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Pentosan Polysulfate: A Novel Therapy for the Mucopolysaccharidoses  

PubMed Central

Background Pentosan polysulfate (PPS) is an FDA-approved, oral medication with anti-inflammatory and pro-chondrogenic properties. We have previously shown that animal models of the mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) exhibit significant inflammatory disease, contributing to cartilage degeneration. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) only partly reduced inflammation, and anti-TNF-alpha antibody therapy significantly enhanced clinical and pathological outcomes. Here we describe the use of PPS for the treatment of MPS type VI rats. Methodology/Principal Findings Treatment began during prenatal development and at 1 and 6 months of age. All animals were treated until they were 9 months old. Significant reductions in the serum and tissue levels of several inflammatory markers (e.g., TNF-alpha, MIP-1alpha and RANTES/CCL5) were observed, as was reduced expression of inflammatory markers in cultured articular chondrocytes. ADAMTS-5/aggrecanase-2 levels also were reduced in chondrocytes, consistent with an elevation of serum tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1. Marked improvements in motility and grooming behavior occurred, along with a reduction in eye and nasal secretions and a lessening of the tracheal deformities. MicroCT and radiographic analyses further revealed that the treated MPS skulls were longer and thinner, and that the teeth malocclusions, misalignments and mineral densities were improved. MicroCT analysis of the femurs and vertebrae revealed improvements in trabecular bone mineral densities, number and spacing in a subset of treated MPS animals. Biomechanical assessments of PPS-treated spines showed partially restored torsional behaviors, suggesting increased spinal stability. No improvements were observed in cortical bone or femur length. The positive changes in the PPS-treated MPS VI rats occurred despite glycosaminoglycan accumulation in their tissues. Conclusions Based on these findings we conclude that PPS could be a simple and effective therapy for MPS that might provide significant clinical benefits alone and in combination with other therapies. PMID:23365668

Schuchman, Edward H.; Ge, Yi; Lai, Alon; Borisov, Yury; Faillace, Meghan; Eliyahu, Efrat; He, Xingxuan; Iatridis, James; Vlassara, Helen; Striker, Gary; Simonaro, Calogera M.



Pentosan polysulfate therapy for chronic nonbacterial prostatitis (chronic pelvic pain syndrome category IIIA): a prospective multicenter clinical trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. Chronic nonbacterial prostatitis\\/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) has clinical and perhaps etiologic characteristics similar to interstitial cystitis. Pentosan polysulfate sodium (PPS), an oral medication indicated for the treatment of interstitial cystitis, has shown moderate benefit in reducing chronic pelvic pain and voiding symptoms in patients with interstitial cystitis. We undertook a prospective open-label, multicenter Phase II pilot study to

J. Curtis Nickel; Brenda Johnston; Joe Downey; Jack Barkin; Peter Pommerville; Mireille Gregoire; Ernest Ramsey



Postmortem findings in a case of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease treated with intraventricular pentosan polysulfate  

PubMed Central

Background A small number of patients with variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) have been treated with intraventicular pentosan polysulfate (iPPS) and extended survival has been reported in some cases. To date, there have been no reports on the findings of postmortem examination of the brain in treated patients and the reasons for the extended survival are uncertain. We report on the neuropathological findings in a case of vCJD treated with PPS. Methods Data on survival in vCJD is available from information held at the National CJD Research and Surveillance Unit and includes the duration of illness in 176 cases of vCJD, five of which were treated with iPPS. One of these individuals, who received iPPS for 8?years and lived for 105?months, underwent postmortem examination, including neuropathological examination of the brain. Results The mean survival in vCJD is 17?months, with 40?months the maximum survival in patients not treated with PPS. In the 5 patients treated with PPS survival was 16 months, 45 months, 84 months, 105 months and 114?months. The patient who survived 105?months underwent postmortem examination which confirmed the diagnosis of vCJD and showed severe, but typical, changes, including neuronal loss, astrocytic gliosis and extensive prion protein (PrP) deposition in the brain. The patient was also given PPS for a short period by peripheral infusion and there was limited PrP immunostaining in lymphoreticular tissues such as spleen and appendix. Conclusions Treatment with iPPS did not reduce the overall neuropathological changes in the brain. The reduced peripheral immunostaining for PrP may reflect atrophy of these tissues in relation to chronic illness rather than a treatment effect. The reason for the long survival in patients treated with iPPS is unclear, but a treatment effect on the disease process cannot be excluded. PMID:24554103

Newman, P K; Todd, N V; Scoones, D; Mead, S; Knight, R S G; Will, R G; Ironside, J W



Pentosan polysulfate inhibits atherosclerosis in Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic rabbits: differential modulation of metalloproteinase-2 and -9  

PubMed Central

Pentosan polysulfate (PPS), a heparinoid compound essentially devoid of anticoagulant activity, modulates cell growth and decreases inflammation. We investigated the effect of PPS on the progression of established atherosclerosis in Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic (WHHL) rabbits. After severe atherosclerosis developed on an atherogenic diet, WHHL rabbits were treated with oral PPS or tap water for 1 month. The aortic intima-to-media ratio and macrophage infiltration were reduced, plaque collagen content was increased, and plaque fibrous caps were preserved by PPS treatment. Plasma lipid levels and post-heparin hepatic lipase activity remained unchanged. However, net collagenolytic activity in aortic extracts was decreased, and the levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP) activity were increased by PPS. Moreover, PPS treatment decreased tumor necrosis factor ? (TNF?)-stimulated proinflammatory responses, in particular activation of nuclear factor-?B and p38, and activation of MMPs in macrophages. In conclusion, oral PPS treatment prevents progression of established atherosclerosis in WHHL rabbits. This effect may be partially mediated by increased MMP-2 and TIMP activities in the aortic wall and reduced TNF?-stimulated inflammation and MMP activation in macrophages. Thus, PPS may be a useful agent in inhibiting the progression of atherosclerosis. PMID:22042083

Lupia, Enrico; Zheng, Feng; Grosjean, Fabrizio; Tack, Ivan; Doublier, Sophie; Elliot, Sharon J; Vlassara, Helen; Striker, Gary E



77 FR 58399 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Recommendations for Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...The recommendations provide specific guidance on the design of bioequivalence (BE) studies to support abbreviated...finalized, will represent the Agency's current thinking on the design of BE studies to support ANDAs for pentosan...



Dose Responsive Effects of Subcutaneous Pentosan Polysulfate Injection in Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VI Rats and Comparison to Oral Treatment  

PubMed Central

Background We previously demonstrated the benefits of daily, oral pentosan polysulfate (PPS) treatment in a rat model of mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) type VI. Herein we compare these effects to once weekly, subcutaneous (sc) injection. The bioavailability of injected PPS is greater than oral, suggesting better delivery to difficult tissues such as bone and cartilage. Injected PPS also effectively treats osteoarthritis in animals, and has shown success in osteoarthritis patients. Methodology/Principal Findings One-month-old MPS VI rats were given once weekly sc injections of PPS (1, 2 and 4 mg/kg, human equivalent dose (HED)), or daily oral PPS (4 mg/kg HED) for 6 months. Serum inflammatory markers and total glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) were measured, as were several histological, morphological and functional endpoints. Overall, weekly sc PPS injections led to similar or greater therapeutic effects as daily oral administration. Common findings between the two treatment approaches included reduced serum inflammatory markers, improved dentition and skull lengths, reduced tracheal deformities, and improved mobility. Enhanced effects of sc treatment included GAG reduction in urine and tissues, greater endurance on a rotarod, and better improvements in articular cartilage and bone in some dose groups. Optimal therapeutic effects were observed at 2 mg/kg, sc. No drug-related increases in liver enzymes, coagulation factor abnormalities or other adverse effects were identified following 6 months of sc PPS administration. Conclusions Once weekly sc administration of PPS in MPS VI rats led to equal or better therapeutic effects than daily oral administration, including a surprising reduction in urine and tissue GAGs. No adverse effects from sc PPS administration were observed over the 6-month study period. PMID:24964042

Frohbergh, Michael; Ge, Yi; Meng, Fanli; Karabul, Nesrin; Solyom, Alexander; Lai, Alon; Iatridis, James; Schuchman, Edward H.; Simonaro, Calogera M.



Pentosan Polysulfate Decreases Myocardial Expression of the Extracellular Matrix Enzyme ADAMTS4 and Improves Cardiac Function In Vivo in Rats Subjected to Pressure Overload by Aortic Banding  

PubMed Central

Background We hypothesized that cleavage of the extracellular matrix (ECM) proteoglycans versican and aggrecan by ADAMTS (a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin motifs) proteases, which contributes to stress-induced ECM-reorganization in atherogenesis and osteoarthritis, also play a role in heart failure development. Objectives The primary objective was to identify alterations in expression of ADAMTS versicanases and aggrecanases during development of heart failure, while evaluation of the effects of in vivo modulation of relevant changes in ADAMTS activity constituted the secondary objective. Methods Myocardial levels of versican, aggrecan, and their ADAMTS cleaving proteases were examined in Wistar rats six weeks after aortic banding (AB), and versican and selected ADAMTS versicanases were further analyzed in neonatal cardiomyocytes (NCM) and cardiac fibroblasts (NFB) after stimulation by inflammatory mediators. Based on the initial findings, ADAMTS4 was selected the most promising therapeutic target. Thus, rats with AB were treated with pentosan polysulfate (PPS), a polysaccharide with known ADAMTS4-inhibitory properties, and effects on versican fragmentation, left ventricular function and geometry were evaluated. Results We discovered that myocardial mRNA and protein levels of ADAMTS1 and -4, and mRNA levels of versican, aggrecan, and ADAMTS8 increased after AB, and TNF-? and IL-1? synergistically increased mRNA of versican and ADAMTS4 in NCM and NFB and secretion of ADAMTS4 from NCM. Furthermore, PPS-treatment improved systolic function, demonstrated by an improved fractional shortening (vehicle 48±3% versus PPS 60±1%, p<0.01) after AB. Following PPS-treatment, we observed an ?80% reduction in myocardial ADAMTS4 mRNA (p?=?0.03), and ?50% reduction in the extracellular amount of the p150 versican fragments (p?=?0.05), suggesting reduced versicanase activity. Conclusions Our findings suggest that AB induces an increase in myocardial ADAMTS4 versicanase activity, and that PPS-treatment improved systolic function in the pressure-overloaded heart, holding promise as a novel therapeutic agent in heart failure. PMID:24595230

Vistnes, Maria; Aronsen, Jan Magnus; Lunde, Ida G.; Sjaastad, Ivar; Carlson, Cathrine R.; Christensen, Geir



Pentosan polysulfate treatment ameliorates motor function with increased serum soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 in HTLV-1-associated neurologic disease.  


The main therapeutic strategy against human T lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I)-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) characterized by lower extremity motor dysfunction is immunomodulatory treatment, with drugs such as corticosteroid hormone and interferon-?, at present. However, there are many issues in long-term treatment with these drugs, such as insufficient effects and various side effects. We now urgently need to develop other therapeutic strategies. The heparinoid, pentosan polysulfate sodium (PPS), has been safely used in Europe for the past 50 years as a thrombosis prophylaxis and for the treatment of phlebitis. We conducted a clinical trial to test the effect of subcutaneous administration of PPS in 12 patients with HAM/TSP in an open-labeled design. There was a marked improvement in lower extremity motor function, based on reduced spasticity, such as a reduced time required for walking 10 m and descending a flight of stairs. There were no significant changes in HTLV-I proviral copy numbers in peripheral blood contrary to the inhibitory effect of PPS in vitro for intercellular spread of HTLV-I. However, serum soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule (sVCAM)-1 was significantly increased without significant changes of serum level of chemokines (CXCL10 and CCL2). There was a positive correlation between increased sVCAM-1and reduced time required for walking 10 m. PPS might induce neurological improvement by inhibition of chronic inflammation in the spinal cord, through blocking the adhesion cascade by increasing serum sVCAM-1, in addition to rheological improvement of the microcirculation. PPS has the potential to be a new therapeutic tool for HAM/TSP. PMID:24671717

Nakamura, Tatsufumi; Satoh, Katsuya; Fukuda, Taku; Kinoshita, Ikuo; Nishiura, Yoshihiro; Nagasato, Kunihiko; Yamauchi, Atsushi; Kataoka, Yasufumi; Nakamura, Tadahiro; Sasaki, Hitoshi; Kumagai, Kenji; Niwa, Masami; Noguchi, Mitsuru; Nakamura, Hideki; Nishida, Noriyuki; Kawakami, Atsushi



Comparison of the Anti-Prion Mechanism of Four Different Anti-Prion Compounds, Anti-PrP Monoclonal Antibody 44B1, Pentosan Polysulfate, Chlorpromazine, and U18666A, in Prion-Infected Mouse Neuroblastoma Cells  

PubMed Central

Molecules that inhibit the formation of an abnormal isoform of prion protein (PrPSc) in prion-infected cells are candidate therapeutic agents for prion diseases. Understanding how these molecules inhibit PrPSc formation provides logical basis for proper evaluation of their therapeutic potential. In this study, we extensively analyzed the effects of the anti-PrP monoclonal antibody (mAb) 44B1, pentosan polysulfate (PPS), chlorpromazine (CPZ) and U18666A on the intracellular dynamics of a cellular isoform of prion protein (PrPC) and PrPSc in prion-infected mouse neuroblastoma cells to re-evaluate the effects of those agents. MAb 44B1 and PPS rapidly reduced PrPSc levels without altering intracellular distribution of PrPSc. PPS did not change the distribution and levels of PrPC, whereas mAb 44B1 appeared to inhibit the trafficking of cell surface PrPC to organelles in the endocytic-recycling pathway that are thought to be one of the sites for PrPSc formation. In contrast, CPZ and U18666A initiated the redistribution of PrPSc from organelles in the endocytic-recycling pathway to late endosomes/lysosomes without apparent changes in the distribution of PrPC. The inhibition of lysosomal function by monensin or bafilomycin A1 after the occurrence of PrPSc redistribution by CPZ or U18666A partly antagonized PrPSc degradation, suggesting that the transfer of PrPSc to late endosomes/lysosomes, possibly via alteration of the membrane trafficking machinery of cells, leads to PrPSc degradation. This study revealed that precise analysis of the intracellular dynamics of PrPC and PrPSc provides important information for understanding the mechanism of anti-prion agents. PMID:25181483

Yamasaki, Takeshi; Suzuki, Akio; Hasebe, Rie; Horiuchi, Motohiro



75 FR 53704 - Prospective Grant of Exclusive License: Use of Pentosan Polysulfate To Treat Certain Conditions...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...semi-synthetic polysaccharide extracted from beech wood cellulose that is FDA approved for the treatment of interstitial fibrosis. The current technology builds on the surprising discovery that PPS can cause regression of scarring and lesions in...



Digestibility of Sugar, Starches, and Pentosans of Roughages.  

E-print Network


Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)



Effect of pentosans addition on pasting properties of flours of eight hard white spring wheat cultivars.  


The effects of water extractable pentosans (WEP) and water unextractable pentosans (WUP) on pasting properties in flours of eight different hard white spring wheat (HWSW) cultivars was studied. WEP and WUP isolated from a hard wheat flour were added to each of the cultivars at 1% and 2% level. The results indicated that WEP exhibited a pronounced effect on pasting properties as compared to WUP and variety. Univariate analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to evaluate sources of variation. The variety significantly (P?results revealed that WUP did not induce significant (P?

Arif, Saqib; Ali, Tahira Mohsin; Ul Afzal, Qurat; Ahmed, Mubarik; Siddiqui, Asim Jamal; Hasnain, Abid



Polysulfated Trehalose as a Novel Anticoagulant Agent with Dual Mode of Action  

PubMed Central

Physiological hemostatic balance is a coordinated outcome of counteracting coagulation and fibrinolytic systems. An imbalance of procoagulant and anticoagulant factors may result in life threatening thromboembolism. Presently, anticoagulant administration is the first line of therapy for the treatment of these conditions and several anticoagulants have been approved, including various forms of heparin. However, the polyanionic nature and multispecificity of heparin pose several complications. Generally, the polysulfated compounds with antithrombotic potential are thought to have feasible synthetic procedures with much less bleeding, thus having favourable safety profiles. Here we report the synthesis of a novel compound, trehalose octasulfate and the assessment of its anticoagulation potential. Molecular docking of trehalose and trehalose octasulfate with antithrombin showed a specificity switch in binding affinity on sulfation, where trehalose octasulfate interacts with critical residues of AT that are either directly involved in heparin binding or in the conformational rearrangement of AT on heparin binding. An in vitro analysis of trehalose octasulfate demonstrated prolonged clotting time. Lead compound when intravenously injected in occlusion induced thrombotic rats showed remarkable reduction in the size and weight of the clot at a low dose. Delay in coagulation time was observed by analysing blood plasma isolated from rats preinjected with trehalose octasulfate. A decrease in Adenosine 5?-Diphosphate (ADP) induced platelet aggregation indicated a probable dual anticoagulant and antiplatelet mechanism of action. To summarize, this study presents trehalose octasulfate as a novel, effective, dual acting antithrombotic agent.

Rashid, Qudsia; Abid, Mohammad; Gupta, Neha; Tyagi, Tarun; Ashraf, Mohammad Z.; Jairajpuri, Mohamad Aman



Effect of Flour Water-Extractable Pentosans on Molecular Associations in Gluten During Mixing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wheat gluten and mixtures of gluten and water-extractable pentosans (WEP) were mixed in a counter-rotating batch mixer at constant hydration level, in order to study the effects of feruloylated arabinoxylans (AX) on gluten mixing properties. The presence of WEP delayed the development time of gluten, suggesting a competition for water during the first stage of dough formation. Changes in macromolecular

Emilie Labat; Xavier Rouau; Marie-Hélène Morel



Enzymatic changes in liver in Calcium oxalate stone forming rats treated with sodium pentosan polysulphate  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of sodium pentosan polysulphate (SPP) in calcium oxalate stone forming rats was studied in relation to enzymatic\\u000a changes in liver. A significant increase in liver glycollate oxidase (GAO) activity was observed in stone forming rats fed\\u000a sodium glycollate. SPP treatment lowered the enzyme acitivity in both stone formers and 30 days drug treated control rats.\\u000a Moderate elevation in

K. Subha; P. Varalakshmi



Effect of laccase and manganese peroxidase on wheat gluten and pentosans during mixing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wheat gluten and water extractable pentosans (WEP) were mixed in a batch-mixer in the presence of laccase or manganese peroxidase (MnP). The enzymes provoked different changes in mixing behaviour. Doughs were analysed at time to peak (t) and over two t (2t or overmixed). The effects of the oxidative enzymes were studied on ferulic acid (FA), arabinoxylans (AX), proteins and

E. Labat; M. H. Morel; X. Rouau



Pentosan-derived water-soluble carbon nano dots with substantial fluorescence: Properties and application as a photosensitizer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The hydrothermal carbonization of monosaccharides and polysaccharides is widely used in the production of carbonaceous material with a desired structure. However, the liquid products are regarded as waste and discarded. Here, we report a facile approach for the synthesis of water-soluble carbon nano dots (CNDs) with substantial fluorescence from the liquid by-products of the hydrothermal carbonization of pentosan, thus the by-products of pulp refining. The synthesized CNDs are monodispersed spheres with abundant oxygen-containing groups and they have an average size of 30 nm. Quantum yield measurements revealed CNDs with substantial green photoluminescence (PL) without passivation. Additionally, excitation was independent, pH-sensitive and stable. The use of CNDs as a photosensitizer in the CNDs/TiO2 system for methylene blue (MB) degradation under visible light irradiation is attractive. The spectral response range of the CNDs/TiO2 system can be widened from the UV region to a part of the visible light region (400-550 nm).

Wu, Qiong; Li, Wei; Wu, Yanjiao; Huang, Zhanhua; Liu, Shouxin



Arabinose fermentation by Lactobacillus plantarum in sourdough with added pentosans and alphaalpha-L-arabinofuranosidase: a tool to increase the production of acetic acid.  


Sixty-five strains of obligately and facultatively heterofermentative sourdough lactic acid bacteria were screened for their capacity to grow optimally in the presence of arabinose, ribose and xylose as carbon sources. Lactobacillus alimentarius 15F, Lact. brevis 10A, Lact. fermentum 1F and Lact. plantarum 20B showed higher growth rate, cell yield, acidification rate and production of acetic acid when some pentoses instead of maltose were added to the SDB medium. Lactobacillus plantarum 20B used arabinose also in a synthetic medium where complex growth factors such as yeast extract were omitted. Other Lact. plantarum strains did not show the same property. Pentosan extract was treated with alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase from Aspergillus niger or endo-xylanase from Bacillus subtilis to produce hydrolysates containing mainly arabinose and xylose, respectively. In particular, the hydrolysate containing arabinose substantiated the growth and the production of lactic acid and, especially, of acetic acid by Lact. plantarum 20B. Sourdough fermentation by Lact. plantarum 20B with addition of pentosan extract and alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase increased the acidification rate, titratable acidity and acetic acid content compared with traditional sourdough. A facultatively heterofermentative strain, Lact. plantarum 20B, also produced a sourdough with an optimal fermentation quotient. PMID:10736001

Gobbetti, M; Lavermicocca, P; Minervini, F; de Angelis, M; Corsetti, A



In vitro hemorheological effects of parenteral agents used in peripheral arterial disease  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a frequent manifestation of systemic atherosclerosis. In PAD hemorheological parameters were defined as risk factors in a number of studies and several therapeutic agents were tried in these conditions. Our study aims to investigate and compare the in vitro hemorheological effects of various drugs generally used in the parenteral treatment of intermittent claudication and critical limb ischemia. Blood samples of healthy male volunteers were incubated with iloprost, alprostadil, pentoxifylline, sulodexide or pentosan polysulfate at calculated therapeutic serum concentration. Hematocrit (Hct) was determined by microhematocrit centrifuge. Plasma and apparent whole blood viscosities (WBV) were evaluated by capillary viscometer. Red blood cell aggregation was measured by LORCA (laserassisted optical rotational cell analyzer) aggregometer, and LORCA ektacytometer was used for measuring erythrocyte deformability at 37°C. Iloprost, alprostadil, and pentoxifylline incubation did not have any significant effect on plasma and apparent WBV. Elongation index increased in samples incubated with alprostadil at low shear stresses 0.95 and 0.53 Pa (p < 0.05). Sulodexide significantly improved WBV and Hct/WBV ratio (p < 0.05). Incubation with pentosan polysulfate resulted in higher WBV, lower Hct/WBV ratio and deterioration in the aggregation parameters (p < 0.05). Sulodexide may have beneficial effect on a macrorheological parameter; alprostadil may improve a microrheological parameter. Hemorheological alterations could be important in PAD patients with hampered vasodilator capacity.

Biro, Katalin; Sandor, Barbara; Toth, Andras; Koltai, Katalin; Papp, Judit; Rabai, Miklos; Toth, Kalman; Kesmarky, Gabor



Anionic polysaccharides  

Microsoft Academic Search

In liver preservation, the substitution of the anion Cl- by lactobionic acid (LB) prevents reperfusion edema and extends the preservation time for human livers. We studied the effect of compounds that are structurally related to lactobionic acid: anionic polycarbohydrates (sulfated anionic polysaccharide, SAP, and pentosan polysulfate, PPS) on liver function and leukocyte-endothelial cell interaction in isolated perfusion and liver transplant

Chifumi Fukuda; Otto Kollmar; Thilo Schäfer; Ying-Hua Tian; Martin K. Schilling



Assessment of prospective preventive therapies for chronic wasting disease in mule deer.  


We compared prion infection rates among mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) receiving pentosan polysulfate, tannic acid, tetracycline HCl, or no treatment 14 days before to 14 days after (dpi) oral inoculation with tonsil tissue homogenate. All deer were infected, but the rapid disease course (230-603 dpi) suggested our challenge was overwhelming. PMID:22493139

Wolfe, Lisa L; Kocisko, David A; Caughey, Byron; Miller, Michael W



21 CFR 522.1850 - Polysulfated glycosaminoglycan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...glycosaminoglycan. (b) Sponsor . See No. 010797 in § 510.600(c) of this chapter. (c) Special considerations . Federal law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian. (d) Conditions of use...



Therapies for human prion diseases  

PubMed Central

The pathological foundation of human prion diseases is a result of the conversion of the physiological form of prion protein (PrPc) to the pathological protease resistance form PrPres. Most patients with prion disease have unknown reasons for this conversion and the subsequent development of a devastating neurodegenerative disorder. The conversion of PrPc to PrPres, with resultant propagation and accumulation results in neuronal death and amyloidogenesis. However, with increasing understanding of neurodegenerative processes it appears that protein-misfolding and subsequent propagation of these rouge proteins, is a generic phenomenon shared with diseases caused by tau, ?-synucleins and ?-amyloid proteins. Consequently, effective anti-prion agents may have wider implications. A number of therapeutic approaches include polyanionic, polycyclic drugs such as pentosan polysulfate (PPS), which prevent the conversion of PrPc to PrPres and might also sequester and down-regulate PrPres. Polyanionic compounds might also help to clear PrPres. Treatments aimed at the laminin receptor, which is an important accessory molecule in the conversion of PrPc to PrPres – neuroprotection, immunotherapy, siRNA and antisense approaches have provided some experimental promise. PMID:24093082

Panegyres, Peter K; Armari, Elizabeth



Specific interaction of aurintricarboxylic acid with the human immunodeficiency virus/CD4 cell receptor.  


The triphenylmethane derivative aurintricarboxylic acid (ATA), but not aurin, selectively prevented the binding of OKT4A/Leu-3a monoclonal antibody (mAb) and, to a lesser extent, OKT4 mAb to the CD4 cell receptor for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). The effect was seen within 1 min at an ATA concentration of 10 microM in various T4+ cells (MT-4, U-937, peripheral blood lymphocytes, and monocytes). It was dose-dependent and reversible. ATA prevented the attachment of radiolabeled HIV-1 particles to MT-4 cells, which could be expected as the result of its specific binding to the HIV/CD4 receptor. Other HIV inhibitors such as suramin, fuchsin acid, azidothymidine, dextran sulfate, heparin, and pentosan polysulfate did not affect OKT4A/Leu-3a mAb binding to the CD4 receptor, although the sulfated polysaccharides suppressed HIV-1 adsorption to the cells at concentrations required for complete protection against HIV-1 cytopathogenicity. Thus, ATA is a selective marker molecule for the CD4 receptor. ATA also interfered with the staining of membrane-associated HIV-1 glycoprotein gp120 by a mAb against it. These unusual properties of a small molecule of nonimmunological origin may have important implications for the study of CD4/HIV/AIDS pathogenesis and possibly treatment. PMID:2566170

Schols, D; Baba, M; Pauwels, R; Desmyter, J; De Clercq, E




ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Collegiate Results Instrument (CRI), which measures a range of collegiate outcomes for alumni 6 years after graduation. The CRI was designed to target alumni from institutions across market segments and assess their values, abilities, work skills, occupations, and pursuit of lifelong learning. (EV)

Zemsky, Robert; Shaman, Susan; Shapiro, Daniel B.



Urogynecologic conditions: interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome.  


Interstitial cystitis, also known as painful bladder syndrome, is a debilitating condition. The diagnosis is difficult and often is one of exclusion. Cystoscopy is the best way to confirm the diagnosis, but treatment can be initiated based on symptoms alone. Most patients benefit from an array of different drugs, including pentosan polysulfate, amitriptyline, hydroxyzine, and cimetidine. These treatments must be tailored for each patient. If oral drugs are ineffective, intravesical therapy can be attempted with dimethyl sulfoxide, heparin, or an anesthetic therapeutic combination containing lidocaine. Fulguration typically is performed if Hunner ulcers are found on cystoscopy. Hydrodistention, sacral neuromodulation, and intradetrusor onabotulinumtoxinA are sometimes useful. PMID:25756373

Desrosiers, Laurephile; Garely, Alan D



Distribution and Digestibility of the Pentosans of Feeds.  

E-print Network

.S., Director A. B. CoNNER, B. S., Assistant Director CHAS. A. FELKER, Chief Clerk A. S. WARE, Secretary DIVISION OF VETERINARY SCIENCE M. FRANCIS, D. V. S., Veterinarian in Charge H. ScHMIDT, D . V. M., Assistant Veter inarian DIVISION OF CHEMISTRY G....89 5.71 3.98 7.30 4238 Johnson grass hay .. . . . ..... 21.33 16.51 10 . 72 4.38 16.95 4.82 5.79 6.34 4546 Kafir fodder ... . ..... 19.68 14.63 9.39 3.35 16.33 5.05 5.24 6 .04 4247 Millet . .. . .. . . . ..... 20.18 11.03 10.11 4.57 15.61 9.15 .92 5...

Fraps, G. S.



Restoration of the Barrier Function to Acid-Damaged Bladder by Intravesical Chondroitin Sulfate  

PubMed Central

Purpose Chondroitin sulfate, which is less expensive and more inert than heparinoids, hyaluronan or pentosan polysulfate, has been introduced to restore the barrier function lost due to epithelial dysfunction in interstitial cystitis (IC). The binding of chondroitin sulfate to damaged bladder as a function of the range of pH seen in urine, its efficacy in restoring the bladder's permeability barrier, and the capacity of damaged bladder to bind chondroitin sulfate have not been determined previously. Methods Binding of chondroitin sulfate to bladder urothelium was investigated quantitatively using chondroitin sulfate highly labeled with Texas Red and quantitative fluorescence microscopy in a mouse model of acid damage of the urothelium. The efficacy of restoring the barrier function was determined using passage of intravesically instilled 86Rb, a potassium ion mimetic, through the urothelium into the bloodstream in a rat model of bladder damage. The binding capacity of acid-damaged bladder was determined by fluorometry. Results Chondroitin sulfate bound tightly and exclusively to the mouse bladder surface that had been damaged by acid but showed only minimal binding to undamaged bladder. There was no systematic variation with pH. The model showed some variability in the degree of damage induced. In rats, chondroitin sulfate instillation restored permeability to 86Rb to control levels. Binding was saturable at 0.67 ± 0.13 mg/cm2 of bladder surface. Conclusions Chondroitin sulfate binds preferentially to damaged urothelium and restores the impermeability barrier. This suggests that the GAG layer is a major contributor to the impermeability of bladder urothelium. As determined by the binding capacity, the dose applied to humans in Canada (400 mg per instillation) is sufficient to obtain maximum efficacy. PMID:19765766

Hauser, Paul J.; Buethe, David A.; Califano, John; Sofinowski, Troy M.; Culkin, Daniel J.; Hurst, Robert E.



Diagnosing the bladder as the source of pelvic pain: successful treatment for adults and children.  


The key to successful therapy of interstitial cystitis (IC) is to correctly diagnose it. The significant majority of patients with IC have a dysfunctional bladder epithelium that allows urinary solutes (primarily potassium) to leak into the bladder wall, causing symptoms and tissue damage. Drugs that correct this dysfunction and suppress symptoms are important to achieve successful outcomes in patients. Today over 95% of females with IC are misdiagnosed as having gynecologic chronic pelvic pain, vulvodynia, vaginitis, endometriosis, overactive bladder or urinary tract infection. Men are misdiagnosed as having prostatitis. Often children are not diagnosed at all. Multimodal drug therapy may be required and can achieve successful resolution of IC in over 90% of patients. IC in children can be treated successfully with pentosan polysulfate. PMID:25300387

Parsons, C Lowell



Combined Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-AGE Drug Treatments Have a Protective Effect on Intervertebral Discs in Mice with Diabetes  

PubMed Central

Objective Diabetes and low back pain are debilitating diseases and modern epidemics. Diabetes and obesity are also highly correlated with intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration and back pain. Advanced-glycation-end-products (AGEs) increase reactive-oxygen-species (ROS) and inflammation, and are one cause for early development of diabetes mellitus. We hypothesize that diabetes results in accumulation of AGEs in spines and associated spinal pathology via increased catabolism. We present a mouse model showing that: 1) diabetes induces pathological changes to structure and composition of IVDs and vertebrae; 2) diabetes is associated with accumulation of AGEs, TNF?, and increased catabolism spinal structures; and 3) oral-treatments with a combination of anti-inflammatory and anti-AGE drugs mitigate these diabetes-induced degenerative changes to the spine. Methods Three age-matched groups of ROP-Os mice were compared: non-diabetic, diabetic (streptozotocin (STZ)-induced), or diabetic mice treated with pentosan-polysulfate (anti-inflammatory) and pyridoxamine (AGE-inhibitor). Mice were euthanized and vertebra-IVD segments were analyzed by ?CT, histology and Immunohistochemistry. Results Diabetic mice exhibited several pathological changes including loss in IVD height, decreased vertebral bone mass, decreased glycosaminoglycan content and morphologically altered IVDs with focal deposition of tissues highly expressing TNF?, MMP-13 and ADAMTS-5. Accumulation of larger amounts of methylglyoxal suggested that AGE accumulation was associated with these diabetic degenerative changes. However, treatment prevented or reduced these pathological effects on vertebrae and IVD. Conclusion This is the first study to demonstrate specific degenerative changes to nucleus pulposus (NP) morphology and their association with AGE accumulation in a diabetic mouse model. Furthermore, this is the first study to demonstrate that oral-treatments can inhibit AGE-induced ROS and inflammation in spinal structures and provide a potential treatment to slow progression of degenerative spine changes in diabetes. Since diabetes, IVD degeneration, and accumulation of AGEs are frequent consequences of aging, early treatments to reduce AGE-induced ROS and Inflammation may have broad public-health implications. PMID:23691192

Illien-Junger, Svenja; Grosjean, Fabrizio; Laudier, Damien M.; Vlassara, Helen; Striker, Gary E.; Iatridis, James C.



Digestibility of the Sugars, Starches, Pentosans, and Protein of Some Feeding Stuffs.  

E-print Network

which is dissolved by N/60 acid and alkali. The proteids were determined by copper hydroxide. The total tein less the proteids is termed the amides. This is not strictly cor for the nitrogen factor for the amides is different from that for I... - N. F. E. Amides, Pro- Total I etc. I leids --- S Reduc- ing sugars 0.17 1.16 2.10 2.28 .80 2.69 0.97 0.91 0.44 1.43 1.35 1.14 2.41 .O1 .05 .12 .05 .06 .65 0.58 .35 .07 0.58 0.48 1.01 0.57 .55 0.66 1.44 2.27 2...

Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)



Mechanisms Involved in the Anti-Inflammatory Action of a Polysulfated Fraction from Gracilaria cornea in Rats  

PubMed Central

The anti-inflammatory mechanisms of the sulfated polysaccharidic fraction obtained from red marine alga Gracilaria cornea (Gc-FI) were investigated using a paw edema model induced in rats by different inflammatory agents (carrageenan, dextran, serotonin, bradykinin, compound 48/80 or L-arginine). Gc-FI at the doses of 3, 9 or 27 mg/kg, subcutaneously - s.c., significantly inhibited rat paw edema induced by carrageenan and dextran, as confirmed by myeloperoxidase and Evans’ blue assessments, respectively. Gc-FI (9 mg/kg, s.c.) inhibited rat paw edema induced by histamine, compound 48/80 and L-arginine. Additionally, Gc-FI (9 mg/kg, s.c.) inhibited Cg-induced edema in animals with intact mast cells but did not inhibit that with degranulated mast cells by compound 48/80, revealing a protective role on mast cell membranes. Gc-FI down-regulated the IL-1?, TNF-? and COX-2 mRNA and protein levels compared with those of the carrageenan group, based on qRT-PCR and immunohistochemistry analyses. After inhibition with ZnPP IX, a specific heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) inhibitor, the anti-inflammatory effect of Gc-FI was not observed in Cg-induced paw edema, suggesting that the anti-inflammatory effect of Gc-FI is, in part, dependent on the integrity of the HO-1 pathway. Gc-FI can target a combination of multiple points involved in inflammatory phenomena. PMID:25807556

Coura, Chistiane Oliveira; Souza, Ricardo Basto; Rodrigues, José Ariévilo Gurgel; Vanderlei, Edfranck de Sousa Oliveira; de Araújo, Ianna Wivianne Fernandes; Ribeiro, Natássia Albuquerque; Frota, Annyta Fernandes; Ribeiro, Kátia Alves; Chaves, Hellíada Vasconcelos; Pereira, Karuza Maria Alves; da Cunha, Rodrigo Maranguape Silva; Bezerra, Mirna Marques; Benevides, Norma Maria Barros



Characterizing antiprion compounds based on their binding properties to prion proteins: Implications as medical chaperones  

PubMed Central

A variety of antiprion compounds have been reported that are effective in ex vivo and in vivo treatment experiments. However, the molecular mechanisms for most of these compounds remain unknown. Here we classified antiprion mechanisms into four categories: I, specific conformational stabilization; II, nonspecific stabilization; III, aggregation; and IV, interaction with molecules other than PrPC. To characterize antiprion compounds based on this classification, we determined their binding affinities to PrPC using surface plasmon resonance and their binding sites on PrPC using NMR spectroscopy. GN8 and GJP49 bound specifically to the hot spot in PrPC, and acted as “medical chaperones” to stabilize the native conformation. Thus, mechanisms I was predominant. In contrast, quinacrine and epigallocathechin bound to PrPC rather nonspecifically; these may stabilize the PrPC conformation nonspecifically including the interference with the intermolecular interaction following mechanism II. Congo red and pentosan polysulfate bound to PrPC and caused aggregation and precipitation of PrPC, thus reducing the effective concentration of prion protein. Thus, mechanism III was appropriate. Finally, CP-60, an edarabone derivative, did not bind to PrPC. Thus these were classified into mechanism IV. However, their antiprion activities were not confirmed in the GT + FK system, whose details remain to be elucidated. This proposed antiprion mechanisms of diverse antiprion compounds could help to elucidate their antiprion activities and facilitate effective antiprion drug discovery. PMID:23081827

Kamatari, Yuji O; Hayano, Yosuke; Yamaguchi, Kei-ichi; Hosokawa-Muto, Junji; Kuwata, Kazuo



Drug insight: aggrecanases as therapeutic targets for osteoarthritis.  


In healthy cartilage, effective weight-bearing requires a high concentration of intact aggrecan. Degradation and loss of aggrecan are features of osteoarthritis (OA). It is unclear whether ADAMTS-4, ADAMTS-5, or both of these aggrecanases from the ADAMTS (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs) enzyme family, are responsible for aggrecanolysis in human OA, and at what stage of disease these enzymes are active. Several potential disease-modifying agents for OA include glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate, diacerhein, and pentosan polysulfate; although their mechanisms of action in vivo are unknown, data from in vitro studies and animal models suggest that their efficacy might be partly due to inhibition of proinflammatory pathways that lead to downregulation of ADAMTS enzymes. Some histone deacetylase inhibitors that are successfully used to treat cancer can block ADAMTS-5 expression; however, these inhibitors will only be considered as potential therapies for OA if their toxicity is markedly reduced. ADAMTS inhibitors currently in development are expected to show excellent specificity now that crystal structures for several ADAMTS enzymes are available to guide drug design. ADAMTS-4 and ADAMTS-5 are appropriate targets for OA therapies, but ultimately, inhibitors of these enzymes will form only part of a larger arsenal of therapies. PMID:18577998

Fosang, Amanda J; Little, Christopher B



Steam-explosion pretreatment of wood: effect of chip size, acid, moisture content and pressure drop  

SciTech Connect

Material balances for pentosan, lignin, and hexosan, during steam-explosion pretreatment of aspenwood, showed almost quantitative recovery of cellulose in the water-insoluble fraction. Dilute acid impregnation resulted in more selective hydrolysis of pentosan relative to undesirable pyrolysis, and gave a more accessible substrate for enzymatic hydrolysis. Thermocouple probes, located inside simulated aspenwood chips heated in 240 degrees C-saturated steam, showed rapid heating of air-dry wood, whereas green or impregnated wood heated slowly. Small chips, 3.2 mm in the fiber direction, whether green or air dry gave approximately equal rates of pentosan destruction and solubilization, and similar yields of glucose and of total reducing sugars on enzmatic hydrolysis with Trichoderma harzianum. Partial pyrolysis, destroying one-third of the pentosan of aspenwood at atmospheric pressure by dry steam at 276 degrees C, gave little increase in yield of reducing sugars on enzymatic hydrolysis. Treatment with saturated steam at 240 degrees C gave essentially the same yields of butanediol and ethanol on fermentation with Klebsiella pneumoniae, whether or not 80% of the steam was bled off before explosion and even if the chips remained intact, showing that explosion was unnecessary. 17 references.

Brownell, H.H.; Yu, E.K.C.; Saddler, J.N.



Steam-explosion pretreatment of wood: Effect of chip size, acid, moisture content and pressure drop.  


Material balances for pentosan, lignin, and hexosan, during steam-explosion pretreatment of aspenwood, showed almost quantitative recovery of cellulose in the water-insoluble fraction. Dilute acid impregnation resulted in more selective hydrolysis of pentosan relative to undesirable pyrolysis, and gave a more accessible substrate for enzymatic hydrolysis. Thermocouple probes, located inside simulated aspenwood chips heated in 240 degrees C-saturated steam, showed rapid heating of air-dry wood, whereas green or impregnated wood heated slowly. Small chips, 3.2 mm in the fiber direction, whether green or airdry gave approximately equal rates of pentosan destruction and solubilization, and similar yields of glucose and of total reducing sugars on enzymatic hydrolysis with Trichoderma harzianum. Partial pyrolysis, destroying one third of the pentosan of aspenwood at atmospheric pressure by dry steam at 276 degrees C, gave little increase in yield of reducing sugars on enzymatic hydrolysis. Treatment with saturated steam at 240 degrees C gave essentially the same yields of glucose and of total reducing sugars, and the same yields of butanediol and ethanol on fermentation with Klebsiella pneumoniae, whether or not 80% of the steam was bled off before explosion and even if the chips remained intact, showing that explosion was unnecessary. PMID:18555395

Brownell, H H; Yu, E K; Saddler, J N



Research Results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research on Global Carbon Emission and Sequestration NSFC Funded Project Made Significant Progress in Quantum Dynamics Functional Human Blood Protein Obtained from Rice How Giant Pandas Thrive on a Bamboo Diet New Evidence of Interpersonal Violence from 129,000 Years Ago Found in China Aptamer-Mediated Efficient Capture and Release of T Lymphocytes on Nanostructured Surfaces BGI Study Results on Resequencing 50 Accessions of Rice Cast New Light on Molecular Breeding BGI Reports Study Results on Frequent Mutation of Genes Encoding UMPP Components in Kidney Cancer Research on Habitat Shift Promoting Species Diversification



DONUT results  

SciTech Connect

The DONUT experiment succeeded in observing tau-neutrino CC interactions for the first time in 2000. The analysis using total sample is presented in this paper, based on 3.5x10{sup 17} protons on target. The number of identified {nu}{sub {tau}} CC interactions is 9 from 581 neutrino interactions located in the emulsion. The result of the first measurement of {nu}{sub {tau}} CC cross section is consistent with the expectation from the Standard Model.

Furukawa, Tomoko [Nagoya University, (Japan)



Inhibition of protease-resistant prion protein formation in a transformed deer cell line infected with chronic wasting disease.  


Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is an emerging transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (prion disease) of North American cervids, i.e., mule deer, white-tailed deer, and elk (wapiti). To facilitate in vitro studies of CWD, we have developed a transformed deer cell line that is persistently infected with CWD. Primary cultures derived from uninfected mule deer brain tissue were transformed by transfection with a plasmid containing the simian virus 40 genome. A transformed cell line (MDB) was exposed to microsomes prepared from the brainstem of a CWD-affected mule deer. CWD-associated, protease-resistant prion protein (PrP(CWD)) was used as an indicator of CWD infection. Although no PrP(CWD) was detected in any of these cultures after two passes, dilution cloning of cells yielded one PrP(CWD)-positive clone out of 51. This clone, designated MDB(CWD), has maintained stable PrP(CWD) production through 32 serial passes thus far. A second round of dilution cloning yielded 20 PrP(CWD)-positive subclones out of 30, one of which was designated MDB(CWD2). The MDB(CWD2) cell line was positive for fibronectin and negative for microtubule-associated protein 2 (a neuronal marker) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (an activated astrocyte marker), consistent with derivation from brain fibroblasts (e.g., meningeal fibroblasts). Two inhibitors of rodent scrapie protease-resistant PrP accumulation, pentosan polysulfate and a porphyrin compound, indium (III) meso-tetra(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphine chloride, potently blocked PrP(CWD) accumulation in MDB(CWD) cells. This demonstrates the utility of these cells in a rapid in vitro screening assay for PrP(CWD) inhibitors and suggests that these compounds have potential to be active against CWD in vivo. PMID:16378962

Raymond, Gregory J; Olsen, Emily A; Lee, Kil Sun; Raymond, Lynne D; Bryant, P Kruger; Baron, Gerald S; Caughey, Winslow S; Kocisko, David A; McHolland, Linda E; Favara, Cynthia; Langeveld, Jan P M; van Zijderveld, Fred G; Mayer, Richard T; Miller, Michael W; Williams, Elizabeth S; Caughey, Byron



Structure of the flexible amino-terminal domain of prion protein bound to a sulfated glycan.  


The intrinsically disordered amino-proximal domain of hamster prion protein (PrP) contains four copies of a highly conserved octapeptide sequence, PHGGGWGQ, that is flanked by two polycationic residue clusters. This N-terminal domain mediates the binding of sulfated glycans, which can profoundly influence the conversion of PrP to pathological forms and the progression of prion disease. To investigate the structural consequences of sulfated glycan binding, we performed multidimensional heteronuclear ((1)H, (13)C, (15)N) NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance), circular dichroism (CD), and fluorescence studies on hamster PrP residues 23-106 (PrP 23-106) and fragments thereof when bound to pentosan polysulfate (PPS). While the majority of PrP 23-106 remain disordered upon PPS binding, the octarepeat region adopts a repeating loop-turn structure that we have determined by NMR. The beta-like turns within the repeats are corroborated by CD data demonstrating that these turns are also present, although less pronounced, without PPS. Binding to PPS exposes a hydrophobic surface composed of aligned tryptophan side chains, the spacing and orientation of which are consistent with a self-association or ligand binding site. The unique tryptophan motif was probed by intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence, which displayed enhanced fluorescence of PrP 23-106 when bound to PPS, consistent with the alignment of tryptophan side chains. Chemical-shift mapping identified binding sites on PrP 23-106 for PPS, which include the octarepeat histidine and an N-terminal basic cluster previously linked to sulfated glycan binding. These data may in part explain how sulfated glycans modulate PrP conformational conversions and oligomerizations. PMID:19913031

Taubner, Lara M; Bienkiewicz, Ewa A; Copié, Valérie; Caughey, Byron



NCI Search Results

$data$data NCI Search Results More Search Tools Cancer Genetics Services Directory Clinical Trial Results by Type of Cancer or Topic Clinical Trial Search NCI Fact Sheets NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms NCI Drug Dictionary NCI Publications Locator National


Autonomous Soaring Flight Results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A viewgraph presentation on autonomous soaring flight results for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV)'s is shown. The topics include: 1) Background; 2) Thermal Soaring Flight Results; 3) Autonomous Dolphin Soaring; and 4) Future Plans.

Allen, Michael J.



Overview of ALICE results  

E-print Network

The ALICE detector was designed to study the physics of matter under extreme conditions of high energy density. Different results were reported by the experiment using data from the successful run I of the LHC. The goal of the present work is to present an overview of recent ALICE results. This comprises selected results from several analyses of pp, p-pb and Pb-Pb data at the LHC energies.

Antonio Ortiz; for the ALICE Collaboration



Introduction New results  

E-print Network

inertial index at most 4. Benjamin Sambale On the Brauer-Feit bound for abelian defect groups #12Introduction New results On the Brauer-Feit bound for abelian defect groups Benjamin Sambale On the Brauer-Feit bound for abelian defect groups #12;Introduction New results Introduction Let G be a finite


Diffraction Results from CDF  

SciTech Connect

We present final results by the CDF II collaboration on diffractive W and Z production, report on the status of ongoing analyses on diffractive dijet production and on rapidity gaps between jets, and briefly summarize results obtained on exclusive production pointing to their relevance to calibrating theoretical models used to predict exclusive Higgs-boson production at the LHC.

Goulianos, Konstantin



Recent results from TRISTAN  

SciTech Connect

TRISTAN results on {gamma}{gamma} physics from 1994 to 1995 are reviewed in this report. We have systematically investigated jet production, the {gamma}-structure function, and charm pair production in {gamma}{gamma} processes. The results are discussed, and future prospects are presented.

Enomoto, Ryoji [National Laboratory for High Energy Physics, Ibaraki (Japan)



Experimental Results on Diffraction  

E-print Network

Experimental Results on Diffraction Hadron Collider Physics Symposium May 28, 2008 Pierre Van Mechelen #12;Pierre Van Mechelen - Experimental Results on Diffraction - Hadron Collider Physics Symposium -- May 28, 2008 2 Outline b, W, b, W, H Diffractive processes and kinematics


Diffraction Results from CDF  

E-print Network

We present final results by the CDF II collaboration on diffractive W and Z production, report on the status of ongoing analyses on diffractive dijet production and on rapidity gaps between jets, and briefly summarize results obtained on exclusive production pointing to their relevance to calibrating theoretical models used to predict exclusive Higgs-boson production at the LHC.

