Sample records for peer reviewed journal

  1. Ethical Issues in Journal Peer-review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Angelo Corlett

    2005-01-01

    In some recent articles, Dr. Leigh Turner [Doffing the Mask: Why Manuscript Reviewers Ought to Be Identifiable,” Journal of Academic Ethics, 1 (2003), pp. 41–48; “Promoting F.A.I.T.H. in Peer Review: Five Core Attributes in Effective Peer Review,” Journal of Academic Ethics, 1 (2003), pp. 181–188.] makes some rather critical observations regarding the processes of peer-review in academic journals. I shall

  2. Medical journal peer review: process and bias.

    PubMed

    Manchikanti, Laxmaiah; Kaye, Alan D; Boswell, Mark V; Hirsch, Joshua A

    2015-01-01

    Scientific peer review is pivotal in health care research in that it facilitates the evaluation of findings for competence, significance, and originality by qualified experts. While the origins of peer review can be traced to the societies of the eighteenth century, it became an institutionalized part of the scholarly process in the latter half of the twentieth century. This was a response to the growth of research and greater subject specialization. With the current increase in the number of specialty journals, the peer review process continues to evolve to meet the needs of patients, clinicians, and policy makers. The peer review process itself faces challenges. Unblinded peer review might suffer from positive or negative bias towards certain authors, specialties, and institutions. Peer review can also suffer when editors and/or reviewers might be unable to understand the contents of the submitted manuscript. This can result in an inability to detect major flaws, or revelations of major flaws after acceptance of publication by the editors. Other concerns include potentially long delays in publication and challenges uncovering plagiarism, duplication, corruption and scientific misconduct. Conversely, a multitude of these challenges have led to claims of scientific misconduct and an erosion of faith. These challenges have invited criticism of the peer review process itself. However, despite its imperfections, the peer review process enjoys widespread support in the scientific community. Peer review bias is one of the major focuses of today's scientific assessment of the literature. Various types of peer review bias include content-based bias, confirmation bias, bias due to conservatism, bias against interdisciplinary research, publication bias, and the bias of conflicts of interest. Consequently, peer review would benefit from various changes and improvements with appropriate training of reviewers to provide quality reviews to maintain the quality and integrity of research without bias. Thus, an appropriate, transparent peer review is not only ideal, but necessary for the future to facilitate scientific progress. PMID:25675064

  3. Open peer review at four STEM journals: an observational overview.

    PubMed

    Ford, Emily

    2015-01-01

    Open peer review, peer review where authors' and reviewers' identities are disclosed to one another, is a growing trend in scholarly publishing. Through observation of four journals in STEM disciplines, PLoS One, Atmospheric Chemistry & Physics, PeerJ, and F1000Research, an observational overview is conducted. The overview relies on defined characteristics of open peer review. Results show that despite differing open peer review implementations, each journal retains editorial involvement in scholarly publishing. Further, the analysis shows that only one of these implementations is fully transparent in its peer review and decision making process. Finally, the overview contends that journals should clearly outline peer review and editorial processes in order to allow for open peer review to be better understood and adopted by authors, reviewers, editors, and readers of science communications. PMID:25767695

  4. Open peer review at four STEM journals: an observational overview

    PubMed Central

    Ford, Emily

    2015-01-01

    Open peer review, peer review where authors' and reviewers' identities are disclosed to one another, is a growing trend in scholarly publishing. Through observation of four journals in STEM disciplines, PLoS One, Atmospheric Chemistry & Physics, PeerJ, and F1000Research, an observational overview is conducted. The overview relies on defined characteristics of open peer review. Results show that despite differing open peer review implementations, each journal retains editorial involvement in scholarly publishing. Further, the analysis shows that only one of these implementations is fully transparent in its peer review and decision making process. Finally, the overview contends that journals should clearly outline peer review and editorial processes in order to allow for open peer review to be better understood and adopted by authors, reviewers, editors, and readers of science communications. PMID:25767695

  5. Journals, repositories, peer review, non-peer review, and the future of scholarly communication

    E-print Network

    Wood, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Peer reviewed journals are a key part of the system by which academic knowledge is developed and communicated. Problems have often been noted, and alternatives proposed, but the journal system still survives. In this article I focus on problems relating to reliance on subject-specific journals and peer review. Contrary to what is often assumed, there are alternatives to the current system, some of which have only becoming viable since the rise of the world wide web. The market for academic ideas should be opened up by separating the publication service from the review service: the former would ideally be served by an open access, web-based repository system encompassing all disciplines, whereas the latter should be opened up to encourage non-peer reviews from different perspectives, user reviews, statistics reviews, reviews from the perspective of different disciplines, and so on. The possibility of multiple reviews of the same artefact should encourage competition between reviewing organizations and should m...

  6. Accelerated Peer-Review Journal Usage Technique for Undergraduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallace, J. D.

    2008-01-01

    The internet has given undergraduate students ever-increasing access to academic journals via search engines and online databases. However, students typically do not have the ability to use these journals effectively. This often poses a dilemma for instructors. The accelerated peer-review journal usage (APJU) technique provides a way for…

  7. Periodicals Contact Economic Systems is a peer-reviewed journal

    E-print Network

    Schubart, Christoph

    trends in German and international research. SĂĽdosteuropa is the current affairs journal of the Institute in three languages: German, English and French. The journal is internationally recognized as a leading-Forschungen is an international peer- reviewed journal of history, culture and regional studies of Southeastern Europe

  8. A. Stegner Publication List Peer review papers in international journals

    E-print Network

    Stegner Alexandre

    A. Stegner Publication List Peer review papers in international journals: 1 - A.Aouidef, C and the experimental reality" J. Fluid Mech. V.502, 335-360 (2004). 10 - G. Rousseau, H. Yoshikawa, A.Stegner, J

  9. Peer reviews and the role of a journal editor

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Obtaining peer reviews for manuscripts submitted to scientific journals is becoming increasingly difficult. Changes to the system are necessary, and editors must cultivate and maintain a solid base of reviewers to help evaluate journal submissions. This article outlines some steps editors can and sh...

  10. Consistency between Peer Reviewers for a Clinical Specialty Journal.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cullen, David J.; Macaulay, Anne

    1992-01-01

    Analysis of reliability among peer reviews of 422 unsolicited articles for the "Journal of Clinical Anesthesia" found that most articles' reviews were consistent or near consistent. However, articles reviewed by two of the editorial board members were much less likely to be accepted than those read by two nonmembers. (Author/MSE)

  11. Thank you to Virology Journal’s peer reviewers in 2012

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Contributing reviewers The editors of Virology Journal would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 9 (2012). The success of any scientific journal depends on an effective and strict peer review process and Virology Journal could not operate without your contribution. We look forward to your continuous support to this journal either as an invited reviewer or a contributing author in the years to come.

  12. A new age of peer reviewed scientific journals

    PubMed Central

    Adler, John R.

    2012-01-01

    The principles of peer reviewed scientific publications date back two and one-half centuries to the origins of Medical Essays and Observations published by the Royal Society of Edinburgh (1731). This year (2012) is notable in that perhaps the most prestigious and best-known medical journal, the New England Journal of Medicine, crossed the second century mark. The methodologies of peer review have undeniably served medicine well and helped to usher in unimaginable advances in human health. Despite such illustrious history, the winds of change are in the air. PMID:23230526

  13. Are Peer Reviewers Encouraged to Use Reporting Guidelines? A Survey of 116 Health Research Journals

    E-print Network

    Are Peer Reviewers Encouraged to Use Reporting Guidelines? A Survey of 116 Health Research Journals of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom Abstract Background: Pre-publication peer review of manuscripts should prepare better manuscripts may help peer reviewers in assessing them. We examined journals' instructions

  14. The Validity of Peer Review in a General Medicine Journal

    PubMed Central

    Jackson, Jeffrey L.; Srinivasan, Malathi; Rea, Joanna; Fletcher, Kathlyn E.; Kravitz, Richard L.

    2011-01-01

    All the opinions in this article are those of the authors and should not be construed to reflect, in any way, those of the Department of Veterans Affairs. Background Our study purpose was to assess the predictive validity of reviewer quality ratings and editorial decisions in a general medicine journal. Methods Submissions to the Journal of General Internal Medicine (JGIM) between July 2004 and June 2005 were included. We abstracted JGIM peer review quality ratings, verified the publication status of all articles and calculated an impact factor for published articles (Rw) by dividing the 3-year citation rate by the average for this group of papers; an Rw>1 indicates a greater than average impact. Results Of 507 submissions, 128 (25%) were published in JGIM, 331 rejected (128 with review) and 48 were either not resubmitted after revision was requested or were withdrawn by the author. Of 331 rejections, 243 were published elsewhere. Articles published in JGIM had a higher citation rate than those published elsewhere (Rw: 1.6 vs. 1.1, p?=?0.002). Reviewer quality ratings of article quality had good internal consistency and reviewer recommendations markedly influenced publication decisions. There was no quality rating cutpoint that accurately distinguished high from low impact articles. There was a stepwise increase in Rw for articles rejected without review, rejected after review or accepted by JGIM (Rw 0.60 vs. 0.87 vs. 1.56, p<0.0005). However, there was low agreement between reviewers for quality ratings and publication recommendations. The editorial publication decision accurately discriminated high and low impact articles in 68% of submissions. We found evidence of better accuracy with a greater number of reviewers. Conclusions The peer review process largely succeeds in selecting high impact articles and dispatching lower impact ones, but the process is far from perfect. While the inter-rater reliability between individual reviewers is low, the accuracy of sorting is improved with a greater number of reviewers. PMID:21799867

  15. Writing and Publishing a Research Paper in a Peer-Reviewed Journal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Stephen R.

    2007-01-01

    Writing and publishing a research paper in a peer-reviewed journal is a complicated process. This paper tries to take some of the mystery out of that process by describing how a good research paper should be structured, and how the journal submission process works.

  16. Peer review for journals: Evidence on quality control, fairness, and innovation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Scott Armstrong

    1997-01-01

    This paper reviews the published empirical evidence concerning journal peer review consisting of 68 papers, all but three\\u000a published since 1975. Peer review improves quality, but its use to screen papers has met with limited success. Current procedures\\u000a to assure quality and fairness seem to discourage scientific advancement, especially important innovations, because findings\\u000a that conflict with current beliefs are often

  17. Peer Review Summary (5/13/2014)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Summary (5/13/2014) Peer Review Plan http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review, by Peter C. Van Metre and Barbara J. Mahler. Peer Reviewers' Expertise and Credentials Reviewer #1. Reviewers #2-5: Are four anonymous peer reviewers chosen by the scientific journal Environmental Science

  18. Peer review statement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2014-11-01

    All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

  19. Peer review statement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2015-03-01

    All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

  20. Peer Review Summary Document Peer Review Plan

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Summary Document (1/9/2012) Peer Review Plan http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review of Hawai`i Economic Research Organization). Peer Reviewers Expertise and Credentials Peer Reviewer #1 ­ Ph of terrestrial ecosystems in Hawaii and Pacific islands. Peer Reviewer #2 ­ Ph.D. in Botany, Emeritus Professor

  1. Peer Review

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Laura Guertin

    Created by Laura Guertin, Pennsylvania State University Brandywine "For generations, the academic community has relied on peer review as a way of enhancing the knowledge base and encouraging serious ...

  2. Peer Review Summary Document Peer Review Plan

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Summary Document (12/11/13) Peer Review Plan http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review.S. Dalyander, J.W. Long, N.G. Plant, and D.M. Thompson. Peer Reviewers Expertise and Credentials Reviewer #1 of sediment during and after storms. Peer Reviewer #1 has also conducted research into the behavior of oil

  3. Publications on the Developing World (excluding Latin America) Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

    E-print Network

    Lopez-Carr, David

    Publications on the Developing World (excluding Latin America) Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles. Bremner, J., D. López-Carr, L. Suter, J. Davis (2010). Population, Poverty, Environment, and Climate and the environment in developing countries. In Synergies? Agricultural Intensification, Economic Development

  4. Conflict of Interest and Disclosure Policies in Psychiatry and Medicine: A Comparative Study of Peer-Reviewed Journals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khurana, Gauri; Henderson, Schuyler; Walter, Garry; Martin, Andres

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The authors reviewed and characterized conflict of interest (COI) and disclosure policies published in peer-reviewed psychiatric and nonpsychiatric journals. Methods: The authors examined peer-reviewed publications in the psychiatric (N=20) and nonpsychiatric (N=20) literature. Using qualitative and quantitative approaches, they…

  5. Peer review statement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2014-12-01

    All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

  6. Peer review statement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2014-11-01

    All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

  7. Peer review statement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2015-02-01

    All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

  8. Peer review statement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2014-12-01

    All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

  9. Peer review statement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2015-01-01

    All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

  10. Peer review statement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2015-02-01

    All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

  11. Peer review statement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2015-01-01

    All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

  12. Peer Review at the American Journal of Roentgenology : How Reviewer and Manuscript Characteristics Affected Editorial Decisions on 196 Major Papers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark A. Kliewer; David M. DeLong; Kelly Freed; Charles B. Jenkins; Erik K. Paulson; James M. Provenzale

    OBJECTIVE. The objective of this study was to examine the relative influence of manu- script characteristics and peer-reviewer attributes in the assessment of manuscripts. MATERIALS AND METHODS . Over a 6-month period, all major papers submitted to the American Journal of Roentgenology ( AJR ) were entered into a database that recorded manuscript characteristics, demographic profiles of reviewers, and the

  13. Advancing Kinesiology through Improved Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knudson, Duane V.; Morrow, James R., Jr.; Thomas, Jerry R.

    2014-01-01

    Peer review of scholarship is essential to journal quality, evidence, knowledge advancement, and application of that knowledge in any field. This commentary summarizes recent literature on issues related to peer-review quality and current review practice in kinesiology and provides recommendations to improve peer review in kinesiology journals. We…

  14. Peer-review and publication of research protocols and proposals: a role for open access journals.

    PubMed

    Eysenbach, Gunther

    2004-09-30

    Peer-review and publication of research protocols offer several advantages to all parties involved. Among these are the following opportunities for authors: external expert opinion on the methods, demonstration to funding agencies of prior expert review of the protocol, proof of priority of ideas and methods, and solicitation of potential collaborators. We think that review and publication of protocols is an important role for Open Access journals. Because of their electronic form, openness for readers, and author-pays business model, they are better suited than traditional journals to ensure the sustainability and quality of protocol reviews and publications. In this editorial, we describe the workflow for investigators in eHealth research, from protocol submission to a funding agency, to protocol review and (optionally) publication at JMIR, to registration of trials at the International eHealth Study Registry (IESR), and to publication of the report. One innovation at JMIR is that protocol peer reviewers will be paid a honorarium, which will be drawn partly from a new submission fee for protocol reviews. Separating the article processing fee into a submission and a publishing fee will allow authors to opt for "peer-review only" (without subsequent publication) at reduced costs, if they wish to await a funding decision or for other reasons decide not to make the protocol public. PMID:15471763

  15. Thanking our peer reviewers

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Contributing reviewers As 2013 commences I would like to take a moment to reflect and recognize the peer reviewers that made the previous year possible. Listed below are those people who reviewed for Molecular Cancer last year. All are generous individuals who donated their time to assessing and improving our authors’ submissions. Your combined efforts have been invaluable to the editorial staff in maintaining the continued success of the journal in the Open Access forum. The editors of Molecular Cancer would like to thank all the reviewers who contributed to the journal in Volume 11 (2012) by participating in the review process - taking time out of your busy schedules and even to volunteer - without your critical insights, hard work and support for the journal we wouldn’t be able to do what we do.

  16. Calibrated Peer Review

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    What is Calibrated Peer ReviewTM? Calibrated Peer ReviewTM (CPR) (more info) is a web-based writing and peer review tool free to instructors and their classes. Students write short essays on a given topic following ...

  17. Denis White ~ Publications PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES

    E-print Network

    Jenny, Bernhard

    . A simplified ecological footprint at a regional scale. Journal of Environmental Management 111:279-286. White D, Rashleigh B. 2012. Effects of stream topology on ecological community results from neutral models. Ecological Modelling 231:20­24. [PDF 120 KB] Bolte J, McKane R, Phillips D, Schumaker N, White D, Brookes A

  18. Peer Review Marek J. Druzdzel

    E-print Network

    Brusilovsky, Peter

    Peer Review Marek J. Druzdzel with minor additions from Peter Brusilovsky University of Pittsburgh://www.pitt.edu/~druzdzel Peer Review Peer Review Overview · Peer review · How to do it well? · Concluding remarks #12;Peer Review Peer review Peer review is used in: 1.Publishing research results 2.Awarding of funding

  19. Peer Review Plan Date: 1/31/2012

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Plan Date: 1/31/2012 Source Center: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Pacific Island://manoa.hawaii.edu/hpicesu/techr/177/default.htm) and is now being submitted to an outside peer-reviewed journal for publication. The manuscript will now be submitted to a journal, the suggestions of peer reviewers selected by the journal

  20. Student Peer Review Decisions on Submitted Manuscripts Are as Stringent as Faculty Peer Reviewers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Navalta, James W.; Lyons, T. Scott

    2010-01-01

    The "International Journal of Exercise Science" is the only student-centered peer-reviewed journal in its field. Upon graduate student first author submissions, two student reviewers and one faculty reviewer are asked to review. On professionally submitted papers, two faculty peers are asked to assess the manuscript. The purpose of the present…

  1. Peer review guidance: how do you write a good review?

    PubMed

    Allen, Thomas Wesley

    2013-12-01

    Peer review is essential to the quality of scientific publications. As the volume of submissions to these journals increases, the need for an expanding cadre of trained reviewers also increases. Many reviewers do not receive formal training on conducting a peer review or education on the peer review process, however. The author presents an overview of the peer review process and provides guidance for conducting high-quality reviews of manuscripts submitted to The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association and other scientific journals. PMID:24285034

  2. Peer Review Summary Document Peer Review Plan

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    storms. Peer Reviewer #1's research has been funded primarily by the Office of Naval Research, the U. Charge Submitted to Peer Reviewers The reviewers were asked to make an objective evaluation section regarding a proposed hypothesis on why SRBs might not be found during storm events, and also made

  3. The Usefulness of Peer Review for Selecting Manuscripts for Publication: A Utility Analysis Taking as an Example a High-Impact Journal

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lutz Bornmann; Hans-Dieter Daniel; Joel M. Schnur

    2010-01-01

    BackgroundHigh predictive validity – that is, a strong association between the outcome of peer review (usually, reviewers' ratings) and the scientific quality of a manuscript submitted to a journal (measured as citations of the later published paper) – does not as a rule suffice to demonstrate the usefulness of peer review for the selection of manuscripts. To assess usefulness, it

  4. The "Peer" in "Peer Review"

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Perry, Gad; Bertoluci, Jaime; Bury, Bruce; Hansen, Robert W.; Jehle, Robert; Measey, John; Moon, Brad R.; Muths, Erin; Zuffi, Marco A.L.

    2011-01-01

    Peer review is the best available mechanism for assessing and improving the quality of scientific work. As herpetology broadens its disciplinary and geographic boundaries, high-quality external review is ever more essential. We are writing this editorial jointly because the review process has become increasingly difficult. The resulting delays slow publication times, negatively affect performance reviews, tenure, promotions, and grant proposal success. It harms authors, agencies, and institutions (Ware 2011).

  5. Evaluative Language in Peer Review Referee Reports

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fortanet, Inmaculada

    2008-01-01

    Most international journals and conferences currently use the peer review system to ensure the quality of their contributions. Among the various types of peer review, the "blind" and the "anonymous" review seem to be the most common. Reviewers, or referees, usually write reports anonymously to indicate to authors what they should change in their…

  6. NASA Product Peer Review Process

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jenks, Ken

    2009-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation describes NASA's product peer review process. The contents include: 1) Inspection/Peer Review at NASA; 2) Reasons for product peer reviews; 3) Different types of peer reviews; and 4) NASA requirements for peer reviews. This presentation also includes a demonstration of an actual product peer review.

  7. American Journal of Public Health | Supplement 1, 2010, Vol. 100, No. S1S56 | Public Health Then and Now | Peer Reviewed | Wilson PUBLIC HEALTH THEN AND NOW

    E-print Network

    Martinez, Tony R.

    Then and Now | Peer Reviewed | Wilson PUBLIC HEALTH THEN AND NOW THE UNION ARMY PENSION system was the nation the war, as Black soldiers who were sick and injured were much less likely to be hospitalized, which left, Vol. 100, No. S1 | American Journal of Public Health Wilson | Peer Reviewed | Public Health

  8. Systematic review of the effectiveness of training programs in writing for scholarly publication, journal editing, and manuscript peer review (protocol)

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background An estimated $100 billion is lost to ‘waste’ in biomedical research globally, annually, much of which comes from the poor quality of published research. One area of waste involves bias in reporting research, which compromises the usability of published reports. In response, there has been an upsurge in interest and research in the scientific process of writing, editing, peer reviewing, and publishing (that is, journalology) of biomedical research. One reason for bias in reporting and the problem of unusable reports could be due to authors lacking knowledge or engaging in questionable practices while designing, conducting, or reporting their research. Another might be that the peer review process for journal publication has serious flaws, including possibly being ineffective, and having poorly trained and poorly motivated reviewers. Similarly, many journal editors have limited knowledge related to publication ethics. This can ultimately have a negative impact on the healthcare system. There have been repeated calls for better, more numerous training opportunities in writing for publication, peer review, and publishing. However, little research has taken stock of journalology training opportunities or evaluations of their effectiveness. Methods We will conduct a systematic review to synthesize studies that evaluate the effectiveness of training programs in journalology. A comprehensive three-phase search approach will be employed to identify evaluations of training opportunities, involving: 1) forward-searching using the Scopus citation database, 2) a search of the MEDLINE In-Process and Non-Indexed Citations, MEDLINE, Embase, ERIC, and PsycINFO databases, as well as the databases of the Cochrane Library, and 3) a grey literature search. Discussion This project aims to provide evidence to help guide the journalological training of authors, peer reviewers, and editors. While there is ample evidence that many members of these groups are not getting the necessary training needed to excel at their respective journalology-related tasks, little is known about the characteristics of existing training opportunities, including their effectiveness. The proposed systematic review will provide evidence regarding the effectiveness of training, therefore giving potential trainees, course designers, and decision-makers evidence to help inform their choices and policies regarding the merits of specific training opportunities or types of training. PMID:23773340

  9. Peer Review: a Precursor to Peer Assessment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Keith Pond; Winnie Wade

    1995-01-01

    This paper describes a two?year observation of peer review among first year undergraduates at Loughborough University of Technology. Peer review focuses on the learning benefits of small group work and the development of critical skills among students as a precursor to peer assessment of tutorial contributions. The paper outlines the methodology, design and pitfalls of the peer review process and

  10. Learning effects of thematic peer-review: A qualitative analysis of reflective journals on spiritual care

    Microsoft Academic Search

    René van Leeuwen; Lucas J. Tiesinga; Henk Jochemsen; Doeke Post

    2009-01-01

    This study describes the learning effects of thematic peer-review discussion groups (Hendriksen, 2000. Begeleid intervisie model, Collegiale advisering en probleemoplossing, Nelissen, Baarn.) on developing nursing students’ competence in providing spiritual care. It also discusses the factors that might influence the learning process. The method of peer-review is a form of reflective learning based on the theory of experiential learning (Kolb,

  11. Fake Peer Reviews, the Latest Form of Scientific Fraud, Fool Journals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fischman, Josh

    2012-01-01

    This article reports on how some scientists impersonate outside reviewers for journals and give high marks to their own manuscripts. Scientists appear to have figured out a new way to avoid any bad prepublication reviews that dissuade journals from publishing their articles: Write positive reviews themselves, under other people's names. In…

  12. Peer Review Groups Peer Review Forms due: Tuesday, December 2

    E-print Network

    Glaz, Sarah

    MATH 2720W Fall 2014 Sarah Glaz Peer Review Groups Peer Review Forms due: Tuesday, December 2, peer review comments for each paper assigned to you need to be done on the Peer-Review forms. A Word file of the Peer-Review form may be downloaded from the course's webpage. We will work-shop the drafts

  13. ForPeerReview Biosorption, metals

    E-print Network

    Volesky, Bohumil

    ForPeerReview Biosorption, metals Journal: Wiley Encyclopedia of Industrial Biotechnology, Equilibrium and Dynamics John Wiley & Sons 2t-S-1Ed-D-P #12;ForPeerReview 1 Biosorption, Metals G. NAJA, Mc .....................................................6 5.FACTORS AFFECTING HEAVY METAL BIOSORPTION ......................................6 5.1.p

  14. Involving students in peer review

    E-print Network

    Pearce, Jon

    Involving students in peer review Case studies and practical strategies for university teaching Jon......................................................................................................................................................2 1. WHAT IS STUDENT PEER REVIEW? A CONCISE REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE....................3 BENEFITS OF PEER REVIEW

  15. Maria Gageonea Peer Review Groups

    E-print Network

    Lozano-Robledo, Alvaro

    MATH 2720W Fall 2014 Maria Gageonea Peer Review Groups Peer Review Forms due: Wed, December 3 proposal on November 19. Regardless of the mode of draft-sharing your group decided on, peer review comments for each paper assigned to you need to be done on the Peer-Review forms. A Word file of the Peer-Review

  16. Peer Review Plan Date: 5/8/2014

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Plan Date: 5/8/2014 Source Center: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Texas Water Science: Peer Review (http://www.usgs.gov/usgs- manual/500/502-3.html). Editorial staff at ES&T will select reviewers for the journal following their anonymous peer review process. Expected Number of Reviewers: Five

  17. Human-Wildlife Interactions HumanWildlife Interactions (ISSN 2155-3858) is a peer-reviewed journal published two times a year by the

    E-print Network

    Human-Wildlife Interactions Human­Wildlife Interactions (ISSN 2155-3858) is a peer-reviewed journal is available at www.BerrymanInstitute. org. Prior to 2010, the journal was named Human­Wildlife Conflicts. ©2012 Jack H. Berryman Institute. Material appearing in Human­Wildlife Interactions may

  18. ForPeerReview Reduced order borehole induction modelling

    E-print Network

    Navon, Michael

    ForPeerReview Only Reduced order borehole induction modelling Journal: Journal of Electromagnetic://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jemwa Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications #12;ForPeerReview Only Reduced order borehole induction order model, numerical simulation, Maxwell equations, array induction tool URL: http

  19. Calibrated Peer Review

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Calibrated Peer Review

    This site presents a paper-writing and peer review tool that is available free to educators and students. Calibrated Peer Review is a Web-based program that enables frequent writing assignments even in large classes with limited instructional resources. The program is discipline and level independent.

  20. Training for Peer Review

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Nancy R. Gough (American Association for the Advancement of Science; Science Signaling REV)

    2009-08-25

    Learning the peer-review process by trial and error may not be the most effective way to train the next generation of scientists in how to be effective reviewers. Here are some suggestions from an editor's perspective.

  1. Journals See the Internet as a Tool in the Peer-Review System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guernsey, Lisa; Kiernan, Vincent

    1999-01-01

    Instead of mailing photocopies of proposed scholarly journal articles to reviewers, some editors are using electronic mail or the Internet to disseminate articles to other scholars to be critiqued. They are then returned electronically to the editors. However, most journals have not yet begun this process due to lack of reliable software or…

  2. Final Independent External Peer Review Report Independent External Peer Review (IEPR),

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Final Independent External Peer Review Report Independent External Peer Review (IEPR), Delta Independent External Peer Review Report Independent External Peer Review (IEPR), Delta Islands and Levees External Peer Review Report Independent External Peer Review (IEPR), Delta Islands and Levees Feasibility

  3. How to Survive Peer Review How to Survive

    E-print Network

    Hall, Spencer

    proposals 35 5 Professional peer review 37 Principles of peer reviewing another person's performance 37 to get a grant, have your research published in a journal or presented at a conference, or want for the term "peer review" you will discover articles on professional appraisal, especially in relation

  4. Issues in Peer Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sawamura, Mark H.

    2001-01-01

    Based on concerns raised at a workshop at the Southern California College of Optometry, addresses critical issues in the process of peer review of faculty teaching and possible alternatives to these issues as applied to an optometric institution. (EV)

  5. A Journal of Ideas, Institutions, and Culture The only peer-reviewed academic journal exclusively

    E-print Network

    Mateo, Jill M.

    ;AbouttheEditor One of America's most eminent scholars of American political thought and constitutional: (574) 631-5215 Fax: (574) 631-3103 E-mail: aptj@nd.edu "A splendid idea for a new journal and one ideological and religious views have shown that American politics cannot be understood without grasping

  6. Paolo Cherubini's PUBLICATIONS: RESEARCH PAPERS IN PEER-REVIEWED JOURNALS OR BOOKS -ISI journals are bold

    E-print Network

    of the European Communities - European Science Foundation, Elsevier Science Publishers, London and New York, 999 in a subalpine spruce forest in the Alps: a dendroecological reconstruction. Canadian Journal of Forest Research in a subalpine spruce forest in the Alps. In: J.S. Dean, D.M. Meko, T.W. Swetnam (eds.), Tree Rings, Environment

  7. What is it? The Process Reviewing How-To The Peer Review Process

    E-print Network

    Stockie, John

    What is it? The Process Reviewing How-To The Peer Review Process John Stockie CFD Group Meeting. This paper will go through a peer review process. Once published, you will eventually be asked to review is Peer Review? 2 The Process 3 Reviewing How-To Academic Journal Publishing John Stockie ­ SFU 3/20 #12

  8. Step 3: Peer Review

    Cancer.gov

    After you develop and submit your grant application and the Center for Scientific Review (CSR) and NCI receive and assign it, it will undergo the NIH Peer Review process to ensure that your application receives fair, independent, expert, and timely review so that the most promising research may be funded.

