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1

Central Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As one of the worldâÂÂs greatest urban green spaces, Central Park is loved by dyed-in-the wool New Yorkers as well as visitors to the city. This reverential website provides detailed information about this fine public space and the activities that take place within its confines. On this site, visitors can look over maps of the park, learn about the parkâÂÂs many attractions, and browse a selection of photographs of this fine urban paradise. The homepage contains much of this material, along with a âÂÂCentral Park Newsâ feature, which provides news updates about goings on throughout Central Park. For those planning a visit to the park, the Events area will be most useful, as it provides information about such pastimes as rock climbing, ice skating lessons, and yoga.

2006-01-01

2

@central park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Central Park Conservancy, a not-for-profit organization dedicated to restoring, improving, and managing Central Park's grounds and facilities, offers this "official" site, which contains a wealth of information about what is arguably the world's most famous city park. Each of the site's sections contains useful or interesting information; the Then & Now section, for instance, offers an overview of Central Park's history, a bibliography with 43 entries for those seeking further information, and a list of movies with scenes set in the park. Another highlight of the site is the Virtual Park, which consists of a set of clickable maps through which users can explore 72 points of interest, each described in the affectionate style of a travel guidebook. The site's other sections include such features as events schedules, press releases, information on when and where particular varieties of flowers bloom, and a section devoted entirely to activities for families and children. This site will be especially useful to those who are planning a visit to Central Park, but other users will likely find it informative and entertaining as well.

3

Central Brazil  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This Moderate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) true-color image was acquired on October 19, 2000, over a region in Brazil large enough to show much of the country's diverse landscape. Spanning some 8.5 million square kilometers (3.2 million square miles), Brazil is by far the largest South American nation--both in terms of land and population. The region known as the Amazon Basin lies to the northwest (upper left) and extends well beyond the northern and western edges of this scene. Typically, from this perspective Amazonia appears as a lush, dark green carpet due to the thick canopy of vegetation growing there. Some of the Amazon Basin is visible in this image, but much is obscured by clouds (bright white pixels), as is the Amazon River. This region is home to countless plant and animal species and some 150,000 native South Americans. The clusters of square and rectangular patterns toward the center of the image (light green or reddish-brown pixels) are where people have cleared away trees and vegetation to make room for development and agriculture. Toward the western side of the scene there is considerable haze and smoke from widespread biomass burning in parts of Brazil and Bolivia, which shares its eastern border with Brazil. Toward the east in this image is the highland, or 'cerrado,' region, which is more sparsely vegetated and has a somewhat drier climate than the Amazon Basin. The capital city, Brasilia, lies within this region just southwest of the Geral de Goias Mountains (orangish pixels running north-south). There are two large water reservoirs visible in this scene--the Sobradinho Reservoir about 800 km (500 miles) northeast of Brasilia, and the Paranaiba about 500 km (300 miles) southwest of Brasilia. MODIS flies aboard NASA's Terra spacecraft. Image courtesy Brian Montgomery, Reto Stockli, and Robert Simmon, based on data from the MODIS Science Team.

2002-01-01

4

Smithsonian National Zoological Park: Conservation Central  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Presented by the Smithsonian National Zoological Park and Fujifilm, this website offers a suite of fun, online activities designed to educate middle school students about habitat conservation. In one site activity, participants travel to central China to "help make decisions about a fictional forest reserve." In another activity, visitors conduct scientific research in an eastern US forest using a variety of tools and methods. A third activity enables site visitors to design a zoo habitat for giant pandas. For educators, the website supplies a cohesive curriculum which aligns with national science standards. For families, the site offers a collection of downloadable activity ideas such as Nature Drawing, and creating a Family Conservation Action Plan.

5

Central Park East Secondary School: Teaching and Learning through Freire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article connects the theoretical perspective of Paulo Freire's Pedagogy of the Oppressed with the teaching and learning styles of teachers and students at Central Park East Secondary School (CPESS) in East Harlem, New York. It examines some of the ways the Freireian model has worked within the public school system and considers some of the…

Tyner-Mullings, Alia R.

2012-01-01

6

Evaluation of noise pollution in urban parks of Curitiba, Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A study about the noise pollution found in six urban parks of Curitiba, Paran, Brazil. The equivalent noise levels (Leq) have been measured in points spread throughout the park, and interviews have been conducted with some park visitors. It has been found out that 17.83% out of the measurement sites have presented Leq levels over 65 dB(A), considered by the Preventive Medicine as the maximum level one can be exposed to without being exposed to health impairment risks, and 52.48% out of the meas sites do not satisfy the municipal law 10625, which states the noise emission level of 55 dB(A) as the limit value for green areas (AV). The results of the questionnaires applied to the local visitors have showed that 39% out of the interviewed people users to visit the park every 75% of them seek for the realization of a physical activity during the realization of their activities in the parks, 22% out of interviewed people point the noise pollution as the source of annoyance and 29% of them point the local security.

Ferreira, Andressa M.; Diniz, Fabiano B.; Zannin, Paulo T.

2003-10-01

7

Parking demand and responsiveness to supply, pricing and location in the Sydney central business district  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the role of parking pricing and supply by time of day in whether to drive and park in the central business district (CBD). A stated preference survey of car drivers and public transport users was undertaken at a number of parking locations, public transit interchanges, and shopping centres in Sydney CBD during 1998. In the context of

David A. Hensher; Jenny King

2001-01-01

8

Central Michigan University's Glacial Park: Instruction through Landscaping.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the creation of a glacial park on a university campus. Suggests that the park is a useful instructional resource that helps students relate classroom material to outdoor phenomena by visualizing and identifying glacial landforms, recognizing their spatial relationships, and understanding how glacial features originated. Offers advice for…

Pape, Bruce; Francek, Mark A.

1992-01-01

9

Neoproterozoic crustal accretion in central Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent geochronological studies have demonstrated the existence of several Neoproterozoic orthogneiss and metavolcanic are suites (ca. 900 to 600 Ma) in the southern part of the Tocantins province, a major Neoproterozoic orogenic area in central Brazil, exposed between the Amazon and São Francisco cratons. Nd and Sr isotopic characteristics of these metamorphic suites are primitive: initial 87Sr/87Sr ratios vary from ˜0.7024 to ˜0.7042 and initial ?Nd values are positive, varying between +0.2 and +6.9. The most primitive initial Sr and Nd isotopic compositions are very similar to model depleted- mantle compositions at the time of formation of the original magmas. The mantle- like characteristics of these are suites in western Goiás contradict previous ensialic evolution models for the Tocantins province and reveal that crustal accretion processes were important in large areas of central Brazil during Neoproterozoic time.

Martins Pimentel, Márcio; Adolfo Fuck, Reinhardt

1992-04-01

10

Central Park: A Humanities Curriculum for Children with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual reflects the highlights of an urban park study developed and tested over a 6-year period at the Churchill School, an elementary school for children with learning disabilities. This book makes possible an integrated study that develops understandings in natural science and the social studies along with reading, writing, and language…

Wurtzel, Claire

11

Geothermal agriculture industrial park development in south-central Colorado  

SciTech Connect

The preferred site for both near-term aquaculture use and for extensive geothermal-based industrial park development are identified on the basis of geothermal resource potential, site ownership and leasing considerations, and other important non-energy considerations such as raw material, labor availability, and transportation systems. A planned mushroom farm using geothermal heating is described. (MHR)

Goering, S.W.; Connor, F.R.; Coury, G.E.

1980-12-01

12

Central Oxford car parking allocations for 201213 Department Operational spaces  

E-print Network

Institute 4 10 Medical Sciences Teaching Centre 1 1 Medieval & Modern Languages 2 5 Modern History 0 4 MPLSCentral Oxford car parking allocations for 2012­13 Department Operational spaces Peak permits valid 10 History of Science Museum 0 1 ICT Support Team 0 2 International Development 6 5 Language Centre 1

Melham, Tom

13

Gravel deposits survey in south central Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The largest hydroelectric development of Brazil, with 37 hydroelectric power plants, is located on the Paraná river basin,\\u000a in the south central region of the country.\\u000a \\u000a The basalt lavas found in this region are practically unsuitable for aggregate use, due to the presence of expansive clay\\u000a minerals which may cause their rapid disaggregation when exposed to natural weathering conditions.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a To

Nestor A. Mendes Pereira; Araújo Jesus Sebastião; Monticelli João Jerônimo

1984-01-01

14

77 FR 60461 - United States v. Standard Parking Corporation, KSPC Holdings, Inc. and Central Parking...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...contracts used at the corporate level to support...Defendant whose primary responsibility concerns the parking...this Competitive Impact Statement in the...balancing of competing social and political interests...the Competitive Impact Statement, and...the Competitive Impact Statement and...

2012-10-03

15

The Canela Indians of Northeastern Central Brazil  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based largely on the pioneering research of Bill Crocker, this site on the Canela Indians of Central Brazil is hosted by the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Designed to educate a general audience about the life and activities of the Canela, the site contains numerous sections that allow visitors to explore a world that few persons will be able to visit. First-time visitors will want to read the short essay ("About the Canela") before proceeding to the Daily Life chronology, which lists the activities of the Canela on an average day, including a men's council meeting and sing-dancing. A literature section offers numerous papers written by Bill Crocker on various aspects of Canela life, such as their initiation festivals and their relationships with ghosts. Finally, visitors will want to check out a short video showing Canela men engaging in one of their most unique daily activities, log racing.

2002-01-01

16

Soil Communities of Central Park, New York City: A Biodiversity Melting Pot  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The majority of earth's biodiversity lives in and makes up the soil, but the majority of soil biodiversity has yet to be characterized or even quantified. This may be especially true of urban soil systems. The last decade of advances in molecular, technical and bioinformatic techniques have contributed greatly to our understanding of belowground biodiversity, from global distribution to species counts. Yet, much of this work has been done in ';natural' systems and it is not known if established patterns of distribution, especially in relation to soil factors hold up in urban soils. Urban soils are intensively managed and disturbed, often by effects unique to urban settings. It remains unclear how urban pressures influence soil biodiversity, or if there is a defined or typical ';urban soil community'. Here we describe a study to examine the total soil biodiversity - Bacteria, Archaea and Eukarya- of Central Park, New York City and test for patterns of distribution and relationships to soil characteristics. We then compare the biodiversity of Central Park to 57 global soils, spanning a number of biomes from Alaska to Antarctica. In this way we can identify similarities and differences in soil communities of Central Park to soils from ';natural' systems. To generate a broad-scale survey of total soil biodiversity, 596 soil samples were collected from across Central Park (3.41 km2). Soils varied greatly in vegetation cover and soil characteristics (pH, moisture, soil C and soil N). Using high-throughput Illumina sequencing technology we characterized the complete soil community from 16S rRNA (Bacteria and Archaea) and 18S rRNA gene sequences (Eukarya). Samples were rarified to 40,000 sequences per sample. To compare Central Park to the 57 global soils the complete soil community of the global soils was also characterized using Illumina sequencing technology. All samples were rarified to 40,000 sequences per sample. The total measured biodiversity in Central Park was high: >540,000 bacterial and archaeal species; and >97,000 eukaryotic species (as determined using a 97% sequence similarity cutoff). The most dominant bacterial phyla include Proteobacteria, Acidobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Verrucomicrobia and Actinobacteria, and Archaea represent 1-8% of the sequences. Additionally, the distribution patterns of Acidobacteria and consequently beta-diversity, was strongly related to soil pH. The most dominant eukaryotic taxa include many Protists (Rhizara, Gregarinia), Fungi (Basidiomycota, Ascomycota), and Metazoa (Nematodes, Rotifers, Arthropods and Annelids). No single soil factor could predict eukaryotic distribution. Central Park soil diversity was strikingly similar to the diversity of the 57 global soils. Central Park and the global soils had similarities in alpha diversity, taxon abundances. Interestingly, there was significant overlap in a number of dominant species between Central Park and the global soils. Together these results represent the most comprehensive analysis of soil biodiversity conducted to date. Our data suggest that even well-studied locations like Central Park harbor very high levels of unexplored biodiversity, and that Central Park biodiversity is comparable to soil biodiversity found globally.

Ramirez, K. S.; Leff, J. W.; Wall, D. H.; Fierer, N.

2013-12-01

17

Mapping oil spill environmental sensitivity in Cardoso Island State Park and surroundings areas, São Paulo, Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study presents an environmental oil spill sensitivity map of Cardoso Island State Park, located in São Paulo state, Brazil, including some of its surrounding areas. This map was designed following the procedures determined by the Brazilian Federal Environment Organ (Ministry of the Environment), which separates coastal habitats in different littoral sensitivity indexes (LSI) to oil spills. We have also

Arthur Wieczorek; Dimas Dias-Brito; João Carlos Carvalho Milanelli

2007-01-01

18

Sustaining Change: The Struggle to Maintain Identity at Central Park East Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Central Park East Secondary School (CPESS) in East Harlem was one of the most highly acclaimed and successful schools to come out of the period of school reform in the 1980s from which the Coalition of Essential Schools emerged. Noted progressive educator Deborah Meier founded CPESS in 1985 not as a reform model, but as a continuation of the…

Suiter, Diane

2009-01-01

19

REGULAR ARTICLE Deciphering earth mound origins in central Brazil  

E-print Network

REGULAR ARTICLE Deciphering earth mound origins in central Brazil Lucas C. R. Silva & Gabriel D 2010 /Published online: 10 March 2010 # Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010 Abstract Mound fields; alternatively, they might be formed after erosion. We tested whether a mound field in central Brazil

Fine, Paul V.A.

20

Reptiles from Len??is Maranhenses National Park, Maranh?o, northeastern Brazil  

PubMed Central

Abstract We are presenting a list of the reptile species from Lençóis Maranhenses National Park (LMNP), Maranhão, Brazil, obtained during 235 days of field work. The study area is located in the contact zone between three major Neotropical ecosystems: Amazonia, Caatinga, and Cerrado. The PNLM encompasses the largest dune fields in Brazil, wide shrubby areas (restingas), lakes, mangroves, and many freshwater lagoons. We have recorded 42 species of reptiles in the area: 24 snakes, 12 lizards, two worm lizards, three turtles, and one alligator. About 81 % of the recorded species occurred only in restinga areas. Our data highlights the uniqueness of the PNLM in the context of the biomes that surround it and shows the importance of efforts to improve the conservation of reptiles living in the restinga, which currently comprise only about 20 % of the total area protected by the park, but which are the mesohabitat containing most of the reptile species in the Lençóis Maranhenses complex of habitats. PMID:23275751

Miranda, Jivanildo Pinheiro; Costa, Joao Carlos Lopes; Rocha, Carlos Frederico D.

2012-01-01

21

Pupils and Parks: Environmental Education in National Parks of Developing Countries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes two conservation education programs that target local primary schools and use national parks in Malaysian Borneo (Kinabalu Park) and central Brazil (Morro do Diabo Park). Both were designed using a comprehensive systems evaluation model and both resulted in cognitive and affective gains for students. (LB)

Jacobson, Susan K.; Padua, Suzana M.

1992-01-01

22

A 750-year fire history based on lake sediment records in central Yellowstone National Park, USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 750-year fire history was reconstructed for the Central Plateau of Yellowstone National Park from the deep-water sediments of five lakes. The charcoal record from a large lake provided a chronology of regional fires. Data from four small lakes were used to study local and extralocal fires. The co-occurrence of abundant charcoal and high magnetic-susceptibility values at the same stratigraphic

Sarah H. Millspaugh; Cathy Whitlock

1995-01-01

23

Seasonal reproduction in Mexican cottontail rabbits Sylvilagus cunicularius in La Malinche National Park, central Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mexico has the largest number of leporid species in the world but most have been little studied. The endemic Mexican cottontailSylvilagus cunicularius (Waterhouse, 1848) is the largest Mexican rabbit, and although not in danger of extinction, it is increasingly threatened.\\u000a Since little is known about its annual pattern of reproduction, we studied this species in La Malinche National Park, central

Jorge Vázquez; Armando J. Martínez Chacón; Robyn Hudson; Luisa Rodríguez-Martínez; Margarita Martínez-Gómez

2007-01-01

24

POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS ASSESSMENT IN SEDIMENT OF NATIONAL PARKS IN SOUTHEAST BRAZIL  

PubMed Central

The aim of this work was to assess the levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the environment and their sources found in protected regions of southeastern Brazil. Samples of sediments were collected at four National Parks: Itatiaia National Park (PNIT), Serra da Bocaina National Park (PNSB), Serra dos Orgãos National Park (PNSO) and Jurubatiba National Park (PNJUB). The National Parks studied comprise rainforests, altitudinal fields and ‘restinga’ environments located in the Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo states. The sampling was conducted between 2002 and 2004 from June to September. In general, the environmental levels of PAHs found were similar to those in other remote areas around the globe. PNIT exhibited the highest median values of total PAHs in sediment (97 ng·g?1), followed by PNJUB (89 ng·g?1), PNSO (57 ng·g?1) and PNSB (27 ng·g?1). The highest levels of total PAHs (576 and 24430 ng·g?1) could be associated to a point source contamination where are characterizated for human activities. At PNSB and PNIT the PAH profiles were richer in 2 and 3 ring compounds, whereas at PNSO and PNJUB, the profiles exhibited 3 and 4 ring compounds. The phenanthrene predominance in most samples could indicate the influence of biogenic synthesis. The samples with a petrogenic pattern found in this study might be associated with the vicinity of major urban areas, highway traffic and/or industrial activities close to PNSO and PNIT. At PNIT and PNJUB, forest fires and slash and burn agricultural practices may drive the results towards a pyrolytic pattern. PMID:18472130

Meire, Rodrigo Ornellas; Azeredo, Antonio; de Souza Pereira, Marcia; Paulo, Joao; Torres, Machado; Malm, Olaf

2008-01-01

25

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons assessment in sediment of national parks in southeast Brazil.  

PubMed

The aim of this work was to assess the levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the environment and their sources found in protected regions of southeastern Brazil. Samples of sediments were collected at four National Parks: Itatiaia National Park (PNIT), Serra da Bocaina National Park (PNSB), Serra dos Orgãos National Park (PNSO) and Jurubatiba National Park (PNJUB). The National Parks studied comprise rainforests, altitudinal fields and 'restinga' environments located in the Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo states. The sampling was conducted between 2002 and 2004 from June to September. In general, the environmental levels of PAHs found were similar to those in other remote areas around the globe. PNIT exhibited the highest median values of total PAHs in sediment (97 ng g(-1)), followed by PNJUB (89 ng g(-1)), PNSO (57 ng g(-1)) and PNSB (27 ng g(-1)). The highest levels of total PAHs (576 and 24430 ng g(-1)) could be associated to a point source contamination where are characterized for human activities. At PNSB and PNIT the PAH profiles were richer in 2 and 3 ring compounds, whereas at PNSO and PNJUB, the profiles exhibited 3 and 4 ring compounds. The phenanthrene predominance in most samples could indicate the influence of biogenic synthesis. The samples with a petrogenic pattern found in this study might be associated with the vicinity of major urban areas, highway traffic and/or industrial activities close to PNSO and PNIT. At PNIT and PNJUB, forest fires and slash and burn agricultural practices may drive the results towards a pyrolytic pattern. PMID:18472130

Meire, Rodrigo Ornellas; Azeredo, Antonio; Pereira, Márcia de Souza; Torres, João Paulo Machado; Malm, Olaf

2008-08-01

26

Population genetic structure of Sisyrinchium micranthum Cav. (Iridaceae) in Itapu? State Park, Southern Brazil  

PubMed Central

Sisyrinchium micranthum Cav. is a member of the family Iridaceae, which is distributed over the American continent. In Brazil, this species is found, not only in disturbed areas and coastal regions, but is also very common in urban centers, such as public parks, during the spring. Chromosome counts for North American specimens are 2n = 32 and 2n = 48, whereas in southern Brazil, there is a polyploidy series with three chromosome numbers, 2n = 16, 2n = 32, and 2n = 48. Population analyses using DNA molecular markers are inexistent for this species, in spite of its wide distribution and morphological variation. To study the genetic population structure of S. micranthum, five natural populations were accessed in a conservation park within the Atlantic Rain Forest Biome in southern Brazil. Here, the chromosome numbers 2n = 16 and 2n = 48 had already been described. Molecular analysis showed that the populations are highly structured with low gene flow among them. The population with 2n = 48 was genetically less variable than and distinct from the other populations. Population genetics in relation to cytogenetic data provided new insights regarding the genetic diversification and mating system of S. micranthum. PMID:22481881

Tacuatia, Luana Olinda; Eggers, Lilian; Kaltchuk-Santos, Eliane; Souza-Chies, Tatiana T.

2012-01-01

27

A new karyotype for the spiny rat Clyomys laticeps (Thomas, 1909) (Rodentia, Echimyidae) from Central Brazil  

PubMed Central

Abstract Clyomys Thomas, 1916 is a semifossorial rodent genus of spiny rats represented by only one species, Clyomys laticeps, which inhabits the tropical savannas and grasslands of central Brazil and eastern Paraguay. Here we describe a new karyotype of Clyomys laticeps found in populations of Emas National Park, Goiás state, Brazil. The four analyzed specimens had a diploid number (2n) of 32 and a fundamental autosome number (FN) of 54. Cytogenetic data include conventional staining, CBG and GTG-banding. The karyotype presents 12 meta/submetacentric pairs (1 to 12) and 3 pairs of acrocentrics (13 to 15) with gradual decrease in size. The X chromosome is a medium submetacentric and the Y is a medium acrocentric. The semifossorial habits together with habitat specificity could have contributed to the karyological variations found on this genus. PMID:24260659

Bezerra, Alexandra M. R.; Pagnozzi, Juliana M.; Carmignotto, Ana Paula; Yonenaga-Yassuda, Yatiyo; Rodrigues, Flavio H. G.

2012-01-01

28

Diversity of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Ibitipoca State Park, Minas Gerais, Brazil.  

PubMed

Leishmaniasis is a complex of zoonotic diseases that are endemic to many Brazilian states. They are transmitted to the vertebrates by the bite of the hematophagous female sand fly (Diptera: Psychodidae) vectors. Despite the increasing occurrence of visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis cases in large urban centers, their transmission continues to occur primarily in a wild environment and may be associated with professional activities, ecotourism activities, or both. This study investigates the ecological parameters of the sand flies present in Ibitipoca State Park, Minas Gerais, Brazil. During 2009, systematic collections of sand flies were made monthly using HP light traps installed at five sites, including three natural settings (a cave, riparian vegetation, and a rain forest), the tourist and researchers' accommodations, and a surrounding domestic livestock area. In total, 161 sand flies (seven species) were collected, the most abundant, particularly in the surrounding domestic livestock area, being Lutzomyia (Psychodopygus) lloydi (Antunes, 1937). Furthermore, a previously unidentified Lutzomyia (Sciopemyia) sp. was prevalent in the cave environment. There are no existing records of the occurrence of leishmaniasis in Ibitipoca State Park; however, the some species of the subgenus Psychodopygus are known vectors of Leishmania spp in Brazil. Hence, the presence of a species of this genus in areas surrounding the park may represent a risk to ecotourism and the local inhabitants. Our study shows the importance of regular monitoring of the various areas used by humans to determine the distribution and spread of sand fly vectors for preventive management to forestall potential risk to health and consequent effect on ecotourists. PMID:21845934

Carvalho, Gustavo Mayr de Lima; De Vasconcelos, Fernanda Bernardes; Da Silva, Daniela Gonçalves; Botelho, Helbert Antônio; Filho, José Dilermando Andrade

2011-07-01

29

Niche separation between the maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus), the crab-eating fox (Dusicyon thous) and the hoary fox (Dusicyon vetulus) in central Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four species of canids occur in the Cerrado of central Brazil. Three of them, the maned wolf Chrysocyon brachyurus, the crab-eating fox Dusicyon thous and the hoary fox Dusicyon vetulus, were studied in Emas National Park between 1996 and 1999 to investigate niche separation. The diet of the three species was studied to understand niche breadth and degree of overlap.

Anah Tereza de Almeida Jcomo; Leandro Silveira; Jose Alexandre Felizola Diniz-Filho

2004-01-01

30

Neoproterozoic geotectonic evolution of Tocantins Structural Province, Central Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tocantins Structural Province (TSP) is the main tectonic feature in Central Brazil. It separates two main cratonic areas ( former continental plates): the Amazonian Craton to the West and the Sao Francisco Craton to the East. Recent geochronological data (U–Pb and Sm–Nd) and structural studies show that the actual structural framework of the province was developed during the Neoproterozoic. It

Adelir Jose Strieder; Marcos Tadeu de Freitas Suita

1999-01-01

31

Mapping Soil Erosion Factors and Potential Erosion Risk for the National Park "Central Balkan"  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Soil erosion is widely recognised environmental problem. The report aims at presenting the main results from assessment and mapping of the factors of sheet water erosion and the potential erosion risk on the territory of National Park "Central Balkan". For this purpose, the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) was used for predicting soil loss from erosion. The influence of topography (LS-factor) and soil erodibility (K-factor) was assessed using small-scale topographic and soil maps. Rainfall erosivity (R-factor) was calculated from data of rainfalls with amounts exceeding 9.5 mm from 14 hydro-meteorological stations. The values of the erosion factors (R, K and LS) were presented for the areas of forest, sub-alpine and alpine zones. Using the methods of GIS, maps were plotted presenting the area distribution among the classes of the soil erosion factors and the potential risk in the respective zones. The results can be used for making accurate decisions for soil conservation and sustainable land management in the park.

Ilieva, Diliana; Malinov, Ilia

2014-05-01

32

Biogeographic patterns in below-ground diversity in New York City's Central Park are similar to those observed globally.  

PubMed

Soil biota play key roles in the functioning of terrestrial ecosystems, however, compared to our knowledge of above-ground plant and animal diversity, the biodiversity found in soils remains largely uncharacterized. Here, we present an assessment of soil biodiversity and biogeographic patterns across Central Park in New York City that spanned all three domains of life, demonstrating that even an urban, managed system harbours large amounts of undescribed soil biodiversity. Despite high variability across the Park, below-ground diversity patterns were predictable based on soil characteristics, with prokaryotic and eukaryotic communities exhibiting overlapping biogeographic patterns. Further, Central Park soils harboured nearly as many distinct soil microbial phylotypes and types of soil communities as we found in biomes across the globe (including arctic, tropical and desert soils). This integrated cross-domain investigation highlights that the amount and patterning of novel and uncharacterized diversity at a single urban location matches that observed across natural ecosystems spanning multiple biomes and continents. PMID:25274366

Ramirez, Kelly S; Leff, Jonathan W; Barberán, Albert; Bates, Scott Thomas; Betley, Jason; Crowther, Thomas W; Kelly, Eugene F; Oldfield, Emily E; Shaw, E Ashley; Steenbock, Christopher; Bradford, Mark A; Wall, Diana H; Fierer, Noah

2014-11-22

33

Local perceptions of jaguars ( Panthera onca) and pumas ( Puma concolor) in the Iguaçu National Park area, south Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Jaguars (Panthera onca) have been killed by local residents within the boundaries and lands surrounding Iguaçu National Park (INP), Brazil. Both jaguars and pumas (Puma concolor) occur in the region, however, livestock predation by pumas has rarely been reported. Our objective was to assess the local perceptions about jaguars and pumas. We identified two major factors that distinguished the perceptions

Valéria Amorim Conforti; Fernando Cesar Cascelli de Azevedo

2003-01-01

34

PUBLISHED BY THE AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY CENTRAL PARK WEST AT 79TH STREET, NEW YORK, NY 10024  

E-print Network

.), with the latter family having been previously recorded from the fossil amber fauna. This makes a new total of 46 the first of these two Dominican fossil species he erected the genus Arachnolithulus Wun- derlich, 1988PUBLISHED BY THE AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY CENTRAL PARK WEST AT 79TH STREET, NEW YORK, NY

Hormiga, Gustavo

35

Twentieth century atmospheric metal fluxes into Central Park Lake, New York City  

SciTech Connect

It is generally assumed that declining atmospheric lead concentrations in urban centers during the 1970s and 1980s were due almost entirely to the progressive introduction of unleaded gasoline. However, most environmental data are from monitoring programs that began only two to three decades ago, which limits their usefulness. Here, trace metal and radionuclide data from sediment cores in Central Park Lake provide a record of atmospheric pollutant deposition in New York City through the 20th century, which suggests that leaded gasoline combustion was not the dominant source of atmospheric lead for NYC. Lead deposition rates, normalized to known Pb-210 atmospheric influxes, were extremely high, reaching maximum values from the late 1930s to early 1960s, decades before maximum emissions from combustion of leaded gasoline. Temporal trends of lead, zinc, and tin deposition derived from the lake sediments closely resemble the history of solid waste incineration in New York City. Furthermore, widespread use of solid waste incinerators in the United States and Europe over the last century suggests that solid waste incineration may have provided the dominant source of atmospheric lead and several other metals to many urban centers.

Chillrud, S.N.; Simpson, H.J. [Columbia Univ., Palisades, NY (United States). Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory] [Columbia Univ., Palisades, NY (United States). Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory; Bopp, R.F. [RPI, Troy, NY (United States). Earth and Environmental Sciences] [and others] [RPI, Troy, NY (United States). Earth and Environmental Sciences; and others

1999-03-01

36

Twentieth Century Atmospheric Metal Fluxes into Central Park Lake, New York City  

PubMed Central

It is generally assumed that declining atmospheric lead concentrations in urban centers during the 1970s and 1980s were due almost entirely to the progressive introduction of unleaded gasoline. However, most environmental data are from monitoring programs that began only two to three decades ago, which limits their usefulness. Here, trace metal and radionuclide data from sediment cores in Central Park Lake provide a record of atmospheric pollutant deposition in New York City through the 20th century, which suggests that leaded gasoline combustion was not the dominant source of atmospheric lead for NYC. Lead deposition rates, normalized to known Pb-210 atmospheric influxes, were extremely high, reaching maximum values (>70 ?g cm?2 yr?1) from the late 1930s to early 1960s, decades before maximum emissions from combustion of leaded gasoline. Temporal trends of lead, zinc, and tin deposition derived from the lake sediments closely resemble the history of solid waste incineration in New York City. Furthermore, widespread use of solid waste incinerators in the United States and Europe over the last century suggests that solid waste incineration may have provided the dominant source of atmospheric lead and several other metals to many urban centers. PMID:21850150

CHILLRUD, STEVEN N.; BOPP, RICHARD F.; SIMPSON, H. JAMES; ROSS, JAMES M.; SHUSTER, EDWARD L.; CHAKY, DAMON A.; WALSH, DAN C.; CHOY, CRISTINE CHIN; TOLLEY, LAEL-RUTH; YARME, ALLISON

2011-01-01

37

Molecular Tracers of Saturated and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Inputs into Central Park Lake, New York City  

PubMed Central

Saturated hydrocarbons (SH) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have been quantified in a sediment core obtained from Central Park Lake, New York City. Radionuclides 210Pb and 137Cs were used to assign approximate dates to each individual section in the core. The dating profile based on 210Pb matches very well with the time constraints provided by 137Cs. Radionuclide-derived depositional dates are consistent with temporal information from the petroleum-indicator ratio U/R [the ratio of unresolved complex mixture (UCM) to saturated hydrocarbons in the aliphatic fraction] and the history of fuel use in the NYC area. Ratios of 1,7-dimethylphenanthrane (DMP) to 1,7-DMP plus 2,6-DMP [1,7/(1,7 + 2,6)-DMP], retene to retene plus chrysene [Ret/(Ret + Chy)], and fluoranthene to fluoranthene plus pyrene [Fl/(Fl + Py)] provide additional source discrimination throughout the core. Results show that the ratio U/R is sensitive to petroleum inputs and Ret/(Ret + Chy) is responsive to contributions from softwood combustion, whereas both Fl/(Fl + Py) and 1,7/(1,7 + 2,6)-DMP can be used to discriminate among wood, coal, and petroleum combustion sources. Combined use of these ratios suggests that in New York City, wood combustion dominated 100 years ago, with a shift to coal combustion occurring from the 1900s to the 1950s. Petroleum use began around the 1920s and has dominated since the 1940s. PMID:16201624

YAN, BEIZHAN; ABRAJANO, TEOFILO A.; BOPP, RICHARD F.; CHAKY, DAMON A.; BENEDICT, LUCILLE A.; CHILLRUD, STEVEN N.

2011-01-01

38

Zoo theater's influence on affect and cognition: a case study from the Central Park Zoo in New York.  

PubMed

Zoo theater is used by zoos as a means to influence visitor feelings and knowledge gain about wildlife and environmental themes. This study examined whether and to what extent zoo theater fulfilled these aims by investigating its impact on affect and cognition. The study consisted of an in-depth case study at the Central Park Zoo in New York, a location that has one of the most diverse zoo theater programs in the United States. Using a multimethod approach the study explored many facets of the Central Park Zoo's extensive zoo theater program. These included performances at a main stage, at exhibits, and in the children's zoo. The study found that the extent of zoo theater's influence on affect and cognition is dependent on a combination of a variety of characteristics that include the length of a performance, audience participation, the level of structure of a performance, the presence of song and dance elements, and the scale of the productions. PMID:19821505

Penn, Laura

2009-09-01

39

Molecular tracers of saturated and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon inputs into Central Park Lake, New York City  

SciTech Connect

Saturated hydrocarbons (SH) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have been quantified in a sediment core obtained from Central Park Lake, New York City. Radionuclides {sup 210}Pb and {sup 137}Cs were used to assign approximate dates to each individual section in the core. The dating profile based on {sup 210}Pb matches very well with the time constraints provided by {sup 137}Cs. Radionuclide-derived depositional dates are consistent with temporal information from the petroleum-indicator ratio U/R (the ratio of unresolved complex mixture (UCM) to saturated hydrocarbons in the aliphatic fraction) and the history of fuel use in the NYC area. Ratios of 1,7-dimethylphenanthrane (DMP) to 1,7-DMP plus 2,6-DMP (1,7/(1,7 + 2,6)-DMP), retene to retene plus chrysene (Ret/(Ret + Chy)), and fluoranthene to fluoranthene plus pyrene (Fl/(Fl + Py))) provide additional source discrimination throughout the core. Results show that the ratio U/R is sensitive to petroleum inputs and Ret/(Ret + Chy) is responsive to contributions from softwood combustion, whereas both Fl/(Fl + Py) and 1,7/(1,7 + 2,6)-DMP can be used to discriminate among wood, coal, and petroleum combustion sources. Combined use of these ratios suggests that in New York City, wood combustion dominated 100 years ago, with a shift to coal combustion occurring from the 1900s to the 1950s. Petroleum use began around the 1920s and has dominated since the 1940s. 33 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

Beizhan Yan; Teofilo A. Abrajano; Richard F. Bopp; Damon A. Chaky; Lucille A. Benedict; Steven N. Chillrud [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY (United States). Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences

2005-09-15

40

Seismic waveforms inversion of earthquakes in the Central Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the central region of Brazil, Tocantins (TO) province, the distribution of tectonic stresses are not well known; there is only a measurement of stress and no data from focal mechanisms.To understand the processes that occur during an earthquake, it is necessary to have a precise knowledge of the earthquake source parameters. This work shows that the focal mechanism of an earthquake can be obtained in reliable way using only information contained in its band-pass-filtered waveforms registered at a few stations.The inversion for the focal mechanism was made using the package ISOLA (Zahradnik et al., 2005, Sokos & Zahradnik, 2008) and MATLAB. The seismicity is associated with the Goiás -Tocantins (GO-TO) Seismic Range (SR) that crosses the central part of Brazil in a NE-SW direction. The obtained focal mechanisms are in agreement with the results obtained by Barros et al. (2012) for 5.0 mb earthquake in this region.The Green functions were calculated using the 1-D velocity model determined by Soares et al (2006) for a model of point source located above and below the hypocenter. Ten hypocenters were tested, 5 above and 5 below to the given hypocenter. All seismograms were corrected for instrument response, band-pass-filtered, integrated to obtain displacement, and finally inverted for the DC (double couple) focal mechanism. The optimal solution produced the best correlation between the observed and synthetic seismograms, in one of the 10 points tested. However, a new search was attempted for each point source located on a plane passing through the hypocenter's optimal previous solution. This plane is divided into a rectangular grid, whose separation depends on the physical dimensions of the source investigated. The centroid (center of gravity of the fault displaced), corresponds to the solution that produces the best fit between the observed data and synthetics.We can conclude that the resulting consistency and the stability of the solutions indicate that this inversion method can be applied in other regions, especially in Brazil, where the earthquakes are rare and usually recorded by few stations. the best fit between the observed data and synthetics.We can conclude that the resulting consistency and the stability of the solutions indicate that this inversion method can be applied in other regions, especially in Brazil, where the earthquakes are rare and usually recorded by few stations.

Sayao, E. A.; Barros, L. V.; Maffia, N.; Schmidt, K.; Quintero, R.

2013-05-01

41

7 CFR 319.56-25 - Papayas from Central America and Brazil.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Papayas from Central America and Brazil. 319.56-25 Section 319.56-25...56-25 Papayas from Central America and Brazil. The Solo type of papaya may be...one of the following locations: (1) Brazil: State of Espirito...

2010-01-01

42

Land and Water Conservation; Hawaii Volcanoes National Park; Little Rock Central High School; and Arches National Park. Hearing on S. 1333, S. 2106, S. 2129, S. 2232, H.R. 2283 before the Subcommittee on National Parks, Historic Preservation, and Recreation of the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. United States Senate, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Senate hearing considered five bills related to the national parks. Of interest to the education community is S. 2232, which would establish Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site in Arkansas as a unit of the National Park Service. In 1957 the school became a center of controversy over school desegregation when nine African…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources.

43

Nutritional status and growth of indigenous Xavante children, Central Brazil  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of this study was to characterize the nutritional status of Xavante Indian children less than 10 years of age in Central Brazil and to evaluate the hypothesis of an association between child nutrition and socioeconomic differentiation in this population. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in July 2006 that included all children under the age of 10 from the Xavante village Pimentel Barbosa in Mato Grosso, Brazil. The data collected included weight, height, and sociodemographic information. Sociodemographic data were used to generate two indices ("income" and "wealth") and to determine the proportion of adults in each household. Descriptive analyses were performed for weight-for-age (W/A), height-for-age (H/A), and weight-for-height (W/H) using the NCHS and the WHO growth references. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted using H/A and W/A as a response variables. Results Of a total of 246 children under the age of ten residing in the village, 232 (94.3%) were evaluated. Following the NCHS reference, 5.6% of children under the age of ten presented low W/A and 14.7% presented low H/A. Among children under the age of five, deficit percentages for weight and height were 4.5% and 29.9%, respectively, following the WHO curves. Among children < 2 years of age, H/A index variability was found to be directly related to child's age and inversely related to the proportion of adults in the household. Maternal BMI was positively associated with growth for children from 2 to 4 years of age, explaining 11.5% of the z-score variability for the H/A index. For children 5 years of age and older, the wealth index and maternal height were positively associated with H/A. No significant associations were found using W/A as the dependent variable. Conclusion This study demonstrated that undernutrition, in particular linear growth deficit, is a notable health issue for Xavante children. These findings contrast with the nutritional profile observed among Brazilian children nationally, which is characterized by a sharp decline in child undernutrition in recent decades, even in the poorest regions of the country. This discrepancy calls attention to the persistent health disparities that exist between indigenous and non-indigenous people in Brazil. PMID:22236407

2012-01-01

44

Deforestation trends of tropical dry forests in central Brazil  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Tropical dry forests are the most threatened forest type in the world yet a paucity of research about them stymies development of appropriate conservation actions. The Paranã River Basin has the most significant dry forest formations in the Cerrado biome of central Brazil and is threatened by intense land conversion to pastures and agriculture. We examined changes in Paranã River Basin deforestation rates and fragmentation across three time intervals that covered 31 yr using Landsat imagery. Our results indicated a 66.3 percent decrease in forest extent between 1977 and 2008, with an annual rate of forest cover change of 3.5 percent. Landscape metrics further indicated severe forest loss and fragmentation, resulting in an increase in the number of fragments and reduction in patch sizes. Forest fragments in flatlands have virtually disappeared and the only significant forest remnants are mostly found over limestone outcrops in the eastern part of the basin. If current patterns persist, we project that these forests will likely disappear within 25 yr. These patterns may be reversed with creation of protected areas and involvement of local people to preserve small fragments that can be managed for restoration.

Bianchi, Carlos A.; Haig, Susan M.

2013-01-01

45

Neoproterozoic geotectonic evolution of Tocantins Structural Province, Central Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tocantins Structural Province (TSP) is the main tectonic feature in Central Brazil. It separates two main cratonic areas ( former continental plates): the Amazonian Craton to the West and the Sao Francisco Craton to the East. Recent geochronological data (U-Pb and Sm-Nd) and structural studies show that the actual structural framework of the province was developed during the Neoproterozoic. It is herein proposed that Brasiliano Orogenic Cycle in the TSP was developed in four broad tectonic stages: 1) an ocean opening stage began possibly 1270 Ma; 2) an island-arc system development stage started 1000 Ma and its amal- gamation lasted until ca. 800 Ma; 3) a continental collision stage began ca. 800 Ma with the accretion of the island-arcs to the upper Amazonian plate, the closure of the Goias Ocean and the development of a foreland basin upon the lower Sao Francisco plate; and 4) a post-collisional stage (650-500 Ma) with the development of transcurrent faults (Transbrasiliano lineaments), back-thrust reverse faults, and intrusion of alkalic granitic plutons.

Strieder, Adelir Jose; Suita, Marcos Tadeu de Freitas

1999-09-01

46

Numerical assessments of geological CO2 sequestration in the Changhua Coastal Industrial Park, Central Taiwan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Coal-fired power plants of the Taiwan Power Company are the main sources of CO2 emission in Taiwan. Due to the importation of coal mine and the need of cooling water circulation, power plants were built on the coast. Geological CO2 sequestration has been recognized as one of solutions for reducing anthropogenic CO2 emission by injecting CO2 captured from fossil fuel power plants into deep saline geologic formations. The Changhua Coastal Industrial Park (CCIP; 120.38° E, 24.11° N) in central Taiwan has been preliminary evaluated as one of potential sites for geological CO2 sequestration. The CCIP site has a sloping, layered heterogeneity formation with stagnant groundwater flow. Layers of sandstone and shale sequentially appeared to be the major components of geological formations with seaward transgression. Thickness of sedimentary formations gradually becomes thinner from east to west. Previous investigations [Chiao et al., 2010; Yu et al, 2011] did not find significant faults around this site. The TOUGHREACT/ECO2N model was employed with external mesh generator developed in this study to proceed to comprehensive assessments for CO2 injection into deep saline aquifers (salinity of 3%, pH of 7.2) at the CCIP site. A series of numerical experiments for investigating the physical, geochemical and its interactions included the deep saline-aquifer responses, CO2 plume migration, leakage risks, hydrogeochemistry processes, reservoir capacity and trapping mechanisms (i.e. hydrodynamics, capillarity, solubility, and mineral trapping) during and post CO2 injection were assessed. A 3-D lithological model applied in this study was conceptualized with two seismic profiles (along shore and cross shore) and one geological well nearby the study area. A total of 32 vertical layers was built with different porosities and permeabilities estimated from the TCDP-A borehole log samples adjusted with effects in geopressure differences. Cross-platform open source libraries of the CGAL and MathGL were integrated with wxDev-C++ and implemented in C/C++ programming languages that were aided in nested mesh generation and simulation result visualization. Two mesh systems were demonstrated in this study that including the relatively coarse (200 m resolution in horizontal) and 3-leve refinement (from 200 to 50 m resolution in horizontal) mesh systems. Assuming a single injection well located at the centroid point of simulation domain and injected as a depth of about 2700 meters beneath the mean sea level under isothermal condition (ambient temperature of 70°C) with a constant injection rate of 1 Mt/yr for the first 50 years. Geochemical system setting (i.e. initial mineral abundances, and their geochemistry kinetic properties) was adopted from Xu et al. [2006]. Preliminary simulation results shows that (1) CO2 plume cannot penetrate the caprock, (2) 3-level refinement mesh systems can reduce the numerical dispersion, (3) formation tilt (about 3.5 degree) not only generated the approximately round shape of the CO2 plume spreading but result the asymmetric patterns of the CO2 plume profile, and (4) capillarity trapping was not significant under stagnant groundwater flow condition.

