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1

The Peer-Review Process for Articles in Iran's Scientific Journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research was to study the peer-review process for articles in Iran's accredited scientific journals. The study considered the types of refereeing currently practised, the decision-making methods and criteria for acceptance of articles, the major decision makers, and the current norms in the peer-review process. The method used was a survey, and the data-collecting tool was a

Seyyed Ayatollah Mirzaie; Mohammad Abooyee Ardakan; Fatemeh Sheikhshoaei

2011-01-01

2

The Peer-Review Process for Articles in Iran's Scientific Journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

:The purpose of this research was to study the peer-review process for articles in Iran's accredited scientific journals. The study considered the types of refereeing currently practised, the decision-making methods and criteria for acceptance of articles, the major decision makers, and the current norms in the peer-review process. The method used was a survey, and the data-collecting tool was a

Seyyed Ayatollah Mirzaie; Mohammad Abooyee Ardakan; Fatemeh Sheikhshoaei

2011-01-01

3

Afterword - Why Peer Review Journals?  

Microsoft Academic Search

More than 50% of academic libraries' budgets are spent on peer review journal subscriptions [1]. One may wonder why these publications (often) with plain and dull covers (unlike those attractive, colorful magazines on newsstands), small subscription base and specialized readership carry such importance. The reason is simple. Publishing a journal for interested researchers, academics, and practitioners benefits the advancement of

Ellen Yi-Luen Do

2003-01-01

4

Consensus Journals: Invitational Journals Based upon Peer Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer networks open new possibilities for scientific communication in terms of quality, efficiency, and rapidity. Consensus journals have the economy of invitational journals and the objectivity of journals based upon peer review. That is, all articles are published and the reader benefits from article selection based upon impartial refereeing. An additional benefit of consensus journals is that the negotiation process,

David S. Stodolsky

1995-01-01

5

Thinking Collaboratively about the Peer-Review Process for Journal-Article Publication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this conversation, Kevin K. Kumashiro shares his reflections on challenges to publishing anti-oppressive research in educational journals. He then invites eight current and former editors of leading educational research journals--William F. Pinar, Elizabeth Graue, Carl A. Grant, Maenette K. P. Benham, Ronald H. Heck, James Joseph Scheurich,…

Kumashiro, Kevin K.

2005-01-01

6

Consistency between Peer Reviewers for a Clinical Specialty Journal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of reliability among peer reviews of 422 unsolicited articles for the "Journal of Clinical Anesthesia" found that most articles' reviews were consistent or near consistent. However, articles reviewed by two of the editorial board members were much less likely to be accepted than those read by two nonmembers. (Author/MSE)

Cullen, David J.; Macaulay, Anne

1992-01-01

7

Thank you to Virology Journal's peer reviewers in 2013  

PubMed Central

The editors of Virology Journal would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 10 (2013). The success of any scientific journal depends on an effective and strict peer review process and Virology Journal could not operate without your contribution. We are grateful to the large number of reviewers (1026 to be exact!), who have done a great job in not only lifting the quality of the journal’s scientific peer reviewing process, but also helped us to achieve our goal of a median time to first decision of just 35 days. Our record time from submission to online, open access, publication in 2013 was 22 days for a Research Article [1] and 28 days for a Review [2]. This is a great achievement by any standard. We look forward to your continuous support of Virology Journal either as an invited reviewer or a contributing author in the years to come.

2014-01-01

8

Peer Review Practices of Mass Communication Scholarly Journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research and publication are important to today 's teacher-scholar. Gettingpublished in refereed journals is considered by many the surest way to tenure and promotion. Peer review has not been a popular area of study, but, increasingly, questions are being raised about current peer review practices in a variety of disciplines, including mass communication. This study examines peer review practices in

Larry Z. Leslie

1990-01-01

9

Scientific composition and review of manuscripts for publication in peer-reviewed dental journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides an extensive tutorial for writers and reviewers involved with the preparation and evaluation of manuscripts submitted for publication in dental journals. The contents were compiled from the Instructions for Authors printed in various peer-reviewed dental journals and from feedback from 10 workshops conducted for the Editorial Review Board of the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. The 10 major

Stephen C. Bayne; Glen P. McGivney; Sarah C. Mazer

10

The Validity of Peer Review in a General Medicine Journal  

PubMed Central

All the opinions in this article are those of the authors and should not be construed to reflect, in any way, those of the Department of Veterans Affairs. Background Our study purpose was to assess the predictive validity of reviewer quality ratings and editorial decisions in a general medicine journal. Methods Submissions to the Journal of General Internal Medicine (JGIM) between July 2004 and June 2005 were included. We abstracted JGIM peer review quality ratings, verified the publication status of all articles and calculated an impact factor for published articles (Rw) by dividing the 3-year citation rate by the average for this group of papers; an Rw>1 indicates a greater than average impact. Results Of 507 submissions, 128 (25%) were published in JGIM, 331 rejected (128 with review) and 48 were either not resubmitted after revision was requested or were withdrawn by the author. Of 331 rejections, 243 were published elsewhere. Articles published in JGIM had a higher citation rate than those published elsewhere (Rw: 1.6 vs. 1.1, p?=?0.002). Reviewer quality ratings of article quality had good internal consistency and reviewer recommendations markedly influenced publication decisions. There was no quality rating cutpoint that accurately distinguished high from low impact articles. There was a stepwise increase in Rw for articles rejected without review, rejected after review or accepted by JGIM (Rw 0.60 vs. 0.87 vs. 1.56, p<0.0005). However, there was low agreement between reviewers for quality ratings and publication recommendations. The editorial publication decision accurately discriminated high and low impact articles in 68% of submissions. We found evidence of better accuracy with a greater number of reviewers. Conclusions The peer review process largely succeeds in selecting high impact articles and dispatching lower impact ones, but the process is far from perfect. While the inter-rater reliability between individual reviewers is low, the accuracy of sorting is improved with a greater number of reviewers.

Jackson, Jeffrey L.; Srinivasan, Malathi; Rea, Joanna; Fletcher, Kathlyn E.; Kravitz, Richard L.

2011-01-01

11

Thank you to Virology Journal's peer reviewers in 2012  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers The editors of Virology Journal would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 9 (2012). The success of any scientific journal depends on an effective and strict peer review process and Virology Journal could not operate without your contribution. We look forward to your continuous support to this journal either as an invited reviewer or a contributing author in the years to come.

2013-01-01

12

Are road safety evaluation studies published in peer reviewed journals more valid than similar studies not published in peer reviewed journals?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The peer review system of scientific journals is commonly assumed to prevent seriously flawed research from getting published. This paper compares the quality of 44 road safety evaluation studies published in peer reviewed journals to the quality of 79 evalutation studies dealing with the same safety measures, but not published in peer reviewed journals, in terms of seven criteria of

Rune Elvik

1998-01-01

13

Perceptions of Ethical Problems with Scientific Journal Peer Review: An Exploratory Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the results of an anonymous survey of researchers at a government research institution concerning their\\u000a perceptions about ethical problems with journal peer review. Incompetent review was the most common ethical problem reported\\u000a by the respondents, with 61.8% (SE = 3.3%) claiming to have experienced this at some point during peer review. Bias (50.5%,\\u000a SE = 3.4%) was the next most common

David B. Resnik; Christina Gutierrez-Ford; Shyamal Peddada

2008-01-01

14

A new age of peer reviewed scientific journals  

PubMed Central

The principles of peer reviewed scientific publications date back two and one-half centuries to the origins of Medical Essays and Observations published by the Royal Society of Edinburgh (1731). This year (2012) is notable in that perhaps the most prestigious and best-known medical journal, the New England Journal of Medicine, crossed the second century mark. The methodologies of peer review have undeniably served medicine well and helped to usher in unimaginable advances in human health. Despite such illustrious history, the winds of change are in the air.

Adler, John R.

2012-01-01

15

The Relationship of Previous Training and Experience of Journal Peer Reviewers to Subsequent Review Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundPeer review is considered crucial to the selection and publication of quality science, but very little is known about the previous experiences and training that might identify high-quality peer reviewers. The reviewer selection processes of most journals, and thus the qualifications of their reviewers, are ill defined. More objective selection of peer reviewers might improve the journal peer review process

Michael L. Callaham; John Tercier

2007-01-01

16

First CytoJournal Peer-Reviewer's Retreat in 2006 - open access, peer-review, and impact factor.  

PubMed

CytoJournal organized its first Peer-Reviewer's Retreat of 2006 during the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology Annual Meeting at Atlanta on Feb 12, 2006. The major topics discussed were open access, peer review, and impact factors. Representative participants volunteered to join the task force to prepare an instructional guide for peer-reviewing cytopathology manuscripts. Concern about the impact factor for CytoJournal was discussed. A feedback to its readers and authors was recommended. Impact factor calculation needs at least three years of journal statistics. It is only possible after two years from the time a journal is first accepted by Thomson-ISI for citation tracking. CytoJournal is still too new for an impact factor to be calculated. However, general progress of CytoJournal suggests an encouraging pattern for high impact factor. PMID:16566816

Shidham, Vinod B; Sandweiss, Lynn; Atkinson, Barbara F

2006-01-01

17

Impact of peer review on reports of randomised trials published in open peer review journals: retrospective before and after study  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate the effectiveness of open peer review as a mechanism to improve the reporting of randomised trials published in biomedical journals. Design Retrospective before and after study. Setting BioMed Central series medical journals. Sample 93 primary reports of randomised trials published in BMC-series medical journals in 2012. Main outcome measures Changes to the reporting of methodological aspects of randomised trials in manuscripts after peer review, based on the CONSORT checklist, corresponding peer reviewer reports, the type of changes requested, and the extent to which authors adhered to these requests. Results Of the 93 trial reports, 38% (n=35) did not describe the method of random sequence generation, 54% (n=50) concealment of allocation sequence, 50% (n=46) whether the study was blinded, 34% (n=32) the sample size calculation, 35% (n=33) specification of primary and secondary outcomes, 55% (n=51) results for the primary outcome, and 90% (n=84) details of the trial protocol. The number of changes between manuscript versions was relatively small; most involved adding new information or altering existing information. Most changes requested by peer reviewers had a positive impact on the reporting of the final manuscript—for example, adding or clarifying randomisation and blinding (n=27), sample size (n=15), primary and secondary outcomes (n=16), results for primary or secondary outcomes (n=14), and toning down conclusions to reflect the results (n=27). Some changes requested by peer reviewers, however, had a negative impact, such as adding additional unplanned analyses (n=15). Conclusion Peer reviewers fail to detect important deficiencies in reporting of the methods and results of randomised trials. The number of these changes requested by peer reviewers was relatively small. Although most had a positive impact, some were inappropriate and could have a negative impact on reporting in the final publication.

Collins, Gary S; Boutron, Isabelle; Yu, Ly-Mee; Cook, Jonathan; Shanyinde, Milensu; Wharton, Rose; Shamseer, Larissa; Altman, Douglas G

2014-01-01

18

Negotiation on the Assessment of Research Articles with Academic Reviewers: Application of Peer-Review Approach of Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides an insight into the dominant negotiation processes that occur between the authors of research articles and academic reviewers at the peer reviewing stage. Data of reviewers comments and authors responses on 32 science and engineering based journal articles covering four decision categories (accept as is, accept with minor…

Kumar, Prashant; Rafiq, Imran; Imam, Boulent

2011-01-01

19

PUBLISHING YOUR WORK IN A JOURNAL: UNDERSTANDING THE PEER REVIEW PROCESS  

PubMed Central

Manuscripts have been subjected to the peer review process prior to publication for over 300 years. Currently, the peer review process is used by almost all scientific journals, and The International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy is no exception. Scholarly publication is the means by which new work is communicated and peer review is an important part of this process. Peer review is a vital part of the quality control mechanism that is used to determine what is published, and what is not. The purpose of this commentary is to provide a description of the peer review process, both generally, and as utilized by The International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy. It is the hope of the authors that this will assist those who submit scholarly works to understand the purpose of the peer review process, as well as to appreciate the length of time required for a manuscript to complete the process and move toward publication.

Hoogenboom, Barbara J.

2012-01-01

20

How to Write a Scholarly Book Review for Publication in a Peer-Reviewed Journal  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To describe and discuss the processes used to write scholarly book reviews for publication in peer-reviewed journals and to provide a recommended strategy and book appraisal worksheet to use when conducting book reviews. Methods: A literature search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and the Index to Chiropractic Literature was conducted in June 2009 using a combination of controlled vocabulary and truncated text words to capture articles relevant to writing scholarly book reviews for publication in peer-reviewed journals. Results: The initial search identified 839 citations. Following the removal of duplicates and the application of selection criteria, a total of 78 articles were included in this review including narrative commentaries (n = 26), editorials or journal announcements (n = 25), original research (n = 18), and journal correspondence pieces (n = 9). Discussion: Recommendations for planning and writing an objective and quality book review are presented based on the evidence gleaned from the articles reviewed and from the authors' experiences. A worksheet for conducting a book review is provided. Conclusions: The scholarly book review serves many purposes and has the potential to be an influential literary form. The process of publishing a successful scholarly book review requires the reviewer to appreciate the book review publication process and to be aware of the skills and strategies involved in writing a successful review.

Lee, Alexander D.; Green, Bart N.; Johnson, Claire D.; Nyquist, Julie

2010-01-01

21

Peer Review for Journals: Evidence on Quality Control, Fairness, and Innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

I reviewed the published empirical evidence concerning journal peer review, which consisted of 68 papers, all but three published since 1975. Peer review improves quality, but its use to screen papers has met with limited success. Current procedures to assure quality and fairness seem to discourage scientific advancement, especially important innovations, because findings that conflict with current beliefs are often

JS Armstrong

2004-01-01

22

Peer review and journal impact factor: the two pillars of contemporary medical publishing  

PubMed Central

The appraisal of scientific quality is a particularly difficult problem. Editorial boards resort to secondary criteria including crude publication counts, journal prestige, the reputation of authors and institutions, and estimated importance and relevance of the research field, making peer review a controversial rather than a rigorous process. On this background different methods for evaluating research may become required, including citation rates and journal impact factors (IF), which are thought to be more quantitative and objective indicators, directly related to published science. The aim of this review is to go into the two pillars of contemporary medical publishing, that is the peer review process and the IF. Qualified experts' reviewing the publications appears to be the only way for the evaluation of medical publication quality. To improve and standardise the principles, procedures and criteria used in peer review evaluation is of great importance. Standardizing and improving training techniques for peer reviewers, would allow for the magnification of a journal's impact factor. This may be a very important reason that impact factor and peer review need to be analyzed simultaneously. Improving a journal's IF would be difficult without improving peer-review efficiency. Peer-reviewers need to understand the fundamental principles of contemporary medical publishing, that is peer-review and impact factors. The current supplement of the Hippokratia for supporting its seminar for reviewers will help to fulfil some of these scopes.

Triaridis, S; Kyrgidis, A

2010-01-01

23

Views on the peer review system of biomedical journals: an online survey of academics from high-ranking universities  

PubMed Central

Background Peer review is the major method used by biomedical journals for making the decision of publishing an article. This cross-sectional survey assesses views concerning the review system of biomedical journals among academics globally. Methods A total of 28,009 biomedical academics from high-ranking universities listed by the 2009 Times Higher Education Quacquarelli Symonds (THE-QS) World University Rankings were contacted by email between March 2010 and August 2010. 1,340 completed an online survey which focused on their academic background, negative experiences and views on biomedical journal peer review and the results were compared among basic scientists, clinicians and clinician scientists. Results Fewer than half of the respondents agreed that the peer review systems of biomedical journals were fair (48.4%), scientific (47.5%), or transparent (25.1%). Nevertheless, 58.2% of the respondents agreed that authors should remain anonymous and 64.4% agreed that reviewers should not be disclosed. Most, (67.7%) agreed to the establishment of an appeal system. The proportion of native English-speaking respondents who agreed that the “peer review system is fair” was significantly higher than for non-native respondents (p?=?0.02). Similarly, the proportion of clinicians stating that the “peer review system is fair” was significantly higher than that for basic scientists and clinician-scientists (p?=?0.004). For females, (??=??0.1, p?=?0.03), the frequency of encountering personal attacks in reviewers’ comments (??=??0.1, p?=?0.002) and the frequency of imposition of unnecessary references by reviewers (??=??0.06, p?=?0.04) were independently and inversely associated with agreement that “the peer review system is fair”. Conclusion Academics are divided on the issue of whether the biomedical journal peer review system is fair, scientific and transparent. A majority of academics agreed with the double-blind peer review and to the establishment of an appeal system. Female academics, experience of personal attacks and imposition of unnecessary references by reviewers were related to disagreement about fairness of the peer review system of biomedical journals.

2013-01-01

24

Reviewing Manuscripts for Peer-Review Journals: A Primer for Novice and Seasoned Reviewers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  The importance of peer review in the furthering of science cannot be overstated. However, most doctoral students and early\\u000a career professionals receive little formal or informal training in conducting peer reviews.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Purpose  In recognition of this deficit in peer reviewer training, the present article was developed to provide an overview of the\\u000a peer-review process at Annals of Behavioral Medicine and describe

Travis I. Lovejoy; Tracey A. Revenson; Christopher R. France

2011-01-01

25

Negotiation on the assessment of research articles with academic reviewers: application of peer-review approach of teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study provides an insight into the dominant negotiation processes that occur between the authors of research articles\\u000a and academic reviewers at the peer reviewing stage. Data of reviewers comments and authors responses on 32 science and engineering\\u000a based journal articles covering four decision categories (accept as is, accept with minor revisions, major revisions and reject)\\u000a were collected. A commonly

Prashant Kumar; Imran Rafiq; Boulent Imam

26

Peer review for journals: Evidence on quality control, fairness, and innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the published empirical evidence concerning journal peer review consisting of 68 papers, all but three\\u000a published since 1975. Peer review improves quality, but its use to screen papers has met with limited success. Current procedures\\u000a to assure quality and fairness seem to discourage scientific advancement, especially important innovations, because findings\\u000a that conflict with current beliefs are often

J. Scott Armstrong

1997-01-01

27

The Relationship of Previous Training and Experience of Journal Peer Reviewers to Subsequent Review Quality  

PubMed Central

Background Peer review is considered crucial to the selection and publication of quality science, but very little is known about the previous experiences and training that might identify high-quality peer reviewers. The reviewer selection processes of most journals, and thus the qualifications of their reviewers, are ill defined. More objective selection of peer reviewers might improve the journal peer review process and thus the quality of published science. Methods and Findings 306 experienced reviewers (71% of all those associated with a specialty journal) completed a survey of past training and experiences postulated to improve peer review skills. Reviewers performed 2,856 reviews of 1,484 separate manuscripts during a four-year study period, all prospectively rated on a standardized quality scale by editors. Multivariable analysis revealed that most variables, including academic rank, formal training in critical appraisal or statistics, or status as principal investigator of a grant, failed to predict performance of higher-quality reviews. The only significant predictors of quality were working in a university-operated hospital versus other teaching environment and relative youth (under ten years of experience after finishing training). Being on an editorial board and doing formal grant (study section) review were each predictors for only one of our two comparisons. However, the predictive power of all variables was weak. Conclusions Our study confirms that there are no easily identifiable types of formal training or experience that predict reviewer performance. Skill in scientific peer review may be as ill defined and hard to impart as is “common sense.” Without a better understanding of those skills, it seems unlikely journals and editors will be successful in systematically improving their selection of reviewers. This inability to predict performance makes it imperative that all but the smallest journals implement routine review ratings systems to routinely monitor the quality of their reviews (and thus the quality of the science they publish).

Callaham, Michael L; Tercier, John

2007-01-01

28

An electronic peer-reviewed journal of Earth system science education resources (JESSE)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Journal of Earth System Science Education (JESSE) aims to establish through electronic peer review and publication an orderly collection of resource materials for the broadly defined geoscience and related disciplines involved in Earth system and global change education. JESSE seeks submissions which provide substantive scientific content that challenges and intellectually stimulates educators and students through inquiry across a broad

Martin Ruzek; Donald R. Johnson; Robert Ford; Michael Kalb

2000-01-01

29

A comparison of conflict of interest policies at peer-reviewed journals in different scientific disciplines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientific journals can promote ethical publication practices through policies on conflicts of interest. However, the prevalence\\u000a of conflict of interest policies and the definition of conflict of interest appear to vary across scientific disciplines.\\u000a This survey of high-impact, peer-reviewed journals in 12 different scientific disciplines was conducted to assess these variations.\\u000a The survey identified published conflict of interest policies in

Jessica S. Ancker; Annette Flanagin

2007-01-01

30

Challenges in the Selection, Design and Implementation of an Online Submission and Peer Review System for STM Journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two international scientific publishers collaborated to develop an Online Submission and Peer Review System (OSPREY) for their journals. Our goals were to meet market demand, increase editorial efficiency and streamline the transition from peer review to publishing. One of the publishers (National Research Council (NRC) Research Press, Canada) had previously purchased a third-party system that was subsequently discontinued by the

Judy Best; Richard Akerman

2007-01-01

31

Conflict of Interest and Disclosure Policies in Psychiatry and Medicine: A Comparative Study of Peer-Reviewed Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors reviewed and characterized conflict of interest (COI) and disclosure policies published in peer-reviewed psychiatric and nonpsychiatric journals. Methods: The authors examined peer-reviewed publications in the psychiatric (N=20) and nonpsychiatric (N=20) literature. Using qualitative and quantitative approaches, they…

Khurana, Gauri; Henderson, Schuyler; Walter, Garry; Martin, Andres

2012-01-01

32

Licensing the future: report on BioMed Central's public consultation on open data in peer-reviewed journals.  

PubMed

We report the outcomes of BioMed Central's public consultation on implementing open data-compliant licensing in peer-reviewed open access journals. Respondents (42) to the 2012 consultation were six to one in favor (29 in support; 5 against; 8 abstentions) of changing our authors' default open access copyright license agreement, to introduce the Creative Commons CC0 public domain waiver for data published in BioMed Central's journals. We summarize the different questions we received in response to the consultation and our responses to them - matters such as citation, plagiarism, patient privacy, and commercial use were raised. In light of the support for open data in our journals we outline our plans to implement, in September 2013, a combined Creative Commons Attribution license for published articles (papers) and Creative Commons CC0 waiver for published data. PMID:23962139

Hrynaszkiewicz, Iain; Busch, Stefan; Cockerill, Matthew J

2013-01-01

33

Licensing the future: report on BioMed Central's public consultation on open data in peer-reviewed journals  

PubMed Central

We report the outcomes of BioMed Central’s public consultation on implementing open data-compliant licensing in peer-reviewed open access journals. Respondents (42) to the 2012 consultation were six to one in favor (29 in support; 5 against; 8 abstentions) of changing our authors’ default open access copyright license agreement, to introduce the Creative Commons CC0 public domain waiver for data published in BioMed Central’s journals. We summarize the different questions we received in response to the consultation and our responses to them – matters such as citation, plagiarism, patient privacy, and commercial use were raised. In light of the support for open data in our journals we outline our plans to implement, in September 2013, a combined Creative Commons Attribution license for published articles (papers) and Creative Commons CC0 waiver for published data.

2013-01-01

34

Learning effects of thematic peer-review: a qualitative analysis of reflective journals on spiritual care.  

PubMed

This study describes the learning effects of thematic peer-review discussion groups (Hendriksen, 2000. Begeleid intervisie model, Collegiale advisering en probleemoplossing, Nelissen, Baarn.) on developing nursing students' competence in providing spiritual care. It also discusses the factors that might influence the learning process. The method of peer-review is a form of reflective learning based on the theory of experiential learning (Kolb, 1984. Experiential learning, Experience as the source of learning development. Englewoods Cliffs, New Jersey, Prentice Hill). It was part of an educational programme on spiritual care in nursing for third-year undergraduate nursing students from two nursing schools in the Netherlands. Reflective journals (n=203) kept by students throughout the peer-review process were analysed qualitatively The analysis shows that students reflect on spirituality in the context of personal experiences in nursing practice. In addition, they discuss the nursing process and organizational aspects of spiritual care. The results show that the first two phases in the experiential learning cycle appear prominently; these are 'inclusion of actual experience' and 'reflecting on this experience'. The phases of 'abstraction of experience' and 'experimenting with new behaviour' are less evident. We will discuss possible explanations for these findings according to factors related to education, the students and the tutors and make recommendations for follow-up research. PMID:19027200

van Leeuwen, René; Tiesinga, Lucas J; Jochemsen, Henk; Post, Doeke

2009-05-01

35

THE ART AND POLITICS OF PEER REVIEW  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer reviewed manuscripts contain a certain level of merit, as they have survived the scrutiny of reviewers who possess some expertise in the relevant area. This article discusses the purpose of reviewing manuscripts for publication in scholarly journals. Various aspects and issues of the peer review process are described, including reviewer responsibilities. Criticisms and concerns associated with the current peer

Jay W. Rojewski; Desirae M. Domenico

36

Publication Rates of Public Health Theses in International and National Peer-Review Journals in Turkey  

PubMed Central

Background: Thesis is an important part of specialisation and doctorate education and requires intense work. The aim of this study was to investigate the publication rates of Turkish Public Health Doctorate Theses (PHDT) and Public Health Specialization (PHST) theses in international and Turkish national peer-review journals and to analyze the distribution of research areas. Methods: List of all theses upto 30 September 2009 were retrieved from theses database of the Council of Higher Education of the Republic of Turkey. The publication rates of these theses were found by searching PubMed, Science Citation Index-Expanded, Turkish Academic Network and Information Center (ULAKBIM) Turkish Medical Database, and Turkish Medline databases for the names of thesis author and mentor. The theses which were published in journals indexed either in PubMed or SCI-E were considered as international publications. Results: Our search yielded a total of 538 theses (243 PHDT, 295 PHST). It was found that the overall publication rate in Turkish national journals was 18%. The overall publication rate in international journals was 11.9%. Overall the most common research area was occupational health. Conclusion: Publication rates of Turkish PHDT and PHST are low. A better understanding of factors affecting this publication rate is important for public health issues where national data is vital for better intervention programs and develop better public health policies.

Sipahi, H; Durusoy, R; Ergin, I; Hassoy, H; Davas, A; Karababa, AO

2012-01-01

37

The Usefulness of Peer Review for Selecting Manuscripts for Publication: A Utility Analysis Taking as an Example a High-Impact Journal  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundHigh predictive validity – that is, a strong association between the outcome of peer review (usually, reviewers' ratings) and the scientific quality of a manuscript submitted to a journal (measured as citations of the later published paper) – does not as a rule suffice to demonstrate the usefulness of peer review for the selection of manuscripts. To assess usefulness, it

Lutz Bornmann; Hans-Dieter Daniel; Joel M. Schnur

2010-01-01

38

Are Peer Reviewers Encouraged to Use Reporting Guidelines? A Survey of 116 Health Research Journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundPre-publication peer review of manuscripts should enhance the value of research publications to readers who may wish to utilize findings in clinical care or health policy-making. Much published research across all medical specialties is not useful, may be misleading, wasteful and even harmful. Reporting guidelines are tools that in addition to helping authors prepare better manuscripts may help peer reviewers

Allison Hirst; Douglas G. Altman

2012-01-01

39

Scientific evaluation by peer review  

Microsoft Academic Search

In his essay on peer review in the 18th century scientific journalism, David Abraham Kronick (1) pointed out that „ peer review is an essential and integral part of consensus building and is inherent and necessary to the growth of knowledge”. Editorial peer review, however, was far from being a well established institution back at Mendel’s time (2). It is

Nela Popescu

2007-01-01

40

College Reading Research and Practice: Articles from "The Journal of College Literacy and Learning."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume presents 27 articles from "The Journal of College Literacy and Learning," a peer-reviewed journal (formerly the "Forum for Reading") produced by the International Reading Association's College Literacy and Learning Special Interest Group. Following "Foreword" (Donna E. Alvermann) and "Introduction" (Eric J. Paulson; Michael E. Laine;…

Paulson, Eric J., Ed.; Laine, Michaeline E., Ed.; Biggs, Shirley A., Ed.; Bullock, Terry L., Ed.

41

PCL-R Psychopathy: Threats to Sue, Peer Review, and Potential Implications for Science and Law. A Commentary  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disputes among academicians are not uncommon. They are usually played out in peer review journals in the form of point-and-counterpoint articles, or rebuttals and rejoinders. Recently however, a threat of litigation was issued against the authors of an article and the editor of the scientific journal which had accepted that article for publication following peer review. In this commentary we

Norman Poythress; John P. Petrila

2010-01-01

42

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-05-01

43

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-06-01

44

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2013-06-01

45

Systematic review of the effectiveness of training programs in writing for scholarly publication, journal editing, and manuscript peer review (protocol)  

PubMed Central

Background An estimated $100 billion is lost to ‘waste’ in biomedical research globally, annually, much of which comes from the poor quality of published research. One area of waste involves bias in reporting research, which compromises the usability of published reports. In response, there has been an upsurge in interest and research in the scientific process of writing, editing, peer reviewing, and publishing (that is, journalology) of biomedical research. One reason for bias in reporting and the problem of unusable reports could be due to authors lacking knowledge or engaging in questionable practices while designing, conducting, or reporting their research. Another might be that the peer review process for journal publication has serious flaws, including possibly being ineffective, and having poorly trained and poorly motivated reviewers. Similarly, many journal editors have limited knowledge related to publication ethics. This can ultimately have a negative impact on the healthcare system. There have been repeated calls for better, more numerous training opportunities in writing for publication, peer review, and publishing. However, little research has taken stock of journalology training opportunities or evaluations of their effectiveness. Methods We will conduct a systematic review to synthesize studies that evaluate the effectiveness of training programs in journalology. A comprehensive three-phase search approach will be employed to identify evaluations of training opportunities, involving: 1) forward-searching using the Scopus citation database, 2) a search of the MEDLINE In-Process and Non-Indexed Citations, MEDLINE, Embase, ERIC, and PsycINFO databases, as well as the databases of the Cochrane Library, and 3) a grey literature search. Discussion This project aims to provide evidence to help guide the journalological training of authors, peer reviewers, and editors. While there is ample evidence that many members of these groups are not getting the necessary training needed to excel at their respective journalology-related tasks, little is known about the characteristics of existing training opportunities, including their effectiveness. The proposed systematic review will provide evidence regarding the effectiveness of training, therefore giving potential trainees, course designers, and decision-makers evidence to help inform their choices and policies regarding the merits of specific training opportunities or types of training.

2013-01-01

46

Peer Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by Laura Guertin, Pennsylvania State University Brandywine "For generations, the academic community has relied on peer review as a way of enhancing the knowledge base and encouraging serious ...

Guertin, Laura

47

The distribution of forensic journals, reflections on authorship practices, peer-review and role of the impact factor  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents information about journals specializing in the forensic sciences and legal medicine, their development and distribution and their current status as reflected in the journal impact factor. The first scientific journal devoted to spreading information and reporting new developments in social and legal medicine seemingly originated in Germany about 150 years ago. The official journal of the American

Alan Wayne Jones

2007-01-01

48

The Neuroscience Peer Review Consortium.  

PubMed

As the Neuroscience Peer Review Consortium (NPRC) ends its first year, it is worth looking back to see how the experiment has worked. In order to encourage dissemination of the details outlined in this Editorial, it will also be published in other journals in the Neuroscience Peer Review Consortium. PMID:19284614

Saper, Clifford B; Maunsell, John H R

2009-01-01

49

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2013-06-01

50

Peer review statement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

2014-06-01

51

Professional Communication through Journal Articles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews studies of journal articles as a means of professional communication in the field of library and information science. The focus has been on content analysis and bibliometrics, which includes author, topic, and citation analysis. (LAM)

Rochester, Maxine K.

1996-01-01

52

Open by default: a proposed copyright license and waiver agreement for open access research and data in peer-reviewed journals.  

PubMed

Copyright and licensing of scientific data, internationally, are complex and present legal barriers to data sharing, integration and reuse, and therefore restrict the most efficient transfer and discovery of scientific knowledge. Much data are included within scientific journal articles, their published tables, additional files (supplementary material) and reference lists. However, these data are usually published under licenses which are not appropriate for data. Creative Commons CC0 is an appropriate and increasingly accepted method for dedicating data to the public domain, to enable data reuse with the minimum of restrictions. BioMed Central is committed to working towards implementation of open data-compliant licensing in its publications. Here we detail a protocol for implementing a combined Creative Commons Attribution license (for copyrightable material) and Creative Commons CC0 waiver (for data) agreement for content published in peer-reviewed open access journals. We explain the differences between legal requirements for attribution in copyright, and cultural requirements in scholarship for giving individuals credit for their work through citation. We argue that publishing data in scientific journals under CC0 will have numerous benefits for individuals and society, and yet will have minimal implications for authors and minimal impact on current publishing and research workflows. We provide practical examples and definitions of data types, such as XML and tabular data, and specific secondary use cases for published data, including text mining, reproducible research, and open bibliography. We believe this proposed change to the current copyright and licensing structure in science publishing will help clarify what users - people and machines - of the published literature can do, legally, with journal articles and make research using the published literature more efficient. We further believe this model could be adopted across multiple publishers, and invite comment on this article from all stakeholders in scientific research. PMID:22958225

Hrynaszkiewicz, Iain; Cockerill, Matthew J

2012-01-01

53

Open by default: a proposed copyright license and waiver agreement for open access research and data in peer-reviewed journals  

PubMed Central

Copyright and licensing of scientific data, internationally, are complex and present legal barriers to data sharing, integration and reuse, and therefore restrict the most efficient transfer and discovery of scientific knowledge. Much data are included within scientific journal articles, their published tables, additional files (supplementary material) and reference lists. However, these data are usually published under licenses which are not appropriate for data. Creative Commons CC0 is an appropriate and increasingly accepted method for dedicating data to the public domain, to enable data reuse with the minimum of restrictions. BioMed Central is committed to working towards implementation of open data-compliant licensing in its publications. Here we detail a protocol for implementing a combined Creative Commons Attribution license (for copyrightable material) and Creative Commons CC0 waiver (for data) agreement for content published in peer-reviewed open access journals. We explain the differences between legal requirements for attribution in copyright, and cultural requirements in scholarship for giving individuals credit for their work through citation. We argue that publishing data in scientific journals under CC0 will have numerous benefits for individuals and society, and yet will have minimal implications for authors and minimal impact on current publishing and research workflows. We provide practical examples and definitions of data types, such as XML and tabular data, and specific secondary use cases for published data, including text mining, reproducible research, and open bibliography. We believe this proposed change to the current copyright and licensing structure in science publishing will help clarify what users – people and machines – of the published literature can do, legally, with journal articles and make research using the published literature more efficient. We further believe this model could be adopted across multiple publishers, and invite comment on this article from all stakeholders in scientific research.

2012-01-01

54

[Peer review].  

PubMed

The submission of papers or abstracts in the framework of a call for papers represents the two main ways of showcasing scientific work. In both cases these proposals are subject to a peer review. With researchers facing increasing assessment of their activity, it is important to understand this assessment process and the controversy which it arouses. PMID:24558686

Regnaux, Jean-Philippe

2013-12-01

55

Writing to Learn: An Evaluation of the Calibrated Peer Review Program in Two Neuroscience Courses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This journal article describes the use of Calibrated Peer Review (CPR), a free, web-based writing and peer review program designed to alleviate instructor workload, in two undergraduate neuroscience courses: an upper-level sensation and perception course (41 students, three assignments) and an introductory neuroscience course (50 students; two assignments).

J. Roxanne Prichard (Bates College;)

2005-10-16

56

Do peer-reviewed journal papers result from meeting abstracts of the Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer-reviewed publication is at the core of scientific communication. However, with the exception of biomedicine, there has\\u000a been little analysis of the rate of peer-reviewed publication resulting from conference abstracts. This study examined a random\\u000a sample of abstracts from the 1989 and 1991 Biennial Conferences on the Biology of Marine Mammals to determine how many were\\u000a published as peer-reviewed papers.

James E Bird; Mary D Bird

1999-01-01

57

Mobilizing Information in Journal Articles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the disaggregation (ability to access/manipulate individual components of a document) and reaggregation (compilation of article components into a new written work) of scientific and technical journal articles by students and faculty members. Results lead to a discussion of metadata, the role of context in constraining component use, and…

Bishop, Ann Peterson

1998-01-01

58

Journal Articles as Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students use as the basis for a case study a journal article investigating whether people who claimed to have severe lactose intolerance really were unable to digest lactose. This type of case is referred to as an "issues" or "analysis" type of case in wh

Cornely, Kathleen

1999-11-01

59

Journal peer review in context: A qualitative study of the social and subjective dimensions of manuscript review in biomedical publishing.  

