Sample records for peer reviewed journal

  1. Afterword - Why Peer Review Journals?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ellen Yi-Luen Do

    2003-01-01

    More than 50% of academic libraries' budgets are spent on peer review journal subscriptions [1]. One may wonder why these publications (often) with plain and dull covers (unlike those attractive, colorful magazines on newsstands), small subscription base and specialized readership carry such importance. The reason is simple. Publishing a journal for interested researchers, academics, and practitioners benefits the advancement of

  2. journals.tdl.org/twj An online, peer-reviewed journal

    E-print Network

    Yang, Zong-Liang

    journals.tdl.org/twj An online, peer-reviewed journal published in cooperation with the Texas Water Resources Institute http://journals.tdl.org/twj THE TEXAS WATER JOURNAL is an online, peer-reviewed journal Resources Institute Volume 1, Number 1September 2010 TEXAS WATER JOURNAL Inaugural Issue Desalination

  3. Consistency between Peer Reviewers for a Clinical Specialty Journal.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cullen, David J.; Macaulay, Anne

    1992-01-01

    Analysis of reliability among peer reviews of 422 unsolicited articles for the "Journal of Clinical Anesthesia" found that most articles' reviews were consistent or near consistent. However, articles reviewed by two of the editorial board members were much less likely to be accepted than those read by two nonmembers. (Author/MSE)

  4. Improving your journal article using feedback from peer review.

    PubMed

    Price, Bob

    2014-09-30

    While preparation of a journal article for submission may often include informal review by colleagues, an article is not accepted for publication until it has been formally peer reviewed. Peer review is the process whereby journal editors ask expert reviewers to examine the work submitted and prepare a report on its suitability for publication. Two or more revisions of the article may be required following peer review, with the author reworking the article in the light of feedback received on each occasion. This can be challenging for some authors, but used well, it offers a chance to improve the work to the required standard of the journal, and help the author present a more precise and coherent account of the arguments. The extent to which the author responds to the critical commentary of peer reviewers is important, because this may determine whether or not the article is published. This article explores the aims of peer reviewers and recommends ways in which authors can respond to the feedback provided. PMID:25249122

  5. A systematic guide for peer reviewers for a medical journal.

    PubMed

    Garfield, Joseph M; Kaye, Alan David; Kolinsky, Daniel C; Urman, Richard D

    2015-01-01

    Performing a peer review of an article under consideration for publication requires not only an understanding of the subject matter, but also a systematic approach that includes screening for conflicts of interest; determining whether the manuscript is within or outside the reviewer's area of expertise; properly classifying the manuscript; and writing a detailed, organized review. Although some journals may provide guidelines for the reviewers, the guidelines usually are not detailed and do not take into consideration the variability in reviewer experience. This article is meant to serve as a guideline for peer reviewers and provide concrete information on how to write a comprehensive, unbiased review that will serve both the author and the journal well. PMID:26062311

  6. The Relationship of Previous Training and Experience of Journal Peer Reviewers to Subsequent Review Quality

    PubMed Central

    Callaham, Michael L; Tercier, John

    2007-01-01

    Background Peer review is considered crucial to the selection and publication of quality science, but very little is known about the previous experiences and training that might identify high-quality peer reviewers. The reviewer selection processes of most journals, and thus the qualifications of their reviewers, are ill defined. More objective selection of peer reviewers might improve the journal peer review process and thus the quality of published science. Methods and Findings 306 experienced reviewers (71% of all those associated with a specialty journal) completed a survey of past training and experiences postulated to improve peer review skills. Reviewers performed 2,856 reviews of 1,484 separate manuscripts during a four-year study period, all prospectively rated on a standardized quality scale by editors. Multivariable analysis revealed that most variables, including academic rank, formal training in critical appraisal or statistics, or status as principal investigator of a grant, failed to predict performance of higher-quality reviews. The only significant predictors of quality were working in a university-operated hospital versus other teaching environment and relative youth (under ten years of experience after finishing training). Being on an editorial board and doing formal grant (study section) review were each predictors for only one of our two comparisons. However, the predictive power of all variables was weak. Conclusions Our study confirms that there are no easily identifiable types of formal training or experience that predict reviewer performance. Skill in scientific peer review may be as ill defined and hard to impart as is “common sense.” Without a better understanding of those skills, it seems unlikely journals and editors will be successful in systematically improving their selection of reviewers. This inability to predict performance makes it imperative that all but the smallest journals implement routine review ratings systems to routinely monitor the quality of their reviews (and thus the quality of the science they publish). PMID:17411314

  7. The Validity of Peer Review in a General Medicine Journal

    PubMed Central

    Jackson, Jeffrey L.; Srinivasan, Malathi; Rea, Joanna; Fletcher, Kathlyn E.; Kravitz, Richard L.

    2011-01-01

    All the opinions in this article are those of the authors and should not be construed to reflect, in any way, those of the Department of Veterans Affairs. Background Our study purpose was to assess the predictive validity of reviewer quality ratings and editorial decisions in a general medicine journal. Methods Submissions to the Journal of General Internal Medicine (JGIM) between July 2004 and June 2005 were included. We abstracted JGIM peer review quality ratings, verified the publication status of all articles and calculated an impact factor for published articles (Rw) by dividing the 3-year citation rate by the average for this group of papers; an Rw>1 indicates a greater than average impact. Results Of 507 submissions, 128 (25%) were published in JGIM, 331 rejected (128 with review) and 48 were either not resubmitted after revision was requested or were withdrawn by the author. Of 331 rejections, 243 were published elsewhere. Articles published in JGIM had a higher citation rate than those published elsewhere (Rw: 1.6 vs. 1.1, p?=?0.002). Reviewer quality ratings of article quality had good internal consistency and reviewer recommendations markedly influenced publication decisions. There was no quality rating cutpoint that accurately distinguished high from low impact articles. There was a stepwise increase in Rw for articles rejected without review, rejected after review or accepted by JGIM (Rw 0.60 vs. 0.87 vs. 1.56, p<0.0005). However, there was low agreement between reviewers for quality ratings and publication recommendations. The editorial publication decision accurately discriminated high and low impact articles in 68% of submissions. We found evidence of better accuracy with a greater number of reviewers. Conclusions The peer review process largely succeeds in selecting high impact articles and dispatching lower impact ones, but the process is far from perfect. While the inter-rater reliability between individual reviewers is low, the accuracy of sorting is improved with a greater number of reviewers. PMID:21799867

  8. Impact of peer review on reports of randomised trials published in open peer review journals: retrospective before and after study

    PubMed Central

    Collins, Gary S; Boutron, Isabelle; Yu, Ly-Mee; Cook, Jonathan; Shanyinde, Milensu; Wharton, Rose; Shamseer, Larissa; Altman, Douglas G

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effectiveness of open peer review as a mechanism to improve the reporting of randomised trials published in biomedical journals. Design Retrospective before and after study. Setting BioMed Central series medical journals. Sample 93 primary reports of randomised trials published in BMC-series medical journals in 2012. Main outcome measures Changes to the reporting of methodological aspects of randomised trials in manuscripts after peer review, based on the CONSORT checklist, corresponding peer reviewer reports, the type of changes requested, and the extent to which authors adhered to these requests. Results Of the 93 trial reports, 38% (n=35) did not describe the method of random sequence generation, 54% (n=50) concealment of allocation sequence, 50% (n=46) whether the study was blinded, 34% (n=32) the sample size calculation, 35% (n=33) specification of primary and secondary outcomes, 55% (n=51) results for the primary outcome, and 90% (n=84) details of the trial protocol. The number of changes between manuscript versions was relatively small; most involved adding new information or altering existing information. Most changes requested by peer reviewers had a positive impact on the reporting of the final manuscript—for example, adding or clarifying randomisation and blinding (n=27), sample size (n=15), primary and secondary outcomes (n=16), results for primary or secondary outcomes (n=14), and toning down conclusions to reflect the results (n=27). Some changes requested by peer reviewers, however, had a negative impact, such as adding additional unplanned analyses (n=15). Conclusion Peer reviewers fail to detect important deficiencies in reporting of the methods and results of randomised trials. The number of these changes requested by peer reviewers was relatively small. Although most had a positive impact, some were inappropriate and could have a negative impact on reporting in the final publication. PMID:24986891

  9. Peer review and journal impact factor: the two pillars of contemporary medical publishing

    PubMed Central

    Triaridis, S; Kyrgidis, A

    2010-01-01

    The appraisal of scientific quality is a particularly difficult problem. Editorial boards resort to secondary criteria including crude publication counts, journal prestige, the reputation of authors and institutions, and estimated importance and relevance of the research field, making peer review a controversial rather than a rigorous process. On this background different methods for evaluating research may become required, including citation rates and journal impact factors (IF), which are thought to be more quantitative and objective indicators, directly related to published science. The aim of this review is to go into the two pillars of contemporary medical publishing, that is the peer review process and the IF. Qualified experts' reviewing the publications appears to be the only way for the evaluation of medical publication quality. To improve and standardise the principles, procedures and criteria used in peer review evaluation is of great importance. Standardizing and improving training techniques for peer reviewers, would allow for the magnification of a journal's impact factor. This may be a very important reason that impact factor and peer review need to be analyzed simultaneously. Improving a journal's IF would be difficult without improving peer-review efficiency. Peer-reviewers need to understand the fundamental principles of contemporary medical publishing, that is peer-review and impact factors. The current supplement of the Hippokratia for supporting its seminar for reviewers will help to fulfil some of these scopes. PMID:21487485

  10. Peer review statement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2015-06-01

    All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

  11. Writing and Publishing a Research Paper in a Peer-Reviewed Journal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Stephen R.

    2007-01-01

    Writing and publishing a research paper in a peer-reviewed journal is a complicated process. This paper tries to take some of the mystery out of that process by describing how a good research paper should be structured, and how the journal submission process works.

  12. Are Peer Reviewers Encouraged to Use Reporting Guidelines? A Survey of 116 Health Research Journals

    E-print Network

    be misleading, wasteful and even harmful. Reporting guidelines are tools that in addition to helping authors prepare better manuscripts may help peer reviewers in assessing them. We examined journals' instructions of 116 journals from the McMaster list. Main outcomes were 1) identification of online instructions

  13. Peer Review Summary Document Peer Review Plan

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Summary Document (1/9/2012) Peer Review Plan http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review of Hawai`i Economic Research Organization). Peer Reviewers Expertise and Credentials Peer Reviewer #1 ­ Ph of terrestrial ecosystems in Hawaii and Pacific islands. Peer Reviewer #2 ­ Ph.D. in Botany, Emeritus Professor

  14. Peer review statement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2015-06-01

    All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

  15. Peer review statement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2015-05-01

    All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

  16. Peer Review Summary Document Peer Review Plan

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Summary Document (12/11/13) Peer Review Plan http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review.S. Dalyander, J.W. Long, N.G. Plant, and D.M. Thompson. Peer Reviewers Expertise and Credentials Reviewer #1 in Economics and Environmental Studies from Bowdoin College. The reviewer has over 30 years of experience

  17. Advancing Kinesiology through Improved Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knudson, Duane V.; Morrow, James R., Jr.; Thomas, Jerry R.

    2014-01-01

    Peer review of scholarship is essential to journal quality, evidence, knowledge advancement, and application of that knowledge in any field. This commentary summarizes recent literature on issues related to peer-review quality and current review practice in kinesiology and provides recommendations to improve peer review in kinesiology journals. We…

  18. Editorial Peer Reviewers' Recommendations at a General Medical Journal: Are They Reliable and Do Editors Care?

    PubMed Central

    Kravitz, Richard L.; Franks, Peter; Feldman, Mitchell D.; Gerrity, Martha; Byrne, Cindy; Tierney, William M.

    2010-01-01

    Background Editorial peer review is universally used but little studied. We examined the relationship between external reviewers' recommendations and the editorial outcome of manuscripts undergoing external peer-review at the Journal of General Internal Medicine (JGIM). Methodology/Principal Findings We examined reviewer recommendations and editors' decisions at JGIM between 2004 and 2008. For manuscripts undergoing peer review, we calculated chance-corrected agreement among reviewers on recommendations to reject versus accept or revise. Using mixed effects logistic regression models, we estimated intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC) at the reviewer and manuscript level. Finally, we examined the probability of rejection in relation to reviewer agreement and disagreement. The 2264 manuscripts sent for external review during the study period received 5881 reviews provided by 2916 reviewers; 28% of reviews recommended rejection. Chance corrected agreement (kappa statistic) on rejection among reviewers was 0.11 (p<.01). In mixed effects models adjusting for study year and manuscript type, the reviewer-level ICC was 0.23 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.19–0.29) and the manuscript-level ICC was 0.17 (95% CI, 0.12–0.22). The editors' overall rejection rate was 48%: 88% when all reviewers for a manuscript agreed on rejection (7% of manuscripts) and 20% when all reviewers agreed that the manuscript should not be rejected (48% of manuscripts) (p<0.01). Conclusions/Significance Reviewers at JGIM agreed on recommendations to reject vs. accept/revise at levels barely beyond chance, yet editors placed considerable weight on reviewers' recommendations. Efforts are needed to improve the reliability of the peer-review process while helping editors understand the limitations of reviewers' recommendations. PMID:20386704

  19. Language use reflects scientific methodology: A corpus-based study of peer-reviewed journal articles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shlomo Argamon; Jeff Dodick; Paul Chase

    2008-01-01

    Recently, philosophers of science have argued that the epistemological requirements of different scientific fields lead necessarily\\u000a to differences in scientific method. In this paper, we examine possible variation in how language is used in peer-reviewed\\u000a journal articles from various fields to see if features of such variation may help to elucidate and support claims of methodological\\u000a variation among the sciences.

  20. Thanking our peer reviewers

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Contributing reviewers As 2013 commences I would like to take a moment to reflect and recognize the peer reviewers that made the previous year possible. Listed below are those people who reviewed for Molecular Cancer last year. All are generous individuals who donated their time to assessing and improving our authors’ submissions. Your combined efforts have been invaluable to the editorial staff in maintaining the continued success of the journal in the Open Access forum. The editors of Molecular Cancer would like to thank all the reviewers who contributed to the journal in Volume 11 (2012) by participating in the review process - taking time out of your busy schedules and even to volunteer - without your critical insights, hard work and support for the journal we wouldn’t be able to do what we do.

  1. Calibrated Peer Review

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    What is Calibrated Peer ReviewTM? Calibrated Peer ReviewTM (CPR) (more info) is a web-based writing and peer review tool free to instructors and their classes. Students write short essays on a given topic following ...

  2. Denis White ~ Publications PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES

    E-print Network

    Jenny, Bernhard

    . The International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology 17(1):48-56. Lawler JJ, Shafer SL, White D, Environment and Urban Systems 32(2):165-171; 32(4):327 (erratum). [PDF 135 KB] Theobald DM, Stevens DL Jr

  3. Peer Review Marek J. Druzdzel

    E-print Network

    Brusilovsky, Peter

    Peer Review Marek J. Druzdzel with minor additions from Peter Brusilovsky University of Pittsburgh://www.pitt.edu/~druzdzel Peer Review Peer Review Overview · Peer review · How to do it well? · Concluding remarks #12;Peer Review Peer review Peer review is used in: 1.Publishing research results 2.Awarding of funding

  4. Student Peer Review Decisions on Submitted Manuscripts Are as Stringent as Faculty Peer Reviewers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Navalta, James W.; Lyons, T. Scott

    2010-01-01

    The "International Journal of Exercise Science" is the only student-centered peer-reviewed journal in its field. Upon graduate student first author submissions, two student reviewers and one faculty reviewer are asked to review. On professionally submitted papers, two faculty peers are asked to assess the manuscript. The purpose of the present…

  5. Peer Review of Chemistry Journal Articles: Collaboration across Disciplines

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Widanski, Bozena Barbara; Courtright-Nash, Debra

    2006-01-01

    A survey was conducted among second-year students in organic chemistry (OC) lab and first-year students in English composition (EC) to determine whether an interdisciplinary exchange and review of articles would improve students' understanding of the process of scientific research and of writing within the field of chemistry. The primary…

  6. Evaluative Language in Peer Review Referee Reports

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fortanet, Inmaculada

    2008-01-01

    Most international journals and conferences currently use the peer review system to ensure the quality of their contributions. Among the various types of peer review, the "blind" and the "anonymous" review seem to be the most common. Reviewers, or referees, usually write reports anonymously to indicate to authors what they should change in their…

  7. Re-Viewing Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flynn, Elizabeth A.

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the author revisits her essay, "Students as Readers of Their Classmates' Writing," by providing a review of the literature on peer review over the past three decades and comments on patterns she sees in waves of peer review research and theorizing. She describes her subsequent experience with peer review in her own classes, and…

  8. Knowledge Exchange records from 01/04/2013 08/07/2013 CATEGORY 2 -Peer-reviewed journal articles

    E-print Network

    Knowledge Exchange records from 01/04/2013 ­ 08/07/2013 CATEGORY 2 - Peer-reviewed journal articles://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/nrc/cjfr/2013/00000043/00000001/art00002 Bib type: A GMD: Periodical article Entered: 16/05/2013 0000008b: A GMD: Periodical article Entered: 25/06/2013 0000008b #12;Record ID 4010248 Title: Spring phenology

  9. PEER REVIEW PROGRAM

    SciTech Connect

    MOGHISSI, A ALAN; LOVE, BETTY R; STRAJA, SORIN R

    2007-09-29

    The Institute for Regulatory Science (RS) and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) jointly estab lished a peer-review program. As the program evolved, four types of review were established. A process for stakeholder participation in peer review eetings was also developed. While a committee established by the ASME provided oversight to the peer-review process, the RSI managed the day-to-day operations of peer review panels. In addition to the reports resulting from peer review of specific projects, several documents were prepared to facilitate the review process, all of which were widely distributed.

  10. Publication Rates of Public Health Theses in International and National Peer-Review Journals in Turkey

    PubMed Central

    Sipahi, H; Durusoy, R; Ergin, I; Hassoy, H; Davas, A; Karababa, AO

    2012-01-01

    Background: Thesis is an important part of specialisation and doctorate education and requires intense work. The aim of this study was to investigate the publication rates of Turkish Public Health Doctorate Theses (PHDT) and Public Health Specialization (PHST) theses in international and Turkish national peer-review journals and to analyze the distribution of research areas. Methods: List of all theses upto 30 September 2009 were retrieved from theses database of the Council of Higher Education of the Republic of Turkey. The publication rates of these theses were found by searching PubMed, Science Citation Index-Expanded, Turkish Academic Network and Information Center (ULAKBIM) Turkish Medical Database, and Turkish Medline databases for the names of thesis author and mentor. The theses which were published in journals indexed either in PubMed or SCI-E were considered as international publications. Results: Our search yielded a total of 538 theses (243 PHDT, 295 PHST). It was found that the overall publication rate in Turkish national journals was 18%. The overall publication rate in international journals was 11.9%. Overall the most common research area was occupational health. Conclusion: Publication rates of Turkish PHDT and PHST are low. A better understanding of factors affecting this publication rate is important for public health issues where national data is vital for better intervention programs and develop better public health policies. PMID:23193503

  11. NASA Product Peer Review Process

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jenks, Ken

    2009-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation describes NASA's product peer review process. The contents include: 1) Inspection/Peer Review at NASA; 2) Reasons for product peer reviews; 3) Different types of peer reviews; and 4) NASA requirements for peer reviews. This presentation also includes a demonstration of an actual product peer review.

  12. Responsible authorship and peer review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James R. Wilson

    2002-01-01

    In this article the basic principles of responsible authorship and peer review are surveyed, with special emphasis on (a)\\u000a guidelines for refereeing archival journal articles and proposals; and (b) how these guidelines should be taken into account\\u000a at all stages of writing.

  13. The distribution of forensic journals, reflections on authorship practices, peer-review and role of the impact factor.

    PubMed

    Jones, Alan Wayne

    2007-01-17

    This article presents information about journals specializing in the forensic sciences and legal medicine, their development and distribution and their current status as reflected in the journal impact factor. The first scientific journal devoted to spreading information and reporting new developments in social and legal medicine seemingly originated in Germany about 150 years ago. The official journal of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Journal of Forensic Sciences, JFS) was founded in 1956 and has enjoyed 50 years of scholarly publishing. The two leading European journals specializing in forensics are Forensic Science International (FSI) and International Journal of Legal Medicine (IJLM). Besides the size of the circulation, the readership numbers, the quality of the editorial staff and the peer-reviewers, the number of submitted and accepted manuscripts, considerable interest has focused on the journal's impact factor as a measure of prestige. The 2006 impact factor of a certain journal is derived by counting the number of citations in 2006 to all material published in the journal in the previous 2 years (2004 and 2005) and dividing this total by the number of citable items (articles and reviews) published in the same 2 years. Impact factors for several thousand scientific journals are compiled and published by a company called Thomson Institute for Scientific Information (Thomson ISI) and are available on-line via the database Journal Citation Reports. Forensic journals are grouped within the subject category Medicine, Legal, which currently comprises nine journals a few of which are seemingly unrelated to mainstream forensics. The top-ranked forensic journal in terms of its impact factor was IJLM with a score of just over 2.0 in 2004. This means that the average article published in 2003 and 2002 was cited twice per year in the 2-year window after publication. Impact factors of forensic journals are fairly low in comparison with many other disciplines, probably because of the small size of the field, fewer active researchers and less pressure to publish. The relatively low impact factors of forensic journals should be less of a concern than ensuring that manuscripts receive a rigorous and preferably an open peer-review prior to acceptance for publication. The information, conclusions and opinions published in forensic science journals might one day be proffered as evidence in criminal or civil litigation. PMID:16784827

  14. Peer Review Groups Peer Review Forms due: Tuesday, December 2

    E-print Network

    Glaz, Sarah

    MATH 2720W Fall 2014 Sarah Glaz Peer Review Groups Peer Review Forms due: Tuesday, December 2, peer review comments for each paper assigned to you need to be done on the Peer-Review forms. A Word file of the Peer-Review form may be downloaded from the course's webpage. We will work-shop the drafts

  15. A 5-Year Analysis of Peer-Reviewed Journal Article Publications of Pharmacy Practice Faculty Members

    PubMed Central

    Spivey, Christina; Martin, Jennifer R.; Wyles, Christina; Ehrman, Clara; Schlesselman, Lauren S.

    2012-01-01

    Objectives. To evaluate scholarship, as represented by peer-reviewed journal articles, among US pharmacy practice faculty members; contribute evidence that may better inform benchmarking by academic pharmacy practice departments; and examine factors that may be related to publication rates. Methods. Journal articles published by all pharmacy practice faculty members between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2010, were identified. College and school publication rates were compared based on public vs. private status, being part of a health science campus, having a graduate program, and having doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) faculty members funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Results. Pharmacy practice faculty members published 6,101 articles during the 5-year study period, and a pharmacy practice faculty member was the primary author on 2,698 of the articles. Pharmacy practice faculty members published an average of 0.51 articles per year. Pharmacy colleges and schools affiliated with health science campuses, at public institutions, with NIH-funded PharmD faculty members, and with graduate programs had significantly higher total publication rates compared with those that did not have these characteristics (p<0.006). Conclusion. Pharmacy practice faculty members contributed nearly 6,000 unique publications over the 5-year period studied. However, this reflects a rate of less than 1 publication per faculty member per year, suggesting that a limited number of faculty members produced the majority of publications. PMID:23049099

  16. Submission of scientifically sound and ethical manuscripts to peer-reviewed journals - a reviewer's personal perspective on bioanalytical publications.

    PubMed

    Weng, Naidong

    2012-11-01

    In the pharmaceutical industry, bioanalysis is very dynamic and is probably one of the few fields of research covering the entire drug discovery, development and post-marketing process. Important decisions on drug safety can partially rely on bioanalytical data, which therefore can be subject to regulatory scrutiny. Bioanalytical scientists have historically contributed significant numbers of scientific manuscripts in many peer-reviewed analytical journals. All of these journals provide some high-level instructions, but they also leave sufficient flexibility for reviewers to perform independent critique and offer recommendations for each submitted manuscript. Reviewers play a pivotal role in the process of bioanalytical publication to ensure the publication of high-quality manuscripts in a timely fashion. Their efforts usually lead to improved manuscripts. However, it has to be a joint effort among authors, reviewers and editors to promote scientifically sound and ethically fair bioanalytical publications. Most of the submitted manuscripts were well written with only minor or moderate revisions required for further improvement. Nevertheless, there were small numbers of submitted manuscripts that did not meet the requirements for publications because of scientific or ethical deficiencies, which are discussed in this Letter to the Editor. PMID:22987619

  17. Impartial Judgment by the “Gatekeepers” of Science: Fallibility and Accountability in the Peer Review Process

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mohammadreza Hojat; Joseph S. Gonnella; Addeane S. Caelleigh

    2003-01-01

    High publication demands and the low acceptance rate of peer review journals place the journal editors and their reviewers in a powerful position. Journal reviewers have a vital role not only in influencing the journal editor's publication decisions, but also in the very nature and direction of scientific research. Because of their influence in peer review outcomes, journal reviewers are

  18. Peer Review of Teaching

    PubMed Central

    Fernandez, Charles E.; Yu, Jenny

    2007-01-01

    This article provides an overview and description of peer review of teaching for faculty members and administrators who would like to implement a peer review program. This may include classroom and clinical settings. A brief overview, procedure, and a teaching competence evaluation rubric are provided PMID:18483580

  19. Training for Peer Review

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Nancy R. Gough (American Association for the Advancement of Science; Science Signaling REV)

    2009-08-25

    Learning the peer-review process by trial and error may not be the most effective way to train the next generation of scientists in how to be effective reviewers. Here are some suggestions from an editor's perspective.

  20. Step 3: Peer Review

    Cancer.gov

    The NIH peer review system consists of two sequential levels of review mandated in 1974 by Section 475 of the Public Health Service Act. This dual review process provides a more objective evaluation than a single level of peer review by guaranteeing that the members of the scientific research community evaluate the projects scientific and technical merit. The goal of the system is to provide the responsible NIH official with the best advice available regarding both scientific and societal values and needs.

  1. Human-Wildlife Interactions HumanWildlife Interactions (ISSN 2155-3858) is a peer-reviewed journal published two times a year by the

    E-print Network

    Human-Wildlife Interactions Human­Wildlife Interactions (ISSN 2155-3858) is a peer-reviewed journal is available at www.BerrymanInstitute. org. Prior to 2010, the journal was named Human­Wildlife Conflicts. ©2012 Jack H. Berryman Institute. Material appearing in Human­Wildlife Interactions may

  2. Licensing the future: report on BioMed Central's public consultation on open data in peer-reviewed journals.

    PubMed

    Hrynaszkiewicz, Iain; Busch, Stefan; Cockerill, Matthew J

    2013-01-01

    We report the outcomes of BioMed Central's public consultation on implementing open data-compliant licensing in peer-reviewed open access journals. Respondents (42) to the 2012 consultation were six to one in favor (29 in support; 5 against; 8 abstentions) of changing our authors' default open access copyright license agreement, to introduce the Creative Commons CC0 public domain waiver for data published in BioMed Central's journals. We summarize the different questions we received in response to the consultation and our responses to them - matters such as citation, plagiarism, patient privacy, and commercial use were raised. In light of the support for open data in our journals we outline our plans to implement, in September 2013, a combined Creative Commons Attribution license for published articles (papers) and Creative Commons CC0 waiver for published data. PMID:23962139

  3. Marketing Academics' Perceptions of the Peer Review Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, Charles D.; Hair, Joe F.; Hermanson, Dana R.; Crittenden, Victoria L.

    2012-01-01

    Publication in refereed journals is critical to career success for most marketing faculty members, and the peer review process is the gatekeeper for a refereed journal. The study reported here examines marketing academics' perceptions of this peer review process. Based on responses from 653 marketing academics, we find favorable overall…

  4. Methodologies of Peer and Editorial Review: Changing Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Selfe, Cynthia; Hawisher, Gail

    2012-01-01

    The authors--drawing on their varied experiences as authors and publishers of a journal and several book series--provide a historical review and consideration of peer review in publishing. They find that scholarly peer review, from the question of signed reviews to the practices of digital publications, is in the midst of change, but that at the…

  5. Knowledge Exchange records from 01/04/2013 31/03/2014 CATEGORY 2 -Peer-reviewed journal articles (38 records)

    E-print Network

    Knowledge Exchange records from 01/04/2013 ­ 31/03/2014 CATEGORY 2 - Peer-reviewed journal articles/00000043/00000001/art000 02 Bib type: A GMD: Periodical article Entered: 16/05/2013 0000008b Updated: 25/06/2013 0000008 an evolutionary process and allowing generation turnover in the forest. Bib type: A GMD: Periodical article

  6. Knowledge Exchange records from 01/04/2013 20/01/2014 CATEGORY 2 -Peer-reviewed journal articles (31 records)

    E-print Network

    Knowledge Exchange records from 01/04/2013 ­ 20/01/2014 CATEGORY 2 - Peer-reviewed journal articles/00000043/00000001/art000 02 Bib type: A GMD: Periodical article Entered: 16/05/2013 0000008b Updated: 25/06/2013 0000008 an evolutionary process and allowing generation turnover in the forest. Bib type: A GMD: Periodical article

  7. American Journal of Public Health | Supplement 1, 2010, Vol. 100, No. S1S56 | Public Health Then and Now | Peer Reviewed | Wilson PUBLIC HEALTH THEN AND NOW

    E-print Network

    Martinez, Tony R.

    American Journal of Public Health | Supplement 1, 2010, Vol. 100, No. S1S56 | Public Health Then and Now | Peer Reviewed | Wilson PUBLIC HEALTH THEN AND NOW THE UNION ARMY PENSION system was the nation system and, finally, into a broad- based old-age pension for almost all Union Army veterans. Indeed

  8. CARD No. 27 Peer Review

    E-print Network

    CARD No. 27 Peer Review 27.A.1 BACKGROUND The Compliance Criteria require DOE to conduct peer review of certain elements of the WIPP so that others working in the field of radioactive waste disposal Certification Application (CCA) (61 FR 5228). EPA imposed specific requirements for the conduct of peer review

  9. The new peer review.

    PubMed Central

    Kohane, I. S.; Altman, R. B.

    2000-01-01

    It is widely recognized that the Internet has fundamentally changed the dynamics of publication, and in particular, it is clear that there is no effective way to control the release of any web-based publication. The scientific and lay literature is now accessible to the public with unprecedented ease Recent proposals to start a life sciences online repository of preprints highlights the trend towards "publish first, review later" that seems to be emerging. Does this mean that the peer review process is dead? It certainly suggests that there is a need for a change in how the process works. We discuss currently available technologies to enable the implementation of new, distributed peer review process benefiting multiple user communities. PMID:11079920

  10. Student peer review decisions on submitted manuscripts are as stringent as faculty peer reviewers

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2010-10-01

    The International Journal of Exercise Science is the only student-centered peer-reviewed journal in its field. Upon graduate student first author submissions, two student reviewers and one faculty reviewer are asked to review. On professionally submitted papers, two faculty peers are asked to assess the manuscript. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether graduate students returned similar decisions compared with faculty reviewers who evaluated the same manuscript. In addition, decisions of faculty peers reviewing graduate student- versus faculty-submitted manuscripts were compared. Mean comparisons between groups were evaluated using independent t-tests with significance at P ? 0.05. Graduate students (2.21 ± 0.69) and faculty peers (2.24 ± 0.66) returned similar decisions on student-submitted manuscripts (P = 0.84). Faculty decisions on manuscripts submitted by a professional primary author (1.86 ± 0.77) were not different compared with faculty peers reviewing student manuscripts (P = 0.06). Statistics revealed that graduate students are just as stringent in the peer review process as established reviewers. Additionally, faculty reviewers evaluated manuscripts equally regardless of submission type.

  11. [Double-blind peer review].

