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1

Thank you to Virology Journal's peer reviewers in 2013  

PubMed Central

The editors of Virology Journal would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 10 (2013). The success of any scientific journal depends on an effective and strict peer review process and Virology Journal could not operate without your contribution. We are grateful to the large number of reviewers (1026 to be exact!), who have done a great job in not only lifting the quality of the journal’s scientific peer reviewing process, but also helped us to achieve our goal of a median time to first decision of just 35 days. Our record time from submission to online, open access, publication in 2013 was 22 days for a Research Article [1] and 28 days for a Review [2]. This is a great achievement by any standard. We look forward to your continuous support of Virology Journal either as an invited reviewer or a contributing author in the years to come.

2014-01-01

2

Consistency between Peer Reviewers for a Clinical Specialty Journal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of reliability among peer reviews of 422 unsolicited articles for the "Journal of Clinical Anesthesia" found that most articles' reviews were consistent or near consistent. However, articles reviewed by two of the editorial board members were much less likely to be accepted than those read by two nonmembers. (Author/MSE)

Cullen, David J.; Macaulay, Anne

1992-01-01

3

Peer-review policy and guidelines for Biochemia Medica Journal  

PubMed Central

Peer review is widely used system for evaluating manuscripts prior to publication. It has been and still is widely used tool for making justified and fair editorial decision. However, the evidence of its efficacy is limited and it has been criticized to be time-consuming, biased, inconsistent, conservative, and open to abuse. As a result, researchers, editors and policymakers have questioned its objectivity and purpose. Nevertheless, this should not be the reason for abandoning the principles of peer review, but to make the additional efforts towards its improvement. Therefore, this Research Integrity Corner aims to describe basic principles of peer review and to introduce Biochemia Medica’s guidelines for peer reviewers. Our intention is to help our peer reviewers provide evaluations that are as fair and objective as possible, while helping the journal publish innovative research of the highest quality. PMID:25351350

Smol?i?, Vesna Šupak; Šimundi?, Ana-Maria

2014-01-01

4

journals.tdl.org/twj An online, peer-reviewed journal  

E-print Network

journals.tdl.org/twj An online, peer-reviewed journal published in cooperation with the Texas Water Resources Institute Volume 1, Number 1September 2010 TEXAS WATER JOURNAL Inaugural Issue Desalination JOURNAL Editor-in-Chief Todd H. Votteler, Ph.D. Guadalupe-Blanco River Authority Editorial Board Kathy A

Yang, Zong-Liang

5

Excessive and disproportionate advertising in peer-reviewed journals.  

PubMed

The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) has outlined ethical guidelines concerning the advertising practices of peer-reviewed journals that briefly discuss issues of excessive and disproportionate advertising. The authors evaluated these guidelines using quantitative data, assessing the types and frequencies of advertising in 2001 print issues of NEJM and JAMA, two principal members of ICMJE. Advertising ratios (ratio of advertisements to editorial content) were near unity in NEJM and 0.30 in JAMA, compared with reported ratios of 0.15 among low-circulation specialty science journals and 0.80 among high-circulation consumer magazines. In both journals, five corporations placed more than 50% of all display advertisements. The findings suggest a dissonance between the ethical guidelines and the de facto advertising practices of arguably the two most important member journals of the ICMJE. There is a need to define and apply standards for excessive and disproportionate advertising. PMID:16523984

Friedman, Lee S; Richter, Elihu D

2006-01-01

6

Problems faced by editors of peer reviewed medical journals.  

PubMed

Forty-six medical and dental journals are published from Pakistan of which only 29 are currently recognized by the Pakistan Medical and Dental Council. Only a few are peer reviewed. Six are indexed in Medline while EMBASE Excerpta Medica and World Health Organization Index Medicus for Eastern Mediterranean Region cover others. Editors of the peer reviewed medical journals are faced with numerous problems, which relate to the authors. Some of these are: shortage of quality of manuscripts, poor quality of reviewers, problems with indexation in international indexing services particularly Medline, duplicate submission and authorship and lastly, financial problems. Patronage from the Pharma industry is the major source of revenue which itself has serious implications. Editing a medical journal is a very stressful job and the editors have to work under too many pressures. A lot of useful data is presented at medical conferences, but a vast majority of it remains unpublished for various reasons, which adversely affects the citation rate from scientists from the developing third world countries in the world of medical literature. A few lectures on medical writing and research methodology to final year medical students will expose them to the art of medical writing. Specialty organizations can be persuaded to have a session on medical writing at their conferences, which will be extremely helpful not only to the potential new authors but also others, thereby improving the quality of their manuscripts. In addition to regular seminars, workshops for authors, reviewers and training courses for editors, subscribing to local medical journals by healthcare professionals and libraries are some of the measures that will help improve the situation to a great extent. PMID:14968187

Jawaid, Shaukat A

2004-01-01

7

Peer Review Process in Medical Journals  

PubMed Central

Reviewers play key roles in manuscript processing and publication. This article describes in detail how the reviewer serves their two key roles as a gatekeeper of making publication recommendations for the editorial board and a consultant providing constructive comments to authors to improve the quality of the manuscripts to be published. PMID:24340158

Cho, Young Gyu

2013-01-01

8

Peer review process in medical journals.  

PubMed

Reviewers play key roles in manuscript processing and publication. This article describes in detail how the reviewer serves their two key roles as a gatekeeper of making publication recommendations for the editorial board and a consultant providing constructive comments to authors to improve the quality of the manuscripts to be published. PMID:24340158

Cho, Young Gyu; Park, Hyun Ah

2013-11-01

9

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers (except paper 082004) published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing. No external reviews were received for paper 082004. It was included at the discretion of the editors.

2014-12-01

10

Writing and Publishing a Research Paper in a Peer-Reviewed Journal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Writing and publishing a research paper in a peer-reviewed journal is a complicated process. This paper tries to take some of the mystery out of that process by describing how a good research paper should be structured, and how the journal submission process works.

Porter, Stephen R.

2007-01-01

11

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-10-01

12

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2015-01-01

13

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-11-01

14

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-12-01

15

Peer Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by Laura Guertin, Pennsylvania State University Brandywine "For generations, the academic community has relied on peer review as a way of enhancing the knowledge base and encouraging serious ...

Laura Guertin

16

Conflict of Interest and Disclosure Policies in Psychiatry and Medicine: A Comparative Study of Peer-Reviewed Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors reviewed and characterized conflict of interest (COI) and disclosure policies published in peer-reviewed psychiatric and nonpsychiatric journals. Methods: The authors examined peer-reviewed publications in the psychiatric (N=20) and nonpsychiatric (N=20) literature. Using qualitative and quantitative approaches, they…

Khurana, Gauri; Henderson, Schuyler; Walter, Garry; Martin, Andres

2012-01-01

17

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-10-01

18

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2015-01-01

19

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-12-01

20

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-12-01

21

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-11-01

22

Preparing raw clinical data for publication: guidance for journal editors, authors, and peer reviewers.  

PubMed

In recognition of the benefits of transparent reporting, many peer-reviewed journals require that their authors be prepared to share their raw, unprocessed data with other scientists and/or state the availability of raw data in published articles. But little information on how data should be prepared for publication - or sharing - has emerged. In clinical research patient privacy and consent for use of personal health information are key considerations, but agreed-upon definitions of what constitutes anonymised patient information do not appear to have been established. We aim to address this issue by providing practical guidance for those involved in the publication process, by proposing a minimum standard for de-identifying datasets for the purposes of publication in a peer-reviewed biomedical journal, or sharing with other researchers. Basic advice on file preparation is provided along with procedural guidance on prospective and retrospective publication of raw data, with an emphasis on randomised controlled trials. PMID:20113465

Hrynaszkiewicz, Iain; Norton, Melissa L; Vickers, Andrew J; Altman, Douglas G

2010-01-01

23

Guidelines for Writing Manuscripts About Community-Based Participatory Research for Peer-Reviewed Journals  

PubMed Central

Despite the importance of disseminating the results of community-based participatory research (CBPR), community health partnerships face many challenges in getting their work published. The purpose of this article is to present practical guides for writing about CBPR for those who have little experience in writing for publication or those who want to help their partners write strong manuscripts for peer-reviewed journals. The article includes tips on how to organize each part of a manuscript, suggestions on how partners can collaborate on preparing manuscripts, recommendations on how to convey unique aspects of a partnership’s work throughout a manuscript, and an annotated bibliography of well-written CBPR articles. By understanding how to prepare a manuscript about CBPR for a peer-reviewed journal, authors should be more effective in disseminating information that will help other communities to benefit from their partnership’s work. PMID:20208291

Bordeaux, Bryan C.; Wiley, Crystal; Tandon, S. Darius; Horowitz, Carol R.; Brown, Pamela Bohrer; Bass, Eric B.

2015-01-01

24

The Neuroscience Peer Review Consortium  

PubMed Central

As the Neuroscience Peer Review Consortium (NPRC) ends its first year, it is worth looking back to see how the experiment has worked. In order to encourage dissemination of the details outlined in this Editorial, it will also be published in other journals in the Neuroscience Peer Review Consortium. PMID:19284614

Saper, Clifford B; Maunsell, John HR

2009-01-01

25

A short guide to peer-reviewed, MEDLINE-indexed complementary and alternative medicine journals.  

PubMed

Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) comprises a multitude of disciplines, for example, acupuncture, ayurvedic medicine, biofeedback, herbal medicine, and homeopathic medicine. While research on CAM interventions has increased and the CAM literature has proliferated since the mid-1990s, a number of our colleagues have expressed difficulties in deciding where to publish CAM articles. In response, we created a short guide to peer-reviewed MEDLINE-indexed journals that publish CAM articles. We examined numerous English-language sources to identify titles that met our criteria, whether specific to or overlapping CAM. A few of the resources in which we found the journal titles that we included are Alternative Medicine Foundation, American Holistic Nurses Association, CINAHL/Nursing Database, Journal Citation Reports database, MEDLINE, PubMed, and Research Council for Complementary Medicine. We organized the 69 selected titles for easy use by creating 2 user-friendly tables, one listing titles in alphabetical order and one listing them in topical categories. A few examples of the topical categories are Acupuncture, CAM (general), Chinese Medicine, Herbal/Plant/Phytotherapy, Neuroscience/Psychology, Nursing/Clinical Care. Our study is the first to list general CAM journals, specialty CAM journals, and overlapping mainstream journals that are peer reviewed, in English, and indexed in MEDLINE. Our goal was to assist both authors seeking publication and mainstream journal editors who receive an overabundance of publishable articles but must recommend that authors seek publication elsewhere due to space and priority issues. Publishing in journals indexed by and included in MEDLINE (or PubMed) ensures that citations to articles will be found easily. PMID:22517352

Morgan, Sherry; Littman, Lynn; Palmer, Christina; Singh, Gurneet; LaRiccia, Patrick J

2012-01-01

26

Thanking our peer reviewers  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers As 2013 commences I would like to take a moment to reflect and recognize the peer reviewers that made the previous year possible. Listed below are those people who reviewed for Molecular Cancer last year. All are generous individuals who donated their time to assessing and improving our authors’ submissions. Your combined efforts have been invaluable to the editorial staff in maintaining the continued success of the journal in the Open Access forum. The editors of Molecular Cancer would like to thank all the reviewers who contributed to the journal in Volume 11 (2012) by participating in the review process - taking time out of your busy schedules and even to volunteer - without your critical insights, hard work and support for the journal we wouldn’t be able to do what we do.

2013-01-01

27

Calibrated Peer Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What is Calibrated Peer ReviewTM? Calibrated Peer ReviewTM (CPR) (more info) is a web-based writing and peer review tool free to instructors and their classes. Students write short essays on a given topic following ...

28

Denis White ~ Publications PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES  

E-print Network

. A simplified ecological footprint at a regional scale. Journal of Environmental Management 111:279-286. White D, Olszyk D. 2012. In Oregon, the EPA calculates nature's worth now and in the future. Solutions 2 E, White D, Bael D, Lawler JJ. 2008. Efficiency of incentives to jointly increase carbon

Jenny, Bernhard

29

Journal peer review in context: A qualitative study of the social and subjective dimensions of manuscript review in biomedical publishing.  

PubMed

Peer- and editorial review of research submitted to biomedical journals ('manuscript review') is frequently argued to be essential for ensuring scientific quality and the dissemination of important ideas, but there is also broad agreement that manuscript review is often unsuccessful in achieving its goals. Problems with manuscript review are frequently attributed to the social and subjective dimensions of the process (e.g., bias and conflict of interest). While there have been numerous efforts to improve the process, these have had limited success. This may be because these efforts do not account sufficiently for all of the social and subjective dimensions of the process. We set out, therefore, to characterise the most salient social and subjective dimensions of the manuscript review process, from the perspective of practising reviewers and editors. Open-ended interviews were carried out with 35 journal editors, and peer reviewers in the U.K., U.S.A. and Australia. It emerged from these interviews that reviewers and editors were conscious of a number of social and subjective influences on the review process including: a wide variety of motivations for participation, complex relations of power, epistemic authority and moral responsibility, and unavoidable prejudice and intuition. Importantly, these social and subjective influences were often viewed positively and were seen as expressions of, rather than threats to, editors' and reviewers' epistemic authority and expertise. From this we conclude that the social and subjective dimensions of biomedical manuscript review should be made more explicit, accommodated and even encouraged, not only because these dimensions of human relationships and judgements are unavoidable, but because their explicit presence is likely to enrich, rather than threaten the manuscript review process. We suggest a 'dialectical' model which can simultaneously accommodate, and embrace, all dimensions of the manuscript review process. PMID:21388730

Lipworth, Wendy L; Kerridge, Ian H; Carter, Stacy M; Little, Miles

2011-04-01

30

The "Peer" in "Peer Review"  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Peer review is the best available mechanism for assessing and improving the quality of scientific work. As herpetology broadens its disciplinary and geographic boundaries, high-quality external review is ever more essential. We are writing this editorial jointly because the review process has become increasingly difficult. The resulting delays slow publication times, negatively affect performance reviews, tenure, promotions, and grant proposal success. It harms authors, agencies, and institutions (Ware 2011).

Perry, Gad; Bertoluci, Jaime; Bury, Bruce; Hansen, Robert W.; Jehle, Robert; Measey, John; Moon, Brad R.; Muths, Erin; Zuffi, Marco A.L.

2011-01-01

31

Content Analysis of Oncology-Related Pharmaceutical Advertising in a Peer-Reviewed Medical Journal  

PubMed Central

Background The oncology market represents one of the largest pharmaceutical markets in any medical field, and printed advertising in medical journals is an important channel by which pharmaceutical companies communicate with healthcare professionals. The aim of the present study was to analyze the volume and content of and trends and changes in oncology-related advertising intended for healthcare professionals in a peer-reviewed medical journal. Information that could be included in advertisements to promote drug development and improve treatment strategies for cancer patients is discussed on the basis of the results of the analysis. Methods/Principal Findings Overall, 6,720 advertisements covering 13,039 pages in a leading oncology medical journal published (by the American Society of Clinical Oncology) between January 2005 and December 2009 were analyzed. The advertisements targeting pharmaceuticals and clinical trials, in particular, were reviewed. A total of 6,720 advertisements covering 13,039 pages were included in the analysis. For the years 2005–2009, the percentages of total journal pages dedicated to advertising were 24.0%, 45.7%, 49.8%, 46.8%, and 49.8%, respectively. Package insert information and efficacy and safety explanations appeared in more than 80% of advertisements intended for pharmaceutical promotion. From 2005 to 2009, the overall quantity of drug advertisements decreased by approximately 13%, whereas advertisements calling for the enrollment of patients into registration trials increased by approximately 11%. Conclusion/Significance Throughout the study period, oncology-related pharmaceutical advertisements occupied a considerable number of pages relative to other journal content. The proportion of advertisements on ongoing clinical trials increased progressively throughout the study period. PMID:22952970

Yonemori, Kan; Hirakawa, Akihiro; Ando, Masashi; Hirata, Taizo; Yunokawa, Mayu; Shimizu, Chikako; Tamura, Kenji; Fujiwara, Yasuhiro

2012-01-01

32

Re-Viewing Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author revisits her essay, "Students as Readers of Their Classmates' Writing," by providing a review of the literature on peer review over the past three decades and comments on patterns she sees in waves of peer review research and theorizing. She describes her subsequent experience with peer review in her own classes, and…

Flynn, Elizabeth A.

2011-01-01

33

PEER REVIEW PROGRAM  

SciTech Connect

The Institute for Regulatory Science (RS) and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) jointly estab lished a peer-review program. As the program evolved, four types of review were established. A process for stakeholder participation in peer review eetings was also developed. While a committee established by the ASME provided oversight to the peer-review process, the RSI managed the day-to-day operations of peer review panels. In addition to the reports resulting from peer review of specific projects, several documents were prepared to facilitate the review process, all of which were widely distributed.

MOGHISSI, A ALAN; LOVE, BETTY R; STRAJA, SORIN R

2007-09-29

34

NASA Product Peer Review Process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation describes NASA's product peer review process. The contents include: 1) Inspection/Peer Review at NASA; 2) Reasons for product peer reviews; 3) Different types of peer reviews; and 4) NASA requirements for peer reviews. This presentation also includes a demonstration of an actual product peer review.

Jenks, Ken

2009-01-01

35

Systematic review of the effectiveness of training programs in writing for scholarly publication, journal editing, and manuscript peer review (protocol)  

PubMed Central

Background An estimated $100 billion is lost to ‘waste’ in biomedical research globally, annually, much of which comes from the poor quality of published research. One area of waste involves bias in reporting research, which compromises the usability of published reports. In response, there has been an upsurge in interest and research in the scientific process of writing, editing, peer reviewing, and publishing (that is, journalology) of biomedical research. One reason for bias in reporting and the problem of unusable reports could be due to authors lacking knowledge or engaging in questionable practices while designing, conducting, or reporting their research. Another might be that the peer review process for journal publication has serious flaws, including possibly being ineffective, and having poorly trained and poorly motivated reviewers. Similarly, many journal editors have limited knowledge related to publication ethics. This can ultimately have a negative impact on the healthcare system. There have been repeated calls for better, more numerous training opportunities in writing for publication, peer review, and publishing. However, little research has taken stock of journalology training opportunities or evaluations of their effectiveness. Methods We will conduct a systematic review to synthesize studies that evaluate the effectiveness of training programs in journalology. A comprehensive three-phase search approach will be employed to identify evaluations of training opportunities, involving: 1) forward-searching using the Scopus citation database, 2) a search of the MEDLINE In-Process and Non-Indexed Citations, MEDLINE, Embase, ERIC, and PsycINFO databases, as well as the databases of the Cochrane Library, and 3) a grey literature search. Discussion This project aims to provide evidence to help guide the journalological training of authors, peer reviewers, and editors. While there is ample evidence that many members of these groups are not getting the necessary training needed to excel at their respective journalology-related tasks, little is known about the characteristics of existing training opportunities, including their effectiveness. The proposed systematic review will provide evidence regarding the effectiveness of training, therefore giving potential trainees, course designers, and decision-makers evidence to help inform their choices and policies regarding the merits of specific training opportunities or types of training. PMID:23773340

2013-01-01

36

The Neuroscience Peer Review Consortium  

PubMed Central

The Neuroscience Peer Review Consortium (NPRC) was conceived in the summer of 2007 at a meeting of editors and publishers of neuroscience journals. One of the working groups addressed whether it was possible to construct a system for permitting authors whose manuscript received supportive reviews at one journal but was not accepted to send a revised manuscript together with its first round of reviews to a new journal for the second round. This would speed up the review process and reduce the work for reviewers and editors. The working group not only designed a framework for transferring reviews among journals, but also implemented it as the NPRC. By the fall of 2007, more than a dozen major journals had signed onto the NPRC, sufficient to launch the experiment in January, 2008. We invite authors who have not yet used the NPRC to try this method for appropriate manuscripts. In order to encourage dissemination of the details outlined in this Editorial, it will also be published in other journals in the Neuroscience Peer Review Consortium. PMID:19149887

Saper, Clifford B; Maunsell, John HR; Sagvolden, Terje

2009-01-01

37

Peer review to ensure quality in forensic mental health publication.  

PubMed

Peer reviewers have been called the gatekeepers of science. For journal publications in forensic psychiatry, as well as other disciplines, the purposes of peer review are to assist in the selection of manuscripts to publish, improve the quality of manuscripts before their publication, and promote the fairness of the process. In this article, we examine, in particular, characteristics of high-quality peer reviewers, selection of peer reviewers, recruitment and retention of peer reviewers, desired quality of peer-reviewer ratings, and the value of peer review. We conclude with specific, albeit largely untested, recommendations for improvements in peer review of forensic mental health publications. PMID:25187283

Felthous, Alan R; Wettstein, Robert M

2014-01-01

38

A 5-Year Analysis of Peer-Reviewed Journal Article Publications of Pharmacy Practice Faculty Members  

PubMed Central

Objectives. To evaluate scholarship, as represented by peer-reviewed journal articles, among US pharmacy practice faculty members; contribute evidence that may better inform benchmarking by academic pharmacy practice departments; and examine factors that may be related to publication rates. Methods. Journal articles published by all pharmacy practice faculty members between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2010, were identified. College and school publication rates were compared based on public vs. private status, being part of a health science campus, having a graduate program, and having doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) faculty members funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Results. Pharmacy practice faculty members published 6,101 articles during the 5-year study period, and a pharmacy practice faculty member was the primary author on 2,698 of the articles. Pharmacy practice faculty members published an average of 0.51 articles per year. Pharmacy colleges and schools affiliated with health science campuses, at public institutions, with NIH-funded PharmD faculty members, and with graduate programs had significantly higher total publication rates compared with those that did not have these characteristics (p<0.006). Conclusion. Pharmacy practice faculty members contributed nearly 6,000 unique publications over the 5-year period studied. However, this reflects a rate of less than 1 publication per faculty member per year, suggesting that a limited number of faculty members produced the majority of publications. PMID:23049099

Spivey, Christina; Martin, Jennifer R.; Wyles, Christina; Ehrman, Clara; Schlesselman, Lauren S.

2012-01-01

39

Fake Peer Reviews, the Latest Form of Scientific Fraud, Fool Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on how some scientists impersonate outside reviewers for journals and give high marks to their own manuscripts. Scientists appear to have figured out a new way to avoid any bad prepublication reviews that dissuade journals from publishing their articles: Write positive reviews themselves, under other people's names. In…

Fischman, Josh

2012-01-01

40

TEACHING PEER REVIEW AND THE PROCESS OF  

E-print Network

scientific journal. This method has been imple- mented in the course Cell and Molecular Biology for Engineers. The result is a review article in the format for submission to a major scientific journal. This method hasTEACHING PEER REVIEW AND THE PROCESS OF SCIENTIFIC WRITING William H. Guilford Department

Guilford, William

41

ForPeerReview Reduced order borehole induction modelling  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Only Reduced order borehole induction modelling Journal: Journal of Electromagnetic://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jemwa Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications #12;ForPeerReview Only Reduced order borehole induction order model, numerical simulation, Maxwell equations, array induction tool URL: http

Navon, Michael

42

Peer Review for Residents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) currently requires experiences in administration for psychiatry residents. In response to this challenge, the authors created a peer review workshop. Methods: The authors report on the design, implementation, and outcome of the peer review workshop for PGY-3 and PGY-4…

Patel, Malini; Hardy, Daniel W.; Chand, Ravi

2005-01-01

43

Calibrated Peer Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site presents a paper-writing and peer review tool that is available free to educators and students. Calibrated Peer Review is a Web-based program that enables frequent writing assignments even in large classes with limited instructional resources. The program is discipline and level independent.

Calibrated Peer Review

44

A Systematic Appraisal of Peer Review Guidelines for Special Education Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evidence-based practice movement in special education has emphasized the use of the scientific process to assist with the identification of effective academic and behavioral strategies. An important but often overlooked aspect of this system is the peer review process in which manuscripts submitted for publication are reviewed by experts to…

Maggin, Daniel M.; Chafouleas, Sandra M.; Berggren, Melissa; Sugai, George

2013-01-01

45

Issues in Peer Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on concerns raised at a workshop at the Southern California College of Optometry, addresses critical issues in the process of peer review of faculty teaching and possible alternatives to these issues as applied to an optometric institution. (EV)

Sawamura, Mark H.

2001-01-01

46

ABOUT THE JOURNAL American Art is a peer-reviewed journal dedicated to exploring all  

E-print Network

250 pixels 2013 ADVERTISING DEADLINES Issue Space Art Spring Dec 3 Dec 31 Summer Mar 30 Apr 28 Fall Scholars, art historians, museum curators, students, and specialists in American studies. 2013 ADVERTISING. Please refer to 2013 Advertising Rate Sheet for available positions and specifications for each journal

Mateo, Jill M.

47

A Journal of Ideas, Institutions, and Culture The only peer-reviewed academic journal exclusively  

E-print Network

devoted to the study of American political thought. Michael Zuckert, Editor www.journals.uchicago.edu/APT AMERICAN POLITICAL THOUGHT: AMERICAN U N I V E R S I T Y O F C H I C A G O P R E S S V O L U M E 1 | N U M;AbouttheEditor One of America's most eminent scholars of American political thought and constitutional

Mateo, Jill M.

48

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the editors of the 26th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems proceedings. Reviews were conducted by expert referees from the International Technical Committee to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing. The members of the Scientific Committee who selected and reviewed the papers included in the Proceedings of the 26th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems are: Yulin WU Tsinghua University China François AVELLAN EPFL-LMH Switzerland (principal) Xingqi LUO Xi'an University of Sci & Tech China Martin BÖHLE Kaiserslautern University Germany Gerard BOIS Arts et Métiers ParisTech France Luca D'AGOSTINO University of Pisa Italy Eduard EGUSQUIZA Polytechnical University Catalonia Spain Richard FISHER Voith Hydro Inc USA Regiane FORTES-PATELLA Institute Polytechnique de Grenoble France Aleksandar GAJIC University of Belgrade Serbia Wei YANG China Agriculture University China YinLu YOUNG University of Michigan USA Adrian LUNGU Dunarea de Jos University of Galati Romania Arpad FAY University of Miskolcz Hungary José GONZÁLEZ Universidad de Oviedo Spain Baoshan ZHU Tsinghua University China Hongxun CHEN Shanghai University China Chisachi KATO University of Tokyo Japan Zhenyue MA Dalian University of Sci & Tech China Honggang FAN Tsinghua University China François GUIBAULT Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal Canada Pengcheng GUO Xian University of Technology China Leqing WANG Zhejiang University China Toshiaki IKOHAGI Tohoku University Japan Jiandong YANG Wuhan University China Jianzhong ZHOU Huazhong University of Sci & Tech China Jinwei LI NULL China Rennian LI Lanzhou University of Sci & Tech China Houlin LIU NULL China Juan LIU Tsinghua University China Shuhong LIU Tsinghua University China Xianwu LUO Tsinghua University China Michihiro NISHI Tsinghua University China Peter PELZ Darmstadt University Germany František POCHYLY Brno University Czech Republic Rudolf SCHILLING Technische Universität München Germany Minguan YANG Jiangsu University China Smaine KOUIDRI Université Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris 6) France Kazuhiro TANAKA Kyushu Institute of Technology Japan Xuelin TANG Tsinghua University China Yoshinobu TSUJIMOTO Osaka University Japan Fujun WANG China Agriculture University China Guoyu WANG Beijing University of Sci & Tech China Wenwu SONG NULL China Zhengwei WANG Tsinghua University China Hongyuan XU Tsinghua University China Lefu XIAO NULL China Fan YANG Tsinghua University China Yuan ZHENG Hehai University China Zhigang ZUO Tsinghua University China Hongwu ZHU China Petroleum University China Lixiang ZHANG Yunnan University of Sci & Tech China Shengchang ZHANG Zhejiang University of Tech China

2012-11-01

49

Marketing Academics' Perceptions of the Peer Review Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Publication in refereed journals is critical to career success for most marketing faculty members, and the peer review process is the gatekeeper for a refereed journal. The study reported here examines marketing academics' perceptions of this peer review process. Based on responses from 653 marketing academics, we find favorable overall…

Bailey, Charles D.; Hair, Joe F.; Hermanson, Dana R.; Crittenden, Victoria L.

2012-01-01

50

The Potential of Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review of teachers is controversial for several reasons. Some say peer reviewers encroach on the rightful domain of the principal as instructional leader. Others argue that, because peer evaluators are fellow teachers, they may be biased or unwilling to make hard decisions. Many teachers find the prospect of peer evaluation unsettling because…

Johnson, Susan Moore; Fiarman, Sarah E.

2012-01-01

51

o'Peer: open peer review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I have built a "demonstration" website at http://oPeer.org to illustrate how peer review and publication might be improved relative to the current model, which was designed and implemented in an era when scientific communication was either face-to-face or relied upon human delivery of ink marks on dead trees.

Brewer, J. H.

2014-12-01

52

March 2007, Vol 97, No. 3 | American Journal of Public Health Diez Roux et al. | Peer Reviewed | Research and Practice | 493 RESEARCH AND PRACTICE  

E-print Network

March 2007, Vol 97, No. 3 | American Journal of Public Health Diez Roux et al. | Peer Reviewed City, NY; Baltimore, Md; and Forsyth County, NC, were linked to data on locations of recreational stronger among minority and low-income residents. Conclusions. Availability of resources may be 1

Brown, Daniel G.

53

This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in JNCI Journal of the National Cancer Institute following peer review.  

E-print Network

Médicale, ERI 20, EA 4045, and Institut Gustave-Roussy, Villejuif, France. Background Studies conducted Journal of the National Cancer Institute following peer review. The definitive publisher, results from international comparisons and studies of migrant populations gave rise to the hypothesis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

54

American Journal of Public Health | Supplement 1, 2010, Vol. 100, No. S1S56 | Public Health Then and Now | Peer Reviewed | Wilson PUBLIC HEALTH THEN AND NOW  

E-print Network

American Journal of Public Health | Supplement 1, 2010, Vol. 100, No. S1S56 | Public Health Then and Now | Peer Reviewed | Wilson PUBLIC HEALTH THEN AND NOW THE UNION ARMY PENSION system was the nation considerably worse than Whites. (Am J Public Health.2010;100:S56­S65. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2009.172759) Racial

Martinez, Tony R.

55

MELCOR Peer Review  

SciTech Connect

MELCOR is a fully integrated, engineering-level computer code that models the progression of severe accidents in light water reactor nuclear power plants. The newest version of MELCOR is Version 1.8.1, July 1991. MELCOR development has reached the point that the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission sponsored a broad technical review by recognized experts to determine or confirm the technical adequacy of the code for the serious and complex analyses it is expected to perform. For this purpose, an eight-member MELCOR Peer Review Committee was organized. The Committee has completed its review of the MELCOR code: the review process and findings of the MELCOR Peer Review Committee are documented in this report. The Committee has determined that recommendations in five areas are appropriate: (1) MELCOR numerics, (2) models missing from MELCOR Version 1.8.1, (3) existing MELCOR models needing revision, (4) the need for expanded MELCOR assessment, and (5) documentation.

