Note: This page contains sample records for the topic peer-reviewed journal article from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Language use reflects scientific methodology: A corpus-based study of peer-reviewed journal articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, philosophers of science have argued that the epistemological requirements of different scientific fields lead necessarily\\u000a to differences in scientific method. In this paper, we examine possible variation in how language is used in peer-reviewed\\u000a journal articles from various fields to see if features of such variation may help to elucidate and support claims of methodological\\u000a variation among the sciences.

Shlomo Argamon; Jeff Dodick; Paul Chase

2008-01-01

2

Afterword - Why Peer Review Journals?  

Microsoft Academic Search

More than 50% of academic libraries' budgets are spent on peer review journal subscriptions [1]. One may wonder why these publications (often) with plain and dull covers (unlike those attractive, colorful magazines on newsstands), small subscription base and specialized readership carry such importance. The reason is simple. Publishing a journal for interested researchers, academics, and practitioners benefits the advancement of

Ellen Yi-Luen Do

2003-01-01

3

NHEERL'S PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES, 2001-2002, TOTAL = 188 (LIST D)  

EPA Science Inventory

This report contains an attachment in Field 14 listing the citations for all of NHEERL's journal articles published during the period June 2001 through May 2002. The report is broken down by NHEERL Division, and it includes manuscripts that have undergone clearance (but have not...

4

NHEERL'S PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES, 2002-2003, TOTAL = 277 (LIST D)  

EPA Science Inventory

This report contains an attachment in Field 14 listing the citations for all of NHEERL's journal articles for the period June 2002 through the first of May 2003. The report includes manuscripts that have undergone clearance (but have not yet been published) during this reporting...

5

From Dissertation to Publication: Converting Doctoral Research into a Peer-Reviewed Journal Article  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"The Journal of Applied Research in the Community College" (JARCC) actively seeks scholarly submissions on community colleges that originate from doctoral dissertations. Understanding the scope and complexity of community and junior colleges nationally requires multiple vantage points. Newly minted doctorates and doctoral candidates can provide a…

Rodriquez-Kiino, Diane

2012-01-01

6

Consistency between Peer Reviewers for a Clinical Specialty Journal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Analysis of reliability among peer reviews of 422 unsolicited articles for the "Journal of Clinical Anesthesia" found that most articles' reviews were consistent or near consistent. However, articles reviewed by two of the editorial board members were much less likely to be accepted than those read by two nonmembers. (Author/MSE)|

Cullen, David J.; Macaulay, Anne

1992-01-01

7

Accelerated Peer-Review Journal Usage Technique for Undergraduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The internet has given undergraduate students ever-increasing access to academic journals via search engines and online databases. However, students typically do not have the ability to use these journals effectively. This often poses a dilemma for instructors. The accelerated peer-review journal usage (APJU) technique provides a way for…

Wallace, J. D.

2008-01-01

8

Scientific composition and review of manuscripts for publication in peer-reviewed dental journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides an extensive tutorial for writers and reviewers involved with the preparation and evaluation of manuscripts submitted for publication in dental journals. The contents were compiled from the Instructions for Authors printed in various peer-reviewed dental journals and from feedback from 10 workshops conducted for the Editorial Review Board of the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. The 10 major

Stephen C. Bayne; Glen P. McGivney; Sarah C. Mazer

9

Are road safety evaluation studies published in peer reviewed journals more valid than similar studies not published in peer reviewed journals?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The peer review system of scientific journals is commonly assumed to prevent seriously flawed research from getting published. This paper compares the quality of 44 road safety evaluation studies published in peer reviewed journals to the quality of 79 evalutation studies dealing with the same safety measures, but not published in peer reviewed journals, in terms of seven criteria of

Rune Elvik

1998-01-01

10

Perceptions of Ethical Problems with Scientific Journal Peer Review: An Exploratory Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the results of an anonymous survey of researchers at a government research institution concerning their\\u000a perceptions about ethical problems with journal peer review. Incompetent review was the most common ethical problem reported\\u000a by the respondents, with 61.8% (SE = 3.3%) claiming to have experienced this at some point during peer review. Bias (50.5%,\\u000a SE = 3.4%) was the next most common

David B. Resnik; Christina Gutierrez-Ford; Shyamal Peddada

2008-01-01

11

A new age of peer reviewed scientific journals  

PubMed Central

The principles of peer reviewed scientific publications date back two and one-half centuries to the origins of Medical Essays and Observations published by the Royal Society of Edinburgh (1731). This year (2012) is notable in that perhaps the most prestigious and best-known medical journal, the New England Journal of Medicine, crossed the second century mark. The methodologies of peer review have undeniably served medicine well and helped to usher in unimaginable advances in human health. Despite such illustrious history, the winds of change are in the air.

Adler, John R.

2012-01-01

12

The Relationship of Previous Training and Experience of Journal Peer Reviewers to Subsequent Review Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundPeer review is considered crucial to the selection and publication of quality science, but very little is known about the previous experiences and training that might identify high-quality peer reviewers. The reviewer selection processes of most journals, and thus the qualifications of their reviewers, are ill defined. More objective selection of peer reviewers might improve the journal peer review process

Michael L. Callaham; John Tercier

2007-01-01

13

Can open access repositories and peer-reviewed journals coexist?  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is often assumed that open access repositories and peer-reviewed journals are in competition with each other and therefore will in the long term be unable to coexist. This paper takes a critical look at that assumption. It draws on the available evidence of actual practice which indicates that coexistence is possible at least in the medium term. It discusses

Stephen Pinfield

2007-01-01

14

On becoming a peer reviewer for a neuropsychology journal.  

PubMed

The peer-review process is an invaluable service provided by the professional community, and it provides the critical foundation for the advancement of science. However, there is remarkably little systematic guidance for individuals who wish to become part of this process. This paper, written from the perspective of reviewers and editors with varying levels of experience, provides general guidelines and advice for new reviewers in neuropsychology, as well as outlining benefits of participation in this process. It is hoped that the current information will encourage individuals at all levels to become involved in peer-reviewing for neuropsychology journals. PMID:19640873

Duff, Kevin; O'Bryant, Sid E; Westervelt, Holly James; Sweet, Jerry J; Reynolds, Cecil R; van Gorp, Wilfred G; Tranel, Daniel; McCaffrey, Robert J

2009-07-29

15

The influence of the civil war in Yugoslavia on publishing in peer-reviewed journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to assess the influence of civil war during recent disintegration of the former Yugoslavia on scientific\\u000a output, as measured by changes in numbers of articles published in peer-reviewed journals. The articles published in journals\\u000a indexed in the Science Citation Index (SCI) were retrieved for the former Yugoslav republics. According to the census of 1991,

Rajko Igi?

2002-01-01

16

First CytoJournal Peer-Reviewer's Retreat in 2006 - Open access, peer-review, and impact factor  

PubMed Central

CytoJournal organized its first Peer-Reviewer's Retreat of 2006 during the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology Annual Meeting at Atlanta on Feb 12, 2006. The major topics discussed were open access, peer review, and impact factors. Representative participants volunteered to join the task force to prepare an instructional guide for peer-reviewing cytopathology manuscripts. Concern about the impact factor for CytoJournal was discussed. A feedback to its readers and authors was recommended. Impact factor calculation needs at least three years of journal statistics. It is only possible after two years from the time a journal is first accepted by Thomson-ISI for citation tracking. CytoJournal is still too new for an impact factor to be calculated. However, general progress of CytoJournal suggests an encouraging pattern for high impact factor.

Shidham, Vinod B; Sandweiss, Lynn; Atkinson, Barbara F

2006-01-01

17

Accuracy in the Identification of Scholarly and Peer-Reviewed Journals and the Peer-Review Process Across Disciplines  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first section of this paper examines the accuracy of the two major periodical directories, Ulrich's (UL) and Serials Directory (SD), in identifying scholarly and peer-reviewed journals. There were significant discrepancies found between SD and UL. A similar difference was also found between SD and journal-provided information, while UL closely reflected journal-provided information.The second section looks at the differences and

Robert G. Bachand; Pamela P. Sawallis

2003-01-01

18

Best peer reviewers and the quality of peer review in biomedical journals.  

PubMed

Current scholarly publications heavily rely on high quality peer review. Peer review, albeit imperfect, is aimed at improving science writing and editing. Evidence supporting peer review as a guarantor of the quality of biomedical publications is currently lacking. Its outcomes are largely dependent on the credentials of the reviewers. Several lines of evidence suggest that predictors of the best contributors to the process include affiliation to a good University and proper research training. Though the options to further improve peer review are currently limited, experts are in favor of formal education and courses on peer review for all contributors to this process. Long-term studies are warranted to assess the strengths and weaknesses of this approach. PMID:22911533

Gasparyan, Armen Yuri; Kitas, George D

2012-08-01

19

Fifteen Guidelines for Helping Education Faculty Get Published in Peer-reviewed Journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Getting tenure at most schools of education in the United States is usually a six- or seven-year process. Typically, junior faculty are expected to demonstrate excellent teaching, to engage in rigorous committee work, and to publish books and articles in peer-reviewed journals. Our experience in academe during the past three decades suggests that non-tenured education faculty sustain incredible stress as

Joseph Sanacore; Donna Alvermann

20

Reviewing the review process: towards good practice in the peer review of manuscripts submitted to nursing journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Publishing in peer reviewed journals is an essential activity for nurses working in higher education. This paper offers some reflections on the processes involve in the reviewing of articles submitted for publication, and explores some ways in which this system may be improved.All journals operate some kind of review process. This can range from, at one end, the editor making

Philip Burnard; Ben Hannigan

2001-01-01

21

Using online databases to find peer-reviewed journal articles on injury prevention and safety promotion research: a study of textword queries by SafetyLit users  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the capacity of textword queries to provide a comprehensive listing of articles on injury prevention and safety promotion (IPSP) concepts in a literature database.Methods: All terms used to search SafetyLit (a database of scholarly literature selected for its relevance to the IPSP field) during the years 2000–2005 were listed and then examined to identify terms that are

David W Lawrence

2007-01-01

22

Negotiation on the Assessment of Research Articles with Academic Reviewers: Application of Peer-Review Approach of Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides an insight into the dominant negotiation processes that occur between the authors of research articles and academic reviewers at the peer reviewing stage. Data of reviewers comments and authors responses on 32 science and engineering based journal articles covering four decision categories (accept as is, accept with minor…

Kumar, Prashant; Rafiq, Imran; Imam, Boulent

2011-01-01

23

Perceptions of ethical problems with scientific journal peer review: an exploratory study.  

PubMed

This article reports the results of an anonymous survey of researchers at a government research institution concerning their perceptions about ethical problems with journal peer review. Incompetent review was the most common ethical problem reported by the respondents, with 61.8% (SE = 3.3%) claiming to have experienced this at some point during peer review. Bias (50.5%, SE = 3.4%) was the next most common problem. About 22.7% (SE = 2.8%) of respondents said that a reviewer had required them to include unnecessary references to his/her publication(s), 17.7% (SE = 2.6%) said that comments from reviewers had included personal attacks, and 9.6% (SE = 2.0%) stated that reviewers had delayed publication to publish a paper on the same topic. Two of the most serious violations of peer review ethics, breach of confidentiality (6.8%, SE = 1.7%) and using ideas, data, or methods without permission (5%, SE = 1.5%) were perceived less often than the other problems. We recommend that other investigators follow up on our exploratory research with additional studies on the ethics of peer review. PMID:18311477

Resnik, David B; Gutierrez-Ford, Christina; Peddada, Shyamal

2008-03-01

24

Editorial Peer Reviewers' Recommendations at a General Medical Journal: Are They Reliable and Do Editors Care?  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundEditorial peer review is universally used but little studied. We examined the relationship between external reviewers' recommendations and the editorial outcome of manuscripts undergoing external peer-review at the Journal of General Internal Medicine (JGIM).Methodology\\/Principal FindingsWe examined reviewer recommendations and editors' decisions at JGIM between 2004 and 2008. For manuscripts undergoing peer review, we calculated chance-corrected agreement among reviewers on recommendations

Richard L. Kravitz; Peter Franks; Mitchell D. Feldman; Martha Gerrity; Cindy Byrne; William M. Tierney; Margaret Sampson

2010-01-01

25

How to Write a Scholarly Book Review for Publication in a Peer-Reviewed Journal  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To describe and discuss the processes used to write scholarly book reviews for publication in peer-reviewed journals and to provide a recommended strategy and book appraisal worksheet to use when conducting book reviews. Methods: A literature search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and the Index to Chiropractic Literature was conducted in June 2009 using a combination of controlled vocabulary and truncated text words to capture articles relevant to writing scholarly book reviews for publication in peer-reviewed journals. Results: The initial search identified 839 citations. Following the removal of duplicates and the application of selection criteria, a total of 78 articles were included in this review including narrative commentaries (n = 26), editorials or journal announcements (n = 25), original research (n = 18), and journal correspondence pieces (n = 9). Discussion: Recommendations for planning and writing an objective and quality book review are presented based on the evidence gleaned from the articles reviewed and from the authors' experiences. A worksheet for conducting a book review is provided. Conclusions: The scholarly book review serves many purposes and has the potential to be an influential literary form. The process of publishing a successful scholarly book review requires the reviewer to appreciate the book review publication process and to be aware of the skills and strategies involved in writing a successful review.

Lee, Alexander D.; Green, Bart N.; Johnson, Claire D.; Nyquist, Julie

2010-01-01

26

Peer review and journal impact factor: the two pillars of contemporary medical publishing  

PubMed Central

The appraisal of scientific quality is a particularly difficult problem. Editorial boards resort to secondary criteria including crude publication counts, journal prestige, the reputation of authors and institutions, and estimated importance and relevance of the research field, making peer review a controversial rather than a rigorous process. On this background different methods for evaluating research may become required, including citation rates and journal impact factors (IF), which are thought to be more quantitative and objective indicators, directly related to published science. The aim of this review is to go into the two pillars of contemporary medical publishing, that is the peer review process and the IF. Qualified experts' reviewing the publications appears to be the only way for the evaluation of medical publication quality. To improve and standardise the principles, procedures and criteria used in peer review evaluation is of great importance. Standardizing and improving training techniques for peer reviewers, would allow for the magnification of a journal's impact factor. This may be a very important reason that impact factor and peer review need to be analyzed simultaneously. Improving a journal's IF would be difficult without improving peer-review efficiency. Peer-reviewers need to understand the fundamental principles of contemporary medical publishing, that is peer-review and impact factors. The current supplement of the Hippokratia for supporting its seminar for reviewers will help to fulfil some of these scopes.

Triaridis, S; Kyrgidis, A

2010-01-01

27

Peer review and journal impact factor: the two pillars of contemporary medical publishing.  

PubMed

The appraisal of scientific quality is a particularly difficult problem. Editorial boards resort to secondary criteria including crude publication counts, journal prestige, the reputation of authors and institutions, and estimated importance and relevance of the research field, making peer review a controversial rather than a rigorous process. On this background different methods for evaluating research may become required, including citation rates and journal impact factors (IF), which are thought to be more quantitative and objective indicators, directly related to published science. The aim of this review is to go into the two pillars of contemporary medical publishing, that is the peer review process and the IF. Qualified experts' reviewing the publications appears to be the only way for the evaluation of medical publication quality. To improve and standardise the principles, procedures and criteria used in peer review evaluation is of great importance. Standardizing and improving training techniques for peer reviewers, would allow for the magnification of a journal's impact factor. This may be a very important reason that impact factor and peer review need to be analyzed simultaneously. Improving a journal's IF would be difficult without improving peer-review efficiency. Peer-reviewers need to understand the fundamental principles of contemporary medical publishing, that is peer-review and impact factors. The current supplement of the Hippokratia for supporting its seminar for reviewers will help to fulfil some of these scopes. PMID:21487485

Triaridis, S; Kyrgidis, A

2010-12-01

28

Peer review in 18th-century scientific journalism.  

PubMed

Although the beginnings of "peer review" are frequently associated with the Royal Society of London when it took over official responsibility for the Philosophical Transactions in 1752, antecedents of peer review practices go back to the 17th century. Despite the differences in the academic, social, intellectual, and economic environments of the 18th century and today, we can find interesting and instructive similarities in the way early editors defined and exercised their prerogatives and responsibilities. These concerns extend to ideas and practices that are closely related to what we call peer review or refereeing today. PMID:2406469

Kronick, D A

1990-03-01

29

Writing narrative literature reviews for peer-reviewed journals: secrets of the trade  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo describe and discuss the process used to write a narrative review of the literature for publication in a peer-reviewed journal. Publication of narrative overviews of the literature should be standardized to increase their objectivity.

Bart N. Green; Claire D. Johnson; Alan Adams

2006-01-01

30

Reviewing the review process: towards good practice in the peer review of manuscripts submitted to nursing journals.  

PubMed

Publishing in peer reviewed journals is an essential activity for nurses working in higher education. This paper offers some reflections on the processes involve in the reviewing of articles submitted for publication, and explores some ways in which this system may be improved. All journals operate some kind of review process. This can range from, at one end, the editor making decisions about the suitability for publication of a submitted paper to, at the other end, papers being blind-reviewed by two (or sometimes more) external referees. This paper notes that there appears to be little or no consistency amongst the various nursing journals with respect to reviewing processes. Suggestions put forward in this article for consideration include: the standardisation of peer review systems across journals; the construction of guidelines for referees which caution against ad hominem attacks on authors; and the introduction of 'open' reviewing. PMID:11322816

Burnard, P; Hannigan, B

2001-04-01

31

Reviewing Manuscripts for Peer-Review Journals: A Primer for Novice and Seasoned Reviewers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  The importance of peer review in the furthering of science cannot be overstated. However, most doctoral students and early\\u000a career professionals receive little formal or informal training in conducting peer reviews.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Purpose  In recognition of this deficit in peer reviewer training, the present article was developed to provide an overview of the\\u000a peer-review process at Annals of Behavioral Medicine and describe

Travis I. Lovejoy; Tracey A. Revenson; Christopher R. France

2011-01-01

32

Negotiation on the assessment of research articles with academic reviewers: application of peer-review approach of teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study provides an insight into the dominant negotiation processes that occur between the authors of research articles\\u000a and academic reviewers at the peer reviewing stage. Data of reviewers comments and authors responses on 32 science and engineering\\u000a based journal articles covering four decision categories (accept as is, accept with minor revisions, major revisions and reject)\\u000a were collected. A commonly

Prashant Kumar; Imran Rafiq; Boulent Imam

33

Peer review for journals: Evidence on quality control, fairness, and innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the published empirical evidence concerning journal peer review consisting of 68 papers, all but three\\u000a published since 1975. Peer review improves quality, but its use to screen papers has met with limited success. Current procedures\\u000a to assure quality and fairness seem to discourage scientific advancement, especially important innovations, because findings\\u000a that conflict with current beliefs are often

J. Scott Armstrong

1997-01-01

34

Writing and Publishing a Research Paper in a Peer-Reviewed Journal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Writing and publishing a research paper in a peer-reviewed journal is a complicated process. This paper tries to take some of the mystery out of that process by describing how a good research paper should be structured, and how the journal submission process works.

Porter, Stephen R.

2007-01-01

35

Writing and Publishing a Research Paper in a Peer-Reviewed Journal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Writing and publishing a research paper in a peer-reviewed journal is a complicated process. This paper tries to take some of the mystery out of that process by describing how a good research paper should be structured, and how the journal submission process works.|

Porter, Stephen R.

2007-01-01

36

Seeing the Sites: Latin American Studies Online: A Review of Free Peer-Reviewed Journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public services librarians seeking to assist researchers in Latin American studies are increasingly augmenting their searches to include online publications not generally indexed in typical library journal and newspaper databases. Allan Scherlen introduces us to this multifaceted world of Web publications in Latin American Studies, centering on two free online peer-reviewed journals that offer an alternative to the traditional subscription

Allan Scherlen

2004-01-01

37

Conflict of interest disclosure policies and practices in peer-reviewed biomedical journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: We undertook this investigation to characterize conflict of interest (COI) policies of biomedical journals with respect to\\u000a authors, peer-reviewers, and editors, and to ascertain what information about COI disclosures is publicly available.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional survey of a convenience sample of 135 editors of peer-reviewed biomedical journals that publish\\u000a original research. We chose an international selection of

Richelle J. Cooper; Malkeet Gupta; Michael S. Wilkes; Jerome R. Hoffman

2006-01-01

38

Emerging Infectious Diseases: A Peer-Reviewed Journal Tracking and Analyzing Disease Trends  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US National Center for Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control, offers the full text of its quarterly, peer reviewed journal Emerging Infectious Diseases at its web site. The issues are divided into three categories: Perspectives, dealing with the underlying causes of infectious disease emergence; Synopses, summaries of specific diseases; and Dispatches, "brief laboratory or epidemiologic reports with an international scope." The October-December 1996 issue contains articles on protecting against dangerous emerging pathogens, "Molecular Mechanisms of Bacterial Virulence," and Creutzfeldt-Jacob Disease in the US, among others. Issues are available in HTML, ASCII, .pdf, and PostScript format. A limited number of issues are available in Spanish, French and Chinese.

1995-01-01

39

Authors' and editors' perspectives on peer review quality in three scholarly nursing journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the quality of peer review in three scholarly nursing journals from the perspectives of authors and editors. Specifically, the study examined the extent to which manuscript reviews provided constructive guidance for authors to further develop their work for publication, and for editors to make informed and sound decisions on the disposition of manuscripts.

Mona M. Shattell; Peggy Chinn; Sandra P. Thomas; W. Richard Cowling

2010-01-01

40

An electronic peer-reviewed journal of Earth system science education resources (JESSE)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Journal of Earth System Science Education (JESSE) aims to establish through electronic peer review and publication an orderly collection of resource materials for the broadly defined geoscience and related disciplines involved in Earth system and global change education. JESSE seeks submissions which provide substantive scientific content that challenges and intellectually stimulates educators and students through inquiry across a broad

Martin Ruzek; Donald R. Johnson; Robert Ford; Michael Kalb

2000-01-01

41

Online survey of nursing journal peer reviewers: indicators of quality in manuscripts.  

PubMed

Nursing journal peer reviewers (N = 1,675) completed a 69-item online survey that assessed their views on manuscripts' contributions to nursing, priorities in writing reviews, use of journal impact factor, and other areas related to indicators of quality. They reported using contribution to knowledge or research evidence, topic of current interest, and newly emerging area as indicators of a manuscript's contribution to nursing. In writing their reviews, research rigor and clinical relevance of the manuscript were high priorities. Those familiar with the concept of impact factor were significantly more often not nurses; not United States residents; involved in research; and most often reviewed for journals that published only research or a scholarly mix of research, reviews, policy, and theory. When judging a paper's contribution, nursing journal peer reviewers weigh both research and clinical interests. Most reviewers do not use impact factors and place clinical considerations ahead of impact factors. PMID:21078915

Dougherty, Molly C; Freda, Margaret C; Kearney, Margaret H; Baggs, Judith Gedney; Broome, Marion

2010-11-15

42

Ten Years of Peer-Reviewed Articles in Counselor Education: Where, What, Who?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although counselor educators may be called on to justify publication venues, authorship order, and types of articles for purposes of promotion and tenure, there are few sources of data regarding norms for publication in counselor education. The current study examined peer-reviewed publication venues, article types, and authorship order of 317…

Minton, Casey A. Barrio; Fernando, Delini M.; Ray, Dee C.

2008-01-01

43

Ten Years of Peer-Reviewed Articles in Counselor Education: Where, What, Who?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although counselor educators may be called on to justify publication venues, authorship order, and types of articles for purposes of promotion and tenure, there are few sources of data regarding norms for publication in counselor education. The current study examined peer-reviewed publication venues, article types, and authorship order of 317…

Minton, Casey A. Barrio; Fernando, Delini M.; Ray, Dee C.

2008-01-01

44

A comparison of conflict of interest policies at peer-reviewed journals in different scientific disciplines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientific journals can promote ethical publication practices through policies on conflicts of interest. However, the prevalence\\u000a of conflict of interest policies and the definition of conflict of interest appear to vary across scientific disciplines.\\u000a This survey of high-impact, peer-reviewed journals in 12 different scientific disciplines was conducted to assess these variations.\\u000a The survey identified published conflict of interest policies in

Jessica S. Ancker; Annette Flanagin

2007-01-01

45

From Control to Networks in Academic Publishing: Introduction of an Open Peer Review International Journal  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the article is to discuss alternatives to the traditional peer review system and reconstruct the review praxis to include ideas from Mode 2 and the second generation of web solutions, often called Web 2.0. The article starts by discussing the concept of Research 2.0, which basically propose a gentle marriage between the concepts Mode 2 in the

Peter Giger; Lena Trojer

46

Conflict of Interest and Disclosure Policies in Psychiatry and Medicine: A Comparative Study of Peer-Reviewed Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors reviewed and characterized conflict of interest (COI) and disclosure policies published in peer-reviewed psychiatric and nonpsychiatric journals. Methods: The authors examined peer-reviewed publications in the psychiatric (N=20) and nonpsychiatric (N=20) literature. Using qualitative and quantitative approaches, they…

Khurana, Gauri; Henderson, Schuyler; Walter, Garry; Martin, Andres

2012-01-01

47

Conflict of Interest and Disclosure Policies in Psychiatry and Medicine: A Comparative Study of Peer-Reviewed Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The authors reviewed and characterized conflict of interest (COI) and disclosure policies published in peer-reviewed psychiatric and nonpsychiatric journals. Methods: The authors examined peer-reviewed publications in the psychiatric (N=20) and nonpsychiatric (N=20) literature. Using qualitative and quantitative approaches, they…

Khurana, Gauri; Henderson, Schuyler; Walter, Garry; Martin, Andres

2012-01-01

48

Reviewing the Review Process: Towards Good Practice in the Peer Review of Manuscripts Submitted to Nursing Journals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that there is little consistency among review processes of nursing journals. Recommends a standardized peer review system, establishment of guidelines for referees, and introduction of open rather than anonymous reviewing. (SK)

Burnard, Philip; Hannigan, Ben

2001-01-01

49

Peer Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines peer review in the National Institutes of Health and in scholarly journals and discusses limitations--time, paperwork, subjectivity, limited resources, and increased instances of misconduct and unethical behavior. Suggests reforms: eliminate anonymity, use review specialists, have institutions monitor their own faculty, and conduct…

Felton, Geraldene; Swanson, Elizabeth A.

1995-01-01

50

Learning effects of thematic peer-review: a qualitative analysis of reflective journals on spiritual care.  

PubMed

This study describes the learning effects of thematic peer-review discussion groups (Hendriksen, 2000. Begeleid intervisie model, Collegiale advisering en probleemoplossing, Nelissen, Baarn.) on developing nursing students' competence in providing spiritual care. It also discusses the factors that might influence the learning process. The method of peer-review is a form of reflective learning based on the theory of experiential learning (Kolb, 1984. Experiential learning, Experience as the source of learning development. Englewoods Cliffs, New Jersey, Prentice Hill). It was part of an educational programme on spiritual care in nursing for third-year undergraduate nursing students from two nursing schools in the Netherlands. Reflective journals (n=203) kept by students throughout the peer-review process were analysed qualitatively The analysis shows that students reflect on spirituality in the context of personal experiences in nursing practice. In addition, they discuss the nursing process and organizational aspects of spiritual care. The results show that the first two phases in the experiential learning cycle appear prominently; these are 'inclusion of actual experience' and 'reflecting on this experience'. The phases of 'abstraction of experience' and 'experimenting with new behaviour' are less evident. We will discuss possible explanations for these findings according to factors related to education, the students and the tutors and make recommendations for follow-up research. PMID:19027200

van Leeuwen, René; Tiesinga, Lucas J; Jochemsen, Henk; Post, Doeke

2008-11-21

51

Editorial Peer Reviewers' Recommendations at a General Medical Journal: Are They Reliable and Do Editors Care?  

PubMed Central

Background Editorial peer review is universally used but little studied. We examined the relationship between external reviewers' recommendations and the editorial outcome of manuscripts undergoing external peer-review at the Journal of General Internal Medicine (JGIM). Methodology/Principal Findings We examined reviewer recommendations and editors' decisions at JGIM between 2004 and 2008. For manuscripts undergoing peer review, we calculated chance-corrected agreement among reviewers on recommendations to reject versus accept or revise. Using mixed effects logistic regression models, we estimated intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC) at the reviewer and manuscript level. Finally, we examined the probability of rejection in relation to reviewer agreement and disagreement. The 2264 manuscripts sent for external review during the study period received 5881 reviews provided by 2916 reviewers; 28% of reviews recommended rejection. Chance corrected agreement (kappa statistic) on rejection among reviewers was 0.11 (p<.01). In mixed effects models adjusting for study year and manuscript type, the reviewer-level ICC was 0.23 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.19–0.29) and the manuscript-level ICC was 0.17 (95% CI, 0.12–0.22). The editors' overall rejection rate was 48%: 88% when all reviewers for a manuscript agreed on rejection (7% of manuscripts) and 20% when all reviewers agreed that the manuscript should not be rejected (48% of manuscripts) (p<0.01). Conclusions/Significance Reviewers at JGIM agreed on recommendations to reject vs. accept/revise at levels barely beyond chance, yet editors placed considerable weight on reviewers' recommendations. Efforts are needed to improve the reliability of the peer-review process while helping editors understand the limitations of reviewers' recommendations.

Kravitz, Richard L.; Franks, Peter; Feldman, Mitchell D.; Gerrity, Martha; Byrne, Cindy; Tierney, William M.

2010-01-01

52

Research Minutes: How to Identify Scholarly Journal Articles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This video provides a short introduction to scholarly articles and peer reviewed journals for students. It covers the distinguishing features of academic journals and resources for searching this literature. Although some of the information is specific to the Cornell University libraries, the information is generally applicable to any college or university research library.

2010-04-14

53

Should Authors Submit Previous Peer-Review Reports When Submitting Research Papers? Views of General Medical Journal Editors  

PubMed Central

Publishing research can be time consuming, as papers are often submitted and reviewed by multiple journals before final acceptance. We hypothesized that attaching previous peer-review reports to the next submission of the paper to a different journal (possibly with point-to-point responses and amendments) could decrease the workload for both reviewers and editors and could shorten the time from final draft to actual publication. We therefore performed an online survey to assess the views of the editors-in-chief of all 100 general medical journals from the citation impact factor report category “internal & general medicine” (ISI Web of Knowledge). Of contacted editors, 61% responded. One of 4 journals do currently receive peer-review reports on occasion. Editors recognized potential advantages but also concerns on using previous peer-review reports across 3 themes: scientific community, quality of papers, and the publication process. The use of previous peer-review reports has the potential to facilitate authors, reviewers, and editors in optimizing peer review in general medical science.

Cals, Jochen W. L.; Mallen, Christian D.; Glynn, Liam G.; Kotz, Daniel

2013-01-01

54

How long is the peer review process for journal manuscripts? A case study on Angewandte Chemie International Edition.  

PubMed

One of the most frequently raised criticisms of the review process for manuscripts is that the length of time between submission of a manuscript and the editorial decision is overly long. Taking the journal Angewandte Chemie International Edition as an example and based on nearly 2000 manuscripts, the present study examined just how long the peer review process takes. PMID:21137690

Bornmann, Lutz; Daniel, Hans-Dieter

2010-01-01

55

Content Analysis of Oncology-Related Pharmaceutical Advertising in a Peer-Reviewed Medical Journal  

PubMed Central

Background The oncology market represents one of the largest pharmaceutical markets in any medical field, and printed advertising in medical journals is an important channel by which pharmaceutical companies communicate with healthcare professionals. The aim of the present study was to analyze the volume and content of and trends and changes in oncology-related advertising intended for healthcare professionals in a peer-reviewed medical journal. Information that could be included in advertisements to promote drug development and improve treatment strategies for cancer patients is discussed on the basis of the results of the analysis. Methods/Principal Findings Overall, 6,720 advertisements covering 13,039 pages in a leading oncology medical journal published (by the American Society of Clinical Oncology) between January 2005 and December 2009 were analyzed. The advertisements targeting pharmaceuticals and clinical trials, in particular, were reviewed. A total of 6,720 advertisements covering 13,039 pages were included in the analysis. For the years 2005–2009, the percentages of total journal pages dedicated to advertising were 24.0%, 45.7%, 49.8%, 46.8%, and 49.8%, respectively. Package insert information and efficacy and safety explanations appeared in more than 80% of advertisements intended for pharmaceutical promotion. From 2005 to 2009, the overall quantity of drug advertisements decreased by approximately 13%, whereas advertisements calling for the enrollment of patients into registration trials increased by approximately 11%. Conclusion/Significance Throughout the study period, oncology-related pharmaceutical advertisements occupied a considerable number of pages relative to other journal content. The proportion of advertisements on ongoing clinical trials increased progressively throughout the study period.

Yonemori, Kan; Hirakawa, Akihiro; Ando, Masashi; Hirata, Taizo; Yunokawa, Mayu; Shimizu, Chikako; Tamura, Kenji; Fujiwara, Yasuhiro

2012-01-01

56

Fake Peer Reviews, the Latest Form of Scientific Fraud, Fool Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports on how some scientists impersonate outside reviewers for journals and give high marks to their own manuscripts. Scientists appear to have figured out a new way to avoid any bad prepublication reviews that dissuade journals from publishing their articles: Write positive reviews themselves, under other people's names. In…

Fischman, Josh

2012-01-01

57

Fake Peer Reviews, the Latest Form of Scientific Fraud, Fool Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on how some scientists impersonate outside reviewers for journals and give high marks to their own manuscripts. Scientists appear to have figured out a new way to avoid any bad prepublication reviews that dissuade journals from publishing their articles: Write positive reviews themselves, under other people's names. In…

Fischman, Josh

2012-01-01

58

Learning effects of thematic peer-review: A qualitative analysis of reflective journals on spiritual care  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study describes the learning effects of thematic peer-review discussion groups (Hendriksen, 2000. Begeleid intervisie model, Collegiale advisering en probleemoplossing, Nelissen, Baarn.) on developing nursing students’ competence in providing spiritual care. It also discusses the factors that might influence the learning process. The method of peer-review is a form of reflective learning based on the theory of experiential learning (Kolb,

René van Leeuwen; Lucas J. Tiesinga; Henk Jochemsen; Doeke Post

2009-01-01

59

The Usefulness of Peer Review for Selecting Manuscripts for Publication: A Utility Analysis Taking as an Example a High-Impact Journal  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundHigh predictive validity – that is, a strong association between the outcome of peer review (usually, reviewers' ratings) and the scientific quality of a manuscript submitted to a journal (measured as citations of the later published paper) – does not as a rule suffice to demonstrate the usefulness of peer review for the selection of manuscripts. To assess usefulness, it

Lutz Bornmann; Hans-Dieter Daniel; Joel M. Schnur

2010-01-01

60

Are Abstracts Presented at the EAU Meeting Followed by Publication in Peer-Reviewed Journals?  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeOur goal was to assess the rate and time-course of peer-reviewed publication of abstracts presented at the European Association of Urology (EAU) Annual Meeting and to identify factors predictive of publication.

