duct stenting in the treatment of chronic pancreatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and stent placement are relatively new alternatives to surgery for the treatment of chronic pancreatitis. The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of pancreatic duct stent placement for the treatment of chronic pancreatitis. Methods: This study included 89 patients treated with pancreatic stents between 1993 and 2002. The patients were contacted via telephone

G. C. Vitale; K. Cothron; E. A. Vitale; N. Rangnekar; C. M. Zavaleta; G. M. Larson; J. Binford; B. Hammond

2004-01-01

390

[(Diagnosis of pancreatitis and pancreatic carcinoma by means of intraoperative fine needle aspiration biopsy)].  

PubMed

Intraoperative fine needle aspiration biopsies were performed in 69 patients with clinical suspicion of pancreatic carcinoma. The biopsies were positive in 20 to 25 patients with proven pancreatic carcinoma. The cytologic appearances and the cellular components of pancreatic carcinoma and pancreatitis are presented and illustrated. PMID:398015

Fladerer, H P

1979-12-01

391

Endoscopic clearance of the pancreatic duct in chronic pancreatitis with severe pain  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a phase I study endoscopic removal of pancreatic duct stones and protein plugs was attempted in five patients suffering from chronic pancreatitis with severe chronic pain. The pancreatic duct contents could be extracted after successful sphincterotomy in three patients. Clearance of the pancreatic duct was followed by complete or partial relief of pain. The follow-up period was 17–48 months.

Stefan Linder; Carl-Fredrik Engström; Anette Rosen; Karl-Ludvig Wiechel

1993-01-01

392

Endocytoscopic findings of lymphomas of the stomach  

PubMed Central

Background The gastric lesions of various lymphomas were observed at the cellular level using endocytoscopy. Methods Endocytoscopy and magnifying endoscopy with narrow band imaging (NBI) were performed in 17 patients with lymphomas of the stomach. The lesions consisted of 7 with low-grade mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT), 5 with gastric involvement by adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL), 4 with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and 1 with peripheral T-cell lymphoma. Results On conventional endoscopy, 9 were classified as having superficial spreading type, 7 were mass-forming type, and 1 was diffuse infiltrating type. Anti-H. pylori treatment was given in the 7 MALT lymphoma cases. NBI magnification endoscopy invariably showed dilatation or ballooning and destruction of gastric pits and elongation and distortion in microvessels. Endocytoscopy showed mucosal aggregation of interstitial cellular elements in almost all gastric lymphoma cases. The nuclear diversity in size and configuration was exclusively seen in gastric lymphomas other than MALT lymphoma, whereas the nuclei of MALT lymphoma cells were regular and small to moderate in size. Inter-glandular infiltration by lymphomatous cell elements was frequently observed in MALT lymphoma and DLBCL, but it was uncommon in peripheral gastric T-cell malignancies. Endocytoscopy could identify the disease-specific histology, the lymphoepithelial origin, as inter-glandular infiltration of cellular components in MALT lymphoma and the possibly related DLBCL cases. Complete regression (CR) was observed in 2 of the 7 MALT lymphoma patients. In the 2 patients with CR who underwent repeat endocytoscopy, the ultra-high magnification abnormalities returned to normal, while they were unchanged in those without tumor regression. Conclusions On endocytoscopy, intra-glandular aggregation of cellular components was invariably identified in lymphomas of the stomach. Nuclear regularity in size and configuration may indicate the cytological grade, differentiating the indolent low-grade from aggressive lymphoproliferative diseases. The inter-glandular infiltration seen on endocytoscopy can indicate the lymphoepithelial lesions seen in MALT lymphoma and related DLBCL. Endocytoscopy would be applicable for virtual histopathological diagnosis of different lymphoproliferative disorders and their clinical assessment during ongoing endoscopy.

2013-01-01

393

[Marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue type (MALT lymphoma)].  

PubMed

Extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue type (MALT lymphoma) is a B-cell tumor thought to originate from B-lymphocytes that are normally present in the marginal zone of lymphoid follicles of the lymphoid tissue. About 50% of MALT lymphoma occurs in gastrointestinal tract. The majority of patients present with localized disease and indolent clinical progression. In localized gastric MALT lymphoma with Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection, HP eradication is recommended as first line therapy. In those without HP infection and localized non-gastric MALT lymphoma, involved field radiation therapy(IFRT) is recommended as first line therapy. Patients in advanced stage and salvage setting are managed according to the recommendations for advanced follicular lymphoma. The long-term survival rate of MALT lymphoma patients is 80-90%. PMID:24724410

Takahashi, Tsutomu; Suzumiya, Junji

2014-03-01

394

Rituximab and Interleukin-12 in Treating Patients With B-Cell Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma

2013-08-23

395

Alisertib in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Peripheral T-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma; Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma

2014-06-27

396

Vorinostat in Treating Patients With Low-Grade Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma

2014-06-30

397

Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase-Positive Large B-Cell Lymphoma: An Underrecognized Aggressive Lymphoma  

PubMed Central

Anaplastic lymphoma kinase-(ALK-) positive large B-cell lymphoma (ALK+ LBCL) is a rare, aggressive tumor characterized by an immunoblastic or plasmablastic morphologic appearance, expression of ALK, CD138, CD45, EMA, and often IgA by immunohistochemistry, and characteristic chromosomal translocations or rearrangements involving the ALK locus. The morphologic and immunophenotypic overlap of this tumor with other hematologic and nonhematologic malignancies may result in misdiagnosis. The tumor has been identified in both pediatric and adult populations and demonstrates a male predominance. Presentation is most often nodal, particularly cervical. No association with immunocompromise or geographic location has been recognized. The most common gene rearrangement is between clathrin and ALK (t(2;17)(p23;q23)), resulting in the CLTC-ALK chimeric protein, although other fusions have been described. Response to conventional chemotherapy is poor. The recent introduction of the small molecule ALK inhibitor, crizotinib, may provide a potential new therapeutic option for patients with this disease.

