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1

High serum nitric oxide levels in patients with severe leptospirosis  

PubMed Central

Leptospirosis is a globally distributed zoonosis of major public health importance and is associated with severe disease manifestations such as acute renal failure and pulmonary haemorrhage syndrome. However, the extent to which the pathogenesis of leptospirosis mimics sepsis caused by Gram-negative bacteria remains unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate serum levels of nitric oxide (NO) in patients diagnosed with severe leptospirosis. Sera from 35 confirmed cases of severe leptospirosis and 13 healthy subjects were analysed. Patients with severe leptospirosis had significantly higher NO levels compared to healthy individuals (30.82 ± 10.90 ?M versus 3.86 ± 1.34 ?M, P<0.001), indicating that this immune mediator plays a role in the underlying systemic inflammatory response. PMID:17196920

Maciel, Elves A. P.; Athanazio, Daniel A.; Reis, Eliana A.G.; Cunha, Fernando Q.; Queiroz, Adriano; Almeida, Deusdelia; McBride, Alan J. A.; Ko, Albert I.; Reis, Mitermayer G.

2007-01-01

2

Plasma IGFBP-2 levels predict clinical outcomes of patients with high-grade gliomas  

PubMed Central

Insulin-like growth factor binding protein 2 (IGFBP-2) is a malignancy-associated protein measurable in tumors and blood. Increased IGFBP-2 is associated with shortened survival of advanced glioma patients. Thus, we examined plasma IGFBP-2 levels in glioma patients and healthy controls to evaluate its value as a plasma bio-marker for glioma. Plasma IGFBP-2 levels in 196 patients with newly diagnosed glioma and 55 healthy controls were analyzed using an IGFBP-2 ELISA kit. Blood was collected before surgery, after two-cycle adjuvant chemotherapy, and at recurrence. Plasma IGFBP-2 levels were correlated with disease-free survival (DFS) using Cox regression analyses. We found that preoperative plasma IGFBP-2 levels were significantly higher in high-grade glioma patients (n = 43 for grade III glioma; n = 72 for glioblastoma multiforme [GBM]) than in healthy controls (n = 55; p < 0.001) and low-grade (grade II) glioma patients (n = 81; p < 0.001). No significant differences in preoperative plasma IGFBP-2 levels were observed between grade III glioma and GBM patients or between grade II glioma patients and healthy controls. After recurrence, plasma IGFBP-2 levels were significantly increased in GBM patients (n = 26; p < 0.001). Preoperative plasma IGFBP-2 levels were significantly correlated with DFS in GBM patients (hazard ratio, 1.404; 95% confidence interval, 1.078–1.828; p = 0.012). We conclude that preoperative plasma IGFBP-2 levels are significantly higher in high-grade glioma patients than in low-grade glioma patients and healthy subjects, and are significantly correlated with recurrence and DFS in patients with GBM. Longitudinal studies with a larger study population are needed to confirm these findings. PMID:19164435

Lin, Yi; Jiang, Tao; Zhou, Kaijia; Xu, Li; Chen, Baoshi; Li, Guilin; Qiu, Xiaoguang; Jiang, Tianzi; Zhang, Wei; Song, Sonya W.

2009-01-01

3

High levels of Zinc-?-2-Glycoprotein among Omani AIDS patients on combined antiretroviral therapy  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate the levels of zinc-?-2-glycoprotein (ZAG) among Omani AIDS patients receiving combined antiretroviral therapy (cART). Methods A total of 80 Omani AIDS patients (45 males and 35 females), average age of 36 years, who were receiving cART at the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH), Muscat, Oman, were tested for the levels of ZAG. In addition, 80 healthy blood donors (46 males and 34 females), average age of 26 years, attending the SQUH Blood Bank, were tested in parallel as a control group. Measurement of the ZAG levels was performed using a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Results The ZAG levels were found to be significantly higher among AIDS patients compared to the healthy individuals (P=0.033). A total of 56 (70%) of the AIDS patients were found to have higher levels of ZAG and 16 (20%) AIDS patients were found to have high ZAG levels, which are significantly (P>0.031) associated with weight loss. Conclusions ZAG levels are high among Omani AIDS patients on cART and this necessitates the measurement of ZAG on routine basis, as it is associated with weight loss. PMID:25183329

Hasson, Sidgi Syed Anwer; Al-Balushi, Mohammed Saeed; Al Yahmadi, Muzna Hamed; Al-Busaidi, Juma Zaid; Said, Elias Antony; Othman, Mohammed Shafeeq; Sallam, Talal Abdullah; Idris, Mohammed Ahmad; Al-Jabri, Ali Abdullah

2014-01-01

4

Glucose Levels Predict Hospitalization for Congestive Heart Failure in Patients at High Cardiovascular Risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background—Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) are at high risk of developing congestive heart failure (CHF). However, the relationships between glucose levels and CHF in people with or without a history of DM have not been well characterized. Methods and Results—We evaluated the associations between fasting plasma glucose and risk of hospitalization for CHF during follow-up in patients at high cardiovascular

C. Held; H. C. Gerstein; S. Yusuf; F. Zhao; L. Hilbrich; C. Anderson; P. Sleight; K. Teo

2007-01-01

5

25-Hydroxyvitamin D levels in patients treated with high-dosage ergo- and cholecalciferol  

Microsoft Academic Search

25-Hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) levels were measured in 39 patients with metabolic bone disease or hypoparathyroidism who had been treated with a constant high dose of vitamin D2 or D3 for at least 12 weeks. Plasma 25-OHD levels rose with increasing dosage, the relationship between dose and plasma level being approximately linear whether or not the dose was expressed on a

J M Gertner; M Domenech

1977-01-01

6

Environmental and typewriter control systems for high-level quadriplegic patients: evaluation and prescription.  

PubMed

A formal 44-month clinical evaluation was conducted to determine the suitability of selected electronic equipment for use in high-level quadriplegia. A total of 52 traumatic high-level quadriplegic patients (C-2 to C-5,6) participated in the testing of 13 commercial electronic assistive devices including 8 environmental control units, 1 self-contained telephone, and 4 typewriter systems. Most devices were pneumatically ("breath") controlled. Devices were tested in an occupational therapy laboratory, bedside, and homes. Testing yielded data on device reliability, suitability, and acceptance by patients. PMID:454117

Sell, G H; Stratford, C D; Zimmerman, M E; Youdin, M; Milner, D

1979-06-01

7

Serum hepcidin-25 level linked with high mortality in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma.  

PubMed

Hepatic hepcidin-25 production is stimulated by systemic inflammation, and it interferes with the body's utilization of iron, leading to anemia. A 1-year prospective study was conducted to elucidate an association of serum hepcidin-25 concentration with mortality in anemic patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Serum hepcidin-25 levels were measured in 50 NHL patients using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The patients were stratified into a high- and a low-hepcidin-25 group according to the median of serum hepcidin-25 concentrations. Factors associated with hemoglobin (Hb) were determined by multivariate regression analysis, incorporating serum hepcidin-25 and inflammatory markers including ferritin and interleukin-6 (IL-6) as covariates. The association between serum hepcidin-25 and mortality was analyzed using both the Kaplan-Meier method and a multivariate proportional hazards regression model. The median of serum hepcidin-25 concentrations was 49.8 (0.6-269) ng/mL, a level approximately nine times greater than the reference value for healthy individuals. Hb level was significantly lower in the high than in the low-hepcidin-25 group. Serum hepcidin-25 was extracted as the significant factor associated with Hb, but neither ferritin nor IL-6 was. The cumulative mortality was significantly greater in the high than in the low-hepcidin-25 group (56.0 vs. 24.0 %; P?=?0.0222). The mortality risk for the presence of high hepcidin-25 was four times greater (hazard ratio [95 % confidence interval]: 3.66 [1.12-16.4]). In conclusion, serum hepcidin-25 levels are elevated in anemic NHL patients, and in this study, the group with higher hepcidin-25 levels manifested advanced anemia and poor survival. PMID:25465232

Hara, Masaki; Ando, Minoru; Tsuchiya, Ken; Nitta, Kosaku

2014-12-01

8

High levels of 15-oxygenated steroids in circulation of patients with multiple sclerosis: fact or fiction?  

PubMed Central

15-Oxygenated cholesterol species such as 5?-cholest-8(14)ene-3?,15?-diol (15HC) and 3?-hydroxy-5?-cholest-8(14)-en-15-one (15KC) are commercially available synthetic products unlikely to occur in biological systems. Surprisingly, Farez et al. recently reported that these two steroids occur in human circulation at levels considerably higher than those of any other endogenous oxysterol [Farez, M. et al. 2009. Toll-like receptor 2 and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 promote central nervous system neuroinflammation in progressive EAE. Nat. Immunol. 10: 958–964]. The levels were reported to be increased in patients with multiple sclerosis in a progressive phase and the authors suggested that this could be utilized diagnostically. Based on extensive in vitro experiments exposing cells to the same high levels of 15HC as found in vivo (1000 ng/ml) the authors concluded that 15HC may be an important pathogenetic factor in multiple sclerosis. Using combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry we fail to detect significant plasma levels of 15HC either in healthy controls or in patients with multiple sclerosis (levels < 2 ng/ml). If 15KC is present in these plasma samples, the concentration of it must be <10 ng/ml. Our failure to detect significant levels of the above steroids could not be due to loss during hydrolysis and work-up because recovery of the added two oxysterols was close to 100%. Autoxidation of lipoprotein-bound cholesterol resulted in extensive conversion of cholesterol into 7-oxygenated but not 15-oxygenated sterols. We conclude that if present there are trace amounts only of the above 15-oxygenated steroids in human circulation and that the role of such oxysterols as pathogenetic factors and biomarkers must be reconsidered. PMID:20934989

Björkhem, I.; Lövgren-Sandblom, A.; Piehl, F.; Khademi, M.; Pettersson, H.; Leoni, V.; Olsson, T.; Diczfalusy, U.

2011-01-01

9

Characterization of lean patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: potential role of high hemoglobin levels.  

PubMed

Abstract Objective. Overweight and obesity are major risk factors for the development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, a minority of NAFLD patients have a body mass index (BMI) <25 kg/m(2) (lean NAFLD). We sought to investigate whether significant differences exist between lean NAFLD and more common forms of NAFLD associated with overweight/obesity. Patients and methods. A total of 483 consecutive patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD were enrolled. Lean NAFLD was defined as having a BMI <25 kg/m(2). We identified 37 patients with lean NAFLD (7.6%). Results. Compared with NAFLD patients with overweight/obesity, lean NAFLD patients were younger, had lower blood pressure values, higher levels of hemoglobin, a lower prevalence of the metabolic syndrome, and less severe hepatic fibrosis. In NAFLD patients with overweight/obesity, diabetes was the only independent predictor of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). In lean NAFLD, the only variable independently associated with NASH was hemoglobin. Alanine aminotransferase and diabetes were independent predictors of fibrosis ?2 in NAFLD patients with overweight/obesity, whereas hemoglobin was the only independent predictor of fibrosis ?2 in lean NAFLD. Conclusion. In summary, lean NAFLD patients are younger and show less severe hepatic fibrosis. However, such subjects have higher hemoglobin levels, which seem to predict the histological severity. PMID:25540973

Akyuz, Umit; Yesil, Atakan; Yilmaz, Yusuf

2015-03-01

10

Autophagy defects suggested by low levels of autophagy activator MAP1S and high levels of autophagy inhibitor LRPPRC predict poor prognosis of prostate cancer patients.  

PubMed

MAP1S (originally named C19ORF5) is a widely distributed homolog of neuronal-specific MAP1A and MAP1B, and bridges autophagic components with microtubules and mitochondria to affect autophagosomal biogenesis and degradation. Mitochondrion-associated protein LRPPRC functions as an inhibitor for autophagy initiation to protect mitochondria from autophagy degradation. MAP1S and LRPPRC interact with each other and may collaboratively regulate autophagy although the underlying mechanism is yet unknown. Previously, we have reported that LRPPRC levels serve as a prognosis marker of patients with prostate adenocarcinomas (PCA), and that patients with high LRPPRC levels survive a shorter period after surgery than those with low levels of LRPPRC. MAP1S levels are elevated in diethylnitrosamine-induced hepatocelular carcinomas in wildtype mice and the exposed MAP1S-deficient mice develop more malignant hepatocellular carcinomas. We performed immunochemical analysis to evaluate the co-relationship among the levels of MAP1S, LRPPRC, P62, and ?-H2AX. Samples were collected from wildtype and prostate-specific PTEN-deficient mice, 111 patients with PCA who had been followed up for 10 years and 38 patients with benign prostate hyperplasia enrolled in hospitals in Guangzhou, China. The levels of MAP1S were generally elevated so the MAP1S-mediated autophagy was activated in PCA developed in either PTEN-deficient mice or patients than their respective benign tumors. The MAP1S levels among patients with PCA vary dramatically, and patients with low MAP1S levels survive a shorter period than those with high MAP1S levels. Levels of MAP1S in collaboration with levels of LRPPRC can serve as markers for prognosis of prostate cancer patients. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25043940

Jiang, Xianhan; Zhong, Weide; Huang, Hai; He, Huichan; Jiang, Funeng; Chen, Yanru; Yue, Fei; Zou, Jing; Li, Xun; He, Yongzhong; You, Pan; Yang, Weiqiang; Lai, Yiming; Wang, Fen; Liu, Leyuan

2014-07-01

11

Environmental carbon monoxide level is associated with the level of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in peritoneal dialysis patients.  

PubMed

Inflammation is highly prevalent among peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) is the most widely used inflammatory marker in clinical medicine and is correlated with mortality in PD patients. Air pollution is associated with systemic inflammation. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess the role of air pollutants and other clinical variables on hs-CRP values in PD patients.We recruited a total of 175 patients who had been undergoing continuous ambulatory PD or automated PD for at least 4 months and regularly followed up. Air pollution levels were recorded by a network of 27 monitoring stations near or in the patients' living areas throughout Taiwan. The 12-month average concentrations of particulate matter (PM) with an aerodynamic diameter of <10 and <2.5??m (PM10 and PM2.5), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), carbon monoxide (CO), and ozone (O3) were included.In stepwise linear regression, after adjustment for related factors, white blood cell count (?: 0.27, 95% confidence interval [CI] [0.71, 2.11]) and CO level (?: 0.17, 95% CI [2.5, 21.32]) were positively associated with hs-CRP and serum albumin levels (?: -0.25, 95% CI [-13.69, -3.96]) and normalized protein nitrogen appearance (?: -0.18, 95% CI [-17.7, -2.51]) was negatively associated with hs-CRP. However, serum indoxyl sulfate and p-cresyl sulfate levels were not significantly associated with hs-CRP (P > 0.05).In PD patients, the environmental CO level was positively correlated with hs-CRP level. PMID:25474434

Huang, Wen-Hung; Yen, Tzung-Hai; Chan, Ming-Jen; Su, Yi-Jiun

2014-11-01

12

Benefit of adjuvant interferon alfa-2b (IFN-?) therapy in melanoma patients with high serum MMP-8 levels.  

PubMed

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are important enzymes in tissue turnover and various inflammatory processes. In this study, it was evaluated whether serum MMP-8 can predict the response to adjuvant interferon alfa-2b (IFN-?) therapy in patients with operated high-risk cutaneous melanoma. Pre-treatment sera from 460 patients with stage IIB-IIIC melanoma were analyzed for MMP-8. The patients were randomized after surgery to adjuvant IFN-? for 12 or 24 months (n = 313) or observation only (n = 147). The median serum MMP-8 level was used to classify the patients into a low MMP-8 (n = 232) and a high MMP-8 (n = 228) group. In the high MMP-8 subgroup, IFN-? therapy significantly improved relapse-free survival (RFS). RFS was 36.8 months in patients with high MMP-8 levels receiving IFN-? therapy, whereas RFS for those with high MMP-8 levels with observation only was 10.6 months (P = 0.027). Median overall survival for patients with high MMP-8 and observation only was 36.7 versus 71.7 months in those receiving IFN-? (P = 0.13). In a multivariate model, IFN-? therapy was a significant predictor of favorable RFS (HR 0.74; 95 % CI 0.55-0.99; P = 0.048), after adjustment for pre-treatment MMP-8 (HR 1.17; 95 % CI 0.88-1.55; P = 0.28), gender (HR 1.16; 95 % CI 0.86-1.56; P = 0.32), age (HR 1.00; 95 % CI 1.00-1.02; P = 0.12), ulceration (HR 1.09; 95 % CI 0.81-1.46; P = 0.58), and the presence of node metastases (HR 1.36; 95 % CI 1.17-1.58; P < 0.0001). In conclusion, patients with high serum MMP-8 levels may benefit from adjuvant IFN-? therapy, but this observation should be further investigated. PMID:25319807

Vihinen, Pia; Tervahartiala, Taina; Sorsa, Timo; Hansson, Johan; Bastholt, Lars; Aamdal, Steinar; Stierner, Ulrika; Pyrhönen, Seppo; Syrjänen, Kari; Lundin, Johan; Hernberg, Micaela

2015-02-01

13

High multi-cytokine levels are not a predictive marker of alloimmunization in transfused sickle cell disease patients.  

PubMed

Patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) receive multiple red blood cell (RBC) transfusions for both prevention of and therapy for disease-related complications. In some patients, transfusion results in development of both allo- and auto-antibodies to RBC antigens. What precipitates the antibody formation is currently unclear. It has been hypothesized that a pro-inflammatory state preceding the therapeutic transfusion may be a predisposing factor. Plasma levels of ten cytokines were evaluated upon recruitment to the study of 83 children with SCD undergoing therapeutic RBC transfusions. The levels of cytokines were correlated with development of anti-RBC antibodies prior, or during seven years post recruitment. Twelve subjects displayed significantly higher levels of all cytokines examined, with pro-, as well as anti-inflammatory properties. Surprisingly, the elevated levels of cytokines were preferentially found in patients without anti-RBC allo- and/or auto-antibodies. Further, presence of high cytokine levels was not predictive of anti-RBC antibody development during the subsequent seven year follow up. These data suggest that the increased concentration of multiple cytokines is not a biomarker of either the presence of or susceptibility to the development of RBC alloimmunization. PMID:24746244

Tatari-Calderone, Zohreh; Fasano, Ross M; Miles, Megan R; Pinto, Ligia A; Luban, Naomi L C; Vukmanovic, Stanislav

2014-07-01

14

Metformin accumulation: lactic acidosis and high plasmatic metformin levels in a retrospective case series of 66 patients on chronic therapy.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE. The relationship between metformin accumulation and lactate increase is still debated. This observational case series aims to evaluate the correlation of metformin plasma levels with the pH, lactate and creatinine levels, and with the mortality rate in selected patients with metformin accumulation confirmed through metformin plasma concentration detection at hospital admission. MATERIAL AND METHODS. All cases of lactic acidosis (pH, ? 7.35; arterial lactate, ? 5 mmol/L) related to metformin accumulation (plasma level ? 4 mcg/mL) from 2007 to 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. Erroneous ingestion and voluntary overdoses were excluded. Epidemiological, medical history, clinical and laboratory data were evaluated in all cases. RESULTS. Sixty-six patients were included. Thirty-one patients (47%) had contraindication to therapy with metformin. All patients showed severe lactic acidosis (pH, 6.91 ± 0.18; lactate, 14.36 ± 4.90 mmol/L) and acute renal failure (creatinine, 7.24 ± 3.29 mg/dL). The mean metformin plasma concentration was 40.68 ± 27.70 mcg/mL. Metformin plasma concentrations showed a correlation, statistically significant even if not strong, with creatinine (p = 0.002, R = 0.37), pH (p < 0.0001, R = - 0.43) and plasma lactate levels (p = 0.001, R = 0.41). Sixty-two (94%) underwent dialysis. Early mortality (before discharge from ICU) was 26% (17 cases). Lactate and metformin concentrations had mean levels not statistically different in surviving and deceased patients. CONCLUSIONS. Patients on chronic therapy with metformin may develop a mitochondrial-related toxicity that should be considered when patients present with lactic acidosis, renal failure, and frequently, a medical history of gastrointestinal manifestations during the days preceding the hospital admission. The correlation between metformin plasma concentrations and creatinine, pH, and lactate levels seems to be related to the mechanism of action (inhibition of complex I of the mitochondrial respiratory chain) and to the kinetic properties (high distribution volume and low protein binding) of the drug. The relevant early mortality seems not correlated with the levels of metformin or lactates: this could be due to the possible role of concurrent illness even if, such as for the relationships with lactate and creatinine, a more proper toxicological evaluation could be obtained by assessing metformin erythrocyte concentrations instead of the plasmatic ones. PMID:24283301

Vecchio, S; Giampreti, A; Petrolini, V M; Lonati, D; Protti, A; Papa, P; Rognoni, C; Valli, A; Rocchi, L; Rolandi, L; Manzo, L; Locatelli, C A

2014-02-01

15

High plasma levels of high mobility group box 1 is associated with the risk of sepsis in severe blunt chest trauma patients: a prospective cohort study  

PubMed Central

Background High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a late mediator of systemic inflammation. Extracellular HMGB1 play a central pathogenic role in critical illness. The purpose of the study was to investigate the association between plasma HMGB1 concentrations and the risk of poor outcomes in patients with severe blunt chest trauma. Methods The plasma concentrations of HMGB1 in patients with severe blunt chest trauma (AIS???3) were measured by a quantitative enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay at four time points during seven days after admission, and the dynamic release patterns were monitored. The biomarker levels were compared between patients with sepsis and non-sepsis, and between patients with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) and non-MODS. The related factors of prognosis were analyzed by using multivariate logistic regression analysis. The short-form 36 was used to evaluate the quality of life of patients at 12 months after injury. Results Plasma HMGB1 levels were significantly higher both in sepsis and MODS group on post-trauma day 3, 5, and 7 compared with the non-sepsis and non-MODS groups, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that HMGB1 levels and ISS were independent risk factors for sepsis and MODS in patients with severe blunt chest trauma. Conclusions Plasma HMGB1 levels were significantly elevated in patients with severe blunt chest trauma. HMGB1 levels were associated with the risk of poor outcome in patients with severe blunt chest trauma. Daily HMGB1 levels measurements is a potential useful tool in the early identification of post-trauma complications. Further studies are needed to determine whether HMGB1 intervention could prevent the development of sepsis and MODS in patients with severe blunt chest trauma. PMID:25085006

2014-01-01

16

High levels of doxorubicin in the tissues of a patient experiencing extravasation during a 4-day infusion.  

PubMed

A 56-year-old patient with multiple myeloma experienced an extravasation of doxorubicin (DOX) and vincristine administered as a 96-hour infusion. An unknown quantity of solution (2.1 mg/ml of DOX and 0.1 mg/ml of vincristine) extravasated into the medial aspect of the right upper arm. This was caused by the axillary blockage of a 14-inch, 18-gauge catheter that had been inserted through the antecubital fossa. The only physical complaint mentioned by the patient was a dull muscle ache. No local swelling or redness was apparent until 2 weeks after the extravasation occurred, at which time surgical debridement yielded a 9.2 x 4 x 2-cm section of fascia and thrombosed vein with a normal-appearing margin. A high performance liquid chromatography analysis of different tissue areas in the surgical specimen yielded DOX levels of 1.25 to 7.94 micrograms/g of wet tissue weight. These levels are approximately tenfold higher than those of any previous extravasation reports. Slightly lower levels of the DOX aglycone (but no doxorubicinol) were recovered from these tissues. An important finding was the DOX level of 2.7 micrograms/g in the margin of the specimen, predicting a need for further surgery. Indeed, a second debridement was performed 1 week later, followed by a split thickness skin graft. Although the myeloma remains in clinical remission, use of the effected right arm is limited primarily by skin contracture at the graft site. This case demonstrates that high DOX levels can be deposited in soft tissues during prolonged DOX infusions without producing severe acute symptomatology. Furthermore, an analysis of DOX content in excised tissues may help guide the surgical management of the patient experiencing an extravasation. PMID:2819656

Dorr, R T; Dordal, M S; Koenig, L M; Taylor, C W; McCloskey, T M

1989-12-15

17

Fecal bile acid excretion and messenger RNA expression levels of ileal transporters in high risk gallstone patients  

PubMed Central

Background Cholesterol gallstone disease (GS) is highly prevalent among Hispanics and American Indians. In GS, the pool of bile acids (BA) is decreased, suggesting that BA absorption is impaired. In Caucasian GS patients, mRNA levels for ileal BA transporters are decreased. We aimed to determine fecal BA excretion rates, mRNA levels for ileal BA transporter genes and of regulatory genes of BA synthesis in Hispanic GS patients. Results Excretion of fecal BA was measured in seven GS females and in ten GS-free individuals, all with a body mass index < 29. Participants ingested the stool marker Cr2O3 (300 mg/day) for 10 days, and fecal specimens were collected on the last 3 days. Chromium was measured by a colorimetric method, and BA was quantitated by gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy. Intake of calories, nutrients, fiber and cholesterol were similar in the GS and GS-free subjects. Mean BA excretion levels were 520 ± 80 mg/day for the GS-free group, and 461 ± 105 mg/day for the GS group. Messenger RNA expression levels were determined by RT-PCR on biopsy samples obtained from ileum during diagnostic colonoscopy (14 GS-free controls and 16 GS patients) and from liver during surgery performed at 8 and 10 AM (12 GS and 10 GS-free patients operated on for gastrointestinal malignancies), all with a body mass index < 29. Messenger RNA level of the BA transporter genes for ileal lipid binding protein, multidrug resistance-associated protein 3, organic solute transporter alpha, and organic solute transporter beta were similar in GS and GS-free subjects. Messenger RNA level of Cyp27A1, encoding the enzyme 27?-hydroxylase, the short heterodimer partner and farnesoid X receptor remained unchanged, whereas the mRNA level of Cyp7A1, the rate limiting step of BA synthesis, was increased more than 400% (p < 0.01) in the liver of GS compared to GS-free subjects. Conclusion Hispanics with GS have fecal BA excretion rates and mRNA levels of genes for ileal BA transporters that are similar to GS-free subjects. However, mRNA expression levels of Cyp7A1 are increased in GS, indicating that regulation of BA synthesis is abnormal in Hispanics with GS. PMID:19995447

2009-01-01

18

Histologic Disease in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis B, High HBV DNA, and Normal Alanine Aminotransferase Levels  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent advances in the treatment of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection have presented new options as well as challenges. Serum\\u000a alanine aminotransferase (ALT) continues to be one of the three principal parameters used by all existing treatment guidelines\\u000a to identify candidates for antiviral therapy. Although there is little controversy that inactive carriers and young immune\\u000a tolerant patients can be monitored

Joseph K. Lim; Walid S. Ayoub; Mindie H. Nguyen

2010-01-01

19

Increased cancer cell proliferation in prostate cancer patients with high levels of serum folate  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Introduction: A recent clinical trial revealed that folic acid supplementation is associated with an increased incidence of prostate cancer (1). The present study evaluates serum and prostate tissue folate levels in men with prostate cancer, compared to histologically normal prostate glands from can...

20

High potassium level  

MedlinePLUS

High potassium level is a problem in which the amount of potassium in the blood is higher than normal. The medical ... There are often no symptoms with a high level of potassium. When symptoms do occur, they may ...

21

Resolution of Tracheostomy Complications by Decanulation and Conversion to Noninvasive Management for a Patient With High-Level Tetraplegia  

PubMed Central

Objectives: To report conversion from tracheostomy (TIV) to noninvasive intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIV) for a continuously ventilator-dependent patient with high-level spinal cord injury (SCI) with no measurable vital capacity (VC = 0 mL) to resolve tracheostomy-associated complications. Methods: A case report of a 38-year-old female in a chronic care facility in Japan with a 10-year history of ventilator-dependent tetraplegia (C1 ASIA-A) presented for increasing difficulty vocalizing. She had been using a fenestrated cuffed tracheostomy tube to produce speech with the cuff deflated. Speech was increasingly hypophonic, because of tracheostoma enlargement, tube migration, and tracheal granulation. Results: The NIV was provided via nasal and oral interfaces, the ostomy was surgically closed, and vocalization resumed. Airway secretions were expulsed using manually assisted coughing. The patient returned to the community. Conclusion: Conversion to NIV should be considered for ventilator-dependent patients with SCI who have adequate bulbar-innervated muscle function to permit effective speech and assisted coughing. PMID:23459005

Toki, Akiko; Hanayama, Kozo; Ishikawa, Yuka

2012-01-01

22

Elevated CSF levels of substance P and high incidence of Raynaud phenomenon in patients with fibromyalgia: new features for diagnosis.  

PubMed

In 30 patients with diagnosed fibromyalgia, the CSF level of immunoreactive substance P (SP) was investigated. Compared to normal values (9.6 +/- 3.2 fmol/ml), all the patients had elevated CSF levels of SP (36.1 +/- 2.7 fmol/ml, range 16.5-79.1 fmol/ml). Anamnestic information from the patients revealed that 53.3% had Raynaud/Raynaud-like phenomenon localized in the fingers, the toes or both. Although SP levels did not differ significantly in patients with or without the Raynaud phenomenon, elevated activity may be present in the peripheral branches of SP neurons which could be responsible for the last (rubor) phase of the triphasic Raynaud's phenomenon. SP levels were significantly higher in patients who were smokers (40.1 +/- 2.7 fmol/ml, range 25.3-64.1 fmol/ml), compared to patients who were non-smokers (29.2 +/- 5.0 fmol/ml, range 16.5-79.1 fmol/ml). We propose elevated CSF levels of SP and the Raynaud phenomenon as characteristic features for fibromyalgia with potential as diagnostic markers of the disease and further that smoking might be an aggravating factor for its pathogenesis or development. PMID:2448729

Vaerřy, H; Helle, R; Fřrre, O; Kĺss, E; Terenius, L

1988-01-01

23

Presence of high levels of leukocyte-associated interleukin-8 upon cell activation and in patients with sepsis syndrome.  

PubMed

In inflammatory and infectious diseases, the presence of circulating cytokines in plasma strongly suggests, following their exacerbated production, that saturation of specific binding sites has occurred or that an equilibrium between receptor-bound and free cytokines has been reached. In this report, we demonstrate that in addition to circulating interleukin-8 (IL-8), high levels of cell-associated IL-8 were detected in blood samples from patients with sepsis syndrome. The following analysis will reveal that in addition to erythrocytes, which have been dubbed a "sink" for IL-8, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and polymorphonuclear cells (PMN) contributed to the detection of cell-associated IL-8. On a per cell basis, 2,000 to 7,000 times the amount of IL-8 was found associated with PMN than with erythrocytes. In addition, circulating cells may well be the source of the leukocyte-associated form of IL-8. Similarly, in vitro experiments, such as whole-blood stimulation assays or the addition of exogenous IL-8 in blood samples, demonstrated that a large proportion of the IL-8 was associated with leukocytes. This suggests that the trapping of free cytokines onto the cell surface and the internalization of the IL-8 bound to its receptor, occurring both in vitro and in vivo, allows the detection of this cell-associated form. This analysis of cell-associated cytokines was extended to IL-1ra, another component of the inflammatory response, which, in contrast to IL-8, has been demonstrated to exist as an intracellular form. Indeed, cell-associated IL-1ra was also detected in septic patients. The measurement of cell-associated proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines in patients is clearly a more reliable reflection of their production than is the simple measurement in plasma and may provide useful indication to further understand the inflammatory process. PMID:9038289

Marie, C; Fitting, C; Cheval, C; Losser, M R; Carlet, J; Payen, D; Foster, K; Cavaillon, J M

1997-03-01

24

Psychiatric Symptoms and Community Violence among High-Risk Patients: A Test of the Relationship at the Weekly Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the availability of violence risk assessment tools, clinicians are now better able to identify high-risk patients. Once these patients have been identified, clinicians must monitor risk state and intervene when necessary to prevent harm. Clinical practice is dominated by the assumption that increases in psychiatric symptoms elevate risk of…

Skeem, Jennifer L.; Schubert, Carol; Odgers, Candice; Mulvey, Edward P.; Gardner, William; Lidz, Charles

2006-01-01

25

Serum Adenosine Deaminase Level is High But Not Related with Disease Activity Parameters in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis  

PubMed Central

Serum adenosine deaminase (ADA) has been previously proposed to predict disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The aim of this study was to investigate the level of serum ADA, and the relationship between ADA and disease activity markers, in a group of patients with RA. A hundred and 10 patients with a diagnosis of RA were recruited from outpatient clinic of Rheumatology Unit. Demographic properties comprising age, gender, disease duration and drugs were recorded. Disease activity based on disease activity score (DAS)28-erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and DAS28- C reactive protein (CRP,) ESR, CRP levels, as well as pain by visual analog scale and rheumatoid factor (RF) were recorded. Serum ADA levels (IU/L) were determined in all RA patients and in 55 age and sex similar healthy control subjects. Ninety-six female and 14 male RA patients with a mean age of 54.32±11.51, and with a mean disease duration of 11.5±9.13 years were included to the study. The control group comprised of 48 female and 7 male healthy subjects. 35.5% of the patients were on methotrexate (MTX) and 64.5% of patients were on combined DMARDs or combined MTX and anti-TNF therapies. The mean serum ADA level was statistically higher in RA patients than in control subjects (27.01±10.6 IU/L vs 21.8 ±9.9 IU/L). The mean values of ESR (23.2±14.8 mm/h), CRP (1.71±1.11mg/dL), pain by VAS (37.2±27.1), DAS28-ESR (2.72±0.77), DAS28 CRP (1.37±0.5) were not correlated with ADA levels (p>0.05). Our results have shown that serum ADA levels are higher in RA patients than in controls but were not related with any of the disease activity markers. We conclude that ADA in the serum may not be a reliable biochemical marker to predict disease activity in patients with RA. PMID:25279018

Demir, Gülseren; Borman, P?nar; Ayhan, Figen; Özgün, Tuba; Kayg?s?z, Ferda; Yilmez, Gulsen

2014-01-01

26

High Levels of Copper, Zinc, Iron and Magnesium, but not Calcium, in the Cerebrospinal Fluid of Patients with Fahr's Disease.  

PubMed

Patients with marked calcification of the basal ganglia and cerebellum have traditionally been referred to as having Fahr's disease, but the nomenclature has been criticized for including heterogeneous etiology. We describe 3 patients with idiopathic bilateral striatopallidodentate calcinosis (IBSPDC). The patients were a 24-year-old man with mental deterioration, a 57-year-old man with parkinsonism and dementia, and a 76-year-old woman with dementia and mild parkinsonism. The former 2 patients showed severe calcification of the basal ganglia and cerebellum, and the latter patient showed severe calcification of the cerebellum. We found significantly increased levels of copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), iron (Fe) and magnesium (Mg), using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry in the CSF of all these 3 patients. The increased levels of Cu, Zn, Fe and Mg reflect the involvement of metabolism of several metals and/or metal-binding proteins during the progression of IBSPDC. More numerous patients with IBSPDC should be examined in other races to clarify the common mechanism of the disease and to investigate the specific treatment. PMID:20671856

Hozumi, Isao; Kohmura, Akihiro; Kimura, Akio; Hasegawa, Tatsuya; Honda, Akiko; Hayashi, Yuichi; Hashimoto, Kazunori; Yamada, Megumi; Sakurai, Takeo; Tanaka, Yuji; Satoh, Masahiko; Inuzuka, Takashi

2010-01-01

27

High Levels of Copper, Zinc, Iron and Magnesium, but not Calcium, in the Cerebrospinal Fluid of Patients with Fahr's Disease  

PubMed Central

Patients with marked calcification of the basal ganglia and cerebellum have traditionally been referred to as having Fahr's disease, but the nomenclature has been criticized for including heterogeneous etiology. We describe 3 patients with idiopathic bilateral striatopallidodentate calcinosis (IBSPDC). The patients were a 24-year-old man with mental deterioration, a 57-year-old man with parkinsonism and dementia, and a 76-year-old woman with dementia and mild parkinsonism. The former 2 patients showed severe calcification of the basal ganglia and cerebellum, and the latter patient showed severe calcification of the cerebellum. We found significantly increased levels of copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), iron (Fe) and magnesium (Mg), using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry in the CSF of all these 3 patients. The increased levels of Cu, Zn, Fe and Mg reflect the involvement of metabolism of several metals and/or metal-binding proteins during the progression of IBSPDC. More numerous patients with IBSPDC should be examined in other races to clarify the common mechanism of the disease and to investigate the specific treatment. PMID:20671856

Hozumi, Isao; Kohmura, Akihiro; Kimura, Akio; Hasegawa, Tatsuya; Honda, Akiko; Hayashi, Yuichi; Hashimoto, Kazunori; Yamada, Megumi; Sakurai, Takeo; Tanaka, Yuji; Satoh, Masahiko; Inuzuka, Takashi

2010-01-01

28

Use of positron emission tomography to detect infection around antibiotic-loaded cement spacers in patients with high C-reactive protein levels.  

PubMed

In patients who have antibiotic-loaded cement hip spacers in the interim period, the correct diagnosis of infection eradication is the major determinant before reimplantation arthroplasty. Diagnosis is usually based on clinical findings and serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels. However, diagnosis can be challenging when the clinical findings are normal but the CRP level is high. From March 2007 to January 2008, fluorodeoxy-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) was used to detect infection around antibiotic-loaded cement spacers in 13 patients (mean age, 60 years). Although patients' clinical conditions were deemed suitable for reimplantation, their serum CRP levels were persistently elevated (mean, 54 mg/L) an average of 120 days (range, 28-413 days) after the first-stage operation. Reimplantation total hip arthroplasty (THA) was subsequently performed in 7 patients based on the negative findings of FDG-PET. In 6 patients, FDG-PET was positive for infection. The persistence of infection was confirmed in 3 of these patients by another debridement surgery. Staged reimplantation THA was delayed in 1 patient who underwent repeat debridement and in 3 patients who were treated with extended periods of oral antibiotics. Of the 11 staged reimplantation THAs, only 1 reinfection was noted at an average follow-up of 48 months. The success rate of 91% suggests FDG-PET could help in the differential diagnosis of infection around cement spacers, especially in patients with normal clinical findings but elevated CRP levels. PMID:21956053

Huang, Ming-Jhe; Hsieh, Pang-Hsin; Ueng, Steve W N; Ho, Kung-Chu; Yen, Tzu-Chen; Lee, Mel S

2011-10-01

29

Relation between paradoxical decrease in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels after statin therapy and adverse cardiovascular events in patients with acute myocardial infarction.  

PubMed

Statin therapy moderately increases high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels. Contrary to this expectation, a paradoxical decrease in HDL-C levels after statin therapy is seen in some patients. We evaluated 724 patients who newly started treatment with statins after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). These patients were divided into 2 groups according to change in HDL-C levels between baseline and 6 to 9 months after initial AMI (?HDL). In total, 620 patients had increased HDL-C levels and 104 patients had decreased HDL-C levels. Both groups achieved follow-up low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels <100 mg/dl. Adverse cardiovascular events (a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, and stroke) have more frequently occurred in the decreased HDL group compared with the increased HDL group (15.4% vs 7.1%, p = 0.01). Multivariate analysis showed that decreased HDL, onset to balloon time, and multivessel disease were the independent predictors of adverse cardiovascular events (hazard ratio [HR] 1.95, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.08 to 3.52; HR 1.05, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.09; and HR 2.08, 95% CI 1.22 to 3.56, respectively). In conclusion, a paradoxical decrease in serum HDL-C levels after statin therapy might be an independent predictor of long-term adverse cardiovascular events in patients with AMI. PMID:25555656

Ota, Tomoyuki; Ishii, Hideki; Suzuki, Susumu; Tanaka, Akihito; Shibata, Yohei; Tatami, Yosuke; Harata, Shingo; Shimbo, Yusaku; Takayama, Yohei; Kawamura, Yoshihiro; Osugi, Naohiro; Maeda, Kengo; Kondo, Takahisa; Murohara, Toyoaki

2015-02-15

30

High circulating hepatocyte growth factor levels associate with epithelial to mesenchymal transition and poor outcome in small cell lung cancer patients  

PubMed Central

We have previously shown that Met activation through the hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) increases tumorogenesis, induces epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and chemoresistance in SCLC. We sought to evaluate circulating HGF levels in SCLC patients and assess correlation with outcome and EMT features in the tumor. Serum samples from patients with SCLC were prospectively obtained at diagnosis, response evaluation and progression. HGF serum (sHGF) was quantified by ELISA. EMT markers and p-Met/Met were assayed by immunohistochemistry in tumor samples. Clinical data were prospectively recorder. One-hundred twelve patients were included. High baseline levels of sHGF were associated with shorter overall survival (p=0.007) and remained independently associated with survival in the multivariate analysis (p=0.016). For stage IV patients, an increase of sHGF levels at response evaluation (p=0.042) and at progression (p=0.003) were associated with poor outcome. sHGF levels were associated (p<0.05) with a mesenchymal phenotype in the tumor. In conclusion, high sHGF at diagnosis and increases during the course of the disease predict for poor outcome in SCLC patients and associate with EMT in the tumor. These data provide novel evidence on a role of sHGF in the adverse clinical behavior of SCLC and support testing Met inhibitors in patients with high sHGF. PMID:25026301

González, Iria; Villanueva, Xavier; Gimeno, Javier; Pijuan, Lara; Dómine, Manuel; Sánchez-Font, Albert; Vollmer, Ivan; Menéndez, Silvia; Arpí, Oriol; Mojal, Sergi; Rojo, Federico; Rovira, Ana; Albanell, Joan; Arriola, Edurne

2014-01-01

31

Investigation of the level of safety for out-patients treated with high dose of 131I in Sudan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim of this study was to describe and analyze the patterns of radiation exposure of contacts of Sudanese patients treated with radioactive 131I on an out-patient basis and post discharge after high dose 131I therapy, and also to compare the family members' results with dose constraints proposed by the European Commission (EC). Thermoluminiscent dosimeters (Model TLD-100 H) were used to estimate the effective doses for 40 family members of fifteen patients treated with 131I. The family members wore a TLD in front of the chest for 10 days. The effective dose ranged from 0.23 to 6.74 mSv (mean 1.75 mSv). These findings may be considered when establishing new national guidelines concerning radiation protection and release of patients after a treatment with radioiodine therapy.

Saeed, M. K.

2014-10-01

32

Methylated DNA and high total DNA levels in the serum of patients with breast cancer following neoadjuvant chemotherapy are predictive of a poor prognosis  

PubMed Central

In a previous study, we established a one-step methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (OS-MSP) assay for the detection of methylated DNA (met-DNA) and total DNA levels in serum. For the present study, this OS-MSP assay was used for patients with breast cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in order to investigate the prognostic significance of met-DNA and total DNA levels. Following treatment with NAC and prior to surgery, serum samples obtained from 120 patients with stage II/III breast cancer were subjected to the OS-MSP assay for analysis of the glutathione S-transferase pi 1, Ras association (RalGDS/AF-6) domain family member 1 and retinoic acid receptor ?2 genes. The detection of methylation in a minimum of one of these genes indicated a positive outcome of the assay. The total DNA content of the serum was also determined. Of the 120 stage II/III patients, seven (6%) were positive for met-DNA in serum and showed a significantly worse overall survival (OS) time compared with patients negative for met-DNA (n=113) (5-year OS, 43 vs. 85%; P=0.002). The patients with high total DNA levels in serum (n=40) also showed a significantly worse OS compared with those with low total DNA levels (n=80) (65 vs. 91%; P<0.001). The presence of met-DNA and high total DNA levels in the serum were found to be significant prognostic factors that are independent of a pathological complete response by multivariate analysis. Following NAC, met-DNA and high total DNA levels in the serum detected with the OS-MSP assay constitute novel prognostic factors for patients with breast cancer; this may be clinically useful for the prognosis prediction for patients who do not achieve a pathological complete response following NAC. PMID:24959284

FUJITA, NORIKO; KAGARA, NAOFUMI; YAMAMOTO, NORIAKI; SHIMAZU, KENZO; SHIMOMURA, ATSUSHI; SHIMODA, MASAFUMI; MARUYAMA, NAOMI; NAOI, YASUTO; MORIMOTO, KOJI; ODA, NAOFUMI; KIM, SEUNG JIN; NOGUCHI, SHINZABURO

2014-01-01

33

Preemptive alloimmune intervention in high-risk pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients guided by minimal residual disease level before stem cell transplantation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relapse of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) remains the main cause of treatment failure after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT). A high level of minimal residual disease (MRD) before alloSCT has been shown to predict these relapses. Patients at risk might benefit from a preemptive alloimmune intervention. In this first prospective, MRD-guided intervention study, 48 patients were stratified according to

A C Lankester; M B Bierings; E R van Wering; A J M Wijkhuijs; R A de Weger; J T Wijnen; J M Vossen; B Versluys; R M Egeler; M J D van Tol; H Putter; T Révész; J J M van Dongen; V H J van der Velden; M W Schilham

2010-01-01

34

Low erythrocyte catalase enzyme activity is correlated with high serum total homocysteine levels in tunisian patients with acute myocardial infarction  

PubMed Central

Background An imbalance between pro-oxidants and antioxidant systems has been suggested to be implicated in the physiopathology of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We aimed to evaluate the antioxidant capacity in Tunisian patients and to assess the possible relationship between erythrocyte catalase enzyme activity and hyperhomocysteinaemia. Methods 108 patients with AMI and 81 healthy subjects were enrolled in this study. Catalase erythrocyte enzyme activity was determined spectrophotometrically whereas “total antioxidant status” (TAS) concentration was measured by a commercially available method. Serum total homocysteine (tHcy) level was determined by a fluorescence polarization immunoassay (FPIA). Lipid peroxidation was measured with a fluorimetric method as “thiobarbituric acid reactive substances” (TBARS). Results Compared with healthy subjects, patients with AMI had significantly lower catalase activity (P<0.001), TAS concentrations (P<0.001), and significantly higher serum tHcy (P<0.001) and TBARS levels (P<0.001). Erythrocyte catalase enzyme activity was negatively correlated with serum tHcy and TBARS while serum tHcy and TBARS were in positive correlation. Furthermore, the unbalance between pro-oxidants and antioxidants seems to be more aggravated in patients with Q wave AMI compared to patients with non-Q wave AMI. Conclusion Our results suggest the involvement of hyperhomocysteinaemia in the drop of erythrocyte catalase activity related to myocardial ischemia reperfusion. Hyperhomocysteinaemia may increase the myocardial wall dysfunction under ischemia reperfusion by excessive production of reactive oxygen species which is made evident by increased lipid peroxidation. Virtual slides The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1623509866881834 PMID:23631751

2013-01-01

35

High Level of Tregs Is a Positive Prognostic Marker in Patients with HPV-Positive Oral and Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinomas  

PubMed Central

Background. Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) have been proved as one of the etiological factors of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). Patients with tumors of viral etiology have a lower recurrence rate and better prognosis. OPSCC is linked to an alteration in the immune system. Only a limited number of studies have correlated both the immunological parameters and HPV status with patient prognosis. The aim of this study was to determine whether HPV infection and the immunological status influence patient prognosis individually or in concurrence. Material and Methods. Sixty patients with oral and oropharyngeal carcinomas were enrolled. They were divided into HPV-positive and HPV-negative groups based on the expression of HPV 16 E6 mRNA. Basic lymphocyte subpopulations were determined in the peripheral blood by means of flow cytometry. Results. Significantly better disease-specific survival (DSS) was observed in patients with HPV-positive tumors. Nodal status, tumor grade, recurrence, and CD8+/Tregs ratio were identified as factors influencing DSS. A higher level of Tregs and a lower ratio of CD8/Tregs influenced overall survival (OS) independently of HPV status and age. Patients with HPV-positive tumors and high levels of Tregs survived significantly better than patients from the other groups. Conclusion. Better survival is associated with HPV positivity and elevated Tregs levels. Our data suggest that HPV infection and Tregs do not influence patient prognosis in concurrence. PMID:24864233

Lukesova, E.; Boucek, J.; Rotnaglova, E.; Salakova, M.; Koslabova, E.; Grega, M.; Eckschlager, T.; Rihova, B.; Prochazka, B.; Klozar, J.; Tachezy, R.

2014-01-01

36

Elevated serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels in fibromyalgia syndrome patients correlate with body mass index, interleukin-6, interleukin-8, erythrocyte sedimentation rate.  

PubMed

The levels of several inflammatory cytokines are abnormal in many patients with the fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) and may play a role in its pathogenesis. The inflammatory marker C-reactive protein (CRP) is associated with the disease activity in patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases, but its role in FMS is unknown. We undertook this study to determine whether high-sensitivity CRP (hsCRP) is elevated in FMS and whether its levels relate to key biologic or clinical measures. One hundred and five patients with FMS (1990 ACR criteria) and 61 healthy normal controls (HNC) at a ratio of 2:1 were recruited. The serum concentrations of hsCRP, interleukin-8 (IL-8), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were assessed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. The hsCRP levels were marginally higher in FMS than in HNC (p = 0.06) and its abnormality rate (>1.5 SD above the HNC mean) was significantly higher in FMS (25 %) compared with HNC (6.8 %) (p = 0.03). Serum IL-8 levels, IL-6 levels, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) in FMS did not differ from those in HNC. Body mass index (BMI), ESR, IL-8, and IL-6 levels correlated with hsCRP levels in FMS. No associations were found between hsCRP and age, gender, ethnicity, or other clinical measures. Serum CRP levels were higher in FMS and significantly correlated with BMI, ESR, IL-8, and IL-6 levels, suggesting that inflammation may contribute to the symptoms in some FMS patients, particularly those who are obese. Weight loss and therapies directed against inflammation may be useful in the management of FMS patients with elevated hsCRP. PMID:23124693

Xiao, Yangming; Haynes, Wanda L; Michalek, Joel E; Russell, I Jon

2013-05-01

37

Changes in Plasma Levels of Natural Anticoagulants in Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation: High Prognostic Value of Antithrombin and Protein C in Patients with Underlying Sepsis or Severe Infection  

PubMed Central

Background Dysfunctional natural anticoagulant systems enhance intravascular fibrin for mation in disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), and plasma levels of natural anti coagulants can be used in the diagnosis and prognosis of DIC. Herein, the diagnostic value of 4 natural anticoagulants was assessed, and the prognostic value of antithrombin and protein C were validated in a large population. Methods Part 1 study included 126 patients with clinically suspected DIC and estimated plasma levels of 4 candidate anticoagulant proteins: antithrombin, protein C, protein S, and protein Z. Part 2 comprised 1,846 patients, in whom plasma antithrombin and protein C levels were compared with other well-known DIC markers according to the underlying dis eases. The 28-day mortality rate was used to assess prognostic outcome. Results Antithrombin and protein C showed higher areas under the ROC curve than pro tein S and protein Z. In part 2 of the study, antithrombin and protein C levels significantly correlated with DIC score, suggesting that these factors are good indicators of DIC severity. Antithrombin and protein C showed significant prognostic power in Kaplan-Meier analyses. In patients with sepsis/severe infection, antithrombin and protein C showed higher hazard ratios than D-dimer. Platelet count showed the highest hazard ratio in patients with hemato logic malignancy. In patients with liver disease, the hazard ratio for antithrombin levels was significantly high. Conclusions Decreased plasma anticoagulant levels reflect florid consumption of the phys iologic defense system against DIC-induced hypercoagulation. Plasma antithrombin and protein C levels are powerful prognostic markers of DIC, especially in patients with sepsis/severe infection. PMID:24624342

Choi, Qute; Hong, Ki Ho; Kim, Ji-Eun

2014-01-01

38

Cholesterol-lowering effects of a new isolated soy protein with high levels of nondenaturated protein in hypercholesterolemic patients.  

PubMed

This study was undertaken to compare the effects on plasma cholesterol concentration of a new isolated soy protein in which the protein structure is kept in its native, nondenaturated form (verum 1) versus a conventional isolated soy protein (verum 2) and milk protein (placebo). This prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted in an outpatient clinical study center in Berlin, Germany. Over 8 wk, 120 patients (total cholesterol, 5.2-7.8 mmol/L) were given verum 1, verum 2, or placebo at a dosage of 25 g protein daily. At the end of the treatment period, total cholesterol levels were significantly reduced by 10.7% in the verum 1 group compared with placebo (P<.001), and levels were reduced by 5.8% in the verum 2 group (P=.008). The difference between the 2 verum groups was statistically significant (P=.008). Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were significantly reduced with nondenaturated isolated soy protein only: levels were reduced by 9.4% in the verum 1 group (P=.002) and by 4.9% in the verum 2 group (P=.107). Again, the difference between the verum groups was significant (P=.05). The results of this study confirm that supplementation with isolated soy protein can lead to significant reductions in plasma concentrations of total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. These reductions are significantly more pronounced with an isolated soy protein that maintains the native protein structure than with a commercially available reference isolated soy protein. PMID:17565935

Hoie, L H; Guldstrand, M; Sjoholm, A; Graubaum, H J; Gruenwald, J; Zunft, H J F; Lueder, W

2007-01-01

39

Preemptive alloimmune intervention in high-risk pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients guided by minimal residual disease level before stem cell transplantation.  

PubMed

Relapse of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) remains the main cause of treatment failure after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT). A high level of minimal residual disease (MRD) before alloSCT has been shown to predict these relapses. Patients at risk might benefit from a preemptive alloimmune intervention. In this first prospective, MRD-guided intervention study, 48 patients were stratified according to pre-SCT MRD level. Eighteen children with MRD level >or=1 x 10(-4) were eligible for intervention, consisting of early cyclosporine A tapering followed by consecutive, incremental donor lymphocyte infusions (n=1-4). The intervention was associated with graft versus host disease >or=grade II in only 23% of patients. Event-free survival in the intervention group was 19%. However, in contrast with the usual early recurrence of leukemia, relapses were delayed up to 3 years after SCT. In addition, several relapses presented at unusual extramedullary sites suggesting that the immune intervention may have altered the pattern of leukemia recurrence. In 8 out of 11 evaluable patients, relapse was preceded by MRD recurrence (median 9 weeks, range 0-30). We conclude that in children with high-risk ALL, immunotherapy-based regimens after SCT are feasible and may need to be further intensified to achieve total eradication of residual leukemic cells. PMID:20535148

Lankester, A C; Bierings, M B; van Wering, E R; Wijkhuijs, A J M; de Weger, R A; Wijnen, J T; Vossen, J M; Versluys, B; Egeler, R M; van Tol, M J D; Putter, H; Révész, T; van Dongen, J J M; van der Velden, V H J; Schilham, M W

2010-08-01

40

High Levels of Soluble Ctla-4 Are Present in Anti-Mitochondrial Antibody Positive, but Not in Antibody Negative Patients with Primary Biliary Cirrhosis  

PubMed Central

Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is a chronic autoimmune cholestatic liver disease frequently characterized by anti-mitochondrial autoantibodies (AMA). A minority of patients are AMA-negative. Cytotoxic-T-Lymphocyte-Antigen-4 (CTLA-4) is a surface molecule expressed on activated T-cells delivering a critical negative immunoregulatory signal. A soluble form of CTLA-4 (sCTLA-4) has been detected at high concentrations in several autoimmune diseases, and its possible functional meaning has been suggested. We aimed to evaluate sCTLA-4 concentration in sera of patients with PBC and to correlate it to immunological abnormalities associated with the disease. Blood samples were collected from 82 PBC-patients diagnosed according to international criteria (44 AMA-positive/MIT3-positive and 38 AMA-negative-MIT3-negative), and 65 controls. sCTLA-4 levels were evaluated by ELISA and Western blot. Increased sCTLA-4 concentrations were found in all AMA-positive PBC-patients, but in none of the AMA-negative ones, nor in normal controls or in controls with unrelated liver diseases. sCTLA-4 presence was associated with autoantibodies against MIT3, but not with nuclear autoantibodies (sp100, gp210). This is the first study to demonstrate that levels of sCTLA-4 are elevated in sera of PBC patients. However, they are clearly restricted to patients with AMA positivity, suggesting an immunological difference with respect to AMA-negative ones. PMID:25383768

Saverino, Daniele; Pesce, Giampaola; Antola, Princey; Porcelli, Brunetta; Brusca, Ignazio; Villalta, Danilo; Tampoia, Marilina; Tozzoli, Renato; Tonutti, Elio; Alessio, Maria Grazia; Bagnasco, Marcello; Bizzaro, Nicola

2014-01-01

41

High insulin levels in newly diagnosed breast cancer patients reflect underlying insulin resistance and are associated with components of the insulin resistance syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background High insulin levels have been associated with poor outcomes in breast cancer. Our goal was to investigate whether hyperinsulinemia\\u000a was associated with insulin resistance in a cohort of newly diagnosed locoregional breast cancer patients and to examine associations\\u000a of hyperinsulinemia with the broader insulin resistance syndrome (IRS). Methods Five hundred and four women with T1-3, N0-1, M0 breast cancer

Pamela J. Goodwin; Marguerite Ennis; Mala Bahl; I. George Fantus; Kathleen I. Pritchard; Maureen E. Trudeau; Jarley Koo; Nicky Hood

2009-01-01

42

Low serum level of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in a Japanese patient with maturity-onset diabetes of the young type 3 (MODY3).  