Riccardo Autorino; Giuseppe Quarto; Giuseppe Di Lorenzo; Marco De Sio; Rocco Damiano

2007-01-01

61

Scientific evaluation by peer review  

Microsoft Academic Search

In his essay on peer review in the 18th century scientific journalism, David Abraham Kronick (1) pointed out that „ peer review is an essential and integral part of consensus building and is inherent and necessary to the growth of knowledge”. Editorial peer review, however, was far from being a well established institution back at Mendel’s time (2). It is

Nela Popescu

2007-01-01

62

Beyond Peer-Reviewed Articles: Using Blogs to Enrich Students' Understanding of Scholarly Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Undergraduate students are expected to find, evaluate, and use peer-reviewed or scholarly literature, but they rarely learn about the process of creating new knowledge or the roles the literature plays in the work of scholars. A desired outcome of undergraduate education is the understanding that knowledge is created, evolving, and contextual…

Deitering, Anne-Marie; Gronemyer, Kate

2011-01-01

63

Substantial Agreement of Referee Recommendations at a General Medical Journal - A Peer Review Evaluation at Deutsches ?rzteblatt International  

PubMed Central

Background Peer review is the mainstay of editorial decision making for medical journals. There is a dearth of evaluations of journal peer review with regard to reliability and validity, particularly in the light of the wide variety of medical journals. Studies carried out so far indicate low agreement among reviewers. We present an analysis of the peer review process at a general medical journal, Deutsches Ärzteblatt International. Methodology/Principal Findings 554 reviewer recommendations on 206 manuscripts submitted between 7/2008 and 12/2009 were analyzed: 7% recommended acceptance, 74% revision and 19% rejection. Concerning acceptance (with or without revision) versus rejection, there was a substantial agreement among reviewers (74.3% of pairs of recommendations) that was not reflected by Fleiss' or Cohen's kappa (<0.2). The agreement rate amounted to 84% for acceptance, but was only 31% for rejection. An alternative kappa-statistic, however, Gwet's kappa (AC1), indicated substantial agreement (0.63). Concordance between reviewer recommendation and editorial decision was almost perfect when reviewer recommendations were unanimous. The correlation of reviewer recommendations and citations as counted by Web of Science was low (partial correlation adjusted for year of publication: ?0.03, n.s.). Conclusions/Significance Although our figures are similar to those reported in the literature our conclusion differs from the widely held view that reviewer agreement is low: Based on overall agreement we consider the concordance among reviewers sufficient for the purposes of editorial decision making. We believe that various measures, such as positive and negative agreement or alternative Kappa values are superior to the application of Cohen's or Fleiss' Kappa in the analysis of nominal or ordinal level data regarding reviewer agreement. Also, reviewer recommendations seem to be a poor proxy for citations because, for example, manuscripts will be changed considerably during the revision process.

Baethge, Christopher; Franklin, Jeremy; Mertens, Stephan

2013-01-01

64

A Systematic Appraisal of Peer Review Guidelines for Special Education Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evidence-based practice movement in special education has emphasized the use of the scientific process to assist with the identification of effective academic and behavioral strategies. An important but often overlooked aspect of this system is the peer review process in which manuscripts submitted for publication are reviewed by experts to…

Maggin, Daniel M.; Chafouleas, Sandra M.; Berggren, Melissa; Sugai, George

2013-01-01

65

A Systematic Appraisal of Peer Review Guidelines for Special Education Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The evidence-based practice movement in special education has emphasized the use of the scientific process to assist with the identification of effective academic and behavioral strategies. An important but often overlooked aspect of this system is the peer review process in which manuscripts submitted for publication are reviewed by experts to…

Maggin, Daniel M.; Chafouleas, Sandra M.; Berggren, Melissa; Sugai, George

2013-01-01

66

College Reading Research and Practice: Articles from "The Journal of College Literacy and Learning."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume presents 27 articles from "The Journal of College Literacy and Learning," a peer-reviewed journal (formerly the "Forum for Reading") produced by the International Reading Association's College Literacy and Learning Special Interest Group. Following "Foreword" (Donna E. Alvermann) and "Introduction" (Eric J. Paulson; Michael E. Laine;…

Paulson, Eric J., Ed.; Laine, Michaeline E., Ed.; Biggs, Shirley A., Ed.; Bullock, Terry L., Ed.

67

College Reading Research and Practice: Articles from "The Journal of College Literacy and Learning."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume presents 27 articles from "The Journal of College Literacy and Learning," a peer-reviewed journal (formerly the "Forum for Reading") produced by the International Reading Association's College Literacy and Learning Special Interest Group. Following "Foreword" (Donna E. Alvermann) and "Introduction" (Eric J. Paulson; Michael E. Laine;…

Paulson, Eric J., Ed.; Laine, Michaeline E., Ed.; Biggs, Shirley A., Ed.; Bullock, Terry L., Ed.

68

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2013-02-01

69

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2013-10-01

70

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2013-03-01

71

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2013-04-01

72

Systematic review of the effectiveness of training programs in writing for scholarly publication, journal editing, and manuscript peer review (protocol)  

PubMed Central

Background An estimated $100 billion is lost to ‘waste’ in biomedical research globally, annually, much of which comes from the poor quality of published research. One area of waste involves bias in reporting research, which compromises the usability of published reports. In response, there has been an upsurge in interest and research in the scientific process of writing, editing, peer reviewing, and publishing (that is, journalology) of biomedical research. One reason for bias in reporting and the problem of unusable reports could be due to authors lacking knowledge or engaging in questionable practices while designing, conducting, or reporting their research. Another might be that the peer review process for journal publication has serious flaws, including possibly being ineffective, and having poorly trained and poorly motivated reviewers. Similarly, many journal editors have limited knowledge related to publication ethics. This can ultimately have a negative impact on the healthcare system. There have been repeated calls for better, more numerous training opportunities in writing for publication, peer review, and publishing. However, little research has taken stock of journalology training opportunities or evaluations of their effectiveness. Methods We will conduct a systematic review to synthesize studies that evaluate the effectiveness of training programs in journalology. A comprehensive three-phase search approach will be employed to identify evaluations of training opportunities, involving: 1) forward-searching using the Scopus citation database, 2) a search of the MEDLINE In-Process and Non-Indexed Citations, MEDLINE, Embase, ERIC, and PsycINFO databases, as well as the databases of the Cochrane Library, and 3) a grey literature search. Discussion This project aims to provide evidence to help guide the journalological training of authors, peer reviewers, and editors. While there is ample evidence that many members of these groups are not getting the necessary training needed to excel at their respective journalology-related tasks, little is known about the characteristics of existing training opportunities, including their effectiveness. The proposed systematic review will provide evidence regarding the effectiveness of training, therefore giving potential trainees, course designers, and decision-makers evidence to help inform their choices and policies regarding the merits of specific training opportunities or types of training.

2013-01-01

73

PCL-R Psychopathy: Threats to Sue, Peer Review, and Potential Implications for Science and Law. A Commentary  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disputes among academicians are not uncommon. They are usually played out in peer review journals in the form of point-and-counterpoint articles, or rebuttals and rejoinders. Recently however, a threat of litigation was issued against the authors of an article and the editor of the scientific journal which had accepted that article for publication following peer review. In this commentary we

Norman Poythress; John P. Petrila

2010-01-01

74

Peer Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by Laura Guertin, Pennsylvania State University Brandywine "For generations, the academic community has relied on peer review as a way of enhancing the knowledge base and encouraging serious ...

Guertin, Laura

75

Stomatological Journal (Selected Articles).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This article discusses the clinical symptoms of lithiasis of the parotid salivary gland, examination methods that allow detection of sialoliths, including x-ray methods, and treatment by antibiotics of the tetracycline group and surgery. Observations of 5...

B. Rossowa K. Limburska

1966-01-01

76

Is a mechanism such as the NCI's Clinical Alert ever an appropriate alternative to journal peer review?  

PubMed

Responsibly handled, a mechanism such as a Clinical Alert can provide physicians with enough information to deal with the early release of data to the public. The journal peer review system was established primarily as an academic tool to allow publication of scientific work for the purpose of communicating information among scientists and physicians. Since both the number of papers published by an investigator and the quality of the journal publishing them are important to academic advancement, bypassing this system naturally threatens many physicians and scientists. The Clinical Alert, however, served its purpose and was well received by the majority of practicing physicians and the public. In fact, a second Alert was issued by NCI in October 1989 when data became available on the effectiveness of a new adjuvant drug therapy for a common stage of colon cancer (Appendix B) and, at a workshop convened by the National Cancer Advisory Board, where the mechanism of the Clinical Alerts was discussed, it was apparent that most participants felt that maintaining this process was important. In light of the current revolution in biology, the public's interest in receiving the benefits of its financial support of the national research enterprise, and access by the press to both scientific literature and meetings, it seems appropriate for public officials, especially when mandated by Congress, to take the responsibility of releasing some types of data to the public before traditional peer review. Some visible public decision-making process must, however, be used where the pros and cons of early release of a particular data set can be discussed, as was done with the original NCI Clinical Alert.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:1869279

DeVita, V T

1991-01-01

77

The Journal of Earth System Science Education: Peer Review for Digital Earth and Digital Library Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Journal of Earth System Science Education is a new interdisciplinary electronic journal aiming to foster the study of the Earth as a system and promote the development and exchange of interdisciplinary learning resources for formal and informal education. JESSE will serve educators and students by publishing and providing ready electronic access to Earth system and global change science learning

D. Johnson; M. Ruzek; J. Weatherley

2001-01-01

78

Mobilizing Information in Journal Articles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the disaggregation (ability to access/manipulate individual components of a document) and reaggregation (compilation of article components into a new written work) of scientific and technical journal articles by students and faculty members. Results lead to a discussion of metadata, the role of context in constraining component use, and…

Bishop, Ann Peterson

1998-01-01

79

Authorship problems in scholarly journals: considerations for authors, peer reviewers and editors.  

PubMed

Authorship problems in scholarly journals shake the foundations of research, diminish scientific quality of papers and devalue records of citation tracking services. The 'Publish or Perish' mantra is thought to drive some instances of unfair, honorary authorship, particularly in countries of emerging scientific power. Though causes of honorary, gift, guest and ghost authorship are still ill-defined, it is possible to avoid some of these instances by improving awareness of what constitutes authorship and by adhering to the editorial policies of learned associations. This paper overviews common cases of inappropriate authorship and suggests options to solve related problems by authors, reviewers and editors of scholarly journals. PMID:23124697

Gasparyan, Armen Yuri; Ayvazyan, Lilit; Kitas, George D

2012-11-04

80

Critical feedback on peer review research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of peer review in second language writing has been a quite popular topic in the writing research for the past two decades. However, the question posed here is: Does peer review impact the quality of student writing? The purpose of this paper is to review peer review research published in Journal of Second Language Writing between 1992 and

Yin Ling Cheunga

2011-01-01

81

Classical peer review: an empty gun  

Microsoft Academic Search

‘If peer review was a drug it would never be allowed onto the market,’ says Drummond Rennie, deputy editor of the Journal Of the American Medical Association and intellec tual father of the international congresses of peer review that have been held every four years since 1989. Peer review would not get onto the market because we have no convincing

Richard Smith

2010-01-01

82

The Usefulness of Peer Review for Selecting Manuscripts for Publication: A Utility Analysis Taking as an Example a High-Impact Journal  

PubMed Central

Background High predictive validity – that is, a strong association between the outcome of peer review (usually, reviewers' ratings) and the scientific quality of a manuscript submitted to a journal (measured as citations of the later published paper) – does not as a rule suffice to demonstrate the usefulness of peer review for the selection of manuscripts. To assess usefulness, it is important to include in addition the base rate (proportion of submissions that are fundamentally suitable for publication) and the selection rate (the proportion of submissions accepted). Methodology/Principal Findings Taking the example of the high-impact journal Angewandte Chemie International Edition (AC-IE), we present a general approach for determining the usefulness of peer reviews for the selection of manuscripts for publication. The results of our study show that peer review is useful: 78% of the submissions accepted by AC-IE are correctly accepted for publication when the editor's decision is based on one review, 69% of the submissions are correctly accepted for publication when the editor's decision is based on two reviews, and 65% of the submissions are correctly accepted for publication when the editor's decision is based on three reviews. Conclusions/Significance The paper points out through what changes in the selection rate, base rate or validity coefficient a higher success rate (utility) in the AC-IE selection process could be achieved.

Bornmann, Lutz; Daniel, Hans-Dieter

2010-01-01

83

Journal Articles as Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students use as the basis for a case study a journal article investigating whether people who claimed to have severe lactose intolerance really were unable to digest lactose. This type of case is referred to as an "issues" or "analysis" type of case in wh

Cornely, Kathleen

1999-11-01

84

Understanding the role of open peer review and dynamic academic articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

We welcome the commentary by L. Egghe (Scientometrics, this issue) stimulating discussion on our recent article “Natural selection of academic papers” (NSAP) (Scientometrics, 85(2):553–559,\\u000a 2010) that focuses on an important modern issue at the heart of the scientific enterprise—the open and continuous evaluation and\\u000a evolution of research. We are also grateful to the editor of Scientometrics for giving us the

Pandelis Perakakis; Michael Taylor; Marco G. Mazza; Varvara Trachana

85

Research & Librarianship. Research and Practice in Academic Libraries: A Case Study; The Current State of Public Library Research in Select Peer-Reviewed Journals: 1996-2000; From Research to Action in School Library Media Programs; Collaborative Authorship in 'North Carolina Libraries': Past, Present, and Future; Publications and Sinners: Research from the Church Library Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This section includes five articles on research and librarianship including a case study on research and practice in academic libraries; select peer-reviewed journals that examine the current state of public library research (1996-2000); development of research on school library media programs; benefits of collaborative authorship for librarians…

Foote, Margaret; DuBose, Stefanie; Durant, David; Hersberger, Julie; Demas, Christopher; Dickinson, Gail K.

2001-01-01

86

Research & Librarianship. Research and Practice in Academic Libraries: A Case Study; The Current State of Public Library Research in Select Peer-Reviewed Journals: 1996-2000; From Research to Action in School Library Media Programs; Collaborative Authorship in 'North Carolina Libraries': Past, Present, and Future; Publications and Sinners: Research from the Church Library Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This section includes five articles on research and librarianship including a case study on research and practice in academic libraries; select peer-reviewed journals that examine the current state of public library research (1996-2000); development of research on school library media programs; benefits of collaborative authorship for librarians…

Foote, Margaret; DuBose, Stefanie; Durant, David; Hersberger, Julie; Demas, Christopher; Dickinson, Gail K.

2001-01-01

87

Guidelines for Writing Manuscripts About Community-Based Participatory Research for Peer-Reviewed Journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the importance of disseminating the results of com- munity-based participatory research (CBPR), community health partnerships face many challenges in getting their work published. The purpose of this article is to present practical guides for writing about CBPR for those who have little experience in writing for publication or those who want to help their partners write strong manuscripts for

Bryan C. Bordeaux; Crystal. Wiley; S. Darius. Tandon; Carol R. Horowitz; Pamela Bohrer. Brown; Eric B. Bass

2007-01-01

88

SCOAP3:where libraries, scientists and publishers meet repositories, peer-reviewed journals and Open Access  

Microsoft Academic Search

The inexorable growth of both Open Access and library budgetary concerns are calling for innovation in scholarly communication. The field of High-Energy Physics has decades of tradition in cross-border collaboration and Open Access and is now proposing an innovative model for scientific publishing: SCOAP3. This article presents a synopsis of this opportunity for libraries, scientists and publishers to invent a

Salvatore Mele

2009-01-01

89

Journals and Articles were removed for copyrighted ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text VersionPage 1. Journals and Articles were removed for copyrighted information Page 2. Journals and Articles were removed for copyrighted information ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

90

Jacs Directory: NTIS Journal Article Copy Service.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Directory is intended for use with the National Technical Information Service's (NTIS) Journal Article Copy Service (JACS). JACS is a new NTIS service which provides NTIS deposit account customers with rapid delivery of journal article copies under co...

1978-01-01

91

Grants Peer Review in Theory and Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Grants peer review is a family of ex ante methods used by federal agencies to select research proposalsforfunding. This article draws on Chubin and Hackett's 1990 book, Peerless Science: Peer Review and U.S. Science Policy, to examine both the assumptions and theory underlying peer review as an evaluation methodology and the issues that arise in the operation of peer-based systems

Daryl E. Chubin

1994-01-01

92

Who Writes the Most About Community Colleges? An Analysis of Selected Academic and Practitioner-Oriented Journals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Argues that because peer-reviewed journals are not likely to be read by practitioners, peer-reviewed articles about the community college may have little or no direct influence on the field. Discusses an analysis of six peer-reviewed academic journals and two practitioner journals, which found that the majority of high-producing authors were male…

Townsend, Barbara K.; Bragg, Debra; Kinnick, Mary

2003-01-01

93

Journal Article Growth and Reading Patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academic libraries' electronic collections play an important role in access to journal articles for academics around the world. Academics have access to more articles through electronic collections than at any other time in history. They demonstrate the value of those resources by the time they invest in finding, reading, and citing journal articles.There are some differences in reading and citing

Carol Tenopir; Regina Mays; Lei Wu

2011-01-01

94

Evaluative Language in Peer Review Referee Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most international journals and conferences currently use the peer review system to ensure the quality of their contributions. Among the various types of peer review, the "blind" and the "anonymous" review seem to be the most common. Reviewers, or referees, usually write reports anonymously to indicate to authors what they should change in their…

Fortanet, Inmaculada

2008-01-01

95

Planning for Peer Review of Teaching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Peer review of teaching can help departments improve their treatment of teaching as disciplinary scholarship. Peer review encourages collegial discussion about teaching and creates a framework for thorough evaluation of teaching. The authors of this article reviewed literature that describes the benefits of peer review, and that which describes steps for implementing departmental peer review programs. The benefits of a well-designed, well-implemented system of peer review include improved teaching, elevated morale and productivity, and closer working relationships in a department. Steps to creating an effective, beneficial peer review program include describing the goals of the program, describing good teaching in a department, crafting clear and equitable review procedures, training reviewers, finding opportunities for teachers to learn new instructional techniques, and rewarding participation. Communication, trust, and integrity are key ingredients of successful peer review of teaching.

Mundy, Victoria

1999-01-01

96

Reliability of reviewer ratings in the manuscript peer review process: an opportunity for improvement.  

PubMed

Accountability to authors and readers cannot exist without proper peer review practices. Thus, the information a journal seeks from its peer reviewers and how it makes use of this information is paramount. Disagreement amongst peer reviewers can be considerable, resulting in very diverse comments to authors. Incorporating a clear scoring system for key concrete items and requiring referees to provide justification for scores may ensure that reviewers contribute in a consistently fair and effective manner. This article evaluates information collected from reviewers and proposes an example of a system that aims to improve accountability, while having the potential to make it easier for reviewers to perform a more objective review. PMID:23805832

Onitilo, Adedayo A; Engel, Jessica M; Salzman-Scott, Sherry A; Stankowski, Rachel V; Doi, Suhail A R

2013-01-01

97

Social Simulation That 'Peers into Peer Review'  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article suggests to view peer review as a social interaction problem and shows reasons for social simulators to investigate it. Although essential for science, peer review is largely understudied and current attempts to reform it are not supported by scientific evidence. We suggest that there is room for social simulation to fill this gap by spotlighting social mechanisms behind

Flaminio Squazzoni; Károly Takács

2011-01-01

98

Peer Review, 2000-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Volumes 3 and 4 of "Peer Review," a quarterly digest of emerging trends and key debates in undergraduate education, are collected in this document. Each issue contains articles on one or more featured topics, a discussion of resources on a related topic, and news from the Association of American Colleges and Universities. The issues, with some…

Heller, Rafael, Ed.

2001-01-01

99

A retrospective analysis of submissions, acceptance rate, open peer review operations, and prepublication bias of the multidisciplinary open access journal Head & Face Medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Head & Face Medicine (HFM) was launched in August 2005 to provide multidisciplinary science in the field of head and face disorders with an open access and open peer review publication platform. The objective of this study is to evaluate the characteristics of submissions, the effectiveness of open peer reviewing, and factors biasing the acceptance or rejection of submitted

Thomas Stamm; Ulrich Meyer; Hans-Peter Wiesmann; Johannes Kleinheinz; Murat Cehreli; Zafer C Cehreli

2007-01-01

100

Calibrated Peer Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site presents a paper-writing and peer review tool that is available free to educators and students. Calibrated Peer Review is a Web-based program that enables frequent writing assignments even in large classes with limited instructional resources. The program is discipline and level independent.

Review, Calibrated P.; Angeles, University O.

101

Peer Review for Residents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) currently requires experiences in administration for psychiatry residents. In response to this challenge, the authors created a peer review workshop. Methods: The authors report on the design, implementation, and outcome of the peer review workshop for PGY-3 and PGY-4…

Patel, Malini; Hardy, Daniel W.; Chand, Ravi

2005-01-01

102

Marketing Academics' Perceptions of the Peer Review Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Publication in refereed journals is critical to career success for most marketing faculty members, and the peer review process is the gatekeeper for a refereed journal. The study reported here examines marketing academics' perceptions of this peer review process. Based on responses from 653 marketing academics, we find favorable overall…

Bailey, Charles D.; Hair, Joe F.; Hermanson, Dana R.; Crittenden, Victoria L.

2012-01-01

103

Reading and responding to geological journal articles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This a semester long activity for students in a plate tectonics course will be read one (or two) geological journal articles every other week on the major topics covered in the course. Students will submit reading responses and there will be class discussions of each paper.

Mcfadden, Rory

104

‘Why not give us the full story?’: functions of referees’ comments in peer reviews of scientific research papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer reviews of research articles submitted to journals are an occluded genre, that is, they are not publicly available documents which are part of the research record. When submitting their first scientific papers to international journals for publication, NNSE (non-native speaker of English) novice researchers face the challenging task of framing effective replies to referees’ criticisms, a complex process requiring

Hugh Gosden

2003-01-01

105

Measuring the Quality of Peer-Reviewed Publications in Social Work: Impact Factors—Liberation or Liability?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Systems for measuring the quality of publications in peer-reviewed academic journals have achieved importance in the ‘audit culture’ to which academia worldwide has become increasingly subjected. In the United Kingdom this debate has focused on government proposals to give greater emphasis to bibliometrics (counts of journal articles and their citations) as a measurement of research quality, in respect of publications

Eric Blyth; Steven M. Shardlow; Helen Masson; Karen Lyons; Ian Shaw; Sue White

2010-01-01

106

Use of Trial Register Information during the Peer Review Process  

PubMed Central

Introduction Evidence in the medical literature suggests that trial registration may not be preventing selective reporting of results. We wondered about the place of such information in the peer-review process. Method We asked 1,503 corresponding authors of clinical trials and 1,733 reviewers to complete an online survey soliciting their views on the use of trial registry information during the peer-review process. Results 1,136 authors (n?=?713) and reviewers (n?=?423) responded (37.5%); 676 (59.5%) had reviewed an article reporting a clinical trial in the past 2 years. Among these, 232 (34.3%) examined information registered on a trial registry. If one or more items (primary outcome, eligibility criteria, etc.) differed between the registry record and the manuscript, 206 (88.8%) mentioned the discrepancy in their review comments, 46 (19.8%) advised editors not to accept the manuscript, and 8 did nothing. The reviewers' reasons for not using the trial registry information included a lack of registration number in the manuscript (n?=?132; 34.2%), lack of time (n?=?128; 33.2%), lack of usefulness of registered information for peer review (n?=?100; 25.9%), lack of awareness about registries (n?=?54; 14%), and excessive complexity of the process (n?=?39; 10.1%). Conclusion This survey revealed that only one-third of the peer reviewers surveyed examined registered trial information and reported any discrepancies to journal editors.

Mathieu, Sylvain; Chan, An-Wen; Ravaud, Philippe

2013-01-01

107

Citation of non-English peer review publications - some Chinese examples  

PubMed Central

Articles published in English language journals with citations of non-English peer reviewed materials are not very common today. However, as epidemiologists are becoming more aware of data and information being readily available and accessible in the non-English literature, the question of whether non-English materials can be cited in English language journals and if so, how should they be cited, has become an increasingly important issue. Bringing together personal insights from the author's familiarity with both the English and Chinese language epidemiological literature and results from a survey on the use of citations of non-English peer reviewed materials across a sample of epidemiology and public health journals, this commentary discusses the different ways authors cite non-English articles in different English language journals and the different methods used by journals to handle non-Latin scripts (e.g. transliteration). This commentary will be useful to both epidemiologists and editors alike.

Fung, Isaac CH

2008-01-01

108

Journal of Special Operations Medicine. Volume 5, Edition 4, Fall 2005.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Journal of Special Operations Medicine is a peer reviewed journal for SOF medical professionals. Articles in this journal include: Dengue Fever, Guide to Prevention of Infectious Diseases during Military Deployments, the Ten Commandments of Nutrition:...

2005-01-01

109

Journal of Special Operations Medicine, Volume 6, Edition 1, Winter 2006.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Journal of Special Operations Medicine is a peer reviewed journal for SOF Medical Professionals. Articles in this journal include: Walking Donor Transfusion in a Gar Forward Environment, Guerrilla Warfare Medicine: A Review of the Literature and the P...

2006-01-01

110

Peer Review Changes Taking Shape at NIH  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is an article from The Physiologist. As an agency-wide assessment of its peer review system draws to a close, NIH has issued a series of notices outlining its plans for implementing the suggested changes.

2009-02-01

111

The Four Ps of Publishing: Demystifying Publishing in Peer-Reviewed Journals for Social Work Doctoral Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the 1990s, the field of social work has placed substantial value on social work research. As a result, publishing has become an important aspect of contributing to the social work field. While encouragement for faculty to publish may vary across settings, publication has not traditionally been expected of doctoral students. The purpose of this article is to demystify the

Kimberly Bender; Liliane Cambraia Windsor

2010-01-01

112

Teaching the Anatomy of a Scientific Journal Article  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To promote inquiry-based learning, the authors integrate the anatomy of a scientific journal article into their secondary science curriculum. In this article, they present three classroom activities used to teach students about the function and format of scientific journal articles. The first focuses on journal article figures, the second on journal abstracts, and in the third, students produce their own journal articles, which are based on their investigations.

Busch, Allison K.; Schinske, Jeffrey N.; Clayman, Karen; Tanner, Kimberly D.

2008-10-01

113

Training for Peer Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learning the peer-review process by trial and error may not be the most effective way to train the next generation of scientists in how to be effective reviewers. Here are some suggestions from an editor's perspective.

Nancy R. Gough (American Association for the Advancement of Science;Science Signaling REV)

2009-08-25

114

The Influence of Peer Review on the Research Assessment Exercise  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of peer review within both the scholarly communication system and the UK’s Research Assessment Exercise is reviewed. The common denominator is that of peer-reviewed academic journals, since peer review is used by referees to aid publication decisions and by RAE panel members to evaluate a department’s research performance. We propose that since academic research is now subject to

Valerie Bence; Charles Oppenheim

2004-01-01

115

A Reliability-Generalization Study of Journal Peer Reviews: A Multilevel Meta-Analysis of Inter-Rater Reliability and Its Determinants  

PubMed Central

Background This paper presents the first meta-analysis for the inter-rater reliability (IRR) of journal peer reviews. IRR is defined as the extent to which two or more independent reviews of the same scientific document agree. Methodology/Principal Findings Altogether, 70 reliability coefficients (Cohen's Kappa, intra-class correlation [ICC], and Pearson product-moment correlation [r]) from 48 studies were taken into account in the meta-analysis. The studies were based on a total of 19,443 manuscripts; on average, each study had a sample size of 311 manuscripts (minimum: 28, maximum: 1983). The results of the meta-analysis confirmed the findings of the narrative literature reviews published to date: The level of IRR (mean ICC/r2?=?.34, mean Cohen's Kappa?=?.17) was low. To explain the study-to-study variation of the IRR coefficients, meta-regression analyses were calculated using seven covariates. Two covariates that emerged in the meta-regression analyses as statistically significant to gain an approximate homogeneity of the intra-class correlations indicated that, firstly, the more manuscripts that a study is based on, the smaller the reported IRR coefficients are. Secondly, if the information of the rating system for reviewers was reported in a study, then this was associated with a smaller IRR coefficient than if the information was not conveyed. Conclusions/Significance Studies that report a high level of IRR are to be considered less credible than those with a low level of IRR. According to our meta-analysis the IRR of peer assessments is quite limited and needs improvement (e.g., reader system).

Bornmann, Lutz; Mutz, Rudiger; Daniel, Hans-Dieter

2010-01-01

116

Impartial Judgment by the “Gatekeepers” of Science: Fallibility and Accountability in the Peer Review Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

High publication demands and the low acceptance rate of peer review journals place the journal editors and their reviewers in a powerful position. Journal reviewers have a vital role not only in influencing the journal editor's publication decisions, but also in the very nature and direction of scientific research. Because of their influence in peer review outcomes, journal reviewers are

Mohammadreza Hojat; Joseph S. Gonnella; Addeane S. Caelleigh

2003-01-01

117

Journal of Special Operations Medicine, Volume 6, Edition 2.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Journal of Special Operations Forces Medicine is a peer reviewed journal for SOF Medical Professionals. Articles in this publication include: Compartment Syndrome of the Lower Extremity: Blast Injuries in a Ranger Battalion Don't Miss the Diagnosis, A...

2006-01-01

118

Journal of Special Operations Medicine, Volume 6, Edition 3.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Journal of Special Operations Medicine is a peer reviewed journal for Special Operations Forces medical professionals. Articles in this publication include: Care Coalition Grows for SOF Wounded Warriors, USUHS Online Preparedness Education Program, In...

2006-01-01

119

What's with all this peer-review stuff anyway?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Journal of Physical Security was ostensibly started to deal with a perceived lack of peer-reviewed journals related to the field of physical security. In fact, concerns have been expressed that the field of physical security is scarcely a field at all. A typical, well-developed field might include the following: multiple peer-reviewed journals devoted to the subject, rigor and critical

2010-01-01

120

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the editors of the 26th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems proceedings. Reviews were conducted by expert referees from the International Technical Committee to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing. The members of the Scientific Committee who selected and reviewed the papers included in the Proceedings of the 26th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems are: Yulin WU Tsinghua University China François AVELLAN EPFL-LMH Switzerland (principal) Xingqi LUO Xi'an University of Sci & Tech China Martin BÖHLE Kaiserslautern University Germany Gerard BOIS Arts et Métiers ParisTech France Luca D'AGOSTINO University of Pisa Italy Eduard EGUSQUIZA Polytechnical University Catalonia Spain Richard FISHER Voith Hydro Inc USA Regiane FORTES-PATELLA Institute Polytechnique de Grenoble France Aleksandar GAJIC University of Belgrade Serbia Wei YANG China Agriculture University China YinLu YOUNG University of Michigan USA Adrian LUNGU Dunarea de Jos University of Galati Romania Arpad FAY University of Miskolcz Hungary José GONZÁLEZ Universidad de Oviedo Spain Baoshan ZHU Tsinghua University China Hongxun CHEN Shanghai University China Chisachi KATO University of Tokyo Japan Zhenyue MA Dalian University of Sci & Tech China Honggang FAN Tsinghua University China François GUIBAULT Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal Canada Pengcheng GUO Xian University of Technology China Leqing WANG Zhejiang University China Toshiaki IKOHAGI Tohoku University Japan Jiandong YANG Wuhan University China Jianzhong ZHOU Huazhong University of Sci & Tech China Jinwei LI NULL China Rennian LI Lanzhou University of Sci & Tech China Houlin LIU NULL China Juan LIU Tsinghua University China Shuhong LIU Tsinghua University China Xianwu LUO Tsinghua University China Michihiro NISHI Tsinghua University China Peter PELZ Darmstadt University Germany František POCHYLY Brno University Czech Republic Rudolf SCHILLING Technische Universität München Germany Minguan YANG Jiangsu University China Smaine KOUIDRI Université Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris 6) France Kazuhiro TANAKA Kyushu Institute of Technology Japan Xuelin TANG Tsinghua University China Yoshinobu TSUJIMOTO Osaka University Japan Fujun WANG China Agriculture University China Guoyu WANG Beijing University of Sci & Tech China Wenwu SONG NULL China Zhengwei WANG Tsinghua University China Hongyuan XU Tsinghua University China Lefu XIAO NULL China Fan YANG Tsinghua University China Yuan ZHENG Hehai University China Zhigang ZUO Tsinghua University China Hongwu ZHU China Petroleum University China Lixiang ZHANG Yunnan University of Sci & Tech China Shengchang ZHANG Zhejiang University of Tech China

2012-11-01

121

Ethics of Peer Review: A Guide for Manuscript Reviewers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The peer review of scientific manuscripts is a cornerstone of modern science and medicine. Peer reviewed journals rely on expert and objective review by knowledgeable researchers to ensure the quality of the papers they publish. Moreover, the recommendations the reviewers make concerning publication and the advice they give to authors set the scientific standards of the discipline. In addition, their

Sara Rockwell

122

Teaching the Anatomy of a Scientific Journal Article  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To promote inquiry-based learning, the authors integrate the anatomy of a scientific journal article into their secondary science curriculum. In this article, they present three classroom activities used to teach students about the function and format of scientific journal articles. The first focuses on journal article figures, the second on…

Schinske, Jeffrey N.; Clayman, Karen; Busch, Allison K.; Tanner, Kimberly D.

2008-01-01

123

Teaching the Anatomy of a Scientific Journal Article  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To promote inquiry-based learning, the authors integrate the anatomy of a scientific journal article into their secondary science curriculum. In this article, they present three classroom activities used to teach students about the function and format of scientific journal articles. The first focuses on journal article figures, the second on…

Schinske, Jeffrey N.; Clayman, Karen; Busch, Allison K.; Tanner, Kimberly D.

2008-01-01

124

Designing Peer Review for Pedagogical Success: What Can We Learn from Professional Science?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article compares peer review in professional versus education settings, summarizing key aspects of scientific peer review and reflecting on how these relate to the process as experienced by students. Consideration of professional peer review benefits educators in two ways. First, systems used for student peer review can employ some of the…

Trautmann, Nancy M.

2009-01-01

125

Journal of Digital Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Journal of Digital Information is an electronic-only, peer-reviewed journal covering topics related to digital libraries, hypertext and hypermedia systems, and the issues of digital information. The journal's main page features links to articles in the current issue; previous issues are browseable by issue number, author, title, or theme. They may also be searched by keywords in title or text.

126

Journal and Articles were removed for copyrighted materials  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text VersionPage 1. Journal and Articles were removed for copyrighted materials Page 2. Journal and Articles were removed for copyrighted materials Page 3. ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

127

Journal and Articles were removed for copyrighted materials  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text VersionPage 1. Journal and Articles were removed for copyrighted materials Page 2. Journal and Articles were removed for copyrighted materials ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

128

Journals and articles were removed for copyright information  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text VersionPage 1. Journals and articles were removed for copyright information Page 2. Journals and articles were removed for copyright information ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

129

Do Continuing Medical Education Articles Foster Shared Decision Making?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Introduction: Defined as reviews of clinical aspects of a specific health problem published in peer-reviewed and non-peer-reviewed medical journals, offered without charge, continuing medical education (CME) articles form a key strategy for translating knowledge into practice. This study assessed CME articles for mention of evidence-based…

Labrecque, Michel; Lafortune, Valerie; Lajeunesse, Judith; Lambert-Perrault, Anne-Marie; Manrique, Hermes; Blais, Johanne; Legare, France

2010-01-01

130

An "English Journal" Article That Made a Difference: A Forum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the author's effort to find out more about how "English Journal" articles have led to meaningful changes, he asked several teachers to write about "an "English Journal" article that made a difference." Several council members write about influential articles they read in the pages of NCTE's century-old journal. The brief stories they tell…

Zancanella, Don, Comp.

