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1

Peer review and journal models  

E-print Network

Tentative analysis of alternative peer review and journal models. Open Access and Impact factor issues are not covered. The bibliography, in alphabetical order, lists articles and web sites (with brief description).

Dall'Aglio, P

2006-01-01

2

Afterword - Why Peer Review Journals?  

Microsoft Academic Search

More than 50% of academic libraries' budgets are spent on peer review journal subscriptions [1]. One may wonder why these publications (often) with plain and dull covers (unlike those attractive, colorful magazines on newsstands), small subscription base and specialized readership carry such importance. The reason is simple. Publishing a journal for interested researchers, academics, and practitioners benefits the advancement of

Ellen Yi-Luen Do

2003-01-01

3

Quanxi JIA Peer reviewed journal publications > 380  

E-print Network

Quanxi JIA Peer reviewed journal publications > 380 Nanoscience Related Publications (Selected peer reviewed journal articles) � Q. Lin, Y. Xu, E. G. Fu under a poly(vinyl alcohol) spray," Carbon 49, 4786 (2011). � J. S. Lee, Y

4

Find articles in peer reviewed journals? The terms academic, scholarly, refereed and peer-reviewed are often used  

E-print Network

Find articles in peer reviewed journals? The terms academic, scholarly, refereed and peer-reviewed the scholarship of articles submitted for publication. I- How to know if a journal is peer-reviewed? From the AUB for the "peer-reviewed" symbol next to the journal title II- How to find scholarly or peer-reviewed articles

Shihadeh, Alan

5

Periodicals Contact Economic Systems is a peer-reviewed journal  

E-print Network

Periodicals Contact Economic Systems is a peer-reviewed journal for the analysis of the causes of Eastern Europe") is a peer-reviewed journal published quar- terly that focuses on the history for East and Southeast European Studies. The journal is peer-reviewed and appears quarterly. It offers

Schubart, Christoph

6

journals.tdl.org/twj An online, peer-reviewed journal  

E-print Network

journals.tdl.org/twj An online, peer-reviewed journal published in cooperation with the Texas Water Resources Institute http://journals.tdl.org/twj THE TEXAS WATER JOURNAL is an online, peer-reviewed journal Resources Institute Volume 1, Number 1September 2010 TEXAS WATER JOURNAL Inaugural Issue Desalination

Yang, Zong-Liang

7

Thank you to Virology Journal's peer reviewers in 2012  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers The editors of Virology Journal would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 9 (2012). The success of any scientific journal depends on an effective and strict peer review process and Virology Journal could not operate without your contribution. We look forward to your continuous support to this journal either as an invited reviewer or a contributing author in the years to come.

2013-01-01

8

Journals, repositories, peer review, non-peer review, and the future of scholarly communication  

E-print Network

Peer reviewed journals are a key part of the system by which academic knowledge is developed and communicated. Problems have often been noted, and alternatives proposed, but the journal system still survives. In this article I focus on problems relating to reliance on subject-specific journals and peer review. Contrary to what is often assumed, there are alternatives to the current system, some of which have only becoming viable since the rise of the world wide web. The market for academic ideas should be opened up by separating the publication service from the review service: the former would ideally be served by an open access, web-based repository system encompassing all disciplines, whereas the latter should be opened up to encourage non-peer reviews from different perspectives, user reviews, statistics reviews, reviews from the perspective of different disciplines, and so on. The possibility of multiple reviews of the same artefact should encourage competition between reviewing organizations and should m...

Wood, Michael

2013-01-01

9

Thank you to Virology Journal's peer reviewers in 2013  

PubMed Central

The editors of Virology Journal would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 10 (2013). The success of any scientific journal depends on an effective and strict peer review process and Virology Journal could not operate without your contribution. We are grateful to the large number of reviewers (1026 to be exact!), who have done a great job in not only lifting the quality of the journals scientific peer reviewing process, but also helped us to achieve our goal of a median time to first decision of just 35 days. Our record time from submission to online, open access, publication in 2013 was 22 days for a Research Article [1] and 28 days for a Review [2]. This is a great achievement by any standard. We look forward to your continuous support of Virology Journal either as an invited reviewer or a contributing author in the years to come.

2014-01-01

10

ABOUT THE JOURNAL HOPOS presents international, peer-reviewed scholarship  

E-print Network

ABOUT THE JOURNAL HOPOS presents international, peer-reviewed scholarship concerning the history of philosophical discussions about science. The journal provides an outlet for interdisciplinary work that helps, and political context. Featuring articles, book reviews, and annually, an extensive essay review of the recent

Mateo, Jill M.

11

A Journal of Ideas, Institutions, and Culture The only peer-reviewed academic journal exclusively  

E-print Network

A Journal of Ideas, Institutions, and Culture The only peer-reviewed academic journal exclusively of Ideas, Institutions, and Culture AMERICAN POLITICAL THOUGHT: The only peer-reviewed academic journal devoted to the study of American political thought. Michael Zuckert, Editor www.journals

Mateo, Jill M.

12

Accelerated Peer-Review Journal Usage Technique for Undergraduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The internet has given undergraduate students ever-increasing access to academic journals via search engines and online databases. However, students typically do not have the ability to use these journals effectively. This often poses a dilemma for instructors. The accelerated peer-review journal usage (APJU) technique provides a way for

Wallace, J. D.

2008-01-01

13

Are road safety evaluation studies published in peer reviewed journals more valid than similar studies not published in peer reviewed journals?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The peer review system of scientific journals is commonly assumed to prevent seriously flawed research from getting published. This paper compares the quality of 44 road safety evaluation studies published in peer reviewed journals to the quality of 79 evalutation studies dealing with the same safety measures, but not published in peer reviewed journals, in terms of seven criteria of

Rune Elvik

1998-01-01

14

Consistency between Peer Reviewers for a Clinical Specialty Journal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of reliability among peer reviews of 422 unsolicited articles for the "Journal of Clinical Anesthesia" found that most articles' reviews were consistent or near consistent. However, articles reviewed by two of the editorial board members were much less likely to be accepted than those read by two nonmembers. (Author/MSE)

Cullen, David J.; Macaulay, Anne

1992-01-01

15

Peer-review policy and guidelines for Biochemia Medica Journal  

PubMed Central

Peer review is widely used system for evaluating manuscripts prior to publication. It has been and still is widely used tool for making justified and fair editorial decision. However, the evidence of its efficacy is limited and it has been criticized to be time-consuming, biased, inconsistent, conservative, and open to abuse. As a result, researchers, editors and policymakers have questioned its objectivity and purpose. Nevertheless, this should not be the reason for abandoning the principles of peer review, but to make the additional efforts towards its improvement. Therefore, this Research Integrity Corner aims to describe basic principles of peer review and to introduce Biochemia Medicas guidelines for peer reviewers. Our intention is to help our peer reviewers provide evaluations that are as fair and objective as possible, while helping the journal publish innovative research of the highest quality.

Smolcic, Vesna Supak; Simundic, Ana-Maria

2014-01-01

16

Are Peer Reviewers Encouraged to Use Reporting Guidelines? A Survey of 116 Health Research Journals  

E-print Network

Are Peer Reviewers Encouraged to Use Reporting Guidelines? A Survey of 116 Health Research Journals prepare better manuscripts may help peer reviewers in assessing them. We examined journals' instructions to peer reviewers and 2) presence or absence of key domains within instructions: on journal logistics

17

Can open access repositories and peer-reviewed journals coexist?  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is often assumed that open access repositories and peer-reviewed journals are in competition with each other and therefore will in the long term be unable to coexist. This paper takes a critical look at that assumption. It draws on the available evidence of actual practice which indicates that coexistence is possible at least in the medium term. It discusses

Stephen Pinfield

2007-01-01

18

Scientific composition and review of manuscripts for publication in peer-reviewed dental journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides an extensive tutorial for writers and reviewers involved with the preparation and evaluation of manuscripts submitted for publication in dental journals. The contents were compiled from the Instructions for Authors printed in various peer-reviewed dental journals and from feedback from 10 workshops conducted for the Editorial Review Board of the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. The 10 major

Stephen C. Bayne; Glen P. McGivney; Sarah C. Mazer

19

Scientific composition and review of manuscripts for publication in peer-reviewed dental journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides an extensive tutorial for writers and reviewers involved with the preparation and evaluation of manuscripts submitted for publication in dental journals. The contents were compiled from the Instructions for Authors printed in various peer-reviewed dental journals and from feedback from 10 workshops conducted for the Editorial Review Board of the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. The 10 major

Stephen C. Bayne; Glen P. McGivney; Sarah C. Mazer

2003-01-01

20

Peer review.  

PubMed

The maintenance of quality and integrity in clinical and basic science research depends upon peer review. This process has stood the test of time and has evolved to meet increasing work loads, and ways of detecting fraud in the scientific community. However, in the 21st century, the emphasis on evidence-based medicine and good science has placed pressure on the ways in which the peer review system is used by most journals. This paper reviews the peer review system and the problems it faces in the digital age, and proposes possible solutions. PMID:24692607

Twaij, H; Oussedik, S; Hoffmeyer, P

2014-04-01

21

ForPeerReview OMICS: A Journal of Integrative Biology: http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/omics  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview OMICS: A Journal of Integrative Biology: http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/omics Journal: OMICS: A Journal of Integrative Biology Manuscript ID: OMI-2008-0074 Manuscript Type: Original Rochelle, NY 10801 OMICS: A Journal of Integrative Biology #12;ForPeerReview 1 Unsupervised selection

Androulakis, Ioannis (Yannis)

22

Writing narrative literature reviews for peer-reviewed journals: secrets of the trade  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo describe and discuss the process used to write a narrative review of the literature for publication in a peer-reviewed journal. Publication of narrative overviews of the literature should be standardized to increase their objectivity.

Bart N. Green; Claire D. Johnson; Alan Adams

2006-01-01

23

Reviewing the Review Process: Towards Good Practice in the Peer Review of Manuscripts Submitted to Nursing Journals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that there is little consistency among review processes of nursing journals. Recommends a standardized peer review system, establishment of guidelines for referees, and introduction of open rather than anonymous reviewing. (SK)

Burnard, Philip; Hannigan, Ben

2001-01-01

24

Accuracy in the Identification of Scholarly and Peer-Reviewed Journals and the Peer-Review Process Across Disciplines  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first section of this paper examines the accuracy of the two major periodical directories, Ulrich's (UL) and Serials Directory (SD), in identifying scholarly and peer-reviewed journals. There were significant discrepancies found between SD and UL. A similar difference was also found between SD and journal-provided information, while UL closely reflected journal-provided information.The second section looks at the differences and

Robert G. Bachand; Pamela P. Sawallis

2003-01-01

25

The Blind Shall See! The Question of Anonymity in Journal Peer Review. David Pontille & Didier Torny  

E-print Network

The Blind Shall See! The Question of Anonymity in Journal Peer Review. David Pontille & Didier Torny adanewmedia.org/2014/04/issue4-pontilletorny/ Whatever form it may take, the peer review in particular) who feel themselves to have been hard done by is far from anecdotal. Peer review was one

Boyer, Edmond

26

ABOUT THE JOURNAL American Art is a peer-reviewed journal dedicated to exploring  

E-print Network

ABOUT THE JOURNAL American Art is a peer-reviewed journal dedicated to exploring all aspects Scholars, art historians, museum curators, students, and specialists in American studies. 2014 ADVERTISING, American Art provides an understanding not only of specific artists and art objects, but also

Mateo, Jill M.

27

ABOUT THE JOURNAL American Art is a peer-reviewed journal dedicated to exploring all  

E-print Network

ABOUT THE JOURNAL American Art is a peer-reviewed journal dedicated to exploring all aspects Scholars, art historians, museum curators, students, and specialists in American studies. 2013 ADVERTISING, American Art provides an understanding not only of specific artists and art objects, but also

Mateo, Jill M.

28

Student Learning through Mentored Scholarship (SLMS) is an interdisciplinary, peer-reviewed, open-access journal  

E-print Network

Student Learning through Mentored Scholarship (SLMS) is an interdisciplinary, peer-reviewed, open as a learning tool. We encourage you to submit your manuscript through SAGE Track, SAGE's web-based peer review-access journal that focuses on mentored learning within higher education. The journal engages in disseminating

Olsen, Stephen L.

29

Seeing the Sites: Latin American Studies Online: A Review of Free Peer-Reviewed Journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public services librarians seeking to assist researchers in Latin American studies are increasingly augmenting their searches to include online publications not generally indexed in typical library journal and newspaper databases. Allan Scherlen introduces us to this multifaceted world of Web publications in Latin American Studies, centering on two free online peer-reviewed journals that offer an alternative to the traditional subscription

Allan Scherlen

2004-01-01

30

Peer Review Process in Medical Journals  

PubMed Central

Reviewers play key roles in manuscript processing and publication. This article describes in detail how the reviewer serves their two key roles as a gatekeeper of making publication recommendations for the editorial board and a consultant providing constructive comments to authors to improve the quality of the manuscripts to be published. PMID:24340158

Cho, Young Gyu

2013-01-01

31

Editorial Peer Reviewers' Recommendations at a General Medical Journal: Are They Reliable and Do Editors Care?  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundEditorial peer review is universally used but little studied. We examined the relationship between external reviewers' recommendations and the editorial outcome of manuscripts undergoing external peer-review at the Journal of General Internal Medicine (JGIM).Methodology\\/Principal FindingsWe examined reviewer recommendations and editors' decisions at JGIM between 2004 and 2008. For manuscripts undergoing peer review, we calculated chance-corrected agreement among reviewers on recommendations

Richard L. Kravitz; Peter Franks; Mitchell D. Feldman; Martha Gerrity; Cindy Byrne; William M. Tierney; Margaret Sampson

2010-01-01

32

Best peer reviewers and the quality of peer review in biomedical journals.  

PubMed

Current scholarly publications heavily rely on high quality peer review. Peer review, albeit imperfect, is aimed at improving science writing and editing. Evidence supporting peer review as a guarantor of the quality of biomedical publications is currently lacking. Its outcomes are largely dependent on the credentials of the reviewers. Several lines of evidence suggest that predictors of the best contributors to the process include affiliation to a good University and proper research training. Though the options to further improve peer review are currently limited, experts are in favor of formal education and courses on peer review for all contributors to this process. Long-term studies are warranted to assess the strengths and weaknesses of this approach. PMID:22911533

Gasparyan, Armen Yuri; Kitas, George D

2012-08-01

33

Publishing your work in a journal: understanding the peer review process.  

PubMed

Manuscripts have been subjected to the peer review process prior to publication for over 300 years. Currently, the peer review process is used by almost all scientific journals, and The International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy is no exception. Scholarly publication is the means by which new work is communicated and peer review is an important part of this process. Peer review is a vital part of the quality control mechanism that is used to determine what is published, and what is not. The purpose of this commentary is to provide a description of the peer review process, both generally, and as utilized by The International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy. It is the hope of the authors that this will assist those who submit scholarly works to understand the purpose of the peer review process, as well as to appreciate the length of time required for a manuscript to complete the process and move toward publication. PMID:23091777

Voight, Michael L; Hoogenboom, Barbara J

2012-10-01

34

2014 peer reviewers.  

PubMed

The American Journal of Nursing is a peer reviewed journal. Nurses and other practitioners serve as peer reviewers, sharing with us their expertise in health care, research, and all aspects of nursing practice. They are essential to ensure the quality of the manuscripts we publish. We are pleased to acknowledge and thank the following individuals who reviewed manuscripts in 2014. PMID:25423400

2014-12-01

35

Editorial Peer Review for Electronic Journals: Current Issues and Emerging Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the evolution and growth of electronic journals, and describes the various emerging models of editorial peer review in an electronic environment. Studies to date have focused on attitudes toward electronic journals and citation patterns of electronic journals. Future trends and levels of acceptance of the new models are

Weller, Anne C.

2000-01-01

36

Adam P. Hitchcock Publications April 28, 2014 A. Articles in fully peer-reviewed journals  

E-print Network

Adam P. Hitchcock Publications April 28, 2014 1 A. Articles in fully peer-reviewed journals Submitted, under review · John. R. Lawrence, George D.W. Swerhone, James J. Dynes, Darren R. Korber and Adam

Hitchcock, Adam P.

37

Peer review and journal impact factor: the two pillars of contemporary medical publishing  

PubMed Central

The appraisal of scientific quality is a particularly difficult problem. Editorial boards resort to secondary criteria including crude publication counts, journal prestige, the reputation of authors and institutions, and estimated importance and relevance of the research field, making peer review a controversial rather than a rigorous process. On this background different methods for evaluating research may become required, including citation rates and journal impact factors (IF), which are thought to be more quantitative and objective indicators, directly related to published science. The aim of this review is to go into the two pillars of contemporary medical publishing, that is the peer review process and the IF. Qualified experts' reviewing the publications appears to be the only way for the evaluation of medical publication quality. To improve and standardise the principles, procedures and criteria used in peer review evaluation is of great importance. Standardizing and improving training techniques for peer reviewers, would allow for the magnification of a journal's impact factor. This may be a very important reason that impact factor and peer review need to be analyzed simultaneously. Improving a journal's IF would be difficult without improving peer-review efficiency. Peer-reviewers need to understand the fundamental principles of contemporary medical publishing, that is peer-review and impact factors. The current supplement of the Hippokratia for supporting its seminar for reviewers will help to fulfil some of these scopes. PMID:21487485

Triaridis, S; Kyrgidis, A

2010-01-01

38

How to Write a Scholarly Book Review for Publication in a Peer-Reviewed Journal  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To describe and discuss the processes used to write scholarly book reviews for publication in peer-reviewed journals and to provide a recommended strategy and book appraisal worksheet to use when conducting book reviews. Methods: A literature search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and the Index to Chiropractic Literature was conducted in June 2009 using a combination of controlled vocabulary and truncated text words to capture articles relevant to writing scholarly book reviews for publication in peer-reviewed journals. Results: The initial search identified 839 citations. Following the removal of duplicates and the application of selection criteria, a total of 78 articles were included in this review including narrative commentaries (n=26), editorials or journal announcements (n=25), original research (n=18), and journal correspondence pieces (n=9). Discussion: Recommendations for planning and writing an objective and quality book review are presented based on the evidence gleaned from the articles reviewed and from the authors' experiences. A worksheet for conducting a book review is provided. Conclusions: The scholarly book review serves many purposes and has the potential to be an influential literary form. The process of publishing a successful scholarly book review requires the reviewer to appreciate the book review publication process and to be aware of the skills and strategies involved in writing a successful review. PMID:20480015

Lee, Alexander D.; Green, Bart N.; Johnson, Claire D.; Nyquist, Julie

2010-01-01

39

List of Publications -Barbara Wohlfarth Peer-reviewed articles in international journals  

E-print Network

______________________________________________________________________________ Peer-reviewed articles in international journals 1. Wohlfarth, B., Klubseang, W., Inthongkaew, S. Quaternary Science Reviews, 30, 3618-3637. 3. Brandefelt, J., Kjellström, E., Näslund, J.-O., Strandberg, G proxies. Journal of Quaternary Science. DOI: 10.1002/jqs.1438. 5. Blaauw, M. & Wohlfarth, B. (2010): Reply

Wohlfarth, Barbara

40

How to Survive Peer Review How to Survive  

E-print Network

? 3 Journal peer review 3 Peer review of conference abstracts 11 Peer review of grant proposals 11 Other types of peer review 11 3 How to be a reviewer 13 How to review journal articles 13 How to review of journal articles 23 Surviving peer review of conference abstracts 34 Surviving peer review of grant

Hall, Spencer

41

Perceptions of Ethical Problems with Scientific Journal Peer Review: An Exploratory Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the results of an anonymous survey of researchers at a government research institution concerning their\\u000a perceptions about ethical problems with journal peer review. Incompetent review was the most common ethical problem reported\\u000a by the respondents, with 61.8% (SE=3.3%) claiming to have experienced this at some point during peer review. Bias (50.5%,\\u000a SE=3.4%) was the next most common

David B. Resnik; Christina Gutierrez-Ford; Shyamal Peddada

2008-01-01

42

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-06-01

43

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-04-01

44

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-05-01

45

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-09-01

46

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-03-01

47

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-08-01

48

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-07-01

49

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-10-01

50

Are Peer Reviewers Encouraged to Use Reporting Guidelines? A Survey of 116 Health Research Journals  

PubMed Central

Background Pre-publication peer review of manuscripts should enhance the value of research publications to readers who may wish to utilize findings in clinical care or health policy-making. Much published research across all medical specialties is not useful, may be misleading, wasteful and even harmful. Reporting guidelines are tools that in addition to helping authors prepare better manuscripts may help peer reviewers in assessing them. We examined journals' instructions to peer reviewers to see if and how reviewers are encouraged to use them. Methods We surveyed websites of 116 journals from the McMaster list. Main outcomes were 1) identification of online instructions to peer reviewers and 2) presence or absence of key domains within instructions: on journal logistics, reviewer etiquette and addressing manuscript content (11 domains). Findings Only 41/116 journals (35%) provided online instructions. All 41 guided reviewers about the logistics of their review processes, 38 (93%) outlined standards of behaviour expected and 39 (95%) contained instruction about evaluating the manuscript content. There was great variation in explicit instruction for reviewers about how to evaluate manuscript content. Almost half of the online instructions 19/41 (46%) mentioned reporting guidelines usually as general statements suggesting they may be useful or asking whether authors had followed them rather than clear instructions about how to use them. All 19 named CONSORT for reporting randomized trials but there was little mention of CONSORT extensions. PRISMA, QUOROM (forerunner of PRISMA), STARD, STROBE and MOOSE were mentioned by several journals. No other reporting guideline was mentioned by more than two journals. Conclusions Although almost half of instructions mentioned reporting guidelines, their value in improving research publications is not being fully realised. Journals have a responsibility to support peer reviewers. We make several recommendations including wider reference to the EQUATOR Network online library (www.equator-network.org/). PMID:22558178

Hirst, Allison; Altman, Douglas G.

2012-01-01

51

Reviewing Manuscripts for Peer-Review Journals: A Primer for Novice and Seasoned Reviewers  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundThe importance of peer review in the furthering of science cannot be overstated. However, most doctoral students and early\\u000a career professionals receive little formal or informal training in conducting peer reviews.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a PurposeIn recognition of this deficit in peer reviewer training, the present article was developed to provide an overview of the\\u000a peer-review process at Annals of Behavioral Medicine and describe

Travis I. Lovejoy; Tracey A. Revenson; Christopher R. France

2011-01-01

52

Conflict of interest disclosure policies and practices in peer-reviewed biomedical journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: We undertook this investigation to characterize conflict of interest (COI) policies of biomedical journals with respect to\\u000a authors, peer-reviewers, and editors, and to ascertain what information about COI disclosures is publicly available.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional survey of a convenience sample of 135 editors of peer-reviewed biomedical journals that publish\\u000a original research. We chose an international selection of

Richelle J. Cooper; Malkeet Gupta; Michael S. Wilkes; Jerome R. Hoffman

2006-01-01

53

Peer Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by Laura Guertin, Pennsylvania State University Brandywine "For generations, the academic community has relied on peer review as a way of enhancing the knowledge base and encouraging serious ...

Guertin, Laura

54

12: How to peer review a manuscript  

E-print Network

in a journal, is at the heart of the controversy. In this chapter, we will focus on how to peer review" that peer reviewers should follow when submitting a review to journal editors and authors. Our target for publication in biomedical journals, or individuals who are thinking of becoming peer reviewers. Many

Hall, Spencer

55

Full-text publications in peer-reviewed journals derived from presentations at three ISSI conferences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study analyses the bibliometric characteristics of the presentations at the 5th, 8th and 10th Conferences of the International\\u000a Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics, which were subsequently published in peer-reviewed journals covered by the Science\\u000a Citation Index, Social Science Citation Index and LISA databases. 31.7% of all the papers presented at the three conferences\\u000a were published. Scientometrics was the journal

Rafael Aleixandre-Benavent; Gregorio Gonzlez-Alcaide; Alberto Miguel-Dasit; Carolina Navarro-Molina; Juan Carlos Valderrama Zurin

2009-01-01

56

The influence of the civil war in Yugoslavia on publishing in peer-reviewed journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to assess the influence of civil war during recent disintegration of the former Yugoslavia on scientific\\u000a output, as measured by changes in numbers of articles published in peer-reviewed journals. The articles published in journals\\u000a indexed in the Science Citation Index (SCI) were retrieved for the former Yugoslav republics. According to the census of 1991,

Rajko Igi?

2002-01-01

57

A comparison of conflict of interest policies at peer-reviewed journals in different scientific disciplines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientific journals can promote ethical publication practices through policies on conflicts of interest. However, the prevalence\\u000a of conflict of interest policies and the definition of conflict of interest appear to vary across scientific disciplines.\\u000a This survey of high-impact, peer-reviewed journals in 12 different scientific disciplines was conducted to assess these variations.\\u000a The survey identified published conflict of interest policies in

Jessica S. Ancker; Annette Flanagin

2007-01-01

58

An electronic peer-reviewed journal of Earth system science education resources (JESSE)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Journal of Earth System Science Education (JESSE) aims to establish through electronic peer review and publication an orderly collection of resource materials for the broadly defined geoscience and related disciplines involved in Earth system and global change education. JESSE seeks submissions which provide substantive scientific content that challenges and intellectually stimulates educators and students through inquiry across a broad

Martin Ruzek; Donald R. Johnson; Robert Ford; Michael Kalb

2000-01-01

59

Conflict of Interest and Disclosure Policies in Psychiatry and Medicine: A Comparative Study of Peer-Reviewed Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors reviewed and characterized conflict of interest (COI) and disclosure policies published in peer-reviewed psychiatric and nonpsychiatric journals. Methods: The authors examined peer-reviewed publications in the psychiatric (N=20) and nonpsychiatric (N=20) literature. Using qualitative and quantitative approaches, they

Khurana, Gauri; Henderson, Schuyler; Walter, Garry; Martin, Andres

2012-01-01

60

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-03-01

61

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-07-01

62

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-02-01

63

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-08-01

64

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-06-01

65

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-06-01

66

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-03-01

67

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-08-01

68

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-10-01

69

Knowledge Exchange records from 01/04/2013 08/07/2013 CATEGORY 2 -Peer-reviewed journal articles  

E-print Network

Knowledge Exchange records from 01/04/2013 ­ 08/07/2013 CATEGORY 2 - Peer-reviewed journal articles of juvenile core wood in Sitka spruce Parent Item: Canadian Journal of Forest Research Parent item: Vol: 43 No Council Canada, 2013 Source: Canadian Journal of Forest Research 43 (1) Reference: 1-6 . 50refs. dx

70

Peer-reviewed journal papers 1. Dinanath Sulakhe, Sandhya Balasubramanian, BingqingXie, Bo Feng, Andrew Taylor, Sheng  

E-print Network

Peer-reviewed journal papers 1. Dinanath Sulakhe, Sandhya Balasubramanian, BingqingXie, Bo Feng. Journal of Molecular Biology, 2011 Feb 4; 405(5):1295-310. 10. Rohit Singh, Daniel Park, Jinbo Xu conformational space for template-free modeling. Journal of Computational Biology, 2010 Jun; 17(6):783-98. 12

Xu, Jinbo

71

Advancing Kinesiology through Improved Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review of scholarship is essential to journal quality, evidence, knowledge advancement, and application of that knowledge in any field. This commentary summarizes recent literature on issues related to peer-review quality and current review practice in kinesiology and provides recommendations to improve peer review in kinesiology journals. We

Knudson, Duane V.; Morrow, James R., Jr.; Thomas, Jerry R.

2014-01-01

72

Language use reflects scientific methodology: A corpus-based study of peer-reviewed journal articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, philosophers of science have argued that the epistemological requirements of different scientific fields lead necessarily\\u000a to differences in scientific method. In this paper, we examine possible variation in how language is used in peer-reviewed\\u000a journal articles from various fields to see if features of such variation may help to elucidate and support claims of methodological\\u000a variation among the sciences.

Shlomo Argamon; Jeff Dodick; Paul Chase

2008-01-01

73

Fifteen Guidelines for Helping Education Faculty Get Published in Peer-reviewed Journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Getting tenure at most schools of education in the United States is usually a six- or seven-year process. Typically, junior faculty are expected to demonstrate excellent teaching, to engage in rigorous committee work, and to publish books and articles in peer-reviewed journals. Our experience in academe during the past three decades suggests that non-tenured education faculty sustain incredible stress as

Joseph Sanacore; Donna Alvermann

74

SCOAP3 where libraries, scientists and publishers meet repositories, peer-reviewed journals and Open Access  

E-print Network

The inexorable growth of both Open Access and library budgetary concerns are calling for innovation in scholarly communication. The field of High-Energy Physics has decades of tradition in cross-border collaboration and Open Access and is now proposing an innovative model for scientific publishing: SCOAP3. This article presents a synopsis of this opportunity for libraries, scientists and publishers to invent a new future at the interface of Open Access, peer-reviewed journals and repositories.

Mele, Salvatore

2009-01-01

75

A short guide to peer-reviewed, MEDLINE-indexed complementary and alternative medicine journals.  

PubMed

Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) comprises a multitude of disciplines, for example, acupuncture, ayurvedic medicine, biofeedback, herbal medicine, and homeopathic medicine. While research on CAM interventions has increased and the CAM literature has proliferated since the mid-1990s, a number of our colleagues have expressed difficulties in deciding where to publish CAM articles. In response, we created a short guide to peer-reviewed MEDLINE-indexed journals that publish CAM articles. We examined numerous English-language sources to identify titles that met our criteria, whether specific to or overlapping CAM. A few of the resources in which we found the journal titles that we included are Alternative Medicine Foundation, American Holistic Nurses Association, CINAHL/Nursing Database, Journal Citation Reports database, MEDLINE, PubMed, and Research Council for Complementary Medicine. We organized the 69 selected titles for easy use by creating 2 user-friendly tables, one listing titles in alphabetical order and one listing them in topical categories. A few examples of the topical categories are Acupuncture, CAM (general), Chinese Medicine, Herbal/Plant/Phytotherapy, Neuroscience/Psychology, Nursing/Clinical Care. Our study is the first to list general CAM journals, specialty CAM journals, and overlapping mainstream journals that are peer reviewed, in English, and indexed in MEDLINE. Our goal was to assist both authors seeking publication and mainstream journal editors who receive an overabundance of publishable articles but must recommend that authors seek publication elsewhere due to space and priority issues. Publishing in journals indexed by and included in MEDLINE (or PubMed) ensures that citations to articles will be found easily. PMID:22517352

Morgan, Sherry; Littman, Lynn; Palmer, Christina; Singh, Gurneet; LaRiccia, Patrick J

2012-01-01

76

Thanking our peer reviewers  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers As 2013 commences I would like to take a moment to reflect and recognize the peer reviewers that made the previous year possible. Listed below are those people who reviewed for Molecular Cancer last year. All are generous individuals who donated their time to assessing and improving our authors submissions. Your combined efforts have been invaluable to the editorial staff in maintaining the continued success of the journal in the Open Access forum. The editors of Molecular Cancer would like to thank all the reviewers who contributed to the journal in Volume 11 (2012) by participating in the review process - taking time out of your busy schedules and even to volunteer - without your critical insights, hard work and support for the journal we wouldnt be able to do what we do.

2013-01-01

77

Volume 1 Number 1 March 2006 Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Alexander A. Balandin, USA An international peer-reviewed journal covering all experimental  

E-print Network

peer-reviewed journal covering all experimental and theoretical aspects of nanoelectronics and engineering. Journal of Nanoelectronics and Optoelectronics (JNO) is a cross- disciplinary peer reviewed and optoelectronics Electronic submission of articles Fast reviewing Rapid times to publication No page charges Free

78

THE ART AND POLITICS OF PEER REVIEW  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer reviewed manuscripts contain a certain level of merit, as they have survived the scrutiny of reviewers who possess some expertise in the relevant area. This article discusses the purpose of reviewing manuscripts for publication in scholarly journals. Various aspects and issues of the peer review process are described, including reviewer responsibilities. Criticisms and concerns associated with the current peer

Jay W. Rojewski; Desirae M. Domenico

79

Calibrated Peer Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What is Calibrated Peer ReviewTM? Calibrated Peer ReviewTM (CPR) (more info) is a web-based writing and peer review tool free to instructors and their classes. Students write short essays on a given topic following ...