Konstantin Goulianos



Your Kidney Test Results  


... and can damage blood vessels in the kidneys. Serum Albumin Normal: 3.4 to 5.0* Your Result: Albumin is a protein that helps measure how well you are eating. Bicarbonate Normal: More than 22 Your Result: Bicarbonate measures the acid level in your blood. Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) Normal: ...


Unfavourable results in hypospadias  

PubMed Central

Hypospadias urethroplasty is considered difficult as the complications and unfavourable results are not uncommon. At the turn of the century, due to a better understanding of applied anatomy of hypospadias, new techniques were developed which significantly brought down the complication rate. However unfavourable results are still disturbing. An algorithm for selection of surgery has been presented. Forty three secondary surgeries were performed over 3 years for correction of unfavourable results. The urethrocutaneous fistula was the most common (21%) followed by meatal stenosis (14%) and narrow neourethra (14%). Common unfavourable results have been discussed. On the basis of experience with a large number of hypospadias urethroplasty ‘tips to avoid or minimise unfavourable results’ have been presented. However, one should assess the final outcome of urethroplasty using hypospadias objective scoring evaluation. PMID:24501477

Agrawal, Karoon; Misra, Anshumali



[Stapedectomy: long term results].  


Stapedectomy, with its most innovatory variations, constitutes the treatment of choice for otoesclerosis. Short term results are spectacular, getting GAP closures of less than 5 dB approximatelly in 94% patients, variations depending on the authors. Long term follow up check results show a gradual auditory deterioration. The aim of this study is to audiometric evolution of patients operated of stapedectomy 7 to 10 years ago in our department and to correlate the results with those obtained by other authors, in an attempt to unify conclusions. PMID:12185900

Hernández Montero, E; Fraile Rodrigo, J; Marín Garrido, C; Sampériz, L Carmen; Llorente Arenas, E; Naya Gálvez, M J; Ortiz García, A



Electroweak results from CDF  

SciTech Connect

Inclusive W and Z production cross-sections have been measured by CDF and certain electroweak parameters extracted with high precision from these measurements. New results on diboson production at the Tevatron are also presented.

D. S. Waters



NIH Research to Results  


... Home Current Issue Past Issues Cover Story: Traumatic Brain Injury NIH Research to Results Past Issues / Fall 2008 ... clinical trials are studying the relationships between traumatic brain injuries (TBI) and PTSD. Fall 2008 Issue: Volume 3 ...


$?\\to ??$ results in nuclei  

E-print Network

The Crystal Ball ($CB$) collaboration at $BNL$ has recently presented results regarding a study of the $\\pi^- A \\to \\pi^0\\pi^0 A^\\prime$ reaction on $H, D, C, Al$ and $Cu$, using a nearly 4$\\pi$ detector. Similar results, but for the $\\pi^+ A \\to \\pi^+\\pi^{\\pm} A^\\prime$ reaction on $^{2}H$, $^{12}C$, $^{40}Ca$, and $^{208}Pb$, have been published earlier by the $CHAOS$ collaboration at $TRIUMF$. In this Brief Report a comparison of the results of the two measurements is made, which shows that the $CHAOS$ and $CB$ data share relevant common features. In particular, the increase in strength as a function of A seen in the near-threshold $\\pi^+ \\pi^-$ invariant mass spectra reported by the $CHAOS$ group, is also seen in the $\\pi^0 \\pi^0$ CB data, when the results from the two groups are compared in a way which accounts for the different acceptances of the two experiments.

P. Camerini; E. Fragiacomo; N. Grion; R. Rui; J. T. Brack; E. F. Gibson; G. J. Hofman; E. L. Mathie; R. Meier; K. Raywood; M. E. Sevior; G. R. Smith; R. Tacik



Sensitivity and Scenario Results  

E-print Network

Presents the results of various scenarios using models used to study water, climate, agriculture and the economy in Pakistan's Indus Basin, and discusses the policy and investment implications. The water allocations per ...

Yu, Winston


2012 CBECS Preliminary Results  

EIA Publications

The preliminary results from the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) show that there were 5.6 million commercial buildings in the United States in 2012, comprising 87.4 billion square feet of floorspace.



Results from MAC  

SciTech Connect

The MAC detector has been exposed at PEP to 40 pb/sup -1/ luminosity of e/sup +/e/sup -/ collisions. The detector is described and recent results of a continuing analysis of hadronic cross section, lepton pair charge asymmetry, Bhabha process, two photon final state and radiative pairs are given. New results on flavor tagging of hadronic events with an inclusive, and some searches for new particles are presented.

Chadwick, G.B.



Recent MEG results  

E-print Network

New results of a search for the ultra-rare decay $\\mu \\to e \\gamma$ by the MEG collaboration are reported in this contribution. The data were taken during 2009 and correspond to approximately 6.5 10$^{13}$ muon stopped on target. A maximum likelihood analysis sets an upper limit at 90\\% C.L. on the branching ratio, BF($\\mu \\to e \\gamma$) $< $1.5 10$^{-11}$. The results presented here are preliminary.

G. Cavoto



Recent results from PEP  

SciTech Connect

Preliminary results are presented for the data taken by the MARK II and MAC collaborations at the PEP storage ring. Results include measurements of QED processes, limits on the weak couplings g/sub V/ and g/sub A/, limits on anomalous lepton production, the measurement of the tau lifetime, scale violation in inclusive hadron production, Monte Carlo independent tests of QCD using energy-energy correlations and single jet energy moments, measurements of the properties of three jet events, and measurements of proton, neutral kaon, lambda and proton pair yields.

Hollebeek, R.



Reporting Research Results Effectively  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessment research is at its best when it packages research results and data so that they can be digested by multiple audiences. Too many assessment researchers spend all their efforts planning and executing the research project with little attention to closing the loop at the end. If assessment findings are not communicated effectively, the…

Volkwein, J. Fredericks



Getting Your Mammogram Results

You should get a written report of your mammogram results within 30 days of your mammogram, since this is the law. Be sure the mammography facility has your address and phone number. It's helpful to get your mammogram at the same place each year. This way, your current mammogram can be compared with past mammograms.


Multifactor Screener: Validation Results

These validation results suggest that dietary exposure estimates computed for the Cancer Control Supplement may be useful to compare subgroup means, especially for populations consuming mainstream diets. The estimates may be less useful for populations with more ethnic diets, including Asian and possibly Latino populations.


Experimental Results on Diffraction  

E-print Network

Results on diffractive scattering observed at HERA and at the TEVATRON are reviewed. This includes the extraction of diffractive parton density functions and determination of the rapidity gap survival probability at HERA and the observation of central exclusive production of final states at the TEVATRON. Finally, preparations to observe diffractive signals at the LHC are discussed.

Pierre Van Mechelen



HPC Survey Results  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report describes the results of the High Performance Computing (HPC) Survey as of May 18, 2009. The survey was available online. Members of the HPC University initiative disseminated the information to researchers, developers, educators and students among a variety of disciplines in mid-April of 2009 by sending it to a number of mailing lists, electronic newsletters, and bulletin boards.


Sharing Research Results  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are many ways to share a collection of data and students' thinking about that data. Explaining the results of science inquiry is important--working scientists and amateurs both contribute information to the body of scientific knowledge. Students can collect data about an activity that is already happening in a classroom (e.g., the qualities…

Ashbrook, Peggy



Recent CDF results  

SciTech Connect

As of November of 2007, the CDF detector has recorded approximately 2.7 fb{sup -1} of data. This contribution describes some of the most recent and most relevant results from the CDF collaboration in all areas of its wide physics program, as well as some insights into the Tevatron reach for Higgs searches within the next few years.

Gomez, Gervasio; /Cantabria Inst. of Phys.



Spectroscopy results from Belle  

E-print Network

We report recent results on the charmonium and charmoniumlike states based on a large data sample recorded at the $\\Upsilon(4S)$ and $\\Upsilon(5S)$ resonances with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy $e^+e^-$ collider.

Sookyung Choi



Survey results summary  

SciTech Connect

This article presents the results of a nuclear station survey on personnel downsizing. In the survey, 12 questions were asked of 49 utilities representing 89 percent of the operating nuclear power plants in the United States. The response level was 34 percent. In addition to the presentation of the data, a number of comments are provided relative to several of the questions.

Irish, J.T. [Bonneville Power Administration, Richland, WA (United States)



Resultative Verb Compounds.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Demonstrates that structure and interpretation of Resultative Verb Compound (RVC) in the field of Chinese linguistics is neither indiosyncratic nor pragmatically determined as suggested in an earlier study. Rather, RCV formation and interpretation is determined by semantic features of verbs, and these features determine the well-formedness and…

Ross, Claudia



Neutrino mass: Recent results  

SciTech Connect

Some recent developments in the experimental search for neutrino mass are discussed. Simpson and Hime report finding new evidence for a 17-keV neutrino in the {beta} decay of {sup 3}H and {sup 35}S. New data from Los Alamos on the electron neutrino mass as measured in tritium beta decay give an upper limit of 13.5 eV at the 95% confidence level. This result is not consistent with the long-standing ITEP result of 26(5) eV within a model-independent'' range of 17 to 40 eV. It now appears that the electron neutrino is not sufficiently massive to close the universe by itself. 38 refs., 1 figs., 2 tabs.

Robertson, R.G.H.



Recent Results from Amanda  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present results based on data taken in 1997 with the 302-PMT Antarctic Muon and Neutrino Detector Array-B10 (``AMANDA-B10'') array. Atmospheric neutrinos created in the northern hemisphere are observed indirectly through their charged current interactions which produce relativistic, Cherenkov-light-emitting upgoing muons in the South Pole ice cap. The reconstructed angular distribution of these events is in good agreement with expectation

E. Andrés; P. Askebjer; X. Bai; G. Barouch; S. W. Barwick; R. C. Bay; K.-H. Becker; L. Bergström; D. Bertrand; D. Bierenbaum; A. Biron; J. Booth; O. Botner; A. Bouchta; M. M. Boyce; S. Carius; A. Chen; D. Chirkin; J. Conrad; J. Cooley; C. G. S. Costa; D. F. Cowen; J. Dailing; E. Dalberg; T. de Young; P. Desiati; J.-P. Dewulf; P. Doksus; J. Edsjö; P. Ekström; B. Erlandsson; T. Feser; M. Gaug; A. Goldschmidt; A. Goobar; L. Gray; H. Haase; A. Hallgren; F. Halzen; K. Hanson; R. Hardtke; Y. D. He; M. Hellwig; H. Heukenkamp; G. C. Hill; P. O. Hulth; S. Hundertmark; J. Jacobsen; V. Kandhadai; A. Karle; J. Kim; B. Koci; L. Köpke; M. Kowalski; H. Leich; M. Leuthold; P. Lindahl; I. Liubarsky; P. Loaiza; D. M. Lowder; J. Ludvig; J. Madsen; P. Marciniewski; H. S. Matis; A. Mihalyi; T. Mikolajski; T. C. Miller; Y. Minaeva; P. Miocinovic; P. C. Mock; R. Morse; T. Neunhöffer; F. M. Newcomer; P. Niessen; D. R. Nygren; H. Ogelman; C. Pérez de los Heros; R. Porrata; P. B. Price; K. Rawlins; C. Reed; W. Rhode; A. Richards; S. Richter; J. Rodríguez Martino; P. Romenesko; D. Ross; H. Rubinstein; H.-G. Sander; T. Scheider; T. Schmidt; D. Schneider; E. Schneider; R. Schwarz; A. Silvestri; M. Solarz; G. M. Spiczak; C. Spiering; N. Starinsky; D. Steele; P. Steffen; R. G. Stokstad; O. Streicher; Q. Sun; I. Taboada; L. Thollander; T. Thon; S. Tilav; N. Usechak; M. Vander Donckt; C. Walck; C. Weinheimer; C. H. Wiebusch; R. Wischnewski; H. Wissing; K. Woschnagg; W. Wu; G. Yodh; S. Young



Latest CMB Measurement Results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have allocated time in this special session to capture the latest developments in balloon-borne and ground-based CMB measurements. The speaker for this oral presentation will be chosen at a later date in order to best highlight emerging results. This session also includes presentations from current CMB experiments in a parallel poster session. Time-permitting, the latest community plans for future CMB measurement facilities may also be discussed.

Bock, James



Explaining embodied cognition results.  


From the late 1950s until 1975, cognition was understood mainly as disembodied symbol manipulation in cognitive psychology, linguistics, artificial intelligence, and the nascent field of Cognitive Science. The idea of embodied cognition entered the field of Cognitive Linguistics at its beginning in 1975. Since then, cognitive linguists, working with neuroscientists, computer scientists, and experimental psychologists, have been developing a neural theory of thought and language (NTTL). Central to NTTL are the following ideas: (a) we think with our brains, that is, thought is physical and is carried out by functional neural circuitry; (b) what makes thought meaningful are the ways those neural circuits are connected to the body and characterize embodied experience; (c) so-called abstract ideas are embodied in this way as well, as is language. Experimental results in embodied cognition are seen not only as confirming NTTL but also explained via NTTL, mostly via the neural theory of conceptual metaphor. Left behind more than three decades ago is the old idea that cognition uses the abstract manipulation of disembodied symbols that are meaningless in themselves but that somehow constitute internal "representations of external reality" without serious mediation by the body and brain. This article uniquely explains the connections between embodied cognition results since that time and results from cognitive linguistics, experimental psychology, computational modeling, and neuroscience. PMID:22961950

Lakoff, George



Double Chooz: Latest results  

E-print Network

The latest results from the Double Chooz experiment on the neutrino mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$ are presented. A detector located at an average distance of 1050 m from the two reactor cores of the Chooz nuclear power plant has accumulated a live time of 467.90 days, corresponding to an exposure of 66.5 GW-ton-year (reactor power $\\times$ detector mass $\\times$ live time). A revised analysis has boosted the signal efficiency and reduced the backgrounds and systematic uncertainties compared to previous publications, paving the way for the two detector phase. The measured $\\sin^2 2\\theta_{13} = 0.090^{+0.032}_{-0.029}$ is extracted from a fit to the energy spectrum. A deviation from the prediction above a visible energy of 4 MeV is found, being consistent with an unaccounted reactor flux effect, which does not affect the $\\theta_{13}$ result. A consistent value of $\\theta_{13}$ is measured in a rate-only fit to the number of observed candidates as a function of the reactor power, confirming the robustness of the result.

J. I. Crespo-Anadón; for the Double Chooz collaboration



The Viking biology results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A brief review of the purposes and the results from the Viking Biology experiments is presented, in the expectation that the lessons learned from this mission will be useful in planning future approaches to the biological exploration of Mars. Since so little was then known about potential micro-environments on Mars, three different experiments were included in the Viking mission, each one based on different assumptions about what Martian organisms might be like. In addition to the Viking Biology Instrument (VBI), important corollary information was obtained from the Viking lander imaging system and from the molecular analysis experiments that were conducted using the gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer (GCMS) instrument. No biological objects were noted by the lander imaging instrument. The GCMS did not detect any organic compounds. A description of the tests conducted by the Gas Exchange Experiment, the Labeled Release experiment, and the Pyrolytic Release experiment is given. Results are discussed. Taken as a whole, the Viking data yielded no unequivocal evidence for a Martian biota at either landing site. The results also revealed the presence of one or more reactive oxidants in the surface material and these need to be further characterized, as does the range of micro-environments, before embarking upon future searches for extant life on Mars.

Klein, Harold P.



Certification of computational results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A conceptually novel and powerful technique to achieve fault detection and fault tolerance in hardware and software systems is described. When used for software fault detection, this new technique uses time and software redundancy and can be outlined as follows. In the initial phase, a program is run to solve a problem and store the result. In addition, this program leaves behind a trail of data called a certification trail. In the second phase, another program is run which solves the original problem again. This program, however, has access to the certification trail left by the first program. Because of the availability of the certification trail, the second phase can be performed by a less complex program and can execute more quickly. In the final phase, the two results are compared and if they agree the results are accepted as correct; otherwise an error is indicated. An essential aspect of this approach is that the second program must always generate either an error indication or a correct output even when the certification trail it receives from the first program is incorrect. The certification trail approach to fault tolerance is formalized and realizations of it are illustrated by considering algorithms for the following problems: convex hull, sorting, and shortest path. Cases in which the second phase can be run concurrently with the first and act as a monitor are discussed. The certification trail approach are compared to other approaches to fault tolerance.

Sullivan, Gregory F.; Wilson, Dwight S.; Masson, Gerald M.



WMAP First Year Results  

E-print Network

The Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) science team has released results from the first year of operation at the Earth-Sun L2 Lagrange point. The maps are consistent with previous observations but have much better sensitivity and angular resolution than the COBE DMR maps, and much better calibration accuracy and sky coverage than ground-based and balloon-borne experiments. The angular power spectra from these ground-based and balloon-borne experiments are consistent within their systematic and statistical uncertainties with the WMAP results. WMAP detected the large angular-scale correlation between the temperature and polarization anisotropies of the CMB caused by electron scattering since the Universe became reionized after the "Dark Ages", giving a value for the electron scattering optical depth of 0.17+/-0.04. The simplest Lambda-CDM model with n=1 and Omega_tot=1 provides an adequate fit to the WMAP data and gives parameters which are consistent with determinations of the Hubble constant and observations of the accelerating Universe using supernovae. The time-ordered data, maps, and power spectra from WMAP can be found at along with 13 papers by the WMAP science team describing the results in detail.

E. L. Wright



GIRAFFE test results summary  

SciTech Connect

A passive system can provide engineered safety features enhancing safety system reliability and plant simplicity. Toshiba has conducted the test Program to demonstrate the feasibility of the SBWR passive safety system using a full-height, integral system test facility GIRAFFE. The test facility GIRAFFE models the SBWR in full height to correctly present the gravity driving head forces with a 1/400 volume scale. The GIRAFFE test Program includes the certification tests of the passive containment cooling system (PCCS) to remove the post-accident decay heat and the gravity driven cooling system (GDCS) to replenish the reactor coolant inventory during a LOCA. The test results have confirmed the PCCS and GDCS design and in addition, have demonstrated the operation of the pCCS with the presence of a lighter-than-steam noncondensable as well as with the presence of a heavier-than-steam, noncondensable. The GIRAFFE test Program has also provided the database to qualify a best estimate thermal-hydraulic computer code TRAC. The post test analysis results have shown that TRAC can accurately predict the PCCS heat removal Performance and the containment pressure response to a LOCA. This paper summarizes the GIRAFFE test results to investigate post-LOCA PCCS heat removal performance and post-test analysis using TRAC.

Yokobori, S.; Arai, K.; Oikawa, H. [Toshiba Corporation, Kawasaki (Japan)



Results of railgun experiments  

SciTech Connect

During the 1979 Megagauss II conference the hypervelocity potential of railguns and the pulsed power technology needed to power them were discussed. Since then, many laboratories have initiated railgun R and D projects for a variety of potential applications. Los Alamos and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories initiated a collaborative experimental railgun project which resulted in several successes in accelerating projectiles to high velocities, emphasized the limits on railgun operation, and indicated that the numerical modeling of railgun operation was in good agreement with the experiments.

Hawke, R.S.; Brooks, A.L.; Fowler, C.M.; Peterson, D.R.



Sakhalin tender results detailed  

SciTech Connect

Given uncertainty over a final verdict for the Sakhalin Island tender announced in May 1991, upon instructions from the Russian Federation government, a government committee (GC) was constituted and headed by V. Danilov-Danilyan, Russia's Minister for Ecology and Natural Resources, to synthesize the results of and select the winner of the tender. This paper describes the GC and the measures that the GC took in order to determine what company would be permitted to conduct a feasibility study and later develop oil and gas resources off Sakhalin Island.

Konoplyanik, A.A. (Russian Federation Ministry for Fuels and Energy (SU))



Results from UCNA 2010  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We will present the results of a 0.7% measurement of the electron momentum neutron spin angular correlation coefficient ``A'' using polarized ultracold neutrons (UCN) during the 2010 beam cycle at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) by the UCNA collaboration. Improvements made to the solid deuterium ultracold neutron source and the neutron guide system allowed us to achieve the a factor of two increase in the decay rate and overall statistics. Major systematic uncertainties, including detector calibration and linearity, electron backscattering, and neutron polarimetry, were reduced, bringing the full sytematic uncertainty to below 0.6% based on the investigations during the 2008-2009 beam cycles.

Pattie, Robert



SPEAR results, 1981  

SciTech Connect

New results from SPEAR on the inclusive photon spectrum at the psi' and on J/psi radiative transitions are presented. Evidence for an eta/sub c/' candidate is observed in the psi' inclusive photon spectrum at a mass M = 3592 +- 5 MeV. A new resonance, the theta(1640) which is observed to decay into eta eta, has been seen in radiative transitions from the J/psi. The spin-parity of the l(1440), previously observed in J/psi radiative transitions and originally identified as the E(1420), has been determined to be 0/sup -/.

Scharre, D.L.



Emittance Exchange Results  

SciTech Connect

The promise of next-generation light sources depends on the availability of ultra-low emittance electron sources. One method of producing low transverse emittance beams is to generate a low longitudinal emittance beam and exchange it with a large transverse emittance. Experiments are underway at Fermilab's A0 Photoinjector and ANL's Argonne Wakefield Accelerator using the exchange scheme of Kim and Sessler. The experiment at the A0 Photoinjector exchanges a large longitudinal emittance with a small transverse emittance. AWA expects to exchange a large transverse emittance with a small longitudinal emittance. In this paper we discuss recent results at A0 and AWA and future plans for these experiments.

Fliller III,R.; Koeth, T.



Emittance exchange results  

SciTech Connect

The promise of next-generation light sources depends on the availability of ultra-low emittance electron sources. One method of producing low transverse emittance beams is to generate a low longitudinal emittance beam and exchange it with a large transverse emittance. Experiments are underway at Fermilab's A0 Photoinjector and ANL's Argonne Wakefield Accelerator using the exchange scheme of Kim and Sessler. The experiment at the A0 Photoinjector exchanges a large longitudinal emittance with a small transverse emittance. AWA expects to exchange a large transverse emittance with a small longitudinal emittance. In this paper we discuss recent results at A0 and AWA and future plans for these experiments.

Fliller, R.P., III; /Brookhaven; Koeth, T.; /Rutgers U., Piscataway



Early physics results.  


For the past year, experiments at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) have started exploring physics at the high-energy frontier. Thanks to the superb turn-on of the LHC, a rich harvest of initial physics results have already been obtained by the two general-purpose experiments A Toroidal LHC Apparatus (ATLAS) and the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS), which are the subject of this report. The initial data have allowed a test, at the highest collision energies ever reached in a laboratory, of the Standard Model (SM) of elementary particles, and to make early searches Beyond the Standard Model (BSM). Significant results have already been obtained in the search for the Higgs boson, which would establish the postulated electro-weak symmetry breaking mechanism in the SM, as well as for BSM physics such as Supersymmetry (SUSY), heavy new particles, quark compositeness and others. The important, and successful, SM physics measurements are giving confidence that the experiments are in good shape for their journey into the uncharted territory of new physics anticipated at the LHC. PMID:22253245

Jenni, Peter



Basilar invagination: Surgical results  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Basilar invagination (BI) is a congenital craniocervical junction (CCJ) anomaly represented by a prolapsed spine into the skull-base that can result in severe neurological impairment. Materials and Methods: In this paper, we retrospective evaluate the surgical treatment of 26 patients surgically treated for symptomatic BI. BI was classified according to instability and neural abnormalities findings. Clinical outcome was evaluated using the Nürick grade system. Results: A total of 26 patients were included in this paper. Their age ranged from 15 to 67 years old (mean 38). Of which, 10 patients were male (38%) and 16 (62%) were female. All patients had some degree of tonsillar herniation, with 25 patients treated with foramen magnum decompression. Nine patients required a craniocervical fixation. Six patients had undergone prior surgery and required a new surgical procedure for progression of neurological symptoms associated with new compression or instability. Most of patients with neurological symptoms secondary to brainstem compression had some improvement during the follow-up. There was mortality in this series, 1 month after surgery, associated with a late removal of the tracheal cannula. Conclusions: Management of BI requires can provide improvements in neurological outcomes, but requires analysis of the neural and bony anatomy of the CCJ, as well as occult instability. The complexity and heterogeneous presentation requires attention to occult instability on examination and attention to airway problems secondary to concomitant facial malformations. PMID:25210337

Joaquim, Andrei F.; Ghizoni, Enrico; Giacomini, Leonardo A.; Tedeschi, Helder; Patel, Alpesh A.



Spacelab Science Results Study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Beginning with OSTA-1 in November 1981 and ending with Neurolab in March 1998, a total of 36 Shuttle missions carried various Spacelab components such as the Spacelab module, pallet, instrument pointing system, or mission peculiar experiment support structure. The experiments carried out during these flights included astrophysics, solar physics, plasma physics, atmospheric science, Earth observations, and a wide range of microgravity experiments in life sciences, biotechnology, materials science, and fluid physics which includes combustion and critical point phenomena. In all, some 764 experiments were conducted by investigators from the U.S., Europe, and Japan. The purpose of this Spacelab Science Results Study is to document the contributions made in each of the major research areas by giving a brief synopsis of the more significant experiments and an extensive list of the publications that were produced. We have also endeavored to show how these results impacted the existing body of knowledge, where they have spawned new fields, and if appropriate, where the knowledge they produced has been applied.

Naumann, R. J.; Lundquist, C. A.; Tandberg-Hanssen, E.; Horwitz, J. L.; Germany, G. A.; Cruise, J. F.; Lewis, M. L.; Murphy, K. L.



AMT experiment results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Advanced Communications Technology Satellite (ACTS) Mobile Terminal (AMT) experiments have provided a terminal technology testbed for the evaluation of K- and Ka-band mobile satellite communications (satcom). Such a system could prove to be highly beneficial for many different commercial and government mobile satcom users. Combining ACTS' highly concentrated spotbeams with the smaller, higher-gain Ka-band antenna technology, results in a system design that can support a much higher throughput capacity than today's commercial configurations. To date, experiments in such diverse areas as emergency medical applications, enhanced Personal Communication Services (PCS), disaster recovery assistance, military applications, and general voice and data services have already been evaluated. Other applications that will be evaluated over the next year include telemedicine, ISDN, and television network return feed. Baseline AMT performance results will be presented, including Bit Error Rate (BER) curves and mobile propagation data characterizing the K- and Ka-band mobile satcom channel. In addition, observations from many of the application-specific experiments will also be provided.

Abbe, Brian S.; Pinck, Deborah S.



First results from CARIBU  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Californium Rare Ion Breeder Upgrade (CARIBU) of the ATLAS superconducting linac facility aims at providing low energy and reaccelerated neutron-rich radioactive beams to address key nuclear physics, astrophysics and application issues. These beams are obtained from fission fragments of a 1 Ci 252Cf source, thermalized and collected into a low-energy particle beam by a helium gas catcher, mass analyzed by an isobar separator, and charge breed to higher charge states for acceleration in ATLAS. The method described is fast and universal and short-lived isotope yield scale essentially with Californium fission yields. The facility is now commissioned and operating with a 100 mCi source which has yielded extracted low-energy mass separated radioactive beams at intensities in excess of 100000 ions per second. Radioactive beams have been charge bred with an efficiency of up to 12% and reaccelerated to 6 MeV/u. Commissioning results, together with the results from first astrophysics experiments at CARIBU using the beams from the 100 mCi source will be presented. The final 1 Ci source is currently under fabrication and is expected to be installed by the end of the year.

Savard, Guy



First result from Qweak  

SciTech Connect

Initial results are presented from the recently-completed Q{sub weak} experiment at Jefferson Lab. The goal is a precise measurement of the proton's weak charge Q{sub w}{sup p}, to yield a test of the standard model and to search for evidence of new physics. The weak charge is extracted from the parity-violating asymmetry in elastic {rvec e}p scattering at low momentum transfer, Q{sup 2} = 0.025?GeV{sup 2}. A 180 {micro} A longitudinally-polarized 1.16 GeV electron beam was scattered from a 35 cm long liquid hydrogen at small angles, 6 {degrees} < {theta} < 12 {degrees} Scattered electrons were analyzed in a toroidal magnetic field and detected using an array of eight Cerenkov detectors arranged symmetrically about the beam axis. The initial result, from 4% of the complete data set, is Q{sub W}{sup p} = 0.064 ± 0.012, in excellent agreement with the standard model expectation. Full analysis of the data is expected to yield a value for the weak charge to about 5% precision.

Armstrong, David S. [William and Mary College, JLAB



Recent Results from HAPPEX  

SciTech Connect

New measurements of the parity-violating asymmetry in elastic scattering of 3GeV electrons off hydrogen and helium-4 targets at theta{sub lab} = 6 degrees are reported. The helium-4 result is A = (+6.40 {+-} 0.23 (stat) {+-} 0.12 (syst)) * 10{sup -6}. The hydrogen result is A = (-1.58 {+-} 0.12 (stat) {+-} 0.04 (syst)) * 10{sup -6}. The asymmetry for hydrogen is a function of a linear combination of G{sub E}{sup s} and G{sub M}{sup s}, the strange quark contributions to the electric and magnetic form factors of the nucleon respectively, and that for helium-4 is a function solely of G{sub E}{sup s}. The combination of the two measurements separates G{sub E}{sup s} and G{sub M}{sup s} and provide new limits on the role of strange quarks in the nucleon charge and magnetization distributions. We extract G{sub E}{sup s} = 0.002 {+-} 0.014 {+-} 0.007 at Q{sup 2} = 0.077 GeV{sup 2} and G{sub E}{sup s} + 0.09 G{sub M}{sup s} = 0.007 {+-} 0.011 {+-} 0.006 at Q{sup 2} = 0.109 GeV{sup 2}.

Robert Michaels



Multigan: First experimental results  

SciTech Connect

A new design of a multicharged ion source based on the MONO1000 ECRIS has been presented at the last ECR ion source (ECRIS) Workshop 2010. [L. Maunoury et al., in Proceedings of the XIXth International Workshop on ECR Ion Sources, Grenoble, France, 23-26 August 2010] This source has not only two opening at both ends but also a large space in the middle of the source enabling a direct contact with the ECR plasma. The source has been assembled mechanically and put on a test bench at the Pantechnik company. The primary tests have shown that the plasma ignition occurred at low pressure (10{sup -6} mbar) and low RF power (10 W). The first experimental results (= 1.30 for Ar and 1.85 for Xe) demonstrated the potential of this ion source in production of multicharged ion beams.

Maunoury, L.; Pacquet, J. Y.; Baret, P.; Dubois, M.; Leherissier, P.; Michel, M. [GANIL, bd H. Becquerel BP 55027, F-14076 Caen cedex 05 (France); Donzel, X.; Gaubert, G.; Leroy, R.; Villarit, A. C. C. [PANTECHNIK, 13 rue de la resistance, F-14400 Bayeux (France)



Dissociated methanol test results  

SciTech Connect

The design and testing of an automotive fuel system that provides hydrogen-rich gases to an internal combustion engine by catalytically cracking, or dissociating, methanol on board the vehicle is described. The vaporization and dissociation of methanol absorb heat from the engine exhaust and increase the lower heating value of the fuel by approximately 22%. In addition, raising the compression ratio and burning with excess air increase the engine thermal efficiency. Engine dynamometer test results with dissociated methanol demonstrated improvement in brake thermal efficiency compared to gasoline from 30% to 100% depending on engine speed and torque. Lower speeds and torques produce the largest improvements. Maps of exhaust temperature and exhaust heat content are presented. The exhaust temperature is almost always high enough for dissociation to occur, but at lower power outputs, there is only enough exhaust energy for partial dissociation of the methanol.

Finegold, J.G.; McKinnon, J.T.



Undulator Transportation Test Results  

SciTech Connect

A test was performed to determine whether transporting and handling the undulators makes any changes to their properties. This note documents the test. No significant changes to the test undulator were observed. After the LCLS undulators are tuned and fiducialized in the Magnetic Measurement Facility (MMF), they must be transported to storage buildings and transported to the tunnel. It has been established that the undulators are sensitive to temperature. We wish to know whether the undulators are also sensitive to the vibrations and shocks of transportation. To study this issue, we performed a test in which an undulator was measured in the MMF, transported to the tunnel, brought back to the MMF, and re-measured. This note documents the test and the results.

Wolf, Zachary; Horton, Nick; Kharakh, David; Levashov, Yurii; Nuhn, Heinz-Dieter; Poling, Ben; Reese, Ed; /SLAC; ,



2012 election results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On 4 October 2012, AGU members completed voting for the 2013-2014 leadership term. Union officers, Board members, section and focus group officers, and student and early career representatives to the Council were elected. All members who joined or renewed their membership by 1 July 2012 were eligible to vote in this year's leadership election. The vote was held electronically, and access to voting was provided to all eligible voters for a period of 31 days. The voting was conducted by Survey and Ballot Systems, Inc. (SBS). SBS, which offers election planning and management services, provided unique login credentials and other support services for eligible voters throughout the election. Voting results were certified by SBS on 8 October and by the AGU Tellers Committee on 9 October. The overall participation rate was 21.9%, an increase over previous AGU elections.

Robinson, Robert; Tetzlaff, Doerthe



FIRE Science Results 1989  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

FIRE (First ISCCP Regional Experiment) is a U.S. cloud-radiation research program formed in 1984 to increase the basic understanding of cirrus and marine stratocumulus cloud systems, to develop realistic parameterizations for these systems, and to validate and improve ISCCP cloud product retrievals. Presentations of results culminating the first 5 years of FIRE research activities were highlighted. The 1986 Cirrus Intensive Field Observations (IFO), the 1987 Marine Stratocumulus IFO, the Extended Time Observations (ETO), and modeling activities are described. Collaborative efforts involving the comparison of multiple data sets, incorporation of data measurements into modeling activities, validation of ISCCP cloud parameters, and development of parameterization schemes for General Circulation Models (GCMs) are described.

Mcdougal, David S. (editor)



Results of patch tests  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this work were to construct, install, and operate a patch testing unit on a hot gas stream at a coal-fired fluidized-bed boiler. A 2,000-hour patch test was conducted on ceramic disks of materials used in the fabrication of ceramic candles and ceramic cross-flow filters. The primary issues addressed in these tests were the long-term physical, thermal, and chemical stability of the ceramic materials; long-term pressure drop and filtration characteristics of the ceramic filters; potential for irreversible blinding of filter elements; and long-term performance and reliability of auxiliary hardware, such as the tube sheet and pulse-cleaning systems. Results on three samples, or patches, 10 cm in diameter are given.

Pontius, D.H.



New results from Belle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have measured the CP violation parameters in B° decays to the following CP eigenstates: (c overlinec)K s, J/?K L, J/?K -0, ? +? -, ?K s, ?/K sand K +K -K s, using data collected with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e +e - collider. One of the angles of the CKM unitality triangle, ?1, has been determined using 78 fb -1 as sin 2 ?1 = 0.719 ± 0.074 ± 0.035. The large A?? is an indication of direct CP violation in B meson decay. The S?K, S?' K are SKKK are all consistent with sin 2 ?1 within 3?. We also present the first measurement o the inclusive branching fraction for the electroweak penguin decay B ? Xs? +? -. The results on the branching fraction, dilepton and recoil mass spectra are in agreement with the Standard Model expectations.

Yamauchi, M.



Iron Mountain Electromagnetic Results  

SciTech Connect

Iron Mountain Mine is located seventeen miles northwest of Redding, CA. After the completion of mining in early 1960s, the mine workings have been exposed to environmental elements which have resulted in degradation in water quality in the surrounding water sheds. In 1985, the EPA plugged ore stoops in many of the accessible mine drifts in an attempt to restrict water flow through the mine workings. During this process little data was gathered on the orientation of the stoops and construction of the plugs. During the last 25 years, plugs have begun to deteriorate and allow acidic waters from the upper workings to flow out of the mine. A team from Idaho National Laboratory (INL) performed geophysical surveys on a single mine drift and 3 concrete plugs. The project goal was to evaluate several geophysical methods to determine competence of the concrete plugs and orientation of the stopes.

Gail Heath



Preliminary Results from GRACE  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The global mass distribution and its transport between the earth's atmosphere, oceans and solid earth is a critical component of global climate change processes. Understanding the spatial mass variation is critical to using global altimeter measurements to understand the ocean circulation. Mass transport is an important component of the signals associated with global sea level and polar ice mass change, depletion and recharge of continental aquifers, and change in the deep ocean currents. The spatial and temporial mass variation has a gravitational signal, which can be monitored as an indication of these variations. The Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) is a dedicated satellite mission whose objective is to map the global gravity field with unprecedented accuracy over a spatial range from 400 km to 40,000 km every thirty days. The measurement precision will support gravity field solutions in this frequency range that are between 10 and 1000 times better than our current knowledge. The GRACE mission involves two identical satellites orbiting one behind the other at an approximate distance of 230 km. The two satellites were launched on March17, 2002, and are designed to operate for a period of five years. The primary measurement is provided by the High Accuracy Inter-satellite Ranging System (HAIRS) which measures range change between the two satellites. The range change will be measured with a precision better than 10 microns. A highly accurate three-axis accelerometer, located at the satellite mass center, will be used to measure the surface force and attitude control induced accelerations. Satellite GPS receivers will position the satellites over the earth with sub-centimeter level accuracy. With this set of measurements, GRACE will provide highly accurate measurements of the global gravity field once every thirty days. The results from approximately 90 days of data collected during the commissioning phase have been used to obtain a model which represents an order of magnitude improvement over conventional models for degrees out todegree and order 70. This presentation will summarize the early results, describe the accuracy assessment activities and describe the plans for future modeling activities.

Tapley, B.



COBE observations and results  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes the results from the COBE satellite mission. Nine years have passed since the launch of COBE and six years since the announcement of the discovery of cosmic microwave background anisotropies by the COBE DMR instrument. This is still a relatively short time to look back and understand the implications of COBE and the anisotropy discovery; however, this 3K Cosmology Conference provides some context. The Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) satellite has made a major contribution to the field of cosmology and has help create the confidence and high level of interest that propels the field today. Two major CMB observations, the thermal spectrum of the CMB and the CMB anisotropies, plus a host of other observations and conclusions are the basis and a major but not exclusive portion of the legacy of COBE. The recent detection and observation of the cosmic infrared background (CIB) are also part of COBE{close_quote}s major contribution to cosmology. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}

Smoot, G.F. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Space Sciences Laboratory, Center for Particle Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)



VERA status and results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

VERA is a Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) array for astrometry, composed of four 20 m radio telescopes. They are located over a range of around 2300 km in Japan. VERA consists of a two-beam system equipped with 2, 6.7, 8, 22, and 43 GHz receivers. The two-beam system is used for phase referencing of the VLBI observations, to compensate for atmospheric-turbulence effects between two nearby objects. It has achieved measurements of annual parallaxes within 5 kpc with 10% accuracy. Observed sources are water, SiO, and methanol masers, which are found in molecular gas around star-forming regions and evolved stars. We have carried out a large program of astrometry to reveal the Galaxy's structure and velocity field. VERA has already measured trigonometric parallaxes of more than 30 sources and observed around a hundred sources using the two-beam astrometry technique. Maser sources are associated with high-mass star-forming regions, which are thought to trace the arm structure of the Galaxy. Using annual parallax and proper-motion measurements, their structure will be shown without kinematic distance assumptions. Some sources exhibit large differences between trigonometric-parallax measurements and kinematic distances. We present the status of the VERA project as well as recent results.

Kobayashi, H.



Recent Dama Results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

DAMA is an observatory for rare processes and it is operative deep underground at the Gran Sasso National Laboratory of the I.N.F.N. The experiment developes and uses low background scintillator for rare processes investigation. In this paper, after a short presentation of the main DAMA set-ups, the DAMA/NaI apparatus (? 100 kg highly radiopure NaI(Tl)) and its main results in the Dark Matter field will be addressed. This experiment, in particular, has effectively investigated the presence of a Dark Matter particle component in the galactic halo by exploiting the model-independent annual modulation signature over seven annual cycles (total exposure of 107731 kg × day), obtaining a 6.3 ? C.L. model-independent evidence for such a presence. In addition, some corollary model-dependent quests to investigate the nature of a candidate particle will be recalled. The new additional analysis for a pseudoscalar and for a scalar bosonic candidate (whose detection only involves electrons and photons/X-rays) will be addressed as well. Some perspectives of the second generation DAMA/LIBRA set-up (? 250 kg highly radiopure NaI(Tl)), presently in measurement deep underground, will be mentioned.

Bernabei, R.; Belli, P.; Montecchia, F.; Nozzoli, F.; Cappella, F.; D'Angelo, A.; Incicchitti, A.; Prosperi, D.; Cerulli, R.; Dai, C. J.; He, H. L.; Kuang, H. H.; Ma, J. M.; Ye, Z. P.



Simpler images, better results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The very rapid development of optical technology has followed a pattern similar to that of nuclear magnetic resonance: first, spectroscopy and then imaging. The accomplishments in spectroscopy have been significant--among them, early detection of hematomas and quantitative oximetry (assuming that time and frequency domain instruments are used). Imaging has progressed somewhat later. The first images were obtained in Japan and USA a few years ago, particularly of parietal stimulation of the human brain. Since then, rapid applications to breast and limb, together with higher resolution of the brain now make NIR imaging of functional activation and tumor detection readily available, reliable and affordable devices. The lecture has to do with the applications of imaging to these three areas, particularly to prefrontal imaging of cognitive function, of breast tumor detection, and of localized muscle activation in exercise. The imaging resolution achievable in functional activation appears to be FWHM of 4 mm. The time required for an image is a few seconds or even much less. Breast image detection at 50 microsecond(s) ec/pixel results in images obtainable in a few seconds or shorter times (bandwidths of the kHz are available). Finally, imaging of the body organs is under study in this laboratory, particularly in the in utero fetus. It appears that the photon migration theory now leads to the development of a wide number of images for human subject tissue spectroscopy and imaging.

Chance, Britton



Stochastic Inflation: New Results  

E-print Network

This is an old article which has never been posted for public use and which only appeard in a relatively hard-to-get Proceedings of the Sakharov Conference in Moscow (May, 1991). The subject of this article has received a lot of attention in last two years. Although we acknowledge that there has been a very big progress in the field of relating the spectrum of fluctuations to scalar field potentials of inflation models, which have outdated some of our results (particularly because we never took into account the tensor fluctuations which have been shown to be crucial for reconstructing the inflaton potential) we think that some of the other ideas and approaches which we presented in this article maybe still of interest. We did not rewrite the article to include any of the newer approaches and we did not add any of the newer references. The reader is advised to refer to recent papers (for example, see the paper astro-ph/9403001 by Edward Kolb and Sharon Vadas) for state of the art review and up-to-date references. ==The original abstract of the article==: We prove that, in stochastic approach, there exists an equivalence relation between different inflationary models under some redefinition of field and time variables. The postinflationary physics is insensitive to it and one can say that related theories are in fact indistinguishable from the viewpoint

A. Mezhlumian; A. Starobinsky



ALICE TPC commissioning results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ALICE is a dedicated heavy-ion experiment at CERN LHC aiming to study the properties of the quark-gluon plasma. A lead-lead collision might produce several 10 00 new particles. Detailed study of the event requires precise measurements of the particle tracks. A 90 m3 Time Projection Chamber (TPC) with more than 500 000 read-out pads was built as the main central barrel tracker. Collisions can be recorded at a rate of up to about 1 kHz. The front-end electronics, designed from FPGAs and custom ASICs, performs shaping, amplification, digitisation and digital filtering of the signals. The data are forwarded to DAQ via 216 1.25 Gb/s fibre-optical links. Configuration, control and monitoring is done by an embedded Linux system on the front-end electronics. Before production runs with beam, extensive commissioning using tracks from cosmics and from the laser system as well as clusters from radioactive krypton gas is needed. Extensive results have been obtained with respect to the performance of the TPC including its sub-systems.

Larsen, D. T.; Alice Tpc Collaboration



Borexino latest results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Borexino is a unique detector, able to measure neutrino interactions with a lower energy threshold down to ˜200 keV. This performance is allowed by an unprecedented radiopurity reached by means of a proper technology, developed in almost five year of R&D. Borexino succeeded to measure until now, and for the first time, the 7Be and pep solar neutrino fluxes, the 8B flux with a threshold down to 3. MeV, and reached a strict upper limit for the CNO neutrinos. In addition the day/night effect has been observed to be null for the 7Be flux. These achievements allowed to check for the first time the oscillation MSW-LMA model, presently adopted, in Vacuum and in the transition region, and offered the possibility to measure the ratio between the ve survival probabilities in vacuum and in matter. The results obtained by Borexino are compared to the previsions of the Solar Standard Model. The Borexino further goal is to study also the pp neutrino flux and to reduce the total error on the pep and 8B measurements, and therefore to allow a check of the hypothesis of Non Standard Neutrino Interactions. Borexino reached also evidence of the geo-neutrinos with 4.2 ? confidence level.

Bellini, Gianpaolo



Results from hadron colliders  

SciTech Connect

The present status of hadron collider physics is reviewed. The total cross section for {bar p} + p has been measured at 1.8 TeV: {sigma}{sub tot} = 72.1 {plus minus} 3.3 mb. New data confirm the UA2 observation of W/Z {yields} {bar q}q. Precision measurements of M{sub W} by UA2 and CDF give an average value M{sub W} = 80.13 {plus minus} 0.30 GeV/c{sup 2}. When combined with measurements of M{sub Z} from LEP and SLC this number gives sin{sup 2}{theta}{sub W} = 0.227 {plus minus} 0.006, or m{sub top} = 130{sub {minus}60}{sup +40} GeV/c{sup 2} from the EWK radiative correction term {Delta}r. Evidence for hadron colliders as practical sources of b quarks has been strengthened, while searches for t quarks have pushed the mass above M{sub W}: m{sub top} > 89 GeV/c{sup 2} 95% cl (CDF Preliminary). Searches beyond the standard model based on the missing E{sub T} signature have not yet produced any positive results. Future prospects for the discovery of the top quark in the range m{sub top} < 200 GeV/c{sup 2} look promising. 80 refs., 35 figs., 7 tabs.

Pondrom, L.G. (Wisconsin Univ., Madison, WI (USA))



[Results of Simulation Studies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Lattice Monte Carlo and off-lattice molecular dynamics simulations of h(sub 1)t(sub 4) and h(sub 4)t(sub l) (head/tail) amphiphile solutions have been performed as a function of surfactant concentration and temperature. The lattice and off-lattice systems exhibit quite different self-assembly behavior at equivalent thermodynamic conditions. We found that in the weakly aggregating regime (no preferred-size micelles), all models yield similar micelle size distributions at the same average aggregation number, albeit at different thermodynamic conditions (temperatures). In the strongly aggregating regime, this mapping between models (through temperature adjustment) fails, and the models exhibit qualitatively different micellization behavior. Incipient micellization in a model self-associating telechelic polymer solution results in a network with a transient elastic response that decays by a two-step relaxation: the first is due to a heterogeneous jump-diffusion process involving entrapment of end-groups within well-defined clusters and this is followed by rapid diffusion to neighboring clusters and a decay (terminal relaxation) due to cluster disintegration. The viscoelastic response of the solution manifests characteristics of a glass transition and entangled polymer network.



NAS Parallel Benchmarks Results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NAS Parallel Benchmarks (NPB) were developed in 1991 at NASA Ames Research Center to study the performance of parallel supercomputers. The eight benchmark problems are specified in a pencil and paper fashion i.e. the complete details of the problem to be solved are given in a technical document, and except for a few restrictions, benchmarkers are free to select the language constructs and implementation techniques best suited for a particular system. In this paper, we present new NPB performance results for the following systems: (a) Parallel-Vector Processors: Cray C90, Cray T'90 and Fujitsu VPP500; (b) Highly Parallel Processors: Cray T3D, IBM SP2 and IBM SP-TN2 (Thin Nodes 2); (c) Symmetric Multiprocessing Processors: Convex Exemplar SPP1000, Cray J90, DEC Alpha Server 8400 5/300, and SGI Power Challenge XL. We also present sustained performance per dollar for Class B LU, SP and BT benchmarks. We also mention NAS future plans of NPB.

Subhash, Saini; Bailey, David H.; Lasinski, T. A. (Technical Monitor)



Climax granite test results  

SciTech Connect

The Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (LLL), as part of the Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigations (NNWSI) program, is carrying out in situ rock mechanics testing in the Climax granitic stock at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). This summary addresses only those field data taken to date that address thermomechanical modeling for a hard-rock repository. The results to be discussed include thermal measurements in a heater test that was conducted from October 1977 through July 1978, and stress and displacement measurements made during and after excavation of the canister storage drift for the Spent Fuel Test (SFT) in the Climax granite. Associated laboratory and field measurements are summarized. The rock temperature for a given applied heat load at a point in time and space can be adequately modeled with simple analytic calculations involving superposition and integration of numerous point source solutions. The input, for locations beyond about a meter from the source, can be a constant thermal conductivity and diffusivity. The value of thermal conductivity required to match the field data is as much as 25% different from laboratory-measured values. Therefore, unless we come to understand the mechanisms for this difference, a simple in situ test will be required to obtain a value for final repository design. Some sensitivity calculations have shown that the temperature field is about ten times more sensitive to conductivity than to diffusivity under the test conditions. The orthogonal array was designed to detect anisotropy. After considering all error sources, anisotropic efforts in the thermal field were less than 5 to 10%.