    PubMed

    Fenyvesi, Tamás

    2002-02-01

    The peer review process in medical sciences is much debated. The method is not yet evidence based. Who are the reviewers and how do they perform? They are "independent" experts. As such they are bound to be involved in research similar to that outlined in the manuscript. Very often they are contestant in the same race. That is why the author consider the double blind method, where the author is blinded and the reviewer masked from each other's identity, the best choice. Nevertheless in very many scientific journals of high quality and envied impact factors do not blind the identity of the authors. Science is a race for fame, self accomplishment and also a means to get grants for pursuing the scientific research. Only success is able to provide resources for expensive scientific research. There is no fail-safe method against bias in grant giving and editorial process. In the tidal wave of electronic information it is mandatory to help in differentiating between signal and noise in science. Peer review is the best method to protect readers from the trash of uncontrolled publications in medical science. PMID:11875838

  12. What is it? The Process Reviewing How-To The Peer Review Process

    E-print Network

    Stockie, John

    What is it? The Process Reviewing How-To The Peer Review Process John Stockie CFD Group Meeting September 16, 2013 Academic Journal Publishing John Stockie ­ SFU 1/20 #12;What is it? The Process Reviewing. This paper will go through a peer review process. Once published, you will eventually be asked to review

  13. ForPeerReview PUBLIC ACCEPTANCE OF OFFSHORE WIND POWER

    E-print Network

    Firestone, Jeremy

    ForPeerReview PUBLIC ACCEPTANCE OF OFFSHORE WIND POWER PROJECTS IN THE UNITED STATES Journal: Wind, Andrew; Minerals Management Service Keywords: offshore wind power, public opinion, social acceptancePeerReview 1 PUBLIC ACCEPTANCE OF OFFSHORE WIND POWER PROJECTS IN THE UNITED STATES Jeremy Firestone*, Willett

  14. Involving students in peer review

    E-print Network

    Pearce, Jon

    Involving students in peer review Case studies and practical strategies for university teaching Jon, distribution and use by other institutions, with appropriate acknowledgement. Available in electronic form from......................................................................................................................................................2 1. WHAT IS STUDENT PEER REVIEW? A CONCISE REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE....................3 BENEFITS

  15. 11/13/14, 6:38 PM"Crappy Gabor paper": Overly honest citation slips into peer-reviewed journal Ethology. Page 1 of 7http://www.slate.com/blogs/future_tense/2014/11/11/_crappy_gabor_paper_overly_honest_citation_slips_into_peer_reviewed_journal.html

    E-print Network

    Tomforde, Mark

    Ethology. Page 1 of 7http://www.slate.com/blogs/future_tense/2014/11/11/_crappy_gabor_paper and editing mistakes are common on blogs and even in print newspapers, where reporters and editors are working into peer-reviewed journal Ethology. Page 2 of 7http://www.slate.com/blogs/future_tense/2014/11/11/_crappy

  16. 48 CFR 201.170 - Peer reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Peer reviews. 201.170 Section 201.170 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE...REGULATIONS SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance 201.170 Peer reviews. (a) DoD peer reviews....

  17. ForPeerReview Parasitology

    E-print Network

    Breitling, Rainer

    ForPeerReview Parasitology #12;ForPeerReview 1 THE SILICON Faculty of Biomolecular and Life Sciences and Wellcome Centre of Molecular Parasitology, University. M. Bakker, phone: +31 (0) 50 361 1542, e-mail: b.m.bakker@med.umcg.nl Page 1 of 22 Parasitology #12

  18. Peer Review Summary (5/13/2014)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Summary (5/13/2014) Peer Review Plan http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review, by Peter C. Van Metre and Barbara J. Mahler. Peer Reviewers' Expertise and Credentials Reviewer #1 and Environmental Engineering. The reviewer's USGS research has focused primarily on water-quality investigations

  19. Should Biomedical Publishing Be “Opened Up”? Toward a Values-Based Peer-Review Process

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wendy Lipworth; Ian H. Kerridge; Stacy M. Carter; Miles Little

    Peer review of manuscripts for biomedical journals has become a subject of intense ethical debate. One of the most contentious\\u000a issues is whether or not peer review should be anonymous. This study aimed to generate a rich, empirically-grounded understanding\\u000a of the values held by journal editors and peer reviewers with a view to informing journal policy. Qualitative methods were\\u000a used

  20. ForPeerReview No boundaries: genomes, organisms, and ecological

    E-print Network

    Etges, William J.

    for divergence and reproductive isolation. Journal: Journal of Heredity Manuscript ID: JOH-2014-006.R1 Manuscript http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/joh Manuscripts submitted to Journal of Heredity #12;ForPeerReview 1 to Journal of Heredity 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32

  1. Coherent measures of the impact of co-authors in peer review journals and in proceedings publications

    E-print Network

    Ausloos, Marcel

    2015-01-01

    This paper focuses on the coauthor effect in different types of publications, usually not equally respected in measuring research impact. {\\it A priori} unexpected relationships are found between the total coauthor core value, $m_a$, of a leading investigator (LI), and the related values for their publications in either peer review journals ($j$) or in proceedings ($p$). A surprisingly linear relationship is found: $ m_a^{(j)} + 0.4\\;m_a^{(p)} = m_a^{(jp)} $. Furthermore, another relationship is found concerning the measure of the total number of citations, $A_a$, i.e. the surface of the citation size-rank histogram up to $m_a$. Another linear relationship exists : $A_a^{(j)} + 1.36\\; A_a^{(p)} = A_a^{(jp)} $. These empirical findings coefficients (0.4 and 1.36) are supported by considerations based on an empirical power law found between the number of joint publications of an author and the rank of a coauthor. Moreover, a simple power law relationship is found between $m_a$ and the number ($r_M$) of coauthor...

  2. Thinking Collaboratively about the Peer-Review Process for Journal-Article Publication

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kumashiro, Kevin K.

    2005-01-01

    In this conversation, Kevin K. Kumashiro shares his reflections on challenges to publishing anti-oppressive research in educational journals. He then invites eight current and former editors of leading educational research journals--William F. Pinar, Elizabeth Graue, Carl A. Grant, Maenette K. P. Benham, Ronald H. Heck, James Joseph Scheurich,…

  3. The Importance of Peer Review: Thoughts on Knudson, Morrow, and Thomas (2014)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fischman, Mark G.

    2014-01-01

    Knudson, Morrow, and Thomas (2014) recently summarized a number of important issues related to the quality of peer review and current peer-review practice in kinesiology. This writer endorses their six recommendations for improving peer review in kinesiology journals. The purpose of this commentary is to further highlight the importance of…

  4. ForPeerReview SMC Framework in Motion Control Systems

    E-print Network

    Yanikoglu, Berrin

    ForPeerReview SMC Framework in Motion Control Systems Journal: International Journal of Adaptive, Mechatronics Keywords: Motion Control, Sliding Mode Control, Bilateral Control , Interconnected Systems http acsauth.cls [Version: 2002/11/11 v1.00] SMC Framework in Motion Control Systems A. S¸abanovi¸c Sabanci

  5. ForPeerReview Information Surfing for Radiation Map Building

    E-print Network

    ForPeerReview Information Surfing for Radiation Map Building Journal: The International Journal of information surfing, where navigation is done by following information gradients, taking into account sensing metric facilitates the stability of the group motion. Information surfing allows for reactive mobile

  6. Licensing the future: report on BioMed Central’s public consultation on open data in peer-reviewed journals

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    We report the outcomes of BioMed Central’s public consultation on implementing open data-compliant licensing in peer-reviewed open access journals. Respondents (42) to the 2012 consultation were six to one in favor (29 in support; 5 against; 8 abstentions) of changing our authors’ default open access copyright license agreement, to introduce the Creative Commons CC0 public domain waiver for data published in BioMed Central’s journals. We summarize the different questions we received in response to the consultation and our responses to them – matters such as citation, plagiarism, patient privacy, and commercial use were raised. In light of the support for open data in our journals we outline our plans to implement, in September 2013, a combined Creative Commons Attribution license for published articles (papers) and Creative Commons CC0 waiver for published data. PMID:23962139

  7. ForPeerReview Variable Irrigation District Action in Water Trading

    E-print Network

    Griffin, Ronald

    ForPeerReview Variable Irrigation District Action in Water Trading Journal: Journal of the American, Agricultural Economics Griffin, Ronald; Texas A&M University, Agricultural Economics Key Terms: Irrigation Districts, Water transfer, Water right, Rio Grand Valley, irrigation

  8. NHEERL'S PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES, 2001-2002, TOTAL = 188 (LIST D)

    EPA Science Inventory

    This report contains an attachment in Field 14 listing the citations for all of NHEERL's journal articles published during the period June 2001 through May 2002. The report is broken down by NHEERL Division, and it includes manuscripts that have undergone clearance (but have not...

  9. NHEERL'S PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES, 2002-2003, TOTAL = 277 (LIST D)

    EPA Science Inventory

    This report contains an attachment in Field 14 listing the citations for all of NHEERL's journal articles for the period June 2002 through the first of May 2003. The report includes manuscripts that have undergone clearance (but have not yet been published) during this reporting...

  10. The Dedisciplining of Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frodeman, Robert; Briggle, Adam

    2012-01-01

    The demand for greater public accountability is changing the nature of ex ante peer review at public science agencies worldwide. Based on a four year research project, this essay examines these changes through an analysis of the process of grant proposal review at two US public science agencies, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the…

  11. A quick guide to writing a solid peer review

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nicholas, Kimberly A.; Gordon, Wendy S.

    2011-07-01

    Scientific integrity and consensus rely on the peer review process, a defining feature of scientific discourse that subjects the literature forming the foundation of credible knowledge in a scientific field to rigorous scrutiny. However, there is surprisingly little training in graduate school on how to develop this essential skill [Zimmerman et al., 2011] or discussion of best practices to ensure that reviewers at all levels efficiently provide the most useful review. Even more challenging for the novice peer reviewer is that journals also vary widely in their review guidelines. Nonetheless, the goals of peer review are crystal clear: to ensure the accuracy and improve the quality of published literature through constructive criticism. To make the peer review process as efficient and productive as possible, you may want to consider a few useful approaches to tackling major steps throughout your review, from contemplating a review request and reading and assessing the manuscript to writing the review and interacting with the journal's editors (see Figure 1). These tips are particularly relevant for graduate students or other first-time reviewers, but they may also be useful to experienced reviewers and to journal editors seeking to enhance their publication's processes.

  12. Journal of Peer Production New perspectives on the implications of peer production for social change

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . Keywords: Peer-to-peer, architecture, innovation, Internet-based services, distribution Francesca Musiani to their underlying peer-to-peer architecture in itself. Yet, this argument raises new and interesting methodologicalJournal of Peer Production New perspectives on the implications of peer production for social

  13. Peer Reviewers Learn from Giving Comments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cho, Young Hoan; Cho, Kwangsu

    2011-01-01

    Research on peer reviewing has revealed that comments received from peer reviewers are helpful when it comes to making revisions in an individual's writing, but the role of providing comments to peer writers has been little explored despite the potential value of such research. In this study, we explored how student reviewers learn by reviewing

  14. 28 CFR 34.105 - Peer review methods.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Peer review methods. 34.105 Section 34.105 Judicial...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.105 Peer review methods. (a)...

  15. 28 CFR 34.105 - Peer review methods.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Peer review methods. 34.105 Section 34.105 Judicial...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.105 Peer review methods. (a)...

  16. 28 CFR 34.105 - Peer review methods.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Peer review methods. 34.105 Section 34.105 Judicial...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.105 Peer review methods. (a)...

  17. 28 CFR 34.105 - Peer review methods.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Peer review methods. 34.105 Section 34.105 Judicial...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.105 Peer review methods. (a)...

  18. 28 CFR 34.105 - Peer review methods.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Peer review methods. 34.105 Section 34.105 Judicial...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.105 Peer review methods. (a)...

  19. 7 CFR 550.17 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Agreements § 550.17 Peer review. Upon request of the REE Agency, cooperators may be requested to provide documentation...be requested to participate in peer review forums to assist the REE Agency in their...

  20. 7 CFR 550.17 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Agreements § 550.17 Peer review. Upon request of the REE Agency, cooperators may be requested to provide documentation...be requested to participate in peer review forums to assist the REE Agency in their...

  1. 7 CFR 550.17 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Agreements § 550.17 Peer review. Upon request of the REE Agency, cooperators may be requested to provide documentation...be requested to participate in peer review forums to assist the REE Agency in their...

  2. 7 CFR 550.17 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Agreements § 550.17 Peer review. Upon request of the REE Agency, cooperators may be requested to provide documentation...be requested to participate in peer review forums to assist the REE Agency in their...

  3. 7 CFR 550.17 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Agreements § 550.17 Peer review. Upon request of the REE Agency, cooperators may be requested to provide documentation...be requested to participate in peer review forums to assist the REE Agency in their...

  4. 45 CFR 1388.9 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES, DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES PROGRAM THE UNIVERSITY AFFILIATED PROGRAMS § 1388.9 Peer review. (a) The purpose of the peer review process is to provide the...

  5. 45 CFR 1388.9 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES, DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES PROGRAM THE UNIVERSITY AFFILIATED PROGRAMS § 1388.9 Peer review. (a) The purpose of the peer review process is to provide the...

  6. 45 CFR 1388.9 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES, DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES PROGRAM THE UNIVERSITY AFFILIATED PROGRAMS § 1388.9 Peer review. (a) The purpose of the peer review process is to provide the...

  7. 45 CFR 1388.9 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES, DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES PROGRAM THE UNIVERSITY AFFILIATED PROGRAMS § 1388.9 Peer review. (a) The purpose of the peer review process is to provide the...

  8. Peer Review Guidelines and Form Peer Review Forms due: Tuesday, December 2

    E-print Network

    Glaz, Sarah

    MATH 2720W Fall 2014 Sarah Glaz Peer Review Guidelines and Form Peer Review Forms due: Tuesday, December 2 Here are some general guidelines for peer review: Read the paper through twice. First, get the general sense of the paper, and then read it to answer (in writing) the questions on the peer review form

  9. Peer Review As part of the overall evaluation process for faculty members, standing peer review

    E-print Network

    Gering, Jon C.

    Peer Review As part of the overall evaluation process for faculty members, standing peer review, scholarship, and service. Peer review committees may be established at the discipline and/or at the division level (interdisciplinary). Peer review committees will consist of at least five tenured faculty members

  10. Teaching Peer Review and the Process of Scientific Writing

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dr. William H. Guilford (University of Virginia Department of Biomedical Engineering)

    2002-01-25

    Many undergraduate and graduate students understand neither the process of scientific writing nor the significance of peer review. In response, some instructors have created writing assignments that teach or mimic parts of the scientific publishing process. However, none fully reproduced peer review and revision of papers together with the writing and publishing process from research to final, accepted draft. In addition, most have been instituted at the graduate rather than undergraduate level. We present a detailed method for teaching undergraduate students the full scientific publishing process, including anonymous peer review, during the process of writing a "term paper." The result is a review article in the format for submission to a major scientific journal. This method has been implemented in the course Cell and Molecular Biology for Engineers at the University of Virginia. Use of this method resulted in improved grades, much higher quality in the final manuscript, greater objectivity in grading, and improved understanding of the importance of peer review.

  11. Planning for Peer Review of Teaching

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Victoria Mundy

    1999-01-01

    Peer review of teaching can help departments improve their treatment of teaching as disciplinary scholarship. Peer review encourages collegial discussion about teaching and creates a framework for thorough evaluation of teaching. The authors of this article reviewed literature that describes the benefits of peer review, and that which describes steps for implementing departmental peer review programs. The benefits of a well-designed, well-implemented system of peer review include improved teaching, elevated morale and productivity, and closer working relationships in a department. Steps to creating an effective, beneficial peer review program include describing the goals of the program, describing good teaching in a department, crafting clear and equitable review procedures, training reviewers, finding opportunities for teachers to learn new instructional techniques, and rewarding participation. Communication, trust, and integrity are key ingredients of successful peer review of teaching.

  12. Mn/DOT's Project Peer Review

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    Mn/DOT's Project Management Peer Review Creating a Project Management Culture 2010 CTS Research and perspectives ·Peer Review Process and Results ·Construction Industry Perspective ·Next Steps ·Q & A #12;Why a Peer Review? Why Project Management? ·Improve project delivery performance ­ on time, on budget (an

  13. Reviewing post-publication peer review

    PubMed Central

    Knoepfler, Paul

    2015-01-01

    Post-publication peer review (PPPR) is transforming how the life sciences community evaluates published manuscripts and data. Unsurprisingly, however, PPPR is experiencing growing pains, and some elements of the process distinct from standard pre-publication review remain controversial. I discuss the rapid evolution of PPPR, its impact, and the challenges associated with it. PMID:25851694

  14. Peer review versus editorial review and their role in innovative science.

    PubMed

    Steinhauser, Georg; Adlassnig, Wolfram; Risch, Jesaka Ahau; Anderlini, Serena; Arguriou, Petros; Armendariz, Aaron Zolen; Bains, William; Baker, Clark; Barnes, Martin; Barnett, Jonathan; Baumgartner, Michael; Baumgartner, Thomas; Bendall, Charles A; Bender, Yvonne S; Bichler, Max; Biermann, Teresa; Bini, Ronaldo; Blanco, Eduardo; Bleau, John; Brink, Anthony; Brown, Darin; Burghuber, Christopher; Calne, Roy; Carter, Brian; Castańo, Cesar; Celec, Peter; Celis, Maria Eugenia; Clarke, Nicky; Cockrell, David; Collins, David; Coogan, Brian; Craig, Jennifer; Crilly, Cal; Crowe, David; Csoka, Antonei B; Darwich, Chaza; Del Kebos, Topiciprin; Derinaldi, Michele; Dlamini, Bongani; Drewa, Tomasz; Dwyer, Michael; Eder, Fabienne; de Palma, Raúl Ehrichs; Esmay, Dean; Rött, Catherine Evans; Exley, Christopher; Falkov, Robin; Farber, Celia Ingrid; Fearn, William; Felsmann, Sophie; Flensmark, Jarl; Fletcher, Andrew K; Foster, Michaela; Fountoulakis, Kostas N; Fouratt, Jim; Blanca, Jesus Garcia; Sotelo, Manuel Garrido; Gittler, Florian; Gittler, Georg; Gomez, Juan; Gomez, Juan F; Polar, Maria Grazia Gonzales; Gonzalez, Jossina; Gösselsberger, Christoph; Habermacher, Lynn; Hajek, Michael; Hakala, Faith; Haliburton, Mary-Sue; Hankins, John Robert; Hart, Jason; Hasslberger, Sepp; Hennessey, Donalyn; Herrmann, Andrea; Hersee, Mike; Howard, Connie; Humphries, Suzanne; Isharc, Laeeth; Ivanovski, Petar; Jenuth, Stephen; Jerndal, Jens; Johnson, Christine; Keleta, Yonas; Kenny, Anna; Kidd, Billie; Kohle, Fritz; Kolahi, Jafar; Koller-Peroutka, Marianne; Kostova, Lyubov; Kumar, Arunachalam; Kurosawa, Alejandro; Lance, Tony; Lechermann, Michael; Lendl, Bernhard; Leuchters, Michael; Lewis, Evan; Lieb, Edward; Lloyd, Gloria; Losek, Angelika; Lu, Yao; Maestracci, Saadia; Mangan, Dennis; Mares, Alberto W; Barnett, Juan Mazar; McClain, Valerie; McNair, John Sydney; Michael, Terry; Miller, Lloyd; Monzani, Partizia; Moran, Belen; Morris, Mike; Mößmer, Georg; Mountain, Johny; Phuthe, Onnie Mary Moyo; Muńoz, Marcos; Nakken, Sheri; Wambui, Anne Nduta; Neunteufl, Bettina; Nikoli?, Dimitrije; Oberoi, Devesh V; Obmode, Gregory; Ogar, Laura; Ohara, Jo; Rybine, Naion Olej; Owen, Bryan; Owen, Kim Wilson; Parikh, Rakesh; Pearce, Nicholas J G; Pemmer, Bernhard; Piper, Chris; Prince, Ian; Reid, Terence; Rindermann, Heiner; Risch, Stefan; Robbins, Josh; Roberts, Seth; Romero, Ajeandro; Rothe, Michael Thaddäus; Ruiz, Sergio; Sacher, Juliane; Sackl, Wolfgang; Salletmaier, Markus; Sanand, Jairaj; Sauerzopf, Clemens; Schwarzgruber, Thomas; Scott, David; Seegers, Laura; Seppi, David; Shields, Kyle; Siller-Matula, Jolanta; Singh, Beldeu; Sithole, Sibusio; Six, Florian; Skoyles, John R; Slofstra, Jildou; Sole, Daphne Anne; Sommer, Werner F; Sonko, Mels; Starr-Casanova, Chrislie J; Steakley, Marjorie Elizabeth; Steinhauser, Wolfgang; Steinhoff, Konstantin; Sterba, Johannes H; Steppan, Martin; Stindl, Reinhard; Stokely, Joe; Stokely, Karri; St-Pierre, Gilles; Stratford, James; Streli, Christina; Stryg, Carl; Sullivan, Mike; Summhammer, Johann; Tadesse, Amhayes; Tavares, David; Thompson, Laura; Tomlinson, Alison; Tozer, Jack; Trevisanato, Siro I; Trimmel, Michaela; Turner, Nicole; Vahur, Paul; van der Byl, Jennie; van der Maas, Tine; Varela, Leo; Vega, Carlos A; Vermaak, Shiloh; Villasenor, Alex; Vogel, Matt; von Wintzigerode, Georg; Wagner, Christoph; Weinberger, Manuel; Weinberger, Peter; Wilson, Nick; Wolfe, Jennifer Finocchio; Woodley, Michael A; Young, Ian; Zuraw, Glenn; Zwiren, Nicole

    2012-10-01

    Peer review is a widely accepted instrument for raising the quality of science. Peer review limits the enormous unstructured influx of information and the sheer amount of dubious data, which in its absence would plunge science into chaos. In particular, peer review offers the benefit of eliminating papers that suffer from poor craftsmanship or methodological shortcomings, especially in the experimental sciences. However, we believe that peer review is not always appropriate for the evaluation of controversial hypothetical science. We argue that the process of peer review can be prone to bias towards ideas that affirm the prior convictions of reviewers and against innovation and radical new ideas. Innovative hypotheses are thus highly vulnerable to being "filtered out" or made to accord with conventional wisdom by the peer review process. Consequently, having introduced peer review, the Elsevier journal Medical Hypotheses may be unable to continue its tradition as a radical journal allowing discussion of improbable or unconventional ideas. Hence we conclude by asking the publisher to consider re-introducing the system of editorial review to Medical Hypotheses. PMID:23054375

  15. Publications Peer Reviewed Papers

    E-print Network

    Forney, Larry J.

    ). The Vaginal Microbiome: Rethinking Health and Disease. Annual Review of Microbiology, 66(1):d371-89. PMID: 22746335 6. Human Microbiome Project Consortium. (2012) Structure, function and diversity of the healthy human microbiome. Nature, 486(7402):207­214. PMID: 22699609 7. Human Microbiome Project Consortium

  16. Conflicts of interest in medical science: peer usage, peer review and 'CoI consultancy'.

    PubMed

    Charlton, Bruce G

    2004-01-01

    In recent years, the perception has grown that conflicts of interest are having a detrimental effect on medical science as it influences health policy and clinical practice, leading medical journals to enforce self-declaration of potential biases in the attempt to counteract or compensate for the problem. Conflict of interest (CoI) declarations have traditionally been considered inappropriate in pure science since its evaluation systems themselves constitute a mechanism for eliminating the effect of individual biases. Pure science is primarily evaluated by 'peer usage', in which scientific information is 'replicated' by being incorporated in the work of other scientists, and tested by further observation of the natural world. Over the long-term, the process works because significant biases impair the quality of science, and bad science tends to be neglected or refuted. However, scientific evaluation operates slowly over years and decades, and only a small proportion of published work is ever actually evaluated. But most of modern medical science no longer conforms to the model of pure science, and may instead be conceptualized as a system of 'applied' science having different aims and evaluation processes. The aim of applied medical science is to solve pre-specified problems, and to provide scientific information ready for implementation immediately following publication. The primary evaluation process of applied science is peer review, not peer usage. Peer review is much more rapid (with a timescale of weeks or months) and cheaper than peer usage and (consequently) has a much wider application: peer review is a prospective validation while peer usage is retrospective. Since applied science consists of incremental advances on existing knowledge achieved using established techniques, its results can usually be reliably evaluated by peer review. However, despite its considerable convenience, peer review has significant limitations related to its reliance on opinion. One major limitation of peer review has proved to be its inability to deal with conflicts of interest, especially in a 'big science' context when prestigious scientists may have similar biases, and conflicts of interest are widely shared among peer reviewers. When applied medical science has been later checked against the slower but more valid processes of peer usage, it seems that reliance on peer review may allow damaging distortions to become 'locked-in' to clinical practice and health policy for considerable periods. Scientific progress is generally underpinned by increasing specialization. Medical journals should specialize in the communication of scientific information, and they have neither the resources nor the motivation to investigate and measure conflicts of interest. Effectively dealing with the problem of conflicts of interest in applied medical science firstly requires a more explicit demarcation between the communications media of pure medical science and applied medical science. Greater specialization of these activities would then allow distinctive aims and evaluation systems to evolve with the expectation of improved performance in both pure and applied systems. In future, applied medical science should operate with an assumption of bias, with the onus of proof on applied medical scientists to facilitate the 'data transparency' necessary to validate their research. Journals of applied medical science will probably require more rigorous processes of peer review than at present, since their publications are intended to be ready for implementation. But since peer review does not adequately filter-out conflicts of interest in applied medical science, there is a need for the evolution of specialist post-publication institutional mechanisms. The suggested solution is to encourage the establishment of independent 'CoI consultancy' services, whose role would be to evaluate conflicts of interest and other biases in published applied medical science prior to their implementation. Such services would be paid-for by the groups who intend to implement appl

  17. ForPeerReview Phasor Imaging: A Generalization of Correlation-Based

    E-print Network

    Nayar, Shree K.

    ForPeerReview Phasor Imaging: A Generalization of Correlation-Based Time-of-Flight Imaging Journal.8 Transactions on Graphics #12;ForPeerReview Phasor Imaging: A Generalization of Correlation-Based Time of the radiance. We propose phasor imaging, a framework for performing fast inverse light transport analysis using

  18. ForPeerReview Perception of Mechanically and Optically Simulated Bumps

    E-print Network

    Liere, Robert van

    ForPeerReview Perception of Mechanically and Optically Simulated Bumps and Holes Journal: Transactions on Applied Perception Manuscript ID: TAP-2007-0040.R2 Manuscript Type: Paper Date Submitted Perception #12;ForPeerReview Perception of Mechanically and Optically Simulated Bumps and Holes KOERT VAN

  19. ForPeerReview A mixed-culture model of a probiotic biofilm control system

    E-print Network

    Demaret, Laurent

    ForPeerReview Only A mixed-culture model of a probiotic biofilm control system Journal; Helmholtz Centre Munich, Biomathematics and Biometry Keywords: biofilm, probiotics, mathematical model;ForPeerReview Only A mixed-culture model of a probiotic biofilm control system Hermann J. Eberl1

  20. Writing to Learn: An Evaluation of the Calibrated Peer Review Program in Two Neuroscience Courses

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    J. Roxanne Prichard (Bates College; )

    2005-10-16

    This journal article describes the use of Calibrated Peer Review (CPR), a free, web-based writing and peer review program designed to alleviate instructor workload, in two undergraduate neuroscience courses: an upper-level sensation and perception course (41 students, three assignments) and an introductory neuroscience course (50 students; two assignments).

  1. Using Peer Reviews to Examine Micropolitics and Disciplinary Development of Engineering Education: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beddoes, Kacey

    2014-01-01

    This article presents a case study of the peer review process for a feminist article submitted to an engineering education journal. It demonstrates how an examination of peer review can be a useful approach to further understanding the development of feminist thought in education fields. Rather than opposition to feminist thought per se, my…

  2. Open by default: a proposed copyright license and waiver agreement for open access research and data in peer-reviewed journals.

    PubMed

    Hrynaszkiewicz, Iain; Cockerill, Matthew J

    2012-01-01

    Copyright and licensing of scientific data, internationally, are complex and present legal barriers to data sharing, integration and reuse, and therefore restrict the most efficient transfer and discovery of scientific knowledge. Much data are included within scientific journal articles, their published tables, additional files (supplementary material) and reference lists. However, these data are usually published under licenses which are not appropriate for data. Creative Commons CC0 is an appropriate and increasingly accepted method for dedicating data to the public domain, to enable data reuse with the minimum of restrictions. BioMed Central is committed to working towards implementation of open data-compliant licensing in its publications. Here we detail a protocol for implementing a combined Creative Commons Attribution license (for copyrightable material) and Creative Commons CC0 waiver (for data) agreement for content published in peer-reviewed open access journals. We explain the differences between legal requirements for attribution in copyright, and cultural requirements in scholarship for giving individuals credit for their work through citation. We argue that publishing data in scientific journals under CC0 will have numerous benefits for individuals and society, and yet will have minimal implications for authors and minimal impact on current publishing and research workflows. We provide practical examples and definitions of data types, such as XML and tabular data, and specific secondary use cases for published data, including text mining, reproducible research, and open bibliography. We believe this proposed change to the current copyright and licensing structure in science publishing will help clarify what users - people and machines - of the published literature can do, legally, with journal articles and make research using the published literature more efficient. We further believe this model could be adopted across multiple publishers, and invite comment on this article from all stakeholders in scientific research. PMID:22958225

  3. Open by default: a proposed copyright license and waiver agreement for open access research and data in peer-reviewed journals

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Copyright and licensing of scientific data, internationally, are complex and present legal barriers to data sharing, integration and reuse, and therefore restrict the most efficient transfer and discovery of scientific knowledge. Much data are included within scientific journal articles, their published tables, additional files (supplementary material) and reference lists. However, these data are usually published under licenses which are not appropriate for data. Creative Commons CC0 is an appropriate and increasingly accepted method for dedicating data to the public domain, to enable data reuse with the minimum of restrictions. BioMed Central is committed to working towards implementation of open data-compliant licensing in its publications. Here we detail a protocol for implementing a combined Creative Commons Attribution license (for copyrightable material) and Creative Commons CC0 waiver (for data) agreement for content published in peer-reviewed open access journals. We explain the differences between legal requirements for attribution in copyright, and cultural requirements in scholarship for giving individuals credit for their work through citation. We argue that publishing data in scientific journals under CC0 will have numerous benefits for individuals and society, and yet will have minimal implications for authors and minimal impact on current publishing and research workflows. We provide practical examples and definitions of data types, such as XML and tabular data, and specific secondary use cases for published data, including text mining, reproducible research, and open bibliography. We believe this proposed change to the current copyright and licensing structure in science publishing will help clarify what users – people and machines – of the published literature can do, legally, with journal articles and make research using the published literature more efficient. We further believe this model could be adopted across multiple publishers, and invite comment on this article from all stakeholders in scientific research. PMID:22958225

  4. Peer Review Summary Document (May 22, 2008)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    KB PDF] for Synthesis and Assessment Product (SAP) 3.4. Charge Submitted to Peer Reviewers Charge letter [27 KB PDF] submitted to SAP 3.4 peer reviewers. Draft Document for Peer Review The draft SAP 3: Draft_SAP 3.4 Executive Summary [63 KB PDF] Draft_SAP 3.4 Chapter 1 [1.4 MB PDF] Draft_SAP 3.4 Chapter 2

  5. Peer Review Summary Document (3/14/2012)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    for the previous publication of this product is found at http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review/docs/pr_results_summary_rust_fungus_HI.pdf Comments The authors provided extensive data from the literature to support their response to Peer ReviewerPeer Review Summary Document (3/14/2012) Peer Review Plan http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review

  6. The Problem of Humiliation in Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Comer, Debra R.; Schwartz, Michael

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the problem of vituperative feedback from peer reviewers. We argue that such feedback is morally unacceptable, insofar as it humiliates authors and damages their dignity. We draw from social-psychological research to explore those aspects of the peer-review process in general and the anonymity of blind reviewing in particular…

  7. STUDENTBMJ | VOLUME 15 | MARCH 2007 Peer review

    E-print Network

    Haylett, Kevin R.

    of the next part of the process--peer review (see figure). A common scenario This time it wasn't just a piece a research paper into shape. The process was long, with rewrites, rewording, and reconsideration, which took or Changes required Editor Reviewers SubmissionSubmissionSubmissionSubmission The peer review process 96 #12

  8. Sealed source peer review plan

    SciTech Connect

    Feldman, Alexander [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Leonard, Lee [RETIRED; Burns, Ron [CONTRACTOR

    2009-01-01

    Sealed sources are known quantities of radioactive materials that have been encapsulated in quantities that produce known radiation fields. Sealed sources have multiple uses ranging from instrument calibration sources to sources that produce radiation fields for experimental applications. The Off-Site Source Recovery (OSR) Project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), created in 1999, under the direction of the Waste Management Division of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Albuquerque has been assigned the responsibility to recover and manage excess and unwanted radioactive sealed sources from the public and private sector. LANL intends to ship drums containing qualified sealed sources to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) for disposal. Prior to shipping, these drums must be characterized with respect to radiological content and other parameters. The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires that ten radionulcides be quantified and reported for every container of waste to be disposed in the WIPP. The methods traditionally approved by the EPA include non-destructive assay (NDA) in accordance with Appendix A of the Contact-Handled Transuranic Waste Acceptance Criteria for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (DOE, 2002) (CH WAC). However, because of the nature and pedigree of historical records for sealed sources and the technical infeasibility of performing NDA on these sources, LANL proposes to characterize the content of these waste drums using qualified existing radiological data in lieu of direct measurement. This plan describes the process and documentation requirements for the use of the peer review process to qualify existing data for sealed radiological sources in lieu of perfonning radioassay. The peer review process will be performed in accordance with criteria provided in 40 CFR {section} 194.22 which specifies the use of the NUREG 1297 guidelines. The plan defines the management approach, resources, schedule, and technical requirements for the subject peer review.