80

Should Authors Submit Previous Peer-Review Reports When Submitting Research Papers? Views of General Medical Journal Editors  

PubMed Central

Publishing research can be time consuming, as papers are often submitted and reviewed by multiple journals before final acceptance. We hypothesized that attaching previous peer-review reports to the next submission of the paper to a different journal (possibly with point-to-point responses and amendments) could decrease the workload for both reviewers and editors and could shorten the time from final draft to actual publication. We therefore performed an online survey to assess the views of the editors-in-chief of all 100 general medical journals from the citation impact factor report category internal & general medicine (ISI Web of Knowledge). Of contacted editors, 61% responded. One of 4 journals do currently receive peer-review reports on occasion. Editors recognized potential advantages but also concerns on using previous peer-review reports across 3 themes: scientific community, quality of papers, and the publication process. The use of previous peer-review reports has the potential to facilitate authors, reviewers, and editors in optimizing peer review in general medical science. PMID:23508606

Cals, Jochen W. L.; Mallen, Christian D.; Glynn, Liam G.; Kotz, Daniel

2013-01-01

81

C.PUBLICATIONS 1. Peer-reviewed journals  

E-print Network

(Q1) 3 Biology Letters 3.651 Q1 Ecology (Q1) Evolutionary Biology (Q2) 2 Plant Sciences Annals of Botany 3.388 Q1 1 Entomology Journal of Insect Physiology 2.310 Q1 Physiology (Q3) 1 Ecological exploits defensive metabolites to locate nutritious tissues. Robert C, Veyrat N, Glauser G, Marti G, Doyen

Giron, David - Institut de Recherche sur la Biologie de l'Insecte, Université François Rabelais

82

Views on the peer review system of biomedical journals: an online survey of academics from high-ranking universities  

PubMed Central

Background Peer review is the major method used by biomedical journals for making the decision of publishing an article. This cross-sectional survey assesses views concerning the review system of biomedical journals among academics globally. Methods A total of 28,009 biomedical academics from high-ranking universities listed by the 2009 Times Higher Education Quacquarelli Symonds (THE-QS) World University Rankings were contacted by email between March 2010 and August 2010. 1,340 completed an online survey which focused on their academic background, negative experiences and views on biomedical journal peer review and the results were compared among basic scientists, clinicians and clinician scientists. Results Fewer than half of the respondents agreed that the peer review systems of biomedical journals were fair (48.4%), scientific (47.5%), or transparent (25.1%). Nevertheless, 58.2% of the respondents agreed that authors should remain anonymous and 64.4% agreed that reviewers should not be disclosed. Most, (67.7%) agreed to the establishment of an appeal system. The proportion of native English-speaking respondents who agreed that the peer review system is fair was significantly higher than for non-native respondents (p?=?0.02). Similarly, the proportion of clinicians stating that the peer review system is fair was significantly higher than that for basic scientists and clinician-scientists (p?=?0.004). For females, (??=??0.1, p?=?0.03), the frequency of encountering personal attacks in reviewers comments (??=??0.1, p?=?0.002) and the frequency of imposition of unnecessary references by reviewers (??=??0.06, p?=?0.04) were independently and inversely associated with agreement that the peer review system is fair. Conclusion Academics are divided on the issue of whether the biomedical journal peer review system is fair, scientific and transparent. A majority of academics agreed with the double-blind peer review and to the establishment of an appeal system. Female academics, experience of personal attacks and imposition of unnecessary references by reviewers were related to disagreement about fairness of the peer review system of biomedical journals. PMID:23758823

2013-01-01

83

Preparing raw clinical data for publication: guidance for journal editors, authors, and peer reviewers  

PubMed Central

In recognition of the benefits of transparent reporting, many peer-reviewed journals require that their authors be prepared to share their raw, unprocessed data with other scientists and/or state the availability of raw data in published articles. But little information on how data should be prepared for publication - or sharing - has emerged. In clinical research patient privacy and consent for use of personal health information are key considerations, but agreed-upon definitions of what constitutes anonymised patient information do not appear to have been established. We aim to address this issue by providing practical guidance for those involved in the publication process, by proposing a minimum standard for de-identifying datasets for the purposes of publication in a peer-reviewed biomedical journal, or sharing with other researchers. Basic advice on file preparation is provided along with procedural guidance on prospective and retrospective publication of raw data, with an emphasis on randomised controlled trials. In order to encourage its wide dissemination this article is freely accessible on the BMJ and Trials journal web sites. PMID:20113465

2010-01-01

84

Learning effects of thematic peer-review: a qualitative analysis of reflective journals on spiritual care.  

PubMed

This study describes the learning effects of thematic peer-review discussion groups (Hendriksen, 2000. Begeleid intervisie model, Collegiale advisering en probleemoplossing, Nelissen, Baarn.) on developing nursing students' competence in providing spiritual care. It also discusses the factors that might influence the learning process. The method of peer-review is a form of reflective learning based on the theory of experiential learning (Kolb, 1984. Experiential learning, Experience as the source of learning development. Englewoods Cliffs, New Jersey, Prentice Hill). It was part of an educational programme on spiritual care in nursing for third-year undergraduate nursing students from two nursing schools in the Netherlands. Reflective journals (n=203) kept by students throughout the peer-review process were analysed qualitatively The analysis shows that students reflect on spirituality in the context of personal experiences in nursing practice. In addition, they discuss the nursing process and organizational aspects of spiritual care. The results show that the first two phases in the experiential learning cycle appear prominently; these are 'inclusion of actual experience' and 'reflecting on this experience'. The phases of 'abstraction of experience' and 'experimenting with new behaviour' are less evident. We will discuss possible explanations for these findings according to factors related to education, the students and the tutors and make recommendations for follow-up research. PMID:19027200

van Leeuwen, Ren; Tiesinga, Lucas J; Jochemsen, Henk; Post, Doeke

2009-05-01

85

Peer Review of Chemistry Journal Articles: Collaboration across Disciplines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey was conducted among second-year students in organic chemistry (OC) lab and first-year students in English composition (EC) to determine whether an interdisciplinary exchange and review of articles would improve students' understanding of the process of scientific research and of writing within the field of chemistry. The primary

Widanski, Bozena Barbara; Courtright-Nash, Debra

2006-01-01

86

Publication Rates of Public Health Theses in International and National Peer-Review Journals in Turkey  

PubMed Central

Background: Thesis is an important part of specialisation and doctorate education and requires intense work. The aim of this study was to investigate the publication rates of Turkish Public Health Doctorate Theses (PHDT) and Public Health Specialization (PHST) theses in international and Turkish national peer-review journals and to analyze the distribution of research areas. Methods: List of all theses upto 30 September 2009 were retrieved from theses database of the Council of Higher Education of the Republic of Turkey. The publication rates of these theses were found by searching PubMed, Science Citation Index-Expanded, Turkish Academic Network and Information Center (ULAKBIM) Turkish Medical Database, and Turkish Medline databases for the names of thesis author and mentor. The theses which were published in journals indexed either in PubMed or SCI-E were considered as international publications. Results: Our search yielded a total of 538 theses (243 PHDT, 295 PHST). It was found that the overall publication rate in Turkish national journals was 18%. The overall publication rate in international journals was 11.9%. Overall the most common research area was occupational health. Conclusion: Publication rates of Turkish PHDT and PHST are low. A better understanding of factors affecting this publication rate is important for public health issues where national data is vital for better intervention programs and develop better public health policies. PMID:23193503

Sipahi, H; Durusoy, R; Ergin, I; Hassoy, H; Davas, A; Karababa, AO

2012-01-01

87

Some Thoughts On Peer Review In The Global Internet Context Narayanan Komerath  

E-print Network

refinements. Keywords: Peer Review; Electronic journals I. Introduction As the title indicates, this paper, despite their appearance in traditional peer-reviewed journals. Typing the words "peer review a useful working description of peer-reviewed journals, including the purpose of peer review

88

Content Analysis of Oncology-Related Pharmaceutical Advertising in a Peer-Reviewed Medical Journal  

PubMed Central

Background The oncology market represents one of the largest pharmaceutical markets in any medical field, and printed advertising in medical journals is an important channel by which pharmaceutical companies communicate with healthcare professionals. The aim of the present study was to analyze the volume and content of and trends and changes in oncology-related advertising intended for healthcare professionals in a peer-reviewed medical journal. Information that could be included in advertisements to promote drug development and improve treatment strategies for cancer patients is discussed on the basis of the results of the analysis. Methods/Principal Findings Overall, 6,720 advertisements covering 13,039 pages in a leading oncology medical journal published (by the American Society of Clinical Oncology) between January 2005 and December 2009 were analyzed. The advertisements targeting pharmaceuticals and clinical trials, in particular, were reviewed. A total of 6,720 advertisements covering 13,039 pages were included in the analysis. For the years 20052009, the percentages of total journal pages dedicated to advertising were 24.0%, 45.7%, 49.8%, 46.8%, and 49.8%, respectively. Package insert information and efficacy and safety explanations appeared in more than 80% of advertisements intended for pharmaceutical promotion. From 2005 to 2009, the overall quantity of drug advertisements decreased by approximately 13%, whereas advertisements calling for the enrollment of patients into registration trials increased by approximately 11%. Conclusion/Significance Throughout the study period, oncology-related pharmaceutical advertisements occupied a considerable number of pages relative to other journal content. The proportion of advertisements on ongoing clinical trials increased progressively throughout the study period. PMID:22952970

Yonemori, Kan; Hirakawa, Akihiro; Ando, Masashi; Hirata, Taizo; Yunokawa, Mayu; Shimizu, Chikako; Tamura, Kenji; Fujiwara, Yasuhiro

2012-01-01

89

Student Peer Review Decisions on Submitted Manuscripts Are as Stringent as Faculty Peer Reviewers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "International Journal of Exercise Science" is the only student-centered peer-reviewed journal in its field. Upon graduate student first author submissions, two student reviewers and one faculty reviewer are asked to review. On professionally submitted papers, two faculty peers are asked to assess the manuscript. The purpose of the present

Navalta, James W.; Lyons, T. Scott

2010-01-01

90

The "Peer" in "Peer Review"  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Peer review is the best available mechanism for assessing and improving the quality of scientific work. As herpetology broadens its disciplinary and geographic boundaries, high-quality external review is ever more essential. We are writing this editorial jointly because the review process has become increasingly difficult. The resulting delays slow publication times, negatively affect performance reviews, tenure, promotions, and grant proposal success. It harms authors, agencies, and institutions (Ware 2011).

Perry, Gad; Bertoluci, Jaime; Bury, Bruce; Hansen, Robert W.; Jehle, Robert; Measey, John; Moon, Brad R.; Muths, Erin; Zuffi, Marco A. L.

2011-01-01

91

PEER REVIEW PROGRAM  

SciTech Connect

The Institute for Regulatory Science (RS) and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) jointly estab lished a peer-review program. As the program evolved, four types of review were established. A process for stakeholder participation in peer review eetings was also developed. While a committee established by the ASME provided oversight to the peer-review process, the RSI managed the day-to-day operations of peer review panels. In addition to the reports resulting from peer review of specific projects, several documents were prepared to facilitate the review process, all of which were widely distributed.

MOGHISSI, A ALAN; LOVE, BETTY R; STRAJA, SORIN R

2007-09-29

92

Emerging Infectious Diseases: A Peer-Reviewed Journal Tracking and Analyzing Disease Trends  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US National Center for Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control, offers the full text of its quarterly, peer reviewed journal Emerging Infectious Diseases at its web site. The issues are divided into three categories: Perspectives, dealing with the underlying causes of infectious disease emergence; Synopses, summaries of specific diseases; and Dispatches, "brief laboratory or epidemiologic reports with an international scope." The October-December 1996 issue contains articles on protecting against dangerous emerging pathogens, "Molecular Mechanisms of Bacterial Virulence," and Creutzfeldt-Jacob Disease in the US, among others. Issues are available in HTML, ASCII, .pdf, and PostScript format. A limited number of issues are available in Spanish, French and Chinese.

1995-01-01

93

Evaluative Language in Peer Review Referee Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most international journals and conferences currently use the peer review system to ensure the quality of their contributions. Among the various types of peer review, the "blind" and the "anonymous" review seem to be the most common. Reviewers, or referees, usually write reports anonymously to indicate to authors what they should change in their

Fortanet, Inmaculada

2008-01-01

94

Knowledge Exchange records from 01/04/2013 31/03/2014 CATEGORY 2 -Peer-reviewed journal articles (38 records)  

E-print Network

Knowledge Exchange records from 01/04/2013 ­ 31/03/2014 CATEGORY 2 - Peer-reviewed journal articles growth of juvenile core wood in Sitka spruce Parent Item: Canadian Journal of Forest Research Author Source: Canadian Journal of Forest Research 43 (1) Reference: 1-6 . 50refs. dx.doi.org/10.1139/cjfr-2012

95

Knowledge Exchange records from 01/04/2013 20/01/2014 CATEGORY 2 -Peer-reviewed journal articles (31 records)  

E-print Network

Knowledge Exchange records from 01/04/2013 ­ 20/01/2014 CATEGORY 2 - Peer-reviewed journal articles growth of juvenile core wood in Sitka spruce Parent Item: Canadian Journal of Forest Research Author Source: Canadian Journal of Forest Research 43 (1) Reference: 1-6. 50 refs. dx.doi.org/10.1139/cjfr-2012

96

Systematic review of the effectiveness of training programs in writing for scholarly publication, journal editing, and manuscript peer review (protocol)  

PubMed Central

Background An estimated $100 billion is lost to waste in biomedical research globally, annually, much of which comes from the poor quality of published research. One area of waste involves bias in reporting research, which compromises the usability of published reports. In response, there has been an upsurge in interest and research in the scientific process of writing, editing, peer reviewing, and publishing (that is, journalology) of biomedical research. One reason for bias in reporting and the problem of unusable reports could be due to authors lacking knowledge or engaging in questionable practices while designing, conducting, or reporting their research. Another might be that the peer review process for journal publication has serious flaws, including possibly being ineffective, and having poorly trained and poorly motivated reviewers. Similarly, many journal editors have limited knowledge related to publication ethics. This can ultimately have a negative impact on the healthcare system. There have been repeated calls for better, more numerous training opportunities in writing for publication, peer review, and publishing. However, little research has taken stock of journalology training opportunities or evaluations of their effectiveness. Methods We will conduct a systematic review to synthesize studies that evaluate the effectiveness of training programs in journalology. A comprehensive three-phase search approach will be employed to identify evaluations of training opportunities, involving: 1) forward-searching using the Scopus citation database, 2) a search of the MEDLINE In-Process and Non-Indexed Citations, MEDLINE, Embase, ERIC, and PsycINFO databases, as well as the databases of the Cochrane Library, and 3) a grey literature search. Discussion This project aims to provide evidence to help guide the journalological training of authors, peer reviewers, and editors. While there is ample evidence that many members of these groups are not getting the necessary training needed to excel at their respective journalology-related tasks, little is known about the characteristics of existing training opportunities, including their effectiveness. The proposed systematic review will provide evidence regarding the effectiveness of training, therefore giving potential trainees, course designers, and decision-makers evidence to help inform their choices and policies regarding the merits of specific training opportunities or types of training. PMID:23773340

2013-01-01

97

NASA Product Peer Review Process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation describes NASA's product peer review process. The contents include: 1) Inspection/Peer Review at NASA; 2) Reasons for product peer reviews; 3) Different types of peer reviews; and 4) NASA requirements for peer reviews. This presentation also includes a demonstration of an actual product peer review.

Jenks, Ken

2009-01-01

98

Submission of scientifically sound and ethical manuscripts to peer-reviewed journals - a reviewer's personal perspective on bioanalytical publications.  

PubMed

In the pharmaceutical industry, bioanalysis is very dynamic and is probably one of the few fields of research covering the entire drug discovery, development and post-marketing process. Important decisions on drug safety can partially rely on bioanalytical data, which therefore can be subject to regulatory scrutiny. Bioanalytical scientists have historically contributed significant numbers of scientific manuscripts in many peer-reviewed analytical journals. All of these journals provide some high-level instructions, but they also leave sufficient flexibility for reviewers to perform independent critique and offer recommendations for each submitted manuscript. Reviewers play a pivotal role in the process of bioanalytical publication to ensure the publication of high-quality manuscripts in a timely fashion. Their efforts usually lead to improved manuscripts. However, it has to be a joint effort among authors, reviewers and editors to promote scientifically sound and ethically fair bioanalytical publications. Most of the submitted manuscripts were well written with only minor or moderate revisions required for further improvement. Nevertheless, there were small numbers of submitted manuscripts that did not meet the requirements for publications because of scientific or ethical deficiencies, which are discussed in this Letter to the Editor. PMID:22987619

Weng, Naidong

2012-11-01

99

Peer review to ensure quality in forensic mental health publication.  

PubMed

Peer reviewers have been called the gatekeepers of science. For journal publications in forensic psychiatry, as well as other disciplines, the purposes of peer review are to assist in the selection of manuscripts to publish, improve the quality of manuscripts before their publication, and promote the fairness of the process. In this article, we examine, in particular, characteristics of high-quality peer reviewers, selection of peer reviewers, recruitment and retention of peer reviewers, desired quality of peer-reviewer ratings, and the value of peer review. We conclude with specific, albeit largely untested, recommendations for improvements in peer review of forensic mental health publications. PMID:25187283

Felthous, Alan R; Wettstein, Robert M

2014-01-01

100

Fake Peer Reviews, the Latest Form of Scientific Fraud, Fool Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on how some scientists impersonate outside reviewers for journals and give high marks to their own manuscripts. Scientists appear to have figured out a new way to avoid any bad prepublication reviews that dissuade journals from publishing their articles: Write positive reviews themselves, under other people's names. In

Fischman, Josh

2012-01-01

101

Are Abstracts Presented at the EAU Meeting Followed by Publication in Peer-Reviewed Journals?  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeOur goal was to assess the rate and time-course of peer-reviewed publication of abstracts presented at the European Association of Urology (EAU) Annual Meeting and to identify factors predictive of publication.

Riccardo Autorino; Giuseppe Quarto; Giuseppe Di Lorenzo; Marco De Sio; Rocco Damiano

2007-01-01

102

Human-Wildlife Interactions HumanWildlife Interactions (ISSN 2155-3858) is a peer-reviewed journal published two times a year by the  

E-print Network

Human-Wildlife Interactions Human­Wildlife Interactions (ISSN 2155-3858) is a peer-reviewed journal is available at www.BerrymanInstitute. org. Prior to 2010, the journal was named Human­Wildlife Conflicts. ©2012 Jack H. Berryman Institute. Material appearing in Human­Wildlife Interactions may

103

Impartial Judgment by the Gatekeepers of Science: Fallibility and Accountability in the Peer Review Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

High publication demands and the low acceptance rate of peer review journals place the journal editors and their reviewers in a powerful position. Journal reviewers have a vital role not only in influencing the journal editor's publication decisions, but also in the very nature and direction of scientific research. Because of their influence in peer review outcomes, journal reviewers are

Mohammadreza Hojat; Joseph S. Gonnella; Addeane S. Caelleigh

2003-01-01

104

Peer Review for Residents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) currently requires experiences in administration for psychiatry residents. In response to this challenge, the authors created a peer review workshop. Methods: The authors report on the design, implementation, and outcome of the peer review workshop for PGY-3 and PGY-4

Patel, Malini; Hardy, Daniel W.; Chand, Ravi

2005-01-01

105

Training for Peer Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learning the peer-review process by trial and error may not be the most effective way to train the next generation of scientists in how to be effective reviewers. Here are some suggestions from an editor's perspective.

Nancy R. Gough (American Association for the Advancement of Science;Science Signaling REV)

2009-08-25

106

A Systematic Appraisal of Peer Review Guidelines for Special Education Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evidence-based practice movement in special education has emphasized the use of the scientific process to assist with the identification of effective academic and behavioral strategies. An important but often overlooked aspect of this system is the peer review process in which manuscripts submitted for publication are reviewed by experts to

Maggin, Daniel M.; Chafouleas, Sandra M.; Berggren, Melissa; Sugai, George

2013-01-01

107

Licensing the future: report on BioMed Central's public consultation on open data in peer-reviewed journals  

PubMed Central

We report the outcomes of BioMed Centrals public consultation on implementing open data-compliant licensing in peer-reviewed open access journals. Respondents (42) to the 2012 consultation were six to one in favor (29 in support; 5 against; 8 abstentions) of changing our authors default open access copyright license agreement, to introduce the Creative Commons CC0 public domain waiver for data published in BioMed Centrals journals. We summarize the different questions we received in response to the consultation and our responses to them matters such as citation, plagiarism, patient privacy, and commercial use were raised. In light of the support for open data in our journals we outline our plans to implement, in September 2013, a combined Creative Commons Attribution license for published articles (papers) and Creative Commons CC0 waiver for published data. PMID:23962139

2013-01-01

108

Peer review: can it really work? Daniel Liberzon  

E-print Network

to the peer review in journals and conferences, things get more fuzzy. It is expected that the editorPeer review: can it really work? Daniel Liberzon We all want our research papers to be published was not good enough to be published, we usually attribute the trouble to imperfections of the peer review

Ma, Yi

109

Statistical reviewing for medical journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY This paper reviews the diculties associated with being a statistical reviewer for a medical journal. As background, I consider first the use of statistical reviewers by medical journals, medical journals' policies on statistical peer review, and the limited evidence of its e?ectiveness. The assessment of a manuscript is considered under the headings of design, methods of analysis, presentation and

Douglas G. Altman

1998-01-01

110

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the editors of the 26th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems proceedings. Reviews were conducted by expert referees from the International Technical Committee to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing. The members of the Scientific Committee who selected and reviewed the papers included in the Proceedings of the 26th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems are: Yulin WU Tsinghua University China Franois AVELLAN EPFL-LMH Switzerland (principal) Xingqi LUO Xi'an University of Sci & Tech China Martin BHLE Kaiserslautern University Germany Gerard BOIS Arts et Mtiers ParisTech France Luca D'AGOSTINO University of Pisa Italy Eduard EGUSQUIZA Polytechnical University Catalonia Spain Richard FISHER Voith Hydro Inc USA Regiane FORTES-PATELLA Institute Polytechnique de Grenoble France Aleksandar GAJIC University of Belgrade Serbia Wei YANG China Agriculture University China YinLu YOUNG University of Michigan USA Adrian LUNGU Dunarea de Jos University of Galati Romania Arpad FAY University of Miskolcz Hungary Jos GONZLEZ Universidad de Oviedo Spain Baoshan ZHU Tsinghua University China Hongxun CHEN Shanghai University China Chisachi KATO University of Tokyo Japan Zhenyue MA Dalian University of Sci & Tech China Honggang FAN Tsinghua University China Franois GUIBAULT Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal Canada Pengcheng GUO Xian University of Technology China Leqing WANG Zhejiang University China Toshiaki IKOHAGI Tohoku University Japan Jiandong YANG Wuhan University China Jianzhong ZHOU Huazhong University of Sci & Tech China Jinwei LI NULL China Rennian LI Lanzhou University of Sci & Tech China Houlin LIU NULL China Juan LIU Tsinghua University China Shuhong LIU Tsinghua University China Xianwu LUO Tsinghua University China Michihiro NISHI Tsinghua University China Peter PELZ Darmstadt University Germany Frantiek POCHYLY Brno University Czech Republic Rudolf SCHILLING Technische Universitt Mnchen Germany Minguan YANG Jiangsu University China Smaine KOUIDRI Universit Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris 6) France Kazuhiro TANAKA Kyushu Institute of Technology Japan Xuelin TANG Tsinghua University China Yoshinobu TSUJIMOTO Osaka University Japan Fujun WANG China Agriculture University China Guoyu WANG Beijing University of Sci & Tech China Wenwu SONG NULL China Zhengwei WANG Tsinghua University China Hongyuan XU Tsinghua University China Lefu XIAO NULL China Fan YANG Tsinghua University China Yuan ZHENG Hehai University China Zhigang ZUO Tsinghua University China Hongwu ZHU China Petroleum University China Lixiang ZHANG Yunnan University of Sci & Tech China Shengchang ZHANG Zhejiang University of Tech China

2012-11-01

111

IJPSS Volume 3, Issue 11 ISSN: 2249-5894 A Monthly Double-Blind Peer Reviewed Refereed Open Access International e-Journal -Included in the International Serial Directories  

E-print Network

-5894 __________________________________________________________ A Monthly Double-Blind Peer Reviewed Refereed Open Access International e-Journal - Included Reviewed Refereed Open Access International e-Journal - Included in the International Serial Directories-Gage, India as well as in Cabell's Directories of Publishing Opportunities, U.S.A. International Journal

Kumar, C.P.

112

Editors Note: Peer Reviewing the Peer Review Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

To meet the highest standards of scholarship, liberatory editorial practices need to transition from static peer reviewed to dynamic peer reviewing models that de-couple publication from defective pre-publication peer review requirements, and engage in alternative peer review practices that remain open to all those wishing to review a manuscript at any time in the post-publication phaseencouraging expanded and deepening exchanges

Mohammad H. Tamdgidi

2005-01-01

113

Authorship problems in scholarly journals: considerations for authors, peer reviewers and editors.  

PubMed

Authorship problems in scholarly journals shake the foundations of research, diminish scientific quality of papers and devalue records of citation tracking services. The 'Publish or Perish' mantra is thought to drive some instances of unfair, honorary authorship, particularly in countries of emerging scientific power. Though causes of honorary, gift, guest and ghost authorship are still ill-defined, it is possible to avoid some of these instances by improving awareness of what constitutes authorship and by adhering to the editorial policies of learned associations. This paper overviews common cases of inappropriate authorship and suggests options to solve related problems by authors, reviewers and editors of scholarly journals. PMID:23124697

Gasparyan, Armen Yuri; Ayvazyan, Lilit; Kitas, George D

2013-02-01

114

An analysis of abstracts presented to the College on Problems of Drug Dependence meeting and subsequent publication in peer review journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Subsequent publication rate of abstracts presented at meetings is seen as an indicator of the interest and quality of the meeting. We have analyzed characteristics and rate publication in peer-reviewed journals derived from oral communications and posters presented at the 1999 College on Problems of Drug Dependence (CPDD) meeting. METHODS: All 689 abstracts presented at the 1999 CPDD meeting

Juan Carlos Valderrama-Zurin; Mxima Bolaos-Pizarro; Francisco Jess Bueno-Caigral; F Javier lvarez; Jos Antonio Ontalba-Ruiprez; Rafael Aleixandre-Benavent

2009-01-01

115

MELCOR Peer Review  

SciTech Connect

MELCOR is a fully integrated, engineering-level computer code that models the progression of severe accidents in light water reactor nuclear power plants. The newest version of MELCOR is Version 1.8.1, July 1991. MELCOR development has reached the point that the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission sponsored a broad technical review by recognized experts to determine or confirm the technical adequacy of the code for the serious and complex analyses it is expected to perform. For this purpose, an eight-member MELCOR Peer Review Committee was organized. The Committee has completed its review of the MELCOR code: the review process and findings of the MELCOR Peer Review Committee are documented in this report. The Committee has determined that recommendations in five areas are appropriate: (1) MELCOR numerics, (2) models missing from MELCOR Version 1.8.1, (3) existing MELCOR models needing revision, (4) the need for expanded MELCOR assessment, and (5) documentation.

Boyack, B.E. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Dhir, V.K. [Santa Monica, CA. (United States); Gieseke, J.A. [Battelle, Columbus, OH (United States); Haste, T.J. [AEA Technology, Winfrith (United Kingdom); Kenton, M.A. [Gabor, Kenton and Associates, Inc., Westmont, IL (United States); Khatib-Rahbar, M. [Energy Research, Inc., Rockville, MD (United States); Leonard, M.T. [Science Applications International Corp., Wolfheze (Netherlands); Viskanta, R. [Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN (United States). Heat Transfer Lab.

1992-03-01

116

Approaching Authentic Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some scholars writing about improving students' reading and integrating reading and writing instruction suggest using think-aloud techniques to teach students reading comprehension skills. Using think-alouds to teach reading comprehension and then the read-aloud protocol technique (which is based on think-alouds) for peer review has two major

Graff, Nelson

2009-01-01

117

Methodologies of Peer and Editorial Review: Changing Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors--drawing on their varied experiences as authors and publishers of a journal and several book series--provide a historical review and consideration of peer review in publishing. They find that scholarly peer review, from the question of signed reviews to the practices of digital publications, is in the midst of change, but that at the

Selfe, Cynthia; Hawisher, Gail

2012-01-01

118

Do peer-reviewed journal papers result from meeting abstracts of the Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer-reviewed publication is at the core of scientific communication. However, with the exception of biomedicine, there has\\u000a been little analysis of the rate of peer-reviewed publication resulting from conference abstracts. This study examined a random\\u000a sample of abstracts from the 1989 and 1991 Biennial Conferences on the Biology of Marine Mammals to determine how many were\\u000a published as peer-reviewed papers.

James E Bird; Mary D Bird

1999-01-01

119

What's with all this peer-review stuff anyway?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Journal of Physical Security was ostensibly started to deal with a perceived lack of peer-reviewed journals related to the field of physical security. In fact, concerns have been expressed that the field of physical security is scarcely a field at all. A typical, well-developed field might include the following: multiple peer-reviewed journals devoted to the subject, rigor and critical

2010-01-01

120

The Ecological Society of America www.frontiersinecology.org Articles published in peer-reviewed journals are the  

E-print Network

-Veillon 1999). Although several journals (eg The Lancet, Journal of the American Medical Association-reviewed journals are the medium by which scientists present their findings to the scholarly community. The quality journals have only vague or non-existent guidelines (Rennie et al. 2000). In the absence of standardized

Hall, Spencer

121

This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in American Journal of Epidemiology following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Vercambre et al. Am. J.  

E-print Network

Journal of Epidemiology following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Vercambre et, compared with never users, had significantly higher intakes of alcohol, 3 fatty acids, vitamins B6, B12

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

122

The Ethics of Peer Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the need for a self-audit of the academic profession's ethics and peer culture, including clarifying the responsibilities of the profession and articulating the first principles of peer review. (EV)

Hamilton, Neil W.

2003-01-01

123

Cooperation between referees and authors increases peer review Jeffrey T. Leek1  

E-print Network

in journals, awarding of grants, and academic promotion. Anonymous peer review plays a major role in decisions of peer review is increasingly under scrutiny [1­4], and some journals have considered or already moved1 Cooperation between referees and authors increases peer review accuracy Jeffrey T. Leek1

Leek, Jeffrey

124

CONTAIN independent peer review  

SciTech Connect

The CONTAIN code was developed by Sandia National Laboratories under the sponsorship of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to provide integrated analyses of containment phenomena. It is used to predict nuclear reactor containment loads, radiological source terms, and associated physical phenomena for a range of accident conditions encompassing both design-basis and severe accidents. The code`s targeted applications include support for containment-related experimental programs, light water and advanced light water reactor plant analysis, and analytical support for resolution of specific technical issues such as direct containment heating. The NRC decided that a broad technical review of the code should be performed by technical experts to determine its overall technical adequacy. For this purpose, a six-member CONTAIN Peer Review Committee was organized and a peer review as conducted. While the review was in progress, the NRC issued a draft ``Revised Severe Accident Code Strategy`` that incorporated revised design objectives and targeted applications for the CONTAIN code. The committee continued its effort to develop findings relative to the original NRC statement of design objectives and targeted applications. However, the revised CONTAIN design objectives and targeted applications. However, the revised CONTAIN design objectives and targeted applications were considered by the Committee in assigning priorities to the Committee`s recommendations. The Committee determined some improvements are warranted and provided recommendations in five code-related areas: (1) documentation, (2) user guidance, (3) modeling capability, (4) code assessment, and (5) technical assessment.

Boyack, B.E. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Corradini, M.L. [Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Nuclear Engineering Dept.; Denning, R.S. [Battelle Memorial Inst., Columbus, OH (United States); Khatib-Rahbar, M. [Energy Research Inc., Rockville, MD (United States); Loyalka, S.K. [Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States); Smith, P.N. [AEA Technology, Dorchester (United Kingdom). Winfrith Technology Center

1995-01-01

125

What's with all this peer-review stuff anyway?  

SciTech Connect

The Journal of Physical Security was ostensibly started to deal with a perceived lack of peer-reviewed journals related to the field of physical security. In fact, concerns have been expressed that the field of physical security is scarcely a field at all. A typical, well-developed field might include the following: multiple peer-reviewed journals devoted to the subject, rigor and critical thinking, metrics, fundamental principles, models and theories, effective standards and guidelines, R and D conferences, professional societies, certifications, its own academic department (or at least numerous academic experts), widespread granting of degrees in the field from 4-year research universities, mechanisms for easily spotting 'snake oil' products and services, and the practice of professionals organizing to police themselves, provide quality control, and determine best practices. Physical Security seems to come up short in a number of these areas. Many of these attributes are difficult to quantify. This paper seeks to focus on one area that is quantifiable: the number of peer-reviewed journals dedicated to the field of Physical Security. In addition, I want to examine the number of overall periodicals (peer-reviewed and non-peer-reviewed) dedicated to physical security, as well as the number of papers published each year about physical security. These are potentially useful analyses because one can often infer how healthy or active a given field is by its publishing activity. For example, there are 2,754 periodicals dedicated to the (very healthy and active) field of physics. This paper concentrates on trade journal versus peer-reviewed journals. Trade journals typically focus on practice-related topics. A paper appropriate for a trade journal is usually based more on practical experience than rigorous studies or research. Models, theories, or rigorous experimental research results will usually not be included. A trade journal typically targets a specific market in an industry or trade. Such journals are often considered to be news magazines and may contain industry specific advertisements and/or job ads. A peer-reviewed journal, a.k.a 'referred journal', in contrast, contains peer-reviewed papers. A peer-reviewed paper is one that has been vetted by the peer review process. In this process, the paper is typically sent to independent experts for review and consideration. A peer-reviewed paper might cover experimental results, and/or a rigorous study, analyses, research efforts, theory, models, or one of many other scholarly endeavors.

Warner, J. S. (Nuclear Engineering Division)

2010-01-01

126

www.nature.com/natureimmunology april 2003 volume 4 no 4 nature immunology The peer-review process for scientific publication has  

E-print Network

, but journal editors do not expect peer review to ferret out cleverly concealed, deliberate deceptions. A peer. It is the responsibility of journals to administer an effective review system. Peer review, as currently prac- ticed conclusions or clumsy frauds. That poor science sometimes gets published in peer- reviewed journals

Cai, Long

127

ForPeerReview PUBLIC ACCEPTANCE OF OFFSHORE WIND POWER  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview PUBLIC ACCEPTANCE OF OFFSHORE WIND POWER PROJECTS IN THE UNITED STATES Journal: Wind, Andrew; Minerals Management Service Keywords: offshore wind power, public opinion, social acceptancePeerReview 1 PUBLIC ACCEPTANCE OF OFFSHORE WIND POWER PROJECTS IN THE UNITED STATES Jeremy Firestone*, Willett

Firestone, Jeremy

128

Thinking Collaboratively about the Peer-Review Process for Journal-Article Publication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this conversation, Kevin K. Kumashiro shares his reflections on challenges to publishing anti-oppressive research in educational journals. He then invites eight current and former editors of leading educational research journals--William F. Pinar, Elizabeth Graue, Carl A. Grant, Maenette K. P. Benham, Ronald H. Heck, James Joseph Scheurich,

Kumashiro, Kevin K.

