Sample records for peer-reviewed journal article

  1. Improving your journal article using feedback from peer review.

    PubMed

    Price, Bob

    2014-09-30

    While preparation of a journal article for submission may often include informal review by colleagues, an article is not accepted for publication until it has been formally peer reviewed. Peer review is the process whereby journal editors ask expert reviewers to examine the work submitted and prepare a report on its suitability for publication. Two or more revisions of the article may be required following peer review, with the author reworking the article in the light of feedback received on each occasion. This can be challenging for some authors, but used well, it offers a chance to improve the work to the required standard of the journal, and help the author present a more precise and coherent account of the arguments. The extent to which the author responds to the critical commentary of peer reviewers is important, because this may determine whether or not the article is published. This article explores the aims of peer reviewers and recommends ways in which authors can respond to the feedback provided. PMID:25249122

  2. Language use reflects scientific methodology: A corpus-based study of peer-reviewed journal articles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shlomo Argamon; Jeff Dodick; Paul Chase

    2008-01-01

    Recently, philosophers of science have argued that the epistemological requirements of different scientific fields lead necessarily\\u000a to differences in scientific method. In this paper, we examine possible variation in how language is used in peer-reviewed\\u000a journal articles from various fields to see if features of such variation may help to elucidate and support claims of methodological\\u000a variation among the sciences.

  3. Denis White ~ Publications PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES

    E-print Network

    Jenny, Bernhard

    . The International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology 17(1):48-56. Lawler JJ, Shafer SL, White D, Environment and Urban Systems 32(2):165-171; 32(4):327 (erratum). [PDF 135 KB] Theobald DM, Stevens DL Jr

  4. Peer Review of Chemistry Journal Articles: Collaboration across Disciplines

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Widanski, Bozena Barbara; Courtright-Nash, Debra

    2006-01-01

    A survey was conducted among second-year students in organic chemistry (OC) lab and first-year students in English composition (EC) to determine whether an interdisciplinary exchange and review of articles would improve students' understanding of the process of scientific research and of writing within the field of chemistry. The primary…

  5. Knowledge Exchange records from 01/04/2013 08/07/2013 CATEGORY 2 -Peer-reviewed journal articles

    E-print Network

    Knowledge Exchange records from 01/04/2013 ­ 08/07/2013 CATEGORY 2 - Peer-reviewed journal articles://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/nrc/cjfr/2013/00000043/00000001/art00002 Bib type: A GMD: Periodical article Entered: 16/05/2013 0000008b: A GMD: Periodical article Entered: 25/06/2013 0000008b #12;Record ID 4010248 Title: Spring phenology

  6. A 5-Year Analysis of Peer-Reviewed Journal Article Publications of Pharmacy Practice Faculty Members

    PubMed Central

    Spivey, Christina; Martin, Jennifer R.; Wyles, Christina; Ehrman, Clara; Schlesselman, Lauren S.

    2012-01-01

    Objectives. To evaluate scholarship, as represented by peer-reviewed journal articles, among US pharmacy practice faculty members; contribute evidence that may better inform benchmarking by academic pharmacy practice departments; and examine factors that may be related to publication rates. Methods. Journal articles published by all pharmacy practice faculty members between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2010, were identified. College and school publication rates were compared based on public vs. private status, being part of a health science campus, having a graduate program, and having doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) faculty members funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Results. Pharmacy practice faculty members published 6,101 articles during the 5-year study period, and a pharmacy practice faculty member was the primary author on 2,698 of the articles. Pharmacy practice faculty members published an average of 0.51 articles per year. Pharmacy colleges and schools affiliated with health science campuses, at public institutions, with NIH-funded PharmD faculty members, and with graduate programs had significantly higher total publication rates compared with those that did not have these characteristics (p<0.006). Conclusion. Pharmacy practice faculty members contributed nearly 6,000 unique publications over the 5-year period studied. However, this reflects a rate of less than 1 publication per faculty member per year, suggesting that a limited number of faculty members produced the majority of publications. PMID:23049099

  7. Afterword - Why Peer Review Journals?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ellen Yi-Luen Do

    2003-01-01

    More than 50% of academic libraries' budgets are spent on peer review journal subscriptions [1]. One may wonder why these publications (often) with plain and dull covers (unlike those attractive, colorful magazines on newsstands), small subscription base and specialized readership carry such importance. The reason is simple. Publishing a journal for interested researchers, academics, and practitioners benefits the advancement of

  8. Knowledge Exchange records from 01/04/2013 31/03/2014 CATEGORY 2 -Peer-reviewed journal articles (38 records)

    E-print Network

    Knowledge Exchange records from 01/04/2013 ­ 31/03/2014 CATEGORY 2 - Peer-reviewed journal articles/00000043/00000001/art000 02 Bib type: A GMD: Periodical article Entered: 16/05/2013 0000008b Updated: 25/06/2013 0000008 an evolutionary process and allowing generation turnover in the forest. Bib type: A GMD: Periodical article

  9. Knowledge Exchange records from 01/04/2013 20/01/2014 CATEGORY 2 -Peer-reviewed journal articles (31 records)

    E-print Network

    Knowledge Exchange records from 01/04/2013 ­ 20/01/2014 CATEGORY 2 - Peer-reviewed journal articles/00000043/00000001/art000 02 Bib type: A GMD: Periodical article Entered: 16/05/2013 0000008b Updated: 25/06/2013 0000008 an evolutionary process and allowing generation turnover in the forest. Bib type: A GMD: Periodical article

  10. NHEERL'S PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES, 2001-2002, TOTAL = 188 (LIST D)

    EPA Science Inventory

    This report contains an attachment in Field 14 listing the citations for all of NHEERL's journal articles published during the period June 2001 through May 2002. The report is broken down by NHEERL Division, and it includes manuscripts that have undergone clearance (but have not...

  11. NHEERL'S PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES, 2002-2003, TOTAL = 277 (LIST D)

    EPA Science Inventory

    This report contains an attachment in Field 14 listing the citations for all of NHEERL's journal articles for the period June 2002 through the first of May 2003. The report includes manuscripts that have undergone clearance (but have not yet been published) during this reporting...

  12. Consistency between Peer Reviewers for a Clinical Specialty Journal.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cullen, David J.; Macaulay, Anne

    1992-01-01

    Analysis of reliability among peer reviews of 422 unsolicited articles for the "Journal of Clinical Anesthesia" found that most articles' reviews were consistent or near consistent. However, articles reviewed by two of the editorial board members were much less likely to be accepted than those read by two nonmembers. (Author/MSE)

  13. Thinking Collaboratively about the Peer-Review Process for Journal-Article Publication

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kumashiro, Kevin K.

    2005-01-01

    In this conversation, Kevin K. Kumashiro shares his reflections on challenges to publishing anti-oppressive research in educational journals. He then invites eight current and former editors of leading educational research journals--William F. Pinar, Elizabeth Graue, Carl A. Grant, Maenette K. P. Benham, Ronald H. Heck, James Joseph Scheurich,…

  14. A systematic guide for peer reviewers for a medical journal.

    PubMed

    Garfield, Joseph M; Kaye, Alan David; Kolinsky, Daniel C; Urman, Richard D

    2015-01-01

    Performing a peer review of an article under consideration for publication requires not only an understanding of the subject matter, but also a systematic approach that includes screening for conflicts of interest; determining whether the manuscript is within or outside the reviewer's area of expertise; properly classifying the manuscript; and writing a detailed, organized review. Although some journals may provide guidelines for the reviewers, the guidelines usually are not detailed and do not take into consideration the variability in reviewer experience. This article is meant to serve as a guideline for peer reviewers and provide concrete information on how to write a comprehensive, unbiased review that will serve both the author and the journal well. PMID:26062311

  15. The Validity of Peer Review in a General Medicine Journal

    PubMed Central

    Jackson, Jeffrey L.; Srinivasan, Malathi; Rea, Joanna; Fletcher, Kathlyn E.; Kravitz, Richard L.

    2011-01-01

    All the opinions in this article are those of the authors and should not be construed to reflect, in any way, those of the Department of Veterans Affairs. Background Our study purpose was to assess the predictive validity of reviewer quality ratings and editorial decisions in a general medicine journal. Methods Submissions to the Journal of General Internal Medicine (JGIM) between July 2004 and June 2005 were included. We abstracted JGIM peer review quality ratings, verified the publication status of all articles and calculated an impact factor for published articles (Rw) by dividing the 3-year citation rate by the average for this group of papers; an Rw>1 indicates a greater than average impact. Results Of 507 submissions, 128 (25%) were published in JGIM, 331 rejected (128 with review) and 48 were either not resubmitted after revision was requested or were withdrawn by the author. Of 331 rejections, 243 were published elsewhere. Articles published in JGIM had a higher citation rate than those published elsewhere (Rw: 1.6 vs. 1.1, p?=?0.002). Reviewer quality ratings of article quality had good internal consistency and reviewer recommendations markedly influenced publication decisions. There was no quality rating cutpoint that accurately distinguished high from low impact articles. There was a stepwise increase in Rw for articles rejected without review, rejected after review or accepted by JGIM (Rw 0.60 vs. 0.87 vs. 1.56, p<0.0005). However, there was low agreement between reviewers for quality ratings and publication recommendations. The editorial publication decision accurately discriminated high and low impact articles in 68% of submissions. We found evidence of better accuracy with a greater number of reviewers. Conclusions The peer review process largely succeeds in selecting high impact articles and dispatching lower impact ones, but the process is far from perfect. While the inter-rater reliability between individual reviewers is low, the accuracy of sorting is improved with a greater number of reviewers. PMID:21799867

  16. journals.tdl.org/twj An online, peer-reviewed journal

    E-print Network

    Yang, Zong-Liang

    journals.tdl.org/twj An online, peer-reviewed journal published in cooperation with the Texas Water Resources Institute http://journals.tdl.org/twj THE TEXAS WATER JOURNAL is an online, peer-reviewed journal Resources Institute Volume 1, Number 1September 2010 TEXAS WATER JOURNAL Inaugural Issue Desalination

  17. Publications on Health Peer-Reviewed Articles

    E-print Network

    Lopez-Carr, David

    or Spurious Census Data: Spooning through the Yogurt Myth.Journal of Rural Studies (27): 135-149. Jones, I., D-4 pp. 273 ­ 290. Book Chapters Ervin, D. A. López-Carr, D. López-Carr (2013). The Nutrition Transition

  18. Impact of peer review on reports of randomised trials published in open peer review journals: retrospective before and after study

    PubMed Central

    Collins, Gary S; Boutron, Isabelle; Yu, Ly-Mee; Cook, Jonathan; Shanyinde, Milensu; Wharton, Rose; Shamseer, Larissa; Altman, Douglas G

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effectiveness of open peer review as a mechanism to improve the reporting of randomised trials published in biomedical journals. Design Retrospective before and after study. Setting BioMed Central series medical journals. Sample 93 primary reports of randomised trials published in BMC-series medical journals in 2012. Main outcome measures Changes to the reporting of methodological aspects of randomised trials in manuscripts after peer review, based on the CONSORT checklist, corresponding peer reviewer reports, the type of changes requested, and the extent to which authors adhered to these requests. Results Of the 93 trial reports, 38% (n=35) did not describe the method of random sequence generation, 54% (n=50) concealment of allocation sequence, 50% (n=46) whether the study was blinded, 34% (n=32) the sample size calculation, 35% (n=33) specification of primary and secondary outcomes, 55% (n=51) results for the primary outcome, and 90% (n=84) details of the trial protocol. The number of changes between manuscript versions was relatively small; most involved adding new information or altering existing information. Most changes requested by peer reviewers had a positive impact on the reporting of the final manuscript—for example, adding or clarifying randomisation and blinding (n=27), sample size (n=15), primary and secondary outcomes (n=16), results for primary or secondary outcomes (n=14), and toning down conclusions to reflect the results (n=27). Some changes requested by peer reviewers, however, had a negative impact, such as adding additional unplanned analyses (n=15). Conclusion Peer reviewers fail to detect important deficiencies in reporting of the methods and results of randomised trials. The number of these changes requested by peer reviewers was relatively small. Although most had a positive impact, some were inappropriate and could have a negative impact on reporting in the final publication. PMID:24986891

  19. Peer review and journal impact factor: the two pillars of contemporary medical publishing

    PubMed Central

    Triaridis, S; Kyrgidis, A

    2010-01-01

    The appraisal of scientific quality is a particularly difficult problem. Editorial boards resort to secondary criteria including crude publication counts, journal prestige, the reputation of authors and institutions, and estimated importance and relevance of the research field, making peer review a controversial rather than a rigorous process. On this background different methods for evaluating research may become required, including citation rates and journal impact factors (IF), which are thought to be more quantitative and objective indicators, directly related to published science. The aim of this review is to go into the two pillars of contemporary medical publishing, that is the peer review process and the IF. Qualified experts' reviewing the publications appears to be the only way for the evaluation of medical publication quality. To improve and standardise the principles, procedures and criteria used in peer review evaluation is of great importance. Standardizing and improving training techniques for peer reviewers, would allow for the magnification of a journal's impact factor. This may be a very important reason that impact factor and peer review need to be analyzed simultaneously. Improving a journal's IF would be difficult without improving peer-review efficiency. Peer-reviewers need to understand the fundamental principles of contemporary medical publishing, that is peer-review and impact factors. The current supplement of the Hippokratia for supporting its seminar for reviewers will help to fulfil some of these scopes. PMID:21487485

  20. This is a post-peer-review pre-print version of an article published in Journal of Romance Studies. The definitive publisher-authenticated version of "Williams, M.T. (2004) Plein soleil

    E-print Network

    Southampton, University of

    2004-01-01

    1 This is a post-peer-review pre-print version of an article published been transposed into the two films. Such sun-drenched (homo)erotics seem far removed from the oblique to elucidate variations and idiosyncrasies in the films' reworking of Highsmith, I will attempt

  1. Writing and Publishing a Research Paper in a Peer-Reviewed Journal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Stephen R.

    2007-01-01

    Writing and publishing a research paper in a peer-reviewed journal is a complicated process. This paper tries to take some of the mystery out of that process by describing how a good research paper should be structured, and how the journal submission process works.

  2. Are Peer Reviewers Encouraged to Use Reporting Guidelines? A Survey of 116 Health Research Journals

    E-print Network

    be misleading, wasteful and even harmful. Reporting guidelines are tools that in addition to helping authors prepare better manuscripts may help peer reviewers in assessing them. We examined journals' instructions of 116 journals from the McMaster list. Main outcomes were 1) identification of online instructions

  3. Responsible authorship and peer review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James R. Wilson

    2002-01-01

    In this article the basic principles of responsible authorship and peer review are surveyed, with special emphasis on (a)\\u000a guidelines for refereeing archival journal articles and proposals; and (b) how these guidelines should be taken into account\\u000a at all stages of writing.

  4. The Relationship of Previous Training and Experience of Journal Peer Reviewers to Subsequent Review Quality

    PubMed Central

    Callaham, Michael L; Tercier, John

    2007-01-01

    Background Peer review is considered crucial to the selection and publication of quality science, but very little is known about the previous experiences and training that might identify high-quality peer reviewers. The reviewer selection processes of most journals, and thus the qualifications of their reviewers, are ill defined. More objective selection of peer reviewers might improve the journal peer review process and thus the quality of published science. Methods and Findings 306 experienced reviewers (71% of all those associated with a specialty journal) completed a survey of past training and experiences postulated to improve peer review skills. Reviewers performed 2,856 reviews of 1,484 separate manuscripts during a four-year study period, all prospectively rated on a standardized quality scale by editors. Multivariable analysis revealed that most variables, including academic rank, formal training in critical appraisal or statistics, or status as principal investigator of a grant, failed to predict performance of higher-quality reviews. The only significant predictors of quality were working in a university-operated hospital versus other teaching environment and relative youth (under ten years of experience after finishing training). Being on an editorial board and doing formal grant (study section) review were each predictors for only one of our two comparisons. However, the predictive power of all variables was weak. Conclusions Our study confirms that there are no easily identifiable types of formal training or experience that predict reviewer performance. Skill in scientific peer review may be as ill defined and hard to impart as is “common sense.” Without a better understanding of those skills, it seems unlikely journals and editors will be successful in systematically improving their selection of reviewers. This inability to predict performance makes it imperative that all but the smallest journals implement routine review ratings systems to routinely monitor the quality of their reviews (and thus the quality of the science they publish). PMID:17411314

  5. Publications on Land Use/Cover Change and Deforestation Peer-Reviewed Articles

    E-print Network

    Lopez-Carr, David

    Publications on Land Use/Cover Change and Deforestation Peer-Reviewed Articles Pricope, N. G., G. López-Carr, D. Redo, M. Bonilla, M. Levy (2013). Deforestation and reforestation of Latin America and the Caribbean (2001-2010). Biotropica. 45(2): 262-271. López-Carr, D. and J. Burgdorfer (2013) "Deforestation

  6. The distribution of forensic journals, reflections on authorship practices, peer-review and role of the impact factor.

    PubMed

    Jones, Alan Wayne

    2007-01-17

    This article presents information about journals specializing in the forensic sciences and legal medicine, their development and distribution and their current status as reflected in the journal impact factor. The first scientific journal devoted to spreading information and reporting new developments in social and legal medicine seemingly originated in Germany about 150 years ago. The official journal of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Journal of Forensic Sciences, JFS) was founded in 1956 and has enjoyed 50 years of scholarly publishing. The two leading European journals specializing in forensics are Forensic Science International (FSI) and International Journal of Legal Medicine (IJLM). Besides the size of the circulation, the readership numbers, the quality of the editorial staff and the peer-reviewers, the number of submitted and accepted manuscripts, considerable interest has focused on the journal's impact factor as a measure of prestige. The 2006 impact factor of a certain journal is derived by counting the number of citations in 2006 to all material published in the journal in the previous 2 years (2004 and 2005) and dividing this total by the number of citable items (articles and reviews) published in the same 2 years. Impact factors for several thousand scientific journals are compiled and published by a company called Thomson Institute for Scientific Information (Thomson ISI) and are available on-line via the database Journal Citation Reports. Forensic journals are grouped within the subject category Medicine, Legal, which currently comprises nine journals a few of which are seemingly unrelated to mainstream forensics. The top-ranked forensic journal in terms of its impact factor was IJLM with a score of just over 2.0 in 2004. This means that the average article published in 2003 and 2002 was cited twice per year in the 2-year window after publication. Impact factors of forensic journals are fairly low in comparison with many other disciplines, probably because of the small size of the field, fewer active researchers and less pressure to publish. The relatively low impact factors of forensic journals should be less of a concern than ensuring that manuscripts receive a rigorous and preferably an open peer-review prior to acceptance for publication. The information, conclusions and opinions published in forensic science journals might one day be proffered as evidence in criminal or civil litigation. PMID:16784827

  7. Publications on Rural Poverty and Development Peer-Reviewed Articles

    E-print Network

    Lopez-Carr, David

    in the agricultural frontier: the Maya Biosphere Reserve, Guatemala. Proceedings of the 2013 International Union settler households in an agricultural frontier in Guatemala's Maya Biosphere Reserve. Journal of Global. Grunberg y S. Elias. Guatemala City, Guatemala: Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO). p

  8. This is an Accepted Article that has been peer-reviewed and approved for publication in the The Journal of Physiology, but has yet to undergo copy-editing and proof correction. Please cite this article as an 'Accepted

    E-print Network

    in the The Journal of Physiology, but has yet to undergo copy-editing and proof correction. Please cite this article cardiac contractility Kenneth S. Gresham1 , Ranganath Mamidi1 , and Julian E. Stelzer1 1 Department of Physiology and Biophysics, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA

  9. Licensing the future: report on BioMed Central's public consultation on open data in peer-reviewed journals.

    PubMed

    Hrynaszkiewicz, Iain; Busch, Stefan; Cockerill, Matthew J

    2013-01-01

    We report the outcomes of BioMed Central's public consultation on implementing open data-compliant licensing in peer-reviewed open access journals. Respondents (42) to the 2012 consultation were six to one in favor (29 in support; 5 against; 8 abstentions) of changing our authors' default open access copyright license agreement, to introduce the Creative Commons CC0 public domain waiver for data published in BioMed Central's journals. We summarize the different questions we received in response to the consultation and our responses to them - matters such as citation, plagiarism, patient privacy, and commercial use were raised. In light of the support for open data in our journals we outline our plans to implement, in September 2013, a combined Creative Commons Attribution license for published articles (papers) and Creative Commons CC0 waiver for published data. PMID:23962139

  10. Peer Review of Teaching

    PubMed Central

    Fernandez, Charles E.; Yu, Jenny

    2007-01-01

    This article provides an overview and description of peer review of teaching for faculty members and administrators who would like to implement a peer review program. This may include classroom and clinical settings. A brief overview, procedure, and a teaching competence evaluation rubric are provided PMID:18483580

  11. Editorial Peer Reviewers' Recommendations at a General Medical Journal: Are They Reliable and Do Editors Care?

    PubMed Central

    Kravitz, Richard L.; Franks, Peter; Feldman, Mitchell D.; Gerrity, Martha; Byrne, Cindy; Tierney, William M.

    2010-01-01

    Background Editorial peer review is universally used but little studied. We examined the relationship between external reviewers' recommendations and the editorial outcome of manuscripts undergoing external peer-review at the Journal of General Internal Medicine (JGIM). Methodology/Principal Findings We examined reviewer recommendations and editors' decisions at JGIM between 2004 and 2008. For manuscripts undergoing peer review, we calculated chance-corrected agreement among reviewers on recommendations to reject versus accept or revise. Using mixed effects logistic regression models, we estimated intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC) at the reviewer and manuscript level. Finally, we examined the probability of rejection in relation to reviewer agreement and disagreement. The 2264 manuscripts sent for external review during the study period received 5881 reviews provided by 2916 reviewers; 28% of reviews recommended rejection. Chance corrected agreement (kappa statistic) on rejection among reviewers was 0.11 (p<.01). In mixed effects models adjusting for study year and manuscript type, the reviewer-level ICC was 0.23 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.19–0.29) and the manuscript-level ICC was 0.17 (95% CI, 0.12–0.22). The editors' overall rejection rate was 48%: 88% when all reviewers for a manuscript agreed on rejection (7% of manuscripts) and 20% when all reviewers agreed that the manuscript should not be rejected (48% of manuscripts) (p<0.01). Conclusions/Significance Reviewers at JGIM agreed on recommendations to reject vs. accept/revise at levels barely beyond chance, yet editors placed considerable weight on reviewers' recommendations. Efforts are needed to improve the reliability of the peer-review process while helping editors understand the limitations of reviewers' recommendations. PMID:20386704

  12. Re-Viewing Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flynn, Elizabeth A.

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the author revisits her essay, "Students as Readers of Their Classmates' Writing," by providing a review of the literature on peer review over the past three decades and comments on patterns she sees in waves of peer review research and theorizing. She describes her subsequent experience with peer review in her own classes, and…

  13. Using Peer Reviews to Examine Micropolitics and Disciplinary Development of Engineering Education: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beddoes, Kacey

    2014-01-01

    This article presents a case study of the peer review process for a feminist article submitted to an engineering education journal. It demonstrates how an examination of peer review can be a useful approach to further understanding the development of feminist thought in education fields. Rather than opposition to feminist thought per se, my…

  14. Peer review statement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2015-06-01

    All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

  15. Advancing Kinesiology through Improved Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knudson, Duane V.; Morrow, James R., Jr.; Thomas, Jerry R.

    2014-01-01

    Peer review of scholarship is essential to journal quality, evidence, knowledge advancement, and application of that knowledge in any field. This commentary summarizes recent literature on issues related to peer-review quality and current review practice in kinesiology and provides recommendations to improve peer review in kinesiology journals. We…

  16. Peer Review Summary Document Peer Review Plan

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Summary Document (1/9/2012) Peer Review Plan http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review of Hawai`i Economic Research Organization). Peer Reviewers Expertise and Credentials Peer Reviewer #1 ­ Ph of terrestrial ecosystems in Hawaii and Pacific islands. Peer Reviewer #2 ­ Ph.D. in Botany, Emeritus Professor

  17. Publication Rates of Public Health Theses in International and National Peer-Review Journals in Turkey

    PubMed Central

    Sipahi, H; Durusoy, R; Ergin, I; Hassoy, H; Davas, A; Karababa, AO

    2012-01-01

    Background: Thesis is an important part of specialisation and doctorate education and requires intense work. The aim of this study was to investigate the publication rates of Turkish Public Health Doctorate Theses (PHDT) and Public Health Specialization (PHST) theses in international and Turkish national peer-review journals and to analyze the distribution of research areas. Methods: List of all theses upto 30 September 2009 were retrieved from theses database of the Council of Higher Education of the Republic of Turkey. The publication rates of these theses were found by searching PubMed, Science Citation Index-Expanded, Turkish Academic Network and Information Center (ULAKBIM) Turkish Medical Database, and Turkish Medline databases for the names of thesis author and mentor. The theses which were published in journals indexed either in PubMed or SCI-E were considered as international publications. Results: Our search yielded a total of 538 theses (243 PHDT, 295 PHST). It was found that the overall publication rate in Turkish national journals was 18%. The overall publication rate in international journals was 11.9%. Overall the most common research area was occupational health. Conclusion: Publication rates of Turkish PHDT and PHST are low. A better understanding of factors affecting this publication rate is important for public health issues where national data is vital for better intervention programs and develop better public health policies. PMID:23193503

  18. Writing to Learn: An Evaluation of the Calibrated Peer Review Program in Two Neuroscience Courses

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    J. Roxanne Prichard (Bates College; )

    2005-10-16

    This journal article describes the use of Calibrated Peer Review (CPR), a free, web-based writing and peer review program designed to alleviate instructor workload, in two undergraduate neuroscience courses: an upper-level sensation and perception course (41 students, three assignments) and an introductory neuroscience course (50 students; two assignments).

  19. Peer review statement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2015-06-01

    All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

  20. Peer review statement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2015-05-01

    All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

  1. Licensing the future: report on BioMed Central’s public consultation on open data in peer-reviewed journals

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    We report the outcomes of BioMed Central’s public consultation on implementing open data-compliant licensing in peer-reviewed open access journals. Respondents (42) to the 2012 consultation were six to one in favor (29 in support; 5 against; 8 abstentions) of changing our authors’ default open access copyright license agreement, to introduce the Creative Commons CC0 public domain waiver for data published in BioMed Central’s journals. We summarize the different questions we received in response to the consultation and our responses to them – matters such as citation, plagiarism, patient privacy, and commercial use were raised. In light of the support for open data in our journals we outline our plans to implement, in September 2013, a combined Creative Commons Attribution license for published articles (papers) and Creative Commons CC0 waiver for published data. PMID:23962139

  2. PsycINFO is one of three databases on the APA PsycNET platform: PsycARTICLES A full-text database of 80+ peer-reviewed journals from the

    E-print Network

    Rzepa, Henry S.

    the search boxes. Enter the author's last name, a space, and their first name, or the initial e.g. Griffin in a specific journal, select the Journals Lookup option, beneath the search boxes. Enter the words of a journal to Search. TERM FINDER SEARCH You can search for documents using one or more of the index terms

  3. Teaching Peer Review and the Process of Scientific Writing

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dr. William H. Guilford (University of Virginia Department of Biomedical Engineering)

    2002-01-25

    Many undergraduate and graduate students understand neither the process of scientific writing nor the significance of peer review. In response, some instructors have created writing assignments that teach or mimic parts of the scientific publishing process. However, none fully reproduced peer review and revision of papers together with the writing and publishing process from research to final, accepted draft. In addition, most have been instituted at the graduate rather than undergraduate level. We present a detailed method for teaching undergraduate students the full scientific publishing process, including anonymous peer review, during the process of writing a "term paper." The result is a review article in the format for submission to a major scientific journal. This method has been implemented in the course Cell and Molecular Biology for Engineers at the University of Virginia. Use of this method resulted in improved grades, much higher quality in the final manuscript, greater objectivity in grading, and improved understanding of the importance of peer review.

  4. Peer Review Summary Document Peer Review Plan

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Summary Document (12/11/13) Peer Review Plan http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review.S. Dalyander, J.W. Long, N.G. Plant, and D.M. Thompson. Peer Reviewers Expertise and Credentials Reviewer #1 in Economics and Environmental Studies from Bowdoin College. The reviewer has over 30 years of experience

  5. Human-Wildlife Interactions HumanWildlife Interactions (ISSN 2155-3858) is a peer-reviewed journal published two times a year by the

    E-print Network

    Human-Wildlife Interactions Human­Wildlife Interactions (ISSN 2155-3858) is a peer-reviewed journal is available at www.BerrymanInstitute. org. Prior to 2010, the journal was named Human­Wildlife Conflicts. ©2012 Jack H. Berryman Institute. Material appearing in Human­Wildlife Interactions may

  6. Calibrated Peer Review

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    What is Calibrated Peer ReviewTM? Calibrated Peer ReviewTM (CPR) (more info) is a web-based writing and peer review tool free to instructors and their classes. Students write short essays on a given topic following ...

  7. Peer Review Summary Document (11/9/2012)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Summary Document (11/9/2012) Peer Review Plan http:// www.usgs.gov/peer_review/docs/coal_tar_sealants_and_cancer_risk.pdf exposures. The reviewer has published 15 articles in the peer-reviewed literature, as cited by Scopus [18 KB PDF] Title and Authorship of Information Product Disseminated Cancer Risk from Incidental

  8. Planning for Peer Review of Teaching

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Victoria Mundy

    1999-01-01

    Peer review of teaching can help departments improve their treatment of teaching as disciplinary scholarship. Peer review encourages collegial discussion about teaching and creates a framework for thorough evaluation of teaching. The authors of this article reviewed literature that describes the benefits of peer review, and that which describes steps for implementing departmental peer review programs. The benefits of a well-designed, well-implemented system of peer review include improved teaching, elevated morale and productivity, and closer working relationships in a department. Steps to creating an effective, beneficial peer review program include describing the goals of the program, describing good teaching in a department, crafting clear and equitable review procedures, training reviewers, finding opportunities for teachers to learn new instructional techniques, and rewarding participation. Communication, trust, and integrity are key ingredients of successful peer review of teaching.

  9. Research & Librarianship. Research and Practice in Academic Libraries: A Case Study; The Current State of Public Library Research in Select Peer-Reviewed Journals: 1996-2000; From Research to Action in School Library Media Programs; Collaborative Authorship in 'North Carolina Libraries': Past, Present, and Future; Publications and Sinners: Research from the Church Library Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foote, Margaret; DuBose, Stefanie; Durant, David; Hersberger, Julie; Demas, Christopher; Dickinson, Gail K.

    2001-01-01

    This section includes five articles on research and librarianship including a case study on research and practice in academic libraries; select peer-reviewed journals that examine the current state of public library research (1996-2000); development of research on school library media programs; benefits of collaborative authorship for librarians…

  10. Publications on Population Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

    E-print Network

    Lopez-Carr, David

    -Carr (2011). Social Identity, Perception and Motivation in Adaptation to Climate Risk in the Coffee Sector of Migrant Remittances on Population-Environment Dynamics in Migrant Origin Areas: International Migration.edu/download.aspx?submissionId=100685. Davis, J. and D. López-Carr (2010). The Effects of Migrant Remittances on Consumption in Highland

  11. Publications on Latin America Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

    E-print Network

    Lopez-Carr, David

    -Carr (2011). Social Identity, Perception and Motivation in Adaptation to Climate Risk in the Coffee Sector). The Effects of Migrant Remittances on Population-Environment Dynamics in Migrant Origin Areas: International/full/178.pdf. Frank, E., H. Eakin, D. López-Carr (2010). Risk Perception and Adaptation to Climate Risk

  12. American Journal of Public Health | Supplement 1, 2010, Vol. 100, No. S1S56 | Public Health Then and Now | Peer Reviewed | Wilson PUBLIC HEALTH THEN AND NOW

    E-print Network

    Martinez, Tony R.

