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1

Multiple-Choice Exams: An Obstacle for Higher-Level Thinking in Introductory Science Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning science requires higher-level (critical) thinking skills that need to be practiced in science classes. This study tested the effect of exam format on critical-thinking skills. Multiple-choice (MC) testing is common in introductory science courses, and students in these classes tend to associate memorization with MC questions and may not…

Stanger-Hall, Kathrin F.

2012-01-01

2

The Effect of Logical Choice Weight and Corrected Scoring Methods on Multiple Choice Agricultural Science Test Scores  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study focused on the effect of logical choice weight and corrected scoring methods on multiple choice Agricultural science test scores the study also investigated the interaction effect of logical choice weight and corrected scoring methods in schools ,and types of school in multiple choice agricultural science test. The researcher used a combination of survey type and one short experimental

B. K. Ajayi

2012-01-01

3

The Development and Validation of a Two-Tiered Multiple-Choice Instrument to Identify Alternative Conceptions in Earth Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was to determine reliability and validity for a two-tiered, multiple- choice instrument designed to identify alternative conceptions in earth science. Additionally, this study sought to identify alternative conceptions in earth science held by preservice teachers, to investigate relationships between self-reported confidence scores and…

Mangione, Katherine Anna

2010-01-01

4

Multiple-choice exams: an obstacle for higher-level thinking in introductory science classes.  

PubMed

Learning science requires higher-level (critical) thinking skills that need to be practiced in science classes. This study tested the effect of exam format on critical-thinking skills. Multiple-choice (MC) testing is common in introductory science courses, and students in these classes tend to associate memorization with MC questions and may not see the need to modify their study strategies for critical thinking, because the MC exam format has not changed. To test the effect of exam format, I used two sections of an introductory biology class. One section was assessed with exams in the traditional MC format, the other section was assessed with both MC and constructed-response (CR) questions. The mixed exam format was correlated with significantly more cognitively active study behaviors and a significantly better performance on the cumulative final exam (after accounting for grade point average and gender). There was also less gender-bias in the CR answers. This suggests that the MC-only exam format indeed hinders critical thinking in introductory science classes. Introducing CR questions encouraged students to learn more and to be better critical thinkers and reduced gender bias. However, student resistance increased as students adjusted their perceptions of their own critical-thinking abilities. PMID:22949426

Stanger-Hall, Kathrin F

2012-01-01

5

Evaluation of Multiple Choice and Short Essay Question items in Basic Medical Sciences  

PubMed Central

Objectives: To evaluate Multiple Choice and Short Essay Question items in Basic Medical Sciences by determining item writing flaws (IWFs) of MCQs along with cognitive level of each item in both methods. Methods: This analytical study evaluated the quality of the assessment tools used for the first batch in a newly established medical college in Karachi, Pakistan. First and sixth module assessment tools in Biochemistry during 2009-2010 were analyzed. Cognitive level of MCQs and SEQs, were noted and MCQ item writing flaws were also evaluated. Results: A total of 36 SEQs and 150 MCQs of four items were analyzed. The cognitive level of 83.33% of SEQs was at recall level while remaining 16.67% were assessing interpretation of data. Seventy six percent of the MCQs were at recall level while remaining 24% were at the interpretation. Regarding IWFs, 69 IWFs were found in 150 MCQs. The commonest among them were implausible distracters (30.43%), unfocused stem (27.54%) and unnecessary information in the stem (24.64%). Conclusion: There is a need to review the quality including the content of assessment tools. A structured faculty development program is recommended for developing improved assessment tools that align with learning outcomes and measure competency of medical students. PMID:24639820