  9. CARD No. 27 Peer Review

    E-print Network

    CARD No. 27 Peer Review 27.A.1 BACKGROUND The Compliance Criteria require DOE to conduct peer Certification Application (CCA) (61 FR 5228). EPA imposed specific requirements for the conduct of peer review. These requirements are intended to ensure that EPA can be satisfied that the peer review processes at WIPP

  10. January 2009 Peer Review Enhancements

    E-print Network

    Bandettini, Peter A.

    January 2009 Peer Review Enhancements: Info for Reviewers At-A-Glance Changes for NIH Fiscal Year 2010 The NIH is implementing a number of changes to the peer review process, beginning reviewers prepare for the next round of peer review meetings (~May/June 2009). More specific information

  11. AVIAN/WIND STATISTICAL PEER REVIEW PROJECT

    E-print Network

    AVIAN/WIND STATISTICAL PEER REVIEW PROJECT Prepared for: California Energy Commission Prepared by............................................................................................................................................ 1 SELECTION OF PEER REVIEW TEAMS .............................................................................................................................. 2 TECHNICAL EXPERTISE OF PEER REVIEW TEAMS

  12. The Potential of Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Susan Moore; Fiarman, Sarah E.

    2012-01-01

    Peer review of teachers is controversial for several reasons. Some say peer reviewers encroach on the rightful domain of the principal as instructional leader. Others argue that, because peer evaluators are fellow teachers, they may be biased or unwilling to make hard decisions. Many teachers find the prospect of peer evaluation unsettling because…

  13. A comparison of reports from referees chosen by authors or journal editors in the peer review process.

    PubMed

    Earnshaw, J J; Farndon, J R; Guillou, P J; Johnson, C D; Murie, J A; Murray, G D

    2000-04-01

    The aim was to analyse the peer review process by comparing reports produced by referees selected by journal editors, with those of referees selected by the authors of a scientific manuscript. Some 104 consecutive papers from the UK submitted to the British Journal of Surgery (BJS) were included. Of these, 102 were reviewed blind both by referees chosen by the journal editors, and referees chosen by the paper's principal author. Manuscripts were marked using a standard sheet for four basic aspects: originality, clinical/scientific importance, clarity and analysis; a final overall recommendation about possible publication was given. The time taken and the number of completed referee reports were similar in each group. Referees chosen by the BJS editors were more critical (scored higher) of the submitted articles. Mean scores for all domains were higher than for authors' referees, significantly for scientific importance (p = 0.009) and decision to publish (p = 0.029). In conclusion, reports produced by referees selected by BJS editors were more critical than those chosen by authors of the papers. Authors might argue that this reduced their chance of publication but constructive criticism might improve the final article and assist editors to make decisions about acceptance or rejection. PMID:10889776

  14. UNIVERSITY OF NCURA PEER REVIEW

    E-print Network

    Vonessen, Nikolaus

    THE UNIVERSITY OF MONTANA NCURA PEER REVIEW FINAL REPORT FEBRUARY 23, 2012 N a t i o n a l C o u n the charge to the reviewers and the approach utilized during the peer review. The section on National followed by a set of recommendations and rationale for the recommendation being made. #12;NCURA Peer Review

  15. o'Peer: open peer review

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brewer, J. H.

    2014-12-01

    I have built a "demonstration" website at http://oPeer.org to illustrate how peer review and publication might be improved relative to the current model, which was designed and implemented in an era when scientific communication was either face-to-face or relied upon human delivery of ink marks on dead trees.

  16. MELCOR Peer Review

    SciTech Connect

    Boyack, B.E. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Dhir, V.K. [Santa Monica, CA. (United States); Gieseke, J.A. [Battelle, Columbus, OH (United States); Haste, T.J. [AEA Technology, Winfrith (United Kingdom); Kenton, M.A. [Gabor, Kenton and Associates, Inc., Westmont, IL (United States); Khatib-Rahbar, M. [Energy Research, Inc., Rockville, MD (United States); Leonard, M.T. [Science Applications International Corp., Wolfheze (Netherlands); Viskanta, R. [Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN (United States). Heat Transfer Lab.

    1992-03-01

    MELCOR is a fully integrated, engineering-level computer code that models the progression of severe accidents in light water reactor nuclear power plants. The newest version of MELCOR is Version 1.8.1, July 1991. MELCOR development has reached the point that the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission sponsored a broad technical review by recognized experts to determine or confirm the technical adequacy of the code for the serious and complex analyses it is expected to perform. For this purpose, an eight-member MELCOR Peer Review Committee was organized. The Committee has completed its review of the MELCOR code: the review process and findings of the MELCOR Peer Review Committee are documented in this report. The Committee has determined that recommendations in five areas are appropriate: (1) MELCOR numerics, (2) models missing from MELCOR Version 1.8.1, (3) existing MELCOR models needing revision, (4) the need for expanded MELCOR assessment, and (5) documentation.

  17. Approaching Authentic Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graff, Nelson

    2009-01-01

    Some scholars writing about improving students' reading and integrating reading and writing instruction suggest using think-aloud techniques to teach students reading comprehension skills. Using think-alouds to teach reading comprehension and then the read-aloud protocol technique (which is based on think-alouds) for peer review has two major…

  18. The Usefulness of Peer Review for Selecting Manuscripts for Publication: A Utility Analysis Taking as an Example a High-Impact Journal

    PubMed Central

    Bornmann, Lutz; Daniel, Hans-Dieter

    2010-01-01

    Background High predictive validity – that is, a strong association between the outcome of peer review (usually, reviewers' ratings) and the scientific quality of a manuscript submitted to a journal (measured as citations of the later published paper) – does not as a rule suffice to demonstrate the usefulness of peer review for the selection of manuscripts. To assess usefulness, it is important to include in addition the base rate (proportion of submissions that are fundamentally suitable for publication) and the selection rate (the proportion of submissions accepted). Methodology/Principal Findings Taking the example of the high-impact journal Angewandte Chemie International Edition (AC-IE), we present a general approach for determining the usefulness of peer reviews for the selection of manuscripts for publication. The results of our study show that peer review is useful: 78% of the submissions accepted by AC-IE are correctly accepted for publication when the editor's decision is based on one review, 69% of the submissions are correctly accepted for publication when the editor's decision is based on two reviews, and 65% of the submissions are correctly accepted for publication when the editor's decision is based on three reviews. Conclusions/Significance The paper points out through what changes in the selection rate, base rate or validity coefficient a higher success rate (utility) in the AC-IE selection process could be achieved. PMID:20596540

  19. Peer Review in the Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Jianguo; Pysarchik, Dawn Thorndike; Taylor, William W.

    2002-01-01

    Explains the importance of peer assessment in professional life and describes a course using peer review processes to teach modeling in natural resource management. Uses a typical scientific research protocol and assigns students to review peer proposals considering their expertise and area of interest. Presents guidelines for proposal review,…

  20. Do peer-reviewed journal papers result from meeting abstracts of the Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James E Bird; Mary D Bird

    1999-01-01

    Peer-reviewed publication is at the core of scientific communication. However, with the exception of biomedicine, there has\\u000a been little analysis of the rate of peer-reviewed publication resulting from conference abstracts. This study examined a random\\u000a sample of abstracts from the 1989 and 1991 Biennial Conferences on the Biology of Marine Mammals to determine how many were\\u000a published as peer-reviewed papers.

  1. Peer review statement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2010-08-01

    All papers published in this Volume 12 of IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the editors of the 25th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems proceedings, Professor Romeo Susan-Resiga, Dr Sebastian Muntean and Dr Sandor Bernad. Reviews were conducted by expert referees from the Scientific Committee to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing. The members of the Scientific Committee who selected and reviewed the papers included in the Proceedings of the 25th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems are: Anton ANTONTechnical University of Civil Engineering, BucharestRomania François AVELLANEcole Polytechnique Fédérale de LausanneSwitzerland Fidel ARZOLAEDELCAVenezuela Thomas ASCHENBRENNERVoith Hydro Gmb H & Co. KG, HeidenheimGermany Anton BERGANTLitostroj Power d.o.o., LjubljanaSlovenia Gerard BOISENSAM, LilleFrance Hermod BREKKENTNU, TrondheimNorway Stuart COULSON Voith Hydro Inc., YorkUSA Eduard EGUSQUIZAPolytechnical University Catalonia BarcelonaSpain Arpad FAYUniversity of MiskolczHungary Richard FISHERVoith Hydro Inc., York USA Regiane FORTES-PATELLAInstitut Polytechnique de GrenobleFrance Aleksandar GAJICUniversity of BelgradeSerbia Arno GEHRERAndritz Hydro GrazAustria José GONZÁLEZUniversidad de OviedoSpain François GUIBAULTEcole Polytechnique de MontrealCanada Chisachi KATOUniversity of TokyoJapan Kwang-Yong KIMInha University, IncheonKorea Jiri KOUTNIKVoith Hydro Gmb H & Co. KG, HeidenheimGermany Adrian LUNGUDunarea de Jos University of GalatiRomania Christophe NICOLETPower Vision Engineering Sŕrl, LausanneSwitzerland Torbjřm K. NIELSENNTNU, TrodheimNorway Michihiro NISHIKyushu Institute of TechnologyJapan Maryse PAGEHydro Quebec IREQ, VarennesCanada Etienne PARKINSONAndritz Hydro LtdSwitzerland František POCHYLYBrno UniversityCzech Republic Stefan RIEDELBAUCHVoith Hydro Gmb H & Co. KG, HeidenheimGermany Albert RUPRECHTUniversity of StuttgartGermany Michel SABOURINAlstom Hydro Canada Inc.Canada Rudolf SCHILLINGTechnische Universität MünchenGermany Qing-Hua SHIDong Fang Electrical Machinery Co.China Aleš SKOTAKCKD Blansko Engineering, a. s.Czech Republic Romeo F. SUSAN-RESIGAPolitehnica University of TimisoaraRomania Geraldo TIAGO FILHOUniversidade Federal de ItajubaBrazil Yoshinobu TSUJIMOTOOsaka UniversityJapan Bart van ESCHTechnische Universiteit EindhovenNetherland Thi C. VUAndritz Hydro Ltd, QuebecCanada Satoshi WATANABEKyushu University, FukuokaJapan Yulin WUTsinghua University, BeijingChina The reviewing process was organized in several steps. First, the 238 abstracts submitted for the symposium were reviewed, and 197 were accepted, with 30 abstracts having recommendations. Second, the authors have submitted 152 full-length papers, and each paper has been reviewed by two referees. The recommendations have been sent back to the authors, in order to prepare the final form or the paper. Third, 118 papers have been received in final form, accounting for the referees recommendations, to be included in the proceedings and to be presented at the symposium.

  2. Publications and the peer review system

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The peer review process as it relates to scientific publications in entomological journals is facing a number of serious issues that must be addressed. Among those issues are the increasing submissions from international authors writing in English as a second or third language, manuscripts lacking s...

  3. Peer Review: Innovating Change

    PubMed Central

    Salud, Antonio; Shapiro, David; Rampulla, Tom; Reddin, Karen

    2012-01-01

    Medicine has traditionally focused on specialty and subspecialty expertise, which subsequently leads to fragmentation, inefficiencies, and lack of accountability. From this focus came a new idea: The Institute. The Institute has transformed our culture, fundamentally affecting the way we approach patient care and how we foster accountability rather than blame. It focuses on system failures rather than on individual ones, which ultimately drives us to act. The result is a peer-review process built on strong interdisciplinary relationships. PMID:22529765

  4. Student peer review decisions on submitted manuscripts are as stringent as faculty peer reviewers

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2010-10-01

    The International Journal of Exercise Science is the only student-centered peer-reviewed journal in its field. Upon graduate student first author submissions, two student reviewers and one faculty reviewer are asked to review. On professionally submitted papers, two faculty peers are asked to assess the manuscript. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether graduate students returned similar decisions compared with faculty reviewers who evaluated the same manuscript. In addition, decisions of faculty peers reviewing graduate student- versus faculty-submitted manuscripts were compared. Mean comparisons between groups were evaluated using independent t-tests with significance at P ? 0.05. Graduate students (2.21 ± 0.69) and faculty peers (2.24 ± 0.66) returned similar decisions on student-submitted manuscripts (P = 0.84). Faculty decisions on manuscripts submitted by a professional primary author (1.86 ± 0.77) were not different compared with faculty peers reviewing student manuscripts (P = 0.06). Statistics revealed that graduate students are just as stringent in the peer review process as established reviewers. Additionally, faculty reviewers evaluated manuscripts equally regardless of submission type.

  5. 11/13/14, 6:38 PM"Crappy Gabor paper": Overly honest citation slips into peer-reviewed journal Ethology. Page 1 of 7http://www.slate.com/blogs/future_tense/2014/11/11/_crappy_gabor_paper_overly_honest_citation_slips_into_peer_reviewed_journal.html

    E-print Network

    Tomforde, Mark

    Ethology. Page 1 of 7http://www.slate.com/blogs/future_tense/2014/11/11/_crappy_gabor_paper Ethology. Here's the unintentionally candid passage, as highlighted by UC­Davis grad student Dave Harris into peer-reviewed journal Ethology. Page 2 of 7http://www.slate.com/blogs/future_tense/2014/11/11/_crappy

  6. What's with all this peer-review stuff anyway?

    SciTech Connect

    Warner, J. S. (Nuclear Engineering Division)

    2010-01-01

    The Journal of Physical Security was ostensibly started to deal with a perceived lack of peer-reviewed journals related to the field of physical security. In fact, concerns have been expressed that the field of physical security is scarcely a field at all. A typical, well-developed field might include the following: multiple peer-reviewed journals devoted to the subject, rigor and critical thinking, metrics, fundamental principles, models and theories, effective standards and guidelines, R and D conferences, professional societies, certifications, its own academic department (or at least numerous academic experts), widespread granting of degrees in the field from 4-year research universities, mechanisms for easily spotting 'snake oil' products and services, and the practice of professionals organizing to police themselves, provide quality control, and determine best practices. Physical Security seems to come up short in a number of these areas. Many of these attributes are difficult to quantify. This paper seeks to focus on one area that is quantifiable: the number of peer-reviewed journals dedicated to the field of Physical Security. In addition, I want to examine the number of overall periodicals (peer-reviewed and non-peer-reviewed) dedicated to physical security, as well as the number of papers published each year about physical security. These are potentially useful analyses because one can often infer how healthy or active a given field is by its publishing activity. For example, there are 2,754 periodicals dedicated to the (very healthy and active) field of physics. This paper concentrates on trade journal versus peer-reviewed journals. Trade journals typically focus on practice-related topics. A paper appropriate for a trade journal is usually based more on practical experience than rigorous studies or research. Models, theories, or rigorous experimental research results will usually not be included. A trade journal typically targets a specific market in an industry or trade. Such journals are often considered to be news magazines and may contain industry specific advertisements and/or job ads. A peer-reviewed journal, a.k.a 'referred journal', in contrast, contains peer-reviewed papers. A peer-reviewed paper is one that has been vetted by the peer review process. In this process, the paper is typically sent to independent experts for review and consideration. A peer-reviewed paper might cover experimental results, and/or a rigorous study, analyses, research efforts, theory, models, or one of many other scholarly endeavors.

  7. CONTAIN independent peer review

    SciTech Connect

    Boyack, B.E. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Corradini, M.L. [Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Nuclear Engineering Dept.; Denning, R.S. [Battelle Memorial Inst., Columbus, OH (United States); Khatib-Rahbar, M. [Energy Research Inc., Rockville, MD (United States); Loyalka, S.K. [Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States); Smith, P.N. [AEA Technology, Dorchester (United Kingdom). Winfrith Technology Center

    1995-01-01

    The CONTAIN code was developed by Sandia National Laboratories under the sponsorship of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to provide integrated analyses of containment phenomena. It is used to predict nuclear reactor containment loads, radiological source terms, and associated physical phenomena for a range of accident conditions encompassing both design-basis and severe accidents. The code`s targeted applications include support for containment-related experimental programs, light water and advanced light water reactor plant analysis, and analytical support for resolution of specific technical issues such as direct containment heating. The NRC decided that a broad technical review of the code should be performed by technical experts to determine its overall technical adequacy. For this purpose, a six-member CONTAIN Peer Review Committee was organized and a peer review as conducted. While the review was in progress, the NRC issued a draft ``Revised Severe Accident Code Strategy`` that incorporated revised design objectives and targeted applications for the CONTAIN code. The committee continued its effort to develop findings relative to the original NRC statement of design objectives and targeted applications. However, the revised CONTAIN design objectives and targeted applications. However, the revised CONTAIN design objectives and targeted applications were considered by the Committee in assigning priorities to the Committee`s recommendations. The Committee determined some improvements are warranted and provided recommendations in five code-related areas: (1) documentation, (2) user guidance, (3) modeling capability, (4) code assessment, and (5) technical assessment.

  8. ForPeerReview Power Control for Cognitive Radio Networks: Axioms, Algorithm, and

    E-print Network

    Chiang, Mung

    ForPeerReview Power Control for Cognitive Radio Networks: Axioms, Algorithm, and Analysis Journal on Networking #12;ForPeerReview 1 Power Control for Cognitive Radio Networks: Axioms, Algorithm, and Analysis

  9. ForPeerReview Annual Drosophila Research Conference, 2010

    E-print Network

    Singh, Amit

    ForPeerReview Annual Drosophila Research Conference, 2010 Journal: Developmental Dynamics and engineering at Dayton (TREND) Keywords: Drosophila melanogaster, patterning, development, Drosophila eyePeerReview Shop Talk Annual Drosophila Research Conference, 2010 Gerald B. Call1 , Oorvashi Roy Puli2 , Shilpi

  10. ForPeerReview PUBLIC ACCEPTANCE OF OFFSHORE WIND POWER

    E-print Network

    Firestone, Jeremy

    ForPeerReview PUBLIC ACCEPTANCE OF OFFSHORE WIND POWER PROJECTS IN THE UNITED STATES Journal: Wind, Andrew; Minerals Management Service Keywords: offshore wind power, public opinion, social acceptancePeerReview 1 PUBLIC ACCEPTANCE OF OFFSHORE WIND POWER PROJECTS IN THE UNITED STATES Jeremy Firestone*, Willett

  11. 48 CFR 201.170 - Peer Reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Peer Reviews. 201.170 Section 201.170...Authority, Issuance 201.170 Peer Reviews. (a) Acquisitions valued at...teams of reviewers and facilitate Peer Reviews for solicitations and...

  12. Peer review in cardiothoracic radiology.

    PubMed

    Kanne, Jeffrey P

    2014-09-01

    A variety of peer review methods can be used as part of quality assurance and quality improvement in cardiothoracic radiology. Traditionally, peer review in radiology is a retrospective process relying primarily on review of previously interpreted studies at the time of follow-up or additional imaging. However, peer review can be enhanced with other methods such as double reads, focused practice review, practice audit, and correlation with operative and pathologic findings. Furthermore, feedback from referring physicians can be extremely useful in improving the quality of a radiology practice. This article discusses peer review in radiology with a focus on cardiothoracic imaging. Types of peer review, advantages and shortcomings, and future challenges are addressed. PMID:25160595

  13. An analysis of abstracts presented to the College on Problems of Drug Dependence meeting and subsequent publication in peer review journals

    PubMed Central

    Valderrama-Zurián, Juan Carlos; Bolańos-Pizarro, Máxima; Bueno-Cańigral, Francisco Jesús; Álvarez, F Javier; Ontalba-Ruipérez, José Antonio; Aleixandre-Benavent, Rafael

    2009-01-01

    Background Subsequent publication rate of abstracts presented at meetings is seen as an indicator of the interest and quality of the meeting. We have analyzed characteristics and rate publication in peer-reviewed journals derived from oral communications and posters presented at the 1999 College on Problems of Drug Dependence (CPDD) meeting. Methods All 689 abstracts presented at the 1999 CPDD meeting were reviewed. In order to find the existence of publications derived from abstracts presented at that meeting, a set of bibliographical searches in the database Medline was developed in July 2006. Information was gathered concerning the abstracts, articles and journals in which they were published. Results 254 out of 689 abstracts (36.9%) gave rise to at least one publication. The oral communications had a greater likelihood of being published than did the posters (OR = 2.53, 95% CI 1.80-3.55). The average time lapse to publication of an article was 672.97 days. The number of authors per work in the subsequent publications was 4.55. The articles were published in a total of 84 journals, of which eight were indexed with the subject term Substance-Related Disorders. Psychopharmacology (37 articles, 14.5%) was the journal that published the greatest number of articles subsequent to the abstracts presented at the 1999 CPDD meeting. Conclusion One out of every three abstracts presented to the 1999 CPDD meeting were later published in peer-reviewed journals indexed in Medline. The subsequent publication of the abstracts presented in the CPDD meetings should be actively encouraged, as this maximizes the dissemination of the scientific research and therefore the investment. PMID:19889211

  14. Popular Science Journalism: Facilitating Learning through Peer Review and Communication of Science News

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tuten, Holly; Temesvari, Lesly

    2013-01-01

    In a multisemester Popular Science Journalism course that met for 2 hours once a week at Clemson University, students produced science news articles for the university newspaper by using primary literature, the internet, and interviews with researchers. Short lectures were given on topic choice, story development, literature surveys, common…

  15. From Dissertation to Publication: Converting Doctoral Research into a Peer-Reviewed Journal Article

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodriquez-Kiino, Diane

    2012-01-01

    "The Journal of Applied Research in the Community College" (JARCC) actively seeks scholarly submissions on community colleges that originate from doctoral dissertations. Understanding the scope and complexity of community and junior colleges nationally requires multiple vantage points. Newly minted doctorates and doctoral candidates can provide a…

  16. 12: How to peer review a manuscript

    E-print Network

    Hall, Spencer

    12: How to peer review a manuscript DAVID MOHER, ALEJANDRO R JADAD Peer review is an activity or standardised training for peer reviewers exists. In this chapter we provide a series of practical tips on how to peer review a manuscript and write the report based on the evidence from published research

  17. Peer Review Summary Document (April 23, 2008)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Summary Document (April 23, 2008) Peer Review Plan Southeast Extension of the Southern. Kelsy, Elizabeth Barnett, Lee Liberty, Karen L. Meagher, and Kristen Pape. Peer Reviewers Expertise and Credentials The scientific expertise of the two peer reviewers the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) selected

  18. ForPeerReview Molecular Microbiology

    E-print Network

    Burrows, Lori

    ForPeerReview Molecular Microbiology #12;ForPeerReview 1 of 53 Molecular Microbiology #12;ForPeerReview 2 ABSTRACT19 Type IVa pili are bacterial nanomachines anchor for34 localization and function.35 36 Page 2 of 53Molecular Microbiology #12;ForPeerReview 3

  19. The Importance of Peer Review: Thoughts on Knudson, Morrow, and Thomas (2014)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fischman, Mark G.

    2014-01-01

    Knudson, Morrow, and Thomas (2014) recently summarized a number of important issues related to the quality of peer review and current peer-review practice in kinesiology. This writer endorses their six recommendations for improving peer review in kinesiology journals. The purpose of this commentary is to further highlight the importance of…

  20. ForPeerReview Performance of Windows Multicore Systems on Threading

    E-print Network

    ForPeerReview Performance of Windows Multicore Systems on Threading and MPI Journal: Concurrency: Multicore, Threading, MPI Note: The following files were submitted by the author for peer review, but cannot://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/cpe Concurrency and Computation: Practice and Experience #12;ForPeerReview Performance of Windows Multicore

  1. Internal Peer Review Program -Faculty of Medicine May 2013 INTERNAL PEER REVIEW PROGRAM

    E-print Network

    Brownstone, Rob

    Internal Peer Review Program - Faculty of Medicine May 2013 INTERNAL PEER REVIEW PROGRAM Medical.ross@dal.ca PURPOSE Internal Peer Review enhances competitiveness of grant applications by providing constructive are required to be vetted through one of two Internal Peer Review processes. OPTIONS FOR INTERNAL PEER REVIEW

  2. Peering into peer review: Galileo, ESP, Dr Scott Reuben, and advancing our professional evolution.

    PubMed

    Biddle, Chuck

    2011-10-01

    The fundamental purpose of peer review is quality control that facilitates the introduction of information into our discipline; information that is essential to the care of patients who require anesthesia services. While the AANA Journal relies heavily on this process to maintain the overall quality of our scholarly literature, it may fail that objective under certain conditions. This editorial serves to inform readers of the nature and goals of the peer review process. PMID:23256263

  3. Peer Review Summary Document (09/17/2012)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Summary Document (09/17/2012) Peer Review Plan http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review. David Wiens. Peer Reviewers Expertise and Credentials Peer Reviewer #1: Professor, Oregon State University Peer Reviewer #2: Research Wildlife Biologist, U.S. Forest Service Peer Reviewer #3: Professor

  4. ForPeerReview Tree diversity enhances tree transpiration in a Panamanian

    E-print Network

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    ForPeerReview Tree diversity enhances tree transpiration in a Panamanian forest plantation Journal-species stands, monoculture, native species, plot transpiration, selection effect Journal of Applied Ecology #12;ForPeerReview 1 Tree diversity enhances tree transpiration in a Panamanian forest plantation1 2

  5. ForPeerReview Effect of Chemical Modification of Oil Fly Ash and

    E-print Network

    Hussein, Ibnelwaleed A.

    ForPeerReview Effect of Chemical Modification of Oil Fly Ash and compatibilization Polymer Science #12;For Peer Review Figure 1: Fly ash grains at magnified view Page 1 of 47 John Wiley on the Rheological and Morphological Properties of Low-Density Polyethylene Composites Journal: Journal of Applied

  6. April 30, 2009 ENHANCING PEER REVIEW

    E-print Network

    Bandettini, Peter A.

    April 30, 2009 ENHANCING PEER REVIEW: Overview of Implementation for Reviewers Background Goals of Peer Review Enhancements Recognize changing nature of research; identify and encourage new and early Peer Review Web site At the Review Meeting Preliminary impact/priority scores will help determine

  7. DAC Peer Review of Austria

    Microsoft Academic Search

    2009-01-01

    This review contains the Main Findings and Recommendations of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) and the report of the Secretariat. It was prepared with examiners from Luxembourg and Norway for the Peer Review meeting on 29 April 2009. Among the issues covered were: the welcome efforts to focus Austrian development co-operation on the world’s poorest people; plans to substantially increase

  8. The Dedisciplining of Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frodeman, Robert; Briggle, Adam

    2012-01-01

    The demand for greater public accountability is changing the nature of ex ante peer review at public science agencies worldwide. Based on a four year research project, this essay examines these changes through an analysis of the process of grant proposal review at two US public science agencies, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the…

  9. Climate change, conservation and management: an assessment of the peer-reviewed scientific journal literature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Adam Felton; Joern Fischer; David B. Lindenmayer; Rebecca Montague-Drake; Arianne R. Lowe; Debbie Saunders; Annika M. Felton; Will Steffen; Nicola T. Munro; Kara Youngentob; Jake Gillen; Phil Gibbons; Judsen E. Bruzgul; Ioan Fazey; Suzi J. Bond; Carole P. Elliott; Ben C. T. Macdonald; Luciana L. Porfirio; Martin Westgate; Martin Worthy

    2009-01-01

    Recent reviews of the conservation literature indicate that significant biases exist in the published literature regarding\\u000a the regions, ecosystems and species that have been examined by researchers. Despite the global threat of climatic change,\\u000a similar biases may be occurring within the sub-discipline of climate-change ecology. Here we hope to foster critical thought\\u000a and discussion by considering the directions taken by

  10. 42 CFR 24.5 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Peer review. 24.5 Section 24.5 Public...BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH SERVICE § 24.5 Peer review. An individual may not be...qualifications have been reviewed by a PHS peer review committee and the committee...

  11. 42 CFR 24.5 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Peer review. 24.5 Section 24.5 Public...BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH SERVICE § 24.5 Peer review. An individual may not be...qualifications have been reviewed by a PHS peer review committee and the committee...

  12. ENHANCING PEER REVIEW -UPDATE November 2008

    E-print Network

    Bandettini, Peter A.

    ENHANCING PEER REVIEW - UPDATE November 2008 Preparing for Changes in Peer Review The first stages of implementation of changes in NIH peer review will begin in January and February 2009. These changes will be timed to apply to all three standard review/award cycles in each fiscal year. Please see the chart below showing

  13. 42 CFR 24.5 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Peer review. 24.5 Section 24.5 Public...BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH SERVICE § 24.5 Peer review. An individual may not be...qualifications have been reviewed by a PHS peer review committee and the committee...

  14. 42 CFR 24.5 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Peer review. 24.5 Section 24.5 Public...BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH SERVICE § 24.5 Peer review. An individual may not be...qualifications have been reviewed by a PHS peer review committee and the committee...

  15. 42 CFR 24.5 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Peer review. 24.5 Section 24.5 Public...BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH SERVICE § 24.5 Peer review. An individual may not be...qualifications have been reviewed by a PHS peer review committee and the committee...