    American Journal of Public Health | Supplement 1, 2010, Vol. 100, No. S1S56 | Public Health Then and Now | Peer Reviewed | Wilson PUBLIC HEALTH THEN AND NOW THE UNION ARMY PENSION system was the nation system and, finally, into a broad- based old-age pension for almost all Union Army veterans. Indeed

  13. Open access publishing and peer reviews : new models Marie Pascale Baligand, Cemagref, 3 bis quai Chauveau, 69336 Lyon cedex 09, France

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Open access publishing and peer reviews : new models Marie Pascale Baligand, Cemagref, 3 bis quai: In the traditional scientific publishing business, journals limit access to subscribers or sell articles on a pay per to publish papers rapidly while accessing peer review and publishing discussion papers enabling interactive

  14. Evaluative Language in Peer Review Referee Reports

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fortanet, Inmaculada

    2008-01-01

    Most international journals and conferences currently use the peer review system to ensure the quality of their contributions. Among the various types of peer review, the "blind" and the "anonymous" review seem to be the most common. Reviewers, or referees, usually write reports anonymously to indicate to authors what they should change in their…

  15. 30 THIS ARTICLE HAS BEEN PEER-REVIEWED. COMPUTING IN SCIENCE & ENGINEERING C O M P U T I N G

    E-print Network

    Shenoy, Prashant

    30 THIS ARTICLE HAS BEEN PEER-REVIEWED. COMPUTING IN SCIENCE & ENGINEERING C L O U D C O M P U T I N G CloudCast: Cloud Computing for Short-Term Weather Forecasts CloudCast provides personalized by today's cloud platforms is well suited for the bursty computational demands of these appli- cations

  16. 2 This arTicle has been peer-reviewed. Computing in SCienCe & engineering H u r r i c a n e

    E-print Network

    2 This arTicle has been peer-reviewed. Computing in SCienCe & engineering H u r r i c a n e p r e d observations for cloud-resolving hurricane initialization and forecasting for Hurricane Katrina. Advanced Data Assimilation for Cloud-Resolving Hurricane Initialization and Prediction H urricanes are among the costliest

  17. 28 This arTicle has been peer-reviewed. Computing in SCienCe & engineering E a r t h q u a k e

    E-print Network

    Krishnan, Swaminathan

    28 This arTicle has been peer-reviewed. Computing in SCienCe & engineering E a r t h q u a k e E n and high-fidelity numerical models synergistically to create rupture-to-rafters simulations. This end-to-end approach promises to significantly advance earthquake damage prediction, preparation, mitigation

  18. Peer Review Marek J. Druzdzel

    E-print Network

    Brusilovsky, Peter

    Peer Review Marek J. Druzdzel with minor additions from Peter Brusilovsky University of Pittsburgh://www.pitt.edu/~druzdzel Peer Review Peer Review Overview · Peer review · How to do it well? · Concluding remarks #12;Peer Review Peer review Peer review is used in: 1.Publishing research results 2.Awarding of funding

  19. Thanking our peer reviewers

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Contributing reviewers As 2013 commences I would like to take a moment to reflect and recognize the peer reviewers that made the previous year possible. Listed below are those people who reviewed for Molecular Cancer last year. All are generous individuals who donated their time to assessing and improving our authors’ submissions. Your combined efforts have been invaluable to the editorial staff in maintaining the continued success of the journal in the Open Access forum. The editors of Molecular Cancer would like to thank all the reviewers who contributed to the journal in Volume 11 (2012) by participating in the review process - taking time out of your busy schedules and even to volunteer - without your critical insights, hard work and support for the journal we wouldn’t be able to do what we do.

  20. Open by default: a proposed copyright license and waiver agreement for open access research and data in peer-reviewed journals.

    PubMed

    Hrynaszkiewicz, Iain; Cockerill, Matthew J

    2012-01-01

    Copyright and licensing of scientific data, internationally, are complex and present legal barriers to data sharing, integration and reuse, and therefore restrict the most efficient transfer and discovery of scientific knowledge. Much data are included within scientific journal articles, their published tables, additional files (supplementary material) and reference lists. However, these data are usually published under licenses which are not appropriate for data. Creative Commons CC0 is an appropriate and increasingly accepted method for dedicating data to the public domain, to enable data reuse with the minimum of restrictions. BioMed Central is committed to working towards implementation of open data-compliant licensing in its publications. Here we detail a protocol for implementing a combined Creative Commons Attribution license (for copyrightable material) and Creative Commons CC0 waiver (for data) agreement for content published in peer-reviewed open access journals. We explain the differences between legal requirements for attribution in copyright, and cultural requirements in scholarship for giving individuals credit for their work through citation. We argue that publishing data in scientific journals under CC0 will have numerous benefits for individuals and society, and yet will have minimal implications for authors and minimal impact on current publishing and research workflows. We provide practical examples and definitions of data types, such as XML and tabular data, and specific secondary use cases for published data, including text mining, reproducible research, and open bibliography. We believe this proposed change to the current copyright and licensing structure in science publishing will help clarify what users - people and machines - of the published literature can do, legally, with journal articles and make research using the published literature more efficient. We further believe this model could be adopted across multiple publishers, and invite comment on this article from all stakeholders in scientific research. PMID:22958225

  1. Open by default: a proposed copyright license and waiver agreement for open access research and data in peer-reviewed journals

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Copyright and licensing of scientific data, internationally, are complex and present legal barriers to data sharing, integration and reuse, and therefore restrict the most efficient transfer and discovery of scientific knowledge. Much data are included within scientific journal articles, their published tables, additional files (supplementary material) and reference lists. However, these data are usually published under licenses which are not appropriate for data. Creative Commons CC0 is an appropriate and increasingly accepted method for dedicating data to the public domain, to enable data reuse with the minimum of restrictions. BioMed Central is committed to working towards implementation of open data-compliant licensing in its publications. Here we detail a protocol for implementing a combined Creative Commons Attribution license (for copyrightable material) and Creative Commons CC0 waiver (for data) agreement for content published in peer-reviewed open access journals. We explain the differences between legal requirements for attribution in copyright, and cultural requirements in scholarship for giving individuals credit for their work through citation. We argue that publishing data in scientific journals under CC0 will have numerous benefits for individuals and society, and yet will have minimal implications for authors and minimal impact on current publishing and research workflows. We provide practical examples and definitions of data types, such as XML and tabular data, and specific secondary use cases for published data, including text mining, reproducible research, and open bibliography. We believe this proposed change to the current copyright and licensing structure in science publishing will help clarify what users – people and machines – of the published literature can do, legally, with journal articles and make research using the published literature more efficient. We further believe this model could be adopted across multiple publishers, and invite comment on this article from all stakeholders in scientific research. PMID:22958225

  2. NASA Product Peer Review Process

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jenks, Ken

    2009-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation describes NASA's product peer review process. The contents include: 1) Inspection/Peer Review at NASA; 2) Reasons for product peer reviews; 3) Different types of peer reviews; and 4) NASA requirements for peer reviews. This presentation also includes a demonstration of an actual product peer review.

  3. The power of nursing peer review.

    PubMed

    Spiva, Lee Anna; Jarrell, Nicole; Baio, Pamela

    2014-11-01

    This article describes how an integrated healthcare system created a nursing peer-review structure to empower nurses to make practice changes and enhance professional accountability. A nursing peer-review committee and tools supporting the process were developed and implemented. PMID:25340923

  4. PEER REVIEW PROGRAM

    SciTech Connect

    MOGHISSI, A ALAN; LOVE, BETTY R; STRAJA, SORIN R

    2007-09-29

    The Institute for Regulatory Science (RS) and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) jointly estab lished a peer-review program. As the program evolved, four types of review were established. A process for stakeholder participation in peer review eetings was also developed. While a committee established by the ASME provided oversight to the peer-review process, the RSI managed the day-to-day operations of peer review panels. In addition to the reports resulting from peer review of specific projects, several documents were prepared to facilitate the review process, all of which were widely distributed.

  5. Submission of scientifically sound and ethical manuscripts to peer-reviewed journals - a reviewer's personal perspective on bioanalytical publications.

    PubMed

    Weng, Naidong

    2012-11-01

    In the pharmaceutical industry, bioanalysis is very dynamic and is probably one of the few fields of research covering the entire drug discovery, development and post-marketing process. Important decisions on drug safety can partially rely on bioanalytical data, which therefore can be subject to regulatory scrutiny. Bioanalytical scientists have historically contributed significant numbers of scientific manuscripts in many peer-reviewed analytical journals. All of these journals provide some high-level instructions, but they also leave sufficient flexibility for reviewers to perform independent critique and offer recommendations for each submitted manuscript. Reviewers play a pivotal role in the process of bioanalytical publication to ensure the publication of high-quality manuscripts in a timely fashion. Their efforts usually lead to improved manuscripts. However, it has to be a joint effort among authors, reviewers and editors to promote scientifically sound and ethically fair bioanalytical publications. Most of the submitted manuscripts were well written with only minor or moderate revisions required for further improvement. Nevertheless, there were small numbers of submitted manuscripts that did not meet the requirements for publications because of scientific or ethical deficiencies, which are discussed in this Letter to the Editor. PMID:22987619

  6. 11/13/14, 6:38 PM"Crappy Gabor paper": Overly honest citation slips into peer-reviewed journal Ethology. Page 1 of 7http://www.slate.com/blogs/future_tense/2014/11/11/_crappy_gabor_paper_overly_honest_citation_slips_into_peer_reviewed_journal.html

    E-print Network

    Tomforde, Mark

    Ethology. Page 1 of 7http://www.slate.com/blogs/future_tense/2014/11/11/_crappy_gabor_paper and editing mistakes are common on blogs and even in print newspapers, where reporters and editors are working into peer-reviewed journal Ethology. Page 2 of 7http://www.slate.com/blogs/future_tense/2014/11/11/_crappy

  7. Real-time peer review: an innovative feature to an evidence-based practice conference.

    PubMed

    Eldredge, Jonathan D; Phillips, Holly E; Kroth, Philip J

    2013-01-01

    Many health sciences librarians as well as other professionals attend conferences on a regular basis. This study sought to link an innovative peer review process of presented research papers to long-term conference outcomes in the peer-reviewed professional journal literature. An evidence-based conference included a proof-of-concept study to gauge the long-term outcomes from research papers presented during the program. Real-time peer review recommendations from the conference were linked to final versions of articles published in the peer-reviewed literature. The real-time peer review feedback served as the basis for further mentoring to guide prospective authors toward publishing their research results. These efforts resulted in the publication of two of the four research papers in the peer-viewed literature. A third presented paper appeared in a blog because the authors wanted to disseminate their findings more quickly than through the journal literature. The presenters of the fourth paper never published their study. Real-time peer review from this study can be adapted to other professional conferences that include presented research papers. PMID:24180649

  8. Real-Time Peer Review: An Innovative Feature to an Evidence-Based Practice Conference

    PubMed Central

    Eldredge, Jonathan D.; Phillips, Holly E.; Kroth, Philip J.

    2013-01-01

    Many health sciences librarians as well as other professionals attend conferences on a regular basis. This study sought to link an innovative peer review process of presented research papers to long-term conference outcomes in the peer-reviewed professional journal literature. An evidence-based conference included a proof-of-concept study to gauge the long-term outcomes from research papers presented during the program. Real-time peer review recommendations from the conference were linked to final versions of articles published in the peer-reviewed literature. The real-time peer review feedback served as the basis for further mentoring to guide prospective authors toward publishing their research results. These efforts resulted in the publication of two of the four research papers in the peer-viewed literature. A third presented paper appeared in a blog because the authors wanted to disseminate their findings more quickly than through the journal literature. The presenters of the fourth paper never published their study. Real-time peer review from this study can be adapted to other professional conferences that include presented research papers. PMID:24180649

  9. Peer Review Groups Peer Review Forms due: Tuesday, December 2

    E-print Network

    Glaz, Sarah

    MATH 2720W Fall 2014 Sarah Glaz Peer Review Groups Peer Review Forms due: Tuesday, December 2, peer review comments for each paper assigned to you need to be done on the Peer-Review forms. A Word file of the Peer-Review form may be downloaded from the course's webpage. We will work-shop the drafts

  10. Coherent measures of the impact of co-authors in peer review journals and in proceedings publications

    E-print Network

    Ausloos, Marcel

    2015-01-01

    This paper focuses on the coauthor effect in different types of publications, usually not equally respected in measuring research impact. {\\it A priori} unexpected relationships are found between the total coauthor core value, $m_a$, of a leading investigator (LI), and the related values for their publications in either peer review journals ($j$) or in proceedings ($p$). A surprisingly linear relationship is found: $ m_a^{(j)} + 0.4\\;m_a^{(p)} = m_a^{(jp)} $. Furthermore, another relationship is found concerning the measure of the total number of citations, $A_a$, i.e. the surface of the citation size-rank histogram up to $m_a$. Another linear relationship exists : $A_a^{(j)} + 1.36\\; A_a^{(p)} = A_a^{(jp)} $. These empirical findings coefficients (0.4 and 1.36) are supported by considerations based on an empirical power law found between the number of joint publications of an author and the rank of a coauthor. Moreover, a simple power law relationship is found between $m_a$ and the number ($r_M$) of coauthor...

  11. Predatory publishing, questionable peer review, and fraudulent conferences.

    PubMed

    Bowman, John D

    2014-12-15

    Open-access is a model for publishing scholarly, peer-reviewed journals on the Internet that relies on sources of funding other than subscription fees. Some publishers and editors have exploited the author-pays model of open-access, publishing for their own profit. Submissions are encouraged through widely distributed e-mails on behalf of a growing number of journals that may accept many or all submissions and subject them to little, if any, peer review or editorial oversight. Bogus conference invitations are distributed in a similar fashion. The results of these less than ethical practices might include loss of faculty member time and money, inappropriate article inclusions in curriculum vitae, and costs to the college or funding source. PMID:25657363

  12. [The manuscripts'? review process in Revista Médica de Chile and its peer-reviewers during the year 2013].

    PubMed

    Reyes B, Humberto; Andresen H, Max; Palma H, Joaquín

    2014-07-01

    Mainstream journals, whether printed or electronic, are characterized--among other standards--by the use of external peer review to critically assess those manuscripts that have been submitted for publication. The editors usually rely on peer reviewers? reports although their decisions are independent and usually final. The mission of Revista Médica de Chile includes the education of authors by guiding and stimulating them to improve their manuscripts before its acceptance and publication. Therefore the criticism, advice, and specific suggestions contained in peer reviewers? reports are a crucial tool to fulfill this mission. The present article indicates that during the year 2013, 422 persons participated as peer-reviewers of one or more manuscripts. Their names are listed in recognition of their voluntary contribution to the quality of this journal. PMID:25378011

  13. Writing Science Fiction Stories to Motivate Analysis of Journal Articles

    E-print Network

    Kontur, F J

    2014-01-01

    For many students, college physics courses have little or even negative impact on their beliefs about the connection between physics and the everyday world. One way to help students see this connection is to incorporate analysis of science articles into the course. For introductory courses, one might have students discuss newspaper articles related to science or articles from popular science magazines while articles from peer-reviewed journals might be more appropriate for honors-level or upper-division courses. In this work, I describe a project done in a two-semester upper-division electricity and magnetism course at the United States Air Force Academy in which students were required to use the science from a peer-reviewed journal article to write a science fiction story. Although others have utilized science fiction stories in physics courses, this is the first article to describe a project in which students write their own science fiction stories in a physics course.

  14. Marketing Academics' Perceptions of the Peer Review Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, Charles D.; Hair, Joe F.; Hermanson, Dana R.; Crittenden, Victoria L.

    2012-01-01

    Publication in refereed journals is critical to career success for most marketing faculty members, and the peer review process is the gatekeeper for a refereed journal. The study reported here examines marketing academics' perceptions of this peer review process. Based on responses from 653 marketing academics, we find favorable overall…

  15. Peer Review Changes Taking Shape at NIH

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2009-02-01

    This is an article from The Physiologist. As an agency-wide assessment of its peer review system draws to a close, NIH has issued a series of notices outlining its plans for implementing the suggested changes.

  16. Citation of non-English peer review publications – some Chinese examples

    PubMed Central

    Fung, Isaac CH

    2008-01-01

    Articles published in English language journals with citations of non-English peer reviewed materials are not very common today. However, as epidemiologists are becoming more aware of data and information being readily available and accessible in the non-English literature, the question of whether non-English materials can be cited in English language journals and if so, how should they be cited, has become an increasingly important issue. Bringing together personal insights from the author's familiarity with both the English and Chinese language epidemiological literature and results from a survey on the use of citations of non-English peer reviewed materials across a sample of epidemiology and public health journals, this commentary discusses the different ways authors cite non-English articles in different English language journals and the different methods used by journals to handle non-Latin scripts (e.g. transliteration). This commentary will be useful to both epidemiologists and editors alike. PMID:18826566

  17. College Reading Research and Practice: Articles from "The Journal of College Literacy and Learning."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paulson, Eric J., Ed.; Laine, Michaeline E., Ed.; Biggs, Shirley A., Ed.; Bullock, Terry L., Ed.

    This volume presents 27 articles from "The Journal of College Literacy and Learning," a peer-reviewed journal (formerly the "Forum for Reading") produced by the International Reading Association's College Literacy and Learning Special Interest Group. Following "Foreword" (Donna E. Alvermann) and "Introduction" (Eric J. Paulson; Michael E. Laine;…

  18. Designing Peer Review for Pedagogical Success: What Can We Learn from Professional Science?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trautmann, Nancy M.

    2009-01-01

    This article compares peer review in professional versus education settings, summarizing key aspects of scientific peer review and reflecting on how these relate to the process as experienced by students. Consideration of professional peer review benefits educators in two ways. First, systems used for student peer review can employ some of the…

  19. Demographic Research a free, expedited, online journal of peer-reviewed research and commentary

    E-print Network

    Cohen, Joel E.

    of the reciprocal of the survival-specific force of mortality Joel E. Cohen This article is part of the Special-weighted average of the reciprocal of the survival-specific force of mortality Joel E. Cohen 1 Abstract The hazard Collection "Formal Relationships". Guest Editors are Joshua R. Goldstein and James W. Vaupel. c 2010 Joel E

  20. The literature of occupational science: A systematic, quantitative examination of peer?reviewed publications from 1996–2006

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jennifer S. Glover

    2009-01-01

    Few works have used a systematic approach to examine the formal body of knowledge of occupational science. This article reports the findings of a quantitative analysis of 244 overtly labeled occupational science articles published in peer?reviewed journals between 1996 and 2006. The sample was obtained through searches of four publication databases and results were statistically analyzed for association of publication?related

  1. Training for Peer Review

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Nancy R. Gough (American Association for the Advancement of Science; Science Signaling REV)

    2009-08-25

    Learning the peer-review process by trial and error may not be the most effective way to train the next generation of scientists in how to be effective reviewers. Here are some suggestions from an editor's perspective.

  2. Step 3: Peer Review

    Cancer.gov

    The NIH peer review system consists of two sequential levels of review mandated in 1974 by Section 475 of the Public Health Service Act. This dual review process provides a more objective evaluation than a single level of peer review by guaranteeing that the members of the scientific research community evaluate the projects scientific and technical merit. The goal of the system is to provide the responsible NIH official with the best advice available regarding both scientific and societal values and needs.

  3. Impartial Judgment by the “Gatekeepers” of Science: Fallibility and Accountability in the Peer Review Process

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mohammadreza Hojat; Joseph S. Gonnella; Addeane S. Caelleigh

    2003-01-01

    High publication demands and the low acceptance rate of peer review journals place the journal editors and their reviewers in a powerful position. Journal reviewers have a vital role not only in influencing the journal editor's publication decisions, but also in the very nature and direction of scientific research. Because of their influence in peer review outcomes, journal reviewers are

  4. ForPeerReview PUBLIC ACCEPTANCE OF OFFSHORE WIND POWER

    E-print Network

    Firestone, Jeremy

    ForPeerReview PUBLIC ACCEPTANCE OF OFFSHORE WIND POWER PROJECTS IN THE UNITED STATES Journal: Wind, Andrew; Minerals Management Service Keywords: offshore wind power, public opinion, social acceptancePeerReview 1 PUBLIC ACCEPTANCE OF OFFSHORE WIND POWER PROJECTS IN THE UNITED STATES Jeremy Firestone*, Willett

  5. Suggestions to Improve Social Work Journal Editorial and Peer-Review Processes: The San Antonio Response to the Miami Statement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holden, Gary; Thyer, Bruce A.; Baer, Judith; Delva, Jorge; Dulmus, Catherine N.; Shanks, Trina Williams

    2008-01-01

    Interest in and concern about scholarly communications through social work journals seem to have increased recently. One indicator of this concern was the publication of the Miami statement. A Society for Social Work and Research Presidential Task Force was created to continue work on these issues. This article discusses the work of one…

  6. AcceptedArticle This article has been accepted for publication and undergone full peer review but has not

    E-print Network

    Wood, Spencer

    to differences between this version and the Version of Record. Please cite this article as doi: 10.1111/mec.12992 polymorphisms in genes with putative involvement in floral odour production, including a previously identified candidate gene thought to be involved in the biosynthesis of pseudo- pheromones by the orchid flowers. Taken

  7. Student Peer Review Decisions on Submitted Manuscripts Are as Stringent as Faculty Peer Reviewers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Navalta, James W.; Lyons, T. Scott

    2010-01-01

    The "International Journal of Exercise Science" is the only student-centered peer-reviewed journal in its field. Upon graduate student first author submissions, two student reviewers and one faculty reviewer are asked to review. On professionally submitted papers, two faculty peers are asked to assess the manuscript. The purpose of the present…

  8. The Importance of Peer Review: Thoughts on Knudson, Morrow, and Thomas (2014)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fischman, Mark G.

    2014-01-01

    Knudson, Morrow, and Thomas (2014) recently summarized a number of important issues related to the quality of peer review and current peer-review practice in kinesiology. This writer endorses their six recommendations for improving peer review in kinesiology journals. The purpose of this commentary is to further highlight the importance of…

  9. This is the authors' final version, post peer-review, of an article published in European Urology doi.org/10.1016/j.eururo.2012.07.028. The definitive

    E-print Network

    Pym, David J.

    1 This is the authors' final version, post peer-review, of an article published in European Urology a Academic Urology Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom b Division of Urology, University of the Philippines-Manila, Manila, Philippines c Department of Urology, Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Aberdeen, United

  10. Diatom immigration drives biofilm recovery after chronic copper exposure 1 This is the peer-reviewed version of the following article: Diatom immigration drives biofilm recovery after chronic copper

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Diatom immigration drives biofilm recovery after chronic copper exposure 1 2 3 4 5 This is the peer-reviewed version of the following article: Diatom immigration drives biofilm recovery after trajectories of coppercontaminated biofilms after reducing copper stress and with or without the possibility

  11. CARD No. 27 Peer Review

    E-print Network

    CARD No. 27 Peer Review 27.A.1 BACKGROUND The Compliance Criteria require DOE to conduct peer review of certain elements of the WIPP so that others working in the field of radioactive waste disposal Certification Application (CCA) (61 FR 5228). EPA imposed specific requirements for the conduct of peer review

  12. Should Biomedical Publishing Be “Opened Up”? Toward a Values-Based Peer-Review Process

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wendy Lipworth; Ian H. Kerridge; Stacy M. Carter; Miles Little

    Peer review of manuscripts for biomedical journals has become a subject of intense ethical debate. One of the most contentious\\u000a issues is whether or not peer review should be anonymous. This study aimed to generate a rich, empirically-grounded understanding\\u000a of the values held by journal editors and peer reviewers with a view to informing journal policy. Qualitative methods were\\u000a used

  13. [Double-blind peer review].

    PubMed

    Fenyvesi, Tamás

    2002-02-01

    The peer review process in medical sciences is much debated. The method is not yet evidence based. Who are the reviewers and how do they perform? They are "independent" experts. As such they are bound to be involved in research similar to that outlined in the manuscript. Very often they are contestant in the same race. That is why the author consider the double blind method, where the author is blinded and the reviewer masked from each other's identity, the best choice. Nevertheless in very many scientific journals of high quality and envied impact factors do not blind the identity of the authors. Science is a race for fame, self accomplishment and also a means to get grants for pursuing the scientific research. Only success is able to provide resources for expensive scientific research. There is no fail-safe method against bias in grant giving and editorial process. In the tidal wave of electronic information it is mandatory to help in differentiating between signal and noise in science. Peer review is the best method to protect readers from the trash of uncontrolled publications in medical science. PMID:11875838

  14. Strategies for eliminating unfairness in peer review.

    PubMed

    Rozovsky, F A; Rozovsky, L E

    1992-01-01

    Physicians often find themselves the victims of uninformed peer review practices whereby hospital boards make decisions regarding medical staff privileges without adequately evaluating the charges and without affording physicians the appropriate due process protections. In addition to damaging a physician's reputation, such unfair review practices can lead to liability exposure and expensive and prolonged litigation. This article describes how medical staff physicians and hospital board members can avoid these problems by taking an active and informed role in the peer review process. PMID:10115449

  15. The new peer review.

    PubMed Central

    Kohane, I. S.; Altman, R. B.

    2000-01-01

    It is widely recognized that the Internet has fundamentally changed the dynamics of publication, and in particular, it is clear that there is no effective way to control the release of any web-based publication. The scientific and lay literature is now accessible to the public with unprecedented ease Recent proposals to start a life sciences online repository of preprints highlights the trend towards "publish first, review later" that seems to be emerging. Does this mean that the peer review process is dead? It certainly suggests that there is a need for a change in how the process works. We discuss currently available technologies to enable the implementation of new, distributed peer review process benefiting multiple user communities. PMID:11079920

  16. The Potential of Dual-Language Cross-Cultural Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruecker, Todd

    2011-01-01

    This article explores the potential of dual-language cross-cultural peer review and how it improves on traditional monolingual and monocultural peer review. Drawing on scholarship related to international exchange programmes, peer review, and two-way immersion programmes in the United States as well as data collected while facilitating the…

  17. Quality Control and Peer Review of Data Sets: Mapping Data Archiving Processes to Data Publication Requirements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mayernik, M. S.; Daniels, M.; Eaker, C.; Strand, G.; Williams, S. F.; Worley, S. J.

    2012-12-01

    Data sets exist within scientific research and knowledge networks as both technical and non-technical entities. Establishing the quality of data sets is a multi-faceted task that encompasses many automated and manual processes. Data sets have always been essential for science research, but now need to be more visible as first-class scholarly objects at national, international, and local levels. Many initiatives are establishing procedures to publish and curate data sets, as well as to promote professional rewards for researchers that collect, create, manage, and preserve data sets. Traditionally, research quality has been assessed by peer review of textual publications, e.g. journal articles, conference proceedings, and books. Citation indices then provide standard measures of productivity used to reward individuals for their peer-reviewed work. Whether a similar peer review process is appropriate for assessing and ensuring the quality of data sets remains as an open question. How does the traditional process of peer review apply to data sets? This presentation will describe current work being done at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in the context of the Peer REview for Publication & Accreditation of Research Data in the Earth sciences (PREPARDE) project. PREPARDE is assessing practices and processes for data peer review, with the goal of developing recommendations. NCAR data management teams perform various kinds of quality assessment and review of data sets prior to making them publicly available. The poster will investigate how notions of peer review relate to the types of data review already in place at NCAR. We highlight the data set characteristics and management/archiving processes that challenge the traditional peer review processes by using a number of questions as probes, including: Who is qualified to review data sets? What formal and informal documentation is necessary to allow someone outside of a research team to review a data set? What data set review can be done pre-publication, and what must be done post-publication? What components of the data sets review processes can be automated, and what components will always require human expertise and evaluation?

  18. Writing a narrative biomedical review: considerations for authors, peer reviewers, and editors.

    PubMed

    Gasparyan, Armen Yuri; Ayvazyan, Lilit; Blackmore, Heather; Kitas, George D

    2011-11-01

    Review articles comprehensively covering a specific topic are crucial for successful research and academic projects. Most editors consider review articles for special and regular issues of journals. Writing a review requires deep knowledge and understanding of a field. The aim of this review is to analyze the main steps in writing a narrative biomedical review and to consider points that may increase the chances of success. We performed a comprehensive search through MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, and Web of Science using the following keywords: review of the literature, narrative review, title, abstract, authorship, ethics, peer review, research methods, medical writing, scientific writing, and writing standards. Opinions expressed in the review are also based on personal experience as authors, peer reviewers, and editors. PMID:21800117

  19. ForPeerReview Persuasive communication and advertising efficacy for

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ForPeerReview Persuasive communication and advertising efficacy for public health policy Research Article Keywords: Persuasive communication, Pragmatics, Social advertising, Health communication and preventive advertising. http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/commresearch Communication Researchhalshs-00410054

  20. Student peer review decisions on submitted manuscripts are as stringent as faculty peer reviewers

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2010-10-01

    The International Journal of Exercise Science is the only student-centered peer-reviewed journal in its field. Upon graduate student first author submissions, two student reviewers and one faculty reviewer are asked to review. On professionally submitted papers, two faculty peers are asked to assess the manuscript. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether graduate students returned similar decisions compared with faculty reviewers who evaluated the same manuscript. In addition, decisions of faculty peers reviewing graduate student- versus faculty-submitted manuscripts were compared. Mean comparisons between groups were evaluated using independent t-tests with significance at P ? 0.05. Graduate students (2.21 ± 0.69) and faculty peers (2.24 ± 0.66) returned similar decisions on student-submitted manuscripts (P = 0.84). Faculty decisions on manuscripts submitted by a professional primary author (1.86 ± 0.77) were not different compared with faculty peers reviewing student manuscripts (P = 0.06). Statistics revealed that graduate students are just as stringent in the peer review process as established reviewers. Additionally, faculty reviewers evaluated manuscripts equally regardless of submission type.

  1. 48 CFR 201.170 - Peer reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Peer reviews. 201.170 Section 201.170 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE...REGULATIONS SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance 201.170 Peer reviews. (a) DoD peer reviews....

  2. ForPeerReview Parasitology

    E-print Network

    Breitling, Rainer

    ForPeerReview Parasitology #12;ForPeerReview 1 THE SILICON Faculty of Biomolecular and Life Sciences and Wellcome Centre of Molecular Parasitology, University. M. Bakker, phone: +31 (0) 50 361 1542, e-mail: b.m.bakker@med.umcg.nl Page 1 of 22 Parasitology #12

  3. Involving students in peer review

    E-print Network

    Pearce, Jon

    Involving students in peer review Case studies and practical strategies for university teaching Jon, distribution and use by other institutions, with appropriate acknowledgement. Available in electronic form from......................................................................................................................................................2 1. WHAT IS STUDENT PEER REVIEW? A CONCISE REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE....................3 BENEFITS

  4. Monographicsupplementseries:WEIGHTMANAGEMENT-AgroFOODindustryhi-tech-Mar/Apr2012-vol23n2 Peer-reviewed article

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of processed foods to be increased without reducing their shelf life. Food and drinks can be sweetened of processed and farmed foods, including sugar- sweetened liquids can be increased by increasing their protein). Indeed, an article in Nature highlighted "It is difficult to refute the assertion that if modern

  5. ForPeerReview SMC Framework in Motion Control Systems

    E-print Network

    Yanikoglu, Berrin

    ForPeerReview SMC Framework in Motion Control Systems Journal: International Journal of Adaptive, Mechatronics Keywords: Motion Control, Sliding Mode Control, Bilateral Control , Interconnected Systems http acsauth.cls [Version: 2002/11/11 v1.00] SMC Framework in Motion Control Systems A. S¸abanovi¸c Sabanci

  6. ForPeerReview Information Surfing for Radiation Map Building

    E-print Network

    ForPeerReview Information Surfing for Radiation Map Building Journal: The International Journal of information surfing, where navigation is done by following information gradients, taking into account sensing metric facilitates the stability of the group motion. Information surfing allows for reactive mobile

  7. ForPeerReview Variable Irrigation District Action in Water Trading

    E-print Network

    Griffin, Ronald

    ForPeerReview Variable Irrigation District Action in Water Trading Journal: Journal of the American, Agricultural Economics Griffin, Ronald; Texas A&M University, Agricultural Economics Key Terms: Irrigation Districts, Water transfer, Water right, Rio Grand Valley, irrigation

  8. ForPeerReview No boundaries: genomes, organisms, and ecological

    E-print Network

    Etges, William J.

    for divergence and reproductive isolation. Journal: Journal of Heredity Manuscript ID: JOH-2014-006.R1 Manuscript http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/joh Manuscripts submitted to Journal of Heredity #12;ForPeerReview 1 to Journal of Heredity 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32

  9. With Google Scholar, "you can search across many disciplines and sources: peer-reviewed papers, theses, books, abstracts and articles, from academic publishers, professional societies,

    E-print Network

    With Google Scholar, "you can search across many disciplines and sources: peer-reviewed papers repositories, universities and other scholarly organizations." Google Scholar does not index popular or trade magazines. NOTE: Accessing Google Scholar through the Libraries' Electronic Databases list will enable full

  10. Peer Review Summary (5/13/2014)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Summary (5/13/2014) Peer Review Plan http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review, by Peter C. Van Metre and Barbara J. Mahler. Peer Reviewers' Expertise and Credentials Reviewer #1 and Environmental Engineering. The reviewer's USGS research has focused primarily on water-quality investigations

  11. Introduction to Scientific Journals

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Avery Shinneman

    In this activity, students are introduced to locating and reading peer-reviewed scientific journal articles. It helps ease students into the process of locating, reading, and using journal publications. This activity can be done entirely in class or a combination of in-class with homework assigned. It is a helpful way to lead students toward searching for and using the peer-reviewed literature in their own research.