Baig, Mukhtiar; Ali, Syeda Kauser; Ali, Sobia; Huda, Nighat

2014-01-01

6

Identifying student mental models from their response pattern to a physics multiple-choice test  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Previous work has shown that students present different misconceptions across different but similar physical situations, but the cause of these differences is still not clear. In this study, a novel analysis method was introduced to help to gain a better understanding of how different physical situations affect students' responses and learning. This novel analysis groups students into mental model groups (MMG) by similarities in their responses to multiple-choice test items, under the assumption that they have similar mental models. The Mass and Energy Conservation test was developed to probe the common misconception that objects with greater mass fall faster than objects with lesser mass across four physical situations and four knowledge sub-domains: information, dynamics, work, and energy. The test was applied before and after energy instruction to 144 college students in a large Midwestern university attending a calculus-based introductory physics course. Test time along with instruction and physical situation were the two factors. It was found that physical situation did not have a significant effect on mental models: The number of MMGs identified and the fraction of students belonging to the same MMG were not significantly different (p > .05) across physical situations. However, there was a significant effect of test time on mental models (p < .05): the fraction of students belonging to the same MMG changed from the pretest to the posttest, in that the MMG representing higher performance became predominant than the MMG with lower performance for the posttest results. A MANOVA for the average scores for each sub-domain and physical situation combination was applied to validate the previous results. It was found that a significant effect (p < .01) by physical situation resulted due to a lower average dynamics sub-domain score for the friction physical-situation attribute when compared to the no-friction physical-situation attribute. A significant effect (p < .01) was found for test time. This was due to an increase of the average energy sub-domain score from the pretest to the posttest. No significant interaction effect ( p > .05) was found. The MANOVA results obtained can be explained through the change in proportion of the MMGs present in the sample.

Montenegro Maggio, Maximiliano Jose

7

How to Assess Student Performance in Science: Going beyond Multiple-Choice Tests. Third Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational systems promote student growth in a variety of dimensions. Basic content knowledge can be effectively assessed with multiple-choice and completion tests. However educational reforms have become more concerned with higher-order cognitive dimensions (problem-solving, creativity), social dimensions (communication skills, ability to work…

Butler, Susan M.; McColskey, Wendy; O'Sullivan, Rita

2005-01-01

8

The development and validation of a two-tiered multiple-choice instrument to identify alternative conceptions in earth science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study was to determine reliability and validity for a two-tiered, multiple- choice instrument designed to identify alternative conceptions in earth science. Additionally, this study sought to identify alternative conceptions in earth science held by preservice teachers, to investigate relationships between self-reported confidence scores and understanding of earth science concepts, and to describe relationships between content knowledge and alternative conceptions and planning instruction in the science classroom. Eighty-seven preservice teachers enrolled in the MAT program participated in this study. Sixty-eight participants were female, twelve were male, and seven chose not to answer. Forty-seven participants were in the elementary certification program, five were in the middle school certification program, and twenty-nine were pursuing secondary certification. Results indicate that the two-tiered, multiple-choice format can be a reliable and valid method for identifying alternative conceptions. Preservice teachers in all certification areas who participated in this study may possess common alternative conceptions previously identified in the literature. Alternative conceptions included: all rivers flow north to south, the shadow of the Earth covers the Moon causing lunar phases, the Sun is always directly overhead at noon, weather can be predicted by animal coverings, and seasons are caused by the Earth's proximity to the Sun. Statistical analyses indicated differences, however not all of them significant, among all subgroups according to gender and certification area. Generally males outperformed females and preservice teachers pursuing middle school certification had higher scores on the questionnaire followed by those obtaining secondary certification. Elementary preservice teachers scored the lowest. Additionally, self-reported scores of confidence in one's answers and understanding of the earth science concept in question were analyzed. There was a slight positive correlation between overall score and both confidence and understanding. Responses on the questionnaire were investigated with respect to pedagogical choices. Evidence suggests that content knowledge and having alternative conceptions or science fragments may impact a teacher's pedagogical choices. Through careful development of instruments like ACES-Q II-R and other two- tiered, multiple-choice instruments, educators and researchers car not only identify possible alternative conceptions, they can raise an awareness of alternative conceptions held by children and adults.