Ramspott, L.D.



Polarization Results from PAPER  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Epoch of Reionization (EoR) experiments seeking a detection of the power spectrum face daunting challenges in the form of extremely bright foregrounds. One of the least well-characterized is that of polarization emission at meter wavelengths, both from our own Galaxy and from extragalactic radio sources. Faraday rotation of polarized sources produces frequency structure in the observed spectrum, and leakage of the polarized emission into estimates of Stokes I can be confused with the fluctuations due to reionization. Here we present recent results on characterizing the power spectrum of polarized emission the Precision Array for Probing the Epoch of Reionization (PAPER). PAPER is a focused experiment aimed at detecting the spatial power spectrum of neutral hydrogen emission during the EoR. PAPER is an interferometer operating from 100 - 200 MHz, with antennas measuring linear polarization and a correlator producing full-Stokes output. The science array is located at the site of the future Square Kilometre Array (SKA) site in South Africa, with a prototyping and test facility in Green Bank, WV. A staged build-out of PAPER South Africa (PSA) began in late 2009. PAPER has been obtaining science-grade observations since late 2011, when 32 dipoles (PSA-32) began taking data full-Stokes data, and is currently at its final size with 128 dipoles taking data since November 2013. We present power spectrum and imaging data from PSA-32 quantifying the brightness of foreground emission. We consider lessons learned from this experience in the design of the Hydrogen Epoch of Reionization Array.

Aguirre, James E.



Tajikistan: STD survey results.  


A survey on the sexually transmitted disease (STD) incidence in the rural region of Chatlon was conducted by the Republican Reproductive Health Center as part of the agreement between the Government of Tajikistan and WHO for the implementation of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) project "Improving Reproductive Health Services and Access to Family Planning." Some 1034 women answered the questionnaire on all aspects of STDs; 400 women were physically examined, and 200 blood specimens were tested for syphilis, hepatitis B and C, and HIV. 75.7% of the examined cases revealed a variety of STDs: trichomoniasis (25.3%), candidosis (17.9%), chlamydia trachomatis (14.9%), syphilis (5.6%), gonorrhea (.2%), and hepatitis B virus (.2%). STDs were most commonly found in the 21-39 age group; the lowest rate (1.89% of the cases) was found among women with a high educational level. Investigations also showed a low awareness of STDs among the population: 72% of those questioned knew nothing about STDs, while 62.8% of all housewives in the survey group knew nothing to prevent STDs. Furthermore, STD screening of the 17-20 age group revealed that 30% had genital skin changes, while 77.7% of the 19-20 age group had vaginal discharges. The results confirmed that there was a high prevalence of STDs in Tajikistan, suggesting that there was a need to promote urgent social and medical remedies. Three main goals for combating STDs are outlined: 1) to improve quality of life, 2) to decrease the risk of infection through primary prevention, and 3) to diagnose and provide early treatment to people who are infected with curable forms of STDs. PMID:12222307

Jamalova, M



Overview of JET results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since the last IAEA conference, the scientific programme of JET has focused on the qualification of the integrated operating scenarios for ITER and on physics issues essential for the consolidation of design choices and the efficient exploitation of ITER. Particular attention has been given to the characterization of the edge plasma, pedestal energy and edge localized modes (ELMs), and their impact on plasma facing components (PFCs). Various ELM mitigation techniques have been assessed for all ITER operating scenarios using active methods such as resonant magnetic field perturbation, rapid variation of the radial field and pellet pacing. In particular, the amplitude and frequency of type I ELMs have been actively controlled over a wide parameter range (q95 = 3-4.8, ?N <= 3.0) by adjusting the amplitude of the n = 1 external perturbation field induced by error field correction coils. The study of disruption induced heat loads on PFCs has taken advantage of a new wide-angle viewing infrared system and a fast bolometer to provide a detailed account of time, localization and form of the energy deposition. Specific ITER-relevant studies have used the unique JET capability of varying the toroidal field (TF) ripple from its normal low value ?BT = 0.08% up to ?BT = 1% to study the effect of TF ripple on high confinement-mode plasmas. The results suggest that ?BT < 0.5% is required on ITER to maintain adequate confinement to allow QDT = 10 at full field. Physics issues of direct relevance to ITER include heat and toroidal momentum transport, with experiments using power modulation to decouple power input and torque to achieve first experimental evidence of inward momentum pinch in JET and determine the threshold for ion temperature gradient driven modes. Within the longer term JET programme in support of ITER, activities aiming at the modification of the JET first wall and divertor and the upgrade of the neutral beam and plasma control systems are being conducted. The procurement of all components will be completed by 2009 with the shutdown for the installation of the beryllium wall and tungsten divertor extending from summer 2009 to summer 2010.

Romanelli, F.; JET-EFDA Contributors; Kamendje, R.



Sampling search-engine results  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider the problem of efficiently sampling Web search engine query results. In turn, using a small random sample instead of the full set of results leads to efficient approximate algorithms for several applications, such as: Determining the set of categories in a given taxonomy spanned by the search results;Finding the range of metadata values associated to the result set

Aris Anagnostopoulos; Andrei Z. Broder; David Carmel



CDF Run 1 diffractive results  

SciTech Connect

Results on soft and hard diffraction obtained by the CDF Collaboration in Run 1 of the Fermilab Tevatron {bar p}p collider are presented. Comparisons are made with theoretical predictions and with results from the DESY ep collider HERA.

K. Hakakeyama



September 27, 2011 Search results  

E-print Network

September 27, 2011 Search results Remove any search step by clicking x. Move to next page of results Sort options: Relevance or Date Relevance is the default order. View saved items. Saved items can be printed, emailed, or exported to RefWorks, etc. Copy this link to get an RSS feed of these search results


Paradoxical Results and Item Bundles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hooker, Finkelman, and Schwartzman ("Psychometrika," 2009, in press) defined a paradoxical result as the attainment of a higher test score by changing answers from correct to incorrect and demonstrated that such results are unavoidable for maximum likelihood estimates in multidimensional item response theory. The potential for these results to…

Hooker, Giles; Finkelman, Matthew



Results as By-Products  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main objective of the current paper is to present a series of interesting mathematical results which have unusual origins and, in particular, to consider those results which came out as by-products from another (sometimes very remote) area of Mathematics. The nature of this paper is expository. Hence, most proofs are omit- ted. The motivation for results discussed herein, originates

R. Cramer-Benjamin; V. I. Gurariy; E. R. Tsekanovskii


Risk measures The main result  

E-print Network

Outline Risk measures The main result A collection of risk measures Dual representations of risk measures Georg Ch. Pflug May 7, 2005 Georg Ch. Pflug Dual representations of risk measures #12;Outline Risk measures The main result A collection of risk measures Risk measures The main result A collection of risk

Pflug, Georg


First Results from XENON100  

E-print Network

First Results from XENON100 For the XENON100 Collaboration Rafael F. Lang Columbia University #12;Rafael F. Lang (Columbia): First Results from XENON100 2 The XENON Università di Bologna Jiao Tong University Shanghai #12;Rafael F. Lang (Columbia): First Results from XENON

Weaver, Harold A. "Hal"


ISO: highlights of recent results  

Microsoft Academic Search

ESA's Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) mission, operating in the wavelength range from 2.5 to 240 microns, made over 26000 scientific observations during its 2.5 year operational lifetime. ISO's results broke new ground on all scales. New asteroid counts and improved asteroid thermophysical models augmented important advances in Solar System chemistry to comprise a striking body of results addressing our planetary

L. Metcalfe; A. Salama



Top physics results at CDF  

SciTech Connect

The most recent results on top quark physics at CDF are reported. Measurements of cross-section and mass are presented, and the status of single top quark production searches are discussed. The results obtained from probing various top quark properties are also presented.

Vickey, Trevor; /Illinois U., Urbana



Results Report Employee Engagement Survey  

E-print Network

Dimension). This is a high, yet achievable internal standard. By definition, Internal Best scores will be above most other results. Gap vs. Overall: Differences in Percent Favorable between the report group


Results of Neptunium Disposal Testing  

SciTech Connect

Researchers investigated the neutralization of neptunium solution from H-Canyon Tank 16.4 and the properties of the resulting slurry. This work investigated slurry properties from a single neutralization protocol and limited storage times.

Walker, D.D.



COBE Tutorial and Recent Results  

E-print Network

Some of the technical details involved in taking and analyzing data from COBE are discussed, and recent results from the FIRAS and DMR experiments are summarized. Some of the cosmological implications of these recent data are presented.

Edward L. Wright



Inconclusive TSC Genetic Test Results  


... TEST RESULTS Download a PDF of this information. Genetic testing for tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) has been routinely ... their or their child’s diagnosis of TSC. However, genetic testing cannot always give you a “yes or no” ...


Rapidity Gap Results from Tevatron  

SciTech Connect

Results of rapidity gap physics in the CDF and DO Collaborations are presented. In particular, hard diffraction (diffractive dijet and heavy flavor quark production, dijet production in Double Pomeron Exchange) and color-singlet exchange are described.

K. Terashi



Summary of Results from COBE  

E-print Network

This work presents a summary of major cosmological results from the COBE (Cosmic Background Explorer) satellite mission. The results include a precise measurement of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) radiation intensity, discovery and maps of the CMB anisotropy, large scale observations of the CMB polarization, and the detection and measurement of the diffuse infrared background. This summary was occassioned by and is part of the proceedings for the 3K Cosmology Conference held at Rome in October 1998.

George F. Smoot



Electroweak results from the tevatron  

SciTech Connect

Electroweak results are presented from the CDF and DO experiments based on data collected in recent runs of the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The measurements include the mass and width of the W boson, the production cross sections of the W and Z bosons, and the W charge asymmetry. Additional results come from studies of events with pairs of electroweak gauge bosons and include limits on anomalous couplings.

Wood, D. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL (United States)



CDF experimental results on diffraction  

E-print Network

Experimental results on diffraction from the Fermilab Tevatron collider obtained by the CDF experiment are reviewed and compared. We report on the diffractive structure function obtained from dijet production in the range $0diffractive events up to $Q^2\\approx 4,500$ GeV$^2$. Results on single diffractive W/Z production, forward jets, and central exclusive production of both dijets and diphotons are also presented.

Michele Gallinaro



SIMPLE Dark Matter Search Results  

E-print Network

We report an improved SIMPLE experiment comprising four superheated droplet detectors with a total exposure of 0.42 kgd. The result yields ~ factor 10 improvement in the previously-reported results, and -- despite the low exposure -- is seen to provide restrictions on the allowed phase space of spin-dependent coupling strengths almost equivalent to those from the significantly larger exposure NAIADCDMS/ZEPLIN searches.

TA Girard; F. Giuliani; T. Morlat; M. Felizardo da Costa; J. I. Collar; D. Limagne; G. Waysand; J. Puibasset; H. S. Miley; M. Auguste; D. Boyer; A. Cavaillou; J. G. Marques; C. Oliveira; M. Felizardo; A. C. Fernandes; A. R. Ramos; R. C. Martins



First year results from LHCf  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We give a brief description of the purpose of the LHCf experiment, detectors and their performance, and what has been done in the first year experiment. A short summary of results at s = 900 GeV is given although the energy is not an ``intrinsic'' LHC energy. Since detailed results at s = 7 TeV will appear soon elsewhere, here we limit ourselves to giving also a brief account of what will come in that paper.

Kasahara, K.; Nakai, M.; Shimizu, Y.; Suzuki, T.; Torii, S.; Yoshida, K.; Tamura, T.; Fukatsu, K.; Itow, Y.; Kawade, K.; Mase, T.; Masuda, K.; Matsubara, Y.; Mitsuka, G.; Sako, T.; Suzuki, K.; Taki, K.; Menjo, H.; Muraki, Y.; Haguenauer, M.; Turner, W. C.; Adriani, O.; Bonechi, L.; Bongi, M.; Castellini, G.; D'Alessandro, R.; Grandi, M.; Papini, P.; Ricciarini, S.; Noda, K.; Tricomi, A.; Faus, A.; Velasco, J.; Macina, D.; Perrot, A.-L.



Recent Results in Bottomonium Spectroscopy  

E-print Network

We review recent results in the spectroscopy of the bottomonium system. Among the recent measurements discussed are measurements of decays of all three sub-open threshold triplet-S bottomonium resonances to all three lepton flavors, and measurements of the rates and invariant mass distributions for dipion transitions among the triplet-S bottomonium states. Results from CLEO, Belle and BaBar are presented.

Todd K. Pedlar



MAXIPOL: Data Analysis and Results  

E-print Network

We present results from and the analysis of data from MAXIPOL, a balloon-borne experiment designed to measure the polarization in the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB). MAXIPOL is the first CMB experiment to obtain results using a rotating half-wave plate as a rapid polarization modulator. We report results from observations of a sky area of 8 deg^2 with 10-arcmin resolution, providing information up to l~700. We use a maximum-likelihood method to estimate maps of the Q and U Stokes parameters from the demodulated time streams, and then both Bayesian and frequentist approaches to compute the EE, EB, and BB power spectra. Detailed formalisms of the analyses are given. A variety of tests show no evidence for systematic errors. The Bayesian analysis gives weak evidence for an EE signal. The EE power is 55^{+51}_{-45} \\mu K^2 at the 68% confidence level for l=151-693. Its likelihood function is asymmetric and skewed positive such that with a uniform prior the probability of a positive EE power is 96%. The powers of EB and BB signals at the 68% confidence level are 18^{+27}_{-34} \\mu K^2 and -31^{+31}_{-19} \\mu K^2 respectively and thus consistent with zero. The upper limit of the BB-mode at the 95% confidence level is 9.5 \\mu K. Results from the frequentist approach are in agreement within statistical errors. These results are consistent with the current concordance LCDM model.

J. H. P. Wu; J. Zuntz; M. E. Abroe; P. A. R. Ade; J. Bock; J. Borrill; J. Collins; S. Hanany; A. H. Jaffe; B. R. Johnson; T. Jones; A. T. Lee; T. Matsumura; B. Rabii; T. Renbarger; P. L. Richards; G. F. Smoot; R. Stompor; H. T. Tran; C. D. Winant



Data Mining Citizen Science Results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientific discovery from big data is enabled through multiple channels, including data mining (through the application of machine learning algorithms) and human computation (commonly implemented through citizen science tasks). We will describe the results of new data mining experiments on the results from citizen science activities. Discovering patterns, trends, and anomalies in data are among the powerful contributions of citizen science. Establishing scientific algorithms that can subsequently re-discover the same types of patterns, trends, and anomalies in automatic data processing pipelines will ultimately result from the transformation of those human algorithms into computer algorithms, which can then be applied to much larger data collections. Scientific discovery from big data is thus greatly amplified through the marriage of data mining with citizen science.

Borne, K. D.



New results from FRECOPA analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

New results from the ongoing analysis of the FRECOPA's (FREnch COoperative PAssive payload) system hardware are discussed. FRECOPA (AO138) was one of the 57 experiments flown on the LDEF satellite. The experiment was located on the trailing edge (Tray B3) and was exposed to UV radiation (11,100 equivalent sun hours), approximately equal to 34,000 thermal cycles, higher vacuum levels than the leading edge, a low atomic oxygen flux, and minor doses of protons and electrons. Due to LDEF's extended mission (5.8 years), CNES decided to set up a team to analyze the FRECOPA system. Initial results were presented at the First Post-Retrieval Conference, June, 1991. The results obtained since then are summarized.

Durin, Christian



[Submitting studies without significant results].  


When a study finds that no exposure factor or therapy is significantly related to a given effect, researchers legitimately wonder if the results should be submitted for publication and to what journal. Clinical trials that report significant associations have a higher probability of publication, a phenomenon known as selective publication. The principal reasons of this selective publication include author self-censorship, peer-reviewing, trials not intended for publication, interpretation of the p value, cost of journal subscriptions, and policies. Subsequent reviews and meta-analyses are biased by the unavailability of nonsignificant results. Suggestions for preventing this risk include university training, trial registries, an international standard randomised controlled trial number (ISRCTN), Cochrane collaboration, and the gray literature. Journals (including electronic journals) interested in studies with nonsignificant results are listed. New technologies are changing the relations between publishers, libraries, authors and readers. PMID:17287106

Texier, Gaëtan; Meynard, Jean-Baptiste; Michel, Rémy; Migliani, René; Boutin, Jean-Paul



ACTS: Technology Description and Results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ACTS Project was originated at NASA Glenn Research Center in the early 1980's to sponsor the development and application of technology that was intended to be used by the private sector. The program was formulated with the underlying philosophy of maintaining US leadership in satellite communications while focusing technology development for efficient use of the frequency spectrum. This report chronicles the execution and results of the program from the perspective of its technology managers, from inception through hardware and system development to on-orbit experiments and demonstrations of the technology. The first eight sections of the report discuss programmatic background, the specific satellite and ground terminal technology and the results generated by the program including industry relevance. A federally funded program of this type attracted strong advocates and adversaries and the resulting impact on the project schedule is also discussed. The last two sections are a list of useful acronyms and extensive references.

Gedney, Richard T.; Schertler, Ronald; Gargione, Frank



New NAS Parallel Benchmarks Results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NPB2 (NAS (NASA Advanced Supercomputing) Parallel Benchmarks 2) is an implementation, based on Fortran and the MPI (message passing interface) message passing standard, of the original NAS Parallel Benchmark specifications. NPB2 programs are run with little or no tuning, in contrast to NPB vendor implementations, which are highly optimized for specific architectures. NPB2 results complement, rather than replace, NPB results. Because they have not been optimized by vendors, NPB2 implementations approximate the performance a typical user can expect for a portable parallel program on distributed memory parallel computers. Together these results provide an insightful comparison of the real-world performance of high-performance computers. New NPB2 features: New implementation (CG), new workstation class problem sizes, new serial sample versions, more performance statistics.

Yarrow, Maurice; Saphir, William; VanderWijngaart, Rob; Woo, Alex; Kutler, Paul (Technical Monitor)



Photometric commissioning results from MINERVA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

MINERVA is a robotic observatory with four 0.7 meter telescopes at Mt. Hopkins, Arizona, dedicated to precise photometry and radial velocity observations of bright, nearby stars for the discovery and characterization of small exoplanets. Here we present the first photometric results from MINERVA during commissioning at our test facility in Pasadena, California, demonstrating sub-millimag precision on 3-5 minute timescales over several hours. These results show that MINERVA is well-equipped to address its secondary science goal of searching for transits of known and newly discovered super-Earth exoplanets detected by radial velocity, including potential detections from the MINERVA spectrograph.

Eastman, Jason D.; Swift, Jonathan; Beatty, Thomas G.; Bottom, Michael; Johnson, John; Wright, Jason; McCrady, Nate; Wittenmyer, Robert A.; Riddle, Reed L.; Plavchan, Peter; Muirhead, Philip Steven; Blake, Cullen; Zhao, Ming



Supersymmetry results at the Tevatron  

SciTech Connect

The Run II physics programme of the Tevatron is proceeding with more than 300 pb{sup -1} of analysis quality data, collected at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV. Searches for supersymmetric particles are starting to set new limits, improving over the LEP and Run I results and exploring new regions of parameter space. They present recent results in Supersymmetry with the upgraded CDF and D0 detectors and give some prospects for the future of these searches.

Manca, Giulia; /Liverpool U.



Communicating Performance Assessments Results - 13609  

SciTech Connect

The F-Area Tank Farms (FTF) and H-Area Tank Farm (HTF) are owned by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and operated by Savannah River Remediation LLC (SRR), Liquid Waste Operations contractor at DOE's Savannah River Site (SRS). The FTF and HTF are active radioactive waste storage and treatment facilities consisting of 51 carbon steel waste tanks and ancillary equipment such as transfer lines, evaporators and pump tanks. Performance Assessments (PAs) for each Tank Farm have been prepared to support the eventual closure of the underground radioactive waste tanks and ancillary equipment. PAs provide the technical bases and results to be used in subsequent documents to demonstrate compliance with the pertinent requirements for final closure of the Tank Farms. The Tank Farms are subject to a number of regulatory requirements. The State regulates Tank Farm operations through an industrial waste water permit and through a Federal Facility Agreement approved by the State, DOE and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Closure documentation will include State-approved Tank Farm Closure Plans and tank-specific closure modules utilizing information from the PAs. For this reason, the State of South Carolina and the EPA must be involved in the performance assessment review process. The residual material remaining after tank cleaning is also subject to reclassification prior to closure via a waste determination pursuant to Section 3116 of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization Act of Fiscal Year 2005. PAs are performance-based, risk-informed analyses of the fate and transport of FTF and HTF residual wastes following final closure of the Tank Farms. Since the PAs serve as the primary risk assessment tools in evaluating readiness for closure, it is vital that PA conclusions be communicated effectively. In the course of developing the FTF and HTF PAs, several lessons learned have emerged regarding communicating PA results. When communicating PA results it is important to stress that the primary goal of the PA results is to provide risk understanding, recognizing the magnitude of risk and identifying the conceptual model decisions and critical assumptions that most impact the results. Conceptual models that describe reality using simplified, mathematical approaches, and their roles in arriving at the PA results, must also be communicated. When presenting PA results, evaluations will typically be focused on a single baseline (or Base Case) to provide a foundation for discussion. The PA results are supplemented by other studies (alternate configurations, uncertainty analyses, and sensitivity analyses) which provide a breadth of modeling to supplement the Base Case. The suite of information offered by the various modeling cases and studies provides confidence that the overall risk is understood along with the underlying parameters and conditions that contribute to risk. (author)

Layton, Mark [Savannah River Remediation LLC, Building 705-1C, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)] [Savannah River Remediation LLC, Building 705-1C, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)



Recent CMS results on diffraction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent CMS results on diffraction are presented. These include the measurements of the soft diffractive cross sections, of the forward rapidity gap cross section, of the diffractive dijet cross section, the measurement of a large rapidity gap in W and Z boson events and the measurement of the pseudorapidity distribution of charged particles in a single diffractive enhanced sample. This last measurement is the first common result of the CMS and TOTEM collaborations. Some prospects of common CMS-TOTEM data taking are also discussed.

Benoît, Roland



Results from Numerical General Relativity  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

For several years numerical simulations have been revealing the details of general relativity's predictions for the dynamical interactions of merging black holes. I will review what has been learned of the rich phenomenology of these mergers and the resulting gravitational wave signatures. These wave forms provide a potentially observable record of the powerful astronomical events, a central target of gravitational wave astronomy. Asymmetric radiation can produce a thrust on the system which may accelerate the single black hole resulting from the merger to high relative velocity.

Baker, John G.



CDF results on electroweak physics  

SciTech Connect

The second major run of the {bar p}p Fermilab Tevatron collider has just ended on June 1. The CDF detector has accumulated almost five times the data sample of its previous 1988--1989 run. We present new results on the ratio of W to Z boson production cross-sections and on the charge asymmetry in W decay. We give a progress report on the measurement of the W mass. New results from the 1988--1989 data on Drell-Yan production and on W {gamma} production are also presented.

Frisch, H.J. [Chicago Univ., IL (United States). Enrico Fermi Inst.; CDF Collaboration



The Cluster Processor:. New Results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a progress report on the Cluster Processor, a special-purpose computer system for the Wolff simulation of the three-dimensional Ising model, including an analysis of simulation results obtained thus far. These results allow, within narrow error margins, a determination of the parameters describing the phase transition of the simple-cubic Ising model and its universality class. For an improved determination of the correction-to-scaling exponent, we include Monte Carlo data for systems with nearest-neighbor and third-neighbor interactions in the analysis.

Blöte, Henk W. J.; Shchur, Lev. N.; Talapov, Andrei L.


Planck 2013 results. I. Overview of products and scientific results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The European Space Agency's Planck satellite, dedicated to studying the early Universe and its subsequent evolution, was launched 14 May 2009 and has been scanning the microwave and submillimetre sky continuously since 12 August 2009. In March 2013, ESA and the Planck Collaboration released the initial cosmology products based on the first 15.5 months of Planck data, along with a set of scientific and technical papers and a web-based explanatory supplement. This paper gives an overview of the mission and its performance, the processing, analysis, and characteristics of the data, the scientific results, and the science data products and papers in the release. The science products include maps of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) and diffuse extragalactic foregrounds, a catalogue of compact Galactic and extragalactic sources, and a list of sources detected through the Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect. The likelihood code used to assess cosmological models against the Planck data and a lensing likelihood are described. Scientific results include robust support for the standard six-parameter ?CDM model of cosmology and improved measurements of its parameters, including a highly significant deviation from scale invariance of the primordial power spectrum. The Planck values for these parameters and others derived from them are significantly different from those previously determined. Several large-scale anomalies in the temperature distribution of the CMB, first detected by WMAP, are confirmed with higher confidence. Planck sets new limits on the number and mass of neutrinos, and has measured gravitational lensing of CMB anisotropies at greater than 25?. Planck finds no evidence for non-Gaussianity in the CMB. Planck's results agree well with results from the measurements of baryon acoustic oscillations. Planck finds a lower Hubble constant than found in some more local measures. Some tension is also present between the amplitude of matter fluctuations (?8) derived from CMB data and that derived from Sunyaev-Zeldovich data. The Planck and WMAP power spectra are offset from each other by an average level of about 2% around the first acoustic peak. Analysis of Planck polarization data is not yet mature, therefore polarization results are not released, although the robust detection of E-mode polarization around CMB hot and cold spots is shown graphically.

Planck Collaboration; Ade, P. A. R.; Aghanim, N.; Alves, M. I. R.; Armitage-Caplan, C.; Arnaud, M.; Ashdown, M.; Atrio-Barandela, F.; Aumont, J.; Aussel, H.; Baccigalupi, C.; Banday, A. J.; Barreiro, R. B.; Barrena, R.; Bartelmann, M.; Bartlett, J. G.; Bartolo, N.; Basak, S.; Battaner, E.; Battye, R.; Benabed, K.; Benoît, A.; Benoit-Lévy, A.; Bernard, J.-P.; Bersanelli, M.; Bertincourt, B.; Bethermin, M.; Bielewicz, P.; Bikmaev, I.; Blanchard, A.; Bobin, J.; Bock, J. J.; Böhringer, H.; Bonaldi, A.; Bonavera, L.; Bond, J. R.; Borrill, J.; Bouchet, F. R.; Boulanger, F.; Bourdin, H.; Bowyer, J. W.; Bridges, M.; Brown, M. L.; Bucher, M.; Burenin, R.; Burigana, C.; Butler, R. C.; Calabrese, E.; Cappellini, B.; Cardoso, J.-F.; Carr, R.; Carvalho, P.; Casale, M.; Castex, G.; Catalano, A.; Challinor, A.; Chamballu, A.; Chary, R.-R.; Chen, X.; Chiang, H. C.; Chiang, L.-Y.; Chon, G.; Christensen, P. R.; Churazov, E.; Church, S.; Clemens, M.; Clements, D. L.; Colombi, S.; Colombo, L. P. L.; Combet, C.; Comis, B.; Couchot, F.; Coulais, A.; Crill, B. P.; Cruz, M.; Curto, A.; Cuttaia, F.; Da Silva, A.; Dahle, H.; Danese, L.; Davies, R. D.; Davis, R. J.; de Bernardis, P.; de Rosa, A.; de Zotti, G.; Déchelette, T.; Delabrouille, J.; Delouis, J.-M.; Démoclès, J.; Désert, F.-X.; Dick, J.; Dickinson, C.; Diego, J. M.; Dolag, K.; Dole, H.; Donzelli, S.; Doré, O.; Douspis, M.; Ducout, A.; Dunkley, J.; Dupac, X.; Efstathiou, G.; Elsner, F.; Enßlin, T. A.; Eriksen, H. K.; Fabre, O.; Falgarone, E.; Falvella, M. C.; Fantaye, Y.; Fergusson, J.; Filliard, C.; Finelli, F.; Flores-Cacho, I.; Foley, S.; Forni, O.; Fosalba, P.; Frailis, M.; Fraisse, A. A.; Franceschi, E.; Freschi, M.; Fromenteau, S.; Frommert, M.; Gaier, T. C.; Galeotta, S.; Gallegos, J.; Galli, S.; Gandolfo, B.; Ganga, K.; Gauthier, C.; Génova-Santos, R. T.; Ghosh, T.; Giard, M.; Giardino, G.; Gilfanov, M.; Girard, D.; Giraud-Héraud, Y.; Gjerløw, E.; González-Nuevo, J.; Górski, K. M.; Gratton, S.; Gregorio, A.; Gruppuso, A.; Gudmundsson, J. E.; Haissinski, J.; Hamann, J.; Hansen, F. K.; Hansen, M.; Hanson, D.; Harrison, D. L.; Heavens, A.; Helou, G.; Hempel, A.; Henrot-Versillé, S.; Hernández-Monteagudo, C.; Herranz, D.; Hildebrandt, S. R.; Hivon, E.; Ho, S.; Hobson, M.; Holmes, W. A.; Hornstrup, A.; Hou, Z.; Hovest, W.; Huey, G.; Huffenberger, K. M.; Hurier, G.; Ili?, S.; Jaffe, A. H.; Jaffe, T. R.; Jasche, J.; Jewell, J.; Jones, W. C.; Juvela, M.; Kalberla, P.; Kangaslahti, P.; Keihänen, E.; Kerp, J.; Keskitalo, R.; Khamitov, I.; Kiiveri, K.; Kim, J.; Kisner, T. S.; Kneissl, R.; Knoche, J.; Knox, L.; Kunz, M.; Kurki-Suonio, H.; Lacasa, F.; Lagache, G.; Lähteenmäki, A.; Lamarre, J.-M.; Langer, M.; Lasenby, A.; Lattanzi, M.; Laureijs, R. J.; Lavabre, A.; Lawrence, C. R.; Le Jeune, M.; Leach, S.; Leahy, J. P.; Leonardi, R.; León-Tavares, J.; Leroy, C.; Lesgourgues, J.; Lewis, A.; Li, C.; Liddle, A.; Liguori, M.; Lilje, P. B.; Linden-Vørnle, M.; Lindholm, V.; López-Caniego, M.; Lowe, S.; Lubin, P. M.; Macías-Pérez, J. F.; MacTavish, C. J.; Maffei, B.; Maggio, G.; Maino, D.; Mandolesi, N.; Mangilli, A.; Marcos-Caballero, A.; Marinucci, D.; Maris, M.; Marleau, F.; Marshall, D. J.; Martin, P. G.; Martínez-González, E.; Masi, S.; Massardi, M.; Matarrese, S.; Matsumura, T.; Matthai, F.; Maurin, L.; Mazzotta, P.; McDonald, A.; McEwen, J. D.; McGehee, P.; Mei, S.; Meinhold, P. R.; Melchiorri, A.; Melin, J.-B.; Mendes, L.; Menegoni, E.; Mennella, A.; Migliaccio, M.; Mikkelsen, K.; Millea, M.; Miniscalco, R.; Mitra, S.; Miville-Deschênes, M.-A.; Molinari, D.; Moneti, A.; Montier, L.; Morgante, G.; Morisset, N.; Mortlock, D.; Moss, A.; Munshi, D.; Murphy, J. A.; Naselsky, P.; Nati, F.; Natoli, P.; Negrello, M.; Nesvadba, N. P. H.; Netterfield, C. B.; Nørgaard-Nielsen, H. U.; North, C.; Noviello, F.; Novikov, D.; Novikov, I.; O'Dwyer, I. J.; Orieux, F.; Osborne, S.; O'Sullivan, C.; Oxborrow, C. A.; Paci, F.; Pagano, L.; Pajot, F.; Paladini, R.; Pandolfi, S.; Paoletti, D.; Partridge, B.; Pasian, F.; Patanchon, G.; Paykari, P.; Pearson, D.; Pearson, T. J.; Peel, M.; Peiris, H. V.; Perdereau, O.; Perotto, L.; Perrotta, F.; Pettorino, V.; Piacentini, F.; Piat, M.; Pierpaoli, E.; Pietrobon, D.; Plaszczynski, S.; Platania, P.; Pogosyan, D.; Pointecouteau, E.; Polenta, G.; Ponthieu, N.; Popa, L.; Poutanen, T.; Pratt, G. W.; Prézeau, G.; Prunet, S.; Puget, J.-L.; Pullen, A. R.; Rachen, J. P.; Racine, B.; Rahlin, A.; Räth, C.; Reach, W. T.; Rebolo, R.; Reinecke, M.; Remazeilles, M.; Renault, C.; Renzi, A.; Riazuelo, A.; Ricciardi, S.; Riller, T.; Ringeval, C.; Ristorcelli, I.; Robbers, G.; Rocha, G.; Roman, M.; Rosset, C.; Rossetti, M.; Roudier, G.; Rowan-Robinson, M.; Rubiño-Martín, J. A.; Ruiz-Granados, B.; Rusholme, B.



Direct photon results from CDF  

SciTech Connect

Results using isolated direct photons measured with the CDF detector during the 1992--1993 run of the Fermilab Tevatron are presented. Photon detection and background subtraction are described. Measurement of the inclusive photon cross section as well as photon-jet cross sections are discussed and compared to next-to-leading order QCD predictions.

CDF Collaboration



Results on meshless collocation techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though the technique introduced by Kansa is very successful in engineering applications, there were no proven results so far on the unsymmetric meshless collocation method for solving PDE boundary value problems in strong form. While the original method cannot be proven to be fail-safe in general, we prove asymptotic feasibility for a generalized variant using separated trial and test spaces.

Leevan Ling; Roland Opfer; Robert Schaback



Evaluation will produce helpful results  

E-print Network

Evaluation will produce helpful results Cal State Fullerton Dean of Students Evaluating Your everything in sight on the theory that this will validate the evaluation, or that a widely cast net will find them?" Evaluation is about making useful decisions and finding helpful information about the reasons

de Lijser, Peter


Districtwide Test Results, Spring 1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each spring students in fifth, seventh and ninth grades in the San Diego City Schools complete a series of tests as part of the annual Districtwide Testing Program. The Comprehensive Tests of Basic Skills (CTBS) are used to measure student knowledge of various broad areas of the curriculum. This bulletin presents results of student achievement in…

San Diego Unified School District, CA.


2013 Results Place UG team  

E-print Network

engineering 2nd Place UG team INVENTORS GUILD A professional networking and matchmaking website identifying to store their travel/vacation preferences and be given personalized search results with complete '13 Mgmt 3rd Place UG team DESIGN FOR USER A user-centered design software that will evaluate pre-market

Salama, Khaled


State Test Results Are Predictable  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Out-of-school, community demographic and family-level variables have an important influence on student achievement as measured by large-scale standardized tests. Studies described here demonstrated that about half of the test score is accounted for by variables outside the control of teachers and school administrators. The results from these…

Tienken, Christopher H.



2007 Fall Meeting Search Results  

E-print Network

2007 Fall Meeting Search Results Cite abstracts as Author(s) (2007), Title, Eos Trans. AGU, 88(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract xxxxx-xx Your query was: ildefonse HR: 1340h AN: T53B-1306 TI (0450, 1034, 3017, 3616, 4832, 8135) SC: Tectonophysics [T] MN: 2007 Fall Meeting New Search #12;

Demouchy, Sylvie


2006 Fall Meeting Search Results  

E-print Network

2006 Fall Meeting Search Results Cite abstracts as Author(s) (2006), Title, Eos Trans. AGU, 87(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract xxxxx-xx Your query was: "T11A-0425" The selected databases contain one and weathering DE: 5475 Tectonics (8149) SC: Tectonophysics [T] MN: 2006 Fall Meeting #12;

Zreda, Marek


Results of Computer Based Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report compares the projected savings of using computer based training to conduct training for newly hired pilots to the results of that application. New Hire training, one of a number of programs conducted continuously at the United Airline Flight Operations Training Center, is designed to assure that any newly hired pilot will be able to…



Evaluating Polling Methods and Results  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What basic skills are needed to read a poll? How are scientifically sound polls conducted? How can one gauge the reliability of poll data? In this lesson, students learn terms associated with polling as well as how to read and evaluate poll methodologies and results. They then practice administering and interpreting polls.

The New York Times The Learning Network


Equations. Problems. Results. Methods. Examples  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter is introductory. It contains definitions and examples of equations from the classes considered in this book,\\u000a setting the context of the problems to be solved. We describe main results and techniques. In addition, we have included in\\u000a this chapter several lemmas essential for this book.

Samuil D. Eidelman; Anatoly N. Kochubei; Stepan D. Ivasyshen


Airborne laser topographic mapping results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of terrain mapping experiments utilizing the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Airborne Oceanographic Lidar (AOL) over forested areas are presented. The flight tests were conducted as part of a joint NASA/U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (CE) investigation aimed at evaluating the potential of an airborne laser ranging system to provide cross-sectional topographic data on flood plains that are difficult and expensive to survey using conventional techniques. The data described in this paper were obtained in the Wolf River Basin located near Memphis, TN. Results from surveys conducted under winter 'leaves off' and summer 'leaves on' conditions, aspects of day and night operation, and data obtained from decidous and coniferous tree types are compared. Data processing techniques are reviewed. Conclusions relative to accuracy and present limitations of the AOL, and airborne lidar systems in general, to terrain mapping over forested areas are discussed.

Krabill, W. B.; Collins, J. G.; Link, L. E.; Swift, R. N.; Butler, M. L.



Top physics results from CDF  

SciTech Connect

The top quark is by far the most massive fundamental particle observed so far, and the study of its properties is interesting for several reasons ranging from its possible special role in electroweak symmetry breaking to its sensitivity to physics beyond the Standard Model. They present recent top physics results from CDF based on 160-320 pb{sup -1} of p{bar p} collision data at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. The t{bar t} cross section and the top mass have been measured in different decay channels and using different methods. they have searched for evidence of single top production, setting upper limits on its production rate. Other results shown in this conference include studies of the polarization of W bosons from top decays, a search for charged Higgs decaying from top, and a search for additional heavy t' quarks.

Gomez, Gervasio; /Cantabria Inst. of Phys.



Seeds in space experiment results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Two million seeds of 120 different varieties representing 106 species, 97 genera, and 55 plant families were flown aboard the Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF). The seeds were housed on the space exposed experiment developed for students (SEEDS) tray in sealed canister number six and in two small vented canisters. The tray was in the F-2 position. The seeds were germinated and the germination rates and development of the resulting plants compared to the control seed that stayed in Park Seed's seed storage facility. The initial results are presented. There was a better survival rate in the sealed canister in space than in the storage facility at Park Seed. At least some of the seeds in each of the vented canisters survived the exposure to vacuum for almost six years. The number of observed apparent mutations was very low.

Alston, Jim A.



Direct photon results from CDF  

SciTech Connect

Results using photons measured with the CDF detector during the 1992--93 run of the Fermilab Tevatron are presented. Photon detection and background suppression are described. Measurement of the inclusive photon cross section as well as photon-jet cross sections are discussed and compared to next-to-leading order QCD predictions. The search for excited quarks using the photon-jet mass distribution is described and a limit is derived.

Flaugher, B.; CDF Collaboration



Recent CLEO-c Results  

SciTech Connect

Recent CLEO-c results on open and closed charm physics at center-of-mass energy of 3773 MeV ({psi}(3770) resonance), 4170 MeV and 3686 MeV ({psi}(2S) peak) are reviewed. Measurements of absolute hadronic branching ratios of D0, D+ and D{sub s}{sup +} mesons as well as charmonium spectroscopy are discussed. An outlook and future prospects for the experiment at CESR is also presented.

Mendez, H. [Department of Physics, University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, 00681 (Puerto Rico)



Poultry Feeds and Feeding Results.  

E-print Network

Regisfration &erk . A: T: JACKS&, Stenpgrapher .\\V. F. CHR~STIAN, Stenographer CARL ARELL, Sclentrjil: Assrstanl ELIZABETH WALKER, Stenographer F. C. M~~c.~ur.rur.s, Stenographsr E. E. KILBORN, Sfenographer *As of February 1 1917. **In cooperation... STATION BULLETIN NO. 206 JANUARY, 1917 DIVISION OF POULTRY HUSBANDRY POULTRY FEEDS AID FEEDING RESULTS R. N. HARVEY, Poultry Husbandman . COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS AUSTIN, TEXAS : TON POECKMANN-JONES CO., PRINTERS, AGRICULTURAL...

Harvey, R.N.



New Diffraction Results from CDF  

E-print Network

We report measurements of hard diffractive processes performed by the CDF collaboration in proton-antiproton collisions at the Fermilab Tevatron collider at $\\sqrt{s}$=1960 GeV. The characteristics of the diffractive structure function from diffractive dijet production studies are presented. The results of exclusive dijet production in double pomeron exchange are discussed in the context of exclusive Higgs production at the LHC.

Christina Mesropian



Main Results of Grossversuch IV  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main results of a randomized hail suppression experiment, Grossversuch IV, are presented in this paper. Grossversuch IV tested the `Soviet' hail prevention method during five years (1977-81). The field experiment took place in central Switzerland with the participation of research groups from France, Italy and Switzerland.A very dense hailpad network (330 hailpads over 1300 km2) and a carefully calibrated

B. Federer; A. Waldvogel; W. Schmid; H. H. Schiesser; F. Hampel; Marianne Schweingruber; W. Stahel; J. Bader; J. F. Mezeix; Nadie Doras; G. D'Aubigny; G. Dermegreditchian; D. Vento



Variability of aflatoxin test results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using 12 lb samples, 280 g subsamples, the Waltking method of analysis, and densitometric procedures, the sampling, subsampling,\\u000a and analytical variances associated with aflatoxin test procedures were estimated. Regression analysis indicated that each\\u000a of the above variance components is a function of the concentration of aflatoxin in the population being tested. Results,\\u000a for the test procedures given above, showed that

T. B. Whitaker; J. W. Dickens; R. J. Monroe



SPQR -- Spectroscopy: Prospects, Questions & Results  

SciTech Connect

Tremendous progress has been made in mapping out the spectrum of hadrons over the past decade with plans to make further advances in the decade ahead. Baryons and mesons, both expected and unexpected, have been found, the results of precision experiments often with polarized beams, polarized targets and sometimes polarization of the final states. All these hadrons generate poles in the complex energy plane that are consequences of strong coupling QCD. They reveal how this works.

Pennington, Michael R. [JLAB



Open cherry picker simulation results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The simulation program associated with a key piece of support equipment to be used to service satellites directly from the Shuttle is assessed. The Open Cherry Picker (OCP) is a manned platform mounted at the end of the remote manipulator system (RMS) and is used to enhance extra vehicular activities (EVA). The results of simulations performed on the Grumman Large Amplitude Space Simulator (LASS) and at the JSC Water Immersion Facility are summarized.

Nathan, C. A.



Cassini Imaging Results at Titan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Cassini Imaging Science Subsystem (ISS) images show striking albedo markings on the surface of Titan. In equatorial regions the albedo patterns have high contrast and exhibit prominent lineaments and linear/angular boundaries suggestive of tectonic influences or fracturing of brittle surficial materials. There are intriguing dark curving lines near the south pole. Here we present several working hypotheses to explain these patterns. We also briefly summarize atmospheric science results.

McEwen, A.; Turtle, E.; Perry J.; Fussner, S.; Porco, C.; West, R.; Johnson, T.; Collins, G.; DelGenio, T.; Barbara, J.



CMS Results on Hard Diffraction  

E-print Network

In these proceedings we present CMS results on hard diffraction. Diffractive dijet production in pp collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$=7 TeV is discussed. The cross section for dijet production is presented as a function of $\\tilde{\\xi}$, representing the fractional momentum loss of the scattered proton in single-diffractive events. The observation of W and Z boson production in events with a large pseudo-rapidity gap is also presented.

Christina Mesropian on behalf of the CMS collaboration



Heavy Flavour results from Tevatron  

E-print Network

The CDF and D0 experiments finalize the analysis of their full statistics collected in the $p \\bar p$ collisions at a center-of-mass energy of $\\sqrt{s} = 1.96$ TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. This paper presents several new results on the properties of hadrons containing heavy $b$- and $c$-quarks obtained by both collaborations. These results include the search for the rare decays $B^0, B^0_s \\to \\mu^+ \\mu^-$ (CDF), the study of CP asymmetry in $B_s \\to J\\psi \\phi$ decay (CDF, D0), the measurement of the like-sign dimuon charge asymmetry (D0), the measurement of CP asymmetry in $D^0 \\to K^+K^-$ and $D^0 \\to \\pi^+\\pi^-$ decays (CDF), and the new measurement of the $B_s \\to D_s^{(*)+} D_s^{(*)-}$ branching fraction (CDF). Both experiments still expect to produce more results on the properties of heavy flavours.

G. Borissov



Improved results with continent ileostomy.  

PubMed Central

The objective of this study was to determine if recent technical modifications have improved our results with continent ileostomy (Kock pouch). The modifications were that the valve of the pouch was made at least 5 cm in length and was anchored with specially placed, nonabsorbable sutures or staples. The pouch was drained continuously for the first four postoperative weeks, after which it was only gradually allowed to expand. Results from our first 149 patients were compared to those from our last 150 patients, in whom the modified approach was used. The age, sex, indications for operation and types of operation were similar in the early and late groups. No postoperative deaths occurred, and the incidence of continence at dismissal from hospital was near 100% in both groups. However, 15 pouches were excised in the early group as opposed to only five in the late group (p < 0.01). Moreover, the need for revision of the valve by one year was 43% in the early group but only 22% in the late group (p < 0.001). Long-term follow-up showed that complete continence was present in 60% of patients in the early group and 75% of patients in the later group (p < 0.05), although only about 5% of patients in either group wore an ileostomy bag. We concluded that recent technical changes have improved the results after continent ileostomy. PMID:7416829

Dozois, R R; Kelly, K A; Beart, R W; Beahrs, O H



The WMAP data and results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) science team has released results from the first year of operation at the Earth-Sun L 2 Lagrange point. The maps are consistent with previous observations but have much better sensitivity and angular resolution than the COBE DMR maps, and much better calibration accuracy and sky coverage than ground-based and balloon-borne experiments. The angular power spectra from these ground-based and balloon-borne experiments are consistent within their systematic and statistical uncertainties with the WMAP results. WMAP detected the large angular-scale correlation between the temperature and polarization anisotropies of the CMB caused by electron scattering since the Universe became reionized after the "Dark Ages", giving a value for the electron scattering optical depth of 0.17 ± 0.04. The simplest ?CDM model with n=1 and ? tot=1 fixed provides an adequate fit to the WMAP data and gives parameters which are consistent with determinations of the Hubble constant and observations of the accelerating Universe using supernovae. The time-ordered data, maps, and power spectra from WMAP can be found at along with 13 papers by the WMAP science team describing the results in detail.

Wright, E. L.



Planck 2015 results. I. Overview of products and scientific results  

E-print Network

The European Space Agency's Planck satellite, dedicated to studying the early Universe and its subsequent evolution, was launched 14~May 2009 and scanned the microwave and submillimetre sky continuously between 12~August 2009 and 23~October 2013. In February~2015, ESA and the Planck Collaboration released the second set of cosmology products based on data from the entire Planck mission, including both temperature and polarization, along with a set of scientific and technical papers and a web-based explanatory supplement. This paper gives an overview of the main characteristics of the data and the data products in the release, as well as the associated cosmological and astrophysical science results and papers. The science products include maps of the cosmic microwave background (CMB), the thermal Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect, and diffuse foregrounds in temperature and polarization, catalogues of compact Galactic and extragalactic sources (including separate catalogues of Sunyaev-Zeldovich clusters and Galactic col...

