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1

Afterword - Why Peer Review Journals?  

Microsoft Academic Search

More than 50% of academic libraries' budgets are spent on peer review journal subscriptions [1]. One may wonder why these publications (often) with plain and dull covers (unlike those attractive, colorful magazines on newsstands), small subscription base and specialized readership carry such importance. The reason is simple. Publishing a journal for interested researchers, academics, and practitioners benefits the advancement of

Ellen Yi-Luen Do

2003-01-01

2

Consensus Journals: Invitational Journals Based upon Peer Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer networks open new possibilities for scientific communication in terms of quality, efficiency, and rapidity. Consensus journals have the economy of invitational journals and the objectivity of journals based upon peer review. That is, all articles are published and the reader benefits from article selection based upon impartial refereeing. An additional benefit of consensus journals is that the negotiation process,

David S. Stodolsky

1995-01-01

3

Peer Review Practices of Mass Communication Scholarly Journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research and publication are important to today 's teacher-scholar. Gettingpublished in refereed journals is considered by many the surest way to tenure and promotion. Peer review has not been a popular area of study, but, increasingly, questions are being raised about current peer review practices in a variety of disciplines, including mass communication. This study examines peer review practices in

Larry Z. Leslie

1990-01-01

4

Thank you to Virology Journal's peer reviewers in 2012  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers The editors of Virology Journal would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 9 (2012). The success of any scientific journal depends on an effective and strict peer review process and Virology Journal could not operate without your contribution. We look forward to your continuous support to this journal either as an invited reviewer or a contributing author in the years to come.

2013-01-01

5

The Relationship of Previous Training and Experience of Journal Peer Reviewers to Subsequent Review Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundPeer review is considered crucial to the selection and publication of quality science, but very little is known about the previous experiences and training that might identify high-quality peer reviewers. The reviewer selection processes of most journals, and thus the qualifications of their reviewers, are ill defined. More objective selection of peer reviewers might improve the journal peer review process

Michael L. Callaham; John Tercier

2007-01-01

6

Thank you to Virology Journal's peer reviewers in 2013  

PubMed Central

The editors of Virology Journal would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 10 (2013). The success of any scientific journal depends on an effective and strict peer review process and Virology Journal could not operate without your contribution. We are grateful to the large number of reviewers (1026 to be exact!), who have done a great job in not only lifting the quality of the journal’s scientific peer reviewing process, but also helped us to achieve our goal of a median time to first decision of just 35 days. Our record time from submission to online, open access, publication in 2013 was 22 days for a Research Article [1] and 28 days for a Review [2]. This is a great achievement by any standard. We look forward to your continuous support of Virology Journal either as an invited reviewer or a contributing author in the years to come.

2014-01-01

7

Are road safety evaluation studies published in peer reviewed journals more valid than similar studies not published in peer reviewed journals?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The peer review system of scientific journals is commonly assumed to prevent seriously flawed research from getting published. This paper compares the quality of 44 road safety evaluation studies published in peer reviewed journals to the quality of 79 evalutation studies dealing with the same safety measures, but not published in peer reviewed journals, in terms of seven criteria of

Rune Elvik

1998-01-01

8

Consistency between Peer Reviewers for a Clinical Specialty Journal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of reliability among peer reviews of 422 unsolicited articles for the "Journal of Clinical Anesthesia" found that most articles' reviews were consistent or near consistent. However, articles reviewed by two of the editorial board members were much less likely to be accepted than those read by two nonmembers. (Author/MSE)

Cullen, David J.; Macaulay, Anne

1992-01-01

9

A new age of peer reviewed scientific journals  

PubMed Central

The principles of peer reviewed scientific publications date back two and one-half centuries to the origins of Medical Essays and Observations published by the Royal Society of Edinburgh (1731). This year (2012) is notable in that perhaps the most prestigious and best-known medical journal, the New England Journal of Medicine, crossed the second century mark. The methodologies of peer review have undeniably served medicine well and helped to usher in unimaginable advances in human health. Despite such illustrious history, the winds of change are in the air.

Adler, John R.

2012-01-01

10

Scientific composition and review of manuscripts for publication in peer-reviewed dental journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides an extensive tutorial for writers and reviewers involved with the preparation and evaluation of manuscripts submitted for publication in dental journals. The contents were compiled from the Instructions for Authors printed in various peer-reviewed dental journals and from feedback from 10 workshops conducted for the Editorial Review Board of the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. The 10 major

Stephen C. Bayne; Glen P. McGivney; Sarah C. Mazer

11

First CytoJournal Peer-Reviewer's Retreat in 2006 - open access, peer-review, and impact factor.  

PubMed

CytoJournal organized its first Peer-Reviewer's Retreat of 2006 during the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology Annual Meeting at Atlanta on Feb 12, 2006. The major topics discussed were open access, peer review, and impact factors. Representative participants volunteered to join the task force to prepare an instructional guide for peer-reviewing cytopathology manuscripts. Concern about the impact factor for CytoJournal was discussed. A feedback to its readers and authors was recommended. Impact factor calculation needs at least three years of journal statistics. It is only possible after two years from the time a journal is first accepted by Thomson-ISI for citation tracking. CytoJournal is still too new for an impact factor to be calculated. However, general progress of CytoJournal suggests an encouraging pattern for high impact factor. PMID:16566816

Shidham, Vinod B; Sandweiss, Lynn; Atkinson, Barbara F

2006-01-01

12

The Validity of Peer Review in a General Medicine Journal  

PubMed Central

All the opinions in this article are those of the authors and should not be construed to reflect, in any way, those of the Department of Veterans Affairs. Background Our study purpose was to assess the predictive validity of reviewer quality ratings and editorial decisions in a general medicine journal. Methods Submissions to the Journal of General Internal Medicine (JGIM) between July 2004 and June 2005 were included. We abstracted JGIM peer review quality ratings, verified the publication status of all articles and calculated an impact factor for published articles (Rw) by dividing the 3-year citation rate by the average for this group of papers; an Rw>1 indicates a greater than average impact. Results Of 507 submissions, 128 (25%) were published in JGIM, 331 rejected (128 with review) and 48 were either not resubmitted after revision was requested or were withdrawn by the author. Of 331 rejections, 243 were published elsewhere. Articles published in JGIM had a higher citation rate than those published elsewhere (Rw: 1.6 vs. 1.1, p?=?0.002). Reviewer quality ratings of article quality had good internal consistency and reviewer recommendations markedly influenced publication decisions. There was no quality rating cutpoint that accurately distinguished high from low impact articles. There was a stepwise increase in Rw for articles rejected without review, rejected after review or accepted by JGIM (Rw 0.60 vs. 0.87 vs. 1.56, p<0.0005). However, there was low agreement between reviewers for quality ratings and publication recommendations. The editorial publication decision accurately discriminated high and low impact articles in 68% of submissions. We found evidence of better accuracy with a greater number of reviewers. Conclusions The peer review process largely succeeds in selecting high impact articles and dispatching lower impact ones, but the process is far from perfect. While the inter-rater reliability between individual reviewers is low, the accuracy of sorting is improved with a greater number of reviewers.

Jackson, Jeffrey L.; Srinivasan, Malathi; Rea, Joanna; Fletcher, Kathlyn E.; Kravitz, Richard L.

2011-01-01

13

The Relationship of Previous Training and Experience of Journal Peer Reviewers to Subsequent Review Quality  

PubMed Central

Background Peer review is considered crucial to the selection and publication of quality science, but very little is known about the previous experiences and training that might identify high-quality peer reviewers. The reviewer selection processes of most journals, and thus the qualifications of their reviewers, are ill defined. More objective selection of peer reviewers might improve the journal peer review process and thus the quality of published science. Methods and Findings 306 experienced reviewers (71% of all those associated with a specialty journal) completed a survey of past training and experiences postulated to improve peer review skills. Reviewers performed 2,856 reviews of 1,484 separate manuscripts during a four-year study period, all prospectively rated on a standardized quality scale by editors. Multivariable analysis revealed that most variables, including academic rank, formal training in critical appraisal or statistics, or status as principal investigator of a grant, failed to predict performance of higher-quality reviews. The only significant predictors of quality were working in a university-operated hospital versus other teaching environment and relative youth (under ten years of experience after finishing training). Being on an editorial board and doing formal grant (study section) review were each predictors for only one of our two comparisons. However, the predictive power of all variables was weak. Conclusions Our study confirms that there are no easily identifiable types of formal training or experience that predict reviewer performance. Skill in scientific peer review may be as ill defined and hard to impart as is “common sense.” Without a better understanding of those skills, it seems unlikely journals and editors will be successful in systematically improving their selection of reviewers. This inability to predict performance makes it imperative that all but the smallest journals implement routine review ratings systems to routinely monitor the quality of their reviews (and thus the quality of the science they publish).

Callaham, Michael L; Tercier, John

2007-01-01

14

PUBLISHING YOUR WORK IN A JOURNAL: UNDERSTANDING THE PEER REVIEW PROCESS  

PubMed Central

Manuscripts have been subjected to the peer review process prior to publication for over 300 years. Currently, the peer review process is used by almost all scientific journals, and The International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy is no exception. Scholarly publication is the means by which new work is communicated and peer review is an important part of this process. Peer review is a vital part of the quality control mechanism that is used to determine what is published, and what is not. The purpose of this commentary is to provide a description of the peer review process, both generally, and as utilized by The International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy. It is the hope of the authors that this will assist those who submit scholarly works to understand the purpose of the peer review process, as well as to appreciate the length of time required for a manuscript to complete the process and move toward publication.

Hoogenboom, Barbara J.

2012-01-01

15

Peer Review for Journals: Evidence on Quality Control, Fairness, and Innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

I reviewed the published empirical evidence concerning journal peer review, which consisted of 68 papers, all but three published since 1975. Peer review improves quality, but its use to screen papers has met with limited success. Current procedures to assure quality and fairness seem to discourage scientific advancement, especially important innovations, because findings that conflict with current beliefs are often

JS Armstrong

2004-01-01

16

Impact of peer review on reports of randomised trials published in open peer review journals: retrospective before and after study  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate the effectiveness of open peer review as a mechanism to improve the reporting of randomised trials published in biomedical journals. Design Retrospective before and after study. Setting BioMed Central series medical journals. Sample 93 primary reports of randomised trials published in BMC-series medical journals in 2012. Main outcome measures Changes to the reporting of methodological aspects of randomised trials in manuscripts after peer review, based on the CONSORT checklist, corresponding peer reviewer reports, the type of changes requested, and the extent to which authors adhered to these requests. Results Of the 93 trial reports, 38% (n=35) did not describe the method of random sequence generation, 54% (n=50) concealment of allocation sequence, 50% (n=46) whether the study was blinded, 34% (n=32) the sample size calculation, 35% (n=33) specification of primary and secondary outcomes, 55% (n=51) results for the primary outcome, and 90% (n=84) details of the trial protocol. The number of changes between manuscript versions was relatively small; most involved adding new information or altering existing information. Most changes requested by peer reviewers had a positive impact on the reporting of the final manuscript—for example, adding or clarifying randomisation and blinding (n=27), sample size (n=15), primary and secondary outcomes (n=16), results for primary or secondary outcomes (n=14), and toning down conclusions to reflect the results (n=27). Some changes requested by peer reviewers, however, had a negative impact, such as adding additional unplanned analyses (n=15). Conclusion Peer reviewers fail to detect important deficiencies in reporting of the methods and results of randomised trials. The number of these changes requested by peer reviewers was relatively small. Although most had a positive impact, some were inappropriate and could have a negative impact on reporting in the final publication.

Collins, Gary S; Boutron, Isabelle; Yu, Ly-Mee; Cook, Jonathan; Shanyinde, Milensu; Wharton, Rose; Shamseer, Larissa; Altman, Douglas G

2014-01-01

17

Peer review and journal impact factor: the two pillars of contemporary medical publishing  

PubMed Central

The appraisal of scientific quality is a particularly difficult problem. Editorial boards resort to secondary criteria including crude publication counts, journal prestige, the reputation of authors and institutions, and estimated importance and relevance of the research field, making peer review a controversial rather than a rigorous process. On this background different methods for evaluating research may become required, including citation rates and journal impact factors (IF), which are thought to be more quantitative and objective indicators, directly related to published science. The aim of this review is to go into the two pillars of contemporary medical publishing, that is the peer review process and the IF. Qualified experts' reviewing the publications appears to be the only way for the evaluation of medical publication quality. To improve and standardise the principles, procedures and criteria used in peer review evaluation is of great importance. Standardizing and improving training techniques for peer reviewers, would allow for the magnification of a journal's impact factor. This may be a very important reason that impact factor and peer review need to be analyzed simultaneously. Improving a journal's IF would be difficult without improving peer-review efficiency. Peer-reviewers need to understand the fundamental principles of contemporary medical publishing, that is peer-review and impact factors. The current supplement of the Hippokratia for supporting its seminar for reviewers will help to fulfil some of these scopes.

Triaridis, S; Kyrgidis, A

2010-01-01

18

How to Write a Scholarly Book Review for Publication in a Peer-Reviewed Journal  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To describe and discuss the processes used to write scholarly book reviews for publication in peer-reviewed journals and to provide a recommended strategy and book appraisal worksheet to use when conducting book reviews. Methods: A literature search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and the Index to Chiropractic Literature was conducted in June 2009 using a combination of controlled vocabulary and truncated text words to capture articles relevant to writing scholarly book reviews for publication in peer-reviewed journals. Results: The initial search identified 839 citations. Following the removal of duplicates and the application of selection criteria, a total of 78 articles were included in this review including narrative commentaries (n = 26), editorials or journal announcements (n = 25), original research (n = 18), and journal correspondence pieces (n = 9). Discussion: Recommendations for planning and writing an objective and quality book review are presented based on the evidence gleaned from the articles reviewed and from the authors' experiences. A worksheet for conducting a book review is provided. Conclusions: The scholarly book review serves many purposes and has the potential to be an influential literary form. The process of publishing a successful scholarly book review requires the reviewer to appreciate the book review publication process and to be aware of the skills and strategies involved in writing a successful review.

Lee, Alexander D.; Green, Bart N.; Johnson, Claire D.; Nyquist, Julie

2010-01-01

19

Perceptions of Ethical Problems with Scientific Journal Peer Review: An Exploratory Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the results of an anonymous survey of researchers at a government research institution concerning their\\u000a perceptions about ethical problems with journal peer review. Incompetent review was the most common ethical problem reported\\u000a by the respondents, with 61.8% (SE = 3.3%) claiming to have experienced this at some point during peer review. Bias (50.5%,\\u000a SE = 3.4%) was the next most common

David B. Resnik; Christina Gutierrez-Ford; Shyamal Peddada

2008-01-01

20

Peer review for journals: Evidence on quality control, fairness, and innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the published empirical evidence concerning journal peer review consisting of 68 papers, all but three\\u000a published since 1975. Peer review improves quality, but its use to screen papers has met with limited success. Current procedures\\u000a to assure quality and fairness seem to discourage scientific advancement, especially important innovations, because findings\\u000a that conflict with current beliefs are often

J. Scott Armstrong

1997-01-01

21

The Peer-Review Process for Articles in Iran's Scientific Journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research was to study the peer-review process for articles in Iran's accredited scientific journals. The study considered the types of refereeing currently practised, the decision-making methods and criteria for acceptance of articles, the major decision makers, and the current norms in the peer-review process. The method used was a survey, and the data-collecting tool was a

Seyyed Ayatollah Mirzaie; Mohammad Abooyee Ardakan; Fatemeh Sheikhshoaei

2011-01-01

22

The Peer-Review Process for Articles in Iran's Scientific Journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

:The purpose of this research was to study the peer-review process for articles in Iran's accredited scientific journals. The study considered the types of refereeing currently practised, the decision-making methods and criteria for acceptance of articles, the major decision makers, and the current norms in the peer-review process. The method used was a survey, and the data-collecting tool was a

Seyyed Ayatollah Mirzaie; Mohammad Abooyee Ardakan; Fatemeh Sheikhshoaei

2011-01-01

23

Reviewing Manuscripts for Peer-Review Journals: A Primer for Novice and Seasoned Reviewers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  The importance of peer review in the furthering of science cannot be overstated. However, most doctoral students and early\\u000a career professionals receive little formal or informal training in conducting peer reviews.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Purpose  In recognition of this deficit in peer reviewer training, the present article was developed to provide an overview of the\\u000a peer-review process at Annals of Behavioral Medicine and describe

Travis I. Lovejoy; Tracey A. Revenson; Christopher R. France

2011-01-01

24

A comparison of conflict of interest policies at peer-reviewed journals in different scientific disciplines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientific journals can promote ethical publication practices through policies on conflicts of interest. However, the prevalence\\u000a of conflict of interest policies and the definition of conflict of interest appear to vary across scientific disciplines.\\u000a This survey of high-impact, peer-reviewed journals in 12 different scientific disciplines was conducted to assess these variations.\\u000a The survey identified published conflict of interest policies in

Jessica S. Ancker; Annette Flanagin

2007-01-01

25

An electronic peer-reviewed journal of Earth system science education resources (JESSE)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Journal of Earth System Science Education (JESSE) aims to establish through electronic peer review and publication an orderly collection of resource materials for the broadly defined geoscience and related disciplines involved in Earth system and global change education. JESSE seeks submissions which provide substantive scientific content that challenges and intellectually stimulates educators and students through inquiry across a broad

Martin Ruzek; Donald R. Johnson; Robert Ford; Michael Kalb

2000-01-01

26

Conflict of Interest and Disclosure Policies in Psychiatry and Medicine: A Comparative Study of Peer-Reviewed Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors reviewed and characterized conflict of interest (COI) and disclosure policies published in peer-reviewed psychiatric and nonpsychiatric journals. Methods: The authors examined peer-reviewed publications in the psychiatric (N=20) and nonpsychiatric (N=20) literature. Using qualitative and quantitative approaches, they…

Khurana, Gauri; Henderson, Schuyler; Walter, Garry; Martin, Andres

2012-01-01

27

Challenges in the Selection, Design and Implementation of an Online Submission and Peer Review System for STM Journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two international scientific publishers collaborated to develop an Online Submission and Peer Review System (OSPREY) for their journals. Our goals were to meet market demand, increase editorial efficiency and streamline the transition from peer review to publishing. One of the publishers (National Research Council (NRC) Research Press, Canada) had previously purchased a third-party system that was subsequently discontinued by the

Judy Best; Richard Akerman

2007-01-01

28

Learning effects of thematic peer-review: a qualitative analysis of reflective journals on spiritual care.  

PubMed

This study describes the learning effects of thematic peer-review discussion groups (Hendriksen, 2000. Begeleid intervisie model, Collegiale advisering en probleemoplossing, Nelissen, Baarn.) on developing nursing students' competence in providing spiritual care. It also discusses the factors that might influence the learning process. The method of peer-review is a form of reflective learning based on the theory of experiential learning (Kolb, 1984. Experiential learning, Experience as the source of learning development. Englewoods Cliffs, New Jersey, Prentice Hill). It was part of an educational programme on spiritual care in nursing for third-year undergraduate nursing students from two nursing schools in the Netherlands. Reflective journals (n=203) kept by students throughout the peer-review process were analysed qualitatively The analysis shows that students reflect on spirituality in the context of personal experiences in nursing practice. In addition, they discuss the nursing process and organizational aspects of spiritual care. The results show that the first two phases in the experiential learning cycle appear prominently; these are 'inclusion of actual experience' and 'reflecting on this experience'. The phases of 'abstraction of experience' and 'experimenting with new behaviour' are less evident. We will discuss possible explanations for these findings according to factors related to education, the students and the tutors and make recommendations for follow-up research. PMID:19027200

van Leeuwen, René; Tiesinga, Lucas J; Jochemsen, Henk; Post, Doeke

2009-05-01

29

Views on the peer review system of biomedical journals: an online survey of academics from high-ranking universities  

PubMed Central

Background Peer review is the major method used by biomedical journals for making the decision of publishing an article. This cross-sectional survey assesses views concerning the review system of biomedical journals among academics globally. Methods A total of 28,009 biomedical academics from high-ranking universities listed by the 2009 Times Higher Education Quacquarelli Symonds (THE-QS) World University Rankings were contacted by email between March 2010 and August 2010. 1,340 completed an online survey which focused on their academic background, negative experiences and views on biomedical journal peer review and the results were compared among basic scientists, clinicians and clinician scientists. Results Fewer than half of the respondents agreed that the peer review systems of biomedical journals were fair (48.4%), scientific (47.5%), or transparent (25.1%). Nevertheless, 58.2% of the respondents agreed that authors should remain anonymous and 64.4% agreed that reviewers should not be disclosed. Most, (67.7%) agreed to the establishment of an appeal system. The proportion of native English-speaking respondents who agreed that the “peer review system is fair” was significantly higher than for non-native respondents (p?=?0.02). Similarly, the proportion of clinicians stating that the “peer review system is fair” was significantly higher than that for basic scientists and clinician-scientists (p?=?0.004). For females, (??=??0.1, p?=?0.03), the frequency of encountering personal attacks in reviewers’ comments (??=??0.1, p?=?0.002) and the frequency of imposition of unnecessary references by reviewers (??=??0.06, p?=?0.04) were independently and inversely associated with agreement that “the peer review system is fair”. Conclusion Academics are divided on the issue of whether the biomedical journal peer review system is fair, scientific and transparent. A majority of academics agreed with the double-blind peer review and to the establishment of an appeal system. Female academics, experience of personal attacks and imposition of unnecessary references by reviewers were related to disagreement about fairness of the peer review system of biomedical journals.

2013-01-01

30

Publication Rates of Public Health Theses in International and National Peer-Review Journals in Turkey  

PubMed Central

Background: Thesis is an important part of specialisation and doctorate education and requires intense work. The aim of this study was to investigate the publication rates of Turkish Public Health Doctorate Theses (PHDT) and Public Health Specialization (PHST) theses in international and Turkish national peer-review journals and to analyze the distribution of research areas. Methods: List of all theses upto 30 September 2009 were retrieved from theses database of the Council of Higher Education of the Republic of Turkey. The publication rates of these theses were found by searching PubMed, Science Citation Index-Expanded, Turkish Academic Network and Information Center (ULAKBIM) Turkish Medical Database, and Turkish Medline databases for the names of thesis author and mentor. The theses which were published in journals indexed either in PubMed or SCI-E were considered as international publications. Results: Our search yielded a total of 538 theses (243 PHDT, 295 PHST). It was found that the overall publication rate in Turkish national journals was 18%. The overall publication rate in international journals was 11.9%. Overall the most common research area was occupational health. Conclusion: Publication rates of Turkish PHDT and PHST are low. A better understanding of factors affecting this publication rate is important for public health issues where national data is vital for better intervention programs and develop better public health policies.

Sipahi, H; Durusoy, R; Ergin, I; Hassoy, H; Davas, A; Karababa, AO

2012-01-01

31

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-05-01

32

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-06-01

33

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2013-06-01

34

Journal peer review in context: A qualitative study of the social and subjective dimensions of manuscript review in biomedical publishing.  

PubMed

Peer- and editorial review of research submitted to biomedical journals ('manuscript review') is frequently argued to be essential for ensuring scientific quality and the dissemination of important ideas, but there is also broad agreement that manuscript review is often unsuccessful in achieving its goals. Problems with manuscript review are frequently attributed to the social and subjective dimensions of the process (e.g., bias and conflict of interest). While there have been numerous efforts to improve the process, these have had limited success. This may be because these efforts do not account sufficiently for all of the social and subjective dimensions of the process. We set out, therefore, to characterise the most salient social and subjective dimensions of the manuscript review process, from the perspective of practising reviewers and editors. Open-ended interviews were carried out with 35 journal editors, and peer reviewers in the U.K., U.S.A. and Australia. It emerged from these interviews that reviewers and editors were conscious of a number of social and subjective influences on the review process including: a wide variety of motivations for participation, complex relations of power, epistemic authority and moral responsibility, and unavoidable prejudice and intuition. Importantly, these social and subjective influences were often viewed positively and were seen as expressions of, rather than threats to, editors' and reviewers' epistemic authority and expertise. From this we conclude that the social and subjective dimensions of biomedical manuscript review should be made more explicit, accommodated and even encouraged, not only because these dimensions of human relationships and judgements are unavoidable, but because their explicit presence is likely to enrich, rather than threaten the manuscript review process. We suggest a 'dialectical' model which can simultaneously accommodate, and embrace, all dimensions of the manuscript review process. PMID:21388730

Lipworth, Wendy L; Kerridge, Ian H; Carter, Stacy M; Little, Miles

2011-04-01

35

Peer Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by Laura Guertin, Pennsylvania State University Brandywine "For generations, the academic community has relied on peer review as a way of enhancing the knowledge base and encouraging serious ...

Guertin, Laura

36

Scientific evaluation by peer review  

Microsoft Academic Search

In his essay on peer review in the 18th century scientific journalism, David Abraham Kronick (1) pointed out that „ peer review is an essential and integral part of consensus building and is inherent and necessary to the growth of knowledge”. Editorial peer review, however, was far from being a well established institution back at Mendel’s time (2). It is

Nela Popescu

2007-01-01

37

Systematic review of the effectiveness of training programs in writing for scholarly publication, journal editing, and manuscript peer review (protocol)  

PubMed Central

Background An estimated $100 billion is lost to ‘waste’ in biomedical research globally, annually, much of which comes from the poor quality of published research. One area of waste involves bias in reporting research, which compromises the usability of published reports. In response, there has been an upsurge in interest and research in the scientific process of writing, editing, peer reviewing, and publishing (that is, journalology) of biomedical research. One reason for bias in reporting and the problem of unusable reports could be due to authors lacking knowledge or engaging in questionable practices while designing, conducting, or reporting their research. Another might be that the peer review process for journal publication has serious flaws, including possibly being ineffective, and having poorly trained and poorly motivated reviewers. Similarly, many journal editors have limited knowledge related to publication ethics. This can ultimately have a negative impact on the healthcare system. There have been repeated calls for better, more numerous training opportunities in writing for publication, peer review, and publishing. However, little research has taken stock of journalology training opportunities or evaluations of their effectiveness. Methods We will conduct a systematic review to synthesize studies that evaluate the effectiveness of training programs in journalology. A comprehensive three-phase search approach will be employed to identify evaluations of training opportunities, involving: 1) forward-searching using the Scopus citation database, 2) a search of the MEDLINE In-Process and Non-Indexed Citations, MEDLINE, Embase, ERIC, and PsycINFO databases, as well as the databases of the Cochrane Library, and 3) a grey literature search. Discussion This project aims to provide evidence to help guide the journalological training of authors, peer reviewers, and editors. While there is ample evidence that many members of these groups are not getting the necessary training needed to excel at their respective journalology-related tasks, little is known about the characteristics of existing training opportunities, including their effectiveness. The proposed systematic review will provide evidence regarding the effectiveness of training, therefore giving potential trainees, course designers, and decision-makers evidence to help inform their choices and policies regarding the merits of specific training opportunities or types of training.

2013-01-01

38

The Usefulness of Peer Review for Selecting Manuscripts for Publication: A Utility Analysis Taking as an Example a High-Impact Journal  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundHigh predictive validity – that is, a strong association between the outcome of peer review (usually, reviewers' ratings) and the scientific quality of a manuscript submitted to a journal (measured as citations of the later published paper) – does not as a rule suffice to demonstrate the usefulness of peer review for the selection of manuscripts. To assess usefulness, it

Lutz Bornmann; Hans-Dieter Daniel; Joel M. Schnur

2010-01-01

39

Are Peer Reviewers Encouraged to Use Reporting Guidelines? A Survey of 116 Health Research Journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundPre-publication peer review of manuscripts should enhance the value of research publications to readers who may wish to utilize findings in clinical care or health policy-making. Much published research across all medical specialties is not useful, may be misleading, wasteful and even harmful. Reporting guidelines are tools that in addition to helping authors prepare better manuscripts may help peer reviewers

Allison Hirst; Douglas G. Altman

2012-01-01

40

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2013-06-01

41

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-06-01

42

[Peer review].  

PubMed

The submission of papers or abstracts in the framework of a call for papers represents the two main ways of showcasing scientific work. In both cases these proposals are subject to a peer review. With researchers facing increasing assessment of their activity, it is important to understand this assessment process and the controversy which it arouses. PMID:24558686

Regnaux, Jean-Philippe

2013-12-01

43

Licensing the future: report on BioMed Central's public consultation on open data in peer-reviewed journals.  

PubMed

We report the outcomes of BioMed Central's public consultation on implementing open data-compliant licensing in peer-reviewed open access journals. Respondents (42) to the 2012 consultation were six to one in favor (29 in support; 5 against; 8 abstentions) of changing our authors' default open access copyright license agreement, to introduce the Creative Commons CC0 public domain waiver for data published in BioMed Central's journals. We summarize the different questions we received in response to the consultation and our responses to them - matters such as citation, plagiarism, patient privacy, and commercial use were raised. In light of the support for open data in our journals we outline our plans to implement, in September 2013, a combined Creative Commons Attribution license for published articles (papers) and Creative Commons CC0 waiver for published data. PMID:23962139

Hrynaszkiewicz, Iain; Busch, Stefan; Cockerill, Matthew J

2013-01-01

44

Licensing the future: report on BioMed Central's public consultation on open data in peer-reviewed journals  

PubMed Central

We report the outcomes of BioMed Central’s public consultation on implementing open data-compliant licensing in peer-reviewed open access journals. Respondents (42) to the 2012 consultation were six to one in favor (29 in support; 5 against; 8 abstentions) of changing our authors’ default open access copyright license agreement, to introduce the Creative Commons CC0 public domain waiver for data published in BioMed Central’s journals. We summarize the different questions we received in response to the consultation and our responses to them – matters such as citation, plagiarism, patient privacy, and commercial use were raised. In light of the support for open data in our journals we outline our plans to implement, in September 2013, a combined Creative Commons Attribution license for published articles (papers) and Creative Commons CC0 waiver for published data.

2013-01-01

45

The Neuroscience Peer Review Consortium.  

PubMed

As the Neuroscience Peer Review Consortium (NPRC) ends its first year, it is worth looking back to see how the experiment has worked. In order to encourage dissemination of the details outlined in this Editorial, it will also be published in other journals in the Neuroscience Peer Review Consortium. PMID:19284614

Saper, Clifford B; Maunsell, John H R

2009-01-01

46

THE ART AND POLITICS OF PEER REVIEW  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer reviewed manuscripts contain a certain level of merit, as they have survived the scrutiny of reviewers who possess some expertise in the relevant area. This article discusses the purpose of reviewing manuscripts for publication in scholarly journals. Various aspects and issues of the peer review process are described, including reviewer responsibilities. Criticisms and concerns associated with the current peer

Jay W. Rojewski; Desirae M. Domenico

47

Calibrated Peer Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What is Calibrated Peer ReviewTM? Calibrated Peer ReviewTM (CPR) (more info) is a web-based writing and peer review tool free to instructors and their classes. Students write short essays on a given topic following ...

48

Do peer-reviewed journal papers result from meeting abstracts of the Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer-reviewed publication is at the core of scientific communication. However, with the exception of biomedicine, there has\\u000a been little analysis of the rate of peer-reviewed publication resulting from conference abstracts. This study examined a random\\u000a sample of abstracts from the 1989 and 1991 Biennial Conferences on the Biology of Marine Mammals to determine how many were\\u000a published as peer-reviewed papers.

James E Bird; Mary D Bird

1999-01-01

49

Thinking Collaboratively about the Peer-Review Process for Journal-Article Publication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this conversation, Kevin K. Kumashiro shares his reflections on challenges to publishing anti-oppressive research in educational journals. He then invites eight current and former editors of leading educational research journals--William F. Pinar, Elizabeth Graue, Carl A. Grant, Maenette K. P. Benham, Ronald H. Heck, James Joseph Scheurich,…

Kumashiro, Kevin K.

2005-01-01

50

A Reliability-Generalization Study of Journal Peer Reviews: A Multilevel Meta-Analysis of Inter-Rater Reliability and Its Determinants  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundThis paper presents the first meta-analysis for the inter-rater reliability (IRR) of journal peer reviews. IRR is defined as the extent to which two or more independent reviews of the same scientific document agree.Methodology\\/Principal FindingsAltogether, 70 reliability coefficients (Cohen's Kappa, intra-class correlation [ICC], and Pearson product-moment correlation [r]) from 48 studies were taken into account in the meta-analysis. The studies

Lutz Bornmann; Rüdiger Mutz; Hans-Dieter Daniel; Simon Rogers

2010-01-01

51

Evaluative Language in Peer Review Referee Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most international journals and conferences currently use the peer review system to ensure the quality of their contributions. Among the various types of peer review, the "blind" and the "anonymous" review seem to be the most common. Reviewers, or referees, usually write reports anonymously to indicate to authors what they should change in their…

Fortanet, Inmaculada

2008-01-01

52

The neuroscience peer review consortium.  

PubMed

The Neuroscience Peer Review Consortium (NPRC) was conceived in the summer of 2007 at a meeting of editors and publishers of neuroscience journals. One of the working groups addressed whether it was possible to construct a system for permitting authors whose manuscript received supportive reviews at one journal but was not accepted to send a revised manuscript together with its first round of reviews to a new journal for the second round. This would speed up the review process and reduce the work for reviewers and editors. The working group not only designed a framework for transferring reviews among journals, but also implemented it as the NPRC. By the fall of 2007, more than a dozen major journals had signed onto the NPRC, sufficient to launch the experiment in January, 2008. We invite authors who have not yet used the NPRC to try this method for appropriate manuscripts.In order to encourage dissemination of the details outlined in this Editorial, it will also be published in other journals in the Neuroscience Peer Review Consortium. PMID:19149887

Saper, Clifford B; Maunsell, John Hr; Sagvolden, Terje

2009-01-01

53

Electronic Scientific Information, Open Access, and Editorial Peer Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews some of the many changes to publishing resulting from the electronic environment and focuses on how open access may impact or alter the editorial peer review process. Developments of particular importance to editorial peer review include the impact of electronic journals (e-journals) on scholarly publishing in general, pre-print repositories, open access journals, and access to unpublished data.

Ann C. Weller

2005-01-01

54

Climate change, conservation and management: an assessment of the peer-reviewed scientific journal literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent reviews of the conservation literature indicate that significant biases exist in the published literature regarding\\u000a the regions, ecosystems and species that have been examined by researchers. Despite the global threat of climatic change,\\u000a similar biases may be occurring within the sub-discipline of climate-change ecology. Here we hope to foster critical thought\\u000a and discussion by considering the directions taken by

Adam Felton; Joern Fischer; David B. Lindenmayer; Rebecca Montague-Drake; Arianne R. Lowe; Debbie Saunders; Annika M. Felton; Will Steffen; Nicola T. Munro; Kara Youngentob; Jake Gillen; Phil Gibbons; Judsen E. Bruzgul; Ioan Fazey; Suzi J. Bond; Carole P. Elliott; Ben C. T. Macdonald; Luciana L. Porfirio; Martin Westgate; Martin Worthy

2009-01-01

55

Impartial Judgment by the “Gatekeepers” of Science: Fallibility and Accountability in the Peer Review Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

High publication demands and the low acceptance rate of peer review journals place the journal editors and their reviewers in a powerful position. Journal reviewers have a vital role not only in influencing the journal editor's publication decisions, but also in the very nature and direction of scientific research. Because of their influence in peer review outcomes, journal reviewers are

Mohammadreza Hojat; Joseph S. Gonnella; Addeane S. Caelleigh

2003-01-01

56

Ethics of Peer Review: A Guide for Manuscript Reviewers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The peer review of scientific manuscripts is a cornerstone of modern science and medicine. Peer reviewed journals rely on expert and objective review by knowledgeable researchers to ensure the quality of the papers they publish. Moreover, the recommendations the reviewers make concerning publication and the advice they give to authors set the scientific standards of the discipline. In addition, their

Sara Rockwell

57

Peer Review Undergoing Revitalization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Established in the 142,000-student Montgomery County, Maryland, district in 1999, peer assistance and review (PAR)--or "peer review," as it is occasionally called--is actually an old idea. In 1981, the then-president of the Toledo Federation of Teachers, Dal Lawrence, helped create the first PAR program. Almost 30 years later, only a handful of…

Sawchuk, Stephen

2009-01-01

58

Calibrated Peer Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site presents a paper-writing and peer review tool that is available free to educators and students. Calibrated Peer Review is a Web-based program that enables frequent writing assignments even in large classes with limited instructional resources. The program is discipline and level independent.

Review, Calibrated P.; Angeles, University O.