Sung, R.; Li, M.

2012-12-01

47

Future drying of the southern Amazon and central Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent climate modeling suggests that the Amazon rainforest could exhibit considerable dieback under future climate change, a prediction that has raised considerable interest as well as controversy. To determine the likelihood and causes of such changes, we analyzed the output of 15 models from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fourth Assessment Report (IPCC/AR4) and a dynamic vegetation model VEGAS driven by these climate output. Our results suggest that the core of the Amazon rainforest should remain largely stable. However, the periphery, notably the southern edge, is in danger of drying out, driven by two main processes. First, a decline in precipitation of 24% in the southern Amazon lengthens the dry season and reduces soil moisture, despite of an increase in precipitation during the wet season, due to the nonlinear response in hydrology and ecosystem dynamics. Two dynamical mechanisms may explain the lower dry season precipitation: (1) a stronger north-south tropical Atlantic sea surface temperature gradient; (2) a general subtropical drying under global warming when the dry season southern Amazon is under the control of the subtropical high pressure. Secondly, evaporation will increase due to the general warming, thus also reducing soil moisture. As a consequence, the median of the models projects a reduction of vegetation by 20%, and enhanced fire carbon flux by 10-15% in the southern Amazon, central Brazil, and parts of the Andean Mountains. Because the southern Amazon is also under intense human influence, the double pressure of deforestation and climate change may subject the region to dramatic changes in the 21st century.

Yoon, J.; Zeng, N.; Cook, B.

2008-12-01

48

SOURCE APPORTIONMENT OF POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS (PAHs) INTO CENTRAL PARK LAKE, NEW YORK CITY, OVER A CENTURY OF DEPOSITION  

PubMed Central

Relative contributions of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from combustion sources of wood, petroleum, and coal were computed in sediments from Central Park Lake in New York City (NY, USA) by chemical mass balance based on several reliable source indicators. These indicators are the ratio of retene to the sum of retene and chrysene, the ratio of 1,7-dimethylphenanthrene (DMP) to 1,7-DMP and 2,6-DMP, and the ratio of fluroanthene to fluroanthene and pyrene. The authors found that petroleum combustion–derived PAH fluxes generally followed the historical consumption data of New York State. Coal combustion-derived PAH flux peaked approximately in the late 1910s, remained at a relatively high level over the next 3 decades, then rapidly declined from the 1950s to the 1960s; according to historical New York State coal consumption data, however, there was a 2-peak trend, with peaks around the early 1920s and the mid-1940s. The 1940s peak was not observed in Central Park Lake, most likely because of the well-documented shift from coal to oil as the major residential heating fuel in New York City during the late 1930s. It was widely believed that the decreased PAH concentrations and fluxes in global sediments during the last century resulted from a major energy shift from coal to petroleum. The data, however, show that this shift occurred from 1945 through the 1960s and did not result in an obvious decline. The sharpest decrease, which occurred in the 1970s was not predominantly related to coal usage but rather was the result of multiple factors, including a decline in petroleum usage largely, the introduction of low sulfur–content fuel in New York City, and the introduction of emission-control technologies. PMID:24375577

Yan, Beizhan; Bopp, Richard F.; Abrajano, Teofilo A.; Chaky, Damon; Chillrud, Steven N.

2014-01-01

49

Source apportionment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) into Central Park Lake, New York City, over a century of deposition.  

PubMed

Relative contributions of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from combustion sources of wood, petroleum, and coal were computed in sediments from Central Park Lake in New York City (NY, USA) by chemical mass balance based on several reliable source indicators. These indicators are the ratio of retene to the sum of retene and chrysene, the ratio of 1,7-dimethylphenanthrene (DMP) to 1,7-DMP and 2,6-DMP, and the ratio of fluroanthene to fluroanthene and pyrene. The authors found that petroleum combustion-derived PAH fluxes generally followed the historical consumption data of New York State. Coal combustion-derived PAH flux peaked approximately in the late 1910s, remained at a relatively high level over the next 3 decades, then rapidly declined from the 1950s to the 1960s; according to historical New York State coal consumption data, however, there was a 2-peak trend, with peaks around the early 1920s and the mid-1940s. The 1940s peak was not observed in Central Park Lake, most likely because of the well-documented shift from coal to oil as the major residential heating fuel in New York City during the late 1930s. It was widely believed that the decreased PAH concentrations and fluxes in global sediments during the last century resulted from a major energy shift from coal to petroleum. The data, however, show that this shift occurred from 1945 through the 1960s and did not result in an obvious decline. The sharpest decrease, which occurred in the 1970s was not predominantly related to coal usage but rather was the result of multiple factors, including a decline in petroleum usage largely, the introduction of low sulfur-content fuel in New York City, and the introduction of emission-control technologies. PMID:24375577

Yan, Beizhan; Bopp, Richard F; Abrajano, Teofilo A; Chaky, Damon; Chillrud, Steven N

2014-05-01

50

Enterobacteriaceae in mouth and cloaca of podocnemis expansa and P. Unifilis (testudines: chelonia) populations of national park of araguaia plains, Brazil  

PubMed Central

Shigella flexnerii and Escherichia coli were the most frequent Gram-negative bacteria found in the mouth cavity and cloacae of the turtles Podocnemis expansa and P. unifilis on beaches in the National Park of Araguaia, Brazil. Reptiles are known as Salmonella carriers, despite rarely isolated in these turtles. PMID:24031664

de Morais, Paula Benevides; de Souza, Denise Rodrigues; de Sousa, Francisca Maria Pinheiro; de Oliveira, Kleverson Wessel; Pimenta, Raphael Sanzio

2011-01-01

51

Data on sand fly fauna (Diptera, Psychodidae, Phlebotominae) in Itatiaia National Park, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil.  

PubMed

The sand fly fauna in Itatiaia National Park, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, was investigated in different habitats ranging from sylvatic areas to those altered by human activity related to ecotourism, specifically identifying species that have been suggested as potential leishmaniasis vectors. Sand flies were captured from June 2002 to March 2004, using CDC light traps and Shannon traps. A total of 1,256 sand fly specimens were captured, from species belonging to genera Lutzomyia and Brumptomyia: Brumptomyia guimaraesi, B. troglodytes, Lutzomyia (Lutzomyia) amarali, L. lanei, L. migonei, L. sallesi, L. edwardsi, L. tupynambai, L. (Pintomyia) pessoai, L. (P.) bianchigalatie, L. rupicola, L. (Psathyromyia) shannoni, L. pascalei, L. (Psychodopygus) matosi, L. (P.) davisi, L. (P.) hirsuta hirsuta, L. (P.) ayrozai, L. peresi, L. monticola, and L. misionensis. Worthy of special attention were four species that are considered potential vectors for cutaneous leishmaniasis in Brazil: L. ayrozai, L. hirsuta hirsuta, L. migonei, and L. davisi, representing 19.19% of the specimens captured in this study. PMID:17334585

Afonso, Margarete M S; Costa, Wagner A; Azevedo, Alfredo C R; Costa, Simone M da; Vilela, Maurício L; Rangel, Elizabeth F

2007-03-01

52

Wood density in dense forest in central Amazonia, Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measurements of wood density of trees in Amazonian forests are necessary to reduce uncertainties in estimates of carbon stocks and of greenhouse-gas emissions from deforestation. Based on samples from 310 trees in 186 species or morpho-species collected near Manaus, Brazil, the present study finds that commonly used wood density estimates found in published lists by species need to be adjusted

Euler Melo Nogueira; Bruce Walker Nelson; Philip M. Fearnside

2005-01-01

53

Presence of Fasciola hepatica in feral nutria (Myocastor coypus) living in a public park in Brazil.  

PubMed

Sixteen nutria (Myocastor coypus) from a protected area in Curitiba, Brazil, were sampled to determine the prevalence of Fasciola hepatica eggs and intestinal parasites and the presence of snails in the habitat used by nutria. The overall prevalence rates were 56.25% (9) for F. hepatica eggs, 87.50% (14) for cestode eggs, 56.25% (9) for ascarid eggs, 50% (8) for coccidian (Eimeriidae) oocysts, and 56.25% (9) for Strongyloidea eggs. Fasciola hepatica eggs had an average size of 138 microm x 72 microm. The following mollusks were found: Physa cubensis, Physa marmorata, and Biomphalaria tenagophyla. These results suggest that the infected nutria could serve as a source of contamination for other animals, humans, and surface water. This is the first report about parasites in nutria in the state of Paraná, Brazil. PMID:19368247

El-Kouba, Maysa M A N; Marques, Sandra M T; Pilati, Célso; Hamann, Waldir

2009-03-01

54

Oral health of the Paleoamericans of Lagoa Santa, Central Brazil.  

PubMed

The peopling, origins, and early prehistory of the Americas are topics of intense debate. However, few studies have used human remains to document and interpret patterns of health and lifestyle of Paleoamericans. This study provides the first investigation to characterize oral health in a series of early Holocene skeletal remains from Lagoa Santa, Brazil, a locality containing the remains of some of the earliest inhabitants of South America (10,000-7,000 BP). The sample is composed of 949 teeth and 1925 alveoli from an estimated 113 individuals excavated from 17 archaeological sites located in the State of Minas Gerais. We compare dental caries and abscess prevalence at Lagoa Santa to a large sample of human skeletons from the Western Hemisphere Project (WHP) database using both individual and tooth/alveolus count methods. In addition, antemortem tooth loss and tooth wear were analyzed in Lagoa Santa by sex and age. The results show that Lagoa Santa dental caries and abscess prevalence are significantly higher than observed among other hunter-gatherers included in the WHP database, except when abscess prevalence is considered by individual count. Adult females have less tooth wear coupled with higher prevalence of dental caries and antemortem tooth loss than adult males. These results point to an unexpected record of poor oral health at Lagoa Santa, especially among females. A diet based on a highly cariogenic combination of wild tubers and fruits is suggested as an explanation for the elevated rate, characterizing an early adaptation to a tropical environment in South America. PMID:24449259

Da-Gloria, Pedro; Larsen, Clark Spencer

2014-05-01

55

Car Park 31 Car Park 23  

E-print Network

Car Park 31 CarPark30 Car Park 1 Car Park 2 Car Park 23 Car Park 20 CarPark19 Car Park 29 Car Park 17 Car Park 16 Car Park 3 CarPark35 CarPark15 Car Park 14 Car Park 9 Car Park 33 CarPark6 CarPark5 Car Park 18 Car Park 10 Car Park 7 CaCa 8rkCCCCC PaPa kkCaCarrr P Car Park 8 Car Park 8 CarPark 21 Car

Tobar, Michael

56

Deep seismic refraction and gravity crustal model and tectonic deformation in Tocantins Province, Central Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interpretation of seismic refraction data in the central sector of Tocantins Province, Central Brazil, has produced a seismic crustal model with well-defined upper, intermediate, and lower crust layers having smooth velocity gradient in each layer. The depths to Moho vary from 32 to 43 km, and mean crustal P velocity varies from 6.3 km\\/s, beneath Goiás magmatic arc on the

Jesus Berrocal; Yara Marangoni; Nelsí C. de Sá; Reinhardt Fuck; José E. P. Soares; E. Dantas; Fábio Perosi; Celia Fernandes

2004-01-01

57

Focal Mechanisms for Deep Crustal Earthquakes in the Central Foothills and Near Yosemite National Park in the Sierra Nevada, California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Past studies have observed seismicity occurring to depths near 40 km beneath the central Sierra Nevada in eastern California, but the cause of this unusual activity remains largely unknown. We use seismograms from a recent deployment of the Sierra Nevada EarthScope Project (SNEP) broadband array and interspersed USArray TA stations to study this deep crustal earthquake activity. From June of 2005 to May of 2006, we recorded 126 earthquakes in the central western flank of the Sierra Nevada that relocated in the depth range from 1.0 to 47.6 km. These earthquakes have small magnitudes (M < 3), occur at a rate of ~10 per month, and occasionally display repeating waveforms. The majority of the earthquakes fall into two distinct clusters. One cluster of earthquakes form a diffuse band under the low foothills north of Fresno and have focal depths mostly between 20 and 35 km. The second cluster underlies the higher western slope of the range in a more compact north-south band extending from the southern edge of Yosemite National Park to the San Joaquin River. These events have focal depths from near surface to 30 km, and are located above occasional deep, long-period (LP) events (Pitt, et al., SRL, 2002). We use P- and S-wave polarity picks and P/SH amplitude ratios to construct focal mechanisms for 23 of the larger, well-recorded earthquakes, 14 in the Foothills Cluster and 9 in the Yosemite Cluster. The focal mechanisms show dominantly near vertical and subhorizontal nodal planes, although several events do show clear normal or reverse mechanisms. Although there is some scatter, a majority of the mechanisms from the Foothills Cluster have S-to-SW steeply dipping T-axes. The majority of earthquakes in the Yosemite Cluster have P-axes moderately dipping to the SW and T-axes moderately dipping to the NE, similar to focal mechanisms of earthquakes associated with the recent magma intrusion event under Lake Tahoe (von Seggern, et al., BSSA, 2008). We suggest that the earthquakes in the Foothills Cluster are occurring in response to the downward pull of an attached piece of dense ultramafic batholith residue and the events in the Yosemite Cluster are related to post-delamination crustal magmatic processes.

Ryan, J. C.; Frassetto, A.; Hurd, O.; Zandt, G.; Gilbert, H.; Owens, T.; Jones, C.

2008-12-01

58

The copper–gold and gold deposits of the Neoproterozoic Mara Rosa magmatic arc, central Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mineral exploration in the Neoproterozoic Goiás Magmatic Arc, central Brazil, dates back to the beginning of the 1970s. The Goiás Magmatic Arc extends for more than 1000 km in the western and northern parts of Goiás, into Tocantins, and disappears under the Phanerozoic Parna??ba Basin. Two main areas of Neoproterozoic juvenile crust, the Arenópolis and the Mara Rosa arcs, are

Claudinei G. de Oliveira; Márcio M. Pimentel; Luciana V. de Melo; Reinhardt A. Fuck

2004-01-01

59

THE LBA PROJECT: NUTRIENT CYCLES AND TRACE GAS EXCHANGE IN SAVANNAS OF CENTRAL BRAZIL  

EPA Science Inventory

The Cerrado of central Brazil is one of the largest savannah regions on Earth. The stressors affecting ecosystems in this region, including deforestation, fire, soil degradation, unwise agricultural practices, climate change, and urbanization, are all experienced in many U. S. ec...

60

Acerola pollinators in the savanna of Central Brazil: temporal variations in oil-collecting bee richness  

E-print Network

Acerola pollinators in the savanna of Central Brazil: temporal variations in oil-collecting bee present parameters to support the conservation and management of Acerola pollinators. We monitored pollinator visits to this fruit shrub in a Brazilian savanna and identified the pollinator's other food

61

First Seismic Evidences for Anomalies Related to the Trindade Plume in SE and Central Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Some of the most voluminous mafic potassic provinces of the world are located in SE and Central Brazil emplaced into proterozoic mobile belts and whose magmas date ~85 Ma. Their origins are controversial, some interpreted these magmatisms as an end-stage of Paraná volcanism. On the other hand, reconstructions of plate motion suggest that, at ~ 85 Ma ago, the location of the northeastern Paraná Basin alkaline magmatism coincided with the postulated position of the present-day Trindade Plume. Our tomographic inversions, using more than 7000 relative P-wave arrival times mainly recorded at portable broadband stations deployed at 55 sites along SE and Central Brazil during 1992-2001, reveal the presence of a strong low-velocity anomaly beneath Goiás at upper mantle depths suggesting a fossil remnant of the Trindade Plume which began 85 Ma ago with an impact zone of 500 km radius centered in Iporá, Goiás. The presence of this anomaly has direct implications in tectonic and thermal regimes of SE and Central Brazil, because it could explain the origin of the Late Cretaceous magmatism in this region. At the same time, its persistence underneath Goiás would imply that the upper mantle and the overlying South American plate have been in a coupled motion at least since the aperture of South Atlantic, confirming what was inferred in previous studies carried out in this region. (This work was supported by FAPESP grants, Brazil)

Escalante, C.; Schimmel, M.; Assumpcao, M.

2002-12-01

62

ParkingEducation Week Parking DisabledParking  

E-print Network

for Classes Ed. Week Parking Van Routes Dining Areas Housing Areas Van Stops Direct Shuttles (West StadiumSAB IPF Education Week ParkingEducation Week Parking Education Week Parking Education Week Parking Disabled Parking DisabledParking Education Week Parking BYU Faculty/StaffParking Parking 900 NORTH 900EAST

Hart, Gus

63

The South America Monsoon Circulation and Its Relationship to Rainfall over West-Central Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mean atmospheric circulation for the rainy season over west-central Brazil (20° 10°S, 60° 50°W) is investigated for a 21-yr period (July 1979 June 2000). The NCEP NCAR reanalysis, pentad outgoing longwave radiation (OLR), and daily gridded precipitation analyses from NCEP are used in this study. The analysis presented here provides an improved description of the mean annual cycle based

M. A. Gan; V. E. Kousky; C. F. Ropelewski

2004-01-01

64

Cattle depredation by puma ( Puma concolor) and jaguar ( Panthera onca) in central-western Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, data on cattle depredation by puma (Puma concolor) and jaguar (Panthera onca) were recorded for six years (1998–2003) in a cattle ranch in central-western Brazil. Depredation represented 18.9% of the overall cattle mortality, being predominant on calves. In biomass, kills represented 0.4% (63.8kg\\/km2) of the ranch’s annual stock. In economic loss, kills represented 0.3% of the cattle

Francesca B. L. Palmeira; Peter G. Crawshaw; Claudio M. Haddad; Luciano M. Verdade

2008-01-01

65

Environmental Behaviour of Metolachlor and Diuron in a Tropical Soil in the Central Region of Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The environmental behaviour of metolachlor and diuron was studied in the Central-western region of Brazil, by means of a field\\u000a study where six experimental plots were installed. The soil was classified as a Latosol, and the soil horizons were characterized.\\u000a Sorption of metolachlor and diuron was evaluated in laboratory batch experiments. Metolachlor and diuron were applied to the\\u000a experimental plots

Eliana F. G. C. Dores; Cláudio A. Spadotto; Oscarlina L. S. Weber; Leandro Carbo; Antonio B. Vecchiato; Alicio A. Pinto

2009-01-01

66

Synthesis of the Hydrogeologic Framework of the Floridan Aquifer System and Delineation of a Major Avon Park Permeable Zone in Central and Southern Florida  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The carbonate Floridan aquifer system of central and southern Florida (south of a latitude of about 29 degrees north) is an invaluable resource with a complex framework that has previously been mapped and managed primarily in a subregional context according to geopolitical boundaries. As interest and use of the Floridan aquifer system in this area increase, a consistent regional hydrogeologic framework is needed for effective management across these boundaries. This study synthesizes previous studies on the Floridan aquifer system and introduces a new regional hydrogeologic conceptual framework, linking physical relations between central and southern Florida and between the west and east coastal areas. The differences in hydrogeologic nomenclature and interpretation across the study area from previous studies were identified and resolved. The Floridan aquifer system consists of the Upper Floridan aquifer, middle confining unit, and Lower Floridan aquifer. This study introduces and delineates a new major, regional productive zone or subaquifer, referred to as the Avon Park permeable zone. This zone is contained within the middle confining unit and synthesizes an extensive zone that has been referred to differently in different parts of the study area in previous studies. The name of this zone derives from the description of this zone as the ?Avon Park highly permeable zone? in west-central Florida in a previous study. Additionally, this zone has been identified previously in southeastern Florida as the ?middle Floridan aquifer.? An approximately correlative or approximate time-stratigraphic framework was developed and was used to provide guidance in the identification and determination of aquifers, subaquifers, and confining units within the Floridan aquifer system and to determine their structural relations. Two stratigraphic marker horizons within the Floridan aquifer system and a marker unit near the top of the aquifer system were delineated or mapped. The marker horizons are correlative points in the stratigraphic section rather than a unit with upper and lower boundaries. The two marker horizons and the marker unit originated from previous studies, wherein they were based on lithology and correlation of geophysical log signatures observed in boreholes. The depths of these marker horizons and the marker unit were extended throughout the study area by correlation of natural gamma-ray logs between wells. The Floridan aquifer system includes, in ascending order, the upper part of the Cedar Keys Formation, Oldsmar Formation, Avon Park Formation, Ocala Limestone, Suwannee Limestone, and in some areas the lower part of the Hawthorn Group. The first marker horizon is in the lower part of the aquifer system near the top of the Oldsmar Formation and is associated with the top of distinctive glauconitic limestone beds that are present in some regions; the second marker horizon is near the middle of the aquifer system in the middle part of the Avon Park Formation. The marker unit lies at the top of a basal unit in the Hawthorn Group and provides a stratigraphic constraint for the top of the Floridan aquifer system. The marker horizons do not have distinguishing lithologic characteristics or a characteristic gamma-ray log pattern in all areas but are still thought to be valid because of correlation of the entire section and correlation of all sufficiently deep wells with gamma-ray logs. The Avon Park permeable zone is contained entirely within the Avon Park Formation; its position within the section is either near the middle Avon Park marker horizon or within a thick part of the section that extends several hundred feet above the marker horizon. This subaquifer is present over most of the study area and characteristically consists of thick units of dolostone and interbedded limestone, and limestone in its upper part. Permeability is primarily associated with fracturing. This subaquifer is well developed in west-cen

Reese, Ronald S.; Richardson, Emily

2008-01-01

67

Deep seismic refraction and gravity crustal model and tectonic deformation in Tocantins Province, Central Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Interpretation of seismic refraction data in the central sector of Tocantins Province, Central Brazil, has produced a seismic crustal model with well-defined upper, intermediate, and lower crust layers having smooth velocity gradient in each layer. The depths to Moho vary from 32 to 43 km, and mean crustal P velocity varies from 6.3 km/s, beneath Goiás magmatic arc on the western side, to 6.4 km/s, below Goiás massif in the central portion and the foreland fold-and-thrust belt on the eastern side. The behaviour of the lower crust layer allows an improved understanding of regional gravimetric features of the central and northern sectors of Tocantins Province and suggests subduction of the Amazon plate in Central Brazil. In the southeastern sector, the refraction experiment resulted in the detection of a thinner crust (38 km) below Brasília fold belt and a thicker crust (41 km) below Paraná basin and São Francisco craton (42 km). The upper crust beneath Paraná Basin is around 20 km thick, whereas it is less than 10 km thick below the craton. These results bring new insights into the geological history of the central and southeastern sectors of Tocantins Province. Gravimetric measurements in the central sector of Tocantins Province delineate a high and a low anomaly separated by a steep gradient with a NE direction. The axis of the gradient seems to bend still further to NE in the northern sector of that province, whereas the gravimetric high continues northwards, defining a separation between them. This suggests that those features belong to different tectonic processes that occurred during Tocantins Province orogenesis. The gravimetric model, which incorporates seismically resolved structure beneath Tocantins Province, better matches the observed gravimetric data. Although tectonic movements have only been monitored with high-precision GPS for short time interval (1999-2001), the results suggest observable deformations. The main seismicity of Central Brazil, the Goiás-Tocantins seismic belt, seems to be spatially associated with the large gravimetric high anomaly and with the observed tectonic deformation.

Berrocal, Jesus; Marangoni, Yara; de Sá, Nelsí C.; Fuck, Reinhardt; Soares, José E. P.; Dantas, E.; Perosi, Fábio; Fernandes, Celia

2004-09-01

68

Erosion of Mountain Hiking Trail Over a Seven-Year Period in Daisetsuzan National Park, Central Hokkaido, Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Erosion of mountain hiking trails was investigated in Daisetsuzan National Park over a seven-year period. The amount and rate of erosion were different in the two typical landscape components. Cross-section diagrams revealed that trail depth be- came deeper in snowy vegetated areas than in wind-beaten bare ground areas. The existence and timing of runoff from snowmelt seemed to be important

Akemi Yoda; Teiji Watanabe

69

Crustal structure model of Central Section of Tocantins Province, Central Brazil, with deep seismic refraction and gravity data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research is based on the execution of two lines of deep seismic refraction of 300 km of extension (L1- Porangatu and L2-Cavalcante), crossing over central section of Tocantins Province in Central Brazil, from west to east by using, in each line, 120 seismographs with digital recording, and explosions with controlled time and explosive charges between 500 and 1,000 kg in each 50 km; GPS receivers were employed in order to control hour and geographical coordinates from recording points. This kind of experiment under those conditions is pioneer in Brazil. Initially the experiment data, which have been considered of good quality, allowed the elaboration of 1D models, using TTInvers program. Successive models were related to represent layers with similar characteristics in a preliminary model aiming of modelling in 2D, accomplished with MacRay program. The 2D models obtained in this work represent the final result of seismic velocity distribution from crust beneath L1 and L2 lines. Results show a crust under central section of Tocantins Province with thickness varying from 36 to 43 km, and whose parameters are correlated to main geological structures existents in surface. Vp as well as Vp/Vs ratio mean values vary about 6.5 km/s and 1.74, respectively, with the exception of fold-thrust belt, whose values are 6.3 km/s and 1.73. Those values reach 6.8 km/s and 1.74 beneath São Francisco craton. There are indicia of double subduction occurred in eastern portion of Tocantins Province with São Francisco craton subducting to west (in ~760 Ma), as well as in western portion, with São Francisco craton subducting to east (in ~620 Ma). The gravimetric model, obtained in this work based on this work seismic model, adequately adjusts with observed gravimetric data by using theoretical densities slightly modified, within the limits allowed by the function employed to calculating the densities based on modelled Vp values. Adopted mantle densities to modelling took in consideration Paleoproterozoic age, beneath São Francisco craton, less dense (3.31 g/cm3), and with higher Vp (8.26 km/s), as well as Neoproterozoic one, beneath Tocantins Province, denser (3.34 g/cm3), and with lower Vp (8.07 km/s).

Perosi, F. A.; Berrocal, J. A.

2006-05-01

70

Summer/winter stratification variability in the central part of the South Brazil Bight  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Analysis of the hydrographic data collected during seven consecutive high resolution summer/winter cruises in the central part of the South Brazil Bight off the coastal city of Ubatuba confirmed an observable summer/winter stratification variability of the shelf waters. The maximum bulk stratification occurred at mean distances of 85.6 km and 39.1 km from the coast in the austral winter and summer cruises, respectively. Estimates of the equivalent mixing power of the physical processes that increase or decrease the stratification in the inner and middle shelves showed that both shelf regions would be vertically well mixed were it not for buoyancy advection. In the inner shelf, buoyancy advection was associated with the along-shelf transport of low salinity waters originating from river runoff. In the middle shelf, buoyancy advection was due to the oceanic South Atlantic Central Water intrusions toward the coast.

Castro, Belmiro M.

2014-10-01

71

Visitor Parking Parking Legend  

E-print Network

(Emergency Phones) Z2 A B Z1 Z R1 S1 S2 S R2 C Need supplemental decal to park T1 D E T J H G F Q B C M N P Manchester Athletic Center 19A Pruitt Football Center 20 Calloway Center 20A Manchester Hall 20B Kirby Hall

Erway, Jennifer

72

Secondary metabolites from Pinus mugo Turra subsp. mugo growing in the Majella National Park (Central Apennines, Italy).  

PubMed

In this study, we examined the composition regarding secondary metabolites of P. mugo Turra ssp. mugo growing in the protected area of Majella National Park, which is the southernmost station of the habitat of this species. Both the nonpolar and polar fractions were considered. In particular, the essential-oil composition showed a high variety of compounds, and 109 compounds were detected, and 101 were identified, among which abietane-type compounds have a taxonomic relevance. Abietanes were also isolated from the polar fraction, together with an acylated flavonol and a remarkably high amount of shikimic acid. PMID:24243617

Venditti, Alessandro; Serrilli, Anna Maria; Vittori, Sauro; Papa, Fabrizio; Maggi, Filippo; Di Cecco, Mirella; Ciaschetti, Gianpiero; Bruno, Maurizio; Rosselli, Sergio; Bianco, Amandodoriano

2013-11-01

73

Habitat suitability mapping of Anopheles darlingi in the surroundings of the Manso hydropower plant reservoir, Mato Grosso, Central Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Hydropower plants provide more than 78 % of Brazil's electricity generation, but the country's reservoirs are potential new habitats for main vectors of malaria. In a case study in the surroundings of the Manso hydropower plant in Mato Grosso state, Central Brazil, habitat suitability of Anopheles darlingi was studied. Habitat profile was characterized by collecting environmental data. Remote sensing

Peter Zeilhofer; Emerson Soares dos Santos; Ana LM Ribeiro; Rosina D Miyazaki; Marina Atanaka dos Santos

2007-01-01

74

Uvá complex, the oldest orthogneisses of the Archean-Paleoproterozoic terrane of central Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Archean-Paleoproterozoic terrane of central Brazil is an exotic and allochthonous part of the Tocantins Province, a large Brasiliano/Pan-African orogen of the South American Platform formed during the Brasiliano orogeny. The terrane amalgamated to the province during the late stages of the orogeny as a crustal segment consisting of six Archean orthogneiss complexes and five low-grade metamorphic, in part Paleoproterozoic (Rhyacian) greenstone belts. The Uvá complex is the southernmost orthogneiss association of the Archean-Paleoproterozoic terrane of central Brazil. New U-Pb LA-ICP-MS data from zircon crystals show that the complex formed at least during two magmatic stages. The older consists of polydeformed tonalite and granodiorite batholitic and diorite stock protoliths with igneous age of 3040 Ma to 2930 Ma. The youngest comprises tonalite, monzogranite and granodiorite tabular bodies formed between 2876 and 2846 Ma. As compared to the orthogneisses of the northern portion of the terrane, both the oldest and youngest granitogenesis stages of the Uvá complex are, in average, about 150 Ma older. This suggests that the northern and southern orthogneisses formed during different times as independent crustal segments, but when and why they amalgamated is still under investigation.

Jost, Hardy; Junior, Farid Chemale; Fuck, Reinhardt Adolfo; Dussin, Ivo Antônio

2013-11-01

75

Crust and upper mantle structure in central Brazil derived by receiver functions and SKS splitting analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Three broadband stations were installed in central Brazil to survey possible induced seismic activity during the building of a new power plant. From the continuous recordings more than 30 receiver functions were calculated and used to derive MOHO depth values (38-41 km), average vp/ vs ratio (1.68-1.71) and the average arrival times for the upper mantle discontinuities in this region. Arrival times, not otherwise sampled by global stations, were delayed by about 1.5 s compared to IASP91. SKS shear-wave splitting results suggest the presence of anisotropy in the mantle. The orientation of the fast splitting axis (E-W) follows major deep tectonic structures. The observed E-W splitting direction also correlates well with the current South America plate motion ( i.e. relative to mesosphere). The splitting direction also correlates with observed aeromagnetic trends. This similarity leaves open the possibility of a linkage between the upper mantle fabric imaged by shear wave splitting analysis and the lower crustal structure imaged by aeromagnetometry. In the area of the former foredeep and fold-and-thrust belt of the Tocantins province in central Brazil, as in other Precambrian geologic areas, the measured SKS anisotropy parallels the major geologic features in the shield. The non-uniformity of the measured anisotropy directions in the center of the South American plate and the correlation with aeromagnetic trends suggest that the anisotropy maybe produced by crustal structure rather than by mantle flow.

Rosa, João Willy Corrêa; Rosa, José Wilson Corrêa; Fuck, Reinhardt A.

2012-03-01

76

Permit Parking Metered Parking  

E-print Network

& Ancillary Services, DalCard Office C720 European Studies C730 APICS, Science Co-op C750 Transition Year Parking for people with disabilities Emergency "Code Blue" Phone B120 B120B120 B120 E280E280 E200 C382C382 Student Residence D400 Arts Centre, Cohn Auditorium D420 Marion McCain Arts and Social Sciences Building D

Selinger, Peter

77

Assessing fire emissions from tropical savanna and forests of central Brazil  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Wildfires in tropical forest and savanna are a strong source of trace gas and particulate emissions to the atmosphere, but estimates of the continental-scale impacts are limited by large uncertainties in the rates of fire occurrence and biomass combustion. Satellite-based remote sensing offers promise for characterizing fire physical properties and impacts on the environment, but currently available sensors saturate over high-radiance targets and provide only indications of regions and times at which fires are extensive and their areal rate of growing as recorded in ash layers. Here we describe an approach combining satellite- and aircraft-based remote sensing with in situ measurements of smoke to estimate emissions from central Brazil. These estimates will improve global accounting of radiation-absorbing gases and particulates that may be contributing to climate change and will provide strategic data for fire management.

Riggan, Philip J.; Brass, James A.; Lockwood, Robert N.

1993-01-01

78

Kentucky Clinic Parking Parking Garage  

E-print Network

Cancer Center Hospital Parking Garage & Shuttle Veterans Affairs Medical Center College of Pharmacy ConcourseBridge oneway Exit only Kentucky Children's Hospital HUGUELETDR. WASHINGTONAVE. SOUTH LIMESTONE UK Chandler Hospital Short-term Patient Parking two way #12;

Hayes, Jane E.

79

Invertebrate drift along a longitudinal gradient in a Neotropical stream in Serra do CipoNational Park, Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The diversity and composition of drift invertebrate assemblages were evaluated along a longitudinal gradient of an altitudinal stream in southeastern Brazil. The main goal of this study was to evaluate the influence of seasonality, stream order, and some abiotic factors on invertebrate drift and the use of drifting invertebrate assemblages to assess aquatic invertebrate diversity. Drift samples were collected over

Marcos Callisto; Michael Goulart

2005-01-01

80

Invertebrate drift along a longitudinal gradient in a Neotropical stream in Serra do Cipó National Park, Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The diversity and composition of drift invertebrate assemblages were evaluated along a longitudinal gradient of an altitudinal stream in southeastern Brazil. The main goal of this study was to evaluate the influence of seasonality, stream order, and some abiotic factors on invertebrate drift and the use of drifting invertebrate assemblages to assess aquatic invertebrate diversity. Drift samples were collected over

Marcos Callisto; Michael Goulart

2005-01-01

81

Tomographic imaging of the equatorial and low-latitude ionosphere over central-eastern Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A four-dimensional time-dependent tomographic algorithm, named Multi Instrument Data Analysis System (MIDAS), is used to image the equatorial and low-latitude ionosphere over the central-eastern sides of the Brazilian territory. From differential phase data obtained by a chain of ground-based GPS receiver the total electron content (TEC) is estimated and then, together with a modeled ionosphere from International Reference Ionosphere (IRI) model, the electron density distribution is reconstructed and the parameters of the F2-peak layer are accessed from the images. This paper presents the first study of ionospheric tomography using real dual-frequency data from the Brazilian Network for Continuous GPS Monitoring (RBMC). Ionospheric F2-peak electron density (NmF2) accessed from the images are compared to concurrent measurements from three ionosondes installed across Brazil. One year of data during the solar maximum period from March/2001 to February/2002 is used to analyze the seasonal and hourly variation of the F2-layer peak density. The accuracy with which MIDAS images the electron density during geomagnetic quiet periods is investigated through its correlation and deviation with the ionosonde and IRI model data, respectively. The main aspects of the reconstruction results at the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) region over Brazil are highlighted and discussed.

Muella, M. T. A. H.; de Paula, E. R.; Mitchell, C. N.; Kintner, P. M.; Paes, R. R.; Batista, I. S.

2011-02-01

82

A new species of Calomys (Rodentia, Sigmodontinae) from Central Brazil identified by its karyotype.  

PubMed

Ten species of small rodents of genus Calomys are found in South America. Three of these ten species are known to occur in Brazil: C. tener, C. laucha and C. expulsus (= C. callosus expulsus). Almost all Calomys karyotypes are made up of acrocentric pairs. In this paper we describe a new karyotype with 2n = 46 (FN = 66), including 11 meta/submetacentric and 11 acrocentric autosomal pairs. This is not related to any described Calomys karyotype. The X chromosome is a medium submetacentric and the Y is a small acrocentric. This new karyotype is briefly compared to karyotype of the sympatric species C. tener (2n = 66, FN = 66). The reduced diploid number and small amount of pericentromeric heterochromatin observed in the biarmed chromosomes that contrasts to large blocks seen in acrocentrics seem to indicate that centric fusion and loss of constitutive heterochromatin have led to the new karyotype. Cytogenetic evidence suggests strongly that a new species with 2n = 46 from Central Brazil should be described in the genus Calomys. PMID:11433963

Fagundes, V; Sato, Y; Silva, M J; Rodrigues, F; Yonenaga-Yassuda, Y

2000-01-01

83

Detection of Ehrlichia canis in domestic cats in the central-western region of Brazil  

PubMed Central

Ehrlichiosis is a worldwide distributed disease caused by different bacteria of the Ehrlichia genus that are transmitted by arthropod vectors. Its occurrence in dogs is considered endemic in several regions of Brazil. Regarding cats, however, few studies have been done and, consequently, there is not enough data available. In order to detect Ehrlichia spp. in cats from the central-western region of Brazil, blood and serum samples were collected from a regional population of 212 individuals originated from the cities of Cuiabá and Várzea Grande. These animals were tested by the Immunofluorescence Assay (IFA) and the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) designed to amplify a 409 bp fragment of the dsb gene. The results obtained show that 88 (41.5%) cats were seropositive by IFA and 20 (9.4%) cats were positive by PCR. The partial DNA sequence obtained from PCR products yielded twenty samples that were found to match perfectly the Ehrlichia canis sequences deposited on GenBank. The natural transmission of Ehrlichia in cats has not been fully established. Furthermore, tick infestation was not observed in the evaluated cats and was not observed any association between age, gender and positivity of cats in both tests. The present study reports the first serological and molecular detection of E. canis in domestic cats located in the endemic area previously mentioned. PMID:25242952

Braga, Isis Assis; dos Santos, Luana Gabriela Ferreira; de Souza Ramos, Dirceu Guilherme; Melo, Andreia Lima Tome; da Cruz Mestre, Gustavo Leandro; de Aguiar, Daniel Moura

2014-01-01

84

2001-2010 glacier changes in the Central Karakoram National Park: a contribution to evaluate the magnitude and rate of the "Karakoram anomaly"  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Karakoram is one of the most glacierized region worldwide, and glaciers therein are the main water resource of Pakistan. The attention paid to this area is increasing, because the evolution of its glaciers recently depicted a situation of general stability, known as "Karakoram Anomaly", in contrast to glacier retreat worldwide. Here we focused our attention upon the glacier evolution within the Central Karakoram National Park (CKNP, a newborn park of this region, ca. 12 162 km2 in area) to assess the magnitude and rate of such anomaly. By means of Remote Sensing data (i.e.: Landsat images), we analyzed a sample of more than 700 glaciers, and we found out their area change between 2001 and 2010 is not significant (+27 km2 ± 42 km2), thus confirming their stationarity. We analyzed climate data, snow coverage from MODIS, and supraglacial debris presence, as well as potential (con-) causes. We found a slight decrease of summer temperatures (down to -1.5 °C during 1980-2009) and an increase of wet days during winter (up +3.3 days yr-1 during 1980-2009), possibly increasing snow cover duration, consistently with MODIS data. We further detected considerable supra-glacial debris coverage (ca. 20% of the glacier area which rose up to 31% considering only the ablation area), which could have reduced buried ice melting during the last decade. These results provide further ground to uphold the existence of the Karakoram Anomaly, and present an useful template for assessment of water availability within the glaciers of the CKNP.

Minora, U.; Bocchiola, D.; D'Agata, C.; Maragno, D.; Mayer, C.; Lambrecht, A.; Mosconi, B.; Vuillermoz, E.; Senese, A.; Compostella, C.; Smiraglia, C.; Diolaiuti, G.

2013-06-01

85

Parking Regulations PARKING POLICY STATEMENT  

E-print Network

is restricted to those with college lot decals 24 hours a day, 7 days a week during the academic year, except who park on campus are required to register their motor vehicles with the Rice Parking Office or park and reserved for the primary use of the residents of these neighborhoods and their visitors. When visiting

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

86

Phorcotabanus cinereus (Wiedemann, 1821) (Diptera, Tabanidae), an ornithophilic species of Tabanid in Central Amazon, Brazil.  

PubMed

In Central Amazon, Brazil, the tabanid Phorcotabanus cinereus (Wiedemann) was recorded attacking the native duck Cairina moschata (Linnaeus) (Anseriformes, Anatidae). The flight and behavior of the tabanid during the attacks and the host's defenses were videotaped and analyzed in slow motion. The tabanid was recorded flying rapidly around the heads of the ducks before landing. Landing always took place on the beak, and then the tabanid walked to the fleshy caruncle on the basal part of the beak to bite and feed. Firstly the duck defends itself through lateral harsh head movements, and then, when it is being bitten, it defends itself by rubbing its head on the body, or dipping the head into water, when swimming. If disturbed, the fly resumed the same pattern of flight as before and would generally try to land again on the same host and bite in the same place. This feeding activity was observed predominantly between 9:30 am and 4:30 pm and always in open areas, near aquatic environments, from June 1996 to January 1997, the dry season in Central Amazon. To test the attractiveness of other animals to P. cinereus, mammals, caimans and domestic and wild birds were placed in suitable habitat and the response of P. cinereus observed. P. cinereus did not attack these animals, suggesting that this species has a preference for ducks, which are plentiful in the region. PMID:12386706

Limeira-de-Oliveira, Francisco; Rafael, José Albertino; Henriques, Augusto Loureiro

2002-09-01

87

The Aripuana Park and the Polonoroeste Programme. IWGIA Document No. 59.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Polonoroeste program is a World Bank-funded colonization project in central Brazil. This document looks at the indigenous peoples of the Aripuana Park which lies in the path of the development plan. The main objective of the $1.5 billion project is to pave a highway from Cuiaba to Porto Velho. The project consists of the highway, colonization…

Junqueira, Carmen; Mindlin, Betty

88

Flexural Stresses are a Major Factor to Enhance Intraplate Seismicity in Central Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Explaining intraplate seismic activity has been a challenging task. Several different models have been proposed combining weak crustal zones and mechanisms of stress concentration. Here we propose that stress concentration due to flexural deformation is one of the most important factors to explain seismicity in Central Brazil, especially the SW-NE oriented seismic zone between the Amazon and the São Francisco cratons, called "Goiás-Tocantins Seismic Zone" (GTSZ). This activity has been usually associated with the TransBrasiliano Lineament (TBL), a major Paleozoic transcontinental feature. However, two observations cast doubt on a direct relationship with the Lineament. First, the seismic activity in the Tocantins province is parallel but not coincident with the TBL; secondly, the continental scale TransBrasiliano Lineament shows no seismic activity further to the NE (beneath the Parnaíba basin), while to the SW, the seismic activity follows an E-W and then N-S direction, not coincident with the TBL. On the other hand, the seismic zone coincides exactly with the trend of high isostatic gravity anomalies (above -20 mGal), which were interpreted as due to high-density mantle rocks beneath a belt of thin crust (roughly beneath the Goiás Magmatic Arc and the Central Massif). Upper crustal stresses due to flexural deformation were calculated with finite-element methods assuming a visco-elastic lithosphere overlying a very soft asthenosphere. The lithospheric load due to the shallow, high-density mantle rocks produces compressional stresses up to 100 MPa in the 200 km wide GTSZ. Regional compressive stresses from plate boundary forces combine with the local flexural stresses to reach seismogenic levels in the GTSZ. Away from the central zone of horizontal compression, extensional stresses (related to the peripheral bulge) balance the regional compression, which explains the aseismic areas. Three other seismic clusters (the N-S belt along the Eastern border of the Amazon craton near Carajás, the cluster of seismicity at the northern border of the Parecis Basin (Porto dos Gauchos Seismic Zone), and the active Pantanal Basin overlying the Paraguay foldbelt) are also located in areas of predominantly positive isostatic anomalies. For this reason we propose that similar compressional flexural stresses enhance the regional, plate-wide stresses up to seismogenic levels in other areas and are an important factor to explain the mid-plate seismicity in Brazil.

