Note: This page contains sample records for the topic peer reviewed journal from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Afterword - Why Peer Review Journals?  

Microsoft Academic Search

More than 50% of academic libraries' budgets are spent on peer review journal subscriptions [1]. One may wonder why these publications (often) with plain and dull covers (unlike those attractive, colorful magazines on newsstands), small subscription base and specialized readership carry such importance. The reason is simple. Publishing a journal for interested researchers, academics, and practitioners benefits the advancement of

Ellen Yi-Luen Do

2003-01-01

2

The Relationship of Previous Training and Experience of Journal Peer Reviewers to Subsequent Review Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundPeer review is considered crucial to the selection and publication of quality science, but very little is known about the previous experiences and training that might identify high-quality peer reviewers. The reviewer selection processes of most journals, and thus the qualifications of their reviewers, are ill defined. More objective selection of peer reviewers might improve the journal peer review process

Michael L. Callaham; John Tercier

2007-01-01

3

Accelerated Peer-Review Journal Usage Technique for Undergraduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The internet has given undergraduate students ever-increasing access to academic journals via search engines and online databases. However, students typically do not have the ability to use these journals effectively. This often poses a dilemma for instructors. The accelerated peer-review journal usage (APJU) technique provides a way for…

Wallace, J. D.

2008-01-01

4

Are road safety evaluation studies published in peer reviewed journals more valid than similar studies not published in peer reviewed journals?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The peer review system of scientific journals is commonly assumed to prevent seriously flawed research from getting published. This paper compares the quality of 44 road safety evaluation studies published in peer reviewed journals to the quality of 79 evalutation studies dealing with the same safety measures, but not published in peer reviewed journals, in terms of seven criteria of

Rune Elvik

1998-01-01

5

Consistency between Peer Reviewers for a Clinical Specialty Journal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Analysis of reliability among peer reviews of 422 unsolicited articles for the "Journal of Clinical Anesthesia" found that most articles' reviews were consistent or near consistent. However, articles reviewed by two of the editorial board members were much less likely to be accepted than those read by two nonmembers. (Author/MSE)|

Cullen, David J.; Macaulay, Anne

1992-01-01

6

A new age of peer reviewed scientific journals  

PubMed Central

The principles of peer reviewed scientific publications date back two and one-half centuries to the origins of Medical Essays and Observations published by the Royal Society of Edinburgh (1731). This year (2012) is notable in that perhaps the most prestigious and best-known medical journal, the New England Journal of Medicine, crossed the second century mark. The methodologies of peer review have undeniably served medicine well and helped to usher in unimaginable advances in human health. Despite such illustrious history, the winds of change are in the air.

Adler, John R.

2012-01-01

7

On becoming a peer reviewer for a neuropsychology journal.  

PubMed

The peer-review process is an invaluable service provided by the professional community, and it provides the critical foundation for the advancement of science. However, there is remarkably little systematic guidance for individuals who wish to become part of this process. This paper, written from the perspective of reviewers and editors with varying levels of experience, provides general guidelines and advice for new reviewers in neuropsychology, as well as outlining benefits of participation in this process. It is hoped that the current information will encourage individuals at all levels to become involved in peer-reviewing for neuropsychology journals. PMID:19640873

Duff, Kevin; O'Bryant, Sid E; Westervelt, Holly James; Sweet, Jerry J; Reynolds, Cecil R; van Gorp, Wilfred G; Tranel, Daniel; McCaffrey, Robert J

2009-07-29

8

Can open access repositories and peer-reviewed journals coexist?  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is often assumed that open access repositories and peer-reviewed journals are in competition with each other and therefore will in the long term be unable to coexist. This paper takes a critical look at that assumption. It draws on the available evidence of actual practice which indicates that coexistence is possible at least in the medium term. It discusses

Stephen Pinfield

2007-01-01

9

Scientific composition and review of manuscripts for publication in peer-reviewed dental journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides an extensive tutorial for writers and reviewers involved with the preparation and evaluation of manuscripts submitted for publication in dental journals. The contents were compiled from the Instructions for Authors printed in various peer-reviewed dental journals and from feedback from 10 workshops conducted for the Editorial Review Board of the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. The 10 major

Stephen C. Bayne; Glen P. McGivney; Sarah C. Mazer

10

Writing narrative literature reviews for peer-reviewed journals: secrets of the trade  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo describe and discuss the process used to write a narrative review of the literature for publication in a peer-reviewed journal. Publication of narrative overviews of the literature should be standardized to increase their objectivity.

Bart N. Green; Claire D. Johnson; Alan Adams

2006-01-01

11

First CytoJournal Peer-Reviewer's Retreat in 2006 - Open access, peer-review, and impact factor  

PubMed Central

CytoJournal organized its first Peer-Reviewer's Retreat of 2006 during the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology Annual Meeting at Atlanta on Feb 12, 2006. The major topics discussed were open access, peer review, and impact factors. Representative participants volunteered to join the task force to prepare an instructional guide for peer-reviewing cytopathology manuscripts. Concern about the impact factor for CytoJournal was discussed. A feedback to its readers and authors was recommended. Impact factor calculation needs at least three years of journal statistics. It is only possible after two years from the time a journal is first accepted by Thomson-ISI for citation tracking. CytoJournal is still too new for an impact factor to be calculated. However, general progress of CytoJournal suggests an encouraging pattern for high impact factor.

Shidham, Vinod B; Sandweiss, Lynn; Atkinson, Barbara F

2006-01-01

12

Accuracy in the Identification of Scholarly and Peer-Reviewed Journals and the Peer-Review Process Across Disciplines  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first section of this paper examines the accuracy of the two major periodical directories, Ulrich's (UL) and Serials Directory (SD), in identifying scholarly and peer-reviewed journals. There were significant discrepancies found between SD and UL. A similar difference was also found between SD and journal-provided information, while UL closely reflected journal-provided information.The second section looks at the differences and

Robert G. Bachand; Pamela P. Sawallis

2003-01-01

13

Seeing the Sites: Latin American Studies Online: A Review of Free Peer-Reviewed Journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public services librarians seeking to assist researchers in Latin American studies are increasingly augmenting their searches to include online publications not generally indexed in typical library journal and newspaper databases. Allan Scherlen introduces us to this multifaceted world of Web publications in Latin American Studies, centering on two free online peer-reviewed journals that offer an alternative to the traditional subscription

Allan Scherlen

2004-01-01

14

Reviewing the Review Process: Towards Good Practice in the Peer Review of Manuscripts Submitted to Nursing Journals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that there is little consistency among review processes of nursing journals. Recommends a standardized peer review system, establishment of guidelines for referees, and introduction of open rather than anonymous reviewing. (SK)

Burnard, Philip; Hannigan, Ben

2001-01-01

15

Editorial Peer Reviewers' Recommendations at a General Medical Journal: Are They Reliable and Do Editors Care?  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundEditorial peer review is universally used but little studied. We examined the relationship between external reviewers' recommendations and the editorial outcome of manuscripts undergoing external peer-review at the Journal of General Internal Medicine (JGIM).Methodology\\/Principal FindingsWe examined reviewer recommendations and editors' decisions at JGIM between 2004 and 2008. For manuscripts undergoing peer review, we calculated chance-corrected agreement among reviewers on recommendations

Richard L. Kravitz; Peter Franks; Mitchell D. Feldman; Martha Gerrity; Cindy Byrne; William M. Tierney; Margaret Sampson

2010-01-01

16

Best peer reviewers and the quality of peer review in biomedical journals.  

PubMed

Current scholarly publications heavily rely on high quality peer review. Peer review, albeit imperfect, is aimed at improving science writing and editing. Evidence supporting peer review as a guarantor of the quality of biomedical publications is currently lacking. Its outcomes are largely dependent on the credentials of the reviewers. Several lines of evidence suggest that predictors of the best contributors to the process include affiliation to a good University and proper research training. Though the options to further improve peer review are currently limited, experts are in favor of formal education and courses on peer review for all contributors to this process. Long-term studies are warranted to assess the strengths and weaknesses of this approach. PMID:22911533

Gasparyan, Armen Yuri; Kitas, George D

2012-08-01

17

Peer review in 18th-century scientific journalism.  

PubMed

Although the beginnings of "peer review" are frequently associated with the Royal Society of London when it took over official responsibility for the Philosophical Transactions in 1752, antecedents of peer review practices go back to the 17th century. Despite the differences in the academic, social, intellectual, and economic environments of the 18th century and today, we can find interesting and instructive similarities in the way early editors defined and exercised their prerogatives and responsibilities. These concerns extend to ideas and practices that are closely related to what we call peer review or refereeing today. PMID:2406469

Kronick, D A

1990-03-01

18

Peer review and journal impact factor: the two pillars of contemporary medical publishing  

PubMed Central

The appraisal of scientific quality is a particularly difficult problem. Editorial boards resort to secondary criteria including crude publication counts, journal prestige, the reputation of authors and institutions, and estimated importance and relevance of the research field, making peer review a controversial rather than a rigorous process. On this background different methods for evaluating research may become required, including citation rates and journal impact factors (IF), which are thought to be more quantitative and objective indicators, directly related to published science. The aim of this review is to go into the two pillars of contemporary medical publishing, that is the peer review process and the IF. Qualified experts' reviewing the publications appears to be the only way for the evaluation of medical publication quality. To improve and standardise the principles, procedures and criteria used in peer review evaluation is of great importance. Standardizing and improving training techniques for peer reviewers, would allow for the magnification of a journal's impact factor. This may be a very important reason that impact factor and peer review need to be analyzed simultaneously. Improving a journal's IF would be difficult without improving peer-review efficiency. Peer-reviewers need to understand the fundamental principles of contemporary medical publishing, that is peer-review and impact factors. The current supplement of the Hippokratia for supporting its seminar for reviewers will help to fulfil some of these scopes.

Triaridis, S; Kyrgidis, A

2010-01-01

19

Peer review and journal impact factor: the two pillars of contemporary medical publishing.  

PubMed

The appraisal of scientific quality is a particularly difficult problem. Editorial boards resort to secondary criteria including crude publication counts, journal prestige, the reputation of authors and institutions, and estimated importance and relevance of the research field, making peer review a controversial rather than a rigorous process. On this background different methods for evaluating research may become required, including citation rates and journal impact factors (IF), which are thought to be more quantitative and objective indicators, directly related to published science. The aim of this review is to go into the two pillars of contemporary medical publishing, that is the peer review process and the IF. Qualified experts' reviewing the publications appears to be the only way for the evaluation of medical publication quality. To improve and standardise the principles, procedures and criteria used in peer review evaluation is of great importance. Standardizing and improving training techniques for peer reviewers, would allow for the magnification of a journal's impact factor. This may be a very important reason that impact factor and peer review need to be analyzed simultaneously. Improving a journal's IF would be difficult without improving peer-review efficiency. Peer-reviewers need to understand the fundamental principles of contemporary medical publishing, that is peer-review and impact factors. The current supplement of the Hippokratia for supporting its seminar for reviewers will help to fulfil some of these scopes. PMID:21487485

Triaridis, S; Kyrgidis, A

2010-12-01

20

Reviewing the review process: towards good practice in the peer review of manuscripts submitted to nursing journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Publishing in peer reviewed journals is an essential activity for nurses working in higher education. This paper offers some reflections on the processes involve in the reviewing of articles submitted for publication, and explores some ways in which this system may be improved.All journals operate some kind of review process. This can range from, at one end, the editor making

Philip Burnard; Ben Hannigan

2001-01-01

21

How to Write a Scholarly Book Review for Publication in a Peer-Reviewed Journal  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To describe and discuss the processes used to write scholarly book reviews for publication in peer-reviewed journals and to provide a recommended strategy and book appraisal worksheet to use when conducting book reviews. Methods: A literature search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and the Index to Chiropractic Literature was conducted in June 2009 using a combination of controlled vocabulary and truncated text words to capture articles relevant to writing scholarly book reviews for publication in peer-reviewed journals. Results: The initial search identified 839 citations. Following the removal of duplicates and the application of selection criteria, a total of 78 articles were included in this review including narrative commentaries (n = 26), editorials or journal announcements (n = 25), original research (n = 18), and journal correspondence pieces (n = 9). Discussion: Recommendations for planning and writing an objective and quality book review are presented based on the evidence gleaned from the articles reviewed and from the authors' experiences. A worksheet for conducting a book review is provided. Conclusions: The scholarly book review serves many purposes and has the potential to be an influential literary form. The process of publishing a successful scholarly book review requires the reviewer to appreciate the book review publication process and to be aware of the skills and strategies involved in writing a successful review.

Lee, Alexander D.; Green, Bart N.; Johnson, Claire D.; Nyquist, Julie

2010-01-01

22

Writing and Publishing a Research Paper in a Peer-Reviewed Journal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Writing and publishing a research paper in a peer-reviewed journal is a complicated process. This paper tries to take some of the mystery out of that process by describing how a good research paper should be structured, and how the journal submission process works.

Porter, Stephen R.

2007-01-01

23

Writing and Publishing a Research Paper in a Peer-Reviewed Journal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Writing and publishing a research paper in a peer-reviewed journal is a complicated process. This paper tries to take some of the mystery out of that process by describing how a good research paper should be structured, and how the journal submission process works.|

Porter, Stephen R.

2007-01-01

24

Online survey of nursing journal peer reviewers: indicators of quality in manuscripts.  

PubMed

Nursing journal peer reviewers (N = 1,675) completed a 69-item online survey that assessed their views on manuscripts' contributions to nursing, priorities in writing reviews, use of journal impact factor, and other areas related to indicators of quality. They reported using contribution to knowledge or research evidence, topic of current interest, and newly emerging area as indicators of a manuscript's contribution to nursing. In writing their reviews, research rigor and clinical relevance of the manuscript were high priorities. Those familiar with the concept of impact factor were significantly more often not nurses; not United States residents; involved in research; and most often reviewed for journals that published only research or a scholarly mix of research, reviews, policy, and theory. When judging a paper's contribution, nursing journal peer reviewers weigh both research and clinical interests. Most reviewers do not use impact factors and place clinical considerations ahead of impact factors. PMID:21078915

Dougherty, Molly C; Freda, Margaret C; Kearney, Margaret H; Baggs, Judith Gedney; Broome, Marion

2010-11-15

25

Reviewing the review process: towards good practice in the peer review of manuscripts submitted to nursing journals.  

PubMed

Publishing in peer reviewed journals is an essential activity for nurses working in higher education. This paper offers some reflections on the processes involve in the reviewing of articles submitted for publication, and explores some ways in which this system may be improved. All journals operate some kind of review process. This can range from, at one end, the editor making decisions about the suitability for publication of a submitted paper to, at the other end, papers being blind-reviewed by two (or sometimes more) external referees. This paper notes that there appears to be little or no consistency amongst the various nursing journals with respect to reviewing processes. Suggestions put forward in this article for consideration include: the standardisation of peer review systems across journals; the construction of guidelines for referees which caution against ad hominem attacks on authors; and the introduction of 'open' reviewing. PMID:11322816

Burnard, P; Hannigan, B

2001-04-01

26

Peer review for journals: Evidence on quality control, fairness, and innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the published empirical evidence concerning journal peer review consisting of 68 papers, all but three\\u000a published since 1975. Peer review improves quality, but its use to screen papers has met with limited success. Current procedures\\u000a to assure quality and fairness seem to discourage scientific advancement, especially important innovations, because findings\\u000a that conflict with current beliefs are often

J. Scott Armstrong

1997-01-01

27

Perceptions of Ethical Problems with Scientific Journal Peer Review: An Exploratory Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the results of an anonymous survey of researchers at a government research institution concerning their\\u000a perceptions about ethical problems with journal peer review. Incompetent review was the most common ethical problem reported\\u000a by the respondents, with 61.8% (SE = 3.3%) claiming to have experienced this at some point during peer review. Bias (50.5%,\\u000a SE = 3.4%) was the next most common

David B. Resnik; Christina Gutierrez-Ford; Shyamal Peddada

2008-01-01

28

Peer Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines peer review in the National Institutes of Health and in scholarly journals and discusses limitations--time, paperwork, subjectivity, limited resources, and increased instances of misconduct and unethical behavior. Suggests reforms: eliminate anonymity, use review specialists, have institutions monitor their own faculty, and conduct…

Felton, Geraldene; Swanson, Elizabeth A.

1995-01-01

29

Authors' and editors' perspectives on peer review quality in three scholarly nursing journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the quality of peer review in three scholarly nursing journals from the perspectives of authors and editors. Specifically, the study examined the extent to which manuscript reviews provided constructive guidance for authors to further develop their work for publication, and for editors to make informed and sound decisions on the disposition of manuscripts.

Mona M. Shattell; Peggy Chinn; Sandra P. Thomas; W. Richard Cowling

2010-01-01

30

Conflict of interest disclosure policies and practices in peer-reviewed biomedical journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: We undertook this investigation to characterize conflict of interest (COI) policies of biomedical journals with respect to\\u000a authors, peer-reviewers, and editors, and to ascertain what information about COI disclosures is publicly available.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional survey of a convenience sample of 135 editors of peer-reviewed biomedical journals that publish\\u000a original research. We chose an international selection of

Richelle J. Cooper; Malkeet Gupta; Michael S. Wilkes; Jerome R. Hoffman

2006-01-01

31

Reviewing Manuscripts for Peer-Review Journals: A Primer for Novice and Seasoned Reviewers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  The importance of peer review in the furthering of science cannot be overstated. However, most doctoral students and early\\u000a career professionals receive little formal or informal training in conducting peer reviews.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Purpose  In recognition of this deficit in peer reviewer training, the present article was developed to provide an overview of the\\u000a peer-review process at Annals of Behavioral Medicine and describe

Travis I. Lovejoy; Tracey A. Revenson; Christopher R. France

2011-01-01

32

The influence of the civil war in Yugoslavia on publishing in peer-reviewed journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to assess the influence of civil war during recent disintegration of the former Yugoslavia on scientific\\u000a output, as measured by changes in numbers of articles published in peer-reviewed journals. The articles published in journals\\u000a indexed in the Science Citation Index (SCI) were retrieved for the former Yugoslav republics. According to the census of 1991,

Rajko Igi?

2002-01-01

33

A comparison of conflict of interest policies at peer-reviewed journals in different scientific disciplines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientific journals can promote ethical publication practices through policies on conflicts of interest. However, the prevalence\\u000a of conflict of interest policies and the definition of conflict of interest appear to vary across scientific disciplines.\\u000a This survey of high-impact, peer-reviewed journals in 12 different scientific disciplines was conducted to assess these variations.\\u000a The survey identified published conflict of interest policies in

Jessica S. Ancker; Annette Flanagin

2007-01-01

34

An electronic peer-reviewed journal of Earth system science education resources (JESSE)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Journal of Earth System Science Education (JESSE) aims to establish through electronic peer review and publication an orderly collection of resource materials for the broadly defined geoscience and related disciplines involved in Earth system and global change education. JESSE seeks submissions which provide substantive scientific content that challenges and intellectually stimulates educators and students through inquiry across a broad

Martin Ruzek; Donald R. Johnson; Robert Ford; Michael Kalb

2000-01-01

35

Conflict of Interest and Disclosure Policies in Psychiatry and Medicine: A Comparative Study of Peer-Reviewed Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors reviewed and characterized conflict of interest (COI) and disclosure policies published in peer-reviewed psychiatric and nonpsychiatric journals. Methods: The authors examined peer-reviewed publications in the psychiatric (N=20) and nonpsychiatric (N=20) literature. Using qualitative and quantitative approaches, they…

Khurana, Gauri; Henderson, Schuyler; Walter, Garry; Martin, Andres

2012-01-01

36

Conflict of Interest and Disclosure Policies in Psychiatry and Medicine: A Comparative Study of Peer-Reviewed Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The authors reviewed and characterized conflict of interest (COI) and disclosure policies published in peer-reviewed psychiatric and nonpsychiatric journals. Methods: The authors examined peer-reviewed publications in the psychiatric (N=20) and nonpsychiatric (N=20) literature. Using qualitative and quantitative approaches, they…

Khurana, Gauri; Henderson, Schuyler; Walter, Garry; Martin, Andres

2012-01-01

37

Fifteen Guidelines for Helping Education Faculty Get Published in Peer-reviewed Journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Getting tenure at most schools of education in the United States is usually a six- or seven-year process. Typically, junior faculty are expected to demonstrate excellent teaching, to engage in rigorous committee work, and to publish books and articles in peer-reviewed journals. Our experience in academe during the past three decades suggests that non-tenured education faculty sustain incredible stress as

Joseph Sanacore; Donna Alvermann

38

Language use reflects scientific methodology: A corpus-based study of peer-reviewed journal articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, philosophers of science have argued that the epistemological requirements of different scientific fields lead necessarily\\u000a to differences in scientific method. In this paper, we examine possible variation in how language is used in peer-reviewed\\u000a journal articles from various fields to see if features of such variation may help to elucidate and support claims of methodological\\u000a variation among the sciences.

Shlomo Argamon; Jeff Dodick; Paul Chase

2008-01-01

39

Editorial Peer Reviewers' Recommendations at a General Medical Journal: Are They Reliable and Do Editors Care?  

PubMed Central

Background Editorial peer review is universally used but little studied. We examined the relationship between external reviewers' recommendations and the editorial outcome of manuscripts undergoing external peer-review at the Journal of General Internal Medicine (JGIM). Methodology/Principal Findings We examined reviewer recommendations and editors' decisions at JGIM between 2004 and 2008. For manuscripts undergoing peer review, we calculated chance-corrected agreement among reviewers on recommendations to reject versus accept or revise. Using mixed effects logistic regression models, we estimated intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC) at the reviewer and manuscript level. Finally, we examined the probability of rejection in relation to reviewer agreement and disagreement. The 2264 manuscripts sent for external review during the study period received 5881 reviews provided by 2916 reviewers; 28% of reviews recommended rejection. Chance corrected agreement (kappa statistic) on rejection among reviewers was 0.11 (p<.01). In mixed effects models adjusting for study year and manuscript type, the reviewer-level ICC was 0.23 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.19–0.29) and the manuscript-level ICC was 0.17 (95% CI, 0.12–0.22). The editors' overall rejection rate was 48%: 88% when all reviewers for a manuscript agreed on rejection (7% of manuscripts) and 20% when all reviewers agreed that the manuscript should not be rejected (48% of manuscripts) (p<0.01). Conclusions/Significance Reviewers at JGIM agreed on recommendations to reject vs. accept/revise at levels barely beyond chance, yet editors placed considerable weight on reviewers' recommendations. Efforts are needed to improve the reliability of the peer-review process while helping editors understand the limitations of reviewers' recommendations.

Kravitz, Richard L.; Franks, Peter; Feldman, Mitchell D.; Gerrity, Martha; Byrne, Cindy; Tierney, William M.

2010-01-01

40

Perceptions of ethical problems with scientific journal peer review: an exploratory study.  

PubMed

This article reports the results of an anonymous survey of researchers at a government research institution concerning their perceptions about ethical problems with journal peer review. Incompetent review was the most common ethical problem reported by the respondents, with 61.8% (SE = 3.3%) claiming to have experienced this at some point during peer review. Bias (50.5%, SE = 3.4%) was the next most common problem. About 22.7% (SE = 2.8%) of respondents said that a reviewer had required them to include unnecessary references to his/her publication(s), 17.7% (SE = 2.6%) said that comments from reviewers had included personal attacks, and 9.6% (SE = 2.0%) stated that reviewers had delayed publication to publish a paper on the same topic. Two of the most serious violations of peer review ethics, breach of confidentiality (6.8%, SE = 1.7%) and using ideas, data, or methods without permission (5%, SE = 1.5%) were perceived less often than the other problems. We recommend that other investigators follow up on our exploratory research with additional studies on the ethics of peer review. PMID:18311477

Resnik, David B; Gutierrez-Ford, Christina; Peddada, Shyamal

2008-03-01

41

Should Authors Submit Previous Peer-Review Reports When Submitting Research Papers? Views of General Medical Journal Editors  

PubMed Central

Publishing research can be time consuming, as papers are often submitted and reviewed by multiple journals before final acceptance. We hypothesized that attaching previous peer-review reports to the next submission of the paper to a different journal (possibly with point-to-point responses and amendments) could decrease the workload for both reviewers and editors and could shorten the time from final draft to actual publication. We therefore performed an online survey to assess the views of the editors-in-chief of all 100 general medical journals from the citation impact factor report category “internal & general medicine” (ISI Web of Knowledge). Of contacted editors, 61% responded. One of 4 journals do currently receive peer-review reports on occasion. Editors recognized potential advantages but also concerns on using previous peer-review reports across 3 themes: scientific community, quality of papers, and the publication process. The use of previous peer-review reports has the potential to facilitate authors, reviewers, and editors in optimizing peer review in general medical science.

Cals, Jochen W. L.; Mallen, Christian D.; Glynn, Liam G.; Kotz, Daniel

2013-01-01

42

Learning effects of thematic peer-review: a qualitative analysis of reflective journals on spiritual care.  

PubMed

This study describes the learning effects of thematic peer-review discussion groups (Hendriksen, 2000. Begeleid intervisie model, Collegiale advisering en probleemoplossing, Nelissen, Baarn.) on developing nursing students' competence in providing spiritual care. It also discusses the factors that might influence the learning process. The method of peer-review is a form of reflective learning based on the theory of experiential learning (Kolb, 1984. Experiential learning, Experience as the source of learning development. Englewoods Cliffs, New Jersey, Prentice Hill). It was part of an educational programme on spiritual care in nursing for third-year undergraduate nursing students from two nursing schools in the Netherlands. Reflective journals (n=203) kept by students throughout the peer-review process were analysed qualitatively The analysis shows that students reflect on spirituality in the context of personal experiences in nursing practice. In addition, they discuss the nursing process and organizational aspects of spiritual care. The results show that the first two phases in the experiential learning cycle appear prominently; these are 'inclusion of actual experience' and 'reflecting on this experience'. The phases of 'abstraction of experience' and 'experimenting with new behaviour' are less evident. We will discuss possible explanations for these findings according to factors related to education, the students and the tutors and make recommendations for follow-up research. PMID:19027200

van Leeuwen, René; Tiesinga, Lucas J; Jochemsen, Henk; Post, Doeke

2008-11-21

43

Content Analysis of Oncology-Related Pharmaceutical Advertising in a Peer-Reviewed Medical Journal  

PubMed Central

Background The oncology market represents one of the largest pharmaceutical markets in any medical field, and printed advertising in medical journals is an important channel by which pharmaceutical companies communicate with healthcare professionals. The aim of the present study was to analyze the volume and content of and trends and changes in oncology-related advertising intended for healthcare professionals in a peer-reviewed medical journal. Information that could be included in advertisements to promote drug development and improve treatment strategies for cancer patients is discussed on the basis of the results of the analysis. Methods/Principal Findings Overall, 6,720 advertisements covering 13,039 pages in a leading oncology medical journal published (by the American Society of Clinical Oncology) between January 2005 and December 2009 were analyzed. The advertisements targeting pharmaceuticals and clinical trials, in particular, were reviewed. A total of 6,720 advertisements covering 13,039 pages were included in the analysis. For the years 2005–2009, the percentages of total journal pages dedicated to advertising were 24.0%, 45.7%, 49.8%, 46.8%, and 49.8%, respectively. Package insert information and efficacy and safety explanations appeared in more than 80% of advertisements intended for pharmaceutical promotion. From 2005 to 2009, the overall quantity of drug advertisements decreased by approximately 13%, whereas advertisements calling for the enrollment of patients into registration trials increased by approximately 11%. Conclusion/Significance Throughout the study period, oncology-related pharmaceutical advertisements occupied a considerable number of pages relative to other journal content. The proportion of advertisements on ongoing clinical trials increased progressively throughout the study period.

Yonemori, Kan; Hirakawa, Akihiro; Ando, Masashi; Hirata, Taizo; Yunokawa, Mayu; Shimizu, Chikako; Tamura, Kenji; Fujiwara, Yasuhiro

2012-01-01

44

How long is the peer review process for journal manuscripts? A case study on Angewandte Chemie International Edition.  

PubMed

One of the most frequently raised criticisms of the review process for manuscripts is that the length of time between submission of a manuscript and the editorial decision is overly long. Taking the journal Angewandte Chemie International Edition as an example and based on nearly 2000 manuscripts, the present study examined just how long the peer review process takes. PMID:21137690

Bornmann, Lutz; Daniel, Hans-Dieter

2010-01-01

45

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2013-02-01

46

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2013-10-01

47

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2013-03-01

48

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2013-04-01

49

Emerging Infectious Diseases: A Peer-Reviewed Journal Tracking and Analyzing Disease Trends  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US National Center for Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control, offers the full text of its quarterly, peer reviewed journal Emerging Infectious Diseases at its web site. The issues are divided into three categories: Perspectives, dealing with the underlying causes of infectious disease emergence; Synopses, summaries of specific diseases; and Dispatches, "brief laboratory or epidemiologic reports with an international scope." The October-December 1996 issue contains articles on protecting against dangerous emerging pathogens, "Molecular Mechanisms of Bacterial Virulence," and Creutzfeldt-Jacob Disease in the US, among others. Issues are available in HTML, ASCII, .pdf, and PostScript format. A limited number of issues are available in Spanish, French and Chinese.

1995-01-01

50

Learning effects of thematic peer-review: A qualitative analysis of reflective journals on spiritual care  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study describes the learning effects of thematic peer-review discussion groups (Hendriksen, 2000. Begeleid intervisie model, Collegiale advisering en probleemoplossing, Nelissen, Baarn.) on developing nursing students’ competence in providing spiritual care. It also discusses the factors that might influence the learning process. The method of peer-review is a form of reflective learning based on the theory of experiential learning (Kolb,

René van Leeuwen; Lucas J. Tiesinga; Henk Jochemsen; Doeke Post

2009-01-01

51

Fake Peer Reviews, the Latest Form of Scientific Fraud, Fool Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports on how some scientists impersonate outside reviewers for journals and give high marks to their own manuscripts. Scientists appear to have figured out a new way to avoid any bad prepublication reviews that dissuade journals from publishing their articles: Write positive reviews themselves, under other people's names. In…

Fischman, Josh

2012-01-01

52

Fake Peer Reviews, the Latest Form of Scientific Fraud, Fool Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on how some scientists impersonate outside reviewers for journals and give high marks to their own manuscripts. Scientists appear to have figured out a new way to avoid any bad prepublication reviews that dissuade journals from publishing their articles: Write positive reviews themselves, under other people's names. In…

Fischman, Josh

2012-01-01

53

Substantial Agreement of Referee Recommendations at a General Medical Journal - A Peer Review Evaluation at Deutsches ?rzteblatt International  

PubMed Central

Background Peer review is the mainstay of editorial decision making for medical journals. There is a dearth of evaluations of journal peer review with regard to reliability and validity, particularly in the light of the wide variety of medical journals. Studies carried out so far indicate low agreement among reviewers. We present an analysis of the peer review process at a general medical journal, Deutsches Ärzteblatt International. Methodology/Principal Findings 554 reviewer recommendations on 206 manuscripts submitted between 7/2008 and 12/2009 were analyzed: 7% recommended acceptance, 74% revision and 19% rejection. Concerning acceptance (with or without revision) versus rejection, there was a substantial agreement among reviewers (74.3% of pairs of recommendations) that was not reflected by Fleiss' or Cohen's kappa (<0.2). The agreement rate amounted to 84% for acceptance, but was only 31% for rejection. An alternative kappa-statistic, however, Gwet's kappa (AC1), indicated substantial agreement (0.63). Concordance between reviewer recommendation and editorial decision was almost perfect when reviewer recommendations were unanimous. The correlation of reviewer recommendations and citations as counted by Web of Science was low (partial correlation adjusted for year of publication: ?0.03, n.s.). Conclusions/Significance Although our figures are similar to those reported in the literature our conclusion differs from the widely held view that reviewer agreement is low: Based on overall agreement we consider the concordance among reviewers sufficient for the purposes of editorial decision making. We believe that various measures, such as positive and negative agreement or alternative Kappa values are superior to the application of Cohen's or Fleiss' Kappa in the analysis of nominal or ordinal level data regarding reviewer agreement. Also, reviewer recommendations seem to be a poor proxy for citations because, for example, manuscripts will be changed considerably during the revision process.

Baethge, Christopher; Franklin, Jeremy; Mertens, Stephan

2013-01-01

54

Peer Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by Laura Guertin, Pennsylvania State University Brandywine "For generations, the academic community has relied on peer review as a way of enhancing the knowledge base and encouraging serious ...

Guertin, Laura

55

Systematic review of the effectiveness of training programs in writing for scholarly publication, journal editing, and manuscript peer review (protocol)  

PubMed Central

Background An estimated $100 billion is lost to ‘waste’ in biomedical research globally, annually, much of which comes from the poor quality of published research. One area of waste involves bias in reporting research, which compromises the usability of published reports. In response, there has been an upsurge in interest and research in the scientific process of writing, editing, peer reviewing, and publishing (that is, journalology) of biomedical research. One reason for bias in reporting and the problem of unusable reports could be due to authors lacking knowledge or engaging in questionable practices while designing, conducting, or reporting their research. Another might be that the peer review process for journal publication has serious flaws, including possibly being ineffective, and having poorly trained and poorly motivated reviewers. Similarly, many journal editors have limited knowledge related to publication ethics. This can ultimately have a negative impact on the healthcare system. There have been repeated calls for better, more numerous training opportunities in writing for publication, peer review, and publishing. However, little research has taken stock of journalology training opportunities or evaluations of their effectiveness. Methods We will conduct a systematic review to synthesize studies that evaluate the effectiveness of training programs in journalology. A comprehensive three-phase search approach will be employed to identify evaluations of training opportunities, involving: 1) forward-searching using the Scopus citation database, 2) a search of the MEDLINE In-Process and Non-Indexed Citations, MEDLINE, Embase, ERIC, and PsycINFO databases, as well as the databases of the Cochrane Library, and 3) a grey literature search. Discussion This project aims to provide evidence to help guide the journalological training of authors, peer reviewers, and editors. While there is ample evidence that many members of these groups are not getting the necessary training needed to excel at their respective journalology-related tasks, little is known about the characteristics of existing training opportunities, including their effectiveness. The proposed systematic review will provide evidence regarding the effectiveness of training, therefore giving potential trainees, course designers, and decision-makers evidence to help inform their choices and policies regarding the merits of specific training opportunities or types of training.