  12. Don't Tell It Like It Is: Preserving Collegiality in the Summative Peer Review of Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iqbal, Isabeau A.

    2014-01-01

    While much literature has considered feedback and professional growth in formative peer reviews of teaching, there has been little empirical research conducted on these issues in the context of summative peer reviews. This article explores faculty members' perceptions of feedback practices in the summative peer review of teaching and reports…

  13. What is it? The Process Reviewing How-To The Peer Review Process

    E-print Network

    Stockie, John

    What is it? The Process Reviewing How-To The Peer Review Process John Stockie CFD Group Meeting September 16, 2013 Academic Journal Publishing John Stockie ­ SFU 1/20 #12;What is it? The Process Reviewing. This paper will go through a peer review process. Once published, you will eventually be asked to review

  14. ForPeerReview Phasor Imaging: A Generalization of Correlation-Based

    E-print Network

    Nayar, Shree K.

    ForPeerReview Phasor Imaging: A Generalization of Correlation-Based Time-of-Flight Imaging Journal.8 Transactions on Graphics #12;ForPeerReview Phasor Imaging: A Generalization of Correlation-Based Time of the radiance. We propose phasor imaging, a framework for performing fast inverse light transport analysis using

  15. ForPeerReview Perception of Mechanically and Optically Simulated Bumps

    E-print Network

    Liere, Robert van

    ForPeerReview Perception of Mechanically and Optically Simulated Bumps and Holes Journal: Transactions on Applied Perception Manuscript ID: TAP-2007-0040.R2 Manuscript Type: Paper Date Submitted Perception #12;ForPeerReview Perception of Mechanically and Optically Simulated Bumps and Holes KOERT VAN

  16. ForPeerReview A mixed-culture model of a probiotic biofilm control system

    E-print Network

    Demaret, Laurent

    ForPeerReview Only A mixed-culture model of a probiotic biofilm control system Journal; Helmholtz Centre Munich, Biomathematics and Biometry Keywords: biofilm, probiotics, mathematical model;ForPeerReview Only A mixed-culture model of a probiotic biofilm control system Hermann J. Eberl1

  17. Journal of Information, Law, and Technology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    JILT, an "electronic law journal covering a range of topics relating to IT law and applications," publishes a combination of peer and non-peer reviewed articles, as well as reviews, commentaries, and related news.

  18. Publications on the Developing World (excluding Latin America) Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

    E-print Network

    Lopez-Carr, David

    and Natural Systems: A Case Study Fanjingshan National Nature Reserve, China. Ecological Modeling. López-Carr, D., M. Jankowska, C. Funk, G. Husak, Z. Chafe (2011 in press). Climate Change and Human Health. Weeks, D. López-Carr (2010). Examining the Role of Urban Food Spaces: A Neighborhood Level Exploration

  19. Publications on Land Use/Cover Change and Deforestation Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

    E-print Network

    Lopez-Carr, David

    Use: Implications for Food Security in Latin America. Proceedings of the Tropentag 2010 World Food, and Cattle: Implications for Land Use Change and Food Security in Central America. Papers of the Global Land Coupled Human and Natural Systems: A Case Study Fanjingshan National Nature Reserve, China. Ecological

  20. List of Publications -Barbara Wohlfarth Peer-reviewed articles in international journals

    E-print Network

    Wohlfarth, Barbara

    , S., Bos, H., Engels, S., Helmens, K. F., Sánchez-Gońi, M.-F., Svensson, A. & Vandenberghe, J. (2012., Wohlfarth, B., Christen, J. A., Ampel, L., Veres, D., Hughen, K. A., Preusser, F. Svensson, A. (2010): Were, K. A., Preusser, F. Svensson, A. (

  1. Adam P. Hitchcock Publications April 28, 2014 A. Articles in fully peer-reviewed journals

    E-print Network

    Hitchcock, Adam P.

    and abiogenic magnetite and maghemite, American Mineralogist (submitted Apr 2014) In press or published (BOLD.Debe and A.P. Hitchcock, STXM Investigations of Nano Structured Thin Film Catalysts for Proton- Exchange

  2. List of Publications Prof., Dr. rer. nat. Bertram Opitz, Dipl. Biophys. Journal articles (peer-reviewed)

    E-print Network

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    engage different brain areas: Disentangling the neural correlates of valence and expectancy in feedback in Artificial Grammar Learning: Their Interplay and Individual Differences in the Brain. Neuroimage 60, 2019. Cognitive Brain Research 73, 110­118 #12;13. Spitzer, B.J., Hanslmayr, S., Opitz, B., Mecklinger, A. & Bäuml

  3. Peer Review, the Research Assessment Exercise and the Demise of Non-Mainstream Economics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frederic S. Lee; Sandra Harley

    1998-01-01

    This article argues that the theoretical and methodological divisions within economics combined with the institutional arrangement of the Research Assessment Exercise and peer review has produced a state affairs which poses a serious risk to the future existence of non-mainstream economics. The conclusion of the article is that, due to the peer review-led Research Assessment Exercise which governs the disbursement

  4. Timely deposition of macromolecular structures is necessary for peer review

    SciTech Connect

    Joosten, Robbie P. [Netherlands Cancer Institute, Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX Amsterdam (Netherlands); Soueidan, Hayssam; Wessels, Lodewyk F. A. [Netherlands Cancer Institute, Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Perrakis, Anastassis, E-mail: a.perrakis@nki.nl [Netherlands Cancer Institute, Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    2013-12-01

    Deposition of crystallographic structures should be concurrent with or prior to manuscript submission for peer review, enabling validation and increasing reliability of the PDB. Most of the macromolecular structures in the Protein Data Bank (PDB), which are used daily by thousands of educators and scientists alike, are determined by X-ray crystallography. It was examined whether the crystallographic models and data were deposited to the PDB at the same time as the publications that describe them were submitted for peer review. This condition is necessary to ensure pre-publication validation and the quality of the PDB public archive. It was found that a significant proportion of PDB entries were submitted to the PDB after peer review of the corresponding publication started, and many were only submitted after peer review had ended. It is argued that clear description of journal policies and effective policing is important for pre-publication validation, which is key in ensuring the quality of the PDB and of peer-reviewed literature.

  5. A quick guide to writing a solid peer review

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nicholas, Kimberly A.; Gordon, Wendy S.

    2011-07-01

    Scientific integrity and consensus rely on the peer review process, a defining feature of scientific discourse that subjects the literature forming the foundation of credible knowledge in a scientific field to rigorous scrutiny. However, there is surprisingly little training in graduate school on how to develop this essential skill [Zimmerman et al., 2011] or discussion of best practices to ensure that reviewers at all levels efficiently provide the most useful review. Even more challenging for the novice peer reviewer is that journals also vary widely in their review guidelines. Nonetheless, the goals of peer review are crystal clear: to ensure the accuracy and improve the quality of published literature through constructive criticism. To make the peer review process as efficient and productive as possible, you may want to consider a few useful approaches to tackling major steps throughout your review, from contemplating a review request and reading and assessing the manuscript to writing the review and interacting with the journal's editors (see Figure 1). These tips are particularly relevant for graduate students or other first-time reviewers, but they may also be useful to experienced reviewers and to journal editors seeking to enhance their publication's processes.

  6. 7 CFR 550.17 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Agreements § 550.17 Peer review. Upon request of the REE Agency, cooperators may be requested to provide documentation...be requested to participate in peer review forums to assist the REE Agency in their...

  7. 7 CFR 550.17 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Agreements § 550.17 Peer review. Upon request of the REE Agency, cooperators may be requested to provide documentation...be requested to participate in peer review forums to assist the REE Agency in their...

  8. 7 CFR 550.17 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Agreements § 550.17 Peer review. Upon request of the REE Agency, cooperators may be requested to provide documentation...be requested to participate in peer review forums to assist the REE Agency in their...

  9. 7 CFR 550.17 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Agreements § 550.17 Peer review. Upon request of the REE Agency, cooperators may be requested to provide documentation...be requested to participate in peer review forums to assist the REE Agency in their...

  10. 7 CFR 550.17 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Agreements § 550.17 Peer review. Upon request of the REE Agency, cooperators may be requested to provide documentation...be requested to participate in peer review forums to assist the REE Agency in their...

  11. 45 CFR 1388.9 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES, DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES PROGRAM THE UNIVERSITY AFFILIATED PROGRAMS § 1388.9 Peer review. (a) The purpose of the peer review process is to provide the...

  12. 45 CFR 1388.9 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES, DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES PROGRAM THE UNIVERSITY AFFILIATED PROGRAMS § 1388.9 Peer review. (a) The purpose of the peer review process is to provide the...

  13. 45 CFR 1388.9 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES, DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES PROGRAM THE UNIVERSITY AFFILIATED PROGRAMS § 1388.9 Peer review. (a) The purpose of the peer review process is to provide the...

  14. 45 CFR 1388.9 - Peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES, DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES PROGRAM THE UNIVERSITY AFFILIATED PROGRAMS § 1388.9 Peer review. (a) The purpose of the peer review process is to provide the...

  15. 28 CFR 34.105 - Peer review methods.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Peer review methods. 34.105 Section 34.105 Judicial...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.105 Peer review methods. (a)...

  16. 28 CFR 34.105 - Peer review methods.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Peer review methods. 34.105 Section 34.105 Judicial...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.105 Peer review methods. (a)...

  17. 28 CFR 34.105 - Peer review methods.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Peer review methods. 34.105 Section 34.105 Judicial...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.105 Peer review methods. (a)...

  18. 28 CFR 34.105 - Peer review methods.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Peer review methods. 34.105 Section 34.105 Judicial...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.105 Peer review methods. (a)...

  19. 28 CFR 34.105 - Peer review methods.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Peer review methods. 34.105 Section 34.105 Judicial...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.105 Peer review methods. (a)...

  20. Peer Review Guidelines and Form Peer Review Forms due: Tuesday, December 2

    E-print Network

    Glaz, Sarah

    MATH 2720W Fall 2014 Sarah Glaz Peer Review Guidelines and Form Peer Review Forms due: Tuesday, December 2 Here are some general guidelines for peer review: Read the paper through twice. First, get the general sense of the paper, and then read it to answer (in writing) the questions on the peer review form

  1. Peer Review As part of the overall evaluation process for faculty members, standing peer review

    E-print Network

    Gering, Jon C.

    Peer Review As part of the overall evaluation process for faculty members, standing peer review, scholarship, and service. Peer review committees may be established at the discipline and/or at the division level (interdisciplinary). Peer review committees will consist of at least five tenured faculty members

  2. The Dedisciplining of Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frodeman, Robert; Briggle, Adam

    2012-01-01

    The demand for greater public accountability is changing the nature of ex ante peer review at public science agencies worldwide. Based on a four year research project, this essay examines these changes through an analysis of the process of grant proposal review at two US public science agencies, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the…

  3. Mn/DOT's Project Peer Review

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    Mn/DOT's Project Management Peer Review Creating a Project Management Culture 2010 CTS Research and perspectives ·Peer Review Process and Results ·Construction Industry Perspective ·Next Steps ·Q & A #12;Why a Peer Review? Why Project Management? ·Improve project delivery performance ­ on time, on budget (an

  4. An Overview and Analysis of Journal Operations, Journal Publication Patterns, and Journal Impact in School Psychology and Related Fields

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Floyd, Randy G.; Cooley, Kathryn M.; Arnett, James E.; Fagan, Thomas K.; Mercer, Sterett H.; Hingle, Christine

    2011-01-01

    This article describes the results of three studies designed to understand better the journal operations, publishing practices, and impact of school psychology journals in recent years. The first study presents the results of a survey focusing on journal operations and peer-review practices that was completed by 61 journal editors of school…

  5. Preparing English Learners for Effective Peer Review in the Writers' Workshop

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Soo Hyon

    2015-01-01

    English Language Learners (ELLs) often face challenges when participating in peer review activities in writers' workshops. This article identifies some of the potential difficulties that ELL writers may experience, and provides teachers with strategies to address these problems. The author describes a simple three-step peer review training model…

  6. This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version-00170013,version1 HAL author manuscript Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 2007;:epub ahead of print #12

  7. Peer review versus editorial review and their role in innovative science.

    PubMed

    Steinhauser, Georg; Adlassnig, Wolfram; Risch, Jesaka Ahau; Anderlini, Serena; Arguriou, Petros; Armendariz, Aaron Zolen; Bains, William; Baker, Clark; Barnes, Martin; Barnett, Jonathan; Baumgartner, Michael; Baumgartner, Thomas; Bendall, Charles A; Bender, Yvonne S; Bichler, Max; Biermann, Teresa; Bini, Ronaldo; Blanco, Eduardo; Bleau, John; Brink, Anthony; Brown, Darin; Burghuber, Christopher; Calne, Roy; Carter, Brian; Castańo, Cesar; Celec, Peter; Celis, Maria Eugenia; Clarke, Nicky; Cockrell, David; Collins, David; Coogan, Brian; Craig, Jennifer; Crilly, Cal; Crowe, David; Csoka, Antonei B; Darwich, Chaza; Del Kebos, Topiciprin; Derinaldi, Michele; Dlamini, Bongani; Drewa, Tomasz; Dwyer, Michael; Eder, Fabienne; de Palma, Raúl Ehrichs; Esmay, Dean; Rött, Catherine Evans; Exley, Christopher; Falkov, Robin; Farber, Celia Ingrid; Fearn, William; Felsmann, Sophie; Flensmark, Jarl; Fletcher, Andrew K; Foster, Michaela; Fountoulakis, Kostas N; Fouratt, Jim; Blanca, Jesus Garcia; Sotelo, Manuel Garrido; Gittler, Florian; Gittler, Georg; Gomez, Juan; Gomez, Juan F; Polar, Maria Grazia Gonzales; Gonzalez, Jossina; Gösselsberger, Christoph; Habermacher, Lynn; Hajek, Michael; Hakala, Faith; Haliburton, Mary-Sue; Hankins, John Robert; Hart, Jason; Hasslberger, Sepp; Hennessey, Donalyn; Herrmann, Andrea; Hersee, Mike; Howard, Connie; Humphries, Suzanne; Isharc, Laeeth; Ivanovski, Petar; Jenuth, Stephen; Jerndal, Jens; Johnson, Christine; Keleta, Yonas; Kenny, Anna; Kidd, Billie; Kohle, Fritz; Kolahi, Jafar; Koller-Peroutka, Marianne; Kostova, Lyubov; Kumar, Arunachalam; Kurosawa, Alejandro; Lance, Tony; Lechermann, Michael; Lendl, Bernhard; Leuchters, Michael; Lewis, Evan; Lieb, Edward; Lloyd, Gloria; Losek, Angelika; Lu, Yao; Maestracci, Saadia; Mangan, Dennis; Mares, Alberto W; Barnett, Juan Mazar; McClain, Valerie; McNair, John Sydney; Michael, Terry; Miller, Lloyd; Monzani, Partizia; Moran, Belen; Morris, Mike; Mößmer, Georg; Mountain, Johny; Phuthe, Onnie Mary Moyo; Muńoz, Marcos; Nakken, Sheri; Wambui, Anne Nduta; Neunteufl, Bettina; Nikoli?, Dimitrije; Oberoi, Devesh V; Obmode, Gregory; Ogar, Laura; Ohara, Jo; Rybine, Naion Olej; Owen, Bryan; Owen, Kim Wilson; Parikh, Rakesh; Pearce, Nicholas J G; Pemmer, Bernhard; Piper, Chris; Prince, Ian; Reid, Terence; Rindermann, Heiner; Risch, Stefan; Robbins, Josh; Roberts, Seth; Romero, Ajeandro; Rothe, Michael Thaddäus; Ruiz, Sergio; Sacher, Juliane; Sackl, Wolfgang; Salletmaier, Markus; Sanand, Jairaj; Sauerzopf, Clemens; Schwarzgruber, Thomas; Scott, David; Seegers, Laura; Seppi, David; Shields, Kyle; Siller-Matula, Jolanta; Singh, Beldeu; Sithole, Sibusio; Six, Florian; Skoyles, John R; Slofstra, Jildou; Sole, Daphne Anne; Sommer, Werner F; Sonko, Mels; Starr-Casanova, Chrislie J; Steakley, Marjorie Elizabeth; Steinhauser, Wolfgang; Steinhoff, Konstantin; Sterba, Johannes H; Steppan, Martin; Stindl, Reinhard; Stokely, Joe; Stokely, Karri; St-Pierre, Gilles; Stratford, James; Streli, Christina; Stryg, Carl; Sullivan, Mike; Summhammer, Johann; Tadesse, Amhayes; Tavares, David; Thompson, Laura; Tomlinson, Alison; Tozer, Jack; Trevisanato, Siro I; Trimmel, Michaela; Turner, Nicole; Vahur, Paul; van der Byl, Jennie; van der Maas, Tine; Varela, Leo; Vega, Carlos A; Vermaak, Shiloh; Villasenor, Alex; Vogel, Matt; von Wintzigerode, Georg; Wagner, Christoph; Weinberger, Manuel; Weinberger, Peter; Wilson, Nick; Wolfe, Jennifer Finocchio; Woodley, Michael A; Young, Ian; Zuraw, Glenn; Zwiren, Nicole

    2012-10-01

    Peer review is a widely accepted instrument for raising the quality of science. Peer review limits the enormous unstructured influx of information and the sheer amount of dubious data, which in its absence would plunge science into chaos. In particular, peer review offers the benefit of eliminating papers that suffer from poor craftsmanship or methodological shortcomings, especially in the experimental sciences. However, we believe that peer review is not always appropriate for the evaluation of controversial hypothetical science. We argue that the process of peer review can be prone to bias towards ideas that affirm the prior convictions of reviewers and against innovation and radical new ideas. Innovative hypotheses are thus highly vulnerable to being "filtered out" or made to accord with conventional wisdom by the peer review process. Consequently, having introduced peer review, the Elsevier journal Medical Hypotheses may be unable to continue its tradition as a radical journal allowing discussion of improbable or unconventional ideas. Hence we conclude by asking the publisher to consider re-introducing the system of editorial review to Medical Hypotheses. PMID:23054375

  8. ForPeerReview Modeling the structure of mAb 14B7 bound to the anthrax protective

    E-print Network

    Gray, Jeffrey J.

    ForPeerReview Modeling the structure of mAb 14B7 bound to the anthrax protective antigen Journal 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 #12;ForPeerReview 2 Abstract The anthrax protective, Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science Key Words: affinity maturation, anthrax toxin

  9. Methodological Orientation of Research Articles Appearing in Higher Education Journals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ritter, Sherri E.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to understand the methodologies authors in higher education journals used to obtain knowledge in their fields. This study looked at five peer reviewed journals of higher education and analyzed the methods of research employed by the authors to help them answer their respective research questions. The methods of…

  10. This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Nucleic Acids Research following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version 2006 Jul 1;34(Web Server issue):W119-23 is available online at

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ,version1-23Jul2007 Author manuscript, published in "Nucleic Acids Res 2006;34(Web Server issue):W119This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Nucleic Acids Research following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version 2006 Jul 1;34(Web

  11. PUBLISHER'S ANNOUNCEMENT: Notice of changes to peer-review policy in Superconductor Science and Technology Notice of changes to peer-review policy in Superconductor Science and Technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miller, Tom

    2009-01-01

    Over the past few months, there have been a number of significant changes to the editorial peer-review system for Superconductor Science and Technology (SUST) and I would like to take this opportunity to clarify them. All regular papers submitted to the journal will now be reviewed by at least two independent anonymous referees. In the past, we have sought only one report before consulting with the Editor-in-Chief. This change is being introduced to bring SUST into line with the standard practices of IOP Publishing journals. We have now also reviewed the procedure for handling rapid communications. Rapid communications are short papers describing work that can be considered as being a major breakthrough or having major significance within the field. As such these articles are fast-tracked through our production process post-acceptance. All authors of rapid communications must now submit a letter of justification with their article explaining why their manuscript requires urgent attention. In addition, rapid communications will now be pre-reviewed by our Rapid Communications and Reviews Editor, who will make an editorial judgement as to whether it should be considered as a rapid communication or as a regular paper. We will still seek two reports from independent referees for all rapid communications. We believe that these new procedures will help us to increase the overall quality of what is already a recognized high-impact journal for the superconductivity community. We will be making further changes to the peer-review system over the coming months and I will write to you again when they are ready to be implemented. If you have any suggestions or queries, please do not hesitate to contact us at sust@iop.org.

  12. The peer-reviewed literature on undergraduate education for public health in the United States, 2004-2014.

    PubMed

    Evashwick, Connie J; Tao, Donghua; Arnold, Lauren D

    2014-01-01

    The education of undergraduate college students in the field of public health has burgeoned over the past decade. Professional literature in peer-reviewed journals is one indicator of the status of a field of study and its related body of knowledge. It is also a mechanism for sharing information among professionals about challenges, issues, experiences, and best practices. The purpose of the literature review conducted here was to describe the status of the peer-reviewed literature over the past decade pertaining to the education of undergraduates about the field of public health in the United States (U.S.). A literature search was conducted of three databases: PubMed, Scopus, and ERIC. Inclusion criteria were publication date from January 1, 2004 through July 31, 2014; written in the English language; pertaining to undergraduate education in the U.S.; and a focus on public health as the primary discipline. Public health was searched as an overarching discipline; articles focused on sub-disciplines or other health professions disciplines were excluded. The search resulted in 158 articles. Each of the authors reviewed the abstracts for all articles and read full articles when necessary. The result was 23 articles that were then considered in depth. The articles were categorized according to their primary theme: curriculum, courses, learning objectives (N?=?14); evaluation of teaching method (N?=?3); case study (N?=?3); career path and advising (N?=?2); accreditation (N?=?1). Year of publication and journal were also examined. The results of the literature search lead to several observations about how the peer-reviewed literature has been used to date and how it could be used to advance the emerging field of undergraduate education for public health. PMID:25453028

  13. The Peer-Reviewed Literature on Undergraduate Education for Public Health in the United States, 2004–2014

    PubMed Central

    Evashwick, Connie J.; Tao, Donghua; Arnold, Lauren D.

    2014-01-01

    The education of undergraduate college students in the field of public health has burgeoned over the past decade. Professional literature in peer-reviewed journals is one indicator of the status of a field of study and its related body of knowledge. It is also a mechanism for sharing information among professionals about challenges, issues, experiences, and best practices. The purpose of the literature review conducted here was to describe the status of the peer-reviewed literature over the past decade pertaining to the education of undergraduates about the field of public health in the United States (U.S.). A literature search was conducted of three databases: PubMed, Scopus, and ERIC. Inclusion criteria were publication date from January 1, 2004 through July 31, 2014; written in the English language; pertaining to undergraduate education in the U.S.; and a focus on public health as the primary discipline. Public health was searched as an overarching discipline; articles focused on sub-disciplines or other health professions disciplines were excluded. The search resulted in 158 articles. Each of the authors reviewed the abstracts for all articles and read full articles when necessary. The result was 23 articles that were then considered in depth. The articles were categorized according to their primary theme: curriculum, courses, learning objectives (N?=?14); evaluation of teaching method (N?=?3); case study (N?=?3); career path and advising (N?=?2); accreditation (N?=?1). Year of publication and journal were also examined. The results of the literature search lead to several observations about how the peer-reviewed literature has been used to date and how it could be used to advance the emerging field of undergraduate education for public health. PMID:25453028

  14. Peer Review Summary Document (May 22, 2008)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    KB PDF] for Synthesis and Assessment Product (SAP) 3.4. Charge Submitted to Peer Reviewers Charge letter [27 KB PDF] submitted to SAP 3.4 peer reviewers. Draft Document for Peer Review The draft SAP 3: Draft_SAP 3.4 Executive Summary [63 KB PDF] Draft_SAP 3.4 Chapter 1 [1.4 MB PDF] Draft_SAP 3.4 Chapter 2

  15. Sealed source peer review plan

    SciTech Connect

    Feldman, Alexander [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Leonard, Lee [RETIRED; Burns, Ron [CONTRACTOR

    2009-01-01

    Sealed sources are known quantities of radioactive materials that have been encapsulated in quantities that produce known radiation fields. Sealed sources have multiple uses ranging from instrument calibration sources to sources that produce radiation fields for experimental applications. The Off-Site Source Recovery (OSR) Project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), created in 1999, under the direction of the Waste Management Division of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Albuquerque has been assigned the responsibility to recover and manage excess and unwanted radioactive sealed sources from the public and private sector. LANL intends to ship drums containing qualified sealed sources to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) for disposal. Prior to shipping, these drums must be characterized with respect to radiological content and other parameters. The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires that ten radionulcides be quantified and reported for every container of waste to be disposed in the WIPP. The methods traditionally approved by the EPA include non-destructive assay (NDA) in accordance with Appendix A of the Contact-Handled Transuranic Waste Acceptance Criteria for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (DOE, 2002) (CH WAC). However, because of the nature and pedigree of historical records for sealed sources and the technical infeasibility of performing NDA on these sources, LANL proposes to characterize the content of these waste drums using qualified existing radiological data in lieu of direct measurement. This plan describes the process and documentation requirements for the use of the peer review process to qualify existing data for sealed radiological sources in lieu of perfonning radioassay. The peer review process will be performed in accordance with criteria provided in 40 CFR {section} 194.22 which specifies the use of the NUREG 1297 guidelines. The plan defines the management approach, resources, schedule, and technical requirements for the subject peer review.

  16. Peer Review Summary Document (3/14/2012)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    for the previous publication of this product is found at http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review/docs/pr_results_summary_rust_fungus_HI.pdf Comments The authors provided extensive data from the literature to support their response to Peer ReviewerPeer Review Summary Document (3/14/2012) Peer Review Plan http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review

  17. ForPeerReview For peer review only. Do not cite.

    E-print Network

    Suchard, Marc A.

    ForPeerReview Only For peer review only. Do not cite. Wagner and Dollo: a Stochastic Duet://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/systbiol Systematic Biology #12;ForPeerReview Only MULTI-STATE STOCHASTIC DOLLO Wagner and Dollo: a Stochastic Duet,4,5, February 6, 2008 1 Department of Biomathematics, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA

  18. Writing to Learn: An Evaluation of the Calibrated Peer Review™ Program in Two Neuroscience Courses

    PubMed Central

    Prichard, J. Roxanne

    2005-01-01

    Although the majority of scientific information is communicated in written form, and peer review is the primary process by which it is validated, undergraduate students may receive little direct training in science writing or peer review. Here, I describe the use of Calibrated Peer Review™ (CPR), a free, web-based writing and peer review program designed to alleviate instructor workload, in two undergraduate neuroscience courses: an upper- level sensation and perception course (41 students, three assignments) and an introductory neuroscience course (50 students; two assignments). Using CPR online, students reviewed primary research articles on assigned ‘hot’ topics, wrote short essays in response to specific guiding questions, reviewed standard ‘calibration’ essays, and provided anonymous quantitative and qualitative peer reviews. An automated grading system calculated the final scores based on a student’s essay quality (as determined by the average of three peer reviews) and his or her accuracy in evaluating 1) three standard calibration essays, 2) three anonymous peer reviews, and 3) his or her self review. Thus, students were assessed not only on their skill at constructing logical, evidence-based arguments, but also on their ability to accurately evaluate their peers’ writing. According to both student self-reports and instructor observation, students’ writing and peer review skills improved over the course of the semester. Student evaluation of the CPR program was mixed; while some students felt like the peer review process enhanced their understanding of the material and improved their writing, others felt as though the process was biased and required too much time. Despite student critiques of the program, I still recommend the CPR program as an excellent and free resource for incorporating more writing, peer review, and critical thinking into an undergraduate neuroscience curriculum. PMID:23493247

  19. From Qualitative Dissertation to Quality Articles: Seven Lessons Learned

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowen, Glenn A.

    2010-01-01

    New scholars frequently face an immense challenge in writing papers for publication. Qualitative research novices, in particular, experience frustration in getting peer-reviewed papers published in top-tier journals. This article is a primer on converting a dissertation based on qualitative research into a journal article. It summarizes seven…

  20. Final Independent External Peer Review Report: Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Final Independent External Peer Review Report: Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS Independent External Peer Review Report Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) for the Mechanical EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW REPORT for the Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) for the Mechanical

  1. The Problem of Humiliation in Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Comer, Debra R.; Schwartz, Michael

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the problem of vituperative feedback from peer reviewers. We argue that such feedback is morally unacceptable, insofar as it humiliates authors and damages their dignity. We draw from social-psychological research to explore those aspects of the peer-review process in general and the anonymity of blind reviewing in particular…

  2. Peer Reviewers Learn from Giving Comments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cho, Young Hoan; Cho, Kwangsu

    2011-01-01

    Research on peer reviewing has revealed that comments received from peer reviewers are helpful when it comes to making revisions in an individual's writing, but the role of providing comments to peer writers has been little explored despite the potential value of such research. In this study, we explored how student reviewers learn by reviewing…

  3. ForPeerReview Flow Field Modulation

    E-print Network

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    ForPeerReview Only Flow Field Modulation Bo Ren, Chen-Feng Li, Ming Lin, Theodore Kim, and Shi 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 #12;ForPeerReview Only IEEE TRANSACTIONS styles, and demonstrate how to achieve flexible feature enhancement and stabilization over all scales

  4. STUDENTBMJ | VOLUME 15 | MARCH 2007 Peer review

    E-print Network

    Haylett, Kevin R.

    of the next part of the process--peer review (see figure). A common scenario This time it wasn't just a piece a research paper into shape. The process was long, with rewrites, rewording, and reconsideration, which took or Changes required Editor Reviewers SubmissionSubmissionSubmissionSubmission The peer review process 96 #12

  5. Tips for Reading Scholarly and Journal Articles What is a scholarly journal/journal article?

    E-print Network

    Snider, Barry B.

    Tips for Reading Scholarly and Journal Articles What is a scholarly journal/journal article articles in them are how that knowledge is shared with others (like students!). In order to stay up to understand the author Authors of journal articles always have an argument they are trying to convince you

  6. ForPeerReview Late Pleistocene mountain glaciation in Alaska: Key chronologies

    E-print Network

    Briner, Jason P.

    ForPeerReview Late Pleistocene mountain glaciation in Alaska: Key chronologies Journal: Journal; Northern Arizona University, Geology Keywords: Alaska, glaciation, late Pleistocene, chronology, alpine Pleistocene mountain glaciation in Alaska: Key chronologies JASON P. BRINER1 and DARRELL S. KAUFMAN2 1 Geology

  7. Trend towards multiple authorship in occupational medicine journals

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sami Shaban; Tar-Ching Aw

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There is an established trend towards an increasing number of authors per article in prestigious journals for medicine and health sciences. It is uncertain whether a similar trend occurs to the same extent in journals for specific medical specialties. METHODS: Journals focusing on occupational medicine were selected for analysis with regard to single or multiple-authorship per peer-reviewed paper. Data

  8. Investigating Peer Review as an Intentional Learning Strategy to Foster Collaborative Knowledge-Building in Students of Instructional Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brill, Jennifer M.; Hodges, Charles B.

    2011-01-01

    Peer review has been advocated for as an intentional strategy to support the knowledge and skill attainment of adult learners preparing for professional practice, including those students preparing for instructional design and technology practice. The purposes of this article are to discuss the practical application of peer review as an…

  9. 28 CFR 34.104 - Use of peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Use of peer review. 34.104 Section 34.104 Judicial Administration...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.104 Use of peer review. (a)...