2012-01-01

131

An "English Journal" Article That Made a Difference: A Forum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the author's effort to find out more about how "English Journal" articles have led to meaningful changes, he asked several teachers to write about "an "English Journal" article that made a difference." Several council members write about influential articles they read in the pages of NCTE's century-old journal. The brief stories they tell…

Zancanella, Don, Comp.

2012-01-01

132

Editor’s Note: Peer Reviewing the Peer Review Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

To meet the highest standards of scholarship, liberatory editorial practices need to transition from static peer reviewed to dynamic peer reviewing models that de-couple publication from defective pre-publication peer review requirements, and engage in alternative peer review practices that remain open to all those wishing to review a manuscript at any time in the post-publication phase—encouraging expanded and deepening exchanges

Mohammad H. Tamdgidi

2005-01-01

133

Peer Review Undergoing Revitalization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Established in the 142,000-student Montgomery County, Maryland, district in 1999, peer assistance and review (PAR)--or "peer review," as it is occasionally called--is actually an old idea. In 1981, the then-president of the Toledo Federation of Teachers, Dal Lawrence, helped create the first PAR program. Almost 30 years later, only a handful of…

Sawchuk, Stephen

2009-01-01

134

Approaching Authentic Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some scholars writing about improving students' reading and integrating reading and writing instruction suggest using think-aloud techniques to teach students reading comprehension skills. Using think-alouds to teach reading comprehension and then the read-aloud protocol technique (which is based on think-alouds) for peer review has two major…

Graff, Nelson

2009-01-01

135

Peering Into Peer Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Critiquing a colleague's manuscript doesn't have the glamour of discovering rare spectral lines or building huge observatories, but it is central to how science functions. Increasingly, new forms of communication -- press releases, Internet postings -- bypass the peer review. Will this undermine or strengthen astronomy?

Jill S. Price; George Musser; Karenann Caldwell; Abigail A. Hafer

1995-01-01

136

Supplemental Journal Article Materials: A progress report on an information industry initiative  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Who could possibly quibble with the idea of publishing supplemental materials to a journal article? Making them available makes it possible for the Earth and space scientists to demonstrate supporting evidence, such as multimedia, computer programs, and datasets; gives the authors the opportunity to present in-depth studies that would not otherwise be available; and enables the readers to replicate experiments and verify their results. However, the scholarly publishing ecosystem is now being threatened by a veritable tsunami of supplemental materials that have to be peer reviewed, identified, described, and made discoverable and citeable; such materials also have to be archived, preserved, and perpetually converted to the contemporary formats to be available to a future researcher. Moreover, the readers often have no clear indication of how critical a particular supplemental material is to the scientific conclusions of the article and thus are not sure whether they should spend their time reading/viewing/running it. In some cases it is not even clear what the material actually supplements. While one segment of the research community argues that even more supplemental materials should be made available, another segment increasingly voices its concern stating categorically that a research article is not a data dump or an FTP site. From the publisher's perspective, dealing with supplemental materials in a responsible fashion is becoming an increasingly costly proposition. Faced with formidable challenges of managing supplemental materials, the information profession community in 2010 formed a joint NISO/NFAIS Working Group to develop Recommended Practices for curating supplemental materials during their life cycle, including but not limited to their selection, peer review, editing, production, presentation, providing context, identification, linking, citing, hosting, discovery, metadata and markup, packaging, accessibility, and preservation. The Recommended Practices also intend to address roles and responsibilities of authors, editors, peer reviewers, publishers, libraries, abstracting and indexing services, and official data centers and institutional repositories. Finally, the document is going to contain broad principles and detailed technical implementation related to metadata, linking, packaging, and accessibility of supplemental materials. In this presentation, a co-chair of the NISO/NFAIS Working Group will report on the Group's latest progress in developing the Recommended Practices for Supplemental Journal Article Materials.

Schwarzman, A. B.

2011-12-01

137

Journal of Special Operations Medicine. Volume 5, Edition 3, Summer 2005.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Journal of Special Operations Medicine is a peer review journal for SOF medical professionals. Articles in this issue include: South American Military Working Horses Positive for Equine Infectious Anemia, Army Range Casualty, Attrition, and Surgery Ra...

2005-01-01

138

Peer Review for Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a Web-based application, the PCS-Tool, which can be used for carrying out online peer review. The tool makes it easy to bring together communities of learners from all walks of life for purposes of sharing their written work and receiving feedback on it. In this completely learner-centered environment, writers are able to gain confidence about their written

Caroline Coit; Kira Stöwe

2006-01-01

139

Peer review: innovating change.  

PubMed

Medicine has traditionally focused on specialty and subspecialty expertise, which subsequently leads to fragmentation, inefficiencies, and lack of accountability. From this focus came a new idea: The Institute. The Institute has transformed our culture, fundamentally affecting the way we approach patient care and how we foster accountability rather than blame. It focuses on system failures rather than on individual ones, which ultimately drives us to act. The result is a peer-review process built on strong interdisciplinary relationships. PMID:22529765

Salud, Antonio; Shapiro, David; Rampulla, Tom; Reddin, Karen

2012-01-01

140

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this Volume 12 of IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the editors of the 25th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems proceedings, Professor Romeo Susan-Resiga, Dr Sebastian Muntean and Dr Sandor Bernad. Reviews were conducted by expert referees from the Scientific Committee to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing. The members of the Scientific Committee who selected and reviewed the papers included in the Proceedings of the 25th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems are: Anton ANTONTechnical University of Civil Engineering, BucharestRomania François AVELLANEcole Polytechnique Fédérale de LausanneSwitzerland Fidel ARZOLAEDELCAVenezuela Thomas ASCHENBRENNERVoith Hydro Gmb H & Co. KG, HeidenheimGermany Anton BERGANTLitostroj Power d.o.o., LjubljanaSlovenia Gerard BOISENSAM, LilleFrance Hermod BREKKENTNU, TrondheimNorway Stuart COULSON Voith Hydro Inc., YorkUSA Eduard EGUSQUIZAPolytechnical University Catalonia BarcelonaSpain Arpad FAYUniversity of MiskolczHungary Richard FISHERVoith Hydro Inc., York USA Regiane FORTES-PATELLAInstitut Polytechnique de GrenobleFrance Aleksandar GAJICUniversity of BelgradeSerbia Arno GEHRERAndritz Hydro GrazAustria José GONZÁLEZUniversidad de OviedoSpain François GUIBAULTEcole Polytechnique de MontrealCanada Chisachi KATOUniversity of TokyoJapan Kwang-Yong KIMInha University, IncheonKorea Jiri KOUTNIKVoith Hydro Gmb H & Co. KG, HeidenheimGermany Adrian LUNGUDunarea de Jos University of GalatiRomania Christophe NICOLETPower Vision Engineering Sàrl, LausanneSwitzerland Torbjøm K. NIELSENNTNU, TrodheimNorway Michihiro NISHIKyushu Institute of TechnologyJapan Maryse PAGEHydro Quebec IREQ, VarennesCanada Etienne PARKINSONAndritz Hydro LtdSwitzerland František POCHYLYBrno UniversityCzech Republic Stefan RIEDELBAUCHVoith Hydro Gmb H & Co. KG, HeidenheimGermany Albert RUPRECHTUniversity of StuttgartGermany Michel SABOURINAlstom Hydro Canada Inc.Canada Rudolf SCHILLINGTechnische Universität MünchenGermany Qing-Hua SHIDong Fang Electrical Machinery Co.China Aleš SKOTAKCKD Blansko Engineering, a. s.Czech Republic Romeo F. SUSAN-RESIGAPolitehnica University of TimisoaraRomania Geraldo TIAGO FILHOUniversidade Federal de ItajubaBrazil Yoshinobu TSUJIMOTOOsaka UniversityJapan Bart van ESCHTechnische Universiteit EindhovenNetherland Thi C. VUAndritz Hydro Ltd, QuebecCanada Satoshi WATANABEKyushu University, FukuokaJapan Yulin WUTsinghua University, BeijingChina The reviewing process was organized in several steps. First, the 238 abstracts submitted for the symposium were reviewed, and 197 were accepted, with 30 abstracts having recommendations. Second, the authors have submitted 152 full-length papers, and each paper has been reviewed by two referees. The recommendations have been sent back to the authors, in order to prepare the final form or the paper. Third, 118 papers have been received in final form, accounting for the referees recommendations, to be included in the proceedings and to be presented at the symposium.

2010-08-01

141

An Overview and Analysis of Journal Operations, Journal Publication Patterns, and Journal Impact in School Psychology and Related Fields  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the results of three studies designed to understand better the journal operations, publishing practices, and impact of school psychology journals in recent years. The first study presents the results of a survey focusing on journal operations and peer-review practices that was completed by 61 journal editors of school…

Floyd, Randy G.; Cooley, Kathryn M.; Arnett, James E.; Fagan, Thomas K.; Mercer, Sterett H.; Hingle, Christine

2011-01-01

142

An Overview and Analysis of Journal Operations, Journal Publication Patterns, and Journal Impact in School Psychology and Related Fields  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the results of three studies designed to understand better the journal operations, publishing practices, and impact of school psychology journals in recent years. The first study presents the results of a survey focusing on journal operations and peer-review practices that was completed by 61 journal editors of school…

Floyd, Randy G.; Cooley, Kathryn M.; Arnett, James E.; Fagan, Thomas K.; Mercer, Sterett H.; Hingle, Christine

2011-01-01

143

The Great Fossil Fiasco: Teaching about Peer Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a lesson that engages middle school students in learning about peer review. Uses the article "Archaeoraptor Fossil Trail," which was published in the November, 1999 issue of "National Geographic" as an example of a real life story of how peer review forces scientists to critically re-examine a fossil discovery. (SOE)|

Gift, Nancy; Krasny, Marianne

2003-01-01

144

Improving the Peer-Review Process for Grant Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review is a gatekeeper, the final arbiter of what is valued in academia, but it has been criticized in relation to traditional psychological research criteria of reliability, validity, generalizability, and potential biases. Despite a considerable literature, there is surprisingly little sound peer-review research examining these criteria or strategies for improving the process. This article summarizes the authors' research program

Herbert W. Marsh; Upali W. Jayasinghe; Nigel W. Bond

145

Using Peer Review to Improve Student Writing in Business Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Student peer review has proven an effective technique for improving student writing in both English and business communication classes, yet the technique is not widely used in business courses other than business communication. In this article, the author discusses using student peer review in business classes to improve students' final written…

Rieber, Lloyd J.

2006-01-01

146

The Peer-Reviewing Game  

Microsoft Academic Search

We model a family of peer-reviewing processes as game- theoretic problems. The model helps to understand elements of existing peer-reviewing procedures, and to predict the im- pact of new mechanisms. The peer-reviewing for evaluation of scientific results submitted to conferences involves com- plex decision processes of independent participants. Signif- icant tax-payer money is spent by governments for the ad- vancement

M. Silaghi; M. Yokoo

147

CONTAIN independent peer review  

SciTech Connect

The CONTAIN code was developed by Sandia National Laboratories under the sponsorship of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to provide integrated analyses of containment phenomena. It is used to predict nuclear reactor containment loads, radiological source terms, and associated physical phenomena for a range of accident conditions encompassing both design-basis and severe accidents. The code`s targeted applications include support for containment-related experimental programs, light water and advanced light water reactor plant analysis, and analytical support for resolution of specific technical issues such as direct containment heating. The NRC decided that a broad technical review of the code should be performed by technical experts to determine its overall technical adequacy. For this purpose, a six-member CONTAIN Peer Review Committee was organized and a peer review as conducted. While the review was in progress, the NRC issued a draft ``Revised Severe Accident Code Strategy`` that incorporated revised design objectives and targeted applications for the CONTAIN code. The committee continued its effort to develop findings relative to the original NRC statement of design objectives and targeted applications. However, the revised CONTAIN design objectives and targeted applications. However, the revised CONTAIN design objectives and targeted applications were considered by the Committee in assigning priorities to the Committee`s recommendations. The Committee determined some improvements are warranted and provided recommendations in five code-related areas: (1) documentation, (2) user guidance, (3) modeling capability, (4) code assessment, and (5) technical assessment.

Boyack, B.E. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Corradini, M.L. [Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Nuclear Engineering Dept.; Denning, R.S. [Battelle Memorial Inst., Columbus, OH (United States); Khatib-Rahbar, M. [Energy Research Inc., Rockville, MD (United States); Loyalka, S.K. [Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States); Smith, P.N. [AEA Technology, Dorchester (United Kingdom). Winfrith Technology Center

1995-01-01

148

Antitrust and peer review.  

PubMed

An antitrust action against a physician is unlikely if the following guidelines are followed: Do not agree with competing independent doctors on any terms of price, quantity, or quality, or the patients one is willing to serve, the location from which one is permitted to draw patients, or where one will locate offices. Also, do not agree to refuse to offer services to alternate delivery systems. Generally, those who serve on peer review committees are protected if decisions are reached after effort has been made to obtain the facts of the case, after adequate notice and fair hearing procedures are afforded to the physician involved, and when the action has been warranted by the facts and is in the furtherance of health care. An attorney who specializes in antitrust should be engaged. Members of peer review committees should not be in a position to benefit from the decision. They should document all transgressions of the accused, treat the accused fairly, and give him or her the opportunity to have due process. PMID:2038721

Bettman, J W

149

Planning a peer review program.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to provide a basis for the planning and subsequent implementation of a peer review program, concomitant to exploring the perceptions of registered nurses regarding initiating a peer review program in a small midwestern hospital. The study findings indicated that registered nurses liked the peer review process, perceived peer review as helping their professional growth, and indicated a strong desire for education and in-service. Based on the study results, planning and recommendations for further implementation are discussed. PMID:1432199

Jambunathan, J

150

Against Journal Articles for Measuring Value in University Output  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The following lines of arguments against the metrics of journal articles is developed: (1) Textual output should no longer be main valued output; (2) Digitalization enables other ways of advancing knowledge; (3) Measures by journal article favours the disciplines of Natural Science and Engineering (NSE) and moulds other disciplines of Social…

Mbali, C.

2010-01-01

151

EXPERIENCES WITH PEER-REVIEW EVALUATION IN COMPUTER SCIENCE COURSES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer-review is commonly associated with the publication of research results in international conference proceedings and journals. Variations on peer-review are also a fairly well-established means of evaluation in humanitarian and arts oriented educational programs where there is a stronger emphasis on written assignments and socio-cultural learning than is the case in typical engineering programmes loyal to the behaviouristic teaching model.

Burgess Mark; Frode Eika Sandnes

152

From Conference to Journal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Revising and extending conference articles for journal publication benefits both authors and readers. The new articles are more complete, and benefit from peer review, feedback from conference presentation, and greater editorial consistency. For those articles that are appropriate, we encourage authors to do this, and present two examples of such…

McCartney, Robert; Tenenberg, Josh

2008-01-01

153

Rebound peer review: a viable recourse for aggrieved authors?  

PubMed

Scholarly peer review represents the linchpin of academic publishing. Recognized benefits of the peer review system are manifold. Critics raise several valid concerns that deserve attention. Several studies show that the current peer review system lacks robustness and is subject to bias in favor of well-established research groups and "mainstream" theories. Hypotheses that harmonize with that of the leaders in the field are more likely to be accepted for publication in prestigious journals than heretic or radical ones. Then, there is the risk posed by the potentially unscrupulous reviewer. Alternatives to traditional peer review have been tried but the outcomes fall much short of expectations. Postreview rejection can be equally frustrating for the author and editor particularly when they are victims of limitations of the blinded forms of review. To provide recourse for authors who felt that their work has been rejected not because of the quality of science but because of the constraints of the peer review system, ARS introduces a rebound track for peer review ( www.liebertpub.com/ars ). The rebound peer review track is a two-tier process that represents a hybrid of partially blinded and open peer review systems. The goal is to make sure that every author has the opportunity to rescue their rejected work which they feel may have been victimized by the glitches of the current peer review system. I invite affected authors to make full use of this experimental mechanism so we know whether the rebound peer review should prevail as a viable recourse. PMID:22098370

Sen, Chandan K

2011-12-07

154

Journal Article Citation Classics in School Psychology: Analysis of the Most Cited Articles in Five School Psychology Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to identify and examine the top 100 most highly cited articles of all time as well as the 25 most highly cited articles of the last decade from within 5 school psychology journals: "Journal of School Psychology," "Psychology in the Schools," "School Psychology International," "School Psychology Quarterly," and "School…

Price, Katherine W.; Floyd, Randy G.; Fagan, Thomas K.; Smithson, Kelly

2011-01-01

155

Journal Article Citation Classics in School Psychology: Analysis of the Most Cited Articles in Five School Psychology Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to identify and examine the top 100 most highly cited articles of all time as well as the 25 most highly cited articles of the last decade from within 5 school psychology journals: "Journal of School Psychology," "Psychology in the Schools," "School Psychology International," "School Psychology Quarterly," and…

Price, Katherine W.; Floyd, Randy G.; Fagan, Thomas K.; Smithson, Kelly

2011-01-01

156

Student peer review decisions on submitted manuscripts are as stringent as faculty peer reviewers.  

PubMed

The International Journal of Exercise Science is the only student-centered peer-reviewed journal in its field. Upon graduate student first author submissions, two student reviewers and one faculty reviewer are asked to review. On professionally submitted papers, two faculty peers are asked to assess the manuscript. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether graduate students returned similar decisions compared with faculty reviewers who evaluated the same manuscript. In addition, decisions of faculty peers reviewing graduate student- versus faculty-submitted manuscripts were compared. Mean comparisons between groups were evaluated using independent t-tests with significance at P ? 0.05. Graduate students (2.21 ± 0.69) and faculty peers (2.24 ± 0.66) returned similar decisions on student-submitted manuscripts (P = 0.84). Faculty decisions on manuscripts submitted by a professional primary author (1.86 ± 0.77) were not different compared with faculty peers reviewing student manuscripts (P = 0.06). Statistics revealed that graduate students are just as stringent in the peer review process as established reviewers. Additionally, faculty reviewers evaluated manuscripts equally regardless of submission type. PMID:21098383

Navalta, James W; Lyons, T Scott

2010-12-01

157

The Potential of Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review of teachers is controversial for several reasons. Some say peer reviewers encroach on the rightful domain of the principal as instructional leader. Others argue that, because peer evaluators are fellow teachers, they may be biased or unwilling to make hard decisions. Many teachers find the prospect of peer evaluation unsettling because…

Johnson, Susan Moore; Fiarman, Sarah E.

2012-01-01

158

The Potential of Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Peer review of teachers is controversial for several reasons. Some say peer reviewers encroach on the rightful domain of the principal as instructional leader. Others argue that, because peer evaluators are fellow teachers, they may be biased or unwilling to make hard decisions. Many teachers find the prospect of peer evaluation unsettling…

Johnson, Susan Moore; Fiarman, Sarah E.

2012-01-01

159

The purpose of peer review in the case of an open-access publication  

Microsoft Academic Search

First scientific journals were simply a way of informing colleagues about new research findings. In due course, they started filtering out unreasonable claims, and introduced a peer-review system. The purpose of peer reviewing changed with time. Since the middle of the past century, commercial publishers have owned a large number of scientific journals and as a result, the marketable value

Georgii A Alexandrov

2006-01-01

160

The Potential of Dual-Language Cross-Cultural Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the potential of dual-language cross-cultural peer review and how it improves on traditional monolingual and monocultural peer review. Drawing on scholarship related to international exchange programmes, peer review, and two-way immersion programmes in the United States as well as data collected while facilitating the…

Ruecker, Todd

2011-01-01

161

The Potential of Dual-Language Cross-Cultural Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores the potential of dual-language cross-cultural peer review and how it improves on traditional monolingual and monocultural peer review. Drawing on scholarship related to international exchange programmes, peer review, and two-way immersion programmes in the United States as well as data collected while facilitating the…

Ruecker, Todd

2011-01-01

162

Journal article citation classics in school psychology: analysis of the most cited articles in five school psychology journals.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to identify and examine the top 100 most highly cited articles of all time as well as the 25 most highly cited articles of the last decade from within 5 school psychology journals: Journal of School Psychology, Psychology in the Schools, School Psychology International, School Psychology Quarterly, and School Psychology Review. The Institute for Scientific Information Web of Science database was utilized to identify citation counts for each article appearing in these journals. Coding schemes were used to identify article type and content area. The top 10 most highly cited articles of all time as well as the top 10 most highly cited articles of the past decade are detailed, and general patterns found across these articles are discussed. Implications for reviewing manuscripts that are likely to become highly cited articles and for authoring a highly cited article are offered. PMID:22272791

Price, Katherine W; Floyd, Randy G; Fagan, Thomas K; Smithson, Kelly

2011-11-16

163

Science, Policy, and Peer Review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

These are intense times at the convergence between science and public policy. Because issues like climate change, stem cell research and environmental protection are being contested in choppy political water, political interests are being deployed to challenge science and researchers, and also to generate pseudo- scientific claims made in the interest of particular policy ends. In a number of cases reported in Science, administration officials have silenced their own employees, or withheld data selectively from draft reports. Added to that challenge to integrity, there is a new statutory environment that adds some complexity of its own. Beginning with the Data Quality Act, more familiarly the "Shelby Amendment," research results with significant economic impacts through regulation are now available through the Freedom of Information Act. Its successor, the Data Quality Act -- which opens a route of challenge to information released by government or gathered by others and used in advice or regulation has exposed scientists not only to having their primary data reanalyzed for the purposes of others, but to charges of research misconduct. These influences have made journal peer review more challenging in several ways, and I will outline some case examples.

Kennedy, D.

2006-12-01

164

Cooperation between referees and authors increases peer review accuracy.  

PubMed

Peer review is fundamentally a cooperative process between scientists in a community who agree to review each other's work in an unbiased fashion. Peer review is the foundation for decisions concerning publication in journals, awarding of grants, and academic promotion. Here we perform a laboratory study of open and closed peer review based on an online game. We show that when reviewer behavior was made public under open review, reviewers were rewarded for refereeing and formed significantly more cooperative interactions (13% increase in cooperation, P?=?0.018). We also show that referees and authors who participated in cooperative interactions had an 11% higher reviewing accuracy rate (P?=?0.016). Our results suggest that increasing cooperation in the peer review process can lead to a decreased risk of reviewing errors. PMID:22096506

Leek, Jeffrey T; Taub, Margaret A; Pineda, Fernando J

2011-11-09

165

ADHD Drugs – New England Journal of Medicine Article  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... ADHD Drugs – New England Journal of Medicine Article. William O. Cooper, MD, MPH, Laurel A. Habel, Ph.D., Colin M ... More results from www.fda.gov/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials/pediatricadvisorycommittee

166

Pages removed for the following reason: Journal articles are ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text VersionPage 1. Pages removed for the following reason: Journal articles are not releasable due to copywrited material. More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

167

1994 Bibliography of NRL Journal Articles and Conference Papers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication is a listing of journal articles and conference papers by Naval Research Laboratory authors for 1994. The bibliographic information is taken, primarily, from the Institute of Scientific Information database, Science Citation Index Expande...

A. B. Cox W. F. Rettenmaier

2000-01-01

168

Using Journal Articles in an Environmental Biology Course  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article discusses how to use team learning and the interrupted journal case method to promote content, process, and application learning in an environmental biology course. It presents a sample case study on wetland delineation and describes strategi

Camill, Phil

2000-09-01

169

Journal of Ground Water  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Ground Water is a leading technical publication strictly for ground water hydrogeologists. Each issue of the journal contains peer-reviewed scientific articles on pertinent ground water subjects. Non-members can read abstracts, book reviews and software spotlight columns. Members of the National Ground Water Association can view complete articles online.

Association, National G.

170

Developing a Conceptual Article for Publication in Counseling Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article seeks to help authors better understand the purpose, process, and procedures for developing a conceptual manuscript for publication in counseling journals. The author explains the basis of a conceptual article, discusses how authors may generate ideas for writing such articles, and describes a process for developing a conceptual…

Watts, Richard E.

2011-01-01

171

Developing a Conceptual Article for Publication in Counseling Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article seeks to help authors better understand the purpose, process, and procedures for developing a conceptual manuscript for publication in counseling journals. The author explains the basis of a conceptual article, discusses how authors may generate ideas for writing such articles, and describes a process for developing a conceptual…

Watts, Richard E.

2011-01-01

172

Reprint of "Citation analysis as a measure of article quality, journal influence and individual researcher performance".  

PubMed

The research-related performance of universities, as well as that of individual researchers, is increasingly evaluated through the use of objective measures, or metrics, which seek to support or in some cases even replace more traditional methods of peer review. In particular there is a growing awareness in research communities, government organisations and funding bodies around the concept of using evaluation metrics to analyse research citations. The tools available for 'citation analysis' are many and varied, enabling a quantification of scientific quality, academic impact and prestige. However there is increasing concern regarding the potential misuse of such tools, which have limitations in certain research disciplines.This article uses 'real world' examples from radiography research and scholarship to illustrate the range of currently available citation analysis tools. It explores the academic debate surrounding their strengths and limitations, and identifies the potential impact of citation analysis on the radiography research community.The article concludes that citation analysis is a valuable tool for researchers to use for personal reflection and research planning, yet there are inherent dangers if it is used inappropriately. Whilst citation analysis can give objective information regarding an individual, research group, journal or higher education institution, it should not be used as a total substitute for traditional qualitative review and peer assessment. PMID:23566748

Nightingale, Julie M; Marshall, Gill

2013-04-06

173

The Ethics of Peer Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the need for a self-audit of the academic profession's ethics and peer culture, including clarifying the responsibilities of the profession and articulating the first principles of peer review. (EV)

Hamilton, Neil W.

2003-01-01

174

Virtual slides in peer reviewed, open access medical publication  

PubMed Central

Background Application of virtual slides (VS), the digitalization of complete glass slides, is in its infancy to be implemented in routine diagnostic surgical pathology and to issues that are related to tissue-based diagnosis, such as education and scientific publication. Approach Electronic publication in Pathology offers new features of scientific communication in pathology that cannot be obtained by conventional paper based journals. Most of these features are based upon completely open or partly directed interaction between the reader and the system that distributes the article. One of these interactions can be applied to microscopic images allowing the reader to navigate and magnify the presented images. VS and interactive Virtual Microscopy (VM) are a tool to increase the scientific value of microscopic images. Technology and Performance The open access journal Diagnostic Pathology http://www.diagnosticpathology.org has existed for about five years. It is a peer reviewed journal that publishes all types of scientific contributions, including original scientific work, case reports and review articles. In addition to digitized still images the authors of appropriate articles are requested to submit the underlying glass slides to an institution (DiagnomX.eu, and Leica.com) for digitalization and documentation. The images are stored in a separate image data bank which is adequately linked to the article. The normal review process is not involved. Both processes (peer review and VS acquisition) are performed contemporaneously in order to minimize a potential publication delay. VS are not provided with a DOI index (digital object identifier). The first articles that include VS were published in March 2011. Results and Perspectives Several logistic constraints had to be overcome until the first articles including VS could be published. Step by step an automated acquisition and distribution system had to be implemented to the corresponding article. The acceptance of VS by the reader is high as well as by the authors. Of specific value are the increased confidence to and reputation of authors as well as the presented information to the reader. Additional associated functions such as access to author-owned related image collections, reader-controlled automated image measurements and image transformations are in preparation. Virtual Slides The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1232133347629819.

2011-01-01

175

International Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching & Learning is an open, peer-reviewed, international electronic journal published twice a year by the Center for Excellence in Teaching at Georgia Southern University to be an international vehicle for articles, essays, and discussions about the scholarship of teaching and learning (SoTL) and its applications in higher/tertiary education today. All submissions undergo a double-blind peer-review process.

2010-08-09

176

Procedural Control of the Bureaucracy, Peer Review, and Epistemic Drift  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regulatory peer review—in which independent scientists comment on the technical underpinnings of proposed regulations—is a recently pursued form of political control of the bureaucracy. This article situates regulatory peer review in the context of both the history of technical advice to government and the principal-agent perspective often used to explain the presence of administrative procedures. Much of the academic discussion

Stuart Shapiro; David Guston

2007-01-01

177

Art of reading a journal article: Methodically and effectively  

PubMed Central

Background: Reading scientific literature is mandatory for researchers and clinicians. With an overflow of medical and dental journals, it is essential to develop a method to choose and read the right articles. Objective: To outline a logical and orderly approach to reading a scientific manuscript. By breaking down the task into smaller, step-by-step components, one should be able to attain the skills to read a scientific article with ease. Methods: The reader should begin by reading the title, abstract and conclusions first. If a decision is made to read the entire article, the key elements of the article can be perused in a systematic manner effectively and efficiently. A cogent and organized method is presented to read articles published in scientific journals. Conclusion: One can read and appreciate a scientific manuscript if a systematic approach is followed in a simple and logical manner.

Subramanyam, RV

2013-01-01

178

[From the Cochrane Library: the use of peer review is still under discussion].  

PubMed

Peer review is generally considered to be an invaluable part of the editorial process of biomedical journals. It is widely assumed that peer review has positive effects on the quality of submitted papers and of biomedical research. This is why improvements in peer reviewing have been studied for some years. According to the authors of a recent Cochrane methodology review, peer review does improve the quality of papers, but there is insufficient evidence that it also improves the quality of biomedical research. A major study on this subject is called for, since its results could have implications for patient care and scientific research. PMID:18561790

Stijntjes, F; Veeken, H

2008-04-19

179

An Exploratory Investigation of Frequently Cited Articles from the Early Childhood Intervention Literature, 1994 to 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors explored frequently cited articles across four peer-reviewed journals in early intervention (EI) and early childhood special education (ECSE). The Social Sciences Citation Index was used to examine journal articles from 1994 to 2005 in "Early Childhood Research Quarterly, Infants and Young Children," the "Journal of Early…

Pool, Juli Lull; Macy, Marisa; McManus, Suzanne Bells; Noh, Jina

2008-01-01

180

An Exploratory Investigation of Frequently Cited Articles from the Early Childhood Intervention Literature, 1994 to 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors explored frequently cited articles across four peer-reviewed journals in early intervention (EI) and early childhood special education (ECSE). The Social Sciences Citation Index was used to examine journal articles from 1994 to 2005 in "Early Childhood Research Quarterly, Infants and Young Children," the "Journal of Early…

Pool, Juli Lull; Macy, Marisa; McManus, Suzanne Bells; Noh, Jina

2008-01-01

181

Publishing in Discipline-Specific Open Access Journals: Opportunities and Outreach for Librarians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Open access (OA) journals promote the opportunity for peer-reviewed journal articles to be freely accessible. In recent years, the number of OA journals has exploded in all disciplines. Previous studies have identified print-based pedagogical discipline-specific journals outside the field of Library and Information Science (LIS) for librarians to…

Tomaszewski, Robert; Poulin, Sonia; MacDonald, Karen I.

2013-01-01

182

Publishing in Discipline-Specific Open Access Journals: Opportunities and Outreach for Librarians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Open access (OA) journals promote the opportunity for peer-reviewed journal articles to be freely accessible. In recent years, the number of OA journals has exploded in all disciplines. Previous studies have identified print-based pedagogical discipline-specific journals outside the field of Library and Information Science (LIS) for librarians to…

Tomaszewski, Robert; Poulin, Sonia; MacDonald, Karen I.

2013-01-01

183

Quantitative Articles: Developing Studies for Publication in Counseling Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article is presented as a guide for developing quantitative studies and preparing quantitative manuscripts for publication in counseling journals. It is intended as an aid for aspiring authors in conceptualizing studies and formulating valid research designs. Material is presented on choosing variables and measures and on selecting…

Trusty, Jerry

2011-01-01

184

Quantitative Articles: Developing Studies for Publication in Counseling Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is presented as a guide for developing quantitative studies and preparing quantitative manuscripts for publication in counseling journals. It is intended as an aid for aspiring authors in conceptualizing studies and formulating valid research designs. Material is presented on choosing variables and measures and on selecting…

Trusty, Jerry

2011-01-01

185

Head of Human Genome Project Retracts 5 Journal Articles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Five published leukemia studies have been retracted by the director of the Human Genome Project because they were based on falsified data from a graduate student, although some of the conclusions are still supported. Inconsistencies were discovered by a peer reviewer and were also found in the student's other work. (MSE)|

Haworth, Karla

1996-01-01

186

From Qualitative Dissertation to Quality Articles: Seven Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New scholars frequently face an immense challenge in writing papers for publication. Qualitative research novices, in particular, experience frustration in getting peer-reviewed papers published in top-tier journals. This article is a primer on converting a dissertation based on qualitative research into a journal article. It summarizes seven…

Bowen, Glenn A.

2010-01-01

187

A quick guide to writing a solid peer review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientific integrity and consensus rely on the peer review process, a defining feature of scientific discourse that subjects the literature forming the foundation of credible knowledge in a scientific field to rigorous scrutiny. However, there is surprisingly little training in graduate school on how to develop this essential skill [Zimmerman et al., 2011] or discussion of best practices to ensure that reviewers at all levels efficiently provide the most useful review. Even more challenging for the novice peer reviewer is that journals also vary widely in their review guidelines. Nonetheless, the goals of peer review are crystal clear: to ensure the accuracy and improve the quality of published literature through constructive criticism. To make the peer review process as efficient and productive as possible, you may want to consider a few useful approaches to tackling major steps throughout your review, from contemplating a review request and reading and assessing the manuscript to writing the review and interacting with the journal's editors (see Figure 1). These tips are particularly relevant for graduate students or other first-time reviewers, but they may also be useful to experienced reviewers and to journal editors seeking to enhance their publication's processes.

Nicholas, Kimberly A.; Gordon, Wendy S.

2011-07-01

188

Peer review, politics and pluralism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first part of this paper describes the editorial decisions that led to the publishing of The Skeptical Environmentalist (TSE) and the rejection of requests by critics that Cambridge should cease publication on the grounds of claims that it had not been peer-reviewed and that it would be abused by right wing political interests seeking justification for opposing new environmental

Chris Harrison

2004-01-01

189

The Dedisciplining of Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The demand for greater public accountability is changing the nature of ex ante peer review at public science agencies worldwide. Based on a four year research project, this essay examines these changes through an analysis of the process of grant proposal review at two US public science agencies, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the…

Frodeman, Robert; Briggle, Adam

2012-01-01

190

The Dedisciplining of Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The demand for greater public accountability is changing the nature of ex ante peer review at public science agencies worldwide. Based on a four year research project, this essay examines these changes through an analysis of the process of grant proposal review at two US public science agencies, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the…

Frodeman, Robert; Briggle, Adam

2012-01-01

191

Nurse editors' views on the peer review process.  