59

Cooperation between Referees and Authors Increases Peer Review Accuracy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review is fundamentally a cooperative process between scientists in a community who agree to review each other's work in an unbiased fashion. Peer review is the foundation for decisions concerning publication in journals, awarding of grants, and academic promotion. Here we perform a laboratory study of open and closed peer review based on an online game. We show that

Jeffrey T. Leek; Margaret A. Taub; Fernando J. Pineda

2011-01-01

60

The distribution of forensic journals, reflections on authorship practices, peer-review and role of the impact factor  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents information about journals specializing in the forensic sciences and legal medicine, their development and distribution and their current status as reflected in the journal impact factor. The first scientific journal devoted to spreading information and reporting new developments in social and legal medicine seemingly originated in Germany about 150 years ago. The official journal of the American

Alan Wayne Jones

2007-01-01

61

Open by default: a proposed copyright license and waiver agreement for open access research and data in peer-reviewed journals.  

PubMed

Copyright and licensing of scientific data, internationally, are complex and present legal barriers to data sharing, integration and reuse, and therefore restrict the most efficient transfer and discovery of scientific knowledge. Much data are included within scientific journal articles, their published tables, additional files (supplementary material) and reference lists. However, these data are usually published under licenses which are not appropriate for data. Creative Commons CC0 is an appropriate and increasingly accepted method for dedicating data to the public domain, to enable data reuse with the minimum of restrictions. BioMed Central is committed to working towards implementation of open data-compliant licensing in its publications. Here we detail a protocol for implementing a combined Creative Commons Attribution license (for copyrightable material) and Creative Commons CC0 waiver (for data) agreement for content published in peer-reviewed open access journals. We explain the differences between legal requirements for attribution in copyright, and cultural requirements in scholarship for giving individuals credit for their work through citation. We argue that publishing data in scientific journals under CC0 will have numerous benefits for individuals and society, and yet will have minimal implications for authors and minimal impact on current publishing and research workflows. We provide practical examples and definitions of data types, such as XML and tabular data, and specific secondary use cases for published data, including text mining, reproducible research, and open bibliography. We believe this proposed change to the current copyright and licensing structure in science publishing will help clarify what users - people and machines - of the published literature can do, legally, with journal articles and make research using the published literature more efficient. We further believe this model could be adopted across multiple publishers, and invite comment on this article from all stakeholders in scientific research. PMID:22958225

Hrynaszkiewicz, Iain; Cockerill, Matthew J

2012-01-01

62

Open by default: a proposed copyright license and waiver agreement for open access research and data in peer-reviewed journals  

PubMed Central

Copyright and licensing of scientific data, internationally, are complex and present legal barriers to data sharing, integration and reuse, and therefore restrict the most efficient transfer and discovery of scientific knowledge. Much data are included within scientific journal articles, their published tables, additional files (supplementary material) and reference lists. However, these data are usually published under licenses which are not appropriate for data. Creative Commons CC0 is an appropriate and increasingly accepted method for dedicating data to the public domain, to enable data reuse with the minimum of restrictions. BioMed Central is committed to working towards implementation of open data-compliant licensing in its publications. Here we detail a protocol for implementing a combined Creative Commons Attribution license (for copyrightable material) and Creative Commons CC0 waiver (for data) agreement for content published in peer-reviewed open access journals. We explain the differences between legal requirements for attribution in copyright, and cultural requirements in scholarship for giving individuals credit for their work through citation. We argue that publishing data in scientific journals under CC0 will have numerous benefits for individuals and society, and yet will have minimal implications for authors and minimal impact on current publishing and research workflows. We provide practical examples and definitions of data types, such as XML and tabular data, and specific secondary use cases for published data, including text mining, reproducible research, and open bibliography. We believe this proposed change to the current copyright and licensing structure in science publishing will help clarify what users – people and machines – of the published literature can do, legally, with journal articles and make research using the published literature more efficient. We further believe this model could be adopted across multiple publishers, and invite comment on this article from all stakeholders in scientific research.

2012-01-01

63

MELCOR Peer Review  

SciTech Connect

MELCOR is a fully integrated, engineering-level computer code that models the progression of severe accidents in light water reactor nuclear power plants. The newest version of MELCOR is Version 1.8.1, July 1991. MELCOR development has reached the point that the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission sponsored a broad technical review by recognized experts to determine or confirm the technical adequacy of the code for the serious and complex analyses it is expected to perform. For this purpose, an eight-member MELCOR Peer Review Committee was organized. The Committee has completed its review of the MELCOR code: the review process and findings of the MELCOR Peer Review Committee are documented in this report. The Committee has determined that recommendations in five areas are appropriate: (1) MELCOR numerics, (2) models missing from MELCOR Version 1.8.1, (3) existing MELCOR models needing revision, (4) the need for expanded MELCOR assessment, and (5) documentation.

Boyack, B.E. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Dhir, V.K. [Santa Monica, CA. (United States); Gieseke, J.A. [Battelle, Columbus, OH (United States); Haste, T.J. [AEA Technology, Winfrith (United Kingdom); Kenton, M.A. [Gabor, Kenton and Associates, Inc., Westmont, IL (United States); Khatib-Rahbar, M. [Energy Research, Inc., Rockville, MD (United States); Leonard, M.T. [Science Applications International Corp., Wolfheze (Netherlands); Viskanta, R. [Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN (United States). Heat Transfer Lab.

1992-03-01

64

Approaching Authentic Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some scholars writing about improving students' reading and integrating reading and writing instruction suggest using think-aloud techniques to teach students reading comprehension skills. Using think-alouds to teach reading comprehension and then the read-aloud protocol technique (which is based on think-alouds) for peer review has two major…

Graff, Nelson

2009-01-01

65

Methodologies of Peer and Editorial Review: Changing Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors--drawing on their varied experiences as authors and publishers of a journal and several book series--provide a historical review and consideration of peer review in publishing. They find that scholarly peer review, from the question of signed reviews to the practices of digital publications, is in the midst of change, but that at the…

Selfe, Cynthia; Hawisher, Gail

2012-01-01

66

Student peer review decisions on submitted manuscripts are as stringent as faculty peer reviewers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Journal of Exercise Science is the only student-centered peer-reviewed journal in its field. Upon graduate student first author submissions, two student reviewers and one faculty reviewer are asked to review. On professionally submitted papers, two faculty peers are asked to assess the manuscript. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether graduate students returned similar decisions compared with faculty reviewers who evaluated the same manuscript. In addition, decisions of faculty peers reviewing graduate student- versus faculty-submitted manuscripts were compared. Mean comparisons between groups were evaluated using independent t-tests with significance at P ? 0.05. Graduate students (2.21 ñ 0.69) and faculty peers (2.24 ñ 0.66) returned similar decisions on student-submitted manuscripts (P = 0.84). Faculty decisions on manuscripts submitted by a professional primary author (1.86 ñ 0.77) were not different compared with faculty peers reviewing student manuscripts (P = 0.06). Statistics revealed that graduate students are just as stringent in the peer review process as established reviewers. Additionally, faculty reviewers evaluated manuscripts equally regardless of submission type.

2010-10-01

67

Should Biomedical Publishing Be “Opened Up”? Toward a Values-Based Peer-Review Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review of manuscripts for biomedical journals has become a subject of intense ethical debate. One of the most contentious\\u000a issues is whether or not peer review should be anonymous. This study aimed to generate a rich, empirically-grounded understanding\\u000a of the values held by journal editors and peer reviewers with a view to informing journal policy. Qualitative methods were\\u000a used

Wendy Lipworth; Ian H. Kerridge; Stacy M. Carter; Miles Little

68

Who Is Writing? Author Affiliation across Peer-Reviewed Journals of Emotional or Behavioral Disorders, 2000-2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of practitioner participation in identifying and maintaining use of best educational practice is well established; however, little is known about the ways in which practitioners contribute to the development and dissemination of those practices within the field of emotional or behavioral disorders (EBD). This review examines…

Schoenfeld, Naomi A.; Janney, Donna M.; Rekart, Jerome L.

2013-01-01

69

Procedures for peer review assessments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Office of Program Analysis (OPA) conducts peer review assessments of Department of Energy (DOE) research and development. The reviews are performed by examining individual projects which comprise a program and by assessing the quality of the research,...

1993-01-01

70

Procedures for Peer Review Assessments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Office of Program Analysis (OPA) conducts peer reviews of DOE research and development programs. The reviews are performed by examining individual projects which comprise the programs and assess the quality of the research, quality of the research tem...

1988-01-01

71

Using a dialectical scientific brief in peer review  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a framework that editors, peer reviewers, and authors can use to identify and resolve efficiently disputes\\u000a that arise during peer review in scientific journals. The framework is called a scientific dialectical brief. In this framework,\\u000a differences among authors and reviewers are formatted into specific assertions and the support each party provides for its\\u000a position. A literature review

Arthur Stamps

1997-01-01

72

The purpose of peer review in the case of an open-access publication  

Microsoft Academic Search

First scientific journals were simply a way of informing colleagues about new research findings. In due course, they started filtering out unreasonable claims, and introduced a peer-review system. The purpose of peer reviewing changed with time. Since the middle of the past century, commercial publishers have owned a large number of scientific journals and as a result, the marketable value

Georgii A Alexandrov

2006-01-01

73

EXPERIENCES WITH PEER-REVIEW EVALUATION IN COMPUTER SCIENCE COURSES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer-review is commonly associated with the publication of research results in international conference proceedings and journals. Variations on peer-review are also a fairly well-established means of evaluation in humanitarian and arts oriented educational programs where there is a stronger emphasis on written assignments and socio-cultural learning than is the case in typical engineering programmes loyal to the behaviouristic teaching model.

Burgess Mark; Frode Eika Sandnes

74

Shared Journaling as Peer Support in Teaching Qualitative Research Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching qualitative research methods (QRM), particularly early on in one's academic career, can be challenging. This paper describes shared peer journaling as one way in which to cope with challenges such as complex debates in the field and student resistance to interpretive paradigms. Literature on teaching QRM and the pedagogical value of…

Humble, Aine M.; Sharp, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

75

The Dedisciplining of Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The demand for greater public accountability is changing the nature of ex ante peer review at public science agencies worldwide. Based on a four year research project, this essay examines these changes through an analysis of the process of grant proposal review at two US public science agencies, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the…

Frodeman, Robert; Briggle, Adam

2012-01-01

76

Peer review under review: room for improvement?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The peer review process is a central part of medicine and has become a touchstone of modern evaluation of scientific quality.\\u000a Although generally considered essential to academic quality, peer review has been increasingly criticised as ineffective,\\u000a slow, and misunderstood. A frequent claim is that the process is insufficiently objective and that it is inconsistent in its\\u000a capacity to assess manuscript

E. E. van der Wall

2009-01-01

77

Peer Reviewers Learn from Giving Comments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on peer reviewing has revealed that comments received from peer reviewers are helpful when it comes to making revisions in an individual's writing, but the role of providing comments to peer writers has been little explored despite the potential value of such research. In this study, we explored how student reviewers learn by reviewing

Cho, Young Hoan; Cho, Kwangsu

2011-01-01

78

Peer reviewers learn from giving comments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on peer reviewing has revealed that comments received from peer reviewers are helpful when it comes to making revisions\\u000a in an individual’s writing, but the role of providing comments to peer writers has been little explored despite the potential\\u000a value of such research. In this study, we explored how student reviewers learn by reviewing peer drafts in the context

Young Hoan ChoKwangsu Cho; Kwangsu Cho

2011-01-01

79

How to review journal manuscripts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reviewing manuscripts is central to editorial peer review, which arose in the early 1900s in response to the editor's need for expert advice to help select quality articles from numerous submissions. Most reviewers learn by trial and error, often giving up along the way because the process is far from intuitive. This primer will help minimize errors and maximize enjoyment

Richard M. Rosenfeld

2010-01-01

80

Graphite criteria peer review  

SciTech Connect

This report documents a review of the stress criteria proposed for the graphite components of the modular high temperature gas-cooled reactor (MHTGR) core. The review was conducted by a panel of six independent consultants, chosen for their expertise over a range of relevant disciplines.

NONE

1986-09-01

81

Peer Review Process  

Cancer.gov

Upon receipt, competing applications will be reviewed both by the Center for Scientific Review (CSR) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) for completeness and for conformance to all eligibility requirements and special provisions and requirements. Incomplete applications will be returned to the applicant without further consideration.

82

Planning for Peer Review of Teaching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Peer review of teaching can help departments improve their treatment of teaching as disciplinary scholarship. Peer review encourages collegial discussion about teaching and creates a framework for thorough evaluation of teaching. The authors of this article reviewed literature that describes the benefits of peer review, and that which describes steps for implementing departmental peer review programs. The benefits of a well-designed, well-implemented system of peer review include improved teaching, elevated morale and productivity, and closer working relationships in a department. Steps to creating an effective, beneficial peer review program include describing the goals of the program, describing good teaching in a department, crafting clear and equitable review procedures, training reviewers, finding opportunities for teachers to learn new instructional techniques, and rewarding participation. Communication, trust, and integrity are key ingredients of successful peer review of teaching.

Mundy, Victoria

1999-01-01

83

Journalism and Institutional Review Boards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author opposes any Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) overseeing the work of journalism professors and journalism students in any academic institution. He argues that the tendency for IRBs to require anonymity for persons interviewed immediately reduces the credibility of any journalistic story. The composition of an IRB is questioned on…

Dash, Leon

2007-01-01

84

Timely deposition of macromolecular structures is necessary for peer review  

PubMed Central

Most of the macromolecular structures in the Protein Data Bank (PDB), which are used daily by thousands of educators and scientists alike, are determined by X-ray crystallography. It was examined whether the crystallographic models and data were deposited to the PDB at the same time as the publications that describe them were submitted for peer review. This condition is necessary to ensure pre-publication validation and the quality of the PDB public archive. It was found that a significant proportion of PDB entries were submitted to the PDB after peer review of the corresponding publication started, and many were only submitted after peer review had ended. It is argued that clear description of journal policies and effective policing is important for pre-publication validation, which is key in ensuring the quality of the PDB and of peer-reviewed literature.

Joosten, Robbie P.; Soueidan, Hayssam; Wessels, Lodewyk F. A.; Perrakis, Anastassis

2013-01-01

85

Timely deposition of macromolecular structures is necessary for peer review.  

PubMed

Most of the macromolecular structures in the Protein Data Bank (PDB), which are used daily by thousands of educators and scientists alike, are determined by X-ray crystallography. It was examined whether the crystallographic models and data were deposited to the PDB at the same time as the publications that describe them were submitted for peer review. This condition is necessary to ensure pre-publication validation and the quality of the PDB public archive. It was found that a significant proportion of PDB entries were submitted to the PDB after peer review of the corresponding publication started, and many were only submitted after peer review had ended. It is argued that clear description of journal policies and effective policing is important for pre-publication validation, which is key in ensuring the quality of the PDB and of peer-reviewed literature. PMID:24311569

Joosten, Robbie P; Soueidan, Hayssam; Wessels, Lodewyk F A; Perrakis, Anastassis

2013-12-01

86

The Examination of Peer Review and Publication in Neurology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite remarkable growth in the clinical neurology literature, there is little research on peer review and biomedical publication in neurology. Biomedical publication research encompasses every step of the research process, from the methodology to the publication of research findings. Some general medical journals have served as leaders in improving scientific publication. Many medical fields have taken it upon themselves to

Victoria S. S. Wong

2010-01-01

87

MELCOR Peer Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

MELCOR is a fully integrated, engineering-level computer code that models the progression of severe accidents in light water reactor nuclear power plants. The newest version of MELCOR is Version 1.8.1, July 1991. MELCOR development has reached the point that the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission sponsored a broad technical review by recognized experts to determine or confirm the technical adequacy

B. E. Boyack; V. K. Dhir; J. A. Gieseke; T. J. Haste; M. A. Kenton; M. Khatib-Rahbar; M. T. Leonard; R. Viskanta

1992-01-01

88

Peer Review of Launch Environments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Catastrophic failures of launch vehicles during launch and ascent are currently modeled using equivalent trinitrotoluene (TNT) estimates. This approach tends to over-predict the blast effect with subsequent impact to launch vehicle and crew escape requirements. Bangham Engineering, located in Huntsville, Alabama, assembled a less-conservative model based on historical failure and test data coupled with physical models and estimates. This white paper summarizes NESC's peer review of the Bangham analytical work completed to date.

Wilson, Timmy R.

2011-01-01

89

Using Online Peer Dialogue Journaling to Promote Reflection in Elementary Preservice Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case study investigates the effectiveness of online peer dialogue journaling. The authors developed this learning strategy for elementary preservice teachers to reflect on their tutoring experiences and to provide support to their journal partners using an Internet discussion forum. The participants were asked to fill in two questionnaires, before and after they participated in writing online peer dialogue journals.

Jiening Ruan; Sara Ann Beach

2005-01-01

90

Towards an effective data peer review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Peer review is an established procedure to ensure the quality of scientific publications and is currently used as a prerequisite for acceptance of papers in the scientific community. In the past years the publication of raw data and its metadata got increased attention, which led to the idea of bringing it to the same standards the journals for traditional publications have. One missing element to achieve this is a comparable peer review scheme. This contribution introduces the idea of a quality evaluation process, which is designed to analyse the technical quality as well as the content of a dataset. It bases on quality tests, which results are evaluated with the help of the knowledge of an expert. The results of the tests and the expert knowledge are evaluated probabilistically and are statistically combined. As a result the quality of a dataset is estimated with a single value only. This approach allows the reviewer to quickly identify the potential weaknesses of a dataset and generate a transparent and comprehensible report. To demonstrate the scheme, an application on a large meteorological dataset will be shown. Furthermore, potentials and risks of such a scheme will be introduced and practical implications for its possible introduction to data centres investigated. Especially, the effects of reducing the estimate of quality of a dataset to a single number will be critically discussed.

Düsterhus, André; Hense, Andreas

2014-05-01

91

Maintaining Live Discussion in Two-Stage Open Peer Review  

PubMed Central

Open peer review has been proposed for a number of reasons, in particular, for increasing the transparency of the article selection process for a journal, and for obtaining a broader basis for feedback to the authors and for the acceptance decision. The review discussion may also in itself have a value for the research community. These goals rely on the existence of a lively review discussion, but several experiments with open-process peer review in recent years have encountered the problem of faltering review discussions. The present article addresses the question of how lively review discussion may be fostered by relating the experience of the journal Electronic Transactions on Artificial Intelligence (ETAI) which was an early experiment with open peer review. Factors influencing the discussion activity are identified. It is observed that it is more difficult to obtain lively discussion when the number of contributed articles increases, which implies difficulties for scaling up the open peer review model. Suggestions are made for how this difficulty may be overcome.

Sandewall, Erik

2011-01-01

92

PCL-R Psychopathy: Threats to Sue, Peer Review, and Potential Implications for Science and Law. A Commentary  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disputes among academicians are not uncommon. They are usually played out in peer review journals in the form of point-and-counterpoint articles, or rebuttals and rejoinders. Recently however, a threat of litigation was issued against the authors of an article and the editor of the scientific journal which had accepted that article for publication following peer review. In this commentary we

Norman Poythress; John P. Petrila

2010-01-01

93

Sealed source peer review plan  

SciTech Connect

Sealed sources are known quantities of radioactive materials that have been encapsulated in quantities that produce known radiation fields. Sealed sources have multiple uses ranging from instrument calibration sources to sources that produce radiation fields for experimental applications. The Off-Site Source Recovery (OSR) Project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), created in 1999, under the direction of the Waste Management Division of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Albuquerque has been assigned the responsibility to recover and manage excess and unwanted radioactive sealed sources from the public and private sector. LANL intends to ship drums containing qualified sealed sources to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) for disposal. Prior to shipping, these drums must be characterized with respect to radiological content and other parameters. The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires that ten radionulcides be quantified and reported for every container of waste to be disposed in the WIPP. The methods traditionally approved by the EPA include non-destructive assay (NDA) in accordance with Appendix A of the Contact-Handled Transuranic Waste Acceptance Criteria for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (DOE, 2002) (CH WAC). However, because of the nature and pedigree of historical records for sealed sources and the technical infeasibility of performing NDA on these sources, LANL proposes to characterize the content of these waste drums using qualified existing radiological data in lieu of direct measurement. This plan describes the process and documentation requirements for the use of the peer review process to qualify existing data for sealed radiological sources in lieu of perfonning radioassay. The peer review process will be performed in accordance with criteria provided in 40 CFR {section} 194.22 which specifies the use of the NUREG 1297 guidelines. The plan defines the management approach, resources, schedule, and technical requirements for the subject peer review.

Feldman, Alexander [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Leonard, Lee [RETIRED; Burns, Ron [CONTRACTOR

2009-01-01

94

The Use of Double Anonymity in Peer Review: A Decision Whose Time Has Come?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The process of peer review for submissions to scientific journals is a well-established and widely used procedure. However, there may still be room for improvement in the procedural aspects of peer review. Advantages and disadvantages of the current system, against the introduction of systems using either no anonymity, or double anonymity, are assessed. Recommendations to improve the robustness and fairness

Richard J. C. Brown

2005-01-01

95

Peer review for the evaluation of the academic research: the Italian experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review, that is the evaluation process based on judgments formulated by independent experts, is generally used for different goals: the allocation of research funding, the review of the research results submitted for publication in scientific journals, and the assessment of the quality of research conducted by Universities and university-related Institutes. The paper deals with the latter type of peer

Reale Emanuela; Barbara Anna; Costantini Antonio

2006-01-01

96

Writing to Learn: An Evaluation of the Calibrated Peer Review Program in Two Neuroscience Courses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This journal article describes the use of Calibrated Peer Review (CPR), a free, web-based writing and peer review program designed to alleviate instructor workload, in two undergraduate neuroscience courses: an upper-level sensation and perception course (41 students, three assignments) and an introductory neuroscience course (50 students; two assignments).

J. Roxanne Prichard (Bates College;)

2005-10-16

97

In Defense of Regulatory Peer Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Largely overlooked, but pertinent to the question of what role peer review could play, is the potential that agencies might misuse perfectly credible science, or so-called “good science,” by overstating the extent to which it supports their policy and regulatory decisions. No study has ever demonstrated whether use of regulatory peer review would have detected other instances, like the Klamath,

J. B. Ruhl; James Salzman

2006-01-01

98

7 CFR 3415.11 - Composition of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Composition of peer review groups. 3415.11...AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications...3415.11 Composition of peer review groups. (a)...

2010-01-01

99

7 CFR 3415.11 - Composition of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Composition of peer review groups. 3415.11...AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications...3415.11 Composition of peer review groups. (a)...

2009-01-01

100

Cost and Citation Data for 5399 Scientific Journal in Connection with Journal Price-Setting, Copyright Laws and the Use of Bibliometric Data for Project Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bibliotheconomic (cost) and bibliometric (citation) data have been coupled for 5399 journals in the Journal Citation Reports (Science Citation Index) of 1990, after rearranging and averaging them for 12 major and classical scientific disciplines. Trends are discussed in connection with peer review of scientific projects using impact data, with anomalous price-settings for journals and with effects of copyright laws on

G. Van Hooydonk

1996-01-01

101

Is It Time to Standardize Ethics Guiding the Peer Review Process?  

Microsoft Academic Search

While most scientific journals have well defined ethics requirements for authors, very few journals explicitly specify the\\u000a ethics standards that govern the actions of editors, editorial board members, and reviewers. We believe it is time to create\\u000a a standardized policy for all medical and scientific journals that guides the ethical conduct of all stakeholders in the peer\\u000a review process.

Francesca Bosetti; Christopher D. Toscano

2008-01-01

102

Evaluacion entre colegas profesores (Peer Review of Teachers). ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest in Spanish examines peer review, focusing on how these types of reviews can improve teacher competence. Peer review is often linked to peer assistance, which helps new and veteran teachers improve their knowledge and skills. In peer-review programs, consulting teachers conduct formal evaluations and recommend whether the participating…

Hertling, Elizabeth

103

Writing a narrative biomedical review: considerations for authors, peer reviewers, and editors.  

PubMed

Review articles comprehensively covering a specific topic are crucial for successful research and academic projects. Most editors consider review articles for special and regular issues of journals. Writing a review requires deep knowledge and understanding of a field. The aim of this review is to analyze the main steps in writing a narrative biomedical review and to consider points that may increase the chances of success. We performed a comprehensive search through MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, and Web of Science using the following keywords: review of the literature, narrative review, title, abstract, authorship, ethics, peer review, research methods, medical writing, scientific writing, and writing standards. Opinions expressed in the review are also based on personal experience as authors, peer reviewers, and editors. PMID:21800117

Gasparyan, Armen Yuri; Ayvazyan, Lilit; Blackmore, Heather; Kitas, George D

2011-11-01

104

Negotiation on the Assessment of Research Articles with Academic Reviewers: Application of Peer-Review Approach of Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides an insight into the dominant negotiation processes that occur between the authors of research articles and academic reviewers at the peer reviewing stage. Data of reviewers comments and authors responses on 32 science and engineering based journal articles covering four decision categories (accept as is, accept with minor…

Kumar, Prashant; Rafiq, Imran; Imam, Boulent

2011-01-01

105

The effects of peer review and evidence quality on judge evaluations of psychological science: Are judges effective gatekeepers?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientifically trained and untrained judges read descriptions of an expert's research in which the peer review status and internal validity were manipulated. Seventeen percent of the judges said they would admit the expert evidence, irrespective of its internal validity. Publication in a peer-reviewed journal also had no effect on judges' decisions. Training interacted with the internal validity manipulation. Scientif- ically

Margaret Bull Kovera; Bradley D. McAuliff

2000-01-01

106

Physical Review: a family of journals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The expansion of research in physics in the last 100 years has been reflected in the expansion of the Physical Review(PR). Reviews of Modern Physics was the first ``new'' journal, starting in 1929. Physical Review Letters commenced in 1958, and was the first ``letters'' type of journal for important new results in all fields. By 1970 the Physical Review itself had grown so large that it was necessary to separate it by field into manageable volumes: PRA, PRB, PRC and PRD, and subsequently PRE, which was split off from PRA. More recently, two Special Topics journals for accelerator physics and physics education were pioneers of the open access business model, and the newest member of the family, Physical Review X, continues this trend. PRX is broad scope and very selective, setting it well above many of the new open access journals with a review standard of ``not incorrect.'' Some possible future directions for the Physical Review journals will be discussed.

Sprouse, Gene

2013-03-01

107

Citation of non-English peer review publications - some Chinese examples  

PubMed Central

Articles published in English language journals with citations of non-English peer reviewed materials are not very common today. However, as epidemiologists are becoming more aware of data and information being readily available and accessible in the non-English literature, the question of whether non-English materials can be cited in English language journals and if so, how should they be cited, has become an increasingly important issue. Bringing together personal insights from the author's familiarity with both the English and Chinese language epidemiological literature and results from a survey on the use of citations of non-English peer reviewed materials across a sample of epidemiology and public health journals, this commentary discusses the different ways authors cite non-English articles in different English language journals and the different methods used by journals to handle non-Latin scripts (e.g. transliteration). This commentary will be useful to both epidemiologists and editors alike.

Fung, Isaac CH

2008-01-01

108

Nurse Participation in Medical Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Utah Professional Review Organization (UPRO) enables nurse-coordinators to conduct an ongoing evaluation of the quality of patient care, to upgrade care through physician-sponsored continuing education programs, and to limit care cost, in a medical peer review program. (DS)

Orme, June Y.; Lindbeck, Rosemary S.

1974-01-01

109

Peer assessment of journal quality in clinical neurology  

PubMed Central

Objective: To explore journal quality as perceived by clinicians and researchers in clinical neurology. Methods: A survey was conducted from August 2003 to January 2004. Ratings for 41 selected clinical neurology journals were obtained from 254 members of the World Federation of Neurology (1,500 solicited; response rate 17%). Participants provided demographic information and rated each journal on a 5-point Likert scale. Average ratings for all journals were compared with the ISI's journal impact factors. Ratings for each journal were also compared across geographic regions and respondent publication productivity. Results: The top 5 journals were rated much more highly than the others, with mean ratings greater than 4. Mean journal ratings were highly correlated with journal impact factors (r = 0.67). Most of the top 10 journal ratings were consistent across the subgroups of geographic regions and journal paper productivity. However, significant differences among the different geographical regions and respondent productivity groups were also found for a few journals. Conclusions: The results provide valuable insight on how neurological experts perceive journals in clinical neurology. These results will likely aid researchers and clinicians in identifying potentially desirable research outlets and indicate journal status for editors. Likewise, biomedical librarians may use these results for serials collection development.

Yue, Weiping; Wilson, Concepcion S.; Boller, Francois

2007-01-01

110

Rethinking Feedback Practices in Higher Education: A Peer Review Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review is a reciprocal process whereby students produce feedback reviews on the work of peers and receive feedback reviews from peers on their own work. Prior research has primarily examined the learning benefits that result from the receipt of feedback reviews, with few studies specifically exploring the merits of producing feedback reviews

Nicol, David; Thomson, Avril; Breslin, Caroline

2014-01-01

111

Real-Time Peer Review: An Innovative Feature to an Evidence-Based Practice Conference  

PubMed Central

Many health sciences librarians as well as other professionals attend conferences on a regular basis. This study sought to link an innovative peer review process of presented research papers to long-term conference outcomes in the peer-reviewed professional journal literature. An evidence-based conference included a proof-of-concept study to gauge the long-term outcomes from research papers presented during the program. Real-time peer review recommendations from the conference were linked to final versions of articles published in the peer-reviewed literature. The real-time peer review feedback served as the basis for further mentoring to guide prospective authors toward publishing their research results. These efforts resulted in the publication of two of the four research papers in the peer-viewed literature. A third presented paper appeared in a blog because the authors wanted to disseminate their findings more quickly than through the journal literature. The presenters of the fourth paper never published their study. Real-time peer review from this study can be adapted to other professional conferences that include presented research papers.

Eldredge, Jonathan D.; Phillips, Holly E.; Kroth, Philip J.

2013-01-01

112

From SSWR to Peer-Reviewed Publication: How Many Live and How Many Die?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to estimate how many presentations at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Social Work and Research (SSWR) are subsequently published in peer-reviewed journals. A 30% random sample of abstracts presented at the 2006 Annual Meeting of SSWR was reviewed. To determine publication status of the presentations, the authors…

Perron, Brian E.; Taylor, Harry Owen; Vaughn, Michael G.; Grogan-Kaylor, Andrew; Ruffolo, Mary C.; Spencer, Michael

2011-01-01

113

ROAST: Peer Review as a Learning and Assessment Tool in Graduate Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Constructivist learning theory and inquiry-based educational practice stress the parallels between learning and research. Although peer review has long been a central feature of the working lives of research scientists, it has rarely found its way into the classroom. Motivated by this thought, an imaginary journal, Reviews of Atmospheric Science Topics (ROAST), has been integrated into a graduate-level course in

R. C. Somerville

2003-01-01

114

Peer Review, Bourdieu and Honour: Connecting Chinese and Australian Intellectual Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reviews of papers for refereed journals are rarely a source of exhilaration, only occasionally a pleasure and frequently dispiriting. Using peer reviews of research containing Chinese concepts, this paper explores different ways of thinking about knowledge, its evaluation and transfer. Bourdieu's concepts of fields of power, position taking,…

Singh, Michael; Han, Jinghe

2010-01-01

115

Critiquing Scholarship as Formal Review: The Role and Responsibilities of Readers for Academic Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the various components of a successful review from the standpoint of a veteran journal editor and encourages, in particular, young scholars to consider, if they have not already done so, becoming active participants not only in the authoring of scholarly work, but also as reviewers in the peer review process that is part of…

Nelson, Thomas

2011-01-01

116

33 CFR 385.22 - Independent scientific review and external peer review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Florida may initiate an external peer review process to review documents...Reports shall be externally peer reviewed. (3) In accordance with § 385.31(b), draft assessment reports prepared for the adaptive...program shall be externally peer...

2009-07-01

117

33 CFR 385.22 - Independent scientific review and external peer review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Florida may initiate an external peer review process to review documents...Reports shall be externally peer reviewed. (3) In accordance with § 385.31(b), draft assessment reports prepared for the adaptive...program shall be externally peer...

2010-07-01

118

Values, Influences, and Peers (VIP) Program Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report reviews the Values, Influences, and Peers (VIP) program in the Peel, Ontario schools. Originally developed as a joint initiative of the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of the Solicitor General, the VIP program was first introduced in Peel in 1983 as a pilot initiative in one school. Launched as a response to an increase in…

Fine, Judith

119

Calibrated Peer Review: Introduction - Why Study Geology?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sarah Andrews is a geologist who has also written a series of successful mystery novels featuring (naturally) a geologist who solves crimes in her spare time. Students read her article, "Why Study Geology?", then write and essay addressing points listed in the Writing Prompt. After this, students are introduced to the process of Calibrated Peer Review and evaluate their papers.

Heise, Elizabeth

120

Bristol Bay Assessment ? Supplemental Peer Review Reports  

EPA Science Inventory

These reports represent the results of independent peer reviews of several technical reports submitted to the public docket for the May 2012 draft of the Bristol Bay Assessment, An Assessment of Potential Mining Impacts on Salmon Ecosystems of Bristol Bay, Alaska . ...

121

Peer Assistance & Review: Lessons from Mt. Diablo.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Soon after the California Peer Assistance and Review program was signed into law, the Mt. Diablo Unified School District and the local teacher union came to an agreement about implementing the program. Key factors were mutual respect and need for mentoring programs for beginning teachers and for experienced teachers needing assistance. (MLH)

Rogers, Richard K.; Threatt, Dan

2000-01-01

122

Pulsed Power Peer Review Committee Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1993, the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA, PL 103-62) was enacted. GPRA, which applies to all federal programs, has three components: strategic plans, annual performance plans, and metrics to show how well annual plans are being followed. As part of meeting the GRPA requirement in FY2000, a 14-member external peer review panel (the Garwin Committee) was convened on

DOUGLAS D

2000-01-01

123

Using peer review to foster good teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to describe the implementation of a peer review of teaching (PROT) instructional improvement program at the Mansfield Library at The University of Montana. The success of the PROT program is based on its teacher-friendly collegial mentoring. This article provides a model for effective implementation in other academic libraries. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper describes a program

Sue Samson; Donna E. McCrea

2008-01-01

124

The characteristics of peer reviewers who produce good-quality reviews  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the characteristics of good peer reviewers.Design: Cross-sectional analysis of data gathered during a randomized controlled trial.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Setting: The Journal of General Internal Medicine.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Participants: 226 reviewers of 131 consecutively submitted manuscripts of original research. 201 (91%) completed the review and submitted\\u000a a curriculum vitae.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Measurements and main results: The quality of each review was judged on a

Arthur T. Evans; Robert A. Mcnutt; Suzanne W. Fletcher; Robert H. Fletcher

1993-01-01

125

A Peer Review Process for Classroom Teaching  

PubMed Central

Objective Describe the planning, implementation, and faculty perceptions of a classroom peer-review process, including an evaluation tool. Design A process for peer evaluation of classroom teaching and its evaluation tool were developed and implemented by a volunteer faculty committee within our department. At the end of the year, all faculty members were asked to complete an online anonymous survey to evaluate the experience. Assessment The majority of faculty members either agreed or strongly agreed that the overall evaluation process was beneficial for both evaluators and for those being evaluated. Some areas of improvement related to the process and its evaluation tool also were identified. Summary The process of developing and implementing a peer-evaluation process for classroom teaching was found to be beneficial for faculty members, and the survey results affirmed the need and continuation of such a process.

Ragucci, Kelly R.; Lapointe, Marc

2009-01-01

126

Using Calibrated Peer Review to Teach Basic Research Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) is an online tool being used in the class Introduction to Agriculture and Purdue University (AGR 10100) to integrate a writing and research component (http://cpr.molsci.ucla.edu/Home.aspx). Calibrated Peer Review combines the ability to create writing intensive assignments with an introduction to the peer-review

Bracke, Marianne S.; Graveel, John G.

2014-01-01

127

Online Peer Review: Learning Science as It's Practiced.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a cooperative project that integrates the internet into the peer-review process to enhance student understanding of the nature of science through engagement in socially authentic scientific research and the double-blinded peer review process. Reports the ratings of faculty and students of the online peer review. (Author/YDS)

Trautmann, Nancy M.; Carlsen, William S.; Eick, Charles J.; Gardner, Francis E., Jr.; Kenyon, Lisa; Moscovici, Hedy; Moore, John C.; Thompson, Mark; West, Sandra

2003-01-01

128

Examining Marketing Journals' Publication Process and Reviewer Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines reviewer practices at 11 marketing journals. The results for the top three journals are compared to eight comparable journals that are typically considered to be non-top-tier journals. The results suggest that the reviewers and the review processes at the top journals differ significantly from those of the non-top-tier…

Seiler, Vicky L.; Reisenwitz, Timothy H.; Schibrowsky, John A.