  16. Peer Review Summary Document (12/4/2013)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Summary Document (12/4/2013) Peer Review Plan http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review, and Charles Schwartz. Peer Reviewers Expertise and Credentials Peer Reviewer #1: USGS Research Ecologist. Reviewer #1 specializes in carnivore ecology, population dynamics, and habitat modeling. Peer Reviewer #2

  17. Peer Review Summary Document (10/24/2013)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Summary Document (10/24/2013) Peer Review Plan http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review, and Marshall W. Gannett. Peer Reviewers Expertise and Credentials Peer Reviewer #1: A U.S. Geological Survey to groundwater studies. Peer Reviewer #2: A USGS Hydrologist for 23 years. The reviewer has a PhD from

  18. 7 CFR 3401.13 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Composition of peer review groups. 3401.13 Section...RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Applications for Funding § 3401.13 Composition of peer review groups. Peer review...

  19. 7 CFR 3401.13 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Composition of peer review groups. 3401.13 Section...RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Applications for Funding § 3401.13 Composition of peer review groups. Peer review...

  20. 28 CFR 34.106 - Number of peer reviewers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34.106 Section 34.106 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.106 Number of peer reviewers. The number of peer reviewers will vary by program (as...

  1. 7 CFR 3401.13 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Composition of peer review groups. 3401.13 Section...RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Applications for Funding § 3401.13 Composition of peer review groups. Peer review...

  2. 7 CFR 3411.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Composition of peer review groups. 3411.11 Section...COMPETITIVE GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3411.11 Composition of peer review groups. (a) Peer review...

  3. 28 CFR 34.106 - Number of peer reviewers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34.106 Section 34.106 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.106 Number of peer reviewers. The number of peer reviewers will vary by program (as...

  4. Classroom Evaluation of a Scaffolding Intervention for Improving Peer Review

    E-print Network

    Litman, Diane J.

    Classroom Evaluation of a Scaffolding Intervention for Improving Peer Review Localization Huy, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 Abstract. A peer review system that automatically evaluates student feedback comments first drafts were both reviewed by peers. During peer review, the system automatically analyzed

  5. 28 CFR 34.106 - Number of peer reviewers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34.106 Section 34.106 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.106 Number of peer reviewers. The number of peer reviewers will vary by program (as...

  6. 28 CFR 34.106 - Number of peer reviewers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 34.106 Section 34.106 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.106 Number of peer reviewers. The number of peer reviewers will vary by program (as...

  7. 7 CFR 3401.13 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Composition of peer review groups. 3401.13 Section...RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Applications for Funding § 3401.13 Composition of peer review groups. Peer review...

  8. 7 CFR 3411.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Composition of peer review groups. 3411.11 Section...COMPETITIVE GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3411.11 Composition of peer review groups. (a) Peer review...

  9. 7 CFR 3401.13 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Composition of peer review groups. 3401.13 Section...RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Applications for Funding § 3401.13 Composition of peer review groups. Peer review...

  10. 28 CFR 34.106 - Number of peer reviewers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34.106 Section 34.106 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.106 Number of peer reviewers. The number of peer reviewers will vary by program (as...

  11. Teaching Peer Review and the Process of Scientific Writing

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dr. William H. Guilford (University of Virginia Department of Biomedical Engineering)

    2002-01-25

    Many undergraduate and graduate students understand neither the process of scientific writing nor the significance of peer review. In response, some instructors have created writing assignments that teach or mimic parts of the scientific publishing process. However, none fully reproduced peer review and revision of papers together with the writing and publishing process from research to final, accepted draft. In addition, most have been instituted at the graduate rather than undergraduate level. We present a detailed method for teaching undergraduate students the full scientific publishing process, including anonymous peer review, during the process of writing a "term paper." The result is a review article in the format for submission to a major scientific journal. This method has been implemented in the course Cell and Molecular Biology for Engineers at the University of Virginia. Use of this method resulted in improved grades, much higher quality in the final manuscript, greater objectivity in grading, and improved understanding of the importance of peer review.

  12. Peer Review As part of the overall evaluation process for faculty members, standing peer review

    E-print Network

    Gering, Jon C.

    Peer Review As part of the overall evaluation process for faculty members, standing peer review, scholarship, and service. Peer review committees may be established at the discipline and/or at the division level (interdisciplinary). Peer review committees will consist of at least five tenured faculty members

  13. Peer Review Guidelines and Form Peer Review Forms due: Tuesday, December 2

    E-print Network

    Glaz, Sarah

    MATH 2720W Fall 2014 Sarah Glaz Peer Review Guidelines and Form Peer Review Forms due: Tuesday, December 2 Here are some general guidelines for peer review: Read the paper through twice. First, get the general sense of the paper, and then read it to answer (in writing) the questions on the peer review form

  14. Planning for Peer Review of Teaching

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Victoria Mundy

    1999-01-01

    Peer review of teaching can help departments improve their treatment of teaching as disciplinary scholarship. Peer review encourages collegial discussion about teaching and creates a framework for thorough evaluation of teaching. The authors of this article reviewed literature that describes the benefits of peer review, and that which describes steps for implementing departmental peer review programs. The benefits of a well-designed, well-implemented system of peer review include improved teaching, elevated morale and productivity, and closer working relationships in a department. Steps to creating an effective, beneficial peer review program include describing the goals of the program, describing good teaching in a department, crafting clear and equitable review procedures, training reviewers, finding opportunities for teachers to learn new instructional techniques, and rewarding participation. Communication, trust, and integrity are key ingredients of successful peer review of teaching.

  15. A Venue for Peer Reviews

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Groth, Randall E.; Burgess, Claudia R.

    2009-01-01

    Online conversations help teachers engage in constructive criticism and attend more carefully to aligning lesson plans with problem solving. This article describes a strategy for using an online discussion board to help teachers evaluate one another's lesson plans. The online peer-review activity suggests that fostering critical pedagogical…

  16. 48 CFR 215.270 - Peer Reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Peer Reviews. 215.270 Section 215.270 Federal...Proposals and Information 215.270 Peer Reviews. Agency officials shall conduct Peer Reviews in accordance with 201.170. [74...

  17. Enhancing Peer Review Survey Results Report

    E-print Network

    Bandettini, Peter A.

    Enhancing Peer Review Survey Results Report Published May 2013 #12;1 | E n h a n c i n g P e e r R Review surveys, conducted in spring 2012, elicited opinions about the NIH peer surveys were conducted, focusing on areas that represent core peer review

  18. 7 CFR 550.17 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Peer review. 550.17 Section 550.17...Formation of Agreements § 550.17 Peer review. Upon request of the REE Agency...provide documentation in support of peer review activities and cooperator...

  19. MANUSCRIPT PEER REVIEW: A HELPFUL CHECKLIST FOR

    E-print Network

    Blouin-Demers, Gabriel

    MANUSCRIPT PEER REVIEW: A HELPFUL CHECKLIST FOR STUDENTS AND NOVICE REFEREES Douglas R. Seals is an essential element of the scientific peer review process and an important professional skill is an essential element of the peer review process and, therefore, is an important professional skill

  20. 7 CFR 550.17 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Peer review. 550.17 Section 550.17...Formation of Agreements § 550.17 Peer review. Upon request of the REE Agency...provide documentation in support of peer review activities and cooperator...

  1. 48 CFR 215.270 - Peer Reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Peer Reviews. 215.270 Section 215.270 Federal...Proposals and Information 215.270 Peer Reviews. Agency officials shall conduct Peer Reviews in accordance with 201.170. [74...

  2. 48 CFR 215.270 - Peer Reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Peer Reviews. 215.270 Section 215.270 Federal...Proposals and Information 215.270 Peer Reviews. Agency officials shall conduct Peer Reviews in accordance with 201.170. [74...

  3. 7 CFR 550.17 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Peer review. 550.17 Section 550.17...Formation of Agreements § 550.17 Peer review. Upon request of the REE Agency...provide documentation in support of peer review activities and cooperator...

  4. 48 CFR 215.270 - Peer Reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Peer Reviews. 215.270 Section 215.270 Federal...Proposals and Information 215.270 Peer Reviews. Agency officials shall conduct Peer Reviews in accordance with 201.170. [74...

  5. Peer Review Anew: Three Principles and a

    E-print Network

    INVITED P A P E R Peer Review Anew: Three Principles and a Case Study in Postpublication Quality arisen, especially concerning quality assurance, peer review, reuse, and modification. New innovations are appearing in peer review, endorsement, the measurement of trust, and the understanding of reputation

  6. 7 CFR 550.17 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Peer review. 550.17 Section 550.17...Formation of Agreements § 550.17 Peer review. Upon request of the REE Agency...provide documentation in support of peer review activities and cooperator...

  7. 48 CFR 215.270 - Peer Reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Peer Reviews. 215.270 Section 215.270 Federal...Proposals and Information 215.270 Peer Reviews. Agency officials shall conduct Peer Reviews in accordance with 201.170. [74...

  8. 7 CFR 550.17 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Peer review. 550.17 Section 550.17...Formation of Agreements § 550.17 Peer review. Upon request of the REE Agency...provide documentation in support of peer review activities and cooperator...

  9. STUDENTBMJ | VOLUME 15 | MARCH 2007 Peer review

    E-print Network

    Haylett, Kevin R.

    STUDENTBMJ | VOLUME 15 | MARCH 2007 education Peer review: it's not personal T he romance of the next part of the process--peer review (see figure). A common scenario This time it wasn't just a piece of worries in the "out of sight and out of mind" league an innocuous email arrived. Peer review is central

  10. Brookhaven National Laboratory presentation 2007 Peer Review

    E-print Network

    Homes, Christopher C.

    Brookhaven National Laboratory presentation 2007 Peer Review August 7- 9, 2007, Arlington, VA Slide Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 DOE Peer Review, Arlington VA, August 7-9 2007 #12;Brookhaven National Laboratory presentation 2007 Peer Review August 7- 9, 2007, Arlington, VA Slide 2 2 Outline Program objective

  11. TEACHING PEER REVIEW AND THE PROCESS OF

    E-print Network

    Guilford, William

    TEACHING PEER REVIEW AND THE PROCESS OF SCIENTIFIC WRITING William H. Guilford Department and graduate students understand neither the process of scientific writing nor the significance of peer review publishing process. However, none fully reproduced peer review and revision of papers together

  12. Electronic Management of the Peer Review Process

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Jason Mathews; Barry E. Jacobs

    1996-01-01

    This paper deals with managing the peer review process with an electronic management system (EMS). Our approach uses a WWW-based interface to an Oracle database. We describe different aspects of the EMS, namely the peer review process, report generation, and security. An experimental peer review system was developed for the Fourth International World Wide Web (WWW) Conference, which provided a

  13. Peer Review Summary Document (February 8, 2013)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    ://www.usgs.gov/peer_review/docs/klamath_SDOR.pdf [92 KB]. Title and Authorship of Information Product Disseminated Klamath Dam Removal Overview Report in Appendix A of the report titled: Peer Review Panel Report on Draft Klamath Dam Removal Overview Report: Peer Review Panel Report on Draft Klamath Dam Removal Overview Report for the Secretary of the Interior

  14. Peer Review Summary Document (12/20/2011)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Summary Document (12/20/2011) Peer Review Plan http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review, and Thomas M. Marston. Peer Reviewers Expertise and Credentials Peer Reviewer #1: Supervisory hydrologist, and 26 years professional experience with the USGS. Peer Reviewer #2 Supervisory hydrologist

  15. Peer Review Summary Document (9/11/2014)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Summary Document (9/11/2014) Peer Review Plan http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review/docs/3D, Vicki Lukas, David L. Saghy, and Jason M. Stoker. Peer Reviewers Expertise and Credentials Peer Reviewer.A. in Geography and an M.S. in Mapping Science. Peer Reviewer #2­ Research physical scientist with more than 20

  16. Peer Review Summary Document (05/20/2013)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Summary Document (05/20/2013) Peer Review Plan http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review.F. Koltun. Peer Reviewers Expertise and Credentials Peer Reviewer #1 ­ Ph.D. in civil engineering from-quality, contaminant tracking, and hydroacoustics. Peer Reviewer #2 ­ M.S .in geology from Michigan State University, B

  17. Peer Review Process

    Cancer.gov

    Upon receipt, applications will be reviewed by the Center for Scientific Review (CSR) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) for completeness and conformance to all eligibility requirements and special provisions and requirements. Incomplete applications will be returned to the applicant without further consideration.

  18. 28 CFR 34.110 - Management of peer reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Management of peer reviews. 34.110 Section 34.110 Judicial Administration... DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.110 Management of peer...

  19. 28 CFR 34.110 - Management of peer reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Management of peer reviews. 34.110 Section 34.110 Judicial Administration... DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.110 Management of peer...

  20. 7 CFR 3400.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Composition of peer review groups. 3400.11 Section...RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3400.11 Composition of peer review groups. (a) Peer...

  1. 7 CFR 3400.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Composition of peer review groups. 3400.11 Section...RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3400.11 Composition of peer review groups. (a) Peer...

  2. 28 CFR 34.110 - Management of peer reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Management of peer reviews. 34.110 Section 34.110 Judicial Administration... DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.110 Management of peer...

  3. 7 CFR 3400.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Composition of peer review groups. 3400.11 Section...RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3400.11 Composition of peer review groups. (a) Peer...

  4. 7 CFR 3400.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Composition of peer review groups. 3400.11 Section...RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3400.11 Composition of peer review groups. (a) Peer...

  5. 28 CFR 34.110 - Management of peer reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Management of peer reviews. 34.110 Section 34.110 Judicial Administration... DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.110 Management of peer...

  6. 28 CFR 34.110 - Management of peer reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Management of peer reviews. 34.110 Section 34.110 Judicial Administration... DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.110 Management of peer...

  7. 7 CFR 3400.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Composition of peer review groups. 3400.11 Section...RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3400.11 Composition of peer review groups. (a) Peer...

  8. Peer Review Summary Document (05/29/2013)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Summary Document (05/29/2013) Peer Review Plan http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review, Ted Sommer, Kelly Souza, and Erwin Van Nieuwenhuyse. Peer Reviewers Expertise and Credentials Review was by a 6-member Panel (Reviewers 1-6 below) and one additional reviewer (Reviewer #7 below). · Peer

  9. ForPeerReview The structure of the CstF-77 homodimer provides insights into CstF

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    ForPeerReview The structure of the CstF-77 homodimer provides insights into CstF assembly Journal following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Nucleic Acids Res. 2007-00175609,version1 HAL author manuscript Nucleic Acids Research (NAR) 2007;35(13):4515-22 #12;ForPeerReview

  10. Peer Review of Launch Environments

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wilson, Timmy R.

    2011-01-01

    Catastrophic failures of launch vehicles during launch and ascent are currently modeled using equivalent trinitrotoluene (TNT) estimates. This approach tends to over-predict the blast effect with subsequent impact to launch vehicle and crew escape requirements. Bangham Engineering, located in Huntsville, Alabama, assembled a less-conservative model based on historical failure and test data coupled with physical models and estimates. This white paper summarizes NESC's peer review of the Bangham analytical work completed to date.

  11. A core-item reviewer evaluation (CoRE) system for manuscript peer review.

    PubMed

    Onitilo, Adedayo A; Engel, Jessica M; Salzman-Scott, Sherry A; Stankowski, Rachel V; Doi, Suhail A R

    2014-01-01

    Manuscript peer review is essential for ensuring accountability to all involved in the publication process, including authors, journals, and readers. Lack of consensus regarding what constitutes an accountable manuscript peer review process has resulted in varying practices from one journal to the next. Currently, reviewers are asked to make global judgments about various aspects of a paper for review irrespective of whether guided by a review checklist or not, and several studies have documented gross disagreement between reviewers of the same manuscript. We have previously proposed that the solution may be to direct reviewers to concrete items that do not require global judgments but rather provide a specific choice, along with referee justification for such choices. This study evaluated use of such a system via an international survey of health care professionals who had recently reviewed a health care--related manuscript. Results suggest that use of such a peer review system by reviewers does indeed improve interreviewer agreement, and thus, has the potential to support more consistent and effective peer review, if introduced into journal processes for peer review. PMID:24228975

  12. Using peer review process for teaching introductory physics laboratory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bykov, Tikhon

    2012-03-01

    In recent years various peer instruction methods have been widely used and proven to be successful for teaching of introductory physics courses. Most of these methods refer to student interactions in small peer groups during lectures and/or discussion sessions. At the same time peer review process has been a standard part of any scientific enterprise and/or scientific publication process for more than a century. We have incorporated a method very similar to professional peer review into teaching of introductory physics laboratory. In this process students are asked to review anonymous copies of each other's lab reports and determine whether or not these reports are suitable for publication in a scientific journal. This technique has become an essential part of the Modular Curriculum Approach (MCA) teaching model designed and adopted at McMurry University. MCA has demonstrated significant gains in student learning.

  13. Peer Review Summary Document (10/27/2014)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Summary Document (10/27/2014) Peer Review Plan http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review.S. Dalyander, R.G. Mickey, J.W. Long, and J. Flocks. Peer Reviewers Expertise and Credentials Reviewer #1. Charge Submitted to Peer Reviewers The reviewers were asked to make an objective evaluation

  14. Peer Review Summary Document (11/9/2012)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Summary Document (11/9/2012) Peer Review Plan http:// www.usgs.gov/peer_review. Mahler, and Peter C. Van Metre. Peer Reviewers Expertise and Credentials Reviewer #1: Holds exposures. The reviewer has published 15 articles in the peer-reviewed literature, as cited by Scopus

  15. Open by default: a proposed copyright license and waiver agreement for open access research and data in peer-reviewed journals

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Copyright and licensing of scientific data, internationally, are complex and present legal barriers to data sharing, integration and reuse, and therefore restrict the most efficient transfer and discovery of scientific knowledge. Much data are included within scientific journal articles, their published tables, additional files (supplementary material) and reference lists. However, these data are usually published under licenses which are not appropriate for data. Creative Commons CC0 is an appropriate and increasingly accepted method for dedicating data to the public domain, to enable data reuse with the minimum of restrictions. BioMed Central is committed to working towards implementation of open data-compliant licensing in its publications. Here we detail a protocol for implementing a combined Creative Commons Attribution license (for copyrightable material) and Creative Commons CC0 waiver (for data) agreement for content published in peer-reviewed open access journals. We explain the differences between legal requirements for attribution in copyright, and cultural requirements in scholarship for giving individuals credit for their work through citation. We argue that publishing data in scientific journals under CC0 will have numerous benefits for individuals and society, and yet will have minimal implications for authors and minimal impact on current publishing and research workflows. We provide practical examples and definitions of data types, such as XML and tabular data, and specific secondary use cases for published data, including text mining, reproducible research, and open bibliography. We believe this proposed change to the current copyright and licensing structure in science publishing will help clarify what users – people and machines – of the published literature can do, legally, with journal articles and make research using the published literature more efficient. We further believe this model could be adopted across multiple publishers, and invite comment on this article from all stakeholders in scientific research. PMID:22958225

  16. Peer review versus editorial review and their role in innovative science.

    PubMed

    Steinhauser, Georg; Adlassnig, Wolfram; Risch, Jesaka Ahau; Anderlini, Serena; Arguriou, Petros; Armendariz, Aaron Zolen; Bains, William; Baker, Clark; Barnes, Martin; Barnett, Jonathan; Baumgartner, Michael; Baumgartner, Thomas; Bendall, Charles A; Bender, Yvonne S; Bichler, Max; Biermann, Teresa; Bini, Ronaldo; Blanco, Eduardo; Bleau, John; Brink, Anthony; Brown, Darin; Burghuber, Christopher; Calne, Roy; Carter, Brian; Castańo, Cesar; Celec, Peter; Celis, Maria Eugenia; Clarke, Nicky; Cockrell, David; Collins, David; Coogan, Brian; Craig, Jennifer; Crilly, Cal; Crowe, David; Csoka, Antonei B; Darwich, Chaza; Del Kebos, Topiciprin; Derinaldi, Michele; Dlamini, Bongani; Drewa, Tomasz; Dwyer, Michael; Eder, Fabienne; de Palma, Raúl Ehrichs; Esmay, Dean; Rött, Catherine Evans; Exley, Christopher; Falkov, Robin; Farber, Celia Ingrid; Fearn, William; Felsmann, Sophie; Flensmark, Jarl; Fletcher, Andrew K; Foster, Michaela; Fountoulakis, Kostas N; Fouratt, Jim; Blanca, Jesus Garcia; Sotelo, Manuel Garrido; Gittler, Florian; Gittler, Georg; Gomez, Juan; Gomez, Juan F; Polar, Maria Grazia Gonzales; Gonzalez, Jossina; Gösselsberger, Christoph; Habermacher, Lynn; Hajek, Michael; Hakala, Faith; Haliburton, Mary-Sue; Hankins, John Robert; Hart, Jason; Hasslberger, Sepp; Hennessey, Donalyn; Herrmann, Andrea; Hersee, Mike; Howard, Connie; Humphries, Suzanne; Isharc, Laeeth; Ivanovski, Petar; Jenuth, Stephen; Jerndal, Jens; Johnson, Christine; Keleta, Yonas; Kenny, Anna; Kidd, Billie; Kohle, Fritz; Kolahi, Jafar; Koller-Peroutka, Marianne; Kostova, Lyubov; Kumar, Arunachalam; Kurosawa, Alejandro; Lance, Tony; Lechermann, Michael; Lendl, Bernhard; Leuchters, Michael; Lewis, Evan; Lieb, Edward; Lloyd, Gloria; Losek, Angelika; Lu, Yao; Maestracci, Saadia; Mangan, Dennis; Mares, Alberto W; Barnett, Juan Mazar; McClain, Valerie; McNair, John Sydney; Michael, Terry; Miller, Lloyd; Monzani, Partizia; Moran, Belen; Morris, Mike; Mößmer, Georg; Mountain, Johny; Phuthe, Onnie Mary Moyo; Muńoz, Marcos; Nakken, Sheri; Wambui, Anne Nduta; Neunteufl, Bettina; Nikoli?, Dimitrije; Oberoi, Devesh V; Obmode, Gregory; Ogar, Laura; Ohara, Jo; Rybine, Naion Olej; Owen, Bryan; Owen, Kim Wilson; Parikh, Rakesh; Pearce, Nicholas J G; Pemmer, Bernhard; Piper, Chris; Prince, Ian; Reid, Terence; Rindermann, Heiner; Risch, Stefan; Robbins, Josh; Roberts, Seth; Romero, Ajeandro; Rothe, Michael Thaddäus; Ruiz, Sergio; Sacher, Juliane; Sackl, Wolfgang; Salletmaier, Markus; Sanand, Jairaj; Sauerzopf, Clemens; Schwarzgruber, Thomas; Scott, David; Seegers, Laura; Seppi, David; Shields, Kyle; Siller-Matula, Jolanta; Singh, Beldeu; Sithole, Sibusio; Six, Florian; Skoyles, John R; Slofstra, Jildou; Sole, Daphne Anne; Sommer, Werner F; Sonko, Mels; Starr-Casanova, Chrislie J; Steakley, Marjorie Elizabeth; Steinhauser, Wolfgang; Steinhoff, Konstantin; Sterba, Johannes H; Steppan, Martin; Stindl, Reinhard; Stokely, Joe; Stokely, Karri; St-Pierre, Gilles; Stratford, James; Streli, Christina; Stryg, Carl; Sullivan, Mike; Summhammer, Johann; Tadesse, Amhayes; Tavares, David; Thompson, Laura; Tomlinson, Alison; Tozer, Jack; Trevisanato, Siro I; Trimmel, Michaela; Turner, Nicole; Vahur, Paul; van der Byl, Jennie; van der Maas, Tine; Varela, Leo; Vega, Carlos A; Vermaak, Shiloh; Villasenor, Alex; Vogel, Matt; von Wintzigerode, Georg; Wagner, Christoph; Weinberger, Manuel; Weinberger, Peter; Wilson, Nick; Wolfe, Jennifer Finocchio; Woodley, Michael A; Young, Ian; Zuraw, Glenn; Zwiren, Nicole

    2012-10-01

    Peer review is a widely accepted instrument for raising the quality of science. Peer review limits the enormous unstructured influx of information and the sheer amount of dubious data, which in its absence would plunge science into chaos. In particular, peer review offers the benefit of eliminating papers that suffer from poor craftsmanship or methodological shortcomings, especially in the experimental sciences. However, we believe that peer review is not always appropriate for the evaluation of controversial hypothetical science. We argue that the process of peer review can be prone to bias towards ideas that affirm the prior convictions of reviewers and against innovation and radical new ideas. Innovative hypotheses are thus highly vulnerable to being "filtered out" or made to accord with conventional wisdom by the peer review process. Consequently, having introduced peer review, the Elsevier journal Medical Hypotheses may be unable to continue its tradition as a radical journal allowing discussion of improbable or unconventional ideas. Hence we conclude by asking the publisher to consider re-introducing the system of editorial review to Medical Hypotheses. PMID:23054375

  17. Peer Review Committees 2008 REVIEWEES COMMITTEES

    E-print Network

    Peer Review Committees 2008 REVIEWEES COMMITTEES Instructors/Lecturers Opoku-Edusei Lanford Parent Associate Professors - to be announced - We will hold our peer review meeting during the week of May 5th things along this year, each reviewee's CV, FAR report, scantron teaching reviews and last year's review

  18. Towards an effective data peer review

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Düsterhus, André; Hense, Andreas

    2014-05-01

    Peer review is an established procedure to ensure the quality of scientific publications and is currently used as a prerequisite for acceptance of papers in the scientific community. In the past years the publication of raw data and its metadata got increased attention, which led to the idea of bringing it to the same standards the journals for traditional publications have. One missing element to achieve this is a comparable peer review scheme. This contribution introduces the idea of a quality evaluation process, which is designed to analyse the technical quality as well as the content of a dataset. It bases on quality tests, which results are evaluated with the help of the knowledge of an expert. The results of the tests and the expert knowledge are evaluated probabilistically and are statistically combined. As a result the quality of a dataset is estimated with a single value only. This approach allows the reviewer to quickly identify the potential weaknesses of a dataset and generate a transparent and comprehensible report. To demonstrate the scheme, an application on a large meteorological dataset will be shown. Furthermore, potentials and risks of such a scheme will be introduced and practical implications for its possible introduction to data centres investigated. Especially, the effects of reducing the estimate of quality of a dataset to a single number will be critically discussed.

  19. Conflicts of interest in medical science: peer usage, peer review and 'CoI consultancy'.

    PubMed

    Charlton, Bruce G

    2004-01-01

    In recent years, the perception has grown that conflicts of interest are having a detrimental effect on medical science as it influences health policy and clinical practice, leading medical journals to enforce self-declaration of potential biases in the attempt to counteract or compensate for the problem. Conflict of interest (CoI) declarations have traditionally been considered inappropriate in pure science since its evaluation systems themselves constitute a mechanism for eliminating the effect of individual biases. Pure science is primarily evaluated by 'peer usage', in which scientific information is 'replicated' by being incorporated in the work of other scientists, and tested by further observation of the natural world. Over the long-term, the process works because significant biases impair the quality of science, and bad science tends to be neglected or refuted. However, scientific evaluation operates slowly over years and decades, and only a small proportion of published work is ever actually evaluated. But most of modern medical science no longer conforms to the model of pure science, and may instead be conceptualized as a system of 'applied' science having different aims and evaluation processes. The aim of applied medical science is to solve pre-specified problems, and to provide scientific information ready for implementation immediately following publication. The primary evaluation process of applied science is peer review, not peer usage. Peer review is much more rapid (with a timescale of weeks or months) and cheaper than peer usage and (consequently) has a much wider application: peer review is a prospective validation while peer usage is retrospective. Since applied science consists of incremental advances on existing knowledge achieved using established techniques, its results can usually be reliably evaluated by peer review. However, despite its considerable convenience, peer review has significant limitations related to its reliance on opinion. One major limitation of peer review has proved to be its inability to deal with conflicts of interest, especially in a 'big science' context when prestigious scientists may have similar biases, and conflicts of interest are widely shared among peer reviewers. When applied medical science has been later checked against the slower but more valid processes of peer usage, it seems that reliance on peer review may allow damaging distortions to become 'locked-in' to clinical practice and health policy for considerable periods. Scientific progress is generally underpinned by increasing specialization. Medical journals should specialize in the communication of scientific information, and they have neither the resources nor the motivation to investigate and measure conflicts of interest. Effectively dealing with the problem of conflicts of interest in applied medical science firstly requires a more explicit demarcation between the communications media of pure medical science and applied medical science. Greater specialization of these activities would then allow distinctive aims and evaluation systems to evolve with the expectation of improved performance in both pure and applied systems. In future, applied medical science should operate with an assumption of bias, with the onus of proof on applied medical scientists to facilitate the 'data transparency' necessary to validate their research. Journals of applied medical science will probably require more rigorous processes of peer review than at present, since their publications are intended to be ready for implementation. But since peer review does not adequately filter-out conflicts of interest in applied medical science, there is a need for the evolution of specialist post-publication institutional mechanisms. The suggested solution is to encourage the establishment of independent 'CoI consultancy' services, whose role would be to evaluate conflicts of interest and other biases in published applied medical science prior to their implementation. Such services would be paid-for by the groups who intend to implement appl

  20. ForPeerReview Trace-based Performance Analysis for the Petascale

    E-print Network

    Dongarra, Jack

    ForPeerReview Trace-based Performance Analysis for the Petascale Simulation Code FLASH Journal simulation code, petascale system, scalable I/O, MPI Abstract: Performance analysis of applications on modernPeerReview Trace-based Performance Analysis for the Petascale Simulation Code FLASH Heike Jagode, Jack Dongarra

  1. ForPeerReview Power of genome-wide association studies in the presence of interacting

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    for both allele frequencies and LD structure. The power is also evaluated in situations where the causalForPeerReview Power of genome-wide association studies in the presence of interacting loci Journal HAL author manuscript Genetic Epidemiology 16/05/2007; Epub ahead of print #12;ForPeerReview Power

  2. ForPeerReview Physical activity in an indigenous Ecuadorian forager-

    E-print Network

    Sugiyama, Lawrence S.