2005-01-01

129

Should Biomedical Publishing Be Opened Up? Toward a Values-Based Peer-Review Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review of manuscripts for biomedical journals has become a subject of intense ethical debate. One of the most contentious\\u000a issues is whether or not peer review should be anonymous. This study aimed to generate a rich, empirically-grounded understanding\\u000a of the values held by journal editors and peer reviewers with a view to informing journal policy. Qualitative methods were\\u000a used

Wendy Lipworth; Ian H. Kerridge; Stacy M. Carter; Miles Little

130

Popular Science Journalism: Facilitating Learning through Peer Review and Communication of Science News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a multisemester Popular Science Journalism course that met for 2 hours once a week at Clemson University, students produced science news articles for the university newspaper by using primary literature, the internet, and interviews with researchers. Short lectures were given on topic choice, story development, literature surveys, common

Tuten, Holly; Temesvari, Lesly

2013-01-01

131

From Dissertation to Publication: Converting Doctoral Research into a Peer-Reviewed Journal Article  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The Journal of Applied Research in the Community College" (JARCC) actively seeks scholarly submissions on community colleges that originate from doctoral dissertations. Understanding the scope and complexity of community and junior colleges nationally requires multiple vantage points. Newly minted doctorates and doctoral candidates can provide a

Rodriquez-Kiino, Diane

2012-01-01

132

An analysis of abstracts presented to the College on Problems of Drug Dependence meeting and subsequent publication in peer review journals  

PubMed Central

Background Subsequent publication rate of abstracts presented at meetings is seen as an indicator of the interest and quality of the meeting. We have analyzed characteristics and rate publication in peer-reviewed journals derived from oral communications and posters presented at the 1999 College on Problems of Drug Dependence (CPDD) meeting. Methods All 689 abstracts presented at the 1999 CPDD meeting were reviewed. In order to find the existence of publications derived from abstracts presented at that meeting, a set of bibliographical searches in the database Medline was developed in July 2006. Information was gathered concerning the abstracts, articles and journals in which they were published. Results 254 out of 689 abstracts (36.9%) gave rise to at least one publication. The oral communications had a greater likelihood of being published than did the posters (OR = 2.53, 95% CI 1.80-3.55). The average time lapse to publication of an article was 672.97 days. The number of authors per work in the subsequent publications was 4.55. The articles were published in a total of 84 journals, of which eight were indexed with the subject term Substance-Related Disorders. Psychopharmacology (37 articles, 14.5%) was the journal that published the greatest number of articles subsequent to the abstracts presented at the 1999 CPDD meeting. Conclusion One out of every three abstracts presented to the 1999 CPDD meeting were later published in peer-reviewed journals indexed in Medline. The subsequent publication of the abstracts presented in the CPDD meetings should be actively encouraged, as this maximizes the dissemination of the scientific research and therefore the investment. PMID:19889211

Valderrama-Zurian, Juan Carlos; Bolanos-Pizarro, Maxima; Bueno-Canigral, Francisco Jesus; Alvarez, F Javier; Ontalba-Ruiperez, Jose Antonio; Aleixandre-Benavent, Rafael

2009-01-01

133

Cooperation between Referees and Authors Increases Peer Review Accuracy  

PubMed Central

Peer review is fundamentally a cooperative process between scientists in a community who agree to review each other's work in an unbiased fashion. Peer review is the foundation for decisions concerning publication in journals, awarding of grants, and academic promotion. Here we perform a laboratory study of open and closed peer review based on an online game. We show that when reviewer behavior was made public under open review, reviewers were rewarded for refereeing and formed significantly more cooperative interactions (13% increase in cooperation, P?=?0.018). We also show that referees and authors who participated in cooperative interactions had an 11% higher reviewing accuracy rate (P?=?0.016). Our results suggest that increasing cooperation in the peer review process can lead to a decreased risk of reviewing errors. PMID:22096506

Leek, Jeffrey T.; Taub, Margaret A.; Pineda, Fernando J.

2011-01-01

134

Open, single-blind, double-blind: which peer review process do you prefer?  

PubMed

BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology was created from the merger of two journals within the BMC series published by BioMed Central: BMC Pharmacology and BMC Clinical Pharmacology. BMC Pharmacology operated anonymous peer review whereas BMC Clinical Pharmacology operated a fully open peer review policy where the identity of the reviewers was known to the editors, authors and readers. The merged journal also adopted a fully open peer review policy. Two years on we discuss the views and experiences of our Editorial Board Members towards open peer review on this biomedical journal. PMID:25266119

Moylan, Elizabeth C; Harold, Simon; O'Neill, Ciaran; Kowalczuk, Maria K

2014-01-01

135

Procedures for peer review assessments  

SciTech Connect

The Office of Program Analysis (OPA) conducts peer reviews of DOE research and development programs. The reviews are performed by examining individual projects which comprise the programs and assess the quality of the research, quality of the research tem, productivity, and mission relevance for each project reviewed.

Not Available

1988-01-01

136

List of Publications Prof., Dr. rer. nat. Bertram Opitz, Dipl. Biophys. Journal articles (peer-reviewed)  

E-print Network

engage different brain areas: Disentangling the neural correlates of valence and expectancy in feedback memory training. Neuroimage 3. Brod, G. & Opitz, B. (under review) Musical Expertise drives working memory training on the fronto-parietal working memory network. Front. Hum. Neurosci. 6:173. doi

Royal Holloway, University of London

137

Peer Reviewed Archival Publications  

E-print Network

. Robinson* , and K.E. Barth. 2001. Modeling and characterization of fiber-reinforced plastic honeycomb sandwich panels for highway bridge applications. Journal of Composite Structures 52(3-4): 441-452. H

Mohaghegh, Shahab

138

ForPeerReview Tree diversity enhances tree transpiration in a Panamanian  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Tree diversity enhances tree transpiration in a Panamanian forest plantation Journal-species stands, monoculture, native species, plot transpiration, selection effect Journal of Applied Ecology #12;ForPeerReview 1 Tree diversity enhances tree transpiration in a Panamanian forest plantation1 2

Bermingham, Eldredge

139

ForPeerReview Effect of Chemical Modification of Oil Fly Ash and  

E-print Network

& Sons, Inc. Journal of Applied Polymer Science #12;For Peer Review Figure 2(a): FTIR spectra of as composition and air- oxidation Page 3 of 47 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Journal of Applied Polymer Science #12;For of Applied Polymer Science #12;For Peer Review Figure 5: SEM for LDPE/OFA composite at 5% loading and 5µm

Hussein, Ibnelwaleed A.

140

A quick guide to writing a solid peer review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientific integrity and consensus rely on the peer review process, a defining feature of scientific discourse that subjects the literature forming the foundation of credible knowledge in a scientific field to rigorous scrutiny. However, there is surprisingly little training in graduate school on how to develop this essential skill [Zimmerman et al., 2011] or discussion of best practices to ensure that reviewers at all levels efficiently provide the most useful review. Even more challenging for the novice peer reviewer is that journals also vary widely in their review guidelines. Nonetheless, the goals of peer review are crystal clear: to ensure the accuracy and improve the quality of published literature through constructive criticism. To make the peer review process as efficient and productive as possible, you may want to consider a few useful approaches to tackling major steps throughout your review, from contemplating a review request and reading and assessing the manuscript to writing the review and interacting with the journal's editors (see Figure 1). These tips are particularly relevant for graduate students or other first-time reviewers, but they may also be useful to experienced reviewers and to journal editors seeking to enhance their publication's processes.

Nicholas, Kimberly A.; Gordon, Wendy S.

2011-07-01

141

45 CFR 1388.9 - Peer review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES, DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES PROGRAM THE UNIVERSITY AFFILIATED PROGRAMS 1388.9 Peer review. (a) The purpose of the peer review process is to provide the...

2010-10-01

142

Planning for Peer Review of Teaching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Peer review of teaching can help departments improve their treatment of teaching as disciplinary scholarship. Peer review encourages collegial discussion about teaching and creates a framework for thorough evaluation of teaching. The authors of this article reviewed literature that describes the benefits of peer review, and that which describes steps for implementing departmental peer review programs. The benefits of a well-designed, well-implemented system of peer review include improved teaching, elevated morale and productivity, and closer working relationships in a department. Steps to creating an effective, beneficial peer review program include describing the goals of the program, describing good teaching in a department, crafting clear and equitable review procedures, training reviewers, finding opportunities for teachers to learn new instructional techniques, and rewarding participation. Communication, trust, and integrity are key ingredients of successful peer review of teaching.

Mundy, Victoria

1999-01-01

143

Lightweight preliminary peer review: does in-class peer review make sense?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review is widely recognized for advancing student learning, in particular for developing reflective processes like critical thinking. The classroom is ripe for peer review because the subject matter is fresh and in-depth interactivity is possible. Yet the limited time available in class conflicts with peer review's deliberative nature. We hypothesize that peer review -- at least the initial stages

Tamara Denning; Michael Kelly; David Lindquist; Roshni Malani; William G. Griswold; Beth Simon

2007-01-01

144

Lightweight preliminary peer review: does in-class peer review make sense?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review is widely recognized for advancing student learning, in particular for developing reflective processes like critical think- ing. The classroom is ripe for peer review because the subject matter is fresh and in-depth interactivity is possible. Yet the lim- ited time available in class conflicts with peer review's delib- erative nature. We hypothesize that peer review - at least

Tamara Denning; Michael Kelly; David Lindquist; Roshni Malani; William G. Griswold; Beth Simon

2007-01-01

145

Peer Review Summary Document (February 8, 2013)  

E-print Network

://www.usgs.gov/peer_review/docs/klamath_SDOR.pdf [92 KB]. Title and Authorship of Information Product Disseminated Klamath Dam Removal Overview Report in Appendix A of the report titled: Peer Review Panel Report on Draft Klamath Dam Removal Overview Report: Peer Review Panel Report on Draft Klamath Dam Removal Overview Report for the Secretary of the Interior

Torgersen, Christian

146

7 CFR 550.17 - Peer review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Peer review. 550.17 Section 550.17...Formation of Agreements 550.17 Peer review. Upon request of the REE...to provide documentation in support of peer review activities and cooperator...

2010-01-01

147

Peer Review Process  

Cancer.gov

Upon receipt, competing applications will be reviewed both by the Center for Scientific Review (CSR) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) for completeness and for conformance to all eligibility requirements and special provisions and requirements. Incomplete applications will be returned to the applicant without further consideration.

148

Peer Review Process  

Cancer.gov

Upon receipt, applications will be reviewed by the Center for Scientific Review (CSR) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) for completeness and conformance to all eligibility requirements and special provisions and requirements. Incomplete or ineligible applications will be returned to the applicant without further consideration.

149

Peer Review Process  

Cancer.gov

Upon receipt, applications will be reviewed by the Center for Scientific Review (CSR) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) for completeness and conformance to all eligibility requirements and special provisions and requirements. Incomplete applications will be returned to the applicant without further consideration.

150

Timely deposition of macromolecular structures is necessary for peer review  

PubMed Central

Most of the macromolecular structures in the Protein Data Bank (PDB), which are used daily by thousands of educators and scientists alike, are determined by X-ray crystallography. It was examined whether the crystallographic models and data were deposited to the PDB at the same time as the publications that describe them were submitted for peer review. This condition is necessary to ensure pre-publication validation and the quality of the PDB public archive. It was found that a significant proportion of PDB entries were submitted to the PDB after peer review of the corresponding publication started, and many were only submitted after peer review had ended. It is argued that clear description of journal policies and effective policing is important for pre-publication validation, which is key in ensuring the quality of the PDB and of peer-reviewed literature. PMID:24311569

Joosten, Robbie P.; Soueidan, Hayssam; Wessels, Lodewyk F. A.; Perrakis, Anastassis

2013-01-01

151

Procedures for peer review assessments  

SciTech Connect

The Office of Program Analysis (OPA) conducts peer review assessments of Department of Energy (DOE) research and development. The reviews are performed by examining individual projects which comprise a program and by assessing the quality of the research, quality of the research team, productivity, probability of success, and mission relevance for each project reviewed. To carry out the assessment, OPA assembles panels of scientific and technical experts to evaluate individual projects. A number of panels are assembled so that all the topics which make up the program being assessed are covered. Each panel consists of five to nine reviewers together with an Executive Secretary from OPA who acts much as a parliamentarian during the review. OPA chooses the reviewers and Chairperson for each panel after obtaining recommendations from the research Program Managers and the Principal Investigators of the projects to be reviewed. OPA also conducts its own independent search for the best qualified candidates from academia, industry, Government laboratories, and other sources.

Not Available

1993-01-01

152

28 CFR 34.109 - Qualifications of peer reviewers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Qualifications of peer reviewers. 34.109 Section 34.109 Judicial...Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review 34.109 Qualifications of peer...

2010-07-01

153

28 CFR 34.110 - Management of peer reviews.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Management of peer reviews. 34.110 Section 34.110 Judicial...Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review 34.110 Management of peer...

2010-07-01

154

The Multiple Faces of Peer Review in Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I use autobiographical narratives to describe and analyse my involvement in peer review activities in science education and to illustrate their historical, social and cultural constitution. I explore ways in which peer review and science education have interrelated in 30-plus years in which I have been a science educator. I employ cultural sociology and activity theory to identify patterns of coherence and coexisting contradictions that create tensions able to catalyse improvements in science education. I argue that early career science educators need a gradual induction into peer review activities, preferably increasing their effectiveness by coparticipating with more experienced colleagues. Also, I critically examine my roles as a peer reviewer, within various contexts that include being an editor of journals and a book series, an examiner of dissertations and an advisor of graduate students, and as a reviewer of applications for tenure and promotion. In so doing I probe power relationships between the reviewer and the reviewed and explore the possibility that peer review is hegemonic. Finally, I present strategies for science educators to reach a collective understanding of how to enact peer review equitably.

Tobin, Kenneth

2002-04-01

155

Peer Tutoring Exam Reviews  

E-print Network

Social Media for events and updates Online exam reviews and workshops Online Whiteboard sessions http://iit.edu/arc/connect Contact Call: (312) 567-5216 Social Media: http://iit.edu/arc/connect http://facebook.com/arc.iit http--5pm #12;ARC Letter CHEMGroupTutoring Location & Hours Hermann Hall: HH-112 Monday - Thursday: 10 a

Heller, Barbara

156

Peer Tutoring Exam Reviews  

E-print Network

Social Media for events and updates Online exam reviews and workshops Online Whiteboard sessions http://iit.edu/arc/connect Contact Call: (312) 567-5216 Social Media: http://iit.edu/arc/connect http://facebook.com/arc.iit http Group: 5pm--6pm GENERAL PHYS II Group: 7pm--8pm #12;ARC Letter PHYSGroupTutoring Location & Hours

Heller, Barbara

157

Peer Tutoring Exam Reviews  

E-print Network

_exam_reviews.shtml ARConnect Combines all online resources TutorTrac for online appointments Social Media for events Call: (312) 567-5216 Social Media: http://iit.edu/arc/connect http://facebook.com/arc.iit http MMAEGroupTutoring Location & Hours Hermann Hall: HH-112 Monday - Thursday: 10 a.m. to 8p.m. Friday: 10 a

Heller, Barbara

158

Peer Tutoring Exam Reviews  

E-print Network

Social Media for events and updates Online exam reviews and workshops Online Whiteboard sessions http://iit.edu/arc/connect Contact Call: (312) 567-5216 Social Media: http://iit.edu/arc/connect http://facebook.com/arc.iit http DIFFERENTIAL EQ Group: 7pm--8pm @ LS 129 #12;ARC Letter MATHGroupTutoring Location & Hours Hermann Hall: HH-112

Heller, Barbara

159

ForPeerReview Inversion of Chromophoric Dissolved Organic Matter  

E-print Network

of Chromophoric Dissolved Organic Matter (CDOM) from EO-1 Hyperion Imagery for Turbid Estuarine and Coastal WatersForPeerReview Inversion of Chromophoric Dissolved Organic Matter (CDOM) from EO-1 Hyperion Imagery for Turbid Estuarine and Coastal Waters Journal: Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing Manuscript ID

Yu, Qian

160

The Examination of Peer Review and Publication in Neurology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite remarkable growth in the clinical neurology literature, there is little research on peer review and biomedical publication in neurology. Biomedical publication research encompasses every step of the research process, from the methodology to the publication of research findings. Some general medical journals have served as leaders in improving scientific publication. Many medical fields have taken it upon themselves to

Victoria S. S. Wong

2010-01-01

161

Peer Review of Launch Environments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Catastrophic failures of launch vehicles during launch and ascent are currently modeled using equivalent trinitrotoluene (TNT) estimates. This approach tends to over-predict the blast effect with subsequent impact to launch vehicle and crew escape requirements. Bangham Engineering, located in Huntsville, Alabama, assembled a less-conservative model based on historical failure and test data coupled with physical models and estimates. This white paper summarizes NESC's peer review of the Bangham analytical work completed to date.

Wilson, Timmy R.

2011-01-01

162

Open by default: a proposed copyright license and waiver agreement for open access research and data in peer-reviewed journals.  

PubMed

Copyright and licensing of scientific data, internationally, are complex and present legal barriers to data sharing, integration and reuse, and therefore restrict the most efficient transfer and discovery of scientific knowledge. Much data are included within scientific journal articles, their published tables, additional files (supplementary material) and reference lists. However, these data are usually published under licenses which are not appropriate for data. Creative Commons CC0 is an appropriate and increasingly accepted method for dedicating data to the public domain, to enable data reuse with the minimum of restrictions. BioMed Central is committed to working towards implementation of open data-compliant licensing in its publications. Here we detail a protocol for implementing a combined Creative Commons Attribution license (for copyrightable material) and Creative Commons CC0 waiver (for data) agreement for content published in peer-reviewed open access journals. We explain the differences between legal requirements for attribution in copyright, and cultural requirements in scholarship for giving individuals credit for their work through citation. We argue that publishing data in scientific journals under CC0 will have numerous benefits for individuals and society, and yet will have minimal implications for authors and minimal impact on current publishing and research workflows. We provide practical examples and definitions of data types, such as XML and tabular data, and specific secondary use cases for published data, including text mining, reproducible research, and open bibliography. We believe this proposed change to the current copyright and licensing structure in science publishing will help clarify what users - people and machines - of the published literature can do, legally, with journal articles and make research using the published literature more efficient. We further believe this model could be adopted across multiple publishers, and invite comment on this article from all stakeholders in scientific research. PMID:22958225

Hrynaszkiewicz, Iain; Cockerill, Matthew J

2012-01-01

163

A Reliability-Generalization Study of Journal Peer Reviews: A Multilevel Meta-Analysis of Inter-Rater Reliability and Its Determinants  

PubMed Central

Background This paper presents the first meta-analysis for the inter-rater reliability (IRR) of journal peer reviews. IRR is defined as the extent to which two or more independent reviews of the same scientific document agree. Methodology/Principal Findings Altogether, 70 reliability coefficients (Cohen's Kappa, intra-class correlation [ICC], and Pearson product-moment correlation [r]) from 48 studies were taken into account in the meta-analysis. The studies were based on a total of 19,443 manuscripts; on average, each study had a sample size of 311 manuscripts (minimum: 28, maximum: 1983). The results of the meta-analysis confirmed the findings of the narrative literature reviews published to date: The level of IRR (mean ICC/r2?=?.34, mean Cohen's Kappa?=?.17) was low. To explain the study-to-study variation of the IRR coefficients, meta-regression analyses were calculated using seven covariates. Two covariates that emerged in the meta-regression analyses as statistically significant to gain an approximate homogeneity of the intra-class correlations indicated that, firstly, the more manuscripts that a study is based on, the smaller the reported IRR coefficients are. Secondly, if the information of the rating system for reviewers was reported in a study, then this was associated with a smaller IRR coefficient than if the information was not conveyed. Conclusions/Significance Studies that report a high level of IRR are to be considered less credible than those with a low level of IRR. According to our meta-analysis the IRR of peer assessments is quite limited and needs improvement (e.g., reader system). PMID:21179459

Bornmann, Lutz; Mutz, Rudiger; Daniel, Hans-Dieter

2010-01-01

164

Open access publishing and peer reviews : new models Marie Pascale Baligand, Cemagref, 3 bis quai Chauveau, 69336 Lyon cedex 09, France  

E-print Network

, the arguably most successful alternative to the closed peer review of traditional scientific journals and peer review are completed in the same way as in traditional journals and, if accepted, final papers1 Open access publishing and peer reviews : new models Marie Pascale Baligand, Cemagref, 3 bis quai

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

165

Peer review versus editorial review and their role in innovative science.  

PubMed

Peer review is a widely accepted instrument for raising the quality of science. Peer review limits the enormous unstructured influx of information and the sheer amount of dubious data, which in its absence would plunge science into chaos. In particular, peer review offers the benefit of eliminating papers that suffer from poor craftsmanship or methodological shortcomings, especially in the experimental sciences. However, we believe that peer review is not always appropriate for the evaluation of controversial hypothetical science. We argue that the process of peer review can be prone to bias towards ideas that affirm the prior convictions of reviewers and against innovation and radical new ideas. Innovative hypotheses are thus highly vulnerable to being "filtered out" or made to accord with conventional wisdom by the peer review process. Consequently, having introduced peer review, the Elsevier journal Medical Hypotheses may be unable to continue its tradition as a radical journal allowing discussion of improbable or unconventional ideas. Hence we conclude by asking the publisher to consider re-introducing the system of editorial review to Medical Hypotheses. PMID:23054375

Steinhauser, Georg; Adlassnig, Wolfram; Risch, Jesaka Ahau; Anderlini, Serena; Arguriou, Petros; Armendariz, Aaron Zolen; Bains, William; Baker, Clark; Barnes, Martin; Barnett, Jonathan; Baumgartner, Michael; Baumgartner, Thomas; Bendall, Charles A; Bender, Yvonne S; Bichler, Max; Biermann, Teresa; Bini, Ronaldo; Blanco, Eduardo; Bleau, John; Brink, Anthony; Brown, Darin; Burghuber, Christopher; Calne, Roy; Carter, Brian; Castao, Cesar; Celec, Peter; Celis, Maria Eugenia; Clarke, Nicky; Cockrell, David; Collins, David; Coogan, Brian; Craig, Jennifer; Crilly, Cal; Crowe, David; Csoka, Antonei B; Darwich, Chaza; Del Kebos, Topiciprin; Derinaldi, Michele; Dlamini, Bongani; Drewa, Tomasz; Dwyer, Michael; Eder, Fabienne; de Palma, Ral Ehrichs; Esmay, Dean; Rtt, Catherine Evans; Exley, Christopher; Falkov, Robin; Farber, Celia Ingrid; Fearn, William; Felsmann, Sophie; Flensmark, Jarl; Fletcher, Andrew K; Foster, Michaela; Fountoulakis, Kostas N; Fouratt, Jim; Blanca, Jesus Garcia; Sotelo, Manuel Garrido; Gittler, Florian; Gittler, Georg; Gomez, Juan; Gomez, Juan F; Polar, Maria Grazia Gonzales; Gonzalez, Jossina; Gsselsberger, Christoph; Habermacher, Lynn; Hajek, Michael; Hakala, Faith; Haliburton, Mary-Sue; Hankins, John Robert; Hart, Jason; Hasslberger, Sepp; Hennessey, Donalyn; Herrmann, Andrea; Hersee, Mike; Howard, Connie; Humphries, Suzanne; Isharc, Laeeth; Ivanovski, Petar; Jenuth, Stephen; Jerndal, Jens; Johnson, Christine; Keleta, Yonas; Kenny, Anna; Kidd, Billie; Kohle, Fritz; Kolahi, Jafar; Koller-Peroutka, Marianne; Kostova, Lyubov; Kumar, Arunachalam; Kurosawa, Alejandro; Lance, Tony; Lechermann, Michael; Lendl, Bernhard; Leuchters, Michael; Lewis, Evan; Lieb, Edward; Lloyd, Gloria; Losek, Angelika; Lu, Yao; Maestracci, Saadia; Mangan, Dennis; Mares, Alberto W; Barnett, Juan Mazar; McClain, Valerie; McNair, John Sydney; Michael, Terry; Miller, Lloyd; Monzani, Partizia; Moran, Belen; Morris, Mike; Mmer, Georg; Mountain, Johny; Phuthe, Onnie Mary Moyo; Muoz, Marcos; Nakken, Sheri; Wambui, Anne Nduta; Neunteufl, Bettina; Nikoli?, Dimitrije; Oberoi, Devesh V; Obmode, Gregory; Ogar, Laura; Ohara, Jo; Rybine, Naion Olej; Owen, Bryan; Owen, Kim Wilson; Parikh, Rakesh; Pearce, Nicholas J G; Pemmer, Bernhard; Piper, Chris; Prince, Ian; Reid, Terence; Rindermann, Heiner; Risch, Stefan; Robbins, Josh; Roberts, Seth; Romero, Ajeandro; Rothe, Michael Thaddus; Ruiz, Sergio; Sacher, Juliane; Sackl, Wolfgang; Salletmaier, Markus; Sanand, Jairaj; Sauerzopf, Clemens; Schwarzgruber, Thomas; Scott, David; Seegers, Laura; Seppi, David; Shields, Kyle; Siller-Matula, Jolanta; Singh, Beldeu; Sithole, Sibusio; Six, Florian; Skoyles, John R; Slofstra, Jildou; Sole, Daphne Anne; Sommer, Werner F; Sonko, Mels; Starr-Casanova, Chrislie J; Steakley, Marjorie Elizabeth; Steinhauser, Wolfgang; Steinhoff, Konstantin; Sterba, Johannes H; Steppan, Martin; Stindl, Reinhard; Stokely, Joe; Stokely, Karri; St-Pierre, Gilles; Stratford, James; Streli, Christina; Stryg, Carl; Sullivan, Mike; Summhammer, Johann; Tadesse, Amhayes; Tavares, David; Thompson, Laura; Tomlinson, Alison; Tozer, Jack; Trevisanato, Siro I; Trimmel, Michaela; Turner, Nicole; Vahur, Paul; van der Byl, Jennie; van der Maas, Tine; Varela, Leo; Vega, Carlos A; Vermaak, Shiloh; Villasenor, Alex; Vogel, Matt; von Wintzigerode, Georg; Wagner, Christoph; Weinberger, Manuel; Weinberger, Peter; Wilson, Nick; Wolfe, Jennifer Finocchio; Woodley, Michael A; Young, Ian; Zuraw, Glenn; Zwiren, Nicole

2012-10-01

166

Towards an effective data peer review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Peer review is an established procedure to ensure the quality of scientific publications and is currently used as a prerequisite for acceptance of papers in the scientific community. In the past years the publication of raw data and its metadata got increased attention, which led to the idea of bringing it to the same standards the journals for traditional publications have. One missing element to achieve this is a comparable peer review scheme. This contribution introduces the idea of a quality evaluation process, which is designed to analyse the technical quality as well as the content of a dataset. It bases on quality tests, which results are evaluated with the help of the knowledge of an expert. The results of the tests and the expert knowledge are evaluated probabilistically and are statistically combined. As a result the quality of a dataset is estimated with a single value only. This approach allows the reviewer to quickly identify the potential weaknesses of a dataset and generate a transparent and comprehensible report. To demonstrate the scheme, an application on a large meteorological dataset will be shown. Furthermore, potentials and risks of such a scheme will be introduced and practical implications for its possible introduction to data centres investigated. Especially, the effects of reducing the estimate of quality of a dataset to a single number will be critically discussed.

Dsterhus, Andr; Hense, Andreas

2014-05-01

167

Peer2ref: a peer-reviewer finding web tool that uses author disambiguation  

PubMed Central

Background Reviewer and editor selection for peer review is getting harder for authors and publishers due to the specialization onto narrower areas of research carried by the progressive growth of the body of knowledge. Examination of the literature facilitates finding appropriate reviewers but is time consuming and complicated by author name ambiguities. Results We have developed a method called peer2ref to support authors and editors in selecting suitable reviewers for scientific manuscripts. Peer2ref works from a text input, usually the abstract of the manuscript, from which important concepts are extracted as keywords using a fuzzy binary relations approach. The keywords are searched on indexed profiles of words constructed from the bibliography attributed to authors in MEDLINE. The names of these scientists have been previously disambiguated by coauthors identified across the whole MEDLINE. The methods have been implemented in a web server that automatically suggests experts for peer-review among scientists that have authored manuscripts published during the last decade in more than 3,800 journals indexed in MEDLINE. Conclusion peer2ref web server is publicly available at http://www.ogic.ca/projects/peer2ref/. PMID:22958760

2012-01-01

168

Maintaining Live Discussion in Two-Stage Open Peer Review  

PubMed Central

Open peer review has been proposed for a number of reasons, in particular, for increasing the transparency of the article selection process for a journal, and for obtaining a broader basis for feedback to the authors and for the acceptance decision. The review discussion may also in itself have a value for the research community. These goals rely on the existence of a lively review discussion, but several experiments with open-process peer review in recent years have encountered the problem of faltering review discussions. The present article addresses the question of how lively review discussion may be fostered by relating the experience of the journal Electronic Transactions on Artificial Intelligence (ETAI) which was an early experiment with open peer review. Factors influencing the discussion activity are identified. It is observed that it is more difficult to obtain lively discussion when the number of contributed articles increases, which implies difficulties for scaling up the open peer review model. Suggestions are made for how this difficulty may be overcome. PMID:22363282

Sandewall, Erik

2011-01-01

169

Conflicts of interest in medical science: peer usage, peer review and 'CoI consultancy'.  

PubMed

In recent years, the perception has grown that conflicts of interest are having a detrimental effect on medical science as it influences health policy and clinical practice, leading medical journals to enforce self-declaration of potential biases in the attempt to counteract or compensate for the problem. Conflict of interest (CoI) declarations have traditionally been considered inappropriate in pure science since its evaluation systems themselves constitute a mechanism for eliminating the effect of individual biases. Pure science is primarily evaluated by 'peer usage', in which scientific information is 'replicated' by being incorporated in the work of other scientists, and tested by further observation of the natural world. Over the long-term, the process works because significant biases impair the quality of science, and bad science tends to be neglected or refuted. However, scientific evaluation operates slowly over years and decades, and only a small proportion of published work is ever actually evaluated. But most of modern medical science no longer conforms to the model of pure science, and may instead be conceptualized as a system of 'applied' science having different aims and evaluation processes. The aim of applied medical science is to solve pre-specified problems, and to provide scientific information ready for implementation immediately following publication. The primary evaluation process of applied science is peer review, not peer usage. Peer review is much more rapid (with a timescale of weeks or months) and cheaper than peer usage and (consequently) has a much wider application: peer review is a prospective validation while peer usage is retrospective. Since applied science consists of incremental advances on existing knowledge achieved using established techniques, its results can usually be reliably evaluated by peer review. However, despite its considerable convenience, peer review has significant limitations related to its reliance on opinion. One major limitation of peer review has proved to be its inability to deal with conflicts of interest, especially in a 'big science' context when prestigious scientists may have similar biases, and conflicts of interest are widely shared among peer reviewers. When applied medical science has been later checked against the slower but more valid processes of peer usage, it seems that reliance on peer review may allow damaging distortions to become 'locked-in' to clinical practice and health policy for considerable periods. Scientific progress is generally underpinned by increasing specialization. Medical journals should specialize in the communication of scientific information, and they have neither the resources nor the motivation to investigate and measure conflicts of interest. Effectively dealing with the problem of conflicts of interest in applied medical science firstly requires a more explicit demarcation between the communications media of pure medical science and applied medical science. Greater specialization of these activities would then allow distinctive aims and evaluation systems to evolve with the expectation of improved performance in both pure and applied systems. In future, applied medical science should operate with an assumption of bias, with the onus of proof on applied medical scientists to facilitate the 'data transparency' necessary to validate their research. Journals of applied medical science will probably require more rigorous processes of peer review than at present, since their publications are intended to be ready for implementation. But since peer review does not adequately filter-out conflicts of interest in applied medical science, there is a need for the evolution of specialist post-publication institutional mechanisms. The suggested solution is to encourage the establishment of independent 'CoI consultancy' services, whose role would be to evaluate conflicts of interest and other biases in published applied medical science prior to their implementation. Such services would be paid-for by the groups who intend to implement appl

Charlton, Bruce G

2004-01-01

170

Sealed source peer review plan  

SciTech Connect

Sealed sources are known quantities of radioactive materials that have been encapsulated in quantities that produce known radiation fields. Sealed sources have multiple uses ranging from instrument calibration sources to sources that produce radiation fields for experimental applications. The Off-Site Source Recovery (OSR) Project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), created in 1999, under the direction of the Waste Management Division of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Albuquerque has been assigned the responsibility to recover and manage excess and unwanted radioactive sealed sources from the public and private sector. LANL intends to ship drums containing qualified sealed sources to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) for disposal. Prior to shipping, these drums must be characterized with respect to radiological content and other parameters. The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires that ten radionulcides be quantified and reported for every container of waste to be disposed in the WIPP. The methods traditionally approved by the EPA include non-destructive assay (NDA) in accordance with Appendix A of the Contact-Handled Transuranic Waste Acceptance Criteria for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (DOE, 2002) (CH WAC). However, because of the nature and pedigree of historical records for sealed sources and the technical infeasibility of performing NDA on these sources, LANL proposes to characterize the content of these waste drums using qualified existing radiological data in lieu of direct measurement. This plan describes the process and documentation requirements for the use of the peer review process to qualify existing data for sealed radiological sources in lieu of perfonning radioassay. The peer review process will be performed in accordance with criteria provided in 40 CFR {section} 194.22 which specifies the use of the NUREG 1297 guidelines. The plan defines the management approach, resources, schedule, and technical requirements for the subject peer review.

Feldman, Alexander [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Leonard, Lee [RETIRED; Burns, Ron [CONTRACTOR

2009-01-01

171

ForPeerReview A bi-paratopic anti-EGFR nanobody efficiently inhibits solid  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview A bi-paratopic anti-EGFR nanobody efficiently inhibits solid tumour growth Journal; Utrecht University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biology, Cellular Dynamics Key Words: EGFR, nanobodyPeerReview 1 A bi-paratopic anti-EGFR nanobody efficiently inhibits solid tumour growth Rob C. Roovers1

Utrecht, Universiteit

172

Using Peer Reviews to Examine Micropolitics and Disciplinary Development of Engineering Education: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a case study of the peer review process for a feminist article submitted to an engineering education journal. It demonstrates how an examination of peer review can be a useful approach to further understanding the development of feminist thought in education fields. Rather than opposition to feminist thought per se, my

Beddoes, Kacey

2014-01-01

173

ForPeerReview Mixed Methods in Land Change Research: Towards  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Mixed Methods in Land Change Research: Towards Integration Journal: Transactions of British Geographers #12;ForPeerReview Mixed Methods in Land Change Research: Towards Integration methods, land change, integration Abstract: This paper focuses on the question of the appropriate balance

Lopez-Carr, David

174

Writing to Learn: An Evaluation of the Calibrated Peer Review Program in Two Neuroscience Courses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This journal article describes the use of Calibrated Peer Review (CPR), a free, web-based writing and peer review program designed to alleviate instructor workload, in two undergraduate neuroscience courses: an upper-level sensation and perception course (41 students, three assignments) and an introductory neuroscience course (50 students; two assignments).