Boyack, B.E. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Dhir, V.K. [Santa Monica, CA. (United States); Gieseke, J.A. [Battelle, Columbus, OH (United States); Haste, T.J. [AEA Technology, Winfrith (United Kingdom); Kenton, M.A. [Gabor, Kenton and Associates, Inc., Westmont, IL (United States); Khatib-Rahbar, M. [Energy Research, Inc., Rockville, MD (United States); Leonard, M.T. [Science Applications International Corp., Wolfheze (Netherlands); Viskanta, R. [Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN (United States). Heat Transfer Lab.

1992-03-01

56

Methodologies of Peer and Editorial Review: Changing Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors--drawing on their varied experiences as authors and publishers of a journal and several book series--provide a historical review and consideration of peer review in publishing. They find that scholarly peer review, from the question of signed reviews to the practices of digital publications, is in the midst of change, but that at the…

Selfe, Cynthia; Hawisher, Gail

2012-01-01

57

The Usefulness of Peer Review for Selecting Manuscripts for Publication: A Utility Analysis Taking as an Example a High-Impact Journal  

PubMed Central

Background High predictive validity – that is, a strong association between the outcome of peer review (usually, reviewers' ratings) and the scientific quality of a manuscript submitted to a journal (measured as citations of the later published paper) – does not as a rule suffice to demonstrate the usefulness of peer review for the selection of manuscripts. To assess usefulness, it is important to include in addition the base rate (proportion of submissions that are fundamentally suitable for publication) and the selection rate (the proportion of submissions accepted). Methodology/Principal Findings Taking the example of the high-impact journal Angewandte Chemie International Edition (AC-IE), we present a general approach for determining the usefulness of peer reviews for the selection of manuscripts for publication. The results of our study show that peer review is useful: 78% of the submissions accepted by AC-IE are correctly accepted for publication when the editor's decision is based on one review, 69% of the submissions are correctly accepted for publication when the editor's decision is based on two reviews, and 65% of the submissions are correctly accepted for publication when the editor's decision is based on three reviews. Conclusions/Significance The paper points out through what changes in the selection rate, base rate or validity coefficient a higher success rate (utility) in the AC-IE selection process could be achieved. PMID:20596540

Bornmann, Lutz; Daniel, Hans-Dieter

2010-01-01

58

Do peer-reviewed journal papers result from meeting abstracts of the Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer-reviewed publication is at the core of scientific communication. However, with the exception of biomedicine, there has\\u000a been little analysis of the rate of peer-reviewed publication resulting from conference abstracts. This study examined a random\\u000a sample of abstracts from the 1989 and 1991 Biennial Conferences on the Biology of Marine Mammals to determine how many were\\u000a published as peer-reviewed papers.

James E Bird; Mary D Bird

1999-01-01

59

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this Volume 12 of IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the editors of the 25th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems proceedings, Professor Romeo Susan-Resiga, Dr Sebastian Muntean and Dr Sandor Bernad. Reviews were conducted by expert referees from the Scientific Committee to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing. The members of the Scientific Committee who selected and reviewed the papers included in the Proceedings of the 25th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems are: Anton ANTONTechnical University of Civil Engineering, BucharestRomania François AVELLANEcole Polytechnique Fédérale de LausanneSwitzerland Fidel ARZOLAEDELCAVenezuela Thomas ASCHENBRENNERVoith Hydro Gmb H & Co. KG, HeidenheimGermany Anton BERGANTLitostroj Power d.o.o., LjubljanaSlovenia Gerard BOISENSAM, LilleFrance Hermod BREKKENTNU, TrondheimNorway Stuart COULSON Voith Hydro Inc., YorkUSA Eduard EGUSQUIZAPolytechnical University Catalonia BarcelonaSpain Arpad FAYUniversity of MiskolczHungary Richard FISHERVoith Hydro Inc., York USA Regiane FORTES-PATELLAInstitut Polytechnique de GrenobleFrance Aleksandar GAJICUniversity of BelgradeSerbia Arno GEHRERAndritz Hydro GrazAustria José GONZÁLEZUniversidad de OviedoSpain François GUIBAULTEcole Polytechnique de MontrealCanada Chisachi KATOUniversity of TokyoJapan Kwang-Yong KIMInha University, IncheonKorea Jiri KOUTNIKVoith Hydro Gmb H & Co. KG, HeidenheimGermany Adrian LUNGUDunarea de Jos University of GalatiRomania Christophe NICOLETPower Vision Engineering Sàrl, LausanneSwitzerland Torbjøm K. NIELSENNTNU, TrodheimNorway Michihiro NISHIKyushu Institute of TechnologyJapan Maryse PAGEHydro Quebec IREQ, VarennesCanada Etienne PARKINSONAndritz Hydro LtdSwitzerland František POCHYLYBrno UniversityCzech Republic Stefan RIEDELBAUCHVoith Hydro Gmb H & Co. KG, HeidenheimGermany Albert RUPRECHTUniversity of StuttgartGermany Michel SABOURINAlstom Hydro Canada Inc.Canada Rudolf SCHILLINGTechnische Universität MünchenGermany Qing-Hua SHIDong Fang Electrical Machinery Co.China Aleš SKOTAKCKD Blansko Engineering, a. s.Czech Republic Romeo F. SUSAN-RESIGAPolitehnica University of TimisoaraRomania Geraldo TIAGO FILHOUniversidade Federal de ItajubaBrazil Yoshinobu TSUJIMOTOOsaka UniversityJapan Bart van ESCHTechnische Universiteit EindhovenNetherland Thi C. VUAndritz Hydro Ltd, QuebecCanada Satoshi WATANABEKyushu University, FukuokaJapan Yulin WUTsinghua University, BeijingChina The reviewing process was organized in several steps. First, the 238 abstracts submitted for the symposium were reviewed, and 197 were accepted, with 30 abstracts having recommendations. Second, the authors have submitted 152 full-length papers, and each paper has been reviewed by two referees. The recommendations have been sent back to the authors, in order to prepare the final form or the paper. Third, 118 papers have been received in final form, accounting for the referees recommendations, to be included in the proceedings and to be presented at the symposium.

2010-08-01

60

Publications and the peer review system  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The peer review process as it relates to scientific publications in entomological journals is facing a number of serious issues that must be addressed. Among those issues are the increasing submissions from international authors writing in English as a second or third language, manuscripts lacking s...

61

New peer-reviewed Launched October  

E-print Network

1 New peer-reviewed Journal Launched October 2009 #12;2 New awareness of the disconnect: Cures have not kept pace with research New funding ­ National Institutes of Health New topic: National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences New USA Research Center to Develop Medicines "to

Napp, Nils

62

Student peer review decisions on submitted manuscripts are as stringent as faculty peer reviewers.  

PubMed

The International Journal of Exercise Science is the only student-centered peer-reviewed journal in its field. Upon graduate student first author submissions, two student reviewers and one faculty reviewer are asked to review. On professionally submitted papers, two faculty peers are asked to assess the manuscript. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether graduate students returned similar decisions compared with faculty reviewers who evaluated the same manuscript. In addition, decisions of faculty peers reviewing graduate student- versus faculty-submitted manuscripts were compared. Mean comparisons between groups were evaluated using independent t-tests with significance at P ? 0.05. Graduate students (2.21 ± 0.69) and faculty peers (2.24 ± 0.66) returned similar decisions on student-submitted manuscripts (P = 0.84). Faculty decisions on manuscripts submitted by a professional primary author (1.86 ± 0.77) were not different compared with faculty peers reviewing student manuscripts (P = 0.06). Statistics revealed that graduate students are just as stringent in the peer review process as established reviewers. Additionally, faculty reviewers evaluated manuscripts equally regardless of submission type. PMID:21098383

Navalta, James W; Lyons, T Scott

2010-12-01

63

Student peer review decisions on submitted manuscripts are as stringent as faculty peer reviewers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Journal of Exercise Science is the only student-centered peer-reviewed journal in its field. Upon graduate student first author submissions, two student reviewers and one faculty reviewer are asked to review. On professionally submitted papers, two faculty peers are asked to assess the manuscript. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether graduate students returned similar decisions compared with faculty reviewers who evaluated the same manuscript. In addition, decisions of faculty peers reviewing graduate student- versus faculty-submitted manuscripts were compared. Mean comparisons between groups were evaluated using independent t-tests with significance at P ? 0.05. Graduate students (2.21 ± 0.69) and faculty peers (2.24 ± 0.66) returned similar decisions on student-submitted manuscripts (P = 0.84). Faculty decisions on manuscripts submitted by a professional primary author (1.86 ± 0.77) were not different compared with faculty peers reviewing student manuscripts (P = 0.06). Statistics revealed that graduate students are just as stringent in the peer review process as established reviewers. Additionally, faculty reviewers evaluated manuscripts equally regardless of submission type.

2010-10-01

64

What's with all this peer-review stuff anyway?  

SciTech Connect

The Journal of Physical Security was ostensibly started to deal with a perceived lack of peer-reviewed journals related to the field of physical security. In fact, concerns have been expressed that the field of physical security is scarcely a field at all. A typical, well-developed field might include the following: multiple peer-reviewed journals devoted to the subject, rigor and critical thinking, metrics, fundamental principles, models and theories, effective standards and guidelines, R and D conferences, professional societies, certifications, its own academic department (or at least numerous academic experts), widespread granting of degrees in the field from 4-year research universities, mechanisms for easily spotting 'snake oil' products and services, and the practice of professionals organizing to police themselves, provide quality control, and determine best practices. Physical Security seems to come up short in a number of these areas. Many of these attributes are difficult to quantify. This paper seeks to focus on one area that is quantifiable: the number of peer-reviewed journals dedicated to the field of Physical Security. In addition, I want to examine the number of overall periodicals (peer-reviewed and non-peer-reviewed) dedicated to physical security, as well as the number of papers published each year about physical security. These are potentially useful analyses because one can often infer how healthy or active a given field is by its publishing activity. For example, there are 2,754 periodicals dedicated to the (very healthy and active) field of physics. This paper concentrates on trade journal versus peer-reviewed journals. Trade journals typically focus on practice-related topics. A paper appropriate for a trade journal is usually based more on practical experience than rigorous studies or research. Models, theories, or rigorous experimental research results will usually not be included. A trade journal typically targets a specific market in an industry or trade. Such journals are often considered to be news magazines and may contain industry specific advertisements and/or job ads. A peer-reviewed journal, a.k.a 'referred journal', in contrast, contains peer-reviewed papers. A peer-reviewed paper is one that has been vetted by the peer review process. In this process, the paper is typically sent to independent experts for review and consideration. A peer-reviewed paper might cover experimental results, and/or a rigorous study, analyses, research efforts, theory, models, or one of many other scholarly endeavors.

Warner, J. S. (Nuclear Engineering Division)

2010-01-01

65

CONTAIN independent peer review  

SciTech Connect

The CONTAIN code was developed by Sandia National Laboratories under the sponsorship of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to provide integrated analyses of containment phenomena. It is used to predict nuclear reactor containment loads, radiological source terms, and associated physical phenomena for a range of accident conditions encompassing both design-basis and severe accidents. The code`s targeted applications include support for containment-related experimental programs, light water and advanced light water reactor plant analysis, and analytical support for resolution of specific technical issues such as direct containment heating. The NRC decided that a broad technical review of the code should be performed by technical experts to determine its overall technical adequacy. For this purpose, a six-member CONTAIN Peer Review Committee was organized and a peer review as conducted. While the review was in progress, the NRC issued a draft ``Revised Severe Accident Code Strategy`` that incorporated revised design objectives and targeted applications for the CONTAIN code. The committee continued its effort to develop findings relative to the original NRC statement of design objectives and targeted applications. However, the revised CONTAIN design objectives and targeted applications. However, the revised CONTAIN design objectives and targeted applications were considered by the Committee in assigning priorities to the Committee`s recommendations. The Committee determined some improvements are warranted and provided recommendations in five code-related areas: (1) documentation, (2) user guidance, (3) modeling capability, (4) code assessment, and (5) technical assessment.

Boyack, B.E. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Corradini, M.L. [Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Nuclear Engineering Dept.; Denning, R.S. [Battelle Memorial Inst., Columbus, OH (United States); Khatib-Rahbar, M. [Energy Research Inc., Rockville, MD (United States); Loyalka, S.K. [Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States); Smith, P.N. [AEA Technology, Dorchester (United Kingdom). Winfrith Technology Center

1995-01-01

66

ForPeerReview Power Control for Cognitive Radio Networks: Axioms, Algorithm, and  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Power Control for Cognitive Radio Networks: Axioms, Algorithm, and Analysis Journal on Networking #12;ForPeerReview 1 Power Control for Cognitive Radio Networks: Axioms, Algorithm, and Analysis

Chiang, Mung

67

ForPeerReview Annual Drosophila Research Conference, 2010  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Annual Drosophila Research Conference, 2010 Journal: Developmental Dynamics and engineering at Dayton (TREND) Keywords: Drosophila melanogaster, patterning, development, Drosophila eyePeerReview Shop Talk Annual Drosophila Research Conference, 2010 Gerald B. Call1 , Oorvashi Roy Puli2 , Shilpi

Singh, Amit

68

ForPeerReview Channel Predictive Proportional Fair Scheduling  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Channel Predictive Proportional Fair Scheduling Journal: IEEE Transactions Transactions on Wireless Communications #12;ForPeerReview 1 Channel Predictive Proportional Fair Scheduling on proportional fair scheduling but can also be generalized to other criteria. Index Terms Multiuser diversity

Gesbert, David

69

48 CFR 201.170 - Peer Reviews.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Peer Reviews. 201.170 Section 201...Authority, Issuance 201.170 Peer Reviews. (a) Acquisitions valued...organize teams of reviewers and facilitate Peer Reviews for solicitations and...

2010-10-01

70

40 CFR 194.27 - Peer review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Peer review. 194.27 Section 194.27... General Requirements § 194.27 Peer review. (a) Any compliance application shall include documentation of peer review that has been conducted,...

2010-07-01

71

Peer review for biomedical publications: we can improve the system.  

PubMed

The lack of formal training programs for peer reviewers places the scientific quality of biomedical publications at risk, as the introduction of 'hidden' bias may not be easily recognized by the reader. The exponential increase in the number of manuscripts submitted for publication worldwide, estimated in the millions annually, overburdens the capability of available qualified referees. Indeed, the workload imposed on individual reviewers appears to be reaching a 'breaking point' that may no longer be sustainable. Some journals have made efforts to improve peer review via structured guidelines, courses for referees, and employing biostatisticians to ensure appropriate study design and analyses. Further strategies designed to incentivize and reward peer review work include journals providing continuing medical education (CME) credits to individual referees by defined criteria for timely and high-quality evaluations. Alternative options to supplement the current peer review process consist of 'post-publication peer review,' 'decoupled peer review,' 'collaborative peer review,' and 'portable peer review'. This article outlines the shortcomings and flaws in the current peer review system and discusses new innovative options on the horizon.See related article: http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/s12916-014-0128-z.pdf. PMID:25270270

Stahel, Philip F; Moore, Ernest E

2014-09-26

72

Peer Review: The CHAMPUS Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the use of the peer review system in evaluating out-patient clinical services for a third-party payer seeking justification for payment of services. Peer review is defined as a process by which one professional, in an official capacity, makes a judgment about a co-professional in a matter involving professional functioning. The…

Stricker, George

73

Thinking Collaboratively about the Peer-Review Process for Journal-Article Publication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this conversation, Kevin K. Kumashiro shares his reflections on challenges to publishing anti-oppressive research in educational journals. He then invites eight current and former editors of leading educational research journals--William F. Pinar, Elizabeth Graue, Carl A. Grant, Maenette K. P. Benham, Ronald H. Heck, James Joseph Scheurich,…

Kumashiro, Kevin K.

2005-01-01

74

ForPeerReview No boundaries: genomes, organisms, and ecological  

E-print Network

for divergence and reproductive isolation. Journal: Journal of Heredity Manuscript ID: JOH-2014-006.R1 Manuscript http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/joh Manuscripts submitted to Journal of Heredity #12;ForPeerReview 1 to Journal of Heredity 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32

Etges, William J.

75

Popular Science Journalism: Facilitating Learning through Peer Review and Communication of Science News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a multisemester Popular Science Journalism course that met for 2 hours once a week at Clemson University, students produced science news articles for the university newspaper by using primary literature, the internet, and interviews with researchers. Short lectures were given on topic choice, story development, literature surveys, common…

Tuten, Holly; Temesvari, Lesly

2013-01-01

76

NHEERL'S PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES, 2002-2003, TOTAL = 277 (LIST D)  

EPA Science Inventory

This report contains an attachment in Field 14 listing the citations for all of NHEERL's journal articles for the period June 2002 through the first of May 2003. The report includes manuscripts that have undergone clearance (but have not yet been published) during this reporting...

77

NHEERL'S PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES, 2001-2002, TOTAL = 188 (LIST D)  

EPA Science Inventory

This report contains an attachment in Field 14 listing the citations for all of NHEERL's journal articles published during the period June 2001 through May 2002. The report is broken down by NHEERL Division, and it includes manuscripts that have undergone clearance (but have not...

78

ForPeerReview SMC Framework in Motion Control Systems  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview SMC Framework in Motion Control Systems Journal: International Journal of Adaptive, Mechatronics Keywords: Motion Control, Sliding Mode Control, Bilateral Control , Interconnected Systems http acsauth.cls [Version: 2002/11/11 v1.00] SMC Framework in Motion Control Systems A. S¸abanovi¸c Sabanci

Yanikoglu, Berrin

79

The Importance of Peer Review: Thoughts on Knudson, Morrow, and Thomas (2014)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Knudson, Morrow, and Thomas (2014) recently summarized a number of important issues related to the quality of peer review and current peer-review practice in kinesiology. This writer endorses their six recommendations for improving peer review in kinesiology journals. The purpose of this commentary is to further highlight the importance of…

Fischman, Mark G.

2014-01-01

80

Open, single-blind, double-blind: which peer review process do you prefer?  

PubMed Central

BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology was created from the merger of two journals within the BMC series published by BioMed Central: BMC Pharmacology and BMC Clinical Pharmacology. BMC Pharmacology operated anonymous peer review whereas BMC Clinical Pharmacology operated a fully open peer review policy where the identity of the reviewers was known to the editors, authors and readers. The merged journal also adopted a fully open peer review policy. Two years on we discuss the views and experiences of our Editorial Board Members towards open peer review on this biomedical journal. PMID:25266119

2014-01-01

81

The Dedisciplining of Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The demand for greater public accountability is changing the nature of ex ante peer review at public science agencies worldwide. Based on a four year research project, this essay examines these changes through an analysis of the process of grant proposal review at two US public science agencies, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the…

Frodeman, Robert; Briggle, Adam

2012-01-01

82

42 CFR 24.5 - Peer review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Peer review. 24.5 Section 24.5 ...BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH SERVICE § 24.5 Peer review. An individual may not...qualifications have been reviewed by a PHS peer review committee and the committee...

2010-10-01

83

Reliability of reviewer ratings in the manuscript peer review process: an opportunity for improvement.  

PubMed

Accountability to authors and readers cannot exist without proper peer review practices. Thus, the information a journal seeks from its peer reviewers and how it makes use of this information is paramount. Disagreement amongst peer reviewers can be considerable, resulting in very diverse comments to authors. Incorporating a clear scoring system for key concrete items and requiring referees to provide justification for scores may ensure that reviewers contribute in a consistently fair and effective manner. This article evaluates information collected from reviewers and proposes an example of a system that aims to improve accountability, while having the potential to make it easier for reviewers to perform a more objective review. PMID:23805832

Onitilo, Adedayo A; Engel, Jessica M; Salzman-Scott, Sherry A; Stankowski, Rachel V; Doi, Suhail A R

2013-01-01

84

45 CFR 1388.9 - Peer review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES, DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES PROGRAM THE UNIVERSITY AFFILIATED PROGRAMS § 1388.9 Peer review. (a) The purpose of the peer review process is to provide the...

2010-10-01

85

28 CFR 34.104 - Use of peer review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Use of peer review. 34.104 Section 34.104 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.104 Use of peer review....

2010-07-01

86

7 CFR 3411.11 - Composition of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Composition of peer review groups. 3411.11 Section...COMPETITIVE GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3411.11 Composition of peer review groups. (a) Peer review...

2010-01-01

87

28 CFR 34.102 - Peer review procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Peer review procedures. 34.102 Section 34.102...Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.102 Peer review procedures....

2010-07-01

88

7 CFR 3415.11 - Composition of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Composition of peer review groups. 3415.11 Section...RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.11 Composition of peer review groups. (a) Peer review...

2010-01-01

89

7 CFR 3401.13 - Composition of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Composition of peer review groups. 3401.13 Section...RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Applications for Funding § 3401.13 Composition of peer review groups. Peer review...

2010-01-01

90

28 CFR 34.105 - Peer review methods.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Peer review methods. 34.105 Section 34.105 Judicial...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.105 Peer review methods. (a)...

2011-07-01

91

Planning for Peer Review of Teaching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Peer review of teaching can help departments improve their treatment of teaching as disciplinary scholarship. Peer review encourages collegial discussion about teaching and creates a framework for thorough evaluation of teaching. The authors of this article reviewed literature that describes the benefits of peer review, and that which describes steps for implementing departmental peer review programs. The benefits of a well-designed, well-implemented system of peer review include improved teaching, elevated morale and productivity, and closer working relationships in a department. Steps to creating an effective, beneficial peer review program include describing the goals of the program, describing good teaching in a department, crafting clear and equitable review procedures, training reviewers, finding opportunities for teachers to learn new instructional techniques, and rewarding participation. Communication, trust, and integrity are key ingredients of successful peer review of teaching.

Mundy, Victoria

1999-01-01

92

Teaching Peer Review and the Process of Scientific Writing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many undergraduate and graduate students understand neither the process of scientific writing nor the significance of peer review. In response, some instructors have created writing assignments that teach or mimic parts of the scientific publishing process. However, none fully reproduced peer review and revision of papers together with the writing and publishing process from research to final, accepted draft. In addition, most have been instituted at the graduate rather than undergraduate level. We present a detailed method for teaching undergraduate students the full scientific publishing process, including anonymous peer review, during the process of writing a "term paper." The result is a review article in the format for submission to a major scientific journal. This method has been implemented in the course Cell and Molecular Biology for Engineers at the University of Virginia. Use of this method resulted in improved grades, much higher quality in the final manuscript, greater objectivity in grading, and improved understanding of the importance of peer review.

Dr. William H. Guilford (University of Virginia Department of Biomedical Engineering)

2002-01-25

93

7 CFR 550.17 - Peer review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Peer review. 550.17 Section 550.17...Formation of Agreements § 550.17 Peer review. Upon request of the REE...to provide documentation in support of peer review activities and cooperator...

2010-01-01

94

Toward a Practical Theology of Peer Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the centrality of peer review to the development of a scholarly community, very little is known about the biblical basis and Christian conduct of peer review. We find that peer review is rooted in several Christian virtues, such as reflecting Christ, being honest, seeking wisdom, humbly submitting, showing Christian love, correcting error, and being accountable. Given these principles, we

Roger W. Sanders; Kurt P. Wise; KY Louisville; Joseph W. Francis; Todd Charles Wood

2008-01-01

95

Peer Review Process  

Cancer.gov

Upon receipt, competing applications will be reviewed both by the Center for Scientific Review (CSR) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) for completeness and for conformance to all eligibility requirements and special provisions and requirements. Incomplete applications will be returned to the applicant without further consideration. NCI fellowships that are discussed will be assigned a priority score and a percentile indicating the application's relative standing among applications reviewed in the same study section.

96

Graphite criteria peer review  

SciTech Connect

This report documents a review of the stress criteria proposed for the graphite components of the modular high temperature gas-cooled reactor (MHTGR) core. The review was conducted by a panel of six independent consultants, chosen for their expertise over a range of relevant disciplines.

NONE

1986-09-01

97

Peer Review Process  

Cancer.gov

Upon receipt, applications will be reviewed by the Center for Scientific Review (CSR) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) for completeness and conformance to all eligibility requirements and special provisions and requirements. Incomplete or ineligible applications will be returned to the applicant without further consideration.

98

Peer Review Process  

Cancer.gov

Upon receipt, applications will be reviewed by the Center for Scientific Review (CSR) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) for completeness and conformance to all eligibility requirements and special provisions and requirements. Incomplete applications will be returned to the applicant without further consideration.

99

7 CFR 3400.11 - Composition of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Composition of peer review groups. 3400.11 Section...RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3400.11 Composition of peer review groups. (a) Peer...

2010-01-01

100

28 CFR 34.109 - Qualifications of peer reviewers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Qualifications of peer reviewers. 34.109 Section 34.109 Judicial...Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.109 Qualifications of peer...

2010-07-01

101

28 CFR 34.110 - Management of peer reviews.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Management of peer reviews. 34.110 Section 34.110 Judicial...Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.110 Management of peer...

2010-07-01

102

ForPeerReview Differentially activated macrophages orchestrate myogenic  

E-print Network

human skeletal muscle regeneration Journal: Stem Cells Manuscript ID: SC-12-0535.R2 Manuscript Type stem cells, Myeloid cells, Myogenesis, Adult stem cells, Cell interactions, Skeletal muscle Scholar Cells / Stem Cells (Miamisburg) 2013;31(2):384-96" DOI : 10.1002/stem.1288 #12;ForPeerReview Running

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

103

Publications Peer Reviewed Papers  

E-print Network

). The Vaginal Microbiome: Rethinking Health and Disease. Annual Review of Microbiology, 66(1):d371-89. PMID: 22746335 6. Human Microbiome Project Consortium. (2012) Structure, function and diversity of the healthy human microbiome. Nature, 486(7402):207­214. PMID: 22699609 7. Human Microbiome Project Consortium

Forney, Larry J.

104

Peer Review of Launch Environments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Catastrophic failures of launch vehicles during launch and ascent are currently modeled using equivalent trinitrotoluene (TNT) estimates. This approach tends to over-predict the blast effect with subsequent impact to launch vehicle and crew escape requirements. Bangham Engineering, located in Huntsville, Alabama, assembled a less-conservative model based on historical failure and test data coupled with physical models and estimates. This white paper summarizes NESC's peer review of the Bangham analytical work completed to date.

Wilson, Timmy R.

2011-01-01

105

ForPeerReview Physical activity in an indigenous Ecuadorian forager-  

E-print Network

, physical activity, reproductive ecology, market integration, Shuar John Wiley & Sons American JournalForPeerReview Physical activity in an indigenous Ecuadorian forager- horticulturalist population as measured using accelerometry Journal: American Journal of Human Biology Manuscript ID: AJHB-10-0151.R2

Sugiyama, Lawrence S.

106

ForPeerReview Perception of Mechanically and Optically Simulated Bumps  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Perception of Mechanically and Optically Simulated Bumps and Holes Journal: Transactions on Applied Perception Manuscript ID: TAP-2007-0040.R2 Manuscript Type: Paper Date Submitted Perception #12;ForPeerReview Perception of Mechanically and Optically Simulated Bumps and Holes KOERT VAN

Liere, Robert van

107

ForPeerReview Immune response to a malaria infection: properties of a mathematical  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Only Immune response to a malaria infection: properties of a mathematical model:/mc.manuscriptcentral.com/tjbd Email: Denise.Wilson@trinity.edu Journal of Biological Dynamics #12;ForPeerReview Only IMMUNE RESPONSE of the immune system during the infection. The model accounts for the antigenic variation exhibited

De Leenheer, Patrick

108

ForPeerReview Frequency response modeling of seismic waves using finite difference  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Frequency response modeling of seismic waves using finite difference time domain, Kurt; Chevron ETC, Seismic Analysis & Property Estimation Li, Xiaoye; Lawrence Berkeley National, Seismic modeling Geophysical Journal International #12;ForPeerReview 1 Frequency response modeling

Li, Xiaoye Sherry

109

Writing to Learn: An Evaluation of the Calibrated Peer Review Program in Two Neuroscience Courses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This journal article describes the use of Calibrated Peer Review (CPR), a free, web-based writing and peer review program designed to alleviate instructor workload, in two undergraduate neuroscience courses: an upper-level sensation and perception course (41 students, three assignments) and an introductory neuroscience course (50 students; two assignments).

J. Roxanne Prichard (Bates College; )

2005-10-16

110

ForPeerReview Highly reliable nitride-based LEDs with internal ESD protection diodes  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Highly reliable nitride-based LEDs with internal ESD protection diodes Journal of Electrical Engineering Key Words: GaN, LED, ESD, protection diode, current spreading Scholarone, 375PeerReview 1 Highly reliable nitride-based LEDs with internal ESD protection diodes S. J. Chang*, C. F. Shen, S

Rubloff, Gary W.

111

7 CFR 3406.23 - Access to peer review information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3406.23 Section...Information § 3406.23 Access to peer review information. After final...reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be made available...

2010-01-01

112

7 CFR 3405.16 - Access to peer review information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3405.16 Section...Information § 3405.16 Access to peer review information. After final...reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be made available...

2010-01-01

113

The Problem of Humiliation in Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the problem of vituperative feedback from peer reviewers. We argue that such feedback is morally unacceptable, insofar as it humiliates authors and damages their dignity. We draw from social-psychological research to explore those aspects of the peer-review process in general and the anonymity of blind reviewing in particular…

Comer, Debra R.; Schwartz, Michael

2014-01-01

114

MANUSCRIPT PEER REVIEW: A HELPFUL CHECKLIST FOR  

E-print Network

review. Reviewers evaluate the scientific rationale and signifi- cance of the questions is an essential element of the scientific peer review process and an important professional skill in evaluating scientific articles. Specifically, they tend to overemphasize certain limitations (usually

Blouin-Demers, Gabriel

115

ForPeerReview Ice age True Polar wander in a compressible and non  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Ice age True Polar wander in a compressible and non hydrostatic Earth Journal Ice age (TPW), have continuously been debated, after the pioneering works of the sixties. We show ice age TPW

116

ForPeerReview Effect of Chemical Modification of Oil Fly Ash and  

E-print Network

Peer Review Figure 3: SEM for pure LDPE at 5 m scale Page 4 of 47 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Journal of Applied Polymer Science #12;For Peer Review Figure 5: SEM for LDPE/OFA composite at 5% loading and 5µm 8(a): Cole-Cole plot for LDPE/OFA composite Page 6 of 47 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Journal of Applied

Hussein, Ibnelwaleed A.