Assumpcao, M.; Sacek, V.

2012-12-01

89

Blue Spring State Park Immunization  

E-print Network

: Argentina Bangladesh Bolivia Brazil Burkina Faso Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Ecuador France Honduras September 23, 2013 #12;Korea Venezuela Manners and Culture Q: Why doesn't UF have more parking lots? A

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

90

Parking Lot Handicap Parking  

E-print Network

. Please recycle this map back to the Audiology Clinic Secretary! LINCOLN CENTRAL Sports Pavilion (SPAC) Frances Searle Audiology Clinic 2240 Campus Drive Building Entrance DARTMOUTH COLFAX Clinic Patients ONLY

91

Forman Park University Pl  

E-print Network

NTOW N 5 FORM AN PARK 6 7 W ashington Street Fayette Street Genesee & Irving Street University 18. Landmark Theatre 19. Salina Street 20. S.ALT City Mural 21. Hanover Square 22. Storefront:Syracuse Design Center 23. Erie Canal Museum 24. City Hall 25. Jazz Central / CNY Jazz / Rarely Done Productions

Mather, Patrick T.

92

Indigenous Burning as Conservation Practice: Neotropical Savanna Recovery amid Agribusiness Deforestation in Central Brazil  

PubMed Central

International efforts to address climate change by reducing tropical deforestation increasingly rely on indigenous reserves as conservation units and indigenous peoples as strategic partners. Considered win-win situations where global conservation measures also contribute to cultural preservation, such alliances also frame indigenous peoples in diverse ecological settings with the responsibility to offset global carbon budgets through fire suppression based on the presumed positive value of non-alteration of tropical landscapes. Anthropogenic fire associated with indigenous ceremonial and collective hunting practices in the Neotropical savannas (cerrado) of Central Brazil is routinely represented in public and scientific conservation discourse as a cause of deforestation and increased CO2 emissions despite a lack of supporting evidence. We evaluate this claim for the Xavante people of Pimentel Barbosa Indigenous Reserve, Brazil. Building upon 23 years of longitudinal interdisciplinary research in the area, we used multi-temporal spatial analyses to compare land cover change under indigenous and agribusiness management over the last four decades (1973–2010) and quantify the contemporary Xavante burning regime contributing to observed patterns based on a four year sample at the end of this sequence (2007–2010). The overall proportion of deforested land remained stable inside the reserve (0.6%) but increased sharply outside (1.5% to 26.0%). Vegetation recovery occurred where reserve boundary adjustments transferred lands previously deforested by agribusiness to indigenous management. Periodic traditional burning by the Xavante had a large spatial distribution but repeated burning in consecutive years was restricted. Our results suggest a need to reassess overreaching conservation narratives about the purported destructiveness of indigenous anthropogenic fire in the cerrado. The real challenge to conservation in the fire-adapted cerrado biome is the long-term sustainability of indigenous lands and other tropical conservation islands increasingly subsumed by agribusiness expansion rather than the localized subsistence practices of indigenous and other traditional peoples. PMID:24349045

Welch, James R.; Brondizio, Eduardo S.; Hetrick, Scott S.; Coimbra, Carlos E. A.

2013-01-01

93

Indigenous burning as conservation practice: neotropical savanna recovery amid agribusiness deforestation in Central Brazil.  

PubMed

International efforts to address climate change by reducing tropical deforestation increasingly rely on indigenous reserves as conservation units and indigenous peoples as strategic partners. Considered win-win situations where global conservation measures also contribute to cultural preservation, such alliances also frame indigenous peoples in diverse ecological settings with the responsibility to offset global carbon budgets through fire suppression based on the presumed positive value of non-alteration of tropical landscapes. Anthropogenic fire associated with indigenous ceremonial and collective hunting practices in the Neotropical savannas (cerrado) of Central Brazil is routinely represented in public and scientific conservation discourse as a cause of deforestation and increased CO2 emissions despite a lack of supporting evidence. We evaluate this claim for the Xavante people of Pimentel Barbosa Indigenous Reserve, Brazil. Building upon 23 years of longitudinal interdisciplinary research in the area, we used multi-temporal spatial analyses to compare land cover change under indigenous and agribusiness management over the last four decades (1973-2010) and quantify the contemporary Xavante burning regime contributing to observed patterns based on a four year sample at the end of this sequence (2007-2010). The overall proportion of deforested land remained stable inside the reserve (0.6%) but increased sharply outside (1.5% to 26.0%). Vegetation recovery occurred where reserve boundary adjustments transferred lands previously deforested by agribusiness to indigenous management. Periodic traditional burning by the Xavante had a large spatial distribution but repeated burning in consecutive years was restricted. Our results suggest a need to reassess overreaching conservation narratives about the purported destructiveness of indigenous anthropogenic fire in the cerrado. The real challenge to conservation in the fire-adapted cerrado biome is the long-term sustainability of indigenous lands and other tropical conservation islands increasingly subsumed by agribusiness expansion rather than the localized subsistence practices of indigenous and other traditional peoples. PMID:24349045

Welch, James R; Brondízio, Eduardo S; Hetrick, Scott S; Coimbra, Carlos E A

2013-01-01

94

Seismic characteristics of central Brazil crust and upper mantle: A deep seismic refraction study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A two-dimensional model of the Brazilian central crust and upper mantle was obtained from the traveltime interpretation of deep seismic refraction data from the Porangatu and Cavalcante lines, each approximately 300 km long. When the lines were deployed, they overlapped by 50 km, forming an E-W transect approximately 530 km long across the Tocantins Province and western São Francisco Craton. The Tocantins Province formed during the Neoproterozoic when the São Francisco, the Paranapanema, and the Amazon cratons collided, following the subduction of the former Goiás ocean basin. Average crustal VP and VP/VS ratios, Moho topography, and lateral discontinuities within crustal layers suggest that the crust beneath central Brazil can be associated with major geological domains recognized at the surface. The Moho is an irregular interface, between 36 and 44 km deep, that shows evidences of first-order tectonic structures. The 8.05 and 8.23 km s-1 P wave velocities identify the upper mantle beneath the Porangatu and Cavalcante lines, respectively. The observed seismic features allow for the identification of (1) the crust has largely felsic composition in the studied region, (2) the absence of the mafic-ultramafic root beneath the Goiás magmatic arc, and (3) block tectonics in the foreland fold-and-thrust belt of the northern Brasília Belt during the Neoproterozoic. Seismic data also suggested that the Bouguer gravimetric discontinuities are mainly compensated by differences in mass distribution within the lithospheric mantle. Finally, the Goiás-Tocantins seismic belt can be interpreted as a natural seismic alignment related to the Neoproterozoic mantle domain.

Soares, José E.; Berrocal, Jesus; Fuck, Reinhardt A.; Mooney, Walter D.; Ventura, DhéBora B. R.

2006-12-01

95

Seismic Characteristics of Central Brazil Crust and Upper Mantle: A Deep Seismic refraction Study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A two-dimensional model of the Brazilian central crust and upper mantle was obtained from the travel-time interpretation of deep seismic refraction data from the Porangatu and Cavalcante lines, each approximately 300 km long. When the lines were deployed, they overlapped by 50 km, forming an EW transect approximately 530 km long across the Tocantins Province and western Sao Francisco Craton. The Tocantins Province formed during the Neoproterozoic when the Sao Francisco, the Paranapanema and the Amazon cratons collided, following the subduction of the former Goias Ocean basin. Average crustal VP and VP/VS ratios, Moho topography, and lateral discontinuities within crustal layers suggest that the crust beneath central Brazil can be associated with major geological domains recognized at the surface. The Moho is an irregular interface, between 36 and 44 km deep, that shows evidences of first order tectonic structures. 8.0 km/s and 8.3 km/s P-wave velocities identify the upper mantle beneath the Porangatu and Cavalcante lines, respectively. The observed seismic features allow for the identification of: i) the crust has largely felsic composition in the studied region, ii) the absence of the mafic- ultramafic root beneath the Goias magmatic arc; and iii) block tectonics in the foreland fold-and-thrust belt of the northern Brasilia Belt during the Neoproterozoic. Seismic data also suggested that the Bouguer gravimetric discontinuities are mainly compensated by differences in mass distribution within the lithospheric mantle. Finally, the Goias-Tocantins seismic belt can be interpreted as a natural seismic alignment related to the Neoproterozoic mantle domain.

Soares, J.; Berrocal, J.; Fuck, R.; Mooney, W. D.; Ventura, D. B.

2007-05-01

96

Trypanosoma cruzi infection in wild mammals of the National Park 'Serra da Capivara' and its surroundings (Piaui, Brazil), an area endemic for Chagas disease.  

PubMed

We studied the prevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi infection among eight species of wild small mammals (n=289) in an area where human cases of infection/disease have occurred. Dogs (n=52) and goats (n=56) were also surveyed. The study was carried out inside a biological reserve, the National Park 'Serra da Capivara' and its surroundings in Piaui State, Brazil. The marsupial Didelphis albiventris and the caviomorph rodent Trichomys apereoides were found to be the most important reservoirs in the study area. Trichomys apereoides was the most abundant species (80%) and D. albiventris the most frequently infected (61%). Both T. cruzi I and T. cruzi II genotypes were isolated from these species. One specimen of Tr. apereoides displayed a mixed T. cruzi I/zymodeme 3 infection. Serum prevalence among dogs suggests that they may be involved in the maintenance of the parasite in the peridomestic environment, in contrast to goats, which are not apparently of any epidemiological importance. The distinct distribution and patterns of infection observed in the study areas suggest that even in the same biome, epidemiological studies or determination of control measures must take into account ecological peculiarities. PMID:15780345

Herrera, L; D'Andrea, P S; Xavier, S C C; Mangia, R H; Fernandes, O; Jansen, A M

2005-05-01

97

Effects of Different Treatments of Pasture Restoration on Soil Trace Gas Emissions in the Cerrados of Central Brazil  

EPA Science Inventory

Planted pastures ( mainly Brachiaria spp) are the most extensive land use in the cerrado (savannas of central Brazil) with an area of approximately 50 x 10(6) ha. The objective of the study was to assess the effects of pasture restoration on the N dynamics ( net N mineralization/...

98

Effects of logging, liana tangles and pasture on seed fate of dry forest tree species in Central Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

We assessed seed fate of six tree species in a seasonally deciduous forest of Central Brazil. Seed germination, predation, removal and death caused by pathogens or dessication were followed in an undisturbed forest site, a logged forest site, and an active pasture. In both forest types we sowed seeds under patches of liana tangles (Low Forest habitat) and under patches

Daniel Luis Mascia Vieira; Aldicir Scariot

2006-01-01

99

Upper mantle anisotropy in SE and Central Brazil from SKS splitting: Evidence of asthenospheric flow around a cratonic keel  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present results of upper mantle anisotropy derived from measurements of core refracted shear wave splitting (mainly SKS phases) recorded at 48 stations covering the major tectonic provinces in Central and SE Brazil, such as the Tocantins Province (Paraguay–Araguaia and Brasília belts between the Amazon and São Francisco cratons), the Paraná intracratonic basin, the southern part of the São Francisco

Marcelo Assumpção; Maggy Heintz; Alain Vauchez; Marcos Egydio Silva

2006-01-01

100

REGIONAL EMISSIONS OF NITRIC OXIDE (NO) AND CARBON DIOXIDE (CO2) IN AGROECOSYSTEMS IN CENTRAL WEST REGION, BRAZIL.  

EPA Science Inventory

The Central West Region in Brazil has been the focus of intense agricultural expansion since the 1970s and, nowadays, a large area of native cerrado has been converted to agricultural use. The expansion was accompanied by intensive use of fertilizer, irrigation and management pra...

101

Pertussis in the central-west region of Brazil: one decade study.  

PubMed

In many parts of the world, numerous outbreaks of pertussis have been described despite high vaccination coverage. In this article we report the epidemiological characteristics of pertussis in Brazil using a Surveillance Worksheet. Secondary data of pertussis case investigations reported from January 1999 to December 2008 recorded in the Information System for Notifiable Diseases (SINAN) and the Central Laboratory for Public Health (LACEN-MS) were utilized. The total of 561 suspected cases were reported and 238 (42.4%) of these were confirmed, mainly in children under six months (61.8%) and with incomplete immunization (56.3%). Two outbreaks were detected. Mortality rate ranged from 2.56% to 11.11%. The occurrence of outbreaks and the poor performance of cultures for confirming diagnosis are problems which need to be addressed. High vaccination coverage is certainly a good strategy to reduce the number of cases and to reduce the impact of the disease in children younger than six months. PMID:24275370

Druzian, Angelita Fernandes; Brustoloni, Yvone Maia; Oliveira, Sandra Maria do Valle Leone; Matos, Vanessa Terezinha Gubert de; Negri, Adriana Carla Garcia; Pinto, Clarice Souza; Asato, Silvia; Urias, Cirlene dos Santos Gonçalves; Paniago, Anamaria Mello Miranda

2014-01-01

102

First molecular typing of cryptococcemia-causing cryptococcus in central-west Brazil.  

PubMed

Molecular epidemiology studies on cryptococcemia are limited. This study aimed to describe the clinical features of patients with bloodstream infections by Cryptococcus sp. in a public tertiary hospital in Mato Grosso do Sul, as well as identify the fungus' molecular type and determine its antifungal susceptibility. Molecular typing was performed using URA5 restriction fragment length polymorphism PCR, and antifungal susceptibility was determined by microdilution method standardized by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. Over 14 years, 48 patients were diagnosed with cryptococcemia. The majority (72.9 %) was male with a median age of 40 years; 81.3 % of the patients had HIV/AIDS and 72.9 % died. Cryptococcus neoformans was the most commonly isolated species (97.9 %). Molecular analysis identified the genotypes C. neoformans VNI (93.7 %), C. neoformans VNII (4.2 %), and Cryptococcus gattii VGII (2.1 %). In vitro, these fungi were not resistant to fluconazole, itraconazole, voriconazole, and amphotericin B. This is the first description of the molecular types of cryptococcemia agents in central-west Brazil. Its high lethality, especially in HIV-negative patients, suggests that early diagnosis and prompt antifungal therapy are crucial for a good clinical outcome. PMID:23846587

Tsujisaki, Rosianne Assis de Sousa; Paniago, Anamaria Mello Miranda; Lima Júnior, Manoel Sebastião da Costa; Alencar, Débora de Souza Olartechea de; Spositto, Fernanda Luíza Espinosa; Nunes, Maína de Oliveira; Trilles, Luciana; Chang, Marilene Rodrigues

2013-10-01

103

National Parks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online directory focuses on national parks throughout the country that offer educational opportunities. Where possible, it includes the following information for each: the type of support offered, including educational materials, access to a naturalist or specialists, and classes/workshops; and mailing address and contact information. In addition, a link to the National Park Service's Web site is included.

104

Prospect Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While many readers may be aware that trees grow in Brooklyn, few may be cognizant of the fact that, yes, a forest grows in Brooklyn. This urban forest just happens to be in the boroughâÂÂs own lovely Prospect Park, designed by those giants of landscape architects, Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux. Often overlooked by some who are primarily concerned with that other large swath of green in the middle of Manhattan, Prospect Park contains a 90-acre meadow, a zoo, a celebrated performing arts festival, and a lake. Visitors to the Prospect Park Alliance website can learn all about these things, and also delve into the parkâÂÂs history. Those planning a visit may wish to look at the âÂÂGeneral Infoâ and âÂÂPlaces To Goâ sections for a selection of brief descriptions and photographs. For those seeking a historical perspective the âÂÂHistory & Natureâ area is delightful. Here visitors can learn about the parkâÂÂs historical development and creation, and learn more about those individuals responsible for the parkâÂÂs design and aesthetic appeal. Finally, visitors should look at the online exhibit âÂÂA Glimpse Of Prospect Parkâ for a bit of visual perspective on the parkâÂÂs history.

Prospect Park (New York, N.Y.)

105

Park It!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many artists visit national parks to draw, paint and take photographs of some of the most amazing scenery on earth. Raw nature is one of the greatest inspirations to an artist, and artists can be credited for helping inspire the government to create the National Park System. This article features Thomas Moran (1837-1926), one of the artists who…

Sartorius, Tara Cady

2010-01-01

106

Free Parking David Tarboton  

E-print Network

ENG STL STL STANLAUBPRACTICE FACILITY 1 2 2 BBT 3 3 4 Student Parking Areas BLUE permit holders may park in any Blue or Yellow parking area. YELLOW permit holders may park in any Yellow parking area area. Misc. Parking Areas PUBLIC PAY PARKING Rates are posted at each site. STATE VEHICLE PARKING 1

Tarboton, David

107

Adverse events and technical complaints related to central venous catheters marketed in Brazil  

PubMed Central

Aim The objective of this study was to critically analyze data of the National Notification System for Adverse Events and Technical Complaints (Notivisa) related to central venous catheters, through an evaluation of the description of notifications recorded between 2006 and 2009. Methods Notifications were categorized and evaluated to: (i) determine the number of adverse events and technical complaints, (ii) verify compliance with the classification criteria defined by the legislation, (iii) reclassify notifications, when necessary, in order for them to fit in with the legal definitions, (iv) verify registered companies in Brazil, (v) quantify the notifications according to the registered company and product lot, and (vi) identify the country of original of the notified product. Microsoft Excel(r) 2010 was used to categorize and systematize the data. Results Some conceptual errors and incomplete records were found. Altogether, 228 notifications of technical complaints and 119 of adverse events were identified. Some notifications on guidewires and broken catheters were reported which led to the necessity of duplicating some medical procedures and to the occurrence of lesions/lacerations of vessels and tissue injury. Forty-seven percent of companies presented at least one notification in Notivisa and in all, 38 product lots had more than one notification. Conclusion These data support a necessity for cooperation between all entities of the National Health Surveillance System to check compliance of this type of product and to properly report adverse events and technical complaints. It is also important to incorporate minimum standards for the management of technologies in health services, including in the acquisition of products and training of staff. PMID:23904810

Morais, Luciene de Oliveira; Friedrich, Karen; Melchior, Stela Candioto; Silva, Michele Feitoza; Gemal, Andre Luis; Delgado, Isabella Fernandes

2013-01-01

108

Soil chemical changes under irrigated mango production in the Central São Francisco River Valley, Brazil.  

PubMed

Irrigated areas in Brazil's Central São Francisco River Valley have experienced declines in productivity, which may be a reflection of changes in soil chemical properties due to management. This study was conducted to compare the chemical composition of soil solutions and cation exchange complexes in a five-year-old grove of irrigated mango (Mangifera indica L. cv. Tommy Atkins) with that of an adjacent clearing in the native caatinga vegetation. A detailed physiographic characterization of the area revealed a subsurface rock layer, which was more undulating than the current land surface, and identified the presence of a very saline and sodic (1045 microS cm(-1), sodium adsorption ratio [SAR] = 5.19) ground water table. While changes in concentrations of Ca, Mg, and K could be attributed to direct management inputs (fertilization and liming with dolomite), increases in Na suggested average annual capillary rise from the ground water table of 28 L m(-2). Accordingly, soil salinity levels appeared to be more dependent on surface elevation than the elevation of the rock layer or sediment thickness. The apparent influence of land surface curvature on water redistribution and the solution chemistry was more pronounced under irrigated mango production. In general, salinity levels had doubled in the mango grove and nearly tripled under the canopies, after only five years of irrigation. Though critical saline or sodic conditions were not encountered, the changes observed indicate a need for more adequate monitoring and management of water and salt inputs despite the excellent water quality of the São Francisco River. PMID:12931897

Heck, R J; Tiessen, H; Salcedo, I H; Santos, M C

2003-01-01

109

Estimated Incidence and Genotypes of HIV-1 among Pregnant Women in Central Brazil  

PubMed Central

Objective To estimate the incidence of HIV-1 infection among pregnant women from central-western Brazil. Design Observational cross-sectional study. Methods A total of 54,139 pregnant women received antenatal HIV screening from a network of public healthcare centers in 2011. The incidence of confirmed HIV-1 infection was estimated using the Serological Testing Algorithms for Recent HIV Seroconversion (STARHS) methodology and BED-capture enzyme immunoassay (BED-CEIA). The yearly incidence was calculated, and adjusted incidence rates were estimated. For a subgroup of patients, protease and partial reverse transcriptase regions were retrotranscribed from plasma HIV-1 RNA and sequenced after performing a nested polymerase chain reaction. Results Of the participants, 20% had a pregnancy before the age of 18 and approximately 40% were experiencing their first pregnancy. Of the 54,139 pregnant women screened, 86 had a confirmed HIV-1 diagnosis, yielding an overall prevalence of 1.59 cases per 1000 women (95% CI 1.27–1.96). A higher prevalence was detected in the older age groups, reflecting cumulative exposure to the virus over time. Among the infected pregnant women, 20% were considered recently infected according to the BED-CEIA. The estimated incidence of HIV infection was 0.61 per 1000 person-years (95% CI 0.33-0.89); the corrected incidence was 0.47 per 1000 person-years (95% CI 0.26-0.68). In a subgroup of patients, HIV-1 subtype C (16.7%) was the second most prevalent form after subtype B (66.7%); BF1 recombinants (11.1%) and one case of subtype F1 (5.5%) were also detected. Conclusion This study highlights the potential for deriving incidence estimates from a large antenatal screening program for HIV. The rate of recent HIV-1 infection among women in their early reproductive years is a public health warning to implement preventive measures. PMID:24223904

Costa, Zelma Bernardes; Stefani, Mariane Martins de Araujo; de Lima, Yanna Andressa Ramos; de Souza, Wayner Vieira; de Siqueira Filha, Noemia Teixeira; Turchi, Marilia Dalva; Borges, Walter Costa; Filho, Clidenor Gomes; Filho, Jose Vicente Macedo; Minuzzi, Ana Lucia; Martelli, Celina Maria Turchi

2013-01-01

110

Parks Canada  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The national park system of Canada is extensive, stretching from Baffin Island to areas in British Columbia. The stated goal of the system is "to establish a system of national parks that represents each of Canada's distinct natural regions." First-time visitors to the site can use the Introduction area to learn more about the system, and there's also a Planning Your Visit link that's quite helpful. The basic document that most users will want to check out here is titled "National Parks System Plan" and it offers a broad overview of the 39 national parks in Canada. Visitors can learn about parks such as Aulavik, Prince Edward Island, and others by clicking over to the Find a National Park area. Naturalists and scientists can use the Species at Risk area to learn about what the Canadian government is doing to protect species such as the whooping crane and the seaside centipede lichen. Finally, the site is rounded out by the Managing Human Use link which talks about their long-range plans to ensure that the parks maintain a balance between visitors and conserving the natural areas.

2008-10-27

111

Ecological distribution of stream macroalgal communities from a drainage basin in the Serra da Canastra National Park, Minas Gerais, Southeastern Brazil.  

PubMed

Twelve stream segments were sampled four times in 1998-1999 (one sampling per season) in the drainage basin of the upper São Francisco River (19 masculine 45'-21 masculine 25'S, 49 masculine 05'-51 masculine 30'W), situated in Serra da Canastra National Park, at altitudes ranging from 1,175 to 1,400 m. The macroalgae survey resulted in 30 species, with a predominance of Cyanophyta (12 species = 40%) and Chlorophyta (11 species = 36.5%) and a lower proportion of Rhodophyta (seven species = 23.5%). Two species, Klebsormidium rivulare (Chlorophyta) and Kyliniella latvica (Rhodophyta), were new records for Brazil. Capsosira sp. and Stigonema sp. (Cyanophyta) and the "Chantransia" stage of Batrachospermum (Rhodophyta) were the most widespread macroalgae, occurring in six sampling sites, whereas 11 species were found at only one site. The proportion of macroalgal morphological types were as follows: mats (33%), free filaments (27%), gelatinous filaments (27%), crusts (7%), tufts (3%), and gelatinous colonies (3%). The flora revealed few species in common (4%-8%) with stream macroalgae from other Brazilian regions. The macroalgal communities proved to have species richness values close to the highest values reported in previous studies. The patterns typical for stream macroalgal communities (patchy distribution and dominance of few species) were also found in this basin. However, the stream variables most influential in macroalgal distribution in this study (rocky substratum, low pH, high COD, water color, and current velocity) were essentially the same that best describe the limnological characteristics of this lotic ecosystem. In addition, this combination of variables differed sharply from results of previous studies in other Brazilian stream ecosystems. PMID:15029374

Necchi-Júnior, O; Branco, L H Z; Branco, C C Z

2003-11-01

112

Remote sensing and GIS investigation of glacial features in the region of Devil's Lake State Park, South-Central Wisconsin, USA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study utilizes Landsat TM, ASTER and Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR)-derived DEMs in conjunction with Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in order to reevaluate previously-published interpretations of glacial landforms in and around Devil's Lake State Park, south-central Wisconsin, USA. Devil's Lake sits in a gorge carved into the southern flank of a doubly-plunging syncline known as the Baraboo Hills through which the Wisconsin or some other river flowed prior to the last ice age. During the last glacial maximum about 18,000 B.P., an outlet glacier of the Laurentide Ice Sheet called the Green Bay Lobe extended southward into south-central Wisconsin and left behind extensive glacial landforms such as moraines, drumlins and eskers. During advance of the Green Bay Lobe into the region, Devil's Lake Gorge was plugged at both ends by glacial deposits and resulted in formation of Devil's Lake. The Wisconsin River, if it originally flowed through Devil's Lake Gorge, found a new course to the east of the Baraboo Hills Syncline. This study utilizes the aforementioned remote sensing data to spatially image the following features: (1) Original extent of the Green Bay Lobe, (2) Moraines and streamlined glacial landforms as indicators of ice-flow directions, and (3) Former path of the old Wisconsin or some other river prior to being rerouted by the Green Bay Lobe. GIS analysis is also performed in order to test published interpretations of the regional glacial history. This study confirms that glacial features observed today are consistent with the former advance of the Green Bay Lobe into the area, formation of glacial Lake Wisconsin, plugging of Devil's Lake Gorge by a moraine to form Devil's Lake, and subsequent glacial retreat leading to the breaching of an ice dam and catastrophic flooding by ~ 14,000 years ago. The large aerial coverage of satellite imagery with resolutions up to 15 m are valuable for reevaluating regional interpretations previously based on local field mapping and aerial photography of limited extent.

Lytwyn, Jennifer

2010-11-01

113

Occult hepatitis B virus infection among injecting drug users in the Central-West Region of Brazil  

PubMed Central

The prevalence of occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection was investigated in 149 hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) negative injecting drug users (IDUs) in the Central-West Region of Brazil. Of these individuals, 19 were positive for HBV DNA, resulting in an occult HBV infection prevalence of 12.7% (19/149); six of these 19 individuals had anti-HBV core and/or anti-HBV surface antibodies and 13 were negative for HBV markers. All IDUs with occult hepatitis B reported sexual and/or parenteral risk behaviours. All HBV DNA-positive samples were successfully genotyped. Genotype D was the most common (17/19), followed by genotype A (2/19). These findings reveal a high prevalence of occult HBV infection and the predominance of genotype D among IDUs in Brazil's Central-West Region. PMID:23778654

de Matos, Marcia Alves Dias; Ferreira, Renata Carneiro; Rodrigues, Fabiana Perez; Marinho, Tamiris Augusto; Lopes, Carmen Luci Rodrigues; Novais, Antonia Carlos Magalhaes; Motta-Castro, Ana Rita Coimbra; Teles, Sheila Araujo; Souto, Francisco Jose Dutra; Martins, Regina Maria Bringel

2013-01-01

114

The Mara Rosa Arch in the Tocantins Province: further evidence for Neoproterozoic crustal accretion in Central Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Mara Rosa volcano-sedimentary sequence consists of several NNE-trending belts of metavolcanic (metabasalts to metarhyolites) and metasedimentary rocks (micaschists, quartzites, cherts), exposed over large areas of the Tocantins Province, a Neoproterozoic (Brasiliano) orogenic region in the central part of Brazil. The supracrustal belts are separated by terrains dominated by metatonalites and metadiorites and intruded by several post-orogenic granitic and dioritic

Márcio M. Pimentel; Martin J. Whitehouse; Maria das G. Viana; Reinhardt A. Fuck; Machado Nuno

1997-01-01

115

Do Latin American Central Bankers Behave NonLinearly?: The Experiences of Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

This papers estimates unrestricted monetary reaction functions for four Latin American countries (Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Mexico) and tests for the presence of non-linear effects in central bank behaviour. The analysis covers the post-1999 inflation-targeting period. We deal with the presence of unit roots in the data by estimating the policy rules in a co-integration setting. We test for linear

Luiz de Mello; Diego Moccero; Matteo Mogliani

2009-01-01

116

Dating coeval mafic magmatism and ultrahigh temperature metamorphism in the Anápolis-Itauçu Complex, Central Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dating granulites has always been of great interest because they represent one of the most extreme settings of an orogen. Owing to the resilience of zircon, even in such severe environments, the link between P-T conditions and geological time is possible. However, a challenge to geochronologists is to define whether the growth of new zircon is related to pre- or post-P-T peak conditions and which processes might affect the (re)crystallization. In this context, the Anápolis-Itauçu Complex, a high-grade complex in central Brazil with ultrahigh temperature (UHT) granulites, may provide valuable information within this topic. The Anápolis-Itauçu Complex (AIC) includes ortho- and paragranulites, locally presenting UHT mineral assemblages, with igneous zircon ages varying between 760 and 650 Ma and metamorphic overgrowths dated at around 650-640 Ma. Also common in the Anápolis-Itauçu Complex are layered mafic-ultramafic complexes metamorphosed under high-grade conditions. This article presents the first geological and geochronological constraints of three of these layered complexes within the AIC, the Damolândia, Taquaral and Goianira-Trindade complexes. U-Pb (LA-MC-ICPMS, SHRIMP and ID-TIMS) zircon analyses reveal a spread of concordant ages spanning within an age interval of ~ 80 Ma with an “upper” intercept age of ~ 670 Ma. Under cathodoluminescence imaging, these crystals show partially preserved primary sector zoning, as well as internal textures typical of alteration during high-grade metamorphism, such as inward-moving boundaries. Zircon grains reveal homogeneous initial 176Hf/177Hf values in distinct crystal-scale domains in all samples. Moreover, Hf isotopic ratios show correlation neither with U-Pb ages nor with Th/U ratios, suggesting that zircon grains crystallized during a single growth event. It is suggested, therefore, that the observed spread of concordant U-Pb ages may be related to a memory effect due to coupled dissolution-reprecipitation process during high grade metamorphism. Therefore, understanding the emplacement and metamorphism of this voluminous mafic magmatism is crucial as it may represent an additional heat source for the development of the ultrahigh temperature paragenesis recorded in the paragranulites.

Giustina, Maria Emilia Schutesky Della; Pimentel, Márcio Martins; Ferreira Filho, Cesar Fonseca; de Hollanda, Maria Helena Bezerra Maia

2011-05-01

117

Magnetic Fabric of the Aquidauana Formation, western border of the Paraná Basin Central Brazil: Preliminary Results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The glaciogenic sedimentation (Carboniferous-Permian) on the western border of the Paraná Basin is represented by reddish-brown strata of the Aquidauana Formation. Subsurface data suggest that this Formation is equivalent to the Itararé Group, which contains the most extensive lithological record of Gondwana glaciation in the world. The Aquidauna Formation crops out as an NNE-SSW-oriented elongated belt at the western portion of the Maracaju-Campo Grande Plateau in Mato Grosso do Sul State (Central part of Brazil), and extents to the north up to Mato Grosso and Goias states. This Formation is composed of a variety of types of sandstones, siltites, and mudstones. The magnetic studies were performed on sites of undeformed reddish-brown sandstones, siltites, and mudstones, which crop out mainly in Mato Grosso do Sul State. Magnetic fabrics were determined on oriented cylindrical specimens (2.54 cm x 2.2 cm) using anisotropy of low-field magnetic susceptibility (AMS). Rock-magnetic analyses reveal that both magnetite and hematite are the main magnetic minerals in the majority of the analyzed sites. Regarding the eingenvector orientations, the sites usually gave good results. The analysis at the individual-site scale defines two AMS fabric types. The first type shows Kmin perpendicular to the bedding plane, while Kmax and Kint are scattered within the bedding plane itself. This fabric is usually interpreted as primary (sedimentary-compactional), typical of undeformed sediments and is dominant among the sites. The second type shows good clustering of the AMS principal axes with Kmin still either perpendicular or sub-perpendicular to the bedding plane. This fabric type could be interpreted as a combination of sedimentary-compactional and tectonic contributions if some strain markers or evidence for tectonic deformation had been found in the studied area. On the other hand, the tight Kmax grouping in this fabric type could be explained by the action of currents since they cause Kmax to be aligned sub-parallel to the paleocurrent direction.

Raposo, M. B.

2013-05-01

118

Alaska Park Science National Park Service  

E-print Network

Alaska Park Science National Park Service Alaska Support Office 2525 Gambell Street Anchorage, Alaska 99503-2892 PhotographcourtesyofAlutiiqMuseumandHeritageCenter NationalParkServicephotograph #12;Alaska Park Science Connections to Natural and Cultural Resource Studies in Alaska's National Parks

119

Car Parking and Access Car Parking  

E-print Network

Car Parking and Access Car Parking Parking permits are provided free of charge for visitors of the car parks on campus for the duration of the conference. The number of available spaces, and the location, will depend on demand for car parking for University business on any given date. Unfortunately

Sussex, University of

120

Results from deep seismic refraction experiments and teleseismic broadband studies carried out in Central Brazil, and future geotectonic studies in North-Eastern Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Well-defined crustal models have been obtained in Central and Southeastern sectors of Tocantins Province, Central Brazil, from travel time interpretation of deep seismic refraction data using three 300 km long lines with 120 digital seismographs and explosions with controlled time in each 50 km with charges between 500 and 1,000 kg of IBEMUX emulsion. In the Southeastern sector the upper crust is thin, less than 4 km thick and VP 5.65 km/s, the middle crust with VP 6.13 km/s is thicker in the western side of the section, around 15 km thick getting thinner to the east, less than 10 km, and a thicker VP 6.7 km/s lower crust with Moho reaching 41 km of depth beneath the Paraná Basin in the west extreme, shallowing to 38 km in the central part of the section and getting thicker again, 42 km, in the eastern extreme beneath the São Francisco Craton. The Tocantins Province in the Central sector has two layers in the upper crust a thin one with less than 4 km thick and VP 5.9 km/s, and a 10 km thick layer with VP 6.15 km/s, the middle crust is thinner in the west half of this section with around 8 km thick and VP 6.48 km/s, and thicker in the eastern half, with more than 15 km thick and VP 6.28 km/s, and a 15 km thick lower crust with 6.82 km/s getting slightly thinner and faster in the eastern side reaching VP 6.96 km/s. Several broadband stations were used in the central sector of Tocantins Province to study the regional patterns of crustal and upper mantle structure with teleseismic data; receiver functions and surface wave dispersion results confirmed the deep refraction 2D model of a thin crust, less than 37 km thick, and high average crustal VP/VS ratios (1.74-1.76) in the western end of that region occupied by the Neoproterozoic Magmatic Arc, and a 43 km thick crust with low VP/VS ratios (1.71-1.72) was found beneath foreland fold and trust zone of Brasília belt, next to the São Francisco craton. The same kind of experiments are being planned to be executed in the Borborema Province in the North- eastern region of Brazil with very long deep refraction lines and, if possible, a network of interlocking refraction profiles, together with the a network of broadband stations to collect teleseismic data for receiver function and surface wave dispersion studies.

Berrocal, J.; Assumpcao, M.; Fuck, R.; Pereira Soares, J. E.; Perosi, F. A.

2006-05-01

121

Menomonee River Norris Park  

E-print Network

College of Communication 8 Krueger Child Care Center 37 Lalumiere Language 21 Raynor Library 20 Parking Structures 16th Street Parking Structure 55 18th Street Parking Structure 43 Eckstein Hall Parking 7a, 7b Wells

Reid, Scott A.

122

Evaluation of Noise Pollution in Urban Parks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study provides an evaluation of noise pollution in six Urban Parks located in the city of Curitiba, Brazil. Equivalent\\u000a noise levels (L\\u000a eq) were measured in 303 points (each point measured during 3 min) spread throughout the Parks. Measured values were confronted\\u000a with local legislation (Law 10625) allowed limits, and the Parks were thus classified as “acoustically polluted

Paulo Henrique Trombetta Zannin; Andressa Maria Coelho Ferreira; Bani Szeremetta

2006-01-01

123

Staff Parking Crewe Green  

E-print Network

the petrol station and cross Macon Way. Walk down Crewe Green Road past the fire station and the Crewe campus Green Road A534Crewe Railway Station 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 10 1112 13 14 15 16 17 9 18 Manchester Metropolitan Parking Staff Parking Parking Parking Visitor Parking Parking Crewe Green Road A534Crewe Railway Station

124

Park Smart  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Parking Garage Automation System (PGAS) is based on a technology developed by a NASA-sponsored project called Robot sensorSkin(TM). Merritt Systems, Inc., of Orlando, Florida, teamed up with NASA to improve robots working with critical flight hardware at Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The system, containing smart sensor modules and flexible printed circuit board skin, help robots to steer clear of obstacles using a proximity sensing system. Advancements in the sensor designs are being applied to various commercial applications, including the PGAS. The system includes a smartSensor(TM) network installed around and within public parking garages to autonomously guide motorists to open facilities, and once within, to free parking spaces. The sensors use non-invasive reflective-ultrasonic technology for high accuracy, high reliability, and low maintenance. The system is remotely programmable: it can be tuned to site-specific requirements, has variable range capability, and allows remote configuration, monitoring, and diagnostics. The sensors are immune to interference from metallic construction materials, such as rebar and steel beams. Inside the garage, smart routing signs mounted overhead or on poles in front of each row of parking spots guide the motorist precisely to free spaces.

1999-01-01

125

Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in free-living Amazon River dolphins (Inia geoffrensis) from central Amazon, Brazil.  

PubMed

Toxoplasma gondii is an important pathogen in aquatic mammals and its presence in these animals may indicate the water contamination of aquatic environment by oocysts. Serum samples from 95 free-living Amazon River dolphins (Inia geoffrensis) from the Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve (RDSM), Tefé, Amazonas, Central Amazon, Brazil were tested for T. gondii antibodies using the modified agglutination test (MAT). Antibodies (MAT ? 25) to T. gondii were found in 82 (86.3%) dolphins with titers of 1:25 in 24, 1:50 in 56, and 1:500 in 2. Results suggest a high level contamination of the aquatic environment of the home range of these animals. PMID:21764516

Santos, P S; Albuquerque, G R; da Silva, V M F; Martin, A R; Marvulo, M F V; Souza, S L P; Ragozo, A M A; Nascimento, C C; Gennari, S M; Dubey, J P; Silva, J C R

2011-12-29

126

Comparison of Migrants in Two Rural and an Urban Area of Central Brazil.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to compare the migration and adaptation of settlers in urban areas with settlers in rural areas of Brazil. A sample of 1,255 families, divided into an urban group, a near-urban rural group, and a rural group were interviewed. The migration patterns of the groups were discussed and factors related to migration were…

Wilkening, E. A.

127

A GIS-approach for determining permanent riparian protection areas in Mato Grosso, central Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we propose a DEM-based GIS methodology for the identification and delimitation of riparian protection areas according to stream width. In Brazil, vegetation cover in buffer zones is monitored by mid-resolution satellite imagery, so our methodological approach includes procedures to ensure geometrical accuracy for multiple spatial layer overlay. For a study area in Mato Grosso, a sequence of

Peter Zeilhofer; Lunalva Moura Schwenk; Naomi Onga

2011-01-01

128

Migration among individuals with leprosy: a population-based study in central Brazil.  

PubMed

This study investigates social and clinical factors associated with migration among individuals affected by leprosy. A cross-sectional study was conducted among those newly diagnosed with leprosy (2006-2008), in 79 endemic municipalities in the state of Tocantins, Brazil (N = 1,074). In total, 76.2% were born in a municipality different from their current residence. In the five years before diagnosis 16.7% migrated, and 3.6% migrated after leprosy diagnosis. Findings reflect aspects associated with historical rural-urban population movement in Brazil. Indicators of poverty were prominent among before-diagnosis migrants but not after-diagnosis migrants. Migration after diagnosis was associated with prior migration. The association of multibacillary leprosy with migration indicates healthcare access may be an obstacle to early diagnosis among before-diagnosis migrants, which may also be related to the high mobility of this group. PMID:24714939

Murto, Christine; Ariza, Liana; Alencar, Carlos Henrique; Chichava, Olga André; Oliveira, Alexcian Rodrigues; Kaplan, Charles; Silva, Luciana Ferreira Marques da; Heukelbach, Jorg

2014-03-01

129

Formic and acetic acid over the central Amazon region, Brazil 1. Dry season  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have determined the atmospheric concentrations of formic and acetic acid in the gas phase, in aerosols, and in rain during the dry season (July--August 1985) in the Amazonia region of Brazil. At ground level the average concentrations of gas phase formic and acetic acid were 1.6 +- 0.6 and 2.2 +- 1.0 ppb, respectively. The diurnal behavior of both

M. O. Andreae; R. W. Talbot; T. W. Andreae; R. C. Harriss

1988-01-01

130

Exchange Rate Regime, Central Bank Independence, and Political Business Cycles in Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines policy consequences of electoral cycles and exchange rate regime choices in Brazil. The literature on\\u000a opportunistic political business cycles maintains that governments adopt expansionary economic policies before elections to\\u000a mobilize voters’ support. However, research findings in Latin America based on the theory has been inconclusive. I argue that\\u000a the lack of conclusive evidence in Latin America stems

Taeko Hiroi

2009-01-01

131

Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus in the western-central region of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: multiresistant tick.  