  9. ForPeerReview For peer review only. Do not cite.

    E-print Network

    Suchard, Marc A.

    ForPeerReview Only For peer review only. Do not cite. Wagner and Dollo: a Stochastic Duet://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/systbiol Systematic Biology #12;ForPeerReview Only MULTI-STATE STOCHASTIC DOLLO Wagner and Dollo: a Stochastic Duet,4,5, February 6, 2008 1 Department of Biomathematics, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA

  10. Final Independent External Peer Review Report: Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Final Independent External Peer Review Report: Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS Independent External Peer Review Report Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) for the Mechanical EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW REPORT for the Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) for the Mechanical

  11. ForPeerReview Flow Field Modulation

    E-print Network

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    ForPeerReview Only Flow Field Modulation Bo Ren, Chen-Feng Li, Ming Lin, Theodore Kim, and Shi 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 #12;ForPeerReview Only IEEE TRANSACTIONS styles, and demonstrate how to achieve flexible feature enhancement and stabilization over all scales

  12. The power of nursing peer review.

    PubMed

    Spiva, Lee Anna; Jarrell, Nicole; Baio, Pamela

    2014-11-01

    This article describes how an integrated healthcare system created a nursing peer-review structure to empower nurses to make practice changes and enhance professional accountability. A nursing peer-review committee and tools supporting the process were developed and implemented. PMID:25340923

  13. Timely deposition of macromolecular structures is necessary for peer review

    SciTech Connect

    Joosten, Robbie P. [Netherlands Cancer Institute, Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX Amsterdam (Netherlands); Soueidan, Hayssam; Wessels, Lodewyk F. A. [Netherlands Cancer Institute, Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Perrakis, Anastassis, E-mail: a.perrakis@nki.nl [Netherlands Cancer Institute, Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    2013-12-01

    Deposition of crystallographic structures should be concurrent with or prior to manuscript submission for peer review, enabling validation and increasing reliability of the PDB. Most of the macromolecular structures in the Protein Data Bank (PDB), which are used daily by thousands of educators and scientists alike, are determined by X-ray crystallography. It was examined whether the crystallographic models and data were deposited to the PDB at the same time as the publications that describe them were submitted for peer review. This condition is necessary to ensure pre-publication validation and the quality of the PDB public archive. It was found that a significant proportion of PDB entries were submitted to the PDB after peer review of the corresponding publication started, and many were only submitted after peer review had ended. It is argued that clear description of journal policies and effective policing is important for pre-publication validation, which is key in ensuring the quality of the PDB and of peer-reviewed literature.

  14. Predatory publishing, questionable peer review, and fraudulent conferences.

    PubMed

    Bowman, John D

    2014-12-15

    Open-access is a model for publishing scholarly, peer-reviewed journals on the Internet that relies on sources of funding other than subscription fees. Some publishers and editors have exploited the author-pays model of open-access, publishing for their own profit. Submissions are encouraged through widely distributed e-mails on behalf of a growing number of journals that may accept many or all submissions and subject them to little, if any, peer review or editorial oversight. Bogus conference invitations are distributed in a similar fashion. The results of these less than ethical practices might include loss of faculty member time and money, inappropriate article inclusions in curriculum vitae, and costs to the college or funding source. PMID:25657363

  15. Reviewer Stances and Writer Perceptions in EFL Peer Review Training

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Min, Hui-Tzu

    2008-01-01

    Research has shown that reviewers' stances can impact the efficacy of peer response/review and subsequent revision. The purpose of this classroom-based study was to compare reviewer stances and writer perceptions of/and attitudes toward these stances prior to and after peer review training in an EFL writing class. Eighteen intermediate EFL writers…

  16. Peer Review Summary Document (11/9/2012)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Summary Document (11/9/2012) Peer Review Plan http:// www.usgs.gov/peer_review/docs/coal_tar_sealants_and_cancer_risk.pdf exposures. The reviewer has published 15 articles in the peer-reviewed literature, as cited by Scopus [18 KB PDF] Title and Authorship of Information Product Disseminated Cancer Risk from Incidental

  17. Understanding Peer Review of Scientific Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of American Universities, 2011

    2011-01-01

    An important factor in the success of America's national research system is that federal funds for university-based research are awarded primarily through peer review, which uses panels of scientific experts, or "peers," to evaluate the quality of grant proposals. In this competitive process, proposals compete for resources based on their…

  18. Thank you reviewers – CytoJournal 2011

    PubMed Central

    Shidham, Vinod B.; DeMay, Richard M.; Pitman, Martha B.

    2011-01-01

    CytoJournal, with its continued contribution of scientific cytopathology literature to the public domain under open access (OA) charter, thanks its dedicated peer reviewers for devoting significant efforts, time, and resources during 2011. The abstracts of poster-platform submissions to the 59th Annual Scientific Meeting (November 2011) of the American Society of Cytopathology (ASC) in Baltimore, MD, USA, were peer reviewed by the ASC Scientific Program Committee. PMID:22279492

  19. 28 CFR 34.104 - Use of peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Use of peer review. 34.104 Section 34.104 Judicial Administration...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.104 Use of peer review. (a)...

  20. 28 CFR 34.104 - Use of peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Use of peer review. 34.104 Section 34.104 Judicial Administration...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.104 Use of peer review. (a)...

  1. 28 CFR 34.104 - Use of peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Use of peer review. 34.104 Section 34.104 Judicial Administration...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.104 Use of peer review. (a)...

  2. 28 CFR 34.104 - Use of peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Use of peer review. 34.104 Section 34.104 Judicial Administration...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.104 Use of peer review. (a)...

  3. 28 CFR 34.104 - Use of peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Use of peer review. 34.104 Section 34.104 Judicial Administration...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.104 Use of peer review. (a)...

  4. Writing a narrative biomedical review: considerations for authors, peer reviewers, and editors.

    PubMed

    Gasparyan, Armen Yuri; Ayvazyan, Lilit; Blackmore, Heather; Kitas, George D

    2011-11-01

    Review articles comprehensively covering a specific topic are crucial for successful research and academic projects. Most editors consider review articles for special and regular issues of journals. Writing a review requires deep knowledge and understanding of a field. The aim of this review is to analyze the main steps in writing a narrative biomedical review and to consider points that may increase the chances of success. We performed a comprehensive search through MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, and Web of Science using the following keywords: review of the literature, narrative review, title, abstract, authorship, ethics, peer review, research methods, medical writing, scientific writing, and writing standards. Opinions expressed in the review are also based on personal experience as authors, peer reviewers, and editors. PMID:21800117

  5. ForPeerReview Late Pleistocene mountain glaciation in Alaska: Key chronologies

    E-print Network

    Briner, Jason P.

    ForPeerReview Late Pleistocene mountain glaciation in Alaska: Key chronologies Journal: Journal; Northern Arizona University, Geology Keywords: Alaska, glaciation, late Pleistocene, chronology, alpine Pleistocene mountain glaciation in Alaska: Key chronologies JASON P. BRINER1 and DARRELL S. KAUFMAN2 1 Geology

  6. AVIAN/WIND STATISTICAL PEER REVIEW PROJECT

    E-print Network

    ............................................................................................................................................ 7 WAS THE STATISTICAL METHODOLOGY USED ON THE ANALYSIS CONSISTENT WITH ACCEPTED METHODS USEDAVIAN/WIND STATISTICAL PEER REVIEW PROJECT Prepared for: California Energy Commission Prepared by IN OTHER BIO-STATISTICAL ANALYSES

  7. Peer Review Changes Taking Shape at NIH

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2009-02-01

    This is an article from The Physiologist. As an agency-wide assessment of its peer review system draws to a close, NIH has issued a series of notices outlining its plans for implementing the suggested changes.

  8. Rochester City School District Peer Assistance Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chierichella, Patrick

    2010-01-01

    In this paper the author evaluates the Peer Assistance and Review (PAR) program in the Rochester City School District, Rochester, NY. The author evaluates the system's strengths and weaknesses and discusses the program's alignment with New York State requirements.

  9. A Peer Review Training Workshop: Coaching Students to Give and Evaluate Peer Feedback

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lam, Ricky

    2010-01-01

    Trained peer review, as illustrated in a plethora of peer review or peer response scholarship, has a positive effect on students' writing in general and on improved revision quality in particular (Berg, 1999; Hu, 2005; Min, 2006; Paulus, 1999; Stanley, 1992). From these studies, it is evident that trained peer feedback does have a significant role…

  10. Context-Aware Reviewer Assignment for Trust Enhanced Peer Review

    PubMed Central

    Li, Lei; Wang, Yan; Liu, Guanfeng; Wang, Meng; Wu, Xindong

    2015-01-01

    Reviewer assignment is critical to peer review systems, such as peer-reviewed research conferences or peer-reviewed funding applications, and its effectiveness is a deep concern of all academics. However, there are some problems in existing peer review systems during reviewer assignment. For example, some of the reviewers are much more stringent than others, leading to an unfair final decision, i.e., some submissions (i.e., papers or applications) with better quality are rejected. In this paper, we propose a context-aware reviewer assignment for trust enhanced peer review. More specifically, in our approach, we first consider the research area specific expertise of reviewers, and the institution relevance and co-authorship between reviewers and authors, so that reviewers with the right expertise are assigned to the corresponding submissions without potential conflict of interest. In addition, we propose a novel cross-assignment paradigm, and reviewers are cross-assigned in order to avoid assigning a group of stringent reviewers or a group of lenient reviewers to the same submission. More importantly, on top of them, we propose an academic CONtext-aware expertise relevanCe oriEnted Reviewer cross-assignmenT approach (CONCERT), which aims to effectively estimate the “true” ratings of submissions based on the ratings from all reviewers, even though no prior knowledge exists about the distribution of stringent reviewers and lenient reviewers. The experiments illustrate that compared with existing approaches, our proposed CONCERT approach can less likely assign more than one stringent reviewers or lenient reviewers to a submission simultaneously and significantly reduce the influence of ratings from stringent reviewers and lenient reviewers, leading to trust enhanced peer review and selection, no matter what kind of distributions of stringent reviewers and lenient reviewers are. PMID:26090849

  11. ForPeerReview Modeling the structure of mAb 14B7 bound to the anthrax protective

    E-print Network

    Gray, Jeffrey J.

    ForPeerReview Modeling the structure of mAb 14B7 bound to the anthrax protective antigen Journal 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 #12;ForPeerReview 2 Abstract The anthrax protective, Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science Key Words: affinity maturation, anthrax toxin

  12. [The manuscripts'? review process in Revista Médica de Chile and its peer-reviewers during the year 2013].

    PubMed

    Reyes B, Humberto; Andresen H, Max; Palma H, Joaquín

    2014-07-01

    Mainstream journals, whether printed or electronic, are characterized--among other standards--by the use of external peer review to critically assess those manuscripts that have been submitted for publication. The editors usually rely on peer reviewers? reports although their decisions are independent and usually final. The mission of Revista Médica de Chile includes the education of authors by guiding and stimulating them to improve their manuscripts before its acceptance and publication. Therefore the criticism, advice, and specific suggestions contained in peer reviewers? reports are a crucial tool to fulfill this mission. The present article indicates that during the year 2013, 422 persons participated as peer-reviewers of one or more manuscripts. Their names are listed in recognition of their voluntary contribution to the quality of this journal. PMID:25378011

  13. 28 CFR 34.102 - Peer review procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...OJJDP “Peer Review Guideline,” developed in...specifying substantive and procedural matters related to the peer review process, the “Guideline” addresses such issues...reviewers, etc. The “Guideline” describes a...

  14. 28 CFR 34.102 - Peer review procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...OJJDP “Peer Review Guideline,” developed in...specifying substantive and procedural matters related to the peer review process, the “Guideline” addresses such issues...reviewers, etc. The “Guideline” describes a...

  15. 28 CFR 34.102 - Peer review procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...OJJDP “Peer Review Guideline,” developed in...specifying substantive and procedural matters related to the peer review process, the “Guideline” addresses such issues...reviewers, etc. The “Guideline” describes a...

  16. 28 CFR 34.102 - Peer review procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...OJJDP “Peer Review Guideline,” developed in...specifying substantive and procedural matters related to the peer review process, the “Guideline” addresses such issues...reviewers, etc. The “Guideline” describes a...

  17. 28 CFR 34.102 - Peer review procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...OJJDP “Peer Review Guideline,” developed in...specifying substantive and procedural matters related to the peer review process, the “Guideline” addresses such issues...reviewers, etc. The “Guideline” describes a...

  18. [Improving patient safety through voluntary peer review].

    PubMed

    Kluge, S; Bause, H

    2015-01-01

    The intensive care unit (ICU) is one area of the hospital in which processes and communication are of primary importance. Errors in intensive care units can lead to serious adverse events with significant consequences for patients. Therefore quality and risk-management are important measures when treating critically ill patients. A pragmatic approach to support quality and safety in intensive care is peer review. This approach has gained significant acceptance over the past years. It consists of mutual visits by colleagues who conduct standardised peer reviews. These reviews focus on the systematic evaluation of the quality of an ICU's structure, its processes and outcome. Together with different associations, the State Chambers of Physicians and the German Medical Association have developed peer review as a standardized tool for quality improvement. The common goal of all stakeholders is the continuous and sustainable improvement in intensive care with peer reviews significantly increasing and improving communication between professions and disciplines. Peer reviews secure the sustainability of planned change processes and consequently lead the way to an improved culture of quality and safety. PMID:25421137

  19. Rethinking Feedback Practices in Higher Education: A Peer Review Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nicol, David; Thomson, Avril; Breslin, Caroline

    2014-01-01

    Peer review is a reciprocal process whereby students produce feedback reviews on the work of peers and receive feedback reviews from peers on their own work. Prior research has primarily examined the learning benefits that result from the receipt of feedback reviews, with few studies specifically exploring the merits of producing feedback reviews

  20. Suggestions to Improve Social Work Journal Editorial and Peer-Review Processes: The San Antonio Response to the Miami Statement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holden, Gary; Thyer, Bruce A.; Baer, Judith; Delva, Jorge; Dulmus, Catherine N.; Shanks, Trina Williams

    2008-01-01

    Interest in and concern about scholarly communications through social work journals seem to have increased recently. One indicator of this concern was the publication of the Miami statement. A Society for Social Work and Research Presidential Task Force was created to continue work on these issues. This article discusses the work of one…

  1. Strategies for eliminating unfairness in peer review.

    PubMed

    Rozovsky, F A; Rozovsky, L E

    1992-01-01

    Physicians often find themselves the victims of uninformed peer review practices whereby hospital boards make decisions regarding medical staff privileges without adequately evaluating the charges and without affording physicians the appropriate due process protections. In addition to damaging a physician's reputation, such unfair review practices can lead to liability exposure and expensive and prolonged litigation. This article describes how medical staff physicians and hospital board members can avoid these problems by taking an active and informed role in the peer review process. PMID:10115449

  2. Real-time peer review: an innovative feature to an evidence-based practice conference.

    PubMed

    Eldredge, Jonathan D; Phillips, Holly E; Kroth, Philip J

    2013-01-01

    Many health sciences librarians as well as other professionals attend conferences on a regular basis. This study sought to link an innovative peer review process of presented research papers to long-term conference outcomes in the peer-reviewed professional journal literature. An evidence-based conference included a proof-of-concept study to gauge the long-term outcomes from research papers presented during the program. Real-time peer review recommendations from the conference were linked to final versions of articles published in the peer-reviewed literature. The real-time peer review feedback served as the basis for further mentoring to guide prospective authors toward publishing their research results. These efforts resulted in the publication of two of the four research papers in the peer-viewed literature. A third presented paper appeared in a blog because the authors wanted to disseminate their findings more quickly than through the journal literature. The presenters of the fourth paper never published their study. Real-time peer review from this study can be adapted to other professional conferences that include presented research papers. PMID:24180649

  3. Real-Time Peer Review: An Innovative Feature to an Evidence-Based Practice Conference

    PubMed Central

    Eldredge, Jonathan D.; Phillips, Holly E.; Kroth, Philip J.

    2013-01-01

    Many health sciences librarians as well as other professionals attend conferences on a regular basis. This study sought to link an innovative peer review process of presented research papers to long-term conference outcomes in the peer-reviewed professional journal literature. An evidence-based conference included a proof-of-concept study to gauge the long-term outcomes from research papers presented during the program. Real-time peer review recommendations from the conference were linked to final versions of articles published in the peer-reviewed literature. The real-time peer review feedback served as the basis for further mentoring to guide prospective authors toward publishing their research results. These efforts resulted in the publication of two of the four research papers in the peer-viewed literature. A third presented paper appeared in a blog because the authors wanted to disseminate their findings more quickly than through the journal literature. The presenters of the fourth paper never published their study. Real-time peer review from this study can be adapted to other professional conferences that include presented research papers. PMID:24180649

  4. The NIH Peer Review Sally A. Amero, Ph.D.

    E-print Network

    Grishok, Alla

    The NIH Peer Review Process Sally A. Amero, Ph.D. NIH Review Policy Officer Office of Extramural Research 2009 NIH Regional Seminars #12;22 The NIH Peer Review Process National Institutes of Health (ICs) Extramural and intramural programs 24 have funding authority #12;33 The NIH Peer Review Process

  5. Citation of non-English peer review publications – some Chinese examples

    PubMed Central

    Fung, Isaac CH

    2008-01-01

    Articles published in English language journals with citations of non-English peer reviewed materials are not very common today. However, as epidemiologists are becoming more aware of data and information being readily available and accessible in the non-English literature, the question of whether non-English materials can be cited in English language journals and if so, how should they be cited, has become an increasingly important issue. Bringing together personal insights from the author's familiarity with both the English and Chinese language epidemiological literature and results from a survey on the use of citations of non-English peer reviewed materials across a sample of epidemiology and public health journals, this commentary discusses the different ways authors cite non-English articles in different English language journals and the different methods used by journals to handle non-Latin scripts (e.g. transliteration). This commentary will be useful to both epidemiologists and editors alike. PMID:18826566

  6. The role of the manuscript reviewer in the peer review process.

    PubMed

    Polak, J F

    1995-09-01

    Peer review of submitted manuscripts is recognized as a critical component of the publication process in all major medical journals. It lends respectability and scientific credibility to those journals that have adopted the process [1]. This function is delegated to a group of persons who perform the task selflessly and without compensation. Of the many facets of the peer review process, the selection of manuscript reviewers and their subsequent interaction with both editors and authors may be so poorly understood by aspiring authors that certain misconceptions ensue. Authors of rejected manuscripts may fear that reviewers have acted in an arbitrary and possibly censorial fashion [2, 3]. Conversely, authors of accepted manuscripts who face a mountain of revisions may wonder if such an effort is likely to improve their manuscript [4, 5]. The following questions come to mind: Where do the reviewers come from? What do they do, and what constitutes a good reviewer? What power do they have? How is reviewer performance measured? Can the editor recognize publicly the good reviewer? Are reviewers really blinded? How does one become a good reviewer? Who will be the reviewers of the future? While looking at these questions, we should consider objective approaches of assessing reviewer quality and wonder whether they would improve the quality of the published manuscript. PMID:7645496

  7. 7 CFR 3411.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE NATIONAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE COMPETITIVE GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3411.11 Composition of peer review groups. (a)...

  8. 7 CFR 3411.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE NATIONAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE COMPETITIVE GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3411.11 Composition of peer review groups. (a)...

  9. Using Calibrated Peer Review to Teach Basic Research Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bracke, Marianne S.; Graveel, John G.

    2014-01-01

    Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) is an online tool being used in the class Introduction to Agriculture and Purdue University (AGR 10100) to integrate a writing and research component (http://cpr.molsci.ucla.edu/Home.aspx). Calibrated Peer Review combines the ability to create writing intensive assignments with an introduction to the peer-review

  10. UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN INTERNAL PEER REVIEW POLICY FRAMEWORK

    E-print Network

    Pym, David J.

    29 APPENDIX 5 UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN INTERNAL PEER REVIEW POLICY FRAMEWORK INTRODUCTION This document is the overarching University of Aberdeen framework for internal peer review for research grant applications to external funding bodies. UNIVERSITY POSITION ON PEER REVIEW The University of Aberdeen

  11. 42 CFR 67.103 - Peer review of contract proposals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Peer review of contract proposals. 67.103 Section...AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Peer Review of Contracts for Health Services Research...Dissemination Projects § 67.103 Peer review of contract proposals. (a)...

  12. Focusing on Content: Discourse in L2 Peer Review Groups

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vorobel, Oksana; Kim, Deoksoon

    2014-01-01

    Recent studies on peer review groups in second language classes have focused on various topics, including collaboration (Carr, 2008) and the effect of peer review versus teacher feedback on students' writing (Zhang, 1995). One area that has received little attention is the content of students' speech during peer review. This longitudinal…

  13. 42 CFR 67.103 - Peer review of contract proposals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Peer review of contract proposals. 67.103 Section...AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Peer Review of Contracts for Health Services Research...Dissemination Projects § 67.103 Peer review of contract proposals. (a)...

  14. 42 CFR 67.103 - Peer review of contract proposals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Peer review of contract proposals. 67.103 Section...AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Peer Review of Contracts for Health Services Research...Dissemination Projects § 67.103 Peer review of contract proposals. (a)...

  15. 42 CFR 67.103 - Peer review of contract proposals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Peer review of contract proposals. 67.103 Section...AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Peer Review of Contracts for Health Services Research...Dissemination Projects § 67.103 Peer review of contract proposals. (a)...

  16. 42 CFR 67.103 - Peer review of contract proposals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Peer review of contract proposals. 67.103 Section...AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Peer Review of Contracts for Health Services Research...Dissemination Projects § 67.103 Peer review of contract proposals. (a)...

  17. Peer Review Methods for ESL Writing Improvement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soares, Colleen J.

    2004-01-01

    This teacher research shows how peer reviews change draft papers. In the majority of cases, final papers improved in content. The study analyzes data collected from 40 intermediate/advanced nonnative speakers of English enrolled in freshman composition for international students at a large private university. It also examines student reflections…

  18. Values, Influences, and Peers (VIP) Program Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fine, Judith

    This report reviews the Values, Influences, and Peers (VIP) program in the Peel, Ontario schools. Originally developed as a joint initiative of the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of the Solicitor General, the VIP program was first introduced in Peel in 1983 as a pilot initiative in one school. Launched as a response to an increase in…

  19. Bristol Bay Assessment ? Supplemental Peer Review Reports

    EPA Science Inventory

    These reports represent the results of independent peer reviews of several technical reports submitted to the public docket for the May 2012 draft of the Bristol Bay Assessment, An Assessment of Potential Mining Impacts on Salmon Ecosystems of Bristol Bay, Alaska . ...

  20. SMALL DRINKING WATER SYSTEM PEER REVIEW PROGRAM

    EPA Science Inventory

    The United South and Eastern Tribes, Inc., which is made up of twenty-four (24) tribes, ranging in location, geographically, from Maine to Texas, AND three (3) states, Mississippi, Kentucky, and Georgia, participated in a program, "The Small Drinking Water System Peer Review Prog...

  1. Peer Feedback in Anonymous Peer Review in an EFL Writing Class in Spain

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coté, Robert A.

    2014-01-01

    The present study reports the results of a process of peer feedback through anonymous peer review in an EFL writing class. Numerous studies have reported on the benefits of peer review (PR) in the ESL/EFL writing classroom. However, the literature also identifies social issues that can negatively affect the outcome of face-to-face PR. In this…

  2. Research & Librarianship. Research and Practice in Academic Libraries: A Case Study; The Current State of Public Library Research in Select Peer-Reviewed Journals: 1996-2000; From Research to Action in School Library Media Programs; Collaborative Authorship in 'North Carolina Libraries': Past, Present, and Future; Publications and Sinners: Research from the Church Library Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foote, Margaret; DuBose, Stefanie; Durant, David; Hersberger, Julie; Demas, Christopher; Dickinson, Gail K.

    2001-01-01

    This section includes five articles on research and librarianship including a case study on research and practice in academic libraries; select peer-reviewed journals that examine the current state of public library research (1996-2000); development of research on school library media programs; benefits of collaborative authorship for librarians…

  3. Factors Associated with Social Interactions between Deaf Children and Their Hearing Peers: A Systematic Literature Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Batten, Georgina; Oakes, Peter M.; Alexander, Tim

    2014-01-01

    Research indicates that deaf children can have marked social difficulties compared with their hearing peers. Factors that influence these social interactions need to be reviewed to inform interventions. A systematic search of 5 key databases and 3 specialized journals identified 14 papers that met the inclusion criteria. Methodological quality of…

  4. ForPeerReview Gifted girls and non-mathematical aspirations: A

    E-print Network

    Bardsley, John

    ForPeerReview Gifted girls and non-mathematical aspirations: A longitudinal case study of two gifted Korean girls Journal: Gifted Child Quarterly Manuscript ID: Draft Manuscript Type: Original Korean girls choice of non-mathematical fields Gifted girls and non-mathematical aspirations

  5. ForPeerReview Bayes and Empirical Bayes : do they merge?

    E-print Network

    Rousseau, Judith

    ForPeerReview Bayes and Empirical Bayes : do they merge? Journal: Biometrika Manuscript ID: Draft Scricciolo, Catia; Bocconi Universtiy, Decision Sciences Keywords: Bayeian statistics, empirical Bayes in Great Britain Bayes and empirical Bayes: do they merge? BY S. PETRONE Bocconi University, Milan, Italy

  6. ForPeerReview Wave-cloud lines over northwest Australia

    E-print Network

    Birch, Cathryn

    ForPeerReview Wave-cloud lines over northwest Australia Journal: QJRMS Manuscript ID: QJ-12-0097.R1 northwest Australia Cathryn E. Birch1 and Michael J. Reeder2 For submission to QJRMS 1 Institute for Climate Sciences, Monash University, Australia and Centre of Excellence for Climate System Science, Australia

  7. ForPeerReview Avian Hepatitis E virus infection and possible associated

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in broiler breeder flocks in Hungary Journal: Avian Pathology Manuscript ID: CAVP-2008-0018.R3 Manuscript in broiler breeder flocks in Hungary Chris J. Morrow 1* , Gyizi Samu2 , Eszter Mátrai, Ákos Klausz2 , Susanne://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/cavp Avian Pathologypeer-00540128,version1-26Nov2010 #12;ForPeerReview Only Abstract In broiler breeder

  8. ForPeerReview Microbiology and performance of a methanogenic biofilm reactor during the1

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ForPeerReview 1 Microbiology and performance of a methanogenic biofilm reactor during the1 start (present adress).7 Abbreviated running headline: Start-up of a methanogenic biofilm reactor8 Correspondence and performance of a methanogenic biofilm reactor during the start-up period. Journal of Applied Microbiology, vol

  9. ForPeerReview Fragmentation-free LC-MS can identify hundreds of

    E-print Network

    Clote, Peter

    . of Washington, Dept of Medicinal Chemistry Clote, Peter; Boston College, Biology Dept; Ecole Polytechnique, LIX Université Paris 7, Paris, France 6 University of Washington, Dept of Medicinal Chemistry, Seattle, WA, USA 7ForPeerReview Fragmentation-free LC-MS can identify hundreds of proteins. Journal: PROTEOMICS

  10. ForPeerReview Ice age True Polar wander in a compressible and non

    E-print Network

    ForPeerReview Ice age True Polar wander in a compressible and non hydrostatic Earth Journal approach" to the Earth's rotation developed during the eighties and nineties, both for ice age and mantle of Earth Sciences "A. Desio" Ricard, Yanick; ENS Lyon, Earth's Sciences Keywords: Earth rotation variations

  11. ForPeerReview Abnormal Digital Neurovascular Response to Local Heating

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    response in SSc Page 1 of 23 Rheumatology 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 60 HALauthormanuscriptinserm-00273825,version1 HAL author manuscript Rheumatology / British Journal of Rheumatology 2008;:epub ahead of print #12;ForPeerReview 2 Abstract Objectives. To investigate neurovascular

  12. Using simplified peer review processes to fund research: a prospective study

    PubMed Central

    Herbert, Danielle L; Graves, Nicholas; Clarke, Philip; Barnett, Adrian G

    2015-01-01

    Objective To prospectively test two simplified peer review processes, estimate the agreement between the simplified and official processes, and compare the costs of peer review. Design, participants and setting A prospective parallel study of Project Grant proposals submitted in 2013 to the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) of Australia. The official funding outcomes were compared with two simplified processes using proposals in Public Health and Basic Science. The two simplified processes were: panels of 7 reviewers who met face-to-face and reviewed only the nine-page research proposal and track record (simplified panel); and 2 reviewers who independently reviewed only the nine-page research proposal (journal panel). The official process used panels of 12 reviewers who met face-to-face and reviewed longer proposals of around 100 pages. We compared the funding outcomes of 72 proposals that were peer reviewed by the simplified and official processes. Main outcome measures Agreement in funding outcomes; costs of peer review based on reviewers’ time and travel costs. Results The agreement between the simplified and official panels (72%, 95% CI 61% to 82%), and the journal and official panels (74%, 62% to 83%), was just below the acceptable threshold of 75%. Using the simplified processes would save $A2.1–$A4.9 million per year in peer review costs. Conclusions Using shorter applications and simpler peer review processes gave reasonable agreement with the more complex official process. Simplified processes save time and money that could be reallocated to actual research. Funding agencies should consider streamlining their application processes. PMID:26137884

  13. QA REVIEWS: HOW THEY DIFFER FROM PEER REVIEWS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Research papers and reports written by scientists and engineers in the United States Environmental Protection Agency are reviewed by the agency's quality assurance staff. EPA papers and reports are subjected to peer reviews that check for the validity of conclusions and the gener...