Morgan, Elizabeth A.; Nascimento, Alessandra F.

2012-01-01

398

Alpha 1 antitrypsin phenotypes and alcoholic pancreatitis.  

PubMed Central

Altered frequencies of alpha 1 antitrypsin phenotypes have been reported in patients with chronic pancreatitis, suggesting a possible genetic basis for individual susceptibility to this disease. Alpha 1 antitrypsin phenotypes, with particular regard to alcoholic pancreatitis, were studied. Patients with alcoholic pancreatitis were compared with alcoholic control subjects with no history of pancreatic disease. Serum alpha 1 antitrypsin concentrations were raised in pancreatitis patients sampled within one month of an acute attack of pancreatitis, but otherwise values were similar to those of control subjects. There were no significant differences in alpha 1 antitrypsin phenotypes between alcoholics with pancreatitis and alcoholic control subjects. This study of alpha 1 antitrypsin phenotypes provides no evidence of an inherited susceptibility to alcoholic pancreatitis.

Haber, P S; Wilson, J S; McGarity, B H; Hall, W; Thomas, M C; Pirola, R C

1991-01-01

399

Divergent Effects of Dendritic Cells on Pancreatitis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Numbers dendritic cells (DCs) increased 100-fold in pancreata of mice with acute pancreatitis to account for nearly 15% of intrapancreatic leukocytes. Intrapancreatic DCs acquired a distinct immune phenotype in mice with acute pancreatitis; they expressed...

G. Miller

2013-01-01

400

Acute pancreatitis complicating excessive intake of phenolphthalein.  

PubMed Central

A case is described in which a patient presented with acute pancreatitis following inadvertent ingestion of large quantities of phenolphthalein for the treatment of his chronic constipation. There was complete recovery and no sequelae from the acute attack of pancreatitis.

Lambrianides, A. L.; Rosin, R. D.

1984-01-01

401

Cancer Stem Cells Found in Pancreatic Tumors  

Cancer.gov

Researchers have detected cancer stem cells in tumors from patients with pancreatic cancer. Experiments in mice suggest that these cancer stem cells may help explain the aggressive growth and spread of pancreatic tumors seen in patients.

402

Relationship between pancreatic enzymes and pathological changes in the pancreas in acute pancreatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  To clarify the relationship between changes in serum pancreatic enzymes and pathological changes in pancreatic parenchyma,\\u000a this study was performed by using rat models with acute pancreatitis. The models were rats with edematous and necrotizing\\u000a pancreatitis. Amylase, lipase, ribonuclease (RNase), and deoxyribonuclease (DNase I, II) in the serum were determined for\\u000a 48 h after the development of pancreatitis. Amylase and

Yoshio Kinami; Ichiro Kita

1989-01-01

403

Symptomatic severe hypertriglyceridaemia with asparaginase therapy in acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) and lymphoblastic lymphoma: is rechallenging safe?  

PubMed

Severe hyperlipidaemia with asparaginase therapy is rare. We report six cases, four of which developed significant problems with severe hyperlipidaemia during induction therapy for ALL and lymphoblastic lymphoma. The median triglyceride level was 22.3 mmol/L and the median cholesterol level was 12.3 mmol/L. None of the patients showed signs or symptoms of pancreatitis. Three children were re-exposed with Peg asparaginase, and one with Erwinia asparaginase, without recurrence of hyperlipidaemia or other symptoms. These cases highlight the dilemma in managing such rare cases of symptomatic hypertriglyceridaemia secondary to asparaginase and steroid therapy. PMID:22057510

Lashkari, Harsha Prasada; Lancaster, Donna; Atra, Ayad; Champion, Michael P; Taj, Mary M

2011-12-01

404

Minute pancreatic carcinoma with initial symptom of acute pancreatitis.  

PubMed

We experienced a case of minute pancreatic carcinoma in a 59-year-old man who complained of upper abdominal pain after drinking alcohol. Abdominal ultrasonography (US) revealed dilatation of the main pancreatic duct (MPD). Abdominal computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) showed slight dilatation of the MPD and its obstruction near the portal vein. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) demonstrated occlusion of the MPD, and cytology of aspirated pancreatic juice was negative for malignancy. With the diagnosis of benign localized obstruction of the MPD, the patient underwent surgery. There was a clear demarcation of hardness and color of the pancreas on the left margin of the superior mesenteric vein, and the caudal pancreas was hard and fibrotic. Intraoperative US revealed slight dilatation of the MPD, and the aspiration cytology result was class IV. First, segmental resection of the pancreas was performed, but pathological examination of frozen section showed neither malignancy nor stenotic lesion. An additional small portion of the proximal pancreas was resected. The specimen included a ductal carcinoma, 5 mm in diameter. Accordingly, a pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy was performed. Microscopically, the minute carcinoma had already penetrated the duct wall and infiltrated lymph vessels and veins. The patient has been under close observation at our outpatient clinic, and so far there have been no signs of recurrence. To improve the poor prognosis of pancreatic cancer, we should be alert to the occurrence of acute pancreatitis as an initial symptom. PMID:12541052