PubMed

The aim of the present study was to assess the acaricide resistance of tick populations in the western-central region of Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil), which has not previously been reported. Fifty-four cattle farms were visited and specimens of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus were collected and subjected to the adult immersion test, using nine commercial acaricides in the amidine, pyrethroid and organophosphate groups. Climatic data, including monthly precipitation, were recorded. The results from the present study demonstrated that seven of the acaricides analyzed presented mean efficacy values of less than 95%, with large differences among the products tested. Nine of them exhibited satisfactory and unsatisfactory acaricide results on at least one farm. In conclusion, the farms located in the western-central region of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, exhibited populations of R. (Boophilus) microplus with variable degrees of susceptibility to different acaricides, thus suggesting that resistance to the active compounds exists. It is suggested that treatment protocols should be implemented at the beginning of winter and summer, using the acaricides that showed efficacy in the adult immersion test. PMID:25271453

Machado, Fabrício Amadori; Pivoto, Felipe Lamberti; Ferreira, Maiara Sanitá Tafner; Gregorio, Fabiano de Vargas; Vogel, Fernanda Silveira Flores; Sangioni, Luís Antônio

2014-09-01

132

Molecular and geographic analyses of vampire bat-transmitted cattle rabies in central Brazil  

PubMed Central

Background Vampire bats are important rabies virus vectors, causing critical problems in both the livestock industry and public health sector in Latin America. In order to assess the epidemiological characteristics of vampire bat-transmitted rabies, the authors conducted phylogenetic and geographical analyses using sequence data of a large number of cattle rabies isolates collected from a wide geographical area in Brazil. Methods Partial nucleoprotein genes of rabies viruses isolated from 666 cattle and 18 vampire bats between 1987 and 2006 were sequenced and used for phylogenetic analysis. The genetic variants were plotted on topographical maps of Brazil. Results In this study, 593 samples consisting of 24 genetic variants were analyzed. Regional localization of variants was observed, with the distribution of several variants found to be delimited by mountain ranges which served as geographic boundaries. The geographical distributions of vampire-bat and cattle isolates that were classified as the identical phylogenetic group were found to overlap with high certainty. Most of the samples analyzed in this study were isolated from adjacent areas linked by rivers. Conclusion This study revealed the existence of several dozen regional variants associated with vampire bats in Brazil, with the distribution patterns of these variants found to be affected by mountain ranges and rivers. These results suggest that epidemiological characteristics of vampire bat-related rabies appear to be associated with the topographical and geographical characteristics of areas where cattle are maintained, and the factors affecting vampire bat ecology. PMID:18983685

Kobayashi, Yuki; Sato, Go; Mochizuki, Nobuyuki; Hirano, Shinji; Itou, Takuya; Carvalho, Adolorata AB; Albas, Avelino; Santos, Hamilton P; Ito, Fumio H; Sakai, Takeo

2008-01-01

133

Tomographic imaging of the equatorial and low-latitude ionosphere over central-eastern Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

A four-dimensional time-dependent tomographic algorithm, named Multi Instrument Data Analysis System (MIDAS), is used to image the equatorial and low-latitude ionosphere over the central-eastern sides of the Brazilian territory. From differential phase data obtained by a chain of ground-based GPS receiver the total electron content (TEC) is estimated and then, together with a modeled ionosphere from International Reference Ionosphere (IRI)

M. T. A. H. Muella; E. R. de Paula; C. N. Mitchell; P. M. Kintner; R. R. Paes; I. S. Batista

2011-01-01

134

Motorcycle and Moped Parking Map Moped Parking Only  

E-print Network

parking spaces. Motorcycles and Mopeds may also park in BLUE parking areas, such as the commuter parkingMotorcycle and Moped Parking Map Moped Parking Only Motorcycle and Moped Parking All motorcycles and mopeds are required to have a valid UVa Parking Permit to park in designated motorcycle and/or moped

Acton, Scott

135

Theodore Roosevelt National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service website contains information on: the park history; park activities such as hiking and camping; and natural history such as the wildlife, geology and paleontology of the park. The kids' section contains coloring pages, a park trivia quiz, reference sections on the wildlife and natural history of the park, and information on Theodore Roosevelt and his involvement in the Badlands. There are also images of the wildlife and scenery of the park.

136

RockyMountainParkInn.com 888.465.4329  

E-print Network

-central Colorado sacred. Anthropologists and historians consider Old Man Mountain (on the western end of currentRockyMountainParkInn.com 888.465.4329 Rocky Mountain Park Inn - Directions: From Denver take I-25, Rocky Mountain Park Inn is located on the SW corner, at the intersection of US Hwy. 36 and CO Hwy. 7

Rutledge, Steven

137

Spirocerca lupi granulomatous pneumonia in two free-ranging maned wolves (Chrysocyon brachyurus) from central Brazil.  

PubMed

The current report describes granulomatous pneumonia due to Spirocerca lupi in 2 free-ranging maned wolves (Chrysocyon brachyurus). Both wolves had multiple, white, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, soft, encapsulated granulomas in the caudal lung lobes, which contained centrally placed parasites on cut sections. Microscopically, there was granulomatous inflammation with numerous intralesional sections of spirurid nematodes. Representative complete adult specimens of nematodes derived from these lesions were submitted for parasitological exam and identified as the spirurid S. lupi. To the authors' knowledge, there have been no published reports of S. lupi in maned wolves. PMID:25319031

Blume, Guilherme R; Reis Junior, Janildo L; Gardiner, Chris H; Hoberg, Eric P; Pilitt, Patricia A; Monteiro, Rafael Veríssimo; de Sant'Ana, Fabiano J F

2014-11-01

138

PARKING OFFICER Position Information  

E-print Network

citations in parking lots, structures and the core of campus for vehicles in violation of University parking of applicable procedures and regulations related to parking and traffic control. Knowledge of campus layout and parking facilities and the ability to act and resolve parking and traffic problems. Ability to write

Ponce, V. Miguel

139

ACE Parking Workplace Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is designed for use in a four-session workshop to help new parking garage employees enhance their skills in the following areas: understanding the functions of parking employees, computing parking rates and filling out parking lot reconciliation forms, preparing miscellaneous parking lot forms and developing effective communication and…

Sweetwater Union High School District, Chula Vista, CA.

140

Use and Diversity of Palm (Arecaceae) Resources in Central Western Brazil  

PubMed Central

Arecaceae Schultz-Sch. (Palmae Juss.), a member of the monocotyledon group, is considered one of the oldest extant angiosperm families on Earth. This family is highly valuable because of its species diversity, its occurrence in a wide range of habitats, and its status as an integral part of the culture and the family-based economy of many traditional and nontraditional communities. The main objectives of this study were to perform an ethnobotanical study involving these palms and a “Quilombola” (Maroon) community in the municipality of Cavalcante, GO, Brazil. The variables gender, age, and formal schooling had no influence on the number of species recognized and used by the Kalungas. Ethnobotanical studies based on traditional knowledge in addition to use and management of palms are fundamental aspects for planning and appliance of public policies directed to the use of natural resources and improvement of life quality. PMID:24772040

Martins, Renata Correa; Filgueiras, Tarciso de Sousa

2014-01-01

141

HIV seroprevalence and high-risk sexual behavior among female sex workers in Central Brazil.  

PubMed

Female sex workers (FSWs) are considered a high-risk group for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection due to their social vulnerability and factors associated with their work. We estimated the prevalence of HIV, and identified viral subtypes and risk factors among FSWs. A cross-sectional study using respondent-driven sampling (RDS) method was conducted among 402 FSWs in Campo Grande city, Brazil, from 2009 to 2011. Participants were interviewed using a standardized questionnaire about sociodemograpic characteristics and risk behavior. Blood samples were collected for serological testing of HIV. Of the 402 FSWs, median age and age of initiating sex work were 25 years (Interquartile range [IQR]: 9) and 20 years (IQR: 6), respectively. The majority reported use of alcohol (88.5%), had 5-9 years (median: 9; IQR: 3) of schooling (54.5%), 68.6% had tattoos/body piercings, and 45.1% had more than seven clients per week (median: 7; IQR: 10). Only 32.9% of FSW reported using a condom with nonpaying partners in the last sexual contact. Prevalence of HIV infection was 1.0% (95% CI: 0.1-2.6%). Genotyping for HIV-1 performed on three samples detected subtypes B, C, and F1. Sex work in the Midwestern region of Brazil is characterized by reduced education, large numbers of clients per week, and inconsistent condom use, mainly with nonpaying partners. Although prevalence of HIV infection is currently low, elevated levels of high-risk sexual behavior confirm a need to implement prevention measures. Specific interventions targeting FSWs must emphasize the risk associated with both clients and nonpaying partners while providing knowledge about HIV prevention. PMID:24617659

Fernandes, Fernanda R P; Mousquer, Gina J; Castro, Lisie S; Puga, Marco A; Tanaka, Tayana S O; Rezende, Grazielli R; Pinto, Clarice S; Bandeira, Larissa M; Martins, Regina M B; Francisco, Roberta B L; Teles, Sheila A; Motta-Castro, Ana R C

2014-01-01

142

Park It!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The difference between an architect and an engineer is sometimes confusing because their roles in building design can be similar. Students experience a bit of both professions by following a set of requirements and meeting given constraints as they create a model parking garage. They experience the engineering design process first-hand as they design, build and test their models. They draw a blueprint for their design, select the construction materials and budget their expenditures. They also test their structures for strength and find their maximum loads.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program And Laboratory

143

Larvicidal activity against Aedes aegypti of some plants native to the West-Central region of Brazil.  

PubMed

A total of 42 ethanolic extracts from 30 different plant species, native to the Pantanal and Cerrado of the West-Central region of Brazil, have been evaluated for their larvicidal activity against Aedes aegypti larvae, the vector of dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fevers. Among the extracts tested, that obtained from the trunk bark of Ocotea velloziana was the most active. Using a bioassay-directed fractionation of this extract, the active constituent was isolated and characterized as the aporphine alkaloid (+)-dicentrine. Its structure was established on the basis of (1)H and (13)C NMR spectra, optical rotation and by comparison with an authentic sample. This is the first report on the larvicidal activity against A. aegypti of this alkaloid. Our results suggest that (+)-dicentrine may be considered as a promising natural mosquito larvicidal agent. PMID:19664915

Garcez, Walmir S; Garcez, Fernanda R; da Silva, Lilliam M G E; Hamerski, Lidilhone

2009-12-01

144

Zircon and sphene U-Pb geochronology of Upper Proterozoic volcanic-arc rock units from southwestern Goiás, central Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

U-Pb isotopic measurements were performed on zircon and sphene fractions separated from three different calc-alkaline, arc-type metaplutonic and metavolcanic rock units from southwestern Goiás, central Brazil. An upper intercept age of 899±7 Ma was obtained for the Arenópolis orthogneisses. Metamorphic recrystallization of these rocks occurred at ca. 637 Ma, as revealed by a concordant sphene analysis. Zircons from a meta-rhyolite from a metamorphosed island arc complex in the same area (the Arenópolis volcano-sedimentary sequence), yielded an upper intercept age of 929±8 Ma. Sphenes from the same sample revealed a metamorphic recrystallization age of ca. 594 Ma. A sheared meta-rhyolite from the Jaupaci volcano-sedimentary sequence, exposed ca. 80 km further to the east, is considerably younger, with an upper intercept age of 764±14 Ma. The sphene ages in the Arenópolis rocks are similar to whole-rock Rb-Sr isochrons obtained for strongly sheared meta-rhyolites of the Jaupaci sequence (594±37 Ma) and in the Fazenda Nova area (600±31 Ma). These dates most probably reflect the development of important steep-dipping strike slip shear zones that characterize the metamorphic basement of southwestern Goiás. The protoliths of all three rock units originated in the Upper Proterozoic supracrustal fold belts of Tocantins Province in central Brazil. The zircon U-Pb ages suggest more than one period of arc magmatism in southwestern Goiás between ca. 900 and 700 Ma, preceding the main tectonic/metamorphic event of the Brasiliano Orogeny at ca. 600 Ma.

Pimentel, M. M.; Heaman, L.; Fuck, R. A.

145

New geological and single-zircon Pb evaporation data from the Central Guyana Domain, southeastern Roraima, Brazil: Tectonic implications for the central region of the Guyana Shield  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Metagranitoid rocks, mylonites, leucogneisses and granulites occur in the Central Guyana Domain (CGD) near the UatumÖAnauá Domain (UAD) boundary, southeastern Roraima (Brazil). These rocks are oriented along NE-SW and E-W trends and dip to NW and N, respectively. Single-zircon Pb evaporation results yielded 1724 ± 14 Ma and 1889 ± 3 Ma for a syn-kinematic foliated hornblende-biotite monzogranite and a granodioritic mylonite, respectively. These results point to a new tectonic event (Itã Event) in the area in addition to the 1.94-1.93 Ga (late- to post-Transamazonian) and the 1.35-0.98 Ga (K'Mudku) thermal tectonic events. This new event may be related, at least locally, with the evolution of the Columbia Supercontinent. In addition, the Itã Fault System is younger than 1.89 Ga (granodioritic mylonite age), contrasting with the Barauana high-grade lineament and 1.94 Ga polydeformed rocks, pointing to the needs of a major revision of lithostratigraphic column currently proposed for the CGD as well as the CGD and UAD boundary.

Almeida, Marcelo E.; Macambira, Moacir J. B.; Valente, Sérgio de C.

2008-11-01

146

National Environmental Research Parks  

SciTech Connect

The National Environmental Research Parks are outdoor laboratories that provide opportunities for environmental studies on protected lands that act as buffers around Department of Energy (DOE) facilities. The research parks are used to evaluate the environmental consequences of energy use and development as well as the strategies to mitigate these effects. They are also used to demonstrate possible environmental and land-use options. The seven parks are: Fermilab National Environmental Research Park; Hanford National Environmental Research Park; Idaho National Environmental Research Park; Los Alamos National Environmental Research Park; Nevada National Environmental Research Park; Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park; and Savannah River National Environmental Research Park. This document gives an overview of the events that led to the creation of the research parks. Its main purpose is to summarize key points about each park, including ecological research, geological characteristics, facilities, and available databases.

Not Available

1994-07-01

147

Vulnerability to AIDS among the elderly in an urban center in central Brazil  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: As the world population ages with an improved quality of life and sexual longevity, the prevalence of AIDS is rising among the elderly. The purpose of this study was to estimate the vulnerability to AIDS among individuals attending senior community centers in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. METHOD: This descriptive, exploratory investigation included 329 subjects selected in a probabilistic manner. Individuals with scores on the Mini-Mental State Examination indicating cognitive impairment were excluded from the analyses. Barthel's and Lawton's functional assessment scales were applied. Interviews were conducted to evaluate the presence of cognitive and behavioral factors associated with HIV transmission. RESULTS: Most subjects were non-dependent, fell within the 60- to 69-year age bracket and were female. A majority of individuals reported having knowledge about AIDS and were aware that the elderly are vulnerable to the disease. More than a quarter (26.9%) of the sample reported previous HIV testing. No participants reported drug use, homosexual orientation, or alcohol abuse. A minority of participants reported using medication for erectile dysfunction. Casual and multiple partners accounted for 12% and 34% of reported intercourse experiences, respectively. Condom use was reported by 14% of respondents. CONCLUSION: Unprotected sex was the primary factor accounting for vulnerability to AIDS among the elderly. PMID:22249476

Driemeier, Marta; Maria Oliveira de Andrade, Sônia; Pontes, Elenir Rose Jardim Cury; Mello Miranda Paniago, Anamaria; Venâncio da Cunha, Rivaldo

2012-01-01

148

Formic and acetic acid over the central Amazon region, Brazil 1. Dry season  

SciTech Connect

We have determined the atmospheric concentrations of formic and acetic acid in the gas phase, in aerosols, and in rain during the dry season (July--August 1985) in the Amazonia region of Brazil. At ground level the average concentrations of gas phase formic and acetic acid were 1.6 +- 0.6 and 2.2 +- 1.0 ppb, respectively. The diurnal behavior of both acids at ground level and their vertical distribution in the forest canopy point to the existence of vegetative sources as well as to production by chemical reactions in the atmosphere. Dry deposition of the gaseous acids appears to be a major sink. The concentrations of formic and acetic acid in the gas phase were about 2 orders of magnitude higher than concentrations of the corresponding species in the atmospheric aerosol. About 50--60%/sub 0/ of the aerosol (total) formate and acetate were in the size fraction below 1.0 ..mu..m diameter.

Andreae, M.O.; Talbot, R.W.; Andreae, T.W.; Harriss, R.C.

1988-02-20

149

Triatomine infestation and vector-borne transmission of Chagas disease in northwest and central Parana, Brazil.  

PubMed

Triatomine infestation, prevalence of T. cruzi antibodies in humans and domestic animals, and variables potentially associated with the presence of triatomines in a rural domiciliary unit (DU) were investigated in nine municipalities and one district of Parana, Brazil, from June 1996 to February 2000. DUs were defined as all houses and annexes on a given piece of property. Blood samples from human volunteers, dogs, and cats were submitted to indirect immunofluorescence. An epidemiological form was completed for each DU. A logistic model was adopted in order to identify associations. Seven out of nine municipalities were positive for triatomines. T. infestans was not captured, but T. sordida, P. megistus, and R. neglectus were. Different variables were considered decisive for the presence of triatomines across the municipalities: proximity to residual wooded areas, i.e. either scrub forest (capoeira) or islands of residual forest (slightly dense vegetation), longer time of residence, existence of inhabited houses, and past DU infestation. In order to ensure proper continuation of the recommended Chagas disease control program, entomo-epidemiological surveillance measures need to be maintained. PMID:15486661

Falavigna-Guilherme, Ana Lucia; Santana, Rosângela; Pavanelli, Gilberto Cezar; Lorosa, Elias Seixas; Araújo, Silvana Marques de

2004-01-01

150

Advice & Regulations for parking  

E-print Network

and Display areas and car parks 7, 8a, 13, and 15 Staff permits : Staff may apply for a parking permit space Not park on yellow lines or hatched areas Not park in a disabled bay without a valid disabledAdvice & Regulations for parking 2009-2010 C A M P U S PA RK I N G P L A N PARKING ZONES Pay

Davies, Christopher

151

Agro-pastoral expansion and land use/land cover (LU/LC) change dynamics in Central-western Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Brazil, large-scale land cover changes following extensive deforestations are expected to generate big impacts onto the climate and the environment over this area, with eventually many negative feedbacks on the global scale. Mato Grosso State, located in the central western Brazil, is known to be the Brazilian state with the highest deforestation rate. Land use/land cover (LU/LC) changes have been reported to occur over large areas in this state due to the introduction of large-scale mechanized agriculture, extensive cattle ranching and uncontrolled slash-and-burn cultivation since the 1980s. In this study, we specifically aim at doing more detailed analysis for the causes of deforestation and savannization in this area, with special attention to agriculture and cattle ranching industry at the municipal district level in this state. Using GIS techniques and remotely-sensed NOAA/AVHRR data, we created 5-year Digital Vegetation Model Maps characterizing LU/LC features for every five years during the 1981-2001 periods using the PCA first components of the NOAA/AVHRR multi-spectral data. Our results make it clear that: (1) LU/LC changes among the phases are of the following 3 major types: degradation, recovery or transition; (2) The changes in LU/LC features are concomitant with the advance of cattle ranching and corn production activities toward the northern parts of the state, and with the expansion of soybean production in the central and western Mato Grosso; (3) Most of the agro-pastoral business are found in the southern Mato Grosso where about 46% of the state's deforestation during the 1981-2001 period occurred; (4) Rates of vegetation change are larger over non-inhabited areas (56%), especially in the north, than over the populated zones in the south (42%). Moreover, this work sheds some new light on the patterns of the changes in LU/LC features (deforestation and savannization) for each municipal district of Mato Grosso. In general, the following activities are shown to be the main contributors to the deforestation of tropical rainforests in Mato Grosso: cattle ranches or corn croplands in northwestern, and soybean fields in the central areas. On the other side, savannization due to soybean or corn cultivation is found mainly in the west and the southeast, respectively. It has to be noted that corn production seems to bring forth more savannization impacts than soybean cultivation over this Brazilian state. All these findings highlight the non-sustainable characteristics of resources development processes occurring not only in Mato Grosso State, but also over all the tropical rainforests in the Amazonian Basin subcontinent.

Sanga-Ngoie, K.; Yoshikawa, S.; Kanae, S.

2011-12-01

152

Floristic composition and similarity of 15 hectares in Central Amazon, Brazil.  

PubMed

The Amazon region is one of the most diverse areas in the world. Research on high tropical forest diversity brings up relevant contributions to understand the mechanisms that result and support such diversity. In the present study we describe the species composition and diversity of 15 one-ha plots in the Amazonian terra firme dense forest in Brazil, and compare the floristic similarity of these plots with other nine one-ha plots. The 15 plots studied were randomly selected from permanent plots at the Embrapa Experimental site, Amazonas State in 2005. The diversity was analysed by using species richness and Shannon's index, and by applying the Sorensen's index for similarity and unweighted pair-group average (UPGMA) as clustering method. Mantel test was performed to study whether the differences in species composition between sites could be explained by the geographic distance between them. Overall, we identified 8 771 individuals, 264 species and 51 plant families. Most of the species were concentrated in few families and few had large number of individuals. Families presenting the highest species richness were Fabaceae (Faboideae: 22spp., Mimosoideae: 22spp.), Sapotaceae: 22spp., Lecythidaceae: 15 and Lauraceae: 13. Burseraceae had the largest number of individuals with 11.8% of the total. The ten most abundant species were: Protium hebetatum (1 037 individuals), Eschweilera coriacea (471), Licania oblongifolia (310), Pouteria minima (293), Ocotea cernua (258), Scleronema micranthum (197), Eschweilera collina (176), Licania apelata (172), Naucleopsis caloneura (170) and Psidium araca (152), which represented 36.5% of all individuals. Approximately 49% of species had up to ten individuals and 13% appeared only once in all sampled plots, showing a large occurrence of rare species. Our study area is on a forest presenting a high tree species diversity with Shannon's diversity index of 4.49. The dendrogram showed two groups of plots with low similarity between them (less than 0.25), and the closer the plots were one to another, more similar in species composition (Mantel R = 0.3627, p < 0.01). The 15 plots in our study area share more than 50% of their species composition and represent the group of plots that have the shortest distance between each other. Overall, our results highlight the high local and regional heterogeneity of environments in terra firme forests, and the high occurrence of rare species, which should be considered in management and conservation programs in the Amazon rainforest, in order to maintain its structure on the long run. PMID:22208103

da Silva, Kátia Emidio; Martins, Sebastião Venancio; Ribeiro, Carlos Antonio Alvares Soares; Santos, Nerilson Terra; de Azevedo, Celso Paulo; Matos, Francisca Dionizia de Almeida; do Amaral, Ieda Leão

2011-12-01

153

Campsite impact management: A survey of National Park Service backcountry managers  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Though a central purpose for the creation and management of parks, visitation inevitably affects the natural resources of parks. This is particularly true at campsites, where visitation and its effects are concentrated. This paper presents partial results from a survey of National Park Service managers regarding general strategies and specific actions implemented by park managers to address campsite impact problems.

Marion, J. L.; Stubbs, C.J.

1993-01-01

154

New apatite fission-track data reflecting the landscape evolution using the example of the southeastern passive continental margin in Central Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low-temperature thermochronolgy like AFT yield a well established tool to understand and reconstruct the rift to post-rift evolution of the passive continental margin in Brazil. The aim of the study is to quantify the temperature, exhumation, uplift, and long-term dynamic evolution of the topography of the southeastern passive continental margin in the states of Paraná and Santa Catarina (Central Brazil)

Markus Karl; Ulrich A. Glasmacher; Peter C. Hackspacher; Ana O. B. Franco-Magalhaes

2010-01-01

155

Environmental and geochemical record of human-induced changes in C storage during the last millennium in a temperate wetland (Las Tablas de Daimiel National Park, central Spain)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Las Tablas de Daimiel National Park has experienced many hydrological and ecological modifications through out its history, both of natural as well as anthropogenic origin, which have affected its carbon storage capacity and carbon fluxes. The study of those variations has been carried out by the analysis of its sedimentary record (geochemistry and pollen) and historical data. The natural changes have a wider variation range than the anthropogenic ones, show repetitive patterns and the system reacts readjusting the equilibrium among its components. Anthropogenic effects depend on the direct or indirect impact on the wetlands of change and its intensity. In addition, the anthropogenic impacts have the capacity of breaking the natural balance of the ecosystem and the internal interactions. ?? 2006 The Authors Journal compilation ?? 2006 Blackwell Munksgaard.

Dominguez-Castro, F.; Santisteban, J. I.; Mediavilla, R.; Dean, W. E.; Lopez-Pamo, E.; Gil-Garcia, M. J.; Ruiz-Zapata, M. B.

2006-01-01

156

Smart Parking Management Field Test: A Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) District Parking Demonstration  

E-print Network

information system in a central city shopping area in Japan.system is being installed in parking garages in an Istanbul, Turkey, shoppingshopping malls). A number of cities are also implementing on-street curb PGI systems (

Shaheen, Susan

2005-01-01

157

Smart Parking Management Pilot Project: A Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) District Parking Demonstration  

E-print Network

information system in a central city shopping area in Japan.system is being installed in parking garages in an Istanbul, Turkey, shoppingshopping malls). A number of cities are also implementing on-street curb PGI systems (

Shaheen, Susan; Rodier, Caroline J.; Eaken, Amanda M.

2005-01-01

158

Grand Teton National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service website provides a trip planner, information on natural and cultural history, publications, a park fact sheet for students, park maps, student bibliography, and a newspaper for kids. There is information on the geology, rock formations, mountain building, volcanism, and glaciation of the Teton Range. Educational resources for students and teachers consist of links to other National Park Service sites.

159

Parking Services: 2010 2011  

E-print Network

. There is always competi- tion for parking in the areas closest to campus. If you need to bring your vehicleRegional Map: Parking Services: 2010 ­ 2011 Kent State University Traffic on campus is heavy on campus... Non-visitors must purchase and display a valid parking permit obtained through Parking Services

Khan, Javed I.

160

Parking Fees Thefollowingfeesapplyfortherampgarage  

E-print Network

the visitor parking areas. 30-Day Pass 30-Day Passes are available for those in need. A letter fromParking Fees Thefollowingfeesapplyfortherampgarage and for all visitor lots: 0-30 Minutes Free 31 or misplaced parking tickets. How to pay for parking Takeyour entry ticket withyouwhen entering the hospital

Portman, Douglas

161

Access into Campus & Parking  

E-print Network

to the public: Beck LDC Parking Lots Phased Construction - Select areas open to the public: Joyce Kilmer CampusLSC Lot 105 Phase A Access into Campus & Parking Scarlet Lot RAC Livingston Campus Construction into Parking & Day Care From Road 3 Access to Parking Only No Thru Access to Campus Foot path is available

162

Parking and Transport Policy Page 1 Parking and Transport Policy  

E-print Network

;Parking and Transport Policy Page 2 Pay-As-You-Go parking Parking provided in designated parking areas where a fee is payable based on the use of the parking. These areas are available to staff, studentsParking and Transport Policy Page 1 Parking and Transport Policy Category: Facilities, Campus Life

163

Gymnotocinclus anosteos, a new uniquely-plated genus and species of loricariid catfish (Teleostei: Siluriformes) from the upper rio Tocantins basin, central Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gymnotocinclus anosteos, a new genus and species, is described from a headwater stream of the upper rio Tocantins basin in central Brazil. The new taxon is distinguished from other loricariids by the extreme reduction of dermal plates, having an almost completely naked body. Three other diagnostic features are: the absence of the lateral connecting bone, absence of bifid hemal spines,

Tiago Pinto Carvalho; Roberto E. Reis

2008-01-01

164

EFFECTS OF LAND USE CHANGES ON THE FUNCTIONING OF SOILS AND WATERSHEDS OF CENTRAL BRAZIL SAVANNAS: PHASE 2, IMPACTS ON NUTRIENT AND CARBON CYCLES AND TRACE GAS EXCHANGE  

EPA Science Inventory

This research is funded through an interagency agreement with NASA. The research in this project is contributing to assessments of the effects of land use in central Brazil on: 1) the stocks and cycling rates of carbon and nutrient cycling; 2) the function and structure of soil ...

165

A new interpretation for the interference zone between the southern Brasília belt and the central Ribeira belt, SE Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In southeastern Brazil, the Neoproterozoic NNW-SSE trending southern Brasília belt is apparently truncated by the ENE-WSW central Ribeira belt. Different interpretations in the literature of the transition between these two belts motivated detailed mapping and additional age dating along the contact zone. The result is a new interpretation presented in this paper. The southern Brasília belt resulted from E-W collision between the active margin of the Paranapanema paleocontinent, on the western side, now forming the Socorro-Guaxupé Nappe, with the passive margin of the São Francisco paleocontinent on the eastern side. The collision produced an east vergent nappe stack, the Andrelândia Nappe System, along the suture. At its southern extreme the Brasília belt was thought to be cut off by a shear zone, the "Rio Jaguari mylonites", at the contact with the Embu terrane, pertaining to the Central Ribeira belt. Our detailed mapping revealed that the transition between the Socorro-Guaxupé Nappe (Brasília belt) and the Embu terrane (Ribeira belt) is not a fault but rather a gradational transition that does not strictly coincide with the Rio Jaguari mylonites. A typical Cordilleran type magmatic arc batholith of the Socorro-Guaxupé Nappe with an age of ca. 640 Ma intrudes biotite schists of the Embu terrane and the age of zircon grains from three samples of metasedimentary rocks, one to the south, one to the north and one along the mylonite zone, show a similar pattern of derivation from a Rhyacian source area with rims of 670-600 Ma interpreted as metamorphic overgrowth. We dated by LA-MC-ICPMS laser ablation (U-Pb) zircon grains from a calc-alkaline granite, the Serra do Quebra-Cangalha Batholith, located within the Embu terrane at a distance of about 40 km south of the contact with the Socorro Nappe, yielding an age of 680 ± 13 Ma. This age indicates that the Embu terrane was part of the upper plate (Socorro-Guaxupé Nappe) by this time. Detailed mapping indicates that the mylonite zone is not a plate boundary because motion along it is maximum a few tens of kilometres and the same litho-stratigraphic units are present on either side. Based on these arguments, the new interpretation is that the Embu terrane is the continuation of the Socorro-Guaxupé Nappe and therefore also part of the active margin of the Paranapanema paleocontinent. The Brasília belt is preserved even further within the central Ribeira belt than previously envisaged.

Trouw, Rudolph A. J.; Peternel, Rodrigo; Ribeiro, Andre; Heilbron, Mônica; Vinagre, Rodrigo; Duffles, Patrícia; Trouw, Camilo C.; Fontainha, Marcos; Kussama, Hugo H.

2013-12-01

166

Glacier National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the homepage of Glacier National Park. Users can access materials on the park's ecology and environment (plants and animals, biodiversity and air quality, geology, and fires), the culture and history of the park, park activities, and publications on naturalist activities. There are also video clips of park wildlife and scenery, a photo gallery, and live webcams. Links are provided to additional information, such as research activities on bear DNA and global climate change.

167

Analysis of moisture content, acidity and contamination by yeast and molds in Apis mellifera L. honey from central Brazil.  

PubMed

The development of mold of environmental origin in honey affects its quality and leads to its deterioration, so yeasts and molds counts have been used as an important indicator of hygiene levels during its processing, transportation and storage. The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of yeasts and molds contamination and their correlation with moisture and acidity levels in Apis mellifera L. honey from central Brazil. In 20% of the samples, the yeasts and molds counts exceeded the limit established by legislation for the marketing of honey in the MERCOSUR, while 42.8% and 5.7% presented above-standard acidity and moisture levels, respectively. Although samples showed yeasts and molds counts over 1.0 × 10(2) UFC.g(-1), there was no correlation between moisture content and the number of microorganisms, since, in part of the samples with above-standard counts, the moisture level was below 20%. In some samples the acidity level was higher than that established by legislation, but only one sample presented a yeasts and molds count above the limit established by MERCOSUR, which would suggest the influence of the floral source on this parameter. In general, of the 35 samples analyzed, the quality was considered inadequate in 45.7% of cases. PMID:24516434

Ananias, Karla Rubia; de Melo, Adriane Alexandre Machado; de Moura, Celso José

2013-01-01

168

Geology, petrology and geochronology of the layered mafic-ultramafic intrusions in the Porto Nacional area, central Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Large layered intrusions of the Porto Nacional area include two distinctively different groups. Mafic intrusions located west of the Tocantins River (Group 1) follow a tholeiitic (Fenner-trend) fractionation trend characterized by olivine compositions from moderately primitive (Fo 68) to highly fractionated (Fo 07). Zircon fractions of an olivine gabbronorite from a Group 1 intrusion yield a U-Pb concordia age of 526 ± 5 Ma. Highly variable TDM ages and negative ?Nd(530 Ma) values of samples from this Group 1 intrusion indicate crystallization in ca. 530 Ma from a magma highly contaminated with older crustal rocks. The layered intrusions located east of the Tocantins River (Group 2) have a large proportion of ultramafics (mainly wehrlite) and follow an Opx-free crystallization sequence. The compositional variation of olivine (Fo 85-84) and Cpx (En 49-45) of cumulates from Group 2 intrusions indicates moderately primitive compositions and very limited fractionation. Sm-Nd isotopic data for Group 2 intrusions are highly scattered and do not yield a crystallization age. Highly variable TDM ages and negative ?Nd(530 Ma) values suggest that the parental magmas of Group 2 intrusions were heterogeneously contaminated with old crustal material. These two petrologically distinct groups of layered intrusions open new opportunities for exploration for Ni-PGE deposits in central Brazil.

Lima, Humberto Alcântara Ferreira; Ferreira Filho, Cesar Fonseca; Pimentel, Márcio Martins; Dantas, Elton Luiz; de Araújo, Sylvia Maria

169

[Therapeutic itineraries of transvestites from the central region of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil].  

PubMed

The scope of this paper is to shed light on the therapeutic itineraries of transvestites from Santa Maria in the central region of the state of Rio Grande do Sul in southern Brazil. The study sought to follow the complex trajectories followed by transvestites in their quest for health care. Field research was conducted between January and November 2012 with transvestites from different cities in the state who were living in Santa Maria at the time. It involved qualitative methodology using ethnographic research. The results showed that the interviewees avoid institutionalized health services, opting for other forms of health care. In this respect, it is noteworthy that of the group of 49 transvestites who were included in this study, 48 sought health care in "African religion groups" or "batuque" ("drumming"), as they refer to them. The transvestites stated that they opted for "African religion groups" as they saw them as places that were able to afford forms of care and protection, without questioning bodily changes and sexual orientation. This article may help to shed light on some of the unusual trajectories of transvestites in their quest for health care. PMID:25014306

Souza, Martha Helena Teixeira de; Signorelli, Marcos Claudio; Coviello, Denise Martin; Pereira, Pedro Paulo Gomes

2014-07-01

170

Analysis of moisture content, acidity and contamination by yeast and molds in Apis mellifera L. honey from central Brazil  

PubMed Central

The development of mold of environmental origin in honey affects its quality and leads to its deterioration, so yeasts and molds counts have been used as an important indicator of hygiene levels during its processing, transportation and storage. The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of yeasts and molds contamination and their correlation with moisture and acidity levels in Apis mellifera L. honey from central Brazil. In 20% of the samples, the yeasts and molds counts exceeded the limit established by legislation for the marketing of honey in the MERCOSUR, while 42.8% and 5.7% presented above-standard acidity and moisture levels, respectively. Although samples showed yeasts and molds counts over 1.0 × 102 UFC.g?1, there was no correlation between moisture content and the number of microorganisms, since, in part of the samples with above-standard counts, the moisture level was below 20%. In some samples the acidity level was higher than that established by legislation, but only one sample presented a yeasts and molds count above the limit established by MERCOSUR, which would suggest the influence of the floral source on this parameter. In general, of the 35 samples analyzed, the quality was considered inadequate in 45.7% of cases. PMID:24516434

Ananias, Karla Rubia; de Melo, Adriane Alexandre Machado; de Moura, Celso Jose

2013-01-01

171

Does the Privatization of Publicly Owned Infrastructure Implicate the Public Trust Doctrine? Illinois Central and the Chicago Parking Meter Concession Agreement  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the nineteenth century, legislatures proved “excessively generous” in granting railroad corporations property rights in publicly owned, commercially vital municipal streets and harbors. Jacksonian jurists, suspicious of corporate influence, invoked the public trust doctrine to rescind grants of privilege inconsistent with the public interest. In Illinois Central Railroad Co. v. Illinois, the “lodestar” of the modern doctrine, the Supreme Court

Ivan Kaplan

2012-01-01

172

Urban Parks: Constraints on Park Visitation  

E-print Network

URBAN PARKS: Constraints on Park Visitation E-430 12/06 David Scott* leisure activities are unlikely to participate in such activities or to visit parks. Some constraints are interpersonal in nature. Studies have shown that members of ethnic... understand that they are in competition for people?s free time (Scott). Constraints to Beginning and Continuing Leisure Activities Various constraints may be more or less important depending on whether the goal is to explain why people stop participating...

Scott, David

2006-12-19

173

Park Geology: Tour of National Parks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A great site from the National Park Service, Geologic Resources Division provides information on geologic features of our national parks. The site is aimed at a young audience (K-8), but is a pleasure to browse for anyone. Organizing the site by geologic features (e.g., Hot Springs, Oldest Rocks, and Volcanoes) allows readers to compare the geology of various national parks and explore maps, photos and other related links.

174

Perception of local inhabitants regarding the socioeconomic impact of tourism focused on provisioning wild dolphins in Novo Airão, Central Amazon, Brazil.  

PubMed

Botos (Inia geoffrensis) are currently provisioned for use in tourist attractions in five sites in the Brazilian Amazon. Despite the known negative effects associated with human-wild dolphin interactions, this activity has been regulated and licensed in the Anavilhanas National Park in Novo Airão, Amazonas State, Brazil. We present an updated evaluation of the perception of the local community concerning the possible socioeconomic impacts of this tourism in Novo Airão. In April 2011, 45 interviews were conducted with inhabitants. A small segment of Novo Airão perceives currently itself as being economically dependent on the botos feeding tourism. Despite that, the economic benefits of this controversial activity apparently are not shared among most inhabitants, and botos feeding tourism is perceived as generating diverse negative effects. We conclude that if the activity was banned or modified into a less impacting tourist activity, this action would probably not majorly affect the lives of the general population. PMID:24346803

Alves, Luiz C P S; Zappes, Camilah A; Oliveira, Rafael G; Andriolo, Artur; Azevedo, Alexandre de F

2013-01-01

175

Acadia National Park: Teachers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service website contains information on: saving the habitats of peregrine falcons; the water cycle; becoming a junior ranger; and ranger-led school programs, which contain student field activities about the history, biology and geology of the park. Teacher resources include information on a library for educators at the visitor center of the park and teacher guides for preparing to visit the park. The kids' section explains what rangers do, gives tips on leaving no trace in the park, provides a history of Mount Desert Island, and contains an activity to match some park animals to their habitats.

176

Population dynamics of Aceodromus convolvuli (Acari: Mesostigmata: Blattisociidae) on spontaneous plants associated with Jatropha curcas in central Brazil.  

PubMed

Spontaneously growing plants are commonly considered competitors of cultivated plants. Owing to the lack of specificity of many arthropods, spontaneous plants may be attacked by the same arthropods that attack cultivated plants and they may also harbor natural enemies of organisms harmful to cultivated plants. Aceodromus convolvuli Muma (Blattisociidae) has been reported recently in relatively large numbers in Tocantins state, central Brazil, mostly on Helicteres guazumifolia Kunth (Malvaceae). Very little has been reported about the population dynamics of blattisociid mites under field conditions. The objective of this work was to study the population dynamics of A. convolvuli in Gurupi, Tocantins state, to evaluate its possible interaction with associated mites. Monthly samples were taken from leaves of the 11 most abundant and frequent spontaneous plants in a Jatropha curcas L. (Euphorbiaceae) plantation. About 96.5 % of the specimens of A. convolvuli were collected in the rainy season. The patterns of variation of the population of A. convolvuli and of predators belonging to the family Phytoseiidae were similar, but A. convolvuli was much more numerous than all phytoseiid specimens combined. Highly significant correlations were observed between A. convolvuli densities and relative humidity or diversity of spontaneous plants. When only mites on H. guazumifolia were considered, highly significant correlation was also observed between densities of A. convolvuli and of mites of the family Tetranychidae. The results suggested that A. convolvuli could be a predator of tenuipalpid and/or tetranychid mites. Studies about its biology are needed to determine its preferred food sources and potential as biological control agent. PMID:24943489

Cruz, Wilton P; Sarmento, Renato A; Pedro-Neto, Marçal; Teodoro, Adenir V; Rodrigues, Diego M; de Moraes, Gilberto J

2014-11-01

177

Upper-mantle seismic structure beneath SE and Central Brazil from P- and S-wave regional traveltime tomography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present models for the upper-mantle velocity structure beneath SE and Central Brazil using independent tomographic inversions of P- and S-wave relative arrival-time residuals (including core phases) from teleseismic earthquakes. The events were recorded by a total of 92 stations deployed through different projects, institutions and time periods during the years 1992-2004. Our results show correlations with the main tectonic structures and reveal new anomalies not yet observed in previous works. All interpretations are based on robust anomalies, which appear in the different inversions for P- and S-waves. The resolution is variable through our study volume and has been analyzed through different theoretical test inversions. High-velocity anomalies are observed in the western portion of the São Francisco Craton, supporting the hypothesis that this Craton was part of a major Neoproterozoic plate (San Franciscan Plate). Low-velocity anomalies beneath the Tocantins Province (mainly fold belts between the Amazon and São Francisco Cratons) are interpreted as due to lithospheric thinning, which is consistent with the good correlation between intraplate seismicity and low-velocity anomalies in this region. Our results show that the basement of the Paraná Basin is formed by several blocks, separated by suture zones, according to model of Milani & Ramos. The slab of the Nazca Plate can be observed as a high-velocity anomaly beneath the Paraná Basin, between the depths of 700 and 1200 km. Further, we confirm the low-velocity anomaly in the NE area of the Paraná Basin which has been interpreted by VanDecar et al. as a fossil conduct of the Tristan da Cunha Plume related to the Paraná flood basalt eruptions during the opening of the South Atlantic.