  14. Open access publishing and peer reviews : new models Marie Pascale Baligand, Cemagref, 3 bis quai Chauveau, 69336 Lyon cedex 09, France

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Open access publishing and peer reviews : new models Marie Pascale Baligand, Cemagref, 3 bis quai: In the traditional scientific publishing business, journals limit access to subscribers or sell articles on a pay per to publish papers rapidly while accessing peer review and publishing discussion papers enabling interactive

  15. JOURNAL OF COMMUNICATIONS AND NETWORKS, VOL. 14, NO. 3, JUNE 2012 1 PECAN: Peer Cache Adaptation for Peer-to-Peer

    E-print Network

    Bahk, Saewoong

    JOURNAL OF COMMUNICATIONS AND NETWORKS, VOL. 14, NO. 3, JUNE 2012 1 PECAN: Peer Cache AdaptationD streaming sys- tem, named peer cache adaptation (PECAN) where each peer ad- justs its cache capacity reputation and monitor- ing system. Through simulations, we show that PECAN meets the server upload bandwidth

  16. PeerReview: practical accountability for distributed systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andreas Haeberlen; Petr Kouznetsov; Peter Druschel

    2007-01-01

    We describe PeerReview, a system that provides account- ability in distributed systems. PeerReview ensures that Byzantine faults whose effects are observed by a correct node are eventually detected and irrefutably linked to a faulty node. At the same time, PeerReview ensures that a cor- rect node can always defend itself against false accusations. These guarantees are particularly important for systems

  17. PeerReview: practical accountability for distributed systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andreas Haeberlen; Petr Kouznetsov; Peter Druschel

    2007-01-01

    We describe PeerReview, a system that provides accountability in distributed systems. PeerReview ensures that Byzantine faults whose effects are observed by a correct node are eventually detected and irrefutably linked to a faulty node. At the same time, PeerReview ensures that a correct node can always defend itself against false accusations. These guarantees are particularly important for systems that span

  18. 45 CFR 60.11 - Reporting negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...peer review organizations or private accreditation entities. ...NATIONAL PRACTITIONER DATA BANK Reporting of Information...peer review organizations or private accreditation entities. ...Peer review organizations and private accreditation...

  19. 45 CFR 60.11 - Reporting negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...peer review organizations or private accreditation entities. ...NATIONAL PRACTITIONER DATA BANK Reporting of Information...peer review organizations or private accreditation entities. ...Peer review organizations and private accreditation...

  20. Peer Review and Faculty Self Government: A Dissenting View.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lieberman, Myron

    1986-01-01

    The view that peer review and faculty self-government are detrimental is expressed. Peer review, a procedure in which the conduct of faculty members is subject to review by other faculty members, is used primarily in personnel and research decisions (e.g., tenure, promotion, and/or salary increases, and to assess grant or contract proposals).…

  1. 7 CFR 205.509 - Peer review panel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) ORGANIC FOODS PRODUCTION ACT PROVISIONS NATIONAL ORGANIC PROGRAM Accreditation of Certifying Agents § 205.509 Peer review...

  2. 7 CFR 3415.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Agriculture (Continued) COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.11...

  3. Building trust in peer-to-peer systems: a review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bo Zhu; Sushil Jajodia; Mohan S. Kankanhalli

    2006-01-01

    The decentralised, cooperative and self-organising nature of Peer-to-Peer (P2P) systems help to mitigate and even overcome many challenges which overwhelm the traditional client-server approaches. On the other hand, these very characteristics also introduce some novel issues in P2P environments. One of the critical issues is how to build the trust relationship within P2P systems. In this paper, we first discuss

  4. Peer Training Methods for Children and Adolescents with Autism: A Review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Serene H.-J. Choi

    I review how the training of peers is undertaken in peer-mediated interventions for children and adolescents with autism. Common elements of training include peer modelling, peer initiation, peer response, and multiple interaction training for peers. The intent is to provide some practical notions about designing peer involvement for inclusion.

  5. 7 CFR 3400.21 - Scientific peer review for research activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...false Scientific peer review for research activities. 3400.21 Section...FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Peer and Merit Review...21 Scientific peer review for research activities....

  6. 7 CFR 3400.21 - Scientific peer review for research activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...false Scientific peer review for research activities. 3400.21 Section...FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Peer and Merit Review...21 Scientific peer review for research activities....

  7. 7 CFR 3400.21 - Scientific peer review for research activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...false Scientific peer review for research activities. 3400.21 Section...FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Peer and Merit Review...21 Scientific peer review for research activities....

  8. 7 CFR 3400.21 - Scientific peer review for research activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...false Scientific peer review for research activities. 3400.21 Section...FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Peer and Merit Review...21 Scientific peer review for research activities....

  9. Web-based peer review: the learner as both adapter and reviewer

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric Zhi-Feng Liu; Sunny S. J. Lin; Chi-Huang Chiu; Shyan-Ming Yuan

    2001-01-01

    This study describes an effective web-based learning strategy, peer review, used by 143 computer science undergraduate students in an operating systems class at a Taiwanese university. Peer review, based on social constructivism, can be easily implemented via the authors' well-developed web-based peer review (WPR) system. Through peer review, the authors hope to form an authentic learning environment similar to an

  10. A Reciprocal Peer Review System to Support College Students' Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Yu-Fen

    2011-01-01

    As students' problem-solving processes in writing are rarely observed in face-to-face instruction, they have few opportunities to participate collaboratively in peer review to improve their texts. This study reports the design of a reciprocal peer review system for students to observe and learn from each other when writing. A sample of 95…

  11. Peer Review Negotiations: Revision Activities in ESL Writing Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mendonca, Cassia O.; Johnson, Karen E.

    1994-01-01

    This study describes the negotiations that occur during English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) students peer reviews and the ways these negotiations shape students revision activities. Findings of the study support the need to include peer reviews in second-language writing instruction and underscore their value in providing feedback on students'…

  12. Peer Review Summary Document (2/18/2014)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Summary Document (2/18/2014) http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review/docs/anthrax_geochemistry-soils_contiguousUS.pdf. [20 KB PDF] Title and Authorship of Information Product Disseminated Anthrax and the Geochemistry for significance differences between counties with and without confirmed anthrax outbreaks (89 sample sites located

  13. ForPeerReview SEROCONVERSION TO HEPATITIS C VIRUS ALTERNATE

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ForPeerReview SEROCONVERSION TO HEPATITIS C VIRUS ALTERNATE READING FRAME PROTEIN DURING THE ACUTE de Bacteriologie and Virologie Keywords: ARFP, antibodies, acute hepatitis C, seroconversion (Baltimore, Md.) 2009;49(5):1449-59" DOI : 10.1002/hep.22821 #12;ForPeerReview SEROCONVERSION TO HEPATITIS C

  14. 45 CFR 96.136 - Independent peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Individual peer reviewers must also be knowledgeable about the modality being reviewed and its underlying theoretical approach to addictions treatment, and must be sensitive to the cultural and environmental issues that may influence the quality of the...

  15. Making Teaching Community Property: A Menu for Peer Collaboration and Peer Review. AAHE Teaching Initiative.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hutchings, Pat

    A collection of program descriptions and case studies in college faculty peer collaboration and peer review includes: "Setting a Scholarly Tone: Teaching Circles in the History Department at Kent State University"; "Fostering Collective Responsibility for Student Learning: Teaching Seminars in the University of North Carolina at Charlotte…

  16. Two peers are better than one: aggregating peer reviews for computing assignments is surprisingly accurate

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ken Reily; Pam Ludford Finnerty; Loren G. Terveen

    2009-01-01

    Scientific peer review, open source software development, wikis, and other domains use distributed review to improve quality of created content by providing feedback to the work's creator. Distributed review is used to assess or improve the quality of a work (e.g., an article). However, it can also provide learning benefits to the participants in the review process. We developed an

  17. The gatekeepers of Modern physics: periodicals and peer review in 1920s Britain.

    PubMed

    Clarke, Imogen

    2015-03-01

    This essay analyzes the processes behind the publication of physics papers in two British journals in the 1920s: the Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: Series A and the Philosophical Magazine. On the surface, it looked as though the Philosophical Magazine was managed very informally, while the Proceedings had in place a seemingly rigid system of committee approval and peer review. This essay shows, however, that in practice the two journals were both influenced by networks of expertise that afforded small groups of physicists considerable control over the content of these prestigious scientific publications. This study explores the nature of peer review, suggesting how a historical approach can contribute to contemporary debates. In studying these relationships, the essay also considers the interplay of "classical" and "modern" ideas and physicists in 1920s Britain and cautions against an anachronistic approach to this classification. PMID:26027308

  18. Peer Review Plan Date: 6/27/12

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Plan Date: 6/27/12 Source Center: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Arkansas Water Science. Timing of Review (Including Deferrals): June - July 2012. Deferrals are not anticipated at this time. Manner of Review, Selection of Reviewers, and Nomination Process: Review will be by individual letters

  19. Peer Review Plan Date: 7/23/14

    E-print Network

    Peer Review Plan Date: 7/23/14 Source Center: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Core Science Systems Assessment. Timing of Review (Including Deferrals): April 2014 ­ May 2014. Deferrals are not anticipated at this time. Manner of Review, Selection of Reviewers, and Nomination Process: Review will be by individual

  20. Peer Review Plan Date: 5/8/2014

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Plan Date: 5/8/2014 Source Center: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Texas Water Science Scientific Information. Timing of Review (Including Deferrals): September 2013 ­ May 2014. Deferrals are not anticipated at this time. Manner of Review, Selection of Reviewers, and Nomination Process: Review

  1. Peer Review Plan Date: 12/20/2010

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Plan Date: 12/20/2010 Source Center: U.S Geological Survey (USGS) Oregon Water Science is considered to be Influential Scientific Information. Timing of Review (including Deferrals): 30 days. Deferrals are not anticipated. Manner of Review, Selection of Reviewers, and Nomination Process: This review

  2. Peer Review Plan Date: 1/4/2011

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Plan Date: 1/4/2011 Source Center: U.S Geological Survey Arizona Water Science Center. Timing of Review (including Deferrals): November 2009 - March 2010. Deferrals are not anticipated. Manner of Review, Selection of Reviewers and Nomination Process: This review will be conducted via individual

  3. [Peer review in toxicologic histopathology: its necessity, type and procedure].

    PubMed

    Yoshitomi, K

    1998-05-01

    A histopathology peer review already has become an integral part of industrial toxicologic pathology in the USA and Europe. Nevertheless, the review is unfamiliar to toxicologic pathologists in Japan. This report provides detailed information on convenient, useful procedures for peer review in toxicologic histopathology and describes its necessity and type. Histopathology peer review is either informal or formal. Formal review means that the target organs to be re-estimated and the reviewing pathologist's name are stated somewhere in a protocol or study report. The resolution of all diagnostic discrepancies between studies and reviewing pathologists must be clarified, and the review records need to be preserved. No audit trials need to be kept for informal peer review. Based on the purpose of the review, histopathology peer reviews may be classified into 3 major types: "complete", "problem-solving", and a "quality-monitoring" reviews. For a "Complete" review, all histopathologic findings crucial to the conclusion of the study are re-examined. A "problem-solving" review serves to re-evaluate anomalous findings. A "quality-monitoring" review is a periodical monitor of the quality of histopathologic diagnoses at pathology laboratories, particularly in toxicology contract research organizations. The procedures for histopathology peer review consist of 5 stages. At the first stage, the target organs to be reviewed are selected from the draft summary tables of the original findings diagnosed by the study pathologist, and the reviewing pathologist evaluates all selected organs. At the second stage, the study pathologist re-examines all the findings with diagnoses not accepted by the reviewing pathologist and re-considers the appropriateness of these original diagnoses. At the third stage, the study pathologist and the reviewing pathologists discuss all diagnostic differences until they reach a consensus opinion. At the fourth stage, the whole process (stage 1 to 3) of peer review of all target organs is tabulated, including the study pathologist's and reviewing pathologist's diagnoses, the study pathologist's opinions, and consensus diagnoses. At the fifth stage, Peer Review Certification is issued with the study pathologists' and reviewing pathologists' signatures. The reviewing pathologist must share the responsibility for the final diagnoses with the study pathologist. In order to gain greater credibility from regulatory agencies, a peer review performance is best made by an independent external pathologist. PMID:9617732

  4. ForPeerReview Channel formation by flow stripping: large-scale scour features along the

    E-print Network

    Parker, Gary

    East Channel and their relation to sediment waves Journal: Sedimentology Manuscript ID: SED-2005-OM-049 1 of 63 Sedimentology #12;ForPeerReview Monterey East ms -- 2005 June 13, 2005 1 Channel formation it Page 2 of 63Sedimentology 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29

  5. Quality Control and Peer Review of Data Sets: Mapping Data Archiving Processes to Data Publication Requirements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mayernik, M. S.; Daniels, M.; Eaker, C.; Strand, G.; Williams, S. F.; Worley, S. J.

    2012-12-01

    Data sets exist within scientific research and knowledge networks as both technical and non-technical entities. Establishing the quality of data sets is a multi-faceted task that encompasses many automated and manual processes. Data sets have always been essential for science research, but now need to be more visible as first-class scholarly objects at national, international, and local levels. Many initiatives are establishing procedures to publish and curate data sets, as well as to promote professional rewards for researchers that collect, create, manage, and preserve data sets. Traditionally, research quality has been assessed by peer review of textual publications, e.g. journal articles, conference proceedings, and books. Citation indices then provide standard measures of productivity used to reward individuals for their peer-reviewed work. Whether a similar peer review process is appropriate for assessing and ensuring the quality of data sets remains as an open question. How does the traditional process of peer review apply to data sets? This presentation will describe current work being done at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in the context of the Peer REview for Publication & Accreditation of Research Data in the Earth sciences (PREPARDE) project. PREPARDE is assessing practices and processes for data peer review, with the goal of developing recommendations. NCAR data management teams perform various kinds of quality assessment and review of data sets prior to making them publicly available. The poster will investigate how notions of peer review relate to the types of data review already in place at NCAR. We highlight the data set characteristics and management/archiving processes that challenge the traditional peer review processes by using a number of questions as probes, including: Who is qualified to review data sets? What formal and informal documentation is necessary to allow someone outside of a research team to review a data set? What data set review can be done pre-publication, and what must be done post-publication? What components of the data sets review processes can be automated, and what components will always require human expertise and evaluation?

  6. Peer Review of Teaching Project (PRTP)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Peer Review of Teaching Project (PRTP) provides faculty with a structured and practical model that combines inquiry into the intellectual work of a course, careful investigation of student understanding and performance, and faculty reflection on teaching effectiveness. Begun in 1994, the PRTP has engaged hundreds of faculty members from numerous universities. In 2005, the project was awarded a TIAA-CREF Theodore M. Hesburgh Award Certificate of Excellence in recognition of it being an exceptional faculty development program designed to enhance undergraduate student achievement. Faculty are invited to become part of the national community exploring how to document the intellectual work of postsecondary teaching. This website is designed to serve as an international repository for course portfolios written by faculty who teach at postsecondary institutions. Faculty are welcome to archive their course portfolio on this site so that their work can be shared, used, and reviewed by other faculty. Faculty are also encouraged to write a review for any of the course portfolios in the repository.

  7. 7 CFR 3400.21 - Scientific peer review for research activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Peer and... Scientific peer review for research activities. Scientific...proposed project for technical quality and relevance to regional...skills to conduct the proposed research work. Peer reviewers may...

  8. Examining the Predictive Validity of NIH Peer Review Scores

    PubMed Central

    Lindner, Mark D.; Nakamura, Richard K.

    2015-01-01

    The predictive validity of peer review at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has not yet been demonstrated empirically. It might be assumed that the most efficient and expedient test of the predictive validity of NIH peer review would be an examination of the correlation between percentile scores from peer review and bibliometric indices of the publications produced from funded projects. The present study used a large dataset to examine the rationale for such a study, to determine if it would satisfy the requirements for a test of predictive validity. The results show significant restriction of range in the applications selected for funding. Furthermore, those few applications that are funded with slightly worse peer review scores are not selected at random or representative of other applications in the same range. The funding institutes also negotiate with applicants to address issues identified during peer review. Therefore, the peer review scores assigned to the submitted applications, especially for those few funded applications with slightly worse peer review scores, do not reflect the changed and improved projects that are eventually funded. In addition, citation metrics by themselves are not valid or appropriate measures of scientific impact. The use of bibliometric indices on their own to measure scientific impact would likely increase the inefficiencies and problems with replicability already largely attributed to the current over-emphasis on bibliometric indices. Therefore, retrospective analyses of the correlation between percentile scores from peer review and bibliometric indices of the publications resulting from funded grant applications are not valid tests of the predictive validity of peer review at the NIH. PMID:26039440

  9. Facilitating Improved Writing among Students through Directed Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crossman, Joanne M.; Kite, Stacey L.

    2012-01-01

    This study contributes to scant empirical investigation of peer critique of writing among heterogeneously grouped native and nonnative speakers of English, now commonplace in higher education. This mixed-methods study investigated the use of directed peer review to improve writing among graduate students, the majority of whom were nonnative…

  10. Peer Mentoring for Health Behavior Change: A Systematic Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petosa, R. L.; Smith, Laureen H.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Peer mentoring can be a powerful complement to health instruction. Mentoring has been used to change health behaviors and promote sustainable lifestyle patterns in adults and, more recently, among adolescents. Purpose: This article reviews the use of peer mentoring to promote health practices and describes how this approach can be used…

  11. [The peer review procedure and its place in medicine].

    PubMed

    Chop, Ines; Eberlein-Gonska, Maria

    2012-01-01

    Peer Review literally meaning "re-inspection by a peer" is a special form of external evaluation whose roots go back to Ancient Greece and which is widely employed in science to assess manuscripts submitted for publication. In the medical context the Peer Review process is defined as structured critical self-reflection through dialogue with colleagues. Its prime objective is to improve the quality of patient care by identifying potentials for improvement and by deriving an action plan. Amongst other things, this includes medical standards and guidelines, indications and their traceability, the monitoring of the treatment process as well as the interdisciplinary cooperation and teamwork between different professional groups. The Peer Review practice in Germany has received strong impetus from comprehensive hospital operator projects like IQM, the "Initiative Qualitätsmedizin", and the Peer Review practice in intensive care. This practice, which has primarily been developed by practitioners for practitioners of their own accord, offers the chance to integrate medical quality with little bureaucratic effort and direct transfer of knowledge back into daily clinical work. Another important approach to promote peer reviewer qualifications is the curriculum "Medical Peer Review", which has been published by the German Medical Association since 2011. (As supplied by publisher). PMID:23084858

  12. Peer Review Plan Date: 11/14/2011

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Plan Date: 11/14/2011 Source Center: Utah Water Science Center 2329 West Orton Circle: This product is considered by the USGS to be Influential Scientific Information. Timing of Review (Including Deferrals): October ­ November 2011. Deferrals are not anticipated. Manner of Review, Selection of Reviewers

  13. The Power of Peer Reviewing to Enhance Writing in Horticulture: Greenhouse Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Neil O.; Flash, Pamela

    2014-01-01

    Peer review is not included in undergraduate horticultural curricula. Our research objectives in an 8- year study, which ranged from 2000 to 2007 in two sections (2000-2002 non-peer reviewed and 2003-2007 peer-reviewed) of Greenhouse Management students at the University of Minnesota were to determine whether iterative peer reviews would result in…

  14. Designing Peer Review for Pedagogical Success: What Can We Learn from Professional Science?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trautmann, Nancy M.

    2009-01-01

    This article compares peer review in professional versus education settings, summarizing key aspects of scientific peer review and reflecting on how these relate to the process as experienced by students. Consideration of professional peer review benefits educators in two ways. First, systems used for student peer review can employ some of the…

  15. Peer Review in Higher Education: Student Perceptions before and after Participation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulder, Raoul A.; Pearce, Jon M.; Baik, Chi

    2014-01-01

    Peer review is integral to academic endeavour, but opportunities for students to benefit from peer review in higher education remain limited, and relatively little is known about how student perceptions influence their appreciation of peer review. University student perceptions were examined before and after experiencing student peer review in…

  16. The Impact of Peer Review on Writing in a Psychology Course: Lessons Learned

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bhullar, Naureen; Rose, Karen C.; Utell, Janine M.; Healey, Kathryn N.

    2014-01-01

    The authors assessed the impact of peer review on student writing in four sections of an undergraduate Developmental Psychology course. They hypothesized that peer review would result in better writing in the peer review group compared to the group with no peer review. Writing was rated independently by two instructors who were blind to the…

  17. The literature of occupational science: A systematic, quantitative examination of peer?reviewed publications from 1996–2006

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jennifer S. Glover

    2009-01-01

    Few works have used a systematic approach to examine the formal body of knowledge of occupational science. This article reports the findings of a quantitative analysis of 244 overtly labeled occupational science articles published in peer?reviewed journals between 1996 and 2006. The sample was obtained through searches of four publication databases and results were statistically analyzed for association of publication?related

  18. Peer Portal: Quality Enhancement in Thesis Writing Using Self-Managed Peer Review on a Mass Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aghaee, Naghmeh; Hansson, Henrik

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes a specially developed online peer-review system, the Peer Portal, and the first results of its use for quality enhancement of bachelor's and master's thesis manuscripts. The peer-review system is completely student driven and therefore saves time for supervisors and creates a direct interaction between students without…

  19. ForPeerReview Persuasive communication and advertising efficacy for

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ForPeerReview Persuasive communication and advertising efficacy for public health policy Research Article Keywords: Persuasive communication, Pragmatics, Social advertising, Health communication and preventive advertising. http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/commresearch Communication Researchhalshs-00410054

  20. Zackenberg Bibliography (30.06.2014) Peer-reviewed papers

    E-print Network

    1 Zackenberg Bibliography (30.06.2014) 2014 Peer-reviewed papers Barraquand, F., Hřye, T.T., Henden Architecture for Sharing Ecological Data Sets with Access and Usage Control Guarantees. In Ames, D.P and Quinn

  1. ForPeerReview Preferential association between childhood emotional abuse

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ForPeerReview Preferential association between childhood emotional abuse and bipolar disorder Exposure: Sexual abuse/assault, childhood Keyword - Statistical Categories: Keyword - Intervention: Keyword association between childhood emotional abuse and bipolar disorder Running head: Emotional abuse and bipolar

  2. 7 CFR 3401.13 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Scientific Peer Review of Research Applications for Funding...individual has engaged in relevant research, the capacities in which...principal investigator, assistant), and the quality of such research; (c) Professional...

  3. 7 CFR 3401.13 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Scientific Peer Review of Research Applications for Funding...individual has engaged in relevant research, the capacities in which...principal investigator, assistant), and the quality of such research; (c) Professional...

  4. 7 CFR 3401.13 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Scientific Peer Review of Research Applications for Funding...individual has engaged in relevant research, the capacities in which...principal investigator, assistant), and the quality of such research; (c) Professional...

  5. 7 CFR 3400.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3400...individual has engaged in relevant research, the capacities in which...principal investigator, assistant), and the quality of such research; (3) Professional...

  6. 7 CFR 3400.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3400...individual has engaged in relevant research, the capacities in which...principal investigator, assistant), and the quality of such research; (3) Professional...

  7. 7 CFR 3400.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3400...individual has engaged in relevant research, the capacities in which...principal investigator, assistant), and the quality of such research; (3) Professional...

  8. 7 CFR 3401.13 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Scientific Peer Review of Research Applications for Funding...individual has engaged in relevant research, the capacities in which...principal investigator, assistant), and the quality of such research; (c) Professional...

  9. 7 CFR 3400.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3400...individual has engaged in relevant research, the capacities in which...principal investigator, assistant), and the quality of such research; (3) Professional...

  10. 7 CFR 3406.23 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Continued) COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 1890 INSTITUTION CAPACITY BUILDING GRANTS PROGRAM Supplementary Information § 3406.23 Access to peer review information. After final...

  11. 7 CFR 3406.23 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...23 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE 1890 INSTITUTION CAPACITY BUILDING GRANTS PROGRAM Supplementary Information § 3406.23 Access to peer review...

  12. 7 CFR 3415.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.11...

  13. 7 CFR 3415.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.11...

  14. 7 CFR 3415.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.11...

  15. 7 CFR 3415.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.11...

  16. PUBLISHER'S ANNOUNCEMENT: Notice of changes to peer-review policy in Superconductor Science and Technology Notice of changes to peer-review policy in Superconductor Science and Technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miller, Tom

    2009-01-01

    Over the past few months, there have been a number of significant changes to the editorial peer-review system for Superconductor Science and Technology (SUST) and I would like to take this opportunity to clarify them. All regular papers submitted to the journal will now be reviewed by at least two independent anonymous referees. In the past, we have sought only one report before consulting with the Editor-in-Chief. This change is being introduced to bring SUST into line with the standard practices of IOP Publishing journals. We have now also reviewed the procedure for handling rapid communications. Rapid communications are short papers describing work that can be considered as being a major breakthrough or having major significance within the field. As such these articles are fast-tracked through our production process post-acceptance. All authors of rapid communications must now submit a letter of justification with their article explaining why their manuscript requires urgent attention. In addition, rapid communications will now be pre-reviewed by our Rapid Communications and Reviews Editor, who will make an editorial judgement as to whether it should be considered as a rapid communication or as a regular paper. We will still seek two reports from independent referees for all rapid communications. We believe that these new procedures will help us to increase the overall quality of what is already a recognized high-impact journal for the superconductivity community. We will be making further changes to the peer-review system over the coming months and I will write to you again when they are ready to be implemented. If you have any suggestions or queries, please do not hesitate to contact us at sust@iop.org.

  17. Peer Review and Bibliometric: Potentials and Problems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lutz Bornmann

    \\u000a Among the various human activities, activities in science are those that are the most subject to evaluation by peers (Laloë\\u000a and Mosseri 2009). Such evaluations ­determine, among ranking positions of universities, who gets which job, who gets tenure,\\u000a and who gets which awards and honors (Feist 2006). For the THE – QS World University Rankings, the assessment by peers is

  18. Public Peer-Review: effectiveness and perspectives of transparency and self-regulation in scientific quality assurance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pöschl, Ulrich

    2010-05-01

    The traditional ways of scholarly publishing and peer-review do not live up to the needs of efficient communication and quality assurance in today's rapidly developing and highly diverse world of science. Substantial improvement can be achieved by an open access two-stage publication process with interactive peer-review and public discussion. It enables rapid publication and dissemination of new results in discussion papers followed by thorough and transparent peer-review which is open for input from the scientific community (permanently archived and fully citable), and it leads to final revised papers with maximum quality assurance and information density. This approach has been successfully realized and applied in a series of interactive open access journals launched and operated by EGU and the professional publisher Copernicus since 2001. The aims, achievements and perspectives of the EGU interactive open access journals and the perspectives of interactive open access publishing and public peer-review will be outlined and discussed. Reference: U. Pöschl, Interactive journal concept for improved scientific publishing and quality assurance, Learned Publishing, 17, 105-113, 2004.

  19. Protecting Peer-review: Correspondence Chronology and Ethical Analysis Regarding Logothetis vs. Shmuel and Leopold

    PubMed Central

    Fox, Peter T.; Bullmore, Ed; Bandettini, Peter A.; Lancaster, Jack L.

    2009-01-01

    Editors of scientific journals are ethically bound to provide a fair and impartial peer-review process and to protect the rights of contributing authors to publish research results. If, however, a dispute arises among investigators regarding data ownership and the right to publish, the ethical responsibilities of journal editors become more complex. The editors of Human Brain Mapping recently had the unusual experience of learning of an ongoing dispute regarding data-access rights pertaining to a manuscript already accepted for publication. Herein the editors describe the nature of the dispute, the steps taken to explore and resolve the conflict, and discuss the ethical principles that govern such circumstances. Drawing on this experience and with the goal of avoiding future controversies, the editors have formulated a Data Rights Policy and a Data Rights Procedure for Human Brain Mapping. Human Brain Mapping adopts this policy effective immediately and respectfully suggests that other journals consider adopting this or similar policies. PMID:19067328

  20. Peer-reviewed Journal Publications D. Bruce, P. Pathmanathan, J. Whiteley. Modelling the effect of gap junctions on tissue-level cardiac

    E-print Network

    Martin, Ralph R.

    of computational cardiac models, Frontiers in Physiology, vol 4(358), 2013. P. Pathmanathan & R. Gray, Verification of computational models of cardiac electro-physiology, Int. Journal for Numerical Methods in Bioengineering. Niederer, D. Gavaghan, D. Kay. Computational modelling of cardiac electro-physiology: explanation

  1. American Journalism Review

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Published under the careful hand of staff members at the Philip Merrill College of Journalism at the University of Maryland, the American Journalism Review comes out six times a year. The print magazine is available here for the general public in an electronic format, and contains articles ranging from the changing media landscape in the United States and to discussions about whether newsrooms should use the names of illegal immigrants in their reporting on various events. If visitors so desire, they may also browse the archives of this publication all the way back to 1991. Those in the field of journalism (or those who are just curious about the field) should browse on over to the â??Resourcesâ?ť area. Here they can learn about journalism fellowships and look over a list of helpful â??Reportersâ?? Toolsâ?ť, which are essentially links to like-minded sites. For those looking for a break from the normal supply of stoic headlines, there is the â??Take 2â?ť area of the site. With just a click of the mouse, users can read a number of funny errors and clever headlines culled straight from the wide world of the American media.

  2. A Web-Based Interface for Student Peer Review, Problem-Based Learning, and Peer Pressure

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Joshua Duke

    2003-01-01

    Because many students in land-grant colleges focus their studies in the natural sciences, they often find the writing assignments associated with classes in the social science of natural resource management to be especially challenging. Such writing assignments tend to depend on argumentation, rather than finding the answer, or controlled experimentation. This paper describes developing and implementing a web-based interface for a course in environmental law to overcome some of these difficulties. In a problem-based learning context, the interface promotes student peer review, which improves argumentation. Data suggest that students are comfortable learning in groups and that learning becomes easier when coupled with group activities, including peer review through the interface. In addition, the quality of student argumentation is found to improve through peer pressure.

  3. This is a post-peer-review pre-print version of an article published in Journal of Romance Studies. The definitive publisher-authenticated version of "Williams, M.T. (2004) Plein soleil

    E-print Network

    Southampton, University of

    2004-01-01

    1 This is a post-peer-review pre-print version of an article published been transposed into the two films. Such sun-drenched (homo)erotics seem far removed from the oblique to elucidate variations and idiosyncrasies in the films' reworking of Highsmith, I will attempt

  4. Emerging trends in peer review-a survey.

    PubMed

    Walker, Richard; Rocha da Silva, Pascal

    2015-01-01

    "Classical peer review" has been subject to intense criticism for slowing down the publication process, bias against specific categories of paper and author, unreliability, inability to detect errors and fraud, unethical practices, and the lack of recognition for unpaid reviewers. This paper surveys innovative forms of peer review that attempt to address these issues. Based on an initial literature review, we construct a sample of 82 channels of scientific communication covering all forms of review identified by the survey, and analyze the review mechanisms used by each channel. We identify two major trends: the rapidly expanding role of preprint servers (e.g., ArXiv) that dispense with traditional peer review altogether, and the growth of "non-selective review," focusing on papers' scientific quality rather than their perceived importance and novelty. Other potentially important developments include forms of "open review," which remove reviewer anonymity, and interactive review, as well as new mechanisms for post-publication review and out-of-channel reader commentary, especially critical commentary targeting high profile papers. One of the strongest findings of the survey is the persistence of major differences between the peer review processes used by different disciplines. None of these differences is likely to disappear in the foreseeable future. The most likely scenario for the coming years is thus continued diversification, in which different review mechanisms serve different author, reader, and publisher needs. Relatively little is known about the impact of these innovations on the problems they address. These are important questions for future quantitative research. PMID:26074753

  5. Emerging trends in peer review—a survey

    PubMed Central

    Walker, Richard; Rocha da Silva, Pascal

    2015-01-01

    “Classical peer review” has been subject to intense criticism for slowing down the publication process, bias against specific categories of paper and author, unreliability, inability to detect errors and fraud, unethical practices, and the lack of recognition for unpaid reviewers. This paper surveys innovative forms of peer review that attempt to address these issues. Based on an initial literature review, we construct a sample of 82 channels of scientific communication covering all forms of review identified by the survey, and analyze the review mechanisms used by each channel. We identify two major trends: the rapidly expanding role of preprint servers (e.g., ArXiv) that dispense with traditional peer review altogether, and the growth of “non-selective review,” focusing on papers' scientific quality rather than their perceived importance and novelty. Other potentially important developments include forms of “open review,” which remove reviewer anonymity, and interactive review, as well as new mechanisms for post-publication review and out-of-channel reader commentary, especially critical commentary targeting high profile papers. One of the strongest findings of the survey is the persistence of major differences between the peer review processes used by different disciplines. None of these differences is likely to disappear in the foreseeable future. The most likely scenario for the coming years is thus continued diversification, in which different review mechanisms serve different author, reader, and publisher needs. Relatively little is known about the impact of these innovations on the problems they address. These are important questions for future quantitative research. PMID:26074753

  6. A Study of Technical Engineering Peer Reviews at NASA

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chao, Lawrence P.; Tumer, Irem Y.; Bell, David G.