  10. 28 CFR 34.104 - Use of peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Use of peer review. 34.104 Section 34.104 Judicial Administration...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.104 Use of peer review. (a)...

  11. 28 CFR 34.104 - Use of peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Use of peer review. 34.104 Section 34.104 Judicial Administration...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.104 Use of peer review. (a)...

  12. 28 CFR 34.104 - Use of peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Use of peer review. 34.104 Section 34.104 Judicial Administration...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.104 Use of peer review. (a)...

  13. 28 CFR 34.104 - Use of peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Use of peer review. 34.104 Section 34.104 Judicial Administration...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Peer Review § 34.104 Use of peer review. (a)...

  14. AVIAN/WIND STATISTICAL PEER REVIEW PROJECT

    E-print Network

    ............................................................................................................................................ 7 WAS THE STATISTICAL METHODOLOGY USED ON THE ANALYSIS CONSISTENT WITH ACCEPTED METHODS USEDAVIAN/WIND STATISTICAL PEER REVIEW PROJECT Prepared for: California Energy Commission Prepared by IN OTHER BIO-STATISTICAL ANALYSES

  15. The use of standards for peer review of online nursing courses: a pilot study.

    PubMed

    Little, Barbara Battin

    2009-07-01

    This article describes a pilot study on the use of online course standards for peer review of Web-based nursing courses. A peer review team consisting of a nurse educator and an instructional designer piloted the use of two sets of online course standards in two RN-to-baccalaureate nursing courses. The College of Public Health Online Course Standards and the Quality Matters (QM) Peer Course Review Rubric were used to review the courses. The standards facilitated the peer review process and supplied important criteria for measuring the quality of the courses. Analysis of the rubric scores revealed trends in criteria not met in either course, indicating the need for educational program improvement and faculty training. The QM tool had more consistent results among peer reviewers and was perceived as easier to use. In addition, QM standards provided a useful mechanism for benchmarking against higher education courses throughout the United States. PMID:19634268

  16. This article has been accepted for publication and undergone full peer review but has not been through the copyediting, typesetting, pagination and proofreading process, which may

    E-print Network

    Chuong, Cheng-Ming

    University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA1 Centre for Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine, King's College London and wound healing. Thus, we propose a refined nomenclature for the cells and adipose tissue underlying-2014 Article type : Viewpoint Defining dermal adipose tissue Ryan Driskell2, Colin A. B. Jahoda3, Cheng

  17. Article Review

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Karen Bridges

    During the semester, students must complete two article reviews. They are required to summarize and critically evaluate a recent article pertaining to a topic in Earth Science. Articles may include topics such as global warming, ocean water chemistry, magnetic field wander, hurricane formation, etc. Articles are generally from popular science magazines (Discover, ScienceNews, GeoTimes)but may include artiticles from peer reviewed journals. Students must, in their 2-3 page paper summarize the article, but the most important part I look for is their critical assessment of the science process with an explicit description of how the evidence in the article supports their conclusion.

  18. Peer-reviewed Journal Publications D. Bruce, P. Pathmanathan, J. Whiteley. Modelling the effect of gap junctions on tissue-level cardiac

    E-print Network

    Martin, Ralph R.

    of computational cardiac models, Frontiers in Physiology, vol 4(358), 2013. P. Pathmanathan & R. Gray, Verification of computational models of cardiac electro-physiology, Int. Journal for Numerical Methods in Bioengineering. Niederer, D. Gavaghan, D. Kay. Computational modelling of cardiac electro-physiology: explanation

  19. This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Nephrology dialysis transplantation following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in Nephrology dialysis transplantation following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version://ndt.oxfordjournals.org/ Decisions making concerning life-sustaining treatment in paediatric nephrology: professionals' experiences), the SFNP (French's speakers Paediatric Society of Nephrology) and Laboratories Gallia for their support

  20. This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Nephrology dialysis transplantation following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Nephrol

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in Nephrology dialysis transplantation following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version://ndt.oxfordjournals.org/ DECISIONS CONCERNING POTENTIAL LIFE-SUSTAINING TREATMENTS IN PAEDIATRIC NEPHROLOGY Multicentre study title: reflections on life-sustaining treatments in paediatric nephrology 1 Laboratoire d

  1. ForPeerReview Gifted girls and non-mathematical aspirations: A

    E-print Network

    Bardsley, John

    ForPeerReview Gifted girls and non-mathematical aspirations: A longitudinal case study of two gifted Korean girls Journal: Gifted Child Quarterly Manuscript ID: Draft Manuscript Type: Original Korean girls choice of non-mathematical fields Gifted girls and non-mathematical aspirations

  2. ForPeerReview Bayes and Empirical Bayes : do they merge?

    E-print Network

    Rousseau, Judith

    ForPeerReview Bayes and Empirical Bayes : do they merge? Journal: Biometrika Manuscript ID: Draft Scricciolo, Catia; Bocconi Universtiy, Decision Sciences Keywords: Bayeian statistics, empirical Bayes in Great Britain Bayes and empirical Bayes: do they merge? BY S. PETRONE Bocconi University, Milan, Italy

  3. ForPeerReview Wave-cloud lines over northwest Australia

    E-print Network

    Birch, Cathryn

    ForPeerReview Wave-cloud lines over northwest Australia Journal: QJRMS Manuscript ID: QJ-12-0097.R1 northwest Australia Cathryn E. Birch1 and Michael J. Reeder2 For submission to QJRMS 1 Institute for Climate Sciences, Monash University, Australia and Centre of Excellence for Climate System Science, Australia

  4. ForPeerReview Avian Hepatitis E virus infection and possible associated

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in broiler breeder flocks in Hungary Journal: Avian Pathology Manuscript ID: CAVP-2008-0018.R3 Manuscript in broiler breeder flocks in Hungary Chris J. Morrow 1* , Gyizi Samu2 , Eszter Mátrai, Ákos Klausz2 , Susanne://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/cavp Avian Pathologypeer-00540128,version1-26Nov2010 #12;ForPeerReview Only Abstract In broiler breeder

  5. ForPeerReview Microbiology and performance of a methanogenic biofilm reactor during the1

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ForPeerReview 1 Microbiology and performance of a methanogenic biofilm reactor during the1 start (present adress).7 Abbreviated running headline: Start-up of a methanogenic biofilm reactor8 Correspondence and performance of a methanogenic biofilm reactor during the start-up period. Journal of Applied Microbiology, vol

  6. ForPeerReview Fragmentation-free LC-MS can identify hundreds of

    E-print Network

    Clote, Peter

    . of Washington, Dept of Medicinal Chemistry Clote, Peter; Boston College, Biology Dept; Ecole Polytechnique, LIX Université Paris 7, Paris, France 6 University of Washington, Dept of Medicinal Chemistry, Seattle, WA, USA 7ForPeerReview Fragmentation-free LC-MS can identify hundreds of proteins. Journal: PROTEOMICS

  7. ForPeerReview Ice age True Polar wander in a compressible and non

    E-print Network

    ForPeerReview Ice age True Polar wander in a compressible and non hydrostatic Earth Journal approach" to the Earth's rotation developed during the eighties and nineties, both for ice age and mantle of Earth Sciences "A. Desio" Ricard, Yanick; ENS Lyon, Earth's Sciences Keywords: Earth rotation variations

  8. ForPeerReview Abnormal Digital Neurovascular Response to Local Heating

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    response in SSc Page 1 of 23 Rheumatology 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 60 HALauthormanuscriptinserm-00273825,version1 HAL author manuscript Rheumatology / British Journal of Rheumatology 2008;:epub ahead of print #12;ForPeerReview 2 Abstract Objectives. To investigate neurovascular

  9. [Improving patient safety through voluntary peer review].

    PubMed

    Kluge, S; Bause, H

    2015-01-01

    The intensive care unit (ICU) is one area of the hospital in which processes and communication are of primary importance. Errors in intensive care units can lead to serious adverse events with significant consequences for patients. Therefore quality and risk-management are important measures when treating critically ill patients. A pragmatic approach to support quality and safety in intensive care is peer review. This approach has gained significant acceptance over the past years. It consists of mutual visits by colleagues who conduct standardised peer reviews. These reviews focus on the systematic evaluation of the quality of an ICU's structure, its processes and outcome. Together with different associations, the State Chambers of Physicians and the German Medical Association have developed peer review as a standardized tool for quality improvement. The common goal of all stakeholders is the continuous and sustainable improvement in intensive care with peer reviews significantly increasing and improving communication between professions and disciplines. Peer reviews secure the sustainability of planned change processes and consequently lead the way to an improved culture of quality and safety. PMID:25421137

  10. PATHOGEN TRANSPORT AND FATE MODELING IN THE UPPER SALEM RIVER WATERSHED USING SWAT MODEL - PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLE

    EPA Science Inventory

    Simulation of the fate and transport of pathogen contamination was conducted with SWAT for the Upper Salem River Watershed, located in Salem County, New Jersey. This watershed is 37 km2 and land uses are predominantly agricultural. The watershed drains to a 32 km str...

  11. Connecting the role of school superintendents to teaching and learning in schools: a research synthesis of three educational administration peer reviewed research journals between 1983-2006 

    E-print Network

    Shidemantle, Steven Paul

    2008-10-10

    This exploratory synthesis of research was the product of three years of dissertation research efforts that systematically reviewed 23 years of empirical articles between 1983 (or its inception) and 2006 from three of ...

  12. Peer Reviewed Articles * Denotes Student author

    E-print Network

    Yang, Zong-Liang

    -shaped islands on Mars: Implications for outflow channel formation: Geology, v.39, no.7; p. 699-702 [Link on Quaternary deepwater sedimentation, mud diapirism, and hydrocarbon distribution within the actively evolving

  13. Electronic Journal of Qualitative Theory of Differential Equations

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Burton, T. A. (Theodore Allen), 1935-

    Created by the Bolyai Institute at the University of Szeged, the "Electronic Journal of Qualitative Theory of Differential Equations" publishes peer-reviewed articles related to "the qualitative theory (stability, periodicity, soundness, etc.) of differential equations (ODE's, PDE's, integral equations, functional differential equations, etc.) and their applications." Proceedings of conferences are also available in the journal.

  14. Using simplified peer review processes to fund research: a prospective study

    PubMed Central

    Herbert, Danielle L; Graves, Nicholas; Clarke, Philip; Barnett, Adrian G

    2015-01-01

    Objective To prospectively test two simplified peer review processes, estimate the agreement between the simplified and official processes, and compare the costs of peer review. Design, participants and setting A prospective parallel study of Project Grant proposals submitted in 2013 to the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) of Australia. The official funding outcomes were compared with two simplified processes using proposals in Public Health and Basic Science. The two simplified processes were: panels of 7 reviewers who met face-to-face and reviewed only the nine-page research proposal and track record (simplified panel); and 2 reviewers who independently reviewed only the nine-page research proposal (journal panel). The official process used panels of 12 reviewers who met face-to-face and reviewed longer proposals of around 100 pages. We compared the funding outcomes of 72 proposals that were peer reviewed by the simplified and official processes. Main outcome measures Agreement in funding outcomes; costs of peer review based on reviewers’ time and travel costs. Results The agreement between the simplified and official panels (72%, 95% CI 61% to 82%), and the journal and official panels (74%, 62% to 83%), was just below the acceptable threshold of 75%. Using the simplified processes would save $A2.1–$A4.9 million per year in peer review costs. Conclusions Using shorter applications and simpler peer review processes gave reasonable agreement with the more complex official process. Simplified processes save time and money that could be reallocated to actual research. Funding agencies should consider streamlining their application processes. PMID:26137884

  15. 7 CFR 3411.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE NATIONAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE COMPETITIVE GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3411.11 Composition of peer review groups. (a)...

  16. 7 CFR 3411.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE NATIONAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE COMPETITIVE GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3411.11 Composition of peer review groups. (a)...

  17. 28 CFR 34.102 - Peer review procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...OJJDP “Peer Review Guideline,” developed in...specifying substantive and procedural matters related to the peer review process, the “Guideline” addresses such issues...reviewers, etc. The “Guideline” describes a...

  18. 28 CFR 34.102 - Peer review procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...OJJDP “Peer Review Guideline,” developed in...specifying substantive and procedural matters related to the peer review process, the “Guideline” addresses such issues...reviewers, etc. The “Guideline” describes a...

  19. 28 CFR 34.102 - Peer review procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...OJJDP “Peer Review Guideline,” developed in...specifying substantive and procedural matters related to the peer review process, the “Guideline” addresses such issues...reviewers, etc. The “Guideline” describes a...

  20. 28 CFR 34.102 - Peer review procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...OJJDP “Peer Review Guideline,” developed in...specifying substantive and procedural matters related to the peer review process, the “Guideline” addresses such issues...reviewers, etc. The “Guideline” describes a...

  1. 28 CFR 34.102 - Peer review procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...OJJDP “Peer Review Guideline,” developed in...specifying substantive and procedural matters related to the peer review process, the “Guideline” addresses such issues...reviewers, etc. The “Guideline” describes a...

  2. Peer Review Methods for ESL Writing Improvement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soares, Colleen J.

    2004-01-01

    This teacher research shows how peer reviews change draft papers. In the majority of cases, final papers improved in content. The study analyzes data collected from 40 intermediate/advanced nonnative speakers of English enrolled in freshman composition for international students at a large private university. It also examines student reflections…

  3. Reviewing post-publication peer review

    PubMed Central

    Knoepfler, Paul

    2015-01-01

    Post-publication peer review (PPPR) is transforming how the life sciences community evaluates published manuscripts and data. Unsurprisingly, however, PPPR is experiencing growing pains, and some elements of the process distinct from standard pre-publication review remain controversial. I discuss the rapid evolution of PPPR, its impact, and the challenges associated with it. PMID:25851694

  4. Understanding Peer Review of Scientific Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of American Universities, 2011

    2011-01-01

    An important factor in the success of America's national research system is that federal funds for university-based research are awarded primarily through peer review, which uses panels of scientific experts, or "peers," to evaluate the quality of grant proposals. In this competitive process, proposals compete for resources based on their…

  5. Bristol Bay Assessment ? Supplemental Peer Review Reports

    EPA Science Inventory

    These reports represent the results of independent peer reviews of several technical reports submitted to the public docket for the May 2012 draft of the Bristol Bay Assessment, An Assessment of Potential Mining Impacts on Salmon Ecosystems of Bristol Bay, Alaska . ...

  6. SMALL DRINKING WATER SYSTEM PEER REVIEW PROGRAM

    EPA Science Inventory

    The United South and Eastern Tribes, Inc., which is made up of twenty-four (24) tribes, ranging in location, geographically, from Maine to Texas, AND three (3) states, Mississippi, Kentucky, and Georgia, participated in a program, "The Small Drinking Water System Peer Review Prog...

  7. To Name or Not to Name: The Effect of Changing Author Gender on Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borsuk, Robyn M.; Aarssen, Lonnie W.; Budden, Amber E.; Koricheva, Julia; Leimu, Roosa; Tregenza, Tom; Lortie, Christopher J.

    2009-01-01

    The peer review model is one of the most important tools used in science to assess the relative merit of research. We manipulated a published article to reflect one of the following four author designations: female, male, initial, and no name provided. This article was then reviewed by referees of both genders at various stages of scientific…

  8. Using Calibrated Peer Review to Teach Basic Research Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bracke, Marianne S.; Graveel, John G.

    2014-01-01

    Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) is an online tool being used in the class Introduction to Agriculture and Purdue University (AGR 10100) to integrate a writing and research component (http://cpr.molsci.ucla.edu/Home.aspx). Calibrated Peer Review combines the ability to create writing intensive assignments with an introduction to the peer-review

  9. UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN INTERNAL PEER REVIEW POLICY FRAMEWORK

    E-print Network

    Pym, David J.

    29 APPENDIX 5 UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN INTERNAL PEER REVIEW POLICY FRAMEWORK INTRODUCTION This document is the overarching University of Aberdeen framework for internal peer review for research grant applications to external funding bodies. UNIVERSITY POSITION ON PEER REVIEW The University of Aberdeen

  10. The NIH Peer Review Sally A. Amero, Ph.D.

    E-print Network

    Grishok, Alla

    The NIH Peer Review Process Sally A. Amero, Ph.D. NIH Review Policy Officer Office of Extramural Research 2009 NIH Regional Seminars #12;22 The NIH Peer Review Process National Institutes of Health (ICs) Extramural and intramural programs 24 have funding authority #12;33 The NIH Peer Review Process

  11. 42 CFR 67.103 - Peer review of contract proposals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Peer review of contract proposals. 67.103 Section...AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Peer Review of Contracts for Health Services Research...Dissemination Projects § 67.103 Peer review of contract proposals. (a)...

  12. Focusing on Content: Discourse in L2 Peer Review Groups

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vorobel, Oksana; Kim, Deoksoon

    2014-01-01

    Recent studies on peer review groups in second language classes have focused on various topics, including collaboration (Carr, 2008) and the effect of peer review versus teacher feedback on students' writing (Zhang, 1995). One area that has received little attention is the content of students' speech during peer review. This longitudinal…

  13. 42 CFR 67.103 - Peer review of contract proposals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Peer review of contract proposals. 67.103 Section...AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Peer Review of Contracts for Health Services Research...Dissemination Projects § 67.103 Peer review of contract proposals. (a)...

  14. 42 CFR 67.103 - Peer review of contract proposals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Peer review of contract proposals. 67.103 Section...AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Peer Review of Contracts for Health Services Research...Dissemination Projects § 67.103 Peer review of contract proposals. (a)...

  15. 42 CFR 67.103 - Peer review of contract proposals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Peer review of contract proposals. 67.103 Section...AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Peer Review of Contracts for Health Services Research...Dissemination Projects § 67.103 Peer review of contract proposals. (a)...

  16. 42 CFR 67.103 - Peer review of contract proposals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Peer review of contract proposals. 67.103 Section...AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Peer Review of Contracts for Health Services Research...Dissemination Projects § 67.103 Peer review of contract proposals. (a)...

  17. The Two Paradigms of Education and the Peer Review of Teaching

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dean McManus

    2001-11-01

    This article discusses how the two paradigms of education (Teaching-Centered and Learning-Centered) could affect the way faculty members are reviewed when undergoing peer review. The major challenge to fair and proper peer review arises from the need to review the growing number of instructors who conform to the Learning-Centered paradigm. Early preparation for peer review should help avoid the disjunction created by an unwitting mixture of Learning-Centered aims and Teaching-Centered methods. Reviewers must ascertain that the instructor under review possesses accurate and current knowledge of geoscience content, regardless of paradigm, and understand that the role of a reviewer interviewing a Teaching-Centered instructor is to obtain information on the instructor's teaching of the content. Conversely, the role of a reviewer in reviewing a Learning-Centered instructor is to obtain information on the student's learning of content and skills, including the skill of how to learn.

  18. Supplemental Journal Article Materials: A progress report on an information industry initiative

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schwarzman, A. B.

    2011-12-01

    Who could possibly quibble with the idea of publishing supplemental materials to a journal article? Making them available makes it possible for the Earth and space scientists to demonstrate supporting evidence, such as multimedia, computer programs, and datasets; gives the authors the opportunity to present in-depth studies that would not otherwise be available; and enables the readers to replicate experiments and verify their results. However, the scholarly publishing ecosystem is now being threatened by a veritable tsunami of supplemental materials that have to be peer reviewed, identified, described, and made discoverable and citeable; such materials also have to be archived, preserved, and perpetually converted to the contemporary formats to be available to a future researcher. Moreover, the readers often have no clear indication of how critical a particular supplemental material is to the scientific conclusions of the article and thus are not sure whether they should spend their time reading/viewing/running it. In some cases it is not even clear what the material actually supplements. While one segment of the research community argues that even more supplemental materials should be made available, another segment increasingly voices its concern stating categorically that a research article is not a data dump or an FTP site. From the publisher's perspective, dealing with supplemental materials in a responsible fashion is becoming an increasingly costly proposition. Faced with formidable challenges of managing supplemental materials, the information profession community in 2010 formed a joint NISO/NFAIS Working Group to develop Recommended Practices for curating supplemental materials during their life cycle, including but not limited to their selection, peer review, editing, production, presentation, providing context, identification, linking, citing, hosting, discovery, metadata and markup, packaging, accessibility, and preservation. The Recommended Practices also intend to address roles and responsibilities of authors, editors, peer reviewers, publishers, libraries, abstracting and indexing services, and official data centers and institutional repositories. Finally, the document is going to contain broad principles and detailed technical implementation related to metadata, linking, packaging, and accessibility of supplemental materials. In this presentation, a co-chair of the NISO/NFAIS Working Group will report on the Group's latest progress in developing the Recommended Practices for Supplemental Journal Article Materials.

  19. HOW EFFECTIVELY DOES MEDICAL CARE ACHIEVE ITS PURPOSES? EVALUATION OF PEER-REVIEWED LITERATURE IN OPHTHALMOLOGY RELATED TO WELLNESS

    PubMed Central

    Spaeth, George L.; Monteiro de Barros, Daniela S.; Gheith, Moataz; Siam, Ghada Ali; Nagarsheth, Mehul

    2007-01-01

    Purpose To get an idea of whether the issue of what makes people healthier is studied in ophthalmology by determining the proportion of articles dealing with that subject. Methods Prospective review of all articles published in 3 consecutive issues of 7 peer-reviewed ophthalmology journals, using a grading system in which A signified an article that clearly dealt with a subject expected to have an impact on health or quality of life, or that considered health or quality of life itself directly; B indicated an article similar to A, but not directly concerned with the issue of health; C signified an article similar to B but more distantly related to health or quality of life; and D was the grade given when there was no relationship at all to health or quality of life. Grading was done independently by 3 graders. A literature review on the subject was also performed. Results Thirty-three articles received a grade of A, 229 of B, 740 of C, and 81 of D. There were more articles that had no relationship at all to health or quality of life than there were articles dealing directly with those issues. Conclusions On the basis of a review of the literature and of over 1000 articles, ophthalmologists do not appear to give much priority to issues of quality of life or health. How validly these conclusions can be generalized to general clinicians is not known. PMID:18427612

  20. Two peers are better than one: aggregating peer reviews for computing assignments is surprisingly accurate

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ken Reily; Pam Ludford Finnerty; Loren G. Terveen

    2009-01-01

    Scientific peer review, open source software development, wikis, and other domains use distributed review to improve quality of created content by providing feedback to the work's creator. Distributed review is used to assess or improve the quality of a work (e.g., an article). However, it can also provide learning benefits to the participants in the review process. We developed an

  1. Gold for Gold You use an Open Access voucher after peer-review and

    E-print Network

    Gold for Gold You use an Open Access voucher after peer-review and acceptance. The final article website without any barriers to access. How to Apply for Open Access There are two possible routes to Gold: · Gold for Gold voucher code Or payment; · Online application; · Open Access Licence to Publish form

  2. Peer-Reviewed Research and Individualized Education Programs (IEPs): An Examination of Intent and Impact

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan Etscheidt; Christina M. Curran

    2010-01-01

    The reauthorized Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) requires Individualized Education Program (IEP) teams to base the selection of special education, related services, and supplementary aids and services on peer-reviewed research (PRR) to the extent practicable. This article examines the intended purpose of the PRR provision and its impact on the development of IEPs. Intent is examined through the legislative

  3. Specification of laboratory animal use in scientific articles: current low detail in the journals' instructions for authors and some proposals.

    PubMed

    Alfaro, V

    2005-09-01

    The scientific article communicates results of research to other investigators; therefore, it must contain a complete description of the experiment to help other researchers when designing their future investigations. However, poorly detailed data on laboratory animal use is given in published articles. Despite the well-known and important contribution of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) to standardize scientific writing and submission of manuscripts to biomedical journals, no specific instructions on the reporting of animal use are given in the ICMJE Uniform Requirements and, therefore, most journals do not detail this to the authors. Individual efforts from groups like the Working Committee for the Biological Characterizations of Laboratory Animals, the Boyd Group, or the Committee on Publication Ethics are commendable. These contributions should be incorporated into the ICMJE Uniform Requirements and, later, into the Instructions for Authors of peer-reviewed journals. This would be the only efficient way to instruct authors on how to report laboratory animal use in their submitted manuscripts. The present article relates some proposals for helping authors when reporting animal use in scientific articles. These proposals are not only based on previous guidelines for animal specifications, but also on Instructions for Authors from journals specialized in Laboratory Animal Science. These proposals are classified into major and minor issues, and they are located in the corresponding parts of the article, as defined by the Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion (IMRAD) method. PMID:16258595

  4. Early Childhood Research & Practice: An Internet Journal on the Development, Care, and Education of Young Children, Spring 2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katz, Lilian G., Ed.; Rothenberg, Dianne, Ed.

    2002-01-01

    Early Childhood Research and Practice (ECRP), a peer-reviewed, Internet-only journal sponsored by the ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education (ERIC/EECE), covers topics related to the development, care, and education of children from birth to approximately age 8. The journal emphasizes articles reporting on practice-related…

  5. Early Childhood Research and Practice: An Internet Journal on the Development, Care, and Education of Young Children, Fall 2003.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katz, Lilian G., Ed.; Rothenberg, Dianne, Ed.

    2003-01-01

    Early Childhood Research & Practice (ECRP), a peer-reviewed, Internet-only journal sponsored by the Early Childhood and Parenting Collaborative (ECAP), covers topics related to the development, care, and education of children from birth to approximately age 8. The journal emphasizes articles reporting on practice-related research and on issues…

  6. Conflicts of interest in medical science: peer usage, peer review and 'CoI consultancy'.

    PubMed

    Charlton, Bruce G

    2004-01-01

    In recent years, the perception has grown that conflicts of interest are having a detrimental effect on medical science as it influences health policy and clinical practice, leading medical journals to enforce self-declaration of potential biases in the attempt to counteract or compensate for the problem. Conflict of interest (CoI) declarations have traditionally been considered inappropriate in pure science since its evaluation systems themselves constitute a mechanism for eliminating the effect of individual biases. Pure science is primarily evaluated by 'peer usage', in which scientific information is 'replicated' by being incorporated in the work of other scientists, and tested by further observation of the natural world. Over the long-term, the process works because significant biases impair the quality of science, and bad science tends to be neglected or refuted. However, scientific evaluation operates slowly over years and decades, and only a small proportion of published work is ever actually evaluated. But most of modern medical science no longer conforms to the model of pure science, and may instead be conceptualized as a system of 'applied' science having different aims and evaluation processes. The aim of applied medical science is to solve pre-specified problems, and to provide scientific information ready for implementation immediately following publication. The primary evaluation process of applied science is peer review, not peer usage. Peer review is much more rapid (with a timescale of weeks or months) and cheaper than peer usage and (consequently) has a much wider application: peer review is a prospective validation while peer usage is retrospective. Since applied science consists of incremental advances on existing knowledge achieved using established techniques, its results can usually be reliably evaluated by peer review. However, despite its considerable convenience, peer review has significant limitations related to its reliance on opinion. One major limitation of peer review has proved to be its inability to deal with conflicts of interest, especially in a 'big science' context when prestigious scientists may have similar biases, and conflicts of interest are widely shared among peer reviewers. When applied medical science has been later checked against the slower but more valid processes of peer usage, it seems that reliance on peer review may allow damaging distortions to become 'locked-in' to clinical practice and health policy for considerable periods. Scientific progress is generally underpinned by increasing specialization. Medical journals should specialize in the communication of scientific information, and they have neither the resources nor the motivation to investigate and measure conflicts of interest. Effectively dealing with the problem of conflicts of interest in applied medical science firstly requires a more explicit demarcation between the communications media of pure medical science and applied medical science. Greater specialization of these activities would then allow distinctive aims and evaluation systems to evolve with the expectation of improved performance in both pure and applied systems. In future, applied medical science should operate with an assumption of bias, with the onus of proof on applied medical scientists to facilitate the 'data transparency' necessary to validate their research. Journals of applied medical science will probably require more rigorous processes of peer review than at present, since their publications are intended to be ready for implementation. But since peer review does not adequately filter-out conflicts of interest in applied medical science, there is a need for the evolution of specialist post-publication institutional mechanisms. The suggested solution is to encourage the establishment of independent 'CoI consultancy' services, whose role would be to evaluate conflicts of interest and other biases in published applied medical science prior to their implementation. Such services would be paid-for by the groups who intend to implement appl

  7. The gatekeepers of Modern physics: periodicals and peer review in 1920s Britain.

    PubMed

    Clarke, Imogen

    2015-03-01

    This essay analyzes the processes behind the publication of physics papers in two British journals in the 1920s: the Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: Series A and the Philosophical Magazine. On the surface, it looked as though the Philosophical Magazine was managed very informally, while the Proceedings had in place a seemingly rigid system of committee approval and peer review. This essay shows, however, that in practice the two journals were both influenced by networks of expertise that afforded small groups of physicists considerable control over the content of these prestigious scientific publications. This study explores the nature of peer review, suggesting how a historical approach can contribute to contemporary debates. In studying these relationships, the essay also considers the interplay of "classical" and "modern" ideas and physicists in 1920s Britain and cautions against an anachronistic approach to this classification. PMID:26027308

  8. Oklahoma Association of Teacher Educators Journal 2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Malinda Hendricks, Ed.

    2009-01-01

    The Oklahoma Association of Teacher Educators 2009 Journal includes the following four peer reviewed articles: (1) The Changing Role of Grandparents (Fred D. Hammond, III, Terry E. Spigner, Charolette Myles-Nixon, and Pauline Holloway); (2) Pedagogical Agent Instructional Design Challenges (Jon Martens); (3) Differences in Relatedness across…

  9. ForPeerReview Channel formation by flow stripping: large-scale scour features along the

    E-print Network

    Parker, Gary

    East Channel and their relation to sediment waves Journal: Sedimentology Manuscript ID: SED-2005-OM-049 1 of 63 Sedimentology #12;ForPeerReview Monterey East ms -- 2005 June 13, 2005 1 Channel formation it Page 2 of 63Sedimentology 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29

  10. Methods of Demonstrating Article and Journal Impact

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karen Chapman

    2009-01-01

    Faculty members preparing their dossiers typically need to demonstrate the impact of that portion of their research that has appeared in the journal literature. This article describes several methods of demonstrating article and journal impact. An article's impact can be shown by counting the number of citations it has received and by comparing that total to the number of citations

  11. PeerReview: practical accountability for distributed systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andreas Haeberlen; Petr Kouznetsov; Peter Druschel

    2007-01-01

    We describe PeerReview, a system that provides account- ability in distributed systems. PeerReview ensures that Byzantine faults whose effects are observed by a correct node are eventually detected and irrefutably linked to a faulty node. At the same time, PeerReview ensures that a cor- rect node can always defend itself against false accusations. These guarantees are particularly important for systems

  12. PeerReview: practical accountability for distributed systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andreas Haeberlen; Petr Kouznetsov; Peter Druschel

    2007-01-01

    We describe PeerReview, a system that provides accountability in distributed systems. PeerReview ensures that Byzantine faults whose effects are observed by a correct node are eventually detected and irrefutably linked to a faulty node. At the same time, PeerReview ensures that a correct node can always defend itself against false accusations. These guarantees are particularly important for systems that span

  13. 7 CFR 205.509 - Peer review panel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) ORGANIC FOODS PRODUCTION ACT PROVISIONS NATIONAL ORGANIC PROGRAM Accreditation of Certifying Agents § 205.509 Peer review...

  14. 7 CFR 3415.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Agriculture (Continued) COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.11...

  15. 45 CFR 60.11 - Reporting negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...peer review organizations or private accreditation entities. ...NATIONAL PRACTITIONER DATA BANK Reporting of Information...peer review organizations or private accreditation entities. ...Peer review organizations and private accreditation...

  16. 45 CFR 60.11 - Reporting negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...peer review organizations or private accreditation entities. ...NATIONAL PRACTITIONER DATA BANK Reporting of Information...peer review organizations or private accreditation entities. ...Peer review organizations and private accreditation...

  17. Journal of Psychology and Psychotherapy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Academic psychologists publish good, empirical research all the time. But unless you have access to university databases, it's almost impossible to access. The Journal of Psychology and Psychotherapy, a peer-reviewed medical journal, seeks to address this problem by making research on mental health accessible to the general public on its free, open access website. Viewers can read the journal's mission statement on the homepage before browsing Most Viewed Articles, Current Issue, Past Issues, and Special Issues. Keyword searches are easy and the results will offer related search suggestions based on journal name or even famous authors in the subject. The journal is available in both English and French.