PubMed

Peer- and editorial review of research submitted to biomedical journals ('manuscript review') is frequently argued to be essential for ensuring scientific quality and the dissemination of important ideas, but there is also broad agreement that manuscript review is often unsuccessful in achieving its goals. Problems with manuscript review are frequently attributed to the social and subjective dimensions of the process (e.g., bias and conflict of interest). While there have been numerous efforts to improve the process, these have had limited success. This may be because these efforts do not account sufficiently for all of the social and subjective dimensions of the process. We set out, therefore, to characterise the most salient social and subjective dimensions of the manuscript review process, from the perspective of practising reviewers and editors. Open-ended interviews were carried out with 35 journal editors, and peer reviewers in the U.K., U.S.A. and Australia. It emerged from these interviews that reviewers and editors were conscious of a number of social and subjective influences on the review process including: a wide variety of motivations for participation, complex relations of power, epistemic authority and moral responsibility, and unavoidable prejudice and intuition. Importantly, these social and subjective influences were often viewed positively and were seen as expressions of, rather than threats to, editors' and reviewers' epistemic authority and expertise. From this we conclude that the social and subjective dimensions of biomedical manuscript review should be made more explicit, accommodated and even encouraged, not only because these dimensions of human relationships and judgements are unavoidable, but because their explicit presence is likely to enrich, rather than threaten the manuscript review process. We suggest a 'dialectical' model which can simultaneously accommodate, and embrace, all dimensions of the manuscript review process. PMID:21388730

Lipworth, Wendy L; Kerridge, Ian H; Carter, Stacy M; Little, Miles

2011-04-01

60

A Reliability-Generalization Study of Journal Peer Reviews: A Multilevel Meta-Analysis of Inter-Rater Reliability and Its Determinants  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundThis paper presents the first meta-analysis for the inter-rater reliability (IRR) of journal peer reviews. IRR is defined as the extent to which two or more independent reviews of the same scientific document agree.Methodology\\/Principal FindingsAltogether, 70 reliability coefficients (Cohen's Kappa, intra-class correlation [ICC], and Pearson product-moment correlation [r]) from 48 studies were taken into account in the meta-analysis. The studies

Lutz Bornmann; Rüdiger Mutz; Hans-Dieter Daniel; Simon Rogers

2010-01-01

61

Guidelines for Writing Manuscripts About Community-Based Participatory Research for Peer-Reviewed Journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the importance of disseminating the results of com- munity-based participatory research (CBPR), community health partnerships face many challenges in getting their work published. The purpose of this article is to present practical guides for writing about CBPR for those who have little experience in writing for publication or those who want to help their partners write strong manuscripts for

Bryan C. Bordeaux; Crystal. Wiley; S. Darius. Tandon; Carol R. Horowitz; Pamela Bohrer. Brown; Eric B. Bass

2007-01-01

62

A systematic review of how homeopathy is represented in conventional and CAM peer reviewed journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Growing popularity of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in the public sector is reflected in the scientific community by an increased number of research articles assessing its therapeutic effects. Some suggest that publication biases occur in mainstream medicine, and may also occur in CAM. Homeopathy is one of the most widespread and most controversial forms of CAM. The purpose

Timothy Caulfield; Suzanne DeBow

2005-01-01

63

Calibrated Peer Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What is Calibrated Peer ReviewTM? Calibrated Peer ReviewTM (CPR) (more info) is a web-based writing and peer review tool free to instructors and their classes. Students write short essays on a given topic following ...

64

Informational Dynamics of Journal Article Titles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes changing information values of journal article titles (measured by counting total number of words, number of keywords, and computing proportion of substantive words). Use of linear regression to determine change patterns for sample of titles from four selected journals, six library journals, and six miscellaneous journals (1951-1980) is…

Diener, Richard A. V.

1984-01-01

65

Planning for Peer Review of Teaching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Peer review of teaching can help departments improve their treatment of teaching as disciplinary scholarship. Peer review encourages collegial discussion about teaching and creates a framework for thorough evaluation of teaching. The authors of this article reviewed literature that describes the benefits of peer review, and that which describes steps for implementing departmental peer review programs. The benefits of a well-designed, well-implemented system of peer review include improved teaching, elevated morale and productivity, and closer working relationships in a department. Steps to creating an effective, beneficial peer review program include describing the goals of the program, describing good teaching in a department, crafting clear and equitable review procedures, training reviewers, finding opportunities for teachers to learn new instructional techniques, and rewarding participation. Communication, trust, and integrity are key ingredients of successful peer review of teaching.

Mundy, Victoria

1999-01-01

66

Evaluative Language in Peer Review Referee Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most international journals and conferences currently use the peer review system to ensure the quality of their contributions. Among the various types of peer review, the "blind" and the "anonymous" review seem to be the most common. Reviewers, or referees, usually write reports anonymously to indicate to authors what they should change in their…

Fortanet, Inmaculada

2008-01-01

67

Maintaining Live Discussion in Two-Stage Open Peer Review  

PubMed Central

Open peer review has been proposed for a number of reasons, in particular, for increasing the transparency of the article selection process for a journal, and for obtaining a broader basis for feedback to the authors and for the acceptance decision. The review discussion may also in itself have a value for the research community. These goals rely on the existence of a lively review discussion, but several experiments with open-process peer review in recent years have encountered the problem of faltering review discussions. The present article addresses the question of how lively review discussion may be fostered by relating the experience of the journal Electronic Transactions on Artificial Intelligence (ETAI) which was an early experiment with open peer review. Factors influencing the discussion activity are identified. It is observed that it is more difficult to obtain lively discussion when the number of contributed articles increases, which implies difficulties for scaling up the open peer review model. Suggestions are made for how this difficulty may be overcome.

Sandewall, Erik

2011-01-01

68

Cooperation between Referees and Authors Increases Peer Review Accuracy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review is fundamentally a cooperative process between scientists in a community who agree to review each other's work in an unbiased fashion. Peer review is the foundation for decisions concerning publication in journals, awarding of grants, and academic promotion. Here we perform a laboratory study of open and closed peer review based on an online game. We show that

Jeffrey T. Leek; Margaret A. Taub; Fernando J. Pineda

2011-01-01

69

Reporting ethical practices in journal articles.  

PubMed

Little attention has focused on the reporting of ethical research practices in journal articles. In Study 1, published articles in 2 psychopathology journals were reviewed to ascertain the types of ethical research information that were reported. In Study 2, a survey was sent to authors in Study 1 to determine which ethical practices they engaged in, if they reported this information, and reasons for not including this information in their article. In general, there is a great variability regarding the types of ethical research practices reported in journal articles. Commonly cited reasons for not including ethical research practice information in the articles included the need for brevity, belief that it was common practice, and lack of relevance for the project. These results suggest that there is no standard practice for reporting research practices in journal articles and great variability in the implementation of procedures that are generally considered standard. PMID:12656070

Sigmon, Sandra T; Boulard, Nina E; Whitcomb-Smith, Stacy

2002-01-01

70

Electronic Scientific Information, Open Access, and Editorial Peer Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews some of the many changes to publishing resulting from the electronic environment and focuses on how open access may impact or alter the editorial peer review process. Developments of particular importance to editorial peer review include the impact of electronic journals (e-journals) on scholarly publishing in general, pre-print repositories, open access journals, and access to unpublished data.

Ann C. Weller

2005-01-01

71

Real-Time Peer Review: An Innovative Feature to an Evidence-Based Practice Conference  

PubMed Central

Many health sciences librarians as well as other professionals attend conferences on a regular basis. This study sought to link an innovative peer review process of presented research papers to long-term conference outcomes in the peer-reviewed professional journal literature. An evidence-based conference included a proof-of-concept study to gauge the long-term outcomes from research papers presented during the program. Real-time peer review recommendations from the conference were linked to final versions of articles published in the peer-reviewed literature. The real-time peer review feedback served as the basis for further mentoring to guide prospective authors toward publishing their research results. These efforts resulted in the publication of two of the four research papers in the peer-viewed literature. A third presented paper appeared in a blog because the authors wanted to disseminate their findings more quickly than through the journal literature. The presenters of the fourth paper never published their study. Real-time peer review from this study can be adapted to other professional conferences that include presented research papers.

Eldredge, Jonathan D.; Phillips, Holly E.; Kroth, Philip J.

2013-01-01

72

The neuroscience peer review consortium.  

PubMed

The Neuroscience Peer Review Consortium (NPRC) was conceived in the summer of 2007 at a meeting of editors and publishers of neuroscience journals. One of the working groups addressed whether it was possible to construct a system for permitting authors whose manuscript received supportive reviews at one journal but was not accepted to send a revised manuscript together with its first round of reviews to a new journal for the second round. This would speed up the review process and reduce the work for reviewers and editors. The working group not only designed a framework for transferring reviews among journals, but also implemented it as the NPRC. By the fall of 2007, more than a dozen major journals had signed onto the NPRC, sufficient to launch the experiment in January, 2008. We invite authors who have not yet used the NPRC to try this method for appropriate manuscripts.In order to encourage dissemination of the details outlined in this Editorial, it will also be published in other journals in the Neuroscience Peer Review Consortium. PMID:19149887

Saper, Clifford B; Maunsell, John Hr; Sagvolden, Terje

2009-01-01

73

Online medical journal article layout analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a physical and logical layout analysis algorithm, which is applied to segment and label online medical journal articles (regular HTML and PDF-Converted-HTML files). For these articles, the geometric layout of the Web page is the most important cue for physical layout analysis. The key to physical layout analysis is then to render the HTML file in a Web

Jie Zou; Daniel Le; George R. Thoma

2007-01-01

74

Calibrated Peer Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site presents a paper-writing and peer review tool that is available free to educators and students. Calibrated Peer Review is a Web-based program that enables frequent writing assignments even in large classes with limited instructional resources. The program is discipline and level independent.

Review, Calibrated P.; Angeles, University O.

75

‘Why not give us the full story?’: functions of referees’ comments in peer reviews of scientific research papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer reviews of research articles submitted to journals are an occluded genre, that is, they are not publicly available documents which are part of the research record. When submitting their first scientific papers to international journals for publication, NNSE (non-native speaker of English) novice researchers face the challenging task of framing effective replies to referees’ criticisms, a complex process requiring

Hugh Gosden

2003-01-01

76

Citation of non-English peer review publications - some Chinese examples  

PubMed Central

Articles published in English language journals with citations of non-English peer reviewed materials are not very common today. However, as epidemiologists are becoming more aware of data and information being readily available and accessible in the non-English literature, the question of whether non-English materials can be cited in English language journals and if so, how should they be cited, has become an increasingly important issue. Bringing together personal insights from the author's familiarity with both the English and Chinese language epidemiological literature and results from a survey on the use of citations of non-English peer reviewed materials across a sample of epidemiology and public health journals, this commentary discusses the different ways authors cite non-English articles in different English language journals and the different methods used by journals to handle non-Latin scripts (e.g. transliteration). This commentary will be useful to both epidemiologists and editors alike.

Fung, Isaac CH

2008-01-01

77

Peer review process in medical research publications: Language and content comments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Every article sent by an author to a reputed scientific journal undergoes a rigorous editorial evaluation. The editor has the final responsibility of accepting or rejecting manuscripts and thus can confer authority and validity on the author’s research and help to disseminate new knowledge. In this task, editors make use of a panel of expert peer reviewers in the field

Philippa Mungra; Pauline Webber

2010-01-01

78

Impartial Judgment by the “Gatekeepers” of Science: Fallibility and Accountability in the Peer Review Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

High publication demands and the low acceptance rate of peer review journals place the journal editors and their reviewers in a powerful position. Journal reviewers have a vital role not only in influencing the journal editor's publication decisions, but also in the very nature and direction of scientific research. Because of their influence in peer review outcomes, journal reviewers are

Mohammadreza Hojat; Joseph S. Gonnella; Addeane S. Caelleigh

2003-01-01

79

Teaching the Anatomy of a Scientific Journal Article  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To promote inquiry-based learning, the authors integrate the anatomy of a scientific journal article into their secondary science curriculum. In this article, they present three classroom activities used to teach students about the function and format of scientific journal articles. The first focuses on journal article figures, the second on journal abstracts, and in the third, students produce their own journal articles, which are based on their investigations.

Busch, Allison K.; Schinske, Jeffrey N.; Clayman, Karen; Tanner, Kimberly D.

2008-10-01

80

Defense Acquisition Research Journal. Volume 20, Number 3, October 2013.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Defense Acquisition Research Journal (ARJ) is a scholarly peer- reviewed journal published by the Defense Acquisition University (DAU). Articles in this issue include: Strategic Planning and Management in Defense Systems Acquisition, Improving Program...

L. D. Ferreiro M. C. Redshaw

2013-01-01

81

Ethics of Peer Review: A Guide for Manuscript Reviewers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The peer review of scientific manuscripts is a cornerstone of modern science and medicine. Peer reviewed journals rely on expert and objective review by knowledgeable researchers to ensure the quality of the papers they publish. Moreover, the recommendations the reviewers make concerning publication and the advice they give to authors set the scientific standards of the discipline. In addition, their

Sara Rockwell

82

Do Continuing Medical Education Articles Foster Shared Decision Making?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Defined as reviews of clinical aspects of a specific health problem published in peer-reviewed and non-peer-reviewed medical journals, offered without charge, continuing medical education (CME) articles form a key strategy for translating knowledge into practice. This study assessed CME articles for mention of evidence-based…

Labrecque, Michel; Lafortune, Valerie; Lajeunesse, Judith; Lambert-Perrault, Anne-Marie; Manrique, Hermes; Blais, Johanne; Legare, France

2010-01-01

83

Journal of Digital Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Journal of Digital Information is an electronic-only, peer-reviewed journal covering topics related to digital libraries, hypertext and hypermedia systems, and the issues of digital information. The journal's main page features links to articles in the current issue; previous issues are browseable by issue number, author, title, or theme. They may also be searched by keywords in title or text.

84

Articles by Latin American Authors in Prestigious Journals Have Fewer Citations  

PubMed Central

Background The journal Impact factor (IF) is generally accepted to be a good measurement of the relevance/quality of articles that a journal publishes. In spite of an, apparently, homogenous peer-review process for a given journal, we hypothesize that the country affiliation of authors from developing Latin American (LA) countries affects the IF of a journal detrimentally. Methodology/Principal Findings Seven prestigious international journals, one multidisciplinary journal and six serving specific branches of science, were examined in terms of their IF in the Web of Science. Two subsets of each journal were then selected to evaluate the influence of author's affiliation on the IF. They comprised contributions (i) with authorship from four Latin American (LA) countries (Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Mexico) and (ii) with authorship from five developed countries (England, France, Germany, Japan and USA). Both subsets were further subdivided into two groups: articles with authorship from one country only and collaborative articles with authorship from other countries. Articles from the five developed countries had IF close to the overall IF of the journals and the influence of collaboration on this value was minor. In the case of LA articles the effect of collaboration (virtually all with developed countries) was significant. The IFs for non-collaborative articles averaged 66% of the overall IF of the journals whereas the articles in collaboration raised the IFs to values close to the overall IF. Conclusion/Significance The study shows a significantly lower IF in the group of the subsets of non-collaborative LA articles and thus that country affiliation of authors from non-developed LA countries does affect the IF of a journal detrimentally. There are no data to indicate whether the lower IFs of LA articles were due to their inherent inferior quality/relevance or psycho-social trend towards under-citation of articles from these countries. However, further study is required since there are foreseeable consequences of this trend as it may stimulate strategies by editors to turn down articles that tend to be under-cited.

Meneghini, Rogerio; Packer, Abel L.; Nassi-Calo, Lilian

2008-01-01

85

Teaching the Anatomy of a Scientific Journal Article  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To promote inquiry-based learning, the authors integrate the anatomy of a scientific journal article into their secondary science curriculum. In this article, they present three classroom activities used to teach students about the function and format of scientific journal articles. The first focuses on journal article figures, the second on…

Schinske, Jeffrey N.; Clayman, Karen; Busch, Allison K.; Tanner, Kimberly D.

2008-01-01

86

Approaching Authentic Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some scholars writing about improving students' reading and integrating reading and writing instruction suggest using think-aloud techniques to teach students reading comprehension skills. Using think-alouds to teach reading comprehension and then the read-aloud protocol technique (which is based on think-alouds) for peer review has two major…

Graff, Nelson

2009-01-01

87

Peer Review Undergoing Revitalization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Established in the 142,000-student Montgomery County, Maryland, district in 1999, peer assistance and review (PAR)--or "peer review," as it is occasionally called--is actually an old idea. In 1981, the then-president of the Toledo Federation of Teachers, Dal Lawrence, helped create the first PAR program. Almost 30 years later, only a handful of…

Sawchuk, Stephen

2009-01-01

88

Online medical journal article layout analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe a physical and logical layout analysis algorithm, which is applied to segment and label online medical journal articles (regular HTML and PDF-Converted-HTML files). For these articles, the geometric layout of the Web page is the most important cue for physical layout analysis. The key to physical layout analysis is then to render the HTML file in a Web browser, so that the visual information in zones (composed of one or a set of HTML DOM nodes), especially their relative position, can be utilized. The recursive X-Y cut algorithm is adopted to construct a hierarchical zone tree structure. In logical layout analysis, both geometric and linguistic features are used. The HTML documents are modeled by a Hidden Markov Model with 16 states, and the Viterbi algorithm is then used to find the optimal label sequence, concluding the logical layout analysis.

Zou, Jie; Le, Daniel; Thoma, George R.

2007-01-01

89

Article processing charges, funding, and open access publishing at Journal of Experimental & Clinical Assisted Reproduction.  

PubMed

Journal of Experimental & Clinical Assisted Reproduction is an Open Access, online, electronic journal published by BioMed Central with full contents available to the scientific and medical community free of charge to all readers. Authors maintain the copyright to their own work, a policy facilitating dissemination of data to the widest possible audience without requiring permission from the publisher. This Open Access publishing model is subsidized by authors (or their institutions/funding agencies) in the form of a single pound330 article processing charge (APC), due at the time of manuscript acceptance for publication. Payment of the APC is not a condition for formal peer review and does not apply to articles rejected after review. Additionally, this fee is waived for authors whose institutions are BioMed Central members or where genuine financial hardship exists. Considering ordinary publication fees related to page charges and reprints, the APC at Journal of Experimental & Clinical Assisted Reproduction is comparable to costs associated with publishing in some traditional print journals, and is less expensive than many. Implementation of the APC within this Open Access framework is envisioned as a modern research-friendly policy that supports networking among investigators, brings new research into reach rapidly, and empowers authors with greater control over their own scholarly publications. PMID:15649322

Sills, Eric Scott; Vincent, Tina Thibault; Palermo, Gianpiero D

2005-01-13

90

An "English Journal" Article That Made a Difference: A Forum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the author's effort to find out more about how "English Journal" articles have led to meaningful changes, he asked several teachers to write about "an "English Journal" article that made a difference." Several council members write about influential articles they read in the pages of NCTE's century-old journal. The brief stories they tell…

Zancanella, Don, Comp.

2012-01-01

91

MELCOR Peer Review  

SciTech Connect

MELCOR is a fully integrated, engineering-level computer code that models the progression of severe accidents in light water reactor nuclear power plants. The newest version of MELCOR is Version 1.8.1, July 1991. MELCOR development has reached the point that the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission sponsored a broad technical review by recognized experts to determine or confirm the technical adequacy of the code for the serious and complex analyses it is expected to perform. For this purpose, an eight-member MELCOR Peer Review Committee was organized. The Committee has completed its review of the MELCOR code: the review process and findings of the MELCOR Peer Review Committee are documented in this report. The Committee has determined that recommendations in five areas are appropriate: (1) MELCOR numerics, (2) models missing from MELCOR Version 1.8.1, (3) existing MELCOR models needing revision, (4) the need for expanded MELCOR assessment, and (5) documentation.

Boyack, B.E. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Dhir, V.K. [Santa Monica, CA. (United States); Gieseke, J.A. [Battelle, Columbus, OH (United States); Haste, T.J. [AEA Technology, Winfrith (United Kingdom); Kenton, M.A. [Gabor, Kenton and Associates, Inc., Westmont, IL (United States); Khatib-Rahbar, M. [Energy Research, Inc., Rockville, MD (United States); Leonard, M.T. [Science Applications International Corp., Wolfheze (Netherlands); Viskanta, R. [Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN (United States). Heat Transfer Lab.

1992-03-01

92

Should Biomedical Publishing Be “Opened Up”? Toward a Values-Based Peer-Review Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review of manuscripts for biomedical journals has become a subject of intense ethical debate. One of the most contentious\\u000a issues is whether or not peer review should be anonymous. This study aimed to generate a rich, empirically-grounded understanding\\u000a of the values held by journal editors and peer reviewers with a view to informing journal policy. Qualitative methods were\\u000a used

Wendy Lipworth; Ian H. Kerridge; Stacy M. Carter; Miles Little

93

An Overview and Analysis of Journal Operations, Journal Publication Patterns, and Journal Impact in School Psychology and Related Fields  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the results of three studies designed to understand better the journal operations, publishing practices, and impact of school psychology journals in recent years. The first study presents the results of a survey focusing on journal operations and peer-review practices that was completed by 61 journal editors of school…

Floyd, Randy G.; Cooley, Kathryn M.; Arnett, James E.; Fagan, Thomas K.; Mercer, Sterett H.; Hingle, Christine

2011-01-01

94

Open access to the scientific journal literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT: None of the advantages of traditional scientific journals need be sacrificed in order to provide free online access to scientific journal articles. Objections that open access to scientific journal literature requires the sacrifice of peer-review, revenue, copyright protection, or other strengths of traditional journals, are based on misunderstandings.

Peter Suber

2002-01-01

95

The Great Fossil Fiasco: Teaching about Peer Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a lesson that engages middle school students in learning about peer review. Uses the article "Archaeoraptor Fossil Trail," which was published in the November, 1999 issue of "National Geographic" as an example of a real life story of how peer review forces scientists to critically re-examine a fossil discovery. (SOE)

Gift, Nancy; Krasny, Marianne

2003-01-01

96

Improving the Peer-Review Process for Grant Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review is a gatekeeper, the final arbiter of what is valued in academia, but it has been criticized in relation to traditional psychological research criteria of reliability, validity, generalizability, and potential biases. Despite a considerable literature, there is surprisingly little sound peer-review research examining these criteria or strategies for improving the process. This article summarizes the authors' research program

Herbert W. Marsh; Upali W. Jayasinghe; Nigel W. Bond

97

Calibrated Peer Review: Introduction - Why Study Geology?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sarah Andrews is a geologist who has also written a series of successful mystery novels featuring (naturally) a geologist who solves crimes in her spare time. Students read her article, "Why Study Geology?", then write and essay addressing points listed in the Writing Prompt. After this, students are introduced to the process of Calibrated Peer Review and evaluate their papers.

Heise, Elizabeth

98

Using peer review to foster good teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to describe the implementation of a peer review of teaching (PROT) instructional improvement program at the Mansfield Library at The University of Montana. The success of the PROT program is based on its teacher-friendly collegial mentoring. This article provides a model for effective implementation in other academic libraries. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper describes a program

Sue Samson; Donna E. McCrea

2008-01-01

99

Using a dialectical scientific brief in peer review  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a framework that editors, peer reviewers, and authors can use to identify and resolve efficiently disputes\\u000a that arise during peer review in scientific journals. The framework is called a scientific dialectical brief. In this framework,\\u000a differences among authors and reviewers are formatted into specific assertions and the support each party provides for its\\u000a position. A literature review

Arthur Stamps

1997-01-01

100

EXPERIENCES WITH PEER-REVIEW EVALUATION IN COMPUTER SCIENCE COURSES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer-review is commonly associated with the publication of research results in international conference proceedings and journals. Variations on peer-review are also a fairly well-established means of evaluation in humanitarian and arts oriented educational programs where there is a stronger emphasis on written assignments and socio-cultural learning than is the case in typical engineering programmes loyal to the behaviouristic teaching model.

Burgess Mark; Frode Eika Sandnes

101

Student peer review decisions on submitted manuscripts are as stringent as faculty peer reviewers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Journal of Exercise Science is the only student-centered peer-reviewed journal in its field. Upon graduate student first author submissions, two student reviewers and one faculty reviewer are asked to review. On professionally submitted papers, two faculty peers are asked to assess the manuscript. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether graduate students returned similar decisions compared with faculty reviewers who evaluated the same manuscript. In addition, decisions of faculty peers reviewing graduate student- versus faculty-submitted manuscripts were compared. Mean comparisons between groups were evaluated using independent t-tests with significance at P ? 0.05. Graduate students (2.21 ñ 0.69) and faculty peers (2.24 ñ 0.66) returned similar decisions on student-submitted manuscripts (P = 0.84). Faculty decisions on manuscripts submitted by a professional primary author (1.86 ñ 0.77) were not different compared with faculty peers reviewing student manuscripts (P = 0.06). Statistics revealed that graduate students are just as stringent in the peer review process as established reviewers. Additionally, faculty reviewers evaluated manuscripts equally regardless of submission type.

2010-10-01

102

The Potential of Dual-Language Cross-Cultural Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the potential of dual-language cross-cultural peer review and how it improves on traditional monolingual and monocultural peer review. Drawing on scholarship related to international exchange programmes, peer review, and two-way immersion programmes in the United States as well as data collected while facilitating the…

Ruecker, Todd

2011-01-01

103

The purpose of peer review in the case of an open-access publication  

Microsoft Academic Search

First scientific journals were simply a way of informing colleagues about new research findings. In due course, they started filtering out unreasonable claims, and introduced a peer-review system. The purpose of peer reviewing changed with time. Since the middle of the past century, commercial publishers have owned a large number of scientific journals and as a result, the marketable value

Georgii A Alexandrov

2006-01-01

104

Against Journal Articles for Measuring Value in University Output  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following lines of arguments against the metrics of journal articles is developed: (1) Textual output should no longer be main valued output; (2) Digitalization enables other ways of advancing knowledge; (3) Measures by journal article favours the disciplines of Natural Science and Engineering (NSE) and moulds other disciplines of Social…

Mbali, C.

2010-01-01

105

Writes of Passage: Writing an Empirical Journal Article  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides advice about preparing research reports for submission to professional journals in general and "Journal of Marriage and Family" in particular. In addition to working through all the major parts of a research paper, I provide some general advice about writing, editing, and revising. The article is intended to help new…

White, Lynn

2005-01-01

106

Quality Control and Peer Review of Data Sets: Mapping Data Archiving Processes to Data Publication Requirements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Data sets exist within scientific research and knowledge networks as both technical and non-technical entities. Establishing the quality of data sets is a multi-faceted task that encompasses many automated and manual processes. Data sets have always been essential for science research, but now need to be more visible as first-class scholarly objects at national, international, and local levels. Many initiatives are establishing procedures to publish and curate data sets, as well as to promote professional rewards for researchers that collect, create, manage, and preserve data sets. Traditionally, research quality has been assessed by peer review of textual publications, e.g. journal articles, conference proceedings, and books. Citation indices then provide standard measures of productivity used to reward individuals for their peer-reviewed work. Whether a similar peer review process is appropriate for assessing and ensuring the quality of data sets remains as an open question. How does the traditional process of peer review apply to data sets? This presentation will describe current work being done at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in the context of the Peer REview for Publication & Accreditation of Research Data in the Earth sciences (PREPARDE) project. PREPARDE is assessing practices and processes for data peer review, with the goal of developing recommendations. NCAR data management teams perform various kinds of quality assessment and review of data sets prior to making them publicly available. The poster will investigate how notions of peer review relate to the types of data review already in place at NCAR. We highlight the data set characteristics and management/archiving processes that challenge the traditional peer review processes by using a number of questions as probes, including: Who is qualified to review data sets? What formal and informal documentation is necessary to allow someone outside of a research team to review a data set? What data set review can be done pre-publication, and what must be done post-publication? What components of the data sets review processes can be automated, and what components will always require human expertise and evaluation?

Mayernik, M. S.; Daniels, M.; Eaker, C.; Strand, G.; Williams, S. F.; Worley, S. J.

2012-12-01

107

Writing a narrative biomedical review: considerations for authors, peer reviewers, and editors.  

PubMed

Review articles comprehensively covering a specific topic are crucial for successful research and academic projects. Most editors consider review articles for special and regular issues of journals. Writing a review requires deep knowledge and understanding of a field. The aim of this review is to analyze the main steps in writing a narrative biomedical review and to consider points that may increase the chances of success. We performed a comprehensive search through MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, and Web of Science using the following keywords: review of the literature, narrative review, title, abstract, authorship, ethics, peer review, research methods, medical writing, scientific writing, and writing standards. Opinions expressed in the review are also based on personal experience as authors, peer reviewers, and editors. PMID:21800117

Gasparyan, Armen Yuri; Ayvazyan, Lilit; Blackmore, Heather; Kitas, George D

2011-11-01

108

Journal Article Citation Classics in School Psychology: Analysis of the Most Cited Articles in Five School Psychology Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to identify and examine the top 100 most highly cited articles of all time as well as the 25 most highly cited articles of the last decade from within 5 school psychology journals: "Journal of School Psychology," "Psychology in the Schools," "School Psychology International," "School Psychology Quarterly," and "School…

Price, Katherine W.; Floyd, Randy G.; Fagan, Thomas K.; Smithson, Kelly

2011-01-01

109

CES4Health.info: A Web-Based Mechanism for Disseminating Peer-Reviewed Products of Community-Engaged Scholarship--Reflections on Year One  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

CES4Health.info was launched in November 2009 as an online mechanism for peer reviewing and disseminating products of community-engaged scholarship in forms other than journal articles. One year after its launch, the authors conducted an online survey of CES4Health.info contributing authors, reviewers, and users of published products. Early…

Jordan, Catherine; Gelmon, Sherril; Ryan, Katharine; Seifer, Sarena D.

2012-01-01

110

Managing potential conflict of interest in journal article publication.  

PubMed

The issue of potential conflict of interest and its risk to professional integrity in journal article publication has been strongly debated in medical circles. Most medical journals adhere to international requirements for disclosure of potential conflict of interest. The debate on this issue in nursing, and specifically mental health nursing, has been neither prolific nor strong, despite nursing's potential to influence particular viewpoints about treatment and indeed to prescribe particular treatments; and nursing being a target for pharmaceutical industry marketing. The purpose of this paper is to raise debate about potential conflict of interest in journal article publication and to make recommendations for the management of such potential for this journal. PMID:22943073

O'Brien, Louise; Lakeman, Richard; O'Brien, Anthony

2013-08-01

111

Timely deposition of macromolecular structures is necessary for peer review  

PubMed Central

Most of the macromolecular structures in the Protein Data Bank (PDB), which are used daily by thousands of educators and scientists alike, are determined by X-ray crystallography. It was examined whether the crystallographic models and data were deposited to the PDB at the same time as the publications that describe them were submitted for peer review. This condition is necessary to ensure pre-publication validation and the quality of the PDB public archive. It was found that a significant proportion of PDB entries were submitted to the PDB after peer review of the corresponding publication started, and many were only submitted after peer review had ended. It is argued that clear description of journal policies and effective policing is important for pre-publication validation, which is key in ensuring the quality of the PDB and of peer-reviewed literature.

Joosten, Robbie P.; Soueidan, Hayssam; Wessels, Lodewyk F. A.; Perrakis, Anastassis

2013-01-01

112

Timely deposition of macromolecular structures is necessary for peer review.  

PubMed

Most of the macromolecular structures in the Protein Data Bank (PDB), which are used daily by thousands of educators and scientists alike, are determined by X-ray crystallography. It was examined whether the crystallographic models and data were deposited to the PDB at the same time as the publications that describe them were submitted for peer review. This condition is necessary to ensure pre-publication validation and the quality of the PDB public archive. It was found that a significant proportion of PDB entries were submitted to the PDB after peer review of the corresponding publication started, and many were only submitted after peer review had ended. It is argued that clear description of journal policies and effective policing is important for pre-publication validation, which is key in ensuring the quality of the PDB and of peer-reviewed literature. PMID:24311569

Joosten, Robbie P; Soueidan, Hayssam; Wessels, Lodewyk F A; Perrakis, Anastassis

2013-12-01

113

Top 20 cited Spine Journal articles, 1990-2009  

PubMed Central

AIM: To determine the most cited articles and most published authors in Spine Journal from 1990-2009. METHODS: Spine Journal, established in 1976, is affiliated with 12 spine societies and a leader in spine research articles. Citation analysis is a method to determine the impact of a journal and its articles on academia and clinical practice. Using the Institute for Scientific Information Web of Knowledge, we determined the most cited articles in Spine Journal between1990-2009. The characteristics and type of article were recorded. Next, we evaluated the most published authors during the same time period and calculated the number of citations for each author. The number of first authorships for each of these authors was also determined along with the number of citations for those articles. RESULTS: The top 20 cited articles range from 491 to 267 total citations. The top 20 published authors had between 41 and 135 articles. Seventeen of the top 20 articles were clinical studies. The range of citations per lead authorship ratio was 36 to 724 with one author having no lead authorships. Low back pain was the most common theme encountered in the top cited articles. The first-ranked article was not a spine-specific topic rather it was regarding general physical and mental health status survey update review. CONCLUSION: Spine Journal and its authors have a clear impact on the scientific community based on this review of the top articles and authors in the last 20 years.

Elgafy, Hossein K; Miller, Jacob D; Hashmi, Sohaib; Ericksen, Steven

2014-01-01

114

Procedures for peer review assessments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Office of Program Analysis (OPA) conducts peer review assessments of Department of Energy (DOE) research and development. The reviews are performed by examining individual projects which comprise a program and by assessing the quality of the research,...

1993-01-01

115

Procedures for Peer Review Assessments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Office of Program Analysis (OPA) conducts peer reviews of DOE research and development programs. The reviews are performed by examining individual projects which comprise the programs and assess the quality of the research, quality of the research tem...

1988-01-01

116

Using Journal Articles in an Environmental Biology Course  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article discusses how to use team learning and the interrupted journal case method to promote content, process, and application learning in an environmental biology course. It presents a sample case study on wetland delineation and describes strategi

Camill, Phil

2000-09-01

117

Developing a Conceptual Article for Publication in Counseling Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article seeks to help authors better understand the purpose, process, and procedures for developing a conceptual manuscript for publication in counseling journals. The author explains the basis of a conceptual article, discusses how authors may generate ideas for writing such articles, and describes a process for developing a conceptual…

Watts, Richard E.

2011-01-01

118

Peer review practicalities in clinical medicine  

PubMed Central

Peer review processes in teaching requires a reviewer to observe a teacher’s practice in a planned manner. Conversation between the two enables the teacher to reflect on their own teaching, promoting self-improvement. Although a central part of the teaching process, and despite its crucial role in continuing professional development, peer review is not widely practiced in hospital settings. This article explains the process and its benefits. Practical implementations of the process in busy clinical settings are suggested. Its evaluation and incorporation into undergraduate learning and postgraduate clinical practice are described. With enthusiastic support for colleagues and allowances for its implementation, it should become part of the regular teaching practice, improving the quality of teaching delivered.

Metcalfe, Matthew J; Farrant, MAL; Farrant, JM

2010-01-01

119

The Use of Double Anonymity in Peer Review: A Decision Whose Time Has Come?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The process of peer review for submissions to scientific journals is a well-established and widely used procedure. However, there may still be room for improvement in the procedural aspects of peer review. Advantages and disadvantages of the current system, against the introduction of systems using either no anonymity, or double anonymity, are assessed. Recommendations to improve the robustness and fairness

Richard J. C. Brown

2005-01-01

120

Reading and Abstracting Journal Articles in Sedimentology and Stratigraphy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An assignment centered on reading journal articles and writing abstracts is an effective way to improve student reading and writing skills in sedimentology and stratigraphy laboratories. Each student reads two articles and writes informative abstracts from the author's point of view. (PR)

Conrad, Susan Howes

1991-01-01

121

Conflicts of interest in biomedical publications: considerations for authors, peer reviewers, and editors.  

PubMed

This article overviews evidence on common instances of conflict of interest (COI) in research publications from general and specialized fields of biomedicine. Financial COIs are viewed as the most powerful source of bias, which may even distort citation outcomes of sponsored publications. The urge to boost journal citation indicators by stakeholders of science communication is viewed as a new secondary interest, which may compromize the interaction between authors, peer reviewers and editors. Comprehensive policies on disclosure of financial and non-financial COIs in scholarly journals are presented as proxies of their indexing in evidence-based databases, and examples of successful medical journals are discussed in detail. Reports on clinical trials, systematic reviews, meta-analyses and clinical practice guidelines may be unduly influenced by author-pharmaceutical industry relations, but these publications do not always contain explicit disclosures to allow the readers to judge the reliability of the published conclusions and practice-changing recommendations. The article emphasizes the importance of adhering to the guidance on COI from learned associations such as the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). It also considers joint efforts of authors, peer reviewers and editors as a foundation for appropriately defining and disclosing potential COIs. PMID:24382859

Gasparyan, Armen Yuri; Ayvazyan, Lilit; Akazhanov, Nurbek A; Kitas, George D

2013-12-01

122

The Examination of Peer Review and Publication in Neurology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite remarkable growth in the clinical neurology literature, there is little research on peer review and biomedical publication in neurology. Biomedical publication research encompasses every step of the research process, from the methodology to the publication of research findings. Some general medical journals have served as leaders in improving scientific publication. Many medical fields have taken it upon themselves to

Victoria S. S. Wong

2010-01-01

123

Publishing in Discipline-Specific Open Access Journals: Opportunities and Outreach for Librarians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Open access (OA) journals promote the opportunity for peer-reviewed journal articles to be freely accessible. In recent years, the number of OA journals has exploded in all disciplines. Previous studies have identified print-based pedagogical discipline-specific journals outside the field of Library and Information Science (LIS) for librarians to…

Tomaszewski, Robert; Poulin, Sonia; MacDonald, Karen I.