    2003-01-01

    This report describes the state of practices of design reviews at NASA and research into what can be done to improve peer review practices. There are many types of reviews at NASA: required and not, formalized and informal, programmatic and technical. Standing project formal reviews such as the Preliminary Design Review and Critical Design Review are a required part of every project and mission development. However, the technical, engineering peer reviews that support teams' work on such projects are informal, some times ad hoc, and inconsistent across the organization. The goal of this work is to identify best practices and lessons learned from NASA's experience, supported by academic research and methodologies to ultimately improve the process. This research has determined that the organization, composition, scope, and approach of the reviews impact their success. Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) can identify key areas of concern before or in the reviews. Product definition tools like the Project Priority Matrix, engineering-focused Customer Value Chain Analysis (CVCA), and project or system-based Quality Function Deployment (QFD) help prioritize resources in reviews. The use of information technology and structured design methodologies can strengthen the engineering peer review process to help NASA work towards error-proofing the design process.

  7. Calibrated peer review assignments for the earth sciences

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Rudd, J.A., II; Wang, V.Z.; Cervato, C.; Ridky, R.W.

    2009-01-01

    Calibrated Peer Review ??? (CPR), a web-based instructional tool developed as part of the National Science Foundation reform initiatives in undergraduate science education, allows instructors to incorporate multiple writing assignments in large courses without overwhelming the instructor. This study reports successful implementation of CPR in a large, introductory geology course and student learning of geoscience content. For each CPR assignment in this study, students studied web-based and paper resources, wrote an essay, and reviewed seven essays (three from the instructor, three from peers, and their own) on the topic. Although many students expressed negative attitudes and concerns, particularly about the peer review process of this innovative instructional approach, they also recognized the learning potential of completing CPR assignments. Comparing instruction on earthquakes and plate boundaries using a CPR assignment vs. an instructional video lecture and homework essay with extensive instructor feedback, students mastered more content via CPR instruction.

  8. Final Independent External Peer Review Report Olmsted Locks and Dam 52 and 53 Replacement

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Final Independent External Peer Review Report Olmsted Locks and Dam 52 and 53 Replacement Project Review Report Olmsted Locks and Dam 52 and 53 Replacement Project Updated Cost Estimate Peer Review and Dam 52 and 53 Replacement Project Updated Cost Estimate Peer Review EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Project

  9. 45 CFR 60.10 - Reporting negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...peer review organizations or private accreditation entities. ...NATIONAL PRACTITIONER DATA BANK FOR ADVERSE INFORMATION ON...peer review organizations or private accreditation entities. ...peer review organization or private accreditation entity....

  10. 45 CFR 60.10 - Reporting negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...peer review organizations or private accreditation entities. ...NATIONAL PRACTITIONER DATA BANK FOR ADVERSE INFORMATION ON...peer review organizations or private accreditation entities. ...peer review organization or private accreditation entity....

  11. 45 CFR 60.10 - Reporting negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...peer review organizations or private accreditation entities. ...NATIONAL PRACTITIONER DATA BANK FOR ADVERSE INFORMATION ON...peer review organizations or private accreditation entities. ...peer review organization or private accreditation entity....

  12. Critiquing Scholarship as Formal Review: The Role and Responsibilities of Readers for Academic Journals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    This article describes the various components of a successful review from the standpoint of a veteran journal editor and encourages, in particular, young scholars to consider, if they have not already done so, becoming active participants not only in the authoring of scholarly work, but also as reviewers in the peer review process that is part of…

  13. 7 CFR 3411.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE NATIONAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE COMPETITIVE GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3411.10 Establishment and operation of peer review...

  14. 7 CFR 3400.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3400.10 Establishment and operation of peer review groups....

  15. 7 CFR 3400.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3400.10 Establishment and operation of peer review groups....

  16. 7 CFR 3411.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE NATIONAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE COMPETITIVE GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3411.10 Establishment and operation of peer review...

  17. 7 CFR 3400.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3400.10 Establishment and operation of peer review groups....

  18. 7 CFR 3400.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3400.10 Establishment and operation of peer review groups....

  19. 7 CFR 3400.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3400.10 Establishment and operation of peer review groups....

  20. Connecting the role of school superintendents to teaching and learning in schools: a research synthesis of three educational administration peer reviewed research journals between 1983-2006 

    E-print Network

    Shidemantle, Steven Paul

    2008-10-10

    This exploratory synthesis of research was the product of three years of dissertation research efforts that systematically reviewed 23 years of empirical articles between 1983 (or its inception) and 2006 from three of ...

  1. Scottish Universities Physics Alliance Peer Reviewed

    E-print Network

    Strathclyde, University of

    ; Couder, M; Loiselet, M; Ryckewaert, G; Descouvemont, P; Aliotta, M; Davinson, T; Liu, Z; Woods, P Wood, AJ; Ackland, GJ; Lenton, TM JOURNAL OF THEORETICAL BIOLOGY Vol. 242, Is. 1, 188-198, (2006, M; Davinson, T; Ruiz, C; Woods, PJ; D'Auria, JM; Buchmann, L; Chen, AA; Laird, AM; Sarazin, F

  2. Publications on Health Peer-Reviewed Articles

    E-print Network

    Lopez-Carr, David

    or Spurious Census Data: Spooning through the Yogurt Myth.Journal of Rural Studies (27): 135-149. Jones, I., D-4 pp. 273 ­ 290. Book Chapters Ervin, D. A. López-Carr, D. López-Carr (2013). The Nutrition Transition

  3. Designing for the Future: The New Open Suite of Programs and Peer Review Process

    E-print Network

    Charette, André

    the efficiency and effectiveness of CIHR's funding and peer review processes by: - Reducing funding program, what will CIHR have achieved? Our goal in designing the new Open Suite of Programs and peer review. It also includes an expert peer review system that is well-managed, fair, and transparent in the selection

  4. COURSE PORTFOLIO INITIATIVEFall 2001 Volume 1: Number 1 Peer Review of Teaching &

    E-print Network

    Polly, David

    COURSE PORTFOLIO INITIATIVEFall 2001 · Volume 1: Number 1 Peer Review of Teaching & Course Portfolios This document provides an overview of the peer review effort at Indiana Univer- sity, Bloomington portfolios, describes the peer review pro- cess, presents a calendar of activities, and aims to answer

  5. Pre-University Chemistry Students in a Mimicked Scholarly Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Rens, Lisette; Hermarij, Philip; Pilot, Albert; Beishuizen, Jos; Hofman, Herman; Wal, Marjolein

    2014-01-01

    Peer review is a significant component in scientific research. Introducing peer review into inquiry processes may be regarded as an aim to develop student understanding regarding quality in inquiries. This study examines student understanding in inquiry peer reviews among pre-university chemistry students, aged 16-17, when they enact a design of a…

  6. Predicting Academics' Willingness to Participate in Peer Review of Teaching: A Quantitative Investigation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Kiri; Boehm, Emilia; Chester, Andrea

    2014-01-01

    Peer review of teaching is a collegial process designed to help academics reflect on and improve their teaching practice. Considerable research supports the value of peer review of teaching. However, uptake of voluntary programs is typically low. Few studies have examined the predictors of engagement in voluntary peer review. This study surveyed…

  7. Adapting Peer Review to an Online Course: An Exploratory Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knight, Linda V.; Steinbach, Theresa A.

    2011-01-01

    With demonstrated benefits to higher level learning, peer review in the classroom has been well researched and popular since at least the 1990s. However, little or no prior studies exist into the peer review process for online courses. Further, we found no prior research specifically addressing the operational aspects of online peer review. This…

  8. The Potential of Dual-Language Cross-Cultural Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruecker, Todd

    2011-01-01

    This article explores the potential of dual-language cross-cultural peer review and how it improves on traditional monolingual and monocultural peer review. Drawing on scholarship related to international exchange programmes, peer review, and two-way immersion programmes in the United States as well as data collected while facilitating the…

  9. Building Scholarly Writers: Student Perspectives on Peer Review in a Doctoral Writing Seminar

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adamek, Margaret Ellen

    2015-01-01

    Peer review was used as a primary pedagogical tool in a scholarly writing course for social work doctoral students. To gauge student response to peer review and learning as a result of peer review, the instructor used narrative analysis to organize student comments into themes. Themes identified included initial trepidation, "no pain, no…

  10. How Does Student Peer Review Influence Perceptions, Engagement and Academic Outcomes? A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulder, Raoul; Baik, Chi; Naylor, Ryan; Pearce, Jon

    2014-01-01

    Involving students in peer review has many pedagogical benefits, but few studies have explicitly investigated relationships between the content of peer reviews, student perceptions and assessment outcomes. We conducted a case study of peer review within a third-year undergraduate subject at a research-intensive Australian university, in which we…

  11. LeaD-In: A Cultural Change Model for Peer Review of Teaching in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnard, A.; Nash, R.; McEvoy, K.; Shannon, S.; Waters, C.; Rochester, S.; Bolt, S.

    2015-01-01

    Peer review of teaching is recognized increasingly as one strategy for academic development even though historically peer review of teaching is often unsupported by policy, action and culture in many Australian universities. Higher education leaders report that academics generally do not engage with peer review of teaching in a systematic or…

  12. Quality in Research and the Significance of Community Assessment and Peer Review: Education's Idiosyncrasy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Macnab, Natasha; Thomas, Gary

    2007-01-01

    Calls for the quality of educational research to be monitored more carefully are examined in the context of the most widely used and trusted form of quality screening, namely, that afforded by peer review. The serious limitations of peer review for this purpose, especially in education, are outlined before discussing the place of peer review

  13. Doing More with Less: Effective Research and Peer Review

    EPA Science Inventory

    This short discourse is an excerpt from the Founders Award address presented by Dr. Ankley last fall at the Annual SETAC meeting in Tampa, FL. In it he discusses the importance of knowing when to quit pursuing a line of research, and the importance of peer review....

  14. Peer Reviewers' Dilemmas: Values Antinomies when Evaluating Higher Education Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patry, Jean-Luc; Gastager, Angela

    2012-01-01

    Whenever evaluations are done, there are antinomies of interests both within and between stakeholders. To account for such antinomies, taxonomy has been developed which will be presented and discussed using the peer review processes in university evaluations as example. The taxonomy contains four dimensions: a) seven values domains are…

  15. Constructing the Components of a Lab Report Using Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berry, David E.; Fawkes, Kelli L.

    2010-01-01

    A protocol that emphasizes lab report writing using a piecemeal approach coupled with peer review is described. As the lab course progresses, the focus of the report writing changes sequentially through the abstract and introduction, the discussion, and the procedure. Two styles of lab programs are presented. One style rotates the students through…

  16. June 24, 2013 Final Independent External Peer Review Report

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    and Environmental Impact Statement Lake Worth Inlet, Palm Beach Harbor Prepared by Battelle Memorial Institute on the Draft Integrated Feasibility Report and Environmental Impact Statement Lake Worth Inlet, Palm Beach Peer Review Report on the Draft Integrated Feasibility Report and Environmental Impact Statement Lake

  17. Instructors' Uses, Experiences, Thoughts and Suggestions regarding Calibrated Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gunersel, Adalet Baris; Simpson, Nancy J.

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents a qualitative study conducted with faculty members who participated in a project funded by the National Science Foundation focusing on student development with Calibrated Peer Review (CPR)[TM], a web-based tool created to promote writing and critical-thinking skills. The purpose of the study was to gain an understanding of…

  18. Development of Student Writing in Biochemistry Using Calibrated Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartberg, Yasha; Gunersel, Adalet Baris; Simspon, Nancy J.; Balester, Valerie

    2008-01-01

    This study investigating the effectiveness of Calibrated Peer Review (CPR )[TM] in a senior-level biochemistry class had three purposes: to (a) compare the CPR process for feedback with TA-generated feedback in improving students' ability to write scientific abstracts; (b) compare CPR results for males and females; and (c) observe whether CPR…

  19. Trans-NIH Regional Grant Writing & Scientific Peer Review Workshops

    Cancer.gov

    CGH organizes The Regional Grant Writing & Scientific Peer Review Workshops in coordination with several Institutes and Centers across NIH to increase the participation of scientists from LMICs in the research grant process; develop strategies for sustainable research support and collaborations; and use competitive research as a tool to address global health issues.

  20. Rochester City School District Peer Assistance Review Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zuroski, Kathryn

    2010-01-01

    In this paper the author evaluates the Peer Assistance and Review (PAR) program in the Rochester City School District, Rochester, NY. The author evaluates the system's strengths and weaknesses and discusses the program's alignment with New York State requirements. The paper addresses the benefits to teachers and the school district that…

  1. Knowledge Media Institute Redesigning the Peer Review Process

    E-print Network

    -in-Action Tamara Sumner, Simon Buckingham Shum, Michael Wright, Nathalie Bonnardel & Aline Chevalier KMI-TR-96 June., Buckingham Shum, S., Wright, M., Bonnardel, N., & Chevalier, A. (2000). Redesigning the Peer Review Process Theory-in-Action Tamara Sumner, Simon Buckingham Shum, Michael Wright, Nathalie Bonnardel & Aline

  2. April 2, 2013 Final Independent External Peer Review Report

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Michigan shoreline and, in particular, to Lake Shore Drive, a major transportation artery in the City: The project for storm damage reduction and shore protection, Lake Michigan, Illinois, from Wilmette, IllinoisApril 2, 2013 Final Independent External Peer Review Report Illinois Shoreline Erosion, Interim III

  3. Teacher Immediacy: Reflections on a Peer Review of Teaching Scheme

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nixon, Sarah; Vickerman, Philip; Maynard, Carol

    2010-01-01

    Using a qualitative approach drawing on the experiences of four HE lecturers, this study provides an exploration of and insights into a peer review of teaching (PRT) scheme, which focused on teacher immediacy and communication skills. Within the United Kingdom, limited research has been undertaken in relation to teacher immediacy even though…

  4. Investigating Mandatory Peer Review of Teaching In Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brix, Jacinta; Grainger, Peter; Hill, Angela

    2014-01-01

    Accountability agendas are influencing the secondary education sector in Australian schools. Analysis of student achievement, student feedback mechanisms and personal reflection are forming part of these agendas as methods of teacher evaluation. Additionally, and more recently, teacher evaluation through "peer review" is emerging as a…

  5. Collaborative Learning through Formative Peer Review with Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eaton, Carrie Diaz; Wade, Stephanie

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes a collaboration between a mathematician and a compositionist who developed a sequence of collaborative writing assignments for calculus. This sequence of developmentally appropriate assignments presents peer review as a collaborative process that promotes reflection, deepens understanding, and improves exposition. First, we…

  6. NIH Mulls Ways to Lure Back Veteran Peer Reviewers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brainard, Jeffrey

    2008-01-01

    Not long ago, academic scientists welcomed calls from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) asking them to volunteer as peer reviewers. Many were glad for the opportunity to help distribute billions of dollars in federal biomedical-research grants even though the service required a big time commitment--the equivalent of one month a year to…

  7. Enhancing Proof Writing via Cross-Institutional Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ernst, Dana C.; Hodge, Angie; Schultz, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    In the Spring of 2011, two of the authors of this paper taught number theory courses at their respective institutions. Twice during the semester, students in each class submitted proofs of two to three theorems to be peer reviewed by students in the other class. Each student wrote anonymous and formal referee reports of the submitted theorems,…

  8. Teaching Undergraduates the Process of Peer Review: Learning by Doing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rangachari, P. K.

    2010-01-01

    An active approach allowed undergraduates in Health Sciences to learn the dynamics of peer review at first hand. A four-stage process was used. In "stage 1", students formed self-selected groups to explore specific issues. In "stage 2", each group posted their interim reports online on a specific date. Each student read all the other reports and…

  9. Reviewer acknowledgement 2013

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Contributing reviewers A peer-reviewed journal would not survive without the generous time and insightful comments of the reviewers, whose efforts often go unrecognized. Journal of Medical Case Reports has been blessed by the support of highly-qualified peer reviewers, and the Editor-in-Chief, Michael Kidd, and staff of the journal would like to show their appreciation by thanking the following for their invaluable assistance with review of manuscripts for the journal in Volume 8 (2013). PMID:24447881

  10. A Look Backward: The Peer Review Program of the American Psychological Association

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elissa DeWitt

    1989-01-01

    The American Psychological Association (APA) contracted with a major insurance company to implement an experimental peer review program between 1982 and 1986. One hundred fifty mental health treatment reports (MHTRs) and 72 corresponding peer reviews were analyzed to determine criteria for review and review outcome. Longer, more intensive treatments were reviewed more often, and shorter treatments were reviewed more positively.

  11. Using Web-Based Discussion Forums as a Model of the Peer-Review Process and a Tool for Assessment

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Sherry L. Jenkins (Mount Sinai School of Medicine; Department of Pharmacology and Systems Therapeutics REV)

    2008-03-04

    This Teaching Resource describes how to use an online asynchronous discussion as a mechanism to introduce students to the peer-review process, as well as to assess student performance and understanding. This method was applied to a graduate course on signal transduction and the Teaching Resource includes a syllabus, detailed plan for incorporating the online discussion, sample journal club questions, and sample student responses to the discussion forum, faculty responses, and student revisions.

  12. Lessons from Peer Support Among Individuals with Mental Health Difficulties: A Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Miyamoto, Yuki; Sono, Tamaki

    2012-01-01

    We conducted a comprehensive narrative review and used a systematic search strategy to identify studies related to peer support among adults with mental health difficulties. The purposes of this review were to describe the principles, effects and benefits of peer support documented in the published literature, to discuss challenging aspects of peer support and to investigate lessons from peer support. Fifty-one studies, including 8 review articles and 19 qualitative studies, met the inclusion criteria for this review. Most of the challenges for peer support were related to “role” and “relationship” issues; that is, how peer support providers relate to people who receive peer support and how peer support providers are treated in the system. The knowledge gained from peer support relationships, such as mutual responsibility and interdependence, might be a clue toward redefining the helper-helper relationship as well as the concepts of help and support. PMID:22563347

  13. Assessing Reviewer's Performance Based on Mining Problem Localization in Peer-Review Data

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wenting Xiong; Diane J. Litman; Christian D. Schunn

    2010-01-01

    Current peer-review software lacks intelligence for responding to students' reviewing performance. As an example of an additional intelligent assessment component to such software, we propose an evaluation system that generates assessment on reviewers' reviewing skills regarding the issue of problem localization. We take a data mining approach, using standard supervised machine learning to build classifiers based on attributes extracted from

  14. Peer review of the trusted software methodology

    SciTech Connect

    Chisholm, G.H. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Gannon, J.D. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)]|[Univ. of Maryland, Baltimore, MD (United States); Kemmerer, R.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)]|[Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States); McHugh, J. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)]|[Portland State Univ., OR (United States)

    1994-02-01

    The review and analysis of the Trusted Software Methodology (TSM) by a panel of experts in various areas of computer science, computer security, and engineering are reported. The approach to the conduct of the review is described, and a brief introduction to the TSM is provided. The findings from the review fall into three categories: achievements, desirable additions, and changes. In addition, several recommendations are made with respect to application of the TSM within the purview of the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization.

  15. Clinical peer review in the United States: History, legal development and subsequent abuse

    PubMed Central

    Vyas, Dinesh; Hozain, Ahmed E

    2014-01-01

    The Joint Commission on Accreditation requires hospitals to conduct peer review to retain accreditation. Despite the intended purpose of improving quality medical care, the peer review process has suffered several setbacks throughout its tenure. In the 1980s, abuse of peer review for personal economic interest led to a highly publicized multimillion-dollar verdict by the United States Supreme Court against the perpetrating physicians and hospital. The verdict led to decreased physician participation for fear of possible litigation. Believing that peer review was critical to quality medical care, Congress subsequently enacted the Health Care Quality Improvement Act (HCQIA) granting comprehensive legal immunity for peer reviewers to increase participation. While serving its intended goal, HCQIA has also granted peer reviewers significant immunity likely emboldening abuses resulting in Sham Peer Reviews. While legal reform of HCQIA is necessary to reduce sham peer reviews, further measures including the need for standardization of the peer review process alongside external organizational monitoring are critical to improving peer review and reducing the prevalence of sham peer reviews. PMID:24914357

  16. Bound by Tradition? Peer Review and New Scholarship: An Institutional Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Barbara Jo; Cruz, Laura; Ellern, Jill; Ford, George; Moss, Hollye

    2012-01-01

    Peer review is by no means a routine process for traditional, or basic, research. Even so, peer review is even less routinized for other forms of scholarship. In 1990, Ernest Boyer called for a reconsideration of scholarship and extended the definition to be inclusive of non-traditional modes of scholarly production and delivery. However, peer

  17. Exploring Peer Review in the Computer Science Classroom

    E-print Network

    Turner, Scott

    2009-01-01

    In computer science, students could benefit from more opportunities to learn important, high-level concepts and to improve their learning skills. Peer review is one method to encourage this by providing students with the opportunity to evaluate other people's work and to receive feedback on their own projects. This allows for rich learning experience but it is not immediately obvious how to create a programming project review that will improve the students' conceptual understanding, require higher level thinking, and be engaging. The current literature does not typically address differences between review implementations or provide reasons for design decisions. This work explored how two different types of reviews affected the students' learning of concepts, high-level thinking, and engagement. There were indications that the type of review affected how well students addressed the concept they were reviewing and the comments' length. This shows that the review's type may affect student engagement and conceptu...

  18. Journal of Information, Law, and Technology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    JILT, an "electronic law journal covering a range of topics relating to IT law and applications," publishes a combination of peer and non-peer reviewed articles, as well as reviews, commentaries, and related news.

  19. Grant Peer Review: Improving Inter-Rater Reliability with Training.

    PubMed

    Sattler, David N; McKnight, Patrick E; Naney, Linda; Mathis, Randy

    2015-01-01

    This study developed and evaluated a brief training program for grant reviewers that aimed to increase inter-rater reliability, rating scale knowledge, and effort to read the grant review criteria. Enhancing reviewer training may improve the reliability and accuracy of research grant proposal scoring and funding recommendations. Seventy-five Public Health professors from U.S. research universities watched the training video we produced and assigned scores to the National Institutes of Health scoring criteria proposal summary descriptions. For both novice and experienced reviewers, the training video increased scoring accuracy (the percentage of scores that reflect the true rating scale values), inter-rater reliability, and the amount of time reading the review criteria compared to the no video condition. The increase in reliability for experienced reviewers is notable because it is commonly assumed that reviewers-especially those with experience-have good understanding of the grant review rating scale. The findings suggest that both experienced and novice reviewers who had not received the type of training developed in this study may not have appropriate understanding of the definitions and meaning for each value of the rating scale and that experienced reviewers may overestimate their knowledge of the rating scale. The results underscore the benefits of and need for specialized peer reviewer training. PMID:26075884

  20. Grant Peer Review: Improving Inter-Rater Reliability with Training

    PubMed Central

    Sattler, David N.; McKnight, Patrick E.; Naney, Linda; Mathis, Randy

    2015-01-01

    This study developed and evaluated a brief training program for grant reviewers that aimed to increase inter-rater reliability, rating scale knowledge, and effort to read the grant review criteria. Enhancing reviewer training may improve the reliability and accuracy of research grant proposal scoring and funding recommendations. Seventy-five Public Health professors from U.S. research universities watched the training video we produced and assigned scores to the National Institutes of Health scoring criteria proposal summary descriptions. For both novice and experienced reviewers, the training video increased scoring accuracy (the percentage of scores that reflect the true rating scale values), inter-rater reliability, and the amount of time reading the review criteria compared to the no video condition. The increase in reliability for experienced reviewers is notable because it is commonly assumed that reviewers—especially those with experience—have good understanding of the grant review rating scale. The findings suggest that both experienced and novice reviewers who had not received the type of training developed in this study may not have appropriate understanding of the definitions and meaning for each value of the rating scale and that experienced reviewers may overestimate their knowledge of the rating scale. The results underscore the benefits of and need for specialized peer reviewer training. PMID:26075884

  1. CPTC Experts Author Proteomics Review in the Journal of Proteome Research

    Cancer.gov

    CPTC experts authored a review of the current state of clinical proteomics in the peer-reviewed Journal of Proteome Research. The review highlights outcomes from the CPTC program and also provides a thorough overview of the different technologies that have pushed the field forward. Additionally, the review provides a vision for moving the field forward through linking advances in genomic and proteomic analysis to develop new, molecularly targeted interventions.

  2. To Propose a Reviewer Dispatching Algorithm for Networked Peer Assessment System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Eric Zhi-Feng

    2005-01-01

    Despite their increasing availability on the Internet, networked peer assessment systems (1-5) lack feasible automatic dispatching algorithm of student's assignments and ultimately inhibit the effectiveness of peer assessment. Therefore, this study presents a reviewer dispatching algorithm capable of supporting networked peer assessment system in…

  3. Social Experiences with Peers and High School Graduation: A review of theoretical and empirical research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frank Vitaro

    2007-01-01

    This article reviews theoretical and empirical work on the relations between child and adolescent peer experiences and high school graduation. First, the different developmental models that guide research in this domain will be explained. Then, descriptions of peer experiences at the group level (peer acceptance\\/rejection, victimisation, and crowd affiliation) and at the dyadic level (friendship and clique membership) will be

  4. Peer-Led Interventions to Reduce HIV Risk of Youth: A Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maticka-Tyndale, Eleanor; Barnett, Jessica Penwell

    2010-01-01

    One approach in HIV prevention programming targeting youth is to use peer leaders in what is referred to as peer education programming. This paper critically reviews and synthesizes the results and lessons learned from 24 evaluated peer-led programs with an HIV/AIDS risk reduction component that target youth in the communities where they live and…

  5. Issues of cultural appropriateness and pedagogical efficacy: exploring peer review in a second language writing class

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guangwei Hu; Sandra Tsui Eu Lam

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports on a study designed to investigate (a) whether peer review is an effective pedagogical activity with adult\\u000a Chinese students in the teaching of second language (L2) academic writing and (b) how factors such as perceptions of the influence\\u000a of peer reviewers’ L2 proficiency, previous experience with peer review, feedback preferences, and culturally-based beliefs\\u000a and practices relate to

  6. ForPeerReview Review: The Predictability of the Extra-tropical Stratosphere on monthly

    E-print Network

    Gerber, Edwin

    ForPeerReview Review: The Predictability of the Extra-tropical Stratosphere on monthly timescales-time stratospheric polar vortex has been shown to affect extratropical tropospheric weather. Therefore, reducing stratospheric forecast error may be one way to improve the skill of tropospheric weather forecasts

  7. Reviewer Acknowledgement 2013

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Contributing reviewers A peer-reviewed journal would not survive without the generous time and insightful comments of the reviewers, whose efforts often go unrecognized. Trials has been blessed by the support of highly-qualified peer reviewers, and the Editors-in-Chief, Doug Altman, Curt Furberg and Jeremy Grimshaw, and staff of the journal would like to show their appreciation by thanking the following for their invaluable assistance with review of manuscripts for the journal in Volume 14 (2013). PMID:25928773

  8. Peer Review of Psychodynamic PsychotherapyExperimental Studies of the American Psychological Association\\/ CHAMPUS Program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lawrence H. Cohen; Diane Pizzirusso

    1982-01-01

    Two factorial experiments examined the effects of reviewer theoretical orientation, documented treatment progress, and patient concurrence data on the peer review of clinical treatment reports that described long-term psychodynamic psychotherapi with a depressed, female outpatient. The experiments employed an unobtrusive methodology; peer reviewers believed that their evaluations would affect the disposition of actual mental health insurance claims. Subjects (n =

  9. Applying Peer Reviews in Software Engineering Education: An Experiment and Lessons Learned

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vahid Garousi

    2010-01-01

    Based on the demonstrated value of peer reviews in the engineering industry, numerous industry experts have listed it at the top of the list of desirable development practices. Experience has shown that problems (defects) are eliminated earlier if a development process incorporates peer reviews and that these reviews are as effective as or even more effective than testing. It is

  10. 7 CFR 3415.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Agriculture (Continued) COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.10...

  11. Writing to Learn: An Evaluation of the Calibrated Peer Review™ Program in Two Neuroscience Courses

    PubMed Central

    Prichard, J. Roxanne

    2005-01-01

    Although the majority of scientific information is communicated in written form, and peer review is the primary process by which it is validated, undergraduate students may receive little direct training in science writing or peer review. Here, I describe the use of Calibrated Peer Review™ (CPR), a free, web-based writing and peer review program designed to alleviate instructor workload, in two undergraduate neuroscience courses: an upper- level sensation and perception course (41 students, three assignments) and an introductory neuroscience course (50 students; two assignments). Using CPR online, students reviewed primary research articles on assigned ‘hot’ topics, wrote short essays in response to specific guiding questions, reviewed standard ‘calibration’ essays, and provided anonymous quantitative and qualitative peer reviews. An automated grading system calculated the final scores based on a student’s essay quality (as determined by the average of three peer reviews) and his or her accuracy in evaluating 1) three standard calibration essays, 2) three anonymous peer reviews, and 3) his or her self review. Thus, students were assessed not only on their skill at constructing logical, evidence-based arguments, but also on their ability to accurately evaluate their peers’ writing. According to both student self-reports and instructor observation, students’ writing and peer review skills improved over the course of the semester. Student evaluation of the CPR program was mixed; while some students felt like the peer review process enhanced their understanding of the material and improved their writing, others felt as though the process was biased and required too much time. Despite student critiques of the program, I still recommend the CPR program as an excellent and free resource for incorporating more writing, peer review, and critical thinking into an undergraduate neuroscience curriculum. PMID:23493247

  12. To Give Is Better Than to Receive: The Benefits of Peer Review to the Reviewer's Own Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lundstrom, Kristi; Baker, Wendy

    2009-01-01

    Although peer review has been shown to be beneficial in many writing classrooms, the benefits of peer review to the reviewer, or the student giving feedback, has not been thoroughly investigated in second-language writing research. The purpose of this study is to determine which is more beneficial to improving student writing: giving or receiving…

  13. Peer review of HEDR uncertainty and sensitivity analyses plan

    SciTech Connect

    Hoffman, F.O.

    1993-06-01

    This report consists of a detailed documentation of the writings and deliberations of the peer review panel that met on May 24--25, 1993 in Richland, Washington to evaluate your draft report ``Uncertainty/Sensitivity Analysis Plan`` (PNWD-2124 HEDR). The fact that uncertainties are being considered in temporally and spatially varying parameters through the use of alternative time histories and spatial patterns deserves special commendation. It is important to identify early those model components and parameters that will have the most influence on the magnitude and uncertainty of the dose estimates. These are the items that should be investigated most intensively prior to committing to a final set of results.