Adam, R; Aghanim, N; Akrami, Y; Alves, M I R; Arnaud, M; Arroja, F; Aumont, J; Baccigalupi, C; Ballardini, M; Banday, A J; Barreiro, R B; Bartlett, J G; Bartolo, N; Basak, S; Battaglia, P; Battaner, E; Battye, R; Benabed, K; Benoît, A; Benoit-Lévy, A; Bernard, J -P; Bersanelli, M; Bertincourt, B; Bielewicz, P; Bonaldi, A; Bonavera, L; Bond, J R; Borrill, J; Bouchet, F R; Boulanger, F; Bucher, M; Burigana, C; Butler, R C; Calabrese, E; Cardoso, J -F; Carvalho, P; Casaponsa, B; Castex, G; Catalano, A; Challinor, A; Chamballu, A; Chary, R -R; Chiang, H C; Chluba, J; Christensen, P R; Church, S; Clemens, M; Clements, D L; Colombi, S; Colombo, L P L; Combet, C; Comis, B; Contreras, D; Couchot, F; Coulais, A; Crill, B P; Cruz, M; Curto, A; Cuttaia, F; Danese, L; Davies, R D; Davis, R J; de Bernardis, P; de Rosa, A; de Zotti, G; Delabrouille, J; Delouis, J -M; Désert, F -X; Di Valentino, E; Dickinson, C; Diego, J M; Dolag, K; Dole, H; Donzelli, S; Doré, O; Douspis, M; Ducout, A; Dunkley, J; Dupac, X; Efstathiou, G; Eisenhardt, P R M; Elsner, F; Enßlin, T A; Eriksen, H K; Falgarone, E; Fantaye, Y; Farhang, M; Feeney, S; Fergusson, J; Fernandez-Cobos, R; Feroz, F; Finelli, F; Florido, E; Forni, O; Frailis, M; Fraisse, A A; Franceschet, C; Franceschi, E; Frejsel, A; Frolov, A; Galeotta, S; Galli, S; Ganga, K; Gauthier, C; Génova-Santos, R T; Gerbino, M; Ghosh, T; Giard, M; Giraud-Héraud, Y; Giusarma, E; Gjerløw, E; González-Nuevo, J; Górski, K M; Grainge, K J B; Gratton, S; Gregorio, A; Gruppuso, A; Gudmundsson, J E; Hamann, J; Handley, W; Hansen, F K; Hanson, D; Harrison, D L; Heavens, A; Helou, G; Henrot-Versillé, S; Hernández-Monteagudo, C; Herranz, D; Hildebrandt, S R; Hivon, E; Hobson, M; Holmes, W A; Hornstrup, A; Hovest, W; Huang, Z; Huffenberger, K M; Hurier, G; Ili_, S; Jaffe, A H; Jaffe, T R; Jin, T; Jones, W C; Juvela, M; Karakci, A; Keihänen, E; Keskitalo, R; Kiiveri, K; Kim, J; Kisner, T S; Kneissl, R; Knoche, J; Krachmalnicoff, N; Kunz, M; Kurki-Suonio, H; Lacasa, F; Lagache, G; Lähteenmäki, A; Lamarre, J -M; Langer, M; Lasenby, A; Lattanzi, M; Lawrence, C R; Jeune, M Le; Leahy, J P; Lellouch, E; Leonardi, R; León-Tavares, J; Lesgourgues, J; Levrier, F; Lewis, A; Liguori, M; Lilje, P B; Linden-Vørnle, M; Lindholm, V; Liu, H; López-Caniego, M; Lubin, P M; Ma, Y -Z; Macías-Pérez, J F; Maggio, G; Mak, D S Y; Mandolesi, N; Mangilli, A; Marchini, A; Marcos-Caballero, A; Marinucci, D; Marshall, D J; Martin, P G; Martinelli, M; Martínez-González, E; Masi, S; Matarrese, S; Mazzotta, P; McEwen, J D; McGehee, P; Mei, S; Meinhold, P R; Melchiorri, A; Melin, J -B; Mendes, L; Mennella, A; Migliaccio, M; Mikkelsen, K; Mitra, S; Miville-Deschênes, M -A; Molinari, D; Moneti, A; Montier, L; Moreno, R; Morgante, G; Mortlock, D; Moss, A; Mottet, S; Müenchmeyer, M; Munshi, D; Murphy, J A; Narimani, A; Naselsky, P; Nastasi, A; Nati, F; Natoli, P; Negrello, M; Netterfield, C B; Nørgaard-Nielsen, H U; Noviello, F; Novikov, D; Novikov, I; Olamaie, M; Oppermann, N; Orlando, E; Oxborrow, C A; Paci, F; Pagano, L; Pajot, F; Paladini, R; Pandolfi, S; Paoletti, D; Partridge, B; Pasian, F; Patanchon, G; Pearson, T J; Peel, M; Peiris, H V; Pelkonen, V -M; Perdereau, O; Perotto, L; Perrott, Y C; Perrotta, F; Pettorino, V; Piacentini, F; Piat, M; Pierpaoli, E; Pietrobon, D; Plaszczynski, S; Pogosyan, D; Pointecouteau, E; Polenta, G; Popa, L; Pratt, G W; Prézeau, G; Prunet, S; Puget, J -L; Rachen, J P; Racine, B; Reach, W T; Rebolo, R; Reinecke, M; Remazeilles, M; Renault, C; Renzi, A; Ristorcelli, I; Rocha, G; Roman, M; Romelli, E; Rosset, C; Rossetti, M; Rotti, A; Roudier, G; d'Orfeuil, B Rouillé; Rowan-Robinson, M; Rubiño-Martín, J A; Ruiz-Granados, B; Rumsey, C; Rusholme, B; Said, N; Salvatelli, V; Salvati, L; Sandri, M; Sanghera, H S; Santos, D; Saunders, R D E; Sauvé, A; Savelainen, M; Savini, G; Schaefer, B M; Schammel, M P; Scott, D; Seiffert, M D; Serra, P; Shellard, E P S; Shimwell, T W; Shiraishi, M; Smith, K; Souradeep, T; Spencer, L D; Spinelli, M; Stanford, S A; Stern, D; Stolyarov, V; Stompor, R; Strong, A W; Sudiwala, R; Sunyaev, R; Sutter, P; Sutton, D; Suur-Uski, A -S; Sygnet, J -F; Tauber, J A; Tavagnacco, D; Terenzi, L; Texier, D; Toffolatti, L; Tomasi, M; Tornikoski, M; Tristram, M; Troja, A; Trombetti, T; Tucci, M; Tuovinen, J; Türler, M; Umana, G; Valenziano, L; Valiviita, J; Van Tent, B; Vassallo, T; Vidal, M; Viel, M; Vielva, P; Villa, F; Wade, L A; Walter, B; Wandelt, B D; Watson, R; Wehus, I K; Welikala, N; Weller, J; White, M; White, S D M; Wilkinson, A; Yvon, D; Zacchei, A; Zibin, J P; Zonca, A



Results from ARGO-YBJ  

SciTech Connect

The ARGO-YBJ experiment has been put in stable data taking at the YangBaJing Cosmic Ray Laboratory (Tibet, P.R. China, 4300 m a.s.l.). In this paper we report a few selected results in Gamma-Ray Astronomy (Crab Nebula and Mrk421 observations, search for high energy tails of Gamma Ray Bursts) and Cosmic Ray Physics (Moon and Sun shadow observations, proton-air cross section measurement, preliminary measurement of the antiproton/proton ratio at TeV energies)

Iacovacci, M. [INFN and University of Napoli, Complesso Universitario MSA, Via Cintia, 80126 Napoli (Italy)



Data bases for LDEF results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) carried 57 experiments and 10,000 specimens for some 200 LDEF experiment investigators. The external surface of LDEF had a large variety of materials exposed to the space environment which were tested preflight, during flight, and post flight. Thermal blankets, optical materials, thermal control paints, aluminum, and composites are among the materials flown. The investigations have produced an abundance of analysis results. One of the responsibilities of the Boeing Support Contract, Materials and Systems Special Investigation Group, is to collate and compile that information into an organized fashion. The databases developed at Boeing to accomplish this task is described.

Bohnhoff-Hlavacek, Gail



RSG Deployment Case Testing Results  

SciTech Connect

The RSG deployment case design is centered on taking the RSG system and producing a transport case that houses the RSG in a safe and controlled manner for transport. The transport case was driven by two conflicting constraints, first that the case be as light as possible, and second that it meet a stringent list of Military Specified requirements. The design team worked to extract every bit of weight from the design while striving to meet the rigorous Mil-Spec constraints. In the end compromises were made primarily on the specification side to control the overall weight of the transport case. This report outlines the case testing results.

Owsley, Stanley L.; Dodson, Michael G.; Hatchell, Brian K.; Seim, Thomas A.; Alexander, David L.; Hawthorne, Woodrow T.



Structure Function Results from ZEUS  

E-print Network

This contribution presents recent ZEUS results on proton structure functions at HERA. The inclusive phi(1020)-meson cross section was measured, and it was used to determine the s-quark content of the proton. The structure function F_2 was extracted using initial-state radiative events. Neutral and charged current cross sections were used to extract the structure function xF_3 and measure the mass of the W boson, respectively. A NLO QCD fit to ZEUS data and fixed target cross sections was employed to determine the parton density functions of the quarks and of the gluon inside the proton.

A. Kappes



Recent QCD Results from ATLAS  

E-print Network

Recent QCD results from ATLAS taken at 7 TeV center-of-mass energy using the LHC are presented, including: dijet production, isolated photon production, isolated photon production associated with jets, jet shapes in top-quark pair events, the production cross-section of the phi(1020) meson, and underlying event in jet events. Good agreement with theory predictions is seen, in particular with those made by next-to-leading-order generators. These measurements highlight the importance of precision QCD measurements for improving state-of-the-art theoretical tools and searching for new physics.

Chris Meyer; for the ATLAS Collaboration



Lightcurve Results for Eleven Asteroids  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Differential photometry techniques were used to develop lightcurves, rotation periods and amplitudes for eleven main-belt asteroids: 833 Monica, 962 Aslog, 1020 Arcadia, 1082 Pirola, 1097 Vicia, 1122 Lugduna, 1145 Robelmonte, 1253 Frisia, 1256 Normannia, 1525 Savolinna, and 2324 Janice. Ground-based observations from Badlands Observatory (BLO) in Quinn, SD, as well as the University of North Dakota Observatory (UND) in Grand Forks, ND, provided the data for the project. A search of the asteroid lightcurve database (LCDB) did not reveal any previously reported results for seven of the eleven targets in this study.

Gartrelle, Gordon M.



Recent results in mathematical relativity  

E-print Network

We review selected recent results concerning the global structure of solutions of the vacuum Einstein equations. The topics covered include quasi-local mass, strong cosmic censorship, non-linear stability, new constructions of solutions of the constraint equations, improved understanding of asymptotic properties of the solutions, existence of solutions with low regularity, and construction of initial data with trapped surfaces or apparent horizons. This is an expanded version of a plenary lecture, sponsored by Classical and Quantum Gravity, held at the GR17 conference in Dublin in July 2004.

Piotr T. Chrusciel



Some Recent Results with CLAS  

SciTech Connect

The CLAS is a multipurpose, large acceptance magnetic spectrometer, instrumented with detector systems sensitive to charged and neutral particles. The experimental program at CLAS is aimed at furthering our understanding of hadronic and nuclear physics, through electron and photon scattering experiments, which cover a large range of topics, including meson and baryon spectroscopy, nucleon structure through elastic and deep inelastic scattering, nuclear transparency, nuclear correlations and nuclear structure. This talk will briefly describe the detector and the collaboration that uses it and will highlight some recent results.

Maurik Holtrop



Latest results from KLOE-2  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The KLOE experiment at the Frascati ?-factory recently obtained results on i) CPT and Lorentz invariance tests from the study of quantum interference of the neutral kaon pairs; ii) precision measurement of the branching fraction, BR(K+ ? ?+?-?+(?) ) = 0.05565 ± 0.00031stat ± 0.00025syst, and iii) on dark photon searches with the analysis of the e+e- ? µµ? final state. We have also studied the transition form factors of the ? meson to the pseudoscalars, ?0 and ?, that is presented in a separate contribution to this volume.

Bloise, Caterina



TMX-U experimental results  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes results from the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U). Mirror-confined electrons with 30 to 70 keV mean energy densities of 0.5 to 2.0 x 10/sup 12/ cm/sup -3/ and average betas of 3 to 5% are produced using electron-cyclotron resonant heating (ECRH). These results are consistent with an electron Fokker-Planck code. Improved ion-cyclotron microstability is observed using neutral beam injection at 47/sup 0/ to the magnetic axis, rather than at 90/sup 0/ as in the previous experiment, TMX. Strong end plugging has been produced using a combination of ECRH gyrotrons with sloshing-ion beam injection. In these low-density central cell experiments (3 x 10/sup 11/ cm/sup -3/) the axial losses (tau/sub parallel/ = 20 to 80 ms) are smaller than the nonambipolar radial losses (tau/sub perpendicular/ = 4 to 8 ms). Plugging has been achieved with a central cell density double that of the end plugs. Although no direct measurements are yet available to determine if a thermal barrier potential dip is generated, these experiments support many theoretical features of the thermal barrier concept.

Simonen, T.C.; Allen, S.L.; Casper, T.A.; Clauser, J.F.; Clower, C.A.; Coensgen, F.H.; Correll, D.L.; Cummins, W.F.; Damm, C.C.; Failor, B.H.



[Results of endoscopically controlled dacryocystorhinostomies].  


The results of 104 endoscopically controlled dacryocystorhinostomies performed in 93 patients from June 1989 to June 1993 are presented. Postoperatively, 38 patients had a hematoma, 12 a subcutaneous emphysema and three patients an intraorbital emphysema. All complications were transitory. On 89 sides (85.57%) dacryorrhea was completely cured, on ten sides (9.61%) it was eased considerably, and it was not resolved in five cases, of whom, two had been operated through an external approach previously. A closed postoperative care is important in order to achieve good results. In 25.6% of the cases, the anterior ethmoid displayed patterns of a chronic inflammation. Its involvement in the pathogenesis of chronic dacrocystitis has to be discussed. In many cases, the localisation of the lacrimal gland is more posteriorly than described in anatomy leading to an impeded drainage and subsequently to dacryoadenitis. In our hands, the endoscopically controlled dacryocystorhinostomy presents as a save approach and a good alternative to the procedure described by Toti. PMID:8166383

Bernal Sprekelsen, M



Results from the FDIRC prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present results from a novel Cherenkov imaging detector called the Focusing DIRC (FDIRC). This detector was designed as a prototype of the particle identification system for the SuperB experiment, and comprises 1/12 of the SuperB barrel azimuthal coverage with partial electronics implementation. The prototype was tested in the SLAC Cosmic Ray Telescope (CRT) which provides 3-D muon tracking with an angular resolution of ~1.5 mrad, track position resolution of 5-6 mm, start time resolution of 70 ps, and a muon low-energy cutoff of ~2 GeV provided by an iron range stack. The quartz focusing photon camera couples to a full-size BaBar DIRC bar box and is read out by 12 Hamamatsu H8500 MaPMTs providing 768 pixels. We used IRS2 waveform digitizing electronics to read out the MaPMTs. We present several results from our on-going development activities that demonstrate that the new optics design works very well, including: (a) single photon Cherenkov angle resolutions with and without chromatic corrections, (b) S/N ratio between the Cherenkov peak and background, which consists primarily of ambiguities in possible photon paths to a given pixel, (c) dTOP=TOPmeasured-TOPexpected resolutions, and (d) performance of the detector in the presence of high-rate backgrounds. We also describe data analysis methods and point out limits of the present performance.

Roberts, D. A.; Arnaud, N.; Dey, B.; Borsato, M.; Leith, D. W. G. S.; Nishimura, K.; Ratcliff, B. N.; Varner, G.; Va'vra, J.



Results of the ACCESS experiment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

All basic EVA space construction tasks included in the experiment were accomplished on-orbit successfully, and the construction task time shows good correlation with neutral buoyancy data. However, the flight assembly times were slightly longer than the best times obtained in the water tank. This result was attributed by the EVA astronauts to the new, tighter tolerance truss hardware used on-orbit as opposed to the well-worn training hardware used in the neutral buoyancy and was, thus, not a space related phenomenon. The baseline experiment demonstrated that erectable structure can be assembled effectively by astronauts in EVA. The success of ACCESS confirmed the feasibility of EVA space assembly of erectable trusses and played a role in the decision to baseline the Space Station as a 5 meter erectable structure.

Heard, Walter L., Jr.; Watson, Judith J.



Recent Results from Telescope Array  

E-print Network

The Telescope Array (TA) is an experiment to observe Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECRs). TA's recent results, the energy spectrum and anisotropy based on the 6-year surface array data, and the primary composition obtained from the shower maximum Xmax are reported. The spectrum demonstrates a clear dip and cutoff. The shape of the spectrum is well described by the energy loss of extra-galactic protons interacting with the cosmic microwave background (CMB). Above the cutoff, a medium-scale (20 degrees radius) flux enhancement was observed near the Ursa-Major. A chance probability of creating this hotspot from the isotropic flux is 4.0 sigma. The measured Xmax is consistent with the primary being proton or light nuclei for energies 10^18.2 eV - 10^19.2 eV.

Fukushima, M



ISO Results for Protoplanetary Nebulae  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We discuss the results of analysis of Infrared Space Observatory spectra of PPN candidates. In particular for the carbon-rich PPNs in our sample we have analysis of the 21 and 30 microns features as well as the UIR features and plateaus. The 30 micron feature appears to have two sub-components, at about 27 and about 34 microns, which vary from source to source (Hrivnak, Volk, & Kwok, 2000). Based upon dust radiative transfer models we are able to fit the underlying continuum and so compare feature strengths and shapes for different objects The UIR features appear to vary somewhat from source to source, whereas the broad features seem to be the same in all sources. We also briefly discuss the galactic distribution of the PPNs

Volk, Kevin; Kwok, Sun; Hrivnak, Bruce; Szczerba, Ryszard



STAR heavy-flavor results  

E-print Network

A summary of the heavy flavor results from the STAR experiment is presented. Both open heavy flavor as well as quarkonia measurements are presented. A strong suppression of heavy flavor non-photonic electrons is observed in central Au+Au collisions at 200GeV. Relative contribution of bottom contribution to non-photonic electron spectra in p+p collisions is extracted from data. Nuclear modification factor of J/Psi mesons at high-pT is found to be consistent with one in central Cu+Cu collisions at 200GeV. Strong signal of Upsilon(1S+2S+3S) state is observed in d+Au collisions at 200GeV.

Jaroslav Bielcik; for the STAR Collaboration



Wake Vortex Algorithm Scoring Results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report compares the performance of two models of trailing vortex evolution for which interaction with the ground is not a significant factor. One model uses eddy dissipation rate (EDR) and the other uses the kinetic energy of turbulence fluctuations (TKE) to represent the effect of turbulence. In other respects, the models are nearly identical. The models are evaluated by comparing their predictions of circulation decay, vertical descent, and lateral transport to observations for over four hundred cases from Memphis and Dallas/Fort Worth International Airports. These observations were obtained during deployments in support of NASA's Aircraft Vortex Spacing System (AVOSS). The results of the comparisons show that the EDR model usually performs slightly better than the TKE model.

Robins, R. E.; Delisi, D. P.; Hinton, David (Technical Monitor)



Research Results and Information Update  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research Results Monsoon behavior balanced by glaciers Research Discovers Frequent Mutations of Chromatin Significant Progress in Water Photochemistry Research Structural signature in amorphous alloy formation and plastic deformation The neural basis of Drosophila larval light/darkness preference Important roles of brain-specific carnitine palmitoyltransferase and ceramide metabolism in leptin hypothalamic control of feeding Integrin activation and internalization on soft ECM as a mechanism of induction of stem cell differentiation by ECM elasticity Determination of electron pairing symmetry of iron-based superconductor FeSe Long-Range Topological Order in Metallic Glass Information Update List of Projects Jointly Funded by NSFC and CNRS in 2011 List of Projects Jointly Funded by NSFC and ESRC in 2011 List of Projects Jointly Funded by NSFC and RS in 2011 List of Projects Jointly Funded by NSFC and RSE in 2011 Funding of Major Program Projects in 2010 Funding of Key Program Projects in 2010



Airfreight forecasting methodology and results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A series of econometric behavioral equations was developed to explain and forecast the evolution of airfreight traffic demand for the total U.S. domestic airfreight system, the total U.S. international airfreight system, and the total scheduled international cargo traffic carried by the top 44 foreign airlines. The basic explanatory variables used in these macromodels were the real gross national products of the countries involved and a measure of relative transportation costs. The results of the econometric analysis reveal that the models explain more than 99 percent of the historical evolution of freight traffic. The long term traffic forecasts generated with these models are based on scenarios of the likely economic outlook in the United States and 31 major foreign countries.



MITG test procedure and results  

SciTech Connect

Elements and modules for Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator have been performance tested since the inception of the RTG program. These test articles seldom resembled flight hardware and often lacked adequate diagnostic instrumentation. Because of this, performance problems were not identified in the early stage of program development. The lack of test data in an unexpected area often hampered the development of a problem solution. A procedure for conducting the MITG Test was developed in an effort to obtain data in a systematic, unambiguous manner. This procedure required the development of extensive data acquisition software and test automation. The development of a facility to implement the test procedure, the facility hardware and software requirements, and the results of the MITG testing are the subject of this paper.

Eck, M.B.; Mukunda, M.



Local helioseismology techniques and results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Local helioseismology techniques (time-distance helioseismology, acoustic imaging and holography, and ring-diagram analysis) use measurements of variations of acoustic travel times, phase shifts and local oscillation frequencies to infer the internal properties of the Sun. These techniques provide 3D maps of subsurface wave speed variations and flow velocities. The anisotropy of wave propagation in magnetic field is used to estimate properties of subsurface magnetic fields. The techniques are verified by using realistic numerical simulations of solar dynamics and wave propagation. The results reveal complicated dynamical structure of the solar interior. They provide new insight into large-scale convection and global circulation of the Sun, emergence and evolution of active regions, structure and dynamics sunspots and twisting and sheering flows in flaring regions.

Kosovichev, A. G.



Results from KASCADE-Grande  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The KASCADE-Grande experiment, located at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Germany) is a multi-component extensive air-shower experiment devoted to the study of cosmic rays and their interactions at primary energies 1014-1018 eV. Main goals of the experiment are the measurement of the all-particle energy spectrum and mass composition in the 1016-1018 eV range by sampling charged (Nch) and muon (N?) components of the air shower. The method to derive the energy spectrum and its uncertainties, as well as the implications of the obtained result, is discussed. An overview of the analyses performed by KASCADE-Grande to derive the mass composition of the measured high-energy comic rays is presented as well.

Bertaina, M.; Apel, W. D.; Arteaga-Velázquez, J. C.; Bekk, K.; Blümer, J.; Bozdog, H.; Brancus, I. M.; Buchholz, P.; Cantoni, E.; Chiavassa, A.; Cossavella, F.; Daumiller, K.; de Souza, V.; Di Pierro, F.; Doll, P.; Engel, R.; Engler, J.; Finger, M.; Fuhrmann, D.; Ghia, P. L.; Gils, H. J.; Glasstetter, R.; Grupen, C.; Haungs, A.; Heck, D.; Hörandel, J. R.; Huber, D.; Huege, T.; Isar, P. G.; Kampert, K.-H.; Kang, D.; Klages, H. O.; Link, K.; ?uczak, P.; Ludwig, M.; Mathes, H. J.; Mayer, H. J.; Melissas, M.; Milke, J.; Mitrica, B.; Morello, C.; Navarra, G.; Oehlschläger, J.; Ostapchenko, S.; Over, S.; Palmieri, N.; Petcu, M.; Pierog, T.; Rebel, H.; Roth, M.; Schieler, H.; Schröder, F. G.; Sima, O.; Toma, G.; Trinchero, G. C.; Ulrich, H.; Weindl, A.; Wochele, J.; Wommer, M.; Zabierowski, J.



Latest jet results from Tevatron  

SciTech Connect

This contribution reports preliminary jet results in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV from the CDF and D0 experiments. The jet inclusive cross section, measured using both the Midpoint and the K{sub T} jet clustering algorithm, is compared to next-to-leading order QCD prediction in different rapidity regions. The b-jet inclusive cross section measured exploiting the long lifetime and large mass of B hadrons is presented and compared to QCD prediction. A complementary measurement, using the large branching fraction of B hadrons into muons, is also described. The measurement of two-particle momentum correlation in jets is presented and compared to predictions.

Messina, Andrea



CAST results and Axion review  

E-print Network

We present results from the CERN Axion Solar Telescope (CAST) and the Axion Dark Matter eXperiment (ADMX), together with a brief review on prospects on Axion searches with a variety of experimental techniques. CAST has explored masses up to 0.64 eV setting the most stringent limit on the axion-photon coupling, apart for the micro-eV region where ADMX is the most competitive experiment. CAST is aiming at surpassing the 1eV WMAP upper limit and possibly revisiting the operation in vacuum with extra sensitive X-ray detectors, while ADMX, using improved extra sensitive SQUID amplifiers will explore the micro-eV mass range.

T. Geralis; for the CAST collaboration



Results from HRS at PEP  

SciTech Connect

The High Resolution Spectrometer (HRS) has been collecting data at PEP since the end of 1981 and has now accumulated 120 pb/sup -1/ of integrated luminosity. The results of analyses are presented in the following areas: (1) QED and electroweak tests, (2) scalar electron search, (3) inclusive hadron production, (4) D/sup 0/, D/sup +/ and D* production, and studies of quark fragmentation. Only the 20 pb/sup -1/ of integrated luminosity obtained during our first year of running has been completely analyzed and this provides the data sample for most of the above topics. For others a preliminary analysis of a total sample of 80 pb/sup -1/ is reported. 20 references.

Weiss, J.M.



ISO observations: results on asteroids  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We carried out observations of 16 asteroids with different ISO instruments (PHT-P PHT-S and SWS) obtaining low resolution spectra up to 12 micron high resolution spectra up to 45 micron and spectrophotometric data up to 60 micron. The aim of these observations was to investigate the physical properties of the surface of these bodies and to improve our understanding on the processes which governed their formation and evolution. We interpreted the obtained data in terms of asteroid surface composition comparing the observed spectra with laboratory reflectance spectra of selected mineral mineral mixture and meteorite particulates of different grain sizes. The characterization of the material on the asteroid surfaces (presence abundance and/or composition of minerals or chemical species) was based on the interpretation of observable diagnostic spectroscopic properties. The obtained results will be presented and discussed.

Dotto, Elisabetta; Barucci, Maria A.; Brucato, John R.; Mueller, Thomas G.; Fulchignoni, Marcello



Huygens GCMS Results from Titan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Huygens Probe executed a successful entry, descent and impact on the Saturnian moon of Titan on January 14, 2005. The Gas Chromatograph Mass Spectrometer (GCMS) instrument conducted isotopic and compositional measurements throughout the two and one half hour descent from 146 km altitude, and on the surface for 69 minutes until loss of signal from the orbiting Cassini spacecraft. The GCMS incorporated a quadrupole mass filter with a secondary electron multiplier detection system. The gas sampling system provided continuous direct atmospheric composition measurements and batch sampling through three gas chromatographic (GC) columns, a chemical scrubber and a hydrocarbon enrichment cell. The GCMS gas inlet was heated to prevent condensation, and to evaporate volatiles from the surface after impact. Data products from the GCMS included altitude profiles of the major atmospheric constituents dinitrogen (N2) and methane (CH4), isotope ratios of 14N/15N, 12C/13C, and D/H, mole fractions of radiogenic argon (40Ar) and primordial argon (36Ar), and upper limits on the mole fractions of neon, krypton and xenon, which were found to be absent. Surface measurements confirmed the presence of ethane (C2H6) and cyanogen (C2N2). Later data products expanded atmospheric profiles to include the surface response of C2N2. C2H6, acetylene (C2H2), and carbon dioxide (CO2). More recent results include the profiles of benzene (C6H6) and molecular hydrogen (H2). The GCMS data are being further analyzed to obtain higher precision results and to identify other trace species ion the atmosphere and evaporating from the surface.

Niemann, Hasso B.; Demick, Jaime; Kasprzak, Wayne; Atreya, Sushil; Owen, Tobias



Comparative Soot Diagnostics: Preliminary Results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The motivation for the Comparative Soot Diagnostics (CSD) experiment lies in the broad practical importance of understanding combustion generated particulate. Depending upon the circumstances, particulate matter can affect the durability and performance of combustion equipment, can be a pollutant, can be used to detect fires and, in the form of soot, can be the dominant source of radiant energy from flames. The nonbuoyant structure of most flames of practical interest makes understanding of soot processes in low gravity flames important to our ability to predict fire behavior on earth. These studies also have direct applications to fire safety in human-crew spacecraft, since smoke is the indicator used for automated detection in current spacecraft. In the earliest missions (Mercury, Gemini and Apollo), the crew quarters were so cramped that it was considered reasonable that the astronauts would rapidly detect any fire. The Skylab module, however, included approximately 20 UV-sensing fire detectors. The Space Shuttle has 9 particle-ionization smoke detectors in the mid-deck and flight deck and Spacelab has six additional particle-ionization smoke detectors. The designated detectors for the ISS are laser-diode, forward-scattering, smoke or particulate detectors. Current plans for the ISS call for two detectors in the open area of the module, and detectors in racks that have both cooling air flow and electrical power. Due to the complete absence of data concerning the nature of particulate and radiant emission from incipient and fully developed low-g fires, all three of these detector systems were designed based upon l-g test data and experience. As planned mission durations and complexity increase and the volume of spacecraft increases, the need for and importance of effective, crew-independent, fire detection grows significantly. To provide this level of protection, more knowledge is needed concerning low-gravity fire phenomena and, in particular, how they might be detected and suppressed. Prior to CSD, no combustion-generated particulate samples had been collected near the flame zone for well-developed microgravity flames. All of the extant data either came from drop tower tests and therefore only corresponded to the early stages of a fire or were collected far from the flame zone. The fuel sources in the drop tower tests were restricted to laminar gas-jet diffusion flames and very rapidly overheated wire insulation. The gas-jet tests indicated, through thermophoretic sampling, (2) that soot primaries and aggregates (groups of primary particles) in low-gravity may be significantly larger than those in normal gravity (1-g). This raises new scientific questions about soot processes as well as practical issues for particulate size sensitivity and detection alarm threshold levels used in on-orbit smoke detectors. Preliminary tests in the 2.2 second drop tower suggest that particulate generated by overheated wire insulation may be larger in low-g than in 1-g. Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) grids downstream of the fire region in the Wire Insulation Flammability experiment as well as visual observation of long string-like aggregates, further confirm this suggestion. The combined impact of these limited results and theoretical predictions is that, as opposed to extrapolation from l-g data, direct knowledge of low-g combustion particulate is needed for more confident design of smoke detectors for spacecraft. This paper describes the operation and preliminary results of the CSD, a project conceived and developed at NASA Lewis Research Center. The CSD flight experiment was conducted in the Middeck Glovebox Facility (MGBX) on USMP-3. The project is support by NASA Headquarters Microgravity Science and Applications Division and Code Q. The results presented here are from the microgravity portion of the experiment, including the temporal response of the detectors and average sizes of the primary and aggregate particles captured on the thermophoretic probes.

Urban, David L.; Griffin, DeVon W.; Gard, Melissa Y.



Geophysical Model Research and Results  

SciTech Connect

Geophysical models constitute an important component of calibration for nuclear explosion monitoring. We will focus on four major topics: (1) a priori geophysical models, (2) surface wave models, (3) receiver function derived profiles, and (4) stochastic geophysical models. The first, a priori models, can be used to predict a host of geophysical measurements, such as body wave travel times, and can be derived from direct regional studies or even by geophysical analogy. Use of these models is particularly important in aseismic regions or regions without seismic stations, where data of direct measurements might not exist. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has developed the Western Eurasia and North Africa (WENA) model which has been evaluated using a number of data sets, including travel times, surface waves, receiver functions, and waveform analysis (Pasyanos et al., 2004). We have joined this model with our Yellow Sea - Korean Peninsula (YSKP) model and the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) East Asia model to construct a model for all of Eurasia and North Africa. Secondly, we continue to improve upon our surface wave model by adding more paths. This has allowed us to expand the region to all of Eurasia and into Africa, increase the resolution of our model, and extend results to even shorter periods (7 sec). High-resolution models exist for the Middle East and the YSKP region. The surface wave results can be inverted either alone, or in conjunction with other data, to derive models of the crust and upper mantle structure. We are also using receiver functions, in joint inversions with the surface waves, to produce profiles directly under seismic stations throughout the region. In a collaborative project with Ammon, et al., they have been focusing on stations throughout western Eurasia and North Africa, while we have been focusing on LLNL deployments in the Middle East, including Kuwait, Jordan, and the United Arab Emirates. Finally, we have been exploring methodologies such as Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) to generate data-driven stochastic models. We have applied this technique to the YSKP region using surface wave dispersion data, body wave travel time data, and receiver functions.

Pasyanos, M; Walter, W; Tkalcic, H; Franz, G; Flanagan, M



Results of Deposition Scoping Tests  

SciTech Connect

The processes of crystallization and solid deposit formation that led to the shutdown of the 2H evaporator operation at the Savannah River Site (SRS) and that could possibly cause similar problems in the future or in other evaporators need to be better understood. Through experimentation, thermodynamic modeling, and correlation of scaling to historical tank farm operations, progress has been made in developing guidelines as to the concentrations of silicon and aluminum that can be processed by evaporators while avoiding unacceptable levels of scale formation. However, because of limitations of the thermodynamic model and an insufficient amount of operational data at slightly supersaturated concentration levels, uncertainty still exists regarding acceptable feed concentrations. The objective of this effort is to provide information that can be used in defining acceptable levels of silicon and aluminum in evaporator feed solutions. Data collected previously showed that particle formation reactions can be rapid at evaporator temperatures for elevated silicon and aluminum concentrations. However, insufficient data exists to estimate the silicon and aluminum concentrations above which solids will form in the time frame of evaporator processing. The work described in this report was designed to determine the induction period for solutions of decreasing aluminum and silicon concentration such that the supersaturation level corresponding to a 4-h induction time for particle nucleation/growth in bulk solution can be estimated. In addition, experiments were conducted to explore the supersaturation levels that can result in deposition of solids on metal surfaces at varying aluminum-to-silicon concentration ratios. Laboratory studies of particle growth in solution were conducted at relatively low supersaturation levels. Dynamic-light-scattering (DLS) studies and deposition tests, similar to those performed in FY 2001, were conducted with solutions at relatively low supersaturation levels and at elevated temperatures to explore the formation of solids under conditions similar to those encountered in evaporator processing. The deposition of solids on stainless steel samples placed in the solutions during the experiments was simultaneously investigated. In addition, the deposition of solids on stainless steel surfaces was investigated in laboratory-scale batch evaporation experiments. Completion of this effort will aid the development of operating strategies to mitigate or avoid solid scale formation on surfaces in evaporator systems. The results are expected to benefit plant operations by helping to determine acceptable silicon and aluminum feed concentrations.

Hu, M.Z.



SPA Meteor Section Results: 2006  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A summary of the main analyzed results and other information provided to the SPA Meteor Section from 2006 is presented and discussed. Events covered include: the radio Quadrantid maximum on January 3/4; an impressive fireball seen from parts of England, Belgium and the Netherlands at 22h53m51s UT on July 18, which was imaged from three EFN stations as well; the Southern delta-Aquarid and alpha-Capricornid activity from late July and early August; the radio Perseid maxima on August 12/13; confirmation that the October 5/6 video-meteor outburst was not observed by radio; visual and radio findings from the strong, bright-meteor, Orionid return in October; another impressive UK-observed fireball on November 1/2, with an oil painting of the event as seen from London; the Leonids, which produced a strong visual maximum around 04h-05h UT on November 18/19 that was recorded much less clearly by radio; radio and visual reports from the Geminids, with a note regarding NASA-observed Geminid lunar impact flashes; and the Ursid outburst recorded by various techniques on December 22.

McBeath, Alastair



ALOHA Cabled Observatory: Early Results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ALOHA Cabled Observatory (ACO) was installed 6 June 2011, extending power, network communications and timing to a seafloor node and instruments at 4726 m water depth 100 km north of Oahu. The system was installed using ROV Jason operated from the R/V Kilo Moana. Station ALOHA is the field site of the Hawaii Ocean Time-series (HOT) program that has investigated temporal dynamics in biology, physics, and chemistry since 1988. HOT conducts near monthly ship-based sampling and makes continuous observations from moored instruments to document and study climate and ecosystem variability over semi-diurnal to decadal time scales. The cabled observatory system will provide the infrastructure for continuous, interactive ocean sampling enabling new measurements as well as a new mode of ocean observing that integrates ship and cabled observations. The ACO is a prototypical example of a deep observatory system that uses a retired first-generation fiber-optic telecommunications cable. Sensors provide live video, sound from local and distant sources, and measure currents, pressure, temperature, and salinity. Preliminary results will be presented and discussed.

Howe, B. M.; Lukas, R.; Duennebier, F. K.



SuperORRUBA Test Results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Transfer reactions in inverse kinematics with radioactive ion beams are needed to provide nuclear structure information far from stability to aid in the development of nuclear models and in the understanding of astrophysical processes. Highly granular, low threshold detector arrays are needed to perform such experiments. The SuperORRUBA (Oak Ridge Rutgers University Barrel Array) was created to measure lower threshold reactions with better energy resolution than the original ORRUBA detectors. The new array consists of 18 silicon detectors, each with a 64 non-resistive strip front side and a 4 non-resistive strip back side. To collect the data from these 1224 channels, the ASICs (Application-Specific Integrated Circuits) are used for timing, triggering, shaping, and digitizing the signals, with each chip handling 32 channels. Utilizing the ASICs system and a triple-alpha source, SuperORRUBA detectors were tested to ensure proper function. In addition, all preamps and ASICs elements were tested. The depletion voltage of each detector was found, and the detectors were tested for any shift in gain over time. Finally, issues with crosstalk causing poor resolution on particular channels were investigated. A detailed description of the system and the test results will be presented.

Burkhart, A. J.; Ahn, S.; Bardayan, D. W.; Kozub, R. L.; Pain, S. D.



First Results from SHIP Experiment  

SciTech Connect

At present, the GDT facility is being upgraded. The first stage of the upgrade is the Synthesised Hot Ion Plasmoid (SHIP) experiment. It aims, on the one hand, at the investigation of plasmas which are expected to appear in the region of high neutron production in a GDT based fusion neutron source proposed by the Budker Institute and, on the other hand, at the investigation of plasmas the parameters of which have never been achieved before in axisymmetric magnetic mirrors.The experiment is performed in a small mirror section which is installed at the end of one side of GDT. The magnetic field on axis is in the range of 0.5-2.0 Tesla and the mirror ratio is 1.2-1.4. The mirror is filled with background plasma streaming in from the central cell. This plasma component is maxwellised and has an electron temperature of about 100 eV. Two neutral beam injectors perpendicularly inject a total current of about 50 Atom Amperes of deuterium neutrals with an energy of 20 keV as a pulse with a duration of about 1 ms. Ionisation of the beams generates the high-energy ion component. The device has been equipped with several diagnostic methods which are successfully used in GDT experiments.The paper presents first results of plasma parameter measurements in SHIP experiment.

Bagryansky, P.A. (and others)



Visible Nulling Coronagraph Testbed Results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Extrasolar Planetary Imaging Coronagraph (EPIC) is a NASA Astrophysics Strategic Mission Concept study and a proposed NASA Discovery mission to image and characterize extrasolar giant planets in orbits with semi-major axes between 2 and 10 AU. EPIC would provide insights into the physical nature of a variety of planets in other solar systems complimenting radial velocity (RV) and astrometric planet searches. It will detect and characterize the atmospheres of planets identified by radial velocity surveys, determine orbital inclinations and masses, characterize the atmospheres around A and F stars, observed the inner spatial structure and colors of inner Spitzer selected debris disks. EPIC would be launched to heliocentric Earth trailing drift-away orbit, with a 5-year mission lifetime. The starlight suppression approach consists of a visible nulling coronagraph (VNC) that enables starlight suppression in broadband light from 480-960 nm. To demonstrate the VNC approach and advance it's technology readiness we have developed a laboratory VNC and have demonstrated white light nulling. We will discuss our ongoing VNC work and show the latest results from the VNC testbed.

Lyon, Richard G.; Clampin, Mark; Melnick, Gary; Tolls, Volker; Woodruff, Robert; Vasudevan, Gopal; Rizzo, Maxime; Thompson, Patrick



Unfavourable results in craniofacial surgery  

PubMed Central

Craniofacial surgery is one of the newer subspecialties of plastic surgery and owes its birth to the pioneering work of Paul Tessier in the late sixties. Since then this challenging specialty work has been taken up by many centres around the word including India. Initial reports in late eighties and early nineties showed morbidity and mortality ranging from 1.6% to 4.3%. However over past few decades, with improved instrumentations, safer anaesthesia and cumulative experience of surgeons the morbidity and mortality has been brought down to as low as 0.1% in many centres in USA. In our centre at Post-graduate Institute, Chandigarh, the mortality rate is about 0.8% (4 out of 480 cases). The learning curve in this surgery is rather steep but with experience and a well-coordinated team work, results in this complex subspecialty can be improved. The infection is a major cause for worry but can be easily prevented by sound surgical principles and placing a vascularised tissue barrier between the extradural space and the nasopharynx/sinus mucosa. PMID:24501456

Sharma, Ramesh Kumar



Preliminary results of ANAIS-25  

E-print Network

The ANAIS (Annual Modulation with NaI(Tl) Scintillators) experiment aims at the confirmation of the DAMA/LIBRA signal using the same target and technique at the Canfranc Underground Laboratory. 250 kg of ultrapure NaI(Tl) crystals will be used as a target, divided into 20 modules, each coupled to two photomultipliers. Two NaI(Tl) crystals of 12.5 kg each, grown by Alpha Spectra from a powder having a potassium level under the limit of our analytical techniques, form the ANAIS-25 set-up. The background contributions are being carefully studied and preliminary results are presented: their natural potassium content in the bulk has been quantified, as well as the uranium and thorium radioactive chains presence in the bulk through the discrimination of the corresponding alpha events by PSA, and due to the fast commissioning, the contribution from cosmogenic activated isotopes is clearly identified and their decay observed along the first months of data taking. Following the procedures established with ANAIS-0 and ...

Amaré, J; Cuesta, C; García, E; Ginestra, C; Martínez, M; Oliván, M A; Ortigoza, Y; de Solórzano, A Ortiz; Pobes, C; Puimedón, J; Sarsa, M L; Villar, P; Villar, J A



Results from the NEXT prototypes  

E-print Network

NEXT-100 is an electroluminescent high pressure Time Projection Chamber currently under construction. It will search for the neutrino-less double beta decay in 136Xe at the Canfranc Underground Laboratory. NEXT-100 aims to achieve nearly intrinsic energy resolution and to highly suppress background events by taking advantage of the unique properties of xenon in the gaseous phase as the detection medium. In order to prove the principle of operation and to study which are the best operational conditions, two prototypes were constructed: NEXT-DEMO and NEXT-DBDM. In this paper we present the latest results from both prototypes. We report the improvement in terms of light collection (?~3x?) achieved by coating the walls of NEXT-DEMO with tetraphenyl butadiene (TPB), the outstanding energy resolution of 1 % (Full Width Half Maximum) from NEXT-DBDM as well as the tracking capabilities of this prototype (2.1 mm RMS error for point-like depositions) achieved by using a square array of 8x8 SiPMs.

C. A. B. Oliveira; on Behalf of the NEXT Collaboration



Preliminary results of ANAIS-25  

E-print Network

The ANAIS (Annual Modulation with NaI(Tl) Scintillators) experiment aims at the confirmation of the DAMA/LIBRA signal using the same target and technique at the Canfranc Underground Laboratory. 250 kg of ultrapure NaI(Tl) crystals will be used as a target, divided into 20 modules, each coupled to two photomultipliers. Two NaI(Tl) crystals of 12.5 kg each, grown by Alpha Spectra from a powder having a potassium level under the limit of our analytical techniques, form the ANAIS-25 set-up. The background contributions are being carefully studied and preliminary results are presented: their natural potassium content in the bulk has been quantified, as well as the uranium and thorium radioactive chains presence in the bulk through the discrimination of the corresponding alpha events by PSA, and due to the fast commissioning, the contribution from cosmogenic activated isotopes is clearly identified and their decay observed along the first months of data taking. Following the procedures established with ANAIS-0 and previous prototypes, bulk NaI(Tl) scintillation events selection and light collection efficiency have been also studied in ANAIS-25.

J. Amaré; S. Cebrián; C. Cuesta; E. García; C. Ginestra; M. Martínez; M. A. Oliván; Y. Ortigoza; A. Ortiz de Solórzano; C. Pobes; J. Puimedón; M. L. Sarsa; P. Villar; J. A. Villar



Preliminary results of ANAIS-25  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ANAIS (Annual Modulation with NaI(Tl) Scintillators) experiment aims at the confirmation of the DAMA/LIBRA signal using the same target and technique at the Canfranc Underground Laboratory. 250 kg of ultrapure NaI(Tl) crystals will be used as a target, divided into 20 modules, each coupled to two photomultipliers. Two NaI(Tl) crystals of 12.5 kg each, grown by Alpha Spectra from a powder having a potassium level under the limit of our analytical techniques, form the ANAIS-25 set-up. The background contributions are being carefully studied and preliminary results are presented: their natural potassium content in the bulk has been quantified, as well as the uranium and thorium radioactive chains presence in the bulk through the discrimination of the corresponding alpha events by PSA, and due to the fast commissioning, the contribution from cosmogenic activated isotopes is clearly identified and their decay observed along the first months of data taking. Following the procedures established with ANAIS-0 and previous prototypes, bulk NaI(Tl) scintillation events selection and light collection efficiency have been also studied in ANAIS-25.

Amaré, J.; Cebrián, S.; Cuesta, C.; García, E.; Ginestra, C.; Martínez, M.; Oliván, M. A.; Ortigoza, Y.; Ortiz de Solórzano, A.; Pobes, C.; Puimedón, J.; Sarsa, M. L.; Villar, J. A.; Villar, P.



Results from the NEXT prototypes  

E-print Network

NEXT-100 is an electroluminescent high pressure Time Projection Chamber currently under construction. It will search for the neutrino-less double beta decay in 136Xe at the Canfranc Underground Laboratory. NEXT-100 aims to achieve nearly intrinsic energy resolution and to highly suppress background events by taking advantage of the unique properties of xenon in the gaseous phase as the detection medium. In order to prove the principle of operation and to study which are the best operational conditions, two prototypes were constructed: NEXT-DEMO and NEXT-DBDM. In this paper we present the latest results from both prototypes. We report the improvement in terms of light collection (?~3x?) achieved by coating the walls of NEXT-DEMO with tetraphenyl butadiene (TPB), the outstanding energy resolution of 1 % (Full Width Half Maximum) from NEXT-DBDM as well as the tracking capabilities of this prototype (2.1 mm RMS error for point-like depositions) achieved by using a square array of 8x8 SiPMs.

Oliveira, C A B



Results from the NEXT prototypes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NEXT-100 is an electroluminescent high pressure Time Projection Chamber currently under construction. It will search for the neutrino-less double beta decay in 136Xe at the Canfranc Underground Laboratory. NEXT-100 aims to achieve nearly intrinsic energy resolution and to highly suppress background events by taking advantage of the unique properties of xenon in the gaseous phase as the detection medium. In order to prove the principle of operation and to study which are the best operational conditions, two prototypes were constructed: NEXT-DEMO and NEXT-DBDM. In this paper we present the latest results from both prototypes. We report the improvement in terms of light collection (~ 3×) achieved by coating the walls of NEXT-DEMO with tetraphenyl butadiene (TPB), the outstanding energy resolution of 1 % (Full Width Half Maximum) from NEXT-DBDM as well as the tracking capabilities of this prototype (2.1 mm RMS error for point-like depositions) achieved by using a square array of 8 × 8 SiPMs.

Oliveira, C. A. B.; NEXT Collaboration



Results of NSTX Heating Experiments  

SciTech Connect

The National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) at Princeton is designed to assess the potential of the low-aspect-ratio spherical torus concept for magnetic plasma confinement. The plasma has been heated by up to 5 MW of neutral beam injection, NBI, at an injection energy of 90 keV and up to 6 MW of high harmonic fast wave, HHFW, at 30 MHz. NSTX has achieved beta T of 32%. A variety of MHD phenomena have been observed to limit eta. NSTX has now begun addressing E scaling, eta limits and current drive issues. During the NBI heating experiments, a broad Ti profile with Ti up to 2 keV, Ti > Te and a large toroidal rotation. Transport analysis suggests that the impurity ions have diffusivities approaching neoclassical. For L-Mode plasmas, E is up to two times the ITER-89P L-Mode scaling and exceeds the ITER-98pby2 H-Mode scaling in some cases. Transitions to H-Mode have been observed which result in an approximate doubling of tE. after the transition in some conditions. During HH FW heating, Te > Ti and Te up to 3.5 keV were observed. Current drive has been studied using coaxial helicity injection (CHI), which has produced 390 kA of toroidal current and HHFW, which has produced H-modes with significant bootstrap current fraction at low Ip, high q and high{sub etap}.