J. Roxanne Prichard (Bates College;)

2005-10-16

175

Open peer review by a selected-papers network.  

PubMed

A selected-papers (SP) network is a network in which researchers who read, write, and review articles subscribe to each other based on common interests. Instead of reviewing a manuscript in secret for the Editor of a journal, each reviewer simply publishes his review (typically of a paper he wishes to recommend) to his SP network subscribers. Once the SP network reviewers complete their review decisions, the authors can invite any journal editor they want to consider these reviews and initial audience size, and make a publication decision. Since all impact assessment, reviews, and revisions are complete, this decision process should be short. I show how the SP network can provide a new way of measuring impact, catalyze the emergence of new subfields, and accelerate discovery in existing fields, by providing each reader a fine-grained filter for high-impact. I present a three phase plan for building a basic SP network, and making it an effective peer review platform that can be used by journals, conferences, users of repositories such as arXiv, and users of search engines such as PubMed. I show how the SP network can greatly improve review and dissemination of research articles in areas that are not well-supported by existing journals. Finally, I illustrate how the SP network concept can work well with existing publication services such as journals, conferences, arXiv, PubMed, and online citation management sites. PMID:22291635

Lee, Christopher

2012-01-01

176

Pandora's Dilemma: Some Reflections on Peer Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a case study of the use of departmental peer review at the University of Rhode Island, focusing on the differing attitudes toward the peer review process held by tenured and untenured faculty, the apprehension of women and minority faculty toward the process, and the "ratcheting up" of the research and publication requirements for tenure

Roworth, Wendy Wassyng

1997-01-01

177

TEACHING PEER REVIEW AND THE PROCESS OF  

E-print Network

guidelines, and grading criteria (8). It is also possible that students do not recognize a practical need and graduate students understand neither the process of scientific writing nor the significance of peer review undergraduate students the full scientific publishing process, including anonymous peer review, during

Guilford, William

178

Final Independent External Peer Review Report: Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement  

E-print Network

Final Independent External Peer Review Report: Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS Independent External Peer Review Report Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) for the Mechanical EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW REPORT for the Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) for the Mechanical

US Army Corps of Engineers

179

Thank you reviewers - CytoJournal 2011  

PubMed Central

CytoJournal, with its continued contribution of scientific cytopathology literature to the public domain under open access (OA) charter, thanks its dedicated peer reviewers for devoting significant efforts, time, and resources during 2011. The abstracts of poster-platform submissions to the 59th Annual Scientific Meeting (November 2011) of the American Society of Cytopathology (ASC) in Baltimore, MD, USA, were peer reviewed by the ASC Scientific Program Committee. PMID:22279492

Shidham, Vinod B.; DeMay, Richard M.; Pitman, Martha B.

2011-01-01

180

Procedures for Peer Review of Grant Applications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide presents information on the procedures for peer review of grant applications. It begins with an overview of the review process for grant application submission and review. The review process includes: (1) pre-submission procedures that enable the Institute to plan for specific review sessions; (2) application processing procedures; (3)

US Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

181

Understanding Peer Review of Scientific Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An important factor in the success of America's national research system is that federal funds for university-based research are awarded primarily through peer review, which uses panels of scientific experts, or "peers," to evaluate the quality of grant proposals. In this competitive process, proposals compete for resources based on their

Association of American Universities, 2011

2011-01-01

182

Peer Review Summary Document (2/18/2014)  

E-print Network

Peer Review Summary Document (2/18/2014) http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review/docs/anthrax_geochemistry-soils_contiguousUS.pdf. [20 KB PDF] Title and Authorship of Information Product Disseminated Anthrax and the Geochemistry of the research. Summary of Peer Reviewer Comments and USGS Response to Peer Reviewers Comments USGS responses

Torgersen, Christian

183

28 CFR 34.106 - Number of peer reviewers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Number of peer reviewers. 34.106 Section 34.106 Judicial...Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review 34.106 Number of peer reviewers....

2010-07-01

184

28 CFR 34.105 - Peer review methods.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Peer review methods. 34.105 Section 34.105 Judicial...Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review 34.105 Peer review methods....

2010-07-01

185

Peer review effectiveness : An analysis of potential loopholes within the USA Peer Review Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose To assess peer review effectiveness by identifying potential loopholes that could lead to Type II errors, that is, loopholes that would allow reviewed firms to pass their peer review when they should not pass. Design\\/methodology\\/approach A questionnaire was mailed to a random sample of 500 CPA firms in the USA. A total of 200 responses were received

Joshua Russell; Jack Armitage

2006-01-01

186

Reviewing Manuscripts for Biomedical Journals  

PubMed Central

Writing for publication is a complex task. For many professionals, producing a well-executed manuscript conveying one's research, ideas, or educational wisdom is challenging. Authors have varying emotions related to the process of writing for scientific publication. Although not studied, a relationship between an author's enjoyment of the writing process and the product's outcome is highly likely. As with any skill, practice generally results in improvements. Literature focused on preparing manuscripts for publication and the art of reviewing submissions exists. Most journals guard their reviewers' anonymity with respect to the manuscript review process. This is meant to protect them from direct or indirect author demands, which may occur during the review process or in the future. It is generally accepted that author identities are masked in the peer-review process. However, the concept of anonymity for reviewers has been debated recently; many editors consider it problematic that reviewers are not held accountable to the public for their decisions. The review process is often arduous and underappreciated, one reason why biomedical journals acknowledge editors and frequently recognize reviewers who donate their time and expertise in the name of science. This article describes essential elements of a submitted manuscript, with the hopes of improving scientific writing. It also discusses the review process within the biomedical literature, the importance of reviewers to the scientific process, responsibilities of reviewers, and qualities of a good review and reviewer. In addition, it includes useful insights to individuals who read and interpret the medical literature. PMID:20740129

Garmel, Gus M

2010-01-01

187

Promoting F.A.I.T.H. in Peer Review: Five Core Attributes of Effective Peer Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review is an important component of scholarly research. Long a black box whose practical mechanisms were unknown to researchers and readers, peer review is increasingly facing demands for accountability and improvement. Numerous studies address empirical aspects of the peer review process. Much less consideration is typically given to normative dimensions of peer review. This paper considers what authors, editors,

Leigh Turner

2003-01-01

188

Procedures for Peer Review of Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the Education Sciences Reform Act, all research, statistics, and evaluation reports conducted by, or supported through, the Institute shall be subject to rigorous peer review before being published or otherwise made available to the public. Prior to review and approval by the NCEE Commissioner, NCEE reports are reviewed internally by the

US Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

189

Testing the rebound peer review concept.  

PubMed

This invited editorial addresses the rescue of the article by Skrzypek et al. "Interplay between heme oxygenase-1 and miR-378 affects non-small cell lung carcinoma growth, vascularization, and metastasis." The work was rejected by the standard peer review system and subsequently rescued by the Rebound Peer Review (RPR) mechanism offered by Antioxidants and Redox Signaling (Antioxid Redox Signal 16: 293-296, 2012). The reviewers who openly rescued the article were James F. George, Justin C. Mason, Mahin D. Maines, and Yasufumi Sato. The initial article was a de novo resubmission of a previously rejected article, which was then reviewed by six reviewers. The reviewers raised substantial scientific concerns, including questions pertaining to the specificity of the findings, quality of the presentation, and other technical concerns; the editor returned a decision of reject. The authors voluntarily chose to exercise the option to rescue the article utilizing the RPR system, where the authors found qualified reviewers who were willing to advocate for acceptance with scientific reasoning. The open reviewers felt that the scientific and technical concerns raised by the reviewers were outweighed by the strengths and novelty of the findings to justify acceptance. The RPR, in this case, was a "success" in that it rescued a rejected article. Despite this assessment, we question the necessity of open peer review as a means to overturn a peer review decision, with concerns for the larger-than-usual peer review process, and the voluntary relinquishing of editorial privilege and disclosure of reviewer identity. PMID:23725371

Ryter, Stefan W; Choi, Augustine M K

2013-09-01

190

Is Peer Review in Decline?  

E-print Network

Over the past decade, there has been a decline in the fraction of papers in top economics journals written by economists from the highest-ranked economics departments. This paper documents this fact and uses additional ...

Ellison, Glenn

191

45 CFR 96.136 - Independent peer review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...The programs reviewed shall be representative...of independent peer review is to...treatment services to alcohol and drug abusers...The independent peer reviewers shall...in the field of alcohol and drug abuse...that individual peer reviewers are...modality being reviewed and its...

2010-10-01

192

45 CFR 96.136 - Independent peer review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...The programs reviewed shall be representative...of independent peer review is to...treatment services to alcohol and drug abusers...The independent peer reviewers shall...in the field of alcohol and drug abuse...that individual peer reviewers are...modality being reviewed and its...

2011-10-01

193

45 CFR 96.136 - Independent peer review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...The programs reviewed shall be representative...of independent peer review is to...treatment services to alcohol and drug abusers...The independent peer reviewers shall...in the field of alcohol and drug abuse...that individual peer reviewers are...modality being reviewed and its...

2013-10-01

194

45 CFR 96.136 - Independent peer review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...The programs reviewed shall be representative...of independent peer review is to...treatment services to alcohol and drug abusers...The independent peer reviewers shall...in the field of alcohol and drug abuse...that individual peer reviewers are...modality being reviewed and its...

2012-10-01

195

Rethinking Feedback Practices in Higher Education: A Peer Review Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review is a reciprocal process whereby students produce feedback reviews on the work of peers and receive feedback reviews from peers on their own work. Prior research has primarily examined the learning benefits that result from the receipt of feedback reviews, with few studies specifically exploring the merits of producing feedback reviews

Nicol, David; Thomson, Avril; Breslin, Caroline

2014-01-01

196

Math Homework Review: Peer Teaching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this 1.5 minute video third and fourth grade teacher Heather Ashton explains and models the use of peer tutoring where students use their expertise to help each other learn. Questions for teacher reflection are included as well as a transcript.

2012-01-01

197

Inter-rater reliability and convergent validity of F1000Prime peer review  

E-print Network

Peer review is the backbone of modern science. F1000Prime is a post-publication peer review system of the biomedical literature (papers from medical and biological journals). This study is concerned with the inter-rater reliability and convergent validity of the peer recommendations formulated in the F1000Prime peer review system. The study is based on around 100,000 papers with recommendations from Faculty members. Even if intersubjectivity plays a fundamental role in science, the analyses of the reliability of the F1000Prime peer review system show a rather low level of agreement between Faculty members. This result is in agreement with most other studies which have been published on the journal peer review system. Logistic regression models are used to investigate the convergent validity of the F1000Prime peer review system. As the results show, the proportion of highly cited papers among those selected by the Faculty members is significantly higher than expected. In addition, better recommendation scores ...

Bornmann, Lutz

2014-01-01

198

Real-Time Peer Review: An Innovative Feature to an Evidence-Based Practice Conference  

PubMed Central

Many health sciences librarians as well as other professionals attend conferences on a regular basis. This study sought to link an innovative peer review process of presented research papers to long-term conference outcomes in the peer-reviewed professional journal literature. An evidence-based conference included a proof-of-concept study to gauge the long-term outcomes from research papers presented during the program. Real-time peer review recommendations from the conference were linked to final versions of articles published in the peer-reviewed literature. The real-time peer review feedback served as the basis for further mentoring to guide prospective authors toward publishing their research results. These efforts resulted in the publication of two of the four research papers in the peer-viewed literature. A third presented paper appeared in a blog because the authors wanted to disseminate their findings more quickly than through the journal literature. The presenters of the fourth paper never published their study. Real-time peer review from this study can be adapted to other professional conferences that include presented research papers. PMID:24180649

Eldredge, Jonathan D.; Phillips, Holly E.; Kroth, Philip J.

2013-01-01

199

Peer Review Summary Document (10/24/2013)  

E-print Network

to groundwater studies. Peer Reviewer #2: A USGS Hydrologist for 23 years. The reviewer has a PhD fromPeer Review Summary Document (10/24/2013) Peer Review Plan http://www.usgs.gov Groundwater-Management Strategies for the Upper Klamath Basin, Oregon and California, By Brian J. Wagner

Torgersen, Christian

200

Peer Review Summary Document (12/4/2013)  

E-print Network

Peer Review Summary Document (12/4/2013) Peer Review Plan http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review/docs/yellowstone_grizzly_bear commented that not all grizzly bears had equal access to whitebark pine and whether it would be more bears were included in the analyses. · Reviewer indicated too much reliance on the grizzly bear

Torgersen, Christian

201

Peer Review, Bourdieu and Honour: Connecting Chinese and Australian Intellectual Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reviews of papers for refereed journals are rarely a source of exhilaration, only occasionally a pleasure and frequently dispiriting. Using peer reviews of research containing Chinese concepts, this paper explores different ways of thinking about knowledge, its evaluation and transfer. Bourdieu's concepts of fields of power, position taking,

Singh, Michael; Han, Jinghe

2010-01-01

202

From SSWR to Peer-Reviewed Publication: How Many Live and How Many Die?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to estimate how many presentations at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Social Work and Research (SSWR) are subsequently published in peer-reviewed journals. A 30% random sample of abstracts presented at the 2006 Annual Meeting of SSWR was reviewed. To determine publication status of the presentations, the authors

Perron, Brian E.; Taylor, Harry Owen; Vaughn, Michael G.; Grogan-Kaylor, Andrew; Ruffolo, Mary C.; Spencer, Michael

2011-01-01

203

Does Gender Matter in Grant Peer Review?  

PubMed Central

One of the most frequently voiced criticisms of the peer review process is gender bias. In this study we evaluated the grant peer review process (external reviewers ratings, and board of trustees final decision: approval or no approval for funding) at the Austrian Science Fund with respect to gender. The data consisted of 8,496 research proposals (census) across all disciplines from 1999 to 2009, which were rated on a scale from 1 to 100 (poor to excellent) by 18,357 external reviewers in 23,977 reviews. In line with the current state of research, we found that the final decision was not associated with applicants gender or with any correspondence between gender of applicants and reviewers. However, the decisions on the grant applications showed a robust female reviewer salience effect. The approval probability decreases (up to 10%), when there is parity or a majority of women in the group of reviewers. Our results confirm an overall gender null hypothesis for the peer review process of mens and womens grant applications in contrast to claims that womens grants are systematically downrated. PMID:23480982

Mutz, Rudiger; Bornmann, Lutz; Daniel, Hans-Dieter

2012-01-01

204

7 CFR 3402.22 - Access to peer review information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Access to peer review information. 3402.22 Section... FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES NATIONAL NEEDS GRADUATE...PROGRAM Supplementary Information 3402.22 Access to peer review information. After final...

2010-01-01

205

Calibrated Peer Review: Introduction - Why Study Geology?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sarah Andrews is a geologist who has also written a series of successful mystery novels featuring (naturally) a geologist who solves crimes in her spare time. Students read her article, "Why Study Geology?", then write and essay addressing points listed in the Writing Prompt. After this, students are introduced to the process of Calibrated Peer Review and evaluate their papers.

Heise, Elizabeth

206

Mn/DOT's Project Peer Review  

E-print Network

and sustain this culture #12;Project Management #12;Recent National Work in Transportation Project ManagementMn/DOT's Project Management Peer Review Creating a Project Management Culture 2010 CTS Research Conference Jean Wallace April 27, 2010 #12;Overview ·Mn/DOT's Objectives ·National DOT trends

Minnesota, University of

207

Peer Review Summary Document (12/2/2011)  

E-print Network

Peer Review Summary Document (12/2/2011) Peer Review Plan Numerical Simulations of Groundwater Flow Disseminated Numerical simulation of groundwater flow for the Yakima River basin aquifer system, Washington Peer Reviewer #1 ­ PhD in Geology from Penn State University. USGS Research Hydrologist since 1981

Torgersen, Christian

208

Student attitudes and motivation for peer review in CS2  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer science students need experience with essential concepts and professional activities. Peer review is one way to meet these goals. In this work, we examine the students' attitudes towards and engagement in the peer review process, in early, object-oriented, computer science courses. To do this, we used peer review exercises in two CS2 classes at neighboring universities over the course

Scott Turner; Manuel A. Prez-Quiones; Stephen Edwards; Joseph Chase

2011-01-01

209

February 8, 2013 Final Independent External Peer Review Report  

E-print Network

February 8, 2013 Final Independent External Peer Review Report for the Intake Diversion Dam IEPR Report Final Independent External Peer Review Report for the Intake Diversion Dam Modification External Peer Review Report for the Intake Diversion Dam Modification Lower Yellowstone Project, Montana

US Army Corps of Engineers

210

Peer Review Summary Document (12/20/2011)  

E-print Network

Peer Review Summary Document (12/20/2011) Peer Review Plan http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review/docs/white-mesa_uranium Migration of Radionuclides and Trace Elements from the White Mesa Uranium Mill to the Ute Mountain Ute Reservation and Surrounding Areas, Southeastern Utah, By David L. Naftz, Anthony J. Ranalli, Ryan C. Rowland

Torgersen, Christian

211

Peer Review Summary Document (05/20/2013)  

E-print Network

Peer Review Summary Document (05/20/2013) Peer Review Plan http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review/docs/lakes_muskingum_river Availability from the Atwood, Leesville, and Tappan Lakes in the Muskingum River Watershed, Ohio, by G synoptic surveying of lakes and reservoirs for bathymetry and spatial distributions of velocity and water

Torgersen, Christian

212

Accelerating the pace of discovery by changing the peer review algorithm  

E-print Network

The number of scientific publications is constantly rising, increasing the strain on the review process. The number of submissions is actually higher, as each manuscript is often reviewed several times before publication. To face the deluge of submissions, top journals reject a considerable fraction of manuscripts without review, potentially declining manuscripts with merit. The situation is frustrating for authors, reviewers and editors alike. Recently, several editors wrote about the ``tragedy of the reviewer commons', advocating for urgent corrections to the system. Almost every scientist has ideas on how to improve the system, but it is very difficult, if not impossible, to perform experiments to test which measures would be most effective. Surprisingly, relatively few attempts have been made to model peer review. Here I implement a simulation framework in which ideas on peer review can be quantitatively tested. I incorporate authors, reviewers, manuscripts and journals into an agent-based model and a pee...

Allesina, Stefano

2009-01-01

213

Finding Scholarly, Peer-Reviewed Articles 1. You need to find two scholarly, peer-reviewed articles, but what are they? Where are they?  

E-print Network

Finding Scholarly, Peer-Reviewed Articles 1. You need to find two scholarly, peer-reviewed articles, but what are they? Where are they? 2. Peer-reviewed articles are written by experts and reviewed by other experts -- their peers -- before they are published. Another name you'll hear for peer-reviewed articles

Su, Xiao

214

ForPeerReview An Efficient and Fair MAC Protocol Robust to Reactive and  

E-print Network

Journal: IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking Manuscript ID: TNET-00529-2011.R2 Manuscript Type: Original-Labs, EECS Zhang, Jin; Arizona State University, SCIDSE Keywords: Medium Access, Robustness, Throughput, Algorithms, Anti-Jamming, Adversary Note: The following files were submitted by the author for peer review

Schmid, Stefan

215

ForPeerReview Microbiology and performance of a methanogenic biofilm reactor during the1  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview 1 Microbiology and performance of a methanogenic biofilm reactor during the1 start (present adress).7 Abbreviated running headline: Start-up of a methanogenic biofilm reactor8 Correspondence and performance of a methanogenic biofilm reactor during the start-up period. Journal of Applied Microbiology, vol

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

216

ForPeerReview Design of a CNTFET-Based SRAM Cell by Dual-Chirality  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Design of a CNTFET-Based SRAM Cell by Dual-Chirality Selection Journal: Transactions TO EDIT) SRAM cell usingT SRAM cell design, while all CNTFETs of the same type have the same chirality, N-type and P

Ayers, Joseph

217

ForPeerReview Abnormal Digital Neurovascular Response to Local Heating  

E-print Network

response in SSc Page 1 of 23 Rheumatology 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 60 HALauthormanuscriptinserm-00273825,version1 HAL author manuscript Rheumatology / British Journal of Rheumatology 2008;:epub ahead of print #12;ForPeerReview 2 Abstract Objectives. To investigate neurovascular

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

218

ForPeerReview Liver Stiffness Diminishes with Antiviral Response in  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Liver Stiffness Diminishes with Antiviral Response in Chronic Hepatitis C Journal verdier, Liver unit Leroy, Vincent Mallat, Ariane Pawlotsky, Jean-Michel; Hopital Henri Mondor - Université Paris XII, Virology Keywords: Hepatology, Hepatitis C Liver fibrosis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

219

ForPeerReview Ice age True Polar wander in a compressible and non  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Ice age True Polar wander in a compressible and non hydrostatic Earth Journal approach" to the Earth's rotation developed during the eighties and nineties, both for ice age and mantle of Earth Sciences "A. Desio" Ricard, Yanick; ENS Lyon, Earth's Sciences Keywords: Earth rotation variations

220

ForPeerReview Fragmentation-free LC-MS can identify hundreds of  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Fragmentation-free LC-MS can identify hundreds of proteins. Journal: PROTEOMICS. of Washington, Dept of Medicinal Chemistry Clote, Peter; Boston College, Biology Dept; Ecole Polytechnique, LIX Biology Dept, Boston College, Boston, MA, USA 8 Ecole Polytechnique, LIX, Palaiseau, France 9 LRI

Clote, Peter

221

ForPeerReview A new leaf blight of rice caused by Pantoea ananatis in  

E-print Network

a blighted appearance. The disease was severe during the post-flowering stage. Yellow pigmented bacteria wereForPeerReview A new leaf blight of rice caused by Pantoea ananatis in India Journal: Plant Disease Manuscript ID: PDIS-06-11-0533-PDN.R1 Manuscript Type: Plant Disease Note Date Submitted by the Author: 03

Mudgettt, Mary Beth

222

Factors Associated with Social Interactions between Deaf Children and Their Hearing Peers: A Systematic Literature Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicates that deaf children can have marked social difficulties compared with their hearing peers. Factors that influence these social interactions need to be reviewed to inform interventions. A systematic search of 5 key databases and 3 specialized journals identified 14 papers that met the inclusion criteria. Methodological quality of

Batten, Georgina; Oakes, Peter M.; Alexander, Tim

2014-01-01

223

Procedures for peer review assessments  

SciTech Connect

These assessment procedures provide the basis for implementing the methodology developed by the Office of Program Analysis (OPA) for assessing the quality of research and development within the Department of Energy (DOE). The reviews are performed by examining individual projects which comprise a program and by assessing the quality of the research, quality of the research team, productivity, probability of success, and mission relevance for each project reviewed. OPA's methodology entails assembling panels of scientific and technical experts to evaluate individual projects. Inferences about the quality of the overlying program emerge from analysis of the ratings given all of the program's individual projects or, in the case of a large program, statistical analysis of a properly drawn sample of individual research projects.

Not Available

1991-04-01

224

EB 2010 Trainee Symposium - Publish, Not Perish: How to Survive the Peer Review Process  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Publishing the results of your research is vital to a successful career in academia or industry. Based on the outcome of the Trainee Advisory Committee (TAC) Survey, as well as the Professional Skills Document, the TAC has identified that there is a need for trainees to obtain information about the peer review process in order to maximize the success of publishing in scientific journals. Therefore, we have organized a career development session that will elucidate the peer review process and provide effective tools to be able to write, review, and publish high quality scientific manuscripts. Experienced speakers will discuss: 1) how to select a journal; 2) who the reviewers are and what they look for; 3) how to effectively respond to reviewers; and 4) how to be a constructive reviewer.

PhD Amira Klip (University of Toronto, The Hospital for Sick Children Programme in Cell Biology); PhD Greg L Florant (Colorado State University); PhD Michael J Ryan (University of Mississippi Medical Center)

2009-04-20

225

Peer Review in a Post-Eprints World: A Proposal  

PubMed Central

Recently, a number of electronic biomedical preprints servers, which allow the archiving of electronic papers without prior peer review, have been established, most notably the Clinical Medicine & Health Research NetPrints website and the The Lancet's Electronic Research Archive. These mark an extension to clinical medicine and health research of a novel experiment in the provision of public access to electronic versions of preprints. However, until now the biomedical community has been slow to adopt this new form of communication. This paper discusses how the value and attractiveness of eprint servers can be improved, and how electronic preprints (eprints, NetPrints) can be evaluated. Previous studies of variations in rejection rates after conventional peer review have indicated that the extent of scholarly consensus is an important variable for acceptance. This variable seems likely also to be important in readers' and editors' evaluations of eprints. A combination of unsolicited comments together with commissioned review might yield articles of higher quality than either could accomplish alone. However, if systematically applied to all eprints, such a process would be time-consuming and labor-intensive. A sequential review process is proposed, beginning with the acceptance of a preprint by an eprint server, followed by revision on the basis of comments received publicly or privately, and by the solicitation of selected eprints for commissioned review. This sequential process could have advantages, both for the authors of articles, and for journal editors. For example, the eprint would, in effect, have been submitted simultaneously to a large number of relevant journals. Some issues about evaluative studies of the outcomes of eprint submissions are also considered briefly. It would be particularly valuable if every eprint server included access to comparative statistics on visits by readers to individual eprints. PMID:11720937

2000-01-01

226

Negotiation on the assessment of research articles with academic reviewers: application of peer-review approach of teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study provides an insight into the dominant negotiation processes that occur between the authors of research articles\\u000a and academic reviewers at the peer reviewing stage. Data of reviewers comments and authors responses on 32 science and engineering\\u000a based journal articles covering four decision categories (accept as is, accept with minor revisions, major revisions and reject)\\u000a were collected. A commonly

Prashant Kumar; Imran Rafiq; Boulent Imam

227

SCDAP/RELAP5 independent peer review  

SciTech Connect

The SCDAP/RELAP5 code has been developed for best-estimate transient simulation of light-water-reactor coolant systems during severe accidents. The newest version of the code is SCDAP/RELAP5/MOD3. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) decided that there was a need for a broad technical review of the code by recognized experts to determine overall technical adequacy, even though the code is still under development. For this purpose, an eight-member SCDAP/RELAP5 Peer Review Committee was organized, and the outcome of the review should help the NRC prioritize future code-development activity. Because the code is designed to be mechanistic, the Committee used a higher standard for technical adequacy than was employed in the peer review of the parametric MELCOR code. The Committee completed its review of the SCDAP/RELAP5 code, and the findings are documented in this report. Based on these findings, recommendations in five areas are provided: (1) phenomenological models, (2) code-design objectives, (3) code-targeted applications, (4) other findings, and (5) additional recommendations.

Corradini, M.L. (Wisconsin Univ., Madison, WI (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering); Dhir, V.K. (Dhir, (V.K.) Santa Monica, CA (United States)); Haste, T.J. (AEA Technology, Winfrith (United Kingdom)); Heames, T.J. (Science Applications, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)); Jenks, R.P. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)); Kelly, J.E. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM

1993-01-01

228

Shared Journaling as Peer Support in Teaching Qualitative Research Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching qualitative research methods (QRM), particularly early on in one's academic career, can be challenging. This paper describes shared peer journaling as one way in which to cope with challenges such as complex debates in the field and student resistance to interpretive paradigms. Literature on teaching QRM and the pedagogical value of

Humble, Aine M.; Sharp, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

229

Implementing peer review: guidelines for managers and staff.  

PubMed

The performance appraisal process is a key component of professional nursing practice. The peer review process is referred to frequently in Magnet Nursing Standards as a key element in professional nursing. The peer review process allows professionals from common practice areas to systematically assess, monitor, make judgments, and provide feedback to peers by comparing actual practice to established standards. Peer review can engage a multigenerational workforce and lead to more satisfied, engaged employees. As a component of the annual performance appraisal, peer review can create positive relationships, foster a better work environment, and allow peers to increase individual and group accountability. Peer review has many common elements that can be individualized to fit any type of unit or work culture. This article describes how to design, implement, and evaluate a unit-based peer review program. The content and steps outlined are intended to support nurse managers in implementing unit-specific peer review programs by focusing on existing expertise and best practices. The implementation steps are divided into 5 phases describing the introduction of concepts and getting nurses engaged, implementation guidelines, piloting the process, staff education, and ongoing evaluation. Staff involvement is the key to a successful unit-based peer review process. PMID:19546745

Davis, Karen K; Capozzoli, Joe; Parks, Joyce

2009-01-01

230

Commercial Lighting Solutions, Webtool Peer Review Report  

SciTech Connect

The Commercial Lighting Solutions (CLS) project directly supports the U.S. Department of Energys Commercial Building Energy Alliance efforts to design high performance buildings. CLS creates energy efficient best practice lighting designs for widespread use, and they are made available to users via an interactive webtool that both educates and guides the end user through the application of the Lighting Solutions. This report summarizes the peer review of the beta version of the CLS webtool, which contains retail box lighting solutions. The methodology for the peer review process included data collection (stakeholder input), analysis of the comments, and organization of the input into categories for prioritization of the comments against a set of criteria. Based on this process, recommendations were developed about which feedback should be addressed for the release of version 1.0 of the webtool at the Lightfair conference in New York City in May 2009. Due to the volume of data (~500 comments) the methodology for addressing the peer review comments was central to the success of the ultimate goal of improving the tool. The comments were first imported into a master spreadsheet, and then grouped and organized in several layers. Solutions to each comment were then rated by importance and feasibility to determine the practicality of resolving the concerns of the commenter in the short-term or long-term. The rating system was used as an analytical tool, but the results were viewed thoughtfully to ensure that they were not the sole the factor in determining which comments were recommended for near-term resolution. The report provides a list of the top ten most significant and relevant improvements that will be made within the webtool for version 1.0 as well as appendices containing the short-term priorities in additional detail. Peer review comments that are considered high priority by the reviewers and the CLS team but cannot be completed for Version 1.0 are listed as long-term recommendations.

Jones, Carol C.; Meyer, Tracy A.

2009-06-17

231

Peer Review Summary Document (1/13/2011)  

E-print Network

Peer Review Summary Document (1/13/2011) Peer Review Plan Regional Groundwater-Flow Model]. Title and Authorship of Information Product Disseminated Regional Groundwater-Flow Model of the Redwall Arizona, groundwater modeling, and construction of Northern Arizona groundwater models. Reviewer #1 also

Torgersen, Christian

232

Developmental Classroom Personality and Response to Peer Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses whether written or oral peer review is more successful in developmental composition courses. Concludes that while oral reviews are generally preferred by intermediate developmental students, the success of peer review depends on the conglomerate personality of the class itself, based on the students' writing ability, self-concept,

McAlexander, Patricia J

2000-01-01

233

ForPeerReview For peer review only. Do not cite.  

E-print Network

Evolving on Phylo- genetic Trees Without Assuming Neutrality or Gradualism Michael G. Elliot* and Arne ? maximization algorithm for rapidly obtaining the maximum posterior probability ancestral state reconstructionPeerReview Only Statistical models of the evolutionary process are fundamental to hypothe- sis testing

Mooers, Arne

234

Mentoring Academic Journal Reviewers: Brokering Reviewing Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on an ongoing programme to develop new academic journal reviewers through mentoring. It analyses data from correspondence between experienced reviewer/mentors and new reviewer/mentees at an online journal. With the overlying objective of improving internal review quality, the mentoring programme has been initiated to raise

Adamson, John

2012-01-01

235

Building trust in peer-to-peer systems: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The decentralised, cooperative and self-organising nature of Peer-to-Peer (P2P) systems help to mitigate and even overcome many challenges which overwhelm the traditional client-server approaches. On the other hand, these very characteristics also introduce some novel issues in P2P environments. One of the critical issues is how to build the trust relationship within P2P systems. In this paper, we first discuss

Bo Zhu; Sushil Jajodia; Mohan S. Kankanhalli

2006-01-01

236

Office of Inspector General audit report on the Department of Energy`s peer review practices  

SciTech Connect

Fulfilling the requirements of the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993 has presented Federal science agencies with the challenge of defining ways to quantify and evaluate the outcomes of research. Measuring research program performance is particularly important for the Department of Energy because of its substantial investment (approximately $7 billion in Fiscal Year 1996) in research and development activities. The Research Roundtable, in 1995, observed that the results of research could be evaluated using the performance indicators of relevance, productivity, and quality. One method for doing so is formal, objective evaluation by independent reviewers, or peer review. The objective of the audit was to determine whether the Department had established and was managing a peer review process for evaluating scientific and technical projects. It was found that peer reviews were conducted prior to competitive award of subcontracts, selection of projects from research proposals, and inclusion in scientific journals and/or conferences. In addition, the Department and the laboratories, in response to the government Performance and Results Act and performance-based contracting, had incorporated peer review into the laboratories` annual performance self-assessment process. The results of these reviews were used to determine program direction, obtain input on ongoing programs, and prioritize funding for laboratory and Departmental research activities. This report does not include any recommendations since the laboratories had established processes in accordance with Office of Management and Budget and Departmental peer review requirements.

NONE

1998-04-01

237

Peer Review Summary Document (08/23/2012)  

E-print Network

Peer Review Summary Document (08/23/2012) Peer Review Plan http://www.usgs Survey (USGS) Oregon Water Science Center since 1990. Over 27 years of professional experience simulation of regional-scale groundwater flow systems, quantification of groundwater and surface

Torgersen, Christian

238

Peer Review Summary Document (12/2/2011)  

E-print Network

of Groundwater. Nearly 28 years of professional experience with the USGS, as well as an MS degree fromPeer Review Summary Document (12/2/2011) Peer Review Plan Coupled Groundwater Flow and Management of Information Product Disseminated Groundwater Simulation and Management Models for the Upper Klamath Basin

Torgersen, Christian

239

A Reciprocal Peer Review System to Support College Students' Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As students' problem-solving processes in writing are rarely observed in face-to-face instruction, they have few opportunities to participate collaboratively in peer review to improve their texts. This study reports the design of a reciprocal peer review system for students to observe and learn from each other when writing. A sample of 95

Yang, Yu-Fen

2011-01-01

240

Hints and Tips for Addressing Accommodations Issues for Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A peer review process is used by the U.S. Department of Education to determine whether states are meeting requirements for funds that they receive. Starting in 2004, a peer review process was initiated on states' standards and assessments. Several of the criteria attend to accommodations and their effects. This report summarizes the key

Christensen, Laurene L.; Lail, Kathryn E.; Thurlow, Martha L.