2013-01-01

124

From Qualitative Dissertation to Quality Articles: Seven Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New scholars frequently face an immense challenge in writing papers for publication. Qualitative research novices, in particular, experience frustration in getting peer-reviewed papers published in top-tier journals. This article is a primer on converting a dissertation based on qualitative research into a journal article. It summarizes seven…

Bowen, Glenn A.

2010-01-01

125

The Dedisciplining of Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The demand for greater public accountability is changing the nature of ex ante peer review at public science agencies worldwide. Based on a four year research project, this essay examines these changes through an analysis of the process of grant proposal review at two US public science agencies, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the…

Frodeman, Robert; Briggle, Adam

2012-01-01

126

Quantitative Articles: Developing Studies for Publication in Counseling Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is presented as a guide for developing quantitative studies and preparing quantitative manuscripts for publication in counseling journals. It is intended as an aid for aspiring authors in conceptualizing studies and formulating valid research designs. Material is presented on choosing variables and measures and on selecting…

Trusty, Jerry

2011-01-01

127

Towards an effective data peer review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Peer review is an established procedure to ensure the quality of scientific publications and is currently used as a prerequisite for acceptance of papers in the scientific community. In the past years the publication of raw data and its metadata got increased attention, which led to the idea of bringing it to the same standards the journals for traditional publications have. One missing element to achieve this is a comparable peer review scheme. This contribution introduces the idea of a quality evaluation process, which is designed to analyse the technical quality as well as the content of a dataset. It bases on quality tests, which results are evaluated with the help of the knowledge of an expert. The results of the tests and the expert knowledge are evaluated probabilistically and are statistically combined. As a result the quality of a dataset is estimated with a single value only. This approach allows the reviewer to quickly identify the potential weaknesses of a dataset and generate a transparent and comprehensible report. To demonstrate the scheme, an application on a large meteorological dataset will be shown. Furthermore, potentials and risks of such a scheme will be introduced and practical implications for its possible introduction to data centres investigated. Especially, the effects of reducing the estimate of quality of a dataset to a single number will be critically discussed.

Düsterhus, André; Hense, Andreas

2014-05-01

128

Head of Human Genome Project Retracts 5 Journal Articles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five published leukemia studies have been retracted by the director of the Human Genome Project because they were based on falsified data from a graduate student, although some of the conclusions are still supported. Inconsistencies were discovered by a peer reviewer and were also found in the student's other work. (MSE)

Haworth, Karla

1996-01-01

129

Critical Review of a Journal Article: An Assessment Activity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students receive a "Dear Colleague" letter requesting the review of a journal article in the same format as would be received from an Assistant Editor of a major scholarly journal. The letter outlines the requirements of the review and the due date. Students also receive the review forms typically provided by a given journal (I've provided forms from the Geological Society of America Bulletin and American Mineralogist for use in an upper division course in Mineralogy, Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology. The GSA Bulletin form is better suited for manuscripts that report on articles that have a significant field or tectonic component; the American Mineralogist form is better suited for articles that focus on more analytical, theoretical, or computational applications in mineralogy and petrology. In an upper division petrology class, I typically select articles for review that integrate numerous aspects of topics we've recently covered in class; tectonic setting, field relations, petrography, whole-rock geochemistry, geo- and thermochronology, mineral chemistry (for PTt calculations), stable isotope geochemistry, etc. My goal is to help students see how these multiple lines of evidence must be integrated into a coherent geologic interpretation of geologic process or history. Modify the letter with the request for review and review forms to emphasize the particular course goals, content, and expectations for your own course.

Mogk, Dave

130

Peer Review of Launch Environments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Catastrophic failures of launch vehicles during launch and ascent are currently modeled using equivalent trinitrotoluene (TNT) estimates. This approach tends to over-predict the blast effect with subsequent impact to launch vehicle and crew escape requirements. Bangham Engineering, located in Huntsville, Alabama, assembled a less-conservative model based on historical failure and test data coupled with physical models and estimates. This white paper summarizes NESC's peer review of the Bangham analytical work completed to date.

Wilson, Timmy R.

2011-01-01

131

Toward an interactive article: integrating journals and biological databases  

PubMed Central

Background Journal articles and databases are two major modes of communication in the biological sciences, and thus integrating these critical resources is of urgent importance to increase the pace of discovery. Projects focused on bridging the gap between journals and databases have been on the rise over the last five years and have resulted in the development of automated tools that can recognize entities within a document and link those entities to a relevant database. Unfortunately, automated tools cannot resolve ambiguities that arise from one term being used to signify entities that are quite distinct from one another. Instead, resolving these ambiguities requires some manual oversight. Finding the right balance between the speed and portability of automation and the accuracy and flexibility of manual effort is a crucial goal to making text markup a successful venture. Results We have established a journal article mark-up pipeline that links GENETICS journal articles and the model organism database (MOD) WormBase. This pipeline uses a lexicon built with entities from the database as a first step. The entity markup pipeline results in links from over nine classes of objects including genes, proteins, alleles, phenotypes and anatomical terms. New entities and ambiguities are discovered and resolved by a database curator through a manual quality control (QC) step, along with help from authors via a web form that is provided to them by the journal. New entities discovered through this pipeline are immediately sent to an appropriate curator at the database. Ambiguous entities that do not automatically resolve to one link are resolved by hand ensuring an accurate link. This pipeline has been extended to other databases, namely Saccharomyces Genome Database (SGD) and FlyBase, and has been implemented in marking up a paper with links to multiple databases. Conclusions Our semi-automated pipeline hyperlinks articles published in GENETICS to model organism databases such as WormBase. Our pipeline results in interactive articles that are data rich with high accuracy. The use of a manual quality control step sets this pipeline apart from other hyperlinking tools and results in benefits to authors, journals, readers and databases.

2011-01-01

132

General-interest versus specialty journals: Using intellectual influence of econometrics research to rank economics journals and articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper demonstrates the potential problem in using existing economics journal rankings to evaluate the research productivity of scholars by constructing a new ranking of economics journals and articles. Based on 2142 econometrics sample articles published from 2000 to 2005, our ranking results show that the intellectual influence of an econometrics article published in several econometrics|statistics journals is much higher

Yong Bao; Melody Lo; Franklin G. Mixon

2010-01-01

133

Social Workers' Attitudes toward Peer-Reviewed Literature: The Evidence Base  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social workers from one state chapter of the National Association of Social Workers were surveyed to assess their use of and attitudes toward the peer-reviewed literature and their engagement in evidence-based practice. Results reveal that, in general, the practitioners in this study did not read the peer-reviewed literature, particularly articles

Knight, Carolyn

2013-01-01

134

Improving the Peer-Review Process for Grant Applications: Reliability, Validity, Bias, and Generalizability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review is a gatekeeper, the final arbiter of what is valued in academia, but it has been criticized in relation to traditional psychological research criteria of reliability, validity, generalizability, and potential biases. Despite a considerable literature, there is surprisingly little sound peer-review research examining these criteria or strategies for improving the process. This article summarizes the authors' research program

Herbert W. Marsh; Upali W. Jayasinghe; Nigel W. Bond

2008-01-01

135

The Journal of College Admission 45th Anniversary Index, 1956-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Journal of College Admission 45th Anniversary Index is a comprehensive index of articles published from the journal's first issue in 1956 through the year 2001. The Journal of College Admission, an official publication of the National Association for College Admission Counseling (NACAC), is a quarterly, peer-reviewed periodical addressing the…

Loveland, Elaina C., Comp.

136

Sealed source peer review plan  

SciTech Connect

Sealed sources are known quantities of radioactive materials that have been encapsulated in quantities that produce known radiation fields. Sealed sources have multiple uses ranging from instrument calibration sources to sources that produce radiation fields for experimental applications. The Off-Site Source Recovery (OSR) Project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), created in 1999, under the direction of the Waste Management Division of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Albuquerque has been assigned the responsibility to recover and manage excess and unwanted radioactive sealed sources from the public and private sector. LANL intends to ship drums containing qualified sealed sources to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) for disposal. Prior to shipping, these drums must be characterized with respect to radiological content and other parameters. The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires that ten radionulcides be quantified and reported for every container of waste to be disposed in the WIPP. The methods traditionally approved by the EPA include non-destructive assay (NDA) in accordance with Appendix A of the Contact-Handled Transuranic Waste Acceptance Criteria for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (DOE, 2002) (CH WAC). However, because of the nature and pedigree of historical records for sealed sources and the technical infeasibility of performing NDA on these sources, LANL proposes to characterize the content of these waste drums using qualified existing radiological data in lieu of direct measurement. This plan describes the process and documentation requirements for the use of the peer review process to qualify existing data for sealed radiological sources in lieu of perfonning radioassay. The peer review process will be performed in accordance with criteria provided in 40 CFR {section} 194.22 which specifies the use of the NUREG 1297 guidelines. The plan defines the management approach, resources, schedule, and technical requirements for the subject peer review.

Feldman, Alexander [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Leonard, Lee [RETIRED; Burns, Ron [CONTRACTOR

2009-01-01

137

Visualizing Data from a Journal Article: A Critical Thinking Exercise  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a take-home exercise for junior or senior-level students in a Sedimentation/Stratigraphy course. It may be used to bridge topics of geomorphology, depositional environments and clastic sedimentology. The exercise focuses on visualizing journal article data in a meaningful way. In addition to defining technical terms, students are asked to use background knowledge of Walther's Law to complete a series of vertical sections. Approximate time to complete the exercise is 4-5 hours. Individual assignment (as opposed to group work) is recommended.

Wolak, Jeannette

138

The effects of peer review and evidence quality on judge evaluations of psychological science: Are judges effective gatekeepers?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientifically trained and untrained judges read descriptions of an expert's research in which the peer review status and internal validity were manipulated. Seventeen percent of the judges said they would admit the expert evidence, irrespective of its internal validity. Publication in a peer-reviewed journal also had no effect on judges' decisions. Training interacted with the internal validity manipulation. Scientif- ically

Margaret Bull Kovera; Bradley D. McAuliff

2000-01-01

139

New Journal of Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute of Physics & Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft will begin an all-electronic and peer-reviewed journal in physics later this year. New Journal of Physics will include full-length research articles pertaining to both pure and applied physics, theory and experiment, and interdisciplinary topics. It strives to be a scholarly journal of "rigorously refereed" papers and aims to publish data and results that use the features of the electronic medium. The journal's website provides a listing of receiving editors as well as guide for authors. Detailed instructions on how to submit papers are available at the site.

140

Scholarly Journal Publishing in the 21st Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the impact of the Internet on scholarly journals. Discusses efficiency; dissemination of information; peer review process; a quality rating system that would allow submission of an article to a family of journals of differing prestige; the revision process; lower costs; universities as publishers; and multimedia possibilities. (LRW)

Hermalin, Benjamin E.

2001-01-01

141

An Examination of Articles in Gifted Education and Multicultural Education Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An analysis of gifted education and multicultural education journals was performed to identify the number of multicultural education articles in gifted education journals and the number of gifted education articles in multicultural education journals. Journals reviewed were "Multicultural Education", "Multicultural Perspectives," "Urban…

Chamberlin, Scott A.

2008-01-01

142

Society for Endocrinology: Journals: Free Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Society for Endocrinology offers this collection of full-text reviews and commentaries from the Journal of Endocrinology, Endocrine-Related Cancer, and the Journal of Molecular Endocrinology. These peer-reviewed articles, available free of charge to any interested user, present "quality overviews of current topic in endocrinology." The bibliographic listing for each article link to a browseable abstract, which in turn links to the full-text document. The Web site includes an article archive dating back to 1996.

2011-06-20

143

Eigenfactor and article influence scores in the Journal Citation Reports  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This sequel to the earlier testing and evaluation of the five-year Journal Impact Factor (JIF-5) in the enhanced version of the Journal Citation Reports (JCR) (released in January and July 2009 for the 2007 and 2008 journal collections, respectively) seeks to assess and compare the impact on the ranking of journals by two other performance indicators. Design\\/methodology\\/approach –

Péter Jacsó

2010-01-01

144

[Comment on “Implementing the peer review process in AGU Publications” The peer review process in JGR”Space Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent Forum articles (Eos, October 23, 1984, p. 770), P.J. Baum and A.J. Dessler have commented on the peer review system as implemented in the Space Physics section of JGR. The issues they raise are important, and as current editor I welcome the opportunity to express my views on them.As is evident from the review form presently used in JGR-Space Physics and shown in Figure 1, I share the concern expressed by Baum and Dessler that the review process should permit significant new and unorthodox ideas or results to be published. Apparently, Baum feels that the form is a negative influence in this respect. Eos readers may judge for themselves, but I must confess to surprise at this reaction, since the objective of maintaining the journal as an open forum for diverse scientific viewpoints is spelled out very clearly and since referees are asked to present constructive criticism whenever possible. In my experience, most referees have no difficulty relating the information on the back side of the form to the summary evaluation on the front side, and they are quite willing to recommend acceptance of high-quality papers containing controversial but well argued views. Thus I believe the form serves its purposes well. Nevertheless, I would welcome concrete suggestions for improvement of it.

Sonnerup, B. U. ö.

1984-04-01

145

Finding and using journal-article components: Impacts of disaggregation on teaching and research practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the results of a study into the use of discrete journal article components, particularly tables and figures extracted from published scientific journal articles, and their application to teaching and research. Sixty participants were introduced to and asked to perform searches in a journal article component prototype that presents individual tables and figures as the items returned in

Robert J. Sandusky; Carol Tenopir

2008-01-01

146

Peer Reviewers Learn from Giving Comments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on peer reviewing has revealed that comments received from peer reviewers are helpful when it comes to making revisions in an individual's writing, but the role of providing comments to peer writers has been little explored despite the potential value of such research. In this study, we explored how student reviewers learn by reviewing…

Cho, Young Hoan; Cho, Kwangsu

2011-01-01

147

In Defense of Regulatory Peer Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Largely overlooked, but pertinent to the question of what role peer review could play, is the potential that agencies might misuse perfectly credible science, or so-called “good science,” by overstating the extent to which it supports their policy and regulatory decisions. No study has ever demonstrated whether use of regulatory peer review would have detected other instances, like the Klamath,

J. B. Ruhl; James Salzman

2006-01-01

148

Journal of Evolution and Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Journal of Evolution and Technology (JET) is "a peer-reviewed electronic journal publishing contemporary research into future science and philosophy." It deals with somewhat edgy topics that are often avoided by mainstream journals. For example, a common theme is the relationship between the human brain and computers, questioning their respective computational capacity and evolution. Despite the unusual focus of the journal, its articles are contributed by reputable sources such as university faculty or members of research institutions. New issues are published as articles are accepted, and hence there are no set release dates.

2008-04-02

149

7 CFR 3415.11 - Composition of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Composition of peer review groups. 3415.11...AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications...3415.11 Composition of peer review groups. (a)...

2010-01-01

150

7 CFR 3415.11 - Composition of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Composition of peer review groups. 3415.11...AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications...3415.11 Composition of peer review groups. (a)...

2009-01-01

151

FLUE GAS DESULFURIZATION: THE STATE OF THE ART: JOURNAL ARTICLE  

EPA Science Inventory

Srivastava*, R.K., and Jozewicz, W. Flue Gas Desulfurization: The State of the Art. Journal of Air and Waste Management Association (Air & Waste Management Asiciation) 51 (12):1676-88 (2001). EPA/600/J-01/391, Available: Journal of Air and Waste Management Association (journal)...

152

Oklahoma Association of Teacher Educators Journal 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Oklahoma Association of Teacher Educators 2009 Journal includes the following four peer reviewed articles: (1) The Changing Role of Grandparents (Fred D. Hammond, III, Terry E. Spigner, Charolette Myles-Nixon, and Pauline Holloway); (2) Pedagogical Agent Instructional Design Challenges (Jon Martens); (3) Differences in Relatedness across…

Green, Malinda Hendricks, Ed.

2009-01-01

153

Scientific Journal Publishing: Yearly Volume and Open Access Availability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: We estimate the total yearly volume of peer-reviewed scientific journal articles published world-wide as well as the share of these articles available openly on the Web either directly or as copies in e-print repositories. Method: We rely on data from two commercial databases (ISI and Ulrich's Periodicals Directory) supplemented by…

Bjork, Bo-Christer; Roos, Annikki; Lauri, Mari

2009-01-01

154

Peer reviewers learn from giving comments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on peer reviewing has revealed that comments received from peer reviewers are helpful when it comes to making revisions\\u000a in an individual’s writing, but the role of providing comments to peer writers has been little explored despite the potential\\u000a value of such research. In this study, we explored how student reviewers learn by reviewing peer drafts in the context

Young Hoan ChoKwangsu Cho; Kwangsu Cho

2011-01-01

155

Peer review under review: room for improvement?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The peer review process is a central part of medicine and has become a touchstone of modern evaluation of scientific quality.\\u000a Although generally considered essential to academic quality, peer review has been increasingly criticised as ineffective,\\u000a slow, and misunderstood. A frequent claim is that the process is insufficiently objective and that it is inconsistent in its\\u000a capacity to assess manuscript

E. E. van der Wall

2009-01-01

156

Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning. Volume 13, Number 1, Fall 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning" ("MJCSL") is a national, peer-reviewed journal consisting of articles written by faculty and service-learning educators on research, theory, pedagogy, and issues pertinent to the service-learning community. The "MJCSL" aims to: (1) widen the community of service-learning educators; (2) sustain…

Howard, Jeffrey, Ed.

2006-01-01

157

The Geography of Distance Education--Bibliographic Characteristics of a Journal Network  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The publication of the results of research in distance education in peer-reviewed journals is an important means of communication, dissemination, discourse and reporting of practice in the field. This study is an attempt at analyzing the relationships and influences among these journals. It is based upon a sample of 1416 scholarly articles

Zawacki-Richter, Olaf; Anderson, Terry

2011-01-01

158

Exploring the use of social media to measure journal article impact.  

PubMed

Science blogs, Twitter commentary, and comments on journal websites represent an immediate response to journal articles, and may help in identifying relevant publications. However, the use of these media for establishing paper impact is not well studied. Using Wikipedia as a proxy for other social media, we explore the correlation between inclusion of a journal article in Wikipedia, and article impact as measured by citation count. We start by cataloging features of PubMed articles cited in Wikipedia. We find that Wikipedia pages referencing the most journal articles are about disorders and diseases, while the most referenced articles in Wikipedia are about genomics. We note that journal articles in Wikipedia have significantly higher citation counts than an equivalent random article subset. We also observe that articles are included in Wikipedia soon after publication. Our data suggest that social media may represent a largely untapped post-publication review resource for assessing paper impact. PMID:22195090

Evans, Perry; Krauthammer, Michael

2011-01-01

159

[Comment on ``Implementing the peer review process in AGU Publications'' The peer review process in JGR''Space Physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent Forum articles (Eos, October 23, 1984, p. 770), P.J. Baum and A.J. Dessler have commented on the peer review system as implemented in the Space Physics section of JGR. The issues they raise are important, and as current editor I welcome the opportunity to express my views on them.As is evident from the review form presently used in

B. U. ö. Sonnerup

1984-01-01

160

International Career Articles: A Content Analysis of Four Journals across 34 Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study included a review and content analysis of international career articles published in four major U.S. vocational/career journals over a 34-year time period. Three hundred and twenty-six articles were identified, constituting 2.4% of the total number of articles published in these journals during this time. The results showed an…

Nilsson, Johanna E.; Flores, Lisa Y.; Berkel, La Verne; Schale, Codi L.; Linnemeyer, Rachel M.; Summer, Irene

2007-01-01

161

Using Journal Articles in an Environmental Biology Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains the interrupted journal case study method which integrates content, process, and application in an environmental biology course. Provides a sample case on wetland delineation and describes strategies to develop effective case studies in environmental education. (YDS)

Camill, Phil

2000-01-01

162

Investigating Peer Review as an Intentional Learning Strategy to Foster Collaborative Knowledge-Building in Students of Instructional Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review has been advocated for as an intentional strategy to support the knowledge and skill attainment of adult learners preparing for professional practice, including those students preparing for instructional design and technology practice. The purposes of this article are to discuss the practical application of peer review as an…

Brill, Jennifer M.; Hodges, Charles B.

2011-01-01

163

Using text mining to link journal articles to neuroanatomical databases  

PubMed Central

The electronic linking of neuroscience information, including data embedded in the primary literature, would permit powerful queries and analyses driven by structured databases. This task would be facilitated by automated procedures which can identify biological concepts in journals. Here we apply an approach for automatically mapping formal identifiers of neuroanatomical regions to text found in journal abstracts, and apply it to a large body of abstracts from the Journal of Comparative Neurology (JCN). The analyses yield over one hundred thousand brain region mentions which we map to 8,225 brain region concepts in multiple organisms. Based on the analysis of a manually annotated corpus, we estimate mentions are mapped at 95% precision and 63% recall. Our results provide insights into the patterns of publication on brain regions and species of study in the Journal, but also point to important challenges in the standardization of neuroanatomical nomenclatures. We find that many terms in the formal terminologies never appear in a JCN abstract, while conversely, many terms authors use are not reflected in the terminologies. To improve the terminologies we deposited 136 unrecognized brain regions into the Neuroscience Lexicon (NeuroLex). The training data, terminologies, normalizations, evaluations and annotated journal abstracts are freely available at http://www.chibi.ubc.ca/WhiteText/.

French, Leon; Pavlidis, Paul

2013-01-01

164

Early Childhood Research & Practice: An Internet Journal on the Development, Care, and Education of Young Children, Spring 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early Childhood Research and Practice (ECRP), a peer-reviewed, Internet-only journal sponsored by the ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education (ERIC/EECE), covers topics related to the development, care, and education of children from birth to approximately age 8. The journal emphasizes articles reporting on practice-related…

Katz, Lilian G., Ed.; Rothenberg, Dianne, Ed.

2002-01-01

165

Term Recognition and Classification in Biological Science Journal Articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe the application ofautomatic terminology recognition and classificationtechniques for two bioinformatics projects:extraction of information about enzymesand metabolic pathways and extraction of informationabout protein structure, in both casesfrom scientific journal papers. The techniqueswe use were adapted from already available InformationExtraction (IE) technology that wasdeveloped for name recognition tasks definedin the US Message Understanding...

Robert Gaizauskas; George Demetriou; Kevin Humphreys

2000-01-01

166

ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING AND ENDOCRINE DISRUPTING CHEMICALS: JOURNAL ARTICLE  

EPA Science Inventory

NRMRL-CIN-1600 Sayles*, G.D. Environmental Engineering and Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals. ASCE Journal of Environmental Engineering (Arnold, R.G. (Ed.), Reston, VA: American Society of Civil Engineers) 128 (1):1-2 (2002). EPA/600/J- 02/001. ...

167

SO2 SCRUBBING TECHNOLOGIES: A REVIEW: JOURNAL ARTICLE  

EPA Science Inventory

NRMRL-RTP-P-585 Srivastava*, R.K., Jozewicz, W., and Singer, C. SO2 Scrubbing Technologies: a Review. Environmental Progress 20 (4):219-227 (2001). EPA/600/J-02/022, Available: Environmental Progress (journal), http://www.aiche.org/publications/tocs/issuedtl.asp, [NET]. 03...

168

Patterns of Citations to Articles within Journals: A Preliminary Rest of Scatter, Concentration and Obsolescence.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

If citations are concentrated on a relatively small number of articles within individual journals as well as between different journals, selections of key articles can be published that should satisfy a high percentage of library demand for back runs at l...

M. B. Line

1972-01-01

169

Combining DOM tree and geometric layout analysis for online medical journal article segmentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe an HTML web page segmentation algorithm, which is applied to segment online medical journal articles (regular HTML and PDF-Converted-HTML files). The web page content is modeled by a zone tree structure based primarily on the geometric layout of the web page. For a given journal article, a zone tree is generated by combining DOM tree analysis and recursive

Jie Zou; Daniel X. Le; George R. Thoma

2006-01-01

170

Evaluation of Articles Related to Program Development in Education Published in the Journal of Primary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to make an overall assessment of articles related to program development in education that appeared in the "Journal of Primary Education," which had been published between 1939 and 1966. For this purpose, the articles in the journal were analyzed by using content analysis, and evaluated in terms of program…

Guclu, Mustafa

2013-01-01

171

From SSWR to Peer-Reviewed Publication: How Many Live and How Many Die?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to estimate how many presentations at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Social Work and Research (SSWR) are subsequently published in peer-reviewed journals. A 30% random sample of abstracts presented at the 2006 Annual Meeting of SSWR was reviewed. To determine publication status of the presentations, the authors…

Perron, Brian E.; Taylor, Harry Owen; Vaughn, Michael G.; Grogan-Kaylor, Andrew; Ruffolo, Mary C.; Spencer, Michael

2011-01-01

172

Peer review for the evaluation of the academic research: the Italian experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review, that is the evaluation process based on judgments formulated by independent experts, is generally used for different goals: the allocation of research funding, the review of the research results submitted for publication in scientific journals, and the assessment of the quality of research conducted by Universities and university-related Institutes. The paper deals with the latter type of peer

Reale Emanuela; Barbara Anna; Costantini Antonio

2006-01-01

173

ROAST: Peer Review as a Learning and Assessment Tool in Graduate Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Constructivist learning theory and inquiry-based educational practice stress the parallels between learning and research. Although peer review has long been a central feature of the working lives of research scientists, it has rarely found its way into the classroom. Motivated by this thought, an imaginary journal, Reviews of Atmospheric Science Topics (ROAST), has been integrated into a graduate-level course in

R. C. Somerville

2003-01-01

174

Peer Review, Bourdieu and Honour: Connecting Chinese and Australian Intellectual Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reviews of papers for refereed journals are rarely a source of exhilaration, only occasionally a pleasure and frequently dispiriting. Using peer reviews of research containing Chinese concepts, this paper explores different ways of thinking about knowledge, its evaluation and transfer. Bourdieu's concepts of fields of power, position taking,…

Singh, Michael; Han, Jinghe

2010-01-01

175

Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A number of organizations have created peer-reviewed journals to investigate the world of educational technology and learning in the past several years. The Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology is certainly one of the better journals on this subject, and they publish peer-reviewed pieces on topics that include online learning, gaming, and learning theory and technology. Over the past several years, the journal has been published three times a year, and their editorial board includes professors from Simon Fraser University, Queen's University, and Athabasca University. Visitors can browse through the articles by issue, title, or author. Additionally, visitors can sign up to receive their RSS feed and learn a bit more about the submission process. Recently published pieces include "Comparing students' perceptions of paper-based and electronic portfolios" and "Encouraging self-regulated learning through electronic portfolios".

176

Linking to Journal Articles in an Online Teaching Environment: The Persistent Link, DOI, and OpenURL  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growing availability of online journal literature and the license agreements that make such literature useable in an academic environment present educators opportunities for using journal articles in online teaching. The use of online journal articles avoids logistical challenges associated with the use of printed copies of journal articles,…

Langston, Marc; Tyler, James

2004-01-01

177

Dear Editor(s) published article your Journal. your journal IIS? Journal Name: International Journal Engineering Business Enterprise Applications (Ojibwa) Manuscript Title: Study effect cognitive aspect social capital recognizing entrepreneurial opportunities small medium companies Author Name: proof. Mahomet Roza Hamidizadeh  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

Did you mean: Dear Editor(s) published article your Journal. your journal IIS? Journal Name: International Journal Engineering Business Enterprise Applications (Ojibwa) Manuscript Title: Study effect cognitive aspect social capital recognizing entrepreneurial opportunities small medium companies Author Name: proof. Mahomet Roza Hamidizadeh ?

178

Qualitative Research in Distance Education: An Analysis of Journal Literature 2005-2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review study examines the current research literature in distance education for the years 2005 to 2012. The author found 382 research articles published during that time in four prominent peer-reviewed research journals. The articles were classified and coded as quantitative, qualitative, or mixed methods. Further analysis found another…

Hauser, Laura

2013-01-01

179

A Comparison of the Methodological Quality of Articles in Computer Science Education Journals and Conference Proceedings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study we empirically investigate the claim that articles published in computer science education journals are more methodologically sound than articles published in computer science education conference proceedings. A random sample of 352 articles was selected from those articles published in major computer science education forums between…

Randolph, Justus J.; Julnes, George; Bednarik, Roman; Sutinen, Erkki

2007-01-01

180

Press Releases of Science Journal Articles and Subsequent Newspaper Stories on the Same Topic  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article from Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) documents how scientific news is made and perpetuated. The authors found evidence that "journal articles described in press releases, in particular those described first or second in the press release, are associated with the subsequent publication of newspaper stories on the same topic." Though not a surprising result, the article offers insights into why and what the public considers important in science.

De Semir, Valdimir.; Uelta, Gemma.; Ribas, Cristina.

1998-01-01

181

Bristol Bay Assessment ? Supplemental Peer Review Reports  

EPA Science Inventory

These reports represent the results of independent peer reviews of several technical reports submitted to the public docket for the May 2012 draft of the Bristol Bay Assessment, An Assessment of Potential Mining Impacts on Salmon Ecosystems of Bristol Bay, Alaska . ...

182

Nurse Participation in Medical Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Utah Professional Review Organization (UPRO) enables nurse-coordinators to conduct an ongoing evaluation of the quality of patient care, to upgrade care through physician-sponsored continuing education programs, and to limit care cost, in a medical peer review program. (DS)

Orme, June Y.; Lindbeck, Rosemary S.

1974-01-01

183

Pulsed Power Peer Review Committee Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1993, the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA, PL 103-62) was enacted. GPRA, which applies to all federal programs, has three components: strategic plans, annual performance plans, and metrics to show how well annual plans are being followed. As part of meeting the GRPA requirement in FY2000, a 14-member external peer review panel (the Garwin Committee) was convened on

DOUGLAS D

2000-01-01

184

THE REPORTING OF IRB REVIEW IN JOURNAL ARTICLES PRESENTING HIV RESEARCH CONDUCTED IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD  

PubMed Central

Objectives We investigated how often journal articles reporting on human HIV research in four developing world countries mention any institutional review boards (IRBs) or research ethics committees (RECs), and what factors are involved. Methods We examined all such articles published in 2007 from India, Nigeria, Thailand and Uganda, and coded these for several ethical and other characteristics. Results Of 221 articles meeting inclusion criteria, 32.1% did not mention IRB approval. Mention of IRB approval was associated with: biomedical (versus psychosocial) research (P=0.001), more sponsor-country authors (P=0.003), sponsor-country corresponding author (P=0.047), mention of funding (P<0.001), particular host-country involved (P=0.002), journals having sponsor-country editors (P<0.001), and journal stated compliance with International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) (P=0. 003). Logistic regression identified 3 significant factors: mention of funding, journal having sponsor-country editors and research being biomedical. Conclusions One-third of articles still do not mention IRB approval. Mention varied by country, and was associated with biomedical research, and more sponsor country involvement. Recently, some journals have required mention of IRB approval, but allow authors to do so in cover letters to editors, not in the article itself. Instead, these data suggest, journals should require that articles document adherence to ethical standards.

KLITZMAN, ROBERT L.; KLEINERT, KELLY; RIFAI-BASHJAWISH, HODA; LEU, CHENG SHIUNG

2012-01-01

185

Journal of Microbiology, Volume X. No. 1, 1964: Selected Articles.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The three articles are studies concerning the Japanese B Encephalitis virus. The first includes a study of the protective power of mice against intracerebral and subcutaneous attacks after having immunized them with the inactivated virus vaccine. The seco...

1966-01-01

186

Examining the Citations Received by DOAJ's Journals from ISI Web of Science's Articles (2003-2008)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research aims to investigate the citations received by DOAJ's journals from ISI Web of Science's articles in five fields (Arts & Humanities, Social Sciences, Pure Sciences, Technology & Engineering, and Health & Medical Sciences) during 2003–2008. It was used bibliometrics and citation analysis. In this research 2953 English-language journals in DOAJ were chosen, and no sampling was used. The

Ahmad Shabani; Rasul Saadat

2010-01-01

187

Unavailability of online supplementary scientific information from articles published in major journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Printed articles increasingly rely on on- line supplements to store critical scientific information, but such data may eventually become unavailable. We checked the current availability of online supplemen- tary scientific information published in six top-cited scientific journals (Science, Nature, Cell, New England Journal of Medicine, Lancet, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA). Here we show that in 4.7%

Evangelos Evangelou; Thomas A. Trikalinos; John P. A. Ioannidis

2005-01-01

188

Tailoring a Journal Article Database to Local Needs: Planning and Management Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development of California Institute of Technology Libraries' local database of articles from science and engineering journals and its integrated document request and delivery feature. It is noted that not all journals received by the libraries are in the database, backfiles are limited, and coverage is not comprehensive. (five…

Brudvig, Glenn L.

1991-01-01

189

Research on Mathematics Education in China in the Last Decade: A Review of Journal Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews literature on mathematics education in China in the last decade. It focuses on papers that were published after 2000, and Chinese Social Science Citation Index (CSSCI). Some influential journals in the field of mathematics education, such as the "Journal of Mathematics Education" and "Mathematics Instruction" were also…

Xu, Binyan

2010-01-01

190

Article Publications, Journal Outlets, and Article Themes for Current Faculty in APA-Accredited School Psychology Programs: 1995?1999  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study addressed three major questions regarding the 1995?1999 journal publications of faculty at school psychology programs accredited by the American Psychological Association (APA) as of Sept. 1, 2000: (a) Which program faculties had the strongest records of article publications for 1995?1999? (b) What were the major school psychology and…

Carper, Robin M.; Williams, Robert L.

2004-01-01

191

Using Calibrated Peer Review to Teach Basic Research Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) is an online tool being used in the class Introduction to Agriculture and Purdue University (AGR 10100) to integrate a writing and research component (http://cpr.molsci.ucla.edu/Home.aspx). Calibrated Peer Review combines the ability to create writing intensive assignments with an introduction to the peer-review

Bracke, Marianne S.; Graveel, John G.

2014-01-01

192

Online Peer Review: Learning Science as It's Practiced.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a cooperative project that integrates the internet into the peer-review process to enhance student understanding of the nature of science through engagement in socially authentic scientific research and the double-blinded peer review process. Reports the ratings of faculty and students of the online peer review. (Author/YDS)

Trautmann, Nancy M.; Carlsen, William S.; Eick, Charles J.; Gardner, Francis E., Jr.; Kenyon, Lisa; Moscovici, Hedy; Moore, John C.; Thompson, Mark; West, Sandra

2003-01-01

193

Evaluacion entre colegas profesores (Peer Review of Teachers). ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest in Spanish examines peer review, focusing on how these types of reviews can improve teacher competence. Peer review is often linked to peer assistance, which helps new and veteran teachers improve their knowledge and skills. In peer-review programs, consulting teachers conduct formal evaluations and recommend whether the participating…

Hertling, Elizabeth

194

Immune cells have sex and so should journal articles.  

PubMed

Males and females have the same immunological cells, proteins, and pathways in place to protect against the development of disease. The kinetics, magnitude, and skewing of the responses mounted against pathogens, allergens, toxins, or self-antigens, however, can differ dramatically between the sexes. Generally, females mount higher innate and adaptive immune responses than males, which can result in faster clearance of pathogens but also contributes to increased susceptibility to inflammatory and autoimmune diseases in females compared with males. Hormonal and genetic factors contribute significantly to sex differences in immune function and disease pathogenesis. In particular, the expression of X-linked genes and microRNA as well as sex steroid hormones signaling through hormone receptors in immune cells can affect responses to immunological stimuli differently in males and females. Despite data illustrating profound differences between the sexes in immune function, sex differences in the pathogenesis of disease are often overlooked in biomedical research. Establishing journal policies that require authors to report the sex of their cells, animals, and subjects will improve our understanding of the pathogenesis of diseases, with the long-term goal of personalizing treatments for immune-mediated diseases differently for males and females in an effort to protect us equally. PMID:22434079

Klein, Sabra L

2012-06-01

195

Are Shorter Article Titles More Attractive for Citations? Cross-sectional Study of 22 Scientific Journals  

PubMed Central

Aim To investigate the correlation between the length of the title of a scientific article and the number of citations it receives, in view of the common editorial call for shorter titles. Methods Title and the number of citations to all articles published in 2005 in 22 arbitrarily chosen English-language journals (n?=?9031) were retrieved from citation database Scopus. The 2008 journal impact factors of these 22 journals were also retrieved from Thomson Reuters’ Journal Citation Report (JCR). Assuming the article title length as the independent variable, and the number of citations to the article as the dependent variable, a linear regression model was applied. Results The slope of the regression line for some journals (n?=?6, when titles were measured in characters but 7 when titles were measured in words) was negative – none was significantly different from 0. The overall slope for all journals was 0.140 (when titles were measured in characters) and 0.778 (when titles were measured in words), significantly different from 0 (P?articles with longer titles received more citations – Spearman ??=?0.266 – when titles were measured in characters, and ??=?0.244 when titles were measured in words (P?journals with impact factor >10 and for 2 out of 14 journals with impact factor <10 (P?journals with high impact factors. Editors who insist on brief and concise titles should perhaps update the guidelines for authors of their journals and have more flexibility regarding the length of the title.