  18. Journal of Evolution and Technology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Journal of Evolution and Technology (JET) is "a peer-reviewed electronic journal publishing contemporary research into future science and philosophy." It deals with somewhat edgy topics that are often avoided by mainstream journals. For example, a common theme is the relationship between the human brain and computers, questioning their respective computational capacity and evolution. Despite the unusual focus of the journal, its articles are contributed by reputable sources such as university faculty or members of research institutions. New issues are published as articles are accepted, and hence there are no set release dates.

  19. A Reciprocal Peer Review System to Support College Students' Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Yu-Fen

    2011-01-01

    As students' problem-solving processes in writing are rarely observed in face-to-face instruction, they have few opportunities to participate collaboratively in peer review to improve their texts. This study reports the design of a reciprocal peer review system for students to observe and learn from each other when writing. A sample of 95…

  20. Peer Review Negotiations: Revision Activities in ESL Writing Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mendonca, Cassia O.; Johnson, Karen E.

    1994-01-01

    This study describes the negotiations that occur during English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) students peer reviews and the ways these negotiations shape students revision activities. Findings of the study support the need to include peer reviews in second-language writing instruction and underscore their value in providing feedback on students'…

  1. Peer Review and Faculty Self Government: A Dissenting View.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lieberman, Myron

    1986-01-01

    The view that peer review and faculty self-government are detrimental is expressed. Peer review, a procedure in which the conduct of faculty members is subject to review by other faculty members, is used primarily in personnel and research decisions (e.g., tenure, promotion, and/or salary increases, and to assess grant or contract proposals).…

  2. Peer Review Summary Document (2/18/2014)

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Summary Document (2/18/2014) http://www.usgs.gov/peer_review/docs/anthrax_geochemistry-soils_contiguousUS.pdf. [20 KB PDF] Title and Authorship of Information Product Disseminated Anthrax and the Geochemistry for significance differences between counties with and without confirmed anthrax outbreaks (89 sample sites located

  3. ForPeerReview SEROCONVERSION TO HEPATITIS C VIRUS ALTERNATE

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ForPeerReview SEROCONVERSION TO HEPATITIS C VIRUS ALTERNATE READING FRAME PROTEIN DURING THE ACUTE de Bacteriologie and Virologie Keywords: ARFP, antibodies, acute hepatitis C, seroconversion (Baltimore, Md.) 2009;49(5):1449-59" DOI : 10.1002/hep.22821 #12;ForPeerReview SEROCONVERSION TO HEPATITIS C

  4. Public Peer-Review: effectiveness and perspectives of transparency and self-regulation in scientific quality assurance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pöschl, Ulrich

    2010-05-01

    The traditional ways of scholarly publishing and peer-review do not live up to the needs of efficient communication and quality assurance in today's rapidly developing and highly diverse world of science. Substantial improvement can be achieved by an open access two-stage publication process with interactive peer-review and public discussion. It enables rapid publication and dissemination of new results in discussion papers followed by thorough and transparent peer-review which is open for input from the scientific community (permanently archived and fully citable), and it leads to final revised papers with maximum quality assurance and information density. This approach has been successfully realized and applied in a series of interactive open access journals launched and operated by EGU and the professional publisher Copernicus since 2001. The aims, achievements and perspectives of the EGU interactive open access journals and the perspectives of interactive open access publishing and public peer-review will be outlined and discussed. Reference: U. Pöschl, Interactive journal concept for improved scientific publishing and quality assurance, Learned Publishing, 17, 105-113, 2004.

  5. The Languages of Science: A Corpus-Based Study of Experimental and Historical Science Articles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeff Dodick

    Studying the communication patterns of scientists can give us insight into how science works in practice. We have been studying the language of peer-reviewed journal articles in several scientific fields, and argue that methodological differences between different scientific fields are reflected in differences in how scientists in these fields rhetorically organize their texts. Techniques of computational stylistics enable us to

  6. New Journal of Physics

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Institute of Physics & Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft will begin an all-electronic and peer-reviewed journal in physics later this year. New Journal of Physics will include full-length research articles pertaining to both pure and applied physics, theory and experiment, and interdisciplinary topics. It strives to be a scholarly journal of "rigorously refereed" papers and aims to publish data and results that use the features of the electronic medium. The journal's website provides a listing of receiving editors as well as guide for authors. Detailed instructions on how to submit papers are available at the site.

  7. Publisher: CSIRO; Journal: IS:Invertebrate Systematics Article Type: research-article; Volume: ; Issue: ; Article ID: IS12053

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Publisher: CSIRO; Journal: IS:Invertebrate Systematics Article Type: research-article; Volume-sea benthos. #12;Publisher: CSIRO; Journal: IS:Invertebrate Systematics Article Type: research-article; Volume

  8. Examining the Predictive Validity of NIH Peer Review Scores

    PubMed Central

    Lindner, Mark D.; Nakamura, Richard K.

    2015-01-01

    The predictive validity of peer review at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has not yet been demonstrated empirically. It might be assumed that the most efficient and expedient test of the predictive validity of NIH peer review would be an examination of the correlation between percentile scores from peer review and bibliometric indices of the publications produced from funded projects. The present study used a large dataset to examine the rationale for such a study, to determine if it would satisfy the requirements for a test of predictive validity. The results show significant restriction of range in the applications selected for funding. Furthermore, those few applications that are funded with slightly worse peer review scores are not selected at random or representative of other applications in the same range. The funding institutes also negotiate with applicants to address issues identified during peer review. Therefore, the peer review scores assigned to the submitted applications, especially for those few funded applications with slightly worse peer review scores, do not reflect the changed and improved projects that are eventually funded. In addition, citation metrics by themselves are not valid or appropriate measures of scientific impact. The use of bibliometric indices on their own to measure scientific impact would likely increase the inefficiencies and problems with replicability already largely attributed to the current over-emphasis on bibliometric indices. Therefore, retrospective analyses of the correlation between percentile scores from peer review and bibliometric indices of the publications resulting from funded grant applications are not valid tests of the predictive validity of peer review at the NIH. PMID:26039440

  9. Teaching the Anatomy of a Scientific Journal Article

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Allison K. Busch

    2008-10-01

    To promote inquiry-based learning, the authors integrate the anatomy of a scientific journal article into their secondary science curriculum. In this article, they present three classroom activities used to teach students about the function and format of scientific journal articles. The first focuses on journal article figures, the second on journal abstracts, and in the third, students produce their own journal articles, which are based on their investigations.

  10. A new generation of journals is born.

    PubMed

    Talanow, Roland

    2008-01-01

    The 21(st) century has provided new technical and educational opportunities as well as challenges which have not been approached and exploited sufficiently by traditional scientific journals. Furthermore, case reports are usually "neglected" by traditional journals for a variety of reasons, including limited space in the hardcopy version of the journal issue and priority over original research and review articles. The Journal of Radiology Case Reports is a new generation of journals, which is dedicated to provide open-access, high-quality, peer-reviewed and interactive Radiology case reports. PMID:22470580

  11. Social Media, Peer Review, and Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) in Chemistry: Trends, Pitfalls, and Promises.

    PubMed

    Jogalekar, Ashutosh S

    2015-01-01

    Over the last two decades, various themes inherent in the responsible conduct of research (RCR) in chemistry have been brought to light through prominent cases of research misconduct. This article will describe a few of these cases especially through the lens of social media such as blogs and Twitter. A case will be made that these wholly novel modalities of online discussion are now complementing, and in some cases even circumventing some of the limitations of traditional peer review in chemistry. We present in detail our evaluation of three recent cases of RCR along with several other social media illustrations. These cases have been selected to be representative and showcase several of the most prominent issues at the intersection of traditional and social-media based peer review. In each case, basic details are presented along with a brief discussion of the underlying issues-readers interested in deeper analysis of each subject are referred to a collection of relevant articles and websites. This perspective focuses on the most important RCR issues that have arisen in the past decade, a time which we believe coincides with the serious participation of the scientific community in general, and the chemistry community in particular, in social media-based, citizen-enabled peer-review. A discussion of important trends in RCR in the age of social media, outstanding developments in this area, and questions of enduring interest for the near future concludes the article. PMID:26155733

  12. American Institute of Physics (AIP): Select Articles in the Chemical Sciences

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The American Institute of Physics (AIP) Chemical Sciences Website maintains this series of select, online articles in the Chemical Sciences. Featured articles represent current cutting-edge research in physical, analytical, biophysical, materials, and surface chemistry. At present, 21 articles are available, covering "Pulse-stacked cavity ring-down spectroscopy" and "Improved energy transfer in electrophosphorescent devices," among other topics. Online articles are selected from five peer-reviewed journals: The Journal of Chemical Physics, Journal of Applied Physics, Applied Physics Letters, Review of Scientific Instruments, and Chaos. All articles are available in .pdf format only and may be downloaded for browsing or printing.

  13. Critiquing Scholarship as Formal Review: The Role and Responsibilities of Readers for Academic Journals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    This article describes the various components of a successful review from the standpoint of a veteran journal editor and encourages, in particular, young scholars to consider, if they have not already done so, becoming active participants not only in the authoring of scholarly work, but also as reviewers in the peer review process that is part of…

  14. The Power of Peer Reviewing to Enhance Writing in Horticulture: Greenhouse Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Neil O.; Flash, Pamela

    2014-01-01

    Peer review is not included in undergraduate horticultural curricula. Our research objectives in an 8- year study, which ranged from 2000 to 2007 in two sections (2000-2002 non-peer reviewed and 2003-2007 peer-reviewed) of Greenhouse Management students at the University of Minnesota were to determine whether iterative peer reviews would result in…

  15. Peer Review in Higher Education: Student Perceptions before and after Participation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulder, Raoul A.; Pearce, Jon M.; Baik, Chi

    2014-01-01

    Peer review is integral to academic endeavour, but opportunities for students to benefit from peer review in higher education remain limited, and relatively little is known about how student perceptions influence their appreciation of peer review. University student perceptions were examined before and after experiencing student peer review in…

  16. The Impact of Peer Review on Writing in a Psychology Course: Lessons Learned

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bhullar, Naureen; Rose, Karen C.; Utell, Janine M.; Healey, Kathryn N.

    2014-01-01

    The authors assessed the impact of peer review on student writing in four sections of an undergraduate Developmental Psychology course. They hypothesized that peer review would result in better writing in the peer review group compared to the group with no peer review. Writing was rated independently by two instructors who were blind to the…

  17. Zackenberg Bibliography (30.06.2014) Peer-reviewed papers

    E-print Network

    1 Zackenberg Bibliography (30.06.2014) 2014 Peer-reviewed papers Barraquand, F., Hřye, T.T., Henden Architecture for Sharing Ecological Data Sets with Access and Usage Control Guarantees. In Ames, D.P and Quinn

  18. ForPeerReview Preferential association between childhood emotional abuse

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ForPeerReview Preferential association between childhood emotional abuse and bipolar disorder Exposure: Sexual abuse/assault, childhood Keyword - Statistical Categories: Keyword - Intervention: Keyword association between childhood emotional abuse and bipolar disorder Running head: Emotional abuse and bipolar

  19. 7 CFR 3401.13 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Scientific Peer Review of Research Applications for Funding...individual has engaged in relevant research, the capacities in which...principal investigator, assistant), and the quality of such research; (c) Professional...

  20. 7 CFR 3401.13 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Scientific Peer Review of Research Applications for Funding...individual has engaged in relevant research, the capacities in which...principal investigator, assistant), and the quality of such research; (c) Professional...

  1. 7 CFR 3401.13 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Scientific Peer Review of Research Applications for Funding...individual has engaged in relevant research, the capacities in which...principal investigator, assistant), and the quality of such research; (c) Professional...

  2. 7 CFR 3400.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3400...individual has engaged in relevant research, the capacities in which...principal investigator, assistant), and the quality of such research; (3) Professional...

  3. 7 CFR 3400.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3400...individual has engaged in relevant research, the capacities in which...principal investigator, assistant), and the quality of such research; (3) Professional...

  4. 7 CFR 3400.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3400...individual has engaged in relevant research, the capacities in which...principal investigator, assistant), and the quality of such research; (3) Professional...

  5. 7 CFR 3401.13 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Scientific Peer Review of Research Applications for Funding...individual has engaged in relevant research, the capacities in which...principal investigator, assistant), and the quality of such research; (c) Professional...

  6. 7 CFR 3400.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3400...individual has engaged in relevant research, the capacities in which...principal investigator, assistant), and the quality of such research; (3) Professional...

  7. 7 CFR 3406.23 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Continued) COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 1890 INSTITUTION CAPACITY BUILDING GRANTS PROGRAM Supplementary Information § 3406.23 Access to peer review information. After final...

  8. 7 CFR 3406.23 - Access to peer review information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...23 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE 1890 INSTITUTION CAPACITY BUILDING GRANTS PROGRAM Supplementary Information § 3406.23 Access to peer review...

  9. 45 CFR 96.136 - Independent peer review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Individual peer reviewers must also be knowledgeable about the modality being reviewed and its underlying theoretical approach to addictions treatment, and must be sensitive to the cultural and environmental issues that may influence the quality of the...

  10. 7 CFR 3415.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.11...

  11. 7 CFR 3415.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.11...

  12. 7 CFR 3415.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.11...

  13. 7 CFR 3415.11 - Composition of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.11...

  14. Peer Review of Teaching Project (PRTP)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Peer Review of Teaching Project (PRTP) provides faculty with a structured and practical model that combines inquiry into the intellectual work of a course, careful investigation of student understanding and performance, and faculty reflection on teaching effectiveness. Begun in 1994, the PRTP has engaged hundreds of faculty members from numerous universities. In 2005, the project was awarded a TIAA-CREF Theodore M. Hesburgh Award Certificate of Excellence in recognition of it being an exceptional faculty development program designed to enhance undergraduate student achievement. Faculty are invited to become part of the national community exploring how to document the intellectual work of postsecondary teaching. This website is designed to serve as an international repository for course portfolios written by faculty who teach at postsecondary institutions. Faculty are welcome to archive their course portfolio on this site so that their work can be shared, used, and reviewed by other faculty. Faculty are also encouraged to write a review for any of the course portfolios in the repository.

  15. How to Submit a Revision and Tips on Being a Good Peer-Reviewer

    PubMed Central

    Kotsis, Sandra V.; Chung, Kevin C.

    2014-01-01

    Many instructional guides have been published on how to write scientific papers. Likewise, many published articles have focused on the reasons why submitted manuscripts are rejected. However, fewer publications have been presented to guide authors on how to address reviewers’ comments in a manuscript revision. Even fewer papers counsel authors on how to deal with a rejection decision. In this paper, we will present a literature review on the strategies to get a paper accepted, despite an initial unfavorable review. We will share our experience on addressing reviewers’ comments to get a paper accepted and published. Finally, we will discuss the process of peer-review and offer tips on how to be an effective peer-reviewer. PMID:24675196

  16. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    A number of organizations have created peer-reviewed journals to investigate the world of educational technology and learning in the past several years. The Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology is certainly one of the better journals on this subject, and they publish peer-reviewed pieces on topics that include online learning, gaming, and learning theory and technology. Over the past several years, the journal has been published three times a year, and their editorial board includes professors from Simon Fraser University, Queen's University, and Athabasca University. Visitors can browse through the articles by issue, title, or author. Additionally, visitors can sign up to receive their RSS feed and learn a bit more about the submission process. Recently published pieces include "Comparing students' perceptions of paper-based and electronic portfolios" and "Encouraging self-regulated learning through electronic portfolios".

  17. [The peer review procedure and its place in medicine].

    PubMed

    Chop, Ines; Eberlein-Gonska, Maria

    2012-01-01

    Peer Review literally meaning "re-inspection by a peer" is a special form of external evaluation whose roots go back to Ancient Greece and which is widely employed in science to assess manuscripts submitted for publication. In the medical context the Peer Review process is defined as structured critical self-reflection through dialogue with colleagues. Its prime objective is to improve the quality of patient care by identifying potentials for improvement and by deriving an action plan. Amongst other things, this includes medical standards and guidelines, indications and their traceability, the monitoring of the treatment process as well as the interdisciplinary cooperation and teamwork between different professional groups. The Peer Review practice in Germany has received strong impetus from comprehensive hospital operator projects like IQM, the "Initiative Qualitätsmedizin", and the Peer Review practice in intensive care. This practice, which has primarily been developed by practitioners for practitioners of their own accord, offers the chance to integrate medical quality with little bureaucratic effort and direct transfer of knowledge back into daily clinical work. Another important approach to promote peer reviewer qualifications is the curriculum "Medical Peer Review", which has been published by the German Medical Association since 2011. (As supplied by publisher). PMID:23084858

  18. Chicago Journal of Theoretical Computer Science

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1969-12-31

    Published by the University of Chicago Press, the Chicago Journal of Theoretical Computer Science is a peer-reviewed, scholarly journal that explores and discusses, you guessed it, theoretical computer science. The journal is very much aimed at scholars and students in the field, and these readers can access the full text of the articles from 1996 to 2000 (there is a voluntary subscription policy). The articles are listed in reverse chronological order, preceded by an abstract, and available for download in several formats. Also included at the site are a bibliography of over 360 books, articles, conference proceedings, and technical reports about self-stabilization or applications that employ stabilizing techniques.

  19. Early Childhood Research & Practice: An Internet Journal on the Development, Care, and Education of Young Children, Spring 2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katz, Lilian G., Ed.; Rothenberg, Dianne, Ed.

    2000-01-01

    Early Childhood Research and Practice (ECRP), a peer-reviewed, Internet-only journal sponsored by the ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education (ERIC/EECE), covers topics related to the development, care, and education of children from birth to approximately age 8. ECRP emphasizes articles reporting on practice-related…

  20. Decoupling the scholarly journal.

    PubMed

    Priem, Jason; Hemminger, Bradley M

    2012-01-01

    Although many observers have advocated the reform of the scholarly publishing system, improvements to functions like peer review have been adopted sluggishly. We argue that this is due to the tight coupling of the journal system: the system's essential functions of archiving, registration, dissemination, and certification are bundled together and siloed into tens of thousands of individual journals. This tight coupling makes it difficult to change any one aspect of the system, choking out innovation. We suggest that the solution is the "decoupled journal (DcJ)." In this system, the functions are unbundled and performed as services, able to compete for patronage and evolve in response to the market. For instance, a scholar might deposit an article in her institutional repository, have it copyedited and typeset by one company, indexed for search by several others, self-marketed over her own social networks, and peer reviewed by one or more stamping agencies that connect her paper to external reviewers. The DcJ brings publishing out of its current seventeenth-century paradigm, and creates a Web-like environment of loosely joined pieces-a marketplace of tools that, like the Web, evolves quickly in response to new technologies and users' needs. Importantly, this system is able to evolve from the current one, requiring only the continued development of bolt-on services external to the journal, particularly for peer review. PMID:22493574

  1. Automated Labeling Of Biomedical Online Journal Articles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jongwoo Kim; Daniel X. Le; George R. Thoma

    An automated labeling (AL) module has been developed to automate the extraction of bibliographic data (e.g., article title, authors, affiliation, abstract, and others) from online biomedical journals for the National Library of Medicine's MEDLINE? database. The AL module employs string matching, statistics, and fuzzy rule-based algorithms to identify segmented zones in an article's HTML pages as specific bibliographic data. Experiments

  2. Online medical journal article layout analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jie Zou; Daniel Le; George R. Thoma

    2007-01-01

    We describe a physical and logical layout analysis algorithm, which is applied to segment and label online medical journal articles (regular HTML and PDF-Converted-HTML files). For these articles, the geometric layout of the Web page is the most important cue for physical layout analysis. The key to physical layout analysis is then to render the HTML file in a Web

  3. Original Article Journal of Intelligent Material Systems

    E-print Network

    Tan, Xiaobo

    and energy harvesting applications, in this article, we study the modeling and inverse compensationOriginal Article Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures 24(13) 1557­1571 Ó­metal composite sensors Hong Lei, Chaiyong Lim and Xiaobo Tan Abstract Motivated by their structural monitoring

  4. Using Web-Based Discussion Forums as a Model of the Peer-Review Process and a Tool for Assessment

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Sherry L. Jenkins (Mount Sinai School of Medicine; Department of Pharmacology and Systems Therapeutics REV)

    2008-03-04

    This Teaching Resource describes how to use an online asynchronous discussion as a mechanism to introduce students to the peer-review process, as well as to assess student performance and understanding. This method was applied to a graduate course on signal transduction and the Teaching Resource includes a syllabus, detailed plan for incorporating the online discussion, sample journal club questions, and sample student responses to the discussion forum, faculty responses, and student revisions.

  5. Protecting Peer-review: Correspondence Chronology and Ethical Analysis Regarding Logothetis vs. Shmuel and Leopold

    PubMed Central

    Fox, Peter T.; Bullmore, Ed; Bandettini, Peter A.; Lancaster, Jack L.

    2009-01-01

    Editors of scientific journals are ethically bound to provide a fair and impartial peer-review process and to protect the rights of contributing authors to publish research results. If, however, a dispute arises among investigators regarding data ownership and the right to publish, the ethical responsibilities of journal editors become more complex. The editors of Human Brain Mapping recently had the unusual experience of learning of an ongoing dispute regarding data-access rights pertaining to a manuscript already accepted for publication. Herein the editors describe the nature of the dispute, the steps taken to explore and resolve the conflict, and discuss the ethical principles that govern such circumstances. Drawing on this experience and with the goal of avoiding future controversies, the editors have formulated a Data Rights Policy and a Data Rights Procedure for Human Brain Mapping. Human Brain Mapping adopts this policy effective immediately and respectfully suggests that other journals consider adopting this or similar policies. PMID:19067328

  6. Seasonal predictability of daily rainfall statistics over Indramayu district, Journal: International Journal of Climatology

    E-print Network

    Robertson, Andrew W.

    PeerReview Only Seasonal predictability of daily rainfall statistics over Indramayu district of Meteorology and Geophysics Keywords: seasonal predictability, Indonesia, hidden Markov model http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/joc International Journal of Climatology - For peer review only #12;PeerReview Only 1 Seasonal predictability

  7. Journal of Air Transportation, Volume 10, No. 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bowen, Brent D. (Editor); Kabashkin, Igor (Editor); Lucas, Sarah (Editor); Scarpellini-Metz, Nanette (Editor)

    2005-01-01

    The mission of the Journal of Air Transportation (JA is to provide the global community immediate key resource information in all areas of air transportation. The goal of the Journal is to be recognized as the preeminent scholarly journal in the aeronautical aspects of transportation. As an international and interdisciplinary journal, the JAT will provide a forum for peer-reviewed articles in all areas of aviation and space transportation research, policy, theory, case study, practice, and issues. While maintaining a broad scope, a focal point of the journal will be in the area of aviation administration and policy.

  8. [Peer review in toxicologic histopathology: its necessity, type and procedure].

    PubMed

    Yoshitomi, K

    1998-05-01

    A histopathology peer review already has become an integral part of industrial toxicologic pathology in the USA and Europe. Nevertheless, the review is unfamiliar to toxicologic pathologists in Japan. This report provides detailed information on convenient, useful procedures for peer review in toxicologic histopathology and describes its necessity and type. Histopathology peer review is either informal or formal. Formal review means that the target organs to be re-estimated and the reviewing pathologist's name are stated somewhere in a protocol or study report. The resolution of all diagnostic discrepancies between studies and reviewing pathologists must be clarified, and the review records need to be preserved. No audit trials need to be kept for informal peer review. Based on the purpose of the review, histopathology peer reviews may be classified into 3 major types: "complete", "problem-solving", and a "quality-monitoring" reviews. For a "Complete" review, all histopathologic findings crucial to the conclusion of the study are re-examined. A "problem-solving" review serves to re-evaluate anomalous findings. A "quality-monitoring" review is a periodical monitor of the quality of histopathologic diagnoses at pathology laboratories, particularly in toxicology contract research organizations. The procedures for histopathology peer review consist of 5 stages. At the first stage, the target organs to be reviewed are selected from the draft summary tables of the original findings diagnosed by the study pathologist, and the reviewing pathologist evaluates all selected organs. At the second stage, the study pathologist re-examines all the findings with diagnoses not accepted by the reviewing pathologist and re-considers the appropriateness of these original diagnoses. At the third stage, the study pathologist and the reviewing pathologists discuss all diagnostic differences until they reach a consensus opinion. At the fourth stage, the whole process (stage 1 to 3) of peer review of all target organs is tabulated, including the study pathologist's and reviewing pathologist's diagnoses, the study pathologist's opinions, and consensus diagnoses. At the fifth stage, Peer Review Certification is issued with the study pathologists' and reviewing pathologists' signatures. The reviewing pathologist must share the responsibility for the final diagnoses with the study pathologist. In order to gain greater credibility from regulatory agencies, a peer review performance is best made by an independent external pathologist. PMID:9617732

  9. The role of the manuscript reviewer in the peer review process.

    PubMed

    Polak, J F

    1995-09-01

    Peer review of submitted manuscripts is recognized as a critical component of the publication process in all major medical journals. It lends respectability and scientific credibility to those journals that have adopted the process [1]. This function is delegated to a group of persons who perform the task selflessly and without compensation. Of the many facets of the peer review process, the selection of manuscript reviewers and their subsequent interaction with both editors and authors may be so poorly understood by aspiring authors that certain misconceptions ensue. Authors of rejected manuscripts may fear that reviewers have acted in an arbitrary and possibly censorial fashion [2, 3]. Conversely, authors of accepted manuscripts who face a mountain of revisions may wonder if such an effort is likely to improve their manuscript [4, 5]. The following questions come to mind: Where do the reviewers come from? What do they do, and what constitutes a good reviewer? What power do they have? How is reviewer performance measured? Can the editor recognize publicly the good reviewer? Are reviewers really blinded? How does one become a good reviewer? Who will be the reviewers of the future? While looking at these questions, we should consider objective approaches of assessing reviewer quality and wonder whether they would improve the quality of the published manuscript. PMID:7645496

  10. An "English Journal" Article That Made a Difference: A Forum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zancanella, Don, Comp.

    2012-01-01

    In the author's effort to find out more about how "English Journal" articles have led to meaningful changes, he asked several teachers to write about "an "English Journal" article that made a difference." Several council members write about influential articles they read in the pages of NCTE's century-old journal. The brief stories they tell…

  11. Have the "mega-journals" reached the limits to growth?

    PubMed

    Björk, Bo-Christer

    2015-01-01

    A "mega-journal" is a new type of scientific journal that publishes freely accessible articles, which have been peer reviewed for scientific trustworthiness, but leaves it to the readers to decide which articles are of interest and importance to them. In the wake of the phenomenal success of PLOS ONE, several other publishers have recently started mega-journals. This article presents the evolution of mega-journals since 2010 in terms of article publication rates. The fastest growth seems to have ebbed out at around 35,000 annual articles for the 14 journals combined. Acceptance rates are in the range of 50-70%, and speed of publication is around 3-5 months. Common features in mega-journals are alternative impact metrics, easy reusability of figures and data, post-publication discussions and portable reviews from other journals. PMID:26038735

  12. Have the “mega-journals” reached the limits to growth?

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    A “mega-journal” is a new type of scientific journal that publishes freely accessible articles, which have been peer reviewed for scientific trustworthiness, but leaves it to the readers to decide which articles are of interest and importance to them. In the wake of the phenomenal success of PLOS ONE, several other publishers have recently started mega-journals. This article presents the evolution of mega-journals since 2010 in terms of article publication rates. The fastest growth seems to have ebbed out at around 35,000 annual articles for the 14 journals combined. Acceptance rates are in the range of 50–70%, and speed of publication is around 3–5 months. Common features in mega-journals are alternative impact metrics, easy reusability of figures and data, post-publication discussions and portable reviews from other journals. PMID:26038735

  13. Context-Aware Reviewer Assignment for Trust Enhanced Peer Review

    PubMed Central

    Li, Lei; Wang, Yan; Liu, Guanfeng; Wang, Meng; Wu, Xindong

    2015-01-01

    Reviewer assignment is critical to peer review systems, such as peer-reviewed research conferences or peer-reviewed funding applications, and its effectiveness is a deep concern of all academics. However, there are some problems in existing peer review systems during reviewer assignment. For example, some of the reviewers are much more stringent than others, leading to an unfair final decision, i.e., some submissions (i.e., papers or applications) with better quality are rejected. In this paper, we propose a context-aware reviewer assignment for trust enhanced peer review. More specifically, in our approach, we first consider the research area specific expertise of reviewers, and the institution relevance and co-authorship between reviewers and authors, so that reviewers with the right expertise are assigned to the corresponding submissions without potential conflict of interest. In addition, we propose a novel cross-assignment paradigm, and reviewers are cross-assigned in order to avoid assigning a group of stringent reviewers or a group of lenient reviewers to the same submission. More importantly, on top of them, we propose an academic CONtext-aware expertise relevanCe oriEnted Reviewer cross-assignmenT approach (CONCERT), which aims to effectively estimate the “true” ratings of submissions based on the ratings from all reviewers, even though no prior knowledge exists about the distribution of stringent reviewers and lenient reviewers. The experiments illustrate that compared with existing approaches, our proposed CONCERT approach can less likely assign more than one stringent reviewers or lenient reviewers to a submission simultaneously and significantly reduce the influence of ratings from stringent reviewers and lenient reviewers, leading to trust enhanced peer review and selection, no matter what kind of distributions of stringent reviewers and lenient reviewers are. PMID:26090849

  14. This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in International Journal of Epidemiology following peer review.

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    the personality questionnaires composed of the Bortner Type-A scale, the Buss-Durkee-Hostility-Inventory (for-Inventory that assesses six personality types (cancer-prone, coronary heart disease (CHD)-prone, ambivalent, healthy" "antisocial", and "healthy" personality types. After mutually adjusting personality traits for each other

  15. This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Journal of Tropical Pediatrics following peer review.

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    /6/351 Infant feeding practices before implementing alternatives to prolonged breastfeeding to reduce HIV'Epidémiologie Nutritionnelles, Institut de Veille Sanitaire, Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers, Paris, France 3 Projet the implementation of infant feeding interventions aimed at the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV

  16. This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in JNCI Journal of the National Cancer Institute following peer review.

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in Asian populations have suggested that high consumption of soy-based foods that are rich in isoflavone were not taking soy isoflavone supplements. Relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs of isoflavones, which are found in high concentrations in soy and legumes, and lignans, which are found

  17. This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in International Journal of Epidemiology following peer review.

    E-print Network

    ://ije.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/36/1/110 VACCINATION AND THE RISK OF CHILDHOOD ACUTE LEUKAEMIA: THE ESCALE STUDY (SFCE*) Nathalie that the risk of childhood leukaemia might be increased by hepatitis B vaccination. Elucidating the role of vaccination in the etiology of childhood acute leukaemia was therefore included in the objectives

  18. 45 CFR 60.10 - Reporting negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...peer review organizations or private accreditation entities. ...NATIONAL PRACTITIONER DATA BANK FOR ADVERSE INFORMATION ON...peer review organizations or private accreditation entities. ...peer review organization or private accreditation entity....

  19. 45 CFR 60.10 - Reporting negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...peer review organizations or private accreditation entities. ...NATIONAL PRACTITIONER DATA BANK FOR ADVERSE INFORMATION ON...peer review organizations or private accreditation entities. ...peer review organization or private accreditation entity....

  20. 45 CFR 60.10 - Reporting negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...peer review organizations or private accreditation entities. ...NATIONAL PRACTITIONER DATA BANK FOR ADVERSE INFORMATION ON...peer review organizations or private accreditation entities. ...peer review organization or private accreditation entity....