2013-01-01

56

Scientific evaluation by peer review  

Microsoft Academic Search

In his essay on peer review in the 18th century scientific journalism, David Abraham Kronick (1) pointed out that „ peer review is an essential and integral part of consensus building and is inherent and necessary to the growth of knowledge”. Editorial peer review, however, was far from being a well established institution back at Mendel’s time (2). It is

Nela Popescu

2007-01-01

57

The Usefulness of Peer Review for Selecting Manuscripts for Publication: A Utility Analysis Taking as an Example a High-Impact Journal  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundHigh predictive validity – that is, a strong association between the outcome of peer review (usually, reviewers' ratings) and the scientific quality of a manuscript submitted to a journal (measured as citations of the later published paper) – does not as a rule suffice to demonstrate the usefulness of peer review for the selection of manuscripts. To assess usefulness, it

Lutz Bornmann; Hans-Dieter Daniel; Joel M. Schnur

2010-01-01

58

Peering Into Peer Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Critiquing a colleague's manuscript doesn't have the glamour of discovering rare spectral lines or building huge observatories, but it is central to how science functions. Increasingly, new forms of communication -- press releases, Internet postings -- bypass the peer review. Will this undermine or strengthen astronomy?

Jill S. Price; George Musser; Karenann Caldwell; Abigail A. Hafer

1995-01-01

59

Are Abstracts Presented at the EAU Meeting Followed by Publication in Peer-Reviewed Journals?  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeOur goal was to assess the rate and time-course of peer-reviewed publication of abstracts presented at the European Association of Urology (EAU) Annual Meeting and to identify factors predictive of publication.

Riccardo Autorino; Giuseppe Quarto; Giuseppe Di Lorenzo; Marco De Sio; Rocco Damiano

2007-01-01

60

A Systematic Appraisal of Peer Review Guidelines for Special Education Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evidence-based practice movement in special education has emphasized the use of the scientific process to assist with the identification of effective academic and behavioral strategies. An important but often overlooked aspect of this system is the peer review process in which manuscripts submitted for publication are reviewed by experts to…

Maggin, Daniel M.; Chafouleas, Sandra M.; Berggren, Melissa; Sugai, George

2013-01-01

61

From Control to Networks in Academic Publishing: Introduction of an Open Peer Review International Journal  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the article is to discuss alternatives to the traditional peer review system and reconstruct the review praxis to include ideas from Mode 2 and the second generation of web solutions, often called Web 2.0. The article starts by discussing the concept of Research 2.0, which basically propose a gentle marriage between the concepts Mode 2 in the

Peter Giger; Lena Trojer

62

A Systematic Appraisal of Peer Review Guidelines for Special Education Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The evidence-based practice movement in special education has emphasized the use of the scientific process to assist with the identification of effective academic and behavioral strategies. An important but often overlooked aspect of this system is the peer review process in which manuscripts submitted for publication are reviewed by experts to…

Maggin, Daniel M.; Chafouleas, Sandra M.; Berggren, Melissa; Sugai, George

2013-01-01

63

Authorship problems in scholarly journals: considerations for authors, peer reviewers and editors.  

PubMed

Authorship problems in scholarly journals shake the foundations of research, diminish scientific quality of papers and devalue records of citation tracking services. The 'Publish or Perish' mantra is thought to drive some instances of unfair, honorary authorship, particularly in countries of emerging scientific power. Though causes of honorary, gift, guest and ghost authorship are still ill-defined, it is possible to avoid some of these instances by improving awareness of what constitutes authorship and by adhering to the editorial policies of learned associations. This paper overviews common cases of inappropriate authorship and suggests options to solve related problems by authors, reviewers and editors of scholarly journals. PMID:23124697

Gasparyan, Armen Yuri; Ayvazyan, Lilit; Kitas, George D

2012-11-04

64

Critical feedback on peer review research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of peer review in second language writing has been a quite popular topic in the writing research for the past two decades. However, the question posed here is: Does peer review impact the quality of student writing? The purpose of this paper is to review peer review research published in Journal of Second Language Writing between 1992 and

Yin Ling Cheunga

2011-01-01

65

Is a mechanism such as the NCI's Clinical Alert ever an appropriate alternative to journal peer review?  

PubMed

Responsibly handled, a mechanism such as a Clinical Alert can provide physicians with enough information to deal with the early release of data to the public. The journal peer review system was established primarily as an academic tool to allow publication of scientific work for the purpose of communicating information among scientists and physicians. Since both the number of papers published by an investigator and the quality of the journal publishing them are important to academic advancement, bypassing this system naturally threatens many physicians and scientists. The Clinical Alert, however, served its purpose and was well received by the majority of practicing physicians and the public. In fact, a second Alert was issued by NCI in October 1989 when data became available on the effectiveness of a new adjuvant drug therapy for a common stage of colon cancer (Appendix B) and, at a workshop convened by the National Cancer Advisory Board, where the mechanism of the Clinical Alerts was discussed, it was apparent that most participants felt that maintaining this process was important. In light of the current revolution in biology, the public's interest in receiving the benefits of its financial support of the national research enterprise, and access by the press to both scientific literature and meetings, it seems appropriate for public officials, especially when mandated by Congress, to take the responsibility of releasing some types of data to the public before traditional peer review. Some visible public decision-making process must, however, be used where the pros and cons of early release of a particular data set can be discussed, as was done with the original NCI Clinical Alert.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:1869279

DeVita, V T

1991-01-01

66

Classical peer review: an empty gun  

Microsoft Academic Search

‘If peer review was a drug it would never be allowed onto the market,’ says Drummond Rennie, deputy editor of the Journal Of the American Medical Association and intellec tual father of the international congresses of peer review that have been held every four years since 1989. Peer review would not get onto the market because we have no convincing

Richard Smith

2010-01-01

67

Statistical reviewing for medical journals.  

PubMed

This paper reviews the difficulties associated with being a statistical reviewer for a medical journal. As background, I consider first the use of statistical reviewers by medical journals, medical journals' policies on statistical peer review, and the limited evidence of its effectiveness. The assessment of a manuscript is considered under the headings of design, methods of analysis, presentation and interpretation, with many illustrative examples of the difficulties to be overcome. I emphasize the judgemental nature of many aspects. I suggest how to present and structure the reviewer's report to the editor. Finally, I consider wider issues, including the various other ways in which statisticians can interact with medical journals. PMID:9881413

Altman, D G

1998-12-15

68

The Journal of Earth System Science Education: Peer Review for Digital Earth and Digital Library Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Journal of Earth System Science Education is a new interdisciplinary electronic journal aiming to foster the study of the Earth as a system and promote the development and exchange of interdisciplinary learning resources for formal and informal education. JESSE will serve educators and students by publishing and providing ready electronic access to Earth system and global change science learning

D. Johnson; M. Ruzek; J. Weatherley

2001-01-01

69

The Usefulness of Peer Review for Selecting Manuscripts for Publication: A Utility Analysis Taking as an Example a High-Impact Journal  

PubMed Central

Background High predictive validity – that is, a strong association between the outcome of peer review (usually, reviewers' ratings) and the scientific quality of a manuscript submitted to a journal (measured as citations of the later published paper) – does not as a rule suffice to demonstrate the usefulness of peer review for the selection of manuscripts. To assess usefulness, it is important to include in addition the base rate (proportion of submissions that are fundamentally suitable for publication) and the selection rate (the proportion of submissions accepted). Methodology/Principal Findings Taking the example of the high-impact journal Angewandte Chemie International Edition (AC-IE), we present a general approach for determining the usefulness of peer reviews for the selection of manuscripts for publication. The results of our study show that peer review is useful: 78% of the submissions accepted by AC-IE are correctly accepted for publication when the editor's decision is based on one review, 69% of the submissions are correctly accepted for publication when the editor's decision is based on two reviews, and 65% of the submissions are correctly accepted for publication when the editor's decision is based on three reviews. Conclusions/Significance The paper points out through what changes in the selection rate, base rate or validity coefficient a higher success rate (utility) in the AC-IE selection process could be achieved.

Bornmann, Lutz; Daniel, Hans-Dieter

2010-01-01

70

The "Peer" in "Peer Review"  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Peer review is the best available mechanism for assessing and improving the quality of scientific work. As herpetology broadens its disciplinary and geographic boundaries, high-quality external review is ever more essential. We are writing this editorial jointly because the review process has become increasingly difficult. The resulting delays slow publication times, negatively affect performance reviews, tenure, promotions, and grant proposal success. It harms authors, agencies, and institutions (Ware 2011).

Perry, Gad; Bertoluci, Jaime; Bury, Bruce; Hansen, Robert W.; Jehle, Robert; Measey, John; Moon, Brad R.; Muths, Erin; Zuffi, Marco A. L.

2011-01-01

71

NHEERL'S PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES, 2001-2002, TOTAL = 188 (LIST D)  

EPA Science Inventory

This report contains an attachment in Field 14 listing the citations for all of NHEERL's journal articles published during the period June 2001 through May 2002. The report is broken down by NHEERL Division, and it includes manuscripts that have undergone clearance (but have not...

72

NHEERL'S PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES, 2002-2003, TOTAL = 277 (LIST D)  

EPA Science Inventory

This report contains an attachment in Field 14 listing the citations for all of NHEERL's journal articles for the period June 2002 through the first of May 2003. The report includes manuscripts that have undergone clearance (but have not yet been published) during this reporting...

73

From Dissertation to Publication: Converting Doctoral Research into a Peer-Reviewed Journal Article  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"The Journal of Applied Research in the Community College" (JARCC) actively seeks scholarly submissions on community colleges that originate from doctoral dissertations. Understanding the scope and complexity of community and junior colleges nationally requires multiple vantage points. Newly minted doctorates and doctoral candidates can provide a…

Rodriquez-Kiino, Diane

2012-01-01

74

Training Supplement Winter 2010 Journal of Special Operations Medicine. A Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is the 4th version of the JSOM training supplement. The guidelines contained in this supplement are reviewed and compiled annually by a combined group of SOF physicians, ATPs, SOF medical personnel from all of the SOCOM component branches, and civili...

2010-01-01

75

Evaluative Language in Peer Review Referee Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most international journals and conferences currently use the peer review system to ensure the quality of their contributions. Among the various types of peer review, the "blind" and the "anonymous" review seem to be the most common. Reviewers, or referees, usually write reports anonymously to indicate to authors what they should change in their…

Fortanet, Inmaculada

2008-01-01

76

Peer Review: a Precursor to Peer Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a two?year observation of peer review among first year undergraduates at Loughborough University of Technology. Peer review focuses on the learning benefits of small group work and the development of critical skills among students as a precursor to peer assessment of tutorial contributions. The paper outlines the methodology, design and pitfalls of the peer review process and

Keith Pond; Winnie Wade

1995-01-01

77

Impartial Judgment by the “Gatekeepers” of Science: Fallibility and Accountability in the Peer Review Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

High publication demands and the low acceptance rate of peer review journals place the journal editors and their reviewers in a powerful position. Journal reviewers have a vital role not only in influencing the journal editor's publication decisions, but also in the very nature and direction of scientific research. Because of their influence in peer review outcomes, journal reviewers are

Mohammadreza Hojat; Joseph S. Gonnella; Addeane S. Caelleigh

2003-01-01

78

Ethics of Peer Review: A Guide for Manuscript Reviewers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The peer review of scientific manuscripts is a cornerstone of modern science and medicine. Peer reviewed journals rely on expert and objective review by knowledgeable researchers to ensure the quality of the papers they publish. Moreover, the recommendations the reviewers make concerning publication and the advice they give to authors set the scientific standards of the discipline. In addition, their

Sara Rockwell

79

Peer Review Undergoing Revitalization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Established in the 142,000-student Montgomery County, Maryland, district in 1999, peer assistance and review (PAR)--or "peer review," as it is occasionally called--is actually an old idea. In 1981, the then-president of the Toledo Federation of Teachers, Dal Lawrence, helped create the first PAR program. Almost 30 years later, only a handful of…

Sawchuk, Stephen

2009-01-01

80

Calibrated Peer Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site presents a paper-writing and peer review tool that is available free to educators and students. Calibrated Peer Review is a Web-based program that enables frequent writing assignments even in large classes with limited instructional resources. The program is discipline and level independent.

Review, Calibrated P.; Angeles, University O.

81

Peer Review for Residents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) currently requires experiences in administration for psychiatry residents. In response to this challenge, the authors created a peer review workshop. Methods: The authors report on the design, implementation, and outcome of the peer review workshop for PGY-3 and PGY-4…

Patel, Malini; Hardy, Daniel W.; Chand, Ravi

2005-01-01

82

Training for Peer Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learning the peer-review process by trial and error may not be the most effective way to train the next generation of scientists in how to be effective reviewers. Here are some suggestions from an editor's perspective.

Nancy R. Gough (American Association for the Advancement of Science;Science Signaling REV)

2009-08-25

83

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the editors of the 26th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems proceedings. Reviews were conducted by expert referees from the International Technical Committee to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing. The members of the Scientific Committee who selected and reviewed the papers included in the Proceedings of the 26th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems are: Yulin WU Tsinghua University China François AVELLAN EPFL-LMH Switzerland (principal) Xingqi LUO Xi'an University of Sci & Tech China Martin BÖHLE Kaiserslautern University Germany Gerard BOIS Arts et Métiers ParisTech France Luca D'AGOSTINO University of Pisa Italy Eduard EGUSQUIZA Polytechnical University Catalonia Spain Richard FISHER Voith Hydro Inc USA Regiane FORTES-PATELLA Institute Polytechnique de Grenoble France Aleksandar GAJIC University of Belgrade Serbia Wei YANG China Agriculture University China YinLu YOUNG University of Michigan USA Adrian LUNGU Dunarea de Jos University of Galati Romania Arpad FAY University of Miskolcz Hungary José GONZÁLEZ Universidad de Oviedo Spain Baoshan ZHU Tsinghua University China Hongxun CHEN Shanghai University China Chisachi KATO University of Tokyo Japan Zhenyue MA Dalian University of Sci & Tech China Honggang FAN Tsinghua University China François GUIBAULT Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal Canada Pengcheng GUO Xian University of Technology China Leqing WANG Zhejiang University China Toshiaki IKOHAGI Tohoku University Japan Jiandong YANG Wuhan University China Jianzhong ZHOU Huazhong University of Sci & Tech China Jinwei LI NULL China Rennian LI Lanzhou University of Sci & Tech China Houlin LIU NULL China Juan LIU Tsinghua University China Shuhong LIU Tsinghua University China Xianwu LUO Tsinghua University China Michihiro NISHI Tsinghua University China Peter PELZ Darmstadt University Germany František POCHYLY Brno University Czech Republic Rudolf SCHILLING Technische Universität München Germany Minguan YANG Jiangsu University China Smaine KOUIDRI Université Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris 6) France Kazuhiro TANAKA Kyushu Institute of Technology Japan Xuelin TANG Tsinghua University China Yoshinobu TSUJIMOTO Osaka University Japan Fujun WANG China Agriculture University China Guoyu WANG Beijing University of Sci & Tech China Wenwu SONG NULL China Zhengwei WANG Tsinghua University China Hongyuan XU Tsinghua University China Lefu XIAO NULL China Fan YANG Tsinghua University China Yuan ZHENG Hehai University China Zhigang ZUO Tsinghua University China Hongwu ZHU China Petroleum University China Lixiang ZHANG Yunnan University of Sci & Tech China Shengchang ZHANG Zhejiang University of Tech China

2012-11-01

84

Social Simulation That 'Peers into Peer Review'  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article suggests to view peer review as a social interaction problem and shows reasons for social simulators to investigate it. Although essential for science, peer review is largely understudied and current attempts to reform it are not supported by scientific evidence. We suggest that there is room for social simulation to fill this gap by spotlighting social mechanisms behind

Flaminio Squazzoni; Károly Takács

2011-01-01

85

Marketing Academics' Perceptions of the Peer Review Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Publication in refereed journals is critical to career success for most marketing faculty members, and the peer review process is the gatekeeper for a refereed journal. The study reported here examines marketing academics' perceptions of this peer review process. Based on responses from 653 marketing academics, we find favorable overall…

Bailey, Charles D.; Hair, Joe F.; Hermanson, Dana R.; Crittenden, Victoria L.

2012-01-01

86

Editor’s Note: Peer Reviewing the Peer Review Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

To meet the highest standards of scholarship, liberatory editorial practices need to transition from static peer reviewed to dynamic peer reviewing models that de-couple publication from defective pre-publication peer review requirements, and engage in alternative peer review practices that remain open to all those wishing to review a manuscript at any time in the post-publication phase—encouraging expanded and deepening exchanges

Mohammad H. Tamdgidi

2005-01-01

87

The Potential of Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review of teachers is controversial for several reasons. Some say peer reviewers encroach on the rightful domain of the principal as instructional leader. Others argue that, because peer evaluators are fellow teachers, they may be biased or unwilling to make hard decisions. Many teachers find the prospect of peer evaluation unsettling because…

Johnson, Susan Moore; Fiarman, Sarah E.

2012-01-01

88

The Potential of Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Peer review of teachers is controversial for several reasons. Some say peer reviewers encroach on the rightful domain of the principal as instructional leader. Others argue that, because peer evaluators are fellow teachers, they may be biased or unwilling to make hard decisions. Many teachers find the prospect of peer evaluation unsettling…

Johnson, Susan Moore; Fiarman, Sarah E.

2012-01-01

89

A Reliability-Generalization Study of Journal Peer Reviews: A Multilevel Meta-Analysis of Inter-Rater Reliability and Its Determinants  

PubMed Central

Background This paper presents the first meta-analysis for the inter-rater reliability (IRR) of journal peer reviews. IRR is defined as the extent to which two or more independent reviews of the same scientific document agree. Methodology/Principal Findings Altogether, 70 reliability coefficients (Cohen's Kappa, intra-class correlation [ICC], and Pearson product-moment correlation [r]) from 48 studies were taken into account in the meta-analysis. The studies were based on a total of 19,443 manuscripts; on average, each study had a sample size of 311 manuscripts (minimum: 28, maximum: 1983). The results of the meta-analysis confirmed the findings of the narrative literature reviews published to date: The level of IRR (mean ICC/r2?=?.34, mean Cohen's Kappa?=?.17) was low. To explain the study-to-study variation of the IRR coefficients, meta-regression analyses were calculated using seven covariates. Two covariates that emerged in the meta-regression analyses as statistically significant to gain an approximate homogeneity of the intra-class correlations indicated that, firstly, the more manuscripts that a study is based on, the smaller the reported IRR coefficients are. Secondly, if the information of the rating system for reviewers was reported in a study, then this was associated with a smaller IRR coefficient than if the information was not conveyed. Conclusions/Significance Studies that report a high level of IRR are to be considered less credible than those with a low level of IRR. According to our meta-analysis the IRR of peer assessments is quite limited and needs improvement (e.g., reader system).

Bornmann, Lutz; Mutz, Rudiger; Daniel, Hans-Dieter

2010-01-01

90

Reviewing manuscripts for biomedical journals.  

PubMed

Writing for publication is a complex task. For many professionals, producing a well-executed manuscript conveying one's research, ideas, or educational wisdom is challenging. Authors have varying emotions related to the process of writing for scientific publication. Although not studied, a relationship between an author's enjoyment of the writing process and the product's outcome is highly likely. As with any skill, practice generally results in improvements. Literature focused on preparing manuscripts for publication and the art of reviewing submissions exists. Most journals guard their reviewers' anonymity with respect to the manuscript review process. This is meant to protect them from direct or indirect author demands, which may occur during the review process or in the future. It is generally accepted that author identities are masked in the peer-review process. However, the concept of anonymity for reviewers has been debated recently; many editors consider it problematic that reviewers are not held accountable to the public for their decisions. The review process is often arduous and underappreciated, one reason why biomedical journals acknowledge editors and frequently recognize reviewers who donate their time and expertise in the name of science. This article describes essential elements of a submitted manuscript, with the hopes of improving scientific writing. It also discusses the review process within the biomedical literature, the importance of reviewers to the scientific process, responsibilities of reviewers, and qualities of a good review and reviewer. In addition, it includes useful insights to individuals who read and interpret the medical literature. PMID:20740129

Garmel, Gus M

2010-01-01

91

What's with all this peer-review stuff anyway?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Journal of Physical Security was ostensibly started to deal with a perceived lack of peer-reviewed journals related to the field of physical security. In fact, concerns have been expressed that the field of physical security is scarcely a field at all. A typical, well-developed field might include the following: multiple peer-reviewed journals devoted to the subject, rigor and critical

2010-01-01

92

Approaching Authentic Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some scholars writing about improving students' reading and integrating reading and writing instruction suggest using think-aloud techniques to teach students reading comprehension skills. Using think-alouds to teach reading comprehension and then the read-aloud protocol technique (which is based on think-alouds) for peer review has two major…

Graff, Nelson

2009-01-01

93

Methodologies of Peer and Editorial Review: Changing Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors--drawing on their varied experiences as authors and publishers of a journal and several book series--provide a historical review and consideration of peer review in publishing. They find that scholarly peer review, from the question of signed reviews to the practices of digital publications, is in the midst of change, but that at the…

Selfe, Cynthia; Hawisher, Gail

2012-01-01

94

Methodologies of Peer and Editorial Review: Changing Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors--drawing on their varied experiences as authors and publishers of a journal and several book series--provide a historical review and consideration of peer review in publishing. They find that scholarly peer review, from the question of signed reviews to the practices of digital publications, is in the midst of change, but that at the…

Selfe, Cynthia; Hawisher, Gail

2012-01-01

95

A retrospective analysis of submissions, acceptance rate, open peer review operations, and prepublication bias of the multidisciplinary open access journal Head & Face Medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Head & Face Medicine (HFM) was launched in August 2005 to provide multidisciplinary science in the field of head and face disorders with an open access and open peer review publication platform. The objective of this study is to evaluate the characteristics of submissions, the effectiveness of open peer reviewing, and factors biasing the acceptance or rejection of submitted

Thomas Stamm; Ulrich Meyer; Hans-Peter Wiesmann; Johannes Kleinheinz; Murat Cehreli; Zafer C Cehreli

2007-01-01

96

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this Volume 12 of IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the editors of the 25th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems proceedings, Professor Romeo Susan-Resiga, Dr Sebastian Muntean and Dr Sandor Bernad. Reviews were conducted by expert referees from the Scientific Committee to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing. The members of the Scientific Committee who selected and reviewed the papers included in the Proceedings of the 25th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems are: Anton ANTONTechnical University of Civil Engineering, BucharestRomania François AVELLANEcole Polytechnique Fédérale de LausanneSwitzerland Fidel ARZOLAEDELCAVenezuela Thomas ASCHENBRENNERVoith Hydro Gmb H & Co. KG, HeidenheimGermany Anton BERGANTLitostroj Power d.o.o., LjubljanaSlovenia Gerard BOISENSAM, LilleFrance Hermod BREKKENTNU, TrondheimNorway Stuart COULSON Voith Hydro Inc., YorkUSA Eduard EGUSQUIZAPolytechnical University Catalonia BarcelonaSpain Arpad FAYUniversity of MiskolczHungary Richard FISHERVoith Hydro Inc., York USA Regiane FORTES-PATELLAInstitut Polytechnique de GrenobleFrance Aleksandar GAJICUniversity of BelgradeSerbia Arno GEHRERAndritz Hydro GrazAustria José GONZÁLEZUniversidad de OviedoSpain François GUIBAULTEcole Polytechnique de MontrealCanada Chisachi KATOUniversity of TokyoJapan Kwang-Yong KIMInha University, IncheonKorea Jiri KOUTNIKVoith Hydro Gmb H & Co. KG, HeidenheimGermany Adrian LUNGUDunarea de Jos University of GalatiRomania Christophe NICOLETPower Vision Engineering Sàrl, LausanneSwitzerland Torbjøm K. NIELSENNTNU, TrodheimNorway Michihiro NISHIKyushu Institute of TechnologyJapan Maryse PAGEHydro Quebec IREQ, VarennesCanada Etienne PARKINSONAndritz Hydro LtdSwitzerland František POCHYLYBrno UniversityCzech Republic Stefan RIEDELBAUCHVoith Hydro Gmb H & Co. KG, HeidenheimGermany Albert RUPRECHTUniversity of StuttgartGermany Michel SABOURINAlstom Hydro Canada Inc.Canada Rudolf SCHILLINGTechnische Universität MünchenGermany Qing-Hua SHIDong Fang Electrical Machinery Co.China Aleš SKOTAKCKD Blansko Engineering, a. s.Czech Republic Romeo F. SUSAN-RESIGAPolitehnica University of TimisoaraRomania Geraldo TIAGO FILHOUniversidade Federal de ItajubaBrazil Yoshinobu TSUJIMOTOOsaka UniversityJapan Bart van ESCHTechnische Universiteit EindhovenNetherland Thi C. VUAndritz Hydro Ltd, QuebecCanada Satoshi WATANABEKyushu University, FukuokaJapan Yulin WUTsinghua University, BeijingChina The reviewing process was organized in several steps. First, the 238 abstracts submitted for the symposium were reviewed, and 197 were accepted, with 30 abstracts having recommendations. Second, the authors have submitted 152 full-length papers, and each paper has been reviewed by two referees. The recommendations have been sent back to the authors, in order to prepare the final form or the paper. Third, 118 papers have been received in final form, accounting for the referees recommendations, to be included in the proceedings and to be presented at the symposium.

2010-08-01

97

The Influence of Peer Review on the Research Assessment Exercise  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of peer review within both the scholarly communication system and the UK’s Research Assessment Exercise is reviewed. The common denominator is that of peer-reviewed academic journals, since peer review is used by referees to aid publication decisions and by RAE panel members to evaluate a department’s research performance. We propose that since academic research is now subject to

Valerie Bence; Charles Oppenheim

2004-01-01

98

Peer Review for Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a Web-based application, the PCS-Tool, which can be used for carrying out online peer review. The tool makes it easy to bring together communities of learners from all walks of life for purposes of sharing their written work and receiving feedback on it. In this completely learner-centered environment, writers are able to gain confidence about their written

Caroline Coit; Kira Stöwe

2006-01-01

99

Peer review: innovating change.  

PubMed

Medicine has traditionally focused on specialty and subspecialty expertise, which subsequently leads to fragmentation, inefficiencies, and lack of accountability. From this focus came a new idea: The Institute. The Institute has transformed our culture, fundamentally affecting the way we approach patient care and how we foster accountability rather than blame. It focuses on system failures rather than on individual ones, which ultimately drives us to act. The result is a peer-review process built on strong interdisciplinary relationships. PMID:22529765

Salud, Antonio; Shapiro, David; Rampulla, Tom; Reddin, Karen

2012-01-01

100

The Ethics of Peer Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the need for a self-audit of the academic profession's ethics and peer culture, including clarifying the responsibilities of the profession and articulating the first principles of peer review. (EV)

Hamilton, Neil W.

2003-01-01

101

Student peer review decisions on submitted manuscripts are as stringent as faculty peer reviewers.  

PubMed

The International Journal of Exercise Science is the only student-centered peer-reviewed journal in its field. Upon graduate student first author submissions, two student reviewers and one faculty reviewer are asked to review. On professionally submitted papers, two faculty peers are asked to assess the manuscript. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether graduate students returned similar decisions compared with faculty reviewers who evaluated the same manuscript. In addition, decisions of faculty peers reviewing graduate student- versus faculty-submitted manuscripts were compared. Mean comparisons between groups were evaluated using independent t-tests with significance at P ? 0.05. Graduate students (2.21 ± 0.69) and faculty peers (2.24 ± 0.66) returned similar decisions on student-submitted manuscripts (P = 0.84). Faculty decisions on manuscripts submitted by a professional primary author (1.86 ± 0.77) were not different compared with faculty peers reviewing student manuscripts (P = 0.06). Statistics revealed that graduate students are just as stringent in the peer review process as established reviewers. Additionally, faculty reviewers evaluated manuscripts equally regardless of submission type. PMID:21098383

Navalta, James W; Lyons, T Scott

2010-12-01

102

CONTAIN independent peer review  

SciTech Connect

The CONTAIN code was developed by Sandia National Laboratories under the sponsorship of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to provide integrated analyses of containment phenomena. It is used to predict nuclear reactor containment loads, radiological source terms, and associated physical phenomena for a range of accident conditions encompassing both design-basis and severe accidents. The code`s targeted applications include support for containment-related experimental programs, light water and advanced light water reactor plant analysis, and analytical support for resolution of specific technical issues such as direct containment heating. The NRC decided that a broad technical review of the code should be performed by technical experts to determine its overall technical adequacy. For this purpose, a six-member CONTAIN Peer Review Committee was organized and a peer review as conducted. While the review was in progress, the NRC issued a draft ``Revised Severe Accident Code Strategy`` that incorporated revised design objectives and targeted applications for the CONTAIN code. The committee continued its effort to develop findings relative to the original NRC statement of design objectives and targeted applications. However, the revised CONTAIN design objectives and targeted applications. However, the revised CONTAIN design objectives and targeted applications were considered by the Committee in assigning priorities to the Committee`s recommendations. The Committee determined some improvements are warranted and provided recommendations in five code-related areas: (1) documentation, (2) user guidance, (3) modeling capability, (4) code assessment, and (5) technical assessment.

Boyack, B.E. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Corradini, M.L. [Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Nuclear Engineering Dept.; Denning, R.S. [Battelle Memorial Inst., Columbus, OH (United States); Khatib-Rahbar, M. [Energy Research Inc., Rockville, MD (United States); Loyalka, S.K. [Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States); Smith, P.N. [AEA Technology, Dorchester (United Kingdom). Winfrith Technology Center

1995-01-01

103

The Peer-Reviewing Game  

Microsoft Academic Search

We model a family of peer-reviewing processes as game- theoretic problems. The model helps to understand elements of existing peer-reviewing procedures, and to predict the im- pact of new mechanisms. The peer-reviewing for evaluation of scientific results submitted to conferences involves com- plex decision processes of independent participants. Signif- icant tax-payer money is spent by governments for the ad- vancement

M. Silaghi; M. Yokoo

104

Planning a peer review program.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to provide a basis for the planning and subsequent implementation of a peer review program, concomitant to exploring the perceptions of registered nurses regarding initiating a peer review program in a small midwestern hospital. The study findings indicated that registered nurses liked the peer review process, perceived peer review as helping their professional growth, and indicated a strong desire for education and in-service. Based on the study results, planning and recommendations for further implementation are discussed. PMID:1432199

Jambunathan, J

105

Antitrust and peer review.  

PubMed

An antitrust action against a physician is unlikely if the following guidelines are followed: Do not agree with competing independent doctors on any terms of price, quantity, or quality, or the patients one is willing to serve, the location from which one is permitted to draw patients, or where one will locate offices. Also, do not agree to refuse to offer services to alternate delivery systems. Generally, those who serve on peer review committees are protected if decisions are reached after effort has been made to obtain the facts of the case, after adequate notice and fair hearing procedures are afforded to the physician involved, and when the action has been warranted by the facts and is in the furtherance of health care. An attorney who specializes in antitrust should be engaged. Members of peer review committees should not be in a position to benefit from the decision. They should document all transgressions of the accused, treat the accused fairly, and give him or her the opportunity to have due process. PMID:2038721

Bettman, J W

106

Who Is Writing? Author Affiliation across Peer-Reviewed Journals of Emotional or Behavioral Disorders, 2000-2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of practitioner participation in identifying and maintaining use of best educational practice is well established; however, little is known about the ways in which practitioners contribute to the development and dissemination of those practices within the field of emotional or behavioral disorders (EBD). This review examines…

Schoenfeld, Naomi A.; Janney, Donna M.; Rekart, Jerome L.

2013-01-01

107

Who Is Writing? Author Affiliation across Peer-Reviewed Journals of Emotional or Behavioral Disorders, 2000-2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The importance of practitioner participation in identifying and maintaining use of best educational practice is well established; however, little is known about the ways in which practitioners contribute to the development and dissemination of those practices within the field of emotional or behavioral disorders (EBD). This review examines…

Schoenfeld, Naomi A.; Janney, Donna M.; Rekart, Jerome L.

2013-01-01

108

Science, Policy, and Peer Review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

These are intense times at the convergence between science and public policy. Because issues like climate change, stem cell research and environmental protection are being contested in choppy political water, political interests are being deployed to challenge science and researchers, and also to generate pseudo- scientific claims made in the interest of particular policy ends. In a number of cases reported in Science, administration officials have silenced their own employees, or withheld data selectively from draft reports. Added to that challenge to integrity, there is a new statutory environment that adds some complexity of its own. Beginning with the Data Quality Act, more familiarly the "Shelby Amendment," research results with significant economic impacts through regulation are now available through the Freedom of Information Act. Its successor, the Data Quality Act -- which opens a route of challenge to information released by government or gathered by others and used in advice or regulation has exposed scientists not only to having their primary data reanalyzed for the purposes of others, but to charges of research misconduct. These influences have made journal peer review more challenging in several ways, and I will outline some case examples.

Kennedy, D.

2006-12-01

109

Cooperation between referees and authors increases peer review accuracy.  