Habibzadeh, Farrokh; Yadollahie, Mahboobeh

2010-01-01

196

Journal of Air Transportation, Volume 10, No. 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The mission of the Journal of Air Transportation (JA is to provide the global community immediate key resource information in all areas of air transportation. The goal of the Journal is to be recognized as the preeminent scholarly journal in the aeronautical aspects of transportation. As an international and interdisciplinary journal, the JAT will provide a forum for peer-reviewed articles in all areas of aviation and space transportation research, policy, theory, case study, practice, and issues. While maintaining a broad scope, a focal point of the journal will be in the area of aviation administration and policy.

Bowen, Brent D. (Editor); Kabashkin, Igor (Editor); Lucas, Sarah (Editor); Scarpellini-Metz, Nanette (Editor)

2005-01-01

197

Journal of Air Transportation, Volume 11, No. 3  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The mission of the Journal of Air Transportation (JAT) is to provide the global community immediate key resource information in all areas of air transportation. The goal of the Journal is to be recognized as the preeminent scholarly journal in the aeronautical aspects of transportation. As an international and interdisciplinary journal, the JAT will provide a forum for peer-reviewed articles in all areas of aviation and space transportation research, policy, theory, case study, practice, and issues. While maintaining a broad scope, a focal point of the journal will be in the area of aviation administration and policy

Bowen, Brent (Editor); Kabashkin, Igor (Editor); Fink, Mary (Editor)

2007-01-01

198

The Languages of Science: A Corpus-Based Study of Experimental and Historical Science Articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studying the communication patterns of scientists can give us insight into how science works in practice. We have been studying the language of peer-reviewed journal articles in several scientific fields, and argue that methodological differences between different scientific fields are reflected in differences in how scientists in these fields rhetorically organize their texts. Techniques of computational stylistics enable us to

Jeff Dodick

199

Turning Lemons into LemonadeWhere Is the Value in Peer Reviews?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Authors need to view reviewers’ comments not as judgments about the value of their work, but as good data about potential readers of their articles. The editorial review process does have deficiencies, the most serious being that reviewers should decide what articles warrant publication. “Peer review” should mean that reviewers and authors are indeed peers. However, editors typically act as

William H. Starbuck

2003-01-01

200

[The management of errors and scientific fraud by biomedical journals: They cannot replace Institutions].  

PubMed

Research integrity is not negotiable, but we regularly observe research misconduct, and journals are victims or guilty. Journals do not have the objective to assess research integrity: that's the Institutions' roles. Journals discover research misconduct when articles are reviewed (an editor or a reviewer detect signals), or after the article's publication when a reader or a whistleblower call the journal. The editors and reviewers' research misconduct are less described and not publicized in the medias. The peer-review system is criticised. If authors were fair-play, and reviews well done, the journals should not publish articles containing false data. The opponents to the peer-review system propose no alternatives to replace it. The anonymous peer reviews are questioned: it has never been proved that quality of anonymous reading was better than quality of open reading. The Open Access facilitated the creation of many journals. Some journals are excellent and got an impact factor; most journals have a poor quality and don't follow the publications ethics standards. When errors and fraud are identified, journals can publish 3 statements: erratum for errors, expression of concern for errors or fraud when evidence is not established, and retraction when evidence is obvious. PMID:22836196

Maisonneuve, Hervé

2012-09-01

201

Critiquing Scholarship as Formal Review: The Role and Responsibilities of Readers for Academic Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the various components of a successful review from the standpoint of a veteran journal editor and encourages, in particular, young scholars to consider, if they have not already done so, becoming active participants not only in the authoring of scholarly work, but also as reviewers in the peer review process that is part of…

Nelson, Thomas

2011-01-01

202

"Journal of Counseling & Development" Publication Patterns: Author and Article Characteristics From 1994 to 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Publication patterns of articles in the "Journal of Counseling & Development" from 1994 to 2009 were reviewed. Trends over time were analyzed in article content (e.g., type, content topic) and author demographic characteristics (i.e., gender, nation of domicile, and employment setting). Of particular interest because of the scientific…

Erford, Bradley T.; Miller, Emily M.; Schein, Hallie; McDonald, Allison; Ludwig, Lisa; Leishear, Kathleen

2011-01-01

203

Aspects of Theme in the Method and Discussion Sections of Biology Journal Articles in English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the thematic structure of the method and Discussion section of biology research articles. A corpus of 30 journal articles was analyzed using the categories of systematic functional linguistics and a semantic categorization for unmarked themes realized by subject. Revealed differences in the semantic construction of the sections. (VWL)

Martinez, Iliana A.

2003-01-01

204

Automated Article Links Identification for Web-based Online Medical Journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of research into Web-based document analysis including Web page downloading and classification, an algorithm has been developed to automatically identify article links in Web-based online journals. This algorithm is based on feature vectors calculated from attributes and contents of links extracted from HTML files, and an instance- based learning algorithm using a nearest neighbor methodology to identify article

George R. Thoma

205

Writing (and Reading) Journal Articles for Professional Development: APMC--A Great Place to Start  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is intended to assist people who have never written for a journal, or who perhaps have never even thought about doing so. In this article, the authors provide some advice for budding Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom (APMC) authors. Information on where to start, what's already been done, what will be in the paper, who will…

Marshall, Linda; Swan, Paul

2011-01-01

206

Ad hoc and Selective Translations of Scientific and Technical Journal Articles: Their Characteristics and Possible Predictability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of ad hoc and selective translations of scientific and technical journal articles is described. Differences between two articles--one translated; the other not--with respect to original language, subject coverage, number of references and authors, and frequency with which their authors are cited in other works are presented. (Author/MBR)

Anderson, James D.

1978-01-01

207

The Two Paradigms of Education and the Peer Review of Teaching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article discusses how the two paradigms of education (Teaching-Centered and Learning-Centered) could affect the way faculty members are reviewed when undergoing peer review. The major challenge to fair and proper peer review arises from the need to review the growing number of instructors who conform to the Learning-Centered paradigm. Early preparation for peer review should help avoid the disjunction created by an unwitting mixture of Learning-Centered aims and Teaching-Centered methods. Reviewers must ascertain that the instructor under review possesses accurate and current knowledge of geoscience content, regardless of paradigm, and understand that the role of a reviewer interviewing a Teaching-Centered instructor is to obtain information on the instructor's teaching of the content. Conversely, the role of a reviewer in reviewing a Learning-Centered instructor is to obtain information on the student's learning of content and skills, including the skill of how to learn.

Mcmanus, Dean

2001-11-01

208

Journal of Aesthetics & Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Started in 2009, the Journal of Aesthetics & Culture (JAC) is an open-access journal "that aims to develop inter-disciplinary theoretical models as applied to human science research on aesthetic questions." The JAC has assembled an editorial board of scholars from across the world, including experts from New York University, Lund University, and the University of Bergen. On their website, visitors can read over the author guidelines, sign up for e-alerts, peruse the journal's announcements, and view the latest peer-reviewed article. Their first volume, published in 2009, included the articles "Calling on Witnesses: testimony and the deictic" and "Confronting The Wind: a reading of a Hollywood film by Victor SjÃÂöstrÃÂöm".

209

Peer-Reviewed Publication of Clinical Trials Completed for Pediatric Exclusivity  

PubMed Central

Context Much of pediatric drug use is “off-label” because appropriate pediatric studies have not been conducted and the drugs have not been labeled by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in children. In 1997, Congress authorized FDA to grant extensions of marketing rights known as “pediatric exclusivity” if FDA-requested pediatric trials were conducted. As a result, there have been over 100 product labeling changes. The publication status of studies completed for pediatric exclusivity has not been evaluated. Objective To quantify the dissemination of results of studies conducted for pediatric exclusivity into the peer-review literature. Design Cohort study of all trials conducted for Pediatric Exclusivity, the subsequent labeling changes, and the publication of those studies in peer-reviewed journals. We categorized each study in the exclusivity application as ”successful” or “unsuccessful” based on FDA approval of the indication sought by the sponsor. We categorized any labeling changes resulting from the studies as ”positive” or “negative” for the drug under study. We then evaluated aspects of the studies and product label changes that were associated with subsequent publication in peer-reviewed medical journals. Main Outcome Measures Publication of the trial data in peer-reviewed journals. Results Between 1998 and 2004, 253 studies were submitted to FDA for pediatric exclusivity: 50% evaluated efficacy, 20% were multi-dose pharmacokinetic, 13% were single-dose pharmacokinetic, and 17% were safety studies. Labeling changes were positive for 127/253 (50%) of studies; only 112/253 (44%) were published. Efficacy studies and those with a favorable labeling change were more likely to be published. Of 100 studies resulting in important labeling changes, only 33 were published. Conclusions The pediatric exclusivity program has been successful in encouraging drug studies in children. However, the dissemination of these results in the peer-reviewed literature is limited. The results of these trials and future studies conducted for pediatric exclusivity should be published in peer-reviewed journals. Mechanisms to more widely disperse this information warrant further evaluation.

Benjamin, Daniel Kelly; Smith, Philip Brian; Murphy, M. Dianne; Roberts, Rosemary; Mathis, Lisa; Avant, Debbie; Califf, Robert M; Li, Jennifer S.

2009-01-01

210

Peer-review in a world with rational scientists: Toward selection of the average  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is widely believed that one of the virtues of peer review is that it provides a self-regulating selection mechanism for scientific work, papers and projects. Peer review as a selection mechanism is hard to evaluate in terms of its efficiency. Serious efforts to understand its strengths and weaknesses have not yet lead to conclusive answers. In theory peer review works if the involved parties (editors and referees) conform to a set of requirements, such as love for high quality science, objectiveness, and absence of biases, nepotism, friend and clique networks, selfishness, etc. If these requirements are violated, what is the effect on the selection of high quality work? We study this question with a simple agent based model. In particular we are interested in the effects of rational referees, who might not have any incentive to see high quality work other than their own published or promoted. We find that a small fraction of incorrect (selfish or rational) referees is sufficient to drastically lower the quality of the published (accepted) scientific standard. We determine the fraction for which peer review will no longer perform better than pure chance. Decline of quality of accepted scientific work is shown as a function of the fraction of rational and unqualified referees. We show how a simple quality-increasing policy of e.g. a journal can lead to additional loss in overall scientific quality, and how mutual support-networks of authors and referees deteriorate the system.

Thurner, S.; Hanel, R.

2011-12-01

211

Peer Review and Nuanced Power Structures: Writing and Learning within the Age of Connectivism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through a Foucauldian lens, this article examines the affordances and constraints of an online peer-review program in four special education English language arts classes in two New York City middle schools. Data from classroom observations, teacher interviews, and online student spaces and artifacts provide insight into the technologies of power…

Abrams, Sandra Schamroth

2013-01-01

212

Peer-Reviewed Research and Individualized Education Programs (IEPs): An Examination of Intent and Impact  

Microsoft Academic Search

The reauthorized Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) requires Individualized Education Program (IEP) teams to base the selection of special education, related services, and supplementary aids and services on peer-reviewed research (PRR) to the extent practicable. This article examines the intended purpose of the PRR provision and its impact on the development of IEPs. Intent is examined through the legislative

Susan Etscheidt; Christina M. Curran

2010-01-01

213

A Synthesis of the Peer-Reviewed Differential Bundle Functioning Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article was to present a synthesis of the peer-reviewed differential bundle functioning (DBF) research that has been conducted to date. A total of 16 studies were synthesized according to the following characteristics: tests used and learner groups, organizing principles used for developing bundles, DBF detection methods used,…

Banks, Kathleen

2013-01-01

214

Writing for Publication: An Analysis of 591 Articles in Five Journals Dealing with Information Technology in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents information about all articles published over three years in five different journals dealing with information technology in education. The researchers collected all 591 articles from these well-known journals. All articles were analyzed using a researcher-made matrix. Information gathered included descriptive information…

Axtell, Kulwadee; Chaffin, Amy J.; Aberasturi, Suzanne; Paone, Tina; Maddux, Cleborne

2007-01-01

215

Unavailability of online supplementary scientific information from articles published in major journals.  

PubMed

Printed articles increasingly rely on online supplements to store critical scientific information, but such data may eventually become unavailable. We checked the current availability of online supplementary scientific information published in six top-cited scientific journals (Science, Nature, Cell, New England Journal of Medicine, Lancet, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA). Here we show that in 4.7% and 9.6% of articles with online supplementary material, some of the supplements became unavailable within 2 and 5 years of their publication, respectively. PMID:16319137

Evangelou, Evangelos; Trikalinos, Thomas A; Ioannidis, John P A

2005-12-01

216

Biomedical research platforms and their influence on article submissions and journal rankings: An update.  

PubMed Central

After being indexed in 2006 in EMBASE/Excerpta Medica and Scopus, and later in Science Citation Index Expanded and Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition citation databases, Biochemia Medica launched a new web page and online manuscript submission system in 2010, and celebrated its first Impact Factor in the same year. Now, starting from the end of the 2011, the journal will also be indexed in PubMed/Medline, and this will contribute to increase the journal’s exposure and accessibility worldwide. This is an important breakthrough, which is expected to further increase the popularity of the journal, as well as the submission rate and citations. Although several tools are currently available as Web resources to retrieve scientific articles, whose functioning and basic criteria are thought to be rather similar, the functionality, coverage, notoriety and prominence may differ widely. The recent indexing of Biochemia Medica in PubMed/Medline has thereby given us the opportunity to provide a timely update on biomedical research platforms, their relationship with article submissions and journal rankings.

Lippi, Giuseppe; Favaloro, Emmanuel J; Simundic, Ana-Maria

2012-01-01

217

Journal of Air Transportation World Wide. Volume 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Journal of Air Transportation World Wide's (JATWW) mission is to provide the global community immediate key resource information in all areas of air transportation. Our goal is to be recognized as the preeminent scholarly journal in the aeronautical aspects of transportation. As an international and interdisciplinary journal, the JATWW will provide a forum for peer-reviewed articles in all areas of aviation and space transportation research, policy, theory, case study, practice, and issues. While maintaining a broad scope, a key focal point of the journal will be in the area of aviation administration and policy.

Bowen, Brent (Editor)

1997-01-01

218

Journal of Air Transportation World Wide. Volume 3  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Journal of Air Transportation World Wide's (JATWW) mission is to provide the global community immediate key resource information in all areas of air transportation. Our goal is to be recognized as the preeminent scholarly journal in the aeronautical aspects of transportation. As an international and interdisciplinary journal, the JATWW will provide a forum for peer-reviewed articles in all areas of aviation and space transportation research, policy, theory, case study, practice, and issues. While maintaining a broad scope, a focal point of the journal will be in the area of aviation administration and policy.

Bowen, Brent D. (Editor)

1998-01-01

219

Perilous terra incognita-open-access journals.  

PubMed

The author focuses on a new rapidly spreading practice of publication in open-access journals. The pros and cons of open-access journals are discussed. Publishing in these journals may be cost prohibitive for educators and junior faculty members. Some authors may be lured by the ease of publishing in open-access journals (and their, at times, inflated self-description, e.g., "international", "scientific"), and their possibly valuable contributions will escape the attention of Academic Psychiatry readership in the vast sea of open-access journals. The readership may be flooded with a large number of low-quality articles (maybe not even properly peer-reviewed) from open-access journals. It may take some time to sort out what is and what is not relevant and useful. Open-access publishing represents a problematic and controversial practice and may be associated with a conflict of interest for the editors and publishers of these journals. PMID:24519801

Balon, Richard

2014-04-01

220

Journal Articles as Case Studies--The New England Journal of Medicine on Breast Cancer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a case study on breast cancer and the access to adequate medical care to help demonstrate the use of the case study method in instruction. This is one of a series of articles written to stimulate interest in the use of the case study method in teaching undergraduate level science. (ZWH)

Herreid, Clyde Freeman

1994-01-01

221

The More You Know: The Impact of Publication and Peer-Review Experience on Psychology Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The New School Psychology Bulletin (NSPB) is a peer-reviewed journal operated by clinical psychology graduate students. Forty-four members of the editorial board and 27 authors were surveyed before and after working with NSPB. Results of the survey demonstrated that experience with the publication process resulted in quantitative decreases in…

Doran, Jennifer M.; Somerville, William; Harlem-Siegel, Jessica; Steele, Howard

2014-01-01

222

What Authors Need to Know About the Way Editors Think: Report From the Congress on Peer Review in Biomedical Publication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Editors of biomedical journals from around the world convened in Sep- tember 2001 in Barcelona, Spain, for the Fourth International Con- gress on Peer Review in Biomedi- cal Publication. For 3 days, discus- sions centered around editors defin- ing their role in maintaining the in- tegrity of content of medical jour- nals and presentations of research studies on publication bias.

Anne Victoria Neale

223

Electronic Journal of Differential Equations (EJDE)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An electronic publication (e-journal) dealing with all aspects of differential equations (ODEs, PDEs, integral equations, functional differential equations, etc.), and their applications. The EJDE accepts only first-rate original work, subject to as rigid a peer review process as is applied by print journals. Articles are submitted electronically, refereed, and then provided to the mathematical community electronically. Printed copies of articles are kept at the U.S. Library of Congress, and at the Southwest Texas State University and University of North Texas libraries.

2007-12-13

224

Early Childhood Research & Practice: An Internet Journal on the Development, Care, and Education of Young Children, Fall 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early Childhood Research & Practice (ECRP), a peer-reviewed, Internet-only journal sponsored by the ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education (ERIC/EECE), covers topics related to the development, care, and education of children from birth to approximately age 8. ECRP emphasizes articles reporting on practice-related research…

Katz, Lilian G., Ed.; Rothenberg, Dianne, Ed.

1999-01-01

225

Early Childhood Research & Practice: An Internet Journal on the Development, Care, and Education of Young Children, Fall 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early Childhood Research and Practice (ECRP), a peer-reviewed, Internet-only journal sponsored by the ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education (ERIC/EECE), covers topics related to the development, care, and education of children from birth to approximately age 8. This issue of ECRP contains the following major articles: (1)…

Katz, Lilian G., Ed.; Rothenberg, Dianne, Ed.

2001-01-01

226

Interlibrary loan in US and Canadian health sciences libraries 2005: update on journal article use  

PubMed Central

Purpose: The authors analyzed 2.48 million interlibrary loan (ILL) requests entered in the National Library of Medicine's (NLM's) DOCLINE system from 3,234 US and Canadian medical libraries during fiscal year (FY) 2005 to study their distribution and nature and the journals in which requested articles were published. Methods: Data from DOCLINE and NLM's indexing system and online catalog were used to analyze all DOCLINE ILL transactions acted on from October 2004 to September 2005. The authors compared results from this analysis to previous data collected in FY 1992. Results: Overall ILL volume in the United States and Canada is at about the same level as FY 1992 despite marked growth in online searching, knowledge discovery tools, and journals available online. Over 21,000 unique journal titles and 1.4 million unique articles were used to fill 2.2 million ILL requests in FY 2005. Over 1 million of the articles were requested only once by any network library. Fifty-two percent (11,022) of journals had 5 or fewer requests for articles from all the years of a journal by all libraries in the network. Fifty-two percent of the articles requested were published within the most recent 5 years. Conclusion: The overall ILL profile in the libraries studied has changed little since FY 1992, notable given other changes in publishing. Small changes, however, may reveal developing trends. Total ILL traffic has been declining in recent years following a peak in 2002, and fewer of the articles requested were published in the most recent five years compared to requests from 1992.

Lacroix, Eve-Marie; Collins, Maria Elizabeth

2007-01-01

227

Reading Journal Articles for Comprehension Using Key Sentences: An Exercise for the Novice Research Student  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We have incorporated an active-learning assignment, Reading Papers Using Key Sentences, in an upper-level Introduction to Chemical Research course. Although key sentences are typically used to help authors write with clarity and organization, we have found that this assignment helps students improve upon and practice reading journal articles for…

Bennett, Nicole S.; Taubman, Brett F.

2013-01-01

228

Using BLAST for identifying gene and protein names in journal articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a system which automatically identifies gene and protein names in journal articles, an important and non-trivial first step in knowledge extraction of protein and gene actions. Our system uses a database of gene and protein names and is based on BLAST [Altschul et al., Nucleic Acids Res. 25 (1997) 3389–3402], a popular tool for DNA and protein sequence

Michael Krauthammer; Andrey Rzhetsky; Pavel Morozov; Carol Friedman

2000-01-01

229

Retaining Copyright in Journal Articles. CAUT Intellectual Property Advisory. Number 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this advisory is to assist academic staff in retaining copyright ownership in the articles they publish in journals. Without copyright ownership, academic staff can lose control of their own work and may no longer be entitled to email it to students and colleagues, post it on a personal or course web page, place it in an…

Canadian Association of University Teachers, 2008

2008-01-01

230

1970 MLA Abstracts of Articles in Scholarly Journals, Volume III: Linguistics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The third volume of an annual series following the arrangement of the "MLA International Bibliography" compiles selected abstracts of journal articles in the field of linguistics. Abstracts are classified under the following sections: general linguistics; theoretical and descriptive linguistics; comparative and historical linguistics;…

Fisher, John H., Comp.; Achtert, Walter S., Comp.

231

The Present Perfect in the Rhetorical Divisions of Biology and Biochemistry Journal Articles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of five biology and five biochemistry professional journal articles' use of the English present perfect tense revealed that both disciplines used the tense most frequently in the introduction and discussion sections, typically conveying the meaning of a past experience with current relevance. (CB)

Gunawardena, C. N.

1989-01-01

232

Academic Affiliations of Social Work Journal Article Authors, 2004-2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The researchers tabulated the academic affiliations of the authors of all articles published between 2004 and 2008 in 6 major social work journals to produce a ranking of the colleges and universities whose faculty made the most substantive contributions to the social work literature. The results of this analysis are compared with findings of 5…

Ligon, Jan; Cobb, Alicia; Thyer, Bruce

2012-01-01

233

Automatic Extraction of Gene and Protein Synonyms from MEDLINE and Journal Articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Genes and proteins are often associated with multiple names, and more names are added as new functional or s tructural information is discovered. Because authors often alternate between these synonyms, information retrieval and extraction benefits from identifying these synonymous names. We have developed a method to extract automatically synonymous gene and protein names from MEDLINE and journal articles. We first

Hong Yu; Vasileios Hatzivassiloglou; Carol Friedman; Andrey Rzhetsky; W. John Wilbur

2002-01-01

234

Effects of Text Structure Instruction on Foreign Language Readers' Recall of a Scientific Journal Article.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the effects on comprehension of instructing native English speakers in the organization of a scientific journal article written in French. Finds a significant main effect for instruction in text structure when the text was in canonical experimental report order and no significant difference when the text order was scrambled. (RS)

Davis, James N.; And Others

1988-01-01

235

Portraits of Our Mentoring Experiences in Learning to Craft Journal Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tenure demands for scholarship and publication are increasing, with relatively little research on mentoring junior faculty and less on mentoring to craft journal articles. This qualitative self-study of mentoring experiences of three junior faculty members and their experienced mentor used portraiture methodology to address the research question,…

Cohen, Leonora M.; Cowin, Kathleen; Ciechanowski, Kathryn; Orozco, Richard

2012-01-01

236

Discourse Research in Mathematics Education: A Critical Evaluation of 108 Journal Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been increased engagement in studying discourse in the field of mathematics education. But what exactly is a discourse, and how do researchers go about analyzing discourses? This study examines 108 articles from 6 international journals in mathematics education by asking questions such as these: In which traditions and in relation to…

Ryve, Andreas

2011-01-01

237

Peer reviewing critical care: a pragmatic approach to quality management  

PubMed Central

Critical care medicine frequently involves decisions and measures that may result in significant consequences for patients. In particular, mistakes may directly or indirectly derive from daily routine processes. In addition, consequences may result from the broader pharmaceutical and technological treatment options, which frequently involve multidimensional aspects. The increasing complexity of pharmaceutical and technological properties must be monitored and taken into account. Besides the presence of various disciplines involved, the provision of 24-hour care requires multiple handovers of significant information each day. Immediate expert action that is well coordinated is just as important as a professional handling of medicine's limitations. Intensivists are increasingly facing professional quality management within the ICU (Intensive Care Unit). This article depicts a practical and effective approach to this complex topic and describes external evaluation of critical care according to peer reviewing processes, which have been successfully implemented in Germany and are likely to gain in significance.

Braun, Jan-Peter; Bause, Hanswerner; Bloos, Frank; Geldner, Gotz; Kastrup, Marc; Kuhlen, Ralf; Markewitz, Andreas; Martin, Jorg; Mende, Hendrik; Quintel, Michael; Steinmeier-Bauer, Klaus; Waydhas, Christian; Spies, Claudia

2010-01-01

238

Türkçe Makalelerin Dergilere Da˜ ilimi ve Bradford Yasasi* Scatter of Turkish Articles to Journals and the Bradford Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bibliometric findings obtained through the analyses of articles published in journals are used to create scientific and technological road maps and to develop collection management policies in libraries. Yet such analytical studies reviewing the bibliometric characteristics of Turkish articles are scarce. This paper tests if the distribution of some 518,000 Turkish articles to journals conforms to the Bradford Law. Data

Yaar Tonta

239

Electronic Journal of Human Sexuality  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Electronic Journal of Human Sexuality (EJHS), published by the Institute for Advanced Study of Human Sexuality, is a new peer-reviewed publication covering all aspects of human sexuality research. EJHS provides abstracts and the full text of research articles, doctoral dissertations, conference papers and posters, and general interest articles. Some of the content of the inaugural volume includes Sexological Interviewing Techniques by Janice Epp, PhD; The Meaning of Sex by Marty Klein, PhD; a research study on consent for sexual behavior by David S. Hall, PhD; and a study on the sexual lives of former nuns by Jacqueline "Fran" Fisher, PhD.

240

A Peer Review Process for Classroom Teaching  

PubMed Central

Objective Describe the planning, implementation, and faculty perceptions of a classroom peer-review process, including an evaluation tool. Design A process for peer evaluation of classroom teaching and its evaluation tool were developed and implemented by a volunteer faculty committee within our department. At the end of the year, all faculty members were asked to complete an online anonymous survey to evaluate the experience. Assessment The majority of faculty members either agreed or strongly agreed that the overall evaluation process was beneficial for both evaluators and for those being evaluated. Some areas of improvement related to the process and its evaluation tool also were identified. Summary The process of developing and implementing a peer-evaluation process for classroom teaching was found to be beneficial for faculty members, and the survey results affirmed the need and continuation of such a process.

Ragucci, Kelly R.; Lapointe, Marc

2009-01-01

241

Enhancing AstroInformatics and Science Discovery from Data in Journal Articles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Traditional methods of publishing scientific data and metadata in journal articles are in need of major upgrades to reach the full potential of astronomical databases and astroinformatics techniques to facilitate semi-automated, and eventually autonomous, methods of science discovery. I will review a growing collaboration involving the NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database (NED), the Astrophysics Data System (ADS), the Virtual Astronomical Observatory (VAO), the AAS Journals and IOP, and the Data Conservancy that is aimed toward transforming the methodology used to publish, capture and link data associated with astrophysics journal articles. We are planning a web-based workflow to assist astronomers during the publication of journal articles. The primary goals are to facilitate the application of structure and standards to (meta)data, reduce errors, remove ambiguities in the identification of astrophysical objects and regions of sky, capture and preserve the images and spectral data files used to make plots, and accelerate the ingestion of the data into relevant repositories, search engines and integration services. The outcome of this community wide effort will address a recent public policy mandate to publish scientific data in open formats to allow reproducibility of results and to facilitate new discoveries. Equally important, this work has the potential to usher in a new wave of science discovery based on seamless connectivity between data relationships that are continuously growing in size and complexity, and increasingly sophisticated data visualization and analysis applications.

Mazzarella, Joseph

2011-05-01

242

The vacuum shouts back: postpublication peer review on social media.  

PubMed

Social media has created new pathways for postpublication peer review, which regularly leads to corrections. Such online discussions are often resisted by authors and editors, however, and efforts to formalize postpublication peer review have not yet resonated with scientific communities. PMID:24742455

Faulkes, Zen

2014-04-16

243

TEACHING PEER REVIEW AND THE PROCESS OF SCIENTIFIC WRITING  

Microsoft Academic Search

any undergraduate and graduate students understand neither the process of scientific writing nor the significance of peer review. In response, some instructors have created writing assignments that teach or mimic parts of the scientific publishing process. However, none fully reproduced peer review and revision of papers together with the writing and publishing process from research to final, accepted draft. In

William H. Guilford

244

The impact of Patrick v. Burget on peer review.  

PubMed

In analyzing the effect of Patrick v. Burget upon peer review, the authors conclude that the decision was not "an atom bomb" and that physicians who wish to work for changes in state law to ensure the availability of the state action exemption for peer review actions will find substantial guidance in the decision. PMID:10290181

Gainer, P S; Miles, J J

1988-01-01

245

The impact of article titles on citation hits: an analysis of general and specialist medical journals  

PubMed Central

Objectives Most published articles are not cited and citation rates depend on many variables. We hypothesized that specific features of journal titles may be related to citation rates. Design We reviewed the title characteristics of the 25 most cited articles and the 25 least cited articles published in 2005 in general and specialist medical journals including the Lancet, BMJ and Journal of Clinical Pathology. The title length and construction were correlated to the number of times the papers have been cited to May 2009. Setting Retrospective review of a scientific database. Participants None. Main outcome measures Citation rate. Results The number of citations was positively correlated with the length of the title, the presence of a colon in the title and the presence of an acronym. Factors that predicted poor citation included reference to a specific country in the title. Conclusions These data suggest that the construction of an article title has a significant impact on frequently the paper is cited. We hypothesize that this may be related to the way electronic searches of the literature are undertaken.

Jacques, Thomas S; Sebire, Neil J

2010-01-01

246

Peer Review and the Web: The Implications of Electronic Peer Review for Biomedical Authors, Referees and Learned Society Publishers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces an Electronic Libraries (eLib) project--Electronic Submission and Peer Review (ESPERE), which examines cultural and technical problems of conducting electronic peer review for biomedical academics and learned-society publishers. Describes interviews with seven learned-society publishers, analysis of a questionnaire sent to 200 editorial…

Wood, D. J.

1998-01-01

247

Journal of Online Behavior  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Journal of Online Behavior (JOB) "is concerned with the empirical study of human behavior in the online environment, and with the impact of evolving communication and information technology upon individuals, groups, organizations, and society." The peer-reviewed articles cross science and social science disciplinary boundaries as well as geographical boundaries. The electronic version of the journal, which is available free of charge, includes an interactive discussion space. Some topics addressed in the articles and research reports include comparative media effects on communication processes and outcomes; social-cognitive dynamics and their effects presented by online interaction; temporal and longitudinal analyses of media influences and adaptation; and media usage and effects by and among ethnic and cultural groups. This site is also reviewed in the April 22, 2005 _NSDL MET Report_.

248

Justice Policy Journal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A publication of the Center on Juvenile & Criminal Justice, the Justice Policy Journal is an âÂÂinternational forum for researchers and policymakers to examine current justice issues and promote innovative policy solutions in a Web-based format that maintains the standards of an academic publication.â Every peer-reviewed article is available for free, and by clicking on the Archives link, visitors can access all articles published in the journal since the first volume from August 2001. Topics range from the rehabilitation of juvenile offenders through technology literacy programs, to the psychological aspects of living as an ex-convict, to police entrapment. This trusted resource would be very helpful to students planning a career in criminal justice and for educators to keep abreast of current criminal justice issues and research.

Macallair, Daniel; Shelden, Randall G., 1943-

2007-03-09

249

7 CFR 3415.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Establishment and operation of peer review groups. 3415.10...AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications...Establishment and operation of peer review groups. Subject...

2010-01-01

250

7 CFR 3415.10 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Establishment and operation of peer review groups. 3415.10...AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY RISK ASSESSMENT RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Scientific Peer Review of Research Grant Applications...Establishment and operation of peer review groups. Subject...

2009-01-01

251

Notice: PSPB articles by authors with retracted articles at PSPB or other journals: Stapel, Smeesters, and Sanna.  

PubMed

Numerous articles by the social psychologists Diederick Stapel, Dirk Smeesters, and Lawrence Sanna have been retracted in several different journals. The present notice reports the results of an investigation into papers authored or coauthored by these individuals, and published in Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, that have not been retracted. The status of these papers range from data confirmed as legitimate by coauthors to, in many cases, being unknown as to their legitimacy. Given the lack of information in the latter cases, there is insufficient basis to recommend retraction at this time. Researchers using the results of these papers in their own work are advised to take the information reported in this notice into account. PMID:24218519

Funder, David

2014-01-01

252

Women and Feminism in Technical CommunicationA Qualitative Content Analysis of Journal Articles Published in 1989 through 1997  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative content analysis identifies 40 articles about women and feminism published in five technical communication journals in a period of nine years, beginning with the publication of Mary Lay's award-winning “Interpersonal Conflict in Collaborative Writing” in 1989. Along with numeric trends about the frequency of articles about women and feminism in technical communication journals, this study also identifies major

ISABELLE THOMPSON

1999-01-01

253

Electronic Journal of Qualitative Theory of Differential Equations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Electronic Journal of Qualitative Theory of Differential Equations (EJQDTE) publishes peer-reviewed articles related to "the qualitative theory (stability, periodicity, soundness, etc.) of differential equations (ODE's, PDE's, integral equations, functional differential equations, etc.) and their applications." Proceedings of conferences are also available in the journal. Every three to four years, the EJQDTQ will publish the proceedings of the Colloquium of Qualitative Theory of Differential Equations organized by the Bolyai Institute. Journal volumes from 1998 and 1999 are currently available at the site.

1998-01-01

254

Nexus Journal: Architecture and Mathematics Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Nexus Network Journal is a peer-reviewed research journal on studies in architecture and mathematics. The publication, which comes out twice yearly, is divided into the following sections: Research Articles, Didactics, Geometer's Angle, Book and Article Reviews, Conference and Exhibit Reports, Virtual Library, Submission Guidelines, and Readers' Queries. Research articles address broad topics such as, "How Should We Study Architecture and Mathematics?" and more specific topics such as an analysis of Palladio's buildings. (Note that a few articles are in languages other than English.) The Didactics section includes articles on instructional issues and student projects related to studies of architecture and mathematics. The Geometer's Angle (TM) section includes musings of a featured "Geometer." Readers are invited to post queries and responses in the Readers' Queries section of the website. Orders placed for books through the Virtual Library help fund the Nexus Network Journal.

255

Journal Watch From ACE (Alliance For Clinical Education): Annual Review of Medical Education Articles in Internal Medicine Journals 2006–2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

This journal watch is sponsored by the Alliance for Clinical Education (ACE). The purpose of this article is to summarize medical education manuscripts from specialty journals that are important and relevant to educators across specialties. Specialties included in our review were cardiology, gastroenterology, general internal medicine, pulmonology, nephrology, hematology and oncology, endocrinology, rheumatology, infectious disease, and neurology. We are grateful

Steven J. Durning; Liselotte N. Dyrbye; Alex J. Mechaber; Matthew R. Thomas; Melissa Fischer; Kevin OBrien; Elizabeth A. Baker; Michael J. Battistone; Matthew Mintz; Dario Torre; Andrew R. Hoellein

2009-01-01

256

Alternatives to Peer Review: Novel Approaches for Research Evaluation  

PubMed Central

In this paper we review several novel approaches for research evaluation. We start with a brief overview of the peer review, its controversies, and metrics for assessing efficiency and overall quality of the peer review. We then discuss five approaches, including reputation-based ones, that come out of the research carried out by the LiquidPub project and research groups collaborated with LiquidPub. Those approaches are alternative or complementary to traditional peer review. We discuss pros and cons of the proposed approaches and conclude with a vision for the future of the research evaluation, arguing that no single system can suit all stakeholders in various communities.