  1. This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Protein Engineering Design and Selection following peer review. The definitive publisher-

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Germain et al. Protein Engineering, Design and Selection.2008 is available online at: http Author manuscript, published in "Protein Engineering Design and Selection / Protein Engineering DesignThis is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Protein

  2. Scottish Universities Physics Alliance Peer Reviewed

    E-print Network

    Strathclyde, University of

    ; Couder, M; Loiselet, M; Ryckewaert, G; Descouvemont, P; Aliotta, M; Davinson, T; Liu, Z; Woods, P Wood, AJ; Ackland, GJ; Lenton, TM JOURNAL OF THEORETICAL BIOLOGY Vol. 242, Is. 1, 188-198, (2006, M; Davinson, T; Ruiz, C; Woods, PJ; D'Auria, JM; Buchmann, L; Chen, AA; Laird, AM; Sarazin, F

  3. Finding & Citing Journal Articles Sept 2008 There are many journal indexes that can help you find citations to journal articles, and in

    E-print Network

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    Finding & Citing Journal Articles Sept 2008 There are many journal indexes that can help you find citations to journal articles, and in many cases, full-text electronic versions of these articles. For your convenience, journal indexes have been grouped by subject. We'll use `geography' in this example. A. Success

  4. BRAINA JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY REVIEW ARTICLE

    E-print Network

    Sur, Mriganka

    BRAINA JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY REVIEW ARTICLE Harnessing neuroplasticity for clinical applications Resources, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA 15 National Institute on Drug Abuse, Rockville, MD 20852, USA 16 Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA 22 Berenson-Allen Centre for Non

  5. 7 CFR 3400.21 - Scientific peer review for research activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...false Scientific peer review for research activities. 3400.21 Section...FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Peer and Merit Review...21 Scientific peer review for research activities....

  6. 7 CFR 3411.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE NATIONAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE COMPETITIVE GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3411.10 Establishment and operation of peer review...

  7. 7 CFR 3400.21 - Scientific peer review for research activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...false Scientific peer review for research activities. 3400.21 Section...FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Peer and Merit Review...21 Scientific peer review for research activities....

  8. 7 CFR 3400.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3400.10 Establishment and operation of peer review groups....

  9. 7 CFR 3400.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3400.10 Establishment and operation of peer review groups....

  10. 7 CFR 3411.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE NATIONAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE COMPETITIVE GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3411.10 Establishment and operation of peer review...

  11. 7 CFR 3400.21 - Scientific peer review for research activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...false Scientific peer review for research activities. 3400.21 Section...FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Peer and Merit Review...21 Scientific peer review for research activities....

  12. 7 CFR 3400.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3400.10 Establishment and operation of peer review groups....

  13. 7 CFR 3400.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3400.10 Establishment and operation of peer review groups....

  14. 7 CFR 3400.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3400.10 Establishment and operation of peer review groups....

  15. 7 CFR 3400.21 - Scientific peer review for research activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...false Scientific peer review for research activities. 3400.21 Section...FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Peer and Merit Review...21 Scientific peer review for research activities....

  16. 7 CFR 3400.21 - Scientific peer review for research activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Peer and... Scientific peer review for research activities. Scientific...proposed project for technical quality and relevance to regional...skills to conduct the proposed research work. Peer reviewers may...

  17. Research and Teaching: An Analysis of Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) in a Science Lecture Classroom

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    David A. Long

    2008-03-01

    Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) is an online tool being used to integrate a writing component in classrooms. In an introductory zoology lecture class, the authors found that CPR-assigned scores were significantly higher than instructor-assigned scores on two of three essay assignments. They also found that neither students' technical-writing skills nor their abilities to convey scientific understanding of articles through summary essays improved during the semester. However, the CPR system offered fairly simple setup and submission for students and decreased grading time for instructors.

  18. Nano Research Journal

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Nano Research is a peer-reviewed, international and interdisciplinary research journal that focuses on all aspects of nanoscience and nanotechnology. Submissions are solicited in all topical areas, ranging from basic aspects of the science of nanoscale materials to practical applications of such materials. Nano Research is an open-access journal, making all research results freely available online.Nano Research offers readers an attractive mix of authoritative and comprehensive Reviews, original cutting-edge research in Communication and Full Paper formats. Rapid review to ensure quick publication is a key feature of Nano Research.Articles in Nano Research are accessible free of charge in 2008 and 2009.

  19. Web-based peer review: the learner as both adapter and reviewer

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric Zhi-Feng Liu; Sunny S. J. Lin; Chi-Huang Chiu; Shyan-Ming Yuan

    2001-01-01

    This study describes an effective web-based learning strategy, peer review, used by 143 computer science undergraduate students in an operating systems class at a Taiwanese university. Peer review, based on social constructivism, can be easily implemented via the authors' well-developed web-based peer review (WPR) system. Through peer review, the authors hope to form an authentic learning environment similar to an

  20. Doing More with Less: Effective Research and Peer Review

    EPA Science Inventory

    This short discourse is an excerpt from the Founders Award address presented by Dr. Ankley last fall at the Annual SETAC meeting in Tampa, FL. In it he discusses the importance of knowing when to quit pursuing a line of research, and the importance of peer review....

  1. Peer Reviewers' Dilemmas: Values Antinomies when Evaluating Higher Education Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patry, Jean-Luc; Gastager, Angela

    2012-01-01

    Whenever evaluations are done, there are antinomies of interests both within and between stakeholders. To account for such antinomies, taxonomy has been developed which will be presented and discussed using the peer review processes in university evaluations as example. The taxonomy contains four dimensions: a) seven values domains are…

  2. Facilitating Improved Writing among Students through Directed Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crossman, Joanne M.; Kite, Stacey L.

    2012-01-01

    This study contributes to scant empirical investigation of peer critique of writing among heterogeneously grouped native and nonnative speakers of English, now commonplace in higher education. This mixed-methods study investigated the use of directed peer review to improve writing among graduate students, the majority of whom were nonnative…

  3. Constructing the Components of a Lab Report Using Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berry, David E.; Fawkes, Kelli L.

    2010-01-01

    A protocol that emphasizes lab report writing using a piecemeal approach coupled with peer review is described. As the lab course progresses, the focus of the report writing changes sequentially through the abstract and introduction, the discussion, and the procedure. Two styles of lab programs are presented. One style rotates the students through…

  4. June 24, 2013 Final Independent External Peer Review Report

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    and Environmental Impact Statement Lake Worth Inlet, Palm Beach Harbor Prepared by Battelle Memorial Institute on the Draft Integrated Feasibility Report and Environmental Impact Statement Lake Worth Inlet, Palm Beach Peer Review Report on the Draft Integrated Feasibility Report and Environmental Impact Statement Lake

  5. Instructors' Uses, Experiences, Thoughts and Suggestions regarding Calibrated Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gunersel, Adalet Baris; Simpson, Nancy J.

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents a qualitative study conducted with faculty members who participated in a project funded by the National Science Foundation focusing on student development with Calibrated Peer Review (CPR)[TM], a web-based tool created to promote writing and critical-thinking skills. The purpose of the study was to gain an understanding of…

  6. Development of Student Writing in Biochemistry Using Calibrated Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartberg, Yasha; Gunersel, Adalet Baris; Simspon, Nancy J.; Balester, Valerie

    2008-01-01

    This study investigating the effectiveness of Calibrated Peer Review (CPR )[TM] in a senior-level biochemistry class had three purposes: to (a) compare the CPR process for feedback with TA-generated feedback in improving students' ability to write scientific abstracts; (b) compare CPR results for males and females; and (c) observe whether CPR…

  7. Reviewer Stances and Writer Perceptions in EFL Peer Review Training

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Min, Hui-Tzu

    2008-01-01

    Research has shown that reviewers' stances can impact the efficacy of peer response/review and subsequent revision. The purpose of this classroom-based study was to compare reviewer stances and writer perceptions of/and attitudes toward these stances prior to and after peer review training in an EFL writing class. Eighteen intermediate EFL writers…

  8. Trans-NIH Regional Grant Writing & Scientific Peer Review Workshops

    Cancer.gov

    CGH organizes The Regional Grant Writing & Scientific Peer Review Workshops in coordination with several Institutes and Centers across NIH to increase the participation of scientists from LMICs in the research grant process; develop strategies for sustainable research support and collaborations; and use competitive research as a tool to address global health issues.

  9. Knowledge Media Institute Redesigning the Peer Review Process

    E-print Network

    -in-Action Tamara Sumner, Simon Buckingham Shum, Michael Wright, Nathalie Bonnardel & Aline Chevalier KMI-TR-96 June., Buckingham Shum, S., Wright, M., Bonnardel, N., & Chevalier, A. (2000). Redesigning the Peer Review Process Theory-in-Action Tamara Sumner, Simon Buckingham Shum, Michael Wright, Nathalie Bonnardel & Aline

  10. April 2, 2013 Final Independent External Peer Review Report

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Michigan shoreline and, in particular, to Lake Shore Drive, a major transportation artery in the City: The project for storm damage reduction and shore protection, Lake Michigan, Illinois, from Wilmette, IllinoisApril 2, 2013 Final Independent External Peer Review Report Illinois Shoreline Erosion, Interim III

  11. Teacher Immediacy: Reflections on a Peer Review of Teaching Scheme

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nixon, Sarah; Vickerman, Philip; Maynard, Carol

    2010-01-01

    Using a qualitative approach drawing on the experiences of four HE lecturers, this study provides an exploration of and insights into a peer review of teaching (PRT) scheme, which focused on teacher immediacy and communication skills. Within the United Kingdom, limited research has been undertaken in relation to teacher immediacy even though…

  12. QA REVIEWS: HOW THEY DIFFER FROM PEER REVIEWS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Research papers and reports written by scientists and engineers in the United States Environmental Protection Agency are reviewed by the agency's quality assurance staff. EPA papers and reports are subjected to peer reviews that check for the validity of conclusions and the gener...

  13. Investigating Mandatory Peer Review of Teaching In Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brix, Jacinta; Grainger, Peter; Hill, Angela

    2014-01-01

    Accountability agendas are influencing the secondary education sector in Australian schools. Analysis of student achievement, student feedback mechanisms and personal reflection are forming part of these agendas as methods of teacher evaluation. Additionally, and more recently, teacher evaluation through "peer review" is emerging as a…

  14. Peer Review Plan Date: 11/14/2011

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Plan Date: 11/14/2011 Source Center: Utah Water Science Center 2329 West Orton Circle: This product is considered by the USGS to be Influential Scientific Information. Timing of Review (Including Deferrals): October ­ November 2011. Deferrals are not anticipated. Manner of Review, Selection of Reviewers

  15. Peer Review Plan Date: 6/27/12

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Plan Date: 6/27/12 Source Center: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Arkansas Water Science. Timing of Review (Including Deferrals): June - July 2012. Deferrals are not anticipated at this time. Manner of Review, Selection of Reviewers, and Nomination Process: Review will be by individual letters

  16. Rethinking Feedback Practices in Higher Education: A Peer Review Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nicol, David; Thomson, Avril; Breslin, Caroline

    2014-01-01

    Peer review is a reciprocal process whereby students produce feedback reviews on the work of peers and receive feedback reviews from peers on their own work. Prior research has primarily examined the learning benefits that result from the receipt of feedback reviews, with few studies specifically exploring the merits of producing feedback reviews…

  17. Peer Review Plan Date: 7/23/14

    E-print Network

    Peer Review Plan Date: 7/23/14 Source Center: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Core Science Systems Assessment. Timing of Review (Including Deferrals): April 2014 ­ May 2014. Deferrals are not anticipated at this time. Manner of Review, Selection of Reviewers, and Nomination Process: Review will be by individual

  18. Peer Review Plan Date: 5/8/2014

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Plan Date: 5/8/2014 Source Center: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Texas Water Science Scientific Information. Timing of Review (Including Deferrals): September 2013 ­ May 2014. Deferrals are not anticipated at this time. Manner of Review, Selection of Reviewers, and Nomination Process: Review

  19. Peer Review Plan Date: 12/20/2010

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Plan Date: 12/20/2010 Source Center: U.S Geological Survey (USGS) Oregon Water Science is considered to be Influential Scientific Information. Timing of Review (including Deferrals): 30 days. Deferrals are not anticipated. Manner of Review, Selection of Reviewers, and Nomination Process: This review

  20. Peer Review Plan Date: 1/4/2011

    E-print Network

    Torgersen, Christian

    Peer Review Plan Date: 1/4/2011 Source Center: U.S Geological Survey Arizona Water Science Center. Timing of Review (including Deferrals): November 2009 - March 2010. Deferrals are not anticipated. Manner of Review, Selection of Reviewers and Nomination Process: This review will be conducted via individual

  1. Collaborative Learning through Formative Peer Review with Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eaton, Carrie Diaz; Wade, Stephanie

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes a collaboration between a mathematician and a compositionist who developed a sequence of collaborative writing assignments for calculus. This sequence of developmentally appropriate assignments presents peer review as a collaborative process that promotes reflection, deepens understanding, and improves exposition. First, we…

  2. NIH Mulls Ways to Lure Back Veteran Peer Reviewers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brainard, Jeffrey

    2008-01-01

    Not long ago, academic scientists welcomed calls from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) asking them to volunteer as peer reviewers. Many were glad for the opportunity to help distribute billions of dollars in federal biomedical-research grants even though the service required a big time commitment--the equivalent of one month a year to…

  3. Enhancing Proof Writing via Cross-Institutional Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ernst, Dana C.; Hodge, Angie; Schultz, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    In the Spring of 2011, two of the authors of this paper taught number theory courses at their respective institutions. Twice during the semester, students in each class submitted proofs of two to three theorems to be peer reviewed by students in the other class. Each student wrote anonymous and formal referee reports of the submitted theorems,…

  4. Teaching Undergraduates the Process of Peer Review: Learning by Doing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rangachari, P. K.

    2010-01-01

    An active approach allowed undergraduates in Health Sciences to learn the dynamics of peer review at first hand. A four-stage process was used. In "stage 1", students formed self-selected groups to explore specific issues. In "stage 2", each group posted their interim reports online on a specific date. Each student read all the other reports and…

  5. Final Independent External Peer Review Report Olmsted Locks and Dam 52 and 53 Replacement

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Final Independent External Peer Review Report Olmsted Locks and Dam 52 and 53 Replacement Project Review Report Olmsted Locks and Dam 52 and 53 Replacement Project Updated Cost Estimate Peer Review and Dam 52 and 53 Replacement Project Updated Cost Estimate Peer Review EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Project

  6. Designing for the Future: The New Open Suite of Programs and Peer Review Process

    E-print Network

    Charette, André

    the efficiency and effectiveness of CIHR's funding and peer review processes by: - Reducing funding program, what will CIHR have achieved? Our goal in designing the new Open Suite of Programs and peer review. It also includes an expert peer review system that is well-managed, fair, and transparent in the selection

  7. COURSE PORTFOLIO INITIATIVEFall 2001 Volume 1: Number 1 Peer Review of Teaching &

    E-print Network

    Polly, David

    COURSE PORTFOLIO INITIATIVEFall 2001 · Volume 1: Number 1 Peer Review of Teaching & Course Portfolios This document provides an overview of the peer review effort at Indiana Univer- sity, Bloomington portfolios, describes the peer review pro- cess, presents a calendar of activities, and aims to answer

  8. Pre-University Chemistry Students in a Mimicked Scholarly Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Rens, Lisette; Hermarij, Philip; Pilot, Albert; Beishuizen, Jos; Hofman, Herman; Wal, Marjolein

    2014-01-01

    Peer review is a significant component in scientific research. Introducing peer review into inquiry processes may be regarded as an aim to develop student understanding regarding quality in inquiries. This study examines student understanding in inquiry peer reviews among pre-university chemistry students, aged 16-17, when they enact a design of a…

  9. Predicting Academics' Willingness to Participate in Peer Review of Teaching: A Quantitative Investigation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Kiri; Boehm, Emilia; Chester, Andrea

    2014-01-01

    Peer review of teaching is a collegial process designed to help academics reflect on and improve their teaching practice. Considerable research supports the value of peer review of teaching. However, uptake of voluntary programs is typically low. Few studies have examined the predictors of engagement in voluntary peer review. This study surveyed…

  10. Adapting Peer Review to an Online Course: An Exploratory Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knight, Linda V.; Steinbach, Theresa A.

    2011-01-01

    With demonstrated benefits to higher level learning, peer review in the classroom has been well researched and popular since at least the 1990s. However, little or no prior studies exist into the peer review process for online courses. Further, we found no prior research specifically addressing the operational aspects of online peer review. This…

  11. Building Scholarly Writers: Student Perspectives on Peer Review in a Doctoral Writing Seminar

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adamek, Margaret Ellen

    2015-01-01

    Peer review was used as a primary pedagogical tool in a scholarly writing course for social work doctoral students. To gauge student response to peer review and learning as a result of peer review, the instructor used narrative analysis to organize student comments into themes. Themes identified included initial trepidation, "no pain, no…

  12. How Does Student Peer Review Influence Perceptions, Engagement and Academic Outcomes? A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulder, Raoul; Baik, Chi; Naylor, Ryan; Pearce, Jon

    2014-01-01

    Involving students in peer review has many pedagogical benefits, but few studies have explicitly investigated relationships between the content of peer reviews, student perceptions and assessment outcomes. We conducted a case study of peer review within a third-year undergraduate subject at a research-intensive Australian university, in which we…

  13. LeaD-In: A Cultural Change Model for Peer Review of Teaching in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnard, A.; Nash, R.; McEvoy, K.; Shannon, S.; Waters, C.; Rochester, S.; Bolt, S.

    2015-01-01

    Peer review of teaching is recognized increasingly as one strategy for academic development even though historically peer review of teaching is often unsupported by policy, action and culture in many Australian universities. Higher education leaders report that academics generally do not engage with peer review of teaching in a systematic or…

  14. Quality in Research and the Significance of Community Assessment and Peer Review: Education's Idiosyncrasy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Macnab, Natasha; Thomas, Gary

    2007-01-01

    Calls for the quality of educational research to be monitored more carefully are examined in the context of the most widely used and trusted form of quality screening, namely, that afforded by peer review. The serious limitations of peer review for this purpose, especially in education, are outlined before discussing the place of peer review

  15. Journal of Air Transportation World Wide. Volume 2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bowen, Brent (Editor)

    1997-01-01

    The Journal of Air Transportation World Wide's (JATWW) mission is to provide the global community immediate key resource information in all areas of air transportation. Our goal is to be recognized as the preeminent scholarly journal in the aeronautical aspects of transportation. As an international and interdisciplinary journal, the JATWW will provide a forum for peer-reviewed articles in all areas of aviation and space transportation research, policy, theory, case study, practice, and issues. While maintaining a broad scope, a key focal point of the journal will be in the area of aviation administration and policy.

  16. Journal of Air Transportation World Wide. Volume 3

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bowen, Brent D. (Editor)

    1998-01-01

    The Journal of Air Transportation World Wide's (JATWW) mission is to provide the global community immediate key resource information in all areas of air transportation. Our goal is to be recognized as the preeminent scholarly journal in the aeronautical aspects of transportation. As an international and interdisciplinary journal, the JATWW will provide a forum for peer-reviewed articles in all areas of aviation and space transportation research, policy, theory, case study, practice, and issues. While maintaining a broad scope, a focal point of the journal will be in the area of aviation administration and policy.

  17. Finding Journal Articles at the University of Manitoba Libraries (UML)

    E-print Network

    Major, Arkady

    Finding Journal Articles at the University of Manitoba Libraries (UML) Library research often of the article available in PDF format. Select PDF Full Text to display the article. At this point you may print

  18. Journal Article Style Thesis/Dissertation Format A relatively new option for completing your thesis/dissertation is the Journal Article Style

    E-print Network

    Journal Article Style Thesis/Dissertation Format A relatively new option for completing your thesis/dissertation is the Journal Article Style Format. The Journal Article style allows you to author manuscripts designed, as in the Traditional format. The articles in the Journal Article style need to exhibit your original research, and must

  19. Publications, peer review, and the young scientist

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kellett, R. L.

    As scientists and communicators, we all make our living through the expression of our ideas and the results of our scientific research. This expression takes many forms, but, most notably, published articles lie at the heart of our endeavors. I would like to present my opinions on some problems that I, as a young scientist, see in our profession.Several years ago, two wonderful letters appeared in Geology discussing the problems of honorary coauthorship [Zen, 1988, Means, 1988]. Honorary coauthorship is a by-product of the system set up to fund scientific research. More generally, the problem is the need to publish a great number of articles in order to survive.

  20. Clinical peer review in the United States: History, legal development and subsequent abuse

    PubMed Central

    Vyas, Dinesh; Hozain, Ahmed E

    2014-01-01

    The Joint Commission on Accreditation requires hospitals to conduct peer review to retain accreditation. Despite the intended purpose of improving quality medical care, the peer review process has suffered several setbacks throughout its tenure. In the 1980s, abuse of peer review for personal economic interest led to a highly publicized multimillion-dollar verdict by the United States Supreme Court against the perpetrating physicians and hospital. The verdict led to decreased physician participation for fear of possible litigation. Believing that peer review was critical to quality medical care, Congress subsequently enacted the Health Care Quality Improvement Act (HCQIA) granting comprehensive legal immunity for peer reviewers to increase participation. While serving its intended goal, HCQIA has also granted peer reviewers significant immunity likely emboldening abuses resulting in Sham Peer Reviews. While legal reform of HCQIA is necessary to reduce sham peer reviews, further measures including the need for standardization of the peer review process alongside external organizational monitoring are critical to improving peer review and reducing the prevalence of sham peer reviews. PMID:24914357

  1. ARTICLE IN PRESS Journal of Approximation Theory ( )

    E-print Network

    Berndt, Bruce C.

    . E-mail addresses: nayan@tezu.ernet.in (N.D. Baruah), berndt@illinois.edu (B.C. Berndt). 1 Research rights reserved. doi:10.1016/j.jat.2008.04.002 Please cite this article as: N.D. Baruah, B.C. Berndt (2008), doi:10.1016/j.jat.2008.04.002 #12;2 N.D. Baruah, B.C. Berndt / Journal of Approximation Theory

  2. Electronic Journal of Differential Equations (EJDE)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    An electronic publication (e-journal) dealing with all aspects of differential equations (ODEs, PDEs, integral equations, functional differential equations, etc.), and their applications. The EJDE accepts only first-rate original work, subject to as rigid a peer review process as is applied by print journals. Articles are submitted electronically, refereed, and then provided to the mathematical community electronically. Printed copies of articles are kept at the U.S. Library of Congress, and at the Southwest Texas State University and University of North Texas libraries.

  3. Calibrated peer review assignments for the earth sciences

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Rudd, J.A., II; Wang, V.Z.; Cervato, C.; Ridky, R.W.

    2009-01-01

    Calibrated Peer Review ??? (CPR), a web-based instructional tool developed as part of the National Science Foundation reform initiatives in undergraduate science education, allows instructors to incorporate multiple writing assignments in large courses without overwhelming the instructor. This study reports successful implementation of CPR in a large, introductory geology course and student learning of geoscience content. For each CPR assignment in this study, students studied web-based and paper resources, wrote an essay, and reviewed seven essays (three from the instructor, three from peers, and their own) on the topic. Although many students expressed negative attitudes and concerns, particularly about the peer review process of this innovative instructional approach, they also recognized the learning potential of completing CPR assignments. Comparing instruction on earthquakes and plate boundaries using a CPR assignment vs. an instructional video lecture and homework essay with extensive instructor feedback, students mastered more content via CPR instruction.

  4. Peer-Reviewed Articles Substitutability in Recreational Fishing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ROBERT B. DITTON; STEPHEN G. SUTTON

    2004-01-01

    The authors wanted to know the extent to which anglers were willing to make substitution decisions when constrained, and identify explanatory variables for substitution decisions. Anglers were asked if there were other outdoor recreation activities that would provide them with the same satisfaction and enjoyment they received from fishing. About 51% said yes. The most fre- quently identified substitutes were

  5. The Electronic Magazine of Original Peer-Reviewed Survey Articles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    KOSTAS PENTIKOUSIS

    The Internet has evolved during the last decade, reaching a larger number of users and encompassing several new technologies. New classes of hosts such as mobile devices are gaining popularity, while the transmission media become more heterogeneous. Wireless networks exhibit different characteristics than wired ones. Mobile hosts have different needs and limitations than desktop computers. TCP has served well the

  6. Publications on Latin America Peer-Reviewed Articles

    E-print Network

    Lopez-Carr, David

    Help Adaptation? Evidence from Community-Based Water Management in the Colombian Andes Environmental-Carr (2011). Social Identity, Perception and Motivation in Adaptation to Climate Risk in the Coffee Sector). The Effects of Migrant Remittances on Population- Environment Dynamics in Migrant Origin Areas: International

  7. Emerging trends in peer review-a survey.

    PubMed

    Walker, Richard; Rocha da Silva, Pascal

    2015-01-01

    "Classical peer review" has been subject to intense criticism for slowing down the publication process, bias against specific categories of paper and author, unreliability, inability to detect errors and fraud, unethical practices, and the lack of recognition for unpaid reviewers. This paper surveys innovative forms of peer review that attempt to address these issues. Based on an initial literature review, we construct a sample of 82 channels of scientific communication covering all forms of review identified by the survey, and analyze the review mechanisms used by each channel. We identify two major trends: the rapidly expanding role of preprint servers (e.g., ArXiv) that dispense with traditional peer review altogether, and the growth of "non-selective review," focusing on papers' scientific quality rather than their perceived importance and novelty. Other potentially important developments include forms of "open review," which remove reviewer anonymity, and interactive review, as well as new mechanisms for post-publication review and out-of-channel reader commentary, especially critical commentary targeting high profile papers. One of the strongest findings of the survey is the persistence of major differences between the peer review processes used by different disciplines. None of these differences is likely to disappear in the foreseeable future. The most likely scenario for the coming years is thus continued diversification, in which different review mechanisms serve different author, reader, and publisher needs. Relatively little is known about the impact of these innovations on the problems they address. These are important questions for future quantitative research. PMID:26074753

  8. Emerging trends in peer review—a survey

    PubMed Central

    Walker, Richard; Rocha da Silva, Pascal

    2015-01-01

    “Classical peer review” has been subject to intense criticism for slowing down the publication process, bias against specific categories of paper and author, unreliability, inability to detect errors and fraud, unethical practices, and the lack of recognition for unpaid reviewers. This paper surveys innovative forms of peer review that attempt to address these issues. Based on an initial literature review, we construct a sample of 82 channels of scientific communication covering all forms of review identified by the survey, and analyze the review mechanisms used by each channel. We identify two major trends: the rapidly expanding role of preprint servers (e.g., ArXiv) that dispense with traditional peer review altogether, and the growth of “non-selective review,” focusing on papers' scientific quality rather than their perceived importance and novelty. Other potentially important developments include forms of “open review,” which remove reviewer anonymity, and interactive review, as well as new mechanisms for post-publication review and out-of-channel reader commentary, especially critical commentary targeting high profile papers. One of the strongest findings of the survey is the persistence of major differences between the peer review processes used by different disciplines. None of these differences is likely to disappear in the foreseeable future. The most likely scenario for the coming years is thus continued diversification, in which different review mechanisms serve different author, reader, and publisher needs. Relatively little is known about the impact of these innovations on the problems they address. These are important questions for future quantitative research. PMID:26074753

  9. A Study of Technical Engineering Peer Reviews at NASA

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chao, Lawrence P.; Tumer, Irem Y.; Bell, David G.

    2003-01-01

    This report describes the state of practices of design reviews at NASA and research into what can be done to improve peer review practices. There are many types of reviews at NASA: required and not, formalized and informal, programmatic and technical. Standing project formal reviews such as the Preliminary Design Review and Critical Design Review are a required part of every project and mission development. However, the technical, engineering peer reviews that support teams' work on such projects are informal, some times ad hoc, and inconsistent across the organization. The goal of this work is to identify best practices and lessons learned from NASA's experience, supported by academic research and methodologies to ultimately improve the process. This research has determined that the organization, composition, scope, and approach of the reviews impact their success. Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) can identify key areas of concern before or in the reviews. Product definition tools like the Project Priority Matrix, engineering-focused Customer Value Chain Analysis (CVCA), and project or system-based Quality Function Deployment (QFD) help prioritize resources in reviews. The use of information technology and structured design methodologies can strengthen the engineering peer review process to help NASA work towards error-proofing the design process.

  10. Writes of Passage: Writing an Empirical Journal Article

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Lynn

    2005-01-01

    This article provides advice about preparing research reports for submission to professional journals in general and "Journal of Marriage and Family" in particular. In addition to working through all the major parts of a research paper, I provide some general advice about writing, editing, and revising. The article is intended to help new…

  11. Accessing Journal Article from Libraries Website The majority of the e-reserve journal articles are available in print or via library subscription databases.

    E-print Network

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    Accessing Journal Article from Libraries Website The majority of the e-reserve journal articles are available in print or via library subscription databases. Students will need the journal article citation to find the article. Below are instructions for finding articles from a citation. Example: Beachy, R. N

  12. Issues of cultural appropriateness and pedagogical efficacy: exploring peer review in a second language writing class

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guangwei Hu; Sandra Tsui Eu Lam

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports on a study designed to investigate (a) whether peer review is an effective pedagogical activity with adult\\u000a Chinese students in the teaching of second language (L2) academic writing and (b) how factors such as perceptions of the influence\\u000a of peer reviewers’ L2 proficiency, previous experience with peer review, feedback preferences, and culturally-based beliefs\\u000a and practices relate to

  13. 7 CFR 3415.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Agriculture (Continued) COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.10...

  14. Journal Article Citation Classics in School Psychology: Analysis of the Most Cited Articles in Five School Psychology Journals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Price, Katherine W.; Floyd, Randy G.; Fagan, Thomas K.; Smithson, Kelly

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify and examine the top 100 most highly cited articles of all time as well as the 25 most highly cited articles of the last decade from within 5 school psychology journals: "Journal of School Psychology," "Psychology in the Schools," "School Psychology International," "School Psychology Quarterly," and "School…

  15. Peer review of HEDR uncertainty and sensitivity analyses plan

    SciTech Connect

    Hoffman, F.O.

    1993-06-01

    This report consists of a detailed documentation of the writings and deliberations of the peer review panel that met on May 24--25, 1993 in Richland, Washington to evaluate your draft report ``Uncertainty/Sensitivity Analysis Plan`` (PNWD-2124 HEDR). The fact that uncertainties are being considered in temporally and spatially varying parameters through the use of alternative time histories and spatial patterns deserves special commendation. It is important to identify early those model components and parameters that will have the most influence on the magnitude and uncertainty of the dose estimates. These are the items that should be investigated most intensively prior to committing to a final set of results.

  16. This is an Accepted Article that has been peer-reviewed and approved for publication in the FEBS Journal, but has yet to undergo copy-editing and proof correction. Please cite this article as an "Accepted Article"; doi

    E-print Network

    Chait, Brian T.

    for initiation of gene expression. It is shown in Fig. 1 for the transcription factors known as GATA-1 and FOG-1 expression [5]. Other members of the GATA family of transcription factors are involved in different

  17. BASK presentations: progress to journal publication.

    PubMed

    Mihok, Peter; Worley, Samuel; Hassaballa, Mohammed; Punwar, Shahid; Porteous, Andrew; Murray, James

    2013-10-01

    Scientific conferences, such as the British Association for Surgery of the Knee (BASK) annual meeting, provide an important channel for the exchange of information between researchers. However, the ultimate means of disseminating research information is publication in a relevant peer-reviewed journal. The goal of this study was to follow up published abstracts in the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, British Volume supplement from the annual BASK conference and determine how many presented abstracts progressed to article publication in a peer-reviewed journal. Combined Google Scholar and PubMed searches of 602 BASK abstract titles over a 10-year period were performed, and the resulting articles were reviewed to confirm that they were directly associated with the corresponding abstracts. Two hundred (33.2%) abstracts presented at BASK conferences over a 10-year period were found in online or print format. This amount is comparable with other similar conferences' publication rates. Only one-third of abstracts presented at the BASK conference were converted to journal publication as full articles. This may be due to multiple rejections, lack of time, relocation of the authors, or a reluctance to publish negative findings. Alternatively, changes in an abstract's title for publication prevents online search engines from identifying the final article and may explain some disparity. Furthermore, presented abstracts may not survive the strict peer-review process required for journal publication. Because these findings from BASK mirror other specialty meetings, clinicians should accept the results of orthopedic meeting proceedings with some level of caution. PMID:24093702

  18. Navigation from the article back to the journal's home page.

    E-print Network

    Cai, Long

    through each figure in the article. From each compound you can access PubChem, view and rotate in 3-D in translation. 1. The article is modified to the best layout for local printing. 2. Forward the article to a friend or colleague. 3. View the article as it appears in the printed journal. 4. Export citation details

  19. Implementing peer review at an emergency medicine blog: bridging the gap between educators and clinical experts.

    PubMed

    Thoma, Brent; Chan, Teresa; Desouza, Natalie; Lin, Michelle

    2015-03-01

    Emergency physicians are leaders in the ''free open-access meducation'' (FOAM) movement. The mandate of FOAM is to create open-access education and knowledge translation resources for trainees and practicing physicians (e.g., blogs, podcasts, and vodcasts). Critics of FOAM have suggested that because such resources can be easily published online without quality control mechanisms, unreviewed FOAM resources may be erroneous or biased. We present a new initiative to incorporate open, expert, peer review into an established academic medical blog. Experts provided either pre- or postpublication reviews that were visible to blog readers. This article outlines the details of this initiative and discusses the potentially transformative impact of this educational innovation. PMID:25927262

  20. ABOUT THE JOURNAL Schools: Studies in Education fills a long-standing void in the world

    E-print Network

    Mateo, Jill M.