PubMed

Peer review is fundamentally a cooperative process between scientists in a community who agree to review each other's work in an unbiased fashion. Peer review is the foundation for decisions concerning publication in journals, awarding of grants, and academic promotion. Here we perform a laboratory study of open and closed peer review based on an online game. We show that when reviewer behavior was made public under open review, reviewers were rewarded for refereeing and formed significantly more cooperative interactions (13% increase in cooperation, P?=?0.018). We also show that referees and authors who participated in cooperative interactions had an 11% higher reviewing accuracy rate (P?=?0.016). Our results suggest that increasing cooperation in the peer review process can lead to a decreased risk of reviewing errors. PMID:22096506

Leek, Jeffrey T; Taub, Margaret A; Pineda, Fernando J

2011-11-09

110

The purpose of peer review in the case of an open-access publication  

Microsoft Academic Search

First scientific journals were simply a way of informing colleagues about new research findings. In due course, they started filtering out unreasonable claims, and introduced a peer-review system. The purpose of peer reviewing changed with time. Since the middle of the past century, commercial publishers have owned a large number of scientific journals and as a result, the marketable value

Georgii A Alexandrov

2006-01-01

111

Shared Journaling as Peer Support in Teaching Qualitative Research Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching qualitative research methods (QRM), particularly early on in one's academic career, can be challenging. This paper describes shared peer journaling as one way in which to cope with challenges such as complex debates in the field and student resistance to interpretive paradigms. Literature on teaching QRM and the pedagogical value of…

Humble, Aine M.; Sharp, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

112

EXPERIENCES WITH PEER-REVIEW EVALUATION IN COMPUTER SCIENCE COURSES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer-review is commonly associated with the publication of research results in international conference proceedings and journals. Variations on peer-review are also a fairly well-established means of evaluation in humanitarian and arts oriented educational programs where there is a stronger emphasis on written assignments and socio-cultural learning than is the case in typical engineering programmes loyal to the behaviouristic teaching model.

Burgess Mark; Frode Eika Sandnes

113

Science Policy Council Handbook: Peer Review.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

EPA's Science Policy Council (SPC) has organized this Peer Review Handbook as guidance to EPA staff and managers on the organization and conduct of peer review pursuant to the Administrator's June 7, 1994 Peer Review Policy statement. The goal of the Peer...

K. L. Dearfield A. R. Flaak

1998-01-01

114

Grants Peer Review in Theory and Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Grants peer review is a family of ex ante methods used by federal agencies to select research proposalsforfunding. This article draws on Chubin and Hackett's 1990 book, Peerless Science: Peer Review and U.S. Science Policy, to examine both the assumptions and theory underlying peer review as an evaluation methodology and the issues that arise in the operation of peer-based systems

Daryl E. Chubin

1994-01-01

115

The student view on online peer reviews  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review is used as an effective quality assurance measure in many contexts, including science, business, programming or education. In education, several studies confirmed the positive effects of peer reviewing on student learning. Based on recent research concerning the role of media in the peer review process this study investigates how students perceive the process, content and effects of peer

Christine Bauer; Kathrin Figl; Michael Derntl; Peter Paul Beran; Sonja Kabicher

2009-01-01

116

The Dedisciplining of Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The demand for greater public accountability is changing the nature of ex ante peer review at public science agencies worldwide. Based on a four year research project, this essay examines these changes through an analysis of the process of grant proposal review at two US public science agencies, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the…

Frodeman, Robert; Briggle, Adam

2012-01-01

117

The Dedisciplining of Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The demand for greater public accountability is changing the nature of ex ante peer review at public science agencies worldwide. Based on a four year research project, this essay examines these changes through an analysis of the process of grant proposal review at two US public science agencies, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the…

Frodeman, Robert; Briggle, Adam

2012-01-01

118

A quick guide to writing a solid peer review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientific integrity and consensus rely on the peer review process, a defining feature of scientific discourse that subjects the literature forming the foundation of credible knowledge in a scientific field to rigorous scrutiny. However, there is surprisingly little training in graduate school on how to develop this essential skill [Zimmerman et al., 2011] or discussion of best practices to ensure that reviewers at all levels efficiently provide the most useful review. Even more challenging for the novice peer reviewer is that journals also vary widely in their review guidelines. Nonetheless, the goals of peer review are crystal clear: to ensure the accuracy and improve the quality of published literature through constructive criticism. To make the peer review process as efficient and productive as possible, you may want to consider a few useful approaches to tackling major steps throughout your review, from contemplating a review request and reading and assessing the manuscript to writing the review and interacting with the journal's editors (see Figure 1). These tips are particularly relevant for graduate students or other first-time reviewers, but they may also be useful to experienced reviewers and to journal editors seeking to enhance their publication's processes.

Nicholas, Kimberly A.; Gordon, Wendy S.

2011-07-01

119

Peer Reviewers Learn from Giving Comments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on peer reviewing has revealed that comments received from peer reviewers are helpful when it comes to making revisions in an individual's writing, but the role of providing comments to peer writers has been little explored despite the potential value of such research. In this study, we explored how student reviewers learn by reviewing

Cho, Young Hoan; Cho, Kwangsu

2011-01-01

120

Reliability of reviewer ratings in the manuscript peer review process: an opportunity for improvement.  

PubMed

Accountability to authors and readers cannot exist without proper peer review practices. Thus, the information a journal seeks from its peer reviewers and how it makes use of this information is paramount. Disagreement amongst peer reviewers can be considerable, resulting in very diverse comments to authors. Incorporating a clear scoring system for key concrete items and requiring referees to provide justification for scores may ensure that reviewers contribute in a consistently fair and effective manner. This article evaluates information collected from reviewers and proposes an example of a system that aims to improve accountability, while having the potential to make it easier for reviewers to perform a more objective review. PMID:23805832

Onitilo, Adedayo A; Engel, Jessica M; Salzman-Scott, Sherry A; Stankowski, Rachel V; Doi, Suhail A R

2013-01-01

121

Journalism and Institutional Review Boards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author opposes any Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) overseeing the work of journalism professors and journalism students in any academic institution. He argues that the tendency for IRBs to require anonymity for persons interviewed immediately reduces the credibility of any journalistic story. The composition of an IRB is questioned on…

Dash, Leon

2007-01-01

122

Peer review, politics and pluralism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first part of this paper describes the editorial decisions that led to the publishing of The Skeptical Environmentalist (TSE) and the rejection of requests by critics that Cambridge should cease publication on the grounds of claims that it had not been peer-reviewed and that it would be abused by right wing political interests seeking justification for opposing new environmental

Chris Harrison

2004-01-01

123

Peer Review, 2000-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Volumes 3 and 4 of "Peer Review," a quarterly digest of emerging trends and key debates in undergraduate education, are collected in this document. Each issue contains articles on one or more featured topics, a discussion of resources on a related topic, and news from the Association of American Colleges and Universities. The issues, with some…

Heller, Rafael, Ed.

2001-01-01

124

Rebound peer review: a viable recourse for aggrieved authors?  

PubMed

Scholarly peer review represents the linchpin of academic publishing. Recognized benefits of the peer review system are manifold. Critics raise several valid concerns that deserve attention. Several studies show that the current peer review system lacks robustness and is subject to bias in favor of well-established research groups and "mainstream" theories. Hypotheses that harmonize with that of the leaders in the field are more likely to be accepted for publication in prestigious journals than heretic or radical ones. Then, there is the risk posed by the potentially unscrupulous reviewer. Alternatives to traditional peer review have been tried but the outcomes fall much short of expectations. Postreview rejection can be equally frustrating for the author and editor particularly when they are victims of limitations of the blinded forms of review. To provide recourse for authors who felt that their work has been rejected not because of the quality of science but because of the constraints of the peer review system, ARS introduces a rebound track for peer review ( www.liebertpub.com/ars ). The rebound peer review track is a two-tier process that represents a hybrid of partially blinded and open peer review systems. The goal is to make sure that every author has the opportunity to rescue their rejected work which they feel may have been victimized by the glitches of the current peer review system. I invite affected authors to make full use of this experimental mechanism so we know whether the rebound peer review should prevail as a viable recourse. PMID:22098370

Sen, Chandan K

2011-12-07

125

The principles and practices of peer review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The principles and practices of research peer review are described. While the principles are fundamentally generic and apply\\u000a to peer review across the full spectrum of performing institutions as well as to manuscript\\/proposal\\/program peer review,\\u000a the focus of this paper is peer review of proposed and ongoing programs in federal agencies. The paper describes desireable\\u000a characteristics and important intangible factors

Ronald N. Kostoff

1997-01-01

126

Peer Review Process  

Cancer.gov

Upon receipt, applications will be reviewed by the Center for Scientific Review (CSR) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) for completeness and conformance to all eligibility requirements and special provisions and requirements. Incomplete applications will be returned to the applicant without further consideration.

127

Peer Review Process  

Cancer.gov

Upon receipt, applications will be reviewed by the Center for Scientific Review (CSR) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) for completeness and conformance to all eligibility requirements and special provisions and requirements. Incomplete or ineligible applications will be returned to the applicant without further consideration.

128

Peer Review Process  

Cancer.gov

Upon receipt, competing applications will be reviewed both by the Center for Scientific Review (CSR) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) for completeness and for conformance to all eligibility requirements and special provisions and requirements. Incomplete applications will be returned to the applicant without further consideration.

129

Planning for Peer Review of Teaching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Peer review of teaching can help departments improve their treatment of teaching as disciplinary scholarship. Peer review encourages collegial discussion about teaching and creates a framework for thorough evaluation of teaching. The authors of this article reviewed literature that describes the benefits of peer review, and that which describes steps for implementing departmental peer review programs. The benefits of a well-designed, well-implemented system of peer review include improved teaching, elevated morale and productivity, and closer working relationships in a department. Steps to creating an effective, beneficial peer review program include describing the goals of the program, describing good teaching in a department, crafting clear and equitable review procedures, training reviewers, finding opportunities for teachers to learn new instructional techniques, and rewarding participation. Communication, trust, and integrity are key ingredients of successful peer review of teaching.

Mundy, Victoria

1999-01-01

130

48 CFR 215.270 - Peer Reviews.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Peer Reviews. 215.270 Section 215.270 Federal...Proposals and Information 215.270 Peer Reviews. Agency officials shall conduct Peer Reviews in accordance with 201.170. [74...

2012-10-01

131

Lightweight preliminary peer review: does in-class peer review make sense?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review is widely recognized for advancing student learning, in particular for developing reflective processes like critical think- ing. The classroom is ripe for peer review because the subject matter is fresh and in-depth interactivity is possible. Yet the lim- ited time available in class conflicts with peer review's delib- erative nature. We hypothesize that peer review - at least

Tamara Denning; Michael Kelly; David Lindquist; Roshni Malani; William G. Griswold; Beth Simon

2007-01-01

132

Lightweight preliminary peer review: does in-class peer review make sense?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review is widely recognized for advancing student learning, in particular for developing reflective processes like critical thinking. The classroom is ripe for peer review because the subject matter is fresh and in-depth interactivity is possible. Yet the limited time available in class conflicts with peer review's deliberative nature. We hypothesize that peer review -- at least the initial stages

Tamara Denning; Michael Kelly; David Lindquist; Roshni Malani; William G. Griswold; Beth Simon

2007-01-01

133

28 CFR 34.105 - Peer review methods.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Peer review methods. 34.105 Section 34.105 Judicial...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.105 Peer review methods. (a)...

2013-07-01

134

Peer Review Organization Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The PRO Manual is a set of operating instructions designed to provide clarification and guidance to PROs in implementing and carrying out their required review functions. It serves as a guide to assist the PROs in meeting their stated objectives in a more...

1988-01-01

135

Research & Librarianship. Research and Practice in Academic Libraries: A Case Study; The Current State of Public Library Research in Select Peer-Reviewed Journals: 1996-2000; From Research to Action in School Library Media Programs; Collaborative Authorship in 'North Carolina Libraries': Past, Present, and Future; Publications and Sinners: Research from the Church Library Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This section includes five articles on research and librarianship including a case study on research and practice in academic libraries; select peer-reviewed journals that examine the current state of public library research (1996-2000); development of research on school library media programs; benefits of collaborative authorship for librarians…

Foote, Margaret; DuBose, Stefanie; Durant, David; Hersberger, Julie; Demas, Christopher; Dickinson, Gail K.

2001-01-01

136

Research & Librarianship. Research and Practice in Academic Libraries: A Case Study; The Current State of Public Library Research in Select Peer-Reviewed Journals: 1996-2000; From Research to Action in School Library Media Programs; Collaborative Authorship in 'North Carolina Libraries': Past, Present, and Future; Publications and Sinners: Research from the Church Library Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This section includes five articles on research and librarianship including a case study on research and practice in academic libraries; select peer-reviewed journals that examine the current state of public library research (1996-2000); development of research on school library media programs; benefits of collaborative authorship for librarians…

Foote, Margaret; DuBose, Stefanie; Durant, David; Hersberger, Julie; Demas, Christopher; Dickinson, Gail K.

2001-01-01

137

Peer review: a secret affair?  

PubMed

Recent statutes and judicial decisions rendering the records and documents of quality assurance committees not subject to discovery and/or inadmissible in evidence are tactically ill advised, probably unconstitutional, and clearly self-defeating. A better alternative would be to allow access to the documents and information to all parties with a legitimate interest and to grant physicians immunity from tort liability for actions performed in good faith during the peer review process. PMID:10307158

Dunn, L J

1978-04-01

138

Peer Assistance & Peer Review. An AFT/NEA Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This manual assists American Federation of Teachers (AFT) and National Education Association (NEA) affiliates interested in developing peer assistance and/or peer assistance and review programs in their local sites. The first section provides the context in which these programs are developing and their importance to union efforts to increase…

National Education Association, Washington, DC.

139

Nurse editors' views on the peer review process.  

PubMed

A growing body of research challenges the inter-rater reliability of peer reviewers and the value of reviewer training or blinding in improving the quality of manuscript reviews, but double-blinded peer review of papers remains a relatively unexamined standard for nursing journals. Using data from a larger emailed survey, the views of 88 nurse editors on peer review were analyzed using content analysis. The majority of nurse editors reported that blinding was important in peer review, to maintain objectivity and avoid negative personal or professional consequences. The minority who saw potential benefits of open review valued increased transparency in the reviewing and editorial decision-making process. An excellent review was viewed as containing specific instructions on how the deficits in a manuscript might be remedied. Common weaknesses of reviews were lack of specificity and inappropriate focus. Virtually all editors provided some form of preparation or guidance to reviewers. Peer review has an impact on nurses' workload and careers, and training in writing and critique should be included in nursing education. PMID:16287058

Kearney, Margaret H; Freda, Margaret Comerford

2005-12-01

140

Effect on peer review of telling reviewers that their signed reviews might be posted on the web: randomised controlled trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives To see whether telling peer reviewers that their signed reviews of original research papers might be posted on the BMJ’s website would affect the quality of their reviews.Design Randomised controlled trial.Setting A large international general medical journal based in the United Kingdom.Participants 541 authors, 471 peer reviewers, and 12 editors.Intervention Consecutive eligible papers were randomised either to have the

Susan van Rooyen; Tony Delamothe; Stephen J W Evans

2010-01-01

141

Education Review: A Journal of Book Reviews  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Education Review is an electronic journal of book reviews in education. Reviews are indexed by title, book and review author, publication date, and subject. At present, eighteen reviews are available on books with topics ranging from instruction to history to evaluation. A mailing list is available for those who wish to receive announcements of new reviews. As the site grows, it has the potential to become an extremely valuable repository of information about new books in education.

142

PCL-R Psychopathy: Threats to Sue, Peer Review, and Potential Implications for Science and Law. A Commentary  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disputes among academicians are not uncommon. They are usually played out in peer review journals in the form of point-and-counterpoint articles, or rebuttals and rejoinders. Recently however, a threat of litigation was issued against the authors of an article and the editor of the scientific journal which had accepted that article for publication following peer review. In this commentary we

Norman Poythress; John P. Petrila

2010-01-01

143

Peer review for the evaluation of the academic research: the Italian experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review, that is the evaluation process based on judgments formulated by independent experts, is generally used for different goals: the allocation of research funding, the review of the research results submitted for publication in scientific journals, and the assessment of the quality of research conducted by Universities and university-related Institutes. The paper deals with the latter type of peer

Reale Emanuela; Barbara Anna; Costantini Antonio

2006-01-01

144

Sealed source peer review plan  

SciTech Connect

Sealed sources are known quantities of radioactive materials that have been encapsulated in quantities that produce known radiation fields. Sealed sources have multiple uses ranging from instrument calibration sources to sources that produce radiation fields for experimental applications. The Off-Site Source Recovery (OSR) Project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), created in 1999, under the direction of the Waste Management Division of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Albuquerque has been assigned the responsibility to recover and manage excess and unwanted radioactive sealed sources from the public and private sector. LANL intends to ship drums containing qualified sealed sources to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) for disposal. Prior to shipping, these drums must be characterized with respect to radiological content and other parameters. The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires that ten radionulcides be quantified and reported for every container of waste to be disposed in the WIPP. The methods traditionally approved by the EPA include non-destructive assay (NDA) in accordance with Appendix A of the Contact-Handled Transuranic Waste Acceptance Criteria for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (DOE, 2002) (CH WAC). However, because of the nature and pedigree of historical records for sealed sources and the technical infeasibility of performing NDA on these sources, LANL proposes to characterize the content of these waste drums using qualified existing radiological data in lieu of direct measurement. This plan describes the process and documentation requirements for the use of the peer review process to qualify existing data for sealed radiological sources in lieu of perfonning radioassay. The peer review process will be performed in accordance with criteria provided in 40 CFR {section} 194.22 which specifies the use of the NUREG 1297 guidelines. The plan defines the management approach, resources, schedule, and technical requirements for the subject peer review.

Feldman, Alexander [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Leonard, Lee [RETIRED; Burns, Ron [CONTRACTOR

2009-01-01

145

[From the Cochrane Library: the use of peer review is still under discussion].  

PubMed

Peer review is generally considered to be an invaluable part of the editorial process of biomedical journals. It is widely assumed that peer review has positive effects on the quality of submitted papers and of biomedical research. This is why improvements in peer reviewing have been studied for some years. According to the authors of a recent Cochrane methodology review, peer review does improve the quality of papers, but there is insufficient evidence that it also improves the quality of biomedical research. A major study on this subject is called for, since its results could have implications for patient care and scientific research. PMID:18561790

Stijntjes, F; Veeken, H

2008-04-19

146

Strategies and mechanisms for electronic peer review  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have implemented a peer grading system for review of student assignments over the World Wide Web and used it in approximately eight courses in computing and electrical engineering. Students prepare their assignments and submit them to our Peer Grader (PG) system. Other students are then assigned to review and grade the assignments. The system allows authors and reviewers to

Edward F. Gehringer

2000-01-01

147

Peer review in CS2: conceptual learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In computer science, students could benefit from exposure to critical programming concepts from multiple perspectives. Peer review is one method to allow students to experience authentic uses of the concepts in a non-programming manner. In this work, we examine the use of the peer review process in early, object-oriented, computer science courses as a way to develop the reviewers' knowledge

Scott A. Turner; Manuel A. Pérez-Quiñones; Stephen H. Edwards; Joseph Chase

2010-01-01

148

Advances in peer review research: an introduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review is a topic of considerable concern to many researchers, and there is a correspondingly large body of research\\u000a on the topic. This issue of Science and Engineering Ethics presents recent work on peer review that is both grounded in empirical science and is applicable to policy decisions. This\\u000a research raises two basic questions; (a) how does current peer

Arthur E. Stamps

1997-01-01

149

In Defense of Regulatory Peer Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The debate over application of peer review to the regulatory decisions of administrative agencies has heated up in the last year. Part of the larger and controversial sound science movement, mandating peer review for certain types of agency decisions has recently been championed by the White House and proponents in Congress. Indeed, this past January the Office of Management and

James Salzman; J. B. Ruhl

2006-01-01

150

In Defense of Regulatory Peer Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Largely overlooked, but pertinent to the question of what role peer review could play, is the potential that agencies might misuse perfectly credible science, or so-called “good science,” by overstating the extent to which it supports their policy and regulatory decisions. No study has ever demonstrated whether use of regulatory peer review would have detected other instances, like the Klamath,

J. B. Ruhl; James Salzman

2006-01-01

151

Use of Trial Register Information during the Peer Review Process  

PubMed Central

Introduction Evidence in the medical literature suggests that trial registration may not be preventing selective reporting of results. We wondered about the place of such information in the peer-review process. Method We asked 1,503 corresponding authors of clinical trials and 1,733 reviewers to complete an online survey soliciting their views on the use of trial registry information during the peer-review process. Results 1,136 authors (n?=?713) and reviewers (n?=?423) responded (37.5%); 676 (59.5%) had reviewed an article reporting a clinical trial in the past 2 years. Among these, 232 (34.3%) examined information registered on a trial registry. If one or more items (primary outcome, eligibility criteria, etc.) differed between the registry record and the manuscript, 206 (88.8%) mentioned the discrepancy in their review comments, 46 (19.8%) advised editors not to accept the manuscript, and 8 did nothing. The reviewers' reasons for not using the trial registry information included a lack of registration number in the manuscript (n?=?132; 34.2%), lack of time (n?=?128; 33.2%), lack of usefulness of registered information for peer review (n?=?100; 25.9%), lack of awareness about registries (n?=?54; 14%), and excessive complexity of the process (n?=?39; 10.1%). Conclusion This survey revealed that only one-third of the peer reviewers surveyed examined registered trial information and reported any discrepancies to journal editors.

Mathieu, Sylvain; Chan, An-Wen; Ravaud, Philippe

2013-01-01

152

How to review scientific manuscripts and clinical case reports for Journal of Oral Implantology.  

PubMed

Peer review is a vital component of the publication process for the Journal of Oral Implantology (JOI), as with any scientific or professional journal. The ability to write constructive critical reviews, therefore, is a valued skill of benefit to authors, editors, and the journal. The purpose of this article is to discuss techniques for crafting useful reviews. A review should address both broad issues of wording and perception. A review should include specific issues of what to look for in each section of research papers and clinical case reports. While the article is written with JOI in mind, most guidelines expressed therein are applicable to reviewing for any journal. PMID:20017649

Rutkowski, James L; Cairone, Joseph V

2009-01-01

153

Protecting peer review: Correspondence chronology and ethical analysis regarding Logothetis vs. Shmuel and Leopold  

Microsoft Academic Search

Editors of scientific journals are ethically bound to provide a fair and impartial peer-review process and to protect the rights of contributing authors to publish research results. If, however, a dis- pute arises among investigators regarding data ownership and the right to publish, the ethical respon- sibilities of journal editors become more complex. The editors of Human Brain Mapping recently

Peter T. Fox; Ed Bullmore; Peter A. Bandettini; Jack L. Lancaster

2009-01-01

154

NCI DEA - Consumer Guides for Peer Review  

Cancer.gov

The NCI Consumers' Cancer Dictionary for Peer Review is deigned to provide concise definitions of technical terms frequently used in applications for NCI-sponsored investigator-initiated research. The terms include those commonly associated with the molecular biology of cancer, immunology, and clinical oncology. These definitions, in association with the review process, will increase your familiarity and understanding of the biology and clinical aspects of cancer. We hope this will facilitate and make your participation in the Peer Review process more meaningful.

155

[Peer review: a closed system in need of reform].  

PubMed

Peer review is the process by which experts assess the quality of manuscripts submitted for publication in scientific journals. During the last decade, this system for quality control has been debated a lot and investigated scientifically. By now, there is a widespread consciousness among scientists regarding the deficiencies of this system for quality control. It is slow, expensive, subjective, prone to bias and easily abused. To comply with its important function, the peer review system has to be reformed. The most important reforms would be to make it an open process--that is, the removal of the anonymity of the reviewing experts, and to oblige all parties in the publication process, authors, editors, reviewers, to declare potential conflicts of interest. PMID:12198928

Thörn, Ake

2002-07-25

156

Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders reviewer acknowledgement 2012  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers The editors of Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders would like to thank all of our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in volume 4 (2012). High quality and timely reviews are critical to the overall quality of the journal. We are committed to providing a unique and important outlet for scholarship regarding neurodevelopmental disorders and are indebted to the outstanding reviewers who have contributed their time over the last year in helping us to reach this goal.

2013-01-01

157

Reviewer Stances and Writer Perceptions in EFL Peer Review Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has shown that reviewers' stances can impact the efficacy of peer response/review and subsequent revision. The purpose of this classroom-based study was to compare reviewer stances and writer perceptions of/and attitudes toward these stances prior to and after peer review training in an EFL writing class. Eighteen intermediate EFL writers…

Min, Hui-Tzu

2008-01-01

158

PUBLISHER'S ANNOUNCEMENT: Notice of changes to peer-review policy in Superconductor Science and Technology Notice of changes to peer-review policy in Superconductor Science and Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past few months, there have been a number of significant changes to the editorial peer-review system for Superconductor Science and Technology (SUST) and I would like to take this opportunity to clarify them. All regular papers submitted to the journal will now be reviewed by at least two independent anonymous referees. In the past, we have sought only

Tom Miller

2009-01-01

159

Multi-Stage Open Peer Review: Scientific Evaluation Integrating the Strengths of Traditional Peer Review with the Virtues of Transparency and Self-Regulation  

PubMed Central

The traditional forms of scientific publishing and peer review do not live up to all demands of efficient communication and quality assurance in today’s highly diverse and rapidly evolving world of science. They need to be advanced and complemented by interactive and transparent forms of review, publication, and discussion that are open to the scientific community and to the public. The advantages of open access, public peer review, and interactive discussion can be efficiently and flexibly combined with the strengths of traditional scientific peer review. Since 2001 the benefits and viability of this approach are clearly demonstrated by the highly successful interactive open access journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP, www.atmos-chem-phys.net) and a growing number of sister journals launched and operated by the European Geosciences Union (EGU, www.egu.eu) and the open access publisher Copernicus (www.copernicus.org). The interactive open access journals are practicing an integrative multi-stage process of publication and peer review combined with interactive public discussion, which effectively resolves the dilemma between rapid scientific exchange and thorough quality assurance. Key features and achievements of this approach are: top quality and impact, efficient self-regulation and low rejection rates, high attractivity and rapid growth, low costs, and financial sustainability. In fact, ACP and the EGU interactive open access sister journals are by most if not all standards more successful than comparable scientific journals with traditional or alternative forms of peer review (editorial statistics, publication statistics, citation statistics, economic costs, and sustainability). The high efficiency and predictive validity of multi-stage open peer review have been confirmed in a series of dedicated studies by evaluation experts from the social sciences, and the same or similar concepts have recently also been adopted in other disciplines, including the life sciences and economics. Multi-stage open peer review can be flexibly adjusted to the needs and peculiarities of different scientific communities. Due to the flexibility and compatibility with traditional structures of scientific publishing and peer review, the multi-stage open peer review concept enables efficient evolution in scientific communication and quality assurance. It has the potential for swift replacement of hidden peer review as the standard of scientific quality assurance, and it provides a basis for open evaluation in science.

Poschl, Ulrich

2012-01-01

160

Peer Review Changes Taking Shape at NIH  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is an article from The Physiologist. As an agency-wide assessment of its peer review system draws to a close, NIH has issued a series of notices outlining its plans for implementing the suggested changes.

2009-02-01

161

45 CFR 1388.9 - Peer review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES, DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES PROGRAM THE UNIVERSITY AFFILIATED PROGRAMS § 1388.9 Peer review....

2012-10-01

162

45 CFR 1388.9 - Peer review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES, DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES PROGRAM THE UNIVERSITY AFFILIATED PROGRAMS § 1388.9 Peer review....

2011-10-01

163

Rochester City School District Peer Assistance Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper the author evaluates the Peer Assistance and Review (PAR) program in the Rochester City School District, Rochester, NY. The author evaluates the system's strengths and weaknesses and discusses the program's alignment with New York State requirements.|

Chierichella, Patrick

2010-01-01

164

Science and Technology Peer Review: GPRA.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes practical issues for federal agencies to consider if they choose program peer review for internal purposes and/ or to contribute to satisfying the requirements of the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA). For description pur...

R. N. Kostoff

2003-01-01

165

Peer review effectiveness : An analysis of potential loopholes within the USA Peer Review Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To assess peer review effectiveness by identifying potential loopholes that could lead to Type II errors, that is, loopholes that would allow reviewed firms to pass their peer review when they should not pass. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A questionnaire was mailed to a random sample of 500 CPA firms in the USA. A total of 200 responses were received

Joshua Russell; Jack Armitage

2006-01-01

166

Online Peer Review: An Alternative to Face-to-Face?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores whether online peer review can be a worthwhile alternative to face-to-face peer review. It was conducted in two pre-college English-as-a-Second-Language writing classes at a community college to examine students' responses in both modes of peer review, and to see whether online peer review could become a viable option.…

DiGiovanni, Elaine; Nagaswami, Girija

2001-01-01

167

28 CFR 34.104 - Use of peer review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Use of peer review. 34.104 Section 34.104 Judicial Administration...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.104 Use of peer review. (a)...

2013-07-01

168

Physical Review: a family of journals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The expansion of research in physics in the last 100 years has been reflected in the expansion of the Physical Review(PR). Reviews of Modern Physics was the first ``new'' journal, starting in 1929. Physical Review Letters commenced in 1958, and was the first ``letters'' type of journal for important new results in all fields. By 1970 the Physical Review itself had grown so large that it was necessary to separate it by field into manageable volumes: PRA, PRB, PRC and PRD, and subsequently PRE, which was split off from PRA. More recently, two Special Topics journals for accelerator physics and physics education were pioneers of the open access business model, and the newest member of the family, Physical Review X, continues this trend. PRX is broad scope and very selective, setting it well above many of the new open access journals with a review standard of ``not incorrect.'' Some possible future directions for the Physical Review journals will be discussed.

Sprouse, Gene

2013-03-01

169

Does mentoring new peer reviewers improve review quality? A randomized trial  

PubMed Central

Background Prior efforts to train medical journal peer reviewers have not improved subsequent review quality, although such interventions were general and brief. We hypothesized that a manuscript-specific and more extended intervention pairing new reviewers with high-quality senior reviewers as mentors would improve subsequent review quality. Methods Over a four-year period we randomly assigned all new reviewers for Annals of Emergency Medicine to receive our standard written informational materials alone, or these materials plus a new mentoring intervention. For this program we paired new reviewers with a high-quality senior reviewer for each of their first three manuscript reviews, and asked mentees to discuss their review with their mentor by email or phone. We then compared the quality of subsequent reviews between the control and intervention groups, using linear mixed effects models of the slopes of review quality scores over time. Results We studied 490 manuscript reviews, with similar baseline characteristics between the 24 mentees who completed the trial and the 22 control reviewers. Mean quality scores for the first 3 reviews on our 1 to 5 point scale were similar between control and mentee groups (3.4 versus 3.5), as were slopes of change of review scores (-0.229 versus -0.549) and all other secondary measures of reviewer performance. Conclusions A structured training intervention of pairing newly recruited medical journal peer reviewers with senior reviewer mentors did not improve the quality of their subsequent reviews.

2012-01-01

170

Procedures for Peer Review of Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the Education Sciences Reform Act, all research, statistics, and evaluation reports conducted by, or supported through, the Institute shall be subject to rigorous peer review before being published or otherwise made available to the public. Prior to review and approval by the NCEE Commissioner, NCEE reports are reviewed internally by the…

US Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

171

Peer Review Re-Viewed: Investigating the Juxtaposition of Composition Students' Eye Movements and Peer-Review Processes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While peer review is a common practice in college composition courses, there is little consistency in approach and effectiveness within the field, owing in part to the dearth of empirical research that investigates peer-review processes. This study is designed to shed light on what a peer reviewer actually reads and attends to while providing…

Paulson, Eric J.; Alexander, Jonathan; Armstrong, Sonya

2007-01-01

172

Peer Review Re-Viewed: Investigating the Juxtaposition of Composition Students' Eye Movements and Peer-Review Processes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While peer review is a common practice in college composition courses, there is little consistency in approach and effectiveness within the field, owing in part to the dearth of empirical research that investigates peer-review processes. This study is designed to shed light on what a peer reviewer actually reads and attends to while providing…

Paulson, Eric J.; Alexander, Jonathan; Armstrong, Sonya

2007-01-01

173

Promoting F.A.I.T.H. in Peer Review: Five Core Attributes of Effective Peer Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review is an important component of scholarly research. Long a “black box” whose practical mechanisms were unknown to researchers and readers, peer review is increasingly facing demands for accountability and improvement. Numerous studies address empirical aspects of the peer review process. Much less consideration is typically given to normative dimensions of peer review. This paper considers what authors, editors,

Leigh Turner

2003-01-01

174

A Peer Review Training Workshop: Coaching Students to Give and Evaluate Peer Feedback  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Trained peer review, as illustrated in a plethora of peer review or peer response scholarship, has a positive effect on students' writing in general and on improved revision quality in particular (Berg, 1999; Hu, 2005; Min, 2006; Paulus, 1999; Stanley, 1992). From these studies, it is evident that trained peer feedback does have a significant…

Lam, Ricky

2010-01-01

175

Negotiation on the Assessment of Research Articles with Academic Reviewers: Application of Peer-Review Approach of Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides an insight into the dominant negotiation processes that occur between the authors of research articles and academic reviewers at the peer reviewing stage. Data of reviewers comments and authors responses on 32 science and engineering based journal articles covering four decision categories (accept as is, accept with minor…

Kumar, Prashant; Rafiq, Imran; Imam, Boulent

2011-01-01

176

The Effects of Peer Review and Evidence Quality on Judge Evaluations of Psychological Science: Are Judges Effective Gatekeepers?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientifically trained and untrained judges read descriptions of an expert’s research in which the peer review status and internal validity were manipulated. Seventeen percent of the judges said they would admit the expert evidence, irrespective of its internal validity. Publication in a peer-reviewed journal also had no effect on judges’ decisions. Training interacted with the internal validity manipulation. Scientifically trained

Margaret Bull Kovera; Bradley D. McAuliff

2000-01-01

177

Math Homework Review: Peer Teaching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this 1.5 minute video third and fourth grade teacher Heather Ashton explains and models the use of peer tutoring where students use their expertise to help each other learn. Questions for teacher reflection are included as well as a transcript.

2012-01-01

178

Citation of non-English peer review publications - some Chinese examples  

PubMed Central

Articles published in English language journals with citations of non-English peer reviewed materials are not very common today. However, as epidemiologists are becoming more aware of data and information being readily available and accessible in the non-English literature, the question of whether non-English materials can be cited in English language journals and if so, how should they be cited, has become an increasingly important issue. Bringing together personal insights from the author's familiarity with both the English and Chinese language epidemiological literature and results from a survey on the use of citations of non-English peer reviewed materials across a sample of epidemiology and public health journals, this commentary discusses the different ways authors cite non-English articles in different English language journals and the different methods used by journals to handle non-Latin scripts (e.g. transliteration). This commentary will be useful to both epidemiologists and editors alike.