Birukou, Aliaksandr; Wakeling, Joseph Rushton; Bartolini, Claudio; Casati, Fabio; Marchese, Maurizio; Mirylenka, Katsiaryna; Osman, Nardine; Ragone, Azzurra; Sierra, Carles; Wassef, Aalam

2011-01-01

257

Alternatives to peer review: novel approaches for research evaluation.  

PubMed

In this paper we review several novel approaches for research evaluation. We start with a brief overview of the peer review, its controversies, and metrics for assessing efficiency and overall quality of the peer review. We then discuss five approaches, including reputation-based ones, that come out of the research carried out by the LiquidPub project and research groups collaborated with LiquidPub. Those approaches are alternative or complementary to traditional peer review. We discuss pros and cons of the proposed approaches and conclude with a vision for the future of the research evaluation, arguing that no single system can suit all stakeholders in various communities. PMID:22174702

Birukou, Aliaksandr; Wakeling, Joseph Rushton; Bartolini, Claudio; Casati, Fabio; Marchese, Maurizio; Mirylenka, Katsiaryna; Osman, Nardine; Ragone, Azzurra; Sierra, Carles; Wassef, Aalam

2011-01-01

258

Peer Review of Teaching Project (PRTP)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Peer Review of Teaching Project (PRTP) provides faculty with a structured and practical model that combines inquiry into the intellectual work of a course, careful investigation of student understanding and performance, and faculty reflection on teaching effectiveness. Begun in 1994, the PRTP has engaged hundreds of faculty members from numerous universities. In 2005, the project was awarded a TIAA-CREF Theodore M. Hesburgh Award Certificate of Excellence in recognition of it being an exceptional faculty development program designed to enhance undergraduate student achievement. Faculty are invited to become part of the national community exploring how to document the intellectual work of postsecondary teaching. This website is designed to serve as an international repository for course portfolios written by faculty who teach at postsecondary institutions. Faculty are welcome to archive their course portfolio on this site so that their work can be shared, used, and reviewed by other faculty. Faculty are also encouraged to write a review for any of the course portfolios in the repository.

2010-06-23

259

The association between a journal's source of revenue and the drug recommendations made in the articles it publishes  

PubMed Central

Background There is evidence to suggest that pharmaceutical companies influence the publication and content of research papers. Most German physicians rely on journals for their continuing medical education. We studied the influence of pharmaceutical advertising on the drug recommendations made in articles published in 11 German journals that focus on continuing medical education. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study of all of the issues of 11 journals published in 2007. Only journals frequently read by general practitioners were chosen. Issues were screened for pharmaceutical advertisements and recommendations made in the editorial content for a specified selection of drugs. Each journal was rated on a five-point scale according to the strength with which it either recommended or discouraged the use of these drugs. We looked for differences in these ratings between free journals (i.e., those financed entirely by pharmaceutical advertising), journals with mixed sources of revenue and journals financed solely by subscription fees. The journals were also screened for the simultaneous appearance of advertisements and recommendations for the same drug within a certain period, which was adjusted for both journal and class of drug. Results We identified 313 issues containing at least one advertisement for the selected drugs and 412 articles in which drug recommendations were made. Free journals were more likely to recommend the specified drugs than journals with sources of revenue that were mixed or based solely on subscriptions. The simultaneous appearance of advertisements and recommendations for the same drug in the same issue of a journal showed an inconsistent association. Interpretation Free journals almost exclusively recommended the use of the specified drugs, whereas journals financed entirely with subscription fees tended to recommend against the use of the same drugs. Doctors should be aware of this bias in their use of material published in medical journals that focus on continuing medical education.

Becker, Annette; Dorter, Fatma; Eckhardt, Kirsten; Viniol, Annika; Baum, Erika; Kochen, Michael M.; Lexchin, Joel; Wegscheider, Karl; Donner-Banzhoff, Norbert

2011-01-01

260

GetItFull - A Tool for Downloading and Pre-processing Full-Text Journal Articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Automated analysis of full-text life science research articles and technical documents is becoming increasingly important. In contrast to abstracts, accessing\\u000a and processing full-text is considerably more complex. GetItFull is a tool for downloading and pre-processing full-text journal\\u000a articles. GetItFull automatically connects to a journal’s Web site, downloads the journal content and performs various commonly\\u000a used pre-processing steps. The output comprises

Jeyakumar Natarajan; Cliff Haines; Brian Berglund; Catherine Desesa; Catherine J. Hack; Werner Dubitzky; Eric G. Bremer

2006-01-01

261

Manuscript rejection: how to submit a revision and tips on being a good peer reviewer.  

PubMed

Many instructional guides have been published on how to write scientific papers. Likewise, many published articles have focused on the reasons why submitted manuscripts are rejected. However, fewer publications have been presented to guide authors on how to address reviewers' comments in a manuscript revision. Even fewer counsel authors on how to deal with a rejection decision. In this article, the authors present a literature review on the strategies to get a manuscript accepted, despite an initial unfavorable review. The authors share their experience with addressing reviewers' comments to get a manuscript accepted and published. Finally, the authors discuss the process of peer review and offer tips on how to be an effective peer reviewer. PMID:24675196

Kotsis, Sandra V; Chung, Kevin C

2014-04-01

262

42 CFR 67.103 - Peer review of contract proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...103 Section 67.103 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING AGENCY FOR HEALTH CARE POLICY AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Peer Review of Contracts for Health...

2009-10-01

263

Clinical peer review program self-evaluation for US hospitals.  

PubMed

Prior research has shown wide variation in clinical peer review program structure, process, governance, and perceived effectiveness. This study sought to validate the utility of a Peer Review Program Self-Evaluation Tool as a potential guide to physician and hospital leaders seeking greater program value. Data from 330 hospitals show that the total score from the self-evaluation tool is strongly associated with perceived quality impact. Organizational culture also plays a significant role. When controlling for these factors, there was no evidence of benefit from a multispecialty review process. Physicians do not generally use reliable methods to measure clinical performance. A high rate of change since 2007 has not produced much improvement. The Peer Review Program Self-Evaluation Tool reliably differentiates hospitals along a continuum of perceived program performance. The full potential of peer review as a process to improve the quality and safety of care has yet to be realized. PMID:20733206

Edwards, Marc T

2010-01-01

264

Computer-Mediated Peer Review of Student Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Barriers to peer review of student work can be overcome using computer-mediated systems ranging from customized software to e-mail, multiuser object-oriented systems (MOOs), and Web-based projects. (SK)

Sullivan, Dave; Brown, Carol E.; Nielson, Norma L.

1998-01-01

265

42 CFR 67.103 - Peer review of contract proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...fields, or specific health care issues; and (5) Appropriate representation based on gender, racial/ethnic origin, and geography, to the extent practicable. (d) Term of peer review group members. Notwithstanding section 922(c)(3)...

2013-10-01

266

42 CFR 67.15 - Peer review of applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...fields, or specific health care issues; and (v) Appropriate representation based on gender, racial/ethnic origin, and geography. (3) Review by the peer review group under paragraph (a) of this section is conducted by using the criteria set...

2013-10-01

267

42 CFR 52h.4 - Composition of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS AND RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT PROJECTS § 52h.4...which the individual has engaged in relevant research, the capacities (e.g., principal...

2012-10-01

268

Digital Journal of Ophthalmology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Digital Journal of Ophthalmology (DJO) is a peer reviewed journal based at Harvard University designed to serve as "a valuable resource for ophthalmologists, other health care providers, vision scientists, and patients throughout the world." On the site's homepage, visitor can look over Grand Rounds, Original Articles, and Case Reports. The Grand Rounds area brings together reports from the world of ophthalmology, which can be most useful to those in the field. The site also contains a range of editorials, and visitors are encouraged to register with the DJO to receive personalized updates. The Knowledge Review section provides a series of quizzes for ophthalmologists on relevant topics such as glaucoma or pathology. Finally, the Patient Information area contains materials for laypeople on topics such as laser vision correction.

2012-01-01

269

The academic welfare state: making peer-review count.  

PubMed

The peer-review process is a central pillar of academic publishing. However, the work that goes into ensuring the quality of published content is rarely recognised. Here we present a correction factor for the h-index, one of the most popular metrics for quantifying academic output, that will allow for the inclusion of peer-review effort in the evaluation of the outputs produced by an academic. PMID:23932409

Veríssimo, Diogo; Roberts, David L

2013-11-01

270

The Matthew effect in environmental science publication: A bibliometric analysis of chemical substances in journal articles  

PubMed Central

Background While environmental research addresses scientific questions of possible societal relevance, it is unclear to what degree research focuses on environmental chemicals in need of documentation for risk assessment purposes. Methods In a bibliometric analysis, we used SciFinder to extract Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) numbers for chemicals addressed by publications in the 78 major environmental science journals during 2000-2009. The Web of Science was used to conduct title searches to determine long-term trends for prominent substances and substances considered in need of research attention. Results The 119,636 journal articles found had 760,056 CAS number links during 2000-2009. The top-20 environmental chemicals consisted of metals, (chlorinated) biphenyls, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, benzene, and ethanol and contributed 12% toward the total number of links- Each of the top-20 substances was covered by 2,000-10,000 articles during the decade. The numbers for the 10-year period were similar to the total numbers of pre-2000 articles on the same chemicals. However, substances considered a high priority from a regulatory viewpoint, due to lack of documentation, showed very low publication rates. The persistence in the scientific literature of the top-20 chemicals was only weakly related to their publication in journals with a high impact factor, but some substances achieved high citation rates. Conclusions The persistence of some environmental chemicals in the scientific literature may be due to a 'Matthew' principle of maintaining prominence for the very reason of having been well researched. Such bias detracts from the societal needs for documentation on less well known environmental hazards, and it may also impact negatively on the potentials for innovation and discovery in research.

2011-01-01

271

New journal: Algorithms for Molecular Biology.  

PubMed

This editorial announces Algorithms for Molecular Biology, a new online open access journal published by BioMed Central. By launching the first open access journal on algorithmic bioinformatics, we provide a forum for fast publication of high-quality research articles in this rapidly evolving field. Our journal will publish thoroughly peer-reviewed papers without length limitations covering all aspects of algorithmic data analysis in computational biology. Publications in Algorithms for Molecular Biology are easy to find, highly visible and tracked by organisations such as PubMed. An established online submission system makes a fast reviewing procedure possible and enables us to publish accepted papers without delay. All articles published in our journal are permanently archived by PubMed Central and other scientific archives. We are looking forward to receiving your contributions. PMID:16722576

Morgenstern, Burkhard; Stadler, Peter F

2006-01-01

272

The characteristics of peer reviewers who produce good-quality reviews  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the characteristics of good peer reviewers.Design: Cross-sectional analysis of data gathered during a randomized controlled trial.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Setting: The Journal of General Internal Medicine.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Participants: 226 reviewers of 131 consecutively submitted manuscripts of original research. 201 (91%) completed the review and submitted\\u000a a curriculum vitae.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Measurements and main results: The quality of each review was judged on a

Arthur T. Evans; Robert A. Mcnutt; Suzanne W. Fletcher; Robert H. Fletcher

1993-01-01

273

The 60 most highly cited articles published in the Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare and Telemedicine Journal and E-health.  

PubMed

We analysed the most highly cited articles in two specialist telemedicine journals, the Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare (JTT) and Telemedicine Journal and E-health (TJEH). Articles were extracted from the Science Citation Index Expanded in September 2012. A total of 1810 articles were listed for the JTT and 1550 for TJEH. In the JTT, the mean number of citations was 43 (SD 13); in TJEH the mean number of citations was 30 (SD 11). The average number of citations for the JTT was significantly higher than for TJEH (P?journal, the 60 articles which had the most citations were identified as highly cited publications (HCPs). The 60 HCPs in the JTT originated from 16 countries; the 60 HCPs in TJEH originated from 10 countries. Considering both journals together, the majority of HCPs came from the US, UK, Australia and Canada. In the JTT, the mean number of authors for each HCP was 4.6 (SD?=?3.1); in TJEH, the mean number of authors for each HCP was 4.5 (SD?=?2.3). There was no difference between the two journals (P?=?0.84) and the characteristics of the HCPs published in the JTT and TJEH were broadly similar. Although HCPs are not a direct method of measuring quality, they are an indicator of the scientific impact of the articles. PMID:24414396

Askari, Azam; Khodaie, Mahdieh; Bahaadinbeigy, Kambiz

2014-01-01

274

Full Journal Articles in the ADS Astrophysics Science Information and Abstract Service  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Astrophysics Data System has extended its bibliographics service, the Astrophysics Science Information and Abstract Service (ASIAS) to include bitmaps of full articles from the Astronomical Journal, the Astrophysical Journal and the Astrophysical Journal Letters. Once permissions are arranged, we plan to provide bitmaps from 1975 to near real time for the ApJL. For the AJ and ApJ we plan to provide bitmaps from 1975 to either one or two years after publication. We currently have 3 versions of the bitmaps: A GIF version with 75 dpi resolution for viewing on a computer screen. These bitmaps can be transferred and displayed quickly and are readable on a screen. However, they are not well suited for printing. A PostScript version with 150 dpi resolution. This version can be printed quickly, typically a few minutes for a Letter, and is of sufficient quality for most purposes. A TIFF-G4 compressed version with 600 dpi resolution. These bitmaps have the full resolution of the scanner and can be used to print plots and plates. They are large, take long to transfer and will not print on all printers. We will have some conversion software for printing these files on PostScript Level 2 compatible printers. The bitmaps are accessible from the ASIAS through hyperlinks in the corresponding abstracts. They are also available directly through a WWW interface. The ASIAS is accessible at: http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html

Eichhorn, G.; Kurtz, M. J.; Accomazzi, A.; Grant, C. S.; Murray, S. S.

1994-12-01

275

ScienceCentral: open access full-text archive of scientific journals based on Journal Article Tag Suite regardless of their languages  

PubMed Central

ScienceCentral, a free or open access, full-text archive of scientific journal literature at the Korean Federation of Science and Technology Societies, was under test in September 2013. Since it is a Journal Article Tag Suite-based full text database, extensible markup language files of all languages can be presented, according to Unicode Transformation Format 8-bit encoding. It is comparable to PubMed Central: however, there are two distinct differences. First, its scope comprises all science fields; second, it accepts all language journals. Launching ScienceCentral is the first step for free access or open access academic scientific journals of all languages to leap to the world, including scientific journals from Croatia.

Huh, Sun

2013-01-01

276

ScienceCentral: open access full-text archive of scientific journals based on Journal Article Tag Suite regardless of their languages.  

PubMed

ScienceCentral, a free or open access, full-text archive of scientific journal literature at the Korean Federation of Science and Technology Societies, was under test in September 2013. Since it is a Journal Article Tag Suite-based full text database, extensible markup language files of all languages can be presented, according to Unicode Transformation Format 8-bit encoding. It is comparable to PubMed Central: however, there are two distinct differences. First, its scope comprises all science fields; second, it accepts all language journals. Launching ScienceCentral is the first step for free access or open access academic scientific journals of all languages to leap to the world, including scientific journals from Croatia. PMID:24266292

Huh, Sun

2013-01-01

277

Gauging the impact of Forensic Science International: Genetics-Citation metrics for top articles in the journal.  

PubMed

Using the Thomson Reuters' Web of Knowledge bibliometric tool enables the analysis of citation patterns for the articles published in FSI: Genetics since it was launched. This brief survey identifies the most cited articles published by the journal since its inception and amongst these, the most impactful original research articles: those showing the highest citation rates per year since their publication. PMID:24631269

Phillips, Chris

2014-07-01

278

The Development of Open Access Journal Publishing from 1993 to 2009  

PubMed Central

Open Access (OA) is a model for publishing scholarly peer reviewed journals, made possible by the Internet. The full text of OA journals and articles can be freely read, as the publishing is funded through means other than subscriptions. Empirical research concerning the quantitative development of OA publishing has so far consisted of scattered individual studies providing brief snapshots, using varying methods and data sources. This study adopts a systematic method for studying the development of OA journals from their beginnings in the early 1990s until 2009. Because no comprehensive index of OA articles exists, systematic manual data collection from journal web sites was conducted based on journal-level data extracted from the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ). Due to the high number of journals registered in the DOAJ, almost 5000 at the time of the study, stratified random sampling was used. A separate sample of verified early pioneer OA journals was also studied. The results show a very rapid growth of OA publishing during the period 1993–2009. During the last year an estimated 191 000 articles were published in 4769 journals. Since the year 2000, the average annual growth rate has been 18% for the number of journals and 30% for the number of articles. This can be contrasted to the reported 3,5% yearly volume increase in journal publishing in general. In 2009 the share of articles in OA journals, of all peer reviewed journal articles, reached 7,7%. Overall, the results document a rapid growth in OA journal publishing over the last fifteen years. Based on the sampling results and qualitative data a division into three distinct periods is suggested: The Pioneering years (1993–1999), the Innovation years (2000–2004), and the Consolidation years (2005–2009).

Laakso, Mikael; Welling, Patrik; Bukvova, Helena; Nyman, Linus; Bjork, Bo-Christer; Hedlund, Turid

2011-01-01

279

Using Web-Based Discussion Forums as a Model of the Peer-Review Process and a Tool for Assessment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Teaching Resource describes how to use an online asynchronous discussion as a mechanism to introduce students to the peer-review process, as well as to assess student performance and understanding. This method was applied to a graduate course on signal transduction and the Teaching Resource includes a syllabus, detailed plan for incorporating the online discussion, sample journal club questions, and sample student responses to the discussion forum, faculty responses, and student revisions.

Sherry L. Jenkins (Mount Sinai School of Medicine;Department of Pharmacology and Systems Therapeutics REV); Ravi Iyengar (Mount Sinai School of Medicine;Department of Pharmacology and Systems Therapeutics REV); Maria A. Diverse-Pierluissi (Mount Sinai School of Medicine;Department of Pharmacology and Systems Therapeutics REV); Andrew M. Chan (Mount Sinai School of Medicine;Department of Oncological Sciences REV); Lakshmi A. Devi (Mount Sinai School of Medicine;Department of Pharmacology and Systems Therapeutics REV); Eric A. Sobie (Mount Sinai School of Medicine;Department of Pharmacology and Systems Therapeutics REV)

2008-03-04

280

Co-publication with Journal of Physics: Conference Series  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 11th European Conference on Applied Superconductivity (EUCAS'13) was held on 15–19 September 2013 in Genoa, Italy. A selection of papers, invited by the conference organisers and peer reviewed by the journal, are published here in a special issue of Superconductor Science and Technology. The proceedings, after peer review, are published in Journal of Physics: Conference Series.

2014-04-01

281

A bibliometric study of the trend in articles related to epidemiology published in occupational health journals.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES--To study the role assumed by epidemiology in occupational health literature and characterise its change over the years. METHODS--A bibliometric study was conducted with a MEDLINE search to evaluate 9024 articles published in eight representative occupational health journals for the period 1980-93. Articles related to epidemiology were found by descriptors indexed in the articles and their numbers and proportions among all published articles was tabulated for the study period. RESULTS--The proportion of source items indexed by epidemiology as a descriptor increased over threefold from 7.9% (42/534) in 1980 to over 25% after 1990. Epidemiology was indexed most frequently as a subheading associated with other descriptors-for example, occupational diseases-epidemiology. Cohort studies had the largest increase in the descriptors that indicated epidemiological type of studies during the period studied. CONCLUSION--Epidemiology is assuming increasing importance in occupational health literature. This was shown quantitatively and qualitatively by the use of descriptors in the MEDLINE database.

Takahashi, K; Hoshuyama, T; Ikegami, K; Itoh, T; Higashi, T; Okubo, T

1996-01-01

282

Build infrastructure in publishing scientific journals to benefit medical scientists  

PubMed Central

There is urgent need for medical journals to optimize their publishing processes and strategies to satisfy the huge need for medical scientists to publish their articles, and then obtain better prestige and impact in scientific and research community. These strategies include optimizing the process of peer-review, utilizing open-access publishing models actively, finding ways of saving costs and getting revenue, smartly dealing with research fraud or misconduct, maintaining sound relationship with pharmaceutical companies, and managing to provide relevant and useful information for clinical practitioners and researchers. Scientists, publishers, societies and organizations need to work together to publish internationally renowned medical journals.

Dai, Ni; Xu, Dingyao; Zhong, Xiyao; Li, Li; Ling, Qibo

2014-01-01

283

Looking for the impact of peer review: does count of funding acknowledgements really predict research impact?  

PubMed

A small number of studies have sought to establish that research papers with more funding acknowledgements achieve higher impact and have claimed that such a link exists because research supported by more funding bodies undergoes more peer review. In this paper, a test of this link is made using recently available data from the Web of Science, a source of bibliographic data that now includes funding acknowledgements. The analysis uses 3,596 papers from a single year, 2009, and a single journal, the Journal of Biological Chemistry. Analysis of this data using OLS regression and two ranks tests reveals the link between count of funding acknowledgements and high impact papers to be statistically significant, but weak. It is concluded that count of funding acknowledgements should not be considered a reliable indicator of research impact at this level. Relatedly, indicators based on assumptions that may hold true at one level of analysis may not be appropriate at other levels. PMID:23704798

Rigby, John

2013-01-01

284

Interventions for Learning Disabilities: Does a Journal-Based Change in Focus and Article Type Reflect or Influence Legal Mandates?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigated whether there was a noticeable shift in focus from general to specific learning disabilities, and in the types of articles (narrative or empirically based) in the Journal of Learning Disabilities (JLD) between 1995 to 2000. A pilot study had revealed an increase in empirically based articles and a shift toward specifically…

McCleary, Daniel F.; Rowlette, Emily Fuller; Pelchar, Taylor K.; Bain, Sherry K.

2013-01-01

285

A FEMINIST CRITIQUE OF ARTICLES ABOUT WOMEN PUBLISHED IN THE COMMUNITY COLLEGE JOURNAL OF RESEARCH AND PRACTICE : 1990-2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

This feminist critique of articles published about women in the Journal of Community College Research and Practice from 1990 to 2000 considers the extent to which they use feminist literature, frameworks, and methodology. The authors interrogate these articles' findings and the implications drawn from them asking whether they serve feminist goals of social change, women's emancipation, and institutional transformation. The

Lynn Safarik; Jennifer R. Wolgemuth; Nathalie L. Kees

2003-01-01

286

The Journal for MultiMedia History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of History at the State University of New York at Albany has recently released the inaugural issue of The Journal for MultiMedia History, "the first peer-reviewed electronic journal that presents, evaluates, and disseminates multimedia scholarship." This new journal is an ambitious and much-welcomed departure from traditional academic historical publishing. The first issue explores three different intersections of multimedia and history scholarship and pedagogy. The feature articles, scholarly and engaging in themselves, make full use of the format by including numerous images and RealPlayer audio selections. The second section includes two articles exploring the impact and potential of the Internet in the history classroom, offering numerous links to examples. The third section of the issue consists of detailed and illustrated reviews of multimedia resources from the Internet, film, and video. Finally, the issue offers a selective collection of annotated links to related sites.

287

Special Article Situational study of seven Latin-American pulmonology journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To characterize the situation of pulmonology journals published in Latin America. Methods: A survey was conducted in a meeting sponsored by the Latin American Thoracic Society. Each journal editor presented a report and answered a questionnaire. Results: Improving information acquisition is the main motivation for pulmonology societies to edit their own journals, whereas disseminating medical knowledge and reporting experiences

Manuel Oyarzún Gómez; Alejandra Ramírez Venegas; Adalberto Agüero Fernández; José Antônio Baddini Martínez; Mary Bermúdez Gómez; Jorge O. Cáneva; Jaime E. Morales Blandir; Rogelio Pérez-Padilla

2007-01-01

288

New England journal of medicine article evaluating the usefulness of meniscectomy is flawed.  

PubMed

A controversial article was recently published in the New England Journal of Medicine titled "Arthroscopic Partial Meniscectomy Versus Sham Surgery for a Degenerative Meniscal Tear" by Sihvonen et al. We believe that readers of this article should be careful about making sweeping generalizations regarding the study findings given several methodologic flaws inherent in the population studied. There are significant concerns regarding the generalizability of these data. The actual study sample group is exceedingly small as compared with the normal volume of meniscal surgery the authors are reported to routinely perform. The authors' definition of a sham procedure must be revisited. The authors' final conclusion that "arthroscopic partial meniscectomy is of no value" is simply not what the study found. We share the concerns that several other leading authorities have recently expressed about the societal implications of this work. Arthroscopic partial meniscectomy has revolutionized the way we are able to treat symptomatic meniscal pathology. However, this procedure, like all surgical procedures, must be properly indicated to truly benefit our patients. PMID:24642105

Elattrache, Neal; Lattermann, Christian; Hannon, Michael; Cole, Brian

2014-05-01

289

Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine  

PubMed Central

Contributing reviewers A peer-reviewed journal would not survive without the generous time and insightful comments of the reviewers, whose efforts often go unrecognized. Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine has been blessed by the support of highly-qualified peer reviewers, and the Editor-in-Chief, Bjorn Olsen, and staff of the journal would like to show their appreciation by thanking the following for their invaluable assistance with review of manuscripts for the journal in Volume 12 (2013).

2014-01-01

290

Investigating Mandatory Peer Review of Teaching In Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Accountability agendas are influencing the secondary education sector in Australian schools. Analysis of student achievement, student feedback mechanisms and personal reflection are forming part of these agendas as methods of teacher evaluation. Additionally, and more recently, teacher evaluation through "peer review" is emerging as a…

Brix, Jacinta; Grainger, Peter; Hill, Angela

2014-01-01

291

Peer Review: The Importance of Education for Best Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of teaching is expected by an increasingly skeptical public that wants those in higher education to contain costs, increase access, and teach in ways that make sure students learn. An integral and under-used component of documenting teaching effectiveness is peer review. A framework for best practice to ensure a systematic and…

Goldberg, Lynette R.; Parham, Douglas F.; Coufal, Kathy L.; Maeda, Masako; Scudder, Rosalind R.; Sechtem, Phillip R.

2010-01-01

292

Collaborative Learning through Formative Peer Review with Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a collaboration between a mathematician and a compositionist who developed a sequence of collaborative writing assignments for calculus. This sequence of developmentally appropriate assignments presents peer review as a collaborative process that promotes reflection, deepens understanding, and improves exposition. First, we…

Eaton, Carrie Diaz; Wade, Stephanie

2014-01-01

293

Successful peer review of courses: a case study.  

PubMed

The authors describe their school's system of peer review for courses, established in 1988 to facilitate faculty evaluation and continual course and curriculum improvement. (The system has been temporarily suspended while the school's new curriculum becomes established.) They explain how the system was created and then report how faculty reviews of courses over the five-year operation of the system compared with students' reviews of the same courses. The faculty and students' ratings were in agreement 75% of the time. When not in agreement, the students' ratings tended to upgrade courses that were not very demanding, had easy grading, and emphasized clinical details, often at the expense of basic concepts and the big picture. The authors then document how the work of the peer review system favorably influenced the transformation of the school's curriculum. They also provide guidelines for the creation and operation of a course review process that uses faculty peers. The authors maintain that the peer review system worked because it was run by a committee of experienced and respected teachers who had been selected by their peers, the other faculty. Additional reasons for its success were that the school's faculty supported and respected the committee and its work, that course directors helped evaluate their courses, and that peer reviewers took their work seriously despite having no remuneration, and the clearly positive impact of the review system on faculty interaction, faculty-student interaction, and the reform of the curriculum. PMID:9526453

Horowitz, S; Van Eyck, S; Albanese, M

1998-03-01

294

Doing More with Less: Effective Research and Peer Review  

EPA Science Inventory

This short discourse is an excerpt from the Founders Award address presented by Dr. Ankley last fall at the Annual SETAC meeting in Tampa, FL. In it he discusses the importance of knowing when to quit pursuing a line of research, and the importance of peer review....

295

Independent peer review of nuclear safety computer codes  

SciTech Connect

A structured process of independent computer code peer review has been developed to assist the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the US Department of Energy in their nuclear safety missions. This paper focuses on the process that evolved during recent reviews of NRC codes.

Boyack, B.E.; Jenks, R.P.

1993-02-01

296

Independent peer review of nuclear safety computer codes  

SciTech Connect

A structured process of independent computer code peer review has been developed to assist the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the US Department of Energy in their nuclear safety missions. This paper focuses on the process that evolved during recent reviews of NRC codes.

Boyack, B.E.; Jenks, R.P.

1993-01-01

297

Rethinking Feedback Practices in Higher Education: A Peer Review Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review is a reciprocal process whereby students produce feedback reviews on the work of peers and receive feedback reviews from peers on their own work. Prior research has primarily examined the learning benefits that result from the receipt of feedback reviews, with few studies specifically exploring the merits of producing feedback reviews…

Nicol, David; Thomson, Avril; Breslin, Caroline

2014-01-01

298

Portfolio Peer Review: A Tool for Program Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To achieve cultural change in a business management/accounting department, annual peer review of faculty portfolios documenting teaching, advising, service, and scholarship was instituted. The process improved the department's alignment with the university's mission. Scholarly productivity quadrupled from 1998-2001. Portfolio assessment had little…

Fleak, Sandra K.; Romine, Jeff; Gilchrist, Neil

2003-01-01

299

Trans-NIH Regional Grant Writing & Scientific Peer Review Workshops  

Cancer.gov

CGH organizes The Regional Grant Writing & Scientific Peer Review Workshops in coordination with several Institutes and Centers across NIH to increase the participation of scientists from LMICs in the research grant process; develop strategies for sustainable research support and collaborations; and use competitive research as a tool to address global health issues.

300

A quick guide to writing a solid peer review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientific integrity and consensus rely on the peer review process, a defining feature of scientific discourse that subjects the literature forming the foundation of credible knowledge in a scientific field to rigorous scrutiny. However, there is surprisingly little training in graduate school on how to develop this essential skill [Zimmerman et al., 2011] or discussion of best practices to ensure

Kimberly A. Nicholas; Wendy S. Gordon

2011-01-01

301

Constructing the Components of a Lab Report Using Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A protocol that emphasizes lab report writing using a piecemeal approach coupled with peer review is described. As the lab course progresses, the focus of the report writing changes sequentially through the abstract and introduction, the discussion, and the procedure. Two styles of lab programs are presented. One style rotates the students through…

Berry, David E.; Fawkes, Kelli L.

2010-01-01

302

Quality Assurance in Packaging Design Through the Peer Review Process.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The formulation of a peer design review group, the method for accomplishing the study, and the organization and scope of the task are presented by using the recently accomplished TRUPACT preliminary design peer review as a case study. (ERA citation 08:034...

J. A. Andersen

1983-01-01

303

NIH Mulls Ways to Lure Back Veteran Peer Reviewers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Not long ago, academic scientists welcomed calls from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) asking them to volunteer as peer reviewers. Many were glad for the opportunity to help distribute billions of dollars in federal biomedical-research grants even though the service required a big time commitment--the equivalent of one month a year to…

Brainard, Jeffrey

2008-01-01

304

Open Peer-Review as Web's Self-Organization Force  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a novel system to support an ultimately open and scalable distributed collaborative Web categorization and ranking scheme that follows the quality ensuring peer-review spirit of academia and the Open Source movement. It is a categorization and ranking metadata standard with a unique efficient rank computation model that enables cooperative Web directory construction with automatic and democratic generation of

Maxim Lifantsev

305

76 FR 68518 - Request for Information: Public Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting From...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting From Federally Funded Research...access to the peer-reviewed scholarly publications that result from federally funded scientific...Force on Public Access to Scholarly Publications. Release Date: November 3,...

2011-11-04

306

76 FR 80418 - Request for Information: Public Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting From...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting From Federally Funded Research...access to the peer-reviewed scholarly publications that result from federally funded scientific...Force on Public Access to Scholarly Publications. Release Date: November 3,...

2011-12-23

307

7 CFR 3400.21 - Scientific peer review for research activities.  

... false Scientific peer review for research activities. 3400.21 Section 3400...INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SPECIAL RESEARCH GRANTS PROGRAM Peer and Merit Review...3400.21 Scientific peer review for research activities. Scientific peer...

2014-01-01

308

33 CFR 385.22 - Independent scientific review and external peer review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Florida may initiate an external peer review process to review documents...Reports shall be externally peer reviewed. (3) In accordance with § 385.31(b), draft assessment reports prepared for the adaptive...program shall be externally peer...

2009-07-01

309

33 CFR 385.22 - Independent scientific review and external peer review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Florida may initiate an external peer review process to review documents...Reports shall be externally peer reviewed. (3) In accordance with § 385.31(b), draft assessment reports prepared for the adaptive...program shall be externally peer...

2010-07-01

310

75 FR 18205 - Notice of Peer Review Meeting for the External Peer Review Drafts of Two Documents on Using...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Using Probabilistic Methods To Enhance the Role...contractor for external scientific peer review, will convene...Using Probabilistic Methods to Enhance the Role...and similar or related methods, and some examples...only reflect external scientific advice on how to...

2010-04-09

311

Research and Teaching: An Analysis of Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) in a Science Lecture Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) is an online tool being used to integrate a writing component in classrooms. In an introductory zoology lecture class, the authors found that CPR-assigned scores were significantly higher than instructor-assigned scores on two of three essay assignments. They also found that neither students' technical-writing skills nor their abilities to convey scientific understanding of articles through summary essays improved during the semester. However, the CPR system offered fairly simple setup and submission for students and decreased grading time for instructors.

Long, David A.; Gaffin, Douglas D.; Hoefnagels, Mari�lle H.; Walvoord, Mark E.; Chumchal, Matthew M.

2008-03-01

312

Predicting Academics' Willingness to Participate in Peer Review of Teaching: A Quantitative Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review of teaching is a collegial process designed to help academics reflect on and improve their teaching practice. Considerable research supports the value of peer review of teaching. However, uptake of voluntary programs is typically low. Few studies have examined the predictors of engagement in voluntary peer review. This study surveyed…

White, Kiri; Boehm, Emilia; Chester, Andrea

2014-01-01

313

Peer-review in a world with rational scientists: Toward selection of the average  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is widely believed that one of the virtues of peer review is that it provides a self-regulating selection mechanism for scientific work, papers and projects. Peer review as a selection mechanism is hard to evaluate in terms of its efficiency. Serious efforts to understand its strengths and weaknesses have not yet lead to conclusive answers. In theory peer review

S. Thurner; R. Hanel

2011-01-01

314

Quality in research and the significance of community assessment and peer review: education’s idiosyncrasy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Calls for the quality of educational research to be monitored more carefully are examined in the context of the most widely used and trusted form of quality screening, namely, that afforded by peer review. The serious limitations of peer review for this purpose, especially in education, are outlined before discussing the place of peer review publication in the construction of

Natasha Macnab; Gary Thomas

2007-01-01

315

SIMULATION OF A REACTING POLLUTANT PUFF USING AN ADAPTIVE GRID ALGORITHM: JOURNAL ARTICLE  

EPA Science Inventory

NRMRL-RTP-P- 525 Srivastava*, R.K., McRae, D.S., and Odman, M. Simulation of a Reacting Pollutant Puff Using an Adaptive Grid Algorithm. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres (2001). EPA-600/J-02/028, http://www.agu.org/journals/jd/. 07/19/2000 A new dynamic solution ada...

316

AN ANALYTICAL METHOD FOR THE MEASUREMENT OF NONVIABLE BIOAEROSOLS: JOURNAL ARTICLE  

EPA Science Inventory

NRMRL-RTP-P-526a Menetrez*, M.Y., Foarde, K.K., and Ensor, D.S. An Anilytical Method for the Measurement of Nonviable Bioaerosols. Journal of Air and Waste Management Association (Air and Waste Management Association) 51:1436-1442 (2001). EPA/600/J-01/344, Available: Journal of ...

317

Funding free and universal access to Journal of Neuroinflammation.  

PubMed

Journal of Neuroinflammation is an Open Access, online journal published by BioMed Central. Open Access publishing provides instant and universal availability of published work to any potential reader, worldwide, completely free of subscriptions, passwords, and charges. Further, authors retain copyright for their work, facilitating its dissemination. Open Access publishing is made possible by article-processing charges assessed "on the front end" to authors, their institutions, or their funding agencies. Beginning November 1, 2004, the Journal of Neuroinflammation will introduce article-processing charges of around US$525 for accepted articles. This charge will be waived for authors from institutions that are BioMed Central members, and in additional cases for reasons of genuine financial hardship. These article-processing charges pay for an electronic submission process that facilitates efficient and thorough peer review, for publication costs involved in providing the article freely and universally accessible in various formats online, and for the processes required for the article's inclusion in PubMed and its archiving in PubMed Central, e-Depot, Potsdam and INIST. There is no remuneration of any kind provided to the Editors-in-Chief, to any members of the Editorial Board, or to peer reviewers; all of whose work is entirely voluntary. Our article-processing charge is less than charges frequently levied by traditional journals: the Journal of Neuroinflammation does not levy any additional page or color charges on top of this fee, and there are no reprint costs as publication-quality pdf files are provided, free, for distribution in lieu of reprints. Our article-processing charge will enable full, immediate, and continued Open Access for all work published in Journal of Neuroinflammation. The benefits from such Open Access will accrue to readers, through unrestricted access; to authors, through the widest possible dissemination of their work; and to science and society in general, through facilitation of information availability and scientific advancement. PMID:15485579

Mrak, Robert E; Griffin, W Sue T

2004-10-14

318

The Evolutionary Nature of Genre: An Investigation of the Short Texts Accompanying Research Articles in the Scientific Journal "Nature"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present empirical analysis of the short texts accompanying research articles in the scientific journal "Nature" covering a period from 1991 to 2005, not only shows that these texts are significantly different from prescriptive models of abstracts, but that they have also recently undergone a further change. Up until 1996, in contrast to the…

Ayers, Gael

2008-01-01

319

A Meta-Study of "Journal of College Counseling" ("JCC") Author and Article Publication Characteristics from 1998 to 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Patterns of articles accepted for publication in the "Journal of College Counseling" from the past 12 years were reviewed in this metastudy. Results were described and statistically analyzed to identify trends over time in characteristics of authors, including sex, institutional classifications, employment setting, and domicile, and…

Byrd, Rebekah; Crockett, Stephanie A.; Erford, Bradley T.