PubMed

A growing body of research challenges the inter-rater reliability of peer reviewers and the value of reviewer training or blinding in improving the quality of manuscript reviews, but double-blinded peer review of papers remains a relatively unexamined standard for nursing journals. Using data from a larger emailed survey, the views of 88 nurse editors on peer review were analyzed using content analysis. The majority of nurse editors reported that blinding was important in peer review, to maintain objectivity and avoid negative personal or professional consequences. The minority who saw potential benefits of open review valued increased transparency in the reviewing and editorial decision-making process. An excellent review was viewed as containing specific instructions on how the deficits in a manuscript might be remedied. Common weaknesses of reviews were lack of specificity and inappropriate focus. Virtually all editors provided some form of preparation or guidance to reviewers. Peer review has an impact on nurses' workload and careers, and training in writing and critique should be included in nursing education. PMID:16287058

Kearney, Margaret H; Freda, Margaret Comerford

2005-12-01

192

Bibliography of Journal Articles in Social Psychology: First Half of 1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present bibliography updates three previous manuscripts which Hendrick helped develop. Articles from five journals are arranged alphabetically by heading and by author under 31 subject headings. The journals are Journal for the Theory of Social Behavior, Journal of Applied Social Psychology, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Journal

Capasso, Deborah R.; Hendrick, Clyde

193

Toward an interactive article: integrating journals and biological databases  

PubMed Central

Background Journal articles and databases are two major modes of communication in the biological sciences, and thus integrating these critical resources is of urgent importance to increase the pace of discovery. Projects focused on bridging the gap between journals and databases have been on the rise over the last five years and have resulted in the development of automated tools that can recognize entities within a document and link those entities to a relevant database. Unfortunately, automated tools cannot resolve ambiguities that arise from one term being used to signify entities that are quite distinct from one another. Instead, resolving these ambiguities requires some manual oversight. Finding the right balance between the speed and portability of automation and the accuracy and flexibility of manual effort is a crucial goal to making text markup a successful venture. Results We have established a journal article mark-up pipeline that links GENETICS journal articles and the model organism database (MOD) WormBase. This pipeline uses a lexicon built with entities from the database as a first step. The entity markup pipeline results in links from over nine classes of objects including genes, proteins, alleles, phenotypes and anatomical terms. New entities and ambiguities are discovered and resolved by a database curator through a manual quality control (QC) step, along with help from authors via a web form that is provided to them by the journal. New entities discovered through this pipeline are immediately sent to an appropriate curator at the database. Ambiguous entities that do not automatically resolve to one link are resolved by hand ensuring an accurate link. This pipeline has been extended to other databases, namely Saccharomyces Genome Database (SGD) and FlyBase, and has been implemented in marking up a paper with links to multiple databases. Conclusions Our semi-automated pipeline hyperlinks articles published in GENETICS to model organism databases such as WormBase. Our pipeline results in interactive articles that are data rich with high accuracy. The use of a manual quality control step sets this pipeline apart from other hyperlinking tools and results in benefits to authors, journals, readers and databases.

2011-01-01

194

The principles and practices of peer review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The principles and practices of research peer review are described. While the principles are fundamentally generic and apply\\u000a to peer review across the full spectrum of performing institutions as well as to manuscript\\/proposal\\/program peer review,\\u000a the focus of this paper is peer review of proposed and ongoing programs in federal agencies. The paper describes desireable\\u000a characteristics and important intangible factors

Ronald N. Kostoff

1997-01-01

195

48 CFR 215.270 - Peer Reviews.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Peer Reviews. 215.270 Section 215.270 Federal...Proposals and Information 215.270 Peer Reviews. Agency officials shall conduct Peer Reviews in accordance with 201.170. [74...

2012-10-01

196

Peer Review: a Precursor to Peer Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a two?year observation of peer review among first year undergraduates at Loughborough University of Technology. Peer review focuses on the learning benefits of small group work and the development of critical skills among students as a precursor to peer assessment of tutorial contributions. The paper outlines the methodology, design and pitfalls of the peer review process and

Keith Pond; Winnie Wade

1995-01-01

197

Science Policy Council Handbook: Peer Review.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

EPA's Science Policy Council (SPC) has organized this Peer Review Handbook as guidance to EPA staff and managers on the organization and conduct of peer review pursuant to the Administrator's June 7, 1994 Peer Review Policy statement. The goal of the Peer...

K. L. Dearfield A. R. Flaak

1998-01-01

198

The student view on online peer reviews  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review is used as an effective quality assurance measure in many contexts, including science, business, programming or education. In education, several studies confirmed the positive effects of peer reviewing on student learning. Based on recent research concerning the role of media in the peer review process this study investigates how students perceive the process, content and effects of peer

Christine Bauer; Kathrin Figl; Michael Derntl; Peter Paul Beran; Sonja Kabicher

2009-01-01

199

Lightweight preliminary peer review: does in-class peer review make sense?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review is widely recognized for advancing student learning, in particular for developing reflective processes like critical think- ing. The classroom is ripe for peer review because the subject matter is fresh and in-depth interactivity is possible. Yet the lim- ited time available in class conflicts with peer review's delib- erative nature. We hypothesize that peer review - at least

Tamara Denning; Michael Kelly; David Lindquist; Roshni Malani; William G. Griswold; Beth Simon

2007-01-01

200

Lightweight preliminary peer review: does in-class peer review make sense?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review is widely recognized for advancing student learning, in particular for developing reflective processes like critical thinking. The classroom is ripe for peer review because the subject matter is fresh and in-depth interactivity is possible. Yet the limited time available in class conflicts with peer review's deliberative nature. We hypothesize that peer review -- at least the initial stages

Tamara Denning; Michael Kelly; David Lindquist; Roshni Malani; William G. Griswold; Beth Simon

2007-01-01

201

28 CFR 34.105 - Peer review methods.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Peer review methods. 34.105 Section 34.105 Judicial...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.105 Peer review methods. (a)...

2013-07-01

202

Peer review: a secret affair?  

PubMed

Recent statutes and judicial decisions rendering the records and documents of quality assurance committees not subject to discovery and/or inadmissible in evidence are tactically ill advised, probably unconstitutional, and clearly self-defeating. A better alternative would be to allow access to the documents and information to all parties with a legitimate interest and to grant physicians immunity from tort liability for actions performed in good faith during the peer review process. PMID:10307158

Dunn, L J

1978-04-01

203

The "Peer" in "Peer Review"  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Peer review is the best available mechanism for assessing and improving the quality of scientific work. As herpetology broadens its disciplinary and geographic boundaries, high-quality external review is ever more essential. We are writing this editorial jointly because the review process has become increasingly difficult. The resulting delays slow publication times, negatively affect performance reviews, tenure, promotions, and grant proposal success. It harms authors, agencies, and institutions (Ware 2011).

Perry, Gad; Bertoluci, Jaime; Bury, Bruce; Hansen, Robert W.; Jehle, Robert; Measey, John; Moon, Brad R.; Muths, Erin; Zuffi, Marco A. L.

2011-01-01

204

Personalizing retrieval of journal articles for patient care.  

PubMed Central

We present a system for patient-specific searches on a database of medical journal articles which uses natural language techniques to match search results against patient records. We performed an information retrieval experiment comparing the performance of this system to two strategies, one of which uses extensive medical knowledge, while the other uses the same patient information our system has. The results show that our system is useful in improving recall over the strategy simulating a human specialist, and clearly outperforms the strategy of using the patient record content without intelligent processing.

Teufel, S.; Hatzivassiloglou, V.; Teufel, S.; McKeown, K. R.; Jordan, D. A.; Dunn, K. M.; Sigelman, S.; Kushniruk, A.

2001-01-01

205

New Journal of Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute of Physics & Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft will begin an all-electronic and peer-reviewed journal in physics later this year. New Journal of Physics will include full-length research articles pertaining to both pure and applied physics, theory and experiment, and interdisciplinary topics. It strives to be a scholarly journal of "rigorously refereed" papers and aims to publish data and results that use the features of the electronic medium. The journal's website provides a listing of receiving editors as well as guide for authors. Detailed instructions on how to submit papers are available at the site.

2005-11-14

206

New Journal of Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute of Physics & Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft will begin an all-electronic and peer-reviewed journal in physics later this year. New Journal of Physics will include full-length research articles pertaining to both pure and applied physics, theory and experiment, and interdisciplinary topics. It strives to be a scholarly journal of "rigorously refereed" papers and aims to publish data and results that use the features of the electronic medium. The journal's website provides a listing of receiving editors as well as guide for authors. Detailed instructions on how to submit papers are available at the site.

207

Sealed source peer review plan  

SciTech Connect

Sealed sources are known quantities of radioactive materials that have been encapsulated in quantities that produce known radiation fields. Sealed sources have multiple uses ranging from instrument calibration sources to sources that produce radiation fields for experimental applications. The Off-Site Source Recovery (OSR) Project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), created in 1999, under the direction of the Waste Management Division of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Albuquerque has been assigned the responsibility to recover and manage excess and unwanted radioactive sealed sources from the public and private sector. LANL intends to ship drums containing qualified sealed sources to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) for disposal. Prior to shipping, these drums must be characterized with respect to radiological content and other parameters. The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires that ten radionulcides be quantified and reported for every container of waste to be disposed in the WIPP. The methods traditionally approved by the EPA include non-destructive assay (NDA) in accordance with Appendix A of the Contact-Handled Transuranic Waste Acceptance Criteria for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (DOE, 2002) (CH WAC). However, because of the nature and pedigree of historical records for sealed sources and the technical infeasibility of performing NDA on these sources, LANL proposes to characterize the content of these waste drums using qualified existing radiological data in lieu of direct measurement. This plan describes the process and documentation requirements for the use of the peer review process to qualify existing data for sealed radiological sources in lieu of perfonning radioassay. The peer review process will be performed in accordance with criteria provided in 40 CFR {section} 194.22 which specifies the use of the NUREG 1297 guidelines. The plan defines the management approach, resources, schedule, and technical requirements for the subject peer review.

Feldman, Alexander [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Leonard, Lee [RETIRED; Burns, Ron [CONTRACTOR

2009-01-01

208

PUBLISHER'S ANNOUNCEMENT: Notice of changes to peer-review policy in Superconductor Science and Technology Notice of changes to peer-review policy in Superconductor Science and Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the past few months, there have been a number of significant changes to the editorial peer-review system for Superconductor Science and Technology (SUST) and I would like to take this opportunity to clarify them. All regular papers submitted to the journal will now be reviewed by at least two independent anonymous referees. In the past, we have sought only one report before consulting with the Editor-in-Chief. This change is being introduced to bring SUST into line with the standard practices of IOP Publishing journals. We have now also reviewed the procedure for handling rapid communications. Rapid communications are short papers describing work that can be considered as being a major breakthrough or having major significance within the field. As such these articles are fast-tracked through our production process post-acceptance. All authors of rapid communications must now submit a letter of justification with their article explaining why their manuscript requires urgent attention. In addition, rapid communications will now be pre-reviewed by our Rapid Communications and Reviews Editor, who will make an editorial judgement as to whether it should be considered as a rapid communication or as a regular paper. We will still seek two reports from independent referees for all rapid communications. We believe that these new procedures will help us to increase the overall quality of what is already a recognized high-impact journal for the superconductivity community. We will be making further changes to the peer-review system over the coming months and I will write to you again when they are ready to be implemented. If you have any suggestions or queries, please do not hesitate to contact us at sust@iop.org.

Miller, Tom

2009-01-01

209

Multi-Stage Open Peer Review: Scientific Evaluation Integrating the Strengths of Traditional Peer Review with the Virtues of Transparency and Self-Regulation  

PubMed Central

The traditional forms of scientific publishing and peer review do not live up to all demands of efficient communication and quality assurance in today’s highly diverse and rapidly evolving world of science. They need to be advanced and complemented by interactive and transparent forms of review, publication, and discussion that are open to the scientific community and to the public. The advantages of open access, public peer review, and interactive discussion can be efficiently and flexibly combined with the strengths of traditional scientific peer review. Since 2001 the benefits and viability of this approach are clearly demonstrated by the highly successful interactive open access journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP, www.atmos-chem-phys.net) and a growing number of sister journals launched and operated by the European Geosciences Union (EGU, www.egu.eu) and the open access publisher Copernicus (www.copernicus.org). The interactive open access journals are practicing an integrative multi-stage process of publication and peer review combined with interactive public discussion, which effectively resolves the dilemma between rapid scientific exchange and thorough quality assurance. Key features and achievements of this approach are: top quality and impact, efficient self-regulation and low rejection rates, high attractivity and rapid growth, low costs, and financial sustainability. In fact, ACP and the EGU interactive open access sister journals are by most if not all standards more successful than comparable scientific journals with traditional or alternative forms of peer review (editorial statistics, publication statistics, citation statistics, economic costs, and sustainability). The high efficiency and predictive validity of multi-stage open peer review have been confirmed in a series of dedicated studies by evaluation experts from the social sciences, and the same or similar concepts have recently also been adopted in other disciplines, including the life sciences and economics. Multi-stage open peer review can be flexibly adjusted to the needs and peculiarities of different scientific communities. Due to the flexibility and compatibility with traditional structures of scientific publishing and peer review, the multi-stage open peer review concept enables efficient evolution in scientific communication and quality assurance. It has the potential for swift replacement of hidden peer review as the standard of scientific quality assurance, and it provides a basis for open evaluation in science.

Poschl, Ulrich

2012-01-01

210

Nurse practitioner/physician collaborative practice: an integrative model for professional peer review.  

PubMed

As chief nursing officers partner with physician colleagues to create collaborative models of practice across the care continuum, the role of peer review in achieving quality outcomes cannot be overlooked. This article describes how an integrated healthcare system approached the creation of a unique integrative model for physician/nurse practitioner peer review. PMID:23708497

Clavelle, Joanne T; Bramwell, Kenneth

2013-06-01

211

Comparing Peer Review and Self-Review as Ways to Improve College Students' Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effect of three approaches to revision instruction on 61 college students' revision behavior and writing quality was investigated for this article. Students wrote three 5-page papers and received one of three instructional approaches: Formal Peer Review (n = 19), Formal Self-Review (n = 20), or No Formal Review (n = 22). Formal Peer Review

Covill, Amy E.

2010-01-01

212

Clinical Peer Review: Description of a Comprehensive Model in Behavioral Healthcare  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a comprehensive model of clinical peer review that was established at a large behavioral healthcare organization serving children, adolescents, and adults with developmental disabilities. The purpose of peer review is to provide routine evaluation of practice standards that will produce the highest quality of habilitative…

Luiselli, James K.; Russo, Dennis C.

2005-01-01

213

Improving the Peer-Review Process for Grant Applications: Reliability, Validity, Bias, and Generalizability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review is a gatekeeper, the final arbiter of what is valued in academia, but it has been criticized in relation to traditional psychological research criteria of reliability, validity, generalizability, and potential biases. Despite a considerable literature, there is surprisingly little sound peer-review research examining these criteria or strategies for improving the process. This article summarizes the authors' research program

Herbert W. Marsh; Upali W. Jayasinghe; Nigel W. Bond

2008-01-01

214

Comparing Peer Review and Self-Review as Ways to Improve College Students' Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The effect of three approaches to revision instruction on 61 college students' revision behavior and writing quality was investigated for this article. Students wrote three 5-page papers and received one of three instructional approaches: Formal Peer Review (n = 19), Formal Self-Review (n = 20), or No Formal Review (n = 22). Formal Peer Review

Covill, Amy E.

2010-01-01

215

Electronic Journal of Qualitative Theory of Differential Equations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by the Bolyai Institute at the University of Szeged, the "Electronic Journal of Qualitative Theory of Differential Equations" publishes peer-reviewed articles related to "the qualitative theory (stability, periodicity, soundness, etc.) of differential equations (ODE's, PDE's, integral equations, functional differential equations, etc.) and their applications." Proceedings of conferences are also available in the journal.

Burton, T. A. (Theodore Allen), 1935-; Hatvani, L.; Makay, G.; Vajda, R.

2009-03-26

216

The Effects of Peer Review and Evidence Quality on Judge Evaluations of Psychological Science: Are Judges Effective Gatekeepers?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientifically trained and untrained judges read descriptions of an expert’s research in which the peer review status and internal validity were manipulated. Seventeen percent of the judges said they would admit the expert evidence, irrespective of its internal validity. Publication in a peer-reviewed journal also had no effect on judges’ decisions. Training interacted with the internal validity manipulation. Scientifically trained

Margaret Bull Kovera; Bradley D. McAuliff

2000-01-01

217

Are guidelines for peer-reviewing economic evaluations necessary? A survey of current editorial practice.  

PubMed

We report the results of a postal survey of 150 editors of medical journals aimed at assessing editorial policy on peer-review of economic studies. 70 editors (47%) responded to the anonymous questionnaire which contained six questions. 16 (23% or respondents) claimed to have an editorial policy, most claiming acceptance of 'good evaluations'. Few (36%) had trained economists as referees and none had criteria or guidelines for peer-reviewing economic studies. This situation helps to explain the variable quality of international economic literature. There is an urgent need to produce internationally accepted sets of guidelines for authors, editors and peer-reviewers. PMID:8563836

Jefferson, T; Demicheli, V

218

FLUE GAS DESULFURIZATION: THE STATE OF THE ART: JOURNAL ARTICLE  

EPA Science Inventory

Srivastava*, R.K., and Jozewicz, W. Flue Gas Desulfurization: The State of the Art. Journal of Air and Waste Management Association (Air & Waste Management Asiciation) 51 (12):1676-88 (2001). EPA/600/J-01/391, Available: Journal of Air and Waste Management Association (journal)...

219

Journal of Evolution and Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Journal of Evolution and Technology (JET) is "a peer-reviewed electronic journal publishing contemporary research into future science and philosophy." It deals with somewhat edgy topics that are often avoided by mainstream journals. For example, a common theme is the relationship between the human brain and computers, questioning their respective computational capacity and evolution. Despite the unusual focus of the journal, its articles are contributed by reputable sources such as university faculty or members of research institutions. New issues are published as articles are accepted, and hence there are no set release dates.

2008-04-02

220

Peer review in CS2: conceptual learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In computer science, students could benefit from exposure to critical programming concepts from multiple perspectives. Peer review is one method to allow students to experience authentic uses of the concepts in a non-programming manner. In this work, we examine the use of the peer review process in early, object-oriented, computer science courses as a way to develop the reviewers' knowledge

Scott A. Turner; Manuel A. Pérez-Quiñones; Stephen H. Edwards; Joseph Chase

2010-01-01

221

In Defense of Regulatory Peer Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The debate over application of peer review to the regulatory decisions of administrative agencies has heated up in the last year. Part of the larger and controversial sound science movement, mandating peer review for certain types of agency decisions has recently been championed by the White House and proponents in Congress. Indeed, this past January the Office of Management and

James Salzman; J. B. Ruhl

2006-01-01

222

In Defense of Regulatory Peer Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Largely overlooked, but pertinent to the question of what role peer review could play, is the potential that agencies might misuse perfectly credible science, or so-called “good science,” by overstating the extent to which it supports their policy and regulatory decisions. No study has ever demonstrated whether use of regulatory peer review would have detected other instances, like the Klamath,

J. B. Ruhl; James Salzman

2006-01-01

223

Peer Reviewers Learn from Giving Comments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on peer reviewing has revealed that comments received from peer reviewers are helpful when it comes to making revisions in an individual's writing, but the role of providing comments to peer writers has been little explored despite the potential value of such research. In this study, we explored how student reviewers learn by reviewing…

Cho, Young Hoan; Cho, Kwangsu

2011-01-01

224

[Peer review: a closed system in need of reform].  

PubMed

Peer review is the process by which experts assess the quality of manuscripts submitted for publication in scientific journals. During the last decade, this system for quality control has been debated a lot and investigated scientifically. By now, there is a widespread consciousness among scientists regarding the deficiencies of this system for quality control. It is slow, expensive, subjective, prone to bias and easily abused. To comply with its important function, the peer review system has to be reformed. The most important reforms would be to make it an open process--that is, the removal of the anonymity of the reviewing experts, and to oblige all parties in the publication process, authors, editors, reviewers, to declare potential conflicts of interest. PMID:12198928

Thörn, Ake

2002-07-25

225

Protecting peer review: Correspondence chronology and ethical analysis regarding Logothetis vs. Shmuel and Leopold  

Microsoft Academic Search

Editors of scientific journals are ethically bound to provide a fair and impartial peer-review process and to protect the rights of contributing authors to publish research results. If, however, a dis- pute arises among investigators regarding data ownership and the right to publish, the ethical respon- sibilities of journal editors become more complex. The editors of Human Brain Mapping recently

Peter T. Fox; Ed Bullmore; Peter A. Bandettini; Jack L. Lancaster

2009-01-01

226

Editorial: Our Journal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Journal of College Science Teaching is one of four journals published by the National Science Teachers Association. Each of the journals serves the educators working at a different level of education. JCST shares some of its processes with these other journals, but because it serves a different community, it operates in a slightly different way. Each issue of JCST contains feature articles and several column contributions. Feature articles appear in the body of the journal and one of these is usually featured on the cover for that issue. Every published feature article is thoroughly peer-reviewed by members of an appointed review panel. In this edition, the editor discusses the unique characteristics of JCST and elicits correspondence and feedback to assist in helping the journal grow to better meet the changing needs of the community.

Cutler, Ann

2007-03-01

227

Oklahoma Association of Teacher Educators Journal 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Oklahoma Association of Teacher Educators 2009 Journal includes the following four peer reviewed articles: (1) The Changing Role of Grandparents (Fred D. Hammond, III, Terry E. Spigner, Charolette Myles-Nixon, and Pauline Holloway); (2) Pedagogical Agent Instructional Design Challenges (Jon Martens); (3) Differences in Relatedness across…

Green, Malinda Hendricks, Ed.

2009-01-01

228

Scientific Journal Publishing: Yearly Volume and Open Access Availability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Introduction: We estimate the total yearly volume of peer-reviewed scientific journal articles published world-wide as well as the share of these articles available openly on the Web either directly or as copies in e-print repositories. Method: We rely on data from two commercial databases (ISI and Ulrich's Periodicals Directory) supplemented by…

Bjork, Bo-Christer; Roos, Annikki; Lauri, Mari

2009-01-01

229

PUBLISHER'S ANNOUNCEMENT: Notice of changes to peer-review policy in Superconductor Science and Technology Notice of changes to peer-review policy in Superconductor Science and Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past few months, there have been a number of significant changes to the editorial peer-review system for Superconductor Science and Technology (SUST) and I would like to take this opportunity to clarify them. All regular papers submitted to the journal will now be reviewed by at least two independent anonymous referees. In the past, we have sought only

Tom Miller

2009-01-01

230

Using Journal Articles in an Environmental Biology Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explains the interrupted journal case study method which integrates content, process, and application in an environmental biology course. Provides a sample case on wetland delineation and describes strategies to develop effective case studies in environmental education. (YDS)|

Camill, Phil

2000-01-01

231

Google Scholar as a tool for discovering journal articles in library and information science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to measure the coverage of Google Scholar for the Library and Information Science (LIS) journal literature as identified by a list of core LIS journals from a study by Schlögl and Petschnig (2005). Methods: We checked every article from 35 major LIS journals from the years 2004 to 2006 for availability in Google

Dirk Lewandowski

2010-01-01

232

The Geography of Distance Education--Bibliographic Characteristics of a Journal Network  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The publication of the results of research in distance education in peer-reviewed journals is an important means of communication, dissemination, discourse and reporting of practice in the field. This study is an attempt at analyzing the relationships and influences among these journals. It is based upon a sample of 1416 scholarly articles

Zawacki-Richter, Olaf; Anderson, Terry

2011-01-01

233

The Geography of Distance Education--Bibliographic Characteristics of a Journal Network  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The publication of the results of research in distance education in peer-reviewed journals is an important means of communication, dissemination, discourse and reporting of practice in the field. This study is an attempt at analyzing the relationships and influences among these journals. It is based upon a sample of 1416 scholarly articles

Zawacki-Richter, Olaf; Anderson, Terry

2011-01-01

234

A Method for Comparing Scholarly Journals as Service Providers to Authors  

Microsoft Academic Search

When authors of scholarly articles decide where to submit their manuscripts for peer review and eventual publication, they often base their choice of journals on very incomplete information about how well the journals serve the authors’ purposes of informing about their research and advancing their academic careers. The purpose of this study was to develop and test a new method

Bo-Christer Björk; Anssi Öörni

2009-01-01

235

Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning. Volume 13, Number 1, Fall 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The "Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning" ("MJCSL") is a national, peer-reviewed journal consisting of articles written by faculty and service-learning educators on research, theory, pedagogy, and issues pertinent to the service-learning community. The "MJCSL" aims to: (1) widen the community of service-learning educators; (2) sustain…

Howard, Jeffrey, Ed.

2006-01-01

236

45 CFR 1388.9 - Peer review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES, DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES PROGRAM THE UNIVERSITY AFFILIATED PROGRAMS § 1388.9 Peer review....

2012-10-01

237

45 CFR 1388.9 - Peer review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES, DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES PROGRAM THE UNIVERSITY AFFILIATED PROGRAMS § 1388.9 Peer review....

2011-10-01

238

Science and Technology Peer Review: GPRA.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes practical issues for federal agencies to consider if they choose program peer review for internal purposes and/ or to contribute to satisfying the requirements of the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA). For description pur...

R. N. Kostoff

2003-01-01

239

NCI DEA - Consumer Guides for Peer Review  

Cancer.gov

The NCI Consumers' Cancer Dictionary for Peer Review is deigned to provide concise definitions of technical terms frequently used in applications for NCI-sponsored investigator-initiated research. The terms include those commonly associated with the molecular biology of cancer, immunology, and clinical oncology. These definitions, in association with the review process, will increase your familiarity and understanding of the biology and clinical aspects of cancer. We hope this will facilitate and make your participation in the Peer Review process more meaningful.

240

Advances in peer review research: an introduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review is a topic of considerable concern to many researchers, and there is a correspondingly large body of research\\u000a on the topic. This issue of Science and Engineering Ethics presents recent work on peer review that is both grounded in empirical science and is applicable to policy decisions. This\\u000a research raises two basic questions; (a) how does current peer

Arthur E. Stamps

1997-01-01

241

Reporting Medical Information: Effects of Press Releases and Newsworthiness on Medical Journal Articles' Visibility in the News Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Characteristics defining newsworthiness of journal articles appearing in JAMA and NEJM were examined to determine if they affect visibility in the news media. It was also hypothesized that press releases affected the amount of news coverage of a journal article due to the fact that the most newsworthy journal articles are selected for press releases.Methods. Journal articles (N =

Jo Ellen Stryker

2002-01-01

242

CES4Health.info: an online tool for peer reviewed publication and dissemination of diverse products of community-engaged scholarship.  

PubMed

Community-engaged scholarship (CES)-research, teaching, programmatic and other scholarly activities conducted through partnerships between academic and community partners-may result in innovative applied products such as manuals, policy briefs, curricula, videos, toolkits, and websites. Without accepted mechanisms for peer-reviewed publication and dissemination, these products often do not "count" toward faculty promotion and tenure (P&T) and have limited opportunities for broad impact. This paper reports on CES4Health.info, a unique online tool for peer-reviewed publication and dissemination of products of CES in forms other than journal articles. In its first year, CES4Health.info has published 24 products and documented the satisfaction of users, authors, and reviewers. PMID:21623022

Jordan, Catherine; Seifer, Sarena D; Gelmon, Sherril B; Ryan, Katharine; McGinley, Piper

2011-01-01

243

Journal-ranking lists and the academic librarian  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to assess the use of journal-ranking lists for academic librarian promotion and tenure (P&T) decision. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Using a case study, the researchers analyzed a proposed journal-ranking list created for P&T decisions. A quantitative analysis of peer-reviewed journal articles was performed to support this analysis. Findings – The paper shows that the

Stephen Bales; Laura Sare; Catherine Coker; Wyoma vanDuinkerken

2011-01-01

244

Online Peer Review: An Alternative to Face-to-Face?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores whether online peer review can be a worthwhile alternative to face-to-face peer review. It was conducted in two pre-college English-as-a-Second-Language writing classes at a community college to examine students' responses in both modes of peer review, and to see whether online peer review could become a viable option.…

DiGiovanni, Elaine; Nagaswami, Girija

2001-01-01

245

28 CFR 34.104 - Use of peer review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Use of peer review. 34.104 Section 34.104 Judicial Administration...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.104 Use of peer review. (a)...

2013-07-01

246

A word processor optimized for preparing journal articles and student papers.  

PubMed

A new Windows-based word processor for preparing journal articles and student papers is described. In addition to standard features found in word processors, the present word processor provides specific help in preparing manuscripts. Clicking on "Reference Help (APA Form)" in the "File" menu provides a detailed help system for entering the references in a journal article. Clicking on "Examples and Explanations of APA Form" provides a help system with examples of the various sections of a review article, journal article that has one experiment, or journal article that has two or more experiments. The word processor can automatically place the manuscript page header and page number at the top of each page using the form required by APA and Psychonomic Society journals. The "APA Form" submenu of the "Help" menu provides detailed information about how the word processor is optimized for preparing articles and papers. PMID:11816458

Wolach, A H; McHale, M A

2001-11-01

247

Is There a Place within Academic Journals for Articles Presented in an Accessible Format?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article addresses some of the difficulties inherent in disseminating emancipatory research findings in academic journals in a way that is empowering to people with learning difficulties in the UK. It calls for academics to challenge the editorial criteria of academic journals to consider accepting articles written in a more accessible style.…

Garbutt, Ruth

2009-01-01

248

Expanding the Canon: Bridges to Understanding. Articles from "English Journal," 1987-89.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is a collection of articles originally printed in "English Journal," the secondary section membership journal of the National Council of Teachers of English. The articles selected for the book tap a rich vein of multicultural literature, including works by African Americans, Native Americans, women, and authors from outside North…

Schullstrom, Faith Z., Comp.

249

Promoting F.A.I.T.H. in Peer Review: Five Core Attributes of Effective Peer Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review is an important component of scholarly research. Long a “black box” whose practical mechanisms were unknown to researchers and readers, peer review is increasingly facing demands for accountability and improvement. Numerous studies address empirical aspects of the peer review process. Much less consideration is typically given to normative dimensions of peer review. This paper considers what authors, editors,

Leigh Turner

2003-01-01

250

Peer review effectiveness : An analysis of potential loopholes within the USA Peer Review Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To assess peer review effectiveness by identifying potential loopholes that could lead to Type II errors, that is, loopholes that would allow reviewed firms to pass their peer review when they should not pass. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A questionnaire was mailed to a random sample of 500 CPA firms in the USA. A total of 200 responses were received

Joshua Russell; Jack Armitage

2006-01-01

251

Early Childhood Research & Practice: An Internet Journal on the Development, Care, and Education of Young Children, Spring 2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Early Childhood Research and Practice (ECRP), a peer-reviewed Internet-only journal sponsored by the Early Childhood and Parenting (ECAP) Collaborative at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, covers topics related to the development, care, and education of children from birth to approximately age 8. The journal emphasizes articles

Katz, Lilian G., Ed.; Rothenberg, Dianne, Ed.; Preece, Laurel

2003-01-01

252

Early Childhood Research and Practice: An Internet Journal on the Development, Care, and Education of Young Children, Fall 2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Early Childhood Research & Practice (ECRP), a peer-reviewed, Internet-only journal sponsored by the Early Childhood and Parenting Collaborative (ECAP), covers topics related to the development, care, and education of children from birth to approximately age 8. The journal emphasizes articles reporting on practice-related research and on issues…

Katz, Lilian G., Ed.; Rothenberg, Dianne, Ed.

2003-01-01

253

Early Childhood Research & Practice: An Internet Journal on the Development, Care, and Education of Young Children, Spring 2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early Childhood Research and Practice (ECRP), a peer-reviewed Internet-only journal sponsored by the Early Childhood and Parenting (ECAP) Collaborative at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, covers topics related to the development, care, and education of children from birth to approximately age 8. The journal emphasizes articles

Katz, Lilian G., Ed.; Rothenberg, Dianne, Ed.; Preece, Laurel

2003-01-01

254

Early Childhood Research & Practice: An Internet Journal on the Development, Care, and Education of Young Children, Spring 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Early Childhood Research and Practice (ECRP), a peer-reviewed, Internet-only journal sponsored by the ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education (ERIC/EECE), covers topics related to the development, care, and education of children from birth to approximately age 8. The journal emphasizes articles reporting on practice-related…

Katz, Lilian G., Ed.; Rothenberg, Dianne, Ed.

2001-01-01

255

The use of social media to enhance the traditional journal article: a single journal experience.  

PubMed

In this manuscript, we hope to use the experience of one journal, Neurosurgery, the official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons, to illustrate that a comprehensive social media strategy can be implemented with a minimal investment of capital and labor, while maintaining the academic integrity of the publication. PMID:23903376

MacRae, Duncan A; Silk, Stephanie L

2013-09-01

256

Nano Research Journal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Nano Research is a peer-reviewed, international and interdisciplinary research journal that focuses on all aspects of nanoscience and nanotechnology. Submissions are solicited in all topical areas, ranging from basic aspects of the science of nanoscale materials to practical applications of such materials. Nano Research is an open-access journal, making all research results freely available online.Nano Research offers readers an attractive mix of authoritative and comprehensive Reviews, original cutting-edge research in Communication and Full Paper formats. Rapid review to ensure quick publication is a key feature of Nano Research.Articles in Nano Research are accessible free of charge in 2008 and 2009.

2010-10-13

257

From SSWR to Peer-Reviewed Publication: How Many Live and How Many Die?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to estimate how many presentations at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Social Work and Research (SSWR) are subsequently published in peer-reviewed journals. A 30% random sample of abstracts presented at the 2006 Annual Meeting of SSWR was reviewed. To determine publication status of the presentations, the…

Perron, Brian E.; Taylor, Harry Owen; Vaughn, Michael G.; Grogan-Kaylor, Andrew; Ruffolo, Mary C.; Spencer, Michael

2011-01-01

258

Peer Review, Bourdieu and Honour: Connecting Chinese and Australian Intellectual Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reviews of papers for refereed journals are rarely a source of exhilaration, only occasionally a pleasure and frequently dispiriting. Using peer reviews of research containing Chinese concepts, this paper explores different ways of thinking about knowledge, its evaluation and transfer. Bourdieu's concepts of fields of power, position taking,…

Singh, Michael; Han, Jinghe

2010-01-01

259

Peer review for the evaluation of the academic research: the Italian experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review, that is the evaluation process based on judgments formulated by independent experts, is generally used for different goals: the allocation of research funding, the review of the research results submitted for publication in scientific journals, and the assessment of the quality of research conducted by Universities and university-related Institutes. The paper deals with the latter type of peer

Reale Emanuela; Barbara Anna; Costantini Antonio

2006-01-01

260

The use of standards for peer review of online nursing courses: a pilot study.  

PubMed

This article describes a pilot study on the use of online course standards for peer review of Web-based nursing courses. A peer review team consisting of a nurse educator and an instructional designer piloted the use of two sets of online course standards in two RN-to-baccalaureate nursing courses. The College of Public Health Online Course Standards and the Quality Matters (QM) Peer Course Review Rubric were used to review the courses. The standards facilitated the peer review process and supplied important criteria for measuring the quality of the courses. Analysis of the rubric scores revealed trends in criteria not met in either course, indicating the need for educational program improvement and faculty training. The QM tool had more consistent results among peer reviewers and was perceived as easier to use. In addition, QM standards provided a useful mechanism for benchmarking against higher education courses throughout the United States. PMID:19634268

Little, Barbara Battin

2009-07-01

261

The Open Medicine student peer review program  

PubMed Central

Open Medicine has provided an opportunity to acquire experience in peer review for a group of graduate students in the Department of Community Health Sciences at the University of Calgary. To date, approximately 40 students have regularly participated in the peer review of manuscripts for Open Medicine. Participating students attend group sessions on the practicalities of reviewing papers, the revision and resubmission process, and specific topic areas that arise from particular papers. Through these experiences, the students have gained insight into the importance of quality peer review, Open Access publication and research reporting guidelines. Open Medicine encourages the proliferation of similar programs at other universities, as this valuable part of medical research is not formally taught in most graduate health research programs.