2011-01-01

129

Procedures for peer review assessments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

These assessment procedures provide the basis for implementing the methodology developed by the Office of Program Analysis (OPA) for assessing the quality of research and development within the Department of Energy (DOE). The reviews are performed by exam...

1991-01-01

130

Peer review practicalities in clinical medicine  

PubMed Central

Peer review processes in teaching requires a reviewer to observe a teacher’s practice in a planned manner. Conversation between the two enables the teacher to reflect on their own teaching, promoting self-improvement. Although a central part of the teaching process, and despite its crucial role in continuing professional development, peer review is not widely practiced in hospital settings. This article explains the process and its benefits. Practical implementations of the process in busy clinical settings are suggested. Its evaluation and incorporation into undergraduate learning and postgraduate clinical practice are described. With enthusiastic support for colleagues and allowances for its implementation, it should become part of the regular teaching practice, improving the quality of teaching delivered.

Metcalfe, Matthew J; Farrant, MAL; Farrant, JM

2010-01-01

131

‘Why not give us the full story?’: functions of referees’ comments in peer reviews of scientific research papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer reviews of research articles submitted to journals are an occluded genre, that is, they are not publicly available documents which are part of the research record. When submitting their first scientific papers to international journals for publication, NNSE (non-native speaker of English) novice researchers face the challenging task of framing effective replies to referees’ criticisms, a complex process requiring

Hugh Gosden

2003-01-01

132

Defense Acquisition Review Journal. Volume 14, Number 1, February 2007.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Defense Acquisition Review Journal, formerly the Acquisition Review Quarterly journal, is published quarterly by the Defense Acquisition University, Ft. Belvoir, VA. Article in this journal include: Problem Solving: Collaboration and Teamwork--the Key...

2007-01-01

133

Peer review process in medical research publications: Language and content comments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Every article sent by an author to a reputed scientific journal undergoes a rigorous editorial evaluation. The editor has the final responsibility of accepting or rejecting manuscripts and thus can confer authority and validity on the author’s research and help to disseminate new knowledge. In this task, editors make use of a panel of expert peer reviewers in the field

Philippa Mungra; Pauline Webber

2010-01-01

134

7 CFR 3400.21 - Scientific peer review for research activities.  

... false Scientific peer review for research activities. 3400.21 Section 3400...INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Peer and Merit Review...3400.21 Scientific peer review for research activities. Scientific peer...

2014-01-01

135

Negotiation on the assessment of research articles with academic reviewers: application of peer-review approach of teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study provides an insight into the dominant negotiation processes that occur between the authors of research articles\\u000a and academic reviewers at the peer reviewing stage. Data of reviewers comments and authors responses on 32 science and engineering\\u000a based journal articles covering four decision categories (accept as is, accept with minor revisions, major revisions and reject)\\u000a were collected. A commonly

Prashant Kumar; Imran Rafiq; Boulent Imam

136

CPTC Experts Author Proteomics Review in the Journal of Proteome Research  

Cancer.gov

CPTC experts authored a review of the current state of clinical proteomics in the peer-reviewed Journal of Proteome Research. The review highlights outcomes from the CPTC program and also provides a thorough overview of the different technologies that have pushed the field forward. Additionally, the review provides a vision for moving the field forward through linking advances in genomic and proteomic analysis to develop new, molecularly targeted interventions.

137

Building trust in peer-to-peer systems: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The decentralised, cooperative and self-organising nature of Peer-to-Peer (P2P) systems help to mitigate and even overcome many challenges which overwhelm the traditional client-server approaches. On the other hand, these very characteristics also introduce some novel issues in P2P environments. One of the critical issues is how to build the trust relationship within P2P systems. In this paper, we first discuss

Bo Zhu; Sushil Jajodia; Mohan S. Kankanhalli

2006-01-01

138

From newsletter to academic journal: creating the European Accounting Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper looks at the evolution of the European Accounting Review as the journal of the European Accounting Association. It provides an historical background to the launch of the journal in 1992, and traces how the European Accounting Review has developed to be a widely accepted academic journal in accounting. The journal tried at one and the same time, and

Anne Loft; Ann Jorissen; Peter Walton

2002-01-01

139

The predictive validity of peer review: A selective review of the judgmental forecasting qualities of peers, and implications for innovation in science  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this review we investigate what the available data on the predictive validity of peer review can add to our understanding of judgmental forecasting. We found that peer review attests to the relative success of judgmental forecasting by experts. Both manuscript and group-based peer review allow, on average, for accurate decisions to be made. However, tension exists between peer review

Wim G. G. Benda; Tim C. E. Engels

2011-01-01

140

The vacuum shouts back: postpublication peer review on social media.  

PubMed

Social media has created new pathways for postpublication peer review, which regularly leads to corrections. Such online discussions are often resisted by authors and editors, however, and efforts to formalize postpublication peer review have not yet resonated with scientific communities. PMID:24742455

Faulkes, Zen

2014-04-16

141

TEACHING PEER REVIEW AND THE PROCESS OF SCIENTIFIC WRITING  

Microsoft Academic Search

any undergraduate and graduate students understand neither the process of scientific writing nor the significance of peer review. In response, some instructors have created writing assignments that teach or mimic parts of the scientific publishing process. However, none fully reproduced peer review and revision of papers together with the writing and publishing process from research to final, accepted draft. In

William H. Guilford

142

The Great Fossil Fiasco: Teaching about Peer Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a lesson that engages middle school students in learning about peer review. Uses the article "Archaeoraptor Fossil Trail," which was published in the November, 1999 issue of "National Geographic" as an example of a real life story of how peer review forces scientists to critically re-examine a fossil discovery. (SOE)

Gift, Nancy; Krasny, Marianne

2003-01-01

143

The impact of Patrick v. Burget on peer review.  

PubMed

In analyzing the effect of Patrick v. Burget upon peer review, the authors conclude that the decision was not "an atom bomb" and that physicians who wish to work for changes in state law to ensure the availability of the state action exemption for peer review actions will find substantial guidance in the decision. PMID:10290181

Gainer, P S; Miles, J J

1988-01-01

144

Quality Assurance in Packaging Design Through the Peer Review Process.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The formulation of a peer design review group, the method for accomplishing the study, and the organization and scope of the task are presented by using the recently accomplished TRUPACT preliminary design peer review as a case study. (ERA citation 08:034...

J. A. Andersen

1983-01-01

145

Improving the Peer-Review Process for Grant Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review is a gatekeeper, the final arbiter of what is valued in academia, but it has been criticized in relation to traditional psychological research criteria of reliability, validity, generalizability, and potential biases. Despite a considerable literature, there is surprisingly little sound peer-review research examining these criteria or strategies for improving the process. This article summarizes the authors' research program

Herbert W. Marsh; Upali W. Jayasinghe; Nigel W. Bond

146

7 CFR 3415.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Establishment and operation of peer review groups. 3415.10...AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications...Establishment and operation of peer review groups. Subject...

2010-01-01

147

7 CFR 3415.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Establishment and operation of peer review groups. 3415.10...AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications...Establishment and operation of peer review groups. Subject...

2009-01-01

148

42 CFR 67.15 - Peer review of applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...fields, or specific health care issues; and (v) Appropriate representation based on gender, racial/ethnic origin, and geography. (3) Review by the peer review group under paragraph (a) of this section is conducted by using the criteria set...

2013-10-01

149

Peer Review and the Web: The Implications of Electronic Peer Review for Biomedical Authors, Referees and Learned Society Publishers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces an Electronic Libraries (eLib) project--Electronic Submission and Peer Review (ESPERE), which examines cultural and technical problems of conducting electronic peer review for biomedical academics and learned-society publishers. Describes interviews with seven learned-society publishers, analysis of a questionnaire sent to 200 editorial…

Wood, D. J.

1998-01-01

150

Peer Review of Teaching Project (PRTP)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Peer Review of Teaching Project (PRTP) provides faculty with a structured and practical model that combines inquiry into the intellectual work of a course, careful investigation of student understanding and performance, and faculty reflection on teaching effectiveness. Begun in 1994, the PRTP has engaged hundreds of faculty members from numerous universities. In 2005, the project was awarded a TIAA-CREF Theodore M. Hesburgh Award Certificate of Excellence in recognition of it being an exceptional faculty development program designed to enhance undergraduate student achievement. Faculty are invited to become part of the national community exploring how to document the intellectual work of postsecondary teaching. This website is designed to serve as an international repository for course portfolios written by faculty who teach at postsecondary institutions. Faculty are welcome to archive their course portfolio on this site so that their work can be shared, used, and reviewed by other faculty. Faculty are also encouraged to write a review for any of the course portfolios in the repository.

2010-06-23

151

Peering at peer review revealed high degree of chance associated with funding of grant applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and ObjectivesThere is a persistent degree of uncertainty and dissatisfaction with the peer review process underlining the need to validate the current grant awarding procedures. This study compared the CLassic Structured Scientific In-depth two reviewer critique (CLASSIC) with an all panel members' independent ranking method (RANKING). Eleven reviewers, reviewed 32 applications for a pilot project competition at a major

Nancy E. Mayo; James Brophy; Mark S. Goldberg; Marina B. Klein; Sydney Miller; Robert W. Platt; Judith Ritchie

2006-01-01

152

Alternatives to Peer Review: Novel Approaches for Research Evaluation  

PubMed Central

In this paper we review several novel approaches for research evaluation. We start with a brief overview of the peer review, its controversies, and metrics for assessing efficiency and overall quality of the peer review. We then discuss five approaches, including reputation-based ones, that come out of the research carried out by the LiquidPub project and research groups collaborated with LiquidPub. Those approaches are alternative or complementary to traditional peer review. We discuss pros and cons of the proposed approaches and conclude with a vision for the future of the research evaluation, arguing that no single system can suit all stakeholders in various communities.

Birukou, Aliaksandr; Wakeling, Joseph Rushton; Bartolini, Claudio; Casati, Fabio; Marchese, Maurizio; Mirylenka, Katsiaryna; Osman, Nardine; Ragone, Azzurra; Sierra, Carles; Wassef, Aalam

2011-01-01

153

Alternatives to peer review: novel approaches for research evaluation.  

PubMed

In this paper we review several novel approaches for research evaluation. We start with a brief overview of the peer review, its controversies, and metrics for assessing efficiency and overall quality of the peer review. We then discuss five approaches, including reputation-based ones, that come out of the research carried out by the LiquidPub project and research groups collaborated with LiquidPub. Those approaches are alternative or complementary to traditional peer review. We discuss pros and cons of the proposed approaches and conclude with a vision for the future of the research evaluation, arguing that no single system can suit all stakeholders in various communities. PMID:22174702

Birukou, Aliaksandr; Wakeling, Joseph Rushton; Bartolini, Claudio; Casati, Fabio; Marchese, Maurizio; Mirylenka, Katsiaryna; Osman, Nardine; Ragone, Azzurra; Sierra, Carles; Wassef, Aalam

2011-01-01

154

[Comment on “Implementing the peer review process in AGU Publications” The peer review process in JGR”Space Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent Forum articles (Eos, October 23, 1984, p. 770), P.J. Baum and A.J. Dessler have commented on the peer review system as implemented in the Space Physics section of JGR. The issues they raise are important, and as current editor I welcome the opportunity to express my views on them.As is evident from the review form presently used in JGR-Space Physics and shown in Figure 1, I share the concern expressed by Baum and Dessler that the review process should permit significant new and unorthodox ideas or results to be published. Apparently, Baum feels that the form is a negative influence in this respect. Eos readers may judge for themselves, but I must confess to surprise at this reaction, since the objective of maintaining the journal as an open forum for diverse scientific viewpoints is spelled out very clearly and since referees are asked to present constructive criticism whenever possible. In my experience, most referees have no difficulty relating the information on the back side of the form to the summary evaluation on the front side, and they are quite willing to recommend acceptance of high-quality papers containing controversial but well argued views. Thus I believe the form serves its purposes well. Nevertheless, I would welcome concrete suggestions for improvement of it.

Sonnerup, B. U. ö.

1984-04-01

155

Peer-Reviewed Publication of Clinical Trials Completed for Pediatric Exclusivity  

PubMed Central

Context Much of pediatric drug use is “off-label” because appropriate pediatric studies have not been conducted and the drugs have not been labeled by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in children. In 1997, Congress authorized FDA to grant extensions of marketing rights known as “pediatric exclusivity” if FDA-requested pediatric trials were conducted. As a result, there have been over 100 product labeling changes. The publication status of studies completed for pediatric exclusivity has not been evaluated. Objective To quantify the dissemination of results of studies conducted for pediatric exclusivity into the peer-review literature. Design Cohort study of all trials conducted for Pediatric Exclusivity, the subsequent labeling changes, and the publication of those studies in peer-reviewed journals. We categorized each study in the exclusivity application as ”successful” or “unsuccessful” based on FDA approval of the indication sought by the sponsor. We categorized any labeling changes resulting from the studies as ”positive” or “negative” for the drug under study. We then evaluated aspects of the studies and product label changes that were associated with subsequent publication in peer-reviewed medical journals. Main Outcome Measures Publication of the trial data in peer-reviewed journals. Results Between 1998 and 2004, 253 studies were submitted to FDA for pediatric exclusivity: 50% evaluated efficacy, 20% were multi-dose pharmacokinetic, 13% were single-dose pharmacokinetic, and 17% were safety studies. Labeling changes were positive for 127/253 (50%) of studies; only 112/253 (44%) were published. Efficacy studies and those with a favorable labeling change were more likely to be published. Of 100 studies resulting in important labeling changes, only 33 were published. Conclusions The pediatric exclusivity program has been successful in encouraging drug studies in children. However, the dissemination of these results in the peer-reviewed literature is limited. The results of these trials and future studies conducted for pediatric exclusivity should be published in peer-reviewed journals. Mechanisms to more widely disperse this information warrant further evaluation.

Benjamin, Daniel Kelly; Smith, Philip Brian; Murphy, M. Dianne; Roberts, Rosemary; Mathis, Lisa; Avant, Debbie; Califf, Robert M; Li, Jennifer S.

2009-01-01

156

Conflicts of interest in biomedical publications: considerations for authors, peer reviewers, and editors.  

PubMed

This article overviews evidence on common instances of conflict of interest (COI) in research publications from general and specialized fields of biomedicine. Financial COIs are viewed as the most powerful source of bias, which may even distort citation outcomes of sponsored publications. The urge to boost journal citation indicators by stakeholders of science communication is viewed as a new secondary interest, which may compromize the interaction between authors, peer reviewers and editors. Comprehensive policies on disclosure of financial and non-financial COIs in scholarly journals are presented as proxies of their indexing in evidence-based databases, and examples of successful medical journals are discussed in detail. Reports on clinical trials, systematic reviews, meta-analyses and clinical practice guidelines may be unduly influenced by author-pharmaceutical industry relations, but these publications do not always contain explicit disclosures to allow the readers to judge the reliability of the published conclusions and practice-changing recommendations. The article emphasizes the importance of adhering to the guidance on COI from learned associations such as the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). It also considers joint efforts of authors, peer reviewers and editors as a foundation for appropriately defining and disclosing potential COIs. PMID:24382859

Gasparyan, Armen Yuri; Ayvazyan, Lilit; Akazhanov, Nurbek A; Kitas, George D

2013-12-01

157

Quality Control and Peer Review of Data Sets: Mapping Data Archiving Processes to Data Publication Requirements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Data sets exist within scientific research and knowledge networks as both technical and non-technical entities. Establishing the quality of data sets is a multi-faceted task that encompasses many automated and manual processes. Data sets have always been essential for science research, but now need to be more visible as first-class scholarly objects at national, international, and local levels. Many initiatives are establishing procedures to publish and curate data sets, as well as to promote professional rewards for researchers that collect, create, manage, and preserve data sets. Traditionally, research quality has been assessed by peer review of textual publications, e.g. journal articles, conference proceedings, and books. Citation indices then provide standard measures of productivity used to reward individuals for their peer-reviewed work. Whether a similar peer review process is appropriate for assessing and ensuring the quality of data sets remains as an open question. How does the traditional process of peer review apply to data sets? This presentation will describe current work being done at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in the context of the Peer REview for Publication & Accreditation of Research Data in the Earth sciences (PREPARDE) project. PREPARDE is assessing practices and processes for data peer review, with the goal of developing recommendations. NCAR data management teams perform various kinds of quality assessment and review of data sets prior to making them publicly available. The poster will investigate how notions of peer review relate to the types of data review already in place at NCAR. We highlight the data set characteristics and management/archiving processes that challenge the traditional peer review processes by using a number of questions as probes, including: Who is qualified to review data sets? What formal and informal documentation is necessary to allow someone outside of a research team to review a data set? What data set review can be done pre-publication, and what must be done post-publication? What components of the data sets review processes can be automated, and what components will always require human expertise and evaluation?

Mayernik, M. S.; Daniels, M.; Eaker, C.; Strand, G.; Williams, S. F.; Worley, S. J.

2012-12-01

158

Simulation/Gaming Journals: A Review of the Field.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews five journals on simulation and gaming that are published in North America and the United Kingdom and suggests that there is a problem of subject redundancy in articles among and within the journals. (CMV)

Coombs, Don H.

1980-01-01

159

Student Revision with Peer and Expert Reviewing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a previous study we found that students receiving feedback from multiple peers improve their writing quality more than students receiving feedback from a single expert. The present study attempted to explain that finding by analyzing the feedback types provided by experts and peers, how that feedback was related to revisions, and how revisions…

Cho, Kwangsu; MacArthur, Charles

2010-01-01

160

The More You Know: The Impact of Publication and Peer-Review Experience on Psychology Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The New School Psychology Bulletin (NSPB) is a peer-reviewed journal operated by clinical psychology graduate students. Forty-four members of the editorial board and 27 authors were surveyed before and after working with NSPB. Results of the survey demonstrated that experience with the publication process resulted in quantitative decreases in…

Doran, Jennifer M.; Somerville, William; Harlem-Siegel, Jessica; Steele, Howard

2014-01-01

161

What Authors Need to Know About the Way Editors Think: Report From the Congress on Peer Review in Biomedical Publication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Editors of biomedical journals from around the world convened in Sep- tember 2001 in Barcelona, Spain, for the Fourth International Con- gress on Peer Review in Biomedi- cal Publication. For 3 days, discus- sions centered around editors defin- ing their role in maintaining the in- tegrity of content of medical jour- nals and presentations of research studies on publication bias.

Anne Victoria Neale

162

Journal of Digital Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Journal of Digital Information is an electronic-only, peer-reviewed journal covering topics related to digital libraries, hypertext and hypermedia systems, and the issues of digital information. The journal's main page features links to articles in the current issue; previous issues are browseable by issue number, author, title, or theme. They may also be searched by keywords in title or text.

163

Clinical peer review program self-evaluation for US hospitals.  

PubMed

Prior research has shown wide variation in clinical peer review program structure, process, governance, and perceived effectiveness. This study sought to validate the utility of a Peer Review Program Self-Evaluation Tool as a potential guide to physician and hospital leaders seeking greater program value. Data from 330 hospitals show that the total score from the self-evaluation tool is strongly associated with perceived quality impact. Organizational culture also plays a significant role. When controlling for these factors, there was no evidence of benefit from a multispecialty review process. Physicians do not generally use reliable methods to measure clinical performance. A high rate of change since 2007 has not produced much improvement. The Peer Review Program Self-Evaluation Tool reliably differentiates hospitals along a continuum of perceived program performance. The full potential of peer review as a process to improve the quality and safety of care has yet to be realized. PMID:20733206

Edwards, Marc T

2010-01-01

164

Successful peer review of courses: a case study.  

PubMed

The authors describe their school's system of peer review for courses, established in 1988 to facilitate faculty evaluation and continual course and curriculum improvement. (The system has been temporarily suspended while the school's new curriculum becomes established.) They explain how the system was created and then report how faculty reviews of courses over the five-year operation of the system compared with students' reviews of the same courses. The faculty and students' ratings were in agreement 75% of the time. When not in agreement, the students' ratings tended to upgrade courses that were not very demanding, had easy grading, and emphasized clinical details, often at the expense of basic concepts and the big picture. The authors then document how the work of the peer review system favorably influenced the transformation of the school's curriculum. They also provide guidelines for the creation and operation of a course review process that uses faculty peers. The authors maintain that the peer review system worked because it was run by a committee of experienced and respected teachers who had been selected by their peers, the other faculty. Additional reasons for its success were that the school's faculty supported and respected the committee and its work, that course directors helped evaluate their courses, and that peer reviewers took their work seriously despite having no remuneration, and the clearly positive impact of the review system on faculty interaction, faculty-student interaction, and the reform of the curriculum. PMID:9526453

Horowitz, S; Van Eyck, S; Albanese, M

1998-03-01

165

42 CFR 67.103 - Peer review of contract proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...103 Section 67.103 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING AGENCY FOR HEALTH CARE POLICY AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Peer Review of Contracts for Health...

2009-10-01

166

Computer-Mediated Peer Review of Student Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Barriers to peer review of student work can be overcome using computer-mediated systems ranging from customized software to e-mail, multiuser object-oriented systems (MOOs), and Web-based projects. (SK)

Sullivan, Dave; Brown, Carol E.; Nielson, Norma L.

1998-01-01

167

42 CFR 67.103 - Peer review of contract proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...fields, or specific health care issues; and (5) Appropriate representation based on gender, racial/ethnic origin, and geography, to the extent practicable. (d) Term of peer review group members. Notwithstanding section 922(c)(3)...

2013-10-01

168

42 CFR 52h.4 - Composition of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS AND RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT PROJECTS § 52h.4...which the individual has engaged in relevant research, the capacities (e.g., principal...

2012-10-01

169

Quality assurance reviews: how they differ from peer reviews.  

PubMed

Research papers and reports written by scientists and engineers in the United States Environmental Protection Agency are reviewed by the agency's quality assurance staff. EPA papers and reports are subjected to peer reviews that check for the validity of conclusions and the general agreement with the body of technical knowledge in the subject area. Quality assurance reviews differ from peer reviews in that the focus of the quality assurance review is on the following criteria: Consistency: Were reasonable and consistent units of measurement and generally acceptable formulas used throughout? Are the appropriate number of significant figures reported? Correctness: Were matrix-compatible methods used? Were measurements within the working range of the method? Can measurements be traced to a recognized standard or source (e.g., the National Institute of Standards and Technology)? Can calculations be verified, starting from representative raw data and proceeding to the summary data presented in the paper or report? Coherence: Do the stated conclusions follow from the data presented? Are the assumptions clearly stated? Are inconsistencies between data and conclusions discussed? Clarity: Are special terms and acronyms defined? Can a person with a general technical background in the subject understand the paper or report? Conformance: Did the study follow the test/quality assurance plan, with appropriate calibrations and other quality-control checks, audits, and data validations? If not, is there a discussion of problems? Concordance: Were data quality objectives met? Were the data quality indicator goals achieved for precision, accuracy, representativeness, comparability, and completeness? The importance of these quality assurance review criteria are discussed along with examples from current work. PMID:10386330

Adams, N H

1998-01-01

170

The academic welfare state: making peer-review count.  

PubMed

The peer-review process is a central pillar of academic publishing. However, the work that goes into ensuring the quality of published content is rarely recognised. Here we present a correction factor for the h-index, one of the most popular metrics for quantifying academic output, that will allow for the inclusion of peer-review effort in the evaluation of the outputs produced by an academic. PMID:23932409

Veríssimo, Diogo; Roberts, David L

2013-11-01

171

Music's Representation in Early Childhood Education Journals: A Literature Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this review of literature, the author explored the representation of music in early childhood education researcher and practitioner journal articles. Thirty-eight pertinent journal articles were identified in a keyword search for "music" in eight journals. The search was limited to a 5-year period, 2005-2010. Article summaries were categorized…

Bond, Vanessa L.

2012-01-01

172

The Art of Reviewing Science Journals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science journals are wonderful tools. They offer a glimpse into children's science understandings, and they are both diagnostic and pedagogically informative to teachers. Examining and reflecting on children's journal work lets teachers embed assessment in curriculum and instruction; however, effectively analyzing children's journal writing and drawing takes practice.In this article, the authors describe ways to look at children's journal work as intellectual and reflective practice and list questions to keep in mind when planning and assessing students' journal entries.

Shepardson, Daniel P.; Britsch, Susan J.

2004-11-01

173

Peer-review in a world with rational scientists: Toward selection of the average  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is widely believed that one of the virtues of peer review is that it provides a self-regulating selection mechanism for scientific work, papers and projects. Peer review as a selection mechanism is hard to evaluate in terms of its efficiency. Serious efforts to understand its strengths and weaknesses have not yet lead to conclusive answers. In theory peer review works if the involved parties (editors and referees) conform to a set of requirements, such as love for high quality science, objectiveness, and absence of biases, nepotism, friend and clique networks, selfishness, etc. If these requirements are violated, what is the effect on the selection of high quality work? We study this question with a simple agent based model. In particular we are interested in the effects of rational referees, who might not have any incentive to see high quality work other than their own published or promoted. We find that a small fraction of incorrect (selfish or rational) referees is sufficient to drastically lower the quality of the published (accepted) scientific standard. We determine the fraction for which peer review will no longer perform better than pure chance. Decline of quality of accepted scientific work is shown as a function of the fraction of rational and unqualified referees. We show how a simple quality-increasing policy of e.g. a journal can lead to additional loss in overall scientific quality, and how mutual support-networks of authors and referees deteriorate the system.

Thurner, S.; Hanel, R.

2011-12-01

174

Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers A peer-reviewed journal would not survive without the generous time and insightful comments of the reviewers, whose efforts often go unrecognized. Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine has been blessed by the support of highly-qualified peer reviewers, and the Editor-in-Chief, Bjorn Olsen, and staff of the journal would like to show their appreciation by thanking the following for their invaluable assistance with review of manuscripts for the journal in Volume 12 (2013).

2014-01-01

175

Do Latin American scientific journals follow dual-use review policies?  

PubMed

During the past decade, a number of journals have implemented dual-use policies in order to analyze whether the papers submitted for publication could raise concern because of the potential for misuse of their content. In this context, an analysis was performed on Latin American scientific journals to examine whether they apply formal written dual-use review policies and whether they inform their authors and reviewers about potentially sensitive issues in this area, as other international journals do. Peer-reviewed life sciences journals indexed in Latindex from Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, and Chile were analyzed. The Guide for Authors and the Instructions to Referees of 216 journals included in the Latindex catalogue (which means that they meet the best quality standards of the Latindex system) were screened for biosecurity-related information using the keywords biosecurity, biological weapons, and dual-use research of concern. Results showed that the screened publications had a total lack of dual-use review policies, even though some of them pointed out ethical behaviors to be followed related to authorship, plagiarism, simultaneous submission, research results misappropriation, ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects, guiding principles for the care and use of animals in research, research standard violations, and reviewer bias, among others. PMID:24693885

Valles, Edith Gladys; Bernacchi, Adriana Silvina

2014-01-01

176

Genetics and Peer Relations: A Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers have become increasingly interested in uncovering how genetic factors work together with the peer environment in influencing development. This article offers an overview of the state of knowledge. It first describes the different types of gene-environment correlations (rGE) and gene-environment interactions (GxE) that are of relevance…

Brendgen, Mara

2012-01-01

177

The Art of Reviewing Science Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science journals are wonderful tools. They offer a glimpse into children's science understandings, and they are both diagnostic and pedagogically informative to teachers. Examining and reflecting on children's journal work lets teachers embed assessment in curriculum and instruction; however, effectively analyzing children's journal writing and…

Shepardson, Daniel P.; Britsch, Susan Jane

2004-01-01

178

A Web-Based Interface for Student Peer Review, Problem-Based Learning, and Peer Pressure  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Because many students in land-grant colleges focus their studies in the natural sciences, they often find the writing assignments associated with classes in the social science of natural resource management to be especially challenging. Such writing assignments tend to depend on argumentation, rather than finding the answer, or controlled experimentation. This paper describes developing and implementing a web-based interface for a course in environmental law to overcome some of these difficulties. In a problem-based learning context, the interface promotes student peer review, which improves argumentation. Data suggest that students are comfortable learning in groups and that learning becomes easier when coupled with group activities, including peer review through the interface. In addition, the quality of student argumentation is found to improve through peer pressure.

Duke, Joshua

2003-01-01

179

Independent peer review of nuclear safety computer codes  

SciTech Connect

A structured process of independent computer code peer review has been developed to assist the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the US Department of Energy in their nuclear safety missions. This paper focuses on the process that evolved during recent reviews of NRC codes.

Boyack, B.E.; Jenks, R.P.

1993-02-01

180

Independent peer review of nuclear safety computer codes  

SciTech Connect

A structured process of independent computer code peer review has been developed to assist the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the US Department of Energy in their nuclear safety missions. This paper focuses on the process that evolved during recent reviews of NRC codes.

Boyack, B.E.; Jenks, R.P.

1993-01-01

181

Calibrated peer review assignments for the earth sciences  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Calibrated Peer Review ??? (CPR), a web-based instructional tool developed as part of the National Science Foundation reform initiatives in undergraduate science education, allows instructors to incorporate multiple writing assignments in large courses without overwhelming the instructor. This study reports successful implementation of CPR in a large, introductory geology course and student learning of geoscience content. For each CPR assignment in this study, students studied web-based and paper resources, wrote an essay, and reviewed seven essays (three from the instructor, three from peers, and their own) on the topic. Although many students expressed negative attitudes and concerns, particularly about the peer review process of this innovative instructional approach, they also recognized the learning potential of completing CPR assignments. Comparing instruction on earthquakes and plate boundaries using a CPR assignment vs. an instructional video lecture and homework essay with extensive instructor feedback, students mastered more content via CPR instruction.

Rudd, II, J. A.; Wang, V. Z.; Cervato, C.; Ridky, R. W.

2009-01-01

182

CES4Health.info: A Web-Based Mechanism for Disseminating Peer-Reviewed Products of Community-Engaged Scholarship--Reflections on Year One  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

CES4Health.info was launched in November 2009 as an online mechanism for peer reviewing and disseminating products of community-engaged scholarship in forms other than journal articles. One year after its launch, the authors conducted an online survey of CES4Health.info contributing authors, reviewers, and users of published products. Early…

Jordan, Catherine; Gelmon, Sherril; Ryan, Katharine; Seifer, Sarena D.

2012-01-01

183

A Study of Technical Engineering Peer Reviews at NASA  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report describes the state of practices of design reviews at NASA and research into what can be done to improve peer review practices. There are many types of reviews at NASA: required and not, formalized and informal, programmatic and technical. Standing project formal reviews such as the Preliminary Design Review and Critical Design Review are a required part of every project and mission development. However, the technical, engineering peer reviews that support teams' work on such projects are informal, some times ad hoc, and inconsistent across the organization. The goal of this work is to identify best practices and lessons learned from NASA's experience, supported by academic research and methodologies to ultimately improve the process. This research has determined that the organization, composition, scope, and approach of the reviews impact their success. Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) can identify key areas of concern before or in the reviews. Product definition tools like the Project Priority Matrix, engineering-focused Customer Value Chain Analysis (CVCA), and project or system-based Quality Function Deployment (QFD) help prioritize resources in reviews. The use of information technology and structured design methodologies can strengthen the engineering peer review process to help NASA work towards error-proofing the design process.

Chao, Lawrence P.; Tumer, Irem Y.; Bell, David G.

2003-01-01

184

An Overview and Analysis of Journal Operations, Journal Publication Patterns, and Journal Impact in School Psychology and Related Fields  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the results of three studies designed to understand better the journal operations, publishing practices, and impact of school psychology journals in recent years. The first study presents the results of a survey focusing on journal operations and peer-review practices that was completed by 61 journal editors of school…

Floyd, Randy G.; Cooley, Kathryn M.; Arnett, James E.; Fagan, Thomas K.; Mercer, Sterett H.; Hingle, Christine

2011-01-01

185

Open access to the scientific journal literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT: None of the advantages of traditional scientific journals need be sacrificed in order to provide free online access to scientific journal articles. Objections that open access to scientific journal literature requires the sacrifice of peer-review, revenue, copyright protection, or other strengths of traditional journals, are based on misunderstandings.

Peter Suber

2002-01-01

186

IRIS TOXICOLOGICAL REVIEW AND SUMMARY DOCUMENTS FOR 1,4-DICHLOROBENZENE (EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW)  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. EPA has conducted a peer review of the scientific basis supporting the human health hazard and dose-response assessment of 1,4-dichlorobenzene that will appear on the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) database. Peer review is meant to ensure that science is used ...

187

Evidence. Peer-reviewed journal publications obtained from an Index Medicus search or known to members of the Working Group were the source of data on which the statement is based  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consensus Process. Following discussions with all members of the Working Group, a draft statement was prepared by the chair and circulated among all members until a consensus was reached. The consensus draft was sequentially reviewed and endorsed by the appropriate scientific and executive committees of the ACMG, ASHG, AAN, APA, and the National Institutes of Health-Department of Education Working Group

188

Looking for the impact of peer review: does count of funding acknowledgements really predict research impact?  

PubMed

A small number of studies have sought to establish that research papers with more funding acknowledgements achieve higher impact and have claimed that such a link exists because research supported by more funding bodies undergoes more peer review. In this paper, a test of this link is made using recently available data from the Web of Science, a source of bibliographic data that now includes funding acknowledgements. The analysis uses 3,596 papers from a single year, 2009, and a single journal, the Journal of Biological Chemistry. Analysis of this data using OLS regression and two ranks tests reveals the link between count of funding acknowledgements and high impact papers to be statistically significant, but weak. It is concluded that count of funding acknowledgements should not be considered a reliable indicator of research impact at this level. Relatedly, indicators based on assumptions that may hold true at one level of analysis may not be appropriate at other levels. PMID:23704798

Rigby, John

2013-01-01

189

Investigating Mandatory Peer Review of Teaching In Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Accountability agendas are influencing the secondary education sector in Australian schools. Analysis of student achievement, student feedback mechanisms and personal reflection are forming part of these agendas as methods of teacher evaluation. Additionally, and more recently, teacher evaluation through "peer review" is emerging as a…

Brix, Jacinta; Grainger, Peter; Hill, Angela

2014-01-01

190

Peer Review: The Importance of Education for Best Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of teaching is expected by an increasingly skeptical public that wants those in higher education to contain costs, increase access, and teach in ways that make sure students learn. An integral and under-used component of documenting teaching effectiveness is peer review. A framework for best practice to ensure a systematic and…

Goldberg, Lynette R.; Parham, Douglas F.; Coufal, Kathy L.; Maeda, Masako; Scudder, Rosalind R.; Sechtem, Phillip R.

2010-01-01

191

Collaborative Learning through Formative Peer Review with Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a collaboration between a mathematician and a compositionist who developed a sequence of collaborative writing assignments for calculus. This sequence of developmentally appropriate assignments presents peer review as a collaborative process that promotes reflection, deepens understanding, and improves exposition. First, we…

Eaton, Carrie Diaz; Wade, Stephanie

2014-01-01

192

Doing More with Less: Effective Research and Peer Review  

EPA Science Inventory

This short discourse is an excerpt from the Founders Award address presented by Dr. Ankley last fall at the Annual SETAC meeting in Tampa, FL. In it he discusses the importance of knowing when to quit pursuing a line of research, and the importance of peer review....

193

Portfolio Peer Review: A Tool for Program Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To achieve cultural change in a business management/accounting department, annual peer review of faculty portfolios documenting teaching, advising, service, and scholarship was instituted. The process improved the department's alignment with the university's mission. Scholarly productivity quadrupled from 1998-2001. Portfolio assessment had little…

Fleak, Sandra K.; Romine, Jeff; Gilchrist, Neil

2003-01-01

194

Trans-NIH Regional Grant Writing & Scientific Peer Review Workshops  

Cancer.gov

CGH organizes The Regional Grant Writing & Scientific Peer Review Workshops in coordination with several Institutes and Centers across NIH to increase the participation of scientists from LMICs in the research grant process; develop strategies for sustainable research support and collaborations; and use competitive research as a tool to address global health issues.

195

A quick guide to writing a solid peer review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientific integrity and consensus rely on the peer review process, a defining feature of scientific discourse that subjects the literature forming the foundation of credible knowledge in a scientific field to rigorous scrutiny. However, there is surprisingly little training in graduate school on how to develop this essential skill [Zimmerman et al., 2011] or discussion of best practices to ensure

Kimberly A. Nicholas; Wendy S. Gordon

2011-01-01

196

Constructing the Components of a Lab Report Using Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A protocol that emphasizes lab report writing using a piecemeal approach coupled with peer review is described. As the lab course progresses, the focus of the report writing changes sequentially through the abstract and introduction, the discussion, and the procedure. Two styles of lab programs are presented. One style rotates the students through…

Berry, David E.; Fawkes, Kelli L.