Rocha, Marcelo Peres; Schimmel, Martin; Assumpção, Marcelo

2011-01-01

178

The Caldas Novas dome, central Brazil: structural evolution and implications for the evolution of the Neoproterozoic Bras?´lia belt  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Caldas Novas dome (Goiaás state, central Brazil) lies in the southern segment of the Neoproterozoic Bras?´lia belt (center of the Tocantins Province) between the Goiás magmatic arc and the margin of the ancient São Francisco plate. The core of the dome comprises rocks of the Meso-Neoproterozoic Paranoá group (passive margin psamitic-pelitic sediments and subgreenschist facies) covered by a nappe of the Neoproterozoic Araxá group (backarc basin pelitic-psamitic sediments and volcanics of greenschist facies, bitotite zone). Hot underground waters that emerge along fractures in the Paranoá quartzite and wells in the Araxá schist have made the Caldas Novas dome an international tourist attraction. A recent detailed structural analysis demonstrates that the dome area was affected by a D 1-D 3 Brasiliano cycle progressive deformation in the ˜750-600 Ma interval (published U-Pb and Sm-Nd data). During event D 1, a pervasive layer-parallel foliation developed coeval the regional metamorphism. Event D 2 (intense F 2 isoclinal folding) was responsible for the emplacement of the nappe. D 1 and D 2 record a regime of simple shear (top-to-SE relative regional movement) due to a WNW-ESE subhorizontal compression ( ?1). Event D 3 records a WSW-ENE compression, during which the dome rose as a large-scale F 3 fold, possibly associated with a duplex structure at depth. During the dome's uplift, the layers slid back and down in all directions, giving way to gravity-slide folds and an extensional crenulation cleavage. A set of brittle fractures and quartz veins constitutes the record of a late-stage D 4 event important for understanding the thermal water reservoir.

D'el-Rey Silva, Luiz José Homem; Wolf Klein, Percy Boris; Walde, Detlef Hans-Gert

2004-10-01

179

Carlsbad Caverns National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service (NPS) website contains details about Carlsbad Caverns National Park in New Mexico. It highlights the natural resources of the park, such as the wilderness, wildlife and caves. The geologic history and formation of caves is covered in detail. There is a teacher's guide with activities, field trip ideas, and factsheets about the park. Topics covered include rocks, erosion, speleothems, mapping caves, fossils, plants and animals, cave bats and fire. Links are provided for more information.

180

Parks In Partnership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 50 National Park Service (NPS) sites interpret Native cultures or early Native contact with Europeans. In about 30 of those, American Indians, Alaska Natives, or Native Hawaiians, in partnership with the NPS, present their own heritage and issues. Describes Native-run aspects of Sitka National Historical Park, Glacier National Park, and…

Bowman, Sally-Jo

1998-01-01

181

Parking 2.0  

Microsoft Academic Search

A host of new smart parking technologies are helping municipalities meet their twin aims of collecting revenue for city services and preventing a small number of cars from monopolizing a limited number of parking slots. These advances are also benefiting motorists by making the tasks of finding a space and paying to park less of a hassle. Some examples include

Willie D. Jones

2006-01-01

182

Name That Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this online interactive, learners are introduced to the basic function of Geographic Information System (GIS) maps in relation to national parks. Recognizable park boundaries are presented and learners are given the option to add layers such as lakes, rivers and visitor centers, until the learner is able to identify the park map from a list of choices.

Service, National P.

2013-05-15

183

Timing and role of the Maranhão River Thrust in the evolution of the Neoproterozoic Brasília Belt and Tocantins Province, central Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

A low-angle thrust fault places high-PT granulites (hangingwall) of the Internal Zone of the Neoproterozoic Brasília Belt (Tocantins Province, central Brazil) in contact with a lower-grade footwall (External Zone) comprised of nappes of distal passive margin- and back-arc basin-related supracrustals. The footwall units were emplaced at ?750 Ma onto proximal sedimentary rocks (Paranoá Group) of the São Francisco paleo-continent passive margin.

Luiz J. H. D’el-Rey Silva; Marcos A. R. de Vasconcelos; Dângelo V. G. Silva

2008-01-01

184

Airborne geophysical surveys in the north-central region of Goias (Brazil): implications for radiometric characterization of tropical soils.  

PubMed

Progress obtained in analysis aerogammaspectrometric and aeromagnetic survey data for the north-central region of the state of Goias (Brazil) are presented. The results obtained have allowed not only determination of the abundances of naturally radioactive elements but also new insights into the processes that determine the radiometric characteristics of the main soil types. There are indications that the radioelement abundances of soils are not only related to their physical properties, but also chemical characteristics of source rocks from which they are derived. For example, oxisol soils derived from the felsic source rocks of the Mara Rosa and Green stone belts have equivalent uranium (eU) values higher than 1.7 ppm, while those derived from source rocks of the relatively more basic Uruaçu Group and sediment sequences of Proterozoic age are characterized by eU contents of less than 1 ppm. Oxisol soils of the Median massif, ultisol soils of the Paranoá, Canastra and Araxá Groups, cambisol soils of the Araí Group and plintosol soils of the Bambuí Group constitute an intermediate class with eU contents in the range of 1-1.3 ppm. Equivalent thorium abundances of soil types display similar trends, the range of variation being 4-16 ppm. Potassium abundances on the other hand are rather uniform with values in the range of 1-1.3%, the only exception being the sedimentary sequences of Proterozoic age, which has a mean value of 0.7%. These observations have been considered as indicative of characteristic features of tropical soils in the study area. In this context, we point out the possibility of using results of aerogammaspectrometry surveys as a convenient complementary tool in identifying geochemical zoning of soils in tropical environments. The ratios of eU/K are found to fall in the range of 1-1.7, which is typical of common soils. The ratios of eTh/K exhibit a relatively wide interval, with values in the range of 4-16. The ratios of eTh/eU are found to have values in the range of 2-12. Also, there appears to be a rather reasonable association between the spatial distributions of positive anomalies of the radioelement ratios with the lineaments derived from the vertical derivative of the magnetic field. The map of the analytic signal of the magnetic field also reveals a similar association. Such associations imply that the processes which determine evolutionary trends of soil types are somehow related to the events that control the development of structural features in subsurface layers. PMID:23085188

Guimaraes, Suze Nei P; Hamza, Valiya M; da Silva, Joney Justo

2013-02-01

185

Upper mantle anisotropy in SE and Central Brazil from SKS splitting: Evidence of asthenospheric flow around a cratonic keel  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present results of upper mantle anisotropy derived from measurements of core refracted shear wave splitting (mainly SKS phases) recorded at 48 stations covering the major tectonic provinces in Central and SE Brazil, such as the Tocantins Province (Paraguay-Araguaia and Brasília belts between the Amazon and São Francisco cratons), the Paraná intracratonic basin, the southern part of the São Francisco craton, and the Mantiqueira province (with the coastal Ribeira belt). Although the fast polarization directions vary across the region, consistent orientations are observed over hundreds of kilometers. The fast polarization directions tend to be close to the absolute plate motion given by the hot-spot reference model HS3-NUVEL1A. However, correlations with geological structures are also observed in the southern Brasilia belt and in the Ribeira belt, respectively located SW and S of the São Francisco craton. On the other hand, in the northern Tocantins province, the fast shear-wave direction (˜ N60°S) is oblique to the SW-NE trend of the geological units and faults, and no anisotropy contribution from lithospheric sources can be clearly identified. Overall, the fast polarization directions show a fan-shaped pattern strongly suggesting asthenosperic flow around a thick and stiff keel in the southern part of the São Francisco craton, consistent with the high-velocity anomaly revealed by recent surface-wave tomography. The observed NW-SE directions in the southern part of the Brasília belt may also be interpreted as resulting from asthenospheric flow channeled between the São Francisco craton and a cratonic block beneath the Paraná basin. The largest splitting delays observed in the southern Brasília belt and in the Ribeira belt (up to 2.4 s) suggest contributions from both lithospheric and asthenospheric sources in those two areas. Our preferred model for the anisotropy causing the observed pattern of SKS splitting consists of flow-induced deformation in the asthenosphere caused by the absolute plate motion (roughly towards W or WSW) with flow channeled around a thick cratonic keel. In the southern Brasília and in the Ribeira fold belts, the large delays and the parallelism with geological structures indicate additional anisotropy contribution from lithospheric sources.

Assumpção, Marcelo; Heintz, Maggy; Vauchez, Alain; Silva, Marcos Egydio

2006-10-01

186

Prevalence and risk factors for Hepatitis C and HIV-1 infections among pregnant women in Central Brazil  

PubMed Central

Background Hepatitis C (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections are a major burden to public health worldwide. Routine antenatal HIV-1 screening to prevent maternal-infant transmission is universally recommended. Our objectives were to evaluate the prevalence of and potential risk factors for HCV and HIV infection among pregnant women who attended prenatal care under the coverage of public health in Central Brazil. Methods Screening and counselling for HIV and HCV infections was offered free of charge to all pregnant women attending antenatal clinic (ANC) in the public health system, in Goiania city (~1.1 million inhabitants) during 2004–2005. Initial screening was performed on a dried blood spot collected onto standard filter paper; positive or indeterminate results were confirmed by a second blood sample. HCV infection was defined as a positive or indeterminate sample (EIA test) and confirmed HCV-RNA technique. HIV infection was defined according to standard criteria. Factors associated with HIV and HCV infections were identified with logistic regression. The number needed to screen (NNS) to prevent one case of infant HIV infection was calculated using the Monte Carlo simulation method. Results A total of 28,561 pregnant women were screened for HCV and HIV-1 in ANC. Mean maternal age was 23.9 years (SD = 5.6), with 45% of the women experiencing their first pregnancy. Prevalence of HCV infection was 0.15% (95% CI 0.11%–0.20%), and the risk increased with age (p < 0.01). The prevalence of anti-HIV infection was 0.09% (95% CI 0.06%–0.14%). Black women had a 4.9-fold (95% CI 1.42–16.95) greater risk of HIV-1 infection compared to non-black women. NNS to prevent one case of infant HIV infection ranged from 4,141 to 13,928. Conclusion The prevalence of HIV and HCV infections were low among pregnant women, with high acceptability rates in the opt-in strategy in primary care. Older maternal age was a risk factor for HCV and antenatal HCV testing does not fulfill the requirements for screening recommendation. The finding of higher risk of HIV-1 infection among black women despite being in consonance with the HIV-1 ethnic pattern in some American regions cannot be ruled out to be a surrogate marker of socio-economic condition. PMID:19635135

2009-01-01

187

Prevalence and genetic characterisation of HTLV-1 and 2 dual infections in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in Central-West Brazil  

PubMed Central

Human T-cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV) may impact the clinical course of tuberculosis (TB). Both infections are highly endemic in Brazil. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of HTLV-1/2 in TB patients in Central-West Brazil and to perform a genetic characterisation of the respective isolates. Of the 402 patients, six (1.49%) were positive for anti-HTLV and five (1.24%; 95% confidence interval: 0.46-3.05) were infected with HTLV-1/2. Genetic characterisation demonstrated that the four HTLV-1 isolates belonged to the Transcontinental subgroup A of the Cosmopolitan subtype a and that the HTLV-2 isolate belonged to subtype a (HTLV-2a/c). The prevalence of HTLV infection observed in this study is higher than that observed in local blood donors and the HTLV-1 and 2 subtypes identified are consistent with those circulating in Brazil. PMID:24141955

Kozlowski, Aline Garcia; Carneiro, Megmar Aparecida dos Santos; de Matos, Marcia Alves Dias; Teles, Sheila Araujo; Araujo, Joao Alves; Otsuki, Koko; Vicente, Ana Carolina Paulo; Martins, Regina Maria Bringel

2013-01-01

188

PARKiNG iNfoRmAtioN CAMPUS PARkING LOTS and ARRANGEMENTS ______________________________________  

E-print Network

. All other areas except Visitor spaces require that the appropriate parking permit be obtained observe the same traffic rules as 4-wheel vehicles. There are special cycle parking areas in each parking26 PARKiNG iNfoRmAtioN CAMPUS PARkING LOTS and ARRANGEMENTS

Hemmers, Oliver

189

Guadalupe Mountains National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service website offers information on: planning a visit to the park; natural resources such as the geology, wildlife, plants, and wildland fires of the park; cultural history including that of the Mescalero Apaches and the Buffalo Soldiers; and park management issues. A description of the Permian geology of the park includes the rock exposures (composed of reef, back-reef, fore-reef, and basin sediments) which form the ancient fossil reef known as the Capitan Reef of the ancient Delaware Sea.

190

Capitol Reef National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service (NPS) website provides an in-depth look at Capitol Reef National Park in Utah. Specifically, this covers the geology and natural resources of the park. There is a general overview of the geology of this area including the Waterpocket fold, Colorado Plateau, Cathedral Valley and erosion. There is a description of various rock colors and how they form, as well as a detailed stratigraphic column illustrating the names, thicknesses, and ancient environments of rocks and formations that exist in the park. The Natural Resources section discusses some of the history and archeology of the park, as well as birds, mammals, plants, reptiles and environmental problems.

191

Great Basin National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service site describes the biology of Great Basin's plants and animals; geology and ecology of the Lehman Caves; air quality of the park; and past human activities in the Great Basin such as farming, ranching, and gold mining. There is a list of historical, geological, and archeological dates important to the park and an instructor guide containing activities such as creating a nature notebook and adopting a tree. There is also information on: planning a visit to the park and the Lehman Caves, park projects such as weeding out non-native plants and the reintroduction of Bonneville Cutthroat Trout, and a self-guided geology field trip.

192

Human–marmoset interactions in a city park  

Microsoft Academic Search

Urban wildlife, frequently, comes into contact with human city dwellers and these interactions can be viewed positively or negatively by people. In the city of Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais, Brazil) many city parks have groups of black-tufted marmosets (Callithrix penicillata), which interact with park visitors. In this study we observed 205 separate groups of people interacting with marmosets (using the

Giovana C. Leite; Marina H. L. Duarte; Robert J. Young

2011-01-01

193

National Association for Olmsted Parks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 1980, the National Association for Olmsted Parks (NAOP) is a coalition of various design and preservation professionals concerned with the legacy of landscape work left by noted landscape designer Frederick Law Olmsted Sr. and his colleagues. On their website, visitors can learn about Olmsted's primary works via a master list of design projects by his firm and some profiles of some of his most prominent work, including Central Park and the landscape at the Biltmore Estate. Scholars will want to look through the "Research" area for resources that include a set of suggested links and an extensive bibliography. Visitors will also want to look at the "News and Publications" area for more details about the NAOP's work and their newsletter.

194

The National Park Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the homepage of the National Park Service. It features links to subpages on special topics such as Parks and Recreation, which inludes links to individual national park pages, and History and Culture, which includes archeological, anthropological, and historical material. The Nature and Science pages feature classroom materials and information on the uses of science in protecting and restoring park ecosystems and research projects which are being conducted in the park system. The Interpretation and Education pages include games, online activities, and material for younger students who are researching park topics, as well as classroom materials for teachers. There are also links to the Park Service online bookshop, news articles, and special features.

195

Chicago Park District  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Chicago Park District is one of the largest municipal park systems in the United States, containing over 8,100 acres of green space. All told, the District has 580 parks, including two city conservatories, a number of historic lagoons, and the iconic Clarence Buckingham Memorial Fountain. This website allows visitors the opportunity to learn about the District's mission, history, and long-range planning for existing parks and potential new sites. On the homepage, visitors can use the Find a Park feature to learn about these diverse spaces. Additionally, they can use the I Want To area to learn about park permits, volunteering, and reporting problems within the park system. The Events area is quite a find, as visitors can learn about some of the hundreds of events sponsored each year by the District. Finally, visitors can also use the Doing Business area to learn about the various entrepreneurial activities which are possible via the District.

2013-01-01

196

Theme Park Insider  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As summer enters full swing, more and more people will travel to America's numerous amusement parks and traveling carnivals. Quite a few of these people would do well to take a look at the Theme Park Insider website for reviews of various parks and the best (and worst) attractions at each particular place of amusement before they venture onto the open road. Edited by Robert Niles, the site contains reviews of new amusement park rides, an "Accident Watch" (which documents the latest accidents at each park), and reviews of theme park hotels as well. The site also has a number of discussion boards for visitors to chime in with their own take on a number of topics, such as which rides have the longest rides and general amusement park lore.

Niles, Robert.

197

VISITOR PARKING Pay station parking meters are available around  

E-print Network

The City of Golden has implemented a permit policy in the residential areas surrounding campus. ParkingVISITOR PARKING Pay station parking meters are available around campus for visitors and other temporary parking needs. Daily scratch-off permits are available in advance from Parking Services. LOT METER

198

Serra da Cangalha, Tocantins, Brazil: Insights to the Structure of a Complex Impact Crater with an Overturned Central Uplift  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Results of a field study are presented. The 5.8-km central uplift shows sign of gravitational instability that resulted from the target's rheological stratification with clays in the center. Preexisting joint systems controlled crater modification.

Kenkmann, T.; Vasconcelos, M.; Crósta, A. P.; Reimold, W. U.

2010-03-01

199

Underground "B" Parking To Sorrento Valley  

E-print Network

PUMP ? ? Underground "B" Parking To Sorrento Valley Coaster Station EMERGENCY Eleanor Roosevelt College College Administration Central Utilities Plant York Hall Mayer Hall Bonner Hall Peterson Hall Chemistry Medicine East Molecular Genetics Building 2 Building 1 Building 4 Kalmia Laurel Magnolia Atkinson Hall Ivy

Wang, Deli

200

Parks, Recreation and Public Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews what current research says about the holistic health benefits of park and recreation services, focusing on: health benefits according to park users; physical activities in parks; stress reduction benefits of park use; social support, self-determination, and stress reduction; observing nature in parks and associated benefits; and the…

Ho, Ching-Hua; Payne, Laura; Orsega-Smith, Elizabeth; Godbey, Geoffrey

2003-01-01

201

Chloride flux out of Yellowstone National Park  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Monitoring of the chloride concentration, electrical conductivity, and discharge was carried out for the four major rivers of Yellowstone National Park from September 1982 to January 1984. Chloride flux out of the Park was determined from the measured values of chloride concentration and discharge. The annual chloride flux from the Park was 5.86 ?? 1010 g. Of this amount 45% was from the Madison River drainage basin, 32% from the Yellowstone River basin, 12% from the Snake River basin, and 11% from the Falls River basin. Of the annual chloride flux from the Yellowstone River drainage basin 36% was attributed to the Yellowstone Lake drainage basin. The geothermal contribution to the chloride flux was determined by subtracting the chloride contribution from rock weathering and atmospheric precipitation and is 94% of the total chloride flux. Calculations of the geothermal chloride flux for each river are given and the implications of an additional chloride flux out of the western Park boundary discussed. An anomalous increase in chloride flux out of the Park was observed for several weeks prior to the Mt. Borah earthquake in Central Idaho on October 28, 1983, reaching a peak value shortly thereafter. It is suggested that the rise in flux was a precursor of the earthquake. The information in this paper provides baseline data against which future changes in the hydrothermal systems can be measured. It also provides measurements related to the thermal contributions from the different drainage basins of the Park. ?? 1985.

Norton, D.R.; Friedman, I.

1985-01-01

202

UCSF Mount Zion Vicinity Parking Public Parking Lots  

E-print Network

UCSF Mount Zion Vicinity Parking Public Parking Lots UCSF Valet Services Valet: 1600 Divisadero St Entrance on Scott between Sutter & Bush AMPCO System Parking 2186 Geary Blvd (415) 567-4656 Japantown

Walter, Peter

203

What the United States can learn from Brazil in response to HIV/AIDS: international reputation and strategic centralization in a context of health policy devolution.  

PubMed

Contrary to what many may expect, this article argues that Brazil did a better job than the USA when it came to responding to HIV/AIDS. Because of the Brazilian government's concern about its international reputation and the partnerships it has forged with international donors and civil society, the government has been committed to strengthening decentralization processes by introducing both formal and informal re-centralization measures that strengthen health policy devolution, while effectively targeting the biggest at-risk groups. The US, in contrast, has not achieved these objectives, due to its lack of interest in increasing its international reputation and its focus on bi-lateral aid rather than investing in domestic policy. The paper closes by explaining the lessons that Brazil can teach the US and other large federations seeking to ensure that decentralization and prevention policy work more effectively. PMID:20884619

Gómez, Eduardo J

2010-11-01

204

Land use effects on water quality in the urban agglomeration of Cuiabá and Várzea Grande, Mato Grosso State, central Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the relationship between spatial patterns of water quality and land occupation in the cities of Cuiabá and Várzea Grande, Mato Grosso state, Brazil, applying Geographic Information System (GIS) techniques and Polynomial Redundancy Analysis. The results show a strong relationship between water quality and population density, urbanization rate and regionalized low water runoff. Higher treatment rates improve oxygenation

Peter Zeilhofer; Eliana Beatriz Nunes Rondon Lima; Gilson Alberto Rosa Lima

2010-01-01

205

GIS and ordination techniques for evaluation of environmental impacts in informal settlements: A case study from Cuiabá, central Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluates the environmental impacts caused by informal occupation in the city of Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brazil. In 10 selected districts, an assessment of 35 environmental indicators was conducted, evaluating secondary data as well as field survey results, air photo interpretation and geographical information system (GIS) analysis. A matrix approach was then applied to quantify the magnitude and relevance

Peter Zeilhofer; Valdinir Piazza Topanotti

2008-01-01

206

SOIL EMISSIONS OF CO2 AND CO IN TROPICAL SAVANNAS OF CENTRAL BRAZIL UNDER DIFFERENT FIRE REGIMES  

EPA Science Inventory

The Cerrado is a tropical savanna in which herbaceous vegetation (mainly C4 grasses) coexists with trees and shrubs. It covers more than two million square kilometers and accounts for 22% of the total area of Brazil. In general, cerrado soils are old, deep, well drained, well s...

207

2010 TRANSPORTATION & PARKING SERVICES ACCOMPLISHMENTS  

E-print Network

­ Transportation & Parking Services Calendar Year 2010 1 AREA FOCUS ACCOMPLISHMENT Quality Best Practice TAPS the campus to remove unauthorized postings from parking lots, campus streets and immediate surrounding areas2010 TRANSPORTATION & PARKING SERVICES ACCOMPLISHMENTS #12;2010 ACCOMPLISHMENTS TRANSPORTATION

Mills, Allen P.

208

Downtown-parking policy analysis  

SciTech Connect

This article outlines a framework for recognizing city parking policy alternatives and evaluating their effectiveness or desirability for solving parking problems. The techniques are useful for making parking policy decisions. 6 references, 1 table.

Kuner, R.

1983-10-01

209

Soil microbial activities in tree-based cropping systems and natural forests of the Central Amazon, Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little information is available about the factors controlling soil C and N transformations in natural tropical forests and tree-based cropping systems. The aim of this work was to study the effects of single trees on soil microbiological activities from plantations of timber and non-timber species as well as species of primary and secondary forests in the Central Amazon. Soil samples

Oleg V. Menyailo; Johannes Lehmann; Manoel da Silva Cravo; Wolfgang Zech

2003-01-01

210

Splendor In The Parks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Civilization is more and more intruding on the esthetic and recreational resources of the National Park System. Increased attention must be paid to controlling noise, pollution, and even the effects of urban lighting which detract from the enjoyment of the parks. (RE)

Smith, Anthony Wayne

1979-01-01

211

Roswell Park Cancer Institute  

Cancer.gov

Roswell Park Cancer Institute (RPCI) was the first cancer center in the United States when it was founded in 1898 by Dr. Roswell Park. In 1974, RPCI received its NCI designation as a comprehensive cancer center. RPCI also serves as a member of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

212

NEW WESTMINSTER PARK & RIDE  

E-print Network

PATTERSON JOYCE 29th AVE NANAIMO SCOTT ROAD GATEWAY COLUMBIA BROADWAY MAIN STREET KOOTENAY LOOP PNE PARK TRANSIT EXCHANGE PORT MOODY COQUITLAM REC CENTRE LOUGHEED PARK & RIDE SCOTT RD 104 AVE 108 AVE OLD YALE TH ERMAL DRIVE HERITA GE MOUNT AINBOULEVA R D BARNET I IOCO ROAD UNITED BOULEVARD NORTHROADNORTHROAD

Haunerland, Norbert H.

213

Mammoth Cave National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The homepage of Mammoth Cave National Park provides visitors with information on tour schedules, surface activities, lodging and camping, and tips on touring caves. Teachers can access an extensive selection of curricular materials, fact sheets and activities for kids, a glossary, and links to other educational programs and sites. Other materials include maps and publications, an image gallery, and links to the park's newsletter.

214

Defunct Amusement Parks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While there are many sites on existing amusement parks, this particular Web site contains detailed information on "pleasure palaces" that have gone out of business or that have since been demolished. Created and maintained by Joel Styer, the site features an interactive map of the United States that allows visitors to click on any one of the states to find out information about now-defunct amusement parks. Many of the former parks have additional material available for viewing, such as photographs, postcards, and brief essays and personal remembrances. Also, there is an extensive links page, which directs visitors to other sites dealing with different aspects of amusement park memorabilia such as popular rides from the past and newsgroups. The site also has different contact information for persons seeking to donate materials and recollections related to amusement parks.

1995-01-01

215

Florida State Parks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The modern Florida State Parks system was created in 1935, and their programs include parks all the way from the St. Augustine area to the Keys. Their homepage brings together cultural, historical, and scientific materials related to the various sites in the state system. The website includes information on each park, along with interactive features on African American sites in the state and notable battlegrounds. Along the top of the page, visitors can use sections such as "Find a Park" and "Stay the Night" to plan their journey through the state. Each park entry also contains information about the site's history, along with detailed information about ranger programs, special music events, and so on. Finally, visitors can stay in touch via Twitter and other social media.

216

Molecular detection of Mayaro virus during a dengue outbreak in the state of Mato Grosso, Central-West Brazil  

PubMed Central

Mayaro virus (MAYV) is frequently reported in Pan-Amazonia. The aim of this study was to investigate the circulation of alphaviruses during a dengue outbreak in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Serum samples from dengue-suspected patients were subjected to multiplex semi-nested reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction for 11 flaviviruses and five alphaviruses, to nucleotide sequencing and to viral isolation. MAYV was detected in 15 (2.5%) of 604 patients. Twelve were co-infected with dengue virus 4, which was isolated from 10 patients. The molecular detection of MAYV in dengue-suspected patients suggests that other arboviruses may be silently circulating during dengue outbreaks in Brazil. PMID:25141284

Zuchi, Nayara; Heinen, Letícia Borges da Silva; dos Santos, Marcelo Adriano Mendes; Pereira, Fernanda Carla; Slhessarenko, Renata Dezengrini

2014-01-01

217

Epidemiology of hepatitis B virus infection in first-time blood donors in the southwestern region of Goi?s, central Brazil  

PubMed Central

Introduction Little is known about the epidemiology of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in populations from inner cities, especially in Central Brazil. Thus the objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of HBV infection, and to analyze the factors associated with HBV infection, in a population of first-time blood donors in the southwestern region of Goiás, Central Brazil. Methods A total of 984 individuals were interviewed and gave blood samples to detect serological markers of HBV (HBsAg, anti-HBs, and anti-HBc) by enzyme linked immunosorbent assays. Results An overall prevalence of 6.9% was found for HBV, with constituent prevalence rates of 3.6% and 11.6%, in subjects classified as fit and unfit to donate blood according the epidemiological screening, respectively. Only three individuals were positive for anti-HBs alone, suggesting previous vaccination against HBV. The variables of prior blood transfusion (OR = 2.3), tattoo/piercing (OR = 2.1), illicit drug use (OR = 2.3), sex with a partner with hepatitis (OR = 14.7), and history of sexually transmitted diseases (OR = 2.9) were independently associated with HBV-positivity. These data suggested a low endemicity of hepatitis B in the studied population. Conclusion The findings of low hepatitis B immunization coverage and the association of hepatitis B with risky behavior highlight that there is a need to intensify hepatitis B prevention programs in the southwest region of Goiás. PMID:23284242

dos Anjos, Giulena Rosa Leite Cardoso; Martins, Regina Maria Bringel; Carneiro, Megmar Aparecida dos Santos; Brunini, Sandra Maria; Teles, Sheila Araujo

2011-01-01

218

Differences between two climatological periods (2001-2010 vs. 1971-2000) and trend analysis of temperature and precipitation in Central Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the framework of the IWAS/Água-DF project, this study focuses on changes in mean surface air temperature and accumulated precipitation in Central Brazil over the past 40 years. It has two main objectives: (1) comparison between two climatological periods (2001-2010 and 1971-2000) and (2) trend analysis of climate variables. Time series of meteorological and rain gauge stations from Central Brazil have been organized in a databank, which contains tools for homogeneity tests. From that, 4 temperature and 55 precipitation time series were sufficient homogeneous, while 1 temperature and 5 precipitation time series were identified as inhomogeneous. Reliable spatial distribution was produced using proper interpolation method. Trends and significance levels were calculated by Rapp's estimator of slope and Mann-Kendall test, respectively. The most important results of the comparisons and trend analysis in the last four decades are: (1) marked increase in annual and seasonal mean surface air temperature, (2) evident decreases of accumulated rainfall in winter and autumn, and (3) apparent increase of precipitation amounts in the rainy season.

Borges, Pablo de Amorim; Franke, Johannes; do Santos Silva, Fabrício Daniel; Weiss, Holger; Bernhofer, Christian

2014-04-01

219

Chewing lice (Insecta, Phthiraptera) and feather mites (Acari, Astigmata) associated with birds of the Cerrado in Central Brazil.  

PubMed

The association of chewing lice and feather mites with wild birds of riparian forest was investigated in the Cerrado biome, Tocantins State, Brazil. The birds were captured with mist nets between July 2008 and March 2009. Ectoparasites were collected by the dust-ruffling technique. Infestation rates were determined by the sampling prevalence, abundance, and mean intensity of ectoparasites. A total of 1,479 chewing lice were collected that were distributed in 3 families and 18 genera, of which 15 taxa were identified to the species level. Sixteen genera of feather mites were found, and 10 species were identified. A high prevalence rate of chewing lice and feather mites was found in non-Passeriformes (66.7 and 50.0%) and Passeriformes (57.8 and 75.6%) birds. New host-parasite associations were registered for two species of chewing lice and for four species of feather mites, thus expanding the geographical distribution in Brazil of six chewing lice species. This is the first study of the ectoparasites of wild birds to be conducted in this region of Brazil. PMID:22773045

Enout, Alexandre Magno Junqueira; Lobato, Débora Nogueira Campos; Diniz, Francisco Carvalho; Antonini, Yasmine

2012-10-01

220

Landscape dynamics of Amazonian deforestation between 1984 and 2002 in central Rondônia, Brazil: assessment and future scenarios  

Microsoft Academic Search

Central Rondônia is one of the most deforested regions in the Brazilian Amazon and contains areas at different stages of degradation forming a gradient from mature forest to highly urbanized and built-up areas. Regional data from satellite imagery are available from the 1980s, but apart from studies that quantify deforestation, the broad-scale landscape dynamics of Rondônia have not been examined

Silvio Frosini de Barros Ferraz; Carlos Alberto Vettorazzi; David M. Theobald; Maria Victoria Ramos Ballester

2005-01-01

221

UVA Parking and Transportation Student Parking Application Form  

E-print Network

areas at the same time unless full fees have been paid for each vehicle. Please notify ParkingUVA Parking and Transportation Student Parking Application Form Please Print Clearly: Primary other than yourself, a parent, or spouse. Only one vehicle per family or carpool may park in permit

Acton, Scott

222

Geology Fieldnotes: Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve, Alaska  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This park and preserve extends nearly 200 miles from east to west, including some 8.1 million acres in the central Brooks Range in north central Alaska. Included on the website are details about park geology, flora and fauna, climate, and taiga forest, as well as photographs, visitor information, and selected links.

223

Stag Hill Campus Manor Park,  

E-print Network

R Chancellors SU Mole 23 W Bourne 22 Black Water 21 Wey 27 Thames 24 Wandle 26Tilling Bourne 25 (Securitypermissionrequired) Laundrette Lakeside Restaurant Lakeside Coffee Shop Railway N Vehicle route to Manor Park Legend.ac.uk/about/visitors/travel Parking with a permit Between 7.30am and 5pm, Monday to Friday, parking in all car parks other than

Jones, Peter JS

224

Vehicle Operation and Parking Policy  

E-print Network

.3 Students are not authorized to park in reserved/restricted parking areas during regular business hours. 3Vehicle Operation and Parking Policy Responsible Administrative Unit: Finance & Administration ordinances and State of Colorado traffic laws on driveways and streets located on CSM property. Parking

225

PARKING PERMITS Conditions of Issue  

E-print Network

of a Temporary Notice Parking in unauthorised areas including but not limited to: a. Yellowed lined roads b. Hatched areas c. Reserved parking areas (temporary or permanent) d. No parking zones e. Disabled bays Park (No.1) / Sports Centre and Wales National Pool pay and display. i. Any other area which is likely

Martin, Ralph R.

226

Vehicle Operation and Parking Policy  

E-print Network

.3 Students are not authorized to park in reserved/restricted parking areas during regular business hours. 3Vehicle Operation and Parking Policy Responsible Administrative Unit: Finance & Administration of Colorado traffic laws on driveways and streets located on CSM property. Parking Services employees possess

227

Hepatitis B virus markers among teenagers in the Araguaia region, Central Brazil: assessment of prevalence and vaccination coverage.  

PubMed

The Brazilian hepatitis B (HBV) vaccination program for neonates was implemented in 1998 and broadened to include young people up to 20 years of age in 2001. However, HBV coverage of teenagers has not been systematically assessed in Brazil. A cross-sectional study was performed to estimate the magnitude of HBV infection and vaccine coverage among adolescent students regularly enrolled in the public schools of Barra do Garças, a city located in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. A representative sample was randomly obtained and participants were interviewed and had blood samples collected to test for HBV markers. The sample was composed of 576 subjects, 51% of which were females. The average age was 15, with the group ranging from 12 to 20 years of age. There were 29 anti-HBc reactive participants (5.0%). Four out of 29 were HBsAg positive (0.7%). Anti-HBs alone (vaccinated profile) showed in 323 (56.1%) students and 224 (38.9%) were negative for all HBV markers. Increasing age was associated with HBV exposure in a ?(2) for trend analysis (p=0.004). The prevalence of anti-HBs alone decreased as the subjects' age increased. Multivariate analysis showed independent association between HBV infection and the start of sexual activity. Another associated variable was the fact that the some students were enrolled in two low-income neighborhood schools. Our findings classify this area as low endemic for HBV and suggest that there is a progressive decrease in the spread of HBV in the region due to the introduction of universal vaccination of neonates. Approximately half of the adolescents 15 years or older were not immunized, which raises a concern in terms of the need to increase the vaccination rate for this segment of the population. PMID:21605613

Melo, Laura Valdiane Luz; da Silva, Marcondes Alves Barbosa; Calçada, Cristiane de Oliveira Rodrigues; Cavalcante, Silvia Raquel Brandão; Souto, Francisco José Dutra

2011-07-18

228

Pacific Historic Parks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Designed to support and fund educational materials and interpretive programs for four National Parks throughout the Pacific (including the Kalaupapa National Historical Park), the Pacific Historic Parks organization has a visually enticing website. On the homepage, visitors will find information about their work in four sections, including "Education" and "Locations". First-time visitors may want to start by looking over the "Locations" area. Here they will find information about each park, complete with a Google Map interface that will let them learn more about each site. In the "Education" area, visitors can download a copy of their educational brochure and also take a look at several of their booklets for educators. Moving on, the "Audio Tour" area contains a copy of the accompanying brochure for an audio tour narrated by actor Jamie Lee Curtis.

229

Student Accommodation Liberty Park  

E-print Network

office � 24-hour Security/ CCTV / Access entry system � Non smoking building #12;Carlton Hill Carlton storage facilities � Car Park permit system in operation � Garden area � CCTV cameras fitted

Stell, John

230

High School Parking Lots.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the reorganization of the site of Ben Davis High School in Wayne Township, Indiana as an example of improvements to school parking lot design and vehicle/pedestrian traffic flow and security. Includes design drawings. (EV)

Neff, Thomas G.

2002-01-01

231

Jurassic Park Safety Audit  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Using the first 30 minutes of the film Jurassic Park, the student will audit it for violations of safety rules and regulations, OSHA violations, and violations of HASP's. Access to the activity required free and quick registration with ATEEC.

2007-09-18

232

The National Park Service: Park Geology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A National Park Service (NPS) site primarily composed of three main sections corresponding to the following program areas within the Geologic Resources Division (GRD): Disturbed Lands Restoration and Abandoned Mineral Lands (AML), Mineral Management Programs, and Geology and Soils Programs. Of these, the first two consist principally of textual resources pertaining to Park System procedures, policies, and regulations - as well as reports on example restoration projects with a focus on stream corridor restoration, bioengineering, riparian management, and revegetation. Perhaps of most interest to educators will be the third main program area, the Geology and Soils Programs section. Here are included textual resources pertaining to NPS-GRD programs on cave and karst formations, coastal and shoreline geology, paleontology, soils (e.g., soil biology and soil surveying), geological indicators (geoindicators), and stratigraphy. Lastly, a searchable photographic collection and geologic glossary are available.

233

The tadpole of Amazophrynella manaos Rojas, Carvalho, Gordo, Ávila, Farias and Hrbek, 2014 (Anura, Bufonidae) from the type locality and adjacent regions at Central Amazonia, Brazil.  

PubMed

The genus Amazophrynella, as currently recognized (Fouquet et al. 2012a, b), is represented by four nominal species (Frost 2014; Rojas et al. 2014) but the tadpoles of only one species, Amazophrynella minuta (Melin) from Ecuador, have been described (Duellman & Lynch 1969; Duellman 1978). Amazophrynella manaos Rojas, Carvalho, Gordo, Ávila, Farias and Hrbek, 2014 occurs in the leaf litter of terra firme forest in the southwestern part of the Brazilian Guiana region (Rojas et al. 2014). The tadpole of this species was briefly described in diagrammatic drawings by Hero (1990) as Dendrophryniscus minutus. Herein, we provide a detailed description of this tadpole based on individuals at 12 stages of development collected in five different sites, including the type locality, at Central Amazonia, Brazil.  PMID:24990056

Menin, Marcelo; Pegorini, Reysi Jhayne; De Carvalho, Vinicius Tadeu; Rojas, Rommel Roberto; Gordo, Marcelo

2014-01-01

234

Geology Fieldnotes: Great Basin National Park, Nevada  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Great Basin National Park site contains park geology information, park maps, visitor information, and teacher features (educational resources and links for teaching geology using National Park examples). The park geology section discusses the region's biogeography, glacial history, and the Lehman Caves. A park map and a features/relief map of the Great Basin National Park are included.

235

Effects of cold fronts on MODIS-derived sensible and latent heat fluxes in Itumbiara reservoir (Central Brazil)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work we investigate the cold front passage effects on sensible and latent heat flux in a tropical hydroelectric reservoir. The study area, Itumbiara reservoir (Goiás State/Brazil) at the beginning of the austral winter, is characterized by the presence of a weak thermal stratification and the passage of several cold fronts from higher latitudes of South America. Sensible and latent heat fluxes were estimated considering the atmospheric boundary layer stability. In situ and MODIS water surface temperature data were used to adjust the coefficients for momentum and heat exchanges between water and atmosphere and spatialize the sensible and latent heat fluxes. The results showed that during a cold front event the sensible heat flux can be up to five times greater than the flux observed before. The latent heat flux tends to decrease during the cold front but increase again after the passage. The highest values of heat loss were observed at littoral zone and some Reservoir's embayment. The heat loss intensification can be separated in two moments: first, during the cold front passage, when the wind speed increases and the air temperature decreases; second, after the cold front passage, with air humidity decreasing. This can be considered a key process to understanding the heat loss in the Itumbiara reservoir.

Curtarelli, Marcelo; Alcântara, Enner; Rennó, Camilo; Stech, José

2013-11-01

236

Descriptive ecology of bat flies (Diptera: Hippoboscoidea) associated with vampire bats (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) in the cerrado of Central Brazil.  

PubMed

We studied the ectoparasitic bat flies of three phyllostomid vampire bat species. Bats were collected monthly from April 2004-March 2005 in caves within the Cafuringa Environmental Protection Area in the Federal District of Brazil. A total of 1,259 specimens from six species in the Streblidae family were collected from 332 bats. High host affinity from the sampled bat fly species and high prevalence of bat flies confirms the primary fly-host associations (Strebla wiedemanni, Trichobius parasiticus and Trichobius furmani with Desmodus, Trichobius diaemi and Strebla diaemi with Diaemus and T. furmani with Diphylla). Male flies outnumbered females in several associations. Some of the observed associations (e.g., Strebla mirabilis with Desmodus and S. mirabilis, Trichobius uniformis and S. wiedemanni with Diphylla) were inconclusive and the causes of the associations were unclear. There are several explanations for these associations, including (i) accidental contamination during sampling, (ii) simultaneous capture of several host species in the same net or (iii) genuine, but rare, ecological associations. Although various species of vampire bats share roosts, have similar feeding habits and are close phylogenetic relatives, they generally do not share ectoparasitic streblid bat flies. T. diaemi and S. diaemi associations with Diaemus youngi have not been previously reported in this region. PMID:21537676

Aguiar, Ludmilla Moura de Souza; Antonini, Yasmine

2011-03-01

237

Environmental implications of jatropha biofuel from a silvi-pastoral production system in central-west Brazil.  

PubMed

We present a life cycle assessment of synthetic paraffinic kerosene produced from Jatropha curcas. The feedstock is grown in an intercropping arrangement with pasture grasses so that Jatropha is coproduced with cattle. Additional innovations are introduced including hybrid seeds, detoxification of jatropha seedcake, and cogeneration. Two fuel pathways are examined including a newly developed catalytic decarboxylation process. Sensitivities are examined including higher planting density at the expense of cattle production as well as 50% lower yields. Intercropping with pasture and detoxifying seedcake yield coproducts that are expected to relieve pressure on Brazil's forests and indirectly reduce environmental impacts of biofuel production. Other innovations also reduce impacts. Results of the baseline assessment indicate that innovations would reduce impacts relative to the fossil fuel reference scenario in most categories including 62-75% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, 64-82% reduction in release of ozone depleting chemicals, 33-52% reduction in smog-forming pollutants, 6-25% reduction in acidification, and 60-72% reduction in use of nonrenewable energy. System expansion, which explicitly accounts for avoided deforestation, results in larger improvements. Results are robust across allocation methodologies, improve with higher planting density, and persist if yield is reduced by half. PMID:23713609

Bailis, Rob; Kavlak, Goksin

2013-07-16

238

Anomalous delays of teleseismic P waves in Yellowstone National Park  

USGS Publications Warehouse

TELESEISMIC P waves recorded by a short-period seismic network, comprising 12 stations, in Yellowstone National Park, show anomalous delays of 1-2 s in their travel times in the central region of the park relative to the surrounding area. To explain this phenomenon, I propose that a substantial body of low velocity material is present beneath the park, with horizontal dimensions of several tens of kilometres; it may be the magma chamber associated with the volcanism of Yellowstone (ref. 1, and G. P. Eaton et al., unpublished). ?? 1975 Nature Publishing Group.

Iyer, H. M.

1975-01-01

239

Park Geology: Tour of Basin and Range Parks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides links to tours of individual National Parks within the Basin and Range region. Where appropriate for each park, links are provided to park geology, maps, photographs, geologic research, related links, visitor information, multimedia resources, and teacher features. Some of the parks have an expanded geology page that features the geologic time, history, plate tectonics, rocks and minerals, and a virtual field trip of the park. Of particular note is the teacher feature section, which provides educational resources and links for teaching geology with National Park examples.