117

Open Peer Review by a Selected-Papers Network  

PubMed Central

A selected-papers (SP) network is a network in which researchers who read, write, and review articles subscribe to each other based on common interests. Instead of reviewing a manuscript in secret for the Editor of a journal, each reviewer simply publishes his review (typically of a paper he wishes to recommend) to his SP network subscribers. Once the SP network reviewers complete their review decisions, the authors can invite any journal editor they want to consider these reviews and initial audience size, and make a publication decision. Since all impact assessment, reviews, and revisions are complete, this decision process should be short. I show how the SP network can provide a new way of measuring impact, catalyze the emergence of new subfields, and accelerate discovery in existing fields, by providing each reader a fine-grained filter for high-impact. I present a three phase plan for building a basic SP network, and making it an effective peer review platform that can be used by journals, conferences, users of repositories such as arXiv, and users of search engines such as PubMed. I show how the SP network can greatly improve review and dissemination of research articles in areas that are not well-supported by existing journals. Finally, I illustrate how the SP network concept can work well with existing publication services such as journals, conferences, arXiv, PubMed, and online citation management sites. PMID:22291635

Lee, Christopher

2011-01-01

118

75 FR 4062 - Peer Review Best Practices Workshop  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Peer Review Best Practices Workshop AGENCY...deployment programs and has used a variety of peer review approaches to select the best...proposals. The workshop will explore classic peer review processes such as those at...

2010-01-26

119

45 CFR 96.136 - Independent peer review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false Independent peer review. 96.136 Section 96.136...Block Grant § 96.136 Independent peer review. (a) The State shall for...is provided, provide for independent peer review to assess the...

2010-10-01

120

42 CFR 52h.4 - Composition of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Composition of peer review groups. 52h.4 Section 52h...HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS...PROJECTS § 52h.4 Composition of peer review groups. (a) To the...

2010-10-01

121

42 CFR 67.103 - Peer review of contract proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Peer review of contract proposals. 67...POLICY AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Peer Review of Contracts for Health Services...Dissemination Projects § 67.103 Peer review of contract proposals....

2010-10-01

122

The power of nursing peer review.  

PubMed

This article describes how an integrated healthcare system created a nursing peer-review structure to empower nurses to make practice changes and enhance professional accountability. A nursing peer-review committee and tools supporting the process were developed and implemented. PMID:25340923

Spiva, Lee Anna; Jarrell, Nicole; Baio, Pamela

2014-11-01

123

Peer to Peer: Right and Wrong Lessons for Department Reviews  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author describes his experience with the process of peer reviews by economists of economics departments. On the bases of roughly 20 reviews of departments in the public and private sectors over two decades, he discusses how the process works and what can be accomplished by it and identifies some pitfalls that should be avoided. He offers…

Kasper, Hirschel

2005-01-01

124

ForPeerReview Advanced full-waveform lidar data echo detection: assessing quality of  

E-print Network

in "International Journal of Remote Sensing 30, 19 (2009) 27" #12;ForPeerReview Only International Journal of Remote.chauve@teledetection.fr International Journal of Remote Sensing ISSN 0143-1161 print / ISSN 1366-5901 online c 200x Taylor & Francis://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/tres Email: IJRS-Administrator@Dundee.ac.uk International Journal of Remote Sensing 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

125

Predatory Publishing, Questionable Peer Review, and Fraudulent Conferences  

PubMed Central

Open-access is a model for publishing scholarly, peer-reviewed journals on the Internet that relies on sources of funding other than subscription fees. Some publishers and editors have exploited the author-pays model of open-access, publishing for their own profit. Submissions are encouraged through widely distributed e-mails on behalf of a growing number of journals that may accept many or all submissions and subject them to little, if any, peer review or editorial oversight. Bogus conference invitations are distributed in a similar fashion. The results of these less than ethical practices might include loss of faculty member time and money, inappropriate article inclusions in curriculum vitae, and costs to the college or funding source.

2014-01-01

126

33 CFR 385.22 - Independent scientific review and external peer review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Independent scientific review and external peer review. 385.22 Section 385.22...Independent scientific review and external peer review. (a) The independent scientific...scientific review panels or external peer reviews when deemed necessary by...

2010-07-01

127

Thank you reviewers – CytoJournal 2011  

PubMed Central

CytoJournal, with its continued contribution of scientific cytopathology literature to the public domain under open access (OA) charter, thanks its dedicated peer reviewers for devoting significant efforts, time, and resources during 2011. The abstracts of poster-platform submissions to the 59th Annual Scientific Meeting (November 2011) of the American Society of Cytopathology (ASC) in Baltimore, MD, USA, were peer reviewed by the ASC Scientific Program Committee. PMID:22279492

Shidham, Vinod B.; DeMay, Richard M.; Pitman, Martha B.

2011-01-01

128

NCI DEA - Consumer Guides for Peer Review  

Cancer.gov

The NCI Consumers' Cancer Dictionary for Peer Review is deigned to provide concise definitions of technical terms frequently used in applications for NCI-sponsored investigator-initiated research. The terms include those commonly associated with the molecular biology of cancer, immunology, and clinical oncology. These definitions, in association with the review process, will increase your familiarity and understanding of the biology and clinical aspects of cancer. We hope this will facilitate and make your participation in the Peer Review process more meaningful.

129

Visit Nautilus for regular news relevant to Nature authors http://blogs.nature.com/nautilus and see Peer-to-Peer for news for peer reviewers and about peer review http://blogs.nature.com/peer-to-peer.  

E-print Network

://blogs.nature.com/nautilus and see Peer-to-Peer for news for peer reviewers and about peer review http, revealed drastic shifts in the WAIS--fromgroundediceorice shelves to open waters, and back to ice (see page," says Naish. The core reveals the risk that climate change projected for this century could lead

130

ForPeerReview Pre-target axon sorting in the avian auditory brainstem  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Pre-target axon sorting in the avian auditory brainstem Journal: The Journal brainstem Daniel T. Kashima1 , Edwin W Rubel, Armin H. Seidl Virginia Merrill Bloedel Hearing Research: Auditory brainstem axon topography Keywords: axon topography, pre-target axon sorting, auditory system

Rubel, Edwin

131

28 CFR 34.106 - Number of peer reviewers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Number of peer reviewers. 34.106 Section 34.106 Judicial...Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.106 Number of peer reviewers....

2010-07-01

132

28 CFR 34.105 - Peer review methods.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Peer review methods. 34.105 Section 34.105 Judicial...Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.105 Peer review methods....

2010-07-01

133

28 CFR 34.104 - Use of peer review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Use of peer review. 34.104 Section 34.104 Judicial Administration...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.104 Use of peer review. (a)...

2011-07-01

134

AVIAN/WIND STATISTICAL PEER REVIEW PROJECT  

E-print Network

............................................................................................................................................ 7 WAS THE STATISTICAL METHODOLOGY USED ON THE ANALYSIS CONSISTENT WITH ACCEPTED METHODS USEDAVIAN/WIND STATISTICAL PEER REVIEW PROJECT Prepared for: California Energy Commission Prepared by IN OTHER BIO-STATISTICAL ANALYSES

135

42 CFR 24.5 - Peer review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...5 Section 24.5 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES PERSONNEL SENIOR BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH SERVICE § 24.5 Peer review. An individual may not be considered for appointment into the SBRS unless...

2011-10-01

136

Peer Reviewed Butterflies and Continuous Conservation Reserve  

E-print Network

Peer Reviewed Butterflies and Continuous Conservation Reserve Program Filter Strips: Landscape Bill provide important habitat for wildlife such as butterflies. The question of how the landscape of the butterfly community using filter strips in southwestern Minnesota, USA. Habitat- sensitive butterfly

Debinski, Diane M.

137

Rochester City School District Peer Assistance Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper the author evaluates the Peer Assistance and Review (PAR) program in the Rochester City School District, Rochester, NY. The author evaluates the system's strengths and weaknesses and discusses the program's alignment with New York State requirements.

Chierichella, Patrick

2010-01-01

138

Multi-Stage Open Peer Review: Scientific Evaluation Integrating the Strengths of Traditional Peer Review with the Virtues of Transparency and Self-Regulation  

PubMed Central

The traditional forms of scientific publishing and peer review do not live up to all demands of efficient communication and quality assurance in today’s highly diverse and rapidly evolving world of science. They need to be advanced and complemented by interactive and transparent forms of review, publication, and discussion that are open to the scientific community and to the public. The advantages of open access, public peer review, and interactive discussion can be efficiently and flexibly combined with the strengths of traditional scientific peer review. Since 2001 the benefits and viability of this approach are clearly demonstrated by the highly successful interactive open access journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP, www.atmos-chem-phys.net) and a growing number of sister journals launched and operated by the European Geosciences Union (EGU, www.egu.eu) and the open access publisher Copernicus (www.copernicus.org). The interactive open access journals are practicing an integrative multi-stage process of publication and peer review combined with interactive public discussion, which effectively resolves the dilemma between rapid scientific exchange and thorough quality assurance. Key features and achievements of this approach are: top quality and impact, efficient self-regulation and low rejection rates, high attractivity and rapid growth, low costs, and financial sustainability. In fact, ACP and the EGU interactive open access sister journals are by most if not all standards more successful than comparable scientific journals with traditional or alternative forms of peer review (editorial statistics, publication statistics, citation statistics, economic costs, and sustainability). The high efficiency and predictive validity of multi-stage open peer review have been confirmed in a series of dedicated studies by evaluation experts from the social sciences, and the same or similar concepts have recently also been adopted in other disciplines, including the life sciences and economics. Multi-stage open peer review can be flexibly adjusted to the needs and peculiarities of different scientific communities. Due to the flexibility and compatibility with traditional structures of scientific publishing and peer review, the multi-stage open peer review concept enables efficient evolution in scientific communication and quality assurance. It has the potential for swift replacement of hidden peer review as the standard of scientific quality assurance, and it provides a basis for open evaluation in science. PMID:22783183

Pöschl, Ulrich

2012-01-01

139

2003 Annual Superconductivity2003 Annual Superconductivity Peer ReviewPeer Review  

E-print Network

2003 Annual Superconductivity2003 Annual Superconductivity Peer ReviewPeer Review Raghu;Superconductivity Program at NREL for Electric SystemsSuperconductivity Program at NREL for Electric Systems Non) Industry CRADA:Industry CRADA: Oxford Superconducting Technologies (Ken Marken, Miao Hanping) *University

140

ForPeerReview Forward Modeling of Linear Mixing in Thermal IR Temperature Retrieval  

E-print Network

: International Journal of Remote Sensing Manuscript ID: draft Manuscript Type: Special Issue Paper Date Submitted-Administrator@Dundee.ac.uk International Journal of Remote Sensing #12;ForPeerReview Only Forward Modeling of Linear Mixing in Thermal IR-Administrator@Dundee.ac.uk International Journal of Remote Sensing 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27

Theiler, James

141

[Improving patient safety through voluntary peer review].  

PubMed

The intensive care unit (ICU) is one area of the hospital in which processes and communication are of primary importance. Errors in intensive care units can lead to serious adverse events with significant consequences for patients. Therefore quality and risk-management are important measures when treating critically ill patients. A pragmatic approach to support quality and safety in intensive care is peer review. This approach has gained significant acceptance over the past years. It consists of mutual visits by colleagues who conduct standardised peer reviews. These reviews focus on the systematic evaluation of the quality of an ICU's structure, its processes and outcome. Together with different associations, the State Chambers of Physicians and the German Medical Association have developed peer review as a standardized tool for quality improvement. The common goal of all stakeholders is the continuous and sustainable improvement in intensive care with peer reviews significantly increasing and improving communication between professions and disciplines. Peer reviews secure the sustainability of planned change processes and consequently lead the way to an improved culture of quality and safety. PMID:25421137

Kluge, S; Bause, H

2015-01-01

142

Rethinking Feedback Practices in Higher Education: A Peer Review Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review is a reciprocal process whereby students produce feedback reviews on the work of peers and receive feedback reviews from peers on their own work. Prior research has primarily examined the learning benefits that result from the receipt of feedback reviews, with few studies specifically exploring the merits of producing feedback reviews…

Nicol, David; Thomson, Avril; Breslin, Caroline

2014-01-01

143

Is Peer Review in Decline?  

E-print Network

Over the past decade, there has been a decline in the fraction of papers in top economics journals written by economists from the highest-ranked economics departments. This paper documents this fact and uses additional ...

Ellison, Glenn

144

Math Homework Review: Peer Teaching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this 1.5 minute video third and fourth grade teacher Heather Ashton explains and models the use of peer tutoring where students use their expertise to help each other learn. Questions for teacher reflection are included as well as a transcript.

2012-01-01

145

Collaborative Learning through Formative Peer Review: Pedagogy, Programs and Potential  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examine student peer review, with an emphasis on formative practice and collaborative learning, rather than peer grading. Opportunities to engage students in such formative peer assessment are growing, as a range of online tools become available to manage and simplify the process of administering student peer review. We consider whether…

Sondergaard, Harald; Mulder, Raoul A.

2012-01-01

146

IEEE JOURNAL OF OCEANIC ENGINEERING, VOL. 36, NO. 1, JANUARY 2011 73 Peer-Reviewed Technical Communication  

E-print Network

Communication An Overview of Sequential Bayesian Filtering in Ocean Acoustics Caglar Yardim, Member, IEEE, Zoi that relate acoustic measurements to the unknown parameters. Ocean acoustic applications are then reviewed. Index Terms--Acoustic signal processing, acoustic tracking, en- semble Kalman lter, extended Kalman lter

Gerstoft, Peter

147

From SSWR to Peer-Reviewed Publication: How Many Live and How Many Die?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to estimate how many presentations at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Social Work and Research (SSWR) are subsequently published in peer-reviewed journals. A 30% random sample of abstracts presented at the 2006 Annual Meeting of SSWR was reviewed. To determine publication status of the presentations, the authors…

Perron, Brian E.; Taylor, Harry Owen; Vaughn, Michael G.; Grogan-Kaylor, Andrew; Ruffolo, Mary C.; Spencer, Michael

2011-01-01

148

7 CFR 3402.22 - Access to peer review information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Access to peer review information. 3402.22 Section... FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES NATIONAL NEEDS GRADUATE...PROGRAM Supplementary Information § 3402.22 Access to peer review information. After final...

2012-01-01

149

7 CFR 3402.22 - Access to peer review information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... Access to peer review information. 3402.22 Section... FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES NATIONAL NEEDS GRADUATE...PROGRAM Supplementary Information § 3402.22 Access to peer review information. After final...

2014-01-01

150

7 CFR 3402.22 - Access to peer review information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Access to peer review information. 3402.22 Section... FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES NATIONAL NEEDS GRADUATE...PROGRAM Supplementary Information § 3402.22 Access to peer review information. After final...

2011-01-01

151

7 CFR 3402.22 - Access to peer review information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Access to peer review information. 3402.22 Section... FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES NATIONAL NEEDS GRADUATE...PROGRAM Supplementary Information § 3402.22 Access to peer review information. After final...

2013-01-01

152

7 CFR 3402.22 - Access to peer review information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3402.22 Section 3402.22 Agriculture...PROGRAM Supplementary Information § 3402.22 Access to peer review information. After final decisions have been...

2010-01-01

153

Independent peer review of nuclear safety computer codes  

Microsoft Academic Search

A structured, independent computer code peer-review process has been developed to assist the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the US Department of Energy in their nuclear safety missions. This paper describes a structured process of independent code peer review, benefits associated with a code-independent peer review, as well as the authors' recent peer-review experience. The NRC adheres to the

B. E. Boyack; R. P. Jenks

1993-01-01

154

Member Organisation Forum European Peer Review Guide  

E-print Network

Member Organisation Forum European Peer Review Guide Integrating Policies and Practices, non-governmental organisation, the members of which are 78 national funding agencies, research in Strasbourg with offices in Brussels and Ostend, has assembled a host of organisations that span all

Economou, Tassos

155

Peer reviews: taking on new meanings.  

PubMed

Peer reviews in nursing are historically used to gauge performance within an individual's scope of practice or as a tool to evaluate a sentinel or adverse event. Quality of care measures, clinical pertinence, and evaluating standards of care have begun as parallel strategies to replace the former uses in assuring the right care at the right time in the right setting. PMID:21403491

Raia, Lucille

2011-01-01

156

Computer-Aided Peer Review of Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes two computer applications that can enhance peer review in business-communication classes: news groups and specialized communication client software. Suggests ways to integrate these applications into such a class, including providing guidelines and topics, training students directly in the computer applications, and allotting time to…

MacLeod, Laura

1999-01-01

157

Peer Assistance & Review: Lessons from Mt. Diablo.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Soon after the California Peer Assistance and Review program was signed into law, the Mt. Diablo Unified School District and the local teacher union came to an agreement about implementing the program. Key factors were mutual respect and need for mentoring programs for beginning teachers and for experienced teachers needing assistance. (MLH)

Rogers, Richard K.; Threatt, Dan

2000-01-01

158

Bristol Bay Assessment ? Supplemental Peer Review Reports  

EPA Science Inventory

These reports represent the results of independent peer reviews of several technical reports submitted to the public docket for the May 2012 draft of the Bristol Bay Assessment, An Assessment of Potential Mining Impacts on Salmon Ecosystems of Bristol Bay, Alaska . ...

159

Calibrated Peer Review: Introduction - Why Study Geology?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sarah Andrews is a geologist who has also written a series of successful mystery novels featuring (naturally) a geologist who solves crimes in her spare time. Students read her article, "Why Study Geology?", then write and essay addressing points listed in the Writing Prompt. After this, students are introduced to the process of Calibrated Peer Review and evaluate their papers.

Elizabeth Heise

160

Focusing on Content: Discourse in L2 Peer Review Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent studies on peer review groups in second language classes have focused on various topics, including collaboration (Carr, 2008) and the effect of peer review versus teacher feedback on students' writing (Zhang, 1995). One area that has received little attention is the content of students' speech during peer review. This longitudinal…

Vorobel, Oksana; Kim, Deoksoon

2014-01-01

161

Peer Review Summary Document (10/29/2013)  

E-print Network

Peer Review Summary Document (10/29/2013) Peer Review Plan http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review/docs/fortini_amazon-acai of smallholder timber production under expanding açaí palm production in the Amazon Estuary, By Lucas Fortini (U

Torgersen, Christian

162

Ethics of Peer Review: A Guide for Manuscript Reviewers  

E-print Network

Ethics of Peer Review: A Guide for Manuscript Reviewers Case studies Sara Rockwell, Ph that this practice is not ethical. · Are there ethical issues? #12;A course developed with the support of the HHS to consider · Are there ethical issues that would preclude her from reviewing the paper? · Are there other

Yang, Sichun

163

Online Journalism Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Southern California, the Online Journalism Review was launched in 1998 with the intention of "evaluating the emerging field of online journalism, providing readers commentary, monthly features, and Web resource databases." The Review is also committed "to identify who is best serving the public on the Web, and who, hiding in the cloak of journalism, belongs in different garb." To that end, the Review's team of journalists reports on a host of online topics, ranging from Web site designs, private online news sources, and ongoing developments within the world of online journalism. Some of the primary resources available here include the Japan Media Review (focusing on the electronic media coverage within, and about, Japan) and a number of online forums. Additionally, interested visitors can elect to subscribe to the Online Journalism Review via email.

1999-01-01

164

75 FR 18205 - Notice of Peer Review Meeting for the External Peer Review Drafts of Two Documents on Using...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...EPA-HQ-ORD-2009-0645; FRL-9135-9] Notice of Peer Review Meeting for the External Peer Review Drafts of Two Documents on Using Probabilistic...Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of Peer Review Meeting with Opportunity for Public...

2010-04-09

165

How important tasks are performed: peer review  

PubMed Central

The advancement of various fields of science depends on the actions of individual scientists via the peer review process. The referees' work patterns and stochastic nature of decision making both relate to the particular features of refereeing and to the universal aspects of human behavior. Here, we show that the time a referee takes to write a report on a scientific manuscript depends on the final verdict. The data is compared to a model, where the review takes place in an ongoing competition of completing an important composite task with a large number of concurrent ones - a Deadline -effect. In peer review human decision making and task completion combine both long-range predictability and stochastic variation due to a large degree of ever-changing external “friction”. PMID:23591935

Hartonen, T.; Alava, M. J.

2013-01-01

166

An Open Science Peer Review Oath  

PubMed Central

One of the foundations of the scientific method is to be able to reproduce experiments and corroborate the results of research that has been done before. However, with the increasing complexities of new technologies and techniques, coupled with the specialisation of experiments, reproducing research findings has become a growing challenge. Clearly, scientific methods must be conveyed succinctly, and with clarity and rigour, in order for research to be reproducible. Here, we propose steps to help increase the transparency of the scientific method and the reproducibility of research results: specifically, we introduce a peer-review oath and accompanying manifesto. These have been designed to offer guidelines to enable reviewers (with the minimum friction or bias) to follow and apply open science principles, and support the ideas of transparency, reproducibility and ultimately greater societal impact. Introducing the oath and manifesto at the stage of peer review will help to check that the research being published includes everything that other researchers would need to successfully repeat the work. Peer review is the lynchpin of the publishing system: encouraging the community to consciously (and conscientiously) uphold these principles should help to improve published papers, increase confidence in the reproducibility of the work and, ultimately, provide strategic benefits to authors and their institutions. PMID:25653839

Aleksic, Jelena; Alexa, Adrian; Attwood, Teresa K; Chue Hong, Neil; Dahlö, Martin; Davey, Robert; Dinkel, Holger; Förstner, Konrad U; Grigorov, Ivo; Hériché, Jean-Karim; Lahti, Leo; MacLean, Dan; Markie, Michael L; Molloy, Jenny; Schneider, Maria Victoria; Scott, Camille; Smith-Unna, Richard; Vieira, Bruno Miguel

2015-01-01

167

Training Effects on Computer-Mediated Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The interactive functions of weblogs facilitate computer-mediated peer reviews for collaborative writing. As limited research has been conducted on examining the training effects of peer reviews on students' peer comments, their revision quality, and their perceptions when composing in weblogs, the present case study aims to fill the gap. Thirteen…

Liou, Hsien-Chin; Peng, Zhong-Yan

2009-01-01

168

ForPeerReview Petrology of the Nakhlite (Martian) Meteorite Northwest Africa 998  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Only Petrology of the Nakhlite (Martian) Meteorite Northwest Africa 998 Journal: Meteoritics & Planetary Science Manuscript ID: draft Manuscript Type: Article Date Submitted by the Author: n of Washington, Earth System Sciences Keywords: nakhlite, Martian , NWA 998, petrology Meteoritics

Treiman, Allan H.

169

How to publish a peer-reviewed research paper from integrative landscape research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Publishing is an important aspect of communication in the sciences and contributes to its progress. Researchers involved in integrative landscape research perceive it to be more difficult to publish integrative studies than disciplinary studies. Therefore, the objective of this chapter is to provide guidelines for writing and publishing a research paper in a peer-reviewed journal or as a chapter in

Gunther Tress; B. Tress; Gary Fry

2006-01-01

170

ForPeerReview Liver Stiffness Diminishes with Antiviral Response in  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Liver Stiffness Diminishes with Antiviral Response in Chronic Hepatitis C Journal verdier, Liver unit Leroy, Vincent Mallat, Ariane Pawlotsky, Jean-Michel; Hopital Henri Mondor - Université Paris XII, Virology Keywords: Hepatology, Hepatitis C Liver fibrosis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

171

ForPeerReview Parametric 3D Scene Reconstruction from Imaging  

E-print Network

Multi-Pixel Inversion Algorithm Journal: Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing Manuscript ID Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing #12;ForPeerReview IEEE TRANSACTIONS IN GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE.B.Davis@jpl.nasa.gov. Manuscript received November ??, 2011; revised Month ??, 2011. Page 1 of 17 Transactions on Geoscience

Bal, Guillaume

172

ForPeerReview Validation of SMOS L1C and L2 products and important  

E-print Network

algorithm in the Skjern River Catchment, Western Denmark Journal: Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing #12;ForPeerReview IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE, 2011 DRAFT Page 1 of 25 Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

173

ForPeerReview Abnormal Digital Neurovascular Response to Local Heating  

E-print Network

response in SSc Page 1 of 23 Rheumatology 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 60 HALauthormanuscriptinserm-00273825,version1 HAL author manuscript Rheumatology / British Journal of Rheumatology 2008;:epub ahead of print #12;ForPeerReview 2 Abstract Objectives. To investigate neurovascular

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

174

‘Why not give us the full story?’: functions of referees’ comments in peer reviews of scientific research papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer reviews of research articles submitted to journals are an occluded genre, that is, they are not publicly available documents which are part of the research record. When submitting their first scientific papers to international journals for publication, NNSE (non-native speaker of English) novice researchers face the challenging task of framing effective replies to referees’ criticisms, a complex process requiring

Hugh Gosden

2003-01-01

175

EB 2010 Trainee Symposium - Publish, Not Perish: How to Survive the Peer Review Process  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Publishing the results of your research is vital to a successful career in academia or industry. Based on the outcome of the Trainee Advisory Committee (TAC) Survey, as well as the Professional Skills Document, the TAC has identified that there is a need for trainees to obtain information about the peer review process in order to maximize the success of publishing in scientific journals. Therefore, we have organized a career development session that will elucidate the peer review process and provide effective tools to be able to write, review, and publish high quality scientific manuscripts. Experienced speakers will discuss: 1) how to select a journal; 2) who the reviewers are and what they look for; 3) how to effectively respond to reviewers; and 4) how to be a constructive reviewer.

PhD Amira Klip (University of Toronto, The Hospital for Sick Children Programme in Cell Biology)

2009-04-20

176

Organised Governmental Learning: Vocational Education and Training Practices between Peer Review and Peer Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer learning has already existed for a long time, as an informal as well as a formal practice between people from the same professional area. However, peer learning systems on the macro level are relatively newer concepts. Policy learning can be fostered by various types of organised activities, ranging from peer review frameworks, which often…

Speer, Sandra

2011-01-01

177

QA REVIEWS: HOW THEY DIFFER FROM PEER REVIEWS  

EPA Science Inventory

Research papers and reports written by scientists and engineers in the United States Environmental Protection Agency are reviewed by the agency's quality assurance staff. EPA papers and reports are subjected to peer reviews that check for the validity of conclusions and the gener...

178

SCDAP/RELAP5 independent peer review  

SciTech Connect

The SCDAP/RELAP5 code has been developed for best-estimate transient simulation of light-water-reactor coolant systems during severe accidents. The newest version of the code is SCDAP/RELAP5/MOD3. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) decided that there was a need for a broad technical review of the code by recognized experts to determine overall technical adequacy, even though the code is still under development. For this purpose, an eight-member SCDAP/RELAP5 Peer Review Committee was organized, and the outcome of the review should help the NRC prioritize future code-development activity. Because the code is designed to be mechanistic, the Committee used a higher standard for technical adequacy than was employed in the peer review of the parametric MELCOR code. The Committee completed its review of the SCDAP/RELAP5 code, and the findings are documented in this report. Based on these findings, recommendations in five areas are provided: (1) phenomenological models, (2) code-design objectives, (3) code-targeted applications, (4) other findings, and (5) additional recommendations.

Corradini, M.L. [Wisconsin Univ., Madison, WI (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering; Dhir, V.K. [Dhir, (V.K.) Santa Monica, CA (United States); Haste, T.J. [AEA Technology, Winfrith (United Kingdom); Heames, T.J. [Science Applications, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Jenks, R.P. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Kelly, J.E. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Khatib-Rahbar, M. [Energy Research, Inc., Rockville, MD (United States); Viskanta, R. [Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN (United States). Heat Transfer Lab.

1993-01-01

179

Shared Journaling as Peer Support in Teaching Qualitative Research Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching qualitative research methods (QRM), particularly early on in one's academic career, can be challenging. This paper describes shared peer journaling as one way in which to cope with challenges such as complex debates in the field and student resistance to interpretive paradigms. Literature on teaching QRM and the pedagogical value of…

Humble, Aine M.; Sharp, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

180

Commercial Lighting Solutions, Webtool Peer Review Report  

SciTech Connect

The Commercial Lighting Solutions (CLS) project directly supports the U.S. Department of Energy’s Commercial Building Energy Alliance efforts to design high performance buildings. CLS creates energy efficient best practice lighting designs for widespread use, and they are made available to users via an interactive webtool that both educates and guides the end user through the application of the Lighting Solutions. This report summarizes the peer review of the beta version of the CLS webtool, which contains retail box lighting solutions. The methodology for the peer review process included data collection (stakeholder input), analysis of the comments, and organization of the input into categories for prioritization of the comments against a set of criteria. Based on this process, recommendations were developed about which feedback should be addressed for the release of version 1.0 of the webtool at the Lightfair conference in New York City in May 2009. Due to the volume of data (~500 comments) the methodology for addressing the peer review comments was central to the success of the ultimate goal of improving the tool. The comments were first imported into a master spreadsheet, and then grouped and organized in several layers. Solutions to each comment were then rated by importance and feasibility to determine the practicality of resolving the concerns of the commenter in the short-term or long-term. The rating system was used as an analytical tool, but the results were viewed thoughtfully to ensure that they were not the sole the factor in determining which comments were recommended for near-term resolution. The report provides a list of the top ten most significant and relevant improvements that will be made within the webtool for version 1.0 as well as appendices containing the short-term priorities in additional detail. Peer review comments that are considered high priority by the reviewers and the CLS team but cannot be completed for Version 1.0 are listed as long-term recommendations.

Jones, Carol C.; Meyer, Tracy A.

2009-06-17

181

Online Peer Review: Encouraging Student Response and Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the use of a tailored online peer review program for first-year undergraduate students at an urban college of technology. The program facilitated group peer review in meaningful and technologically elegant ways. Students in a composition class were divided into two groups. One group acted as first reviewers, and the other group…

Lansiquot, Reneta; Rosalia, Christine

2015-01-01

182

Developmental Classroom Personality and Response to Peer Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses whether written or oral peer review is more successful in developmental composition courses. Concludes that while oral reviews are generally preferred by intermediate developmental students, the success of peer review depends on the conglomerate personality of the class itself, based on the students' writing ability, self-concept,…

McAlexander, Patricia J

2000-01-01

183

Peer Review of Teaching: External Review of Course Content.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An important component that models for peer review of faculty often exclude is course content. An approach incorporating course content evaluation by colleagues outside the institution, used at Indiana University-Purdue University at Indianapolis, is described, and the structure and materials used are noted. The model, excerpted from the final…

Malik, David J.

1996-01-01

184

7 CFR 3400.11 - Composition of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications ...and the quality of such research; (3) Professional...other honors received from scientific and professional...

2014-01-01

185

7 CFR 3400.11 - Composition of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications ...and the quality of such research; (3) Professional...other honors received from scientific and professional...

2013-01-01

186

7 CFR 3400.11 - Composition of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications ...and the quality of such research; (3) Professional...other honors received from scientific and professional...

2012-01-01

187

Problems with traditional science publishing and finding a wider niche for post-publication peer review.  