PubMed

High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels in European populations are lower in patients with maturity-onset diabetes of the young type 3 (MODY3) than in those with type 2 diabetes. hs-CRP levels have been suggested to be useful for discriminating MODY3 from type 2 diabetes. As hs-CRP levels are influenced by various factors including race and body mass index, it is worthwhile to examine whether hs-CRP can serve as a biomarker for MODY3 in Japanese. Here we describe the case of a Japanese MODY3 patient with a nonsense mutation in the HNF1A gene. Two measurements showed consistently lower hs-CRP levels (<0.05 and 0.09 mg/L) than in Japanese patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Hepatic expression of Crp messenger ribonucleic acid was significantly decreased in Hnf1a knockout mice. The hs-CRP level might be a useful biomarker for MODY3 in both Japanese and European populations. PMID:25411618

Ohki, Tsuyoshi; Utsu, Yoshihiko; Morita, Shinya; Karim, Md Fazlul; Sato, Yoshifumi; Yoshizawa, Tatsuya; Yamamura, Ken-Ichi; Yamada, Kentaro; Kasayama, Soji; Yamagata, Kazuya

2014-09-01

43

Pre-Operative, High-IL-6 Blood Level is a Risk Factor of Post-Operative Delirium Onset in Old Patients  

PubMed Central

Background: Post-operative delirium (POD) is a common complication in elderly patients undergoing surgery, but the underpinning causes are not clear. We hypothesized that inflammaging, the subclinical low and chronic grade inflammation characteristic of old people, can contribute to POD onset. Accordingly, we investigated the association of pre-operative and circulating cytokines in elderly patients (>65?years), admitted for elective and emergency surgery. Methods: This is a secondary analysis of a sub-cohort of patients belonging to a previous large case–control study, where 351 patients were clinically and cognitively thoroughly characterized, together with the assessment of POD (47 patients) by confusion assessment method and delirium rating scale. Seventy-four pre-operative plasma samples were selected from a larger bio-bank and they included 37 subjects with POD and 37 without POD. Inflammaging related cytokines, i.e., IL-1?, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and TNF-?, were assayed by ELISA in pre-operative blood samples; univariate and multivariable analyses have been applied to identify cytokines independently associated to POD. Associations of cytokine levels with functional status, cognitive decline, intra-hospital mortality, and comorbidity were also analyzed independently of POD onset. Results: High IL-6 and low-IL-2 levels were significantly associated with POD. After adjustment for potential confounders in multivariate analysis, high level of pre-operative IL-6 was confirmed to be significantly associated with risk of POD onset. High level of IL-6 was also associated with several baseline features (including poor functional status, cognitive impairment, emergency admission, and higher comorbidity burden) and intra-hospital mortality. Conclusion: Pre-operative, high-plasma level of IL-6 (?9?pg/mL) was significantly associated with POD onset. We propose IL-6 as an additional risk factor of POD onset together with the previously identified factors. Discovery of all risk factors contributing to POD onset will permit to improve hospitalized patient management and the decrease of healthcare cost. PMID:25368603

Capri, Miriam; Yani, Stella Lukas; Chattat, Rabih; Fortuna, Daniela; Bucci, Laura; Lanzarini, Catia; Morsiani, Cristina; Catena, Fausto; Ansaloni, Luca; Adversi, Marco; Melotti, Maria Rita; Di Nino, Gianfranco; Franceschi, Claudio

2014-01-01

44

Selective elevation of von willebrand factor in patients with high lipoprotein (a) levels: an unknown prothrombotic risk factor in patients with hypertension and other risk factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The mechanisms of vascular damage attributable to Lp(a) are a result of its homology with LDL and plasminogen, through receptor competition. Moreover, could induce vascular remodeling and fix to fibronectin and to fibrinogen favoring thrombogenesis.Aims: 1- To evaluate the impact of high levels of Lp(a) on endothelial peptides. 2- To correlate Lp(a) with oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction (ED).Material

Juan F Martin-Lazaro; Rosa Fabregate; Ana Bajo-Martinez; Enrique Bernal; Arturo Ugalde; Maria Calbacho; Olivia Sanchez; Jose Saban-Ruiz

2003-01-01

45

Low frequency of positive skin tests in asthmatic patients infected with Schistosoma mansoni exposed to high levels of mite allergens.  

PubMed

Helminthic infections and allergic diseases are highly prevalent in many parts of the world. Although skin reactivity to indoor allergens is decreased in subjects from helminthic endemic areas, the degree of exposure to mite allergens has not yet been investigated in these areas. This study evaluated the association between exposure to dust mites and skin reactivity to mite allergens in subjects with a history of wheezing in the last 12 months selected from a rural endemic area for schistosomiasis (group I, n = 21), and two non-Schistosoma mansoni endemic locale, a rural area (group II, n = 21) and a urban slum area (group III, n = 21). All subjects were evaluated by skin prick tests with mite allergens, and for total and specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) against dust mites, antibodies for S. mansoni, and for intestinal parasites. Dust samples from each subjects' home were quantified for mite allergen and species of the mite identification. Except for S. mansoni infection which was more prevalent in group I than in groups II and III (p < 0.0001), the prevalence of intestinal parasites, and total and specific IgE levels were similar for all groups. Despite the levels of mite allergens and specifically to Der p 1 detected in dust samples of subjects home from all three areas, the frequency of positive skin reactivity to mite antigens was significantly lower (19.0%) in subjects from group I relative to group II (76.2%) and group III (57.1%; p < 0.001). This result suggests that S. mansoni infection could modulate the immediate hypersensitivity skin response to mite allergens in highly exposed subjects. PMID:15059190

Medeiros, Manoel; Almeida, Maria C; Figueiredo, Joanemile P; Atta, Ajax M; Mendes, Carlos M C; Araújo, Maria I; Taketomi, Ernesto A; Terra, Silvia A; Silva, Deise A O; Carvalho, Edgar M

2004-04-01

46

Sustained high levels of serum leptin rather than IL-6 observed in patients with postpartum thyroiditis during their first postpartum year.  

PubMed

The purpose of the study is to explore the roles of leptin and interleukin-6 (IL-6) during the first postpartum year in the occurrence and development of postpartum thyroiditis (PPT). We retrospectively collected serum samples from 57 PPT patients consisting of 34 overt PPT (O-PPT) and 23 subclinical PPT (S-PPT) in addition to 37 healthy postpartum women at four postpartum time points, i.e., 3-day and 3, 6, 12-month postpartum. Serum leptin and IL-6 levels were measured by radioimmunoassay and ELISA assay, respectively. Leptin level and leptin/BMI (LEP/BMI) ratio were higher in PPT patients than in control during the first postpartum year, but were not significantly different between O-PPT and S-PPT. However, a similar trend but did not reach significant difference in IL-6 level was observed during the postpartum period in PPT patients and control women. We conclude that a sustained high level of serum leptin after delivery may be involved in the pathogenesis of PPT. IL-6 does not contribute to the development of PPT. PMID:24573491

Guo, Huiling; Liu, Xiu; Li, Chenyang; Li, Yushu; Sang, Miao; Shan, Zhongyan; Teng, Weiping; Guan, Haixia

2014-11-01

47

Anti-TNF? therapy transiently improves high density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and microvascular endothelial function in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a Pilot Study  

PubMed Central

Background Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD). This can be only partially attributed to traditional CVD risk factors such as dyslipidaemia and their downstream effects on endothelial function. The most common lipid abnormality in RA is reduced levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, probably due to active inflammation. In this longitudinal study we hypothesised that anti-tumor necrosis factor-? (anti-TNF?) therapy in patients with active RA improves HDL cholesterol, microvascular and macrovascular endothelial function. Methods Twenty-three RA patients starting on anti-TNF? treatment were assessed for HDL cholesterol level, and endothelial-dependent and -independent function of microvessels and macrovessels at baseline, 2-weeks and 3?months of treatment. Results Disease activity (CRP, fibrinogen, DAS28) significantly decreased during the follow-up period. There was an increase in HDL cholesterol levels at 2?weeks (p?patients appears to be accompanied by transient but significant improvements in HDL cholesterol levels, which coexists with an improvement in microvascular endothelial-dependent function. PMID:22824166

2012-01-01

48

MicroRNA array and microarray evaluation of endometrial receptivity in patients with high serum progesterone levels on the day of hCG administration  

PubMed Central

Background To determine the effect of higher progesterone (P) level on endometrial receptivity. Methods This was a prospective analysis conducted in the Reproductive Medical Center of Peking University Third Hospital. All patients received IVF treatment and canceled embryo transfer in the same cycle and were divided into group 1 (normal P; 7 patients) and group 2 (elevated P; 12 patients). Endometrial biopsies were performed 6 days after oocyte retrieval. The global miRNA and mRNA gene expressions in endometrial biopsies were investigated with a V4.0 miRNA probe and 22 K Human Genome Array. Fold ratios were derived to compare gene regulation between the groups. Spp1 and Ang gene expression was selected to verify the array results by RT-PCR and the protein expression of osteopontin and VEGF was determined using an immunohistochemical method. Results There were 4 miRNA (all down-regulated) and 22 mRNA (13 up-regulated and 9 down-regulated) exhibiting differential expression between the groups on the microRNA and microarray chips. miRNA-451, Spp1, and Ang expression in RT-PCR verified the array results. Osteopontin and VEGF were also shown to have positive expression in the endometrium. Conclusions Data from microRNA and microarray analysis suggests dissimilar endometrial receptivity in patients with high P levels on the day of hCG, and elevated osteopontin and decreased VEGF had poor pregnancy rates. PMID:21375772

2011-01-01

49

Low Paraoxonase 1 Arylesterase Activity and High von Willebrand Factor Levels are Associated with Severe Coronary Atherosclerosis in Patients with Non-Diabetic Stable Coronary Artery Disease  

PubMed Central

Background Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) activity and von Willebrand factor (VWF) release are associated with lesion initiation in atherosclerosis. Diabetes can complicate coronary artery disease (CAD) due to the production of advanced glycation end products. This study evaluated PON1 activity and VWF levels in non-post-acute coronary syndrome, stable CAD (SCAD) patients without diabetes. Material/Methods Non-diabetic SCAD patients and patients experiencing acute stress periods were selected (n=130). Forty-seven cases with normal coronary angiography and 50 healthy individuals served as controls. The non-diabetic SCAD group was then stratified into single-vessel lesions, multiple-vessel lesions, and mild or severe luminal stenosis according to the number and the degree of luminal stenoses. Serum PON1 paraoxonase and arylesterase activities, and plasma VWF levels were measured, as well as serum total cholesterol, total triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and apolipoprotein A1. PON1 arylesterase activity was detected with an ordinary chemistry system using a novel phenylacetate derivative. Results Both PON1 paraoxonase and arylesterase were lower in the non-diabetic SCAD group, but VWF levels were higher (versus controls, all P<0.001). PON1 paraoxonase activity (OR=0.991), PON1 arylesterase activity (OR=0.981), and VWF (OR 2.854) influenced SCAD in multiple logistic regression. Decreased PON1 arylesterase activity and increased VWF levels were associated with severe atherosclerosis in non-diabetic SCAD patients. We also observed a slight negative correlation between VWF and PON1 paraoxonase/arylesterase. Conclusions PON1 and VWF are detectable markers that may predict the severity of stenoses, ideally facilitating a non-diabetic SCAD diagnosis before the sudden onset of life-threatening symptoms. PMID:25420483

Ding, Jieying; Chen, Qizhi; Zhuang, Xing; Feng, Zhilei; Xu, Lili; Chen, Fuxiang

2014-01-01

50

High prevalence of vitamin A deficiency in Crohn's disease patients according to serum retinol levels and the relative dose-response test  

PubMed Central

AIM: To assess the vitamin A status of patients with Crohn’s disease (CD) by evaluating serum retinol levels and the relative dose response (RDR) test (liver retinol stores). METHODS: Vitamin A nutritional status was measured by serum retinol obtained by high performance liquid chromatography and the RDR test for evaluation of the hepatic stores. Body composition was performed by densitometry by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Vitamin A dietary intake was assessed from a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. RESULTS: This study included 38 CD patients and 33 controls. Low serum retinol concentrations were detected in 29% of CD patients vs 15% in controls (P < 0.005). The RDR test was positive in 37% of CD patients vs 12% in controls, which indicated inadequate hepatic vitamin A stores (P < 0.005). Individuals with hypovitaminosis A had lower BMI and body fat compared with those without this deficiency. There was no association between vitamin A deficiency and its dietary intake, ileal location, presence of disease activity and prior bowel resections. CONCLUSION: Patients with CD have higher prevalence of vitamin A deficiency, as assessed by two independent methods. PMID:25663781

Soares-Mota, Márcia; Silva, Tianny A; Gomes, Luanda M; Pinto, Marco AS; Mendonça, Laura MC; Farias, Maria Lúcia F; Nunes, Tiago; Ramalho, Andrea; Zaltman, Cyrla

2015-01-01

51

Bone microstructural changes revealed by high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography imaging and elevated DKK1 and MIP-1? levels in patients with MGUS  

PubMed Central

Recent population-based studies demonstrate an increased fracture risk with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS). The etiology of this increased risk remains unclear, however, because areal bone mineral density (aBMD) measurements by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry cannot assess bone microstructural properties critical to determining bone quality and strength. To better define the skeletal effects of MGUS, we performed aBMD and high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) measurements in 50 MGUS patients (20 females, 30 males; mean ± SEM age, 70.5 ± 1.4 years) and 100 matched control subjects. Relative to controls, MGUS patients had decreased aBMD at the femoral neck (P = .05) and total femur (P < .05) but no differences at other sites. In contrast, high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography showed markedly diminished cortical thickness (P < .05) and increased endocortical area (P < .01). Average vBMD (P < .01), cortical vBMD (P < .001), and trabecular thickness (P < .01) were all significantly decreased in MGUS patients, suggestive of impaired bone formation. Serum levels of the Wnt pathway inhibitor Dickkopf-related protein 1 (P < .001) and osteoclast-activating factor MIP-1? (P < .05) also were significantly elevated in MGUS patients. Our data provide the first evidence of altered bone microstructure in MGUS and suggest that cytokines elevated in osteolytic myeloma also may be associated with bone loss in MGUS. PMID:22042700

Ng, Alvin C.; Khosla, Sundeep; Charatcharoenwitthaya, Natthinee; Kumar, Shaji K.; Achenbach, Sara J.; Holets, Margaret F.; McCready, Louise K.; Melton, L. Joseph; Kyle, Robert A.; Rajkumar, S. Vincent

2011-01-01

52

Elevated C-Reactive Protein Levels and Enhanced High Frequency Vasomotion in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease during Brachial Flow-Mediated Dilation  

PubMed Central

Purpose The physiological role of vasomotion, rhythmic oscillations in vascular tone or diameter, and its underlying mechanisms are unknown. We investigated the characteristics of brachial artery vasomotion in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD). Methods We performed a retrospective study of 37 patients with IHD. Endothelial function was assessed using flow-mediated dilation (FMD), and power spectral analysis of brachial artery diameter oscillations during FMD was performed. Frequency-domain components were calculated by integrating the power spectrums in three frequency bands (in ms2) using the MemCalc (GMS, Tokyo, Japan): very-low frequency (VLF), 0.003–0.04 Hz; low frequency (LF), 0.04–0.15 Hz; and high frequency (HF), 0.15–0.4 Hz. Total spectral power (TP) was calculated as the sum of all frequency bands, and each spectral component was normalized against TP. Results Data revealed that HF/TP closely correlated with FMD (r?=??0.33, p?=?0.04), whereas VLF/TP and LF/TP did not. We also explored the relationship between elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and vasomotion. HF/TP was significantly increased in subjects with high CRP levels (CRP;>0.08 mg/dL) compared with subjects with low CRP levels (0.052±0.026 versus 0.035±0.022, p<0.05). The HF/TP value closely correlated with CRP (r?=?0.24, p?=?0.04), whereas the value of FMD did not (r?=?0.023, p?=?0.84). In addition, elevated CRP levels significantly increased the value of HF/TP after adjustment for FMD and blood pressure (??=?0.33, p<0.05). Conclusion The HF component of brachial artery diameter oscillation during FMD measurement correlated well with FMD and increased in the presence of elevated CRP levels in subjects with IHD. PMID:25299643

Watanabe, Shogo; Amiya, Eisuke; Watanabe, Masafumi; Takata, Munenori; Ozeki, Atsuko; Watanabe, Aya; Kawarasaki, Shuichi; Nakao, Tomoko; Hosoya, Yumiko; Nagata, Kohzo; Nagai, Ryozo; Komuro, Issei

2014-01-01

53

Expression levels of induced sputum IL-8 and IL-10 and drug intervention effects in patients with acute exacerbated COPD complicated with chronic cor pulmonale at high altitude.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to assess the expression levels of induced sputum interleukin (IL)-8 and IL-10 levels in patients with acute exacerbated chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) complicated with chronic cor pulmonale (CCP) at high altitude, and to evaluate the intervention effects of an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) and a ?2-adrenoceptor agonist in this disease. A total of 186 patients with AECOPD complicated with CCP were randomly divided into three groups, with 62 cases in each. With regard to the two treatment groups, group A was treated with salmeterol/fluticasone (50 ?g/250 ?g, respectively) by airway inhalation twice daily, while group B received budesonide (1 mg) as a spray inhalation, twice daily. The routine treatment group (group C) received only routine treatment. The levels of IL-8 and IL-10 in the induced sputum and the predicted percentage of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1%pred), partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood (PaO2) and partial pressure of carbon dioxide in arterial blood (PaCO2) were examined on admission and at a stable stage two weeks following treatment. Forty healthy volunteers served as a control group (group D). Compared with group D values, the IL-8 induced sputum level and the PaCO2 were significantly increased, while the level of IL-10, FEV1%pred and the PaO2 were markedly decreased in the three COPD groups prior to treatment. Following treatment, the induced sputum IL-8 level and the PaCO2 were significantly decreased, while the induced sputum IL-10 level, FEV1%pred and the PaO2 were markedly increased in the three treatment groups compared with the values pre-therapy (all P<0.01). The post-treatment parameters were significantly different among the three groups (P<0.01). The results indicate that IL-8 and IL-10 are involved in the airway inflammation of AECOPD complicated by CCP. Treatment with an ICS was demonstrated to be a successful method of reducing the local expression of IL-8 and increasing the local expression of IL-10; however, ICS combined with a long-acting ?2-adrenoceptor agonist (LABA) was more effective than the sole administration of ICS in patients with AECOPD complicated by CCP at high altitude. PMID:24137259

Feng, Enzhi; Wan, Ronghua; Yang, Shengyue; Yan, Ziqiang; Wang, Shaolin; He, Wei; Zhang, Ying; Yin, He; Chen, Zongru; Liu, Ruinian

2013-09-01

54

Physical and mathematical aspects of blood-glucose- and insulin-level kinetics in patients with coronary heart disease and high risk of its development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The intravenous glucose tolerance test was performed to estimate the kinetics of blood glucose and insulin levels. Glucose was injected in individual standardized dose (0.5 g. per 1 kg of body weight). Three groups of patients were checked up: 1) patients with coronary heart disease verified by cicatricial alterations in myocardium found by electrocardiographic and echocardiographic methods; 2) children of patients with transmural myocardial infarction practically healthy at the moment of study; 3) persons practically healthy at the moment of study without any indications on cardiovascular diseases and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus among all ancestors and relatives who frequently were long-livers. Last groups didn't differ by age and sex. Peripheral blood glucose level, immunoreactive and free insulin (tested by muscular tissue) were studied just before glucose injection (on an empty stomach) and 4 times after it. The received discrete data were approximated by high degree polynomials, the estimation of blood glucose and insulin time functions symmetric was performed. The deceleration of degradation of insulin circulating in peripheral blood and the time decrease of second phase of insulin secretion were analytically established. This fact proves the complicated mechanism of insulin alterations in atherosclerosis, consisting not only of insulin resistance of peripheral tissues but of decrease of plastic processes in insulin- generating cells.

Denisova, Tatyana P.; Malinova, Lidia I.; Malinov, Igor A.

2001-05-01

55

High levels of SIRT1 expression enhance tumorigenesis and associate with a poor prognosis of colorectal carcinoma patients.  

PubMed

SIRT1, a NAD(+) dependent class III deacetylase, takes part in many important biological processes. Previous studies show that SIRT1 is overexpressed in some cancers and plays an essential role in tumorigenesis. However, the association between SIRT1 and colorectal cancer (CRC) is still unclear. We found that many CRC specimens had strong SIRT1 expression, which had an obvious correlation with poor prognosis of CRC patients. Meanwhile, SIRT1 expression had a co-localization with CD133, a current universal marker to characterize colorectal cancer stem cells (CSCs). In vitro studies also revealed that SIRT1 was overexpressed in colorectal CSC-like cells. Moreover, SIRT1 deficiency decreased percentage of CD133(+) cells, attenuated the abilities of colony and sphere formation, and inhibited tumorigenicity in vivo in CRC cells. Further study demonstrated that the expressions of several stemness-associated genes, including Oct4, Nanog, Cripto, Tert and Lin28, were reduced by SIRT1 knockdown in CRC cells. Taken together, our findings suggest that SIRT1 plays a crucial role in keeping the characteristics of CSCs cells. SIRT1 is a potential independent prognostic factor of CRC patients after tumor resection with curative intent, and will contribute to providing a promising new approach to target at CSCs in CRC treatment. PMID:25500546

Chen, Xiaojing; Sun, Kai; Jiao, Shufan; Cai, Ning; Zhao, Xue; Zou, Hanbing; Xie, Yuexia; Wang, Zhengshi; Zhong, Ming; Wei, Lixin

2014-01-01

56

High levels of SIRT1 expression enhance tumorigenesis and associate with a poor prognosis of colorectal carcinoma patients  

PubMed Central

SIRT1, a NAD+ dependent class III deacetylase, takes part in many important biological processes. Previous studies show that SIRT1 is overexpressed in some cancers and plays an essential role in tumorigenesis. However, the association between SIRT1 and colorectal cancer (CRC) is still unclear. We found that many CRC specimens had strong SIRT1 expression, which had an obvious correlation with poor prognosis of CRC patients. Meanwhile, SIRT1 expression had a co-localization with CD133, a current universal marker to characterize colorectal cancer stem cells (CSCs). In vitro studies also revealed that SIRT1 was overexpressed in colorectal CSC-like cells. Moreover, SIRT1 deficiency decreased percentage of CD133+ cells, attenuated the abilities of colony and sphere formation, and inhibited tumorigenicity in vivo in CRC cells. Further study demonstrated that the expressions of several stemness-associated genes, including Oct4, Nanog, Cripto, Tert and Lin28, were reduced by SIRT1 knockdown in CRC cells. Taken together, our findings suggest that SIRT1 plays a crucial role in keeping the characteristics of CSCs cells. SIRT1 is a potential independent prognostic factor of CRC patients after tumor resection with curative intent, and will contribute to providing a promising new approach to target at CSCs in CRC treatment. PMID:25500546

Chen, Xiaojing; Sun, Kai; Jiao, Shufan; Cai, Ning; Zhao, Xue; Zou, Hanbing; Xie, Yuexia; Wang, Zhengshi; Zhong, Ming; Wei, Lixin

2014-01-01

57

High levels of CD4(+) CTLA-4 (+) Treg cells and CCR5 density in HIV-1-infected patients with visceral leishmaniasis.  

PubMed

Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in HIV-1-infected patients has been associated with poor immunological recovery and frequent disease relapses. The aim of this study was to analyse the role of T cell populations, Treg cells and CCR5 density in patients with VL compared to HIV-1-infected patients without leishmaniasis. A cross-sectional study of nine Leishmania-HIV-1-coinfected (LH) patients with VL receiving suppressive cART for at least 1 year were compared to 16 HIV-1-infected patients with non-immunological response (NIR, CD4 count below 250 cells/mm(3)) and 26 HIV-1-infected patients with immunological response (IR, CD4 count above 500 cells/mm(3)) without leishmaniasis. LH patients had a deep depletion of naďve T cells (p?=?0.002), despite similar levels of effector T cells compared to NIR patients. CD4 Treg cells were similar compared to NIR patients, but higher compared to IR patients (p?patients compared to either NIR or IR patients (p?=?0.022 and p?patients, but higher compared to IR patients (p?=?0.017). CCR5(+) T cell levels were higher compared to IR patients (p?patients (p?levels of CD4(+) CTLA-4(+) Treg cells and CCR5 density on CD8(+) T cells are strongly associated with VL in HIV-1-infected patients. Also, these patients have a poor immunological profile that might explain the persistence and relapse of the pathogen. PMID:25142804

Vallejo, A; Abad-Fernández, M; Moreno, S; Moreno, A; Pérez-Elías, M J; Dronda, F; Casado, J L

2015-02-01

58

Interpreting hair mercury levels in individual patients.  

PubMed

Evaluation of mercury exposure in an individual patient ideally includes the presenting history, physical examination, consideration of the differential diagnosis, and mercury analysis of blood and urine specimens. Analysis of mercury in hair specimens may supply useful supplemental information about exposure to organic compounds such as methylmercury, particularly to help reconstruct the pattern of prior exposure. The most appropriate specimen is generally terminal-type hair from the occipital-neck junction, clamped to maintain strand alignment, and oriented to the scalp. Hair from the initial 0.5 cm adjacent to the scalp represents on average 1-3 wk before collection, and consideration of the time frame represented by the specimen is an important part of the evaluation. Literature reports describe hair mercury levels as high as 2400 microg/g. Hair mercury level is usually <1 microg/g in individuals who do not eat fish but may be >30 microg/g in those who frequently consume fish with high mercury content. Hair mercury level is often not correlated with blood mercury concentration or symptoms of mercury toxicity, and reports of hair contamination by exogenous mercury are not uncommon. Hair mercury level is notoriously prone to misinterpretation and should be used with an understanding of its limitations. PMID:16951265

Nuttall, Kern L

2006-01-01

59

Prognostic importance of baseline and serial glycated hemoglobin levels in high-risk patients with type 2 diabetes: the Rio de Janeiro Type 2 Diabetes Cohort Study.  

PubMed

The prognostic importance of baseline and serial glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) changes for cardiovascular outcomes is still debated. We aimed to evaluate it in 620 high-risk individuals with type 2 diabetes (mean age 60.4 years, 37 % males, 55 % Caucasians). Patients had HbA1c levels measured at study entry and serially during follow-up. Primary end points were total cardiovascular events (CVEs), major CVEs (non-fatal myocardial infarctions and strokes plus cardiovascular deaths) and all-cause mortality. Cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular mortalities were secondary end points. HbA1c was evaluated either as a continuous variable and categorized at clinically relevant cutoffs. Multivariate Cox regressions assessed the associations with end points. After a median follow-up of 6.6 years, 125 total CVEs occurred (90 major CVEs), and 111 patients died (64 from cardiovascular diseases). After statistical adjustments for other cardiovascular risk factors, baseline and mean first-year HbA1c predicted all end points, except non-cardiovascular deaths; and hazard ratios tended to be higher for mean first year than for baseline HbA1c. Each 1 % (10.9 mmol/mol) increase in mean first-year HbA1c increased 27 % the risk of major CVEs occurrence (95 % CI 11-45 %). Updating HbA1c for values obtained beyond the second year of follow-up did not improve its predictive performance. The cardiovascular protection was observed until HbA1c values lower than 6.5 % (48 mmol/mol). Moreover, the magnitude of HbA1c reduction during the first year of follow-up was predictive of better cardiovascular outcomes, independent of baseline HbA1c levels. In conclusion, better glycemic control, especially during the first year of follow-up, is determinant of better cardiovascular outcomes in high-risk patients with type 2 diabetes, without any detectable lower threshold level of HbA1c. PMID:24816865

Cardoso, Claudia R L; Leite, Nathalie C; Ferreira, Marcel T; Salles, Gil F

2015-02-01

60

Vancomycin-resistant vanB-type Enterococcus faecium isolates expressing varying levels of vancomycin resistance and being highly prevalent among neonatal patients in a single ICU  

PubMed Central

Background Vancomycin-resistant isolates of E. faecalis and E. faecium are of special concern and patients at risk of acquiring a VRE colonization/infection include also intensively-cared neonates. We describe here an ongoing high prevalence of VanB type E. faecium in a neonatal ICU hardly to identify by routine diagnostics. Methods During a 10?months’ key period 71 E. faecium isolates including 67 vanB-type isolates from 61 patients were collected non-selectively. Vancomycin resistance was determined by different MIC methods (broth microdilution, Vitek® 2) including two Etest® protocols (McFarland 0.5/2.0. on Mueller-Hinton/Brain Heart Infusion agars). Performance of three chromogenic VRE agars to identify the vanB type outbreak VRE was evaluated (BrillianceTM VRE agar, chromIDTM VRE agar, CHROMagarTM VRE). Isolates were genotyped by SmaI- and CeuI-macrorestriction analysis in PFGE, plasmid profiling, vanB Southern hybridisations as well as MLST typing. Results Majority of vanB isolates (n?=?56, 79%) belonged to a single ST192 outbreak strain type showing an identical PFGE pattern and analyzed representative isolates revealed a chromosomal localization of a vanB2-Tn5382 cluster type. Vancomycin MICs in cation-adjusted MH broth revealed a susceptible value of ?4?mg/L for 31 (55%) of the 56 outbreak VRE isolates. Etest® vancomycin on MH and BHI agars revealed only two vanB VRE isolates with a susceptible result; in general Etest® MIC results were about 1 to 2 doubling dilutions higher than MICs assessed in broth and values after the 48?h readout were 0.5 to 1 doubling dilutions higher for vanB VRE. Of all vanB type VRE only three, three and two isolates did not grow on BrillianceTM VRE agar, chromIDTM VRE agar and CHROMagarTM VRE, respectively. Permanent cross contamination via the patients’ surrounding appeared as a possible risk factor for permanent VRE colonization/infection. Conclusions Low level expression of vanB resistance may complicate a proper routine diagnostics of vanB VRE and mask an ongoing high VRE prevalence. A high inoculum and growth on rich solid media showed the highest sensitivity in identifying vanB type resistance. PMID:22958440

2012-01-01

61

Cognitive high level information fusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fusion of sensor and communication data currently can only be performed at a late processing stage after sensor and textual information are formulated as logical statements at appropriately high level of abstraction. Contrary to this it seems, the human mind integrates sensor and language signals seamlessly, before signals are understood, at pre-conceptual level. Learning of conceptual contents of the surrounding

Leonid I. Perlovsky

2007-01-01

62

Fibrinopeptide A levels in patients with acute ischaemic heart disease.  

PubMed

Fibrinopeptide A (FPA) levels were determined in 40 consecutive patients admitted to the coronary care unit with a typical history of chest pain: in 24 of them a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and in 16 a diagnosis of angina was made. Seven of the patients with AMI suffered from recurrent episodes of early post-infarctional angina. FPA levels were determined in each patient on admission and every 4 h for 48 h. On admission in patients with both angina and AMI the FPA levels were significantly higher than in normal controls; these levels were higher in patients with AMI than in those with angina, but this difference was not significant. In patients with angina the values decreased progressively after 12 h to baseline values, while in those with AMI the high levels of FPA persisted throughout the 48-hour observation period. In many instances, particularly after 24 h, the differences between the two groups were statistically significant. In patients with early post-infarctional angina the episode of angor was preceded by or corresponded to a new great elevation of FPA levels. These data suggest that the thrombin generation is higher and more prolonged in patients with AMI than in those with angina; the determination of FPA levels, which are an index of 'in vivo' thrombin generation, can be useful to follow the clinical course of ischaemic heart disease. PMID:2744631

Pacchiarini, L; Storti, C; Zucchella, M; Salerno, J A; Grignani, G; Fratino, P

1989-01-01

63

High pressure liquid level monitor  

DOEpatents

A liquid level monitor for tracking the level of a coal slurry in a high-pressure vessel including a toroidal-shaped float with magnetically permeable bands thereon disposed within the vessel, two pairs of magnetic field generators and detectors disposed outside the vessel adjacent the top and bottom thereof and magnetically coupled to the magnetically permeable bands on the float, and signal processing circuitry for combining signals from the top and bottom detectors for generating a monotonically increasing analog control signal which is a function of liquid level. The control signal may be utilized to operate high-pressure control valves associated with processes in which the high-pressure vessel is used.

Bean, Vern E. (Frederick, MD); Long, Frederick G. (Ijamsville, MD)

1984-01-01

64

Pharmacological intervention based on fecal calprotectin levels in patients with ulcerative colitis at high risk of a relapse: A prospective, randomized, controlled study  

PubMed Central

Background Targeted therapy, using biomarkers to assess disease activity in ulcerative colitis (UC), has been proposed. Objective The objective of this study was to evaluate whether pharmacological intervention guided by fecal calprotectin (FC) prolongs remission in patients with UC. Methods A total of 91 adults with UC in remission were randomized to an intervention group or a control group. Analysis of FC was performed monthly, during 18 months. A FC value of 300?µg/g was set as the cut-off for intervention, which was a dose escalation of the oral 5-aminosalicylate (5-ASA) agent. The primary study end-point was the number of patients to have relapsed by month 18. Results There were relapses in 18 (35.3%) and 20 (50.0%) patients in the intervention and the control groups, respectively (p?=?0.23); and 28 (54.9%) patients in the intervention group and 28 (70.0%) patients in the control group had a FC?>?300?µg/g, of which 8 (28.6%) and 16 (57.1%) relapsed, respectively (p?levels might be used to identify patients with UC at risk for a flare, and a dose escalation of their 5-ASA agent is a therapeutic option for these patients. PMID:25653861

Öhman, Lena; Stotzer, Per-Ove; Isaksson, Stefan; Überbacher, Otto; Ung, Kjell-Arne; Strid, Hans

2015-01-01

65

High-level expression of Rad51 is an independent prognostic marker of survival in non-small-cell lung cancer patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

High-level expression of Rad51, a key factor in homologous recombination, has been observed in a variety of human malignancies. This study was aimed to evaluate Rad51 expression to serve as prognostic marker in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A total of 383 non-small-cell lung tumours were analysed immunohistochemically on NSCLC tissue microarrays. High-level Rad51 expression was observed in 29.4% (100 out

G-B Qiao; Y-L Wu; X-N Yang; W-Z Zhong; D Xie; X-Y Guan; D Fischer; H-C Kolberg; S Kruger; H-W Stuerzbecher

2005-01-01

66

High level controls at RHIC  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on the software tools and techniques in development to ensure that the commissioning and operations teams for RHIC have access to high level analysis, diagnosis, modelling and control functions early in the start up of the machine. The first tests will be for the sextant test in mid-1995.

Peggs, S.; Saltmarsh, C.; Satogata, T.; Fryer, M.

1994-12-01

67

High-Level Radioactive Waste.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a method to calculate the amount of high-level radioactive waste by taking into consideration the following factors: the fission process that yields the waste, identification of the waste, the energy required to run a 1-GWe plant for one year, and the uranium mass required to produce that energy. Briefly discusses waste disposal and…

Hayden, Howard C.

1995-01-01

68

Genetic determination of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol and apolipoprotein A-1 plasma levels in a family study of cardiac catheterization patients.  

PubMed Central

Plasma levels of two lipoprotein risk factors, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) and apolipoprotein A-1 (apo A-1), have been shown to be negatively associated with the risk of developing coronary artery disease, and several reports have examined familial factors in HDL-C and apo A-1 levels. A number of studies suggest that shared genes influence familial resemblance of these lipoprotein levels far more than do shared environments. Possible mechanisms for the inheritance of these two risk factors (HDL-C and apo A-1 plasma levels) are explored using data from 390 individuals in 69 families ascertained through probands undergoing diagnostic cardiac catheterization. Segregation analysis was used to test a series of specific models of inheritance. Evidence for single-locus control of apo A-1 levels, with Mendelian transmission of a dominant allele leading to elevated apo A-1 levels, was seen in these families, although there was additional correlation among sibs present. This locus accounted for 48.6% and 37.2% of the total variation in apo A-1 levels in males and females, respectively. Similar evidence of segregation at a single locus controlling HDL-C levels was not seen in these families. PMID:1415250

Prenger, V L; Beaty, T H; Kwiterovich, P O

1992-01-01

69

Plasma ghrelin levels in patients with Familial Mediterranean Fever.  

PubMed

Familial mediterranean fever (FMF) is a familial disease characterized by recurrent episodes of febrile serositis, peritonitis, arthritis and pleuritis. Many studies have been performed is an attempt to understand the basis of the inflammatory attacts in FMF. Ghrelin, a recently described orexigene peptide is predominantly produced by stomach. Ghrelin also exerts multiple regulatory effects on immune system. It has reported that grelin has anti-inflammatory effects. There is currently no published evidence demonstrating a role for anti-inflammatory effects of ghrelin in FMF. For this reason, we investigated the role of plasma ghrelin levels in patients with FMF. Thirty seven patients with FMF and 10 healthy controls (5 female, 5 male; mean age 35.4 +/- 5.6 years) were enrolled in this study. Twenty-one patients were in active stage (10 female, 11 male, mean age; 31.0 +/- 5.4 years, mean disease duration 7.2 +/- 3.3 years) and 16 patients were in inactive stage (7 female,9 male, mean age; 33.0 +/- 6.0 years, mean disease duration; 8.7 +/- 3.2 years). Plasma ghrelin levels were determined by EIA. The mean plasma ghrelin levels were 158.4 +/- 52.9 pg/ml in patients with FMF and 56.7 +/- 7.5 pg/ml in healthy controls. The mean plasma ghrelin levels were 190.5 +/- 49.4 pg/ml in the active patients and 116.2 +/- 11.7 pg/ml in the inactive patients. Plasma ghrelin levels were significantly high in patients with FMF compared to healthy controls (p<0.001). Plasma ghrelin levels were significantly high in the active patients compared to in the inactive patients and healthy controls (p<0.001 and p<0.001 respectively). There was significantly difference between in active and inactive patients with FMF (p<0.001). As a results; Plasma ghrelin levels were high both in active and inactive patients with FMF. It is showed that ghrelin may play significant role of the pathogenesis of FMF. PMID:19601914

Keskin, Göksal; Inal, Ali; Ilikçi, Rah?an; Baysal, Ozan

2009-01-01

70

High levels of IgG class antibodies to recombinant HSP60 kDa of Yersinia enterocolitica in sera of patients with uveitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims: To determine the levels of IgG class antibodies to recombinant heat shock protein 60 kDa of Yersinia enterocolitica (rHSP60Ye), Klebsiella pneumoniae (rHSP60Kp), Escherichia coli (rHSP60Ec), Shigella flexneri (rHSP60Sf), and Streptococcus pyogenes (rHSP60Sp) in the serum of patients with HLA-B27 associated acute anterior uveitis (HLA-B27 associated AAU), idiopathic acute anterior uveitis (idiopathic AAU), pars planitis, Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH), and healthy subjects.Methods:

J C Cancino-Diaz; L Vargas-Rodri?guez; N Grinberg-Zylberbaum; M A Reyes-Lo?pez; M L Domi?nguez-Lo?pez; A Pablo-Velazquez; M E Cancino-Diaz

2004-01-01

71

Annotated definition of BCL11A and HMIP-2 haplotypes through the analysis of sicilian ?-thalassemia patients with high levels of fetal hemoglobin.  

PubMed

Fetal hemoglobin (Hb F) is the principal ameliorating factor of ?-thalassemia (?-thal) and sickle cell disease. Persistent production in adult life is a quantitative trait regulated by loci inside or outside the ?-globin gene cluster. From genome-wide association studies, principal quantitative trait loci (QTL) (accounting for 50.0% of Hb F variability in different populations) have been identified in the BCL11A gene, HBS1L-MYB intergenic polymorphism and the ?-globin gene cluster itself. In this study, we analyzed quantitative trait haplotypes in two Sicilian families with extremely mild ?-thal and unusually high Hb F expression, in order to examine possible genetic background variations in a similar ?-thalassemic phenotype. This study redefines the linkage disequilibrium blocks at these loci, but also shows slight differences between probands in haplotype combinations which could reflect different mechanisms of high Hb F production in patients with ?-thal. We proposed a haplotype-based approach as a useful tool for the understanding of ?-thal phenotype variation in patients with similar ?-thalassemic backgrounds in an attempt to answer the recurring question of why patients with the same ?-thalassemic genotype show different phenotypes. PMID:23777413

Buccheri, Maria A; Spina, Sonia; Ruberto, Concetta; Lombardo, Turi; Labie, Dominique; Ragusa, And Angela

2013-01-01

72

The cost-effectiveness and public health benefit of nalmefene added to psychosocial support for the reduction of alcohol consumption in alcohol-dependent patients with high/very high drinking risk levels: a Markov model  

PubMed Central

Objectives To determine whether nalmefene combined with psychosocial support is cost-effective compared with psychosocial support alone for reducing alcohol consumption in alcohol-dependent patients with high/very high drinking risk levels (DRLs) as defined by the WHO, and to evaluate the public health benefit of reducing harmful alcohol-attributable diseases, injuries and deaths. Design Decision modelling using Markov chains compared costs and effects over 5?years. Setting The analysis was from the perspective of the National Health Service (NHS) in England and Wales. Participants The model considered the licensed population for nalmefene, specifically adults with both alcohol dependence and high/very high DRLs, who do not require immediate detoxification and who continue to have high/very high DRLs after initial assessment. Data sources We modelled treatment effect using data from three clinical trials for nalmefene (ESENSE 1 (NCT00811720), ESENSE 2 (NCT00812461) and SENSE (NCT00811941)). Baseline characteristics of the model population, treatment resource utilisation and utilities were from these trials. We estimated the number of alcohol-attributable events occurring at different levels of alcohol consumption based on published epidemiological risk-relation studies. Health-related costs were from UK sources. Main outcome measures We measured incremental cost per quality-adjusted life year (QALY) gained and number of alcohol-attributable harmful events avoided. Results Nalmefene in combination with psychosocial support had an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of Ł5204 per QALY gained, and was therefore cost-effective at the Ł20?000 per QALY gained decision threshold. Sensitivity analyses showed that the conclusion was robust. Nalmefene plus psychosocial support led to the avoidance of 7179 alcohol-attributable diseases/injuries and 309 deaths per 100?000 patients compared to psychosocial support alone over the course of 5?years. Conclusions Nalmefene can be seen as a cost-effective treatment for alcohol dependence, with substantial public health benefits. Trial registration numbers This cost-effectiveness analysis was developed based on data from three randomised clinical trials: ESENSE 1 (NCT00811720), ESENSE 2 (NCT00812461) and SENSE (NCT00811941). PMID:25227627

Laramée, Philippe; Brodtkorb, Thor-Henrik; Rahhali, Nora; Knight, Chris; Barbosa, Carolina; François, Clément; Toumi, Mondher; Daeppen, Jean-Bernard; Rehm, Jürgen

2014-01-01

73

Influence of high-flux hemodialysis and hemodiafiltration on serum C-terminal agrin fragment levels in end-stage renal disease patients.  

PubMed

C-terminal agrin fragment (CAF, 22 kDa) has been shown to be a promising new rapid biomarker for kidney function. This study evaluated the influence of hemodialysis (HD) and hemodiafiltration (HDF) treatment on serum CAF concentrations in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). A total of 36 patients with ESRD undergoing chronic HD/HDF treatment were enrolled (21 high-flux-HD/Fx60 membrane, 7 high-flux-HD/Elisio19H membrane, and 8 HDF/Elisio19H membrane). On a midweek session, blood samples were obtained before, at halftime, and post-treatment. Dialysate samples were obtained 4 times during treatment. Serum and dialysate CAF, cystatin C, urea, and creatinine concentrations were measured. Reduction ratios (RRs), total solute removal, overall dialytic clearance, and instantaneous dialytic clearance at halftime were calculated and compared. Although HD/Elisio19H and HDF/Elisio19H treatments significantly reduced CAF concentrations (RR 46.6 ± 9.1% and 57.6 ± 11.7%, respectively, P = 0.018 and P = 0.001), HD/Fx60 treatment did not remove CAF from serum (RR 2.4 ± 15.4%, P = 0.25), there was no relevant CAF detection in dialysate. In the HD/Fx60 group, the RR of CAF was significantly lower compared with cystatin C, urea, and creatinine, in which significant removal was detected (37.9 ± 14.8%, 65.0 ± 10.7%, and 56.0 ± 9.8%, respectively, P < 0.001). CAF is a new biomarker for kidney function whose serum concentration is not influenced by conventional high-flux HD using Fx60 membrane. It might therefore represent a promising dialysis-independent biomarker for evaluation of kidney function, for example, in acute kidney failure. PMID:24907476

Steubl, Dominik; Hettwer, Stefan; Dahinden, Pius; Wolf, Petra; Luppa, Peter; Wagner, Carsten A; Küchle, Claudius; Schmaderer, Christoph; Renders, Lutz; Heemann, Uwe; Roos, Marcel

2014-11-01

74

Assessing the utility of testing aluminum levels in dialysis patients.  

PubMed

Plasma aluminum (Al) is routinely tested in many dialysis patients. Aluminum exposure may lead to acute toxicity and levels in excess of ?2.2??mol/L (60??g/L) should be avoided. Historically, toxicity has been caused by excessive dialyzate Al but modern reverse osmosis (RO) water should be Al free. Nevertheless, many units continue to perform routine Al levels on dialysis patients. This single-center study retrospectively analyzed Al levels in plasma, raw water feed, and RO product between 2010 and 2013 using our database (Nephworks 6) with the aim of determining the utility of these measurements. Two thousand fifty-eight plasma Al tests in 755 patients (61.9% male, mean age 64.7 years) were reviewed showing mean?±?SD of 0.41?±?0.30??mol/L. One hundred eleven (5.4%) tests from 61 patients had Al levels >0.74??mol/L and 45 (73.8%) of these patients were or had been prescribed Al hydroxide (Al(OH)3 ) as a phosphate binder. Seven patients had Al concentrations >2.2??mol/L with no source of Al identified in 1 patient. One hundred sixty-six patients taking Al(OH)3 (78.7% of all patients on Al(OH)3 ) had levels ?0.74??mol/L, the odds ratio of plasma Al?>?0.74??mol/L on Al(OH)3 was 9. The cost of plasma Al assay is $A30.60; thus, costs were $A62,974.80 over the study period. Despite RO feed water Al levels as high as 48??mol/L, Al output from the RO was almost always undetectable (<0.1??mol/L) with dialyzate Al levels?>?2.2??mol/L only 3 times since 2010, and never in the last 3 years. Routine unselected testing of plasma Al appears unnecessary and expensive and more selective testing in dialysis patients should be considered. PMID:25306885

Sharma, Ashish K; Toussaint, Nigel D; Pickering, Janice; Beeston, Tony; Smith, Edward R; Holt, Stephen G

2014-10-13

75

Low Literacy Levels in Adults: Implications for Patient Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health-education materials often require reading levels higher than that of many patients. Nurses need awareness of the prevalence of low literacy and the ability to assess reading levels so they can develop appropriate patient-education materials. (SK)

Fisher, Evelyn

1999-01-01

76

Elevated IL-6 levels in patients with atypical depression but not in patients with typical depression.  

PubMed

Elevated levels of the proinflammatory cytokine Interleukin-6 (IL-6) are among the most consistent findings in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Additionally, some evidence suggests that elevated cytokine levels in patients with major depression are responsible for the development of metabolic syndrome in patients suffering from MDD. Therefore, the aim of the study was to examine the concentrations of IL-6 in specific subtypes of MDD and to investigate their relationship to metabolic factors. Twenty-four patients with typical (24) and atypical (eight) major depression according to DSM-IV criteria were studied and compared to 24 normal controls. Blood samples were collected during a stepwise glucose-clamp procedure, and IL-6 concentrations were measured by high sensitivity ELISA. IL-6 levels were elevated in patients suffering from atypical depression but not in patients with typical depression, compared to normal controls. IL-6 correlated significantly with HbA1c, insulin, waist girth, BMI, number of alcoholic drinks per week and C-reactive protein. Our data indicate that high concentrations of IL-6 during the glucose clamp may be limited to the atypical subgroup of patients with MDD. PMID:24673855

Rudolf, Sebastian; Greggersen, Wiebke; Kahl, Kai Gustav; Hüppe, Michael; Schweiger, Ulrich

2014-06-30

77

Association between the ankle–brachial index, intermittent claudication, and physical activity level: what is the influence on the functional capacity of patients with or at high risk of cardiovascular disease?  

PubMed Central

Background Patients with or at high risk of cardiovascular disease have a poor functional capacity; however, the influence of association among intermittent claudication (IC), abnormal ankle–brachial index (ABI), and physical activity level on functional capacity of these patients has not been fully studied. Objective The primary objective of this study was to investigate the association between the ABI, IC, and physical activity level, and the influence of these variables on the functional capacity of patients with or at high risk of cardiovascular disease seen in a reference cardiology outpatient clinic in Southern Brazil. The secondary objective was to assess the prevalence of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in this sample of patients. Patients and methods This was a prospective cross-sectional study in which 162 consecutive patients were evaluated and classified into three groups according to their ABI: normal ABI (n=104, values between 1.00 and 1.40); borderline PAD (n=23, values between 0.91 and 1.00); and patients with PAD (n=35, ?0.90). The presence of IC was assessed using the Edinburgh Claudication Questionnaire. The level of physical activity was assessed by the short version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and functional capacity was assessed by the 6-minute walk distance (6MWD). Results The prevalence of PAD was 21.6% in the total sample. The 6MWD showed strong correlation with the absence of IC (r=0.785; P<0.001), moderate correlation with age (r=?0.347; P<0.001), and weak correlations with IPAQ scores (r=0.164; P=0.038) and ABI (r=0.216; P=0.006). Age, ABI, and absence of IC were independently associated with the outcome (P=0.001, P=0.001, and P=0.028, respectively). Conclusion The current study demonstrates that 6MWD is associated with IPAQ scores, ABI, and absence of IC. Age, ABI and absence of IC were independently associated with functional capacity in patients with or at high risk of cardiovascular disease. PMID:25670912

Nardi Gomes, Tiago José; Martins de Albuquerque, Isabella; de Moraes Costa, Patrícia; Cardoso, Dannuey Machado; de Moraes Costa, Gabriela; da Costa Vieira, José Luiz

2015-01-01

78

Persistently High Plasma Morphine6Glucuronide Levels Despite Decreased Hourly Patient-Controlled Analgesia Morphine Use After Single-Dose Diclofenac: Potential for Opioid-Related Toxicity  

Microsoft Academic Search

We studied the time course of clinical and pharmacoki- netic effects after the rectal administration of diclofenac 100 mg in seven patients using patient-controlled mor- phine (PCA) on the first postoperative day after major spinal surgery. Plots of plasma diclofenac concentra- tions and pain intensity difference (PID) demonstrated counterclockwise hysteresis consistent with distribu- tion to a central effect compartment such

K. Elaine Tighe; Andrew M. Webb; Gregory J. Hobbs

79

High temperature liquid level sensor  

DOEpatents

A length of metal sheathed metal oxide cable is perforated to permit liquid access to the insulation about a pair of conductors spaced close to one another. Changes in resistance across the conductors will be a function of liquid level, since the wetted insulation will have greater electrical conductivity than that of the dry insulation above the liquid elevation.

Tokarz, Richard D. (West Richland, WA)

1983-01-01

80

Serum levels of interleukin 6 in patients with lung cancer.  

PubMed Central

Serum interleukin 6 (IL-6) levels were measured in 75 patients with lung cancer and in 20 patients with benign lung diseases. IL-6 was detectable in 29 patients with lung cancer (39%), but was not detectable in any of the patients with benign lung diseases. Serum C-reactive protein levels and plasma fibrinogen levels were significantly higher and serum albumin concentration was significantly lower in lung cancer patients with detectable serum IL-6 levels than in those without detectable serum IL-6 levels and in patients with benign lung diseases. On the other hand, no significant difference was observed in blood platelet counts in these three groups. Moreover, serum IL-6 levels were not significantly different in lung cancer patients with or without clinically demonstrated distant metastasis. These results suggest that IL-6 may be a mediator of various reactions including an inflammatory response in lung cancer patients. PMID:7734307

Yanagawa, H.; Sone, S.; Takahashi, Y.; Haku, T.; Yano, S.; Shinohara, T.; Ogura, T.

1995-01-01

81

High Bilirubin Levels Interfere with Serum Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase Determination: Relevance as a Marker of Bone Resorption in Jaundiced Patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   Serum tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAcP) activity is considered to be a biochemical marker of bone resorption. Recently,\\u000a a lack of specificity of collagen-related markers for assessing bone turnover has been observed in patients with chronic liver\\u000a disease. Thus, it could be of great interest to determine serum TRAcP activity in such patients. However, nonspecificity of\\u000a the analytical reaction could

L. Alvarez; P. Peris; J. L. Bedini; A. Parés; A. Monegal; N. Guańabens; E. Mas; C. Aibar; A. M. Ballesta

1999-01-01

82

Efficacy of As-Needed Nalmefene in Alcohol-Dependent Patients with at Least a High Drinking Risk Level: Results from a Subgroup Analysis of Two Randomized Controlled 6-Month Studies  

PubMed Central

Aims: The aim of the study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of as-needed use of nalmefene 18 mg versus placebo in reducing alcohol consumption in patients who did not reduce their alcohol consumption after an initial assessment, i.e. the pooled subgroup of patients with at least a high drinking risk level (men: >60 g/day; women: >40 g/day) at both screening and randomization from the two randomized controlled 6-month studies ESENSE 1 (NCT00811720) and ESENSE 2 (NCT00812461). Methods: Nalmefene 18 mg and placebo were taken on an as-needed basis. All the patients also received a motivational and adherence-enhancing intervention (BRENDA). The co-primary outcomes were number of heavy drinking days (HDDs) and mean total alcohol consumption (g/day) in Month 6 measured using the Timeline Follow-back method. Additionally, data on clinical improvement, liver function and safety were collected throughout the study. Results: The pooled population consisted of 667 patients: placebo n = 332; nalmefene n = 335. There was a superior effect of nalmefene compared with placebo in reducing the number of HDDs [treatment difference: ?3.2 days (95% CI: ?4.8; ?1.6); P < 0.0001] and total alcohol consumption [treatment difference: ?14.3 g/day (?20.8; ?7.8); P < 0.0001] at Month 6. Improvements in clinical status and liver parameters were greater in the nalmefene group compared with the placebo group. Adverse events and adverse events leading to dropout were more common with nalmefene than placebo. Conclusion: As-needed nalmefene was efficacious in reducing alcohol consumption in patients with at least a high drinking risk level at both screening and randomization, and the effect in this subgroup was larger than in the total population. PMID:23873853

van den Brink, Wim; Aubin, Henri-Jean; Bladström, Anna; Torup, Lars; Gual, Antoni; Mann, Karl

2013-01-01

83

High levels of multidrug resistant tuberculosis in new and treatment-failure patients from the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme in an urban metropolis (Mumbai) in Western India  

PubMed Central

Background India, China and Russia account for more than 62% of multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDRTB) globally. Within India, locations like urban metropolitan Mumbai with its burgeoning population and high incidence of TB are suspected to be a focus for MDRTB. However apart from sporadic surveys at watched sites in the country, there has been no systematic attempt by the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) of India to determine the extent of MDRTB in Mumbai that could feed into national estimates. Drug susceptibility testing (DST) is not routinely performed as a part of programme policy and public health laboratory infrastructure, is limited and poorly equipped to cope with large scale testing. Methods From April 2004 to January 2007 we determined the extent of drug resistance in 724 {493 newly diagnosed, previously untreated and 231 first line treatment failures (sputum-smear positive at the fifth month after commencement of therapy)} cases of pulmonary tuberculosis drawn from the RNTCP in four suboptimally performing municipal wards of Mumbai. The observations were obtained using a modified radiorespirometric Buddemeyer assay and validated by the Swedish Institute for Infectious Disease Control, Stockholm, a supranational reference laboratory. Data was analyzed utilizing SPSS 10.0 and Epi Info 2002. Results This study undertaken for the first time in RNTCP outpatients in Mumbai reveals a high proportion of MDRTB strains in both previously untreated (24%) and treatment-failure cases (41%). Amongst new cases, resistance to 3 or 4 drug combinations (amplified drug resistance) including isoniazid (H) and rifampicin (R), was greater (20%) than resistance to H and R alone (4%) at any point in time during the study. The trend for monoresistance was similar in both groups remaining highest to H and lowest to R. External quality control revealed good agreement for H and R resistance (k = 0.77 and 0.76 respectively). Conclusion Levels of MDRTB are much higher in both previously untreated and first line treatment-failure cases in the selected wards in Mumbai than those projected by national estimates. The finding of amplified drug resistance suggests the presence of a well entrenched MDRTB scenario. This study suggests that a wider set of surveillance sites are needed to obtain a more realistic view of the true MDRTB rates throughout the country. This would assist in the planning of an adequate response to the diagnosis and care of MDRTB. PMID:19563647

D'souza, Desiree TB; Mistry, Nerges F; Vira, Tina S; Dholakia, Yatin; Hoffner, Sven; Pasvol, Geoffrey; Nicol, Mark; Wilkinson, Robert J

2009-01-01

84

High Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG) Levels in Older Patients with Acute Hip Fracture Are Correlated with Worse Function and Increased Bone Resorption  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Previous studies suggested that higher SHBG levels are associated with an increased hip fracture risk and that higher testosterone levels may reduce the odds of falling among men and women age 65 and older. The objective of this study is to examine the correlation of serum testosterone and SHBG with...