Imamura, Mikio; Asahi, Shuji; Yamauchi, Hidemi; Tadokoro, Keiichi; Suzuki, Hiroyoshi

2002-01-01

405

Association of Pancreatic Fatty Infiltration With Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: Fatty infiltration (FI) in the pancreas is positively correlated with high body mass index (BMI) or obesity, and the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM), which are well-known risk factors of pancreatic cancer. However, the association of FI in the pancreas with pancreatic cancer is unclear. Recently, we have shown that Syrian golden hamsters feature FI of the pancreas, the severity of which increases along with the progression of carcinogenesis induced by a chemical carcinogen. To translate the results to a clinical setting, we investigated whether FI in the pancreas is associated with pancreatic cancer in a series of patients who had undergone pancreatoduodenectomy. METHODS: In the series, we identified 102 cases with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and 85 controls with cancers except for PDAC. The degree of FI was evaluated histopathologically from the area occupied by adipocytes in pancreas sections, and was compared between the cases and controls. RESULTS: The degree of FI in the pancreas was significantly higher in cases than in controls (median 26 vs. 15%, P<0.001) and positively associated with PDAC, even after adjustment for BMI, prevalence of DM and other confounding factors (odds ratio (OR), 6.1; P<0.001). BMI was identified as the most significantly associated factor with FI in the pancreas. CONCLUSIONS: There is a positive correlation between FI in the pancreas and pancreatic cancer.

Hori, Mika; Takahashi, Mami; Hiraoka, Nobuyoshi; Yamaji, Taiki; Mutoh, Michihiro; Ishigamori, Rikako; Furuta, Koh; Okusaka, Takuji; Shimada, Kazuaki; Kosuge, Tomoo; Kanai, Yae; Nakagama, Hitoshi

2014-01-01

406

Pancreatitis and Diabetic Ketoacidosis with Quetiapine Use  

PubMed Central

There have been case reports about second-generation antipsychotics causing pancreatitis. In addition, there has been a case report of pancreatitis without diabetic ketoacidosis associated with the use of quetiapine, specifically, and a case report of a patient receiving quetiapine who rapidly developed hyperglycemia and acidosis without evidence of acute or chronic pancreatitis. We present what we believe to be the first report of a patient who developed pancreatitis and life-threatening diabetic ketoacidosis while receiving quetiapine.

Starer, Perry J.; Javaid, Shazia

2009-01-01

407

CT detection of asymptomatic pancreatitis following ERCP  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presence or absence of pancreatitis without symptoms attributable to pancreatitis was assessed by computed tomography (CT) in 31 patients who underwent CT following endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) within a time interval of 0–9 days. Presence or absence of pancreatitis was proven by elevated or normal amylase, and\\/or surgery, and by symptoms related to pancreatitis. Twenty-five of the patients underwent ERCP

Ruedi F. Thoeni; Sean C. Fell; Henry I. Goldberg

1990-01-01

408

Therapy of newly diagnosed follicular lymphoma  

PubMed Central

Newly diagnosed follicular lymphoma is relatively common and can be effectively treated with several differing approaches. Although the disease is often considered incurable, it is highly responsive to therapy when indicated. This review discusses the indications for treatment, risk stratification systems, treatment options with supporting clinical trial data, and expected therapeutic outcomes in newly diagnosed follicular lymphoma.

Westin, Jason R.; Neelapu, Sattva S.

2012-01-01

409

Nature and importance of follicular lymphoma precursors  

PubMed Central

It is now widely recognized that cancer development is a protracted process requiring the stepwise acquisition of multiple oncogenic events. In humans, this process can take decades, if not a lifetime, blurring the notion of ‘healthy’ individuals. Follicular lymphoma exemplifies this multistep pathway of oncogenesis. In recent years, variants of follicular lymphoma have been recognized that appear to represent clonal B-cell expansions at an early stage of follicular lymphoma lymphomagenesis. These include follicular lymphoma in situ, duodenal follicular lymphoma, partial involvement by follicular lymphoma, and in the blood circulating follicular lymphoma-like B cells. Recent genetic studies have identified similarities and differences between the early lesions and overt follicular lymphoma, providing important information for understanding their biological evolution. The data indicate that there is already genomic instability at these early stages, even in instances with a low risk for clinical progression. The overexpression of BCL2 in t(14;18)-positive B cells puts them at risk for subsequent genetic aberrations when they re-enter the germinal center and are exposed to the influences of activation-induced cytidine deaminase and somatic hypermutations. The emerging data provide a rationale for clinical management and, in the future, may identify genetic risk factors that warrant early therapeutic intervention.

Mamessier, Emilie; Broussais-Guillaumot, Florence; Chetaille, Bruno; Bouabdallah, Reda; Xerri, Luc; Jaffe, Elaine S.; Nadel, Bertrand

2014-01-01

410

NKT Cell Responses to B Cell Lymphoma  

PubMed Central

Natural killer T (NKT) cells are a unique subset of CD1d-restricted T lymphocytes that express characteristics of both T cells and natural killer cells. NKT cells mediate tumor immune-surveillance; however, NKT cells are numerically reduced and functionally impaired in lymphoma patients. Many hematologic malignancies express CD1d molecules and co-stimulatory proteins needed to induce anti-tumor immunity by NKT cells, yet most tumors are poorly immunogenic. In this study, we sought to investigate NKT cell responses to B cell lymphoma. In the presence of exogenous antigen, both mouse and human NKT cell lines produce cytokines following stimulation by B cell lymphoma lines. NKT cell populations were examined ex vivo in mouse models of spontaneous B cell lymphoma, and it was found that during early stages, NKT cell responses were enhanced in lymphoma-bearing animals compared to disease-free animals. In contrast, in lymphoma-bearing animals with splenomegaly and lymphadenopathy, NKT cells were functionally impaired. In a mouse model of blastoid variant mantle cell lymphoma, treatment of tumor-bearing mice with a potent NKT cell agonist, ?-galactosylceramide (?-GalCer), resulted in a significant decrease in disease pathology. Ex vivo studies demonstrated that NKT cells from ?-GalCer treated mice produced IFN-? following ?-GalCer restimulation, unlike NKT cells from vehicle-control treated mice. These data demonstrate an important role for NKT cells in the immune response to an aggressive hematologic malignancy like mantle cell lymphoma.