2010-01-01

197

NIH Mulls Ways to Lure Back Veteran Peer Reviewers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Not long ago, academic scientists welcomed calls from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) asking them to volunteer as peer reviewers. Many were glad for the opportunity to help distribute billions of dollars in federal biomedical-research grants even though the service required a big time commitment--the equivalent of one month a year to…

Brainard, Jeffrey

2008-01-01

198

Open Peer-Review as Web's Self-Organization Force  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a novel system to support an ultimately open and scalable distributed collaborative Web categorization and ranking scheme that follows the quality ensuring peer-review spirit of academia and the Open Source movement. It is a categorization and ranking metadata standard with a unique efficient rank computation model that enables cooperative Web directory construction with automatic and democratic generation of

Maxim Lifantsev

199

Using Web-Based Discussion Forums as a Model of the Peer-Review Process and a Tool for Assessment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Teaching Resource describes how to use an online asynchronous discussion as a mechanism to introduce students to the peer-review process, as well as to assess student performance and understanding. This method was applied to a graduate course on signal transduction and the Teaching Resource includes a syllabus, detailed plan for incorporating the online discussion, sample journal club questions, and sample student responses to the discussion forum, faculty responses, and student revisions.

Sherry L. Jenkins (Mount Sinai School of Medicine;Department of Pharmacology and Systems Therapeutics REV); Ravi Iyengar (Mount Sinai School of Medicine;Department of Pharmacology and Systems Therapeutics REV); Maria A. Diverse-Pierluissi (Mount Sinai School of Medicine;Department of Pharmacology and Systems Therapeutics REV); Andrew M. Chan (Mount Sinai School of Medicine;Department of Oncological Sciences REV); Lakshmi A. Devi (Mount Sinai School of Medicine;Department of Pharmacology and Systems Therapeutics REV); Eric A. Sobie (Mount Sinai School of Medicine;Department of Pharmacology and Systems Therapeutics REV)

2008-03-04

200

76 FR 68518 - Request for Information: Public Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting From...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting From Federally Funded Research...access to the peer-reviewed scholarly publications that result from federally funded scientific...Force on Public Access to Scholarly Publications. Release Date: November 3,...

2011-11-04

201

76 FR 80418 - Request for Information: Public Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting From...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting From Federally Funded Research...access to the peer-reviewed scholarly publications that result from federally funded scientific...Force on Public Access to Scholarly Publications. Release Date: November 3,...

2011-12-23

202

Peer review of the trusted software methodology  

SciTech Connect

The review and analysis of the Trusted Software Methodology (TSM) by a panel of experts in various areas of computer science, computer security, and engineering are reported. The approach to the conduct of the review is described, and a brief introduction to the TSM is provided. The findings from the review fall into three categories: achievements, desirable additions, and changes. In addition, several recommendations are made with respect to application of the TSM within the purview of the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization.

Chisholm, G.H. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Gannon, J.D. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)]|[Univ. of Maryland, Baltimore, MD (United States); Kemmerer, R.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)]|[Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States); McHugh, J. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)]|[Portland State Univ., OR (United States)

1994-02-01

203

75 FR 18205 - Notice of Peer Review Meeting for the External Peer Review Drafts of Two Documents on Using...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Using Probabilistic Methods To Enhance the Role...contractor for external scientific peer review, will convene...Using Probabilistic Methods to Enhance the Role...and similar or related methods, and some examples...only reflect external scientific advice on how to...

2010-04-09

204

The Potential of Dual-Language Cross-Cultural Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the potential of dual-language cross-cultural peer review and how it improves on traditional monolingual and monocultural peer review. Drawing on scholarship related to international exchange programmes, peer review, and two-way immersion programmes in the United States as well as data collected while facilitating the…

Ruecker, Todd

2011-01-01

205

Predicting Academics' Willingness to Participate in Peer Review of Teaching: A Quantitative Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review of teaching is a collegial process designed to help academics reflect on and improve their teaching practice. Considerable research supports the value of peer review of teaching. However, uptake of voluntary programs is typically low. Few studies have examined the predictors of engagement in voluntary peer review. This study surveyed…

White, Kiri; Boehm, Emilia; Chester, Andrea

2014-01-01

206

Peer-review in a world with rational scientists: Toward selection of the average  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is widely believed that one of the virtues of peer review is that it provides a self-regulating selection mechanism for scientific work, papers and projects. Peer review as a selection mechanism is hard to evaluate in terms of its efficiency. Serious efforts to understand its strengths and weaknesses have not yet lead to conclusive answers. In theory peer review

S. Thurner; R. Hanel

2011-01-01

207

Quality in research and the significance of community assessment and peer review: education’s idiosyncrasy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Calls for the quality of educational research to be monitored more carefully are examined in the context of the most widely used and trusted form of quality screening, namely, that afforded by peer review. The serious limitations of peer review for this purpose, especially in education, are outlined before discussing the place of peer review publication in the construction of

Natasha Macnab; Gary Thomas

2007-01-01

208

Defense Acquisition Research Journal. Volume 20, Number 3, October 2013.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Defense Acquisition Research Journal (ARJ) is a scholarly peer- reviewed journal published by the Defense Acquisition University (DAU). Articles in this issue include: Strategic Planning and Management in Defense Systems Acquisition, Improving Program...

L. D. Ferreiro M. C. Redshaw

2013-01-01

209

Health related virtual communities and electronic support groups: systematic review of the effects of online peer to peer interactions  

PubMed Central

Objective To compile and evaluate the evidence on the effects on health and social outcomes of computer based peer to peer communities and electronic self support groups, used by people to discuss health related issues remotely. Design and data sources Analysis of studies identified from Medline, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Evidence Based Medicine Reviews, Electronics and Communications Abstracts, Computer and Information Systems Abstracts, ERIC, LISA, ProQuest Digital Dissertations, Web of Science. Selection of studies We searched for before and after studies, interrupted time series, cohort studies, or studies with control groups; evaluating health or social outcomes of virtual peer to peer communities, either as stand alone interventions or in the context of more complex systems with peer to peer components. Main outcome measures Peer to peer interventions and co-interventions studied, general characteristics of studies, outcome measures used, and study results. Results 45 publications describing 38 distinct studies met our inclusion criteria: 20 randomised trials, three meta-analyses of n of 1 trials, three non-randomised controlled trials, one cohort study, and 11 before and after studies. Only six of these evaluated “pure” peer to peer communities, and one had a factorial design with a “peer to peer only” arm, whereas 31 studies evaluated complex interventions, which often included psychoeducational programmes or one to one communication with healthcare professionals, making it impossible to attribute intervention effects to the peer to peer community component. The outcomes measured most often were depression and social support measures; most studies did not show an effect. We found no evidence to support concerns over virtual communities harming people. Conclusions No robust evidence exists of consumer led peer to peer communities, partly because most peer to peer communities have been evaluated only in conjunction with more complex interventions or involvement with health professionals. Given the abundance of unmoderated peer to peer groups on the internet, research is required to evaluate under which conditions and for whom electronic support groups are effective and how effectiveness in delivering social support electronically can be maximised.

Eysenbach, Gunther; Powell, John; Englesakis, Marina; Rizo, Carlos; Stern, Anita

2004-01-01

210

Peer Review, Program Officers and Science Funding  

PubMed Central

Increased competition for research funding has led to growth in proposal submissions and lower funding-success rates. An agent-based model of the funding cycle, accounting for variations in program officer and reviewer behaviors, for a range of funding rates, is used to assess the efficiency of different proposal-submission strategies. Program officers who use more reviewers and require consensus can improve the chances of scientists submitting fewer proposals. Selfish or negligent reviewers reduce the effectiveness of submitting more proposals, but have less influence as available funding declines. Policies designed to decrease proposal submissions reduce reviewer workload, but can lower the quality of funded proposals. When available funding falls below 10–15% in this model, the most effective strategy for scientists to maintain funding is to submit many proposals.

Roebber, Paul J.; Schultz, David M.

2011-01-01

211

48 CFR 201.170 - Peer reviews.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...for competitive procurements will be conducted in three phases for all solicitations valued at $1 billion or more...reviews for noncompetitive procurements will be conducted in two phases for new contract actions valued at $500 million or...

2013-10-01

212

Exploring Reviewer Reactions to Manuscripts Submitted to Academic Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper extends a previous study (Coniam, 2011) into a corpus of manuscript (MS) reviews conducted for the journal System by one reviewer in the eight-year period 2003-2011. The current paper highlights additional facets of the review process that focus on issues involving authors themselves. The study examines two related sets of research…

Coniam, David

2012-01-01

213

[Comment on ``Implementing the peer review process in AGU Publications'' The peer review process in JGR''Space Physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent Forum articles (Eos, October 23, 1984, p. 770), P.J. Baum and A.J. Dessler have commented on the peer review system as implemented in the Space Physics section of JGR. The issues they raise are important, and as current editor I welcome the opportunity to express my views on them.As is evident from the review form presently used in

B. U. ö. Sonnerup

1984-01-01

214

Reviewer acknowledgement 2013  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers A peer-reviewed journal would not survive without the generous time and insightful comments of the reviewers, whose efforts often go unrecognized. Journal of Medical Case Reports has been blessed by the support of highly-qualified peer reviewers, and the Editor-in-Chief, Michael Kidd, and staff of the journal would like to show their appreciation by thanking the following for their invaluable assistance with review of manuscripts for the journal in Volume 8 (2013).

2014-01-01

215

Dual-Use Review Policies of Biomedical Research Journals  

PubMed Central

To address biosecurity issues, government agencies, academic institutions, and professional societies have developed policies concerning the publication of “dual-use” biomedical research—that is, research that could be readily applied to cause significant harm to the public, the environment, or national security. We conducted an e-mail survey of life science journals to determine the percentage that have a dual-use policy. Of the 155 journals that responded to our survey (response rate 39%), only 7.7% stated that they had a written dual-use policy and only 5.8% said they had experience reviewing dual-use research in the past 5 years. Among the potential predictors we investigated, the one most highly associated with a journal having a written dual-use policy was membership in the Nature Publishing Group (positive association). When considered individually, both previous experience with reviewing dual-use research and the journal's impact factor appeared to be positively associated with having a written dual-use policy, but only the former remained significant after adjusting for publishing group. Although preventing the misuse of scientific research for terrorist or criminal purposes is an important concern, few biomedical journals have dual-use review policies. Journals that are likely to review research that raises potential dual-use concerns should consider developing dual-use policies.

Barner, Dionne D.; Dinse, Gregg E.

2011-01-01

216

Clinical peer review in the United States: history, legal development and subsequent abuse.  

PubMed

The Joint Commission on Accreditation requires hospitals to conduct peer review to retain accreditation. Despite the intended purpose of improving quality medical care, the peer review process has suffered several setbacks throughout its tenure. In the 1980s, abuse of peer review for personal economic interest led to a highly publicized multimillion-dollar verdict by the United States Supreme Court against the perpetrating physicians and hospital. The verdict led to decreased physician participation for fear of possible litigation. Believing that peer review was critical to quality medical care, Congress subsequently enacted the Health Care Quality Improvement Act (HCQIA) granting comprehensive legal immunity for peer reviewers to increase participation. While serving its intended goal, HCQIA has also granted peer reviewers significant immunity likely emboldening abuses resulting in Sham Peer Reviews. While legal reform of HCQIA is necessary to reduce sham peer reviews, further measures including the need for standardization of the peer review process alongside external organizational monitoring are critical to improving peer review and reducing the prevalence of sham peer reviews. PMID:24914357

Vyas, Dinesh; Hozain, Ahmed E

2014-06-01

217

Clinical peer review in the United States: History, legal development and subsequent abuse  

PubMed Central

The Joint Commission on Accreditation requires hospitals to conduct peer review to retain accreditation. Despite the intended purpose of improving quality medical care, the peer review process has suffered several setbacks throughout its tenure. In the 1980s, abuse of peer review for personal economic interest led to a highly publicized multimillion-dollar verdict by the United States Supreme Court against the perpetrating physicians and hospital. The verdict led to decreased physician participation for fear of possible litigation. Believing that peer review was critical to quality medical care, Congress subsequently enacted the Health Care Quality Improvement Act (HCQIA) granting comprehensive legal immunity for peer reviewers to increase participation. While serving its intended goal, HCQIA has also granted peer reviewers significant immunity likely emboldening abuses resulting in Sham Peer Reviews. While legal reform of HCQIA is necessary to reduce sham peer reviews, further measures including the need for standardization of the peer review process alongside external organizational monitoring are critical to improving peer review and reducing the prevalence of sham peer reviews.

Vyas, Dinesh; Hozain, Ahmed E

2014-01-01

218

EMCRO - An Evaluation of Experimental Medical Care Review Organizations: Criteria in Peer Review.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One of the most significant outputs of the EMCRO program, funded by the National Center for Health Services Research, has been the peer review criteria developed by the various EMCRO projects. Although sixteen EMCRO projects were funded, this volume analy...

1974-01-01

219

[Comment on ``Implementing the peer review process in AGU publications'' and ``JGR peer review suggestion''] publish rejections  

Microsoft Academic Search

The discussions of the review process by Baum [1984] and Dessler [1984] have been of considerable interest to me, as was the comment of Baker [1985]. These letters are particularly applicable to my situation because for more than 5 years, I have tried to publish (in two AGU journals and elsewhere) what has proven to be a controversial idea: Namely,

James N. Murdock

1987-01-01

220

Teaching undergraduates the process of peer review: learning by doing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An active approach allowed undergraduates in Health Sciences to learn the dynamics of peer review at first hand. A four-stage process was used. In stage 1, students formed self-selected groups to explore specific issues. In stage 2, each group posted their interim reports online on a specific date. Each student read all the other reports and prepared detailed critiques. In stage 3, each report was discussed at sessions where the lead discussant was selected at random. All students participated in the peer review process. The written critiques were collated and returned to each group, who were asked to resubmit their revised reports within 2 wk. In stage 4, final submissions accompanied by rebuttals were graded. Student responses to a questionnaire were highly positive. They recognized the individual steps in the standard peer review, appreciated the complexities involved, and got a first-hand experience of some of the inherent variabilities involved. The absence of formal presentations and the opportunity to read each other's reports permitted them to study issues in greater depth.

2010-09-01

221

Contents Pages From Law Reviews and Other Scholarly Journals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Texas at Austin's Tarleton Law Library provides this simple and powerful current awareness tool to help law researchers keep abreast of articles in the over 750 law reviews and scholarly publications Tarleton receives. The library posts tables of contents for journals it has received within the past three months. Journals are listed alphabetically and organized in very broad geographic terms (US and non-US). Simple keyword searching is available. TLL provides document delivery of requested articles for a fee.

1998-01-01

222

Co-publication with Journal of Physics: Conference Series  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 11th European Conference on Applied Superconductivity (EUCAS'13) was held on 15–19 September 2013 in Genoa, Italy. A selection of papers, invited by the conference organisers and peer reviewed by the journal, are published here in a special issue of Superconductor Science and Technology. The proceedings, after peer review, are published in Journal of Physics: Conference Series.

2014-04-01

223

The Implications of Information Technology for Scientific Journal Publishing: A Literature Review  

NSF Publications Database

... The Implications of Information Technology for Scientific Journal Publishing: A Literature Review ... Hypertext Format The Implications of Information Technology for Scientific Journal Publishing: A ...

224

Peer Review in the Funding of Research in Higher Education: The Australian Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluated the peer review process used to fund Australian university research across all disciplines, relating peer reviews of 2,989 research proposals (6,233 external reviewers) to characteristics of the researchers and of reviewers. Findings lead to suggestions for improvement, especially that researcher-nominated reviewers should not be used…

Jayasinghe, Upali W.; Marsh, Herbert W.; Bond, Nigel

2001-01-01

225

Turning Lemons into LemonadeWhere Is the Value in Peer Reviews?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Authors need to view reviewers’ comments not as judgments about the value of their work, but as good data about potential readers of their articles. The editorial review process does have deficiencies, the most serious being that reviewers should decide what articles warrant publication. “Peer review” should mean that reviewers and authors are indeed peers. However, editors typically act as

William H. Starbuck

2003-01-01

226

CytoJournal joins 'open access' philosophy  

PubMed Central

Welcome to CytoJournal! We would like to introduce you to your journal, one that is run by and for the scientific cytopathology community with incontestable benefits of Open Access, and support from Cytopathology Foundation, Inc. CytoJournal is a peer-reviewed, PubMed indexed, online journal, publishing research in the field of cytopathology and related areas, with world wide free access. Authors submitting to CytoJournal retain the copyright to their hard earned work.

Shidham, Vinod B; Cafaro, Anthony; Atkinson, Barbara F

2004-01-01

227

What errors do peer reviewers detect, and does training improve their ability to detect them?  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective To analyse data from a trial and report the frequencies with which major and minor errors are detected at a general medical journal, the types of errors missed and the impact of training on error detection. Design 607 peer reviewers at the BMJ were randomized to two intervention groups receiving different types of training (face-to-face training or a self-taught package) and a control group. Each reviewer was sent the same three test papers over the study period, each of which had nine major and five minor methodological errors inserted. Setting BMJ peer reviewers. Main outcome measures The quality of review, assessed using a validated instrument, and the number and type of errors detected before and after training. Results The number of major errors detected varied over the three papers. The interventions had small effects. At baseline (Paper 1) reviewers found an average of 2.58 of the nine major errors, with no notable difference between the groups. The mean number of errors reported was similar for the second and third papers, 2.71 and 3.0, respectively. Biased randomization was the error detected most frequently in all three papers, with over 60% of reviewers rejecting the papers identifying this error. Reviewers who did not reject the papers found fewer errors and the proportion finding biased randomization was less than 40% for each paper. Conclusions Editors should not assume that reviewers will detect most major errors, particularly those concerned with the context of study. Short training packages have only a slight impact on improving error detection.

Schroter, Sara; Black, Nick; Evans, Stephen; Godlee, Fiona; Osorio, Lyda; Smith, Richard

2008-01-01

228

Exploring the impact of journal clubs: a systematic review.  

PubMed

There is a significant gap between the knowledge available about effective clinical practice and what is actually applied (Parkes et al., 2004, Seymour et al., 2003; Sherratt, 2005; McQueen et al., 2006). McMahon (1997) suggests that journal clubs are a particularly good method of exposing practitioners to current literature. Doubt has been cast on the transferability of thinking from classroom to practice (Soden and Halliday, 2000) and the lack of attention as to how knowledge expertise is transferred to problem solving (Soden and Pithers, 2001). The journal club is proposed as a means to address the theory-to-practice gap using the basic components involved in the process of evidence based medicine/practice [EBM (P)]. The literature search covered the period 1992 to 2009. Studies focusing upon outcomes of actual journal clubs that impacted upon participants in terms of increased research awareness, knowledge, skills and enhanced care delivery, were reviewed. Sixteen studies met review inclusion criteria. The review draws from the strengths of journal clubs to recommend the multidisciplinary work based journal club, as a cost effective way of enhancing practitioner capability. PMID:21247668

Honey, Christopher P; Baker, John A

2011-11-01

229

References that anyone can edit: review of Wikipedia citations in peer reviewed health science literature  

PubMed Central

Objectives To examine indexed health science journals to evaluate the prevalence of Wikipedia citations, identify the journals that publish articles with Wikipedia citations, and determine how Wikipedia is being cited. Design Bibliometric analysis. Study selection Publications in the English language that included citations to Wikipedia were retrieved using the online databases Scopus and Web of Science. Data sources To identify health science journals, results were refined using Ulrich’s database, selecting for citations from journals indexed in Medline, PubMed, or Embase. Using Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Reports, 2011 impact factors were collected for all journals included in the search. Data extraction Resulting citations were thematically coded, and descriptive statistics were calculated. Results 1433 full text articles from 1008 journals indexed in Medline, PubMed, or Embase with 2049 Wikipedia citations were accessed. The frequency of Wikipedia citations has increased over time; most citations occurred after December 2010. More than half of the citations were coded as definitions (n=648; 31.6%) or descriptions (n=482; 23.5%). Citations were not limited to journals with a low or no impact factor; the search found Wikipedia citations in many journals with high impact factors. Conclusions Many publications are citing information from a tertiary source that can be edited by anyone, although permanent, evidence based sources are available. We encourage journal editors and reviewers to use caution when publishing articles that cite Wikipedia.

2014-01-01

230

Reviewer Acknowledgement 2013  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers A peer-reviewed journal would not survive without the generous time and insightful comments of the reviewers, whose efforts often go unrecognized. Systematic Reviews has been blessed by the support of highly-qualified peer reviewers, and the Editors-in-Chief, David Moher, Lesley Stewart and Paul Shekelle, and staff of the journal would like to show their appreciation by thanking the following for their invaluable assistance with review of manuscripts for the journal in Volume 2 (2013).

2014-01-01

231

Social Experiences with Peers and High School Graduation: A Review of Theoretical and Empirical Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews theoretical and empirical work on the relations between child and adolescent peer experiences and high school graduation. First, the different developmental models that guide research in this domain will be explained. Then, descriptions of peer experiences at the group level (peer acceptance/rejection, victimisation, and crowd…

Veronneau, Marie-Helene; Vitaro, Frank

2007-01-01

232

To Propose a Reviewer Dispatching Algorithm for Networked Peer Assessment System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite their increasing availability on the Internet, networked peer assessment systems (1-5) lack feasible automatic dispatching algorithm of student's assignments and ultimately inhibit the effectiveness of peer assessment. Therefore, this study presents a reviewer dispatching algorithm capable of supporting networked peer assessment system in…

Liu, Eric Zhi-Feng

2005-01-01

233

Teleconference versus Face-to-Face Scientific Peer Review of Grant Application: Effects on Review Outcomes  

PubMed Central

Teleconferencing as a setting for scientific peer review is an attractive option for funding agencies, given the substantial environmental and cost savings. Despite this, there is a paucity of published data validating teleconference-based peer review compared to the face-to-face process. Our aim was to conduct a retrospective analysis of scientific peer review data to investigate whether review setting has an effect on review process and outcome measures. We analyzed reviewer scoring data from a research program that had recently modified the review setting from face-to-face to a teleconference format with minimal changes to the overall review procedures. This analysis included approximately 1600 applications over a 4-year period: two years of face-to-face panel meetings compared to two years of teleconference meetings. The average overall scientific merit scores, score distribution, standard deviations and reviewer inter-rater reliability statistics were measured, as well as reviewer demographics and length of time discussing applications. The data indicate that few differences are evident between face-to-face and teleconference settings with regard to average overall scientific merit score, scoring distribution, standard deviation, reviewer demographics or inter-rater reliability. However, some difference was found in the discussion time. These findings suggest that most review outcome measures are unaffected by review setting, which would support the trend of using teleconference reviews rather than face-to-face meetings. However, further studies are needed to assess any correlations among discussion time, application funding and the productivity of funded research projects.

Gallo, Stephen A.; Carpenter, Afton S.; Glisson, Scott R.

2013-01-01

234

SO2 SCRUBBING TECHNOLOGIES: A REVIEW: JOURNAL ARTICLE  

EPA Science Inventory

NRMRL-RTP-P-585 Srivastava*, R.K., Jozewicz, W., and Singer, C. SO2 Scrubbing Technologies: a Review. Environmental Progress 20 (4):219-227 (2001). EPA/600/J-02/022, Available: Environmental Progress (journal), http://www.aiche.org/publications/tocs/issuedtl.asp, [NET]. 03...

235

Reviews of Instructional Software in Scholarly Journals: A Selected Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography lists reviews of more than 100 instructional software packages, which are arranged alphabetically by discipline. Information provided for each entry includes the topical emphasis, type of software (i.e., simulation, tutorial, analysis tool, test generator, database, writing tool, drill, plotting tool, videodisc), the journal

Bantz, David A.; And Others

236

Issues of cultural appropriateness and pedagogical efficacy: exploring peer review in a second language writing class  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a study designed to investigate (a) whether peer review is an effective pedagogical activity with adult\\u000a Chinese students in the teaching of second language (L2) academic writing and (b) how factors such as perceptions of the influence\\u000a of peer reviewers’ L2 proficiency, previous experience with peer review, feedback preferences, and culturally-based beliefs\\u000a and practices relate to

Guangwei Hu; Sandra Tsui Eu Lam

2010-01-01

237

Peer-review in a world with rational scientists: Toward selection of the average  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the virtues of peer review is that it provides a self-regulating\\u000aselection mechanism for scientific work, papers and projects. Peer review as a\\u000aselection mechanism is hard to evaluate in terms of its efficiency. Serious\\u000aefforts to understand its strengths and weaknesses have not yet lead to clear\\u000aanswers. In theory peer review works if the involved parties

Stefan Thurner; Rudolf Hanel

2010-01-01

238

External Peer Review Team Report Underground Testing Area Subproject for Frenchman Flat, Revision 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

An external peer review was conducted to review the groundwater models used in the corrective action investigation stage of the Underground Test Area (UGTA) subproject to forecast zones of potential contamination in 1,000 years for the Frenchman Flat area. The goal of the external peer review was to provide technical evaluation of the studies and to assist in assessing the

Sam Marutzky

2010-01-01

239

Critical Review of a Journal Article: An Assessment Activity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students receive a "Dear Colleague" letter requesting the review of a journal article in the same format as would be received from an Assistant Editor of a major scholarly journal. The letter outlines the requirements of the review and the due date. Students also receive the review forms typically provided by a given journal (I've provided forms from the Geological Society of America Bulletin and American Mineralogist for use in an upper division course in Mineralogy, Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology. The GSA Bulletin form is better suited for manuscripts that report on articles that have a significant field or tectonic component; the American Mineralogist form is better suited for articles that focus on more analytical, theoretical, or computational applications in mineralogy and petrology. In an upper division petrology class, I typically select articles for review that integrate numerous aspects of topics we've recently covered in class; tectonic setting, field relations, petrography, whole-rock geochemistry, geo- and thermochronology, mineral chemistry (for PTt calculations), stable isotope geochemistry, etc. My goal is to help students see how these multiple lines of evidence must be integrated into a coherent geologic interpretation of geologic process or history. Modify the letter with the request for review and review forms to emphasize the particular course goals, content, and expectations for your own course.

Mogk, Dave

240

Nevada Risk Assessment/Management Program scientific peer review  

SciTech Connect

The 1,350 square-mile Nevada Test Site and additional sites in Nevada served as the continental sites for US nuclear weapons testing from 1951 to 1992. The Nevada Risk Assessment/Management Program (NRAMP) is a currently on-going effort of the Harry Reid Center for Environmental Studies at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) and the firm of E. J. Bentz and Associates, Inc., in cooperation with the US Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Management Program. Argonne National Laboratory is one of several public and private organizations supporting personnel appointed by the NRAMP to the NRAMP Scientific Peer Review Panel. The NRAMP is part of a national effort by the DOE to develop new sources of information and approaches to risk assessment, risk management, risk communication, and public outreach relevant to the ecological and human health effects of radioactive and hazardous materials management and site remediation activities. This paper describes the development, conduct, and current results of the scientific peer review process which supports the goals of the NRAMP.

Bentz, E.J. Jr.; Bentz, C.B.; O`Hora, T.D. [E.J. Bentz and Associates, Inc., Alexandria, VA (United States); Chen, S.Y. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Environmental Assessment Div.

1997-04-01

241

Selection of Journals for Index Medicus: A Historical Review  

PubMed Central

From the inception of the first Index Medicus, published in 1879, to the present, the National Library of Medicine has been concerned with the quality of journals in the Index. The Library has, therefore, sought advice repeatedly on how best to maintain currency of the Index without sacrificing quality and subject matter balance. Responding to suggestions, the Library decided in June 1964 to base its selection of journals on recommendations made by a panel consisting primarily of extramural consultants widely regarded as specialists in the totality of biomedical literature. Beginning with its first meeting in September 1964, this panel has been fortified in its reviews by advice from subject matter specialists. The panel, by its own wishes, which bear the endorsement of the Board of Regents of the Library, will continue to rely heavily on such expert advice in future evaluations of journals.

Karel, Leonard

1967-01-01

242

Reviewer Acknowledgement 2013  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers A peer-reviewed journal would not survive without the generous time and insightful comments of the reviewers, whose efforts often go unrecognized. Trials has been blessed by the support of highly-qualified peer reviewers, and the Editors-in-Chief, Doug Altman, Curt Furberg and Jeremy Grimshaw, and staff of the journal would like to show their appreciation by thanking the following for their invaluable assistance with review of manuscripts for the journal in Volume 14 (2013).

2014-01-01

243

Letter of Appreciation to 2004 Journal of Optical Networking Reviewers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The international scientific and engineering professions rely on the work of countless reviewers to ensure the quality of the research published in technical journals. Like all such journals, JON benefits from the tireless efforts of these volunteers. Below is a list of 2004 JON reviewers who have agreed to have their names published. We sincerely thank these reviewers, as well as those not listed, for their assistance to JON and praise them for their dedication to their profession. The system simply would not work without them. Charalambos Anastassiou Ivan Andonovic Nirwan Ansari Chris Bintjas Martin Birk Zoran Bojkovic Xiren Cao Yang Cao Calvin C.K. Chan Yongmao Chang Yang Chen Kwok-Wai Cheung Nim-Kwan Cheung Su Fong Chien Wilson Chu Yun Chung Tibor Cinkler Ignacio de Miguel Jiun S. Deng Jitender Deogun H.J.S. Dorren Mark Feuer Samrat Ganguly

2005-02-01

244

New Journal of Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute of Physics & Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft will begin an all-electronic and peer-reviewed journal in physics later this year. New Journal of Physics will include full-length research articles pertaining to both pure and applied physics, theory and experiment, and interdisciplinary topics. It strives to be a scholarly journal of "rigorously refereed" papers and aims to publish data and results that use the features of the electronic medium. The journal's website provides a listing of receiving editors as well as guide for authors. Detailed instructions on how to submit papers are available at the site.

245

Adolescent peer group identification and characteristics: A review of the literature  

PubMed Central

This study provides an exhaustive review of 44 peer-reviewed quantitative or qualitative data-based peer-reviewed studies completed on adolescent peer group identification. Adolescent peer group identification is one’s self-perceived or other-perceived membership in discrete teenage peer groups. The studies reviewed suggest that adolescent peer groups consist of five general categories differentiable by lifestyle characteristics: Elites, Athletes, Academics, Deviants, and Others. We found that the Deviant adolescent group category reported relatively greater participation in drug use and other problem behaviors across studies, whereas Academics and Athletes exhibited the least participation in these problem behaviors. Additional research is needed in this arena to better understand the operation of adolescent group labels.

Sussman, Steve; Pokhrel, Pallav; Ashmore, Richard D.; Brown, B. Bradford

2011-01-01

246

Open Review in Science Journals Gets Mixed Reviews  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports an open-access journal from the Public Library of Science that has begun an online publication, offering all readers the opportunity to post comments. The site is in trial status, but registered readers will soon be able to rate each article on merit. The idea is that the best papers will bubble to the top; the wisdom of the…

Brown, Susan

2007-01-01

247

Portable Common Execution Environment (PCEE) project review: Peer review  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of the review was to conduct an independent, in-depth analysis of the PCEE project and to provide the results of said review. The review team was tasked with evaluating the potential contribution of the PCEE project to the improvement of the life cycle support of mission and safety critical (MASC) computing components for large, complex, non-stop, distributed systems similar to those planned for such NASA programs as the space station, lunar outpost, and manned missions to Mars. Some conclusions of the review team are as follow: The PCEE project was given high marks for its breath of vision on the overall problem with MASC software; Correlated with the sweeping vision, the Review Team is very skeptical that any research project can successfully attack such a broad range of problems; and several recommendations are made such as to identify the components of the broad solution envisioned, prioritizing them with respect to their impact and the likely ability of the PCEE or others to attack them successfully, and to rewrite its Concept Document differentiating the problem description, objectives, approach, and results so that the project vision becomes assessible to others.

Locke, C. Douglass

1991-01-01

248

Necessary Social Skills Related to Peer Acceptance. Review of Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Differentiates behaviors of peer-rejected and peer-neglected children at the early childhood level. Offers suggestions for teaching alternative behaviors to aggressive or withdrawn children, direct entry behaviors, positive responses to peers' initiation, verbal assertiveness, engagement in complex pretend play, and ways to show positive affection…

Kim, Yanghee A.

2003-01-01

249

A Systematic Review of Tools that Support Peer Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer assessment is a powerful educational technique that provides significant benefits to both staff and students. Traditionally, peer assessment has been conducted using pen-and-paper in small classes. More recently, online tools have been developed to enable peer assessment to be applied in large class. In this article, the tools that support…

Luxton-Reilly, Andrew

2009-01-01

250

Peer Functioning in Children with AD/HD: A Review of Current Understanding and Intervention Options  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review critically evaluates the existing research literature on the peer relationship problems of children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Empirical evidence suggests that children with the disorder are severely impaired in the social area and strongly rejected by peers. The purposes of this article are to provide a review of…

Ozdemir, Selda

2009-01-01

251

DOE Hydrogen Program: 2010 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Report  

SciTech Connect

This document summarizes the comments provided by peer reviewers on hydrogen and fuel cell projects presented at the FY 2010 U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting (AMR), held June 7-11, 2010 in Washington, D.C.

Not Available

2010-12-01

252

Blog Comments vs. Peer Review: Which Way Makes a Book Better?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What if scholarly books were peer reviewed by anonymous blog comments rather than by traditional, selected peer reviewers? This is the question posed by an unusual experiment that was started recently by Noah Wardrip-Fruin, an an assistant professor of communication at the University of California at San Diego. His experiment was started after his…

Young, Jeffrey R.

2008-01-01

253

Content and communication: How can peer review provide helpful feedback about the writing?  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Peer review is assumed to improve the quality of research reports as tools for scientific communication, yet strong evidence that this outcome is obtained consistently has been elusive. Failure to distinguish between aspects of discipline-specific content and aspects of the writing or use of language may account for some deficiencies in current peer review processes. DISCUSSION: The process and

Karen Shashok

2008-01-01

254

Peer Review in the National Science Foundation: Phase One of a Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported is phase one of a study to determine how peer review (the evaluation of proposals for research by experts in the scientific disciplines concerned) works. Data used in this phase of the study include in-depth interviews with 70 scientists who have been involved at all points in the peer review system as well as on data from files of the…

Cole, Stephen; And Others

255

76 FR 4113 - Independent Scientific Peer Review Panel Meeting on an In Vitro  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Scientific Peer Review Panel Meeting on an In Vitro Estrogen Receptor Transcriptional Activation...Scientific Peer Review Panel Meeting on an In Vitro Estrogen Receptor Transcriptional Activation...supreg] ER (BG1Luc ER TA), an in vitro transcriptional activation (TA)...

2011-01-24

256

Could Peer Review Inadvertently Lead to "Educational Malpractice"? Lessons from Clinical Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

States that teachers should consider developments in clinical psychology toward manualized, prescriptive treatments for specific diagnoses when considering recommendations of the American Association for Higher Education for peer review and communization of teaching. Explains that peer review and communization of teaching could lead to educational…

Pomerantz, Andrew M.

2000-01-01

257

Social Workers' Attitudes toward Peer-Reviewed Literature: The Evidence Base  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social workers from one state chapter of the National Association of Social Workers were surveyed to assess their use of and attitudes toward the peer-reviewed literature and their engagement in evidence-based practice. Results reveal that, in general, the practitioners in this study did not read the peer-reviewed literature, particularly articles…

Knight, Carolyn

2013-01-01

258

Original Research and Peer Review Using Web-Based Collaborative Tools by College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Environmental Inquiry program supports inquiry based, student-centered science teaching on selected topics in the environmental sciences. Many teachers are unfamiliar with both the underlying science of toxicology, and the process and importance of peer review in scientific method. The protocol and peer review process was tested with college…

Cakir, Mustafa; Carlsen, William S.

2007-01-01

259

Improving the Peer-Review Process for Grant Applications: Reliability, Validity, Bias, and Generalizability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review is a gatekeeper, the final arbiter of what is valued in academia, but it has been criticized in relation to traditional psychological research criteria of reliability, validity, generalizability, and potential biases. Despite a considerable literature, there is surprisingly little sound peer-review research examining these criteria or strategies for improving the process. This article summarizes the authors' research program

Herbert W. Marsh; Upali W. Jayasinghe; Nigel W. Bond

2008-01-01

260

Journal of Statistics Education (Last reviewed in the Scout Report on July 19, 2002)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published since 1993, the Journal of Statistics Education (JSE) is a publication of the American Statistical Association. Given the wide range of material found within its pages (both virtual and print), it can truly be considered one of the most important resources available for those who wish to make the world of statistics lucid for their students and others. Visitors can wander through the current issue and view full-length peer-reviewed articles and also check out some of their departments, which include "Teaching Bits" and "Datasets and Stories". Recent articles have included "Critical Values and Transforming Data: Teaching Statistics with Social Justice" and "Probability in Action: The Red Traffic Light". Those who feel up to the challenge may wish to contact the editors and submit their own work for inclusion in a forthcoming volume, or just to send along suggestions and comments.