    ForPeerReview Physical activity in an indigenous Ecuadorian forager- horticulturalist population, physical activity, reproductive ecology, market integration, Shuar John Wiley & Sons American Journal of Human Biology #12;ForPeerReview 1 Physical activity in an indigenous Ecuadorian forager

  3. Writing to Learn: An Evaluation of the Calibrated Peer Review Program in Two Neuroscience Courses

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    J. Roxanne Prichard (Bates College; )

    2005-10-16

    This journal article describes the use of Calibrated Peer Review (CPR), a free, web-based writing and peer review program designed to alleviate instructor workload, in two undergraduate neuroscience courses: an upper-level sensation and perception course (41 students, three assignments) and an introductory neuroscience course (50 students; two assignments).

  4. ForPeerReview Perception of Mechanically and Optically Simulated Bumps

    E-print Network

    Liere, Robert van

    ForPeerReview Perception of Mechanically and Optically Simulated Bumps and Holes Journal: Transactions on Applied Perception Manuscript ID: TAP-2007-0040.R2 Manuscript Type: Paper Date Submitted Perception #12;ForPeerReview Perception of Mechanically and Optically Simulated Bumps and Holes KOERT VAN

  5. ForPeerReview Mixed Methods in Land Change Research: Towards

    E-print Network

    Lopez-Carr, David

    ForPeerReview Mixed Methods in Land Change Research: Towards Integration Journal: Transactions of British Geographers #12;ForPeerReview Mixed Methods in Land Change Research: Towards Integration integration of quantitative and qualitative information for developing process-based knowledge for land use

  6. ForPeerReview A mixed-culture model of a probiotic biofilm control system

    E-print Network

    Demaret, Laurent

    ForPeerReview Only A mixed-culture model of a probiotic biofilm control system Journal; Helmholtz Centre Munich, Biomathematics and Biometry Keywords: biofilm, probiotics, mathematical model;ForPeerReview Only A mixed-culture model of a probiotic biofilm control system Hermann J. Eberl1

  7. 7 CFR 3405.16 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3405...3405.16 Access to peer review information. After...Verbatim copies of summary reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be...

  8. 7 CFR 3406.23 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3406...3406.23 Access to peer review information. After...Verbatim copies of summary reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be...

  9. 7 CFR 3405.16 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3405...3405.16 Access to peer review information. After...Verbatim copies of summary reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be...

  10. 7 CFR 3406.23 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3406...3406.23 Access to peer review information. After...Verbatim copies of summary reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be...

  11. 7 CFR 3406.23 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3406...3406.23 Access to peer review information. After...Verbatim copies of summary reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be...

  12. 7 CFR 3405.16 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3405...3405.16 Access to peer review information. After...Verbatim copies of summary reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be...

  13. 7 CFR 3405.16 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3405...3405.16 Access to peer review information. After...Verbatim copies of summary reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be...

  14. 7 CFR 3405.16 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3405...3405.16 Access to peer review information. After...Verbatim copies of summary reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be...

  15. 7 CFR 3406.23 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3406...3406.23 Access to peer review information. After...Verbatim copies of summary reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be...

  16. 7 CFR 3406.23 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3406...3406.23 Access to peer review information. After...Verbatim copies of summary reviews, not including the identity of the peer reviewers, will be...

  17. Peer Review Committees 2010 REVIEWEES COMMITTEES

    E-print Network

    Peer Review Committees 2010 REVIEWEES COMMITTEES Instructors/Lecturers Opoku-Edusei Lanford Parent will hold our peer review meeting on April 30. Therefore, I ask that signed committee reports on each reviewee be submitted no later than April 26nd. Each reviewee's CV, FAR report, scantron teaching reviews

  18. Strategies and mechanisms for electronic peer review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edward F. Gehringer

    2000-01-01

    We have implemented a peer grading system for review of student assignments over the World Wide Web and used it in approximately eight courses in computing and electrical engineering. Students prepare their assignments and submit them to our Peer Grader (PG) system. Other students are then assigned to review and grade the assignments. The system allows authors and reviewers to

  19. Sealed source peer review plan

    SciTech Connect

    Feldman, Alexander [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Leonard, Lee [RETIRED; Burns, Ron [CONTRACTOR

    2009-01-01

    Sealed sources are known quantities of radioactive materials that have been encapsulated in quantities that produce known radiation fields. Sealed sources have multiple uses ranging from instrument calibration sources to sources that produce radiation fields for experimental applications. The Off-Site Source Recovery (OSR) Project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), created in 1999, under the direction of the Waste Management Division of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Albuquerque has been assigned the responsibility to recover and manage excess and unwanted radioactive sealed sources from the public and private sector. LANL intends to ship drums containing qualified sealed sources to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) for disposal. Prior to shipping, these drums must be characterized with respect to radiological content and other parameters. The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires that ten radionulcides be quantified and reported for every container of waste to be disposed in the WIPP. The methods traditionally approved by the EPA include non-destructive assay (NDA) in accordance with Appendix A of the Contact-Handled Transuranic Waste Acceptance Criteria for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (DOE, 2002) (CH WAC). However, because of the nature and pedigree of historical records for sealed sources and the technical infeasibility of performing NDA on these sources, LANL proposes to characterize the content of these waste drums using qualified existing radiological data in lieu of direct measurement. This plan describes the process and documentation requirements for the use of the peer review process to qualify existing data for sealed radiological sources in lieu of perfonning radioassay. The peer review process will be performed in accordance with criteria provided in 40 CFR {section} 194.22 which specifies the use of the NUREG 1297 guidelines. The plan defines the management approach, resources, schedule, and technical requirements for the subject peer review.

  20. Peer Review Summary Document (3/14/2012)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Summary Document (3/14/2012) Peer Review Plan http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review Wada (University of Hawai`i Economic Research Organization). Note: A Peer Review Summary Document for the previous publication of this product is found at http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review

  1. ForPeerReview 1D non periodic homogenization for the elastic wave

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    -Jacques; École Polytechnique Keywords: Computational seismology SEISMOLOGY, Wave propagation SEISMOLOGY, Wave scattering and diffraction SEISMOLOGY, Inhomogeneous media, Scale effect Geophysical Journal2010 #12;ForPeerReview 2 Y. CAPDEVILLE 1 INTRODUCTION In seismology or in seismic exploration

  2. ForPeerReview Liver Stiffness Diminishes with Antiviral Response in

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ForPeerReview Liver Stiffness Diminishes with Antiviral Response in Chronic Hepatitis C Journal verdier, Liver unit Leroy, Vincent Mallat, Ariane Pawlotsky, Jean-Michel; Hopital Henri Mondor - Université Paris XII, Virology Keywords: Hepatology, Hepatitis C Liver fibrosis

  3. ForPeerReview Ice age True Polar wander in a compressible and non

    E-print Network

    ForPeerReview Ice age True Polar wander in a compressible and non hydrostatic Earth Journal Ice age (TPW), have continuously been debated, after the pioneering works of the sixties. We show ice age TPW

  4. Open Peer Review by a Selected-Papers Network

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Christopher

    2011-01-01

    A selected-papers (SP) network is a network in which researchers who read, write, and review articles subscribe to each other based on common interests. Instead of reviewing a manuscript in secret for the Editor of a journal, each reviewer simply publishes his review (typically of a paper he wishes to recommend) to his SP network subscribers. Once the SP network reviewers complete their review decisions, the authors can invite any journal editor they want to consider these reviews and initial audience size, and make a publication decision. Since all impact assessment, reviews, and revisions are complete, this decision process should be short. I show how the SP network can provide a new way of measuring impact, catalyze the emergence of new subfields, and accelerate discovery in existing fields, by providing each reader a fine-grained filter for high-impact. I present a three phase plan for building a basic SP network, and making it an effective peer review platform that can be used by journals, conferences, users of repositories such as arXiv, and users of search engines such as PubMed. I show how the SP network can greatly improve review and dissemination of research articles in areas that are not well-supported by existing journals. Finally, I illustrate how the SP network concept can work well with existing publication services such as journals, conferences, arXiv, PubMed, and online citation management sites. PMID:22291635

  5. Accepted Peer Reviewed Presentations Authors Affiliation Podium & Symposium

    E-print Network

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    Accepted Peer Reviewed Presentations Authors Affiliation Podium & Symposium Presentations Atav and Deficits #12;Accepted Peer Reviewed Presentations Authors Affiliation Podium & Symposium Presentations-up to a Quantitative Study on Cessation in a Rural Population #12;Accepted Peer Reviewed Presentations Authors

  6. 42 CFR 52h.4 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Composition of peer review groups. 52h.4 Section 52h...SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS...PROJECTS § 52h.4 Composition of peer review groups. (a) To the...

  7. 42 CFR 52h.4 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 false Composition of peer review groups. 52h.4 Section 52h...SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS...PROJECTS § 52h.4 Composition of peer review groups. (a) To the...

  8. 42 CFR 52h.4 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 false Composition of peer review groups. 52h.4 Section 52h...SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS...PROJECTS § 52h.4 Composition of peer review groups. (a) To the...

  9. 42 CFR 52h.4 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 false Composition of peer review groups. 52h.4 Section 52h...SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS...PROJECTS § 52h.4 Composition of peer review groups. (a) To the...

  10. 42 CFR 52h.4 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false Composition of peer review groups. 52h.4 Section 52h...SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS...PROJECTS § 52h.4 Composition of peer review groups. (a) To the...

  11. Final Independent External Peer Review Report: Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Final Independent External Peer Review Report: Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS Independent External Peer Review Report Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) for the Mechanical EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW REPORT for the Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) for the Mechanical

  12. Peer Review Summary Document (10/29/2013)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Summary Document (10/29/2013) Peer Review Plan http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review/docs/fortini_amazon-acai of smallholder timber production under expanding açaí palm production in the Amazon Estuary, By Lucas Fortini (U

  13. The power of nursing peer review.

    PubMed

    Spiva, Lee Anna; Jarrell, Nicole; Baio, Pamela

    2014-11-01

    This article describes how an integrated healthcare system created a nursing peer-review structure to empower nurses to make practice changes and enhance professional accountability. A nursing peer-review committee and tools supporting the process were developed and implemented. PMID:25340923

  14. Peer Review Summary Document (6/20/2011)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Summary Document (6/20/2011) Peer Review Plan Modeling Hydrodynamics, Temperature Reviewers Expertise and Credentials Peer Reviewer #1 ­ PhD in Civil Engineering. Associate Professor systems for both hydrodynamics and water quality. Charge Submitted to Peer Reviewers: The reviewers were

  15. Predatory Publishing, Questionable Peer Review, and Fraudulent Conferences

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Open-access is a model for publishing scholarly, peer-reviewed journals on the Internet that relies on sources of funding other than subscription fees. Some publishers and editors have exploited the author-pays model of open-access, publishing for their own profit. Submissions are encouraged through widely distributed e-mails on behalf of a growing number of journals that may accept many or all submissions and subject them to little, if any, peer review or editorial oversight. Bogus conference invitations are distributed in a similar fashion. The results of these less than ethical practices might include loss of faculty member time and money, inappropriate article inclusions in curriculum vitae, and costs to the college or funding source. PMID:25657363

  16. Predatory publishing, questionable peer review, and fraudulent conferences.

    PubMed

    Bowman, John D

    2014-12-15

    Open-access is a model for publishing scholarly, peer-reviewed journals on the Internet that relies on sources of funding other than subscription fees. Some publishers and editors have exploited the author-pays model of open-access, publishing for their own profit. Submissions are encouraged through widely distributed e-mails on behalf of a growing number of journals that may accept many or all submissions and subject them to little, if any, peer review or editorial oversight. Bogus conference invitations are distributed in a similar fashion. The results of these less than ethical practices might include loss of faculty member time and money, inappropriate article inclusions in curriculum vitae, and costs to the college or funding source. PMID:25657363

  17. Menage a Quoi? Optimal Number of Peer Reviewers

    PubMed Central

    Snell, Richard R.

    2015-01-01

    Peer review represents the primary mechanism used by funding agencies to allocate financial support and by journals to select manuscripts for publication, yet recent Cochrane reviews determined literature on peer review best practice is sparse. Key to improving the process are reduction of inherent vulnerability to high degree of randomness and, from an economic perspective, limiting both the substantial indirect costs related to reviewer time invested and direct administrative costs to funding agencies, publishers and research institutions. Use of additional reviewers per application may increase reliability and decision consistency, but adds to overall cost and burden. The optimal number of reviewers per application, while not known, is thought to vary with accuracy of judges or evaluation methods. Here I use bootstrapping of replicated peer review data from a Post-doctoral Fellowships competition to show that five reviewers per application represents a practical optimum which avoids large random effects evident when fewer reviewers are used, a point where additional reviewers at increasing cost provides only diminishing incremental gains in chance-corrected consistency of decision outcomes. Random effects were most evident in the relative mid-range of competitiveness. Results support aggressive high- and low-end stratification or triaging of applications for subsequent stages of review, with the proportion and set of mid-range submissions to be retained for further consideration being dependent on overall success rate. PMID:25830238

  18. NCI DEA - Consumer Guides for Peer Review

    Cancer.gov

    The NCI Consumers' Cancer Dictionary for Peer Review is deigned to provide concise definitions of technical terms frequently used in applications for NCI-sponsored investigator-initiated research. The terms include those commonly associated with the molecular biology of cancer, immunology, and clinical oncology. These definitions, in association with the review process, will increase your familiarity and understanding of the biology and clinical aspects of cancer. We hope this will facilitate and make your participation in the Peer Review process more meaningful.

  19. Mn/DOT's Project Peer Review

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    issue we share with peers) ·Benchmark Mn/DOT's project management practices ·Initial step in a change decision- making ·Able to manage project change #12;Project Management Opportunities and Challenges ·TheMn/DOT's Project Management Peer Review Creating a Project Management Culture 2010 CTS Research

  20. ForPeerReview A Validation Study of Lithium-ion Cell Constant C-Rate

    E-print Network

    Michalek, Jeremy J.

    with Battery Design Studio® Journal: International Journal of Energy Research Manuscript ID: ER-12-3000.R1 and Engineering, Engineering and Public Policy Keywords: Battery Design Studio®, Lithium-ion, Battery Performance #12;ForPeerReview Sakti et al. 2012, Carnegie Mellon University List of Figures Figure 1: Flow diagram

  1. Role of Editorial and Peer Review Processes in Publication Bias: Analysis of Drug Trials Submitted to Eight Medical Journals

    PubMed Central

    van Lent, Marlies; Overbeke, John; Out, Henk Jan

    2014-01-01

    Background Publication bias is generally ascribed to authors and sponsors failing to submit studies with negative results, but may also occur after submission. We evaluated whether submitted manuscripts on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with drugs are more likely to be accepted if they report positive results. Methods Manuscripts submitted from January 2010 through April 2012 to one general medical journal (BMJ) and seven specialty journals (Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, British Journal of Ophthalmology, Gut, Heart, Thorax, Diabetologia, and Journal of Hepatology) were included, if at least one study arm assessed the efficacy or safety of a drug and a statistical test was used to evaluate treatment effects. Publication status was retrospectively retrieved from submission systems or provided by journals. Sponsorship and trial results were extracted from manuscripts and classified according to predefined criteria. Main outcome measure was acceptance for publication. Results Of 15,972 manuscripts submitted, 472 (3.0%) were drug RCTs, of which 98 (20.8%) were published. Among submitted drug RCTs, 287 (60.8%) had positive and 185 (39.2%) negative results. Of these, 60 (20.9%) and 38 (20.5%), respectively, were published. Manuscripts on non-industry trials (n?=?213) reported positive results in 138 (64.8%) manuscripts, compared to 71 (47.7%) on industry-supported trials (n?=?149), and 78 (70.9%) on industry-sponsored trials (n?=?110). Twenty-seven (12.7%) non-industry trials were published, compared to 27 (18.1%) industry-supported and 44 (40.0%) industry-sponsored trials. After adjustment for other trial characteristics, manuscripts reporting positive results were not more likely to be published (OR, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.61 to 1.66). Submission to specialty journals, sample size, multicentre status, journal impact factor, and corresponding authors from Europe or US were significantly associated with publication. Conclusions For the selected journals, there was no tendency to preferably publish manuscripts on drug RCTs that reported positive results, suggesting that publication bias may occur mainly prior to submission. PMID:25118182

  2. 28 CFR 34.104 - Use of peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Use of peer review. 34.104 Section 34.104 Judicial Administration... DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.104 Use of peer review. (a)...

  3. 28 CFR 34.104 - Use of peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Use of peer review. 34.104 Section 34.104 Judicial Administration... DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.104 Use of peer review. (a)...

  4. 28 CFR 34.104 - Use of peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Use of peer review. 34.104 Section 34.104 Judicial Administration... DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.104 Use of peer review. (a)...

  5. 28 CFR 34.104 - Use of peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Use of peer review. 34.104 Section 34.104 Judicial Administration... DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.104 Use of peer review. (a)...

  6. Enhancing Peer Review Sally Rockey, Ph.D.

    E-print Network

    Grishok, Alla

    Enhancing Peer Review Sally Rockey, Ph.D. Acting Director, Office of Extramural Research (OER Programs, OER NIH Regional Seminars 2009 #12;2 Enhancing Peer Review at NIH · Cornerstone of the NIH and scientific community NIH Peer Review #12;3 Enhancing Peer Review at NIH · Facilitates changing nature

  7. Peer Review Plan Date: 11/14/2011

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Plan Date: 11/14/2011 Source Center: Utah Water Science Center 2329 West Orton Circle, and Nomination Process: Peer review will be by individual letters. USGS will select the peer reviewers pursuant to requirements in Survey Manual chapter 502.3 -Fundamental Science Practices: Peer Review (http

  8. Peer Review Plan Date: 11/1/2012

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Plan Date: 11/1/2012 Source Center: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Texas Water Science in Survey Manual chapter 502.3--Fundamental Science Practices: Peer Review (http://www.usgs.gov/usgs- manual incorporated into the USGS or ES&T peer-review process. Agency Contact: peer_review_agenda@usgs.gov. #12;

  9. Training in EPSRC peer review procedures, the "Mock Panel"

    E-print Network

    Meju, Max

    Training in EPSRC peer review procedures, the "Mock Panel" Have you ever wondered who is judging your project at peer review panels, and how? Does the whole peer review system seem like a mysterious lottery? You're not alone, and it's for this reason that EPSRC conducts "Mock" Peer Review Panel meetings

  10. 28 CFR 34.104 - Use of peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Use of peer review. 34.104 Section 34.104 Judicial Administration... DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.104 Use of peer review. (a)...

  11. Peer Review Summary Document (12/2/2011)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Summary Document (12/2/2011) Peer Review Plan Coupled Groundwater Flow and Management, Oregon and California, By Marshall W. Gannett, Brian J. Wagner, and Kenneth E. Lite Jr. Peer Reviewers Expertise and Credentials Peer Reviewer #1: Hydrologist in the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Office

  12. 48 CFR 201.170 - Peer reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...to the Deputy Director, Defense Procurement and Acquisition Policy (Contract Policy and International Contracting) via email to peerreviews@osd.mil. (b) Component peer reviews. The military departments and defense agencies shall...

  13. 45 CFR 1388.9 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...a) The purpose of the peer review process is to provide the Commissioner, ADD, with technical and qualitative evaluation of UAP applications, including on-site visits or inspections as necessary. (b) Applications for funding opportunities...

  14. 45 CFR 1388.9 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...a) The purpose of the peer review process is to provide the Commissioner, ADD, with technical and qualitative evaluation of UAP applications, including on-site visits or inspections as necessary. (b) Applications for funding opportunities...

  15. 45 CFR 1388.9 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...a) The purpose of the peer review process is to provide the Commissioner, ADD, with technical and qualitative evaluation of UAP applications, including on-site visits or inspections as necessary. (b) Applications for funding opportunities...

  16. 45 CFR 1388.9 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...a) The purpose of the peer review process is to provide the Commissioner, ADD, with technical and qualitative evaluation of UAP applications, including on-site visits or inspections as necessary. (b) Applications for funding opportunities...

  17. 45 CFR 1388.9 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...a) The purpose of the peer review process is to provide the Commissioner, ADD, with technical and qualitative evaluation of UAP applications, including on-site visits or inspections as necessary. (b) Applications for funding opportunities...

  18. Suggestions to Improve Social Work Journal Editorial and Peer-Review Processes: The San Antonio Response to the Miami Statement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holden, Gary; Thyer, Bruce A.; Baer, Judith; Delva, Jorge; Dulmus, Catherine N.; Shanks, Trina Williams

    2008-01-01

    Interest in and concern about scholarly communications through social work journals seem to have increased recently. One indicator of this concern was the publication of the Miami statement. A Society for Social Work and Research Presidential Task Force was created to continue work on these issues. This article discusses the work of one…

  19. Multi-Stage Open Peer Review: Scientific Evaluation Integrating the Strengths of Traditional Peer Review with the Virtues of Transparency and Self-Regulation

    PubMed Central

    Pöschl, Ulrich

    2012-01-01

    The traditional forms of scientific publishing and peer review do not live up to all demands of efficient communication and quality assurance in today’s highly diverse and rapidly evolving world of science. They need to be advanced and complemented by interactive and transparent forms of review, publication, and discussion that are open to the scientific community and to the public. The advantages of open access, public peer review, and interactive discussion can be efficiently and flexibly combined with the strengths of traditional scientific peer review. Since 2001 the benefits and viability of this approach are clearly demonstrated by the highly successful interactive open access journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP, www.atmos-chem-phys.net) and a growing number of sister journals launched and operated by the European Geosciences Union (EGU, www.egu.eu) and the open access publisher Copernicus (www.copernicus.org). The interactive open access journals are practicing an integrative multi-stage process of publication and peer review combined with interactive public discussion, which effectively resolves the dilemma between rapid scientific exchange and thorough quality assurance. Key features and achievements of this approach are: top quality and impact, efficient self-regulation and low rejection rates, high attractivity and rapid growth, low costs, and financial sustainability. In fact, ACP and the EGU interactive open access sister journals are by most if not all standards more successful than comparable scientific journals with traditional or alternative forms of peer review (editorial statistics, publication statistics, citation statistics, economic costs, and sustainability). The high efficiency and predictive validity of multi-stage open peer review have been confirmed in a series of dedicated studies by evaluation experts from the social sciences, and the same or similar concepts have recently also been adopted in other disciplines, including the life sciences and economics. Multi-stage open peer review can be flexibly adjusted to the needs and peculiarities of different scientific communities. Due to the flexibility and compatibility with traditional structures of scientific publishing and peer review, the multi-stage open peer review concept enables efficient evolution in scientific communication and quality assurance. It has the potential for swift replacement of hidden peer review as the standard of scientific quality assurance, and it provides a basis for open evaluation in science. PMID:22783183

  20. Promoting F.A.I.T.H. in Peer Review: Five Core Attributes of Effective Peer Review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leigh Turner

    2003-01-01

    Peer review is an important component of scholarly research. Long a “black box” whose practical mechanisms were unknown to researchers and readers, peer review is increasingly facing demands for accountability and improvement. Numerous studies address empirical aspects of the peer review process. Much less consideration is typically given to normative dimensions of peer review. This paper considers what authors, editors,

  1. Procedures for Peer Review of Reports

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2006

    2006-01-01

    Under the Education Sciences Reform Act, all research, statistics, and evaluation reports conducted by, or supported through, the Institute shall be subject to rigorous peer review before being published or otherwise made available to the public. Prior to review and approval by the NCEE Commissioner, NCEE reports are reviewed internally by the…

  2. Automatically Predicting Peer-Review Helpfulness Wenting Xiong

    E-print Network

    Litman, Diane J.

    Automatically Predicting Peer-Review Helpfulness Wenting Xiong University of Pittsburgh Department@cs.pitt.edu Abstract Identifying peer-review helpfulness is an im- portant task for improving the quality of feed- back that students receive from their peers. As a first step towards enhancing existing peer- review systems with new

  3. 2003 Annual Superconductivity2003 Annual Superconductivity Peer ReviewPeer Review

    E-print Network

    2003 Annual Superconductivity2003 Annual Superconductivity Peer ReviewPeer Review Raghu;Superconductivity Program at NREL for Electric SystemsSuperconductivity Program at NREL for Electric Systems Non) Industry CRADA:Industry CRADA: Oxford Superconducting Technologies (Ken Marken, Miao Hanping) *University

  4. Arch Immunol Ther Exp (Warsz) . Author manuscript The use of bibliometric indicators to help peer-review assessment

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to help peer-review assessment Nicole Haeffner-Cavaillon * , Claude Graillot-Gak DES, D partement d Management ; Journal Impact Factor ; Laboratories ; standards ; Peer Review, Research ; standards) are located in universities or university hospital centers, the others being on% ' research campuses

  5. Peer Review Plan Date: 6/27/12

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Plan Date: 6/27/12 Source Center: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Kansas Water Science at this time. Manner of Review, Selection of Reviewers, and Nomination Process: Peer review will be by individual letters. USGS will select the peer reviewers pursuant to requirements in Survey Manual chapter 502

  6. Peer Review of NIH Research Grant

    E-print Network

    Things to Know:Important Things to Know: 1. The handout material is a reference resource 2. The handout that it is important Important Things to Know:Important Things to Know: · NIH Peer Review Process based on Laws · NIH for Information Technology Center for Scientific Review National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

  7. Is Peer Review in Decline?

    E-print Network

    Ellison, Glenn

    Over the past decade, there has been a decline in the fraction of papers in top economics journals written by economists from the highest-ranked economics departments. This paper documents this fact and uses additional ...

  8. Who Is Writing? Author Affiliation across Peer-Reviewed Journals of Emotional or Behavioral Disorders, 2000-2011

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schoenfeld, Naomi A.; Janney, Donna M.; Rekart, Jerome L.

    2013-01-01

    The importance of practitioner participation in identifying and maintaining use of best educational practice is well established; however, little is known about the ways in which practitioners contribute to the development and dissemination of those practices within the field of emotional or behavioral disorders (EBD). This review examines…

  9. Real-Time Peer Review: An Innovative Feature to an Evidence-Based Practice Conference

    PubMed Central

    Eldredge, Jonathan D.; Phillips, Holly E.; Kroth, Philip J.

    2013-01-01

    Many health sciences librarians as well as other professionals attend conferences on a regular basis. This study sought to link an innovative peer review process of presented research papers to long-term conference outcomes in the peer-reviewed professional journal literature. An evidence-based conference included a proof-of-concept study to gauge the long-term outcomes from research papers presented during the program. Real-time peer review recommendations from the conference were linked to final versions of articles published in the peer-reviewed literature. The real-time peer review feedback served as the basis for further mentoring to guide prospective authors toward publishing their research results. These efforts resulted in the publication of two of the four research papers in the peer-viewed literature. A third presented paper appeared in a blog because the authors wanted to disseminate their findings more quickly than through the journal literature. The presenters of the fourth paper never published their study. Real-time peer review from this study can be adapted to other professional conferences that include presented research papers. PMID:24180649

  10. 2011 Impact Factors of JQSRT and its peers Journal ISI Impact Factor* ISI Immediacy Index**

    E-print Network

    2011 Impact Factors of JQSRT and its peers.021 0.698 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 2.895 0.490 Physical Review A 2.878 0.381 Journal of Modern Optics 1.170 0.360 Waves in Random and Complex Media 0.737 0

  11. From SSWR to Peer-Reviewed Publication: How Many Live and How Many Die?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perron, Brian E.; Taylor, Harry Owen; Vaughn, Michael G.; Grogan-Kaylor, Andrew; Ruffolo, Mary C.; Spencer, Michael

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to estimate how many presentations at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Social Work and Research (SSWR) are subsequently published in peer-reviewed journals. A 30% random sample of abstracts presented at the 2006 Annual Meeting of SSWR was reviewed. To determine publication status of the presentations, the authors…

  12. The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com ForPeerReview

    E-print Network

    Jones, Graeme A.

    for Review Multi-camera Video Surveillance for Real-time Soccer Game Analysis and Reconstruction Journal Vision and Application #12;ForPeerReview 1 Multi-camera Video Surveillance for Real-time Soccer Game Keywords: video surveillance, visual tracking, stereo vision, surveillance system, vision system Machine

  13. Truman State University Application To Establish A Peer Review Committee

    E-print Network

    Gering, Jon C.