Li, Junxin; Sun, Wenji; Subrahmanyam, Priyanka B.; Page, Carly; Younger, Kenisha M.; Tiper, Irina V.; Frieman, Matthew; Kimball, Amy S.; Webb, Tonya J.

2014-01-01

411

T cell immunosurveillance controls B lymphoma development  

PubMed Central

We recently showed a critical role for T cells in the immunosurveillance of nascent B cell lymphomas arising from mutations impacting plasma cell differentiation. Our data suggest that CD8+ T cells continuously eliminate mutated B cells that fail to downregulate their co-stimulatory machinery and the Fas death receptor, thus constraining B lymphoma pathogenesis.

Kallies, Axel

2014-01-01

412

SPECT gallium imaging in abdominal lymphoma  

SciTech Connect

A case of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the abdomen studied by gallium SPECT imaging is reported. The tomographic slices accurately demonstrated the location of residual disease after chemotherapy in the region of the transverse mesocolon. Previous transmission CT had shown considerable persistent retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy, but was not helpful in determining the presence of viable lymphoma.

Adcock, K.A.; Friefeld, G.D.; Waldron, J.A. Jr.

1986-05-01

413

Ofatumumab and Bendamustine Hydrochloride With or Without Bortezomib in Treating Patients With Untreated Follicular Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Contiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage I Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage I Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage I Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma

2014-06-17

414

Monoclonal Antibody Therapy in Treating Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, Lymphocytic Lymphoma, Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, or Acute Myeloid Leukemia  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage III Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage III Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Stage IV Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage IV Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

2013-06-03

415

Migration path of stem cells involved in the repair of damaged pancreatic tissue caused by pancreatitis  

PubMed Central

Objective: To investigate the migratory path of stem cells in pancreatic tissues damaged by pancreatitis and to preliminarily identify stem cells that efficiently contribute to the repair of damaged pancreatic tissues. Methods: An animal model of acute pancreatitis was established, in which rats in the experimental group were given intraperitoneal (IP) injections of caerulein. Before the rats were sacrificed, 5-bromo-2’-deoxyuridine (BrdU) was administered by IP injection to label proliferating pancreatic cells. The localization and distribution of the stem cell-specific marker proteins nestin and c-kit in pancreatic tissues were examined using an immunohistochemical approach, and proliferation-specific BrdU incorporation was also analyzed. Results: (1) The nestin-positive cells first appeared in the pancreatic interlobar vessels, and then, were observed in the pancreatic acinar and islet tissues. (2) C-kit-positive cells were located only in the pancreatic islets. (3) BrdU-positive cells first appeared in the area surrounding the interlobular region, and then were diffusely distributed and filled the pancreatic lobules. Conclusions: (1) The stem cells, participated in the repair of damaged pancreatic tissue, appear firstly in the pancreatic interlobar vessels, then migrate toward the pancreatic lobules by using the interlobar vessels as channels and penetrate through the vascular endothelium into the pancreatic acinar tissues. A portion of the stem cells eventually penetrate into the islet tissue. (2) Exogenous stem cells, rather than the tissue-resident stem cells, efficiently contribute to the repair of damaged pancreatic tissues.

Gong, Jiaqing; Wang, Yonghua; Cao, Yongkuan

2014-01-01

416

Technical Advances in Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS)-Guided Tissue Acquisition for Pancreatic Cancers: How Can We Get the Best Results with EUS-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration?  

PubMed Central

Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is one of the least invasive and most effective modality in diagnosing pancreatic adenocarcinoma in solid pancreatic lesions, with a higher diagnostic accuracy than cystic tumors. EUS-FNA has been shown to detect tumors less than 3 mm, due to high spatial resolution allowing the detection of very small lesions and vascular invasion, particularly in the pancreatic head and neck, which may not be detected on transverse computed tomography. Furthermore, this minimally invasive procedure is often ideal in the endoscopic procurement of tissue in patients with unresectable tumors. While EUS-FNA has been increasingly used as a diagnostic tool, most studies have collectively looked at all primary pancreatic solid lesions, including lymphomas and pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms, whereas very few studies have examined the diagnostic utility of EUS-FNA of pancreatic ductal carcinoma only. As with any novel and advanced endoscopic procedure that may incorporate several practices and approaches, endoscopists have adopted diverse techniques to improve the tissue procurement practice and increase diagnostic accuracy. In this article, we present a review of literature to date and discuss currently practiced EUS-FNA technique, including indications, technical details, equipment, patient selection, and diagnostic accuracy.

Kedia, Prashant; Gaidhane, Monica

2013-01-01

417

[Modern structure of the pancreatic injuries].  