85

Do Ask, Do Tell: High Levels of Acceptability by Patients of Routine Collection of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Data in Four Diverse American Community Health Centers  

PubMed Central

Background The Institute of Medicine and The Joint Commission have recommended asking sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI) questions in clinical settings and including such data in Electronic Health Records (EHRs). This is increasingly viewed as a critical step toward systematically documenting and addressing health disparities affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people. The U.S. government is currently considering whether to include SOGI data collection in the Stage 3 guidelines for the incentive program promoting meaningful use of EHR. However, some have questioned whether acceptable standard measures to collect SOGI data in clinical settings exist. Methods In order to better understand how a diverse group of patients would respond if SOGI questions were asked in primary care settings, 301 randomly selected patients receiving primary care at four health centers across the U.S. were asked SOGI questions and then asked follow-up questions. This sample was mainly heterosexual, racially diverse, and geographically and regionally broad. Results There was a strong consensus among patients surveyed about the importance of asking SOGI questions. Most of the LGBT respondents thought that the questions presented on the survey allowed them to accurately document their SOGI. Most respondents—heterosexual and LGBT—answered the questions, and said that they would answer such questions in the future. While there were some age-related differences, respondents of all ages overwhelmingly expressed support for asking SOGI questions and understood the importance of providers' knowing their patients' SOGI. Conclusions Given current deliberations within national health care regulatory bodies and the government's increased attention to LGBT health disparities, the finding that patients can and will answer SOGI questions has important implications for public policy. This study provides evidence that integrating SOGI data collection into the meaningful use requirements is both acceptable to diverse samples of patients, including heterosexuals, and feasible. PMID:25198577

Cahill, Sean; Singal, Robbie; Grasso, Chris; King, Dana; Mayer, Kenneth; Baker, Kellan; Makadon, Harvey

2014-01-01

86

Serum Galactosyl Transferase Levels in Patients with Advanced Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Serum galactosyl transferase was significantly higher in patients with various types of cancer than in age-matched controls. The highest serum enzyme levels were observed in the breast and respiratory cancer, followed by ovarian and gastrointestinal tumours; whereas the enzyme activity in prostatic cancer patients was not significantly higher than in the control subjects. In the cancer patients the serum levels

Ifor D. Capel; Helen M. Dorrell; Donald C. Williams; Iain W. F. Hanham; Harry N. Levitt

1982-01-01

87

High Levels of Interleukin 10 Production In Vivo Are Associated with Tolerance in SCID Patients Transplanted with HLA Mismatched Hematopoietic Stem Cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sttnary Transplantation of HLA mismatched hematopoietic stem cells in patients with severe combined immunoddiciency (SCID) can result in a selective engraftment of T cells of donor origin with complete immunologic reconstitution and in vivo tolerance. The latter may occur in the absence of clonal deletion of donor T lymphocytes able to recognize the host HLA antigens. The activity of these

Rosa Bacchetta; Mike Bigler; Jean-Louis Touraine; Robertson Parkman; Pier-Angelo Tovo; John Abrams; Jan E. de Vries; Maria-Grazia Roncarolo

88

Immune Dysfunction in Rett Syndrome Patients Revealed by High Levels of Serum Anti-N(Glc) IgM Antibody Fraction  

PubMed Central

Rett syndrome (RTT), a neurodevelopmental disorder affecting exclusively (99%) female infants, is associated with loss-of-function mutations in the gene encoding methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MECP2) and, more rarely, cyclin-dependent kinase-like 5 (CDKL5) and forkhead box protein G1 (FOXG1). In this study, we aimed to evaluate the function of the immune system by measuring serum immunoglobulins (IgG and IgM) in RTT patients (n = 53) and, by comparison, in age-matched children affected by non-RTT pervasive developmental disorders (non-RTT PDD) (n = 82) and healthy age-matched controls (n = 29). To determine immunoglobulins we used both a conventional agglutination assay and a novel ELISA based on antibody recognition by a surrogate antigen probe, CSF114(Glc), a synthetic N-glucosylated peptide. Both assays provided evidence for an increase in IgM titer, but not in IgG, in RTT patients relative to both healthy controls and non-RTT PDD patients. The significant difference in IgM titers between RTT patients and healthy subjects in the CSF114(Glc) assay (P = 0.001) suggests that this procedure specifically detects a fraction of IgM antibodies likely to be relevant for the RTT disease. These findings offer a new insight into the mechanism underlying the Rett disease as they unveil the possible involvement of the immune system in this pathology. PMID:25389532

Papini, Anna Maria; Real-Fernandez, Feliciana; Rossi, Giada; Tiberi, Caterina; Sabatino, Giuseppina; Pandey, Shashank; Lavielle, Solange; Ciccoli, Lucia; Hayek, Joussef

2014-01-01

89

High-Level Data Races  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Data races are a common problem in concurrent and multi-threaded programming. They are hard to detect without proper tool support. Despite the successful application of these tools, experience shows that the notion of data race is not powerful enough to capture certain types of inconsistencies occurring in practice. In this paper we investigate data races on a higher abstraction layer. This enables us to detect inconsistent uses of shared variables, even if no classical race condition occurs. For example, a data structure representing a coordinate pair may have to be treated atomically. By lifting the meaning of a data race to a higher level, such problems can now be covered. The paper defines the concepts view and view consistency to give a notation for this novel kind of property. It describes what kinds of errors can be detected with this new definition, and where its limitations are. It also gives a formal guideline for using data structures in a multi-threading environment.

Artho, Cyrille; Havelund, Klaus; Biere, Armin; Koga, Dennis (Technical Monitor)

2003-01-01

90

Neuropsychological divergence of high-level autism and severe dyslexia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between cognitive deficits in high-level autism and those in learning disabilities has received little attention. To determine whether high-functioning autistic patients and individuals with severe dyslexia display different cognitive characteristics, 10 nonretarded men (mean age 26 years) with infantile autism, residual state, were compared with 15 severely dyslexic men (mean age 22 years) and 25 matched controls on

Judith M. Rumsey; Susan D. Hamburger

1990-01-01

91

High levels of NK cells in the peripheral blood of patients affected with anti-phospholipid syndrome and recurrent spontaneous abortion: a potential new hypothesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. No data regarding phenotypic assets of circulating lymphocytes in anti-phospholipid syndrome (APS) are reported in the literature. Role of anti-phospholipid antibodies (aPL) in recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) remains uncertain, while natural killer (NK)- cells are involved in RSA pathogenesis. In this study, patients affected with APS without RSA, APS with RSA and RSA without aPL were studied for NK-cell

C. Perricone; C. De Carolis; R. Giacomelli; G. Zaccari; P. Cipriani; E. Bizzi; R. Perricone

2007-01-01

92

Association between hemoglobin variability, serum ferritin levels, and adverse events/mortality in maintenance hemodialysis patients.  

PubMed

In recent times, therapy for renal anemia has changed dramatically in that iron administration has increased and doses of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) have decreased. Here we used a prospective, observational, multicenter design and measured the serum ferritin and hemoglobin levels every 3 months for 2 years in 1086 patients on maintenance hemodialysis therapy. The associations of adverse events with fluctuations in ferritin and hemoglobin levels and ESA and iron doses were measured using a Cox proportional hazards model for time-dependent variables. The risks of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular disease (CCVD), infection, and hospitalization were higher among patients who failed to maintain a target-range hemoglobin level and who exhibited high-amplitude fluctuations in hemoglobin compared with patients who maintained a target-range hemoglobin level. Patients with a higher compared with a lower ferritin level had an elevated risk of CCVD and infectious disease. Moreover, the risk of death was significantly higher among patients with high-amplitude ferritin fluctuations compared with those with a low ferritin level. The risks of CCVD, infection, and hospitalization were significantly higher among patients who were treated with high weekly doses of intravenous iron compared with no intravenous iron. Thus, there is a high risk of death and/or adverse events in patients with hemoglobin levels outside the target range, in those with high-amplitude hemoglobin fluctuations, in those with consistently high serum ferritin levels, and in those with high-amplitude ferritin fluctuations. PMID:24759150

Kuragano, Takahiro; Matsumura, Osamu; Matsuda, Akihiko; Hara, Taiga; Kiyomoto, Hideyasu; Murata, Toshiaki; Kitamura, Kenichiro; Fujimoto, Shouichi; Hase, Hiroki; Joki, Nobuhiko; Fukatsu, Atushi; Inoue, Toru; Itakura, Ikuhiro; Nakanishi, Takeshi

2014-10-01

93

Plasma catalase activity and malondialdehyde level in patients with cataract  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose Oxidative mechanisms play a major role in the aetiology and pathogenesis of cataract, especially in age-related cataract. Our study aims to investigate systemic oxidant and antioxidant markers in cataract patients.Methods The activity of erythrocyte catalase and the level of malondialdehyde in plasma were measured in 40 patients with cataract and 60 healthy control subjects. The malondialdehyde level, as an

N A Ate?; Ö Yildirim; L Tamer; A Ünlü; B Ercan; N Mu?lu; A Kanik; R Hatungil; U Atik

2004-01-01

94

Parallel Processing at the High School Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the ability of high school students to cognitively understand and implement parallel processing. Data indicates that most parallel processing is being taught at the university level. Instructional modules on C, Linux, and the parallel processing language, P4, were designed to show that high school students are highly

Sheary, Kathryn Anne

95

Plasma IGFBP-2 Levels after Postoperative Combined Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy Predict Prognosis in Elderly Glioblastoma Patients  

PubMed Central

It has been found that preoperative plasma IGFBP-2 levels correlate with prognosis in glioma patients. The prognostic value of plasma IGFBP-2 after postoperative combined radiotherapy and chemotherapy in glioma patients is unknown. Plasma IGFBP-2 levels in 83 glioblastoma patients after postoperative radiotherapy plus chemotherapy were analyzed using an IGFBP-2 ELISA kit. We found that after standard therapy plasma IGFBP-2 levels significantly correlated with the patient's age (R?=?0.738, P<0.001) and Karnofsky performance status (KPS, R?=??0.633, P<0.05). Cox proportional hazards models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) of death according to plasma IGFBP-2 levels adjusted for patient clinical characteristics. Plasma IGFBP-2 levels significantly correlated with overall survival in glioblastoma patients (multivariate HR?=?1.035; 95% CI, 1.024–1.047; P<0.001). The effect of plasma IGFBP-2 levels on survival seemed to differ according to patients' age. Among patients older than 60, high plasma IGFBP-2 levels were associated with a significant increase in overall mortality (HR?=?1.097; 95% CI, 1.055–1.140; P<0.001). In contrast, plasma IGFBP-2 levels conferred no significant effect on mortality among patients younger than 60. Elevated plasma IGFBP-2 levels after combined postoperative radiotherapy and chemotherapy in elderly glioblastoma patients correlate with poor KPS score and predicts poor prognosis. PMID:24690948

Han, Sheng; Meng, Lingxuan; Han, Shuai; Wang, Yunjie; Wu, Anhua

2014-01-01

96

The High Road to Formal Validation: Model Checking High-Level versus Low-Level Specifications  

E-print Network

The High Road to Formal Validation: Model Checking High-Level versus Low-Level Specifications). It is relatively clear that a higher level specification formalism enables a more convenient modelling-level specifications with ProB. We investigate the reasons for this behaviour, examining expressivity, granularity

Southampton, University of

97

Evaluation of thyroid hormone levels in chronic kidney disease patients.  

PubMed

We attempted in this study to determine the thyroid hormone levels in 45 adult chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and 45 ageand sex-matched healthy subjects as controls. The serum thyroid hormone levels were measured by a radioimmunoassay. Serum concentrations of creatinine, urea, electrolytes and total proteins and albumin were measured as well. There was a significant decrease in the levels of serum total T3, total T4 and total protein and albumin levels in CKD patients when compared with the controls. There was a significant increase in the level of thyroid stimulating hormone in the CKD patients compared with the controls. Our study suggests that CKD leads to significant changes in the thyroid hormone levels, which need to be interpreted carefully in these patients. PMID:25579722

Rajeev, Gandham; Chickballapur Rayappa, Wilma Delphine Silvia; Vijayalakshmi, Ravella; Swathi, Manchala; Kumar, Sunil

2015-01-01

98

473?Evaluating Total Serum IgE Levels in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis B and C  

PubMed Central

Background Liver disease has been considered a prominent cause of IgE elevation. Significant differences may be observed depending on the cause of liver damage. For viral hepatitis, increased IgE concentrations have been observed during acute hepatitis A and B. Chronic hepatitis B carriers may also have high IgE levels. But no data on serum IgE levels in chronic hepatitis C and hepatitis B patients have been reported. The aim of the study was to evaluate serum IgE levels in patients with chronic hepatitis C and hepatitis B and to corelate with atopic patients. Methods Serum IgE levels were determined in 568 adult patients with chronic hepatitis B, in 47 patients with chronic hepatitis C, and 311 patients with atopic diseases. Results The averages of serum IgE levels were 103,9 IU/mL in chronic hepatitis C, 95,1 IU/mL in hepatits B patients, and 126,6 IU/mL in atopic patients. There was no statistically significant difference between hepatits B and hepatits C patients. Total serum IgE levels were lower in patients with either chronic hepatitis C or hepatitis B than the atopic group. Conclusions According to the results presented, chronic hepatitis C and hepatitis B are not prominent causes of increased serum IgE values. Further studies are needed to clarify the differences and significance of IgE levels between hepatitis and atopic patients.

Köse, Sükran; Senger, Süheyla Serin; Yalcin, Arzu Didem; Cavdar, Gülsün; Atalay, Sabri; Ersan, Gürsel

2012-01-01

99

Trace Element Levels in Patients with Familial Mediterranean Fever  

PubMed Central

Objective: Although the genetic etiology of familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is known, limited information is available regarding the regulation of inflammation during attack-free periods. The aim of this study was to determine the alterations in serum copper (Cu), zinc (Zn) and selenium (Se) levels that may be associated with inflammation during attack-free periods in FMF patients. Materials and Methods: This study included 33 patients with FMF and 30 healthy volunteers. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), the serum C-reactive protein (CRP) level and serum levels of Cu, Zn and Se in FMF patients and healthy volunteers were assessed by the atomic absorption spectrophotometry method. Results: ESR and serum CRP levels and serum Cu and Zn levels were similar between patients with FMF during an attack-free period and healthy controls (p>0.05). Serum Se levels in the patient group were significantly higher than in the control group (p<0.05). Conclusion: Our study shows that levels of trace elements in serum are variable in patients with FMF during attack-free periods. Serum Se concentrations may at least in part contribute to the subclinical inflammation in FMF patients during attack-free periods. However, further studies are necessary to confirm this result.

Yildirim, Kadir; Uzkeser, Hulya; Uyanik, Abdullah; Karatay, Saliha; Kiziltunc, Ahmet

2011-01-01

100

Tolcapone increases plasma catecholamine levels in patients with Parkinson's disease.  

PubMed

Tolcapone is a catechol-ortho-methyl-tranferase (COMT) inhibitor that increases the L-DOPA half-life and the duration of effect in Parkinson's disease. We investigated the effect of tolcapone on the plasma catecholamine levels. We measured plasma catecholamines 2h after the first daily dose of L-DOPA or L-DOPA+tolcapone while resting and 2 and 10min after standing. We also measured the pharmacokinetics of L-DOPA and 3-OM-DOPA and the clinical response to the medication for 6h after the early morning dose. The levels of dopamine, norepinephrine, adrenaline and total catecholamines significantly increased and 3-OM-DOPA decreased with tolcapone. We did not observe significant changes in the plasma L-DOPA levels at the doses of tolcapone used in this study. Tolcapone side effects included worsening of dyskinesia and psychosis, diarrhea and elevation of liver enzymes. Twenty-four-hour ambulatory recording of arterial blood pressure and heart rate did not reveal cardiovascular side effects in patients treated with tolcapone for less than 1year. Since adrenergic stimulation may increase the hepatotoxic potential of commonly used drugs, usually thought of as safe for the liver, we postulate that some of the already reported life threatening complications of tolcapone could be related to excessive adrenergic stimulation by high catecholamine levels caused by inhibition of COMT activity. PMID:11248589

Rojo, A; Fontán, A; Mena, M A.; Herranz, A; Casado, S; de Yébenes, J G.

2001-04-01

101

Metabolic Changes and Serum Ghrelin Level in Patients with Psoriasis  

PubMed Central

Background. Serum ghrelin levels may be related to metabolic and clinical changes in patients with psoriasis. Objective. This study was performed to determine the possible effects of serum ghrelin in patients with psoriasis. Methods. The study population consisted of 25 patients with plaque psoriasis. The patients were questioned with regard to age, gender, age of onset, duration of disease, height, weight, and body mass index (BMI). In addition, fasting blood sugar, triglyceride, cholesterol levels, insulin, and ghrelin levels were measured. Results. The mean serum ghrelin level was 45.41 ± 22.41 in the psoriasis group and 29.92 ± 14.65 in the healthy control group. Serum ghrelin level was significantly higher in the psoriasis group compared with the controls (P = 0.01). The mean ghrelin level in patients with a lower PASI score was significantly higher than in those with a higher PASI score (P = 0.02). Conclusion. The present study was performed to determine the effects of ghrelin in psoriasis patients. We found a negative correlation between severity of psoriasis and ghrelin level. Larger and especially experimental studies focusing on correlation of immune system-ghrelin levels and severity of psoriasis may be valuable to clarify the etiopathogenesis of the disease. PMID:25587268

Demir, Betul; Cicek, Demet; Erden, Ilker; Dertlioglu, Selma Bakar; Arica, Mustafa

2014-01-01

102

High-Level Application Framework for LCLS  

SciTech Connect

A framework for high level accelerator application software is being developed for the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS). The framework is based on plug-in technology developed by an open source project, Eclipse. Many existing functionalities provided by Eclipse are available to high-level applications written within this framework. The framework also contains static data storage configuration and dynamic data connectivity. Because the framework is Eclipse-based, it is highly compatible with any other Eclipse plug-ins. The entire infrastructure of the software framework will be presented. Planned applications and plug-ins based on the framework are also presented.

Chu, P; Chevtsov, S.; Fairley, D.; Larrieu, C.; Rock, J.; Rogind, D.; White, G.; Zalazny, M.; /SLAC

2008-04-22

103

[Serum levels of macrophage migration inhibitory factor and leptin in patients with acute trichinellosis].  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to examine the serum levels of MIF and leptin in patients infected with Trichinella britovi. Thirtysix patients with acute trichinellosis and 20 healthy control subjects were included in the study. Serum high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), MIF and leptin levels were studied. Assessments were performed in the patients group during acute infection and after the treatment periods and we also compared these values with healthy controls. In the patients, hs-CRP, leukocyte and eosinophil counts, and the levels of muscle enzymes in the acute infectious period were found to be significantly higher than those in the post treatment period (p < 0.05). Both leptin and MIF were higher in acute trichinellosis patients when compared to controls. However, this was only significant for leptin. This study indicates that leptin and MIF levels are increased in the sera of patients with acute trichinellosis. PMID:20954115

Kozaci, Leyla Didem; Sari, Ismail; Akar, Servet; B?rl?k, Merih; Akkoç, Nurullah; Chikanza, Ian C; Onen, Fato?

2010-01-01

104

Increased fasting plasma ghrelin levels in patients with bulimia nervosa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Fasting plasma ghrelin levels play an important role in the pathophysiology of the eating disorder anorexia nervosa. Bulimia nervosa (BN) also has been associated with abnormal neuro- endocrine regulation. Thus, we examined the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and plasma ghrelin concentrations in patients with BN for the first time. Methods: The subjects included 15 female BN patients

Muneki Tanaka; Tetsuro Naruo; Tetsuro Muranaga; Daisuke Yasuhara; Tomomi Shiiya; Masamitsu Nakazato; Shigeru Matsukura; Shin-ichi Nozoe

2002-01-01

105

Low Catalase Levels in the Epidermis of Patients with Vitiligo  

Microsoft Academic Search

Suction blister roofs taken from the involve and uninvolved epidermis of patients with vitiligo showed a consistent reduction in level of catalase compared to normal healthy controls of matched photo-skin types (Fitzpatrick classification). A decrease in catalase activity is expected to increase the concentration of hydrogen peroxide in the epidermis of these patients. Hydrogen peroxide function as a reversible inhibitor

Karin U. Schallreuter; John M. Wood; Jürgen Berger

1991-01-01

106

Circulating Ghrelin Levels in Patients with Various Upper Gastrointestinal Diseases  

Microsoft Academic Search

The stomach is the main source of circulating ghrelin. Plasma concentrations of this hormone in patients with various upper gastrointestinal diseases remain undetermined. Thus we measured plasma ghrelin levels by radioimmunoassay in 225 subjects, including 134 Helicobacter pylori-infected and 91 uninfected subjects. They included 67 patients with chronic gastritis (CG), 26 with benign gastric polyp (BGP), 24 with gastric ulcer

Hajime Isomoto; Hiroaki Ueno; Yoshito Nishi; Toru Yasutake; Kenji Tanaka; Naoko Kawano; Ken Ohnita; Yohei Mizuta; Kenichiro Inoue; Masamitsu Nakazato; Shigeru Kohno

2005-01-01

107

Future high sea levels in south Sweden  

SciTech Connect

An estimation of future mean high water levels in Oeresund and the southwest Baltic Sea is presented together with a discussion of probable consequences for Falsterbo Peninsula, a trumpet-shaped sandy formation of some 25 km{sup 2} size situated in the very southwest corner of Sweden. A literature review coupled with sea-level measurements and observations made in the area every four hours since October 1945 are given and comprise the base for the present analysis.

Blomgren, S.H.; Hanson, H. [Lund Institute of Technology (Sweden)

1997-12-31

108

A Software Architecture for High Level Applications  

SciTech Connect

A modular software platform for high level applications is under development at the National Synchrotron Light Source II project. This platform is based on client-server architecture, and the components of high level applications on this platform will be modular and distributed, and therefore reusable. An online model server is indispensable for model based control. Different accelerator facilities have different requirements for the online simulation. To supply various accelerator simulators, a set of narrow and general application programming interfaces is developed based on Tracy-3 and Elegant. This paper describes the system architecture for the modular high level applications, the design of narrow and general application programming interface for an online model server, and the prototype of online model server.

Shen,G.

2009-05-04

109

The Serum Lead level in Patients With Retained Lead Pellets  

PubMed Central

Background: Patients, who survived from shotgun injuries, often have some retained lead pellets in their bodies. Several cases of lead toxicity have been reported regarding these patients. Objectives: This study seeks to compare the serum lead level in patients who have retained lead pellets in their bodies with the control group. Patients and Methods: In this case-control study, we gathered the serum lead levels of 25 patients with some retained lead pellets in their bodies due to shotgun and 25 volunteers without similar lead exposure and compared them in view of the age, gender, and living place. Results: While the mean serum lead level in both groups was lower than the standard level (i.e. 40 µg/dL) , the mean ± SD of serum lead level were 29 ± 12.8 µg/dL and 25.3 ± 6.4 µg/dL in the case and control groups, respectively without any significant difference (P = 0. 30) . However, a positive relationship was seen between serum lead level, and the number of retained lead pellets (r = 0.447, P = 0. 025) . Conclusions: Although extensive surgery to remove the lead pellets is not recommended in patients injured with shotguns, those with many retained lead pellets in their bodies should be considered at risk for lead poisoning and monitored carefully. PMID:25147780

Moazeni, Mohammad; Mohammad Alibeigi, Faramarz; Sayadi, Masoud; Poorya Mofrad, Ebrahim; Kheiri, Soleiman; Darvishi, Malihe

2014-01-01

110

Circulating CEA levels in patients with fulminant hepatitis.  

PubMed

CEA levels were determined in blood specimens from 14 persons suffering from fulminant hepatitis. Values ranged from 1.9 to 21 ng/ml with a mean of 7.0 ng/ml. All except one patient had a CEA level greater than 2.5 ng/ml, but only three exceeded 10 ng/ml. There was no correlation between single CEA levels and prognosis, routine liver chemistries, or histopathologic characterization of hepatic tissue obtained at postmortem examination. These data show that patients with fulminant hepatitis commonly had increased circulating levels of CEA, but these elevations were far less than may be found in patients with hepatic metastases. In severe hepatic dysfunction reduced hepatic clearance of CEA may be responsible for the increased levels. PMID:7075408

George, P K; Loewenstein, M S; O'Brien, M J; Bronstein, B; Koff, R S; Zamcheck, N

1982-02-01

111

Can my patient with CVD travel to high altitude?  

PubMed

Patients with borderline health should consult a physican before travelling to altitude. The physician will need to know the duration of the trip, ascent profile and how much exercise the patient plans to undertake. The presence of comorbid diseases which reduce oxygenation and ventilation should also be taken into account. Every patient must be assessed on an individual basis, there are no clinical investigations which reliably predict outcome at altitude. Complex cases may require advice from the patient's cardiologist. Travelling from sea level to an altitude of 2,500 m causes a 20% reduction in the partial pressure of inspired oxygen. There is an initial net increase in myocardial oxygen consumption during the first 3-5 days, this then falls as cardiac output on exercise is reduced. During this time patients with angina pectoris may become symptomatic at a lower level of exercise than at sea level and should be advised to reduce their activity. After five days at 2,500 m, the exertion threshold returns to sea level values. Patients should not travel to high altitude immediately after an acute coronary syndrome. Most patients with stable coronary artery disease with a sufficiently high exercise capacity at sea level can go as high as 3,000-3,500 m with only a minimally increased risk. Patients with heart failure have a greater reduction in exercise performance than healthy people at altitude. Patients with mild to moderately impaired systolic LVF and mild symptoms may travel up to 3,000-3,500 m for a day trip. Patients with poorly controlled hypertension should not travel to high altitude. Those with controlled hypertension should consider taking their own blood pressure during a stay at altitude. PMID:23724749

Hoigné, Philipp; Gibbs, J Simon R

2013-04-01

112

Decrease in TSH levels after lactose restriction in Hashimoto's thyroiditis patients with lactose intolerance.  

PubMed

We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of lactose intolerance (LI) in patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis(HT) and the effects of lactose restriction on thyroid function in these patients. Eighty-three HT patients taking L-thyroxine (LT4) were enrolled, and lactose tolerance tests were performed on all patients. Lactose intolerance was diagnosed in 75.9 % of the patients with HT. Thirty-eight patients with LI were started on a lactose-restricted diet for 8 weeks. Thirty-eight patients with LI (30 euthyroid and 8 with subclinical hypothyroidism), and 12 patients without LI were included in the final analysis. The level of TSH significantly decreased in the euthyroid and subclinical hypothyroid patients with LI [from 2.06 ± 1.02 to 1.51 ±1.1 IU/mL and from 5.45 ± 0.74 to 2.25 ± 1.88 IU/mL,respectively (both P<0.05)]. However, the level of TSH in patients without LI did not change significantly over the 8 weeks (P>0.05). Lactose intolerance occurs at a high frequency in HT patients. Lactose restriction leads to decreased levels of TSH, and LI should be considered in hypothyroid patients who require increasing LT4 doses,have irregular TSH levels and are resistant to LT4 treatment. PMID:24078411

Asik, Mehmet; Gunes, Fahri; Binnetoglu, Emine; Eroglu, Mustafa; Bozkurt, Neslihan; Sen, Hacer; Akbal, Erdem; Bakar, Coskum; Beyazit, Yavuz; Ukinc, Kubilay

2014-06-01

113

Normal serum levels of immune complexes in postpolio patients  

PubMed Central

Objective The pathophysiology of the postpolio syndrome is not fully understood. Increased cytokine levels in cerebrospinal fluid and peripheral blood indicate a systemic inflammatory process. Decreased cytokine levels and the clinical effect of intravenous immunoglobulin treatment further indicate an inflammatory/immunological pathogenesis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether an autoimmune process follows the initial infection, by means of analyzing immune complexes. Patients and methods Circulating immune complexes were analyzed from blood samples of 20 postpolio patients and 95 healthy controls. To compensate for differences in age between patients and controls, a sub-analysis was performed using only the 30 oldest controls. Tumor necrosis factor-inducing properties of polyethylene glycol-precipitated immune complexes were compared between the postpolio patients and 10 healthy controls. Results When comparing levels in postpolio patients to the whole control group, including the 30 oldest investigated, there were no statistically significant differences. No difference was found in tumor necrosis factor levels induced by immune complexes when comparing patients and controls. Conclusions There was no increase in circulating immune complex or in tumor necrosis factor-inducing effects of circulating immune complex between postpolio patients and healthy controls, indicating that the postpolio syndrome is not due to an autoimmune reaction. PMID:25009767

Melin, Eva; Sohrabian, Azita; Rönnelid, Johan; Borg, Kristian

2014-01-01

114

Ceruloplasmin levels in sera from human patients with osteosarcoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ceruloplasmin (Cp) levels in sera of osteosarcoma patients, women on chemical contraceptives, and normal individuals were determined by radial immunodiffusion (RID) and rocket electroimmunophoresis (REP) techniques; serum copper levels (SCL) were determined by atomic absorption spectroscopy. Ratios of SCL\\/Cp were constant in all groups tested, indicating that the ratio of bound to unbound copper in the serum is maintained relative

M. Shifrine; G. L. Fisher

1976-01-01

115

Arterial Oxygen Content Is Precisely Maintained by Graded Erythrocytotic Responses in Settings of High/Normal Serum Iron Levels, and Predicts Exercise Capacity: An Observational Study of Hypoxaemic Patients with Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformations  

PubMed Central

Background Oxygen, haemoglobin and cardiac output are integrated components of oxygen transport: each gram of haemoglobin transports 1.34 mls of oxygen in the blood. Low arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2), and haemoglobin saturation (SaO2), are the indices used in clinical assessments, and usually result from low inspired oxygen concentrations, or alveolar/airways disease. Our objective was to examine low blood oxygen/haemoglobin relationships in chronically compensated states without concurrent hypoxic pulmonary vasoreactivity. Methodology 165 consecutive unselected patients with pulmonary arteriovenous malformations were studied, in 98 cases, pre/post embolisation treatment. 159 (96%) had hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia. Arterial oxygen content was calculated by SaO2 x haemoglobin x 1.34/100. Principal Findings There was wide variation in SaO2 on air (78.5–99, median 95)% but due to secondary erythrocytosis and resultant polycythaemia, SaO2 explained only 0.1% of the variance in arterial oxygen content per unit blood volume. Secondary erythrocytosis was achievable with low iron stores, but only if serum iron was high-normal: Low serum iron levels were associated with reduced haemoglobin per erythrocyte, and overall arterial oxygen content was lower in iron deficient patients (median 16.0 [IQR 14.9, 17.4]mls/dL compared to 18.8 [IQR 17.4, 20.1]mls/dL, p<0.0001). Exercise tolerance appeared unrelated to SaO2 but was significantly worse in patients with lower oxygen content (p<0.0001). A pre-defined athletic group had higher Hb:SaO2 and serum iron:ferritin ratios than non-athletes with normal exercise capacity. PAVM embolisation increased SaO2, but arterial oxygen content was precisely restored by a subsequent fall in haemoglobin: 86 (87.8%) patients reported no change in exercise tolerance at post-embolisation follow-up. Significance Haemoglobin and oxygen measurements in isolation do not indicate the more physiologically relevant oxygen content per unit blood volume. This can be maintained for SaO2 ?78.5%, and resets to the same arterial oxygen content after correction of hypoxaemia. Serum iron concentrations, not ferritin, seem to predict more successful polycythaemic responses. PMID:24637882

Santhirapala, Vatshalan; Williams, Louisa C.; Tighe, Hannah C.; Jackson, James E.; Shovlin, Claire L.

2014-01-01

116

Elevated serum TRAIL levels in scleroderma patients and its possible association with pulmonary involvement.  

PubMed

Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) has been reported to be involved in the pathophysiology of some autoimmune diseases as systemic lupus erythematosus, ankylosing spondylitis, and multiple sclerosis. The aim of this study was to assess serum TRAIL concentration in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients and to investigate its possible association with various disease parameters. Thirty SSc patients as well as 25 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and 25 healthy volunteers were included in the present study. Organ system involvement in SSc patients was investigated. Pulmonary function tests as well as chest high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) were done to detect pulmonary involvement in our patients. TRAIL concentrations were measured in the sera of SSc patients, RA patients and healthy controls by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Mean serum TRAIL levels were significantly higher in SSc patients than in the control RA patients and in healthy controls (p?patients with diffuse cutaneous SSc and patients with limited cutaneous scleroderma. Serum TRAIL levels were significantly higher in SSc patients with pulmonary involvement and were significantly correlated with HRCT scores. Serum TRAIL levels are significantly elevated in SSc patients and are associated with SSc-associated pulmonary involvement denoting a possible role of TRAIL in the pathogenesis of SSc. Further studies may be needed to confirm these findings and the possible use of TRAIL in detection and possibly treatment of SSc-associated pulmonary disease. PMID:22729471

Azab, Noha A; Rady, Hanaa M; Marzouk, Samar A

2012-09-01

117

High-level radioactive wastes. Supplement 1  

SciTech Connect

This bibliography contains information on high-level radioactive wastes included in the Department of Energy's Energy Data Base from August 1982 through December 1983. These citations are to research reports, journal articles, books, patents, theses, and conference papers from worldwide sources. Five indexes, each preceded by a brief description, are provided: Corporate Author, Personal Author, Subject, Contract Number, and Report Number. 1452 citations.

McLaren, L.H. (ed.)

1984-09-01

118

PAIRWISE BLENDING OF HIGH LEVEL WASTE (HLW)  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective of this study is to demonstrate a mission scenario that uses pairwise and incidental blending of high level waste (HLW) to reduce the total mass of HLW glass. Secondary objectives include understanding how recent refinements to the tank waste inventory and solubility assumptions affect the mass of HLW glass and how logistical constraints may affect the efficacy of HLW blending.

CERTA, P.J.

2006-02-22

119

HIGH LEVEL LIQUID WASTE SOLIDIFICATION USING A \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the present time the primary problem in a closed nuclear fuel cycle is the management of high level liquid waste (HLLW) generated by the recovery of uranium and plutonium from the spent nuclear fuel. Long-term storage of the HLLW, even in special storage facilities, poses a real threat of ecological accidents. This problem can be solved by incorporating the

Tatyana V. Smelova; Nina V. Krylova; Igor N. Shestoperov; Andrei V. Demine

2000-01-01

120

Change of anti-Mullerian-hormone levels during follicular phase in PCOS patients.  

PubMed

Abstract Anti-Mullerian-hormone (AMH) does not seem to fluctuate significantly during the menstrual cycle in healthy women. However, little is known about cycle fluctuations of AMH levels in patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). The purpose of this study was to examine AMH fluctuations during the follicular phase in PCOS patients receiving antiestrogens or recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). About 40 PCOS patients diagnosed according to Rotterdam ESHRE/ASRM-Sponsored PCOS Consensus Workshop Group 2003 and 19 controls were prospectively enrolled. PCOS patients received either antiestrogens or recombinant FSH for monoovulation induction and controls received antiestrogens. AMH levels were determined (1) between the 2nd and the 5th day of follicular phase and (2) when a single large dominant follicle ?18?mm had appeared. Our study shows that AMH levels do not change during follicular development in controls as well as in PCOS patients with AMH levels?patients with AMH levels ?5?ng/ml, AMH declines significantly during follicular development (p?levels should be determined in the early follicular phase in PCOS patients without the influence of antiestrogens or exogenous FSH, because these interventions may lower AMH values in patients with high levels. PMID:25222840

Köninger, A; Koch, L; Enekwe, A; Birdir, C; Kasimir-Bauer, S; Kimmig, R; Strowitzki, T; Schmidt, B

2015-01-01

121

There Is No Elevation of Immunoglobulin E Levels in Albanian Patients with Autoimmune Thyroid Diseases  

PubMed Central

Background. Studies in several ethnic groups reported high incidence of elevated levels of immunoglobulin E (IgE) in patients with autoimmune thyroid diseases (ATD), especially in patients with Graves' disease. Objective. To study association between serum levels of IgE and thyroid stimulating hormone receptor antibodies (TRAb) in Albanian patients with ATD. Material and Methods. Study was performed in 40 patients with Graves' disease, 15 patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis, and 14 subjects in the control group. The IgE levels were measured by immunoradiometric assay, whereas the TRAb levels were measured by radioreceptor assay. Results. In all groups of subjects the IgE levels were within reference values (<200?kIU/L). Significant difference in mean concentration of IgE was found between two groups of Graves' disease patients, and those with normal and elevated TRAb levels (22.57 versus 45.03, P < 0.05). Positive correlation was found between TRAb and IgE only in Graves' disease patients (r = 0.43, P = 0.006). Conclusion. In Albanian patients with ATD there is no elevation of IgE levels. This could be the result of low prevalence of allergic diseases in Albanian population determined by genetic and environmental factors. PMID:24959371

Gacaferri-Lumezi, Besa; Lokaj-Berisha, Violeta

2014-01-01

122

Decreased vitamin D levels in patients with familial mediterranean fever.  

PubMed

Familial mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the FMF gene (MEFV). The gene causing FMF, designated MEFV, encodes a protein called pyrin or marenostrin that is expressed mainly in myeloid bone marrow precursors, neutrophils, and monocytes. Since there are several etiological factors, FMF is the most common periodic fever syndrome. However, it is still unknown what triggers or ends these periodical attacks. As a pleiotropic hormone, vitamin D has immunomodulation effects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the vitamin D levels in FMF patients. The study group was comprised of 26 patients diagnosed with FMF (men/women: 12/14), and 34 healthy control (men/women: 17/17). Vitamin D levels in FMF patients and healthy controls were 11.05 ± 7.11, 17.15 ± 6.49, respectively. FMF patients had significantly decreased vitamin D levels compared with healthy controls (P < 0.001). In conclusion, it is thought that vitamin D deficiency in FMF patients may trigger the attacks. Further studies with larger patient populations need to hold to investigate the vitamin D deficiency in patients with FMF and that may assist to clarify the mechanism behind the colchicines resistant cases. PMID:22187059

Kisacik, Bunyamin; Kaya, Suheyla Uzun; Pehlivan, Yavuz; Tasliyurt, Turker; Sayarlioglu, Mehmet; Onat, Ahmet Mesut

2013-05-01

123

Serum thyrotropin (TSH) levels in patients with suppressed pituitary function  

SciTech Connect

The diagnosis of borderline hyperthyroidism is difficult. A sensitive radioimmunoassay capable of detecting subnormal levels of serum TSH may be of value in confirming this diagnosis because of the suppressed pituitary function in this disease state. This sensitive assay may also be useful in monitoring the suppression of pituitary function in thyroid cancer patients receiving thyroid hormone therapy. A sensitive radioimmunoassay capable of detecting serum TSH levels as low as 0.25 ..mu..U/m1 with coefficients of variation less than 17.2% was used to measure serum TSH levels in 80 healthy subjects, 44 hyperthyroid patients, and 25 athyrotic thyroid cancer patients on daily suppressive doses of thyroxine. All healthy subjects had detectable TSH levels with a mean value of 1.17 and two standard deviation ranges of 0.41 - 2.70 ..mu..U/m1 (lognormal distribution). Although the mean +-1 SEM value of 0.63 +- 0.003 ..mu..Um1 for hyperthyroid patients and 0.76 +- 0.08 ..mu..U/ml for thyroid cancer patients were significantly lower than that of healthy subjects (t-test, p<0.05), subnormal levels of serum TSH were found in only 28.6% (12/42) and 24% (6/25) of hyperthyroid and thyroid cancer patients, respectively. TSH stimulation tests performed in 6 of the cancer patients all gave suppressed responses. Because of considerable overlap, serum TSH levels alone cannot distinguish hyperthyroidsm from euthyroidism. However, a sensitive TSH radioimmunoassay such as the one described here may be of value in evaluating the extent of pituitary suppression in thyroid cancer therapy.

Vasavada, P.; Chen, I.; Maxon, H.; Barnes, E.; Sperling, M.

1984-01-01

124

Determinant of microvolt-level T-wave alternans in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVESThe aim of this study was to clarify the clinical significance and the determinant of microvolt-level T-wave alternans (TWA) in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM).BACKGROUNDThe prevention of sudden death in patients with DCM remains the therapeutic target. T-wave alternans has been proposed as a powerful tool for identification of patients at high risk for ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death in

Kazumasa Adachi; Yoshio Ohnishi; Takashi Shima; Kouhei Yamashiro; Asumi Takei; Nami Tamura; Mitsuhiro Yokoyama

1999-01-01

125

Endostatin Level in Cerebrospinal Fluid of Patients with Alzheimer's Disease.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to measure the level of endostatin, a fragment of collagen XVIII that accumulates in the brain of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), in the cerebrospinal fluids (CSF) of patients with neurodegenerative diseases. The concentrations of total protein, endostatin, amyloid-?1-42 peptide, tau, and hyperphosphorylated tau proteins were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in CSF of patients with AD (n = 57), behavioral frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD, n = 22), non AD and non FTD dementia (nAD/nFTD, n = 84), and 45 subjects without neurodegenerative diseases. The statistical significance of the results was assessed by Mann-Whitney and Kruskal and Wallis tests, and by ROC analysis. The concentration of endostatin in CSF was higher than the levels of the three markers of AD both in control subjects and in patients with neurodegenerative diseases. The endostatin/amyloid-?1-42 ratio was significantly increased in patients with AD (257%, p < 0.0001) and nAD/nFTD (140%, p < 0.0001) compared to controls. The endostatin/tau protein ratio was significantly decreased in patients with AD (-49%, p < 0.0001) but was increased in bvFTD patients (89%, p < 0.0001) compared to controls. In the same way, the endostatin/hyperphosphorylated tau protein ratio was decreased in patients with AD (-21%, p = 0.0002) but increased in patients with bvFTD (81%, p = 0.0026), compared to controls. The measurement of endostatin in CSF and the calculation of its ratio relative to well-established AD markers improve the diagnosis of bvFTD patients and the discrimination of patients with AD from those with bvFTD and nAD/nFTD. PMID:25408220

Salza, Romain; Oudart, Jean-Baptiste; Ramont, Laurent; Maquart, François-Xavier; Bakchine, Serge; Thoannčs, Henri; Ricard-Blum, Sylvie

2014-11-18

126

High-Level Waste Melter Review  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is faced with a massive cleanup task in resolving the legacy of environmental problems from years of manufacturing nuclear weapons. One of the major activities within this task is the treatment and disposal of the extremely large amount of high-level radioactive (HLW) waste stored at the Hanford Site in Richland, Washington. The current planning for the method of choice for accomplishing this task is to vitrify (glassify) this waste for disposal in a geologic repository. This paper describes the results of the DOE-chartered independent review of alternatives for solidification of Hanford HLW that could achieve major cost reductions with reasonable long-term risks, including recommendations on a path forward for advanced melter and waste form material research and development. The potential for improved cost performance was considered to depend largely on increased waste loading (fewer high-level waste canisters for disposal), higher throughput, or decreased vitrification facility size.

Ahearne, J.; Gentilucci, J.; Pye, L. D.; Weber, T.; Woolley, F.; Machara, N. P.; Gerdes, K.; Cooley, C.

2002-02-26

127

High-Level Integration of Data Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the key capabilities required for data systems of the future is the integration of high-level systems and services into their design. Future systems need to provide users with integrated access to distributed and diverse scientific data holdings, models, services, and tools in order to increase the science and educational return from the data. These new capabilities go well beyond the garden variety "get me data" types of services and should be accomplished as part of a broader structure which ties together existing systems at the same time as introducing new capabilities. Here, we present the high-level integration of systems and services as the necessary pieces to accomplish this as well as some lessons learned. and http://sd-www.jhuapl.edu/SPDML/index.php

Weiss, M.; Morrison, D.; Daley, R.; Immer, E.; Hashemian, M.; Fortner, B.; Jen, J.; Holder, R.

2005-12-01

128

High-Level Waste Melter Study Report  

SciTech Connect

At the Hanford Site in Richland, Washington, the path to site cleanup involves vitrification of the majority of the wastes that currently reside in large underground tanks. A Joule-heated glass melter is the equipment of choice for vitrifying the high-level fraction of these wastes. Even though this technology has general national and international acceptance, opportunities may exist to improve or change the technology to reduce the enormous cost of accomplishing the mission of site cleanup. Consequently, the U.S. Department of Energy requested the staff of the Tanks Focus Area to review immobilization technologies, waste forms, and modifications to requirements for solidification of the high-level waste fraction at Hanford to determine what aspects could affect cost reductions with reasonable long-term risk. The results of this study are summarized in this report.

Perez, Joseph M.; Bickford, Dennis F.; Day, Delbert E.; Kim, Dong-Sang; Lambert, Steven L.; Marra, Sharon L.; Peeler, David K.; Strachan, Denis M.; Triplett, Mark B.; Vienna, John D.; Wittman, Richard S.

2001-07-13

129

Commissioning of the CMS High Level Trigger  

SciTech Connect

The CMS experiment will collect data from the proton-proton collisions delivered by the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at a centre-of-mass energy up to 14 TeV. The CMS trigger system is designed to cope with unprecedented luminosities and LHC bunch-crossing rates up to 40 MHz. The unique CMS trigger architecture only employs two trigger levels. The Level-1 trigger is implemented using custom electronics, while the High Level Trigger (HLT) is based on software algorithms running on a large cluster of commercial processors, the Event Filter Farm. We present the major functionalities of the CMS High Level Trigger system as of the starting of LHC beams operations in September 2008. The validation of the HLT system in the online environment with Monte Carlo simulated data and its commissioning during cosmic rays data taking campaigns are discussed in detail. We conclude with the description of the HLT operations with the first circulating LHC beams before the incident occurred the 19th September 2008.

Agostino, Lorenzo; et al.

2009-08-01

130

Cholesterol levels in untreated Spanish hypertensive patients. The Compas Study Group, Spanish Hypertension Society.  

PubMed

In daily practice, arterial hypertension (AHT) and hypercholesterolaemia are frequently associated with the existence of multiple common etiopathogenic interrelationships. This situation leads to an exponential increase in cardiovascular risk for these patients, so it is essential to know the prevalence and therapeutic management of hypercholesterolaemia in the hypertensive patient. This national study analyses the distribution of total cholesterol levels and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol as well as hypercholesterolaemia prevalence and its therapeutic management in the uncontrolled hypertensive Spanish population. We observed mean total cholesterol levels of 227+/-41 mg/dl with a high prevalence of hypercholesterolaemia (34.2%) among hypertensive patients, and the percentage of those patients with "desirable" total cholesterol levels (<200 mg/dl) was <25%. The treated hypertensive patients presented both significantly higher mean cholesterol levels and greater hypercholesterolaemia prevalence than the untreated hypertensive patients. It appears that total cholesterol levels are scarcely related to the presence or non-presence of obesity, diabetes or smoking. Regarding treatment, only 14.6% of the hypercholesterolaemic hypertensive patients received hypolipaemic treatment with statins. These results support the need to introduce measures for better diagnostic and therapeutic management of hypercholesterolaemic hypertensive patients that will lead to a much higher reduction in cardiovascular risk for these patients. PMID:10803487

Aranda, P; Rodicio, J L; Luque, M; Banegas, J R; Barajas, R; Aranda, F J; Sobrino, P

1999-01-01

131

Serum thioredoxin (TRX) levels in patients with heart failure.  

PubMed

An increase in oxidative stress is thought to be involved in the progression of heart disease, but the serum level of thioredoxin (TRX), which regulates the cellular redox state, has not been investigated in patients with heart diseases. The present study determined serum TRX levels with a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in a total of 39 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) (n=5), acute coronary syndrome (ACS) (n=7) or stable angina (n=18), including effort angina (n=7) and vasospastic angina (n=11), and in control subjects (n=7). The serum TRX level in patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classes III and IV (n=8, 33.3+/-8.6 ng/ml) was significantly higher than in the control subjects (n=7, 14.0+/-4.6 ng/ml). In addition, the serum TRX levels correlated positively with the severity of NYHA class, and negatively with the left ventricular ejection fraction. The serum TRX levels were elevated in patients with ACS and DCM compared with the controls. These results indicate a possible association between TRX concentration and the severity of heart failure. PMID:11407728

Kishimoto, C; Shioji, K; Nakamura, H; Nakayama, Y; Yodoi, J; Sasayama, S

2001-06-01

132

Association of Salivary Cortisol and Anxiety Levels in Lichen Planus Patients  

PubMed Central

Background: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a frequently encountered chronic inflammatory disease of oral mucosa and skin, where the patients often relate the onset and aggravation of oral symptoms to increased levels of stress. Cortisol, also called as “stress hormone” has been used as an indicator in various stress evaluation studies. Aim: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine any association between anxiety and salivary cortisol levels in OLP patients. Materials and Methods: A total of 20 OLP patients along with same number of age and sex matched healthy controls were included in the study. Saliva was collected from all the subjects between 9.00 to 9.15 am to avoid diurnal variations of cortisol levels. The saliva samples were analysed for cortisol levels by competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. Anxiety levels of 40 patients were measured by using Hamilton’s anxiety scale. Student’s t-test was used to compare the anxiety and salivary cortisol levels between both groups. Results: The mean salivary cortisol level of the OLP group showed highly significant difference (p<0.001) from the controls. The mean anxiety scores of the OLP group showed highly significant difference (p<0.001) from the controls. A positive correlation was found between anxiety and salivary cortisol levels in the OLP patients. Conclusion: These findings suggest that anxiety play a vital role in the pathogenesis of OLP, thus besides traditional treatment, psychological support is also needed. PMID:25654018

Meduri, Venkateswarlu; Paramkusam, Geetha; Pachava, Koteswara Rao

2014-01-01

133

Predicting patients with high risk of becoming high-cost healthcare users in Ontario (Canada).  

PubMed

Literature and original analysis of healthcare costs have shown that a small proportion of patients consume the majority of healthcare resources. A proactive approach is to target interventions towards those patients who are at risk of becoming high-cost users (HCUs). This approach requires identifying high-risk patients accurately before substantial avoidable costs have been incurred and health status has deteriorated further. We developed a predictive model to identify patients at risk of becoming HCUs in Ontario. HCUs were defined as the top 5% of patients incurring the highest costs. Information was collected on various demographic and utilization characteristics. The modelling technique used was logistic regression. If the top 5% of patients at risk of becoming HCUs are followed, the sensitivity is 42.2% and specificity is 97%. Alternatives for implementation of the model include collaboration between different levels of healthcare services for personalized healthcare interventions and interventions addressing needs of patient cohorts with high-cost conditions. PMID:24726075

Chechulin, Yuriy; Nazerian, Amir; Rais, Saad; Malikov, Kamil

2014-02-01

134

Serum Matrix Metalloproteinase Levels in Patients Exposed to Sulfur Mustard  

PubMed Central

Background: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a group of endopeptidases which comprised of various types. These proteolytic enzymes are zinc-dependent and play role in degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM). Various types of cells such as macrophages, fibroblasts, neutrophils, synovial cells and some epithelial cells secrete MMPs. According to previous studies on bronchiolitis and respiratory tract lesions in these patients and unknown pathophysiology mechanism up to date, this cross–sectional study was performed. Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the serum MMP level in patients with chemical injuries and normal people and also determine the role of these parameters in pulmonary disorders . Materials and Methods: In this cross–sectional study, 25 Iranian patients exposed to the sulfur mustard and 25 unexposed participants as the control group were enrolled. Serum samples were collected from two groups and stored at -70?C until the measurement of MMPs and TIMPs. ELISA kit was used for measurement of MMP and TIMP based on the kit's instruction. For validations in measurement, all samples were analyzed duplicate and in some cases triplicate. Results: The mean level of MMP-9 in serum of chemically-injured group was 1592.42 and this amount in normal group was 679.72 .So there was a significant difference between two groups (P = 0.001) and the mean level of MMP-8 in serum of patients group was 49.10 and in normal group was 35.53. Then there was no significant difference between two groups (P = 0.197). The mean levels of MMP-1 and MMP-2 was not significantly different (P value > 0.05) in the patient and normal groups. And also the mean levels of TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 was not significantly different (P > 0.05) in the patients and normal groups. Conclusions: In summary, serum MMPs in chemically-injured has shown no significant difference with normal people except for the MMP-9. PMID:24829780

Shohrati, Majid; Haji Hosseini, Reza; Esfandiari, Malek Ashtar; Najafian, Nastaran; Najafian, Bita; Golbedagh, Abbas

2014-01-01

135

Circulating APRIL levels are correlated with advanced disease and prognosis in rectal cancer patients.  

PubMed

We have previously shown that the tumor necrosis factor family member a proliferation-inducing ligand (APRIL) enhances intestinal tumor growth in various preclinical tumor models. Here, we have investigated whether APRIL serum levels at time of surgery predict survival in a large cohort of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. We measured circulating APRIL levels in a cohort of CRC patients (n=432) using a novel validated monoclonal APRIL antibody (hAPRIL.133) in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) setup. APRIL levels were correlated with clinicopathological features and outcome. Overall survival was examined with Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, and Cox proportional hazards ratios were calculated. We observed that circulating APRIL levels were normally distributed among CRC patients. High APRIL expression correlated significantly with poor outcome measures, such as higher stage at presentation and development of lymphatic and distant metastases. Within the group of rectal cancer patients, higher circulating APRIL levels at time of surgery were correlated with poor survival (log-rank analysis P-value 0.008). Univariate Cox regression analysis for overall survival in rectal cancer patients showed that patients with elevated circulating APRIL levels had an increased risk of poor outcome (hazard ratio (HR) 1.79; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.16-2.76; P-value 0.009). Multivariate analysis in rectal cancer patients showed that APRIL as a prognostic factor was dependent on stage of disease (HR 1.25; 95% CI 0.79-1.99; P-value 0.340), which was related to the fact that stage IV rectal cancer patients had significantly higher levels of APRIL. Our results revealed that APRIL serum levels at time of surgery were associated with features of advanced disease and prognosis in rectal cancer patients, which strengthens the previously reported preclinical observation of increased APRIL levels correlating with disease progression. PMID:25622308

Lascano, V; Hahne, M; Papon, L; Cameron, K; Röeder, C; Schafmayer, C; Driessen, L; van Eenennaam, H; Kalthoff, H; Medema, J P

2015-01-01

136

Comparison of salivary and serum glucose levels in diabetic patients.  