Fung, Isaac CH

2008-01-01

179

Science Policy Council Handbook: Peer Review. Second Edition.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

EPA's Science Policy Council (SPC) has organized this Peer Review Handbook as guidance to EPA staff and managers on the organization and conduct of peer review pursuant to the Administrator's June 7, 1994 Peer Review Policy statement. The goal of the Peer...

K. L. Dearfield A. R. Flaak

2000-01-01

180

Are guidelines for peer-reviewing economic evaluations necessary? A survey of current editorial practice.  

PubMed

We report the results of a postal survey of 150 editors of medical journals aimed at assessing editorial policy on peer-review of economic studies. 70 editors (47%) responded to the anonymous questionnaire which contained six questions. 16 (23% or respondents) claimed to have an editorial policy, most claiming acceptance of 'good evaluations'. Few (36%) had trained economists as referees and none had criteria or guidelines for peer-reviewing economic studies. This situation helps to explain the variable quality of international economic literature. There is an urgent need to produce internationally accepted sets of guidelines for authors, editors and peer-reviewers. PMID:8563836

Jefferson, T; Demicheli, V

181

The Open Medicine student peer review program  

PubMed Central

Open Medicine has provided an opportunity to acquire experience in peer review for a group of graduate students in the Department of Community Health Sciences at the University of Calgary. To date, approximately 40 students have regularly participated in the peer review of manuscripts for Open Medicine. Participating students attend group sessions on the practicalities of reviewing papers, the revision and resubmission process, and specific topic areas that arise from particular papers. Through these experiences, the students have gained insight into the importance of quality peer review, Open Access publication and research reporting guidelines. Open Medicine encourages the proliferation of similar programs at other universities, as this valuable part of medical research is not formally taught in most graduate health research programs.

Lail, Parabhdeep; Wilkinson, Krista; Metcalfe, Amy

2011-01-01

182

Nurse Participation in Medical Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Utah Professional Review Organization (UPRO) enables nurse-coordinators to conduct an ongoing evaluation of the quality of patient care, to upgrade care through physician-sponsored continuing education programs, and to limit care cost, in a medical peer review program. (DS)

Orme, June Y.; Lindbeck, Rosemary S.

1974-01-01

183

Critiquing Scholarship as Formal Review: The Role and Responsibilities of Readers for Academic Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the various components of a successful review from the standpoint of a veteran journal editor and encourages, in particular, young scholars to consider, if they have not already done so, becoming active participants not only in the authoring of scholarly work, but also as reviewers in the peer review process that is part of…

Nelson, Thomas

2011-01-01

184

From SSWR to Peer-Reviewed Publication: How Many Live and How Many Die?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to estimate how many presentations at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Social Work and Research (SSWR) are subsequently published in peer-reviewed journals. A 30% random sample of abstracts presented at the 2006 Annual Meeting of SSWR was reviewed. To determine publication status of the presentations, the…

Perron, Brian E.; Taylor, Harry Owen; Vaughn, Michael G.; Grogan-Kaylor, Andrew; Ruffolo, Mary C.; Spencer, Michael

2011-01-01

185

Peer Review, Bourdieu and Honour: Connecting Chinese and Australian Intellectual Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reviews of papers for refereed journals are rarely a source of exhilaration, only occasionally a pleasure and frequently dispiriting. Using peer reviews of research containing Chinese concepts, this paper explores different ways of thinking about knowledge, its evaluation and transfer. Bourdieu's concepts of fields of power, position taking,…

Singh, Michael; Han, Jinghe

2010-01-01

186

Grants Peer Review: Report to the Director, NIH. Phase I, Volume I.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Studies of peer review systems; The grants peer review system at NIH; Perceptions of the NIH grants peer review process; Maintenance and improvement of quality of review; Legal considerations regarding grants peer review; Impact of review worklo...

R. L. Kirschstein

1976-01-01

187

Collaborative Learning through Formative Peer Review: Pedagogy, Programs and Potential  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We examine student peer review, with an emphasis on formative practice and collaborative learning, rather than peer grading. Opportunities to engage students in such formative peer assessment are growing, as a range of online tools become available to manage and simplify the process of administering student peer review. We consider whether…

Sondergaard, Harald; Mulder, Raoul A.

2012-01-01

188

Does Gender Matter in Grant Peer Review?  

PubMed Central

One of the most frequently voiced criticisms of the peer review process is gender bias. In this study we evaluated the grant peer review process (external reviewers’ ratings, and board of trustees’ final decision: approval or no approval for funding) at the Austrian Science Fund with respect to gender. The data consisted of 8,496 research proposals (census) across all disciplines from 1999 to 2009, which were rated on a scale from 1 to 100 (poor to excellent) by 18,357 external reviewers in 23,977 reviews. In line with the current state of research, we found that the final decision was not associated with applicant’s gender or with any correspondence between gender of applicants and reviewers. However, the decisions on the grant applications showed a robust female reviewer salience effect. The approval probability decreases (up to 10%), when there is parity or a majority of women in the group of reviewers. Our results confirm an overall gender null hypothesis for the peer review process of men’s and women’s grant applications in contrast to claims that women’s grants are systematically downrated.

Mutz, Rudiger; Bornmann, Lutz; Daniel, Hans-Dieter

2012-01-01

189

Using Peer Review with Chinese ESL Student Writers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review has a prominent place in process-oriented writing instruction. In this paper, I share my developing use of peer review in an academic writing course for Chinese ESL learners. After reviewing the relevant literature, I describe the context in which I implemented peer review and conducted practitioner research into its productive use.…

Hu, Guangwei

2005-01-01

190

28 CFR 34.109 - Qualifications of peer reviewers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...34.109 Qualifications of peer reviewers. The general...to be used in the selection of peer reviewers are: (a) Generalized...addressed by the applications to be reviewed under a particular program...Additional details concerning peer reviewer qualifications are...

2013-07-01

191

Examining Marketing Journals' Publication Process and Reviewer Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines reviewer practices at 11 marketing journals. The results for the top three journals are compared to eight comparable journals that are typically considered to be non-top-tier journals. The results suggest that the reviewers and the review processes at the top journals differ significantly from those of the non-top-tier…

Seiler, Vicky L.; Reisenwitz, Timothy H.; Schibrowsky, John A.

2011-01-01

192

Examining Marketing Journals' Publication Process and Reviewer Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines reviewer practices at 11 marketing journals. The results for the top three journals are compared to eight comparable journals that are typically considered to be non-top-tier journals. The results suggest that the reviewers and the review processes at the top journals differ significantly from those of the non-top-tier…

Seiler, Vicky L.; Reisenwitz, Timothy H.; Schibrowsky, John A.

2011-01-01

193

SMART Imagebase: Peer-Reviewed Medical Images  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic resources in the health sciences have historically been bibliographically based, but the need for image content is growing. The SMART Imagebase from EBSCO is a peer-reviewed source for high quality medical images, animations, videos, and monograph content. Nucleus Medical Art, a publisher of online medical illustrations, animations, interactive media, and educational materials for patients, consumers, and health care professionals,

J. Michael Lindsay

2011-01-01

194

Wind Program Peer Review Report, 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Wind Program convened a Peer Review meeting of wind energy experts, national laboratory researchers, and DOE program staff from March 9th 12th, 2010, at the Fairmont Hotel in Washington, DC. The purpose of the meeting w...

C. Clark J. Beaudry-Losique R. Swisher

2010-01-01

195

Bristol Bay Assessment ? Supplemental Peer Review Reports  

EPA Science Inventory

These reports represent the results of independent peer reviews of several technical reports submitted to the public docket for the May 2012 draft of the Bristol Bay Assessment, An Assessment of Potential Mining Impacts on Salmon Ecosystems of Bristol Bay, Alaska . ...

196

Peer Review Methods for ESL Writing Improvement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher research shows how peer reviews change draft papers. In the majority of cases, final papers improved in content. The study analyzes data collected from 40 intermediate/advanced nonnative speakers of English enrolled in freshman composition for international students at a large private university. It also examines student reflections…

Soares, Colleen J.

2004-01-01

197

The characteristics of peer reviewers who produce good-quality reviews  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the characteristics of good peer reviewers.Design: Cross-sectional analysis of data gathered during a randomized controlled trial.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Setting: The Journal of General Internal Medicine.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Participants: 226 reviewers of 131 consecutively submitted manuscripts of original research. 201 (91%) completed the review and submitted\\u000a a curriculum vitae.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Measurements and main results: The quality of each review was judged on a

Arthur T. Evans; Robert A. Mcnutt; Suzanne W. Fletcher; Robert H. Fletcher

1993-01-01

198

Research Review: Issues in Magazine Journalism Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Argues that, hobbled by an impoverished underlying model and a lack of resources, very little empirical research has explored magazine journalism education. Investigates the underlying model, reviews existing research, and offers an optimistic assessment about future research possibilities. (SR)|

King, Elliot

1994-01-01

199

Research Program Peer Review: Purposes, Principles, Practices, Protocols.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purposes, principles, practices, and protocols of research program peer review are described. While the principles are fundamentally generic, and apply to peer review across the full spectrum of performing institutions as well as manuscript, proposal,...

R. N. Kostoff

2004-01-01

200

Defense Acquisition Review Journal. Volume 14, Number 1, February 2007.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Defense Acquisition Review Journal, formerly the Acquisition Review Quarterly journal, is published quarterly by the Defense Acquisition University, Ft. Belvoir, VA. Article in this journal include: Problem Solving: Collaboration and Teamwork--the Key...

2007-01-01

201

Peer review of hospital social work.  

PubMed

To comply with PSRO legislation, St. Vincent's Hospital and Medical Center of New York (NYC) in 1977 established a social service peer review program. Detailed criteria are used in evaluating completed cases from 10 social service staff members each month, with the whole social work staff participating as evaluators on a rotation basis. The hospital expects the ongoing review program to benefit its social service practice in many ways and ultimately to upgrade patient care. PMID:631819

Kohut, S A

1978-04-01

202

Online Peer Review: Learning Science as It's Practiced.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a cooperative project that integrates the internet into the peer-review process to enhance student understanding of the nature of science through engagement in socially authentic scientific research and the double-blinded peer review process. Reports the ratings of faculty and students of the online peer review. (Author/YDS)

Trautmann, Nancy M.; Carlsen, William S.; Eick, Charles J.; Gardner, Francis E., Jr.; Kenyon, Lisa; Moscovici, Hedy; Moore, John C.; Thompson, Mark; West, Sandra

2003-01-01

203

Student attitudes and motivation for peer review in CS2  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer science students need experience with essential concepts and professional activities. Peer review is one way to meet these goals. In this work, we examine the students' attitudes towards and engagement in the peer review process, in early, object-oriented, computer science courses. To do this, we used peer review exercises in two CS2 classes at neighboring universities over the course

Scott Turner; Manuel A. Pérez-Quiñones; Stephen Edwards; Joseph Chase

2011-01-01

204

‘Why not give us the full story?’: functions of referees’ comments in peer reviews of scientific research papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer reviews of research articles submitted to journals are an occluded genre, that is, they are not publicly available documents which are part of the research record. When submitting their first scientific papers to international journals for publication, NNSE (non-native speaker of English) novice researchers face the challenging task of framing effective replies to referees’ criticisms, a complex process requiring

Hugh Gosden

2003-01-01

205

Measuring the Quality of Peer-Reviewed Publications in Social Work: Impact Factors—Liberation or Liability?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Systems for measuring the quality of publications in peer-reviewed academic journals have achieved importance in the ‘audit culture’ to which academia worldwide has become increasingly subjected. In the United Kingdom this debate has focused on government proposals to give greater emphasis to bibliometrics (counts of journal articles and their citations) as a measurement of research quality, in respect of publications

Eric Blyth; Steven M. Shardlow; Helen Masson; Karen Lyons; Ian Shaw; Sue White

2010-01-01

206

How important tasks are performed: peer review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The advancement of various fields of science depends on the actions of individual scientists via the peer review process. The referees' work patterns and stochastic nature of decision making both relate to the particular features of refereeing and to the universal aspects of human behavior. Here, we show that the time a referee takes to write a report on a scientific manuscript depends on the final verdict. The data is compared to a model, where the review takes place in an ongoing competition of completing an important composite task with a large number of concurrent ones - a Deadline -effect. In peer review human decision making and task completion combine both long-range predictability and stochastic variation due to a large degree of ever-changing external ``friction''.

Hartonen, T.; Alava, M. J.

2013-04-01

207

How operational issues impact science peer review  

Microsoft Academic Search

In some eyes, the Phase I proposal selection process is the most important activity handled by the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI). Proposing for HST and other missions consists of requesting observing time and\\/or archival research funding. This step is called Phase I, where the scientific merit of a proposal is considered by a community based peer-review process. Accepted proposals

Brett S. Blacker; Daniel Golombek; Duccio Macchetto

2006-01-01

208

Evidence for the effectiveness of peer review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientific editors’ policies, including peer review, are based mainly on tradition and belief. Do they actually achieve their\\u000a desired effects, the selection of the best manuscripts and improvement of those published? Editorial decisions have important\\u000a consequences—to investigators, the scientific community, and all who might benefit from correct information or be harmed by\\u000a misleading research results. These decisions should be judged

Robert H. Fletcher; Suzanne W. Fletcher

1997-01-01

209

Organised Governmental Learning: Vocational Education and Training Practices between Peer Review and Peer Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer learning has already existed for a long time, as an informal as well as a formal practice between people from the same professional area. However, peer learning systems on the macro level are relatively newer concepts. Policy learning can be fostered by various types of organised activities, ranging from peer review frameworks, which often…

Speer, Sandra

2011-01-01

210

Opinions on reviewing for technical journals [Commentary  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of years ago, a young colleague asked me for advice on reviewing papers for technical journals. I replied with a letter laying out my accumulated wisdom on the subject and sent it off. In the years since, she has become an outstanding reviewer, and I naturally have attributed this to the letter I wrote her. Even so, I

Larry Greenstein

2010-01-01

211

Training Effects on Computer-Mediated Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The interactive functions of weblogs facilitate computer-mediated peer reviews for collaborative writing. As limited research has been conducted on examining the training effects of peer reviews on students' peer comments, their revision quality, and their perceptions when composing in weblogs, the present case study aims to fill the gap. Thirteen…

Liou, Hsien-Chin; Peng, Zhong-Yan

2009-01-01

212

CPTC Experts Author Proteomics Review in the Journal of Proteome Research  

Cancer.gov

CPTC experts authored a review of the current state of clinical proteomics in the peer-reviewed Journal of Proteome Research. The review highlights outcomes from the CPTC program and also provides a thorough overview of the different technologies that have pushed the field forward. Additionally, the review provides a vision for moving the field forward through linking advances in genomic and proteomic analysis to develop new, molecularly targeted interventions.

213

QA REVIEWS: HOW THEY DIFFER FROM PEER REVIEWS  

EPA Science Inventory

Research papers and reports written by scientists and engineers in the United States Environmental Protection Agency are reviewed by the agency's quality assurance staff. EPA papers and reports are subjected to peer reviews that check for the validity of conclusions and the gener...

214

Negotiation on the assessment of research articles with academic reviewers: application of peer-review approach of teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study provides an insight into the dominant negotiation processes that occur between the authors of research articles\\u000a and academic reviewers at the peer reviewing stage. Data of reviewers comments and authors responses on 32 science and engineering\\u000a based journal articles covering four decision categories (accept as is, accept with minor revisions, major revisions and reject)\\u000a were collected. A commonly

Prashant Kumar; Imran Rafiq; Boulent Imam

215

SCDAP/RELAP5 independent peer review  

SciTech Connect

The SCDAP/RELAP5 code has been developed for best-estimate transient simulation of light-water-reactor coolant systems during severe accidents. The newest version of the code is SCDAP/RELAP5/MOD3. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) decided that there was a need for a broad technical review of the code by recognized experts to determine overall technical adequacy, even though the code is still under development. For this purpose, an eight-member SCDAP/RELAP5 Peer Review Committee was organized, and the outcome of the review should help the NRC prioritize future code-development activity. Because the code is designed to be mechanistic, the Committee used a higher standard for technical adequacy than was employed in the peer review of the parametric MELCOR code. The Committee completed its review of the SCDAP/RELAP5 code, and the findings are documented in this report. Based on these findings, recommendations in five areas are provided: (1) phenomenological models, (2) code-design objectives, (3) code-targeted applications, (4) other findings, and (5) additional recommendations.

Corradini, M.L. [Wisconsin Univ., Madison, WI (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering; Dhir, V.K. [Dhir, (V.K.) Santa Monica, CA (United States); Haste, T.J. [AEA Technology, Winfrith (United Kingdom); Heames, T.J. [Science Applications, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Jenks, R.P. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Kelly, J.E. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Khatib-Rahbar, M. [Energy Research, Inc., Rockville, MD (United States); Viskanta, R. [Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN (United States). Heat Transfer Lab.

1993-01-01

216

Commercial Lighting Solutions, Webtool Peer Review Report  

SciTech Connect

The Commercial Lighting Solutions (CLS) project directly supports the U.S. Department of Energy’s Commercial Building Energy Alliance efforts to design high performance buildings. CLS creates energy efficient best practice lighting designs for widespread use, and they are made available to users via an interactive webtool that both educates and guides the end user through the application of the Lighting Solutions. This report summarizes the peer review of the beta version of the CLS webtool, which contains retail box lighting solutions. The methodology for the peer review process included data collection (stakeholder input), analysis of the comments, and organization of the input into categories for prioritization of the comments against a set of criteria. Based on this process, recommendations were developed about which feedback should be addressed for the release of version 1.0 of the webtool at the Lightfair conference in New York City in May 2009. Due to the volume of data (~500 comments) the methodology for addressing the peer review comments was central to the success of the ultimate goal of improving the tool. The comments were first imported into a master spreadsheet, and then grouped and organized in several layers. Solutions to each comment were then rated by importance and feasibility to determine the practicality of resolving the concerns of the commenter in the short-term or long-term. The rating system was used as an analytical tool, but the results were viewed thoughtfully to ensure that they were not the sole the factor in determining which comments were recommended for near-term resolution. The report provides a list of the top ten most significant and relevant improvements that will be made within the webtool for version 1.0 as well as appendices containing the short-term priorities in additional detail. Peer review comments that are considered high priority by the reviewers and the CLS team but cannot be completed for Version 1.0 are listed as long-term recommendations.

Jones, Carol C.; Meyer, Tracy A.

2009-06-17

217

A Review of Peer Social Development in Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews the literature on young children's peer social development. Addresses implications of social learning theory and empirical research. Discusses recurring themes, including child/peer versus child/adult interactions, incorporation of toys and games, influence of mothers, and gender peer preferences. Considers areas lacking empirical support…

Goin, Robin P.

1998-01-01

218

Peer Review from the Students' Perspective: Invaluable or Invalid?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Only a few instances of empirical research examine what the students themselves think of their participation in peer review. Perhaps because peer response is practically instinctive to those who teach writing, few have felt the need to study the student perspective. Instead, studies have focused on the quality of peer comments, their effect on the…

Brammer, Charlotte; Rees, Mary

2007-01-01

219

Virtual slides in peer reviewed, open access medical publication  

PubMed Central

Background Application of virtual slides (VS), the digitalization of complete glass slides, is in its infancy to be implemented in routine diagnostic surgical pathology and to issues that are related to tissue-based diagnosis, such as education and scientific publication. Approach Electronic publication in Pathology offers new features of scientific communication in pathology that cannot be obtained by conventional paper based journals. Most of these features are based upon completely open or partly directed interaction between the reader and the system that distributes the article. One of these interactions can be applied to microscopic images allowing the reader to navigate and magnify the presented images. VS and interactive Virtual Microscopy (VM) are a tool to increase the scientific value of microscopic images. Technology and Performance The open access journal Diagnostic Pathology http://www.diagnosticpathology.org has existed for about five years. It is a peer reviewed journal that publishes all types of scientific contributions, including original scientific work, case reports and review articles. In addition to digitized still images the authors of appropriate articles are requested to submit the underlying glass slides to an institution (DiagnomX.eu, and Leica.com) for digitalization and documentation. The images are stored in a separate image data bank which is adequately linked to the article. The normal review process is not involved. Both processes (peer review and VS acquisition) are performed contemporaneously in order to minimize a potential publication delay. VS are not provided with a DOI index (digital object identifier). The first articles that include VS were published in March 2011. Results and Perspectives Several logistic constraints had to be overcome until the first articles including VS could be published. Step by step an automated acquisition and distribution system had to be implemented to the corresponding article. The acceptance of VS by the reader is high as well as by the authors. Of specific value are the increased confidence to and reputation of authors as well as the presented information to the reader. Additional associated functions such as access to author-owned related image collections, reader-controlled automated image measurements and image transformations are in preparation. Virtual Slides The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1232133347629819.

2011-01-01

220

In Brief: Carbon Sequestration Partnerships; Review of Peer Reviews  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. Department of Energy named seven regional partnerships on 16 August to study the best methods for the non-biological sequestration of carbon in different parts of the country.Peer review guidelines for science issued by the federal government which is related to regulatory topics could be tightened up under a 29 August White House proposal.

Showstack, Randy

221

Reviewing the reviewers: A study of author perception on peer reviews in computer science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer reviewing is an important form of collaborative work that is used for quality assurance in science and in other domains like software development and knowledge management. Review ratings by authors have potential to improve the quality of peer reviews, by giving way to remuneration of good reviews. A significant problem, however, is that authors' perception is hardly neutral, but

Conny Kuhne; K. Bohm; Jing Zhi Yue

2010-01-01

222

Inspectors General: Department of Defense IG Peer Reviews.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This reports responds to the request for information about the peer reviews of the Department of Defense Inspector General (DOD IG). A peer review, known as an external quality control review, is required by Government Auditing Standards 1 to be performed...

2001-01-01

223

Office of Inspector General audit report on the Department of Energy`s peer review practices  

SciTech Connect

Fulfilling the requirements of the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993 has presented Federal science agencies with the challenge of defining ways to quantify and evaluate the outcomes of research. Measuring research program performance is particularly important for the Department of Energy because of its substantial investment (approximately $7 billion in Fiscal Year 1996) in research and development activities. The Research Roundtable, in 1995, observed that the results of research could be evaluated using the performance indicators of relevance, productivity, and quality. One method for doing so is formal, objective evaluation by independent reviewers, or peer review. The objective of the audit was to determine whether the Department had established and was managing a peer review process for evaluating scientific and technical projects. It was found that peer reviews were conducted prior to competitive award of subcontracts, selection of projects from research proposals, and inclusion in scientific journals and/or conferences. In addition, the Department and the laboratories, in response to the government Performance and Results Act and performance-based contracting, had incorporated peer review into the laboratories` annual performance self-assessment process. The results of these reviews were used to determine program direction, obtain input on ongoing programs, and prioritize funding for laboratory and Departmental research activities. This report does not include any recommendations since the laboratories had established processes in accordance with Office of Management and Budget and Departmental peer review requirements.

NONE

1998-04-01

224

34 CFR 350.52 - What is the composition of a peer review panel?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...52 What is the composition of a peer review panel? (a) The Secretary selects as members of a peer review panel scientists and other...information, or conferences, must be reviewed by a peer review panel that consists of a...

2013-07-01

225

The predictive validity of peer review: A selective review of the judgmental forecasting qualities of peers, and implications for innovation in science  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this review we investigate what the available data on the predictive validity of peer review can add to our understanding of judgmental forecasting. We found that peer review attests to the relative success of judgmental forecasting by experts. Both manuscript and group-based peer review allow, on average, for accurate decisions to be made. However, tension exists between peer review

Wim G. G. Benda; Tim C. E. Engels

2011-01-01

226

How operational issues impact science peer review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In some eyes, the Phase I proposal selection process is the most important activity handled by the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI). Proposing for HST and other missions consists of requesting observing time and/or archival research funding. This step is called Phase I, where the scientific merit of a proposal is considered by a community based peer-review process. Accepted proposals then proceed thru Phase II, where the observations are specified in sufficient detail to enable scheduling on the telescope. Each cycle the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Telescope Allocation Committee (TAC) reviews proposals and awards observing time that is valued at $0.5B, when the total expenditures for HST over its lifetime are figured on an annual basis. This is in fact a very important endeavor that we continue to fine-tune and tweak. This process is open to the science community and we constantly receive comments and praise for this process. In this last year we have had to deal with the loss of the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS) and move from 3-gyro operations to 2-gyro operations. This paper will outline how operational issues impact the HST science peer review process. We will discuss the process that was used to recover from the loss of the STIS instrument and how we dealt with the loss of 1/3 of the current science observations. We will also discuss the issues relating to 3-gyro vs. 2-gyro operations and how that changes impacted Proposers, our in-house processing and the TAC.

Blacker, Brett S.; Golombek, Daniel; Macchetto, Duccio

2006-07-01

227

Peer Training Methods for Children and Adolescents with Autism: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

I review how the training of peers is undertaken in peer-mediated interventions for children and adolescents with autism. Common elements of training include peer modelling, peer initiation, peer response, and multiple interaction training for peers. The intent is to provide some practical notions about designing peer involvement for inclusion.

Serene H.-J. Choi

228

Who Reviews the Reviewers? Feasibility of Using a Fictitious Manuscript to Evaluate Peer Reviewer Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study objective: To determine whether a fictitious manuscript into which purposeful errors were placed could be used as an instrument to evaluate peer reviewer performance. Methods: An instrument for reviewer evaluation was created in the form of a fictitious manuscript into which deliberate errors were placed in order to develop an approach for the analysis of peer reviewer performance. The

William G Baxt; Joseph F Waeckerle; Jesse A Berlin; Michael L Callaham

1998-01-01

229

The art and science of reviewing manuscripts for orthopaedic journals: Part I. Defining the review.  

PubMed

The peer review process is integral to the functioning of all scientific journals and plays a pivotal role in the publication of new scientific material. Timeliness, freedom from bias, and proper review etiquette are essential for an effective review. Each type of scientific article demands a slightly different reviewing technique. Clinical research articles require that a proper question be asked and that the study methodology allows the question to be answered effectively. All studies dealing with human subjects need to be approved by the Institutional Review Board. Clinical review articles have specific criteria to determine how they should be constructed and when they should be published, whereas basic science research articles should be evaluated for their experimental method as well as the relevance of the conclusions to the data. Finally, case reports have an important place in the scientific literature, but the rationale for publishing any individual case needs to be clearly established. PMID:15116658

Levine, Alan M; Heckman, James D; Hensinger, Robert N

2004-01-01

230

Electronic peer review and peer grading in computer-science courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have implemented a peer-grading system for review of student assignments over the World-Wide Web and used it in approximately eight computer-science courses. Students prepare their assignments and submit them to our Peer Grader (PG) system. Other students are then assigned to review and grade the assignments. The system allows authors and reviewers to communicate with authors being able to

Edward F. Gehringer

2001-01-01

231

The Great Fossil Fiasco: Teaching about Peer Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a lesson that engages middle school students in learning about peer review. Uses the article "Archaeoraptor Fossil Trail," which was published in the November, 1999 issue of "National Geographic" as an example of a real life story of how peer review forces scientists to critically re-examine a fossil discovery. (SOE)|

Gift, Nancy; Krasny, Marianne

2003-01-01

232

Hints and Tips for Addressing Accommodations Issues for Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A peer review process is used by the U.S. Department of Education to determine whether states are meeting requirements for funds that they receive. Starting in 2004, a peer review process was initiated on states' standards and assessments. Several of the criteria attend to accommodations and their effects. This report summarizes the key…

Christensen, Laurene L.; Lail, Kathryn E.; Thurlow, Martha L.

2007-01-01

233

Enhancing Teaching Quality through Peer Review of Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the introduction of peer review of teaching in a pre-1992 university in England. The paper first considers the theoretical dimensions. Peer review of teaching is generally seen as a quality enhancement rather than a quality assurance instrument and a powerful means of encouraging the continuing professional development of…

Lomas, Laurie; Nicholls, Gill

2005-01-01

234

A Reciprocal Peer Review System to Support College Students' Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As students' problem-solving processes in writing are rarely observed in face-to-face instruction, they have few opportunities to participate collaboratively in peer review to improve their texts. This study reports the design of a reciprocal peer review system for students to observe and learn from each other when writing. A sample of 95…

Yang, Yu-Fen

2011-01-01

235

Peer Review Improves the Quality of MCQ Examinations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to assess the effect of the introduction of peer review processes on the quality of multiple-choice examinations in the first three years of an Australian medical course. The impact of the peer review process and overall quality assurance (QA) processes were evaluated by comparing the examination data generated in earlier…

Malau-Aduli, Bunmi S.; Zimitat, Craig

2012-01-01

236

Improving the Peer-Review Process for Grant Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review is a gatekeeper, the final arbiter of what is valued in academia, but it has been criticized in relation to traditional psychological research criteria of reliability, validity, generalizability, and potential biases. Despite a considerable literature, there is surprisingly little sound peer-review research examining these criteria or strategies for improving the process. This article summarizes the authors' research program

Herbert W. Marsh; Upali W. Jayasinghe; Nigel W. Bond

237

Peer Review in the National Science Foundation: Phase II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A two part study was conducted to determine if the peer review system of proposals to the National Science Foundation (NSF) operates fairly and if changes are warranted. Part I (reported in ED 167376) extensively described the peer review process and indicated that it is indeed equitable. Phase II, summarized, investigated the issue further by…

Cole, Jonathan R.; Cole, Stephen

238

The Multiple Faces of Peer Review in Science Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

I use autobiographical narratives to describe and analyse my involvement in peer review activities in science education and to illustrate their historical, social and cultural constitution. I explore ways in which peer review and science education have interrelated in 30-plus years in which I have been a science educator. I employ cultural sociology and activity theory to identify patterns of

Kenneth Tobin

2002-01-01

239

Using Peer Review to Improve Student Writing in Business Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Student peer review has proven an effective technique for improving student writing in both English and business communication classes, yet the technique is not widely used in business courses other than business communication. In this article, the author discusses using student peer review in business classes to improve students' final written…

Rieber, Lloyd J.

2006-01-01

240

Scienti?c Peer Review: An Analysis of the Peer Review Process from the Perspective of Sociology of Science Theories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although a large number of studies have been published up to now on peer review in science, only few of them employ a theory-guided approach. Most of the studies fail to connect the empirical findings to theory. The few available theory-guided empirical studies are found predominantly in the older peer review research, which was strongly influenced by the more traditional

Lutz Bornmann

2008-01-01

241

Web-based peer review: the learner as both adapter and reviewer  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study describes an effective web-based learning strategy, peer review, used by 143 computer science undergraduate students in an operating systems class at a Taiwanese university. Peer review, based on social constructivism, can be easily implemented via the authors' well-developed web-based peer review (WPR) system. Through peer review, the authors hope to form an authentic learning environment similar to an

Eric Zhi-Feng Liu; Sunny S. J. Lin; Chi-Huang Chiu; Shyan-Ming Yuan

2001-01-01

242

Journal of Digital Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Journal of Digital Information is an electronic-only, peer-reviewed journal covering topics related to digital libraries, hypertext and hypermedia systems, and the issues of digital information. The journal's main page features links to articles in the current issue; previous issues are browseable by issue number, author, title, or theme. They may also be searched by keywords in title or text.

243

Alternatives to Peer Review: Novel Approaches for Research Evaluation  

PubMed Central

In this paper we review several novel approaches for research evaluation. We start with a brief overview of the peer review, its controversies, and metrics for assessing efficiency and overall quality of the peer review. We then discuss five approaches, including reputation-based ones, that come out of the research carried out by the LiquidPub project and research groups collaborated with LiquidPub. Those approaches are alternative or complementary to traditional peer review. We discuss pros and cons of the proposed approaches and conclude with a vision for the future of the research evaluation, arguing that no single system can suit all stakeholders in various communities.

Birukou, Aliaksandr; Wakeling, Joseph Rushton; Bartolini, Claudio; Casati, Fabio; Marchese, Maurizio; Mirylenka, Katsiaryna; Osman, Nardine; Ragone, Azzurra; Sierra, Carles; Wassef, Aalam

2011-01-01

244

A Review of Peer Social Development in Early Childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides a clear and informative review of the literature on young children's peer social development. Implications of social?learning theory are addressed as well as numerous findings of empirical research in this area. Themes well?documented in the literature include (a) child\\/peer versus child\\/adult interactions, (b) incorporation of toys and games, (c) influence of mothers, and (d) gender peer preferences.

Robin P. Goin

1998-01-01

245

Journal of Special Operations Medicine, Volume 6, Edition 1, Winter 2006.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Journal of Special Operations Medicine is a peer reviewed journal for SOF Medical Professionals. Articles in this journal include: Walking Donor Transfusion in a Gar Forward Environment, Guerrilla Warfare Medicine: A Review of the Literature and the P...

2006-01-01

246

A Peer Review Process for Games and Software  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A peer-review process for assessing the contribution of artifacts, such as games and software to research, is proposed. Games and software produced as research output by academics tend to be accredited within their institution through discussion of the artifact, rather than directly. An independent judgment by peers confirming an artifact's…

Mallon, Bride

2008-01-01

247

Facilitating Improved Writing among Students through Directed Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study contributes to scant empirical investigation of peer critique of writing among heterogeneously grouped native and nonnative speakers of English, now commonplace in higher education. This mixed-methods study investigated the use of directed peer review to improve writing among graduate students, the majority of whom were nonnative…

Crossman, Joanne M.; Kite, Stacey L.

2012-01-01

248

Incorporating student peer review and feedback into the assessment process  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper provides a detailed discussion of the design, application, and results of a computer-based approach used to solicit student self and peer assessment and feedback on nine learning outcomes linked to ABET 2000. Several issues are addressed including: the efficacy of student self and peer review, correlation with faculty ratings, faculty and student acceptance, and process management

Jack McGourty; Peter Dominick; Richard R. Reilly

1998-01-01

249

Who Writes the Most About Community Colleges? An Analysis of Selected Academic and Practitioner-Oriented Journals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Argues that because peer-reviewed journals are not likely to be read by practitioners, peer-reviewed articles about the community college may have little or no direct influence on the field. Discusses an analysis of six peer-reviewed academic journals and two practitioner journals, which found that the majority of high-producing authors were male…

Townsend, Barbara K.; Bragg, Debra; Kinnick, Mary

2003-01-01

250

Journal citation measures: a concise review  

Microsoft Academic Search

A cross-citation matrix with journal titles in the rows and the columns is examined. Journal citation measures are re viewed within the matrix framework. Some limitations of tradi tional indicators such as immediacy index and impact factor are discussed. Time-related and other journal citation measures are also presented. Relations between journal citation mea sures, and objective and subjective ratings of

R. Todorov; W. Glänzel

1988-01-01

251

RANZCR 2006 peer review audit instrument.  