PubMed

Current structure of pancreatic traumas of peace time is considered. The dynamics, mechanism and characteristics of pancreastic injury are described. Surgical treatment of pancreatic injuries and causes of their inadequate management are analysed. This will contribute to improvement of the quality of treatment of pancreatic injuries and of expert evaluation. PMID:16279489

Chirkov, R N; Vasiutkov, V Ia; Chelnokov, V S

2005-01-01

418

Recurrent pancreatitis in ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency.  

PubMed

Ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) deficiency is a urea cycle defect with varying frequency and severity of episodes of hyperammonemia. We report three patients with OTC deficiency with recurrent pancreatitis. The pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis in this patient population requires further elucidation. Pancreatitis significantly affected dietary/metabolic management and increased frequency of hospitalizations. PMID:22728053

Prada, Carlos E; Kaul, Ajay; Hopkin, Robert J; Page, Kimberley I; Nathan, Jaimie D; Bartholomew, Dennis W; Cohen, Mitchell B; Heubi, James E; Leslie, Nancy D; Burrow, T Andrew

2012-08-01

419

Intestinal morphology and cytokinetics in pancreatic insufficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intraluminal pancreatic enzymes influence intestinal function, adaptation, and susceptibility to injury. These effects may be mediated partly through changes in the rate of epithelial cell turnover. We assessed intestinal morphology and cytokinetics in a rat model of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency that does not alter anatomic relationships or animal growth. Pancreatic duct occlusion was performed by applying metal clips on both

Martin Hauer-Jensen; Gudbrand Skjonsberg; Eva Moen; Ole Petter Fraas Clausen

1995-01-01

420

Nonoperative management of pancreatic injuries in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The safety and efficacy of nonoperative management of pancreatic contusions and transections was examined by reviewing the case histories of 35 consecutive children with pancreatic injuries treated over the past 10 years.Methods\\/Results: Surgical exploration was performed for the management of associated injuries only. The diagnosis of pancreatic trauma was suspected in children with abdominal pain, tenderness, elevated serum amylase

Joel Shilyansky; Laureen M Sena; Margaret Kreller; Peter Chait; Paul S Babyn; Robert M Filler; Richard H Pearl

1998-01-01

421

Acute Pancreatitis in the Guangdong Province, China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/Aims: Many studies have recently been published on acute pancreatitis; however, few large-sample studies have been focused on the risk factors for deaths in severe acute pancreatitis. To address this issue, the present study was intended to assess etiology, severity, and mortality of acute pancreatitis in the Guangdong Province (Guangdong), China, and to analyze the risk factors responsible for deaths

Yu Bai; Lin Jia; Bingsheng Wang; Bihui Yang; Liping Wang; Xingang Shi; Wenjun Zhang; Yan Liu; Duowu Zou; Zhaoshen Li

2007-01-01

422

Lactoferrin secretion in alcoholic pancreatic disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lactoferrin, a nonenzyme protein normally secreted in small amounts in pancreatic juice, has been reported by several investigators to be secreted in large amounts in chronic pancreatitis. Whether this increased secretion first occurs at an early or late stage of alcoholic pancreatic disease is unknown. In this study we measured lactoferrin and enzyme outputs in duodenal juice from 10 healthy

William R. Brugge; Catherine A. Burke

1988-01-01

423

Management of chronic relapsing pancreatitis in adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chronic relapsing pancreatitis in adolescence is a most uncommon clinical problem and has received minimal separate recognition in the literature. Adolescence is an age when the causes of the disease, which may operate from birth, overlap with the major etiological factors in the generality of pancreatitis in adult life. A personal series of 32 patients with pancreatitis, aged 11–20 years,

John E. Trapnell

1990-01-01

424

Update on Endoscopic Treatment of Chronic Pancreatitis  

PubMed Central

Endoscopic therapy has been increasingly recognized as the effective therapy in selected patients with chronic pancreatitis. Utility of endotherapy in various conditions occurring in chronic pancreatitis is discussed. Its efficacy, limitations, and alternatives are addressed. For the best management of these complex entities, a multidisciplinary approach involving expertise in all pancreatic specialties is essential to achieve the goal.

Yoo, Byung Moo

2009-01-01

425

Pancreatic cancer: Pathogenesis, prevention and treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in the United States with a very low survival rate of 5 years. To better design new preventive and\\/or therapeutic strategies for the fight against pancreatic cancer, the knowledge of the pathogenesis of pancreatic cancer at the molecular level is very important. It has been known that the development and the

Fazlul H. Sarkar; Sanjeev Banerjee; Yiwei Li

2007-01-01

426

Chronic pancreatitis: etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and aims. This review discusses current concepts regarding the etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of chronic pancreatitis. Results. Treatment of patients suffering from complications of chronic pancreatitis remains a major challenge. Continuous alcohol consumption, a disease with enormous personal and social impact, is still the leading factor in the development of chronic pancreatitis. The most distressing symptom for the

T. Strate; W. T. Knoefel; E. Yekebas; J. R. Izbicki

2003-01-01

427

New and Experimental Skin-Directed Therapies for Cutaneous Lymphomas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Primary cutaneous lymphomas (CLs) originate in the skin and should be differentiated from secondary skin infiltrates, which are manifestations of lymphomas of nodal or extranodal origin. These rare diseases include various lymphoproliferative disorders: cutaneous T-cell lymphomas, cutaneous B-cell lymphomas and some rare subtypes. As definitive cure is often not possible, it is important to control the disease and alleviate symptoms.