D. Mueller; M. Ono; M.G. Bell; R.E. Bell; M. Bitter; C. Bourdelle; D.S. Darrow; P.C. Efthimion; E.D. Fredrickson; D.A Gates; R.J. Goldston; L.R. Grisham; R.J. Hawryluk; K.W. Hill; J.C. Hosea; S.C. Jardin; H. Ji; S.M. Kaye; R. Kaita; H.W. Kugel; D.W. Johnson; B.P. LeBlanc; R. Majeski; E. Mazzucato; S.S. Medley; J.E. Menard; H.K. Park; S.F. Paul; C.K. Phillips; M.H. Redi; A.L. Rosenberg; C.H. Skinner; V.A. Soukhanovskii; B. Stratton; E.J Synakowski; G. Taylor; J.R. Wilson; S.J. Zweben; Y-K.M. Peng; R. Barry; T. Bigelow; C.E. Bush; M. Carter; R. Maingi; M. Menon; P.M. Ryan; D.W. Swain; J. Wilgen; 37 additional authors



Results from p p colliders  

SciTech Connect

Recent results {bar p}p colliders are presented. From elastic scattering experiments at the Tevatron, an average value of {sigma}{sub tot} = 72.1{plus minus}2 mb is reported, along with a new measurement of {rho} = 0.13 {plus minus} 0.7. New measurements of jet direct photon and high p{sub t} W and Z production are compared to more precise, higher order predictions from perturbative QCD. Recently available data on the W mass and width give combined values for M{sub W} = 80.14{plus minus}0.27 GeV/c{sup 2}, and {Gamma}(W) =2. 14 {plus minus} 0.08 GeV. From electroweak radiative corrections and M{sub W}, one finds M{sub top} = 130{plus minus}40 GeV/c{sup 2}, with a 95% C.L. upper limit at 210 GeV/c{sup 2}. Current limits on M{sub top} are presented, along with a review of the prospects for top discovery. From jet data there is no evidence of quark substructure down to the distance scale of 1.4 {times} 10{sup {minus}17} cm, nor is there evidence for supersymmetry or heavy gauge bosons at {bar p}p colliders, allowing lower limits on M{sub W}, > 520 GeV/c{sup 2} and M{sub Z} 412 GeV/c{sup 2}. 66 refs., 26 figs.

Huth, J.



Majorana Thermosyphon Prototype Experimental Results  

SciTech Connect

Objective The Majorana demonstrator will operate at liquid Nitrogen temperatures to ensure optimal spectrometric performance of its High Purity Germanium (HPGe) detector modules. In order to transfer the heat load of the detector module, the Majorana demonstrator requires a cooling system that will maintain a stable liquid nitrogen temperature. This cooling system is required to transport the heat from the detector chamber outside the shield. One approach is to use the two phase liquid-gas equilibrium to ensure constant temperature. This cooling technique is used in a thermosyphon. The thermosyphon can be designed so the vaporization/condensing process transfers heat through the shield while maintaining a stable operating temperature. A prototype of such system has been built at PNNL. This document presents the experimental results of the prototype and evaluates the heat transfer performance of the system. The cool down time, temperature gradient in the thermosyphon, and heat transfer analysis are studied in this document with different heat load applied to the prototype.

Fast, James E.; Reid, Douglas J.; Aguayo Navarrete, Estanislao



Cosmic radioactivity and INTEGRAL results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gamma-ray lines from radioactive decay of unstable isotopes co-produced by nucleosynthesis in massive stars and supernova have been measured since more than thirty years. Over the past ten years, INTEGRAL complemented the first sky survey made by COMPTEL. The 26A1 isotope with 1 My decay time had been first direct proof of currently-ongoing nucleosynthesis in our Galaxy. This has now become a tool to study the ˜My history of specific source regions, such as massive-star groups and associations in nearby regions which can be discriminated from the galactic-plane background, and the inner Galaxy, where Doppler shifted lines add to the astronomical information about bar and spiral structure. Recent findings suggest that superbubbles show a remarkable asymmetry, on average, in the spiral arms of our galaxy. 60Fe is co-produced by the sources of 26A1, and the isotopic ratio from their nucleosynthesis encodes stellar-structure information. Annihilation gamma-rays from positrons in interstellar space show a puzzling bright and extended source region central to our Galaxy, but also may be partly related to nucleosynthesis. 56Ni and 44Ti isotope gamma-rays have been used to constrain supernova explosion mechanisms. Here we report latest results using the accumulated multi-year database of INTEGRAL observations, and discuss their astrophysical interpretations, connecting to other traces of cosmic radioactivity and to other cosmic messengers.

Diehl, Roland



Cosmic radioactivity and INTEGRAL results  

SciTech Connect

Gamma-ray lines from radioactive decay of unstable isotopes co-produced by nucleosynthesis in massive stars and supernova have been measured since more than thirty years. Over the past ten years, INTEGRAL complemented the first sky survey made by COMPTEL. The {sup 26}A1 isotope with 1 My decay time had been first direct proof of currently-ongoing nucleosynthesis in our Galaxy. This has now become a tool to study the ?My history of specific source regions, such as massive-star groups and associations in nearby regions which can be discriminated from the galactic-plane background, and the inner Galaxy, where Doppler shifted lines add to the astronomical information about bar and spiral structure. Recent findings suggest that superbubbles show a remarkable asymmetry, on average, in the spiral arms of our galaxy. {sup 60}Fe is co-produced by the sources of {sup 26}A1, and the isotopic ratio from their nucleosynthesis encodes stellar-structure information. Annihilation gamma-rays from positrons in interstellar space show a puzzling bright and extended source region central to our Galaxy, but also may be partly related to nucleosynthesis. {sup 56}Ni and {sup 44}Ti isotope gamma-rays have been used to constrain supernova explosion mechanisms. Here we report latest results using the accumulated multi-year database of INTEGRAL observations, and discuss their astrophysical interpretations, connecting to other traces of cosmic radioactivity and to other cosmic messengers.

Diehl, Roland [Max Planck Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, D-85748 Garching, Germany and Excellence Cluster Origin and Evolution of the Universe', D-85748 Garching (Germany)



An overview of FTU results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since the 2010 IAEA-FEC Conference, FTU has exploited improvements in cleaning procedures and in the density control system to complete a systematic exploration of access to high-density conditions in a wide range of plasma currents and magnetic fields. The line-averaged densities at the disruptive limit increased more than linearly with the toroidal field, while no dependence on plasma current was found; in fact, the maximum density of 4.3 × 1020 m-3 was reached at B = 8 T even at the minimum current of 0.5 MA, corresponding to twice the Greenwald limit. The lack of plasma current dependence was due to the increase in density peaking with the safety factor. Experiments with the 140 GHz electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH) system were focused on the sawtooth (ST) period control and on the commissioning of a new launcher with real-time steering capability that will act as the front-end actuator of a real-time system for ST period control and tearing mode stabilization. Various ECRH and electron cyclotron current-drive modulation schemes were used; with the fastest one, the ST period synchronized with an 8 ms modulation period. The observed period variations were simulated using the JETTO code with a critical shear model for the crash trigger. The new launcher was of the plug-in type, allowing quick insertion and connection to the transmission line. Both beam characteristics and steering speed were in line with design expectation. Experimental results on the connection between improved coupling of lower hybrid waves in high-density plasmas and reduced wave spectral broadening were interpreted by fully kinetic, non-linear model calculations. A dual-frequency, time-of-flight diagnostic for the measurement of density profiles was developed and successfully tested. Fishbone-like instabilities driven by energetic electrons were simulated by the hybrid MHD-gyrokinetic XHMGC code.

Buratti, P.; Alessi, E.; Amicucci, L.; Angelini, B.; Apicella, M. L.; Apruzzese, G.; Artaserse, G.; Barbato, E.; Belli, F.; Bertocchi, A.; Bin, W.; Boncagni, L.; Botrugno, A.; Briguglio, S.; Bruschi, A.; Calabrò, G.; Cardinali, A.; Castaldo, C.; Ceccuzzi, S.; Centioli, C.; Cesario, R.; Cianfarani, C.; Cirant, S.; Crisanti, F.; D'Arcangelo, O.; De Angeli, M.; De Angelis, R.; Di Matteo, L.; Di Troia, C.; Esposito, B.; Farina, D.; Figini, L.; Fogaccia, G.; Frigione, D.; Fusco, V.; Gabellieri, L.; Galperti, C.; Garavaglia, S.; Giovannozzi, E.; Granucci, G.; Grossetti, G.; Grosso, G.; Guimarães-Filho, Z. O.; Iannone, F.; Krivska, A.; Kroegler, H.; Lazzaro, E.; Lontano, M.; Maddaluno, G.; Marchetto, C.; Marinucci, M.; Marocco, D.; Mazzitelli, G.; Mazzotta, C.; Milovanov, A.; Minelli, D.; Mirizzi, F. C.; Moro, G. A.; Napoli, F.; Nowak, S.; Orsitto, F. P.; Pacella, D.; Panaccione, L.; Panella, M.; Pericoli-Ridolfini, V.; Podda, S.; Pizzuto, A.; Pucella, G.; Ramogida, G.; Ravera, G.; Romano, A.; Sozzi, C.; Tuccillo, A. A.; Tudisco, O.; Viola, B.; Vitale, V.; Vlad, G.; Zanza, V.; Zerbini, M.; Zonca, F.; Aquilini, M.; Cefali, P.; Di Ferdinando, E.; Di Giovenale, S.; Giacomi, G.; Gravanti, F.; Grosso, A.; Mellera, V.; Mezzacappa, M.; Pensa, A.; Petrolini, P.; Piergotti, V.; Raspante, B.; Rocchi, G.; Sibio, A.; Tilia, B.; Torelli, C.; Tulli, R.; Vellucci, M.; Zannetti, D.



Recent results in visual servoing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Visual servoing techniques consist in using the data provided by a vision sensor in order to control the motions of a dynamic system. Such systems are usually robot arms, mobile robots, aerial robots,… but can also be virtual robots for applications in computer animation, or even a virtual camera for applications in computer vision and augmented reality. A large variety of positioning tasks, or mobile target tracking, can be implemented by controlling from one to all the degrees of freedom of the system. Whatever the sensor configuration, which can vary from one on-board camera on the robot end-effector to several free-standing cameras, a set of visual features has to be selected at best from the image measurements available, allowing to control the degrees of freedom desired. A control law has also to be designed so that these visual features reach a desired value, defining a correct realization of the task. With a vision sensor providing 2D measurements, potential visual features are numerous, since as well 2D data (coordinates of feature points in the image, moments, …) as 3D data provided by a localization algorithm exploiting the extracted 2D measurements can be considered. It is also possible to combine 2D and 3D visual features to take the advantages of each approach while avoiding their respective drawbacks. From the selected visual features, the behavior of the system will have particular properties as for stability, robustness with respect to noise or to calibration errors, robot 3D trajectory, etc. The talk will present the main basic aspects of visual servoing, as well as technical advances obtained recently in the field inside the Lagadic group at INRIA/INRISA Rennes. Several application results will be also described.

Chaumette, François



Transconjunctival dacryocystorhinostomy: Long term results  

PubMed Central

Purpose To evaluate the outcomes of transconjunctival dacryocystorhinostomy (TRC-DCR) surgery in patients with epiphora due to primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction (PANDO) at second year follow-up. Methods In this retrospective, interventional study, 33 eyes of 29 patients, with epiphora due to PANDO, are included. Lower eyelid conjunctiva is incised at vestibulum inferomedially to access the lacrimal sac and nasal mucosa. Bone is perforated with burr and rongeurs and saccal and nasal flaps are anastomosed. Conjunctival wound edges are apposed and left unsutured. Intraoperative difficulties, surgical time and complications are noted. Average follow-up time was 2 years. Anatomical success was defined as patent lacrimal passages upon irrigation and functional success was defined as relief of epiphora. Results In nineteen (57.6%) eyes the surgeries were completed with the anterior and the posterior flaps sutured. In eight eyes (24.2%) only anterior flaps could be sutured. In 6 eyes (18.2%), the surgical procedure was converted to external dacryocystorhinostomy since the nasal mucosa could not be exposed adequately via transconjunctival route. The mean surgical time was 65.1 min. One patient had a millimeter long lower eyelid margin laceration in one eye (3.7%) intraoperatively due to traction for visualization of the operative site. Epiphora resolved in 25 of 27 eyes (92.5%) in whom TRC-DCR could be completed. Epiphora and failure to irrigation were noted in two eyes (7.4%) at the postoperative 4th and 8th months, respectively and required reoperation. No complications occurred, except granuloma formation at the conjunctival incision site in three eyes (11.1%). Epiphora resolved in all the six eyes of patients who underwent an external DCR (100%). Conclusion Transconjunctival dacryocystorhinostomy is a scarless dacryocystorhinostomy technique which is performed without endoscope and/or laser assistance, with 92.5% success rate comparable to external DCR at the second year follow-up without major complications. PMID:24526861

Kaynak, Pelin; Ozturker, Can; Karabulut, Gamze; Çelik, Burcu; Yilmaz, Omer Faruk; Demirok, Ahmet



Mobile evaporator corrosion test results  

SciTech Connect

Laboratory corrosion tests were conducted on eight candidates to select a durable and cost-effective alloy for use in mobile evaporators to process radioactive waste solutions. Based on an extensive literature survey of corrosion data, three stainless steel alloys (304L, 316L, AL-6XN), four nickel-based alloys (825, 625, 690, G-30), and titanium were selected for testing. The corrosion tests included vapor phase, liquid junction (interface), liquid immersion, and crevice corrosion tests on plain and welded samples of candidate materials. Tests were conducted at 80{degrees}C for 45 days in two different test solutions: a nitric acid solution. to simulate evaporator conditions during the processing of the cesium ion-exchange eluant and a highly alkaline sodium hydroxide solution to simulate the composition of Tank 241-AW-101 during evaporation. All of the alloys exhibited excellent corrosion resistance in the alkaline test solution. Corrosion rates were very low and localized corrosion was not observed. Results from the nitric acid tests showed that only 316L stainless steel did not meet our performance criteria. The 316L welded interface and crevice specimens had rates of 22.2 mpy and 21.8 mpy, respectively, which exceeds the maximum corrosion rate of 20 mpy. The other welded samples had about the same corrosion resistance as the plain samples. None of the welded samples showed preferential weld or heat-affected zone (HAZ) attack. Vapor corrosion was negligible for all alloys. All of the alloys except 316L exhibited either {open_quotes}satisfactory{close_quotes} (2-20 mpy) or {open_quotes}excellent{close_quotes} (<2 mpy) corrosion resistance as defined by National Association of Corrosion Engineers. However, many of the alloys experienced intergranular corrosion in the nitric acid test solution, which could indicate a susceptibility to stress corrosion cracking (SCC) in this environment.

Rozeveld, A.; Chamberlain, D.B.



Corral Monitoring System assessment results  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the results of a functional and operational assessment of the Corral Monitoring Systems (CMS), which was designed to detect and document accountable items entering or leaving a monitored site. Its development was motivated by the possibility that multiple sites in the nuclear weapons states of the former Soviet Union might be opened to such monitoring under the provisions of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty. The assessment was performed at three levels. One level evaluated how well the planned approach addressed the target application, and which involved tracking sensitive items moving into and around a site being monitored as part of an international treaty or other agreement. The second level examined the overall design and development approach, while the third focused on individual subsystems within the total package. Unfortunately, the system was delivered as disassembled parts and pieces, with very poor documentation. Thus, the assessment was based on fragmentary operating data coupled with an analysis of what documents were provided with the system. The system design seemed to be a reasonable match to the requirements of the target application; however, important questions about site manning and top level administrative control were left unanswered. Four weaknesses in the overall design and development approach were detected: (1) poor configuration control and management, (2) inadequate adherence to a well defined architectural standard, (3) no apparent provision for improving top level error tolerance, and (4) weaknesses in the object oriented programming approach. The individual subsystems were found to offer few features or capabilities that were new or unique, even at the conceptual level. The CMS might possibly have offered a unique combination of features, but this level of integration was never realized, and it had no unique capabilities that could be readily extracted for use in another system.

Filby, E.E.; Haskel, K.J.



Results of nonendoscopic endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy  

PubMed Central

Background Surgical scarring on the face and disrupted anatomy in the medial canthal area following external dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) can be avoided by an endonasal approach. This study examined the outcome of direct visualization endonasal DCR, performed by young surgeons and residents. Methods A retrospective case series of 75 consecutive endonasal DCRs performed under direct visualization from July 2002 to July 2004 were reviewed. Surgery was performed by surgeons and residents who had received no special training in the procedure. Full success was defined as no symptoms of tearing after surgery and anatomical patency with fluorescein flow on nasal endoscopy or patency to lacrimal syringing. Partial success was defined as a tearing decrease compared with prior to surgery and with anatomical patency, and failure was defined as no significant improvement in persistent tearing. The average follow-up duration was 26.83 ± 16.26 (range 6–55) months. Results Seventy-five DCRs were performed on 63 patients (four male, 59 female) of mean age 49.44 ± 16.63 (range 21–85) years. The surgery was successful in 54/75 eyes (72%), 37/54 eyes (68.5%), and 30/42 eyes (71.4%) at 6, 12, and 24 months, respectively. Partial success was achieved in 13/75 (17.3%), 9/54 (16.7%), and 9/42 (21.4%), and the failure rates were 10.7%, 14.8%, and 7.1% at 6, 12, and 24 months, respectively. The overall functional success with this technique was 74.7% and the overall anatomical patency was 92.0%. There were no serious complications arising from the surgery; three minor complications were documented, ie, an incorrectly placed silicone tube in the lower canaliculus, tube prolapse, and postoperative bleeding which needed nasal packing and eventually a developed retention cyst in the nasal cavity. Conclusion Endonasal DCR under direct visualization is a simple technique with minimal complications and a low learning curve, without the necessity for expensive instruments. PMID:22927743

Preechawai, Passorn



[Results for SHEBA/FIRE  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Atmospheric Research Laboratory's Radiation Measurement System (RAMS) was on the NCAR C-130 aircraft in May and July 1998, collecting radiometric data on the science flights conducted in the vicinity of the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean (SHEBA) ship. These measurements were part of the FIRE Arctic Cloud Experiment (FIRE ACE). Analysis of some of the data focused on the absorption, reflection, and transmittance of Arctic clouds, especially compared to model results. In order to assess the absorption of solar radiation by the clear and cloudy atmosphere in the Arctic the measurements from the radiometers were combined in pairs of above-cloud segments and below-cloud segments. To get these pairs, the data for all sixteen of the flights (8 in May and 8 in July) were examined for occurrences of low-altitude segments in proximity to high-altitude segments. The low-altitude data are then treated as measurements of the bottom of a layer and the high-altitude data are taken as measurements of the top of the layer. With measurements of the upwelling and downwelling irradiances above and below a layer one can determine the reflectance, transmittance, and absorptance of the layer. Attachment: Doelling, D.R., P. Minnis, D.A. Spangenberg, V. Chakrapani, A. Mahesh, S.K. Pope, and F.P.J. Valero, Cloud radiative forcing at the top of the atmosphere during FIRE ACE derived from AVHRR data, J. Geophys. Res. 106, 15,279-15,296,2001. Minnis, P., D.R. Doelling, D.A. Spangenberg, A. Mahesh, S.K. Pope, and F.P.J. Valero, AVHRR-derived cloud radiative forcing over the ARM NSA and SHEBA site during FIRE ACE, abstract submitted to the ARM Science Team Meeting, San Antonio, TX, M a . 13-17,2000. Pope, S.K., and F.P.J. Valero, Measured and modeled radiometric fluxes in the Arctic during FIRE-ACE, presented as a poster at the American Geophysical Union meeting, San Francisco, CA, Dec. 13-17, 1999. Pope, S.K., and F.P.J. Valero, Measured and modeled radiometric fluxes in the Arctic during FIRE-ACEy paper presented at SHEBA/FIRE Workshop, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colo., Apr. 17-20,2000.

Valero, Francisco P. J.



An overview of KSTAR results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since the first H-mode discharges in 2010, the duration of the H-mode state has been extended and a significantly wider operational window of plasma parameters has been attained. Using a second neutral beam (NB) source and improved tuning of equilibrium configuration with real-time plasma control, a stored energy of Wtot ˜ 450 kJ has been achieved with a corresponding energy confinement time of ?E ˜ 163 ms. Recent discharges, produced in the fall of 2012, have reached plasma ?N up to 2.9 and surpassed the n = 1 ideal no-wall stability limit computed for H-mode pressure profiles, which is one of the key threshold parameters defining advanced tokamak operation. Typical H-mode discharges were operated with a plasma current of 600 kA at a toroidal magnetic field BT = 2 T. L-H transitions were obtained with 0.8-3.0 MW of NB injection power in both single- and double-null configurations, with H-mode durations up to ˜15 s at 600 kA of plasma current. The measured power threshold as a function of line-averaged density showed a roll-over with a minimum value of ˜0.8 MW at \\bar{n}_e\\sim 2\\times 10^{19}\\,m^{-3} . Several edge-localized mode (ELM) control techniques during H-mode were examined with successful results including resonant magnetic perturbation, supersonic molecular beam injection (SMBI), vertical jogging and electron cyclotron current drive injection into the pedestal region. We observed various ELM responses, i.e. suppression or mitigation, depending on the relative phase of in-vessel control coil currents. In particular, with the 90° phase of the n = 1 RMP as the most resonant configuration, a complete suppression of type-I ELMs was demonstrated. In addition, fast vertical jogging of the plasma column was also observed to be effective in ELM pace-making. SMBI-mitigated ELMs, a state of mitigated ELMs, were sustained for a few tens of ELM periods. A simple cellular automata (‘sand-pile’) model predicted that shallow deposition near the pedestal foot induced small-sized high-frequency ELMs, leading to the mitigation of large ELMs. In addition to the ELM control experiments, various physics topics were explored focusing on ITER-relevant physics issues such as the alteration of toroidal rotation caused by both electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH) and externally applied 3D fields, and the observed rotation drop by ECRH in NB-heated plasmas was investigated in terms of either a reversal of the turbulence-driven residual stress due to the transition of ion temperature gradient to trapped electron mode turbulence or neoclassical toroidal viscosity (NTV) torque by the internal kink mode. The suppression of runaway electrons using massive gas injection of deuterium showed that runaway electrons were avoided only below 3 T in KSTAR. Operation in 2013 is expected to routinely exceed the n = 1 ideal MHD no-wall stability boundary in the long-pulse H-mode (?10 s) by applying real-time shaping control, enabling n = 1 resistive wall mode active control studies. In addition, intensive works for ELM mitigation, ELM dynamics, toroidal rotation changes by both ECRH and NTV variations, have begun in the present campaign, and will be investigated in more detail with profile measurements of different physical quantities by techniques such as electron cyclotron emission imaging, charge exchange spectroscopy, Thomson scattering and beam emission spectroscopy diagnostics.

Kwak, Jong-Gu; Oh, Y. K.; Yang, H. L.; Park, K. R.; Kim, Y. S.; Kim, W. C.; Kim, J. Y.; Lee, S. G.; Na, H. K.; Kwon, M.; Lee, G. S.; Ahn, H. S.; Ahn, J.-W.; Bae, Y. S.; Bak, J. G.; Bang, E. N.; Chang, C. S.; Chang, D. H.; Chen, Z. Y.; Cho, K. W.; Cho, M. H.; Choi, M.; Choe, W.; Choi, J. H.; Chu, Y.; Chung, K. S.; Diamond, P.; Delpech, L.; Do, H. J.; Eidietis, N.; England, A. C.; Ellis, R.; Evans, T.; Choe, G.; Grisham, L.; Gorelov, Y.; Hahn, H. S.; Hahn, S. H.; Han, W. S.; Hatae, T.; Hillis, D.; Hoang, T.; Hong, J. S.; Hong, S. H.; Hong, S. R.; Hosea, J.; Humphreys, D.; Hwang, Y. S.; Hyatt, A.; Ida, K.; In, Y. K.; Ide, S.; Jang, Y. B.; Jeon, Y. M.; Jeong, J. I.; Jeong, N. Y.; Jeong, S. H.; Jin, J. K.; Joung, M.; Ju, J.; Kawahata, K.; Kim, C. H.; Kim, Hee-Su; Kim, H. S.; Kim, H. J.; Kim, H. K.; Kim, H. T.; Kim, J. H.; Kim, J.; Kim, J. C.; Kim, Jong-Su; Kim, Jung-Su; Kim, J. H.; Kim, Kyung-Min; Kim, K. J.; Kim, K. P.; Kim, M. K.; Kim, S. T.; Kim, S. W.; Kim, Y. J.; Kim, Y. K.; Kim, Y. O.; Ko, J. S.; Ko, W. H.; Kogi, Y.; Kolemen, E.; Kong, J. D.; Kwak, S. W.; Kwon, J. M.; Kwon, O. J.; Lee, D. G.; Lee, D. R.; Lee, D. S.; Lee, H. J.; Lee, J.; Lee, J. H.; Lee, K. D.; Lee, K. S.; Lee, S. H.; Lee, S. I.; Lee, S. M.; Lee, T. G.; Lee, W.; Lee, W. L.; Lim, D. S.; Litaudon, X.; Lohr, J.; Mueller, D.; Moon, K. M.; Na, D. H.; Na, Y. S.; Nam, Y. U.; Namkung, W.; Narihara, K.; Oh, S. T.; Oh, D. G.; Ono, T.; Park, B. H.; Park, D. S.; Park, G. Y.; Park, H.; Park, H. T.; Park, J. K.; Park, J. S.; Park, M. K.; Park, S. H.; Park, S.; Park, Y. M.; Park, Y. S.; Parker, R.; Rhee, D. R.; Sabbagh, S. A.; Sakamoto, K.; Shiraiwa, S.; Seo, D. C.; Seo, S. H.; Seol, J. C.; Shi, Y. J.; Son, S. H.; Song, N. H.; Suzuki, T.; Terzolo, L.; Walker, M.; Wallace, G.; Watanabe, K.; Wang, S. J.; Woo, H. J.; Woo, I. S.; Yagi, M.; Yu, Y. W.; Yamada, I.; Yonekawa, Y.; Yoo, C. M.; You, K. I.; Yoo, J. W.; Yun, G. S.; Yu, M. G.; Yoon, S. W.; Xiao, W.; Zoletnik, S.; the KSTAR Team



SMOS first results over land  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission is ESA's (European Space Agency ) second Earth Explorer Opportunity mission, launched in November 2009. It is a joint programme between ESA CNES (Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales) and CDTI (Centro para el Desarrollo Tecnologico Industrial). SMOS carries a single payload, an L-band 2D interferometric radiometer in the 1400-1427 MHz protected band. This wavelength penetrates well through the atmosphere and hence the instrument probes the Earth surface emissivity. Surface emissivity can then be related to the moisture content in the first few centimeters of soil, and, after some surface roughness and temperature corrections, to the sea surface salinity over ocean. In order to prepare the data use and dissemination, the ground segment will produce level 1 and 2 data. Level 1 consists mainly of angular brightness temperatures while level 2 consists of geophysical products. In this context, a group of institutes prepared the soil moisture and ocean salinity Algorithm Theoretical Basis documents (ATBD) to be used to produce the operational algorithm. The principle of the soil moisture retrieval algorithm is based on an iterative approach which aims at minimizing a cost function given by the sum of the squared weighted differences between measured and modelled brightness temperature (TB) data, for a variety of incidence angles. This is achieved by finding the best suited set of the parameters which drive the direct TB model, e.g. soil moisture (SM) and vegetation characteristics. Despite the simplicity of this principle, the main reason for the complexity of the algorithm is that SMOS "pixels" can correspond to rather large, inhomogeneous surface areas whose contribution to the radiometric signal is difficult to model. Moreover, the exact description of pixels, given by a weighting function which expresses the directional pattern of the SMOS interferometric radiometer, depends on the incidence angle. The goal is to retrieve soil moisture over fairly large and thus inhomogeneous areas. The retrieval is carried out at nodes of a fixed Earth surface grid. To achieve this purpose, after checking input data quality and ingesting auxiliary data, the retrieval process per se can be initiated. This cannot be done blindly as the direct model will be dependent upon surface characteristics. It is thus necessary to first assess what is the dominant land use of a node. For this, an average weighing function (MEAN_WEF) which takes into account the "antenna"pattern is run over the high resolution land use map to assess the dominant cover type. This is used to drive the decision tree which, step by step, selects the type of model to be used as per surface conditions. All this being said and done the retrieval procedure starts if all the conditions are satisfied, ideally to retrieve 3 parameters over the dominant class (the so-called rich retrieval). If the algorithm does not converge satisfactorily, a new trial is made with less floating parameters ("poorer retrieval") until either results are satisfactory or the algorithm is considered to fail. The retrieval algorithm also delivers whenever possible a dielectric constant parameter (using the-so called cardioid approach). Finally, once the retrieval converged, it is possible to compute the brightness temperature at a given fixed angle (42.5°) using the selected forward models applied to the set of parameters obtained at the end of the retrieval process. So the output product of the level 2 soil moisture algorithm should be node position, soil moisture, dielectric constants, computed brightness temperature at 42.5°, flags and quality indices. During the presentation we will describe in more details the algorithm and accompanying work in particular decision tree principle and characteristics, the auxiliary data used and the special and "exotic"cases. We will also be more explicit on the algorithm validation and verification through the data collected during the commissioning phase. The main hurdle bein

Kerr, Yann; Waldteufel, Philippe; Cabot, François; Richaume, Philippe; Jacquette, Elsa; Bitar, Ahmad Al; Mamhoodi, Ali; Delwart, Steven; Wigneron, Jean-Pierre



Recent Opportunity Microscopic Imager Results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Opportunity arrived at exposures of Endeavour crater rim rocks in August 2011, on a hill dubbed 'Cape York.' These rocks have been the goal of exploration by Opportunity for the past few years because spectral evidence for phyllosilicates was observed at this location in orbital remote sensing data. As Opportunity circum¬navigated Cape York, the Microscopic Imager (MI) was used to examine the fine-scale textures of various soils and rocky outcrops. As reported previously, Opportunity discovered multiple bright linear features along the western periphery of Cape York that have been interpreted as veins of Ca sulfate deposited in fractures within the bedrock of Cape York. Opportunity then explored the northern and eastern sides of Cape York, including the area around 'Matijevic Hill' that shows evidence for phyllosilicates in CRISM data acquired from the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. One of the first outcrops examined near Matijevic Hill, dubbed 'Kirkwood,' is dominated by millimeter-size spherules. Unlike the hematite-rich concretions observed by Opportunity on Meridiani Planum, the aggregated 'newberries' in the Kirkwood exposure display internal structure and resistant rims. Compositionally, the spherule-rich rock is very similar to a nearby spherule-poor outcrop dubbed 'Whitewater Lake.' Thus these spherules have a more basalt-like composition compared to the hematite-rich concretions of the Burns Formation. The origin of the Kirkwood outcrop is uncertain, but the setting on the rim of the 22-km diameter Endeavour crater suggests that perhaps impact melting was involved in lapilli formation, possibly followed by mobilization and sorting in the ejecta blanket. Alternatively, the newberries may be diagenetic iron oxide concretions that are less well cemented than the 'blueberries' of the younger sulfate-rich Burns Formation. The Whitewater Lake outcrops contain the phyllosilicate phases observed from orbit, and are the oldest materials yet investigated by Opportunity. The extremely soft bedrock exposed at a Whitewater Lake outcrop target dubbed 'Azilda' is mostly fine-grained, with dispersed 2-5 mm-diameter spherules and resistant veins. This target was easily abraded by the RAT, exposing a sandstone-like texture, but the sorting of grains is difficult to determine at MI resolution. Darker, erosion-resistant veneers, similar to desert varnishes on Earth, appear to record aqueous alteration that post-dates the formation of the Ca sulfate veins; they likely contain the nontronite that is observed by CRISM in this area. The inferred neutral pH and relatively low temperature of the fluids involved in these phases of alteration would have provided a habitable environment for life if it existed on Mars at that time. Because Opportunity can no longer directly sense phyllosilicate mineralogy with the MiniTES or Mössbauer spectrometers, it is focusing on characterizing the chemistry with the APXS and texture with the MI of potential phyllosilicate host rocks. The Athena MI continues to return useful images of Mars that are being used to study the textures of rocks and soils at Endeavour crater. Exploration by Opportunity continues, with the rover approaching 'Solander Point' and more exposures of phyllosilicates detected from orbit; the latest MI results will be presented at the conference.

Herkenhoff, K. E.; Arvidson, R. E.; Jolliff, B. L.; Yingst, R.; Team, A.



Context Representation for Web Search Results  

E-print Network

Context Representation for Web Search Results Jesús Vegas Department of Computer Science U. Valladolid Context Representation for Web Search Results 2 Outline Intro Web search results in the web site and Future work #12;Context Representation for Web Search Results 3 Introduction Searching the web is one

Baeza-Yates, Ricardo


Symposium on Recent Results in Infrared Astrophysics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Abstracts of papers presented at a symposium titled Recent Results in Infrared Astrophysics are set forth. The abstracts emphasize photometric, spectroscopic, polarization, and theoretical results on a broad range of current topics in infrared astrophysics.

Dyal, P. (editor)



New Results on Bs Mixing from LEP  

E-print Network

The phenomenology of B_s^0 oscillations is reviewed along with the experimental strategy for observing them. Results of studies from ALEPH, DELPHI, and OPAL experiments are summarized with an emphasis on recent new results from ALEPH.

Stephen R. Armstrong



Integration of a kraft pulping mill into a forest biorefinery: pre-extraction of hemicellulose by steam explosion versus steam treatment.  


Growing interest in alternative and renewable energy sources has brought increasing attention to the integration of a pulp mill into a forest biorefinery, where other products could be produced in addition to pulp. To achieve this goal, hemicelluloses were extracted, either by steam explosion or by steam treatment, from Eucalyptus globulus wood prior to pulping. The effects of both pre-treatments in the subsequent kraft pulping and paper strength were evaluated. Results showed a similar degree of hemicelluloses extraction with both options (32-67% of pentosans), which increased with the severity of the conditions applied. Although both pre-treatments increased delignification during pulping, steam explosion was significantly better: 12.9 kappa number vs 22.6 for similar steam unexploded pulps and 40.7 for control pulp. Finally, similar reductions in paper strength were found regardless of the type of treatment and conditions assayed, which is attributed to the increase of curled and kinked fibers. PMID:24368272

Martin-Sampedro, Raquel; Eugenio, Maria E; Moreno, Jassir A; Revilla, Esteban; Villar, Juan C



Researcher Practices on Returning Genetic Research Results  

PubMed Central

Background/Aims: As genetic and genomic research proliferates, debate has ensued about returning results to participants. In addition to consideration of the benefits and harms to participants, researchers must also consider the logistical and financial feasibility of returning research results. However, little data exist of actual researcher practices. Methods: We conducted an online survey of 446 corresponding authors of genetic/genomic studies conducted in the United States and published in 2006–2007 to assess the frequency with which they considered, offered to, or actually returned research results, what factors influenced these decisions, and the method of communicating results. Results: The response rate was 24% (105/446). Fifty-four percent of respondents considered the issue of returning research results to participants, 28% offered to return individual research results, and 24% actually returned individual research results. Of those who considered the issue of returning research results during the study planning phase, the most common factors considered were whether research results were deemed clinically useful (18%) and respect for participants (13%). Researchers who had a medical degree and conducted studies on children were significantly more likely to offer to return or actually return individual results compared to those with a Ph.D. only. Conclusions: We speculate that issues associated with clinical validity and respect for participants dominated concerns of time and expense given the prominent and continuing ethical debates surrounding genetics and genomics research. The substantial number of researchers who did not consider returning research results suggests that researchers and institutional review boards need to devote more attention to a topic about which research participants are interested. PMID:20939736

Heaney, Christopher; Tindall, Genevieve; Lucas, Joe



Innovation Impact: Breakthrough Research Results (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

The Innovation Impact brochure captures key breakthrough results across NREL's primary areas of renewable energy and energy efficiency research: solar, wind, bioenergy, transportation, buildings, analysis, and manufacturing technologies.

Not Available



Interpreting Borderline BeLPT Results  

PubMed Central

Background The beryllium lymphocyte proliferation test (BeLPT) identifies persons sensitized to beryllium (BeS) and thus at risk for chronic beryllium disease (CBD). BeLPT test results are abnormal (AB), borderline (BL), or normal (NL). This manuscript addresses the predictive value and interpretation of BL BeLPT results. Methods The various three-result combinations that meet or exceed a nominal referral criteria of 1 AB + 1 BL are assessed with probability modeling and compared. Results At 2% prevalence, the three-result combinations that meet or exceed this referral criteria and associated probabilities of BeS are: (a) 1 AB + 1 BL + 1 NL (72%); (b) 3 BL (91%); (c) 2 AB + 1 NL (95%); (d) 1 AB + 2 BL (99%); (e) 2 AB + 1 BL (100%); and (f) 3 AB (100%). Conclusion These results suggest that BL results are meaningful and that three BL results predict BeS across a broad range of population prevalences. An analysis of longitudinal BeLPT results and clinical findings from an actual surveillance program is warranted to confirm the model’s predictions. PMID:20957676

Middleton, D.C.; Mayer, A.S.; Lewin, M.D.; Mroz, M.M.; Maier, L.A.



Family Adventure Questionnaire: Results and Discussion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the results of a survey conducted with 44 adventure programs working with families. Results of the survey show that the majority of families served by family adventure programs are step families. The source of the programs' primary referrals were mental health or medical staff. Programs reported that they worked almost…

Gillis, H. L.; And Others


Tau Lepton Flavor Violation Results from BABAR  

SciTech Connect

We report the recent results obtained by BABAR collaboration in lepton flavor violation (LFV) searches in the tau lepton sector, presenting 16 new results from {tau}LLL(L = e,{mu}), {tau}{yields}LV{sup 0}(V{sup 0} = {rho}{sup 0}, K*{sup 0}, K*{sup -0},{phi} and {tau}{yields}LK{sub S}.

Cervelli, A. [INFN Sez. Pisa, Largo Bruno Pontecorvo 3, 56127 Pisa (Italy)



Test results of ac superconducting cables  

SciTech Connect

All the major components of an ac superconducting power transmission system have been developed. A summary of test results during the developmental stages is given. A Test Facility designed to demonstrate and evaluate cables rated for 138 kV, 1000-MVA 3-phi service is under construction. Most of the equipment has been installed and tested; results are presented.

Forsyth, E.B.



Tablet PCs, Academic Results and Educational Inequalities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is the result of a study carried out in 2008 and 2009 by a team from the Autonomous University of Barcelona in order to evaluate the implementation of the Digital Whiteboard Program in public schools in the region of Aragon (Spain). The following pages present some of the results obtained during the study. More specifically, this…

Ferrer, Ferran; Belvis, Esther; Pamies, Jordi




E-print Network

PEANUT VARIETY AND QUALITY EVALUATION RESULTS Agronomic and Grade Data Tidewater Agricultural, Petersburg. PEANUT VARIETY AND QUALITY EVALUATION RESULTS 2010 I. Agronomic and Grade Data Maria Balota, Ph acknowledge financial support from the following institutions and organizations: SC PEANUT GROWERSSC PEANUT

Liskiewicz, Maciej



E-print Network

PEANUT VARIETY AND QUALITY EVALUATION RESULTS Agronomic and Grade Data Tidewater Agricultural, 1890 Extension Program, Virginia State, Petersburg. PEANUT VARIETY AND QUALITY EVALUATION RESULTS 2009, Virginia Peanut Board Mr. B. Sutter, North Carolina Peanut Board Companies Mr. F. Garner, Birdsong Peanut

Liskiewicz, Maciej


Automated Ranking of Database Query Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ranking and returning the most relevant results of a query is a popular paradigm in Information Retrieval. We discuss challenges and investigate several approaches to enable ranking in databases, including adaptations of known techniques from information retrieval. We present results of preliminary experiments.

Sanjay Agrawal; Surajit Chaudhuri; Gautam Das; Aristides Gionis




Microsoft Academic Search

Summary One approach to summarizing the research results from cattle crossbreeding studies is to consider the relative importance of breed differences, reciprocal differences and heterosis as they affect various characters. Breed effects as indicated by the maximum differences outlined in this review were of moderate to high magnitude for most of the characters considered. This result implies that selection among

Charles R. Long



Using Test Results To Support Clinical Judgment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper recommends an evaluation procedure for gifted children which uses test results only to confirm the conclusions resulting from clinical evaluation that involves observation, discussion with the child, an interview with the parents, developmental milestones, and family history. It suggests that traditional test interpretation may lead to…

Silverman, Linda Kreger


Results from AMMSI funding From: Carol Shubin  

E-print Network

Results from AMMSI funding From: Carol Shubin To: African Mathematics Millennium Science Initiative of Mathematics Results from AMMSI funding I requested support to return to the Kigali Institute of Science:// were originally developed for the NASA CSUN/JPL PAIR program. They explore several math modeling

Shubin, Carol


Search Results using Timeline Visualizations Omar Alonso  

E-print Network

Search Results using Timeline Visualizations Omar Alonso Dept. of Computer Science University a new approach in which search results are arranged in a well-defined timeline using a few existing based on the Gregorian Calendar, with a single day being an atomic time interval called chronon. Our

Gertz, Michael


Experimental results on heavy quark fragmentation  

E-print Network

Experimental results on c- and b-quark fragmentation are reviewed. The discussion is concentrated on measurements of heavy-quark fragmentation functions and fragmentation fractions. Measurements of various heavy-quark fragmentation ratios are also discussed. The experimental results are compared with theoretical expectations and model predictions.

Leonid Gladilin



RESULTS (CONT.) Figure 7: After Software Analysis  

E-print Network

flow combinations, which includes: · Free flow over the inlet weir · Submerged weir flow · Gate distribution over the inlet to the weir structure. · Figure 6 & 7 are examples of PTV results for pair of video flow over inlet weir. · Flow over weir has linear behavior for flows > 0.07 m3/s. · PTV results

Farritor, Shane


Perturbation Results for Exponentially Dichotomous Operators  

E-print Network

Perturbation Results for Exponentially Dichotomous Operators on General Banach Spaces Andr#19;e C, Universit#18;a di Cagliari, Viale Merello 92, 09123 Cagliari, Italy Abstract Some perturbation results of Riccati equations associated to block operators on general Banach spaces, both for compact perturbations

Ran, André


MiniBooNE Oscillation Results  

SciTech Connect

These proceedings summarize the MiniBooNE {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} results, describe the first {bar {nu}}{sub {mu}} {yields} {bar {nu}}{sub e} result, and current analysis effort with the NuMI neutrinos detected in the miniBooNE detector.

Djurcic, Zelimir; /Columbia U.



Scheduling Periodic Jobs That Allow Imprecise Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem of scheduling periodic jobs in hard real-time systems that support imprecise computations is discussed. Timing faults are avoided in such systems by making available intermediate, imprecise results of acceptable quality when results of the desired quality cannot be produced on time. Two workload models of imprecise computations are presented. These models differ from traditional models in that a

Jen-yao Chung; Jane W.-S. Liu; Kwei-jay Lin



Diversifying Web Search Results Davood Rafiei  

E-print Network

Bharat Google Inc. Anand Shukla Google Inc. ABSTRACT Result diversity- sired facets in the first page of the results. However, the underlying questions of how `diversity-understood. In this work, we model the problem as expectation maximization and study the challenges of esti- mating

Rafiei, Davood


Clustering Web Search Results Using Fuzzy Ants  

E-print Network

Clustering Web Search Results Using Fuzzy Ants Steven Schockaert,* Martine De Cock, Chris Cornelis and Uncertainty Modelling Research Unit, Krijgslaan 281 (S9), B-9000 Gent, Belgium Algorithms for clustering Web existing approaches and illustrates how our algorithm can be applied to the problem of Web search results

Gent, Universiteit


Results from the first international AM0  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

AM0 solar cell calibration laboratories throughout the world are working together to create standard methods for AM0 calibration. In an effort to compare the results of different calibration methods, five different laboratories calibrated GaAs and Si solar cells. The results of this inter-comparison are presented herein.

Mueller, R. L.; Jenkins, P.; Brinker, D.; Scheiman, D.; Anspaugh, B.; Gomez, T.; Lisbona, E. F.; Aoyama, K.; Imaizumi, M.; Pichetto, V.; Yiqiang, Y.; Goodbody, C.



CP Symmetry in Particle Introduction Results  

E-print Network

/19Physics in Ljubljana, FMF, July 2011 j j y y #12;Introduction Why CP (A)Symmetry? Introduction Results B) In the Universe today particles completely dominate over B. Golob 2/19Physics in Ljubljana, FMF, July 2011 Why all, FMF, July 2011 + - K-CP #12;Introduction Why CP (A)Symmetry? Introduction Results B

?umer, Slobodan


Learning to cluster web search results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organizing Web search results into clusters facilitates users' quick browsing through search results. Traditional clustering techniques are inadequate since they don't generate clusters with highly readable names. In this paper, we reformalize the clustering problem as a salient phrase ranking problem. Given a query and the ranked list of documents (typically a list of titles and snippets) returned by a

Hua-Jun Zeng; Qi-Cai He; Zheng Chen; Wei-Ying Ma; Jinwen Ma



On several results about convex set functions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1979, in an interesting paper, R.J. Morris introduced the notion of convex set function defined on an atomless finite measure space. After a short period this notion, as well as generalizations of it, began to be studied in several papers. The aim was to obtain results similar to those known for usual convex (or generalized convex) functions. Unfortunately several notions are ambiguous and the arguments used in the proofs of several results are not clear or not correct. In this way there were stated even false results. The aim of this paper is to point out that using some simple ideas it is possible, on one hand, to deduce the correct results by means of convex analysis and, on the other hand, to emphasize the reasons for which there are problems with other results.

Zalinescu, C.



GNO Solar Neutrino Observations: Results for GNOI  

E-print Network

We report the first GNO solar neutrino results for the measuring period GNOI, solar exposure time May 20, 1998 till January 12, 2000. In the present analysis, counting results for solar runs SR1 - SR19 were used till April 4, 2000. With counting completed for all but the last 3 runs (SR17 - SR19), the GNO I result is [65.8 +10.2 -9.6 (stat.) +3.4 -3.6 (syst.)]SNU (1sigma) or [65.8 + 10.7 -10.2 (incl. syst.)]SNU (1sigma) with errors combined. This may be compared to the result for Gallex(I-IV), which is [77.5 +7.6 -7.8 (incl. syst.)] SNU (1sigma). A combined result from both GNOI and Gallex(I-IV) together is [74.1 + 6.7 -6.8 (incl. syst.)] SNU (1sigma).

GNO Collaboration; M. Altmann; M. Balata; P. Belli; E. Bellotti; R. Bernabei; E. Burkert; C. Cattadori; G. Cerichelli; M. Chiarini; M. Cribier; S. d'Angelo; G. Del Re; K. H. Ebert; F. v. Feilitzsch; N. Ferrari; W. Hampel; J. Handt; E. Henrich; G. Heusser; J. Kiko; T. Kirsten; T. Lachenmaier; J. Lanfranchi; M. Laubenstein; D. Motta; W. Rau; H. Richter; S. Waenninger; M. Wojcik; L. Zanotti



Scheduling periodic jobs using imprecise results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

One approach to avoid timing faults in hard, real-time systems is to make available intermediate, imprecise results produced by real-time processes. When a result of the desired quality cannot be produced in time, an imprecise result of acceptable quality produced before the deadline can be used. The problem of scheduling periodic jobs to meet deadlines on a system that provides the necessary programming language primitives and run-time support for processes to return imprecise results is discussed. Since the scheduler may choose to terminate a task before it is completed, causing it to produce an acceptable but imprecise result, the amount of processor time assigned to any task in a valid schedule can be less than the amount of time required to complete the task. A meaningful formulation of the scheduling problem must take into account the overall quality of the results. Depending on the different types of undesirable effects caused by errors, jobs are classified as type N or type C. For type N jobs, the effects of errors in results produced in different periods are not cumulative. A reasonable performance measure is the average error over all jobs. Three heuristic algorithms that lead to feasible schedules with small average errors are described. For type C jobs, the undesirable effects of errors produced in different periods are cumulative. Schedulability criteria of type C jobs are discussed.

Chung, Jen-Yao; Liu, Jane W. S.; Lin, Kwei-Jay



Review of physics results from the Tevatron  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a comprehensive review of the physics results obtained by the CDF and D0 collaborations up to summer 2014, with emphasis on those achieved in the Run II of the Tevatron collider which delivered a total integrated luminosity of 10 fb-1 at ? {s} = 1.96 TeV. The results are presented in six main physics topics: QCD, Heavy Flavor, Electroweak, Top quark, Higgs boson and searches for New Particles and Interactions. The characteristics of the accelerator, detectors, and the techniques used to achieve these results are also briefly summarized.

Bandurin, D.; Bernardi, G.; Gerber, C.; Junk, T.; Juste, A.; Kotwal, A.; Lewis, J.; Mesropian, C.; Schellman, H.; Sekaric, J.; Toback, D.; van Kooten, R.; Vellidis, C.; Zivkovic, L.



Experimental rotordynamic coefficient results for honeycomb seals  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Test results (leakage and rotordynamic coefficients) are presented for seven honeycomb-stator smooth-rotor seals. Tests were carried out with air at rotor speeds up to 16,000 cpm and supply pressures up to 8.2 bars. Test results for the seven seals are compared, and the most stable configuration is identified based on the whirl frequency ratio. Results from tests of a smooth-rotor/smooth-stator seal, a teeth-on-stator labyrinth seal, and the most stable honeycomb seal are compared.

Elrod, David A.; Childs, Dara W.