261

Peer reviewing critical care: a pragmatic approach to quality management  

PubMed Central

Critical care medicine frequently involves decisions and measures that may result in significant consequences for patients. In particular, mistakes may directly or indirectly derive from daily routine processes. In addition, consequences may result from the broader pharmaceutical and technological treatment options, which frequently involve multidimensional aspects. The increasing complexity of pharmaceutical and technological properties must be monitored and taken into account. Besides the presence of various disciplines involved, the provision of 24-hour care requires multiple handovers of significant information each day. Immediate expert action that is well coordinated is just as important as a professional handling of medicine's limitations. Intensivists are increasingly facing professional quality management within the ICU (Intensive Care Unit). This article depicts a practical and effective approach to this complex topic and describes external evaluation of critical care according to peer reviewing processes, which have been successfully implemented in Germany and are likely to gain in significance.

Braun, Jan-Peter; Bause, Hanswerner; Bloos, Frank; Geldner, Gotz; Kastrup, Marc; Kuhlen, Ralf; Markewitz, Andreas; Martin, Jorg; Mende, Hendrik; Quintel, Michael; Steinmeier-Bauer, Klaus; Waydhas, Christian; Spies, Claudia

2010-01-01

262

Peer Review of Teaching: Lessons Learned from the University of Kentucky  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Kentucky Department of Agronomy instituted a system of peer review of teaching in 1996. Professors observe the teaching of their peers with the intent of helping one another improve. Reviews usually include a preliminary meeting between the instructor and two reviewers, several in-class visits, some analysis of classroom materials, and a wrap-up meeting. The peer review program now has met with cautious but general approval from participating faculty. By spring 1999, reviews were completed for 20 classes, 15 of which are considered in this analysis.

Bhavsar, Victoria; Grabau, Larry

263

Relating patenting and peer-review publications: an extended perspective on the vascular health and risk management literature  

PubMed Central

Purpose: This investigation identifies patent applications published under the international Patent Convention Treaty between July 2010 and January 2011 in three significant fields of vascular risk management (arterial hypertension, atherosclerosis, and aneurysms) and investigates whether the inventors have also published peer reviewed papers directly describing their claimed invention. Results: Out of only 48 patent documents that specifically addressed at least one of the above-mentioned fields, 15 had immediate companion papers of which 13 were published earlier than the corresponding patent applications; the majority of these papers were published by noncorporate patentees. Although the majority of patent applications (30 documents) had at least one corporate assignee, 18 came from academic environments. As expected, medical devices dominated in the aneurysm segment while pharmacology dominated hypertension and atherosclerosis. Conclusion: Although information related to hypertension, atherosclerosis, or aneurysms that was claimed in international patent applications reached the public quicker through the corresponding peer review document if one was published, more than two-thirds of the patent applications had no such companion paper in a scientific journal. The patent literature, which is freely available online as full text, offers information to scientists and developers in the fields of vascular risk management that is not available from the peer reviewed literature.

Mucke, Hermann AM

2011-01-01

264

CSIRO Publishing Electronic Edition Journals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CSIRO Publishing, the Australian scientific and technical journal publisher, has recently introduced limited-time free electronic access to eight scholarly journals (Adobe Acrobat [.pdf] format only). The journals cover the fields of botany, agriculture, physics, zoology, soil research, plant physiology, and wildlife research; 1997 issues only are available at this time. In the next few months, five more journals are scheduled to come online, and all will be freely accessible at the site during 1997. After this, access will be restricted to subscribers. CSIRO journals "present the latest research by leading Australian and overseas scientists..., cover a wide range of sciences, [and]... are peer reviewed with a broad international readership."

1997-01-01

265

Do Peers Matter? A Review of Peer and/or Friends' Influence on Physical Activity among American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This systematic review investigated the relationship between peer and/or friend variables and physical activity among adolescents by synthesising cross-sectional, longitudinal, and experimental research conducted in the US. Seven electronic databases were searched to identify related articles published within the last 10 years and the articles…

Fitzgerald, Amanda; Fitzgerald, Noelle; Aherne, Cian

2012-01-01

266

A review of journal clubs in postgraduate medical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To review the goals, organization, and teaching methods of journal clubs, summarize elements of successful clubs, and evaluate\\u000a their effect on reading habits, and effectiveness in meeting teaching goals. Examples of clubs that utilize principles of\\u000a adult learning are reviewed.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a DATA SOURCES: English language articles identified through a MEDLINE search (1966–1997) using the MeSH terms “internship” and “residency,”\\u000a and

Patrick C. Alguire

1998-01-01

267

Thermophysical properties of uranium dioxide - Version 0 for peer review  

SciTech Connect

Data on thermophysical properties of solid and liquid UO{sub 2} have been reviewed and critically assessed to obtain consistent thermophysical property recommendations for inclusion in the International Nuclear Safety Center Database on the World Wide Web (http://www.insc.anl.gov.). Thermodynamic properties that have been assessed are enthalpy, heat capacity, melting point, enthalpy of fusion, thermal expansion, density, surface tension, and vapor pressure. Transport properties that have been assessed are thermal conductivity, thermal diffusivity, viscosity, and emissivity. Summaries of the recommendations with uncertainties and detailed assessments for each property are included in this report and in the International Nuclear Safety Center Database for peer review. The assessments includes a review of the experiments and data, an examination of previous recommendations, the basis for selecting recommendations, a determination of uncertainties, and a comparison of recommendations with data and with previous recommendations. New data and research that have led to new recommendations include thermal expansion and density measurements of solid and liquid UO{sub 2}, derivation of physically-based equations for the thermal conductivity of solid UO{sub 2}, measurements of the heat capacity of liquid UO{sub 2}, and measurements and analysis of the thermal conductivity of liquid UO{sub 2}.

Fink, J.K.; Petri, M.C.

1997-02-01

268

Selection of research fellowship recipients by committee peer review. Reliability, fairness and predictive validity of Board of Trustees' decisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary In science, peer review is the best-established method of assessing manuscripts for publication and applications for research fellowships and grants. However, the fairness of peer review, its reliability and whether it achieves its aim to select the best science and scientists has often been questioned. The paper presents the first comprehensive study on committee peer review for the selection

Lutz Bornmann; Hans-dieter Daniel

2005-01-01

269

Teachers Evaluating Teachers. Peer Review and the New Unionism. Studies in Social Philosophy and Policy, No. 20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines peer review, a prominent feature of the new unionism, relying heavily on peer review programs in Columbus and Toledo, Ohio. Peer review encompasses various procedures by which teachers and their unions can exercise more responsibility for improving teacher performance and terminating the services of teachers who do not perform…

Lieberman, Myron

270

75 FR 7522 - Peer Review, Conflict of Interest and Disclosure Form; Request for the Office of Management and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review on December 15, 2004...Sciences (NAS) when selecting peer reviewers who are not Government...conflict exists for a potential peer review panel member. II. Special...for ``influential scientific assessments;'' and 1 hour for...

2010-02-19

271

76 FR 55384 - External Peer Review Meeting for the Draft Guidance of Applying Quantitative Data To Develop Data...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...register to attend this peer review meeting as observers...internet on the Risk Assessment Forum Web page (http...comments from the external peer review meeting along...reference the ``DDEF Peer Review Meeting'' and...Michael W. Broder, Risk Assessment Forum, Office of...

2011-09-07

272

Publishing in Discipline-Specific Open Access Journals: Opportunities and Outreach for Librarians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Open access (OA) journals promote the opportunity for peer-reviewed journal articles to be freely accessible. In recent years, the number of OA journals has exploded in all disciplines. Previous studies have identified print-based pedagogical discipline-specific journals outside the field of Library and Information Science (LIS) for librarians to…

Tomaszewski, Robert; Poulin, Sonia; MacDonald, Karen I.

2013-01-01

273

On exemplary scientific conduct regarding submission of manuscripts to biomedical informatics journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the Editors of leading international biomedical informatics journals, the authors report on a recent pattern of improper manuscript submissions to journals in our field. As a guide for future authors, we describe ethical and pragmatic issues related to submitting work for peer-reviewed journal publication. We propose a coordinated approach to the problem that our respective journals will follow. This

Randolph A. Miller; Arie Hasman; Charles Safran; Reinhold Haux; Alexa T. Mccray; Torgny Groth; Edward H. Shortliffe

2006-01-01

274

The Two Paradigms of Education and the Peer Review of Teaching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article discusses how the two paradigms of education (Teaching-Centered and Learning-Centered) could affect the way faculty members are reviewed when undergoing peer review. The major challenge to fair and proper peer review arises from the need to review the growing number of instructors who conform to the Learning-Centered paradigm. Early preparation for peer review should help avoid the disjunction created by an unwitting mixture of Learning-Centered aims and Teaching-Centered methods. Reviewers must ascertain that the instructor under review possesses accurate and current knowledge of geoscience content, regardless of paradigm, and understand that the role of a reviewer interviewing a Teaching-Centered instructor is to obtain information on the instructor's teaching of the content. Conversely, the role of a reviewer in reviewing a Learning-Centered instructor is to obtain information on the student's learning of content and skills, including the skill of how to learn.

Mcmanus, Dean

2001-11-01

275

Journal of Inequalities in Pure and Applied Mathematics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the Research Group in Mathematical Inequalities and Applications at the Victoria University of Technology in Australia, the Journal of Inequalities in Pure and Applied Mathematics (JIPAM) is a new "peer-reviewed international journal in the theory of mathematical inequalities and their applications." The journal will be free-of-charge all year.

276

DOE Hydrogen Program: 2006 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes comments from the Peer Review Panel at the FY 2006 DOE Hydrogen Program Annual Merit Review, held on May 16-19, 2006, in Arlington, Virginia. The projects evaluated support the Department of Energy and President Bush's Hydrogen Initiative. The results of this merit review and peer evaluation are major inputs used by DOE to make funding decisions. Project areas include hydrogen production and delivery; hydrogen storage; fuel cells; technology validation; safety, codes and standards; education; and systems analysis.

Milliken, J.

2006-09-01

277

DOE Hydrogen Program: 2005 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes comments from the Peer Review Panel at the FY 2005 DOE Hydrogen Program Annual Merit Review, held on May 23-26, 2005, in Arlington, Virginia. The projects evaluated support the Department of Energy and President Bush's Hydrogen Initiative. The results of this merit review and peer evaluation are major inputs used by DOE to make funding decisions. Project areas include hydrogen production and delivery; hydrogen storage; fuel cells; technology validation; safety, codes and standards; education; and systems analysis.

Chalk, S. G.

2005-09-01

278

Power of Peer Review: An Online Collaborative Learning Assignment in Social Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a semester-long, peer review assignment, undergraduates enrolled in a social psychology course wrote essays that applied course concepts to life experiences. Students anonymously posted essays for the entire class to view, and peers posted commentaries on classmates' essays using an online discussion board. Students rated the assignment as…

Cathey, Christie

2007-01-01

279

Review and Reward within the Computerised Peer-Assessment of Essays  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article details the implementation and use of a "Review Stage" within the CAP (computerised assessment by peers) tool as part of the assessment process for a post-graduate module in e-learning. It reports upon the effect of providing the students with a "second chance" in marking and commenting their peers' essays having been able to view the…

Davies, Phil

2009-01-01

280

A workstation-integrated peer review quality assurance program: pilot study  

PubMed Central

Background The surrogate indicator of radiological excellence that has become accepted is consistency of assessments between radiologists, and the technique that has become the standard for evaluating concordance is peer review. This study describes the results of a workstation-integrated peer review program in a busy outpatient radiology practice. Methods Workstation-based peer review was performed using the software program Intelerad Peer Review. Cases for review were randomly chosen from those being actively reported. If an appropriate prior study was available, and if the reviewing radiologist and the original interpreting radiologist had not exceeded review targets, the case was scored using the modified RADPEER system. Results There were 2,241 cases randomly assigned for peer review. Of selected cases, 1,705 (76%) were interpreted. Reviewing radiologists agreed with prior reports in 99.1% of assessments. Positive feedback (score 0) was given in three cases (0.2%) and concordance (scores of 0 to 2) was assigned in 99.4%, similar to reported rates of 97.0% to 99.8%. Clinically significant discrepancies (scores of 3 or 4) were identified in 10 cases (0.6%). Eighty-eight percent of reviewed radiologists found the reviews worthwhile, 79% found scores appropriate, and 65% felt feedback was appropriate. Two-thirds of radiologists found case rounds discussing significant discrepancies to be valuable. Conclusions The workstation-based computerized peer review process used in this pilot project was seamlessly incorporated into the normal workday and met most criteria for an ideal peer review system. Clinically significant discrepancies were identified in 0.6% of cases, similar to published outcomes using the RADPEER system. Reviewed radiologists felt the process was worthwhile.

2013-01-01

281

The Question of Electronic Journals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the general issues associated with electronic journals and illustrates them with references to the products and projects that are available in the United Kingdom. Discusses issues for librarians, including costs and licensing; and issues for the information industry, including publisher competencies, peer review, and pricing structures.…

Rowley, Jennifer

2000-01-01

282

The Moral Education of Journal Editors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Refereed journals in science and medicine are the gatekeepers and repositories of knowledge in their respective fields. Research reported in peer-reviewed journals builds professional careers, determines which drugs and medical devices are licensed, influences what medical treatments become standards of care, and establishes the veracity of…

Krimsky, Sheldon

2010-01-01

283

Review of journal of cardiovascular magnetic resonance 2010  

PubMed Central

There were 75 articles published in the Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (JCMR) in 2010, which is a 34% increase in the number of articles since 2009. The quality of the submissions continues to increase, and the editors were delighted with the recent announcement of the JCMR Impact Factor of 4.33 which showed a 90% increase since last year. Our acceptance rate is approximately 30%, but has been falling as the number of articles being submitted has been increasing. In accordance with Open-Access publishing, the JCMR articles go on-line as they are accepted with no collating of the articles into sections or special thematic issues. Last year for the first time, the Editors summarized the papers for the readership into broad areas of interest or theme, which we felt would be useful to practitioners of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) so that you could review areas of interest from the previous year in a single article in relation to each other and other recent JCMR articles [1]. This experiment proved very popular with a very high rate of downloading, and therefore we intend to continue this review annually. The papers are presented in themes and comparison is drawn with previously published JCMR papers to identify the continuity of thought and publication in the journal. We hope that you find the open-access system increases wider reading and citation of your papers, and that you will continue to send your quality manuscripts to JCMR for publication.

2011-01-01

284

Review of journal of cardiovascular magnetic resonance 2010.  

PubMed

There were 75 articles published in the Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (JCMR) in 2010, which is a 34% increase in the number of articles since 2009. The quality of the submissions continues to increase, and the editors were delighted with the recent announcement of the JCMR Impact Factor of 4.33 which showed a 90% increase since last year. Our acceptance rate is approximately 30%, but has been falling as the number of articles being submitted has been increasing. In accordance with Open-Access publishing, the JCMR articles go on-line as they are accepted with no collating of the articles into sections or special thematic issues. Last year for the first time, the Editors summarized the papers for the readership into broad areas of interest or theme, which we felt would be useful to practitioners of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) so that you could review areas of interest from the previous year in a single article in relation to each other and other recent JCMR articles 1. This experiment proved very popular with a very high rate of downloading, and therefore we intend to continue this review annually. The papers are presented in themes and comparison is drawn with previously published JCMR papers to identify the continuity of thought and publication in the journal. We hope that you find the open-access system increases wider reading and citation of your papers, and that you will continue to send your quality manuscripts to JCMR for publication. PMID:21914185

Pennell, Dudley J; Firmin, David N; Kilner, Philip J; Manning, Warren J; Mohiaddin, Raad H; Prasad, Sanjay K

2011-01-01

285

SUMMARY REPORT OF THE PEER REVIEW WORKSHOP ON THE NEUROTOXICITY OF TETRACHLOROETHYLENE (PERCHLOROETHYLENE) DISCUSSION PAPER  

EPA Science Inventory

The report, Summary Report of the Peer Review Workshop on the Neurotoxicity of Tetrachloroethylene (Perchloroethylene) Discussion , summarizes the discussions at a February 25, 2004, workshop that brought together recognized scientific experts to engage in a public discussi...

286

42 CFR 52h.3 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

(a) To the extent applicable, the Federal Advisory Committee Act, as amended (5 U.S.C. appendix 2) and chapter 9 of the DHHS General Administration Manual 1 shall govern the establishment and operation of peer review groups....

2012-10-01

287

Scientific identity in top journals of services marketing: review and evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The objective of the paper is to describe the “scientific identity” of the “top” journals in services marketing by reviewing and evaluating the methodological approaches and the geographical affiliations of authors published in selected journals. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A sample of “top” journals in services marketing is selected on the basis of expert opinion. The selection includes the International

Göran Svensson; Terje Slåtten; Bård Tronvoll

2008-01-01

288

PeerReview Analysis and Re-evaluation for Accountability in Distributed Systems or Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Accountability implies that any entity should be held responsible for its own specific action or behavior so that the entity is part of a larger chain of accountability. PeerReview [1] is designed as a practical system that provides accountability for distributed systems. A key assumption in PeerReview is that a message sent from one correct node to another will be eventually received. In the real world, however, message loss is commonplace and unavoidable due to the dynamics and uncertainties of the current Internet, and it prevents a message from always reaching its destination. Beginning with this point, we have comprehensively analyzed the behavior of PeerReview with the assumption that, eventually, a message will probably be lost. We have shown that PeerReview would be unable to maintain its completeness and accuracy under such a circumstance. We present six possible errors and the causes from which they originate. We re-evaluated PeerReview with two newly defined metrics, Node Accountability and System Accountability, which are employed to assess the degree of system accountability. Simulation results show that message loss decreases the performance of PeerReview in terms of both metrics.

Xiao, Zhifeng; Xiao, Yang

289

Review of Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 2011  

PubMed Central

There were 83 articles published in the Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (JCMR) in 2011, which is an 11% increase in the number of articles since 2010. The quality of the submissions continues to increase. The editors had been delighted with the 2010 JCMR Impact Factor of 4.33, although this fell modestly to 3.72 for 2011. The impact factor undergoes natural variation according to citation rates of papers in the 2 years following publication, and is significantly influenced by highly cited papers such as official reports. However, we remain very pleased with the progress of the journal's impact over the last 5 years. Our acceptance rate is approximately 25%, and has been falling as the number of articles being submitted has been increasing. In accordance with Open-Access publishing, the JCMR articles go on-line as they are accepted with no collating of the articles into sections or special thematic issues. For this reason, the Editors feel it is useful to summarize the papers for the readership into broad areas of interest or theme, which we feel would be useful, so that areas of interest from the previous year can be reviewed in a single article in relation to each other and other recent JCMR articles [1]. The papers are presented in broad themes and set in context with related literature and previously published JCMR papers to guide continuity of thought in the journal. We hope that you find the open-access system increases wider reading and citation of your papers, and that you will continue to send your quality manuscripts to JCMR for publication.

2012-01-01

290

Review of Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 2012.  

PubMed

There were 90 articles published in the Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (JCMR) in 2012, which is an 8% increase in the number of articles since 2011. The quality of the submissions continues to increase. The editors are delighted to report that the 2011 JCMR Impact Factor (which is published in June 2012) has risen to 4.44, up from 3.72 for 2010 (as published in June 2011), a 20% increase. The 2011 impact factor means that the JCMR papers that were published in 2009 and 2010 were cited on average 4.44 times in 2011. The impact factor undergoes natural variation according to citation rates of papers in the 2 years following publication, and is significantly influenced by highly cited papers such as official reports. However, the progress of the journal's impact over the last 5 years has been impressive. Our acceptance rate is approximately 25%, and has been falling as the number of articles being submitted has been increasing. In accordance with Open-Access publishing, the JCMR articles go on-line as they are accepted with no collating of the articles into sections or special thematic issues. For this reason, the Editors have felt that it is useful once per calendar year to summarize the papers for the readership into broad areas of interest or theme, so that areas of interest can be reviewed in a single article in relation to each other and other recent JCMR articles. The papers are presented in broad themes and set in context with related literature and previously published JCMR papers to guide continuity of thought in the journal. We hope that you find the open-access system increases wider reading and citation of your papers, and that you will continue to send your quality manuscripts to JCMR for publication. PMID:24006874

Pennell, Dudley J; Baksi, A John; Carpenter, John Paul; Firmin, David N; Kilner, Philip J; Mohiaddin, Raad H; Prasad, Sanjay K

2013-01-01

291

Review of Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 2011.  

PubMed

There were 83 articles published in the Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (JCMR) in 2011, which is an 11% increase in the number of articles since 2010. The quality of the submissions continues to increase. The editors had been delighted with the 2010 JCMR Impact Factor of 4.33, although this fell modestly to 3.72 for 2011. The impact factor undergoes natural variation according to citation rates of papers in the 2 years following publication, and is significantly influenced by highly cited papers such as official reports. However, we remain very pleased with the progress of the journal's impact over the last 5 years. Our acceptance rate is approximately 25%, and has been falling as the number of articles being submitted has been increasing. In accordance with Open-Access publishing, the JCMR articles go on-line as they are accepted with no collating of the articles into sections or special thematic issues. For this reason, the Editors feel it is useful to summarize the papers for the readership into broad areas of interest or theme, which we feel would be useful, so that areas of interest from the previous year can be reviewed in a single article in relation to each other and other recent JCMR articles. The papers are presented in broad themes and set in context with related literature and previously published JCMR papers to guide continuity of thought in the journal. We hope that you find the open-access system increases wider reading and citation of your papers, and that you will continue to send your quality manuscripts to JCMR for publication. PMID:23158097

Pennell, Dudley J; Carpenter, John Paul; Firmin, David N; Kilner, Philip J; Mohiaddin, Raad H; Prasad, Sanjay K

2012-01-01

292

Review of Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 2012  

PubMed Central

There were 90 articles published in the Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (JCMR) in 2012, which is an 8% increase in the number of articles since 2011. The quality of the submissions continues to increase. The editors are delighted to report that the 2011 JCMR Impact Factor (which is published in June 2012) has risen to 4.44, up from 3.72 for 2010 (as published in June 2011), a 20% increase. The 2011 impact factor means that the JCMR papers that were published in 2009 and 2010 were cited on average 4.44 times in 2011. The impact factor undergoes natural variation according to citation rates of papers in the 2 years following publication, and is significantly influenced by highly cited papers such as official reports. However, the progress of the journal's impact over the last 5 years has been impressive. Our acceptance rate is approximately 25%, and has been falling as the number of articles being submitted has been increasing. In accordance with Open-Access publishing, the JCMR articles go on-line as they are accepted with no collating of the articles into sections or special thematic issues. For this reason, the Editors have felt that it is useful once per calendar year to summarize the papers for the readership into broad areas of interest or theme, so that areas of interest can be reviewed in a single article in relation to each other and other recent JCMR articles. The papers are presented in broad themes and set in context with related literature and previously published JCMR papers to guide continuity of thought in the journal. We hope that you find the open-access system increases wider reading and citation of your papers, and that you will continue to send your quality manuscripts to JCMR for publication.

2013-01-01

293

Journal of Evolution and Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Journal of Evolution and Technology (JET) is "a peer-reviewed electronic journal publishing contemporary research into future science and philosophy." It deals with somewhat edgy topics that are often avoided by mainstream journals. For example, a common theme is the relationship between the human brain and computers, questioning their respective computational capacity and evolution. Despite the unusual focus of the journal, its articles are contributed by reputable sources such as university faculty or members of research institutions. New issues are published as articles are accepted, and hence there are no set release dates.

2008-04-02

294

Discussion of Comments from a Peer Review of A Technique for Human Event Anlysis (ATHEANA)  

SciTech Connect

In May of 1998, a technical basis and implementation guidelines document for A Technique for Human Event Analysis (ATHEANA) was issued as a draft report for public comment (NUREG-1624). In conjunction with the release of draft NUREG- 1624, a peer review of the new human reliability analysis method its documentation and the results of an initial test of the method was held over a two-day period in June 1998 in Seattle, Washington. Four internationally known and respected experts in HK4 or probabilistic risk assessment were selected to serve as the peer reviewers. In addition, approximately 20 other individuals with an interest in HRA and ATHEANA also attended the peer and were invited to provide comments. The peer review team was asked to comment on any aspect of the method or the report in which improvements could be made and to discuss its strengths and weaknesses. They were asked to focus on two major aspects: Are the basic premises of ATHEANA on solid ground and is the conceptual basis adequate? Is the ATHEANA implementation process adequate given the description of the intended users in the documentation? The four peer reviewers asked questions and provided oral comments during the peer review meeting and provided written comments approximately two weeks after the completion of the meeting. This paper discusses their major comments.

Bley, D.C.; Cooper, S.E.; Forester, J.A.; Kolaczkowski, A.M.; Ramey-Smith, A,; Wreathall J.

1999-01-28

295

PEER REVIEW COMMENTS AND EPA'S RESPONSE FOR THE PROPOSED INDICATORS FOR THE U.S. EPA'S 2007 REPORT ON THE ENVIRONMENT: TECHNICAL DOCUMENT (EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW)  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of this site is to present the External Peer Review comments and EPA's responses, as well as to display the revised indicators that will be incorporated into EPA's 2007 Report on the Environment: Technical Document. Initially, proposed indicators and then a...

296

Peer Review and Scholarship for Curriculum and Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the author's experiences and developments as editor of this journal for 13 years. Considers his successes and his "failures"--business left undone. Points out directions for the future at the time of his resignation as editor. (SG)

Crook, James A.

2001-01-01

297

Conflicts of interest in medical science: peer usage, peer review and `CoI consultancy'  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, the perception has grown that conflicts of interest are having a detrimental effect on medical science as it influences health policy and clinical practice, leading medical journals to enforce self-declaration of potential biases in the attempt to counteract or compensate for the problem.Conflict of interest (CoI) declarations have traditionally been considered inappropriate in pure science since its

Bruce G Charlton

2004-01-01

298

Peer Attachment: A Meta-Analytic Review of Gender and Age Differences and Associations with Parent Attachment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In adolescence, peers represent key actors within individual social network. Given the relevance of peer connections and the growing literature examining them, the purpose of this article was to review, through a meta-analytic approach, studies on adolescent and youth peer relationships within the theoretical framework of attachment. First, we…

Gorrese, Anna; Ruggieri, Ruggero

2012-01-01

299

Studies presented in poster format at the annual meetings of the American Association Of Hip And Knee Surgeons: how do they fare in the peer review process?  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the eventual publication rates of poster presentations at the annual meetings of the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons from 1996 to 2001 (47%). Common belief expects poster presentations to publish at a lower rate than podium presentations, the latter being typically believed to consist of studies of higher scientific value. We hypothesized that this would lead to a lower incidence of eventual peer-reviewed literature publication for posters. Comparisons from an earlier report confirmed our analysis. Also, poster studies that did survive the peer review process were found in a wide array of journals and were found to publish within a relatively short amount of time (mean, 23.6 +/- 15.7 months). PMID:17823008

Yoon, Richard S; Lloyd, Eric W; McGrory, Brian; Bal, B Sonny; Macaulay, William

2007-09-01

300

Assessing the Quality of Reflection in Student Journals: A Review of the Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we review 11 research articles that examine the level of reflection found in student journals in higher education across a range of disciplines. Our review reveals little to no consistency in the research community around the mechanisms and process of assessing levels of reflection in student journals. Our analysis also reveals that…

Dyment, Janet E.; O'Connell, Timothy S.

2011-01-01

301

Peer Victimization and Pediatric Obesity: A Review of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Childhood obesity is associated with a variety of medical and psychosocial consequences. Children who are obese are at an increased risk of being victims of weight-based stigmatization by their peers. Negative views toward obese individuals may be expressed through children's friendship selections and expressed levels of overt (e.g., pushing,…

Gray, Wendy N.; Kahhan, Nicole A.; Janicke, David M.

2009-01-01

302

Reflections on a Transnational Peer Review of Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer observation of teaching often occurs at a local level or national level, seldom internationally. Victoria University, Australia, and Chinese institutions Henan University and Central University of Finance and Economics have a transnational partnership involving local students studying courses originating in Australia and Chinese students who…

Carolan, Lynne; Wang, Lijuan

2012-01-01

303

Calibrated Peer Review&trade: A Writing and Critical Thinking Instructional Tool  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CPR was developed on a research-based model. What do scientists and engineers do? Research begins with proposals.Scientists and engineers write research proposals and review peer proposals. Scientists and engineers do research andwrite and peer-review research manuscripts. Peer review plays a prominent role in the progress of science. Writing with anonymous peer review is thus the model for CPR. CPRis a comprehensive, web-delivered instructional tool, which not only promotes student understanding through writing but also develops student critical-thinking skills through theprocess of evaluation and reviewing. Because the program is web-delivered, computer-managed, and uses peer review,instructors can use the CPR program with any class size; students can do their assignments whereever they have webaccess; and administrators do not need to provide additional teaching resources for grading. This is a chapter in the section on Successful Pedagogies in the Course, Curriculum and Laboratory Improvement (CCLI) April 2004 conference proceedings published under the title Invention and Impact: Building Excellence in Undergraduate Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Education.

Arlene A. Russell (UCLA;)

2004-12-01

304

REPORT ON THE PEER REVIEW OF THE U.S. EPA'S "Perchlorate ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION: TOXICOLOGICAL REVIEW AND RISK CHARACTERIZATION (External Review Draft)" 2002  

EPA Science Inventory

This report summarizes the comments made at a two-day independent scientific peer review meeting on the Agency's draft assessment of health and ecotoxicological effects of perchlorate, entitled Perchlorate Environmental Contamination: Toxicological Review and Risk Characteriza...

305

International Journal of Molecular Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published online by MDPI (Molecular Diversity Preservation International), the International Journal of Molecular Sciences has posted its first issue as of January 2000. This peer-reviewed quarterly aims to provide "an advanced forum for chemistry, molecular physics (chemical physics and physical chemistry) and molecular biology," while also publishing reviews and short notes. The first issue is brief, and currently, the journal is calling for papers. The journal is free for the time being. To gain access, users are required send in an email to obtain a free user-ID and password.

306

International Journal of Molecular Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published online by MDPI (Molecular Diversity Preservation International), the International Journal of Molecular Sciences has posted its first issue as of January 2000. This peer-reviewed quarterly aims to provide "an advanced forum for chemistry, molecular physics (chemical physics and physical chemistry) and molecular biology," while also publishing reviews and short notes. The first issue is brief, and currently, the journal is calling for papers. The journal is free for the time being. To gain access, users are required send in an email to obtain a free user-ID and password.

2007-08-08

307

Reviewer acknowledgement  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers The Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine—which received its first Impact Factor in 2013—is extremely grateful for the time, hard work and support of its highly-qualified peer reviewers. The editors of the Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, the Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation and BioMed Central would like to show our appreciation by thanking the following people for their assistance reviewing manuscripts for the journal in 2013.

2014-01-01

308

Reviewer acknowledgement 2012  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers The editor of Reproductive Health would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 9 (2012). Peer review is essential to the reliable communication of science and we appreciate the effort and generosity of our reviewers who give their time to furthering the excellence and integrity of the journal.

2013-01-01

309

Medical students-as-teachers: a systematic review of peer-assisted teaching during medical school  

PubMed Central

Introduction International interest in peer-teaching and peer-assisted learning (PAL) during undergraduate medical programs has grown in recent years, reflected both in literature and in practice. There, remains however, a distinct lack of objective clarity and consensus on the true effectiveness of peer-teaching and its short- and long-term impacts on learning outcomes and clinical practice. Objective To summarize and critically appraise evidence presented on peer-teaching effectiveness and its impact on objective learning outcomes of medical students. Method A literature search was conducted in four electronic databases. Titles and abstracts were screened and selection was based on strict eligibility criteria after examining full-texts. Two reviewers used a standard review and analysis framework to independently extract data from each study. Discrepancies in opinions were resolved by discussion in consultation with other reviewers. Adapted models of “Kirkpatrick’s Levels of Learning” were used to grade the impact size of study outcomes. Results From 127 potential titles, 41 were obtained as full-texts, and 19 selected after close examination and group deliberation. Fifteen studies focused on student-learner outcomes and four on student-teacher learning outcomes. Ten studies utilized randomized allocation and the majority of study participants were self-selected volunteers. Written examinations and observed clinical evaluations were common study outcome assessments. Eleven studies provided student-teachers with formal teacher training. Overall, results suggest that peer-teaching, in highly selective contexts, achieves short-term learner outcomes that are comparable with those produced by faculty-based teaching. Furthermore, peer-teaching has beneficial effects on student-teacher learning outcomes. Conclusions Peer-teaching in undergraduate medical programs is comparable to conventional teaching when utilized in selected contexts. There is evidence to suggest that participating student-teachers benefit academically and professionally. Long-term effects of peer-teaching during medical school remain poorly understood and future research should aim to address this.

Yu, Tzu-Chieh; Wilson, Nichola C; Singh, Primal P; Lemanu, Daniel P; Hawken, Susan J; Hill, Andrew G

2011-01-01

310

Peer Review Organization Program Manual (HCFA PUB 19) Through Revision 61.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Peer Review Organization (PRO) Manual is a set of operating instructions designed to provide clarification and guidance to PROs in implementing and carrying out their required review functions. It serves as a guide to assist the PROs in meeting their ...

1996-01-01

311

Scaffolded Writing and Rewriting in the Discipline: A Web-Based Reciprocal Peer Review System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes how SWoRD (scaffolded writing and rewriting in the discipline), a web-based reciprocal peer review system, supports writing practice, particularly for large content courses in which writing is considered critical but not feasibly included. To help students gain content knowledge as well as writing and reviewing skills, SWoRD…

Cho, Kwangsu; Schunn, Christian D.

2007-01-01

312

Eliciting Informative Feedback in Peer Review: Importance of Problem-Specific Scaffolding  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In a controlled experiment using Comrade, a computer-supported peer review system, student reviewers offered feedback to student\\u000a authors on their written analyses of a problem scenario. In each condition, reviewers received a different type of rating\\u000a prompt: domain-related writing composition prompts or problem\\/issue specific prompts. We found that the reviewers were sensitive\\u000a to the type of rating prompts they saw

Ilya M. Goldin; Kevin D. Ashley

2010-01-01

313

Using Calibrated Peer Review in a Large General Education Oceanography Class  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The calibrated peer review method (developed by UCLA chemists: http://cpr.molsci.ucla.edu/) was implemented in the EarthEd Online software system and used during a winter quarter UCSB oceanography class consisting of about 70 students. The EarthEd Online software (http://oceanography.geol.ucsb.edu) provides student access to earth data, assignments, and grades. The calibrated peer review method is a system where students write their paper and ``hand it in" online. After the due date, they then review 3 papers that have been written by the instructor and scored according to a carefully developed rubric. The student scores the 3 instructor written papers and is prompted if his/her average score for each section of the paper is outside of preset limits. After the 3 ``calibration" papers have been scored, the student scores 3 peer papers and last, their own paper, according to the same rubric. A student may request that the instructor or teaching assistant grade her/his paper, for any reason. This method provides strong student motivation for evaluating example papers of various qualities, reading peer papers and noticing different writing styles, and evaluating their own work according to the guidelines set by the instructor. The assignment results in 2 scores. The first is the score for the quality of the paper and is based on the 3 peer reviews, weighted by the reviewer's mean square error from the rubric item scores. Instructor assigned scores over-ride peer scores. The second score is for the ``quality of the reviews." It is based on the student's rms error from the 3 calibration papers, the difference between the peer reviewed paper scores and its actual score, and the difference between the scoring of his/her own paper and its final score. The report screens in EarthEd Online allow the instructor to quickly identify papers where the student's own score varies significantly from the peer assigned score. These are graded by the teaching assistants or instructor. For the 4 written assignments, 61% to 75% of the peer scores were within 90% of score assigned by the student to her/his own paper. 15 to 20% of the papers were scored by the teaching assistants, with most adjustments less than 20%. Final exam scores also indicated increased student learning of general oceanography content.

Prothero, W. A.; Kelly, G.