PubMed

Diabetes mellitus is a noncommunicable disease with a rising prevalence worldwide and in developing countries. The most commonly used diagnostic biofluid for detection of glucose levels is blood, but sample collection is an invasive and painful procedure. Thus, there arises a need for a noninvasive and painless technique to detect glucose levels. The objectives of the present study were to estimate the glucose levels of saliva, to assess if any significant correlation existed between the serum and salivary glucose levels, and to correlate salivary glucose levels with regard to duration of diabetes, age, and gender. In the present study, serum and salivary glucose levels of 200 subjects (100 diabetic subjects and 100 nondiabetic subjects) were estimated by glucose oxidase method. Glycosylated hemoglobin levels were also measured in randomly selected 40 diabetic subjects. The findings of present study revealed a significant correlation between salivary and serum glucose levels in both diabetic and nondiabetic subjects. No significant relationship was observed between salivary glucose levels and gender or age in both diabetics and nondiabetics and between salivary glucose levels and duration of diabetes in diabetics. On the basis of the findings, it was concluded that salivary glucose levels could serve as a potentially noninvasive adjunct to monitor glycemic control in diabetic patients. PMID:25294888

Gupta, Shruti; Sandhu, Simarpreet Virk; Bansal, Himanta; Sharma, Deepti

2015-01-01

137

Interleukin 17F Level and Interferon Beta Response in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis  

PubMed Central

Importance High serum levels of interleukin 17F (IL-17F) at baseline have been associated with suboptimal response to interferon beta in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Objective To further investigate the role of IL-17F in predicting treatment response to interferon beta-1b in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis using the Singulex Erenna IL-17F immunoassay. Design, Setting, and Patients Serum samples were analyzed from 239 randomly selected patients treated with interferon beta-1b, 250 µg, for at least 2 years in the Betaferon Efficacy Yielding Outcomes of a New Dose Study. Exposure Treatment with interferon beta-1b, 250 µg, for at least 2 years. Main Outcome Measures Levels of IL-17F at baseline and month 6 as well as the difference between the IL-17F levels at month 6 and baseline were compared between the following: (1) patients with less disease activity vs more disease activity; (2) patients with no disease activity vs some disease activity; and (3) responders vs nonresponders. Results Levels of IL-17F measured at baseline and month 6 did not correlate with lack of response to treatment after 2 years using clinical and magnetic resonance imaging criteria. Relapses and new lesions on magnetic resonance imaging were not associated with pretreatment serum IL-17F levels. When patients with neutralizing antibodies were excluded, the results did not change. All patients with levels of IL-17F greater than 200 pg/mL were associated with poor response with some clinical or radiological activity. Conclusions and Relevance An increase of IL-17F before and early after treatment with interferon beta-1b was not associated with poor response. These data do not support the value of IL-17F as a treatment response indicator for therapy of patients with multiple sclerosis with interferon beta, although high levels of IL-17F greater than 200 pg/mL may predict nonresponsiveness. PMID:23732754

Hartung, Hans-Peter; Steinman, Lawrence; Goodin, Douglas S.; Comi, Giancarlo; Cook, Stuart; Filippi, Massimo; O’Connor, Paul; Jeffery, Douglas R.; Kappos, Ludwig; Axtell, Robert; Knappertz, Volker; Bogumil, Timon; Schwenke, Susanne; Croze, Ed; Sandbrink, Rupert; Pohl, Christopher

2013-01-01

138

40 CFR 227.30 - High-level radioactive waste.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false High-level radioactive waste. 227.30 Section 227.30 Protection... Definitions § 227.30 High-level radioactive waste. High-level radioactive waste means the aqueous waste resulting...

2010-07-01

139

40 CFR 227.30 - High-level radioactive waste.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false High-level radioactive waste. 227.30 Section 227.30 Protection... Definitions § 227.30 High-level radioactive waste. High-level radioactive waste means the aqueous waste resulting...

2011-07-01

140

40 CFR 227.30 - High-level radioactive waste.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false High-level radioactive waste. 227.30 Section 227.30 Protection... Definitions § 227.30 High-level radioactive waste. High-level radioactive waste means the aqueous waste resulting...

2013-07-01

141

40 CFR 227.30 - High-level radioactive waste.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-07-01 false High-level radioactive waste. 227.30 Section 227.30 Protection... Definitions § 227.30 High-level radioactive waste. High-level radioactive waste means the aqueous waste resulting...

2014-07-01

142

Race, Age, and Obesity Disparities in Adult Physical Activity Levels in Breast Cancer Patients And Controls  

PubMed Central

Physical activity has been shown to be inversely associated with breast cancer recurrence and survival. Although physical activity is known to decline with age, rates of change in physical activity have not been well characterized in breast cancer patients and subgroups with known disparities in breast cancer survival, especially in minorities, the elderly, and the obese. We evaluated moderate and strenuous physical activity from high school through diagnosis in 1,220 breast cancer patients, and from high school to recruitment in 935 controls. We compared the proportion of patients and controls meeting the American Cancer Society (ACS) guidelines for physical activity and differences in declines in level of physical activity by race, age, and obesity. At diagnosis, only 33.2% of breast cancer patients met the ACS physical activity guidelines. Only 13.2, 24.7, and 30.5% of African-American (AA), obese, and older (?65?years) patients met the guidelines, respectively. Controls showed slightly higher rates, with 36.4% overall, 23.7% of AA, 29.0% of obese, and 32.4% of older women meeting the guidelines. AA patients were less likely to meet guidelines compared to White patients (p?patients were less likely to meet guidelines compared to non-obese (p?high school in patients and controls. AA patients reported steeper declines in strenuous (p?=?0.0027), and total (p?=?0.0009) physical activity compared to Whites. Obese patients reported steeper declines in total physical activity compared to non-obese (p?=?0.022). Differences in average slopes of declines in physical activity were not observed by age. Our results suggest that strategies and programs to encourage women to maintain recommended levels of physical activity after high school are needed. Furthermore, breast cancer patients, particularly AA and obese patients, should be targeted to help reduce disparities. PMID:25285306

Thompson, Cheryl L.; Owusu, Cynthia; Nock, Nora L.; Li, Li; Berger, Nathan A.

2014-01-01

143

Enhanced BDNF serum levels in patients with severe pathological gambling.  

PubMed

Although the pathophysiology of gambling is unknown, an involvement of midbrain dopaminergic pathway has been hypothesized. In this study, the association between brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and pathological gambling was investigated. We measured BDNF serum levels in (1) video players (n=10); (2) card players (n=9); (3) mixed players (n=21; both video and card players) and (4) age-matched controls (n=18). Mixed players had increased BDNF serum levels as compared to controls and higher South Oaks Gambling Screen score as compared to card or video players. Thus, the data demonstrate that patients affected by severe pathological gambling show enhanced BDNF serum levels. PMID:22044515

Angelucci, Francesco; Martinotti, Giovanni; Gelfo, Francesca; Righino, Elisabetta; Conte, Gianluigi; Caltagirone, Carlo; Bria, Pietro; Ricci, Valerio

2013-07-01

144

High-level waste qualification: Managing uncertainty  

SciTech Connect

A vitrification facility is being developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) at the West Valley Demonstration Plant (WVDP) near Buffalo, New York, where approximately 300 canisters of high-level nuclear waste glass will be produced. To assure that the produced waste form is acceptable, uncertainty must be managed. Statistical issues arise due to sampling, waste variations, processing uncertainties, and analytical variations. This paper presents elements of a strategy to characterize and manage the uncertainties associated with demonstrating that an acceptable waste form product is achieved. Specific examples are provided within the context of statistical work performed by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL).

Pulsipher, B.A.

1993-09-01

145

The effects of high level infrasound  

SciTech Connect

This paper will attempt to survey the current knowledge on the effects of relative high levels of infrasound on humans. While this conference is concerned mainly about hearing, some discussion of other physiological effects is appropriate. Such discussion also serves to highlight a basic question, 'Is hearing the main concern of infrasound and low frequency exposure, or is there a more sensitive mechanism'. It would be comforting to know that the focal point of this conference is indeed the most important concern. Therefore, besides hearing loss and auditory threshold of infrasonic and low frequency exposure, four other effects will be provided. These are performance, respiration, annoyance, and vibration.

Johnson, D.L.

1980-02-01

146

Service Oriented Architecture for High Level Applications  

SciTech Connect

Standalone high level applications often suffer from poor performance and reliability due to lengthy initialization, heavy computation and rapid graphical update. Service-oriented architecture (SOA) is trying to separate the initialization and computation from applications and to distribute such work to various service providers. Heavy computation such as beam tracking will be done periodically on a dedicated server and data will be available to client applications at all time. Industrial standard service architecture can help to improve the performance, reliability and maintainability of the service. Robustness will also be improved by reducing the complexity of individual client applications.

Chu, Chungming; Chevtsov, Sergei; Wu, Juhao; /SLAC; Shen, Guobao; /Brookhaven

2012-06-28

147

Temporomandibular disorders, otologic symptoms and depression levels in tinnitus patients.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and otologic symptoms in patients with and without tinnitus. The influence of the level of depression was also addressed. The tinnitus group was comprised of 100 patients with tinnitus, and control group was comprised of 100 individuals without tinnitus. All subjects were evaluated using the research diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders (RDC/TMD) to determine the presence of TMD and depression level. Chi-square, Spearman Correlation and Mann-Whitney tests were used in statistical analysis, with a 5% significance level. TMD signs and symptoms were detected in 85% of patients with tinnitus and in 55% of controls (P?0·001). The severity of pain and higher depression levels were positively associated with tinnitus (P?0·001). It was concluded that tinnitus is associated with TMD and with otalgia, dizziness/vertigo, stuffy sensations, hypoacusis sensation and hyperacusis, as well as with higher depression levels. PMID:22035253

Hilgenberg, P B; Saldanha, A D D; Cunha, C O; Rubo, J H; Conti, P C R

2012-04-01

148

Patient Income Level and Cancer Clinical Trial Participation  

PubMed Central

Purpose Studies have shown an association between socioeconomic status (SES) and quality of oncology care, but less is known about the impact of patient SES on clinical trial participation. Patients and Methods We assessed clinical trial participation patterns according to important SES (income, education) and demographic factors in a large sample of patients surveyed via an Internet-based treatment decision tool. Logistic regression, conditioning on type of cancer, was used. Attitudes toward clinical trials were assessed using prespecified items about treatment, treatment tolerability, convenience, and cost. Results From 2007 to 2011, 5,499 patients were successfully surveyed. Forty percent discussed clinical trials with their physician, 45% of discussions led to physician offers of clinical trial participation, and 51% of offers led to clinical trial participation. The overall clinical trial participation rate was 9%. In univariate models, older patients (P = .002) and patients with lower income (P = .001) and education (P = .02) were less likely to participate in clinical trials. In a multivariable model, income remained a statistically significant predictor of clinical trial participation (odds ratio, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.57 to 0.94; P = .01). Even in patients age ? 65 years, who have universal access to Medicare, lower income predicted lower trial participation. Cost concerns were much more evident among lower-income patients (P < .001). Conclusion Lower-income patients were less likely to participate in clinical trials, even when considering age group. A better understanding of why income is a barrier may help identify ways to make clinical trials better available to all patients and would increase the generalizability of clinical trial results across all income levels. PMID:23295802

Unger, Joseph M.; Hershman, Dawn L.; Albain, Kathy S.; Moinpour, Carol M.; Petersen, Judith A.; Burg, Kenda; Crowley, John J.

2013-01-01

149

Lipid, adipokine and ghrelin levels in myocardial infarction patients with insulin resistance  

PubMed Central

Background Insulin resistance (IR) is a risk factor for ischaemic heart disease and myocardial infarction (MI). IR often manifests in MI and is regarded as an independent predictor of in-hospital mortality, which can provide early risk stratification for recurrent acute coronary events. Methods The study enrolled 200 patients (130 males and 70 females aged 61.4?±?1.12 years) diagnosed with ST elevation MI. At days 1 and 12 from the MI onset, IR levels and lipid profiles, as well as serum glucose, insulin, adipokine and ghrelin levels, were measured. Results Free fatty acid (FFA) levels had the most pronounced changes: IR patients had a 9-fold increase in FFA levels at day 1, and patients without IR had a 6-fold increase. Leptin levels at days 1 and 12, in IR patients were, on average, 1.5- and 2-fold higher compared to the controls and patients with no IR (? levels in IR patients were increased throughout the entire hospital stay. Resistin levels in IR patients were, on average, 1.4-fold higher throughout the entire hospital stay, while in non-IR patients, resistin levels were similar to the controls. Adiponectin levels in IR patients were decreased compared to the controls, while in patients with IR, they were similar to the controls. Both IR and non-IR MI patients had 3-fold and 3.7-fold lower ghrelin levels at day 1, respectively, compared to the controls. The correlation analysis showed a negative correlation between ghrelin and FFA (r =??0.48 ? =?0.007), ghrelin and leptin (r =??0.4 ? =?0.003), ghrelin and insulin (r =??0.54 ? =?0.002), and ghrelin and glucose (r =??0.31 ? =?0.002) in MI patients. Conclusion Dyslipidaemia, along with insulinaemia and glycaemia, is one of the most significant IR risk factors in the acute and early recovery phases of MI. Dyslipidaemia is characterised by a high FFA level; an imbalance of leptin, resistin, and adiponectin; and a deficiency of ghrelin in the acute and early recovery periods of MI. FFA and ghrelin can be used as promising molecular markers to stratify the risk of recurrent acute coronary events and diabetes mellitus in MI patients. PMID:24433403

2014-01-01

150

Very low levels of vitamin D in systemic sclerosis patients.  

PubMed

Vitamin D displays many extraosseous immunomodulatory effects. The aim of the study was to evaluate the level of vitamin D in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and to analyze the associations between the concentration of the vitamin and clinical manifestations. In March-April 2009, 65 consecutive SSc patients underwent evaluation of vitamin D concentrations by the LIAISON immunoassay (normal 30-100 ng/ml). Serum levels between 10 and 30 ng/ml were classified as vitamin D insufficiency, while concentrations <10 ng/ml as vitamin D deficiency. None of the patients were receiving vitamin D supplementation at the time of or during the year prior to study entry. The mean level of vitamin D was 15.8 ± 9.1 ng/ml. Only three cases showed normal values; vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency were found in 43 and 19 cases, respectively. Patients with vitamin D deficiency showed longer disease duration (13.1 ± 6.8 versus 9.4 ± 5.5 years, P = 0.026), lower diffusing lung capacity for carbon monoxide (63.7 ± 12.4 versus 76.4 ± 20.2, P = 0.014), higher estimated pulmonary artery pressure (28.9 ± 9.9 versus 22.8 ± 10.4, P = 0.037) and higher values of ESR (40 ± 25 versus 23 ± 13 mm/h, P = 0.001) and of CRP (7 ± 7 and 4 ± 2 mg/l, P = 0.004) in comparison with patients with vitamin D insufficiency; moreover, late nailfold videocapillaroscopic pattern was more frequently found (52.6% versus 18.6%, P = 0.013). None of the patients showed evidence of overt mal-absorption. Low levels of vitamin D are very frequent in patients with SSc. Intestinal involvement is not likely the cause of vitamin D deficit; other factors such as skin hyperpigmentation and reduced sun exposition for psychological and social reasons may be implicated. Patients with vitamin D deficiency showed more severe disease in comparison with patients with vitamin D insufficiency, above all concerning lung involvement. Further trials are awaited to determine whether vitamin D could represent a modifiable factor able to interfere with SSc evolution. PMID:20454816

Caramaschi, Paola; Dalla Gassa, Alessandra; Ruzzenente, Orazio; Volpe, Alessandro; Ravagnani, Viviana; Tinazzi, Ilaria; Barausse, Giovanni; Bambara, Lisa M; Biasi, Domenico

2010-12-01

151

High accuracy electronic material level sensor  

DOEpatents

The High Accuracy Electronic Material Level Sensor (electronic dipstick) is a sensor based on time domain reflectometry (TDR) of very short electrical pulses. Pulses are propagated along a transmission line or guide wire that is partially immersed in the material being measured; a launcher plate is positioned at the beginning of the guide wire. Reflected pulses are produced at the material interface due to the change in dielectric constant. The time difference of the reflections at the launcher plate and at the material interface are used to determine the material level. Improved performance is obtained by the incorporation of: 1) a high accuracy time base that is referenced to a quartz crystal, 2) an ultrawideband directional sampler to allow operation without an interconnect cable between the electronics module and the guide wire, 3) constant fraction discriminators (CFDs) that allow accurate measurements regardless of material dielectric constants, and reduce or eliminate errors induced by triple-transit or "ghost" reflections on the interconnect cable. These improvements make the dipstick accurate to better than 0.1%.

McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

1997-01-01

152

High accuracy electronic material level sensor  

DOEpatents

The High Accuracy Electronic Material Level Sensor (electronic dipstick) is a sensor based on time domain reflectometry (TDR) of very short electrical pulses. Pulses are propagated along a transmission line or guide wire that is partially immersed in the material being measured; a launcher plate is positioned at the beginning of the guide wire. Reflected pulses are produced at the material interface due to the change in dielectric constant. The time difference of the reflections at the launcher plate and at the material interface are used to determine the material level. Improved performance is obtained by the incorporation of: (1) a high accuracy time base that is referenced to a quartz crystal, (2) an ultrawideband directional sampler to allow operation without an interconnect cable between the electronics module and the guide wire, (3) constant fraction discriminators (CFDs) that allow accurate measurements regardless of material dielectric constants, and reduce or eliminate errors induced by triple-transit or ``ghost`` reflections on the interconnect cable. These improvements make the dipstick accurate to better than 0.1%. 4 figs.

McEwan, T.E.

1997-03-11

153

Carnitine supplementation improves apolipoprotein B levels in pediatric peritoneal dialysis patients.  

PubMed

There have been conflicting reports concerning the effect of carnitine supplementation on lipid metabolism in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). We investigated several parameters of lipid metabolism in pediatric PD patients supplemented with carnitine. The study included 20 patients receiving PD (treatment group) aged 2-18 years and a matched healthy control group. In the treatment group, baseline triglyceride, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and apolipoprotein B levels were higher than in the control group. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol, free fatty acid, phospholipids, and apolipoprotein A-I levels were not different from those in the control group. The baseline plasma free carnitine level was lower and acyl-carnitine level was higher in the treatment group. No difference was found between the groups with respect to plasma total carnitine levels. Oral l-carnitine supplementation (50 mg/kg per day for 30 days) led to a significant decrease (from a baseline value of 146.6+/-51.8 mg/dl to 63.6+/-22.2 mg/dl, P<0.001) in apolipoprotein B levels, and no significant change in the other lipid parameters of the treatment group. Oral l-carnitine supplementation does not ameliorate the lipid profile in pediatric PD patients, but it causes a significant decrease in apolipoprotein B levels. Hence, carnitine supplementation may be recommended for decreasing apolipoprotein B levels in this patient population. PMID:14523637

Ko?an, Celalettin; Sever, Lale; Arisoy, Nil; Cali?kan, Salim; Kasapçopur, Ozgür

2003-11-01

154

Sudden Hearing Loss Associated with High Levels of Calcineurin Inhibitors after Liver Transplantation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hearing impairment in patients after liver transplantation (OLT) has only been reported sporadically. However, potential ototoxic side effects may be related to immunsuppression. We report a se- ries of 5 patients who developed sudden hearing loss after OLT and presented high levels of calcineurin inhibitors at the same time. In 4\\/5 patients, sudden hearing loss was bilateral. Patientsmain characteristic were

K. Rifai; J. Klempnauer; M. P. Manns

2006-01-01

155

High plasma adrenomedullin concentrations in patients with high-renin essential hypertension.  

PubMed

Adrenomedullin (AM) is a novel peptide, first isolated from human phaeochromocytoma, which elicits a long-lasting vasorelaxant activity. Recently, it has been reported that endothelial cells produce AM and that immunoreactive AM plasma levels may be elevated in human arterial hypertension, although the exact pathophysiological role of AM remains to be established. The aim of our study was to determine the relationship between the components of the enin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and plasma AM levels in patients with low-, medium- or high- renin essential hypertension. The study groups included 10 patients with low-renin essential hypertension (average age 42+15 years), nine patients with medium-renin essential hypertension (46+13 years), 11 patients with high-renin essential hypertension (42+14 years) and 12 healthy subjects (43+11 years). Our results demonstrated that the mean AM values of all patients with essential hypertension were 10.85+3.14 pg/ml; there was a statistical correlation (r=0.705; p<0.001) between plasma renin activity (PRA) and AM levels in hypertensives. In patients with high-renin essential hypertension, plasma AM levels (14.2+2.2 pg/ml) were significantly higher (p<0.001) than those of healthy subjects (8.7+2.1 pg/ml), patients with medium-renin essential hypertension (8.5+1.4 pg/ml), and patients with low-renin essential hypertension (9.1+1.5 pg/ml). There was no statistical difference in AM concentrations between medium- and low-renin hypertensive patients. In conclusion, we have found that, in hypertensive patients, plasma AM levels were increased only in high-renin individuals, suggesting a role of AM in this particular form of human essential hypertension. PMID:12228854

Letizia, Claudio; Subioli, Stefano; Cerci, Sabrine; Caliumi, Chiara; Verrelli, Cristiana; Delfini, Enrica; Celi, Massimiliano; Scuro, Luigi; D' Erasmo, Emilio

2002-06-01

156

High Level of Viral Suppression and Low Switch Rate to Second-Line Antiretroviral Therapy among HIV-Infected Adult Patients Followed over Five Years: Retrospective Analysis of the DART Trial  

PubMed Central

In contrast to resource-rich countries, most HIV-infected patients in resource-limited countries receive treatment without virological monitoring. There are few long-term data, in this setting, on rates of viral suppression or switch to second-line antiretroviral therapy. The DART trial compared clinically driven monitoring (CDM) versus routine laboratory (CD4/haematology/biochemistry) and clinical monitoring (LCM) in HIV-infected adults initiating therapy. There was no virological monitoring in either study group during follow-up, but viral load was measured in Ugandan participants at trial closure. Two thousand three hundred and seventeen (2317) participants from this country initiated antiretroviral therapy with zidovudine/lamivudine plus tenofovir (n?=?1717), abacavir (n?=?300), or nevirapine (n?=?300). Of 1896 (81.8%) participants who were alive and in follow-up at trial closure (median 5.1 years after therapy initiation), 1507 (79.5%) were on first-line and 389 (20.5%) on second-line antiretroviral therapy. The overall switch rate after the first year was 5.6 per 100 person-years; the rate was substantially higher in participants with low baseline CD4 counts (<50 cells/mm3). Among 1207 (80.1%) first-line participants with viral load measured, HIV RNA was <400 copies/ml in 963 (79.8%), 400–999 copies/ml in 37 (3.1%), 1,000–9,999 copies/ml in 110 (9.1%), and ?10,000 copies/ml in 97 (8.0%). The proportion with HIV RNA <400 copies/ml was slightly lower (difference 7.1%, 95% CI 2.5 to 11.5%) in CDM (76.3%) than in LCM (83.4%). Among 252 (64.8%) second-line participants with viral load measured (median 2.3 years after switch), HIV RNA was <400 copies/ml in 226 (89.7%), with no difference between monitoring strategies. Low switch rates and high, sustained levels of viral suppression are achievable without viral load or CD4 count monitoring in the context of high-quality clinical care. Trial Registration: ISRCTN13968779 PMID:24625508

Kityo, Cissy; Gibb, Diana M.; Gilks, Charles F.; Goodall, Ruth L.; Mambule, Ivan; Kaleebu, Pontiano; Pillay, Deenan; Kasirye, Ronnie; Mugyenyi, Peter; Walker, A. Sarah; Dunn, David T.

2014-01-01

157

Patients Have a Lower Risk of Dying in Level I Trauma Centers  

MedlinePLUS

... risk of dying in level I trauma centers Patient Safety and Quality Both level I and level II ... risk of dying in level I trauma centers: Patient Safety and Quality. June 2013. Agency for Healthcare Research ...

158

Tumor necrosis factor levels in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of patients with the adult respiratory distress syndrome.  

PubMed

Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) was measured antigenically and functionally in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BAL) of patients with ARDS and those at high risk for ARDS. Of 22 patients with ARDS, 14 had sepsis or serious infection as the major clinical predisposition, and 10 of 20 high-risk patients had sepsis or serious infection. Mean levels of TNF in serum of patients with ARDS and high risk showed a trend toward elevation but were not significantly higher than mean serum levels in normal subjects. Mean levels of TNF in BAL of ARDS patients (242 +/- 126 pg/ml) were significantly higher than in normal subjects (9 +/- 5 pg/ml), p less than 0.05. Antigenic levels of TNF were undetectable in approximately half the patients with ARDS or the high-risk state. Levels of TNF in BAL appeared to be highest in the first day of ARDS. There appeared to be no relationship between levels of TNF in serum or BAL and subsequent mortality. However, serum levels of TNF were significantly higher in septic patients than in nonseptic patients, whereas this difference was not apparent in BAL. These results show that functional and antigenic elevations of TNF are present in BAL and perhaps in serum of patients with ARDS or with the high-risk state. PMID:1859048

Hyers, T M; Tricomi, S M; Dettenmeier, P A; Fowler, A A

1991-08-01

159

Extremely high urine arsenic level after remote seafood ingestion.  

PubMed

Urine testing for heavy metal concentrations is increasingly performed in the outpatient setting as a part of laboratory evaluation for neuropathy. Abnormal urine arsenic levels due to dietary intake of organic arsenic can lead to unnecessary chelation therapy. A 54-year-old man underwent a 24-hour urine collection for heavy metal concentrations in evaluation of paresthesia of the right foot. The total arsenic level was 8880 ?g/d with concentrations of 4749 ?g/L and 3769 ?g/g creatinine. He was urgently referred to the toxicology clinic for consideration of chelation therapy. History revealed consumption of 2 lobster tails 5 days before the testing. Speciation was then performed on the original urine specimen and revealed an organic arsenic concentration of 4332 ?g/L. No inorganic or methylated arsenic was detected. Repeat testing after abstaining from seafood demonstrated a total arsenic level of 50 ?g/d with concentrations of 30 ?g/L and 21 ?g/g creatinine. Our patient demonstrates the highest level of arsenobetaine reported in the literature, and this level is higher than expected for a person who had not consumed seafood for 5 days before testing. The high levels may be due to consumption of food that he did not recognize as containing arsenobetaine or that his clearance of arsenobetaine from the ingested lobster is slower than published ranges. This case demonstrates the importance of speciation when measuring urine arsenic levels to avoid unnecessary chelation therapy. PMID:22407195

Nańagas, Kristine A; Tormoehlen, Laura M

2014-01-01

160

New Facility, New Flow, and New Levels of Patient Care  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper describes how lean concepts were applied to the healthcare system.Waiting is an activity that few find rewarding or of value; its simply a waste of time that reduces anyone's level of satisfaction. Yet, somehow, healthcare and waiting often are synonymous. The Clearview Cancer Institute in Huntsville, AL, is a dramatic exception.Physicians and staff have tirelessly reengineered the institutes processes and patient flow to eliminate as much waiting and waste as possible. They have implemented a range of healthcare process innovations that make the new facility atypical, and, in doing so,improved their ability and capacity to serve cancer patients and, most important, they improved the patient experience.

Taninecz, George

161

Increased blood mercury levels in patients with Alzheimer's disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary.   Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder that leads to dementia and death. In addition to several\\u000a genetic parameters, various environmental factors may influence the risk of getting AD. In order to test whether blood levels\\u000a of the heavy metal mercury are increased in AD, we measured blood mercury concentrations in AD patients (n = 33), and compared

C. Hock; G. Drasch; S. Golombowski; F. Müller-Spahn; B. Willershausen-Zönnchen; P. Schwarz; U. Hock; J. H. Growdon; R. M. Nitsch

1998-01-01

162

Patient Education Level As a Predictor of Survival In Lung Cancer Clinical Trials  

PubMed Central

Purpose To investigate the effect of socioeconomic status, as measured by education, on the survival of 1,577 lung cancer patients treated on 11 studies conducted by the Cancer and Leukemia Group B. Patients and Methods Sociodemographic data, including education, was reported by the patient at the time of clinical trial accrual. Cox proportional hazards model stratified by treatment arm/study was used to examine the effect of education on survival after adjustment for known prognostic factors. Results The patient population included 1,177 patients diagnosed with non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC; stage III or IV) and 400 patients diagnosed with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC; extensive or limited). Patients with less than an eighth grade education (13% of patients) were significantly more likely to be male, nonwhite, and older; have a performance status (PS) of 1 or 2; and have chest pain. Significant predictors of poor survival in the final model included male sex, PS of 1 or 2, dyspnea, weight loss, liver or bone metastases, unmarried, presence of adrenal metastases and high alkaline phosphatase levels among patients with NSCLC, and high WBC levels among patients with advanced disease. Education was not predictive of survival. Conclusion The physical condition of patients with low education who enroll onto clinical trials is worse than patients with higher education. Once enrolled onto a clinical trial, education does not affect the survival of patients with SCLC or stage III or IV NSCLC. The standardization of treatment and follow-up within a clinical trial, regardless of education, is one possible explanation for this lack of effect. PMID:18757325

Herndon, James E.; Kornblith, Alice B.; Holland, Jimmie C.; Paskett, Electra D.

2008-01-01

163

Evaluation of Paraoxonase, Malondialdehyde, and Lipoprotein Levels in Patients with Asymptomatic Cholelithiasis  

PubMed Central

Background/Aim: To compare lipoprotein and malondialdehyde levels and paraoxonase-1 activity between subjects with asymptomatic cholelithiasis and controls. Patients and Methods: Eighty subjects with asymptomatic cholelithiasis (55 women, 25 men, mean age: 51, SD 14 years) and 40 control subjects without cholelithiasis (25 women, 25 men, mean age: 51, SD 12 years) were enrolled to the study. Serum paraoxonase activity, lipoproteins, and malondialdehyde were measured. Results: In the cholelithiasis group, serum total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and malondialdehyde were significantly higher and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and paraoxonase-1 were significantly lower than the controls. In cholelithiasis patients with serum glucose level > 100 mg/dL, body mass index, serum total cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), and malondialdehyde levels were significantly higher than cholelithiasis patients with serum glucose level < 100 mg/dL. Paraoxonase-1 activity was significantly lower in patients with serum glucose level > 100 mg/dL. In cholelithiasis patients with TG > 150 mg/dL, mean age, body mass index, glucose, total cholesterol, and malondialdehyde were significantly higher than in cholelithiasis patients with TG < 150 mg/dL. In cholelithiasis subgroup with TG > 150 mg/dL, HDL-C level and paraoxonase-1 activity were lower than in the cholelithiasis subgroup with TG < 150 mg/dL. All of the above comparisons were statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Patients with asymptomatic cholelithiasis have evidence of increased lipid peroxidation and decreased antioxidant capacity. Patients with asymptomatic cholelithiasis with components of the metabolic syndrome have more lipid peroxidation and less antioxidant capacity than patients with asymptomatic cholelithiasis but without the components of the metabolic syndrome. PMID:24496161

Atamer, Aytac; Kurdas-Ovunc, Ayse O.; Yesil, Atakan; Atamer, Yildiz

2014-01-01

164

Circulating iFABP Levels as a Marker of Intestinal Damage in Trauma Patients.  

PubMed

Both the initial trauma and the subsequent hemodynamic instability may contribute to intestinal damage, which is of great importance in (immunological) posttrauma complications. This study assesses intestinal damage using the biomarker intestinal Fatty Acid Binding Protein (iFABP) in trauma patients during the first days of their hospital admission and the risk factors involved. Plasma iFABP levels were measured in blood samples obtained from adult multiple trauma patients (n = 93) at the trauma scene by the Helicopter Emergency Medical Services, at arrival at the emergency department (ED), and at days 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, and 14 after trauma and related to injury severity and hemodynamic parameters. Plasma iFABP concentrations showed highest levels immediately after trauma at time points Helicopter Emergency Medical Services and ED. Nonsurvivors demonstrated higher iFABP levels at the ED compared with survivors. Furthermore, iFABP values at the ED correlated with Injury Severity Scores, and patients suffering from abdominal trauma demonstrated significantly higher iFABP concentrations in comparison with patients with other types of trauma or healthy controls. Also, patients presenting with a mean arterial pressure (MAP) less than 70 mmHg at the ED demonstrated significantly higher plasma iFABP concentrations in comparison with patients with a normal (70-99 mmHg) or high (>100 mmHg) MAP or healthy controls. Finally, patients with a low hemoglobin (Hb) (<80% of reference value) displayed significantly higher iFABP concentrations in comparison with patients with a normal Hb or healthy controls. Plasma iFABP levels, indicative of intestinal injury, are increased immediately after trauma in patients with abdominal trauma, low MAP, or low Hb and are related to the severity of the trauma. As intestinal injury is suggested to be related to late complications, such as multiorgan dysfunction syndrome or sepsis in trauma patients, strategies to prevent intestinal damage after trauma could be of benefit to these patients. PMID:25394241

Timmermans, Kim; Sir, Özcan; Kox, Matthijs; Vaneker, Michiel; de Jong, Carmen; Gerretsen, Jelle; Edwards, Michael; Scheffer, Gert Jan; Pickkers, Peter

2015-02-01

165

Asymmetric dimethylarginine levels in patients with cutaneous anthrax: a laboratory analysis  

PubMed Central

Background Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), the main endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, is considered to be associated with endothelial dysfunction. High ADMA levels have been shown to be related with disorders causing vascular inflammation such as hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, atherosclerosis, chronic heart failure, stroke and sepsis. Cutaneous anthrax (CA) is a serious infectious disease which may cause vasculitis. The aim of the study was to investigate the serum ADMA levels in patients with CA. Methods A total of 35 serum samples of the patients with CA and 18 control sera were tested for ADMA levels using ADMA ELISA kit (Immunodiagnostik AG, Bensheim, Germany). Results ADMA levels were found to be significantly higher in the patients group than the controls (p?levels were found to be positively associated with sedimentation rates (R?=?0.413; p?=?0.026), and inversely associated with international normalized ratio (INR) levels (R?=?-0.46; p?=?0.011). A cut-off value of 0.475 of ADMA had a sensitivity of 74.3%, specificity of 77.8%, and accuracy of 75.5% in the diagnosis of CA. Conclusion Although the exact mechanism still remains unclear, ADMA levels could be related to immune activation in CA. In addition, these data might suggest the higher ADMA levels in patients could be due to the perivascular inflammation and vasculitis in CA. PMID:24669818

2014-01-01

166

Serum level of copper in patients with coronary artery disease  

PubMed Central

Background: Atherosclerotic disease is the most important cause of mortality in the world. Oxidation is an important pathway in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD) through oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and free radical formation. Copper (Cu) is an essential micronutrient for enzymes that catalyse LDL oxidation reactions. Therefore, an evaluation of Cu in the atherosclerotic disease is important. Materials and Methods: In this study, 334 subjects without recent cardiac event and history of collagen vascular or infectious disease were investigated. All patients divided into four groups to evaluate severity of CAD according to Syntax scoring system. All groups were matched in cardiovascular risk factors. Results: The serum level of Cu was significantly higher in total atherosclerotic groups than normal group (P value = 0.001) and significantly increased with severity of atherosclerosis. Conclusion: The finding indicated that the serum level of Cu is higher in atherosclerotic patients and it increases with severity of atherosclerosis. Therefore, it may be possible that the basic relationship exist between serum Cu level and atherosclerosis and an association between Cu level and severity of atherosclerosis.

Bagheri, Babak; Akbari, Negin; Tabiban, Sasan; Habibi, Valiallah; Mokhberi, Vahid

2015-01-01

167

Convergent strabismus fixus in high myopic patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patients with high myopia may develop a myopathy which frequently results in a sort of convergent strabismus fixus. Echographic and CT scan findings give evidence that a myopathic paralysis of the lateral rectus is supported by a slow pressure on this muscle squeezed between the lateral orbital wall and the enlarged eyeball.

B. Bagolini; C. Tamburrelli; A. Dickmann; C. Colosimo

1990-01-01

168

Comparison of serum levels of hepcidin and pro-hepcidin in hemodialysis patients and healthy subjects.  

PubMed

Hepcidin prevents absorption of iron from the intestine and inhibits release of iron from macrophages and hepatocytes. For this reason, it seems that high levels of hepcidin are a predisposing factor for anemia in chronic inflammatory conditions such as chronic kidney disease and dialysis patients. This study was designed to determine the role of changes in the level of serum hepcidin in the management of hemodialysis patients. This study included 44 dialysis patients and 44 controls. The hepcidin and pro-hepcidin levels were measured by the enzymelinked immunosorbent assay method. The serum ferritin level was measured by the chemiluminescence method. The mean hepcidin level was 999.3 ± 996.7 ng/mL in the case group and 770.4 ± 815.9 ng/mL in the control group (P = 0.25). The mean pro-hepcidin level was, respectively, 186.1 ± 220.3 pg/mL and 150.87 ± 207.7 pg/mL, in the case group and control groups (P = 0.45). The mean (standard deviation) ferritin level was 816.4 ± 379.4 ng/mL in the case group and 193 ± 171.8 ng/mL in the control group (P < 0.001). In the case group, the correlation between serum ferritin and hepcidin was not significant (r = 0.6, P = 0.08). Also, there was no significant correlation between serum ferritin and pro-hepcidin levels (r = 0.6, P = 0.08). A positive correlation was seen between pro-hepcidin and hepcidin levels (r = 0.92, P < 0.01). In this study, the results showed that the serum hepcidin levels are high in dialysis patients and that there was no correlation with the serum ferritin levels. PMID:25579713

Taheri, N; Mojerloo, M; Hadad, M; Mirkarimi, H; Nejad, R Khorasani; Joshaghani, H R

2015-01-01

169

Increased plasma soluble endoglin levels as an indicator of cardiovascular alterations in hypertensive and diabetic patients  

PubMed Central

Background Endoglin is involved in the regulation of endothelial function, but there are no studies concerning its relation with hypertension- and diabetes-associated pathologies. Thus, we studied the relationship between plasma levels of soluble endoglin and cardiovascular alterations associated with hypertension and diabetes. Methods We analyzed 288 patients: 64 with type 2 diabetes, 159 with hypertension and 65 healthy patients. We assessed the relationship of soluble endoglin plasma levels measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with basal glycemia, glycosylated hemoglobin, blood pressure, endothelial dysfunction (assessed by pressure wave velocity), hypertensive retinopathy (by Keith-Wagener classification), left ventricular hypertrophy (by Cornell and Sokolow indexes), cardiovascular risk and target organ (heart, vascular, kidney) damage. Results There are significant correlations between endoglin and glycemia, systolic blood pressure, pulse pressure, pressure wave velocity and electrocardiographically assessed left ventricular hypertrophy. Endoglin levels were significantly higher in patients with diabetes who had nondipper and extreme dipper circadian blood pressure patterns than in dipper circadian patterns, in patients with hypertension and diabetes who had riser pattern than in the other patients, and in patients with diabetes but not hypertension who had extreme dipper pattern than in dipper, nondipper and riser groups. There was also a significant correlation between plasma-soluble endoglin and lower levels of systolic night-day ratio. Higher endoglin levels were found in patients with diabetes who had retinopathy, in patients with diabetes who had a high probability of 10-year cardiovascular risk, and in patients with diabetes and hypertension who had three or more damaged target organs (heart, vessels, kidney) than in those with no organs affected. Conclusions This study shows that endoglin is an indicator of hypertension- and diabetes-associated vascular pathologies as endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular damage. PMID:21171985

2010-01-01

170

Decontamination of high-level waste canisters  

SciTech Connect

This report presents evaluations of several methods for the in-process decontamination of metallic canisters containing any one of a number of solidified high-level waste (HLW) forms. The use of steam-water, steam, abrasive blasting, electropolishing, liquid honing, vibratory finishing and soaking have been tested or evaluated as potential techniques to decontaminate the outer surfaces of HLW canisters. Either these techniques have been tested or available literature has been examined to assess their applicability to the decontamination of HLW canisters. Electropolishing has been found to be the most thorough method to remove radionuclides and other foreign material that may be deposited on or in the outer surface of a canister during any of the HLW processes. Steam or steam-water spraying techniques may be adequate for some applications but fail to remove all contaminated forms that could be present in some of the HLW processes. Liquid honing and abrasive blasting remove contamination and foreign material very quickly and effectively from small areas and components although these blasting techniques tend to disperse the material removed from the cleaned surfaces. Vibratory finishing is very capable of removing the bulk of contamination and foreign matter from a variety of materials. However, special vibratory finishing equipment would have to be designed and adapted for a remote process. Soaking techniques take long periods of time and may not remove all of the smearable contamination. If soaking involves pickling baths that use corrosive agents, these agents may cause erosion of grain boundaries that results in rough surfaces.

Nesbitt, J.F.; Slate, S.C.; Fetrow, L.K.

1980-12-01

171

Postoperative Serum Levels of sCD26 for Surveillance in Colorectal Cancer Patients  

PubMed Central

One of the main aims of the follow-up after curative resection of colorectal cancer is the early detection and treatment of tumor recurrence. We previously demonstrated decreased preoperative soluble CD26 (sCD26) levels in serum from colorectal cancer patients. We extended now the study to investigate if sCD26 levels in postoperative serum serve as marker of recurrence of the disease during surveillance. Soluble sCD26 was measured in pre- and postoperative serum samples of 43 patients with primary colorectal cancer. Carcinoembryonic antigen, carbohydrate antigen 19.9 and 72.4 levels were also measured during surveillance. The average follow-up period was 41.8±20.8 months. sCD26 levels during follow-up showed well-defined patterns in patients without disease (n?=?28), and in patients with tumor persistence (n?=?2), local recurrence (n?=?3) or distant metastasis (n?=?10). Disease-free patients showed stable levels between 460–850 ng/mL during follow-up, while high (over 850 ng/mL) and unstable sCD26 levels were found before recurrence was diagnosed. The mean maximum/minimum sCD26 ratios during surveillance were 1.52, 2.12 and 2.63 for patients with no recurrence, local recurrence and metastasis, respectively (p?=?0.005). From the cut-off obtained from a receiver operator characteristics (ROC) curve built with the maximum/minimum sCD26 ratios and the upper and lower cut-offs of sCD26, we were able to discriminate patients with and without recurrent disease. We propose that the measurement of serum sCD26 during the follow-up of patients diagnosed of colorectal cancer could be valuable for the early detection of local and distant recurrence. A large, randomized, prospective trial should be performed to confirm our findings. PMID:25210927

De Chiara, Loretta; Rodríguez-Pińeiro, Ana M.; Cordero, Oscar J.; Vázquez-Tuńas, Lidia; Ayude, Daniel; Rodríguez-Berrocal, Francisco J.; de la Cadena, María Páez

2014-01-01

172

Levels of DKK1 in patients with acute myocardial infarction and response to atorvastatin.  

PubMed

The Wnt-LPR5 signalling pathway plays an important role in skeletal homeostasis, especially in regulating osteoblastic activity. Activation of this pathway is regulated by various inhibitors, including DKK1. The objective of this study was to evaluate DKK1 levels in patients with ischemic heart disease, the response to atorvastatin and the relationship with bone mass. Twenty-one patients with acute myocardial infarction and twenty-three controls with a mean age of 61 ± 9 years with acute coronary syndrome were included. Patients were allocated to low (10-20mg) and high doses (40-80 mg) of atorvastatin according to baseline levels of cholesterol and triglycerides and the index of vascular risk. Patients were studied at hospital admission (baseline) and at 12 months of follow up. DKK1 was determined in all patients at baseline and at 12 months of follow up. Densitometric studies were conducted in the lumbar spine (L2-L4) and the femoral neck and trochanter using an X-ray densitometer. Patients had higher levels of DKK1 than controls, (111 ± 41 nmol/l versus 84 ± 27 nmol/l, p=0.014). Osteoporotic patients had higher levels of DKK1 (137.5 ± 33 nmol/l versus 95.4 ± 36 nmol/l, p=0.021). Analysis of the response to atorvastatin showed reduced DKK1 levels. In conclusion, in patients with acute coronary syndrome, atorvastatin decreases DKK1 levels. This may be a previously unreported mechanism of action of atorvastatin on bone, stimulating the Wnt signalling pathway and increasing bone mass. PMID:19720407

Pérez Castrillón, José Luis; San Miguel, Angel; Vega, Gemma; Abad, Laura; Andres Domingo, María; Gonzalez Sagredo, Manuel; de Luis, Daniel; Duenas-Laita, Antonio

2010-11-01

173

Coordinated Parallelizing Compiler Optimizations and High-Level Synthesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a framework for high-level synthesis that enables the designer to explore the best choice of source level and low level parallelizing transformations for improved synthesis. Within this framework, we implemented a methodology that applies a set of parallelizing code transfor- mations, both at the source level and during scheduling. A designer can use these transformations to optimize high-level

SUMIT GUPTA; Alex Nicolau; Rajesh Gupta

2002-01-01

174

Relation between Pro-inflammatory Cytokines and Acetylcholine Levels in Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis Patients  

PubMed Central

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory, demyelinating and neurodegenerative disorder. Since acetylcholine (ACh) is known to participate in the inflammatory response, we investigated the possible relationship between pro-inflammatory cytokines and acetylcholine levels in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RR-MS) patients. Levels of ACh and pro-inflammatory cytokines IL1-? and IL-17 were measured both in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and sera of 22 RR-MS patients in the relapsing phase and in 17 control subjects affected by other non-neurological diseases (OND). We observed higher levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1? and IL-17 in both CSF and serum of RR-MS patients compared to control subjects. Moreover, ACh levels were lower in CSF and serum of RR-MS patients compared to levels of control subjects. Although the relationship between high inflammatory cytokine levels and low ACh levels need to be further investigated in the future, our data suggest that IL-1?, and cytokines induced by it, such as IL-17 and ACh, may be involved in the pathogenesis of MS. PMID:23202919

Reale, Marcella; de Angelis, Federica; di Nicola, Marta; Capello, Elisabetta; di Ioia, Maria; de Luca, Giovanna; Lugaresi, Alessandra; Tata, Ada Maria

2012-01-01

175

Serum heat shock protein 47 levels in patients with drug-induced lung disease  

PubMed Central

Background Heat shock protein (HSP) 47 is a collagen-specific molecular chaperone that is required for molecular maturation of various types of collagens. We recently reported that HSP47 serum levels were markedly higher in patients with acute exacerbations of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) when compared with patients with stable IPF, suggesting that serum HSP47 levels correlate with interstitial pneumonia activity. The aim of this study was to evaluate serum HSP47 levels in patients with drug-induced lung disease (DILD). Methods Findings from high-resolution computed tomographic chest scans of 47 patients with DILD were classified into one of four predominant patterns: organizing pneumonia (OP) (n?=?4), nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP) (n?=?24), hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) (n?=?11), and diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) (n?=?8). Serum levels of HSP47, Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6), surfactant protein (SP)-A, and SP-D were measured in these patients. Results The PaO2/fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) (P/F) ratios were significantly lower and the alveolar-arterial difference of oxygen (A-a DO2) was significantly higher in the DAD group than in the other groups. Patients with DAD had the worst outcomes among the different subgroups. Patients in the DAD group had significantly higher serum HSP47 levels than those in other groups. Receiver operating characteristic curves revealed that HSP47 was superior to KL-6, SP-A, and SP-D for discriminating between the DAD group and the other groups. The cut-off level for HSP47 that resulted in the highest diagnostic accuracy was 1711.5 pg/mL. The sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy were 87.5%, 97.4%, and 95.7%, respectively. Serum levels of HSP47 in the group of patients requiring glucocorticoids were significantly higher than those in patients who experienced clinical improvement without glucocorticoid administration. Serum HSP47 levels also significantly correlated with various respiratory parameters. Conclusion This study demonstrated that serum HSP47 levels were elevated in patients with DILD with a DAD pattern who had the worst outcomes among the different subgroups, and that this was correlated with P/F ratio and A-a DO2. PMID:24256690

2013-01-01

176

Increased serum interleukin-17 levels in patients with myasthenia gravis.  

PubMed

It has been suggested that interleukin-17 (IL-17) plays a crucial role in the development of several autoimmune diseases. However, there are no data about the relationship between myasthenia gravis and IL-17. The aim of this study was to measure the concentration of IL-17 and determine whether levels depend on the severity of MG. Serum IL-17 concentrations were measured in 25 patients. IL-17 concentrations were higher in generalized MG compared with controls and correlated with anti-acetylcholinesterase receptor antibody titers. PMID:21755509

Roche, Jose C; Capablo, Jose L; Larrad, Luis; Gervas-Arruga, Javier; Ara, Jose R; Sánchez, Alejandro; Alarcia, Raquel

2011-08-01

177

Patient Education Level Affects Functionality and Long Term Mortality After Major Lower Extremity Amputation  

PubMed Central

Background In this study, we examine the relationship between level of education of patients and five year mortality following major lower extremity amputation. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the records of all patients who underwent above- or below-knee amputation at the Nashville VA by the vascular surgery service between January 2000 and August 2006. Formal level of education of the study patients was recorded. Outcomes were compared between those patients who had completed high school and those who had not. Bivariate analysis using chi-square and student's t-test, and multivariable logistic regression were performed. Results Five year mortality for patients who completed high school was lower than those who had not completed high school (62.6% vs. 84.3%; p = 0.001), even after adjusting for important clinical factors (Odds Ratio of death = 0.377, 95% CI 0.164 – 0.868 p=0.022). Conclusions Patients with less education have increased long term mortality following lower extremity amputation. PMID:22906244

Corey, Michael R.; Julien, Jamii St; Miller, Carly; Fisher, Bryan; Cederstrand, Sara L.; Nylander, William A.; Guzman, Raul J.; Dattilo, Jeffery B.

2014-01-01

178

Reduced frontal glutamate + glutamine and N-acetylaspartate levels in patients with chronic schizophrenia but not in those at clinical high risk for psychosis or with first-episode schizophrenia.  

PubMed

Changes in brain pathology as schizophrenia progresses have been repeatedly suggested by previous studies. Meta-analyses of previous proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H MRS) studies at each clinical stage of schizophrenia indicate that the abnormalities of N-acetylaspartate (NAA) and glutamatergic metabolites change progressively. However, to our knowledge, no single study has addressed the possible differences in (1)H MRS abnormalities in subjects at 3 different stages of disease, including those at ultrahigh risk for psychosis (UHR), with first-episode schizophrenia (FES), and with chronic schizophrenia (ChSz). In the current study, 24 patients with UHR, 19 FES, 25 ChSz, and their demographically matched 3 independent control groups (n = 26/19/28 for the UHR, FES, and ChSz control groups, respectively) underwent (1)H MRS in a 3-Tesla scanner to examine metabolites in medial prefrontal cortex. The analysis revealed significant decreases in the medial prefrontal NAA and glutamate + glutamine (Glx) levels, specifically in the ChSz group as indexed by a significant interaction between stage (UHR/FES/ChSz) and clinical status (patients/controls) (P = .008). Furthermore, the specificity of NAA and Glx reductions compared with the other metabolites in the patients with ChSz was also supported by a significant interaction between the clinical status and types of metabolites that only occurred at the ChSz stage (P = .001 for NAA, P = .004 for Glx). The present study demonstrates significant differences in (1)H MRS abnormalities at different stages of schizophrenia, which potentially correspond to changes in glutamatergic neurotransmission, plasticity, and/or excitotoxicity and regional neuronal integrity with relevance for the progression of schizophrenia. PMID:24023251

Natsubori, Tatsunobu; Inoue, Hideyuki; Abe, Osamu; Takano, Yosuke; Iwashiro, Norichika; Aoki, Yuta; Koike, Shinsuke; Yahata, Noriaki; Katsura, Masaki; Gonoi, Wataru; Sasaki, Hiroki; Takao, Hidemasa; Kasai, Kiyoto; Yamasue, Hidenori

2014-09-01

179

[Anxiety level and its determinants in rheumatoid arthritis patients].  

PubMed

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic disease with many somatic, psychological and social consequences. Somatic consequences are connected mainly with increasing levels of negative emotions such as depression, anxiety and a tendency to react with anger to many daily life situations. Additionally, loss of hope has been reported as another effect of rheumatoid arthritis. The goal of the study was to describe anxiety levels and its determinants in RA patients. The study was carried out on 31 RA patients, 22 (71%) of whom were females and 9 (29%) of whom were males. The respondents were assessed with a set of questionnaires such as Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale (MHLC), The Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS) and Eysenck's Personality Questionnaire - Revised (EPQ-R). We have found the relationship between anxiety as (1) a state and external locus of control - powerful others (tau-b = 0.23, p = 0.09), task - oriented style of coping (tau-b = -0.34, p = 0.01), emotion-oriented style of coping (tau-b = 0.33, p = 0.02) and neuroticism levels (tau-b = 0.29, p = 0.03) and (2) anxiety as a trait and external locus of control - powerful others (tau-b = 0.40, p = 0.01), task - oriented style of coping (tau-b = 0.36, p = 0.01), emotion-oriented style of coping (tau-b = 0.33, p = 0.02) and neuroticism levels (tau-b = 0.47, p = 0,01). PMID:22235646

Mojs, Ewa; Ziarko, Micha?; Kaczmarek, ?ukasz; Samborski, W?odzimierz

2011-01-01

180

Decreased Exhaled Nitric Oxide Levels in Patients with Mitochondrial Disorders  

PubMed Central

Background: Nitric oxide (NO) deficiency may occur in mitochondrial disorders (MD) and can contribute to the pathogenesis of the disease. It is difficult and invasive to measure systemic nitric oxide. NO is formed in the lungs and can be detected in expired air. Currently, hand-held fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) measurement devices are available enabling a fast in-office analysis of this non-invasive test. It was postulated that FeNO levels might be reduced in MD. Methods: Sixteen subjects with definite MD by modified Walker criteria (4 to 30 years of age) and sixteen healthy control subjects of similar age, race and body mass index (BMI) underwent measurement of FeNO in accordance with the American Thoracic Society guidelines. Results: Sixteen patient-control pairs were recruited. The median FeNO level was 6.5 ppm (IQR: 4-9.5) and 10.5 ppm (IQR: 8-20.5) in the MD and control groups, respectively. In 13 pairs (81%), the FeNO levels were lower in the MD cases than in the matched controls (p=0.021). Eleven (69%) cases had very low FeNO levels (?7ppm) compared to only 1 control (p=0.001). All cases with enzymatic deficiencies in complex I had FeNO ?7ppm. Conclusions: Single-breath exhaled nitric oxide recordings were decreased in patients with MD. This pilot study suggests that hand-held FeNO measurements could be an attractive non-invasive indicator of MD. In addition, measurement of FeNO could be used as a parameter to monitor therapeutic response in this population. PMID:23935767

Mosquera, Ricardo A.; Samuels, Cheryl L.; Harris, Tomika S.; Yadav, Aravind; Hashmi, S. Shahrukh; Knight, Melissa S.; Koenig, Mary Kay

2013-01-01

181

Distribution of serum erythropoietin levels in Japanese patients with myelodysplastic syndromes.  

PubMed

Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) are used to ameliorate anemia in lower-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Serum erythropoietin (EPO) level <500 IU/L is widely accepted as a major predictive factor for response to ESAs. However, few data about EPO levels in the Japanese population are available. We therefore evaluated distribution of serum EPO levels in Japanese patients with MDS. Forty-three cases were analyzed; 30 were classified as lower-risk MDS (low or intermediate-1 by the international prognostic scoring system). Twenty-two cases were transfusion dependent. The overall median hemoglobin level was 7.7 g/dL. The median value of serum EPO was 254 IU/L (range: 16.4-23,000). Serum EPO levels had a strong inverse correlation with hemoglobin levels, and a significantly larger proportion of patients showed high EPO levels (>500 IU/L) in the transfusion-dependent group. In the higher-risk group, no significant correlation between EPO and hemoglobin was observed. Regression analyses showed that serum EPO of 500 IU/L corresponds to 8.29 g/dL of hemoglobin in lower-risk MDS. The results indicate that patients with hemoglobin levels of 8.0 g/dL or more, who are still transfusion independent, may be good candidates for ESA treatment. PMID:25374009

Suzuki, Takahiro; Oh, Iekuni; Ohmine, Ken; Meguro, Akiko; Mori, Masaki; Fujiwara, Shin-Ichiro; Yamamoto, Chihiro; Nagai, Tadashi; Ozawa, Keiya

2015-01-01

182

Elevated Levels of Coagulation Factor VIII in Patients With Venous Leg Ulcers.  