    Truman State University Application To Establish A Peer Review Committee The following written information must be provided to and approved by the IRB before a Division/Discipline Peer Review Committee of the month preceding the month in which the new Peer Review Committee is to take effect. Once reviewed

  14. Peer Review Plan Date: 11/26/12

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Plan Date: 11/26/12 Source Center: U.S Geological Survey (USGS) Washington Water will select the peer reviewers pursuant to requirements in Survey Manual chapter 502.3 - Fundamental Science Practices: Peer Review (http://www.usgs.gov/usgs-manual/500/502-3.html). Expected Number of Reviewers

  15. Peer Review Plan Date: 11/22/2011

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Plan Date: 11/22/2011 Source Center: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Pacific Island Process: This review will be conducted via individual letters. The USGS will select the peer reviewers pursuant to requirements in Survey Manual chapter 502.3 -Fundamental Science Practices: Peer Review (http

  16. Peer Review Plan Date: 1/17/2012

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Plan Date: 1/17/2012 Source Center: U.S Geological Survey (USGS) Oregon Water Science will select the peer reviewers pursuant to requirements in Survey Manual chapter 502.3--Fundamental Science Practices: Peer Review (http://www.usgs.gov/usgs-manual/500/502-3.html). Expected Number of Reviewers

  17. The NIH Peer Review Sally A. Amero, Ph.D.

    E-print Network

    Grishok, Alla

    The NIH Peer Review Process Sally A. Amero, Ph.D. NIH Review Policy Officer Office of Extramural Research 2009 NIH Regional Seminars #12;22 The NIH Peer Review Process National Institutes of Health (ICs) Extramural and intramural programs 24 have funding authority #12;33 The NIH Peer Review Process

  18. Peer Review Plan Date: 4/18/2014

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Plan Date: 4/18/2014 Source Center: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Forest and Rangeland of Reviewers, and Nomination Process: USGS will select the peer reviewers pursuant to the requirements in Survey Manual chapter 502.3 ­ Fundamental Science Practices: Peer Review (http

  19. 7 CFR 3402.22 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3402.22 Section 3402.22 Agriculture... Supplementary Information § 3402.22 Access to peer review information. After final decisions have been...

  20. 7 CFR 3402.22 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3402.22 Section 3402.22 Agriculture... Supplementary Information § 3402.22 Access to peer review information. After final decisions have been...

  1. 7 CFR 3402.22 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Access to peer review information. 3402.22 Section 3402.22 Agriculture... Supplementary Information § 3402.22 Access to peer review information. After final decisions have been...

  2. The characteristics of peer reviewers who produce good-quality reviews

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arthur T. Evans; Robert A. Mcnutt; Suzanne W. Fletcher; Robert H. Fletcher

    1993-01-01

    Objective: To determine the characteristics of good peer reviewers.Design: Cross-sectional analysis of data gathered during a randomized controlled trial.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Setting: The Journal of General Internal Medicine.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Participants: 226 reviewers of 131 consecutively submitted manuscripts of original research. 201 (91%) completed the review and submitted\\u000a a curriculum vitae.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Measurements and main results: The quality of each review was judged on a

  3. Bristol Bay Assessment ? Supplemental Peer Review Reports

    EPA Science Inventory

    These reports represent the results of independent peer reviews of several technical reports submitted to the public docket for the May 2012 draft of the Bristol Bay Assessment, An Assessment of Potential Mining Impacts on Salmon Ecosystems of Bristol Bay, Alaska . ...

  4. Calibrated Peer Review: Introduction - Why Study Geology?

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Elizabeth Heise

    Sarah Andrews is a geologist who has also written a series of successful mystery novels featuring (naturally) a geologist who solves crimes in her spare time. Students read her article, "Why Study Geology?", then write and essay addressing points listed in the Writing Prompt. After this, students are introduced to the process of Calibrated Peer Review and evaluate their papers.

  5. SMART Imagebase: Peer-Reviewed Medical Images

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Michael Lindsay

    2011-01-01

    Electronic resources in the health sciences have historically been bibliographically based, but the need for image content is growing. The SMART Imagebase from EBSCO is a peer-reviewed source for high quality medical images, animations, videos, and monograph content. Nucleus Medical Art, a publisher of online medical illustrations, animations, interactive media, and educational materials for patients, consumers, and health care professionals,

  6. Peer Review Plan Date: 9/6/2013

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Plan Date: 9/6/2013 Source Center: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) St. Petersburg Coastal/memoranda/documents. USGS will select peer reviewers pursuant to requirements in Survey Manual chapter 502.3--Fundamental Science Practices: Peer Review (http://www.usgs.gov/usgs-manual/500/502-3.html). Expected Number

  7. Peer Review Plan Date: 4/20/2011

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Plan Date: 4/20/2011 Source Center: U.S Geological Survey (USGS) Oregon Water Science letters. USGS will select the peer reviewers pursuant to requirements in Survey Manual chapter 502.3--Fundamental Science Practices: Peer Review (http://www.usgs.gov/usgs-manual/500/502-3.html). Expected Number

  8. Peer Review Plan Date: 05/14/2013

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Plan Date: 05/14/2013 Source Center: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Ohio Water Science/memoranda/documents. USGS has selected the peer reviewers pursuant to requirements in Survey Manual chapter 502.3--Fundamental Science Practices: Peer Review (http://www.usgs.gov/usgs-manual/500/502-3.html). Expected Number

  9. Enhancing Peer Review: What Applicants Need to Know Now

    E-print Network

    Bandettini, Peter A.

    1 Enhancing Peer Review: What Applicants Need to Know Now Transcript Accompanying Video of Dr. Alan that have been charged with the implementation of a set of Enhancements to the NIH Peer Review system. Slide those changes are related to the peer review system. We will place particular emphasis on how

  10. University of Glasgow -1-Reform of Peer Review: Response to

    E-print Network

    Glasgow, University of

    University of Glasgow -1- Reform of Peer Review: Response to Consultation Introduction & Summary The University of Glasgow welcomes the opportunity to comment on these proposals for the reform of peer review and the introduction of processes to scrutinise the economic impact of research within the peer review process and we

  11. Peer Review Plan Date: 11/28/2013

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Plan Date: 11/28/2013 Source Center: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Northern Rocky: USGS will select the peer reviewers pursuant to the requirements in Survey Manual chapter 502.3 ­ Fundamental Science Practices: Peer Review (http://www.usgs.gov/usgs-manual/500/502- 3.html). Expected Number

  12. Peer Review Plan Date: 7/23/14

    E-print Network

    Peer Review Plan Date: 7/23/14 Source Center: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Core Science Systems letters and supporting documents. USGS will select the peer reviewers pursuant to requirements in Survey Manual chapter 502.3--Fundamental Science Practices: Peer Review (http://www.usgs.gov/usgs-manual/500

  13. Peer Review Plan Date: 6/9/2011

    E-print Network

    Fleskes, Joe

    Peer Review Plan Date: 6/9/2011 Source Center: U. S. Geological Survey (USGS) Washington Water will be conducted via individual letters. The USGS will select the peer reviewers pursuant to requirements in Survey Manual chapter 502.3 -Fundamental Science Practices: Peer Review (http://www.usgs.gov/usgs-manual/500

  14. Final External Peer Review Report for Freeport Harbor, Texas

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Final External Peer Review Report for Freeport Harbor, Texas Draft Feasibility Report. W911NF-07-D-0001 Task Control Number: 08192 August 20, 2008 #12;FINAL EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW REPORT Battelle Final External Peer Review Report August 20, 2008 TABLE OF CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  15. Final External Peer Review Report for Boston Harbor Navigation Improvement

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Final External Peer Review Report for Boston Harbor Navigation Improvement Prepared by Battelle District Contract No. DACW33-03-D-0004 Delivery Order: CK01 June 3, 2008 #12;FINAL EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW ­ Boston Harbor External Peer Review Report Battelle June 2008 ii TABLE OF CONTENTS Executive Summary

  16. Focusing on Content: Discourse in L2 Peer Review Groups

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vorobel, Oksana; Kim, Deoksoon

    2014-01-01

    Recent studies on peer review groups in second language classes have focused on various topics, including collaboration (Carr, 2008) and the effect of peer review versus teacher feedback on students' writing (Zhang, 1995). One area that has received little attention is the content of students' speech during peer review. This longitudinal…

  17. Using Calibrated Peer Review to Teach Basic Research Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bracke, Marianne S.; Graveel, John G.

    2014-01-01

    Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) is an online tool being used in the class Introduction to Agriculture and Purdue University (AGR 10100) to integrate a writing and research component (http://cpr.molsci.ucla.edu/Home.aspx). Calibrated Peer Review combines the ability to create writing intensive assignments with an introduction to the peer-review

  18. How important tasks are performed: peer review

    E-print Network

    Hartonen, T; 10.1038/srep01679

    2013-01-01

    The advancement of various fields of science depends on the actions of individual scientists via the peer review process. The referees' work patterns and stochastic nature of decision making both relate to the particular features of refereeing and to the universal aspects of human behavior. Here, we show that the time a referee takes to write a report on a scientific manuscript depends on the final verdict. The data is compared to a model, where the review takes place in an ongoing competition of completing an important composite task with a large number of concurrent ones - a Deadline -effect. In peer review human decision making and task completion combine both long-range predictability and stochastic variation due to a large degree of ever-changing external "friction".

  19. Nepotism and sexism in peer-review In the first-ever analysis of peer-review scores for postdoctoral fellowship applications, the

    E-print Network

    McKinley, Kathryn S.

    Nepotism and sexism in peer-review In the first-ever analysis of peer-review scores decided to investigate whether the peer- review system of the Swedish Medical Research Council (MRC), one suggests that peer reviewers cannot judge scientific merit independent of gender. The peer reviewers over

  20. An Open Science Peer Review Oath

    PubMed Central

    Aleksic, Jelena; Alexa, Adrian; Attwood, Teresa K; Chue Hong, Neil; Dahlö, Martin; Davey, Robert; Dinkel, Holger; Förstner, Konrad U; Grigorov, Ivo; Hériché, Jean-Karim; Lahti, Leo; MacLean, Dan; Markie, Michael L; Molloy, Jenny; Schneider, Maria Victoria; Scott, Camille; Smith-Unna, Richard; Vieira, Bruno Miguel

    2015-01-01

    One of the foundations of the scientific method is to be able to reproduce experiments and corroborate the results of research that has been done before. However, with the increasing complexities of new technologies and techniques, coupled with the specialisation of experiments, reproducing research findings has become a growing challenge. Clearly, scientific methods must be conveyed succinctly, and with clarity and rigour, in order for research to be reproducible. Here, we propose steps to help increase the transparency of the scientific method and the reproducibility of research results: specifically, we introduce a peer-review oath and accompanying manifesto. These have been designed to offer guidelines to enable reviewers (with the minimum friction or bias) to follow and apply open science principles, and support the ideas of transparency, reproducibility and ultimately greater societal impact. Introducing the oath and manifesto at the stage of peer review will help to check that the research being published includes everything that other researchers would need to successfully repeat the work. Peer review is the lynchpin of the publishing system: encouraging the community to consciously (and conscientiously) uphold these principles should help to improve published papers, increase confidence in the reproducibility of the work and, ultimately, provide strategic benefits to authors and their institutions. PMID:25653839

  1. Peer Review Committees 2011-2012 REVIEWEES COMMITTEES

    E-print Network

    Peer Review Committees 2011-2012 REVIEWEES COMMITTEES Instructors/Lecturers Opoku-Edusei Bierman that their classes are visited. We will hold our peer review meeting in mid-April. Therefore, I ask that signed, Carleton Kocher (Chair), Fenster, Via Popper (Chair), Cohen, Fagan Sukharev (Chair), Cummings, Higgins Peer

  2. ForPeerReview Wave-cloud lines over northwest Australia

    E-print Network

    Birch, Cathryn

    ForPeerReview Wave-cloud lines over northwest Australia Journal: QJRMS Manuscript ID: QJ-12-0097.R1 northwest Australia Cathryn E. Birch1 and Michael J. Reeder2 For submission to QJRMS 1 Institute for Climate Sciences, Monash University, Australia and Centre of Excellence for Climate System Science, Australia

  3. Factors Associated with Social Interactions between Deaf Children and Their Hearing Peers: A Systematic Literature Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Batten, Georgina; Oakes, Peter M.; Alexander, Tim

    2014-01-01

    Research indicates that deaf children can have marked social difficulties compared with their hearing peers. Factors that influence these social interactions need to be reviewed to inform interventions. A systematic search of 5 key databases and 3 specialized journals identified 14 papers that met the inclusion criteria. Methodological quality of…

  4. ForPeerReview Bayes and Empirical Bayes : do they merge?

    E-print Network

    Rousseau, Judith

    ForPeerReview Bayes and Empirical Bayes : do they merge? Journal: Biometrika Manuscript ID: Draft Scricciolo, Catia; Bocconi Universtiy, Decision Sciences Keywords: Bayeian statistics, empirical Bayes in Great Britain Bayes and empirical Bayes: do they merge? BY S. PETRONE Bocconi University, Milan, Italy

  5. ForPeerReview Microbiology and performance of a methanogenic biofilm reactor during the1

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ForPeerReview 1 Microbiology and performance of a methanogenic biofilm reactor during the1 start 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 CRESSON, R., DABERT, P., BERNET, N. - 2009. Microbiology and performance of a methanogenic biofilm reactor during the start-up period. Journal of Applied Microbiology, vol

  6. ForPeerReview Abnormal Digital Neurovascular Response to Local Heating

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    response in SSc Page 1 of 23 Rheumatology 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 60 HALauthormanuscriptinserm-00273825,version1 HAL author manuscript Rheumatology / British Journal of Rheumatology 2008;:epub ahead of print #12;ForPeerReview 2 Abstract Objectives. To investigate neurovascular

  7. ForPeerReview Gifted girls and non-mathematical aspirations: A

    E-print Network

    Bardsley, John

    ForPeerReview Gifted girls and non-mathematical aspirations: A longitudinal case study of two gifted Korean girls Journal: Gifted Child Quarterly Manuscript ID: Draft Manuscript Type: Original Korean girls choice of non-mathematical fields Gifted girls and non-mathematical aspirations

  8. EB 2010 Trainee Symposium - Publish, Not Perish: How to Survive the Peer Review Process

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    PhD Amira Klip (University of Toronto, The Hospital for Sick Children Programme in Cell Biology)

    2009-04-20

    Publishing the results of your research is vital to a successful career in academia or industry. Based on the outcome of the Trainee Advisory Committee (TAC) Survey, as well as the Professional Skills Document, the TAC has identified that there is a need for trainees to obtain information about the peer review process in order to maximize the success of publishing in scientific journals. Therefore, we have organized a career development session that will elucidate the peer review process and provide effective tools to be able to write, review, and publish high quality scientific manuscripts. Experienced speakers will discuss: 1) how to select a journal; 2) who the reviewers are and what they look for; 3) how to effectively respond to reviewers; and 4) how to be a constructive reviewer.

  9. ‘Why not give us the full story?’: functions of referees’ comments in peer reviews of scientific research papers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hugh Gosden

    2003-01-01

    Peer reviews of research articles submitted to journals are an occluded genre, that is, they are not publicly available documents which are part of the research record. When submitting their first scientific papers to international journals for publication, NNSE (non-native speaker of English) novice researchers face the challenging task of framing effective replies to referees’ criticisms, a complex process requiring

  10. Quality Review in the Peer Review Organization Program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John T. Kelly; Sanford E. Feldman; Jo Ellen H. Ross

    1987-01-01

    Several major, national forces have created the mandate of the Peer Review Organizations (PROS) for the evaluation of the quality of care received by Medicare patients. The shift of the Medicare Program to prospective payment to hospitals has caused con cern that this change in financial incentives may have adverse effects on quality. An analysis and review of the experience

  11. QA REVIEWS: HOW THEY DIFFER FROM PEER REVIEWS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Research papers and reports written by scientists and engineers in the United States Environmental Protection Agency are reviewed by the agency's quality assurance staff. EPA papers and reports are subjected to peer reviews that check for the validity of conclusions and the gener...

  12. Jeffrey F. Kelly Peer-Reviewed Publications

    E-print Network

    Kelly, Jeff

    . In Review. Restoration practices have positive effects on breeding bird species of concern in the Chihuahuan to track small migratory birds. Journal of Field Ornithology 48 Contina, A, ES. Bridge, NS Seavy, JM innovations for tracking migratory birds. Bioscience 61:689-698. 39 Bridge, ES, A Fudickar, JF Kelly

  13. Peer Review Committees 2010-2011 REVIEWEES COMMITTEES

    E-print Network

    Peer Review Committees 2010-2011 REVIEWEES COMMITTEES Instructors/Lecturers Compton Jensen, Sukharev Kocher (Chair), Fenster, Ades Borgia (Chair), Dudash, Bely Peer review assignments are being made's CV, FAR report, scantron teaching reviews and last year's review report will be made available

  14. SCDAP/RELAP5 independent peer review

    SciTech Connect

    Corradini, M.L. [Wisconsin Univ., Madison, WI (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering; Dhir, V.K. [Dhir, (V.K.) Santa Monica, CA (United States); Haste, T.J. [AEA Technology, Winfrith (United Kingdom); Heames, T.J. [Science Applications, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Jenks, R.P. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Kelly, J.E. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Khatib-Rahbar, M. [Energy Research, Inc., Rockville, MD (United States); Viskanta, R. [Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN (United States). Heat Transfer Lab.

    1993-01-01

    The SCDAP/RELAP5 code has been developed for best-estimate transient simulation of light-water-reactor coolant systems during severe accidents. The newest version of the code is SCDAP/RELAP5/MOD3. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) decided that there was a need for a broad technical review of the code by recognized experts to determine overall technical adequacy, even though the code is still under development. For this purpose, an eight-member SCDAP/RELAP5 Peer Review Committee was organized, and the outcome of the review should help the NRC prioritize future code-development activity. Because the code is designed to be mechanistic, the Committee used a higher standard for technical adequacy than was employed in the peer review of the parametric MELCOR code. The Committee completed its review of the SCDAP/RELAP5 code, and the findings are documented in this report. Based on these findings, recommendations in five areas are provided: (1) phenomenological models, (2) code-design objectives, (3) code-targeted applications, (4) other findings, and (5) additional recommendations.

  15. Review of Internet Service Providers and Peering Matthew Renzelmann

    E-print Network

    Akella, Aditya

    Review of Internet Service Providers and Peering Matthew Renzelmann February 11, 2007 1 Introduction This paper discusses the issues that lead ISPs to con- sider peering or transit arrangements with one an- other. Norton considers the technical reasons for peering as well as the financial

  16. Columbia Journalism Review Daily

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The journalism school at Columbia University is held in high-regard by many for their commitment to training journalists that will hold a high standard of quality investigative reporting that will inspire future generations of like-minded individuals. As with many journalism schools, they have made great headway into offering both critique and comment on the changing world of journalism, and the Columbia Journalism Review Daily is a fine example of such efforts. The Daily was born in 2004 with a mandate to monitor coverage of the presidential election campaign, and has continued over the past several years by offering daily (and, at times, hourly) critiques of political journalism and analyses of the broader forces affecting press performance. Visitors to the homepage can read their commentaries and analyses, and also search the entire contents of the Daily via a handy search feature. Additionally, visitors can make their way through the Daily's archives, if they so wish.

  17. Commercial Lighting Solutions, Webtool Peer Review Report

    SciTech Connect

    Jones, Carol C.; Meyer, Tracy A.

    2009-06-17

    The Commercial Lighting Solutions (CLS) project directly supports the U.S. Department of Energy’s Commercial Building Energy Alliance efforts to design high performance buildings. CLS creates energy efficient best practice lighting designs for widespread use, and they are made available to users via an interactive webtool that both educates and guides the end user through the application of the Lighting Solutions. This report summarizes the peer review of the beta version of the CLS webtool, which contains retail box lighting solutions. The methodology for the peer review process included data collection (stakeholder input), analysis of the comments, and organization of the input into categories for prioritization of the comments against a set of criteria. Based on this process, recommendations were developed about which feedback should be addressed for the release of version 1.0 of the webtool at the Lightfair conference in New York City in May 2009. Due to the volume of data (~500 comments) the methodology for addressing the peer review comments was central to the success of the ultimate goal of improving the tool. The comments were first imported into a master spreadsheet, and then grouped and organized in several layers. Solutions to each comment were then rated by importance and feasibility to determine the practicality of resolving the concerns of the commenter in the short-term or long-term. The rating system was used as an analytical tool, but the results were viewed thoughtfully to ensure that they were not the sole the factor in determining which comments were recommended for near-term resolution. The report provides a list of the top ten most significant and relevant improvements that will be made within the webtool for version 1.0 as well as appendices containing the short-term priorities in additional detail. Peer review comments that are considered high priority by the reviewers and the CLS team but cannot be completed for Version 1.0 are listed as long-term recommendations.

  18. A Guide to the Peer Review Process for Clinicians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osman, Shelomo; Shueman, Sharon A.

    1988-01-01

    Explores legal requirements, ethical tenets, documentation standards and skills involved, and clinical implications of peer review by clinical social workers. Emphasizes provider participation in the review process to facilitate a positive review outcome. (Author/ABL)

  19. Peer Review Committees 2012-2013 REVIEWEES COMMITTEES

    E-print Network

    Peer Review Committees 2012-2013 REVIEWEES COMMITTEES Instructors/Lecturers Bierman Woodham Gedan one class is visited. We will hold our peer review meeting(s) in April. Therefore, I ask that signed (Chair), Borgia, Higgins Fenster (Chair), Kocher, Inouye Reviewers listed in bold have been assigned

  20. Improving Writing for International Business through Peer Reviews.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Nathan B.

    This article reviews the development of interactive business letters as a form of peer review of writing, presents the activities's general operation, and discusses its benefits by presenting examples of actual student peer reviews from the International Trade Institute graduate school in Taiwan. Rather than have students read and critique each…

  1. Developmental Classroom Personality and Response to Peer Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McAlexander, Patricia J

    2000-01-01

    Discusses whether written or oral peer review is more successful in developmental composition courses. Concludes that while oral reviews are generally preferred by intermediate developmental students, the success of peer review depends on the conglomerate personality of the class itself, based on the students' writing ability, self-concept,…

  2. Peer Review of Teaching at UTK: An Assessment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bell, Thomas L.; McClam, Tricia

    1992-01-01

    This report reviews the development of the peer review process at The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK) and presents perceptions of the process after 1 year of implementation. The perceptions presented are from a survey of department heads and some faculty who had completed the peer review process. Responses included comments about the…

  3. 7 CFR 3415.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Agriculture (Continued) COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.11...

  4. Problems with traditional science publishing and finding a wider niche for post-publication peer review.

    PubMed

    Teixeira da Silva, Jaime A; Dobránszki, Judit

    2015-01-01

    Science affects multiple basic sectors of society. Therefore, the findings made in science impact what takes place at a commercial level. More specifically, errors in the literature, incorrect findings, fraudulent data, poorly written scientific reports, or studies that cannot be reproduced not only serve as a burden on tax-payers' money, but they also serve to diminish public trust in science and its findings. Therefore, there is every need to fortify the validity of data that exists in the science literature, not only to build trust among peers, and to sustain that trust, but to reestablish trust in the public and private academic sectors that are witnessing a veritable battle-ground in the world of science publishing, in some ways spurred by the rapid evolution of the open access (OA) movement. Even though many science journals, traditional and OA, claim to be peer reviewed, the truth is that different levels of peer review occur, and in some cases no, insufficient, or pseudo-peer review takes place. This ultimately leads to the erosion of quality and importance of science, allowing essentially anything to become published, provided that an outlet can be found. In some cases, predatory OA journals serve this purpose, allowing papers to be published, often without any peer review or quality control. In the light of an explosion of such cases in predatory OA publishing, and in severe inefficiencies and possible bias in the peer review of even respectable science journals, as evidenced by the increasing attention given to retractions, there is an urgent need to reform the way in which authors, editors, and publishers conduct the first line of quality control, the peer review. One way to address the problem is through post-publication peer review (PPPR), an efficient complement to traditional peer-review that allows for the continuous improvement and strengthening of the quality of science publishing. PPPR may also serve as a way to renew trust in scientific findings by correcting the literature. This article explores what is broadly being said about PPPR in the literature, so as to establish awareness and a possible first-tier prototype for the sciences for which such a system is undeveloped or weak. PMID:25275622

  5. Who Reviews the Reviewers? Feasibility of Using a Fictitious Manuscript to Evaluate Peer Reviewer Performance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William G Baxt; Joseph F Waeckerle; Jesse A Berlin; Michael L Callaham

    1998-01-01

    Study objective: To determine whether a fictitious manuscript into which purposeful errors were placed could be used as an instrument to evaluate peer reviewer performance. Methods: An instrument for reviewer evaluation was created in the form of a fictitious manuscript into which deliberate errors were placed in order to develop an approach for the analysis of peer reviewer performance. The

  6. Final Independent External Peer Review Report Engineering, Economic, and Environmental Review of

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Final Independent External Peer Review Report Engineering, Economic, and Environmental Review-TERM ANALYSIS SERVICE (STAS) on Final Independent External Peer Review Report Engineering, Economic St. Louis LRR IEPR i Battelle Final IEPR Report August 3, 2010 FINAL INDEPENDENT EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW

  7. Review of the Projects Peer Review Panel and the Project Research and Development Scheme Summary Report

    E-print Network

    Review of the Projects Peer Review Panel and the Project Research and Development Scheme Summary Peer Review Panel (PPRP) process and the Project Research and Development (PRD) scheme to develop to funding can sometimes be too long with some delays occurring after the peer review process; Proposals

  8. 7 CFR 3411.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. 3411.10 Section...COMPETITIVE GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. Subject to §...

  9. 7 CFR 3401.12 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. 3401.12 Section...RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Applications for Funding... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. Subject to §...

  10. 7 CFR 3400.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. 3400.10 Section...RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. Subject to §...

  11. 42 CFR 52h.3 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. 52h.3 Section 52h...SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. (a) To the...

  12. 7 CFR 3400.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. 3400.10 Section...RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. Subject to §...

  13. 42 CFR 52h.3 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. 52h.3 Section 52h...SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. (a) To the...

  14. 7 CFR 3401.12 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. 3401.12 Section...RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Applications for Funding... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. Subject to §...

  15. 7 CFR 3401.12 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. 3401.12 Section...RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Applications for Funding... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. Subject to §...

  16. 7 CFR 3400.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. 3400.10 Section...RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. Subject to §...

  17. 7 CFR 3400.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. 3400.10 Section...RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. Subject to §...

  18. 42 CFR 52h.3 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. 52h.3 Section 52h...SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. (a) To the...

  19. 7 CFR 3401.12 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. 3401.12 Section...RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Applications for Funding... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. Subject to §...

  20. 7 CFR 3411.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. 3411.10 Section...COMPETITIVE GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. Subject to §...

  1. 42 CFR 52h.3 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. 52h.3 Section 52h...SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. (a) To the...

  2. 7 CFR 3400.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. 3400.10 Section...RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. Subject to §...

  3. 7 CFR 3401.12 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. 3401.12 Section...RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Applications for Funding... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. Subject to §...

  4. 42 CFR 52h.3 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. 52h.3 Section 52h...SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS... Establishment and operation of peer review groups. (a) To the...

  5. 7 CFR 3400.21 - Scientific peer review for research activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Peer and Merit Review Arranged by Grantees § 3400.21 Scientific peer review for research activities. Scientific peer review is...

  6. EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW REPORT Sabine-Neches Waterway (SNWW) Channel Improvement Plan (CIP) Draft Feasibility

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    FINAL EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW REPORT for Sabine-Neches Waterway (SNWW) Channel Improvement Plan (CIP, policy, or decision, unless so designated by other documentation. #12;FINAL ­ SNWW External Peer Review......................................................................................... 1 1.2 Purpose of External Peer Review

  7. Final Independent External Peer Review Report Leon Creek Watershed Feasibility Study, San Antonio,

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Final Independent External Peer Review Report Leon Creek Watershed Feasibility Study, San Antonio Peer Review Report Leon Creek Watershed Feasibility Study, San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas Independent External Peer Review Report Leon Creek Watershed Feasibility Study, San Antonio, Bexar County

  8. ForPeerReview Greased hedgehogs new links between hedgehog

    E-print Network

    Breitling, Rainer

    ForPeerReview 1 Greased hedgehogs ­ new links between hedgehog signaling and cholesterol metabolismPeerReview 2 Summary The close link between signaling by the developmental regulators of the Hedgehog family can now be the target of a focused search. Key words: Hedgehog signaling, Developmental biology

  9. Peer Review Summary Document (2/18/2014)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Summary Document (2/18/2014) http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review/docs/anthrax_geochemistry-soils_contiguousUS.pdf. [20 KB PDF] Title and Authorship of Information Product Disseminated Anthrax and the Geochemistry for significance differences between counties with and without confirmed anthrax outbreaks (89 sample sites located

  10. Pauses and Co-Construction in Chinese Peer Review Discussions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sun, Hao

    Using a comparative rhetoric model, a study examined the discourse behavior of native speakers of American English conducting peer review discussions in English and that of native speakers of Chinese performing the same task in Chinese. Data are drawn from audiotape recordings of peer review discussions of eight college students, conducted in…

  11. ForPeerReview SEROCONVERSION TO HEPATITIS C VIRUS ALTERNATE

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ForPeerReview SEROCONVERSION TO HEPATITIS C VIRUS ALTERNATE READING FRAME PROTEIN DURING THE ACUTE de Bacteriologie and Virologie Keywords: ARFP, antibodies, acute hepatitis C, seroconversion (Baltimore, Md.) 2009;49(5):1449-59" DOI : 10.1002/hep.22821 #12;ForPeerReview SEROCONVERSION TO HEPATITIS C

  12. ForPeerReview Mapping swamp timothy (Crypsis schoenoides) seed

    E-print Network

    Quinn, Nigel

    ForPeerReview Only Mapping swamp timothy (Crypsis schoenoides) seed productivity using spectral timothy, crypsis schoenoides http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/tres Email: IJRS 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 #12;ForPeerReview Only Mapping swamp timothy (Crypsis

  13. The Great Fossil Fiasco: Teaching about Peer Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gift, Nancy; Krasny, Marianne

    2003-01-01

    Describes a lesson that engages middle school students in learning about peer review. Uses the article "Archaeoraptor Fossil Trail," which was published in the November, 1999 issue of "National Geographic" as an example of a real life story of how peer review forces scientists to critically re-examine a fossil discovery. (SOE)

  14. Web-based peer review: the learner as both adapter and reviewer

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric Zhi-Feng Liu; Sunny S. J. Lin; Chi-Huang Chiu; Shyan-Ming Yuan

    2001-01-01

    This study describes an effective web-based learning strategy, peer review, used by 143 computer science undergraduate students in an operating systems class at a Taiwanese university. Peer review, based on social constructivism, can be easily implemented via the authors' well-developed web-based peer review (WPR) system. Through peer review, the authors hope to form an authentic learning environment similar to an

  15. Evolution of peer review: enhancing communication through team review.

    PubMed

    Buckley, J

    1995-11-01

    Few institutions have successfully implemented peer review. It is considered a hallmark of the nursing profession and in theory has positive effects by stimulating personal and professional development and challenging nurses to think critically about their practice. The key is that the change must be managed, unit readiness assessed, and an implementation plan developed. It is suggested that all members of the critical care team be involved in the review process. Characteristics of a unit that is ready to implement team review are presented and discussed. PMID:7584310

  16. Electronic peer review and peer grading in computer-science courses

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edward F. Gehringer

    2001-01-01

    We have implemented a peer-grading system for review of student assignments over the World-Wide Web and used it in approximately eight computer-science courses. Students prepare their assignments and submit them to our Peer Grader (PG) system. Other students are then assigned to review and grade the assignments. The system allows authors and reviewers to communicate with authors being able to

  17. This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Journal of leukocyte biology following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of leukocyte biology following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version J Leukoc Biol. 2007 Oncology, Erasme Hospital, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Route de Lennik 808, 1070 Brussels, Belgium ** U

  18. 45 CFR 96.136 - Independent peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Individual peer reviewers must also be knowledgeable about the modality being reviewed and its underlying theoretical approach to addictions treatment, and must be sensitive to the cultural and environmental issues that may influence the quality of the...