PubMed

Science affects multiple basic sectors of society. Therefore, the findings made in science impact what takes place at a commercial level. More specifically, errors in the literature, incorrect findings, fraudulent data, poorly written scientific reports, or studies that cannot be reproduced not only serve as a burden on tax-payers' money, but they also serve to diminish public trust in science and its findings. Therefore, there is every need to fortify the validity of data that exists in the science literature, not only to build trust among peers, and to sustain that trust, but to reestablish trust in the public and private academic sectors that are witnessing a veritable battle-ground in the world of science publishing, in some ways spurred by the rapid evolution of the open access (OA) movement. Even though many science journals, traditional and OA, claim to be peer reviewed, the truth is that different levels of peer review occur, and in some cases no, insufficient, or pseudo-peer review takes place. This ultimately leads to the erosion of quality and importance of science, allowing essentially anything to become published, provided that an outlet can be found. In some cases, predatory OA journals serve this purpose, allowing papers to be published, often without any peer review or quality control. In the light of an explosion of such cases in predatory OA publishing, and in severe inefficiencies and possible bias in the peer review of even respectable science journals, as evidenced by the increasing attention given to retractions, there is an urgent need to reform the way in which authors, editors, and publishers conduct the first line of quality control, the peer review. One way to address the problem is through post-publication peer review (PPPR), an efficient complement to traditional peer-review that allows for the continuous improvement and strengthening of the quality of science publishing. PPPR may also serve as a way to renew trust in scientific findings by correcting the literature. This article explores what is broadly being said about PPPR in the literature, so as to establish awareness and a possible first-tier prototype for the sciences for which such a system is undeveloped or weak. PMID:25275622

Teixeira da Silva, Jaime A; Dobránszki, Judit

2015-01-01

188

Columbia Journalism Review Daily  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The journalism school at Columbia University is held in high-regard by many for their commitment to training journalists that will hold a high standard of quality investigative reporting that will inspire future generations of like-minded individuals. As with many journalism schools, they have made great headway into offering both critique and comment on the changing world of journalism, and the Columbia Journalism Review Daily is a fine example of such efforts. The Daily was born in 2004 with a mandate to monitor coverage of the presidential election campaign, and has continued over the past several years by offering daily (and, at times, hourly) critiques of political journalism and analyses of the broader forces affecting press performance. Visitors to the homepage can read their commentaries and analyses, and also search the entire contents of the Daily via a handy search feature. Additionally, visitors can make their way through the Daily's archives, if they so wish.

189

Using Online Peer Dialogue Journaling to Promote Reflection in Elementary Preservice Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case study investigates the effectiveness of online peer dialogue journaling. The authors developed this learning strategy for elementary preservice teachers to reflect on their tutoring experiences and to provide support to their journal partners using an Internet discussion forum. The participants were asked to fill in two questionnaires, before and after they participated in writing online peer dialogue journals.

Jiening Ruan; Sara Ann Beach

2005-01-01

190

Virtual slides in peer reviewed, open access medical publication  

PubMed Central

Background Application of virtual slides (VS), the digitalization of complete glass slides, is in its infancy to be implemented in routine diagnostic surgical pathology and to issues that are related to tissue-based diagnosis, such as education and scientific publication. Approach Electronic publication in Pathology offers new features of scientific communication in pathology that cannot be obtained by conventional paper based journals. Most of these features are based upon completely open or partly directed interaction between the reader and the system that distributes the article. One of these interactions can be applied to microscopic images allowing the reader to navigate and magnify the presented images. VS and interactive Virtual Microscopy (VM) are a tool to increase the scientific value of microscopic images. Technology and Performance The open access journal Diagnostic Pathology http://www.diagnosticpathology.org has existed for about five years. It is a peer reviewed journal that publishes all types of scientific contributions, including original scientific work, case reports and review articles. In addition to digitized still images the authors of appropriate articles are requested to submit the underlying glass slides to an institution (DiagnomX.eu, and Leica.com) for digitalization and documentation. The images are stored in a separate image data bank which is adequately linked to the article. The normal review process is not involved. Both processes (peer review and VS acquisition) are performed contemporaneously in order to minimize a potential publication delay. VS are not provided with a DOI index (digital object identifier). The first articles that include VS were published in March 2011. Results and Perspectives Several logistic constraints had to be overcome until the first articles including VS could be published. Step by step an automated acquisition and distribution system had to be implemented to the corresponding article. The acceptance of VS by the reader is high as well as by the authors. Of specific value are the increased confidence to and reputation of authors as well as the presented information to the reader. Additional associated functions such as access to author-owned related image collections, reader-controlled automated image measurements and image transformations are in preparation. Virtual Slides The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1232133347629819. PMID:22182763

2011-01-01

191

7 CFR 3400.21 - Scientific peer review for research activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Scientific peer review for research activities. 3400.21 Section...Arranged by Grantees § 3400.21 Scientific peer review for research activities. Scientific peer review is an evaluation...

2014-01-01

192

7 CFR 3400.21 - Scientific peer review for research activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Scientific peer review for research activities. 3400.21 Section...Arranged by Grantees § 3400.21 Scientific peer review for research activities. Scientific peer review is an evaluation...

2013-01-01

193

7 CFR 3400.21 - Scientific peer review for research activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Scientific peer review for research activities. 3400.21 Section...Arranged by Grantees § 3400.21 Scientific peer review for research activities. Scientific peer review is an evaluation...

2012-01-01

194

42 CFR 52h.3 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Establishment and operation of peer review groups. 52h.3 Section 52h...HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS...3 Establishment and operation of peer review groups. (a) To the...

2010-10-01

195

34 CFR 350.52 - What is the composition of a peer review panel?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false What is the composition of a peer review panel? 350.52 Section 350...350.52 What is the composition of a peer review panel? (a) The Secretary selects as members of a peer review panel scientists and...

2010-07-01

196

7 CFR 3400.21 - Scientific peer review for research activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Scientific peer review for research activities. 3400...AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Peer and Merit Review Arranged by Grantees § 3400.21 Scientific peer review for research activities....

2010-01-01

197

76 FR 68518 - Request for Information: Public Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting From...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Request for Information: Public Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting...stewardship and broad public access to the peer-reviewed scholarly publications that...stewardship and broad public access to the peer-reviewed scholarly publications...

2011-11-04

198

76 FR 80418 - Request for Information: Public Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting From...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Request for Information: Public Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting...stewardship and broad public access to the peer-reviewed scholarly publications that...stewardship and broad public access to the peer-reviewed scholarly publications...

2011-12-23

199

7 CFR 3400.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Establishment and operation of peer review groups. 3400.10 Section...RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications...10 Establishment and operation of peer review groups. Subject to §...

2010-01-01

200

7 CFR 3411.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Establishment and operation of peer review groups. 3411.10 Section...COMPETITIVE GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications...10 Establishment and operation of peer review groups. Subject to §...

2010-01-01

201

77 FR 19126 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: New Threshold for Peer Reviews of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Regulation Supplement: New Threshold for Peer Reviews of Noncompetitive Contracts...threshold for noncompetitive contract peer reviews. DATES: Effective Date: April...final rule reduces the threshold for DoD peer reviews of noncompetitive contracts...

2012-03-30

202

7 CFR 3401.12 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Establishment and operation of peer review groups. 3401.12 Section...RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Applications for Funding...12 Establishment and operation of peer review groups. Subject to §...

2010-01-01

203

7 CFR 3415.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Establishment and operation of peer review groups. 3415.10 Section...RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications...10 Establishment and operation of peer review groups. Subject to §...

2010-01-01

204

76 FR 4113 - Independent Scientific Peer Review Panel Meeting on an In Vitro  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...HUMAN SERVICES Independent Scientific Peer Review Panel Meeting on an In Vitro Estrogen...Announcement of an Independent Scientific Peer Review Panel Meeting on an In Vitro Estrogen...meeting of an independent scientific peer review panel (Panel) to evaluate...

2011-01-24

205

Peer review improves the quality of MCQ examinations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to assess the effect of the introduction of peer review processes on the quality of multiple-choice examinations in the first three years of an Australian medical course. The impact of the peer review process and overall quality assurance (QA) processes were evaluated by comparing the examination data generated in earlier years (2008) with those

Bunmi S. Malau-Aduli; Craig Zimitat

2011-01-01

206

Peer Review Improves the Quality of MCQ Examinations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to assess the effect of the introduction of peer review processes on the quality of multiple-choice examinations in the first three years of an Australian medical course. The impact of the peer review process and overall quality assurance (QA) processes were evaluated by comparing the examination data generated in earlier…

Malau-Aduli, Bunmi S.; Zimitat, Craig

2012-01-01

207

Clinical Social Work and Peer Review: A Professional Leap Ahead.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Clinical social work has recently become a part of national peer review systems. The development of peer review--an aspect of quality assurance--and its implementation by insurance carriers is discussed. Social workers' participation and courses designed to instruct social workers about dealing effectively with third-party payers are described.…

Jackson, Josephine A.

1987-01-01

208

The Great Fossil Fiasco: Teaching about Peer Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a lesson that engages middle school students in learning about peer review. Uses the article "Archaeoraptor Fossil Trail," which was published in the November, 1999 issue of "National Geographic" as an example of a real life story of how peer review forces scientists to critically re-examine a fossil discovery. (SOE)

Gift, Nancy; Krasny, Marianne

2003-01-01

209

Peer Review Summary Document (08/23/2012)  

E-print Network

-water interactions, understanding the hydrologic response to climate change, and application of inverse modeling. Peer Reviewers' Expertise and Credentials Peer Reviewer #1: Research Hydrologist in the U.S. Geological simulation of regional-scale groundwater flow systems, quantification of groundwater and surface

Torgersen, Christian

210

Using Peer Review to Improve Student Writing in Business Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student peer review has proven an effective technique for improving student writing in both English and business communication classes, yet the technique is not widely used in business courses other than business communication. In this article, the author discusses using student peer review in business classes to improve students' final written…

Rieber, Lloyd J.

2006-01-01

211

ForPeerReview SEROCONVERSION TO HEPATITIS C VIRUS ALTERNATE  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview SEROCONVERSION TO HEPATITIS C VIRUS ALTERNATE READING FRAME PROTEIN DURING THE ACUTE de Bacteriologie and Virologie Keywords: ARFP, antibodies, acute hepatitis C, seroconversion (Baltimore, Md.) 2009;49(5):1449-59" DOI : 10.1002/hep.22821 #12;ForPeerReview SEROCONVERSION TO HEPATITIS C

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

212

45 CFR 96.136 - Independent peer review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Individual peer reviewers must also be knowledgeable about the modality being reviewed and its underlying theoretical approach to addictions treatment, and must be sensitive to the cultural and environmental issues that may influence the quality of the...

2014-10-01

213

45 CFR 96.136 - Independent peer review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Individual peer reviewers must also be knowledgeable about the modality being reviewed and its underlying theoretical approach to addictions treatment, and must be sensitive to the cultural and environmental issues that may influence the quality of the...

2013-10-01

214

45 CFR 96.136 - Independent peer review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Individual peer reviewers must also be knowledgeable about the modality being reviewed and its underlying theoretical approach to addictions treatment, and must be sensitive to the cultural and environmental issues that may influence the quality of the...

2011-10-01

215

Pulsed Power Peer Review Committee Report  

SciTech Connect

In 1993, the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA, PL 103-62) was enacted. GPRA, which applies to all federal programs, has three components: strategic plans, annual performance plans, and metrics to show how well annual plans are being followed. As part of meeting the GRPA requirement in FY2000, a 14-member external peer review panel (the Garwin Committee) was convened on May 17-19, 2000 to review Sandia National Laboratories' Pulsed Power Programs as a component of the Performance Appraisal Process negotiated with the Department of Energy (DOE). The scope of the review included activities in inertial confinement fission (ICF), weapon physics, development of radiation sources for weapons effects simulation, x-ray radiography, basic research in high energy density physics (HEDP), and pulsed power technology research and development. In his charge to the committee, Jeffrey Quintenz, Director of Pulsed Power Sciences (1600) asked that the review be based on four criteria (1) quality of science, technology, and engineering, (2) programmatic performance, management, and planning, (3) relevance to national needs and agency missions, and (4) performance in the operation and construction of major research facilities. In addition, specific programmatic questions were posed by the director and by the DOE-Defense Programs (DP). The accompanying report, produced as a SAND document, is the report of the committee's findings.

BLOOMQUIST,DOUGLAS D.

2000-12-01

216

Alternatives to Peer Review: Novel Approaches for Research Evaluation  

PubMed Central

In this paper we review several novel approaches for research evaluation. We start with a brief overview of the peer review, its controversies, and metrics for assessing efficiency and overall quality of the peer review. We then discuss five approaches, including reputation-based ones, that come out of the research carried out by the LiquidPub project and research groups collaborated with LiquidPub. Those approaches are alternative or complementary to traditional peer review. We discuss pros and cons of the proposed approaches and conclude with a vision for the future of the research evaluation, arguing that no single system can suit all stakeholders in various communities. PMID:22174702

Birukou, Aliaksandr; Wakeling, Joseph Rushton; Bartolini, Claudio; Casati, Fabio; Marchese, Maurizio; Mirylenka, Katsiaryna; Osman, Nardine; Ragone, Azzurra; Sierra, Carles; Wassef, Aalam

2011-01-01

217

A Review of Peer Social Development in Early Childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides a clear and informative review of the literature on young children's peer social development. Implications of social?learning theory are addressed as well as numerous findings of empirical research in this area. Themes well?documented in the literature include (a) child\\/peer versus child\\/adult interactions, (b) incorporation of toys and games, (c) influence of mothers, and (d) gender peer preferences.

Robin P. Goin

1998-01-01

218

ForPeerReview Channel formation by flow stripping: large-scale scour features along the  

E-print Network

East Channel and their relation to sediment waves Journal: Sedimentology Manuscript ID: SED-2005-OM-049 1 of 63 Sedimentology #12;ForPeerReview Monterey East ms -- 2005 June 13, 2005 1 Channel formation it Page 2 of 63Sedimentology 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29

Parker, Gary

219

[Comment on “Implementing the peer review process in AGU Publications” The peer review process in JGR”Space Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent Forum articles (Eos, October 23, 1984, p. 770), P.J. Baum and A.J. Dessler have commented on the peer review system as implemented in the Space Physics section of JGR. The issues they raise are important, and as current editor I welcome the opportunity to express my views on them.As is evident from the review form presently used in JGR-Space Physics and shown in Figure 1, I share the concern expressed by Baum and Dessler that the review process should permit significant new and unorthodox ideas or results to be published. Apparently, Baum feels that the form is a negative influence in this respect. Eos readers may judge for themselves, but I must confess to surprise at this reaction, since the objective of maintaining the journal as an open forum for diverse scientific viewpoints is spelled out very clearly and since referees are asked to present constructive criticism whenever possible. In my experience, most referees have no difficulty relating the information on the back side of the form to the summary evaluation on the front side, and they are quite willing to recommend acceptance of high-quality papers containing controversial but well argued views. Thus I believe the form serves its purposes well. Nevertheless, I would welcome concrete suggestions for improvement of it.

Sonnerup, B. U. ö.

1984-04-01

220

[The peer review procedure and its place in medicine].  

PubMed

Peer Review literally meaning "re-inspection by a peer" is a special form of external evaluation whose roots go back to Ancient Greece and which is widely employed in science to assess manuscripts submitted for publication. In the medical context the Peer Review process is defined as structured critical self-reflection through dialogue with colleagues. Its prime objective is to improve the quality of patient care by identifying potentials for improvement and by deriving an action plan. Amongst other things, this includes medical standards and guidelines, indications and their traceability, the monitoring of the treatment process as well as the interdisciplinary cooperation and teamwork between different professional groups. The Peer Review practice in Germany has received strong impetus from comprehensive hospital operator projects like IQM, the "Initiative Qualitätsmedizin", and the Peer Review practice in intensive care. This practice, which has primarily been developed by practitioners for practitioners of their own accord, offers the chance to integrate medical quality with little bureaucratic effort and direct transfer of knowledge back into daily clinical work. Another important approach to promote peer reviewer qualifications is the curriculum "Medical Peer Review", which has been published by the German Medical Association since 2011. (As supplied by publisher). PMID:23084858

Chop, Ines; Eberlein-Gonska, Maria

2012-01-01

221

Peer-Reviewed Publication of Clinical Trials Completed for Pediatric Exclusivity  

PubMed Central

Context Much of pediatric drug use is “off-label” because appropriate pediatric studies have not been conducted and the drugs have not been labeled by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in children. In 1997, Congress authorized FDA to grant extensions of marketing rights known as “pediatric exclusivity” if FDA-requested pediatric trials were conducted. As a result, there have been over 100 product labeling changes. The publication status of studies completed for pediatric exclusivity has not been evaluated. Objective To quantify the dissemination of results of studies conducted for pediatric exclusivity into the peer-review literature. Design Cohort study of all trials conducted for Pediatric Exclusivity, the subsequent labeling changes, and the publication of those studies in peer-reviewed journals. We categorized each study in the exclusivity application as ”successful” or “unsuccessful” based on FDA approval of the indication sought by the sponsor. We categorized any labeling changes resulting from the studies as ”positive” or “negative” for the drug under study. We then evaluated aspects of the studies and product label changes that were associated with subsequent publication in peer-reviewed medical journals. Main Outcome Measures Publication of the trial data in peer-reviewed journals. Results Between 1998 and 2004, 253 studies were submitted to FDA for pediatric exclusivity: 50% evaluated efficacy, 20% were multi-dose pharmacokinetic, 13% were single-dose pharmacokinetic, and 17% were safety studies. Labeling changes were positive for 127/253 (50%) of studies; only 112/253 (44%) were published. Efficacy studies and those with a favorable labeling change were more likely to be published. Of 100 studies resulting in important labeling changes, only 33 were published. Conclusions The pediatric exclusivity program has been successful in encouraging drug studies in children. However, the dissemination of these results in the peer-reviewed literature is limited. The results of these trials and future studies conducted for pediatric exclusivity should be published in peer-reviewed journals. Mechanisms to more widely disperse this information warrant further evaluation. PMID:16968851

Benjamin, Daniel Kelly; Smith, Philip Brian; Murphy, M. Dianne; Roberts, Rosemary; Mathis, Lisa; Avant, Debbie; Califf, Robert M; Li, Jennifer S.

2009-01-01

222

The More You Know: The Impact of Publication and Peer-Review Experience on Psychology Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The New School Psychology Bulletin (NSPB) is a peer-reviewed journal operated by clinical psychology graduate students. Forty-four members of the editorial board and 27 authors were surveyed before and after working with NSPB. Results of the survey demonstrated that experience with the publication process resulted in quantitative decreases in…

Doran, Jennifer M.; Somerville, William; Harlem-Siegel, Jessica; Steele, Howard

2014-01-01

223

The Impact of Peer Review on Writing in a Psychology Course: Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors assessed the impact of peer review on student writing in four sections of an undergraduate Developmental Psychology course. They hypothesized that peer review would result in better writing in the peer review group compared to the group with no peer review. Writing was rated independently by two instructors who were blind to the…

Bhullar, Naureen; Rose, Karen C.; Utell, Janine M.; Healey, Kathryn N.

2014-01-01

224

Peer Review in Higher Education: Student Perceptions before and after Participation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review is integral to academic endeavour, but opportunities for students to benefit from peer review in higher education remain limited, and relatively little is known about how student perceptions influence their appreciation of peer review. University student perceptions were examined before and after experiencing student peer review in…

Mulder, Raoul A.; Pearce, Jon M.; Baik, Chi

2014-01-01

225

Designing Peer Review for Pedagogical Success: What Can We Learn from Professional Science?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article compares peer review in professional versus education settings, summarizing key aspects of scientific peer review and reflecting on how these relate to the process as experienced by students. Consideration of professional peer review benefits educators in two ways. First, systems used for student peer review can employ some of the…

Trautmann, Nancy M.

2009-01-01

226

7 CFR 3415.11 - Composition of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.11...

2011-01-01

227

42 CFR 52h.4 - Composition of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS...level of formal scientific or technical...in relevant research, the capacities...quality of the research; (3) Recognition...received from scientific and...

2013-10-01

228

7 CFR 3401.13 - Composition of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...AGRICULTURE RANGELAND RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Applications for Funding...and the quality of such research; (c) Professional...other honors received from scientific and professional...

2014-01-01

229

42 CFR 52h.4 - Composition of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS...level of formal scientific or technical...in relevant research, the capacities...quality of the research; (3) Recognition...received from scientific and...

2012-10-01

230

7 CFR 3401.13 - Composition of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AGRICULTURE RANGELAND RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Applications for Funding...and the quality of such research; (c) Professional...other honors received from scientific and professional...

2013-01-01

231

42 CFR 52h.4 - Composition of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS...level of formal scientific or technical...in relevant research, the capacities...quality of the research; (3) Recognition...received from scientific and...

2014-10-01

232

7 CFR 3401.13 - Composition of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AGRICULTURE RANGELAND RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Applications for Funding...and the quality of such research; (c) Professional...other honors received from scientific and professional...

2012-01-01

233

Final Independent External Peer Review Report Bubbly Creek Ecosystem Restoration  

E-print Network

Final Independent External Peer Review Report Bubbly Creek Ecosystem Restoration Feasibility Study National Planning Center of Expertise for Ecosystem Restoration Mississippi Valley Division Contract No. W Report Bubbly Creek Ecosystem Restoration Feasibility Study Prepared by Battelle 505 King Avenue Columbus

US Army Corps of Engineers

234

Peer Review Summary Document (7/30/2012)  

E-print Network

of unconventional oil and gas development at the John Wesley Powell Center for Analysis and Synthesis. Peer Reviewer-water and groundwater quality in areas of unconventional oil and gas development at the John Wesley Powell Center

Torgersen, Christian

235

7 CFR 3415.11 - Composition of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.11...

2013-01-01

236

7 CFR 3415.11 - Composition of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.11...

2012-01-01

237

7 CFR 3415.11 - Composition of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.11...

2014-01-01

238

42 CFR 67.103 - Peer review of contract proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...103 Section 67.103 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING AGENCY FOR HEALTH CARE POLICY AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Peer Review of Contracts for Health...

2012-10-01

239

42 CFR 67.103 - Peer review of contract proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...103 Section 67.103 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING AGENCY FOR HEALTH CARE POLICY AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Peer Review of Contracts for Health...

2011-10-01

240

The JSC Engineering Directorate Product Peer Review Process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The JSC Engineering Directorate has developed a Product Peer Review process in support of NASA policies for project management and systems engineering. The process complies with the requirements of NPR 7120.5, NPR 7123.1 and NPR 7150.2 and follows the guidance in NASA/SP-2007-6105. This presentation will give an overview of the process followed by a brief demonstration of an actual peer review, with audience participation.

Jenks, Kenneth C.

2009-01-01

241

American Journalism Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published under the careful hand of staff members at the Philip Merrill College of Journalism at the University of Maryland, the American Journalism Review comes out six times a year. The print magazine is available here for the general public in an electronic format, and contains articles ranging from the changing media landscape in the United States and to discussions about whether newsrooms should use the names of illegal immigrants in their reporting on various events. If visitors so desire, they may also browse the archives of this publication all the way back to 1991. Those in the field of journalism (or those who are just curious about the field) should browse on over to the âÂÂResourcesâ area. Here they can learn about journalism fellowships and look over a list of helpful âÂÂReportersâ ToolsâÂÂ, which are essentially links to like-minded sites. For those looking for a break from the normal supply of stoic headlines, there is the âÂÂTake 2â area of the site. With just a click of the mouse, users can read a number of funny errors and clever headlines culled straight from the wide world of the American media.

242

Peer Review and Bibliometric: Potentials and Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Among the various human activities, activities in science are those that are the most subject to evaluation by peers (Laloë\\u000a and Mosseri 2009). Such evaluations ­determine, among ranking positions of universities, who gets which job, who gets tenure,\\u000a and who gets which awards and honors (Feist 2006). For the THE – QS World University Rankings, the assessment by peers is

Lutz Bornmann

243

Medical students as peer tutors: a systematic review  

PubMed Central

Background While Peer Assisted Learning (PAL) has long occurred informally in medical education, in the past ten years, there has been increasing international interest in formally organised PAL, with many benefits for both the students and institutions. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to establish why and how PAL has been implemented, focussing on the recruitment and training process for peer tutors, the benefits for peer tutors, and the competency of peer tutors. Method A literature search was conducted in three electronic databases. Selection of titles and abstracts were made based on pre-determined eligibility criteria. We utilized the ‘AMEE Peer assisted learning: a planning and implementation framework: AMEE Guide no. 30’ to assist us in establishing the review aims in a systematic review of the literature between 2002 and 2012. Six key questions were developed and used in our analysis of particular aspects of PAL programs within medical degree programs. Results We found nineteen articles that satisfied our inclusion criteria. The PAL activities fell into three broad categories of teacher training, peer teaching and peer assessment. Variability was found in the reporting of tutor recruitment and training processes, tutor outcomes, and tutor competencies. Conclusion Results from this review suggest that there are many perceived learning benefits for student tutors. However, there were mixed results regarding the accuracy of peer assessment and feedback, and no substantial evidence to conclude that participation as a peer tutor improves one’s own examination performance. Further research into PAL in medicine is required if we are to better understand the relative impact and benefits for student tutors. PMID:24912500

2014-01-01

244

Does continuing medical education by peer review really work?  

PubMed Central

A peer review of breast operation statistics was conducted. Standards for the proportion of biopsies positive for cancer, and for length of postoperative stay following operation for benign and malignant conditions were developed and each surgeon was informed of his performance and how it compared with that of his colleagues. The same parameters of care were reviewed one year later to study changes in performance. Low volume of clinical material, failure of two surgeons to change, and a steady general improvement in all parameters in the years prior to the presentation of the peer review, confused the demonstration of improvement in the year after the educational effort. There was a statistically significant improvement in the proportion of biopsies positive for cancer, reflecting reduction in unnecessary biopsies, but the pre-existing annual improvement in reducing postoperative stays was not accelerated. Does continuing medical education by peer review really work? Probably. PMID:4704094

Devitt, James E.

1973-01-01

245

Fiber types, asbestos potency, and environmental causation: a peer review of published work and legal and regulatory scientific testimony.  

PubMed

Scientific evidence and analysis offered in litigation and public policy testimony have an important role in occupational and environmental health, but are not subject to peer review. Critique and commentary, attempts at reproduction of results, and review of data offered in such testimony is essential. Peer review of such testimony should become part of the domain of medical and scientific journals. This paper is an effort to peer review the use of certain scientific methods in tort litigation and in testimony before regulatory agencies. In this issue of IJOEH, Azuma et al. show that background asbestos exposures can be considered to have caused mesothelioma. In contrast, epidemiologic studies and testimony by Teta et al. and Price and Ware, and pathologic studies and testimony by Roggli and others, claim that background exposures are benign. These are fatally flawed because of methodological and analytic errors. PMID:19496487

Egilman, David

2009-01-01

246

A Web-Based Interface for Student Peer Review, Problem-Based Learning, and Peer Pressure  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Because many students in land-grant colleges focus their studies in the natural sciences, they often find the writing assignments associated with classes in the social science of natural resource management to be especially challenging. Such writing assignments tend to depend on argumentation, rather than finding the answer, or controlled experimentation. This paper describes developing and implementing a web-based interface for a course in environmental law to overcome some of these difficulties. In a problem-based learning context, the interface promotes student peer review, which improves argumentation. Data suggest that students are comfortable learning in groups and that learning becomes easier when coupled with group activities, including peer review through the interface. In addition, the quality of student argumentation is found to improve through peer pressure.

Duke, Joshua

2003-01-01

247

Peer Review Summary Document (12/20/2011)  

E-print Network

and Water Resources Policy. Three years of experience with Amoco Oil Company's experimental seismic division., CSIRO and Curtin Univ. Tech. in Western Australia. Charge Submitted to Peer Reviewers The reviewers were, overall the report is well written and the table and figures in good shape. Recommended authors consider

Torgersen, Christian

248

Independent peer review of nuclear safety computer codes  

SciTech Connect

A structured process of independent computer code peer review has been developed to assist the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the US Department of Energy in their nuclear safety missions. This paper focuses on the process that evolved during recent reviews of NRC codes.

Boyack, B.E.; Jenks, R.P.

1993-01-01

249

Independent peer review of nuclear safety computer codes  

SciTech Connect

A structured process of independent computer code peer review has been developed to assist the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the US Department of Energy in their nuclear safety missions. This paper focuses on the process that evolved during recent reviews of NRC codes.

Boyack, B.E.; Jenks, R.P.

1993-02-01

250

Genetics and Peer Relations: A Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers have become increasingly interested in uncovering how genetic factors work together with the peer environment in influencing development. This article offers an overview of the state of knowledge. It first describes the different types of gene-environment correlations (rGE) and gene-environment interactions (GxE) that are of relevance…

Brendgen, Mara

2012-01-01

251

Book reviews in medical journals.  

PubMed Central

In a study of book reviews published in four general medical journals over a six-month period, 480 reviews were analyzed. Twenty-five features that reviewers address when evaluating a text were identified, and the frequency of commentary for each feature was determined. The mean number of features addressed per review was 9.0. Reviews averaged 389 words, but review length did not correlate with the length or scope of the book, with the number of features addressed, nor with the reviewer's assessment of the text. Extraneous commentary by the reviewer occurred in 16% of the reviews. This editorializing appeared in lengthier reviews that addressed fewer features. Favorable reviews were far more common than unfavorable ones (88.5% vs. 11.5%). Consequently, for the fifty-five books reviewed in more than one journal, agreement regarding rating of the text was high (86%). Results of this study may provide useful guidelines for reviewers of medical texts. PMID:3947772

Kroenke, K

1986-01-01

252

A Study of Technical Engineering Peer Reviews at NASA  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report describes the state of practices of design reviews at NASA and research into what can be done to improve peer review practices. There are many types of reviews at NASA: required and not, formalized and informal, programmatic and technical. Standing project formal reviews such as the Preliminary Design Review and Critical Design Review are a required part of every project and mission development. However, the technical, engineering peer reviews that support teams' work on such projects are informal, some times ad hoc, and inconsistent across the organization. The goal of this work is to identify best practices and lessons learned from NASA's experience, supported by academic research and methodologies to ultimately improve the process. This research has determined that the organization, composition, scope, and approach of the reviews impact their success. Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) can identify key areas of concern before or in the reviews. Product definition tools like the Project Priority Matrix, engineering-focused Customer Value Chain Analysis (CVCA), and project or system-based Quality Function Deployment (QFD) help prioritize resources in reviews. The use of information technology and structured design methodologies can strengthen the engineering peer review process to help NASA work towards error-proofing the design process.

Chao, Lawrence P.; Tumer, Irem Y.; Bell, David G.

2003-01-01

253

IRIS Toxicological Review and Summary Documents for 1,4-Dichlorobenzene (External Peer Review)  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. EPA has conducted a peer review of the scientific basis supporting the human health hazard and dose-response assessment of 1,4-dichlorobenzene that will appear on the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) database. Peer review is meant to ensure that science is used ...

254

77 FR 21777 - Expanded Charge for Peer Review of the NIOSH document Titled: “Criteria for a Recommended...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Number NIOSH-245] Expanded Charge for Peer Review of the NIOSH document Titled...ACTION: Notice of Expanded Charge for Peer Review...and Prevention (CDC) is undergoing peer review for the draft document,...