Mangione, Katherine Anna

9

An analysis of complex multiple-choice science-technology-society items: Methodological development and preliminary results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The scarce attention to the assessment and evaluation in science education research has been especially harmful for teaching science-technology-society (STS) issues, due to the dialectical, tentative, value-laden, and polemic nature of most STS topics. This paper tackles the methodological difficulties of the instruments that monitor views related to STS topics and rationalizes a quantitative methodology and an analysis technique to improve the utility of an empirically developed multiple-choice item pool, the Questionnaire of Opinions on STS. This methodology embraces an item-scaling psychometrics based on the judgments by a panel of experts, a multiple response model, a scoring system, and the data analysis. The methodology finally produces normalized attitudinal indices that represent the respondent's reasoned beliefs toward STS statements, the respondent's position on an item that comprises several statements, or the respondent's position on an entire STS topic that encompasses a set of items. Some preliminary results show the methodology's ability to evaluate the STS attitudes in a qualitative and quantitative way and for statistical hypothesis testing. Lastly, some applications for teacher training and STS curriculum development in science classrooms are discussed.

Vázquez-Alonso, Ángel; Manassero-Mas, María-Antonia; Acevedo-Díaz, José-Antonio

2006-07-01

10

Multiple choice questions are superior to extended matching questions to identify medicine and biomedical sciences students who perform poorly.  

PubMed

In recent years, medical faculties at Dutch universities have implemented a legally binding study advice to students of medicine and biomedical sciences during their propaedeutic phase. Appropriate examination is essential to discriminate between poor (grade <6), moderate (grade 6-8) and excellent (grade ?8) students. Therefore, we compared the discriminatory properties of extended matching questions (EMQs) versus multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and identified the role of sex, age and examination preference on this score. Data were collected for 452 first-year medical and biomedical science students during three distinct course examinations: one examination with EMQ only, one with MCQ only and one mixed examination (including EMQ and MCQ). Logistic regression analysis revealed that MCQ examination was 3 times better in identifying poor students compared with EMQ (RR 3.0, CI 2.0-4.5), whereas EMQ better detected excellent students (average grade ?8) (RR 1.93, CI 1.47-2.53). Mixed examination had comparable characteristics to MCQ. Sex and examination preference did not impact the score of the student. Students ?20 years had a 4-fold higher risk ratio of obtaining a poor grade (<6) compared with students ?18 years old (RR 4.1, CI 2.1-8.0). Given the strong discriminative capacity of MCQ examinations to identify poor students, we recommend the use of this type of examination during the propaedeutic phase of medicine and biomedical science study programmes, in the light of the binding study advice. PMID:24203858

Eijsvogels, Thijs M H; van den Brand, Tessa L; Hopman, Maria T E

2013-11-01

11

Multiple Choice Test  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site presents a guide to developing and deploying effective multiple choice tests. The site also discusses the costs and benefits of this method, as well as the philosophy of this commonly used assessment method. Links to more detailed information are included as well.

Parkes, Jay; Guide, Field-Tested L.

12

Multiple-Choice Computer Diagnostic Test Designs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses factors that should be considered when designing multiple-choice diagnostic tests for use with microcomputer systems. Item content and characteristics are described, presentation of feedback and results are examined, database management functions are discussed, and benefits for students with learning problems and physically disabled…

Burns, Edward

1990-01-01

13

General Chemistry Students' Understanding of the Chemistry Underlying Climate Science and the Development of a Two-Tiered Multiple-Choice Diagnostic Instrument  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of the NSF funded Visualizing the Chemistry of Climate Change (VC3) project, we have developed a chemistry of climate science diagnostic instrument for use in general chemistry courses based on twenty-four student interviews. We have based our interview protocol on misconceptions identified in the research literature and the essential principles of climate change outlined in the CCSP document that pertain to chemistry (CCSP, 2009). The undergraduate student interviews elicited their understanding of the greenhouse effect, global warming, climate change, greenhouse gases, climate, and weather, and the findings from these interviews informed and guided the development of the multiple-choice diagnostic instrument. Our analysis and findings from the interviews indicate that students seem to confuse the greenhouse effect, global warming, and the ozone layer and in terms of chemistry concepts, the students lack a particulate level understanding of greenhouse gases causing them to not fully conceptualize the greenhouse effect and climate change. Details of the findings from the interviews, development of diagnostic instrument, and preliminary findings from the full implementation of the diagnostic instrument will be shared.

Versprille, A.; Towns, M.; Mahaffy, P.; Martin, B.; McKenzie, L.; Kirchhoff, M.