2012-01-01

320

The Best of Planning for Higher Education: An Anthology of Articles from the Premier Journal in Higher Education Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This anthology contains selections from "Planning for Higher Education," the quarterly journal of the Society for College and University Planning. Following the preface, the second section, "Coming Changes in Academe," contains these articles: (1) "Designing Colleges for Greater Learning" (Ernest Pascarella and Patrick Terenzini, v20 n3); (2) "The…

Keller, George, Ed.

321

No energy to be extracted from the vacuumA review of a former article in this journal  

Microsoft Academic Search

A few years ago a hopeful article (Evans 2000 Phys. Scr.61 513–7) appeared in this journal promising that according to its 15 authors' opinion the pending energy crisis could be solved by ‘extracting energy from the vacuum’. However, in the past years the energy price has grown to unthinkable heights: a reason for having a look at the promised ‘energy

Gerhard W Bruhn

2006-01-01

322

Women and Feminism in Technical Communication: A Qualitative Content Analysis of Journal Articles Published in 1989 through 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies 40 articles about women and feminism published in five technical communication journals in a period of nine years. Notes major themes, all concerning inclusion. Concludes that although research about women and feminism has been accepted as part of the scholarly purview of technical communication, the ways in which this research has…

Thompson, Isabelle

1999-01-01

323

Neurological research in Europe, as assessed with a four-year overview of neurological science international journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses all the peer-reviewed articles published by European authors in 161 neurological journals screened by\\u000a ISI in accordance with Current Contents\\/Life Science and Current Contents\\/Clinical Medicine in the period 1995–1998. Our aim\\u000a was to report the amount and quality of neurological research in the different countries of the European Union (EU), the USA\\u000a and the world. The number

Giuseppe Sandro Mela; Gian Luigi Mancardi

2002-01-01

324

Calibrated peer review assignments for the earth sciences  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Calibrated Peer Review ??? (CPR), a web-based instructional tool developed as part of the National Science Foundation reform initiatives in undergraduate science education, allows instructors to incorporate multiple writing assignments in large courses without overwhelming the instructor. This study reports successful implementation of CPR in a large, introductory geology course and student learning of geoscience content. For each CPR assignment in this study, students studied web-based and paper resources, wrote an essay, and reviewed seven essays (three from the instructor, three from peers, and their own) on the topic. Although many students expressed negative attitudes and concerns, particularly about the peer review process of this innovative instructional approach, they also recognized the learning potential of completing CPR assignments. Comparing instruction on earthquakes and plate boundaries using a CPR assignment vs. an instructional video lecture and homework essay with extensive instructor feedback, students mastered more content via CPR instruction.

Rudd, II, J. A.; Wang, V. Z.; Cervato, C.; Ridky, R. W.

2009-01-01

325

In defence of academic freedom: bioethics journals under siege.  

PubMed

This article analyses, from a bioethics journal editor's perspective, the threats to academic freedom and freedom of expression that academic bioethicists and academic bioethics journals are subjected to by political activists applying pressure from outside of the academy. I defend bioethicists' academic freedom to reach and defend conclusions many find offensive and 'wrong'. However, I also support the view that academics arguing controversial matters such as, for instance, the moral legitimacy of infanticide should take clear responsibility for the views they defend and should not try to hide behind analytical philosophers' rationales such as wanting to test an argument for the sake of testing an argument. This article proposes that bioethics journals establish higher-quality requirements and more stringent mechanisms of peer review than usual for iconoclastic articles. PMID:23637435

Schüklenk, Udo

2013-05-01

326

Relating patenting and peer-review publications: an extended perspective on the vascular health and risk management literature  

PubMed Central

Purpose: This investigation identifies patent applications published under the international Patent Convention Treaty between July 2010 and January 2011 in three significant fields of vascular risk management (arterial hypertension, atherosclerosis, and aneurysms) and investigates whether the inventors have also published peer reviewed papers directly describing their claimed invention. Results: Out of only 48 patent documents that specifically addressed at least one of the above-mentioned fields, 15 had immediate companion papers of which 13 were published earlier than the corresponding patent applications; the majority of these papers were published by noncorporate patentees. Although the majority of patent applications (30 documents) had at least one corporate assignee, 18 came from academic environments. As expected, medical devices dominated in the aneurysm segment while pharmacology dominated hypertension and atherosclerosis. Conclusion: Although information related to hypertension, atherosclerosis, or aneurysms that was claimed in international patent applications reached the public quicker through the corresponding peer review document if one was published, more than two-thirds of the patent applications had no such companion paper in a scientific journal. The patent literature, which is freely available online as full text, offers information to scientists and developers in the fields of vascular risk management that is not available from the peer reviewed literature.

Mucke, Hermann AM

2011-01-01

327

List of ARI Conference Papers, Journal Articles, Books, and Book Chapters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This list enumerates the contribution which ARI researchers have made to their fields in media other than ARI publications (research reports, technical reports, research products, and research notes). These other media - books, book chapters, journal arti...

B. T. Baggett

1992-01-01

328

A Study of Technical Engineering Peer Reviews at NASA  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report describes the state of practices of design reviews at NASA and research into what can be done to improve peer review practices. There are many types of reviews at NASA: required and not, formalized and informal, programmatic and technical. Standing project formal reviews such as the Preliminary Design Review and Critical Design Review are a required part of every project and mission development. However, the technical, engineering peer reviews that support teams' work on such projects are informal, some times ad hoc, and inconsistent across the organization. The goal of this work is to identify best practices and lessons learned from NASA's experience, supported by academic research and methodologies to ultimately improve the process. This research has determined that the organization, composition, scope, and approach of the reviews impact their success. Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) can identify key areas of concern before or in the reviews. Product definition tools like the Project Priority Matrix, engineering-focused Customer Value Chain Analysis (CVCA), and project or system-based Quality Function Deployment (QFD) help prioritize resources in reviews. The use of information technology and structured design methodologies can strengthen the engineering peer review process to help NASA work towards error-proofing the design process.

Chao, Lawrence P.; Tumer, Irem Y.; Bell, David G.

2003-01-01

329

Teaching undergraduates the process of peer review: learning by doing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An active approach allowed undergraduates in Health Sciences to learn the dynamics of peer review at first hand. A four-stage process was used. In stage 1, students formed self-selected groups to explore specific issues. In stage 2, each group posted their interim reports online on a specific date. Each student read all the other reports and prepared detailed critiques. In stage 3, each report was discussed at sessions where the lead discussant was selected at random. All students participated in the peer review process. The written critiques were collated and returned to each group, who were asked to resubmit their revised reports within 2 wk. In stage 4, final submissions accompanied by rebuttals were graded. Student responses to a questionnaire were highly positive. They recognized the individual steps in the standard peer review, appreciated the complexities involved, and got a first-hand experience of some of the inherent variabilities involved. The absence of formal presentations and the opportunity to read each other's reports permitted them to study issues in greater depth.

2010-09-01

330

Clinical peer review in the United States: history, legal development and subsequent abuse.  

PubMed

The Joint Commission on Accreditation requires hospitals to conduct peer review to retain accreditation. Despite the intended purpose of improving quality medical care, the peer review process has suffered several setbacks throughout its tenure. In the 1980s, abuse of peer review for personal economic interest led to a highly publicized multimillion-dollar verdict by the United States Supreme Court against the perpetrating physicians and hospital. The verdict led to decreased physician participation for fear of possible litigation. Believing that peer review was critical to quality medical care, Congress subsequently enacted the Health Care Quality Improvement Act (HCQIA) granting comprehensive legal immunity for peer reviewers to increase participation. While serving its intended goal, HCQIA has also granted peer reviewers significant immunity likely emboldening abuses resulting in Sham Peer Reviews. While legal reform of HCQIA is necessary to reduce sham peer reviews, further measures including the need for standardization of the peer review process alongside external organizational monitoring are critical to improving peer review and reducing the prevalence of sham peer reviews. PMID:24914357

Vyas, Dinesh; Hozain, Ahmed E

2014-06-01

331

Clinical peer review in the United States: History, legal development and subsequent abuse  

PubMed Central

The Joint Commission on Accreditation requires hospitals to conduct peer review to retain accreditation. Despite the intended purpose of improving quality medical care, the peer review process has suffered several setbacks throughout its tenure. In the 1980s, abuse of peer review for personal economic interest led to a highly publicized multimillion-dollar verdict by the United States Supreme Court against the perpetrating physicians and hospital. The verdict led to decreased physician participation for fear of possible litigation. Believing that peer review was critical to quality medical care, Congress subsequently enacted the Health Care Quality Improvement Act (HCQIA) granting comprehensive legal immunity for peer reviewers to increase participation. While serving its intended goal, HCQIA has also granted peer reviewers significant immunity likely emboldening abuses resulting in Sham Peer Reviews. While legal reform of HCQIA is necessary to reduce sham peer reviews, further measures including the need for standardization of the peer review process alongside external organizational monitoring are critical to improving peer review and reducing the prevalence of sham peer reviews.

Vyas, Dinesh; Hozain, Ahmed E

2014-01-01

332

Vectors, Bites, and Venoms: Articles on Insects and Other Arthropods of Medical Importance. Which Journals Published the Most and on Which Insects, 2007–2011?  

Microsoft Academic Search

With a goal of delineating a small, core collection of journals to cover growing domestic and worldwide interest, this study reports four findings about articles related to medical entomology that appeared from 2007–2011. First, in the study of insects as disease vectors, journals of tropical medicine and biology actually publish almost as many papers as journals of medical entomology and

Tony Stankus

2012-01-01

333

Using Local Citation Data To Relate the Use of Journal Articles by Academic Researchers to the Coverage of Full-Text Document Access Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents methodology and findings of an empirical study comparing local citation patterns with the holdings lists of various sources of journal articles in the United Kingdom, including the British Library. Topics include identifying data that indicates researchers' use of journals in academic libraries and identifying data to indicate journal

Jacobs, N.; Woodfield, J.; Morris, A.

2000-01-01

334

Journal quality metrics: options to consider other than impact factors.  

PubMed

Journal quality metrics (also referred to as bibliometrics), such as impact factors, are increasingly being used as a measure of researchers' and educators' success and prestige. Occupational therapists who submit articles to peer-reviewed journals may face a professional and research dilemma: Do they submit their articles to journals that largely have a professional audience and potentially do not have an impact factor, or do they opt not to publish their research material in occupational therapy-oriented journals? Occupational therapy authors can consider other journal quality metric alternatives, in addition to the impact factor option, including the Eigenfactor Score, Article Influence Score, h-index, SCImago Journal Rank (SJR), Source Normalised Impact per Paper (SNIP), and discipline-specific generated journal quality measures. These other journal quality metrics can be important reference points for occupational therapists who publish and may encourage authors to publish in journals relevant to the discipline. This process, in turn, will build the occupational therapy body of knowledge as well as provide an essential, growing reference source for evidence-based practice. PMID:21675341

Brown, Ted

2011-01-01

335

Journals Abroad  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes four journal articles on language teaching appearing in the American pedagogical language journals, "The Modern Language Journal,""English Language Teaching Journal," and "TESOL Quarterly." The purpose is to give an indication of what kinds of articles can be found in journals outside Japan. (Text is in Japanese.) (TL)

Ando, Shoichi

1975-01-01

336

SPECIATION OF GAS-PHASE AND FINE PARTICLE EMISSIONS FROM BURNING OF FOLIAR FUELS: JOURNAL ARTICLE  

EPA Science Inventory

NRMRL-RTP-P- 620 Hays**, M.D., Geron*, C.D., Linna**, K.J., Smith*, N.D., and Schauer, J.J. Speciation of Gas-Phase and Fine Particle Emissions from Burning of Foliar Fuels. Submitted to: Environmental Science & Technology EPA/600/J-02/234, http://pubs.acs.org/journals/esthag/...

337

Top Cited Scholars in Multicultural Counseling: A Citation Analysis of Journal Articles in PsycINFO  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The area of multicultural counseling is a sub-field of the counseling profession and research in this specialty has proliferated at a rapid pace over the past 20 years. In order to gauge emergent trends in multicultural counseling, researchers have conducted content analyses of scholarly documents like journals and books. A related methodology…

Piotrowski, Chris

2013-01-01

338

The Reliability and Validity of Test Scores: Are Editorial Policy Changes Reflected in Journal Articles?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1994, the journal "Educational and Psychological Measurement" (EPM) instituted an editorial policy requiring authors to use technically appropriate language and methodological practices in their discussions of validity and reliability. To determine if this policy has had any effect on current publications, 150 validity and reliability studies…

Witta, E. Lea; Daniel, Larry G.

339

A Content Analysis of the CNHEO Journals for Policy and Advocacy Articles: 1991-2000  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advocacy and public policy were determined to be one of the six key focal points for the profession at the Health Education in the 21st Century meeting held in 1995. A content analysis of journals of the member organizations of the Coalition of National Health Education Organizations was conducted to discover whether there was a difference in the…

Galer-Unti, Regina A.; Miller, Susan M.; Tappe, Marlene K.

2004-01-01

340

INVESTIGATION OF THE POTENTIAL ANTIMICROBIAL EFFICACY OF SEALANTS USED IN HVAC SYSTEMS: JOURNAL ARTICLE  

EPA Science Inventory

NRMRL-RTP-P- 530a Foarde, K.K., VanOsdell, D.W., and Menetrez*, M.Y. Investigation of the Potential Antimicrobial Efficacy of Sealants Used in HVAC Systems. Published in: Journal of Air and Waste Management Association 51 (8):1219-1226 (2001). 07/06/2000 The paper gives result...

341

LIGHT NONAQUEOUS-PHASE LIQUID HYDROCARBON WEATHERING AT SOME JP-4 FUEL RELEASE SITES: JOURNAL ARTICLE  

EPA Science Inventory

NRMRL-ADA-00227 Kampbell*, D.H., Snyder, C.B., Downey, D.C., and Hansen, J.E. Light Nonaqueous-Phase Liquid Hydrocarbon Weathering at some JP-4 Fuel Release Sites. Journal Of Hazardous Substance Research (Kansas State University) 3 (4):1-7 (2001). EPA/600/J-02/026, ...

342

Now you can get there from here: creating an interactive Web application for accessing full-text journal articles from any location  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article will focus on the process of creating an interactive World Wide Web application that allows patrons the ability to access and retrieve full-text journal articles from any of nearly 6,500 unique electronic journal titles, which are delivered to their computer desktops, without geographic constraints.

John W Felts

2001-01-01

343

ARTicle  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ARTicle is yet another entry in the arena of museum blogs, this time from the Art Institute of Chicago (AIC). ARTicle is intended to cover all sorts of subjects related to the AIC, and its six staff writers ask readers to, "Think of it as a little peek behind the scenes." The blog dates back to October of 2009, and visitors will find recent entries that include a staff picks entry, an entry on saints and symbols, and a short video featuring Robby S., a media assistant in Communications. In the video, Robby discusses Chilean painter Matta's The Earth Is a Man, 1942, which he describes as looking like a bunch of things floating in soup. Another recent post by Sarah M. investigates a piece currently on view in the modern wing, Shade by London-based Dutch designer Simon Heijdens, taking a look at how the work was installed and the possible meaning behind the work. If a "little peek behind the scenes" means the opportunity to hear people talking about art in an accessible and straightforward fashion, then ARTicle certainly achieves its stated goal.

344

What Is The Purpose Of Launching World Journal Of Radiology?  

PubMed Central

The first issue of World Journal of Radiology (WJR), whose preparatory work was initiated on August 24, 2009, will be published on December 31, 2009. The WJR Editorial Board has now been established and consists of 303 distinguished experts from 38 countries. Our purpose of launching WJR is to publish peer-reviewed, high-quality articles via an open-access online publishing model, thereby acting as a platform for communication between peers and the wider public, and maximizing the benefits to editorial board members, authors and readers.

Ma, Lian-Sheng

2009-01-01

345

What is the purpose of launching World Journal of Cardiology?  

PubMed Central

The first issue of World Journal of Cardiology (WJC), whose preparatory work was initiated on December 13, 2009, will be published on December 31, 2009. The WJC Editorial Board has now been established and consists of 298 distinguished experts from 40 countries. Our purpose of launching WJC is to publish peer-reviewed, high-quality articles via an open-access online publishing model, thereby acting as a platform for communication between peers and the wider public, and maximizing the benefits to editorial board members, authors and readers.

Ma, Lian-Sheng

2009-01-01

346

What is the purpose of launching World Journal of Hepatology?  

PubMed Central

The first issue of World Journal of Hepatology (WJH), whose preparatory work was initiated on September 23, 2008, will be published on October 31, 2009. The WJH Editorial Board has now been established and consists of 213 distinguished experts from 29 countries. Our purpose of launching WJH is to publish peer-reviewed, high-quality articles via an open-access online publishing model, thereby acting as a platform for communication between peers and the wider public, and maximizing the benefits to editorial board members, authors and readers.

Ma, Lian-Sheng

2009-01-01

347

What is the purpose of launching World Journal of Diabetes?  

PubMed Central

The first issue of World Journal of Diabetes (WJD), whose preparatory work was initiated on September 23, 2008, is published on March 15, 2010. The WJD Editorial Board has now been established and consists of 323 distinguished experts from 38 countries. Our purpose of launching WJD is to publish peer-reviewed, high-quality articles via an open-access online publishing model, thereby acting as a platform for communication between peers and the wider public, and maximizing the benefits to editorial board members, authors and readers.

Ma, Lian-Sheng

2010-01-01

348

What is the purpose of launching World Journal of Orthopedics?  

PubMed Central

The first issue of World Journal of Orthopedics (WJO), whose preparatory work was initiated on March 11, 2010, will be published on November 18, 2010. The WJO Editorial Board has now been established and consists of 114 distinguished experts from 26 countries. Our purpose of launching WJO is to publish peer-reviewed, high-quality articles via an open-access online publishing model, thereby acting as a platform for communication between peers and the wider public, and maximizing the benefits to editorial board members, authors and readers.

Ma, Lian-Sheng

2010-01-01

349

Special Article: Howard Dittrick: curator to the McMechans' legacy journal.  

PubMed

A noted medical historian and museum curator, Canadian American Howard Dittrick was a Cleveland gynecologist who served as Directing Editor of Current Researches in Anesthesia and Analgesia (1940-1954). In the aftermath of World War II, even after Congresses of Anesthetists had resumed, Dittrick and his editorial board allowed their yellow, then tan-covered journal, the so-called "yellow peril," to languish into near irrelevance. PMID:23144436

Bause, George S; Edmonson, James M

2012-12-01

350

Constellations of Support and Impediment: Understanding Early Implementation Dynamics in the Research and Development of an Online Multimodal Writing and Peer Review Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors trace teachers' experiences while participating in an educational technology development and research project focused on the creation and use of an online writing and peer review environment. They follow teachers from their initial expectations of the program, to their response to professional development training…

Olmanson, Justin; Abrams, Sandra Schamroth

2013-01-01

351

What errors do peer reviewers detect, and does training improve their ability to detect them?  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective To analyse data from a trial and report the frequencies with which major and minor errors are detected at a general medical journal, the types of errors missed and the impact of training on error detection. Design 607 peer reviewers at the BMJ were randomized to two intervention groups receiving different types of training (face-to-face training or a self-taught package) and a control group. Each reviewer was sent the same three test papers over the study period, each of which had nine major and five minor methodological errors inserted. Setting BMJ peer reviewers. Main outcome measures The quality of review, assessed using a validated instrument, and the number and type of errors detected before and after training. Results The number of major errors detected varied over the three papers. The interventions had small effects. At baseline (Paper 1) reviewers found an average of 2.58 of the nine major errors, with no notable difference between the groups. The mean number of errors reported was similar for the second and third papers, 2.71 and 3.0, respectively. Biased randomization was the error detected most frequently in all three papers, with over 60% of reviewers rejecting the papers identifying this error. Reviewers who did not reject the papers found fewer errors and the proportion finding biased randomization was less than 40% for each paper. Conclusions Editors should not assume that reviewers will detect most major errors, particularly those concerned with the context of study. Short training packages have only a slight impact on improving error detection.

Schroter, Sara; Black, Nick; Evans, Stephen; Godlee, Fiona; Osorio, Lyda; Smith, Richard

2008-01-01

352

Issues of cultural appropriateness and pedagogical efficacy: exploring peer review in a second language writing class  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a study designed to investigate (a) whether peer review is an effective pedagogical activity with adult\\u000a Chinese students in the teaching of second language (L2) academic writing and (b) how factors such as perceptions of the influence\\u000a of peer reviewers’ L2 proficiency, previous experience with peer review, feedback preferences, and culturally-based beliefs\\u000a and practices relate to

Guangwei Hu; Sandra Tsui Eu Lam

2010-01-01

353

Peer-review in a world with rational scientists: Toward selection of the average  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the virtues of peer review is that it provides a self-regulating\\u000aselection mechanism for scientific work, papers and projects. Peer review as a\\u000aselection mechanism is hard to evaluate in terms of its efficiency. Serious\\u000aefforts to understand its strengths and weaknesses have not yet lead to clear\\u000aanswers. In theory peer review works if the involved parties

Stefan Thurner; Rudolf Hanel

2010-01-01

354

Nevada Risk Assessment/Management Program scientific peer review  

SciTech Connect

The 1,350 square-mile Nevada Test Site and additional sites in Nevada served as the continental sites for US nuclear weapons testing from 1951 to 1992. The Nevada Risk Assessment/Management Program (NRAMP) is a currently on-going effort of the Harry Reid Center for Environmental Studies at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) and the firm of E. J. Bentz and Associates, Inc., in cooperation with the US Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Management Program. Argonne National Laboratory is one of several public and private organizations supporting personnel appointed by the NRAMP to the NRAMP Scientific Peer Review Panel. The NRAMP is part of a national effort by the DOE to develop new sources of information and approaches to risk assessment, risk management, risk communication, and public outreach relevant to the ecological and human health effects of radioactive and hazardous materials management and site remediation activities. This paper describes the development, conduct, and current results of the scientific peer review process which supports the goals of the NRAMP.

Bentz, E.J. Jr.; Bentz, C.B.; O`Hora, T.D. [E.J. Bentz and Associates, Inc., Alexandria, VA (United States); Chen, S.Y. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Environmental Assessment Div.

1997-04-01

355

CytoJournal joins 'open access' philosophy  

PubMed Central

Welcome to CytoJournal! We would like to introduce you to your journal, one that is run by and for the scientific cytopathology community with incontestable benefits of Open Access, and support from Cytopathology Foundation, Inc. CytoJournal is a peer-reviewed, PubMed indexed, online journal, publishing research in the field of cytopathology and related areas, with world wide free access. Authors submitting to CytoJournal retain the copyright to their hard earned work.

Shidham, Vinod B; Cafaro, Anthony; Atkinson, Barbara F

2004-01-01

356

Statistical Reviewers Improve Reporting in Biomedical Articles: A Randomized Trial  

PubMed Central

Background Although peer review is widely considered to be the most credible way of selecting manuscripts and improving the quality of accepted papers in scientific journals, there is little evidence to support its use. Our aim was to estimate the effects on manuscript quality of either adding a statistical peer reviewer or suggesting the use of checklists such as CONSORT or STARD to clinical reviewers or both. Methodology and Principal Findings Interventions were defined as 1) the addition of a statistical reviewer to the clinical peer review process, and 2) suggesting reporting guidelines to reviewers; with “no statistical expert” and “no checklist” as controls. The two interventions were crossed in a 2×2 balanced factorial design including original research articles consecutively selected, between May 2004 and March 2005, by the Medicina Clinica (Barc) editorial committee. We randomized manuscripts to minimize differences in terms of baseline quality and type of study (intervention, longitudinal, cross-sectional, others). Sample-size calculations indicated that 100 papers provide an 80% power to test a 55% standardized difference. We specified the main outcome as the increment in quality of papers as measured on the Goodman Scale. Two blinded evaluators rated the quality of manuscripts at initial submission and final post peer review version. Of the 327 manuscripts submitted to the journal, 131 were accepted for further review, and 129 were randomized. Of those, 14 that were lost to follow-up showed no differences in initial quality to the followed-up papers. Hence, 115 were included in the main analysis, with 16 rejected for publication after peer review. 21 (18.3%) of the 115 included papers were interventions, 46 (40.0%) were longitudinal designs, 28 (24.3%) cross-sectional and 20 (17.4%) others. The 16 (13.9%) rejected papers had a significantly lower initial score on the overall Goodman scale than accepted papers (difference 15.0, 95% CI: 4.6–24.4). The effect of suggesting a guideline to the reviewers had no effect on change in overall quality as measured by the Goodman scale (0.9, 95% CI: ?0.3–+2.1). The estimated effect of adding a statistical reviewer was 5.5 (95% CI: 4.3–6.7), showing a significant improvement in quality. Conclusions and Significance This prospective randomized study shows the positive effect of adding a statistical reviewer to the field-expert peers in improving manuscript quality. We did not find a statistically significant positive effect by suggesting reviewers use reporting guidelines.

Cobo, Erik; Selva-O'Callagham, Albert; Ribera, Josep-Maria; Cardellach, Francesc; Dominguez, Ruth; Vilardell, Miquel

2007-01-01

357

Implementing peer review at an emergency medicine blog: bridging the gap between educators and clinical experts.  

PubMed

ABSTRACTEmergency physicians are leaders in the "free open-access meducation" (FOAM) movement. The mandate of FOAM is to create open-access education and knowledge translation resources for trainees and practicing physicians (e.g., blogs, podcasts, and vodcasts). Critics of FOAM have suggested that because such resources can be easily published online without quality control mechanisms, unreviewed FOAM resources may be erroneous or biased. We present a new initiative to incorporate open, expert, peer review into an established academic medical blog. Experts provided either pre- or postpublication reviews that were visible to blog readers. This article outlines the details of this initiative and discusses the potentially transformative impact of this educational innovation. PMID:24810912

Thoma, Brent; Chan, Teresa; Desouza, Natalie; Lin, Michelle

2014-01-01

358

Implementing peer review at an emergency medicine blog: bridging the gap between educators and clinical experts.  

PubMed

ABSTRACTEmergency physicians are leaders in the "free open-access meducation" (FOAM) movement. The mandate of FOAM is to create open-access education and knowledge translation resources for trainees and practicing physicians (e.g., blogs, podcasts, and vodcasts). Critics of FOAM have suggested that because such resources can be easily published online without quality control mechanisms, unreviewed FOAM resources may be erroneous or biased. We present a new initiative to incorporate open, expert, peer review into an established academic medical blog. Experts provided either pre- or postpublication reviews that were visible to blog readers. This article outlines the details of this initiative and discusses the potentially transformative impact of this educational innovation. PMID:24742824

Thoma, Brent; Chan, Teresa; Desouza, Natalie; Lin, Michelle

2014-04-01

359

1996 JOURNAL ARTICLES FROM LRPCD (TREATMENT AND DESTRUCTION BRANCH, LAND REMEDIATION AND POLLUTION CONTROL DIVISION, NRMRL)  

EPA Science Inventory

The Treatment and Destruction Branch (TDB) of NRMRL's Land Remediation and Pollution Control Division (LRPCD) produces and publishes highly technical and scientific articles relating to TDB's research. TDB conducts bioremediation and physical/chemical treatment research. The rese...

360

The International Journal of Communications Law and Policy: IJCL  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The first issue of The International Journal of Communications Law and Policy (IJCLP) is now online. IJCLP is a quarterly, full-text, peer-reviewed electronic journal for legal academics and practitioners, covering topics related to "regulation and policy in the converging sectors of computing, telecommunications and broadcasting." All of the articles, case notes, legislative and policy analyses, conference reviews and abstracts, publication reviews, and work-in-progress in the journal can be viewed online in full-text or downloaded in .rtf format. IJCLP has an international editorial and advisory board and is a joint project of the Programme in Comparative Media Law & Policy at the Centre for Socio-Legal-Studies, Oxford University; the Administrative Law Department of the Institute for Information, Telecommunications and Media Law (ITM), University of Munster; and the European Media Regulation Seminar Group, University of Warwick School of Law.

361

PROMET - The Journal of Meteorological Education issued by DWD  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Promet is published by the German Meteorological Service (DWD) since 1971 to improve meteorologists and weather forecasters skills. The journal comprises mainly contributions to topics like biometeorology, the NAO, or meteorology and insurance business. The science-based articles should illustrate the special issue in an understandable and transparent way. In addition, the journal contains portraits of other national meteorological services and university departments, book reviews, list of university degrees, and other individual papers. Promet is published only in German language, but included English titles and abstracts. The journal is peer-reviewed by renowned external scientists. It is distributed free of charge by DWD to the own meteorological staff. On the other hand, DMG (the German Meteorological Society) hand it out to all members of the society. The current issues deal with "Modern procedures of weather forecasting in DWD” and "E-Learning in Meteorology”.

Rapp, J.

2009-09-01

362

Quality assurance reviews: how they differ from peer reviews.  

PubMed

Research papers and reports written by scientists and engineers in the United States Environmental Protection Agency are reviewed by the agency's quality assurance staff. EPA papers and reports are subjected to peer reviews that check for the validity of conclusions and the general agreement with the body of technical knowledge in the subject area. Quality assurance reviews differ from peer reviews in that the focus of the quality assurance review is on the following criteria: Consistency: Were reasonable and consistent units of measurement and generally acceptable formulas used throughout? Are the appropriate number of significant figures reported? Correctness: Were matrix-compatible methods used? Were measurements within the working range of the method? Can measurements be traced to a recognized standard or source (e.g., the National Institute of Standards and Technology)? Can calculations be verified, starting from representative raw data and proceeding to the summary data presented in the paper or report? Coherence: Do the stated conclusions follow from the data presented? Are the assumptions clearly stated? Are inconsistencies between data and conclusions discussed? Clarity: Are special terms and acronyms defined? Can a person with a general technical background in the subject understand the paper or report? Conformance: Did the study follow the test/quality assurance plan, with appropriate calibrations and other quality-control checks, audits, and data validations? If not, is there a discussion of problems? Concordance: Were data quality objectives met? Were the data quality indicator goals achieved for precision, accuracy, representativeness, comparability, and completeness? The importance of these quality assurance review criteria are discussed along with examples from current work. PMID:10386330

Adams, N H

1998-01-01

363

Blog Comments vs. Peer Review: Which Way Makes a Book Better?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What if scholarly books were peer reviewed by anonymous blog comments rather than by traditional, selected peer reviewers? This is the question posed by an unusual experiment that was started recently by Noah Wardrip-Fruin, an an assistant professor of communication at the University of California at San Diego. His experiment was started after his…

Young, Jeffrey R.

2008-01-01

364

Content and communication: How can peer review provide helpful feedback about the writing?  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Peer review is assumed to improve the quality of research reports as tools for scientific communication, yet strong evidence that this outcome is obtained consistently has been elusive. Failure to distinguish between aspects of discipline-specific content and aspects of the writing or use of language may account for some deficiencies in current peer review processes. DISCUSSION: The process and

Karen Shashok

2008-01-01

365

Peer Review in the National Science Foundation: Phase One of a Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported is phase one of a study to determine how peer review (the evaluation of proposals for research by experts in the scientific disciplines concerned) works. Data used in this phase of the study include in-depth interviews with 70 scientists who have been involved at all points in the peer review system as well as on data from files of the…

Cole, Stephen; And Others

366

Peer Review in the Funding of Research in Higher Education: The Australian Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluated the peer review process used to fund Australian university research across all disciplines, relating peer reviews of 2,989 research proposals (6,233 external reviewers) to characteristics of the researchers and of reviewers. Findings lead to suggestions for improvement, especially that researcher-nominated reviewers should not be used…

Jayasinghe, Upali W.; Marsh, Herbert W.; Bond, Nigel

2001-01-01

367

IRIS TOXICOLOGICAL REVIEW AND SUMMARY DOCUMENTS FOR 1,4-DICHLOROBENZENE (EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW)  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. EPA has conducted a peer review of the scientific basis supporting the human health hazard and dose-response assessment of 1,4-dichlorobenzene that will appear on the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) database. Peer review is meant to ensure that science is used ...

368

76 FR 4113 - Independent Scientific Peer Review Panel Meeting on an In Vitro  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Scientific Peer Review Panel Meeting on an In Vitro Estrogen Receptor Transcriptional Activation...Scientific Peer Review Panel Meeting on an In Vitro Estrogen Receptor Transcriptional Activation...supreg] ER (BG1Luc ER TA), an in vitro transcriptional activation (TA)...

2011-01-24

369

Could Peer Review Inadvertently Lead to "Educational Malpractice"? Lessons from Clinical Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

States that teachers should consider developments in clinical psychology toward manualized, prescriptive treatments for specific diagnoses when considering recommendations of the American Association for Higher Education for peer review and communization of teaching. Explains that peer review and communization of teaching could lead to educational…

Pomerantz, Andrew M.

2000-01-01

370

Original Research and Peer Review Using Web-Based Collaborative Tools by College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Environmental Inquiry program supports inquiry based, student-centered science teaching on selected topics in the environmental sciences. Many teachers are unfamiliar with both the underlying science of toxicology, and the process and importance of peer review in scientific method. The protocol and peer review process was tested with college…

Cakir, Mustafa; Carlsen, William S.

2007-01-01

371

External Peer Review Team Report Underground Testing Area Subproject for Frenchman Flat, Revision 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

An external peer review was conducted to review the groundwater models used in the corrective action investigation stage of the Underground Test Area (UGTA) subproject to forecast zones of potential contamination in 1,000 years for the Frenchman Flat area. The goal of the external peer review was to provide technical evaluation of the studies and to assist in assessing the

Sam Marutzky

2010-01-01

372

Journal of Applied Spectroscopy, Volume 7, Number 5, 1967 (Selected Articles).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is comprised of three articles: Scattering of short-duration light signals in a turbulent medium; Increasing the effective Q-switching speed in rotating-prism ruby lasers; and On the question of the intensity of the lines of a forced combinati...

I. L. Katsev V. A. Pilipovich A. V. Bortkevich

1968-01-01

373

Adult Literacy. A Compendium of Articles from the Journal of Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following articles are included: "Reconceptualizing the Language of Adult Literacy" (Ilsley, Stahl); "Expanding the Definition of Literacy for Adult Remedial Readers" (Heathington); "Adult Literacy Programs" (Davis); "Stages in the Reading Development of Adults" (Norman, Malicky); "Reading Concepts and Strategies of Adult Nonreaders" (Malicky,…

Radencich, Marguerite C., Ed.

374

Journal of Agricultural Economics Research, Volume 45, Number 2, Summer 1994. (Articles and Book Reviews).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Articles--Setting Research Priorities in the Public Sector: A Suggested Framework for the AARC Center; Estimating the U.S. Demand for Sugar in the Presence of Measurement Error in the Data; Price Elasticities Implied by Homogeneous Production Fu...

D. Smallwood J. Blaylock J. Harrison

1994-01-01

375

Studies presented in poster format at the annual meetings of the American Association Of Hip And Knee Surgeons: how do they fare in the peer review process?  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the eventual publication rates of poster presentations at the annual meetings of the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons from 1996 to 2001 (47%). Common belief expects poster presentations to publish at a lower rate than podium presentations, the latter being typically believed to consist of studies of higher scientific value. We hypothesized that this would lead to a lower incidence of eventual peer-reviewed literature publication for posters. Comparisons from an earlier report confirmed our analysis. Also, poster studies that did survive the peer review process were found in a wide array of journals and were found to publish within a relatively short amount of time (mean, 23.6 +/- 15.7 months). PMID:17823008

Yoon, Richard S; Lloyd, Eric W; McGrory, Brian; Bal, B Sonny; Macaulay, William

2007-09-01

376

The Role of Title, Metadata and Abstract in Identifying Clinically Relevant Journal Articles  

PubMed Central

Access to current clinical information involves searches of bibliographic databases, such as MEDLINE®, and subsequent evaluation of retrieval results for relevance to a specific clinical situation and quality of the reported research. We establish the amount of information that needs to be provided by an information retrieval system to assist healthcare practitioners in identifying clinically relevant information and evaluating its potential strength of evidence. We find 92% of titles informative enough for a practitioner to correctly classify publications as clinical, but not sufficient for classification of research quality. We suggest automatic organization of retrieval results into strength of evidence categories to supplement title-based judgments and provide quick access to the abstracts of the most promising articles. We find information in the abstracts sufficient to identify articles potentially immediately useful for clinical decision support. These findings are important to the design of information retrieval systems supporting small, low-bandwidth handheld computers.