  14. Peer Review of NRC Standardized Plant Analysis Risk Models

    SciTech Connect

    Anthony Koonce; James Knudsen; Robert Buell

    2011-03-01

    The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Standardized Plant Analysis Risk (SPAR) Models underwent a Peer Review using ASME PRA standard (Addendum C) as endorsed by NRC in Regulatory Guide (RG) 1.200. The review was performed by a mix of industry probabilistic risk analysis (PRA) experts and NRC PRA experts. Representative SPAR models, one PWR and one BWR, were reviewed against Capability Category I of the ASME PRA standard. Capability Category I was selected as the basis for review due to the specific uses/applications of the SPAR models. The BWR SPAR model was reviewed against 331 ASME PRA Standard Supporting Requirements; however, based on the Capability Category I level of review and the absence of internal flooding and containment performance (LERF) logic only 216 requirements were determined to be applicable. Based on the review, the BWR SPAR model met 139 of the 216 supporting requirements. The review also generated 200 findings or suggestions. Of these 200 findings and suggestions 142 were findings and 58 were suggestions. The PWR SPAR model was also evaluated against the same 331 ASME PRA Standard Supporting Requirements. Of these requirements only 215 were deemed appropriate for the review (for the same reason as noted for the BWR). The PWR review determined that 125 of the 215 supporting requirements met Capability Category I or greater. The review identified 101 findings or suggestions (76 findings and 25 suggestions). These findings or suggestions were developed to identify areas where SPAR models could be enhanced. A process to prioritize and incorporate the findings/suggestions supporting requirements into the SPAR models is being developed. The prioritization process focuses on those findings that will enhance the accuracy, completeness and usability of the SPAR models.

  15. References that anyone can edit: review of Wikipedia citations in peer reviewed health science literature

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Objectives To examine indexed health science journals to evaluate the prevalence of Wikipedia citations, identify the journals that publish articles with Wikipedia citations, and determine how Wikipedia is being cited. Design Bibliometric analysis. Study selection Publications in the English language that included citations to Wikipedia were retrieved using the online databases Scopus and Web of Science. Data sources To identify health science journals, results were refined using Ulrich’s database, selecting for citations from journals indexed in Medline, PubMed, or Embase. Using Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Reports, 2011 impact factors were collected for all journals included in the search. Data extraction Resulting citations were thematically coded, and descriptive statistics were calculated. Results 1433 full text articles from 1008 journals indexed in Medline, PubMed, or Embase with 2049 Wikipedia citations were accessed. The frequency of Wikipedia citations has increased over time; most citations occurred after December 2010. More than half of the citations were coded as definitions (n=648; 31.6%) or descriptions (n=482; 23.5%). Citations were not limited to journals with a low or no impact factor; the search found Wikipedia citations in many journals with high impact factors. Conclusions Many publications are citing information from a tertiary source that can be edited by anyone, although permanent, evidence based sources are available. We encourage journal editors and reviewers to use caution when publishing articles that cite Wikipedia. PMID:24603564

  16. Peer review and over-competitive research funding fostering mainstream opinion to monopoly

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hui Fang

    2011-01-01

    The aim of peer review is to separate the wheat from the chaff for publication and research funding. In the excessive competition,\\u000a this mechanism would only select the wheat of mainstream. Up to now, almost all discussions on the consequence of the short-comings\\u000a of peer review are limited to qualitatively description. I propose a model of “peer-group-assessed-grant-based-funding-system”\\u000a combined with tenure

  17. The use of standards for peer review of online nursing courses: a pilot study.

    PubMed

    Little, Barbara Battin

    2009-07-01

    This article describes a pilot study on the use of online course standards for peer review of Web-based nursing courses. A peer review team consisting of a nurse educator and an instructional designer piloted the use of two sets of online course standards in two RN-to-baccalaureate nursing courses. The College of Public Health Online Course Standards and the Quality Matters (QM) Peer Course Review Rubric were used to review the courses. The standards facilitated the peer review process and supplied important criteria for measuring the quality of the courses. Analysis of the rubric scores revealed trends in criteria not met in either course, indicating the need for educational program improvement and faculty training. The QM tool had more consistent results among peer reviewers and was perceived as easier to use. In addition, QM standards provided a useful mechanism for benchmarking against higher education courses throughout the United States. PMID:19634268

  18. PHYSICS 653/636: TERM PAPER PEER REVIEWING My annual "pep talk"

    E-print Network

    Henley, Christopher L.

    must really be dumb; I'll hide my ignorance by not writing any comments." Well, maybe you could have, anyhow. As a spinoff of peer review reading, you'll probably get better at self criticism as is usefulPHYSICS 653/636: TERM PAPER PEER REVIEWING My annual "pep talk" Timing Please read the papers

  19. Blog Comments vs. Peer Review: Which Way Makes a Book Better?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Jeffrey R.

    2008-01-01

    What if scholarly books were peer reviewed by anonymous blog comments rather than by traditional, selected peer reviewers? This is the question posed by an unusual experiment that was started recently by Noah Wardrip-Fruin, an an assistant professor of communication at the University of California at San Diego. His experiment was started after his…

  20. ForPeerReview Neck Muscle Paths and Moment Arms are Significantly

    E-print Network

    Krishnamoorthy, Bala

    ForPeerReview Only Neck Muscle Paths and Moment Arms are Significantly Affected by Wrapping Surface, Bioengineering Keywords: neck muscles, moment arms, wrapping surface, muscle path URL: http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/gcmb Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering #12;ForPeerReview Only Neck Muscle Paths

  1. Independent Research Projects in General Chemistry Classes as an Introduction to Peer-Reviewed Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tribe, Lorena; Cooper, Evan L.

    2008-01-01

    A well-structured independent literature research project with a poster session was used to introduce students to peer-reviewed literature in a general chemistry course. Overall, students reported an enhanced appreciation of the course due to performing research at some level, using peer-reviewed literature, and presenting their results in a…

  2. Peer Review, the Research Assessment Exercise and the Demise of Non-Mainstream Economics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frederic S. Lee; Sandra Harley

    1998-01-01

    This article argues that the theoretical and methodological divisions within economics combined with the institutional arrangement of the Research Assessment Exercise and peer review has produced a state affairs which poses a serious risk to the future existence of non-mainstream economics. The conclusion of the article is that, due to the peer review-led Research Assessment Exercise which governs the disbursement

  3. Engineering Peer Review June 5-7, 2001 1 FUSION IGNITION

    E-print Network

    5 · Double wall construction integrates cooling and shielding · supports active and passive DETAIL 2 sets of MgO insulated cables are located between the VV walls #12;Engineering Peer Review June 5;Engineering Peer Review June 5-7, 2001 17 FIRE device thermal enclosure and interface detail Polyurethane foam

  4. Lessons from Graduate Student Instructors on the Peer Review of Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crumley, Hugh; James, Douglas

    2009-01-01

    In this qualitative study, we examined a pilot program for graduate student instructors (GSIs) in a peer review of teaching program at Duke University, a medium-sized research university. We noted key elements that participants identified from their experience that may be distinct from models of peer teaching review developed for faculty. These…

  5. Independent External Peer Review Report Rough River Dam 18 August 2011 ii

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    #12;Independent External Peer Review Report ­ Rough River Dam 18 August 2011 ii This page intentionally blank. #12;Independent External Peer Review Report ­ Rough River Dam 18 August 2011 iii Table Panel Members B-1 Appendix C ­ Charge for IEPR Panel C-1 List of Figures Figure 1. Rough River Dam 4

  6. Academic Excellence: A Commentary and Reflections on the Inherent Value of Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Thomas J.; Shambrook, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    Academic peer review is widely viewed as fair, equitable, and essential to academic quality. Successfully completing the process through publication or award is widely deemed as one of the most rigorous and prestigious forms of scholarly accomplishment. Despite this sentiment the academic peer review process is not without fault. It is criticized…

  7. Peer Review of Doctoral Dissertations as a Quality Control Mechanism: Some Methods and Examples.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Bruce

    The use of peer review as a way to improve dissertation quality is addressed. A data set involving ratings of 52 dissertations illustrates possible design and analytic choices that may be helpful in using a peer review model. Strategies for evaluating rating consistency and validity are covered, along with analysis of four types of program policy…

  8. Face-to-Face and Computer-Mediated Peer Review in EFL Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ho, Mei-ching; Savignon, Sandra J.

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines the use of face-to-face peer review (FFPR) and computer-mediated peer review (CMPR) in an Asian English-as-a-foreign-language (EFL) academic writing context. The participants were 33 English majors from a university of science and technology in Taiwan, a new type of school offering 2-year associate degree programs in foreign…

  9. Working in Triads: A Case Study of a Peer Review Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grainger, Peter; Bridgstock, Martin; Houston, Todd; Drew, Steve

    2015-01-01

    Peer review of teaching has become an accepted educational procedure in Australia to quality assure the quality of teaching practices. The institutional implementation of the peer review process can be viewed as genuine desire to improve teaching quality or an imposition from above as a measure of accountability and performativity. One approach is…

  10. Preparing English Learners for Effective Peer Review in the Writers' Workshop

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Soo Hyon

    2015-01-01

    English Language Learners (ELLs) often face challenges when participating in peer review activities in writers' workshops. This article identifies some of the potential difficulties that ELL writers may experience, and provides teachers with strategies to address these problems. The author describes a simple three-step peer review training model…

  11. A Review of Peer-Mediated Social Interaction Interventions for Students with Autism in Inclusive Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watkins, Laci; O'Reilly, Mark; Kuhn, Michelle; Gevarter, Cindy; Lancioni, Giulio E.; Sigafoos, Jeff; Lang, Russell

    2015-01-01

    This review addresses the use of peer-mediated interventions (PMI) to improve the social interaction skills of students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in inclusive settings. The purpose of this review is to (a) identify the characteristics and components of peer-mediated social interaction interventions, (b) evaluate the effectiveness of PMI…

  12. Peer assessment of journal quality in clinical neurology

    PubMed Central

    Yue, Weiping; Wilson, Concepción S.; Boller, Francois

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To explore journal quality as perceived by clinicians and researchers in clinical neurology. Methods: A survey was conducted from August 2003 to January 2004. Ratings for 41 selected clinical neurology journals were obtained from 254 members of the World Federation of Neurology (1,500 solicited; response rate 17%). Participants provided demographic information and rated each journal on a 5-point Likert scale. Average ratings for all journals were compared with the ISI's journal impact factors. Ratings for each journal were also compared across geographic regions and respondent publication productivity. Results: The top 5 journals were rated much more highly than the others, with mean ratings greater than 4. Mean journal ratings were highly correlated with journal impact factors (r = 0.67). Most of the top 10 journal ratings were consistent across the subgroups of geographic regions and journal paper productivity. However, significant differences among the different geographical regions and respondent productivity groups were also found for a few journals. Conclusions: The results provide valuable insight on how neurological experts perceive journals in clinical neurology. These results will likely aid researchers and clinicians in identifying potentially desirable research outlets and indicate journal status for editors. Likewise, biomedical librarians may use these results for serials collection development. PMID:17252069

  13. Private Journals versus Public Blogs: The Impact of Peer Readership on Low-Stakes Reflective Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foster, Drew

    2015-01-01

    This article isolates and observes the impact of peer readership on low-stakes reflective writing assignments in two large Introduction to Sociology classes. Through a comparative content analysis of over 2,000 private reflective journal entries and semipublic reflective blog posts, I find that both practices produce distinct forms of reflection.…

  14. Peer Review of Teaching: Lessons Learned from the University of Kentucky

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Victoria Bhavsar

    The University of Kentucky Department of Agronomy instituted a system of peer review of teaching in 1996. Professors observe the teaching of their peers with the intent of helping one another improve. Reviews usually include a preliminary meeting between the instructor and two reviewers, several in-class visits, some analysis of classroom materials, and a wrap-up meeting. The peer review program now has met with cautious but general approval from participating faculty. By spring 1999, reviews were completed for 20 classes, 15 of which are considered in this analysis.

  15. The peer-reviewed literature on undergraduate education for public health in the United States, 2004-2014.

    PubMed

    Evashwick, Connie J; Tao, Donghua; Arnold, Lauren D

    2014-01-01

    The education of undergraduate college students in the field of public health has burgeoned over the past decade. Professional literature in peer-reviewed journals is one indicator of the status of a field of study and its related body of knowledge. It is also a mechanism for sharing information among professionals about challenges, issues, experiences, and best practices. The purpose of the literature review conducted here was to describe the status of the peer-reviewed literature over the past decade pertaining to the education of undergraduates about the field of public health in the United States (U.S.). A literature search was conducted of three databases: PubMed, Scopus, and ERIC. Inclusion criteria were publication date from January 1, 2004 through July 31, 2014; written in the English language; pertaining to undergraduate education in the U.S.; and a focus on public health as the primary discipline. Public health was searched as an overarching discipline; articles focused on sub-disciplines or other health professions disciplines were excluded. The search resulted in 158 articles. Each of the authors reviewed the abstracts for all articles and read full articles when necessary. The result was 23 articles that were then considered in depth. The articles were categorized according to their primary theme: curriculum, courses, learning objectives (N?=?14); evaluation of teaching method (N?=?3); case study (N?=?3); career path and advising (N?=?2); accreditation (N?=?1). Year of publication and journal were also examined. The results of the literature search lead to several observations about how the peer-reviewed literature has been used to date and how it could be used to advance the emerging field of undergraduate education for public health. PMID:25453028

  16. The Peer-Reviewed Literature on Undergraduate Education for Public Health in the United States, 2004–2014

    PubMed Central

    Evashwick, Connie J.; Tao, Donghua; Arnold, Lauren D.

    2014-01-01

    The education of undergraduate college students in the field of public health has burgeoned over the past decade. Professional literature in peer-reviewed journals is one indicator of the status of a field of study and its related body of knowledge. It is also a mechanism for sharing information among professionals about challenges, issues, experiences, and best practices. The purpose of the literature review conducted here was to describe the status of the peer-reviewed literature over the past decade pertaining to the education of undergraduates about the field of public health in the United States (U.S.). A literature search was conducted of three databases: PubMed, Scopus, and ERIC. Inclusion criteria were publication date from January 1, 2004 through July 31, 2014; written in the English language; pertaining to undergraduate education in the U.S.; and a focus on public health as the primary discipline. Public health was searched as an overarching discipline; articles focused on sub-disciplines or other health professions disciplines were excluded. The search resulted in 158 articles. Each of the authors reviewed the abstracts for all articles and read full articles when necessary. The result was 23 articles that were then considered in depth. The articles were categorized according to their primary theme: curriculum, courses, learning objectives (N?=?14); evaluation of teaching method (N?=?3); case study (N?=?3); career path and advising (N?=?2); accreditation (N?=?1). Year of publication and journal were also examined. The results of the literature search lead to several observations about how the peer-reviewed literature has been used to date and how it could be used to advance the emerging field of undergraduate education for public health. PMID:25453028

  17. IRIS TOXICOLOGICAL REVIEW AND SUMMARY DOCUMENTS FOR POLYBROMINATED DIPHENYL ETHERS (EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The U.S. EPA conducted a peer review of the scientific basis supporting the human health hazard and dose-response assessments of four congeners of polybrominated diphenyl ethers: tetraBDE (BDE-47), pentaBDE (BDE-99), hexaBDE (BDE-153), and decaBDE (BDE-209), that will appear on ...

  18. Physical Review: a family of journals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sprouse, Gene

    2013-03-01

    The expansion of research in physics in the last 100 years has been reflected in the expansion of the Physical Review(PR). Reviews of Modern Physics was the first ``new'' journal, starting in 1929. Physical Review Letters commenced in 1958, and was the first ``letters'' type of journal for important new results in all fields. By 1970 the Physical Review itself had grown so large that it was necessary to separate it by field into manageable volumes: PRA, PRB, PRC and PRD, and subsequently PRE, which was split off from PRA. More recently, two Special Topics journals for accelerator physics and physics education were pioneers of the open access business model, and the newest member of the family, Physical Review X, continues this trend. PRX is broad scope and very selective, setting it well above many of the new open access journals with a review standard of ``not incorrect.'' Some possible future directions for the Physical Review journals will be discussed.

  19. Portable Common Execution Environment (PCEE) project review: Peer review

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Locke, C. Douglass

    1991-01-01

    The purpose of the review was to conduct an independent, in-depth analysis of the PCEE project and to provide the results of said review. The review team was tasked with evaluating the potential contribution of the PCEE project to the improvement of the life cycle support of mission and safety critical (MASC) computing components for large, complex, non-stop, distributed systems similar to those planned for such NASA programs as the space station, lunar outpost, and manned missions to Mars. Some conclusions of the review team are as follow: The PCEE project was given high marks for its breath of vision on the overall problem with MASC software; Correlated with the sweeping vision, the Review Team is very skeptical that any research project can successfully attack such a broad range of problems; and several recommendations are made such as to identify the components of the broad solution envisioned, prioritizing them with respect to their impact and the likely ability of the PCEE or others to attack them successfully, and to rewrite its Concept Document differentiating the problem description, objectives, approach, and results so that the project vision becomes assessible to others.

  20. Selection of research fellowship recipients by committee peer review. Reliability, fairness and predictive validity of Board of Trustees' decisions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lutz Bornmann; Hans-dieter Daniel

    2005-01-01

    Summary In science, peer review is the best-established method of assessing manuscripts for publication and applications for research fellowships and grants. However, the fairness of peer review, its reliability and whether it achieves its aim to select the best science and scientists has often been questioned. The paper presents the first comprehensive study on committee peer review for the selection

  1. Comments of the Independent Peer-Review Team for the Draft Interim Regional Supplement to the Corps of Engineers Wetland

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Comments of the Independent Peer-Review Team for the Draft Interim Regional Supplement to the Corps individual reports were submitted by the four members of the Independent Peer-Review Team for the draft the Corps, as well as from other agencies. #12;Peer Review Team Report Page 2 Wetland Delineation Manual

  2. Don't Tell It Like It Is: Preserving Collegiality in the Summative Peer Review of Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iqbal, Isabeau A.

    2014-01-01

    While much literature has considered feedback and professional growth in formative peer reviews of teaching, there has been little empirical research conducted on these issues in the context of summative peer reviews. This article explores faculty members' perceptions of feedback practices in the summative peer review of teaching and reports…

  3. ACORN-SAT guidance document Report 1 for the Independent Peer Review of the ACORN-SAT data-set

    E-print Network

    Greenslade, Diana

    -SAT) data-set. Our intent is to publish this new analysis in the scientific peer- review literature, in November 2010, directed that an Independent Peer Review of the data-set and related measurement, curationACORN-SAT guidance document Report 1 for the Independent Peer Review of the ACORN-SAT data-set #12

  4. A Systematic Review of Tools that Support Peer Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luxton-Reilly, Andrew

    2009-01-01

    Peer assessment is a powerful educational technique that provides significant benefits to both staff and students. Traditionally, peer assessment has been conducted using pen-and-paper in small classes. More recently, online tools have been developed to enable peer assessment to be applied in large class. In this article, the tools that support…

  5. Necessary Social Skills Related to Peer Acceptance. Review of Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Yanghee A.

    2003-01-01

    Differentiates behaviors of peer-rejected and peer-neglected children at the early childhood level. Offers suggestions for teaching alternative behaviors to aggressive or withdrawn children, direct entry behaviors, positive responses to peers' initiation, verbal assertiveness, engagement in complex pretend play, and ways to show positive affection…

  6. Changing the Peer Review or Changing the Peers--Recent Development in Assessment of Large Research Collaborations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansson, Finn; Monsted, Mette

    2012-01-01

    Peer review of research programmes is changing. The problem is discussed through detailed study of a selection process to a call for collaborations in the energy sector for the European Institute of Innovation and Technology. The authors were involved in the application for a Knowledge Innovation Community. Through the analysis of the case the…

  7. The Two Paradigms of Education and the Peer Review of Teaching

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dean McManus

    2001-11-01

    This article discusses how the two paradigms of education (Teaching-Centered and Learning-Centered) could affect the way faculty members are reviewed when undergoing peer review. The major challenge to fair and proper peer review arises from the need to review the growing number of instructors who conform to the Learning-Centered paradigm. Early preparation for peer review should help avoid the disjunction created by an unwitting mixture of Learning-Centered aims and Teaching-Centered methods. Reviewers must ascertain that the instructor under review possesses accurate and current knowledge of geoscience content, regardless of paradigm, and understand that the role of a reviewer interviewing a Teaching-Centered instructor is to obtain information on the instructor's teaching of the content. Conversely, the role of a reviewer in reviewing a Learning-Centered instructor is to obtain information on the student's learning of content and skills, including the skill of how to learn.

  8. Characterization of the Peer Review Network at the Center for Scientific Review, National Institutes of Health

    PubMed Central

    Boyack, Kevin W.; Chen, Mei-Ching; Chacko, George

    2014-01-01

    The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the largest source of funding for biomedical research in the world. This funding is largely effected through a competitive grants process. Each year the Center for Scientific Review (CSR) at NIH manages the evaluation, by peer review, of more than 55,000 grant applications. A relevant management question is how this scientific evaluation system, supported by finite resources, could be continuously evaluated and improved for maximal benefit to the scientific community and the taxpaying public. Towards this purpose, we have created the first system-level description of peer review at CSR by applying text analysis, bibliometric, and graph visualization techniques to administrative records. We identify otherwise latent relationships across scientific clusters, which in turn suggest opportunities for structural reorganization of the system based on expert evaluation. Such studies support the creation of monitoring tools and provide transparency and knowledge to stakeholders. PMID:25119140

  9. Thermophysical properties of uranium dioxide - Version 0 for peer review

    SciTech Connect

    Fink, J.K.; Petri, M.C.

    1997-02-01

    Data on thermophysical properties of solid and liquid UO{sub 2} have been reviewed and critically assessed to obtain consistent thermophysical property recommendations for inclusion in the International Nuclear Safety Center Database on the World Wide Web (http://www.insc.anl.gov.). Thermodynamic properties that have been assessed are enthalpy, heat capacity, melting point, enthalpy of fusion, thermal expansion, density, surface tension, and vapor pressure. Transport properties that have been assessed are thermal conductivity, thermal diffusivity, viscosity, and emissivity. Summaries of the recommendations with uncertainties and detailed assessments for each property are included in this report and in the International Nuclear Safety Center Database for peer review. The assessments includes a review of the experiments and data, an examination of previous recommendations, the basis for selecting recommendations, a determination of uncertainties, and a comparison of recommendations with data and with previous recommendations. New data and research that have led to new recommendations include thermal expansion and density measurements of solid and liquid UO{sub 2}, derivation of physically-based equations for the thermal conductivity of solid UO{sub 2}, measurements of the heat capacity of liquid UO{sub 2}, and measurements and analysis of the thermal conductivity of liquid UO{sub 2}.

  10. When peers are not peers and don't know it: The Dunning-Kruger effect and self-fulfilling prophecy in peer-review.

    PubMed

    Huang, Sui

    2013-05-01

    The fateful combination of (i) the Dunning-Kruger effect (ignorance of one's own ignorance) with (ii) the nonlinear dynamics of the echo-chamber between reviewers and editors fuels a self-reinforcing collective delusion system that sometimes spirals uncontrollably away from objectivity and truth. Escape from this subconscious meta-ignorance is a formidable challenge but if achieved will help correct a central deficit of the peer-review process that stifles innovation and paradigm shifts. PMID:23386501

  11. PsycINFO is one of three databases on the APA PsycNET platform: PsycARTICLES A full-text database of 80+ peer-reviewed journals from the

    E-print Network

    Rzepa, Henry S.

    the search boxes. Enter the author's last name, a space, and their first name, or the initial e.g. Griffin in a specific journal, select the Journals Lookup option, beneath the search boxes. Enter the words of a journal to Search. TERM FINDER SEARCH You can search for documents using one or more of the index terms

  12. Seasonal predictability of daily rainfall statistics over Indramayu district, Journal: International Journal of Climatology

    E-print Network

    Robertson, Andrew W.

    PeerReview Only Seasonal predictability of daily rainfall statistics over Indramayu district of Meteorology and Geophysics Keywords: seasonal predictability, Indonesia, hidden Markov model http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/joc International Journal of Climatology - For peer review only #12;PeerReview Only 1 Seasonal predictability

  13. A Systematic Review of Interventions to Increase Peer Interactions for Students with Complex Communication Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chung, Yun-Ching; Carter, Erik W.; Sisco, Lynn G.

    2012-01-01

    Although positive peer relationships can facilitate the academic learning, skill development, and emotional well-being of students with complex communication challenges, few peer interactions are likely to take place in school settings apart from intentional intervention and support efforts. We conducted a systematic review to identify and examine…

  14. Power of Peer Review: An Online Collaborative Learning Assignment in Social Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cathey, Christie

    2007-01-01

    In a semester-long, peer review assignment, undergraduates enrolled in a social psychology course wrote essays that applied course concepts to life experiences. Students anonymously posted essays for the entire class to view, and peers posted commentaries on classmates' essays using an online discussion board. Students rated the assignment as…

  15. Freedom of Information Act 2000 NERC Policy on Peer Review information Version 2 August 2012

    E-print Network

    Brierley, Andrew

    property rights (IPR), personal information, and confidential information, including that involved, information cannot be retrieved. Specifically, damage to the peer review process may be caused by: 1 Peer August 2012 2 · Release of confidential and personal information. (Loss of IPR/subsequent challenge under

  16. Peer-Assisted Learning in School Physical Education, Sport and Physical Activity Programmes: A Systematic Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jenkinson, Kate. A.; Naughton, Geraldine; Benson, Amanda C.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Peer-assisted learning (PAL) is a teaching strategy utilised in both the general classroom and physical education. Through the interaction with same-age or cross-age peers, learning can occur across various domains. Purpose: This review aimed to identify school-based PAL interventions and assess the tutor training provided, as well as…

  17. NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE | VOL 3 | JUNE 2013 | www.nature.com/natureclimatechange 525 Beginning this month, this journal (along

    E-print Network

    Cai, Long

    Beginning this month, this journal (along with our sister journal Nature Geoscience) is going to trial with the single-blind peer review process currently used by the Nature family of journals, including Nature

  18. A descriptive review of the peer and non-peer reviewed literature on the treatment and prevention of foot lameness in cattle published between 2000 and 2011.

    PubMed

    Potterton, S L; Bell, N J; Whay, H R; Berry, E A; Atkinson, O C D; Dean, R S; Main, D C J; Huxley, J N

    2012-09-01

    The aim of this study was to collate and review the peer and non-peer reviewed English language literature on the treatment and prevention of foot lameness in cattle published since January 2000. The study aimed to identify deficits in knowledge and areas of disparity between what is recommended in the field by veterinarians, foot trimmers and advisors and what has been substantiated experimentally. Peer reviewed literature containing original work was gathered by searching three databases. Papers were categorised and reviewed if they contained material on treatment or prevention. Non-peer reviewed clinical materials were collated from a range of sources. The materials were reviewed and categorised based on whether they recommended a range of possible treatment and prevention strategies. The peer reviewed data base contained 591 papers, of which 286 contained information on treatment or prevention. The vast majority of papers (258) concerned prevention; only a small number covered treatment (31) and of these only three contained information on the treatment of sole ulcers or white line disease. The number of intervention studies and trials was low; most papers on prevention were observational. Generally, lesion specific outcomes were not described making the findings of these papers difficult to use clinically. The non-peer reviewed material contained 46 sources; they varied significantly in regard to the treatments they advocated with some texts directly contradicting each other. Some aspects of prevention recommended in these sources seemed poorly supported by findings from the research literature. Well designed intervention studies are required to address these deficits. PMID:22951250

  19. Peer Supports for Tobacco Cessation for Adults with Serious Mental Illness: A Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Dickerson, Faith

    2012-01-01

    Objective A relatively new approach to addressing tobacco use in mental health settings is the involvement of consumers or peers, defined as other individuals with mental health conditions, as service providers. This review examines the literature describing peer delivered supports for tobacco cessation for adults with serious mental illness. Methods The authors conducted a review of online databases to identify reports of tobacco cessation interventions in which peers play a key role in the provision of services to help other adults with serious mental illness to reduce or quit using tobacco. Results Our review yielded reports of four tobacco cessation interventions for persons with serious mental illness that include peer providers. The roles of peers in these interventions include that of co-leaders of an educational smoking cessation group, individual counselors as part of a multi-faceted tobacco treatment program, and as outreach tobacco cessation advocates. Conclusions The roles of peers in these interventions are promising; however, more detail about the selection and experience of the peer providers, as well as the services they deliver in tobacco cessation interventions, would be helpful. In addition, rigorous research is needed to evaluate the impact of peer providers on reducing tobacco use in this population. PMID:22904697

  20. Data bank has operational impact. Proper peer review can protect hospitals from antitrust and defamation suits.

    PubMed

    Purtell, D L

    1990-11-01

    The Health Care Quality Improvement Act of 1986 can help protect medical professionals and healthcare facilities from antitrust and defamation claims and other forms of litigation arising from the peer review process. Some hospitals may need to make major changes in their peer review activity as a result of the act. The healthcare entity, not the physicians involved in peer review, has the burden of complying with the provisions of the act. Failure to comply with the act can lead to loss of immunity from damages, fines, and potential exclusion from the Medicare program. The potential for liability has sparked a need for hospitals to reexamine and possibly reorganize medical staff and update procedures and related governing documents. Healthcare entities may consider changes such as implementing a director of medical affairs function, choosing medical staff for multiple-year terms, and centralizing physician review files. In the 1980s many hospitals created quality assurance and risk management programs. Risk managers need to share data with quality assurance personnel, who must in turn share the information with medical staff involved with credentialing, peer review, and medical affairs management. Legal counsel will need to be familiar with the legalities of the act, as well as the hospital's peer review procedures and operations. General legal counsel should oversee coordination of hospital proceedings and assist in educating staff on the legalities of peer review. PMID:10107457

  1. 42 CFR 52h.3 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS AND RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT PROJECTS § 52h.3 Establishment and operation of...

  2. 42 CFR 52h.3 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS AND RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT PROJECTS § 52h.3 Establishment and operation of...

  3. 42 CFR 52h.3 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS AND RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT PROJECTS § 52h.3 Establishment and operation of...

  4. 42 CFR 52h.3 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS AND RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT PROJECTS § 52h.3 Establishment and operation of...

  5. 42 CFR 52h.3 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS AND RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT PROJECTS § 52h.3 Establishment and operation of...

  6. SUMMARY REPORT OF THE PEER REVIEW WORKSHOP ON THE NEUROTOXICITY OF TETRACHLOROETHYLENE (PERCHLOROETHYLENE) DISCUSSION PAPER

    EPA Science Inventory

    The report, Summary Report of the Peer Review Workshop on the Neurotoxicity of Tetrachloroethylene (Perchloroethylene) Discussion , summarizes the discussions at a February 25, 2004, workshop that brought together recognized scientific experts to engage in a public discussi...

  7. Revised Final Independent External Peer Review Report for the East Branch Dam, Clarion River,

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Revised Final Independent External Peer Review Report for the East Branch Dam, Clarion River, Elk County, Pennsylvania: Dam Safety Modification Report Prepared by Battelle Memorial Institute Prepared Report East Branch Dam, Clarion River, Elk County, Pennsylvania: Dam Safety Modification Report

  8. 34 CFR 359.30 - How is peer review conducted under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION RESEARCH: SPECIAL PROJECTS AND DEMONSTRATIONS FOR SPINAL CORD INJURIES How Does the Secretary Make a Grant? § 359.30 How is peer review conducted under this...

  9. 34 CFR 359.30 - How is peer review conducted under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION RESEARCH: SPECIAL PROJECTS AND DEMONSTRATIONS FOR SPINAL CORD INJURIES How Does the Secretary Make a Grant? § 359.30 How is peer review conducted under this...