2013-12-01

14

Physical Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Physical science is the science of matter and energy and their interactions and examines the physical world around us. Using the methods of the physical sciences, students learn about the composition, structure, properties, and reactions of matter and the relationships between matter and energy. Students are best able to build understanding of the physical sciences through hands-on exploration of the physical world.

K-12 Outreach,

15

Student-Generated Content: Enhancing Learning through Sharing Multiple-Choice Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between students' use of PeerWise, an online tool that facilitates peer learning through student-generated content in the form of multiple-choice questions (MCQs), and achievement, as measured by their performance in the end-of-module examinations, was investigated in 5 large early-years science modules (in physics, chemistry…

Hardy, Judy; Bates, Simon P.; Casey, Morag M.; Galloway, Kyle W.; Galloway, Ross K.; Kay, Alison E.; Kirsop, Peter; McQueen, Heather A.

2014-01-01

16

Multiple-choice test of energy and momentum concepts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We investigate student understanding of energy and momentum concepts at the level of introductory physics by designing and administering a 25-item multiple choice test and conducting individual interviews. We find that most students have difficulty in qualitatively interpreting basic principles related to energy and momentum and in applying them in physical situations.

Singh, Chandralekha; Rosengrant, David

2012-04-27

17

Constructive Multiple-Choice Testing System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The newly developed computerized Constructive Multiple-choice Testing system is introduced. The system combines short answer (SA) and multiple-choice (MC) formats by asking examinees to respond to the same question twice, first in the SA format, and then in the MC format. This manipulation was employed to collect information about the two…

Park, Jooyong

2010-01-01

18

Performance on multiple-choice diagnostics and complementary exam problems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper compares the responses of university physics students on the Force Concept Inventory (FCI) and on open-ended examination questions. The Mechanics Baseline Test (MBT) is another multiple choice test. It contains a greater range of topics than the FCI and is intended for use after instruction.

Steinberg, Richard N.; Sabella, Mel

2005-10-17

19

Crowdsourcing Control: Moving Beyond Multiple Choice Christopher H. Lin Mausam Daniel S. Weld  

E-print Network

Crowdsourcing Control: Moving Beyond Multiple Choice Christopher H. Lin Mausam Daniel S. Weld Department of Computer Science and Engineering University of Washington Seattle, WA 98195 {chrislin,mausam,weld, and Weld 2010; 2011) to quality control is the restriction to multiple choice questions, i.e., jobs where

Mausam

20

Maximizing Reliability in Multiple Choice Questions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Serlin-Kaiser procedure is used to complete a principal components solution for scoring weights for all options of a given item. Coefficient alpha is maximized for a given multiple choice test. (Author/GK)

Willson, Victor L.

1982-01-01

21

Can free-response questions be approximated by multiple-choice equivalents?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We discuss a study to evaluate the extent to which free-response questions can be approximated by multiple-choice equivalents. Two carefully designed research-based multiple-choice questions were transformed into a free-response format and administered on the final exam in a calculus-based introductory physics course. The original multiple-choice questions were administered in another, similar introductory physics course on the final exam. Our findings suggest that carefully designed multiple-choice questions can reflect the relative performance on the free-response questions while maintaining the benefits of ease of grading and quantitative analysis, especially if the different choices in the multiple-choice questions are weighted to reflect the different levels of understanding that students display.

Lin, Shih-Yin; Singh, Chandralekha

2013-08-01

22

Physics for Physical Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by Jason Dicker at Launceston College in Tasmania, these materials present information and examples of the physics concepts of radioactivity, motion, and current electricity. The Radioactivity portion contains sections on natural types of radioactivity, radioactive decay, and problems for students such as designing "a series of experiments to show that 'radioactivity' has nothing to do with sunlight" without using a Geiger counter. The Motion portion contains pages about vectors, projectile motion, momentum, and force. The final section, Current Electricity, has links to pages about charge and current, voltage, resistance, and some problems about electricity for students to solve. This is an excellent resource for physics educators in higher education to use to explain physics principles in the physical sciences.