Unfavourable results in skull base surgery  

PubMed Central

Treatment of skull base tumors involves multiple specialities. The lesions are usually advanced and the treatment is often associated with unfavorable results, which may be functional and/or aesthetic. Here we have done an analysis for the complications and unfavorable results of 546 cases treated surgically by a single craniofacial surgeon over a period of 14 years. The major morbidity ranges from death to permanent impairment of vital organ functions (brain, eye, nose), infections, tissue losses, flap failures, treatment associated complications, psychosocial issues, and aesthesis besides others. This article is aimed at bringing forth these unfavorable results and how to avoid them. PMID:24501460

Jaju, Hemen



Unfavourable results in acute burn management  

PubMed Central

An etiology based classification has been devised to innumerate all possible unfavorable results (complications) which may occur during acute burn management. Various factors, right from the onset of burns, may affect the final outcome. These factors, starting from the onset of burns till the occurrence of complication, have been discussed in details. Unfavorable results in regional burns (chest, limb, eye, ear, and hand) have been discussed. Unfavorable results in various chemical burns have been described with necessary precautions to prevent. Various septic complications have been narrated and their prevention is also discussed. PMID:24501478

Bilwani, P. K.



New results on the tau lepton  

SciTech Connect

This is a review of new results on the tau lepton. The results include precise measurements of the lifetime, measurements of the decay tau/sup -/ ..-->.. ..pi../sup -/2..pi../sup 0/nu/sub tau/ with much improved precision, and limits on decay modes containing eta mesons, including the second-class-current decay tau/sup -/ ..-->.. ..pi../sup -/eta nu/sub tau/. The implications of these new results on the discrepancy in the one-charged-particle decay modes are discussed. 52 refs., 6 figs., 2 tabs.

Gan, K.K.



New Quality Metrics for Web Search Results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Web search results enjoy an increasing importance in our daily lives. But what can be said about their quality, especially when querying a controversial issue? The traditional information retrieval metrics of precision and recall do not provide much insight in the case of web information retrieval. In this paper we examine new ways of evaluating quality in search results: coverage and independence. We give examples on how these new metrics can be calculated and what their values reveal regarding the two major search engines, Google and Yahoo. We have found evidence of low coverage for commercial and medical controversial queries, and high coverage for a political query that is highly contested. Given the fact that search engines are unwilling to tune their search results manually, except in a few cases that have become the source of bad publicity, low coverage and independence reveal the efforts of dedicated groups to manipulate the search results.

Metaxas, Panagiotis Takis; Ivanova, Lilia; Mustafaraj, Eni


Stereotactic Radiosurgery: Indications and Results — Part 2  

PubMed Central

Stereotactic radiosurgery and fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy represent an increasingly important option in the treatment of central nervous system disease. In this article, we discuss indications for stereotactic radiosurgery and review results reported in the medical literature. PMID:21519448

Chen, Joseph C T; Girvigian, Michael R




E-print Network

PEANUT VARIETY AND QUALITY EVALUATION RESULTS Quality Data Tidewater Agricultural Research; Wondi Mersie, Interim Administrator, 1890 Extension Program, Virginia State, Petersburg. PEANUT VARIETY from the following institutions and organizations: SC PEANUT GROWERSSC PEANUT GROWERS NC STATENC STATE

Liskiewicz, Maciej



EPA Science Inventory

This data set contains the method performance results. This includes field blanks, method blanks, duplicate samples, analytical duplicates, matrix spikes, and surrogate recovery standards. The Children?s Total Exposure to Persistent Pesticides and Other Persistent Pollutant (...


Complexity Results on Learning by Neural Nets  

E-print Network

We consider the computational complexity of learning by neural nets. We are inter- ested in how hard it is to design appropriate neural net architectures and to train neural nets for general and specialized learning tasks. Our main result shows...

Lin, Jyh-Han; Vitter, Jeffrey Scott



Further results on the uncertainty threshold principle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Additional quantitative results are presented for the existence of optimal decision rules and stochastic stability for linear systems with white random parameters with respect to quadratic performance criteria by examining a specific version of a multivariable optimization problem.

R. Ku; M. Athans



Complexity Results Graph Reconstruction Edith Hemaspaandra  

E-print Network

number matching symbols, given a protein DNA sequences. computer networking, reconstruction problemComplexity Results Graph Reconstruction # Edith Hemaspaandra Department of Computer Science investigate relative complexity graph isomorphism problem (GI) and problems related reconstruction graph

Radziszowski, Stanislaw P.


RESOURCE COMPETITION: Ecological Result 1. Competitive Exclusion  

E-print Network

RESOURCE COMPETITION: Ecological Result 1. Competitive Exclusion One Sp Locally Extinct; Other Reaches Carrying Capacity 2. Competitive Coexistence Both Spp Extant; Diversity Maintained MECHANISMS Differently to Variation 2. Spatial Variation Physiological Gradient Competitive Refuge in Heterogeneous

Caraco, Thomas


Norcal Prototype LNG Truck Fleet: Final Results  

SciTech Connect

U.S. DOE and National Renewable Energy Laboratory evaluated Norcal Waste Systems liquefied natural gas (LNG) waste transfer trucks. Trucks had prototype Cummins Westport ISXG engines. Report gives final evaluation results.

Not Available



Cone Penetrometer N Factor Determination Testing Results  

SciTech Connect

This document contains the results of testing activities to determine the empirical 'N Factor' for the cone penetrometer in kaolin clay simulant. The N Factor is used to releate resistance measurements taken with the cone penetrometer to shear strength.

Follett, Jordan R.



Results of recent calculations using realistic potentials  

SciTech Connect

Results of recent calculations for the triton using realistic potentials with strong tensor forces are reviewed, with an emphasis on progress made using the many different calculational schemes. Several test problems are suggested. 49 refs., 5 figs.

Friar, J.L.



Results of coronal hole research: An overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An overview of the last 10 years of coronal hole research, in particular since 1970, is presented. The findings of the early investigations and the more recent results obtained with Skylab/Apollo Telescope Mount instrumentation are discussed.

Wilson, R. M.



Localized shrinkage factors and minimax results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A condition is derived under which a localized shrinkage factor estimator will be minimax. A specific localized shrinkage factor estimator is described. The nonapplicability of the derived condition to some estimators is shown. Several comments concerning these results are made.

Kostal, H.



The Lake Baikal neutrino experiment: selected results  

E-print Network

We review the present status of the lake Baikal Neutrino Experiment and present selected physical results gained with the consequetive stages of the stepwise increasing detector: from NT-36 to NT-96. Results cover atmospheric muons, neutrino events, very high energy neutrinos, search for neutrino events from WIMP annihilation, search for magnetic monopoles and environmental studies. We also describe an air Cherenkov array developed for the study of angular resolution of NT-200.

BAIKAL Collaboration; V. Balkanov



Significant results from the HCMM program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The major objectives of the HCMM program for applications in geology, agriculture, water studies, and the effects of climate on metropolitan areas are summarized. Results obtained by Principal Investigators in each of these disciplines are presented, discussed, and supported with figures and tables. In order to compare the types of observations and applications that can be derived from HCMM data with some remote sensing standard or framework for each discipline, the principal results already achieved with the LANDSAT system are included.



Uncalibrated Building Energy Simulation Modeling Results  

E-print Network

of the ongoing monitoring of numerous campus buildings. Each building’s energy data were not made available until after the simulations and the analysis of the simulation results were completed. The energy use data were then compared to the simulated energy use...VOLUME 12, NUMBER 4 HVAC&R RESEARCH OCTOBER 2006 1141 Uncalibrated Building Energy Simulation Modeling Results Mushtaq Ahmad Charles H. Culp, PhD, PE Associate Member ASHRAE Fellow ASHRAE Received June 23, 2005; accepted April 17, 2006...

Ahmad, M.; Culp, C.H.


A death resulting from trichlorotrifluoroethane poisoning.  


Fatalities due to accidental exposure to chlorinated hydrocarbon in an industrial setting have been infrequently reported. The deaths in these cases have occurred within poorly ventilated, enclosed compartments or areas. A case is presented of a 16-year-old male who died as a result of exposure to trichlorotrifluoroethane while working in an open pit. Chromatographic results and tissue concentrations are presented. PMID:2262779

McGee, M B; Meyer, R F; Jejurikar, S G



Some results on embeddings of near rings  

E-print Network

SOME RESULTS ON EMBEDDINGS OF NEAR RINGS A Thesis by John David McCracken Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Nay, 19 70 Major Subject...: Mathematics SQNE RESULTS ON ENBEDDIRGS OF NEAR RINGS A Thesis by John David McCracken Approved as to style and content by: '1 C air an ' Committ (Head of Department) (Member) (Memb ) (Member) I ', . '"', , . . . ( Member Member) May, 1970...

McCracken, John David



Recent Results from the AMANDA Experiment  

E-print Network

AMANDA (Antarctic Muon And Neutrino Detector Array) is a neutrino telescope built under the southern polar icecap and its scope is to explore the possibility to detect high energy cosmic neutrinos. This should generate insight into the powerful celestial objects where acceleration mechanisms can bring up to $10^{20}$ eV. We describe the achievements and results from the AMANDA-B10 prototype and the preliminary results from the current AMANDA-II detector which show dramatic increase in sensitivity.

Peter Niessen; for the AMANDA collaboration



Visualizing search results: evaluating an iconic visualization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Commercial websites offer many items to potential site users. However, most current websites display results of a search in text lists, or as lists sorted on one or two single criteria. Finding the best item in a text list based on multi-priority criteria is an exhausting task, especially for long lists. Visualizing search results and enabling users to perceive the tradeoffs among the results based on multiple priorities may ease this process. To investigate this, two different techniques for displaying and sorting search results are studied in this paper; Text, and XY Iconic Visualization. The goal is to determine which technique for representing search results would be the most efficient one for a website user. We conducted a user study to compare the usability of the two techniques. Collected data is in the form of participants' task responses, a satisfaction questionnaire, qualitative observations, and participants' comments. According to the results, iconic visualization is better for overview (it gives a good overview in a short amount of time) and search with more than two criteria, while text-based performs better for displaying details.

Erfani Joorabchi, M.; Dalvandi, A.; Seifi, H.; Bartram, L.; Shaw, C. D.



Sugar CSC CSC'2009 CSC'2009 Results Summary Short Report on the Results of the Fourth  

E-print Network

Sugar CSC CSC'2009 CSC'2009 Results Summary . . . .. . . Short Report on the Results of the Fourth Short Report on the Results of the Fourth International Constr #12;Sugar CSC CSC'2009 CSC'2009 Results Summary Sugar Solver .. Sugar: a SAT-based Constraint Solver Sugar is a SAT-based constraint solver based

Banbara, Mutsunori


Scheduling periodic jobs that allow imprecise results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The problem of scheduling periodic jobs in hard real-time systems that support imprecise computations is discussed. Two workload models of imprecise computations are presented. These models differ from traditional models in that a task may be terminated any time after it has produced an acceptable result. Each task is logically decomposed into a mandatory part followed by an optional part. In a feasible schedule, the mandatory part of every task is completed before the deadline of the task. The optional part refines the result produced by the mandatory part to reduce the error in the result. Applications are classified as type N and type C, according to undesirable effects of errors. The two workload models characterize the two types of applications. The optional parts of the tasks in an N job need not ever be completed. The resulting quality of each type-N job is measured in terms of the average error in the results over several consecutive periods. A class of preemptive, priority-driven algorithms that leads to feasible schedules with small average error is described and evaluated.

Chung, Jen-Yao; Liu, Jane W. S.; Lin, Kwei-Jay



Critical evaluation of acute ozone epidemiology results  

SciTech Connect

Evidence from controlled human exposure studies demonstrates transient pulmonary functional responses to ozone exposure concentrations near the U.S. primary air quality standard of 0.120 ppm. There have been several recent efforts to document low concentration ozone effects in the epidemiological setting. Quantification of ozone effects under natural conditions of exposure can provide valuable information for risk assessment. However, results of epidemiological studies on acute ozone effects have had a limited role in decisions for air quality standards. This reflects difficulties in the quantitative interpretation of results that are to some extent inherent in the epidemiological approach, such as the difficulty of assessing individual exposures, failure to account for varying activity levels, and confounding by temporal covariates, e.g., temperature and pollen. However, in spite of the limitations of individual studies, when viewed as a group the epidemiological studies are consistent among themselves and with results from chamber studies.

Kinney, P.L.; Ware, J.H.; Spengler, J.D.



Results concerning the centre of our galaxy  

E-print Network

For many years it was felt that, when a star collapsed, a white dwarf resulted if the mass of the original star was below the Chandrasekhar limit, a neutron star if the mass was somewhat larger but still less than four or five solar masses, but after that black holes were felt to provide the only possible final state. The extension of this hierarchy to include the possibility of quark, and even sub-quark, stars has been proposed and here is used to offer an alternative explanation for the recently published photograph, credited to Eckart and Genzel, purporting to show stars near the centre of our Galaxy moving at very high speeds. The same basic results are used also to consider the even more recent results of Schodel and collaborators concerning the detailed observations of a stellar orbit very close to the centre of our galaxy.

J. Dunning-Davies



Review of Fenton Hill HDR test results  

SciTech Connect

Results of recent flow testing at Fenton Hill, New Mexico, have been examined in light of their applicability to the development of commercial-scale hot dry rock (HDR) reservoirs at other sites. These test results, obtained during the cumulative 11 months of reservoir flow testing between 1992 and 1995, show that there was no significant production temperature drawdown during this time and that the reservoir flow became more dispersed as flow testing proceeded. Based on these test results together with previous HDR research at Fenton Hill and elsewhere, it is concluded that a three-well geometry, with one centrally located injection well and two production wells-one at each end of the pressure-stimulated reservoir region-would provide a much more productive system for future HDR development than the two-well system tested at Fenton Hill.

Brown, D.



Nebraska wind resource assessment first year results  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the preliminary results from a wind resource assessment program in Nebraska sponsored by the Nebraska Power Association. During the first year the measured annual wind speed at 40 meters ranged from 6.5 - 7.5 m/s (14.6 - 16.8 mph) at eight stations across the state. The site selection process is discussed as well as an overview of the site characteristics at the monitoring locations. Results from the first year monitoring period including data recovery rate, directionality, average wind speeds, wind shear, and turbulence intensity are presented. Results from the eight sites are qualitatively compared with other midwest and west coast locations. 5 figs., 2 tabs.

Hurley, P.J.F.; Vilhauer, R. [RLA Consulting, Inc., Bothell, WA (United States); Stooksbury, D. [Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE (United States)



MiniBooNE Oscillation Results 2011  

SciTech Connect

The MiniBooNE neutrino oscillation search experiment at Fermilab has recently updated results from a search for {bar {nu}}{sub {mu}} {yields} {bar {nu}}{sub e} oscillations, using a data sample corresponding to 8.58 x 10{sup 20} protons on target in anti-neutrino mode. This high statistics result represent an increase in statistics of 52% compared to result published in 2010. An excess of 57.7 {+-} 28.5 events is observed in the energy range 200 MeV < E{sub {nu}} < 3000 MeV. The data favor LSND-like {bar {nu}}{sub {mu}} {yields} {bar {nu}}{sub e} oscillations over a background only hypothesis at 91.1% confidence level in the energy range 475 < E{sub {nu}} < 3000 MeV.

Djurcic, Zelimir



East Mountain Area 1995 air sampling results  

SciTech Connect

Ambient air samples were taken at two locations in the East Mountain Area in conjunction with thermal testing at the Lurance Canyon Burn Site (LCBS). The samples were taken to provide measurements of particulate matter with a diameter less than or equal to 10 micrometers (PM{sub 10}) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). This report summarizes the results of the sampling performed in 1995. The results from small-scale testing performed to determine the potentially produced air pollutants in the thermal tests are included in this report. Analytical results indicate few samples produced measurable concentrations of pollutants believed to be produced by thermal testing. Recommendations for future air sampling in the East Mountain Area are also noted.

Deola, R.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Air Quality Dept.



Traceability, Reference Systems and Result Comparability  

PubMed Central

The standardisation of measurements is of high priority in laboratory medicine, its purpose being to achieve closer comparability of results obtained using routine measurement procedures. At present, there is international cooperation in developing reference measurement systems (reference methods, reference materials, and reference laboratory networks) for analytes of clinical significance. These reference systems will reduce, wherever possible, measurement uncertainty and promote the comparability of results. The implementation of measurement traceability through the reference system provides one of the most important tools that supports the standardisation process in laboratory medicine. It aims to achieve result comparability regardless of the measurement procedure (test kit) and the clinical laboratory where analyses are carried out. The aim of this review is to discuss some concepts related to the achievement of standardisation by the implementation of a metrologically-correct measurement system and to provide some examples that illustrate the complexity of this approach and the impact of these activities on patient care. PMID:17909614

Panteghini, Mauro



[Pulsar perimetry. A review and new results].  


We present a review and update on Pulsar perimetry, which combines temporal frequency, contrast and spatial frequency stimuli. The effects of age, visual acuity, and learning on results are described. Data on threshold fluctuation, signal-to-noise ratio, and the possibility of reducing noise with filtering techniques are provided. We describe its dynamic range and the possibility of compensating for profound defects. Finally, we show the results obtained in normal patients and in those with ocular hypertension or initial glaucoma, as well as an analysis of glaucoma progression. PMID:23392836

Gonzalez de la Rosa, M; Gonzalez-Hernandez, M



Model reduction results for flexible space structures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes the novel subsystem balancing technique for obtaining reduced-order models of flexible structures, and investigates its properties fully. This method can be regarded as a combination of the best features of modal truncation (efficiency) and internal balancing (accuracy); it is particularly well suited to the typical practical case of structures which possess clusters of close modes. Numerical results are then presented demonstrating the results obtained by applying subsystem balancing to the Air Force Phillips Laboratory ASTREX testbed, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory antenna facility, and the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center ACES structure.

Williams, Trevor; Mostarshedi, Masoud



CP Violation Results from D0  

E-print Network

We present results on CP violation from approximately 2.8 fb^{-1} of data collected by the D0 Experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron. The results presented are: (i) an improved measurement of the B_s^0 CP-violating phase from a flavor-tagged analysis of B_s^0 --> J/\\psi \\phi decays; (ii) a search for direct CP violation in B^{+-} --> J/\\psi K^{+-} (\\pi^{+-}) decays from a measurement of the charge asymmetry A_{CP}(B^{+-} --> J/\\psi K^{+-}); and (iii) a search for indirect CP violation from searches for anomalous charge asymmetries in semileptonic B_s^0 decays.

J. Ellison



Piping instability resulting from bellows misalignment  

SciTech Connect

The failure of the single phase bellows and magnet test stand during quench testing of SSC dipole magnet DD0011 has led to much speculation about the inherent stability of operating SSC magnets. This note addresses the problem of instabilities resulting from both translational and angular misalignment between pipes connected by bellows in the general sense and with respect to the SSC single phase system specifically. Note that none of the instabilities referenced here result from bellows 'squirm'. Inelastic bellows failure is not within the scope of this work. The failure mode referenced here is an elastic instability. 3 refs., 7 figs.

Nicol, T.H.



Physics results from dynamical overlap fermion simulations  

E-print Network

I summarize the physics results obtained from large-scale dynamical overlap fermion simulations by the JLQCD and TWQCD collaborations. The numerical simulations are performed at a fixed global topological sector; the physics results in the theta-vacuum is reconstructed by correcting the finite volume effect, for which the measurement of the topological susceptibility is crucial. Physics applications we studied so far include a calculation of chiral condensate, pion mass, decay constant, form factors, as well as (vector and axial-vector) vacuum polarization functions and nucleon sigma term.

Shoji Hashimoto




SciTech Connect

In this paper, we discuss new results from the use of the crystal collimator from the 2003 run. The yellow ring of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) has a bent crystal collimator. By properly aligning the crystal to the beam halo, particles entering the crystal are deflected away from the beam and intercepted downstream in a copper scraper. The purpose of a bent crystal is to improve the collimation efficiency as compared to a scraper alone. We compare these results to previous data, simulation, and theoretical predictions.




First results from the Fennoscandian GPS networks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Temporal correlations were measured of data obtained by the Swedish Permanent GPS Network for Positioning (SWEPOS). The model for correlations, r(Delta t) = exp(-(absolute value of (Delta t))/tau), can be used to predict precision of averaged values for different values of tau. Results indicate that tau is approximately equal to 1 day (r less than 1% after 5 days). The results show that the network can be used in geophysical applications such as the DOSE investigation on postglacial rebound.

Johansson, J. M.; Jaldehag, R. T. K.



Results from the N* program at JLab  

E-print Network

We discuss the results on the fundamental degrees of freedom underlying the nucleon excitation spectrum and how they evolve as the resonance transitions are investigated with increasingly better space-time resolution of the electromagnetic probe. The search for undiscovered but predicted states continues to be pursued with a vigorous experimental program. While recent data from JLab and elsewhere provide intriguing hints of new states, final conclusions will have to wait for the results of the broad experimental effort currently underway with CLAS, and subsequent analyses involving the EBAC at JLab.

I. Aznauryan; V. D. Burkert; T. -S. H. Lee; V. Mokeev



Relativity concept inventory: Development, analysis, and results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on a concept inventory for special relativity: the development process, data analysis methods, and results from an introductory relativity class. The Relativity Concept Inventory tests understanding of relativistic concepts. An unusual feature is confidence testing for each question. This can provide additional information; for example, high confidence correlated with incorrect answers suggests a misconception. A novel aspect of our data analysis is the use of Monte Carlo simulations to determine the significance of correlations. This approach is particularly useful for small sample sizes, such as ours. Our results show a gender bias that was not present in course assessment, similar to that reported for the Force Concept Inventory.

Aslanides, J. S.; Savage, C. M.



Significant Results from SUMER/SOHO  

E-print Network

We briefly outline recent observations by solar spacecraft such as Yohkoh, SOHO, TRACE, and RHESSI, which have revolutionized what we know and don't know about the Sun. We then present some significant results, mainly from SUMER/SOHO but also complimentary from the other SOHO's experiments, such as CDS, EIT, UVCS, and LASCO. In particular, we present density-temperature structures, explosive events, velocity anisotropy, wave activity, coronal holes and the solar wind etc. These results have provided valuable clues to a better understanding of the two of the SOHO's principal scientific objectives namely, how the Sun's magnetic energy heats its million-degree corona, and feeds the solar wind.

B. N. Dwivedi



Recent results on magnetic plasma turbulence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Magnetic plasma turbulence is observed over a broad range of scales in the solar wind. We discuss the results of high-resolution numerical simulations of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence that models plasma motion at large scales and the results of numerical simulations of kinetic-Alfvén turbulence that models plasma motion at small, sub-proton scales. The simulations, with numerical resolutions up to 20483 mesh points in the MHD case and 5123 points in kinetic-Alfvén case and statistics accumulated over 30 to 150 eddy turnover times, constitute, to the best of our knowledge, the largest statistical sample of steadily driven three dimensional MHD and kinetic-Alfvén turbulence to date.

Boldyrev, Stanislav; Perez, Jean Carlos; Mason, Joanne; Cattaneo, Fausto



On Producing Join Results Early [Extended Abstract  

E-print Network

On Producing Join Results Early [Extended Abstract] Jens-Peter Dittrich Bernhard Seeger Department of Mathematics and Computer Science University of Marburg Marburg, Germany David Scot Taylor Peter Widmayer Institute of Theoretical Computer Science ETH Z¨urich Z

Taylor, David Scot


On Producing Join Results Early [Extended Abstract  

E-print Network

On Producing Join Results Early [Extended Abstract] Jens­Peter Dittrich Bernhard Seeger Department of Mathematics and Computer Science University of Marburg Marburg, Germany seeger@mathematik.uni­ David Scot Taylor # Peter Widmayer Institute of Theoretical Computer Science ETH Z Ë? urich Z Ë? urich

Taylor, David Scot


Hydatidiform mole resulting from sexual violence  

PubMed Central

Background Hydatidiform mole (HM) is characterized by abnormal proliferation of human trophoblast with producers functioning tissues of human chorionic gonadotropin. It can evolve with ovarian cysts tecaluteínicos, hypertension of pregnancy or hyperthyroidism. The incidence of HM is variable and its etiology poorly known, associated with nutritional factors, environmental, age, parity, history of HM, oral contraceptives, smoking, consanguinity or defects in germ cells. There is no reference in literature on HM resulting from sexual violence, objective of this report. Method Description of two cases of HM among 1146 patients with pregnancy resulting from sexual violence treated at Hospital Pérola Byington, São Paulo, from July 1994 to August 2011. Results The cases affected young, white, unmarried, low educated and low parity women. Sexual violence was perpetrated by known offenders unrelated to the victims, under death threat. Ultrasound and CT of the pelvis showed bulky uterus compatible with HM without myometrial invasion. One case was associated with theca lutein cysts. The two cases were diagnosed in the second trimester of pregnancy and evolved with hyperthyroidism. There was no hypertension, disease recurrence, metastasis or sexually transmitted infection. Conclusion The incidence of HM was 1:573 pregnancies resulting from rape, within the range estimated for Latin American countries. Trophoblastic material can be preserved to identify the violence perpetrator, considering only the paternal HM chromosomes. History of sexual violence should be investigated in cases of HM in the first half of adolescence and women in a vulnerable condition. PMID:22353179



Analytical results for operational flash flood guidance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The theoretical basis of developing operational flash flood guidance systems is studied using analytical methods. The Sacramento soil moisture accounting model is used operationally in the United States to produce flash flood guidance estimates of a given duration from threshold runoff estimates. Analytical results to (a) shed light on the properties of this model's short-term surface runoff predictions under substantial

Konstantine P. Georgakakos



Abstracts, Third Space Processing Symposium, Skylab results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Skylab experiments results are reported in abstracts of papers presented at the Third Space Processing Symposium. Specific areas of interest include: exothermic brazing, metals melting, crystals, reinforced composites, glasses, eutectics; physics of the low-g processes; electrophoresis, heat flow, and convection demonstrations flown on Apollo missions; and apparatus for containerless processing, heating, cooling, and containing materials.



Enhancing Peer Review Survey Results Report  

E-print Network

Enhancing Peer Review Survey Results Report Published May 2013 #12;1 | E n h a n c i n g P e e r R Review surveys, conducted in spring 2012, elicited opinions about the NIH peer surveys were conducted, focusing on areas that represent core peer review

Bandettini, Peter A.


The Lake Baikal Experiment: Selected Results  

E-print Network

We review the present status of the Baikal Neutrino Project. The construction and performance of the large deep underwater Cherenkov detector NT-200 with 192 PMTs, which is currently taking data in Lake Baikal, are described. Some results from intermediate detector stages are presented.

Baikal Collaboration; presented by Zh. Dzhilkibaev



Lattice Animals: Rigorous Results and Wild Guesses  

E-print Network

Lattice Animals: Rigorous Results and Wild Guesses S.G. Whittington and C.E. Soteros 1 must di#er by unity in exactly one coordinate. A bond animal is a connected subgraph of the lattice and a site animal is a connected section graph of the lattice. The distinction is that for each pair

Grimmett, Geoffrey


New enumerative results on twodimensional directed animals  

E-print Network

New enumerative results on two­dimensional directed animals Mireille Bousquet­M'elou \\Lambda La@labri.u­ Abstract We list several open problems concerning the enumeration of directed animals on two the position generating function and the perimeter and area generating function for square lattice animals. We

Bousquet-Mélou, Mireille


Subtalar arthroscopy: indications, technique and results.  


The emergence of subtalar arthroscopy has improved the understanding and accuracy of diagnosing several hindfoot pathologic conditions, in particular, sinus tarsi syndrome. Subtalar arthroscopy has evolved into a useful diagnostic and therapeutic tool. The surgeon's experience is still essential to achieve good results. This article reviews the clinical indications, surgical techniques, and outcomes of subtalar arthroscopy. PMID:25726486

Muñoz, Gerardo; Eckholt, Sergio



Exploring Alternative Approaches for Presenting Evaluation Results  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluators have an obligation to present clearly the results of their evaluative efforts. Traditionally, such presentations showcase formal written and oral reports, with dispassionate language and graphs, tables, quotes, and vignettes. These traditional forms do not reach all audiences nor are they likely to include the most powerful presentation…

Johnson, Jeremiah; Hall, Jori; Greene, Jennifer C.; Ahn, Jeehae



TIMSS 2011 International Results in Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "TIMSS 2011 International Results in Mathematics" summarizes fourth and eighth grade student achievement in each of the 63 countries and 14 benchmarking entities which participated in TIMSS 2011. The report includes trends in mathematics achievement over time for participants in the previous TIMSS 1995, 1999, 2003, and 2007…

Mullis, Ina V. S.; Martin, Michael O.; Foy, Pierre; Arora, Alka



Latest results from FROST at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

The spectrum of broad and overlapping nucleon excitations can be greatly clarified by use of a polarized photon beam incident on a polarized target in meson photoproduction experiments. At Jefferson Lab, a program of such measurements has made use of the Jefferson Lab FROzen Spin Target (FROST). An overview of preliminary results are presented.

Ritchie, Barry G. [Arizona State University



Common Lunar Lander (CLL) Engineering Study Results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information is given in viewgraph form on the Common Lunar Lander (CLL) engineering study results. The mission is to provide a delivery system to soft-land a 200 kg payload set at any given lunar latitude and longitude. Topics covered include the study schedule, mission goals and requirements, the CLL reference mission, costs, CLL options, and two stage performance analysis.

Stecklein, Jonette



New Results in Astrodynamics Using Genetic Algorithms  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Generic algorithms have gained popularity as an effective procedure for obtaining solutions to traditionally difficult space mission optimization problems. In this paper, a brief survey of the use of genetic algorithms to solve astrodynamics problems is presented and is followed by new results obtained from applying a Pareto genetic algorithm to the optimization of low-thrust interplanetary spacecraft missions.

Coverstone-Carroll, V.; Hartmann, J. W.; Williams, S. N.; Mason, W. J.



Recent Stirling engine loss-understanding results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

For several years, NASA and other U.S. government agencies have been funding experimental and analytical efforts to improve the understanding of Stirling thermodynamic losses. NASA's objective is to improve Stirling engine design capability to support the development of new engines for space power. An overview of these efforts was last given at the 1988 IECEC. Recent results of this research are reviewed.

Tew, Roy C.; Thieme, Lanny G.; Dudenhoefer, James E.



Unfavourable results in free tissue transfer  

PubMed Central

With recent advances in the instrumentation and with increased expertise the results of microvascular surgery are getting better. Complications though, cannot be completely avoided. This paper gives a brief introduction to the possible complications at various stages of free tissue transfer. With careful planning and execution and vigilant postoperative care the overall success rate can be improved. PMID:24501461

Koul, Ashok Raj; Patil, Rahul K.; Nahar, Sushil



Artemis: Results of the engineering feasibility study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information is given in viewgraph form for the Engineering Feasibility Study of the Artemis Project, a plan to establish a permanent base on the Moon. Topics covered include the Common Lunar Lander (CLL), lunar lander engineering study results, lunar lander trajectory analysis, lunar lander conceptual design and mass properties, the lunar lander communication subsystem design, and product assurance.




E-print Network

#12;ii PEANUT VARIETY AND QUALITY EVALUATION RESULTS 2011 II. Quality Data Maria Balota, Ph from the following institutions and organizations: SC PEANUT GROWERS NC STATE UNIVERSITY #12;ii Co., NC Mr. C. Fountain, Duplin Co., NC Commodity Groups Mr. D. Cotton, Virginia Peanut Board Mr. B

Liskiewicz, Maciej



E-print Network

#12;ii PEANUT VARIETY AND QUALITY EVALUATION RESULTS 2013 II. Quality Data Maria Balota, Ph. Isleib, Ph.D. Peanut Breeder North Carolina State University Shyam Tallury, Ph.D. Peanut Breeder Clemson Station NC State University Virginia Carolina Peanut Association South Carolina Peanut Growers North

Liskiewicz, Maciej


The MAGIC Experiment and Its First Results  

E-print Network

With its diameter of 17m, the MAGIC telescope is the largest Cherenkov detector for gamma ray astrophysics. It is sensitive to photons above an energy of 30 GeV. MAGIC started operations in October 2003 and is currently taking data. This report summarizes its main characteristics, its rst results and its potential for physics.

D. Bastieri; R. Bavikadi; C. Bigongiari; E. Bisesi; P. Boinee; A. De Angelis; B. De Lotto; A. Forti; T. Lenisa; F. Longo; O. Mansutti; M. Mariotti; A. Moralejo; D. Pascoli; L. Peruzzo; A. Saggion; P. Sartori; V. Scalzotto; The MAGIC collaboration



DARPA February 1992 ATIS benchmark test results  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper documents the third in a series of Benchmark Tests for the DARPA Air Travel Information System (ATIS) common task domain. The first results in this series were reported at the June 1990 Speech and Natural Language Workshop [1], and the second at the February 1991 Speech and Natural Language Workshop [2]. The February 1992 Benchmark Tests include: (1)

David S. Pallett; Nancy L. Dahlgren; Jonathan G. Fiscus; William M. Fisher; John S. Garofolo; Brett C. Tjaden



Broadband Heterodyne SIS Spectrometer Prototype: First Results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The broadband heterodyne SIS receiver system described elsewhere (reference 1) has been assembled and tested both in the laboratory and during two observing runs on the Cassegrain focus of the 10 meter telescope at the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory on Mauna Kea, Hawaii. Here we present a brief summary of the initial results.

Rice, F.; LeDuc, H.; Harris, A.; Hu, S.; Sumner, M.; Zmuidzinas, J.



Test Results Untrustworthy. Point of View Essay  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

America's public schools are making harmful, irreversible decisions based on test results that--in an increasing number of cases--can't be trusted, Arizona State University's Education Policy Research Laboratory has found. The pressure of high-stakes tests is forcing school districts and state Departments of Education to take inappropriate and at…

Berliner, David C.; Nichols, Sharon L.



Varietal Trials Results Wheat, Hard Red Winter  

E-print Network

Varietal Trials Results Wheat, Hard Red Winter 47 Winter wheat varieties were compared in trial plots at Crookston, Lamberton, Roseau and St. Paul. Wheat varieties were grown in replicated plots. These winter wheat trials are not designed for crop (species) compar- isons because the various crops are grown

Thomas, David D.


Signaling in Dynamic Contests: Some Impossibility Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

General signaling results in dynamic Tullock contests have been missing for long. The reason is the tractability of the problems. In this paper, an uninformed contestant with valuation vx competes against an informed opponent with valuation, either high vh or low vl. We show that; (i) When the hierarchy of valuations is vh ≥ vx ≥ vl, there is no

Antonio Osório



Recruiting for Results: Assessment Skills and the  

E-print Network

Recruiting for Results: Assessment Skills and the Academic Library Job Market Megan Oakleaf of Assessment and Planning provides leadership and vision for the Libraries assessment and planning activities? Recruitment of assessment-savvy professionals into academic libraries? #12;Learning from Instruction

Oakleaf, Megan


Confidence Intervals: Giving Meaning to your results  

E-print Network

Confidence Intervals: Giving Meaning to your results Eric Gilleland · What does RMSE Testing and Confidence Intervals · Hypothesis testing ­ Given a null hypothesis (e.g., "Model forecast a single null hypothesis. · Confidence intervals ­ Related to hypothesis tests, but more useful. ­ How

Gilleland, Eric


Dual-Science-Career Couples: Survey Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

this article, we present the results of a survey on this subject that we conducted overthe World Wide Web in 1998. We asked about the experiences of physicist (and otherscientist) couples in finding employment for both partners in the same location, and aboutsolutions that had proved successful. From the responses, we are able to describe thevarious ways in which the

Laurie Mcneil


Recent Results in Symmetry Breaking Justin Pearson  

E-print Network

Recent Results in Symmetry Breaking Justin Pearson Uppsala University May 27, 2009 Justin Pearson Andrews), Pascal Van Hentenryck (Brown), Tom Kelsey (St Andrws), Steve Linton (St Andrews), Justin Pearson (Uppsala), Colva M. Roney-Dougal (St Andrews), Meinolf Sellmann (Brown), and Magnus °Agren (Uppsala) Justin

Flener, Pierre


Statistical Literacy and Sample Survey Results  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sample surveys are widely used in the social sciences and business. The news media almost daily quote from them, yet they are widely misused. Using students with prior managerial experience embarking on an MBA course, we show that common sample survey results are misunderstood even by those managers who have previously done a statistics course. In…

McAlevey, Lynn; Sullivan, Charles



Results from the MAC Vertex chamber  

SciTech Connect

The design, construction, and performance characteristics of a high precision gaseous drift chamber made of thin walled proportional tubes are described. The device achieved an average spatial resolution of 45 in use for physics analysis with the MAC detector. The B-lifetime result obtained with this chamber is discussed.

Nelson, H.N.



Gamma Ray Bursts and recent Swift Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to the large activity we had during these last months with the Swift satellite I started the writing of the presentation I gave at the SAIt Catania meeting only in the middle of September. The Swift satellite, however, never rested. Since then and in addition to the results I showed at the meeting in relation to the early and

G. Chincarini



Recent work and results on sparrow project  

SciTech Connect

This briefing describes recent work undertaken on the Sparrow Project and results of this work. It describes experiments comparing the use of Genie with 2 classes with 3 classes for the problem of ship delineation. It also describes some preliminary work in the area of the optimization of segmentation techniques.

Harvey, Neal R [Los Alamos National Laboratory



On caching search engine query results  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we explore the problem of Caching of Search Engine Query Results in order to reduce the computing and I\\/O requirements needed to support the functionality of a search engine of the World Wide Web.We study query traces from the EXCITE search engine and show that they have a significant amount of temporal locality that is, a significant

Evangelos P. Markatos



CDMA digital cellular: field test results  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents results from field tests of the CDMA system developed by Qualcomm, Incorporated. The CDMA system, now EIA\\/TIA digital standard IS-95, has undergone extensive field tests since its early inception. The latest series of technical tests was conducted in San Diego, California by Qualcomm in cooperation with several cellular carriers and equipment manufacturers during the month of August

Roberto Padovani; Brian Butler; Robert Boesel



E-Learning: Managing for Results.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses advantages of electronic learning for business, including cost benefits, administrative benefits, and instructional benefits. Considers the increase in electronic learning to cut back on business travel since the September 11th attacks and offers guidelines to achieve business results with electronic learning, including linking learning…

Cook, James R.; Heacock, William B.



Multifactor Screener in OPEN: Validation Results

These validation results suggest that dietary exposure estimates computed from the Multifactor Screener may be useful to compare subgroup means, especially for populations consuming mainstream diets. The estimates may be less useful for populations with more ethnic diets, including Asian and possibly Latino populations.



Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present some results about the finite dimensional Lie p-algebras L and some properties of the Frattini p-subalgebra of L. In addition, some properties of E-algebra and E-p- algebra are pointed out.



Testing alleged mediumship: Methods and results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mediums claim to be able to communicate with the deceased. Such claims attract a considerable amount of public interest and, if valid, have important implications for many areas of psychology. For over 100 years, researchers have tested alleged mediums. This work has obtained mixed results and provoked a considerable amount of methodological debate. This paper reviews the key issues in

Ciarán O'Keeffe; Richard Wiseman



Results from Atmospheric Neutrinos J. G. Learned  

E-print Network

Results from Atmospheric Neutrinos J. G. Learned Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Hawaii Honolulu, HI 96822 USA Abstract. With the announcement of new evidence for muon neutrino disappearance observed by the Super­ Kamiokande experiment, the more than a decade old atmospheric neutrino

Learned, John


Presentation of Institutional Results Reports, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The Illinois Commitment: Partnerships, Opportunities, and Excellence" requires an annual submission of a Results Report from higher education institutions and agencies to provide evidence of progress toward the six statewide goals: economic growth, teaching and learning, affordability, access and diversity, high expectations and quality, and…

Illinois State Board of Higher Education, Springfield.


Combating Stigma Resulting from Deformity and Disease.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarized are the proceedings of a seminar concerned with methods of combating stigma resulting from facial disfigurement, epilepsy, cerebral palsy, and leprosy. The purpose was to determine how theories about stigma can help in the development of new methods of public education in order to change public attitudes and reduce social stigma.…

Leonard Wood Memorial for the Eradication of Leprosy, New York, NY.


Superfund Dredging Restoration Results in Widespread Regional  

E-print Network

, Albany, New York 12233 A nickel-cadmium battery factory released about 53 tons of mostly cadmium York City. During the period 1953-1979 a battery factory released about 53 T of nickel-cadmium wasteSuperfund Dredging Restoration Results in Widespread Regional Reduction in Cadmium in Blue Crabs J

Levinton, Jeffrey



EPA Science Inventory

The Agricultural Health Study/Pesticide Exposure Study (AHS/PES) measured exposures resulting from agricultural use of 2,4-D and chlorpyrifos for a subset of applicators in the AHS cohort. Through on-farm measurements and observations, data collected in the exposure study will...


Wafer fusion: materials issues and device results  

Microsoft Academic Search

A large number of novel devices have been recently demonstrated using wafer fusion to integrate materials with different lattice constants. In many cases, devices created using this technique have shown dramatic improvements over those which maintain a single lattice constant. We present device results and characterizations of the fused interface between several groups of materials

A. Black; A. R. Hawkins; N. M. Margalit; D. I. Babic; Y.-L. Chang; P. Abraham; J. E. Bowers; E. L. Hu



Autograft meniscus replacement: Experimental and clinical results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of the risks related to allograft meniscus replacement an attempt was made to replace the medial meniscus by autograft tissue. In animal experiments the free middle third of the patellar tendon was transformed to a meniscus-like structure within one year after insertion. Early arthroscopic results after autograft meniscus replacement in a clinical series comprising 20 patients are promising.

D. Kohn



Simulation results on project completion time  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to the PERT method, a project length is normally distributed with a mean equal to the mean of the critical path. The expected length of the critical path is the sum of the expected activitiespsila durations of that path. Risks, as a result of project delays are calculated based on the normal approximation to the project length. During the

Amnon Gonen



Animation of finite element models and results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This is not intended as a complete review of computer hardware and software that can be used for animation of finite element models and results, but is instead a demonstration of the benefits of visualization using selected hardware and software. The role of raw computational power, graphics speed, and the use of videotape are discussed.

Lipman, Robert R.



Milestone M4900: Simulant Mixing Analytical Results  

SciTech Connect

This report addresses Milestone M4900, ''Simulant Mixing Sample Analysis Results,'' and contains the data generated during the ''Mixing of Process Heels, Process Solutions, and Recycle Streams: Small-Scale Simulant'' task. The Task Technical and Quality Assurance Plan for this task is BNF-003-98-0079A. A report with a narrative description and discussion of the data will be issued separately.

Kaplan, D.I.



Electrifying results ERP data and cognitive linguistics  

E-print Network

Electrifying results ERP data and cognitive linguistics Seana Coulson 1. Introduction Have you ever used to address issues in cognitive linguistics, and Section 5 points to a number of ways that this technique could be further employed by cognitive linguists. 2. EEG and ERPs Work on the cognitive

Coulson, Seana


New results for the SQCD Hilbert series  

E-print Network

We derive new explicit results for the Hilbert series of N=1 supersymmetric QCD with U(N_c) and SU(N_c) color symmetry. We use two methods which have previously been applied to similar computational problems in the analysis of decay of unstable D-branes: expansions using Schur polynomials, and the log-gas approach related to random matrix theory.

Niko Jokela; Matti Jarvinen; Esko Keski-Vakkuri



COACHE Survey Results Faculty of Dentistry  

E-print Network

COACHE Survey Results Faculty of Dentistry March 26, 2014 #12;The COACHE Survey · Collaborative Satisfaction #12;Dentistry 72.7% #12;Dentistry: 72.8% #12;Dentistry: 91.9% Dentistry 91% #12;Leadership #12;Communication of Priorities Dentistry Dean 36.4% #12;Stated Priorities Dentistry Dean 27.3% #12;Dentistry Dean

Toronto, University of


StaffSurveyAnalysisResults October2012  

E-print Network

/ Service and Maintenance Other Job Recognition and Satisfaction 1. I believe that I am fairly compensated submitted by Staff Senators with the aim of measuring the work environment and satisfaction wide) Results of each of the questions in the three topic areas are presented below (Likert scale: SA

Dasgupta, Dipankar


Exact Results for Nonsymmetric Token Ring Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper derives exact results for a token ring system with exhaustive or gated service. There areNnodes on the ring and control is passed sequentially from one to the next. Messages with random lengths arrive at each node and are placed on the ring when the control arrives at that node. Exhaustive service means that the queue at a node

M. J. Ferguson; Y. J. Aminetzah



Validation Results for LEWICE 2.0  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A research project is underway at NASA Lewis to produce a computer code which can accurately predict ice growth under any meteorological conditions for any aircraft surface. This report will present results from version 2.0 of this code, which is called LEWICE. This version differs from previous releases due to its robustness and its ability to reproduce results accurately for different spacing and time step criteria across computing platform. It also differs in the extensive amount of effort undertaken to compare the results in a quantified manner against the database of ice shapes which have been generated in the NASA Lewis Icing Research Tunnel (IRT). The results of the shape comparisons are analyzed to determine the range of meteorological conditions under which LEWICE 2.0 is within the experimental repeatability. This comparison shows that the average variation of LEWICE 2.0 from the experimental data is 7.2% while the overall variability of the experimental data is 2.5%.

Wright, William B.; Rutkowski, Adam



Exact Results in Supersymmetric Gauge Theories  

E-print Network

In this thesis we discuss supersymmetric gauge theories, focusing on exact results achieved using methods of integrability. For the larger portion of the thesis we study the N=4 super Yang-Mills theory in the planar limit, a recurring topic being the Konishi anomalous dimension, which is roughly the analogue for the mass of the proton in quantum chromodynamics. The N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory is known to be integrable in the planar limit, which opens up a wealth of techniques one can employ in order to find results in this limit valid at any value of the coupling. We begin with perturbation theory where the integrability of the theory first manifests itself. Here we showcase the first exact result, the so-called slope function, which is the linear small spin expansion coefficient of the generalized Konishi anomalous dimension. We then move on to exact results mainly achieved using the novel quantum spectral curve approach, the method allowing one to find scaling dimensions of operators at arbitrary v...

Valatka, Saulius



Exact Results in Supersymmetric Gauge Theories  

E-print Network

In this thesis we discuss supersymmetric gauge theories, focusing on exact results achieved using methods of integrability. For the larger portion of the thesis we study the N=4 super Yang-Mills theory in the planar limit, a recurring topic being the Konishi anomalous dimension, which is roughly the analogue for the mass of the proton in quantum chromodynamics. The N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory is known to be integrable in the planar limit, which opens up a wealth of techniques one can employ in order to find results in this limit valid at any value of the coupling. We begin with perturbation theory where the integrability of the theory first manifests itself. Here we showcase the first exact result, the so-called slope function, which is the linear small spin expansion coefficient of the generalized Konishi anomalous dimension. We then move on to exact results mainly achieved using the novel quantum spectral curve approach, the method allowing one to find scaling dimensions of operators at arbitrary values of the coupling. As an example we find the second coefficient in the small spin expansion after the slope, which we call the curvature function. This allows us to extract non-trivial information about the Konishi operator. Methods of integrability are also applicable to other supersymmetric gauge theories such as ABJM, which in fact shares many similarities with N=4 super Yang-Mills. We briefly review these parallel developments in the last chapter of the thesis.

Saulius Valatka



DO Results on Heavy Flavour Production  

SciTech Connect

This review is focused on DO results on hadron spectroscopy and on production cross sections: the contribution by DO to the understanding of the X(3872) object, the first observation of separated B** states, measurements of Bc meson properties, and eventually measurements of the inclusive {upsilon}(1S) differential cross section and of the tt-bar cross section.

Ripp-Baudot, Isabelle [IReS, IN2P3-CNRS, 23 Rue de Loess, F-67037 Strasbourg (France); Universite Louis Pasteur, 23 Rue de Loess, F-67037 Strasbourg (France)



Preliminary Youth Risk Behavior Survey Results--1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides the results of a 1993 survey of 2,684 New Hampshire high school students in regard to risk taking, personal violence, suicide, tobacco use, alcohol abuse, drug abuse, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) education, sexual activity, nutrition, and exercise. It found that in the preceding 30 days, 10.8 percent of students…

Johnson, Joyce, Comp.


Results from the Winogradsky Column Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page features research results from a student project involving Winogradsky Columns constructed using sandy sediment and water collected from an estuary in Massachusetts. The page includes high-resolution images of the columns and profiles of hydrogen sulfide and methane versus depth.

Semester in Environmental Science


Selected results for LDEF thermal control coatings  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Several different thermal control coatings were analyzed as part of the Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) Materials Special Investigation Group activity and as part of the Space Environment Effects on Spacecraft Materials Experiment M0003. A brief discussion of the results obtained for these materials is presented.

Golden, Johnny L.



Some recent results on evaluating Feynman integrals  

E-print Network

Some recent results on evaluating Feynman integrals are reviewed. The status of the method based on Mellin-Barnes representation as a powerful tool to evaluate individual Feynman integrals is characterized. A new method based on Groebner bases to solve integration by parts relations in an automatic way is described.