Arpad Farkas; Lajos Kemeny; Lars E. French; Reinhard Dummer

2009-01-01

428

FDG-PET/CT in lymphoma  

PubMed Central

Lymphomas are a heterogeneous group of diseases that arise from the constituent cells of the immune system or from their precursors. 18F-fludeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) is now the cornerstone of staging procedures in the state-of-the-art management of Hodgkin's disease and aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. It plays an important role in staging, restaging, prognostication, planning appropriate treatment strategies, monitoring therapy, and detecting recurrence. However, its role in indolent lymphomas is still unclear and calls for further investigational trials. The protean PET/CT manifestations of lymphoma necessitate a familiarity with the spectrum of imaging findings to enable accurate diagnosis. A meticulous evaluation of PET/CT findings, an understanding of its role in the management of lymphomas, and knowledge of its limitations are mandatory for the optimal utilization of this technique.

D'souza, Maria M; Jaimini, Abhinav; Bansal, Abhishek; Tripathi, Madhavi; Sharma, Rajnish; Mondal, Anupam; Tripathi, Rajendra Prashad

2013-01-01

429

Orbital plasmablastic lymphoma with remission following chemotherapy  

PubMed Central

We report the case of a middle-aged HIV-positive man who presented with proptosis and retro-ocular pain. On CT and MR imaging, a retro-orbital enhancing mass was seen, and PET/CT revealed this lesion as well as a similarly characterized mass in the nasopharynx to be hypermetabolic. Biopsy and subsequent pathological characterization revealed this mass to be plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL), a rare form of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma associated with HIV-infection. PBL is a diffuse B-cell lymphoma with characteristic cell marker patterns. The most common site of this malignancy is within the oral cavity. This case constitutes an unusual orbital manifestation of plasmablastic lymphoma as well as an unusual case in its response to chemotherapy. This case illustrates the importance of functional imaging with PET/CT in the diagnosis, management, and follow-up of plasmablastic lymphoma.

Degnan, Andrew J.; Levy, Lucien M.

2011-01-01

430

Primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas.  

PubMed

Primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCLs) encompass a clinically and biologically heterogeneous group of non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs) defined by clonal proliferation of skin-homing malignant T lymphocytes and natural killer cells. They account for up to 75% to 80% of all cutaneous lymphomas. The current WHO-EORTC classification of cutaneous lymphomas with primary cutaneous manifestations lists 13 entities. The most common subtypes-mycosis fungoides, Sézary syndrome, primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma, and lymphomatoid papulosis-which represent approximately 95% of CTCLs, will be discussed in the following review. Each entity has unique biological characteristics and clinical course. Topical and/or systemic therapies are employed based on the stage of the disease and the tempo of progression. PMID:17124079

Rosen, Steven T; Querfeld, Christiane

2006-01-01

431

Study of Bortezomib and Panobinostat in Treating Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma or NK/T-cell Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma (Not Otherwise Specified); Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma Nasal Type; Enteropathy- Type T-cell Lymphoma; Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma (ALCL) (ALK-1 Negative); Relapsed ALCL (ALK-1 Positive) Post Autologous Transplant

2014-06-26

432

Gastrointestinal lymphomas: Morphology, immunophenotype and molecular features  

PubMed Central

Primary gastrointestinal lymphoma comprises 10-15% of all non-Hodgkin lymphomas and encompasses 30-40% of the total extranodal lymphomas. Approximately 60-75% of cases occur in the stomach, and then the small bowel, ileum, cecum, colon and rectum. Lymphoid neoplasms may consist of mature B, T and less commonly extranodal NK/T cells. Of these, the two most frequently encountered histologic subtypes are extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma), where Helicobacter pylori infection is implicated in a number of cases, and diffuse large B cell lymphoma. Several B cell lymphomas are associated with chromosomal aberrations. Enteropathy-associated T cell lymphoma, type I in particular, usually arises in a background of celiac disease. T cell gene rearrangement confirms clonality. NK/T cell neoplasms are invariably associated with Epstein-Barr virus infection and are often aggressive; thus, differentiation from a benign NK-cell enteropathy is paramount. Although incidence of other hematopoietic malignancies in the gastrointestinal tract such as plasma cell myeloma associated with amyloidosis, plasmablastic lymphoma, Hodgkin disease, histiocytic sarcoma and mast cell sarcoma is extremely rare, these entities have been documented, with the latter two demonstrating aggressive clinical behavior. Endoscopic ultrasonography is an important adjunct in disease staging and follow-up. Conservative antibiotic treatment of stage I MALT lymphomas with associated Helicobacter pylori infection achieves good clinical outcome with high remission rate. Chemotherapy, radiation and rarely surgery are reserved for advanced diseases or cases resistant to conservative therapy and those not associated with Helicobacter pylori infection.

Bautista-Quach, Marnelli A.; Ake, Christopher D.; Chen, Mingyi

2012-01-01

433

PCMdb: Pancreatic Cancer Methylation Database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pancreatic cancer is the fifth most aggressive malignancy and urgently requires new biomarkers to facilitate early detection. For providing impetus to the biomarker discovery, we have developed Pancreatic Cancer Methylation Database (PCMDB, http://crdd.osdd.net/raghava/pcmdb/), a comprehensive resource dedicated to methylation of genes in pancreatic cancer. Data was collected and compiled manually from published literature. PCMdb has 65907 entries for methylation status of 4342 unique genes. In PCMdb, data was compiled for both cancer cell lines (53565 entries for 88 cell lines) and cancer tissues (12342 entries for 3078 tissue samples). Among these entries, 47.22% entries reported a high level of methylation for the corresponding genes while 10.87% entries reported low level of methylation. PCMdb covers five major subtypes of pancreatic cancer; however, most of the entries were compiled for adenocarcinomas (88.38%) and mucinous neoplasms (5.76%). A user-friendly interface has been developed for data browsing, searching and analysis. We anticipate that PCMdb will be helpful for pancreatic cancer biomarker discovery.