PubMed

Chronic venous disease affects millions of people around the world. Venous valvular incompetencies and venous reflux, often a result of outflow obstruction are important contributors to venous disease. The prevalence of thrombophilia is increased in patients with chronic venous insufficiency (CVI). The recognition of underlying thrombophilia particularly in young patients opens new avenues in the management and prevention plan. We emphasize on the consideration of workup for coagulopathy, especially factor VIII deficiency in young patients with venous disease. We report 3 patients with chronic leg ulcers and high levels of FVIII:C activity in plasma and other associated thrombophilic factors. We highlight the need to get a workup done for thrombophilia in young patients with recurrent and chronic leg ulcers related to venous insufficiency or livedoid vasculopathy. Further studies with larger sample sizes are required to define the definite indications for the thrombophilia workups. PMID:24861090

Criado, Paulo Ricardo; Alavi, Afsaneh; Kirsner, Robert S

2014-05-25

183

Blood Levels of Ammonia and Nitrogen Scavenging Amino Acids in Patients with Inherited Hyperammonemia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Plasma levels of glutamine (456 determinations), alanine (434 determinations), and asparagine (431 determinations) and corresponding ammonia levels (260 determinations) were retrospectively analyzed in 30 patients with hyperammonemia secondary to urea cycle disorders (including 3 patients with amino acid transport defects) and 5 patients with propionic acidemia (PA). All patients had elevated glutamine levels on one or more testing except for

Mendel Tuchman; Marc Yudkoff

1999-01-01

184

MAP17 and SGLT1 Protein Expression Levels as Prognostic Markers for Cervical Tumor Patient Survival  

PubMed Central

MAP17 is a membrane-associated protein that is overexpressed in human tumors. Because the expression of MAP17 increases reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation through SGLT1 in cancer cells, in the present work, we investigated whether MAP17 and/or SGLT1 might be markers for the activity of treatments involving oxidative stress, such as cisplatin or radiotherapy. First, we confirmed transcriptional alterations in genes involved in the oxidative stress induced by MAP17 expression in HeLa cervical tumor cells and found that Hela cells expressing MAP17 were more sensitive to therapies that induce ROS than were parental cells. Furthermore, MAP17 increased glucose uptake through SGLT receptors. We then analyzed MAP17 and SGLT1 expression levels in cervical tumors treated with cisplatin plus radiotherapy and correlated the expression levels with patient survival. MAP17 and SGLT1 were expressed in approximately 70% and 50% of cervical tumors of different types, respectively, but they were not expressed in adenoma tumors. Furthermore, there was a significant correlation between MAP17 and SGLT1 expression levels. High levels of either MAP17 or SGLT1 correlated with improved patient survival after treatment. However, the patients with high levels of both MAP17 and SGLT1 survived through the end of this study. Therefore, the combination of high MAP17 and SGLT1 levels is a marker for good prognosis in patients with cervical tumors after cisplatin plus radiotherapy treatment. These results also suggest that the use of MAP17 and SGLT1 markers may identify patients who are likely to exhibit a better response to treatments that boost oxidative stress in other cancer types. PMID:23418532

Perez, Marco; Praena-Fernandez, Juan M.; Felipe-Abrio, Blanca; Lopez-Garcia, Maria A.; Lucena-Cacace, Antonio; Garcia, Angel; Lleonart, Matilde; Roncador, Guiovanna; Marin, Juan J.; Carnero, Amancio

2013-01-01

185

Sharing clinical trial data on patient level: Opportunities and challenges  

PubMed Central

In recent months one of the most controversially discussed topics among regulatory agencies, the pharmaceutical industry, journal editors, and academia has been the sharing of patient-level clinical trial data. Several projects have been started such as the European Medicines Agency´s (EMA) “proactive publication of clinical trial data”, the BMJ open data campaign, or the AllTrials initiative. The executive director of the EMA, Dr. Guido Rasi, has recently announced that clinical trial data on patient level will be published from 2014 onwards (although it has since been delayed). The EMA draft policy on proactive access to clinical trial data was published at the end of June 2013 and open for public consultation until the end of September 2013. These initiatives will change the landscape of drug development and publication of medical research. They provide unprecedented opportunities for research and research synthesis, but pose new challenges for regulatory authorities, sponsors, scientific journals, and the public. Besides these general aspects, data sharing also entails intricate biostatistical questions such as problems of multiplicity. An important issue in this respect is the interpretation of multiple statistical analyses, both prospective and retrospective. Expertise in biostatistics is needed to assess the interpretation of such multiple analyses, for example, in the context of regulatory decision-making by optimizing procedural guidance and sophisticated analysis methods. PMID:24942505

Koenig, Franz; Slattery, Jim; Groves, Trish; Lang, Thomas; Benjamini, Yoav; Day, Simon; Bauer, Peter; Posch, Martin

2015-01-01

186

Levels of salivary immunoglobulins and periodontal evaluation in smoking patients  

PubMed Central

Objective The aim of this study was to assess the level of salivary immunoglobulins and periodontal status in smokers and non-smokers. Materials and methods Unstimulated saliva of 30 subjects (mean age 24.2 ± 3.5 years) who were smokers (test group) and of 30 subjects (mean age 25.3 ± 3.8 years) who were non-smokers (control group) was collected and centrifugated; IgA, IgG, and IgM were measured with the colorimetric immunoenzymatic method. Moreover, the following periodontal clinical parameters were recorded for each subject: plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), probing depth (PD), and clinical attachment level (CAL). Results A significantly (p< 0.05) lower Ig level was observed in smoking patients (IgA: 20.0 ± 1.2 mg/dl; IgM: 19.5 ± 1.6 mg/dl; IgG: 8.1 ± 1.4 mg/dl) compared to levels in the non-smoking control group (IgA: 234.1 ± 65.2 mg/dl; IgM: 121.0 ± 31.7 mg/dl; IgG: 1049.4 ± 102 mg/dl). In the test group, PI (2.2 ± 0.3), GI (2.4 ±0.5), PD (49.3 ± 9.2%), and CAL (49.3 ± 4.6%) were higher (p< 0.05) than those observed in the control group (PI: 0.8 ± 0.4; GI: 0.7 ± 0.3; PD: 10.6 ± 2.4%; CAL: 3.1 ± 0.8%). Conclusion Smoking subjects showed lower levels of salivary IgA, IgG, and IgM and a worse periodontal condition than non-smoking subjects. On the base of our study, as smoking subjects also had lower levels of IgA, IgG, and IgM in their saliva than non-smoking subjects, despite the fact that there is little evidence that the salivary Igs have a protective action against periodontitis and that the whole saliva does not result in whole from the salivary glands, it can be concluded that the deteriorated periodontal health conditions of these patients can be attributed in part to a lowering of the host’s defense due to a decrease in the quantity of Igs in salivary fluid. PMID:24502245

2014-01-01

187

Plasma Levels of Soluble HLA-E and HLA-F at Diagnosis May Predict Overall Survival of Neuroblastoma Patients  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to identify the plasma/serum biomarkers that are able to predict overall survival (OS) of neuroblastoma (NB) patients. Concentration of soluble (s) biomarkers was evaluated in plasma (sHLA-E, sHLA-F, chromogranin, and B7H3) or serum (calprotectin) samples from NB patients or healthy children. The levels of biomarkers that were significantly higher in NB patients were then analyzed considering localized or metastatic subsets. Finally, biomarkers that were significantly different in these two subsets were correlated with patient's outcome. With the exception of B7H3, levels of all molecules were significantly higher in NB patients than those in controls. However, only chromogranin, sHLA-E, and sHLA-F levels were different between patients with metastatic and localized tumors. sHLA-E and -F levels correlated with each other but not chromogranin. Chromogranin levels correlated with different event-free survival (EFS), whereas sHLA-E and -F levels also correlated with different OS. Association with OS was also detected considering only patients with metastatic disease. In conclusion, low levels of sHLA-E and -F significantly associated with worse EFS/OS in the whole cohort of NB patients and in patients with metastatic NB. Thus, these molecules deserve to be tested in prospective studies to evaluate their predictive power for high-risk NB patients. PMID:24350297

Morandi, Fabio; Cangemi, Giuliana; Barco, Sebastiano; Amoroso, Loredana; Giuliano, Maria; Gigliotti, Anna Rita; Pistoia, Vito

2013-01-01

188

Determining the satisfaction levels of the family members of patients with advanced-stage cancer.  

PubMed

Objective: The objective of our study was to determine the satisfaction levels of family members of patients with advanced-stage cancer. Method: This descriptive study was conducted in the palliative care and medical oncology clinics of a university hospital in the province of Izmir between April of 2011 and January of 2012. The study sample consisted of a total of 145 family members, who were selected from among the family members of patients with advanced-stage cancer receiving palliative treatment. The study data were obtained using the Patient Description Form and Family Satisfaction Scale during face-to-face interviews with patients. Results: Some 67% of patients were female and 33% male, 70% were married, 35% were high school graduates, and 34.5% were housewives. The average total family satisfaction score was 76.87 ± 1.14, and the average scores for the component variables were as follows: information giving 74.37 ± 1.28, availability of care 78.40 ± 1.17, physical care 78.99 ± 1.09, and psychosocial care 74.52 ± 1.30. We found a relationship between the level of satisfaction of family members and (1) gender, (2) occupation, (3) presence of someone supporting the care, and (4) possession of sufficient information about the patient (p < 0.05). Significance of Results: Satisfaction levels of participants were determined to be high. We found that family member satisfaction levels were affected by gender and occupation, the existence of someone supporting the care, and possession of sufficient information about the patient. PMID:24892641

Ozcelik, Hanife; Cakmak, Deniz Ezgi; Fadiloglu, Cicek; Yildirim, Yasemin; Uslu, Ruchan

2014-06-01

189

Leveraging High-level and Low-level Features for Multimedia Event Detection  

E-print Network

: · A collection of Interest points High-level features: · Outdoor, Person, Bike #12;Classical Fusion · Early;Our Fusion · Train a local classifier with low-level features to capture the general idea of a videoLeveraging High-level and Low-level Features for Multimedia Event Detection Lu Jiang, Alexander G

Shamos, Michael I.

190

Contribution of Interfacility Patient Movement to Overall Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Prevalence Levels  

PubMed Central

Objectives The effect of patient movement between hospitals and long-term care facilities (LTCFs) on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) prevalence levels is unknown. We investigated these effects to identify scenarios that may lead to increased prevalence in either facility type. Methods We used a hybrid simulation model to simulate MRSA transmission among hospitals and LTCFs. Transmission within each facility was determined by mathematical model equations. The model predicted the long-term prevalence of each facility and was used to assess the effects of facility size, patient turnover, and decolonization. Results Analyses of various healthcare networks suggest that the effect of patients moving from a LTCF to a hospital is negligible unless the patients are consistently admitted to the same unit. In such cases, MRSA prevalence can increase significantly regardless of the endemic level. Hospitals can cause sustained increases in prevalence when transferring patients to LTCFs, where the population size is smaller and patient turnover is less frequent. For 1 particular scenario, the steady-state prevalence of a LTCF increased from 6.9% to 9.4% to 13.8% when the transmission rate of the hospital increased from a low to a high transmission rate. Conclusions These results suggest that the relative facility size and the patient discharge rate are 2 key factors that can lead to sustained increases in MRSA prevalence. Consequently, small facilities or those with low turnover rates are especially susceptible to sustaining increased prevalence levels, and they become more so when receiving patients from larger, high-prevalence facilities. Decolonization is an infection-control strategy that can mitigate these effects. PMID:22011533

Barnes, Sean L.; Harris, Anthony D.; Golden, Bruce L.; Wasil, Edward A.; Furuno, Jon P.

2012-01-01

191

40 CFR 227.30 - High-level radioactive waste.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true High-level radioactive waste. 227.30 Section 227.30 Protection... Definitions § 227.30 High-level radioactive waste. High-level radioactive waste means the aqueous waste resulting...

2012-07-01

192

Statistics of high-level scene context  

PubMed Central

Context is critical for recognizing environments and for searching for objects within them: contextual associations have been shown to modulate reaction time and object recognition accuracy, as well as influence the distribution of eye movements and patterns of brain activations. However, we have not yet systematically quantified the relationships between objects and their scene environments. Here I seek to fill this gap by providing descriptive statistics of object-scene relationships. A total of 48, 167 objects were hand-labeled in 3499 scenes using the LabelMe tool (Russell et al., 2008). From these data, I computed a variety of descriptive statistics at three different levels of analysis: the ensemble statistics that describe the density and spatial distribution of unnamed “things” in the scene; the bag of words level where scenes are described by the list of objects contained within them; and the structural level where the spatial distribution and relationships between the objects are measured. The utility of each level of description for scene categorization was assessed through the use of linear classifiers, and the plausibility of each level for modeling human scene categorization is discussed. Of the three levels, ensemble statistics were found to be the most informative (per feature), and also best explained human patterns of categorization errors. Although a bag of words classifier had similar performance to human observers, it had a markedly different pattern of errors. However, certain objects are more useful than others, and ceiling classification performance could be achieved using only the 64 most informative objects. As object location tends not to vary as a function of category, structural information provided little additional information. Additionally, these data provide valuable information on natural scene redundancy that can be exploited for machine vision, and can help the visual cognition community to design experiments guided by statistics rather than intuition. PMID:24194723

Greene, Michelle R.

2013-01-01

193

Serum Inhibin A and Inhibin B Levels in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer Patients  

PubMed Central

The aim of our study was to examine serum inhibin A and inhibin B concentrations in ovarian cancer patients in relation to clinicopathological features and 5-year survival. Material and Methods We enrolled 90 epithelial ovarian cancer patients in our study, aged 45–81 years, who underwent optimal cytoreductive surgery. In all patients, serum inhibin A and inhibin B concentrations were measured using a two-step sandwich type enzyme immunoassay before surgery. Results In the group of patients with ovarian cancer median serum concentration of inhibin A was 3.87 pg/mL (0.96–10.09) and inhibin B was 13.9 pg/mL (5.1–45.0). Median concentrations of inhibin A and B in relation to FIGO stage and histological subtype did not differ significantly. Inhibin A levels were significantly higher in patients with lower grading (G1 and G2) in comparison to those with higher grade G3 (p?=?0.001). There were no differences in inhibin B concentrations in relation to grading. The Kaplan-Meier analyses demonstrated no differences in survival rate in relation to inhibin A levels, while there was a stepwise impairment of 5-years survival with increased inhibin B level. In the group of patients with inhibin B levels higher than 20 pg/ml the survival rate was lower (p?=?0,00625, log-rank test). Conclusion 1. Higher inhibin A serum levels were found in patients with highly differentiated ovarian carcinoma compared to the group of patients with a poorly differentiated cancer, which may confirm the influence of inhibin A on cell proliferation processes. 2. A significant importance of inhibin B was demonstrated in the prediction of death within less than a five year period. The probability of survival in patients featuring high inhibin B levels was lower with statistical significance. This may indicate the need for further studies on how to block the inhibin B activation pathway in the ovarian carcinoma therapy. PMID:24599287

Walentowicz, Pawel; Krintus, Magdalena; Sadlecki, Pawel; Grabiec, Marek; Mankowska-Cyl, Aneta; Sokup, Alina; Walentowicz-Sadlecka, Malgorzata

2014-01-01

194

A rational approach to employing high plasma levels of antipsychotics for violence associated with schizophrenia: case vignettes.  

PubMed

Forensic psychiatric settings contain a high prevalence of treatment-resistant violent schizophrenia patients. Clozapine therapy has the most robust data for the management of violence in patients with schizophrenia, but for those who cannot tolerate or refuse clozapine, high-dose antipsychotic treatment to high achieve high plasma levels remains a viable option despite limited evidence for efficacy in controlled trials. This article enumerates rational guidelines for employing high plasma level strategies, emphasizing the appropriate interpretation of, and reaction to high plasma antipsychotic levels in these treatment resistant patients, and the need to push treatment to the limits of tolerability or clinical response. PMID:24865765

Meyer, Jonathan M

2014-10-01

195

Serum levels of intact parathyroid hormone is a prognostic indicator of dialyzed patients: the Nishinomiya study.  

PubMed

Patients with chronic kidney disease on dialysis are at higher risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD), which is the greatest cause of mortality. The target range of serum intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) for prognosis, 60 to 240?pg/mL, was recommended by the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy guidelines. To investigate the impact of this iPTH target on CVD, dialysis patients were enrolled. A total 287 participants were observed. At the start of the study, serum iPTH levels, routine laboratory parameters, and certain factors related to CVD were evaluated. A survival analysis (Kaplan-Meier curve) was used. After 10 years of follow-up, 19.2% of patients had CVD. The subjects were divided into three groups according to their iPTH level at baseline based on the target range of 60 to 240?pg/mL: Low, Middle, and High groups. CVD was more common in the High and Low groups compared to the Middle group. A lower risk of CVD was evident in the extended dialysis patients with a range of 60 to 240?pg/mL iPTH. Further studies are needed to evaluate the impact of the iPTH level on poor outcome. PMID:24206349

Hasuike, Yukiko; Oue, Mai; Hamahata, Sayuri; Kimura, Tomoko; Fukao, Wataru; Mizusaki, Kosuke; Kaibe, Shoji; Nagasawa, Yasuyuki; Kuragano, Takahiro; Nakanishi, Takeshi

2014-08-01

196

Relationship between Serum Visfatin and Vascular Inflammation Markers Level in Beta Thalassemia Major Patients  

PubMed Central

Background: Understanding the possible role of visfatin in the pathogenesis of beta-thalassemia major (BTM) and its relationship with markers of endothelial function could help us to provide more effective therapeutic approaches for treatment of patients with BTM and its related complications. The aim of current study was to compare serum level of visfatin between patients with BTM and control group and determine its correlation with markers of endothelial function, intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM) and vascular adhesion molecule (VCAM). Methods: In this case-control study, patients with BTM receiving regular blood transfusion aged 10-20 years and a group of healthy subjects were enrolled. Selected subjects examined clinically and venous blood samples obtained for visfatin, ICAM, VCAM, cholesterol, triglyceride, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol and ferritin measurements. Mean (standard deviation) of studied laboratory measurements compared in two studied groups and the relation between visfatin and ICAM, VCAM, ferrittin, body mass index determined. Results: In this study 31 patients with BTM and 30 healthy controls studied. Mean of visfatin was significantly higher in patients with BTM than control group (133.9 ± 60.1 vs. 43.3 ± 27.9, P < 0.001). Conclusions: The higher level of visfatin among patients with BTM indicated the possible inflammatory role of this adipocytokine in BTM. It seems that for understanding the underlying mechanisms and its relation with vascular inflammatory markers and endothelial function further studies with larger sample size is needed. PMID:25400885

Dehkordi, Elham Hashemi; Nourbakhsh, Seyed Mohammad Kazem; Rostampour, Noushin; Boroujeni, Fateme Alizadeh

2014-01-01

197

Normal D-dimer levels in patients with latent tuberculosis infection.  

PubMed

Studies have demonstrated a link between acute pulmonary tuberculosis and a hypercoagulable state, but there are no data on the coagulation state of patients with latent tuberculosis infection (LTI). The present prospective observational study was designed to help fill this gap. The sample included 84 patients (high school students and adults) with suspected LTI referred for the purified protein derivative (PPD) test. Results were read according to the criteria of the American Thoracic Society. Blood samples were collected at admission and assayed for D-dimer, the marker of the coagulation state, with the quantitative Miniquant test. D-dimer values were correlated with the PPD status and clinical parameters. Fifty-seven patients tested positive for LTI and 27 tested negative. There was no significant difference in D-dimer level between these groups (341 +/- 106 and 360 +/- 60 microg/ml, respectively). No significant correlation was found between D-dimer level and PPD status, patient age or occupation (health care worker or not), or clinical indication for the tuberculin test. The normal D-dimer levels in this series suggest that low-level inflammations such as LTI do not lead to a hypercoagulable state. PMID:15650552

Shitrit, D; Izbicki, G; Shitrit, A Bar-Gil; Raz, M; Sulkes, J; Kramer, M R

2005-01-01

198

Prediction of infarct severity from triiodothyronine levels in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction  

PubMed Central

Background/Aims The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between thyroid hormone levels and infarct severity in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods We retrospectively reviewed thyroid hormone levels, infarct severity, and the extent of transmurality in 40 STEMI patients evaluated via contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Results The high triiodothyronine (T3) group (? 68.3 ng/dL) exhibited a significantly higher extent of transmural involvement (late transmural enhancement > 75% after administration of gadolinium contrast agent) than did the low T3 group (60% vs. 15%; p = 0.003). However, no significant difference was evident between the high- and low-thyroid-stimulating hormone/free thyroxine (FT4) groups. When the T3 cutoff level was set to 68.3 ng/dL using a receiver operating characteristic curve, the sensitivity was 80% and the specificity 68% in terms of differentiating between those with and without transmural involvement. Upon logistic regression analysis, high T3 level was an independent predictor of transmural involvement after adjustment for the presence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and the use of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (odds ratio, 40.62; 95% confidence interval, 3.29 to 502; p = 0.004). Conclusions The T3 level predicted transmural involvement that was independent of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor use and DM positivity. PMID:25045293

Kim, Dong Hun; Kim, Hyun-Wook; Choi, Seo-Won; Kim, Bo-Bae; Chung, Joong-Wha; Koh, Young-Youp; Chang, Kyong-Sig; Hong, Soon-Pyo

2014-01-01

199

Matching clinical information with levels of patient health literacy.  

PubMed

Good communication between healthcare professionals and patients is central to therapeutic relationships, and patients need to know how to access, understand and make use of services and information to promote and maintain their health. This article describes how practising effective communication can improve patient care and how nurses, with their central role in patient advocacy, are well placed to become health literacy champions for their patients and the wider NHS. PMID:23841233

Protheroe, Jo; Rowlands, Gill

2013-06-01

200

Patient Dose Reference Levels for Interventional Radiology: A National Approach  

SciTech Connect

A set of patient dose reference levels (RLs) for fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures was obtained in a survey launched by the National Society of Interventional Radiology (IR), involving 10 public hospitals, as recommended by the European Medical Exposures Directive. A sample of 1391 dose values (kerma area product [KAP]) was collected randomly during clinical procedures for seven of the most frequent procedures. Third quartiles of the KAP distributions were used to set the RLs. A regular quality control of the X-ray systems and a calibration of the dose meters were performed during the survey. The fluoroscopy time and total number of digital subtraction angiography images per procedure were also analyzed. The RL values proposed were 12 Gy cm{sup 2} for fistulography (hemodialysis access; sample of 180 cases), 73 Gy cm{sup 2} for lower limb arteriography (685 cases), 89 Gy cm{sup 2} for renal arteriography (55 cases), 80 Gy cm{sup 2} for biliary drainage (205 cases), 289 Gy cm{sup 2} for hepatic chemoembolization (151 cases), 94 Gy cm{sup 2} for iliac stent (70 cases), and 236 Gy cm{sup 2} for uterine embolization (45 cases). The provisional national RL values are lower than those obtained in a similar survey carried out in the United States from 2002 to 2004. These new values could be used to improve the practice of centers consistently working with doses higher than the RLs. This national survey also had a positive impact, as it helped increase the awareness of the members of the National Society of IR on a topic as crucial as patient dose values and programs on radiation protection.

Vano, Eliseo, E-mail: eliseov@med.ucm.es; Sanchez, R.; Fernandez, J. M. [Hospital Clinico San Carlos, Department of Medical Physics (Spain); Gallego, J. J. [Hospital Clinico San Carlos, Department of Radiology (Spain); Verdu, J. F. [Hospital General Universitario de Alicante, Department of Radiology (Spain); Garay, M. Gonzalez de [Hospital de Basurto, Department of Radiology (Spain); Azpiazu, A. [Hospital Txagoritxu, Department of Radiology (Spain); Segarra, A. [Hospital Valle de Hebron, Department of Radiology (Spain); Hernandez, M. T. [Hospital Funacion Alcorcon, Department of Radiology (Spain); Canis, M. [Hospital Reina Sofia, Department of Radiology (Spain); Diaz, F. [Hospital Universitario de Canarias, Department of Radiology (Spain); Moreno, F. [Hospital Juan Ramon Jimenez (Spain); Palmero, J. [Hospital Clinico de Valencia (Spain)

2009-01-15

201

Associations of Triiodothyronine Levels with Carotid Atherosclerosis and Arterial Stiffness in Hemodialysis Patients  

PubMed Central

Summary Background and objectives End-stage renal disease is linked to alterations in thyroid hormone levels and/or metabolism, resulting in a high prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism and low triiodothyronine (T3) levels. These alterations are involved in endothelial damage, cardiac abnormalities, and inflammation, but the exact mechanisms are unclear. In this study, we investigated the relationship between serum free-T3 (fT3) and carotid artery atherosclerosis, arterial stiffness, and vascular calcification in prevalent patients on conventional hemodialysis. Design, setting, participants, & measurements 137 patients were included. Thyroid-hormone levels were determined by chemiluminescent immunoassay, carotid artery–intima media thickness (CA-IMT) by Doppler ultrasonography, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (c-f PWV), and augmentation index by Sphygmocor device, and coronary artery calcification (CAC) scores by multi-slice computerized tomography. Results Mean fT3 level was 3.70 ± 1.23 pmol/L. Across decreasing fT3 tertiles, c-f PWV and CA-IMT values were incrementally higher, whereas CACs were not different. In adjusted ordinal logistic regression analysis, fT3 level (odds ratio, 0.81; 95% confidence interval, 0.68 to 0.97), age, and interdialytic weight gain were significantly associated with CA-IMT. fT3 level was associated with c-f PWV in nondiabetics but not in diabetics. In nondiabetics (n = 113), c-f PWV was positively associated with age and systolic BP but negatively with fT3 levels (odds ratio = 0.57, 95% confidence interval 0.39 to 0.83). Conclusions fT3 levels are inversely associated with carotid atherosclerosis but not with CAC in hemodialysis patients. Also, fT3 levels are inversely associated with surrogates of arterial stiffness in nondiabetics. PMID:21836150

Kircelli, Fatih; Asci, Gulay; Carrero, Juan Jesus; Gungor, Ozkan; Demirci, Meltem Sezis; Ozbek, Suha Sureyya; Ceylan, Naim; Ozkahya, Mehmet; Toz, Huseyin; Ok, Ercan

2011-01-01

202

A reconfigurable high level FPGA-based coprocessor  

Microsoft Academic Search

FPGA technology enjoys both the high performance of a dedicated hardware solution and the flexibility of software that is offered by its inherent reprogrammability feature. Image processing is one application area that can benefit greatly from FPGAs performance and flexibility. This paper presents the design and implementation of a high-level reconfigurable image coprocessor on FPGAs. The image coprocessor high level

S. Sukhsawas; K. Benkrid; D. Crookes

2003-01-01

203

How Do Metal Ion Levels Change over Time in Hip Resurfacing Patients? A Cohort Study  

PubMed Central

Metal-on-metal hip resurfacing (MOM-HR) is offered as an alternative to traditional hip arthroplasty for young, active adults with advanced osteoarthritis. Nevertheless, concerns remain regarding wear and corrosion of the bearing surfaces and the resulting increase in metal ion levels. We evaluated three cohorts of patients with Birmingham hip resurfacing (BHR) at an average follow-up of 2, 5, and 9 years. We asked whether there would be differences in ion levels between the cohorts and inside the gender. Nineteen patients were prospectively analyzed. The correlation with clinical-radiographic data was also performed. Chromium, cobalt, nickel, and molybdenum concentrations were measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Chromium and cobalt levels demonstrated a tendency to decrease over time. Such tendency was present only in females. An inverse correlation between chromium, implant size, and Harris hip score was present at short term; it disappeared over time together with the decreased ion levels. The prospective analysis showed that, although metal ion levels remained fairly constant within each patient, there was a relatively large variation between subjects, so mean data in this scenario must be interpreted with caution. The chronic high exposure should be carefully considered during implant selection, particularly in young subjects, and a stricter monitoring is mandatory. PMID:25580456

Savarino, Lucia; Cadossi, Matteo; Chiarello, Eugenio; Fotia, Caterina; Greco, Michelina; Baldini, Nicola; Giannini, Sandro

2014-01-01

204

Evaluation of right ventricle functions and serotonin levels during headache attacks in migraine patients with aura.  

PubMed

Several studies suggested that headache attacks and its frequency were mainly responsible for increased cardiovascular (CV) disease and mortality in patients with migraine with aura (MWA). Elevated serotonin level has been found to play a role in migraine attacks. Serotonin was best studied within the CV system for its role in the development of pulmonary hypertension, which had negative impact on right ventricular (RV) functions. Therefore, in this study we aimed to evaluate RV functions during headache attacks in MWA patients and its relation to attack frequency with the utility of 2-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D STE). Fifty-three patients with the diagnosis of MWA were enrolled in the study. All patients were evaluated by conventional and 2D-STE echocardiography and venous blood sampling for serotonin was obtained during headache-free period (HFP) and headache-attack period (HAP). Also, patients were divided into two groups according to attack frequency. Patients exhibited higher serotonin levels during HAP than HFP (p < 0.001). Regarding 2D-STE derived RV-free-strain parameters, patients had lower RV-free wall longitudinal speckle-tracking strain (RV-free-ST), RV-free systolic strain rate (RV-free-STR-S), RV-free early diastolic strain rate (RV-free-STR-E) and RV-free-STR-E/A ratio levels during HAP when compared with HFP (p 0.002, p 0.006, p < 0.001 and p 0.001, respectively). Thirty-one patients (58.4 %) had low-frequency attack. Patients with high-frequency attacks had increased serotonin levels (p 0.040) and decreased RV-free-ST, RV-free-STR-S, RV-free-STR-E and RV-free-STR-E/A ratio values during HAP when compared to low-frequency group (p 0.026, p 0.029, p 0.037 and p 0.019 respectively). This study demonstrated that migraine attacks, especially at higher frequencies, could have negative impact on RV systolic functions in MWA patients. PMID:24859191

Kalayc?o?lu, Ezgi; Gökdeniz, Tayyar; Aykan, Ahmet Ca?r?; Gürsoy, Mustafa Ozan; Gül, Ilker; Ayhan, Numan; Celik, Sükrü

2014-10-01

205

Brief Report: Plasma Beta-Endorphin and Cortisol Levels in Autistic Patients.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comparison of plasma levels of beta-endorphin (BE) found that levels in 8 adult autistic patients were lower than levels in 17 healthy controls, for both morning and evening measurements. Plasma BE concentrations were also significantly lower for 13 developmentally disabled patients than levels for normal controls. (JDD)

Sandman, Curt A.; And Others

1991-01-01

206

Association of serum lipids with level of blood pressure in type 2 diabetic patients  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Dyslipidemia and high blood pressure in diabetic patients increase the risk of microvascular and macrovascular complications. Objectives: This study was conducted to investigate the association between serum lipids and level of blood pressure in type 2 diabetic patients (T2D). Patients and Methods: A prospective analytical study was carried out in 60 patients with T2D of both genders. None of the patients had a history of hypertension, and none was treated with antihypertensive drugs. Resting systolic blood pressures and fifth phase diastolic blood pressures were measured three times while the subjects were seated, and the results were averaged second and third measurements. Sixty patients with T2D were enrolled to the study. None of the patients who had a history of gout, was treated with allopurinol or treated with antihypertensive drugs previously. Results: Of 60 participants, mean of serum creatinine was 0.98±0.22 mg/dL. Mean of systolic and diastolic blood pressure was 133±13 mmHg and 84±7.4 mmHg respectively. In this study, a significant positive correlation of serum cholesterol with systolic (r=0.598, p=0.001) and diastolic blood pressure (r=0.584, p=0.001) was seen. Also the associations of serum LDL-C with systolic and diastolic blood pressure were as follow (r = 0.335, p<0.001) and (0.491, p<0.001) respectively. Associations of HDL-C with systolic and diastolic blood pressure were not significance as follow -0.05 and 0.04 respectively. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that serum cholesterol has a strong association with levels of systolic and diastolic blood pressure in T2D patients. More attention to serum lipids and treatment of dyslipidemia could halt the progress of diabetic kidney disease. PMID:25340166

Nasri, Hamid; Behradmanesh, Saeed; Ahmadi, Ali; Baradaran, Azar; Nasri, Parto; Rafieian-Kopaei, Mahmoud

2014-01-01

207

Class switch recombination process in ataxia telangiectasia patients with elevated serum levels of IgM.  

PubMed

Ataxia telangiectasia (AT) is a rare primary immunodeficiency disorder with various clinical manifestations. Increased serum levels of IgM and recurrent infections, mainly sinopulmonary infections, can be the presenting feature in a number of AT patients and may be initially misdiagnosed as hyper-IgM (HIgM) syndrome. This study was designed to investigate class switch recombination (CSR) as a critical mechanism in B lymphocytes' maturation to produce different isotypes of antibody in response to antigen stimulation in AT cases with HIgM presentation. Quantitative IgE production after stimulation by IL-4 and CD40L was considered as an indicator for CSR function. We also compared their results with sex and age matched AT patients without HIgM presentation. We report four AT patients with recurrent infections during infancy and high serum levels of IgM. Laboratory evaluations revealed defective CSR while none of the three AT patients without HIgM presentation had a defect in the CSR process. The characterized defect in AT is a mutation in the ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) gene. This gene may result in CSR defects due to impaired DNA break repair. A special association between AT and HIgM may indicate a new subgroup of AT patients according to their clinical phenotype and CSR condition. PMID:24568663

Mohammadinejad, Payam; Abolhassani, Hassan; Aghamohammadi, Asghar; Pourhamdi, Shabnam; Ghosh, Sujal; Sadeghi, Bamdad; Nasiri Kalmarzi, Rasoul; Durandy, Anne; Borkhardt, Arndt

2015-01-01

208

Low plasma vitamin D levels in patients with familial Mediterranean fever.  

PubMed

Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive, inherited autoinflammatory disease characterized by recurrent, self-limited attacks of fever and inflammation of serosal surfaces. There is an explosion of the data regarding inflammatory markers in FMF and clinical effects of chronic inflammation on the disease presentation. Vitamin D (vit D) is the common denomination of a group of sterols with a crucial role in phospho-calcium metabolism. There are some data about the importance of vit D in the initiation and propogation of a range of autoimmune diseases. The aim of the present study was to determine whether vit D deficiency is present in patients with FMF compared with healthy individuals. The study group included 99 patients with diagnosis of FMF attended to our outpatient Rheumatology and Nephrology Clinics of Atatürk Education and Research Hospital. The control group comprised 51 age- and sex-matched healthy people selected from hospital staff. Serum baseline 25-hydroxy vit D levels were measured by HPLC method using an Agilent 1100 Liquid Chromatograph. We found significantly lower serum 25-hydroxy vit D levels among FMF patients compared with matched controls and a high prevalence of vit D deficiency. This study demonstrated that vit D deficiency is frequent in patients with FMF than the healthy controls. It is convenient to look for vit D deficiency and to correct vit D nutritional status in FMF patients. PMID:22193220

Erten, Sükran; Altuno?lu, Alpaslan; Ceylan, Gülay Güleç; Mara?, Yüksel; Koca, Cemile; Yüksel, Aydan

2012-12-01

209

Oral phosphate binders for the management of serum phosphate levels in dialysis patients.  

PubMed

Hyperphosphataemia is an inevitable consequence of end stage chronic kidney disease and is present in the majority of dialysis patients. Hyperphosphataemia is statistically associated with increased cardiovascular mortality among dialysis patients. Dietary restriction of phosphate and current dialysis modalities are not sufficiently effective to maintain serum phosphate levels within the recommended range so that the majority of dialysis patients require oral phosphate binders. However, benefits of achieving the recommended range have yet to be demonstrated prospectively. Unfortunately, conventional phosphate binders are not reliably effective and are associated with a range of limitations and side effects. Aluminium containing agents are highly efficient but no longer widely used because of well-established and proven toxicity. Calcium-based salts are inexpensive, effective and most widely used but there is now concern about their association with hypercalcaemia and vascular calcification. Sevelamer hydrochloride and lanthanum carbonate are non-aluminium, calcium-free phosphate binders. They are effective and reasonably well tolerated, but still do not control phosphate levels in all patients. Patient education programmes have been shown to be a useful and effective method of improving achievement of serum phosphate targets. PMID:19222734

Mohammed, Ismail; Hutchison, Alastair J

2009-03-01

210

MD Anderson study explains high platelets in ovarian cancer patients; survival reduced  

Cancer.gov

Highly elevated platelet levels fuel tumor growth and reduce the survival of ovarian cancer patients, an international team of researchers led by scientists at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer center reports in the New England Journal of Medicine.

211

IFN? Serum Levels Are Associated with Endothelial Progenitor Cells Imbalance and Disease Features in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients  

PubMed Central

Introduction IFN? has been largely implicated in the ethiopathogenesis of autoimmune diseases but only recently it has been linked to endothelial damage and accelerated atherosclerosis in autoimmunity. In addition, proinflammatory conditions are supposed to be implicated in the cardiovascular status of these patients. Since a role for IFN? in endothelial damage and impaired Endothelial Progenitor Cell (EPC) number and function has been reported in other diseases, we aimed to evaluate the potential associations of IFN? serum levels on EPC populations and cytokine profiles in Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients. Methods pre-EPC, EPC and mature EPC (mEPC) populations were quantified by flow cytometry analyzing their differential CD34, CD133 and VEGFR2 expression in blood samples from 120 RA patients, 52 healthy controls (HC), and 83 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients as disease control. Cytokine serum levels were measured by immunoassays and clinical and immunological data, including cardiovascular (CV) events and CV risk factors, were retrospectively obtained by reviewing clinical records. Results Long-standing, but not recent onset RA patients displayed a significant depletion of all endothelial progenitor populations, unless high IFN? levels were present. In fact, the IFNhigh RA patient group (n?=?40, 33%), showed increased EPC levels, comparable to SLE patients. In addition, high IFN? serum levels were associated with higher disease activity (DAS28), presence of autoantibodies, higher levels of IL-1?, IL-6, IL-10 and MIP-1?, lower amounts of TGF-?, and increased mEPC/EPC ratio, thus suggesting higher rates of endothelial damage and an endothelial repair failure. Finally, the relationship between high IFN? levels and occurrence of CV events observed in RA patients seems to support this hypothesis. Conclusions IFN? serum marker could be used to identify a group of RA patients with increased disease activity, EPC imbalance, enhanced proinflammatory profile and higher cardiovascular risk, probably due, at least in part, to an impaired endothelial repair. PMID:24465874

Rodríguez-Carrio, Javier; de Paz, Banesa; López, Patricia; Prado, Catuxa; Alperi-López, Mercedes; Ballina-García, Francisco Javier; Suárez, Ana

2014-01-01

212

Low serum folate but normal homocysteine levels in patients with atherosclerotic vascular disease and matched healthy controls.  

PubMed

Mild hyperhomocysteinemia has been considered a cardiovascular risk factor. However, recent prospective studies have not demonstrated that hyperhomocysteinemia or the underlying genetic defect on methylentetrahydrofolate reductase is associated with a higher risk of coronary or peripheral artery disease. We compared serum homocysteine, folate, and vitamin B(12) levels of patients with coronary and peripheral vascular disease with those of age- and sex-matched healthy individuals. Subjects taking multivitamins, with diabetes mellitus, or serum creatinine levels over 1.5 mg/dL were excluded from the study. Homocysteine was measured by fluorimetric high-performance liquid chromatography. Serum folate and vitamin B(12) levels were measured by an ion-capture method. We studied 32 patients with peripheral vascular disease (10 female), aged 69.6 +/- 11 y, 24 age- and sex-matched control subjects, 52 patients with coronary artery disease (7 female), aged 59.5 +/- 10.4 y, and 42 age- and sex-matched control subjects. Serum homocysteine levels were 11.7 +/- 7.4 and 9.3 +/- 4.5 micromol/L in vascular patients and in the control counterparts, respectively (not significant). The levels for coronary patients and the control counterparts were 9.0 +/- 3.9 and 8.6 +/- 3.6 micromol/L, respectively (not significant). Folate levels were 4.48 +/- 2.42 and 7.14 +/- 4.04 ng/mL in vascular patients and control subjects, respectively (P < 0.02); the levels in coronary patients and control counterparts were 5.15 +/- 1.9 and 6.59 +/- 2.49 ng/mL, respectively (P < 0.01). No differences in vitamin B(12) or tocopherol levels were observed between patients and control subjects. There were no differences in homocysteine levels, but lower serum folate levels were observed when comparing patients with atherosclerotic vascular disease and healthy control subjects. PMID:10869899

Bunout, D; Petermann, M; Hirsch, S; de la Maza, P; Suazo, M; Barrera, G; Kauffman, R

2000-06-01

213

Increased Circulating Levels of Vitamin D Binding Protein in MS Patients.  

PubMed

Vitamin D (vitD) low status is currently considered a main environmental factor in multiple sclerosis (MS) etiology and pathogenesis. VitD and its metabolites are highly hydrophobic and circulate mostly bound to the vitamin D binding protein (DBP) and with lower affinity to albumin, while less than 1% are in a free form. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the circulating levels of either of the two vitD plasma carriers and/or their relationship are altered in MS. We measured DBP and albumin plasma levels in 28 MS patients and 24 healthy controls. MS patients were found to have higher DBP levels than healthy subjects. Concomitant interferon beta therapy did not influence DBP concentration, and the difference with the control group was significant in both females and males. No significant correlation between DBP and albumin levels was observed either in healthy controls or in patients. These observations suggest the involvement of DBP in the patho-physiology of MS. PMID:25590278

Rinaldi, Arturo Ottavio; Sanseverino, Isabella; Purificato, Cristina; Cortese, Antonio; Mechelli, Rosella; Francisci, Silvia; Salvetti, Marco; Millefiorini, Enrico; Gessani, Sandra; Gauzzi, Maria Cristina

2015-01-01

214

Increased Circulating Levels of Vitamin D Binding Protein in MS Patients  

PubMed Central

Vitamin D (vitD) low status is currently considered a main environmental factor in multiple sclerosis (MS) etiology and pathogenesis. VitD and its metabolites are highly hydrophobic and circulate mostly bound to the vitamin D binding protein (DBP) and with lower affinity to albumin, while less than 1% are in a free form. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the circulating levels of either of the two vitD plasma carriers and/or their relationship are altered in MS. We measured DBP and albumin plasma levels in 28 MS patients and 24 healthy controls. MS patients were found to have higher DBP levels than healthy subjects. Concomitant interferon beta therapy did not influence DBP concentration, and the difference with the control group was significant in both females and males. No significant correlation between DBP and albumin levels was observed either in healthy controls or in patients. These observations suggest the involvement of DBP in the patho-physiology of MS. PMID:25590278

Rinaldi, Arturo Ottavio; Sanseverino, Isabella; Purificato, Cristina; Cortese, Antonio; Mechelli, Rosella; Francisci, Silvia; Salvetti, Marco; Millefiorini, Enrico; Gessani, Sandra; Gauzzi, Maria Cristina

2015-01-01

215

AIDS patients have increased surfactant protein D but normal mannose binding lectin levels in lung fluid  

PubMed Central

Background Surfactant protein D (SP-D) and Mannose Binding Lectin (MBL) are collectins that have opsonic and immunoregulatory functions, are found in lung fluid and interact with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We compared collectin levels in lung fluid and serum from HIV infected and normal subjects to determine if alterations in lung collectin levels were associated with HIV infection and might result in increased susceptibility to other pulmonary infections. Methods Blood and bronchoalveolar lavage samples were collected from 19 HIV-infected individuals and 17 HIV-uninfected individuals, all with normal chest X ray at time of study. HIV viral loads and peripheral blood CD4+ T cell counts were measured in all subjects. SP-D was measured in lung fluid, and MBL in both lung fluid and serum. Results SP-D levels were not significantly different in lung fluid from HIV-uninfected (median 406.72 ng/ml) and HIV-infected individuals with high CD4 count (CD4 >200) (median 382.60 ng/ml) but were elevated in HIV-infected individuals with low CD4 count (median 577.79 ng/ml; Kruskall Wallis p < 0.05). MBL levels in serum were not significantly different between HIV-uninfected and HIV-infected individuals (median 1782.70 ng/ml vs 2639.73 ng/ml) and were not detectable in lung fluid. Conclusion SP-D levels are increased in lung fluid from AIDS patients but not in patients with early HIV infection. MBL levels are not altered by HIV infection or AIDS. There is no evidence that altered pulmonary collectin levels result in susceptibility to infection in these patients. PMID:17567900

Jambo, Kondwani C; French, Neil; Zijlstra, Ed; Gordon, Stephen B

2007-01-01

216

Elevated level of pro-inflammatory eicosanoids and EPC dysfunction in diabetic patients with cardiac ischemia  

PubMed Central

Background Circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are recruited from the blood system to sites of ischemia and endothelial damage, where they contribute to the repair and development of blood vessels. Since numerous eicosanoids including leukotrienes (LTs) and hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (HETEs) have been shown to exert potent pro-inflammatory activities, we examined their levels in chronic diabetic patients with severe cardiac ischemia in conjunction with the level and function of EPCs. Results Lipidomic analysis revealed a diabetes-specific increase (p<0.05) in inflammatory and angiogenic eicosanoids including the 5-lipoxygenase-derived LTB4 (4.11±1.17 vs 0.96±0.27 ng/ml), the lipoxygenase/CYP-derived 12-HETE (117.08±35.05 vs 24.34±10.03 ng/ml), 12-HETrE (17.56±4.43 vs 4.15±2.07 ng/ml), and the CYP-derived 20-HETE (0.32±0.04 vs 0.06±0.05 ng/ml) the level of which correlated with BMI (p=0.0027). In contrast, levels of the CYP-derived EETs were not significantly (p= 0.36) different between these two groups. EPC levels and their colony forming units were lower (p<0.05) with a reduced viability in diabetic patients compared with non-diabetics. EPC function (Colony-Forming Units (CFUs) and MTT assay) also negatively correlated with the circulating levels of HgA1C. Conclusion This study demonstrates a close association between elevated levels of highly pro-inflammatory eicosonoids, diabetes and EPC dysfunction in patients with cardiac ischemia, indicating that chronic inflammation impact negatively on EPC function and angiogenic capacity in diabetes. PMID:23291334

Issan, Yossi; Hochhauser, Edith; Guo, Austin; Gotlinger, Katherine H.; Kornowski, Ran; Leshem-Lev, Dorit; Lev, Eli; Porat, Eyal; Snir, Eitan; Thompson, Carl I.; Abraham, Nader G.; Laniado-Schwartzman, Michal

2015-01-01

217

Studies of ATM for ATLAS high level triggers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents some of the conclusions of our studies on ATM and Fast Ethernet in the ATLAS level-2 trigger pilot project. We describe the general concept and principles of our data collection and event building scheme that could be transposed to various experiments in high energy and nuclear physics. To validate the approach in view of ATLAS High Level

J. Bystricky; D. Calvet; M. Huet; P. Le Du; I. Mandjavidze

2000-01-01

218

Physical Activity Levels in Portuguese High School Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main aim of this study was to evaluate the physical activity (PA) levels of high school Portuguese students during physical education (PE) and investigate the association of PA levels with students' goal orientation and intrinsic motivation. Forty-six students from three high schools participated. Heart rate telemetry and pedometry were used…

Marmeleira, Jose Francisco Filipe; Aldeias, Nuno Micael Carrasqueira; da Graca, Pedro Miguel dos Santos Medeira

2012-01-01

219

MEMORY AWARE HIGH-LEVEL SYNTHESIS FOR EMBEDDED SYSTEMS  

E-print Network

MEMORY AWARE HIGH-LEVEL SYNTHESIS FOR EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Gwenole Corre, Eric Senn, Nathalie Julien to take into account the memory architecture and the memory mapping in the High- Level Synthesis of Real-Time embedded systems. We formalize the memory mapping as a set of constraints for the synthesis, and defined

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

220

VHDL High Level Modelling and Implementation of Fuzzy Systems 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we illustrate a fuzzy logic system design strategy based on a high level description. Employing this high level description, the knowledge base is described in a language in appearance close to the natural language with the particularity that it uses a hardware description language (VHDL) directly syn- thesizable on an FPGA circuit. In addition, we anal yze

Barriga A; Cabrera A; Baturone I

221

Sound Transformations Based on the SMS High Level Attributes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The basic Spectral Modeling Synthesis (SMS) technique models sounds as the sum of sinusoids plus a residual. Though this analysis\\/synthesis system has proved to be successful in transforming sounds, more powerful and intuitive musical transformations can be achieved by moving into the SMS high-level attribute plane. In this paper we describe how to extract high level sound attributes from the

Xavier Serra; Jordi Bonada

1998-01-01

222

Serum levels of YKL-40 and PIIINP as prognostic markers in patients with alcoholic liver disease  

E-print Network

Serum levels of YKL-40 and PIIINP as prognostic markers in patients with alcoholic liver disease markers of liver fibrosis. The aim was to evaluate the prognostic value of serum YKL-40 and PIIINP levels in patients with alcoholic liver disease. Methods: Three hundred and seventy patients with alcoholic liver

Price, Paul A.

223

Suppression of Serum Parathyroid Hormone Levels by Intravenous Alphacalcidol in Uremic Patients on Maintenance Hemodialysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seven patients on chronic hemodialysis were given alphacalcidol (1?-OH-vitamin D3) intravenously in a pilot study during 3 months. Before treatment all patients had serum calcium values within the normal range, but elevated levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH). When serum calcium was raised above the normal range by treatment with alphacalcidol, all patients displayed marked suppression of PTH levels with a

Lars Lind; Bo Wengle; Leif Wide; Ulf Wrege; Sverker Ljunghall

1988-01-01

224

Influence of the cyclic variation of hydration status on hemoglobin levels in hemodialysis patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Maintenance hemodialysis (HD) patients were studied to assess the effect on hemoglobin (Hb) concentration induced by the cyclic variation in hydration status. Methods: Forty-nine HD patients were examined in three consecutive HD sessions in a 1-week treatment period. In a subgroup of 23 patients, Hb levels also were investigated during the long interdialytic interval. Results: Hb levels at the

Vincenzo Bellizzi; Roberto Minutolo; Vincenzo Terracciano; Carmela Iodice; Paolo Giannattasio; Luca De Nicola; Giuseppe Conte; Biagio R. Di Iorio

2002-01-01

225

Increased plasma levels of free tissue factor pathway inhibitor in patients with Graves' disease.  

PubMed

Tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) is present in a free-form and in lipoprotein-associated forms in plasma. In this study, the plasma concentrations of total TFPI (tTFPI) and free-form TFPI (fTFPI) were measured in 25 patients with Graves' disease and 25 age-matched healthy subjects, and the relationship between thyroid state and plasma TFPI was examined. Plasma concentrations (median) of tTFPI and fTFPI in Graves' patients who were hyperthyroid were significantly increased compared with Graves' patients who were euthyroid (152 ng/ml versus 124 ng/ml, p < 0.01 and 41.3 ng/ml versus 20.2 ng/ml, p < 0.0001, respectively), and control subjects (152 ng/ml versus 96 ng/ml, p < 0.0001 and 41.3 ng/ml versus 18.7 ng/ml, p < 0.0001, respectively). There was no significant difference in plasma fTFPI concentrations between the euthyroid group and the control group. Plasma fTFPI concentrations correlated closely with thyroid hormone (T3) levels in the patients (r = 0.559, p < 0.005). Serial measurement of individual patients revealed that plasma concentrations of fTFPI and tTFPI were significantly decreased, reaching normal control values upon attainment of euthyroidism. In conclusion, the close correlation between plasma fTFPI and serum thyroid hormone levels suggests that thyroid hormones might influence the synthesis or metabolism of TFPI on the surface of endothelial cells in patients with Graves' disease. This is the first report concerning high concentrations of plasma tTFPI in patients with hyperthyroidism. PMID:9609221

Morishita, E; Hashimoto, T; Asakura, H; Saito, M; Yamazaki, M; Aoshima, K; Yoshida, T; Kato, H; Matsuda, T

1998-05-01

226

Predictors of Placement in Lower Level versus Higher Level High School Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators and researchers have long been interested in determinants of access to honors level and college prep courses in high school. Factors influencing access to upper level mathematics courses are particularly important because of the hierarchical and sequential nature of this subject and because students who finish high school with only lower…

Archbald, Doug; Farley-Ripple, Elizabeth N.

2012-01-01

227

Elevated tissue factor and tissue factor pathway inhibitor circulating levels in ischaemic heart disease patients.  

PubMed

Several studies have shown that thrombosis and inflammation play an important role in the pathogenesis of Ischaemic Heart Disease (IHD). In particular, Tissue Factor (TF) is responsible for the thrombogenicity of the atherosclerotic plaque and plays a key role in triggering thrombin generation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the TF/Tissue Factor Pathway Inhibitor (TFPI) system in patients with IHD. We have studied 55 patients with IHD and not on heparin [18 with unstable angina (UA), 24 with effort angina (EA) and 13 with previous myocardial infarction (MI)] and 48 sex- and age-matched healthy volunteers, by measuring plasma levels of TF, TFPI, Prothrombin Fragment 1-2 (F1+2), and Thrombin Antithrombin Complexes (TAT). TF plasma levels in IHD patients (median 215.4 pg/ml; range 72.6 to 834.3 pg/ml) were significantly (p<0.001) higher than those found in control subjects (median 142.5 pg/ml; range 28.0-255.3 pg/ml). Similarly, TFPI plasma levels in IHD patients were significantly higher (median 129.0 ng/ml; range 30.3-316.8 ng/ml; p<0.001) than those found in control subjects (median 60.4 ng/ml; range 20.8-151.3 ng/ml). UA patients showed higher amounts of TF and TFPI plasma levels (TF median 255.6 pg/ml; range 148.8-834.3 pg/ml; TFPI median 137.7 ng/ml; range 38.3-316.8 ng/ml) than patients with EA (TF median 182.0 pg/ml; range 72.6-380.0 pg/ml; TFPI median 115.2 ng/ml; range 47.0-196.8 ng/ml) and MI (TF median 213.9 pg/ml; range 125.0 to 341.9 pg/ml; TFPI median 130.5 ng/ml; range 94.0-207.8 ng/ml). Similar levels of TF and TFPI were found in patients with mono- or bivasal coronary lesions. A positive correlation was observed between TF and TFPI plasma levels (r = 0.57, p<0.001). Excess thrombin formation in patients with IHD was documented by TAT (median 5.2 microg/l; range 1.7-21.0 microg/l) and F1+2 levels (median 1.4 nmol/l; range 0.6 to 6.2 nmol/l) both significantly higher (p<0.001) than those found in control subjects (TAT median 2.3 microg/l; range 1.4-4.2 microg/l; F1+2 median 0.7 nmol/l; range 0.3-1.3 nmol/l). As in other conditions associated with cell-mediated clotting activation (cancer and DIC), also in IHD high levels of circulating TF are present. Endothelial cells and monocytes are the possible common source of TF and TFPI. The blood clotting activation observed in these patients may be related to elevated TF circulating levels not sufficiently inhibited by the elevated TFPI plasma levels present. PMID:9531029

Falciani, M; Gori, A M; Fedi, S; Chiarugi, L; Simonetti, I; Dabizzi, R P; Prisco, D; Pepe, G; Abbate, R; Gensini, G F; Neri Serneri, G G

1998-03-01

228

Prognostic Value of Plasma Pentraxin-3 Levels in Patients with Stable Coronary Artery Disease after Drug-Eluting Stent Implantation  

PubMed Central

Pentraxin-3 (PTX3) is an inflammatory marker thought to be more specific to cardiovascular inflammation than C-reactive protein (CRP). Our aim was to assess the prognostic value of PTX3 in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) after drug eluting stent (DES) implantation. Plasma PTX3 levels were measured before percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and at 24?h post-PCI in 596 consecutive patients with stable CAD. Patients were followed up for a median of 3 years (range 1–5) for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs). We found that the post-PCI plasma PTX3 levels were significantly higher at 24?h after PCI than pre-PCI, patients with MACEs had higher post-PCI PTX3 levels compared with MACEs-free patients, patients with higher post-PCI PTX3 levels (median > 4.384?ng/mL) had a higher risk for MACEs than those with PTX3 < 4.384?ng/mL, and post-PCI PTX3, cTnI, multiple stents, and age but not high-sensitivity CRP (hsCRP) were independently associated with the prevalence of MACEs after DES implantation. The present study shows that post-PCI PTX3 may be a more reliable inflammatory predictor of long-term MACEs in patients with stable CAD undergoing DES implantation than CRP. Measurement of post-PCI PTX3 levels could provide a rationale for risk stratification of patients with stable CAD after DES implantation.