2005-12-01

314

A Review of Trends in Journalism Education. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the lively debate and the plethora of terms used in the discussion, mass communication educators (at colleges and universities throughout the United States and the world) continue to struggle to define the direction journalism education should take. This Digest examines some of the "enduring issues" of journalism education: (1) the need to…

Brynildssen, Shawna

315

Learning through Publishing "The Pi Sigma Alpha Undergraduate Journal of Politics"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Publishing a research journal can be a rewarding and useful learning experience for undergraduate students. Drawing upon our experiences with "The Pi Sigma Alpha Undergraduate Journal of Politics," we describe the benefits of producing a peer-reviewed journal. Among the benefits we highlight are gains in political science knowledge, increased…

Bauer, Benjamin J.; Ogas, Whitney C.; Shakir, Omar R.; Oxley, Zoe M.; Clawson, Rosalee A.

2009-01-01

316

The Journal of College Admission 45th Anniversary Index, 1956-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Journal of College Admission 45th Anniversary Index is a comprehensive index of articles published from the journal's first issue in 1956 through the year 2001. The Journal of College Admission, an official publication of the National Association for College Admission Counseling (NACAC), is a quarterly, peer-reviewed periodical addressing the…

Loveland, Elaina C., Comp.

317

Manuscript rejection: how to submit a revision and tips on being a good peer reviewer.  

PubMed

Many instructional guides have been published on how to write scientific papers. Likewise, many published articles have focused on the reasons why submitted manuscripts are rejected. However, fewer publications have been presented to guide authors on how to address reviewers' comments in a manuscript revision. Even fewer counsel authors on how to deal with a rejection decision. In this article, the authors present a literature review on the strategies to get a manuscript accepted, despite an initial unfavorable review. The authors share their experience with addressing reviewers' comments to get a manuscript accepted and published. Finally, the authors discuss the process of peer review and offer tips on how to be an effective peer reviewer. PMID:24675196

Kotsis, Sandra V; Chung, Kevin C

2014-04-01

318

Experienced Journal Reviewers' Perceptions of and Engagement with the Task of Reviewing: An Australian Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a mixed-methods doctoral project, this study drew on an interview, bracketed by two surveys, with experienced Australian reviewers. It explored questions about the contributions of peer review, the need and possibility to improve it and the driving factors for reviewers to contribute voluntarily. The respondents emphasised the essential…

Lu, Yanping

2013-01-01

319

Research on Mathematics Education in China in the Last Decade: A Review of Journal Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews literature on mathematics education in China in the last decade. It focuses on papers that were published after 2000, and Chinese Social Science Citation Index (CSSCI). Some influential journals in the field of mathematics education, such as the "Journal of Mathematics Education" and "Mathematics Instruction" were also…

Xu, Binyan

2010-01-01

320

Peer review isn’t perfect But it’s also not a conspiracy  

SciTech Connect

During peer review, grants are not judged in isolation, but as a group. By definition, half of all grants are below average. Although most scientific reviewers can agree on why a proposal is important and exciting, it is far more difficult to explain why we don’t like the others. The communication problems that plague many applicants in trying to describe the importance of their research also afflict many reviewers in trying to explain the converse.

Wiley, H. S.

2008-11-30

321

Society for Endocrinology: Journals: Free Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Society for Endocrinology offers this collection of full-text reviews and commentaries from the Journal of Endocrinology, Endocrine-Related Cancer, and the Journal of Molecular Endocrinology. These peer-reviewed articles, available free of charge to any interested user, present "quality overviews of current topic in endocrinology." The bibliographic listing for each article link to a browseable abstract, which in turn links to the full-text document. The Web site includes an article archive dating back to 1996.

2011-06-20

322

Supporting scientific writing and evaluation in a conceptual physics course with calibrated peer review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Writing tasks are one way students can apply science concepts, yet evaluating students' writing can be difficult in large classes. With the web-based Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) system, students submit written work and evaluate each other. Students write a response to a prompt, read and evaluate responses prepared by the curriculum developers, and receive feedback on their evaluations, allowing students to ``calibrate'' their evaluation skills. Students then evaluate their peers' work and their own work. We have used CPR for two semesters in conceptual physics courses with enrollments of ~100 students. By independently assessing students' responses, we evaluated the CPR calibration process and compared students' peer reviews with expert evaluations. Students' scores on their essays correlate with our independent evaluations. This poster describes these findings and our experiences with implementing CPR assignments.

Price, Edward; Goldberg, Fred; Patterson, Scott; Heft, Paul

2013-01-01

323

A systematic review of how homeopathy is represented in conventional and CAM peer reviewed journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Growing popularity of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in the public sector is reflected in the scientific community by an increased number of research articles assessing its therapeutic effects. Some suggest that publication biases occur in mainstream medicine, and may also occur in CAM. Homeopathy is one of the most widespread and most controversial forms of CAM. The purpose

Timothy Caulfield; Suzanne DeBow

2005-01-01

324

Investigating Peer Review as an Intentional Learning Strategy to Foster Collaborative Knowledge-Building in Students of Instructional Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review has been advocated for as an intentional strategy to support the knowledge and skill attainment of adult learners preparing for professional practice, including those students preparing for instructional design and technology practice. The purposes of this article are to discuss the practical application of peer review as an…

Brill, Jennifer M.; Hodges, Charles B.

2011-01-01

325

U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program 2011 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Report  

SciTech Connect

This document summarizes the comments provided by peer reviewers on hydrogen and fuel cell projects presented at the FY 2011 U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting (AMR), held May 9-13, 2011 in Arlington, Virginia

Satypal, S.

2011-09-01

326

Probabilistic safety assessment PEER review: Case study on the use of probabilistic safety assessment for safety decisions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this case study is to illustrate, using an actual example, the organizing and carrying out of an independent peer review of a draft full-scope (level 3) probabilistic safety assessment. The specific findings of the peer review are of less i...

1989-01-01

327

Accelerating the pace of discovery by changing the peer review algorithm  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of scientific publications is constantly rising, increasing the\\u000astrain on the review process. The number of submissions is actually higher, as\\u000aeach manuscript is often reviewed several times before publication. To face the\\u000adeluge of submissions, top journals reject a considerable fraction of\\u000amanuscripts without review, potentially declining manuscripts with merit. The\\u000asituation is frustrating for authors, reviewers

Stefano Allesina

2009-01-01

328

Scholarly Journal Publishing in the 21st Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the impact of the Internet on scholarly journals. Discusses efficiency; dissemination of information; peer review process; a quality rating system that would allow submission of an article to a family of journals of differing prestige; the revision process; lower costs; universities as publishers; and multimedia possibilities. (LRW)

Hermalin, Benjamin E.

2001-01-01

329

Journal Editorial Policies, Animal Welfare, and the 3Rs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluates the editorial policies of a randomized sample of English language peer-reviewed journals that publish original research involving the use of animals. The aim is to identify whether journals have editorial policies relating to the use of animals in the research that they are prepared to publish and whether any policies are likely to promote animal welfare and

Nicola J. Osborne; Daisy Payne; Michael L. Newman

2009-01-01

330

Peer Review of Multimedia Web Sites Authored by Student Teams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students are asked, as individuals in a team, to critically review the draft of a multimedia web site authored by another team in my course. Student must follow a template with 5 review criteria, and submit their review to each member of the web site author team and to me. Please see the handout below for instructions I give to students for this activity.

Ferrett, Trish

331

Scientific Value of Systematic Reviews: Survey of Editors of Core Clinical Journals  

PubMed Central

Background Synthesizing research evidence using systematic and rigorous methods has become a key feature of evidence-based medicine and knowledge translation. Systematic reviews (SRs) may or may not include a meta-analysis depending on the suitability of available data. They are often being criticised as ‘secondary research’ and denied the status of original research. Scientific journals play an important role in the publication process. How they appraise a given type of research influences the status of that research in the scientific community. We investigated the attitudes of editors of core clinical journals towards SRs and their value for publication. Methods We identified the 118 journals labelled as “core clinical journals” by the National Library of Medicine, USA in April 2009. The journals’ editors were surveyed by email in 2009 and asked whether they considered SRs as original research projects; whether they published SRs; and for which section of the journal they would consider a SR manuscript. Results The editors of 65 journals (55%) responded. Most respondents considered SRs to be original research (71%) and almost all journals (93%) published SRs. Several editors regarded the use of Cochrane methodology or a meta-analysis as quality criteria; for some respondents these criteria were premises for the consideration of SRs as original research. Journals placed SRs in various sections such as “Review” or “Feature article”. Characterization of non-responding journals showed that about two thirds do publish systematic reviews. Discussion Currently, the editors of most core clinical journals consider SRs original research. Our findings are limited by a non-responder rate of 45%. Individual comments suggest that this is a grey area and attitudes differ widely. A debate about the definition of ‘original research’ in the context of SRs is warranted.

Antes, Gerd; von Elm, Erik

2012-01-01

332

Critical Analysis of the Acquisition Review Journal: Are We in Step with the Field.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this study is to provide contributing authors with an understanding of the trends in article submission to the Acquisition Review Journal (ARJ) with regard to the types of research performed, research design, and data analysis. This researc...

C. M. Miranda C. V. Spann

2006-01-01

333

Interrater Reliability to Assure Valid Content in Peer Review of CME-Accredited Presentations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) provides guidelines for continuing medical education (CME) materials to mitigate problems in the independence or validity of content in certified activities; however, the process of peer review of materials appears largely unstudied and the reproducibility of…

Quigg, Mark; Lado, Fred A.

2009-01-01

334

Peer Review and Teacher Leadership: Linking Professionalism and Accountability. Series on School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines a policy that is one of the most powerful levers to improve teaching quality and advance teaching as a profession. Jennifer Goldstein presents the story of Rosemont, an urban district in California that created "professional accountability" with peer assistance and review (PAR), an alternative approach to teacher evaluation in…

Goldstein, Jennifer

2010-01-01

335

Incorporating a Substantial Writing Assignment into Organic Chemistry: Library Research, Peer Review, and Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

A substantial writing assignment in an organic chemistry course provides a means of allowing students to direct their own learning about a specific application of organic chemistry. The use of peer review provided additional benefits: students learned organic chemistry from reading each others' papers and learned more about how classmates write about chemistry. Recommendations about how best to collaborate with

Ivan A. Shibley Jr.; Louis K. Milakofsky; Cynthia L. Nicotera

2001-01-01

336

Conflict Management: From Adversary to Advocate. Peer Review and Employee Advocacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The successful organization of the 1990s will fundamentally remake its employee relationship, especially through increased employee influence on the nature of work, organizational context, and quality of product/service. An employee advocacy peer review conflict resolution process has been useful in improving labor relations and enhancing the…

Mauer, George W.

1992-01-01

337

Assessment of Programming Language Learning Based on Peer Code Review Model: Implementation and Experience Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The traditional assessment approach, in which one single written examination counts toward a student's total score, no longer meets new demands of programming language education. Based on a peer code review process model, we developed an online assessment system called "EduPCR" and used a novel approach to assess the learning of computer…

Wang, Yanqing; Li, Hang; Feng, Yuqiang; Jiang, Yu; Liu, Ying

2012-01-01

338

The Future of Peer Review in the Humanities Is Wide Open  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nobody likes the current system of peer review, and most everybody agrees it should move online. But from there, opinions diverge. As humanities editors continue to experiment with Web-based technology, two proposed online tools are highlighting disagreement over what needs fixing. Peter H. Sigal, a blue-haired associate professor of history at…

Mole, Beth

2012-01-01

339

Calibrated Peer Review Essays Increase Student Confidence in Assessing Their Own Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The online writing software Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) is a useful tool for assigning writing assignments in large college classes. In this system, students submit essays online and are guided in how to rate essays using criteria written by the instructor. The instructor does not have to grade the essays, and CPR has educational benefits that…

Likkel, Lauren

2012-01-01

340

Peer Review and Nuanced Power Structures: Writing and Learning within the Age of Connectivism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through a Foucauldian lens, this article examines the affordances and constraints of an online peer-review program in four special education English language arts classes in two New York City middle schools. Data from classroom observations, teacher interviews, and online student spaces and artifacts provide insight into the technologies of power…

Abrams, Sandra Schamroth

2013-01-01

341

Measuring Children's Attitudes towards Peers with Disabilities: A Review of Instruments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to identify instruments for measuring children's attitudes towards their peers with disabilities that are suitable for use in epidemiological studies and to report on their psychometric properties. A literature review was conducted to identify instruments measuring at least one of the three components of children's attitudes…

Vignes, Celine; Coley, Nicola; Grandjean, Helene; Godeau, Emmanuelle; Arnaud, Catherine

2008-01-01

342

The Long Shadow of Peer Review on the Preparation of Artist Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recruitment and retention of the highest-quality artist educators in colleges and universities is a key element in supporting strong K-12 arts education programs. Artist educators must be expert in at least two disciplines: their art forms and education. However, the peer review processes commonly employed to recommend higher education faculty…

Walker, Loretta Niebur

2013-01-01

343

Influence of interdisciplinarity on peer-review and bibliometric evaluations in physics research  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is often argued that interdisciplinary research is valued less in both qualitative (peer-review based) as well as in quantitative (bibliometric) assessments. A recent extensive, nation-wide evaluation of all academic physics groups in the Netherlands allowed us to investigate this problem empirically. Therefore, we first developed an operationalization of ‘interdisciplinarity’. On the basis of our findings, we refute the above

E. J. Rinia; Th. N. van Leeuwen; H. G. van Vuren; A. F. J. van Raan

2001-01-01

344

HUDSON RIVER PCBS SUPERFUND SITE RECORD OF DECISION PERFORMANCE STANDARDS PEER REVIEW  

EPA Science Inventory

The independent external peer review of dredging resuspension, PCB residuals, and production rate performance standards and the attendant monitoring program, as well as a report prepared at the end of the first phase of dredging. The report will allow comparison of dredging oper...

345

HUDSON RIVER PCBs SITE Peer Review of Phase 1 DredgingFinal Report  

EPA Science Inventory

This report summarizes the independent peer review of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Phase 1 Evaluation Report, the General Electric Company (GE) Phase 1 Evaluation Report, and supporting information. The Phase 1 Evaluation Reports presented EPA and GE?s evaluati...

346

The Convergence of Digital-Libraries and the Peer-Review Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pre-print repositories have seen a significant increase in use over the past fifteen years across multiple research domains. Researchers are beginning to develop applications capable of using these repositories to assist the scientific community above and beyond the pure dissemination of information. The contributions set forth by this paper emphasize a deconstructed publication model in which the peer-review process is

Marko A. Rodriguez; Johan Bollen; Herbert Van De Sompel

2005-01-01

347

Interactive open access publishing and collaborative peer review for improved scientific communication and quality assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The traditional ways of scientific publishing and peer review do not live up to the needs of efficient communication and quality assurance in today's highly diverse and rapidly developing world of science. Therefore, new opportunities for enhanced scientific quality assurance are among the most important advantages and perspectives of open access to scientific publications. Open access gives referees more information

Ulrich Pöschl; Thomas Koop

348

Innovative Peer Review Model for Rural Physicians: System Design and Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: The peer review process in small rural hospitals is complicated by limited numbers of physicians, conflict of interest, issues related to appropriate utilization of new technology, possibility for conflicting recommendations, and need for external expertise. Purpose: The purpose of this project was to design, test, and implement a virtual…

Williams, Josie R.; Mechler, Kathy; Akins, Ralitsa B.

2008-01-01

349

Debunking the Fear of Peer Review: Combining Supervision and Evaluation and Living to Tell about It  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scholars have argued that combining supervision and evaluation is a conflict of interest that will damage the coaching process. Peer assistance and review (PAR) is an approach to the supervision and evaluation of teachers that runs counter to this argument, as the coach charged with providing professional support to a new or struggling veteran…

Goldstein, Jennifer

2005-01-01

350

From Family to Peer: A Review of Transitions of Influence among Drug-Using Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research concerning relative and independent influences of family and peers upon adolescent drug use is reviewed. As concern regarding adolescent drug use has grown, so has the research to explain this behavior. A summary of research findings and specific suggestions for future research are made. (Author/DWH)

Glynn, Thomas J.

1981-01-01

351

Peer-Reviewed Research and Individualized Education Programs (IEPs): An Examination of Intent and Impact  

Microsoft Academic Search

The reauthorized Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) requires Individualized Education Program (IEP) teams to base the selection of special education, related services, and supplementary aids and services on peer-reviewed research (PRR) to the extent practicable. This article examines the intended purpose of the PRR provision and its impact on the development of IEPs. Intent is examined through the legislative

Susan Etscheidt; Christina M. Curran

2010-01-01

352

A Synthesis of the Peer-Reviewed Differential Bundle Functioning Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article was to present a synthesis of the peer-reviewed differential bundle functioning (DBF) research that has been conducted to date. A total of 16 studies were synthesized according to the following characteristics: tests used and learner groups, organizing principles used for developing bundles, DBF detection methods used,…

Banks, Kathleen

2013-01-01

353

University of Pennsylvania vs. EEOC and the Status of Peer Review: A Symposium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Supreme Court decision supporting disclosure of university faculty peer review files is discussed by faculty in law and other disciplines and by a college president. Arguments address the principles of academic privilege, institutional mission, and the soundness of academic decision making. (MSE)

Scales, Ann C.; And Others

1990-01-01

354

Peer Review of Teaching Embedded Practice or Policy-Holding Complacency?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review of teaching (PRT) depicts as many different definitions, processes, rationale and underpinning values as there are participating individuals. This paper reports the activities of one academic department who were forced to address the issues of perceived clarity, value and ownership when faced with an unexpectedly low completion rate in…

Kell, Clare; Annetts, Susan

2009-01-01

355

Problem-based Writing with Peer Review Improves Academic Performance in Physiology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The aim of this study was to determine whether problem-based writing with peer review (PW-PR) improves undergraduate student performance on physiology exams. Didactic lectures were replaced with assignments to give students practice explaining their reasoning while solving qualitative problems, thus transferring the responsibility for abstraction and generalization to the students. Performance on exam items about concepts taught using PW-PR was compared with performance on concepts taught using didactic lectures followed by group work. Calibrated Peer ReviewTM, a Web-delivered program, was used to collect student essays and to manage anonymous peer review after students "passed" three calibration peer reviews. Results show that the students had difficulty relating concepts. Relationship errors were categorized as 1) problems recognizing levels of organization, 2) problems with cause/effect, and 3) overgeneralizations. For example, some described cells as molecules; others thought that vesicles transport materials through the extracellular fluid. With PW-PR, class discussion was used to confront and resolve such difficulties. Both multiple-choice and essay exam results were better with PW-PR instead of lecture.

PhD Nancy J. Pelaez (California State University Fullerton Department of Biological Science, MH282)

2002-09-01

356

Using Student Peer Review of Experiment Reports in an Undergraduate Physics Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A class centered on student design of experiments and peer review of the resulting reports is described. Thirteen students in an honors seminar section of an introductory physics class designed experiments to test various types of paranormal phenomena. Each experimental report was evaluated and ranked by several other students. To give them…

Moran, Timothy; Van Hook, Stephen J.

2006-01-01

357

An Assessment of Peer Review Evaluation of Academic Programmes in Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From early 1992 until the end of 2000, over 1,000 academic programmes in public universities in Mexico were externally evaluated by Peer Review Teams. The evaluating organisation decided, in 2001, to invite an independent group to study this exercise in order to assess the state of Mexican Higher Education. As a consequence of such revision, an…

Malo, Salvador; Fortes, Mauricio

2004-01-01

358

Peer Review in Academic Promotion and Publishing: Its Meaning, Locus, and Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of its Andrew W. Mellon Foundation-funded Future of Scholarly Communication Project, the Center for Studies in Higher Education (CSHE) has hosted two meetings to explore how peer review relates to scholarly communication and academic values. In preparation for an April 2010 workshop, four working papers were developed and circulated. They…

Harley, Diane; Acord, Sophia Krzys; Earl-Novell, Sarah

2010-01-01

359

Welcome to Journal of Foot and Ankle Research: a new open access journal for foot health professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Journal of Foot and Ankle Research (JFAR) is a new, open access, peer-reviewed online journal that encompasses all aspects of policy, organisation, delivery and clinical practice related to the assessment, diagnosis, prevention and management of foot and ankle disorders. JFAR will cover a wide range of clinical subject areas, including diabetology, paediatrics, sports medicine, gerontology and geriatrics, foot surgery, physical

Hylton B Menz; Mike J Potter; Alan M Borthwick; Karl B Landorf

2008-01-01

360

Lessons Learned from the Frenchman Flat Flow and Transport Modeling External Peer Review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objective of the U.S. Department of Energy's Underground Test Area Program program is to forecast, using computer modeling, the contaminant boundary of radionuclide transport in groundwater at the Nevada National Security Site that exceeds the Safe Drinking Water Act after 1000 yrs. This objective is defined within the Federal Facilities Agreement and Consent Order between the Department of Energy, Department of Defense and State of Nevada Division of Environmental Protection . At one of the Corrective Action Units, Frenchman Flat, a Phase I flow and transport model underwent peer review in 1999 to determine if the model approach, assumptions and results adequate to be used as a decision tool as a basis to negotiate a compliance boundary with Nevada Division of Environmental Protection. The external peer review decision was that the model was not fully tested under a full suite of possible conceptual models, including boundary conditions, flow mechanisms, other transport processes, hydrological framework models, sensitivity and uncertainty analysis, etc. The program went back to collect more data, expand modeling to consider other alternatives that were not adequately tested, and conduct sensitivity and uncertainty analysis. A second external peer review was held in August 2010. Their conclusion that the new Frenchman Flat flow and transport modeling analysis were adequate as a decision tool and that the model was ready to advance to the next step in the Federal Facilities Agreement and Consent Order strategy. We will discuss the processes to changing the modeling that occurred between the first and second peer reviews, and then present the second peer review general comments. Finally, we present the lessons learned from the total model acceptance process required for federal regulatory compliance.

Becker, N. M.; Crowe, B. M.; Ruskauff, G.; Kwicklis, E. M.; Wilborn, B.

2011-12-01

361

PeerGAD: a peer-review-based and community-centric web application for viewing and annotating prokaryotic genome sequences  

PubMed Central

PeerGAD is a web-based database-driven application that allows community-wide peer-reviewed annotation of prokaryotic genome sequences. The application was developed to support the annotation of the Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato strain DC3000 genome sequence and is easily portable to other genome sequence annotation projects. PeerGAD incorporates several innovative design and operation features and accepts annotations pertaining to gene naming, role classification, gene translation and annotation derivation. The annotator tool in PeerGAD is built around a genome browser that offers users the ability to search and navigate the genome sequence. Because the application encourages annotation of the genome sequence directly by researchers and relies on peer review, it circumvents the need for an annotation curator while providing added value to the annotation data. Support for the Gene Ontology™ vocabulary, a structured and controlled vocabulary used in classification of gene roles, is emphasized throughout the system. Here we present the underlying concepts integral to the functionality of PeerGAD.

D'Ascenzo, Mark D.; Collmer, Alan; Martin, Gregory B.

2004-01-01

362

Implementing Calibrated Peer Review to Enhance Technical Critiquing Skills in a Bioengineering Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed at UCLA, Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) is a web-based tool developed to help students improve their technical writing and critiquing skills. In 2006 and 2007 we used CPR in an upper-level tissue culture laboratory course in which students conduct viability, attachment, and proliferation assays using fibroblast cells. After completing their experiments, students use PowerPoint to construct a technical poster that illustrates their experimental methods, results, and conclusions. For the CPR component of the assignment, students first evaluate three sample posters supplied by the instructor to calibrate their critiquing skills. After this step, students conduct a blind review of three peers posters and then evaluate their own. During the calibration, peer critiquing and self evaluation stages, students respond to 15 statements about the quality of the posters. Eleven statements cover technical content, including succinct summary of objectives, clear experimental methods, quality of graphs, and key results interpreted in words. Three statements probe the posters visual appeal, including appropriate size and style of font. One final statement requires a holistic evaluation of the poster. Following CPR, students turn in a revised copy of their technical poster. In 2006, students had difficulty during the calibration phase. Following a major revision of the calibration phase in 2007, 79% of students passed all three calibration posters. Instructor, peer, and self evaluations were compared. There was a strong linear correlation between instructor evaluation and peer evaluation (r = 0.60, regression model ANOVA P0.2). These results suggest that students may be better able to technically evaluate others work, rather than their own. Students perceived the peer evaluation process as generally helpful, although they noted that their peers comments were less specific and occasionally inconsistent with their instructors feedback. Students reported on surveys that peer evaluation was effective in helping them to recognize many facets of technical poster design, such as errors and omissions, data presentation, and technical argument. 97% of the students claimed their technical critiquing skills improved as a result of this experience. We feel that using CPR to facilitate the peer evaluation process is an effective way to enhance undergraduate engineering students technical critiquing skills.

Saterbak, Ann; Volz, Tracy

2010-09-09

363

Wikipedia and academic peer review: Wikipedia as a recognised medium for scholarly publication?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to engage in a thought experiment, exploring the use of Wikipedia or similar content-malleable systems for the review and dissemination of academic knowledge. Design\\/methodology\\/approach - By looking at other sources, the paper considers the current state of the academic peer-review process, discusses Wikipedia and reflects on dynamic content creation and management applications

Erik W. Black

2008-01-01

364

A Qualitative Review of Literature on Peer Review of Teaching in Higher Education: An Application of the SWOT Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issues of professional accountability, faculty member development, and enhancing higher education quality in universities are gaining importance. A strategy that could increase personal control over teaching practices in addition to improving professional development among faculty members is peer review of teaching (PRT). Five themes that are…

Thomas, Susan; Chie, Qiu Ting; Abraham, Mathew; Raj, Sony Jalarajan; Beh, Loo-See

2014-01-01

365

28 CFR 34.106 - Number of peer reviewers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...individuals who are not officers or employees of the Department of Justice) for each program or project review in order to ensure a diversity of backgrounds and perspectives. In no case will fewer than three reviews be made of each individual...

2013-07-01

366

Perceptions of Conflict of Interest Disclosures among Peer Reviewers  

PubMed Central

Background Disclosure of financial conflicts of interest (COI) is intended to help reviewers assess the impact of potential bias on the validity of research results; however, there have been no empiric assessments of how reviewers understand and use disclosures in article evaluation. We investigate reviewers' perceptions of potential bias introduced by particular author disclosures, and whether reviewer characteristics are associated with a greater likelihood of perceiving bias. Methodology/Principal Findings Of the 911 active reviewers from the Annals of Emergency Medicine, 410 were randomly selected and invited to complete our web-based, 3-part survey. We completed descriptive analysis of all survey responses and compared those responses across reviewer characteristics using 2×2 analyses and the Fisher exact test. We had a response rate of 54%. The majority of reviewers surveyed reported a high level of skepticism regarding financial relationships between authors and industry without a clear or consistent translation of that skepticism into the self-reported actions that characterize manuscript assessment. Only 13% of respondents believed physician consultants authoring articles based on company data are likely to have unlimited data access. 54% believed that bias most likely exists with any honorarium, regardless of monetary amount. Between 46% and 64%, depending on the type of financial relationship disclosed, reported that their recommendation for publication remains unchanged. Respondents reporting personal financial ties to industry were less likely to perceive bias in industry relationships and less likely to believe that bias exists with any monetary amount of honoraria. Conclusions We recommend that the monetary amount of all financial relationships be reported with manuscript submissions, lead authors certify that they have unrestricted access to data, and reviewers disclose any financial ties to industry whether or not they are related to the manuscript under review. Further research is required to better understand reviewers' perceptions of financial relationships between authors and industry in order to develop clear and consistent guidelines for incorporating the perception of potential bias into manuscript assessments.

Lippert, Suzanne; Callaham, Michael L.; Lo, Bernard

2011-01-01

367

Social marketing of water and sanitation products: a systematic review of peer-reviewed literature.  

PubMed

Like commercial marketing, social marketing uses the 4 "Ps" and seeks exchange of value between the marketer and consumer. Behaviors such as handwashing, and products such as those for oral rehydration treatment (ORT), can be marketed like commercial products in developing countries. Although social marketing in these areas is growing, there has been no systematic review of the current state of practice, research and evaluation. We searched the literature for published peer-reviewed studies available through major online publication databases. We identified manuscripts in the health, social science, and business literature on social marketing that used at least one of the 4 Ps of marketing and had a behavioral objective targeting the behaviors or products related to improving water and sanitation. We developed formalized decision rules and applied them in identifying articles for review. We initially identified 117 articles and reviewed a final set of 32 that met our criteria. Social marketing is a widespread strategy. Marketing efforts have created high levels of awareness of health threats and solutions, including behavior change and socially marketed products. There is widespread use of the 4 Ps of marketing, with price interventions being the least common. Evaluations show consistent improvements in behavioral mediators but mixed results in behavior change. Interventions have successfully used social marketing following widely recommended strategies. Future evaluations need to focus on mediators that explain successful behavior change in order to identify best practices and improve future programs. More rigorous evaluations including quasi-experimental designs and randomized trials are needed. More consistent reporting of evaluation results that permits meta-analysis of effects is needed. PMID:24704890

Evans, W D; Pattanayak, S K; Young, S; Buszin, J; Rai, S; Bihm, Jasmine Wallace

2014-06-01

368

The value of 100% retrospective peer review in a forensic pathology practice.  

PubMed

Peer review in forensic pathology practice has become an important cornerstone of continuous quality improvement. Although there are several components to an effective and transparent peer review process, one of the most essential is the review of completed reports. The autopsy report may be reviewed prospectively (report reviewed before sign out) or retrospectively (report reviewed after sign out). Prospective reviews are more likely to be performed on criminal or criminally suspicious cases, pediatric and SIDS deaths and high profile cases. Retrospective reviews on the other hand are performed on a proportion of all other signed-out routine medico-legal cases. The actual percentage varies by jurisdiction since there are no agreed minimum standards. Manpower and workload factors appear to be critical to determining what percentage of cases are reviewed retrospectively. The objective of this report is to present a mechanism by which a 100% retrospective review policy has been implemented, how it integrates with quality management protocols, the outcomes of the reviews and what challenges remain to improve compliance with key quality indicators especially turn around time (TAT) statistics. PMID:24237821

Obenson, Ken; Wright, Claire M

2013-11-01

369

External Peer Review Team Report Underground Testing Area Subproject for Frenchman Flat, Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

An external peer review was conducted to review the groundwater models used in the corrective action investigation stage of the Underground Test Area (UGTA) subproject to forecast zones of potential contamination in 1,000 years for the Frenchman Flat area. The goal of the external peer review was to provide technical evaluation of the studies and to assist in assessing the readiness of the UGTA subproject to progress to monitoring activities for further model evaluation. The external peer review team consisted of six independent technical experts with expertise in geology, hydrogeology,'''groundwater modeling, and radiochemistry. The peer review team was tasked with addressing the following questions: 1. Are the modeling approaches, assumptions, and model results for Frenchman Flat consistent with the use of modeling studies as a decision tool for resolution of environmental and regulatory requirements? 2. Do the modeling results adequately account for uncertainty in models of flow and transport in the Frenchman Flat hydrological setting? a. Are the models of sufficient scale/resolution to adequately predict contaminant transport in the Frenchman Flat setting? b. Have all key processes been included in the model? c. Are the methods used to forecast contaminant boundaries from the transport modeling studies reasonable and appropriate? d. Are the assessments of uncertainty technically sound and consistent with state-of-the-art approaches currently used in the hydrological sciences? 3. Are the datasets and modeling results adequate for a transition to Corrective Action Unit monitoring studies—the next stage in the UGTA strategy for Frenchman Flat? The peer review team is of the opinion that, with some limitations, the modeling approaches, assumptions, and model results are consistent with the use of modeling studies for resolution of environmental and regulatory requirements. The peer review team further finds that the modeling studies have accounted for uncertainty in models of flow and transport in the Frenchman Flat except for a few deficiencies described in the report. Finally, the peer review team concludes that the UGTA subproject has explored a wide range of variations in assumptions, methods, and data, and should proceed to the next stage with an emphasis on monitoring studies. The corrective action strategy, as described in the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order, states that the groundwater flow and transport models for each corrective action unit will consider, at a minimum, the following: • Alternative hydrostratigraphic framework models of the modeling domain. • Uncertainty in the radiological and hydrological source terms. • Alternative models of recharge. • Alternative boundary conditions and groundwater flows. • Multiple permissive sets of calibrated flow models. • Probabilistic simulations of transport using plausible sets of alternative framework and recharge models, and boundary and groundwater flows from calibrated flow models. • Ensembles of forecasts of contaminant boundaries. • Sensitivity and uncertainty analyses of model outputs. The peer review team finds that these minimum requirements have been met. While the groundwater modeling and uncertainty analyses have been quite detailed, the peer review team has identified several modeling-related issues that should be addressed in the next phase of the corrective action activities: • Evaluating and using water-level gradients from the pilot wells at the Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Site in model calibration. • Re-evaluating the use of geochemical age-dating data to constrain model calibrations. • Developing water budgets for the alluvial and upper volcanic aquifer systems in Frenchman Flat. • Considering modeling approaches in which calculated groundwater flow directions near the water table are not predetermined by model boundary conditions and areas of recharge, all of which are very uncertain. • Evaluating local-scale variations in hydraulic conductivity on the calculated contaminant boundaries. • Evaluat

Sam Marutzky

2010-09-01

370

Acknowledgement of Cilia’s reviewers in 2013  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers We would like to thank the following experts for their assistance with the peer-review in 2013 for manuscripts submitted to Cilia. We greatly appreciate the voluntary contribution made to the journal by all our reviewers.

2014-01-01

371

How reliable is peer review of scientific abstracts?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To evaluate the interrater reproducibility of scientific abstract review.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Design: Retrospective analysis.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Setting: Review for the 1991 Society of General Internal Medicine (SGIM) annual meeting.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Subjects: 426 abstracts in seven topic categories evaluated by 55 reviewers.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Measurements: Reviewers rated abstracts from 1 (poor) to 5 (excellent), globally and on three specific dimensions: interest to the SGIM\\u000a audience, quality of

Haya R. Rubin; Donald A. Redelmeier; Albert W. Wu; Earl P. Steinberg

1993-01-01

372

Journal of Experimental & Clinical Assisted Reproduction: shaping the future of research and practice in reproductive endocrinology\\/infertility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Journal of Experimental & Clinical Assisted Reproduction is an open access, online, peer-review journal publishing papers on all aspects of research into reproductive endocrinology, infertility, bioethics and the advanced reproductive technologies. The journal reports on important developments impacting the field of human reproductive medicine and surgery. The field exists as a sub-specialty of obstetrics & gynecology, focusing on the diagnosis

E Scott Sills; Robert M Winston; Gianpiero D Palermo

2004-01-01

373

In-Suit Light Exercise (ISLE) Prebreathe Protocol Peer Review Assessment. Volume 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The performance of extravehicular activity (EVA) by National Aeronautics and Space Administration astronauts involves the risk of decompression sickness. This risk has been mitigated by the use of oxygen "prebreathe" to effectively wash out tissue nitrogen prior to each EVA. Now that the Space Shuttle Program (SSP) is being retired, high-pressure oxygen will become a limited resource. The In-Suit Light Exercise (ISLE) Prebreathe Protocol offers several potential benefits including its potential to save 6 pounds of oxygen per EVA. At the request of the NASA Engineering and Safety Center, the peer review convened on October 14, 2010. The major recommendation of the Review Committee was that the ISLE protocol was acceptable for operational use as a prebreathe option prior to EVA. The results from the peer review are contained in this document.

Brady, Timothy K.; Polk, James D.

2011-01-01

374

Perilous terra incognita-open-access journals.  

PubMed

The author focuses on a new rapidly spreading practice of publication in open-access journals. The pros and cons of open-access journals are discussed. Publishing in these journals may be cost prohibitive for educators and junior faculty members. Some authors may be lured by the ease of publishing in open-access journals (and their, at times, inflated self-description, e.g., "international", "scientific"), and their possibly valuable contributions will escape the attention of Academic Psychiatry readership in the vast sea of open-access journals. The readership may be flooded with a large number of low-quality articles (maybe not even properly peer-reviewed) from open-access journals. It may take some time to sort out what is and what is not relevant and useful. Open-access publishing represents a problematic and controversial practice and may be associated with a conflict of interest for the editors and publishers of these journals. PMID:24519801

Balon, Richard

2014-04-01

375

Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A number of organizations have created peer-reviewed journals to investigate the world of educational technology and learning in the past several years. The Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology is certainly one of the better journals on this subject, and they publish peer-reviewed pieces on topics that include online learning, gaming, and learning theory and technology. Over the past several years, the journal has been published three times a year, and their editorial board includes professors from Simon Fraser University, Queen's University, and Athabasca University. Visitors can browse through the articles by issue, title, or author. Additionally, visitors can sign up to receive their RSS feed and learn a bit more about the submission process. Recently published pieces include "Comparing students' perceptions of paper-based and electronic portfolios" and "Encouraging self-regulated learning through electronic portfolios".