Dicker, Jason

2008-01-30

23

Science Library of Test Items. Volume Twenty. A Collection of Multiple Choice Test Items Relating Mainly to Physics, 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As one in a series of test item collections developed by the Assessment and Evaluation Unit of the Directorate of Studies, items are made available to teachers for the construction of unit tests or term examinations or as a basis for class discussion. Each collection was reviewed for content validity and reliability. The test items meet syllabus…

New South Wales Dept. of Education, Sydney (Australia).

24

Physical Science Earth Science  

E-print Network

Science Archaeology Future Thought Science & Society Conservation Ethics Investigative Research Philosophy the Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI) and the Indian Head Division of the Naval Surface Warfare Center

Bennett, Gisele

25

Australian Item Bank Program: Science Item Bank. Book l: Physics and Astronomy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Australian Science Item Bank consists of three volumes of multiple-choice questions. Book 1 contains questions on Physics and Astronomy. The questions are designed to be suitable for high school students (year 8 to year 12 in Australian schools). The questions are classified by the subject content of the question, the cognitive skills required…

Australian Council for Educational Research, Hawthorn.

26

The Impact of Student Ability and Method for Varying the Position of Correct Answers in Classroom Multiple-Choice Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiple-choice item-writing guideline research is in its infancy. Haladyna (2004) calls for a science of item-writing guideline research. The purpose of this study is to respond to such a call. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of student ability and method for varying the location of correct answers in classroom multiple-choice

Joseph, Dane Christian

2010-01-01

27

Genetic Algorithms for Multiple-Choice Problems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This thesis investigates the use of problem-specific knowledge to enhance a genetic algorithm approach to multiple-choice optimisation problems.It shows that such information can significantly enhance performance, but that the choice of information and the way it is included are important factors for success.Two multiple-choice problems are considered.The first is constructing a feasible nurse roster that considers as many requests as possible.In the second problem, shops are allocated to locations in a mall subject to constraints and maximising the overall income.Genetic algorithms are chosen for their well-known robustness and ability to solve large and complex discrete optimisation problems.However, a survey of the literature reveals room for further research into generic ways to include constraints into a genetic algorithm framework.Hence, the main theme of this work is to balance feasibility and cost of solutions.In particular, co-operative co-evolution with hierarchical sub-populations, problem structure exploiting repair schemes and indirect genetic algorithms with self-adjusting decoder functions are identified as promising approaches.The research starts by applying standard genetic algorithms to the problems and explaining the failure of such approaches due to epistasis.To overcome this, problem-specific information is added in a variety of ways, some of which are designed to increase the number of feasible solutions found whilst others are intended to improve the quality of such solutions.As well as a theoretical discussion as to the underlying reasons for using each operator,extensive computational experiments are carried out on a variety of data.These show that the indirect approach relies less on problem structure and hence is easier to implement and superior in solution quality.

Aickelin, Uwe

2010-04-01

28

Annual Reviews: Physical Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

_Annual Reviews_has placed the full text of all titles in the Physical and Social Sciences suites on line. Online titles include the Physical Sciences review volumes: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Biophysics and Biomolecular Structure, Earth and Planetary Sciences, Energy and the Environment, Fluid Mechanics, Materials Science, Nuclear and Particle Science, and Physical Chemistry. Online full-text content for the Physical Sciences suite begins with 1997 issues; online abstracts begin in 1992. All journals mentioned are produced in conjunction with Stanford University's HighWire Press.

29

Physics 594: Computational Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"A Course in Computational Science for the Physical and Life Sciences" based on the CSEP e-book, complete with Course Description, Course Syllabus, Lecture Schedules, Lectures and Exercises available on-line.

30

The Relationship of Constrained Free-Response to Multiple-Choice and Open-Ended Items.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship of a machine-scorable, constrained free-response computer science item that required the student to debug a faulty program to two other types of items: multiple-choice and free-response requiring production of a computer program. The free-response items were from the College Board's Advanced Placement Computer…

Bennett, Randy Elliot; And Others

31

Nested Logit Models for Multiple-Choice Item Response Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nested logit item response models for multiple-choice data are presented. Relative to previous models, the new models are suggested to provide a better approximation to multiple-choice items where the application of a solution strategy precedes consideration of response options. In practice, the models also accommodate collapsibility across all…

Suh, Youngsuk; Bolt, Daniel M.