PubMed

The Royal Australian and New Zealand College Radiologists (RANZCR) continuing professional development programme incorporates audit with feedback as one important activity. The 2004 audit tool improves radiation oncologist practice quality; however, the instrument is designed to be regularly refined. To refine the 2004 audit tool and present the new instrument we incorporated comments and suggestions from: (i) the auditor and radiation oncologist from the single machine unit trial; (ii) members of RANZCR Post-Fellowship Education Committee; (iii) New South Wales Department of Health mandatory prescription requirements; and (iv) the International Atomic Energy Agency audit tool. In July 2006, the revised instrument was designed then endorsed by Post-Fellowship Education Committee. Important changes include: (i) combining criteria which separately scored documentation and correctness for similar items; (ii) scoring treatment schedule more explicitly; (iii) separating target volume coverage and critical structure dose; (iv) altering performance criteria scoring to be sensitive to peer review when no consensus can be reached; and (v) strengthening instructions for use and notes to improve comprehension and acceptance. The refined 2006 instrument should be more user-friendly while increasing its usefulness. PMID:18811766

Toohey, J; Shakespeare, T P; Morgan, G

2008-08-01

252

Music's Representation in Early Childhood Education Journals: A Literature Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this review of literature, the author explored the representation of music in early childhood education researcher and practitioner journal articles. Thirty-eight pertinent journal articles were identified in a keyword search for "music" in eight journals. The search was limited to a 5-year period, 2005-2010. Article summaries were categorized…

Bond, Vanessa L.

2012-01-01

253

How do reviewers affect the final outcome? Comparison of the quality of peer review and relative acceptance rates of submitted manuscripts.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to clarify how peer reviewers affect the relative rate of acceptance of manuscripts submitted to AJR: American Journal of Roentgenology. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Manuscript peer reviews for AJR are evaluated and rated by the journal editors on a scale from 1 (lowest) to 4 (highest). These scores are subjective; they are not based on well-defined criteria and are not specifically defined other than as review quality. We obtained all peer review performance scores for the six main types of manuscripts received by AJR as initial submissions (as opposed to revisions) over 5 years and categorized the manuscripts into four groups based on the peer review performance score (not the manuscript rating). Statistical analysis included evaluation of differences in the relative acceptance rates of the manuscripts among the four groups. RESULTS. The relative acceptance rates of manuscripts in the lower review performance score groups (scores 1, 2, and 3) were significantly higher than those of the highest review score group (score 4) for Original Research (p = 0.036, p < 0.0001, p < 0.0001) and Pictorial Essay (all p < 0.0001, except for score 3) manuscripts. CONCLUSION. There was correlation between the quality of peer review performance and the relative acceptance rate of the manuscripts. It is important for AJR to retain highly rated reviewers to maintain its high publishing standards. PMID:23971437

Kurihara, Yasuyuki; Colletti, Patrick M

2013-09-01

254

PUBLISHER'S ANNOUNCEMENT: Notice of changes to peer-review policy in Superconductor Science and Technology Notice of changes to peer-review policy in Superconductor Science and Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the past few months, there have been a number of significant changes to the editorial peer-review system for Superconductor Science and Technology (SUST) and I would like to take this opportunity to clarify them. All regular papers submitted to the journal will now be reviewed by at least two independent anonymous referees. In the past, we have sought only one report before consulting with the Editor-in-Chief. This change is being introduced to bring SUST into line with the standard practices of IOP Publishing journals. We have now also reviewed the procedure for handling rapid communications. Rapid communications are short papers describing work that can be considered as being a major breakthrough or having major significance within the field. As such these articles are fast-tracked through our production process post-acceptance. All authors of rapid communications must now submit a letter of justification with their article explaining why their manuscript requires urgent attention. In addition, rapid communications will now be pre-reviewed by our Rapid Communications and Reviews Editor, who will make an editorial judgement as to whether it should be considered as a rapid communication or as a regular paper. We will still seek two reports from independent referees for all rapid communications. We believe that these new procedures will help us to increase the overall quality of what is already a recognized high-impact journal for the superconductivity community. We will be making further changes to the peer-review system over the coming months and I will write to you again when they are ready to be implemented. If you have any suggestions or queries, please do not hesitate to contact us at sust@iop.org.

Miller, Tom

2009-01-01

255

7 CFR 3415.11 - Composition of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.11 Composition of...

2013-01-01

256

Development of the Review Quality Instrument (RQI) for Assessing Peer Reviews of Manuscripts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on the value of peer review is limited by the lack of a validated instrument to measure the quality of reviews. The aim of this study was to develop a simple, reliable, and valid scale that could be used in studies of peer review. A Review Quality Instrument (RQI) that assesses the extent to which a reviewer has commented

Susan van Rooyen; Nick Black; Fiona Godlee

1999-01-01

257

Peer Review and Bibliometric: Potentials and Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Among the various human activities, activities in science are those that are the most subject to evaluation by peers (Laloë\\u000a and Mosseri 2009). Such evaluations ­determine, among ranking positions of universities, who gets which job, who gets tenure,\\u000a and who gets which awards and honors (Feist 2006). For the THE – QS World University Rankings, the assessment by peers is

Lutz Bornmann

258

The academic welfare state: making peer-review count.  

PubMed

The peer-review process is a central pillar of academic publishing. However, the work that goes into ensuring the quality of published content is rarely recognised. Here we present a correction factor for the h-index, one of the most popular metrics for quantifying academic output, that will allow for the inclusion of peer-review effort in the evaluation of the outputs produced by an academic. PMID:23932409

Veríssimo, Diogo; Roberts, David L

2013-08-08

259

Procedural Control of the Bureaucracy, Peer Review, and Epistemic Drift  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regulatory peer review—in which independent scientists comment on the technical underpinnings of proposed regulations—is a recently pursued form of political control of the bureaucracy. This article situates regulatory peer review in the context of both the history of technical advice to government and the principal-agent perspective often used to explain the presence of administrative procedures. Much of the academic discussion

Stuart Shapiro; David Guston

2007-01-01

260

Protecting Peer-review: Correspondence Chronology and Ethical Analysis Regarding Logothetis vs. Shmuel and Leopold  

PubMed Central

Editors of scientific journals are ethically bound to provide a fair and impartial peer-review process and to protect the rights of contributing authors to publish research results. If, however, a dispute arises among investigators regarding data ownership and the right to publish, the ethical responsibilities of journal editors become more complex. The editors of Human Brain Mapping recently had the unusual experience of learning of an ongoing dispute regarding data-access rights pertaining to a manuscript already accepted for publication. Herein the editors describe the nature of the dispute, the steps taken to explore and resolve the conflict, and discuss the ethical principles that govern such circumstances. Drawing on this experience and with the goal of avoiding future controversies, the editors have formulated a Data Rights Policy and a Data Rights Procedure for Human Brain Mapping. Human Brain Mapping adopts this policy effective immediately and respectfully suggests that other journals consider adopting this or similar policies.

Fox, Peter T.; Bullmore, Ed; Bandettini, Peter A.; Lancaster, Jack L.

2009-01-01

261

Exploring the Peer Review Process: What is it, Does it Work, and Can it Be Improved?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though peer review is central to science, the process itself has received little formal evaluation. Here we provide an Overview to the literature on the peer-review process. Peer review has its drawbacks, including financial cost, time, reliability, and potential biases. An important gap in our knowledge is whether the process works. Although most manuscripts show some improvement after peer review,

Dennis R. De Vries; Elizabeth A. Marschall; Roy A. Stein

2009-01-01

262

The Paradox of Peer Review: Admitting too Much or Allowing too Little?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review – the means by which one's equals assess the quality of one's scholarly work – has been used to determine academic merit for more than three centuries. Although the results of academic peer reviews are frequently challenged, peer review continues to be a commonplace of academic life. In the present scholarship climate, challenges to peer review come primarily

Margaret Eisenhart

2002-01-01

263

Designing Peer Review for Pedagogical Success: What Can We Learn from Professional Science?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article compares peer review in professional versus education settings, summarizing key aspects of scientific peer review and reflecting on how these relate to the process as experienced by students. Consideration of professional peer review benefits educators in two ways. First, systems used for student peer review can employ some of the…

Trautmann, Nancy M.

2009-01-01

264

The Role of Peer Review in the Foundation Design of the World's Tallest Buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the authors' views based on experiences on the role of peer review in the cost effective foundation design of very tall buildings. Different types of peer review and possible scopes are described along with relevant recommendations. The reasons for hiring a peer reviewer and the advantage of having the peer reviewer involved from the beginning at the

Clyde N. Baker; Tony A. Kiefer; Steven W. Nicoson; Khaldoun Fahoum

265

The Art of Reviewing Science Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science journals are wonderful tools. They offer a glimpse into children's science understandings, and they are both diagnostic and pedagogically informative to teachers. Examining and reflecting on children's journal work lets teachers embed assessment in curriculum and instruction; however, effectively analyzing children's journal writing and…

Shepardson, Daniel P.; Britsch, Susan Jane

2004-01-01

266

Science, Politics, and Peer Review: An Editor’s Dilemma  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American Psychologist is the official journal of the American Psychological Association. As such, it is a valued outlet for articles dealing with reviews of current topics in psychology, policy issues, and critiques of current research. S. O. Lilienfeld submitted a manuscript to the journal that was accepted by the ad hoc action editor; however, the action editor’s decision was

Richard McCarty

2002-01-01

267

Basic philosophy and concepts underlying scientific peer review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The peer review system does not always detect fraud, plagiarism, poor quality or gross error and there is editorial reluctance to correct errors or to publish criticisms of sacred cows or ‘controversial’ or nonconformist views of sceptics and dissident minorities. Mediocrity is thereby perpetuated, with highly innovative science stifled by the conflict of interest and reviewer shortcomings underlying the review

W. E. Stehbens

1999-01-01

268

Comparing Peer Review and Self-Review as Ways to Improve College Students' Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effect of three approaches to revision instruction on 61 college students' revision behavior and writing quality was investigated for this article. Students wrote three 5-page papers and received one of three instructional approaches: Formal Peer Review (n = 19), Formal Self-Review (n = 20), or No Formal Review (n = 22). Formal Peer Review

Covill, Amy E.

2010-01-01

269

Comparing Peer Review and Self-Review as Ways to Improve College Students' Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The effect of three approaches to revision instruction on 61 college students' revision behavior and writing quality was investigated for this article. Students wrote three 5-page papers and received one of three instructional approaches: Formal Peer Review (n = 19), Formal Self-Review (n = 20), or No Formal Review (n = 22). Formal Peer Review

Covill, Amy E.

2010-01-01

270

Public Peer-Review: effectiveness and perspectives of transparency and self-regulation in scientific quality assurance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The traditional ways of scholarly publishing and peer-review do not live up to the needs of efficient communication and quality assurance in today's rapidly developing and highly diverse world of science. Substantial improvement can be achieved by an open access two-stage publication process with interactive peer-review and public discussion. It enables rapid publication and dissemination of new results in discussion papers followed by thorough and transparent peer-review which is open for input from the scientific community (permanently archived and fully citable), and it leads to final revised papers with maximum quality assurance and information density. This approach has been successfully realized and applied in a series of interactive open access journals launched and operated by EGU and the professional publisher Copernicus since 2001. The aims, achievements and perspectives of the EGU interactive open access journals and the perspectives of interactive open access publishing and public peer-review will be outlined and discussed. Reference: U. Pöschl, Interactive journal concept for improved scientific publishing and quality assurance, Learned Publishing, 17, 105-113, 2004.

Pöschl, Ulrich

2010-05-01

271

The electronic journal as reflection?on?action: a qualitative analysis of communication and learning in a peer?mentoring program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Ottawa in Canada offers a peer?mentoring program (whereby an experienced student provides support and guidance to another student) and an associated training program for all peer mentors through its Student Academic Success Service. In addition to the formal training, some peer mentors receive feedback and support through an electronic journal system that records communication between mentors and

Jenepher Lennox Terrion; Ruth Philion

2008-01-01

272

Genetics and Peer Relations: A Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Researchers have become increasingly interested in uncovering how genetic factors work together with the peer environment in influencing development. This article offers an overview of the state of knowledge. It first describes the different types of gene-environment correlations (rGE) and gene-environment interactions (GxE) that are of relevance…

Brendgen, Mara

2012-01-01

273

[Comment on ``Implementing the peer review process in AGU publications'' and on ``The peer review process in JGR-Space Physics''] GRL peer review process  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent publication in Eos of communications from P. J. Baum and A. J. Dessler (October 23, 1984, p. 770) and B. Ü. O. Sonnerup (December 25, 1984, p. 1242) about the peer review process has stimulated us to contribute to the discussion this statement of the editorial philosophy and practice of Geophysical Research Letters (GRL). GRL is, of course,

James C. G. Walker; Rob van der Voo

1985-01-01

274

Reviewer acknowledgment  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers A peer-reviewed journal would not survive without the generous time and insightful comments of the reviewers whose efforts often go unrecognized. AIDS Research and Therapy has been blessed by the support of highly qualified peer reviewers and would like to show its appreciation by thanking the following for their assistance with review of manuscripts for the journal in 2012.

2013-01-01

275

A Web-Based Interface for Student Peer Review, Problem-Based Learning, and Peer Pressure  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Because many students in land-grant colleges focus their studies in the natural sciences, they often find the writing assignments associated with classes in the social science of natural resource management to be especially challenging. Such writing assignments tend to depend on argumentation, rather than finding the answer, or controlled experimentation. This paper describes developing and implementing a web-based interface for a course in environmental law to overcome some of these difficulties. In a problem-based learning context, the interface promotes student peer review, which improves argumentation. Data suggest that students are comfortable learning in groups and that learning becomes easier when coupled with group activities, including peer review through the interface. In addition, the quality of student argumentation is found to improve through peer pressure.

Duke, Joshua

2003-01-01

276

Journal of Special Operations Medicine. Volume 5, Edition 4, Fall 2005.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Journal of Special Operations Medicine is a peer reviewed journal for SOF medical professionals. Articles in this journal include: Dengue Fever, Guide to Prevention of Infectious Diseases during Military Deployments, the Ten Commandments of Nutrition:...

2005-01-01

277

An Overview and Analysis of Journal Operations, Journal Publication Patterns, and Journal Impact in School Psychology and Related Fields  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the results of three studies designed to understand better the journal operations, publishing practices, and impact of school psychology journals in recent years. The first study presents the results of a survey focusing on journal operations and peer-review practices that was completed by 61 journal editors of school…

Floyd, Randy G.; Cooley, Kathryn M.; Arnett, James E.; Fagan, Thomas K.; Mercer, Sterett H.; Hingle, Christine

2011-01-01

278

An Overview and Analysis of Journal Operations, Journal Publication Patterns, and Journal Impact in School Psychology and Related Fields  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the results of three studies designed to understand better the journal operations, publishing practices, and impact of school psychology journals in recent years. The first study presents the results of a survey focusing on journal operations and peer-review practices that was completed by 61 journal editors of school…

Floyd, Randy G.; Cooley, Kathryn M.; Arnett, James E.; Fagan, Thomas K.; Mercer, Sterett H.; Hingle, Christine

2011-01-01

279

Effect of open peer review on quality of reviews and on reviewers' recommendations: a randomised trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives To examine the effect on peer review of asking reviewers to have their identity revealed to the authors of the paper. Design Randomised trial. Consecutive eligible papers were sent to two reviewers who were randomised to have their identity revealed to the authors or to remain anonymous. Editors and authors were blind to the intervention. Main outcome measures The

Susan van Rooyen; Fiona Godlee; Stephen Evans; Nick Black; Richard Smith

1999-01-01

280

Early editorial manuscript screening versus obligate peer review: a randomized trial.  

PubMed

Peer review is a cornerstone of scientific publication. However, it is time consuming for reviewers and contributors, and must be balanced with editorial oversight for balance and bias. To test a more efficient method of reviewing manuscripts, we performed a randomized trial comparing traditional peer review for all manuscripts received by the Annals of Neurology with an early screening approach in which six editors rejected a manuscript without external review when the chance of acceptance was deemed very low. Of the 351 manuscripts entered into the trial, 88 were randomized to traditional external review and 263 to early screening. Rates of final acceptance were similar in the two groups (p = 0.41). Final decisions were more delayed for traditional review (mean 48 days versus 18 days with early screening; p < 0.0001) and more reviewers were required for each manuscript (mean 2.3 versus 0.7 with early screening; p < 0.0001). Among accepted manuscripts, reviewer ratings of scientific and clinical impact were similar. We conclude that a method of early screening of manuscripts for appropriateness for publication results in substantial decreases in the time between manuscript submission and publication decisions, and reduces the burden on reviewers with minimal impact on the quality of accepted manuscripts. Editorial screening is now journal policy. PMID:17444512

Johnston, S Claiborne; Lowenstein, Daniel H; Ferriero, Donna M; Messing, Robert O; Oksenberg, Jorge R; Hauser, Stephen L

2007-04-01

281

Peer Review of the Waste Package Material Performance Interim Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the request of the U.S. Department of Energy, Bechtel SAIC Company, LLC, formed the Waste Package Materials Performance Peer Review Panel (the Panel) to review the technical basis for evaluating the long-term performance of waste package materials in a proposed repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. This is the interim report of the Panel; a final report will be issued

J. A. Beavers; Jr. T. M. Devine; G. S. Frankel; R. H. Jones; R. G. Kelly; R. M. Latanision; J. H. Payer

2001-01-01

282

Building an Ethics in Computing Website Using Peer Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

An Ethics in Computing Website covering almost 100 topics has been developed using peer- reviewed student contributions. Students in the author's one-credit Ethics in Computing course select a topic to research from a list provided by the instructor, or propose a topic of their own choosing. Their contributions are then reviewed, and ultimately graded, by three other students taking the

Edward F. Gehringer

2001-01-01

283

Independent peer review of nuclear safety computer codes  

SciTech Connect

A structured process of independent computer code peer review has been developed to assist the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the US Department of Energy in their nuclear safety missions. This paper focuses on the process that evolved during recent reviews of NRC codes.

Boyack, B.E.; Jenks, R.P.

1993-02-01

284

Independent peer review of nuclear safety computer codes  

SciTech Connect

A structured process of independent computer code peer review has been developed to assist the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the US Department of Energy in their nuclear safety missions. This paper focuses on the process that evolved during recent reviews of NRC codes.

Boyack, B.E.; Jenks, R.P.

1993-01-01

285

Bias in Peer Review of Organic Farming Grant Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer reviews of 84 organic farming grant applications from Sweden were analyzed to determine whether the reviewers’ affiliation\\u000a to one of two types of agriculture (i.e., organic and conventional) influenced their reviews. Fifteen reviewers were divided\\u000a into three groups: (1) scientists with experience in organic farming research; (2) scientists with no experience in organic\\u000a farming research; and (3) users of

Jesper Rasmussen; Vibeke Langer; Hugo Fjelsted Alrøe

2006-01-01

286

Evidence. Peer-reviewed journal publications obtained from an Index Medicus search or known to members of the Working Group were the source of data on which the statement is based  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consensus Process. Following discussions with all members of the Working Group, a draft statement was prepared by the chair and circulated among all members until a consensus was reached. The consensus draft was sequentially reviewed and endorsed by the appropriate scientific and executive committees of the ACMG, ASHG, AAN, APA, and the National Institutes of Health-Department of Education Working Group

287

The Implications of Information Technology for Scientific Journal Publishing: A Literature Review  

NSF Publications Database

... The Implications of Information Technology for Scientific Journal Publishing: A Literature Review ... The Implications of Information Technology for Scientific Journal Publishing: A Literature Review ...

288

A Critical Review of Some Ecological Studies on Scientific Journals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There have been hot discussions about the number and the rate of growth of scientific journals. The purpose of this review is intended to provide a critical assessment of those ecological studies on scientific journals. In 1961, Price presented his famous graph curve, and noted that rate of growth of journals had been fairly consisted at 5 per cent annum for nearly 300 years. But Price's graph curve has some primary error, and the author suggest to examine carefully his study. There is another problem that the loose definition of scientific journals is used. The author try to give a clear definition on the term ‘scientific journals’, and try to reestimate historically the growth rate in numbers of current scientific journals, referring several reliable studies previously conducted. The Author's estimation is about 1.85 per cent a year from the last of 18 century.

Yamazaki, Shigeaki

289

Does publication in top-tier journals affect reviewer behavior?  

PubMed

We show that when ecologists act as reviewers their reported rejection rates recommended for manuscripts increases with their publication frequency in high impact factor journals. Rejection rate however does not relate to reviewer age. These results indicate that the likelihood of getting a paper accepted for publication may depend upon factors in addition to scientific merit. Multiple reviewer selection for a given manuscript therefore should consider not only appropriate expertise, but also reviewers that have variable publication experience with a range of different journals to ensure balanced treatment. Interestingly since age did not relate to rejection rates, more senior scientists are not necessarily more jaded in reviewing practices. PMID:19621085

Aarssen, Lonnie W; Lortie, Christopher J; Budden, Amber E; Koricheva, Julia; Leimu, Roosa; Tregenza, Tom

2009-07-21

290

Peer Reviewers' Dilemmas: Values Antinomies when Evaluating Higher Education Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Whenever evaluations are done, there are antinomies of interests both within and between stakeholders. To account for such antinomies, taxonomy has been developed which will be presented and discussed using the peer review processes in university evaluations as example. The taxonomy contains four dimensions: a) seven values domains are…

Patry, Jean-Luc; Gastager, Angela

2012-01-01

291

NIH Mulls Ways to Lure Back Veteran Peer Reviewers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Not long ago, academic scientists welcomed calls from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) asking them to volunteer as peer reviewers. Many were glad for the opportunity to help distribute billions of dollars in federal biomedical-research grants even though the service required a big time commitment--the equivalent of one month a year to…

Brainard, Jeffrey

2008-01-01

292

Teaching Undergraduates the Process of Peer Review: Learning by Doing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An active approach allowed undergraduates in Health Sciences to learn the dynamics of peer review at first hand. A four-stage process was used. In "stage 1", students formed self-selected groups to explore specific issues. In "stage 2", each group posted their interim reports online on a specific date. Each student read all the other reports and…

Rangachari, P. K.

2010-01-01

293

Rochester City School District Peer Assistance Review Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper the author evaluates the Peer Assistance and Review (PAR) program in the Rochester City School District, Rochester, NY. The author evaluates the system's strengths and weaknesses and discusses the program's alignment with New York State requirements. The paper addresses the benefits to teachers and the school district that…

Zuroski, Kathryn

2010-01-01

294

Whither "Peer Review"? Terminology Matters for the Writing Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In two-year college writing classrooms and beyond, peer review is one of the most widely used tools for helping students improve their writing. Despite its widespread usage, however, it is one of the most diffuse, inconsistent, and ambiguous practices associated with writing instruction. This essay aims to explore the widely varying terminology…

Armstrong, Sonya L; Paulson, Eric J.

2008-01-01

295

The peer review of teaching: Progress, issues and prospects  

Microsoft Academic Search

As campuses search for ways to raise the level of attention to teaching, the peer review of teaching offers distinct advantages, especially for faculty eager to overcome the isolation of the classroom and to collaborate on improvement. But it presents a number of challenges as well, both political and methodological, and presumes significantly different roles for faculty in ensuring and

Patricia Hutchings

1996-01-01

296

Constructing the Components of a Lab Report Using Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A protocol that emphasizes lab report writing using a piecemeal approach coupled with peer review is described. As the lab course progresses, the focus of the report writing changes sequentially through the abstract and introduction, the discussion, and the procedure. Two styles of lab programs are presented. One style rotates the students through…

Berry, David E.; Fawkes, Kelli L.

2010-01-01

297

Peer Review and Evaluation of the Intellectual Work of Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Institutional surveys of student opinion emerged out of the turmoil of the late 1960s. Never intended to serve as professional evaluations, the surveys were the only tangible evidence of teaching effectiveness until some faculty opened their classrooms for observation by chairs and colleagues. Historically, the "peer review of teaching" has…

Bernstein, Daniel J.

2008-01-01

298

Five Steps to Becoming a Better Peer Reviewer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education faculty's teaching-related activities are often evaluated either for summative (personnel/tenure decisions) or formative (developmental) purposes. Although many faculty members feel they benefit from thoughtful attention to their teaching, other faculty find the peer-review process intimidating, meaningless, or both. The author…

Carter, Vicki K.

2008-01-01

299

Teacher Immediacy: Reflections on a Peer Review of Teaching Scheme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a qualitative approach drawing on the experiences of four HE lecturers, this study provides an exploration of and insights into a peer review of teaching (PRT) scheme, which focused on teacher immediacy and communication skills. Within the United Kingdom, limited research has been undertaken in relation to teacher immediacy even though…

Nixon, Sarah; Vickerman, Philip; Maynard, Carol

2010-01-01

300

Peer Reviewing Preservice Teachers of Christian Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the contributions peer review makes to the formation of preservice teachers of religious education within the context of Christian higher education. The participants were postgraduate students undertaking a preservice teacher training course at Australian Catholic University, Australia (Melbourne campus). Those training to…

Buchanan, Michael T.

2011-01-01

301

Journal of Special Operations Medicine, Volume 6, Edition 2.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Journal of Special Operations Forces Medicine is a peer reviewed journal for SOF Medical Professionals. Articles in this publication include: Compartment Syndrome of the Lower Extremity: Blast Injuries in a Ranger Battalion Don't Miss the Diagnosis, A...

2006-01-01

302

Journal of Special Operations Medicine, Volume 6, Edition 3.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Journal of Special Operations Medicine is a peer reviewed journal for Special Operations Forces medical professionals. Articles in this publication include: Care Coalition Grows for SOF Wounded Warriors, USUHS Online Preparedness Education Program, In...

2006-01-01

303

45 CFR 60.10 - Reporting negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private accreditation...negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private accreditation...physician, dentist, or entity by a peer review organization or private...

2012-10-01

304

Peer Review in the National Science Foundation: Phase One of Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report evaluates the peer review system in the National Science Foundation (NSF). Peer review is defined as the evaluation of proposals for research in the science disciplines by experts in those disciplines. The report describes how the NSF decided ...

S. Cole L. Rubin J. R. Cole

1978-01-01

305

Peer review of the trusted software methodology  

SciTech Connect

The review and analysis of the Trusted Software Methodology (TSM) by a panel of experts in various areas of computer science, computer security, and engineering are reported. The approach to the conduct of the review is described, and a brief introduction to the TSM is provided. The findings from the review fall into three categories: achievements, desirable additions, and changes. In addition, several recommendations are made with respect to application of the TSM within the purview of the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization.

Chisholm, G.H. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Gannon, J.D. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)]|[Univ. of Maryland, Baltimore, MD (United States); Kemmerer, R.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)]|[Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States); McHugh, J. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)]|[Portland State Univ., OR (United States)

1994-02-01

306

Exploring Reviewer Reactions to Manuscripts Submitted to Academic Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper extends a previous study (Coniam, 2011) into a corpus of manuscript (MS) reviews conducted for the journal System by one reviewer in the eight-year period 2003-2011. The current paper highlights additional facets of the review process that focus on issues involving authors themselves. The study examines two related sets of research…

Coniam, David

2012-01-01

307

The Potential of Dual-Language Cross-Cultural Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the potential of dual-language cross-cultural peer review and how it improves on traditional monolingual and monocultural peer review. Drawing on scholarship related to international exchange programmes, peer review, and two-way immersion programmes in the United States as well as data collected while facilitating the…

Ruecker, Todd

2011-01-01

308

Issues of Cultural Appropriateness and Pedagogical Efficacy: Exploring Peer Review in a Second Language Writing Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a study designed to investigate (a) whether peer review is an effective pedagogical activity with adult Chinese students in the teaching of second language (L2) academic writing and (b) how factors such as perceptions of the influence of peer reviewers' L2 proficiency, previous experience with peer review, feedback…

Hu, Guangwei; Lam, Sandra Tsui Eu

2010-01-01

309

Quality in Research and the Significance of Community Assessment and Peer Review: Education's Idiosyncrasy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Calls for the quality of educational research to be monitored more carefully are examined in the context of the most widely used and trusted form of quality screening, namely, that afforded by peer review. The serious limitations of peer review for this purpose, especially in education, are outlined before discussing the place of peer review

Macnab, Natasha; Thomas, Gary

2007-01-01

310

CPRTM AND THE MOLSCI PROJECT: WEB-BASED WRITING, PEER REVIEW, CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT, AND DISSEMINATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientists must write. Most science educators readily admit this fact, but few incorporate technical writing into their courses. Calibrated Peer Review (CPR)TM software brings technical writing and peer review broadly to the educational experience. CPR has special value in large courses. Peer review provides a valuable tool and enhances the \\

Orville L. Chapman; Michael Fiore

311

Peer Review in Class: Metrics and Variations in a Senior Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Peer reviews are the generally accepted mode of quality assessment in scholarly communities; however, they are rarely used for evaluation at college levels. Over a period of 5 years, we have performed a peer review simulation at a senior level course in molecular genetics at the University of Guelph and have accumulated 393 student peer reviews.…

Yankulov, Krassimir; Couto, Richard

2012-01-01

312

Adapting Peer Review to an Online Course: An Exploratory Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With demonstrated benefits to higher level learning, peer review in the classroom has been well researched and popular since at least the 1990s. However, little or no prior studies exist into the peer review process for online courses. Further, we found no prior research specifically addressing the operational aspects of online peer review. This…

Knight, Linda V.; Steinbach, Theresa A.

2011-01-01

313

The Potential of Dual-Language Cross-Cultural Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores the potential of dual-language cross-cultural peer review and how it improves on traditional monolingual and monocultural peer review. Drawing on scholarship related to international exchange programmes, peer review, and two-way immersion programmes in the United States as well as data collected while facilitating the…

Ruecker, Todd

2011-01-01

314

International Journal of Modern Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

International Journal of Modern Engineering Volume 8, Number 2, Spring/Summer 2008. A quarterly publication of findings from university research in the areas of industrial engineering topics. In this journal you will will want to review the following white papers: Assessing Industrial Technology Programs; Molecular Beam Epitaxity Growth and Instrumentation; and Using Rapid Protyping Tools for Automatic Control Systems. The International Journal of Modern Engineering (IJME) is the official and flagship journal of the International Association of Journals and Conferences (IAJC). IJME is a highly-selective, peer-reviewed journal, covering topics that appeal to a broad readership of all branches of engineering, engineering technology, and other related fields.

2010-07-08

315

Peer Review, Program Officers and Science Funding  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increased competition for research funding has led to growth in proposal submissions and lower funding-success rates. An agent-based model of the funding cycle, accounting for variations in program officer and reviewer behaviors, for a range of funding rates, is used to assess the efficiency of different proposal-submission strategies. Program officers who use more reviewers and require consensus can improve the

Paul J. Roebber; David M. Schultz; Cameron Neylon

2011-01-01

316

Dual-use review policies of biomedical research journals.  

PubMed

To address biosecurity issues, government agencies, academic institutions, and professional societies have developed policies concerning the publication of "dual-use" biomedical research-that is, research that could be readily applied to cause significant harm to the public, the environment, or national security. We conducted an e-mail survey of life science journals to determine the percentage that have a dual-use policy. Of the 155 journals that responded to our survey (response rate 39%), only 7.7% stated that they had a written dual-use policy and only 5.8% said they had experience reviewing dual-use research in the past 5 years. Among the potential predictors we investigated, the one most highly associated with a journal having a written dual-use policy was membership in the Nature Publishing Group (positive association). When considered individually, both previous experience with reviewing dual-use research and the journal's impact factor appeared to be positively associated with having a written dual-use policy, but only the former remained significant after adjusting for publishing group. Although preventing the misuse of scientific research for terrorist or criminal purposes is an important concern, few biomedical journals have dual-use review policies. Journals that are likely to review research that raises potential dual-use concerns should consider developing dual-use policies. PMID:21395429

Resnik, David B; Barner, Dionne D; Dinse, Gregg E

2011-03-01

317

Lessons from Peer Support Among Individuals with Mental Health Difficulties: A Review of the Literature  

PubMed Central

We conducted a comprehensive narrative review and used a systematic search strategy to identify studies related to peer support among adults with mental health difficulties. The purposes of this review were to describe the principles, effects and benefits of peer support documented in the published literature, to discuss challenging aspects of peer support and to investigate lessons from peer support. Fifty-one studies, including 8 review articles and 19 qualitative studies, met the inclusion criteria for this review. Most of the challenges for peer support were related to “role” and “relationship” issues; that is, how peer support providers relate to people who receive peer support and how peer support providers are treated in the system. The knowledge gained from peer support relationships, such as mutual responsibility and interdependence, might be a clue toward redefining the helper-helper relationship as well as the concepts of help and support.

Miyamoto, Yuki; Sono, Tamaki

2012-01-01

318

Training students to become successful peer reviewers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vague feedback and misinterpretation of writers’ intentions on the reviewers’ part have been found to be two major reasons why most of their comments are disregarded during writers’ revision in one EFL writing class. To resolve this problem, a training was conducted to coach these students to generate more specific comments. Four characteristics of comments that were found to facilitate

Hui-Tzu Min

2005-01-01

319

Peer Review Organization Program Manual. Revisions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The PRO Manual is a set of operating instructions designed to provide clarification and guidance to PROs in implementing and carrying out their required review functions. It serves as a guide to assist the PROs in meeting their stated objectives in a more...

1987-01-01

320

Peer Review Organization Program Manual. Revisions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The PRO Manual is a set of operating instructions designed to provide clarification and guidance to PROs in implementing and carrying out their required review functions. It serves as a guide to assist the PROs in meeting their stated objectives in a more...

1988-01-01

321

Peer Review Organization Program Manual. Revisions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The PRO Manual is a set of operating instructions designed to provide clarification and guidance to PROs in implementing and carrying out their required review functions. It serves as a guide to assist the PROs in meeting their stated objectives in a more...