376

Methods and Biostatistics: a concise guide for peer reviewers  

PubMed Central

The purpose of the Materials and Methods section of a scientific manuscript is to provide information in sufficient detail, so that another scientist working in the same field of endeavor is able to repeat the experiments and reproduce the results. Authors are entitled to a justified decision on the publication or not of their work. Thus, reviewers need to assure the authors that they have studied, correctly interpreted and fairly judged their work. This can be done by writing a short introductory paragraph in their critique, mentioning the type of study, the subjects recruited, the time and places the study was conducted, the interventions, the outcome measures and the statistical tests. All these information should be found in the methods section. If the reviewer cannot find these information, he needs not to read the whole article. Reading through the abstract and the methods section, he can reject the article on good grounds. If the methods section is appropriate, then the whole article need to be further reviewed. In this manuscript we shall discuss several critical aspects of the methods and statistics from the reviewer's perspective to provide reviewers the knowledge basis to write the aforementioned introductory paragraph of their critique.

Kyrgidis, A; Triaridis, S

2010-01-01

377

Journal Watch From ACE (Alliance For Clinical Education): Annual Review of Medical Education Articles in Internal Medicine Journals 2006–2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

This journal watch is sponsored by the Alliance for Clinical Education (ACE). The purpose of this article is to summarize medical education manuscripts from specialty journals that are important and relevant to educators across specialties. Specialties included in our review were cardiology, gastroenterology, general internal medicine, pulmonology, nephrology, hematology and oncology, endocrinology, rheumatology, infectious disease, and neurology. We are grateful

Steven J. Durning; Liselotte N. Dyrbye; Alex J. Mechaber; Matthew R. Thomas; Melissa Fischer; Kevin OBrien; Elizabeth A. Baker; Michael J. Battistone; Matthew Mintz; Dario Torre; Andrew R. Hoellein

2009-01-01

378

Analysis of an Informed Peer Review Matching Algorithm and Its Impact on Student Work on Model-Eliciting Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Model-Eliciting Activities (MEAs) are realistic, open-ended, client-driven engineering problems designed to foster students' mathematical modeling abilities. Since 2005, the MEAs used in Purdue University's first-year engineering core course have included a double-blind peer review wherein individuals in the course (peers) are randomly assigned a…

Verleger, Matthew Alan

2009-01-01

379

Peer Review Organization Program Manual. HCFA PUB 19. Revisions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The PRO Manual is a set of operating instructions designed to provide clarification and guidance to PROs in implementing and carrying out their required review functions. It serves as a guide to assist the PROs in meeting their stated objectives in a more...

1992-01-01

380

Peer Review Organization Program Manual. HCFA PUB 19. Revisions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The PRO Manual is a set of operating instructions designed to provide clarification and guidance to PROs in implementing and carrying out their required review functions. It serves as a guide to assist the PROs in meeting their stated objectives in a more...

1994-01-01

381

A Thank You to Our Peer Reviewers in This Landmark Year  

Microsoft Academic Search

Last year was a busy and productive one for the Journal, as we continued to make improvements to our systems for managing the approximately 250 manuscripts submitted for review. These improvements have allowed us to increase the size of an average issue from 128 to 160 pages as of January 2000. The average time between submission and publication has been

Petros Koutrakis

2001-01-01

382

What Do We Know About One-to-One Peer Support for Adults With a Burn Injury? A Scoping Review.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to conduct a broad examination of the central themes and concepts associated with one-to-one peer support for adult patients with a burn injury. The aim of the synthesis was to examine 1) what is reported in the literature regarding the impact of peer support for patients or peers and 2) what methods or elements were considered important with regard to the program design and structure. The synthesis undertaken for this study followed scoping review methodology. A systematic search of the literature was undertaken to identify articles of relevance. Four databases were searched: MEDLINE (medicine), Embase (medicine), PsychINFO (psychology), and SWAbstracts (social work). Information pertaining to program design and structure, recruitment and screening requirements, and perceived benefits and risks associated with peer support were extracted from the included articles. Nine key themes pertaining to program design and structure, and 10 key themes relating to the impact of peer support for patients or peers were identified and discussed. One-to-one peer support for adults with burns trauma has the potential to be a unique support option with earnest attributes. The preliminary data representing the effects of peer support for adults with a burn injury as presented in this literature review shows an emerging pattern of benefit for givers and receivers of peer support. Further work is needed in this field and recommendations are made for future studies. PMID:23877134

Tolley, Janelle S; Foroushani, Pooria Sarrami

2014-01-01

383

Annual acknowledgement of manuscript reviewers  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers The Editors of Cardiovascular Diabetology wish to thank all reviewers, both Editorial Board Members and external referees, who contributed to the journal in 2012 (Volume 11), and whose enthusiastic support in providing the essential service of peer review continues to improve the scientific quality of the journal and enable its goals to be achieved.

2013-01-01

384

“Ethnocentricity” in top journals of services management : Authors, editorial review boards, editorial boards and editors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The objective is to describe the “ethnocentricity” (i.e. geographical affiliation of editor(s), editorial board(s), editorial review board(s) and author(s)) of selected journals in services management. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The sample is restricted to the examination and comparison of five top journals in services management during a six-year period. In total, the content analysis consisted of 1,189 articles. Findings –

Göran Svensson; Terje Slåtten; Bård Tronvoll

2007-01-01

385

Journal of Air Transportation, Volume 10, No. 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The mission of the Journal of Air Transportation (JA is to provide the global community immediate key resource information in all areas of air transportation. The goal of the Journal is to be recognized as the preeminent scholarly journal in the aeronautical aspects of transportation. As an international and interdisciplinary journal, the JAT will provide a forum for peer-reviewed articles in all areas of aviation and space transportation research, policy, theory, case study, practice, and issues. While maintaining a broad scope, a focal point of the journal will be in the area of aviation administration and policy.

Bowen, Brent D. (Editor); Kabashkin, Igor (Editor); Lucas, Sarah (Editor); Scarpellini-Metz, Nanette (Editor)

2005-01-01

386

Journal of Air Transportation, Volume 11, No. 3  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The mission of the Journal of Air Transportation (JAT) is to provide the global community immediate key resource information in all areas of air transportation. The goal of the Journal is to be recognized as the preeminent scholarly journal in the aeronautical aspects of transportation. As an international and interdisciplinary journal, the JAT will provide a forum for peer-reviewed articles in all areas of aviation and space transportation research, policy, theory, case study, practice, and issues. While maintaining a broad scope, a focal point of the journal will be in the area of aviation administration and policy

Bowen, Brent (Editor); Kabashkin, Igor (Editor); Fink, Mary (Editor)

2007-01-01

387

Enhancing the role of case-oriented peer review to improve quality and safety in radiation oncology: Executive summary  

PubMed Central

This report is part of a series of white papers commissioned for the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) Board of Directors as part of ASTRO's Target Safely Campaign, focusing on the role of peer review as an important component of a broad safety/quality assurance (QA) program. Peer review is one of the most effective means for assuring the quality of qualitative, and potentially controversial, patient-specific decisions in radiation oncology. This report summarizes many of the areas throughout radiation therapy that may benefit from the application of peer review. Each radiation oncology facility should evaluate the issues raised and develop improved ways to apply the concept of peer review to its individual process and workflow. This might consist of a daily multidisciplinary (eg, physicians, dosimetrists, physicists, therapists) meeting to review patients being considered for, or undergoing planning for, radiation therapy (eg, intention to treat and target delineation), as well as meetings to review patients already under treatment (eg, adequacy of image guidance). This report is intended to clarify and broaden the understanding of radiation oncology professionals regarding the meaning, roles, benefits, and targets for peer review as a routine quality assurance tool. It is hoped that this work will be a catalyst for further investigation, development, and study of the efficacy of peer review techniques and how these efforts can help improve the safety and quality of our treatments.

Marks, Lawrence B.; Adams, Robert D.; Pawlicki, Todd; Blumberg, Albert L.; Hoopes, David; Brundage, Michael D.; Fraass, Benedick A.

2013-01-01

388

International peer review in undergraduate dentistry: enhancing reflective practice in an online community of practice.  

PubMed

To stimulate and enhance student learning in the areas of global citizenship, critical reflection and e-learning, an online international peer review using a purpose-built web platform, has been developed between international dental schools. Since its inception in 2007, n = 6 dental schools from six different countries have participated with n = 384 dental students engaged in online peer review. Project development was conceptually analysed utilising Lave and Wenger's notion of a community of practice (CoP). Analysis drew on the three core components within the CoP organising framework: domain, community and practice. All three components were evident in building project identity. The domain focused on both curriculum and institutional co-operation. The community was evident for both educators and students. Finally, analysis of practice was found to be significant in terms of sustained interaction and collaboration. Empirical evaluation is recommended as the next phase of project design. PMID:23050501

Gardner, K; Bridges, S; Walmsley, D

2012-11-01

389

Journal of Aesthetics & Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Started in 2009, the Journal of Aesthetics & Culture (JAC) is an open-access journal "that aims to develop inter-disciplinary theoretical models as applied to human science research on aesthetic questions." The JAC has assembled an editorial board of scholars from across the world, including experts from New York University, Lund University, and the University of Bergen. On their website, visitors can read over the author guidelines, sign up for e-alerts, peruse the journal's announcements, and view the latest peer-reviewed article. Their first volume, published in 2009, included the articles "Calling on Witnesses: testimony and the deictic" and "Confronting The Wind: a reading of a Hollywood film by Victor SjÃÂöstrÃÂöm".

390

Journal of Digital Humanities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Journal of Digital Humanities is a comprehensive, peer-reviewed, open access journal that features "the best scholarship, tools, and conversations produced by the digital humanities community." This endeavor was started by the Press Forward Project and its rigorous evaluation process ensures that interested parties will be exposed to a wide range of talent and subject matter. Arranged by trimester, recent issues of the journal have focused in on the ways digital humanities projects can be used to teach undergraduates about the world around them, while also highlighting the pedagogy involved with such endeavors. Visitors can search through the entire collection of back issues or they may also look through the list of contributors to get a sense of those involved with the project.

391

Peer review, basic research, and engineering: Defining a role for QA professionals in basic research environments  

SciTech Connect

Within the context of doing basic research, this paper seeks to answer four major questions: (1) What is the authority structure of science. (2) What is peer review. (3) Where is the interface between basic physics research and standard engineering. and (4) Given the conclusions to the first three questions, what is the role of the QA professional in a basic research environment like Fermilab. 23 refs.

Bodnarczuk, M.

1989-02-01

392

The convergence of digital libraries and the peer-review process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pre-print repositories have seen a significant increase in use over the past\\u000afifteen years across multiple research domains. Researchers are beginning to\\u000adevelop applications capable of using these repositories to assist the\\u000ascientific community above and beyond the pure dissemination of information.\\u000aThe contribution set forth by this paper emphasizes a deconstructed publication\\u000amodel in which the peer-review process is

Marko A. Rodriguez; Johan Bollen; Herbert Van De Sompel

2006-01-01

393

Discussion of comments from a peer review of a technique for human event analysis (ATHEANA)  

SciTech Connect

In May of 1998, a technical basis and implementation guidelines document for A Technique for Human Event Analysis (ATHEANA) was issued as a draft report for public comment (NUREG-1624). In conjunction with the release of the draft NUREG, a paper review of the method, its documentation, and the results of an initial test of the method was held over a two-day period in Seattle, Washington, in June of 1998. Four internationally-known and respected experts in human reliability analysis (HRA) were selected to serve as the peer reviewers and were paid for their services. In addition, approximately 20 other individuals with an interest in HRA and ATHEANA also attended the peer review meeting and were invited to provide comments. The peer review team was asked to comment on any aspect of the method or the report in which improvements could be made and to discuss its strengths and weaknesses. All of the reviewers thought the ATEANA method had made significant contributions to the field of PRA/HRA, in particular by addressing the most important open questions and issues in HRA, by attempting to develop an integrated approach, and by developing a framework capable of identifying types of unsafe actions that generally have not been considered using existing methods. The reviewers had many concerns about specific aspects of the methodology and made many recommendations for ways to improve and extend the method, and to make its application more cost effective and useful to PRA in general. Details of the reviewers` comments and the ATHEANA team`s responses to specific criticisms will be discussed.

Forester, J.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Ramey-Smith, A. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States); Bley, D.C. [Buttonwood Consulting, Inc. (United States); Kolaczkowski, A.M.; Cooper, S.E. [Science Applications International Corp. (United States); Wreathall, J. [John Wreathall and Company (United States)

1998-09-01

394

77 FR 58802 - Notice of Intent To Seek OMB Approval To Collect Information: Forms Pertaining to the Peer Review...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Research Service Notice of Intent To Seek OMB Approval...Forms Pertaining to the Peer Review of ARS Research Projects AGENCY: Agricultural Research Service (ARS), USDA. ACTION: Notice...

2012-09-24

395

Oklahoma Association of Teacher Educators Journal 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Oklahoma Association of Teacher Educators 2009 Journal includes the following four peer reviewed articles: (1) The Changing Role of Grandparents (Fred D. Hammond, III, Terry E. Spigner, Charolette Myles-Nixon, and Pauline Holloway); (2) Pedagogical Agent Instructional Design Challenges (Jon Martens); (3) Differences in Relatedness across…

Green, Malinda Hendricks, Ed.

2009-01-01

396

The Electronic Astrophysical Journal Letters project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American Astronomical Society has developed a comprehensive system for the electronic dissemination of refereed astronomical research results. Our current focus is the production of an electronic version of the Astrophysical Journal Letters. With the help of a recent National Science Foundation grant, we have developed a system that includes: LATEX-based manuscript preparation, electronic submission, peer review, production, development of

H. J. Dalterio; P. B. Boyce; C. Biemesderfer; A. Warnock III; E. Owens; J. Fullton

1995-01-01

397

Research Digest: TESOL Topics in Other Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This section presents brief synopses of empirical research and theoretical discussions in peer-reviewed journals. The aim is to disseminate findings and perspectives in fields related to TESOL and to provide access to the diverse conversations among scholars in the field.

Michael-Luna, Sara, Ed.

2008-01-01

398

Research Digest: TESOL Topics in Other Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This section presents brief synopses of empirical research and theoretical discussions in peer reviewed journals. The aim is to disseminate findings and perspectives in fields related to TESOL and to provide access to the diverse conversations among scholars in the field.

Michael-Luna, Sara, Ed.

2009-01-01

399

THE REPORTING OF IRB REVIEW IN JOURNAL ARTICLES PRESENTING HIV RESEARCH CONDUCTED IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD  

PubMed Central

Objectives We investigated how often journal articles reporting on human HIV research in four developing world countries mention any institutional review boards (IRBs) or research ethics committees (RECs), and what factors are involved. Methods We examined all such articles published in 2007 from India, Nigeria, Thailand and Uganda, and coded these for several ethical and other characteristics. Results Of 221 articles meeting inclusion criteria, 32.1% did not mention IRB approval. Mention of IRB approval was associated with: biomedical (versus psychosocial) research (P=0.001), more sponsor-country authors (P=0.003), sponsor-country corresponding author (P=0.047), mention of funding (P<0.001), particular host-country involved (P=0.002), journals having sponsor-country editors (P<0.001), and journal stated compliance with International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) (P=0. 003). Logistic regression identified 3 significant factors: mention of funding, journal having sponsor-country editors and research being biomedical. Conclusions One-third of articles still do not mention IRB approval. Mention varied by country, and was associated with biomedical research, and more sponsor country involvement. Recently, some journals have required mention of IRB approval, but allow authors to do so in cover letters to editors, not in the article itself. Instead, these data suggest, journals should require that articles document adherence to ethical standards.

KLITZMAN, ROBERT L.; KLEINERT, KELLY; RIFAI-BASHJAWISH, HODA; LEU, CHENG SHIUNG

2012-01-01

400

A qualitative analysis of the determinants in the choice of a French journal reviewing procedures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Between 1993 and 2010, two French journals (Aster and Didaskalia) coming from different backgrounds but belonging to the same institution used to publish papers on research in science and technology education. The merging of these journals made it necessary for them to compare the different reviewing procedures used by each. This merging occurred at a time when research is becoming increasingly international which partly determines some of the reviewing procedure choices. In order for a francophone international journal to survive, it needs to take this internationalization into account in a reasoned manner. The author of this article, as a chief editor of RDST (Recherches en Didactique des Sciences et des Technologies)—the journal resulting from the merging- taking part in this merger, analyses the social, cultural and pragmatic determinants which impacted the choices made in reviewing procedures. This paper describes how these diversity of factors leads us to drop the idea of a standard reviewing procedure which would be valid for all journals.

Morge, Ludovic

2014-05-01

401

U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, 2013 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Report (Book)  

SciTech Connect

The fiscal year (FY) 2013 U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting (AMR), in conjunction with DOE's Vehicle Technologies Office AMR, was held from May 13-16, 2013, at the Crystal City Marriott and Crystal Gateway Marriott in Arlington, Virginia. This report is a summary of comments by AMR peer reviewers about the hydrogen and fuel cell projects funded by DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE).

Not Available

2013-10-01

402

Public Peer-Review: effectiveness and perspectives of transparency and self-regulation in scientific quality assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The traditional ways of scholarly publishing and peer-review do not live up to the needs of efficient communication and quality assurance in today's rapidly developing and highly diverse world of science. Substantial improvement can be achieved by an open access two-stage publication process with interactive peer-review and public discussion. It enables rapid publication and dissemination of new results in discussion

Ulrich Pöschl

2010-01-01

403

RE-EXAMINING THE EFFECTS AND AFFECTS OF ELECTRONIC PEER REVIEWS IN A FIRST-YEAR COMPOSITION CLASS  

Microsoft Academic Search

While many researchers have studied the application of computer-mediated communication (CMC) in peer review activities in L2 composition classes, few have directly compared the effect of asynchronous CMC (ACMC) versus written comments. This paper describes a small-scale project carried out in an ESL composition class to reexamine the effects and affects of asynchronous CMC in L2 students' peer review processes.1

Yi Xu

2007-01-01

404

VoiceThread as a Peer Review and Dissemination Tool for Undergraduate Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

VoiceThread has been utilized in an undergraduate research methods course for peer review and final research project dissemination. VoiceThread (http://www.voicethread.com) can be considered a social media tool, as it is a web-based technology with the capacity to enable interactive dialogue. VoiceThread is an application that allows a user to place a media collection online containing images, audio, videos, documents, and/or presentations in an interface that facilitates asynchronous communication. Participants in a VoiceThread can be passive viewers of the online content or engaged commenters via text, audio, video, with slide annotations via a doodle tool. The VoiceThread, which runs across browsers and operating systems, can be public or private for viewing and commenting and can be embedded into any website. Although few university students are aware of the VoiceThread platform (only 10% of the students surveyed by Ng (2012)), the 2009 K-12 edition of The Horizon Report (Johnson et al., 2009) lists VoiceThread as a tool to watch because of the opportunities it provides as a collaborative learning environment. In Fall 2011, eleven students enrolled in an undergraduate research methods course at Penn State Brandywine each conducted their own small-scale research project. Upon conclusion of the projects, students were required to create a poster summarizing their work for peer review. To facilitate the peer review process outside of class, each student-created PowerPoint file was placed in a VoiceThread with private access to only the class members and instructor. Each student was assigned to peer review five different student posters (i.e., VoiceThread images) with the audio and doodle tools to comment on formatting, clarity of content, etc. After the peer reviews were complete, the students were allowed to edit their PowerPoint poster files for a new VoiceThread. In the new VoiceThread, students were required to video record themselves describing their research and taking the viewer through their poster in the VoiceThread. This new VoiceThread with their final presentations was open for public viewing but not public commenting. A formal assessment was not conducted on the student impact of using VoiceThread for peer review and final research presentations. From an instructional standpoint, requiring students to use audio for the peer review commenting seemed to result in lengthier and more detailed reviews, connected with specific poster features when the doodle tool was utilized. By recording themselves as a "talking head" for the final product, students were required to be comfortable and confident with presenting their research, similar to what would be expected at a conference presentation. VoiceThread is currently being tested in general education Earth science courses at Penn State Brandywine as a dissemination tool for classroom-based inquiry projects and recruitment tool for Earth & Mineral Science majors.

Guertin, L. A.

2012-12-01

405

Rapid, Impartial and Comprehensive (RIC) publishing: A new concept for scientific journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Publishing scientific journals governed by editors relying on anonymous peer reviewing is slow (even one round of reviewing involves several communications between authors, editor and reviewers), partial (arguments of authors can hardly overrule those of reviewers) and not using all available scientific material (even the most thorough and insightful reviews remain for the eyes of authors and editors only). Here

Sergey I. Bozhevolnyi

2011-01-01

406

Validity and reliability of the scientific review process in nursing journals - time for a rethink?  

PubMed

As pressure to publish increases in the academic nursing world, journal submission numbers and rejection rates are soaring. The review process is crucial to journals in publishing high quality, cutting-edge knowledge development, and to authors in preparing their papers to a high quality to enable the nursing world to benefit from developments in knowledge that affect nursing practice and patient outcomes and the development of the discipline. This paper does not intend to contribute to the debate regarding the ethics of reviewing, but rather seeks to explore notions of how the quality of the reviewing process can be enhanced to benefit authors, the reviewers, and the state of nursing knowledge. Furthermore, a call is made to editors to devise strategies for aiding reviewers to attain higher validity and reliability within the reviewing process by establishing clear standards and expectations and to ensure published work is judged against industry norms for quality. PMID:23600446

Jasper, Melanie; Vaismoradi, Mojtaba; Bondas, Terese; Turunen, Hannele

2014-06-01

407

[The management of errors and scientific fraud by biomedical journals: They cannot replace Institutions].  

PubMed

Research integrity is not negotiable, but we regularly observe research misconduct, and journals are victims or guilty. Journals do not have the objective to assess research integrity: that's the Institutions' roles. Journals discover research misconduct when articles are reviewed (an editor or a reviewer detect signals), or after the article's publication when a reader or a whistleblower call the journal. The editors and reviewers' research misconduct are less described and not publicized in the medias. The peer-review system is criticised. If authors were fair-play, and reviews well done, the journals should not publish articles containing false data. The opponents to the peer-review system propose no alternatives to replace it. The anonymous peer reviews are questioned: it has never been proved that quality of anonymous reading was better than quality of open reading. The Open Access facilitated the creation of many journals. Some journals are excellent and got an impact factor; most journals have a poor quality and don't follow the publications ethics standards. When errors and fraud are identified, journals can publish 3 statements: erratum for errors, expression of concern for errors or fraud when evidence is not established, and retraction when evidence is obvious. PMID:22836196

Maisonneuve, Hervé

2012-09-01

408

A Comparison of Journal Instructions Regarding Institutional Review Board Approval and Conflict-of-interest Disclosure between 1995 and 2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To compare 2005 and 1995 ethics guidelines from journal editors to authors regarding requirements for institutional review board (IRB) approval and conflict-of-interest (COI) disclosure.\\u000aDESIGN: A descriptive study of the ethics guidelines published in 103 English-language biomedical journals listed in the Abridged Index Medicus in 1995 and 2005. Each journal was reviewed by the principal author and one of

Anne Rowan-Legg; Charles Weijer; J. Gao; C. Fernandez

2009-01-01

409

Improving Geoscience Learning and Increasing Student Engagement Using Online Interactive Writing Assignments with Calibrated Peer Review.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Peer review is a hallmark of the publication process for scientific research, yet it is rarely used as a pedagogical approach in university geoscience courses. Learning outcomes for university geoscience courses include content knowledge and critical thinking and analysis skills, and often include written communication of scientific issues or concepts. Because lecture and memorization is not the most effective learning approach for many students, instructors are increasingly exploring teaching approaches that involve active engagement. In this context, writing assignments that engage students in using content, constructing arguments, and critiquing other students' work are highly desirable. However, many of us struggle with extensive writing requirements in our courses because the workload associated with having the instructor provide detailed comments on writing is daunting, especially in large-enrollment courses, and organizing effective peer review by students is very challenging. Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) is a web-based program that involves students in writing and in reviewing each other's writing. It is designed to allow for more involved writing and feedback experiences with much less instructor time. Here we report on the results of a qualitative-methods analysis of narrative survey responses from students using CPR in an introductory geoscience class. In addition to an impact on the students' writing and their understanding of what goes in to effective writing, the results indicate that CPR acted as reinforcement for content learning, and an impetus for gaining a deeper understanding of content material. It allowed students to see how other students explained and analyzed content, and to check their understanding of a topic in relation to other students in the class. Not surprisingly, the instructor reported that students performed far better on exam questions that tested knowledge covered by CPR assignments.

Harbor, Jon

2014-05-01

410

77 FR 75167 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Act Review The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC...Prevention (NCHHSTP), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC...through peer-reviewed journal articles and related presentations...the Director, Centers for Disease Control and...

2012-12-19

411

Review times in statistical journals: tilting at windmills?  

PubMed

Using limited data, I argue that the review times in statistics are far too long for the field to keep pace with the rapidly changing environment in science. I note that statisticians do not appear to believe in statistics because data on the review process are not widely available to members of the profession. I suggest a few changes that could be made to speed up the review process, although it would appear that a change in our culture is required before the problem will be solved. PMID:11252583

Carroll, R J

2001-03-01

412

Digital Journal of Ophthalmology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Digital Journal of Ophthalmology (DJO) is a peer reviewed journal based at Harvard University designed to serve as "a valuable resource for ophthalmologists, other health care providers, vision scientists, and patients throughout the world." On the site's homepage, visitor can look over Grand Rounds, Original Articles, and Case Reports. The Grand Rounds area brings together reports from the world of ophthalmology, which can be most useful to those in the field. The site also contains a range of editorials, and visitors are encouraged to register with the DJO to receive personalized updates. The Knowledge Review section provides a series of quizzes for ophthalmologists on relevant topics such as glaucoma or pathology. Finally, the Patient Information area contains materials for laypeople on topics such as laser vision correction.

2012-01-01

413

Journal of Online Behavior  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Journal of Online Behavior (JOB) "is concerned with the empirical study of human behavior in the online environment, and with the impact of evolving communication and information technology upon individuals, groups, organizations, and society." The peer-reviewed articles cross science and social science disciplinary boundaries as well as geographical boundaries. The electronic version of the journal, which is available free of charge, includes an interactive discussion space. Some topics addressed in the articles and research reports include comparative media effects on communication processes and outcomes; social-cognitive dynamics and their effects presented by online interaction; temporal and longitudinal analyses of media influences and adaptation; and media usage and effects by and among ethnic and cultural groups. This site is also reviewed in the April 22, 2005 _NSDL MET Report_.

414

On editing the Journal: Ave atque vale.  

PubMed

Dr. Braceland discusses his 13-year tenure (1965-1978) as Editor of the American Journal of Psychiatry, noting that he took office during a period of social turmoil that in many ways resembled the decade of the Journal's founding 134 years ago. He describes the advantages and disadvantages of the peer review system he introduced to the Journal and states that this approach is essential in a time of ultraspecialization. He reviews the crafts of editing and writing for medical journals, both of which are brightened by clarity and brevity. As to the future of medical journals, he considers reports of their demise premature, while acknowledging the problems they face. Dr. Braceland briefly considered a "rocking chair" approach to his retirement from the Editorship, but the Editor Emeritus will instead continue to provide whatever assistance he can to his colleagues. PMID:358844

Braceland, F J

1978-10-01

415

Journal of Undergraduate Materials Research (JUMR)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Journal of Undergraduate Materials Research (JUMR) is a scientific journal dedicated to research performed by undergraduate students in materials related fields. JUMR is published annually and is a student run endeavor. The editorial board is currently made up of graduate and undergraduate students from many departments including the Departments of English and Materials Science and Engineering. The primary goal of the journal is to provide a venue for undergraduates to publish research performed in materials related fields. The secondary goals are to provide opportunities for undergraduates to practice their communication skills and learn about peer-reviewed publications, as well as providing opportunities for editorial board members to participate in the administration of creating a peer-reviewed publication.

Holt, Susan

2010-10-15

416

Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning. Volume 13, Number 1, Fall 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning" ("MJCSL") is a national, peer-reviewed journal consisting of articles written by faculty and service-learning educators on research, theory, pedagogy, and issues pertinent to the service-learning community. The "MJCSL" aims to: (1) widen the community of service-learning educators; (2) sustain…

Howard, Jeffrey, Ed.

2006-01-01

417

The Geography of Distance Education--Bibliographic Characteristics of a Journal Network  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The publication of the results of research in distance education in peer-reviewed journals is an important means of communication, dissemination, discourse and reporting of practice in the field. This study is an attempt at analyzing the relationships and influences among these journals. It is based upon a sample of 1416 scholarly articles…

Zawacki-Richter, Olaf; Anderson, Terry

2011-01-01

418

We Should Do a Journal: a Brief History of the IJTMB  

PubMed Central

This editorial tracks progress from informal conversations in 2001 to the fifth anniversary publication of the International Journal of Therapeutic Massage and Bodywork: Research Education and Practice, the only open-source, peer-reviewed journal specifically dedicated to the scientific exploration of therapeutic massage practice and education.

Werner, Ruth

2013-01-01

419

College Reading Research and Practice: Articles from "The Journal of College Literacy and Learning."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume presents 27 articles from "The Journal of College Literacy and Learning," a peer-reviewed journal (formerly the "Forum for Reading") produced by the International Reading Association's College Literacy and Learning Special Interest Group. Following "Foreword" (Donna E. Alvermann) and "Introduction" (Eric J. Paulson; Michael E. Laine;…

Paulson, Eric J., Ed.; Laine, Michaeline E., Ed.; Biggs, Shirley A., Ed.; Bullock, Terry L., Ed.

420

Research and Teaching: An Analysis of Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) in a Science Lecture Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) is an online tool being used to integrate a writing component in classrooms. In an introductory zoology lecture class, the authors found that CPR-assigned scores were significantly higher than instructor-assigned scores on two of three essay assignments. They also found that neither students' technical-writing skills nor their abilities to convey scientific understanding of articles through summary essays improved during the semester. However, the CPR system offered fairly simple setup and submission for students and decreased grading time for instructors.

Long, David A.; Gaffin, Douglas D.; Hoefnagels, Mari�lle H.; Walvoord, Mark E.; Chumchal, Matthew M.

2008-03-01

421

The next level of radiology peer review: enterprise-wide education and improvement.  

PubMed

It is essential to the future of radiology that our profession own and embrace the objectives and methodology of peer review. The authors describe a natural evolution of peer review away from measurement and error identification toward the goal of performance improvement for the entire profession by allowing everyone to learn from the mistakes of everyone else. This can be accomplished by a comprehensive program of reviewer education, cross-platform anonymous prospective data collection, third-party expert arbitration, and meaningful sharing of results with the entire body of radiologists and residency programs. Such a system would require robust informatics and leadership from provincial and state as well as national radiologist associations. In so doing, apprehension and risk for the individual radiologist could be minimized, while ensuring that everyone benefits from others' mistakes, thereby measurably reducing errors across the entire enterprise. Seldom, and only in cases of significant and immediate patient risk, would an individual's identity and performance ever need to be made visible, even to the administrators of the program. PMID:23642877

Butler, Gregory J; Forghani, R

2013-05-01

422

Tourism in China: A Review of Research in Leading Journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Chinese tourism sector is experiencing one of the highest levels of growth, to the extent that China is set to become the leading world power in tourism within the coming decade. Therefore, studying this important sector deserves particular attention. The aim of this study is to analyze the state-of-the-art of China tourism research by reviewing 95 academic papers published

Rosario Andreu; Enrique Claver; Diego Quer

2010-01-01

423

Reporting Characteristics of Cancer Pain: A Systematic Review and Quantitative Analysis of Research Publications in Palliative Care Journals  

PubMed Central

Objective: A common disorder requiring symptom palliation in palliative and end-of-life care is cancer. Cancer pain is recognized as a global health burden. This paper sought to systematically examine the extent to which there is an adequate scientific research base on cancer pain and its reporting characteristics in the palliative care journal literature. Materials and Methods: Search conducted in MEDLINE and CINAHL sought to locate all studies published in 19 palliative/ hospice/ supportive/ end-of-life care journals from 2009 to 2010. The journals included were: American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care, BMC Palliative Care, Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care, End of Life Care Journal, European Journal of Palliative Care, Hospice Management Advisor, Indian Journal of Palliative Care, International Journal of Palliative Nursing, Internet Journal of Pain Symptom Control and Palliative Care, Journal of Pain and Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy, Journal of Palliative Care, Journal of Palliative Medicine, Journal of Social Work in End-of-life and Palliative Care, Journal of Supportive Oncology, Palliative Medicine, Palliative and Supportive Care, and Supportive Care in Cancer. Journal contents were searched to identify studies that included cancer pain in abstract. Results: During the years 2009 and 2010, of the selected 1,569 articles published in the journals reviewed, only 5.86% (92 articles) were on cancer pain. Conclusion: While researchers in the field of palliative care have studied cancer pain, the total percentage for studies is still a low 5.86%. To move the field of palliative care forward so that appropriate guidelines for cancer pain management can be developed, it is critical that more research be reported upon which to base cancer pain therapy in an evidence-based palliative care model.

Kumar, Senthil P

2011-01-01

424

From QUOROM to PRISMA: A Survey of High-Impact Medical Journals' Instructions to Authors and a Review of Systematic Reviews in Anesthesia Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundThe PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items of Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses) Statement was published to help authors improve how they report systematic reviews. It is unknown how many journals mention PRISMA in their instructions to authors, or whether stronger journal language regarding use of PRISMA improves author compliance.Methodology\\/Principal FindingsAn Internet-based investigation examined the extent to which 146 leading medical journals have

Kun-ming Tao; Xiao-qian Li; Qing-hui Zhou; David Moher; Chang-quan Ling; Wei-feng Yu

2011-01-01

425

Partnership reviewing: a cooperative approach for peer review of complex educational resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Review of digital educational resources, such as course modules, simulations, and data analysis tools, can differ from review of scholarly articles, in the heterogeneity and complexity of the resources themselves. The Partnership Review Model, as demonstrated in two cases, appears to promote cooperative interactions between distributed resource reviewers, enabling reviewers to effectively divide up the task of reviewing complex resources

John Weatherley; Tamara Sumner; Michael Khoo; Michael Wright; Marcel Hoffmann

2002-01-01

426

Publishing integrative landscape research: analysis of editorial policies of peer-reviewed journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Integrative research concepts such as interdisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity are gaining currency in landscape research as well as in the broader context of environmental science. Hence an increasing number of projects apply these approaches. Nonetheless, several epistemological and structural barriers hamper the operationalization of integrative research. Difficulty in publishing results from integrative research is referred to as one of the key

Gunther Tress; Bärbel Tress; Gary Fry

2006-01-01

427

Guidelines for Writing Manuscripts About Community-Based Participatory Research for Peer-Reviewed Journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the importance of disseminating the results of com- munity-based participatory research (CBPR), community health partnerships face many challenges in getting their work published. The purpose of this article is to present practical guides for writing about CBPR for those who have little experience in writing for publication or those who want to help their partners write strong manuscripts for

Bryan C. Bordeaux; Crystal. Wiley; S. Darius. Tandon; Carol R. Horowitz; Pamela Bohrer. Brown; Eric B. Bass

2007-01-01

428

Editorial and Introduction of the Special Issue for the Ninth International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies in the International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Short one page editorial to introduce the +30 peer reviewed papers contained within the Special Issue for the Ninth International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies in the International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control

James J. Dooley; Sally M. Benson; Anhar Karimjee; Edward S. Rubin

2010-01-01

429

EB 2001 Mentoring Symposium - How to Write, Review, and Publish in APS and ASPET Journals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

All the best efforts at the laboratory bench will be wasted if you cannot properly communicate the results of your research in the form of a high quality scientific publication. The APS Women in Physiology Committee and the ASPET Committee on Women in Pharmacology co-organized a Workshop designed to mentor young scientists of both genders on developing effective tools to be able to write, review, and publish manuscripts in APS and ASPET Journals. The panelists drew on their experiences as Editors/Associate Editors of APS and ASPET Journals to provide participants with useful information on scientific writing, such as the importance of writing a clear Introduction, the differences between reiterating your results and discussing your data in the Discussion, and what reviewers look for when they read your submitted manuscript. Scientific writing and reviewing is an exciting challenge rather than a necessary chore. The target audience was graduate students,postdoctoral fellows, and junior faculty members.