  19. Information Quality in Regulatory Decision Making: Peer Review versus Good Laboratory Practice

    PubMed Central

    Borgert, Christopher J.; Mihaich, Ellen M.

    2012-01-01

    Background: There is an ongoing discussion on the provenance of toxicity testing data regarding how best to ensure its validity and credibility. A central argument is whether journal peer-review procedures are superior to Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) standards employed for compliance with regulatory mandates. Objective: We sought to evaluate the rationale for regulatory decision making based on peer-review procedures versus GLP standards. Method: We examined pertinent published literature regarding how scientific data quality and validity are evaluated for peer review, GLP compliance, and development of regulations. Discussion: Some contend that peer review is a coherent, consistent evaluative procedure providing quality control for experimental data generation, analysis, and reporting sufficient to reliably establish relative merit, whereas GLP is seen as merely a tracking process designed to thwart investigator corruption. This view is not supported by published analyses pointing to subjectivity and variability in peer-review processes. Although GLP is not designed to establish relative merit, it is an internationally accepted quality assurance, quality control method for documenting experimental conduct and data. Conclusions: Neither process is completely sufficient for establishing relative scientific soundness. However, changes occurring both in peer-review processes and in regulatory guidance resulting in clearer, more transparent communication of scientific information point to an emerging convergence in ensuring information quality. The solution to determining relative merit lies in developing a well-documented, generally accepted weight-of-evidence scheme to evaluate both peer-reviewed and GLP information used in regulatory decision making where both merit and specific relevance inform the process. PMID:22343028

  20. Alternatives to Peer Review: Novel Approaches for Research Evaluation

    PubMed Central

    Birukou, Aliaksandr; Wakeling, Joseph Rushton; Bartolini, Claudio; Casati, Fabio; Marchese, Maurizio; Mirylenka, Katsiaryna; Osman, Nardine; Ragone, Azzurra; Sierra, Carles; Wassef, Aalam

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we review several novel approaches for research evaluation. We start with a brief overview of the peer review, its controversies, and metrics for assessing efficiency and overall quality of the peer review. We then discuss five approaches, including reputation-based ones, that come out of the research carried out by the LiquidPub project and research groups collaborated with LiquidPub. Those approaches are alternative or complementary to traditional peer review. We discuss pros and cons of the proposed approaches and conclude with a vision for the future of the research evaluation, arguing that no single system can suit all stakeholders in various communities. PMID:22174702

  1. Alternatives to peer review: novel approaches for research evaluation.

    PubMed

    Birukou, Aliaksandr; Wakeling, Joseph Rushton; Bartolini, Claudio; Casati, Fabio; Marchese, Maurizio; Mirylenka, Katsiaryna; Osman, Nardine; Ragone, Azzurra; Sierra, Carles; Wassef, Aalam

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we review several novel approaches for research evaluation. We start with a brief overview of the peer review, its controversies, and metrics for assessing efficiency and overall quality of the peer review. We then discuss five approaches, including reputation-based ones, that come out of the research carried out by the LiquidPub project and research groups collaborated with LiquidPub. Those approaches are alternative or complementary to traditional peer review. We discuss pros and cons of the proposed approaches and conclude with a vision for the future of the research evaluation, arguing that no single system can suit all stakeholders in various communities. PMID:22174702

  2. This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Journal of Tropical Pediatrics following peer review.

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Journal: Africa, infant feeding, HIV-1, mother-to-child transmission HALauthormanuscriptinserm-00189808,version1 #12;Journal of Tropical Pediatrics (in press) 3 INTRODUCTION In sub-Saharan Africa, 55% of adults

  3. Quality Control and Peer Review of Data Sets: Mapping Data Archiving Processes to Data Publication Requirements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mayernik, M. S.; Daniels, M.; Eaker, C.; Strand, G.; Williams, S. F.; Worley, S. J.

    2012-12-01

    Data sets exist within scientific research and knowledge networks as both technical and non-technical entities. Establishing the quality of data sets is a multi-faceted task that encompasses many automated and manual processes. Data sets have always been essential for science research, but now need to be more visible as first-class scholarly objects at national, international, and local levels. Many initiatives are establishing procedures to publish and curate data sets, as well as to promote professional rewards for researchers that collect, create, manage, and preserve data sets. Traditionally, research quality has been assessed by peer review of textual publications, e.g. journal articles, conference proceedings, and books. Citation indices then provide standard measures of productivity used to reward individuals for their peer-reviewed work. Whether a similar peer review process is appropriate for assessing and ensuring the quality of data sets remains as an open question. How does the traditional process of peer review apply to data sets? This presentation will describe current work being done at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in the context of the Peer REview for Publication & Accreditation of Research Data in the Earth sciences (PREPARDE) project. PREPARDE is assessing practices and processes for data peer review, with the goal of developing recommendations. NCAR data management teams perform various kinds of quality assessment and review of data sets prior to making them publicly available. The poster will investigate how notions of peer review relate to the types of data review already in place at NCAR. We highlight the data set characteristics and management/archiving processes that challenge the traditional peer review processes by using a number of questions as probes, including: Who is qualified to review data sets? What formal and informal documentation is necessary to allow someone outside of a research team to review a data set? What data set review can be done pre-publication, and what must be done post-publication? What components of the data sets review processes can be automated, and what components will always require human expertise and evaluation?

  4. Development of the Review Quality Instrument (RQI) for Assessing Peer Reviews of Manuscripts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan van Rooyen; Nick Black; Fiona Godlee

    1999-01-01

    Research on the value of peer review is limited by the lack of a validated instrument to measure the quality of reviews. The aim of this study was to develop a simple, reliable, and valid scale that could be used in studies of peer review. A Review Quality Instrument (RQI) that assesses the extent to which a reviewer has commented

  5. Evaluating Topic-Word Review Analysis for Understanding Student Peer Review Performance

    E-print Network

    Litman, Diane J.

    Evaluating Topic-Word Review Analysis for Understanding Student Peer Review Performance Wenting a baseline in terms of capturing student reviewing/writing performance. While users generally identify student writ- ing/reviewing performance correctly, participants who have prior teaching or peer-review

  6. Incorporating student peer review and feedback into the assessment process

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jack McGourty; Peter Dominick; Richard R. Reilly

    1998-01-01

    The paper provides a detailed discussion of the design, application, and results of a computer-based approach used to solicit student self and peer assessment and feedback on nine learning outcomes linked to ABET 2000. Several issues are addressed including: the efficacy of student self and peer review, correlation with faculty ratings, faculty and student acceptance, and process management

  7. Peer Mentoring for Health Behavior Change: A Systematic Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petosa, R. L.; Smith, Laureen H.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Peer mentoring can be a powerful complement to health instruction. Mentoring has been used to change health behaviors and promote sustainable lifestyle patterns in adults and, more recently, among adolescents. Purpose: This article reviews the use of peer mentoring to promote health practices and describes how this approach can be used…

  8. Facilitating Improved Writing among Students through Directed Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crossman, Joanne M.; Kite, Stacey L.

    2012-01-01

    This study contributes to scant empirical investigation of peer critique of writing among heterogeneously grouped native and nonnative speakers of English, now commonplace in higher education. This mixed-methods study investigated the use of directed peer review to improve writing among graduate students, the majority of whom were nonnative…

  9. December 2, 2013 Final Independent External Peer Review Report

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    December 2, 2013 Final Independent External Peer Review Report Hereford Inlet to Cape May Inlet District Contract No. W912HQ-10-D-0002 Task Order: 0032 #12;Hereford Inlet to Cape May Inlet IEPR Final IEPR Report #12;Hereford Inlet to Cape May Inlet IEPR Final IEPR Report Final Independent External Peer

  10. [The peer review procedure and its place in medicine].

    PubMed

    Chop, Ines; Eberlein-Gonska, Maria

    2012-01-01

    Peer Review literally meaning "re-inspection by a peer" is a special form of external evaluation whose roots go back to Ancient Greece and which is widely employed in science to assess manuscripts submitted for publication. In the medical context the Peer Review process is defined as structured critical self-reflection through dialogue with colleagues. Its prime objective is to improve the quality of patient care by identifying potentials for improvement and by deriving an action plan. Amongst other things, this includes medical standards and guidelines, indications and their traceability, the monitoring of the treatment process as well as the interdisciplinary cooperation and teamwork between different professional groups. The Peer Review practice in Germany has received strong impetus from comprehensive hospital operator projects like IQM, the "Initiative Qualitätsmedizin", and the Peer Review practice in intensive care. This practice, which has primarily been developed by practitioners for practitioners of their own accord, offers the chance to integrate medical quality with little bureaucratic effort and direct transfer of knowledge back into daily clinical work. Another important approach to promote peer reviewer qualifications is the curriculum "Medical Peer Review", which has been published by the German Medical Association since 2011. (As supplied by publisher). PMID:23084858

  11. ForPeerReview Modeling the structure of mAb 14B7 bound to the anthrax protective

    E-print Network

    Gray, Jeffrey J.

    ForPeerReview Modeling the structure of mAb 14B7 bound to the anthrax protective antigen Journal, Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science Key Words: affinity maturation, anthrax toxin to the Anthrax Protective Antigen Arvind Sivasubramanian,1 Jennifer A. Maynard2 and Jeffrey J. Gray1, 3, 4* 1

  12. ROAST: Peer Review as a Learning and Assessment Tool in Graduate Education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Somerville, R. C.

    2003-12-01

    Constructivist learning theory and inquiry-based educational practice stress the parallels between learning and research. Although peer review has long been a central feature of the working lives of research scientists, it has rarely found its way into the classroom. Motivated by this thought, an imaginary journal, Reviews of Atmospheric Science Topics (ROAST), has been integrated into a graduate-level course in atmospheric thermodynamics. The instructor acts as editor of ROAST. Students in the class are divided into teams and assigned topics on which to write survey papers and give in-class presentations, using the text, the Internet, the library, and other resources. The assigned topics range over the subject matter of the course. The submitted survey papers are sent by the ROAST editor to other members of the class, acting as anonymous reviewers. Just as in the case of real research journals, the editor asks the authors to respond to criticisms of reviewers and then sends the revised papers back to the reviewers. Each student is thus a researcher and co-author of one paper as well as an anonymous reviewer of several others. ROAST has proven to be not only a useful means of fostering learning, but also a natural and effective assessment tool. The peer review mechanism allows the student authors to address the defects in their papers, and hence in their learning, as pointed out not by an authority figure or an examination but by their own peers. As an important side benefit, the students gain experience with the peer review process itself and come to appreciate its strengths and weaknesses in evaluating scientific papers.

  13. Conflicts of interest in biomedical publications: considerations for authors, peer reviewers, and editors

    PubMed Central

    Gasparyan, Armen Yuri; Ayvazyan, Lilit; Akazhanov, Nurbek A.; Kitas, George D.

    2013-01-01

    This article overviews evidence on common instances of conflict of interest (COI) in research publications from general and specialized fields of biomedicine. Financial COIs are viewed as the most powerful source of bias, which may even distort citation outcomes of sponsored publications. The urge to boost journal citation indicators by stakeholders of science communication is viewed as a new secondary interest, which may compromize the interaction between authors, peer reviewers, and editors. Comprehensive policies on disclosure of financial and non-financial COIs in scholarly journals are presented as proxies of their indexing in evidence-based databases, and examples of successful medical journals are discussed in detail. Reports on clinical trials, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and clinical practice guidelines may be unduly influenced by author-pharmaceutical industry relations, but these publications do not always contain explicit disclosures to allow the readers to judge the reliability of the published conclusions and practice-changing recommendations. The article emphasizes the importance of adhering to the guidance on COI from learned associations such as the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). It also considers joint efforts of authors, peer reviewers, and editors as a foundation for appropriately defining and disclosing potential COIs. PMID:24382859

  14. This is an Accepted Article that has been peer-reviewed and approved for publication in the FEBS Journal, but has yet to undergo copy-editing and proof correction. Please cite this article as an "Accepted Article"; doi

    E-print Network

    Chait, Brian T.

    This is an Accepted Article that has been peer-reviewed and approved for publication in the FEBS, 360 Huntington Ave. Boston, MA 02115. Email: j.manning@neu.edu, Phone: 617-373-5267 Fax: 617-373-4496 Article type : Review Article #12;SUMMARY The expression of the six types of human hemoglobin subunits

  15. The Impact of Peer Review on Writing in a Psychology Course: Lessons Learned

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bhullar, Naureen; Rose, Karen C.; Utell, Janine M.; Healey, Kathryn N.

    2014-01-01

    The authors assessed the impact of peer review on student writing in four sections of an undergraduate Developmental Psychology course. They hypothesized that peer review would result in better writing in the peer review group compared to the group with no peer review. Writing was rated independently by two instructors who were blind to the…

  16. Peer Portal: Quality Enhancement in Thesis Writing Using Self-Managed Peer Review on a Mass Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aghaee, Naghmeh; Hansson, Henrik

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes a specially developed online peer-review system, the Peer Portal, and the first results of its use for quality enhancement of bachelor's and master's thesis manuscripts. The peer-review system is completely student driven and therefore saves time for supervisors and creates a direct interaction between students without…

  17. American Journalism Review

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Published under the careful hand of staff members at the Philip Merrill College of Journalism at the University of Maryland, the American Journalism Review comes out six times a year. The print magazine is available here for the general public in an electronic format, and contains articles ranging from the changing media landscape in the United States and to discussions about whether newsrooms should use the names of illegal immigrants in their reporting on various events. If visitors so desire, they may also browse the archives of this publication all the way back to 1991. Those in the field of journalism (or those who are just curious about the field) should browse on over to the â??Resourcesâ?ť area. Here they can learn about journalism fellowships and look over a list of helpful â??Reportersâ?? Toolsâ?ť, which are essentially links to like-minded sites. For those looking for a break from the normal supply of stoic headlines, there is the â??Take 2â?ť area of the site. With just a click of the mouse, users can read a number of funny errors and clever headlines culled straight from the wide world of the American media.

  18. 7 CFR 3415.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.11...

  19. 7 CFR 3415.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.11...

  20. 7 CFR 3415.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.11...

  1. ForPeerReview Persuasive communication and advertising efficacy for

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ForPeerReview Persuasive communication and advertising efficacy for public health policy Research Article Keywords: Persuasive communication, Pragmatics, Social advertising, Health communication and preventive advertising. http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/commresearch Communication Researchhalshs-00410054

  2. ForPeerReview Extracting Mechanical Energy from Electrically Stimulated

    E-print Network

    Durfee, William K.

    ForPeerReview Only Extracting Mechanical Energy from Electrically Stimulated Quadriceps Muscle Extracting Mechanical Energy from Electrically Stimulated Quadriceps Muscle Abstract OBJECTIVE: To measure the energy that can be extracted from the electrically stimulated quadriceps muscle during leg lifts

  3. 7 CFR 3415.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.11 Composition of...

  4. Peer Review Summary Document (7/30/2012)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    of unconventional oil and gas development at the John Wesley Powell Center for Analysis and Synthesis. Peer Reviewer-water and groundwater quality in areas of unconventional oil and gas development at the John Wesley Powell Center

  5. Final Independent External Peer Review Report Bubbly Creek Ecosystem Restoration

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Final Independent External Peer Review Report Bubbly Creek Ecosystem Restoration Feasibility Study National Planning Center of Expertise for Ecosystem Restoration Mississippi Valley Division Contract No. W Report Bubbly Creek Ecosystem Restoration Feasibility Study Prepared by Battelle 505 King Avenue Columbus

  6. ForPeerReview Dissecting the Uncinate Fasciculus: Disorders,

    E-print Network

    Olson, Ingrid

    ForPeerReview Dissecting the Uncinate Fasciculus: Disorders, Controversies, and a Hypothesis: Uncinate Fasciculus Page 1 Dissecting the Uncinate Fasciculus: Disorders, Controversies, and a Hypothesis the Uncinate Fasciculus: Disorders, Controversies, and a Hypothesis 1. Introduction The uncinate fasciculus (UF

  7. 42 CFR 67.103 - Peer review of contract proposals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...103 Section 67.103 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING AGENCY FOR HEALTH CARE POLICY AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Peer Review of Contracts for Health...

  8. Comparing Peer Review and Self-Review as Ways to Improve College Students' Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Covill, Amy E.

    2010-01-01

    The effect of three approaches to revision instruction on 61 college students' revision behavior and writing quality was investigated for this article. Students wrote three 5-page papers and received one of three instructional approaches: Formal Peer Review (n = 19), Formal Self-Review (n = 20), or No Formal Review (n = 22). Formal Peer Review

  9. The JSC Engineering Directorate Product Peer Review Process

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jenks, Kenneth C.

    2009-01-01

    The JSC Engineering Directorate has developed a Product Peer Review process in support of NASA policies for project management and systems engineering. The process complies with the requirements of NPR 7120.5, NPR 7123.1 and NPR 7150.2 and follows the guidance in NASA/SP-2007-6105. This presentation will give an overview of the process followed by a brief demonstration of an actual peer review, with audience participation.

  10. Peer-review in a world with rational scientists: Toward selection of the average

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thurner, S.; Hanel, R.

    2011-12-01

    It is widely believed that one of the virtues of peer review is that it provides a self-regulating selection mechanism for scientific work, papers and projects. Peer review as a selection mechanism is hard to evaluate in terms of its efficiency. Serious efforts to understand its strengths and weaknesses have not yet lead to conclusive answers. In theory peer review works if the involved parties (editors and referees) conform to a set of requirements, such as love for high quality science, objectiveness, and absence of biases, nepotism, friend and clique networks, selfishness, etc. If these requirements are violated, what is the effect on the selection of high quality work? We study this question with a simple agent based model. In particular we are interested in the effects of rational referees, who might not have any incentive to see high quality work other than their own published or promoted. We find that a small fraction of incorrect (selfish or rational) referees is sufficient to drastically lower the quality of the published (accepted) scientific standard. We determine the fraction for which peer review will no longer perform better than pure chance. Decline of quality of accepted scientific work is shown as a function of the fraction of rational and unqualified referees. We show how a simple quality-increasing policy of e.g. a journal can lead to additional loss in overall scientific quality, and how mutual support-networks of authors and referees deteriorate the system.

  11. Medical students as peer tutors: a systematic review

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background While Peer Assisted Learning (PAL) has long occurred informally in medical education, in the past ten years, there has been increasing international interest in formally organised PAL, with many benefits for both the students and institutions. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to establish why and how PAL has been implemented, focussing on the recruitment and training process for peer tutors, the benefits for peer tutors, and the competency of peer tutors. Method A literature search was conducted in three electronic databases. Selection of titles and abstracts were made based on pre-determined eligibility criteria. We utilized the ‘AMEE Peer assisted learning: a planning and implementation framework: AMEE Guide no. 30’ to assist us in establishing the review aims in a systematic review of the literature between 2002 and 2012. Six key questions were developed and used in our analysis of particular aspects of PAL programs within medical degree programs. Results We found nineteen articles that satisfied our inclusion criteria. The PAL activities fell into three broad categories of teacher training, peer teaching and peer assessment. Variability was found in the reporting of tutor recruitment and training processes, tutor outcomes, and tutor competencies. Conclusion Results from this review suggest that there are many perceived learning benefits for student tutors. However, there were mixed results regarding the accuracy of peer assessment and feedback, and no substantial evidence to conclude that participation as a peer tutor improves one’s own examination performance. Further research into PAL in medicine is required if we are to better understand the relative impact and benefits for student tutors. PMID:24912500

  12. Version 1.0 Peer Review Framework: Accessing information about Research Council

    E-print Network

    Crowther, Paul

    1 Version 1.0 June 2014 Peer Review Framework: Accessing information about Research Council on funding. 1.3 Proposals are assessed by a process known as Peer Review which usually involves a two of successful Proposals for funding. 1.4 The Peer Review Framework is designed to explain: i. How the Peer

  13. How Peer Review Teams will work Cesnik, Catherine M 0 'Darren.Mollot@HQ.DOE.GOV'

    E-print Network

    Fleskes, Joe

    Marcia, How Peer Review Teams will work I Cesnik, Catherine M 0 'Darren.Mollot@HQ.DOE.GOV' Cc: ~Mc, plume, etc.) already include groups of peers, that their numbers could be considered peer reviewed. Thus that would eliminate the need for duplicate subteams to peer review each subteam. That would leave Bill Rees

  14. Effect of open peer review on quality of reviews and on reviewers' recommendations: a randomised trial

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan van Rooyen; Fiona Godlee; Stephen Evans; Nick Black; Richard Smith

    1999-01-01

    Objectives To examine the effect on peer review of asking reviewers to have their identity revealed to the authors of the paper. Design Randomised trial. Consecutive eligible papers were sent to two reviewers who were randomised to have their identity revealed to the authors or to remain anonymous. Editors and authors were blind to the intervention. Main outcome measures The

  15. Department of Teaching, Learning and Culture Process for Post-Tenure Peer Review The Department has an elected faculty evaluation committee that does peer reviews of all

    E-print Network

    Boas, Harold P.

    Department of Teaching, Learning and Culture Process for Post-Tenure Peer Review The Department has an elected faculty evaluation committee that does peer reviews of all tenure-line faculty annual evaluation and Human Development Guidelines approved on August 2, 2011, the committee will now provide peer review

  16. Rewarding Peer Reviewers: Maintaining the Integrity of Science Communication

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    This article overviews currently available options for rewarding peer reviewers. Rewards and incentives may help maintain the quality and integrity of scholarly publications. Publishers around the world implemented a variety of financial and nonfinancial mechanisms for incentivizing their best reviewers. None of these is proved effective on its own. A strategy of combined rewards and credits for the reviewers1 creative contributions seems a workable solution. Opening access to reviews and assigning publication credits to the best reviews is one of the latest achievements of digitization. Reviews, posted on academic networking platforms, such as Publons, add to the transparency of the whole system of peer review. Reviewer credits, properly counted and displayed on individual digital profiles, help distinguish the best contributors, invite them to review and offer responsible editorial posts.

  17. Protecting Peer-review: Correspondence Chronology and Ethical Analysis Regarding Logothetis vs. Shmuel and Leopold

    PubMed Central

    Fox, Peter T.; Bullmore, Ed; Bandettini, Peter A.; Lancaster, Jack L.

    2009-01-01

    Editors of scientific journals are ethically bound to provide a fair and impartial peer-review process and to protect the rights of contributing authors to publish research results. If, however, a dispute arises among investigators regarding data ownership and the right to publish, the ethical responsibilities of journal editors become more complex. The editors of Human Brain Mapping recently had the unusual experience of learning of an ongoing dispute regarding data-access rights pertaining to a manuscript already accepted for publication. Herein the editors describe the nature of the dispute, the steps taken to explore and resolve the conflict, and discuss the ethical principles that govern such circumstances. Drawing on this experience and with the goal of avoiding future controversies, the editors have formulated a Data Rights Policy and a Data Rights Procedure for Human Brain Mapping. Human Brain Mapping adopts this policy effective immediately and respectfully suggests that other journals consider adopting this or similar policies. PMID:19067328

  18. Early editorial manuscript screening versus obligate peer review: a randomized trial.

    PubMed

    Johnston, S Claiborne; Lowenstein, Daniel H; Ferriero, Donna M; Messing, Robert O; Oksenberg, Jorge R; Hauser, Stephen L

    2007-04-01

    Peer review is a cornerstone of scientific publication. However, it is time consuming for reviewers and contributors, and must be balanced with editorial oversight for balance and bias. To test a more efficient method of reviewing manuscripts, we performed a randomized trial comparing traditional peer review for all manuscripts received by the Annals of Neurology with an early screening approach in which six editors rejected a manuscript without external review when the chance of acceptance was deemed very low. Of the 351 manuscripts entered into the trial, 88 were randomized to traditional external review and 263 to early screening. Rates of final acceptance were similar in the two groups (p = 0.41). Final decisions were more delayed for traditional review (mean 48 days versus 18 days with early screening; p < 0.0001) and more reviewers were required for each manuscript (mean 2.3 versus 0.7 with early screening; p < 0.0001). Among accepted manuscripts, reviewer ratings of scientific and clinical impact were similar. We conclude that a method of early screening of manuscripts for appropriateness for publication results in substantial decreases in the time between manuscript submission and publication decisions, and reduces the burden on reviewers with minimal impact on the quality of accepted manuscripts. Editorial screening is now journal policy. PMID:17444512

  19. Independent peer review of nuclear safety computer codes

    SciTech Connect

    Boyack, B.E.; Jenks, R.P.

    1993-01-01

    A structured process of independent computer code peer review has been developed to assist the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the US Department of Energy in their nuclear safety missions. This paper focuses on the process that evolved during recent reviews of NRC codes.

  20. Independent peer review of nuclear safety computer codes

    SciTech Connect

    Boyack, B.E.; Jenks, R.P.

    1993-02-01

    A structured process of independent computer code peer review has been developed to assist the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the US Department of Energy in their nuclear safety missions. This paper focuses on the process that evolved during recent reviews of NRC codes.

  1. IN PRESS, ADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR Positive Assortment for Peer Review

    E-print Network

    Thompson-Schill, Sharon

    1 IN PRESS, ADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR Positive Assortment for Peer Review C. Athena Aktipis* Dept conscientious behavior on the part of reviewers that does not rely on financial transactions or punitive similar prosocial characteristics, is an essential ingredient in the recipe for promoting cooperation

  2. A PEER REVIEWED FORUM Somite Development in Zebrafish

    E-print Network

    Devoto, Stephen H.

    REVIEWS A PEER REVIEWED FORUM Somite Development in Zebrafish HEATHER L. STICKNEY, MICHAEL J epithelialization, and somite patterning. The zebrafish has long been recog- nized as an ideal organism for cellular complementary approach to these embryological studies, as genetic screens for zebrafish mutants defective

  3. A Web-Based Interface for Student Peer Review, Problem-Based Learning, and Peer Pressure

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Joshua Duke

    2003-01-01

    Because many students in land-grant colleges focus their studies in the natural sciences, they often find the writing assignments associated with classes in the social science of natural resource management to be especially challenging. Such writing assignments tend to depend on argumentation, rather than finding the answer, or controlled experimentation. This paper describes developing and implementing a web-based interface for a course in environmental law to overcome some of these difficulties. In a problem-based learning context, the interface promotes student peer review, which improves argumentation. Data suggest that students are comfortable learning in groups and that learning becomes easier when coupled with group activities, including peer review through the interface. In addition, the quality of student argumentation is found to improve through peer pressure.

  4. Reviewing manuscripts for the journal of genetic counseling: practical suggestions.

    PubMed

    Venne, Vickie

    2015-04-01

    The Journal of Genetic Counseling is the literary voice of our profession and our scholarship is only as good as the articles that are accepted. A quality review assists the editor in making publication decisions and enhances the manuscripts that are published, ultimately benefitting our profession and the public. Perhaps you are new to the reviewing process and/or you wonder about the sorts of things that make for a good review. The purpose of this article is to provide general guidance to enhance your experience of peer review. While the focus is research manuscripts, many of the guidelines will be similar for case reports, reviews, or professional issues papers. PMID:25527418

  5. Journalism and Institutional Review Boards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dash, Leon

    2007-01-01

    The author opposes any Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) overseeing the work of journalism professors and journalism students in any academic institution. He argues that the tendency for IRBs to require anonymity for persons interviewed immediately reduces the credibility of any journalistic story. The composition of an IRB is questioned on…

  6. Genetics and Peer Relations: A Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brendgen, Mara

    2012-01-01

    Researchers have become increasingly interested in uncovering how genetic factors work together with the peer environment in influencing development. This article offers an overview of the state of knowledge. It first describes the different types of gene-environment correlations (rGE) and gene-environment interactions (GxE) that are of relevance…

  7. A Study of Technical Engineering Peer Reviews at NASA

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chao, Lawrence P.; Tumer, Irem Y.; Bell, David G.