2007-01-01

241

Using Peer Review to Improve Student Writing in Business Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student peer review has proven an effective technique for improving student writing in both English and business communication classes, yet the technique is not widely used in business courses other than business communication. In this article, the author discusses using student peer review in business classes to improve students' final written

Rieber, Lloyd J.

2006-01-01

242

Peer Review Improves the Quality of MCQ Examinations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to assess the effect of the introduction of peer review processes on the quality of multiple-choice examinations in the first three years of an Australian medical course. The impact of the peer review process and overall quality assurance (QA) processes were evaluated by comparing the examination data generated in earlier

Malau-Aduli, Bunmi S.; Zimitat, Craig

2012-01-01

243

Peer Review Summary Document (7/30/2012)  

E-print Network

.gov/peer_review/docs/groundwater_quality_fayetteville_shale.pdf [17 KB PDF]. Title and Authorship of Information Product Disseminated Investigation of Shallow of unconventional oil and gas development at the John Wesley Powell Center for Analysis and Synthesis. Peer Reviewer of climate and atmospheric deposition on Rocky Mountain glaciers to groundwater flow and geochemistry

Torgersen, Christian

244

The Great Fossil Fiasco: Teaching about Peer Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a lesson that engages middle school students in learning about peer review. Uses the article "Archaeoraptor Fossil Trail," which was published in the November, 1999 issue of "National Geographic" as an example of a real life story of how peer review forces scientists to critically re-examine a fossil discovery. (SOE)

Gift, Nancy; Krasny, Marianne

2003-01-01

245

Procedures for peer review assessments. [Contains copies of all forms used in Peer Review Assessments  

SciTech Connect

The Office of Program Analysis (OPA) conducts peer review assessments of Department of Energy (DOE) research and development. The reviews are performed by examining individual projects which comprise a program and by assessing the quality of the research, quality of the research team, productivity, probability of success, and mission relevance for each project reviewed. To carry out the assessment, OPA assembles panels of scientific and technical experts to evaluate individual projects. A number of panels are assembled so that all the topics which make up the program being assessed are covered. Each panel consists of five to nine reviewers together with an Executive Secretary from OPA who acts much as a parliamentarian during the review. OPA chooses the reviewers and Chairperson for each panel after obtaining recommendations from the research Program Managers and the Principal Investigators of the projects to be reviewed. OPA also conducts its own independent search for the best qualified candidates from academia, industry, Government laboratories, and other sources.

Not Available

1993-01-01

246

7 CFR 3405.16 - Access to peer review information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...CSREES will, upon request, inform the project director of the reasons for its decision...of summary reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be made available to respective project directors upon specific...

2011-01-01

247

7 CFR 3405.16 - Access to peer review information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...CSREES will, upon request, inform the project director of the reasons for its decision...of summary reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be made available to respective project directors upon specific...

2010-01-01

248

7 CFR 3406.23 - Access to peer review information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...request, inform the principal investigator/project director of the reasons for its decision...of summary reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be made...the respective principal investigator/project directors upon specific...

2011-01-01

249

7 CFR 3406.23 - Access to peer review information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...request, inform the principal investigator/project director of the reasons for its decision...of summary reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be made...the respective principal investigator/project directors upon specific...

2010-01-01

250

Making Teaching Community Property: A Menu for Peer Collaboration and Peer Review. AAHE Teaching Initiative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collection of program descriptions and case studies in college faculty peer collaboration and peer review includes: "Setting a Scholarly Tone: Teaching Circles in the History Department at Kent State University"; "Fostering Collective Responsibility for Student Learning: Teaching Seminars in the University of North Carolina at Charlotte

Hutchings, Pat

251

International Perspectives on Peer Harassment. Book Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that Juvonen and Graham's edited work brings together perspectives on peer harassment from eight different countries in articles ranging from a focus on the individual as victim or bully to group processes that support peer harassment in school, and theoretical perspectives. Considers the book valuable for scholars interested in peer

Lemerise, Elizabeth A.

2002-01-01

252

Peer review and the web: the implications of electronic peer review for biomedical authors, referees and learned society publishers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet provides researchers with exciting new opportunities for finding information and communicating with each other. However the process of peer review is something of a Cinderella in all this. Peer review in biomedical disciplines is still largely carried out using hard copy and the postal system even if the authors text files are used for the production of the

D. J. Wood

1998-01-01

253

ForPeerReview Vestibular inputs to human motion-sensitive visual cortex  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Vestibular inputs to human motion-sensitive visual cortex Journal: Cerebral Cortex, Psychology Keywords: fMRI, galvanic vestibular stimulation, hMST, PIVC, V6 Cerebral Cortex #12;For in both hMST and CSv. Page 2 of 38Cerebral Cortex 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22

Sheldon, Nathan D.

254

ForPeerReview Channel formation by flow stripping: large-scale scour features along the  

E-print Network

East Channel and their relation to sediment waves Journal: Sedimentology Manuscript ID: SED-2005-OM-049 1 of 63 Sedimentology #12;ForPeerReview Monterey East ms -- 2005 June 13, 2005 1 Channel formation it Page 2 of 63Sedimentology 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29

Parker, Gary

255

Page 1 of 2 Journalism Peer Helper  

E-print Network

experiences. Future components will include: social media, video and mobile applications. Overall judgment Excellent oral and written communication skills In good academic standing ­ minimum 2.8 GPA through journalism BENEFITS: Gain writing and interview skills Gain skills in research and project

de Leon, Alex R.

256

A Peer Review Process for Games and Software  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A peer-review process for assessing the contribution of artifacts, such as games and software to research, is proposed. Games and software produced as research output by academics tend to be accredited within their institution through discussion of the artifact, rather than directly. An independent judgment by peers confirming an artifact's

Mallon, Bride

2008-01-01

257

Peer Mentoring for Health Behavior Change: A Systematic Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Peer mentoring can be a powerful complement to health instruction. Mentoring has been used to change health behaviors and promote sustainable lifestyle patterns in adults and, more recently, among adolescents. Purpose: This article reviews the use of peer mentoring to promote health practices and describes how this approach can be used

Petosa, R. L.; Smith, Laureen H.

2014-01-01

258

Peer-Reviewed Publication of Clinical Trials Completed for Pediatric Exclusivity  

PubMed Central

Context Much of pediatric drug use is off-label because appropriate pediatric studies have not been conducted and the drugs have not been labeled by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in children. In 1997, Congress authorized FDA to grant extensions of marketing rights known as pediatric exclusivity if FDA-requested pediatric trials were conducted. As a result, there have been over 100 product labeling changes. The publication status of studies completed for pediatric exclusivity has not been evaluated. Objective To quantify the dissemination of results of studies conducted for pediatric exclusivity into the peer-review literature. Design Cohort study of all trials conducted for Pediatric Exclusivity, the subsequent labeling changes, and the publication of those studies in peer-reviewed journals. We categorized each study in the exclusivity application as successful or unsuccessful based on FDA approval of the indication sought by the sponsor. We categorized any labeling changes resulting from the studies as positive or negative for the drug under study. We then evaluated aspects of the studies and product label changes that were associated with subsequent publication in peer-reviewed medical journals. Main Outcome Measures Publication of the trial data in peer-reviewed journals. Results Between 1998 and 2004, 253 studies were submitted to FDA for pediatric exclusivity: 50% evaluated efficacy, 20% were multi-dose pharmacokinetic, 13% were single-dose pharmacokinetic, and 17% were safety studies. Labeling changes were positive for 127/253 (50%) of studies; only 112/253 (44%) were published. Efficacy studies and those with a favorable labeling change were more likely to be published. Of 100 studies resulting in important labeling changes, only 33 were published. Conclusions The pediatric exclusivity program has been successful in encouraging drug studies in children. However, the dissemination of these results in the peer-reviewed literature is limited. The results of these trials and future studies conducted for pediatric exclusivity should be published in peer-reviewed journals. Mechanisms to more widely disperse this information warrant further evaluation. PMID:16968851

Benjamin, Daniel Kelly; Smith, Philip Brian; Murphy, M. Dianne; Roberts, Rosemary; Mathis, Lisa; Avant, Debbie; Califf, Robert M; Li, Jennifer S.

2009-01-01

259

Adolescent peer group identification and characteristics: A review of the literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study provides an exhaustive review of 44 peer-reviewed quantitative or qualitative data-based peer-reviewed studies completed on adolescent peer group identification. Adolescent peer group identification is one's self-perceived or other-perceived membership in discrete teenage peer groups. The studies reviewed suggest that adolescent peer groups consist of five general categories differentiable by lifestyle characteristics: Elites, Athletes, Academics, Deviants, and Others. We

Steve Sussman; Pallav Pokhrel; Richard D. Ashmore; B. Bradford Brown

2007-01-01

260

Chinese Medicine BioMed Central Editorial Chinese Medicine: a peer-reviewed open access journal for evidence-led Chinese medicine  

E-print Network

which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. What is Chinese Medicine? The new journal, Chinese Medicine (CM), is a peerreviewed, open access, international, interdisciplinary and scholarly journal in Chinese medicine. CM aims to provide evidence-led force for the advancement of Chinese medicine research. CM is the official journal of the International Society for Chinese Medicine (ISCM) [1] with academic support from leading research institutes as its members and financial support from the Macao Foundation of the Macao Special Administrative Region, China. Chinese Medicine will serve as an unbiased and non-commercial platform for publishing advanced Chinese medicine research. An open access online version of CM is published by BioMed Central (BMC) [2], a London-based

Hin Wing Yeung; Hin Wing Yeung

2006-01-01

261

Scottish Universities Physics Alliance Peer Reviewed  

E-print Network

Siddick, MM; Ackland, GJ; Morrison, CA JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS Vol. 125, Is. 6, 64707, (2006) #12; Romano, M; Schurmann, D; Somorjai, E; Strieder, F; Terrasi, F EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL A Vol. 28, Is. 3 EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL A Vol. 27, Is. 2, 183-186, (2006) Low-lyi

Strathclyde, University of

262

Conflicts of interest in biomedical publications: considerations for authors, peer reviewers, and editors  

PubMed Central

This article overviews evidence on common instances of conflict of interest (COI) in research publications from general and specialized fields of biomedicine. Financial COIs are viewed as the most powerful source of bias, which may even distort citation outcomes of sponsored publications. The urge to boost journal citation indicators by stakeholders of science communication is viewed as a new secondary interest, which may compromize the interaction between authors, peer reviewers, and editors. Comprehensive policies on disclosure of financial and non-financial COIs in scholarly journals are presented as proxies of their indexing in evidence-based databases, and examples of successful medical journals are discussed in detail. Reports on clinical trials, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and clinical practice guidelines may be unduly influenced by author-pharmaceutical industry relations, but these publications do not always contain explicit disclosures to allow the readers to judge the reliability of the published conclusions and practice-changing recommendations. The article emphasizes the importance of adhering to the guidance on COI from learned associations such as the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). It also considers joint efforts of authors, peer reviewers, and editors as a foundation for appropriately defining and disclosing potential COIs. PMID:24382859

Gasparyan, Armen Yuri; Ayvazyan, Lilit; Akazhanov, Nurbek A.; Kitas, George D.

2013-01-01

263

The More You Know: The Impact of Publication and Peer-Review Experience on Psychology Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The New School Psychology Bulletin (NSPB) is a peer-reviewed journal operated by clinical psychology graduate students. Forty-four members of the editorial board and 27 authors were surveyed before and after working with NSPB. Results of the survey demonstrated that experience with the publication process resulted in quantitative decreases in

Doran, Jennifer M.; Somerville, William; Harlem-Siegel, Jessica; Steele, Howard

2014-01-01

264

Peer-reviewed manuscript of the article published in Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry, 2010, 8, 864-872  

E-print Network

Peer-reviewed manuscript of the article published in Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry, 2010, 8, 864-872 Reproduced by permission of The Royal Society of Chemistry http://www.rsc.org/publishing/journals/OB/article,version1-11Sep2010 Author manuscript, published in "Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry / Organic

Boyer, Edmond

265

Computer-Mediated Peer Review of Student Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Barriers to peer review of student work can be overcome using computer-mediated systems ranging from customized software to e-mail, multiuser object-oriented systems (MOOs), and Web-based projects. (SK)

Sullivan, Dave; Brown, Carol E.; Nielson, Norma L.

1998-01-01

266

42 CFR 67.103 - Peer review of contract proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING AGENCY FOR HEALTH CARE POLICY AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Peer Review of Contracts for Health Services Research,...

2013-10-01

267

42 CFR 67.103 - Peer review of contract proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING AGENCY FOR HEALTH CARE POLICY AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Peer Review of Contracts for Health Services Research,...

2012-10-01

268

42 CFR 67.103 - Peer review of contract proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING AGENCY FOR HEALTH CARE POLICY AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Peer Review of Contracts for Health Services Research,...

2010-10-01

269

42 CFR 67.103 - Peer review of contract proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING AGENCY FOR HEALTH CARE POLICY AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Peer Review of Contracts for Health Services Research,...

2011-10-01

270

Designing Peer Review for Pedagogical Success: What Can We Learn from Professional Science?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article compares peer review in professional versus education settings, summarizing key aspects of scientific peer review and reflecting on how these relate to the process as experienced by students. Consideration of professional peer review benefits educators in two ways. First, systems used for student peer review can employ some of the

Trautmann, Nancy M.

2009-01-01

271

Meet the NIH Peer Review Experts Webinar Have a question today?  

E-print Network

Welcome! Meet the NIH Peer Review Experts Webinar Have a question today? Send it to askexperts Successful? Peer Review · Focus is on funding ideas not institutions. · Ideas spring from local researchers staff are separated. · Scientists manage the peer review process. #12;NIH Peer Review System for Grant

Lee, Dongwon

272

The JSC Engineering Directorate Product Peer Review Process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The JSC Engineering Directorate has developed a Product Peer Review process in support of NASA policies for project management and systems engineering. The process complies with the requirements of NPR 7120.5, NPR 7123.1 and NPR 7150.2 and follows the guidance in NASA/SP-2007-6105. This presentation will give an overview of the process followed by a brief demonstration of an actual peer review, with audience participation.

Jenks, Kenneth C.

2009-01-01

273

Comparing Peer Review and Self-Review as Ways to Improve College Students' Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effect of three approaches to revision instruction on 61 college students' revision behavior and writing quality was investigated for this article. Students wrote three 5-page papers and received one of three instructional approaches: Formal Peer Review (n = 19), Formal Self-Review (n = 20), or No Formal Review (n = 22). Formal Peer Review

Covill, Amy E.

2010-01-01

274

Medical students as peer tutors: a systematic review  

PubMed Central

Background While Peer Assisted Learning (PAL) has long occurred informally in medical education, in the past ten years, there has been increasing international interest in formally organised PAL, with many benefits for both the students and institutions. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to establish why and how PAL has been implemented, focussing on the recruitment and training process for peer tutors, the benefits for peer tutors, and the competency of peer tutors. Method A literature search was conducted in three electronic databases. Selection of titles and abstracts were made based on pre-determined eligibility criteria. We utilized the AMEE Peer assisted learning: a planning and implementation framework: AMEE Guide no. 30 to assist us in establishing the review aims in a systematic review of the literature between 2002 and 2012. Six key questions were developed and used in our analysis of particular aspects of PAL programs within medical degree programs. Results We found nineteen articles that satisfied our inclusion criteria. The PAL activities fell into three broad categories of teacher training, peer teaching and peer assessment. Variability was found in the reporting of tutor recruitment and training processes, tutor outcomes, and tutor competencies. Conclusion Results from this review suggest that there are many perceived learning benefits for student tutors. However, there were mixed results regarding the accuracy of peer assessment and feedback, and no substantial evidence to conclude that participation as a peer tutor improves ones own examination performance. Further research into PAL in medicine is required if we are to better understand the relative impact and benefits for student tutors. PMID:24912500

2014-01-01

275

Peer-review in a world with rational scientists: Toward selection of the average  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is widely believed that one of the virtues of peer review is that it provides a self-regulating selection mechanism for scientific work, papers and projects. Peer review as a selection mechanism is hard to evaluate in terms of its efficiency. Serious efforts to understand its strengths and weaknesses have not yet lead to conclusive answers. In theory peer review works if the involved parties (editors and referees) conform to a set of requirements, such as love for high quality science, objectiveness, and absence of biases, nepotism, friend and clique networks, selfishness, etc. If these requirements are violated, what is the effect on the selection of high quality work? We study this question with a simple agent based model. In particular we are interested in the effects of rational referees, who might not have any incentive to see high quality work other than their own published or promoted. We find that a small fraction of incorrect (selfish or rational) referees is sufficient to drastically lower the quality of the published (accepted) scientific standard. We determine the fraction for which peer review will no longer perform better than pure chance. Decline of quality of accepted scientific work is shown as a function of the fraction of rational and unqualified referees. We show how a simple quality-increasing policy of e.g. a journal can lead to additional loss in overall scientific quality, and how mutual support-networks of authors and referees deteriorate the system.

Thurner, S.; Hanel, R.

2011-12-01

276

[Comment on ``Implementing the peer review process in AGU publications'' and on ``The peer review process in JGR-Space Physics''] GRL peer review process  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent publication in Eos of communications from P. J. Baum and A. J. Dessler (October 23, 1984, p. 770) and B. . O. Sonnerup (December 25, 1984, p. 1242) about the peer review process has stimulated us to contribute to the discussion this statement of the editorial philosophy and practice of Geophysical Research Letters (GRL). GRL is, of course,

James C. G. Walker; Rob van der Voo

1985-01-01

277

Public Peer-Review: effectiveness and perspectives of transparency and self-regulation in scientific quality assurance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The traditional ways of scholarly publishing and peer-review do not live up to the needs of efficient communication and quality assurance in today's rapidly developing and highly diverse world of science. Substantial improvement can be achieved by an open access two-stage publication process with interactive peer-review and public discussion. It enables rapid publication and dissemination of new results in discussion papers followed by thorough and transparent peer-review which is open for input from the scientific community (permanently archived and fully citable), and it leads to final revised papers with maximum quality assurance and information density. This approach has been successfully realized and applied in a series of interactive open access journals launched and operated by EGU and the professional publisher Copernicus since 2001. The aims, achievements and perspectives of the EGU interactive open access journals and the perspectives of interactive open access publishing and public peer-review will be outlined and discussed. Reference: U. Pschl, Interactive journal concept for improved scientific publishing and quality assurance, Learned Publishing, 17, 105-113, 2004.

Pschl, Ulrich

2010-05-01

278

Bias in Peer Review of Organic Farming Grant Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer reviews of 84 organic farming grant applications from Sweden were analyzed to determine whether the reviewers affiliation\\u000a to one of two types of agriculture (i.e., organic and conventional) influenced their reviews. Fifteen reviewers were divided\\u000a into three groups: (1) scientists with experience in organic farming research; (2) scientists with no experience in organic\\u000a farming research; and (3) users of

Jesper Rasmussen; Vibeke Langer; Hugo Fjelsted Alre

2006-01-01

279

Genetics and Peer Relations: A Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers have become increasingly interested in uncovering how genetic factors work together with the peer environment in influencing development. This article offers an overview of the state of knowledge. It first describes the different types of gene-environment correlations (rGE) and gene-environment interactions (GxE) that are of relevance

Brendgen, Mara

2012-01-01

280

A Web-Based Interface for Student Peer Review, Problem-Based Learning, and Peer Pressure  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Because many students in land-grant colleges focus their studies in the natural sciences, they often find the writing assignments associated with classes in the social science of natural resource management to be especially challenging. Such writing assignments tend to depend on argumentation, rather than finding the answer, or controlled experimentation. This paper describes developing and implementing a web-based interface for a course in environmental law to overcome some of these difficulties. In a problem-based learning context, the interface promotes student peer review, which improves argumentation. Data suggest that students are comfortable learning in groups and that learning becomes easier when coupled with group activities, including peer review through the interface. In addition, the quality of student argumentation is found to improve through peer pressure.

Duke, Joshua

2003-01-01

281

Critiquing Scholarship as Formal Review: The Role and Responsibilities of Readers for Academic Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the various components of a successful review from the standpoint of a veteran journal editor and encourages, in particular, young scholars to consider, if they have not already done so, becoming active participants not only in the authoring of scholarly work, but also as reviewers in the peer review process that is part of

Nelson, Thomas

2011-01-01

282

A Study of Technical Engineering Peer Reviews at NASA  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report describes the state of practices of design reviews at NASA and research into what can be done to improve peer review practices. There are many types of reviews at NASA: required and not, formalized and informal, programmatic and technical. Standing project formal reviews such as the Preliminary Design Review and Critical Design Review are a required part of every project and mission development. However, the technical, engineering peer reviews that support teams' work on such projects are informal, some times ad hoc, and inconsistent across the organization. The goal of this work is to identify best practices and lessons learned from NASA's experience, supported by academic research and methodologies to ultimately improve the process. This research has determined that the organization, composition, scope, and approach of the reviews impact their success. Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) can identify key areas of concern before or in the reviews. Product definition tools like the Project Priority Matrix, engineering-focused Customer Value Chain Analysis (CVCA), and project or system-based Quality Function Deployment (QFD) help prioritize resources in reviews. The use of information technology and structured design methodologies can strengthen the engineering peer review process to help NASA work towards error-proofing the design process.

Chao, Lawrence P.; Tumer, Irem Y.; Bell, David G.

2003-01-01

283

Journals in Flux Peter J. Olver  

E-print Network

and Responsibilities Editors: · Journal vision and scope · Procedures publicly available · Implement peer review journals vs. rating papers · Impact Factor · Australia, Norway, Brazil, . . . · Peer Review · Math Reviews · Editors · Publishers #12;Rights and Responsibilities Authors: · Careful, unbiased, timely peer review

Keel, Markus

284

Calibrated peer review assignments for the earth sciences  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Calibrated Peer Review ??? (CPR), a web-based instructional tool developed as part of the National Science Foundation reform initiatives in undergraduate science education, allows instructors to incorporate multiple writing assignments in large courses without overwhelming the instructor. This study reports successful implementation of CPR in a large, introductory geology course and student learning of geoscience content. For each CPR assignment in this study, students studied web-based and paper resources, wrote an essay, and reviewed seven essays (three from the instructor, three from peers, and their own) on the topic. Although many students expressed negative attitudes and concerns, particularly about the peer review process of this innovative instructional approach, they also recognized the learning potential of completing CPR assignments. Comparing instruction on earthquakes and plate boundaries using a CPR assignment vs. an instructional video lecture and homework essay with extensive instructor feedback, students mastered more content via CPR instruction.

Rudd, J.A., II; Wang, V.Z.; Cervato, C.; Ridky, R.W.

2009-01-01

285

Final Independent External Peer Review Report Olmsted Locks and Dam 52 and 53 Replacement  

E-print Network

Final Independent External Peer Review Report Olmsted Locks and Dam 52 and 53 Replacement Project Review Report Olmsted Locks and Dam 52 and 53 Replacement Project Updated Cost Estimate Peer Review and Dam 52 and 53 Replacement Project Updated Cost Estimate Peer Review EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Project

US Army Corps of Engineers

286

CES4Health.info: A Web-Based Mechanism for Disseminating Peer-Reviewed Products of Community-Engaged Scholarship--Reflections on Year One  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

CES4Health.info was launched in November 2009 as an online mechanism for peer reviewing and disseminating products of community-engaged scholarship in forms other than journal articles. One year after its launch, the authors conducted an online survey of CES4Health.info contributing authors, reviewers, and users of published products. Early

Jordan, Catherine; Gelmon, Sherril; Ryan, Katharine; Seifer, Sarena D.

2012-01-01

287

45 CFR 60.10 - Reporting negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private accreditation...negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private accreditation...physician, dentist, or entity by a peer review organization or private...

2010-10-01

288

Factors associated with social interactions between deaf children and their hearing peers: a systematic literature review.  

PubMed

Research indicates that deaf children can have marked social difficulties compared with their hearing peers. Factors that influence these social interactions need to be reviewed to inform interventions. A systematic search of 5 key databases and 3 specialized journals identified 14 papers that met the inclusion criteria. Methodological quality of the articles was assessed using an adapted checklist. There was a general lack of consensus across studies. The main factors investigated were the deaf child's communication competency, age, and level of mainstreaming, which overall were positively associated with peer interactions. Some studies also found that females were more likely to have positive social interactions. The majority of studies were cross-sectional. Some studies lacked appropriate control groups and did not recruit an appropriate range of informants. A wide range of factors were associated with social interactions between deaf and hearing children. The role of communication gained the highest consensus across studies. Other factors were involved in more complex interactions. PMID:24222193

Batten, Georgina; Oakes, Peter M; Alexander, Tim

2014-07-01

289

HOW TO REVIEW A PAPER Dale J. Benos,1  

E-print Network

is essen- tial for making the peer review process valuable and the journal trustworthy. ADV PHYSIOL EDUC 27 submitted to scientific journals, but many of the elements of peer review can be applied to other areas of this article is to define how best to peer review an article. We will stipulate several principles of peer

Hall, Spencer

290

Peer Review Plan Date: 11/26/12  

E-print Network

the results of using a previously published groundwater flow model (USGS SIR 2011-5155) alongPeer Review Plan Date: 11/26/12 Source Center: U.S Geological Survey (USGS) Washington Water Science Center 934 Broadway, Suite 300 Tacoma, WA 98402 Title: Simulated groundwater flow paths to nitrate

Torgersen, Christian

291

Peer Review Plan Date: 7/23/2013  

E-print Network

Peer Review Plan Date: 7/23/2013 Source Center: U.S Geological Survey (USGS) Oregon Water Science Center 2130 SW 5th Ave Portland, OR 97201 Title: Evaluation of Alternative Groundwater an overview of groundwater development issues in the upper Klamath Basin, details the development

Torgersen, Christian

292

Peer Review Plan Date: 4/20/2011  

E-print Network

Peer Review Plan Date: 4/20/2011 Source Center: U.S Geological Survey (USGS) Oregon Water Science Center 2130 SW 5th Ave Portland, OR 97201 Title: Coupled Groundwater Flow and Management Models of a model that simulates regional groundwater flow in the upper Klamath Basin in Oregon and California

Torgersen, Christian

293

Peer Review Plan Date: 02/02/2011  

E-print Network

is the final in a series of 12 USGS reports describing the Yakima River basin groundwater assessment. Like mostPeer Review Plan Date: 02/02/2011 Source Center: U.S Geological Survey (USGS) Washington Water Science Center 934 Broadway, Suite 300 Tacoma, WA 98402 Title: Numerical Simulations of Groundwater Flow

Torgersen, Christian

294

Scientific racism: Reflections on peer review, science and ideology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The scholars who use Social Science & Medicine in their research and teaching, who publish their work in it, participate in its peer review of manuscripts, and attend its conferences belong to various nationalities, disciplines, and cultural traditions. Our common enterprise originated in and depends upon liberal democratic social institutions, and assumes their values. With all our differences and disagreements,

Charles Leslie

1990-01-01

295

Publications on Rural Poverty and Development Peer-Reviewed Articles  

E-print Network

). U.S. Poverty: Poverty and Latino immigration in the United States. United States Geography. ABC Disparities in the United States: The Geography of Emergency Care and Telemedical Technology. NetworksPublications on Rural Poverty and Development Peer-Reviewed Articles Davis J., López-Carr D. (2014

Lopez-Carr, David

296

June 24, 2013 Final Independent External Peer Review Report  

E-print Network

and Environmental Impact Statement Lake Worth Inlet, Palm Beach Harbor Prepared by Battelle Memorial Institute on the Draft Integrated Feasibility Report and Environmental Impact Statement Lake Worth Inlet, Palm Beach Peer Review Report on the Draft Integrated Feasibility Report and Environmental Impact Statement Lake

US Army Corps of Engineers

297

Training in EPSRC peer review procedures, the "Mock Panel"  

E-print Network

. These are a useful and enjoyable way for researchers to more fully understand the peer review mechanisms and how their research proposals will be assessed by EPSRC. This exercise offers the opportunity to experience, at first with the permission of the authors, you are asked to respect confidentiality and return them after the exercise. We

Meju, Max

298

Collaborative Learning through Formative Peer Review with Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a collaboration between a mathematician and a compositionist who developed a sequence of collaborative writing assignments for calculus. This sequence of developmentally appropriate assignments presents peer review as a collaborative process that promotes reflection, deepens understanding, and improves exposition. First, we

Eaton, Carrie Diaz; Wade, Stephanie

2014-01-01

299

Teacher Immediacy: Reflections on a Peer Review of Teaching Scheme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a qualitative approach drawing on the experiences of four HE lecturers, this study provides an exploration of and insights into a peer review of teaching (PRT) scheme, which focused on teacher immediacy and communication skills. Within the United Kingdom, limited research has been undertaken in relation to teacher immediacy even though

Nixon, Sarah; Vickerman, Philip; Maynard, Carol

2010-01-01

300

Peer Reviewed Movements and Survival of Juvenile Greater  

E-print Network

Peer Reviewed Movements and Survival of Juvenile Greater Sage-Grouse in Southeastern Idaho JEFFREY contributing to declines in greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) populations. We evaluated movements and survival of 58 radiomarked juvenile greater sage-grouse from 1 September (!10 weeks of age) to 29 March

Beck, Jeffrey L.

301

Peer Review Summary 8/13/2014 (Updated)  

E-print Network

/peer_review/docs/resistance_and_resilience_concepts_sagebrush_eco system_sage-grouse.pdf [18.3 KB]. Title and Authorship of Information Product Disseminated Using on the Sagebrush Ecosystem and Sage-Grouse�A Strategic Multi-Scale Approach, By Jeanne C. Chambers, David A. Pyke to Sage-grouse habitat modeling, disturbance ecology, and sagebrush and sage steppe fire and fuels

302

Investigating Mandatory Peer Review of Teaching In Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Accountability agendas are influencing the secondary education sector in Australian schools. Analysis of student achievement, student feedback mechanisms and personal reflection are forming part of these agendas as methods of teacher evaluation. Additionally, and more recently, teacher evaluation through "peer review" is emerging as a

Brix, Jacinta; Grainger, Peter; Hill, Angela

2014-01-01

303

Quality assurance, documentation, and peer review by home birth CNMs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The unique characteristics of home birth practice for certified nurse-widwives (CNMs) are applied to a quality assurance program. This article explores the multiple purposes, benefits, and elements of documentation as they specifically apply to home birth. The steps of documentation for a home birth practice are outlined and the three current models to consider in setting up positive peer review

M. Elisa Morales; Sandra Maliszewski; Margaret Greenless

1995-01-01

304

REVIEWSA PEER REVIEWED FORUM Germline Cell Formation and Gonad  

E-print Network

a REVIEWS­A PEER REVIEWED FORUM Germline Cell Formation and Gonad Regeneration in Solitary as a molecular marker, germline precursor cells can be traced back to the embryonic posterior-most blastomeres obscure in the tail. Recent evidence suggests that ascidian germ cells can regenerate from cells other

Villefranche sur mer

305

Doing More with Less: Effective Research and Peer Review  

EPA Science Inventory

This short discourse is an excerpt from the Founders Award address presented by Dr. Ankley last fall at the Annual SETAC meeting in Tampa, FL. In it he discusses the importance of knowing when to quit pursuing a line of research, and the importance of peer review....

306

Peer Reviewed Estimating Probabilities of Detection for Bat  

E-print Network

Peer Reviewed Estimating Probabilities of Detection for Bat Echolocation Calls: An Application, but recorder-based surveys have not measured differences in detection probability quantitatively. A recently developed avian survey technique uses 2 observers at a site to estimate the probability of detection

Swihart, Robert K. "Rob"

307

Peer Reviewed Potential Effects of Livestock Water-Trough  

E-print Network

Peer Reviewed Potential Effects of Livestock Water-Trough Modifications on Bats in Northern Arizona In the southwestern United States, livestock water troughs may be the only water source available to bats during dry seasons or periods of drought. We found that 38% of the 90 livestock water troughs we surveyed in northern

Theimer, Tad

308

Peer Reviewers' Dilemmas: Values Antinomies when Evaluating Higher Education Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whenever evaluations are done, there are antinomies of interests both within and between stakeholders. To account for such antinomies, taxonomy has been developed which will be presented and discussed using the peer review processes in university evaluations as example. The taxonomy contains four dimensions: a) seven values domains are

Patry, Jean-Luc; Gastager, Angela

2012-01-01

309

Position paper - peer review and design verification of selected activities  

SciTech Connect

Position Paper to develop and document a position on the performance of independent peer reviews on selected design and analysis components of the Title I (preliminary) and Title II (detailed) design phases of the Multi-Function Waste Tank Facility project.

Stine, M.D.

1994-09-01

310

How Does Student Peer Review Influence Perceptions, Engagement and Academic Outcomes? A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Involving students in peer review has many pedagogical benefits, but few studies have explicitly investigated relationships between the content of peer reviews, student perceptions and assessment outcomes. We conducted a case study of peer review within a third-year undergraduate subject at a research-intensive Australian university, in which we

Mulder, Raoul; Baik, Chi; Naylor, Ryan; Pearce, Jon

2014-01-01

311

Final Independent External Peer Review Report for the Mississippi River Gulf Outlet Ecosystem  

E-print Network

Final Independent External Peer Review Report for the Mississippi River ­ Gulf Outlet Ecosystem Independent External Peer Review Report for the Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet Ecosystem Restoration Plan PEER REVIEW REPORT for the Mississippi River Gulf-Outlet Ecosystem Restoration Plan Feasibility Study

US Army Corps of Engineers

312

Adapting Peer Review to an Online Course: An Exploratory Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With demonstrated benefits to higher level learning, peer review in the classroom has been well researched and popular since at least the 1990s. However, little or no prior studies exist into the peer review process for online courses. Further, we found no prior research specifically addressing the operational aspects of online peer review. This

Knight, Linda V.; Steinbach, Theresa A.