1985-01-01

322

Peer Review Organization Program Manual. Revisions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The PRO Manual is a set of operating instructions designed to provide clarification and guidance to PROs in implementing and carrying out their required review functions. It serves as a guide to assist the PROs in meeting their stated objectives in a more...

1986-01-01

323

Quality of Pharmaceutical Advertisements in Medical Journals: A Systematic Review  

PubMed Central

Background Journal advertising is one of the main sources of medicines information to doctors. Despite the availability of regulations and controls of drug promotion worldwide, information on medicines provided in journal advertising has been criticized in several studies for being of poor quality. However, no attempt has been made to systematically summarise this body of research. We designed this systematic review to assess all studies that have examined the quality of pharmaceutical advertisements for prescription products in medical and pharmacy journals. Methods and Findings Studies were identified via searching electronic databases, web library, search engine and reviewing citations (1950 – February 2006). Only articles published in English and examined the quality of information included in pharmaceutical advertisements for prescription products in medical or pharmacy journals were included. For each eligible article, a researcher independently extracted the data on the study methodology and outcomes. The data were then reviewed by a second researcher. Any disagreements were resolved by consensus. The data were analysed descriptively. The final analysis included 24 articles. The studies reviewed advertisements from 26 countries. The number of journals surveyed in each study ranged from four to 24 journals. Several outcome measures were examined including references and claims provided in advertisements, availability of product information, adherence to codes or guidelines and presentation of risk results. The majority of studies employed a convenience-sampling method. Brand name, generic name and indications were usually provided. Journal articles were commonly cited to support pharmaceutical claims. Less than 67% of the claims were supported by a systematic review, a meta-analysis or a randomised control trial. Studies that assessed misleading claims had at least one advertisement with a misleading claim. Two studies found that less than 28% of claims were unambiguous clinical claims. Most advertisements with quantitative information provided risk results as relative risk reduction. Studies were conducted in 26 countries only and then the generalizability of the results is limited. Conclusions Evidence from this review indicates that low quality of journal advertising is a global issue. As information provided in journal advertising has the potential to change doctors' prescribing behaviour, ongoing efforts to increase education about drug promotion are crucial. The results from our review suggest the need for a global pro-active and effective regulatory system to ensure that information provided in medical journal advertising is supporting the quality use of medicines.

Othman, Noordin; Vitry, Agnes; Roughead, Elizabeth E.

2009-01-01

324

Impact of peer nutrition education on dietary behaviors and health outcomes among Latinos: A systematic literature review  

PubMed Central

Objective This systematic review assesses the impact of peer education/counseling on nutrition and health outcomes among Latinos, and identifies future research needs. Design A systematic literature search was conducted by: a) searching internet databases, b) conducting backward searches from reference lists of articles of interest, c) manually reviewing the archives of the Center for Eliminating Health Disparities among Latinos (CEHDL), d) searching the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, and e) directly contacting researchers in the field. We reviewed 22 articles derived from experimental or quasi-experimental studies. Outcomes Type 2 diabetes behavioral and metabolic outcomes, breastfeeding, nutrition knowledge, attitudes and behaviors. Results Peer nutrition education has a positive influence on diabetes self-management, breastfeeding outcomes, as well as on general nutrition knowledge and dietary intake behaviors among Latinos. Conclusions and implications There is a need for longitudinal randomized trials testing the impact of peer nutrition education interventions grounded on goal setting and culturally appropriate behavioral change theories. Inclusion of reliable scales and the construct of acculturation is needed for further advancing the knowledge in this promising field. Operational research is also needed to identify the optimal peer educator characteristics, the type of training that they should receive, the client loads and dosage (i.e., frequency and amount of contact needed between needed peer educator and client), and the best educational approaches and delivery settings.

Perez-Escamilla, Rafael; Hromi-Fiedler, Amber; Vega-Lopez, Sonia; Bermudez-Millan, Angela; Segura-Perez, Sofia

2009-01-01

325

Safety Assessment for Explosive Risk (SAFER) peer review report.  

SciTech Connect

At the direction of the Department of Defense Explosives Safety Board (DDESB), a Peer Review Team was established to review the status of development of the risk-based explosives safety siting process and criteria as currently implemented in the software 'Safety Assessment for Explosive Risk (SAFER)' Version 2.1. The objective of the Peer Review Team was to provide an independent evaluation of the components of the SAFER model, the ongoing development of the model and the risk assessment process and criteria. This peer review report addressed procedures; protocols; physical and statistical science algorithms; related documents; and software quality assurance, validation and verification. Overall, the risk-based method in SAFER represents a major improvement in the Department of Defense (DoD) approach to explosives safety management. The DDESB and Risk Based Explosives Safety Criteria Team (RBESCT) have made major strides in developing a methodology, which over time may become a worldwide model. The current status of all key areas of the SAFER code has been logically developed and is defensible. Continued improvement and refinement can be expected as implementation proceeds. A consistent approach to addressing and refining uncertainty in each of the primary areas (probability of event, consequences of event and exposure) will be a very beneficial future activity.

Heimdahl, Olaf E. R. (Naval Air Warfare Center, China Lake, CA); LaHoud, Paul (Athens, AL); Chapman, Leon Darrel

2004-08-01

326

Commercial Lighting Solutions Webtool Peer Review Report, Office Solutions  

SciTech Connect

The Commercial Lighting Solutions (CLS) project directly supports the U.S. Department of Energy’s Commercial Building Energy Alliance efforts to design high performance buildings. CLS creates energy efficient best practice lighting designs for widespread use, and they are made available to users via an interactive webtool that both educates and guides the end user through the application of the Lighting Solutions. This report summarizes the peer review of the CLS webtool for offices. The methodology for the peer review process included data collection (stakeholder input), analysis of the comments, and organization of the input into categories for prioritization of the comments against a set of criteria. Based on this process, recommendations were developed for the release of version 2.0 of the webtool at the Lightfair conference in Las Vegas in May 2010. The report provides a list of the top ten most significant and relevant improvements that will be made within the webtool for version 2.0 as well as appendices containing the comments and short-term priorities in additional detail. Peer review comments that are considered high priority by the reviewers and the CLS team but cannot be completed for Version 2.0 are listed as long-term recommendations.

Beeson, Tracy A.; Jones, Carol C.

2010-02-01

327

Moving Open Access to Open Source: Transitioning an Open-Access Journal into the Open Journal Systems Journal Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

From 1994 to 2008, the University of Idaho Library published the Electronic Green Journal, a peer-reviewed, cross-disciplinary, open-access journal on environmental issues. In 2007 the editorial board decided to transition the journal into the Open Journal Systems open-source journal-management system. The new system had to be customized, back issues had to be imported, and the editorial board had to be

Ben Hunter

2010-01-01

328

Peer review of RELAP5/MOD3 documentation  

SciTech Connect

A peer review was performed on a portion of the documentation of the RELAP5/MOD3 computer code. The review was performed in two phases. The first phase was a review of Volume 3, Developmental Assessment problems, and Volume 4, Models and Correlations. The reviewers for this phase were Dr. Peter Griffith, Dr. Yassin Hassan, Dr. Gerald S. Lellouche, Dr. Marino di Marzo and Mr. Mark Wendel. The reviewers recommended a number of improvements, including using a frozen version of the code for assessment guided by a validation plan, better justification for flow regime maps and extension of models beyond their data base. The second phase was a review of Volume 6, Quality Assurance of Numerical Techniques in RELAP5/MOD3. The reviewers for the second phase were Mr. Mark Wendel and Dr. Paul T. Williams. Recommendations included correction of numerous grammatical and typographical errors and better justification for the use of Lax`s Equivalence Theorem.

Craddick, W.G.

1993-12-31

329

EMCRO - An Evaluation of Experimental Medical Care Review Organizations: Criteria in Peer Review.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One of the most significant outputs of the EMCRO program, funded by the National Center for Health Services Research, has been the peer review criteria developed by the various EMCRO projects. Although sixteen EMCRO projects were funded, this volume analy...

1974-01-01

330

Peer-supported review of teaching: Making the grade in midwifery and nursing education.  

PubMed

This paper outlines the value of peer-supported review of teaching for nurse and midwifery educators in an academic environment. Reflection and continuing professional development are important tenets of an educators' practice and can be addressed via peer observation. Definitions and models of peer observation are presented. The strengths and challenges associated with peer-supported review of teaching are discussed. The reasons why peer observation is underutilised are explored with some suggestions on how to overcome these challenges. Recent developments in relation to peer observation and peer-supported review are outlined. The need for tangible evidence of development and enhancement of existing teaching expertise is very pronounced in the current economic climate, it is concluded that peer-supported review of teaching can provide such evidence. PMID:22921378

Murphy Tighe, Sylvia; Bradshaw, Carmel

2012-08-23

331

Turning Lemons into LemonadeWhere Is the Value in Peer Reviews?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Authors need to view reviewers’ comments not as judgments about the value of their work, but as good data about potential readers of their articles. The editorial review process does have deficiencies, the most serious being that reviewers should decide what articles warrant publication. “Peer review” should mean that reviewers and authors are indeed peers. However, editors typically act as

William H. Starbuck

2003-01-01

332

AB 1007 Full Fuel Cycle Analysis (FFCA) Peer Review  

SciTech Connect

LLNL is a participant of California's Advanced Energy Pathways (AEP) team funded by DOE (NETL). At the AEP technical review meeting on November 9, 2006. The AB 1007 FFCA team (Appendix A) requested LLNL participate in a peer review of the FFCA reports. The primary contact at the CEC was McKinley Addy. The following reports/presentations were received by LLNL: (1) Full Fuel Cycle Energy and Emissions Assumptions dated September 2006, TIAX; (2) Full Fuel cycle Assessment-Well to Tank Energy Inputs, Emissions, and Water Impacts dated December 2006, TIAX; and (3) Full Fuel Cycle Analysis Assessment dated October 12, 2006, TIAX.

Rice, D; Armstrong, D; Campbell, C; Lamont, A; Gallegos, G; Stewart, J; Upadhye, R

2007-01-19

333

A pilot study of peer review in residency training  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To explore the utility of peer review (review by fellow interns or residents in the firm) as an additional method of evaluation\\u000a in a university categorical internal medicine residency program.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a DESIGN\\/PARTICIPANTS: Senior residents and interns were asked to complete evaluations of interns at the end-of-month ward rotations.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a MAIN RESULTS: Response rates for senior residents evaluating 16 interns were 70%;

Patricia A. Thomas; Kelly A. Gebo; David B. Hellmann

1999-01-01

334

Interactive learning through web-mediated peer review of student science reports  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two studies analyzed impacts of writing and receiving web-mediated peer reviews on revision of research reports by undergraduate\\u000a science students. After conducting toxicology experiments, 77 students posted draft reports and exchanged double-blind reviews.\\u000a The first study randomly assigned students to four groups representing full, partial, or no peer review. Students engaging\\u000a in any aspect of peer review made more revisions

Nancy M. Trautmann

2009-01-01

335

Journal of Ground Water  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Ground Water is a leading technical publication strictly for ground water hydrogeologists. Each issue of the journal contains peer-reviewed scientific articles on pertinent ground water subjects. Non-members can read abstracts, book reviews and software spotlight columns. Members of the National Ground Water Association can view complete articles online.

Association, National G.

336

External peer review of skilled nursing care in Minnesota.  

PubMed Central

External peer review of each of the 8917 Medicaid patients in 228 Skilled Nursing Facilities in Minnesota demonstrated characteristics and needs of patients and produced documented recommendations for Medical Evaluation Studies to strengthen multiple aspects of treatment programs. As a whole, Medicaid patients were well placed and well cared for. However, wide variations were observed in individual facilities. Principal problem areas were those which prevail in all long term care facilities in this country: weakness of individualized treatment, weakness of restorative goal-oriented treatment, severe mental/emotional/behavioral disabilities, lack of strong leadership in medical and nursing professions, and weakness of psychosocial support programs.

Miller, W R; Hurley, S J; Wharton, E

1976-01-01

337

New Journal of Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute of Physics & Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft will begin an all-electronic and peer-reviewed journal in physics later this year. New Journal of Physics will include full-length research articles pertaining to both pure and applied physics, theory and experiment, and interdisciplinary topics. It strives to be a scholarly journal of "rigorously refereed" papers and aims to publish data and results that use the features of the electronic medium. The journal's website provides a listing of receiving editors as well as guide for authors. Detailed instructions on how to submit papers are available at the site.

2005-11-14

338

New Journal of Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute of Physics & Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft will begin an all-electronic and peer-reviewed journal in physics later this year. New Journal of Physics will include full-length research articles pertaining to both pure and applied physics, theory and experiment, and interdisciplinary topics. It strives to be a scholarly journal of "rigorously refereed" papers and aims to publish data and results that use the features of the electronic medium. The journal's website provides a listing of receiving editors as well as guide for authors. Detailed instructions on how to submit papers are available at the site.

339

Referencing and quotation accuracy in four manual therapy journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study was to investigate the reference and quotation accuracy in four peer-reviewed manual therapy journals. A stratified random sample of original research (n=7) was collected from each of the journals spanning the years January 2000 to December 2001. A further random selection of 80 references from each journal paper sampled was then reviewed (Total N=320) for

Cameron McR Gosling; Melainie Cameron; Peter F. Gibbons

2004-01-01

340

Journal of Special Operations Medicine. Volume 5, Edition 3, Summer 2005.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Journal of Special Operations Medicine is a peer review journal for SOF medical professionals. Articles in this issue include: South American Military Working Horses Positive for Equine Infectious Anemia, Army Range Casualty, Attrition, and Surgery Ra...

2005-01-01

341

Letter of Appreciation to 2004 Journal of Optical Networking Reviewers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The international scientific and engineering professions rely on the work of countless reviewers to ensure the quality of the research published in technical journals. Like all such journals, JON benefits from the tireless efforts of these volunteers. Below is a list of 2004 JON reviewers who have agreed to have their names published. We sincerely thank these reviewers, as well as those not listed, for their assistance to JON and praise them for their dedication to their profession. The system simply would not work without them. Charalambos Anastassiou Ivan Andonovic Nirwan Ansari Chris Bintjas Martin Birk Zoran Bojkovic Xiren Cao Yang Cao Calvin C.K. Chan Yongmao Chang Yang Chen Kwok-Wai Cheung Nim-Kwan Cheung Su Fong Chien Wilson Chu Yun Chung Tibor Cinkler Ignacio de Miguel Jiun S. Deng Jitender Deogun H.J.S. Dorren Mark Feuer Samrat Ganguly

2005-02-01

342

Issues of cultural appropriateness and pedagogical efficacy: exploring peer review in a second language writing class  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a study designed to investigate (a) whether peer review is an effective pedagogical activity with adult\\u000a Chinese students in the teaching of second language (L2) academic writing and (b) how factors such as perceptions of the influence\\u000a of peer reviewers’ L2 proficiency, previous experience with peer review, feedback preferences, and culturally-based beliefs\\u000a and practices relate to

Guangwei Hu; Sandra Tsui Eu Lam

2010-01-01

343

Love Canal Emergency Declaration Area habitability study. Volume 5. Peer review summary: TRC (Technical Review Committee) responses. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Environmental studies were conducted to provide data that could be used by the Commissioner of Health for the State of New York in determining whether the Emergency Declaration Area surrounding the Love Canal hazardous-waste site is habitable. These volumes (II through IV) were reviewed by a peer-review panel of expert scientists. The scientists concluded that each of the three environmental studies was well planned and well executed. Volume V summarizes the peer review and gives additional information or clarifications as requested during the peer review. Volume V also provides additional supplemental statistical analyses requested by the peer reviewer panel.

Not Available

1988-07-01

344

Open evaluation: a vision for entirely transparent post-publication peer review and rating for science.  

PubMed

The two major functions of a scientific publishing system are to provide access to and evaluation of scientific papers. While open access (OA) is becoming a reality, open evaluation (OE), the other side of the coin, has received less attention. Evaluation steers the attention of the scientific community and thus the very course of science. It also influences the use of scientific findings in public policy. The current system of scientific publishing provides only journal prestige as an indication of the quality of new papers and relies on a non-transparent and noisy pre-publication peer-review process, which delays publication by many months on average. Here I propose an OE system, in which papers are evaluated post-publication in an ongoing fashion by means of open peer review and rating. Through signed ratings and reviews, scientists steer the attention of their field and build their reputation. Reviewers are motivated to be objective, because low-quality or self-serving signed evaluations will negatively impact their reputation. A core feature of this proposal is a division of powers between the accumulation of evaluative evidence and the analysis of this evidence by paper evaluation functions (PEFs). PEFs can be freely defined by individuals or groups (e.g., scientific societies) and provide a plurality of perspectives on the scientific literature. Simple PEFs will use averages of ratings, weighting reviewers (e.g., by H-index), and rating scales (e.g., by relevance to a decision process) in different ways. Complex PEFs will use advanced statistical techniques to infer the quality of a paper. Papers with initially promising ratings will be more deeply evaluated. The continual refinement of PEFs in response to attempts by individuals to influence evaluations in their own favor will make the system ungameable. OA and OE together have the power to revolutionize scientific publishing and usher in a new culture of transparency, constructive criticism, and collaboration. PMID:23087639

Kriegeskorte, Nikolaus

2012-10-17

345

Open Evaluation: A Vision for Entirely Transparent Post-Publication Peer Review and Rating for Science  

PubMed Central

The two major functions of a scientific publishing system are to provide access to and evaluation of scientific papers. While open access (OA) is becoming a reality, open evaluation (OE), the other side of the coin, has received less attention. Evaluation steers the attention of the scientific community and thus the very course of science. It also influences the use of scientific findings in public policy. The current system of scientific publishing provides only journal prestige as an indication of the quality of new papers and relies on a non-transparent and noisy pre-publication peer-review process, which delays publication by many months on average. Here I propose an OE system, in which papers are evaluated post-publication in an ongoing fashion by means of open peer review and rating. Through signed ratings and reviews, scientists steer the attention of their field and build their reputation. Reviewers are motivated to be objective, because low-quality or self-serving signed evaluations will negatively impact their reputation. A core feature of this proposal is a division of powers between the accumulation of evaluative evidence and the analysis of this evidence by paper evaluation functions (PEFs). PEFs can be freely defined by individuals or groups (e.g., scientific societies) and provide a plurality of perspectives on the scientific literature. Simple PEFs will use averages of ratings, weighting reviewers (e.g., by H-index), and rating scales (e.g., by relevance to a decision process) in different ways. Complex PEFs will use advanced statistical techniques to infer the quality of a paper. Papers with initially promising ratings will be more deeply evaluated. The continual refinement of PEFs in response to attempts by individuals to influence evaluations in their own favor will make the system ungameable. OA and OE together have the power to revolutionize scientific publishing and usher in a new culture of transparency, constructive criticism, and collaboration.

Kriegeskorte, Nikolaus

2012-01-01

346

Peer Review Process for the Sandia ASCI V and V Program: Version 1.0  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the initial definition of the Verification and Validation (V and V) Plan Peer Review Process at Sandia National Laboratories. V and V peer review at Sandia is intended to assess the ASCI code team V and V planning process and execution. Our peer review definition is designed to assess the V and V planning process in terms of the content specified by the Sandia Guidelines for V and V plans. Therefore, the peer review process and process for improving the Guidelines are necessarily synchronized, and form parts of a larger quality improvement process supporting the ASCI V and V program at Sandia.

Pilch, M.; Trucano, T.G.; Peercy, D.E.; Hodges, A.L.; Young, E.R.; Moya, J.L.

2001-01-01

347

Characteristics of potential repository wastes. Peer review report for revision 1 of DOE/RW-0184  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of a fully documented peer review of DOE/RW-0184, Rev. 1, ``Characteristics of Potential Repository Wastes``. The peer review was chaired and administered by oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for the Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) and was conducted in accordance with OCRWM QA procedure QAAP 3.3 ``Peer Review`` for the purpose of quailing the document for use in OCRWM quality-affecting work. The peer reviewers selected represent a wide range of experience and knowledge particularly suitable for evaluating the subject matter. A total of 596 formal comments were documented by the seven peer review panels, and all were successfully resolved. The peers reached the conclusion that DOE/RW-0184, Rev. 1, is quality determined and suitable for use in quality-affecting work.

Cowart, C.G.; Notz, K.J.

1992-10-01

348

Doing a Good Deed or Confounding the Problem? Peer Review and Sociology Textbooks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines how the peer review process influences the writing and publication of sociology textbooks and the teaching of sociology. States that the peer review process may influence the final textbook in five ways: (1) degree of innovation; (2) length; (3) reading level; (4) cloning ancillaries and accessories; and (5) using reviewers as marketing…

Kendall, Diana

1999-01-01

349

External Peer Review Team Report Underground Testing Area Subproject for Frenchman Flat, Revision 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

An external peer review was conducted to review the groundwater models used in the corrective action investigation stage of the Underground Test Area (UGTA) subproject to forecast zones of potential contamination in 1,000 years for the Frenchman Flat area. The goal of the external peer review was to provide technical evaluation of the studies and to assist in assessing the

Sam Marutzky

2010-01-01

350

Applying Peer Reviews in Software Engineering Education: An Experiment and Lessons Learned  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the demonstrated value of peer reviews in the engineering industry, numerous industry experts have listed it at the top of the list of desirable development practices. Experience has shown that problems (defects) are eliminated earlier if a development process incorporates peer reviews and that these reviews are as effective as or even more effective than testing. It is

Vahid Garousi

2010-01-01

351

Applying Peer Reviews in Software Engineering Education: An Experiment and Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on the demonstrated value of peer reviews in the engineering industry, numerous industry experts have listed it at the top of the list of desirable development practices. Experience has shown that problems (defects) are eliminated earlier if a development process incorporates peer reviews and that these reviews are as effective as or even…

Garousi, V.

2010-01-01

352

Open Review in Science Journals Gets Mixed Reviews  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports an open-access journal from the Public Library of Science that has begun an online publication, offering all readers the opportunity to post comments. The site is in trial status, but registered readers will soon be able to rate each article on merit. The idea is that the best papers will bubble to the top; the wisdom of the…

Brown, Susan

2007-01-01

353

Teaching from the journal: An instructional method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Instruction librarians are often asked by instructors to teach the attributes of a peer-reviewed journal. Students are then asked to reference peer-reviewed papers in their written presentations. This column discusses a method of instruction that can be used in upper level undergraduate natural science classes. It focuses on the journal along with the author(s), abstract, keywords, acknowledgments, references, and footnotes

James E. Bird

1997-01-01

354

Peer Review of NRC Standardized Plant Analysis Risk Models  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Standardized Plant Analysis Risk (SPAR) Models underwent a Peer Review using ASME PRA standard (Addendum C) as endorsed by NRC in Regulatory Guide (RG) 1.200. The review was performed by a mix of industry probabilistic risk analysis (PRA) experts and NRC PRA experts. Representative SPAR models, one PWR and one BWR, were reviewed against Capability Category I of the ASME PRA standard. Capability Category I was selected as the basis for review due to the specific uses/applications of the SPAR models. The BWR SPAR model was reviewed against 331 ASME PRA Standard Supporting Requirements; however, based on the Capability Category I level of review and the absence of internal flooding and containment performance (LERF) logic only 216 requirements were determined to be applicable. Based on the review, the BWR SPAR model met 139 of the 216 supporting requirements. The review also generated 200 findings or suggestions. Of these 200 findings and suggestions 142 were findings and 58 were suggestions. The PWR SPAR model was also evaluated against the same 331 ASME PRA Standard Supporting Requirements. Of these requirements only 215 were deemed appropriate for the review (for the same reason as noted for the BWR). The PWR review determined that 125 of the 215 supporting requirements met Capability Category I or greater. The review identified 101 findings or suggestions (76 findings and 25 suggestions). These findings or suggestions were developed to identify areas where SPAR models could be enhanced. A process to prioritize and incorporate the findings/suggestions supporting requirements into the SPAR models is being developed. The prioritization process focuses on those findings that will enhance the accuracy, completeness and usability of the SPAR models.

Anthony Koonce; James Knudsen; Robert Buell

2011-03-01

355

PRism Online Journal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This free online journal of the study of Public Relations and Communications is a peer-refereed publication based in Australia, and first published in 2003. The journal views public relations "in its broadest sense, to encompass all communication within and between organisations or individuals and their social, environmental, and political context." Visitors can make their way through Volumes 1-6 about midway down the homepage. Each issue includes commentaries, book reviews, refereed journal articles, and conference reports. There is even a PRism Prize, a cash prize awarded to the guest editor of a special issue. Details are available from the "Click Here" link, above the list of journal issues. The Journal's current call for papers is located below the list of journal issues. General information, such as "Submission Guidelines", "Refereeing Process", "Advice to Book Reviewers", and "PRism House Style Guide" are listed near the bottom of the page.

356

Editorial: Our Journal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Journal of College Science Teaching is one of four journals published by the National Science Teachers Association. Each of the journals serves the educators working at a different level of education. JCST shares some of its processes with these other journals, but because it serves a different community, it operates in a slightly different way. Each issue of JCST contains feature articles and several column contributions. Feature articles appear in the body of the journal and one of these is usually featured on the cover for that issue. Every published feature article is thoroughly peer-reviewed by members of an appointed review panel. In this edition, the editor discusses the unique characteristics of JCST and elicits correspondence and feedback to assist in helping the journal grow to better meet the changing needs of the community.

Cutler, Ann

2007-03-01

357

Adolescent peer group identification and characteristics: A review of the literature  

PubMed Central

This study provides an exhaustive review of 44 peer-reviewed quantitative or qualitative data-based peer-reviewed studies completed on adolescent peer group identification. Adolescent peer group identification is one’s self-perceived or other-perceived membership in discrete teenage peer groups. The studies reviewed suggest that adolescent peer groups consist of five general categories differentiable by lifestyle characteristics: Elites, Athletes, Academics, Deviants, and Others. We found that the Deviant adolescent group category reported relatively greater participation in drug use and other problem behaviors across studies, whereas Academics and Athletes exhibited the least participation in these problem behaviors. Additional research is needed in this arena to better understand the operation of adolescent group labels.

Sussman, Steve; Pokhrel, Pallav; Ashmore, Richard D.; Brown, B. Bradford

2011-01-01

358

A re-audit of the use of definitions of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in peer-reviewed literature.  

PubMed

The use of different definitions of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) may make comparison of data among studies difficult. Fifty randomly selected papers dealing with SIDS that were published between 2010 and 2011 in peer-reviewed journals were reviewed to determine whether one of three internationally accepted definitions of SIDS had been either written in the text or referenced. A significant improvement in the use of definitions has occurred since 2005, with the percentage of papers either quoting or referencing a standard definition increasing by 26%, from 42 to 68%. The 1989 NICHD definition remained the most commonly used definition (35.1%) followed by the 2004 San Diego definition (26.3%). Although the percentage of papers where either no definition was provided or where an idiosyncratic or mis-cited definition was used fell 26%, from 58 to 32%, nearly one in three papers published on SIDS in peer-reviewed journals that were included in this study still did not cite a standard definition. PMID:23084308

Byard, Roger W; Lee, Vivian

2012-04-27

359

The use of standards for peer review of online nursing courses: a pilot study.  

PubMed

This article describes a pilot study on the use of online course standards for peer review of Web-based nursing courses. A peer review team consisting of a nurse educator and an instructional designer piloted the use of two sets of online course standards in two RN-to-baccalaureate nursing courses. The College of Public Health Online Course Standards and the Quality Matters (QM) Peer Course Review Rubric were used to review the courses. The standards facilitated the peer review process and supplied important criteria for measuring the quality of the courses. Analysis of the rubric scores revealed trends in criteria not met in either course, indicating the need for educational program improvement and faculty training. The QM tool had more consistent results among peer reviewers and was perceived as easier to use. In addition, QM standards provided a useful mechanism for benchmarking against higher education courses throughout the United States. PMID:19634268

Little, Barbara Battin

2009-07-01

360

A Systematic Review of Tools that Support Peer Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Peer assessment is a powerful educational technique that provides significant benefits to both staff and students. Traditionally, peer assessment has been conducted using pen-and-paper in small classes. More recently, online tools have been developed to enable peer assessment to be applied in large class. In this article, the tools that support…

Luxton-Reilly, Andrew

2009-01-01

361

Improving the Peer-Review Process for Grant Applications: Reliability, Validity, Bias, and Generalizability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Peer review is a gatekeeper, the final arbiter of what is valued in academia, but it has been criticized in relation to traditional psychological research criteria of reliability, validity, generalizability, and potential biases. Despite a considerable literature, there is surprisingly little sound peer-review research examining these criteria or…

Marsh, Herbert W.; Jayasinghe, Upali W.; Bond, Nigel W.

2008-01-01

362

Independent Research Projects in General Chemistry Classes as an Introduction to Peer-Reviewed Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A well-structured independent literature research project with a poster session was used to introduce students to peer-reviewed literature in a general chemistry course. Overall, students reported an enhanced appreciation of the course due to performing research at some level, using peer-reviewed literature, and presenting their results in a…

Tribe, Lorena; Cooper, Evan L.

2008-01-01

363

Nurse practitioner/physician collaborative practice: an integrative model for professional peer review.  

PubMed

As chief nursing officers partner with physician colleagues to create collaborative models of practice across the care continuum, the role of peer review in achieving quality outcomes cannot be overlooked. This article describes how an integrated healthcare system approached the creation of a unique integrative model for physician/nurse practitioner peer review. PMID:23708497

Clavelle, Joanne T; Bramwell, Kenneth

2013-06-01

364

Does Peer Review Predict the Performance of Research Projects in Health Sciences?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review is a basic component of the scientific process, but its performance has seldom been evaluated systematically. To determine whether pre-approval characteristics of research projects predicted the performance of projects, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of all 2744 single-centre research projects financed by the Spanish Health Research Fund since 1988 and completed before 1996. Peer review scores of

L. Erik Clavería; Eliseo Guallar; Jordi Camí; José Conde; Roberto Pastor; José R. Ricoy; Eduardo Rodríguez-Farré; Fernando Ruiz-Palomo; Emilio Muñoz

2000-01-01

365

Blog Comments vs. Peer Review: Which Way Makes a Book Better?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What if scholarly books were peer reviewed by anonymous blog comments rather than by traditional, selected peer reviewers? This is the question posed by an unusual experiment that was started recently by Noah Wardrip-Fruin, an an assistant professor of communication at the University of California at San Diego. His experiment was started after his…

Young, Jeffrey R.

2008-01-01

366

Lessons from Graduate Student Instructors on the Peer Review of Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this qualitative study, we examined a pilot program for graduate student instructors (GSIs) in a peer review of teaching program at Duke University, a medium-sized research university. We noted key elements that participants identified from their experience that may be distinct from models of peer teaching review developed for faculty. These…

Crumley, Hugh; James, Douglas

2009-01-01

367

The imagery and reality of peer review in the U.S.: Insights from institutional theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite many challenges and highly visible failings, accountants in the U.S. continue to be a selfregulating profession. In large part, this can be attributed to the emergence and acceptance of peer review programs. This paper, using institutional theory as a template, addresses the discrepancies between what this technology promises and what it delivers. The discourse of peer review is reinterpreted

Timothy J. Fogarty

1996-01-01

368

Clinical Peer Review: Description of a Comprehensive Model in Behavioral Healthcare  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a comprehensive model of clinical peer review that was established at a large behavioral healthcare organization serving children, adolescents, and adults with developmental disabilities. The purpose of peer review is to provide routine evaluation of practice standards that will produce the highest quality of habilitative…

Luiselli, James K.; Russo, Dennis C.

2005-01-01

369

Improving the Peer-Review Process for Grant Applications: Reliability, Validity, Bias, and Generalizability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review is a gatekeeper, the final arbiter of what is valued in academia, but it has been criticized in relation to traditional psychological research criteria of reliability, validity, generalizability, and potential biases. Despite a considerable literature, there is surprisingly little sound peer-review research examining these criteria or…

Marsh, Herbert W.; Jayasinghe, Upali W.; Bond, Nigel W.

2008-01-01

370

DOE Hydrogen Program: 2010 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Report  

SciTech Connect

This document summarizes the comments provided by peer reviewers on hydrogen and fuel cell projects presented at the FY 2010 U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting (AMR), held June 7-11, 2010 in Washington, D.C.

Not Available

2010-12-01

371

Improving the Peer-Review Process for Grant Applications: Reliability, Validity, Bias, and Generalizability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review is a gatekeeper, the final arbiter of what is valued in academia, but it has been criticized in relation to traditional psychological research criteria of reliability, validity, generalizability, and potential biases. Despite a considerable literature, there is surprisingly little sound peer-review research examining these criteria or strategies for improving the process. This article summarizes the authors' research program

Herbert W. Marsh; Upali W. Jayasinghe; Nigel W. Bond

2008-01-01

372

Content and communication: How can peer review provide helpful feedback about the writing?  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Peer review is assumed to improve the quality of research reports as tools for scientific communication, yet strong evidence that this outcome is obtained consistently has been elusive. Failure to distinguish between aspects of discipline-specific content and aspects of the writing or use of language may account for some deficiencies in current peer review processes. DISCUSSION: The process and

Karen Shashok

2008-01-01

373

Using peer review as a vehicle for communication skill development and active learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a renewed interest in incorporating peer review activities into computer science courses in response to current interest in active learning and group projects. The peer review process models real world professional activities, provides students with the opportunity to learn how to deal with criticism and how to provide constructive criticism to others, and can develop team skills. Without

Karen Anewalt

2005-01-01

374

ORIGINAL RESEARCH AND PEER REVIEW USING WEB-BASED COLLABORATIVE TOOLS BY COLLEGE STUDENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Environmental Inquiry program supports inquiry based, student-centered science teaching on selected topics in the environmental sciences. Many teachers are unfamiliar with both the underlying science of toxicology, and the process and importance of peer review in scientific method. The protocol and peer review process was tested with college students at 11 universities around the United States. The overall goal

Mustafa Çakir; William S. Carlsen

375

Learning Nature of Science Concepts through Online Peer Review of Student Research Reports1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through structured science experiments followed by online peer review of their research reports, undergraduates can experience science as a collaborative process of investigation rather than a static collection of facts. In 2001, over 400 students from 11 colleges and universities participated in a pilot study of double-blind online peer review, and the study has been continued on a smaller scale

Nancy Trautmann; William Carlsen; Bugrahan Yalvac; Mustafa Cakir; Christina Kohl

2003-01-01

376

Peer Functioning in Children with AD/HD: A Review of Current Understanding and Intervention Options  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review critically evaluates the existing research literature on the peer relationship problems of children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Empirical evidence suggests that children with the disorder are severely impaired in the social area and strongly rejected by peers. The purposes of this article are to provide a review of…

Ozdemir, Selda

2009-01-01

377

Journal History: Guiding the Journal of Chemical Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The next several pages provide snapshots of the periods of service of the Journal's seven editors, based on poster papers at the 15th BCCE and Boston ACS meetings. On the 25th and 50th anniversaries of the Journal, and now on the 75th, the editorial staff have reflected on what has gone before. This is beneficial for both readers and staff, because the Journal is a product of synergism among its readers, authors, reviewers, staff, and editor. This is a peer-reviewed scientific journal like many others, but with differences.