Lail, Parabhdeep; Wilkinson, Krista; Metcalfe, Amy

2011-01-01

262

Effect on peer review of telling reviewers that their signed reviews might be posted on the web: randomised controlled trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives To see whether telling peer reviewers that their signed reviews of original research papers might be posted on the BMJ’s website would affect the quality of their reviews.Design Randomised controlled trial.Setting A large international general medical journal based in the United Kingdom.Participants 541 authors, 471 peer reviewers, and 12 editors.Intervention Consecutive eligible papers were randomised either to have the

Susan van Rooyen; Tony Delamothe; Stephen J W Evans

2010-01-01

263

Chicago Journal of Theoretical Computer Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published by the University of Chicago Press, the Chicago Journal of Theoretical Computer Science is a peer-reviewed, scholarly journal that explores and discusses, you guessed it, theoretical computer science. The journal is very much aimed at scholars and students in the field, and these readers can access the full text of the articles from 1996 to 2000 (there is a voluntary subscription policy). The articles are listed in reverse chronological order, preceded by an abstract, and available for download in several formats. Also included at the site are a bibliography of over 360 books, articles, conference proceedings, and technical reports about self-stabilization or applications that employ stabilizing techniques.

1969-12-31

264

A Comparison of the Methodological Quality of Articles in Computer Science Education Journals and Conference Proceedings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this study we empirically investigate the claim that articles published in computer science education journals are more methodologically sound than articles published in computer science education conference proceedings. A random sample of 352 articles was selected from those articles published in major computer science education forums…

Randolph, Justus J.; Julnes, George; Bednarik, Roman; Sutinen, Erkki

2007-01-01

265

THE REPORTING OF IRB REVIEW IN JOURNAL ARTICLES PRESENTING HIV RESEARCH CONDUCTED IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD  

PubMed Central

Objectives We investigated how often journal articles reporting on human HIV research in four developing world countries mention any institutional review boards (IRBs) or research ethics committees (RECs), and what factors are involved. Methods We examined all such articles published in 2007 from India, Nigeria, Thailand and Uganda, and coded these for several ethical and other characteristics. Results Of 221 articles meeting inclusion criteria, 32.1% did not mention IRB approval. Mention of IRB approval was associated with: biomedical (versus psychosocial) research (P=0.001), more sponsor-country authors (P=0.003), sponsor-country corresponding author (P=0.047), mention of funding (P<0.001), particular host-country involved (P=0.002), journals having sponsor-country editors (P<0.001), and journal stated compliance with International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) (P=0. 003). Logistic regression identified 3 significant factors: mention of funding, journal having sponsor-country editors and research being biomedical. Conclusions One-third of articles still do not mention IRB approval. Mention varied by country, and was associated with biomedical research, and more sponsor country involvement. Recently, some journals have required mention of IRB approval, but allow authors to do so in cover letters to editors, not in the article itself. Instead, these data suggest, journals should require that articles document adherence to ethical standards.

KLITZMAN, ROBERT L.; KLEINERT, KELLY; RIFAI-BASHJAWISH, HODA; LEU, CHENG SHIUNG

2012-01-01

266

Research on Mathematics Education in China in the Last Decade: A Review of Journal Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reviews literature on mathematics education in China in the last decade. It focuses on papers that were published after 2000, and Chinese Social Science Citation Index (CSSCI). Some influential journals in the field of mathematics education, such as the "Journal of Mathematics Education" and "Mathematics Instruction" were also…

Xu, Binyan

2010-01-01

267

Articles on Mass Communication in U.S. and Foreign Journals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Annotates a number of journal articles dealing with a variety of subjects, including (1) advertising, (2) audience and communicatory analysis, (3) broadcasting, (4) communication theory, (5) courts and the law, (6) media criticism, (7) editorial policy and methods, (8) journalism education, (9) government and media, and (10) technology. (FL)|

McKerns, Joseph P.; And Others, Eds.

1984-01-01

268

SMART Imagebase: Peer-Reviewed Medical Images  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic resources in the health sciences have historically been bibliographically based, but the need for image content is growing. The SMART Imagebase from EBSCO is a peer-reviewed source for high quality medical images, animations, videos, and monograph content. Nucleus Medical Art, a publisher of online medical illustrations, animations, interactive media, and educational materials for patients, consumers, and health care professionals,

J. Michael Lindsay

2011-01-01

269

Wind Program Peer Review Report, 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Wind Program convened a Peer Review meeting of wind energy experts, national laboratory researchers, and DOE program staff from March 9th 12th, 2010, at the Fairmont Hotel in Washington, DC. The purpose of the meeting w...

C. Clark J. Beaudry-Losique R. Swisher

2010-01-01

270

Bristol Bay Assessment ? Supplemental Peer Review Reports  

EPA Science Inventory

These reports represent the results of independent peer reviews of several technical reports submitted to the public docket for the May 2012 draft of the Bristol Bay Assessment, An Assessment of Potential Mining Impacts on Salmon Ecosystems of Bristol Bay, Alaska . ...

271

Nurse Participation in Medical Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Utah Professional Review Organization (UPRO) enables nurse-coordinators to conduct an ongoing evaluation of the quality of patient care, to upgrade care through physician-sponsored continuing education programs, and to limit care cost, in a medical peer review program. (DS)

Orme, June Y.; Lindbeck, Rosemary S.

1974-01-01

272

Peer Review Methods for ESL Writing Improvement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher research shows how peer reviews change draft papers. In the majority of cases, final papers improved in content. The study analyzes data collected from 40 intermediate/advanced nonnative speakers of English enrolled in freshman composition for international students at a large private university. It also examines student reflections…

Soares, Colleen J.

2004-01-01

273

Procedures for Peer Review of Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the Education Sciences Reform Act, all research, statistics, and evaluation reports conducted by, or supported through, the Institute shall be subject to rigorous peer review before being published or otherwise made available to the public. Prior to review and approval by the NCEE Commissioner, NCEE reports are reviewed internally by the…

US Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

274

Translations of Reading Research Articles Appearing in Japanese Journals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"A Psychological Study of Flexibility in Reading," the first in this collection of four articles, attempted to determine how flexibility in reading develops from elementary to junior high school. The results indicated that children in every grade in this experiment were flexible in reading, that is, they changed their speed of reading according to…

Sakamoto, Takahiko

275

Bibliography of Reports and Journal Articles Approved for Public Release FY96.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report lists all technical reports, technical notes, administrative publications, journal articles, and book chapters that were approved for public release in FY96. Publications in each category are listed in chronological order under the following a...

C. Eastburn R. Dalton

1996-01-01

276

Articles on Mass Communication in U.S. and Foreign Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Contains an annotated bibliography of articles published during the first quarter of 1975 in the areas of advertising, broadcasting, communication theory, journalism education, editorial policies, media criticism, and the law. (RB)|

Knight, Robert P.; Delahaye, Alfred

1975-01-01

277

Research in Librarianship: An Analysis of Research Articles in Core Library Journals of 1980.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A total of 343 research articles published in 41 core library journals in 1980 and a further 708 articles cited in a stratified random sample of 100 of the original (source) articles were examined in terms of subject, research methodology, and number of r...

M. M. Nour

1983-01-01

278

Office of Inspector General audit report on the Department of Energy`s peer review practices  

SciTech Connect

Fulfilling the requirements of the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993 has presented Federal science agencies with the challenge of defining ways to quantify and evaluate the outcomes of research. Measuring research program performance is particularly important for the Department of Energy because of its substantial investment (approximately $7 billion in Fiscal Year 1996) in research and development activities. The Research Roundtable, in 1995, observed that the results of research could be evaluated using the performance indicators of relevance, productivity, and quality. One method for doing so is formal, objective evaluation by independent reviewers, or peer review. The objective of the audit was to determine whether the Department had established and was managing a peer review process for evaluating scientific and technical projects. It was found that peer reviews were conducted prior to competitive award of subcontracts, selection of projects from research proposals, and inclusion in scientific journals and/or conferences. In addition, the Department and the laboratories, in response to the government Performance and Results Act and performance-based contracting, had incorporated peer review into the laboratories` annual performance self-assessment process. The results of these reviews were used to determine program direction, obtain input on ongoing programs, and prioritize funding for laboratory and Departmental research activities. This report does not include any recommendations since the laboratories had established processes in accordance with Office of Management and Budget and Departmental peer review requirements.

NONE

1998-04-01

279

Research Program Peer Review: Purposes, Principles, Practices, Protocols.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purposes, principles, practices, and protocols of research program peer review are described. While the principles are fundamentally generic, and apply to peer review across the full spectrum of performing institutions as well as manuscript, proposal,...

R. N. Kostoff

2004-01-01

280

Ghost marketing: pharmaceutical companies and ghostwritten journal articles.  

PubMed

The use of ghostwriters by industry is subject to increasing public attention and scrutiny. This article addresses the practice and ethics of scientific ghostwriting. We focus on the type of ghostwriting that involves a pharmaceutical company hiring a medical education and communications company to write a paper favorable of their product, who then hires a well-known academic to publish it under his or her name without disclosing the paper's true origins. We argue that this practice is harmful both to the public and to the institutions of science and that it is not justified by an analogy to accepted scientific authorship practices. Finally, we consider ways to discourage the practice. PMID:17259673

Moffatt, Barton; Elliott, Carl

2007-01-01

281

Online Peer Review: Learning Science as It's Practiced.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a cooperative project that integrates the internet into the peer-review process to enhance student understanding of the nature of science through engagement in socially authentic scientific research and the double-blinded peer review process. Reports the ratings of faculty and students of the online peer review. (Author/YDS)

Trautmann, Nancy M.; Carlsen, William S.; Eick, Charles J.; Gardner, Francis E., Jr.; Kenyon, Lisa; Moscovici, Hedy; Moore, John C.; Thompson, Mark; West, Sandra

2003-01-01

282

Using Peer Review with Chinese ESL Student Writers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review has a prominent place in process-oriented writing instruction. In this paper, I share my developing use of peer review in an academic writing course for Chinese ESL learners. After reviewing the relevant literature, I describe the context in which I implemented peer review and conducted practitioner research into its productive use.…

Hu, Guangwei

2005-01-01

283

28 CFR 34.109 - Qualifications of peer reviewers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...34.109 Qualifications of peer reviewers. The general...to be used in the selection of peer reviewers are: (a) Generalized...addressed by the applications to be reviewed under a particular program...Additional details concerning peer reviewer qualifications are...

2013-07-01

284

Science Policy Council Handbook: Peer Review. Second Edition.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

EPA's Science Policy Council (SPC) has organized this Peer Review Handbook as guidance to EPA staff and managers on the organization and conduct of peer review pursuant to the Administrator's June 7, 1994 Peer Review Policy statement. The goal of the Peer...

K. L. Dearfield A. R. Flaak

2000-01-01

285

Student attitudes and motivation for peer review in CS2  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer science students need experience with essential concepts and professional activities. Peer review is one way to meet these goals. In this work, we examine the students' attitudes towards and engagement in the peer review process, in early, object-oriented, computer science courses. To do this, we used peer review exercises in two CS2 classes at neighboring universities over the course

Scott Turner; Manuel A. Pérez-Quiñones; Stephen Edwards; Joseph Chase

2011-01-01

286

Writing to Learn: An Evaluation of the Calibrated Peer Review(TM) Program in Two Neuroscience Courses  

PubMed Central

Although the majority of scientific information is communicated in written form, and peer review is the primary process by which it is validated, undergraduate students may receive little direct training in science writing or peer review. Here, I describe the use of Calibrated Peer Review™ (CPR), a free, web-based writing and peer review program designed to alleviate instructor workload, in two undergraduate neuroscience courses: an upper- level sensation and perception course (41 students, three assignments) and an introductory neuroscience course (50 students; two assignments). Using CPR online, students reviewed primary research articles on assigned ‘hot’ topics, wrote short essays in response to specific guiding questions, reviewed standard ‘calibration’ essays, and provided anonymous quantitative and qualitative peer reviews. An automated grading system calculated the final scores based on a student’s essay quality (as determined by the average of three peer reviews) and his or her accuracy in evaluating 1) three standard calibration essays, 2) three anonymous peer reviews, and 3) his or her self review. Thus, students were assessed not only on their skill at constructing logical, evidence-based arguments, but also on their ability to accurately evaluate their peers’ writing. According to both student self-reports and instructor observation, students’ writing and peer review skills improved over the course of the semester. Student evaluation of the CPR program was mixed; while some students felt like the peer review process enhanced their understanding of the material and improved their writing, others felt as though the process was biased and required too much time. Despite student critiques of the program, I still recommend the CPR program as an excellent and free resource for incorporating more writing, peer review, and critical thinking into an undergraduate neuroscience curriculum.

Prichard, J. Roxanne

2005-01-01

287

Grants Peer Review: Report to the Director, NIH. Phase I, Volume I.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Studies of peer review systems; The grants peer review system at NIH; Perceptions of the NIH grants peer review process; Maintenance and improvement of quality of review; Legal considerations regarding grants peer review; Impact of review worklo...

R. L. Kirschstein

1976-01-01

288

Peer Review Re-Viewed: Investigating the Juxtaposition of Composition Students' Eye Movements and Peer-Review Processes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While peer review is a common practice in college composition courses, there is little consistency in approach and effectiveness within the field, owing in part to the dearth of empirical research that investigates peer-review processes. This study is designed to shed light on what a peer reviewer actually reads and attends to while providing…

Paulson, Eric J.; Alexander, Jonathan; Armstrong, Sonya

2007-01-01

289

Peer Review Re-Viewed: Investigating the Juxtaposition of Composition Students' Eye Movements and Peer-Review Processes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While peer review is a common practice in college composition courses, there is little consistency in approach and effectiveness within the field, owing in part to the dearth of empirical research that investigates peer-review processes. This study is designed to shed light on what a peer reviewer actually reads and attends to while providing…

Paulson, Eric J.; Alexander, Jonathan; Armstrong, Sonya

2007-01-01

290

How important tasks are performed: peer review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The advancement of various fields of science depends on the actions of individual scientists via the peer review process. The referees' work patterns and stochastic nature of decision making both relate to the particular features of refereeing and to the universal aspects of human behavior. Here, we show that the time a referee takes to write a report on a scientific manuscript depends on the final verdict. The data is compared to a model, where the review takes place in an ongoing competition of completing an important composite task with a large number of concurrent ones - a Deadline -effect. In peer review human decision making and task completion combine both long-range predictability and stochastic variation due to a large degree of ever-changing external ``friction''.

Hartonen, T.; Alava, M. J.

2013-04-01

291

Peer review of hospital social work.  

PubMed

To comply with PSRO legislation, St. Vincent's Hospital and Medical Center of New York (NYC) in 1977 established a social service peer review program. Detailed criteria are used in evaluating completed cases from 10 social service staff members each month, with the whole social work staff participating as evaluators on a rotation basis. The hospital expects the ongoing review program to benefit its social service practice in many ways and ultimately to upgrade patient care. PMID:631819

Kohut, S A

1978-04-01

292

How operational issues impact science peer review  

Microsoft Academic Search

In some eyes, the Phase I proposal selection process is the most important activity handled by the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI). Proposing for HST and other missions consists of requesting observing time and\\/or archival research funding. This step is called Phase I, where the scientific merit of a proposal is considered by a community based peer-review process. Accepted proposals

Brett S. Blacker; Daniel Golombek; Duccio Macchetto

2006-01-01

293

Evidence for the effectiveness of peer review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientific editors’ policies, including peer review, are based mainly on tradition and belief. Do they actually achieve their\\u000a desired effects, the selection of the best manuscripts and improvement of those published? Editorial decisions have important\\u000a consequences—to investigators, the scientific community, and all who might benefit from correct information or be harmed by\\u000a misleading research results. These decisions should be judged

Robert H. Fletcher; Suzanne W. Fletcher

1997-01-01

294

Using Google Scholar to Estimate the Impact of Journal Articles in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the potential of Google Scholar as an alternative or complement to the Web of Science and Scopus for measuring the impact of journal articles in education. Three handbooks on research in science education, language education, and educational technology were used to identify a sample of 112 accomplished scholars. Google…

van Aalst, Jan

2010-01-01

295

Aspects of Theme in the Method and Discussion Sections of Biology Journal Articles in English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the thematic structure of the method and Discussion section of biology research articles. A corpus of 30 journal articles was analyzed using the categories of systematic functional linguistics and a semantic categorization for unmarked themes realized by subject. Revealed differences in the semantic construction of the sections. (VWL)

Martinez, Iliana A.

2003-01-01

296

Using Journal Articles to Teach Writing Skills for Laboratory Reports in General Chemistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

A strategy for helping students develop technical writing skills through laboratory report assignments is described. The students begin by examining a recent journal article, writing a citation for it, and listing the sections the article contains. Students are given guidelines for constructing one specific section and are assigned the task of writing or creating that section for a specific laboratory

Luanne Tilstra

2001-01-01

297

"Journal of Counseling & Development" Publication Patterns: Author and Article Characteristics From 1994 to 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Publication patterns of articles in the "Journal of Counseling & Development" from 1994 to 2009 were reviewed. Trends over time were analyzed in article content (e.g., type, content topic) and author demographic characteristics (i.e., gender, nation of domicile, and employment setting). Of particular interest because of the scientific…

Erford, Bradley T.; Miller, Emily M.; Schein, Hallie; McDonald, Allison; Ludwig, Lisa; Leishear, Kathleen

2011-01-01

298

Using Google Scholar to Estimate the Impact of Journal Articles in Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the potential of Google Scholar as an alternative or complement to the Web of Science and Scopus for measuring the impact of journal articles in education. Three handbooks on research in science education, language education, and educational technology were used to identify a sample of 112 accomplished scholars. Google Scholar, Web of Science, and Scopus citations for

Jan van Aalst

2010-01-01

299

Ad hoc and Selective Translations of Scientific and Technical Journal Articles: Their Characteristics and Possible Predictability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study of ad hoc and selective translations of scientific and technical journal articles is described. Differences between two articles--one translated; the other not--with respect to original language, subject coverage, number of references and authors, and frequency with which their authors are cited in other works are presented. (Author/MBR)|

Anderson, James D.

1978-01-01

300

Using Google Scholar to Estimate the Impact of Journal Articles in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses the potential of Google Scholar as an alternative or complement to the Web of Science and Scopus for measuring the impact of journal articles in education. Three handbooks on research in science education, language education, and educational technology were used to identify a sample of 112 accomplished scholars. Google…

van Aalst, Jan

2010-01-01

301

Collaboration in technical communication: a qualitative content analysis of journal articles, 1990-1999  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this qualitative content analysis, I examined 55 articles with keywords relating to collaboration published in the 1990-1999 issues of five major technical communication journals. I considered the frequency, types of research, and themes in the 55-article collection. My analysis reveals differences in the authors' discussions of collaboration depending on whether the collaboration occurred in the classroom or the workplace.

ISABELLE THOMPSON

2001-01-01

302

Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If you've ever had a yen to learn more about the traditional knowledge of wild edible plants used in Palestine or the medicinal plants of southeastern Ethiopia, then the Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine is for you. The Journal an open access, peer-reviewed journal published by BioMed Central, and visitors can browse through all the issues here and also take a gander at the top ten most accessed articles. Visitors can also sign up to receive the journal's RSS feed and email articles directly to friends and associates. The site also contains information on how to submit manuscripts for consideration and details on the editorial board and the editor-in-chief. Given the increased profile and interest as of late in these two intriguing fields, this is certainly a journal worth a look.

303

Does Gender Matter in Grant Peer Review?  

PubMed Central

One of the most frequently voiced criticisms of the peer review process is gender bias. In this study we evaluated the grant peer review process (external reviewers’ ratings, and board of trustees’ final decision: approval or no approval for funding) at the Austrian Science Fund with respect to gender. The data consisted of 8,496 research proposals (census) across all disciplines from 1999 to 2009, which were rated on a scale from 1 to 100 (poor to excellent) by 18,357 external reviewers in 23,977 reviews. In line with the current state of research, we found that the final decision was not associated with applicant’s gender or with any correspondence between gender of applicants and reviewers. However, the decisions on the grant applications showed a robust female reviewer salience effect. The approval probability decreases (up to 10%), when there is parity or a majority of women in the group of reviewers. Our results confirm an overall gender null hypothesis for the peer review process of men’s and women’s grant applications in contrast to claims that women’s grants are systematically downrated.

Mutz, Rudiger; Bornmann, Lutz; Daniel, Hans-Dieter

2012-01-01

304

Turning Lemons into LemonadeWhere Is the Value in Peer Reviews?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Authors need to view reviewers’ comments not as judgments about the value of their work, but as good data about potential readers of their articles. The editorial review process does have deficiencies, the most serious being that reviewers should decide what articles warrant publication. “Peer review” should mean that reviewers and authors are indeed peers. However, editors typically act as

William H. Starbuck

2003-01-01

305

The Contradictions in Science Education Peer Review and Possibilities for Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

The final paper in this special issue of Research in Science Education is a synthesis of the articles that comprise the special issue. The main part of the article consists of a metalogue between the two authors in which we identify critical issues associated with peer review and highlight theory and practices we regard as salient to the continued improvement

Kenneth Tobin; Wolff-Michael Roth

2002-01-01

306

A Study of Innovative Features in Scholarly Open Access Journals  

PubMed Central

Background The emergence of the Internet has triggered tremendous changes in the publication of scientific peer-reviewed journals. Today, journals are usually available in parallel electronic versions, but the way the peer-review process works, the look of articles and journals, and the rigid and slow publication schedules have remained largely unchanged, at least for the vast majority of subscription-based journals. Those publishing firms and scholarly publishers who have chosen the more radical option of open access (OA), in which the content of journals is freely accessible to anybody with Internet connectivity, have had a much bigger degree of freedom to experiment with innovations. Objective The objective was to study how open access journals have experimented with innovations concerning ways of organizing the peer review, the format of journals and articles, new interactive and media formats, and novel publishing revenue models. Methods The features of 24 open access journals were studied. The journals were chosen in a nonrandom manner from the approximately 7000 existing OA journals based on available information about interesting journals and include both representative cases and highly innovative outlier cases. Results Most early OA journals in the 1990s were founded by individual scholars and used a business model based on voluntary work close in spirit to open-source development of software. In the next wave, many long-established journals, in particular society journals and journals from regions such as Latin America, made their articles OA when they started publishing parallel electronic versions. From about 2002 on, newly founded professional OA publishing firms using article-processing charges to fund their operations have emerged. Over the years, there have been several experiments with new forms of peer review, media enhancements, and the inclusion of structured data sets with articles. In recent years, the growth of OA publishing has also been facilitated by the availability of open-source software for journal publishing. Conclusions The case studies illustrate how a new technology and a business model enabled by new technology can be harnessed to find new innovative ways for the organization and content of scholarly publishing. Several recent launches of OA journals by major subscription publishers demonstrate that OA is rapidly gaining acceptance as a sustainable alternative to subscription-based scholarly publishing.

2011-01-01

307

Critiquing Scholarship as Formal Review: The Role and Responsibilities of Readers for Academic Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the various components of a successful review from the standpoint of a veteran journal editor and encourages, in particular, young scholars to consider, if they have not already done so, becoming active participants not only in the authoring of scholarly work, but also as reviewers in the peer review process that is part of…

Nelson, Thomas

2011-01-01

308

Journal of Aesthetics & Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Started in 2009, the Journal of Aesthetics & Culture (JAC) is an open-access journal "that aims to develop inter-disciplinary theoretical models as applied to human science research on aesthetic questions." The JAC has assembled an editorial board of scholars from across the world, including experts from New York University, Lund University, and the University of Bergen. On their website, visitors can read over the author guidelines, sign up for e-alerts, peruse the journal's announcements, and view the latest peer-reviewed article. Their first volume, published in 2009, included the articles "Calling on Witnesses: testimony and the deictic" and "Confronting The Wind: a reading of a Hollywood film by Victor Sjöström".

309

American Institute of Physics (AIP): Select Articles in the Chemical Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Institute of Physics (AIP) Chemical Sciences Website maintains this series of select, online articles in the Chemical Sciences. Featured articles represent current cutting-edge research in physical, analytical, biophysical, materials, and surface chemistry. At present, 21 articles are available, covering "Pulse-stacked cavity ring-down spectroscopy" and "Improved energy transfer in electrophosphorescent devices," among other topics. Online articles are selected from five peer-reviewed journals: The Journal of Chemical Physics, Journal of Applied Physics, Applied Physics Letters, Review of Scientific Instruments, and Chaos. All articles are available in .pdf format only and may be downloaded for browsing or printing.

310

Writing for Publication: An Analysis of 591 Articles in Five Journals Dealing with Information Technology in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents information about all articles published over three years in five different journals dealing with information technology in education. The researchers collected all 591 articles from these well-known journals. All articles were analyzed using a researcher-made matrix. Information gathered included descriptive information…

Axtell, Kulwadee; Chaffin, Amy J.; Aberasturi, Suzanne; Paone, Tina; Maddux, Cleborne

2007-01-01

311

Commercial Lighting Solutions, Webtool Peer Review Report  

SciTech Connect

The Commercial Lighting Solutions (CLS) project directly supports the U.S. Department of Energy’s Commercial Building Energy Alliance efforts to design high performance buildings. CLS creates energy efficient best practice lighting designs for widespread use, and they are made available to users via an interactive webtool that both educates and guides the end user through the application of the Lighting Solutions. This report summarizes the peer review of the beta version of the CLS webtool, which contains retail box lighting solutions. The methodology for the peer review process included data collection (stakeholder input), analysis of the comments, and organization of the input into categories for prioritization of the comments against a set of criteria. Based on this process, recommendations were developed about which feedback should be addressed for the release of version 1.0 of the webtool at the Lightfair conference in New York City in May 2009. Due to the volume of data (~500 comments) the methodology for addressing the peer review comments was central to the success of the ultimate goal of improving the tool. The comments were first imported into a master spreadsheet, and then grouped and organized in several layers. Solutions to each comment were then rated by importance and feasibility to determine the practicality of resolving the concerns of the commenter in the short-term or long-term. The rating system was used as an analytical tool, but the results were viewed thoughtfully to ensure that they were not the sole the factor in determining which comments were recommended for near-term resolution. The report provides a list of the top ten most significant and relevant improvements that will be made within the webtool for version 1.0 as well as appendices containing the short-term priorities in additional detail. Peer review comments that are considered high priority by the reviewers and the CLS team but cannot be completed for Version 1.0 are listed as long-term recommendations.

Jones, Carol C.; Meyer, Tracy A.

2009-06-17

312

Interlibrary loan in US and Canadian health sciences libraries 2005: update on journal article use  

PubMed Central

Purpose: The authors analyzed 2.48 million interlibrary loan (ILL) requests entered in the National Library of Medicine's (NLM's) DOCLINE system from 3,234 US and Canadian medical libraries during fiscal year (FY) 2005 to study their distribution and nature and the journals in which requested articles were published. Methods: Data from DOCLINE and NLM's indexing system and online catalog were used to analyze all DOCLINE ILL transactions acted on from October 2004 to September 2005. The authors compared results from this analysis to previous data collected in FY 1992. Results: Overall ILL volume in the United States and Canada is at about the same level as FY 1992 despite marked growth in online searching, knowledge discovery tools, and journals available online. Over 21,000 unique journal titles and 1.4 million unique articles were used to fill 2.2 million ILL requests in FY 2005. Over 1 million of the articles were requested only once by any network library. Fifty-two percent (11,022) of journals had 5 or fewer requests for articles from all the years of a journal by all libraries in the network. Fifty-two percent of the articles requested were published within the most recent 5 years. Conclusion: The overall ILL profile in the libraries studied has changed little since FY 1992, notable given other changes in publishing. Small changes, however, may reveal developing trends. Total ILL traffic has been declining in recent years following a peak in 2002, and fewer of the articles requested were published in the most recent five years compared to requests from 1992.

Lacroix, Eve-Marie; Collins, Maria Elizabeth

2007-01-01

313

Portraits of Our Mentoring Experiences in Learning to Craft Journal Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Tenure demands for scholarship and publication are increasing, with relatively little research on mentoring junior faculty and less on mentoring to craft journal articles. This qualitative self-study of mentoring experiences of three junior faculty members and their experienced mentor used portraiture methodology to address the research question,…

Cohen, Leonora M.; Cowin, Kathleen; Ciechanowski, Kathryn; Orozco, Richard

2012-01-01

314

Academic Affiliations of Social Work Journal Article Authors, 2004-2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The researchers tabulated the academic affiliations of the authors of all articles published between 2004 and 2008 in 6 major social work journals to produce a ranking of the colleges and universities whose faculty made the most substantive contributions to the social work literature. The results of this analysis are compared with findings of 5…

Ligon, Jan; Cobb, Alicia; Thyer, Bruce

2012-01-01

315

Using BLAST for identifying gene and protein names in journal articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a system which automatically identifies gene and protein names in journal articles, an important and non-trivial first step in knowledge extraction of protein and gene actions. Our system uses a database of gene and protein names and is based on BLAST [Altschul et al., Nucleic Acids Res. 25 (1997) 3389–3402], a popular tool for DNA and protein sequence

Michael Krauthammer; Andrey Rzhetsky; Pavel Morozov; Carol Friedman

2000-01-01

316

Discourse Research in Mathematics Education: A Critical Evaluation of 108 Journal Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been increased engagement in studying discourse in the field of mathematics education. But what exactly is a discourse, and how do researchers go about analyzing discourses? This study examines 108 articles from 6 international journals in mathematics education by asking questions such as these: In which traditions and in relation to…

Ryve, Andreas

2011-01-01

317

Articles on Mass Communication in U.S. and Foreign Journals: A Selected Annotated Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lists and annotates nearly 200 articles on mass communication, grouped according to topic. Topics include advertising, audience and communicator analysis, broadcasting, courts and law, criticism and defense of media, journalism education, government and media, history and biography, foreign countries, management, public relations, and women and…

McKerns, Joseph P.; Delahaye, Alfred

1978-01-01

318

Portraits of Our Mentoring Experiences in Learning to Craft Journal Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tenure demands for scholarship and publication are increasing, with relatively little research on mentoring junior faculty and less on mentoring to craft journal articles. This qualitative self-study of mentoring experiences of three junior faculty members and their experienced mentor used portraiture methodology to address the research question,…

Cohen, Leonora M.; Cowin, Kathleen; Ciechanowski, Kathryn; Orozco, Richard

2012-01-01

319

Retaining Copyright in Journal Articles. CAUT Intellectual Property Advisory. Number 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this advisory is to assist academic staff in retaining copyright ownership in the articles they publish in journals. Without copyright ownership, academic staff can lose control of their own work and may no longer be entitled to email it to students and colleagues, post it on a personal or course web page, place it in an…

Canadian Association of University Teachers, 2008

2008-01-01

320

A Synthesis of the Peer-Reviewed Differential Bundle Functioning Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this article was to present a synthesis of the peer-reviewed differential bundle functioning (DBF) research that has been conducted to date. A total of 16 studies were synthesized according to the following characteristics: tests used and learner groups, organizing principles used for developing bundles, DBF detection methods used,…

Banks, Kathleen

2013-01-01

321

Grist for the Sceptic's Mill: Rwanda and the African Peer Review Mechanism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article delves into the impact of the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) to Rwanda's achievement of greater democracy and respect for political freedom. It aims to show the improbability that the APRM can influence the country due to its insufficient ability and volition to pressure further democratization and respect for political rights on Rwandan government, the APRM's optimistic view

Eduard Christiaan JORDAAN

2007-01-01

322

Peer-Reviewed Research and Individualized Education Programs (IEPS): An Examination of Intent and Impact  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The reauthorized Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) requires Individualized Education Program (IEP) teams to base the selection of special education, related services, and supplementary aids and services on peer-reviewed research (PRR) to the extent practicable. This article examines the intended purpose of the PRR provision and…

Etscheidt, Susan; Curran, Christina M.

2010-01-01

323

SCDAP/RELAP5 independent peer review  

SciTech Connect

The SCDAP/RELAP5 code has been developed for best-estimate transient simulation of light-water-reactor coolant systems during severe accidents. The newest version of the code is SCDAP/RELAP5/MOD3. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) decided that there was a need for a broad technical review of the code by recognized experts to determine overall technical adequacy, even though the code is still under development. For this purpose, an eight-member SCDAP/RELAP5 Peer Review Committee was organized, and the outcome of the review should help the NRC prioritize future code-development activity. Because the code is designed to be mechanistic, the Committee used a higher standard for technical adequacy than was employed in the peer review of the parametric MELCOR code. The Committee completed its review of the SCDAP/RELAP5 code, and the findings are documented in this report. Based on these findings, recommendations in five areas are provided: (1) phenomenological models, (2) code-design objectives, (3) code-targeted applications, (4) other findings, and (5) additional recommendations.

Corradini, M.L. [Wisconsin Univ., Madison, WI (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering; Dhir, V.K. [Dhir, (V.K.) Santa Monica, CA (United States); Haste, T.J. [AEA Technology, Winfrith (United Kingdom); Heames, T.J. [Science Applications, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Jenks, R.P. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Kelly, J.E. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Khatib-Rahbar, M. [Energy Research, Inc., Rockville, MD (United States); Viskanta, R. [Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN (United States). Heat Transfer Lab.

1993-01-01

324

Early Childhood Research & Practice: An Internet Journal on the Development, Care, and Education of Young Children, Spring 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Early Childhood Research and Practice (ECRP), a peer-reviewed, Internet-only journal sponsored by the ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education (ERIC/EECE), covers topics related to the development, care, and education of children from birth to approximately age 8. ECRP emphasizes articles reporting on practice-related…

Katz, Lilian G., Ed.; Rothenberg, Dianne, Ed.

2000-01-01

325

The Electronic Magazine of Original Peer-Reviewed Survey Articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

2 ast and efficient development and deployment of new services are important drivers for advanced multimedia business. In the Internet world, ITU-T (H.323) and IETF (SIP) standards are important for advanced telephony services. Although using terms such as \\

326

The Electronic Magazine of Original Peer-Reviewed Survey Articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet has evolved during the last decade, reaching a larger number of users and encompassing several new technologies. New classes of hosts such as mobile devices are gaining popularity, while the transmission media become more heterogeneous. Wireless networks exhibit different characteristics than wired ones. Mobile hosts have different needs and limitations than desktop computers. TCP has served well the

KOSTAS PENTIKOUSIS

327

Public accessibility of biomedical articles from PubMed Central reduces journal readership--retrospective cohort analysis  

PubMed Central

Does PubMed Central—a government-run digital archive of biomedical articles—compete with scientific society journals? A longitudinal, retrospective cohort analysis of 13,223 articles (5999 treatment, 7224 control) published in 14 society-run biomedical research journals in nutrition, experimental biology, physiology, and radiology between February 2008 and January 2011 reveals a 21.4% reduction in full-text hypertext markup language (HTML) article downloads and a 13.8% reduction in portable document format (PDF) article downloads from the journals' websites when U.S. National Institutes of Health-sponsored articles (treatment) become freely available from the PubMed Central repository. In addition, the effect of PubMed Central on reducing PDF article downloads is increasing over time, growing at a rate of 1.6% per year. There was no longitudinal effect for full-text HTML downloads. While PubMed Central may be providing complementary access to readers traditionally underserved by scientific journals, the loss of article readership from the journal website may weaken the ability of the journal to build communities of interest around research papers, impede the communication of news and events to scientific society members and journal readers, and reduce the perceived value of the journal to institutional subscribers.—Davis, P. M. Public accessibility of biomedical articles from PubMed Central reduces journal readership—retrospective cohort analysis.