    . This peer-reviewed journal publishes scholarly articles based on theory and research, interpretive ADVERTISING RATES Position Rate Specs Full Page $400 4 ˝" x 7 ˝" Half Page $300 V: 2 1/8" x 7 1/2" H: 4 1/2" x month $150 300 x 250 pixels 2014 ADVERTISING DEADLINES Issue Space Art May Feb 1 Mar 1 Oct Aug 1 Sep 1

  1. Death of a journal: lost opportunities, new challenges, or both?

    PubMed

    Gunn, I P

    2000-11-01

    The announced cessation of publication of CRNA: The Clinical Forum for Nurse Anesthetists brings into focus the problems that confront smaller subscription-based professional journals in a print or paper mode. We are in an age in which there is a high level of competition for peoples' time and attention, in an environment where there is a danger of information overload. Electronic media are competing with print media, and there are advantages and disadvantages to both. This is not only within the realm of news, sports, and entertainment, but professional information as well. Debates will abound as to how best, and in what medium, research should be made available to professions and the public. Unfortunately, the revelations in the past few years of the poor state of published research in our print journals, despite peer review, makes it more difficult to advocate them in a climate where the shift may well be toward electronic journals. Although many print journals have also gone online, they usually limit the viewership to abstracts or a few articles. Some of thejournals that have been created as online journals and have their articles peer reviewed have not been in existence long enough to examine the extent to which the peer-review system is any better than for print journals. It is exceedingly important that research and its conclusions that make its way into either print or online journals are reliable and valid before we apply them to our practice. Relying on individual readers to make that determination is problematic, because most readers are not that astute in sophisticated research methods and statistics. With the loss of this journal, CRNA opportunities for research and commentary publication are lost. It will produce new challenges to interested CRNAs who choose to balance this loss with new opportunities. PMID:11866028

  2. Nexus Journal: Architecture and Mathematics Online

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Nexus Network Journal is a peer-reviewed research journal on studies in architecture and mathematics. The publication, which comes out twice yearly, is divided into the following sections: Research Articles, Didactics, Geometer's Angle, Book and Article Reviews, Conference and Exhibit Reports, Virtual Library, Submission Guidelines, and Readers' Queries. Research articles address broad topics such as, "How Should We Study Architecture and Mathematics?" and more specific topics such as an analysis of Palladio's buildings. (Note that a few articles are in languages other than English.) The Didactics section includes articles on instructional issues and student projects related to studies of architecture and mathematics. The Geometer's Angle (TM) section includes musings of a featured "Geometer." Readers are invited to post queries and responses in the Readers' Queries section of the website. Orders placed for books through the Virtual Library help fund the Nexus Network Journal.

  3. Analysis of reference sources used in drug-related Wikipedia articles*

    PubMed Central

    Koppen, Laura; Phillips, Jennifer; Papageorgiou, Renee

    2015-01-01

    Objective References from drug-related Wikipedia articles and a drug information database were compared. Methods Drugs in Food and Drug Administration (FDA) MedWatch alerts from January–July 2013 were searched in Wikipedia and Lexicomp to compare reference types and to assess the time for drug safety information to be incorporated into Wikipedia articles. Results Wikipedia most commonly cited peer-reviewed journal articles (49.2%) and news articles (12.0%). MedWatch citations were incorporated into Wikipedia on average in 5.9 days. Conclusions Wikipedia cited various sources but may not be a reliable, up-to-date resource for drug safety information.

  4. PHYSICS 653/636: TERM PAPER PEER REVIEWING My annual "pep talk"

    E-print Network

    Henley, Christopher L.

    must really be dumb; I'll hide my ignorance by not writing any comments." Well, maybe you could have, anyhow. As a spinoff of peer review reading, you'll probably get better at self criticism as is usefulPHYSICS 653/636: TERM PAPER PEER REVIEWING My annual "pep talk" Timing Please read the papers

  5. A Look Backward: The Peer Review Program of the American Psychological Association

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elissa DeWitt

    1989-01-01

    The American Psychological Association (APA) contracted with a major insurance company to implement an experimental peer review program between 1982 and 1986. One hundred fifty mental health treatment reports (MHTRs) and 72 corresponding peer reviews were analyzed to determine criteria for review and review outcome. Longer, more intensive treatments were reviewed more often, and shorter treatments were reviewed more positively.

  6. Peer Review of Psychodynamic PsychotherapyExperimental Studies of the American Psychological Association\\/ CHAMPUS Program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lawrence H. Cohen; Diane Pizzirusso

    1982-01-01

    Two factorial experiments examined the effects of reviewer theoretical orientation, documented treatment progress, and patient concurrence data on the peer review of clinical treatment reports that described long-term psychodynamic psychotherapi with a depressed, female outpatient. The experiments employed an unobtrusive methodology; peer reviewers believed that their evaluations would affect the disposition of actual mental health insurance claims. Subjects (n =

  7. Blog Comments vs. Peer Review: Which Way Makes a Book Better?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Jeffrey R.

    2008-01-01

    What if scholarly books were peer reviewed by anonymous blog comments rather than by traditional, selected peer reviewers? This is the question posed by an unusual experiment that was started recently by Noah Wardrip-Fruin, an an assistant professor of communication at the University of California at San Diego. His experiment was started after his…

  8. A Peer Review Training Workshop: Coaching Students to Give and Evaluate Peer Feedback

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lam, Ricky

    2010-01-01

    Trained peer review, as illustrated in a plethora of peer review or peer response scholarship, has a positive effect on students' writing in general and on improved revision quality in particular (Berg, 1999; Hu, 2005; Min, 2006; Paulus, 1999; Stanley, 1992). From these studies, it is evident that trained peer feedback does have a significant role…

  9. ForPeerReview Neck Muscle Paths and Moment Arms are Significantly

    E-print Network

    Krishnamoorthy, Bala

    ForPeerReview Only Neck Muscle Paths and Moment Arms are Significantly Affected by Wrapping Surface, Bioengineering Keywords: neck muscles, moment arms, wrapping surface, muscle path URL: http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/gcmb Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering #12;ForPeerReview Only Neck Muscle Paths

  10. Independent Research Projects in General Chemistry Classes as an Introduction to Peer-Reviewed Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tribe, Lorena; Cooper, Evan L.

    2008-01-01

    A well-structured independent literature research project with a poster session was used to introduce students to peer-reviewed literature in a general chemistry course. Overall, students reported an enhanced appreciation of the course due to performing research at some level, using peer-reviewed literature, and presenting their results in a…

  11. Engineering Peer Review June 5-7, 2001 1 FUSION IGNITION

    E-print Network

    5 · Double wall construction integrates cooling and shielding · supports active and passive DETAIL 2 sets of MgO insulated cables are located between the VV walls #12;Engineering Peer Review June 5;Engineering Peer Review June 5-7, 2001 17 FIRE device thermal enclosure and interface detail Polyurethane foam

  12. Independent External Peer Review Report Rough River Dam 18 August 2011 ii

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    #12;Independent External Peer Review Report ­ Rough River Dam 18 August 2011 ii This page intentionally blank. #12;Independent External Peer Review Report ­ Rough River Dam 18 August 2011 iii Table Panel Members B-1 Appendix C ­ Charge for IEPR Panel C-1 List of Figures Figure 1. Rough River Dam 4

  13. Bound by Tradition? Peer Review and New Scholarship: An Institutional Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Barbara Jo; Cruz, Laura; Ellern, Jill; Ford, George; Moss, Hollye

    2012-01-01

    Peer review is by no means a routine process for traditional, or basic, research. Even so, peer review is even less routinized for other forms of scholarship. In 1990, Ernest Boyer called for a reconsideration of scholarship and extended the definition to be inclusive of non-traditional modes of scholarly production and delivery. However, peer…

  14. Academic Excellence: A Commentary and Reflections on the Inherent Value of Peer Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Thomas J.; Shambrook, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    Academic peer review is widely viewed as fair, equitable, and essential to academic quality. Successfully completing the process through publication or award is widely deemed as one of the most rigorous and prestigious forms of scholarly accomplishment. Despite this sentiment the academic peer review process is not without fault. It is criticized…

  15. Peer Review of Doctoral Dissertations as a Quality Control Mechanism: Some Methods and Examples.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Bruce

    The use of peer review as a way to improve dissertation quality is addressed. A data set involving ratings of 52 dissertations illustrates possible design and analytic choices that may be helpful in using a peer review model. Strategies for evaluating rating consistency and validity are covered, along with analysis of four types of program policy…

  16. Face-to-Face and Computer-Mediated Peer Review in EFL Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ho, Mei-ching; Savignon, Sandra J.

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines the use of face-to-face peer review (FFPR) and computer-mediated peer review (CMPR) in an Asian English-as-a-foreign-language (EFL) academic writing context. The participants were 33 English majors from a university of science and technology in Taiwan, a new type of school offering 2-year associate degree programs in foreign…

  17. Working in Triads: A Case Study of a Peer Review Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grainger, Peter; Bridgstock, Martin; Houston, Todd; Drew, Steve

    2015-01-01

    Peer review of teaching has become an accepted educational procedure in Australia to quality assure the quality of teaching practices. The institutional implementation of the peer review process can be viewed as genuine desire to improve teaching quality or an imposition from above as a measure of accountability and performativity. One approach is…

  18. Applying Peer Reviews in Software Engineering Education: An Experiment and Lessons Learned

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vahid Garousi

    2010-01-01

    Based on the demonstrated value of peer reviews in the engineering industry, numerous industry experts have listed it at the top of the list of desirable development practices. Experience has shown that problems (defects) are eliminated earlier if a development process incorporates peer reviews and that these reviews are as effective as or even more effective than testing. It is

  19. Peer Feedback in Anonymous Peer Review in an EFL Writing Class in Spain

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coté, Robert A.

    2014-01-01

    The present study reports the results of a process of peer feedback through anonymous peer review in an EFL writing class. Numerous studies have reported on the benefits of peer review (PR) in the ESL/EFL writing classroom. However, the literature also identifies social issues that can negatively affect the outcome of face-to-face PR. In this…

  20. IFRF Combustion Journal Article Number 200303, July 2003

    E-print Network

    Columbia University

    IFRF Combustion Journal Article Number 200303, July 2003 ISSN 1562-479X Waste Incineration European-mail: klaus.goerner@uni-essen.den URL: http://www.luat.uni-essen.de #12;IFRF Combustion Journal - 2 - Goerner the lower calorific value of normal municipal waste increased with the consequence of increasing combustion

  1. Developing a Conceptual Article for Publication in Counseling Journals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watts, Richard E.

    2011-01-01

    This article seeks to help authors better understand the purpose, process, and procedures for developing a conceptual manuscript for publication in counseling journals. The author explains the basis of a conceptual article, discusses how authors may generate ideas for writing such articles, and describes a process for developing a conceptual…

  2. Exploring Peer Review in the Computer Science Classroom

    E-print Network

    Turner, Scott

    2009-01-01

    In computer science, students could benefit from more opportunities to learn important, high-level concepts and to improve their learning skills. Peer review is one method to encourage this by providing students with the opportunity to evaluate other people's work and to receive feedback on their own projects. This allows for rich learning experience but it is not immediately obvious how to create a programming project review that will improve the students' conceptual understanding, require higher level thinking, and be engaging. The current literature does not typically address differences between review implementations or provide reasons for design decisions. This work explored how two different types of reviews affected the students' learning of concepts, high-level thinking, and engagement. There were indications that the type of review affected how well students addressed the concept they were reviewing and the comments' length. This shows that the review's type may affect student engagement and conceptu...

  3. Selection of research fellowship recipients by committee peer review. Reliability, fairness and predictive validity of Board of Trustees' decisions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lutz Bornmann; Hans-dieter Daniel

    2005-01-01

    Summary In science, peer review is the best-established method of assessing manuscripts for publication and applications for research fellowships and grants. However, the fairness of peer review, its reliability and whether it achieves its aim to select the best science and scientists has often been questioned. The paper presents the first comprehensive study on committee peer review for the selection

  4. Comments of the Independent Peer-Review Team for the Draft Interim Regional Supplement to the Corps of Engineers Wetland

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Comments of the Independent Peer-Review Team for the Draft Interim Regional Supplement to the Corps individual reports were submitted by the four members of the Independent Peer-Review Team for the draft the Corps, as well as from other agencies. #12;Peer Review Team Report Page 2 Wetland Delineation Manual

  5. ACORN-SAT guidance document Report 1 for the Independent Peer Review of the ACORN-SAT data-set

    E-print Network

    Greenslade, Diana

    -SAT) data-set. Our intent is to publish this new analysis in the scientific peer- review literature, in November 2010, directed that an Independent Peer Review of the data-set and related measurement, curationACORN-SAT guidance document Report 1 for the Independent Peer Review of the ACORN-SAT data-set #12

  6. Statistical Reviewers Improve Reporting in Biomedical Articles: A Randomized Trial

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erik Cobo; Albert Selva-O'Callagham; Josep-Maria Ribera; Francesc Cardellach; Ruth Dominguez; Miquel Vilardell

    2007-01-01

    Background. Although peer review is widely considered to be the most credible way of selecting manuscripts and improving the quality of accepted papers in scientific journals, there is little evidence to support its use. Our aim was to estimate the effects on manuscript quality of either adding a statistical peer reviewer or suggesting the use of checklists such as CONSORT

  7. Statistical Reviewers Improve Reporting in Biomedical Articles: A Randomized Trial

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erik Cobo; Albert Selva-O'Callagham; Josep-Maria Ribera; Francesc Cardellach; Ruth Dominguez; Miquel Vilardell; Roberta Scherer

    2007-01-01

    BackgroundAlthough peer review is widely considered to be the most credible way of selecting manuscripts and improving the quality of accepted papers in scientific journals, there is little evidence to support its use. Our aim was to estimate the effects on manuscript quality of either adding a statistical peer reviewer or suggesting the use of checklists such as CONSORT or

  8. NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE | VOL 3 | JUNE 2013 | www.nature.com/natureclimatechange 525 Beginning this month, this journal (along

    E-print Network

    Cai, Long

    Beginning this month, this journal (along with our sister journal Nature Geoscience) is going to trial with the single-blind peer review process currently used by the Nature family of journals, including Nature

  9. Build infrastructure in publishing scientific journals to benefit medical scientists

    PubMed Central

    Dai, Ni; Xu, Dingyao; Zhong, Xiyao; Li, Li; Ling, Qibo

    2014-01-01

    There is urgent need for medical journals to optimize their publishing processes and strategies to satisfy the huge need for medical scientists to publish their articles, and then obtain better prestige and impact in scientific and research community. These strategies include optimizing the process of peer-review, utilizing open-access publishing models actively, finding ways of saving costs and getting revenue, smartly dealing with research fraud or misconduct, maintaining sound relationship with pharmaceutical companies, and managing to provide relevant and useful information for clinical practitioners and researchers. Scientists, publishers, societies and organizations need to work together to publish internationally renowned medical journals. PMID:24653634

  10. WELDING RESEARCH ~----------------------~--~ SUPPLEMENT TO THE WELDING JOURNAL. FEBRUARY 1990

    E-print Network

    Eagar, Thomas W.

    J ) WELDING RESEARCH ~----------------------~--~ SUPPLEMENT TO THE WELDING JOURNAL. FEBRUARY 1990 Sponsored by the American Welding Society and the Welding Research Council All papers published in the Welding Journal's Welding Research Supplement undergo Peer Review before publication for: I) originality

  11. Justice Policy Journal

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Macallair, Daniel

    A publication of the Center on Juvenile & Criminal Justice, the Justice Policy Journal is an â??international forum for researchers and policymakers to examine current justice issues and promote innovative policy solutions in a Web-based format that maintains the standards of an academic publication.â?ť Every peer-reviewed article is available for free, and by clicking on the Archives link, visitors can access all articles published in the journal since the first volume from August 2001. Topics range from the rehabilitation of juvenile offenders through technology literacy programs, to the psychological aspects of living as an ex-convict, to police entrapment. This trusted resource would be very helpful to students planning a career in criminal justice and for educators to keep abreast of current criminal justice issues and research.

  12. Journal of Online Behavior

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Walther, Joseph B.

    The Journal of Online Behavior (JOB) "is concerned with the empirical study of human behavior in the online environment, and with the impact of evolving communication and information technology upon individuals, groups, organizations, and society." The peer-reviewed articles cross science and social science disciplinary boundaries as well as geographical boundaries. The electronic version of the journal, which is available free of charge, includes an interactive discussion space. Some topics addressed in the articles and research reports include comparative media effects on communication processes and outcomes; social-cognitive dynamics and their effects presented by online interaction; temporal and longitudinal analyses of media influences and adaptation; and media usage and effects by and among ethnic and cultural groups.

  13. Qualified Dublin Core metadata for online journal articles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Timothy W. Cole

    2002-01-01

    This paper describes an implementation utilizing preliminary Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (DCMI) guidelines for expressing Qualified Dublin Core (DCQ) metadata in RDF\\/XML. Primary source objects used in this research were online versions of articles published in more than 50 academic journals in physics and engineering. Articles were encoded in well-formed XML. While able to follow DCMI guidelines generally, it was

  14. Reading and Abstracting Journal Articles in Sedimentology and Stratigraphy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conrad, Susan Howes

    1991-01-01

    An assignment centered on reading journal articles and writing abstracts is an effective way to improve student reading and writing skills in sedimentology and stratigraphy laboratories. Each student reads two articles and writes informative abstracts from the author's point of view. (PR)

  15. This is an Accepted Article that has been peer-reviewed and approved for publication in the Journal of Neuroendocrinology, but has yet to undergo copy-editing and proof correction. Please cite this article as

    E-print Network

    Champagne, Frances A.

    levels of maternal care. Newborn rodent pups, like human infants, need to be fed, kept warm in this form of maternal care. Though one might suggest that this transmission of maternal care over birth, lactating and forming an attachment with the newborn. In order for estrogen to alter levels

  16. International Breastfeeding Journal: Introducing a new journal

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lisa H Amir

    2006-01-01

    International Breastfeeding Journal is a new open access peer-reviewed journal with a multidisciplinary focus. The aim of International Breastfeeding Journal is to contribute to understanding all aspects of breastfeeding. Breastfeeding is recognized as an important public health issue with enormous social and economic implications. In order to help women breastfeed successfully there is a need to understand both the physiology

  17. 1. Flow of research activity and information research 2. What are journal articles?

    E-print Network

    Banbara, Mutsunori

    1. Flow of research activity and information research 2. What are journal articles? 3. Keywords & databases --difference between book and journal article-- 4. Let's find articles in article databases 5. How to access article databases --through Kobe university library's web site-- 6. Core article databases

  18. 42 CFR 52h.3 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS AND RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT PROJECTS § 52h.3 Establishment and operation of...

  19. 42 CFR 52h.3 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS AND RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT PROJECTS § 52h.3 Establishment and operation of...

  20. 42 CFR 52h.3 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS AND RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT PROJECTS § 52h.3 Establishment and operation of...

  1. 42 CFR 52h.3 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS AND RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT PROJECTS § 52h.3 Establishment and operation of...

  2. 42 CFR 52h.3 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS AND RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT PROJECTS § 52h.3 Establishment and operation of...

  3. SUMMARY REPORT OF THE PEER REVIEW WORKSHOP ON THE NEUROTOXICITY OF TETRACHLOROETHYLENE (PERCHLOROETHYLENE) DISCUSSION PAPER

    EPA Science Inventory

    The report, Summary Report of the Peer Review Workshop on the Neurotoxicity of Tetrachloroethylene (Perchloroethylene) Discussion , summarizes the discussions at a February 25, 2004, workshop that brought together recognized scientific experts to engage in a public discussi...

  4. Revised Final Independent External Peer Review Report for the East Branch Dam, Clarion River,

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Revised Final Independent External Peer Review Report for the East Branch Dam, Clarion River, Elk County, Pennsylvania: Dam Safety Modification Report Prepared by Battelle Memorial Institute Prepared Report East Branch Dam, Clarion River, Elk County, Pennsylvania: Dam Safety Modification Report

  5. 34 CFR 359.30 - How is peer review conducted under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION RESEARCH: SPECIAL PROJECTS AND DEMONSTRATIONS FOR SPINAL CORD INJURIES How Does the Secretary Make a Grant? § 359.30 How is peer review conducted under this...

  6. 34 CFR 359.30 - How is peer review conducted under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION RESEARCH: SPECIAL PROJECTS AND DEMONSTRATIONS FOR SPINAL CORD INJURIES How Does the Secretary Make a Grant? § 359.30 How is peer review conducted under this...

  7. 34 CFR 359.30 - How is peer review conducted under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION RESEARCH: SPECIAL PROJECTS AND DEMONSTRATIONS FOR SPINAL CORD INJURIES How Does the Secretary Make a Grant? § 359.30 How is peer review conducted under this...

  8. 34 CFR 359.30 - How is peer review conducted under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION RESEARCH: SPECIAL PROJECTS AND DEMONSTRATIONS FOR SPINAL CORD INJURIES How Does the Secretary Make a Grant? § 359.30 How is peer review conducted under this...

  9. 34 CFR 359.30 - How is peer review conducted under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION RESEARCH: SPECIAL PROJECTS AND DEMONSTRATIONS FOR SPINAL CORD INJURIES How Does the Secretary Make a Grant? § 359.30 How is peer review conducted under this...

  10. ForPeerReview From vegetable oils to polyurethanes: synthetic routes to

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    ForPeerReview Only From vegetable oils to polyurethanes: synthetic routes to polyols and main Auvergne, Remi; ICGM CAILLOL, Sylvain; ICGM, IAM Boutevin, Bernard; ICGM Keywords: vegetable oils, biobased polyols, polyurethanes, epoxidized vegetable oils, commercial polyols URL: http

  11. 34 CFR 350.52 - What is the composition of a peer review panel?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...EDUCATION DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION RESEARCH PROJECTS AND CENTERS PROGRAM How Does...selects as members of a peer review panel scientists and other experts in rehabilitation...those activities; and (iii) The quality of those activities. (3) The...

  12. LIFETIME PUBLICATIONS (GREEN UNDERGRADUATES; RED = GRADUATE STUDENTS; Blue = PDFS) PEER REVIEWED

    E-print Network

    Hitchcock, Adam P.

    LIFETIME PUBLICATIONS (GREEN ­ UNDERGRADUATES; RED = GRADUATE STUDENTS; Blue = PDFS) PEER REVIEWED. The Methods in Molecular Biology series by Humana Press. 2007, Submitted. 10. F David B. Thompson, Amanda S

  13. 7 CFR 3415.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.10...

  14. 7 CFR 3415.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.10...

  15. 7 CFR 3415.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.10...

  16. 7 CFR 3415.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications § 3415.10...

  17. 77 FR 19126 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: New Threshold for Peer Reviews of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-30

    ...noncompetitive contract peer reviews. DATES: Effective Date: April 30, 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Manuel Quinones, telephone 571- 372-6088. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background This final rule reduces the threshold for DoD...

  18. References that anyone can edit: review of Wikipedia citations in peer reviewed health science literature

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Objectives To examine indexed health science journals to evaluate the prevalence of Wikipedia citations, identify the journals that publish articles with Wikipedia citations, and determine how Wikipedia is being cited. Design Bibliometric analysis. Study selection Publications in the English language that included citations to Wikipedia were retrieved using the online databases Scopus and Web of Science. Data sources To identify health science journals, results were refined using Ulrich’s database, selecting for citations from journals indexed in Medline, PubMed, or Embase. Using Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Reports, 2011 impact factors were collected for all journals included in the search. Data extraction Resulting citations were thematically coded, and descriptive statistics were calculated. Results 1433 full text articles from 1008 journals indexed in Medline, PubMed, or Embase with 2049 Wikipedia citations were accessed. The frequency of Wikipedia citations has increased over time; most citations occurred after December 2010. More than half of the citations were coded as definitions (n=648; 31.6%) or descriptions (n=482; 23.5%). Citations were not limited to journals with a low or no impact factor; the search found Wikipedia citations in many journals with high impact factors. Conclusions Many publications are citing information from a tertiary source that can be edited by anyone, although permanent, evidence based sources are available. We encourage journal editors and reviewers to use caution when publishing articles that cite Wikipedia. PMID:24603564

  19. Conversion rates of abstracts presented at the Urological Society of Australia and New Zealand (USANZ) Annual Scientific Meeting into full-text journal articles.

    PubMed

    Yoon, Peter D; Chalasani, Venu; Woo, Henry H

    2012-08-01

    What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? It is well known that the transition of a presented abstract in a scientific meeting to a journal article improves the quality of the meeting and prevents an abstract being incorporated into meta-analyses or practice guidelines without proper appraisal. This is the first analysis of USANZ Annual Scientific Meeting abstracts' conversion to full publication. With relatively low publication rates compared to other international meetings, this review identifies the need for mechanisms to encourage USANZ researchers to convert their abstracts into published articles. The numbers and characteristics of the abstracts presented at the Annual Scientific Meetings (ASM) of the Urological Society of Australia and New Zealand (USANZ) that are converted to peer-reviewed publications have not previously been analysed and published. We undertook a review of all abstracts presented at the USANZ ASM from 2005 to 2009. A PubMed search was performed between 15 June and 15 July 2012, using a search algorithm to identify the full-text publications of the presented abstracts. Correlation between abstract characteristics and publication rate was then examined to distinguish the predictors for publications. Of 614 abstracts that were presented at USANZ ASM between 2005 and 2009, 183 papers were published, giving a publication rate of 29.80%. The papers were predominantly published in urological journals and were more likely to be published if they were presented by an international author or were retrospective studies or if basic science research. The mean (SD) time to publication was 14.46 (13.89) months and the mean Impact Factor of journals where papers were published was 2.90. The overall publication rate was relatively low compared with other urological meetings held in America and Europe. USANZ has a challenge of encouraging higher-quality research from the authors to further enhance its publication rate and consequently the calibre of the meeting itself. PMID:22300438

  20. Grant Peer Review: Improving Inter-Rater Reliability with Training.

    PubMed

    Sattler, David N; McKnight, Patrick E; Naney, Linda; Mathis, Randy

    2015-01-01

    This study developed and evaluated a brief training program for grant reviewers that aimed to increase inter-rater reliability, rating scale knowledge, and effort to read the grant review criteria. Enhancing reviewer training may improve the reliability and accuracy of research grant proposal scoring and funding recommendations. Seventy-five Public Health professors from U.S. research universities watched the training video we produced and assigned scores to the National Institutes of Health scoring criteria proposal summary descriptions. For both novice and experienced reviewers, the training video increased scoring accuracy (the percentage of scores that reflect the true rating scale values), inter-rater reliability, and the amount of time reading the review criteria compared to the no video condition. The increase in reliability for experienced reviewers is notable because it is commonly assumed that reviewers-especially those with experience-have good understanding of the grant review rating scale. The findings suggest that both experienced and novice reviewers who had not received the type of training developed in this study may not have appropriate understanding of the definitions and meaning for each value of the rating scale and that experienced reviewers may overestimate their knowledge of the rating scale. The results underscore the benefits of and need for specialized peer reviewer training. PMID:26075884

  1. Grant Peer Review: Improving Inter-Rater Reliability with Training

    PubMed Central

    Sattler, David N.; McKnight, Patrick E.; Naney, Linda; Mathis, Randy

    2015-01-01

    This study developed and evaluated a brief training program for grant reviewers that aimed to increase inter-rater reliability, rating scale knowledge, and effort to read the grant review criteria. Enhancing reviewer training may improve the reliability and accuracy of research grant proposal scoring and funding recommendations. Seventy-five Public Health professors from U.S. research universities watched the training video we produced and assigned scores to the National Institutes of Health scoring criteria proposal summary descriptions. For both novice and experienced reviewers, the training video increased scoring accuracy (the percentage of scores that reflect the true rating scale values), inter-rater reliability, and the amount of time reading the review criteria compared to the no video condition. The increase in reliability for experienced reviewers is notable because it is commonly assumed that reviewers—especially those with experience—have good understanding of the grant review rating scale. The findings suggest that both experienced and novice reviewers who had not received the type of training developed in this study may not have appropriate understanding of the definitions and meaning for each value of the rating scale and that experienced reviewers may overestimate their knowledge of the rating scale. The results underscore the benefits of and need for specialized peer reviewer training. PMID:26075884

  2. Thermophysical properties of uranium dioxide - Version 0 for peer review

    SciTech Connect

    Fink, J.K.; Petri, M.C.

    1997-02-01

    Data on thermophysical properties of solid and liquid UO{sub 2} have been reviewed and critically assessed to obtain consistent thermophysical property recommendations for inclusion in the International Nuclear Safety Center Database on the World Wide Web (http://www.insc.anl.gov.). Thermodynamic properties that have been assessed are enthalpy, heat capacity, melting point, enthalpy of fusion, thermal expansion, density, surface tension, and vapor pressure. Transport properties that have been assessed are thermal conductivity, thermal diffusivity, viscosity, and emissivity. Summaries of the recommendations with uncertainties and detailed assessments for each property are included in this report and in the International Nuclear Safety Center Database for peer review. The assessments includes a review of the experiments and data, an examination of previous recommendations, the basis for selecting recommendations, a determination of uncertainties, and a comparison of recommendations with data and with previous recommendations. New data and research that have led to new recommendations include thermal expansion and density measurements of solid and liquid UO{sub 2}, derivation of physically-based equations for the thermal conductivity of solid UO{sub 2}, measurements of the heat capacity of liquid UO{sub 2}, and measurements and analysis of the thermal conductivity of liquid UO{sub 2}.

  3. Peer review and over-competitive research funding fostering mainstream opinion to monopoly

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hui Fang

    2011-01-01

    The aim of peer review is to separate the wheat from the chaff for publication and research funding. In the excessive competition,\\u000a this mechanism would only select the wheat of mainstream. Up to now, almost all discussions on the consequence of the short-comings\\u000a of peer review are limited to qualitatively description. I propose a model of “peer-group-assessed-grant-based-funding-system”\\u000a combined with tenure

  4. Two facets of peer review and the proper role of study sections.

    PubMed

    Lenard, John

    2006-01-01

    The current National Institutes of Health study section system is under increasing criticism due to tight budgets and decreased levels of perceived competence. There is also an overemphasis on written critiques from the study section by unsuccessful applicants. It is argued that this arises from confusion between two different purposes of peer review. A system of universal participation in peer review by senior funded investigators is proposed to ameliorate these problems. PMID:17124762

  5. Data bank has operational impact. Proper peer review can protect hospitals from antitrust and defamation suits.

    PubMed

    Purtell, D L

    1990-11-01

    The Health Care Quality Improvement Act of 1986 can help protect medical professionals and healthcare facilities from antitrust and defamation claims and other forms of litigation arising from the peer review process. Some hospitals may need to make major changes in their peer review activity as a result of the act. The healthcare entity, not the physicians involved in peer review, has the burden of complying with the provisions of the act. Failure to comply with the act can lead to loss of immunity from damages, fines, and potential exclusion from the Medicare program. The potential for liability has sparked a need for hospitals to reexamine and possibly reorganize medical staff and update procedures and related governing documents. Healthcare entities may consider changes such as implementing a director of medical affairs function, choosing medical staff for multiple-year terms, and centralizing physician review files. In the 1980s many hospitals created quality assurance and risk management programs. Risk managers need to share data with quality assurance personnel, who must in turn share the information with medical staff involved with credentialing, peer review, and medical affairs management. Legal counsel will need to be familiar with the legalities of the act, as well as the hospital's peer review procedures and operations. General legal counsel should oversee coordination of hospital proceedings and assist in educating staff on the legalities of peer review. PMID:10107457

  6. Head of Human Genome Project Retracts 5 Journal Articles.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haworth, Karla

    1996-01-01

    Five published leukemia studies have been retracted by the director of the Human Genome Project because they were based on falsified data from a graduate student, although some of the conclusions are still supported. Inconsistencies were discovered by a peer reviewer and were also found in the student's other work. (MSE)

  7. PEER REVIEW COMMENTS AND EPA'S RESPONSE FOR THE PROPOSED INDICATORS FOR THE U.S. EPA'S 2007 REPORT ON THE ENVIRONMENT: TECHNICAL DOCUMENT (EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The purpose of this site is to present the External Peer Review comments and EPA's responses, as well as to display the revised indicators that will be incorporated into EPA's 2007 Report on the Environment: Technical Document. Initially, proposed indicators and then a...