240

STANFORD UNIVERSITY TRAFFIC AND PARKING CODE  

E-print Network

Section 3.2 Parking Areas - Designation................................................ 10 Section 3.5 Parking Areas ­ Use Thereof.................................................................... 11 Section 3.6 Parking Areas- Pedestrian Zone (PZ

Straight, Aaron

241

FACING NORTHEAST OF NORTHERN BOUNDARY OF PARK Candler Park ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

FACING NORTHEAST OF NORTHERN BOUNDARY OF PARK - Candler Park Historic District, Roughly bounded by Moreland, Dekalb, McLendon & Harold Avenues, Matthews Street & Clifton Terrace, Atlanta, Fulton County, GA

242

FACING NORTHWEST TOWARD NORTHERN END OF PARK Candler Park ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

FACING NORTHWEST TOWARD NORTHERN END OF PARK - Candler Park Historic District, Roughly bounded by Moreland, Dekalb, McLendon & Harold Avenues, Matthews Street & Clifton Terrace, Atlanta, Fulton County, GA

243

View from Fort Tryon Park of Fort Washington Park, Hudson ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View from Fort Tryon Park of Fort Washington Park, Hudson River, and Palisades Interstate Park, looking northeast. Dyckman Street viaduct, marina and playing fields are faintly visible below. - Henry Hudson Parkway, Extending 11.2 miles from West 72nd Street to Bronx-Westchester border, New York, New York County, NY

244

NASA Research Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A massive addition to the NASA Ames Research Park is detailed on this site. Although the project is not scheduled to be completed until 2015, it has been in the planning stages for several years and 2003 marks the beginning of Phase 1. The 98-page NASA Ames Development Plan is available for public viewing online. The new facilities will be designed to accommodate research in "information technology, nanotechnology, biotechnology, and astrobiology." Several other news articles and formal documents about the project can be downloaded as well. The design, construction, and staffing of the new research park will reportedly generate 7,000 high-tech jobs.

2000-01-01

245

32 CFR 636.14 - Parking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...handicapped parking spaces and parking on a yellow curb among others. (b) Reserved parking spaces in areas under the control...these spaces. (c) Parking spaces for tactical vehicles...Exchange/Commissary area will be...

2012-07-01

246

32 CFR 636.14 - Parking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...handicapped parking spaces and parking on a yellow curb among others. (b) Reserved parking spaces in areas under the control...these spaces. (c) Parking spaces for tactical vehicles...Exchange/Commissary area will be...

2013-07-01

247

32 CFR 636.14 - Parking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...handicapped parking spaces and parking on a yellow curb among others. (b) Reserved parking spaces in areas under the control...these spaces. (c) Parking spaces for tactical vehicles...Exchange/Commissary area will be...

2011-07-01

248

32 CFR 636.14 - Parking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...handicapped parking spaces and parking on a yellow curb among others. (b) Reserved parking spaces in areas under the control...these spaces. (c) Parking spaces for tactical vehicles...Exchange/Commissary area will be...

2010-07-01

249

{00029558 / ver 1 } 1 Parking Regulations  

E-print Network

received from any other source is not considered a valid defense of parking violations. All vehicles parked: There is no overnight parking allowed in A or Z lots without prior approval from Parking Services. Vehicles left

250

Carbon Park Environmental Impact Assessment  

E-print Network

of offsetting the University's carbon footprint, promoting biodiversity and establishing easily maintained Carbon Park Environmental Impact Assessment A B.E.S.T. Project By, Adam Bond 2011 #12; Bishop's University Carbon Park

251

Careers in Parks and Recreation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As reported in the document, the park and recreation profession, a growing field, emphasizes involving people in meaningful leisure activities. This service profession offers varied career opportunities in the areas of public recreation, park management, conservation and outdoor recreation, and park and resource planning. Positions are also…

Oregon Univ., Eugene. Center of Leisure Studies.

252

Traffic and Parking Financial Statements  

E-print Network

that the financial position of Traffic & Parking is healthy. The University's management, which oversees Traffic. In the University's planning process for Traffic & Parking issues, management put into place the appropriateTraffic and Parking Financial Statements June 30, 2008 #12;FLORIDA ATLANTIC UNIVERSITY TRAFFIC

Fernandez, Eduardo

253

Dry Tortugas National Park, Florida  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service (NPS) publication discusses Dry Tortugas National Park in Florida. This system consists of 7 small islands off the coast of Key West. The site discusses the history of this area, as well as the marine setting of the park.

254

Key to symbols Permit Parking  

E-print Network

Gottingen St. Legal Aid Services G100 Fenwick Place 5599 Fenwick St. Student residence, University Health AKey to symbols P PD i Permit Parking Metered Parking Parking for people with Disabilities Emergency for people with disabilities Emergency "Code Blue" Phone B120 B120B120 B120 E280E280 E200 C382C382 C640 D640

Keselj, Vlado

255

Transforming Parks and Protected Areas  

E-print Network

Transforming Parks and Protected Areas Policy and governance in a changing world Edited by Kevin S, and D. Scott Siocombe. p. em. 1. Protected areas - Management. 2. Parks - Mangement. 3. Protected areas areas Lisa M. Campbell, Noella J. Gray; and Zoe A. Meletis In many countries, parks and protected areas

Bolch, Tobias

256

Key to symbols Permit Parking  

E-print Network

Key to symbols P PD Permit Parking Metered Parking Parking for people with Disabilities Emergency are labelled both by name and letter (which appears in brackets in the listings where appropriate). J500 M.M. O Sexton House (E) J250 Chemical Engineering (F) J280 G.H. Murray Building (G) J301-02 Ralph M. Medjuck

Beaumont, Christopher

257

Astronomy in the National Parks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

American national parks are fertile grounds for astronomy and planetary science outreach. They are some of the last remaining dark-sky sites the typical visitor (both U.S. and international) can still experience easily. An internal National Park Service (NPS) study shows a dark starry sky is an integral part of what visitors consider their park experience. As a result, the NPS Night Sky Team (a coordinated group of park rangers and astronomers) is measuring and monitoring the sky brightness over the parks in an attempt to promote within the park service protection of the night sky as a natural resource. A number of parks (e.g. Grand Canyon National Park) are currently expanding their night sky related visitor programs in order to take advantage of this resource and visitor interest. The national parks and their visitors are therefore an ideal audience fully "primed” to learn about aspects of astronomy or planetary science that can be, in any way, associated with the night sky. As one of the astronomers on the NPS Night Sky Team, I have been working with park service personnel on ways to target park visitors for astronomical outreach. The purpose of this outreach is twofold: 1) Strengthen popular investment in preserving dark skies, 2) Strengthen popular investment in current astronomical research. A number of avenues already being used to introduce astronomy outreach into the parks (beyond the simple "star party") will be presented.

Nordgren, Tyler E.

2009-01-01

258

Geology Fieldnotes: Catoctin Mountain Park, Maryland  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains Catoctin Mountain Park information, a park map, and visitor information. A general cultural history of the park is given, from the first human inhabitants to its development into a park. Also mentioned are recreational attractions and Cunningham Falls State Park, located next to Catoctin. This park lies in the Appalachian Mountain chain.

259

Parks or Prisons?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a simulation activity in which students assume the role of grizzly bears in Banff National Park. Concepts such as species diversity, fitness, natural selection, habitat loss, extinction, and population dynamics are discussed. Children learn how human activities can affect the bear's reproductive success. Lists materials, instructional…

Thomson, Gareth

1998-01-01

260

visitor parking rice village  

E-print Network

. mandellst. 6 7 8 9 10 11121314 17 18 19 1516 bus stop G 1 C B AG 2 3 4 5 26 24 intramural field 1 (rugby field) intramural fields 2 and 3 intramural field 6 intramural field 7 intramural field 5 practice field 22 76 21 5042 39 11 81 jake hess tennis stadium morningside track/soccer stadium reckling park

Alvarez, Pedro J.

261

The Clover Park Story  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an aviation trades training program offered by the Clover Park schools in Washington which exposes students to all facets of the aviation industry from record keeping to air traffic control in addition to the specific skill of piloting the aircraft. (BR)

Norris, Don

1974-01-01

262

GOLER HOUSE/ WHIPPLE PARK  

E-print Network

permits will not be allowed in the Goler House lot with the exception of the short-term spaces. Short-term spaces will be "30 minutes with flasher" parking ONLY for unloading pur- poses. Violators will be subject know your pick-up location when you call. Please be aware that shuttle response times may vary

Mahon, Bradford Z.

263

Exploring Jurassic Park.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes several student-tested activities built around "Jurassic Park." The activities feature students engaged in role-playing scenarios, investigative research projects, journal writing and communications skills activities, cooperative learning groups, and learning experiences that make use of reading skills and mathematical knowledge. (PR)

Simmons, Patricia E.; Wiley, Clyde

1993-01-01

264

PARK(ing) Day 2011: Parking spaces around the globe to be temporarily reclaimed for people  

E-print Network

-based art and design studio, PARK(ing) Day challenges people to rethink the way streets are used's Matthew Passmore. "The planning strategies that generated these conditions are not sustainable, nor do

Saskatchewan, University of

265

Yellowstone National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Yellowstone National Park was established on March 1, 1872, as the first national park in the world. The overwhelming and unique beauty found in this natural wonder is truly difficult to describe.This Topic In Depth begin with the excellent National Park Service's (1) official Yellowstone Web Site, which contains the park's history, virtual field trips, park information, visitor guides, web cams, kids pages, and more. The next site offered by EarthTalk Studios is called Yellowstone Geographic. This extensive and graphically reliant site contains superb interactive activities related to the park and comes close to its goal of being "the best Yellowstone Web Site on the planet." The third site from UnMuseum.org called Weird Geology: Geysers explores the workings of Yellowstone's famous geysers with descriptions, photographs, illustrations, and a movie of an eruption. The next site from Exploratorium is a learning activity called Geyser: Cyclic Hot Water Fountain. With the help of their teacher, students build a working model of a geyser from common chemical equipment. From the University of Michigan, Meg Streepey's Geysers and the Earth's Plumbing Systems Web Site describes (for more advanced students) how geysers work, including how to analyze their thermal and hydrologic regimes. Another research site, from the University of Utah's College of Mines and Earth Sciences, is the GPS Surveys of the Yellowstone Hotspot and the Wasatch Fault, Utah. Objectives of the study are "to measure and understand the spatial and temporal variations of the crustal deformation produced by the interaction between lithospheric plate motion and the asthenospheric hotspot." The last two sites are from the USGS, the first of which is the Yellowstone River Basin National Water-Quality Assessment Program site. It contains a project description, available data, and other relevant information. The last site, Yellowstone Volcano Observatory, is a facility that is designed for observing volcanic and earthquake activity in the park. This site also contains a project description, volcanic data, maps, descriptions of volcanic rock, a frequently asked questions link, and more.

Brieske, Joel A.

2002-01-01

266

Diet, reproduction and population structure of the introduced Amazonian fish Cichla piquiti (Perciformes: Cichlidae) in the Cachoeira Dourada reservoir (Paranaíba River, central Brazil).  

PubMed

The Blue Peacock Bass (Cichla piquiti), native to the Tocantins-Araguaia river basin of the Amazon system, was introduced into the basin of the Paranaíba River, Paraná River system. Cachoeira Dourada reservoir is one of a series of dams on the Paranaíba River in central Brazil, where this fish has become established. A study of its feeding spectrum, combined with information about its reproductive characteristics and population structure, would enable the current state of this species in the reservoir to be assessed and might provide useful data for the management of other species native to this habitat. This study showed that the peacock bass has no predators or natural competitors in the reservoir and that reproduces continuously, with high reproductive rates, and has a smaller median length at first maturity (L50) than other species of Cichla. Its successful establishment in habitats strongly affected by human activity should cause changes in the whole structure of the local fish communities. Nonetheless, in this reservoir, there appears to be some sharing of the functions of this species with native carnivorous fish, a situation that may be sustained by the presence of a wide variety of foraging fish. PMID:21717855

Luiz, Tatiane Ferraz; Velludo, Marcela Roquetti; Peret, Alberto Carvalho; Rodrigues Filho, Jorge Luiz; Peret, André Moldenhauer

2011-06-01

267

Coeval perpendicular shortenings in the Brasília belt: Collision of irregular plate margins leading to oroclinal bending in the Neoproterozoic of central Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The three belts which form the Tocantins province (central Brazil) records Neoproterozoic-EoPaleozoic collisions involving the Amazon and São Francisco paleocontinents and the Paraná continental block. The Brasília belt is a typical orocline bended around the WNW-ESE striking Pirineus Zone of High Strain (PZHS) and is comprised of the NE-trending (northern) and SE-trending (southern) segments. The Brasília dome is an N-S elliptical structural window situated in the center of the belt, at the eastern end of the PZHS. It evidences D 1-D 2 and D 3N shortenings (˜750-590 Ma) due to ocean closure and Amazon-São Francisco collision following a WNW-ESE path, and demonstrates similar evolution for both segments of the belt. However, in the southern segment, D 1-D 2 structures are deformed by shortening in the SW-NE direction (D 3S). New data demonstrating D 1-D 2 and D 3N tectonites deformed by D 3S structures in the area close to the dome's SW margin and SE of the PZHS support understanding the Brasília belt and oroclinal bending as a consequence of the collision of two (Amazon and São Francisco) irregular continental margins leading to separation-rotation of the Paraná block from the Amazon paleocontinent and the Paraná-São Francisco collision.

D'el-Rey Silva, Luiz J. H.; de Oliveira, Ítalo L.; Pohren, Camila B.; Tanizaki, Maria Luiza N.; Carneiro, Rodolfo C.; Fernandes, Gabriel L. de F.; Aragão, Priscila E.

2011-07-01

268

USGS: Geology in the Parks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Geological Survey Geology in the Parks Web site is a cooperative project of the USGS Western Earth Surface Processes Team and the National Park Service. This extensive site covers geologic maps, plate tectonics, rocks and minerals, geologic time, US geologic provinces, park geology of the Mojave, Sunset Crater, Lake Mead, North Cascades, Death Valley, Yosemite National Park, and much more. Descriptions, graphics, photographs, and animations all contribute to this informative and interesting Web site making it a one stop, all encompassing, resource for everything geology and US national park related.

269

Mars parking orbit selection  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

For a Mars mission, the selection of a parking orbit is greatly influenced by the precession caused by the oblateness of the planet. This affects the departure condition for earth return, and therefore, the mass required in LEO for a Mars mission. In this investigation, minimum LEO mass penalties were observed for parking orbits characterized by having near-equatorial inclinations, high eccentricities, and requiring a three-dimensional departure burn. However, because near-equatorial inclination orbits have poor planetary coverage characteristics, they are not desirable from a science viewpoint. To enhance these science requirements along with landing-site accessibility, a penalty in initial LEO mass is required. This study shows that this initial LEO mass penalty is reduced for orbits characterized with low to moderate eccentricities, nonequatorial inclinations, and a tangential periapsis arrival and departure burn.

Desai, Prasun N.; Braun, Robert D.

1990-01-01

270

Lincoln Park Architectural Photographs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Lincoln Park neighborhood in Chicago is home to a number of architectural landmarks, including 19th century mansions with bold mansard roofs, a former seminary on the grounds of DePaul University, and other delights. In 2000, DePaul sociologist Wanda Harold set out to photograph a number of these unique structures. This digital collection includes 200 of her images, and this project was made possible in part through a grant from the Library Services and Technology Act. First-time visitors can get started by using a clickable map of Lincoln Park to explore the photos, and they can also browse around by architect or street. Visitors shouldn't miss the photos of the workers' cottages at 1756 N. Clybourn and 2715 N. Kenmore Avenue. Overall, the site is a nice resource for students of Chicago architecture and urban geography.

Harold, Wanda

2012-01-13

271

The relationship between normal and strike-slip faults in Valley of Fire State Park, Nevada, and its implications for stress rotation and partitioning of deformation in the east-central Basin and Range  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study expands on our earlier studies of the evolution of fracturing and faulting in the Jurassic aeolian Aztec Sandstone exposed over a large area in the Valley of Fire State Park, southeastern Nevada. Based on a nearly three-dimensional data set collected from 200-m-high cliff-face exposures with stair-case morphology composed of steep and flat parts, we find that a series of inclined, relatively low-angle normal faults and their splay fractures are precursors of the strike-slip fault network that we previously documented. We discuss the significance of this finding in terms of the tectonics of the broader area, stress rotation, partitioning of deformation, and the development of fracture clusters with compartmentalization of the structures as a function of spatial, depositional and deformational domains.

Aydin, Atilla; de Joussineau, Ghislain

2014-06-01

272

Seismic studies of the Brasília fold belt at the western border of the São Francisco Craton, Central Brazil, using receiver function, surface-wave dispersion and teleseismic tomography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Tocantins Province in Central Brazil is composed of a series of SSW-NNE trending terranes of mainly Proterozoic ages, which stabilized in the Neoproterozoic in the final collision between the Amazon and São Francisco cratons. No previous information on crustal seismic properties was available for this region. Several broadband stations were used to study the regional patterns of crustal and upper mantle structure, extending the results of a recent E-W seismic refraction profile. Receiver functions and surface wave dispersion showed a thin crust (33-37 km) in the Neoproterozoic Magmatic Arc terrane. High average crustal Vp/Vs ratios (1.74-1.76) were consistently observed in this unit. The foreland domain of the Brasília foldbelt, on the other hand, is characterized by thicker crust (42-43 km). Low Vp/Vs ratios (1.70-1.72) were observed in the low-grade foreland fold and thrust zone of the Brasília belt adjacent to the São Francisco craton. Teleseismic P-wave tomography shows that the lithospheric upper mantle has lower velocities beneath the Magmatic Arc and Goiás Massif compared with the foreland zone of the belt and São Francisco craton. The variations in crustal thickness and upper mantle velocities observed with the broadband stations correlate well with the measurements along the seismic refraction profile. The integration of all seismic observations and gravity data indicates a strong lithospheric contrast between the Goiás Massif and the foreland domain of the Brasília belt, whereas little variation was found across the foldbelt/craton surface boundary. These results support the hypothesis that the Brasília foreland domain and the São Francisco craton were part of a larger São Francisco-Congo continental plate in the final collision with the Amazon plate.

Assumpção, Marcelo; An, Meijian; Bianchi, Marcelo; França, George S. L.; Rocha, Marcelo; Barbosa, José Roberto; Berrocal, Jesús

2004-09-01

273

Diagenesis of Paleozoic playa-lake and ephemeral-stream deposits from the Pimenta Bueno Formation, Siluro-Devonian (?) of the Parecis Basin, central Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Parecis Basin is a large intracratonic rift located in central Brazil and filled with Paleozoic carbonate, evaporite and siliciclastic sediments. The occurrence of gas seeps has recently attracted significant exploration interest by the Brazilian petroleum agency and by Petrobras. The continuously cored PB-01-RO well provided the first opportunity to study the depositional environments, diagenetic evolution and hydrocarbon potential of the largely unknown sedimentary successions of the Parecis Basin. The cored lithologies, belonging to the Siluro-Devonian (?) Pimenta Bueno Formation, are interpreted as deposited in playa-lake and ephemeral-stream environments. The deposits display a strong facies control on the diagenetic mineral assemblages and evolution. Diagenetic minerals in the ephemeral-stream deposits include eogenetic hematite and smectitic clay coats and quartz cement, and the mesogenetic process includes precipitation of sulfates (anhydrite and barite) and carbonates (calcite, dolomite and kutnahorite-ankerite-huntite), followed by partial dissolution of these carbonates and sulfates, and of feldspar grains. Telogenetic processes include the precipitation of hematite and kaolinite within secondary pores, and the replacement of anhydrite by gypsum. A second burial phase and mesodiagenesis is indicated by the precipitation of discrete K-feldspar crystals within moldic pores after dissolved feldspars, and by the illitization of etched, telogenetic kaolinite. The playa-lake deposits show early diagenetic dolomitization of lime mud, precipitation of anhydrite nodules and extensive silicification. The anhydrite nodules were replaced by gypsum and chalcedony during telodiagenesis. Potential source rocks are locally represented by organic shales. The fluvial sandstones show fair reservoir quality and limited compaction, as indicated by their intergranular volume, suggesting that the succession has undergone moderate burial. Potential seals for hydrocarbon accumulations are provided by the evaporites and playa-lake mudstones. The presence of an active petroleum system in the basin, as indicated by the gas seeps, suggests a good hydrocarbon exploration potential for the Parecis Basin, gas and stresses the importance of studying the depositional and diagenetic evolution of its sedimentary successions.

Goldberg, K.; Morad, S.; Al-Aasm, I. S.; De Ros, L. F.

2011-07-01

274

Identity and relationships of the Arboreal Caatinga among other floristic units of seasonally dry tropical forests (SDTFs) of north-eastern and Central Brazil  

PubMed Central

The tree species composition of seasonally dry tropical forests (SDTF) in north-eastern and central Brazil is analyzed to address the following hypotheses: (1) variations in species composition are related to both environment (climate and substrate) and spatial proximity; (2) SDTF floristic units may be recognized based on peculiar composition and environment; and (3) the Arboreal Caatinga, a deciduous forest occurring along the hinterland borders of the Caatinga Domain, is one of these units and its flora is more strongly related to the caatinga vegetation than to outlying forests. The study region is framed by the Brazilian coastline, 50th meridian west and 21st parallel south, including the Caatinga Domain and extensions into the Atlantic Forest and Cerrado Domains. Multivariate and geostatistic analyses were performed on a database containing 16,226 occurrence records of 1332 tree species in 187 georeferenced SDTF areas and respective environmental variables. Tree species composition varied significantly with both environmental variables and spatial proximity. Eight SDTF floristic units were recognized in the region, including the Arboreal Caatinga. In terms of species composition, its tree flora showed a stronger link with that of the Cerrado Dry Forest Enclaves. On the other hand, in terms of species frequency across sample areas, the links were stronger with two other units: Rock Outcrops Caatinga and Agreste and Brejo Dry Forests. There is a role for niche-based control of tree species composition across the SDTFs of the region determined primarily by the availability of ground water across time and secondarily by the amount of soil mineral nutrients. Spatial proximity also contributes significantly to the floristic cohesion of SDTF units suggesting a highly dispersal-limited tree flora. These units should be given the status of eco-regions to help driving the conservation policy regarding the protection of their biodiversity. PMID:22423333

Santos, Rubens M; Oliveira-Filho, Ary T; Eisenlohr, Pedro V; Queiroz, Luciano P; Cardoso, Domingos B O S; Rodal, Maria J N

2012-01-01

275

Numerical Simulations of the Hydrothermal System at Lassen Volcanic National Park  

SciTech Connect

The hydrothermal system in the vicinity of Lassen Volcanic National Park contains a central region of fluid upflow in which steam and liquid phases separate, with steam rising through a parasitic vapor-dominated zone and liquid flowing laterally toward areas of hot spring discharge south of the Park. A simplified numerical model was used to simulate the 10,000-20,000 year evolution of this system and to show that under certain circumstances fluid withdrawal from hot-water reservoirs south of the Park could significantly alter the discharge of steam from thermal areas within the Park.

Sorey, Michael L.; Ingebritsen, Steven E.

1983-12-15

276

41 CFR 102-74.270 - Are vehicles required to display parking permits in parking facilities?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...required to display parking permits in parking facilities? When the use of parking space is controlled as in § 102-74...authorized to use designated visitor or service areas must display a parking permit. This requirement may be...

2013-07-01

277

41 CFR 102-74.270 - Are vehicles required to display parking permits in parking facilities?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...required to display parking permits in parking facilities? When the use of parking space is controlled as in § 102-74...authorized to use designated visitor or service areas must display a parking permit. This requirement may be...

2012-01-01

278

Class of Comprehensive Optimization of Congested Road-Use Pricing and Parking Pricing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Congested road-use pricing and parking pricing are two solutions to traffic congestions. Supposing congested road-use fee toll-gates and P&R (Park and Ride) systems are built at the vehicle passageways on the boundary of city central areas, when the private car travelers who want to enter city central area arrive at the vehicle passageways by car, they have two trip modes

Feng SHI; Yan CHEN; Hengxin LI; Lianbo DENG

2009-01-01

279

Geology of the National Parks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource provides information about United States Geological Survey (USGS) resources and activities associated with National Parks. Users can choose from a selection of links that access items on park geology, virtual trips, research projects, and general topics such as plate tectonics, rocks and minerals, shorelines, glaciers, and many more. Links to geologic information for individual parks are arranged by alphabet, by state, or by geologic province.

280

Geology of Badlands National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page is an introduction to the 75 million years of accumulation and intermittent periods of erosion that has resulted in the Badlands National Park. The history of the Oglicene beds of the Park, one of the world's richest vertebrate fossil sites, is also described. A downloadable PDF that describes the erosion that is responsible for the geology of the Park in more detail is linked to the site.

National Park Service (NPS)

281

National Parks WebQuest  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web-based activity challenges students to use a variety of internet resources to learn about several dimensions of national parks. Each student's research assignment focuses on one component of a park, such as its history, biology, geology, or tourist appeal. Students must keep track of important points and their references. Once research is complete, students come together and teach each other about their specific research domain, culminating in a holistic understanding of the park features.

Phillip, Mrs.; Explorer, Knowledge N.

282

Parking Services Rules and Regulations  

E-print Network

Parking Spaces 10 4.4 Lots/Areas Reserved for Events 10 4.5 Service Spaces 10 4.6 Loading/Unloading Zones.10 Encroachment 11 4.11 No Parking Area and Improper Uses 11 4.12 Prohibited Uses of Facilities 12 4.13 Abandoned as to ensure the proper and effective use and control of the available parking areas and facilities

Moore, Paul A.

283

Canyonlands National Park, UT, USA  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Desert and mountain scenery along the Utah/Colorado border are displayed in this scene of the Canyonlands National Park, UT (39.0N, 110.0W). The Park occuppies the near center of the image, displaying spectacular incised meanders and the bulls-eye structure of Upheaval Dome (a salt dome). The Green River and the Colorado River flow southward to join off scene before flowing through the Grand Canyon National Park.

1992-01-01

284

Canyonlands National Park, UT, USA  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Desert and mountain scenery along the Utah/Colorado border are displayed in this scene of the Canyonlands National Park, UT (39.0N, 110.0W). The park occupies the near center of the image, displaying spectacular incised meanders and the bulls-eye structure of Upheaval Dome (a salt dome). The Green River and the Colorado River flow southward to join (off scene) before flowing through the Grand Canyon National Park.

1973-01-01

285

Parking Options 2011/12 Reserved Permits  

E-print Network

issued a Commuter permit may park in any space in any yellow Commuter parking lot/area noted on the campus map. Commuter permits are restricted to yellow parking areas on the campus map, Monday through permits do not authorize parking outside of the Mines Park area. If residents prefer to drive to campus

286

February 2014 STUDENT APPLICATION FOR CAR PARKING  

E-print Network

and specified parking areas. Access Cards and Parking Permits are not transferable and are valid onlyFebruary 2014 STUDENT APPLICATION FOR CAR PARKING Car Parks Office Security & Portering Services (Campus Services Division) Park Place CARDIFF CF10 3AT Telephone: 029 2087 9092 Email: carparking

Davies, Christopher

287

February 2014 STAFF APPLICATION FOR CAR PARKING  

E-print Network

are issued in respect of named individuals and specified parking areas. Access Cards and Parking PermitsFebruary 2014 STAFF APPLICATION FOR CAR PARKING Car Parks Office Security & Portering Services (Campus Services Division) Park Place CARDIFF CF10 3AT Telephone: 029 2087 9092 Email: carparking

Davies, Christopher

288

Tour of Park Geology: Human Use Sites  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service (NPS) site provides links to geolgy field notes about National Parks, National Monuments, and National Recreation Areas having to do with geology and human use (such as mining). Information includes geology, photographs, multimedia tools, park maps, visitor information, geologic research, and additional links. Parks covered include Klondike Gold Rush National Historic Park, Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument, and more.

289

Tour of Park Geology: River Systems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides links to National Parks, Monuments, Preserves, Rivers, and Recreation Areas with fluvial landforms. Park links provide maps, photographs, geologic and historical information, and teacher features (links for teaching tools). Parks in this category include Big Bend National Park, Canyonlands National Park, Buffalo National River, and more.

290

Terrein / car park: Inleveren bij / submit to  

E-print Network

Procedure: Terrein / car park: Inleveren bij / submit to: Info: Vul a.u.b. uw gegevens in / please terrein, voor de duur van: Requests access to the car park(s) mentioned above for the period of voorbehoud kan van toepassing zijn. You can request access rights for the local car park(s) on one campus

Galis, Frietson

291

National Park Service: Environmental Contaminants Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource from the National Park Service contains a wealth of information central to the growing field of environmental toxicology. The site consists of a searchable encyclopedia of 118 environmental contaminants, from Acenaphthene to Zinc. With information on chemical elements, compounds, and products, the EC Encyclopedia also serves as a reference for determining the potential impact of the concentration of a certain substance. Entries are in Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) format and include background information, specific threats, and other related material. Complete reference information (the Referenc.pdf file) is also available.

1998-01-01

292

National Park Service: Environmental Contaminants Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource from the National Park Service contains a wealth of information central to the growing field of environmental toxicology. The site consists of a searchable encyclopedia of 118 environmental contaminants, from Acenaphthene to Zinc. With information on chemical elements, compounds, and products, the EC Encyclopedia also serves as a reference for determining the potential impact of the concentration of a certain substance. Entries are in Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) format and include background information, specific threats, and other related material. Complete reference information (the Referenc.pdf file) is also available.

2005-11-29

293

SPS Outreach with Amusement Park Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Department of Physics and Astronomy helps host an annual outreach event at a local amusement park for students in grades 6-12. The Physics Night Program is made up of several parts primarily focused on having students apply physics principles and estimate measurements at the park. That evening, DU sponsors undergraduate student volunteers in queue lines to discuss physics concepts with students, and the Society of Physics Student (SPS) chapter stages a more elaborate collection of physics demonstrations at a central gathering place. In 2006, we expanded our outreach efforts to include interactive data collection and on-site interpretation of data. A team of graduate and undergraduate DU SPS students outfitted high school volunteers with vests and hardware designed to return three-axis acceleration information. Students wore the sensors on the rides, returned the equipment to the staging area, and received immediate feedback about the accelerations their hardware recorded. We hope to expand the range of experiential sensing to include more physiological as well as physical data collection, and to provide greater accuracy utilizing the technology we are implementing at the park.

Geise, Kathleen; Iona, Steven; Stencel, Robert

2007-03-01

294

A second row Parking Paradox  

E-print Network

We consider two variations of the discrete car parking problem where at every vertex of the integers a car arrives with rate one, now allowing for parking in two lines. a) The car parks in the first line whenever the vertex and all of its nearest neighbors are not occupied yet. It can reach the first line if it is not obstructed by cars already parked in the second line (screening). b) The car parks according to the same rules, but parking in the first line can not be obstructed by parked cars in the second line (no screening). In both models, a car that can not park in the first line will attempt to park in the second line. If it is obstructed in the second line as well, the attempt is discarded. We show that both models are solvable in terms of finite-dimensional ODEs. We compare numerically the limits of first and second line densities, with time going to infinity. While it is not surprising that model a) exhibits an increase of the density in the second line from the first line, more remarkably this is also true for model b), albeit in a less pronounced way.

S. R. Fleurke; C. Kuelske

2008-11-21

295

University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy 1.0 Why have a car parking policy?  

E-print Network

space in designated staff parking areas. A permit or voucher does not guarantee a car parking space parking areas. A permit does not guarantee a car parking space. Permits are valid for one yearDocument1 University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy 1.0 Why have a car parking policy

Pym, David J.

296

Chiltern Woodland Burial Park Chiltern Woodland Burial Park  

E-print Network

Chiltern Woodland Burial Park Chiltern Woodland Burial Park features natural materials and unique environmentally-friendly alternatives. Woodlands are naturally peaceful locations for `green burials' and in 2002 to the primary purpose of a natural burial site. Pitlands wood in Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire, was selected due

297

Discovery Park Impact Network for Photovoltaic Technology  

E-print Network

Discovery Park Impact Network for Photovoltaic Technology NEED Discovery Park provides opportunities to create large-scale, interdisciplinary centers to address social challenges. One Discovery Park tool to facilitate interdisciplinary faculty collaborations is the Discovery Lecture Series, funded

Holland, Jeffrey

298

Traffic and Parking Services Financial Statements  

E-print Network

Traffic and Parking Services Financial Statements June 30, 2010 #12;FLORIDA ATLANTIC UNIVERSITY PARKING AND TRANSPORTATION SERVICES MANAGEMENT DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS JUNE 30, 2010 Our discussion is healthy. The University's management, which oversees Parking & Transportation operations, has insured its

Fernandez, Eduardo

299

Acadia National Park Geologic Resources Inventory Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Arguably one of the most geologically remarkable sites along the Atlantic Coast, Acadia National Park represents the only National Park along the eastern seaboard with a coastline carved by Pleistocene continental glaciers. The parks landscape captures th...

2010-01-01

300

Designing for ecology : the ecological park  

E-print Network

This thesis aims to define a) what an ecological park is, and b) whether it is a new model in park design. Reference to the literature on landscape ecology is used to analyze the natural ecological merit of these parks, ...

Power, Andres M

2006-01-01

301

Geology Fieldnotes: Canyonlands National Park, Utah  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains park maps, visitor information, details about park geology, and a teacher feature (lessons for teaching science using National Park examples) for Canyonlands National Park in Utah. It discusses the creation of the canyons by the Green and Colorado rivers, as well as the geologic and human histories of the park. Also covered is information about the surrounding mountains (La Sals, Abajos, and Henry Mountains), the famous Upheaval Dome, The Maze, The Needles, and arches found within the park.

302

MIDDLE PARK Conservation Action Plan  

E-print Network

MIDDLE PARK Conservation Action Plan 2011 Update Plant Species of Focus: Kremmling milkvetch Panjabi, S. and B. Neely. 2011. Middle Park Conservation Action Plan, 2011 Update. Prepared by The Nature and threats by participants of an initial conservation action planning workshop held in June 2008 and a July

303

Roger Williams Park, Japanese Garden  

Microsoft Academic Search

Built in 1935-1936 by the Works Progress Administration in the 430 acre park designed by Horace Cleveland in 1878. The park itself is laid out in the romantic landscape tradition of Frederick Law Olmsted (1822-1903) and complements the asymmetry of the Japanese garden with its japonaise bridge and waterscape.

Chet Smolski

2011-01-01

304

California Community Colleges Parking Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1990, a representative sample of 25 California community colleges was contacted by telephone to determine their parking policies and practices. The colleges were sampled on the basis of location and size. Study findings included the following: (1) 17 of the colleges reported that they had insufficient numbers of on-campus parking spaces; (2)…

McIntyre, Chuck

305

HOURGLASS FIRE Pingree Park Vicinity  

E-print Network

HOURGLASS FIRE Pingree Park Vicinity July 1-July 7, 1994 P.N. Omi Pingree Park overview, September, 1994, showing campus facilities in relation to area burned in the Houglass Fire. Summary narrative: The Hourglass Fire was first reported via 911 call to the Larimer County Sheriff on Friday, July 1 1994 at 10

306

Nevada Division of State Parks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based in Carson City, the Nevada Division of State Parks helps to preserve and promote notable parts of the Nevada natural and cultural environment. One of the goals of their website is to provide visitors with "an introduction to the other side of Nevada, the side that is wild scenic and full of western history." First-time visitors may wish to click on the "State parks map" area to learn more about the location of the state parks, and the interactive map also includes direct links to each site. Scholars and students of park management will want to click on over to the "Park General and Resource Management Plans" area. Here they can learn about the completed general management plans for parks such as the Mormon Station and the Valley of Fire, and learn about plans that are currently under review. Visitors looking for helpful information about upcoming events can look over the "Other Park News!" area on the right hand side of the homepage. Finally, there's also detailed information about park fees, several photo galleries, and news releases.

307

Cardinal Soccer Clinic Peckham Park  

E-print Network

Cardinal Soccer Clinic at Peckham Park Middlefield, CT Dates: July 25-29, 2011 Time: 6:00-8:00 pm Who: Boys and Girls ­ Ages 5-12 (Grades K-6) Coaches: Geoff Wheeler ­ Wesleyan Men's Soccer Coach Why: Come enjoy a great week of soccer focused on individual skills, teamwork and fun! Where: Peckham Park

Devoto, Stephen H.

308

Traffic and Parking Financial Statements  

E-print Network

its financial health is improving or deteriorating. We believe that the financial position of TrafficTraffic and Parking Financial Statements June 30, 2009 #12;FLORIDA ATLANTIC UNIVERSITY TRAFFIC University's Traffic & Parking system financial performance provides an overview of the financial activities

Fernandez, Eduardo

309

Microbiology in Yellowstone National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site describes how Yellowstone National Park is a focal point for cutting-edge microbiology research and how it provides a valuable setting for outreach education. Topics include questions for park officials, extremophiles, microbe diversity and evolution, educational outreach, and suggested reading.

David, Ward; University, Montana S.

310

Can Twitter save Bletchley Park?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bletchley Park is the historic site of secret British codebreaking activities during World War II and birthplace of the modern computer. The work carried out there is said to have shortened WWII by two years, saving possibly 22 million lives. The Park is now a museum, with a 26 acre site, many exhibitions and working rebuilds of machines such as

Sue Black; Jonathan P. Bowen; Kelsey Griffin

2010-01-01

311

Science in the National Parks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new addition to The National Park Service's website provides an overview of a huge array of research projects being conducted in US National Parks. Scientific studies are listed and summarized here (by Park), and include research on Nitrogen fixation, Neotropical migratory birds, meadow restoration, glacier research, and monitoring of wolf populations, to name a few. In addition, a list of Partners in Scientific Research is available at the site, as are current and archived copies of the agency's quarterly research and resource management bulletin Park Science. The exceptional value of the site is that it provides what most researchers don't have: detailed insights into different components (and scales) of the same ecosystem. Application procedures are included for those interested in conducting research at National Parks.

Service., United S.

312

ABOMASAL PARASITES IN WILD SYMPATRIC CERVIDS, RED DEER, CERVUS ELAPHUS AND FALLOW DEER, DAMA DAMA, FROM THREE LOCALITIES ACROSS CENTRAL AND WESTERN SPAIN: RELATIONSHIP TO HOST DENSITY AND PARK MANAGEMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey of abomasal parasites in cervids from Central Spain was conducted at 3 sites, Quintos de Mora (Toledo), Maluenez de Arriba (Caceres), and La Herguijuela (Caceres). Commonly occurring helminths belonged to 3 polymorphic species of the Ostertagiinae: Spiculopteragia asymmetrica \\/S. quadrispiculata, Ostertagia leptospicularis\\/O. kolchida, and O. drozdzi\\/O. ryjikovi. Trichostrongylus axei was found in very few cases. Ostertagia drozdzi\\/O. ryjikovi

Mónica Santín-Durán; José M. Alunda; Eric P. Hoberg; Concepción de la Fuente

2004-01-01

313

Urban parking. January 1970-September 1988 (Citations from the NTIS data base). Report for January 1970-September 1988  

SciTech Connect

This bibliography contains citations concerning the problems and proposed solutions associated with vehicle parking in urban areas. The use of park-and-ride facilities and satellite parking for public-transportation systems, airports, and central business districts is discussed. Management aspects, and studies performed at specific locations are also described. (This updated bibliography contains 279 citations, 10 of which are new entries to the previous edition.)

Not Available

1988-09-01

314

Amusement Park Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It's one thing to learn about physics in a lab, but it can be quite another thing to make a pilgrimage to an amusement park to take in the laws of physics. Users will have to supply their own corn dogs and popcorn, but this rather nice educational resource from Annenberg Media will be quite useful for budding physicists and their teachers. The resource allows users to design their own roller coaster, and along the way they will learn a thing or two about the laws of gravity, pendulums, and kinetic energy. Along with explanatory essays, this resource contains interactive graphics and a glossary of terms. Sit back and enjoy the virtual roller coaster ride, as this site provides a rather novel way of introducing students to physics.

315

News and Views: Perspectives for Nuclear Energy in Brazil After Fukushima  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

More than two decades after the Chernobyl accident, the world was experiencing a nuclear renaissance when an earthquake followed by a tsunami, both of uncommon proportions, led to major releases of radiation at the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear central. Many countries are now reevaluating decisions to expand their nuclear parks, a change of course motivated by a number of considerations. Combined with the same premises, lessons learned from the history of its nuclear program compel Brazil to turn to the renewable sources of energy at its disposal.

Goldemberg, José

2011-09-01

316

Geochemistry of Jamari complex, central-eastern Rondônia: Andean-type magmatic arc and Paleoproterozoic crustal growth of the southwestern Amazonian Craton, Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Jamari complex (gabbro-diorite-tonalite/enderbite-granodiorite/charnoenderbite) represents a Paleoproterozoic (ca. 1.76-1.74 Ga) magmatic arc emplaced along the southwestern Amazonian Craton in central-eastern Rondônia, Brazil. Comprising metaplutonic and metasedimentary rocks, the Jamari complex constitutes the polydeformed Paleoproterozoic basement of Rondônia state. Together with regional data from the Rondônia-Juruena Province, our findings suggest that the southwestern border of the Amazonian Craton was the site of magmatic arc evolution from at least ca. 1.78 to 1.63 Ga. Elemental geochemical data show that intermediate/acid orthogneisses are metaluminous to mildly peraluminous, and have a medium to high-K, calc-alkaline signature, suggesting that they were formed in an immature Andean-type magmatic arc. Gabbros have signatures similar to tholeiites of active continental margin and diorites show characteristics compatible with rocks of tholeiite/calc-alkaline active continental margin volcanic arc. The chemical data of the Jamari complex felsic plutonic rocks show general trends of increasing contents of incompatible elements (K2O, Rb, Nb, Th, La, Ba and Sr) and decreasing contents of compatible elements (Ni, V, Sc, MgO, Fe2O3, Al2O3, CaO and TiO2) with increasing SiO2. Although these variations are consistent with closed system fractional crystallization processes, the wide variation of Rb/Zr, La/Sm, K/Rb, Nb/Y, Th/Y and Th/Yb in the felsic rocks may indicate random crustal contamination during the evolution of these rocks. Normalized trace element patterns show enrichment in LILEs (Rb, Ba, K, Th and Ce) relative to HFSEs (Nb, Zr, P and Ti) and are very similar to calc-alkaline subduction-related rocks from orogenic belts. The Jamari complex represents the western extension of similar metaplutonic rocks (Juruena Complex, Mato Grosso), occurring along some 500 km of the Paleoproterozoic Madeirinha orogen (1.78-1.63 Ga). During this event the rocks were metamorphosed under upper amphibolite to granulite facies conditions that only mildly disturbed their igneous characteristics. Zircon U-Pb crystallization ages (ID-TIMS, SHRIMP and LA-ICP-MS) set the acretional phase of the magmatic arc in Rondônia between 1.76 and 1.74 Ga. Metamorphic mineral paragenesis and textural features in these rocks, combined with geochronologic data, indicate that metamorphic conditions in the study area reached the granulite facies (T = ca. 750-800 °C, P = 7 to 8 kbar) in a tectonothermal collisional event that occurred between 1.67 and 1.63 Ga. The Jamari complex in this region was subsequently reworked during the Rondonian-San Ignácio Orogeny (1.50-1.30 Ga), a tectonic episode characterized by crytical metamorphic mineral assemblages and anatexis, suggesting upper-amphibolite-facies metamorphism. The youngest tectonic event recognized in the Jamari complex is associated with tectonic reactivation, deformation, thermal overprint, and magmatism related to the Sunsás Orogeny (1.30-0.95 Ga). Its effects are represented by extensive development of shear zones (Ji-Paraná system), mylonitic belts, rifts and sedimentary deposits, and post-collisional A-type intrusions. Nd isotopic data of the high-grade orthogneisses show a wide range of ?Nd values (-1.5 to +5.6) and a wide spectrum of TDM model-ages, from 1.79 to 2.2 Ga. These values demonstrate that the crustal generation processes involved juvenile mantle sources and variable proportions of older recycled crust.