V. A. Smirnov



N Physics at MAMI — Results and Perspectives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New measurements of transverse target and beam-target asymmetries in pion photo-production were performed using the Crystal Ball at the Mainz Microtron MAMI. Preliminary results are discussed in the context of model-independent partial wave analyses for pseudo-scalar meson photo-production below Ecm = 2 GeV.

Ostrick, Michael



Extrasolar Planets Lecture 4: Discoveries & Results  

E-print Network

Extrasolar Planets Lecture 4: Discoveries & Results Prof. Quentin A Parker ASTR178 - other worlds; More than 400 extrasolar planets! Over 25 systems with more than one planet Systems similar to our: planets and planetary systems 1 #12;ASTR178 - other worlds: planets and planetary systems 2 #12;ASTR178

Parker, Quentin A.


Returned Solar Max hardware degradation study results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Solar Maximum Repair Mission returned with the replaced hardware that had been in low Earth orbit for over four years. The materials of this returned hardware gave the aerospace community an opportunity to study the realtime effects of atomic oxygen, solar radiation, impact particles, charged particle radiation, and molecular contamination. The results of these studies are summarized.

Triolo, Jack J.; Ousley, Gilbert W.




E-print Network

REPRESENTATION­DIRECTED DIAMONDS PETER DR Ë? AXLER 1. Introduction and Main Result Following [Ri2] a (right) module D over an associative ring A said to be a diamond provided it has a simple essential submodule and a superfluous maximal submodule. Obviously any diamond is indecomposable. If A happens

Bielefeld, University of


Climate from dendrochronology: latest developments and results  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review deals with the latest developments in dendroclimatology focused on climate reconstruction. It presents results from research carried out during the period 1992–2001, when both the geographical and chronological extension of tree-ring data were greatly improved. Research projects are presently being carried out in nearly all the main forest land areas of the Subarctic and Subantarctic zones, outside the

Nicoletta Martinelli




Microsoft Academic Search

Results of recent infrasound avalanche monitoring studies have advanced technological capabilities and provided further understanding of technological challenges. Avalanche identification performance of single sensor monitoring systems varies according to ambient noise and signal levels. While single sensor signal processing algorithms can identify avalanche activity, uncertainties (missed detections and false alarms) increase with increasing wind noise, and as signal levels decrease

Ernest D. Scott; Christopher T. Hayward; Robert F. Kubichek; Jerry C. Hamann; John W. Pierre


Recent results from the Crystal Ball experiment  

SciTech Connect

Several recent analyses from the Crystal Ball collaboration are reviewed. The major topics discussed are the search for new states in radiative UPSILON(1S) decays, the search for lepton number-violating and inclusive eta decay modes of the tau, and results from ..gamma gamma.. physics.

Lowe, S.T.



Mars Pathfinder, Science Results, Geology and Geomorphology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This NASA-hosted site is a section of the Mars Pathfinder Science Results Directory with a specific emphasis on the geologic and geomorphic characteristics observed. Many photos and satellite images are available, with the option to view and download full size images. Scientific theories are offered as to the probable geomorphic agents sculpting Mars' surface.


Hepatic toxicity resulting from cancer treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Radiation-induced liver disease (RILD), often called radiation hepatitis, is a syndrome characterized by the development of anicteric ascites approximately 2 weeks to 4 months after hepatic irradiation. There has been a renewed interest in hepatic irradiation because of two significant advances in cancer treatment: three dimensional radiation therapy treatment planning and bone marrow transplantation using total body irradiation. RILD resulting

Theodore S. Lawrence; John M. Robertson; Mitchell S. Anscher; Randy L. Jirtle; William D. Ensminger; Luis F. Fajardo



Results of the Workshop on Impact Cratering  

E-print Network

Results of the Workshop on Impact Cratering: Bridging the Gap Between Modeling and Observations Transcripts of Discussion Sessions and Selected Talks Abstracts Calculation of Planetary Impact Cratering and Applications to Impact Cratering H. Ai and T. J. Ahrens The Evolution of Oblique Impact Flow Fields Using

Rathbun, Julie A.


ATLAS RPC QA results at INFN Lecce  

SciTech Connect

The main results of the quality assurance tests performed on the Resistive Plate Chamber used by the ATLAS experiment at LHC as muon trigger chambers are reported and discussed. These are dark current, gas volume tomography, gas tightness, efficiency, and noise rate.

Bianco, M.; Cazzato, A.; Coluccia, M. R.; Gorini, E.; Spagnolo, S.; Tassielli, G. [Dipartimento di Fisica - via Arnesano 73100, Lecce (Italy); INFN - via Arnesano 73100, Lecce (Italy); Borjanovic, I. [Dipartimento di Fisica - via Arnesano 73100, Lecce (Italy); Cataldi, G.; Chiodini, G.; Creti, P.; Grancagnolo, F.; Perrino, R.; Primavera, M.; Ventura, A. [INFN - via Arnesano 73100, Lecce (Italy)



New results on the composition of comets  

E-print Network

New results on the composition of comets Dominique Bockel'ee­Morvan and Jacques Crovisier Observatoire de Paris­Meudon, F­92195 Meudon, France 0.1 Introduction Comets are likely the most pristine nebula chemistry ([23]). In the former case, the origin of comets could be searched in the cold stages

Demoulin, Pascal


First Results from the TOTEM Experiment  

E-print Network

The first physics results from the TOTEM experiment are here reported, concerning the measurements of the total, differential elastic, elastic and inelastic pp cross-section at the LHC energy of $\\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV, obtained using the luminosity measurement from CMS. A preliminary measurement of the forward charged particle $\\eta$ distribution is also shown.

G. Latino; G. Antchev; P. Aspell; I. Atanassov; V. Avati; J. Baechler; V. Berardi; M. Berretti; E. Bossini; M. Bozzo; P. Brogi; E. Brucken; A. Buzzo; F. Cafagna; M. Calicchio; M. G. Catanesi; C. Covault; T. Csorgo; M. Deile; K. Eggert; V. Eremin; R. Ferretti; F. Ferro; A. Fiergolski; F. Garcia; S. Giani; V. Greco; L. Grzanka; J. Heino; T. Hilden; M. R. Intonti; J. Kaspar; J. Kopal; V. Kundrat; K. Kurvinen; S. Lami; R. Lauhakangas; T. Leszko; E. Lippmaa; M. Lokajicek; M. Lo Vetere; F. Lucas Rodriguez; M. Macri; L. Magaletti; A. Mercadante; S. Minutoli; F. Nemes; H. Niewiadomski; E. Oliveri; F. Oljemark; R. Orava; M. Oriunno; K. Osterberg; P. Palazzi; J. Prochazka; M. Quinto; E. Radermacher; E. Radicioni; F. Ravotti; E. Robutti; L. Ropelewski; G. Ruggiero; H. Saarikko; G. Sanguinetti; A. Santroni; A. Scribano; W. Snoeys; J. Sziklai; C. Taylor; N. Turini; V. Vacek; M. Vitek; J. Welti; J. Whitmore



Irrigation customer survey procedures and results  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the statistical procedures, administrative procedures, and results of a telephone survey designed to collect primary data from individuals in the Pacific Northwest region who use electricity in irrigating agricultural crops. The project was intended to collect data useful for a variety of purposes, including conservation planning, load forecasting, and rate design.

Harrer, B.J.; Johnston, J.W.; Dase, J.E.; Hattrup, M.P.; Reed, G.



Martin Brinkmann Heavy Quark Results from HERA 1 Heavy Quark Results from HERA  

E-print Network

Martin Brinkmann Heavy Quark Results from HERA 1 Heavy Quark Results from HERA Martin Brinkmann, Hamburg University for the H1 and ZEUS Collaborations Introduction Open charm results Open beauty measurements Structure Functions and Conclusion F2 bb F2 cc #12;Martin


Results of laser ranging collocations during 1983  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of laser ranging collocations is to compare the ability of two satellite laser ranging systems, located in the vicinity of one another, to measure the distance to an artificial Earth satellite in orbit over the sites. The similar measurement of this distance is essential before a new or modified laser system is deployed to worldwide locations in order to gather the data necessary to meet the scientific goals of the Crustal Dynamics Project. In order to be certain the laser systems are operating properly, they are periodically compared with each other. These comparisons or collocations are performed by locating the lasers side by side when they track the same satellite during the same time or pass. The data is then compared to make sure the lasers are giving essentially the same range results. Results of the three collocations performed during 1983 are given.

Kolenkiewicz, R.



Genomic Screening with RNAi: Results and Challenges  

PubMed Central

RNA interference (RNAi) is an effective tool for genome-scale, high-throughput analysis of gene function. In the past five years, a number of genome-scale RNAi high-throughput screens (HTSs) have been done in both Drosophila and mammalian cultured cells to study diverse biological processes, including signal transduction, cancer biology, and host cell responses to infection. Results from these screens have led to the identification of new components of these processes and, importantly, have also provided insights into the complexity of biological systems, forcing new and innovative approaches to understanding functional networks in cells. Here, we review the main findings that have emerged from RNAi HTS and discuss technical issues that remain to be improved, in particular the verification of RNAi results and validation of their biological relevance. Furthermore, we discuss the importance of multiplexed and integrated experimental data analysis pipelines to RNAi HTS. PMID:20367032

Mohr, Stephanie; Bakal, Chris; Perrimon, Norbert



Pulsar interpretation for the AMS-02 result  

E-print Network

The AMS-02 collaboration has just published a high precision measurement of the cosmic positron fraction $e^+/(e^- + e^+)$, which rises with energy from $\\sim 5$ GeV to $\\sim 350$ GeV. The result indicates the existence of primary electron/positron sources to account for the positron excess. In this work, we investigate the possibility that the nearby mature pulsars are the primary positron sources. By fitting the data we find that the positrons from a single nearby pulsar, such as Geminga or Monogem, with the spectral index $\\alpha \\sim 2$ can interpret the AMS-02 result. We also investigate the possibility that high energy positrons are generated by multiple known pulsars in the ATNF catalogue. Such a scenario can also fit the AMS-02 data well. Future precise measurements of fine structures in the positron spectrum would be a support to the pulsar scenario.

Peng-Fei Yin; Zhao-Huan Yu; Qiang Yuan; Xiao-Jun Bi



Submillimetre observations of galaxies. I - First results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the first results from a program of millimeter and submillimeter observations of galaxies using the UKT14 photometer at the JCMT. Three of the five objects discussed here are detected at 450 microns, and most at 800 microns as well. We perform fits to the dust spectrum for these objects, and find that dust temperatures of 28-35 K with a nu-squared emissivity law give the best results. We also investigate the beam corrections that would need to be made if the cool dust distribution were extended, and find that it is possible to hide a substantial amount of cold dust from our observations if this is the case. Future observations using bolometer arrays or large-beam instruments will be necessary to determine whether such a large cold component is actually present.

Clements, D. L.; Andreani, P.; Chase, S. T.



Environmental management system objectives & targets results summary :  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexicos (SNL/NM) Environmental Management System is the integrated approach for members of the workforce to identify and manage environmental risks. Each Fiscal Year (FY) SNL/NM performs an analysis to identify environmental aspects, and the environmental programs associated with them are charged with the task of routinely monitoring and measuring the objectives and targets that are established to mitigate potential impacts of SNL/NMs operations on the environment. An annual summary of the results achieved towards meeting established Sandia Corporation and SNL/NM Site-specific objectives and targets provides a connection to, and rational for, annually revised environmental aspects. The purpose of this document is to summarize the results achieved and documented in FY2013.

Vetter, Douglas Walter



An investigation of false positive dosimetry results  

SciTech Connect

The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) is a facility designed for the demonstration of the safe disposal of transuranic waste. Currently, the radiation source term is confined to sealed calibration and check sources since WIPP has not received waste for disposal. For several years the WIPP Dosimetry Group has operated a Harshaw Model 8800C reader to analyze Harshaw 8801-7776 thermoluminescent cards (3 TLD-700 and 1 TLD-600) with 8805 holder. The frequency of false positive results for quarterly dosimeter exchanges is higher than desired by the Dosimetry Group management. Initial observations suggested that exposure to intense ambient sunlight may be responsible for the majority of the false positive readings for element 3. A study was designed to investigate the possibility of light leaking through the holder and inducing a signal in element 3. This paper discusses the methods and results obtained, with special emphasis placed on recommendations to reduce the frequency of light-induced false positive readings.

Lewandowski, M.A.; Davis, S.A.; Goff, T.E.; Wu, C.F.



RHIC Results on J/Psi  

E-print Network

Quarkonia ($J/\\psi$, $\\psi$', $\\Upsilon$) production provides a sensitive probe of gluon distributions and their modification in nuclei; and is a leading probe of the hot-dense (deconfined) matter created in high-energy collisions of heavy ions. We will discuss the current understanding of the production process and of the cold-nuclear-matter effects that modify this production in nuclei in the context of recent p+p and p(d)+A quarkonia measurements. Then we will review the latest results for nucleus-nucleus collisions from RHIC, and together with the baseline results from d+A and p+p collisions, discuss several alternative explanations for the observed suppressions and future prospects for distinguishing these different pictures.

M. J. Leitch



Performance results for a hybrid coding system.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Results of computer simulation studies of the hybrid pull-up bootstrap decoding algorithm, using a constraint length 24, nonsystematic, rate 1/2 convolutional code for the symmetric channel with both binary and eight-level quantized outputs. Computational performance was used to measure the effect of several decoder parameters and determine practical operating constraints. Results reveal that the track length may be reduced to 500 information bits with small degradation in performance. The optimum number of tracks per block was found to be in the range from 7 to 11. An effective technique was devised to efficiently allocate computational effort and identify reliably decoded data sections. Long simulations indicate that a practical bootstrap decoding configuration has a computational performance about 1.0 dB better than sequential decoding and an output bit error rate about .0000025 near the R sub comp point.

Hoffman, L. B.



Some exact results for the exclusion process  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The asymmetric simple exclusion process (ASEP) is a paradigm for non-equilibrium physics that appears as a building block to model various low-dimensional transport phenomena, ranging from intracellular traffic to quantum dots. We review some recent results obtained for the system on a periodic ring by using the Bethe ansatz. We show that this method allows one to derive analytically many properties of the dynamics of the model such as the spectral gap and the generating function of the current. We also discuss the solution of a generalized exclusion process with N species of particles and explain how a geometric construction inspired from queuing theory sheds light on a matrix product representation technique that has been very fruitful for deriving exact results for the ASEP.

Mallick, Kirone



Two results on the digraph chromatic number  

E-print Network

It is known (Bollob\\'{a}s (1978); Kostochka and Mazurova (1977)) that there exist graphs of maximum degree $\\Delta$ and of arbitrarily large girth whose chromatic number is at least $c \\Delta / \\log \\Delta$. We show an analogous result for digraphs where the chromatic number of a digraph $D$ is defined as the minimum integer $k$ so that $V(D)$ can be partitioned into $k$ acyclic sets, and the girth is the length of the shortest cycle in the corresponding undirected graph. It is also shown, in the same vein as an old result of Erdos (1962), that there are digraphs with arbitrarily large chromatic number where every large subset of vertices is 2-colorable.

Harutyunyan, Ararat



SLS-1 flight experiments preliminary significant results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Spacelab Life Sciences-1 (SLS-1) is the first of a series of dedicated life sciences Spacelab missions designed to investigate the mechanisms involved in the physiological adaptation to weightlessness and the subsequent readaptation to 1 gravity (1 G). Hypotheses generated from the physiological effects observed during earlier missions led to the formulation of several integrated experiments to determine the underlying mechanisms responsible for the observed phenomena. The 18 experiments selected for flight on SLS-1 investigated the cardiovascular, cardiopulmonary, regulatory physiology, musculoskeletal, and neuroscience disciplines in both human and rodent subjects. The SLS-1 preliminary results gave insight to the mechanisms involved in the adaptation to the microgravity environment and readaptation when returning to Earth. The experimental results will be used to promote health and safety for future long duration space flights and, as in the past, will be applied to many biomedical problems encountered here on Earth.



[Carotid surgery, indications, results and perspectives].  


A series of 215 patients who had undergone 250 carotid artery operations were followed up for a mean of 30 months. Perioperative mortality was 2%, neurologic morbidity was 7% but with permanent sequelae in 1.39% of cases. Recurrence of stenosis was detected in 0.8% of patients but there were no cases of postoperative thrombosis. Indications for surgery were based on the existence of hemispheric ischemic accidents corresponding to the territory supplied by the artery operated upon, and on anatomic and evolutive arguments drawn from results of non-invasive review examinations: ultrasonography and Doppler. Results obtained: 81.9% of patients were asymptomatic after 30 months, appear to be superior to those of the natural history of carotid artery lesions. PMID:4056617

Kün, P; Battino, J; Cloarec, M; Witchitz, S; Vanet, R; Mergy, R



Recent B Physics Results from the Tevatron  

SciTech Connect

We review recent B physics results from the CDF and D0 experiments in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}(s) = 1.96 TeV. Using a data sample of 1.4-6.0 fb{sup -1} collected by the CDF II detector we present searches for New Physics in B{sub s} sector and some competitive results with B-factories in the B/charm sector. In the first category we report the BR in B{sub s} J/{Psi} f{sub 0}(980) decays and the time-integrated mixing probability ({bar {chi}}) of B mesons. In the second category BR and A{sub CP} in doubly Cabibbo-suppressed B{sup {+-}} D{sup 0} h{sup {+-}} decays and time-integrated CP violation in D{sup 0} {yields} h{sup +}h{sup -} are presented.

Behari, Satyajit



Results of steel containment vessel model test  

SciTech Connect

A series of static overpressurization tests of scale models of nuclear containment structures is being conducted by Sandia National Laboratories for the Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation of Japan and the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Two tests are being conducted: (1) a test of a model of a steel containment vessel (SCV) and (2) a test of a model of a prestressed concrete containment vessel (PCCV). This paper summarizes the conduct of the high pressure pneumatic test of the SCV model and the results of that test. Results of this test are summarized and are compared with pretest predictions performed by the sponsoring organizations and others who participated in a blind pretest prediction effort. Questions raised by this comparison are identified and plans for posttest analysis are discussed.

Luk, V.K.; Ludwigsen, J.S.; Hessheimer, M.F. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Komine, Kuniaki [Nuclear Power Engineering Corp., Tokyo (Japan); Matsumoto, Tomoyuki [Hitachi Ltd., Hitachi, Ibaraki (Japan); Costello, J.F. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)



An Overview of Recent Results from CLAS  

SciTech Connect

The unique capabilities of the CLAS detector to measure exclusive meson electroproduction off protons, with almost complete coverage of the final hadron phase space, has extended our knowledge of excited baryon structure. Consistent results from Np and Npp final states provide convincing evidence for reliable extraction of N* electrocouplings. Theoretical analyses of these results, using self-consistent dynamical calculations using an internal quark core and an external meson-baryon cloud suggest that meson-baryon dressing amplitudes need to be included. The meson-baryon dressing was already shown to be necessary to get agreement between calculations and data on the D resonance transition magnetic moment at low Q{sup 2}. Similarly, a new measurement of the transition magnetic moment for strange baryons also disagrees with quark models, suggesting the need for meson-baryon dressings. In the near future, the CLAS detector will be replaced with CLAS12, providing new high-precision data.

Kenneth Hicks



More results on oscillating edge-flames  

SciTech Connect

We examine a simple model of a side-anchored non-premixed edge-flame in order to gain insights into the oscillations that are sometimes observed in microgravity candle burning, flame-spread over liquids, etc. Previous results describe the role played by the Lewis number of the fuel, and the Damkoehler number, and here we examine both the effects of an on-edge and off-edge convective flow, and the effects of a heat sink. The on-edge flow and the heat sink tend to destabilize and the off-edge flow tends to stabilize, results consistent with our hypothesis regarding the genesis of the oscillations. (c) 2000 American Institute of Physics.

Buckmaster, J. [Department of Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 104 S. Wright Street, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)] [Department of Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 104 S. Wright Street, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Hegab, A. [Department of Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 104 S. Wright Street, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)] [Department of Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 104 S. Wright Street, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Jackson, T. L. [Center for the Simulation of Advanced Rockets, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1304 W. Springfield Avenue, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)] [Center for the Simulation of Advanced Rockets, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1304 W. Springfield Avenue, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)



$W/Z$ + jets results from CDF  

SciTech Connect

The CDF Collaboration has a comprehensive program of studying the production of vector bosons, W and Z, in association with energetic jets. Excellent understanding of the standard model W/Z+jets and W/Z+c,b-jets processes is of paramount importance for the top quark physics and for the Higgs boson and many new physics searches. We review the latest CDF results on Z-boson production in association with inclusive and b-quark jets, study of the p{sub T} balance in Z+jet events, and a measurement of the W+charm production cross section. The results are based on 4-5 fb{sup -1} of data and compared to various Monte Carlo and next-to-leading order perturbative QCD predictions.

Camarda, Stefano; /Barcelona, IFAE



Apollo 17 traverse gravimeter experiment /Preliminary results/  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Preliminary results of the traverse gravimeter experiment successfully performed during the Apollo 17 mission are discussed. An earth-moon gravity tie was established. On the basis of several readings, a gravity value of 162,695 + or - 5 mgal was obtained at the lunar-module landing site in the Taurus-Littrow valley. Free-air and Bouguer corrections were applied to the gravity data. The resultant Bouguer anomaly, analyzed with a two-dimensional approximation, shows a relative gravity maximum of about 25 to 30 mgal over the Taurus-Littrow valley. This maximum is interpreted in terms of a 1-km-thick block of basalt flow with a positive density contrast of 0.8 g/cu cm relative to the highland material on either side.

Talwani, M.; Kahle, H.-G.




SciTech Connect

The LSND experiment provides evidence for neutrino oscillations from both the primary {bar {nu}}{sub {mu}} {r_arrow} {bar {nu}}{sub e} oscillation search and the secondary {nu}{sub {mu}} {r_arrow} {nu}{sub e} oscillation search. At present, this remains the only evidence for appearance neutrino oscillations and implies that at least one neutrino has a mass greater than 0.4 eV/c{sup 2} and that neutrinos comprise more than 1% of the mass of the universe. The MiniBooNE experiment at Fermilab, which is presently under construction, will provide a definitive test of the LSND results, and if the neutrino oscillation results are confirmed, will make a precision measurement of the oscillation parameters.




New CUORICINO Results and the CUORE Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

CUORICINO is an array of 62 TeO2 bolometers with a total mass of 40.7 Kg (10.4 Kg of 130Te), the largest operating one for a cryogenic experiment. Organized as a 14 storey tower, it is meant as a slightly modified version of one of the 25 towers of the CUORE project, a proposed tightly packed array of 1000 TeO2 bolometers (750 kg of total mass of TeO2) for ultralow-background searches on neutrinoless double beta decay, cold dark matter, solar axions, and rare nuclear decays. CUORICINO data taking started on April 2003 at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS) and was stopped in November 2003 to repair the readout wiring system of the 62 bolometers. Detector performance and early background analysis results are reviewed. Preliminary results on ??(0?) of 130Te are presented. The expected performance and sensitivity of CUORE is also discussed.

Cremonesi, O.; Ardito, R.; Arnaboldi, C.; Artusa, D. R.; Avignone, F. T.; Balata, M.; Bandac, I.; Barucci, M.; Beeman, J.; Brofferio, C.; Bucci, C.; Capelli, S.; Capozzi, F.; Carbone, L.; Cebrian, S.; Creswick, R. J.; de Waard, A.; Dolinski, M.; Farach, H. A.; Ferroni, F.; Fiorini, E.; Frossati, G.; Gargiulo, C.; Giuliani, A.; Gorla, P.; Guardincelli, E.; Gutierrez, T.; Haller, E. E.; Irastorza, I. G.; Longo, E.; Maier, G.; Morganti, S.; Maruyama, R.; McDonald, R. J.; Morales, A.; Norman, E. B.; Nisi, S.; Nucciotti, A.; Olivieri, E.; Ottonello, P.; Pallavicini, M.; Palmieri, V.; Pasca, E.; Pavan, M.; Pedretti, M.; Pessina, G.; Pirro, S.; Previtali, E.; Quiter, B.; Risegari, L.; Rosenfeld, C.; Sangiorgio, S.; Sisti, M.; Smith, A. R.; Torres, L.; Ventura, G.; Xu, N.



Shashlik calorimeter Beam-test results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Results from an extensive study of nonprojective Shashlik calorimeter prototypes are reported. Nine (47 × 47 mm 2) towers were exposed to a high energy electron beam at CERN SPS and read out by silicon photodiodes followed by low noise preamplifiers. The main results are the measurements of the energy and shower position resolution and the angular resolution of the electron shower direction. The shower direction measurement is encouraging being in agreement at the tower center with a resolution of ??(mrad) = 70/? E (10 mrad for 50 GeV electrons). The uniformity of the calorimeter response is found to be better than ± 1%. The mean light yield measured in Shashlik towers equipped with Kuraray Y7 WLS fibres and aluminized at the front end of the tower is of the order of 13 photons/MeV.

Badier, J.; Busson, Ph.; Charlot, C.; Dobrzynski, L.; Tanaka, R.; Bordalo, P.; Ramos, S.; Bityukov, S.; Obraztsov, V.; Ostankov, A.; Zaitchenko, A.; Gninenko, S.; Guschin, E.; Issakov, V.; Mussienko, Y.; Semenjuk, I.



Percutaneous blood laser biostimulation: first clinical results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Intravascular and percutaneous irradiation of blood by low power light of He-Ne laser (wavelength 632.8 nm) is used for therapy of a wide range of diseases. Proof and optimization of photobiostimulation of human organism depends on the results of investigations in the following areas: (1) clarification of the physical and chemical mechanisms of biostimulation; (2) development of mathematical and physical methods of laser light dosimetry within tissues; and (3) accumulation of impartial clinical information. In the paper, a short survey of the hypotheses of red laser light biostimulating effect on blood is made, the problems of dosimetry during percutaneous laser treatment of blood are discussed and some results of clinical investigations are presented.

Utz, Sergei R.; Tuchin, Valery V.; Yaroslavsky, Ilya V.; Utz, Irina A.; Barabanov, Alexander Y.; Osintsev, Eugene Y.; Hamburg, A. L.; Skatin, A. L.; Sinichkin, Yurii P.



Five-Factor Screener: Validation Results

These validation results suggest that dietary exposure estimates computed for the 2005 NHIS Cancer Control Supplement (CCS) may be useful to compare subgroup means, especially for populations consuming mainstream diets. The estimates may be less useful for populations with more ethnic diets, including Asian and possibly Latino populations. Although significant error may be associated with these estimates of diet, we believe the exposure estimates still substantially reflect what individuals are actually consuming.


CHAMP Tracking and Accelerometer Data Analysis Results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The CHAMP (Challenging Minisatellite Payload) mission's unique combination of sensors and orbit configuration will enable unprecedented improvements in modeling and understanding the Earth's static gravity field and its temporal variations. CHAMP is the first of two missions (GRACE (Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment) to be launched in the later part of '01) that combine a new generation of GPS (Global Positioning System) receivers, a high precision three axis accelerometer, and star cameras for the precision attitude determination. In order to isolate the gravity signal for science investigations, it is necessary to perform a detailed reduction and analysis of the GPS and SLR tracking data in conjunction with the accelerometer and attitude data. Precision orbit determination based on the GPS and SLR (Satellite Laser Ranging) tracking data will isolate the orbit perturbations, while the accelerometer data will be used to distinguish the surface forces from those due to the geopotential (static, and time varying). In preparation for the CHAMP and GRACE missions, extensive modifications have been made to NASA/GSFC's GEODYN orbit determination software to enable the simultaneous reduction of spacecraft tracking (e.g. GPS and SLR), three axis accelerometer and precise attitude data. Several weeks of CHAMP tracking and accelerometer data have been analyzed and the results will be presented. Precision orbit determination analysis based on tracking data alone in addition to results based on the simultaneous reduction of tracking and accelerometer data will be discussed. Results from a calibration of the accelerometer will be presented along with the results from various orbit determination strategies. Gravity field modeling status and plans will be discussed.

Lemoine, Frank G.; Luthcke, S. B.; Rowlands, D. D.; Pavlis, D. E.; Colombo, O. L.; Ray, Richard D.; Thompson, B.; Nerem, R. S.; Williams, Teresa A.; Smith, David E. (Technical Monitor)



Recent results from Fermilab E791  

SciTech Connect

Fermilab E791 is a high statistics charm experiment using a 500 {ital GeV}/{ital c} {pi}{sup {minus}} beam incident on a segmented target. We present results based on one third of the 1991-1992 data, with particular emphasis on a search for the flavor changing neutral current decay {ital D}{sup +}{r_arrow}{pi}{sup +}{mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup {minus}}. {copyright} {ital 1995} {ital American} {ital Institute} {ital of} {ital Physics}.

Nguyen, A.; Aitala, E.M.; Amato, S.; Anjos, J.C.; Appel, J.A.; Aryal, M.; Ashery, D.; Banerjee, S.; Bediaga, I.; Blaylock, G.; Bracker, S.B.; Burchat, P.R.; Burnstein, R.A.; Carter, T.; Carvalho, H.S.; Costa, I.; Cremaldi, L.M.; Darling, C.; Denisenko, K.; Dubbs, T.; Fernandez, A.; Gagnon, P.; Gerson, S.; Gounder, K.; Granite, D.; Halling, M.; Herrera, G.; Hurwitz, G.; James, C.; Kasper, P.A.; Kwan, S.; Langs, D.C.; Leslie, J.; Lichtenstadt, J.; Lundberg, B.; MayTal-Beck, S.; Meadows, B.; de Mello Neto, J.R.T.; Milburn, R.H.; de Miranda, J.M.; Napier, A.; d`Oliveira, A.B.; Peng, K.C.; Perera, L.P.; Purohit, M.V.; Quinn, B.; Radeztsky, S.; Rafatian, A.; Reay, N.W.; Reidy, J.J.; dos Reis, A.C.; Rubin, H.A.; Santha, A.K.S.; Santoro, A.F.S.; Schwartz, A.; Sheaff, M.; O`Shaughnessy, K.; Sidwell, R.A.; Slaughter, A.J.; Smith, J.G.; Sokoloff, M.D.; Stanton, N.; Sugano, K.; Summers, D.J.; Takach, S.; Thorne, K.; Tripathi, A.K.; Watanabe, S.; Weiss, R.; Wiener, J.; Witchey, N.; Wolin, E.; Yi, D.; Zaliznyak, R.; Zhang, C.



PDX experimental results in FY82  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a detailed summary of the major experimental results of PDX in FY82 and represents the efforts of the entire PDX group. Topics covered include ..beta..-scaling and fishbone studies, fluctuations, disruptions, impurities and impurity transport, power handling, limiter conditioning, edge studies, plasma fueling, counter-injection, and diagnostic development. A less detailed version will appear as the FY82 PDX contribution to the PPPL Annual Report.

Kaye, S.M.; Bell, M.; Bol, K.; Bitter, M.; Buchenauer, D.; Budny, R.; Brau, K.; Crowley, T.; Davis, S.; Dylla, H.



Legrand BBBP Implementation Model Designed for Results  

E-print Network

of the Thrity-Fifth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 21-24, 2013 SUSTAINABILITY Process Changes Rancho Distribution Center Power Profiles for: ? Rechargeable fork Lifts ? Warehouse lighting Changing process reduced demand...SUSTAINABILITY Legrand North America Designed for Results BBBP Implementation Model Pete Horton, VP Business Development, Legrand/Watt Stopper Industrial Energy Technology Conference May 23, 2013 May 23, 20133 ESL-IE-13-05-21 Proceedings...

Horton, P.



Coaching your unit team for results.  


Communication and critical thinking skills are core to the coaching processes. Bringing the coaching role to the individual and team level at the bedside is the key to improved results in patient care, nurse retention, clinical performance including error reduction, negotiation, and staff empowerment. Application of coaching concepts where the nurse meets the patient insures the growth and effectiveness of a coaching culture. Clinical review, individual communication, and teamwork examples are explored as effective arenas for coaching at the unit level. PMID:12271765

Detmer, Sarah S



Validation Results for LEWICE 3.0  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A research project is underway at NASA Glenn to produce computer software that can accurately predict ice growth under any meteorological conditions for any aircraft surface. This report will present results from version 3.0 of this software, which is called LEWICE. This version differs from previous releases in that it incorporates additional thermal analysis capabilities, a pneumatic boot model, interfaces to computational fluid dynamics (CFD) flow solvers and has an empirical model for the supercooled large droplet (SLD) regime. An extensive comparison of the results in a quantifiable manner against the database of ice shapes and collection efficiency that have been generated in the NASA Glenn Icing Research Tunnel (IRT) has also been performed. The complete set of data used for this comparison will eventually be available in a contractor report. This paper will show the differences in collection efficiency between LEWICE 3.0 and experimental data. Due to the large amount of validation data available, a separate report is planned for ice shape comparison. This report will first describe the LEWICE 3.0 model for water collection. A semi-empirical approach was used to incorporate first order physical effects of large droplet phenomena into icing software. Comparisons are then made to every single element two-dimensional case in the water collection database. Each condition was run using the following five assumptions: 1) potential flow, no splashing; 2) potential flow, no splashing with 21 bin drop size distributions and a lift correction (angle of attack adjustment); 3) potential flow, with splashing; 4) Navier-Stokes, no splashing; and 5) Navier-Stokes, with splashing. Quantitative comparisons are shown for impingement limit, maximum water catch, and total collection efficiency. The results show that the predicted results are within the accuracy limits of the experimental data for the majority of cases.

Wright, William B.



Crystallization in space: Results and prospects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The results of studying crystallization in space are reviewed with focus on the growth of semiconductor and protein crystals. The history of the problem is considered, the influence of microgravity on the crystal growth is investigated, and the main experimental data on crystal growth in zero gravity are analyzed. The studies performed in this field at the Institute of Crystallography, Russian Academy of Sciences (IC RAS), are reviewed in detail.

Strelov, V. I.; Kuranova, I. P.; Zakharov, B. G.; Voloshin, A. E.



Klystron Life Results in Particle Accelerator Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on reports contributed by various particle accelerator sites, among them DESY, CERN, and LANL, Weibull life time characteristics have been calculated for the klystrons used at these institutions. Supported by evaluations of the technologies and the operational conditions involved, the results, sometimes surprising and unexpected, present material that can be valuable for logistic considerations, the planning of future accelerators, and naturally for the design of future klystrons.

Bohlen, Heinz



First results obtained by RUNJOB campaign  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report experimental results obtained by using a wide-gap type emulsion chamber flown in the first Japanese-Russo joint balloon project, called RUNJOB (RUssia-Nippon JOint Balloon-program). Two balloons were launched from Kamchatka in July 1995, and both were recovered successfully near the Volga River. The exposure time was 130 hours for the first flight and 168 hours for the second. The

E. Kamioka; A. V. Apanasenko; V. A. Berezovskaya; M. Fujii; T. Fukuda; M. Hareyama; G. Hashimoto; M. Ichimura; T. Kobayashi; V. Kopenkin; S. Kuramata; V. I. Lapshin; A. K. Managadze; H. Matsutani; N. P. Misnikova; T. Misu; R. A. Mukhamedshin; A. Nakamura; M. Namiki; H. Nanjo; S. I. Nikolsky; K. Ogura; S. Ohta; D. S. Oshuev; P. A. Publichencko; I. V. Rakobolskaya; T. M. Roganova; G. P. Sazhina; H. Semba; T. Shibata; T. Shiota; H. Sugimoto; L. G. Sveshnikova; V. M. Taran; Z. Watanabe; N. Yajima; T. Yamagami; I. V. Yashin; E. A. Zamchalova; G. T. Zatsepin; I. S. Zayarnaya



Recent results from CERN-WA98  

SciTech Connect

The CERN experiment WA98 is a general-survey, open-spectrometer experiment designed to examine 160 A GeV/c Pb+A collisions at the CERN-SPS. The experiment has a broad physics agenda, as suggested by its many different subsystems. A diagram of the experiment as it stood in 1995 is shown in the report. Detectors whose results are presented here are described briefly.

Stankus, P.; WA98 Collaboration



Medulloblastoma: treatment results with radiation therapy  

SciTech Connect

The treatment results in 18 patients with medulloblastoma were reviewed retrospectively. All patients were treated postoperatively with simultaneous craniospinal irradiation. Forty-four percent of the total group were alive without evidence of disease. Six of the 12 patients eligible for analysis at three years after completion of treatment had continuous disease-free survival. Six patients with intracranial recurrence received a second course of whole-brain irradiation, and two these are alive.

Lowery, G.S.; Ferree, C.R.; Raben, M.



Tertiary paleomagnetic results from east Kalimantan  

E-print Network

(1988) predict that Kalimantan, as well as Indochina, has extruded eastward, along NW ? SE trending strike slip faults developed as a result of Indian ? Asian collision. This tectonic extrusion model proposes a small rotation (approximately 5... section was to provide a fine tuning to the paleomagnetic directions from the volcanic rocks by averaging out the secular variation. All the basaltic samples were collected from the surface of vertical columnar joints which could be used...

Lumadyo, Leonard E. D



Early Results of the ESO VLT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of the FORS and ISAAC Science Verification of the FORS and ISAAC instruments at the VLT ANTU\\/UT1 are described. The following observations have been carried out: 1) the Cluster Deep Field MS1008.1-1224 2) the Antlia dwarf spheroidal Galaxy 3) multiple Object Spectroscopy of Lyman break galaxies in the AXAF and Hubble Deep Field South 4) ISAAC IR Spectroscopy

S. Cristiani; Karl Schwarzschild Strasse



Some Results in Group-Based Cryptography  

E-print Network

Some Results in Group-Based Cryptography Ciaran Mullan Thesis submitted to the University of London in cryptography, in: C. M. Campbell, M. R. Quick, E. F. Robertson, C. M. Roney-Dougal, G. C. Smith and, c=US Date: 2012.01.08 22:25:29 +01'00' #12;Abstract Group-based cryptography is concerned

Sheldon, Nathan D.


Recent Stirling engine loss - understanding results  

SciTech Connect

For several years, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and other US Government agencies have been funding experimental and analytical efforts to improve the understanding of Stirling thermodynamic losses. NASA`s objective is to improve Stirling engine design capability to support the development of new engines for space power. An overview of these efforts was last given at the 1988 IECEC. Recent results of this research are reviewed.

Tew, R.C.; Thieme, L.G.; Dudenhoefer, J.E.



Recent results from the Pierre Auger Observatory  

SciTech Connect

The Pierre Auger Observatory has been designed to investigate the origin and nature of Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECR) using a hybrid detection technique. In this contribution we present some of the most recent results of the observatory, namely the upper-end of the spectrum of cosmic rays, state-of-the-art analyses on mass composition, the measurements of the proton-air cross-section, and the number of muons at ground.

Gascón, Alberto [Dpto. Física Teórica y del Cosmos and CAFPE, Universidad de Granada (Spain); Collaboration: Pierre Auger Collaboration



The WOMBAT Attack Attribution Method: Some Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a new attack attribution method that has been developed within the WOMBAT project. We illustrate the method with some real-world results obtained\\u000a when applying it to almost two years of attack traces collected by low interaction honeypots. This analytical method aims\\u000a at identifying large scale attack phenomena composed of IP sources that are linked to

Marc Dacier; Van-Hau Pham; Olivier Thonnard



Autonomous navigation ability: FIDO test results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The FIDO platform of the JPL has been used to evaluate the ability of autonomous obstacle avoidance developed by JPL and CNES autonomous long range path planning. The test results show that only a very small amount of energy and computing time is used to implement autonomy and that the capabilities of the rover are fully used, allowing a much longer daily traverse than purely ground-planned strategies.

Baumgartner, E.; Maurette, M.



Results from the Salt Phase of SNO  

E-print Network

The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) has recently completed an analysis of data from the salt phase of the experiment, in which NaCl was added to the heavy-water neutrino target to enhance sensitivity to solar neutrinos. Results from the 391-day salt data set are summarized, including the measured solar neutrino fluxes, the electron energy spectrum from charged current interactions, and the day-night neutrino flux asymmetries. Constraints on neutrino mixing parameters including the new measurements are also given.

K. Miknaitis; for the SNO Collaboration



Overview of HL2A experiment results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent experiment results from the HL-2A tokamak are presented in this paper. Supersonic molecular beam injection (SMBI) with liquid nitrogen temperature propellant is used. Low temperature SMBI can form hydrogen clusters that penetrate into the plasma more deeply and efficiently. Particle diffusion coefficient and convection velocity (D = 0.5-1.5 m2 s-1 and Vconv < 40 m s-1, respectively) are obtained

Q. W. Yang; Yong Liu; X. T. Ding; J. Q. Dong; L. W. Yan; D. Q. Liu; W. M. Xuan; L. Y. Chen; J. Rao; X. R. Duan; X. M. Song; Z. Cao; J. H. Zhang; W. C. Mao; C. P. Zhou; X. D. Li; S. J. Wang; M. N. Bu; W. Chen; Y. H. Chen; C. H. Cui; Z. Y. Cui; Z. C. Deng; Y. B. Dong; B. B. Feng; Q. D. Gao; W. Y. Hong; H. T. Hu; Y. Huang; Z. H. Kang; T. Lan; B. Li; G. S. Li; H. J. Li; Qiang Li; Qing Li; W. Li; Y. G. Li; Z. J. Li; Yi Liu; Z. T. Liu; C. W. Luo; X. H. Mao; Y. D. Pan; J. F. Peng; K. Shao; Z. B. Shi; X. Y. Song; A. K. Wang; H. Wang; M. X. Wang; Q. M. Wang; Y. Q. Wang; W. W. Xiao; Z. G. Xiao; Y. F. Xie; L. H. Yao; L. Y. Yao; C. X. Yu; B. S. Yuan; K. J. Zhao; Y. Z. Zheng; G. W. Zhong; H. Y. Zhou; Y. Zhou; J. C. Yan; C. H. Pan



Instability results related to compressible Korteweg system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the study of surface tension effects in compressible mixtures in the framework of diffuse interface models.\\u000a In the first part, we describe results previously obtained on the so-called compressible Korteweg and shallow water models\\u000a and we present nonlinear stability using energy estimates and a new entropy equality recently discovered. These diffuse interface\\u000a models also allow to take

Didier Bresch; Benoît Desjardins; Marguerite Gisclon; Rémy Sart



Cosmological Results from High-z Supernovae  

Microsoft Academic Search

The High-z Supernova Search Team has discovered and observed eight new supernovae in the redshift interval z=0.3-1.2. These independent observations, analyzed by similar but distinct methods, confirm the results of Riess and Perlmutter and coworkers that supernova luminosity distances imply an accelerating universe. More importantly, they extend the redshift range of consistently observed Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) to z~1,

John L. Tonry; Brian P. Schmidt; Brian Barris; Pablo Candia; Peter Challis; Alejandro Clocchiatti; Alison L. Coil; Alexei V. Filippenko; Peter Garnavich; Craig Hogan; Stephen T. Holland; Saurabh Jha; Robert P. Kirshner; Kevin Krisciunas; Bruno Leibundgut; Weidong Li; Thomas Matheson; Mark M. Phillips; Adam G. Riess; Robert Schommer; R. Chris Smith; Jesper Sollerman; Jason Spyromilio; Christopher W. Stubbs; Nicholas B. Suntzeff



Results of MEMS gyro mechanical tests  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents the results from the tests of an RR-type MEMS gyro developed by Elektropribor, St. Petersburg, Russia.\\u000a The experimental estimates of gyro performance variation during centrifuge, vibration, and shock tests are given. The dependences\\u000a of the gyro parameters on the mechanical effects are obtained, and ways of reducing the vibration and shock influence on the\\u000a gyro performance are

M. I. Evstifeev; D. P. Eliseev; A. S. Kovalev; D. V. Rozentsvein



Selected results for LDEF thermal control coatings  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The investigation of space environmental effects on LDEF thermal control coatings by the Materials Special Investigation Group is continuing. Analyses of chromic acid anodize, A276 white paint, and Z306 black paint were conducted, assessing performance as functions of environmental exposure. Test results from additional coatings, such as on scuff plates, M003, and the black chromium plate solar absorber, were obtained. Guidelines for the use of these materials and comparisons to ground based test data will be presented.

Golden, Johnny L.



Hydrogen Storage: Modeling and Analytical Results  

SciTech Connect

We present a thermomechanical model describing hydrogen storage by use of metal hydrides. The problem is considered as a phase transition phenomenon. The model is recovered by continuum mechanics laws, using a generalization of the principle of virtual power accounting for microscopic movements related to the phase transition. The resulting nonlinear PDE system is investigated from the point of view of existence, uniqueness, and regularity of solutions.

Bonetti, Elena [Laboratoire Lagrange, Dipartimento di Matematica 'F. Casorati', Universita di Pavia, Via Ferrata 1, 27100 (Italy)], E-mail:; Fremond, Michel [Laboratoire Lagrange, Laboratoire Central des Ponts et Chaussees, 58 boulevard Lefebvre, 75372 (France)], E-mail:; Lexcellent, Christian [Laboratoire Lagrange, Laboratoire de Mecanique appliquee, 24 rue de l'Epitaphe, 25000 (France)], E-mail:



New QCD results from string theory  

SciTech Connect

We discuss new results in QCD obtained with string-based methods. These methods were originally derived from superstring theory and are significantly more efficient than conventional Feynman rules. This technology was a key ingredient in the first calculation of the one-loop five-gluon amplitude. We also present a conjecture for a particular one-loop helicity amplitude with an arbitrary number of external gluons.

Bern, Z. [California Univ., Los Angeles, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Dixon, L. [Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Kosower, D.A. [CEA Centre d`Etudes de Saclay, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France). Service de Physique Theorique



Some results and problems on set theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. Introduction. (A short summary of the results and problems investigated in this paper.) a) Let S be a set, and let f(x) be a function which makes correspond to every x ES a subset f(x) of S so that x~f(x). We shall call such a function f(x) a set-mapping defined on S. A subset S'c_S is called free (or

A. Hajnal; P. ERD



MICROMEGAS: High rate and radiation hardness results  

SciTech Connect

In this report, the authors present results of gain studies using various gas mixtures in a novel structure of gaseous detector called MICROMEGAS which is under development at Saclay. The authors in particular studied the maximum of gain achievable with MICROMEGAS before the discharge. They tried various gas mixtures (Argon, Neon, CF{sub 4}) with various proportions of quencher (Isobutane, Cyclohexane, DME). They also studied the radiation hardness of MICROMEGAS using Argon-Isobutane and CF{sub 4}-Isobutane mixtures.

Puill, G.; Derre, J.; Giomataris, Y.; Rebourgeard, P.



Pulmonary hemorrhage resulting from roller coaster.  


Roller coasters are probably one of the more popular rides at amusement parks around the world, and there are few reported injuries. We report a case of symmetric diffuse upper lobe hemorrhage resulting from roller coaster in a previously healthy woman. The clinical course, management, and etiology of her case are discussed; and the literature is reviewed. To our knowledge, pulmonary hemorrhage in this setting has not yet been described. PMID:20825914

Yin, Ming; Tian, Qing; Shen, Hong



Recent results from SPEAR. [Theta resonance  

SciTech Connect

The first part of this talk is an experimental review of the properties of the THETA meson. Results or upper limits come from radiative j/psi decays and ..gamma gamma.. scattering for the final states eta eta, ..pi pi.., K anti K and rho rho. In the second part, an upper limit is given for the production of low-mass particles in radiative J/psi decays. Constraints for the existence of low-mass gluonic and Higgs mesons are derived.

Wacker, K.



Recent Higgs results from the ATLAS experiment  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents recent results on the Higgs boson from the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. The Collaboration reports on measurements of the signal strength, couplings, and spin of the Higgs in several decay channels. We find all measurements to be consistent with Standard Model predictions. The Higgs branching fraction to invisible particles is constrained and no evidence of physics beyond the Standard Model is found.

Brendlinger, Kurt [University of Pennsylvania, Department of Physics and Astronomy, 209 South 33rd Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States); Collaboration: ATLAS Collaboration



3D-HST results and prospects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 3D-HST survey is providing a comprehensive census of the distant Universe, combining HST WFC3 imaging and grism spectroscopy with a myriad of other ground- and space-based datasets. This talk constitutes an overview of science results from the survey, with a focus on ongoing work and ways to exploit the rich public release of the 3D-HST data.

Van Dokkum, Pieter G.



Large inflatable deployable antenna flight experiment results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Large space-based deployable antenna structures are needed for a variety of applications. However, recent reductions of antenna user resources have resulted in a real need for low-cost, large-size, light-weight, and reliable deployable space antenna structures. Fortunately, a new class of deployable space structures, called “inflatable space structures” is under development at L'Garde, Inc. The potential of this new concept was

M. D. Steiner; D. E. Carson



Solar rotation results at Mount Wilson  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Solar rotation results from Doppler velocity measurements made at Mount Wilson over a period of more than 14 years are presented based on a single reduction procedure. The observations were made with the wavelength 5250.2 A line of Fe I, and wavelength shifts of the line were simultaneously recorded. Data from 188 rotations are presented. Measurements of scattered light along with its effect on the measured rotation rate are given.

Howard, R.; Adkins, J. M.; Boyden, J. E.; Cragg, T. A.; Gregory, T. S.; Labonte, B. J.; Padilla, S. P.; Webster, L.