  8. Peer Review of NRC Standardized Plant Analysis Risk Models

    SciTech Connect

    Anthony Koonce; James Knudsen; Robert Buell

    2011-03-01

    The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Standardized Plant Analysis Risk (SPAR) Models underwent a Peer Review using ASME PRA standard (Addendum C) as endorsed by NRC in Regulatory Guide (RG) 1.200. The review was performed by a mix of industry probabilistic risk analysis (PRA) experts and NRC PRA experts. Representative SPAR models, one PWR and one BWR, were reviewed against Capability Category I of the ASME PRA standard. Capability Category I was selected as the basis for review due to the specific uses/applications of the SPAR models. The BWR SPAR model was reviewed against 331 ASME PRA Standard Supporting Requirements; however, based on the Capability Category I level of review and the absence of internal flooding and containment performance (LERF) logic only 216 requirements were determined to be applicable. Based on the review, the BWR SPAR model met 139 of the 216 supporting requirements. The review also generated 200 findings or suggestions. Of these 200 findings and suggestions 142 were findings and 58 were suggestions. The PWR SPAR model was also evaluated against the same 331 ASME PRA Standard Supporting Requirements. Of these requirements only 215 were deemed appropriate for the review (for the same reason as noted for the BWR). The PWR review determined that 125 of the 215 supporting requirements met Capability Category I or greater. The review identified 101 findings or suggestions (76 findings and 25 suggestions). These findings or suggestions were developed to identify areas where SPAR models could be enhanced. A process to prioritize and incorporate the findings/suggestions supporting requirements into the SPAR models is being developed. The prioritization process focuses on those findings that will enhance the accuracy, completeness and usability of the SPAR models.

  9. Excess Success for Psychology Articles in the Journal Science

    PubMed Central

    Francis, Gregory; Tanzman, Jay; Matthews, William J.

    2014-01-01

    This article describes a systematic analysis of the relationship between empirical data and theoretical conclusions for a set of experimental psychology articles published in the journal Science between 2005–2012. When the success rate of a set of empirical studies is much higher than would be expected relative to the experiments' reported effects and sample sizes, it suggests that null findings have been suppressed, that the experiments or analyses were inappropriate, or that the theory does not properly follow from the data. The analyses herein indicate such excess success for 83% (15 out of 18) of the articles in Science that report four or more studies and contain sufficient information for the analysis. This result suggests a systematic pattern of excess success among psychology articles in the journal Science. PMID:25474317

  10. Digital Journal of Ophthalmology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-01-01

    The Digital Journal of Ophthalmology (DJO) is a peer reviewed journal based at Harvard University designed to serve as "a valuable resource for ophthalmologists, other health care providers, vision scientists, and patients throughout the world." On the site's homepage, visitor can look over Grand Rounds, Original Articles, and Case Reports. The Grand Rounds area brings together reports from the world of ophthalmology, which can be most useful to those in the field. The site also contains a range of editorials, and visitors are encouraged to register with the DJO to receive personalized updates. The Knowledge Review section provides a series of quizzes for ophthalmologists on relevant topics such as glaucoma or pathology. Finally, the Patient Information area contains materials for laypeople on topics such as laser vision correction.

  11. In defence of academic freedom: bioethics journals under siege.

    PubMed

    Schüklenk, Udo

    2013-05-01

    This article analyses, from a bioethics journal editor's perspective, the threats to academic freedom and freedom of expression that academic bioethicists and academic bioethics journals are subjected to by political activists applying pressure from outside of the academy. I defend bioethicists' academic freedom to reach and defend conclusions many find offensive and 'wrong'. However, I also support the view that academics arguing controversial matters such as, for instance, the moral legitimacy of infanticide should take clear responsibility for the views they defend and should not try to hide behind analytical philosophers' rationales such as wanting to test an argument for the sake of testing an argument. This article proposes that bioethics journals establish higher-quality requirements and more stringent mechanisms of peer review than usual for iconoclastic articles. PMID:23637435

  12. American Journal of Primatology 73:18 (2011) RESEARCH ARTICLE

    E-print Network

    Rothman, Jessica M.

    2011-01-01

    American Journal of Primatology 73:1­8 (2011) RESEARCH ARTICLE Protozoan Parasites in Group [1979] showed that all individuals within a given group harbored identical gastrointestinal protozoan island hypothesis by quantifying the protozoan faunas of the same primate species examined by Freeland

  13. American Journal of Primatology 67: 447461 (2005) RESEARCH ARTICLE

    E-print Network

    Fedigan, Linda M.

    2005-01-01

    American Journal of Primatology 67: 447­461 (2005) RESEARCH ARTICLE Color Vision Polymorphism); Contract grant number: 15-11926; 16405015; Contract grant sponsor: Cooperation Research Program, Primate: Leakey Foundation; Contract grant sponsor: North of England Zoological Society; Contract grant sponsor

  14. JOURNAL OF CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY 205:19 (2005) REVIEW ARTICLES

    E-print Network

    Bresnick, Emery H.

    2005-01-01

    JOURNAL OF CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY 205:1­9 (2005) REVIEW ARTICLES Developmental Control via GATA Factor emerging studies on how interplay among members of the GATA family of transcription factors establishes and regulates chromatin domains. Dissecting mechanisms underlying the function of hematopoietic GATA factors has

  15. Quantitative Articles: Developing Studies for Publication in Counseling Journals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trusty, Jerry

    2011-01-01

    This article is presented as a guide for developing quantitative studies and preparing quantitative manuscripts for publication in counseling journals. It is intended as an aid for aspiring authors in conceptualizing studies and formulating valid research designs. Material is presented on choosing variables and measures and on selecting…

  16. E-prints and Journal Articles in Astronomy: a Productive Co-existence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edwin A. Henneken; Michael J. Kurtz; Simeon Warner; Paul Ginsparg; Guenther Eichhorn; Alberto Accomazzi; Carolyn Stern-grant; Donna M. Thompson; Elizabeth Bohlen; Stephen S. Murray

    2007-01-01

    Are the e-prints (electronic preprints) from the arXiv repository being used instead of the journal articles? In this paper we show that the e-prints have not undermined the usage of journal papers in the astrophysics community. As soon as the journal article is published, the astronomical community prefers to read the journal article and the use of e-prints through the

  17. Discussion of Comments from a Peer Review of A Technique for Human Event Anlysis (ATHEANA)

    SciTech Connect

    Bley, D.C.; Cooper, S.E.; Forester, J.A.; Kolaczkowski, A.M.; Ramey-Smith, A,; Wreathall J.

    1999-01-28

    In May of 1998, a technical basis and implementation guidelines document for A Technique for Human Event Analysis (ATHEANA) was issued as a draft report for public comment (NUREG-1624). In conjunction with the release of draft NUREG- 1624, a peer review of the new human reliability analysis method its documentation and the results of an initial test of the method was held over a two-day period in June 1998 in Seattle, Washington. Four internationally known and respected experts in HK4 or probabilistic risk assessment were selected to serve as the peer reviewers. In addition, approximately 20 other individuals with an interest in HRA and ATHEANA also attended the peer and were invited to provide comments. The peer review team was asked to comment on any aspect of the method or the report in which improvements could be made and to discuss its strengths and weaknesses. They were asked to focus on two major aspects: Are the basic premises of ATHEANA on solid ground and is the conceptual basis adequate? Is the ATHEANA implementation process adequate given the description of the intended users in the documentation? The four peer reviewers asked questions and provided oral comments during the peer review meeting and provided written comments approximately two weeks after the completion of the meeting. This paper discusses their major comments.

  18. L'article est refus. Il peut tre soumis un autre journal

    E-print Network

    Halazonetis, Thanos

    L'article est refusé. Il peut ętre soumis ŕ un autre journal (souvent moins prestigieux) LE PARCOURS D'UN ARTICLE Chaque article est lu et relu par d'autres scientifiques (les «pairs») avant d'ętre publié. Les auteurs envoient leur article, correctement formaté, ŕ un journal scientifique Un éditeur

  19. Statistical Reviewers Improve Reporting in Biomedical Articles: A Randomized Trial

    PubMed Central

    Cobo, Erik; Selva-O'Callagham, Albert; Ribera, Josep-Maria; Cardellach, Francesc; Dominguez, Ruth; Vilardell, Miquel

    2007-01-01

    Background Although peer review is widely considered to be the most credible way of selecting manuscripts and improving the quality of accepted papers in scientific journals, there is little evidence to support its use. Our aim was to estimate the effects on manuscript quality of either adding a statistical peer reviewer or suggesting the use of checklists such as CONSORT or STARD to clinical reviewers or both. Methodology and Principal Findings Interventions were defined as 1) the addition of a statistical reviewer to the clinical peer review process, and 2) suggesting reporting guidelines to reviewers; with “no statistical expert” and “no checklist” as controls. The two interventions were crossed in a 2×2 balanced factorial design including original research articles consecutively selected, between May 2004 and March 2005, by the Medicina Clinica (Barc) editorial committee. We randomized manuscripts to minimize differences in terms of baseline quality and type of study (intervention, longitudinal, cross-sectional, others). Sample-size calculations indicated that 100 papers provide an 80% power to test a 55% standardized difference. We specified the main outcome as the increment in quality of papers as measured on the Goodman Scale. Two blinded evaluators rated the quality of manuscripts at initial submission and final post peer review version. Of the 327 manuscripts submitted to the journal, 131 were accepted for further review, and 129 were randomized. Of those, 14 that were lost to follow-up showed no differences in initial quality to the followed-up papers. Hence, 115 were included in the main analysis, with 16 rejected for publication after peer review. 21 (18.3%) of the 115 included papers were interventions, 46 (40.0%) were longitudinal designs, 28 (24.3%) cross-sectional and 20 (17.4%) others. The 16 (13.9%) rejected papers had a significantly lower initial score on the overall Goodman scale than accepted papers (difference 15.0, 95% CI: 4.6–24.4). The effect of suggesting a guideline to the reviewers had no effect on change in overall quality as measured by the Goodman scale (0.9, 95% CI: ?0.3–+2.1). The estimated effect of adding a statistical reviewer was 5.5 (95% CI: 4.3–6.7), showing a significant improvement in quality. Conclusions and Significance This prospective randomized study shows the positive effect of adding a statistical reviewer to the field-expert peers in improving manuscript quality. We did not find a statistically significant positive effect by suggesting reviewers use reporting guidelines. PMID:17389922

  20. An Annotated Bibliography of Journal Articles Related to Music in the Community-Junior College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benson, Gregory V.

    The journal articles included in this bibliography of materials on music instruction in two-year colleges were identified in "Current Index to Journals in Education,""Education Index,""Music Educators Journal: Cumulative Index 1914-1987," and "Music Index." Nearly 90% of the articles discovered were available for review through the library…

  1. A Content and Methodological Review of Articles Concerning Multiracial Issues in Six Major Counseling Journals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Lisa M.; Pedrotti, Jennifer Teramoto

    2008-01-01

    This study describes a comprehensive content and methodological review of articles about multiracial issues in 6 journals related to counseling up to the year 2006. The authors summarize findings about the 18 articles that emerged from this review of the "Journal of Counseling Psychology," "Journal of Counseling & Development," "The Counseling…

  2. Search for Books and Journal Articles in Project MUSE 1. Type Search Terms

    E-print Network

    Chen, Sheng-Wei

    Search for Books and Journal Articles in Project MUSE 1 2 3 1. Type Search Terms To search for books and journal articles, type keywords, phrases (""), and Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT on one of the suggested terms to select it or continue to type your own. 2. Search for Books, Journals

  3. Evaluating Management Information Systems, A Protocol for Automated Peer Review Systems

    PubMed Central

    Black, Gordon C.

    1980-01-01

    This paper discusses key issues in evaluating an automated Peer Review System. Included are the conceptual base, design, steps in planning structural components, operation parameters, criteria, costs and a detailed outline or protocol for use in the evaluation. At the heart of the Peer Review System is the criteria utilized for measuring quality. Criteria evaluation should embrace, as a minimum, appropriateness, validity and reliability, and completemess or comprehensiveness of content. Such an evaluation is not complete without determining the impact (clinical outcome) of the service system or the patient and the population served.

  4. Peer Review of Teaching: Lessons Learned from the University of Kentucky

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Victoria Bhavsar

    The University of Kentucky Department of Agronomy instituted a system of peer review of teaching in 1996. Professors observe the teaching of their peers with the intent of helping one another improve. Reviews usually include a preliminary meeting between the instructor and two reviewers, several in-class visits, some analysis of classroom materials, and a wrap-up meeting. The peer review program now has met with cautious but general approval from participating faculty. By spring 1999, reviews were completed for 20 classes, 15 of which are considered in this analysis.

  5. JOURNAL OF NATURAL HISTORY, 2003, 125, preview article Distribution patterns of the Malagasy freshwater crabs (Crustacea

    E-print Network

    Cumberlidge, Neil

    JOURNAL OF NATURAL HISTORY, 2003, 1­25, preview article Distribution patterns of the Malagasy, Madagascar. Journal of Natural History ISSN 0022-2933 print/ISSN 1464-5262 online © 2003 Taylor & Francis Ltd

  6. Reporting a population pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic study: a journal's perspective.

    PubMed

    Jamsen, Kris M; McLeay, Sarah C; Barras, Michael A; Green, Bruce

    2014-02-01

    The key purpose of performing pharmacometric research is to aid optimization of drug dosing strategies. The statistical techniques required for this research are advanced, which can make interpretation of results difficult to convey to the target audience if they are unfamiliar with pharmacometric concepts. This article provides a basic guide for authors who wish to publish pharmacometric analyses in peer-reviewed journals. This guide is intended to enhance the readability, reproducibility and understanding of the work for a general readership, which may include clinicians, pharmacists and pharmacometricians. Presentation techniques and examples are offered, as well as a checklist of suggested contents for the manuscript. PMID:24327237

  7. Anthony Joern Publications (all peer reviewed) Edited Books

    E-print Network

    Kaufman, Glennis A.

    and patterns of mating success in managed American plains bison (Bison bison bison). Journal of Heredity 104. 2013. Blazing and grazing: influences of fire and bison on tallgrass prairie stream water quality for the performance of bison in tallgrass prairie. Global Change Biology 15: 772- 779. Behmer, S. and A. Joern. 2008

  8. ForPeerReview Differentially activated macrophages orchestrate myogenic

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    human skeletal muscle regeneration Journal: Stem Cells Manuscript ID: SC-12-0535.R2 Manuscript Type stem cells, Myeloid cells, Myogenesis, Adult stem cells, Cell interactions, Skeletal muscle Scholar myogenic precursor cell fate during human skeletal muscle regeneration Marielle Saclier1,2,3,10 , Houda

  9. Linking to journal articles in an online teaching environment: The persistent link, DOI, and OpenURL

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marc Langston; James Tyler

    2004-01-01

    The growing availability of online journal literature and the license agreements that make such literature useable in an academic environment present educators opportunities for using journal articles in online teaching. The use of online journal articles avoids logistical challenges associated with the use of printed copies of journal articles, particularly when assembling course packs. Technological developments have improved the reliability

  10. To Give Is Better Than to Receive: The Benefits of Peer Review to the Reviewer's Own Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lundstrom, Kristi; Baker, Wendy

    2009-01-01

    Although peer review has been shown to be beneficial in many writing classrooms, the benefits of peer review to the reviewer, or the student giving feedback, has not been thoroughly investigated in second-language writing research. The purpose of this study is to determine which is more beneficial to improving student writing: giving or receiving…

  11. Peer Review and the Dilemmas of Quality Control in Programme Accreditation in South African Higher Education: Challenges and Possibilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cross, Michael; Naidoo, Devika

    2011-01-01

    The paper scrutinises the dynamics and the nature of peer review in the programme evaluation and accreditation process within the context of diverse individual and institutional legacies in South Africa. It analyses the peer review process and highlights the contestation at political, policy and epistemological levels. The paper argues that,…

  12. Peer Portal: Quality Enhancement in Thesis Writing Using Self-Managed Peer Review on a Mass Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aghaee, Naghmeh; Hansson, Henrik

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes a specially developed online peer-review system, the Peer Portal, and the first results of its use for quality enhancement of bachelor's and master's thesis manuscripts. The peer-review system is completely student driven and therefore saves time for supervisors and creates a direct interaction between students without…

  13. Toward an interactive article: integrating journals and biological databases

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Journal articles and databases are two major modes of communication in the biological sciences, and thus integrating these critical resources is of urgent importance to increase the pace of discovery. Projects focused on bridging the gap between journals and databases have been on the rise over the last five years and have resulted in the development of automated tools that can recognize entities within a document and link those entities to a relevant database. Unfortunately, automated tools cannot resolve ambiguities that arise from one term being used to signify entities that are quite distinct from one another. Instead, resolving these ambiguities requires some manual oversight. Finding the right balance between the speed and portability of automation and the accuracy and flexibility of manual effort is a crucial goal to making text markup a successful venture. Results We have established a journal article mark-up pipeline that links GENETICS journal articles and the model organism database (MOD) WormBase. This pipeline uses a lexicon built with entities from the database as a first step. The entity markup pipeline results in links from over nine classes of objects including genes, proteins, alleles, phenotypes and anatomical terms. New entities and ambiguities are discovered and resolved by a database curator through a manual quality control (QC) step, along with help from authors via a web form that is provided to them by the journal. New entities discovered through this pipeline are immediately sent to an appropriate curator at the database. Ambiguous entities that do not automatically resolve to one link are resolved by hand ensuring an accurate link. This pipeline has been extended to other databases, namely Saccharomyces Genome Database (SGD) and FlyBase, and has been implemented in marking up a paper with links to multiple databases. Conclusions Our semi-automated pipeline hyperlinks articles published in GENETICS to model organism databases such as WormBase. Our pipeline results in interactive articles that are data rich with high accuracy. The use of a manual quality control step sets this pipeline apart from other hyperlinking tools and results in benefits to authors, journals, readers and databases. PMID:21595960

  14. Open access versus subscription journals: a comparison of scientific impact

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background In the past few years there has been an ongoing debate as to whether the proliferation of open access (OA) publishing would damage the peer review system and put the quality of scientific journal publishing at risk. Our aim was to inform this debate by comparing the scientific impact of OA journals with subscription journals, controlling for journal age, the country of the publisher, discipline and (for OA publishers) their business model. Methods The 2-year impact factors (the average number of citations to the articles in a journal) were used as a proxy for scientific impact. The Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) was used to identify OA journals as well as their business model. Journal age and discipline were obtained from the Ulrich's periodicals directory. Comparisons were performed on the journal level as well as on the article level where the results were weighted by the number of articles published in a journal. A total of 610 OA journals were compared with 7,609 subscription journals using Web of Science citation data while an overlapping set of 1,327 OA journals were compared with 11,124 subscription journals using Scopus data. Results Overall, average citation rates, both unweighted and weighted for the number of articles per journal, were about 30% higher for subscription journals. However, after controlling for discipline (medicine and health versus other), age of the journal (three time periods) and the location of the publisher (four largest publishing countries versus other countries) the differences largely disappeared in most subcategories except for journals that had been launched prior to 1996. OA journals that fund publishing with article processing charges (APCs) are on average cited more than other OA journals. In medicine and health, OA journals founded in the last 10 years are receiving about as many citations as subscription journals launched during the same period. Conclusions Our results indicate that OA journals indexed in Web of Science and/or Scopus are approaching the same scientific impact and quality as subscription journals, particularly in biomedicine and for journals funded by article processing charges. PMID:22805105

  15. E-prints and Journal Articles in Astronomy: a Productive Co-existence

    E-print Network

    Edwin A. Henneken; Michael J. Kurtz; Simeon Warner; Paul Ginsparg; Guenther Eichhorn; Alberto Accomazzi; Carolyn S. Grant; Donna Thompson; Elizabeth Bohlen; Stephen S. Murray

    2006-09-22

    Are the e-prints (electronic preprints) from the arXiv repository being used instead of the journal articles? In this paper we show that the e-prints have not undermined the usage of journal papers in the astrophysics community. As soon as the journal article is published, the astronomical community prefers to read the journal article and the use of e-prints through the NASA Astrophysics Data System drops to zero. This suggests that the majority of astronomers have access to institutional subscriptions and that they choose to read the journal article when given the choice. Within the NASA Astrophysics Data System they are given this choice, because the e-print and the journal article are treated equally, since both are just one click away. In other words, the e-prints have not undermined journal use in the astrophysics community and thus currently do not pose a financial threat to the publishers. We present readership data for the arXiv category "astro-ph" and the 4 core journals in astronomy (Astrophysical Journal, Astronomical Journal, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society and Astronomy & Astrophysics). Furthermore, we show that the half-life (the point where the use of an article drops to half the use of a newly published article) for an e-print is shorter than for a journal paper. The ADS is funded by NASA Grant NNG06GG68G. arXiv receives funding from NSF award #0404553

  16. Using Computer-Mediated Peer Review in an Engineering Design Course

    Microsoft Academic Search

    PATRICIA A. CARLSON; FREDERICK C. BERRY

    2008-01-01

    Writing, especially when accompanied by feedback and revision, is a powerful enhancer for learning, as the writing-to-learn literature attests. Yet, writing as a vehicle for learning seldom appears in engineering content courses. We relate our experiences with a pilot program in engineering design funded through the National Science Foundation. Specifically, we focus on using Calibrated Peer Review as a platform

  17. ForPeerReview Wheat canopy structure and surface roughness effects on

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    ForPeerReview Wheat canopy structure and surface roughness effects on multi-angle observations at L-band roughness effects2 on multi-angle observations at L-band3 4 Sandy Peischl, Member, IEEE, Jeffrey P. Walker at multiple incidence angles using airborne L-band data from the26 National Airborne Field Experiment (NAFE

  18. The Convergence of Digital-Libraries and the Peer-Review Process

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marko A. Rodriguez; Johan Bollen; Herbert Van De Sompel

    2005-01-01

    Pre-print repositories have seen a significant increase in use over the past fifteen years across multiple research domains. Researchers are beginning to develop applications capable of using these repositories to assist the scientific community above and beyond the pure dissemination of information. The contributions set forth by this paper emphasize a deconstructed publication model in which the peer-review process is

  19. ForPeerReview REINFORCEMENT-FREE DECKS USING A MODIFIED STRUT-

    E-print Network

    Russell, Jeffrey S.

    include highway bridges,14 reinforced-precast-prestressed concrete design and earthquake resistance.15 ACI. A required design resistance capacity for wheel loads was also defined5 considering failure caused by movingForPeerReview Only REINFORCEMENT-FREE DECKS USING A MODIFIED STRUT- AND-TIE MODEL: PART 2 ­ DESIGN

  20. MANUSCRIPT PEER REVIEW: A HELPFUL CHECKLIST FOR STUDENTS AND NOVICE REFEREES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Douglas R. Seals; Hirofumi Tanaka

    he ability to contribute consistent, fundamentally sound critiques is an essential element of the scientific peer review process and an important professional skill for investigators. Despite its importance, many students and junior scientists do not have an adequate working knowledge of how to effectively critique research manuscripts. Part of the problem, in our view, is that novice referees often lack

  1. SUMMARY OF RESPONSES FROM OTHER UNIVERSITIES1 Internal Peer Review Processes for Research Grant Applications

    E-print Network

    Sussex, University of

    are required to have a grants panel which has a remit to increase both the quantity and quality of research such as the Research Administrator, Deputy Head and grants panel Chair. 1 Via ARMA (Association of Research ManagersAnnex A SUMMARY OF RESPONSES FROM OTHER UNIVERSITIES1 Internal Peer Review Processes for Research

  2. Embedding Research in a Field-based Module through Peer Review and Assessment for Learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dawn T. Nicholson

    2011-01-01

    A case study is presented of embedding research in a final year undergraduate, field-based, physical geography module. The approach is holistic, whereby research-based learning activities simulate the full life cycle of research from inception through to peer review and publication. The learning, teaching and assessment strategy emphasizes the progressive nature of knowledge and skills acquisition, facilitated through multiple opportunities for

  3. The Future of Peer Review in the Humanities Is Wide Open

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mole, Beth

    2012-01-01

    Nobody likes the current system of peer review, and most everybody agrees it should move online. But from there, opinions diverge. As humanities editors continue to experiment with Web-based technology, two proposed online tools are highlighting disagreement over what needs fixing. Peter H. Sigal, a blue-haired associate professor of history at…

  4. A Comparative Analysis of Teacher Peer Review Programs in Four Urban Districts: Professional Unionism in Action.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Philip P.

    This paper examines the development and implementation of peer-review-based teacher evaluation programs representing the vanguard of a paradigmatic shift occurring within teachers unions. It explores how teachers and their local unions reconcile competing criteria for legitimacy within the institutions of teacher unionism and professionalism by…

  5. Power of Peer Review: An Online Collaborative Learning Assignment in Social Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cathey, Christie

    2007-01-01

    In a semester-long, peer review assignment, undergraduates enrolled in a social psychology course wrote essays that applied course concepts to life experiences. Students anonymously posted essays for the entire class to view, and peers posted commentaries on classmates' essays using an online discussion board. Students rated the assignment as…

  6. IRIS TOXICOLOGICAL REVIEW AND SUMMARY DOCUMENTS FOR POLYBROMINATED DIPHENYL ETHERS (EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The U.S. EPA conducted a peer review of the scientific basis supporting the human health hazard and dose-response assessments of four congeners of polybrominated diphenyl ethers: tetraBDE (BDE-47), pentaBDE (BDE-99), hexaBDE (BDE-153), and decaBDE (BDE-209), that will appear on ...

  7. ForPeerReview Traffic Congestion and Air Pollution Exposure for Motorists

    E-print Network

    Bertini, Robert L.

    ForPeerReview Only 1 Traffic Congestion and Air Pollution Exposure for Motorists: Comparing- related air pollution using real-world traffic data and a framework of established emissions can increase the emissions rates of air pollutants from motor vehicles, degrading urban air quality

  8. Innovative Peer Review Model for Rural Physicians: System Design and Implementation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Josie R.; Mechler, Kathy; Akins, Ralitsa B.

    2008-01-01

    Context: The peer review process in small rural hospitals is complicated by limited numbers of physicians, conflict of interest, issues related to appropriate utilization of new technology, possibility for conflicting recommendations, and need for external expertise. Purpose: The purpose of this project was to design, test, and implement a virtual…

  9. 2014 Water Power Program Peer Review: Marine and Hydrokinetic Technologies, Compiled Presentations (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2014-02-01

    This document represents a collection of all presentations given during the EERE Wind and Water Power Program's 2014 Marine and Hydrokinetic Peer Review. The purpose of the meeting was to evaluate DOE-funded hydropower and marine and hydrokinetic R&D projects for their contribution to the mission and goals of the Water Power Program and to assess progress made against stated objectives.

  10. MJG:Peer Review, 5/00 1 M. J. Gouge

    E-print Network

    D T density (g/cc) .09 .2 0.32 boiling point at 1 atm (K) 20.4 23.7 25 triple point (K) 13.8 18.7 20.6 triple point pressure (torr) 54 129 162 #12;MJG:Peer Review, 5/00 8 7323,, 7ULWLXP ([WUXGHU ([SHULPHQWV

  11. Peer Reviewed Subsidence, sea level rise, and seismicity in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta

    E-print Network

    Schladow, S. Geoffrey

    Peer Reviewed Title: Subsidence, sea level rise, and seismicity in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta Permalink: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/4k44725p Keywords: Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, subsidence water, serves as a useful measure of the regional consequences of Delta subsidence and sea level rise

  12. ForPeerReview Biogeochemical reduction processes in a hyper-alkaline

    E-print Network

    Burke, Ian

    ForPeerReview Only Biogeochemical reduction processes in a hyper-alkaline affected leachate soil processes in a hyper-alkaline affected leachate soil profile1 2 Ian T. Burke1* , Robert J.G. Mortimer1 precipitate (tufa) that is17 accumulating where highly alkaline leachate from a lime kiln waste tip

  13. Lessons from Graduate Student Instructors on the Peer Review of Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crumley, Hugh; James, Douglas

    2009-01-01

    In this qualitative study, we examined a pilot program for graduate student instructors (GSIs) in a peer review of teaching program at Duke University, a medium-sized research university. We noted key elements that participants identified from their experience that may be distinct from models of peer teaching review developed for faculty. These…

  14. Final Independent External Peer Review Report Olmsted Locks and Dam 52 and 53 Replacement

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Final Independent External Peer Review Report Olmsted Locks and Dam 52 and 53 Replacement Project Review Report Olmsted Locks and Dam 52 and 53 Replacement Project Post Authorization Change Report--0002 Task Order: 0005 #12;This page is intentionally left blank. #12;Olmsted Locks and Dam PACR IEPR i

  15. Final Independent External Peer Review Report Integrated Feasibility Study and Environmental

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Independent External Peer Review Report Integrated Feasibility Study and Environmental Impact Statement and Environmental Impact Statement for the LCA-Small Diversion at Convent/Blind River (St. James Parish, Louisiana project, an IEPR was conducted for the Integrated Feasibility Study and Environmental Impact Statement

  16. Calibrated Peer Review&trade: A Writing and Critical Thinking Instructional Tool

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Arlene A. Russell (UCLA; )

    2004-12-01

    CPR was developed on a research-based model. What do scientists and engineers do? Research begins with proposals.Scientists and engineers write research proposals and review peer proposals. Scientists and engineers do research andwrite and peer-review research manuscripts. Peer review plays a prominent role in the progress of science. Writing with anonymous peer review is thus the model for CPR. CPRis a comprehensive, web-delivered instructional tool, which not only promotes student understanding through writing but also develops student critical-thinking skills through theprocess of evaluation and reviewing. Because the program is web-delivered, computer-managed, and uses peer review,instructors can use the CPR program with any class size; students can do their assignments whereever they have webaccess; and administrators do not need to provide additional teaching resources for grading. This is a chapter in the section on Successful Pedagogies in the Course, Curriculum and Laboratory Improvement (CCLI) April 2004 conference proceedings published under the title Invention and Impact: Building Excellence in Undergraduate Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Education.

  17. Calibrated Peer Review Essays Increase Student Confidence in Assessing Their Own Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Likkel, Lauren

    2012-01-01

    The online writing software Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) is a useful tool for assigning writing assignments in large college classes. In this system, students submit essays online and are guided in how to rate essays using criteria written by the instructor. The instructor does not have to grade the essays, and CPR has educational benefits that…

  18. An Analysis of Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) in a Science Lecture Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walvoord, Mark E.; Hoefnagels, Marielle H.; Gaffin, Douglas D.; Chumchal, Matthew M.; Long, David A.

    2008-01-01

    Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) is an online tool being used to integrate a writing component in classrooms. In an introductory zoology lecture class, the authors found that CPR-assigned scores were significantly higher than instructor-assigned scores on two of three essay assignments. They also found that neither students' technical-writing skills…

  19. Application of Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) Writing Assignments to Enhance Experiments with an Environmental Chemistry Focus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Margerum, Lawrence D.; Gulsrud, Maren; Manlapez, Ronald; Rebong, Rachelle; Love, Austin

    2007-01-01

    The browser-based software program, Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) developed by the Molecular Science Project enables instructors to create structured writing assignments in which students learn by writing and reading for content. Though the CPR project covers only one experiment in general chemistry, it might provide lab instructors with a method…

  20. Environmental DNA (eDNA) Science and Methodology USACE Response to Independent External Peer Review

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    on the scientific ideas, methods, and evaluations; it did not include an assessment of management decisions an Independent External Peer Review (IEPR) of the Environmental DNA (eDNA) scientific method developed and implemented by researchers at the University of Notre Dame (UND). USACE is employing the eDNA scientific