2011-01-01

313

The Potential of Dual-Language Cross-Cultural Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the potential of dual-language cross-cultural peer review and how it improves on traditional monolingual and monocultural peer review. Drawing on scholarship related to international exchange programmes, peer review, and two-way immersion programmes in the United States as well as data collected while facilitating the

Ruecker, Todd

2011-01-01

314

ForPeerReview Morphological Changes in Intracellular Lipid Droplets Induced by Different  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Morphological Changes in Intracellular Lipid Droplets Induced by Different Hepatitis.) 48, 1 (2008) 16-27" DOI : 10.1002/hep.22288 #12;ForPeerReview 2 FOOTNOTE PAGE Corresponding author,version1-23Jul2008inserm-00304349,version1-23Jul2008 #12;ForPeerReview 3 ABSTRACT Hepatocellular steatosis

Boyer, Edmond

315

Predicting Academics' Willingness to Participate in Peer Review of Teaching: A Quantitative Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review of teaching is a collegial process designed to help academics reflect on and improve their teaching practice. Considerable research supports the value of peer review of teaching. However, uptake of voluntary programs is typically low. Few studies have examined the predictors of engagement in voluntary peer review. This study surveyed

White, Kiri; Boehm, Emilia; Chester, Andrea

2014-01-01

316

34 CFR 350.52 - What is the composition of a peer review panel?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...What is the composition of a peer review panel? 350.52 Section 350.52 Education...What is the composition of a peer review panel? (a) The Secretary selects as members of a peer review panel scientists and other experts in...

2012-07-01

317

34 CFR 350.52 - What is the composition of a peer review panel?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...What is the composition of a peer review panel? 350.52 Section 350.52 Education...What is the composition of a peer review panel? (a) The Secretary selects as members of a peer review panel scientists and other experts in...

2011-07-01

318

34 CFR 350.52 - What is the composition of a peer review panel?  

...What is the composition of a peer review panel? 350.52 Section 350.52 Education...What is the composition of a peer review panel? (a) The Secretary selects as members of a peer review panel scientists and other experts in...

2014-07-01

319

34 CFR 350.52 - What is the composition of a peer review panel?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...What is the composition of a peer review panel? 350.52 Section 350.52 Education...What is the composition of a peer review panel? (a) The Secretary selects as members of a peer review panel scientists and other experts in...

2013-07-01

320

Peer Review in Class: Metrics and Variations in a Senior Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer reviews are the generally accepted mode of quality assessment in scholarly communities; however, they are rarely used for evaluation at college levels. Over a period of 5 years, we have performed a peer review simulation at a senior level course in molecular genetics at the University of Guelph and have accumulated 393 student peer reviews.

Yankulov, Krassimir; Couto, Richard

2012-01-01

321

January 17, 2012 Department of Educational Psychology Peer-Review Process for Tenured Faculty  

E-print Network

January 17, 2012 Department of Educational Psychology Peer-Review Process for Tenured Faculty peer review of tenured faculty in accordance with University Rule 12.06.99M1, Section 2.1, regarding post-tenure review: "The department process or criteria will clearly state how peer evaluations

Boas, Harold P.

322

Engineering Peer Review June 5-7, 2001 1 FUSION IGNITION  

E-print Network

Engineering Peer Review June 5-7, 2001 1 FUSION IGNITION RESEARCH EXPERIMENT (FIRE) Machine Configuration Tom Brown (PPPL) June 5 ­ 7 , 2001 #12;Engineering Peer Review June 5-7, 2001 2 FIRE Configuration approach. Summary. #12;Engineering Peer Review June 5-7, 2001 3 FIRE Configuration Features Double null

323

Pre-University Chemistry Students in a Mimicked Scholarly Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review is a significant component in scientific research. Introducing peer review into inquiry processes may be regarded as an aim to develop student understanding regarding quality in inquiries. This study examines student understanding in inquiry peer reviews among pre-university chemistry students, aged 16-17, when they enact a design of a

van Rens, Lisette; Hermarij, Philip; Pilot, Albert; Beishuizen, Jos; Hofman, Herman; Wal, Marjolein

2014-01-01

324

34 CFR 350.51 - What is the purpose of peer review?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false What is the purpose of peer review? 350.51 Section 350.51 Education...Make an Award? 350.51 What is the purpose of peer review? The purpose of peer review is to insure that (a) Those...

2010-07-01

325

34 CFR 350.50 - What is the peer review process for this Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false What is the peer review process for this Program? 350...an Award? 350.50 What is the peer review process for this Program? ...by those regulations in this part to a peer review panel established by the...

2010-07-01

326

Women and Peer Review An audit of theWellcomeTrust's  

E-print Network

- ing the number of women in science.1 This was the impetus for an attitudes survey, pub- lishedWomen and Peer Review An audit of theWellcomeTrust's decision-making on grants #12;ThePeerReview An audit of the Wellcome Trust's decision-making on grants PRISM Report No. 8 #12;WOMEN AND PEER REVIEW

Rambaut, Andrew

327

76 FR 4113 - Independent Scientific Peer Review Panel Meeting on an In Vitro  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SERVICES Independent Scientific Peer Review Panel Meeting on an In...of an Independent Scientific Peer Review Panel Meeting on an In...of an independent scientific peer review panel (Panel) to evaluate...Validated assays that can detect the interaction of chemicals with specific...

2011-01-24

328

What Works in Writing with Peer Response? A Review of Intervention Studies with Children and Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer response is viewed as an important aspect of writing instruction. Several meta-studies indicated that peer response is effective. However, these studies did not focus on the specific aspects of peer response that made it effective. The present review analyzes the effects of instructional factors accompanying peer response in 26 studies on

Hoogeveen, Maritte; van Gelderen, Amos

2013-01-01

329

Designing Peer Review for Pedagogical Success: What Can We Learn From Professional Science?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article compares peer review in professional versus education settings, summarizing key aspects of scientific peer review and reflecting on how these relate to the process as experienced by students. Consideration of professional peer review benefits educators in two ways. First, systems used for student peer review can employ some of the same tactics employed in professional science to minimize bias, optimize the impact of reviews, and maximize the quality of final manuscripts. In addition, explicit discussion of relevant aspects of professional peer review introduces students to important aspects of the nature of science.

Trautmann, Nancy M.

2009-03-01

330

Writing a Historical Book Review Writing a historical book review can be different from a standard review, since it must be read and  

E-print Network

the book reviews guide. #12;Another good source for reviews of non-fiction books is peer-reviewed journals topics. Not all peer-reviewed journals have reviews, but the majority of them do. Remember, if you need. Many of these journals include reviews of books that touch on their field. For example, History Today

Abolmaesumi, Purang

331

Looking for the impact of peer review: does count of funding acknowledgements really predict research impact?  

PubMed

A small number of studies have sought to establish that research papers with more funding acknowledgements achieve higher impact and have claimed that such a link exists because research supported by more funding bodies undergoes more peer review. In this paper, a test of this link is made using recently available data from the Web of Science, a source of bibliographic data that now includes funding acknowledgements. The analysis uses 3,596 papers from a single year, 2009, and a single journal, the Journal of Biological Chemistry. Analysis of this data using OLS regression and two ranks tests reveals the link between count of funding acknowledgements and high impact papers to be statistically significant, but weak. It is concluded that count of funding acknowledgements should not be considered a reliable indicator of research impact at this level. Relatedly, indicators based on assumptions that may hold true at one level of analysis may not be appropriate at other levels. PMID:23704798

Rigby, John

2013-01-01

332

How reliable is peer review? An examination of operating grant proposals simultaneously submitted to two similar peer review systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

To determine level of agreement and correlation between two similar but separate peer review systems, proposals simultaneously submitted during the same funding year to two agencies using the same scoring system were identified and analyzed (n = 248). There was a direct linear relationship between the scores of the two agencies (r = 0.592, p < 0.001). Raw agreement within

Corinne Hodgson

1997-01-01

333

Informatica 17 page xxx{yyy 1 An Automatically Refereed Scholarly Electronic Journal: Formal  

E-print Network

, scholarly journals, electronic publishing, peer review, quality control Edited by: Received: Revised journals and peer review The communication mechanism that modern sci- ence still adopts nowadays arose, this situ- ation [1, 2, 7, 11]. A peer reviewed journal can be distributed by electronic means

Mizzaro, Stefano

334

Using Web-Based Discussion Forums as a Model of the Peer-Review Process and a Tool for Assessment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Teaching Resource describes how to use an online asynchronous discussion as a mechanism to introduce students to the peer-review process, as well as to assess student performance and understanding. This method was applied to a graduate course on signal transduction and the Teaching Resource includes a syllabus, detailed plan for incorporating the online discussion, sample journal club questions, and sample student responses to the discussion forum, faculty responses, and student revisions.

Sherry L. Jenkins (Mount Sinai School of Medicine;Department of Pharmacology and Systems Therapeutics REV); Ravi Iyengar (Mount Sinai School of Medicine;Department of Pharmacology and Systems Therapeutics REV); Maria A. Diverse-Pierluissi (Mount Sinai School of Medicine;Department of Pharmacology and Systems Therapeutics REV); Andrew M. Chan (Mount Sinai School of Medicine;Department of Oncological Sciences REV); Lakshmi A. Devi (Mount Sinai School of Medicine;Department of Pharmacology and Systems Therapeutics REV); Eric A. Sobie (Mount Sinai School of Medicine;Department of Pharmacology and Systems Therapeutics REV)

2008-03-04

335

What is it? The Process Reviewing How-To The Peer Review Process  

E-print Network

How-To Motivation Many of you will eventually publish your research results in an academic journal September 16, 2013 Academic Journal Publishing John Stockie � SFU 1/20 #12;What is it? The Process Reviewing journal papers yourself. It is your professional obligation to say "yes" . . . eventually. Academic

Stockie, John

336

PUBLICATIONS Journal Articles (peer-reviewed)  

E-print Network

th Annual Meeting of the Texas Academy of Science, Program and Abstracts. (Platform presentation County, Texas. 116th Annual Meeting of the Texas Academy of Science, Program and Abstracts. (Poster ABSTRACTS Stocker, M. R., Brochu, C. A., and E. C. Kirk. 2013. Spatial and temporal temporal shifts

Yang, Zong-Liang

337

ForPeerReview Geophysical Journal International  

E-print Network

faults. The first, larger rupture was followed by buried slip on a steeper fault in the hanging wall). During the 2010 rupture, seafloor uplift generated tsunamis that caused significant damage locally

338

The post-Gutenberg open access journal The Future of the Academic Journal Chapter 6  

E-print Network

, magazines or newsletters. These journals publish only peer-reviewed scientific and scholarly research the following properties: 1. Peer review: Every article published in these journals is first sent are called `referees' or `peers' and are invited to review the submitted manuscript, determine whether its

Carr, Leslie

339

Submitting a manuscript for peer review--integrity, integrity, integrity.  

PubMed

Publication of a flawed manuscript has significant consequences for the progress of science. When this proves to be intentional, science is brought into disrepute and this puts even more pressure on the shrinking resources that society is prepared to invest in research. All scientific journals, including the Journal of Neurochemistry, have witnessed a marked increase in the number of corrections and retractions of published articles over the last 10 years, and uncovered a depressingly large number of fabrications among submitted manuscripts. The increase in number of 'spoiled' manuscripts reflects not only the improved methods that journals employ to detect plagiarism in its many forms but also suggests a measurable change in the behavior of authors. The increased policing of submissions by reviewers, editors, and publishers expends time and money. The sanctions imposed by journal editors on authors found guilty of malpractice are transparent and severe. PMID:24410543

Murphy, Sean P; Bulman, Christopher; Shariati, Behnam; Hausmann, Laura

2014-02-01

340

Clinical peer review in the United States: History, legal development and subsequent abuse  

PubMed Central

The Joint Commission on Accreditation requires hospitals to conduct peer review to retain accreditation. Despite the intended purpose of improving quality medical care, the peer review process has suffered several setbacks throughout its tenure. In the 1980s, abuse of peer review for personal economic interest led to a highly publicized multimillion-dollar verdict by the United States Supreme Court against the perpetrating physicians and hospital. The verdict led to decreased physician participation for fear of possible litigation. Believing that peer review was critical to quality medical care, Congress subsequently enacted the Health Care Quality Improvement Act (HCQIA) granting comprehensive legal immunity for peer reviewers to increase participation. While serving its intended goal, HCQIA has also granted peer reviewers significant immunity likely emboldening abuses resulting in Sham Peer Reviews. While legal reform of HCQIA is necessary to reduce sham peer reviews, further measures including the need for standardization of the peer review process alongside external organizational monitoring are critical to improving peer review and reducing the prevalence of sham peer reviews. PMID:24914357

Vyas, Dinesh; Hozain, Ahmed E

2014-01-01

341

Clinical peer review in the United States: history, legal development and subsequent abuse.  

PubMed

The Joint Commission on Accreditation requires hospitals to conduct peer review to retain accreditation. Despite the intended purpose of improving quality medical care, the peer review process has suffered several setbacks throughout its tenure. In the 1980s, abuse of peer review for personal economic interest led to a highly publicized multimillion-dollar verdict by the United States Supreme Court against the perpetrating physicians and hospital. The verdict led to decreased physician participation for fear of possible litigation. Believing that peer review was critical to quality medical care, Congress subsequently enacted the Health Care Quality Improvement Act (HCQIA) granting comprehensive legal immunity for peer reviewers to increase participation. While serving its intended goal, HCQIA has also granted peer reviewers significant immunity likely emboldening abuses resulting in Sham Peer Reviews. While legal reform of HCQIA is necessary to reduce sham peer reviews, further measures including the need for standardization of the peer review process alongside external organizational monitoring are critical to improving peer review and reducing the prevalence of sham peer reviews. PMID:24914357

Vyas, Dinesh; Hozain, Ahmed E

2014-06-01

342

Safety Assessment for Explosive Risk (SAFER) peer review report.  

SciTech Connect

At the direction of the Department of Defense Explosives Safety Board (DDESB), a Peer Review Team was established to review the status of development of the risk-based explosives safety siting process and criteria as currently implemented in the software 'Safety Assessment for Explosive Risk (SAFER)' Version 2.1. The objective of the Peer Review Team was to provide an independent evaluation of the components of the SAFER model, the ongoing development of the model and the risk assessment process and criteria. This peer review report addressed procedures; protocols; physical and statistical science algorithms; related documents; and software quality assurance, validation and verification. Overall, the risk-based method in SAFER represents a major improvement in the Department of Defense (DoD) approach to explosives safety management. The DDESB and Risk Based Explosives Safety Criteria Team (RBESCT) have made major strides in developing a methodology, which over time may become a worldwide model. The current status of all key areas of the SAFER code has been logically developed and is defensible. Continued improvement and refinement can be expected as implementation proceeds. A consistent approach to addressing and refining uncertainty in each of the primary areas (probability of event, consequences of event and exposure) will be a very beneficial future activity.

Heimdahl, Olaf E. R. (Naval Air Warfare Center, China Lake, CA); LaHoud, Paul (Athens, AL); Chapman, Leon Darrel

2004-08-01

343

Commercial Lighting Solutions Webtool Peer Review Report, Office Solutions  

SciTech Connect

The Commercial Lighting Solutions (CLS) project directly supports the U.S. Department of Energys Commercial Building Energy Alliance efforts to design high performance buildings. CLS creates energy efficient best practice lighting designs for widespread use, and they are made available to users via an interactive webtool that both educates and guides the end user through the application of the Lighting Solutions. This report summarizes the peer review of the CLS webtool for offices. The methodology for the peer review process included data collection (stakeholder input), analysis of the comments, and organization of the input into categories for prioritization of the comments against a set of criteria. Based on this process, recommendations were developed for the release of version 2.0 of the webtool at the Lightfair conference in Las Vegas in May 2010. The report provides a list of the top ten most significant and relevant improvements that will be made within the webtool for version 2.0 as well as appendices containing the comments and short-term priorities in additional detail. Peer review comments that are considered high priority by the reviewers and the CLS team but cannot be completed for Version 2.0 are listed as long-term recommendations.

Beeson, Tracy A.; Jones, Carol C.

2010-02-01

344

A Critical Evaluation of Peer Review via Teaching Observation within Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To provide a best practice framework for peer review via teaching observation as a method of appraising teaching performance within UK higher education (HE) institutions. Design/methodology/approach: The paper uses secondary data analysis via the current literature on peer review and peer appraisal, as well as use of primary data obtained

Blackmore, Jacqueline A.

2005-01-01

345

Peer Review Summary (5/13/2014)  

E-print Network

and Environmental Engineering. The reviewer's USGS research has focused primarily on water-quality investigations of surface water with emphasis on nonpoint source pollution, including the study of many different studies include organic and inorganic aircraft deicers, PAHs, metals, nutrients, and microorganisms

Torgersen, Christian

346

Journal of Information, Law, and Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

JILT, an "electronic law journal covering a range of topics relating to IT law and applications," publishes a combination of peer and non-peer reviewed articles, as well as reviews, commentaries, and related news.

1996-01-01

347

Pulsed Power Peer Review Committee Report  

SciTech Connect

In 1993, the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA, PL 103-62) was enacted. GPRA, which applies to all federal programs, has three components: strategic plans, annual performance plans, and metrics to show how well annual plans are being followed. As part of meeting the GRPA requirement in FY2002, a 15-member external review committee chaired by Dr. Alvin Trivelpiece (the Trivelpiece Committee) was convened by Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) on May 7-9, 2002 to review Sandia National Laboratories' Pulsed Power Programs as a component of the Performance Appraisal Process negotiated with the National Nuclear Security Administration of the Department of Energy (NNSA/DOE). The scope of the review included activities in high energy density physics (HEDP), inertial confinement fusion (ICF), radiation/weapon physics, the petawatt laser initiative (PW) and fast ignition, equation-of-state studies, radiation effects science and lethality, x-ray radiography, ZR development, basic research and pulsed power technology research and development, as well as electromagnetics and work for others. In his charge to the Committee, Dr. Jeffrey P. Quintenz, Director of Pulsed Power Sciences (Org. 1600) asked that the evaluation and feedback be based on three criteria: (1) quality of technical activities in science, technology, and engineering, (2) programmatic performance, management, and planning, and (3) relevance to national needs and agency missions. In addition, the director posed specific programmatic questions. The accompanying report, produced as a SAND document, is the report of the Committee's finding.

BLOOMQUIST, DOUGLAS D.

2002-10-01

348

CPTC Experts Author Proteomics Review in the Journal of Proteome Research  

Cancer.gov

CPTC experts authored a review of the current state of clinical proteomics in the peer-reviewed Journal of Proteome Research. The review highlights outcomes from the CPTC program and also provides a thorough overview of the different technologies that have pushed the field forward. Additionally, the review provides a vision for moving the field forward through linking advances in genomic and proteomic analysis to develop new, molecularly targeted interventions.

349

Safeguarding the Integrity of Science Communication by Restraining 'Rational Cheating' in Peer Review  

PubMed Central

Peer review is the pillar of the integrity of science communication. It is often beset with flaws as well as accusations of unreliability and lack of predictive validity. 'Rational cheating' by reviewers is a threat to the validity of peer review. It may diminish the value of good papers by unfavourable appraisals of the reviewers whose own works have lower scientific merits. This article analyzes the mechanics and defects of peer review and focuses on rational cheating in peer review, its implications, and options to restrain it. PMID:25408573

2014-01-01

350

Finding literature reviews WHAT IS A LITERATURE REVIEW?  

E-print Network

Green BN, Johnson CD, Adams A. Writing narrative literature reviews for peer-reviewed journals: secrets and Adams describe a literature review as a type of research article published in a professional peer-reviewed journal. The purpose of a literature review is to objectively report the current knowledge on a topic

Ishida, Yuko

351

Interactive learning through web-mediated peer review of student science reports  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two studies analyzed impacts of writing and receiving web-mediated peer reviews on revision of research reports by undergraduate\\u000a science students. After conducting toxicology experiments, 77 students posted draft reports and exchanged double-blind reviews.\\u000a The first study randomly assigned students to four groups representing full, partial, or no peer review. Students engaging\\u000a in any aspect of peer review made more revisions

Nancy M. Trautmann

2009-01-01

352

INTERNATIONAL MATHEMATICAL UNION Best Current Practices for Journals  

E-print Network

relating to the changing environment of peer-reviewed journals and digital distribution of research in its to a careful, timely and unbiased peer- review overseen by the journal editors, who often seek the advice to it by providing: quality control: The peer-review process evaluates and aims, inasmuch as possible, to certify

Arnold, Douglas N.

353

Growing a Peer Review Culture among Graduate Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Usual processes for pursuing education excellence in a graduate program are candidate selection, coursework, research, and thesis defense. This paper is an experience report on a complementary approach: the growing of a peer review culture among graduate students. We instruct first-year masters and doctoral students on principles for preparing a thesis proposal. Students present their proposals in collective discussion sessions with feedback from professors. The students then submit their proposals through a web interface and are instructed on the role they will play next - of anonymous referees of their peers proposals. The referee reports and general statistics are made available to all participating students and advisers. Updated proposals are submitted to an annual workshop open to all participating students and advisers. About 60 students take part in this annual series of seminars with peer review and workshop, generating individual thesis proposals and 180 referee reports, 3 for each proposal. Students and their advisers receive detailed feedback on individual participation as author and referee. The main strength of this experience is the opportunity to assimilate the techniques of objective criticism and to reflect about the quality of own and others work. The paper outlines future research and development issues.

Kern, Vincius Medina; Possamai, Osmar; Selig, Paulo Mauricio; Dos Santos Pacheco, Roberto Carlos; de Souza, Gilberto Corra; Rautenberg, Sandro; da Silva Lemos, Renata Tavares

354

Neuroscience Leading the Way: Reviews Cascade by the INCF  

E-print Network

to the paper peer review system that is initiated by neuroscience journals. A Neuroscience Peer Review Consortium has been formed to optimize the peer review of original neuroscience manuscripts at http://nprc.incf.org/. Neuroscience journals belonging to the Consortium will accept manuscript reviews

De Schutter, Erik

355

Reviewer Acknowledgement 2013  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers A peer-reviewed journal would not survive without the generous time and insightful comments of the reviewers, whose efforts often go unrecognized. Systematic Reviews has been blessed by the support of highly-qualified peer reviewers, and the Editors-in-Chief, David Moher, Lesley Stewart and Paul Shekelle, and staff of the journal would like to show their appreciation by thanking the following for their invaluable assistance with review of manuscripts for the journal in Volume 2 (2013).

2014-01-01

356

Journal of Peer Production New perspectives on the implications of peer production for social change  

E-print Network

) technology's potential as a "disruptive" technology (Bricklin, 2001 in Oram, 2001, p. 59). The "most people studies of (peer-to-peer) technology Francesca Musiani Abstract: This article discusses the relevance questions for scholars of social studies of networking technologies, be they used for communication, sharing

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

357

Social Experiences with Peers and High School Graduation: A review of theoretical and empirical research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews theoretical and empirical work on the relations between child and adolescent peer experiences and high school graduation. First, the different developmental models that guide research in this domain will be explained. Then, descriptions of peer experiences at the group level (peer acceptance\\/rejection, victimisation, and crowd affiliation) and at the dyadic level (friendship and clique membership) will be

Frank Vitaro

2007-01-01

358

Physical Review: a family of journals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The expansion of research in physics in the last 100 years has been reflected in the expansion of the Physical Review(PR). Reviews of Modern Physics was the first ``new'' journal, starting in 1929. Physical Review Letters commenced in 1958, and was the first ``letters'' type of journal for important new results in all fields. By 1970 the Physical Review itself had grown so large that it was necessary to separate it by field into manageable volumes: PRA, PRB, PRC and PRD, and subsequently PRE, which was split off from PRA. More recently, two Special Topics journals for accelerator physics and physics education were pioneers of the open access business model, and the newest member of the family, Physical Review X, continues this trend. PRX is broad scope and very selective, setting it well above many of the new open access journals with a review standard of ``not incorrect.'' Some possible future directions for the Physical Review journals will be discussed.

Sprouse, Gene

2013-03-01

359

Design Editorial Who is a JMD Reviewer?  

E-print Network

. Indeed, "peer review" means ex- actly that: Our fellow journal authors review the submitted mate- rialJournal of Mechanical Design Editorial Who is a JMD Reviewer? How do I become a reviewer for JMD is specific for each journal and reviewers are not transferable to other ASME journals at this time; you make

Papalambros, Panos

360

Good science, deceptive science, and fraud, plus a brief discussion of peer review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

What makes scientific publication different from other types of publication? Traditionally, it was that scientists published not only their conclusions, but also their data (which enabled others wanting to re-evaluate the data to do so). Publishing their data helped keep scientists honest. In the mid-20^th century the policies of scientific journals changed, partly because very large data sets were being evaluated via computer. Many (but not all) scientific journals paid homage to scientific tradition by establishing archives for data serving as the basis for published scientific papers, while only a description of the study and the conclusions were published in the peer-reviewed scientific journals. This set the stage for scientific deception and scientific fraud, which became widespread in certain fields of study during the latter part of the 20^th century. Indeed, some organizations were established that appeared to be legitimate scientific societies, but in fact existed for the purpose of promoting the incorrect evaluation of scientific data and publishing deceptive studies masquerading as sound scientific studies. The field of medicine has also become more science than art, with its current emphasis on "evidence-based medicine." The different types of scientific deceit/fraud are identified, and a lifetime of experience with the correction of scientific error, plus encounters with scientific deception and scientific fraud, is summarized.

Lundquist, Marjorie

2011-03-01

361

Issues of cultural appropriateness and pedagogical efficacy: exploring peer review in a second language writing class  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a study designed to investigate (a) whether peer review is an effective pedagogical activity with adult\\u000a Chinese students in the teaching of second language (L2) academic writing and (b) how factors such as perceptions of the influence\\u000a of peer reviewers L2 proficiency, previous experience with peer review, feedback preferences, and culturally-based beliefs\\u000a and practices relate to

Guangwei Hu; Sandra Tsui Eu Lam

2010-01-01

362

ForPeerReview Unique Aspects of Impulsive Traits in Substance Use and  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Only Unique Aspects of Impulsive Traits in Substance Use and Overeating: Specific in this manuscript (TExPosition and TInPosition). The authors have no other declarations of interest. #12;ForPeerReview 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 #12;ForPeerReview Only Running Head: UNIQUE

O'Toole, Alice J.

363

Applying Peer Reviews in Software Engineering Education: An Experiment and Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the demonstrated value of peer reviews in the engineering industry, numerous industry experts have listed it at the top of the list of desirable development practices. Experience has shown that problems (defects) are eliminated earlier if a development process incorporates peer reviews and that these reviews are as effective as or even

Garousi, V.

2010-01-01

364

Peer review of HEDR uncertainty and sensitivity analyses plan  

SciTech Connect

This report consists of a detailed documentation of the writings and deliberations of the peer review panel that met on May 24--25, 1993 in Richland, Washington to evaluate your draft report ``Uncertainty/Sensitivity Analysis Plan`` (PNWD-2124 HEDR). The fact that uncertainties are being considered in temporally and spatially varying parameters through the use of alternative time histories and spatial patterns deserves special commendation. It is important to identify early those model components and parameters that will have the most influence on the magnitude and uncertainty of the dose estimates. These are the items that should be investigated most intensively prior to committing to a final set of results.

Hoffman, F.O.

1993-06-01

365

Examining Marketing Journals' Publication Process and Reviewer Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines reviewer practices at 11 marketing journals. The results for the top three journals are compared to eight comparable journals that are typically considered to be non-top-tier journals. The results suggest that the reviewers and the review processes at the top journals differ significantly from those of the non-top-tier

Seiler, Vicky L.; Reisenwitz, Timothy H.; Schibrowsky, John A.

2011-01-01

366

Children who are deaf or hard of hearing in inclusive educational settings: a literature review on interactions with peers.  

PubMed

This review is conducted to describe how children who are deaf or hard of hearing (D/HH) interact with hearing peers in inclusive settings, illustrate the difficulties and challenges faced by them in interacting with peers, and identify effective interventions that promote their social interaction in inclusive education. A systematic search of databases and journals identified 21 papers that met the inclusion criteria. Two broad themes emerged from an analysis of the literatures, which included processes and outcomes of interactions with peers and intervention programs. The research indicates that children who are D/HH face great difficulties in communicating, initiating/entering, and maintaining interactions with hearing peers in inclusive settings. The co-enrollment and social skills training programs are considered to be effective interventions for their social interaction. Communication abilities and social skills of children who are D/HH, responses of children with normal hearing, and the effect of environment are highlighted as crucial aspects of social interactions. In addition, future research is needed to study the interaction between children who are D/HH and hearing peers in natural settings, at different stages of school life, as well as improving social interaction and establishing an inclusive classroom climate for children who are D/HH. PMID:25052819

Xie, Yu-Han; Potm?il, Milo?; Peters, Brenda

2014-10-01

367

References that anyone can edit: review of Wikipedia citations in peer reviewed health science literature  

PubMed Central

Objectives To examine indexed health science journals to evaluate the prevalence of Wikipedia citations, identify the journals that publish articles with Wikipedia citations, and determine how Wikipedia is being cited. Design Bibliometric analysis. Study selection Publications in the English language that included citations to Wikipedia were retrieved using the online databases Scopus and Web of Science. Data sources To identify health science journals, results were refined using Ulrichs database, selecting for citations from journals indexed in Medline, PubMed, or Embase. Using Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Reports, 2011 impact factors were collected for all journals included in the search. Data extraction Resulting citations were thematically coded, and descriptive statistics were calculated. Results 1433 full text articles from 1008 journals indexed in Medline, PubMed, or Embase with 2049 Wikipedia citations were accessed. The frequency of Wikipedia citations has increased over time; most citations occurred after December 2010. More than half of the citations were coded as definitions (n=648; 31.6%) or descriptions (n=482; 23.5%). Citations were not limited to journals with a low or no impact factor; the search found Wikipedia citations in many journals with high impact factors. Conclusions Many publications are citing information from a tertiary source that can be edited by anyone, although permanent, evidence based sources are available. We encourage journal editors and reviewers to use caution when publishing articles that cite Wikipedia. PMID:24603564

2014-01-01

368

Reviewer acknowledgment  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers A peer-reviewed journal would not survive without the generous time and insightful comments of the reviewers whose efforts often go unrecognized. AIDS Research and Therapy has been blessed by the support of highly qualified peer reviewers and would like to show its appreciation by thanking the following for their assistance with review of manuscripts for the journal in 2012. PMID:23406621

2013-01-01

369

Reviewer Acknowledgement 2013  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers A peer-reviewed journal would not survive without the generous time and insightful comments of the reviewers, whose efforts often go unrecognized. Trials has been blessed by the support of highly-qualified peer reviewers, and the Editors-in-Chief, Doug Altman, Curt Furberg and Jeremy Grimshaw, and staff of the journal would like to show their appreciation by thanking the following for their invaluable assistance with review of manuscripts for the journal in Volume 14 (2013).

2014-01-01

370

Peer Review of NRC Standardized Plant Analysis Risk Models  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Standardized Plant Analysis Risk (SPAR) Models underwent a Peer Review using ASME PRA standard (Addendum C) as endorsed by NRC in Regulatory Guide (RG) 1.200. The review was performed by a mix of industry probabilistic risk analysis (PRA) experts and NRC PRA experts. Representative SPAR models, one PWR and one BWR, were reviewed against Capability Category I of the ASME PRA standard. Capability Category I was selected as the basis for review due to the specific uses/applications of the SPAR models. The BWR SPAR model was reviewed against 331 ASME PRA Standard Supporting Requirements; however, based on the Capability Category I level of review and the absence of internal flooding and containment performance (LERF) logic only 216 requirements were determined to be applicable. Based on the review, the BWR SPAR model met 139 of the 216 supporting requirements. The review also generated 200 findings or suggestions. Of these 200 findings and suggestions 142 were findings and 58 were suggestions. The PWR SPAR model was also evaluated against the same 331 ASME PRA Standard Supporting Requirements. Of these requirements only 215 were deemed appropriate for the review (for the same reason as noted for the BWR). The PWR review determined that 125 of the 215 supporting requirements met Capability Category I or greater. The review identified 101 findings or suggestions (76 findings and 25 suggestions). These findings or suggestions were developed to identify areas where SPAR models could be enhanced. A process to prioritize and incorporate the findings/suggestions supporting requirements into the SPAR models is being developed. The prioritization process focuses on those findings that will enhance the accuracy, completeness and usability of the SPAR models.

Anthony Koonce; James Knudsen; Robert Buell

2011-03-01

371

CoLab: A Collaborative Laboratory for Facilitating Code Reviews through a Peer-to-Peer Network  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

CoLab is a collaborative tool for peer review of software programs for providing constructive feedback to first-time programmers. It targets two kinds of users: a trainer (who is the facilitator) and a trainee (whose programming skills have to be assessed and, if needed, improved). The tool provides real-time information on the reviewing ability

Kini, Shwetha

2010-01-01

372

Open Evaluation: A Vision for Entirely Transparent Post-Publication Peer Review and Rating for Science  

PubMed Central

The two major functions of a scientific publishing system are to provide access to and evaluation of scientific papers. While open access (OA) is becoming a reality, open evaluation (OE), the other side of the coin, has received less attention. Evaluation steers the attention of the scientific community and thus the very course of science. It also influences the use of scientific findings in public policy. The current system of scientific publishing provides only journal prestige as an indication of the quality of new papers and relies on a non-transparent and noisy pre-publication peer-review process, which delays publication by many months on average. Here I propose an OE system, in which papers are evaluated post-publication in an ongoing fashion by means of open peer review and rating. Through signed ratings and reviews, scientists steer the attention of their field and build their reputation. Reviewers are motivated to be objective, because low-quality or self-serving signed evaluations will negatively impact their reputation. A core feature of this proposal is a division of powers between the accumulation of evaluative evidence and the analysis of this evidence by paper evaluation functions (PEFs). PEFs can be freely defined by individuals or groups (e.g., scientific societies) and provide a plurality of perspectives on the scientific literature. Simple PEFs will use averages of ratings, weighting reviewers (e.g., by H-index), and rating scales (e.g., by relevance to a decision process) in different ways. Complex PEFs will use advanced statistical techniques to infer the quality of a paper. Papers with initially promising ratings will be more deeply evaluated. The continual refinement of PEFs in response to attempts by individuals to influence evaluations in their own favor will make the system ungameable. OA and OE together have the power to revolutionize scientific publishing and usher in a new culture of transparency, constructive criticism, and collaboration. PMID:23087639

Kriegeskorte, Nikolaus

2012-01-01

373

Nevada Risk Assessment/Management Program scientific peer review  

SciTech Connect

The 1,350 square-mile Nevada Test Site and additional sites in Nevada served as the continental sites for US nuclear weapons testing from 1951 to 1992. The Nevada Risk Assessment/Management Program (NRAMP) is a currently on-going effort of the Harry Reid Center for Environmental Studies at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) and the firm of E. J. Bentz and Associates, Inc., in cooperation with the US Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Management Program. Argonne National Laboratory is one of several public and private organizations supporting personnel appointed by the NRAMP to the NRAMP Scientific Peer Review Panel. The NRAMP is part of a national effort by the DOE to develop new sources of information and approaches to risk assessment, risk management, risk communication, and public outreach relevant to the ecological and human health effects of radioactive and hazardous materials management and site remediation activities. This paper describes the development, conduct, and current results of the scientific peer review process which supports the goals of the NRAMP.