Scandolara, Jaime E.; Fuck, Reinhardt A.; Dantas, Elton L.; Souza, Valmir S.

2013-10-01

317

Aftermath of Griffith Park Fire  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In mid-May 2007, wind-driven flames raced through Griffith Park in Los Angeles, forcing hasty evacuations and threatening numerous famous landmarks and tourist spots, such as the Los Angeles Zoo and the Hollywood Sign. Ultimately, no one was injured in the fire, which may have been started by a cigarette. About 800 acres burned in the urban park, which is itself a Hollywood landmark, having been the location for several movies, including Rebel Without A Cause. This image of the park was captured by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) on NASA's Terra satellite on June 6, 2007, about a month after the fire. ASTER detects both visible and infrared wavelengths of light, and both kinds have been used to make this image. Vegetation appears in various shades of red, while the burned areas appear charcoal. Roads and dense urban areas appear purplish-gray or white. Water is dark blue. Large burned areas are evident in the northwest and southeast parts of the park, with scattered smaller patches along the southern margin. Some botanical gardens and parts of a bird sanctuary, as well as some park structures like restrooms, were destroyed. The park's unburned, natural vegetation appears brick red, while the irrigated golf courses adjacent to the park are bright red. NASA image created by Jesse Allen, using data provided courtesy of the NASA/GSFC/MITI/ERSDAC/JAROS, and U.S./Japan ASTER Science Team.

2007-01-01

318

Chicago Public Library: Millennium Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The transformation of the area east of Michigan Avenue from an industrial wasteland into the vibrant and heavily-used Millennium Park is truly a remarkable tale in Chicago's recent history. The apocryphal tale says that Mayor Richard M. Daley looked out from his dentist's office and envisioned a public park that would be comparable to other grand spaces in the city. The construction of Millennium Park took quite some time, but when the park was finished in 2004, most people were quite happy with it. This digital collection from the Chicago Public Library brings together over 5,100 images of the park at various phases of its construction. Visitors can view a highlights file of 154 images, and they can wander through topical areas like Cloud Gate, Crown Fountain, and Lurie Garden. Visitors interested in broad vistas of the entire setting should click on Full Park. Finally, visitors can use the tabs on the left-hand side of the page to look at architectural renderings and models of the park's various sections.

2012-03-16

319

Park and chill : redesign parking garage in Hong Kong  

E-print Network

What are the aesthetics of urban infrastructure? Urban infrastructure has remained isolated to human activities. We all share memory and experience with urban infrastructure, e.g. we drive on the same roads and park our ...

Ting, Sze Ngai

2011-01-01

320

1.OA At the Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: There were 7 children at the park. Then 4 more showed up. How many children were at the park all together? There were 7 children at the park. Some more...

321

Yellowstone National Park: Historic 3-D Photographs Featuring Park Geology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This source provides a series of 34 historic photographs of well-known geologic landmarks in Yellowstone National Park. The photographs can be viewed individually or as part of a tour that begins at Old Faithful and proceeds in a clockwise route around the park. The images were created by digital manipulation of antique stereographs and they may be viewed as black and white photos or in 3-D using special stereographic glasses.

Phil, Stoffer; Team, Usgs W.

322

The Civil Rights Movement and the Future of the National Park System in a Racially Diverse America  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. National Park System contains places of world-renowned beauty and tremendous historical significance that represent some of the central values and experiences in American culture, democracy, and freedom for everyone, for all time. However, the vast majority of visitors to these parks are white, which has increasingly been seen as a problem as it suggests a lack of full

Joe Weber; Selima Sultana

2012-01-01

323

Teacher's Guide to Independence National Historical Park.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Independence National Historical Park, located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is operated by the National Park Service. The park was authorized by an Act of Congress on June 28, 1948, and formally established on July 4, 1956. The mission of Independence National Historical Park is to preserve its stories, buildings, and artifacts as a source of…

National Park Service (Dept. of Interior), Philadelphia, PA. Independence National Historical Park.

324

Standard structures For roadside, car parks,  

E-print Network

Standard structures For roadside, car parks, visitor information, wayfinding & waymarking Forestry visitor centres. Suitable locations At road entrance to car park/driveway Symbols Up to 5 symbols is for Entrances to medium-sized car parks Suitable locations At road entrance to car park Symbols Up to 3 symbols

325

Person Tracking for Parking Space Vacancy Prediction  

Microsoft Academic Search

UCSD has a serious problem with undergraduate student parking. Most students must resort to parking in far corners of the campus and taking shuttle buses to their classes. When arriving at campus, people generally search for vacant parking spaces from the closest spaces to the farthest, unnecessarily wasting time. We propose a solution whereby students can determine whether a parking

Mooneer Salem

326

University of Minnesota Parking & Transportation Services  

E-print Network

problems with your keycard, please call the Parking and Transportation Services' office at 626-PARK as soon privileges are on a SPACE AVAILABLE BASIS ONLY. Also, reciprocal parking on the same campus as your assignedUniversity of Minnesota Parking & Transportation Services KEYCARD USER INFORMATION If you have any

Gulliver, Robert

327

Optimal parking orbits for manned Mars missions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarizes a Mars parking orbit optimization effort. This parking orbit study includes the selection of optimal elliptic Mars parking orbits that meet mission constraints and that include pertinent apsidal misalignment losses. Mars missions examined are for the opportunity years of 2014, 2016, and 2018. For these mission opportunities, it is shown that the optimal parking orbits depend on

Michael L. Cupples; Jill A. Nordwall

1993-01-01

328

Department of Public Safety Parking and  

E-print Network

posted). 6.4. Parking outside of color designated parking areas is allowed weekdays from 6 PM - 1 AMDepartment of Public Safety Parking and Traffic Regulations SY 2012-2013 Edition Department of Public Safety Administrative Services 419 Boston Avenue Medford, MA 02155 (617) 627-3692 Visit http://publicsafety.tufts.edu/parking

Dennett, Daniel

329

Man Sik Park Symmetry and Separability In  

E-print Network

Man Sik Park Symmetry and Separability In Spatial-Temporal Processes Man Sik Park, Montserrat Fuentes Symmetry and Separability In Spatial-Temporal Processes 1 #12;Man Sik Park Motivation · In general-pollution data. Symmetry and Separability In Spatial-Temporal Processes 2 #12;Man Sik Park Research Objectives 1

330

The international politics of national parks  

Microsoft Academic Search

National parks are the keystone institutions of environmental conservation. Because national parks make certain lands part of the state itself, international agencies and nongovernmental organizations that promote national parks propose, in effect, to alter the state, as well as the local economy and state relations with social groups. Has international political pressure caused states to create national parks? I consider

Karen M. O'Neill

1996-01-01

331

ParkSense: A Smartphone Based Sensing System For On-Street Parking  

E-print Network

if a driver has vacated a parking spot. ParkSense leverages the ubiquitous Wi-Fi beacons in urban areas. INTRODUCTION In metropolitan city centers and dense urban areas around the world, parking space is an expensiveParkSense: A Smartphone Based Sensing System For On-Street Parking Sarfraz Nawaz, Christos

Mascolo, Cecilia

332

University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy -v2 0.docx University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy  

E-print Network

in an available space in designated staff parking areas. A permit or voucher does not guarantee a car parking to search for and park in an available priority or standard space in designated staff parking areas. A permit entitles students to search for and park in an available space in designated areas matching

Levi, Ran

333

Criteria for Car Parking Allocation System Criteria for Car Parking Allocation System  

E-print Network

Criteria for Car Parking Allocation System Criteria for Car Parking Allocation System 2014-15 Criteria for Car Parking All #12;The issue and control of car parking permits is vested in Estates Services. The annual charges are incorporated in the application form. The car parking charges will be deducted from

Mottram, Nigel

334

Vandal-Proof Your Park.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responses of 380 park maintenance and facility managers to a questionnaire provided information on how they try to prevent vandalism affecting signs, picnic and related services, and sanitary facilities. (CB)

Shattuck, J. Bruce

1988-01-01

335

Morris Park Ave Rhinelander Ave  

E-print Network

Albert Einstein College of Medicine ALBERT EINSTEIN COLLEGE OF MEDICINE JACK AND PEARL RESNICK CAMPUS Building 19. Einstein Boiler Plant JACOBI MEDICAL CENTER 20. Nurses' Residence MEDICAL PARK EINSTEIN PROGRAM LOCATIONS Glass Building Ob/Gyn Private Practice

Kenny, Paraic

336

Renovation proposal for Fenway Park  

E-print Network

As the oldest stadium in baseball history, the existing structure of Fenway Park presents problems such as limiting seating capacity and obstructed views, caused by the columns supporting the second level. Opened in 1912, ...

Aldana Urrutia, Luis Pedro

2009-01-01

337

Jurassic Park: Adventure in Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes using the movie "Jurassic Park" as a foundation for a middle school interdisciplinary unit involving science, math, language arts, history, and geography. Suggested books and activities are presented. (PR)

Shams, Marcia; Boteler, Trina

1993-01-01

338

The Science Behind Jurassic Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"The Science Behind Jurassic Park" is an html document describing how world renowned paleontologist Jack Horner is using computers and CAT scan machines to peer inside 30 million year old dinosaur fossils.

339

Car-Park Occupancy Information System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drivers always face difficulty of finding available parking lot while entering into a huge parking area. A Car-Park Occupancy Information System (COINS) is perhaps a viable solution to reduce the amount of time needed to search for a vacant car-park lot especially in a huge parking area. With this system, images captured by a surveillance camera were processed in real-time

D. B. L. Bong; K. C. Ting; N. Rajaee

340

Seasonal dynamics of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in plants of Theobroma grandiflorum Schum and Paullinia cupana Mart. of aN agroforestry system in Central Amazonia, Amazonas State, Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The seasonal dynamics of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) was investigated in the rhizosphere of two fruit species in a terra firme (upland) ecosystem in Central Amazonia. Two host species (Theobroma grandiflorum and Paullinia cupana) and nine sampling months (August, September and December\\/1998, February, April, May and December\\/1999, February and May\\/2000) were studied in a completely randomized design, with five replications,

Arlem Nascimento de Oliveira; Luiz Antonio de Oliveira

2005-01-01

341

Urban Parks: The Value of Small Urban Parks, Plazas and Other Outdoor Spaces  

E-print Network

People need parks. Great urban parks are places where communities come together, people interact, and social capital develops. Learn the characteristics of great urban parks and how they are created....

Shafer, Carl Scott; Jacob, John

2006-11-27

342

Modelling gap-size distribution of parked cars using random-matrix theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We apply the random-matrix theory to the car-parking problem. For this purpose, we adopt a Coulomb gas model that associates the coordinates of the gas particles with the eigenvalues of a random matrix. The nature of interaction between the particles is consistent with the tendency of the drivers to park their cars near to each other and in the same time keep a distance sufficient for manoeuvring. We show that the recently measured gap-size distribution of parked cars in a number of roads in central London is well represented by the spacing distribution of a Gaussian unitary ensemble.

Abul-Magd, A. Y.

2006-08-01

343

54. The Curtis Music Hall (15 West Park) dates from ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

54. The Curtis Music Hall (15 West Park) dates from 1892. This is one if the more architecturally interesting buildings remaining in Butte, with a variety of window types, a corbelled parapet extending over one bay, a central gable flanked by decorative square towers, a turret, and a richly decorated facade. The storefront has been modernized with plate glass windows and a metal canopy. - Butte Historic District, Bounded by Copper, Arizona, Mercury & Continental Streets, Butte, Silver Bow County, MT

344

Elk winter foraging at fine scale in Yellowstone National Park  

Microsoft Academic Search

The link between landscape properties and foraging decisions by herbivores remains unclear, but such knowledge is central\\u000a to the understanding of plant–herbivore dynamics. Our goal was to determine whether fine-scale foraging paths of free-ranging\\u000a elk (Cervus canadensis) respond to spatial structure of habitats in Yellowstone National Park. During winter 2002 we gathered elk-foraging information\\u000a by following snow tracks in open

Daniel Fortin; Juan M. Morales; Mark S. Boyce

2005-01-01

345

Effects of Park Improvements on Park Use and Physical Activity Policy and Programming Implications  

PubMed Central

Background Many assume that improving the quality and the perceived safety of facilities in parks and recreation centers are critical to attracting more users and increasing population physical activity. There are few studies in which these assumptions have been tested. Purpose To assess the impact of park improvements on park use and physical activity. Methods Five intervention parks and five matched comparison parks were studied by objectively measuring park use and collecting self reports of park use by residents before and after park improvements. After using the System for Observing Play and Recreation in Communities (SOPARC) to count park users and measure their activity levels and conducting household interviews and intercept surveys with park users, propensity score analyses were used to adjust for differences in respondents’ characteristics between pre- and post-intervention and across conditions. Results Overall park use and physical activity declined in both intervention and control parks, with 39% of the decline directly attributable to fewer scheduled organized activities. Perceptions of park safety increased more in the intervention parks than in the comparison parks. Conclusions Improvements to parks may not automatically result in increased use and physical activity, especially when programming decreases. Multiple factors contribute to park use and need to be accounted for in future community-level interventions. Improving perceptions of safety alone are unlikely to result in increased park use. PMID:19944911

Cohen, Deborah; Golinelli, Daniela; Williamson, Stephanie; Sehgal, Amber; Marsh, Terry; McKenzie, Thomas L

2009-01-01

346

Parks and physical activity: Why are some parks used more than others?  

PubMed Central

Objective To assess how park characteristics and demographic factors are associated with park use. Methods We studied a diverse sample of parks in a Southern California metropolitan area in 2006–2008 representing a variety of racial and ethnic communities of different socioeconomic strata. We surveyed 51 park directors, 4257 park users and local residents, and observed 30 parks. We explored relationships among the number of people observed, the number of park programs offered, number of organized activities observed, park size, existence of park advisory board, perceptions of safety, and population density and characteristics. Results The strongest correlates of the number of people using the park were the park size and the number of organized activities observed. Neighborhood population density, neighborhood poverty levels, perceptions of park safety, and the presence of a park advisory board were not associated with park use. Conclusion While perceptions of low safety have been considered a barrier to park use, perceptions of high safety do not appear to facilitate park use. Having events at the park, including sports competitions and other attractions, appears to be the strongest correlate of park use and community-level physical activity. PMID:19850067

Cohen, Deborah; Marsh, Terry; Williamson, Stephanie; Derose, Kathryn Pitkin; Martinez, Homero; Setodji, Claude; McKenzie, Thom

2009-01-01

347

U-M DEPARTMENT PARKING APPLICATION Use this application to request department parking options (annual or Department Pre-Paid Daily Parking). Please read the policies for  

E-print Network

Parking -- Parking within walking distance of campus core areas or next to U-M buildings in remote areas-M buildings. Also honored in any Blue, Yellow or Orange parking area and at the Taubman Parking Structure2010­2011 U-M DEPARTMENT PARKING APPLICATION Use this application to request department parking

Kirschner, Denise

348

Tectonic and fluid inclusion constraints on the origin of quartz veins with giant crystals in the Tocantins structural province (Cristalândia, central Brazil)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Large, lens-shaped quartz veins between the Cristalândia and Pium settlements (Tocantins, Brazil) occur in a N–S-oriented, up to 3km wide, dextral, orogen-parallel strike-slip shear zone. Formation PT conditions recorded by multiphase brine inclusions in quartz crystals from drusy cavities correspond to 280–400°C and up to 300MPa, as indicated by high-density CO2 bubbles (up to 0.96g\\/cm3) observed in some brine inclusions.

Frantisek Marko; Vratislav Hurai; Marian Dyda; Gervalino Almeida; Walter Prochaska; Rainer Thomas

2006-01-01

349

First data on the age of rocks from the central part of the Vitoria-Trindade Ridge (Brazil Basin, South Atlantic)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Micropaleontological and isotope-geochronological investigations of calcareous sedimentary rocks and volcanites dredged out from the central portion of the submarine Vitoria-Trindade Ridge during the 24th cruise of R/V Akademik Vavilov have been conducted. It has been established based on micropaleontological analysis, which included determination of the species composition of foraminifera and nannoplankton, that the sequence of sedimentary rocks having a pelagic nature formed on the slopes of the volcanic seamounts in the central portion of the Vitoria-Trindade Ridge from the Early to Mid-Miocene to the Holocene; a good correlation between the degree of lithification of these rocks and their age is observed. It has also been established that the carbonate platforms on the abraded tops of the Davis Seamount and the Dogaressa Bank, which are located in the east-central portion of the Vitoria-Trindade Ridge, started forming in the Early Miocene (19-24 Ma). It has been determined using local U-Pb dating of zircon grains with a SHRIMP-II high resolution secondary ion mass spectrometer that the volcanites forming the upper portion of the volcanic rock sequence of the Jaseur Seamount (29.8 ± 6.6 Ma) located in the west-central portion of the Vitoria-Trindade Ridge date to the Oligocene. The investigations conducted have confirmed the opinion that the Vitoria-Trindade Ridge formed in general because of the activity of the hot spot located under the volcanic Trindade and Martin Vaz Islands. However, separate extended lenticular segments of this ridge existed for a long time as single structures, within which the age of the seamounts was not linearly dependent on the distance from the location of the hot spot. Lenses of hot mantle matter that form at the sublithospheric level as a result of impulses of plume activity and move along with the lithospheric plate play a defining role in the development of individual segments forming the Vitoria-Trindade Ridge.

Skolotnev, S. G.; Bylinskaya, M. E.; Golovina, L. A.; Ipat'eva, I. S.

2011-03-01

350

Tour of Park Geology: Plate Tectonics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service (NPS) site provides links to geology field notes providing information about National Parks, National Monuments, and National Recreation Areas that have to do with plate tectonics. The site also has illustrations and descriptions of different plate boundaries. The parks are divided into categories depending on which type of plate boundary they are located on. This includes divergent boundaries(active and ancient), convergent boundaries (ocean-ocean, continent-continent, continent-ocean), transform faults, hot spots, and accreted terrains. Parks referenced include Virgin Islands National Park, Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, and many more.

351

Mesa Verde National Park: Educational Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service site contains general information on planning a visit to the park; information on plants, animals, geology, cliff dwellings, surface archaeological sites, and history of the park; and a classroom activities section. School group activities at the park include identifying geologic formations, seeing museum videos and dioramas, going on trails and tours, and attending evening campground programs. Classroom activities involve the use of a park map, the development of ancestral Puebloan society from about AD 1 to AD 1300, and the history of the National Park Service.

352

Geology Fieldnotes: Badlands National Park, South Dakota  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Badlands National Park, located in southwestern South Dakota, consists of 244,000 acres of sharply eroded buttes, pinnacles and spires blended with the largest, protected mixed grass prairie in the United States. Features include information on park geology, maps, photographs, visitor information, links to related publications, and lesson plans for teaching geology with National Park examples. The park geology section discusses the Park's geologic history during the Eocene and Oligocene epochs and the rich fossil deposits found there. Maps of the park and the surrounding area are included.

353

Bibliography of Doctor Chul Park  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document contains a comprehensive bibliography of the published works, and a short biography, of Dr. Chul Park. The contents of this bibliography were compiled primarily from the NASA RECON data base. The RECON citations have been modified to appear in a uniform format with all other listed citations . These other citations were located by computer searches in the INSPEC, NTIS, COMPENDEX, and Chemical Abstracts data bases, as well as through the cooperation of Dr. Chul Park, and his associates in the Reacting Flow Environments Branch at NASA Ames Research Center. All citations are presented in an approximate reverse chronological order from the present date. This work was created to honor the occasion of Dr. Chul Park's retirement on December 14, 1994, after 27 years of distinguished government service at the NASA Ames Research Center.

Gochberg, Lawrence A.; Venkatapathy, Ethiraj; Park, Chul

1995-01-01

354

Amusement park injuries and deaths.  

PubMed

Media coverage of amusement park injuries has increased over the past several years, raising concern that amusement rides may be dangerous. Amusement park fatalities and increases in reported injuries have prompted proposed legislation to regulate the industry. Since 1979, the medical literature has published reports of 4 subdural hematomas, 4 internal carotid artery dissections, 2 vertebral artery dissections, 2 subarachnoid hemorrhages, 1 intraparenchymal hemorrhage, and 1 carotid artery thrombosis with stroke, all related to roller coaster rides. In this article, we review reports of amusement park injuries in the medical literature and Consumer Product Safety Commission data on the overall risk of injury. We also discuss the physics and the physiologic effects of roller coasters that may influence the type and severity of injuries. Although the risk of injury is low, emergency physicians are advised to include participation on thrill rides as part of their history, particularly when evaluating patients presenting with neurologic symptoms. PMID:11782733

Braksiek, Robert J; Roberts, David J

2002-01-01

355

Lichens of the U. S. national parks  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Over 26,100 records of lichens present in 144 U.S. national park units were assembled from various sources into a database and analyzed. Within these 144 park units 2,435 species and 375 genera are reported, representing 63% and 74% of the North American flora, respectively. The park units are located in 41 states and Washington, D.C. The average number of species in a park is 104, but the median is 60, indicating there are many parks with a small number of species and a few with high numbers. Isle Royale National Park has the most species, 611, and twelve parks have only one species reported. The number of records of lichens present ranged from one for 25 parks, to 1,623 for Isle Royale. Physcia aipolia is the most frequently observed species, being found in 65 parks. One fourth of the park units are classified cultural resource parks, while the remainder are considered natural resource parks. This study was based on 453 sources, including literature citations, park reports and collections in the University of Minnesota Herbarium. Copyright ?? 2005 by the American Bryological and Lichenological Society, Inc.

Bennett, J. P.; Wetmore, C. M.

2005-01-01

356

36 CFR 7.66 - North Cascades National Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.66 North Cascades...between the park boundary and the Cascade Pass Trailhead parking area. (2) The Stehekin Valley Road between the park...

2013-07-01

357

36 CFR 7.66 - North Cascades National Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.66 North Cascades...between the park boundary and the Cascade Pass Trailhead parking area. (2) The Stehekin Valley Road between the park...

2010-07-01

358

36 CFR 7.66 - North Cascades National Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.66 North Cascades...between the park boundary and the Cascade Pass Trailhead parking area. (2) The Stehekin Valley Road between the park...

2012-07-01

359

36 CFR 7.66 - North Cascades National Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.66 North Cascades...between the park boundary and the Cascade Pass Trailhead parking area. (2) The Stehekin Valley Road between the park...

2011-07-01

360

Division of Administration and Finance Parking and Transportation Services  

E-print Network

asphalt maintenance. Areas of these lots will be unavailable for parking during the repairsDivision of Administration and Finance Parking and Transportation Services Press Release AND PARKING LOT MAINTENANCE SCHEDULED Houston, June 25, 2013 ­ Parking and Transportation Services

Glasser, Adrian

361

36 CFR 7.44 - Canyonlands National Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Canyonlands National Park. 7.44 Section 7.44 Parks...INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.44 Canyonlands National Park. (a) Motorized Vehicle...

2013-07-01

362

36 CFR 7.44 - Canyonlands National Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Canyonlands National Park. 7.44 Section 7.44 Parks...INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.44 Canyonlands National Park. (a) Motorized Vehicle...

2012-07-01

363

36 CFR 7.44 - Canyonlands National Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Canyonlands National Park. 7.44 Section 7.44 Parks...INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.44 Canyonlands National Park. (a) Motorized Vehicle...

2010-07-01

364

36 CFR 7.44 - Canyonlands National Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Canyonlands National Park. 7.44 Section 7.44 Parks...INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.44 Canyonlands National Park. (a) Motorized Vehicle...

2011-07-01

365

2012-13 UT Basketball Parking Information Campus Parking: On weekdays, the majority of parking on campus requires a basketball  

E-print Network

DURING WEEKDAY BASKETBALL GAMES: The following parking areas will be designated for students with a valid *FACULTY & STAFF WORKING DURING WEEKDAY BASKETBALL GAMES: The following parking areas will be designated for faculty and staff with a valid parking permit who are working during basketball games: LOCATION AREA

Tennessee, University of

366

Everglades National Park Including Biscayne National Park. Activity Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to help elementary school children learn about the resources of the Everglades and Biscayne National Parks, this activity book includes information, puzzles, games, and quizzes. The booklet deals with concepts related to: (1) the seasons; (2) fire ecology; (3) water; (4) fish; (5) mammals; (6) mosquitos; (7) birds; (8) venomous snakes;…

Ruehrwein, Dick

367

The Access Almanac: Solar Parking Requirements  

E-print Network

charging electric cars. If the solar energy is being storedcars can feel green when they park in the shade of solarSolar canopies over parking lots can provide some of the electricity needed for these cars

Shoup, Donald

2012-01-01

368

Smart Parking Management Field Test: A Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) District Parking Demonstration  

Microsoft Academic Search

In almost every major city in the U.S. and internationally, parking problems are ubiquitous. It is well known that the limited availability of parking contributes to roadway congestion, air pollution, and driver frustration and that the cost of expanding traditional parking capacity is frequently prohibitive. However, less research has addressed the effect of insufficient parking at transit stations on transit

Susan Shaheen

2005-01-01

369

Smart Parking Management Pilot Project: A Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) District Parking Demonstration  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report presents early findings from an application of advanced parking technologies to maximize existing parking capacity at the Rockridge BART station, which was launched in December 2004 in the East San Francisco Bay Area. The smart parking system includes traffic sensors that count the number of vehicles entering and exiting the parking lots at the station. A reservation system

Susan Shaheen; Caroline J. Rodier; Amanda M. Eaken

2005-01-01

370

Application for Special Use Parking Permit Parking and Transportation Services EMPLOYEES ONLY  

E-print Network

of a personal vehicle to conduct University business and the specific parking areas the employee or departmentApplication for Special Use Parking Permit Parking and Transportation Services EMPLOYEES ONLY (657 or their designees will review and confirm special use parking permits annually or more frequently if necessary

de Lijser, Peter

371

Yosemite National Park National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior  

E-print Network

What are lichens? Yosemite National Park National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior interested in lichens? What is currently being done to study lichens in the park? There has never been biodiversity of lichens and other bryophytes. The National Park Service is partnering with the climbing

LeTourneau, Peter M.

372

Nature and Science at Canyonlands National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service (NPS) website highlights the environment and ecosystems found in Canyonlands National Park. Topics include animals in the park (amphibians, reptiles, birds, fish and mammals), plant life (cacti, grasses, lichens, mosses, liverworts, trees, shrubs and wildflowers), environmental factors (air quality, invasive species, endangered fish, noise pollution, peregrine falcons and bighorn sheep), and natural features (deserts, pools, rivers and stream, geology). Links are provided to downloadable brochures and reports on park research activities and additional information on wildlife and plants.

373

Exposure to organic solvents and its effects on the central nervous system in workers of the Camaçari petrochemical complex in Brazil.  

PubMed

While numerous studies have been carried out in industrialized countries, only very few epidemiologic investigations performed in developing countries are reported in the international literature. This study is one of the few examples of investigations carried out in a region where industrialization is at its beginning. A sample of 188 workers employed at the Camaçari Petrochemical Complex in Bahia, Brazil, and exposed for over five years to organic solvents was submitted to neurobehavioral testing (QQS questionnaire, MANS battery) together with a 1/1 control group paired for age, school attendance and alcohol consumption. The exposed subjects showed differences significantly worse at emotional status, manual dexterity, recognition memory and subjective symptoms. Exposed subjects are therefore characterized by decreased psychophysical well-being. PMID:9419828

Saretto, G; Oliveira, F C; Kato, M; Reis, E J; Castro, R C; Dorigatti, F; Camerino, D; Gilioli, R

1997-01-01

374

1.94-1.93 Ga charnockitic magmatism from the central part of the Guyana Shield, Roraima, Brazil: Single-zircon evaporation data and tectonic implications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Age and origin of the charnockitic rocks of the central part of the Guyana Shield have been a matter of discussion. These rocks have been interpreted either as Transamazonian granulites metamorphosed around 2.02 Ga or as 1.56 Ga old igneous charnockites. Recently, most of the Roraima charnockitic rocks have been recognized as igneous rocks and included into the Serra da Prata Suite (SPS). Five Pb-Pb single-zircon evaporation ages were obtained for samples representative of different facies of the SPS and these constrained the age of the charnockitic magmatism between 1943 ± 5 Ma and 1933 ± 2 Ma. This charnockitic magmatism may be related to a post-collisional setting after the evolution of the Cauarane-Coeroeni Belt (˜2.00 Ga), or may represent a post-collisional (or intracontinental?) magmatism related to orogenic activities along the plate margins around 1.95-1.94 Ga.

Fraga, Lêda Maria; Macambira, Moacir Jose Buenano; Dall'Agnol, Roberto; Costa, João Batista Sena

2009-04-01

375

NORTH PARK PHACELIA Conservation Action Plan  

E-print Network

NORTH PARK PHACELIA Conservation Action Plan 2011 Update North Park phacelia © Frank Weston Plant Panjabi, S. and B. Neely. 2011. North Park Phacelia Conservation Action Plan 2011 Update. Prepared Conservation Action Plan was developed in 2008 (Kram et al. 2008; available on-line at http

376

Traffic and Parking Services Financial Statements  

E-print Network

Traffic and Parking Services Financial Statements June 30, 2011 #12;FLORIDA ATLANTIC UNIVERSITY PARKING AND TRANSPORTATION SERVICES MANAGEMENT DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS JUNE 30, 2011 Our discussion revenue increased 6%. Traffic fines and parking fees and meters also contributed to the increase

Fernandez, Eduardo

377

Traffic and Parking Services Financial Statements  

E-print Network

Traffic and Parking Services Financial Statements June 30, 2012 #12;FLORIDA ATLANTIC UNIVERSITY PARKING AND TRANSPORTATION SERVICES MANAGEMENT DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS JUNE 30, 2012 Our discussion revenue increased 20%. Traffic fines and parking fees and meters also contributed to the increase

Fernandez, Eduardo

378

Camosun College Transportation and Parking Management Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The Camosun College Transportation and Parking Management (TPM) Project is a planning process to identify optimal solutions to campus transportation and parking problems. The TPM project identifies specific ways to improve transportation and parking management in order to create a more sustainable campus. The plan will be flexible and responsive to future demands and conditions. This TPM report describes

Todd Litman

379

Geology Fieldnotes: Isle Royale National Park, Michigan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service (NPS) website examines the geology of Isle Royale National Park in Michigan. It looks at the geologic history of this archipelago, beginning 1.2 billion years ago and progressing through volcanics, rock formations and copper deposits, to the Ice Age. There are links to park maps, visitor information, and additional resources.

380

"The Rosa Parks Story": Guide for Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks, a black seamstress, refused to give up her seat to a white man on a public bus in Montgomery, Alabama, and she was arrested. On that day, Rosa Parks became the mother of the modern civil rights movement. This study guide may be used as a companion to "The Rosa Parks Story" video which aired on CBS television…

Onish, Liane B.

381

Geology Fieldnotes: Kenai Fjords National Park, Alaska  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service (NPS) website examines the geology of Kenai Fjords National Park in Alaska. It highlights the glacier-carved valleys, 1964 Alaskan earthquake, nunataks (peaks), and wildlife of the park. There are links to visitor information, maps, and additional resources.

382

45 CFR 3.23 - Parking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...a lane, space, or area not designated by a sign for parking, and/or standing...visitor must park in an area identified for that purpose...such as “visitor parking” and “reserved for visitors...any other unpaved, area without the...

2011-10-01

383

SECTION ELEVEN Site Design Guidelines Parking  

E-print Network

.1 GUIDELINES A parking lot shall be defined as a paved area exis ng primarily for motor vehicle of the facility. Where very large parking areas are required, the lots shall: · Be designed as a series of smaller areas providing parking spaces. · Separated by areas planted in trees and grass. · Provide

Duchowski, Andrew T.

384

45 CFR 3.23 - Parking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...a lane, space, or area not designated by a sign for parking, and/or standing...visitor must park in an area identified for that purpose...such as “visitor parking” and “reserved for visitors...any other unpaved, area without the...

2012-10-01

385

45 CFR 3.23 - Parking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...a lane, space, or area not designated by a sign for parking, and/or standing...visitor must park in an area identified for that purpose...such as “visitor parking” and “reserved for visitors...any other unpaved, area without the...

2010-10-01

386

MILLERSVILLE UNIVERSITY PARKING REGULATIONS AND PROCEDURES  

E-print Network

and sanctions. 1.6 Physical parking facilities and areas are provided through the University Office of FinanceMILLERSVILLE UNIVERSITY PARKING REGULATIONS AND PROCEDURES 2012-2013 CONTENTS 1. General. Parking Permits 5.2 Commuting Student Permits 5.3 Evening Permits 5.4 Resident Student Permits 5

Hardy, Christopher R.

387

45 CFR 3.23 - Parking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...a lane, space, or area not designated by a sign for parking, and/or standing...visitor must park in an area identified for that purpose...such as “visitor parking” and “reserved for visitors...any other unpaved, area without the...

2013-10-01

388

Where Innovation Is Tradition Parking & Transportation  

E-print Network

& Transportation Advisory Committee · Faculty,staff, & student reps #12;Where Innovation Is Tradition Parking expenses with parking revenue and some student fee(about $88/student) · Overall budget nearly $15,000,000 annually #12;Where Innovation Is Tradition Parking & Transportation Budget · Expenses · Debt service-$6

389

Geology Fieldnotes: Acadia National Park, Maine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service website highlights the geology of Acadia National Park. The story begins 500 million years ago, and goes through rock cycles, formations (Ellsworth, Bar Harbor, and Cranberry formations), intrusions, the Ice Age, glacial features, and development of shore patterns. There are area and park maps, photos, and links to additional information.

390

78 FR 24323 - National Park Week, 2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proclamation 8961 of April 19, 2013 National Park Week, 2013 By the President of the United States...to be passed on. During National Park Week, we celebrate the wonders entrusted to...summon us to experience it firsthand. This week, the National Park Service will make...

2013-04-24

391

Queen's Parking Regulations for Motor Vehicles Message from the Manager  

E-print Network

Definitions Section 2 Jurisdiction Section 3 Parking Permit Information Section 4 - Parking Areas and Parking muscular, including motorcycles. NO PARKING AREA All University property, including roadways, grounds, and paved areas are No Parking Areas, unless signed to the contrary. PARKED Any motor vehicle, which

Graham, Nick

392

Parking for IMA patrons on Special Events Evenings: Women's Basketball  

E-print Network

in front of the IMA starting 3 hours prior to Tip-Off. The area will be reserved for Event Parking. Parking or in E12 (in designated areas). $8 Parking $8 Disability TYEE Parking ONLY E1 $8 TYEEONLY Padelford $8Parking for IMA patrons on Special Events Evenings: Women's Basketball There will be No parking

Washington at Seattle, University of

393

Designing Interactive Theme Park Rides  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pirates of the Caribbean-Battle for the Buccaneer Gold is an interactive theme park ride based on the classic Pirates of the Caribbean attraction at Disneyland. With themes and inspiration taken from the ride, this virtual interactive experience treats four guests to an overwhelming immersive adventure on the high seas. One guest steers at a real helm while the other three

Jesse Schell; Joe Shochet

2001-01-01

394

Young Eun Park Vanderbilt University  

E-print Network

in the Stroop Task: The effect of abrupt onsets. #12;2 CONFERENCE PRESENTATIONS Park, Y. E., Jung, H., & Cho, Y. (2009). Attentional capture by the color word in the Stroop task: The effect of abrupt onsets. S. (2011). Contents of the Attentional Set Revealed by the Negative Spatial Cueing Effect. 52nd

Tong, Frank

395

Egmont National Park, New Zealand  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The lush forests of Egmont National Park, on New Zealand's North Island, contrast with the pasturelands outside the circular park boundaries. The unique shape of the park results from its first protection in 1881, which specified that a forest reserve would extend in a 9.6 km radius from the summit of Mt. Taranaki (named Mt. Egmont by Captain Cook). The park covers about 33,500 hectares and Mt. Egmont stands at 2518 m. The volcano began forming 70,000 years ago, and last erupted in 1755. A series of montane habitats occur in procession up the flanks of the volcano-from rainforest, to shrubs, to alpine, and finally snow cover. Image STS110-726-6, was taken by Space Shuttle crewmembers on 9 April 2002 using a Hasselblad film camera. Image provided by the Earth Sciences and Image Analysis Laboratory at Johnson Space Center. Additional images taken by astronauts and cosmonauts can be viewed at the NASA-JSC Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth.

2002-01-01

396

JOHNSON PARK RUTGERS GOLF COURSE  

E-print Network

JOHNSON PARK RUTGERS GOLF COURSE MITCHELL AVE TOOLANST HOES LN MARIONCT HOES LN W GATES AVE RIVER RD TITSWORTHPL TAYLORRD BO W SERRD BEVIE R RD BRETT RD DAVIDSON RD LANDINGLN 18 18 ToRt287 54 64 51 P McCormick Hall Richardson Apartments Russell Apartments Johnson Apartments Waksman Greenhouse Civil

Hanson, Stephen José

397

Hospital Specialty Clinics Park Center  

E-print Network

Center Mental Health Complex Curative Blood Center Research Institute Research Park Center Fitness Center Entrance to Medical College of Wisconsin Eye Institute Sargeant Health Center Pavilion Children's Hospital* 18* 13 19* 1. Medical College of Wisconsin (MCW) A. Health Research Center B. MCW Medical Education

398

DIPLOSTOMOSIS IN NORTH PARK, COLORADO  

Microsoft Academic Search

The life cycle of Diplostoinuni spathaceuni (Rudobfi 1819), as it exists in North Park, Colorado, is elucidated. California gulls (Larus californicus), common mergansers (Mergus merganser) and Forster's terns (Sterna forsteri) act as definitive hosts. Two species of water snails, Phvsa gvrina and Lvnzneae elodes, act as first intermediate hosts with seven species of fish as second intermediate hosts: brassy minnows

ROBERT B. DAVIES; WALTER T. BURKHARDE; CHARLES P. HIBLER

1973-01-01

399

How to Park: Teen Drivers  

E-print Network

--those "love taps" can cost $400 or more to fix!). Still not sure how parking affects you? Males ages 15 WHiTE ­ Stop only long enough to pick up or drop off passengers. yEllOW ­ Stop only long enough

Das, Suman

400

Rosa Parks: The Movement Organizes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This biography for younger readers describes the life of Rosa Parks, the Alabama black woman whose refusal to give up her seat on a segregated bus helped establish the civil rights movement. The book is introduced by an overview of the movement by Andrew Young and a timeline indicating major historical events from 1954 through 1968. Highlights in…

Friese, Kai

401

Fishes of the Adirondack Park  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review of the ichthyology of the area of the Adirondack Park contained within the blue line centers on biological surveys of the six major watersheds of the study area done in 1930-1935. The total area of 9261 square miles contains 2000-3000 water bodies. The ichthyofauna consists of 96 forms, including four kinds of hybrids commonly produced and used in

1980-01-01

402

UV - RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK NC  

EPA Science Inventory

Brewer 087 is located in Research Triangle Park NC, measuring ultraviolet solar radiation. Irradiance and column ozone are derived from this data. Ultraviolet solar radiation is measured with a Brewer Mark IV, single-monochrometer, spectrophotometer manufactured by SCI-TEC Instru...

403

An exploration of the relationship between use of parks and access, park appeal, and communication effectiveness  

E-print Network

AN EXPLORATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN USE OF PARKS AND ACCESS, PARK APPEAL, AND COMMUNICATION EFFECTIVENESS A Dissertation by JAMIE RAE WALKER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2008 Major Subject: Recreation, Park and Tourism Sciences AN EXPLORATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN USE OF PARKS AND ACCESS, PARK APPEAL, AND COMMUNICATION...

Walker, Jamie Rae

2009-05-15

404

PARKING TIPS Parking is tight at the beginning of each semester  

E-print Network

. Parking areas that fill up earliest are: · EastDeckII · UnionDeck · Lot18(besideUnionDeck · Lot19,000parkingspacesavailableaway from center-campus, even during peak-use hours. Have a plan in mind for an alternate parking area­ 1 ­ PARKING TIPS Parking is tight at the beginning of each semester Expect parking to be at near

Howitt, Ivan

405

Alternative Transportation and Travel Information Technologies: Monitoring Parking Lot Conditions Over Three Summer Seasons at Acadia National Park  

Microsoft Academic Search

Executive Summary: Parking lots are an important transportation re- source of Acadia National Park, as they provide visitors convenient access to some of the most desirable destinations within the park. However, during the summer, parking at some of the most popular destinations is in short supply. Drivers often park vehicles outside designated parking spaces within the lots and along the

John J. Daigle; Carol A. Zimmerman

406

Tectonic and fluid inclusion constraints on the origin of quartz veins with giant crystals in the Tocantins structural province (Cristalândia, central Brazil)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Large, lens-shaped quartz veins between the Cristalândia and Pium settlements (Tocantins, Brazil) occur in a N-S-oriented, up to 3 km wide, dextral, orogen-parallel strike-slip shear zone. Formation PT conditions recorded by multiphase brine inclusions in quartz crystals from drusy cavities correspond to 280-400 °C and up to 300 MPa, as indicated by high-density CO 2 bubbles (up to 0.96 g/cm 3) observed in some brine inclusions. The estimated crystallization pressures correspond to approximately 10-12 km of overburden, assuming a lithostatic load. The high salinity brines (up to 48 wt%) cannot be correlated with halite-fractionated seawater due to the low Br concentrations. Similarly, the high salt concentrations cannot be attributed to magmatic fluid released during crystallization of a silicic magma at such great pressures. The brines likely were liberated from a hydrated oceanic crust and cover sediments of the Goiás Ocean, subducting beneath the Amazonian plate during the Neoproterozoic Brasiliano orogenic cycle. Fluids derived from the hydrated crust have been trapped in en échélon-arranged tension gashes during a superimposed transtensional/extensional orogenic stage.