Demner-Fushman, Dina; Hauser, Susan; Thoma, George

2005-01-01

377

DataCARE - A Tool for Downloading and Pre processing Full-text Journal Articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current approach for mining text in regards to molecular biology and biomedicine is a conjectural process. The major obstacle with the current approach is the need to download full-text articles from various sites, and then organize them for specific text searches. With the help of CTH Technologies, we have created a tool called DataCARE. DataCARE eliminates the need to

Jeyakumar Natarajan; Cliff Haines; Brian Berglund; Catherine DeSesa; Catherine J. Hack; Werner Dubitzky; Eric G. Bremer

378

References that anyone can edit: review of Wikipedia citations in peer reviewed health science literature  

PubMed Central

Objectives To examine indexed health science journals to evaluate the prevalence of Wikipedia citations, identify the journals that publish articles with Wikipedia citations, and determine how Wikipedia is being cited. Design Bibliometric analysis. Study selection Publications in the English language that included citations to Wikipedia were retrieved using the online databases Scopus and Web of Science. Data sources To identify health science journals, results were refined using Ulrich’s database, selecting for citations from journals indexed in Medline, PubMed, or Embase. Using Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Reports, 2011 impact factors were collected for all journals included in the search. Data extraction Resulting citations were thematically coded, and descriptive statistics were calculated. Results 1433 full text articles from 1008 journals indexed in Medline, PubMed, or Embase with 2049 Wikipedia citations were accessed. The frequency of Wikipedia citations has increased over time; most citations occurred after December 2010. More than half of the citations were coded as definitions (n=648; 31.6%) or descriptions (n=482; 23.5%). Citations were not limited to journals with a low or no impact factor; the search found Wikipedia citations in many journals with high impact factors. Conclusions Many publications are citing information from a tertiary source that can be edited by anyone, although permanent, evidence based sources are available. We encourage journal editors and reviewers to use caution when publishing articles that cite Wikipedia.

2014-01-01

379

The Moral Education of Journal Editors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Refereed journals in science and medicine are the gatekeepers and repositories of knowledge in their respective fields. Research reported in peer-reviewed journals builds professional careers, determines which drugs and medical devices are licensed, influences what medical treatments become standards of care, and establishes the veracity of…

Krimsky, Sheldon

2010-01-01

380

Finding relevant PDF medical journal articles by the content of their figures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Literature review is a time-consuming burden because it is hard to find relevant articles. But literature review is so important because it allows researchers to find solutions to their questions/problems from previous work already performed and published by others. It is difficult to wade through documents quickly and assess their quality by only looking at their title, abstract, or even full-text. The human visual system allows us to quickly glance at images and infer the main subject of an article and decide whether we are interested in reading more. In some cases, such as biology articles for example, figures showing photos of experimental results quickly allow a researcher in the literature review phase to determine the quality of the work by its results. This work describes a system for literature review that uses content-based image retrieval (CBIR) techniques to search for relevant documents using the content of figures in a document along with relevance feedback refinement instead of keyword search guesswork. The long-term goal is to use it as a subsystem in a content-based document retrieval system where the figures and their captions are combined with the document's body text. This paper describes the processing of the documents to extract available raster graphics as well as text with its layout and formatting information intact. The process of matching a figure to its caption using this layout information is then described. While caption-based search is implemented but not quite merged into the system yet, the figure-caption matching is complete. Two novel modified tf-idf measures that are being considered to take into account bold/italic text, font size, and document structure as a way to infer text importance rather than just rely on text frequency is detailed mathematically and explained intuitively. CBIR queries where there are multiple images that form the query are issued as separate queries and their results are then merged together.

Christiansen, Ammon; Lee, Dah-Jye; Chang, Yuchou

2007-03-01

381

On the future contents of a small journal of histochemistry  

PubMed Central

In the last three years, more than 70,000 scientific articles have been published in peer reviewed journals on the application of histochemistry in the biomedical field: most of them did not appear in strictly histochemical journals, but in others dealing with cell and molecular biology, medicine or biotechnology. This proves that histochemistry is still an active and innovative discipline with relevance in basic and applied biological research, but also demonstrates that especially the small histochemical journals should likely reconsider their scopes and strategies to preserve their authorship. A review of the last three years volumes of the European Journal of Histochemistry, taken as an example of a long-time established small journal, confirmed that the published articles were widely heterogeneous in their topics and experimental models, as in this journal's tradition. This strongly suggests that a journal of histochemistry should keep its role as a forum open to an audience as broad as possible, publishing papers on cell and tissue biology in a wide variety of models. This will improve knowledge of the basic mechanisms of development and differentiation, while helping to increase the number of potential authors since scientists who generally do not use histochemistry in their research will find hints for the applications of histochemical techniques to novel still unexplored subjects.

Pellicciari, C.

2012-01-01

382

The Question of Electronic Journals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the general issues associated with electronic journals and illustrates them with references to the products and projects that are available in the United Kingdom. Discusses issues for librarians, including costs and licensing; and issues for the information industry, including publisher competencies, peer review, and pricing structures.…

Rowley, Jennifer

2000-01-01

383

Radiology Peer-Review Feedback Scorecards: Optimizing Transparency, Accessibility, and Education in a Children?s Hospital.  

PubMed

Peer review is a requisite for a comprehensive quality assurance program. Although RADPEER implementations have been well documented, the feedback process has been underemphasized. Our radiology department developed feedback scorecards to address this gap. In this article, we describe our scorecard components, the software applications we independently created and utilize, and how they align missions of quality improvement and radiologist education. The result is a web-based, comment-enhanced, monthly feedback scorecard that to our knowledge is the first of its kind described in the literature. PMID:24948210

Iyer, Ramesh S; Munsell, Andrew; Weinberger, Edward

2014-01-01

384

Journal Citations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comments on the article by J. R. Haynes (August, 1983) regarding core psychology journals. Haynes originally argues that two APA journals, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance and Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory failed to be included in the citation impact list because of extremely low citation impact for the Journal Citation Report. However, the

Murray J. White

1984-01-01

385

Selection of research fellowship recipients by committee peer review. Reliability, fairness and predictive validity of Board of Trustees' decisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary In science, peer review is the best-established method of assessing manuscripts for publication and applications for research fellowships and grants. However, the fairness of peer review, its reliability and whether it achieves its aim to select the best science and scientists has often been questioned. The paper presents the first comprehensive study on committee peer review for the selection

Lutz Bornmann; Hans-dieter Daniel

2005-01-01

386

Teachers Evaluating Teachers. Peer Review and the New Unionism. Studies in Social Philosophy and Policy, No. 20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines peer review, a prominent feature of the new unionism, relying heavily on peer review programs in Columbus and Toledo, Ohio. Peer review encompasses various procedures by which teachers and their unions can exercise more responsibility for improving teacher performance and terminating the services of teachers who do not perform…

Lieberman, Myron

387

75 FR 7522 - Peer Review, Conflict of Interest and Disclosure Form; Request for the Office of Management and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review on December 15, 2004...Sciences (NAS) when selecting peer reviewers who are not Government...conflict exists for a potential peer review panel member. II. Special...for ``influential scientific assessments;'' and 1 hour for...

2010-02-19

388

76 FR 55384 - External Peer Review Meeting for the Draft Guidance of Applying Quantitative Data To Develop Data...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...register to attend this peer review meeting as observers...internet on the Risk Assessment Forum Web page (http...comments from the external peer review meeting along...reference the ``DDEF Peer Review Meeting'' and...Michael W. Broder, Risk Assessment Forum, Office of...

2011-09-07

389

Journal of Inequalities in Pure and Applied Mathematics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the Research Group in Mathematical Inequalities and Applications at the Victoria University of Technology in Australia, the Journal of Inequalities in Pure and Applied Mathematics (JIPAM) is a new "peer-reviewed international journal in the theory of mathematical inequalities and their applications." The journal will be free-of-charge all year.

390

Analysis of interlibrary requests by hospital libraries for photocopied journal articles.  

PubMed Central

A study of the 1975 borrowing requests made by all hospital libraries in central western Massachusetts showed that there were 4,368 requests for articles contained in 1,071 different periodical titles. The numbers of requests per title ranged from eighty-nine for one title to one for each of 123 titles. A graph of the data showed a geometric progression, and the Bradford constants for this dispersion averaged 1.28. The percentage of total requests related to the age of requested issues varied from 62.48% for items not over five years old and 78.15% for issues not over ten years, to 95.57% for materials not over thirty years old. Bradford constants averaged 2.13. Of the thirty most requested periodical titles, sixteen were published in foreign countries, as follows: England--ten; Netherlands--three; Australia--one; Canada--one; and Sweden--one. The study's significance included its total coverage of a relatively large and isolated region, its focus upon the records of requesting rather than lending libraries, and its analysis of interlibrary rather than in-house activities.

Morton, D J

1977-01-01

391

CSIRO Publishing Electronic Edition Journals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CSIRO Publishing, the Australian scientific and technical journal publisher, has recently introduced limited-time free electronic access to eight scholarly journals (Adobe Acrobat [.pdf] format only). The journals cover the fields of botany, agriculture, physics, zoology, soil research, plant physiology, and wildlife research; 1997 issues only are available at this time. In the next few months, five more journals are scheduled to come online, and all will be freely accessible at the site during 1997. After this, access will be restricted to subscribers. CSIRO journals "present the latest research by leading Australian and overseas scientists..., cover a wide range of sciences, [and]... are peer reviewed with a broad international readership."

1997-01-01

392

SIAM Journals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM) advances and promotes research that involves "the application of mathematics and computational science to engineering, industry, science and society." SIAM publishes eleven different journals, each one dedicated to a different topic within applied and computational mathematics. Paid subscription is required to access the journals online or to receive a print copy, but recently posted articles are available free online for one month at this website. From here, visitors can browse articles from the following journals: Multiscale Modeling and Simulation, SIAM Journal on Applied Dynamical Systems, SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics, SIAM Journal on Computing, SIAM Journal on Control and Optimization, SIAM Journal on Discrete Math, SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis, SIAM Journal on Matrix Analysis and Applications, SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis, SIAM Journal on Optimization, and SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing.

2005-11-04

393

SIAM Journals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM) advances and promotes research that involves "the application of mathematics and computational science to engineering, industry, science and society." SIAM publishes eleven different journals, each one dedicated to a different topic within applied and computational mathematics. Paid subscription is required to access the journals online or to receive a print copy, but recently posted articles are available free online for one month at this website. From here, visitors can browse articles from the following journals: Multiscale Modeling and Simulation, SIAM Journal on Applied Dynamical Systems, SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics, SIAM Journal on Computing, SIAM Journal on Control and Optimization, SIAM Journal on Discrete Math, SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis, SIAM Journal on Matrix Analysis and Applications, SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis, SIAM Journal on Optimization, and SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing.

394

Thermophysical properties of uranium dioxide - Version 0 for peer review  

SciTech Connect

Data on thermophysical properties of solid and liquid UO{sub 2} have been reviewed and critically assessed to obtain consistent thermophysical property recommendations for inclusion in the International Nuclear Safety Center Database on the World Wide Web (http://www.insc.anl.gov.). Thermodynamic properties that have been assessed are enthalpy, heat capacity, melting point, enthalpy of fusion, thermal expansion, density, surface tension, and vapor pressure. Transport properties that have been assessed are thermal conductivity, thermal diffusivity, viscosity, and emissivity. Summaries of the recommendations with uncertainties and detailed assessments for each property are included in this report and in the International Nuclear Safety Center Database for peer review. The assessments includes a review of the experiments and data, an examination of previous recommendations, the basis for selecting recommendations, a determination of uncertainties, and a comparison of recommendations with data and with previous recommendations. New data and research that have led to new recommendations include thermal expansion and density measurements of solid and liquid UO{sub 2}, derivation of physically-based equations for the thermal conductivity of solid UO{sub 2}, measurements of the heat capacity of liquid UO{sub 2}, and measurements and analysis of the thermal conductivity of liquid UO{sub 2}.

Fink, J.K.; Petri, M.C.

1997-02-01

395

Compendium of the eight articles on the “Carrington Event” attributed to or written by Elias Loomis in the American Journal of Science, 1859 1861  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The eight articles attributed to or written by Elias Loomis on the outstanding aurora and magnetic observations between 28 August and 5 September 1859 are assembled into one compilation for easy reference by contemporary researchers. The articles were originally published in the American Journal of Science between 1859 and 1861.

Shea, M. A.; Smart, D. F.

2006-01-01

396

Shedding Light on Thirteen Years of Darkness: Content Analysis of Articles Pertaining to Transgender Issues in Marriage/Couple and Family Therapy Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is the extent to which marriage/couple and family therapy (M/CFT) journals address transgender issues and how many of them say they are inclusive of transgender persons when they are not? To answer these queries, a content analysis was conducted on articles published in M/CFT literature from 1997 through 2009. Of the 10,739 articles examined…

Blumer, Markie L. C.; Green, Mary S.; Knowles, Sarah J.; Williams, April

2012-01-01

397

A Study of the Frequency with Which Russian, French and German Scientific Articles Are Cited in Selected American Scientific Journals.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Citations to the Selected Russian Journals have gradually increased over the years from 1951 through 1964 in the six U. S. journals covered by the study. During the same period of time, citations to German journals declined markedly and citations to Frenc...

1966-01-01

398

What is the purpose of launching World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics?  

PubMed Central

The first issue of World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics (WJGPT), whose preparatory work was initiated on September 27, 2008, will be published on February 6, 2010. The WJGPT Editorial Board has now been established and consists of 188 distinguished experts from 36 countries. Our purpose of launching WJGPT is to publish peer-reviewed, high-quality articles via an open-access online publishing model, thereby acting as a platform for communication between peers and the wider public, and maximizing the benefits to editorial board members, authors and readers.

Ma, Lian-Sheng

2010-01-01

399

What is the purpose of launching World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery?  

PubMed Central

The first issue of World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery (WJGS), whose preparatory work was initiated on September 27, 2008, will be published on November 30, 2009. The WJGS Editorial Board has now been established and consists of 328 distinguished experts from 35 countries. Our purpose of launching WJGS is to publish peer-reviewed, high-quality articles via an open-access online publishing model, thereby acting as a platform for communication between peers and the wider public, and maximizing the benefits to editorial board members, authors and readers.

Ma, Lian-Sheng

2009-01-01

400

What is the purpose of launching World Journal of Stem Cells?  

PubMed Central

The first issue of World Journal of Stem Cells (WJSC), whose preparatory work was initiated on September 27, 2008, will be published on December 31, 2009. The WJSC Editorial Board has now been established and consists of 281 distinguished experts from 28 countries. Our purpose of launching WJSC is to publish peer-reviewed, high-quality articles via an open-access online publishing model, thereby acting as a platform for communication between peers and the wider public, and maximizing the benefits to editorial board members, authors and readers.

Ma, Lian-Sheng

2009-01-01

401

What is the purpose of launching World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology?  

PubMed Central

The first issue of World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology (WJGO), whose preparatory work was initiated on September 27, 2008, will be published on October 15, 2009. The WJGO Editorial Board has now been established and consists of 210 distinguished experts from 32 countries. Our purpose of launching WJGO is to publish peer-reviewed, high-quality articles via an open-access online publishing model, thereby acting as a platform for communication between peers and the wider public, and maximizing the benefits to editorial board members, authors and readers.

Ma, Lian-Sheng

2009-01-01

402

What is the purpose of launching World Journal of Clinical Oncology?  

PubMed Central

The first issue of World Journal of Clinical Oncology (WJCO), whose preparatory work was initiated on December 20, 2009, will be published on November 10, 2010. The WJCO Editorial Board has now been established and consists of 315 distinguished experts from 33 countries. Our purpose of launching WJCO is to publish peer-reviewed, high-quality articles via an open-access online publishing model, thereby acting as a platform for communication between peers and the wider public, and maximizing the benefits to editorial board members, authors and readers.

Ma, Lian-Sheng

2010-01-01

403

What is the purpose of launching World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy?  

PubMed Central

The first issue of World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (WJGE), whose preparatory work was initiated on October 13, 2008, will be published on October 15, 2009. The WJGE Editorial Board has now been established and consists of 97 distinguished experts from 24 countries. Our purpose of launching WJGE is to publish peer-reviewed, high-quality articles via an open-access online publishing model, thereby acting as a platform for communication between peers and the wider public, and maximizing the benefits to editorial board members, authors and readers.

Ma, Lian-Sheng

2009-01-01

404

What is the purpose of launching World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology?  

PubMed Central

The first issue of World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology (WJGP), whose preparatory work was initiated in June, 2009, is published on April 15, 2010. The WJGP Editorial Board has now been established and consists of 154 distinguished experts from 27 countries. Our purpose of launching WJGP is to publish peer-reviewed, high-quality articles via an open-access online publishing model, thereby acting as a platform for communication between peers and the wider public, and maximizing the benefits to editorial board members, authors and readers.

Ma, Lian-Sheng

2010-01-01

405

What is the purpose of launching World Journal of Biological Chemistry?  

PubMed Central

The first issue of World Journal of Biological Chemistry (WJBC), whose preparatory work was initiated on July 01, 2009, will be published on January 26, 2010. The WJBC Editorial Board has now been established and consists of 341 distinguished experts from 37 countries. Our purpose of launching WJBC is to publish peer-reviewed, high-quality articles via an open-access online publishing model, thereby acting as a platform for communication between peers and the wider public, and maximizing the benefits to editorial board members, authors and readers.

Ma, Lian-Sheng

2010-01-01

406

EMCRO - An Evaluation of Experimental Medical Care Review Organizations: Criteria in Peer Review.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One of the most significant outputs of the EMCRO program, funded by the National Center for Health Services Research, has been the peer review criteria developed by the various EMCRO projects. Although sixteen EMCRO projects were funded, this volume analy...

1974-01-01

407

SUMMARY REPORT OF THE PEER REVIEW WORKSHOP ON THE NEUROTOXICITY OF TETRACHLOROETHYLENE (PERCHLOROETHYLENE) DISCUSSION PAPER  

EPA Science Inventory

The report, Summary Report of the Peer Review Workshop on the Neurotoxicity of Tetrachloroethylene (Perchloroethylene) Discussion , summarizes the discussions at a February 25, 2004, workshop that brought together recognized scientific experts to engage in a public discussi...

408

42 CFR 52h.3 - Establishment and operation of peer review groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

(a) To the extent applicable, the Federal Advisory Committee Act, as amended (5 U.S.C. appendix 2) and chapter 9 of the DHHS General Administration Manual 1 shall govern the establishment and operation of peer review groups....

2012-10-01

409

Research on advertising in Asia: a critical analysis of the articles published in major advertising and communication journals, 1990–2009  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study content-analyzed scholarly articles on advertising in Asia published in four major journals in advertising and communication from 1990 to 2009. Findings included trends in research output, countries\\/territories studied, and media covered. Topical, theoretical, and methodological trends in those articles were also identified. Comparisons between the articles published in the 1990s and 2000s were made. Findings and their implications

Hong Cheng; Kwangmi Ko Kim

2010-01-01

410

On exemplary scientific conduct regarding submission of manuscripts to biomedical informatics journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the Editors of leading international biomedical informatics journals, the authors report on a recent pattern of improper manuscript submissions to journals in our field. As a guide for future authors, we describe ethical and pragmatic issues related to submitting work for peer-reviewed journal publication. We propose a coordinated approach to the problem that our respective journals will follow. This

Randolph A. Miller; Arie Hasman; Charles Safran; Reinhold Haux; Alexa T. Mccray; Torgny Groth; Edward H. Shortliffe

2006-01-01

411

Journal Article, full text  

SciTech Connect

Single-wall carbon nanotube #1;SWCNT#2; networks form a highly transparent and electrically conductive thin film that can be used to replace traditional transparent conducting oxides #1;TCOs#2; in a variety of applications. Here, the authors demonstrate their use as a transparent back contact in a near-infrared #1;NIR#2; transparent CdTe solar cell. SWCNT networks are hole-selective conductors and have a significantly greater NIR transparency than TCOs—qualities which could both make them very useful in tandem thin-film solar cells. SWCNT networks can be incorporated into single-junction CdTe devices and in CdTe top cells for mechanically stacked thin-film tandem devices, as described here. The best device efficiency using SWCNTs in the back contact was 12.4%, with 40%–50% transmission between 800 and 1500 nm.

T. M. Barnes; X. Wu; J. Zhou; A. Duda; J. van de Lagemaat; C. L. Weeks; D. A. Britz; P. Glatkowski; T. J. Coutts

2007-06-11

412

Journal of Memetics: Evolutionary Models of Information Transmission  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This peer-reviewed academic journal, sponsored by the Centre for Policy Modelling, the Prinicipia Cybernetica Project, and the Faculty of Systems Engineering, Policy Analysis, and Management at Delft University of Technology (Netherlands), "offers a forum where theories and the philosophy of memes and evolution are in the centre, not just at the edge of the issues journals want to cover." The evolutionary perspective in many different disciplines is addressed in articles such as "Cultural R/K Selection," "The Origin and Evolution of Culture and Creativity," and "Macromemetics: Towards a Framework for the Re-unification of Philosophy." At this site interested users can also consult a large (over 180 works) bibliography, a history of memetics, and a lexicon of its terms.

1997-01-01

413

Humanimalia: A journal of human/animal interface studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The website for the new journal Humanimalia, published by DePauw University, recently released its first issue. The appeal and importance of the journal goes beyond appearance, as the journal states that the study of the human/animal interface has been a "neglected" area of research. In the "Humanimalifesto" link, a lengthy explanation is given, and it notes that one of the main goals of the journal is "to approach animal/human interfaces without relying on stigmatizing critique of philosophical, political, or cultural antagonists." The first issue consists of articles and reviews, including an article called "Hooters for Neuters: Sexist Transgressive Animal Advocacy Campaign?" and a review of the popular Michael Pollan book, "The Omnivore's Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals". Visitors interested in submitting an article to the peer-reviewed, interdisciplinary journal should check out the guidelines in the "Call-for-Papers" link on the left side of the page. The "Notes and Bulletins" link, also on the left side of the page, has a notice of an Animal Studies meeting at NYU, and the "Links" area includes information on upcoming conferences.

414

Peer Review and Scholarship for Curriculum and Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the author's experiences and developments as editor of this journal for 13 years. Considers his successes and his "failures"--business left undone. Points out directions for the future at the time of his resignation as editor. (SG)

Crook, James A.

2001-01-01

415

PeerReview Analysis and Re-evaluation for Accountability in Distributed Systems or Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Accountability implies that any entity should be held responsible for its own specific action or behavior so that the entity is part of a larger chain of accountability. PeerReview [1] is designed as a practical system that provides accountability for distributed systems. A key assumption in PeerReview is that a message sent from one correct node to another will be eventually received. In the real world, however, message loss is commonplace and unavoidable due to the dynamics and uncertainties of the current Internet, and it prevents a message from always reaching its destination. Beginning with this point, we have comprehensively analyzed the behavior of PeerReview with the assumption that, eventually, a message will probably be lost. We have shown that PeerReview would be unable to maintain its completeness and accuracy under such a circumstance. We present six possible errors and the causes from which they originate. We re-evaluated PeerReview with two newly defined metrics, Node Accountability and System Accountability, which are employed to assess the degree of system accountability. Simulation results show that message loss decreases the performance of PeerReview in terms of both metrics.

Xiao, Zhifeng; Xiao, Yang

416

The predictive validity of peer review: A selective review of the judgmental forecasting qualities of peers, and implications for innovation in science  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this review we investigate what the available data on the predictive validity of peer review can add to our understanding of judgmental forecasting. We found that peer review attests to the relative success of judgmental forecasting by experts. Both manuscript and group-based peer review allow, on average, for accurate decisions to be made. However, tension exists between peer review

Wim G. G. Benda; Tim C. E. Engels

2011-01-01

417

PEER REVIEW COMMENTS AND EPA'S RESPONSE FOR THE PROPOSED INDICATORS FOR THE U.S. EPA'S 2007 REPORT ON THE ENVIRONMENT: TECHNICAL DOCUMENT (EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW)  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of this site is to present the External Peer Review comments and EPA's responses, as well as to display the revised indicators that will be incorporated into EPA's 2007 Report on the Environment: Technical Document. Initially, proposed indicators and then a...

418

Library and Information Science Research Areas: A Content Analysis of Articles from the Top 10 Journals 2007-8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study seeks to describe and analyze journal research publications in the top 10 Library and Information Science journals from 2007-8. The paper presents a statistical descriptive analysis of authorship patterns (geographical distribution and affiliation) and keywords. Furthermore, it displays a thorough content analysis of keywords and…

Aharony, Noa

2012-01-01

419

MEASUREMENT OF OAK TREE DENSITY WITH LANDSAT TM DATA FOR ESTIMATING BIOGENIC ISOPRENE EMISSIONS IN TENNESSEE, USA: JOURNAL ARTICLE  

EPA Science Inventory

JOURNAL NRMRL-RTP-P- 437 Baugh, W., Klinger, L., Guenther, A., and Geron*, C.D. Measurement of Oak Tree Density with Landsat TM Data for Estimating Biogenic Isoprene Emissions in Tennessee, USA. International Journal of Remote Sensing (Taylor and Francis) 22 (14):2793-2810 (2001)...

420

ON-ROAD FACILITY TO MEASURE AND CHARACTERIZE EMISSIONS FROM HEAVY-DUTY DIESEL VEHICLES:JOURNAL ARTICLE  

EPA Science Inventory

JOURNAL NRMRL-RTP-P- 559 Brown, J.E., King*, F.G., Mitchell, W., Squier, W., Harris*, D.B., and Kinsey*, J.S. On-Road Facility to Measure and Characterize Emissions from Heavy-Duty Diesel Vehicles. Accepted by: Journal of Air and Waste Management Association 52 (4):388-395...

421

A workstation-integrated peer review quality assurance program: pilot study  

PubMed Central

Background The surrogate indicator of radiological excellence that has become accepted is consistency of assessments between radiologists, and the technique that has become the standard for evaluating concordance is peer review. This study describes the results of a workstation-integrated peer review program in a busy outpatient radiology practice. Methods Workstation-based peer review was performed using the software program Intelerad Peer Review. Cases for review were randomly chosen from those being actively reported. If an appropriate prior study was available, and if the reviewing radiologist and the original interpreting radiologist had not exceeded review targets, the case was scored using the modified RADPEER system. Results There were 2,241 cases randomly assigned for peer review. Of selected cases, 1,705 (76%) were interpreted. Reviewing radiologists agreed with prior reports in 99.1% of assessments. Positive feedback (score 0) was given in three cases (0.2%) and concordance (scores of 0 to 2) was assigned in 99.4%, similar to reported rates of 97.0% to 99.8%. Clinically significant discrepancies (scores of 3 or 4) were identified in 10 cases (0.6%). Eighty-eight percent of reviewed radiologists found the reviews worthwhile, 79% found scores appropriate, and 65% felt feedback was appropriate. Two-thirds of radiologists found case rounds discussing significant discrepancies to be valuable. Conclusions The workstation-based computerized peer review process used in this pilot project was seamlessly incorporated into the normal workday and met most criteria for an ideal peer review system. Clinically significant discrepancies were identified in 0.6% of cases, similar to published outcomes using the RADPEER system. Reviewed radiologists felt the process was worthwhile.

2013-01-01

422

Research in Outdoor Education, Volume 6. A Peer-Reviewed Publication of Scholarship First Presented at the Biennial Research Symposium of the Coalition for Education in the Outdoors (6th, Bradford Woods, Indiana, January 11-13, 2002).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contains peer-reviewed research articles and abstracts based on papers presented at the sixth biennial research symposium of the Coalition for Education in the Outdoors. Introductory materials include the editors' introduction, "Milestones in Outdoor Education" (Anderson B. Young), and a tribute to the founder of the Indiana University…

Bialeschki, M. Deborah, Ed.; Henderson, Karla A., Ed.; Young, Anderson B., Ed.; Andrejewski, Robert G., Ed.

423

Are Reports of Randomized Controlled Trials Improving over Time? A Systematic Review of 284 Articles Published in High-Impact General and Specialized Medical Journals  

PubMed Central

Background Inadequate reporting undermines findings of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). This study assessed and compared articles published in high-impact general medical and specialized journals. Methods Reports of RCTs published in high-impact general and specialized medical journals were identified through a search of MEDLINE from January to March of 1995, 2000, 2005, and 2010. Articles that provided original data on adult patients diagnosed with chronic conditions were included in the study. Data on trial characteristics, reporting of allocation concealment, quality score, and the presence of a trial flow diagram were extracted independently by two reviewers, and discrepancies were resolved by consensus or independent adjudication. Descriptive statistics were used for quantitative variables. Comparisons between general medical and specialized journals, and trends over time were performed using Chi-square tests. Results Reports of 284 trials were analyzed. There was a significantly higher proportion of RCTs published with adequate reporting of allocation concealment (p?=?0.003), presentation of a trial flow diagram (p<0.0001) and high quality scores (p?=?0.038) over time. Trials published in general medical journals had higher quality scores than those in specialized journals (p?=?0.001), reported adequate allocation concealment more often (p?=?0.013), and presented a trial flow diagram more often (p<0.001). Interpretation We found significant improvements in reporting quality of RCTs published in high-impact factor journals over the last fifteen years. These improvements are likely attributed to concerted international efforts to improve reporting quality such as CONSORT. There is still much room for improvement, especially among specialized journals.

To, Matthew J.; Jones, Jennifer; Emara, Mohamed; Jadad, Alejandro R.

2013-01-01

424

Cost and Citation Data for 5399 Scientific Journal in Connection with Journal Price-Setting, Copyright Laws and the Use of Bibliometric Data for Project Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bibliotheconomic (cost) and bibliometric (citation) data have been coupled for 5399 journals in the Journal Citation Reports (Science Citation Index) of 1990, after rearranging and averaging them for 12 major and classical scientific disciplines. Trends are discussed in connection with peer review of scientific projects using impact data, with anomalous price-settings for journals and with effects of copyright laws on

G. Van Hooydonk

1996-01-01

425

Discussion of Comments from a Peer Review of A Technique for Human Event Anlysis (ATHEANA)  

SciTech Connect

In May of 1998, a technical basis and implementation guidelines document for A Technique for Human Event Analysis (ATHEANA) was issued as a draft report for public comment (NUREG-1624). In conjunction with the release of draft NUREG- 1624, a peer review of the new human reliability analysis method its documentation and the results of an initial test of the method was held over a two-day period in June 1998 in Seattle, Washington. Four internationally known and respected experts in HK4 or probabilistic risk assessment were selected to serve as the peer reviewers. In addition, approximately 20 other individuals with an interest in HRA and ATHEANA also attended the peer and were invited to provide comments. The peer review team was asked to comment on any aspect of the method or the report in which improvements could be made and to discuss its strengths and weaknesses. They were asked to focus on two major aspects: Are the basic premises of ATHEANA on solid ground and is the conceptual basis adequate? Is the ATHEANA implementation process adequate given the description of the intended users in the documentation? The four peer reviewers asked questions and provided oral comments during the peer review meeting and provided written comments approximately two weeks after the completion of the meeting. This paper discusses their major comments.

Bley, D.C.; Cooper, S.E.; Forester, J.A.; Kolaczkowski, A.M.; Ramey-Smith, A,; Wreathall J.

1999-01-28

426

Journal Editorial Policies, Animal Welfare, and the 3Rs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluates the editorial policies of a randomized sample of English language peer-reviewed journals that publish original research involving the use of animals. The aim is to identify whether journals have editorial policies relating to the use of animals in the research that they are prepared to publish and whether any policies are likely to promote animal welfare and

Nicola J. Osborne; Daisy Payne; Michael L. Newman

2009-01-01

427

[Comment on ``Implementing the peer review process in AGU publications'' and ``JGR peer review suggestion''] publish rejections  

Microsoft Academic Search

The discussions of the review process by Baum [1984] and Dessler [1984] have been of considerable interest to me, as was the comment of Baker [1985]. These letters are particularly applicable to my situation because for more than 5 years, I have tried to publish (in two AGU journals and elsewhere) what has proven to be a controversial idea: Namely,

James N. Murdock

1987-01-01

428

Welcome to Journal of Foot and Ankle Research: a new open access journal for foot health professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Journal of Foot and Ankle Research (JFAR) is a new, open access, peer-reviewed online journal that encompasses all aspects of policy, organisation, delivery and clinical practice related to the assessment, diagnosis, prevention and management of foot and ankle disorders. JFAR will cover a wide range of clinical subject areas, including diabetology, paediatrics, sports medicine, gerontology and geriatrics, foot surgery, physical

Hylton B Menz; Mike J Potter; Alan M Borthwick; Karl B Landorf

2008-01-01

429

The Impact of Electronic Journals on Scholarly Communication: A Citation Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"The Impact of Electronic Journals on Scholarly Communication: A Citation Analysis," a refereed article by Stephen P. Harter of the University of Indiana, appeared in the Public-Access Computer Systems Review, (Vol. 7, No. 5), and is available. It "reports hard empirical data on the impact of the first wave of e-journals on the scholarly communities they serve. It assesses the extent to which scholars and researchers are aware of, are influenced by, and build their own work upon research published in e-journals. It does this by examining the artifacts of scholarly communication--the journal article and the references it makes." The study, based on citation data collected in February 1996, concludes that "the great majority of scholarly, peer-reviewed e-journals have had essentially no impact on scholarly communication in their respective fields. Only eight of the 39 e-journals studied have been cited ten or more times over their lifetimes. Given that eleven of the e-journals have print counterparts, these findings are especially telling."

Harter, Stephen P.

1996-01-01

430

The Electronic Astrophysical Journal Letters project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American Astronomical Society has developed a comprehensive system for the electronic dissemination of refereed astronomical research results. Our current focus is the production of an electronic version of the Astrophysical Journal Letters. With the help of a recent National Science Foundation grant, we have developed a system that includes: LATEX-based manuscript preparation, electronic submission, peer review, production, development of

H. J. Dalterio; P. B. Boyce; C. Biemesderfer; A. Warnock III; E. Owens; J. Fullton

1995-01-01

431

Research Digest: TESOL Topics in Other Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This section presents brief synopses of empirical research and theoretical discussions in peer-reviewed journals. The aim is to disseminate findings and perspectives in fields related to TESOL and to provide access to the diverse conversations among scholars in the field.

Michael-Luna, Sara, Ed.

2008-01-01

432

Research Digest: TESOL Topics in Other Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This section presents brief synopses of empirical research and theoretical discussions in peer reviewed journals. The aim is to disseminate findings and perspectives in fields related to TESOL and to provide access to the diverse conversations among scholars in the field.

Michael-Luna, Sara, Ed.

2009-01-01

433

Differences in reporting serious adverse events in industry sponsored clinical trial registries and journal articles on antidepressant and antipsychotic drugs: a cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the degree of concordance in reporting serious adverse events (SAEs) from antidepressant and antipsychotic drug trials among journal articles and clinical trial summaries, and to categorise types of discrepancies. Design Cross-sectional study of summaries of all antidepressant and antipsychotic trials included in an online trial registry and their first associated stand-alone journal articles. Setting Clinicalstudyresults.org, sponsored by Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America; clinicaltrials.gov, administered by the US National Institutes of Health. Main outcome measure 3 coders extracted data on the numbers and types of SAEs. Results 244 trial summaries for six antidepressant and antipsychotic drugs were retrieved, 142 (58.2%) listing an associated article. Of 1608 SAEs in drug-treated participants according to trial summaries, 694 (43.2%) did not appear in associated articles. Nearly 60% of SAEs counted in articles and 41% in trial summaries had no description. Most cases of death (62.3%) and suicide (53.3%) were not reported in articles. Half or more of the 142 pairs were discordant in reporting the number (49.3%) or description (67.6%) of SAEs. These discrepancies resulted from journal articles’ (1) omission of complete SAE data, (2) reporting acute phase study results only and (3) more restrictive reporting criteria. Trial summaries with zero SAE were 2.35 (95% CI, 1.58 to 3.49; p<0.001) times more likely to be published with no discrepancy in their associated journal article. Since clinicalstudyresults.org was removed from the Internet in 2011, only 7.8% of retrieved trial summaries appear with results on clinicaltrials.gov. Conclusions Substantial discrepancies exist in SAE data found in journal articles and registered summaries of antidepressant and antipsychotic drug trials. Two main scientific sources accessible to clinicians and researchers are limited by incomplete, ambiguous and inconsistent reporting. Access to complete and accurate data from clinical trials of drugs currently in use remains a pressing concern.