2010-01-01

32

Multiple Choice Examination System 2. Online Quizzes for General Chemistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents the main aspects and implementation of an online multiple choice examination system with general chemistry issues for student evaluation. The testing system was used to generate items for a multiple- choice examination for first year undergraduate students in Material Engineering and Environmental Engineering from Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania, which all attend the same General Chemistry course.

Horea Iustin; Lorentz JÄNTSCHI

2004-01-01

33

Holt Physical Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the Physical Science textbook, Holt Physical Science, by William L. Ramsey, Lucretia A. Gabriel, James F. McGuirk, Clifford R. Phillips, Frank M. Watenpaugh published by Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1988.

34

Test Equating under the Multiple-Choice Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a characteristic curve procedure for comparing transformations of the item response theory ability scale assuming the multiple-choice model. Illustrates the use of the method with an example equating American College Testing mathematics tests. (SLD)

Kim, Jee-Seon; Hanson, Bradley A.

2002-01-01

35

A Practical Methodology for Developing Content Parallel Multiple Choice Tests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of four parallel multiple-choice tests using Guttman's facet design analysis is discussed. A mapping sentence was used to specify a test blueprint. The examinations were found to be parallel when actually used. (Author/GK)

Blumberg, Phyllis

1981-01-01

36

Physical Science Scott Bergeson, Coordinator  

E-print Network

Physical Science Scott Bergeson, Coordinator N-267 ESC, (801) 422-6161 College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Advisement Center N-179 ESC, (801) 422-6270 BS Teaching Physical Science (77.5­78.5 hours that may fulfill university core requirements. Physical Science (Phy S) Undergraduate Courses 100. Physical

Hart, Gus

37

[Continuing medical education: how to write multiple choice questions].  

PubMed

Evaluating professional competence in medicine is a difficult but indispensable task because it makes it possible to evaluate, at different times and from different perspectives, the extent to which the knowledge, skills, and values required for exercising the profession have been acquired. Tests based on multiple choice questions have been and continue to be among the most useful tools for objectively evaluating learning in medicine. When these tests are well designed and correctly used, they can stimulate learning and even measure higher cognitive skills. Designing a multiple choice test is a difficult task that requires knowledge of the material to be tested and of the methodology of test preparation as well as time to prepare the test. The aim of this article is to review what can be evaluated through multiple choice tests, the rules and guidelines that should be taken into account when writing multiple choice questions, the different formats that can be used, the most common errors in elaborating multiple choice tests, and how to analyze the results of the test to verify its quality. PMID:23489769

Soler Fernández, R; Méndez Díaz, C; Rodríguez García, E

2013-06-01

38

Science Fair Projects: Physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

I have often thought that the notion of a Science Fair is intrinsically a good one but have never set one up. With this book such an undertaking is possible, with 47 projects from which you can choose.Each project has a clearly stated purpose with an overview that contains the physics you need to get started. A hypothesis, or sometimes

Helen Reynolds

2000-01-01

39

Physical Science Reference Sheets  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This reference sheet, presented by the National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network provides a valuable physical science reference sheet for high school students. Definition of terms, diagrams, abbreviations, mathematical notations, the periodic table, and other useful information is provided in an easy to use format. Included in this lesson are the front and back sides of this reference sheet.

2014-07-11

40

Semantic physical science  

PubMed Central

The articles in this special issue arise from a workshop and symposium held in January 2012 (Semantic Physical Science’). We invited people who shared our vision for the potential of the web to support chemical and related subjects. Other than the initial invitations, we have not exercised any control over the content of the contributed articles. PMID:22856527

2012-01-01

41

Faculty of Science: PHYSICS AND ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE  

E-print Network

Faculty of Science: PHYSICS AND ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE Possible Careers Chemical Physicist Information Resource Analyst www.physics.dal.ca Professional Associations Canadian Association of Physicists - www.cap.ca Society of Physics Students - www.spsnational.org American Physical Society - www

Brownstone, Rob

42

Challenging Multiple-Choice Questions to Engage Critical Thinking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines a technique for engaging critical thinking on multiple-choice exams. University students were encouraged to "challenge" the validity of any exam question they believed to be unfair (e.g., more than one equally correct answer, ambiguous wording, etc.). The number of valid challenges a student wrote was a better…

Kerkman, Dennis D.; Johnson, Andrew T.