  10. 34 CFR 359.30 - How is peer review conducted under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION RESEARCH: SPECIAL PROJECTS AND DEMONSTRATIONS FOR SPINAL CORD INJURIES How Does the Secretary Make a Grant? § 359.30 How is peer review conducted under this...

  11. 34 CFR 359.30 - How is peer review conducted under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION RESEARCH: SPECIAL PROJECTS AND DEMONSTRATIONS FOR SPINAL CORD INJURIES How Does the Secretary Make a Grant? § 359.30 How is peer review conducted under this...

  12. 34 CFR 359.30 - How is peer review conducted under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION RESEARCH: SPECIAL PROJECTS AND DEMONSTRATIONS FOR SPINAL CORD INJURIES How Does the Secretary Make a Grant? § 359.30 How is peer review conducted under this...

  13. ForPeerReview From vegetable oils to polyurethanes: synthetic routes to

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    ForPeerReview Only From vegetable oils to polyurethanes: synthetic routes to polyols and main Auvergne, Remi; ICGM CAILLOL, Sylvain; ICGM, IAM Boutevin, Bernard; ICGM Keywords: vegetable oils, biobased polyols, polyurethanes, epoxidized vegetable oils, commercial polyols URL: http

  14. 34 CFR 350.52 - What is the composition of a peer review panel?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...EDUCATION DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION RESEARCH PROJECTS AND CENTERS PROGRAM How Does...selects as members of a peer review panel scientists and other experts in rehabilitation...those activities; and (iii) The quality of those activities. (3) The...

  15. LIFETIME PUBLICATIONS (GREEN UNDERGRADUATES; RED = GRADUATE STUDENTS; Blue = PDFS) PEER REVIEWED

    E-print Network

    Hitchcock, Adam P.

    LIFETIME PUBLICATIONS (GREEN ­ UNDERGRADUATES; RED = GRADUATE STUDENTS; Blue = PDFS) PEER REVIEWED. The Methods in Molecular Biology series by Humana Press. 2007, Submitted. 10. F David B. Thompson, Amanda S

  16. 7 CFR 3415.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.10...

  17. 7 CFR 3415.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.10...

  18. 7 CFR 3415.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.10...

  19. 7 CFR 3415.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.10...

  20. 77 FR 19126 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: New Threshold for Peer Reviews of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-30

    ...noncompetitive contract peer reviews. DATES: Effective Date: April 30, 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Manuel Quinones, telephone 571- 372-6088. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background This final rule reduces the threshold for DoD...

  1. Two facets of peer review and the proper role of study sections.

    PubMed

    Lenard, John

    2006-01-01

    The current National Institutes of Health study section system is under increasing criticism due to tight budgets and decreased levels of perceived competence. There is also an overemphasis on written critiques from the study section by unsuccessful applicants. It is argued that this arises from confusion between two different purposes of peer review. A system of universal participation in peer review by senior funded investigators is proposed to ameliorate these problems. PMID:17124762

  2. International Breastfeeding Journal: Introducing a new journal

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lisa H Amir

    2006-01-01

    International Breastfeeding Journal is a new open access peer-reviewed journal with a multidisciplinary focus. The aim of International Breastfeeding Journal is to contribute to understanding all aspects of breastfeeding. Breastfeeding is recognized as an important public health issue with enormous social and economic implications. In order to help women breastfeed successfully there is a need to understand both the physiology

  3. PeerGAD: a peer-review-based and community-centric web application for viewing and annotating prokaryotic genome sequences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark D. D'Ascenzo; Alan Collmer; Gregory B. Martin

    2004-01-01

    PeerGAD is a web-based database-driven applica- tion that allows community-wide peer-reviewed annotation of prokaryotic genome sequences. The application was developed to support the annota- tion of the Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato strain DC3000 genome sequence and is easily portable to other genome sequence annotation projects. PeerGAD incorporates several innovative design and operation features and accepts annotations per- taining to gene

  4. Discussion of Comments from a Peer Review of A Technique for Human Event Anlysis (ATHEANA)

    SciTech Connect

    Bley, D.C.; Cooper, S.E.; Forester, J.A.; Kolaczkowski, A.M.; Ramey-Smith, A,; Wreathall J.

    1999-01-28

    In May of 1998, a technical basis and implementation guidelines document for A Technique for Human Event Analysis (ATHEANA) was issued as a draft report for public comment (NUREG-1624). In conjunction with the release of draft NUREG- 1624, a peer review of the new human reliability analysis method its documentation and the results of an initial test of the method was held over a two-day period in June 1998 in Seattle, Washington. Four internationally known and respected experts in HK4 or probabilistic risk assessment were selected to serve as the peer reviewers. In addition, approximately 20 other individuals with an interest in HRA and ATHEANA also attended the peer and were invited to provide comments. The peer review team was asked to comment on any aspect of the method or the report in which improvements could be made and to discuss its strengths and weaknesses. They were asked to focus on two major aspects: Are the basic premises of ATHEANA on solid ground and is the conceptual basis adequate? Is the ATHEANA implementation process adequate given the description of the intended users in the documentation? The four peer reviewers asked questions and provided oral comments during the peer review meeting and provided written comments approximately two weeks after the completion of the meeting. This paper discusses their major comments.

  5. European Journal of Turkish Book Reviews

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    European Journal of Turkish Studies Book Reviews in the humanites and social sciences run by the CLEO, Centre for open electronic publishing (CNRS, EHESS, UP, UAPV). ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Electronic reference Elise Massicard, « Hans-Lukas Kieser, Vorkämpfer der ,,Neuen Türkei". Revolutionäre

  6. Peer Review of Grant Applications: Criteria Used and Qualitative Study of Reviewer Practices

    PubMed Central

    Abdoul, Hendy; Perrey, Christophe; Amiel, Philippe; Tubach, Florence; Gottot, Serge; Durand-Zaleski, Isabelle; Alberti, Corinne

    2012-01-01

    Background Peer review of grant applications has been criticized as lacking reliability. Studies showing poor agreement among reviewers supported this possibility but usually focused on reviewers’ scores and failed to investigate reasons for disagreement. Here, our goal was to determine how reviewers rate applications, by investigating reviewer practices and grant assessment criteria. Methods and Findings We first collected and analyzed a convenience sample of French and international calls for proposals and assessment guidelines, from which we created an overall typology of assessment criteria comprising nine domains relevance to the call for proposals, usefulness, originality, innovativeness, methodology, feasibility, funding, ethical aspects, and writing of the grant application. We then performed a qualitative study of reviewer practices, particularly regarding the use of assessment criteria, among reviewers of the French Academic Hospital Research Grant Agencies (Programmes Hospitaliers de Recherche Clinique, PHRCs). Semi-structured interviews and observation sessions were conducted. Both the time spent assessing each grant application and the assessment methods varied across reviewers. The assessment criteria recommended by the PHRCs were listed by all reviewers as frequently evaluated and useful. However, use of the PHRC criteria was subjective and varied across reviewers. Some reviewers gave the same weight to each assessment criterion, whereas others considered originality to be the most important criterion (12/34), followed by methodology (10/34) and feasibility (4/34). Conceivably, this variability might adversely affect the reliability of the review process, and studies evaluating this hypothesis would be of interest. Conclusions Variability across reviewers may result in mistrust among grant applicants about the review process. Consequently, ensuring transparency is of the utmost importance. Consistency in the review process could also be improved by providing common definitions for each assessment criterion and uniform requirements for grant application submissions. Further research is needed to assess the feasibility and acceptability of these measures. PMID:23029386

  7. Implementing Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) in a Large-lecture Science Course

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ward, A. S.; Bettis, E. A., III; Russell, J. E.; Van Horne, S.; Sipola, M.; Rocheford, M. K.; Colombo, M. R.

    2014-12-01

    Assessing writing assignments and providing students the opportunity to meaningfully revise the assignments are challenging for instructors of large enrollment science classes. We included two individual writing assignments and peer assessments as part of course assessment for a large Introduction to Environmental Science course. In order to facilitate the assessment, Calibrated Peer Review (CPR), a web-based application developed by UCLA that enables frequent writing assignments in any discipline and with any class size, was adopted. The CPR assignment process involved four steps: submitting a writing assignment, calibrating each student's review skills, reviewing peers' writing, and assessing one's own writing assignment (self-assessment). A rubric was provided to guide students through each writing assignment and the same rubric was used in calibration, review, and self-assessment scoring. Once the instructors uploaded the writing prompts, rubrics, sample writings and answer keys into the CPR system, the CPR software fully directed all student activity (writing assignment submission, calibrations, reviews, and self-assessment). Students were able to view their results within the CPR program, including their self-calibration scores, reviewing scores, peers' ratings and feedback, total earned scores, and self-assessment scores. Surveys independently administered at the conclusion of the CPR assignments indicated that sixty to seventy-five percent of the students perceived that CPR was helpful in their learning, improved their writing and evaluation skills, and that the process of reviewing other students' essays and their own essays was more helpful than the comments received from peers. These survey results are in agreement with the well-established educational research literature that shows the benefits of peer review and peer assessment to student learning. Our experience with CPR in a large enrollment science course indicates that thoughtful planning of the calibration writings and rubrics, beginning-of-course communication strategies regarding the relationship of the CPR activities to course goals and sufficient technical support to students are critical components to successful implementation.

  8. PEER REVIEW COMMENTS AND EPA'S RESPONSE FOR THE PROPOSED INDICATORS FOR THE U.S. EPA'S 2007 REPORT ON THE ENVIRONMENT: TECHNICAL DOCUMENT (EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The purpose of this site is to present the External Peer Review comments and EPA's responses, as well as to display the revised indicators that will be incorporated into EPA's 2007 Report on the Environment: Technical Document. Initially, proposed indicators and then a...

  9. A Peer-Reviewed Research Assignment for Large Classes

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Charisse Buising

    2000-10-01

    One way science educators can integrate writing, critical-thinking and team-building skills into their curriculum is by incorporating a collaborative, peer-evaluated research paper assignment. This type of exercise reduces an instructor's heavy grading lo

  10. Peer Review Summary Document (6/20/2011)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    and flushing of surface water bodies, environmental fluid dynamics, and predicting harmful algal blooms. Peer) for diatoms and blue-green algae seems very high. Light extinction coefficient (ASAT) seems low. Authors

  11. From newsletter to academic journal: creating the European Accounting Review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anne Loft; Ann Jorissen; Peter Walton

    2002-01-01

    This paper looks at the evolution of the European Accounting Review as the journal of the European Accounting Association. It provides an historical background to the launch of the journal in 1992, and traces how the European Accounting Review has developed to be a widely accepted academic journal in accounting. The journal tried at one and the same time, and

  12. Peer review checklist: reproducibility and validity of a method for evaluating the quality of ambulatory care.

    PubMed Central

    Hastings, G E; Sonneborn, R; Lee, G H; Vick, L; Sasmor, L

    1980-01-01

    This report describes the construction and evaluation fo a 35-item checklist used in performing peer review of ambulatory medical records. Scores obtained by using the checklist were evaluated for reproducibility. Ten reviewers, reviewing ten records on each of two occasions judged the records consistently item by item, 74 per cent of the time; 53 per cent greater than expected by chance (p less than 0.01). Pairs of reviewers, reviewing the same ten records, were consistent with one another, item by item, 72 per cent of the time; 35 per cent greater than expected by chance (p less than 0.05). Ten sick call patients were reexamined by an especially trained Reevaluation Physician who evaluated the quality with which they had been managed at the time of sick call. The medical records of the same ten patients were then reviewed with the Peer Review Checklist. The correlation between the quality scores obtained by the two methods were 0.72 and 0.74 on two trials. A correlation coefficient of 0.44 was found between the two evaluation methods when 89 cases were reviewed by a Peer Review panel composed of 10 different physicians. Peer Review Checklist scores correlated positively with scores obtained by using a series of disease specific protocols with explicit criteria. The correlations varied from 0.28 to 0.63 with six different disease specific protocols. PMID:7356083

  13. Peer Attachment: A Meta-Analytic Review of Gender and Age Differences and Associations with Parent Attachment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gorrese, Anna; Ruggieri, Ruggero

    2012-01-01

    In adolescence, peers represent key actors within individual social network. Given the relevance of peer connections and the growing literature examining them, the purpose of this article was to review, through a meta-analytic approach, studies on adolescent and youth peer relationships within the theoretical framework of attachment. First, we…

  14. WELDING RESEARCH ~----------------------~--~ SUPPLEMENT TO THE WELDING JOURNAL. FEBRUARY 1990

    E-print Network

    Eagar, Thomas W.

    J ) WELDING RESEARCH ~----------------------~--~ SUPPLEMENT TO THE WELDING JOURNAL. FEBRUARY 1990 Sponsored by the American Welding Society and the Welding Research Council All papers published in the Welding Journal's Welding Research Supplement undergo Peer Review before publication for: I) originality

  15. Calibrated Peer Review&trade: A Writing and Critical Thinking Instructional Tool

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Arlene A. Russell (UCLA; )

    2004-12-01

    CPR was developed on a research-based model. What do scientists and engineers do? Research begins with proposals.Scientists and engineers write research proposals and review peer proposals. Scientists and engineers do research andwrite and peer-review research manuscripts. Peer review plays a prominent role in the progress of science. Writing with anonymous peer review is thus the model for CPR. CPRis a comprehensive, web-delivered instructional tool, which not only promotes student understanding through writing but also develops student critical-thinking skills through theprocess of evaluation and reviewing. Because the program is web-delivered, computer-managed, and uses peer review,instructors can use the CPR program with any class size; students can do their assignments whereever they have webaccess; and administrators do not need to provide additional teaching resources for grading. This is a chapter in the section on Successful Pedagogies in the Course, Curriculum and Laboratory Improvement (CCLI) April 2004 conference proceedings published under the title Invention and Impact: Building Excellence in Undergraduate Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Education.

  16. An Overview and Analysis of Journal Operations, Journal Publication Patterns, and Journal Impact in School Psychology and Related Fields

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Floyd, Randy G.; Cooley, Kathryn M.; Arnett, James E.; Fagan, Thomas K.; Mercer, Sterett H.; Hingle, Christine

    2011-01-01

    This article describes the results of three studies designed to understand better the journal operations, publishing practices, and impact of school psychology journals in recent years. The first study presents the results of a survey focusing on journal operations and peer-review practices that was completed by 61 journal editors of school…

  17. Final Independent External Peer Review Report Olmsted Locks and Dam 52 and 53 Replacement

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Final Independent External Peer Review Report Olmsted Locks and Dam 52 and 53 Replacement Project Review Report Olmsted Locks and Dam 52 and 53 Replacement Project Post Authorization Change Report--0002 Task Order: 0005 #12;This page is intentionally left blank. #12;Olmsted Locks and Dam PACR IEPR i

  18. To Name or Not to Name: The Effect of Changing Author Gender on Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borsuk, Robyn M.; Aarssen, Lonnie W.; Budden, Amber E.; Koricheva, Julia; Leimu, Roosa; Tregenza, Tom; Lortie, Christopher J.

    2009-01-01

    The peer review model is one of the most important tools used in science to assess the relative merit of research. We manipulated a published article to reflect one of the following four author designations: female, male, initial, and no name provided. This article was then reviewed by referees of both genders at various stages of scientific…

  19. Final Independent External Peer Review Report for St. Johns Bayou and New Madrid Floodway,

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Final Independent External Peer Review Report for St. Johns Bayou and New Madrid Floodway, Draft Review Report St. Johns Bayou and New Madrid Floodway, Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS), Phase for the St. Johns Bayou and New Madrid Floodway Project, Missouri, Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS

  20. This is an Accepted Article that has been peer-reviewed and approved for publication in the The Journal of Physiology, but has yet to undergo copy-editing and proof correction. Please cite this article as an 'Accepted

    E-print Network

    in the The Journal of Physiology, but has yet to undergo copy-editing and proof correction. Please cite this article cardiac contractility Kenneth S. Gresham1 , Ranganath Mamidi1 , and Julian E. Stelzer1 1 Department of Physiology and Biophysics, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA

  1. Responsible Authorship and Peer Review James R. Wilson

    E-print Network

    of cold fusion is a striking illustration of what happens when scientists circumvent the normal peer and resources to show that there is no convincing evidence for room-temperature fusion. Much of this effort would not have been necessary had normal scientific procedures been followed. --John R. Huizenga, Cold

  2. Implementing Student Peer Review: Opportunity versus Change Management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Emma Pharo; Kristy De Salas

    2009-01-01

    This paper reflects on the implementation of a peer-assessment innovation in a large first-year geography unit. While the innovation had been carefully researched, difficulties in the implementation drew the authors' attention to the need for more change management to be built into the design and development. Focusing specifically on the teacher perspective, they describe the need for adequate development for

  3. Peer Victimization and Pediatric Obesity: A Review of the Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, Wendy N.; Kahhan, Nicole A.; Janicke, David M.

    2009-01-01

    Childhood obesity is associated with a variety of medical and psychosocial consequences. Children who are obese are at an increased risk of being victims of weight-based stigmatization by their peers. Negative views toward obese individuals may be expressed through children's friendship selections and expressed levels of overt (e.g., pushing,…

  4. Reflections on a Transnational Peer Review of Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carolan, Lynne; Wang, Lijuan

    2012-01-01

    Peer observation of teaching often occurs at a local level or national level, seldom internationally. Victoria University, Australia, and Chinese institutions Henan University and Central University of Finance and Economics have a transnational partnership involving local students studying courses originating in Australia and Chinese students who…

  5. Do Latin American Scientific Journals Follow Dual-Use Review Policies?

    PubMed Central

    Valles, Edith Gladys

    2014-01-01

    During the past decade, a number of journals have implemented dual-use policies in order to analyze whether the papers submitted for publication could raise concern because of the potential for misuse of their content. In this context, an analysis was performed on Latin American scientific journals to examine whether they apply formal written dual-use review policies and whether they inform their authors and reviewers about potentially sensitive issues in this area, as other international journals do. Peer-reviewed life sciences journals indexed in Latindex from Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, and Chile were analyzed. The Guide for Authors and the Instructions to Referees of 216 journals included in the Latindex catalogue (which means that they meet the best quality standards of the Latindex system) were screened for biosecurity-related information using the keywords biosecurity, biological weapons, and dual-use research of concern. Results showed that the screened publications had a total lack of dual-use review policies, even though some of them pointed out ethical behaviors to be followed related to authorship, plagiarism, simultaneous submission, research results misappropriation, ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects, guiding principles for the care and use of animals in research, research standard violations, and reviewer bias, among others. PMID:24693885

  6. Introduction to Scientific Journals

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Avery Shinneman

    In this activity, students are introduced to locating and reading peer-reviewed scientific journal articles. It helps ease students into the process of locating, reading, and using journal publications. This activity can be done entirely in class or a combination of in-class with homework assigned. It is a helpful way to lead students toward searching for and using the peer-reviewed literature in their own research.

  7. Using Errors to Teach through a Two-Staged, Structured Review: Peer-Reviewed Quizzes and "What's Wrong with Me?"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coppola, Brian P.; Pontrello, Jason K.

    2014-01-01

    Using errors as a method of learning has been made explicit through a two-staged peer review and discussion. During organic chemistry discussion sessions, quizzes are followed by a structured peer review designed to help students identify and discuss student errors. After the face-to-face discussion, a second stage of review involves analyzing and…

  8. How to Submit a Revision and Tips on Being a Good Peer-Reviewer

    PubMed Central

    Kotsis, Sandra V.; Chung, Kevin C.

    2014-01-01

    Many instructional guides have been published on how to write scientific papers. Likewise, many published articles have focused on the reasons why submitted manuscripts are rejected. However, fewer publications have been presented to guide authors on how to address reviewers’ comments in a manuscript revision. Even fewer papers counsel authors on how to deal with a rejection decision. In this paper, we will present a literature review on the strategies to get a paper accepted, despite an initial unfavorable review. We will share our experience on addressing reviewers’ comments to get a paper accepted and published. Finally, we will discuss the process of peer-review and offer tips on how to be an effective peer-reviewer. PMID:24675196

  9. Evaluating Management Information Systems, A Protocol for Automated Peer Review Systems

    PubMed Central

    Black, Gordon C.

    1980-01-01

    This paper discusses key issues in evaluating an automated Peer Review System. Included are the conceptual base, design, steps in planning structural components, operation parameters, criteria, costs and a detailed outline or protocol for use in the evaluation. At the heart of the Peer Review System is the criteria utilized for measuring quality. Criteria evaluation should embrace, as a minimum, appropriateness, validity and reliability, and completemess or comprehensiveness of content. Such an evaluation is not complete without determining the impact (clinical outcome) of the service system or the patient and the population served.

  10. Peer review isn’t perfect But it’s also not a conspiracy

    SciTech Connect

    Wiley, H. S.

    2008-11-30

    During peer review, grants are not judged in isolation, but as a group. By definition, half of all grants are below average. Although most scientific reviewers can agree on why a proposal is important and exciting, it is far more difficult to explain why we don’t like the others. The communication problems that plague many applicants in trying to describe the importance of their research also afflict many reviewers in trying to explain the converse.

  11. Peer Review and the Dilemmas of Quality Control in Programme Accreditation in South African Higher Education: Challenges and Possibilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cross, Michael; Naidoo, Devika

    2011-01-01

    The paper scrutinises the dynamics and the nature of peer review in the programme evaluation and accreditation process within the context of diverse individual and institutional legacies in South Africa. It analyses the peer review process and highlights the contestation at political, policy and epistemological levels. The paper argues that,…

  12. Investigating Peer Review as an Intentional Learning Strategy to Foster Collaborative Knowledge-Building in Students of Instructional Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brill, Jennifer M.; Hodges, Charles B.

    2011-01-01

    Peer review has been advocated for as an intentional strategy to support the knowledge and skill attainment of adult learners preparing for professional practice, including those students preparing for instructional design and technology practice. The purposes of this article are to discuss the practical application of peer review as an…

  13. Exploring Peer Review in the Computer Science Classroom

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Scott A. Turner; Manuel A. Pérez-quińones

    2009-01-01

    In computer science, students could benefit from more opportunities to learn\\u000aimportant, high-level concepts and to improve their learning skills. Peer\\u000areview is one method to encourage this by providing students with the\\u000aopportunity to evaluate other people's work and to receive feedback on their\\u000aown projects. This allows for rich learning experience but it is not\\u000aimmediately obvious how

  14. Clinical Microbiology Reviews: genesis of a journal.

    PubMed

    Morello, J A

    1999-04-01

    In 1986 planning for a new ASM review journal, Clinical Microbiology Reviews (CMR), began. CMR would publish articles primarily of interest to persons concerned with pathogenesis, laboratory diagnosis, epidemiology, and control of human and veterinary pathogens. The first issue was published in January 1988, with quarterly publication since then. The journal quickly became successful in terms of subscribers and impact on the field, earning a strong national and international reputation. The achievements of CMR are owed to many persons, including the editorial board, the production team, and especially the contributing authors. PMID:10194455

  15. HOW EFFECTIVELY DOES MEDICAL CARE ACHIEVE ITS PURPOSES? EVALUATION OF PEER-REVIEWED LITERATURE IN OPHTHALMOLOGY RELATED TO WELLNESS

    PubMed Central

    Spaeth, George L.; Monteiro de Barros, Daniela S.; Gheith, Moataz; Siam, Ghada Ali; Nagarsheth, Mehul

    2007-01-01

    Purpose To get an idea of whether the issue of what makes people healthier is studied in ophthalmology by determining the proportion of articles dealing with that subject. Methods Prospective review of all articles published in 3 consecutive issues of 7 peer-reviewed ophthalmology journals, using a grading system in which A signified an article that clearly dealt with a subject expected to have an impact on health or quality of life, or that considered health or quality of life itself directly; B indicated an article similar to A, but not directly concerned with the issue of health; C signified an article similar to B but more distantly related to health or quality of life; and D was the grade given when there was no relationship at all to health or quality of life. Grading was done independently by 3 graders. A literature review on the subject was also performed. Results Thirty-three articles received a grade of A, 229 of B, 740 of C, and 81 of D. There were more articles that had no relationship at all to health or quality of life than there were articles dealing directly with those issues. Conclusions On the basis of a review of the literature and of over 1000 articles, ophthalmologists do not appear to give much priority to issues of quality of life or health. How validly these conclusions can be generalized to general clinicians is not known. PMID:18427612

  16. Journal Review Guidelines In general our lab will use our weekly group meeting as a "journal club" every other

    E-print Network

    George, Steven C.

    Journal Review Guidelines In general our lab will use our weekly group meeting as a "journal for the journal club is responsible for selecting the paper to review, distributing the paper to lab members and the presentation. Journal. We will focus our review on papers published in "high impact" journals. While

  17. Anthony Joern Publications (all peer reviewed) Edited Books

    E-print Network

    Kaufman, Glennis A.

    and patterns of mating success in managed American plains bison (Bison bison bison). Journal of Heredity 104. 2013. Blazing and grazing: influences of fire and bison on tallgrass prairie stream water quality for the performance of bison in tallgrass prairie. Global Change Biology 15: 772- 779. Behmer, S. and A. Joern. 2008

  18. Publications on Rural Poverty and Development Peer-Reviewed Articles

    E-print Network

    Lopez-Carr, David

    in the agricultural frontier: the Maya Biosphere Reserve, Guatemala. Proceedings of the 2013 International Union settler households in an agricultural frontier in Guatemala's Maya Biosphere Reserve. Journal of Global. Grunberg y S. Elias. Guatemala City, Guatemala: Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO). p

  19. ForPeerReview Differentially activated macrophages orchestrate myogenic

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    human skeletal muscle regeneration Journal: Stem Cells Manuscript ID: SC-12-0535.R2 Manuscript Type stem cells, Myeloid cells, Myogenesis, Adult stem cells, Cell interactions, Skeletal muscle Scholar myogenic precursor cell fate during human skeletal muscle regeneration Marielle Saclier1,2,3,10 , Houda

  20. New mothers and postpartum depression: a narrative review of peer support intervention studies.

    PubMed

    Leger, Joni; Letourneau, Nicole

    2015-07-01

    Postpartum depression (PPD) is a serious maternal mental health issue that negatively impacts new mothers and their infants. Various interventions have been studied and one that has shown promise is social support delivered by peers. Understanding what previous studies on peer support interventions have found will contribute to the development and implementation of future peer support interventions for women with PPD. To this end, a systematic search and narrative review of studies that investigated peer support interventions for PPD was conducted. Relevant studies were identified using CINAHL, Medline, PsychINFO and the Cochrane Library published between 2000 and 2010. Six studies matching inclusion criteria were reviewed. Each of the studies had specific selection criteria and some used screening tools for recruitment. There were differences regarding the criteria for volunteers. All volunteers participated in some form of training and had support from a co-ordinator. Interventions varied in terms of length and nature of support offered, frequency and mode of delivery. Volunteers reported positively on their experience, although there were some challenges in providing support. Overall findings suggest that interventions should be targeted and take into consideration the age of the mother, any cultural and linguistic differences, the mother's circumstances and her needs. All volunteers should receive training before providing support and be screened for their ability to commit their time. Although the results were mixed, they provide insights into how peer support volunteers can be an innovative part of a team approach to PPD intervention. PMID:25346377

  1. Social Peer Interactions in Persons with Profound Intellectual and Multiple Disabilities: A Literature Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nijs, Sara; Maes, Bea

    2014-01-01

    Social interactions may positively influence developmental and quality of life outcomes. Research in persons with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD) mostly investigated interactions with caregivers. This literature review focuses on peer interactions of persons with PIMD. A computerized literature search of three databases was…

  2. Peer Assessment and Compliance Review (PACR) Innovative Strategies Report. California Court Appointed Special Advocates (CASA) Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Macro, Bronwen; Huang, Lee Ann

    2005-01-01

    This report focuses on the innovative strategies study component of the Peer Assessment and Compliance Review (PACR) project. California (Court Appointed Special Advocates) CASA programs have developed many innovative strategies to serve children in their communities. At each of the programs visited during the PACR project, the team identified at…

  3. Using Computer-Mediated Peer Review in an Engineering Design Course

    Microsoft Academic Search

    PATRICIA A. CARLSON; FREDERICK C. BERRY

    2008-01-01

    Writing, especially when accompanied by feedback and revision, is a powerful enhancer for learning, as the writing-to-learn literature attests. Yet, writing as a vehicle for learning seldom appears in engineering content courses. We relate our experiences with a pilot program in engineering design funded through the National Science Foundation. Specifically, we focus on using Calibrated Peer Review as a platform

  4. ForPeerReview Wheat canopy structure and surface roughness effects on

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    ForPeerReview Wheat canopy structure and surface roughness effects on multi-angle observations at L-band roughness effects2 on multi-angle observations at L-band3 4 Sandy Peischl, Member, IEEE, Jeffrey P. Walker at multiple incidence angles using airborne L-band data from the26 National Airborne Field Experiment (NAFE

  5. The Convergence of Digital-Libraries and the Peer-Review Process

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marko A. Rodriguez; Johan Bollen; Herbert Van De Sompel

    2005-01-01

    Pre-print repositories have seen a significant increase in use over the past fifteen years across multiple research domains. Researchers are beginning to develop applications capable of using these repositories to assist the scientific community above and beyond the pure dissemination of information. The contributions set forth by this paper emphasize a deconstructed publication model in which the peer-review process is

  6. ForPeerReview REINFORCEMENT-FREE DECKS USING A MODIFIED STRUT-

    E-print Network

    Russell, Jeffrey S.

    include highway bridges,14 reinforced-precast-prestressed concrete design and earthquake resistance.15 ACI. A required design resistance capacity for wheel loads was also defined5 considering failure caused by movingForPeerReview Only REINFORCEMENT-FREE DECKS USING A MODIFIED STRUT- AND-TIE MODEL: PART 2 ­ DESIGN

  7. Publications on Land Use/Cover Change and Deforestation Peer-Reviewed Articles

    E-print Network

    Lopez-Carr, David

    Publications on Land Use/Cover Change and Deforestation Peer-Reviewed Articles Pricope, N. G., G. López-Carr, D. Redo, M. Bonilla, M. Levy (2013). Deforestation and reforestation of Latin America and the Caribbean (2001-2010). Biotropica. 45(2): 262-271. López-Carr, D. and J. Burgdorfer (2013) "Deforestation

  8. MANUSCRIPT PEER REVIEW: A HELPFUL CHECKLIST FOR STUDENTS AND NOVICE REFEREES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Douglas R. Seals; Hirofumi Tanaka

    he ability to contribute consistent, fundamentally sound critiques is an essential element of the scientific peer review process and an important professional skill for investigators. Despite its importance, many students and junior scientists do not have an adequate working knowledge of how to effectively critique research manuscripts. Part of the problem, in our view, is that novice referees often lack

  9. SUMMARY OF RESPONSES FROM OTHER UNIVERSITIES1 Internal Peer Review Processes for Research Grant Applications

    E-print Network

    Sussex, University of

    are required to have a grants panel which has a remit to increase both the quantity and quality of research such as the Research Administrator, Deputy Head and grants panel Chair. 1 Via ARMA (Association of Research ManagersAnnex A SUMMARY OF RESPONSES FROM OTHER UNIVERSITIES1 Internal Peer Review Processes for Research

  10. Embedding Research in a Field-based Module through Peer Review and Assessment for Learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dawn T. Nicholson

    2011-01-01

    A case study is presented of embedding research in a final year undergraduate, field-based, physical geography module. The approach is holistic, whereby research-based learning activities simulate the full life cycle of research from inception through to peer review and publication. The learning, teaching and assessment strategy emphasizes the progressive nature of knowledge and skills acquisition, facilitated through multiple opportunities for

  11. The Future of Peer Review in the Humanities Is Wide Open

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mole, Beth

    2012-01-01

    Nobody likes the current system of peer review, and most everybody agrees it should move online. But from there, opinions diverge. As humanities editors continue to experiment with Web-based technology, two proposed online tools are highlighting disagreement over what needs fixing. Peter H. Sigal, a blue-haired associate professor of history at…

  12. A Comparative Analysis of Teacher Peer Review Programs in Four Urban Districts: Professional Unionism in Action.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Philip P.