Davis, Philip M.

2013-01-01

328

Peer reviewing critical care: a pragmatic approach to quality management.  

PubMed

Critical care medicine frequently involves decisions and measures that may result in significant consequences for patients. In particular, mistakes may directly or indirectly derive from daily routine processes. In addition, consequences may result from the broader pharmaceutical and technological treatment options, which frequently involve multidimensional aspects. The increasing complexity of pharmaceutical and technological properties must be monitored and taken into account. Besides the presence of various disciplines involved, the provision of 24-hour care requires multiple handovers of significant information each day. Immediate expert action that is well coordinated is just as important as a professional handling of medicine's limitations.Intensivists are increasingly facing professional quality management within the ICU (Intensive Care Unit). This article depicts a practical and effective approach to this complex topic and describes external evaluation of critical care according to peer reviewing processes, which have been successfully implemented in Germany and are likely to gain in significance. PMID:21063473

Braun, Jan-Peter; Bause, Hanswerner; Bloos, Frank; Geldner, Götz; Kastrup, Marc; Kuhlen, Ralf; Markewitz, Andreas; Martin, Jörg; Mende, Hendrik; Quintel, Michael; Steinmeier-Bauer, Klaus; Waydhas, Christian; Spies, Claudia

2010-10-08

329

Peer reviewing critical care: a pragmatic approach to quality management  

PubMed Central

Critical care medicine frequently involves decisions and measures that may result in significant consequences for patients. In particular, mistakes may directly or indirectly derive from daily routine processes. In addition, consequences may result from the broader pharmaceutical and technological treatment options, which frequently involve multidimensional aspects. The increasing complexity of pharmaceutical and technological properties must be monitored and taken into account. Besides the presence of various disciplines involved, the provision of 24-hour care requires multiple handovers of significant information each day. Immediate expert action that is well coordinated is just as important as a professional handling of medicine's limitations. Intensivists are increasingly facing professional quality management within the ICU (Intensive Care Unit). This article depicts a practical and effective approach to this complex topic and describes external evaluation of critical care according to peer reviewing processes, which have been successfully implemented in Germany and are likely to gain in significance.

Braun, Jan-Peter; Bause, Hanswerner; Bloos, Frank; Geldner, Gotz; Kastrup, Marc; Kuhlen, Ralf; Markewitz, Andreas; Martin, Jorg; Mende, Hendrik; Quintel, Michael; Steinmeier-Bauer, Klaus; Waydhas, Christian; Spies, Claudia

2010-01-01

330

Electronic Journal of Human Sexuality  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Electronic Journal of Human Sexuality (EJHS), published by the Institute for Advanced Study of Human Sexuality, is a new peer-reviewed publication covering all aspects of human sexuality research. EJHS provides abstracts and the full text of research articles, doctoral dissertations, conference papers and posters, and general interest articles. Some of the content of the inaugural volume includes Sexological Interviewing Techniques by Janice Epp, PhD; The Meaning of Sex by Marty Klein, PhD; a research study on consent for sexual behavior by David S. Hall, PhD; and a study on the sexual lives of former nuns by Jacqueline "Fran" Fisher, PhD.

2007-06-29

331

Trends in endocrinology related research articles in a medical journal from India  

PubMed Central

Background: The details about the research productivity in the specialty of endocrinology from India is lacking. We plan to assess the publishing trends and the research productivity of Endocrinology related research articles published in the Journal of the Association of Physicians of India (JAPI). Materials and Methods: We carried the bibliometric analysis of endocrinology related articles from JAPI. The data were obtained from the JAPI website for the publications between 2000 and 2011. The articles were analyzed for the type (original article, case reports, correspondence, and pictorial image), subspecialty (diabetes, thyroid, etc.), and place of the research. Data were presented with descriptive statistics in numbers and percentages. Results: Out of a total 2977 articles published by JAPI, 312 articles belong to endocrine subspecialty. Endocrinology related articles constitute about 11.2%–23.2% of the published articles per year in JAPI and the percentage is increasing every year. Original articles (52%) and case reports (27%) constituite the majority, while the rest were letters to editor (9%) and pictorial images (12%). Diabetes (57%) and metabolic bone disorders (16%) lead the subspecialty articles, followed by thyroid (9%), adrenal and gonad (8%), and pituitary (8%). Chennai (20%), Mumbai (14%), and Delhi (9%) are the top 3 places contributing to the articles followed by Chandigarh and Varanasi. Conclusion: Majority of endocrinology related research productivity is seen in form of original articles and case reports. Diabetes is the leading disease with maximum research articles from Chennai and other glands are equally represented in the research productivity.

Kumar, K. V. S. H; Aravinda, Konidena

2012-01-01

332

The impact of article titles on citation hits: an analysis of general and specialist medical journals  

PubMed Central

Objectives Most published articles are not cited and citation rates depend on many variables. We hypothesized that specific features of journal titles may be related to citation rates. Design We reviewed the title characteristics of the 25 most cited articles and the 25 least cited articles published in 2005 in general and specialist medical journals including the Lancet, BMJ and Journal of Clinical Pathology. The title length and construction were correlated to the number of times the papers have been cited to May 2009. Setting Retrospective review of a scientific database. Participants None. Main outcome measures Citation rate. Results The number of citations was positively correlated with the length of the title, the presence of a colon in the title and the presence of an acronym. Factors that predicted poor citation included reference to a specific country in the title. Conclusions These data suggest that the construction of an article title has a significant impact on frequently the paper is cited. We hypothesize that this may be related to the way electronic searches of the literature are undertaken.

Jacques, Thomas S; Sebire, Neil J

2010-01-01

333

How to review scientific manuscripts and clinical case reports for Journal of Oral Implantology.  

PubMed

Peer review is a vital component of the publication process for the Journal of Oral Implantology (JOI), as with any scientific or professional journal. The ability to write constructive critical reviews, therefore, is a valued skill of benefit to authors, editors, and the journal. The purpose of this article is to discuss techniques for crafting useful reviews. A review should address both broad issues of wording and perception. A review should include specific issues of what to look for in each section of research papers and clinical case reports. While the article is written with JOI in mind, most guidelines expressed therein are applicable to reviewing for any journal. PMID:20017649

Rutkowski, James L; Cairone, Joseph V

2009-01-01

334

How operational issues impact science peer review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In some eyes, the Phase I proposal selection process is the most important activity handled by the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI). Proposing for HST and other missions consists of requesting observing time and/or archival research funding. This step is called Phase I, where the scientific merit of a proposal is considered by a community based peer-review process. Accepted proposals then proceed thru Phase II, where the observations are specified in sufficient detail to enable scheduling on the telescope. Each cycle the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Telescope Allocation Committee (TAC) reviews proposals and awards observing time that is valued at $0.5B, when the total expenditures for HST over its lifetime are figured on an annual basis. This is in fact a very important endeavor that we continue to fine-tune and tweak. This process is open to the science community and we constantly receive comments and praise for this process. In this last year we have had to deal with the loss of the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS) and move from 3-gyro operations to 2-gyro operations. This paper will outline how operational issues impact the HST science peer review process. We will discuss the process that was used to recover from the loss of the STIS instrument and how we dealt with the loss of 1/3 of the current science observations. We will also discuss the issues relating to 3-gyro vs. 2-gyro operations and how that changes impacted Proposers, our in-house processing and the TAC.

Blacker, Brett S.; Golombek, Daniel; Macchetto, Duccio

2006-07-01

335

Hints and Tips for Addressing Accommodations Issues for Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A peer review process is used by the U.S. Department of Education to determine whether states are meeting requirements for funds that they receive. Starting in 2004, a peer review process was initiated on states' standards and assessments. Several of the criteria attend to accommodations and their effects. This report summarizes the key…

Christensen, Laurene L.; Lail, Kathryn E.; Thurlow, Martha L.

2007-01-01

336

Inspectors General: Department of Defense IG Peer Reviews.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This reports responds to the request for information about the peer reviews of the Department of Defense Inspector General (DOD IG). A peer review, known as an external quality control review, is required by Government Auditing Standards 1 to be performed...

2001-01-01

337

Training Effects on Computer-Mediated Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The interactive functions of weblogs facilitate computer-mediated peer reviews for collaborative writing. As limited research has been conducted on examining the training effects of peer reviews on students' peer comments, their revision quality, and their perceptions when composing in weblogs, the present case study aims to fill the gap. Thirteen…

Liou, Hsien-Chin; Peng, Zhong-Yan

2009-01-01

338

Enhancing Teaching Quality through Peer Review of Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the introduction of peer review of teaching in a pre-1992 university in England. The paper first considers the theoretical dimensions. Peer review of teaching is generally seen as a quality enhancement rather than a quality assurance instrument and a powerful means of encouraging the continuing professional development of…

Lomas, Laurie; Nicholls, Gill

2005-01-01

339

A Reciprocal Peer Review System to Support College Students' Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As students' problem-solving processes in writing are rarely observed in face-to-face instruction, they have few opportunities to participate collaboratively in peer review to improve their texts. This study reports the design of a reciprocal peer review system for students to observe and learn from each other when writing. A sample of 95…

Yang, Yu-Fen

2011-01-01

340

Peer Review Improves the Quality of MCQ Examinations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to assess the effect of the introduction of peer review processes on the quality of multiple-choice examinations in the first three years of an Australian medical course. The impact of the peer review process and overall quality assurance (QA) processes were evaluated by comparing the examination data generated in earlier…

Malau-Aduli, Bunmi S.; Zimitat, Craig

2012-01-01

341

Peer Review in the National Science Foundation: Phase II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A two part study was conducted to determine if the peer review system of proposals to the National Science Foundation (NSF) operates fairly and if changes are warranted. Part I (reported in ED 167376) extensively described the peer review process and indicated that it is indeed equitable. Phase II, summarized, investigated the issue further by…

Cole, Jonathan R.; Cole, Stephen

342

The Multiple Faces of Peer Review in Science Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

I use autobiographical narratives to describe and analyse my involvement in peer review activities in science education and to illustrate their historical, social and cultural constitution. I explore ways in which peer review and science education have interrelated in 30-plus years in which I have been a science educator. I employ cultural sociology and activity theory to identify patterns of

Kenneth Tobin

2002-01-01

343

Collaborative Learning through Formative Peer Review: Pedagogy, Programs and Potential  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We examine student peer review, with an emphasis on formative practice and collaborative learning, rather than peer grading. Opportunities to engage students in such formative peer assessment are growing, as a range of online tools become available to manage and simplify the process of administering student peer review. We consider whether…

Sondergaard, Harald; Mulder, Raoul A.

2012-01-01

344

Justice Policy Journal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A publication of the Center on Juvenile & Criminal Justice, the Justice Policy Journal is an âÂÂinternational forum for researchers and policymakers to examine current justice issues and promote innovative policy solutions in a Web-based format that maintains the standards of an academic publication.â Every peer-reviewed article is available for free, and by clicking on the Archives link, visitors can access all articles published in the journal since the first volume from August 2001. Topics range from the rehabilitation of juvenile offenders through technology literacy programs, to the psychological aspects of living as an ex-convict, to police entrapment. This trusted resource would be very helpful to students planning a career in criminal justice and for educators to keep abreast of current criminal justice issues and research.

Shelden, Randall G., 1943-; Macallair, Daniel

2007-03-09

345

Women and Feminism in Technical CommunicationA Qualitative Content Analysis of Journal Articles Published in 1989 through 1997  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative content analysis identifies 40 articles about women and feminism published in five technical communication journals in a period of nine years, beginning with the publication of Mary Lay's award-winning “Interpersonal Conflict in Collaborative Writing” in 1989. Along with numeric trends about the frequency of articles about women and feminism in technical communication journals, this study also identifies major

ISABELLE THOMPSON

1999-01-01

346

Do Women Publish Fewer Journal Articles than Men? Sex Differences in Publication Productivity in the Social Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines whether women and men publish journal articles at a level comparable with their representation within the social sciences. The paper also explores sex differences in patterns of single authorship and co-authorship. To do so, demographic data of the UK social sciences is compared with a sample of UK-authored journal articles.…

Bird, Karen Schucan

2011-01-01

347

Public Peer-Review: effectiveness and perspectives of transparency and self-regulation in scientific quality assurance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The traditional ways of scholarly publishing and peer-review do not live up to the needs of efficient communication and quality assurance in today's rapidly developing and highly diverse world of science. Substantial improvement can be achieved by an open access two-stage publication process with interactive peer-review and public discussion. It enables rapid publication and dissemination of new results in discussion papers followed by thorough and transparent peer-review which is open for input from the scientific community (permanently archived and fully citable), and it leads to final revised papers with maximum quality assurance and information density. This approach has been successfully realized and applied in a series of interactive open access journals launched and operated by EGU and the professional publisher Copernicus since 2001. The aims, achievements and perspectives of the EGU interactive open access journals and the perspectives of interactive open access publishing and public peer-review will be outlined and discussed. Reference: U. Pöschl, Interactive journal concept for improved scientific publishing and quality assurance, Learned Publishing, 17, 105-113, 2004.

Pöschl, Ulrich

2010-05-01

348

The association between a journal's source of revenue and the drug recommendations made in the articles it publishes  

PubMed Central

Background There is evidence to suggest that pharmaceutical companies influence the publication and content of research papers. Most German physicians rely on journals for their continuing medical education. We studied the influence of pharmaceutical advertising on the drug recommendations made in articles published in 11 German journals that focus on continuing medical education. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study of all of the issues of 11 journals published in 2007. Only journals frequently read by general practitioners were chosen. Issues were screened for pharmaceutical advertisements and recommendations made in the editorial content for a specified selection of drugs. Each journal was rated on a five-point scale according to the strength with which it either recommended or discouraged the use of these drugs. We looked for differences in these ratings between free journals (i.e., those financed entirely by pharmaceutical advertising), journals with mixed sources of revenue and journals financed solely by subscription fees. The journals were also screened for the simultaneous appearance of advertisements and recommendations for the same drug within a certain period, which was adjusted for both journal and class of drug. Results We identified 313 issues containing at least one advertisement for the selected drugs and 412 articles in which drug recommendations were made. Free journals were more likely to recommend the specified drugs than journals with sources of revenue that were mixed or based solely on subscriptions. The simultaneous appearance of advertisements and recommendations for the same drug in the same issue of a journal showed an inconsistent association. Interpretation Free journals almost exclusively recommended the use of the specified drugs, whereas journals financed entirely with subscription fees tended to recommend against the use of the same drugs. Doctors should be aware of this bias in their use of material published in medical journals that focus on continuing medical education.

Becker, Annette; Dorter, Fatma; Eckhardt, Kirsten; Viniol, Annika; Baum, Erika; Kochen, Michael M.; Lexchin, Joel; Wegscheider, Karl; Donner-Banzhoff, Norbert

2011-01-01

349

Public accessibility of biomedical articles from PubMed Central reduces journal readership--retrospective cohort analysis.  

PubMed

Does PubMed Central--a government-run digital archive of biomedical articles--compete with scientific society journals? A longitudinal, retrospective cohort analysis of 13,223 articles (5999 treatment, 7224 control) published in 14 society-run biomedical research journals in nutrition, experimental biology, physiology, and radiology between February 2008 and January 2011 reveals a 21.4% reduction in full-text hypertext markup language (HTML) article downloads and a 13.8% reduction in portable document format (PDF) article downloads from the journals' websites when U.S. National Institutes of Health-sponsored articles (treatment) become freely available from the PubMed Central repository. In addition, the effect of PubMed Central on reducing PDF article downloads is increasing over time, growing at a rate of 1.6% per year. There was no longitudinal effect for full-text HTML downloads. While PubMed Central may be providing complementary access to readers traditionally underserved by scientific journals, the loss of article readership from the journal website may weaken the ability of the journal to build communities of interest around research papers, impede the communication of news and events to scientific society members and journal readers, and reduce the perceived value of the journal to institutional subscribers. PMID:23554455

Davis, Philip M

2013-04-03

350

Underrecognition of pathologist contributions to articles published in a major multidisciplinary medical journal.  

PubMed

The Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ) is a high-impact multidisciplinary medical journal. We have observed instances in which a pathology diagnosis, documented with gross or microscopic images, forms an integral part of a CMAJ article, but a pathologist is neither an author nor acknowledged as a contributor. To examine the hypothesis that pathologist contributions are underrecognized and/or underdocumented, we reviewed all CMAJ articles over a 6-year period (September 2003-2009), and correlated the use of pathology images with pathologist authorship or contribution. For each article containing pathology images, department affiliations of authors were determined, and acknowledgments were assessed. Although only 1.7% of articles contained pathology images, 47% (26/55) of these articles did not include a pathologist as either an author or a contributor. We conclude that important intellectual contributions of pathologists are underrecognized and suggest that the scientific credibility of pathology data is in doubt when pathologists do not take on full responsibility of authorship or are not acknowledged as contributors. PMID:23010702

Franko, Angela D; Wright, James R; Trotter, Martin J

2012-10-01

351

Scienti?c Peer Review: An Analysis of the Peer Review Process from the Perspective of Sociology of Science Theories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although a large number of studies have been published up to now on peer review in science, only few of them employ a theory-guided approach. Most of the studies fail to connect the empirical findings to theory. The few available theory-guided empirical studies are found predominantly in the older peer review research, which was strongly influenced by the more traditional

Lutz Bornmann

2008-01-01

352

34 CFR 350.52 - What is the composition of a peer review panel?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...52 What is the composition of a peer review panel? (a) The Secretary selects as members of a peer review panel scientists and other...information, or conferences, must be reviewed by a peer review panel that consists of a...

2013-07-01

353

Interactive Multimedia Electronic Journal of Computer-Enhanced Learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The peer-reviewed articles in Wake Forest University's Interactive Multimedia Electronic Journal of Computer-Enhanced Learning (IMEJ) concern themselves with "effective uses of technology in any and all disciplines within higher education." The articles also aim to take advantages of the web medium by allowing communication with the author(s) and by combining multimedia components with traditional text. Article titles include "Web-Based Practice Environments to Teach Mechanical Skills" and "Application of Interactive Web Tools in Teaching Redox Chemistry." This free first issue demonstrates the future of teaching as well as journals themselves.

354

BASK Presentations: Progress to Journal Publication.  

PubMed

Scientific conferences, such as the British Association for Surgery of the Knee (BASK) annual meeting, provide an important channel for the exchange of information between researchers. However, the ultimate means of disseminating research information is publication in a relevant peer-reviewed journal. The goal of this study was to follow up published abstracts in the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, British Volume supplement from the annual BASK conference and determine how many presented abstracts progressed to article publication in a peer-reviewed journal. Combined Google Scholar and PubMed searches of 602 BASK abstract titles over a 10-year period were performed, and the resulting articles were reviewed to confirm that they were directly associated with the corresponding abstracts. Two hundred (33.2%) abstracts presented at BASK conferences over a 10-year period were found in online or print format. This amount is comparable with other similar conferences' publication rates. Only one-third of abstracts presented at the BASK conference were converted to journal publication as full articles. This may be due to multiple rejections, lack of time, relocation of the authors, or a reluctance to publish negative findings. Alternatively, changes in an abstract's title for publication prevents online search engines from identifying the final article and may explain some disparity. Furthermore, presented abstracts may not survive the strict peer-review process required for journal publication. Because these findings from BASK mirror other specialty meetings, clinicians should accept the results of orthopedic meeting proceedings with some level of caution. PMID:24093702

Mihok, Peter; Worley, Samuel; Hassaballa, Mohammed; Punwar, Shahid; Porteous, Andrew; Murray, James

2013-10-01

355

Science, Politics, and Peer Review: An Editor’s Dilemma  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American Psychologist is the official journal of the American Psychological Association. As such, it is a valued outlet for articles dealing with reviews of current topics in psychology, policy issues, and critiques of current research. S. O. Lilienfeld submitted a manuscript to the journal that was accepted by the ad hoc action editor; however, the action editor’s decision was

Richard McCarty

2002-01-01

356

Nexus Journal: Architecture and Mathematics Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Nexus Network Journal is a peer-reviewed research journal on studies in architecture and mathematics. The publication, which comes out twice yearly, is divided into the following sections: Research Articles, Didactics, Geometer's Angle, Book and Article Reviews, Conference and Exhibit Reports, Virtual Library, Submission Guidelines, and Readers' Queries. Research articles address broad topics such as, "How Should We Study Architecture and Mathematics?" and more specific topics such as an analysis of Palladio's buildings. (Note that a few articles are in languages other than English.) The Didactics section includes articles on instructional issues and student projects related to studies of architecture and mathematics. The Geometer's Angle (TM) section includes musings of a featured "Geometer." Readers are invited to post queries and responses in the Readers' Queries section of the website. Orders placed for books through the Virtual Library help fund the Nexus Network Journal.

2007-03-02

357

'Initial Clinical Experience' articles are poorly cited and negatively affect the impact factor of the publishing journal: a review  

PubMed Central

Objectives The phrase ‘Initial Clinical Experience’ in a manuscript's title implies that the described technique offers promise of future clinical relevance. We assessed, using rates of subsequent citations, the actual academic relevance of such articles in comparison to articles not containing the phrase. Design We searched ISI database for articles that included the studied phrase in their titles between 1975 and 2009 and grouped the results by the related medical specialty. We excluded articles from journals with no available impact factor. For each identified article, we extracted number of included patients, citations/year, the average impact factor of the publishing journal over the last five years and the proportion of articles published in the same journal that garnered zero subsequent citations. Setting Retrospective review of a scientific database. Participants None Main outcome measures Citation rate Results Among a total of 982,127 articles published in 186 journals representing eight major publishing medical specialties, 531 (0.05%) were Initial Clinical Experience articles. Thirty percent of Initial Clinical Experience articles were never cited compared with 7% of the overall article volume (p < 0.0001). Citations/year for Initial Clinical Experience articles were significantly lower than the median impact factor (p < 0.0001). There was no correlation between citations and number of patients described in the Initial Clinical Experience articles (p = 0.61). Conclusions Initial Clinical Experience articles are cited less frequently than the average, especially in Cardiovascular, Radiology and Ophthalmology journals.

Ahmed, Ahmed T; Rezek, Issa; McDonald, Jennifer S; Kallmes, David F

2013-01-01

358

RANZCR 2006 peer review audit instrument.  

PubMed

The Royal Australian and New Zealand College Radiologists (RANZCR) continuing professional development programme incorporates audit with feedback as one important activity. The 2004 audit tool improves radiation oncologist practice quality; however, the instrument is designed to be regularly refined. To refine the 2004 audit tool and present the new instrument we incorporated comments and suggestions from: (i) the auditor and radiation oncologist from the single machine unit trial; (ii) members of RANZCR Post-Fellowship Education Committee; (iii) New South Wales Department of Health mandatory prescription requirements; and (iv) the International Atomic Energy Agency audit tool. In July 2006, the revised instrument was designed then endorsed by Post-Fellowship Education Committee. Important changes include: (i) combining criteria which separately scored documentation and correctness for similar items; (ii) scoring treatment schedule more explicitly; (iii) separating target volume coverage and critical structure dose; (iv) altering performance criteria scoring to be sensitive to peer review when no consensus can be reached; and (v) strengthening instructions for use and notes to improve comprehension and acceptance. The refined 2006 instrument should be more user-friendly while increasing its usefulness. PMID:18811766

Toohey, J; Shakespeare, T P; Morgan, G

2008-08-01

359

Alternatives to Peer Review: Novel Approaches for Research Evaluation  

PubMed Central

In this paper we review several novel approaches for research evaluation. We start with a brief overview of the peer review, its controversies, and metrics for assessing efficiency and overall quality of the peer review. We then discuss five approaches, including reputation-based ones, that come out of the research carried out by the LiquidPub project and research groups collaborated with LiquidPub. Those approaches are alternative or complementary to traditional peer review. We discuss pros and cons of the proposed approaches and conclude with a vision for the future of the research evaluation, arguing that no single system can suit all stakeholders in various communities.

Birukou, Aliaksandr; Wakeling, Joseph Rushton; Bartolini, Claudio; Casati, Fabio; Marchese, Maurizio; Mirylenka, Katsiaryna; Osman, Nardine; Ragone, Azzurra; Sierra, Carles; Wassef, Aalam

2011-01-01

360

The production of articles on cardiology from Latin America in Medline indexed journals.  

PubMed

Introduction: Latin America has dramatically increased the number of articles Publisher from 1995 to 2002, but the individual contribution of each country appears to be very unequal. Objectives: To analyze the production of articles on Cardiology research published in Latin American countries in the past years in international journals. Methods: A bibliography search was carried out throughout PubMed in regards to biomedical articles in general and on Cardiology in particular, corresponding to the period 1987 - 2006. Results: A total of 106 871 biomedical articles was identified, and 11 416 on Cardiology published between 1997 and 2006 by Latin American countries. This corresponds to 10.6% of articles on cardiovascular disease over the total. Brazil, Mexico and Argentina contributed with 80% of the publications in Latin America in the same period. The magnitude of growth since 1987 was between 5.9- and 15-fold for these countries. In regards to Brazil, since 1998 a significant increased number of publications was noted compared to Mexico and Argentina (P = 0.0001). The impact factor of the journals where each country published during 2006 showed that it was in average higher in the publications from Chile and Argentina compared to Brazil and Mexico (P <0.001). Conclusions: The scientific production in Cardiology from Latin America shows dramatic differences among the countries, and Brazil, Mexico, and Argentina alone provide 80% of the publications. Brazil seems to have led the region for 20 years, especially since 1998. From the quality of the articles point of view, considering the impact factor, Chile and Argentina appear to be better positioned. PMID:22188892

Borracci, Raúl A; Di Stéfano, María M; Voos Budal Arins, Marcel G; Calderón, José G E; Manente, Diego; Giorgi, Mariano A; Piñeiro, Daniel J; Dones, Wistremundo

2011-10-01

361

Citation analysis of Minnesota Department of Health official publications and journal articles: a needs assessment for the RN Barr Library*  

PubMed Central

Objective: The paper describes the information needs of a state public health agency, compares needs to its library's collection, and evaluates collection development policy accordingly. Methods: A citation analysis of journal articles authored by Minnesota Department of Health staff as well as official publications from 2002 to 2004 was conducted. Fifty-six publications fitting the criteria for inclusion in the study were identified using PubMed and library records. Information on each cited reference was recorded, including reference type, relative age of citation, and journal name, if applicable. The library's collection and collection development policies were analyzed in regard to the results. Results: As expected, journals were the most heavily cited format: 63% (n = 897) of all citations were to journal articles. Most cited materials were between 2 and 5 years old. The 897 journal citations represented 265 different journals. The top 10 cited journals (4% of all titles) accounted for 36% (n = 320) of all citations; 62% (n = 320) of journals were cited only once. Of the total journals cited, the library subscribed to 70% (n = 627). Discussion: Overall, no large gaps appeared in the RN Barr Library's journal collection. The analysis confirms that the library's collections budget for serials and books reflects the cited use of these materials.

Rethlefsen, Melissa L.

2007-01-01

362

Digital Journal of Ophthalmology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Digital Journal of Ophthalmology (DJO) is a peer reviewed journal based at Harvard University designed to serve as "a valuable resource for ophthalmologists, other health care providers, vision scientists, and patients throughout the world." On the site's homepage, visitor can look over Grand Rounds, Original Articles, and Case Reports. The Grand Rounds area brings together reports from the world of ophthalmology, which can be most useful to those in the field. The site also contains a range of editorials, and visitors are encouraged to register with the DJO to receive personalized updates. The Knowledge Review section provides a series of quizzes for ophthalmologists on relevant topics such as glaucoma or pathology. Finally, the Patient Information area contains materials for laypeople on topics such as laser vision correction.

2012-01-01

363

Articles on Mass Communication in U.S. and Foreign Journals: A Selected Annotated Bibliography--January, February, March 1980.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lists and annotates more than 250 articles on mass communication, grouped according to topic. Topics include advertising, audience and communicator analysis, broadcasting, community journalism, courts and law, criticism and defense of media, education for journalism, history and biography, international, management, public relations, visual…

McKerns, Joseph P.; Delahaye, Alfred N.

1980-01-01

364

The level of non-citation of articles within a journal as a measure of quality: a comparison to the impact factor  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Current methods of measuring the quality of journals assume that citations of articles within journals are normally distributed. Furthermore using journal impact factors to measure the quality of individual articles is flawed if citations are not uniformly spread between articles. The aim of this study was to assess the distribution of citations to articles and use the level of

Andy R Weale; Mick Bailey; Paul A Lear

2004-01-01

365

New journal: Algorithms for Molecular Biology.  

PubMed

This editorial announces Algorithms for Molecular Biology, a new online open access journal published by BioMed Central. By launching the first open access journal on algorithmic bioinformatics, we provide a forum for fast publication of high-quality research articles in this rapidly evolving field. Our journal will publish thoroughly peer-reviewed papers without length limitations covering all aspects of algorithmic data analysis in computational biology. Publications in Algorithms for Molecular Biology are easy to find, highly visible and tracked by organisations such as PubMed. An established online submission system makes a fast reviewing procedure possible and enables us to publish accepted papers without delay. All articles published in our journal are permanently archived by PubMed Central and other scientific archives. We are looking forward to receiving your contributions. PMID:16722576

Morgenstern, Burkhard; Stadler, Peter F

2006-02-28

366

7 CFR 3415.11 - Composition of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.11 Composition of...

2013-01-01

367

[Participation in health: systematization of the articles published in Brazilian journals--1988/2005].  

PubMed

This is a study involving the revision of 107 papers on participation in health, published in 25 Public Health journals, with a view to systematize its main focus points and identify the options for the participation of society in the health system. Bibliographic research was conducted using key words, and the reading of abstracts of articles published in national public health journals linked to the CAPES portal between 1988 and 2005. The articles selected were read and categorized according to methodological and thematic aspects. Three dimensions were identified: the main dimension emphasizes participation as a strategy for the enhancing of citizenship and recognition of the right to health; the second refers to participation as a strategy for democratization of the State and strengthening of the health system, including participation in political, managerial and inspection decisions; in the third dimension of community participation, individuals, families and the community share the responsibility for health with the State. In the works examined the participation in the health system is still in progress and highlights its importance as an incentive for social capital; however, some authors point to difficulties for effective participation in accordance with legal propositions. PMID:22872343

Cavalcanti, Maria de Lourdes Tavares; Cabral, Marta Henriques de Pina; Antunes, Ludmila Rodrigues

2012-07-01

368

The academic welfare state: making peer-review count.  

PubMed

The peer-review process is a central pillar of academic publishing. However, the work that goes into ensuring the quality of published content is rarely recognised. Here we present a correction factor for the h-index, one of the most popular metrics for quantifying academic output, that will allow for the inclusion of peer-review effort in the evaluation of the outputs produced by an academic. PMID:23932409

Veríssimo, Diogo; Roberts, David L

2013-08-08

369

Articles on Mass Communication in U.S. and Foreign Journals: A Selected Annotated Bibliography--July, August, September 1979.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lists and annotates more than 200 articles on mass communication, grouped according to topic. Topics include advertising, broadcasting, courts and law, journalism education, history and biography, international, public relations, visual communication, and women and media. (GT)|

Delahaye, Alfred N.; McKerns, Joseph P.

1979-01-01

370

Articles on Mass Communication in U.S. and Foreign Journals: A Selected Annotated Bibliography--October, November, December 1978.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lists and annotates more than 200 articles on mass communication, grouped according to topic. Topics include advertising, broadcasting, courts and law, education for journalism, international, management, public relations, and visual communications. (GT)|

McKerns, Joseph P.; Delahaye, Alfred N.

1979-01-01

371

Articles on Mass Communication in U.S. and Foreign Journals: A Selected Annotated Bibliography--April, May, June 1979.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lists and annotates 200 articles on mass communication, grouped according to topic. Topics include advertising, audience and communicator analysis, broadcasting, courts and law, education for journalism, government and media, international, management, public relations, and visual communication. (GT)|

McKerns, Joseph P.; Delahaye, Alfred N.

1979-01-01

372

Articles on Mass Communication in U.S. and Foreign Journals: A Selected Annotated Bibliography, April, May, June 1978.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lists and annotates more than 200 articles on mass communication, grouped according to topic. Topics include advertising, broadcasting, courts and law, criticism and defense of media, journalism education, history and biography, foreign countries, public relations, and technology. (GW)|

McKerns, Joseph P.; Delahaye, Alfred N.

1978-01-01

373

The characteristics of peer reviewers who produce good-quality reviews  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the characteristics of good peer reviewers.Design: Cross-sectional analysis of data gathered during a randomized controlled trial.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Setting: The Journal of General Internal Medicine.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Participants: 226 reviewers of 131 consecutively submitted manuscripts of original research. 201 (91%) completed the review and submitted\\u000a a curriculum vitae.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Measurements and main results: The quality of each review was judged on a

Arthur T. Evans; Robert A. Mcnutt; Suzanne W. Fletcher; Robert H. Fletcher

1993-01-01

374

Profile of Journal of Dentistry for Children and Pediatric Dentistry Journal articles by evidence typology: thirty-year time trends (1969-1998) and implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: This study was performed to assess the profile of Jour- nal of Dentistry for Children and Pediatric Dentistry journal articles by evidence typology and measure their changes over a thirty-year period (1969-1998). Methods: All issues of both journals during the study period (1969-98) were manually reviewed. The publications were ranked by the quality of the evidence. Editorials, letters to

S. M. Hashim Nainar

375

Protecting Peer-review: Correspondence Chronology and Ethical Analysis Regarding Logothetis vs. Shmuel and Leopold  

PubMed Central

Editors of scientific journals are ethically bound to provide a fair and impartial peer-review process and to protect the rights of contributing authors to publish research results. If, however, a dispute arises among investigators regarding data ownership and the right to publish, the ethical responsibilities of journal editors become more complex. The editors of Human Brain Mapping recently had the unusual experience of learning of an ongoing dispute regarding data-access rights pertaining to a manuscript already accepted for publication. Herein the editors describe the nature of the dispute, the steps taken to explore and resolve the conflict, and discuss the ethical principles that govern such circumstances. Drawing on this experience and with the goal of avoiding future controversies, the editors have formulated a Data Rights Policy and a Data Rights Procedure for Human Brain Mapping. Human Brain Mapping adopts this policy effective immediately and respectfully suggests that other journals consider adopting this or similar policies.

Fox, Peter T.; Bullmore, Ed; Bandettini, Peter A.; Lancaster, Jack L.