Haibo, Liu; Xiaofang, Guo; Chunming, Wang; Jie, Yuan; Guozhong, Chen; Limei, Zhang; Yong, Cao; Yu, Fang; Yingchun, Bao; Wangjun, Yu; Junbo, Ge

2014-01-01

229

Psychological stress is associated with altered levels of myeloid-derived suppressor cells in breast cancer patients.  

PubMed

Our group has shown in a randomized clinical trial that psychological intervention to reduce stress in patients with stages II and III breast cancer led to enhanced immune function, fewer recurrences and improved overall survival. We hypothesized that patients with high levels of stress would have alterations in myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) compared to patients with lower stress. PBMC from 16 patients with high stress (n = 8) or with low stress (n = 8) after surgery as measured by the Impact of Event Scale (IES) questionnaire were evaluated for the presence of MDSC. Patients with higher IES scores had significantly elevated salivary cortisol levels (P = 0.013; 13 ?g/dl vs. 9.74 ?g/dl). Levels of IL-1R? were also significantly elevated in the higher IES group (45.09 pg/ml vs. 97.16 pg/ml; P = 0.010). IP 10, G-CSF, and IL-6 were all higher in the high stress group although not to a significant degree. Flow cytometric analysis for CD33+/HLA-DR-neg/CD15+/CD11b+ MDSC revealed increased MDSC in patients with lower IES scores (P = 0.009). CD11b+/CD15+ cells constituted 9.4% of the CD33+/HLA DR-neg cell population in patients with high IES, vs. 27.3% in patients with low IES scores. Additional analyzes of the number of stressful events that affected the patients in addition to their cancer diagnosis revealed that this type of stress measure correlated with elevated levels of MDSC (P = 0.064). These data indicate the existence of a complex relationship between stress and immune function in breast cancer patients. PMID:21600570

Mundy-Bosse, Bethany L; Thornton, Lisa M; Yang, Hae-Chung; Andersen, Barbara L; Carson, William E

2011-01-01

230

Postoperative delirium and melatonin levels in elderly patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Melatonin, a hormone produced in the pineal gland, is involved in circadian rhythms and the sleep-wake cycle. Postoperative delirium is encountered frequently in elderly patients after major surgery; whether changes in the pattern of melatonin secretion are associated is unclear.Methods: Plasma samples were obtained every 2 hours from 19 patients without delirium and 10 with delirium after major abdominal

Hidetaka Shigeta; Akihiro Yasui; Yuji Nimura; Nobuo Machida; Moto-o Kageyama; Masakazu Miura; Masafumi Menjo; Kyoji Ikeda

2001-01-01

231

TNF-? levels in cancer patients relate to social variables  

PubMed Central

Tumor necrosis factor-? (TNF-?) is an important cytokine associated with tumor regression and increased survival time for cancer patients. Research evidence relates immune factors (e.g., natural killer (NK) cell counts, NK cell lysis, lymphocyte profile, and lymphocyte proliferation) to the frequency and quality of social relations among cancer patients. We hypothesized that disruptions in social relations would be associated with lower TNF-? responses, and conversely, that reports of positive changes in social relations correlate with stronger responses. A prospective design measured changes in social activity and relationship satisfaction with a partner in 44 breast cancer patients at the time of cancer diagnosis, and initial surgery and 12 months later. Results indicated that patients reporting increased social activities or satisfaction exhibited stronger stimulated TNF-? responses. This is the first study to link changes in patient social relations with a cancer-relevant immune variable. PMID:15890493

Marucha, Phillip T.; Crespin, Timothy R.; Shelby, Rebecca A.; Andersen, Barbara L.

2008-01-01

232

Persistent High IgG Phase I Antibody Levels against Coxiella burnetii among Veterinarians Compared to Patients Previously Diagnosed with Acute Q Fever after Three Years of Follow-Up  

PubMed Central

Background Little is known about the development of chronic Q fever in occupational risk groups. The aim of this study was to perform long-term follow-up of Coxiella burnetii seropositive veterinarians and investigate the course of IgG phase I and phase II antibodies against C. burnetii antigens and to compare this course with that in patients previously diagnosed with acute Q fever. Methods Veterinarians with IgG phase I ?1:256 (immunofluorescence assay) that participated in a previous seroprevalence study were asked to provide a second blood sample three years later. IgG antibody profiles were compared to a group of acute Q fever patients who had IgG phase I ?1:256 twelve months after diagnosis. Results IgG phase I was detected in all veterinarians (n = 76) and in 85% of Q fever patients (n = 98) after three years (p<0.001). IgG phase I ?1:1,024, indicating possible chronic Q fever, was found in 36% of veterinarians and 12% of patients (OR 3.95, 95% CI: 1.84–8.49). Conclusions IgG phase I persists among veterinarians presumably because of continuous exposure to C. burnetii during their work. Serological and clinical follow-up of occupationally exposed risk groups should be considered. PMID:25602602

Wielders, Cornelia C. H.; Boerman, Anneroos W.; Schimmer, Barbara; van den Brom, René; Notermans, Daan W.; van der Hoek, Wim; Schneeberger, Peter M.

2015-01-01

233

Stable superconducting magnet. [high current levels below critical temperature  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Operation of a superconducting magnet is considered. A method is described for; (1) obtaining a relatively high current in a superconducting magnet positioned in a bath of a gas refrigerant; (2) operating a superconducting magnet at a relatively high current level without training; and (3) operating a superconducting magnet containing a plurality of turns of a niobium zirconium wire at a relatively high current level without training.

Boom, R. W. (inventor)

1967-01-01

234

ELEVATED SPERMIDINE AND SPERMINE LEVELS IN THE BLOOD OF PSORIASIS PATIENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Samples of blood, anticoagulated with EDTA, from 11 patients with psoriasis and 11 individuals without psoriasis were analyzed for their polyamine content. The average spermidine level in patients with psoriasis was approximately twice that of the controls and the average spermine level was three times that of the controls. The levels of spermidine and spermine in the skin of two

Michael Scott Proctor; Howard Vance Fletcher Jr.; Jayesh B. Shukla; Owen M. Rennert

1975-01-01

235

Metabolic effects of fluvastatin extended release 80 mg and atorvastatin 20 mg in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and low serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels: a 4-month, prospective, open-label, randomized, blinded—end point (probe) trial  

PubMed Central

Background Diabetic dyslipidemia is characterized by greater triglyceridation of all lipoproteins and low levels of plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). In this condition, the serum level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is only slightly elevated. The central role of decreased serum HDL-C level in diabetic cardiovascular disease has prompted the establishment of a target of ?50 mg/dL in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Objective The aim of the study was to assess the effects of once-daily administration of fluvastatin extended release (XL) 80 mg or atorvastatin 20 mg on serum HDL-C levels in patients with type 2 DM and low levels of serum HDL-C. Methods This 4-month, prospective, open-label, randomized, blinded—end point (PROBE) trial was conducted at Endocrinology and Diabetology Service, L. Sacco-Polo University Hospital (Milan, Italy). Patients aged 45 to 71 years with type 2 DM receiving standard oral antidiabetic therapy, with serum HDL-C levels <50 mg/dL, and with moderately high serum levels of LDL-C and triglycerides (TG) were enrolled. After 1 month of lifestyle modification and dietary intervention, patients who were still showing a decreased HDL-C level were randomized, using a 1:1 ratio, to receive fluvastatin XL 80-mg tablets or atorvastatin 20-mg tablets, for 3 months. Lipoprotein metabolism was assessed by measuring serum levels of LDL-C, HDL-C, TG, apolipoprotein (apo) A-I (the lipoprotein that carries HDL), and apo B (the lipoprotein that binds very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, intermediate-density lipoprotein, and LDL on a molar basis). Patients were assessed every 2 weeks for treatment compliance and subjective adverse events. Serum creatine phosphokinase and liver enzymes were assessed before the run-in period, at the start of the trial, and at 1 and 3 months during the study. Results One hundred patients were enrolled (50 patients per treatment group; fluvastatin XL group: 33 men, 17 women; mean [SD] age, 58 [12] years; atorvastatin group: 39 men, 11 women; mean [SD] age, 59 [11] years). In the fluvastatin group after 3 months of treatment, mean (SD) LDL-C decreased from 149 (33) to 95 (25) mg/dL (36%; P < 0.01), TG decreased from 437 (287) to 261 (164) mg/dL (40%; P < 0.01), and HDL-C increased from 41 (7) to 46 (10) mg/dL (12%; P < 0.05). In addition, apo A-I increased from 118 (18) to 124 (15) mg/dL (5%; P < 0.05) and apo B decreased from 139 (27) to 97 (19) mg/dL (30%; P < 0.05). In the atorvastatin group, LDL-C decreased from 141 (25) to 84 (23) mg/dL (40%; P < 0.01) and TG decreased from 411 (271) to 221 (87) mg/dL (46%; P < 0.01). Neither HDL-C (41 [7] vs 40 [6] mg/dL; 2%) nor apo A-I (117 [19] vs 114 [19] mg/dL; 3%) changed significantly. However, apo B decreased significantly, from 131 (20) to 92 (17) mg/dL (30%; P < 0.05). Mean changes in HDL-C (+5 [8] vs ?1 [2] mg/dL; P < 0.01) and apo A-I (+6 [18] mg/dL vs ?3 [21] mg/dL; P < 0.01) were significantly greater in the fluvastatin group than in the atorvastatin group, respectively. However, the decreases in LDL-C (54 [31] vs 57 [32] mg/ dL), TG (177 [219] vs 190 [65] mg/dL), and apo B (42 [26] vs 39 [14] mg/dL) were not significantly different between the fluvastatin and atorvastatin groups, respectively. No severe adverse events were reported. Conclusions Fluvastatin XL 80 mg and atorvastatin 20 mg achieved mean serum LDL-C (? 100 mg/dL) and apo B target levels (? 100 mg/dL) in the majority of this population of patients with type 2 DM, but mean serum HDL-C level was increased significantly only with fluvastatin—16 patients (32%) in the fluvastatin group compared with none in the atorvastatin group achieved HDL-C levels ?50 mg/dL. The increase in HDL-C in the fluvastatin-treated patients was associated with an increase in apo A-I, suggesting a potential pleiotropic and selective effect in patients with low HDL-C levels. PMID:24672088

Bevilacqua, Maurizio; Guazzini, Barbara; Righini, Velella; Barrella, Massimo; Toscano, Rosanna; Chebat, Enrica

2004-01-01

236

Study of the correlation between serum ferritin levels and the aggregation of metabolic disorders in non-diabetic elderly patients  

PubMed Central

The present study aimed to explore the correlation between serum ferritin (SF) levels and the aggregation of metabolic disorders in non-diabetic elderly patients. A total of 2,600 patients were enrolled in the study. Various parameters, including blood pressure (BP), height, weight, lipid profiles, blood glucose (BG), body mass index (BMI), fasting insulin (FINS), serum uric acid (SUA), the urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR) and SF levels were measured. A homeostatic model was used to evaluate insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and ?-cell function (HOMA-?). The quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI) and disposition index (DI) were calculated. The QUICKI and DI decreased significantly and other parameters increased significantly when the number of metabolic disorders increased. Patients with high triglycerides (TG), high total cholesterol (TC), high SUA and obesity demonstrated higher SF levels than those with normal TG, normal TC, normal SUA and normal weight, respectively (P<0.01). Male patients with metabolic disorders (high TG, high TC, high BP, high SUA and obesity) had higher SF levels than female patients with the corresponding disorders (P<0.01). BG, FINS, BMI, TC, TG, SUA, HOMA-IR and HOMA-? were positively correlated with SF, while DI and QUICKI were negatively correlated with SF (P<0.01). Stepwise regression analysis showed that HOMA-IR, BMI, TC, TG and SUA were risk factors for elevated SF levels. In conclusion, the SF levels in non-diabetic, elderly individuals with metabolic disorders may be significantly related to the clustering of the metabolic disorders. Dyslipidemia, obesity, disorders of purine metabolism and insulin resistance may be important risk factors for higher SF levels in the elderly. PMID:24926364

LI, BIQIANG; LIN, WEI; LIN, NAN; DONG, XIAOWEN; LIU, LIBIN

2014-01-01

237

Effect of a spiritual care program on levels of anxiety in patients with leukemia  

PubMed Central

Background: Leukemia is the most common and fatal cancer among young adults. Among all malignancies, it has the greatest effects on emotional and mental aspects of the patients. While 25-33% of patients with non-hematological malignancies suffer from anxiety disorder, some studies have reported the rate among patients with leukemia as high as 50%. Anxiety can negatively affect other important characteristics and parameters in patients with cancer. Furthermore, cancer increases the patients’ spiritual needs. Therefore, spirituality has a significant role in adapting to leukemia and coping with its consequent mental disorders such as anxiety. This study was hence performed to determine the effects of a spiritual care program on anxiety of patients with leukemia. Materials and Methods: This randomized clinical trial was conducted in Sayyed-Al-Shohada Hospital affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences (Isfahan, Iran) in 2012. Sixty four adult patients with leukemia were randomly divided into the experiment and control groups. The spiritual care program including supportive presence and support for religious rituals was implemented for 3 days. Anxiety subscale from the 42-item depression, anxiety and stress scale was completed before and after the intervention for both groups. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical methods (Chi-square, paired and independent t-tests) in SPSS18. Results: There was no significant difference between the two groups before the intervention. However, after the intervention, mean score of anxiety were significantly lower in the experiment group than in the control group (P < 0.01). There was also a significant difference in the scores of the experiment group before and after the intervention (P < 0.01). Such a difference was absent in the control group. Conclusions: Our spiritual care program could successfully decrease anxiety levels in patients with leukemia. Therefore, in cases of refractory diseases such as cancer, nurses have to apply a holistic care approach with emphasis on spiritual care. PMID:24554966

Moeini, Mahin; Taleghani, Fariba; Mehrabi, Tayebeh; Musarezaie, Amir

2014-01-01

238

CSF B-Endorphin Levels in Patients with Infantile Autism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Japanese study measured CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) levels of beta-endorphin in 19 children (ages 4-6) with infantile autism and in 3 children (ages 10-14) with Rett syndrome. In infantile autism, levels did not differ significantly from control participants (n=23). However, levels were significantly higher in those with Rett syndrome. (Author/CR)

Nagamitsu, Shinichiro; And Others

1997-01-01

239

Comparable Low-Level Mosaicism in Affected and Non Affected Tissue of a Complex CDH Patient  

PubMed Central

In this paper we present the detailed clinical and cytogenetic analysis of a prenatally detected complex Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH) patient with a mosaic unbalanced translocation (5;12). High-resolution whole genome SNP array confirmed a low-level mosaicism (20%) in uncultured cells, underlining the value of array technology for identification studies. Subsequently, targeted Fluorescence In-Situ Hybridization in postmortem collected tissues demonstrated a similar low-level mosaicism, independently of the affected status of the tissue. Thus, a higher incidence of the genetic aberration in affected organs as lung and diaphragm cannot explain the severe phenotype of this complex CDH patient. Comparison with other described chromosome 5p and 12p anomalies indicated that half of the features presented in our patient (including the diaphragm defect) could be attributed to both chromosomal areas. In contrast, a few features such as the palpebral downslant, the broad nasal bridge, the micrognathia, microcephaly, abnormal dermatoglyphics and IUGR better fitted the 5p associated syndromes only. This study underlines the fact that low-level mosaicism can be associated with severe birth defects including CDH. The contribution of mosaicism to human diseases and specifically to congenital anomalies and spontaneous abortions becomes more and more accepted, although its phenotypic consequences are poorly described phenomena leading to counseling issues. Therefore, thorough follow–up of mosaic aberrations such as presented here is indicated in order to provide genetic counselors a more evidence based prediction of fetal prognosis in the future. PMID:21203572

Veenma, Danielle; Beurskens, Niels; Douben, Hannie; Eussen, Bert; Noomen, Petra; Govaerts, Lutgarde; Grijseels, Els; Lequin, Maarten; de Krijger, Ronald; Tibboel, Dick; de Klein, Annelies; Van Opstal, Dian

2010-01-01

240

Patient Level Analysis of Outcomes Using Structured Labor and Delivery Data  

PubMed Central

This paper presents methods for identifying and analyzing associations among nursing care processes, patient attributes, and patient outcomes using unit-level and patient-level representations of care derived from computerized nurse documentation. The retrospective, descriptive analysis included documented nursing events for 900 Labor and Delivery patients at three hospitals over the 2-month period of January and February 2006. Two models were used to produce quantified measurements of nursing care received by each patient. The first model considered only the hourly census of nurses and patients. The second model considered the size of nurses’ patient loads as represented by computerized nurse-entered documentation. Significant relationships were identified between durations of labor and nursing care scores generated by the second model. In addition to the clinical associations identified, the study demonstrated an approach with global application for representing the amount of nursing care received at the individual patient level in analyses of patient outcomes. PMID:19535002

Hall, Eric S.; Poynton, Mollie R.; Narus, Scott P.; Jones, Spencer S.; Evans, R. Scott; Varner, Michael W.; Thornton, Sidney N.

2009-01-01

241

Down syndrome patients with pulmonary hypertension have elevated plasma levels of asymmetric dimethylarginine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Down syndrome (DS) patients have an increased risk of developing pulmonary hypertension (PH). Increased plasma levels of asymmetric\\u000a dimethylarginine (ADMA) may contribute to vascular dysfunction in adults with idiopathic pulmonary hypertension. Our goal\\u000a was to test the hypothesis that DS patients with PH have higher plasma levels of ADMA than DS patients without PH. DS patients\\u000a with definitive PH (n?=?6)

Clifford L. Cua; Lynette K. Rogers; Louis G. Chicoine; Molly Augustine; Yi Jin; Patricia L. Nash; Leif D. Nelin

2011-01-01

242

The role of LDH serum levels in predicting global outcome in HCC patients treated with sorafenib: implications for clinical management  

PubMed Central

Background In many tumour types serumlactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels proved to represent an indirect marker of tumour hypoxia, neo-angiogenesis and worse prognosis. As we previously reported LDH is an important predictive factor in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients undergoing transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). Sorafenib represents the therapeutic stronghold in advanced HCC patients. As a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) mainly directed against the angiogenetic pathway, the correlation of sorafenib administration with markers of hypoxia could be an important tool in patients management. Aim of our analysis was to evaluate the role of LDH pre-treatment levels and its variation during treatment in HCC patients receiving sorafenib. Methods 78 patients were available for our analysis. For all patients LDH values were collected within one month before the start of treatment and after the end of therapy. For study purposes we divided our patients into two groups, according to LDH pre-treatment levels, cut-off levels was determined with ROC curve analysis. Patients were, also, classified according to the variation in LDH serum levels pre- and post-treatment (increased vs decreased). Results Patients proved homogeneous for all clinical characteristics analyzed. In patients with LDH values under the cut-off median progression free survival (PFS) was 6.7 months, whereas it was 1.9 months in patients above the cut-off (p?=?0.0002). Accordingly median overall survival (OS) was 13.2 months and 4.9 months (p?=?0.0006). In patients with decreased LDH values after treatment median PFS was 6.8 months, and median OS was 21.0 months, whereas PFS was 2.9 months and OS 8.6 months in patients with increased LDH levels (PFS: p?=?0.0087; OS: p?=?0.0035). Conclusions In our experience, LDH seemed able to predict clinical outcome in terms of PFS and OS for HCC patients treated with sorafenib. Given the correlation between LDH levels and tumour angiogenesis we can speculate that patients with high LDH pretreatment levels may be optimal candidates for other emerging therapeutic agents or strategies targeting different molecular pathways. PMID:24552144

2014-01-01

243

Preoperative plasma leptin levels predict delirium in elderly patients after hip fracture surgery.  

PubMed

Leptin is considered to be a modulator of the immune response. Hypoleptinemia increases the risk for Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia. The present study aimed to investigate the ability of plasma leptin level to predict delirium in elderly patients after hip fracture surgery. Postoperative delirium (pod) was evaluated using the Confusion Assessment Method. Prolonged postoperative delirium (ppod) was defined as delirium lasting more than 4 weeks. Plasma leptin levels of 186 elderly patients and 186 elderly controls were measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Plasma leptin level was substantially lower in patients than in controls (4.6±2.2ng/ml vs. 7.5±1.8ng/ml, P<0.001). It was identified as an independent predictor for pod [odds ratio, 0.385; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.286-0.517; P<0.001] and ppod (odds ratio, 0.283; 95% CI, 0.152-0.527; P<0.001) using a multivariate analysis, and had high area under receiver operating characteristic curve for pod [area under curve (AUC), 0.850; 95% CI, 0.790-0.898] and ppod (AUC, 0.890; 95% CI, 0.836-0.931). The predictive value of leptin was markedly bigger than that of age for pod (AUC, 0.705; 95% CI, 0.634-0.770; P=0.002) and ppod (AUC, 0.713; 95% CI, 0.642-0.777; P=0.019). In a combined logistic-regression model, leptin improved the AUC of age to 0.890 (95% CI, 0.836-0.931) (P<0.001) for pod and 0.910 (95% CI, 0.860-0.947) (P=0.005) for ppod. Thus, preoperative plasma leptin level may be a useful, complementary tool to predict delirium and also prolonged delirium in elderly patients after hip fracture surgery. PMID:24787655

Chen, Xue-Wu; Shi, Jun-Wu; Yang, Ping-Shan; Wu, Zhu-Qi

2014-07-01

244

Plasma Dimethylarginine Levels in Chronic Hemodialysis Patients Are Independent of the Type of Dialyzer Applied  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) levels are increased in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Reports on the effect of various dialysis strategies on ADMA, symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) and L-arginine levels are inconclusive. Patients\\/Methods: In this randomized crossover study, 15 patients were dialyzed for 4 weeks with 4 dialyzers, differing in biocompatibility and flux. Dimethylarginine and L-arginine levels were assessed at baseline, and after

Muriel P. C. Grooteman; Inge M. P. M. J. Wauters; Tom Teerlink; Jos W. R. Twisk; Menso J. Nubé

2007-01-01

245

Cerebrospinal fluid levels of transition metals in patients with Alzheimer's disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary.   We compared CSF and serum levels of iron, copper, manganese, and zinc, measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometry, in\\u000a 26 patients patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) without major clinical signs of undernutrition, and 28 matched controls.\\u000a CSF zinc levels were significantly decreased in AD patients as compared with controls (p < 0.05). The serum levels of zinc,\\u000a and the CSF

J. A. Molina; F. J. Jiménez-Jiménez; M. V. Aguilar; I. Meseguer; C. J. Mateos-Vega; M. J. González-Muńoz; F. de Bustos; J. Porta; M. Ortí-Pareja; M. Zurdo; E. Barrios; M. C. Martínez-Para

1998-01-01

246

Pentraxin-3 Serum Levels Are Associated with Disease Severity and Mortality in Patients with Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome  

PubMed Central

The long pentraxin-3 (PTX3) is a key component of the humoral arm of the innate immune system. PTX3 is produced locally in response to pro-inflammatory stimuli. To investigate PTX3 levels and its use as a biomarker in patients with systemic inflammation, we developed a solid-phase enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay based on novel anti-PTX3 monoclonal antibodies detecting PTX3 with high sensitivity. The assay was applied on 261 consecutive patients admitted to an intensive care unit prospectively monitored with the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). 100 blood donors were included as controls. PTX3 levels were elevated in patients (median?=?71.3 ng/ml) compared with the controls (median?=?0 ng/ml) (Mann-Whitney, p<0.0001). ROC analysis showed that PTX3 levels were significantly specific (85.0%) and sensitive (89.1%) to discriminate between healthy controls and patients (area under the curve (AUC) 0.922 (95% CI 0.892 to 0.946, p<0.0001)). Higher levels of PTX3 were associated with the development of sepsis, severe sepsis and septic shock (p?=?0.0001). The serum levels of PTX3 correlated significantly with SAPS2 score (Spearman's rho 0.28, p<0.0001). Patients with high levels of PTX3 at admission did have a higher 90 day mortality rate than patients with the 25% lowest levels (Cox regression analysis, hazard ratio 3.0, p?=?0.0009). In conclusion, we have established a highly sensitive and robust assay for measurement of PTX3 and found that its serum concentrations correlated with disease severity and mortality in patients with SIRS and sepsis. PMID:24039869

Bastrup-Birk, Simone; Skjoedt, Mikkel-Ole; Munthe-Fog, Lea; Strom, Jens J.; Ma, Ying Jie; Garred, Peter

2013-01-01

247

Can Serum Ferritin Level Predict Disease Severity in Patients with Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever?  

PubMed Central

Objective: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is an acute viral disease. Several factors have already been suggested to explain the pathogenesis as well as predict the disease severity. In our study we aim to investigate the role of serum ferritin level as a possible predicting factor of disease severity in these patients. Materials and Methods: We evaluated all patients with laboratory confirmed diagnosis of CCHF who were admitted to Boo-Ali Hospital of Zahedan from May 2011 to June 2012. Confirmation of the disease determined using the presence of anti- CCHFV IgM in the serum by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) or by polymerase chain reaction(PCR). After ethical approval, patients were categorized into two groups of mild and severe disease according to disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) severity using the scoring system of International Society on Thrombosis and Hemostasis (ISTH). Serum ferritin levels were evaluated and compared between these two groups. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to assess the optimal cutoff value of serum ferritin for predicting the disease severity. Results: A total of 42 patients (36 men, 6 women, age range: 17–78 years) were included in this study, of whom 38% had Persian and 62% had Baloch ethnicity. According to DIC severity score, 54.7% of the patients had severe disease and 45.3% had mild disease. The area under the ROC curve was 0.896 and 95% CI was 0.801–0.991 (p<0.0001). A cut-off point of 1060 ng/dL, had a sensitivity of 78.9%, a specificity of 87%, a positive predictive value of 6% and a negative predictive value of 100%. Positive and negative likelihood ratios for this serum ferritin level were 6.05 and 0.24, respectively. Conclusion: Increased serum ferritin level has a significant positive correlation with disease severity in patients with CCHF and can evaluate the prognosis of these patients with a high sensitivity and specificity.

Metanat, Maliheh; Sharifi-Mood, Batool; Tabatabaei, Mehdi; Sarraf-Shirazi, Mohammad

2013-01-01

248

Combined alkaline phosphatase and phosphorus levels as a predictor of mortality in maintenance hemodialysis patients.  

PubMed

Hyperphosphatemia-induced vascular calcification and higher alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels-related high-turnover bone diseases are linked to mortality among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Nonetheless, no large epidemiological study in patients with CKD has been conducted to investigate the interaction and joint effect of hyperphosphatemia and higher ALP levels on mortality.We analyzed 11,912 maintenance hemodialysis patients from January 2005 to December 2010. Unadjusted and adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs) of death were calculated for different categories of serum phosphorus and ALP using the Cox regression model. The modification effect between serum phosphorus and ALP on mortality was determined using an interaction product term.Both hypophosphatemia (<3.0 mg/dL) and hyperphosphatemia (>7.0 mg/dL) were associated with incremental risks of death (aHR: 1.25 [95% confidence intervals (CIs): 1.09-1.44], and 1.15 [95% CI: 1.01-1.31], respectively) compared to the lowest hazard ratio (HR) group (5 mg/dL ? phosphorus<6 mg/dL). ALP levels were linearly associated with incremental risks for death (aHR: 1.58 [95% CI: 1.41-1.76] for the category of ALP>150?U/L). In the stratified analysis, patients with combined higher ALP (>150 U/L) and hyperphosphatemia (>7.0 mg/dL) had the greatest mortality risk (aHR: 2.25 [95% CI: 1.69-2.98] compared to the lowest HR group (ALP???60?U/L and 4 mg/dL ? phosphorus<5 mg/dL). Although the effect of hyperphosphatemia on mortality seemed stronger in higher ALP levels, the interaction was not statistically significant (P=0.22).The association between serum phosphorus levels and mortality was not limited to higher ALP levels. Regardless of serum ALP levels, we may control serum phosphorus levels merely toward the normal range. While considering the joint effect of ALP and hyperphosphatemia on mortality, the optimal phosphorus range should be stricter. PMID:25319440

Chang, Jia-Feng; Feng, Ying-Feng; Peng, Yu-Sen; Hsu, Shih-Ping; Pai, Mei-Fen; Chen, Hung-Yuan; Wu, Hon-Yen; Yang, Ju-Yeh

2014-10-01

249

High-level disinfection of gastrointestinal endoscope reprocessing  

PubMed Central

High level disinfection (HLD) of the gastrointestinal (GI) endoscope is not simply a slogan, but rather is a form of experimental monitoring-based medicine. By definition, GI endoscopy is a semicritical medical device. Hence, such medical devices require major quality assurance for disinfection. And because many of these items are temperature sensitive, low-temperature chemical methods, such as liquid chemical germicide, must be used rather than steam sterilization. In summarizing guidelines for infection prevention and control for GI endoscopy, there are three important steps that must be highlighted: manual washing, HLD with automated endoscope reprocessor, and drying. Strict adherence to current guidelines is required because compared to any other medical device, the GI endoscope is associated with more outbreaks linked to inadequate cleaning or disinfecting during HLD. Both experimental evaluation on the surveillance bacterial cultures and in-use clinical results have shown that, the monitoring of the stringent processes to prevent and control infection is an essential component of the broader strategy to ensure the delivery of safe endoscopy services, because endoscope reprocessing is a multistep procedure involving numerous factors that can interfere with its efficacy. Based on our years of experience in the surveillance of culture monitoring of endoscopic reprocessing, we aim in this study to carefully describe what details require attention in the GI endoscopy disinfection and to share our experience so that patients can be provided with high quality and safe medical practices. Quality management encompasses all aspects of pre- and post-procedural care including the efficiency of the endoscopy unit and reprocessing area, as well as the endoscopic procedure itself.

Chiu, King-Wah; Lu, Lung-Sheng; Chiou, Shue-Shian

2015-01-01

250

Diminished serum repetin levels in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.  

PubMed

Repetin (RPTN) protein is a member of S100 family and is known to be expressed in the normal epidermis. Here we show that RPTN is ubiquitously expressed in both mouse and human brain, with relatively high levels in choroid plexus, hippocampus and prefrontal cortex. To investigate the expression of RPTN in neuropsychiatric disorders, we determined serum levels of RPTN in patients with schizophrenia (n = 88) or bipolar disorder (n = 34) and in chronic psychostimulant users (n = 91). We also studied its expression in a mouse model of chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS). The results showed that serum RPTN levels were significantly diminished in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder or in psychostimulant users, compared with healthy subjects (n = 115) or age-matched controls (n = 92) (p < 0.0001). In CUMS mice, RPTN expression in hippocampus and prefrontal cortex was reduced with progression of the CUMS procedure; the serum RPTN level remained unchanged. Since CUMS is a model for depression and methamphetamine (METH) abuse induced psychosis recapitulates many of the psychotic symptoms of schizophrenia, the results from this study may imply that RPTN plays a potential role in emotional and cognitive processing; its decrease in serum may indicate its involvement in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. PMID:25613293

Wang, Shuai; Ren, Huixun; Xu, Jie; Yu, Yanjun; Han, Shuiping; Qiao, Hui; Cheng, Shaoli; Xu, Chang; An, Shucheng; Ju, Bomiao; Yu, Chengyuan; Wang, Chanyuan; Wang, Tao; Yang, Zhenjun; Taylor, Ethan Will; Zhao, Lijun

2015-01-01

251

Diminished serum repetin levels in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder  

PubMed Central

Repetin (RPTN) protein is a member of S100 family and is known to be expressed in the normal epidermis. Here we show that RPTN is ubiquitously expressed in both mouse and human brain, with relatively high levels in choroid plexus, hippocampus and prefrontal cortex. To investigate the expression of RPTN in neuropsychiatric disorders, we determined serum levels of RPTN in patients with schizophrenia (n = 88) or bipolar disorder (n = 34) and in chronic psychostimulant users (n = 91). We also studied its expression in a mouse model of chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS). The results showed that serum RPTN levels were significantly diminished in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder or in psychostimulant users, compared with healthy subjects (n = 115) or age-matched controls (n = 92) (p < 0.0001). In CUMS mice, RPTN expression in hippocampus and prefrontal cortex was reduced with progression of the CUMS procedure; the serum RPTN level remained unchanged. Since CUMS is a model for depression and methamphetamine (METH) abuse induced psychosis recapitulates many of the psychotic symptoms of schizophrenia, the results from this study may imply that RPTN plays a potential role in emotional and cognitive processing; its decrease in serum may indicate its involvement in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. PMID:25613293

Wang, Shuai; Ren, Huixun; Xu, Jie; Yu, Yanjun; Han, Shuiping; Qiao, Hui; Cheng, Shaoli; Xu, Chang; An, Shucheng; Ju, Bomiao; Yu, Chengyuan; Wang, Chanyuan; Wang, Tao; Yang, Zhenjun; Taylor, Ethan Will; Zhao, Lijun

2015-01-01

252

Introduction to Measurement (advanced high school/intro college level)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

30-page illustrated guide to fundamentals of measurement. This is intended to be a clear, comprehensive overview of effective measurement technique. Intended for advanced high school or introductory college level students. Includes worked examples and problems.

Bohacek, Peter

253

Holism and High Level Wellness in the Treatment of Alcoholism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses how a holistic and wellness philosophy is a viable alternative in the treatment of alcoholism. Describes five major dimensions of high-level wellness: nutritional awareness, physical fitness, stress management, environmental sensitivity, and self-responsibility. (RC)

Bartha, Robert; Davis, Tom

1982-01-01

254

Acute necrosis of the intestinal mucosa with high serum levels of diamine oxidase  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary A patient with acute necrosis of the intestinal mucosa and high serum diamine oxidase activity is described. The 71-year-old woman, with a history of hypertension and cardiovascular and peripheral arteriosclerotic disease, presented with acute epigastric pain, vomiting, and a deteriorating hemodynamic condition. Serum level of the intestinal enzyme diamine oxidase (DAO) obtained on admission, approximately 24 hr after the

Gustavo Bounous; Vincent Echavé; Suzanne J. Vobecky; Henri Navert; Armin Wollin

1984-01-01

255

SNAP II Index: An Alternative to the COMFORT Scale in Assessing the Level of Sedation in Mechanically Ventilated Pediatric Patients.  

PubMed

Sedation monitoring is essential in pediatric patients on ventilatory support to achieve comfort and safety. The COMFORT scale was designed and validated to assess the level of sedation in intubated pediatric patients. However, it remains unreliable in pharmacologically paralyzed patients. The SNAP II index is calculated using an algorithm that incorporates high-frequency (80-420 Hz) electroencephalogram (EEG) components, known to be useful in discriminating between awake and unconscious states, unlike other measurements that only include low-frequency EEG segments such as the bispectral index score. Previous studies suggested that the SNAP II index is a reliable and sensitive indicator of the level of consciousness in adult patients. Despite its potential, no data are currently available in the pediatric critically ill population on ventilatory support. This is the first pilot study assessing the potential application of the SNAP II index in critically ill pediatric patients by comparing it to the commonly used COMFORT scale. PMID:23753227

Nievas, I Federico Fernandez; Spentzas, Thomas; Bogue, Clifford W

2013-02-01

256

The relationship between plasma D-dimer levels and outcome of Chinese acute ischemic stroke patients in different stroke subtypes.  

PubMed

High-level plasma D-dimer suggests hypercoagulable states. There is a lack of correlation study of plasma D-dimer level and prognosis according to the Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST) classification. The goal of this study is to explore the relationship between the plasma D-dimer level and the outcome of acute ischemic stroke patients among different stroke subtypes. We conducted a study of acute ischemic stroke patients admitted to the Department of Neurology in Second Hospital of Lanzhou University within 7 days of symptom onset. They were divided into different groups based on their subtypes according to TOAST criteria. In all the patients the plasma D-dimer levels were detected within 24 h of admission. Clinical neurological assessments were performed in line with National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) once daily on the day of admission and on the 14th day. The outcome was evaluated by neurological improvement rate. Comparisons were made among the different subtypes based on the level of plasma D-dimer and the outcome. A total of 300 patients with acute ischemic stroke were included, 40 with cardioembolism; 47 with large-artery atherosclerosis; 143 with small-artery occlusion, 5 with other etiology stroke; and 65 with undetermined etiology stroke. The level of plasma D-dimer was negatively related to the outcome (r = -0.41; P = 0.013). Patients with cardioembolism had the highest level of plasma D-dimer and they suffered the most serious neurological deficit and the worst outcome among the five subtypes, the difference was statistically significant (F = 5.34; P = 0.012); while the lacunar stroke patients had the best outcome with the lowest level of D-dimer. High-level plasma D-dimer of acute period strongly indicates an unfavorable clinical outcome. PMID:24201836

Yuan, Wei; Shi, Zheng-Hong

2014-04-01

257

Serum and Vitreous Levels of Visfatin in Patients with Diabetic Retinopathy  

PubMed Central

Background Angiogenesis plays an important role in the mechanism of diabetic retinopathy (DR). Visfatin, a recently identified adipokine, is thought to possess an angiogenic effect. The aim of our study was to investigate serum and vitreous levels of visfatin in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) and non-PDR (NPDR). Material/Methods A total of 280 diabetic patients (124 without DR, 56 with NPDR, and 100 with PDR) and 78 control subjects were enrolled in this study. Serum and vitreous levels of visfatin were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results Serum and vitreous visfatin levels in PDR patients were significantly elevated compared with those in the other 3 groups. NPDR patients showed elevated vitreous visfatin levels compared with patients without DR. However, no significant differences in serum visfatin levels were found between NPDR patients and patients without DR. In addition, control subjects had significantly lower levels of serum and vitreous visfatin compared with diabetic patients without DR, NPDR patients, and PDR patients. Conclusions Serum and vitreous visfatin levels are associated with the presence and severity of DR. PMID:25524991

Wang, Yongqiang; Yuan, Ye; Jiang, Hua

2014-01-01

258

High Epitope Expression Levels Increase Competition between T Cells  

E-print Network

High Epitope Expression Levels Increase Competition between T Cells Almut Scherer, Marcel Salathe epitope ligand. We have developed an individual- based computer simulation model to study T cell competition. Our model shows that the expression level of foreign epitopes per APC determines whether T cell

Bonhoeffer, Sebastian

259

MUTATION-BASED VALIDATION OF HIGH-LEVEL MICROPROCESSOR IMPLEMENTATIONS  

E-print Network

MUTATION-BASED VALIDATION OF HIGH-LEVEL MICROPROCESSOR IMPLEMENTATIONS Jorge Campos and Hussain Al-level microprocessor implementation by generating a test sequence for a collection of ab- stract design error models of microprocessors, engineers are forced to validate a larger design space in a shorter time frame. This task becomes

Al-Asaad, Hussain

260

EMPLOYABILITY AND HIGH-LEVEL SKILLS EQUIPPING STUDENTS FOR SUCCESS  

E-print Network

in an increasingly competitive world. This strategy focuses on the soft and hard skills required by a successfulEMPLOYABILITY AND HIGH-LEVEL SKILLS EQUIPPING STUDENTS FOR SUCCESS Swansea University Singleton The importance of higher-level skills to the knowledge-based economy 08 Aerospace engineering 10 Skills

Martin, Ralph R.

261

Incidence of Increased Androgen Levels in Patients Suffering from Acne  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hyperandrogenemia in women is often associated with sterility [1]. More than 50% of women attending infertility clinics have either elevated serum testosterone or dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) levels. These androgens can be aromatized in fat tissue, particularly of the feminine type (i.e. fat distribution around the thigh and the hip). This results in constantly increased estrogen (particularly estrone) levels which feedback

Ch. Henze; B. Hinney; W. Wuttke

1998-01-01

262

High-Level Waste System Process Interface Description  

SciTech Connect

The High-Level Waste System is a set of six different processes interconnected by pipelines. These processes function as one large treatment plant that receives, stores, and treats high-level wastes from various generators at SRS and converts them into forms suitable for final disposal. The three major forms are borosilicate glass, which will be eventually disposed of in a Federal Repository, Saltstone to be buried on site, and treated water effluent that is released to the environment.

d'Entremont, P.D.

1999-01-14

263

Studies of ATM for ATLAS high-level triggers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents some of the conclusions of our studies on asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) and fast Ethernet in the ATLAS level-2 trigger pilot project. We describe the general concept and principles of our data-collection and event-building scheme that could be transposed to various experiments in high-energy and nuclear physics. To validate the approach in view of ATLAS high-level triggers,

J. Bystricky; D. Calvet; M. Huet; P. Le Du; I. Mandjavidze

2001-01-01

264

Dynamic Communicating Automata and Branching High-Level MSCs  

E-print Network

Communicating Automata · Branching High-Level MSCs ... x := new(s,x) x ? comx ! req(y) #12;Outline · Dynamic Communicating Automata · Branching High-Level MSCs ... x y x y req(y) x y com com x := new(s,x) x ? comx ! req com x := new(s,x) x ? comx ! req(y) implementable? #12;Outline · Dynamic Communicating Automata

Bollig, Benedikt

265

THE ENHANCEMENT OF LOW-LEVEL CLASSIFICATIONS IN SEQUENTIAL SYNTACTIC HIGH-LEVEL CLASSIFIERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper surveys a new research field of object behavior classification using sequential syntactic pattern recognition, which recognizes high-level object behaviors while in paral- lel recovering from low-level object recognition classification errors. A new approach of syntactical object behavior clas- sification with a robust implementation is introduced. It is an innovative approach that requires no training, only a pri- ori

Deborah E. Goshorn

266

Embedding High-Level Information into Low Level Vision: Efficient Object Search in Clutter  

E-print Network

Embedding High-Level Information into Low Level Vision: Efficient Object Search in Clutter Ching L for objects of interest in cluttered environments is crucial for robots performing tasks in a multitude descriptors of Bo et al. [2], over two large datasets of objects in clutter collected using an RGB

Aloimonos, Yiannis

267

Frequency of High-Risk Patients Not Receiving High-Potency Statin (from a Large Managed Care Database).  

PubMed

We examined trends in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) goal attainment in high-risk patients and use of high-potency statins (HPS) in a large, managed-care database from 2004 to 2012. The 2013 American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology prevention guidelines recommend that subjects with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) should be prescribed HPS therapy, irrespective of LDL-C levels. Previous guidelines recommend an LDL-C target <70 mg/dl. Patients diagnosed with ASCVD based on International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes with ?1 LDL-C test from January 2004 to December 2012 were identified in the Optum Insight database. Patients were identified as treated if they received lipid-lowering therapy (LLT) within 90 days of the LDL-C measurement and untreated if they did not receive LLT treatment. LLT treated patients were stratified into HPS users or non-HPS LLT users. There were 45,101 eligible patients in 2004 and 40,846 in 2012. The proportion of high-risk patients who were treated with LLT increased from 61.4% (2004) to 70.5% (2008) then remained relatively constant until 2012 (67.9%). Mean LDL-C values in treated patients decreased from 103.7 ± 32.1 (2004) to 90.8 ± 31.4 mg/dl (2012). The proportion of patients treated with HPS increased from 13% in 2004 to 26% in 2012. Although the proportion of treated high-risk patients who achieve LDL-C <70 mg/dl levels has increased sharply from 2004, approximately 3 of 4 patients still did not meet this target. Only 1/4 of ASCVD patients are on HPS. In conclusion, our findings highlight the need for renewed efforts to support guideline-based LDL-C treatment for high-risk patients. PMID:25432414

Rodriguez, Fatima; Olufade, Temitope; Heithoff, Kim; Friedman, Howard S; Navaratnam, Prakash; Foody, JoAnne M

2015-01-15

268

Association between Serum Malondialdehyde Levels and Mortality in Patients with Severe Brain Trauma Injury.  

PubMed

Abstract There is a hyperoxidative state in patients with trauma brain injury (TBI). Malondialdehyde (MDA) is an end-product formed during oxidative stress, concretely lipid peroxidation. In small studies (highest sample size 50 patients), higher levels of MDA have been found in nonsurviving than surviving patients with TBI. An association between serum MDA levels and mortality in patients with TBI, however, has not been reported. Thus, the objective of this prospective, observational, multicenter study, performed in six Spanish intensive care units, was to determine whether MDA serum levels are associated with early mortality in a large series of patients with severe TBI. Serum MDA levels were measured in 100 patients with severe TBI on day 1 and in 75 healthy controls. The end-point of the study was 30-day mortality. We found higher serum MDA levels in patients with severe TBI than in healthy controls (p<0.001). Nonsurviving patients with TBI (n=27) showed higher serum MDA levels (p<0.001) than survivors (n=73). Logistic regression analysis showed that serum MDA levels were associated with 30-day mortality (odds ratio [OR]=4.662; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.466-14.824; p=0.01), controlling for Glasgow Coma Score, age, and computed tomography findings. Survival analysis showed that patients with serum MDA levels higher than 1.96?nmol/mL presented increased 30-day mortality than patients with lower levels (hazard ratio=3.5; 95% CI=1.43-8.47; p<0.001). Thus, the most relevant new finding of our study, the largest to date on serum MDA levels in patients with severe TBI, was an association between serum MDA levels and early mortality. PMID:25054973

Lorente, Leonardo; Martín, María M; Abreu-González, Pedro; Ramos, Luis; Argueso, Mónica; Cáceres, Juan J; Solé-Violán, Jordi; Lorenzo, José M; Molina, Ismael; Jiménez, Alejandro

2014-10-29

269

Vitamin D levels and patient outcome in chronic kidney disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to cardiovascular disease and early mortality in patients on hemodialysis; however, it is not known if the same association exists at earlier stages of chronic kidney disease. To determine this we enrolled 168 consecutive new referrals to a chronic kidney disease clinic over a 2 year period and followed them for up to 6

Pietro Ravani; Fabio Malberti; Giovanni Tripepi; Paola Pecchini; Sebastiano Cutrupi; Patrizia Pizzini; Francesca Mallamaci; Carmine Zoccali

2009-01-01

270

Increased serum HMGB1 levels in patients with Henoch-Schönlein purpura.  

PubMed

High-mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) has been implicated as a pro-inflammatory cytokine in the pathogenesis of various inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. However, information about HMGB1 in Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is still unclear. Herein, we investigated the role of HMGB1 in patients with HSP and the pro-inflammatory effects of HMGB1 on human dermal microvascular endothelial cell line (HMEC-1). Serum HMGB1 levels in patients with HSP together with patients with allergic vasculitis (AV) and urticarial vasculitis (UV) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). HMEC-1 cells were treated with HMGB1 at concentrations ranging from 4 ng/ml to 100 ng/ml. Serum HMGB1 levels were significantly increased in patients with HSP, AV and UV, when compared with those in control group. Moreover, abundant cytoplasmic expression of HMGB1 was observed in endothelial cells in lesional skin of HSP patients. Using membrane cytokine antibody array, we indicate that HMGB1 markedly induced TNF-? and IL-6 release in cultured supernatant. Furthermore, by real-time quantitative PCR and ELISA, the effects of HMGB1 on these cytokines production in HMEC-1 cells were established. Finally, Western blot data revealed that HMGB1 can induce phosphorylation of inhibitor of ?B-? (I?B?) and the nuclear translocation of nuclear factor-?B (NF-?B) p65 in HMEC-1 cells. In conclusion, this study provides first observations on the association of HMGB1 with HSP. We suggest that HMGB1 may be an important mediator of endothelial inflammation through the induction of TNF-? and IL-6 production and may play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of HSP. PMID:24758390

Chen, Tao; Guo, Zai-Pei; Wang, Wen-Ju; Qin, Sha; Cao, Na; Li, Meng-Meng

2014-06-01

271

High-Level Synthesis of Software Function Calls  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This letter presents a novel framework in high-level synthesis where hardware modules synthesized from functions in a given ANSI-C program can call the other software functions in the program. This enables high-level synthesis from C programs that contains calls to hard-to-synthesize functions, such as dynamic memory management, I/O request, or very large and complex functions. A single-thread implementation scheme is shown, whose correctness has been verified through register transfer level simulation.

Nishimura, Masanari; Ishiura, Nagisa; Ishimori, Yoshiyuki; Kanbara, Hiroyuki; Tomiyama, Hiroyuki

272

High-Temperature Superconducting Level Meter for Liquid Argon Detectors  

E-print Network

Capacitive devices are customarily used as probes to measure the level of noble liquids in detectors operated for neutrino studies and dark matter searches. In this work we describe the use of a high-temperature superconducting material as an alternative to control the level of a cryogenic noble liquid. Lab measurements indicate that the superconductor shows a linear behaviour, a high degree of stability and offers a very accurate determination of the liquid volume. This device is therefore a competitive instrument and shows several advantages over conventional level meters.

Bueno, A; Navarro, J L; Navas, S; Ruiz, A G

2008-01-01

273

Correlation between D-dimer levels and coronary artery reperfusion in acute myocardial infarction patients after thrombolytic treatment.  

PubMed

The correlation between plasma D-dimer level and reperfusion has not been clarified yet in thrombolytic therapy applied for acute myocardial infarction patients. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is a relationship between reperfusion and fibrinolytic activity in acute myocardial infarction patients treated with thrombolytic therapy. Fibrinolytic activity was reflected by plasma D-dimer levels. During the study period, 186 patients were initially analyzed. But 18 of these patients were excluded from the study because they were not suitable for study criteria. Blood was collected from 168 acute myocardial infarction patients within first 6 h. Intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (100 mg) or streptokinase (1,500,000 U) was applied to patients. Mean age of the patients was 58 (28-86) years and majority was men (86%). The number of anterior, inferior, and lateral myocardial infarction patients were 76 (45.2%), 85 (50.6%), and seven (4.2%), respectively. The mean time from symptom onset to thrombolytic application was 134 (95-212) min. Reperfusion occurred in 115 (68.5%) patients. D-dimer levels were markedly high after thrombolytic therapy versus before (155 mg/dl, 362 mg/dl, P<0.005). We compared the D-dimer values before and after thrombolytic therapy between reperfused group and the nonreperfused group (189-409 mg/l in reperfused group, P=0.086; 82-258 mg/l in the nonreperfused group, P=0.173). In conclusion, in this study, D-dimer levels were elevated markedly in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction after thrombolytic therapy, but no significant difference was seen in D-dimer levels between the reperfused and nonreperfused groups. PMID:23917585

Cakar, Mehmet A; Gunduz, Huseyin; Varim, Ceyhun; Ozdemir, Fatma; Vatan, Mehmet B; Akdemir, Ramazan

2013-09-01

274

Intact parathyroid hormone levels are associated with increased carotid intima media thickness in HIV infected patients.  

PubMed

Aim. Preliminary evidence suggests that intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) and bone mineral abnormalities may contribute to the development of vascular disease and are associated with reduced survival in the general population. Whether iPTH is associated with subclinical atherosclerosis in HIV-infected individuals has not been elucidated. Methods. Cross-sectional study of 470 consecutive HIV-infected patients in whom we measured carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT), and collected demographical, clinical and laboratory data. High-cIMT was defined as a mean IMT above the 75th percentile for the study cohort. Parametric, non-parametric tests and logistic regression analyses were used to compare patients' characteristics between low- and high-cIMT and to test the association between high-cIMT and log-transformed iPTH. Results. Of the 470 patients, 130 had high-cIMT. High-cIMT subjects were older and more likely to be male and have a history of cardiovascular disease. Glucose, lipid and iPTH levels were lower among low-cIMT subjects (p < 0.05). Unadjusted and multivariable adjusted analyses demonstrated an independent association between high-cIMT and iPTH (fully adjusted OR: 1.74; 95%CI: 1.08-2.79; p = 0.021). Bootstrap and sensitivity analyses confirmed these findings. Conclusions. Elevated iPTH was associated with subclinical atherosclerosis in HIV-infected subjects. Of note this association was statistically significant even for iPTH values within the range of normality. The existence of a causal relationship between iPTH and atherosclerosis needs to be fully explored in future investigations. PMID:25463096

Bellasi, Antonio; Raggi, Paolo; Rossi, Rosario; Rochira, Vincenzo; Stentarelli, Chiara; Zona, Stefano; Lattanzi, Antonella; Carli, Federica; Mussini, Cristina; Guaraldi, Giovanni

2014-12-01

275

Comparison of vancomycin and teicoplanin trough serum levels in patients with infected orthopedic devices: new data for old therapies.  

PubMed

We compared retrospectively vancomycin and teicoplanin trough serum levels after loading doses and, subsequently, after high daily doses, in 52 patients (26 in each group) who had developed infections after implantation of an orthopedic device. The target trough serum level was > 25 mg/l. Trough levels were significantly higher at 2 days (±1) and 5 days (±1) in patients who received teicoplanin compared with patients who received a continuous perfusion of vancomycin (26.1 vs. 16 mg/l at day 2 ± 1, P = 0.01; 27.8 vs. 19.9 mg/l at day 5 ± 1, P = 0.01). One of the 26 patients taking vancomycin reached the target trough serum level by day 2 (±1), whereas 10 of the 26 patients taking teicoplanin reached the target by that time (P = 0.002). At day 5 (±1), 6/26 patients taking vancomycin reached the target, versus 13/26 patients taking teicoplanin (P = 0.04). However, physicians should remain cautious when administering teicoplanin empirically because of the higher MIC?? values observed for coagulase-negative staphylococci compared with vancomycin. PMID:21053041

Lemaire, Xavier; Loiez, Caroline; Valette, Michel; Migaud, Henri; Dubreuil, Luc; Yazdanpanah, Yazdan; Senneville, Eric

2011-06-01

276

Water borne transport of high level nuclear waste in very deep borehole disposal of high level nuclear waste  

E-print Network

The purpose of this report is to examine the feasibility of the very deep borehole experiment and to determine if it is a reasonable method of storing high level nuclear waste for an extended period of time. The objective ...

Cabeche, Dion Tunick

2011-01-01

277

An overview of very high level software design methods  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Very High Level design methods emphasize automatic transfer of requirements to formal design specifications, and/or may concentrate on automatic transformation of formal design specifications that include some semantic information of the system into machine executable form. Very high level design methods range from general domain independent methods to approaches implementable for specific applications or domains. Applying AI techniques, abstract programming methods, domain heuristics, software engineering tools, library-based programming and other methods different approaches for higher level software design are being developed. Though one finds that a given approach does not always fall exactly in any specific class, this paper provides a classification for very high level design methods including examples for each class. These methods are analyzed and compared based on their basic approaches, strengths and feasibility for future expansion toward automatic development of software systems.

Asdjodi, Maryam; Hooper, James W.

1988-01-01

278

Predictive value of serum interleukin-8 levels in ovarian cancer patients treated with paclitaxel-containing regimens.  