2012-04-11

255

45 CFR 60.10 - Reporting negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private accreditation...negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private accreditation...physician, dentist, or entity by a peer review organization or private...

2010-10-01

256

77 FR 58802 - Notice of Intent To Seek OMB Approval To Collect Information: Forms Pertaining to the Peer Review...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Information: Forms Pertaining to the Peer Review of ARS Research Projects AGENCY...this notice to: Michael S. Strauss, Peer Review Program Coordinator, Office of...efficiently manage data associated with the peer review of agricultural research....

2012-09-24

257

JAMA Patient Page: Medical Journals  

MedlinePLUS

... for overall quality and appropriateness for that journal. • Peer review —Submissions that pass initial editorial review are sent for evaluation to experts who are “peers” of the authors regarding the topic of the ...

258

7 CFR 3400.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3400.10 Establishment and operation of peer review groups....

2012-01-01

259

7 CFR 3401.12 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE RANGELAND RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Applications for Funding § 3401.12 Establishment and operation of peer review...

2014-01-01

260

7 CFR 3401.12 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE RANGELAND RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Applications for Funding § 3401.12 Establishment and operation of peer review...

2013-01-01

261

7 CFR 3400.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3400.10 Establishment and operation of peer review groups....

2014-01-01

262

7 CFR 3400.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3400.10 Establishment and operation of peer review groups....

2013-01-01

263

7 CFR 3401.12 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE RANGELAND RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Applications for Funding § 3401.12 Establishment and operation of peer review...

2012-01-01

264

Collaborative Learning through Formative Peer Review with Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a collaboration between a mathematician and a compositionist who developed a sequence of collaborative writing assignments for calculus. This sequence of developmentally appropriate assignments presents peer review as a collaborative process that promotes reflection, deepens understanding, and improves exposition. First, we…

Eaton, Carrie Diaz; Wade, Stephanie

2014-01-01

265

ForPeerReview Preferential association between childhood emotional abuse  

E-print Network

57 58 59 60 #12;ForPeerReview Abstract Childhood trauma has been suggested to be involved controls completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ). The CTQ total score was higher for bipolar include systematic assessment of childhood trauma among bipolar patients with a particular focus

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

266

Quality assurance, documentation, and peer review by home birth CNMs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The unique characteristics of home birth practice for certified nurse-widwives (CNMs) are applied to a quality assurance program. This article explores the multiple purposes, benefits, and elements of documentation as they specifically apply to home birth. The steps of documentation for a home birth practice are outlined and the three current models to consider in setting up positive peer review

M. Elisa Morales; Sandra Maliszewski; Margaret Greenless

1995-01-01

267

Peer Review Plan Date: 8/20/2012  

E-print Network

Peer Review Plan Date: 8/20/2012 Source Center: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Pacific Island of smallholder timber production under expanding Açaí palm production in the Amazon Estuary. Subject and Purpose to its primary land use alternative in the Amazon Estuary, Açaí palm fruit production. Net Present Value

Torgersen, Christian

268

Teacher Immediacy: Reflections on a Peer Review of Teaching Scheme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a qualitative approach drawing on the experiences of four HE lecturers, this study provides an exploration of and insights into a peer review of teaching (PRT) scheme, which focused on teacher immediacy and communication skills. Within the United Kingdom, limited research has been undertaken in relation to teacher immediacy even though…

Nixon, Sarah; Vickerman, Philip; Maynard, Carol

2010-01-01

269

Manuscript Submission Guidelines: Information Visualization 1. Peer review policy  

E-print Network

Manuscript Submission Guidelines: Information Visualization 1. Peer review policy 2. Article types-Prints and complimentary copies 10.3 SAGE production 11. Further information Information Visualization is published and developing the unique and significant aspects of information visualization. Emphasis is placed

Chen, Chaomei

270

Enhancing Proof Writing via Cross-Institutional Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the Spring of 2011, two of the authors of this paper taught number theory courses at their respective institutions. Twice during the semester, students in each class submitted proofs of two to three theorems to be peer reviewed by students in the other class. Each student wrote anonymous and formal referee reports of the submitted theorems,…

Ernst, Dana C.; Hodge, Angie; Schultz, Andrew

2015-01-01

271

Publications on Rural Poverty and Development Peer-Reviewed Articles  

E-print Network

Publications on Rural Poverty and Development Peer-Reviewed Articles Davis J., López-Carr D. (2014 in Central America Land Use Policy 36, 319-329. Murtinho F., Eakin H., López-Carr D., Hayes TM. (2013) Does-Carr (2013). The effects of population and land cover change on food security in Latin America from 1961

Lopez-Carr, David

272

NIH Mulls Ways to Lure Back Veteran Peer Reviewers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Not long ago, academic scientists welcomed calls from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) asking them to volunteer as peer reviewers. Many were glad for the opportunity to help distribute billions of dollars in federal biomedical-research grants even though the service required a big time commitment--the equivalent of one month a year to…

Brainard, Jeffrey

2008-01-01

273

7 CFR 205.509 - Peer review panel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...The peer review panel shall be composed of not less than 3 members who shall annually evaluate the National Organic Program's adherence to the accreditation procedures in this subpart F and ISO/IEC Guide 61, General requirements for assessment and...

2010-01-01

274

Peer Review Plan Date: 1/17/2012  

E-print Network

Restoration Agreement (KBRA) was developed to provide a comprehensive solution to ecological and water-supply issues in the Klamath River Basin of southern Oregon and northern California. The Off-Project WaterPeer Review Plan Date: 1/17/2012 Source Center: U.S Geological Survey (USGS) Oregon Water Science

Torgersen, Christian

275

Trans-NIH Regional Grant Writing & Scientific Peer Review Workshops  

Cancer.gov

CGH organizes The Regional Grant Writing & Scientific Peer Review Workshops in coordination with several Institutes and Centers across NIH to increase the participation of scientists from LMICs in the research grant process; develop strategies for sustainable research support and collaborations; and use competitive research as a tool to address global health issues.

276

Submission Form for Peer-Reviewed Cancer Risk Prediction Models  

Cancer.gov

The Epidemiology and Genomics Research Program (EGRP) strives to keep our list of peer-reviewed cancer risk prediction models as comprehensive and up-to-date as possible. If you have information about a model you would like to be considered for inclusion on this list, submit as much information as possible through the form below. For questions, contact Andrew N.

277

Peer Review of the Hydrogen Program Hydrogen Briefing  

E-print Network

. Balanced research, development and validation program to produce hydrogen from indigenous fossil and nonPeer Review of the Hydrogen Program Hydrogen Briefing May 5, 2002 #12;Assistant Secretary Garman's 9 Priorities EERE's Priorities: Hydrogen 1. Dramatically reduce or even end dependence on foreign

278

Final External Peer Review Report for Boston Harbor Navigation Improvement  

E-print Network

Memorial Institute 505 King Avenue Columbus, OH 43201 Prepared for U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Mobile by Battelle 505 King Avenue Columbus, Ohio 43201 for Department of the Army U.S. Army Corps of EngineersFinal External Peer Review Report for Boston Harbor Navigation Improvement Prepared by Battelle

US Army Corps of Engineers

279

June 24, 2013 Final Independent External Peer Review Report  

E-print Network

Harbor by Lynn McLeod Battelle 505 King Avenue Columbus, OH 43201 (781) 952-5381, mcleod@battelle and Environmental Impact Statement Lake Worth Inlet, Palm Beach Harbor Prepared by Battelle Memorial Institute by Battelle Memorial Institute, Contract No. W911NF-11-D-0001 Final Independent External Peer Review Report

US Army Corps of Engineers

280

Investigating Mandatory Peer Review of Teaching In Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Accountability agendas are influencing the secondary education sector in Australian schools. Analysis of student achievement, student feedback mechanisms and personal reflection are forming part of these agendas as methods of teacher evaluation. Additionally, and more recently, teacher evaluation through "peer review" is emerging as a…

Brix, Jacinta; Grainger, Peter; Hill, Angela

2014-01-01

281

Peer Reviewing Preservice Teachers of Christian Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the contributions peer review makes to the formation of preservice teachers of religious education within the context of Christian higher education. The participants were postgraduate students undertaking a preservice teacher training course at Australian Catholic University, Australia (Melbourne campus). Those training to…

Buchanan, Michael T.

2011-01-01

282

Rochester City School District Peer Assistance Review Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper the author evaluates the Peer Assistance and Review (PAR) program in the Rochester City School District, Rochester, NY. The author evaluates the system's strengths and weaknesses and discusses the program's alignment with New York State requirements. The paper addresses the benefits to teachers and the school district that…

Zuroski, Kathryn

2010-01-01

283

42 CFR 67.15 - Peer review of applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...that any member of a peer review group or his or her spouse, parent, child, or partner is currently or expected to be the...has had or is expected to have any other responsibility or involvement (whether preaward or postaward) as an officer or...

2014-10-01

284

Development of Student Writing in Biochemistry Using Calibrated Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigating the effectiveness of Calibrated Peer Review (CPR )[TM] in a senior-level biochemistry class had three purposes: to (a) compare the CPR process for feedback with TA-generated feedback in improving students' ability to write scientific abstracts; (b) compare CPR results for males and females; and (c) observe whether CPR…

Hartberg, Yasha; Gunersel, Adalet Baris; Simspon, Nancy J.; Balester, Valerie

2008-01-01

285

Instructors' Uses, Experiences, Thoughts and Suggestions regarding Calibrated Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a qualitative study conducted with faculty members who participated in a project funded by the National Science Foundation focusing on student development with Calibrated Peer Review (CPR)[TM], a web-based tool created to promote writing and critical-thinking skills. The purpose of the study was to gain an understanding of…

Gunersel, Adalet Baris; Simpson, Nancy J.

2010-01-01

286

Adapting Peer Review to an Online Course: An Exploratory Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With demonstrated benefits to higher level learning, peer review in the classroom has been well researched and popular since at least the 1990s. However, little or no prior studies exist into the peer review process for online courses. Further, we found no prior research specifically addressing the operational aspects of online peer review. This…

Knight, Linda V.; Steinbach, Theresa A.

2011-01-01

287

Quality in Research and the Significance of Community Assessment and Peer Review: Education's Idiosyncrasy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Calls for the quality of educational research to be monitored more carefully are examined in the context of the most widely used and trusted form of quality screening, namely, that afforded by peer review. The serious limitations of peer review for this purpose, especially in education, are outlined before discussing the place of peer review…

Macnab, Natasha; Thomas, Gary

2007-01-01

288

Freedom of Information Act 2000 NERC Policy on Peer Review information Version 2 August 2012  

E-print Network

Freedom of Information Act 2000 ­ NERC Policy on Peer Review information Version 2 August 2012 1 Freedom of Information ­ NERC Policy on Peer Review information The purpose of this document is to set out what information the NERC will and will not release concerning the peer review process. The Freedom

Brierley, Andrew

289

The Potential of Dual-Language Cross-Cultural Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the potential of dual-language cross-cultural peer review and how it improves on traditional monolingual and monocultural peer review. Drawing on scholarship related to international exchange programmes, peer review, and two-way immersion programmes in the United States as well as data collected while facilitating the…

Ruecker, Todd

2011-01-01

290

How Does Student Peer Review Influence Perceptions, Engagement and Academic Outcomes? A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Involving students in peer review has many pedagogical benefits, but few studies have explicitly investigated relationships between the content of peer reviews, student perceptions and assessment outcomes. We conducted a case study of peer review within a third-year undergraduate subject at a research-intensive Australian university, in which we…

Mulder, Raoul; Baik, Chi; Naylor, Ryan; Pearce, Jon

2014-01-01

291

34 CFR 350.51 - What is the purpose of peer review?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false What is the purpose of peer review? 350.51 Section 350.51 Education...Make an Award? § 350.51 What is the purpose of peer review? The purpose of peer review is to insure that— (a) Those...

2010-07-01

292

34 CFR 350.50 - What is the peer review process for this Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false What is the peer review process for this Program? 350...an Award? § 350.50 What is the peer review process for this Program? ...by those regulations in this part to a peer review panel established by the...

2010-07-01

293

76 FR 67439 - External Peer Review Meeting for Draft Microbial Risk Assessment Guideline: Pathogenic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...EPA-HQ-ORD-2011-053; FRL-9485-1] External Peer Review Meeting for Draft Microbial Risk...The public may register to attend this peer review meeting as observers. Time will...consider the comments from the external peer review meeting, along with public...

2011-11-01

294

Predicting Academics' Willingness to Participate in Peer Review of Teaching: A Quantitative Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review of teaching is a collegial process designed to help academics reflect on and improve their teaching practice. Considerable research supports the value of peer review of teaching. However, uptake of voluntary programs is typically low. Few studies have examined the predictors of engagement in voluntary peer review. This study surveyed…

White, Kiri; Boehm, Emilia; Chester, Andrea

2014-01-01

295

Pre-University Chemistry Students in a Mimicked Scholarly Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review is a significant component in scientific research. Introducing peer review into inquiry processes may be regarded as an aim to develop student understanding regarding quality in inquiries. This study examines student understanding in inquiry peer reviews among pre-university chemistry students, aged 16-17, when they enact a design of a…

van Rens, Lisette; Hermarij, Philip; Pilot, Albert; Beishuizen, Jos; Hofman, Herman; Wal, Marjolein

2014-01-01

296

Using Online Peer Dialogue Journaling to Promote Reflection in Elementary Preservice Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study investigates the effectiveness of online peer dialogue journaling. The authors developed this learning strategy for elementary preservice teachers to reflect on their tutoring experiences and to provide support to their journal partners using an Internet discussion forum. The participants were asked to fill in two questionnaires,…

Ruan, Jiening; Beach, Sara Ann

2005-01-01

297

What Works in Writing with Peer Response? A Review of Intervention Studies with Children and Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer response is viewed as an important aspect of writing instruction. Several meta-studies indicated that peer response is effective. However, these studies did not focus on the specific aspects of peer response that made it effective. The present review analyzes the effects of instructional factors accompanying peer response in 26 studies on…

Hoogeveen, Mariëtte; van Gelderen, Amos

2013-01-01

298

A Review of the Effects of Peer Tutoring on Students with Mild Disabilities in Secondary Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers reviewed 20 articles on peer tutoring research in secondary settings and addressed demographics of tutors and tutees, content areas in which peer tutors were employed, tutor training required for implementing effective tutoring programs, and the effects of peer tutoring on tutee performance. Generally, peer tutoring in secondary…

Stenhoff, Donald M.; Lignugaris/Kraft, Benjamin

2007-01-01

299

Designing Peer Review for Pedagogical Success: What Can We Learn From Professional Science?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article compares peer review in professional versus education settings, summarizing key aspects of scientific peer review and reflecting on how these relate to the process as experienced by students. Consideration of professional peer review benefits educators in two ways. First, systems used for student peer review can employ some of the same tactics employed in professional science to minimize bias, optimize the impact of reviews, and maximize the quality of final manuscripts. In addition, explicit discussion of relevant aspects of professional peer review introduces students to important aspects of the nature of science.

Nancy M. Trautmann

2009-03-01

300

Using Web-Based Discussion Forums as a Model of the Peer-Review Process and a Tool for Assessment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Teaching Resource describes how to use an online asynchronous discussion as a mechanism to introduce students to the peer-review process, as well as to assess student performance and understanding. This method was applied to a graduate course on signal transduction and the Teaching Resource includes a syllabus, detailed plan for incorporating the online discussion, sample journal club questions, and sample student responses to the discussion forum, faculty responses, and student revisions.

Sherry L. Jenkins (Mount Sinai School of Medicine;Department of Pharmacology and Systems Therapeutics REV); Ravi Iyengar (Mount Sinai School of Medicine;Department of Pharmacology and Systems Therapeutics REV); Maria A. Diverse-Pierluissi (Mount Sinai School of Medicine;Department of Pharmacology and Systems Therapeutics REV); Andrew M. Chan (Mount Sinai School of Medicine;Department of Oncological Sciences REV); Lakshmi A. Devi (Mount Sinai School of Medicine;Department of Pharmacology and Systems Therapeutics REV); Eric A. Sobie (Mount Sinai School of Medicine;Department of Pharmacology and Systems Therapeutics REV)

2008-03-04

301

Peer review of medical practices: missed opportunities to learn.  

PubMed

Appropriately conducted peer review of medical practices provides the greatest opportunity for health care professionals to learn from their mistakes and improve the quality and safety of health care. But in practice, peer review has not been an effective learning tool because it is subjective and irreproducible. Physicians reviewing the same cases disagree over the cause(s) of adverse outcomes and the quality and appropriateness of care, and agreement is not improved by training, use of objective review criteria, or having the reviewers discuss the cases. The underlying reason is a general lack of understanding and an oversimplified view of the causes of medical errors in complex, high-risk organization and a preoccupation with attributing medical errors to particular individuals. This approach leads to judgments, not understanding, and creates a culture of blame that stops learning and undermines the potential for improvement. For peer review to have an impact on the quality of care and patient safety, it must be standardized to remove cognitive biases and subjectivity from the process. PMID:25151185

Kadar, Nicholas

2014-12-01

302

Reviewer acknowledgement 2013  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers A peer-reviewed journal would not survive without the generous time and insightful comments of the reviewers, whose efforts often go unrecognized. Journal of Medical Case Reports has been blessed by the support of highly-qualified peer reviewers, and the Editor-in-Chief, Michael Kidd, and staff of the journal would like to show their appreciation by thanking the following for their invaluable assistance with review of manuscripts for the journal in Volume 8 (2013). PMID:24447881

2014-01-01

303

Clinical peer review in the United States: History, legal development and subsequent abuse  

PubMed Central

The Joint Commission on Accreditation requires hospitals to conduct peer review to retain accreditation. Despite the intended purpose of improving quality medical care, the peer review process has suffered several setbacks throughout its tenure. In the 1980s, abuse of peer review for personal economic interest led to a highly publicized multimillion-dollar verdict by the United States Supreme Court against the perpetrating physicians and hospital. The verdict led to decreased physician participation for fear of possible litigation. Believing that peer review was critical to quality medical care, Congress subsequently enacted the Health Care Quality Improvement Act (HCQIA) granting comprehensive legal immunity for peer reviewers to increase participation. While serving its intended goal, HCQIA has also granted peer reviewers significant immunity likely emboldening abuses resulting in Sham Peer Reviews. While legal reform of HCQIA is necessary to reduce sham peer reviews, further measures including the need for standardization of the peer review process alongside external organizational monitoring are critical to improving peer review and reducing the prevalence of sham peer reviews. PMID:24914357

Vyas, Dinesh; Hozain, Ahmed E

2014-01-01

304

PUBLICATIONS Journal Articles (peer-reviewed)  

E-print Network

th Annual Meeting of the Texas Academy of Science, Program and Abstracts. (Platform presentation County, Texas. 116th Annual Meeting of the Texas Academy of Science, Program and Abstracts. (Poster ABSTRACTS Stocker, M. R., Brochu, C. A., and E. C. Kirk. 2013. Spatial and temporal temporal shifts

Yang, Zong-Liang

305

Submitting a manuscript for peer review--integrity, integrity, integrity.  

PubMed

Publication of a flawed manuscript has significant consequences for the progress of science. When this proves to be intentional, science is brought into disrepute and this puts even more pressure on the shrinking resources that society is prepared to invest in research. All scientific journals, including the Journal of Neurochemistry, have witnessed a marked increase in the number of corrections and retractions of published articles over the last 10 years, and uncovered a depressingly large number of fabrications among submitted manuscripts. The increase in number of 'spoiled' manuscripts reflects not only the improved methods that journals employ to detect plagiarism in its many forms but also suggests a measurable change in the behavior of authors. The increased policing of submissions by reviewers, editors, and publishers expends time and money. The sanctions imposed by journal editors on authors found guilty of malpractice are transparent and severe. PMID:24410543

Murphy, Sean P; Bulman, Christopher; Shariati, Behnam; Hausmann, Laura

2014-02-01

306

Submitting a manuscript for peer review – integrity, integrity, integrity  

PubMed Central

Publication of a flawed manuscript has significant consequences for the progress of science. When this proves to be intentional, science is brought into disrepute and this puts even more pressure on the shrinking resources that society is prepared to invest in research. All scientific journals, including the Journal of Neurochemistry, have witnessed a marked increase in the number of corrections and retractions of published papers over the last 10 years, and uncovered a depressingly large number of fabrications amongst submitted manuscripts. The increase in number of ‘spoiled’ manuscripts reflects not only the improved methods that journals employ to detect plagiarism in its many forms, but also suggests a measurable change in the behavior of authors. The increased policing of submissions by reviewers, editors and publishers expends time and money. The sanctions imposed by journal editors on authors found guilty of malpractice are transparent and severe. PMID:24410543

Murphy, Sean P.; Bulman, Christopher; Shariati, Behnam; Hausmann, Laura

2014-01-01

307

Commercial Lighting Solutions Webtool Peer Review Report, Office Solutions  

SciTech Connect

The Commercial Lighting Solutions (CLS) project directly supports the U.S. Department of Energy’s Commercial Building Energy Alliance efforts to design high performance buildings. CLS creates energy efficient best practice lighting designs for widespread use, and they are made available to users via an interactive webtool that both educates and guides the end user through the application of the Lighting Solutions. This report summarizes the peer review of the CLS webtool for offices. The methodology for the peer review process included data collection (stakeholder input), analysis of the comments, and organization of the input into categories for prioritization of the comments against a set of criteria. Based on this process, recommendations were developed for the release of version 2.0 of the webtool at the Lightfair conference in Las Vegas in May 2010. The report provides a list of the top ten most significant and relevant improvements that will be made within the webtool for version 2.0 as well as appendices containing the comments and short-term priorities in additional detail. Peer review comments that are considered high priority by the reviewers and the CLS team but cannot be completed for Version 2.0 are listed as long-term recommendations.

Beeson, Tracy A.; Jones, Carol C.

2010-02-01

308

Safety Assessment for Explosive Risk (SAFER) peer review report.  

SciTech Connect

At the direction of the Department of Defense Explosives Safety Board (DDESB), a Peer Review Team was established to review the status of development of the risk-based explosives safety siting process and criteria as currently implemented in the software 'Safety Assessment for Explosive Risk (SAFER)' Version 2.1. The objective of the Peer Review Team was to provide an independent evaluation of the components of the SAFER model, the ongoing development of the model and the risk assessment process and criteria. This peer review report addressed procedures; protocols; physical and statistical science algorithms; related documents; and software quality assurance, validation and verification. Overall, the risk-based method in SAFER represents a major improvement in the Department of Defense (DoD) approach to explosives safety management. The DDESB and Risk Based Explosives Safety Criteria Team (RBESCT) have made major strides in developing a methodology, which over time may become a worldwide model. The current status of all key areas of the SAFER code has been logically developed and is defensible. Continued improvement and refinement can be expected as implementation proceeds. A consistent approach to addressing and refining uncertainty in each of the primary areas (probability of event, consequences of event and exposure) will be a very beneficial future activity.

Heimdahl, Olaf E. R. (Naval Air Warfare Center, China Lake, CA); LaHoud, Paul (Athens, AL); Chapman, Leon Darrel

2004-08-01

309

Journal of Information, Law, and Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

JILT, an "electronic law journal covering a range of topics relating to IT law and applications," publishes a combination of peer and non-peer reviewed articles, as well as reviews, commentaries, and related news.

310

42 CFR 52h.3 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS AND RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT PROJECTS § 52h.3 Establishment and operation of peer...

2012-10-01

311

42 CFR 52h.3 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS AND RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT PROJECTS § 52h.3 Establishment and operation of peer...

2013-10-01

312

42 CFR 52h.3 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS AND RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT PROJECTS § 52h.3 Establishment and operation of peer...

2014-10-01

313

Teaching undergraduates the process of peer review: learning by doing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An active approach allowed undergraduates in Health Sciences to learn the dynamics of peer review at first hand. A four-stage process was used. In stage 1, students formed self-selected groups to explore specific issues. In stage 2, each group posted their interim reports online on a specific date. Each student read all the other reports and prepared detailed critiques. In stage 3, each report was discussed at sessions where the lead discussant was selected at random. All students participated in the peer review process. The written critiques were collated and returned to each group, who were asked to resubmit their revised reports within 2 wk. In stage 4, final submissions accompanied by rebuttals were graded. Student responses to a questionnaire were highly positive. They recognized the individual steps in the standard peer review, appreciated the complexities involved, and got a first-hand experience of some of the inherent variabilities involved. The absence of formal presentations and the opportunity to read each other's reports permitted them to study issues in greater depth.

2010-09-01

314

Pulsed power peer review committee report.  

SciTech Connect

As part of meeting the GRPA (Government Performance and Results Act) requirements and to provide input to Sandia's annual Performance Evaluation Assessment Report (PEAR) to the National Nuclear Security Administration in FY2004, a 14-member external review committee chaired by Dr. Alvin Trivelpiece was convened by Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) on May 4-6, 2004 to review Sandia National Laboratories' Pulsed Power Programs. The scope of the review included activities in high energy density physics (HEDP), inertial confinement fusion (ICF), radiation/weapon physics, the petawatt laser initiative (PW) and fast ignition, equation-of state studies, radiation effects science and lethality, x-ray radiography, ZR development, basic research and pulsed power technology research and development, as well as electromagnetics and work for others. In his charge to the Committee, Dr. Jeffrey P. Quintenz, Director of Pulsed Power Sciences (Org. 1600) asked that the evaluation and feedback be based on three criteria: (1) quality of technical activities in science, technology, and engineering, (2) programmatic performance, management, and planning, and (3) relevance to national needs and agency missions. In addition, the director posed specific programmatic questions. The accompanying report, produced as a SAND document, is the report of the Committee's finding.

Not Available

2004-08-01

315

CPTC Experts Author Proteomics Review in the Journal of Proteome Research  

Cancer.gov

CPTC experts authored a review of the current state of clinical proteomics in the peer-reviewed Journal of Proteome Research. The review highlights outcomes from the CPTC program and also provides a thorough overview of the different technologies that have pushed the field forward. Additionally, the review provides a vision for moving the field forward through linking advances in genomic and proteomic analysis to develop new, molecularly targeted interventions.

316

Reviewer Acknowledgement 2013  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers A peer-reviewed journal would not survive without the generous time and insightful comments of the reviewers, whose efforts often go unrecognized. Systematic Reviews has been blessed by the support of highly-qualified peer reviewers, and the Editors-in-Chief, David Moher, Lesley Stewart and Paul Shekelle, and staff of the journal would like to show their appreciation by thanking the following for their invaluable assistance with review of manuscripts for the journal in Volume 2 (2013).

2014-01-01

317

Peer review for advanced practice nurses: what does it really mean?  

PubMed

Peer review has multiple manifestations and purposes. Two stated purposes are the demonstration of professionalism and clinical competency. The American Nurses Association (ANA) defines nursing peer-review as a process for evaluating the care provided by an individual according to accepted standards. Further, the ANA proposes that nurses with similar rank and clinical expertise should conduct these evaluations. Some local jurisdictions may also mandate that advanced practice nurses (APNs) review one another's care. Therefore, APNs should become familiar with sources for evaluation criteria and tool formats for APN peer review. The advantages and limitations of the various formats and processes of peer review should also be considered. PMID:15714013

Briggs, Linda A; Heath, Janie; Kelley, Jean

2005-01-01

318

Peer-Mediated Intervention Studies on Academic Achievement for Students with EBD: A Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has shown that peer-mediated interventions produce positive academic outcomes for a wide range of students. The authors of this review examined the effectiveness of peer-mediated interventions on the academic functioning of students with emotional and behavior disorders (EBD). Fourteen studies using cross-age, same-age, classwide peer…

Ryan, Joseph B.; Reid, Robert; Epstein, Michael H.

2004-01-01

319

To Propose a Reviewer Dispatching Algorithm for Networked Peer Assessment System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite their increasing availability on the Internet, networked peer assessment systems (1-5) lack feasible automatic dispatching algorithm of student's assignments and ultimately inhibit the effectiveness of peer assessment. Therefore, this study presents a reviewer dispatching algorithm capable of supporting networked peer assessment system in…

Liu, Eric Zhi-Feng

2005-01-01

320

Love Canal Emergency Declaration Area habitability study. Volume 5. Peer review summary: TRC (Technical Review Committee) responses. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Environmental studies were conducted to provide data that could be used by the Commissioner of Health for the State of New York in determining whether the Emergency Declaration Area surrounding the Love Canal hazardous-waste site is habitable. These volumes (II through IV) were reviewed by a peer-review panel of expert scientists. The scientists concluded that each of the three environmental studies was well planned and well executed. Volume V summarizes the peer review and gives additional information or clarifications as requested during the peer review. Volume V also provides additional supplemental statistical analyses requested by the peer reviewer panel.

Not Available

1988-07-01

321

Issues of cultural appropriateness and pedagogical efficacy: exploring peer review in a second language writing class  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a study designed to investigate (a) whether peer review is an effective pedagogical activity with adult\\u000a Chinese students in the teaching of second language (L2) academic writing and (b) how factors such as perceptions of the influence\\u000a of peer reviewers’ L2 proficiency, previous experience with peer review, feedback preferences, and culturally-based beliefs\\u000a and practices relate to

Guangwei Hu; Sandra Tsui Eu Lam

2010-01-01

322

DIFFERENCES OF ONLINE AND FACE-TO-FACE PEER REVIEWS REGARDING TYPE AND QUALITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer reviews are used in a wide variety of disciplines. Nevertheless research investigating the impact of technology on peer-reviewing mainly derives from the field of writing classes. This paper presents an experimental study exploring the quality and kind of feedback given in a peer-reviewing task in an IT Project Management course. The study analyzes differences between the face-to-face and the

Christine Bauer; Kathrin Figl

2006-01-01

323

CIE Report Riegl 1 EXTERNAL INDEPENDENT PEER REVIEW OF THE STATUS REVIEW OF 82 CORAL  

E-print Network

on the biology and threats facing coral reefs and corals in general, the way threats were assessed and how of extinction risk for each of the 82 candidate coral species. This document makes no recommendationsCIE Report Riegl 1 EXTERNAL INDEPENDENT PEER REVIEW OF THE STATUS REVIEW OF 82 CORAL SPECIES UNDER

324

Good science, deceptive science, and fraud, plus a brief discussion of peer review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

What makes scientific publication different from other types of publication? Traditionally, it was that scientists published not only their conclusions, but also their data (which enabled others wanting to re-evaluate the data to do so). Publishing their data helped keep scientists honest. In the mid-20^th century the policies of scientific journals changed, partly because very large data sets were being evaluated via computer. Many (but not all) scientific journals paid homage to scientific tradition by establishing archives for data serving as the basis for published scientific papers, while only a description of the study and the conclusions were published in the peer-reviewed scientific journals. This set the stage for scientific deception and scientific fraud, which became widespread in certain fields of study during the latter part of the 20^th century. Indeed, some organizations were established that appeared to be legitimate scientific societies, but in fact existed for the purpose of promoting the incorrect evaluation of scientific data and publishing deceptive studies masquerading as sound scientific studies. The field of medicine has also become more science than art, with its current emphasis on "evidence-based medicine." The different types of scientific deceit/fraud are identified, and a lifetime of experience with the correction of scientific error, plus encounters with scientific deception and scientific fraud, is summarized.