2009-01-01

376

Exploring the Peer Review Process: What is it, Does it Work, and Can it Be Improved?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though peer review is central to science, the process itself has received little formal evaluation. Here we provide an Overview to the literature on the peer-review process. Peer review has its drawbacks, including financial cost, time, reliability, and potential biases. An important gap in our knowledge is whether the process works. Although most manuscripts show some improvement after peer review,

Dennis R. De Vries; Elizabeth A. Marschall; Roy A. Stein

2009-01-01

377

The Paradox of Peer Review: Admitting too Much or Allowing too Little?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review – the means by which one's equals assess the quality of one's scholarly work – has been used to determine academic merit for more than three centuries. Although the results of academic peer reviews are frequently challenged, peer review continues to be a commonplace of academic life. In the present scholarship climate, challenges to peer review come primarily

Margaret Eisenhart

2002-01-01

378

The Role of Peer Review in the Foundation Design of the World's Tallest Buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the authors' views based on experiences on the role of peer review in the cost effective foundation design of very tall buildings. Different types of peer review and possible scopes are described along with relevant recommendations. The reasons for hiring a peer reviewer and the advantage of having the peer reviewer involved from the beginning at the

Clyde N. Baker; Tony A. Kiefer; Steven W. Nicoson; Khaldoun Fahoum

379

[Comment on ``Implementing the peer review process in AGU publications'' and on ``The peer review process in JGR-Space Physics''] GRL peer review process  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent publication in Eos of communications from P. J. Baum and A. J. Dessler (October 23, 1984, p. 770) and B. Ü. O. Sonnerup (December 25, 1984, p. 1242) about the peer review process has stimulated us to contribute to the discussion this statement of the editorial philosophy and practice of Geophysical Research Letters (GRL). GRL is, of course,

James C. G. Walker; Rob van der Voo

1985-01-01

380

How do reviewers affect the final outcome? Comparison of the quality of peer review and relative acceptance rates of submitted manuscripts.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to clarify how peer reviewers affect the relative rate of acceptance of manuscripts submitted to AJR: American Journal of Roentgenology. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Manuscript peer reviews for AJR are evaluated and rated by the journal editors on a scale from 1 (lowest) to 4 (highest). These scores are subjective; they are not based on well-defined criteria and are not specifically defined other than as review quality. We obtained all peer review performance scores for the six main types of manuscripts received by AJR as initial submissions (as opposed to revisions) over 5 years and categorized the manuscripts into four groups based on the peer review performance score (not the manuscript rating). Statistical analysis included evaluation of differences in the relative acceptance rates of the manuscripts among the four groups. RESULTS. The relative acceptance rates of manuscripts in the lower review performance score groups (scores 1, 2, and 3) were significantly higher than those of the highest review score group (score 4) for Original Research (p = 0.036, p < 0.0001, p < 0.0001) and Pictorial Essay (all p < 0.0001, except for score 3) manuscripts. CONCLUSION. There was correlation between the quality of peer review performance and the relative acceptance rate of the manuscripts. It is important for AJR to retain highly rated reviewers to maintain its high publishing standards. PMID:23971437

Kurihara, Yasuyuki; Colletti, Patrick M

2013-09-01

381

How Electronic Full Text Journals Impact Interlibrary Loan Article Requests at a Small, Liberal Arts University  

Microsoft Academic Search

In academic libraries today, many journals are accessible as full text via various databases or direct subscriptions. The number of journals available in this format generally rises each year, and this growth inevitably changes patterns of academic library use. Many librarians wonder if the increasing availability of electronic full text journals will decrease or even eliminate the need for interlibrary

V. Renee Rheiner

2008-01-01

382

Interventions for Learning Disabilities: Does a Journal-Based Change in Focus and Article Type Reflect or Influence Legal Mandates?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We investigated whether there was a noticeable shift in focus from general to specific learning disabilities, and in the types of articles (narrative or empirically based) in the Journal of Learning Disabilities (JLD) between 1995 to 2000. A pilot study had revealed an increase in empirically based articles and a shift toward specifically…

McCleary, Daniel F.; Rowlette, Emily Fuller; Pelchar, Taylor K.; Bain, Sherry K.

2013-01-01

383

Articles Published in Four School Psychology Journals from 2000 to 2005: An Analysis of Experimental/Intervention Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using an experimenter-developed system, articles from four school psychology journals for the years 2000-2005 (n = 929) were classified. Results showed that 40% of the articles were narrative, 29% correlational, 16% descriptive, 8% causal-experimental, 4% causal-comparative, and 2% were meta-analytic. Further analysis of the causal-experimental…

Bliss, Stacy L.; Skinner, Christopher H.; Hautau, Briana; Carroll, Erin E.

2008-01-01

384

A Content and Sample Analysis of Quantitative Articles Published in the "Journal of Counseling & Development" between 1991 and 2000  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reviewed the content of articles and characteristics of samples in all quantitative articles published in the "Journal of Counseling & Development" between 1991 and 2000. The content analysis revealed that the areas that received the most attention were academic/career, multicultural issues, symptoms/disorders, and counseling process.…

Nilsson, Johanna E.; Love, Keisha M.; Taylor, Kathryn J.; Slusher, Anita L.

2007-01-01

385

A Content and Sample Analysis of Quantitative Articles Published in the "Journal of Counseling & Development" between 1991 and 2000  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study reviewed the content of articles and characteristics of samples in all quantitative articles published in the "Journal of Counseling & Development" between 1991 and 2000. The content analysis revealed that the areas that received the most attention were academic/career, multicultural issues, symptoms/disorders, and counseling process.…

Nilsson, Johanna E.; Love, Keisha M.; Taylor, Kathryn J.; Slusher, Anita L.

2007-01-01

386

Does mentoring new peer reviewers improve review quality? A randomized trial  

PubMed Central

Background Prior efforts to train medical journal peer reviewers have not improved subsequent review quality, although such interventions were general and brief. We hypothesized that a manuscript-specific and more extended intervention pairing new reviewers with high-quality senior reviewers as mentors would improve subsequent review quality. Methods Over a four-year period we randomly assigned all new reviewers for Annals of Emergency Medicine to receive our standard written informational materials alone, or these materials plus a new mentoring intervention. For this program we paired new reviewers with a high-quality senior reviewer for each of their first three manuscript reviews, and asked mentees to discuss their review with their mentor by email or phone. We then compared the quality of subsequent reviews between the control and intervention groups, using linear mixed effects models of the slopes of review quality scores over time. Results We studied 490 manuscript reviews, with similar baseline characteristics between the 24 mentees who completed the trial and the 22 control reviewers. Mean quality scores for the first 3 reviews on our 1 to 5 point scale were similar between control and mentee groups (3.4 versus 3.5), as were slopes of change of review scores (-0.229 versus -0.549) and all other secondary measures of reviewer performance. Conclusions A structured training intervention of pairing newly recruited medical journal peer reviewers with senior reviewer mentors did not improve the quality of their subsequent reviews.

2012-01-01

387

AN ANALYSIS OF THE MOST INFLUENTIAL ARTICLES PUBLISHED IN TOURISM JOURNALS FROM 2000 TO 2007: A GOOGLE SCHOLAR APPROACH  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research note reports a study that analyzed the 100 most influential articles, which is operationalized as the most cited publications published in tourism journals from 2000 to 2007. A Google Scholar?based software system was developed in Java to retrieve the citation information. The empirical findings show that 10.16% of the citations were from Institute for Scientific Information?listed (ISI) journals,

Rob Law; Qiang Ye; Wei Chen; Rosanna Leung

2009-01-01

388

The Journal for MultiMedia History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of History at the State University of New York at Albany has recently released the inaugural issue of The Journal for MultiMedia History, "the first peer-reviewed electronic journal that presents, evaluates, and disseminates multimedia scholarship." This new journal is an ambitious and much-welcomed departure from traditional academic historical publishing. The first issue explores three different intersections of multimedia and history scholarship and pedagogy. The feature articles, scholarly and engaging in themselves, make full use of the format by including numerous images and RealPlayer audio selections. The second section includes two articles exploring the impact and potential of the Internet in the history classroom, offering numerous links to examples. The third section of the issue consists of detailed and illustrated reviews of multimedia resources from the Internet, film, and video. Finally, the issue offers a selective collection of annotated links to related sites.

389

Impact of Article Language in Multi-Language Medical Journals - a Bibliometric Analysis of Self-Citations and Impact Factor  

PubMed Central

Background In times of globalization there is an increasing use of English in the medical literature. The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of English-language articles in multi-language medical journals on their international recognition – as measured by a lower rate of self-citations and higher impact factor (IF). Methods and Findings We analyzed publications in multi-language journals in 2008 and 2009 using the Web of Science (WoS) of Thomson Reuters (former Institute of Scientific Information) and PubMed as sources of information. The proportion of English-language articles during the period was compared with both the share of self-citations in the year 2010 and the IF with and without self-citations. Multivariable linear regression analysis was performed to analyze these factors as well as the influence of the journals‘ countries of origin and of the other language(s) used in publications besides English. We identified 168 multi-language journals that were listed in WoS as well as in PubMed and met our criteria. We found a significant positive correlation of the share of English articles in 2008 and 2009 with the IF calculated without self-citations (Pearson r=0.56, p = <0.0001), a correlation with the overall IF (Pearson r = 0.47, p = <0.0001) and with the cites to years of IF calculation (Pearson r = 0.34, p = <0.0001), and a weak negative correlation with the share of self-citations (Pearson r = -0.2, p = 0.009). The IF without self-citations also correlated with the journal‘s country of origin – North American journals had a higher IF compared to Middle and South American or European journals. Conclusion Our findings suggest that a larger share of English articles in multi-language medical journals is associated with greater international recognition. Fewer self-citations were found in multi-language journals with a greater share of original articles in English.

Diekhoff, Torsten; Schlattmann, Peter; Dewey, Marc

2013-01-01

390

AN ANALYTICAL METHOD FOR THE MEASUREMENT OF NONVIABLE BIOAEROSOLS: JOURNAL ARTICLE  

EPA Science Inventory

NRMRL-RTP-P-526a Menetrez*, M.Y., Foarde, K.K., and Ensor, D.S. An Anilytical Method for the Measurement of Nonviable Bioaerosols. Journal of Air and Waste Management Association (Air and Waste Management Association) 51:1436-1442 (2001). EPA/600/J-01/344, Available: Journal of ...

391

Perceptions of Value and Value Beyond Perceptions: Measuring the Quality and Value of Journal Article Readings  

Microsoft Academic Search

When measuring quality and value of journals, what is being measured, to whom does the value accrue, and why the measurement is being done must be considered. Both implicit and explicit measures of quality and value are possible. Preliminary results of ongoing readership research show that academic library e-journal collections have both purchase and use value to academic faculty. They

Carol Tenopir; Donald W. King

2007-01-01

392

QA REVIEWS: HOW THEY DIFFER FROM PEER REVIEWS  

EPA Science Inventory

Research papers and reports written by scientists and engineers in the United States Environmental Protection Agency are reviewed by the agency's quality assurance staff. EPA papers and reports are subjected to peer reviews that check for the validity of conclusions and the gener...

393

Peer Review of the Waste Package Material Performance Interim Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the request of the U.S. Department of Energy, Bechtel SAIC Company, LLC, formed the Waste Package Materials Performance Peer Review Panel (the Panel) to review the technical basis for evaluating the long-term performance of waste package materials in a proposed repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. This is the interim report of the Panel; a final report will be issued

J. A. Beavers; Jr. T. M. Devine; G. S. Frankel; R. H. Jones; R. G. Kelly; R. M. Latanision; J. H. Payer

2001-01-01

394

Basic philosophy and concepts underlying scientific peer review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The peer review system does not always detect fraud, plagiarism, poor quality or gross error and there is editorial reluctance to correct errors or to publish criticisms of sacred cows or ‘controversial’ or nonconformist views of sceptics and dissident minorities. Mediocrity is thereby perpetuated, with highly innovative science stifled by the conflict of interest and reviewer shortcomings underlying the review

W. E. Stehbens

1999-01-01

395

Building an Ethics in Computing Website Using Peer Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

An Ethics in Computing Website covering almost 100 topics has been developed using peer- reviewed student contributions. Students in the author's one-credit Ethics in Computing course select a topic to research from a list provided by the instructor, or propose a topic of their own choosing. Their contributions are then reviewed, and ultimately graded, by three other students taking the

Edward F. Gehringer

2001-01-01

396

Peer Reviewers' Dilemmas: Values Antinomies when Evaluating Higher Education Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Whenever evaluations are done, there are antinomies of interests both within and between stakeholders. To account for such antinomies, taxonomy has been developed which will be presented and discussed using the peer review processes in university evaluations as example. The taxonomy contains four dimensions: a) seven values domains are…

Patry, Jean-Luc; Gastager, Angela

2012-01-01

397

NIH Mulls Ways to Lure Back Veteran Peer Reviewers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Not long ago, academic scientists welcomed calls from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) asking them to volunteer as peer reviewers. Many were glad for the opportunity to help distribute billions of dollars in federal biomedical-research grants even though the service required a big time commitment--the equivalent of one month a year to…

Brainard, Jeffrey

2008-01-01

398

Teaching Undergraduates the Process of Peer Review: Learning by Doing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An active approach allowed undergraduates in Health Sciences to learn the dynamics of peer review at first hand. A four-stage process was used. In "stage 1", students formed self-selected groups to explore specific issues. In "stage 2", each group posted their interim reports online on a specific date. Each student read all the other reports and…

Rangachari, P. K.

2010-01-01

399

Independent peer review of nuclear safety computer codes  

SciTech Connect

A structured process of independent computer code peer review has been developed to assist the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the US Department of Energy in their nuclear safety missions. This paper focuses on the process that evolved during recent reviews of NRC codes.

Boyack, B.E.; Jenks, R.P.

1993-02-01

400

Independent peer review of nuclear safety computer codes  

SciTech Connect

A structured process of independent computer code peer review has been developed to assist the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the US Department of Energy in their nuclear safety missions. This paper focuses on the process that evolved during recent reviews of NRC codes.

Boyack, B.E.; Jenks, R.P.

1993-01-01

401

In Brief: Carbon Sequestration Partnerships; Review of Peer Reviews  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. Department of Energy named seven regional partnerships on 16 August to study the best methods for the non-biological sequestration of carbon in different parts of the country.Peer review guidelines for science issued by the federal government which is related to regulatory topics could be tightened up under a 29 August White House proposal.

Showstack, Randy

402

Whither "Peer Review"? Terminology Matters for the Writing Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In two-year college writing classrooms and beyond, peer review is one of the most widely used tools for helping students improve their writing. Despite its widespread usage, however, it is one of the most diffuse, inconsistent, and ambiguous practices associated with writing instruction. This essay aims to explore the widely varying terminology…

Armstrong, Sonya L; Paulson, Eric J.

2008-01-01

403

The peer review of teaching: Progress, issues and prospects  

Microsoft Academic Search

As campuses search for ways to raise the level of attention to teaching, the peer review of teaching offers distinct advantages, especially for faculty eager to overcome the isolation of the classroom and to collaborate on improvement. But it presents a number of challenges as well, both political and methodological, and presumes significantly different roles for faculty in ensuring and

Patricia Hutchings

1996-01-01

404

Constructing the Components of a Lab Report Using Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A protocol that emphasizes lab report writing using a piecemeal approach coupled with peer review is described. As the lab course progresses, the focus of the report writing changes sequentially through the abstract and introduction, the discussion, and the procedure. Two styles of lab programs are presented. One style rotates the students through…

Berry, David E.; Fawkes, Kelli L.

2010-01-01

405

Peer Review from the Students' Perspective: Invaluable or Invalid?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Only a few instances of empirical research examine what the students themselves think of their participation in peer review. Perhaps because peer response is practically instinctive to those who teach writing, few have felt the need to study the student perspective. Instead, studies have focused on the quality of peer comments, their effect on the…

Brammer, Charlotte; Rees, Mary

2007-01-01

406

Peer Review and Evaluation of the Intellectual Work of Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Institutional surveys of student opinion emerged out of the turmoil of the late 1960s. Never intended to serve as professional evaluations, the surveys were the only tangible evidence of teaching effectiveness until some faculty opened their classrooms for observation by chairs and colleagues. Historically, the "peer review of teaching" has…

Bernstein, Daniel J.

2008-01-01

407

A Peer Review Process for Games and Software  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A peer-review process for assessing the contribution of artifacts, such as games and software to research, is proposed. Games and software produced as research output by academics tend to be accredited within their institution through discussion of the artifact, rather than directly. An independent judgment by peers confirming an artifact's…

Mallon, Bride

2008-01-01

408

Five Steps to Becoming a Better Peer Reviewer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education faculty's teaching-related activities are often evaluated either for summative (personnel/tenure decisions) or formative (developmental) purposes. Although many faculty members feel they benefit from thoughtful attention to their teaching, other faculty find the peer-review process intimidating, meaningless, or both. The author…

Carter, Vicki K.

2008-01-01

409

Teacher Immediacy: Reflections on a Peer Review of Teaching Scheme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a qualitative approach drawing on the experiences of four HE lecturers, this study provides an exploration of and insights into a peer review of teaching (PRT) scheme, which focused on teacher immediacy and communication skills. Within the United Kingdom, limited research has been undertaken in relation to teacher immediacy even though…

Nixon, Sarah; Vickerman, Philip; Maynard, Carol

2010-01-01

410

Facilitating Improved Writing among Students through Directed Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study contributes to scant empirical investigation of peer critique of writing among heterogeneously grouped native and nonnative speakers of English, now commonplace in higher education. This mixed-methods study investigated the use of directed peer review to improve writing among graduate students, the majority of whom were nonnative…

Crossman, Joanne M.; Kite, Stacey L.

2012-01-01

411

Peer Reviewing Preservice Teachers of Christian Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the contributions peer review makes to the formation of preservice teachers of religious education within the context of Christian higher education. The participants were postgraduate students undertaking a preservice teacher training course at Australian Catholic University, Australia (Melbourne campus). Those training to…

Buchanan, Michael T.

2011-01-01

412

Incorporating student peer review and feedback into the assessment process  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper provides a detailed discussion of the design, application, and results of a computer-based approach used to solicit student self and peer assessment and feedback on nine learning outcomes linked to ABET 2000. Several issues are addressed including: the efficacy of student self and peer review, correlation with faculty ratings, faculty and student acceptance, and process management

Jack McGourty; Peter Dominick; Richard R. Reilly

1998-01-01

413

Reviewer Stances and Writer Perceptions in EFL Peer Review Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has shown that reviewers' stances can impact the efficacy of peer response/review and subsequent revision. The purpose of this classroom-based study was to compare reviewer stances and writer perceptions of/and attitudes toward these stances prior to and after peer review training in an EFL writing class. Eighteen intermediate EFL writers…

Min, Hui-Tzu

2008-01-01

414

“Terms and conditions of use” for journal articles and scholarly journals : A survey on the licensing processes associated with electronic scholarly materials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Copyright policies and terms directly affect the approach taken by journal editors, authors and readers regarding dealing with of articles and/or copyrighted materials. However Japanese academic society publishers have some trouble in licensing processes for copyrighted materials as previous studies pointed out. In 2011 we conducted a survey on “terms and conditions of use” of electronic journal and the licensing practices associated with electronic scholarly materials. The survey showed commercial publishers have enough announcements on reuse of copyrighted materials for readers. On the other hand Japanese academic societies' cares for readers tend to not enough. They publish journals both in Japanese and in English. Subsequently, English and Japanese templates of “terms and conditions of use” for Japanese academic society publishers were proposed. The templates were developed based on an understanding of the International Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical Publishers' “STM Permissions Guidelines,” which were designed to establish a standard and reasonable approach to granting permission for republication to all signatory publishers.The survey showed that Japanese academic society publishers and commercial publishers are facing the same issues regarding acceptable use of electronic supplemental materials for journal articles. This issue remains to be solved.

Hidaka, Masako

415

Women and Feminism in Technical Communication: A Qualitative Content Analysis of Journal Articles Published in 1989 through 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies 40 articles about women and feminism published in five technical communication journals in a period of nine years. Notes major themes, all concerning inclusion. Concludes that although research about women and feminism has been accepted as part of the scholarly purview of technical communication, the ways in which this research has…

Thompson, Isabelle

1999-01-01

416

A Meta-Study of "Journal of College Counseling" ("JCC") Author and Article Publication Characteristics from 1998 to 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Patterns of articles accepted for publication in the "Journal of College Counseling" from the past 12 years were reviewed in this metastudy. Results were described and statistically analyzed to identify trends over time in characteristics of authors, including sex, institutional classifications, employment setting, and domicile, and…

Byrd, Rebekah; Crockett, Stephanie A.; Erford, Bradley T.

2012-01-01

417

The Evolutionary Nature of Genre: An Investigation of the Short Texts Accompanying Research Articles in the Scientific Journal "Nature"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present empirical analysis of the short texts accompanying research articles in the scientific journal "Nature" covering a period from 1991 to 2005, not only shows that these texts are significantly different from prescriptive models of abstracts, but that they have also recently undergone a further change. Up until 1996, in contrast to the…

Ayers, Gael

2008-01-01

418

The Evolutionary Nature of Genre: An Investigation of the Short Texts Accompanying Research Articles in the Scientific Journal "Nature"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present empirical analysis of the short texts accompanying research articles in the scientific journal "Nature" covering a period from 1991 to 2005, not only shows that these texts are significantly different from prescriptive models of abstracts, but that they have also recently undergone a further change. Up until 1996, in contrast to the…

Ayers, Gael

2008-01-01

419

Peer Review in the National Science Foundation: Phase One of Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report evaluates the peer review system in the National Science Foundation (NSF). Peer review is defined as the evaluation of proposals for research in the science disciplines by experts in those disciplines. The report describes how the NSF decided ...

S. Cole L. Rubin J. R. Cole

1978-01-01

420

Early editorial manuscript screening versus obligate peer review: a randomized trial.  

PubMed

Peer review is a cornerstone of scientific publication. However, it is time consuming for reviewers and contributors, and must be balanced with editorial oversight for balance and bias. To test a more efficient method of reviewing manuscripts, we performed a randomized trial comparing traditional peer review for all manuscripts received by the Annals of Neurology with an early screening approach in which six editors rejected a manuscript without external review when the chance of acceptance was deemed very low. Of the 351 manuscripts entered into the trial, 88 were randomized to traditional external review and 263 to early screening. Rates of final acceptance were similar in the two groups (p = 0.41). Final decisions were more delayed for traditional review (mean 48 days versus 18 days with early screening; p < 0.0001) and more reviewers were required for each manuscript (mean 2.3 versus 0.7 with early screening; p < 0.0001). Among accepted manuscripts, reviewer ratings of scientific and clinical impact were similar. We conclude that a method of early screening of manuscripts for appropriateness for publication results in substantial decreases in the time between manuscript submission and publication decisions, and reduces the burden on reviewers with minimal impact on the quality of accepted manuscripts. Editorial screening is now journal policy. PMID:17444512

Johnston, S Claiborne; Lowenstein, Daniel H; Ferriero, Donna M; Messing, Robert O; Oksenberg, Jorge R; Hauser, Stephen L

2007-04-01

421

Teaching from the journal: An instructional method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Instruction librarians are often asked by instructors to teach the attributes of a peer-reviewed journal. Students are then asked to reference peer-reviewed papers in their written presentations. This column discusses a method of instruction that can be used in upper level undergraduate natural science classes. It focuses on the journal along with the author(s), abstract, keywords, acknowledgments, references, and footnotes

James E. Bird

1997-01-01

422

45 CFR 60.10 - Reporting negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private accreditation...negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private accreditation...physician, dentist, or entity by a peer review organization or private...

2012-10-01

423

Web-based peer review: the learner as both adapter and reviewer  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study describes an effective web-based learning strategy, peer review, used by 143 computer science undergraduate students in an operating systems class at a Taiwanese university. Peer review, based on social constructivism, can be easily implemented via the authors' well-developed web-based peer review (WPR) system. Through peer review, the authors hope to form an authentic learning environment similar to an

Eric Zhi-Feng Liu; Sunny S. J. Lin; Chi-Huang Chiu; Shyan-Ming Yuan

2001-01-01

424

Guns in the medical literature--a failure of peer review.  

PubMed

Errors of fact, design, and interpretation abound in the medical literature on guns and violence. The peer review process has failed to prevent publication of the errors of politicized, results-oriented research. Most of the data on guns and violence are available in the criminologic, legal, and social sciences literature, yet such data escape acknowledgment or analysis of the medical literature. Lobbyists and other partisans continue to promulgate the fallacies that cloud the public debate and impede the development of effective strategies to reduce violence in our society. This article examines a representative sample of politicized and incompetent research. PMID:8201280

Suter, E A

1994-03-01

425

Issues of Cultural Appropriateness and Pedagogical Efficacy: Exploring Peer Review in a Second Language Writing Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a study designed to investigate (a) whether peer review is an effective pedagogical activity with adult Chinese students in the teaching of second language (L2) academic writing and (b) how factors such as perceptions of the influence of peer reviewers' L2 proficiency, previous experience with peer review, feedback…

Hu, Guangwei; Lam, Sandra Tsui Eu

2010-01-01

426

Quality in Research and the Significance of Community Assessment and Peer Review: Education's Idiosyncrasy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Calls for the quality of educational research to be monitored more carefully are examined in the context of the most widely used and trusted form of quality screening, namely, that afforded by peer review. The serious limitations of peer review for this purpose, especially in education, are outlined before discussing the place of peer review

Macnab, Natasha; Thomas, Gary

2007-01-01

427

CPRTM AND THE MOLSCI PROJECT: WEB-BASED WRITING, PEER REVIEW, CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT, AND DISSEMINATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientists must write. Most science educators readily admit this fact, but few incorporate technical writing into their courses. Calibrated Peer Review (CPR)TM software brings technical writing and peer review broadly to the educational experience. CPR has special value in large courses. Peer review provides a valuable tool and enhances the \\

Orville L. Chapman; Michael Fiore

428

Peer Review in Class: Metrics and Variations in a Senior Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Peer reviews are the generally accepted mode of quality assessment in scholarly communities; however, they are rarely used for evaluation at college levels. Over a period of 5 years, we have performed a peer review simulation at a senior level course in molecular genetics at the University of Guelph and have accumulated 393 student peer reviews.…

Yankulov, Krassimir; Couto, Richard

2012-01-01

429

Adapting Peer Review to an Online Course: An Exploratory Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With demonstrated benefits to higher level learning, peer review in the classroom has been well researched and popular since at least the 1990s. However, little or no prior studies exist into the peer review process for online courses. Further, we found no prior research specifically addressing the operational aspects of online peer review. This…

Knight, Linda V.; Steinbach, Theresa A.

2011-01-01

430

Open access versus subscription journals: a comparison of scientific impact  

PubMed Central

Background In the past few years there has been an ongoing debate as to whether the proliferation of open access (OA) publishing would damage the peer review system and put the quality of scientific journal publishing at risk. Our aim was to inform this debate by comparing the scientific impact of OA journals with subscription journals, controlling for journal age, the country of the publisher, discipline and (for OA publishers) their business model. Methods The 2-year impact factors (the average number of citations to the articles in a journal) were used as a proxy for scientific impact. The Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) was used to identify OA journals as well as their business model. Journal age and discipline were obtained from the Ulrich's periodicals directory. Comparisons were performed on the journal level as well as on the article level where the results were weighted by the number of articles published in a journal. A total of 610 OA journals were compared with 7,609 subscription journals using Web of Science citation data while an overlapping set of 1,327 OA journals were compared with 11,124 subscription journals using Scopus data. Results Overall, average citation rates, both unweighted and weighted for the number of articles per journal, were about 30% higher for subscription journals. However, after controlling for discipline (medicine and health versus other), age of the journal (three time periods) and the location of the publisher (four largest publishing countries versus other countries) the differences largely disappeared in most subcategories except for journals that had been launched prior to 1996. OA journals that fund publishing with article processing charges (APCs) are on average cited more than other OA journals. In medicine and health, OA journals founded in the last 10 years are receiving about as many citations as subscription journals launched during the same period. Conclusions Our results indicate that OA journals indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus are approaching the same scientific impact and quality as subscription journals, particularly in biomedicine and for journals funded by article processing charges.

2012-01-01

431

Relating patenting and peer-review publications: an extended perspective on the vascular health and risk management literature  

PubMed Central

Purpose: This investigation identifies patent applications published under the international Patent Convention Treaty between July 2010 and January 2011 in three significant fields of vascular risk management (arterial hypertension, atherosclerosis, and aneurysms) and investigates whether the inventors have also published peer reviewed papers directly describing their claimed invention. Results: Out of only 48 patent documents that specifically addressed at least one of the above-mentioned fields, 15 had immediate companion papers of which 13 were published earlier than the corresponding patent applications; the majority of these papers were published by noncorporate patentees. Although the majority of patent applications (30 documents) had at least one corporate assignee, 18 came from academic environments. As expected, medical devices dominated in the aneurysm segment while pharmacology dominated hypertension and atherosclerosis. Conclusion: Although information related to hypertension, atherosclerosis, or aneurysms that was claimed in international patent applications reached the public quicker through the corresponding peer review document if one was published, more than two-thirds of the patent applications had no such companion paper in a scientific journal. The patent literature, which is freely available online as full text, offers information to scientists and developers in the fields of vascular risk management that is not available from the peer reviewed literature.

Mucke, Hermann AM

2011-01-01

432

Bias in Peer Review of Organic Farming Grant Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer reviews of 84 organic farming grant applications from Sweden were analyzed to determine whether the reviewers’ affiliation\\u000a to one of two types of agriculture (i.e., organic and conventional) influenced their reviews. Fifteen reviewers were divided\\u000a into three groups: (1) scientists with experience in organic farming research; (2) scientists with no experience in organic\\u000a farming research; and (3) users of

Jesper Rasmussen; Vibeke Langer; Hugo Fjelsted Alrøe

2006-01-01

433

Safety Assessment for Explosive Risk (SAFER) peer review report.  

SciTech Connect

At the direction of the Department of Defense Explosives Safety Board (DDESB), a Peer Review Team was established to review the status of development of the risk-based explosives safety siting process and criteria as currently implemented in the software 'Safety Assessment for Explosive Risk (SAFER)' Version 2.1. The objective of the Peer Review Team was to provide an independent evaluation of the components of the SAFER model, the ongoing development of the model and the risk assessment process and criteria. This peer review report addressed procedures; protocols; physical and statistical science algorithms; related documents; and software quality assurance, validation and verification. Overall, the risk-based method in SAFER represents a major improvement in the Department of Defense (DoD) approach to explosives safety management. The DDESB and Risk Based Explosives Safety Criteria Team (RBESCT) have made major strides in developing a methodology, which over time may become a worldwide model. The current status of all key areas of the SAFER code has been logically developed and is defensible. Continued improvement and refinement can be expected as implementation proceeds. A consistent approach to addressing and refining uncertainty in each of the primary areas (probability of event, consequences of event and exposure) will be a very beneficial future activity.

Heimdahl, Olaf E. R. (Naval Air Warfare Center, China Lake, CA); LaHoud, Paul (Athens, AL); Chapman, Leon Darrel

2004-08-01

434

Commercial Lighting Solutions Webtool Peer Review Report, Office Solutions  

SciTech Connect

The Commercial Lighting Solutions (CLS) project directly supports the U.S. Department of Energy’s Commercial Building Energy Alliance efforts to design high performance buildings. CLS creates energy efficient best practice lighting designs for widespread use, and they are made available to users via an interactive webtool that both educates and guides the end user through the application of the Lighting Solutions. This report summarizes the peer review of the CLS webtool for offices. The methodology for the peer review process included data collection (stakeholder input), analysis of the comments, and organization of the input into categories for prioritization of the comments against a set of criteria. Based on this process, recommendations were developed for the release of version 2.0 of the webtool at the Lightfair conference in Las Vegas in May 2010. The report provides a list of the top ten most significant and relevant improvements that will be made within the webtool for version 2.0 as well as appendices containing the comments and short-term priorities in additional detail. Peer review comments that are considered high priority by the reviewers and the CLS team but cannot be completed for Version 2.0 are listed as long-term recommendations.

Beeson, Tracy A.; Jones, Carol C.

2010-02-01

435

Families and Mental Retardation: A Collection of Notable AAMR Journal Articles across the 20th Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume brings together 32 papers on families and mental retardation. The papers were first published in journals of the American Association on Mental Retardation and date from 1935 through 1999. The papers are divided into four units within which the papers are presented chronologically. Essays introduce each unit. The first unit,…

Blacher, Jan, Ed.; Baker, Bruce L., Ed.

436

Top Cited Scholars in Multicultural Counseling: A Citation Analysis of Journal Articles in PsycINFO  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The area of multicultural counseling is a sub-field of the counseling profession and research in this specialty has proliferated at a rapid pace over the past 20 years. In order to gauge emergent trends in multicultural counseling, researchers have conducted content analyses of scholarly documents like journals and books. A related methodology…

Piotrowski, Chris

2013-01-01

437

Journal Articles Dating Back as Far as a Century Are Being Put Online.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The digitization of over a million journal pages dating back to 1886, and access via the World Wide Web, intended originally to free shelf space, is seen by some scholars as changing the nature of scholarship. It will also significantly improve access from smaller institutions with limited collections. (MSE)|

Deloughry, Thomas J.

1996-01-01

438

SPECIATION OF GAS-PHASE AND FINE PARTICLE EMISSIONS FROM BURNING OF FOLIAR FUELS: JOURNAL ARTICLE  

EPA Science Inventory

NRMRL-RTP-P- 620 Hays**, M.D., Geron*, C.D., Linna**, K.J., Smith*, N.D., and Schauer, J.J. Speciation of Gas-Phase and Fine Particle Emissions from Burning of Foliar Fuels. Submitted to: Environmental Science & Technology EPA/600/J-02/234, http://pubs.acs.org/journals/esthag/...

439

[The status of the art of scientific articles in Italy between 2003 -2009: an analysis of articles published by nursing Italian journals].  

PubMed

This study investigates  the number of  articles published by Italian nursing journals by analyzing five Italian journals between 2003 and 2009. This is the third part of a study started  in 1978,  two articles were already published in 2005. The work is aimed at monitoring the number of nursing articles published. The articles were cataloged according to predefined criteria with the main aim to verify the status of the progress of research and theoretical development among Italian nurses. Results show that, although there is an increase in publications which apply research methods, these are still below the international trend and that, at national level, nurses prefer  topics such as care plans, regulations and organization of work rather than research or scientific evidence. On the one hand there is a raise on Italian nurses of interest in wider topic in order to be closer to the international debate, on the other hand there is a lack of adequate tools to improve knowledge and specific investments in research. As result of this there is a strong limitation in the knowledge growth of Italian nurses together with a lack of participation among and for different generations of nurses. In addition to the above it has been enucleated a scarcity within the literature analyzed of development of theoretical models, theories and concepts. Conversely theoretical models, theories and concepts are important pillars of scientific knowledge and they have a strong role in professional development, moreover these are necessary in order to set and improve nursing and nurses image nowadays far from the exclusive applied science. PMID:23900143

Marucci, Anna Rita; De Caro, Walter; Rivoli, Maria; Trezza, Tommaso; Miriello, Domenico; Sansoni, Julita

440

Research articles published in the Journal of Adolescent Health: a two-decade comparison 1 1 The full text of this article is available via JAH Online at http:\\/\\/www.elsevier.com\\/locate\\/jahonline  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To examine changes in subject contents and study designs of research articles published in the Journal of Adolescent Health since its inception.Methods: A retrospective review of all research articles was conducted from selected years, ranging from 1980 through 1998. The study sample was composed of the following: original articles, case reports, brief scientific reports, international articles, fellowship forum, and

Barbara A Cromer; Margaret M Stager

2000-01-01

441

Moving Open Access to Open Source: Transitioning an Open-Access Journal into the Open Journal Systems Journal Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

From 1994 to 2008, the University of Idaho Library published the Electronic Green Journal, a peer-reviewed, cross-disciplinary, open-access journal on environmental issues. In 2007 the editorial board decided to transition the journal into the Open Journal Systems open-source journal-management system. The new system had to be customized, back issues had to be imported, and the editorial board had to be

Ben Hunter

2010-01-01

442

AB 1007 Full Fuel Cycle Analysis (FFCA) Peer Review  

SciTech Connect

LLNL is a participant of California's Advanced Energy Pathways (AEP) team funded by DOE (NETL). At the AEP technical review meeting on November 9, 2006. The AB 1007 FFCA team (Appendix A) requested LLNL participate in a peer review of the FFCA reports. The primary contact at the CEC was McKinley Addy. The following reports/presentations were received by LLNL: (1) Full Fuel Cycle Energy and Emissions Assumptions dated September 2006, TIAX; (2) Full Fuel cycle Assessment-Well to Tank Energy Inputs, Emissions, and Water Impacts dated December 2006, TIAX; and (3) Full Fuel Cycle Analysis Assessment dated October 12, 2006, TIAX.