1998-11-01

378

Peer reviewing critical care: a pragmatic approach to quality management.  

PubMed

Critical care medicine frequently involves decisions and measures that may result in significant consequences for patients. In particular, mistakes may directly or indirectly derive from daily routine processes. In addition, consequences may result from the broader pharmaceutical and technological treatment options, which frequently involve multidimensional aspects. The increasing complexity of pharmaceutical and technological properties must be monitored and taken into account. Besides the presence of various disciplines involved, the provision of 24-hour care requires multiple handovers of significant information each day. Immediate expert action that is well coordinated is just as important as a professional handling of medicine's limitations.Intensivists are increasingly facing professional quality management within the ICU (Intensive Care Unit). This article depicts a practical and effective approach to this complex topic and describes external evaluation of critical care according to peer reviewing processes, which have been successfully implemented in Germany and are likely to gain in significance. PMID:21063473

Braun, Jan-Peter; Bause, Hanswerner; Bloos, Frank; Geldner, Götz; Kastrup, Marc; Kuhlen, Ralf; Markewitz, Andreas; Martin, Jörg; Mende, Hendrik; Quintel, Michael; Steinmeier-Bauer, Klaus; Waydhas, Christian; Spies, Claudia

2010-10-08

379

Peer reviewing critical care: a pragmatic approach to quality management  

PubMed Central

Critical care medicine frequently involves decisions and measures that may result in significant consequences for patients. In particular, mistakes may directly or indirectly derive from daily routine processes. In addition, consequences may result from the broader pharmaceutical and technological treatment options, which frequently involve multidimensional aspects. The increasing complexity of pharmaceutical and technological properties must be monitored and taken into account. Besides the presence of various disciplines involved, the provision of 24-hour care requires multiple handovers of significant information each day. Immediate expert action that is well coordinated is just as important as a professional handling of medicine's limitations. Intensivists are increasingly facing professional quality management within the ICU (Intensive Care Unit). This article depicts a practical and effective approach to this complex topic and describes external evaluation of critical care according to peer reviewing processes, which have been successfully implemented in Germany and are likely to gain in significance.

Braun, Jan-Peter; Bause, Hanswerner; Bloos, Frank; Geldner, Gotz; Kastrup, Marc; Kuhlen, Ralf; Markewitz, Andreas; Martin, Jorg; Mende, Hendrik; Quintel, Michael; Steinmeier-Bauer, Klaus; Waydhas, Christian; Spies, Claudia

2010-01-01

380

From Conference to Journal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Revising and extending conference articles for journal publication benefits both authors and readers. The new articles are more complete, and benefit from peer review, feedback from conference presentation, and greater editorial consistency. For those articles that are appropriate, we encourage authors to do this, and present two examples of such…

McCartney, Robert; Tenenberg, Josh

2008-01-01

381

IRIS TOXICOLOGICAL REVIEW AND SUMMARY DOCUMENTS FOR POLYBROMINATED DIPHENYL ETHERS (EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW)  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. EPA conducted a peer review of the scientific basis supporting the human health hazard and dose-response assessments of four congeners of polybrominated diphenyl ethers: tetraBDE (BDE-47), pentaBDE (BDE-99), hexaBDE (BDE-153), and decaBDE (BDE-209), that will appear on ...

382

Relating patenting and peer-review publications: an extended perspective on the vascular health and risk management literature  

PubMed Central

Purpose: This investigation identifies patent applications published under the international Patent Convention Treaty between July 2010 and January 2011 in three significant fields of vascular risk management (arterial hypertension, atherosclerosis, and aneurysms) and investigates whether the inventors have also published peer reviewed papers directly describing their claimed invention. Results: Out of only 48 patent documents that specifically addressed at least one of the above-mentioned fields, 15 had immediate companion papers of which 13 were published earlier than the corresponding patent applications; the majority of these papers were published by noncorporate patentees. Although the majority of patent applications (30 documents) had at least one corporate assignee, 18 came from academic environments. As expected, medical devices dominated in the aneurysm segment while pharmacology dominated hypertension and atherosclerosis. Conclusion: Although information related to hypertension, atherosclerosis, or aneurysms that was claimed in international patent applications reached the public quicker through the corresponding peer review document if one was published, more than two-thirds of the patent applications had no such companion paper in a scientific journal. The patent literature, which is freely available online as full text, offers information to scientists and developers in the fields of vascular risk management that is not available from the peer reviewed literature.

Mucke, Hermann AM

2011-01-01

383

Peer Review of Teaching: Lessons Learned from the University of Kentucky  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Kentucky Department of Agronomy instituted a system of peer review of teaching in 1996. Professors observe the teaching of their peers with the intent of helping one another improve. Reviews usually include a preliminary meeting between the instructor and two reviewers, several in-class visits, some analysis of classroom materials, and a wrap-up meeting. The peer review program now has met with cautious but general approval from participating faculty. By spring 1999, reviews were completed for 20 classes, 15 of which are considered in this analysis.

Bhavsar, Victoria; Grabau, Larry

384

Changing the Peer Review or Changing the Peers--Recent Development in Assessment of Large Research Collaborations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review of research programmes is changing. The problem is discussed through detailed study of a selection process to a call for collaborations in the energy sector for the European Institute of Innovation and Technology. The authors were involved in the application for a Knowledge Innovation Community. Through the analysis of the case the…

Hansson, Finn; Monsted, Mette

2012-01-01

385

Thermophysical properties of uranium dioxide - Version 0 for peer review  

SciTech Connect

Data on thermophysical properties of solid and liquid UO{sub 2} have been reviewed and critically assessed to obtain consistent thermophysical property recommendations for inclusion in the International Nuclear Safety Center Database on the World Wide Web (http://www.insc.anl.gov.). Thermodynamic properties that have been assessed are enthalpy, heat capacity, melting point, enthalpy of fusion, thermal expansion, density, surface tension, and vapor pressure. Transport properties that have been assessed are thermal conductivity, thermal diffusivity, viscosity, and emissivity. Summaries of the recommendations with uncertainties and detailed assessments for each property are included in this report and in the International Nuclear Safety Center Database for peer review. The assessments includes a review of the experiments and data, an examination of previous recommendations, the basis for selecting recommendations, a determination of uncertainties, and a comparison of recommendations with data and with previous recommendations. New data and research that have led to new recommendations include thermal expansion and density measurements of solid and liquid UO{sub 2}, derivation of physically-based equations for the thermal conductivity of solid UO{sub 2}, measurements of the heat capacity of liquid UO{sub 2}, and measurements and analysis of the thermal conductivity of liquid UO{sub 2}.

Fink, J.K.; Petri, M.C.

1997-02-01

386

Peer Review of the Waste Package Material Performance Interim Report  

SciTech Connect

At the request of the U.S. Department of Energy, Bechtel SAIC Company, LLC, formed the Waste Package Materials Performance Peer Review Panel (the Panel) to review the technical basis for evaluating the long-term performance of waste package materials in a proposed repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. This is the interim report of the Panel; a final report will be issued in February 2002. In its work to date, the Panel has identified important issues regarding waste package materials performance. In the remainder of its work, the Panel will address approaches and plans to resolve these issues. In its review to date, the Panel has not found a technical basis to conclude that the waste package materials are unsuitable for long-term containment at the proposed Yucca Mountain Repository. Nevertheless, significant technical issues remain unsettled and, primarily because of the extremely long life required for the waste packages, there will always be some uncertainty in the assessment. A significant base of scientific and engineering knowledge for assessing materials performance does exist and, therefore, the likelihood is great that uncertainty about the long-term performance can be substantially reduced through further experiments and analysis.

J. A. Beavers; T. M. Devine, Jr.; G. S. Frankel; R. H. Jones; R. G. Kelly; R. M. Latanision; J. H. Payer

2001-09-04

387

Publishing in Discipline-Specific Open Access Journals: Opportunities and Outreach for Librarians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Open access (OA) journals promote the opportunity for peer-reviewed journal articles to be freely accessible. In recent years, the number of OA journals has exploded in all disciplines. Previous studies have identified print-based pedagogical discipline-specific journals outside the field of Library and Information Science (LIS) for librarians to…

Tomaszewski, Robert; Poulin, Sonia; MacDonald, Karen I.

2013-01-01

388

Publishing in Discipline-Specific Open Access Journals: Opportunities and Outreach for Librarians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Open access (OA) journals promote the opportunity for peer-reviewed journal articles to be freely accessible. In recent years, the number of OA journals has exploded in all disciplines. Previous studies have identified print-based pedagogical discipline-specific journals outside the field of Library and Information Science (LIS) for librarians to…

Tomaszewski, Robert; Poulin, Sonia; MacDonald, Karen I.

2013-01-01

389

Use of peer-mediated interventions in the treatment of autism spectrum disorders: A systematic review  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review involved a systematic analysis of studies that focused on the use of peer-mediated interventions (PMI) in the treatment of individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Forty-two studies that met pre-determined inclusion criteria were analyzed and summarized in terms of: (a) participants receiving intervention, (b) peers implementing, (c) method of training peers, (d) intervention procedures, and (e) desired outcomes.

Jeffrey M. Chan; Russell Lang; Mandy Rispoli; Mark O’Reilly; Jeff Sigafoos; Heather Cole

2009-01-01

390

The Law Review Approach: What the Humanities Can Learn  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Readers of this journal probably know how the peer review process works in the humanities disciplines and at various journals. Therefore the author explains how the law review process generally works and then what the humanities can learn and borrow from the law review process. He ends by advocating for a hybrid law review/peer review approach to…

Mendenhall, Allen

2013-01-01

391

Subject Journal Review: Personnel Management and Industrial Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography lists 35 primary journals devoted to personnel management and industrial psychology in such categories as human resource planning, employee training, compensation, and employment law. History of the field, journal selection, journal specializations (for practitioners and academicians), journal indexing/abstracting,…

Herman, Georgianna

1984-01-01

392

Subject Journal Review: Personnel Management and Industrial Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This annotated bibliography lists 35 primary journals devoted to personnel management and industrial psychology in such categories as human resource planning, employee training, compensation, and employment law. History of the field, journal selection, journal specializations (for practitioners and academicians), journal indexing/abstracting,…

Herman, Georgianna

1984-01-01

393

Peer influences on college drinking: A review of the research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer pressure is consistently implicated in the excessive drinking of college students. However, both theory and empirical findings suggest that peer pressure is a combination of three distinct influences: overt offers of alcohol, modeling, and social norms. Overt offers of alcohol can range from polite gestures to intense goading or commands to drink. Modeling occurs when the student's behavior corresponds

Brian Borsari; Kate B. Carey

2001-01-01

394

The Moral Education of Journal Editors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Refereed journals in science and medicine are the gatekeepers and repositories of knowledge in their respective fields. Research reported in peer-reviewed journals builds professional careers, determines which drugs and medical devices are licensed, influences what medical treatments become standards of care, and establishes the veracity of…

Krimsky, Sheldon

2010-01-01

395

The Moral Education of Journal Editors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Refereed journals in science and medicine are the gatekeepers and repositories of knowledge in their respective fields. Research reported in peer-reviewed journals builds professional careers, determines which drugs and medical devices are licensed, influences what medical treatments become standards of care, and establishes the veracity of…

Krimsky, Sheldon

2010-01-01

396

A Systematic Review of Interventions to Increase Peer Interactions for Students with Complex Communication Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although positive peer relationships can facilitate the academic learning, skill development, and emotional well-being of students with complex communication challenges, few peer interactions are likely to take place in school settings apart from intentional intervention and support efforts. We conducted a systematic review to identify and examine…

Chung, Yun-Ching; Carter, Erik W.; Sisco, Lynn G.

2012-01-01

397

Is Peer Victimization Associated with Academic Achievement? A Meta-Analytic Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a meta-analytic review of 33 studies, with a total of 29,552 participants, that examined the concurrent association between peer victimization and academic achievement. The results revealed a small but significant negative correlation between peer victimization and academic achievement under both the random-effects model (r =…

Nakamoto, Jonathan; Schwartz, David

2010-01-01

398

Power of Peer Review: An Online Collaborative Learning Assignment in Social Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a semester-long, peer review assignment, undergraduates enrolled in a social psychology course wrote essays that applied course concepts to life experiences. Students anonymously posted essays for the entire class to view, and peers posted commentaries on classmates' essays using an online discussion board. Students rated the assignment as…

Cathey, Christie

2007-01-01

399

Nano Research Journal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Nano Research is a peer-reviewed, international and interdisciplinary research journal that focuses on all aspects of nanoscience and nanotechnology. Submissions are solicited in all topical areas, ranging from basic aspects of the science of nanoscale materials to practical applications of such materials. Nano Research is an open-access journal, making all research results freely available online.Nano Research offers readers an attractive mix of authoritative and comprehensive Reviews, original cutting-edge research in Communication and Full Paper formats. Rapid review to ensure quick publication is a key feature of Nano Research.Articles in Nano Research are accessible free of charge in 2008 and 2009.

2010-10-13

400

Review of journal of cardiovascular magnetic resonance 2010  

PubMed Central

There were 75 articles published in the Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (JCMR) in 2010, which is a 34% increase in the number of articles since 2009. The quality of the submissions continues to increase, and the editors were delighted with the recent announcement of the JCMR Impact Factor of 4.33 which showed a 90% increase since last year. Our acceptance rate is approximately 30%, but has been falling as the number of articles being submitted has been increasing. In accordance with Open-Access publishing, the JCMR articles go on-line as they are accepted with no collating of the articles into sections or special thematic issues. Last year for the first time, the Editors summarized the papers for the readership into broad areas of interest or theme, which we felt would be useful to practitioners of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) so that you could review areas of interest from the previous year in a single article in relation to each other and other recent JCMR articles [1]. This experiment proved very popular with a very high rate of downloading, and therefore we intend to continue this review annually. The papers are presented in themes and comparison is drawn with previously published JCMR papers to identify the continuity of thought and publication in the journal. We hope that you find the open-access system increases wider reading and citation of your papers, and that you will continue to send your quality manuscripts to JCMR for publication.

2011-01-01

401

Federal antitrust jurisdiction in peer review cases: the Pinhas decision.  

PubMed

In Summit Health Ltd. v. Pinhas, the United States Supreme Court by a narrow majority found that the exclusion of an ophthalmologist from a hospital in Los Angeles had a sufficient effect on interstate commerce to establish federal jurisdiction under the Sherman Act. In resolving a split among the federal circuit courts of appeal, the Court applied the broad jurisdictional test from McLain v. Real Estate Board of New Orleans, Inc. to peer review proceedings. Despite many ambiguities in the majority opinion by Justice Stevens and a scathing dissent by Justice Scalia, the effect of Pinhas will be to increase the suits in federal court on antitrust grounds brought by aggrieved medical staff members and applicants denied appointments or privileges, and to decrease, if not eliminate, the likelihood of preliminary dismissal on jurisdictional grounds. This, in turn, should serve to emphasize the importance of complying with the Health Care Quality Improvement Act in order to obtain immunity from damages under federal antitrust and state laws. PMID:10183560

Busey, R C

1991-11-01

402

Journal of Evolution and Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Journal of Evolution and Technology (JET) is "a peer-reviewed electronic journal publishing contemporary research into future science and philosophy." It deals with somewhat edgy topics that are often avoided by mainstream journals. For example, a common theme is the relationship between the human brain and computers, questioning their respective computational capacity and evolution. Despite the unusual focus of the journal, its articles are contributed by reputable sources such as university faculty or members of research institutions. New issues are published as articles are accepted, and hence there are no set release dates.

2008-04-02

403

Commentary: Moving The Journal forward.  

PubMed

Breaches of ethics are prevalent in biomedical publishing. Kapoor and colleagues identify several of the practical and ethics dilemmas that they have encountered in editing The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law. Biomedical publishing ethics is continually evolving, with discrepant practice among different publications. Publication ethics apply to authors, editors, peer reviewers, journal publishers or owners, and their respective institutions. The Journal and the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law (AAPL) would be enhanced by better formulating and elucidating its authorship requirements and relevant disclosures, both in print and online. The Journal could then serve as a leader in this arena. PMID:21908751

Wettstein, Robert M

2011-01-01

404

Peer Supports for Tobacco Cessation for Adults with Serious Mental Illness: A Review of the Literature  

PubMed Central

Objective A relatively new approach to addressing tobacco use in mental health settings is the involvement of consumers or peers, defined as other individuals with mental health conditions, as service providers. This review examines the literature describing peer delivered supports for tobacco cessation for adults with serious mental illness. Methods The authors conducted a review of online databases to identify reports of tobacco cessation interventions in which peers play a key role in the provision of services to help other adults with serious mental illness to reduce or quit using tobacco. Results Our review yielded reports of four tobacco cessation interventions for persons with serious mental illness that include peer providers. The roles of peers in these interventions include that of co-leaders of an educational smoking cessation group, individual counselors as part of a multi-faceted tobacco treatment program, and as outreach tobacco cessation advocates. Conclusions The roles of peers in these interventions are promising; however, more detail about the selection and experience of the peer providers, as well as the services they deliver in tobacco cessation interventions, would be helpful. In addition, rigorous research is needed to evaluate the impact of peer providers on reducing tobacco use in this population.

Dickerson, Faith

2012-01-01

405

7 CFR 3415.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.10 Establishment...

2013-01-01

406

How reliable is peer review? An examination of operating grant proposals simultaneously submitted to two similar peer review systems.  

PubMed

To determine level of agreement and correlation between two similar but separate peer review systems, proposals simultaneously submitted during the same funding year to two agencies using the same scoring system were identified and analyzed (n = 248). There was a direct linear relationship between the scores of the two agencies (r = 0.592, p < 0.001). Raw agreement within whole-digit ranges was moderate (53%) but a Cohen's kappa indicated that agreement beyond chance was only fair (kappa = 0.29, 95% CI = 0.198, 0.382). When proposals were arbitrarily categorized as being "clearly fundable" (on a 0-5 scale, score > or = 3.0) or "not clearly fundable" (score < 3.0), raw agreement was 73% and agreement beyond chance was moderate (kappa = 0.444, 95% CI = 0.382, 0.552). In cases where there was inter-agency disagreement on the fundability of the project, the difference in scores was greater than in those in which there was agreement. In a subsample of 128 pairs, variables describing the application and the applicant (i.e., principal investigator) were coded, but none explained inter-agency agreement on the "fundability" of proposals. PMID:9393374

Hodgson, C

1997-11-01

407

CES4Health.info: an online tool for peer reviewed publication and dissemination of diverse products of community-engaged scholarship.  

PubMed

Community-engaged scholarship (CES)-research, teaching, programmatic and other scholarly activities conducted through partnerships between academic and community partners-may result in innovative applied products such as manuals, policy briefs, curricula, videos, toolkits, and websites. Without accepted mechanisms for peer-reviewed publication and dissemination, these products often do not "count" toward faculty promotion and tenure (P&T) and have limited opportunities for broad impact. This paper reports on CES4Health.info, a unique online tool for peer-reviewed publication and dissemination of products of CES in forms other than journal articles. In its first year, CES4Health.info has published 24 products and documented the satisfaction of users, authors, and reviewers. PMID:21623022

Jordan, Catherine; Seifer, Sarena D; Gelmon, Sherril B; Ryan, Katharine; McGinley, Piper

2011-01-01

408

International Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching & Learning is an open, peer-reviewed, international electronic journal published twice a year by the Center for Excellence in Teaching at Georgia Southern University to be an international vehicle for articles, essays, and discussions about the scholarship of teaching and learning (SoTL) and its applications in higher/tertiary education today. All submissions undergo a double-blind peer-review process.

2010-08-09

409

"The Globalization of Journals": A Review of the 2007 "Comparative Education Review" Bibliography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The distribution of knowledge is directly connected to the publishing industry. Who gets published, where the article appears, the distribution of the journal itself, and publishing influences directly affect how knowledge is disseminated. The 2007 "Comparative Education Review" ("CER") bibliography begins to question these patterns in terms of…

Raby, Rosalind Latiner

2008-01-01

410

Discussion of Comments from a Peer Review of A Technique for Human Event Anlysis (ATHEANA)  

SciTech Connect

In May of 1998, a technical basis and implementation guidelines document for A Technique for Human Event Analysis (ATHEANA) was issued as a draft report for public comment (NUREG-1624). In conjunction with the release of draft NUREG- 1624, a peer review of the new human reliability analysis method its documentation and the results of an initial test of the method was held over a two-day period in June 1998 in Seattle, Washington. Four internationally known and respected experts in HK4 or probabilistic risk assessment were selected to serve as the peer reviewers. In addition, approximately 20 other individuals with an interest in HRA and ATHEANA also attended the peer and were invited to provide comments. The peer review team was asked to comment on any aspect of the method or the report in which improvements could be made and to discuss its strengths and weaknesses. They were asked to focus on two major aspects: Are the basic premises of ATHEANA on solid ground and is the conceptual basis adequate? Is the ATHEANA implementation process adequate given the description of the intended users in the documentation? The four peer reviewers asked questions and provided oral comments during the peer review meeting and provided written comments approximately two weeks after the completion of the meeting. This paper discusses their major comments.

Bley, D.C.; Cooper, S.E.; Forester, J.A.; Kolaczkowski, A.M.; Ramey-Smith, A,; Wreathall J.

1999-01-28

411

Assessing the Quality of Reflection in Student Journals: A Review of the Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we review 11 research articles that examine the level of reflection found in student journals in higher education across a range of disciplines. Our review reveals little to no consistency in the research community around the mechanisms and process of assessing levels of reflection in student journals. Our analysis also reveals that…

Dyment, Janet E.; O'Connell, Timothy S.

2011-01-01

412

Book Reviews in the Core Journals of Library and Information Science: A Bibliometric Comparative Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The core journals of library and information science were identified by overlap of coverage in Library Literature and Information Science Abstracts. Those core journals which review English language monographs in the field and are published by U.S. trade or university presses were identified. Reviews for the 6-month period from July 1, 1984, to…

Stetson, Keith R.

413

Assessing the Quality of Reflection in Student Journals: A Review of the Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper, we review 11 research articles that examine the level of reflection found in student journals in higher education across a range of disciplines. Our review reveals little to no consistency in the research community around the mechanisms and process of assessing levels of reflection in student journals. Our analysis also reveals…

Dyment, Janet E.; O'Connell, Timothy S.

2011-01-01

414

International Journal of Molecular Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published online by MDPI (Molecular Diversity Preservation International), the International Journal of Molecular Sciences has posted its first issue as of January 2000. This peer-reviewed quarterly aims to provide "an advanced forum for chemistry, molecular physics (chemical physics and physical chemistry) and molecular biology," while also publishing reviews and short notes. The first issue is brief, and currently, the journal is calling for papers. The journal is free for the time being. To gain access, users are required send in an email to obtain a free user-ID and password.

2007-08-08

415

International Journal of Molecular Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published online by MDPI (Molecular Diversity Preservation International), the International Journal of Molecular Sciences has posted its first issue as of January 2000. This peer-reviewed quarterly aims to provide "an advanced forum for chemistry, molecular physics (chemical physics and physical chemistry) and molecular biology," while also publishing reviews and short notes. The first issue is brief, and currently, the journal is calling for papers. The journal is free for the time being. To gain access, users are required send in an email to obtain a free user-ID and password.

416

The New Radiation Therapy Clinical Practice: The Emerging Role of Clinical Peer Review for Radiation Therapists and Medical Dosimetrists  

SciTech Connect

The concept of peer review for radiation therapists and medical dosimetrists has been studied very little in radiation oncology practice. The purpose of this manuscript is to analyze the concept of peer review in the clinical setting for both radiation therapists and medical dosimetrists. The literature reviewed both the percentages and causes of radiation therapy deviations. The results indicate that peer review can be both implemented and evaluated into both the radiation therapist and medical dosimetrist clinical practice patterns.

Adams, Robert D.; Marks, Lawrence B. [UNC Department of Radiation Oncology, Chapel Hill, NC (United States); Pawlicki, Todd [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Diego, CA (United States); Hayman, James [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Church, Jessica, E-mail: jachurch@email.unc.ed [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

2010-01-01

417

Conflicts of interest in medical science: peer usage, peer review and `CoI consultancy'  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, the perception has grown that conflicts of interest are having a detrimental effect on medical science as it influences health policy and clinical practice, leading medical journals to enforce self-declaration of potential biases in the attempt to counteract or compensate for the problem.Conflict of interest (CoI) declarations have traditionally been considered inappropriate in pure science since its

Bruce G Charlton

2004-01-01

418

Peer Review of Grant Applications: Criteria Used and Qualitative Study of Reviewer Practices  

PubMed Central

Background Peer review of grant applications has been criticized as lacking reliability. Studies showing poor agreement among reviewers supported this possibility but usually focused on reviewers’ scores and failed to investigate reasons for disagreement. Here, our goal was to determine how reviewers rate applications, by investigating reviewer practices and grant assessment criteria. Methods and Findings We first collected and analyzed a convenience sample of French and international calls for proposals and assessment guidelines, from which we created an overall typology of assessment criteria comprising nine domains relevance to the call for proposals, usefulness, originality, innovativeness, methodology, feasibility, funding, ethical aspects, and writing of the grant application. We then performed a qualitative study of reviewer practices, particularly regarding the use of assessment criteria, among reviewers of the French Academic Hospital Research Grant Agencies (Programmes Hospitaliers de Recherche Clinique, PHRCs). Semi-structured interviews and observation sessions were conducted. Both the time spent assessing each grant application and the assessment methods varied across reviewers. The assessment criteria recommended by the PHRCs were listed by all reviewers as frequently evaluated and useful. However, use of the PHRC criteria was subjective and varied across reviewers. Some reviewers gave the same weight to each assessment criterion, whereas others considered originality to be the most important criterion (12/34), followed by methodology (10/34) and feasibility (4/34). Conceivably, this variability might adversely affect the reliability of the review process, and studies evaluating this hypothesis would be of interest. Conclusions Variability across reviewers may result in mistrust among grant applicants about the review process. Consequently, ensuring transparency is of the utmost importance. Consistency in the review process could also be improved by providing common definitions for each assessment criterion and uniform requirements for grant application submissions. Further research is needed to assess the feasibility and acceptability of these measures.

Abdoul, Hendy; Perrey, Christophe; Amiel, Philippe; Tubach, Florence; Gottot, Serge; Durand-Zaleski, Isabelle; Alberti, Corinne

2012-01-01

419

Living Reviews in Relativity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A peer-refereed, solely online physics journal publishing invited reviews covering all areas of relativity research. Reviews are kept up to date by their authors. All reference information is collected into a searchable database, and updated by their authors.

2003-10-10

420

Peer Victimization and Pediatric Obesity: A Review of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Childhood obesity is associated with a variety of medical and psychosocial consequences. Children who are obese are at an increased risk of being victims of weight-based stigmatization by their peers. Negative views toward obese individuals may be expressed through children's friendship selections and expressed levels of overt (e.g., pushing,…

Gray, Wendy N.; Kahhan, Nicole A.; Janicke, David M.

2009-01-01

421

Peer Attachment: A Meta-Analytic Review of Gender and Age Differences and Associations with Parent Attachment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In adolescence, peers represent key actors within individual social network. Given the relevance of peer connections and the growing literature examining them, the purpose of this article was to review, through a meta-analytic approach, studies on adolescent and youth peer relationships within the theoretical framework of attachment. First, we…

Gorrese, Anna; Ruggieri, Ruggero

2012-01-01

422

Students' reflection on online self-correction and peer review to improve writing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reflection is considered as a mental process of an individual’s internal problem-solving activity and rarely observed in face-to-face instruction. As a consequence, students have few opportunities to observe and learn from each other. This study aimed to arouse students’ reflection on both self-correction (one’s own problem-solving process in writing) and peer review (peers’ problem-solving process in writing) to improve their

Yu-Fen Yang

2010-01-01

423

REPORT ON THE PEER REVIEW OF THE U.S. EPA'S "Perchlorate ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION: TOXICOLOGICAL REVIEW AND RISK CHARACTERIZATION (External Review Draft)" 2002  

EPA Science Inventory

This report summarizes the comments made at a two-day independent scientific peer review meeting on the Agency's draft assessment of health and ecotoxicological effects of perchlorate, entitled Perchlorate Environmental Contamination: Toxicological Review and Risk Characteriza...

424

Reviewer acknowledgement 2012  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers The editor of Reproductive Health would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 9 (2012). Peer review is essential to the reliable communication of science and we appreciate the effort and generosity of our reviewers who give their time to furthering the excellence and integrity of the journal.

2013-01-01

425

DOE Hydrogen Program: 2007 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes comments from the Peer Review Panel at the FY 2007 DOE Hydrogen Program Annual Merit Review, held on May 14-18, 2007, in Washington, D.C. The projects evaluated support the Department of Energy and President Bush's Hydrogen Initiative. The results of this merit review and peer evaluation are major inputs used by DOE to make funding decisions. Project areas include hydrogen production and delivery; hydrogen storage; fuel cells; technology validation; safety, codes and standards; education; and systems analysis.

Milliken, J.

2007-09-01

426

A Review of Trends in Journalism Education. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite the lively debate and the plethora of terms used in the discussion, mass communication educators (at colleges and universities throughout the United States and the world) continue to struggle to define the direction journalism education should take. This Digest examines some of the "enduring issues" of journalism education: (1) the need…

Brynildssen, Shawna

427

Research Review: Magazines and Literary Journalism, an Embarrassment of Riches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Notes that literary journalism as a form of nonfiction prose remains largely unexplored by scholars. Recommends a number of questions for researchers to pursue. Postulates that the most fruitful investigations will explore literary journalism's ability to depict life being lived at a specific moment in a specific place. (SR)|

Connery, Thomas B.

1994-01-01

428

Medical students-as-teachers: a systematic review of peer-assisted teaching during medical school  

PubMed Central

Introduction International interest in peer-teaching and peer-assisted learning (PAL) during undergraduate medical programs has grown in recent years, reflected both in literature and in practice. There, remains however, a distinct lack of objective clarity and consensus on the true effectiveness of peer-teaching and its short- and long-term impacts on learning outcomes and clinical practice. Objective To summarize and critically appraise evidence presented on peer-teaching effectiveness and its impact on objective learning outcomes of medical students. Method A literature search was conducted in four electronic databases. Titles and abstracts were screened and selection was based on strict eligibility criteria after examining full-texts. Two reviewers used a standard review and analysis framework to independently extract data from each study. Discrepancies in opinions were resolved by discussion in consultation with other reviewers. Adapted models of “Kirkpatrick’s Levels of Learning” were used to grade the impact size of study outcomes. Results From 127 potential titles, 41 were obtained as full-texts, and 19 selected after close examination and group deliberation. Fifteen studies focused on student-learner outcomes and four on student-teacher learning outcomes. Ten studies utilized randomized allocation and the majority of study participants were self-selected volunteers. Written examinations and observed clinical evaluations were common study outcome assessments. Eleven studies provided student-teachers with formal teacher training. Overall, results suggest that peer-teaching, in highly selective contexts, achieves short-term learner outcomes that are comparable with those produced by faculty-based teaching. Furthermore, peer-teaching has beneficial effects on student-teacher learning outcomes. Conclusions Peer-teaching in undergraduate medical programs is comparable to conventional teaching when utilized in selected contexts. There is evidence to suggest that participating student-teachers benefit academically and professionally. Long-term effects of peer-teaching during medical school remain poorly understood and future research should aim to address this.

Yu, Tzu-Chieh; Wilson, Nichola C; Singh, Primal P; Lemanu, Daniel P; Hawken, Susan J; Hill, Andrew G

2011-01-01

429

Learning through Publishing "The Pi Sigma Alpha Undergraduate Journal of Politics"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Publishing a research journal can be a rewarding and useful learning experience for undergraduate students. Drawing upon our experiences with "The Pi Sigma Alpha Undergraduate Journal of Politics," we describe the benefits of producing a peer-reviewed journal. Among the benefits we highlight are gains in political science knowledge, increased…

Bauer, Benjamin J.; Ogas, Whitney C.; Shakir, Omar R.; Oxley, Zoe M.; Clawson, Rosalee A.

2009-01-01

430

Learning through Publishing "The Pi Sigma Alpha Undergraduate Journal of Politics"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Publishing a research journal can be a rewarding and useful learning experience for undergraduate students. Drawing upon our experiences with "The Pi Sigma Alpha Undergraduate Journal of Politics," we describe the benefits of producing a peer-reviewed journal. Among the benefits we highlight are gains in political science knowledge, increased…

Bauer, Benjamin J.; Ogas, Whitney C.; Shakir, Omar R.; Oxley, Zoe M.; Clawson, Rosalee A.

2009-01-01

431

Field Test of a Peer Review System for Digital Geoscience Education Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report the results of an experiment aimed at developing a rigorous peer review system for evaluating digital geoscience education resources under consideration for acceptance into a digital library. The objective is the basis for developing a digital library of the highest quality that will become a trusted resource for Earth science instructors. Our model is NSF-style review panels. Panels

M. A. Mayhew; M. K. Hall

2007-01-01

432

Clinicians' Evaluations of Psychodynamic Psychotherapy: Experimental Data on Psychological Peer Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer reviewers (N=70) of a psychodynamic, behavioral, or eclectic theoretical orientation evaluated one of three clinical treatment reports. Psychodynamic reviewers rated patients as more disturbed and in need of psychotherapy, and they were consistently more positive in their ratings of treatment. (Author)

Cohen, Lawrence H.; Oyster-Nelson, Carol K.