Eileen Hasser (University of Missouri - Columbia); Mary Vore (University of Kentucky); Kathleen H Berecek (University of Alabama, Birmingham); Sue Piper Duckles (University of California, Irvine); Dr. Judith A Neubauer (UMDNJ-RW Johnson Med Sch)

2001-04-01

430

Quality of reporting of systematic reviews published in "evidence-based" Chinese journals  

PubMed Central

Background The number of systematic reviews (SRs)/meta-analyses (MAs) has increased dramatically in China over the past decades. However, evaluation of quality of reporting of systematic reviews published has not been undertaken. The objective of this study is to evaluate the quality of reporting of SRs/MAs assessing efficacy and/or harms of clinical interventions published in “evidence-based” Chinese journals. Methods Web-based database searches were conducted for the Chinese Journal of Evidence-based Medicine, the Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine, the Chinese Journal of Evidence Based Pediatrics, and the Chinese Journal of Evidence-Based Cardiovascular Medicine. SRs/MAs assessing efficacy and/or harms of clinical interventions were included. The cut-off was December 31st 2011. The PRISMA statement was applied to assess the quality of reporting. Each item was assessed as follows: ‘Yes’ for total compliance, scored ‘1’; ‘partial’ for partial compliance, scored ‘0.5’; and ‘No’ for non-compliance, scored ‘0’. The review was considered to have major flaws if it received a total score of ?15.0, minor flaws if it received a total score of 15.5 to 21.0, and minimal flaws if it received a total score 21.5 to 27.0. Odds ratios were used for binary variables, and the mean difference was used for continuous variables. Analyses were performed using RevMan 5.0 software. Results Overall, 487 SRs/MAs were identified and assessed. The included reviews had medium quality with minor flaws based on PRISMA total scores (range: 8.5–26.0; mean: 19.6?±?3.3). The stratified analysis showed that SRs/MAs with more than 3 authors, from a university, hospital?+?university cooperation, multiple affiliations (?2), and funding have significantly higher quality of reporting of SRs/MAs; 58% of the included reviews were considered to have minor flaws (total score of 15.6 to 21.0). Only 9.6% of reviews were considered to have major flaws. Specific areas needing improvement in reporting include the abstract, protocol and registration, and characteristics of the search. Conclusions The reporting of SRs published in “evidence-based” Chinese journals is poor and needs to be improved in order for reviews to be useful. SR authors should use the PRISMA checklist to ensure complete and accurate accounts of their SRs.

2014-01-01

431

Peer Review of LBNL Statistical Analysis of the Effect of Vehicle Mass and Footprint Reduction on Safety (LBNL Phase 1 and 2 Reports).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The first section of the document contains the final SRA report summarizin the peer review of the LBNL Phase 1 and 2 Reports, including the detailed comments of each peer reviewer and a compilation of review comments according to the series of specific qu...

2012-01-01

432

PROPOSED INDICATORS FOR THE U.S. EPA'S 2007 REPORT ON THE ENVIRONMENT: TECHNICAL DOCUMENT (EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW)  

EPA Science Inventory

The Proposed Indicators for the U.S. EPA's 2007 Report on the Environment (ROE) were released for both independent external peer review and for a 45-day public review and comment period. Though the public comment period ended July 21, 2005 this information is provided to you as a...

433

Effectiveness of Calibrated Peer Review[TM] for Improving Writing and Critical Thinking Skills in Biology Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on student development with Calibrated Peer Review (CPR)[TM], a web-based tool created to promote writing and critical thinking skills. Research questions focus on whether or not students showed improvement in writing and reviewing competency with repeated use of CPR in a senior-level biology course and whether the difference…

Gunersel, Adalet Baris; Simpson, Nancy J.; Aufderheide, Karl J.; Wang, Li

2008-01-01

434

Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals Research Program of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Summary of a Peer-Review Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the request of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Research and Development, a subcommittee of the Board of Scientific Counselors Executive Committee con- ducted an independent and open peer review of the Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals Research Program (EDC Research Program) of the U.S. EPA. The subcommittee was charged with reviewing the design, relevance, progress, scientific leadership, and

Anna K. Harding; George P. Daston; Glen R. Boyd; George W. Lucier; Stephen H. Safe; Juarine Stewart; Donald E. Tillitt; Glen Van Der Kraak

2006-01-01

435

Journal of Air Transportation World Wide. Volume 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Journal of Air Transportation World Wide's (JATWW) mission is to provide the global community immediate key resource information in all areas of air transportation. Our goal is to be recognized as the preeminent scholarly journal in the aeronautical aspects of transportation. As an international and interdisciplinary journal, the JATWW will provide a forum for peer-reviewed articles in all areas of aviation and space transportation research, policy, theory, case study, practice, and issues. While maintaining a broad scope, a key focal point of the journal will be in the area of aviation administration and policy.

Bowen, Brent (Editor)

1997-01-01

436

Journal of Air Transportation World Wide. Volume 3  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Journal of Air Transportation World Wide's (JATWW) mission is to provide the global community immediate key resource information in all areas of air transportation. Our goal is to be recognized as the preeminent scholarly journal in the aeronautical aspects of transportation. As an international and interdisciplinary journal, the JATWW will provide a forum for peer-reviewed articles in all areas of aviation and space transportation research, policy, theory, case study, practice, and issues. While maintaining a broad scope, a focal point of the journal will be in the area of aviation administration and policy.

Bowen, Brent D. (Editor)

1998-01-01

437

The peer review system (PRS) for quality assurance and treatment improvement in radiation therapy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Peer reviews are needed across all disciplines of medicine to address complex medical challenges in disease care, medical safety, insurance coverage handling, and public safety. Radiation therapy utilizes technologically advanced imaging for treatment planning, often with excellent efficacy. Since planning data requirements are substantial, patients are at risk for repeat diagnostic procedures or suboptimal therapeutic intervention due to a lack of knowledge regarding previous treatments. The Peer Review System (PRS) will make this critical radiation therapy information readily available on demand via Web technology. The PRS system has been developed with current Web technology, .NET framework, and in-house DICOM library. With the advantages of Web server-client architecture, including IIS web server, SOAP Web Services and Silverlight for the client side, the patient data can be visualized through web browser and distributed across multiple locations by the local area network and Internet. This PRS will significantly improve the quality, safety, and accessibility, of treatment plans in cancer therapy. Furthermore, the secure Web-based PRS with DICOM-RT compliance will provide flexible utilities for organization, sorting, and retrieval of imaging studies and treatment plans to optimize the patient treatment and ultimately improve patient safety and treatment quality.

Le, Anh H. T.; Kapoor, Rishabh; Palta, Jatinder R.

2012-02-01

438

Implementing peer review at an emergency medicine blog: bridging the gap between educators and clinical experts.  

PubMed

ABSTRACTEmergency physicians are leaders in the "free open-access meducation" (FOAM) movement. The mandate of FOAM is to create open-access education and knowledge translation resources for trainees and practicing physicians (e.g., blogs, podcasts, and vodcasts). Critics of FOAM have suggested that because such resources can be easily published online without quality control mechanisms, unreviewed FOAM resources may be erroneous or biased. We present a new initiative to incorporate open, expert, peer review into an established academic medical blog. Experts provided either pre- or postpublication reviews that were visible to blog readers. This article outlines the details of this initiative and discusses the potentially transformative impact of this educational innovation. PMID:24810912

Thoma, Brent; Chan, Teresa; Desouza, Natalie; Lin, Michelle

2014-01-01

439

Implementing peer review at an emergency medicine blog: bridging the gap between educators and clinical experts.  

PubMed

ABSTRACTEmergency physicians are leaders in the "free open-access meducation" (FOAM) movement. The mandate of FOAM is to create open-access education and knowledge translation resources for trainees and practicing physicians (e.g., blogs, podcasts, and vodcasts). Critics of FOAM have suggested that because such resources can be easily published online without quality control mechanisms, unreviewed FOAM resources may be erroneous or biased. We present a new initiative to incorporate open, expert, peer review into an established academic medical blog. Experts provided either pre- or postpublication reviews that were visible to blog readers. This article outlines the details of this initiative and discusses the potentially transformative impact of this educational innovation. PMID:24742824

Thoma, Brent; Chan, Teresa; Desouza, Natalie; Lin, Michelle

2014-04-01

440

In-Suit Light Exercise (ISLE) Prebreathe Protocol Peer Review Assessment. Part 2; Appendices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The performance of extravehicular activity (EVA) by National Aeronautics and Space Administration astronauts involves the risk of decompression sickness. This risk has been mitigated by the use of oxygen "prebreathe" to effectively wash out tissue nitrogen prior to each EVA. Now that the Space Shuttle Program (SSP) is being retired, high-pressure oxygen will become a limited resource. The In-Suit Light Exercise (ISLE) Prebreathe Protocol offers several potential benefits including its potential to save 6 pounds of oxygen per EVA. At the request of the NASA Engineering and Safety Center, the peer review convened on October 14, 2010. The major recommendation of the Review Committee was that the ISLE protocol was acceptable for operational use as a prebreathe option prior to EVA. The appendices to Volume I of the report are contained in this document.

Brady, Timothy K.; Polk, James D.

2011-01-01

441

Justice Policy Journal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A publication of the Center on Juvenile & Criminal Justice, the Justice Policy Journal is an âÂÂinternational forum for researchers and policymakers to examine current justice issues and promote innovative policy solutions in a Web-based format that maintains the standards of an academic publication.â Every peer-reviewed article is available for free, and by clicking on the Archives link, visitors can access all articles published in the journal since the first volume from August 2001. Topics range from the rehabilitation of juvenile offenders through technology literacy programs, to the psychological aspects of living as an ex-convict, to police entrapment. This trusted resource would be very helpful to students planning a career in criminal justice and for educators to keep abreast of current criminal justice issues and research.

Macallair, Daniel; Shelden, Randall G., 1943-

2007-03-09

442

UMTRA water sampling technical (peer) review: Responses to observations, comments, and recommendations submitted by Don Messinger (Roy F. Weston, Inc.)  

SciTech Connect

An independent technical review (peer review) was conducted during the period of September 15--17, 1992. The review was conducted by C. Warren Ankerberg (Geraghty and Miller, Inc., Tampa, Florida) and Don Messinger (Roy F. Weston, Inc., West Chester, Pennsylvania). The review was held at Jacobs Engineering in Albuquerque, New Mexico, and at the Shiprock, New Mexico, site. The peer review included a review of written documentation [water sampling standard operating procedures (SOP)], an inspection of technical reports and other deliverables, a review of staff qualifications and training, and a field visit to evaluate the compliance of field procedures with SOPS. Upon completion of the peer review, each reviewer independently prepared a report of findings from the review. The reports listed findings and recommended actions. This document responds to the observations, comments, and recommendations submitted by Don Messinger following his review. The format of this document is to present the findings and recommendations verbatim from Mr. Messinger`s report, followed by responses from the UMTRA Project staff. Included in the responses from the UMTRA Project staff are recommended changes in SOPs and strategies for implementing the charges.

NONE

1993-08-01

443

The Journal of Philosophy, Science & Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The intersection between the fields of philosophy, science, and law is a complex one, and a number of scholars continue to be intimately concerned with exploring the many aspects of the interactions among these disciplines. The Journal of Philosophy, Science & Law is a publication that is dedicated to examining such questions, and has done so since its inception in 2001. Edited by Dr. Jason Borenstein, the peer-reviewed journal has published pieces on gene patents, the role of medical experts in the courtroom, and the notion of truth in the law. Visitors to the site can peruse the archives of the journal, and also sign up to receive updates about the journal from time to time. For those who might be interested in submitting an item to the journal, the site also contains detailed information on the particulars of this process.

444

Research Methods Employed in "American Educational Research Journal,""Educational Researcher," and "Review of Educational Research" from 1978 to 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A content analysis was conducted of three educational research journals published by the American Educational Research Association to review the quantitative and qualitative techniques used in educational research. All articles appearing in these three journals from 1988 through 1995 (total n=1,715) were considered. Research methods were…

Elmore, Patricia B.; Woehlke, Paula L.

445

Business and management in China: A review of empirical research in leading international journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

China’s growing economic importance has led to a significant increase in the volume of empirical research about business and\\u000a management in this country during the last few years. This study reviews the 180 empirical papers focusing on the Chinese\\u000a context that were published in 12 leading international academic journals between 2000 and 2005. A summary of the methodologies\\u000a used and

Diego Quer; Enrique Claver; Laura Rienda

2007-01-01

446

New journal: Algorithms for Molecular Biology.  

PubMed

This editorial announces Algorithms for Molecular Biology, a new online open access journal published by BioMed Central. By launching the first open access journal on algorithmic bioinformatics, we provide a forum for fast publication of high-quality research articles in this rapidly evolving field. Our journal will publish thoroughly peer-reviewed papers without length limitations covering all aspects of algorithmic data analysis in computational biology. Publications in Algorithms for Molecular Biology are easy to find, highly visible and tracked by organisations such as PubMed. An established online submission system makes a fast reviewing procedure possible and enables us to publish accepted papers without delay. All articles published in our journal are permanently archived by PubMed Central and other scientific archives. We are looking forward to receiving your contributions. PMID:16722576

Morgenstern, Burkhard; Stadler, Peter F

2006-01-01

447

Incorrect Citations Give Unfair Credit to Review Authors in Ecology Journals  

PubMed Central

The number of citations that papers receive has become significant in measuring researchers' scientific productivity, and such measurements are important when one seeks career opportunities and research funding. Skewed citation practices can thus have profound effects on academic careers. We investigated (i) how frequently authors misinterpret original information and (ii) how frequently authors inappropriately cite reviews instead of the articles upon which the reviews are based. To reach this aim, we carried a survey of ecology journals indexed in the Web of Science and assessed the appropriateness of citations of review papers. Reviews were significantly more often cited than regular articles. In addition, 22% of citations were inaccurate, and another 15% unfairly gave credit to the review authors for other scientists' ideas. These practices should be stopped, mainly through more open discussion among mentors, researchers and students.

Teixeira, Mariana C.; Thomaz, Sidinei M.; Michelan, Thaisa S.; Mormul, Roger P.; Meurer, Thamis; Fasolli, Jose Vitor B.; Silveira, Marcio J.

2013-01-01

448

The journals of importance to UK clinicians: a questionnaire survey of surgeons  

PubMed Central

Background Peer-reviewed journals are seen as a major vehicle in the transmission of research findings to clinicians. Perspectives on the importance of individual journals vary and the use of impact factors to assess research is criticised. Other surveys of clinicians suggest a few key journals within a specialty, and sub-specialties, are widely read. Journals with high impact factors are not always widely read or perceived as important. In order to determine whether UK surgeons consider peer-reviewed journals to be important information sources and which journals they read and consider important to inform their clinical practice, we conducted a postal questionnaire survey and then compared the findings with those from a survey of US surgeons. Methods A questionnaire survey sent to 2,660 UK surgeons asked which information sources they considered to be important and which peer-reviewed journals they read, and perceived as important, to inform their clinical practice. Comparisons were made with numbers of UK NHS-funded surgery publications, journal impact factors and other similar surveys. Results Peer-reviewed journals were considered to be the second most important information source for UK surgeons. A mode of four journals read was found with academics reading more than non-academics. Two journals, the BMJ and the Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, are prominent across all sub-specialties and others within sub-specialties. The British Journal of Surgery plays a key role within three sub-specialties. UK journals are generally preferred and readership patterns are influenced by membership journals. Some of the journals viewed by surgeons as being most important, for example the Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, do not have high impact factors. Conclusion Combining the findings from this study with comparable studies highlights the importance of national journals and of membership journals. Our study also illustrates the complexity of the link between the impact factors of journals and the importance of the journals to clinicians. This analysis potentially provides an additional basis on which to assess the role of different journals, and the published output from research.

Jones, Teresa H; Hanney, Steve; Buxton, Martin J

2006-01-01

449

U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program 2012 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Report: May 14-18, 2012, Arlington, VA  

SciTech Connect

This document summarizes the comments provided by peer reviewers on hydrogen and fuel cell projects presented at the fiscal year (FY) 2012 U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting (AMR), held May 14-18, 2012, in Arlington, VA.

Not Available

2012-09-01

450

Argument-Driven Inquiry: Using the Laboratory to Improve Undergraduates' Science Writing Skills through Meaningful Science Writing, Peer-Review, and Revision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents preliminary evidence supporting the use of peer review in undergraduate science as a means to improve student writing and to alleviate barriers, such as lost class time, by incorporation of the peer-review process into the laboratory component of the course. The study was conducted in a single section of an undergraduate…

Walker, Joi Phelps; Sampson, Victor

2013-01-01

451

Early Childhood Research & Practice: An Internet Journal on the Development, Care, and Education of Young Children, Spring 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early Childhood Research and Practice (ECRP), a peer-reviewed, Internet-only journal sponsored by the ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education (ERIC/EECE), covers topics related to the development, care, and education of children from birth to approximately age 8. The journal emphasizes articles reporting on practice-related…

Katz, Lilian G., Ed.; Rothenberg, Dianne, Ed.

2002-01-01

452

Measuring severe adverse events and medication selection using a "PEER Report" for nonpsychotic patients: a retrospective chart review  

PubMed Central

We previously reported on an objective new tool that uses quantitative electroencephalography (QEEG) normative- and referenced-electroencephalography sampling databases (currently called Psychiatric EEG Evaluation Registry [PEER]), which may assist physicians in determining medication selection for optimal efficacy to overcome trial-and-error prescribing. The PEER test compares drug-free QEEG features for individual patients to a database of patients with similar EEG patterns and known outcomes after pharmacological interventions. Based on specific EEG data elements and historical outcomes, the PEER Report may also serve as a marker of future severe adverse events (eg, agitation, hostility, aggressiveness, suicidality, homicidality, mania, hypomania) with specific medications. We used a retrospective chart review to investigate the clinical utility of such a registry in a naturalistic environment. Results This chart review demonstrated significant improvement on the global assessment scales Clinical Global Impression – Improvement and Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction – Short Form as well as time to maximum medical improvement and decreased suicidality occurrences. The review also showed that 54.5% of previous medications causing a severe adverse event would have been raised as a caution had the PEER Report been available at the time the drug was prescribed. Finally, due to the significant amount of off-label prescribing of psychotropic medications, additional, objective, evidence-based data aided the prescriber toward better choices. Conclusion The PEER Report may be useful, particularly in treatment-resistant patients, in helping to guide medication selection. Based on the preliminary data obtained from this chart review, additional studies are warranted to establish the safety and efficacy of adding PEER data when making medication decisions.

Hoffman, Daniel A; DeBattista, Charles; Valuck, Robert J; Iosifescu, Dan V

2012-01-01

453

The Electronic Journal as Reflection-on-Action: A Qualitative Analysis of Communication and Learning in a Peer-Mentoring Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Ottawa in Canada offers a peer-mentoring program (whereby an experienced student provides support and guidance to another student) and an associated training program for all peer mentors through its Student Academic Success Service. In addition to the formal training, some peer mentors receive feedback and support through an…

Terrion, Jenepher Lennox; Philion, Ruth

2008-01-01

454

Anthurium: A Caribbean Studies Journal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While some may think the extent of Caribbean literature is limited to the works of Derek Walcott, the website for this journal housed at the University of Miami may help visitors to expand their horizons. Anthurium is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes original works by Caribbean writers and scholars, and appears only in a digital online edition. Started in the fall of 2003, the journal has published pieces on Caribbean slave narratives and new poems on the experiences of indigenous peoples throughout the region. Visitors can also use a number of indices to find works of interest, including those that are organized by author or title. Finally, visitors may also appreciate the fact that there are external links to other digital initiatives, along with a link to the Caribbean Literary Studies program at the University of Miami.

2005-01-01

455

Using Student Peer Review of Experiment Reports in an Undergraduate Physics Class  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A class centered on student design of experiments and peer review of the resulting reports is described. Thirteen students in an honors seminar section of an introductory physics class designed experiments to test various types of paranormal phenomena. Each experimental report was evaluated and ranked by several other students. To give them experience in interpreting controversial results, the students were instructed to slant their experimental reports toward either paranormal interpretations or a non-paranormal interpretation as much as possible within the constraints of the data. Then students evaluated each other's reports using a commentary and ranking form. Survey and interview data obtained after the class indicated an increase in students' confidence in their ability to evaluate media science reports.

Moran, Timothy; Van Hook, Steven J.

2009-01-26

456

Peer Review-Based Scripted Collaboration to Support Domain-Specific and Domain-General Knowledge Acquisition in Computer Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the effectiveness of using peer review in the context of scripted collaboration to foster both domain-specific and domain-general knowledge acquisition in the computer science domain. Using a one-factor design with a script and a control condition, students worked in small groups on a series of computer science problems…

Demetriadis, Stavros; Egerter, Tina; Hanisch, Frank; Fischer, Frank

2011-01-01

457

Calibrated Peer Review: A New Tool for Integrating Information Literacy Skills in Writing-Intensive Large Classroom Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Calibrated Peer Review[TM] (CPR) is a program that can significantly enhance the ability to integrate intensive information literacy exercises into large classroom settings. CPR is founded on a solid pedagogic base for learning, and it is formulated in such a way that information skills can easily be inserted. However, there is no mention of its…

Fosmire, Michael

2010-01-01

458

Calibrated Peer Review Assignments in Science Courses: Are They Designed to Promote Critical Thinking and Writing Skills?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Calibrated Peer Review (CPR), an online program that purportedly helps students develop as writers and critical thinkers, is being increasingly used by science educators. CPR is an enticing tool since it does not require instructors to grade student writing, and instructors can adopt assignments directly from a library. To determine the extent to…

Reynolds, Julie; Moskovitz, Cary

2008-01-01

459

REPORT ON THE SHRIMP VIRUS PEER REVIEW AND RISK ASSESSMENT WORKSHOP: DEVELOPING A QUALITATIVE ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT (DRAFT FINAL)  

EPA Science Inventory

EPA is making available a draft final report of a peer review and risk assessment workshop on shrimp viruses, sponsored by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), National Center for Environmental Assessment (NCEA), on behalf of the Joint Subcommittee on Aquaculture (JSA)...

460

ADDITIONAL PROPOSED INDICATORS FOR THE U.S. EPA'S 2007 REPORT ON THE ENVIRONMENT: TECHNICAL DOCUMENT (EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW)  

EPA Science Inventory

EPA announced their proposal for additional indicators to be added to the EPA's 2007 Report on the Environment (ROE): Technical Document. These Additional Proposed Indicators (see Downloads/Related Links ) were released for both independent external peer review and for an a...

461

Analysis of Outpatient Surgery Center Safety Using an Internet-Based Quality Improvement and Peer Review Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assessing the quality of care delivered in office-based outpatient surgery centers is difficult because formerly there was no central data collection system. The American Association for Accreditation of Ambulatory Surgery Fa- cilities (AAAASF), in its ongoing effort to assess and im- prove patient care, has developed an Internet-based qual- ity improvement and peer review program to analyze outcomes for surgery

Geoffrey R. Keyes; Robert Singer; Ronald E. Iverson; Michael McGuire; James Yates; Alan Gold; Dennis Thompson

2004-01-01

462

Scientific Journal Publishing: Yearly Volume and Open Access Availability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: We estimate the total yearly volume of peer-reviewed scientific journal articles published world-wide as well as the share of these articles available openly on the Web either directly or as copies in e-print repositories. Method: We rely on data from two commercial databases (ISI and Ulrich's Periodicals Directory) supplemented by…

Bjork, Bo-Christer; Roos, Annikki; Lauri, Mari

2009-01-01

463

Reporting of Pediatric Palliative Care: A Systematic Review and Quantitative Analysis of Research Publications in Palliative Care Journals  

PubMed Central

Context: Pediatric palliative care clinical practice depends upon an evidence-based decision-making process which in turn is based upon current research evidence. Aims: This study aimed to perform a quantitative analysis of research publications in palliative care journals for reporting characteristics of articles on pediatric palliative care. Settings and Design: This was a systematic review of palliative care journals. Materials and Methods: Twelve palliative care journals were searched for articles with “paediatric” or “children” in titles of the articles published from 2006 to 2010. The reporting rates of all journals were compared. The selected articles were categorized into practice, education, research, and administration, and subsequently grouped into original and review articles. The original articles were subgrouped into qualitative and quantitative studies, and the review articles were grouped into narrative and systematic reviews. Each subgroup of original articles’ category was further classified according to study designs. Statistical Analysis Used: Descriptive analysis using frequencies and percentiles was done using SPSS for Windows, version 11.5. Results: The overall reporting rate among all journals was 2.66% (97/3634), and Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing (JHPN) had the highest reporting rate of 12.5% (1/8), followed by Journal of Social Work in End-of-Life and Palliative Care (JSWELPC) with a rate of 7.5% (5/66), and Journal of Palliative Care (JPC) with a rate of 5.33% (11/206). Conclusions: The overall reporting rate for pediatric palliative care articles in palliative care journals was very low and there were no randomized clinical trials and systematic reviews found. The study findings indicate a lack of adequate evidence base for pediatric palliative care.

Kumar, Senthil P

2011-01-01

464

Life cycle assessments of municipal solid waste management systems: a comparative analysis of selected peer-reviewed literature.  

PubMed

Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a popular tool used to evaluate the environmental performance of municipal solid waste (MSW) management systems. Although reviews of LCAs of MSW have been undertaken to assess the validity of the 'waste hierarchy,' a recent review of the goal, scope and results of LCAs of mixed-material MSW management systems has yet to be performed. This paper is a comparative analysis of 20 process-based LCAs of MSW published between 2002 and 2008 in a total of 11 English-language peer-reviewed journals. It quantifies the methodological transparency of the studies and the frequency of use of particular system boundaries, types of data sources, environmental impact categories, impact weightings, economic valuations, sensitivity analyses, and LCA computer models. Net energy use (NEU), global warming potential (GWP), and acidification potential (AP) values for various types of MSW management systems are also compared using statistical indicators. The reviewed LCAs differ substantially in their system boundaries. Half or more of the LCAs either do not mention or are unclear in whether or not life cycle emissions from energy inputs or capital equipment are included in the calculation of results. Only four impact categories are common to more than half of the reviewed LCAs. The human and ecological toxicity impact categories are much less common than global warming potential, acidification, and eutrophication. A financial life cycle costing is present in eight of the reviewed LCAs, while an economic valuation of the environmental impacts is observed in five. Explicit sensitivity analyses are present in 4/20 of the studies, although many more LCAs evaluate the effects of varying model parameters by increasing the number of waste management scenarios. There is no consensus on whether or not to use the marginal or average source of electricity in calculating environmental impacts. Eight out of the 20 do not mention this source while the remaining LCAs are evenly split between the marginal and average electricity source. One quarter of the reviewed LCAs supply weighted results for the overall environmental performance of MSW management scenarios. All but one of these concurred with the 'hierarchy of waste' that the environmental performance of landfilling is lower than that of all the other treatment methods, and that thermal treatments are inferior to recycling. The comparative analyses of the NEU, GWP and AP results are based on 37, 45, and 42 MSW management scenarios, respectively. As measures of statistical dispersion, the interquartile ranges of the NEU, GWP and AP values are lowest for the landfilling (AP, NEU) and thermal treatment (GWP) scenarios. The results of the statistical analysis of the NEU, AP and GWP values appear to indicate that thermal treatment scenarios have a better environmental performance than landfilling, while the results for mixed treatment scenarios are less obvious. A comparison of the relative environmental performances of MSW treatment scenario types within each study did not provide a clear confirmation or repudiation of the waste hierarchy. This paper concludes that many recently published LCAs do not ensure that the methodological assumptions are made clear to the reader. Lack of transparency makes the results difficult to interpret, and hampers meaningful comparisons between the LCA results. A convergence in the adoption of particular assumptions that are more representative of MSW management systems would facilitate the comparison of the results. PMID:19682746

Cleary, Julian

2009-11-01

465

Development, implementation and evaluation of a peer review of teaching (PRoT) initiative in nursing education.  

PubMed

For many years, an area of research in higher education has been emerging around the development and implementation of fair and effective peer evaluation programs. Recently, a new body of knowledge has developed regarding the development and implementation of fair and effective peer evaluation programs resulting in formative and summative evaluations. The purpose of this article is to describe the development, implementation, and evaluation of a peer review of teaching (PRoT) program for nursing faculty, initiated at one small comprehensive university in the northeastern United States. Pairs of nursing faculty evaluated each other's teaching, syllabi, and course materials after collaborating in a pre-evaluation conference to discuss goals of the classroom visit. Qualitative data gathered in post project focus groups revealed that faculty found their modified PRoT process to be a mutually beneficial experience that was more useful, flexible and collegial, and less stressful than their previous evaluation process. PMID:24893326

Mager, Diana R; Kazer, Meredith W; Conelius, Jaclyn; Shea, Joyce; Lippman, Doris T; Torosyan, Roben; Nantz, Kathryn

2014-01-01

466

Errors in science: the role of reviewers.  

PubMed

Reviewers play a key role in science, although studies suggest the current peer-reviewing system has faults. We propose to introduce a quality control system to evaluate each journal's review process, and produce a Review Quality Index. We propose four schemes that have the potential to reduce errors in a key step in scientific decision making: the reviewing process. PMID:24875588

Székely, Tamás; Krüger, Oliver; Krause, E Tobias

2014-07-01

467

A quality control system involving peer review of abnormal cervical smears.  

PubMed

An internal quality control system which is used in the centralized cytology laboratory of a population-based cervical cancer screening programme in Florence is described. It includes a peer review procedure. Abnormal cervical smears are circulated among all the cytologists and a consensus on the final diagnosis is reached. This daily procedure is designed to evaluate the performance of each cytologist and of the laboratory as a whole but can also be considered a valuable training opportunity. During an 18-month period 1197 smears were reviewed by 15 readers using a reporting form with six main categories of reporting (from 'negative' to 'invasive carcinoma'), plus an 'unsatisfactory' category. Overall the concordance between the 15 cytologists, assessed using the kappa statistic (range 0.46-0.71; median 0.60), was good. The level of agreement increased when a weighted kappa statistic (range 0.55-0.78; median 0.68) was used. Kappa values were also calculated for specific categories and suggested an increasing concordance with increasing severity of the lesions, the categories of 'severe dysplasia' and 'invasive carcinoma' showing the highest agreement. The poor results for the 'moderate dysplasia' confirmed the need for combining this group with the 'severe dysplasia', as proposed in the Bethesda system. PMID:8453014

Palli, D; Confortini, M; Biggeri, A; Russo, A; Cariaggi, P; Carozzi, F; Minuti, P A

1993-01-01

468

Early Citability of Data vs Peer-Review like Data Publishing Procedures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The World Data Center for Climate (WDCC) hosted at the German Climate Computing Center (DKRZ) was one of the first data centers, which established a peer-review like data publication procedure resulting in DataCite DOIs. Data in the long-term archive (LTA) is diligently reviewed by data managers and data authors to grant high quality and widely reusability of the published data. This traditional data publication procedure for LTA data bearing DOIs is very time consuming especially for WDCC's high data volumes of climate model data in the order of multiple TBytes. Data is shared with project members and selected scientists months before the data is long-term archived. The scientific community analyses and thus reviews the data leading to data quality improvements. Scientists wish to cite these unstable data in scientific publications before the long-term archiving and the thorough data review process are finalized. A concept for early preprint DOIs for shared but not yet long-term archived data is presented. Requirements on data documentation, persistence and quality and use cases for preprint DOIs within the data life-cycle are discussed as well as questions of how to document the differences of the two DOI types and how to relate them to each other with the recommendation to use LTA DOIs in citations. WDCC wants to offer an additional user service for early citations of data of basic quality without compromising the LTA DOIs, i.e. WDCC's standard DOIs, as trustworthy indicator for high quality data. Referencing Links: World Data Center for Climate (WDCC): http://www.wdc-climate.de German Climate Computing Center (DKRZ): http://www.dkrz.de DataCite: http://datacite.org

Stockhause, Martina; Höck, Heinke; Toussaint, Frank; Lautenschlager, Michael

2014-05-01

469

Peer review of the Three Mile Island Unit 2 Vessel Investigation Project metallurgical examinations  

SciTech Connect

Fifteen samples recovered from the lower head of the Three Mile Island (TMI) Unit 2 nuclear reactor pressure vessel were subjected to detailed metallurgical examinations by the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL), with supporting work carried out by Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) and several of the European participants. These examinations determined that a portion of the lower head, a so-called elliptical ``hot spot`` measuring {approx}0.8 {times} 1 m, reached temperatures as high as 1100{degrees}C during the accident and cooled from these temperatures at {approx}10--100{degrees}C/min. The remainder of the lower head was found to have remained below the ferrite-toaustenite transformation temperature of 727{degrees}C during the accident. Because of the significance of these results and their importance to the overall analysis of the TMI accident, a panel of three outside peer reviewers, Dr. Robert W. Bohl, Mr. Richard G. Gaydos, and Mr. George F. Vander Voort, was formed to conduct an independent review of the metallurgical analyses. After a thorough review of the previous analyses and examination of photo-micrographs and actual lower head specimens, the panel determined that the conclusions resulting from the INEL study were fundamentally correct. In particular, the panel reaffirmed that four lower head samples attained temperatures as high as 1100{degrees}C, and perhaps as high as 1150--1200{degrees}C in one case, during the accident. They concluded that these samples subsequently cooled at a rate of {approx}50--125{degrees}C/min in the temperature range of 600--400{degrees}C, in good agreement with the original analysis. The reviewers also agreed that the remainder of the lower head samples had not exceeded the ferrite-to-austenite transformation temperature during the accident and suggested several refinements and alternative procedures that could have been employed in the original analysis.

Bohl, R.W.; Gaydos, R.G.; Vander Voort, G.F.; Diercks, D.R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1994-07-01

470

Electronic Journal of Differential Equations (EJDE)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An electronic publication (e-journal) dealing with all aspects of differential equations (ODEs, PDEs, integral equations, functional differential equations, etc.), and their applications. The EJDE accepts only first-rate original work, subject to as rigid a peer review process as is applied by print journals. Articles are submitted electronically, refereed, and then provided to the mathematical community electronically. Printed copies of articles are kept at the U.S. Library of Congress, and at the Southwest Texas State University and University of North Texas libraries.

2007-12-13

471

Peer-Review Study of the Draft Handbook for Human-Reliability Analysis with Emphasis on Nuclear-Power-Plant Applications, NUREG/CR-1278.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes a peer review of the draft Handbook for Human Reliability Analysis with Emphasis on Nuclear Power Plant Applications, NUREG/CR-1278. The purpose of the study was to determine to what extent peers agree with the human behavior models ...

M. Weinstein M. E. Fitzwater R. L. Brune

1983-01-01

472

The use of self-, peer and co-assessment in higher education: A review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growing demand for lifelong learners and reflective practitioners has stimulated a re-evaluation of the relationship between learning and its assessment, and has influenced to a large extent the development of new assessment forms such as self-, peer, and co-assessment. Three questions are discussed: (1) what are the main findings from research on new assessment forms such as self-, peer

F. Dochy; M. Segers; D. Sluijsmans

1999-01-01

473

Electronic Journal of Qualitative Theory of Differential Equations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Electronic Journal of Qualitative Theory of Differential Equations (EJQDTE) publishes peer-reviewed articles related to "the qualitative theory (stability, periodicity, soundness, etc.) of differential equations (ODE's, PDE's, integral equations, functional differential equations, etc.) and their applications." Proceedings of conferences are also available in the journal. Every three to four years, the EJQDTQ will publish the proceedings of the Colloquium of Qualitative Theory of Differential Equations organized by the Bolyai Institute. Journal volumes from 1998 and 1999 are currently available at the site.

1998-01-01

474

Faculty Perceptions of Electronic Journals as Scholarly Communication: A Question of Prestige and Legitimacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines perceptions of faculty and promotion and tenure-committee members regarding the perceived prestige and legitimacy of electronic journals as an outlet for scholarly communication. Respondents gave the greatest importance to the role of peer-reviewed publications to the tenure, promotion, and merit-review process; therefore, the long-term…

Speier, Cheri; Palmer, Jonathan; Wren, Daniel; Hahn, Susan

1999-01-01

475

Qualitative Research in Distance Education: An Analysis of Journal Literature 2005-2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review study examines the current research literature in distance education for the years 2005 to 2012. The author found 382 research articles published during that time in four prominent peer-reviewed research journals. The articles were classified and coded as quantitative, qualitative, or mixed methods. Further analysis found another…

Hauser, Laura

2013-01-01

476

Journal Reviewer Ratings: Issues of Particularistic Bias, Agreement, and Predictive Validity within the Manuscript Review Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewer evaluations and recommendations for 853 manuscript submissions, over a span of 4 years, are analyzed for evidence of particularistic bias, reviewer agreement, and predictive validity for forecasting a published manuscript's citation impact. Attributes of the submitters, their affiliated institutions, and the reviewers have little…

Vecchio, Robert P.

2006-01-01

477