Results from 2010 Caliban Criticality Dosimetry Intercomparison  

SciTech Connect

The external dosimetry program participated in a criticality dosimetry intercomparison conducted at the Caliban facility in Valduc, France in 2010. Representatives from the dosimetry and instrumentation groups were present during testing which included irradiations of whole-body beta/gamma (HBGT) and neutron thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs), a fixed nuclear accident dosimeter (FNAD), electronic alarming dosimeters, and a humanoid phantom filled with reference man concentrations of sodium. This report reviews the testing procedures, preparations, irradiations, and presents results of the tests.

Veinot, K. G.



Status and results from the RAVE survey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

RAVE, the RAdial Velocity Experiment, is a large spectroscopic survey which collects spectroscopic data for stars in the southern hemisphere. RAVE uses the AAO Schmidt telescope with a wavelength coverage similar to Gaia but a lower resolution of R = 7,500. Since 2003, RAVE collected over 500 000 spectra providing an unprecedented dataset to study the structure and kinematics of the Milky Way and its stellar populations. In this review, we will summarize the main results obtained using the RAVE catalogues.

Siebert, A.



Recent JET results and future prospects  

SciTech Connect

The latest results of JET plasmas in transient and steady states are presented. Substantial improvements in plasma purity and corresponding reductions in plasma dilution have resulted from the use of beryllium as the first wall material facing the hot plasma. As a consequence, plasmas with a fusion triple product (n{sub D}(0){tau}{sub E}T{sub i}(0)) in the range 8--9 {times} 10{sup 20} m{sup {minus}3} skeV have been achieved (within a factor of 8 that required in a fusion reactor), albeit under transient conditions. The general JET performance has also improved, allowing the parameters of a reactor plasma to be individually achieved in JET. In view of their importance for reactors, the JET results are presented with particular emphasis on their significance for the formulation of a plasma model for the Next Step. However, impurity influxes limit the attainment of better parameters and prevent the realization of steady state conditions at high heating powers. To address these problems of impurity control, plasma fueling and helium ash exhaust, a New Phase is planned for JET. An axisymmetric pumped divertor configuration will allow operating conditions close to those of a reactor. The divertor configuration should demonstrate a concept of impurity control and determine the size and geometry needed to fulfill this concept in a reactor. It should identify appropriate materials for plasma facing components and define the operational domain for the Next Step.

Rebut, P.H.



Damage to DNA Resulting from Ionizing Radiation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work studies the mechanism by which radiation causes biological damage. In general, radiation leads to ionized molecules in solution, which can produce free radical molecules through a series of chemical reactions. These free radicals can chemically attack the DNA molecule resulting in breaks in the phosphate-sugar backbone of the molecule. The molecule may break into smaller pieces or recombine into different shapes. If the molecule were in a living cell, such damage would most likely lead to cell death. This work involves irradiating extra-cellular, non-living DNA plasmid in solution and assessing the amount of damage done to the plasmid. After irradiating the vials at various high doses ( 0.05-10 Gy), the resulting DNA fragments were analyzed via gel electrophoresis. We can therefore look at the fraction of the sample that is still intact compared to the smaller pieces that have resulted from radiation-induced strand breaks in the DNA. A better understanding of radiation and its ability to damage DNA (and kill cells) may lead to improved methods for radiation therapy. (This work was possible through the cooperation and assistance from the staff and facilities at Carolinas Hospital in Florence, SC.)

Jokisch, Derek W.; Shannon, Timothy E.; Will Quick, S.



Statistical Theory of Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence: Recent Results  

E-print Network

In this review article we will describe recent developments in statistical theory of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence. Kraichnan and Iroshnikov first proposed a phenomenology of MHD turbulence where Alfven time-scale dominates the dynamics, and the energy spectrum E(k) is proportional to k^{-3/2}. In the last decade, many numerical simulations show that spectral index is closer to 5/3, which is Kolmogorov's index for fluid turbulence. We review recent theoretical results based on anisotropy and Renormalization Groups which support Kolmogorov's scaling for MHD turbulence. Energy transfer among Fourier modes, energy flux, and shell-to-shell energy transfers are important quantities in MHD turbulence. We report recent numerical and field-theoretic results in this area. Role of these quantities in magnetic field amplification (dynamo) are also discussed. There are new insights into the role of magnetic helicity in turbulence evolution. Recent interesting results in intermittency, large-eddy simulations, and shell models of magnetohydrodynamics are also covered.

Mahendra K. Verma



Pore destruction resulting from mechanical thermal expression  

SciTech Connect

Mechanical thermal expression (MTE) is a dewatering technology ideally suited for the dewatering of internally porous biomaterials. For such materials, the combined application of temperature and compressive force in the MTE process enhances the collapse of the porous structure, resulting in effective water removal. In this article, a comparison of the dewatering of titanium dioxide, which is an ideal incompressible, non-porous material, and lignite, which is a porous plant-based biomaterial, is presented. The comparison is based on the parameters critical to dewatering, namely the material compressibility and the permeability. With the aid of mercury porosimetry results, a detailed discussion of the pore destruction of lignite resulting from MTE processing is presented. It is illustrated that there is a well-defined relationship between the pore size distribution after MTE dewatering and the MTE temperature and pressure. The discussion is extended to an investigation of the effects of MTE processing conditions on the effective and noneffective porosity. The effective porosity is defined as the interconnected porosity, which contributes to flow through the compressed matrix, while the non-effective porosity is the remaining porosity, which does not contribute to flow. It is illustrated that there is a linear relationship in both the effective and non-effective porosity with the total porosity. The linear relationship is independent of the processing conditions. It is also shown that MTE processing collapses the effective and non-effective pores at roughly the same rate.

Clayton, S.A.; Wheeler, R.A.; Hoadley, A.F.A. [Monash University, Clayton, Vic. (Australia)



Recent Results From CLEO-c  

E-print Network

This paper describes recent preliminary results from the CLEO-c experiment using an initial ~60 pb^-1 sample of data collected in e^+e^- collisions at a center of mass energy around the mass of the psi(3770). A first measurement of the branching fraction BR(D^+ -> mu^+ nu) = (3.5 +/- 1.4 +/- 0.6)x 10^-4 and the corresponding decay constant f_D = (202 +/- 41 +/- 17) MeV has been made. Several charged and neutral D meson absolute exclusive semileptonic branching fractions have been measured, including first measurements of the branching fractions BR(D^0 -> rho^-e^+ nu) = (0.19 +/- 0.04 +/- 0.02)% and BR(D^+ -> omega e^+ nu) = (0.17 +/- 0.006 +/- 0.01)%. Estimated uncertainties for inclusive D semileptonic decay modes are also presented. Fits to single and double D tagged events are used to extract absolute branching fractions of several hadronic D decay modes and DDbar production cross sections. Most of these results from this small preliminary sample are already of greater sensitivity than previously published results.

Alex Smith



Spacelab Science Results Study: Executive Summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Beginning with OSTA-1 in November 1981, and ending with Neurolab in March 1998, thirty-six shuttle missions are considered Spacelab missions because they carried various Spacelab components such as the Spacelab module, the pallet, the Instrument Pointing System (IPS), or the MPESS. The experiments carried out during these flights included astrophysics, solar physics, plasma physics, atmospheric science, Earth observations, and a wide range of microgravity experiments in life sciences, biotechnology, materials science, and fluid physics which includes combustion and critical point phenomena. In all, some 764 experiments were conducted by investigators from the United States, Europe, and Japan. These experiments resulted in several thousand papers published In refereed journals, and thousands more in conference proceedings, chapters in books, and other publications. The purpose of this Spacelab Science Results Study is to document the contributions made in each of the major research areas by giving a brief synopsis of the more significant experiments and an extensive list of the publications that were produced. We have also endeavored to show how these results impacted the existing body of knowledge, where they have spawned new fields, and, if appropriate, where the knowledge they produced has been applied.

Naumann, Robert J. (Editor)



Previrialization: Perturbative and N-Body Results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a series of N-body experiments which confirm the reality of the previrialization effect. We use also a weakly nonlinear perturbative approach to study the phenomenon. These two approaches agree when the rms density contrast, ?, is small; more surprisingly, they remain in agreement when ? ~ 1. When the slope of the initial power spectrum is n > -1, nonlinear tidal interactions slow down the growth of density fluctuations, and the magnitude of the suppression increases when n (i.e., the relative amount of small-scale power) is increased. For n < -1, we see an opposite effect: the fluctuations grow more rapidly than in linear theory. The transition occurs at n = -1 when the weakly nonlinear correction to ? is close to zero and the growth rate is close to linear. Our results resolve recent controversy between two N- body studies of previrialization. Peebles assumed n = 0 and found strong evidence in support of previrialization, while Evrard & Crone, who assumed n = -1, reached opposite conclusions. As we show here, the initial conditions with n = -1 are rather special because the nonlinear effects nearly cancel out for that particular spectrum. In addition to our calculations for scale-free initial spectra, we show results for a more realistic spectrum of Peacock & Dodds. Its slope near the scale usually adopted for normalization is close to -1, so ? is close to linear. Our results retroactively justify linear normalization at 8 h^-1^ Mpc while also demonstrating the danger and limitations of this practice.

Lokas, E. L.; Juszkiewicz, R.; Bouchet, F. R.; Hivon, E.



GUEPAR knee arthroplasty results and late complications.  


One hundred eight GUEPAR knee arthroplasties have been studied with a follow-up of one year on 41; 2 years on 22 and 3 years on 45 knees. Overall results were 17% excellent, 44% good, 10% fair and 29% poor. Excellent results were comparatively fewer in rheumatoid arthritis. There was a deterioration in the quality of results of arthroplasty with longer follow-up. The incidence of deep infection was 11%. There was a significant correlation between early wound drainage and deep infection. More than half of the infected knees have not required intervenition as yet. One knee was revised and 3 had attempted arthrodesis with one successful fusion. Two patients died with septicemia. Axle migration occurred in 8 knees and femoral stem breakage in 2 knees. Loosening was found in 27% of the knees with progressive reduction in quality of the arthroplasty. Incomplete cementing predisposed to loosening. Patellar symptoms were present in 28% of the knees. Patellar subluxation and dislocation occurred in 49% of the knees. More than half of these were symptomatic. With normal patellofemoral alignment, pain was more common in the osteoarthritic knee. Use of a patellar implant with GUEPAR knee prostesis should be restricted to severely disabled patients with major fixed deformities. Mechanical failure can be minimized by proper positioning of the implant, correct alignment of the extensor mechanism and adequate cement around the entire stem. PMID:477066

Jones, E C; Insall, J N; Inglis, A E; Ranawat, C S



[In search of results of technical cooperation].  


For the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), technical cooperation (TC) is the process by which the PAHO Member States work with the Organization, as equal partners, to identify and reach their own health goals and to promote self-sufficiency in health development, through programs that respond to those countries' needs and national priorities. Since 1978, PAHO has used the American Regional Planning, Programming, Monitoring, and Evaluation System (AMPES) to establish management procedures and to facilitate decision-making in health TC. As part of AMPES, PAHO uses a "logical approach to project management" to structure the work program of the Organization and to identify the expected results from TC activities and TC resource investments. This project management approach, which replaces the "functional approaches" system used to date, also helps establish a causative relationship between the programmed activities and the results that PAHO expects, and between the activities and the hoped-for outcomes in the countries. As part of an ongoing process of rethinking international health TC, several years ago PAHO began a four-phase study on the usefulness and validity of functional approaches and on the need to propose new ones or to modify existing ones. The results of the initial phase showed it was difficult to classify the activities because the functional-approaches categories were not mutually exclusive and the TC activities were complex. Further, the expected results did not specify the product for which the PAHO Secretariat was accountable within a certain time frame nor the Secretariat's level of responsibility. Thus, a new and more flexible classification of expected results was proposed, with the following categories: cooperation networks and alliances; surveillance and information systems; standards and guidelines; research and evaluation studies; plans, projects, and policies; methods, models, and technologies; training programs; promotional campaigns and advocacy; and direct support. In the second phase of the study, it was concluded that the proposed classification system made it possible to more precisely identify the products of PAHO technical cooperation projects, the Organization's degree of responsibility, and the bases for estimating needed resources. The new system could also facilitate monitoring and evaluation. In addition, the third phase of analyzing the functional approaches has begun. Its objective is to evaluate the effect of technical cooperation based on the changes incorporated in the programming of activities. PMID:10446508

Jourdan Hidalgo, L; Manuel Sotelo, J



September 2007 monitoring results for Centralia, Kansas.  

SciTech Connect

In September 2005, periodic sampling of groundwater was initiated by the Commodity Credit Corporation of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (CCC/USDA) in the vicinity of a grain storage facility formerly operated by the CCC/USDA at Centralia, Kansas. The sampling at Centralia is being performed on behalf of the CCC/USDA by Argonne National Laboratory, in accord with a monitoring program approved by the Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE). The objective is to monitor levels of carbon tetrachloride contamination identified in the groundwater at Centralia (Argonne 2003, 2004, 2005a). Under the KDHE-approved monitoring plan (Argonne 2005b), the groundwater is being sampled twice yearly (for a recommended period of two years) for analyses for volatile organic compounds (VOCs), as well as measurement of selected geochemical parameters to aid in the evaluation of possible natural contaminant degradation (reductive dechlorination) processes in the subsurface environment. The sampling is presently conducted in a network of 10 monitoring wells and 6 piezometers (Figure 1.1), at locations approved by the KDHE (Argonne 2006a). The results of groundwater sampling and VOCs analyses in September-October 2005, March 2006, September 2006, and March 2007 were documented previously (Argonne 2006a,b, 2007a). The results have demonstrated the presence of carbon tetrachloride contamination, at levels exceeding the KDHE Tier 2 Risk-Based Screening Level of 5 {micro}g/L for this compound, in a broad groundwater plume that has shown little movement. This report presents the results of the groundwater sampling at Centralia in September 2007, performed in accord with the KDHE-approved monitoring plan (Argonne 2005b). The September 2007 sampling represents the fifth and final monitoring event performed under the recommended two-year monitoring program approved by the KDHE.

LaFreniere, L. M.; Environmental Science Division



Wavefront Control Testbed (WCT) Experiment Results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Wavefront Control Testbed (WCT) was created to develop and test wavefront sensing and control algorithms and software for the segmented James Webb Space Telescope (JWST). Last year, we changed the system configuration from three sparse aperture segments to a filled aperture with three pie shaped segments. With this upgrade we have performed experiments on fine phasing with line-of-sight and segment-to-segment jitter, dispersed fringe visibility and grism angle;. high dynamic range tilt sensing; coarse phasing with large aberrations, and sampled sub-aperture testing. This paper reviews the results of these experiments.

Burns, Laura A.; Basinger, Scott A.; Campion, Scott D.; Faust, Jessica A.; Feinberg, Lee D.; Hayden, William L.; Lowman, Andrew E.; Ohara, Catherine M.; Petrone, Peter P., III



Optical best arc RMS test results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The performance of the GEM-L2 Earth gravity model in converging several arcs of optical satellite tracking data was evaluated. The resulting root mean square (RMS) values for the arcs are compared with those obtained by using the GEM-9 and GEM-10B gravity models. The intention is to acquire additional data to be used in selecting a starting gravity model for the derivation of an adequate gravity model for TOPEX. In addition, test runs of the GEODYN program were performed using two different models to represent the coefficient of drag. Finally, satellite position and velocity vectors were obtained for arcs of optical data.

Felsentreger, T. L.



Overview of LHC physics results at ICHEP  

SciTech Connect

 This month LHC physics day will review the physics results presented by the LHC experiments at the 2010 ICHEP in Paris. The experimental presentations will be preceeded by the bi-weekly LHC accelerator status report.The meeting will be broadcast via EVO (detailed info will appear at the time of the meeting in the "Video Services" item on the left menu bar)For those attending, information on accommodation, access to CERN and laptop registration is available from




Results of adaptive feedforward on GTA  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the results of the adaptive feedforward system in use on the Ground Test Accelerator (GTA). The adaptive feedforward system was shown to correct repetitive, high-frequency errors in the amplitude and phase of the RF field of the pulsed accelerator. The adaptive feedforward system was designed as an augmentation to the RF field feedback control system and was able to extend the closed-loop bandwidth and disturbance rejection by a factor of ten. Within a second implementation, the adaptive feedforward hardware was implemented in place of the feedback control system and was shown to negate both beam transients and phase droop in the klystron amplifier.

Ziomek, C.D.; Denney, P.M.; Regan, A.H.; Lynch, M.T.; Jachim, S.P.; Eaton, L.E.; Natter, E.F.



Results of adaptive feedforward on GTA  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the results of the adaptive feedforward system in use on the Ground Test Accelerator (GTA). The adaptive feedforward system was shown to correct repetitive, high-frequency errors in the amplitude and phase of the RF field of the pulsed accelerator. The adaptive feedforward system was designed as an augmentation to the RF field feedback control system and was able to extend the closed-loop bandwidth and disturbance rejection by a factor of ten. Within a second implementation, the adaptive feedforward hardware was implemented in place of the feedback control system and was shown to negate both beam transients and phase droop in the klystron amplifier.

Ziomek, C.D.; Denney, P.M.; Regan, A.H.; Lynch, M.T.; Jachim, S.P.; Eaton, L.E.; Natter, E.F.



Trapezio-metacarpal arthrodesis: procedure and results.  


The high prevalence of trapezio-metacarpal joint (TMJ) osteoarthritis leads to develop techniques to improve surgical outcomes when conservative treatment has failed. We have evaluated 18 patients with Eaton III TMJ osteoarthritis, who underwent an arthrodesis. Using a dorsal-radial curved shaped skin incision the TMJ was exposed through the space between the abductor pollicis longus and the extensor pollicis brevis muscles. The articular capsule was divided and the TMJ was opened. Neat curettage was then performed in both joint surfaces by removing all the articular cartilage until some cancellous bone hints appeared underneath. The joint was then fixed in the optimal position by a 1.6 mm Kirschner wire and a 1.1 mm guide wire. A cannulated drill for the guide wire was used and matched to a cannulated lag screw. Then, a cylinder-shaped cancellous bone autograft harvested from the distal radius by a percutaneous approach was applied in the hole by drilling backwards in order to spread the bone about onto the hole walls. The joint was then definitively fixed by the cannulated lag screw. The K wires were removed by that time. DASH score changed from an average of 68 in the preoperative assessment to 39.4 at the end of the evolution time. The evolution of pain has decreased from 9.2 points preoperatively to 3.9 points in the postoperative using the visual analogue scale. In terms of mobility, it has decreased from 4 points preoperatively to 3.9 postoperatively, 14 patients got opposition of the thumb to the fifth finger, two of them to the head of the fifth metacarpal bone, one patient to the fourth finger, and one to the third. This slight decrease of mobility had no effect on performing activities of daily life, as expressed by the patients. The grip strength increased from 17 to 21.7 kg and the thumb opposition from 7.8 to 11.2 kg. All patients, except one, would have the operation again after knowing the final results. This patient said that results did not meet previous expectations. On the radiographic evaluation, consolidation has been achieved in 17 patients. When thumb carpo-metacarpal arthrodesis is indicated, the procedure provides a reliable and lasting treatment with satisfactory results. The development of new implants and the possibility of introducing autologous graft percutaneously as is described using this technique leads to improve the results. PMID:25266963

Galán, Adolfo; Arenas, Javier R; Del Águila, Belén; Guerado, Enrique; Andrés-Cano, Pablo



Meteorite heat capacities: Results to date  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Heat capacity is an essential thermal property for modeling asteroid internal metamorphism or differentiation, and dynamical effects like YORP or Yarkovsky perturbations. We have developed a rapid, inexpensive, and non-destructive method for measuring the heat capacity of meteorites at low temperature [1]. A sample is introduced into a dewar of liquid nitrogen and an electronic scale measures the amount of nitrogen boiled away as the sample is cooled from the room temperature to the liquid nitrogen temperature; given the heat of vaporization of liquid nitrogen, one can then calculate the heat lost from the sample during the cooling process. Note that heat capacity in this temperature range is a strong function of temperature, but this functional relation is essentially the same for all materials; the values we determine are equivalent to the heat capacity of the sample at 175 K. To correct for systematic errors, samples of laboratory-grade quartz are measured along with the meteorite samples. To date, more than 70 samples of more than 50 different meteorites have been measured in this way, including ordinary chondrites [1], irons [2], basaltic achondrites [3], and a limited number of carbonaceous chondrites [1]. In general, one can draw a number of important conclusions from these results. First, the heat capacity of a meteorite is a function of its mineral composition, independent of shock, metamorphism, or other physical state. Second, given this relation, heat capacity can be strongly altered by terrestrial weathering. Third, the measurement of heat capacity in small (less than 1 g) samples as done typically by commercial systems runs a serious risk of giving misleading results for samples that are heterogeneous on scales of tens of grams or more. Finally, we demonstrate that heat capacity is a useful tool for determining and classifying a sample, especially if used in conjunction with other intrinsic variables such as grain density and magnetic susceptibility. We will present an updated list of our results, incorporating our latest corrections for a variety of small but measurable systematic errors, and new results for meteorites and meteorite types not previously measured or reported.

Consolmagno, G.; Macke, R.; Britt, D.



Overview of LHC physics results at ICHEP  


 This month LHC physics day will review the physics results presented by the LHC experiments at the 2010 ICHEP in Paris. The experimental presentations will be preceeded by the bi-weekly LHC accelerator status report.The meeting will be broadcast via EVO (detailed info will appear at the time of the meeting in the "Video Services" item on the left menu bar)For those attending, information on accommodation, access to CERN and laptop registration is available from




STAR: Recent Results and Future Physics Program  

E-print Network

Two major advantages of the STAR detector - uniform azimuthal acceptance complementing extended pseudo-rapidity coverage, and the ability to identify a wide variety of the hadron species in almost all kinematic ranges - have allowed us to address successfully a set of key physics topics at RHIC. We report here selected recent results from the STAR experiment, including insights on system size effects on medium properties, hadronization mechanisms, and partonic energy loss from triggered and non-triggered probes. In conclusion, we present an outlook on the STAR new physics program in upcoming years.

Olga Barannikova; for the STAR Collaboration



CALIPSO at Four: Results and Progress  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Aerosols and clouds play important roles in Earth?s climate system, but limitations in our ability to observe them globally limit our understanding of the climate system and our ability to model it. The CALIPSO satellite was developed to provide new capabilities to observe aerosol and cloud from space. CALIPSO carries the first polarization-sensitive lidar to fly in space, which has now provided a four-year record of global aerosol and cloud profiles. This paper briefly summarizes the status of the CALIPSO mission, describes some of the results from CALIPSO, and presents highlights of recent improvements in data products.

Winker, Dave; Hu, Yong; Pitts, Mike; Tackett, Jason; Kittaka, Chieko; Liu, Zhaoyan; Vaughan, Mark



Physician role conflict and resulting career changes  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate gender and generational differences both in the prevalence of role conflict and in resulting career changes among\\u000a married physicians with children.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a PARTICIPANTS: We sent a survey to equal numbers of licensed male and female physicians (1,412 total) in a Southern California county; of\\u000a the 964 delivered questionnaires, 656 (68%) were returned completed. Our

Carole Warde; Walter Allen; Lillian Gelberg



Numerical taxonomy on data: Experimental results  

SciTech Connect

The numerical taxonomy problems associated with most of the optimization criteria described above are NP - hard [3, 5, 1, 4]. In, the first positive result for numerical taxonomy was presented. They showed that if e is the distance to the closest tree metric under the L{sub {infinity}} norm. i.e., e = min{sub T} [L{sub {infinity}} (T-D)], then it is possible to construct a tree T such that L{sub {infinity}} (T-D) {le} 3e, that is, they gave a 3-approximation algorithm for this problem. We will refer to this algorithm as the Single Pivot (SP) heuristic.

Cohen, J.; Farach, M. [Rutgers Univ., Piscataway, NJ (United States)



Structure function results from H1  

E-print Network

New structure function results from H1 are presented. The measurements cover a huge kinematical range for Q^2, the four momentum transfer squared, from 0.35, GeV^2 to 30,000, GeV^2, and for Bjorken x between \\sim 5\\cdot 10^{-6} and 0.65. At Q^2>100, GeV^2, full HERA, I data have been analyzed. The data are compared with a new QCD analysis. The impact of the HERA, I data on the parton density functions is discussed.

Zhiqing Zhang



Mars Express Radio Science: First Results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Mars Express spacecraft was successfully injected into the Mars orbit on Christmas Day 2003. First data recording in orbit by the Mars Express Radio Science (MaRS) experiment started in mid January 2004. The goal of the MaRS experiment is the radio sounding of the neutral atmosphere and ionosphere to derive vertical profiles of temperature, pressure and electron density, to measure gravity anomalies, and to characterize the surface by a bistatic radar experiment. Measurement sensitivities based on first observations during cruise and first results from orbit shall be presented.

Pätzold, M.; Mars Team


New results on evolving strategies in chess  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Evolutionary algorithms have been used for learning strategies in diverse games, including Othello, backgammon, checkers, and chess. The paper provides a brief background on efforts in evolutionary learning in chess, and presents recent results on using coevolution to learn strategies by improving existing nominal strategies. Over 10 independent trials, each executed for 50 generations, a simple evolutionary algorithm was able to improve a nominal strategy that was based on material value and positional value adjustments associated with individual pieces. The improvement was estimated at over 284 rating points, taking a Class A player and evolving it into an expert.

Fogel, David B.; Hays, Tim



Latest results from the EDELWEISS experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The latest results obtained by the EDELWEISS experiment using three heat-and-ionisation 320 g germanium bolometers are presented. EDELWEISS is presently the most sensitive WIMP direct detection experiment for all WIMP mass compatible with accelerator constraints. The status and main characteristics of EDELWEISS-II setup, involving in a first stage 28 germanium bolometers, and able to accommodate more than 100 detectors, are presented. PACS: 95.35.+d - 14.80.Ly - 98.80.Es - 29.40.Wk - 95.85.Ry

Chabert, L.


New diffractive results from the Tevatron  

SciTech Connect

Experimental results in diffractive processes are summarized and a few notable characteristics described in terms of Quantum Chromodynamics. Exclusive dijet production is used to establish a benchmark for future experiments in the quest for diffractive Higgs production at the Large Hadron Collider. Using new data from the Tevatron and dedicated diffractive triggers, no excess over a smooth falling distribution for exclusive dijet events could be found. Stringent upper limits on the exclusive dijet production cross section are presented. The quark/gluon composition of dijet final states is used to provide additional hints on exclusive dijet production.

Gallinaro, Michele; /Rockefeller U.



Global Positioning System receiver evaluation results  

SciTech Connect

A Sandia project currently uses an outdated Magnavox 6400 Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver as the core of its navigation system. The goal of this study was to analyze the performance of the current GPS receiver compared to newer, less expensive models and to make recommendations on how to improve the performance of the overall navigation system. This paper discusses the test methodology used to experimentally analyze the performance of different GPS receivers, the test results, and recommendations on how an upgrade should proceed. Appendices contain detailed information regarding the raw data, test hardware, and test software.

Byrne, R.H.



Early Results of the ESO VLT  

E-print Network

The results of the FORS and ISAAC Science Verification of the FORS and ISAAC instruments at the VLT ANTU/UT1 are described. The following observations have been carried out: 1) the Cluster Deep Field MS1008.1-1224 2) the Antlia dwarf spheroidal Galaxy 3) multiple Object Spectroscopy of Lyman break galaxies in the AXAF and Hubble Deep Field South 4) ISAAC IR Spectroscopy of a gravitationally magnified galaxy at z=2.72. The data have been made public for the ESO community and, in the case of HDF-S, worldwide.

S. Cristiani



Ammonia Results Review for Retained Gas Sampling  

SciTech Connect

This report was prepared as part of a task supporting the deployment of the retained gas sampler (RGS) system in Flammable Gas Watch List Tanks. The emphasis of this report is on presenting supplemental information about the ammonia measurements resulting from retained gas sampling of Tanks 241-AW-101, A-101, AN-105, AN-104, AN-103, U-103, S-106, BY-101, BY-109, SX-106, AX-101, S-102, S-111, U-109, and SY-101. This information provides a better understanding of the accuracy of past RGS ammonia measurements, which will assist in determining flammable and toxicological hazards.

Mahoney, Lenna A.



Tuned Mullins-Sekerka instability: exact results.  


Mullins-Sekerka's instability at 3D self-similar growth of a spherical seed crystal in an undercooled fluid is discussed. The exact solution of the linearized stability problem is obtained. It is quite different from the conventional results of the quasisteady approximation. The instability occurs much weaker, so that instead of exponential growth in time, unstable modes exhibit just power-law-growth. The relative growth rates of different modes vary in time and depend on their initial amplitudes. It allows control over the growth of each mode individually and tailoring the instability, to obtain a desired shape of the growing crystal at a given time. PMID:25375506

Tribelsky, Michael I; Anisimov, Sergei I



Tuned Mullins-Sekerka instability: Exact results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mullins-Sekerka's instability at 3D self-similar growth of a spherical seed crystal in an undercooled fluid is discussed. The exact solution of the linearized stability problem is obtained. It is quite different from the conventional results of the quasisteady approximation. The instability occurs much weaker, so that instead of exponential growth in time, unstable modes exhibit just power-law-growth. The relative growth rates of different modes vary in time and depend on their initial amplitudes. It allows control over the growth of each mode individually and tailoring the instability, to obtain a desired shape of the growing crystal at a given time.

Tribelsky, Michael I.; Anisimov, Sergei I.



Wide Area Wind Field Monitoring Status & Results  

SciTech Connect

Volume-scanning elastic has been investigated as a means to derive 3D dynamic wind fields for characterization and monitoring of wind energy sites. An eye-safe volume-scanning lidar system was adapted for volume imaging of aerosol concentrations out to a range of 300m. Reformatting of the lidar data as dynamic volume images was successfully demonstrated. A practical method for deriving 3D wind fields from dynamic volume imagery was identified and demonstrated. However, the natural phenomenology was found to provide insufficient aerosol features for reliable wind sensing. The results of this study may be applicable to wind field measurement using injected aerosol tracers.

Alan Marchant; Jed Simmons



Medical Radioisotope Data Survey: 2002 Preliminary Results  

SciTech Connect

A limited, but accurate amount of detailed information about the radioactive isotopes used in the U.S. for medical procedures was collected from a local hospital and from a recent report on the U.S. Radiopharmaceutical Markets. These data included the total number of procedures, the specific types of procedures, the specific radioisotopes used in these procedures, and the dosage administered per procedure. The information from these sources was compiled, assessed, pruned, and then merged into a single, comprehensive and consistent set of results presented in this report. (PIET-43471-TM-197)

Siciliano, Edward R.



[Toxoplasmosis. Diagnostic considerations. Results of various studies].  


Toxoplasmosis as a human disease is briefly described. Concerned investigations developed in Cuba and some aspects of immunological tests performed in our country are pointed out. Results of studies conducted at the National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology between 1974 and 1978 are disclosed, and an increase of the number of tests is evidenced. In the thesis work of Dr. G. Delgado it was proved the high sensitivity of the complement fixation test regarding toxoplasmin. For these reasons, it is desirable the decentralization of the laboratory diagnosis of this disease. PMID:7008108

González Ochoa, E; López Acosta, C; Cordovi Prado, R; Aguilera Espinosa, A E



ANTARES deep sea neutrino telescope results  

SciTech Connect

The ANTARES experiment is currently the largest underwater neutrino telescope in the Northern Hemisphere. It is taking high quality data since 2007. Its main scientific goal is to search for high energy neutrinos that are expected from the acceleration of cosmic rays from astrophysical sources. This contribution reviews the status of the detector and presents several analyses carried out on atmospheric muons and neutrinos. For example it shows the results from the measurement of atmospheric muon neutrino spectrum and of atmospheric neutrino oscillation parameters as well as searches for neutrinos from steady cosmic point-like sources, for neutrinos from gamma ray bursts and for relativistic magnetic monopoles.

Mangano, Salvatore [IFIC - Instituto de Física Corpuscular, Edificio Institutos de Investigatión, 46071 Valencia (Spain); Collaboration: ANTARES Collaboration



Recent results on hadron physics at KLOE  

E-print Network

One of the basic motivations of the KLOE and KLOE-2 collaborations is the test of fundamental symmetries and the search for phenomena beyond the Standard Model via the hadronic and leptonic decays of ground-state mesons and via their production in the fusion of virtual gamma quanta exchanged between colliding electrons and positrons. This contribution includes brief description of results of recent analysis of the KLOE data aimed at (i) the search for the dark matter boson, (ii) determination of the hadronic and light-by-light contributions to the g-2 muon anomaly and (iii) tests of QCD anomalies.

D. Babusci; D. Badoni; I. Balwierz-Pytko; G. Bencivenni; C. Bini; C. Bloise; F. Bossi; P. Branchini; A. Budano; L. Caldeira Balkest; G. Capon; F. Ceradini; P. Ciambrone; F. Curciarello; E. Czerwinski; E. Dane; V. De Leo; E. De Lucia; G. De Robertis; A. De Santis; A. Di Domenico; C. Di Donato; R. Di Salvo; D. Domenici; O. Erriquez; G. Fanizzi; A. Fantini; G. Felici; S. Fiore; P. Franzini; A. Gajos; P. Gauzzi; G. Giardina; S. Giovannella; E. Graziani; F. Happacher; L. Heijkenskjold; B. Hoistad; L. Iafolla; M. Jacewicz; T. Johansson; K. Kacprzak; A. Kupsc; J. Lee-Franzini; B. Leverington; F. Loddo; S. Loffredo; G. Mandaglio; M. Martemianov; M. Martini; M. Mascolo; R. Messi; S. Miscetti; G. Morello; D. Moricciani; P. Moskal; F. Nguyen; A. Palladino; A. Passeri; V. Patera; I. Prado Longhi; A. Ranieri; C. F. Redmer; P. Santangelo; I. Sarra; M. Schioppa; B. Sciascia; M. Silarski; C. Taccini; L. Tortora; G. Venanzoni; W. Wislicki; M. Wolke; J. Zdebik



Recent Results from the Levitated Dipole Experiment  

E-print Network

Experiments 9 #12;Our Newest Results 1. Create long-pulse (10 s) high-beta (20% local) plasma in "levitated 20.0 dBm MAGIC TEE -0.5 dB RF 60.07GHz 20.2dBm ISOLATOR -0.5dB 20dBJUNCTION -0.8dB BALANCED MIXER 60 HORNS +23.3 dBW R-19 295 cm FLOATING COIL AMPLIFIER P1 = 19dBm 462 cm -81.3 dB MAGIC TEES ATTENUATOR LDX


Results from non-accelerator experiments  

SciTech Connect

The diversity of non-accelerator experiments is at first look both dazzling and even daunting. However, nearly all of these experiments strive to attain the same goal, to search for new physics, beyond the current Standard Model. These measurements are also unified in the fact that their results are often dominated by systematic uncertainties. This review necessarily covers only a limited subset of non-accelerator experiments, and will concentrate on the experimental areas where there has been significant recent progress. The topics reviewed include neutrino mazes, double beta decay, solar neutrino, and long-baseline neutrino oscillation measurements.

Wilkerson, J.F.



Results from non-accelerator experiments  

SciTech Connect

The diversity of non-accelerator experiments is at first look both dazzling and even daunting. However, nearly all of these experiments strive to attain the same goal, to search for new physics, beyond the current Standard Model. These measurements are also unified in the fact that their results are often dominated by systematic uncertainties. This review necessarily covers only a limited subset of non-accelerator experiments, and will concentrate on the experimental areas where there has been significant recent progress. The topics reviewed include neutrino mazes, double beta decay, solar neutrino, and long-baseline neutrino oscillation measurements.

Wilkerson, J.F.



The Energetic Particle Telescope: First Results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Energetic Particle Telescope (EPT) is a new compact and modular ionizing particle spectrometer that was launched on 7 May 2013 to a LEO polar orbit at an altitude of 820 km onboard the ESA satellite PROBA-V. First results show electron, proton and helium ion fluxes in the South Atlantic Anomaly (SAA) and at high latitudes, with high flux increases during SEP (Solar Energetic Particles) events and geomagnetic storms. These observations help to improve the understanding of generation and loss processes associated to the Van Allen radiation belts.

Pierrard, V.; Lopez Rosson, G.; Borremans, K.; Lemaire, J.; Maes, J.; Bonnewijn, S.; Van Ransbeeck, E.; Neefs, E.; Cyamukungu, M.; Benck, S.; Bonnet, L.; Borisov, S.; Cabrera, J.; Grégoire, G.; Semaille, C.; Creve, G.; De Saedeleer, J.; Desoete, B.; Preud'homme, F.; Anciaux, M.; Helderweirt, A.; Litefti, K.; Brun, N.; Pauwels, D.; Quevrin, C.; Moreau, D.; Punkkinen, R.; Valtonen, E.; Hajdas, W.; Nieminen, P.



"HUBBLE, the astronomer, the telescope, the results"  

E-print Network

The fundamental discoveries made by Edwin Hubble in the first quarter of the last century will be presented. The space telescope bearing his name will be introduced, as well as the strategy put in place by NASA and the European Space Agency for its operation and its maintenance on-orbit. The personal experience of the speaker having participated in two of five servicing mission will be exposed and illustrated by pictures taken on-orbit. Finally, the main results obtained by the orbital observatory will be presented, in particular the ones related to the large scale structure of the Universe and its early history

CERN. Geneva



Quantitative results from the focusing schlieren technique  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An iterative theoretical approach to obtain quantitative density data from the focusing schlieren technique is proposed. The approach is based on an approximate modeling of the focusing action in a focusing schlieren system, and an estimation of an appropriate focal plane thickness. The theoretical approach is incorporated in a computer program, and results obtained from a supersonic wind tunnel experiment evaluated by comparison with CFD data. The density distributions compared favorably with CFD predictions. However, improvements to the system are required in order to reduce noise in the data, to improve specifications of a depth of focus, and to refine the modeling of the focusing action.

Cook, S. P.; Chokani, Ndaona



Kepler Mission Development Challenges and Early Results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Kepler is NASA s first mission capable of detecting Earth-size planets orbiting in the habitable zone of stars other than the Sun. Kepler comprises a space telescope designed to continuously monitor the brightnesses of more than 100,000 target stars, and a ground segment to analyze the measured stellar light curves and detect the signatures of orbiting planets. In order to detect Earth-size planets orbiting Sun-like stars Kepler was designed to provide unprecedented photometric sensitivity and stability. This paper addresses some of the technical challenges encountered during the development of the Kepler mission and the measures taken to overcome them. Early scientific results are summarized.

Fanson, J.; Duren, R.; Frerking, M.



Recent Results from NASA's Morphing Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Morphing Project seeks to develop and assess advanced technologies and integrated component concepts to enable efficient, multi-point adaptability in air and space vehicles. In the context of the project, the word "morphing" is defined as "efficient, multi-point adaptability" and may include macro, micro, structural and/or fluidic approaches. The project includes research on smart materials, adaptive structures, micro flow control, biomimetic concepts, optimization and controls. This paper presents an updated overview of the content of the Morphing Project including highlights of recent research results.

McGowan, Anna-Maria R.; Washburn, Anthony E.; Horta, Lucas G.; Bryant, Robert G.; Cox, David E.; Siochi, Emilie J.; Padula, Sharon L.; Holloway, Nancy M.



Recent results from the ILL NSEs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper I will try to present some recent results on less usual subjects, which I believe are forward pointing to fields which might develop faster as new sources/instruments become available. The first deals with an assembly of spherical microemulsions which under certain conditions self-organize themselves into a cubic phase. Applying contrast variation and covering the large dynamical range of NSE we just start to be able to identify the different kind of relaxations present [B. Molle, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 90 (2003) 068305]. The second shows a nice example of diffusion of alkane chains in porous material (zeolite). Here high resolution and high intensity were needed to pinpoint the predicted “window” effect [H. Jobic, et al., Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 43(3) (2004) 364]. Finally some results on PMMA/PEO polymer blend will be shown, where the high count rate and simultaneous multi-Q measurement on IN11C made the experiment possible. Still improved resolution would be very welcome to fully extract all possible information [B. Farago, et al., Phys. Rev. E 72 (2005) 031809].

Farago, Bela



Results of LWR snubber aging research  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the aging research results and recommendations for snubbers used in commercial nuclear power plants. Snubbers are safety-related devices used to restrain undesirable dynamic loads at various piping and equipment locations in nuclear power plants (NPPs). Each snubber must accommodate a plant's normal thermal movements and must be capable of restraining the maximum off-normal dynamic loads, such as a seismic event or a transient, postulated for its specific location. The effects of snubber aging and the factors that contribute to the degradation of their safety performance need to be better understood. Thus, Phase II of Nuclear Plant Aging Research was conducted to enhance the understanding of snubber aging and its consequences. Pacific Northwest Laboratory staff and their subcontractors, Lake Engineering and Wyle Laboratories, visited eight sites (encompassing thirteen plants) to conduct interviews with NPP staff and to collect data on snubber aging, testing, and maintenance. The Phase II research methodology, evaluation, results, conclusions, and recommendations are described in the report. Effective methods for service-life monitoring of snubbers are included in the recommendations.

Brown, D P [Lake Engineering Co., Greenville, RI (United States); Werry, E V; Blahnik, D E [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)



Exact results for non-integrable systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantum mechanical many-body systems described by an arbitrary Hamiltonian () are analyzed. It is shown how positive semidefinite operator () properties are able to lead in this case to exact results related to the ground state and the low lying part of the excitation spectrum. This is done independent on dimensionality and integrability. The technique first casts the Hamiltonian in a positive semidefinite form in exact terms ( = + C, where C is a scalar). Second, the ground state is deduced by constructing the most general Hilbert space vector, on which applying , one obtains zero as a result. It is underlined, that the procedure, if applied for variable total number of particles N, allows to obtain information also related to the low lying part of the excitation spectrum. The uniqueness of the ground states can be demonstrated via the study of the kernel of ' = - C. The physical properties of the obtained phases are deduced based on ground state expectation values calculated in terms of the constructed ground states. Since for a fixed structure of , usually the transformation = + C is exact only in a restricted parameter space domain (Script D), the deduced ground states are present only in Script D. A global view on the phase diagram is obtained by different transformations of in positive semidefinite form.

Gulácsi, Zsolt



Turning research into results, final report  

SciTech Connect

In September 1989, the ACEC Research and Management Foundation (ACEC/RMF) submitted a proposal to the US Department of Energy (DOE) in response to the Existing Buildings Efficiency Program`s Solicitation Number DE-PS01-89CE21034. On May 15, 1990, DOE informed ACEC/RMF that it had been selected for a grant award; the final agreement was signed on July 23, 1990. The purpose of the effort was to develop an information package showing engineering firms that energy services can be sold to owners and developers successfully and profitably, that not every design that goes beyond code results in a lawsuit, that owners can be shown the value of paying for the additional design analysis that energy efficiency design requires. The package was envisioned to include examples of buildings that succeed in terms of energy, cost, and design team benefits. It was further conceptualized as both a technical and marketing resource to provide helpful facts, references to relevant documents, graphic materials to be used during client presentations, and guidance on the latest in useful research results.

Not Available



Aquifer test results, Green Swamp area, Florida  

USGS Publications Warehouse

An aquifer test conducted in the Green Swamp area December 15-16 , 1975 was designed to stress the uppermost part of the Floridan aquifer so that the leakage characteristics of the overlying confining bed could be determined. A well tapping the upper part of the Floridan aquifer was pumped at a rate of about 1,040 gallons per minute for 35 hours; drawdown was measured in the Floridan aquifer and in two horizons in the confining bed. Analysis of the data indicates that the transmissivity of the uppper 160 feet of the Floridan is 13,000 square feet per day, the storage coefficient is about 0.0002.5, and the overlying confining bed leakance coefficient is about 0.02 to 0.025 per day. The vertical hydraulic diffusivity of the confining bed ranged from 610 square feet per day to 16,000 square feet per day. Results of the test indicate that, in the area of the test site, a Floridan aquifer well field would induce additional recharge to the Floridan. As a result of that increased recharge , water levels in the surficial aquifer would tend to stand lower, runoff from the area would tend to be less, and, perhaps, evapotranspiration would be less than normal.(USGS)

Tibbals, C.H.; Grubb, Hayes F.



Full length prototype SSC dipole test results  

SciTech Connect

Results are presented from tests of the first full length prototype SSC dipole magnet. The cryogenic behavior of the magnet during a slow cooldown to 4.5K and a slow warmup to room temperature has been measured. Magnetic field quality was measured at currents up to 2000 A. Averaged over the body field all harmonics with the exception of b/sub 2/ and b/sub 8/ are at or within the tolerances specified by the SSC Central Design Group. (The values of b/sub 2/ and b/sub 8/ result from known design and construction defects which will be be corrected in later magnets.) Using an NMR probe the average body field strength is measured to be 10.283 G/A with point to point variations on the order of one part in 1000. Data are presented on quench behavior of the magnet up to 3500 A (approximately 55% of full field) including longitudinal and transverse velocities for the first 250 msec of the quench.

Strait, J.; Brown, B.C.; Carson, J.; Engler, N.; Fisk, H.E.; Hanft, R.; Koepke, K.; Kuchnir, M.; Larson, E.; Lundy, R.



Recent results of the SHIMMER mission  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Spatial Heterodyne Imager for Mesospheric Radicals (SHIMMER) on STPSat-1 is a high resolution, UV, mesospheric limb sounder that uses the innovative optical technique of Spatial Heterodyne Spectroscopy (SHS). For extended sources, SHS enables significant size and weight savings when compared to conventional grating spectrographs with similar spectral resolution and sensitivity. SHIMMER images the limb near 309nm with a spectral resolution of 250m?, A observing the OH A2 ?+ -X2 ?(0,0) band and polar mesospheric clouds (PMC). SHIMMER data covers 2.5 years starting in April 2007. The low inclination orbit and seasonal yaw cycle allow SHIMMER to measure up to about 58° latitude in the summer hemisphere and up to about 12° in the winter hemisphere. The orbit precesses approximately 30 minutes per day, thus diurnal variations in the OH abundance and PMCs can be investigated. In this presentation we show the latest SHIMMER PMC results and we make an extensive comparison of SHIMMER OH profiles with coincident Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) data for different latitudes, local times, and seasons. We will also compare the SHIMMER OH results with measurements taken by the Middle Atmosphere High Resolution Spectrograph Investigation (MAHRSI) in 1997. In particular, we will discuss the previously reported mesospheric OH model excess and what impact the new SHIMMER data-set has on this problem.

Englert, Christoph R.; Stevens, Michael; Siskind, David; Harlander, John; Roesler, Frederick


SUSY and Dark Matter Results from Atlas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New results from the LHC are increasingly probing the borders of the Standard Model of particle physics. Some of the most attractive scenarios for new physics are supersymmetric models. In addition to solving some of the shortcomings of the Standard Model (e.g. the hierarchy problem, gauge coupling unification) they also provide a suitable Dark Matter candidate, which could be produced at the LHC. We present the latest searches for Supersymmetry in events with high-energy final states and large missing transverse momentum using 4.7 fb-1 of proton-proton collisions at ? s = 7 TeV as recorded by the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider. The data is interpreted in models where the Dark Matter candidate is dominantly produced in cascade decays of heavier unstable supersymmetric particles together with high-pT Standard Model particles. We also present more model-independent searches for one single highly energetic jet or photon together with large amount of missing transverse energy, showing the first results for a mono-jet analysis. Such signals are highly relevant for Dark Matter studies and assume that the DM candidates are pair-produced at the LHC and that all other particles are too heavy to be produced directly. So far no excess above the Standard Model background expectation is observed.

Sandaker, Heidi



Overweight and urban pollution: Preliminary results.  


The aim of this study is to determine whether in workers exposed to urban pollution the risk of developing overweight and obesity is higher in workers exposed to urban pollution compared to a control group. The study was conducted on 150 volunteers, 75 workers exposed to urban pollution (50 women and 25 men) and 75 indoor workers (50 women and 25 men). Once measured the weight and height and calculated body mass index (BMI) for each worker, the research was based on the comparison, between the two groups, of the mean values of the measurements and of the frequency of workers with BMI index higher than the cut-off of normality. The only statistically significant difference found was for the mean value of weight in women, which was higher among outdoor workers compared to indoor workers. The mean values of BMI and the frequency of workers with BMI higher than normal was higher among outdoor workers compared to indoor workers in both sexes, but not statistically significant. The data suggest that outdoor workers may be subject to an additional risk of developing obesity as a result of exposure to urban air pollution (which, like obesity, is a source of oxidative stress). So, our preliminary study encourages to continue this line of research by implementing the sample and considering all the confounding factors. Furthermore, the results highlight the necessity to take account of gender differences in the context of health surveillance of workers. PMID:25747365

Ponticiello, Barnaba Giuseppina; Capozzella, Assunta; Di Giorgio, Valeria; Casale, Teodorico; Giubilati, Roberto; Tomei, Gianfranco; Tomei, Francesco; Rosati, Maria Valeria; Sancini, Angela