Lundquist, Marjorie

2011-03-01

325

Applying Peer Reviews in Software Engineering Education: An Experiment and Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the demonstrated value of peer reviews in the engineering industry, numerous industry experts have listed it at the top of the list of desirable development practices. Experience has shown that problems (defects) are eliminated earlier if a development process incorporates peer reviews and that these reviews are as effective as or even…

Garousi, V.

2010-01-01

326

Cooperation between referees and authors increases peer review Jeffrey T. Leek1  

E-print Network

of open and closed peer review based on an online game. We show that when reviewer behavior was made both open and closed peer review. We then develop a model system in the form of an online game launched from the Amazon EC2 cloud to collect data to both support our theoretical model and evaluate accuracy

Leek, Jeffrey

327

Peer Review Process for the Sandia ASCI V and V Program: Version 1.0  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the initial definition of the Verification and Validation (V and V) Plan Peer Review Process at Sandia National Laboratories. V and V peer review at Sandia is intended to assess the ASCI code team V and V planning process and execution. Our peer review definition is designed to assess the V and V planning process in terms of the content specified by the Sandia Guidelines for V and V plans. Therefore, the peer review process and process for improving the Guidelines are necessarily synchronized, and form parts of a larger quality improvement process supporting the ASCI V and V program at Sandia.

Pilch, M.; Trucano, T.G.; Peercy, D.E.; Hodges, A.L.; Young, E.R.; Moya, J.L.

2001-01-01

328

Characteristics of potential repository wastes. Peer review report for revision 1 of DOE/RW-0184  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of a fully documented peer review of DOE/RW-0184, Rev. 1, ``Characteristics of Potential Repository Wastes``. The peer review was chaired and administered by oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for the Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) and was conducted in accordance with OCRWM QA procedure QAAP 3.3 ``Peer Review`` for the purpose of quailing the document for use in OCRWM quality-affecting work. The peer reviewers selected represent a wide range of experience and knowledge particularly suitable for evaluating the subject matter. A total of 596 formal comments were documented by the seven peer review panels, and all were successfully resolved. The peers reached the conclusion that DOE/RW-0184, Rev. 1, is quality determined and suitable for use in quality-affecting work.

Cowart, C.G.; Notz, K.J.

1992-10-01

329

Children who are deaf or hard of hearing in inclusive educational settings: a literature review on interactions with peers.  

PubMed

This review is conducted to describe how children who are deaf or hard of hearing (D/HH) interact with hearing peers in inclusive settings, illustrate the difficulties and challenges faced by them in interacting with peers, and identify effective interventions that promote their social interaction in inclusive education. A systematic search of databases and journals identified 21 papers that met the inclusion criteria. Two broad themes emerged from an analysis of the literatures, which included processes and outcomes of interactions with peers and intervention programs. The research indicates that children who are D/HH face great difficulties in communicating, initiating/entering, and maintaining interactions with hearing peers in inclusive settings. The co-enrollment and social skills training programs are considered to be effective interventions for their social interaction. Communication abilities and social skills of children who are D/HH, responses of children with normal hearing, and the effect of environment are highlighted as crucial aspects of social interactions. In addition, future research is needed to study the interaction between children who are D/HH and hearing peers in natural settings, at different stages of school life, as well as improving social interaction and establishing an inclusive classroom climate for children who are D/HH. PMID:25052819

Xie, Yu-Han; Potm?šil, Milo?; Peters, Brenda

2014-10-01

330

Reviewer acknowledgment  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers A peer-reviewed journal would not survive without the generous time and insightful comments of the reviewers whose efforts often go unrecognized. AIDS Research and Therapy has been blessed by the support of highly qualified peer reviewers and would like to show its appreciation by thanking the following for their assistance with review of manuscripts for the journal in 2012. PMID:23406621

2013-01-01

331

Reviewer acknowledgement  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers A peer-reviewed journal would not survive without the generous time and insightful comments of the reviewers whose efforts often go unrecognized. AIDS Research and Therapy is very grateful for the support of highly qualified peer reviewers and would like to show its appreciation by thanking the following for their assistance with review of manuscripts for the journal in 2013. PMID:24495401

2014-01-01

332

References that anyone can edit: review of Wikipedia citations in peer reviewed health science literature  

PubMed Central

Objectives To examine indexed health science journals to evaluate the prevalence of Wikipedia citations, identify the journals that publish articles with Wikipedia citations, and determine how Wikipedia is being cited. Design Bibliometric analysis. Study selection Publications in the English language that included citations to Wikipedia were retrieved using the online databases Scopus and Web of Science. Data sources To identify health science journals, results were refined using Ulrich’s database, selecting for citations from journals indexed in Medline, PubMed, or Embase. Using Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Reports, 2011 impact factors were collected for all journals included in the search. Data extraction Resulting citations were thematically coded, and descriptive statistics were calculated. Results 1433 full text articles from 1008 journals indexed in Medline, PubMed, or Embase with 2049 Wikipedia citations were accessed. The frequency of Wikipedia citations has increased over time; most citations occurred after December 2010. More than half of the citations were coded as definitions (n=648; 31.6%) or descriptions (n=482; 23.5%). Citations were not limited to journals with a low or no impact factor; the search found Wikipedia citations in many journals with high impact factors. Conclusions Many publications are citing information from a tertiary source that can be edited by anyone, although permanent, evidence based sources are available. We encourage journal editors and reviewers to use caution when publishing articles that cite Wikipedia. PMID:24603564

2014-01-01

333

Open Evaluation: A Vision for Entirely Transparent Post-Publication Peer Review and Rating for Science  

PubMed Central

The two major functions of a scientific publishing system are to provide access to and evaluation of scientific papers. While open access (OA) is becoming a reality, open evaluation (OE), the other side of the coin, has received less attention. Evaluation steers the attention of the scientific community and thus the very course of science. It also influences the use of scientific findings in public policy. The current system of scientific publishing provides only journal prestige as an indication of the quality of new papers and relies on a non-transparent and noisy pre-publication peer-review process, which delays publication by many months on average. Here I propose an OE system, in which papers are evaluated post-publication in an ongoing fashion by means of open peer review and rating. Through signed ratings and reviews, scientists steer the attention of their field and build their reputation. Reviewers are motivated to be objective, because low-quality or self-serving signed evaluations will negatively impact their reputation. A core feature of this proposal is a division of powers between the accumulation of evaluative evidence and the analysis of this evidence by paper evaluation functions (PEFs). PEFs can be freely defined by individuals or groups (e.g., scientific societies) and provide a plurality of perspectives on the scientific literature. Simple PEFs will use averages of ratings, weighting reviewers (e.g., by H-index), and rating scales (e.g., by relevance to a decision process) in different ways. Complex PEFs will use advanced statistical techniques to infer the quality of a paper. Papers with initially promising ratings will be more deeply evaluated. The continual refinement of PEFs in response to attempts by individuals to influence evaluations in their own favor will make the system ungameable. OA and OE together have the power to revolutionize scientific publishing and usher in a new culture of transparency, constructive criticism, and collaboration. PMID:23087639

Kriegeskorte, Nikolaus

2012-01-01

334

Adolescent peer group identification and characteristics: A review of the literature  

PubMed Central

This study provides an exhaustive review of 44 peer-reviewed quantitative or qualitative data-based peer-reviewed studies completed on adolescent peer group identification. Adolescent peer group identification is one’s self-perceived or other-perceived membership in discrete teenage peer groups. The studies reviewed suggest that adolescent peer groups consist of five general categories differentiable by lifestyle characteristics: Elites, Athletes, Academics, Deviants, and Others. We found that the Deviant adolescent group category reported relatively greater participation in drug use and other problem behaviors across studies, whereas Academics and Athletes exhibited the least participation in these problem behaviors. Additional research is needed in this arena to better understand the operation of adolescent group labels. PMID:17188815

Sussman, Steve; Pokhrel, Pallav; Ashmore, Richard D.; Brown, B. Bradford

2011-01-01

335

Examining Marketing Journals' Publication Process and Reviewer Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines reviewer practices at 11 marketing journals. The results for the top three journals are compared to eight comparable journals that are typically considered to be non-top-tier journals. The results suggest that the reviewers and the review processes at the top journals differ significantly from those of the non-top-tier…

Seiler, Vicky L.; Reisenwitz, Timothy H.; Schibrowsky, John A.

2011-01-01

336

75 FR 7522 - Peer Review, Conflict of Interest and Disclosure Form; Request for the Office of Management and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Administration [Docket No. OSHA-2009-0042] Peer Review, Conflict of Interest and Disclosure...conflict of interest exists for a potential peer review panel member. [[Page 7523...29 U.S.C. 657). OSHA conducts peer reviews to review a draft product...

2010-02-19

337

Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers A peer-reviewed journal would not survive without the generous time and insightful comments of the reviewers, whose efforts often go unrecognized. Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine has been blessed by the support of highly-qualified peer reviewers, and the Editor-in-Chief, Bjorn Olsen, and staff of the journal would like to show their appreciation by thanking the following for their invaluable assistance with review of manuscripts for the journal in Volume 12 (2013).

2014-01-01

338

ForPeerReview Lattice Kinetic Monte Carlo modeling of germanium solid  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Lattice Kinetic Monte Carlo modeling of germanium solid phase epitaxial growth phase epitaxial growth, Semiconductors, Lattice Kinetic Monte Carlo, Germanium Wiley-VCH physica status solidi #12;ForPeerReview physica status solidi Lattice Kinetic Monte Carlo modeling of germanium solid

Florida, University of

339

ForPeerReview Regional CBF Changes in Parkinsons Disease: A Correlation with Motor  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Regional CBF Changes in Parkinson¡¦s Disease: A Correlation with Motor Dysfunction and Molecular Imaging #12;ForPeerReview Regional CBF Changes in Parkinson's Disease: A Correlation with Motor Dysfunction Running head line: ICA of SPECT data in Parkinson's disease Jung-Lung Hsu1,2,4 , M.D.; Tzyy

Makeig, Scott

340

Face-to-Face and Computer-Mediated Peer Review in EFL Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the use of face-to-face peer review (FFPR) and computer-mediated peer review (CMPR) in an Asian English-as-a-foreign-language (EFL) academic writing context. The participants were 33 English majors from a university of science and technology in Taiwan, a new type of school offering 2-year associate degree programs in foreign…

Ho, Mei-ching; Savignon, Sandra J.

2007-01-01

341

Academic Excellence: A Commentary and Reflections on the Inherent Value of Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic peer review is widely viewed as fair, equitable, and essential to academic quality. Successfully completing the process through publication or award is widely deemed as one of the most rigorous and prestigious forms of scholarly accomplishment. Despite this sentiment the academic peer review process is not without fault. It is criticized…

Roberts, Thomas J.; Shambrook, Jennifer

2012-01-01

342

Original Research and Peer Review Using Web-Based Collaborative Tools by College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Environmental Inquiry program supports inquiry based, student-centered science teaching on selected topics in the environmental sciences. Many teachers are unfamiliar with both the underlying science of toxicology, and the process and importance of peer review in scientific method. The protocol and peer review process was tested with college…

Cakir, Mustafa; Carlsen, William S.

2007-01-01

343

Final Independent External Peer Review Report for the Mississippi River Gulf Outlet Ecosystem  

E-print Network

Final Independent External Peer Review Report for the Mississippi River ­ Gulf Outlet Ecosystem Prepared for Department of the Army U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Ecosystem Restoration Planning Center Independent External Peer Review Report for the Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet Ecosystem Restoration Plan

US Army Corps of Engineers

344

Final Independent External Peer Review Report for the Navigation and Ecosystem  

E-print Network

Final Independent External Peer Review Report for the Navigation and Ecosystem Sustainability by Battelle Memorial Institute Prepared for Department of the Army U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Ecosystem Independent External Peer Review Report Navigation and Ecosystem Sustainability Program, Project P2, Lock

US Army Corps of Engineers

345

ForPeerReview Layers of insect echoes near a thunderstorm and  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Layers of insect echoes near a thunderstorm and implications for the interpretation Norton, Emily; University of Manchester Keywords: Doppler radar, clear-air echoes, thunderstorm inflow Meteorological Society #12;ForPeerReview 1 Layers of insect echoes near a thunderstorm and implications

Reading, University of

346

Clinical Peer Review: Description of a Comprehensive Model in Behavioral Healthcare  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a comprehensive model of clinical peer review that was established at a large behavioral healthcare organization serving children, adolescents, and adults with developmental disabilities. The purpose of peer review is to provide routine evaluation of practice standards that will produce the highest quality of habilitative…

Luiselli, James K.; Russo, Dennis C.

2005-01-01

347

Independent External Peer Review Rio Grande Floodway, San Acacia to Bosque Del Apache,  

E-print Network

Independent External Peer Review Rio Grande Floodway, San Acacia to Bosque Del Apache, New Mexico and maintenance Office of Management and Budget Probability of Unsatisfactory Performance SADD San Acacia performed an Independent External Peer Review (IEPR) of the Rio Grande Floodway, San Acacia to Bosque Del

US Army Corps of Engineers

348

Nurse practitioner/physician collaborative practice: an integrative model for professional peer review.  

PubMed

As chief nursing officers partner with physician colleagues to create collaborative models of practice across the care continuum, the role of peer review in achieving quality outcomes cannot be overlooked. This article describes how an integrated healthcare system approached the creation of a unique integrative model for physician/nurse practitioner peer review. PMID:23708497

Clavelle, Joanne T; Bramwell, Kenneth

2013-06-01

349

ForPeerReview Interpretation of hydraulic rock types with resistivity logs in  

E-print Network

hydraulic rock types. Core data and well logs acquired from a deep-drilling exploration well penetratingForPeerReview Interpretation of hydraulic rock types with resistivity logs in Tertiary deepwater://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/interpretation Interpretation #12;ForPeerReview Interpretation of hydraulic rock types with resistivity logs in Tertiary

Torres-Verdín, Carlos

350

Lessons from Graduate Student Instructors on the Peer Review of Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this qualitative study, we examined a pilot program for graduate student instructors (GSIs) in a peer review of teaching program at Duke University, a medium-sized research university. We noted key elements that participants identified from their experience that may be distinct from models of peer teaching review developed for faculty. These…

Crumley, Hugh; James, Douglas

2009-01-01

351

Independent External Peer Review Report Rough River Dam 18 August 2011 ii  

E-print Network

#12;Independent External Peer Review Report ­ Rough River Dam 18 August 2011 ii This page intentionally blank. #12;Independent External Peer Review Report ­ Rough River Dam 18 August 2011 iii Table Panel Members B-1 Appendix C ­ Charge for IEPR Panel C-1 List of Figures Figure 1. Rough River Dam 4

US Army Corps of Engineers

352

ForPeerReview High Kallikrein-Related Peptidase 6 in Non-Small Cell Lung  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview High Kallikrein-Related Peptidase 6 in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Cells: an indicator-4934.2009.00763.x #12;ForPeerReview 1 Research Paper High Kallikrein-Related Peptidase 6 in Non-Small Cell Lung in the development and dissemination of lung cancer, the leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide. We have

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

353

Social Workers' Attitudes toward Peer-Reviewed Literature: The Evidence Base  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social workers from one state chapter of the National Association of Social Workers were surveyed to assess their use of and attitudes toward the peer-reviewed literature and their engagement in evidence-based practice. Results reveal that, in general, the practitioners in this study did not read the peer-reviewed literature, particularly articles…

Knight, Carolyn

2013-01-01

354

ForPeerReview The Neural Bases of Grapheme-Color Synesthesia Are not  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview The Neural Bases of Grapheme-Color Synesthesia Are not Localized in Real Color/bhr236 #12;ForPeerReview The Neural Bases of Grapheme-Color Synesthesia Are not Localized in Real Color. These various experiences are referred to as « synesthesia », or union of the senses, since the end of the XIXth

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

355

Peer Review of Teaching: Lessons Learned from the University of Kentucky  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Kentucky Department of Agronomy instituted a system of peer review of teaching in 1996. Professors observe the teaching of their peers with the intent of helping one another improve. Reviews usually include a preliminary meeting between the instructor and two reviewers, several in-class visits, some analysis of classroom materials, and a wrap-up meeting. The peer review program now has met with cautious but general approval from participating faculty. By spring 1999, reviews were completed for 20 classes, 15 of which are considered in this analysis.

Bhavsar, Victoria; Grabau, Larry

356

IRIS TOXICOLOGICAL REVIEW AND SUMMARY DOCUMENTS FOR POLYBROMINATED DIPHENYL ETHERS (EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW)  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. EPA conducted a peer review of the scientific basis supporting the human health hazard and dose-response assessments of four congeners of polybrominated diphenyl ethers: tetraBDE (BDE-47), pentaBDE (BDE-99), hexaBDE (BDE-153), and decaBDE (BDE-209), that will appear on ...

357

Final Independent External Peer Review Report Engineering, Economic, and Environmental Review of  

E-print Network

Corrections, East St. Louis, Illinois Flood Protection Project by Battelle 505 King Avenue Columbus, OH 43201, Illinois Flood Protection Project Prepared by Battelle Memorial Institute Prepared for Department St. Louis LRR IEPR i Battelle Final IEPR Report August 3, 2010 FINAL INDEPENDENT EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW

US Army Corps of Engineers

358

Teleconference versus Face-to-Face Scientific Peer Review of Grant Application: Effects on Review Outcomes  

PubMed Central

Teleconferencing as a setting for scientific peer review is an attractive option for funding agencies, given the substantial environmental and cost savings. Despite this, there is a paucity of published data validating teleconference-based peer review compared to the face-to-face process. Our aim was to conduct a retrospective analysis of scientific peer review data to investigate whether review setting has an effect on review process and outcome measures. We analyzed reviewer scoring data from a research program that had recently modified the review setting from face-to-face to a teleconference format with minimal changes to the overall review procedures. This analysis included approximately 1600 applications over a 4-year period: two years of face-to-face panel meetings compared to two years of teleconference meetings. The average overall scientific merit scores, score distribution, standard deviations and reviewer inter-rater reliability statistics were measured, as well as reviewer demographics and length of time discussing applications. The data indicate that few differences are evident between face-to-face and teleconference settings with regard to average overall scientific merit score, scoring distribution, standard deviation, reviewer demographics or inter-rater reliability. However, some difference was found in the discussion time. These findings suggest that most review outcome measures are unaffected by review setting, which would support the trend of using teleconference reviews rather than face-to-face meetings. However, further studies are needed to assess any correlations among discussion time, application funding and the productivity of funded research projects. PMID:23951223

Gallo, Stephen A.; Carpenter, Afton S.; Glisson, Scott R.

2013-01-01

359

Teleconference versus face-to-face scientific peer review of grant application: effects on review outcomes.  

PubMed

Teleconferencing as a setting for scientific peer review is an attractive option for funding agencies, given the substantial environmental and cost savings. Despite this, there is a paucity of published data validating teleconference-based peer review compared to the face-to-face process. Our aim was to conduct a retrospective analysis of scientific peer review data to investigate whether review setting has an effect on review process and outcome measures. We analyzed reviewer scoring data from a research program that had recently modified the review setting from face-to-face to a teleconference format with minimal changes to the overall review procedures. This analysis included approximately 1600 applications over a 4-year period: two years of face-to-face panel meetings compared to two years of teleconference meetings. The average overall scientific merit scores, score distribution, standard deviations and reviewer inter-rater reliability statistics were measured, as well as reviewer demographics and length of time discussing applications. The data indicate that few differences are evident between face-to-face and teleconference settings with regard to average overall scientific merit score, scoring distribution, standard deviation, reviewer demographics or inter-rater reliability. However, some difference was found in the discussion time. These findings suggest that most review outcome measures are unaffected by review setting, which would support the trend of using teleconference reviews rather than face-to-face meetings. However, further studies are needed to assess any correlations among discussion time, application funding and the productivity of funded research projects. PMID:23951223

Gallo, Stephen A; Carpenter, Afton S; Glisson, Scott R

2013-01-01

360

Portable Common Execution Environment (PCEE) project review: Peer review  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of the review was to conduct an independent, in-depth analysis of the PCEE project and to provide the results of said review. The review team was tasked with evaluating the potential contribution of the PCEE project to the improvement of the life cycle support of mission and safety critical (MASC) computing components for large, complex, non-stop, distributed systems similar to those planned for such NASA programs as the space station, lunar outpost, and manned missions to Mars. Some conclusions of the review team are as follow: The PCEE project was given high marks for its breath of vision on the overall problem with MASC software; Correlated with the sweeping vision, the Review Team is very skeptical that any research project can successfully attack such a broad range of problems; and several recommendations are made such as to identify the components of the broad solution envisioned, prioritizing them with respect to their impact and the likely ability of the PCEE or others to attack them successfully, and to rewrite its Concept Document differentiating the problem description, objectives, approach, and results so that the project vision becomes assessible to others.

Locke, C. Douglass

1991-01-01

361

Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders reviewer acknowledgement 2013  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers We thank all of our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in volume 5 (2013). High quality and timely reviews are critical to the overall quality of the journal. We are committed to providing a unique and important outlet for scholarship regarding neurodevelopmental disorders and are indebted to the outstanding reviewers who have contributed their time over the last year in helping us to reach this goal. PMID:24472142

2014-01-01

362

2000 TAPPI JOURNAL PEER REVIEWED PAPER DECEMBER 20001 2000 TAPPI JOURNAL PEER REVIEWED PAPER  

E-print Network

of Toronto C/o Pulp and Paper Centre University of British Columbia 2385 East Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4 THE INFLUENCE OF FORMATION ON TENSILE STRENGTH OF PAPER MADE FROM MECHANICAL PULPS Mousa M. Nazhad1 , Emma J. Harris2 , Christopher T. J. Dodson3 , Richard J. Kerekes University of British Columbia and University

Dodson, C.T.J.

363

Relating patenting and peer-review publications: an extended perspective on the vascular health and risk management literature  

PubMed Central

Purpose: This investigation identifies patent applications published under the international Patent Convention Treaty between July 2010 and January 2011 in three significant fields of vascular risk management (arterial hypertension, atherosclerosis, and aneurysms) and investigates whether the inventors have also published peer reviewed papers directly describing their claimed invention. Results: Out of only 48 patent documents that specifically addressed at least one of the above-mentioned fields, 15 had immediate companion papers of which 13 were published earlier than the corresponding patent applications; the majority of these papers were published by noncorporate patentees. Although the majority of patent applications (30 documents) had at least one corporate assignee, 18 came from academic environments. As expected, medical devices dominated in the aneurysm segment while pharmacology dominated hypertension and atherosclerosis. Conclusion: Although information related to hypertension, atherosclerosis, or aneurysms that was claimed in international patent applications reached the public quicker through the corresponding peer review document if one was published, more than two-thirds of the patent applications had no such companion paper in a scientific journal. The patent literature, which is freely available online as full text, offers information to scientists and developers in the fields of vascular risk management that is not available from the peer reviewed literature. PMID:21603595

Mucke, Hermann AM

2011-01-01

364

Teachers Evaluating Teachers. Peer Review and the New Unionism. Studies in Social Philosophy and Policy, No. 20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines peer review, a prominent feature of the new unionism, relying heavily on peer review programs in Columbus and Toledo, Ohio. Peer review encompasses various procedures by which teachers and their unions can exercise more responsibility for improving teacher performance and terminating the services of teachers who do not perform…

Lieberman, Myron

365

76 FR 55384 - External Peer Review Meeting for the Draft Guidance of Applying Quantitative Data To Develop Data...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...J-11/001; FRL-9460-1] External Peer Review Meeting for the Draft Guidance...The public may register to attend this peer review meeting as observers. Time will...consider the comments from the external peer review meeting along with public...

2011-09-07

366

Don't Tell It Like It Is: Preserving Collegiality in the Summative Peer Review of Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While much literature has considered feedback and professional growth in formative peer reviews of teaching, there has been little empirical research conducted on these issues in the context of summative peer reviews. This article explores faculty members' perceptions of feedback practices in the summative peer review of teaching and reports…

Iqbal, Isabeau A.

2014-01-01

367

Do Peers Matter? A Review of Peer and/or Friends' Influence on Physical Activity among American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This systematic review investigated the relationship between peer and/or friend variables and physical activity among adolescents by synthesising cross-sectional, longitudinal, and experimental research conducted in the US. Seven electronic databases were searched to identify related articles published within the last 10 years and the articles…

Fitzgerald, Amanda; Fitzgerald, Noelle; Aherne, Cian

2012-01-01

368

Thermophysical properties of uranium dioxide - Version 0 for peer review  

SciTech Connect

Data on thermophysical properties of solid and liquid UO{sub 2} have been reviewed and critically assessed to obtain consistent thermophysical property recommendations for inclusion in the International Nuclear Safety Center Database on the World Wide Web (http://www.insc.anl.gov.). Thermodynamic properties that have been assessed are enthalpy, heat capacity, melting point, enthalpy of fusion, thermal expansion, density, surface tension, and vapor pressure. Transport properties that have been assessed are thermal conductivity, thermal diffusivity, viscosity, and emissivity. Summaries of the recommendations with uncertainties and detailed assessments for each property are included in this report and in the International Nuclear Safety Center Database for peer review. The assessments includes a review of the experiments and data, an examination of previous recommendations, the basis for selecting recommendations, a determination of uncertainties, and a comparison of recommendations with data and with previous recommendations. New data and research that have led to new recommendations include thermal expansion and density measurements of solid and liquid UO{sub 2}, derivation of physically-based equations for the thermal conductivity of solid UO{sub 2}, measurements of the heat capacity of liquid UO{sub 2}, and measurements and analysis of the thermal conductivity of liquid UO{sub 2}.

Fink, J.K.; Petri, M.C.

1997-02-01

369

Characterization of the Peer Review Network at the Center for Scientific Review, National Institutes of Health  

PubMed Central

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the largest source of funding for biomedical research in the world. This funding is largely effected through a competitive grants process. Each year the Center for Scientific Review (CSR) at NIH manages the evaluation, by peer review, of more than 55,000 grant applications. A relevant management question is how this scientific evaluation system, supported by finite resources, could be continuously evaluated and improved for maximal benefit to the scientific community and the taxpaying public. Towards this purpose, we have created the first system-level description of peer review at CSR by applying text analysis, bibliometric, and graph visualization techniques to administrative records. We identify otherwise latent relationships across scientific clusters, which in turn suggest opportunities for structural reorganization of the system based on expert evaluation. Such studies support the creation of monitoring tools and provide transparency and knowledge to stakeholders. PMID:25119140

Boyack, Kevin W.; Chen, Mei-Ching; Chacko, George

2014-01-01

370

The Law Review Approach: What the Humanities Can Learn  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Readers of this journal probably know how the peer review process works in the humanities disciplines and at various journals. Therefore the author explains how the law review process generally works and then what the humanities can learn and borrow from the law review process. He ends by advocating for a hybrid law review/peer review approach to…

Mendenhall, Allen

2013-01-01

371

DOE Hydrogen Program: 2005 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes comments from the Peer Review Panel at the FY 2005 DOE Hydrogen Program Annual Merit Review, held on May 23-26, 2005, in Arlington, Virginia. The projects evaluated support the Department of Energy and President Bush's Hydrogen Initiative. The results of this merit review and peer evaluation are major inputs used by DOE to make funding decisions. Project areas include hydrogen production and delivery; hydrogen storage; fuel cells; technology validation; safety, codes and standards; education; and systems analysis.

Chalk, S. G.

2005-09-01

372

DOE Hydrogen Program: 2006 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes comments from the Peer Review Panel at the FY 2006 DOE Hydrogen Program Annual Merit Review, held on May 16-19, 2006, in Arlington, Virginia. The projects evaluated support the Department of Energy and President Bush's Hydrogen Initiative. The results of this merit review and peer evaluation are major inputs used by DOE to make funding decisions. Project areas include hydrogen production and delivery; hydrogen storage; fuel cells; technology validation; safety, codes and standards; education; and systems analysis.

Milliken, J.

2006-09-01

373

Peer Review Process in Medical Research Publications: Language and Content Comments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every article sent by an author to a reputed scientific journal undergoes a rigorous editorial evaluation. The editor has the final responsibility of accepting or rejecting manuscripts and thus can confer authority and validity on the author's research and help to disseminate new knowledge. In this task, editors make use of a panel of expert peer…

Mungra, Philippa; Webber, Pauline

2010-01-01

374

Review and Reward within the Computerised Peer-Assessment of Essays  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article details the implementation and use of a "Review Stage" within the CAP (computerised assessment by peers) tool as part of the assessment process for a post-graduate module in e-learning. It reports upon the effect of providing the students with a "second chance" in marking and commenting their peers' essays having been able to view the…

Davies, Phil

2009-01-01

375

Students' Attitudes towards Peers with Disabilities: A Review of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The trend towards inclusive education has led to an increase of studies focusing on peer attitudes. This review study presents an overview of studies describing attitudes of students, variables relating to students' attitudes, and the relationship between students' attitudes and the social participation of peers with disabilities. Based on a…

de Boer, Anke; Pijl, Sip Jan; Minnaert, Alexander

2012-01-01

376

Peer-Assisted Learning in School Physical Education, Sport and Physical Activity Programmes: A Systematic Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Peer-assisted learning (PAL) is a teaching strategy utilised in both the general classroom and physical education. Through the interaction with same-age or cross-age peers, learning can occur across various domains. Purpose: This review aimed to identify school-based PAL interventions and assess the tutor training provided, as well as…

Jenkinson, Kate. A.; Naughton, Geraldine; Benson, Amanda C.

2014-01-01

377

A Systematic Review of Interventions to Increase Peer Interactions for Students with Complex Communication Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although positive peer relationships can facilitate the academic learning, skill development, and emotional well-being of students with complex communication challenges, few peer interactions are likely to take place in school settings apart from intentional intervention and support efforts. We conducted a systematic review to identify and examine…

Chung, Yun-Ching; Carter, Erik W.; Sisco, Lynn G.