Marko, František; Hurai, Vratislav; Dyda, Marian; Almeida, Gervalino; Prochaska, Walter; Thomas, Rainer

2006-07-01

407

the Javaés River Border of Araguaia National Park in Brazil  

E-print Network

Copyright © 2010 Paula Benevides de Morais et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Thirty-eight specimens of free-ranging Podocnemis expansa (Amazon turtle) and 22 of P. unifilis (Tracajá) were screened for yeast isolation from surface (plastron, skin, and nails), eye, and mouth cavity. A hundred and eighteen yeast isolates belonging to 39 species were obtained. Debaryomyces hansenii, Candida galli, C. sake,andRhodotorula mucilaginosa were the most frequent species isolated from these chelonians. Species diversity measured by Shannon’s index was shown to be low and a degree of dominance could be detected as species known as potential pathogens were commonly isolated. The effective number of species in plastron of P. expansa was higher than in mouth samples, but not in P. unifilis probably due to dietary factors. P. expansa animals were captured on the beaches, and the superficial yeast populations may include terrestrial species. P. unifilis animals were captured in the water and the yeasts from superficial sites may represent species from river water. 1.

Paula Benevides De Morais; Raphael Sanzio Pimenta; Inara Brito Tavares; Virginia De Garcia; Carlos Augusto Rosa

408

The vascular plant flora of Hopewell Culture National Historical Park. Ross County, Ohio  

USGS Publications Warehouse

HopewellCulture National Historical Park, a unit of the United States National Park Service located in Ross County in south central Ohio, was created to restore, protect, and interpret the legacy of the mound building Hopewell prehistoric peoples. The vascular flora of the park had been estimated to be only 20% known prior to the undertaking of this project. During the spring, summer, and fall of 1995, almost 700 plant specimens were collected by three investigators from five units of the park. Totals of 438 species, 281 genera, and 93 families of vascular plants were discovered, representing 40% of the flora of Ross County, and 17% of the flora of Ohio. Introduced species constituted 32% of the flora. Sixty-five species are new records for Ross County. Two species of special concern, Spiranthes ovalis and Eleocharis ovata, are on the state's threatened and endangered species list. The Hopewell unit had the highest plant diversity of the five units.

Bennett, J.P.; Course, J.E.

1996-01-01

409

Atmospheric mercury speciation in Yellowstone National Park  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Atmospheric concentrations of elemental mercury (Hg0), reactive gaseous Hg (RGM), and particulate Hg (pHg) concentrations were measured in Yellowstone National Park (YNP), U.S.A. using high resolution, real time atmospheric mercury analyzers (Tekran 2537A, 1130, and 1135). A survey of Hg0 concentrations at various locations within YNP showed that concentrations generally reflect global background concentrations of 1.5-2.0 ng m- 3, but a few specific locations associated with concentrated geothermal activity showed distinctly elevated Hg0 concentrations (about 9.0 ng m- 3). At the site of intensive study located centrally in YNP (Canyon Village), Hg0 concentrations did not exceed 2.5 ng m- 3; concentrations of RGM were generally below detection limits of 0.88 pg m- 3 and never exceeded 5 pg m- 3. Concentrations of pHg ranged from below detection limits to close to 30 pg m-3. RGM and pHg concentrations were not correlated with any criteria gases (SO2, NOx, O3); however pHg was weakly correlated with the concentration of atmospheric particles. We investigated three likely sources of Hg at the intensive monitoring site: numerous geothermal features scattered throughout YNP, re-suspended soils, and wildfires near or in YNP. We examined relationships between the chemical properties of aerosols (as measured using real time, single particle mass spectrometry; aerosol time-of-flight mass spectrometer; ATOFMS) and concentrations of atmospheric pHg. Based on the presence of particles with distinct chemical signatures of the wildfires, and the absence of signatures associated with the other sources, we concluded that wildfires in the park were the main source of aerosols and associated pHg to our sampling site. ?? 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Hall, B. D.; Olson, M. L.; Rutter, A. P.; Frontiera, R. R.; Krabbenhoft, D. P.; Gross, D. S.; Yuen, M.; Rudolph, T. M.; Schauer, J. J.

2006-01-01

410

A Quick Reference Guide to Parking The Parking Office is charged with managing the traffic and parking needs of the entire  

E-print Network

display a valid permit Parking on sidewalks or landscaped areas Blocking, moving, or parking within RowanA Quick Reference Guide to Parking The Parking Office is charged with managing the traffic and parking needs of the entire University community. To do this, we need your cooperation. Please take a few

Rusu, Adrian

411

Species in Parks: Flora and Fauna Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Information Center of the Environment and the US National Park Service (NPS) have developed a "preliminary" data base of vascular plants and vertebrates located on National Park Service Lands. Although the database is not a complete list of species residing on NPS lands, it contains relatively complete lists for both small and large parks. Users can search for plants and animals by species or park name. Within each park, one can search a list of species by taxa (e.g., birds, mammals, fish, etc.) and then learn in what other parks that species is found. Links to the home pages for all NPS property (from American Samoa to Zion National Park) are featured. Both plant and animal databases are available for downloading for Windows or DOS users (.exe).

1997-01-01

412

The Geologic Story of Canyonlands National Park  

USGS Publications Warehouse

On September 12, 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed an act of Congress establishing Canyonlands as our thirty second national park, the first addition to the park system since 1956. The birth of Canyonlands National Park was not without labor pains. In the 1930's virtually all the vast canyon country between Moab, Utah, and Grand Canyon, Ariz., was studied for a projected Escalante National Park. But Escalante failed to get off the ground, even when a second attempt was made in the 1950's. Not until another proposal had been made and legislative compromises had been worked out did the park materialize, this time under a new name - Canyonlands. Among the many dignitaries who witnessed the signature on September 12 was one of the men most responsible for the park's creation, park superintendent Bates E. Wilson, who did the pioneer spade work in the field.

Lohman, Stanley William

1974-01-01

413

Energetics and Cooling in Urban Parks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While there has been a long tradition for the integration of architecture and landscape to improve the urban environment, little is known about the effect of urban parks on local climate. In this study the park effect is determined through an integrated research approach incorporating field measurements of the thermal regime and energetics of urban parks, together with scale modelling of nocturnal cooling in urban parks. The research is limited to consideration of the park effect in two cities with different summer climates: Sacramento, California (hot summer Mediterranean) and Vancoucer, British Columbia (cool summer Mediterranean). In both these cities, surveys of summer-time air temperature patterns associated with urban parks confirm and extend previous findings. In temperate Vancouver, the park effect is typically 1-2^circC, rarely more than 3^circC, although it can be higher under ideal conditions. However, in a hot, dry city, the effect is considerably enhanced with parks as much as 5-7^circC cooler than their urban surrounds. A comparison of the surface energy balance of small open, grassed parks in these two cities demonstrated the importance of evapotranspiration in park energetics. In hot, dry Sacramento, evaporation in the park was advectively -assisted and exceeded that at an irrigated rural site. Strong advective edge effects on evaporation were observed in this wet park. These decayed approximately exponentially with distance into the park. The urban park in Vancouver was moist, but unirrigated. While evaporation dominated the surface energy balance, the sensible heat flux was positive through most of the day, and evaporation was not strongly influenced by advection. The evaporation trend in the park probably reflected the turbulence and soil moisture regimes. However, an irrigated lawn in Vancouver did exhibit edge-type advection. This suggests the soil moisture regime may be critical in determining whether evaporation exceeds the potential rate. The contribution of processes to nocturnal cooling in urban parks was determined through scale modelling. It showed that surface geometry and the urban-park difference in thermal admittance may be of equal importance in nocturnal cooling. Parks with high sky view factors have increased radiative cooling and if the park is very dry (and therefore has a low thermal admittance), the cooling is furthered enhanced. Evaporative cooling is critical in establishing the park as a "cool island" at sunset, but the presence of moisture slows cooling through the night. Integration of the field and model data leads to the development of guidelines for planners regarding the design of parks for maximum climatic benefit. The optimum size of the park depends to a large extent, on the geometry of the urban surrounds. To maximize radiative cooling, the width of open park areas should be at least 7.5 times the height of the trees or buildings around the park border. Larger parks increase the size of the volume of air cooled and this increases the potential for advection of cool air into the neighbourhood. It suggested that if cooling is the objective, the optimum design is a savannah -type park with loose clusters of trees interspersed by wide open, irrigated grass. The arrangement of trees must be chosen with great care to allow the advection of air both into, and out of, the park.

Spronken-Smith, Rachel Anne

414

National Park Service Web Cameras  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Park Service (NPS) operates digital cameras at many parks in the lower 48 states, Alaska, and Hawaii to help educate the public on air quality issues. These cameras often show the effects of air pollution, especially visibility impairment. Because the cameras are typically located near air quality monitoring sites, their web pages display other information along with the photo, such as current levels of ozone, particulate matter, or sulfur dioxide, visual range, and weather conditions. The digital photos are usually updated every 15 minutes, while air quality data values are revised hourly. Charts of the last ten days of hourly weather, ozone, particulate matter, or sulfur dioxide data are also available. The cameras are accessible by clicking on an interactive map.

415

Buddingtonite in Menlo Park, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The mineral buddingtonite, named after A.F. Buddington, long-time professor of petrology at Princeton University, was first identified at the Sulfur Bank mine in Lake County, California (Erd and others, 1964). The ammonium feldspar was recognized in Menlo Park, California, in 1964 by the author, with Erd's help, shortly before publication of the original description of the new mineral. Subsequently, buddingtonite has been widely recognized in hydrothermal mineral deposits and has been used in remote-sensing applications by the mineral industry. Buddingtonite also has been identified in the Phosphoria Formation and in oil shales of the Green River Formation. This paper briefly describes the geologic setting and mineralogy of the occurrences of buddingtonite and other ammonium-bearing minerals in the vicinity of Menlo Park.

Pampeyan, Earl H.

2010-01-01

416

HUSTON PARK ROADLESS AREA, WYOMING.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A probable resource potential for the occurrence of metallic mineral resources in stratiform sulfide deposits is assigned to areas in the northern and southeastern parts of the Huston Park Roadless Area, Wyoming. These areas are underlain by volcanic rock successions favorable for stratiform sulfide deposits. However, no indication of mineralized rock was identified during a mineral survey. Study of granites of the southern Sierra Madre are needed to determine whether or not they have promise as a source of tin and tungsten.

Houston, Robert, S.; Lane, Michael, E.

1984-01-01

417

Coordinating OBS Parks in Europe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Within Europe there are more than 380 Ocean Bottom Seismometers (OBS) distributed across 10 instrument parks in 6 countries. At least 120 of these OBS are wideband or broadband, over 260 can be deployed for at least 6 months at a time and 140 for at least one year. New parks are planned in two other European countries, which should add over 70 OBSs to this "fleet". However, these parks are under the control of individual countries or universities and hence to date this has made it difficult to organize large-scale experiments, especially for seismologists without marine experience. There has recently been an initiative to coordinate the use of these distributed instruments and their data products, to encourage large-scale experiments, possibly with onshore and offshore components, by seismologists who have not necessarily used OBSs before. The ongoing or planned developments include: Helping scientists with marine-specific formalities such as ship requests; clearer explanations of the noise floors of OBS instrumentation; improved clarity of instrument pricing and availability; standardized data output formats and data validation; and archiving in established seismological data centers. These efforts should allow improved experiment design in scientifically interesting regions with an offshore component and an easier, clearer way to organize large-scale, multi-country experiments. We will present details of this initiative to help organize large-scale experiments, the particularities of OBS sensors and marine deployments, the available instrumentation and new developments.

Crawford, W.; Brisbourne, A.; D'Anna, G.; Flüh, E. R.; Galve, A.; Graindorge, D.; Harmon, N.; Henstock, T.; Klingelhöfer, F.; Mangano, G.; Matias, L.; Peirce, C.; Sallares, V.; Schmidt-Aursch, M.; Tilmann, F.; Voss, P.

2012-04-01

418

Parking, energy consumption and air pollution.  

PubMed

This paper examines the impacts of different ways of parking on environmental effects, mainly vehicle emissions and air pollution. Vehicle energy consumption and the urban air quality at street level, related to location and design of parking establishments, need to be assessed and quantified. In addition, the indoor parking environment needs attention. This paper gives a description of a methodological approach when comparing different parking establishments. The paper also briefly describes a Swedish attempt to create methods and models for assessing and quantifying such problem. The models are the macrolevel model BRAHE, for regional traffic exhaust emission, and the micromodel SimPark, a parking search model attempt combined with emission models. Until now, very limited knowledge exists regarding the various aspects of vehicle parking and environmental effects in the technical field as well as in the social and human behaviour aspects. This requires an interdisciplinary approach to this challenging area for research, development and more directly practically implemented surveys and field studies. In order to illustrate the new evaluation methodology, the paper also contains some results from a pilot study in Stockholm. Given certain assumptions, a study of vehicle emissions from parking in an underground garage compared with kerbside parking has given an emission reduction of about 40% in favour of the parking garage. This study has been done using the models mentioned above. PMID:15504491

Höglund, Paul G

2004-12-01

419

75 FR 20859 - Notice of Realty Action, Independence National Historical Park, Pennsylvania and Valley Forge...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service Notice of Realty Action, Independence National Historical Park, Pennsylvania and Valley Forge National Historical Park, Pennsylvania AGENCY: National Park Service,...

2010-04-21

420

Impact of Urban Parks on the Climatic Pattern of Mendoza's Metropolitan Area, in Argentina  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mendoza's Metropolitan Area (MMA), in central-western Argentina, is the result of a development model where the man-made environment and the natural one conform an intermingled mosaic, resulting in a strong insertion of green open spaces in the city. In this context, the open spaces: parks, squares and urban forests significantly modify the climatic pattern of the built environment. In this

Erica Correa; Claudia Martínez; Graciela Lesino; Carlos de Rosa; Alicia Cantón

421

Wireless Ad Hoc Discovery of Parking Meters1 P. Basu and T.D.C. Little  

E-print Network

using image processing methods and then sharing that information via a centralized wired or wireless to both simplify the process of parking and find collection as well as extending the convenience infrastructure such as cellular or satellite networks. In this work, we model a PMNET as a special class of ad

422

Congo Peafowl use both primary and regenerating forest in Salonga National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Congo Peafowl Afropavo congensis is a little-known species endemic to the Democratic Republic of Congo. A central question in assessing its conservation status is the degree to which it uses secondary forest. Here, we measure relative use of two contiguous forest blocks in Salonga National Park, one patch of primary forest and another of secondary forest that has been

M Mulotwa; M Louette; A Dudu; A Upoki; R A Fuller

2010-01-01

423

Mapping success in protecting forests For Costa Rica's parks and reserves, a threatened location is  

E-print Network

Mapping success in protecting forests For Costa Rica's parks and reserves, a threatened location scarce conservation resources. Now, findings from Costa Rica suggest key criteria. In this Central's impact on deforestation varies with observable characteristics In Costa Rica, for instance, most

Pfaff, Alex

424

Assessing Channel Change and Bank Stability Downstream From Hog Park Reservoir, Medicine Bow National Forest, Wyoming  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transbasin diversions in the arid and semi-arid West play an important role in the complicated story of water provisions and channel adjustments due to changes in flow regime. Analysis of geomorphic form and function is necessary for water resource managers to effectively support their needs while minimizing resource impacts. Hog Park Creek, in south central Wyoming, is a subalpine channel

L. Gilliam; E. Wohl

2008-01-01

425

Centralized fleet management system for cybernetic transportation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we present a centralized fleet management system (CFMS) for cybernetic vehicles called cybercars. Cybercars are automatically guided vehicles for passenger transport on dedicated networks like amusement parks, shopping centres etc. The users make reservations for the vehicles through phone, internet, kiosk etc and the CFMS schedules the cybercars to pick the users at their respective stations at

Anjali Awasthi; Satyaveer Singh Chauhan; Michel Parent; Jean-Marie Proth

2011-01-01

426

National Park Service, Nature & Science: Teacher Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Park Service has developed this exemplary set of educational resources which draws on their greatest assets, namely national parks from Maine to Utah. The materials are specifically designed for teaching geology, but it's easy to see how these items could be incorporated into general science classes. The main area on their homepage features over a dozen teacher guides and park programs that feature detailed geology lessons that draw on the landscapes of Yosemite National Park and the dynamic volcanoes of Hawaii. On the right side of the page, visitors can scan through the "Highlights" area to learn more about online park images, park maps, and even peruse a calendar of upcoming educator workshops. The site is rounded out by the "Geology Books and Media" area, which features information about technical reports, textbooks, and geology-themed children's books.

427

CENTRAL AVENUE CENTRAL AVENUE  

E-print Network

Mexican food. Mon.­Fri., 7 am­6 pm Sat., 8 am­2 pm; Sun., 9 am­2 pm 9 Home Run Pizza 1627 Central Avenue-7591 Breakfast burritos, hamburgers, and New Mexican food. Tues.­Fri., 6 am­1 pm Sat., 7 am­noon Closed Sunday salads and sandwiches. Daily, 6 am­12 am NOT SHOWN ON MAP 22 De Colores at the Gate 2470 East Road 662

428

CENTRAL AVENUE CENTRAL AVENUE  

E-print Network

am­3 pm Sat.­Sun., 7 am­3 pm 8 El Parasol 1903 Central Avenue 661-0303 Native New Mexican food. Mon, hamburgers, and New Mexican food. Tues.­Fri., 6 am­1 pm Sat., 7 am­noon Closed Sunday & Monday 11 Sonic Drive NOT SHOWN ON MAP 22 De Colores at the Gate 2470 East Road 662-6285 Native New Mexican cuisine, grilled

429

Geology Fieldnotes: Theodore Roosevelt National Park, North Dakota  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Theodore Roosevelt National Park site contains park geology information, park maps, photographs, related links, visitor information, and teacher features (resources for teaching geology with National Park examples). The park geology section discusses the Park's geologic history and the region's role in shaping Theodore Roosevelt's conservation efforts while he was President. The section also contains a link to information on the geology of Theodore Roosevelt National Park. The park maps section contains an area map as well as two maps detailing the North and South Units of the Park.

430

41 CFR 102-74.270 - Are vehicles required to display parking permits in parking facilities?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Property Management Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION REAL PROPERTY 74-FACILITY MANAGEMENT Facility Management Parking Facilities § 102-74.270 Are vehicles required to display parking permits in...

2011-01-01

431

Geology Fieldnotes: Arches National Park, Utah  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This park is located on the Colorado Plateau near Moab, Utah, and contains many arches and sculpted sedimentary rocks. The visible rock formations in the park are the Entrada and Navajo sandstones. Covered topics include the formation of arches in stages, different types of arches, as well as sizes and names (Delicate Arch being the most famous). The site also provides visitor information, photos, maps, additional links, and a teacher feature (tools for teaching geology with National Park examples).

Foos, Annabelle

432

An analysis of Utah State Park visitors  

E-print Network

AN ANALYSIS OF UTAH STATE PARK VISITORS A PROFESSIONAL PAPER by DENNIS C. BURNS Submitted to the College of Agriculture of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF AGRICULTURE December..., 1988 Major Subject: Recreation and Resources Development Department of Recreation and Parks AN ANALYSIS OF UTAH STATE PARK VISITORS A PROFESSIONAL PAPER by DENNIS C. BURNS Approved as to style and content by: Dr. Ronald A. Kaiser Chairman...

Burns, Dennis C.

2012-06-07

433

updated August 1, 2012 -Motorcycle Parking  

E-print Network

44 28 20 13 2525 16 26 5250 51 53 9C 42 38R 38R 3D 3B 3A 4 3E 46 46 9A32 33 30 31 46 19 33T LOT 38F Parking - Metered Parking Campus Districts Academics Athletics Residence Halls R&D Park Health Services Union CRU Andros Center RAN Zeta Hall RZE Eta Hall RET Mu Hall RMU University Police UPB Campus Business

Meyers, Steven D.

434

USGS Repeat Photography Project: Glacier National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This project, conducted by the United States Geological Survey (USGS), documents changes over time in the landscape of Glacier National Park, particularly the retreat of the park's glaciers. The project involves pairing historic photos from the park's archives with recent photos to illustrate how the landscape has changed. Users can view and download the photos in pairs with dates and a caption describing the scene and the changes that have taken place.

2010-11-22

435

Discovery Park's Office of Engagement Impact Summary/Summer 2008  

E-print Network

Discovery Park's Office of Engagement Impact Summary/Summer 2008 Discovery Park's Office-time. The Associate Director's appointment is shared and spans Discovery Park, the Purdue Research Parks, and the Office of Engagement. Thus, the intent of this role is to connect Discovery Park activities

Holland, Jeffrey

436

Geology Fieldnotes: Death Valley National Park, California/Nevada  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Death Valley National Park site contains park geology information, park maps, photographs, visitor information, and teacher features (resources for teaching geology using National Park examples). The Park Geology section contains an exaggerated cross-section showing the vertical rise within Death Valley. A link is provided to Death Valley's expanded geology page.

437

THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE AT KNOXVILLE PARKING AND TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION  

E-print Network

of the restricted/reserved lots. In areas with parking limited by time such as Circle Park (45 minutes), anyone of the vehicle. · The T-Access paratransit service can pick-up from all parking areas, although this may require parking is available in the parking area west of Perkins. #12;· The 11th Street Garage is available

Tennessee, University of

438

Mycorrhizae from Denali National Park and Preserve, Alaska  

Microsoft Academic Search

Roots of 40 taxa of higher plants (Pteridophyta, Spermatophyta) from two alpine study sites in Denali National Park and Preserve\\u000a in central Alaska were examined for their mycorrhizal colonization. We observed ectomycorrhizae on six species: Betula\\u000a nana, Salix\\u000a reticulata, Salix\\u000a polaris, Salix\\u000a arctica, Polygonum\\u000a viviparum, and Dryas\\u000a octopetala. Seven taxa, Cassiope\\u000a tetragona, Empetrum\\u000a nigrum, Ledum\\u000a palustre subsp. decumbens, Ledum\\u000a palustre

R. Treu; G. A. Laursen; S. L. Stephenson; J. C. Landolt; R. Densmore

1995-01-01

439

[Annotated list of the plants of the Tortuguero National Park].  

PubMed

The floodplains of Tortuguero, in northeastern Costa Rica, stand as one of the richest plant-species regions in Central America. In this paper, we present the annotated check-list of vascular plants that are present within the rainforest of Tortuguero National Park (TNP), a 26 604h land that protects most of the biological diversity of these plains. Our list resulted from collections made in 2012, as well as the examination of material mantained at the Herbarium of the National Biodiversity Institute of Costa Rica, INBio (ATTA Database) and in the TROPICOS database. A total of 732 vascular plant species included in 413 genera are known to the Park. Two of these species have limited distributions and are endemic to Costa Rica: Pseuderanthemum pittieri (Acanthaceae) and Paullinia austin-smithii (Sapindaceae). Ninety species have known ethnobotanical uses. The high diversity in plant species reported here for the forest environments of Tortuguero contrasts with the low species diversity previously reported in the palm-swamps that characterize the riverine habitats within the Park. PMID:24459756

Hurtado-Hernández, Priscilla M; González-Ramírez, José A

2013-09-01

440

Parking Functions And Generalized Catalan Numbers  

E-print Network

to parking preferences of i and the (at most one) diagonal step at position i corresponds to a block on i, this means that, if we translate the path into a parking function, we have at least i preferences and blocks less than i (for all i ? n). Thus, the Schr... to parking preferences of i and the (at most one) diagonal step at position i corresponds to a block on i, this means that, if we translate the path into a parking function, we have at least i preferences and blocks less than i (for all i ? n). Thus, the Schr...

Schumacher, Paul R.

2010-01-14

441

75 FR 20885 - National Park Week, 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proclamation 8498--National Park Week, 2010 Proclamation 8499--National Crime Victims' Rights Week, 2010 Proclamation 8500--National Volunteer Week, 2010 Proclamation 8501--National Day of Service and...

2010-04-21

442

Tourism climatology for camping: a case study of two Ontario parks (Canada)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Climate and weather act as central motivators for the travel decisions of tourists. Due to their seasonality, these factors determine the availability and quality of certain outdoor recreational activities. Park visitation in Ontario, Canada, has been identified as a weather sensitive tourism and recreation activity. This study used a survey-based approach to identify and compare stated weather preferences and thresholds, as well as weather-related decision-making for campers at two provincial parks in Ontario, Canada. The two parks were selected for differing physical and environmental characteristics (forested lake versus coastal beach). Statistically significant differences were detected between the two parks in relation to the importance of weather and weather-based decision-making. Specific temperatures that were considered ideal and thresholds that were too cool and too warm were identified for both parks, both during the day and the night. Heavy rain and strong winds were the most influential factors in weather-related decision-making and on-site behavioural adaptations. Beach campers placed greater importance on the absence of rain and the presence of comfortable temperatures compared to forest campers. In addition, beach campers were more likely to leave the park early due to incremental weather changes. The results of this study suggest that beach campers are more sensitive to weather than forest campers.

Hewer, Micah J.; Scott, Daniel; Gough, William A.

2014-08-01

443

Parks as Resources for Knowledge in Science (PARKS) National Program Evaluation Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document evaluates the Parks as Resources for Knowledge in Science (PARKS) project which supports environmental education in 36 National Parks across the United States and provides curriculum-based learning opportunities that integrate National Science Education Standards for teachers and students. Contents include: (1) "Executive…

Wiltz, L. Kate

444

Parking for admissions interviews The Office of Undergraduate Admissions has two parking  

E-print Network

. municiPal garages B (at Second Street, between River and Hudson) D (at 215 Hudson Street, between Second/transportation-parking/municipal-parking-garages/. From each garage, go to Hudson Street and turn right. At Fourth Street, you will come to a park. Cut

Yang, Eui-Hyeok

445

Smart Parking Management Pilot Project: A Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) District Parking Demonstration  

E-print Network

AND HIGHWAYS CALIFORNIA PATH PROGRAM INSTITUTE OF TRANSPORTATION STUDIES UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY SMARTsmart parking management contractor, ParkingCarma TM worked with California Partners for Advanced Transit and Highways (Smart Park proposal for the Santa Clara Valley Transit Authority (VTA) along Highway

Shaheen, Susan; Rodier, Caroline; Eaken, Amanda M.

2005-01-01

446

Smart Parking Management Field Test: A Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) District Parking Demonstration; Final Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report presents an evaluation of the first transit-based smart parking project in the U.S. at the San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) District station in Oakland, California. The report begins with a review of the smart parking literature; next the smart parking field test is described including its capital, operational, and maintenance costs; then the results of the

Caroline J. Rodier; Susan A. Shaheen; Charlene Kemmerer

2008-01-01

447

Smart Parking Management Pilot Project: A Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) District Parking Demonstration  

E-print Network

smart parking management contractor, ParkingCarma TM worked with California Partners for Advanced Transit and Highways (AND HIGHWAYS CALIFORNIA PATH PROGRAM INSTITUTE OF TRANSPORTATION STUDIES UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY SMARTSmart Park proposal for the Santa Clara Valley Transit Authority (VTA) along Highway

Shaheen, Susan; Rodier, Caroline J.; Eaken, Amanda M.

2005-01-01

448

Smart Parking Management Field Test: A Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) District Parking Demonstration  

E-print Network

smart parking management contractor, ParkingCarma TM worked with California Partners for Advanced Transit and Highways (Smart Park proposal for the Santa Clara Valley Transit Authority (VTA) along Highwayon Highway 24 and decide to take BART en-route. The smart

Shaheen, Susan

2005-01-01

449

CrowdPark: A Crowdsourcing-based Parking Reservation System for Mobile Phones  

E-print Network

}@cs.umass.edu§ , {baik.hoh, ken.tracton, toch.iwuchukwu, juong-sik.lee}@nokia.com ABSTRACT Parking in crowded urban areas time. 1. INTRODUCTION Parking in crowded urban areas is a precious resource and drivers spend York City, in particular, have a pressing problem due to limited parking in downtown areas, both

Shenoy, Prashant

450

Development of Models for Park Rangers' Perceived Isolation of National Park Service Areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Asurvey of U.S. National Park Service (NPS) rangers examined perceived isolation, personality, and organizational variables. Park areas in a variety of isolated and nonisolated settings were sampled. Statistical indices in this study address issues of isolation previously noted as important in NPS areas. Indices relating to park distance from small urban areas reflect substantial elements of perceived isolation ratings. Models

Barrett Caldwell

1990-01-01

451

The parks PDA: a handheld device for theme park guests in squeak  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Parks PDA is a lightweight, handheld device for theme park guests that functions as a combination guidebook, map, and digital camera. Together with a small team of artists and designers, we created a prototype Parks PDA and content for a three hour guest experience, including a camera interface, a hyper-linked guide book, three games, an animal spotters guide, a

Yoshiki Ohshima; John Maloney; Andy Ogden

2003-01-01

452

National Park Service: The Condition of Lodging Facilities Varies among Selected Parks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Park Service offers visitors to our national parks a variety of overnight lodging accommodations including deluxe, mid-scale, and economy rooms. In some cases, these are the only lodging facilities located in or near a park. Concessioners man...

1998-01-01

453

Water Resources Management Plan: Arches National Park & Canyonlands National Park, Utah  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Park Service recognizes the importance of preserving, conserving, and protecting water resources within its boundaries. Water resources, whether as large as the Colorado River or as small as a seep in Ernie's Country of Canyonlands National Park, play a distinctive role in linking ecosystems and , in general, provide habitat for a number of organisms. To protect park

Lynn Cudlip; Kevin Berghoff; David Vana-Miller

1999-01-01

454

Geologic Map of the Shenandoah National Park Region, Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The geology of the Shenandoah National Park region of Virginia was studied from 1995 to 2008. The focus of the study was the park and surrounding areas to provide the National Park Service with modern geologic data for resource management. Additional geologic data of the adjacent areas are included to provide regional context. The geologic map can be used to support activities such as ecosystem delineation, land-use planning, soil mapping, groundwater availability and quality studies, aggregate resources assessment, and engineering and environmental studies. The study area is centered on the Shenandoah National Park, which is mostly situated in the western part of the Blue Ridge province. The map covers the central section and western limb of the Blue Ridge-South Mountain anticlinorium. The Skyline Drive and Appalachian National Scenic Trail straddle the drainage divide of the Blue Ridge highlands. Water drains northwestward to the South Fork of the Shenandoah River and southeastward to the James and Rappahannock Rivers. East of the park, the Blue Ridge is an area of low relief similar to the physiography of the Piedmont province. The Great Valley section of the Valley and Ridge province is west of Blue Ridge and consists of Page Valley and Massanutten Mountain. The distribution and types of surficial deposits and landforms closely correspond to the different physiographic provinces and their respective bedrock. The Shenandoah National Park is underlain by three general groups of rock units: (1) Mesoproterozoic granitic gneisses and granitoids, (2) Neoproterozoic metasedimentary rocks of the Swift Run Formation and metabasalt of the Catoctin Formation, and (3) siliciclastic rocks of the Lower Cambrian Chilhowee Group. The gneisses and granitoids mostly underlie the lowlands east of Blue Ridge but also rugged peaks like Old Rag Mountain (996 meter). Metabasalt underlies much of the highlands, like Stony Man (1,200 meters). The siliciclastic rocks underlie linear ridges from 800 to 400 meters in altitude. The Page Valley is underlain by Cambrian and Ordovician carbonate rocks. Siliciclastic rocks are mostly west of the South Fork of the Shenandoah River and underlie Massanutten Mountain. Surficial deposits in the highlands include colluvium and debris fans. The lowlands have broad alluvial fans, alluvial plains, and fluvial terraces. Ridges underlain by siliciclastic rocks have abundant boulder fields. Numerous sinkholes and caves are due to the dissolution of the carbonate bedrock.

Southworth, Scott; Aleinikoff, John N.; Bailey, Christopher M.; Burton, William C.; Crider, E. A.; Hackley, Paul C.; Smoot, Joseph P.; Tollo, Richard P.

2009-01-01

455

University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy -v2.0.docx University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy  

E-print Network

in an available space in designated staff parking areas. A permit or voucher does not guarantee a car parking to search for and park in an available priority or standard space in designated staff parking areas. A permit entitles students to search for and park in an available space in designated areas matching

Levi, Ran

456

SmartParking: A Secure and Intelligent Parking System Using NOTICE Gongjun Yan, Stephan Olariu, Michele C. Weigle, Mahmoud Abuelela  

E-print Network

SmartParking: A Secure and Intelligent Parking System Using NOTICE Gongjun Yan, Stephan Olariu, Michele C. Weigle, Mahmoud Abuelela Abstract-- Parking is costly and limited in almost every major city, called SmartParking, is a service- oriented intelligent parking system through which drivers can view

Weigle, Michele

457

Amphibians of Olympic National Park  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Amphibians evolved from fishes about 360 million years ago and were the first vertebrates adapted to life on land. The word amphibian means "double life." It refers to the life history of many amphibians, which spend part of their life in water and part on land. There are three major groups of amphibians: salamanders, frogs, and toads, and caecilians. Salamanders, frogs, and toads can be found in Olympic National Park (ONP), but caecilians live only in tropical regions. Many amphibians are generalist predators, eating almost any prey they can fit into their mouths.

2000-01-01

458

Jurassic Park Institute: Dino Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created as a "science-based and educationally focused program," the Jurassic Park Institute (JPI) aims to provide "kids, families, educators and scientists with the ultimate resource for dinosaur learning and fun." As would be expected from a project of Universal Studios, the JPI Dino Lab Web site is packed with cool computer animation and other multimedia features. Visitors to this site become virtual dinosaur paleontologists, interpreting discoveries and solving problems along the way. Educators can register for JPI Dino Lab's free Teacher Resources, which includes lesson plans, assessment tools, and teaching strategy tips. This site is best accessed with a high-speed connection.

459

Synthesis of thirty years of surface water quality and aquatic biota data in Shenandoah National Park: collaboration between the US Geological Survey and the National Park Service  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The eastern United States has been the recipient of acidic atmospheric deposition (hereinafter, “acid rain”) for many decades. Deleterious effects of acid rain on natural resources have been well documented for surface water (e.g., Likens et al. 1996; Stoddard et al. 2001), soils (Bailey et al. 2005), forest health (Long et al. 2009), and habitat suitability for stream biota (Baker et al. 1993). Shenandoah National Park (SNP) is located in northern and central Virginia and consists of a long, narrow strip of land straddling the Blue Ridge Mountains (Figure 1). The park’s elevated topography and location downwind of the Ohio River valley, where many acidic emissions to the atmosphere are generated (NSTC 2005), have made it a target for acid rain. Characterizing the link between air quality and water quality as related to acid rain, contaminants, soil conditions, and forest health is a high priority for research and monitoring in SNP. The US Geological Survey (USGS) and SNP have had a long history of collaboration on documenting acid rain effects on the park’s natural resources, starting in 1985 and continuing to the present (Lynch and Dise 1985; Rice et al. 2001, 2004, 2005, 2007; Deviney et al. 2006, 2012; Jastram et al. 2013).

Rice, Karen C.; Jastram, John D.; Wofford, John E.B.; Schaberl, James P.

2014-01-01

460

Discovery Park Impact International Breast Cancer & Nutrition (IBCN) Project  

E-print Network

Discovery Park Impact International Breast Cancer & Nutrition (IBCN) Project NEED The development assistance with proposals, budgets, communication tools, and many details. RESOLUTION Discovery Park provides with other Purdue expertise. IMPACTS Discovery Park is the infrastructure supporting the creation of several

Holland, Jeffrey

461

36 CFR 7.54 - Theodore Roosevelt National Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Theodore Roosevelt National Park. 7.54 Section 7.54 ...Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR...SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.54 Theodore...

2010-07-01

462

36 CFR 7.11 - Saguaro National Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Saguaro National Park. 7.11 Section 7.11 ...Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR...SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.11 Saguaro...

2010-07-01

463

36 CFR 14.10 - Areas of National Park System.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Areas of National Park System. 14.10 Section 14...Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR...Interest § 14.10 Areas of National Park System. (a) The...

2010-07-01

464

36 CFR 7.47 - Carlsbad Caverns National Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Carlsbad Caverns National Park. 7.47 Section 7.47 ...Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR...SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.47 Carlsbad...

2010-07-01

465

36 CFR 7.39 - Mesa Verde National Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Mesa Verde National Park. 7.39 Section 7.39 ...Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR...SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.39 Mesa...

2010-07-01

466

32 CFR 855.16 - Parking and storage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Landing Permits § 855.16 Parking and storage. The...purpose of use authorized. Parking and storage may be permitted...are Air Force aero clubs, parking and storage privileges may be permitted in the area designated for aero...

2011-07-01

467

32 CFR 855.16 - Parking and storage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Landing Permits § 855.16 Parking and storage. The...purpose of use authorized. Parking and storage may be permitted...are Air Force aero clubs, parking and storage privileges may be permitted in the area designated for aero...

2010-07-01

468

32 CFR 855.16 - Parking and storage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Landing Permits § 855.16 Parking and storage. The...purpose of use authorized. Parking and storage may be permitted...are Air Force aero clubs, parking and storage privileges may be permitted in the area designated for aero...

2012-07-01

469

32 CFR 636.30 - Stopping, standing and parking.  

...by signs, as a “No Parking” area. (8) Along a roadway...is authorized in housing areas unless otherwise posted. (11) Parking is prohibited upon lawns...occupancy in the quarters area. Parking of recreational...

2014-07-01

470

32 CFR 636.30 - Stopping, standing and parking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...by signs, as a “No Parking” area. (8) Along a roadway...is authorized in housing areas unless otherwise posted. (11) Parking is prohibited upon lawns...occupancy in the quarters area. Parking of recreational...

2013-07-01

471

32 CFR 855.16 - Parking and storage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Landing Permits § 855.16 Parking and storage. The...purpose of use authorized. Parking and storage may be permitted...are Air Force aero clubs, parking and storage privileges may be permitted in the area designated for aero...

2013-07-01

472

32 CFR 855.16 - Parking and storage.  

...Landing Permits § 855.16 Parking and storage. The...purpose of use authorized. Parking and storage may be permitted...are Air Force aero clubs, parking and storage privileges may be permitted in the area designated for aero...

2014-07-01

473

76 FR 70483 - Gettysburg National Military Park Advisory Commission  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Service [4400-SZM] Gettysburg National Military Park Advisory Commission AGENCY: National...September 6, 2012 of the Gettysburg National Military Park Advisory Commission. DATES: The...Education Center in the Gettysburg National Military Park Museum and Visitor Center,...

2011-11-14

474

76 FR 77552 - Gettysburg National Military Park Advisory Commission  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Service [4400-SZM] Gettysburg National Military Park Advisory Commission AGENCY: National...September 6, 2012 of the Gettysburg National Military Park Advisory Commission. DATES: The...Education Center in the Gettysburg National Military Park Museum and Visitor Center,...

2011-12-13

475

FACING NORTH ALONG CANDLER PARK DRIVE TOWARD NORTHWEST CORNER OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

FACING NORTH ALONG CANDLER PARK DRIVE TOWARD NORTHWEST CORNER OF PARK - Candler Park Historic District, Roughly bounded by Moreland, Dekalb, McLendon & Harold Avenues, Matthews Street & Clifton Terrace, Atlanta, Fulton County, GA

476

FACING NORTH ALONG CANDLER PARK DRIVE (WESTERN BOUNDARY OF CANDLER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

FACING NORTH ALONG CANDLER PARK DRIVE (WESTERN BOUNDARY OF CANDLER PARK IS RIGHT SIDE OF ROAD IN PHOTOGRAPH) - Candler Park Historic District, Roughly bounded by Moreland, Dekalb, McLendon & Harold Avenues, Matthews Street & Clifton Terrace, Atlanta, Fulton County, GA

477

40 CFR 247.14 - Park and recreation products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Park and recreation products. 247.14 ...MATERIALS Item Designations § 247.14 Park and recreation products. (a) Playground...construction or other applications. (c) Park benches and picnic tables containing...

2010-07-01

478

Quick Guide to VT Parking & Transportation Procedures for FOR THE COMPLETE PARKING RULES AND REGULATIONS, REFER TO OUR WEBSITE AT WWW.PARKING.VT.EDU  

E-print Network

, and resident parking areas. Parking is not allowed in areas restricted by signs, such as service vehicle areas, carpool spaces, TA spaces, visitor spaces, and admission guest areas. RESIDENT STUDENT PARKING Resident are $35. Expired meter tickets are $30. Parking in a fire lane, bus lane, or air intake area is a $65

Buehrer, R. Michael

479

Parking and Traffic regulaTions  

E-print Network

. Anthony Milneburg Road 19 26 1a 3030 29a 29b RESEARCH & TECHNOLOGY PARK 37 C A B D Leon C. Simon Blvd. Children's Center 11. Computer Center 12. Earl K. Long Library 13. Engineering Bldg. 14. Facility Services research & technology park 35. Advanced Technology Center 36. Center for Energy Research Management 37

Kulp, Mark

480

PARKING MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES FOR REDUCING AUTOMOBILE EMISSIONS  

EPA Science Inventory

This report defines the concept of parking management and explores how parking management can be used to improve air quality, support mass transit, reduce energy consumption and improve the amenities of life in urban areas. Specific aspects of this analysis were developments of a...

481

Burning cars in a parking Jean Bertoin  

E-print Network

separating two forests turns occupied, and disappear when hit by a lightning. The evolution of the system: Knuth parking scheme, forest fire, phase transition. 1 Introduction The purpose of this work is to point in statistical physics and computer science, namely forest fires and parking schemes. Its motivation partly stems

482

Burning cars in parkings Jean Bertoin  

E-print Network

separating two forests turns occupied, and disappear when hit by a lightning. The evolution of the system: Knuth parking scheme, forest fire, phase transition. 1 Introduction The purpose of this work is to point in statistical physics and computer science, namely forest fires and parking schemes. Its motivation partly stems

483

PARKING COMMISSION MINUTES March 5, 2013  

E-print Network

, but many people will get only one ticket and not pay it. We are also using a new system, ROVR, from our the focus from connecting tickets to students to getting letters sent out immediately upon identification on the Park & Ride route. There was also discussion about how changes to Park & Ride might fit

484

Design of Parking Lots and Garages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Layout, control, and sign posting in the design of parking facilities is discussed emphasizing self parking and automated control. Considerations such as site, traffic, function of the facility, city codes, and sizes are related to design considerations. Traffic control factors are related to the direction and placement of cars and the collection…

McConochie, William R.

485

Transportation and Parking Committee Meeting Minutes  

E-print Network

Transportation and Parking Committee Meeting Minutes May 14, 2008 AFC Room 201 This meeting was held in conjunction with the Safety and Security Committee. Attendees of the Transportation: · reviewing cross over issues between the Safety and Security Committee and the Transportation and Parking

Acton, Scott

486

WIND DATA REPORT Deer Island Parking Lot  

E-print Network

WIND DATA REPORT Deer Island Parking Lot May 1, 2003 ­ July 15, 2003 Prepared for Massachusetts. Ellis Taylor Geer January 15, 2004 Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts........................................................................................................................ 16 TABLE OF FIGURES Figure 1 - Site location at Deer Island Parking Lot site................

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

487

Mysore-Park 14 Jan 2010  

E-print Network

mathematical model of real-world system formal specification of quantitative system properties exhaustive expected value running precise mathematical model of real-world system system+ #12;Mysore-Park 14 Jan 2010Mysore-Park 14 Jan 2010 R. Calinescu Introduction Quantitative verification Multi-objective utility

Rajamani, Sriram K.

488

Taking parking protection to the next level.  

PubMed

Because of neighborhood crime problems, the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions decided to undertake security improvement projects aimed at enhancing security/safety at the campus. This article focuses on the security changes and improvements to the parking