1981-01-01

433

Interactive Learning through Web-Mediated Peer Review of Student Science Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two studies analyzed impacts of writing and receiving web-mediated peer reviews on revision of research reports by undergraduate science students. After conducting toxicology experiments, 77 students posted draft reports and exchanged double-blind reviews. The first study randomly assigned students to four groups representing full, partial, or no…

Trautmann, Nancy M.

2009-01-01

434

Peer Review Organization Program Manual (HCFA PUB 19) Through Revision 61.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Peer Review Organization (PRO) Manual is a set of operating instructions designed to provide clarification and guidance to PROs in implementing and carrying out their required review functions. It serves as a guide to assist the PROs in meeting their ...

1996-01-01

435

Interactive Learning through Web-Mediated Peer Review of Student Science Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies analyzed impacts of writing and receiving web-mediated peer reviews on revision of research reports by undergraduate science students. After conducting toxicology experiments, 77 students posted draft reports and exchanged double-blind reviews. The first study randomly assigned students to four groups representing full, partial, or no…

Trautmann, Nancy M.

2009-01-01

436

Statistical analysis of the National Institutes of Health peer review system  

Microsoft Academic Search

A statistical model is proposed for the analysis of peer-review ratings of R01 grant applications submitted to the National Institutes of Health. Innovations of this model include parameters that reflect differences in reviewer scoring patterns, a mechanism to account for the transfer of information from an application's preliminary ratings and group discussion to final ratings provided by all panel members

Valen E. Johnson

2008-01-01

437

Scaffolded writing and rewriting in the discipline: A web-based reciprocal peer review system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes how SWoRD (scaffolded writing and rewriting in the discipline), a web-based reci- procal peer review system, supports writing practice, particularly for large content courses in which writing is considered critical but not feasibly included. To help students gain content knowledge as well as writing and reviewing skills, SWoRD supports the whole cycle of writing, reviews, back-reviews, and

Kwangsu Cho; Christian D. Schunn

2007-01-01

438

Writing to Learn: An Evaluation of the Calibrated Peer Review(TM) Program in Two Neuroscience Courses  

PubMed Central

Although the majority of scientific information is communicated in written form, and peer review is the primary process by which it is validated, undergraduate students may receive little direct training in science writing or peer review. Here, I describe the use of Calibrated Peer Review™ (CPR), a free, web-based writing and peer review program designed to alleviate instructor workload, in two undergraduate neuroscience courses: an upper- level sensation and perception course (41 students, three assignments) and an introductory neuroscience course (50 students; two assignments). Using CPR online, students reviewed primary research articles on assigned ‘hot’ topics, wrote short essays in response to specific guiding questions, reviewed standard ‘calibration’ essays, and provided anonymous quantitative and qualitative peer reviews. An automated grading system calculated the final scores based on a student’s essay quality (as determined by the average of three peer reviews) and his or her accuracy in evaluating 1) three standard calibration essays, 2) three anonymous peer reviews, and 3) his or her self review. Thus, students were assessed not only on their skill at constructing logical, evidence-based arguments, but also on their ability to accurately evaluate their peers’ writing. According to both student self-reports and instructor observation, students’ writing and peer review skills improved over the course of the semester. Student evaluation of the CPR program was mixed; while some students felt like the peer review process enhanced their understanding of the material and improved their writing, others felt as though the process was biased and required too much time. Despite student critiques of the program, I still recommend the CPR program as an excellent and free resource for incorporating more writing, peer review, and critical thinking into an undergraduate neuroscience curriculum.

Prichard, J. Roxanne

2005-01-01

439

Research on Mathematics Education in China in the Last Decade: A Review of Journal Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reviews literature on mathematics education in China in the last decade. It focuses on papers that were published after 2000, and Chinese Social Science Citation Index (CSSCI). Some influential journals in the field of mathematics education, such as the "Journal of Mathematics Education" and "Mathematics Instruction" were also…

Xu, Binyan

2010-01-01

440

Attitudes to peer review as a competence assurance structure — results of a survey of Irish physicians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  The Medical Council in Ireland is currently implementing Competence Assurance Structures (CAS). Peer review has been proposed\\u000a as a tool to measure physician competence.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Aims  To assess the attitudes of physicians working in the Irish healthcare system to a peer review programme of competence assurance\\u000a priorto its implementation.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A postal survey was sent to all physicians in the Irish Medical Directory

A. C. Moss; T. Dugal; B. Silke

2005-01-01

441

Electronic Journal of Qualitative Theory of Differential Equations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by the Bolyai Institute at the University of Szeged, the "Electronic Journal of Qualitative Theory of Differential Equations" publishes peer-reviewed articles related to "the qualitative theory (stability, periodicity, soundness, etc.) of differential equations (ODE's, PDE's, integral equations, functional differential equations, etc.) and their applications." Proceedings of conferences are also available in the journal.

Burton, T. A. (Theodore Allen), 1935-; Hatvani, L.; Makay, G.; Vajda, R.

2009-03-26

442

Research Minutes: How to Identify Scholarly Journal Articles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This video provides a short introduction to scholarly articles and peer reviewed journals for students. It covers the distinguishing features of academic journals and resources for searching this literature. Although some of the information is specific to the Cornell University libraries, the information is generally applicable to any college or university research library.

2010-04-14

443

Scientific Value of Systematic Reviews: Survey of Editors of Core Clinical Journals  

PubMed Central

Background Synthesizing research evidence using systematic and rigorous methods has become a key feature of evidence-based medicine and knowledge translation. Systematic reviews (SRs) may or may not include a meta-analysis depending on the suitability of available data. They are often being criticised as ‘secondary research’ and denied the status of original research. Scientific journals play an important role in the publication process. How they appraise a given type of research influences the status of that research in the scientific community. We investigated the attitudes of editors of core clinical journals towards SRs and their value for publication. Methods We identified the 118 journals labelled as “core clinical journals” by the National Library of Medicine, USA in April 2009. The journals’ editors were surveyed by email in 2009 and asked whether they considered SRs as original research projects; whether they published SRs; and for which section of the journal they would consider a SR manuscript. Results The editors of 65 journals (55%) responded. Most respondents considered SRs to be original research (71%) and almost all journals (93%) published SRs. Several editors regarded the use of Cochrane methodology or a meta-analysis as quality criteria; for some respondents these criteria were premises for the consideration of SRs as original research. Journals placed SRs in various sections such as “Review” or “Feature article”. Characterization of non-responding journals showed that about two thirds do publish systematic reviews. Discussion Currently, the editors of most core clinical journals consider SRs original research. Our findings are limited by a non-responder rate of 45%. Individual comments suggest that this is a grey area and attitudes differ widely. A debate about the definition of ‘original research’ in the context of SRs is warranted.

Antes, Gerd; von Elm, Erik

2012-01-01

444

Welcome to Journal of Foot and Ankle Research: a new open access journal for foot health professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Journal of Foot and Ankle Research (JFAR) is a new, open access, peer-reviewed online journal that encompasses all aspects of policy, organisation, delivery and clinical practice related to the assessment, diagnosis, prevention and management of foot and ankle disorders. JFAR will cover a wide range of clinical subject areas, including diabetology, paediatrics, sports medicine, gerontology and geriatrics, foot surgery, physical

Hylton B Menz; Mike J Potter; Alan M Borthwick; Karl B Landorf

2008-01-01

445

Accelerating the pace of discovery by changing the peer review algorithm  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of scientific publications is constantly rising, increasing the\\u000astrain on the review process. The number of submissions is actually higher, as\\u000aeach manuscript is often reviewed several times before publication. To face the\\u000adeluge of submissions, top journals reject a considerable fraction of\\u000amanuscripts without review, potentially declining manuscripts with merit. The\\u000asituation is frustrating for authors, reviewers

Stefano Allesina

2009-01-01

446

U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program 2011 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Report  

SciTech Connect

This document summarizes the comments provided by peer reviewers on hydrogen and fuel cell projects presented at the FY 2011 U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting (AMR), held May 9-13, 2011 in Arlington, Virginia

Satypal, S.

2011-09-01

447

Gender Effects in the Peer Reviews of Grant Proposals: A Comprehensive Meta-Analysis Comparing Traditional and Multilevel Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Peer review is valued in higher education, but also widely criticized in terms of potential biases, particularly gender. We evaluate gender differences in peer reviews of grant applications, extending Bornmann, Mutz, and Daniel's meta-analyses that reported small gender differences in favor of men (d = 0.04), but a substantial heterogeneity in…

Marsh, Herbert W.; Bornmann, Lutz; Mutz, Rudiger; Daniel, Hans-Dieter; O'Mara, Alison

2009-01-01

448

Gender Effects in the Peer Reviews of Grant Proposals: A Comprehensive Meta-Analysis Comparing Traditional and Multilevel Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review is valued in higher education, but also widely criticized in terms of potential biases, particularly gender. We evaluate gender differences in peer reviews of grant applications, extending Bornmann, Mutz, and Daniel's meta-analyses that reported small gender differences in favor of men (d = 0.04), but a substantial heterogeneity in…

Marsh, Herbert W.; Bornmann, Lutz; Mutz, Rudiger; Daniel, Hans-Dieter; O'Mara, Alison

2009-01-01

449

The effect of peer influence and selection processes on adolescent alcohol use: a systematic review of longitudinal studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adolescent alcohol use remains an important public health concern. One of the most salient and consistent predictors for drinking behaviour among young people is peer influence. A systematic review of longitudinal studies that examined the effect of peer influence on adolescent alcohol use between January 1997 and February 2011 is presented. Twenty-two studies fulfilled inclusion criteria and were reviewed. All

Rachel K. Leung; John W. Toumbourou; Sheryl A. Hemphill

2011-01-01

450

Peer Review and the Dilemmas of Quality Control in Programme Accreditation in South African Higher Education: Challenges and Possibilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper scrutinises the dynamics and the nature of peer review in the programme evaluation and accreditation process within the context of diverse individual and institutional legacies in South Africa. It analyses the peer review process and highlights the contestation at political, policy and epistemological levels. The paper argues that,…

Cross, Michael; Naidoo, Devika

2011-01-01

451

Peer Review and the Dilemmas of Quality Control in Programme Accreditation in South African Higher Education: Challenges and Possibilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The paper scrutinises the dynamics and the nature of peer review in the programme evaluation and accreditation process within the context of diverse individual and institutional legacies in South Africa. It analyses the peer review process and highlights the contestation at political, policy and epistemological levels. The paper argues that,…

Cross, Michael; Naidoo, Devika

2011-01-01

452

Aggregating post-publication peer reviews and ratings  

PubMed Central

Allocating funding for research often entails the review of the publications authored by a scientist or a group of scientists. For practical reasons, in many cases this review cannot be performed by a sufficient number of specialists in the core domain of the reviewed publications. In the meanwhile, each scientist reads thoroughly, on average, about 88 scientific articles per year, and the evaluative information that scientists can provide about these articles is currently lost. I suggest that aggregating in an online database reviews or ratings on the publications that scientists read anyhow can provide important information that can revolutionize the evaluation processes that support funding decisions. I also suggest that such aggregation of reviews can be encouraged by a system that would provide a publicly available review portfolio for each scientist, without prejudicing the anonymity of reviews. I provide some quantitative estimates on the number and distribution of reviews and ratings that can be obtained.

Florian, Razvan V.

2012-01-01

453

Journalism Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Journalism ethics, the norms of responsible journalism, can be traced back to the beginning of modern journalism in Europe during the seventeenth century. This chapter provides an overview of contemporary journalism ethics by following its evolution, by reviewing and critiquing major approaches, and by suggesting future work. The chapter begins with a view of ethics as practi- cal normative activity

Stephen J. A. Ward

2008-01-01

454

Characteristics Shared by the Scientific Electronic Journals of Latin America and the Caribbean  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our objective is to analyze the use that Latin American peer-reviewed journals make of the tools and opportunities provided by electronic publishing, particularly of those that would make them evolve to be more than \\

Saray Córdoba-González; Rolando Coto-Solano

2008-01-01

455

Peer Review of Multimedia Web Sites Authored by Student Teams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students are asked, as individuals in a team, to critically review the draft of a multimedia web site authored by another team in my course. Student must follow a template with 5 review criteria, and submit their review to each member of the web site author team and to me. Please see the handout below for instructions I give to students for this activity.

Ferrett, Trish

456

Political Intervention in Scientific Peer Review: Research on Adolescent Sexual Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1991, the secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) rescinded funding for a survey of adolescent health risk-taking behavior. The decision overturned a series of scientific and ethical peer and administrative reviews of the research, which had been chosen in a competitive evaluation of proposals to advance knowledge about the prevention of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and other diseases.

William Gardner; Brian L. Wilcox

1993-01-01

457

Research on Peer Coaching in Preservice Teacher Education--A Review of Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study reviewed eight studies selected from the ERIC and Education Complete databases covering the years 1997 through 2007. The goals of this study were to identify similarities and differences of peer coaching and to examine its feasibility and challenges in preservice teacher education. The four similarities among the studies identified are…

Lu, Hsiu-Lien

2010-01-01

458

Conflict Management: From Adversary to Advocate. Peer Review and Employee Advocacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The successful organization of the 1990s will fundamentally remake its employee relationship, especially through increased employee influence on the nature of work, organizational context, and quality of product/service. An employee advocacy peer review conflict resolution process has been useful in improving labor relations and enhancing the…

Mauer, George W.

1992-01-01

459

Using Student Peer Review of Experiment Reports in an Undergraduate Physics Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A class centered on student design of experiments and peer review of the resulting reports is described. Thirteen students in an honors seminar section of an introductory physics class designed experiments to test various types of paranormal phenomena. Each experimental report was evaluated and ranked by several other students. To give them…

Moran, Timothy; Van Hook, Stephen J.

2006-01-01

460

The Use of Self-, Peer and Co-assessment in Higher Education: A Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the use of self-, peer, and co-assessment in higher education focuses on: (1) research findings on these new assessment forms; (2) ways in which these results can be integrated; and (3) resulting guidelines for educational practitioners. Concludes that use of a combination of these new assessment forms encourages students to become…

Dochy, F.; Segers, M.; Sluijsmans, D.

1999-01-01

461

Using 360 degree peer review to validate self-reporting in human capital measurement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to address the subjectivity inherent in existing methods of human capital value measurement (HCVM) by proposing a 360-degree peer review as a method of validating self-reporting in HCVM surveys. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The case study is based on a survey of a section of the Royal Australian Navy. The sample was 118 respondents,

Peter Massingham; Thi Nguyet Que Nguyen; Rada Massingham

2011-01-01

462

A Synthesis of the Peer-Reviewed Differential Bundle Functioning Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this article was to present a synthesis of the peer-reviewed differential bundle functioning (DBF) research that has been conducted to date. A total of 16 studies were synthesized according to the following characteristics: tests used and learner groups, organizing principles used for developing bundles, DBF detection methods used,…

Banks, Kathleen

2013-01-01

463

The Effect of Peer Reviewing on Writing Apprehension and Essay Writing Ability of Prospective EFL Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study aimed to ascertain the current level of writing apprehension experienced by Saudi prospective EFL teachers and their current level of essay writing ability. It also aimed to assess the impact of peer reviewing on their writing apprehension level and essay writing ability. Data collection was carried out via two instruments: Second…

Jahin, Jamal Hamed

2012-01-01

464

The Future of Peer Review in the Humanities Is Wide Open  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Nobody likes the current system of peer review, and most everybody agrees it should move online. But from there, opinions diverge. As humanities editors continue to experiment with Web-based technology, two proposed online tools are highlighting disagreement over what needs fixing. Peter H. Sigal, a blue-haired associate professor of history at…

Mole, Beth

2012-01-01

465

Innovative Peer Review Model for Rural Physicians: System Design and Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Context: The peer review process in small rural hospitals is complicated by limited numbers of physicians, conflict of interest, issues related to appropriate utilization of new technology, possibility for conflicting recommendations, and need for external expertise. Purpose: The purpose of this project was to design, test, and implement a…

Williams, Josie R.; Mechler, Kathy; Akins, Ralitsa B.

2008-01-01

466

Research on Peer Coaching in Preservice Teacher Education--A Review of Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reviewed eight studies selected from the ERIC and Education Complete databases covering the years 1997 through 2007. The goals of this study were to identify similarities and differences of peer coaching and to examine its feasibility and challenges in preservice teacher education. The four similarities among the studies identified are…

Lu, Hsiu-Lien

2010-01-01

467

Approach to the Control of Potential Biological Hazards Through a Peer Review Process.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Protection of personnel against hazardous biological agents during their use in research is discussed. The peer review process outlined in this paper has been in use at Oak Ridge National Laboratory for better than ten years. It has enjoyed excellent acce...

N. E. Bolton A. S. Garrett T. A. Lincoln W. E. Porter

1978-01-01

468

Four Draft Working Papers: PEER REVIEW IN ACADEMIC PROMOTION AND PUBLISHING: Its Meaning, Locus, and Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of its Andrew W. Mellon Foundation-funded Future of Scholarly Communication Project, the Center for Studies in Higher Education (CSHE) has hosted two meetings to explore how peer review relates to scholarly communication and academic values. In preparation for an April 2010 workshop, four working papers were developed and circulated. They are presented as drafts here. (The proceedings from

2010-01-01

469

Using Student Peer Review of Experiment Reports in an Undergraduate Physics Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A class centered on student design of experiments and peer review of the resulting reports is described. Thirteen students in an honors seminar section of an introductory physics class designed experiments to test various types of paranormal phenomena. Each experimental report was evaluated and ranked by several other students. To give them…

Moran, Timothy; Van Hook, Stephen J.

2006-01-01

470

Integral Sustainability Western Power Sustainability Assessment Peer Review Eneabba to Moonyoonooka Transmission Line Corridor Selection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Western Power requested Integral Sustainability to conduct a peer review of the approach and methodologies applied in the Eneabba to Moonyoonooka Transmission Line Corridor selection process. The corridor selection process was undertaken by Western Power and SKM through a highly effective process in which sustainability assessment and stakeholder engagement were integrated with planning processes in a way that ensured not

Jenny Pope; Ross Lantzke

471

HUDSON RIVER PCBS SUPERFUND SITE RECORD OF DECISION PERFORMANCE STANDARDS PEER REVIEW  

EPA Science Inventory

The independent external peer review of dredging resuspension, PCB residuals, and production rate performance standards and the attendant monitoring program, as well as a report prepared at the end of the first phase of dredging. The report will allow comparison of dredging oper...

472

An Analysis of Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) in a Science Lecture Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) is an online tool being used to integrate a writing component in classrooms. In an introductory zoology lecture class, the authors found that CPR-assigned scores were significantly higher than instructor-assigned scores on two of three essay assignments. They also found that neither students' technical-writing skills…

Walvoord, Mark E.; Hoefnagels, Marielle H.; Gaffin, Douglas D.; Chumchal, Matthew M.; Long, David A.

2008-01-01

473

Ten Years of Peer-Reviewed Articles in Counselor Education: Where, What, Who?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although counselor educators may be called on to justify publication venues, authorship order, and types of articles for purposes of promotion and tenure, there are few sources of data regarding norms for publication in counselor education. The current study examined peer-reviewed publication venues, article types, and authorship order of 317…

Minton, Casey A. Barrio; Fernando, Delini M.; Ray, Dee C.

2008-01-01

474

The Future of Peer Review in the Humanities Is Wide Open  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nobody likes the current system of peer review, and most everybody agrees it should move online. But from there, opinions diverge. As humanities editors continue to experiment with Web-based technology, two proposed online tools are highlighting disagreement over what needs fixing. Peter H. Sigal, a blue-haired associate professor of history at…

Mole, Beth

2012-01-01

475

Peer Assessment and Compliance Review (PACR) Innovative Strategies Report. California Court Appointed Special Advocates (CASA) Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report focuses on the innovative strategies study component of the Peer Assessment and Compliance Review (PACR) project. California (Court Appointed Special Advocates) CASA programs have developed many innovative strategies to serve children in their communities. At each of the programs visited during the PACR project, the team identified…

Macro, Bronwen; Huang, Lee Ann

2005-01-01

476

Grist for the Sceptic's Mill: Rwanda and the African Peer Review Mechanism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article delves into the impact of the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) to Rwanda's achievement of greater democracy and respect for political freedom. It aims to show the improbability that the APRM can influence the country due to its insufficient ability and volition to pressure further democratization and respect for political rights on Rwandan government, the APRM's optimistic view

Eduard Christiaan JORDAAN

2007-01-01

477

Identifying the potential organizational impact of an educational peer review program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature on educational peer review (EPR) has focused on evaluating EPR's impact on faculty and\\/or student learning outcomes; no literature exists on the potential organizational impact. A qualitative (case study) research design explored perceptions of 17 faculty and 10 administrators within a school of nursing in an Ontario university regarding the potential impact of an EPR program on organizational

Kate E. Toth; Colleen A. McKey

2010-01-01

478

Peer Review in Academic Promotion and Publishing: Its Meaning, Locus, and Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of its Andrew W. Mellon Foundation-funded Future of Scholarly Communication Project, the Center for Studies in Higher Education (CSHE) has hosted two meetings to explore how peer review relates to scholarly communication and academic values. In preparation for an April 2010 workshop, four working papers were developed and circulated. They…

Harley, Diane; Acord, Sophia Krzys; Earl-Novell, Sarah

2010-01-01

479

Pre-Service Teachers' Perceptions of the Benefits of Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The paper draws initially on theoretical literature describing schools and universities as, necessarily, dialogic learning communities, which is then applied to an investigation into the use of peer review in teacher education in an Australian university. The empirical research described was completed with pre-service teachers of religious…

Buchanan, Michael T.; Stern, Julian

2012-01-01

480

Peer review of consultations in primary care: the use of audiovisual recordings  

Microsoft Academic Search

A rating scale was designed to measure performance in interviewing techniques in primary care. Peer review of audiovisual recordings of their consultations showed that a group of experienced general practitioners achieved significantly higher scores on the rating scale compared with a group of similarly experienced general practitioners who did not observe their recordings. The higher scores were obtained at the

J E Verby; P Holden; R H Davis

1979-01-01

481

Peer reviews and bibliometric indicators: a comparative study at a Norwegian university  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the relationship between bibliometric indicators and the outcomes of peer reviews. Based on a case study of research groups at the University of Bergen, Norway, we examine how various bibliometric indicators cor- relate with evaluation ratings given by expert committees. The analysis shows positive but rela- tively weak correlations for all the selected indi- cators. Particular attention

Dag W Aksnes; Randi Elisabeth Taxt

2004-01-01

482

From family to peer: A review of transitions of influence among drug-using youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research concerning relative and independent influences of family and peers upon adolescent drug use is reviewed. Although conflict between family and adolescents is one of the oldest, most predictable, and—in Western society—probably least avoidable of developmental conflicts, the sharp focus upon this conflict in the context of adolescent drug use is a more recent development. As interest and concern

Thomas J. Glynn

1981-01-01

483

Peer Review and Teacher Leadership: Linking Professionalism and Accountability. Series on School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book examines a policy that is one of the most powerful levers to improve teaching quality and advance teaching as a profession. Jennifer Goldstein presents the story of Rosemont, an urban district in California that created "professional accountability" with peer assistance and review (PAR), an alternative approach to teacher evaluation in…

Goldstein, Jennifer

2010-01-01

484

Exploring E-Learners' Perceptions of Net-Based Peer-Reviewed English Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of a net-based peer review process for improving Chinese adult e-learners' English writing ability. A class of 36 students participated in this study, which lasted one school year of two semesters. Participants were divided into three groups according to their English writing abilities at the…

Ge, Zi-gang

2011-01-01

485

Ten Years of Peer-Reviewed Articles in Counselor Education: Where, What, Who?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although counselor educators may be called on to justify publication venues, authorship order, and types of articles for purposes of promotion and tenure, there are few sources of data regarding norms for publication in counselor education. The current study examined peer-reviewed publication venues, article types, and authorship order of 317…

Minton, Casey A. Barrio; Fernando, Delini M.; Ray, Dee C.

2008-01-01

486

Peer-Reviewed Research and Individualized Education Programs (IEPS): An Examination of Intent and Impact  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The reauthorized Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) requires Individualized Education Program (IEP) teams to base the selection of special education, related services, and supplementary aids and services on peer-reviewed research (PRR) to the extent practicable. This article examines the intended purpose of the PRR provision and…

Etscheidt, Susan; Curran, Christina M.

2010-01-01

487

Beyond Peer-Reviewed Articles: Using Blogs to Enrich Students' Understanding of Scholarly Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Undergraduate students are expected to find, evaluate, and use peer-reviewed or scholarly literature, but they rarely learn about the process of creating new knowledge or the roles the literature plays in the work of scholars. A desired outcome of undergraduate education is the understanding that knowledge is created, evolving, and contextual…

Deitering, Anne-Marie; Gronemyer, Kate

2011-01-01

488

Peer Review in the National Science Foundation: Phase Two of a Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report completes the second phase of a searching inquiry into the peer review process as it functions at the National Science Foundation. The report of the first phase, issued in November 1978 consists in part of a statistical retrospective evaluation...

J. R. Cole S. Cole

1981-01-01

489

The Contradictions in Science Education Peer Review and Possibilities for Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

The final paper in this special issue of Research in Science Education is a synthesis of the articles that comprise the special issue. The main part of the article consists of a metalogue between the two authors in which we identify critical issues associated with peer review and highlight theory and practices we regard as salient to the continued improvement

Kenneth Tobin; Wolff-Michael Roth

2002-01-01

490

An Analysis of Peer Review Response Types in Threaded Discussions of an Online Graduate Class  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effectiveness of a peer review process for online graduate students is predicated on a balance between social- and task-directed communications. The defining criteria of learning communities are presented to illustrate the operational meaning of social and the criteria for Critical Thinking used to illustrate the operational meaning of task response types. The social responses were further categorized as an

Tim Molseed

2011-01-01

491

Assessment of Programming Language Learning Based on Peer Code Review Model: Implementation and Experience Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The traditional assessment approach, in which one single written examination counts toward a student's total score, no longer meets new demands of programming language education. Based on a peer code review process model, we developed an online assessment system called "EduPCR" and used a novel approach to assess the learning of computer…

Wang, Yanqing; Li, Hang; Feng, Yuqiang; Jiang, Yu; Liu, Ying

2012-01-01

492

Embedding Research in a Field-Based Module through Peer Review and Assessment for Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A case study is presented of embedding research in a final year undergraduate, field-based, physical geography module. The approach is holistic, whereby research-based learning activities simulate the full life cycle of research from inception through to peer review and publication. The learning, teaching and assessment strategy emphasizes the…

Nicholson, Dawn T.

2011-01-01

493

Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If you've ever had a yen to learn more about the traditional knowledge of wild edible plants used in Palestine or the medicinal plants of southeastern Ethiopia, then the Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine is for you. The Journal an open access, peer-reviewed journal published by BioMed Central, and visitors can browse through all the issues here and also take a gander at the top ten most accessed articles. Visitors can also sign up to receive the journal's RSS feed and email articles directly to friends and associates. The site also contains information on how to submit manuscripts for consideration and details on the editorial board and the editor-in-chief. Given the increased profile and interest as of late in these two intriguing fields, this is certainly a journal worth a look.

494

Journal of Experimental & Clinical Assisted Reproduction: shaping the future of research and practice in reproductive endocrinology\\/infertility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Journal of Experimental & Clinical Assisted Reproduction is an open access, online, peer-review journal publishing papers on all aspects of research into reproductive endocrinology, infertility, bioethics and the advanced reproductive technologies. The journal reports on important developments impacting the field of human reproductive medicine and surgery. The field exists as a sub-specialty of obstetrics & gynecology, focusing on the diagnosis

E Scott Sills; Robert M Winston; Gianpiero D Palermo

2004-01-01

495

A Year in Review: The "High School Journal" in 1920  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1920, the "High School Journal" had been up and running for a year and cost 15 cents an issue. Robert Goddard was ridiculed by the "New York Times" for predicting space travel (a retraction was printed in 1969), small countries like Ireland and Romania were fighting for their own governments, and American women voted for the first time in a…

Job, Jennifer G.

2009-01-01

496

Reviewing the Gatekeepers: A Survey of Referees of Library Journals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a survey that examined the practices and attitudes of referees of scholarly journals in librarianship. Topics covered include the role of the referee in the editorial process, experience and qualifications of referees, evaluation criteria used in judging articles, and the editorial process in general. (31 references) (CLB)

Glogoff, Stuart

1988-01-01

497

The Effects of Peer Tutoring on Academic Performance of Students with Disabilities in Grades 6 through 12: A Synthesis of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This synthesis examined the effects of peer tutoring on academic performance of students with disabilities in Grades 6 through 12. Twelve studies met all the criteria for this synthesis: (a) original studies, (b) published in peer-reviewed journals between 1997 and 2007, (c) investigated peer tutoring in special education students in Grades 6…

Okilwa, Nathern S. A.; Shelby, Liz

2010-01-01

498

Lessons Learned from the Frenchman Flat Flow and Transport Modeling External Peer Review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objective of the U.S. Department of Energy's Underground Test Area Program program is to forecast, using computer modeling, the contaminant boundary of radionuclide transport in groundwater at the Nevada National Security Site that exceeds the Safe Drinking Water Act after 1000 yrs. This objective is defined within the Federal Facilities Agreement and Consent Order between the Department of Energy, Department of Defense and State of Nevada Division of Environmental Protection . At one of the Corrective Action Units, Frenchman Flat, a Phase I flow and transport model underwent peer review in 1999 to determine if the model approach, assumptions and results adequate to be used as a decision tool as a basis to negotiate a compliance boundary with Nevada Division of Environmental Protection. The external peer review decision was that the model was not fully tested under a full suite of possible conceptual models, including boundary conditions, flow mechanisms, other transport processes, hydrological framework models, sensitivity and uncertainty analysis, etc. The program went back to collect more data, expand modeling to consider other alternatives that were not adequately tested, and conduct sensitivity and uncertainty analysis. A second external peer review was held in August 2010. Their conclusion that the new Frenchman Flat flow and transport modeling analysis were adequate as a decision tool and that the model was ready to advance to the next step in the Federal Facilities Agreement and Consent Order strategy. We will discuss the processes to changing the modeling that occurred between the first and second peer reviews, and then present the second peer review general comments. Finally, we present the lessons learned from the total model acceptance process required for federal regulatory compliance.

Becker, N. M.; Crowe, B. M.; Ruskauff, G.; Kwicklis, E. M.; Wilborn, B.

2011-12-01

499

Implementing Calibrated Peer Review to Enhance Technical Critiquing Skills in a Bioengineering Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed at UCLA, Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) is a web-based tool developed to help students improve their technical writing and critiquing skills. In 2006 and 2007 we used CPR in an upper-level tissue culture laboratory course in which students conduct viability, attachment, and proliferation assays using fibroblast cells. After completing their experiments, students use PowerPoint to construct a technical poster that illustrates their experimental methods, results, and conclusions. For the CPR component of the assignment, students first evaluate three sample posters supplied by the instructor to calibrate their critiquing skills. After this step, students conduct a blind review of three peers posters and then evaluate their own. During the calibration, peer critiquing and self evaluation stages, students respond to 15 statements about the quality of the posters. Eleven statements cover technical content, including succinct summary of objectives, clear experimental methods, quality of graphs, and key results interpreted in words. Three statements probe the posters visual appeal, including appropriate size and style of font. One final statement requires a holistic evaluation of the poster. Following CPR, students turn in a revised copy of their technical poster. In 2006, students had difficulty during the calibration phase. Following a major revision of the calibration phase in 2007, 79% of students passed all three calibration posters. Instructor, peer, and self evaluations were compared. There was a strong linear correlation between instructor evaluation and peer evaluation (r = 0.60, regression model ANOVA P0.2). These results suggest that students may be better able to technically evaluate others work, rather than their own. Students perceived the peer evaluation process as generally helpful, although they noted that their peers comments were less specific and occasionally inconsistent with their instructors feedback. Students reported on surveys that peer evaluation was effective in helping them to recognize many facets of technical poster design, such as errors and omissions, data presentation, and technical argument. 97% of the students claimed their technical critiquing skills improved as a result of this experience. We feel that using CPR to facilitate the peer evaluation process is an effective way to enhance undergraduate engineering students technical critiquing skills.

Saterbak, Ann; Volz, Tracy

2010-09-09

500

SUPPLEMENTAL COLUMBIA RIVER PROTECTION ACTIVITIES AT THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY HANFORD SITE: 2006 TECHNICAL PEER REVIEW  

SciTech Connect

Prompted by a $10 million Congressional allocation to identify supplemental actions to protect the Columbia River from groundwater contamination beneath the Hanford Reservation, the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Management (EM) Office of Clean-up Technology identified twenty-three potential technical projects and then down-selected ten of these for further evaluation. An independent expert peer review was conducted for the ten down-selected proposals. The review panel consisted of twenty-three recognized subject matter experts that broadly represented academia, industry, and federal laboratories. Of the initial ten proposals reviewed, one was given unconditional support, six were given conditional support, and three were not supported as proposed. Three additional proposals were then submitted by DOE for review--these proposals were structured, in part, to respond to the initial round of technical peer review comments. Peer reviews of these additional proposals provided conditional support. For those proposals that received conditional support, DOE requested specific implementation and work plans and assessed whether the plans adequately addressed the technical conditions identified by the review panel. The final list of technology proposals receiving support, or conditional support, primarily focused on understanding and reducing the potential impacts of uranium, chromium, and strontium from facilities adjacent to the Columbia River, with a secondary focus on understanding and limiting the future Columbia River impacts from the large carbon tetrachloride groundwater plume underlying and downgradient of the Hanford Central Plateau facilities. The results and recommendations of the peer reviews informed the final DOE project selections and supported implementation of the selected projects to protect the Columbia River and address groundwater contamination at Hanford.

Looney, B; Dawn Kaback; Gene Leboeuf; Jason Mulvihill-Kuntz; Lynn Lefkoff

2006-12-20