2012-01-01

378

Conclave in the Tower of Babel: How Peers Review Interdisciplinary Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer Review is a practice of research assessment where a researcher's work is evaluated by colleagues working in the same field on similar topics. Since interdisciplinary research is always a new synthesis of expertise, the problem arises that peers in that sense don't exist. The aim of the paper is to show how under these conditions a specific institutional form

Grit Laudel

379

A Historical Review of the AORN Journal  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this project was to critically review 35 years of AORN Journal content from 1963 to 1998 to determine if the original mission and goal of the Journal were being met. Content analysis revealed a diverse mixture of feature articles and regular columns that typically targeted perioperative nurses. Feature articles addressed multiple perioperative specialty areas, along with other

Sharon Riese

2000-01-01

380

Creating a Mini Book Review Journal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The production of a book review journal by students is suggested as a way of encouraging reading and of developing clear, expository writing. Guidelines are provided for the sequential development of such a journal. Criteria are offered for evaluating fiction and nonfiction books, with examples of annotations featuring style, period or setting of…

Hitt, Valeria

381

open access journal Public Health  

E-print Network

open access journal Journal of Public Health in AfricaeISSN 2038-9930 i www the Journal of Public Health in Africa is a peer-reviewed, electronic quarterly, that focuses on health issues in the African continent. The journal editors seek high quality original articles on public health related issues

Oakley, Jeremy

382

2008 Peer Reviewed Archival Publications Adjeroh, D., T. Bell+  

E-print Network

scheme for heavy-duty diesel engines. ASME Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement and Control. 130(2): 1-10* . 2008. Proteomic pattern analysis using neural networks. International Journal of Industrial Engineering. Feliachi. 2008. Immune based design of a load frequency controller in power systems. Journal of Electrical

Mohaghegh, Shahab

383

7 CFR 3415.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.10...

2011-01-01

384

ForPeerReview Dark-dark and dark-bright soliton interactions in the two-  

E-print Network

for peer review, but cannot be converted to PDF. You must view these files (e.g. movies) online. submitted online c 2011 Taylor & Francis DOI: 10.1080/0003681YYxxxxxxxx http://www.informaworld.com Page 1 of 18

Prinari, Barbara

385

ForPeerReview From vegetable oils to polyurethanes: synthetic routes to  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Only From vegetable oils to polyurethanes: synthetic routes to polyols and main Auvergne, Remi; ICGM CAILLOL, Sylvain; ICGM, IAM Boutevin, Bernard; ICGM Keywords: vegetable oils, biobased polyols, polyurethanes, epoxidized vegetable oils, commercial polyols URL: http

Boyer, Edmond

386

7 CFR 3415.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.10...

2014-01-01

387

7 CFR 3415.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.10...

2013-01-01

388

7 CFR 3415.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.10...

2012-01-01

389

Federal antitrust jurisdiction in peer review cases: the Pinhas decision.  

PubMed

In Summit Health Ltd. v. Pinhas, the United States Supreme Court by a narrow majority found that the exclusion of an ophthalmologist from a hospital in Los Angeles had a sufficient effect on interstate commerce to establish federal jurisdiction under the Sherman Act. In resolving a split among the federal circuit courts of appeal, the Court applied the broad jurisdictional test from McLain v. Real Estate Board of New Orleans, Inc. to peer review proceedings. Despite many ambiguities in the majority opinion by Justice Stevens and a scathing dissent by Justice Scalia, the effect of Pinhas will be to increase the suits in federal court on antitrust grounds brought by aggrieved medical staff members and applicants denied appointments or privileges, and to decrease, if not eliminate, the likelihood of preliminary dismissal on jurisdictional grounds. This, in turn, should serve to emphasize the importance of complying with the Health Care Quality Improvement Act in order to obtain immunity from damages under federal antitrust and state laws. PMID:10183560

Busey, R C

1991-11-01

390

CES4Health.info: an online tool for peer reviewed publication and dissemination of diverse products of community-engaged scholarship.  

PubMed

Community-engaged scholarship (CES)-research, teaching, programmatic and other scholarly activities conducted through partnerships between academic and community partners-may result in innovative applied products such as manuals, policy briefs, curricula, videos, toolkits, and websites. Without accepted mechanisms for peer-reviewed publication and dissemination, these products often do not "count" toward faculty promotion and tenure (P&T) and have limited opportunities for broad impact. This paper reports on CES4Health.info, a unique online tool for peer-reviewed publication and dissemination of products of CES in forms other than journal articles. In its first year, CES4Health.info has published 24 products and documented the satisfaction of users, authors, and reviewers. PMID:21623022

Jordan, Catherine; Seifer, Sarena D; Gelmon, Sherril B; Ryan, Katharine; McGinley, Piper

2011-01-01

391

Discussion of Comments from a Peer Review of A Technique for Human Event Anlysis (ATHEANA)  

SciTech Connect

In May of 1998, a technical basis and implementation guidelines document for A Technique for Human Event Analysis (ATHEANA) was issued as a draft report for public comment (NUREG-1624). In conjunction with the release of draft NUREG- 1624, a peer review of the new human reliability analysis method its documentation and the results of an initial test of the method was held over a two-day period in June 1998 in Seattle, Washington. Four internationally known and respected experts in HK4 or probabilistic risk assessment were selected to serve as the peer reviewers. In addition, approximately 20 other individuals with an interest in HRA and ATHEANA also attended the peer and were invited to provide comments. The peer review team was asked to comment on any aspect of the method or the report in which improvements could be made and to discuss its strengths and weaknesses. They were asked to focus on two major aspects: Are the basic premises of ATHEANA on solid ground and is the conceptual basis adequate? Is the ATHEANA implementation process adequate given the description of the intended users in the documentation? The four peer reviewers asked questions and provided oral comments during the peer review meeting and provided written comments approximately two weeks after the completion of the meeting. This paper discusses their major comments.

Bley, D.C.; Cooper, S.E.; Forester, J.A.; Kolaczkowski, A.M.; Ramey-Smith, A,; Wreathall J.

1999-01-28

392

Journal of Digital Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Journal of Digital Information is an electronic-only, peer-reviewed journal covering topics related to digital libraries, hypertext and hypermedia systems, and the issues of digital information. The journal's main page features links to articles in the current issue; previous issues are browseable by issue number, author, title, or theme. They may also be searched by keywords in title or text.

393

Peer Review of Grant Applications: Criteria Used and Qualitative Study of Reviewer Practices  

PubMed Central

Background Peer review of grant applications has been criticized as lacking reliability. Studies showing poor agreement among reviewers supported this possibility but usually focused on reviewers’ scores and failed to investigate reasons for disagreement. Here, our goal was to determine how reviewers rate applications, by investigating reviewer practices and grant assessment criteria. Methods and Findings We first collected and analyzed a convenience sample of French and international calls for proposals and assessment guidelines, from which we created an overall typology of assessment criteria comprising nine domains relevance to the call for proposals, usefulness, originality, innovativeness, methodology, feasibility, funding, ethical aspects, and writing of the grant application. We then performed a qualitative study of reviewer practices, particularly regarding the use of assessment criteria, among reviewers of the French Academic Hospital Research Grant Agencies (Programmes Hospitaliers de Recherche Clinique, PHRCs). Semi-structured interviews and observation sessions were conducted. Both the time spent assessing each grant application and the assessment methods varied across reviewers. The assessment criteria recommended by the PHRCs were listed by all reviewers as frequently evaluated and useful. However, use of the PHRC criteria was subjective and varied across reviewers. Some reviewers gave the same weight to each assessment criterion, whereas others considered originality to be the most important criterion (12/34), followed by methodology (10/34) and feasibility (4/34). Conceivably, this variability might adversely affect the reliability of the review process, and studies evaluating this hypothesis would be of interest. Conclusions Variability across reviewers may result in mistrust among grant applicants about the review process. Consequently, ensuring transparency is of the utmost importance. Consistency in the review process could also be improved by providing common definitions for each assessment criterion and uniform requirements for grant application submissions. Further research is needed to assess the feasibility and acceptability of these measures. PMID:23029386

Abdoul, Hendy; Perrey, Christophe; Amiel, Philippe; Tubach, Florence; Gottot, Serge; Durand-Zaleski, Isabelle; Alberti, Corinne

2012-01-01

394

Living Reviews in Relativity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A peer-refereed, solely online physics journal publishing invited reviews covering all areas of relativity research. Reviews are kept up to date by their authors. All reference information is collected into a searchable database, and updated by their authors.

2003-10-10

395

WELDING RESEARCH ~----------------------~--~ SUPPLEMENT TO THE WELDING JOURNAL. FEBRUARY 1990  

E-print Network

J ) WELDING RESEARCH ~----------------------~--~ SUPPLEMENT TO THE WELDING JOURNAL. FEBRUARY 1990 Sponsored by the American Welding Society and the Welding Research Council All papers published in the Welding Journal's Welding Research Supplement undergo Peer Review before publication for: I) originality

Eagar, Thomas W.

396

Reviewer acknowledgement 2012  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers The editor of Reproductive Health would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 9 (2012). Peer review is essential to the reliable communication of science and we appreciate the effort and generosity of our reviewers who give their time to furthering the excellence and integrity of the journal.

2013-01-01

397

An Overview and Analysis of Journal Operations, Journal Publication Patterns, and Journal Impact in School Psychology and Related Fields  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the results of three studies designed to understand better the journal operations, publishing practices, and impact of school psychology journals in recent years. The first study presents the results of a survey focusing on journal operations and peer-review practices that was completed by 61 journal editors of school…

Floyd, Randy G.; Cooley, Kathryn M.; Arnett, James E.; Fagan, Thomas K.; Mercer, Sterett H.; Hingle, Christine

2011-01-01

398

Calibrated Peer Review&trade: A Writing and Critical Thinking Instructional Tool  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CPR was developed on a research-based model. What do scientists and engineers do? Research begins with proposals.Scientists and engineers write research proposals and review peer proposals. Scientists and engineers do research andwrite and peer-review research manuscripts. Peer review plays a prominent role in the progress of science. Writing with anonymous peer review is thus the model for CPR. CPRis a comprehensive, web-delivered instructional tool, which not only promotes student understanding through writing but also develops student critical-thinking skills through theprocess of evaluation and reviewing. Because the program is web-delivered, computer-managed, and uses peer review,instructors can use the CPR program with any class size; students can do their assignments whereever they have webaccess; and administrators do not need to provide additional teaching resources for grading. This is a chapter in the section on Successful Pedagogies in the Course, Curriculum and Laboratory Improvement (CCLI) April 2004 conference proceedings published under the title Invention and Impact: Building Excellence in Undergraduate Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Education.

Arlene A. Russell (UCLA; )

2004-12-01

399

Reviewer acknowledgement  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers The Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine—which received its first Impact Factor in 2013—is extremely grateful for the time, hard work and support of its highly-qualified peer reviewers. The editors of the Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, the Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation and BioMed Central would like to show our appreciation by thanking the following people for their assistance reviewing manuscripts for the journal in 2013.

2014-01-01

400

Reviewer acknowledgement  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers The World Journal of Emergency Surgery—which received its first Impact Factor in 2013—is extremely grateful for the time, hard work and support of its highly-qualified peer reviewers. The editors of World Journal of Emergency Surgery and BioMed Central would like to show our appreciation by thanking the following people for their assistance reviewing manuscripts for the journal in 2013. PMID:25143782

2014-01-01

401

Does Gender Matter in Grant Peer Review?: An Empirical Investigation Using the Example of the Austrian Science Fund  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most frequently voiced criticisms of the peer review process is gender bias. In this study we evaluated the grant peer review process (external reviewers’ ratings, and board of trustees’ final decision: approval or no approval for funding) at the Austrian Science Fund with respect to gender. The data consisted of 8,496 research proposals (census) across all disciplines

Rüdiger Mutz; Lutz Bornmann; Hans-Dieter Daniel

2012-01-01

402

The Department of Defense Civilian External Peer Review Program: an interim report.  

PubMed

During a 2-year period (December 1987-December 1989), 165 Department of Defense (DoD) military hospitals world-wide provided 71,800 cases with 83,197 reviews for quality of care evaluations by the Civilian External Peer Review Program (CEPRP). The majority (78,246 of 79,896) of completed peer review determinations (97.9%) generated agreement with care and documentation. It is concluded that health care in military treatment facilities is of high quality, meeting and generally exceeding accepted standards of care. It is also concluded that the DoD CEPRP offers conceptual and practical experience to guide the further evolution and integration of clinical peer review and quality improvement activities. PMID:1603378

Buck, A S; Martin, E D; Mazzuchi, J F; Merry, M; Mendez, E

1992-01-01

403

Sentiment-Oriented Summarisation of Peer Reviews Sunghwan Mac Kim and Rafael A. Calvo  

E-print Network

Sentiment-Oriented Summarisation of Peer Reviews Sunghwan Mac Kim and Rafael A. Calvo School sentences from each feedback. Sentiment score-based techniques are employed and SentiWordNet is used as a linguistic lexical resource for sentiment summarisation. We evaluate our approach with the reviews written

Calvo, Rafael A.

404

Interactive Learning through Web-Mediated Peer Review of Student Science Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies analyzed impacts of writing and receiving web-mediated peer reviews on revision of research reports by undergraduate science students. After conducting toxicology experiments, 77 students posted draft reports and exchanged double-blind reviews. The first study randomly assigned students to four groups representing full, partial, or no…

Trautmann, Nancy M.

2009-01-01

405

Final External Peer Review Report for Tamiami Trail Limited Reevaluation Report  

E-print Network

Memorial Institute 505 King Avenue Columbus, OH 43201 Prepared for U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Rock Island REVIEW REPORT for Tamiami Trail Limited Reevaluation Report Prepared by Battelle 505 King Avenue ColumbusFinal External Peer Review Report for Tamiami Trail Limited Reevaluation Report By Battelle

US Army Corps of Engineers

406

Zackenberg Bibliography (30.06.2014) Peer-reviewed papers  

E-print Network

of Arctic willow (Salix arctica) in the High Arctic. Journal of Biogeography. 7 June 2014. DOI: 10.1111/jbi and parental care patterns in the Sanderling (Calidris alba) in northeast Greenland. The Auk 131

407

Reflections on a Transnational Peer Review of Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer observation of teaching often occurs at a local level or national level, seldom internationally. Victoria University, Australia, and Chinese institutions Henan University and Central University of Finance and Economics have a transnational partnership involving local students studying courses originating in Australia and Chinese students who…

Carolan, Lynne; Wang, Lijuan

2012-01-01

408

June 28, 2013 Final Independent External Peer Review Report  

E-print Network

Study) by Rachel N. Sell Battelle 505 King Avenue Columbus, OH 43201 (408) 728-7008, sellr@battelle, Illinois and Wisconsin Feasibility Study (Phase II Study) Prepared by Battelle Memorial Institute Prepared administered by Battelle Memorial Institute, Contract No. W911NF-07-D-0001. Final Independent External Peer

US Army Corps of Engineers

409

The Value of Peer Learning in Undergraduate Nursing Education: A Systematic Review  

PubMed Central

The study examined various methods of peer learning and their effectiveness in undergraduate nursing education. Using a specifically developed search strategy, healthcare databases were systematically searched for peer-reviewed articles, with studies involving peer learning and students in undergraduate general nursing courses (in both clinical and theoretical settings) being included. The studies were published in English between 2001 and 2010. Both study selection and quality analysis were undertaken independently by two researchers using published guidelines and data was thematically analyzed to answer the research questions. Eighteen studies comprising various research methods were included. The variety of terms used for peer learning and variations between study designs and assessment measures affected the reliability of the study. The outcome measures showing improvement in either an objective effect or subjective assessment were considered a positive result with sixteen studies demonstrating positive aspects to peer learning including increased confidence, competence, and a decrease in anxiety. We conclude that peer learning is a rapidly developing aspect of nursing education which has been shown to develop students' skills in communication, critical thinking, and self-confidence. Peer learning was shown to be as effective as the conventional classroom lecture method in teaching undergraduate nursing students. PMID:23691355

Cant, Robyn

2013-01-01

410

Effects of peer review on communication skills and learning motivation among nursing students.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of video-based peer review on communication skills and learning motivation among nursing students. A non-equivalent control with pretest-posttest design was used. The participants were 47 sophomore nursing students taking a fundamentals of nursing course at a nursing college in Korea. Communication with a standardized patient was videotaped for evaluation. The intervention group used peer reviews to evaluate the videotaped performance; a small group of four students watched the videotape of each student and then provided feedback. The control group assessed themselves alone after watching their own videos. Communication skills and learning motivation were measured. The intervention group showed significantly higher communication skills and learning motivation after the intervention than did the control group. The findings suggest that peer review is an effective learning method for nursing students to improve their communication skills and increase their motivation to learn. PMID:21323255

Yoo, Moon Sook; Chae, Sun-Mi

2011-04-01

411

The validation of peer review through research impact measures and the implications for funding strategies.  

PubMed

There is a paucity of data in the literature concerning the validation of the grant application peer review process, which is used to help direct billions of dollars in research funds. Ultimately, this validation will hinge upon empirical data relating the output of funded projects to the predictions implicit in the overall scientific merit scores from the peer review of submitted applications. In an effort to address this need, the American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS) conducted a retrospective analysis of peer review data of 2,063 applications submitted to a particular research program and the bibliometric output of the resultant 227 funded projects over an 8-year period. Peer review scores associated with applications were found to be moderately correlated with the total time-adjusted citation output of funded projects, although a high degree of variability existed in the data. Analysis over time revealed that as average annual scores of all applications (both funded and unfunded) submitted to this program improved with time, the average annual citation output per application increased. Citation impact did not correlate with the amount of funds awarded per application or with the total annual programmatic budget. However, the number of funded applications per year was found to correlate well with total annual citation impact, suggesting that improving funding success rates by reducing the size of awards may be an efficient strategy to optimize the scientific impact of research program portfolios. This strategy must be weighed against the need for a balanced research portfolio and the inherent high costs of some areas of research. The relationship observed between peer review scores and bibliometric output lays the groundwork for establishing a model system for future prospective testing of the validity of peer review formats and procedures. PMID:25184367

Gallo, Stephen A; Carpenter, Afton S; Irwin, David; McPartland, Caitlin D; Travis, Joseph; Reynders, Sofie; Thompson, Lisa A; Glisson, Scott R

2014-01-01

412

The Validation of Peer Review through Research Impact Measures and the Implications for Funding Strategies  

PubMed Central

There is a paucity of data in the literature concerning the validation of the grant application peer review process, which is used to help direct billions of dollars in research funds. Ultimately, this validation will hinge upon empirical data relating the output of funded projects to the predictions implicit in the overall scientific merit scores from the peer review of submitted applications. In an effort to address this need, the American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS) conducted a retrospective analysis of peer review data of 2,063 applications submitted to a particular research program and the bibliometric output of the resultant 227 funded projects over an 8-year period. Peer review scores associated with applications were found to be moderately correlated with the total time-adjusted citation output of funded projects, although a high degree of variability existed in the data. Analysis over time revealed that as average annual scores of all applications (both funded and unfunded) submitted to this program improved with time, the average annual citation output per application increased. Citation impact did not correlate with the amount of funds awarded per application or with the total annual programmatic budget. However, the number of funded applications per year was found to correlate well with total annual citation impact, suggesting that improving funding success rates by reducing the size of awards may be an efficient strategy to optimize the scientific impact of research program portfolios. This strategy must be weighed against the need for a balanced research portfolio and the inherent high costs of some areas of research. The relationship observed between peer review scores and bibliometric output lays the groundwork for establishing a model system for future prospective testing of the validity of peer review formats and procedures. PMID:25184367

Gallo, Stephen A.; Carpenter, Afton S.; Irwin, David; McPartland, Caitlin D.; Travis, Joseph; Reynders, Sofie; Thompson, Lisa A.; Glisson, Scott R.

2014-01-01

413

Superconductivity for Electric Systems Annual Peer Review Arlington, VA July 25-27, 2006Superconductivity for Electric Systems Annual Peer Review Arlington, VA July 25-27, 2006 Understanding and Pushing the Limits  

E-print Network

Superconductivity for Electric Systems Annual Peer Review Arlington, VA July 25-27, 2006Superconductivity for Electric Systems Annual Peer Review Arlington, VA July 25-27, 2006 Understanding and Pushing, Scott Baily Superconductivity Technology Center Los Alamos National Laboratory FY 2006 Project Cost

414

Finding literature reviews WHAT IS A LITERATURE REVIEW?  

E-print Network

purposes: to evaluate the state of research on a topic to familiarize readers and students with what has Green BN, Johnson CD, Adams A. Writing narrative literature reviews for peer-reviewed journals: secrets

Ishida, Yuko

415

Journal Review Guidelines In general our lab will use our weekly group meeting as a "journal club" every other  

E-print Network

Journal Review Guidelines In general our lab will use our weekly group meeting as a "journal for the journal club is responsible for selecting the paper to review, distributing the paper to lab members and the presentation. Journal. We will focus our review on papers published in "high impact" journals. While

George, Steven C.

416

BRAINA JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY BOOK REVIEW  

E-print Network

BRAINA JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY BOOK REVIEW Ingredients for a brain In thinking about components of the brain that are important for mental function, there are several obvious things to consider. The brain.g. lattice). Studies of the brain's wiring diagram also suggest the presence of regions that act as hubs

Rolls, Edmund T.

417

Peer Review and the Dilemmas of Quality Control in Programme Accreditation in South African Higher Education: Challenges and Possibilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper scrutinises the dynamics and the nature of peer review in the programme evaluation and accreditation process within the context of diverse individual and institutional legacies in South Africa. It analyses the peer review process and highlights the contestation at political, policy and epistemological levels. The paper argues that,…

Cross, Michael; Naidoo, Devika

2011-01-01

418

Superconductivity for Electric Systems Annual Peer Review Washington, DC July 27-29, 2004. OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY  

E-print Network

Superconductivity for Electric Systems Annual Peer Review Washington, DC ­ July 27-29, 2004. OAK&D support #12;Superconductivity for Electric Systems Annual Peer Review Washington, DC ­ July 27-29, 2004 Commercial 2 G wire Mat Sci knowledge learning Quality, yield cost reduction #12;Superconductivity

419

Gender Effects in the Peer Reviews of Grant Proposals: A Comprehensive Meta-Analysis Comparing Traditional and Multilevel Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review is valued in higher education, but also widely criticized in terms of potential biases, particularly gender. We evaluate gender differences in peer reviews of grant applications, extending Bornmann, Mutz, and Daniel's meta-analyses that reported small gender differences in favor of men (d = 0.04), but a substantial heterogeneity in…

Marsh, Herbert W.; Bornmann, Lutz; Mutz, Rudiger; Daniel, Hans-Dieter; O'Mara, Alison

2009-01-01

420

Investigating Peer Review as an Intentional Learning Strategy to Foster Collaborative Knowledge-Building in Students of Instructional Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review has been advocated for as an intentional strategy to support the knowledge and skill attainment of adult learners preparing for professional practice, including those students preparing for instructional design and technology practice. The purposes of this article are to discuss the practical application of peer review as an…

Brill, Jennifer M.; Hodges, Charles B.

2011-01-01

421

Group Peer Review as an Active Learning Strategy in a Research Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The faculty of an undergraduate research course with a diverse student body recognized that many students struggled with the concept of how to critique a research article. The traditional assignment method used to teach the critique process did not maximize student learning outcomes. The active learning strategy of peer review was used to enhance…

Odom, Sue; Glenn, Betty; Sanner, Susan; Cannella, Kathleen A. S.

2009-01-01

422

Making Sense of Distributed Leadership: The Case of Peer Assistance and Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores a case of shifting leadership responsibility for teacher evaluation. Peer Assistance and Review (PAR) formally involves teachers in the summative evaluation of other teachers--although the boundaries of the involvement are often vague. Since teacher evaluation has traditionally been the domain of school principals, involving…

Goldstein, Jennifer

2004-01-01

423

Assessment of Programming Language Learning Based on Peer Code Review Model: Implementation and Experience Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The traditional assessment approach, in which one single written examination counts toward a student's total score, no longer meets new demands of programming language education. Based on a peer code review process model, we developed an online assessment system called "EduPCR" and used a novel approach to assess the learning of computer…

Wang, Yanqing; Li, Hang; Feng, Yuqiang; Jiang, Yu; Liu, Ying

2012-01-01

424

Peer Review--The Only Answer to High-Quality Research?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of the National Institutes of Health grants peer review system suggests that, while the system is the most effective for assuring support for high-quality medical and nursing research, serious erosion in confidence in the system has occurred and must be resolved within the biomedical research community. (MSE)

Abdellah, Faye G.

1990-01-01

425

Problem-based Writing with Peer Review Improves Academic Performance in Physiology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The aim of this study was to determine whether problem-based writing with peer review (PW-PR) improves undergraduate student performance on physiology exams. Didactic lectures were replaced with assignments to give students practice explaining their reasoning while solving qualitative problems, thus transferring the responsibility for abstraction and generalization to the students. Performance on exam items about concepts taught using PW-PR was compared with performance on concepts taught using didactic lectures followed by group work. Calibrated Peer ReviewTM, a Web-delivered program, was used to collect student essays and to manage anonymous peer review after students "passed" three calibration peer reviews. Results show that the students had difficulty relating concepts. Relationship errors were categorized as 1) problems recognizing levels of organization, 2) problems with cause/effect, and 3) overgeneralizations. For example, some described cells as molecules; others thought that vesicles transport materials through the extracellular fluid. With PW-PR, class discussion was used to confront and resolve such difficulties. Both multiple-choice and essay exam results were better with PW-PR instead of lecture.

PhD Nancy J. Pelaez (California State University Fullerton Department of Biological Science, MH282)

2002-09-01

426

ForPeerReview Biogeochemical reduction processes in a hyper-alkaline  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Only Biogeochemical reduction processes in a hyper-alkaline affected leachate soil processes in a hyper-alkaline affected leachate soil profile1 2 Ian T. Burke1* , Robert J.G. Mortimer1 in a buried, saturated, organic­16 rich soil layer at pH 12.3. The soil has been trapped beneath calcite

Burke, Ian

427

REVIEWSA PEER REVIEWED FORUM Mechanisms of Muscle Growth and Atrophy in  

E-print Network

: The loss of skeletal muscle mass (atrophy) that accompanies disuse and systemic diseases is highly in functional capacity. In addition, there is a pro- gressive loss of muscle mass and strength in the ageda REVIEWS­A PEER REVIEWED FORUM Mechanisms of Muscle Growth and Atrophy in Mammals and Drosophila

Perrimon, Norbert

428

62 FR 24419 - Peer Review Panels; Gulf of Mexico Red Snapper Research  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...020497A] Peer Review Panels; Gulf of Mexico Red Snapper Research AGENCY: National...of the red snapper stock in the Gulf of Mexico. Nominations may be submitted...the red snapper fishery in the Gulf of Mexico. The Science and Management...

1997-05-05

429

62 FR 11844 - Peer Review Panels; Gulf of Mexico Red Snapper Research  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...020497A] Peer Review Panels; Gulf of Mexico Red Snapper Research AGENCY: National...of the red snapper stock in the Gulf of Mexico. Three panels of independent experts...the red snapper fishery in the Gulf of Mexico. The Science and Management...

1997-03-13

430

Peer Review of Teaching Embedded Practice or Policy-Holding Complacency?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review of teaching (PRT) depicts as many different definitions, processes, rationale and underpinning values as there are participating individuals. This paper reports the activities of one academic department who were forced to address the issues of perceived clarity, value and ownership when faced with an unexpectedly low completion rate in…

Kell, Clare; Annetts, Susan

2009-01-01

431

Application of Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) Writing Assignments to Enhance Experiments with an Environmental Chemistry Focus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The browser-based software program, Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) developed by the Molecular Science Project enables instructors to create structured writing assignments in which students learn by writing and reading for content. Though the CPR project covers only one experiment in general chemistry, it might provide lab instructors with a method…

Margerum, Lawrence D.; Gulsrud, Maren; Manlapez, Ronald; Rebong, Rachelle; Love, Austin

2007-01-01

432

ForPeerReview Markov-modeled Downlink Environment: Opportunistic Multiuser  

E-print Network

by a two-state Markov chain. The scheduler indirectly estimates the channel via accumulated Automatic.g., [2]­[6]) to study the performance gains obtained by opportunistic scheduling under various scenariosForPeerReview Markov-modeled Downlink Environment: Opportunistic Multiuser Scheduling

Schniter, Philip

433

ForPeerReview The not-so-Irish spurge: Euphorbia hyberna (Euphorbiaceae) and  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Page | 1 The not-so-Irish spurge: Euphorbia hyberna (Euphorbiaceae8 and phylogeographical approach to elucidate the glacial history of the Irish spurge,9 Euphorbia: Euphorbia hyberna ­ Irish spurge ­ Last Glacial Maximum ­16 Lusitanian flora ­ palaeodistribution modelling

Provan, Jim

434

ForPeerReview Molecular basis of Diamond-Blackfan anemia  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Molecular basis of Diamond-Blackfan anemia: Structure and function analysis of RPS19 basis of Diamond-Blackfan anemia: Structure and function analysis of RPS19 Running title : Crystal) Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a rare congenital disease linked to mutations in the ribosomal protein

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

435

HUDSON RIVER PCBS SUPERFUND SITE RECORD OF DECISION PERFORMANCE STANDARDS PEER REVIEW  

EPA Science Inventory

The independent external peer review of dredging resuspension, PCB residuals, and production rate performance standards and the attendant monitoring program, as well as a report prepared at the end of the first phase of dredging. The report will allow comparison of dredging oper...

436

The Future of Peer Review in the Humanities Is Wide Open  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nobody likes the current system of peer review, and most everybody agrees it should move online. But from there, opinions diverge. As humanities editors continue to experiment with Web-based technology, two proposed online tools are highlighting disagreement over what needs fixing. Peter H. Sigal, a blue-haired associate professor of history at…

Mole, Beth

2012-01-01

437

Final Independent External Peer Review Report Cattaraugus Creek Watershed Ecosystem Restoration  

E-print Network

Final Independent External Peer Review Report Cattaraugus Creek Watershed Ecosystem Restoration of Expertise for Ecosystem Restoration Mississippi Valley Division Contract No. W912HQ-10-D-0002 Task Order Watershed Ecosystem Restoration at Springville Dam, Draft Detailed Project Report/Environmental Assessment

US Army Corps of Engineers

438

Peer Review and Teacher Leadership: Linking Professionalism and Accountability. Series on School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines a policy that is one of the most powerful levers to improve teaching quality and advance teaching as a profession. Jennifer Goldstein presents the story of Rosemont, an urban district in California that created "professional accountability" with peer assistance and review (PAR), an alternative approach to teacher evaluation in…

Goldstein, Jennifer

2010-01-01

439

Participation, Interaction and Social Presence: An Exploratory Study of Collaboration in Online Peer Review Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A key reason for using asynchronous computer conferencing in instruction is its potential for supporting collaborative learning. However, few studies have examined collaboration in computer conferencing. This study examined collaboration in six peer review groups within an asynchronous computer conferencing. Eighteen tertiary students participated…

Zhao, Huahui; Sullivan, Kirk P. H.; Mellenius, Ingmarie

2014-01-01

440

Interrater Reliability to Assure Valid Content in Peer Review of CME-Accredited Presentations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) provides guidelines for continuing medical education (CME) materials to mitigate problems in the independence or validity of content in certified activities; however, the process of peer review of materials appears largely unstudied and the reproducibility of…

Quigg, Mark; Lado, Fred A.