Nagpal, Gandharva; Sharma, Minakshi; Kumar, Shailesh; Chaudhary, Kumardeep; Gupta, Sudheer; Gautam, Ankur; Raghava, Gajendra P. S.

2014-02-01

434

[Pancreatic trauma: a case report].  

PubMed

Pancreatic trauma is a rare event, accounting for approximately 3% of all blunt abdominal traumas. The related mortality is quite high, around 5-30%, mostly due to the associated haemorrhagic lesions and to the delay in establishing the diagnosis, while pancreatic damage is directly responsible for death in only 5-10% of cases. We report here on a case of severe pancreatic trauma, underestimated initially and treated surgically at a later stage. The literature shows that the main difficulty in cases of pancreatic trauma is still related to failure recognizing the injury or to the frequent delay in diagnosing the condition, above all in haemodynamically unstable patients. In these cases, as in the one treated in this report, the clinical evidence and the priority accorded to the treatment of the shock are factors that tend to limit thorough examination. In haemodynamically stable patients, on the other hand, the multislice CT-scan and MR pancreatography-wirsungography are useful for the diagnosis. The treatment can be either conservative or surgical, depending on the extent of the damage, especially to the Wirsung duct. Surgical treatment with preservation of the entire pancreatic parenchyma, as performed in our case, even if technically demanding, makes it possible to maintain the function of the pancreas, thus reducing the risk of metabolic complications. PMID:16729615

La Greca, Gaetano; Castello, Giorgio; Barbagallo, Francesco; Conti, Pietro; Latteri, Saverio; Randazzo, Valentina; Gresta, Sebastiano; Bonaccorso, Rosario; Russello, Domenico

2006-01-01

435

[Latest advances in pancreatic tumors].  

PubMed

Pancreatic cancer (PC) continues to have a very poor prognosis. New epidemiological trials suggest that statins could play a protective role in smokers, while HbsAg-positive hepatitis B virus could be a risk factor. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is the main diagnostic tool for PC, and new technologies associated with this technique have emerged, such as quantitative elastography, intravenous contrasts or, more recently, LASER confocal endomicroscopy. New markers in urine or pancreatic juice have appeared to distinguish between PC and chronic pancreatitis. The role of the "on site" cytopathologist to increase the diagnostic yield of EUS-guided pancreatic sampling is completely supported by new prospective trials and some multicenter studies have been reported that compare the standard cytologic needles with the new procore-histology needles. Regarding cystic pancreatic tumors, most studies have aimed to validate the 2012 Sendai international guidelines and to ascertain predictive factors of malignancy in cystic lesions, mainly intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN). The role of intracystic CEA levels in determining malignancy is challenged. From a therapeutic point of view, EUS-guided radiofrequency ablation of cystic and solid lesions has emerged as a feasible and safe procedure in specific circumstances. PMID:24160958

Lariño Noia, José

2013-10-01

436

Physical exercise and pancreatic islets  

PubMed Central

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a great public health problem, which attacks part of the world population, being characterized by an imbalance in body glucose homeostasis. Physical exercise is pointed as a protective agent and is also recommended to people with DM. As pancreatic islets present an important role in glucose homeostasis, we aim to study the role of physical exercise (chronic adaptations and acute responses) in pancreatic islets functionality in Wistar male rats. First, animals were divided into two groups: sedentary (S) and aerobic trained (T). At the end of 8 weeks, half of them (S and T) were submitted to an acute exercise session (exercise until exhaustion), being subdivided as acute sedentary (AS) and acute trained (AT). After the experimental period, periepididymal, retroperitoneal and subcutaneous fat pads, blood, soleus muscle and pancreatic islets were collected and prepared for further analysis. From the pancreatic islets, total insulin content, insulin secretion stimulated by glucose, leucine, arginine and carbachol were analyzed. Our results pointed that body adiposity and glucose homeostasis improved with chronic physical exercise. In addition, total insulin content was reduced in group AT, insulin secretion stimulated by glucose was reduced in trained groups (T and AT) and insulin secretion stimulated by carbachol was increased in group AT. There were no significant differences in insulin secretion stimulated by arginine and leucine. We identified a possible modulating action on insulin secretion, probably related to the association of chronic adaptation with an acute response on cholinergic activity in pancreatic islets.

Almeida, Felipe N.; Proenca, Andre R.G.; Chimin, Patricia; Marcal, Anderson C.; Bessa-Lima, Fabio; Carvalho, Carla R.O.

2012-01-01

437

Prognostic analyses on anatomical and morphological classification of feline lymphoma.  