    This paper examines the development and implementation of peer-review-based teacher evaluation programs representing the vanguard of a paradigmatic shift occurring within teachers unions. It explores how teachers and their local unions reconcile competing criteria for legitimacy within the institutions of teacher unionism and professionalism by…

  13. ForPeerReview Traffic Congestion and Air Pollution Exposure for Motorists

    E-print Network

    Bertini, Robert L.

    ForPeerReview Only 1 Traffic Congestion and Air Pollution Exposure for Motorists: Comparing- related air pollution using real-world traffic data and a framework of established emissions can increase the emissions rates of air pollutants from motor vehicles, degrading urban air quality

  14. Innovative Peer Review Model for Rural Physicians: System Design and Implementation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Josie R.; Mechler, Kathy; Akins, Ralitsa B.

    2008-01-01

    Context: The peer review process in small rural hospitals is complicated by limited numbers of physicians, conflict of interest, issues related to appropriate utilization of new technology, possibility for conflicting recommendations, and need for external expertise. Purpose: The purpose of this project was to design, test, and implement a virtual…

  15. 2014 Water Power Program Peer Review: Marine and Hydrokinetic Technologies, Compiled Presentations (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2014-02-01

    This document represents a collection of all presentations given during the EERE Wind and Water Power Program's 2014 Marine and Hydrokinetic Peer Review. The purpose of the meeting was to evaluate DOE-funded hydropower and marine and hydrokinetic R&D projects for their contribution to the mission and goals of the Water Power Program and to assess progress made against stated objectives.

  16. MJG:Peer Review, 5/00 1 M. J. Gouge

    E-print Network

    D T density (g/cc) .09 .2 0.32 boiling point at 1 atm (K) 20.4 23.7 25 triple point (K) 13.8 18.7 20.6 triple point pressure (torr) 54 129 162 #12;MJG:Peer Review, 5/00 8 7323,, 7ULWLXP ([WUXGHU ([SHULPHQWV

  17. Peer Reviewed Subsidence, sea level rise, and seismicity in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta

    E-print Network

    Schladow, S. Geoffrey

    Peer Reviewed Title: Subsidence, sea level rise, and seismicity in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta Permalink: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/4k44725p Keywords: Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, subsidence water, serves as a useful measure of the regional consequences of Delta subsidence and sea level rise

  18. ForPeerReview Biogeochemical reduction processes in a hyper-alkaline

    E-print Network

    Burke, Ian

    ForPeerReview Only Biogeochemical reduction processes in a hyper-alkaline affected leachate soil processes in a hyper-alkaline affected leachate soil profile1 2 Ian T. Burke1* , Robert J.G. Mortimer1 precipitate (tufa) that is17 accumulating where highly alkaline leachate from a lime kiln waste tip

  19. Final Independent External Peer Review Report Integrated Feasibility Study and Environmental

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Independent External Peer Review Report Integrated Feasibility Study and Environmental Impact Statement and Environmental Impact Statement for the LCA-Small Diversion at Convent/Blind River (St. James Parish, Louisiana project, an IEPR was conducted for the Integrated Feasibility Study and Environmental Impact Statement

  20. Calibrated Peer Review Essays Increase Student Confidence in Assessing Their Own Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Likkel, Lauren

    2012-01-01

    The online writing software Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) is a useful tool for assigning writing assignments in large college classes. In this system, students submit essays online and are guided in how to rate essays using criteria written by the instructor. The instructor does not have to grade the essays, and CPR has educational benefits that…

  1. An Analysis of Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) in a Science Lecture Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walvoord, Mark E.; Hoefnagels, Marielle H.; Gaffin, Douglas D.; Chumchal, Matthew M.; Long, David A.

    2008-01-01

    Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) is an online tool being used to integrate a writing component in classrooms. In an introductory zoology lecture class, the authors found that CPR-assigned scores were significantly higher than instructor-assigned scores on two of three essay assignments. They also found that neither students' technical-writing skills…

  2. Application of Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) Writing Assignments to Enhance Experiments with an Environmental Chemistry Focus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Margerum, Lawrence D.; Gulsrud, Maren; Manlapez, Ronald; Rebong, Rachelle; Love, Austin

    2007-01-01

    The browser-based software program, Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) developed by the Molecular Science Project enables instructors to create structured writing assignments in which students learn by writing and reading for content. Though the CPR project covers only one experiment in general chemistry, it might provide lab instructors with a method…

  3. Research on Peer Coaching in Preservice Teacher Education--A Review of Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lu, Hsiu-Lien

    2010-01-01

    This study reviewed eight studies selected from the ERIC and Education Complete databases covering the years 1997 through 2007. The goals of this study were to identify similarities and differences of peer coaching and to examine its feasibility and challenges in preservice teacher education. The four similarities among the studies identified are…

  4. Environmental DNA (eDNA) Science and Methodology USACE Response to Independent External Peer Review

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    on the scientific ideas, methods, and evaluations; it did not include an assessment of management decisions an Independent External Peer Review (IEPR) of the Environmental DNA (eDNA) scientific method developed and implemented by researchers at the University of Notre Dame (UND). USACE is employing the eDNA scientific

  5. Final Independent External Peer Review Report Fargo-Moorhead Metropolitan Flood Risk

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Final Independent External Peer Review Report Fargo-Moorhead Metropolitan Flood Risk Management of the Army U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Flood Risk Management Planning Center of Expertise Sacramento-Moorhead Metropolitan Flood Risk Management Feasibility Study North Dakota and Minnesota by Battelle 505 King Avenue

  6. Peer Review of the ESR Health Risk Assessment on Dung Beetles 31 October 2013

    E-print Network

    Sun, Jing

    Peer Review of the ESR Health Risk Assessment on Dung Beetles 31 October 2013 General In general health risk assessment to be a good contribution to the discussion about the potential public health for the disagreements between the experts (i.e. the ESR team who undertook the health risk assessment

  7. Interrater Reliability to Assure Valid Content in Peer Review of CME-Accredited Presentations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quigg, Mark; Lado, Fred A.

    2009-01-01

    Introduction: The Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) provides guidelines for continuing medical education (CME) materials to mitigate problems in the independence or validity of content in certified activities; however, the process of peer review of materials appears largely unstudied and the reproducibility of…

  8. Gold for Gold You use an Open Access voucher after peer-review and

    E-print Network

    Gold for Gold You use an Open Access voucher after peer-review and acceptance. The final article website without any barriers to access. How to Apply for Open Access There are two possible routes to Gold: · Gold for Gold voucher code Or payment; · Online application; · Open Access Licence to Publish form

  9. 2014 Water Power Program Peer Review: Hydropower Technologies, Compiled Presentations (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2014-02-01

    This document represents a collection of all presentations given during the EERE Wind and Water Power Program's 2014 Hydropower Peer Review. The purpose of the meeting was to evaluate DOE-funded hydropower and marine and hydrokinetic R&D projects for their contribution to the mission and goals of the Water Power Program and to assess progress made against stated objectives.

  10. Peer Reviewed White-Tailed Deer Harvest From the Chronic Wasting

    E-print Network

    Mladenoff, David

    Peer Reviewed White-Tailed Deer Harvest From the Chronic Wasting Disease Eradication Zone in South Chronic wasting disease (CWD) was discovered in free-ranging white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in south-central Wisconsin in 2002. The current control method for CWD in the state is the harvest of deer

  11. Using Student Peer Review of Experiment Reports in an Undergraduate Physics Class

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moran, Timothy; Van Hook, Stephen J.

    2006-01-01

    A class centered on student design of experiments and peer review of the resulting reports is described. Thirteen students in an honors seminar section of an introductory physics class designed experiments to test various types of paranormal phenomena. Each experimental report was evaluated and ranked by several other students. To give them…

  12. Policies for Evaluating Faculty: Recommendations for Incorporating Student and Peer Reviews in the Faculty Evaluation Process

    E-print Network

    Hofmann, Hans A.

    Policies for Evaluating Faculty: Recommendations for Incorporating Student and Peer Reviews 2013. Guidelines for Student Evaluations of Faculty Task Force Background In spring 2012, a task force, including students and faculty from academic and health institutions. The group met regularly throughout

  13. Incorporating a Substantial Writing Assignment into Organic Chemistry: Library Research, Peer Review, and Assessment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ivan A. Shibley Jr.; Louis K. Milakofsky; Cynthia L. Nicotera

    2001-01-01

    A substantial writing assignment in an organic chemistry course provides a means of allowing students to direct their own learning about a specific application of organic chemistry. The use of peer review provided additional benefits: students learned organic chemistry from reading each others' papers and learned more about how classmates write about chemistry. Recommendations about how best to collaborate with

  14. Second Peer Review for New MGI Valves for NSTX-U

    E-print Network

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    Operated at 2T Radial Fields 9 (15 X NSTX-U valve) #12;Next Steps (2) · Test with magnets installed near the valve body ­ 6 inch x 3 inch x 1 inch magnetsSecond Peer Review for New MGI Valves for NSTX-U (Update on Valve Tes

  15. Third Peer Review for New MGI Valves for NSTX-U

    E-print Network

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    at 2T Radial Fields 17 (15 X NSTX-U valve) #12;Installa>on Concept - 1Third Peer Review for New MGI Valves for NSTX-U (Update on Valve Tes;Version 1 Valve · Primary plenum volume ~ 1000cc · Primary exhaust orifice

  16. ForPeerReview Radiographic diagnosis of metabolic bone disease in captive

    E-print Network

    consistent with MBD (Figure 2). Multiple folding fractures of the long bones were present, averaging greater a healed fracture of the femur consistent with previous trauma. Wild caught frogs had normal appearing boneForPeerReview Radiographic diagnosis of metabolic bone disease in captive bred mountain chicken

  17. ForPeerReview Molecular basis of Diamond-Blackfan anemia

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ForPeerReview Molecular basis of Diamond-Blackfan anemia: Structure and function analysis of RPS19 basis of Diamond-Blackfan anemia: Structure and function analysis of RPS19 Running title : Crystal) Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a rare congenital disease linked to mutations in the ribosomal protein

  18. Peer-Reviewed Research and Individualized Education Programs (IEPs): An Examination of Intent and Impact

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan Etscheidt; Christina M. Curran

    2010-01-01

    The reauthorized Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) requires Individualized Education Program (IEP) teams to base the selection of special education, related services, and supplementary aids and services on peer-reviewed research (PRR) to the extent practicable. This article examines the intended purpose of the PRR provision and its impact on the development of IEPs. Intent is examined through the legislative

  19. ForPeerReview Voltage-activated elementary calcium release events in isolated mouse

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    ForPeerReview Voltage-activated elementary calcium release events in isolated mouse skeletal muscle of striated muscle, Mechanisms of calcium influx, Modulation of excitation-contraction coupling, ryanodine events in isolated mouse skeletal muscle fibers Laszlo Csernoch* , Sandrine Pouvreau , Michel Ronjat

  20. Teaching Antitrust to Health Law Students: Peer Review as a Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Frances H.

    1988-01-01

    Despite student preconceptions, basic antitrust doctrine is easy to convey in a health law course. In either a survey course or one specifically devoted to the application of antitrust principles to the health industry, medical peer review provides an excellent case study. (MSE)

  1. Easy to Dance To: Solving the Problems of Teacher Evaluation with Peer Assistance and Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldstein, Jennifer

    2007-01-01

    Scholars and practitioners have long criticized teacher evaluation as ineffective. Peer assistance and review (PAR) alters traditional teacher evaluation, as master teachers conduct summative as well as formative assessment of beginning teachers and veteran teachers in need of intervention. Relying on data from a longitudinal case study of one…

  2. Peer Review and Teacher Leadership: Linking Professionalism and Accountability. Series on School Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldstein, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    This book examines a policy that is one of the most powerful levers to improve teaching quality and advance teaching as a profession. Jennifer Goldstein presents the story of Rosemont, an urban district in California that created "professional accountability" with peer assistance and review (PAR), an alternative approach to teacher evaluation in…

  3. Peer Review of Recent Dung Beetle Research Relevant to New Zealand 4 November 2013

    E-print Network

    Sun, Jing

    Peer Review of Recent Dung Beetle Research Relevant to New Zealand 4 November 2013 Pastoral claimed in the ERMA application are applicable to NZ's pastoral production environment (see Dung Beetle Release Strategy Group website). Unfortunately, the dung beetles failed to show a statistically

  4. ForPeerReview First-principles calculation of second-order elastic constants

    E-print Network

    Perger, Warren F.

    PeerReview (SOECs) for such materials. Elastic constants provide important information on the mechanical properties- mined, thereby improving the quality of SOEC calculations. With these ca- pabilities, equation of state (EOS) and SOEC calculations are facilitated and will be reported here for lithium azide and lead azide

  5. Using 360 degree peer review to validate self-reporting in human capital measurement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Massingham; Thi Nguyet Que Nguyen; Rada Massingham

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to address the subjectivity inherent in existing methods of human capital value measurement (HCVM) by proposing a 360-degree peer review as a method of validating self-reporting in HCVM surveys. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The case study is based on a survey of a section of the Royal Australian Navy. The sample was 118 respondents,

  6. How to Get Published: An Inside View of the IEEE Peer-Review Process

    E-print Network

    Valenti, Matthew C.

    How to Get Published: An Inside View of the IEEE Peer-Review Process Matthew C. Valenti Lane UniverHow to Get Published Apr. 11, 2011 1 / 29 #12;Outline 1 Why Publish? 2 Types of Publications 3 Science and Electrical Engineering West Virginia UniverHow to Get Published Apr. 11, 2011 2 / 29 #12;Why

  7. How to Get Published: An Inside View of the IEEE Peer-Review Process

    E-print Network

    Valenti, Matthew C.

    How to Get Published: An Inside View of the IEEE Peer-Review Process Matthew C. Valenti Lane UniverHow to Get Published Oct. 27, 2008 1 / 29 #12;Outline 1 Why Publish? 2 Types of Publications 3 Science and Electrical Engineering West Virginia UniverHow to Get Published Oct. 27, 2008 2 / 29 #12;Why

  8. ForPeerReview Characterization of the dynamics of hepatitis B virus

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    Chevaliez,1,2 Paul Bensadoun,2 and Jean-Michel Pawlotsky1,2 1National Reference Center for Viral Hepatitis B for Research on AIDS and Viral Hepatitis (ANRS). We are particularly grateful to Prof. Jean-François DelfraissyForPeerReview Characterization of the dynamics of hepatitis B virus resistance to adefovir by ultra

  9. Technical/Peer Review Draft May 2006 PART II OVERVIEW1

    E-print Network

    Technical/Peer Review Draft May 2006 II-1 PART II OVERVIEW1 2 Energy, Industry, and Waste Laboratory, 2 Ecotechnology Program,11 Mid Sweden University, 3 Department of Space Studies, University23 atmosphere, over a very short period of time, carbon that was stored deep in the Earth over

  10. Final Independent External Peer Review Report Mohawk Dam Major Rehabilitation Report

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Final Independent External Peer Review Report Mohawk Dam Major Rehabilitation Report Warsaw, Ohio Report Mohawk Dam Major Rehabilitation Report Warsaw, Ohio by Battelle 505 King Avenue Columbus, OH 43201 documentation. #12;This page is intentionally left blank. #12;Mohawk Dam Major Rehabilitation Report i Battelle

  11. Assessment of Programming Language Learning Based on Peer Code Review Model: Implementation and Experience Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Yanqing; Li, Hang; Feng, Yuqiang; Jiang, Yu; Liu, Ying

    2012-01-01

    The traditional assessment approach, in which one single written examination counts toward a student's total score, no longer meets new demands of programming language education. Based on a peer code review process model, we developed an online assessment system called "EduPCR" and used a novel approach to assess the learning of computer…

  12. BRAINA JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY REVIEW ARTICLE

    E-print Network

    Sur, Mriganka

    BRAINA JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY REVIEW ARTICLE Harnessing neuroplasticity for clinical applications Resources, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA 15 National Institute on Drug Abuse, Rockville, MD 20852, USA 16 Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA 22 Berenson-Allen Centre for Non

  13. Peer Review of Multimedia Web Sites Authored by Student Teams

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Trish Ferrett

    Students are asked, as individuals in a team, to critically review the draft of a multimedia web site authored by another team in my course. Student must follow a template with 5 review criteria, and submit their review to each member of the web site author team and to me. Please see the handout below for instructions I give to students for this activity.

  14. Implementing Calibrated Peer Review to Enhance Technical Critiquing Skills in a Bioengineering Laboratory

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Saterbak, Ann

    Developed at UCLA, Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) is a web-based tool developed to help students improve their technical writing and critiquing skills. In 2006 and 2007 we used CPR in an upper-level tissue culture laboratory course in which students conduct viability, attachment, and proliferation assays using fibroblast cells. After completing their experiments, students use PowerPoint to construct a technical poster that illustrates their experimental methods, results, and conclusions. For the CPR component of the assignment, students first evaluate three sample posters supplied by the instructor to calibrate their critiquing skills. After this step, students conduct a blind review of three peers posters and then evaluate their own. During the calibration, peer critiquing and self evaluation stages, students respond to 15 statements about the quality of the posters. Eleven statements cover technical content, including succinct summary of objectives, clear experimental methods, quality of graphs, and key results interpreted in words. Three statements probe the posters visual appeal, including appropriate size and style of font. One final statement requires a holistic evaluation of the poster. Following CPR, students turn in a revised copy of their technical poster. In 2006, students had difficulty during the calibration phase. Following a major revision of the calibration phase in 2007, 79% of students passed all three calibration posters. Instructor, peer, and self evaluations were compared. There was a strong linear correlation between instructor evaluation and peer evaluation (r = 0.60, regression model ANOVA P0.2). These results suggest that students may be better able to technically evaluate others work, rather than their own. Students perceived the peer evaluation process as generally helpful, although they noted that their peers comments were less specific and occasionally inconsistent with their instructors feedback. Students reported on surveys that peer evaluation was effective in helping them to recognize many facets of technical poster design, such as errors and omissions, data presentation, and technical argument. 97% of the students claimed their technical critiquing skills improved as a result of this experience. We feel that using CPR to facilitate the peer evaluation process is an effective way to enhance undergraduate engineering students technical critiquing skills.

  15. Annual acknowledgement of manuscript reviewers

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Contributing reviewers The Editors of Cardiovascular Diabetology wish to thank all reviewers, both Editorial Board Members and external referees, who contributed to the journal in 2013 (Volume 12), and whose enthusiastic support in providing the essential service of peer review continues to improve the scientific quality of the journal and enable its goals to be achieved.

  16. Diagnostic radiology peer review: a method inclusive of all interpreters of radiographic examinations regardless of specialty.

    PubMed

    Hopper, K D; Rosetti, G F; Edmiston, R B; Madewell, J E; Beam, L M; Landis, J R; Miller, K L; Ricci, J A; McCauslin, M A

    1991-08-01

    A proposed method of assessing the quality of diagnostic radiographic examinations includes peer review designed to evaluate physicians, including nonradiologists, involved in the performance and interpretation of such examinations. A pilot project evaluated this system with randomly selected Pennsylvania Blue Shield data files of 10 providers billing for chest radiography interpretations during the second quarter of 1989. Of the 98 chest radiographs reviewed blindly, all inadequately marked radiographs and incomplete written reports were produced by nonradiologists. Technical quality of images obtained by radiologists did not significantly differ from that of images obtained by nonradiologists (P = .189). All five interpretive errors that could have seriously affected the patient's health care were produced by nonradiologists (P = .019). Four of these serious errors were made by providers billing for fewer than 25 radiographs. While administrative and time cost limitations are obvious, this method of peer review encompasses all physicians billing for a particular radiographic service, irrespective of specialty. PMID:2068327

  17. Peer Review Committees 2012-2013 REVIEWEES COMMITTEES

    E-print Network

    , C. Kocher (Chair), Reaka, Soares Colombini (Chair), Simon, Haag Jeffery (Chair), Borgia, Carr Fagan (Chair), Borgia, Higgins Fenster (Chair), Kocher, Inouye Reviewers listed in bold have been assigned

  18. Children Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing in Inclusive Educational Settings: A Literature Review on Interactions with Peers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xie, Yu-Han; Potmešil, Milon; Peters, Brenda

    2014-01-01

    This review is conducted to describe how children who are deaf or hard of hearing (D/HH) interact with hearing peers in inclusive settings, illustrate the difficulties and challenges faced by them in interacting with peers, and identify effective interventions that promote their social interaction in inclusive education. A systematic search of…

  19. The Effects of Face-to-Face and Computer-Mediated Peer Review on EFL Writers' Comments and Revisions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ho, Mei-ching

    2015-01-01

    This study investigates the use of face-to-face and computer-mediated peer review in an English as a Foreign Language (EFL) writing course to examine how different interaction modes affect comment categories, students' revisions, and their perceptions of peer feedback. The participants were an intact class of 13 students at a Taiwanese university.…

  20. Effectiveness of Peer Education Interventions for HIV Prevention in Developing Countries: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Medley, Amy; Kennedy, Caitlin; O'Reilly, Kevin; Sweat, Michael

    2009-01-01

    Peer education for HIV prevention has been widely implemented in developing countries, yet the effectiveness of this intervention has not been systematically evaluated. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of peer education interventions in developing countries published between January 1990 and November 2006. Standardized methods of…

  1. Peer Assistance and Review: A Cross-Site Study of Labor-Management Collaboration Required for Program Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Qazilbash, Emily Kalejs

    2009-01-01

    Peer Assistance and Review (PAR), a program in which Consulting Teachers (CTs) provide support for and then evaluate their peers, requires a unique labor-management collaboration because it brings together members of the teachers union and administration to focus on improving teacher quality. PAR requires that CTs and principals share evaluation…

  2. How to Survive Peer Review How to Survive

    E-print Network

    Hall, Spencer

    , BioMed Central, London, UK Tom Jefferson Director, Health Reviews Ltd, Anguillara Sabazia, Roma, Italy of the publishers. First published in 2002 by BMJ Books, BMA House, Tavistock Square, London WC1H 9JR www

  3. Peer attachment: a meta-analytic review of gender and age differences and associations with parent attachment.

    PubMed

    Gorrese, Anna; Ruggieri, Ruggero

    2012-05-01

    In adolescence, peers represent key actors within individual social network. Given the relevance of peer connections and the growing literature examining them, the purpose of this article was to review, through a meta-analytic approach, studies on adolescent and youth peer relationships within the theoretical framework of attachment. First, we synthesized results of 44 studies focused on relationships between parent and peer attachment. Second, we summarized findings of 54 studies reporting gender differences on peer attachment. Third, we computed an overall effect for age differences on peer attachment documented in 19 studies. Main findings highlighted that parent attachment is moderately correlated to peer attachment; that females were significantly more attached to their peers than males; and that the correlation between age and peer attachment was not significant. This set of findings was confirmed examining both overall peer attachment as well as specific dimensions of attachment, such as trust and communication. Furthermore, since a significant heterogeneity was found across studies, we tested the effects of various categorical (i.e., year and language of publication, country, attachment measure) and continuous (i.e., mean age and percentage of females of the sample, number of items of the peer attachment scale) moderators related to characteristics of the study samples and designs. Implications of these findings for future research are discussed. A focus on cultural dimensions and on peer attachment processes would be worthwhile to address relevant research questions: How do peer relationships progressively become mature attachment relationships? How is this process shaped for individuals with different parent attachment histories? PMID:22476726

  4. 69 FR 56223 - Program Peer Review Subcommittee of the Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC), National Center for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2004-09-20

    ...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Program Peer Review...NCEH)/ Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR); Teleconference In...Health/Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry in Atlanta, Georgia....

  5. Examining The Impact of Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) on Student Writing Developed Through Web-Based Ecological Inquiry Projects 

    E-print Network

    Robledo, Denise

    2012-07-16

    E-learning tools such as Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) have made writing assignments easier to implement and grade; however, we have limited knowledge of how CPR affects student scientific writing. Past CPR research has ...

  6. Examining The Impact of Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) on Student Writing Developed Through Web-Based Ecological Inquiry Projects

    E-print Network

    Robledo, Denise

    2012-07-16

    E-learning tools such as Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) have made writing assignments easier to implement and grade; however, we have limited knowledge of how CPR affects student scientific writing. Past CPR research has examined how CPR generated...

  7. 77 FR 58802 - Notice of Intent To Seek OMB Approval To Collect Information: Forms Pertaining to the Peer Review...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-24

    ...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Research Service Notice of Intent To Seek OMB Approval...Forms Pertaining to the Peer Review of ARS Research Projects AGENCY: Agricultural Research Service (ARS), USDA. ACTION: Notice...

  8. SUPPLEMENTAL COLUMBIA RIVER PROTECTION ACTIVITIES AT THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY HANFORD SITE: 2006 TECHNICAL PEER REVIEW

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B Looney; Dawn Kaback; Gene Leboeuf; Jason Mulvihill-Kuntz; Lynn Lefkoff

    2006-01-01

    Prompted by a $10 million Congressional allocation to identify supplemental actions to protect the Columbia River from groundwater contamination beneath the Hanford Reservation, the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Management (EM) Office of Clean-up Technology identified twenty-three potential technical projects and then down-selected ten of these for further evaluation. An independent expert peer review was conducted for the

  9. Peer review of grant applications in biology and medicine. Reliability, fairness, and validity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martin Reinhart

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines the peer review procedure of a national science funding organization (Swiss National Science Foundation)\\u000a by means of the three most frequently studied criteria reliability, fairness, and validity. The analyzed data consists of\\u000a 496 applications for project-based funding from biology and medicine from the year 1998. Overall reliability is found to be\\u000a fair with an intraclass correlation coefficient

  10. Peer review, basic research, and engineering: Defining a role for QA professionals in basic research environments

    SciTech Connect

    Bodnarczuk, M.

    1989-02-01

    Within the context of doing basic research, this paper seeks to answer four major questions: (1) What is the authority structure of science. (2) What is peer review. (3) Where is the interface between basic physics research and standard engineering. and (4) Given the conclusions to the first three questions, what is the role of the QA professional in a basic research environment like Fermilab. 23 refs.

  11. U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, 2013 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Report (Book)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2013-10-01

    The fiscal year (FY) 2013 U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting (AMR), in conjunction with DOE's Vehicle Technologies Office AMR, was held from May 13-16, 2013, at the Crystal City Marriott and Crystal Gateway Marriott in Arlington, Virginia. This report is a summary of comments by AMR peer reviewers about the hydrogen and fuel cell projects funded by DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE).

  12. Final External Peer Review Report for Freeport Harbor, Texas

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    and Environmental Impact Statement By Battelle Memorial Institute 505 King Avenue Columbus, OH 43201 Prepared for U for Freeport Harbor, Texas Draft Feasibility Report and Environmental Impact Statement Prepared by Battelle 505 Review Comments on the Freeport Harbor Draft Feasibility Report and Environmental Impact Statement

  13. Automatically Predicting Peer-Review Helpfulness Wenting Xiong

    E-print Network

    Litman, Diane J.

    of Computer Science Pittsburgh, PA, 15260 wex12@cs.pitt.edu Diane Litman University of Pittsburgh Department of Computer Science & Learning Research and Development Center Pittsburgh, PA, 15260 litman and Vorndran, 2009), detecting impor- tant feedback features in reviews (Cho, 2008; Xiong and Litman, 2010

  14. ForPeerReview The Biopolitics of Food Provisioning

    E-print Network

    In the late 1970s Michel Foucault began exploring the emergence of a new technique of government which Provisioning Abstract. The paper begins with a critical review of Foucault's writing on food provisioning and the problem of food scarcity in the 18th and 19th centuries. I relate these reflections to Foucault's concern

  15. Peer Review Considerations Shanta Rajaram, PhD.

    E-print Network

    & How In a Special Emphasis Panel (SEP) Core group of experts in clinical pharmacology, statistics, industry experts in early clinical development. Ad hoc disease specific expertise: both basic/preclinical & clinical. 6-8 reviewers/application. A telephone-assisted "reverse site visit" Investigators available

  16. Social Media, Peer Review, and Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) in Chemistry: Trends, Pitfalls, and Promises.

    PubMed

    Jogalekar, Ashutosh S

    2015-01-01

    Over the last two decades, various themes inherent in the responsible conduct of research (RCR) in chemistry have been brought to light through prominent cases of research misconduct. This article will describe a few of these cases especially through the lens of social media such as blogs and Twitter. A case will be made that these wholly novel modalities of online discussion are now complementing, and in some cases even circumventing some of the limitations of traditional peer review in chemistry. We present in detail our evaluation of three recent cases of RCR along with several other social media illustrations. These cases have been selected to be representative and showcase several of the most prominent issues at the intersection of traditional and social-media based peer review. In each case, basic details are presented along with a brief discussion of the underlying issues-readers interested in deeper analysis of each subject are referred to a collection of relevant articles and websites. This perspective focuses on the most important RCR issues that have arisen in the past decade, a time which we believe coincides with the serious participation of the scientific community in general, and the chemistry community in particular, in social media-based, citizen-enabled peer-review. A discussion of important trends in RCR in the age of social media, outstanding developments in this area, and questions of enduring interest for the near future concludes the article. PMID:26155733

  17. A Systematic Review of Peer-Support Programs for Smoking Cessation in Disadvantaged Groups

    PubMed Central

    Ford, Pauline; Clifford, Anton; Gussy, Kim; Gartner, Coral

    2013-01-01

    The burden of smoking is borne most by those who are socially disadvantaged and the social gradient in smoking contributes substantially to the health gap between the rich and poor. A number of factors contribute to higher tobacco use among socially disadvantaged populations including social (e.g., low social support for quitting), psychological (e.g., low self-efficacy) and physical factors (e.g., greater nicotine dependence). Current evidence for the effectiveness of peer or partner support interventions in enhancing the success of quit attempts in the general population is equivocal, largely due to study design and lack of a theoretical framework in this research. We conducted a systematic review of peer support interventions for smoking cessation in disadvantaged groups. The eight studies which met the inclusion criteria showed that interventions that improve social support for smoking cessation may be of greater importance to disadvantaged groups who experience fewer opportunities to access such support informally. Peer-support programs are emerging as highly effective and empowering ways for people to manage health issues in a socially supportive context. We discuss the potential for peer-support programs to address the high prevalence of smoking in vulnerable populations and also to build capacity in their communities. PMID:24169412

  18. On exemplary scientific conduct regarding submission of manuscripts to biomedical informatics journals

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Randolph A. Miller; Arie Hasman; Charles Safran; Reinhold Haux; Alexa T. Mccray; Torgny Groth; Edward H. Shortliffe

    2006-01-01

    As the Editors of leading international biomedical informatics journals, the authors report on a recent pattern of improper manuscript submissions to journals in our field. As a guide for future authors, we describe ethical and pragmatic issues related to submitting work for peer-reviewed journal publication. We propose a coordinated approach to the problem that our respective journals will follow. This

  19. Publications on Population Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

    E-print Network

    Lopez-Carr, David

    -Carr (2011). Social Identity, Perception and Motivation in Adaptation to Climate Risk in the Coffee Sector of Migrant Remittances on Population-Environment Dynamics in Migrant Origin Areas: International Migration.edu/download.aspx?submissionId=100685. Davis, J. and D. López-Carr (2010). The Effects of Migrant Remittances on Consumption in Highland

  20. Publications on Latin America Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

    E-print Network

    Lopez-Carr, David

    -Carr (2011). Social Identity, Perception and Motivation in Adaptation to Climate Risk in the Coffee Sector). The Effects of Migrant Remittances on Population-Environment Dynamics in Migrant Origin Areas: International/full/178.pdf. Frank, E., H. Eakin, D. López-Carr (2010). Risk Perception and Adaptation to Climate Risk