Rice, D; Armstrong, D; Campbell, C; Lamont, A; Gallegos, G; Stewart, J; Upadhye, R

2007-01-19

443

A pilot study of peer review in residency training  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To explore the utility of peer review (review by fellow interns or residents in the firm) as an additional method of evaluation\\u000a in a university categorical internal medicine residency program.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a DESIGN\\/PARTICIPANTS: Senior residents and interns were asked to complete evaluations of interns at the end-of-month ward rotations.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a MAIN RESULTS: Response rates for senior residents evaluating 16 interns were 70%;

Patricia A. Thomas; Kelly A. Gebo; David B. Hellmann

1999-01-01

444

External peer review of skilled nursing care in Minnesota.  

PubMed Central

External peer review of each of the 8917 Medicaid patients in 228 Skilled Nursing Facilities in Minnesota demonstrated characteristics and needs of patients and produced documented recommendations for Medical Evaluation Studies to strengthen multiple aspects of treatment programs. As a whole, Medicaid patients were well placed and well cared for. However, wide variations were observed in individual facilities. Principal problem areas were those which prevail in all long term care facilities in this country: weakness of individualized treatment, weakness of restorative goal-oriented treatment, severe mental/emotional/behavioral disabilities, lack of strong leadership in medical and nursing professions, and weakness of psychosocial support programs.

Miller, W R; Hurley, S J; Wharton, E

1976-01-01

445

Open evaluation: a vision for entirely transparent post-publication peer review and rating for science.  

PubMed

The two major functions of a scientific publishing system are to provide access to and evaluation of scientific papers. While open access (OA) is becoming a reality, open evaluation (OE), the other side of the coin, has received less attention. Evaluation steers the attention of the scientific community and thus the very course of science. It also influences the use of scientific findings in public policy. The current system of scientific publishing provides only journal prestige as an indication of the quality of new papers and relies on a non-transparent and noisy pre-publication peer-review process, which delays publication by many months on average. Here I propose an OE system, in which papers are evaluated post-publication in an ongoing fashion by means of open peer review and rating. Through signed ratings and reviews, scientists steer the attention of their field and build their reputation. Reviewers are motivated to be objective, because low-quality or self-serving signed evaluations will negatively impact their reputation. A core feature of this proposal is a division of powers between the accumulation of evaluative evidence and the analysis of this evidence by paper evaluation functions (PEFs). PEFs can be freely defined by individuals or groups (e.g., scientific societies) and provide a plurality of perspectives on the scientific literature. Simple PEFs will use averages of ratings, weighting reviewers (e.g., by H-index), and rating scales (e.g., by relevance to a decision process) in different ways. Complex PEFs will use advanced statistical techniques to infer the quality of a paper. Papers with initially promising ratings will be more deeply evaluated. The continual refinement of PEFs in response to attempts by individuals to influence evaluations in their own favor will make the system ungameable. OA and OE together have the power to revolutionize scientific publishing and usher in a new culture of transparency, constructive criticism, and collaboration. PMID:23087639

Kriegeskorte, Nikolaus

2012-10-17

446

Open Evaluation: A Vision for Entirely Transparent Post-Publication Peer Review and Rating for Science  

PubMed Central

The two major functions of a scientific publishing system are to provide access to and evaluation of scientific papers. While open access (OA) is becoming a reality, open evaluation (OE), the other side of the coin, has received less attention. Evaluation steers the attention of the scientific community and thus the very course of science. It also influences the use of scientific findings in public policy. The current system of scientific publishing provides only journal prestige as an indication of the quality of new papers and relies on a non-transparent and noisy pre-publication peer-review process, which delays publication by many months on average. Here I propose an OE system, in which papers are evaluated post-publication in an ongoing fashion by means of open peer review and rating. Through signed ratings and reviews, scientists steer the attention of their field and build their reputation. Reviewers are motivated to be objective, because low-quality or self-serving signed evaluations will negatively impact their reputation. A core feature of this proposal is a division of powers between the accumulation of evaluative evidence and the analysis of this evidence by paper evaluation functions (PEFs). PEFs can be freely defined by individuals or groups (e.g., scientific societies) and provide a plurality of perspectives on the scientific literature. Simple PEFs will use averages of ratings, weighting reviewers (e.g., by H-index), and rating scales (e.g., by relevance to a decision process) in different ways. Complex PEFs will use advanced statistical techniques to infer the quality of a paper. Papers with initially promising ratings will be more deeply evaluated. The continual refinement of PEFs in response to attempts by individuals to influence evaluations in their own favor will make the system ungameable. OA and OE together have the power to revolutionize scientific publishing and usher in a new culture of transparency, constructive criticism, and collaboration.

Kriegeskorte, Nikolaus

2012-01-01

447

Journal of Religion and Popular Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Edited by Professor Mary Ann Beavis of the University of Saskatchewan, the Journal of Religion and Popular Culture is a Âweb-based, peer-reviewed journal committed to academic exploration, analysis and interpretation, from a range of disciplinary perspectives, of the interrelations between religion and religious expression and popular culture, broadly defined as the products of contemporary mass culture. It is quite a broad area to cover, and they do so admirably, and members of the public and those in the world of higher education will want to look over their site closely. Published three times a year, visitors can browse through the online archive offered here, or take a look at their most recent issue. Some of the articles that have appeared in recent issues include ÂThe Apocalyptic Imagination and Popular CultureÂ, ÂSeeking the Roots of Terrorism: An Islamic Traditional ExperienceÂ, and ÂUnder the Influence? The Bible, Culture and Nick CaveÂ.

448

A survey of the "surgical and research" articles in the European Spine Journal, 2007  

PubMed Central

Over the last couple of years the European Spine Journal has become truly international with papers from all over the world, and at the same time it has increased its size. Professor Mulholland has selected and reviewed some 40 papers from over 200 published in 2007 and that he felt were of particular interest to practicing surgeons and would influence their management of patients, or papers that challenged established beliefs. Papers dealing with back pain, spondylolyses, tumors, spinal stenosis, spinal infection, clinical examination, lumbar disc herniation, spinal fractures, etc. are reviewed and their significance assessed. The aim of the review is to encourage readers to read the papers themselves, hopefully stimulated by the trenchant comments of the reviewer, both critical and laudatory.

2008-01-01

449

Magnus Killander - The African Peer Review Mechanism and Human Rights: The First Reviews and the Way Forward - Human Rights Quarterly 30:1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), one of the spin-offs of the African development framework, NEPAD, offers a unique approach to the monitoring of agreed norms of political, economic, and corporate governance in Africa. This article analyzes the APRM structure and process with a focus on how the APRM could complement other efforts to realize the African Union objective of

Magnus Killander

2008-01-01

450

1996 JOURNAL ARTICLES FROM LRPCD (TREATMENT AND DESTRUCTION BRANCH, LAND REMEDIATION AND POLLUTION CONTROL DIVISION, NRMRL)  

EPA Science Inventory

The Treatment and Destruction Branch (TDB) of NRMRL's Land Remediation and Pollution Control Division (LRPCD) produces and publishes highly technical and scientific articles relating to TDB's research. TDB conducts bioremediation and physical/chemical treatment research. The rese...

451

Journal of Agricultural Economics Research Volume 44, Number 3. (Articles and Book Reviews).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Articles; Partial vs. General Equilibrium Analysis of Trade Policy Reform; Alternative Forms for Production Functions of Irrigated Crops; Evaluating Orange Growers Exercise of Market Power with Marketing Order Volume Control Regulations; Book Re...

J. Blaylock D. Smallwood J. Carlin

1993-01-01

452

Journal of Agricultural Economics Research, Volume 45, Number 1. (Articles and Book Reviews).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents; Articles; Consumer Awareness of Diet-Disease Relationships and Dietary Behavior: The Case of Dietary Fat; The Implications of Offsetting Ajustments in Government Purchase Prices for Butter and Nonfat Dry Milk; Cost, Supply, and Farm Structure: A...

J. Blaylock D. Smallwood J. Harrison

1994-01-01

453

Interactive learning through web-mediated peer review of student science reports  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two studies analyzed impacts of writing and receiving web-mediated peer reviews on revision of research reports by undergraduate\\u000a science students. After conducting toxicology experiments, 77 students posted draft reports and exchanged double-blind reviews.\\u000a The first study randomly assigned students to four groups representing full, partial, or no peer review. Students engaging\\u000a in any aspect of peer review made more revisions

Nancy M. Trautmann

2009-01-01

454

Issues of cultural appropriateness and pedagogical efficacy: exploring peer review in a second language writing class  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a study designed to investigate (a) whether peer review is an effective pedagogical activity with adult\\u000a Chinese students in the teaching of second language (L2) academic writing and (b) how factors such as perceptions of the influence\\u000a of peer reviewers’ L2 proficiency, previous experience with peer review, feedback preferences, and culturally-based beliefs\\u000a and practices relate to

Guangwei Hu; Sandra Tsui Eu Lam

2010-01-01

455

Accelerated publication versus usual publication in 2 leading medical journals  

PubMed Central

Background A number of medical journals have developed policies for accelerated publication of articles judged by the authors, the editors or the peer reviewers to be of special importance. However, the validity of these judgements is unknown. We therefore compared the importance of articles published on a “fast track” with those published in the usual way. Methods We identified 12 “case” articles — 6 articles from the New England Journal of Medicine that were prereleased on the journal's Web site before publication in print and 6 “fast-tracked” articles from The Lancet. We then identified 12 “control” articles matched to the case articles according to journal, disease or procedure of focus, theme area and year of publication. Forty-two general internists rated the articles, using 10-point scales, on dimensions addressing the articles' importance, ease of applicability and impact on health outcomes. Results For each dimension, the mean score for the case articles was significantly higher than the mean score for the control articles: importance to clinical practice 7.6 v. 7.1 respectively (p = 0.001), importance from a public health perspective 6.5 v. 6.0 (p < 0.001), contribution to advancement of medical knowledge 6.2 v. 5.8 (p < 0.001), ease of applicability in practice 7.0 v. 6.5 (p < 0.001), potential impact on health outcomes 6.5 v. 5.9 (p < 0.001). Despite these general findings, in 5 of the 12 matched pairs of articles the control article had a higher mean score than the case article across all the dimensions. Interpretation The accelerated publication practices of 2 leading medical journals targeted articles that, on average, had slightly higher importance scores than similar articles published in the usual way. However, our finding of higher importance scores for control articles in 5 of the 12 matched pairs shows that current journal practices for selecting articles for expedited publication are inconsistent.

Ghali, William A.; Cornuz, Jacques; McAlister, Finlay A.; Wasserfallen, Jean-Blaise; Devereaux, P.J.; Naylor, C. David

2002-01-01

456

A re-audit of the use of definitions of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in peer-reviewed literature.  

PubMed

The use of different definitions of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) may make comparison of data among studies difficult. Fifty randomly selected papers dealing with SIDS that were published between 2010 and 2011 in peer-reviewed journals were reviewed to determine whether one of three internationally accepted definitions of SIDS had been either written in the text or referenced. A significant improvement in the use of definitions has occurred since 2005, with the percentage of papers either quoting or referencing a standard definition increasing by 26%, from 42 to 68%. The 1989 NICHD definition remained the most commonly used definition (35.1%) followed by the 2004 San Diego definition (26.3%). Although the percentage of papers where either no definition was provided or where an idiosyncratic or mis-cited definition was used fell 26%, from 58 to 32%, nearly one in three papers published on SIDS in peer-reviewed journals that were included in this study still did not cite a standard definition. PMID:23084308

Byard, Roger W; Lee, Vivian

2012-04-27

457

"Journal for Specialists in Group Work" ("JSGW") Publication Pattern Review: A Meta-Study of Author and Article Characteristics from 1981-2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"The Journal for Specialists in Group Work" ("JSGW") is the journal of the Association for Specialists in Group Work (ASGW), a division of the American Counseling Association (ACA). "JSGW" publishes articles related to "group work theory, interventions, training, current issues, and research" (ASGW, 2011). "JSGW" was first published in 1976 and…

Byrd, Rebekah; Crockett, Stephanie A.; Erford, Bradley T.

2012-01-01

458

Peer Review Process for the Sandia ASCI V and V Program: Version 1.0  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the initial definition of the Verification and Validation (V and V) Plan Peer Review Process at Sandia National Laboratories. V and V peer review at Sandia is intended to assess the ASCI code team V and V planning process and execution. Our peer review definition is designed to assess the V and V planning process in terms of the content specified by the Sandia Guidelines for V and V plans. Therefore, the peer review process and process for improving the Guidelines are necessarily synchronized, and form parts of a larger quality improvement process supporting the ASCI V and V program at Sandia.

Pilch, M.; Trucano, T.G.; Peercy, D.E.; Hodges, A.L.; Young, E.R.; Moya, J.L.

2001-01-01

459

International Journal of Modern Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

International Journal of Modern Engineering Volume 8, Number 2, Spring/Summer 2008. A quarterly publication of findings from university research in the areas of industrial engineering topics. In this journal you will will want to review the following white papers: Assessing Industrial Technology Programs; Molecular Beam Epitaxity Growth and Instrumentation; and Using Rapid Protyping Tools for Automatic Control Systems. The International Journal of Modern Engineering (IJME) is the official and flagship journal of the International Association of Journals and Conferences (IAJC). IJME is a highly-selective, peer-reviewed journal, covering topics that appeal to a broad readership of all branches of engineering, engineering technology, and other related fields.

2010-07-08

460

[Analysis of the production of psychology professors in Spain in journal articles of the Web of Science].  

PubMed

The present work is a descriptive study by means of document analysis that aims to make the analysis of the more productive professors of psychology in Spain trough indexed Web of Science journal articles. The sample was conformed of the first one hundred more productive professors of each one of the six academic areas of Spanish Psychology. A total of 85492 records were analyzed of which 8770 correspond to the 610 analyzed professors. The main results are that from the more productive professors ranking, six belong to the Psychobiology area and only 4 belong to different areas. With respect to the average proportion of articles by Professor of the six areas of psychology, it was found that that range of the proportion oscillates between 25 and 6. The journal Psicothema maintains the most frequency of records among the professors of the sample since they are 1461 which represents a 17% of the total. Finally, we discuss the results and mentioned the implications in the professor's evaluation. PMID:21044531

Olivas-Ávila, José A; Musi-Lechuga, Bertha

2010-11-01

461

A Framework for Assessing Climate Change Impacts on Water and Watershed Systems (Journal Article)  

EPA Science Inventory

In this article we present a framework for assessing climate change impacts on water and watershed systems to support management decision-making. The framework addresses three issues complicating assessments of climate change impacts?linkages across spatial scales, linkages acros...

462

Science for All Cultures: A Collection of Articles from NSTA's Journals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Multicultural science education provides equal educational opportunities for all students to learn and enjoy science. These opportunities are predicated upon a respect for the customs, mores, and beliefs applicable to students' cultures. The articles in this book, authored by individuals of culturally diverse backgrounds, present several cogent…

Carey, Shelley J., Comp.

463

Adult Literacy. A Compendium of Articles from the Journal of Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The following articles are included: "Reconceptualizing the Language of Adult Literacy" (Ilsley, Stahl); "Expanding the Definition of Literacy for Adult Remedial Readers" (Heathington); "Adult Literacy Programs" (Davis); "Stages in the Reading Development of Adults" (Norman, Malicky); "Reading Concepts and Strategies of Adult Nonreaders"…

Radencich, Marguerite C., Ed.

464

U.S Air Quality Management: Local, Regional and Global Approaches (Journal Article)  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of this article is to review approaches to air quality management (AQM) in the United States. To characterize AQM in the United States, four examples that addressed local, regional, and global scale air pollution are described. These examples include: (1) the Hazardou...

465

Chemistry Journal Articles: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Move Analysis with Pedagogical Aims  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article highlights aspects of an interdisciplinary (chemistry-applied linguistics) English for Specific Purposes (ESP) course- and materials-development project. The project was aimed at raising genre awareness among chemistry students and faculty, in addition to improving students' disciplinary reading and writing. As part of the project,…

Stoller, Fredricka L.; Robinson, Marin S.

2013-01-01

466

PROMET - The Journal of Meteorological Education issued by DWD  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Promet is published by the German Meteorological Service (DWD) since 1971 to improve meteorologists and weather forecasters skills. The journal comprises mainly contributions to topics like biometeorology, the NAO, or meteorology and insurance business. The science-based articles should illustrate the special issue in an understandable and transparent way. In addition, the journal contains portraits of other national meteorological services and university departments, book reviews, list of university degrees, and other individual papers. Promet is published only in German language, but included English titles and abstracts. The journal is peer-reviewed by renowned external scientists. It is distributed free of charge by DWD to the own meteorological staff. On the other hand, DMG (the German Meteorological Society) hand it out to all members of the society. The current issues deal with "Modern procedures of weather forecasting in DWD” and "E-Learning in Meteorology”.

Rapp, J.

2009-09-01

467

Diversity in Statistical Research Techniques: An Analysis of Refereed Research Articles in the Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing Between 1992 and 2010  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the findings of a study that analyzes the statistical methods used in articles published in the Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing (JTTM) in the period 1992–2010. A content analysis of 462 articles identified 68 different statistical methods, grouped into 17 categories. Factor analysis and ANOVA\\/MANOVA were the most commonly used methods, following descriptive statistics. There was

Hee “Andy” Lee; Rob Law

2012-01-01

468

DataCARE - A Tool for Downloading and Pre processing Full-text Journal Articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current approach for mining text in regards to molecular biology and biomedicine is a conjectural process. The major obstacle with the current approach is the need to download full-text articles from various sites, and then organize them for specific text searches. With the help of CTH Technologies, we have created a tool called DataCARE. DataCARE eliminates the need to

Jeyakumar Natarajan; Cliff Haines; Brian Berglund; Catherine DeSesa; Catherine J. Hack; Werner Dubitzky; Eric G. Bremer

469

Statistical analysis of the National Institutes of Health peer review system  

PubMed Central

A statistical model is proposed for the analysis of peer-review ratings of R01 grant applications submitted to the National Institutes of Health. Innovations of this model include parameters that reflect differences in reviewer scoring patterns, a mechanism to account for the transfer of information from an application's preliminary ratings and group discussion to final ratings provided by all panel members and posterior estimates of the uncertainty associated with proposal ratings. Application of this model to recent R01 rating data suggests that statistical adjustments to panel rating data would lead to a 25% change in the pool of funded proposals. Viewed more broadly, the methodology proposed in this article provides a general framework for the analysis of data collected interactively from expert panels through the use of the Delphi method and related procedures.

Johnson, Valen E.

2008-01-01

470

Professional Journals as a Source of PCK for Teaching Nature of Science: An Examination of Articles Published in The Science Teacher (TST) (an NSTA Journal), 1995-2010  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A number of science education policy documents recommend that students develop an understanding of the enterprise of science and the nature of science (NOS). Despite this emphasis, there is still a gap between policy and practice. Teacher professional literature provides one potential venue for bridging this gap, by providing "activities that work" (Appleton in elementary science teacher education: International perspectives on contemporary issues and practice. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, NJ, 2006) that can scaffold teachers' developing pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) for teaching NOS. We analyzed articles published in the NSTA journal The Science Teacher (1995-2010) in terms of the degree to which they provide appropriate model activities and specific information that can support the development of teachers' PCK for teaching NOS. Our analysis revealed a diversity of NOS aspects addressed by the authors and a wide range of variation in the percent of articles focused on each aspect. Additionally, we found that few articles provided robust information related to all the component knowledge bases of PCK for NOS. In particular, within the extant practitioner literature, there are few models for teaching the aspects of NOS, such as the function and nature of scientific theory. Furthermore, though articles provided information relevant to informing teachers' knowledge of instructional strategies for NOS, relevant information to inform teachers' knowledge of assessment in this regard was lacking. We provide recommendations for ways in which the practitioner literature may support teachers' teaching of NOS through more robust attention to the types of knowledge research indicates are needed in order to teaching NOS effectively.

Ayd?n, Sevgi; Demirdö?en, Betül; Muslu, Nilay; Hanuscin, Deborah L.

2013-10-01

471

Professional Journals as a Source of PCK for Teaching Nature of Science: An Examination of Articles Published in The Science Teacher (TST) (an NSTA Journal), 1995-2010  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A number of science education policy documents recommend that students develop an understanding of the enterprise of science and the nature of science (NOS). Despite this emphasis, there is still a gap between policy and practice. Teacher professional literature provides one potential venue for bridging this gap, by providing "activities that work" (Appleton in elementary science teacher education: International perspectives on contemporary issues and practice. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, NJ, 2006) that can scaffold teachers' developing pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) for teaching NOS. We analyzed articles published in the NSTA journal The Science Teacher (1995-2010) in terms of the degree to which they provide appropriate model activities and specific information that can support the development of teachers' PCK for teaching NOS. Our analysis revealed a diversity of NOS aspects addressed by the authors and a wide range of variation in the percent of articles focused on each aspect. Additionally, we found that few articles provided robust information related to all the component knowledge bases of PCK for NOS. In particular, within the extant practitioner literature, there are few models for teaching the aspects of NOS, such as the function and nature of scientific theory. Furthermore, though articles provided information relevant to informing teachers' knowledge of instructional strategies for NOS, relevant information to inform teachers' knowledge of assessment in this regard was lacking. We provide recommendations for ways in which the practitioner literature may support teachers' teaching of NOS through more robust attention to the types of knowledge research indicates are needed in order to teaching NOS effectively.

Ayd?n, Sevgi; Demirdö?en, Betül; Muslu, Nilay; Hanuscin, Deborah L.

2013-04-01

472

Pain Assessment in Journal of Athletic Training Articles 1992-1998: Implications for Improving Research and Practice  

PubMed Central

Objective: To examine, evaluate, and summarize the techniques used to assess pain in all the Original Research articles published in the Journal of Athletic Training from 1992 through 1998. A second objective was to determine whether any of the Original Research investigations that did not assess pain were on topics that included a pain component. A third purpose was to make recommendations for assessing pain in a clinical athletic training setting. Data Sources: Every Original Research article published from 1992 through 1998 was reviewed independently by 2 of the authors to determine whether a pain assessment was included in the investigation and, if so, to evaluate the pain assessment technique used. Data Synthesis: A total of 23 (12.5%) of the 184 Original Research articles included some type of pain assessment. Most of these articles addressed the topics of delayed-onset muscle pain (43.5%), knee pain (17.4%), or pain resulting from cryotherapeutic procedures (17.4%). Most of the articles that included some type of pain measurement focused on the assessment of pain intensity using a category scale (17/23, 73.9%). In a substantial percentage of studies, a pain assessment tool that either lacked published supportive validity evidence (8/23, 34.8%) or was poorly constructed (because pain affect and pain intensity were confounded within a single scale) (7/23, 30.4%) was used. In a small number of articles on a topic directly relevant to pain (4/184, 2.2%), pain was not assessed, even though it could have provided useful information. Conclusions/Recommendations: Pain is a construct of interest to those conducting athletic training research. Pain measures were included in approximately 1 of every 8 Original Research articles published in the Journal of Athletic Training. However, investigators have too frequently measured pain in a limited fashion, often focusing only on pain intensity. Measuring other components of pain could provide additional opportunities for learning more about the relationships between pain and athletic training procedures. We recommend that athletic trainers involved in research, as well as those engaged in clinical practice, consider systematically employing valid, multidimensional measures of pain to better understand the relationships between pain and athletic training outcomes.

O'Connor, Patrick J.; Murphy, Robert M.; Courson, Ron W.; Ferrara, Michael S.

2000-01-01

473

Peer review of RELAP5/MOD3 documentation  

SciTech Connect

A peer review was performed on a portion of the documentation of the RELAP5/MOD3 computer code. The review was performed in two phases. The first phase was a review of Volume 3, Developmental Assessment problems, and Volume 4, Models and Correlations. The reviewers for this phase were Dr. Peter Griffith, Dr. Yassin Hassan, Dr. Gerald S. Lellouche, Dr. Marino di Marzo and Mr. Mark Wendel. The reviewers recommended a number of improvements, including using a frozen version of the code for assessment guided by a validation plan, better justification for flow regime maps and extension of models beyond their data base. The second phase was a review of Volume 6, Quality Assurance of Numerical Techniques in RELAP5/MOD3. The reviewers for the second phase were Mr. Mark Wendel and Dr. Paul T. Williams. Recommendations included correction of numerous grammatical and typographical errors and better justification for the use of Lax`s Equivalence Theorem.

Craddick, W.G.

1993-12-31

474

The Moral Education of Journal Editors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Refereed journals in science and medicine are the gatekeepers and repositories of knowledge in their respective fields. Research reported in peer-reviewed journals builds professional careers, determines which drugs and medical devices are licensed, influences what medical treatments become standards of care, and establishes the veracity of…

Krimsky, Sheldon

2010-01-01

475

The Moral Education of Journal Editors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Refereed journals in science and medicine are the gatekeepers and repositories of knowledge in their respective fields. Research reported in peer-reviewed journals builds professional careers, determines which drugs and medical devices are licensed, influences what medical treatments become standards of care, and establishes the veracity of…

Krimsky, Sheldon

2010-01-01

476

Improving the Peer-Review Process for Grant Applications: Reliability, Validity, Bias, and Generalizability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Peer review is a gatekeeper, the final arbiter of what is valued in academia, but it has been criticized in relation to traditional psychological research criteria of reliability, validity, generalizability, and potential biases. Despite a considerable literature, there is surprisingly little sound peer-review research examining these criteria or…

Marsh, Herbert W.; Jayasinghe, Upali W.; Bond, Nigel W.

2008-01-01

477

Doing a Good Deed or Confounding the Problem? Peer Review and Sociology Textbooks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines how the peer review process influences the writing and publication of sociology textbooks and the teaching of sociology. States that the peer review process may influence the final textbook in five ways: (1) degree of innovation; (2) length; (3) reading level; (4) cloning ancillaries and accessories; and (5) using reviewers as marketing…

Kendall, Diana

1999-01-01

478

A Peer Review Training Workshop: Coaching Students to Give and Evaluate Peer Feedback  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Trained peer review, as illustrated in a plethora of peer review or peer response scholarship, has a positive effect on students' writing in general and on improved revision quality in particular (Berg, 1999; Hu, 2005; Min, 2006; Paulus, 1999; Stanley, 1992). From these studies, it is evident that trained peer feedback does have a significant…

Lam, Ricky

2010-01-01

479

Independent Research Projects in General Chemistry Classes as an Introduction to Peer-Reviewed Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A well-structured independent literature research project with a poster session was used to introduce students to peer-reviewed literature in a general chemistry course. Overall, students reported an enhanced appreciation of the course due to performing research at some level, using peer-reviewed literature, and presenting their results in a…

Tribe, Lorena; Cooper, Evan L.

2008-01-01

480

Does Peer Review Predict the Performance of Research Projects in Health Sciences?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review is a basic component of the scientific process, but its performance has seldom been evaluated systematically. To determine whether pre-approval characteristics of research projects predicted the performance of projects, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of all 2744 single-centre research projects financed by the Spanish Health Research Fund since 1988 and completed before 1996. Peer review scores of

L. Erik Clavería; Eliseo Guallar; Jordi Camí; José Conde; Roberto Pastor; José R. Ricoy; Eduardo Rodríguez-Farré; Fernando Ruiz-Palomo; Emilio Muñoz

2000-01-01

481

Blog Comments vs. Peer Review: Which Way Makes a Book Better?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What if scholarly books were peer reviewed by anonymous blog comments rather than by traditional, selected peer reviewers? This is the question posed by an unusual experiment that was started recently by Noah Wardrip-Fruin, an an assistant professor of communication at the University of California at San Diego. His experiment was started after his…

Young, Jeffrey R.

2008-01-01

482

Who Reviews the Reviewers? Feasibility of Using a Fictitious Manuscript to Evaluate Peer Reviewer Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study objective: To determine whether a fictitious manuscript into which purposeful errors were placed could be used as an instrument to evaluate peer reviewer performance. Methods: An instrument for reviewer evaluation was created in the form of a fictitious manuscript into which deliberate errors were placed in order to develop an approach for the analysis of peer reviewer performance. The

William G Baxt; Joseph F Waeckerle; Jesse A Berlin; Michael L Callaham

1998-01-01

483

The imagery and reality of peer review in the U.S.: Insights from institutional theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite many challenges and highly visible failings, accountants in the U.S. continue to be a selfregulating profession. In large part, this can be attributed to the emergence and acceptance of peer review programs. This paper, using institutional theory as a template, addresses the discrepancies between what this technology promises and what it delivers. The discourse of peer review is reinterpreted

Timothy J. Fogarty

1996-01-01

484

Improving the Peer-Review Process for Grant Applications: Reliability, Validity, Bias, and Generalizability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review is a gatekeeper, the final arbiter of what is valued in academia, but it has been criticized in relation to traditional psychological research criteria of reliability, validity, generalizability, and potential biases. Despite a considerable literature, there is surprisingly little sound peer-review research examining these criteria or…

Marsh, Herbert W.; Jayasinghe, Upali W.; Bond, Nigel W.

2008-01-01

485

Development of the Review Quality Instrument (RQI) for Assessing Peer Reviews of Manuscripts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on the value of peer review is limited by the lack of a validated instrument to measure the quality of reviews. The aim of this study was to develop a simple, reliable, and valid scale that could be used in studies of peer review. A Review Quality Instrument (RQI) that assesses the extent to which a reviewer has commented

Susan van Rooyen; Nick Black; Fiona Godlee

1999-01-01

486

Content and communication: How can peer review provide helpful feedback about the writing?  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Peer review is assumed to improve the quality of research reports as tools for scientific communication, yet strong evidence that this outcome is obtained consistently has been elusive. Failure to distinguish between aspects of discipline-specific content and aspects of the writing or use of language may account for some deficiencies in current peer review processes. DISCUSSION: The process and

Karen Shashok

2008-01-01

487

Using peer review as a vehicle for communication skill development and active learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a renewed interest in incorporating peer review activities into computer science courses in response to current interest in active learning and group projects. The peer review process models real world professional activities, provides students with the opportunity to learn how to deal with criticism and how to provide constructive criticism to others, and can develop team skills. Without

Karen Anewalt

2005-01-01

488

External Peer Review Team Report Underground Testing Area Subproject for Frenchman Flat, Revision 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

An external peer review was conducted to review the groundwater models used in the corrective action investigation stage of the Underground Test Area (UGTA) subproject to forecast zones of potential contamination in 1,000 years for the Frenchman Flat area. The goal of the external peer review was to provide technical evaluation of the studies and to assist in assessing the

Sam Marutzky

2010-01-01

489

ORIGINAL RESEARCH AND PEER REVIEW USING WEB-BASED COLLABORATIVE TOOLS BY COLLEGE STUDENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Environmental Inquiry program supports inquiry based, student-centered science teaching on selected topics in the environmental sciences. Many teachers are unfamiliar with both the underlying science of toxicology, and the process and importance of peer review in scientific method. The protocol and peer review process was tested with college students at 11 universities around the United States. The overall goal

Mustafa Çakir; William S. Carlsen

490

Reviewing the reviewers: A study of author perception on peer reviews in computer science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer reviewing is an important form of collaborative work that is used for quality assurance in science and in other domains like software development and knowledge management. Review ratings by authors have potential to improve the quality of peer reviews, by giving way to remuneration of good reviews. A significant problem, however, is that authors' perception is hardly neutral, but

Conny Kuhne; K. Bohm; Jing Zhi Yue

2010-01-01

491

Applying Peer Reviews in Software Engineering Education: An Experiment and Lessons Learned  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the demonstrated value of peer reviews in the engineering industry, numerous industry experts have listed it at the top of the list of desirable development practices. Experience has shown that problems (defects) are eliminated earlier if a development process incorporates peer reviews and that these reviews are as effective as or even more effective than testing. It is

Vahid Garousi

2010-01-01

492

Learning Nature of Science Concepts through Online Peer Review of Student Research Reports1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through structured science experiments followed by online peer review of their research reports, undergraduates can experience science as a collaborative process of investigation rather than a static collection of facts. In 2001, over 400 students from 11 colleges and universities participated in a pilot study of double-blind online peer review, and the study has been continued on a smaller scale

Nancy Trautmann; William Carlsen; Bugrahan Yalvac; Mustafa Cakir; Christina Kohl

2003-01-01

493

Applying Peer Reviews in Software Engineering Education: An Experiment and Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on the demonstrated value of peer reviews in the engineering industry, numerous industry experts have listed it at the top of the list of desirable development practices. Experience has shown that problems (defects) are eliminated earlier if a development process incorporates peer reviews and that these reviews are as effective as or even…

Garousi, V.

2010-01-01

494

Characteristics of potential repository wastes. Peer review report for revision 1 of DOE/RW-0184  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of a fully documented peer review of DOE/RW-0184, Rev. 1, ``Characteristics of Potential Repository Wastes``. The peer review was chaired and administered by oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for the Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) and was conducted in accordance with OCRWM QA procedure QAAP 3.3 ``Peer Review`` for the purpose of quailing the document for use in OCRWM quality-affecting work. The peer reviewers selected represent a wide range of experience and knowledge particularly suitable for evaluating the subject matter. A total of 596 formal comments were documented by the seven peer review panels, and all were successfully resolved. The peers reached the conclusion that DOE/RW-0184, Rev. 1, is quality determined and suitable for use in quality-affecting work.

Cowart, C.G.; Notz, K.J.

1992-10-01

495

On the future contents of a small journal of histochemistry  

PubMed Central

In the last three years, more than 70,000 scientific articles have been published in peer reviewed journals on the application of histochemistry in the biomedical field: most of them did not appear in strictly histochemical journals, but in others dealing with cell and molecular biology, medicine or biotechnology. This proves that histochemistry is still an active and innovative discipline with relevance in basic and applied biological research, but also demonstrates that especially the small histochemical journals should likely reconsider their scopes and strategies to preserve their authorship. A review of the last three years volumes of the European Journal of Histochemistry, taken as an example of a long-time established small journal, confirmed that the published articles were widely heterogene