Bentz, E.J. Jr.; Bentz, C.B.; O`Hora, T.D. [E.J. Bentz and Associates, Inc., Alexandria, VA (United States); Chen, S.Y. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Environmental Assessment Div.

1997-04-01

374

Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders reviewer acknowledgement 2013  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers We thank all of our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in volume 5 (2013). High quality and timely reviews are critical to the overall quality of the journal. We are committed to providing a unique and important outlet for scholarship regarding neurodevelopmental disorders and are indebted to the outstanding reviewers who have contributed their time over the last year in helping us to reach this goal. PMID:24472142

2014-01-01

375

Adolescent peer group identification and characteristics: A review of the literature  

PubMed Central

This study provides an exhaustive review of 44 peer-reviewed quantitative or qualitative data-based peer-reviewed studies completed on adolescent peer group identification. Adolescent peer group identification is ones self-perceived or other-perceived membership in discrete teenage peer groups. The studies reviewed suggest that adolescent peer groups consist of five general categories differentiable by lifestyle characteristics: Elites, Athletes, Academics, Deviants, and Others. We found that the Deviant adolescent group category reported relatively greater participation in drug use and other problem behaviors across studies, whereas Academics and Athletes exhibited the least participation in these problem behaviors. Additional research is needed in this arena to better understand the operation of adolescent group labels. PMID:17188815

Sussman, Steve; Pokhrel, Pallav; Ashmore, Richard D.; Brown, B. Bradford

2011-01-01

376

ESP 178 Applied Research Methods Research Proposal Stage 2: Literature Review  

E-print Network

. For the literature review you are looking for academic articles in peer-review journals ­ like the ones in your that provides #12;2 at least a modicum of quality control. You can generally tell a peer-review journal by its relevant, peer-reviewed, and high-quality articles. See Appendix A for tips on how to find articles, plus

Handy, Susan L.

377

vol. 173, no. 5 the american naturalist may 2009 The Golden Rule of Reviewing  

E-print Network

a scientific or scholarly paper is the speed with which reviews by peers are returned to journals. Peer review--at different times. Journals have no way to coerce reviewers to return their critiques faster. To greatly, the scientific peer-review system ensures that this expectation is met; some problems will always exist, but we

Sullivan, Jack

378

PsycINFO is one of three databases on the APA PsycNET platform: PsycARTICLES A full-text database of 80+ peer-reviewed journals from the  

E-print Network

the search boxes. Enter the author's last name, a space, and their first name, or the initial e.g. Griffin in a specific journal, select the Journals Lookup option, beneath the search boxes. Enter the words of a journal to Search. TERM FINDER SEARCH You can search for documents using one or more of the index terms

Rzepa, Henry S.

379

Blog Comments vs. Peer Review: Which Way Makes a Book Better?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What if scholarly books were peer reviewed by anonymous blog comments rather than by traditional, selected peer reviewers? This is the question posed by an unusual experiment that was started recently by Noah Wardrip-Fruin, an an assistant professor of communication at the University of California at San Diego. His experiment was started after his

Young, Jeffrey R.

2008-01-01

380

DOE Hydrogen Program: 2010 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Report  

SciTech Connect

This document summarizes the comments provided by peer reviewers on hydrogen and fuel cell projects presented at the FY 2010 U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting (AMR), held June 7-11, 2010 in Washington, D.C.

Not Available

2010-12-01

381

Original Research and Peer Review Using Web-Based Collaborative Tools by College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Environmental Inquiry program supports inquiry based, student-centered science teaching on selected topics in the environmental sciences. Many teachers are unfamiliar with both the underlying science of toxicology, and the process and importance of peer review in scientific method. The protocol and peer review process was tested with college

Cakir, Mustafa; Carlsen, William S.

2007-01-01

382

ForPeerReview The Neural Bases of Grapheme-Color Synesthesia Are not  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview The Neural Bases of Grapheme-Color Synesthesia Are not Localized in Real Color/bhr236 #12;ForPeerReview The Neural Bases of Grapheme-Color Synesthesia Are not Localized in Real Color. These various experiences are referred to as « synesthesia », or union of the senses, since the end of the XIXth

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

383

Clinical Peer Review: Description of a Comprehensive Model in Behavioral Healthcare  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a comprehensive model of clinical peer review that was established at a large behavioral healthcare organization serving children, adolescents, and adults with developmental disabilities. The purpose of peer review is to provide routine evaluation of practice standards that will produce the highest quality of habilitative

Luiselli, James K.; Russo, Dennis C.

2005-01-01

384

Social Workers' Attitudes toward Peer-Reviewed Literature: The Evidence Base  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social workers from one state chapter of the National Association of Social Workers were surveyed to assess their use of and attitudes toward the peer-reviewed literature and their engagement in evidence-based practice. Results reveal that, in general, the practitioners in this study did not read the peer-reviewed literature, particularly articles

Knight, Carolyn

2013-01-01

385

Academic Excellence: A Commentary and Reflections on the Inherent Value of Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic peer review is widely viewed as fair, equitable, and essential to academic quality. Successfully completing the process through publication or award is widely deemed as one of the most rigorous and prestigious forms of scholarly accomplishment. Despite this sentiment the academic peer review process is not without fault. It is criticized

Roberts, Thomas J.; Shambrook, Jennifer

2012-01-01

386

ForPeerReview Layers of insect echoes near a thunderstorm and  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Layers of insect echoes near a thunderstorm and implications for the interpretation Norton, Emily; University of Manchester Keywords: Doppler radar, clear-air echoes, thunderstorm inflow Meteorological Society #12;ForPeerReview 1 Layers of insect echoes near a thunderstorm and implications

Reading, University of

387

Peer Supports for Tobacco Cessation for Adults With Serious Mental Illness: A Review of the Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: A relatively new approach to addressing tobacco use in mental health settings is the involvement of consumers or peers, defined as other individuals with mental health conditions, as service providers. This review examines the literature describing peer delivered supports for tobacco cessation for adults with serious mental illness. Methods: The authors conducted a review of online databases to identify

Colleen E. McKay; Faith Dickerson

2012-01-01

388

ForPeerReview New ethyl cellulose/acrylic hybrid latexes and coatings via  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview New ethyl cellulose/acrylic hybrid latexes and coatings via miniemulsion Article Keywords: Ethyl cellulose, Acrylic, Miniemulsion polymerization PeerReview 1 New ethyl cellulose/acrylic hybrid latexes and coatings via miniemulsion polymerization R. Chen,1

Boyer, Edmond

389

Lessons from Graduate Student Instructors on the Peer Review of Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this qualitative study, we examined a pilot program for graduate student instructors (GSIs) in a peer review of teaching program at Duke University, a medium-sized research university. We noted key elements that participants identified from their experience that may be distinct from models of peer teaching review developed for faculty. These

Crumley, Hugh; James, Douglas

2009-01-01

390

Content and communication: How can peer review provide helpful feedback about the writing?  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Peer review is assumed to improve the quality of research reports as tools for scientific communication, yet strong evidence that this outcome is obtained consistently has been elusive. Failure to distinguish between aspects of discipline-specific content and aspects of the writing or use of language may account for some deficiencies in current peer review processes. DISCUSSION: The process and

Karen Shashok

2008-01-01

391

Final Independent External Peer Review for the Biscayne Bay Coastal Wetlands Project  

E-print Network

Final Independent External Peer Review for the Biscayne Bay Coastal Wetlands Project Implementation-TERM ANALYSIS SERVICE (STAS) on Final Independent External Peer Review Report Biscayne Bay Coastal Wetlands COASTAL WETLANDS PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION REPORT EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Biscayne Bay Coastal Wetlands (BBCW

US Army Corps of Engineers

392

ORIGINAL RESEARCH AND PEER REVIEW USING WEB-BASED COLLABORATIVE TOOLS BY COLLEGE STUDENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Environmental Inquiry program supports inquiry based, student-centered science teaching on selected topics in the environmental sciences. Many teachers are unfamiliar with both the underlying science of toxicology, and the process and importance of peer review in scientific method. The protocol and peer review process was tested with college students at 11 universities around the United States. The overall goal

Mustafa akir; William S. Carlsen

393

ForPeerReview Regional CBF Changes in Parkinsons Disease: A Correlation with Motor  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Regional CBF Changes in Parkinson¡¦s Disease: A Correlation with Motor Dysfunction and Molecular Imaging #12;ForPeerReview Regional CBF Changes in Parkinson's Disease: A Correlation with Motor Dysfunction Running head line: ICA of SPECT data in Parkinson's disease Jung-Lung Hsu1,2,4 , M.D.; Tzyy

Makeig, Scott

394

Improving the Peer-Review Process for Grant Applications: Reliability, Validity, Bias, and Generalizability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review is a gatekeeper, the final arbiter of what is valued in academia, but it has been criticized in relation to traditional psychological research criteria of reliability, validity, generalizability, and potential biases. Despite a considerable literature, there is surprisingly little sound peer-review research examining these criteria or

Marsh, Herbert W.; Jayasinghe, Upali W.; Bond, Nigel W.

2008-01-01

395

Understanding Differences in Perceived Peer-Review Helpfulness using Natural Language Processing  

E-print Network

-level cognitive con- structs are more effective in modeling experts' perceived helpfulness. 1 Introduction Peer on fea- tures mined from textual reviews using Natural Lan- guage Processing (NLP) techniques the average of two expert-provided ratings as our gold standard of peer-review help- fulness1, there are other

Litman, Diane J.

396

75 FR 13544 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Utilization and Quality Control Peer Review Organization Program, now known...including other public or private review organizations as may be appropriate...reports suitable for publication in peer-review journals. This request relates to...

2010-03-22

397

Peer Review of Teaching: Lessons Learned from the University of Kentucky  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Kentucky Department of Agronomy instituted a system of peer review of teaching in 1996. Professors observe the teaching of their peers with the intent of helping one another improve. Reviews usually include a preliminary meeting between the instructor and two reviewers, several in-class visits, some analysis of classroom materials, and a wrap-up meeting. The peer review program now has met with cautious but general approval from participating faculty. By spring 1999, reviews were completed for 20 classes, 15 of which are considered in this analysis.

Bhavsar, Victoria; Grabau, Larry

398

The Peer-Reviewed Literature on Undergraduate Education for Public Health in the United States, 20042014  

PubMed Central

The education of undergraduate college students in the field of public health has burgeoned over the past decade. Professional literature in peer-reviewed journals is one indicator of the status of a field of study and its related body of knowledge. It is also a mechanism for sharing information among professionals about challenges, issues, experiences, and best practices. The purpose of the literature review conducted here was to describe the status of the peer-reviewed literature over the past decade pertaining to the education of undergraduates about the field of public health in the United States (U.S.). A literature search was conducted of three databases: PubMed, Scopus, and ERIC. Inclusion criteria were publication date from January 1, 2004 through July 31, 2014; written in the English language; pertaining to undergraduate education in the U.S.; and a focus on public health as the primary discipline. Public health was searched as an overarching discipline; articles focused on sub-disciplines or other health professions disciplines were excluded. The search resulted in 158 articles. Each of the authors reviewed the abstracts for all articles and read full articles when necessary. The result was 23 articles that were then considered in depth. The articles were categorized according to their primary theme: curriculum, courses, learning objectives (N?=?14); evaluation of teaching method (N?=?3); case study (N?=?3); career path and advising (N?=?2); accreditation (N?=?1). Year of publication and journal were also examined. The results of the literature search lead to several observations about how the peer-reviewed literature has been used to date and how it could be used to advance the emerging field of undergraduate education for public health.

Evashwick, Connie J.; Tao, Donghua; Arnold, Lauren D.

2014-01-01

399

Peer reviewing critical care: a pragmatic approach to quality management  

PubMed Central

Critical care medicine frequently involves decisions and measures that may result in significant consequences for patients. In particular, mistakes may directly or indirectly derive from daily routine processes. In addition, consequences may result from the broader pharmaceutical and technological treatment options, which frequently involve multidimensional aspects. The increasing complexity of pharmaceutical and technological properties must be monitored and taken into account. Besides the presence of various disciplines involved, the provision of 24-hour care requires multiple handovers of significant information each day. Immediate expert action that is well coordinated is just as important as a professional handling of medicine's limitations. Intensivists are increasingly facing professional quality management within the ICU (Intensive Care Unit). This article depicts a practical and effective approach to this complex topic and describes external evaluation of critical care according to peer reviewing processes, which have been successfully implemented in Germany and are likely to gain in significance. PMID:21063473

Braun, Jan-Peter; Bause, Hanswerner; Bloos, Frank; Geldner, Gotz; Kastrup, Marc; Kuhlen, Ralf; Markewitz, Andreas; Martin, Jorg; Mende, Hendrik; Quintel, Michael; Steinmeier-Bauer, Klaus; Waydhas, Christian; Spies, Claudia

2010-01-01

400

Statistical reviewing policies of medical journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To describe the current policies regarding statistical review of clinical research in biomedical journals.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a PARTICIPANTS: Editors of biomedical journals that publish original clinical research.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a MEASUREMENTS: General policies on statistical review, types of persons used for statistical reviewing, compensation of statistical reviewers,\\u000a percentage of articles subject to such review, percentage of time statistical review makes an important

Steven N. Goodman; Douglas G. Altman; Stephen L. George

1998-01-01

401

UNDERGRADUATE JOURNAL IN NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY Professor Mark Hersam, editor; Kathleen Cook, managing editor  

E-print Network

UNDERGRADUATE JOURNAL IN NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY Professor Mark Hersam, editor; Kathleen journal dedicated to nanoscience and nanotechnology. Aspiring authors went through a peer-review process fashioned after professional journals around the country. They gained valuable educational experience

Shull, Kenneth R.

402

Don't Tell It Like It Is: Preserving Collegiality in the Summative Peer Review of Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While much literature has considered feedback and professional growth in formative peer reviews of teaching, there has been little empirical research conducted on these issues in the context of summative peer reviews. This article explores faculty members' perceptions of feedback practices in the summative peer review of teaching and reports

Iqbal, Isabeau A.

2014-01-01

403

Do Peers Matter? A Review of Peer and/or Friends' Influence on Physical Activity among American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This systematic review investigated the relationship between peer and/or friend variables and physical activity among adolescents by synthesising cross-sectional, longitudinal, and experimental research conducted in the US. Seven electronic databases were searched to identify related articles published within the last 10 years and the articles

Fitzgerald, Amanda; Fitzgerald, Noelle; Aherne, Cian

2012-01-01

404

Characterization of the peer review network at the Center for Scientific Review, National Institutes of Health.  

PubMed

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the largest source of funding for biomedical research in the world. This funding is largely effected through a competitive grants process. Each year the Center for Scientific Review (CSR) at NIH manages the evaluation, by peer review, of more than 55,000 grant applications. A relevant management question is how this scientific evaluation system, supported by finite resources, could be continuously evaluated and improved for maximal benefit to the scientific community and the taxpaying public. Towards this purpose, we have created the first system-level description of peer review at CSR by applying text analysis, bibliometric, and graph visualization techniques to administrative records. We identify otherwise latent relationships across scientific clusters, which in turn suggest opportunities for structural reorganization of the system based on expert evaluation. Such studies support the creation of monitoring tools and provide transparency and knowledge to stakeholders. PMID:25119140

Boyack, Kevin W; Chen, Mei-Ching; Chacko, George

2014-01-01

405

Social functioning and peer relationships in children and adolescents with chronic pain: A systematic review  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Peer relationships during childhood and adolescence are acknowledged to be negatively impacted by chronic pain; however, to date there has been no synthesis of this literature. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review existing literature describing the social functioning and peer relationships in children and adolescents with recurrent or continuous chronic pain. METHODS: Articles on peer relationship factors studied in samples of children and adolescents with chronic pain published in English or French were identified using EMBASE, Medline, CINAHL and PsycINFO. Two independent reviewers performed initial screenings using study titles and abstracts, and reviewed each eligible article in full. RESULTS: Of 1740 published papers yielded by the search, 42 articles met the inclusion criteria and were included in the present review. Nine studies had peer relationship investigation as the primary purpose of the study; the remaining 33 examined peer relationships as part of a broader study. A range of specific and more general measures was used to examine peer relationships. Across studies, children and adolescents with chronic pain were reported to have fewer friends, be subjected to more peer victimization, and were viewed as more isolated and less likeable than healthy peers. CONCLUSIONS: Children and adolescents with chronic pain have peer relationship deficiencies. However, the majority of studies to date measure peer relationships as part of a broader study and, thus, little attention has been paid specifically to peer relationships in this group. Additional research examining the quality of peer relationships of children and adolescents with chronic pain, as well as development of measures specifically designed to assess these relationships, is needed. PMID:20195556

Forgeron, Paula A; King, Sara; Stinson, Jennifer N; McGrath, Patrick J; MacDonald, Amanda J; Chambers, Christine T

2010-01-01

406

When peers are not peers and don't know it: The Dunning-Kruger effect and self-fulfilling prophecy in peer-review.  

PubMed

The fateful combination of (i) the Dunning-Kruger effect (ignorance of one's own ignorance) with (ii) the nonlinear dynamics of the echo-chamber between reviewers and editors fuels a self-reinforcing collective delusion system that sometimes spirals uncontrollably away from objectivity and truth. Escape from this subconscious meta-ignorance is a formidable challenge but if achieved will help correct a central deficit of the peer-review process that stifles innovation and paradigm shifts. PMID:23386501

Huang, Sui

2013-05-01

407

Research Focus Double-blind review favours increased representation  

E-print Network

journals. Single and double-blind review Peer review is an operational standard that ensures the fair, Canada, M3J 1P3 Double-blind peer review, in which neither author nor reviewer identity are revealed, is rarely practised in eco- logy or evolution journals. However, in 2001, double-blind review was introduced

Mahowald, Natalie

408

The Law Review Approach: What the Humanities Can Learn  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Readers of this journal probably know how the peer review process works in the humanities disciplines and at various journals. Therefore the author explains how the law review process generally works and then what the humanities can learn and borrow from the law review process. He ends by advocating for a hybrid law review/peer review approach to

Mendenhall, Allen

2013-01-01

409

Arnett v. Dal Cielo: peer review confidentiality threatened by medical board investigational subpoenas.  

PubMed

If not modified or overturned on appeal, the Dal Cielo decision will very likely have a significant negative impact on the ability of California's organized peer review bodies to conduct frank, candid, and confidential peer review. Dal Cielo appears to permit the Board to subpoena committee minutes, physician credentials files, and live testimony whenever it determines that a physician should be investigated. Further, the impetus for the Board's investigation might be little more than a complaint from a single patient or even a disgruntled former employee of the physician or hospital. Regardless of current and future decisions, however, peer review bodies in California and other states operating under similar court decisions still retain at least some limited means to protect the confidentiality of their evaluative work. If, for example, a peer review body can establish that an investigatory subpoena seeks irrelevant information, is based upon little more than unsubstantiated rumor, or that the medical board has made no efforts to obtain information from other available, non-privileged sources, it may be able to convince a court that the subpoena is not supported by good cause. Peer review organizations should thus consider challenging medical board subpoenas in court to narrow their scope or establish that there is sufficient need for them. If any peer review body is served with an investigatory subpoena by a medical board requesting production of peer review information, it should carefully assess applicable state confidentiality protections.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:10184475

Isackson, C; McCahill, M

1995-11-01

410

DOE Hydrogen Program: 2005 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes comments from the Peer Review Panel at the FY 2005 DOE Hydrogen Program Annual Merit Review, held on May 23-26, 2005, in Arlington, Virginia. The projects evaluated support the Department of Energy and President Bush's Hydrogen Initiative. The results of this merit review and peer evaluation are major inputs used by DOE to make funding decisions. Project areas include hydrogen production and delivery; hydrogen storage; fuel cells; technology validation; safety, codes and standards; education; and systems analysis.

Chalk, S. G.

2005-09-01

411

DOE Hydrogen Program: 2006 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes comments from the Peer Review Panel at the FY 2006 DOE Hydrogen Program Annual Merit Review, held on May 16-19, 2006, in Arlington, Virginia. The projects evaluated support the Department of Energy and President Bush's Hydrogen Initiative. The results of this merit review and peer evaluation are major inputs used by DOE to make funding decisions. Project areas include hydrogen production and delivery; hydrogen storage; fuel cells; technology validation; safety, codes and standards; education; and systems analysis.

Milliken, J.

2006-09-01

412

Peer Review Process in Medical Research Publications: Language and Content Comments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every article sent by an author to a reputed scientific journal undergoes a rigorous editorial evaluation. The editor has the final responsibility of accepting or rejecting manuscripts and thus can confer authority and validity on the author's research and help to disseminate new knowledge. In this task, editors make use of a panel of expert peer

Mungra, Philippa; Webber, Pauline

2010-01-01

413

Academic Journals The Open Access Revolution Choosing Where to Publish Academic Journal Publishing  

E-print Network

definition: An academic journal is a peer-reviewed periodical in which scholarship relating to a particular of the only ways to communicate new research results to a wide audience. Today, the number of peer-reviewed on the editorial board. Rigor of the peer review process. How widely it's disseminated. Ultimately

Stockie, John

414

Seasonal predictability of daily rainfall statistics over Indramayu district, Journal: International Journal of Climatology  

E-print Network

PeerReview Only Seasonal predictability of daily rainfall statistics over Indramayu district of Meteorology and Geophysics Keywords: seasonal predictability, Indonesia, hidden Markov model http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/joc International Journal of Climatology - For peer review only #12;PeerReview Only 1 Seasonal predictability

Robertson, Andrew W.

415

Is Peer Victimization Associated with Academic Achievement? A Meta-Analytic Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a meta-analytic review of 33 studies, with a total of 29,552 participants, that examined the concurrent association between peer victimization and academic achievement. The results revealed a small but significant negative correlation between peer victimization and academic achievement under both the random-effects model (r =

Nakamoto, Jonathan; Schwartz, David

2010-01-01

416

Review and Reward within the Computerised Peer-Assessment of Essays  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article details the implementation and use of a "Review Stage" within the CAP (computerised assessment by peers) tool as part of the assessment process for a post-graduate module in e-learning. It reports upon the effect of providing the students with a "second chance" in marking and commenting their peers' essays having been able to view the

Davies, Phil

2009-01-01

417

Using Peer Education Approaches in HIV/AIDS Programs for Youth: A Review of the Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines literature on peer education in Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) programs for youth. The review shows that peer involvement helps increase access to, and acceptance of, HIV/AIDS prevention messages, and enhances the possibility of behavior change. (SM)

Baldwin, Julie

1995-01-01

418

A Systematic Review of Interventions to Increase Peer Interactions for Students with Complex Communication Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although positive peer relationships can facilitate the academic learning, skill development, and emotional well-being of students with complex communication challenges, few peer interactions are likely to take place in school settings apart from intentional intervention and support efforts. We conducted a systematic review to identify and examine

Chung, Yun-Ching; Carter, Erik W.; Sisco, Lynn G.

2012-01-01

419

Effective Letter (Annual Review of Progress toward Tenure)  

E-print Network

at least two publications per year in peer-reviewed journals. Focus your submissions on ISI high- impact of performance indicate that you have one book chapter, one journal article, and two book reviews since coming journals (e.g., American XYZ Review, International Journal of XYZ, Annual Review of XYZ). At a minimum, you

McQuade, D. Tyler

420

Inappropriate use of the title 'chiropractor' and term 'chiropractic manipulation' in the peer-reviewed biomedical literature  

PubMed Central

Background The misuse of the title 'chiropractor' and term 'chiropractic manipulation', in relation to injury associated with cervical spine manipulation, have previously been reported in the peer-reviewed literature. The objectives of this study were to - 1) Prospectively monitor the peer-reviewed literature for papers reporting an association between chiropractic, or chiropractic manipulation, and injury; 2) Contact lead authors of papers that report such an association in order to determine the basis upon which the title 'chiropractor' and/or term 'chiropractic manipulation' was used; 3) Document the outcome of submission of letters to the editors of journals wherein the title 'chiropractor', and/or term 'chiropractic manipulation', had been misused and resulted in the over-reporting of chiropractic induced injury. Methods One electronic database (PubMed) was monitored prospectively, via monthly PubMed searches, during a 12 month period (June 2003 to May 2004). Once relevant papers were located, they were reviewed. If the qualifications and/or profession of the care provider/s were not apparent, an attempt was made to confirm them via direct e-mail communication with the principal researcher of each respective paper. A letter was then sent to the editor of each involved journal. Results A total of twenty four different cases, spread across six separate publications, were located via the monthly PubMed searches. All twenty four cases took place in one of two European countries. The six publications consisted of four case reports, each containing one patient, one case series, involving twenty relevant cases, and a secondary report that pertained to one of the four case reports. In each of the six publications the authors suggest the care provider was a chiropractor and that each patient received chiropractic manipulation of the cervical spine prior to developing symptoms suggestive of traumatic injury. In two of the four case reports contact with the principal researcher revealed that the care provider was not a chiropractor, as defined by the World Federation of Chiropractic. The authors of the other two case reports did not respond to my communications. In the case series, which involved twenty relevant cases, the principal researcher conceded that the term chiropractor had been inappropriately used and that his case series did not relate to chiropractors who had undergone appropriate formal training. The author of the secondary report, a British Medical Journal editor, conceded that he had misused the title chiropractor. Letters to editors were accepted and published by all four journals to which they were sent. To date one of the four journals has published a correction. Conclusion The results of this year-long prospective review suggests that the words 'chiropractor' and 'chiropractic manipulation' are often used inappropriately by European biomedical researchers when reporting apparent associations between cervical spine manipulation and symptoms suggestive of traumatic injury. Furthermore, in those cases reported here, the spurious use of terminology seems to have passed through the peer-review process without correction. Additionally, these findings provide further preliminary evidence, beyond that already provided by Terrett, that the inappropriate use of the title 'chiropractor' and term 'chiropractic manipulation' may be a significant source of over-reporting of the link between the care provided by chiropractors and injury. Finally, editors of peer-reviewed journals were amenable to publishing 'letters to editors', and to a lesser extent 'corrections', when authors had inappropriately used the title 'chiropractor' and/or term 'chiropractic manipulation'. PMID:16925822

Wenban, Adrian B

2006-01-01

421

open access journal Public Health  

E-print Network

open access journal Journal of Public Health in AfricaeISSN 2038-9930 i www the Journal of Public Health in Africa is a peer-reviewed, electronic quarterly, that focuses on health issues in the African continent. The journal editors seek high quality original articles on public health related issues

Oakley, Jeremy

422

Panel discussion does not improve reliability of peer review for medical research grant proposals  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivePeer review is the gold standard for evaluating scientific quality. Compared with studies on inter-reviewer variability, research on panel evaluation is scarce. To appraise the reliability of panel evaluations in grant review, we compared scores by two expert panels reviewing the same grant proposals. Our main interest was to evaluate whether panel discussion improves reliability.

Mikael Fogelholm; Saara Leppinen; Anssi Auvinen; Jani Raitanen; Anu Nuutinen; Kalervo Vnnen

423

Peer influences on college drinking: A review of the research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer pressure is consistently implicated in the excessive drinking of college students. However, both theory and empirical findings suggest that peer pressure is a combination of three distinct influences: overt offers of alcohol, modeling, and social norms. Overt offers of alcohol can range from polite gestures to intense goading or commands to drink. Modeling occurs when the student's behavior corresponds

Brian Borsari; Kate B. Carey

2001-01-01

424

Revised Final Independent External Peer Review Report for the East Branch Dam, Clarion River,  

E-print Network

Revised Final Independent External Peer Review Report for the East Branch Dam, Clarion River, Elk County, Pennsylvania: Dam Safety Modification Report Prepared by Battelle Memorial Institute Prepared Report East Branch Dam, Clarion River, Elk County, Pennsylvania: Dam Safety Modification Report

US Army Corps of Engineers

425

ForPeerReview From vegetable oils to polyurethanes: synthetic routes to  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Only From vegetable oils to polyurethanes: synthetic routes to polyols and main polyols, polyurethanes, epoxidized vegetable oils, commercial polyols URL: http From vegetable oils to polyurethanes: synthetic routes to polyols and main industrial products Myriam

Boyer, Edmond

426

ForPeerReview Striatal Degeneration Impairs Language Learning: Evidence from  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Striatal Degeneration Impairs Language Learning: Evidence from Huntington's Disease. Running title: Striatum and language rule learning Keywords : Huntington's disease, striatum, language, rule learning, executive control Abbreviations: HD = Huntington's disease; TFC = total functional

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

427

Student reflections on peer reviewing solutions to Model-Eliciting Activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

A double-blind peer review process is embedded in the implementation of model-eliciting activities - a type of open-ended problem used in a large first-year engineering course. Students conduct the peer review along three dimensions: mathematical model, re-usability & modifiability, and audience (share-ability). Classmates bring to bear both their own solution development experience as well as their own educational and personal

Heidi A. Diefes-Dux; Matthew A. Verleger

2009-01-01

428

Face-to-face and Computer-mediated Peer Review in EFL Writing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the use of face-to-face peer review (FFPR) and computer- mediated peer review (CMPR) in an Asian English-as-a-foreign-language (EFL) academic writing context. The participants were 33 English majors from a uni- versity of science and technology in Taiwan, a new type of school offering 2-year associate degree programs in foreign language studies. Our study contributes to the research

Mei-ching Ho; Sandra J. Savignon

429

The Post-Gutenberg Open Access Journal Stevan Harnad  

E-print Network

.35 million articles per year. Refereed journals have the following properties: 1. Peer review: Every article publish only peer-reviewed scientific and scholarly research. According to Ulrich's, there are about 25 specialized in its subject matter. These experts are called `referees' or `peers' and are invited to review

Carr, Leslie

430

The New Radiation Therapy Clinical Practice: The Emerging Role of Clinical Peer Review for Radiation Therapists and Medical Dosimetrists  

SciTech Connect

The concept of peer review for radiation therapists and medical dosimetrists has been studied very little in radiation oncology practice. The purpose of this manuscript is to analyze the concept of peer review in the clinical setting for both radiation therapists and medical dosimetrists. The literature reviewed both the percentages and causes of radiation therapy deviations. The results indicate that peer review can be both implemented and evaluated into both the radiation therapist and medical dosimetrist clinical practice patterns.

Adams, Robert D.; Marks, Lawrence B. [UNC Department of Radiation Oncology, Chapel Hill, NC (United States); Pawlicki, Todd [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Diego, CA (United States); Hayman, James [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Church, Jessica, E-mail: jachurch@email.unc.ed [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

2010-01-01

431

The new radiation therapy clinical practice: the emerging role of clinical peer review for radiation therapists and medical dosimetrists.  

PubMed

The concept of peer review for radiation therapists and medical dosimetrists has been studied very little in radiation oncology practice. The purpose of this manuscript is to analyze the concept of peer review in the clinical setting for both radiation therapists and medical dosimetrists. The literature reviewed both the percentages and causes of radiation therapy deviations. The results indicate that peer review can be both implemented and evaluated into both the radiation therapist and medical dosimetrist clinical practice patterns. PMID:21055612

Adams, Robert D; Marks, Lawrence B; Pawlicki, Todd; Hayman, James; Church, Jessica

2010-01-01

432

Peer-reviewed forensic consultation in practice: multidisciplinary oversight in common expertise.  

PubMed

The fallibility of forensic science consultation is an ongoing and major justice concern. Prospective peer-reviewed forensic consultation has over 10years of application in American criminal and civil courts, adapting from the traditional oversight of teaching hospitals, rules of evidence and discovery, conventions of testimony of expert witnesses, and attorneys' overall trial strategy. In systematizing heightened oversight, this process ensures greater accountability in forensic science consultation. The integration of peer reviewers' complementary expertise and experience enhances the sophistication and overall quality of assessment. Forensic examination frequently involves the interface of different specialties. Multidisciplinary peer review augments expert proficiency with that of professional peers having different vantage points from relevant scientific disciplines. This approach ensures greater sophistication of a case inquiry, built-in accountability, and streamlined processes when multiple experts are necessitated. Here, the authors present examples of several cases and the primary and secondary benefits of this collaborative, rigorous, cross-disciplinary exercise. PMID:24593117

Welner, Michael; Davey, Emily E; Bernstein, Adam

2014-09-01

433

76 FR 55384 - External Peer Review Meeting for the Draft Guidance of Applying Quantitative Data To Develop Data...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...100/J-11/001; FRL-9460-1] External Peer Review Meeting for the Draft Guidance...to members of the review panel. The external review draft does not represent Agency...intends to consider the comments from the external peer review meeting along with...