PubMed

Previous findings showed that paclitaxel induces interleukin-8 (IL-8) transcription and secretion in ovarian cancer cells in vitro. We hypothesized that paclitaxel treatment, which is a standard care for ovarian cancer patients, may increase the secretion of IL-8, resulting in the elevated serum IL-8 levels. In this study, we investigated the relationship between paclitaxel exposure and IL-8 levels of an ovarian and a breast carcinoma cell line in vitro and serums of patients with ovarian carcinoma. Both MDAH 2774 ovarian and MCF-7 breast carcinoma cell lines were sensitive to paclitaxel-mediated cytotoxicity. However, supernatant levels of IL-8 assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay before and after treatment with different concentrations of paclitaxel were significantly lower in MCF-7 than in MDAH 2774. Serum IL-8 levels were measured in serum samples from patients with ovarian carcinoma before and after paclitaxel-containing treatment regimens. Forty-eight patients were included in the study. The basal level of IL-8 after paclitaxel-containing treatment was found to be significantly higher in the serums of patients who had high tumor burden than in patients who had optimal debulking surgery and low tumor burden. These data strongly suggest that IL-8 may be an important predictive marker for tumor volume as well as sensitivity to paclitaxel. PMID:15823106

Uslu, R; Sanli, U A; Dikmen, Y; Karabulut, B; Ozsaran, A; Sezgin, C; Muezzinoglu, G G; Omay, S B; Goker, E

2005-01-01

279

Coulomb drag in high Landau levels I. V. Gornyi,1,  

E-print Network

Coulomb drag in high Landau levels I. V. Gornyi,1, * A. D. Mirlin,1,2, and F. von Oppen3,4 1 December 2004) Recent experiments on Coulomb drag in the quantum Hall regime have yielded a number of surprises. The most striking observations are that the Coulomb drag can become negative in high Landau

von Oppen, Felix

280

PICQUERY: A High Level Query Language for Pictorial Database Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

A reasonably comprehensive set of data accessing and manipulation operations that should be supported by a generalized pictorial database management system (PDBMS) is proposed. A corresponding high-level query language, PICQUERY, is presented and illustrated through examples. PICQUERY has been designed with a flavor similar to QBE as the highly nonprocedural and conservational language for the pictorial database management system PICDMS.

Thomas Joseph; Alfonso F. Cardenas

1988-01-01

281

A Testing Instrument for High School Arabic, Level III.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Arabic language examination was designed for Jewish immigrants from Syria wishing to satisfy New York State language requirements for high school graduation by indicating their proficiency in Arabic. The test is essentially a translation of a state test of Hebrew, and is intended to test Arabic at the third-year high school level. The…

Wolowelsky, Joel B.

282

Protein levels for Chios lambs given high concentrate diets  

E-print Network

Protein levels for Chios lambs given high concentrate diets M. HADJIPANAYIOTOU Agricultural and the digestibility of the diets. Male lambs grew faster, consumed more feed and utilized feed more efficiently than female lambs. The final weight and weight gain of male lambs on the high CP diet were higher than those

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

283

Low Initial Vitamin B12 Levels in Helicobacter pylori-Positive Patients on Chronic Hemodialysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background:Helicobacter pylori has been identified as a possible cause of vitamin B12 deficiency in the general population. We assessed any potential relationship between low cyanocobalamin serum levels and Helicobacter pylori status in hemodialysis patients and subsequently correlated these results with the existence of anemia (a common complication in hemodialysis patients), and macrocytosis. Methods: In 29 chronic hemodialysis patients, active H.

H. Trimarchi; M. Forrester; J. Schropp; H. Pereyra; E. A. Freixas

2004-01-01

284

Basal Cortisol Levels and Correlates of Hypoadrenalism in Patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the frequency of occurrence of hypoadrenalism in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and document the clinical correlates of hypoadrenalism for this group of patients. Subjects and Methods: A descriptive study was carried out on 66 hospitalized HIV patients in a semi-urban setting of South Africa. Hypoadrenalism was diagnosed based on a basal cortisol level of

Chukwuma O. Ekpebegh; Anthonia O. Ogbera; Benjamin Longo-Mbenza; Ernesto Blanco-Blanco; Ajani Awotedu; Patrick Oluboyo

2011-01-01

285

The effects of high presentation levels on consonant feature transmission  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effect of high speech presentation levels on consonant recognition and feature transmission was assessed in eight participants with normal hearing. Consonant recognition in noise (0 dB signal-to-noise ratio) was measured at five overall speech levels ranging from 65 to 100 dB SPL. Consistent with the work of others, overall percent correct performance decreased as the presentation level of speech increased [e.g., G. A. Studebaker, R. L. Sherbecoe, D. M. McDaniel, and C. A. Gwaltney, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 105(4), 2431-2444 (1999)]. Confusion matrices were analyzed in terms of relative percent information transmitted at each speech presentation level, as a function of feature. Six feature sets (voicing, place, nasality, duration, frication, and sonorance) were analyzed. Results showed the feature duration (long consonant duration fricatives) to be most affected by increases in level, while the voicing feature was relatively unaffected by increases in level. In addition, alveolar consonants were substantially affected by level, while palatal consonants were not. While the underlying mechanisms responsible for decreases in performance with level increases are unclear, an analysis of common error patterns at high levels suggests that saturation of the neural response and/or a loss of neural synchrony may play a role.

Hornsby, Benjamin W. Y.; Trine, Timothy D.; Ohde, Ralph N.

2005-09-01

286

Relationship between Aqueous Humor Protein Level and Outflow Facility in Patients with Uveitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE. To determine whether there is a relationship between the aqueous humor protein level and outflow facility in pa- tients with uveitis. METHODS. Aqueous humor protein levels were determined by laser flare photometry, and outflow facility was determined by Schiotz tonography. RESULTS. Thirty patients with uveitis and 10 control subjects were studied. Outflow facility was lower in patients with uve-

John G. Ladas; Fei Yu; Roy Loo; Janet L. Davis; Anne L. Coleman; Ralph D. Levinson; Gary N. Holland

2001-01-01

287

Validation of serum versus plasma measurements of chromogranin A levels in patients with carcinoid tumors.  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Chromogranin A (CGA) levels are used to confirm the diagnosis, and monitor the course of patients with neuroendocrine tumors. Chromogranin A levels are significantly reduced when patients are acutely treated with octreotide; however, limited data is available that correlates octreotide long-acting ...

288

LDL-apheresis in two patients with extremely elevated lipoprotein (a) levels.  

PubMed

Hyperlipidemia and elevated lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)] levels have been linked to the development and progression of premature atherosclerosis. Two male caucasian patients (36 and 42 years old) with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia and extremely elevated Lp(a) concentrations, resistant to diet regimen and lipid lowering drugs, were treated with LDL-apheresis for 55 months (liposorber system, Kaneka, Japan) and 15 months (immunoadsorption system, special Lp(a) columns, Lipopak, Pocard, Russia). Lp(a) dropped on average by 50%, total cholesterol by 27%, LDL-cholesterol by 42%, triglycerides by 43% and the fibrinogen concentration by 16%. Prior to treatment, both patients had suffered three myocardial infarctions. Four and six coronary angiographies with two and four percutaneous transluminal angioplasties (PTCA) were necessary. Since the treatment with LDL-apheresis neither myocardial infarctions nor cardiac complaints have been observed, and both patients have reported better performance. Available data suggest that LDL-apheresis may be effective in the treatment of patients with extremely high Lp(a) concentration. PMID:8567105

Bambauer, R; Schiel, R; Keller, H E; Latza, R

1995-05-01

289

Decreased serum level of soluble-leptin-receptor in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus  

PubMed Central

Background There is some evidence suggesting that leptin and its negative regulator, soluble-leptinreceptor (SLR) may be able to influence inflammatory and autoimmune processes. Methods In this study, several variables including socio-demographics, health-related habits, depression score, serum molecules and blood parameters besides the SLR level were evaluated in patients with SLE (SLE-patients) and healthy controls. Results The patients had significantly lower SLR level and higher depression score than the controls and both of these variables have a significant association with the occurrence of disease in logistic regression model. Moreover, the results of Pearson correlation analysis showed that patients’ SLR level was negatively correlated with their weights and BDI scores. Conclusion For the first time, this study indicated a lower level of SLR in SLE-patients and suggested that lower concentrations of SLR in these patients may be implicated in the pathogenesis of SLE. PMID:23115723

Bagheri, K; Ebadi, P; Naeimi, S

2012-01-01

290

Levels of soluble Fas/APO-1 in patients with Behçet's disease.  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study was to quantify soluble Fas/APO-1 (sFas/APO-1) protein in the serum of patients with Behcet's disease (BD) in active and inactive stages, compared with patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Soluble Fas/APO-1 was quantified using a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Increased serum sFas/APO-1 levels were observed in active BD, compared with inactive BD, RA patients and SLE patients. Increased serum sFas/APO-1 levels were correlated with the presence of neurologic manifestations or pulmonary involvement in active BD. In conclusion, increased levels of sFas/APO-1 occurred frequently and exclusively in active BD patients. Preliminary evidence suggested that elevated levels of sFas/APO-1 are associated with the clinical stage and clinical manifestations in BD. PMID:9836498

Hamzaoui, K; Hamzaoui, A; Zakraoui, L; Chabbou, A

1998-01-01

291

Evaluation of carnitine levels according to the peritoneal equilibration test in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis.  

PubMed

The evidence of carnitine abnormal metabolism in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) is unclear, and previous studies have reported conflicting results. The total (TC), free (FC), and acylated (AC) carnitines were estimated in blood and dialysate, as well as the AC/FC ratio, in 29 patients on CAPD, grouped into high (H-Abs) and low (L-Abs) absorbers, according to the results of the peritoneal equilibration test (fast PE-test). Our data demonstrated that patients with higher peritoneal transport rates, which was the H-Abs group, males and females, showed a better carnitine metabolic status compared to the L-Abs group. Although the H-Abs group lost significantly more free carnitine than the L-Abs group, the AC/FC ratio of the H-Abs group remained within normal range. All the patients in our study showed abnormally high triglyceride (TRG) levels and an abnormally high total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio. In particular, the patients in the L-Abs group showed significantly higher TRG levels and total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratios than the H-Abs group. Those patients who have been on CAPD for more than 2 years showed significantly abnormally higher AC/FC ratios than those with shorter periods on CAPD treatment. In patients with AC/FC ratio greater than 0.4, the supplementation of L-carnitine may have a beneficial effect on their carnitine and lipid metabolism. PMID:8399636

Chatzidimitriou, C; Pliakogiannis, T; Evangeliou, A; Tsalkidou, T; Böhles, H J; Kalaitzidis, K

1993-01-01

292

Relationship between hepatitis B virus DNA levels and liver histology in patients with chronic hepatitis B  

PubMed Central

AIM: To study the relationship between hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA levels and liver histology in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and to determine the prevalence and characteristics of hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) negative patients. METHODS: A total of 213 patients with CHB were studied, and serum HBV DNA levels were measured by the COBAS Amplicor HBV Monitor test. All patients were divided into two groups according to the HBeAg status. The correlation between serum HBV DNA levels and liver damage (liver histology and biochemistry) was explored. RESULTS: Of the 213 patients with serum HBV DNA levels higher than 105 copies/mL, 178 (83.6%) were HBeAg positive, 35 (16.4%) were HBeAg negative. The serum HBV DNA levels were not correlated to the age, history of CHB, histological grade and stage of liver disease in either HBeAg negative or HBeAg positive patients. There was no correlation between serum levels of HBV DNA and alanine aminotransferanse (ALT), aspartate aminotrans-ferase (AST) in HBeAg positive patients. In HBeAg negative patients, there was no correlation between serum levels of HBV DNA and AST, while serum DNA levels correlated with ALT (r = 0.351, P = 0.042). The grade (G) of liver disease correlated with ALT and AST (P < 0.05, r = 0.205, 0.327 respectively) in HBeAg positive patients. In HBeAg negative patients, correlations were shown between ALT, AST and the G (P < 0.01, and r = 0.862, 0.802 respectively). HBeAg negative patients were older (35 ± 9 years vs 30 ± 9 years, P < 0.05 ) and had a longer history of HBV infection (8 ± 4 years vs 6 ± 4 years, P < 0.05) and a lower HBV DNA level than HBeAg positive patients (8.4± 1.7 Log HBV DNA vs 9.8 ± 1.3 Log HBV DNA, P < 0.001). There were no significant differences in sex ratio, ALT and AST levels and liver histology between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Serum HBV DNA level is not correlated to histological grade or stage of liver disease in CHB patients with HBV DNA more than 105 copies/mL. Compared to HBeAg positive patients, HBeAg negative patients are older and have a lower HBV DNA level and a longer HBV infection history. There is no significant difference in sex ratio, ALT and AST levels and liver histology between the two groups. PMID:17465456

Shao, Jie; Wei, Lai; Wang, Hao; Sun, Yan; Zhang, Lan-Fang; Li, Jing; Dong, Jian-Qiang

2007-01-01

293

Increased IgE serum levels are unrelated to allergic and parasitic diseases in patients with juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the IgE serum levels in juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus patients and to evaluate possible associations with clinical and laboratory features, disease activity and tissue damage. METHODS: The IgE serum concentrations in 69 consecutive juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus patients were determined by nephelometry. IgG, IgM and IgA concentrations were measured by immunoturbidimetry. All patients were negative for intestinal parasites. Statistical analysis methods included the Mann-Whitney, chi-square and Fisher's exact tests, as well as the Spearman rank correlation coefficient. RESULTS: Increased IgE concentrations above 100 IU/mL were observed in 31/69 (45%) juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus patients. The mean IgE concentration was 442.0±163.4 IU/ml (range 3.5-9936.0 IU/ml). Fifteen of the 69 patients had atopic disease, nine patients had severe sepsis and 56 patients presented with nephritis. The mean IgE level in 54 juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus patients without atopic manifestations was 271.6±699.5 IU/ml, and only nine of the 31 (29%) patients with high IgE levels had atopic disease. The IgE levels did not statistically differ with respect to the presence of atopic disease, severe sepsis, nephritis, disease activity, or tissue damage. Interestingly, IgE concentrations were inversely correlated with C4 levels (r?=?-0.25, p?=?0.03) and with the SLICC/ACR-DI score (r?=?-0.34, p?=?0.005). The IgE concentration was also found to be directly correlated with IgA levels (r?=?0.52, p?=?0.03). CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrated for the first time that juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus patients have increased IgE serum levels. This increase in IgE levels was not related to allergic or parasitic diseases. Our results are in line with the hypothesis that high IgE levels can be considered a marker of immune dysregulation. PMID:23184203

Liphaus, Bernadete L.; Jesus, Adriana A.; Silva, Clovis A.; Coutinho, Antonio; Carneiro-Sampaio, Magda

2012-01-01

294

Plasma levels of HDL and carotenoids are lower in dementia patients with vascular comorbidities  

PubMed Central

Elevated serum cholesterol concentrations in mid-life increase risk for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) in later life. However, lower concentrations of cholesterol-carrying high density lipoprotein (HDL) and its principal apolipoprotein A1 (ApoA1) correlate with increased risk for AD. As HDL transports oxocarotenoids, which are scavengers of peroxynitrite, we have investigated the hypothesis that lower HDL and oxocarotenoid concentrations during AD may render HDL susceptible to nitration and oxidation and in turn reduce the efficiency of reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) from lipid-laden cells. Fasting blood samples were obtained from subjects with (1) AD without cardiovascular comorbidities and risk factors (AD); (2) AD with cardiovascular comorbidities and risk factors (AD Plus); (3) normal cognitive function; for carotenoid determination by HPLC, analysis of HDL nitration and oxidation by ELISA and 3H-cholesterol export to isolated HDL. HDL concentration in the plasma from AD Plus patients was significantly lower compared to AD or control subject HDL levels. Similarly, lutein, lycopene and zeaxanthin concentrations were significantly lower in AD Plus patients compared to those in control subjects or AD patients and oxocarotenoid concentrations correlated with MMSE. At equivalent concentrations of ApoA1, HDL isolated from all subjects irrespective of diagnosis was equally effective at mediating RCT. HDL concentration is lower in AD Plus patients’ plasma and thus capacity for RCT is compromised. In contrast, HDL from patients with AD-only was not different in concentration, modifications or function from HDL of healthy age-matched donors. The relative importance of elevating HDL alone compared with elevating carotenoids alone or elevating both to reduce risk for dementia should be investigated in patients with early signs of dementia. PMID:24448787

Dias, Irundika HK; Polidori, Maria Cristina; Li, Li; Weber, Daniela; Stahl, Wilhelm; Nelles, Gereon; Grune, Tilman; Griffiths, Helen R

2014-01-01

295

Plasma catecholamine levels before and after paroxetine treatment in patients with panic disorder.  

PubMed

Catecholamines such as norepinephrine, epinephrine, and dopamine are closely related to the autonomic nervous system, suggesting that panic disorder may involve elevated catecholamine levels. This study investigated basal and posttreatment catecholamine levels in patients with panic disorder. A total of 29 patients with panic disorder and 23 healthy controls participated in the study. Panic disorder patients received paroxetine treatment for 12 weeks after clinical tests and examination had been conducted. We investigated the difference in basal levels of catecholamine and measured the changes in catecholamine levels before and after drug treatment in panic disorder patients. The basal plasma epinephrine (48.87±6.18pg/ml) and dopamine (34.87±3.57pg/ml) levels of panic disorder patients were significantly higher than those (34.79±4.72pg/ml and 20.40±3.53pg/ml) of the control group. However, basal plasma norepinephrine levels did not show statistically significant differences between patients and controls. After drug therapy, plasma catecholamine levels were nonsignificantly decreased and norepinephrine levels showed a tendency toward a decrease that did not reach significance. In conclusion, this study suggests the possibility of a baseline increase of plasma catecholamine levels and activation of sympathetic nervous systems in patients with panic disorder which may normalize after treatment with paroxetine. PMID:25529258

Oh, Jae-Young; Yu, Bum-Hee; Heo, Jung-Yoon; Yoo, Ikki; Song, Hyemin; Jeon, Hong Jin

2015-02-28

296

Serum Interleukin 17 Levels in Patients with Crohn's Disease: Real Life Data  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study was to investigate serum IL17 levels in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and to investigate the relationship between serum IL17 levels with disease activity. Methods. Fifty patients with CD and sex- and age-matched 40 healthy controls were included in the study. The serum IL17 levels, complete blood count, blood chemistry, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were measured, and Crohn's disease activity was calculated using Crohn's disease activity index (CDAI). Results. The mean serum IL17 level of CD patients did not differ from those of healthy controls (P > 0.05). There was no difference between the mean serum IL levels of active CD patients and of quiescent CD patients (P > 0.05). However, the mean IL17 level of active patients was lower than of control subjects (P = 0.02). Serum IL17 was not correlated with inflammatory markers (ESR, CRP, white blood count, platelet count, and albumin) and CDAI. Conclusions. Peripheral blood serum IL17 levels of CD patients were not higher than of healthy controls, and also, serum IL17 level was not correlated with clinical disease activity. Peripheral IL17 measurement is not a useful tool for detecting and monitoring Crohn's disease which is understood to have complex etiopathogenesis. PMID:25140070

Calhan, Turan; Cengiz, Mustafa; Kahraman, Resul; Aydin, Kubra; Ozdil, Kamil; Korachi, May; Sokmen, H. Mehmet

2014-01-01

297

Serum visfatin levels in patients with atopic dermatitis and cutaneous T-cell lymphoma.  

PubMed

Visfatin, a novel adipocytokine, is related with chronic inflammatory diseases, especially those characterized by T helper (Th)1-type immune responses. In this study, we examined serum visfatin levels in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) or cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL), both of which are Th2-dominant diseases. Serum visfatin levels in patients with AD or advanced stage CTCL were significantly elevated compared to healthy controls. In CTCL patients, serum visfatin levels significantly decreased after treatment. Serum visfatin levels correlated with eosinophil counts in AD patients, whereas they correlated with the visual analogue scale itch scores and serum C-C motif ligand (CCL) 11 and CCL26 levels in CTCL patients. Visfatin expression by adipose tissue in lesional skin of AD and advanced stage CTCL was enhanced compared to that of healthy controls. These results suggest that visfatin may also be important in the development of Th2-dominant diseases as well as in Th1-type diseases. PMID:24001451

Suga, Hiraku; Sugaya, Makoto; Miyagaki, Tomomitsu; Kawaguchi, Makiko; Morimura, Sohshi; Kai, Hiromichi; Kagami, Shinji; Ohmatsu, Hanako; Fujita, Hideki; Asano, Yoshihide; Tada, Yayoi; Kadono, Takafumi; Sato, Shinichi

2013-01-01

298

High admission levels of ?-glutamyltransferase predict poor myocardial perfusion after primary percutaneous intervention  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study aimed to investigate the relationship between admission levels of serum ?-glutamyltransferase and poor myocardial perfusion after primary percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with acute myocardial infarction. INTRODUCTION: Reperfusion injury caused by free radical release and increased oxidative stress is responsible for the pathophysiology of the no-reflow phenomenon in patients with acute myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Serum ?-glutamyltransferase is an established marker of increased oxidative stress. METHODS: The study population consisted of 80 patients (64 men and 16 women, mean age?=?67.5±6.6 years) with thrombolysis in myocardial infarction 0/1 flow pre-procedurally. The patients were divided into two groups according to thrombolysis in myocardial perfusion grades that were assessed immediately following primary percutaneous coronary intervention. The two groups (group 1 and group 2) each consisted of 40 patients with thrombolysis in myocardial perfusion grades 0-1 and thrombolysis in myocardial perfusion grades 2-3, respectively. RESULTS: Admission pain to balloon time, ?-glutamyltransferase and creatine kinase-MB isoenzyme levels of group 1 patients were significantly higher than those of group 2 patients. Pain to balloon time, ?-glutamyltransferase, peak creatine kinase-MB isoenzyme, low left ventricular ejection fraction and poor pre-procedural thrombolysis in myocardial infarction grade were significantly associated with poor myocardial perfusion by univariate analysis. However, only pain to balloon time and ?-glutamyltransferase levels showed a significant independent association with poor myocardial perfusion by backward logistic regression analysis. Adjusted odds ratios were calculated as 4.92 for pain to balloon time and 1.13 for ?-glutamyltransferase. CONCLUSION: High admission ?-glutamyltransferase levels are associated with poor myocardial perfusion in patients with acute myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention, particularly in patients with prolonged pain to balloon time. PMID:22012044

Yuksel, Uygar Cagdas; Celik, Turgay; Celik, Murat; Bugan, Baris; Iyisoy, Atila; Yaman, Halil

2011-01-01

299

ELEVATED PLASMA TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR-B1 LEVELS IN BREASTCANCER PATIENTS DECREASE AFTER SURGICAL REMOVAL OF THE TUMOR  

EPA Science Inventory

In breast cancer patients treated with high-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous bone marrow transplantation increased plasma TGFB levels are predictive for the occurrence of normal tissue complications (Anscher et al. EJM 328:1592-1598, 1993). n this investigation, we have d...

300

The estimation of metaloproteinases and their inhibitors blood levels in patients with pancreatic tumors  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of the study was to evaluate the concentration of proteolytic enzymes, MMP-2 and MMP-9, and their tissue inhibitors, TIMP-1 and TIMP-2, in the blood of patients with benign and malignant pancreatic tumors. Methods MMP-2, MMP-9, TIMP-1, and TIMP-2 were evaluated in the patients with benign and malignant pancreatic tumors before surgery and in the 30-day follow-up. The study covered 134 patients aged 54 to 76 years, who were divided into groups by TNM staging. Results Before the operation, the highest mean concentration of MMP-2 was found in patients with unresectable cancer, whereas the highest level of MMP-9 was in patients with resectable cancer. The highest level of TIMP-1 was noted in patients with inflammatory tumors. In 1 month following the operation, the highest level of MMP-2 was also in patients with unresectable cancer and the highest level of TIMP-2 in patients with inflammatory tumors. Conclusions The evaluation of the level of the studied cytokines in the pancreatic tumor patients can be diagnostically significant in the differentiation of benign and malignant changes. The changes in the levels of the studied enzymes and their inhibitors can have a prognostic value in the clinical severity of pancreatic cancer. PMID:23768069

2013-01-01

301

Effects of impaired renal function on levels and performance of D-dimer in patients with suspected pulmonary embolism.  

PubMed

Clinical probability and D-dimer measurement play an essential role in the non-invasive diagnostic strategies for pulmonary embolism (PE). PE can be ruled out without further imaging in patients with non-high clinical probability and negative D-dimer. D-dimer level is increased in patients with renal impairment. Whether its diagnostic usefulness is maintained in these patients is not well determined. We aimed to evaluate the effects of renal impairment on diagnostic performances of D-dimer in patients with suspected PE. A retrospective analysis of 1,625 patients with suspected PE included in a multicentre prospective study was performed. D-dimer levels and percentages of patients with a negative D-dimer were compared between three subgroups according to glomerular filtration rate (GFR) estimated by the MDRD formula: ?90 ml/min (normal renal function), 60-89 ml/min (mild renal impairment), 30-59 ml/min (moderate renal impairment). D-dimer levels increased and the proportion of negative D-dimer decreased significantly according to renal status: 46% negative D-dimer in patients with normal GFR, 31% in patients with mild renal impairment, 11% in those with moderate renal impairment, corresponding to number of patients needed to test to obtain one negative test of 2.2, 3.2 and 9, respectively. In conclusion, the clinical usefulness of D-dimer decreases with renal impairment. However, PE can still be ruled out by negative D-dimer in a substantial proportion of patients with non-high clinical probability, avoiding exposure to contrast media. PMID:24898973

Robert-Ebadi, H; Bertoletti, L; Combescure, C; Le Gal, G; Bounameaux, H; Righini, M

2014-09-01

302

Effect of Boswellia serrata supplementation on blood lipid, hepatic enzymes and fructosamine levels in type2 diabetic patients  

PubMed Central

Background Type 2 diabetes is an endocrine disorder that affects a large percentage of patients. High blood glucose causes fatty deposits in the liver which is likely to increase in SGOT and SGPT activities. Significant increase in SGOT/SGPT and low HDL levels is observed in patients with diabetes. Serum fructosamine concentration reflects the degree of blood glucose control in diabetic patients. This study was aimed to investigate the antidiabetic, hypolipidemic and hepatoprotective effects of supplementation of Boswellia serrata in type2 diabetic patients. Methods 60 type 2 diabetic patients from both sexes (30 males and 30 females) were dedicated to the control and intervention groups (30 subjects per group). Boswellia serrata gum resin in amount of 900 mg daily for 6 weeks were orally administered (as three 300 mg doses) in intervention group and the control group did not receive anything. Blood samples were taken at the beginning of the study and after 6 weeks. Blood levels of fructosamine, lipid profiles as well as hepatic enzyme in type 2 diabetic patients were measured. Results Treatment of diabetic patient with Boswellia serrata was caused to significant increase in blood HDL levels as well as a remarkable decrease in cholesterol, LDL, fructosamine (p?levels after 6 weeks (p?levels in intervention group, we did not detect a significant difference after 6 weeks. Conclusion This study showed that Boswellia serrata supplementation can be beneficial in controlling blood parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes. Therefore, its use can be useful in patients with medicines. PMID:24495344

2014-01-01

303

Clinical remission is associated with restoration of normal high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in children with malignancies.  

PubMed

1. Serum lipids and lipoprotein profiles were determined in children affected by different types of malignancies (leukaemias or lymphomas and solid tumours) both before any treatment and after remission of the disease following chemical or surgical therapy. 2. At the time of diagnosis, children bearing tumours showed hypertriglyceridaemia and reduced concentrations of plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, the decrease being particularly prominent in patients with haematological tumours. Children bearing solid tumours displayed an increase of total cholesterol, while those with haematological cancer showed decreased phospholipid levels; low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in neoplastic patients was not significantly different from control values. High triacylglycerol and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were also evident in cancer patients divided according to age into three groups (0-5, 6-10 and 11-15 years) when compared with age-matched control subjects. Similarly, high triacylglycerol and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were also observed in both male and female children when patients were divided according to sex and compared with corresponding controls. 3. Clinical remission after therapy was accompanied by an increase of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels compared with values observed at diagnosis. In contrast, post-treatment levels of triacylglycerol were higher than those observed before therapy. These results support the hypothesis that alterations of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels may be related, at least in part, to the rate of tumour growth, while modifications of triacylglycerol levels may be mediated by different mechanisms. PMID:8549065

Dessě, S; Batetta, B; Spano, O; Sanna, F; Tonello, M; Giacchino, M; Tessitore, L; Costelli, P; Baccino, F M; Madon, E

1995-11-01

304

Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Levels in Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke  

PubMed Central

Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) levels, cerebrovascular risk factors, and distribution of cerebral infarct areas in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Patients and Methods. Sixty patients with AIS and 44 controls who had not cerebrovascular disease were included in the study. The patients were divided into four groups according to the location of the infarct area and evaluated as for GGT levels and the presence of diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension (HT), and hyperlipidemia (HL). Results. The frequency of DM, HT, and HL and gender distributions were similar. The mean GGT levels were significantly higher in patients with AIS and those with relatively larger areas of infarction (P < 0.05). Increased mean GGT levels were found in the subgroup with hypertension, higher LDL-cholesterol, and triglyceride levels among cases with AIS (P < 0.05). Conclusion. Higher GGT levels in AIS patients reinforce the relationship of GGT with inflammation and oxidative stress. The observation of higher GGT levels in patients with relatively larger areas of infarction is indicative of a positive correlation between increases in infarct areas and elevated GGT levels. PMID:25202453

Gurbuzer, Nurbanu; Ayhan Basturk, Zeliha

2014-01-01

305

Low Serum Creatine Kinase Levels in Breast Cancer Patients: A Case-Control Study  

PubMed Central

Background Previous studies provide an ambiguous picture of creatine kinase (CK) expression and activities in malignancy. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of serum CK level in breast cancer patients. Patients and Methods 823 female patients diagnosed with breast cancer were consecutively recruited as cases, and 823 age-match patients with benign breast disease were selected as controls. Serum CK was analyzed by commercially available standardized methods. Results Serum CK level was significantly associated with breast cancer (P?=?0.005) and subtypes of breast cancer, including breast cancer with diameter>2 cm (P?=?0.031) and stage IIIbreast cancer (P?=?0.025). The mean serum CK level in patients with>2 cm tumor was significantly lower than that in?2 cm (P?=?0.0475), and the mean serum CK level of stage III breast cancer patients was significantly lower than that of stage I and II breast cancer patients (P?=?0.0246). Furthermore, a significant difference (P?=?0.004) was observed between serum CK level and ERBB2+breast cancer not other molecular subtypes. Conclusions Serum CK levels in cases was significantly lower compared with controls. Notably, our results indicated for the first time that there was a negative correlation between serum CK levels and breast cancer stage. Serum CK level, which may reflect the status of host immunity, may be an important factor in determining breast cancer development and progression. PMID:23614022

Xue, Jinqiu; Liang, Xiuqing; Cheng, Lin; Wu, Naping; Liang, Mengdi; Wu, Dan; Ling, Lijun; Ding, Qiang; Chen, Lin; Zha, Xiaoming; Liu, Xiaoan; Wang, Shui

2013-01-01

306

Relationship between pulse wave velocity and serum YKL-40 level in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis.  

PubMed

Subclinical atherosclerosis has been demonstrated in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (ERA) without any signs of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between serum YKL-40 level and arterial stiffness in patients with ERA. Forty two patients with ERA and 35 healthy controls with no history or current sign of CVD were included in the study. ERA patients with active disease, defined as DAS28 ? 3.2, and symptoms onset <12 months were recruited. Arterial stiffness was evaluated by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (CF-PWV), and the intima-media thickness carotid (IMT-C) was measured by carotid ultrasonography. Serum YKL-40 levels were measured by an enzyme-linked immunoassay method. The mean age was 43.1 ± 5.8 years in ERA patients and 41.0 ± 5.9 years in control group. The CFPWV and IMT-C of the ERA patients were determined significantly higher than the control group (P = .001, P < .001, respectively). YKL-40 levels were significantly elevated in ERA patients than controls (P = .008). The serum levels of YKL-40 in the ERA patients showed a strong correlation with CF-PWV (r = .711, P < .001) and IMT-C (r = .733, P < .001). Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that CF-PWV could be explained by serum YKL-40 levels (adjusted R˛ = .493, P < .001). We have shown that patients with ERA had increased CF-PWV and serum YKL-40 levels. In addition, there was an association between CF-PWV values and serum YKL-40 levels in patients with ERA. As a result, we believe that serum YKL-40 level and CF-PWV might reflect early atherosclerosis in patients with ERA. PMID:23797781

Turkyilmaz, Aysegul Kucukali; Devrimsel, Gul; Kirbas, Aynur; Cicek, Yuksel; Karkucak, Murat; Capkin, Erhan; Gokmen, Ferhat

2013-11-01

307

Comparative study and categorization of high-level petri nets  

Microsoft Academic Search

The graphical formalism of Petri Nets (PNs) is established on a strong mathematical foundation that can be applied in systems specification, analysis and verification. However, classical (low-level) models suÄer from the state explosion problem as resulting PNs become larger. Thus, their ability to represent and analyze realistic large scale systems is reduced. High-level PNs have been introduced in order to

Vasilis C. Gerogiannis; Achilles D Kameas; Panayiotis E. Pintelas

1998-01-01

308

High-accurate optical fiber liquid-level sensor  

Microsoft Academic Search

A highly accurate optical fiber liquid level sensor is presented. The single-chip microcomputer is used to process and control the signal. This kind of sensor is characterized by self-security and is explosion-proof, so it can be applied in any liquid level detecting areas, especially in the oil and chemical industries. The theories and experiments about how to improve the measurement

Dexing Sun; Shouliu Chen; Chao Pan; Henghuan Jin

1991-01-01

309

Solidification of Savannah River plant high level waste  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Authorization for construction of the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) is expected in FY-83. The optimum time for stage 2 authorization is about three years later. Detailed design and construction will require approximately five years for stage 1, with stage 2 construction completed about two to three years later. Production of canisters of waste glass would begin in 1988, and the existing backlog of high level waste sludge stored at SRP would be worked off by about the year 2000. Stage 2 operation could begin in 1990. The technology and engineering are ready for construction and eventual operation of the DWPF for immobilizing high level radioactive waste at Savannah River Plant (SRP). Proceeding with this project will provide the public, and the leadership of this country, with a crucial demonstration that a major quanitity of existing high level nuclear wastes can be safely and permanently immobilized.

Maher, R.; Shafranek, L. F.; Kelley, J. A.; Zeyfang, R. W.

1981-11-01

310

Unifying Low-Level and High-Level Music Similarity Measures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measuring music similarity is essential for multi- media retrieval. For music items, this task can be regarded as obtaining a suitable distance measurement between songs de- fined on a certain feature space. In this paper, we propose three of such distance measures based on the audio content: first, a low-level measure based on tempo-related description; second, a high-level semantic measure

Dmitry Bogdanov; Joan Serra; Nicolas Wack; Perfecto Herrera; Xavier Serra

2011-01-01

311

Correlation between cell free DNA levels and medical evaluation of disease progression in systemic lupus erythematosus patients.  

PubMed

High levels of cell free DNA (cfDNA) in human blood plasma have been described in patients with autoimmune diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the levels of cfDNA in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and to assess fluctuations of cfDNA concentrations compared to the course of disease progression under standard treatment. Therefore, nuclear cfDNA concentrations in plasma were measured in 59 SLE patients and 59 healthy controls. Follow-up blood plasma was collected from 27 of the 59 SLE patients. Patients were characterised by clinical parameters (antinuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-dsDNA-antibodies, C3, C4, and CRP), SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) and medical therapy. Our results showed that cfDNA concentrations were significantly higher in SLE patients compared to healthy individuals. Levels of cfDNA assessed in serial samples correlated significantly with the medical evaluation of disease activity in SLE patients. Our results could implicate cfDNA as a global marker for disease activity. PMID:25243646

Tug, Suzan; Helmig, Susanne; Menke, Julia; Zahn, Daniela; Kubiak, Thomas; Schwarting, Andreas; Simon, Perikles

2014-01-01

312

Clinical determinants of cognition levels in French cocaine addicted patients.  

PubMed

Cocaine has become a public health problem. Several studies have shown that cocaine addiction is associated with multiple cognitive damages, such as memory, inhibitory control, attention and executive functions. A French cohort of cocaine addicted patients was divided into two groups: CCU (Current cocaine users) and abstainers. Their cognitive abilities were compared to a control group and associations with clinical determinants were assessed. The CCU group and the abstainers had episodic memory, working memory and inhibitory control disabilities compared to the control group. Both the CCU and the abstainers group had the same cognitive abilities but their clinical determinants for these cognitive abilities differed. In the CCU group, exposure to cocaine seemed to have a negative impact on cognition especially inhibitory control, memory and impulsivity. In the abstainers group, craving and depression impeded cognition. PMID:24001293

Szprync, Michael; Reynaud, Michel; Bordas, Nadege; Karila, Laurent

2014-01-01

313

Radon action level for high-rise buildings.  

PubMed

Radon and its progeny are the major contributors to the natural radiation dose received by human beings. Many countries and radiological authorities have recommended radon action levels to limit the indoor radon concentrations and, hence, the annual doses to the general public. Since the sources of indoor radon and the methods for reducing its concentration are different for different types of buildings, social and economic factors have to be considered when setting the action level. But so far no action levels are specifically recommended for cities that have dwellings and offices all housed in high-rise buildings. In this study, an optimization approach was used to determine an action level for high-rise buildings based on data obtained through previous territory-wide radon surveys. A protection cost of HK$0.044 per unit fresh air change rate per unit volume and a detriment cost of HK$120,000 per person-Sv were used, which gave a minimum total cost at an action level of 200 Bq m(-3). The optimization analyses were repeated for different simulated radon distributions and living environment, which resulted in quite significantly different action levels. Finally, an action level of 200 Bq m(-3) was recommended for existing buildings and 150 Bq m(-3) for newly built buildings. PMID:10201568

Leung, J K; Tso, M Y; Ho, C W

1999-05-01

314

Is a Coded Physical Activity Diary Valid for Assessing Physical Activity Level and Energy Expenditure in Stroke Patients?  

PubMed Central

Objectives to determine the concurrent validity of a physical activity diary for measuring physical activity level and total energy expenditure in hospitalized stroke patients. Method Sixteen stroke patients kept coded activity diaries and wore SenseWear Pro2 multi-sensor activity monitors during daytime hours for one day. A researcher observed the patients and completed a diary. Data from the patients' diaries were compared with observed and measured data to determine total activity (METs*minutes), activity level and total energy expenditure. Results Spearman correlations between the patients' and researchers' diaries revealed a high correlation for total METs*minutes (rs?=?0.75, p<0.01) for sedentary (rs?=?0.74,p<0.01) and moderate activities (rs?=?0.71,p<0.01) and a very high correlation (rs?=?0.92, p<0.01) for the total energy expenditure. Comparisons between the patients' diaries and activity monitor data revealed a low correlation (rs 0.29) for total METs*minutes and energy expenditure. Conclusion Coded self-monitoring activity diaries appear feasible as a low-tech alternative to labor-intensive observational diaries for determining sedentary, moderate, and total physical activity and for quantifying energy expenditure in hospitalized stroke patients. Given the poor correlation with objective measurements of physical activity, however, further research is needed to validate its use against a gold-standard measure of physical activity intensity and energy expenditure. PMID:24905345

Vanroy, Christel; Vanlandewijck, Yves; Cras, Patrick; Feys, Hilde; Truijen, Steven; Michielsen, Marc; Vissers, Dirk

2014-01-01

315

High Level Waste (HLW) Feed Process Control Strategy  

SciTech Connect

The primary purpose of this document is to describe the overall process control strategy for monitoring and controlling the functions associated with the Phase 1B high-level waste feed delivery. This document provides the basis for process monitoring and control functions and requirements needed throughput the double-shell tank system during Phase 1 high-level waste feed delivery. This document is intended to be used by (1) the developers of the future Process Control Plan and (2) the developers of the monitoring and control system.

STAEHR, T.W.

2000-06-14

316

High level radioactive waste management facility design criteria  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the engineering systems for the structural design of the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) at the Savannah River Site (SRS). At the DWPF, high level radioactive liquids will be mixed with glass particles and heated in a melter. This molten glass will then be poured into stainless steel canisters where it will harden. This process will transform the high level waste into a more stable, manageable substance. This paper discuss the structural design requirements for this unique one of a kind facility. A special emphasis will be concentrated on the design criteria pertaining to earthquake, wind and tornado, and flooding.

Sheikh, N.A.; Salaymeh, S.R.

1993-10-01

317

Final report on cermet high-level waste forms  

SciTech Connect

Cermets are being developed as an alternate method for the fixation of defense and commercial high level radioactive waste in a terminal disposal form. Following initial feasibility assessments of this waste form, consisting of ceramic particles dispersed in an iron-nickel base alloy, significantly improved processing methods were developed. The characterization of cermets has continued through property determinations on samples prepared by various methods from a variety of simulated and actual high-level wastes. This report describes the status of development of the cermet waste form as it has evolved since 1977. 6 tables, 18 figures.

Kobisk, E.H.; Quinby, T.C.; Aaron, W.S.

1981-08-01

318

Serum hepcidin level and its clinical significance in maintenance hemodialysis patients.  

PubMed

Hepcidin is a key protein of iron metabolism, which may play an important role in the prognosis of patients with chronic renal failure on maintenance hemodialysis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the prognosis of maintenance hemodialysis patients and serum hepcidin level. We enrolled 60 patients on maintenance hemodialysis and 30 healthy controls from March 2012 to December 2012 in our hospital. Peripheral blood samples were collected to determine hepcidin by an ELISA method. Hepcidin levels of hemodialysis patients were significantly higher than those of the healthy control group. Hepcidin level was positively correlated with the degree of anemia in the dialysis group. Therefore, we conclude that hepcidin level is significantly increased in patients with chronic renal failure on maintenance hemodialysis and that increased hepcidin seriously affects the prognosis of chronic renal failure. PMID:25501198

Zhang, P; Yang, L-N; Wang, G; Li, F-E; Tang, F

2014-01-01

319

Activity levels and participation in physical activities by Korean patients following total knee arthroplasty  

PubMed Central

Background The objectives of this study were to describe changes in physical activity profiles of Korean patients after TKA and to determine whether the postoperative physical activity level is influenced by patient socio-demographic factors and postoperative functional outcomes. We also sought to determine whether regular postoperative physical activity is associated with greater patient satisfaction after TKA. Methods This observational study included 369 patients. Physical activity profiles before and after TKA were evaluated using a questionnaire that contained the UCLA activity scale and types of sports activities. The associations of socio-demographic features and postoperative functional outcomes with the physical activity levels were assessed using subgroup comparisons and partial correlation analyses. In addition, the effects of regular physical activity on patient satisfaction with replaced knees were evaluated using subgroup comparisons. Results Walking, swimming and bicycling were the three most common sports activities both before and after TKA. After TKA, the mean activity level remained similar (UCLA score?=?4.5 before TKA vs. 4.8 after TKA); however, the frequency of moderate activity levels (UCLA scale, 4-6) and moderate types of physical activities increased. Patients with higher postoperative function scores reported higher postoperative activity levels, but socio-demographic factors were not associated with activity level. Regular physical activity was associated with greater patient satisfaction. Conclusions This study provides valuable information about realistic expectations for physical activity after TKA. Regular participation in physical activity should be encouraged to improve patient satisfaction. PMID:25030804

2014-01-01

320

Low-Level Information and High-Level Perception: The Case of Speech in Noise  

PubMed Central

Auditory information is processed in a fine-to-crude hierarchical scheme, from low-level acoustic information to high-level abstract representations, such as phonological labels. We now ask whether fine acoustic information, which is not retained at high levels, can still be used to extract speech from noise. Previous theories suggested either full availability of low-level information or availability that is limited by task difficulty. We propose a third alternative, based on the Reverse Hierarchy Theory (RHT), originally derived to describe the relations between the processing hierarchy and visual perception. RHT asserts that only the higher levels of the hierarchy are immediately available for perception. Direct access to low-level information requires specific conditions, and can be achieved only at the cost of concurrent comprehension. We tested the predictions of these three views in a series of experiments in which we measured the benefits from utilizing low-level binaural information for speech perception, and compared it to that predicted from a model of the early auditory system. Only auditory RHT could account for the full pattern of the results, suggesting that similar defaults and tradeoffs underlie the relations between hierarchical processing and perception in the visual and auditory modalities. PMID:18494561

Nahum, Mor; Nelken, Israel; Ahissar, Merav

2008-01-01

321

Low-level information and high-level perception: the case of speech in noise.  

PubMed

Auditory information is processed in a fine-to-crude hierarchical scheme, from low-level acoustic information to high-level abstract representations, such as phonological labels. We now ask whether fine acoustic information, which is not retained at high levels, can still be used to extract speech from noise. Previous theories suggested either full availability of low-level information or availability that is limited by task difficulty. We propose a third alternative, based on the Reverse Hierarchy Theory (RHT), originally derived to describe the relations between the processing hierarchy and visual perception. RHT asserts that only the higher levels of the hierarchy are immediately available for perception. Direct access to low-level information requires specific conditions, and can be achieved only at the cost of concurrent comprehension. We tested the predictions of these three views in a series of experiments in which we measured the benefits from utilizing low-level binaural information for speech perception, and compared it to that predicted from a model of the early auditory system. Only auditory RHT could account for the full pattern of the results, suggesting that similar defaults and tradeoffs underlie the relations between hierarchical processing and perception in the visual and auditory modalities. PMID:18494561

Nahum, Mor; Nelken, Israel; Ahissar, Merav

2008-05-20

322

Serum levels of immunoglobulin free light chains in patients with chronic hepatitis C presenting cryoglobulinemia.  

PubMed

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infects B-lymphocytes, provokes cellular dysfunction and causes lymphoproliferative diseases such as cryoglobulinemia and non-Hodgkin's B-cell lymphoma. In the present study, we investigated the serum levels of kappa and lambda free light chains (FLC) of immunoglobulins and the kappa/lambda FLC ratio in Brazilian patients with chronic HCV infection and cryoglobulinemia. We also analyzed the immunochemical composition of the cryoglobulins in these patients. Twenty-eight cryoglobulinemic HCV patients composed the target group, while 37 HCV patients without cryoglobulinemia were included as controls. The median levels of kappa and lambda FLC were higher in patients with cryoglobulinemia compared to controls (p=0.001 and p=0.003, respectively), but the kappa/lambda FLC ratio was similar in patients with and without cryoglobulinemia (p>0.05). The median FLC ratio was higher in HCV patients presenting with advanced fibrosis of the liver compared to HCV patients without fibrosis (p=0.004). Kappa and lambda FLC levels were strongly correlated with the IgA, IgG and IgM levels in the patients with cryoglobulinemia. In patients without cryoglobulinemia, the kappa FLC level was only correlated with the IgG level, whereas the lambda FLC were weakly correlated with the IgA, IgG and IgM levels. An immunochemical pattern of mixed cryoglobulins (MC), predominantly IgM, IgG, IgA and kappa light chain, was verified in these immune complexes. We concluded that HCV-infected patients presenting cryoglobulinemia have vigorous polyclonal B-lymphocyte activation due to chronic HCV infection and persistent immune stimulation. PMID:25193081

Oliveira, Isabela S; Cabral, Milena S; Jesus, Larissa S; Paraná, Raymundo; Atta, Ajax M; Sousa Atta, Maria Luiza B

2014-01-01

323

Assessment of Serum Zinc Levels of Patients with Thalassemia Compared to Their Siblings  

PubMed Central

Zinc (Zn) is essential for appropriate growth and proper immune function, both of which may be impaired in thalassemia children. Factors that can affect serum Zn levels in these patients may be related to their disease or treatment or nutritional causes. We assessed the serum Zn levels of children with thalassemia paired with a sibling. Zn levels were obtained from 30 children in Islamabad, Pakistan. Serum Zn levels and anthropometric data measures were compared among siblings. Thalassemia patients' median age was 4.5 years (range 1–10.6 years) and siblings was 7.8 years (range 1.1–17 years). The median serum Zn levels for both groups were within normal range: 100??g/dL (10??g/dL–297??g/dL) for patients and 92??g/dL (13??g/dL–212??g/dL) for siblings. There was no significant difference between the two groups. Patients' serum Zn values correlated positively with their corresponding siblings (r = 0.635, P < 0.001). There were no correlations between patients' Zn levels, height for age Z-scores, serum ferritin levels, chelation, or blood counts (including both total leukocyte and absolute lymphocyte counts). Patients' serum Zn values correlated with their siblings' values. In this study, patients with thalassemia do not seem to have disease-related Zn deficiency. PMID:25197566

El Missiry, Mohamed; Hamed Hussein, Mohamed; Khalid, Sadaf; Yaqub, Naila; Khan, Sarah; Itrat, Fatima; Uderzo, Cornelio

2014-01-01

324

Changes of acute-phase protein levels in the serum of lung cancer patients following radiotherapy  

PubMed Central

Purpose: the assessment of serum level changes of C-reactive protein (CRP), ferritin (FER), and albumin (ALB) as inflammation markers in Non Small Cell Lung Cancer patients (stages IIIA - inoperable and stage IIIB) treated with radiotherapy. Significant findings: Normal pre-radiotherapy levels of CRP were found in 18 patients, of FER in 17, and of ALB in 22. Higher levels of CRP were found in 9 patients and of FER in 10. Lower ALB was found in 5 patients.Post-radiotherapy CRP levels were significantly higher (compared to the pre-radiotherapy levels) in 25 patients. The same was observed regarding FER in 18 patients whereas 12 patients had lower post-radiotherapy levels. The statistical analysis (non parametrical Wilcoxon test) revealed that these differences were statistically significant (p-value< 0.001). Conclusions: The levels of CRP, FER, and ALB are reliable and useful biomarkers correlated with the acute complication of lung parenchyma damage induced by radiotherapy. PMID:23236558

Maria, Tolia G; Vasileios, Kouloulias E; Panagiotis, Pantelakos S; Kostas, Syrigos N

2013-01-01

325

The Effect of Renal Dysfunction on Circulating Sclerostin Level in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes  

PubMed Central

Objective. Sclerostin is a Wnt inhibitor produced specifically by osteocytes. However, it is not currently clear whether renal dysfunction has an effect on circulating sclerostin level in patients with type 2 diabetes. The aim of the study was to evaluate this relationship. Design and Patients. We conducted a cross-sectional observational study of 302 type 2 diabetic patients with or without chronic kidney disease. Serum sclerostin level was analyzed by ELISA, and renal function was assessed by estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation. Results. There was a strong correlation between sclerostin level with renal function presented as serum creatinine (r = 0.745, P < 0.001) and eGFR (r = ?0.590, P < 0.001). Serum sclerostin level was significantly higher in patients with CKD-G3 stage than those with CKD-G1/2 stages after adjusting for age, sex, and BMI (P = 0.011). Patients with CKD-G4/5 stages had dramatically increased level of circulating sclerostin. Multiple regression analyses found that age, sex, and eGFR were independent determining factors for circulating sclerostin level. Conclusion. Our data showed that serum sclerostin levels start to increase in diabetic patients with CKD-G3 stage. Further studies are needed to establish the potential role of elevated sclerostin in diabetic patients with CKD. PMID:25053944

Kim, Se Hwa; Yoon, Soo Young; Lim, Sung-Kil; Rhee, Yumie

2014-01-01

326

Predicting red blood cell transfusion in hospitalized patients: role of hemoglobin level, comorbidities, and illness severity  

PubMed Central

Background Randomized controlled trial evidence supports a restrictive strategy of red blood cell (RBC) transfusion, but significant variation in clinical transfusion practice persists. Patient characteristics other than hemoglobin levels may influence the decision to transfuse RBCs and explain some of this variation. Our objective was to evaluate the role of patient comorbidities and severity of illness in predicting inpatient red blood cell transfusion events. Methods We developed a predictive model of inpatient RBC transfusion using comprehensive electronic medical record (EMR) data from 21 hospitals over a four year period (2008-2011). Using a retrospective cohort study design, we modeled predictors of transfusion events within 24 hours of hospital admission and throughout the entire hospitalization. Model predictors included administrative data (age, sex, comorbid conditions, admission type, and admission diagnosis), admission hemoglobin, severity of illness, prior inpatient RBC transfusion, admission ward, and hospital. Results The study cohort included 275,874 patients who experienced 444,969 hospitalizations. The 24 hour and overall inpatient RBC transfusion rates were 7.2% and 13.9%, respectively. A predictive model for transfusion within 24 hours of hospital admission had a C-statistic of 0.928 and pseudo-R2 of 0.542; corresponding values for the model examining transfusion through the entire hospitalization were 0.872 and 0.437. Inclusion of the admission hemoglobin resulted in the greatest improvement in model performance relative to patient comorbidities and severity of illness. Conclusions Data from electronic medical records at the time of admission predicts with very high likelihood the incidence of red blood transfusion events in the first 24 hours and throughout hospitalization. Patient comorbidities and severity of illness on admission play a small role in predicting the likelihood of RBC transfusion relative to the admission hemoglobin. PMID:24884605

2014-01-01

327

Soluble CD93 Levels in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction and Its Implication on Clinical Outcome  

PubMed Central

Background Inflammation plays a key role in the pathogenesis of acute myocardial infarction (MI). However, it is unclear whether marker of immune activation will provide prognostic information in these patients. We hypothesized that circulating levels of soluble CD93 (sCD93), a soluble form of transmembrane glycoprotein CD93, is increased in acute MI patients and its level would be associated with clinical outcomes in patients with acute MI. Methods We measured circulating levels of sCD93 in 120 patients with acute MI (63±13 yrs, M?F?=?85?35) and in 120 age, sex-matched control subjects. In patients with acute MI, clinical characteristics, echocardiographic and laboratory findings were assessed at the time of initial enrollment. The primary outcome was defined as all-cause and cardiovascular death. Results Circulating sCD93 levels were significantly higher in patients with acute MI than in control subjects (552.1±293.7 vs. 429.8±114.2 ng/mL, p<0.0001). Upon in vitro inflammatory stimulation, increased CD93 shedding was demonstrated in acute MI patients but not in control subjects. During follow up period (median 208 days, 3-1058 days), the primary outcome occurred in 18 (15%) patients (9 cardiovascular deaths). Circulating levels of sCD93 were associated with all cause (p<0.0001) and cardiovascular (p<0.0001) mortality in patients with acute MI. Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that initial sCD93 level was found to be an independent predictor of all cause (p?=?0.002) and cardiovascular mortality (p?=?0.033) when controlled for age and left ventricular ejection fraction. Conclusions Circulating levels of sCD93 are elevated in patients with acute MI and their levels were associated with adverse clinical outcomes. PMID:24801400

Youn, Jong-Chan; Yu, Hee Tae; Jeon, Jae-Won; Lee, Hye Sun; Jang, Yangsoo; Park, Young Woo; Park, Yong-Beom; Shin, Eui-Cheol; Ha, Jong-Won

2014-01-01

328

Pre- and post-operative plasma glial fibrillary acidic protein levels in patients with newly diagnosed gliomas  

PubMed Central

Therapies that disrupt or repair blood–brain barrier integrity can result in major changes in MRI images even when the tumor volume remains constant. Thus, a reliable blood-based tumor biomarker could significantly improve clinical care and research studies in these patients. This study was performed to assess plasma concentrations of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in patients with high- and low-grade gliomas before and after debulking surgery. Pre-operative plasma was collected from 33 patients with radiation- and chemotherapy-naďve gliomas. Additional plasma was collected 24–48 h postoperatively from 23 of these patients. Plasma GFAP (pGFAP) concentrations were determined using an electrochemiluminescent immunoassay and were analyzed as a function of tumor grade, tumor GFAP expression, the integrity of the blood-brain barrier, and post-operative status. Detectable pGFAP levels (?0.04 ng/mL) were found pre-operatively in 52 % of patients and post-operatively in 96 %. Detectable pGFAP was more common in patients with WHO grade IV (100 %) than WHO grade III (56 %) or WHO grade II gliomas (20 %). No patient with undetectable GFAP had WHO grade IV glioma. Higher pGFAP concentrations were also associated with contrast enhancement but not related to tumor GFAP expression. GFAP is commonly detected in the plasma of patients with high-grade gliomas. pGFAP levels rise rather than fall following debulking surgery which is probably a result of surgical trauma. GFAP remains a potentially informative plasma biomarker for gliomas. Longitudinal studies are required to correlate pGFAP levels with patient outcomes. PMID:22492246

Husain, Hatim; Savage, William; Grossman, Stuart A.; Ye, Xiaobu; Burger, Peter C; Everett, Allen; Bettegowda, Chetan; Diaz, Luis A.; Blair, Cherie; Romans, Katharine E.

2013-01-01

329

Low voltage to high voltage level shifter and related methods  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A shifter circuit comprises a high and low voltage buffer stages and an output buffer stage. The high voltage buffer stage comprises multiple transistors arranged in a transistor stack having a plurality of intermediate nodes connecting individual transistors along the stack. The transistor stack is connected between a voltage level being shifted to and an input voltage. An inverter of this stage comprises multiple inputs and an output. Inverter inputs are connected to a respective intermediate node of the transistor stack. The low voltage buffer stage has an input connected to the input voltage and an output, and is operably connected to the high voltage buffer stage. The low voltage buffer stage is connected between a voltage level being shifted away from and a lower voltage. The output buffer stage is driven by the outputs of the high voltage buffer stage inverter and the low voltage buffer stage.