    2003-01-01

    This report describes the state of practices of design reviews at NASA and research into what can be done to improve peer review practices. There are many types of reviews at NASA: required and not, formalized and informal, programmatic and technical. Standing project formal reviews such as the Preliminary Design Review and Critical Design Review are a required part of every project and mission development. However, the technical, engineering peer reviews that support teams' work on such projects are informal, some times ad hoc, and inconsistent across the organization. The goal of this work is to identify best practices and lessons learned from NASA's experience, supported by academic research and methodologies to ultimately improve the process. This research has determined that the organization, composition, scope, and approach of the reviews impact their success. Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) can identify key areas of concern before or in the reviews. Product definition tools like the Project Priority Matrix, engineering-focused Customer Value Chain Analysis (CVCA), and project or system-based Quality Function Deployment (QFD) help prioritize resources in reviews. The use of information technology and structured design methodologies can strengthen the engineering peer review process to help NASA work towards error-proofing the design process.

  8. Calibrated peer review assignments for the earth sciences

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Rudd, J.A., II; Wang, V.Z.; Cervato, C.; Ridky, R.W.

    2009-01-01

    Calibrated Peer Review ??? (CPR), a web-based instructional tool developed as part of the National Science Foundation reform initiatives in undergraduate science education, allows instructors to incorporate multiple writing assignments in large courses without overwhelming the instructor. This study reports successful implementation of CPR in a large, introductory geology course and student learning of geoscience content. For each CPR assignment in this study, students studied web-based and paper resources, wrote an essay, and reviewed seven essays (three from the instructor, three from peers, and their own) on the topic. Although many students expressed negative attitudes and concerns, particularly about the peer review process of this innovative instructional approach, they also recognized the learning potential of completing CPR assignments. Comparing instruction on earthquakes and plate boundaries using a CPR assignment vs. an instructional video lecture and homework essay with extensive instructor feedback, students mastered more content via CPR instruction.

  9. IRIS Toxicological Review and Summary Documents for 1,4-Dichlorobenzene (External Peer Review)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The U.S. EPA has conducted a peer review of the scientific basis supporting the human health hazard and dose-response assessment of 1,4-dichlorobenzene that will appear on the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) database. Peer review is meant to ensure that science is used ...

  10. CES4Health.info: A Web-Based Mechanism for Disseminating Peer-Reviewed Products of Community-Engaged Scholarship--Reflections on Year One

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan, Catherine; Gelmon, Sherril; Ryan, Katharine; Seifer, Sarena D.

    2012-01-01

    CES4Health.info was launched in November 2009 as an online mechanism for peer reviewing and disseminating products of community-engaged scholarship in forms other than journal articles. One year after its launch, the authors conducted an online survey of CES4Health.info contributing authors, reviewers, and users of published products. Early…

  11. Researcher Perspectives on Publication and Peer Review of Data

    PubMed Central

    Kratz, John Ernest; Strasser, Carly

    2015-01-01

    Data “publication” seeks to appropriate the prestige of authorship in the peer-reviewed literature to reward researchers who create useful and well-documented datasets. The scholarly communication community has embraced data publication as an incentive to document and share data. But, numerous new and ongoing experiments in implementation have not yet resolved what a data publication should be, when data should be peer-reviewed, or how data peer review should work. While researchers have been surveyed extensively regarding data management and sharing, their perceptions and expectations of data publication are largely unknown. To bring this important yet neglected perspective into the conversation, we surveyed ? 250 researchers across the sciences and social sciences– asking what expectations“data publication” raises and what features would be useful to evaluate the trustworthiness, evaluate the impact, and enhance the prestige of a data publication. We found that researcher expectations of data publication center on availability, generally through an open database or repository. Few respondents expected published data to be peer-reviewed, but peer-reviewed data enjoyed much greater trust and prestige. The importance of adequate metadata was acknowledged, in that almost all respondents expected data peer review to include evaluation of the data’s documentation. Formal citation in the reference list was affirmed by most respondents as the proper way to credit dataset creators. Citation count was viewed as the most useful measure of impact, but download count was seen as nearly as valuable. These results offer practical guidance for data publishers seeking to meet researcher expectations and enhance the value of published data. PMID:25706992

  12. Researcher perspectives on publication and peer review of data.

    PubMed

    Kratz, John Ernest; Strasser, Carly

    2015-01-01

    Data "publication" seeks to appropriate the prestige of authorship in the peer-reviewed literature to reward researchers who create useful and well-documented datasets. The scholarly communication community has embraced data publication as an incentive to document and share data. But, numerous new and ongoing experiments in implementation have not yet resolved what a data publication should be, when data should be peer-reviewed, or how data peer review should work. While researchers have been surveyed extensively regarding data management and sharing, their perceptions and expectations of data publication are largely unknown. To bring this important yet neglected perspective into the conversation, we surveyed ? 250 researchers across the sciences and social sciences- asking what expectations"data publication" raises and what features would be useful to evaluate the trustworthiness, evaluate the impact, and enhance the prestige of a data publication. We found that researcher expectations of data publication center on availability, generally through an open database or repository. Few respondents expected published data to be peer-reviewed, but peer-reviewed data enjoyed much greater trust and prestige. The importance of adequate metadata was acknowledged, in that almost all respondents expected data peer review to include evaluation of the data's documentation. Formal citation in the reference list was affirmed by most respondents as the proper way to credit dataset creators. Citation count was viewed as the most useful measure of impact, but download count was seen as nearly as valuable. These results offer practical guidance for data publishers seeking to meet researcher expectations and enhance the value of published data. PMID:25706992

  13. Final Independent External Peer Review Report Olmsted Locks and Dam 52 and 53 Replacement

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Final Independent External Peer Review Report Olmsted Locks and Dam 52 and 53 Replacement Project Review Report Olmsted Locks and Dam 52 and 53 Replacement Project Updated Cost Estimate Peer Review and Dam 52 and 53 Replacement Project Updated Cost Estimate Peer Review EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Project

  14. The Role of Peer Review Panels in High Speed Rail Studies

    E-print Network

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    The Role of Peer Review Panels in High Speed Rail Studies Frank S. Koppelman Prof. Emeritus of Civil and Environmental Engineering Northwestern University #12;Peer Review · Widely used in all areas of science, technology and engineering. · Long history of peer reviews for ­ Paper review ­ Solicited

  15. 45 CFR 60.11 - Reporting negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private accreditation...negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private accreditation...What actions must be reported. Peer review organizations and...

  16. 45 CFR 60.11 - Reporting negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private accreditation...negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private accreditation...What actions must be reported. Peer review organizations and...

  17. 77 FR 21777 - Expanded Charge for Peer Review of the NIOSH document Titled: “Criteria for a Recommended...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-11

    ...Docket Number NIOSH-245] Expanded Charge for Peer Review of the NIOSH document...HHS). ACTION: Notice of Expanded Charge for Peer Review...entry serves as notice of the expanded charge to peer reviewers for this draft...

  18. Consensus-oriented group peer review: a new process to review radiologist work output.

    PubMed

    Alkasab, Tarik K; Harvey, H Benjamin; Gowda, Vrushab; Thrall, James H; Rosenthal, Daniel I; Gazelle, G Scott

    2014-02-01

    The Joint Commission and other regulatory bodies have mandated that health care organizations implement processes for ongoing physician performance review. Software solutions, such as RADPEER™, have been created to meet this need efficiently. However, the authors believe that available systems are not optimally designed to produce changes in practice and overlook many important aspects of quality by excessive focus on diagnosis. The authors present a new model of peer review known as consensus-oriented group review, which is based on group discussion of cases in a conference setting and places greater emphasis on feedback than traditional systems of radiology peer review. By focusing on the process of peer review, consensus-oriented group review is intended to optimize performance improvement and foster group standards of practice. The authors also describe the software tool developed to implement this process of enriched peer review. PMID:24139321

  19. Forthcoming Projects Peer Review Panel (PPRP) meeting The next meeting of the Projects Peer Review Panel (PPRP) will take place at Council

    E-print Network

    Forthcoming Projects Peer Review Panel (PPRP) meeting The next meeting of the Projects Peer Review 2012 The Panel will be reviewing 2 project proposals and 15 PRD applications. Due to the large number of PRD applications being reviewed there will be no open presentations for PRDs. Members of the science

  20. Forthcoming Projects Peer Review Panel (PPRP) meeting The next meeting of the Projects Peer Review Panel (PPRP) will take place in Council

    E-print Network

    Forthcoming Projects Peer Review Panel (PPRP) meeting The next meeting of the Projects Peer Review September 2012, Polaris House, Swindon. The Panel will be reviewing 3 project proposals. Members.Aziz@stfc.ac.uk if they are likely to attend the open sessions. The proposals being reviewed are as follows: 19th September & 20th

  1. ForPeerReview Preferential association between childhood emotional abuse

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    57 58 59 60 #12;ForPeerReview Abstract Childhood trauma has been suggested to be involved controls completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ). The CTQ total score was higher for bipolar include systematic assessment of childhood trauma among bipolar patients with a particular focus

  2. Assessing Peer Review in the Quest for Improved Medical Services

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nathan Hershey; Lea C. Bontempo

    1989-01-01

    The increased concern about the quality of medical services evidenced by, inter alia, the growing atten tion to quality of Peer Review Organizations. the purchasing and implementation of sophisticated med ical data systems by hospitals, and the growing clamor from private health insurers and employers about the rapidly rising costs of health services has made determining the effectiveness of medical

  3. Instructors' Uses, Experiences, Thoughts and Suggestions regarding Calibrated Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gunersel, Adalet Baris; Simpson, Nancy J.

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents a qualitative study conducted with faculty members who participated in a project funded by the National Science Foundation focusing on student development with Calibrated Peer Review (CPR)[TM], a web-based tool created to promote writing and critical-thinking skills. The purpose of the study was to gain an understanding of…

  4. The peer review of teaching: Progress, issues and prospects

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patricia Hutchings

    1996-01-01

    As campuses search for ways to raise the level of attention to teaching, the peer review of teaching offers distinct advantages, especially for faculty eager to overcome the isolation of the classroom and to collaborate on improvement. But it presents a number of challenges as well, both political and methodological, and presumes significantly different roles for faculty in ensuring and

  5. Submission Form for Peer-Reviewed Cancer Risk Prediction Models

    Cancer.gov

    The Epidemiology and Genomics Research Program (EGRP) strives to keep our list of peer-reviewed cancer risk prediction models as comprehensive and up-to-date as possible. If you have information about a model you would like to be considered for inclusion on this list, submit as much information as possible through the form below. For questions, contact Andrew N.

  6. June 24, 2013 Final Independent External Peer Review Report

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    and Environmental Impact Statement Lake Worth Inlet, Palm Beach Harbor Prepared by Battelle Memorial Institute on the Draft Integrated Feasibility Report and Environmental Impact Statement Lake Worth Inlet, Palm Beach Peer Review Report on the Draft Integrated Feasibility Report and Environmental Impact Statement Lake

  7. Peer Reviewing Preservice Teachers of Christian Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buchanan, Michael T.

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the contributions peer review makes to the formation of preservice teachers of religious education within the context of Christian higher education. The participants were postgraduate students undertaking a preservice teacher training course at Australian Catholic University, Australia (Melbourne campus). Those training to…

  8. Final Independent External Peer Review Southwest Coastal Louisiana Feasibility

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Final Independent External Peer Review Report Southwest Coastal Louisiana Feasibility Study Louisiana IEPR | Final IEPR Report BATTELLE | March 3, 2014 This page is intentionally left blank. #12;Southwest Coastal Louisiana IEPR | Final IEPR Report BATTELLE | March 3, 2014 i This work was performed

  9. Peer review among district health officers in Maharashtra, India.

    PubMed

    Srinivasan, V

    1989-09-01

    A management information system in Maharashtra State, India, was used to obtain primary health care performance data for review at monthly meetings of peers, including District Health Officers, Auxiliary Nurse Midwives and Multipurpose Workers. The meetings were conducted in a problem solving, educational atmosphere. The effect of this process was marked improvement in health worker motivation and performance. PMID:2572469

  10. Peer Review Summary Document (12/22/2010)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    -material transport in the Umpqua River, Oregon [50 KB PDF]. Title and Authorship of Information Product Disseminated Channel change and bed-material transport in the Umpqua River, Oregon, by J. Rose Wallick, Jim E. O as the response of the aquatic ecology to different geomorphic settings. Peer Reviewer #2 ­ Phd Candidate

  11. Review of Peer Evaluation Research. Technical Paper 342.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Downey, Ronald G.; Duffy, Paul J.

    Peer evaluation research was reviewed from three major perspectives--validity, methodology, and situational factors. Most of the studies focused on either concurrent or predicitve validity in a military training situation. Evaluation criteria included leadership potential, promotion potential, personality traits, and supervisory skills.…

  12. Trans-NIH Regional Grant Writing & Scientific Peer Review Workshops

    Cancer.gov

    CGH organizes The Regional Grant Writing & Scientific Peer Review Workshops in coordination with several Institutes and Centers across NIH to increase the participation of scientists from LMICs in the research grant process; develop strategies for sustainable research support and collaborations; and use competitive research as a tool to address global health issues.

  13. Teacher Immediacy: Reflections on a Peer Review of Teaching Scheme

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nixon, Sarah; Vickerman, Philip; Maynard, Carol

    2010-01-01

    Using a qualitative approach drawing on the experiences of four HE lecturers, this study provides an exploration of and insights into a peer review of teaching (PRT) scheme, which focused on teacher immediacy and communication skills. Within the United Kingdom, limited research has been undertaken in relation to teacher immediacy even though…

  14. Enhancing Proof Writing via Cross-Institutional Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ernst, Dana C.; Hodge, Angie; Schultz, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    In the Spring of 2011, two of the authors of this paper taught number theory courses at their respective institutions. Twice during the semester, students in each class submitted proofs of two to three theorems to be peer reviewed by students in the other class. Each student wrote anonymous and formal referee reports of the submitted theorems,…

  15. Portfolio Peer Review: A Tool for Program Change.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fleak, Sandra K.; Romine, Jeff; Gilchrist, Neil

    2003-01-01

    To achieve cultural change in a business management/accounting department, annual peer review of faculty portfolios documenting teaching, advising, service, and scholarship was instituted. The process improved the department's alignment with the university's mission. Scholarly productivity quadrupled from 1998-2001. Portfolio assessment had little…

  16. Peer Reviewers' Dilemmas: Values Antinomies when Evaluating Higher Education Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patry, Jean-Luc; Gastager, Angela

    2012-01-01

    Whenever evaluations are done, there are antinomies of interests both within and between stakeholders. To account for such antinomies, taxonomy has been developed which will be presented and discussed using the peer review processes in university evaluations as example. The taxonomy contains four dimensions: a) seven values domains are…

  17. Position paper - peer review and design verification of selected activities

    SciTech Connect

    Stine, M.D.

    1994-09-01

    Position Paper to develop and document a position on the performance of independent peer reviews on selected design and analysis components of the Title I (preliminary) and Title II (detailed) design phases of the Multi-Function Waste Tank Facility project.

  18. Collaborative Learning through Formative Peer Review with Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eaton, Carrie Diaz; Wade, Stephanie

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes a collaboration between a mathematician and a compositionist who developed a sequence of collaborative writing assignments for calculus. This sequence of developmentally appropriate assignments presents peer review as a collaborative process that promotes reflection, deepens understanding, and improves exposition. First, we…

  19. Final Independent External Peer Review Report Integrated Feasibility Study and Supplemental

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Final Independent External Peer Review Report Integrated Feasibility Study and Supplemental, 2010 #12;#12;SHORT-TERM ANALYSIS SERVICE (STAS) on Final Independent External Peer Review Report 23, 2010 FINAL INDEPENDENT EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW REPORT for the Integrated Feasibility Study

  20. Supporting scientific writing and evaluation in a conceptual physics course with Calibrated Peer Review

    E-print Network

    Goldberg, Fred M.

    students' writing can be difficult in large classes. With the web-based Calibrated Peer Review* (CPR and compared students' peer reviews with expert evaluations. Students' scores on their essays correlate with implementing CPR assignments. *Calibrated Peer Review, http://cpr.molsci.ucla.edu/ Keywords: conceptual physics

  1. 34 CFR 350.50 - What is the peer review process for this Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false What is the peer review process for this Program? 350...Award? § 350.50 What is the peer review process for this Program? ...those regulations in this part to a peer review panel established by the...

  2. 34 CFR 350.51 - What is the purpose of peer review?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false What is the purpose of peer review? 350.51 Section 350.51 Education...Award? § 350.51 What is the purpose of peer review? The purpose of peer review is to insure that— (a) Those...

  3. CONSULTATION RESPONSE `Wellcome Trust response to S&T Committee inquiry on peer review

    E-print Network

    Rambaut, Andrew

    CONSULTATION RESPONSE `Wellcome Trust response to S&T Committee inquiry on peer review March 2011 Page 1 of 4 Science and Technology Committee: Inquiry on Peer Review Response by the Wellcome Trust March 2011 Summary 1. Peer review ensures that scientific findings and research funding proposals

  4. 34 CFR 350.50 - What is the peer review process for this Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 true What is the peer review process for this Program? 350...Award? § 350.50 What is the peer review process for this Program? ...those regulations in this part to a peer review panel established by the...

  5. Rules for Peer Review of Cycle 13 Chandra Proposals 10 May 2011

    E-print Network

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Rules for Peer Review of Cycle 13 Chandra Proposals 10 May 2011 Contents 1 Purpose and Documents 1 and Information on Proposals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 3 Peer Review 3 3.1 Panels for peer review of scientific proposals for use of the Chandra X-ray Observatory. Proposals are solicited

  6. Designing for the Future: The New Open Suite of Programs and Peer Review Process

    E-print Network

    Charette, André

    Designing for the Future: The New Open Suite of Programs and Peer Review Process Questions and Answers 1 Rationale 1. If the changes to the Open Suite of Programs and peer review process are successful, what will CIHR have achieved? Our goal in designing the new Open Suite of Programs and peer review

  7. 34 CFR 350.50 - What is the peer review process for this Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 false What is the peer review process for this Program? 350...Award? § 350.50 What is the peer review process for this Program? ...those regulations in this part to a peer review panel established by the...

  8. Manuscript May 2014 Revising voice and identity through internet-mediated, intercultural peer review

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and after a guided peer review process involving U.S. and French students working in English. Students). This research suggests that the intercultural peer review is a strong tool for helping students to develop identities as writers and to learn how to construct appropriate voice. Keywords: peer review; voice; second

  9. In-Flow Peer-Review of Tests in Test-First Programming Joe Gibbs Politz

    E-print Network

    Krishnamurthi, Shriram

    In-Flow Peer-Review of Tests in Test-First Programming Joe Gibbs Politz Brown University joe-first development and peer review have been studied independently in computing courses, but their combination has not. We report on an experiment in which students in two courses conducted peer review of test suites

  10. Women and Peer Review An audit of theWellcomeTrust's

    E-print Network

    Rambaut, Andrew

    Women and Peer Review An audit of theWellcomeTrust's decision-making on grants #12;The attributable to them. P R I S M UNIT FOR POLICY RESEARCH IN SCIENCE AND MEDICINE #12;WomenandPeerReview An audit of the Wellcome Trust's decision-making on grants PRISM Report No. 8 #12;WOMEN AND PEER REVIEW

  11. Modeling Peer Review in Example Annotation I-Han Hsiao, Peter Brusilovsky

    E-print Network

    Brusilovsky, Peter

    Modeling Peer Review in Example Annotation I-Han Hsiao, Peter Brusilovsky School of Information to integrate the Peer Review Model in example annotation and can be extended to meet advanced educational purposes. The results confirm that modeling the peer review when annotating examples guarantees the quality

  12. Some Thoughts On Peer Review In The Global Internet Context Narayanan Komerath

    E-print Network

    Some Thoughts On Peer Review In The Global Internet Context Narayanan Komerath Daniel Guggenheim in capturing knowledge. The implications of internet based peer review are considered in suggesting a model for peer review and cross-disciplinary innovation, with some preliminary empirical observations on needed

  13. Agent Simulation of Peer Review: The PR-1 Francisco Grimaldo1

    E-print Network

    Grimaldo, Francisco

    Agent Simulation of Peer Review: The PR-1 Model Francisco Grimaldo1 , Mario Paolucci2 , Rosaria.paolucci@istc.cnr.it, rosaria.conte@istc.cnr.it Abstract. Peer review lies at the core of current scientific research with the society of people that apply the method. As a social construct, peer review should be understood

  14. 34 CFR 350.50 - What is the peer review process for this Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false What is the peer review process for this Program? 350...Award? § 350.50 What is the peer review process for this Program? ...those regulations in this part to a peer review panel established by the...

  15. Independent External Peer Review Report Wood River 19 August 2011 ii

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    #12;Independent External Peer Review Report ­ Wood River 19 August 2011 ii Table of Contents List.3 Preparation and Charge for Peer Review Panel 6 3.4 Performing the IEPR 7 3.5 Preparation of Comments and Panel IEPR Process 5 Figure 3. IEPR Team 9 #12;Independent External Peer Review Report ­ Wood River 19 August

  16. 34 CFR 350.50 - What is the peer review process for this Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 true What is the peer review process for this Program? 350...Award? § 350.50 What is the peer review process for this Program? ...those regulations in this part to a peer review panel established by the...

  17. A simulation of disagreement for control of rational cheating in peer review Francisco Grimaldo

    E-print Network

    Grimaldo, Francisco

    A simulation of disagreement for control of rational cheating in peer review Francisco Grimaldo social systems, Peer Review, Agent-based sim- ulation, Trust reliability and reputation ABSTRACT We present an agent-based model of peer review built on three entities - the paper, the scientist

  18. Athletics Certification Peer-Review Team Report University of Wisconsin, Madison

    E-print Network

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Athletics Certification Peer-Review Team Report University of Wisconsin, Madison Evaluation. The self-study process involved broad faculty and campus input. The peer-review team was impressed. Additional Peer-Review Team Issues None. C. Opportunities for Enhancement University of Wisconsin, Madison

  19. Independent External Peer Review Report Green Bay 20 June 2011 ii

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    #12;Independent External Peer Review Report ­ Green Bay 20 June 2011 ii Table of Contents List for Peer Review Panel 6 3.4 Performing the IEPR 7 3.5 Preparation of Comments and Panel Consensus Process 4 Figure 3. IEPR Team 9 #12;Independent External Peer Review Report ­ Green Bay 20 June 2011 iii

  20. 34 CFR 350.51 - What is the purpose of peer review?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 false What is the purpose of peer review? 350.51 Section 350.51 Education...Award? § 350.51 What is the purpose of peer review? The purpose of peer review is to insure that— (a) Those...

  1. Draft for Peer Review and Field Testing 6-20-2009

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Draft for Peer Review and Field Testing 6-20-2009 Wetlands Regulatory Assistance Program DRAFT Islands Region U.S. Army Corps of Engineers #12;Draft for Peer Review and Field Testing 6-20-2009 Abstract;Draft for Peer Review and Field Testing 6-20-2009 Contents Preface

  2. Issues of Cultural Appropriateness and Pedagogical Efficacy: Exploring Peer Review in a Second Language Writing Class

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hu, Guangwei; Lam, Sandra Tsui Eu

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports on a study designed to investigate (a) whether peer review is an effective pedagogical activity with adult Chinese students in the teaching of second language (L2) academic writing and (b) how factors such as perceptions of the influence of peer reviewers' L2 proficiency, previous experience with peer review, feedback…

  3. Disagreement for control of rational cheating in peer review: a simulation

    E-print Network

    Grimaldo, Francisco

    identify within the peer review process are: the paper, the scientist and the conference. ThusDisagreement for control of rational cheating in peer review: a simulation (Extended Abstract Understanding the peer review process could help research and shed light on mechanisms that underlie

  4. Final External Peer Review Report for Calcasieu River and Pass, Louisiana

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Final External Peer Review Report for Calcasieu River and Pass, Louisiana Dredged Material EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW REPORT for Calcasieu River and Pass, Louisiana Dredged Material Management Plan. #12;Calcasieu River and Pass, Louisiana DMMP/SEIS ii Battelle Final External Peer Review Report August

  5. How Does Student Peer Review Influence Perceptions, Engagement and Academic Outcomes? A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulder, Raoul; Baik, Chi; Naylor, Ryan; Pearce, Jon

    2014-01-01

    Involving students in peer review has many pedagogical benefits, but few studies have explicitly investigated relationships between the content of peer reviews, student perceptions and assessment outcomes. We conducted a case study of peer review within a third-year undergraduate subject at a research-intensive Australian university, in which we…

  6. Pre-University Chemistry Students in a Mimicked Scholarly Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Rens, Lisette; Hermarij, Philip; Pilot, Albert; Beishuizen, Jos; Hofman, Herman; Wal, Marjolein

    2014-01-01

    Peer review is a significant component in scientific research. Introducing peer review into inquiry processes may be regarded as an aim to develop student understanding regarding quality in inquiries. This study examines student understanding in inquiry peer reviews among pre-university chemistry students, aged 16-17, when they enact a design of a…

  7. Lawson Review Self and Peer Evaluation Instructions Log In to Lawson

    E-print Network

    Gleeson, Joseph G.

    Evaluation Instructions · Find the employee whose peer and self evaluations you want to review. o Type all" to review each individual self or peer evaluation for a given employee. Employees MUST be attached to you in HRSMGR in order for you to review their self/peer evaluations. o Definitions: - 1: Employee ID­ you can

  8. Final Independent External Peer Review Report Western C-111 Spreader Canal

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Final Independent External Peer Review Report Western C-111 Spreader Canal (C111SC) Project-TERM ANALYSIS SERVICE (STAS) on Final Independent External Peer Review Report Western C-111 Spreader Canal (C111 October 30, 2009 FINAL INDEPENDENT EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW REPORT for the Western C-111 Spreader Canal (C111

  9. Freedom of Information Act 2000 NERC Policy on Peer Review information Version 2 August 2012

    E-print Network

    Brierley, Andrew

    Freedom of Information Act 2000 ­ NERC Policy on Peer Review information Version 2 August 2012 1 Freedom of Information ­ NERC Policy on Peer Review information The purpose of this document is to set out what information the NERC will and will not release concerning the peer review process. The Freedom

  10. CPRTM AND THE MOLSCI PROJECT: WEB-BASED WRITING, PEER REVIEW, CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT, AND DISSEMINATION

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Orville L. Chapman; Michael Fiore

    Scientists must write. Most science educators readily admit this fact, but few incorporate technical writing into their courses. Calibrated Peer Review (CPR)TM software brings technical writing and peer review broadly to the educational experience. CPR has special value in large courses. Peer review provides a valuable tool and enhances the \\

  11. Engineering Peer Review June 5-7, 2001 1 FUSION IGNITION

    E-print Network

    Engineering Peer Review June 5-7, 2001 1 FUSION IGNITION RESEARCH EXPERIMENT (FIRE) Machine Configuration Tom Brown (PPPL) June 5 ­ 7 , 2001 #12;Engineering Peer Review June 5-7, 2001 2 FIRE Configuration approach. Summary. #12;Engineering Peer Review June 5-7, 2001 3 FIRE Configuration Features Double null

  12. The Potential of Dual-Language Cross-Cultural Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruecker, Todd

    2011-01-01

    This article explores the potential of dual-language cross-cultural peer review and how it improves on traditional monolingual and monocultural peer review. Drawing on scholarship related to international exchange programmes, peer review, and two-way immersion programmes in the United States as well as data collected while facilitating the…

  13. Designing Peer Review for Pedagogical Success: What Can We Learn From Professional Science?

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Nancy M. Trautmann

    2009-03-01

    This article compares peer review in professional versus education settings, summarizing key aspects of scientific peer review and reflecting on how these relate to the process as experienced by students. Consideration of professional peer review benefits educators in two ways. First, systems used for student peer review can employ some of the same tactics employed in professional science to minimize bias, optimize the impact of reviews, and maximize the quality of final manuscripts. In addition, explicit discussion of relevant aspects of professional peer review introduces students to important aspects of the nature of science.

  14. Using Web-Based Discussion Forums as a Model of the Peer-Review Process and a Tool for Assessment

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Sherry L. Jenkins (Mount Sinai School of Medicine; Department of Pharmacology and Systems Therapeutics REV)

    2008-03-04

    This Teaching Resource describes how to use an online asynchronous discussion as a mechanism to introduce students to the peer-review process, as well as to assess student performance and understanding. This method was applied to a graduate course on signal transduction and the Teaching Resource includes a syllabus, detailed plan for incorporating the online discussion, sample journal club questions, and sample student responses to the discussion forum, faculty responses, and student revisions.