Hughes, Shannon; Cohen, David; Jaggi, Rachel

2014-01-01

434

Social marketing of water and sanitation products: a systematic review of peer-reviewed literature.  

PubMed

Like commercial marketing, social marketing uses the 4 "Ps" and seeks exchange of value between the marketer and consumer. Behaviors such as handwashing, and products such as those for oral rehydration treatment (ORT), can be marketed like commercial products in developing countries. Although social marketing in these areas is growing, there has been no systematic review of the current state of practice, research and evaluation. We searched the literature for published peer-reviewed studies available through major online publication databases. We identified manuscripts in the health, social science, and business literature on social marketing that used at least one of the 4 Ps of marketing and had a behavioral objective targeting the behaviors or products related to improving water and sanitation. We developed formalized decision rules and applied them in identifying articles for review. We initially identified 117 articles and reviewed a final set of 32 that met our criteria. Social marketing is a widespread strategy. Marketing efforts have created high levels of awareness of health threats and solutions, including behavior change and socially marketed products. There is widespread use of the 4 Ps of marketing, with price interventions being the least common. Evaluations show consistent improvements in behavioral mediators but mixed results in behavior change. Interventions have successfully used social marketing following widely recommended strategies. Future evaluations need to focus on mediators that explain successful behavior change in order to identify best practices and improve future programs. More rigorous evaluations including quasi-experimental designs and randomized trials are needed. More consistent reporting of evaluation results that permits meta-analysis of effects is needed. PMID:24704890

Evans, W D; Pattanayak, S K; Young, S; Buszin, J; Rai, S; Bihm, Jasmine Wallace

2014-06-01

435

Climate change, conservation and management: an assessment of the peer-reviewed scientific journal literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent reviews of the conservation literature indicate that significant biases exist in the published literature regarding\\u000a the regions, ecosystems and species that have been examined by researchers. Despite the global threat of climatic change,\\u000a similar biases may be occurring within the sub-discipline of climate-change ecology. Here we hope to foster critical thought\\u000a and discussion by considering the directions taken by

Adam Felton; Joern Fischer; David B. Lindenmayer; Rebecca Montague-Drake; Arianne R. Lowe; Debbie Saunders; Annika M. Felton; Will Steffen; Nicola T. Munro; Kara Youngentob; Jake Gillen; Phil Gibbons; Judsen E. Bruzgul; Ioan Fazey; Suzi J. Bond; Carole P. Elliott; Ben C. T. Macdonald; Luciana L. Porfirio; Martin Westgate; Martin Worthy

2009-01-01

436

Publishing integrative landscape research: analysis of editorial policies of peer-reviewed journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Integrative research concepts such as interdisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity are gaining currency in landscape research as well as in the broader context of environmental science. Hence an increasing number of projects apply these approaches. Nonetheless, several epistemological and structural barriers hamper the operationalization of integrative research. Difficulty in publishing results from integrative research is referred to as one of the key

Gunther Tress; Bärbel Tress; Gary Fry

2006-01-01

437

International Journal of Molecular Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published online by MDPI (Molecular Diversity Preservation International), the International Journal of Molecular Sciences has posted its first issue as of January 2000. This peer-reviewed quarterly aims to provide "an advanced forum for chemistry, molecular physics (chemical physics and physical chemistry) and molecular biology," while also publishing reviews and short notes. The first issue is brief, and currently, the journal is calling for papers. The journal is free for the time being. To gain access, users are required send in an email to obtain a free user-ID and password.

438

International Journal of Molecular Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published online by MDPI (Molecular Diversity Preservation International), the International Journal of Molecular Sciences has posted its first issue as of January 2000. This peer-reviewed quarterly aims to provide "an advanced forum for chemistry, molecular physics (chemical physics and physical chemistry) and molecular biology," while also publishing reviews and short notes. The first issue is brief, and currently, the journal is calling for papers. The journal is free for the time being. To gain access, users are required send in an email to obtain a free user-ID and password.

2007-08-08

439

Development, implementation and evaluation of a peer review of teaching (PRoT) initiative in nursing education.  

PubMed

For many years, an area of research in higher education has been emerging around the development and implementation of fair and effective peer evaluation programs. Recently, a new body of knowledge has developed regarding the development and implementation of fair and effective peer evaluation programs resulting in formative and summative evaluations. The purpose of this article is to describe the development, implementation, and evaluation of a peer review of teaching (PRoT) program for nursing faculty, initiated at one small comprehensive university in the northeastern United States. Pairs of nursing faculty evaluated each other's teaching, syllabi, and course materials after collaborating in a pre-evaluation conference to discuss goals of the classroom visit. Qualitative data gathered in post project focus groups revealed that faculty found their modified PRoT process to be a mutually beneficial experience that was more useful, flexible and collegial, and less stressful than their previous evaluation process. PMID:24893326

Mager, Diana R; Kazer, Meredith W; Conelius, Jaclyn; Shea, Joyce; Lippman, Doris T; Torosyan, Roben; Nantz, Kathryn

2014-01-01

440

Peer Review of Teaching: Lessons Learned from the University of Kentucky  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Kentucky Department of Agronomy instituted a system of peer review of teaching in 1996. Professors observe the teaching of their peers with the intent of helping one another improve. Reviews usually include a preliminary meeting between the instructor and two reviewers, several in-class visits, some analysis of classroom materials, and a wrap-up meeting. The peer review program now has met with cautious but general approval from participating faculty. By spring 1999, reviews were completed for 20 classes, 15 of which are considered in this analysis.

Bhavsar, Victoria; Grabau, Larry

441

Learning through Publishing "The Pi Sigma Alpha Undergraduate Journal of Politics"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Publishing a research journal can be a rewarding and useful learning experience for undergraduate students. Drawing upon our experiences with "The Pi Sigma Alpha Undergraduate Journal of Politics," we describe the benefits of producing a peer-reviewed journal. Among the benefits we highlight are gains in political science knowledge, increased…

Bauer, Benjamin J.; Ogas, Whitney C.; Shakir, Omar R.; Oxley, Zoe M.; Clawson, Rosalee A.

2009-01-01

442

BIOGEOCHEMICAL CONTROLS ON REACTION OF SEDIMENTARY ORGANIC MATTER AND AQUEOUS SULFIDES IN HOLOCENE SEDIMENTS OF MUD LAKE FLORIDA: JOURNAL ARTICLE  

EPA Science Inventory

JOURNAL NRMRL-ADA-00133 Filley,T.R., Freeman, K.H., Wilkin*, R.T., and Hatcher, P.G. Biogeochemical Controls on Reaction of Sedimentary Organic Matter and Aqueous Sulfides in Holocene Sediments of Mud Lake Florida. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 66 (6):937-954...

443

EVALUATION OF TWO LEAD-BASED PAINT REMOVAL AND WASTE STABILIZATION TECHNOLOGY COMBINATIONS ON TYPICAL EXTERIOR SURFACES: JOURNAL ARTICLE  

EPA Science Inventory

NRMRL-CIN-1624 Daniels*, A., Kominsky, J.R., and Clark*, P.J. Evaluation of Two Lead-Based Paint Removal and Waste Stabilization Technology Combinations on Typical Exterior Surfaces. Published in: Journal of Hazardous Materials 87 (1-3):117-126 (2001). 10/04/2001 A study was co...

444

SIMULTANEOUS CONTROL OF HG(0), SO2, AND NOX BY NOVEL OXIDIZED CALCIUM-BASED SORBENTS: JOURNAL ARTICLE  

EPA Science Inventory

NRMRL-RTP-P-593a Ghorishi, S.B., Singer, C., Jozewicz, W., Sedman*, C.B., and Srivastava*, R.K. Simultaneous Control of Hg(0), SO2, and NOx by Novel Oxidized Calcium-Based Sorbents. Journal of Air & Waste Management Association 52 (3):273-278 (2002). EPA/600/J-02/189, http://w...

445

THE EMERGING FOCUS ON LIFE-CYCLE ASSESSMENT IN THE U. S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY: JOURNAL ARTICLE  

EPA Science Inventory

NRML-1126A Curran*, M.A. The Emerging Focus on Life-Cycle Assessment in the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency. 3rd Dixy Lee Ray memorial Sym, Washington, DC, 12/29-31/00. Techology: Journal of the Franklin Institute (Moghissi, A.A. (Ed.)) 8:287-290 (2002). EPA/600/J-02/239,...

446

Final technical report for the Award DE-FG02-08ER64574, with list of 30 refereed journal articles that acknowledge support from this award.  

SciTech Connect

In this project, we focused on applications of the new warm-rain and ice microphysics schemes to simulate various cloud systems. The overall goal was either to evaluate and improve specific aspects of the schemes (through comparisons with ARM/ASR observations) or to understand the coupling between aerosols, cloud microphysics and cloud dynamics in variety of situations. These studies are relevant to the indirect impact of atmospheric aerosols on climate. Below we report on selected key aspects of the research and then list all peer-reviewed papers that acknowledge support from this grant. Overall, studies partially supported by this grant resulted in 30 peer-reviewed publications (listed below), several dozens of conference presentations (including posters and oral presentations at the ASR Science Team Meetings), and two PhD dissertations. More detailed summaries of our accomplishments are included in yearly reports. Here we summarize only major efforts.

Wojciech W. Grabowski

2012-04-02

447

Probabilistic safety assessment PEER review: Case study on the use of probabilistic safety assessment for safety decisions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this case study is to illustrate, using an actual example, the organizing and carrying out of an independent peer review of a draft full-scope (level 3) probabilistic safety assessment. The specific findings of the peer review are of less i...

1989-01-01

448

How to review journal manuscripts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reviewing manuscripts is central to editorial peer review, which arose in the early 1900s in response to the editor's need for expert advice to help select quality articles from numerous submissions. Most reviewers learn by trial and error, often giving up along the way because the process is far from intuitive. This primer will help minimize errors and maximize enjoyment

Richard M. Rosenfeld

2010-01-01

449

Interrater Reliability to Assure Valid Content in Peer Review of CME-Accredited Presentations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) provides guidelines for continuing medical education (CME) materials to mitigate problems in the independence or validity of content in certified activities; however, the process of peer review of materials appears largely unstudied and the reproducibility of…

Quigg, Mark; Lado, Fred A.

2009-01-01

450

Incorporating a Substantial Writing Assignment into Organic Chemistry: Library Research, Peer Review, and Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

A substantial writing assignment in an organic chemistry course provides a means of allowing students to direct their own learning about a specific application of organic chemistry. The use of peer review provided additional benefits: students learned organic chemistry from reading each others' papers and learned more about how classmates write about chemistry. Recommendations about how best to collaborate with

Ivan A. Shibley Jr.; Louis K. Milakofsky; Cynthia L. Nicotera

2001-01-01

451

Conflict Management: From Adversary to Advocate. Peer Review and Employee Advocacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The successful organization of the 1990s will fundamentally remake its employee relationship, especially through increased employee influence on the nature of work, organizational context, and quality of product/service. An employee advocacy peer review conflict resolution process has been useful in improving labor relations and enhancing the…

Mauer, George W.

1992-01-01

452

The Future of Peer Review in the Humanities Is Wide Open  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nobody likes the current system of peer review, and most everybody agrees it should move online. But from there, opinions diverge. As humanities editors continue to experiment with Web-based technology, two proposed online tools are highlighting disagreement over what needs fixing. Peter H. Sigal, a blue-haired associate professor of history at…

Mole, Beth

2012-01-01

453

Calibrated Peer Review Essays Increase Student Confidence in Assessing Their Own Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The online writing software Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) is a useful tool for assigning writing assignments in large college classes. In this system, students submit essays online and are guided in how to rate essays using criteria written by the instructor. The instructor does not have to grade the essays, and CPR has educational benefits that…

Likkel, Lauren

2012-01-01

454

Peer Review Organization Program Manual (HCFA PUB 19) Through Revision 61.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Peer Review Organization (PRO) Manual is a set of operating instructions designed to provide clarification and guidance to PROs in implementing and carrying out their required review functions. It serves as a guide to assist the PROs in meeting their ...

1996-01-01

455

The Long Shadow of Peer Review on the Preparation of Artist Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recruitment and retention of the highest-quality artist educators in colleges and universities is a key element in supporting strong K-12 arts education programs. Artist educators must be expert in at least two disciplines: their art forms and education. However, the peer review processes commonly employed to recommend higher education faculty…

Walker, Loretta Niebur

2013-01-01

456

Influence of interdisciplinarity on peer-review and bibliometric evaluations in physics research  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is often argued that interdisciplinary research is valued less in both qualitative (peer-review based) as well as in quantitative (bibliometric) assessments. A recent extensive, nation-wide evaluation of all academic physics groups in the Netherlands allowed us to investigate this problem empirically. Therefore, we first developed an operationalization of ‘interdisciplinarity’. On the basis of our findings, we refute the above

E. J. Rinia; Th. N. van Leeuwen; H. G. van Vuren; A. F. J. van Raan

2001-01-01

457

HUDSON RIVER PCBS SUPERFUND SITE RECORD OF DECISION PERFORMANCE STANDARDS PEER REVIEW  

EPA Science Inventory

The independent external peer review of dredging resuspension, PCB residuals, and production rate performance standards and the attendant monitoring program, as well as a report prepared at the end of the first phase of dredging. The report will allow comparison of dredging oper...

458

HUDSON RIVER PCBs SITE Peer Review of Phase 1 DredgingFinal Report  

EPA Science Inventory

This report summarizes the independent peer review of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Phase 1 Evaluation Report, the General Electric Company (GE) Phase 1 Evaluation Report, and supporting information. The Phase 1 Evaluation Reports presented EPA and GE?s evaluati...

459

The Convergence of Digital-Libraries and the Peer-Review Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pre-print repositories have seen a significant increase in use over the past fifteen years across multiple research domains. Researchers are beginning to develop applications capable of using these repositories to assist the scientific community above and beyond the pure dissemination of information. The contributions set forth by this paper emphasize a deconstructed publication model in which the peer-review process is

Marko A. Rodriguez; Johan Bollen; Herbert Van De Sompel

2005-01-01

460

Peering at peer review revealed high degree of chance associated with funding of grant applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and ObjectivesThere is a persistent degree of uncertainty and dissatisfaction with the peer review process underlining the need to validate the current grant awarding procedures. This study compared the CLassic Structured Scientific In-depth two reviewer critique (CLASSIC) with an all panel members' independent ranking method (RANKING). Eleven reviewers, reviewed 32 applications for a pilot project competition at a major

Nancy E. Mayo; James Brophy; Mark S. Goldberg; Marina B. Klein; Sydney Miller; Robert W. Platt; Judith Ritchie

2006-01-01

461

Interactive open access publishing and collaborative peer review for improved scientific communication and quality assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The traditional ways of scientific publishing and peer review do not live up to the needs of efficient communication and quality assurance in today's highly diverse and rapidly developing world of science. Therefore, new opportunities for enhanced scientific quality assurance are among the most important advantages and perspectives of open access to scientific publications. Open access gives referees more information

Ulrich Pöschl; Thomas Koop

462

Innovative Peer Review Model for Rural Physicians: System Design and Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: The peer review process in small rural hospitals is complicated by limited numbers of physicians, conflict of interest, issues related to appropriate utilization of new technology, possibility for conflicting recommendations, and need for external expertise. Purpose: The purpose of this project was to design, test, and implement a virtual…

Williams, Josie R.; Mechler, Kathy; Akins, Ralitsa B.

2008-01-01

463

Scaffolded Writing and Rewriting in the Discipline: A Web-Based Reciprocal Peer Review System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes how SWoRD (scaffolded writing and rewriting in the discipline), a web-based reciprocal peer review system, supports writing practice, particularly for large content courses in which writing is considered critical but not feasibly included. To help students gain content knowledge as well as writing and reviewing skills, SWoRD…

Cho, Kwangsu; Schunn, Christian D.

2007-01-01

464

University of Pennsylvania vs. EEOC and the Status of Peer Review: A Symposium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Supreme Court decision supporting disclosure of university faculty peer review files is discussed by faculty in law and other disciplines and by a college president. Arguments address the principles of academic privilege, institutional mission, and the soundness of academic decision making. (MSE)

Scales, Ann C.; And Others

1990-01-01

465

Peer Review of Teaching Embedded Practice or Policy-Holding Complacency?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer review of teaching (PRT) depicts as many different definitions, processes, rationale and underpinning values as there are participating individuals. This paper reports the activities of one academic department who were forced to address the issues of perceived clarity, value and ownership when faced with an unexpectedly low completion rate in…

Kell, Clare; Annetts, Susan

2009-01-01

466

Problem-based Writing with Peer Review Improves Academic Performance in Physiology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The aim of this study was to determine whether problem-based writing with peer review (PW-PR) improves undergraduate student performance on physiology exams. Didactic lectures were replaced with assignments to give students practice explaining their reasoning while solving qualitative problems, thus transferring the responsibility for abstraction and generalization to the students. Performance on exam items about concepts taught using PW-PR was compared with performance on concepts taught using didactic lectures followed by group work. Calibrated Peer ReviewTM, a Web-delivered program, was used to collect student essays and to manage anonymous peer review after students "passed" three calibration peer reviews. Results show that the students had difficulty relating concepts. Relationship errors were categorized as 1) problems recognizing levels of organization, 2) problems with cause/effect, and 3) overgeneralizations. For example, some described cells as molecules; others thought that vesicles transport materials through the extracellular fluid. With PW-PR, class discussion was used to confront and resolve such difficulties. Both multiple-choice and essay exam results were better with PW-PR instead of lecture.

PhD Nancy J. Pelaez (California State University Fullerton Department of Biological Science, MH282)

2002-09-01

467

Power of Peer Review: An Online Collaborative Learning Assignment in Social Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a semester-long, peer review assignment, undergraduates enrolled in a social psychology course wrote essays that applied course concepts to life experiences. Students anonymously posted essays for the entire class to view, and peers posted commentaries on classmates' essays using an online discussion board. Students rated the assignment as…

Cathey, Christie

2007-01-01

468

Calibrated Peer Review&trade: A Writing and Critical Thinking Instructional Tool  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CPR was developed on a research-based model. What do scientists and engineers do? Research begins with proposals.Scientists and engineers write research proposals and review peer proposals. Scientists and engineers do research andwrite and peer-review research manuscripts. Peer review plays a prominent role in the progress of science. Writing with anonymous peer review is thus the model for CPR. CPRis a comprehensive, web-delivered instructional tool, which not only promotes student understanding through writing but also develops student critical-thinking skills through theprocess of evaluation and reviewing. Because the program is web-delivered, computer-managed, and uses peer review,instructors can use the CPR program with any class size; students can do their assignments whereever they have webaccess; and administrators do not need to provide additional teaching resources for grading. This is a chapter in the section on Successful Pedagogies in the Course, Curriculum and Laboratory Improvement (CCLI) April 2004 conference proceedings published under the title Invention and Impact: Building Excellence in Undergraduate Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Education.

Arlene A. Russell (UCLA;)

2004-12-01

469

Using Student Peer Review of Experiment Reports in an Undergraduate Physics Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A class centered on student design of experiments and peer review of the resulting reports is described. Thirteen students in an honors seminar section of an introductory physics class designed experiments to test various types of paranormal phenomena. Each experimental report was evaluated and ranked by several other students. To give them…

Moran, Timothy; Van Hook, Stephen J.

2006-01-01

470

An Assessment of Peer Review Evaluation of Academic Programmes in Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From early 1992 until the end of 2000, over 1,000 academic programmes in public universities in Mexico were externally evaluated by Peer Review Teams. The evaluating organisation decided, in 2001, to invite an independent group to study this exercise in order to assess the state of Mexican Higher Education. As a consequence of such revision, an…

Malo, Salvador; Fortes, Mauricio

2004-01-01

471

Peer Review in Academic Promotion and Publishing: Its Meaning, Locus, and Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of its Andrew W. Mellon Foundation-funded Future of Scholarly Communication Project, the Center for Studies in Higher Education (CSHE) has hosted two meetings to explore how peer review relates to scholarly communication and academic values. In preparation for an April 2010 workshop, four working papers were developed and circulated. They…

Harley, Diane; Acord, Sophia Krzys; Earl-Novell, Sarah

2010-01-01

472

An Exploratory Analysis of Levels of Evidence for Articles Published in Indian Journal of Palliative Care in the years 2010-2011  

PubMed Central

Context: Indian Journal of Palliative Care (IJPC) provides a comprehensive multidisciplinary evidence base for an evidence-informed clinical decision making. Aims: To analyze the levels of evidence of articles published in IJPC in the years 2010-2011. Settings and Design: Systematic review of palliative care journals. Materials and Methods: Systematic review of articles was done and was scored according to Center for Evidence-Based Medicine levels of evidence into any of the five grades. The articles were categorized based upon article type, number of authors, study approach, age focus, population focus, disease focus, goals of care, domains of care, models of care, and year of publication. Statistical Analysis Used: All descriptive analysis was done using frequencies and percentiles, and association between all categorical variables was done using Chi-square test at 95% confidence interval (CI) using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16 for Windows (SPSS Inc, Chicago, IL). Results: There was a greater prevalence of low level evidence (level 4: n = 46, 51%; level 5: n = 35, 39%) among the 90 selected articles, and article type (original articles with higher level of evidence, P = 0.000), article approach (analytical studies with higher level of evidence, P = 0.000), domains of palliative care (practice-related studies with higher level of evidence, P = 0.000) and models of care (biological or psychosocial model with higher level of evidence, P = 0.044) had a significant association with the grade of levels of evidence. Association with other factors was not statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusions: The levels of research evidence for palliative care provided by articles published in IJPC were predominantly level 4 and level 5, and there is scope for more high quality evidence to inform palliative care decisions in the developing countries.

Kumar, Senthil Paramasivam; Sisodia, Vaishali

2013-01-01

473

Open Access to the Scientific Journal Literature: Situation 2009  

PubMed Central

Background The Internet has recently made possible the free global availability of scientific journal articles. Open Access (OA) can occur either via OA scientific journals, or via authors posting manuscripts of articles published in subscription journals in open web repositories. So far there have been few systematic studies showing how big the extent of OA is, in particular studies covering all fields of science. Methodology/Principal Findings The proportion of peer reviewed scholarly journal articles, which are available openly in full text on the web, was studied using a random sample of 1837 titles and a web search engine. Of articles published in 2008, 8,5% were freely available at the publishers' sites. For an additional 11,9% free manuscript versions could be found using search engines, making the overall OA percentage 20,4%. Chemistry (13%) had the lowest overall share of OA, Earth Sciences (33%) the highest. In medicine, biochemistry and chemistry publishing in OA journals was more common. In all other fields author-posted manuscript copies dominated the picture. Conclusions/Significance The results show that OA already has a significant positive impact on the availability of the scientific journal literature and that there are big differences between scientific disciplines in the uptake. Due to the lack of awareness of OA-publishing among scientists in most fields outside physics, the results should be of general interest to all scholars. The results should also interest academic publishers, who need to take into account OA in their business strategies and copyright policies, as well as research funders, who like the NIH are starting to require OA availability of results from research projects they fund. The method and search tools developed also offer a good basis for more in-depth studies as well as longitudinal studies.

Bjork, Bo-Christer; Welling, Patrik; Laakso, Mikael; Majlender, Peter; Hedlund, Turid; Gu?nason, Gu?ni

2010-01-01

474

Esoterica: The Journal of Esoteric Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A relatively new transdisciplinary field that examines the interweavings of art, literature, early modern science, and religious studies, Esoteric Studies now has its own electronic, peer-reviewed journal. Sponsored by the College of Arts and Letters at Michigan State University, Esoterica focuses on Western esoteric spiritual traditions, "ranging from Gnosticism and Hermeticism to alchemy, magic, Christian mysticism, Kabbala, Rosicrucianism, Freemasonry, and other secret or semi-secret societies." This new journal will function as both an academic publication, featuring original scholarly articles, book reviews, and announcements, and as a research resource, offering short primary texts and links to special collections and archives. Some of the articles in the inaugural issue include "Western Esotericism and the Harmony Society," "Following Lucifer: Miltonic Evil as Gnostic Cabala," and "Things Done Wisely by a Wise Enchanter: Negotiating the Power of Words in the Thirteenth Century." Additional resources at the site include a list of recent doctoral dissertations in the field of Western Esotericism, teaching links, an image library.

475

A one-year audit of topics and domains in the Journal of the American Medical Association and the New England Journal of Medicine 1 1 The full text of this article is available via AJPM Online at http:\\/\\/www.elsevier.com\\/locate\\/ajpmonline  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The relative emphasis that major medical journals give to topic areas has a potential effect on priorities in patient care, policy decisions, and public awareness. We measured the distribution of topics in two journals, by disease categories and domains, over a calendar year.Methods: All original investigations, reviews, editorials, and special articles published in 1998 by the Journal of the

Steven H Woolf; Robert E Johnson

2000-01-01

476

Lessons Learned from the Frenchman Flat Flow and Transport Modeling External Peer Review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objective of the U.S. Department of Energy's Underground Test Area Program program is to forecast, using computer modeling, the contaminant boundary of radionuclide transport in groundwater at the Nevada National Security Site that exceeds the Safe Drinking Water Act after 1000 yrs. This objective is defined within the Federal Facilities Agreement and Consent Order between the Department of Energy, Department of Defense and State of Nevada Division of Environmental Protection . At one of the Corrective Action Units, Frenchman Flat, a Phase I flow and transport model underwent peer review in 1999 to determine if the model approach, assumptions and results adequate to be used as a decision tool as a basis to negotiate a compliance boundary with Nevada Division of Environmental Protection. The external peer review decision was that the model was not fully tested under a full suite of possible conceptual models, including boundary conditions, flow mechanisms, other transport processes, hydrological framework models, sensitivity and uncertainty analysis, etc. The program went back to collect more data, expand modeling to consider other alternatives that were not adequately tested, and conduct sensitivity and uncertainty analysis. A second external peer review was held in August 2010. Their conclusion that the new Frenchman Flat flow and transport modeling analysis were adequate as a decision tool and that the model was ready to advance to the next step in the Federal Facilities Agreement and Consent Order strategy. We will discuss the processes to changing the modeling that occurred between the first and second peer reviews, and then present the second peer review general comments. Finally, we present the lessons learned from the total model acceptance process required for federal regulatory compliance.

Becker, N. M.; Crowe, B. M.; Ruskauff, G.; Kwicklis, E. M.; Wilborn, B.

2011-12-01

477

Deliberative Democracy, Participation, and OECD Peer Reviews of Environmental Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Deliberative democracy has attracted increasing attention in political science and has been suggested as a normative ideal for evaluation. This article analyzes to what extent evaluations carried out in a highly government-driven manner can nevertheless contribute to deliberative democracy. This potential is examined by taking the Organisation for…

Lehtonen, Markku

2006-01-01

478

Editorial and Introduction of the Special Issue for the Ninth International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies in the International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Short one page editorial to introduce the +30 peer reviewed papers contained within the Special Issue for the Ninth International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies in the International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control

James J. Dooley; Sally M. Benson; Anhar Karimjee; Edward S. Rubin

2010-01-01

479

Methods and Biostatistics: a concise guide for peer reviewers  

PubMed Central

The purpose of the Materials and Methods section of a scientific manuscript is to provide information in sufficient detail, so that another scientist working in the same field of endeavor is able to repeat the experiments and reproduce the results. Authors are entitled to a justified decision on the publication or not of their work. Thus, reviewers need to assure the authors that they have studied, correctly interpreted and fairly judged their work. This can be done by writing a short introductory paragraph in their critique, mentioning the type of study, the subjects recruited, the time and places the study was conducted, the interventions, the outcome measures and the statistical tests. All these information should be found in the methods section. If the reviewer cannot find these information, he needs not to read the whole article. Reading through the abstract and the methods section, he can reject the article on good grounds. If the methods section is appropriate, then the whole article need to be further reviewed. In this manuscript we shall discuss several critical aspects of the methods and statistics from the reviewer's perspective to provide reviewers the knowledge basis to write the aforementioned introductory paragraph of their critique.

Kyrgidis, A; Triaridis, S

2010-01-01

480

External Peer Review Team Report Underground Testing Area Subproject for Frenchman Flat, Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

An external peer review was conducted to review the groundwater models used in the corrective action investigation stage of the Underground Test Area (UGTA) subproject to forecast zones of potential contamination in 1,000 years for the Frenchman Flat area. The goal of the external peer review was to provide technical evaluation of the studies and to assist in assessing the readiness of the UGTA subproject to progress to monitoring activities for further model evaluation. The external peer review team consisted of six independent technical experts with expertise in geology, hydrogeology,'''groundwater modeling, and radiochemistry. The peer review team was tasked with addressing the following questions: 1. Are the modeling approaches, assumptions, and model results for Frenchman Flat consistent with the use of modeling studies as a decision tool for resolution of environmental and regulatory requirements? 2. Do the modeling results adequately account for uncertainty in models of flow and transport in the Frenchman Flat hydrological setting? a. Are the models of sufficient scale/resolution to adequately predict contaminant transport in the Frenchman Flat setting? b. Have all key processes been included in the model? c. Are the methods used to forecast contaminant boundaries from the transport modeling studies reasonable and appropriate? d. Are the assessments of uncertainty technically sound and consistent with state-of-the-art approaches currently used in the hydrological sciences? 3. Are the datasets and modeling results adequate for a transition to Corrective Action Unit monitoring studies—the next stage in the UGTA strategy for Frenchman Flat? The peer review team is of the opinion that, with some limitations, the modeling approaches, assumptions, and model results are consistent with the use of modeling studies for resolution of environmental and regulatory requirements. The peer review team further finds that the modeling studies have accounted for uncertainty in models of flow and transport in the Frenchman Flat except for a few deficiencies described in the report. Finally, the peer review team concludes that the UGTA subproject has explored a wide range of variations in assumptions, methods, and data, and should proceed to the next stage with an emphasis on monitoring studies. The corrective action strategy, as described in the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order, states that the groundwater flow and transport models for each corrective action unit will consider, at a minimum, the following: • Alternative hydrostratigraphic framework models of the modeling domain. • Uncertainty in the radiological and hydrological source terms. • Alternative models of recharge. • Alternative boundary conditions and groundwater flows. • Multiple permissive sets of calibrated flow models. • Probabilistic simulations of transport using plausible sets of alternative framework and recharge models, and boundary and groundwater flows from calibrated flow models. • Ensembles of forecasts of contaminant boundaries. • Sensitivity and uncertainty analyses of model outputs. The peer review team finds that these minimum requirements have been met. While the groundwater modeling and uncertainty analyses have been quite detailed, the peer review team has identified several modeling-related issues that should be addressed in the next phase of the corrective action activities: • Evaluating and using water-level gradients from the pilot wells at the Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Site in model calibration. • Re-evaluating the use of geochemical age-dating data to constrain model calibrations. • Developing water budgets for the alluvial and upper volcanic aquifer systems in Frenchman Flat. • Considering modeling approaches in which calculated groundwater flow directions near the water table are not predetermined by model boundary conditions and areas of recharge, all of which are very uncertain. • Evaluating local-scale variations in hydraulic conductivity on the calculated contaminant boundaries. • Evaluat

Sam Marutzky

2010-09-01

481

Journal of Digital Humanities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Journal of Digital Humanities is a comprehensive, peer-reviewed, open access journal that features "the best scholarship, tools, and conversations produced by the digital humanities community." This endeavor was started by the Press Forward Project and its rigorous evaluation process ensures that interested parties will be exposed to a wide range of talent and subject matter. Arranged by trimester, recent issues of the journal have focused in on the ways digital humanities projects can be used to teach undergraduates about the world around them, while also highlighting the pedagogy involved with such endeavors. Visitors can search through the entire collection of back issues or they may also look through the list of contributors to get a sense of those involved with the project.

482

Journal of Experimental & Clinical Assisted Reproduction: shaping the future of research and practice in reproductive endocrinology\\/infertility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Journal of Experimental & Clinical Assisted Reproduction is an open access, online, peer-review journal publishing papers on all aspects of research into reproductive endocrinology, infertility, bioethics and the advanced reproductive technologies. The journal reports on important developments impacting the field of human reproductive medicine and surgery. The field exists as a sub-specialty of obstetrics & gynecology, focusing on the diagnosis

E Scott Sills; Robert M Winston; Gianpiero D Palermo

2004-01-01

483

HOW TO WRITE A SCIENTIFIC ARTICLE  

PubMed Central

Successful production of a written product for submission to a peer?reviewed scientific journal requires substantial effort. Such an effort can be maximized by following a few simple suggestions when composing/creating the product for submission. By following some suggested guidelines and avoiding common errors, the process can be streamlined and success realized for even beginning/novice authors as they negotiate the publication process. The purpose of this invited commentary is to offer practical suggestions for achieving success when writing and submitting manuscripts to The International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy and other professional journals.

Manske, Robert C.

2012-01-01

484

PubMed Central: An Archive of Life Science Journals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There has been an increased interest in open source publishing as of late, and the U.S government has gotten involved recently with the creation of PubMed Central (through the National Center for Biotechnology Information and the National Library of Medicine) in 2000. PubMed Central is a digital archive of life science journal literature which offers free and complete access to the contents of approximately 50 peer-reviewed journals, such as Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Dynamic Medicine, and the Journal of Bacteriology. The search engine is fairly straightforward, as users may elect to enter author names, journal titles in full, or by keywords. All told, PubMed currently contains many thousands of articles, many of which will be of great interest to researchers and students in these fields. Perhaps the most crucial features of PubMed are summarized in this passage from their overview section, which remarks thusly: "It also makes it possible to integrate the literature with a variety of other information resources such as sequence databases and other factual databases that are available to scientists, clinicians, and everyone else interested in the life sciences. The intentional and serendipitous discoveries that such links might foster excite us and stimulate us to move forward."

2005-11-05

485

Survey of Keyword Adjustment of Published Articles Medical Subject Headings in Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences (2009-2010)  

PubMed Central

CONFLICT OF INTEREST: NONE DECLARED Introduction Keywords are the most important tools for Information retrieval. They are usually used for retrieval of articles based on contents of information reserved from printed and electronic resources. Retrieval of appropriate keywords from Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) can impact with exact, correctness and short time on information retrieval. Regarding the above mentioned matters, this study was done to compare the Latin keywords was in the articles published in the Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. Method This is a descriptive study. The data were extracted from the key words of Englsih abstracts of articles published in the years 2009–2010 in the Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences by census method. Checklist of data collection is designed, based on research objectives and literature review which has face validity. Compliance rate in this study was to determine if the keywords cited in this article as a full subject of the main subject headings in a MeSH (Bold and the selected word) is a perfect adjustment. If keywords were cited in the article but the main heading is not discussed in the following main topics to be discussed with reference to See and See related it has considered has partial adjustment. Results Out of 148 articles published in 12 issues in proposed time of studying, 72 research papers were analyzed. The average numbers of authors in each article were 4 ± 1. Results showed that most of specialty papers 42 (58. 4%), belonging to the (Department of Clinical Sciences) School of Medicine, 11 (15.3%) Basic Science, 6(8.4%) Pharmacy, Nursing and Midwifery 5(6.9%), 4(5.5%) Health, paramedical Sciences 3(4.2%), and non medical article 1(1.3%) school of medicine. In general, results showed that 80 (30%) of key words have been used to complete the adjustment. Also, only 1(1.4%) had complete adjustment with all the MeSH key words and in 8 articles(11.4%) key words of had no adjustment with MeSH. Conclusion The results showed that only 17 articles could be retrieved if the search words are selected from the MeSH. In this case the expected 100% of published articles titles at this university the validity of exchange of research projects which is something noteworthy. The lack of correlation between number of authors and matching of Keywords with MeSH, may mean all of the papers’ authors did not take part in writing and it is understanding that only one author wrote the paper.

Kabirzadeh, Azar; Siamian, Hasan; Abadi, Ebrahim Bagherian Farah; Saravi, Benyamin Mohseni

2013-01-01

486

Journal of Undergraduate Materials Research (JUMR)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Journal of Undergraduate Materials Research (JUMR) is a scientific journal dedicated to research performed by undergraduate students in materials related fields. JUMR is published annually and is a student run endeavor. The editorial board is currently made up of graduate and undergraduate students from many departments including the Departments of English and Materials Science and Engineering. The primary goal of the journal is to provide a venue for undergraduates to publish research performed in materials related fields. The secondary goals are to provide opportunities for undergraduates to practice their communication skills and learn about peer-reviewed publications, as well as providing opportunities for editorial board members to participate in the administration of creating a peer-reviewed publication.

Holt, Susan

201