Mentze, Erik J. (Inventor); Hess, Herbert L. (Inventor); Buck, Kevin M. (Inventor); Cox, David F. (Inventor)

2006-01-01

330

Preserved levels of uninvolved immunoglobulins are independently associated with favorable outcome in patients with symptomatic multiple myeloma.  

PubMed

Suppression of uninvolved immunoglobulins is common in multiple myeloma (MM) but the prognostic significance of this phenomenon has not been assessed. We evaluated the prognostic significance of the preservation of uninvolved immunoglobulins in 1755 consecutive, unselected, patients with newly diagnosed, symptomatic MM with pre-therapy immunoglobulin levels measured by nephelometry. Suppression of at least one uninvolved immunoglobulin was observed in 87% of patients and was more common in patients with immunoglobulin A myeloma, those aged over 65 years, in patients with advanced-International Staging System (ISS) stage, extensive-bone marrow infiltration, anemia, low platelet counts, high levels of serum M-monoclonal protein or renal dysfunction. Patients with preserved immunoglobulins had a better survival than patients with suppressed immunoglobulins (median survival 55 vs 41.5 months, P<0.001). In multivariate analysis, preservation of uninvolved immunoglobulins was independently associated with better survival (hazard ratio: 0.781, 95% confidence interval: 0.618-0.987, P=0.039); irrespective of the treatment. In a subset of 500 patients, which were strictly followed for disease progression, preservation of uninvolved immunoglobulins was associated with a significantly longer progression-free survival (60 vs 25 months, P<0.001), independently of other common prognostic factors. In conclusion, preservation of uninvolved immunoglobulins in newly diagnosed patients with symptomatic MM was independently associated with long term disease control and improved survival. PMID:24637336

Kastritis, E; Zagouri, F; Symeonidis, A; Roussou, M; Sioni, A; Pouli, A; Delimpasi, S; Katodritou, E; Michalis, E; Michael, M; Hatzimichael, E; Vassou, A; Repousis, P; Christophoridou, A; Kartasis, Z; Stefanoudaki, E; Megalakaki, C; Giannouli, S; Kyrtsonis, M-C; Konstantopoulos, K; Spyroupoulou-Vlachou, M; Terpos, E; Dimopoulos, M A

2014-10-01

331

Low Mmp 9 and VEGF levels predict good oncologic outcome in mid and low rectal cancer patients with neoadjuvant chemoradiation  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of this study was to evaluate apoptotic (Bcl-2, Bax expression, caspase-3 activity, and cytochrome-c) and angiogenic (MMP-9 levels and VEGF expression) markers in operable rectal cancer patients who were treated with preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by total mesorectal excision (TME). Understanding these factors will facilitate the identification of potential pathological responders before treatment, leading to better local control and survival rates. Methods Between March 2006 and March 2008, 29 patients withTNM Stage III (cT3 N+) mid or low rectal cancer were included in this study. Our sample consisted of 17 males (58.6%) and 12 females (41.4%). The median age was 60?years (range 24-88?years). Biopsy samples were taken from different portions of the tumors using flexible endoscopy before neoadjuvant CRT. Preoperatively, all patients received radiation (45-50.4 gray (Gy) in 25?cycles with concurrent 5-florouracil (5-FU) chemotherapy. Results A complete response was observed in 7 of 29 patients (24%). Bax staining was negative in 1 of the 7 patients (14%) in the pathological complete response (PCR) group and in 18 of the 22 patients (82%) in the no pathological complete response (noPCR) group (p?=?0.001). MMP-9 and VEGF levels were higher in the noPCR group than the PCR group (p?=?0.04, p?=?0.05 respectively). No statistically significant differences were found between VEGF and MMP-9 levels in nodal downstaging. No statistically significant relationships were found between the other apoptotic factors (Bcl 2, cytochrome-c, and caspase-3 activity) and pathological response rate (p?>?0.05). Conclusion In neoadjuvant CRT patients, high levels of Bax expression and low levels of VEGF and MMP-9 expression on preoperative biopsies indicate that the patient will potentially be a good pathological responder. PMID:23276144

2012-01-01

332

Postoperative decreased levels of D-dimer in patients with gynecologic cancer with enoxaparin and fondaparinux thromboprophylaxis  

PubMed Central

The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of enoxaparin (ENO) and fondaparinux (FPX) on postoperative plasma D-dimer levels and risk factors associated with postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) and pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) in patients with gynecologic cancer. For this study, 434 patients with gynecologic cancer were recruited and a surgical treatment strategy was employed. Plasma D-dimer levels were measured prior to surgery, as well as on a schedule up to 3 weeks postoperatively and again after day 28. Patients with clinical signs and elevation of the plasma D-dimer level underwent multidetector row computed tomography. The D-dimer value was significantly lower in patients with ENO or FPX on postoperative days 3–10 compared to patients with gynecologic cancers who were not receiving ENO or FPX. The D-dimer value was significantly lower in patients with FPX compared to patients with ENO on postoperative days 5–7. The D-dimer value on postoperative day 3, the use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs), advancing age and non-O blood group were independent risk factors for postoperative VTE. The D-dimer value on postoperative day 3 and the use of ESAs were independent risk factors for postoperative PTE. The postoperative D-dimer value was significantly lower in patients with gynecologic cancer who were administered ENO or FPX compared to patients were not administered either ENO or FPX. The use of ESAs and high plasma D-dimer levels on postoperative day 3 were independent risk factors for postoperative VTE and PTE. PMID:24649238

KODAMA, JUNICHI; SEKI, NORIKO; FUKUSHIMA, CHIKAKO; KUSUMOTO, TOMOYUKI; NAKAMURA, KEIICHIRO; HIRAMATSU, YUJI

2013-01-01

333

Serum bile acid levels as a predictor for the severity of liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis C.  

PubMed

Serum bile acids (SBAs) are commonly elevated in cholestatic liver diseases, but it is unclear if SBA levels are also elevated in noncholestatic chronic liver diseases and whether those levels correlate with disease severity. We analysed SBA levels of 135 consecutive patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection and correlated these levels with the degree of liver fibrosis as determined by liver biopsy. In addition, we assessed the accuracy of SBA levels as a noninvasive predictor for liver fibrosis by its comparison to the patients' FibroTest scores. Two-thirds (90/135 patients, 67%) of the study patients had nonsevere liver fibrosis (Metavir F0-F2), and the others (45/135, 33%) had severe fibrosis or cirrhosis (Metavir F3-F4). The SBA levels were significantly higher in patients with severe fibrosis as compared to nonsevere fibrosis (11.46 ± 10.01 vs 6.37 ± 4.69, P < 0.0001). Furthermore, a receiver operator characteristics curve based on a model that included serum bile acids, age, body mass index, serum AST, glucose and cholesterol levels suggested that this combination reliably predicts the degree of liver fibrosis and is not inferior to the current noninvasive FibroTest score (areas under the curve of 0.837 vs 0.83, respectively, P = 0.87). We conclude that measurement of SBA levels may have a clinical role as a simple noninvasive tool to assess the severity of HCV-induced liver disease. Combined with widely available laboratory parameters, SBA levels can predict disease severity with a high degree of accuracy. PMID:23301544

Shlomai, A; Halfon, P; Goldiner, I; Zelber-Sagi, S; Halpern, Z; Oren, R; Bruck, R

2013-02-01

334

[Hemodiafiltration with high-level ultrafiltration versus hemodialysis. Longitudinal study].  

PubMed

A group of well nourished young patients was examined during 2 longterm consecutive high efficiency dialytic schedules to detect possible clinical and biochemical differences. The patients were first studied during hemodialysis with a 1.2 m2 cuprophan membrane and blood flow of 400 ml/min and, then, during hemodiafiltration with an ultrafiltration rate greater than 100 ml/min by using high permeability membranes with a surface greater than or equal to 1.4 m2. As expected by the higher clearances obtained on hemodiafiltration, this technique resulted in a significant reduction of dialysis time and of BUN and serum creatinine, associated with a significant increase of hemoglobin, possibly related to a better deintoxication. Furthermore, the dry body weight decreased significantly during hemodialysis, whereas it increased significantly during hemodiafiltration, despite unchanged dietary habits, indicating possible differences in the nutrients utilization during the 2 dialytic schedules. Therefore, in chronically dialyzed patients, highly permeable synthetic membranes should be preferred to cuprophan because of a supposed better biocompatibility and should be used with the highest ultrafiltration rate in order to obtain a better dialytic efficiency and to avoid the risk of backfiltration. PMID:2389220

Gonella, M; Calabrese, G; Mazzotta, A; Pratesi, G; Vagelli, G

1990-01-01

335

The relationship between erythrocyte zinc levels and isotretinoin use in acne vulgaris patients.  

PubMed

Abstract Background: Prior studies have demonstrated lower serum zinc levels in acne vulgaris (AV) patients compared with controls. However, no study has investigated the relationship between AV and erythrocyte zinc levels, which is a superior indicator of body zinc levels. Additionally, the potential influence of isotretinoin use on body zinc status remains to be evaluated. In this study, we aimed to determine erythrocyte zinc levels and their relationship with isotretinoin use in AV patients. Methods: The enrolled study participants included 106 (68% female) isotretinoin-treated AV patients, 89 (65% female) untreated AV patients and 100 (59% female) healthy volunteers between 18 and 30 years of age. The acne severity of the AV patients who did not receive treatment was assessed using the classification system of the International Consensus Conference on Acne. Erythrocyte zinc levels were analysed by atomic absorption spectroscopy. Results: No significant differences were observed among the three groups with respect to erythrocyte zinc levels. In addition, erythrocyte zinc levels did not vary according to the severity of AV, nor according to the duration of isotretinoin use. Conclusion: This study suggests that no relationships exist among zinc status, AV and isotretinoin use. However, given the relationship between vitamin A and zinc, and the fact that previous studies have indicated low serum zinc levels in AV patients, prospective studies are required to corroborate our data. PMID:25373485

Bilgiç, Ozlem; Alt?nyazar, Hilmi Cevdet; Sivrikaya, Abdullah; Unlü, Ali

2014-11-01

336

High levels of fluctuating asymmetry in isolated stickleback populations  

PubMed Central

Background Fluctuating asymmetry (FA), defined as small random deviations from the ideal bilateral symmetry, has been hypothesized to increase in response to both genetic and environmental stress experienced by a population. We compared levels of FA in 12 bilateral meristic traits (viz. lateral-line system neuromasts and lateral plates), and heterozygosity in 23 microsatellite loci, among four marine (high piscine predation risk) and four pond (zero piscine predation risk) populations of nine-spined sticklebacks (Pungitius pungitius). Results Pond sticklebacks had on average three times higher levels of FA than marine fish and this difference was highly significant. Heterozygosity in microsatellite markers was on average two times lower in pond (HE ? 0.3) than in marine (HE ? 0.6) populations, and levels of FA and heterozygosity were negatively correlated across populations. However, after controlling for habitat effect on heterozygosity, levels of FA and heterozygosity were uncorrelated. Conclusions The fact that levels of FA in traits likely to be important in the context of predator evasion were elevated in ponds compared to marine populations suggests that relaxed selection for homeostasis in ponds lacking predatory fish may be responsible for the observed habitat difference in levels of FA. This inference also aligns with the observation that the levels of genetic variability across the populations did not explain population differences in levels of FA after correcting for habitat effect. Hence, while differences in strength of selection, rather than in the degree of genetic stress could be argued to explain habitat differences in levels of FA, the hypothesis that increased FA in ponds is caused by genetic stress cannot be rejected. PMID:22788717

2012-01-01

337

Low levels of vitamin C in dialysis patients is associated with decreased prealbumin and increased C-reactive protein  

PubMed Central

Background Subclinical inflammation is a common phenomenon in patients on either continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) or maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). We hypothesized that vitamin C had anti-inflammation effect because of its electron offering ability. The current study was designed to test the relationship of plasma vitamin C level and some inflammatory markers. Methods In this cross-sectional study, 284 dialysis patients were recruited, including 117 MHD and 167 CAPD patients. The demographics were recorded. Plasma vitamin C was measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. And we also measured body mass index (BMI, calculated as weight/height2), Kt/V, serum albumin, serum prealbumin, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), ferritin, hemoglobin. The relationships between vitamin C and albumin, pre-albumin and hsCRP levels were tested by Spearman correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. Patients were classified into three subgroups by vitamin C level according to previous recommendation [1,2] in MHD and CAPD patients respectively: group A: < 2 ug/ml (< 11.4 umol/l, deficiency), group B: 2-4 ug/ml (11.4-22.8 umol/l, insufficiency) and group C: > 4 ug/ml (> 22.8 umol/l, normal and above). Results Patients showed a widely distribution of plasma vitamin C levels in the total 284 dialysis patients. Vitamin C deficiency (< 2 ug/ml) was present in 95(33.45%) and insufficiency (2-4 ug/ml) in 88(30.99%). 73(25.70%) patients had plasma vitamin C levels within normal range (4-14 ug/ml) and 28(9.86%) at higher than normal levels (> 14 ug/ml). The similar proportion of different vitamin C levels was found in both MHD and CAPD groups. Plasma vitamin C level was inversely associated with hsCRP concentration (Spearman r = -0.201, P = 0.001) and positively associated with prealbumin (Spearman r = 0.268, P < 0.001), albumin levels (Spearman r = 0.161, P = 0.007). In multiple linear regression analysis, plasma vitamin C level was inversely associated with log10hsCRP (P = 0.048) and positively with prealbumin levels (P = 0.002) adjusted for gender, age, diabetes, modality of dialysis and some other confounding effects. Conclusions The investigation indicates that vitamin C deficiency is common in both MHD patients and CAPD patients. Plasma vitamin C level is positively associated with serum prealbumin level and negatively associated with hsCRP level in both groups. Vitamin C deficiency may play an important role in the increased inflammatory status in dialysis patients. Further studies are needed to determine whether inflammatory status in dialysis patients can be improved by using vitamin C supplements. PMID:21548917

2011-01-01

338

The Association Between Serum ApoE Genetic Polymorphism and Serum Lipid Level in Hemodialysis Patients.  

PubMed

Growing evidence indicates that apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is one of the most important candidate genes for influencing the development of hemodialysis (HD). This study aims to detect the potential association between serum ApoE genetic polymorphism and serum lipid level in HD. A total of 485 subjects were enrolled in this case-control study. The created restriction site polymerase chain reaction and DNA sequencing methods were used to investigate ApoE c.109G>A genetic polymorphism. Our data suggested that there were significant differences in the distribution of allelic and genotypic frequencies between HD patients and healthy controls. The levels of total cholesterol, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, ApoA-I, ApoB, ApoE, and lipoprotein (a) for genotype AA were different from genotype GG in HD patients and healthy controls. Our findings support that the ApoE c.109G>A genetic polymorphism might influence the development of HD and could be a risk factor for assessing HD. PMID:25565166

Zhang, Yong; Zhang, Linlin; Cao, Bo

2015-02-01

339

High-level visual object representations are constrained by position.  

PubMed

It is widely assumed that high-level visual object representations are position-independent (or invariant). While there is sensitivity to position in high-level object-selective cortex, position and object identity are thought to be encoded independently in the population response such that position information is available across objects and object information is available across positions. Contrary to this view, we show, with both behavior and neuroimaging, that visual object representations are position-dependent (tied to limited portions of the visual field). Behaviorally, we show that the effect of priming an object was greatly reduced with any change in position (within- or between-hemifields), indicating nonoverlapping representations of the same object across different positions. Furthermore, using neuroimaging, we show that object-selective cortex is not only highly sensitive to object position but also the ability to differentiate objects based on its response is greatly reduced across different positions, consistent with the observed behavior and the receptive field properties observed in macaque object-selective neurons. Thus, even at the population level, the object information available in response of object-selective cortex is constrained by position. We conclude that even high-level visual object representations are position-dependent. PMID:20351021

Kravitz, Dwight J; Kriegeskorte, Nikolaus; Baker, Chris I

2010-12-01

340

Typewriter Modifications for Persons Who Are High-Level Quadriplegics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Standard, common electric typewriters are not completely suited to the needs of a high-level quadriplegic typing with a mouthstick. Experiences show that for complete control of a typewriter a mouthstick user needs the combined features of one-button correction, electric forward and reverse indexing, and easy character viewing. To modify a…

O'Reagan, James R.; And Others

341

Long-term high-level waste technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Work performed at participating sites to immobilize high-level wastes from the chemical reprocessing of nuclear reactor fuels is summarized. The following aspects are considered: program management and support, waste preparation (retrieval, separation and concentration), waste fixation (in glass, concrete, cermet, tailored ceramics, pellets, metal), process and equipment development, and final handling.

Cornman, W. R.

1980-10-01

342

High level software synthesis for signal processing systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the design of complex digital signal processing systems, block diagram oriented simulation has become a widely accepted standard. Current research is concerned with the coupling of heterogenous simulation engines and the transition from simulation to the implementation of digital signal processing systems. Due to the difficulty in mastering complex design spaces high level hardware and software synthesis is becoming

Sebastian Ritz; M. Pankert; Heinrich Meyr

1992-01-01

343

High levels of genetic variability in west African Dwarf Crocodiles  

E-print Network

High levels of genetic variability in west African Dwarf Crocodiles Osteolaemus tetraspis getraspis Crocodile (Osteolaemus) has been a long-standing problem for crocodilian systematists. Previously divided, to which the dwarf African crocodile belongs, is generally considered the sister taxon to the genus

Ray, David

344

High Performance User Level Sockets over Gigabit Ethernet Pavan Balaji*  

E-print Network

and Fast Ethernet, GM [5] for Myrinet, and others. In the past few years, several industries have taken upHigh Performance User Level Sockets over Gigabit Ethernet Pavan Balaji* Piyush Shivam* Pete of our knowledge, this is the first such design and implementation for Gigabit Ethernet. Keywords

Balaji, Pavan

345

Radionuclide release from high-level nuclear-waste packages  

Microsoft Academic Search

The engineered barrier subsystem (EBS) in an important component in limiting the release of radionuclides from a geologic repository for disposal of high-level nuclear waste. The purpose of this paper is to identify and discuss the key processes that affect the release of radionuclides from nuclear waste forms and migration of these radionuclides through the nuclear-waste packages of the EBS

M. J. Apted

1990-01-01

346

Interpreting a Dynamic and Uncertain World: High-Level Vision  

Microsoft Academic Search

When interpreting a dynamic and uncertain world it is important to have a high-level vision component that can guide the reasoning of the whole vision system. This guidance is provided by an attentional mechanism that exploits knowledge of the specific problem being solved. Here we survey work relevant to the development of such an attentional mechanism, using surveillance as an

Richard J. Howarth

1995-01-01

347

High-Level Synthesis of Digital Microfluidic Biochips  

E-print Network

16 High-Level Synthesis of Digital Microfluidic Biochips FEI SU Intel Corporation and KRISHNENDU CHAKRABARTY Duke University Microfluidic biochips offer a promising platform for massively parallel DNA-custom design of droplet-based "digital" biochips do not scale well for concurrent assays and for next

Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

348

High level cognitive information processing in neural networks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Two related research efforts were addressed: (1) high-level connectionist cognitive modeling; and (2) local neural circuit modeling. The goals of the first effort were to develop connectionist models of high-level cognitive processes such as problem solving or natural language understanding, and to understand the computational requirements of such models. The goals of the second effort were to develop biologically-realistic model of local neural circuits, and to understand the computational behavior of such models. In keeping with the nature of NASA's Innovative Research Program, all the work conducted under the grant was highly innovative. For instance, the following ideas, all summarized, are contributions to the study of connectionist/neural networks: (1) the temporal-winner-take-all, relative-position encoding, and pattern-similarity association techniques; (2) the importation of logical combinators into connection; (3) the use of analogy-based reasoning as a bridge across the gap between the traditional symbolic paradigm and the connectionist paradigm; and (4) the application of connectionism to the domain of belief representation/reasoning. The work on local neural circuit modeling also departs significantly from the work of related researchers. In particular, its concentration on low-level neural phenomena that could support high-level cognitive processing is unusual within the area of biological local circuit modeling, and also serves to expand the horizons of the artificial neural net field.

Barnden, John A.; Fields, Christopher A.

1992-01-01

349

High level radioactive waste management facility design criteria  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the engineering systems for the structural design of the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) at the Savannah River Site (SRS). At the DWPF, high level radioactive liquids will be mixed with glass particles and heated in a melter. This molten glass will then be poured into stainless steel canisters where it will harden. This process will transform

N. A. Sheikh; S. R. Salaymeh

1993-01-01

350

High-level language support for programming distributed systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

A strategy for simplifying the programming of heterogeneous distributed systems is presented. The approach used is based on integrating a high-level distributed programming model, the process model, directly into programming languages. Distributed applications written in such languages are portable across different environments, are shorter, and are simpler to develop than similar applications developed using conventional approaches. The process model is

Joshua S. Auerbach; David F. Bacon; Arthur P. Goldberg; Germán S. Goldszmidt; Ajei S. Gopal; Mark T. Kennedy; Andy Lowry; James R. Russell; William Silverman; Robert E. Strom; Daniel M. Yellin; Shaula Yemini

1992-01-01

351

THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE HIGH LEVEL ARCHITECTURE Judith S. Dahmann  

E-print Network

THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE HIGH LEVEL ARCHITECTURE Judith S. Dahmann Defense Modeling and Simulation of a common technical architecture for use across all classes of simulations in the US Department of Defense) for distributed simulations are described. 1. INTRODUCTION The Defense Modeling and Simulation Office (DMSO

352

Level 1 Tornado PRA for the High Flux Beam Reactor  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes a risk analysis primarily directed at providing an estimate for the frequency of tornado induced damage to the core of the High Flux Beam Reactor (HFBR), and thus it constitutes a Level 1 Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) covering tornado induced accident sequences. The basic methodology of the risk analysis was to develop a ``tornado specific`` plant logic

G. E. Bozoki; C. S. Conrad

1994-01-01

353

THE XAL INFRASTRUCTURE FOR HIGH LEVEL CONTROL ROOM APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect

XAL is a Java programming framework for building high-level control applications related to accelerator physics. The structure, details of implementation, and interaction between components, auxiliary XAL packages, and the latest modifications are discussed. A general overview of XAL applications created for the SNS project is presented.

Shishlo, Andrei P [ORNL] [ORNL; Allen, Christopher K [ORNL] [ORNL; Chu, Paul [Stanford University] [Stanford University; Galambos, John D [ORNL] [ORNL; Pelaia II, Tom [ORNL] [ORNL

2009-01-01

354

The Estuary Guide. Level 3: High School. Draft.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Estuaries are marine systems that serve as nurseries for animals, links in the migratory pathways, and habitat for a complex community of organisms. This curriculum guide intended for use at the high school level seeks to teach what estuaries are; provide opportunities to practice decision-making that affects estuaries; and encourage students to…

Alexander, Glen; And Others

355

Some high level language constructs for data of type relation  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the extension of high level languages by data types of mode relation, three language constructs are proposed and discussed: a repetition statement controlled by relations, predicates as a generalization of Boolean expressions, and a constructor for relations using predicates. The language constructs are developed step by step starting with a set of elementary operations on relations. They are designed

Joachim W. Schmidt; Universitiit Hamburg

1977-01-01

356

Irisin Levels are Not Affected by Physical Activity in Patients with Anorexia Nervosa  

PubMed Central

Irisin was recently identified as muscle-derived hormone that increases energy expenditure. Studies in normal weight and obese subjects reported an increased irisin expression following physical activity, although inconsistent results were observed. Increased physical activity in a subgroup of patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) complicates the course of the disease. Since irisin could account for differences in clinical outcomes, we investigated irisin levels in anorexic patients with high and moderate physical activity to evaluate whether irisin differs with increasing physical activity. Hospitalized female anorexic patients (n?=?39) were included. Plasma irisin measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and locomotor activity were assessed at the same time. Patients were separated into two groups (n?=?19/group; median excluded): moderate and high activity (6331?±?423 vs. 13743?±?1047 steps/day, p?levels (558.2?±?26.1 vs. 524.9?±?25.2?ng/ml), and body weight-adjusted resting energy expenditure (17.6?±?0.3 vs. 18.0?±?0.3?kcal/kg/day, p?>?0.05), whereas body weight-adjusted total energy expenditure (46.0?±?1.4 vs. 41.1?±?1.1?kcal/kg/day), metabolic equivalents (METs, 1.9?±?0.1 vs. 1.7?±?0.1 METs/day), body weight-adjusted exercise activity thermogenesis (1.8?±?0.5 vs. 0.6?±?0.3?kcal/kg/day), duration of exercise (18.6?±?4.7 vs. 6.2?±?3.1?min/day), and body weight-adjusted non-exercise activity thermogenesis (21.6?±?1.0 vs. 18.8?±?0.8?kcal/kg/day) were higher in the high activity compared to the moderate activity group (p??0.05). In conclusion, the current data do not support the concept of irisin being induced by exercise, at least not under conditions of severely reduced body weight like AN. PMID:24432013

Hofmann, Tobias; Elbelt, Ulf; Ahnis, Anne; Kobelt, Peter; Rose, Matthias; Stengel, Andreas

2014-01-01

357

Increased serum levels of soluble vascular endothelial-cadherin in patients with systemic vasculitis.  

PubMed

Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a commonest systemic vasculitis (SV) in childhood characterized by an inflammatory reaction directed at vessels. Endothelial damage and perivascular leukocyte infiltrates are vital in the development of HSP. Vascular endothelial (VE)-cadherin is an endothelial cell-specific adhesion molecule, which plays critical roles in angiogenesis and endothelial integrity. Herein, we investigated the serum levels of soluble VE-cadherin (sVE-cadherin) in patients with HSP and other forms of SV. The serum levels of sVE-cadherin in 30 patients with HSP, together with patients with urticarial vasculitis, allergic vasculitis, Behcet disease, psoriasis vulgaris (PV) and atopic dermatitis (AD) and 26 health controls were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Serum levels of sVE-cadherin were significantly increased in patients with HSP in acute stage and patients with other forms of SV but not in patients with PV or AD. Moreover, Serum sVE-cadherin levels in HSP patients were correlated with the severity of this disease and serum concentrations of IgA anticardiolipin antibodies and vascular endothelial growth factor. Taken together, we show firstly that serum sVE-cadherin is abnormally increased in HSP patients. Increased serum levels of sVE-cadherin might be a novel biomarker for evaluating the severity of HSP and useful for identifying the presence of SV in inflammatory skin conditions. PMID:24469639

Chen, Tao; Guo, Zai-Pei; Cao, Na; Qin, Sha; Li, Meng-Meng; Jia, Rui-Zhen

2014-08-01

358

Correlation between serum levels of IL-15 and IL-17 in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies.  

PubMed

Objectives: To assess the serum levels of interleukin (IL)-15 and IL-17 in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) and correlate them with levels of IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra), IL-6, IL-10, interferon (IFN)-?, monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1, macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1?, and MIP-1?. Possible correlations with disease activity parameters were also evaluated. Method: Sera from 14 patients with new-onset polymyositis (PM), 10 with dermatomyositis (DM), seven with anti-synthetase syndrome (ASS) and 19 healthy controls (HC) were analysed by multiplex immunoassay. Sera from 19 patients were analysed after a median follow-up of 5 months. All patients underwent physical examination, manual muscle testing (MMT) using the five-point MMT scales, the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ), and serum creatine kinase (CK) measurement. All patients received glucocorticoids, and 13 were taking immunosuppressive therapy. Results: At baseline, serum levels of IL-15, IL-17, MCP-1, and MIP-1? were significantly higher in IIM patients than in HC. IL-17 serum levels were directly correlated (r = 0.39, p = 0.02) with disease duration while a significant inverse correlation was detected between IL-17 levels and MMT scores (r = -0.4, p = 0.02). The highest IL-15 levels were present in DM patients (p = 0.02 vs. PM). The most striking finding was the strong correlation between IL-15 and IL-17 levels (r = 0.60, p = 0.0001), and this correlation was even stronger in DM patients (r = 0.82, p = 0.006). Conclusions: The strong correlation between IL-15 and IL-17 in IIM patients, and especially in DM, suggests that there may be an interplay between the two cytokines in the pathogenesis of myositis. Further studies of larger patient cohorts and of muscle biopsies are needed to confirm these preliminary data. PMID:25379698

Notarnicola, A; Lapadula, G; Natuzzi, D; Lundberg, Ie; Iannone, F

2014-11-01

359

Placental growth factor, pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A, soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products, extracellular newly identified receptor for receptor for advanced glycation end products binding protein and high mobility group box 1 levels in patients with acute kidney injury: a cross sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background Placental growth factor (PlGF), pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A), soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE), extracellular newly identified receptor for RAGE binding protein (EN-RAGE) and high mobility group box 1 (HMGB-1) are novel biomarkers in chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, their clinical significance in acute kidney injury (AKI) is unknown. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine whether selected biomarkers are changed in AKI patients. Methods Serum PlGF, PAPP-A, sRAGE, EN-RAGE and HMGB-1 levels were assessed in 40 patients with AKI, 42 CKD 5 patients, 31 haemodialysis patients (HD) and 39 age-matched healthy controls. Results PAPP-A was elevated in AKI (20.6?±?16.9 mIU/L) compared with controls (9.1?±?2.3 mIU/L, p?levels were associated with transferrin (p <0.001), negatively with albumin (p?levels were associated with C - reactive protein (p?levels were associated with ferritin (p?levels with leukocyte count (p?patients, PAPP-A, EN-RAGE and HMGB1 are elevated, but sRAGE and PlGF are not increased. Whereas PAPP-A correlates with markers of nutrition; PlGF, EN-RAGE and HMGB-1 are related to inflammatory parameters. PMID:24188108

2013-01-01

360

Altered serum selenium and uric acid levels and dyslipidemia in hemodialysis patients could be associated with enhanced cardiovascular risk.  

PubMed

In the present study, the first objective was to follow up serum selenium (Se) concentrations in 117 hemodialysis patients (HPs) during a 2-year longitudinal study, relating concentrations to biochemical indexes (n?=?6; namely lipoprotein profile, uric acid, and total protein levels). It was also evaluated whether the disease is associated with an enhanced cardiovascular risk. A healthy control group (n?=?50) was also studied. Mean serum Se levels were significantly lower in HPs than in the controls (p?=?0.002); mean levels significantly increased from the first to third blood sampling (p?high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and a significant increase in triglyceride levels (p?levels in HPs were correlated negatively with uric acid levels (inflammation biomarker; p?levels are reduced due to their disease (chronic renal failure). Serum Se levels rose until the third blood sampling. The marked dyslipidemia and hyperuricemia found in HPs and the negative correlation between the serum Se and uric acid levels in these patients could imply an enhanced cardiovascular risk. PMID:21789541

Martí del Moral, Loreto; Agil, Ahmad; Navarro-Alarcón, Miguel; López-Ga de la Serrana, Herminia; Palomares-Bayo, Magdalena; Oliveras-López, María Jesús

2011-12-01

361

Increased serum levels of soluble CD163 in patients with scleroderma.  

PubMed

CD163 is a 130-kDa, type I transmembrane protein belonging to group B of the cysteine-rich scavenger receptor family. Expression of CD163 is constitutive and/or induced by some stimuli on circulating monocytes and most tissue macrophages. An approximately 130-kDa soluble form of human CD163 is released from the cell surface by proteolysis after oxidative stress or inflammatory stimuli. Thus, an elevated level of circulating soluble CD163 (sCD163) has been reported in diabetes mellitus, which is one of the oxidative conditions. We have already acknowledged that scleroderma (SSc) is one of the oxidative conditions. Therefore, we conducted the measurement of serum sCD163 in SSc patients. After receiving the informed consents, 56 SSc patients were examined; 20 dermatomyositis patients were used as disease controls and 40 persons were used as healthy controls. Blood samples were collected, and the concentration of serum sCD163 was measured by ELISA (human CD163, R&D Systems). Other parameters in the blood of SSc patients were also examined. Statistical analyses were performed using Mann-Whitney U test, and the relationship between parameters was statistically examined by Spearman's rank test. Serum sCD163 levels were elevated in SSc patients compared with normal controls (p?levels between limited SSc and diffuse SSc patients. SSc patients with pulmonary fibrosis had increased serum levels of sCD163 than those without pulmonary fibrosis (p?patients with elevated sCD163 levels had increased serum levels of IgG than those with normal sCD163 levels (p?levels correlated positively with pulsatility index in SSc patients (p?=?0.0009, r?=?0.534). These results suggest that oxidative stress may play an important role in immunological abnormalities, renal circulation, and pulmonary fibrosis of SSc. PMID:22453843

Shimizu, Kazuhiro; Ogawa, Fumihide; Yoshizaki, Ayumi; Akiyama, Yuichiro; Kuwatsuka, Yutaka; Okazaki, Shihoko; Tomita, Hajime; Takenaka, Motoi; Sato, Shinichi

2012-07-01

362

Designs for studying the effectiveness of long-term psychoanalytic treatments: balancing level of evidence and acceptability to patients.  

PubMed

Long-Term Psychoanalytic Treatments (LTPT) include both long-term psychoanalytic psychotherapy (LTPP) and psychoanalysis (PsAn). Current opinion seems to be that there is some evidence for the effectiveness of LTPP, but none for that of PsAn. This may be due in part to researchers not balancing the level of evidence of randomized controlled studies (RCTs), cohort studies, and pre-post studies with patients' acceptance of these various research designs used in studying the effectiveness of LTPT. After a review of the merits of eight possible control conditions for LTPT in RCTs and cohort studies, and a consideration of the limitations and merits of pre-post studies, it was found that RCTs pair high levels of evidence with limited degrees of patient acceptance, especially where PsAn is concerned. Cohort studies appear to provide at most a moderate level of evidence. Their acceptability is hardly better than that of RCTs, as it depends on the acceptability of control conditions similar to those of RCTs. The acceptability of pre-post studies is much better, but they can provide, at most, a moderate level of evidence. Apart from randomization, they can meet all methodological criteria for high-quality research (often they do not, but there are ways to correct this). In summary, in the long-term treatment of complex mental disorders with LTPT, RCTs often pair a high level of evidence with limited patient acceptance of the method. Compared to RCTs, cohort studies show a lower level of evidence without much gain in acceptability. Pre-post studies pair the highest level of acceptability with the lowest level of evidence of the three designs. Limited acceptability is not to be confused with no acceptability, nor moderate level of evidence with none. PMID:22582323

de Jonghe, Frans; de Maat, Saskia; Barber, Jacques P; Abbas, Allan; Luyten, Patrick; Gomperts, Wouter; Swinkels, Jan; Dekker, Jack

2012-04-01

363

Evaluation of Oxidative Stress Parameters and Urinary Deoxypyridinoline Levels in Geriatric Patients with Osteoporosis  

PubMed Central

[Purpose] To evaluate the oxidative stress parameters and urinary deoxypyridinoline levels in geriatric patients with osteoporosis. [Subjects and Methods] Eighty geriatric patients aged over 65?years were recruited. Patients were divided into two groups: Group 1 (n=40) consisted of patients with osteoporosis, and Group 2 (n=40) consisted of patients without osteoporosis. Bone mineral density measurements were performed for all patients using DEXA. Oxidative stress parameters were analyzed in blood samples, and deoxypyridinoline levels were analyzed in 24-hour urinary samples. [Results] Compared to Group 2, the total antioxidant status and oxidative stress index levels of Group 1 were not significantly different; however, total oxidant status and 24-hour urinary deoxypyridinoline levels were significantly higher. Pearson correlation coefficients indicated that OSI and urinary deoxypyridinoline levels were not correlated with any biochemical parameters. ROC-curve analysis revealed that urinary deoxypyridinoline levels over 30.80?mg/ml predicted osteoporosis with 67% sensitivity and 68% specificity (area under the curve = 0.734; %95 CI: 0.624–0.844). [Conclusion] Our results indicate that oxidative stress would play a role in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis, and that urinary deoxypyridinoline levels may be a useful screening test for osteoporosis. PMID:25276024

Demir, Mehmet; Ulas, Turgay; Tutoglu, Ahmet; Boyaci, Ahmet; Karakas, Emel Yigit; Sezen, Hatice; Ustunel, Murat; Bilinc, Hasan; Gencer, Mehmet; Buyukhatipoglu, Hakan

2014-01-01

364

Association between Glucose Levels and Intraocular Pressure: Pre- and Postprandial Analysis in Diabetic and Nondiabetic Patients  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between glucose levels and intraocular pressure (IOP) fluctuation in diabetic and nondiabetic patients. Seventeen nondiabetic and 20 diabetic subjects underwent a complete ophthalmic examination, capillary glucose testing, and applanation tonometry in two distinct situations: first, fasting for at least 8 hours and, second, postprandial measurements. Baseline glucose levels were higher in diabetic patients (P < 0.001). Postprandial IOP was significantly higher than baseline IOP in diabetic (P < 0.001) and nondiabetic patients (P = 0.006). Postprandial glucose levels were significantly higher than baseline measurements in both diabetic (P = 0.005) and nondiabetic patients (P = 0.015). There was a significant association between glucose levels variation and IOP change in both diabetic patients (R2 = 0.540; P < 0.001) and nondiabetic individuals (R2 = 0.291; P = 0.025). There is also a significant association between the baseline glucose levels and IOP change in diabetic group (R2 = 0.445; P = 0.001). In a multivariable model, the magnitude of glucose level change remained significantly associated with IOP variation even including age, baseline IOP, ancestry, and gender as a confounding factor (P < 0.001). We concluded that there is a significant association between blood glucose levels and IOP variation, especially in diabetic patients.

Pimentel, Luis Guilherme Milesi; Gracitelli, Carolina P. B.; da Silva, Leticia Sant'Ana Cardoso; Souza, Aline Katia Siqueira; Prata, Tiago Santos

2015-01-01

365

Decreased serum vitamin D levels in Japanese patients with multiple sclerosis.  

PubMed

Data regarding vitamin D in multiple sclerosis (MS) in Asia are limited. We investigated whether Japanese MS patients show decreased serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D], and vitamin D-binding protein (DBP) during winter. Mean serum 25(OH)D and 1,25(OH)2D levels were significantly lower in MS patients than in controls. There were no significant differences in serum 25(OH)D, 1,25(OH)2D, and DBP levels between patients or between controls from northern Japan (Hokkaido) and southern Japan (Kyushu). Serum vitamin D levels were low in Japanese MS patients but did not differ in patients from northern and southern Japan. PMID:25669999

Niino, Masaaki; Sato, Shinya; Fukazawa, Toshiyuki; Masaki, Katsuhisa; Miyazaki, Yusei; Matsuse, Dai; Yamasaki, Ryo; Takahashi, Eri; Kikuchi, Seiji; Kira, Jun-Ichi

2015-02-15

366

Patient-centered high-technology home care.  

PubMed

High-technology home care is a reality in today's health care system. Nurses, as health professionals, will be involved in high-technology home care for many patients, regardless of age or diagnosis. The nurse's involvement may be in the predischarge setting or in the home actually providing care. High-technology home care cannot and should not merely be care of the technology (the "machines and tubes") at home; rather, it should emphasize the care of the patients and families who are receiving technically complex therapies. To provide care for the patient and entire family, all nurses involved with the patient need to be aware of where the patient and family are developmentally, the structure of family relationships, the expectations with regard to home therapy, and the ability of the patient and family to physically or emotionally manage the therapy. Incorporating this information into a care plan for patient and family teaching can enable the nurse to provide care to the patient and family that surpasses that of merely seeing that the high-technology procedure is done safely and correctly. PMID:2497113

Handy, C M

1989-02-01

367

Adrenal Insufficiency in High-Risk Surgical ICU Patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study objectives: To examine the incidence and response to treatment of adrenal insufficiency (AI) in high-risk postoperative patients. Design: Prospective observational case series. Setting: Large urban tertiary-care surgical ICU (SICU). Participants: Adults > 55 years of age who required vasopressor therapy after adequate volume resuscitation in the immediate postoperative period. Interventions: Each patient underwent a cosyntropin (ACTH) stimulation test; at

Emanuel P. Rivers; Mario Gaspari; George Abi Saad; Mark Mlynarek; John Fath; H. Matilda Horst; Jacobo Wortsman

2001-01-01

368

Remarkable efficacy of tocilizumab for treating rheumatoid arthritis in patients with high platelet counts.  

PubMed

Objectives. To optimize the efficacy of treatment with tocilizumab for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), we comparatively analyzed the outcome of tocilizumab treatment in patients with normal background changes associated closely with IL-6. Patients and Methods. The study involved 87 patients with RA satisfying the diagnostic criteria of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and receiving continuous tocilizumab treatment for 24 weeks or longer. The outcome of tocilizumab treatment in these patients was comparatively analyzed in relation to the baseline platelet count (the high platelet count group and the normal group), pretreatment hemoglobin levels (the low group and the normal platelet count group), and speed of bone destruction (the rapid progression group and slow progression group). Results. Treatment with tocilizumab significantly improved the 28-joint disease activity score using the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28-ESR) and Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI), regardless of baseline platelet count, hemoglobin level, or annual speed of bone destruction (?TSS). The margins of improvement in DAS28-ESR and CDAI did not differ depending on baseline hemoglobin level or ?TSS, but the improvement was significantly greater in the high platelet count group than in the normal platelet count group. Conclusions. These results suggest that in patients with high platelet count, IL-6 is a more important factor involved in RA pathogenesis and that tocilizumab is suitable as a first-line biologic for the treatment of RA patients with high platelet count. PMID:25529071

Matsuno, Hiroaki

2015-01-01

369

High Levels of Zinc-Protoporphyrin Identify Iron Metabolic Abnormalities in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension  

PubMed Central

Iron homeostasis influences the development of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) associated with hypoxia or hematologic disorders. To investigate whether severity of idiopathic PAH (IPAH) is impacted by alterations in iron metabolism, we assessed iron metabolic markers, including levels of Zinc-protoporphyrin (Zn-pp), transferrin receptor, and red blood cell numbers and morphology in IPAH, associated PAH (APAH) and sleep apnea induced pulmonary hypertension (PH) patients in comparison to healthy controls and asthmatics. Despite similarly normal measures of iron metabolism, Zn-pp levels in IPAH and sleep apnea patients were elevated ~2-fold, indicating deficient iron incorporation to form heme and levels were closely related to measures of disease severity. Consistent with high Zn-PP, PAH patients had increased red cell distribution width (RDW). In an expanded cohort including patients with IPAH and familial disease (FPAH) the RDW was validated and related to clinical parameters of severity, including pulmonary artery pressures and 6 minute walk distances. These results reveal an increased prevalence of subclinical functional iron deficiency in primary forms of PAH that is quantitatively related to disease severity. This suggests that altered iron homeostasis influences disease progression and demonstrates the importance of closely monitoring iron status in PAH patients. PMID:21884511

Decker, Ilka; Ghosh, Sudakshina; Comhair, Suzy A.; Farha, Samar; Wilson Tang, W. H.; Park, Margaret; Wang, Sihe; Lichtin, Alan E.; Erzurum, Serpil C.

2012-01-01

370

Low interleukin-1? messenger RNA levels predict decreased overall survival time of patients with urinary bladder carcinoma  

PubMed Central

Due to our inability to exactly characterize tumours, many patients with urinary bladder cancer undergo unnecessary surgery or cytostatic therapy. We have here studied the expression of the cytokine interleukin-1? (IL-1?) in 73 human bladder carcinomas in relation to patient survival, and examined possible relationships between IL-1? and urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) expression. Expression levels of IL-1? and uPA mRNA were determined by RT-PCR using the quantitative TaqMan technique. The levels of IL-1? mRNA expression did not differ significantly between tumours of different grade or stage. Calculation of the overall survival rates showed a decreased overall survival time for patients with low levels of IL-1? mRNA in their tumours (log rank; P = 0.0002, median follow up: 37 months). Low tumoral IL-1? expression predicted decreased survival of patients with poorly differentiated tumours (P< 0.005) and of patients with invasive tumours (P = 0.02). uPA expression was about 4-fold increased in poorly differentiated tumours. High levels of uPA mRNA were associated with decreased overall survival times (log rank; P = 0.032, n = 60). We conclude that IL-1? is important for bladder cancer biology, and that measurements of this cytokine may be useful in pre-treatment characterization of urinary bladder cancer. © 2001 Cancer Research Campaign http://www.bjcancer.com PMID:11161396

Seddighzadeh, M; Steineck, G; Jansson, O; Larsson, P; Wijkström, H; Adolfsson, J; Portwood, N; Hansson, J; Linder, S

2001-01-01

371

Optogalvanic detection of barium high-lying levels with a two-step pulsed laser excitation  

E-print Network

L-513 Optogalvanic detection of barium high-lying levels with a two-step pulsed laser excitation P barium have been investigated by using a two-step pulsed laser excitation combined with an optogalvanic number for the ground state. In barium the ground level has a J = 0 value, so with a two- photon process

Boyer, Edmond

372

Hormone binding globulin levels in patients with hereditary angiooedema during treatment with Danazol.  

PubMed

Five patients with hereditary angiooedema were treated with Danazol for periods up to 10 months. This therapy resulted in normalization of serum levels of the inhibitor of the first complement component and disappearance of clinical disease symptoms in all patients. Although a variety of hormones were measured, only those of the pituitary-gonadal axis altered during treatment: a moderate decrease in leuteinizing hormone levels and a sharp fall of testosterone in adult men were observed. In all patients, however, both sex hormone binding globulin and thyroxine binding globulin concentrations were considerably suppressed during Danazol therapy. However, levels of corticosterone binding globulin and thyroxine binding globulin concentrations were considerably suppressed during Danazol therapy. However, levels of corticosterone binding globulin remained unchanged. The fraction of endogenous testosterone not bound to sex hormone binding globulin invariably increased. The possible relevance of these findings to the understanding of the mode of action of Danazol both in these patients and in general, are discussed. PMID:6794961

Schwarz, S; Tappeiner, G; Hintner, H

1981-06-01

373

The effect of pet ownership/attachment on the stress level of multiple sclerosis patients  

E-print Network

whether or not pet ownership and/or attachment influenced the perceived stress level and number of negative life events experienced by MS patients in the relapsing remitting stage. Participants were given a questionnaire that consisted of 7 surveys...

Loven, Ashley Marie

2005-11-01

374

Freezing of gait in older adults with high level gait disorders: association with impaired executive function  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Freezing of gait (FOG) is frequently observed in high level gait disorders (HLGD), but its relationship to disease progression\\u000a and cognitive function is unknown. To study this relationship, episodic gait disturbances, affect and cognitive function were\\u000a assessed in twenty-five patients with HLGD (mean age: 78.2 ± 5.0?yrs). After a mean of 32.2 ± 4.2 months, twenty-two patients\\u000a were reassessed. FOG

N. Giladi; V. Huber-Mahlin; T. Herman; J. M. Hausdorff

2007-01-01

375

Decreased Levels of Serum Omentin-1 in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease  

PubMed Central

Background Inflammation is involved in the mechanism of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Omentin, a newly discovered adipokine, is thought to play an anti-inflammatory role. This study aimed to determine whether serum levels of omentin-1 are associated with the presence and disease activity of IBD. Material/Methods This study consisted of 192 patients with IBD: 100 with Crohn’s disease [CD], 92 with ulcerative colitis [UC], and 104 healthy subjects. Serum levels of omentin-1 were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results Serum omentin-1 levels were significantly decreased in CD and UC patients compared with healthy controls. Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that serum omentin-1 levels were inversely associated with the presence of CD and UC. Active CD and UC patients both had significantly decreased levels of serum omentin-1 compared with inactive CD and UC patients. In both CD and UC patients, serum omentin-1 levels were significantly associated with decreased levels of body mass index (BMI) and C-reactive protein (CRP). Conclusions Decreased serum omentin-1 levels could be considered as an independent predicting marker of the presence and disease activity of IBD. PMID:25576244

Yin, Jian; Hou, Peng; Wu, Zhiqiang; Nie, Yanxiao

2015-01-01

376

Decreased levels of serum omentin-1 in patients with inflammatory bowel disease.  

PubMed

Background Inflammation is involved in the mechanism of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Omentin, a newly discovered adipokine, is thought to play an anti-inflammatory role. This study aimed to determine whether serum levels of omentin-1 are associated with the presence and disease activity of IBD. Material and Methods This study consisted of 192 patients with IBD: 100 with Crohn's disease [CD], 92 with ulcerative colitis [UC], and 104 healthy subjects. Serum levels of omentin-1 were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results Serum omentin-1 levels were significantly decreased in CD and UC patients compared with healthy controls. Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that serum omentin-1 levels were inversely associated with the presence of CD and UC. Active CD and UC patients both had significantly decreased levels of serum omentin-1 compared with inactive CD and UC patients. In both CD and UC patients, serum omentin-1 levels were significantly associated with decreased levels of body mass index (BMI) and C-reactive protein (CRP). Conclusions Decreased serum omentin-1 levels could be considered as an independent predicting marker of the presence and disease activity of IBD. PMID:25576244

Yin, Jian; Hou, Peng; Wu, Zhiqiang; Nie, Yanxiao

2015-01-01

377

On the use of high-level taxonomic names  

E-print Network

Asher & Helgen (2010) recently proposed some rules for naming animal taxa above the family level—names that are currently unregulated. They suggested that strict priority be used as a criterion for high-level names and that such priority be based on group content rather than the procedure used for low-level taxa, anchored to constituent taxa. Authorship of a high-level name thus may vary in a complex way depending on content. While it is true that taxonomic codes are always in need of improvement, the lack of regulation of high-level names has not caused major problems. Originality, priority, stability, and other common sense considerations usually come to play in a process that can be described as community consensus. Their proposed system would lead to less stability because names would lack both permanent anchors (e.g., types) and permanent authors, and would be based on something (group content) susceptible to change with time. Furthermore, name selection may frequently conflict with common usage, leading to confusion and instability. An example of the problems with these rules is their preferred name for the order containing tenrecs and golden moles, Tenrecoidea, which has a long history of different meanings (content). Instead, the most commonly used name, Afrosoricida, is also preferred because it does not have that confusing history and has a more typical suffix (-a) for a mammalian order. It is often not appreciated that much of taxonomy, across all levels, is determined by community consensus rather than strict rules. For example, the decision to recognize a collection of individuals or populations as a species is

S. Blair Hedges

378

Allopregnanolone Levels are Reduced in Temporal Cortex in Patients with Alzheimer’s Disease Compared to Cognitively Intact Control Subjects  

PubMed Central

Background The neurosteroid allopregnanolone has pronounced neuroprotective actions, increases myelination, and enhances neurogenesis. Evidence suggests that allopregnanolone dysregulation may play a role in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and other neurodegenerative disorders. Our prior data demonstrate that allopregnanolone is reduced in prefrontal cortex in male patients with AD compared to male cognitively intact control subjects, and inversely correlated with neuropathological disease stage (Braak and Braak). We therefore determined if allopregnanolone levels are also reduced in AD patients compared to control subjects in temporal cortex, utilizing a larger set of samples from both male and female patients. In addition, we investigated if neurosteroids are altered in subjects who are APOE4 allele carriers. Methods Allopregnanolone, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), and pregnenolone levels were determined in temporal cortex postmortem samples by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, preceded by high performance liquid chromatography (40 subjects with AD/41 cognitively intact control subjects). Results Allopregnanolone levels are reduced in temporal cortex in patients with AD (median 2.68 ng/g, n= 40) compared to control subjects (median 5.64 ng/g, n=41), Mann-Whitney p=0.0002, and inversely correlated with Braak and Braak neuropathological disease stage (Spearman r= ?0.38, p=0.0004). DHEA and pregnenolone are increased in patients with AD compared to control subjects. Patients carrying an APOE4 allele demonstrate reduced allopregnanolone levels in temporal cortex (Mann-Whitney p=0.04). Conclusions Neurosteroids are altered in temporal cortex in patients with AD and related to neuropathological disease stage. The APOE4 allele is associated with reduced allopregnanolone levels. Neurosteroids may be relevant to the neurobiology and therapeutics of AD. PMID:20488256

Naylor, Jennifer C.; Kilts, Jason D.; Hulette, Christine M.; Steffens, David C.; Blazer, Dan G.; Ervin, John F.; Strauss, Jennifer L.; Allen, Trina B.; Massing, Mark W.; Payne, Victoria M.; Youssef, Nagy A.; Shampine, Lawrence J.; Marx, Christine E.

2010-01-01

379

Allopregnanolone levels are reduced in temporal cortex in patients with Alzheimer's disease compared to cognitively intact control subjects.  

PubMed

The neurosteroid allopregnanolone has pronounced neuroprotective actions, increases myelination, and enhances neurogenesis. Evidence suggests that allopregnanolone dysregulation may play a role in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other neurodegenerative disorders. Our prior data demonstrate that allopregnanolone is reduced in prefrontal cortex in male patients with AD compared to male cognitively intact control subjects, and inversely correlated with neuropathological disease stage (Braak and Braak). We therefore determined if allopregnanolone levels are also reduced in AD patients compared to control subjects in temporal cortex, utilizing a larger set of samples from both male and female patients. In addition, we investigated if neurosteroids are altered in subjects who are APOE4 allele carriers. Allopregnanolone, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), and pregnenolone levels were determined in temporal cortex postmortem samples by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, preceded by high performance liquid chromatography (40 subjects with AD/41 cognitively intact control subjects). Allopregnanolone levels are reduced in temporal cortex in patients with AD (median 2.68 ng/g, n=40) compared to control subjects (median 5.64 ng/g, n=41), Mann-Whitney p=0.0002, and inversely correlated with Braak and Braak neuropathological disease stage (Spearman r=-0.38, p=0.0004). DHEA and pregnenolone are increased in patients with AD compared to control subjects. Patients carrying an APOE4 allele demonstrate reduced allopregnanolone levels in temporal cortex (Mann-Whitney p=0.04). In summary, our findings indicate that neurosteroids are altered in temporal cortex in patients with AD and related to neuropathological disease stage. In addition, the APOE4 allele is associated with reduced allopregnanolone levels. Neurosteroids may be relevant to the neurobiology and therapeutics of AD. PMID:20488256

Naylor, Jennifer C; Kilts, Jason D; Hulette, Christine M; Steffens, David C; Blazer, Dan G; Ervin, John F; Strauss, Jennifer L; Allen, Trina B; Massing, Mark W; Payne, Victoria M; Youssef, Nagy A; Shampine, Lawrence J; Marx, Christine E

2010-08-01

380

Treating Patients with High-Risk Smoldering Myeloma  

Cancer.gov

In this phase III clinical trial, patients with smoldering myeloma classified as high risk for progression will be randomly assigned to undergo standard observation or six 4-week courses of treatment with the drug lenalidomide.

381

Levetiracetam improves verbal memory in high-grade glioma patients  

PubMed Central

Background Treatment of high-grade glioma (HGG) patients with anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) has met with various side effects, such as cognitive deterioration. The cognitive effects of both older and newer AEDs in HGG patients are largely unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of older and newer AEDs on cognitive performance in postoperative HGG patients. Methods We selected HGG patients from 3 separate cohorts for use of older, newer, or no AEDs, as they represented distinct treatment eras and provided the opportunity to compare older and newer AEDs. In all 3 cohorts, patients were included within 6 weeks following neurosurgery before the start of postoperative treatment. Cognitive functioning was evaluated by an extensive neuropsychological assessment, executed in 6 cognitive domains (attention, executive functioning, verbal memory, working memory, psychomotor functioning, and information processing speed). Results One hundred seventeen patients met the inclusion criteria; 44 patients used no AED, 35 were on monotherapy with a newer AED (all levetiracetam), and 38 were on monotherapy with an older AED (valproic acid or phenytoin). Patients on older and newer AEDs performed equally well as patients not on an AED, and patients on levetiracetam performed even better on verbal memory tests than patients not on an AED. Post-hoc analyses revealed that within the group using older AEDs, patients on valproic acid performed better than patients on phenytoin. Conclusions Neither levetiracetam nor val