2009-01-01

441

Publications on Land Use/Cover Change and Deforestation Peer-Reviewed Articles  

E-print Network

Publications on Land Use/Cover Change and Deforestation Peer-Reviewed Articles Pricope, N. G., G. López-Carr, D. Redo, M. Bonilla, M. Levy (2013). Deforestation and reforestation of Latin America and the Caribbean (2001-2010). Biotropica. 45(2): 262-271. López-Carr, D. and J. Burgdorfer (2013) "Deforestation

Lopez-Carr, David

442

A Proposal for Agent Simulation of Peer Review Francisco Grimaldo1  

E-print Network

. It is composed of a set of social norms, practices and processes that con- nect the abstract scientific method with measures. 1 Introduction Science is both a method - a logically coherent set of norms and processes with the society of people that apply the method. As a social construct, peer review should be understood

Grimaldo, Francisco

443

ForPeerReview Traffic Congestion and Air Pollution Exposure for Motorists  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Only 1 Traffic Congestion and Air Pollution Exposure for Motorists: Comparing- related air pollution using real-world traffic data and a framework of established emissions can increase the emissions rates of air pollutants from motor vehicles, degrading urban air quality

Bertini, Robert L.

444

Peer Review of the ESR Health Risk Assessment on Dung Beetles 31 October 2013  

E-print Network

Peer Review of the ESR Health Risk Assessment on Dung Beetles 31 October 2013 General In general health risk assessment to be a good contribution to the discussion about the potential public health for the disagreements between the experts (i.e. the ESR team who undertook the health risk assessment

Sun, Jing

445

ForPeerReview Both chronic treatments by epothilone D and fluoxetine  

E-print Network

Abbreviations used: 5-HT, serotonin; HPA, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis; KO, knockout; LTP, long termForPeerReview Both chronic treatments by epothilone D and fluoxetine increase the short-term memory-term memory and differentially alter the mood-status of STOP/MAP6 KO mice Vincent Fournet,,# Gaetan de

446

An Analysis of Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) in a Science Lecture Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) is an online tool being used to integrate a writing component in classrooms. In an introductory zoology lecture class, the authors found that CPR-assigned scores were significantly higher than instructor-assigned scores on two of three essay assignments. They also found that neither students' technical-writing skills…

Walvoord, Mark E.; Hoefnagels, Marielle H.; Gaffin, Douglas D.; Chumchal, Matthew M.; Long, David A.

2008-01-01

447

ForPeerReview Radiographic diagnosis of metabolic bone disease in captive  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Radiographic diagnosis of metabolic bone disease in captive bred mountain chicken life stages are not known. As a result, captive specimens may suffer from metabolic bone disease (MBD to assess bone density and abnormalities to aid in determining whether the nutritional needs of each frog

448

Peer-Assisted Learning Interventions with Elementary School Studies: A Meta-Analytic Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A meta-analytic review of group comparison design studies evaluating peer-assisted learning (PAL) interventions with elementary school students produced positive effect sizes (ESs) indicating increases in achievement. PAL interventions were most effective with younger, urban, low-income, and minority students. Interventions that used…

Rohrbeck, Cynthia A.; Ginsburg-Block, Marika D.; Fantuzzo, John W.; Miller, Traci R.

2003-01-01

449

2014 Water Power Program Peer Review: Marine and Hydrokinetic Technologies, Compiled Presentations (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This document represents a collection of all presentations given during the EERE Wind and Water Power Program's 2014 Marine and Hydrokinetic Peer Review. The purpose of the meeting was to evaluate DOE-funded hydropower and marine and hydrokinetic R&D projects for their contribution to the mission and goals of the Water Power Program and to assess progress made against stated objectives.

Not Available

2014-02-01

450

ForPeerReview Influence of woody elements of a Norway spruce canopy on nadir reflectance  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Only Influence of woody elements of a Norway spruce canopy on nadir reflectance) for a simulated Norway spruce canopy was performed at a very high spatial resolution (modelling resolution 0.2 m the Norway spruce canopy as being composed of i) leaves, ii) leaves, trunks and first order branches

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

451

PEER REVIEWED FIBER SUPPLY Beetle-killed spruce utilization in the Kenai peninsula  

E-print Network

PEER REVIEWED · FIBER SUPPLY Beetle-killed spruce utilization in the Kenai peninsula GARY M. SCOTT, DAVID W. BORMETT, NANCY ROSS SUTHERLAND, SAID ABUBAKR. AND EINI LOWELL Application: Beetle-killed spruce resulted in large stands of dead and dying timber on the Kenai peninsula in Alaska, with white spruce

Abubakr, Said

452

2014 Water Power Program Peer Review: Hydropower Technologies, Compiled Presentations (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This document represents a collection of all presentations given during the EERE Wind and Water Power Program's 2014 Hydropower Peer Review. The purpose of the meeting was to evaluate DOE-funded hydropower and marine and hydrokinetic R&D projects for their contribution to the mission and goals of the Water Power Program and to assess progress made against stated objectives.

Not Available

2014-02-01

453

ForPeerReview north Australian rainfall in CMIP5 1  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview north Australian rainfall in CMIP5 1 Summertime precipitation over northern Australia in an ensemble of AMIP simulations from CMIP5 D. Ackerley,aG. Berry,a C. Jakob,a, b M. J. Reedera, b and J characteristics of ten GCMs from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) over northern Australia

Jakob, Christian

454

Peer Review and Nuanced Power Structures: Writing and Learning within the Age of Connectivism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through a Foucauldian lens, this article examines the affordances and constraints of an online peer-review program in four special education English language arts classes in two New York City middle schools. Data from classroom observations, teacher interviews, and online student spaces and artifacts provide insight into the technologies of power…

Abrams, Sandra Schamroth

2013-01-01

455

Social Peer Interactions in Persons with Profound Intellectual and Multiple Disabilities: A Literature Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social interactions may positively influence developmental and quality of life outcomes. Research in persons with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD) mostly investigated interactions with caregivers. This literature review focuses on peer interactions of persons with PIMD. A computerized literature search of three databases was…

Nijs, Sara; Maes, Bea

2014-01-01

456

Gold for Gold You use an Open Access voucher after peer-review and  

E-print Network

Gold for Gold You use an Open Access voucher after peer-review and acceptance. The final article website without any barriers to access. How to Apply for Open Access There are two possible routes to Gold: · Gold for Gold voucher code Or payment; · Online application; · Open Access Licence to Publish form

457

Final Independent External Peer Review Report Central and Southern Florida Project, Kissimmee  

E-print Network

Reevaluation Report by Battelle 505 King Avenue Columbus, OH 43201 for Department of the Army U.S. Army Corps by Battelle Memorial Institute Prepared for Department of the Army U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Ecosystem LRR IEPR i Battelle Final IEPR Report October 13, 2010 FINAL INDEPENDENT EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW REPORT

US Army Corps of Engineers

458

Final Independent External Peer Review Report Olmsted Locks and Dam 52 and 53 Replacement  

E-print Network

by Battelle 505 King Avenue Columbus, OH 43201 for Department of the Army U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Inland Updated Cost Estimate Peer Review Prepared by Battelle Memorial Institute Prepared for Department Task Order: 0020 #12;This page is intentionally left blank. #12;Olmsted Cost Update IEPR i Battelle

US Army Corps of Engineers

459

Final Independent External Peer Review Report Olmsted Locks and Dam 52 and 53 Replacement  

E-print Network

by Battelle 505 King Avenue Columbus, OH 43201 for Department of the Army U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Inland Post Authorization Change Report Prepared by Battelle Memorial Institute Prepared for Department Battelle Final IEPR Report November 15, 2010 FINAL INDEPENDENT EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW REPORT for the Olmsted

US Army Corps of Engineers

460

Final Independent External Peer Review Report for the Savannah Harbor Expansion Project  

E-print Network

Project General Reevaluation Report by Battelle 505 King Avenue Columbus, OH 43201 for Department Reevaluation Report Prepared by Battelle Memorial Institute Prepared for Department of the Army U.S. Army Corps i Battelle Final IEPR Report February 11, 2011 FINAL INDEPENDENT EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW REPORT

US Army Corps of Engineers

461

EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW REPORT Sabine-Neches Waterway (SNWW) Channel Improvement Plan (CIP) Draft Feasibility  

E-print Network

by Battelle 505 King Avenue Columbus, Ohio 43201 for U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Mobile District 109 St Report December 2007 ii Battelle Memorial Institute TABLE OF CONTENTS Executive Summary;FINAL ­ SNWW External Peer Review Report December 2007 iii Battelle Memorial Institute FINAL EXTERNAL

US Army Corps of Engineers

462

Final Independent External Peer Review Report for the Tres Rios del Norte, Pima County,  

E-print Network

, Arizona, Feasibility Study by Battelle 505 King Avenue Columbus, OH 43201 for Department of the Army U, Feasibility Study Prepared by Battelle Memorial Institute Prepared for Department of the Army U.S. Army Corps Battelle Final IEPR Report September 26, 2011 FINAL INDEPENDENT EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW REPORT for the Tres

US Army Corps of Engineers

463

Final Independent External Peer Review Report for St. Johns Bayou and New Madrid Floodway,  

E-print Network

3 by Battelle 505 King Avenue Columbus, OH 43201 for Department of the Army U.S. Army Corps Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS), Phase 3 Prepared by Battelle Memorial Institute Prepared for Department Phase 3 IEPR i Battelle Final IEPR Report December 8, 2011 FINAL INDEPENDENT EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW REPORT

US Army Corps of Engineers

464

Final Independent External Peer Review Report Decision and Implementation Documents for  

E-print Network

Leod Battelle 505 King Avenue Columbus, OH 43201 (781) 952-5381, mcleod@battelle.org for Department of the Army, Louisiana, Project Description Document Prepared by Battelle Memorial Institute Prepared for Department by Battelle Memorial Institute, Contract No. W911NF-11-D-0001. Final Independent External Peer Review Report

US Army Corps of Engineers

465

Final Independent External Peer Review Report Columbia River at the Mouth, Oregon and  

E-print Network

by Battelle 505 King Avenue Columbus, OH 43201 for Department of the Army U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Deep Major Rehabilitation Evaluation Report Prepared by Battelle Memorial Institute Prepared for Department IEPR i Battelle Final IEPR Report March 9, 2011 FINAL INDEPENDENT EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW REPORT

US Army Corps of Engineers

466

Final Independent External Peer Review Report for the Integrated Feasibility Study and  

E-print Network

Barrier Shoreline Restoration Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana by Battelle 505 King Avenue Columbus, OH 43201 Restoration Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana Prepared by Battelle Memorial Institute Prepared for Department;Terrebonne IEPR i Battelle Final IEPR Report June 25, 2010 FINAL INDEPENDENT EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW REPORT

US Army Corps of Engineers

467

ForPeerReview Rodent middens reveal episodic, long-distance plant  

E-print Network

of Ecology & Biodiversity Maldonado, Antonio; Centro de Estudios Avanzados en Zonas Aridas, Laboratorio de Estudios Avanzados en Zonas Áridas (CEAZA), Colina del Pino s/n, La Serena, Chile (4) Dirección de 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 #12;ForPeerReview 2 ABSTRACT Aim To document

468

Easy to Dance To: Solving the Problems of Teacher Evaluation with Peer Assistance and Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scholars and practitioners have long criticized teacher evaluation as ineffective. Peer assistance and review (PAR) alters traditional teacher evaluation, as master teachers conduct summative as well as formative assessment of beginning teachers and veteran teachers in need of intervention. Relying on data from a longitudinal case study of one…

Goldstein, Jennifer

2007-01-01

469

HUDSON RIVER PCBs SITE Peer Review of Phase 1 DredgingFinal Report  

EPA Science Inventory

This report summarizes the independent peer review of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Phase 1 Evaluation Report, the General Electric Company (GE) Phase 1 Evaluation Report, and supporting information. The Phase 1 Evaluation Reports presented EPA and GE?s evaluati...

470

ForPeerReview A conservative adaptive wavelet method for the shallow  

E-print Network

Words: Shallow water equations; wavelets; adaptive numerical simulation; dynamical core; climate model Received ... 1. Introduction 1.1. Adaptive spherical shallow water models Geophysical flowsForPeerReview A conservative adaptive wavelet method for the shallow water equations on the sphere

Dubos, Thomas

471

ForPeerReview Inner-Core Vacillation Cycles during the Intensification of Hurricane Katrina 1  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Inner-Core Vacillation Cycles during the Intensification of Hurricane Katrina 1 Inner-Core Vacillation Cycles during the Intensification of Hurricane Katrina Nguyen Chi Maia, Michael J. Reedera, Noel E.Nguyen@sci.monash.edu.au A simulation of Hurricane Katrina (2005) using the Australian Bureau of Meteorology's model TCLAPS shows

Smith, Roger K.

472

The Long Shadow of Peer Review on the Preparation of Artist Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recruitment and retention of the highest-quality artist educators in colleges and universities is a key element in supporting strong K-12 arts education programs. Artist educators must be expert in at least two disciplines: their art forms and education. However, the peer review processes commonly employed to recommend higher education faculty…

Walker, Loretta Niebur

2013-01-01

473

Innovative Peer Review Model for Rural Physicians: System Design and Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: The peer review process in small rural hospitals is complicated by limited numbers of physicians, conflict of interest, issues related to appropriate utilization of new technology, possibility for conflicting recommendations, and need for external expertise. Purpose: The purpose of this project was to design, test, and implement a virtual…

Williams, Josie R.; Mechler, Kathy; Akins, Ralitsa B.

2008-01-01

474

ForPeerReview Characterization of the dynamics of hepatitis B virus  

E-print Network

ForPeerReview Characterization of the dynamics of hepatitis B virus resistance to adefovir by ultra Mondor, Department of Virology Keywords: hepatitis B virus, adefovir, resistance, ultra of Hepatitis B Virus Resistance to Adefovir by Ultra-Deep Pyrosequencing Christophe Rodriguez,1,2 Stéphane

Boyer, Edmond

475

Embedding Research in a Field-Based Module through Peer Review and Assessment for Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case study is presented of embedding research in a final year undergraduate, field-based, physical geography module. The approach is holistic, whereby research-based learning activities simulate the full life cycle of research from inception through to peer review and publication. The learning, teaching and assessment strategy emphasizes the…

Nicholson, Dawn T.

2011-01-01

476

Methodological Orientations of Articles Appearing in Allied Health's Top Journals: Who Publishes What and Where  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined articles published in the major peer-reviewed journals, either hard copy, web, or both formats, in five allied health professions from January 2006 to December 2010. Research journals used in this study include: "Journal of Dental Hygiene," "Journal of the American Dietetic Association," "Journal of…

Alderman, Pamela Lea McCloud

2012-01-01

477

A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials of peer support for people with severe mental illness  

PubMed Central

Background Little is known about whether peer support improves outcomes for people with severe mental illness. Method A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted. Cochrane CENTRAL Register, Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, and CINAHL were searched to July 2013 without restriction by publication status. Randomised trials of non-residential peer support interventions were included. Trial interventions were categorised and analysed separately as: mutual peer support, peer support services, or peer delivered mental health services. Meta-analyses were performed where possible, and studies were assessed for bias and the quality of evidence described. Results Eighteen trials including 5597 participants were included. These comprised four trials of mutual support programmes, eleven trials of peer support services, and three trials of peer-delivered services. There was substantial variation between trials in participants’ characteristics and programme content. Outcomes were incompletely reported; there was high risk of bias. From small numbers of studies in the analyses it was possible to conduct, there was little or no evidence that peer support was associated with positive effects on hospitalisation, overall symptoms or satisfaction with services. There was some evidence that peer support was associated with positive effects on measures of hope, recovery and empowerment at and beyond the end of the intervention, although this was not consistent within or across different types of peer support. Conclusions Despite the promotion and uptake of peer support internationally, there is little evidence from current trials about the effects of peer support for people with severe mental illness. Although there are few positive findings, this review has important implications for policy and practice: current evidence does not support recommendations or mandatory requirements from policy makers for mental health services to provide peer support programmes. Further peer support programmes should be implemented within the context of high quality research projects wherever possible. Deficiencies in the conduct and reporting of existing trials exemplify difficulties in the evaluation of complex interventions. PMID:24528545

2014-01-01

478

Peer Review of Multimedia Web Sites Authored by Student Teams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students are asked, as individuals in a team, to critically review the draft of a multimedia web site authored by another team in my course. Student must follow a template with 5 review criteria, and submit their review to each member of the web site author team and to me. Please see the handout below for instructions I give to students for this activity.

Ferrett, Trish

479

A Qualitative Review of Literature on Peer Review of Teaching in Higher Education: An Application of the SWOT Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issues of professional accountability, faculty member development, and enhancing higher education quality in universities are gaining importance. A strategy that could increase personal control over teaching practices in addition to improving professional development among faculty members is peer review of teaching (PRT). Five themes that are…

Thomas, Susan; Chie, Qiu Ting; Abraham, Mathew; Raj, Sony Jalarajan; Beh, Loo-See

2014-01-01

480

SUPPLEMENTAL COLUMBIA RIVER PROTECTION ACTIVITIES AT THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY HANFORD SITE: 2006 TECHNICAL PEER REVIEW  

SciTech Connect

Prompted by a $10 million Congressional allocation to identify supplemental actions to protect the Columbia River from groundwater contamination beneath the Hanford Reservation, the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Management (EM) Office of Clean-up Technology identified twenty-three potential technical projects and then down-selected ten of these for further evaluation. An independent expert peer review was conducted for the ten down-selected proposals. The review panel consisted of twenty-three recognized subject matter experts that broadly represented academia, industry, and federal laboratories. Of the initial ten proposals reviewed, one was given unconditional support, six were given conditional support, and three were not supported as proposed. Three additional proposals were then submitted by DOE for review--these proposals were structured, in part, to respond to the initial round of technical peer review comments. Peer reviews of these additional proposals provided conditional support. For those proposals that received conditional support, DOE requested specific implementation and work plans and assessed whether the plans adequately addressed the technical conditions identified by the review panel. The final list of technology proposals receiving support, or conditional support, primarily focused on understanding and reducing the potential impacts of uranium, chromium, and strontium from facilities adjacent to the Columbia River, with a secondary focus on understanding and limiting the future Columbia River impacts from the large carbon tetrachloride groundwater plume underlying and downgradient of the Hanford Central Plateau facilities. The results and recommendations of the peer reviews informed the final DOE project selections and supported implementation of the selected projects to protect the Columbia River and address groundwater contamination at Hanford.

Looney, B; Dawn Kaback; Gene Leboeuf; Jason Mulvihill-Kuntz; Lynn Lefkoff

2006-12-20

481

Implementing Calibrated Peer Review to Enhance Technical Critiquing Skills in a Bioengineering Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed at UCLA, Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) is a web-based tool developed to help students improve their technical writing and critiquing skills. In 2006 and 2007 we used CPR in an upper-level tissue culture laboratory course in which students conduct viability, attachment, and proliferation assays using fibroblast cells. After completing their experiments, students use PowerPoint to construct a technical poster that illustrates their experimental methods, results, and conclusions. For the CPR component of the assignment, students first evaluate three sample posters supplied by the instructor to calibrate their critiquing skills. After this step, students conduct a blind review of three peers posters and then evaluate their own. During the calibration, peer critiquing and self evaluation stages, students respond to 15 statements about the quality of the posters. Eleven statements cover technical content, including succinct summary of objectives, clear experimental methods, quality of graphs, and key results interpreted in words. Three statements probe the posters visual appeal, including appropriate size and style of font. One final statement requires a holistic evaluation of the poster. Following CPR, students turn in a revised copy of their technical poster. In 2006, students had difficulty during the calibration phase. Following a major revision of the calibration phase in 2007, 79% of students passed all three calibration posters. Instructor, peer, and self evaluations were compared. There was a strong linear correlation between instructor evaluation and peer evaluation (r = 0.60, regression model ANOVA P0.2). These results suggest that students may be better able to technically evaluate others work, rather than their own. Students perceived the peer evaluation process as generally helpful, although they noted that their peers comments were less specific and occasionally inconsistent with their instructors feedback. Students reported on surveys that peer evaluation was effective in helping them to recognize many facets of technical poster design, such as errors and omissions, data presentation, and technical argument. 97% of the students claimed their technical critiquing skills improved as a result of this experience. We feel that using CPR to facilitate the peer evaluation process is an effective way to enhance undergraduate engineering students technical critiquing skills.

Saterbak, Ann

482

Social marketing of water and sanitation products: a systematic review of peer-reviewed literature.  

PubMed

Like commercial marketing, social marketing uses the 4 "Ps" and seeks exchange of value between the marketer and consumer. Behaviors such as handwashing, and products such as those for oral rehydration treatment (ORT), can be marketed like commercial products in developing countries. Although social marketing in these areas is growing, there has been no systematic review of the current state of practice, research and evaluation. We searched the literature for published peer-reviewed studies available through major online publication databases. We identified manuscripts in the health, social science, and business literature on social marketing that used at least one of the 4 Ps of marketing and had a behavioral objective targeting the behaviors or products related to improving water and sanitation. We developed formalized decision rules and applied them in identifying articles for review. We initially identified 117 articles and reviewed a final set of 32 that met our criteria. Social marketing is a widespread strategy. Marketing efforts have created high levels of awareness of health threats and solutions, including behavior change and socially marketed products. There is widespread use of the 4 Ps of marketing, with price interventions being the least common. Evaluations show consistent improvements in behavioral mediators but mixed results in behavior change. Interventions have successfully used social marketing following widely recommended strategies. Future evaluations need to focus on mediators that explain successful behavior change in order to identify best practices and improve future programs. More rigorous evaluations including quasi-experimental designs and randomized trials are needed. More consistent reporting of evaluation results that permits meta-analysis of effects is needed. PMID:24704890

Evans, W D; Pattanayak, S K; Young, S; Buszin, J; Rai, S; Bihm, Jasmine Wallace

2014-06-01

483

The Effects of Peer Tutoring on Academic Performance of Students with Disabilities in Grades 6 through 12: A Synthesis of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This synthesis examined the effects of peer tutoring on academic performance of students with disabilities in Grades 6 through 12. Twelve studies met all the criteria for this synthesis: (a) original studies, (b) published in peer-reviewed journals between 1997 and 2007, (c) investigated peer tutoring in special education students in Grades 6…

Okilwa, Nathern S. A.; Shelby, Liz

2010-01-01

484

Music's Representation in Early Childhood Education Journals: A Literature Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this review of literature, the author explored the representation of music in early childhood education researcher and practitioner journal articles. Thirty-eight pertinent journal articles were identified in a keyword search for "music" in eight journals. The search was limited to a 5-year period, 2005-2010. Article summaries were categorized…

Bond, Vanessa L.

2012-01-01

485

In-Suit Light Exercise (ISLE) Prebreathe Protocol Peer Review Assessment. Volume 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The performance of extravehicular activity (EVA) by National Aeronautics and Space Administration astronauts involves the risk of decompression sickness. This risk has been mitigated by the use of oxygen "prebreathe" to effectively wash out tissue nitrogen prior to each EVA. Now that the Space Shuttle Program (SSP) is being retired, high-pressure oxygen will become a limited resource. The In-Suit Light Exercise (ISLE) Prebreathe Protocol offers several potential benefits including its potential to save 6 pounds of oxygen per EVA. At the request of the NASA Engineering and Safety Center, the peer review convened on October 14, 2010. The major recommendation of the Review Committee was that the ISLE protocol was acceptable for operational use as a prebreathe option prior to EVA. The results from the peer review are contained in this document.

Brady, Timothy K.; Polk, James D.

2011-01-01

486

To Name or Not to Name: The Effect of Changing Author Gender on Peer Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The peer review model is one of the most important tools used in science to assess the relative merit of research. We manipulated a published article to reflect one of the following four author designations: female, male, initial, and no name provided. This article was then reviewed by referees of both genders at various stages of scientific training. Name changing did not influence acceptance rates or quality ratings. Undergraduate referees were less critical than graduate students or postdoctoral researchers, independent of gender. However, female postdoctoral researchers were the most critical referees: Their rejection rates were the highest and quality ratings the lowest, regardless of the author name provided. Contrary to previous reports in the literature, there was no evidence of same-gender preferences. This study strongly suggests that female postgraduate biologists may apply different expectations to peer review.

Robyn Borsuk (York University Canada; Department of Biology)

2009-12-01

487

Referencing and quotation accuracy in four manual therapy journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study was to investigate the reference and quotation accuracy in four peer-reviewed manual therapy journals. A stratified random sample of original research (n=7) was collected from each of the journals spanning the years January 2000 to December 2001. A further random selection of 80 references from each journal paper sampled was then reviewed (Total N=320) for

Cameron McR Gosling; Melainie Cameron; Peter F. Gibbons

2004-01-01

488

Peer Assistance and Review: A Cross-Site Study of Labor-Management Collaboration Required for Program Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer Assistance and Review (PAR), a program in which Consulting Teachers (CTs) provide support for and then evaluate their peers, requires a unique labor-management collaboration because it brings together members of the teachers union and administration to focus on improving teacher quality. PAR requires that CTs and principals share evaluation…

Qazilbash, Emily Kalejs

2009-01-01

489

Annual acknowledgement of manuscript reviewers  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers The Editors of Cardiovascular Diabetology wish to thank all reviewers, both Editorial Board Members and external referees, who contributed to the journal in 2012 (Volume 11), and whose enthusiastic support in providing the essential service of peer review continues to improve the scientific quality of the journal and enable its goals to be achieved.

2013-01-01

490

Enhancing the role of case-oriented peer review to improve quality and safety in radiation oncology: Executive summary  

PubMed Central

This report is part of a series of white papers commissioned for the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) Board of Directors as part of ASTRO's Target Safely Campaign, focusing on the role of peer review as an important component of a broad safety/quality assurance (QA) program. Peer review is one of the most effective means for assuring the quality of qualitative, and potentially controversial, patient-specific decisions in radiation oncology. This report summarizes many of the areas throughout radiation therapy that may benefit from the application of peer review. Each radiation oncology facility should evaluate the issues raised and develop improved ways to apply the concept of peer review to its individual process and workflow. This might consist of a daily multidisciplinary (eg, physicians, dosimetrists, physicists, therapists) meeting to review patients being considered for, or undergoing planning for, radiation therapy (eg, intention to treat and target delineation), as well as meetings to review patients already under treatment (eg, adequacy of image guidance). This report is intended to clarify and broaden the understanding of radiation oncology professionals regarding the meaning, roles, benefits, and targets for peer review as a routine quality assurance tool. It is hoped that this work will be a catalyst for further investigation, development, and study of the efficacy of peer review techniques and how these efforts can help improve the safety and quality of our treatments. PMID:24175002

Marks, Lawrence B.; Adams, Robert D.; Pawlicki, Todd; Blumberg, Albert L.; Hoopes, David; Brundage, Michael D.; Fraass, Benedick A.

2013-01-01

491

Supporting scientific writing and evaluation in a conceptual physics course with Calibrated Peer Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Writing tasks are one way students can apply science concepts, yet evaluating studentsâ writing can be difficult in large classes. With the web-based Calibrated Peer Review* (CPR) system, students submit written work and evaluate each other. Students write a response to a prompt, read and evaluate responses prepared by the curriculum developers, and receive feedback on their evaluations, allowing students to âcalibrateâ their evaluation skills. Students then evaluate their peersâ work and their own work. We have used CPR for two semesters in conceptual physics courses with enrollments of ~100 students. By independently assessing studentsâ responses, we evaluated the CPR calibration process and compared studentsâ peer reviews with expert evaluations. Studentsâ scores on their essays correlate with our independent evaluations. This poster describes these findings and our experiences with implementing CPR assignments.

Price, Edward; Goldberg, Fred; Patterson, Scott; Heft, Paul

2014-02-19

492

Publications on Population Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles  

E-print Network

(2010). Population, Poverty, Environment, and Climate Dynamics in the Developing World Security in Central America. Papers of the Global Land Project Open Science Meeting. Arizona State(1): 97-112. Carr, D. L. (2006). A tale of two roads: Population, poverty, and politics on the Guatemalan

Lopez-Carr, David

493

Publications 2005 2010 PAPERS IN PEER-REVIEWED JOURNALS  

E-print Network

capabilities using incoherent compounding" Insight (Brit. J. NDT) (2006) 228 ­ 232 K.Streibel, S.Cochran, K density electronics" Insight (Brit. J. NDT) (2006) 94 ­ 96. S.Cochran "Fundamentals of ultrasonics phased arrays" Insight (Brit. J. NDT) (2006) 212 ­ 217 (invited). 2005 S.Cochran, P.Marin-Franch, D.Choi, M

Greenaway, Alan

494

ABOUT THE JOURNAL HOPOS presents international, peer-reviewed scholarship  

E-print Network

pixels Online 1 month $150 300 x 250 pixels 2014 ADVERTISING DEADLINES Issue Space Art Fall Feb 1 Mar 1, scientists, and social scientists. 2014 ADVERTISING RATES Position Rate Specs Full Page $690 4 ½ x 7 ½ Half Spring Jul 1 Aug 1 Color Options ­ Color ad space may be available. If no color rate is published, 50

Mateo, Jill M.

495

ABOUT THE JOURNAL HOPOS presents international, peer-reviewed scholarship  

E-print Network

ADVERTISING DEADLINES Issue Space Art Fall Feb 1 Mar 15 Spring Jul 3 Aug 15 Color Options ­ Color ad space may, scientists, and social scientists. 2013 ADVERTISING RATES Position Rate Specs Full Page $650 4 ½ x 7 ½ Half rates noted are gross. The publisher has the right to hold the advertiser and/or its advertising agency

Mateo, Jill M.

496

Jinwen Zhang's publication list Peer-reviewed journal publications  

E-print Network

; Shibin Shang. Chiral ionic liquid crystals with a bulky rigid core from renewable camphorsulfonic acid Liquid Thermal Stabilizer from Rosin and Tung Oil and Properties of the Stabilized PVC, Polymer; Mei Li; Jianling Xia; Yonghong Zhou. Epoxy monomers derived from tung oil fatty acids and its

Dutta, Indranath

497

Peer Review Summary Document (12/4/2013)  

E-print Network

needed to obtain food items equal or greater in caloric value or less effort but lower caloric value the reviewers were favorable. A few criteria were ranked as needing minor revisions, all others were adequate to other resources reduces caloric intake per unit of effort, which either is a results of more effort

Torgersen, Christian

498

Peer Review Plan Date: 4/18/2014  

E-print Network

and Sage-Grouse­A Strategic Multi-Scale Approach. Subject and Purpose: This report provides a brief review control and management, and restoration activities to enhance Greater Sage-Grouse habitat. It discusses for Greater Sage-Grouse; and invasive annual grasses effect on sage-grouse populations--can be used

Torgersen, Christian

499

Peer Reviewed Equipment and Techniques for Nocturnal Wildlife  

E-print Network

on the nocturnal behavior of wildlife. Night-vision technologies may provide ways to move beyond speculation reviewed 53 papers to examine image enhancement (i.e., night vision) and assess trends in nocturnal.) to evaluate equipment function and efficacy for wildlife studies. A third-generation night- vision scope

DeStefano, Stephen

500

Peer Review of a Formal Verification/Design Proof Methodology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The role of formal verification techniques in system validation was examined. The value and the state of the art of performance proving for fault-tolerant compuers were assessed. The investigation, development, and evaluation of performance proving tools were reviewed. The technical issues related to proof methodologies are examined. The technical issues discussed are summarized.

1983-01-01