PubMed

The present study was carried out to analyze the prognosis of 163 cats with lymphoma classified anatomically and cytomorphologically. Anatomically, alimentary lymphoma was the most common form and showed significantly shorter survival than mediastinal and nasal lymphomas in cats. Cytomorphologically, there was no predominant subtype in feline lymphomas. Immunoblastic type (18%), centroblastic type (16%), globule leukocyte type (15%), lymphocytic type (12%), lymphoblastic type (12%), pleomorphic medium and large cell type (10%) and anaplastic large cell type (7%) were relatively common subtypes. Most of the cats with globule leukocyte lymphoma had the alimentary form. Comparing median survival time among classifications, cats with globule leukocyte lymphoma showed significantly shorter survival than those with high-grade and other low-grade lymphomas. Furthermore, cats with high-grade lymphomas showed significantly shorter survival than cats with other low-grade lymphomas. The present study indicated the clinical significance of anatomical and cytomorphological evaluation in feline lymphomas. PMID:24521793

Sato, Hirofumi; Fujino, Yasuhito; Chino, Junko; Takahashi, Masashi; Fukushima, Kenjiro; Goto-Koshino, Yuko; Uchida, Kazuyuki; Ohno, Koichi; Tsujimoto, Hajime

2014-07-01

438

Prognostic Analyses on Anatomical and Morphological Classification of Feline Lymphoma  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT The present study was carried out to analyze the prognosis of 163 cats with lymphoma classified anatomically and cytomorphologically. Anatomically, alimentary lymphoma was the most common form and showed significantly shorter survival than mediastinal and nasal lymphomas in cats. Cytomorphologically, there was no predominant subtype in feline lymphomas. Immunoblastic type (18%), centroblastic type (16%), globule leukocyte type (15%), lymphocytic type (12%), lymphoblastic type (12%), pleomorphic medium and large cell type (10%) and anaplastic large cell type (7%) were relatively common subtypes. Most of the cats with globule leukocyte lymphoma had the alimentary form. Comparing median survival time among classifications, cats with globule leukocyte lymphoma showed significantly shorter survival than those with high-grade and other low-grade lymphomas. Furthermore, cats with high-grade lymphomas showed significantly shorter survival than cats with other low-grade lymphomas. The present study indicated the clinical significance of anatomical and cytomorphological evaluation in feline lymphomas.

SATO, Hirofumi; FUJINO, Yasuhito; CHINO, Junko; TAKAHASHI, Masashi; FUKUSHIMA, Kenjiro; GOTO-KOSHINO, Yuko; UCHIDA, Kazuyuki; OHNO, Koichi; TSUJIMOTO, Hajime

2014-01-01

439

Pancreatic carcinoma in fibrocalcific pancreatic diabetes: An eastern India perspective.  

PubMed

Fibrocalcific pancreatic diabetes (FCPD) is a rare cause of diabetes (<1%) of uncertain etiology associated with >100-fold increased risk of pancreatic cancer. We present 3 patients of FCPD with pancreatic cancer who had long duration of diabetes (19 years, 25 years, and 28 years, respectively), all of whom presented with anorexia, weight loss, and worsened glycemic control. Patient-1 in addition presented with deep venous thrombosis. All the 3 patients had evidence of metastasis at the time of diagnosis. Computerized tomography (CT) abdomen revealed atrophic pancreas, dilated pancreatic ducts, and multiple calculi in the head, body, and tail of pancreas in all of them. Patient-1 had 38 mm × 38 mm × 32 mm mass in the tail of pancreas with multiple target lesions were seen in the right lobe of liver. Patient-2 had a mass in the tail of pancreas (46 × 34 × 31 mm) encasing the celiac plexus and superior mesenteric artery infiltrating the splenic hilum and splenic flexure of colon. Patient-3 also had a mass in the tail of pancreas (33 × 31 × 22 mm), with multiple target lesions in the liver, suggestive of metastasis. All patients had elevated serum CA19-9 (828.8, 179.65, and 232 U/L, respectively; normal <40 U/L). Patients of FCPD with anorexia, weight loss, worsening of glycemic control should be evaluated to rule out pancreatic cancer. Studies are warranted to evaluate CA19-9 as a screening tool for diagnosing pancreatic cancer at an earlier stage in FCPD. PMID:23565475

Chakraborty, Partha Pratim; Dutta, Deep; Biswas, Kaushik; Sanyal, Triranjan; Ghosh, Sujoy; Mukhopadhyay, Satinath; Chowdhury, Subhankar

2012-12-01

440

Pancreatic stellate cells: molecular mechanism of pancreatic fibrosis.  

PubMed

Pancreatic stellate cells (PSC) are known to play a crucial role in pancreatic fibrogenesis in chronic pancreatitis and in the desmoplastic reaction of pancreatic cancer. When PSC are stimulated by oxidative stress, the phenotype of quiescent fat-storing cells converts to myofibroblast-like activated PSC that then produce extracellular matrix (ECM), adhesion molecules, and various chemokines in response to inflammatory cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is a potent stimulator of PSC proliferation, and transforming growth factor-beta, PDGF, and basic fibroblast growth factor stimulate ECM synthesis by PSC. As induction of acinar cell apoptosis and necrosis is a major mechanism in the pathogenesis of mild to severe acute pancreatitis, the rapid removal of apoptotic acinar cells may be helpful in preventing the release of toxic intracellular materials, preventing further progression of the inflammation, and restoring normal tissue homeostasis. Although PSC are not professional phagocytes, we have demonstrated that PSC engulf apoptotic polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) and necrotic acinar cells. Apoptotic PMN are ingested into the cytoplasm of the PSC, and troglitazone induces a dose-dependent increase in both phagocytic activity and expression of CD36, which is a representative scavenger receptor for phagocytic function. Engulfment of necrotic acinar cells by PSC induced PSC death and inhibited PSC activation in an in vitro study, suggesting that engulfment of necrotic acinar cells by PSC may inhibit the progression of fibrogenesis. These findings suggest that engulfment of damaged cells by PSC may be one of the mechanisms that prevent the progression of pancreatitis and restore tissue homeostasis. PMID:18336654

Shimizu, Kyoko

2008-03-01