  15. Peer review of medical practices: missed opportunities to learn.

    PubMed

    Kadar, Nicholas

    2014-12-01

    Appropriately conducted peer review of medical practices provides the greatest opportunity for health care professionals to learn from their mistakes and improve the quality and safety of health care. But in practice, peer review has not been an effective learning tool because it is subjective and irreproducible. Physicians reviewing the same cases disagree over the cause(s) of adverse outcomes and the quality and appropriateness of care, and agreement is not improved by training, use of objective review criteria, or having the reviewers discuss the cases. The underlying reason is a general lack of understanding and an oversimplified view of the causes of medical errors in complex, high-risk organization and a preoccupation with attributing medical errors to particular individuals. This approach leads to judgments, not understanding, and creates a culture of blame that stops learning and undermines the potential for improvement. For peer review to have an impact on the quality of care and patient safety, it must be standardized to remove cognitive biases and subjectivity from the process. PMID:25151185

  16. Reviewer acknowledgement 2013

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Contributing reviewers A peer-reviewed journal would not survive without the generous time and insightful comments of the reviewers, whose efforts often go unrecognized. Journal of Medical Case Reports has been blessed by the support of highly-qualified peer reviewers, and the Editor-in-Chief, Michael Kidd, and staff of the journal would like to show their appreciation by thanking the following for their invaluable assistance with review of manuscripts for the journal in Volume 8 (2013). PMID:24447881

  17. Lessons from Peer Support Among Individuals with Mental Health Difficulties: A Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Miyamoto, Yuki; Sono, Tamaki

    2012-01-01

    We conducted a comprehensive narrative review and used a systematic search strategy to identify studies related to peer support among adults with mental health difficulties. The purposes of this review were to describe the principles, effects and benefits of peer support documented in the published literature, to discuss challenging aspects of peer support and to investigate lessons from peer support. Fifty-one studies, including 8 review articles and 19 qualitative studies, met the inclusion criteria for this review. Most of the challenges for peer support were related to “role” and “relationship” issues; that is, how peer support providers relate to people who receive peer support and how peer support providers are treated in the system. The knowledge gained from peer support relationships, such as mutual responsibility and interdependence, might be a clue toward redefining the helper-helper relationship as well as the concepts of help and support. PMID:22563347

  18. Proposal Peer Review Nondisclosure Agreement and Conflict of Interest Avoidance In the performance of peer review of proposals submitted to NASA, I may have access to

    E-print Network

    Kalas, Paul G.

    In the performance of peer review of proposals submitted to NASA, I may have access to or be furnished2007 Proposal Peer Review Nondisclosure Agreement and Conflict of Interest Avoidance, information, and budgetary data. All NASA supervisory and management personnel and reviewers, and all non

  19. Peer-review Platform for Astronomy Education Activities

    E-print Network

    Russo, Pedro; Gomez, Edward; Strubbe, Linda

    2015-01-01

    Hundreds of thousands of astronomy education activities exist, but their discoverability and quality is highly variable. The web platform for astronomy education activities, astroEDU, presented in this paper tries to solve these issues. Using the familiar peer-review workflow of scientific publications, astroEDU is improving standards of quality, visibility and accessibility, while providing credibility to these astronomy education activities. astroEDU targets activity guides, tutorials and other educational activities in the area of astronomy education, prepared by teachers, educators and other education specialists. Each of the astroEDU activities is peer-reviewed by an educator as well as an astronomer to ensure a high standard in terms of scientific content and educational value. All reviewed materials are then stored in a free open online database, enabling broad distribution in a range of different formats. In this way astroEDU is not another web repository for educational resources but a mechanism for ...

  20. Quanxi JIA Peer reviewed journal publications > 380

    E-print Network

    . Bauer, T. M. McCleskey, A.. K. Burrell, Q. X. Jia, and H. M. Luo, "Polymer, L. Civale, E. Bauer, T. M. McCleskey, A. K. Burrell, Q. X. Jia. Li, J. H. Lee, K. J. Blackmore, E. Bauer, A. K. Burrell, T. M. Mc

  1. PUBLICATIONS Journal Articles (peer-reviewed)

    E-print Network

    Yang, Zong-Liang

    th Annual Meeting of the Texas Academy of Science, Program and Abstracts. (Platform presentation County, Texas. 116th Annual Meeting of the Texas Academy of Science, Program and Abstracts. (Poster ABSTRACTS Stocker, M. R., Brochu, C. A., and E. C. Kirk. 2013. Spatial and temporal temporal shifts

  2. Clinical peer review in the United States: History, legal development and subsequent abuse

    PubMed Central

    Vyas, Dinesh; Hozain, Ahmed E

    2014-01-01

    The Joint Commission on Accreditation requires hospitals to conduct peer review to retain accreditation. Despite the intended purpose of improving quality medical care, the peer review process has suffered several setbacks throughout its tenure. In the 1980s, abuse of peer review for personal economic interest led to a highly publicized multimillion-dollar verdict by the United States Supreme Court against the perpetrating physicians and hospital. The verdict led to decreased physician participation for fear of possible litigation. Believing that peer review was critical to quality medical care, Congress subsequently enacted the Health Care Quality Improvement Act (HCQIA) granting comprehensive legal immunity for peer reviewers to increase participation. While serving its intended goal, HCQIA has also granted peer reviewers significant immunity likely emboldening abuses resulting in Sham Peer Reviews. While legal reform of HCQIA is necessary to reduce sham peer reviews, further measures including the need for standardization of the peer review process alongside external organizational monitoring are critical to improving peer review and reducing the prevalence of sham peer reviews. PMID:24914357

  3. New peer-reviewed Launched October

    E-print Network

    Napp, Nils

    Diseases Neuroscience Immunology Gene Therapy Toxicology Drug Discovery and Delivery Policy Behavior to the community of translational scientists New in 2011: State-of-the-art Reviews New in 2011: Podcasts twice

  4. Submitting a manuscript for peer review--integrity, integrity, integrity.

    PubMed

    Murphy, Sean P; Bulman, Christopher; Shariati, Behnam; Hausmann, Laura

    2014-02-01

    Publication of a flawed manuscript has significant consequences for the progress of science. When this proves to be intentional, science is brought into disrepute and this puts even more pressure on the shrinking resources that society is prepared to invest in research. All scientific journals, including the Journal of Neurochemistry, have witnessed a marked increase in the number of corrections and retractions of published articles over the last 10 years, and uncovered a depressingly large number of fabrications among submitted manuscripts. The increase in number of 'spoiled' manuscripts reflects not only the improved methods that journals employ to detect plagiarism in its many forms but also suggests a measurable change in the behavior of authors. The increased policing of submissions by reviewers, editors, and publishers expends time and money. The sanctions imposed by journal editors on authors found guilty of malpractice are transparent and severe. PMID:24410543

  5. Journal of Information, Law, and Technology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    JILT, an "electronic law journal covering a range of topics relating to IT law and applications," publishes a combination of peer and non-peer reviewed articles, as well as reviews, commentaries, and related news.

  6. Commercial Lighting Solutions Webtool Peer Review Report, Office Solutions

    SciTech Connect

    Beeson, Tracy A.; Jones, Carol C.

    2010-02-01

    The Commercial Lighting Solutions (CLS) project directly supports the U.S. Department of Energy’s Commercial Building Energy Alliance efforts to design high performance buildings. CLS creates energy efficient best practice lighting designs for widespread use, and they are made available to users via an interactive webtool that both educates and guides the end user through the application of the Lighting Solutions. This report summarizes the peer review of the CLS webtool for offices. The methodology for the peer review process included data collection (stakeholder input), analysis of the comments, and organization of the input into categories for prioritization of the comments against a set of criteria. Based on this process, recommendations were developed for the release of version 2.0 of the webtool at the Lightfair conference in Las Vegas in May 2010. The report provides a list of the top ten most significant and relevant improvements that will be made within the webtool for version 2.0 as well as appendices containing the comments and short-term priorities in additional detail. Peer review comments that are considered high priority by the reviewers and the CLS team but cannot be completed for Version 2.0 are listed as long-term recommendations.

  7. Final External Peer Review Report for Tamiami Trail Limited Reevaluation Report

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Final External Peer Review Report for Tamiami Trail Limited Reevaluation Report By Battelle District Contract No. W911NF-07-D-0001 Task Control Number: 08095 June 2, 2008 #12;FINAL EXTERNAL PEER......................................................................................... 1 1.2 Purpose of External Peer Review

  8. Can Nightmares Become Sweet Dreams? Peer Review in the Wake of a Systemwide Administrative Mandate.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Langsam, Deborah M.; Dubois, Philip L.

    1996-01-01

    In 1993, the University of North Carolina at Charlotte's governing board mandated peer evaluation for nontenured faculty. Participants in the American Association for Higher Education's peer review project feared the mandate would taint efforts to introduce faculty to collegial approaches to peer review. However, negative fallout from the mandate…

  9. A Critical Evaluation of Peer Review via Teaching Observation within Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blackmore, Jacqueline A.

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: To provide a best practice framework for peer review via teaching observation as a method of appraising teaching performance within UK higher education (HE) institutions. Design/methodology/approach: The paper uses secondary data analysis via the current literature on peer review and peer appraisal, as well as use of primary data obtained…

  10. WWHEN COMPETITION IS PUSHED TOO HARD. AN AGENT-BASED MODEL OF STRATEGIC BEHAVIOUR OF REFEREES IN PEER REVIEW

    E-print Network

    Grimaldo, Francisco

    IN PEER REVIEW Juan Bautista Cabotà Departament d'Informàtica Universitat de València Avinguda de la 25122 Brescia E-mail: squazzon@eco.unibs.it KEYWORDS Peer review; referees; competition; rational of referees on the quality and efficiency of peer review. We modelled peer review as a process based

  11. A Semi-automated Peer-review System

    E-print Network

    Alicea, Bradly

    2013-01-01

    A semi-supervised model of peer review is introduced that is intended to overcome the bias and incompleteness of traditional peer review. Traditional approaches are reliant on human biases, while consensus decision-making is constrained by sparse information. Here, the architecture for one potential improvement (a semi-supervised, human-assisted classifier) to the traditional approach will be introduced and evaluated. To evaluate the potential advantages of such a system, hypothetical receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for both approaches will be assessed. This will provide more specific indications of how automation would be beneficial in the manuscript evaluation process. In conclusion, the implications for such a system on measurements of scientific impact and improving the quality of open submission repositories will be discussed.

  12. Community Engagement in Research: Frameworks for Education and Peer Review

    PubMed Central

    Palermo, Ann-Gel S.

    2010-01-01

    Community engagement in research may enhance a community's ability to address its own health needs and health disparities issues while ensuring that researchers understand community priorities. However, there are researchers with limited understanding of and experience with effective methods of engaging communities. Furthermore, limited guidance is available for peer-review panels on evaluating proposals for research that engages communities. The National Institutes of Health Director's Council of Public Representatives developed a community engagement framework that includes values, strategies to operationalize each value, and potential outcomes of their use, as well as a peer-review framework for evaluating research that engages communities. Use of these frameworks for educating researchers to create and sustain authentic community–academic partnerships will increase accountability and equality between the partners. PMID:20558798

  13. Jeffrey F. Kelly Peer-Reviewed Publications

    E-print Network

    Kelly, Jeff

    Curdy, and DW Winkler. 2013. Advances in tracking small migratory birds: A technical review of light and forthcoming innovations for tracking migratory birds. Bioscience 61:689-698. 39 Bridge, ES, A Fudickar, JF. Chinese Birds. 51 Shipley, JR, A Contina, N Batbayar, ES Bridge, AT Peterson, and JF Kelly. 2013. Niche

  14. Calibrated peer reviewTM and assessing learning outcomes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patricia A. Carlson; Frederick C. Berry

    2003-01-01

    The need for more focused and less-labor intensive assessment practices has brought new challenges, both for institutions and for individual educators. We elaborate on Calibrated Peer Review™ (CPR™) - an end- to-end computer-mediated learning environment that seamlessly integrates writing as a vehicle for critical thinking into a technical or content course. Developed as a tool to help incorporate writing into

  15. Teaching undergraduates the process of peer review: learning by doing

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2010-09-01

    An active approach allowed undergraduates in Health Sciences to learn the dynamics of peer review at first hand. A four-stage process was used. In stage 1, students formed self-selected groups to explore specific issues. In stage 2, each group posted their interim reports online on a specific date. Each student read all the other reports and prepared detailed critiques. In stage 3, each report was discussed at sessions where the lead discussant was selected at random. All students participated in the peer review process. The written critiques were collated and returned to each group, who were asked to resubmit their revised reports within 2 wk. In stage 4, final submissions accompanied by rebuttals were graded. Student responses to a questionnaire were highly positive. They recognized the individual steps in the standard peer review, appreciated the complexities involved, and got a first-hand experience of some of the inherent variabilities involved. The absence of formal presentations and the opportunity to read each other's reports permitted them to study issues in greater depth.

  16. CIE Report Riegl 1 EXTERNAL INDEPENDENT PEER REVIEW OF THE STATUS REVIEW OF 82 CORAL

    E-print Network

    - Scientific conclusions are factually supported, sound and logical - Opposing scientific studies or theories in the Review Activities This review was solicited by Northern Taiga Ventures, Inc (NTVI), the organization that administers independent peer reviews for the NMFS Office of Science and Technology. Solicited

  17. Pulsed power peer review committee report.

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2004-08-01

    As part of meeting the GRPA (Government Performance and Results Act) requirements and to provide input to Sandia's annual Performance Evaluation Assessment Report (PEAR) to the National Nuclear Security Administration in FY2004, a 14-member external review committee chaired by Dr. Alvin Trivelpiece was convened by Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) on May 4-6, 2004 to review Sandia National Laboratories' Pulsed Power Programs. The scope of the review included activities in high energy density physics (HEDP), inertial confinement fusion (ICF), radiation/weapon physics, the petawatt laser initiative (PW) and fast ignition, equation-of state studies, radiation effects science and lethality, x-ray radiography, ZR development, basic research and pulsed power technology research and development, as well as electromagnetics and work for others. In his charge to the Committee, Dr. Jeffrey P. Quintenz, Director of Pulsed Power Sciences (Org. 1600) asked that the evaluation and feedback be based on three criteria: (1) quality of technical activities in science, technology, and engineering, (2) programmatic performance, management, and planning, and (3) relevance to national needs and agency missions. In addition, the director posed specific programmatic questions. The accompanying report, produced as a SAND document, is the report of the Committee's finding.

  18. Pulsed Power Peer Review Committee Report

    SciTech Connect

    BLOOMQUIST, DOUGLAS D.

    2002-10-01

    In 1993, the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA, PL 103-62) was enacted. GPRA, which applies to all federal programs, has three components: strategic plans, annual performance plans, and metrics to show how well annual plans are being followed. As part of meeting the GRPA requirement in FY2002, a 15-member external review committee chaired by Dr. Alvin Trivelpiece (the Trivelpiece Committee) was convened by Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) on May 7-9, 2002 to review Sandia National Laboratories' Pulsed Power Programs as a component of the Performance Appraisal Process negotiated with the National Nuclear Security Administration of the Department of Energy (NNSA/DOE). The scope of the review included activities in high energy density physics (HEDP), inertial confinement fusion (ICF), radiation/weapon physics, the petawatt laser initiative (PW) and fast ignition, equation-of-state studies, radiation effects science and lethality, x-ray radiography, ZR development, basic research and pulsed power technology research and development, as well as electromagnetics and work for others. In his charge to the Committee, Dr. Jeffrey P. Quintenz, Director of Pulsed Power Sciences (Org. 1600) asked that the evaluation and feedback be based on three criteria: (1) quality of technical activities in science, technology, and engineering, (2) programmatic performance, management, and planning, and (3) relevance to national needs and agency missions. In addition, the director posed specific programmatic questions. The accompanying report, produced as a SAND document, is the report of the Committee's finding.

  19. CPTC Experts Author Proteomics Review in the Journal of Proteome Research

    Cancer.gov

    CPTC experts authored a review of the current state of clinical proteomics in the peer-reviewed Journal of Proteome Research. The review highlights outcomes from the CPTC program and also provides a thorough overview of the different technologies that have pushed the field forward. Additionally, the review provides a vision for moving the field forward through linking advances in genomic and proteomic analysis to develop new, molecularly targeted interventions.

  20. A pilot study of peer review in residency training

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patricia A. Thomas; Kelly A. Gebo; David B. Hellmann

    1999-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To explore the utility of peer review (review by fellow interns or residents in the firm) as an additional method of evaluation\\u000a in a university categorical internal medicine residency program.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a DESIGN\\/PARTICIPANTS: Senior residents and interns were asked to complete evaluations of interns at the end-of-month ward rotations.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a MAIN RESULTS: Response rates for senior residents evaluating 16 interns were 70%;

  1. Reviewer Acknowledgement 2013

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Contributing reviewers A peer-reviewed journal would not survive without the generous time and insightful comments of the reviewers, whose efforts often go unrecognized. Systematic Reviews has been blessed by the support of highly-qualified peer reviewers, and the Editors-in-Chief, David Moher, Lesley Stewart and Paul Shekelle, and staff of the journal would like to show their appreciation by thanking the following for their invaluable assistance with review of manuscripts for the journal in Volume 2 (2013).

  2. Growing a Peer Review Culture among Graduate Students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kern, Vinícius Medina; Possamai, Osmar; Selig, Paulo Mauricio; Dos Santos Pacheco, Roberto Carlos; de Souza, Gilberto Corręa; Rautenberg, Sandro; da Silva Lemos, Renata Tavares

    Usual processes for pursuing education excellence in a graduate program are candidate selection, coursework, research, and thesis defense. This paper is an experience report on a complementary approach: the growing of a peer review culture among graduate students. We instruct first-year masters and doctoral students on principles for preparing a thesis proposal. Students present their proposals in collective discussion sessions with feedback from professors. The students then submit their proposals through a web interface and are instructed on the role they will play next - of anonymous referees of their peers’ proposals. The referee reports and general statistics are made available to all participating students and advisers. Updated proposals are submitted to an annual workshop open to all participating students and advisers. About 60 students take part in this annual series of seminars with peer review and workshop, generating individual thesis proposals and 180 referee reports, 3 for each proposal. Students and their advisers receive detailed feedback on individual participation as author and referee. The main strength of this experience is the opportunity to assimilate the techniques of objective criticism and to reflect about the quality of own and others’ work. The paper outlines future research and development issues.

  3. Love Canal Emergency Declaration Area habitability study. Volume 5. Peer review summary: TRC (Technical Review Committee) responses. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-07-01

    Environmental studies were conducted to provide data that could be used by the Commissioner of Health for the State of New York in determining whether the Emergency Declaration Area surrounding the Love Canal hazardous-waste site is habitable. These volumes (II through IV) were reviewed by a peer-review panel of expert scientists. The scientists concluded that each of the three environmental studies was well planned and well executed. Volume V summarizes the peer review and gives additional information or clarifications as requested during the peer review. Volume V also provides additional supplemental statistical analyses requested by the peer reviewer panel.

  4. Peer-Led Interventions to Reduce HIV Risk of Youth: A Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maticka-Tyndale, Eleanor; Barnett, Jessica Penwell

    2010-01-01

    One approach in HIV prevention programming targeting youth is to use peer leaders in what is referred to as peer education programming. This paper critically reviews and synthesizes the results and lessons learned from 24 evaluated peer-led programs with an HIV/AIDS risk reduction component that target youth in the communities where they live and…

  5. http://www.schizophreniabulletin.oupjournals.org Schizophrenia Bulletin. For Peer Review Only

    E-print Network

    Ochsner, Kevin

    . For Peer Review Only #12; Page 1 of 22 http://www.schizophreniabulletin.oupjournals.org Schizophrenia Bulletin. For Peer Review Only 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25://www.schizophreniabulletin.oupjournals.org Schizophrenia Bulletin. For Peer Review Only 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

  6. Issues of cultural appropriateness and pedagogical efficacy: exploring peer review in a second language writing class

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guangwei Hu; Sandra Tsui Eu Lam

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports on a study designed to investigate (a) whether peer review is an effective pedagogical activity with adult\\u000a Chinese students in the teaching of second language (L2) academic writing and (b) how factors such as perceptions of the influence\\u000a of peer reviewers’ L2 proficiency, previous experience with peer review, feedback preferences, and culturally-based beliefs\\u000a and practices relate to

  7. The credibility of self-regulation: Evidence from the accounting profession's peer review program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gilles Hilary; Clive Steven Lennox

    2005-01-01

    Following the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, self-regulated peer reviews at accounting firms were replaced by independent inspections conducted by the Public Company Accounting and Oversight Board. Critics of self-regulation had argued that the peer review program lacked credibility. This paper tests whether the opinions issued by the peer reviewers provided credible information to clients about audit firm quality. We find audit firms

  8. The credibility of self-regulation: Evidence from the accounting profession's peer review program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gilles Hilary; Clive Lennox

    2005-01-01

    Following the Sarbanes–Oxley Act, self-regulated peer reviews at accounting firms were replaced by independent inspections conducted by the Public Company Accounting and Oversight Board. Critics of self-regulation had argued that the peer review program lacked credibility. This paper tests whether the opinions issued by the peer reviewers provided credible information to clients about audit firm quality. We find audit firms

  9. 7 CFR 3415.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Agriculture (Continued) COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.10...

  10. Reviewer Acknowledgement 2013

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Contributing reviewers A peer-reviewed journal would not survive without the generous time and insightful comments of the reviewers, whose efforts often go unrecognized. Trials has been blessed by the support of highly-qualified peer reviewers, and the Editors-in-Chief, Doug Altman, Curt Furberg and Jeremy Grimshaw, and staff of the journal would like to show their appreciation by thanking the following for their invaluable assistance with review of manuscripts for the journal in Volume 14 (2013).

  11. Reviewer acknowledgement

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Contributing reviewers A peer-reviewed journal would not survive without the generous time and insightful comments of the reviewers whose efforts often go unrecognized. AIDS Research and Therapy is very grateful for the support of highly qualified peer reviewers and would like to show its appreciation by thanking the following for their assistance with review of manuscripts for the journal in 2013. PMID:24495401

  12. Reviewer acknowledgment

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Contributing reviewers A peer-reviewed journal would not survive without the generous time and insightful comments of the reviewers whose efforts often go unrecognized. AIDS Research and Therapy has been blessed by the support of highly qualified peer reviewers and would like to show its appreciation by thanking the following for their assistance with review of manuscripts for the journal in 2012. PMID:23406621

  13. Peer review of HEDR uncertainty and sensitivity analyses plan

    SciTech Connect

    Hoffman, F.O.

    1993-06-01

    This report consists of a detailed documentation of the writings and deliberations of the peer review panel that met on May 24--25, 1993 in Richland, Washington to evaluate your draft report ``Uncertainty/Sensitivity Analysis Plan`` (PNWD-2124 HEDR). The fact that uncertainties are being considered in temporally and spatially varying parameters through the use of alternative time histories and spatial patterns deserves special commendation. It is important to identify early those model components and parameters that will have the most influence on the magnitude and uncertainty of the dose estimates. These are the items that should be investigated most intensively prior to committing to a final set of results.

  14. [Quality control in pathology: prospective peer review on routine cases].

    PubMed

    Greco, P; Lanza, C; Puzzo, L; Tranchina, M G; Gangemi, P; Cutrona, D

    2000-02-01

    To describe a prospective method of quality assurance adjusted to an ideal group of pathologists, easily feasible in routine surgical pathology. The Authors examined the same slides (EE) independently and without time-limits. In the same session the individual diagnosis were compared and discussed in order to provide only one conclusive diagnoses. After the discussion, diagnostic agreement is 100%. Peer and simultaneous review yields sufficient benefits in increasing the accuracy of diagnostic reports. It stimulates discussion of diagnostic criteria and terminology, creates more uniform reports, and serves as an educational vehicle for pathologists. PMID:10842996

  15. Children who are deaf or hard of hearing in inclusive educational settings: a literature review on interactions with peers.

    PubMed

    Xie, Yu-Han; Potm?šil, Milo?; Peters, Brenda

    2014-10-01

    This review is conducted to describe how children who are deaf or hard of hearing (D/HH) interact with hearing peers in inclusive settings, illustrate the difficulties and challenges faced by them in interacting with peers, and identify effective interventions that promote their social interaction in inclusive education. A systematic search of databases and journals identified 21 papers that met the inclusion criteria. Two broad themes emerged from an analysis of the literatures, which included processes and outcomes of interactions with peers and intervention programs. The research indicates that children who are D/HH face great difficulties in communicating, initiating/entering, and maintaining interactions with hearing peers in inclusive settings. The co-enrollment and social skills training programs are considered to be effective interventions for their social interaction. Communication abilities and social skills of children who are D/HH, responses of children with normal hearing, and the effect of environment are highlighted as crucial aspects of social interactions. In addition, future research is needed to study the interaction between children who are D/HH and hearing peers in natural settings, at different stages of school life, as well as improving social interaction and establishing an inclusive classroom climate for children who are D/HH. PMID:25052819

  16. References that anyone can edit: review of Wikipedia citations in peer reviewed health science literature

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Objectives To examine indexed health science journals to evaluate the prevalence of Wikipedia citations, identify the journals that publish articles with Wikipedia citations, and determine how Wikipedia is being cited. Design Bibliometric analysis. Study selection Publications in the English language that included citations to Wikipedia were retrieved using the online databases Scopus and Web of Science. Data sources To identify health science journals, results were refined using Ulrich’s database, selecting for citations from journals indexed in Medline, PubMed, or Embase. Using Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Reports, 2011 impact factors were collected for all journals included in the search. Data extraction Resulting citations were thematically coded, and descriptive statistics were calculated. Results 1433 full text articles from 1008 journals indexed in Medline, PubMed, or Embase with 2049 Wikipedia citations were accessed. The frequency of Wikipedia citations has increased over time; most citations occurred after December 2010. More than half of the citations were coded as definitions (n=648; 31.6%) or descriptions (n=482; 23.5%). Citations were not limited to journals with a low or no impact factor; the search found Wikipedia citations in many journals with high impact factors. Conclusions Many publications are citing information from a tertiary source that can be edited by anyone, although permanent, evidence based sources are available. We encourage journal editors and reviewers to use caution when publishing articles that cite Wikipedia. PMID:24603564

  17. Open Evaluation: A Vision for Entirely Transparent Post-Publication Peer Review and Rating for Science

    PubMed Central

    Kriegeskorte, Nikolaus

    2012-01-01

    The two major functions of a scientific publishing system are to provide access to and evaluation of scientific papers. While open access (OA) is becoming a reality, open evaluation (OE), the other side of the coin, has received less attention. Evaluation steers the attention of the scientific community and thus the very course of science. It also influences the use of scientific findings in public policy. The current system of scientific publishing provides only journal prestige as an indication of the quality of new papers and relies on a non-transparent and noisy pre-publication peer-review process, which delays publication by many months on average. Here I propose an OE system, in which papers are evaluated post-publication in an ongoing fashion by means of open peer review and rating. Through signed ratings and reviews, scientists steer the attention of their field and build their reputation. Reviewers are motivated to be objective, because low-quality or self-serving signed evaluations will negatively impact their reputation. A core feature of this proposal is a division of powers between the accumulation of evaluative evidence and the analysis of this evidence by paper evaluation functions (PEFs). PEFs can be freely defined by individuals or groups (e.g., scientific societies) and provide a plurality of perspectives on the scientific literature. Simple PEFs will use averages of ratings, weighting reviewers (e.g., by H-index), and rating scales (e.g., by relevance to a decision process) in different ways. Complex PEFs will use advanced statistical techniques to infer the quality of a paper. Papers with initially promising ratings will be more deeply evaluated. The continual refinement of PEFs in response to attempts by individuals to influence evaluations in their own favor will make the system ungameable. OA and OE together have the power to revolutionize scientific publishing and usher in a new culture of transparency, constructive criticism, and collaboration. PMID:23087639

  18. Peer Review of NRC Standardized Plant Analysis Risk Models

    SciTech Connect

    Anthony Koonce; James Knudsen; Robert Buell

    2011-03-01

    The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Standardized Plant Analysis Risk (SPAR) Models underwent a Peer Review using ASME PRA standard (Addendum C) as endorsed by NRC in Regulatory Guide (RG) 1.200. The review was performed by a mix of industry probabilistic risk analysis (PRA) experts and NRC PRA experts. Representative SPAR models, one PWR and one BWR, were reviewed against Capability Category I of the ASME PRA standard. Capability Category I was selected as the basis for review due to the specific uses/applications of the SPAR models. The BWR SPAR model was reviewed against 331 ASME PRA Standard Supporting Requirements; however, based on the Capability Category I level of review and the absence of internal flooding and containment performance (LERF) logic only 216 requirements were determined to be applicable. Based on the review, the BWR SPAR model met 139 of the 216 supporting requirements. The review also generated 200 findings or suggestions. Of these 200 findings and suggestions 142 were findings and 58 were suggestions. The PWR SPAR model was also evaluated against the same 331 ASME PRA Standard Supporting Requirements. Of these requirements only 215 were deemed appropriate for the review (for the same reason as noted for the BWR). The PWR review determined that 125 of the 215 supporting requirements met Capability Category I or greater. The review identified 101 findings or suggestions (76 findings and 25 suggestions). These findings or suggestions were developed to identify areas where SPAR models could be enhanced. A process to prioritize and incorporate the findings/suggestions supporting requirements into the SPAR models is being developed. The prioritization process focuses on those findings that will enhance the accuracy, completeness and usability of the SPAR models.

  19. 1 April 5, 2012 minor correction as tracked change (p. 2) Report on Special Independent Peer Review of the

    E-print Network

    threats to this species. In consideration of substantial disagreement evident in peer review and public conducted special independent peer review of the sections of the status review report related to the disagreement. For this special peer review, we recruited three scientists with marine mammal expertise

  20. Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders reviewer acknowledgement 2013

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Contributing reviewers We thank all of our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in volume 5 (2013). High quality and timely reviews are critical to the overall quality of the journal. We are committed to providing a unique and important outlet for scholarship regarding neurodevelopmental disorders and are indebted to the outstanding reviewers who have contributed their time over the last year in helping us to reach this goal. PMID:24472142