2011-09-07

434

Peer Review of Grant Applications: Criteria Used and Qualitative Study of Reviewer Practices  

PubMed Central

Background Peer review of grant applications has been criticized as lacking reliability. Studies showing poor agreement among reviewers supported this possibility but usually focused on reviewers scores and failed to investigate reasons for disagreement. Here, our goal was to determine how reviewers rate applications, by investigating reviewer practices and grant assessment criteria. Methods and Findings We first collected and analyzed a convenience sample of French and international calls for proposals and assessment guidelines, from which we created an overall typology of assessment criteria comprising nine domains relevance to the call for proposals, usefulness, originality, innovativeness, methodology, feasibility, funding, ethical aspects, and writing of the grant application. We then performed a qualitative study of reviewer practices, particularly regarding the use of assessment criteria, among reviewers of the French Academic Hospital Research Grant Agencies (Programmes Hospitaliers de Recherche Clinique, PHRCs). Semi-structured interviews and observation sessions were conducted. Both the time spent assessing each grant application and the assessment methods varied across reviewers. The assessment criteria recommended by the PHRCs were listed by all reviewers as frequently evaluated and useful. However, use of the PHRC criteria was subjective and varied across reviewers. Some reviewers gave the same weight to each assessment criterion, whereas others considered originality to be the most important criterion (12/34), followed by methodology (10/34) and feasibility (4/34). Conceivably, this variability might adversely affect the reliability of the review process, and studies evaluating this hypothesis would be of interest. Conclusions Variability across reviewers may result in mistrust among grant applicants about the review process. Consequently, ensuring transparency is of the utmost importance. Consistency in the review process could also be improved by providing common definitions for each assessment criterion and uniform requirements for grant application submissions. Further research is needed to assess the feasibility and acceptability of these measures. PMID:23029386

Abdoul, Hendy; Perrey, Christophe; Amiel, Philippe; Tubach, Florence; Gottot, Serge; Durand-Zaleski, Isabelle; Alberti, Corinne

2012-01-01

435

Discussion of Comments from a Peer Review of A Technique for Human Event Anlysis (ATHEANA)  

SciTech Connect

In May of 1998, a technical basis and implementation guidelines document for A Technique for Human Event Analysis (ATHEANA) was issued as a draft report for public comment (NUREG-1624). In conjunction with the release of draft NUREG- 1624, a peer review of the new human reliability analysis method its documentation and the results of an initial test of the method was held over a two-day period in June 1998 in Seattle, Washington. Four internationally known and respected experts in HK4 or probabilistic risk assessment were selected to serve as the peer reviewers. In addition, approximately 20 other individuals with an interest in HRA and ATHEANA also attended the peer and were invited to provide comments. The peer review team was asked to comment on any aspect of the method or the report in which improvements could be made and to discuss its strengths and weaknesses. They were asked to focus on two major aspects: Are the basic premises of ATHEANA on solid ground and is the conceptual basis adequate? Is the ATHEANA implementation process adequate given the description of the intended users in the documentation? The four peer reviewers asked questions and provided oral comments during the peer review meeting and provided written comments approximately two weeks after the completion of the meeting. This paper discusses their major comments.

Bley, D.C.; Cooper, S.E.; Forester, J.A.; Kolaczkowski, A.M.; Ramey-Smith, A,; Wreathall J.

1999-01-28

436

REPORT ON THE PEER REVIEW OF THE U.S. EPA'S "Perchlorate ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION: TOXICOLOGICAL REVIEW AND RISK CHARACTERIZATION (External Review Draft)" 2002  

EPA Science Inventory

This report summarizes the comments made at a two-day independent scientific peer review meeting on the Agency's draft assessment of health and ecotoxicological effects of perchlorate, entitled Perchlorate Environmental Contamination: Toxicological Review and Risk Characteriza...

437

Reviewer acknowledgement 2013  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control would like to thank the following colleagues for their assistance with peer review of manuscripts for the journal in 2013. PMID:24433391

2014-01-01

438

Peer Attachment: A Meta-Analytic Review of Gender and Age Differences and Associations with Parent Attachment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In adolescence, peers represent key actors within individual social network. Given the relevance of peer connections and the growing literature examining them, the purpose of this article was to review, through a meta-analytic approach, studies on adolescent and youth peer relationships within the theoretical framework of attachment. First, we

Gorrese, Anna; Ruggieri, Ruggero

2012-01-01

439

An Overview and Analysis of Journal Operations, Journal Publication Patterns, and Journal Impact in School Psychology and Related Fields  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the results of three studies designed to understand better the journal operations, publishing practices, and impact of school psychology journals in recent years. The first study presents the results of a survey focusing on journal operations and peer-review practices that was completed by 61 journal editors of school

Floyd, Randy G.; Cooley, Kathryn M.; Arnett, James E.; Fagan, Thomas K.; Mercer, Sterett H.; Hingle, Christine

2011-01-01

440

Reviewer acknowledgement  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers The Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicinewhich received its first Impact Factor in 2013is extremely grateful for the time, hard work and support of its highly-qualified peer reviewers. The editors of the Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, the Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation and BioMed Central would like to show our appreciation by thanking the following people for their assistance reviewing manuscripts for the journal in 2013.

2014-01-01

441

The New Radiation Therapy Clinical Practice: The Emerging Role of Clinical Peer Review for Radiation Therapists and Medical Dosimetrists  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of peer review for radiation therapists and medical dosimetrists has been studied very little in radiation oncology practice. The purpose of this manuscript is to analyze the concept of peer review in the clinical setting for both radiation therapists and medical dosimetrists. The literature reviewed both the percentages and causes of radiation therapy deviations. The results indicate that

Robert D. Adams; Lawrence B. Marks; Todd Pawlicki; James Hayman; Jessica Church

2010-01-01

442

Effect of antenatal peer support on breastfeeding initiation: a systematic review  

PubMed Central

Background Our objective was to examine the effect of antenatal peer support on rates of breastfeeding initiation. Methods We performed a systematic review of randomized controlled trials, quasi-randomized trials and cohort studies with concurrent controls. We searched the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), the National Research Register and the British Nursing Index from inception or from 1980 to 2009. We carried out study selection, data abstraction and quality assessment independently and in duplicate. We defined high-quality studies as those that minimized the risk of at least three of the following types of bias: selection, performance, measurement and attrition bias. We calculated risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for individual studies and undertook separate meta-analyses for high-quality trials of universal peer support and targeted peer support. We did not include low-quality studies. Results We selected 11 studies, which involved 5445 women in total. Seven of these studies (involving 4416 women in total) evaluated universal peer support, and four studies (involving 1029 women in total) targeted antenatal peer support. In the three high-quality studies of universal peer support, all involving low-income women, the relative risk for not initiating breastfeeding was 0.96 (95% CI 0.761.22). In the three high-quality studies of antenatal peer support that targeted women considering breastfeeding, the relative risk for not initiating breastfeeding was 0.64 (95% CI 0.41 0.99). Interpretation Universal antenatal peer support does not appear to improve rates of breastfeeding initiation, but targeted antenatal peer support may be beneficial. This effect may be related to context, however, so any new peer-support program should undergo concurrent high-quality evaluation. PMID:20940234

Ingram, Lucy; MacArthur, Christine; Khan, Khalid; Deeks, Jonathan J.; Jolly, Kate

2010-01-01

443

Introduction to Scientific Journals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students are introduced to locating and reading peer-reviewed scientific journal articles. It helps ease students into the process of locating, reading, and using journal publications. This activity can be done entirely in class or a combination of in-class with homework assigned. It is a helpful way to lead students toward searching for and using the peer-reviewed literature in their own research.

Shinneman, Avery

444

A simulation of disagreement for control of rational cheating in peer review Francisco Grimaldo  

E-print Network

A simulation of disagreement for control of rational cheating in peer review Francisco Grimaldo "rational cheat- ing") aimed to prevent papers better than their own to be accepted. We show how a programme evidence coming from both the analysis and review of the process as it is, as well as from the creation

Grimaldo, Francisco

445

Final Independent External Peer Review Report Olmsted Locks and Dam 52 and 53 Replacement  

E-print Network

Final Independent External Peer Review Report Olmsted Locks and Dam 52 and 53 Replacement Project Review Report Olmsted Locks and Dam 52 and 53 Replacement Project Post Authorization Change Report--0002 Task Order: 0005 #12;This page is intentionally left blank. #12;Olmsted Locks and Dam PACR IEPR i

US Army Corps of Engineers

446

Interactive Learning through Web-Mediated Peer Review of Student Science Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies analyzed impacts of writing and receiving web-mediated peer reviews on revision of research reports by undergraduate science students. After conducting toxicology experiments, 77 students posted draft reports and exchanged double-blind reviews. The first study randomly assigned students to four groups representing full, partial, or no

Trautmann, Nancy M.

2009-01-01

447

Calibrated Peer Review Texas A&M University  

E-print Network

? A web-based instructional writing and peer assessing tool Originated in the Molecular Science Project: cpr.tamu.edu Faculty create assignments with instructions, suggested resources, questions to guide, an NSF-sponsored chemistry reform project (DUE 95-55605) at UCLA Enables your students to learn

448

Implementing Student Peer Review: Opportunity versus Change Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reflects on the implementation of a peer-assessment innovation in a large first-year geography unit. While the innovation had been carefully researched, difficulties in the implementation drew the authors' attention to the need for more change management to be built into the design and development. Focusing specifically on the teacher

Pharo, Emma; De Salas, Kristy

2009-01-01

449

Journal Review Guidelines In general our lab will use our weekly group meeting as a "journal club" every other  

E-print Network

Journal Review Guidelines In general our lab will use our weekly group meeting as a "journal for the journal club is responsible for selecting the paper to review, distributing the paper to lab members and the presentation. Journal. We will focus our review on papers published in "high impact" journals. While

George, Steven C.

450

BRAINA JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY BOOK REVIEW  

E-print Network

BRAINA JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY BOOK REVIEW Ingredients for a brain In thinking about components of the brain that are important for mental function, there are several obvious things to consider. The brain.g. lattice). Studies of the brain's wiring diagram also suggest the presence of regions that act as hubs

Rolls, Edmund T.

451

NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE | VOL 3 | JUNE 2013 | www.nature.com/natureclimatechange 525 Beginning this month, this journal (along  

E-print Network

with the single-blind peer review process currently used by the Nature family of journals, including Nature -- as an option to authors -- double-blind peer review. Under this system, reviewers will keep their anonymity are aware, of course, that double- blind peer review also has some possible shortcomings. Some candidate

Cai, Long

452

Co-publication with Journal of Physics: Conference Series  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 11th European Conference on Applied Superconductivity (EUCAS'13) was held on 15-19 September 2013 in Genoa, Italy. A selection of papers, invited by the conference organisers and peer reviewed by the journal, are published here in a special issue of Superconductor Science and Technology. The proceedings, after peer review, are published in Journal of Physics: Conference Series.

2014-04-01

453

The Value of Peer Learning in Undergraduate Nursing Education: A Systematic Review  

PubMed Central

The study examined various methods of peer learning and their effectiveness in undergraduate nursing education. Using a specifically developed search strategy, healthcare databases were systematically searched for peer-reviewed articles, with studies involving peer learning and students in undergraduate general nursing courses (in both clinical and theoretical settings) being included. The studies were published in English between 2001 and 2010. Both study selection and quality analysis were undertaken independently by two researchers using published guidelines and data was thematically analyzed to answer the research questions. Eighteen studies comprising various research methods were included. The variety of terms used for peer learning and variations between study designs and assessment measures affected the reliability of the study. The outcome measures showing improvement in either an objective effect or subjective assessment were considered a positive result with sixteen studies demonstrating positive aspects to peer learning including increased confidence, competence, and a decrease in anxiety. We conclude that peer learning is a rapidly developing aspect of nursing education which has been shown to develop students' skills in communication, critical thinking, and self-confidence. Peer learning was shown to be as effective as the conventional classroom lecture method in teaching undergraduate nursing students. PMID:23691355

Cant, Robyn

2013-01-01

454

Conflicts of interest in medical science: peer usage, peer review and `CoI consultancy'  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, the perception has grown that conflicts of interest are having a detrimental effect on medical science as it influences health policy and clinical practice, leading medical journals to enforce self-declaration of potential biases in the attempt to counteract or compensate for the problem.Conflict of interest (CoI) declarations have traditionally been considered inappropriate in pure science since its

Bruce G Charlton

2004-01-01

455

A Comparison of Anonymous Versus Identifiable e-Peer Review on College Student Writing Performance and the Extent of Critical Feedback  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review has become commonplace in composition courses and is increasingly employed in the context of telecommunication technology. The purpose of this experiment was to compare the effects of anonymous and identifiable electronic peer (e-peer) review on college student writing performance and the extent of critical peer feedback. Participants were 92 undergraduate freshmen in four English composition classes enrolled in

Ruiling Lu

2007-01-01

456

The Validation of Peer Review through Research Impact Measures and the Implications for Funding Strategies  

PubMed Central

There is a paucity of data in the literature concerning the validation of the grant application peer review process, which is used to help direct billions of dollars in research funds. Ultimately, this validation will hinge upon empirical data relating the output of funded projects to the predictions implicit in the overall scientific merit scores from the peer review of submitted applications. In an effort to address this need, the American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS) conducted a retrospective analysis of peer review data of 2,063 applications submitted to a particular research program and the bibliometric output of the resultant 227 funded projects over an 8-year period. Peer review scores associated with applications were found to be moderately correlated with the total time-adjusted citation output of funded projects, although a high degree of variability existed in the data. Analysis over time revealed that as average annual scores of all applications (both funded and unfunded) submitted to this program improved with time, the average annual citation output per application increased. Citation impact did not correlate with the amount of funds awarded per application or with the total annual programmatic budget. However, the number of funded applications per year was found to correlate well with total annual citation impact, suggesting that improving funding success rates by reducing the size of awards may be an efficient strategy to optimize the scientific impact of research program portfolios. This strategy must be weighed against the need for a balanced research portfolio and the inherent high costs of some areas of research. The relationship observed between peer review scores and bibliometric output lays the groundwork for establishing a model system for future prospective testing of the validity of peer review formats and procedures. PMID:25184367

Gallo, Stephen A.; Carpenter, Afton S.; Irwin, David; McPartland, Caitlin D.; Travis, Joseph; Reynders, Sofie; Thompson, Lisa A.; Glisson, Scott R.

2014-01-01

457

The Validation of Peer Review through Research Impact Measures and the Implications for Funding Strategies.  

PubMed

There is a paucity of data in the literature concerning the validation of the grant application peer review process, which is used to help direct billions of dollars in research funds. Ultimately, this validation will hinge upon empirical data relating the output of funded projects to the predictions implicit in the overall scientific merit scores from the peer review of submitted applications. In an effort to address this need, the American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS) conducted a retrospective analysis of peer review data of 2,063 applications submitted to a particular research program and the bibliometric output of the resultant 227 funded projects over an 8-year period. Peer review scores associated with applications were found to be moderately correlated with the total time-adjusted citation output of funded projects, although a high degree of variability existed in the data. Analysis over time revealed that as average annual scores of all applications (both funded and unfunded) submitted to this program improved with time, the average annual citation output per application increased. Citation impact did not correlate with the amount of funds awarded per application or with the total annual programmatic budget. However, the number of funded applications per year was found to correlate well with total annual citation impact, suggesting that improving funding success rates by reducing the size of awards may be an efficient strategy to optimize the scientific impact of research program portfolios. This strategy must be weighed against the need for a balanced research portfolio and the inherent high costs of some areas of research. The relationship observed between peer review scores and bibliometric output lays the groundwork for establishing a model system for future prospective testing of the validity of peer review formats and procedures. PMID:25184367

Gallo, Stephen A; Carpenter, Afton S; Irwin, David; McPartland, Caitlin D; Travis, Joseph; Reynders, Sofie; Thompson, Lisa A; Glisson, Scott R

2014-01-01

458

Evaluating Management Information Systems, A Protocol for Automated Peer Review Systems  

PubMed Central

This paper discusses key issues in evaluating an automated Peer Review System. Included are the conceptual base, design, steps in planning structural components, operation parameters, criteria, costs and a detailed outline or protocol for use in the evaluation. At the heart of the Peer Review System is the criteria utilized for measuring quality. Criteria evaluation should embrace, as a minimum, appropriateness, validity and reliability, and completemess or comprehensiveness of content. Such an evaluation is not complete without determining the impact (clinical outcome) of the service system or the patient and the population served.

Black, Gordon C.

1980-01-01

459

Evidence. Peer-reviewed journal publications obtained from an Index Medicus search or known to members of the Working Group were the source of data on which the statement is based  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consensus Process. Following discussions with all members of the Working Group, a draft statement was prepared by the chair and circulated among all members until a consensus was reached. The consensus draft was sequentially reviewed and endorsed by the appropriate scientific and executive committees of the ACMG, ASHG, AAN, APA, and the National Institutes of Health-Department of Education Working Group

460

Science, Politics, and Peer Review: An Editor's Dilemma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the controversy that arose over an editor's decision to overrule an ad hoc action editor's acceptance of a journal article and request for additional changes to the manuscript. This controversy played out in various Internet discussion groups. Presents the editor's perspective, highlighting the need to protect the integrity and

McCarty, Richard

2002-01-01

461

Publication List Baptiste Dafflon PUBLICATIONS WITH INTERNATIONAL PEER-REVIEW  

E-print Network

ecosystem through advanced inversion of electromagnetic induction data, submitted to Vadose Zone Journal stochastic estimation of porosity distribution: Benefits of using GPR velocity tomograms in simulated-annealing-based or Bayesian sequential simulation approaches, Water Resources Research, 48, W05553, 2012. Dafflon, B., Barrash

Ajo-Franklin, Jonathan

462

The effect of peer influence and selection processes on adolescent alcohol use: a systematic review of longitudinal studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adolescent alcohol use remains an important public health concern. One of the most salient and consistent predictors for drinking behaviour among young people is peer influence. A systematic review of longitudinal studies that examined the effect of peer influence on adolescent alcohol use between January 1997 and February 2011 is presented. Twenty-two studies fulfilled inclusion criteria and were reviewed. All

Rachel K. Leung; John W. Toumbourou; Sheryl A. Hemphill

2011-01-01

463

Investigating Peer Review as an Intentional Learning Strategy to Foster Collaborative Knowledge-Building in Students of Instructional Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review has been advocated for as an intentional strategy to support the knowledge and skill attainment of adult learners preparing for professional practice, including those students preparing for instructional design and technology practice. The purposes of this article are to discuss the practical application of peer review as an

Brill, Jennifer M.; Hodges, Charles B.

2011-01-01

464

Gender Effects in the Peer Reviews of Grant Proposals: A Comprehensive Meta-Analysis Comparing Traditional and Multilevel Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review is valued in higher education, but also widely criticized in terms of potential biases, particularly gender. We evaluate gender differences in peer reviews of grant applications, extending Bornmann, Mutz, and Daniel's meta-analyses that reported small gender differences in favor of men (d = 0.04), but a substantial heterogeneity in

Marsh, Herbert W.; Bornmann, Lutz; Mutz, Rudiger; Daniel, Hans-Dieter; O'Mara, Alison

2009-01-01

465

U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program 2011 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Report  

SciTech Connect

This document summarizes the comments provided by peer reviewers on hydrogen and fuel cell projects presented at the FY 2011 U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting (AMR), held May 9-13, 2011 in Arlington, Virginia

Satypal, S.

2011-09-01

466

Holding up the mirror: how to use quality assurance, peer review to improve sexual health.  

PubMed

The Office for Sexual Health was established in the southwest of England in January 2010 as a Department of Health pilot to bring together all elements of sexual health policy to address the fragmentation of effort created by having separate national programmes for different elements of sexual health. The Office for Sexual Health established a peer review process to quality assure the commissioning, delivery, evaluation and governance of sexual heath services across the southwest, based on a whole system, partnership approach to improvement that focused on all aspects of sexual health. This was carried out under the auspices of a sexual health services stakeholder Board, chaired by a Primary Care Trust Chief Executive, with a clear focus on providing leadership for continued improvement. The methodology involved local areas undertaking a self-assessment against national standards and providing evidence to underpin this, a review of data and a 1-day peer review visit. Each local area received feedback on the day and a follow-up report with recommendations. An evaluation of the peer review programme was carried out. The programme identified some common issues across local areas, which were addressed at an above local level by the Office for Sexual Health. Evaluation highlighted that the programme was valued by peer reviewers for sharing learning and that local areas had found the feedback constructive and helpful. PMID:24243715

Womack, Justine; Kell, Philip; Scally, Gabriel

2013-12-01

467

Modelling the effects of subjective and objective decision making in scientific peer review.  

PubMed

The objective of science is to advance knowledge, primarily in two interlinked ways: circulating ideas, and defending or criticizing the ideas of others. Peer review acts as the gatekeeper to these mechanisms. Given the increasing concern surrounding the reproducibility of much published research, it is critical to understand whether peer review is intrinsically susceptible to failure, or whether other extrinsic factors are responsible that distort scientists' decisions. Here we show that even when scientists are motivated to promote the truth, their behaviour may be influenced, and even dominated, by information gleaned from their peers' behaviour, rather than by their personal dispositions. This phenomenon, known as herding, subjects the scientific community to an inherent risk of converging on an incorrect answer and raises the possibility that, under certain conditions, science may not be self-correcting. We further demonstrate that exercising some subjectivity in reviewer decisions, which serves to curb the herding process, can be beneficial for the scientific community in processing available information to estimate truth more accurately. By examining the impact of different models of reviewer decisions on the dynamic process of publication, and thereby on eventual aggregation of knowledge, we provide a new perspective on the ongoing discussion of how the peer-review process may be improved. PMID:24305052

Park, In-Uck; Peacey, Mike W; Munaf, Marcus R

2014-02-01

468

Herbert Hoover Dike Consensus Report: External Peer Review of DSAC-1 Projects.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The DSAC (Dam Safety Action Classification) External Peer Review Panel has found that the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Class I designation (Urgent and Compelling) for Herbert Hoover Dike (HHD) under EC 1110-2-6064 INTERIM RISK REDUCTION MEASURES FOR DAM S...

2007-01-01

469

Influence of interdisciplinarity on peer-review and bibliometric evaluations in physics research  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is often argued that interdisciplinary research is valued less in both qualitative (peer-review based) as well as in quantitative (bibliometric) assessments. A recent extensive, nation-wide evaluation of all academic physics groups in the Netherlands allowed us to investigate this problem empirically. Therefore, we first developed an operationalization of interdisciplinarity. On the basis of our findings, we refute the above

E. J. Rinia; Th. N. van Leeuwen; H. G. van Vuren; A. F. J. van Raan

2001-01-01

470

Embedding Research in a Field-Based Module through Peer Review and Assessment for Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case study is presented of embedding research in a final year undergraduate, field-based, physical geography module. The approach is holistic, whereby research-based learning activities simulate the full life cycle of research from inception through to peer review and publication. The learning, teaching and assessment strategy emphasizes the

Nicholson, Dawn T.

2011-01-01

471

Publications on Land Use/Cover Change and Deforestation Peer-Reviewed Articles  

E-print Network

Publications on Land Use/Cover Change and Deforestation Peer-Reviewed Articles Pricope, N. G., G. López-Carr, D. Redo, M. Bonilla, M. Levy (2013). Deforestation and reforestation of Latin America and the Caribbean (2001-2010). Biotropica. 45(2): 262-271. López-Carr, D. and J. Burgdorfer (2013) "Deforestation

Lopez-Carr, David

472

Political Intervention in Scientific Peer Review: Research on Adolescent Sexual Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1991, the secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) rescinded funding for a survey of adolescent health risk-taking behavior. The decision overturned a series of scientific and ethical peer and administrative reviews of the research, which had been chosen in a competitive evaluation of proposals to advance knowledge about the prevention of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and other diseases.

William Gardner; Brian L. Wilcox

1993-01-01

473

The Effect of Peer Reviewing on Writing Apprehension and Essay Writing Ability of Prospective EFL Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to ascertain the current level of writing apprehension experienced by Saudi prospective EFL teachers and their current level of essay writing ability. It also aimed to assess the impact of peer reviewing on their writing apprehension level and essay writing ability. Data collection was carried out via two instruments: Second

Jahin, Jamal Hamed

2012-01-01

474

Calibrated Peer Review Essays Increase Student Confidence in Assessing Their Own Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The online writing software Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) is a useful tool for assigning writing assignments in large college classes. In this system, students submit essays online and are guided in how to rate essays using criteria written by the instructor. The instructor does not have to grade the essays, and CPR has educational benefits that

Likkel, Lauren

2012-01-01

475

Final Independent External Peer Review Report Integrated Feasibility Study and Environmental  

E-print Network

Independent External Peer Review Report Integrated Feasibility Study and Environmental Impact Statement and Environmental Impact Statement for the LCA-Small Diversion at Convent/Blind River (St. James Parish, Louisiana project, an IEPR was conducted for the Integrated Feasibility Study and Environmental Impact Statement

US Army Corps of Engineers

476

Assessment of Programming Language Learning Based on Peer Code Review Model: Implementation and Experience Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The traditional assessment approach, in which one single written examination counts toward a student's total score, no longer meets new demands of programming language education. Based on a peer code review process model, we developed an online assessment system called "EduPCR" and used a novel approach to assess the learning of computer

Wang, Yanqing; Li, Hang; Feng, Yuqiang; Jiang, Yu; Liu, Ying

2012-01-01

477

Peer Review and Nuanced Power Structures: Writing and Learning within the Age of Connectivism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through a Foucauldian lens, this article examines the affordances and constraints of an online peer-review program in four special education English language arts classes in two New York City middle schools. Data from classroom observations, teacher interviews, and online student spaces and artifacts provide insight into the technologies of power

Abrams, Sandra Schamroth

2013-01-01

478

Independent External Peer Review Report Rough River Dam 18 August 2011 ii  

E-print Network

River Project Description 2 3 IEPR Process 5 3.1 Planning and Schedule 5 3.2 Selection of Panel 6 3 American Society of Civil Engineers conflict of interest DSAC Dam Safety Action Classification DSMS Dam Information System Hydrologic Engineering Center Independent External Peer Review ISO International

US Army Corps of Engineers

479

Final Independent External Peer Review Report Mohawk Dam Major Rehabilitation Report  

E-print Network

(unsafe or potentially unsafe) project. Rehabilitation is needed to correct these seepage problemsFinal Independent External Peer Review Report Mohawk Dam Major Rehabilitation Report Warsaw, Ohio Report Mohawk Dam Major Rehabilitation Report Warsaw, Ohio by Battelle 505 King Avenue Columbus, OH 43201

US Army Corps of Engineers

480

Radioactive Waste Isolation in Salt: Peer review of documents dealing with geophysical investigations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Salt Repository Project, a US Department of Energy program to develop a mined repository in salt for high-level radioactive waste, is governed by a complex and sometimes inconsistent array of laws, administrative regulations, guidelines, and position papers. In conducting multidisciplinary peer reviews of contractor documents in support of this project, Argonne National Laboratory has needed to inform its expert

L. D. McGinnis; R. H. Bowen

1987-01-01

481

ForPeerReview Biogeochemical reduction processes in a hyper-alkaline  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Only Biogeochemical reduction processes in a hyper-alkaline affected leachate soil processes in a hyper-alkaline affected leachate soil profile1 2 Ian T. Burke1* , Robert J.G. Mortimer1 in a buried, saturated, organic­16 rich soil layer at pH 12.3. The soil has been trapped beneath calcite

Burke, Ian

482

An Analysis of Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) in a Science Lecture Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) is an online tool being used to integrate a writing component in classrooms. In an introductory zoology lecture class, the authors found that CPR-assigned scores were significantly higher than instructor-assigned scores on two of three essay assignments. They also found that neither students' technical-writing skills

Walvoord, Mark E.; Hoefnagels, Marielle H.; Gaffin, Douglas D.; Chumchal, Matthew M.; Long, David A.

2008-01-01

483

Peer Review in Academic Promotion and Publishing: Its Meaning, Locus, and Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of its Andrew W. Mellon Foundation-funded Future of Scholarly Communication Project, the Center for Studies in Higher Education (CSHE) has hosted two meetings to explore how peer review relates to scholarly communication and academic values. In preparation for an April 2010 workshop, four working papers were developed and circulated. They

Harley, Diane; Acord, Sophia Krzys; Earl-Novell, Sarah

2010-01-01

484

The Future of Peer Review in the Humanities Is Wide Open  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nobody likes the current system of peer review, and most everybody agrees it should move online. But from there, opinions diverge. As humanities editors continue to experiment with Web-based technology, two proposed online tools are highlighting disagreement over what needs fixing. Peter H. Sigal, a blue-haired associate professor of history at

Mole, Beth

2012-01-01

485

ForPeerReview Inner-Core Vacillation Cycles during the Intensification of Hurricane Katrina 1  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Inner-Core Vacillation Cycles during the Intensification of Hurricane Katrina 1 Inner-Core Vacillation Cycles during the Intensification of Hurricane Katrina Nguyen Chi Maia, Michael J. Reedera, Noel E.Nguyen@sci.monash.edu.au A simulation of Hurricane Katrina (2005) using the Australian Bureau of Meteorology's model TCLAPS shows

Smith, Roger K.

486

Independent External Peer Review Report Wood River 19 August 2011 ii  

E-print Network

-FDA Hydrologic Engineering Center Flood Damage Reduction Analysis HIS Habitat Suitability Index HTRW Hazardous District Council USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers yr year(s) #12;Independent External Peer Review Report for the Wood River Levee System, Madison County, Illinois, for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE

US Army Corps of Engineers

487

MANUSCRIPT PEER REVIEW: A HELPFUL CHECKLIST FOR STUDENTS AND NOVICE REFEREES  

Microsoft Academic Search

he ability to contribute consistent, fundamentally sound critiques is an essential element of the scientific peer review process and an important professional skill for investigators. Despite its importance, many students and junior scientists do not have an adequate working knowledge of how to effectively critique research manuscripts. Part of the problem, in our view, is that novice referees often lack

Douglas R. Seals; Hirofumi Tanaka

488

Peer Reviewed A New GPSGSM-Based Method to Study Behavior of  

E-print Network

Grizzly Bear Research Team, Bozeman, Mont., USA, unpublished report 1981). Radiotracking is laborPeer Reviewed A New GPS­GSM-Based Method to Study Behavior of Brown Bears JANNE SUNDELL,1 brown bear (Ursus arctos) behavior. The method combines the technologies of Global Positioning Systems

Hanski, Ilkka

489

Interrater Reliability to Assure Valid Content in Peer Review of CME-Accredited Presentations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) provides guidelines for continuing medical education (CME) materials to mitigate problems in the independence or validity of content in certified activities; however, the process of peer review of materials appears largely unstudied and the reproducibility of

Quigg, Mark; Lado, Fred A.

2009-01-01

490

HUDSON RIVER PCBs SITE Peer Review of Phase 1 DredgingFinal Report  

EPA Science Inventory

This report summarizes the independent peer review of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Phase 1 Evaluation Report, the General Electric Company (GE) Phase 1 Evaluation Report, and supporting information. The Phase 1 Evaluation Reports presented EPA and GE?s evaluati...

491

HUDSON RIVER PCBS SUPERFUND SITE RECORD OF DECISION PERFORMANCE STANDARDS PEER REVIEW  

EPA Science Inventory

The independent external peer review of dredging resuspension, PCB residuals, and production rate performance standards and the attendant monitoring program, as well as a report prepared at the end of the first phase of dredging. The report will allow comparison of dredging oper...

492

Work in Progress: Self Evaluation Through Monitored Peer Review Using the Moodle Platform  

Microsoft Academic Search

We developed a module for the Moodle open-source eLearning platform through which undergraduate students can Build, Answer and Evaluate by blind peer review questions related to a course subject. In the first learning phase the students can build and submit questions. Selected questions are candidates for inclusion in later tests. After the test a reference solution and evaluation criteria is

M. Zenha-Rela; R. Carvalho

2006-01-01

493

Application of Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) Writing Assignments to Enhance Experiments with an Environmental Chemistry Focus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The browser-based software program, Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) developed by the Molecular Science Project enables instructors to create structured writing assignments in which students learn by writing and reading for content. Though the CPR project covers only one experiment in general chemistry, it might provide lab instructors with a method

Margerum, Lawrence D.; Gulsrud, Maren; Manlapez, Ronald; Rebong, Rachelle; Love, Austin

2007-01-01

494

Process improvement of peer code review and behavior analysis of its participants  

Microsoft Academic Search

The software industry is urging on universities and colleges to cultivate software engineers who can write high quality programs. Peer code review (PCR) is accepted as an ideal way to maximize the learning outcome of students in writing quality code. Using this learning process, students improve their skills while scientific and efficient management removes the extra burden from instructors such

WANG Yan-qing; LI Yi-jun; Michael Collins; LIU Pei-jie

2008-01-01

495

REVIEWSA PEER REVIEWED FORUM Mechanisms of Muscle Growth and Atrophy in  

E-print Network

: The loss of skeletal muscle mass (atrophy) that accompanies disuse and systemic diseases is highly in functional capacity. In addition, there is a pro- gressive loss of muscle mass and strength in the ageda REVIEWS­A PEER REVIEWED FORUM Mechanisms of Muscle Growth and Atrophy in Mammals and Drosophila

Perrimon, Norbert

496

A Synthesis of the Peer-Reviewed Differential Bundle Functioning Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article was to present a synthesis of the peer-reviewed differential bundle functioning (DBF) research that has been conducted to date. A total of 16 studies were synthesized according to the following characteristics: tests used and learner groups, organizing principles used for developing bundles, DBF detection methods used,

Banks, Kathleen

2013-01-01

497

Using Student Peer Review of Experiment Reports in an Undergraduate Physics Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A class centered on student design of experiments and peer review of the resulting reports is described. Thirteen students in an honors seminar section of an introductory physics class designed experiments to test various types of paranormal phenomena. Each experimental report was evaluated and ranked by several other students. To give them

Moran, Timothy; Van Hook, Stephen J.

2006-01-01

498

Peer Review and Teacher Leadership: Linking Professionalism and Accountability. Series on School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines a policy that is one of the most powerful levers to improve teaching quality and advance teaching as a profession. Jennifer Goldstein presents the story of Rosemont, an urban district in California that created "professional accountability" with peer assistance and review (PAR), an alternative approach to teacher evaluation in

Goldstein, Jennifer

2010-01-01

499

Print vs. Online Scholarly Publishing: Notes and Reflections on the Peer Review Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses some of the major shifts in thinking about the nature of publishing and in basic beliefs regarding the peer review process in scholarly communication. Changes in the notion of ownership in the an age of technology are considered. Differences between the referee system with print publications and electronic text are outlined

Ryder, Martin

500

Peer Review of the ESR Health Risk Assessment on Dung Beetles 31 October 2013  

E-print Network

Peer Review of the ESR Health Risk Assessment on Dung Beetles 31 October 2013 General In general health risk assessment to be a good contribution to the discussion about the potential public health for the disagreements between the experts (i.e. the ESR team who undertook the health risk assessment

Sun, Jing