2014-01-01

43

Assessing Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) Tests--A Mathematical Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reasoning behind popular methods for analysing the raw data generated by multiple choice question (MCQ) tests is not always appreciated, occasionally with disastrous results. This article discusses and analyses three options for processing the raw data produced by MCQ tests. The article shows that one extreme option is not to penalize a…

Scharf, Eric M.; Baldwin, Lynne P.

2007-01-01

44

Detection of Cheating on Multiple-Choice Examinations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An index is proposed to detect cheating on multiple-choice examinations, and its use is evaluated through simulations. The proposed index is based on the compound binomial distribution. In total, 360 simulated data sets reflecting 12 different cheating (copying) situations were obtained and used for the study of the sensitivity of the index in…

Bay, Luz

45

Optimizing Multiple-Choice Tests as Learning Events  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although generally used for assessment, tests can also serve as tools for learning--but different test formats may not be equally beneficial. Specifically, research has shown multiple-choice tests to be less effective than cued-recall tests in improving the later retention of the tested information (e.g., see meta-analysis by Hamaker, 1986),…

Little, Jeri Lynn

2011-01-01

46

Violating Conventional Wisdom in Multiple Choice Test Construction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research examined 2 elements of multiple-choice test construction, balancing the key and optimal number of options. In Experiment 1 the 3 conditions included a balanced key, overrepresentation of a and b responses, and overrepresentation of c and d responses. The results showed that error-patterns were independent of the key, reflecting…

Taylor, Annette Kujawski

2005-01-01

47

Genetic Algorithms for Multiple-Choice Optimisation Problems  

E-print Network

Genetic Algorithms for Multiple- Choice Optimisation Problems by Uwe Aickelin (Dipl Kfm, EMBSc to the University of Wales In candidature for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy European Business Management School-library loan, and for the title and summary to be made available to outside organisations. Signed

Aickelin, Uwe

48

Heuristic algorithms for the multiple-choice multidimensional knapsack problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose several heuristics for approximately solving the multiple-choice multidimensional knapsack problem (noted MMKP), an NP-Hard combinatorial optimization problem. The first algorithm is a constructive approach used especially for constructing an initial feasible solution for the problem. The second approach is applied in order to improve the quality of the initial solution. Finally, we introduce the main

M Hifi; M Michrafy; A Sbihi

2004-01-01

49

Valuing Assessment in Teacher Education - Multiple-Choice Competency Testing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When our focus is on assessment educators should work to value the nature of assessment. This paper presents a new approach to multiple-choice competency testing in mathematics education. The instrument discussed here reflects student competence, encourages self-regulatory learning behaviours and links content with current curriculum documents and…

Martin, Dona L.; Itter, Diane

2014-01-01

50

Physical Science Curriculum Support Document  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document was developed in response to the expressed need of physical science teachers for materials designed to facilitate and enhance the teaching of the 1999 North Carolina Standard Course of Study for Physical Science. The materials provide a guide to translating the goals and objectives of the Physical Science curriculum into good…

Elliott, Carolyn C.; Brown, Tim; Harris, Jeff; Lovin, Pamela

2004-01-01

51

Action Plan Physical Sciences and  

E-print Network

Action Plan 2010-2013 Physical Sciences and Technologies EXECUTIVE SUMMARY #12;N.B.: If you require #12;4 2010-13 Action Plan. Area 5 5Physical Sciences and Technologies 1.GENERAL INFORMATION Description of the area The Physical Sciences and Technologies Areas encompasses over 20 centres

Fitze, Patrick

52

Graded Multiple Choice Questions: Rewarding Understanding and Preventing Plagiarism  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes an easily implemented method that allows the generation and analysis of graded multiple-choice examinations. The technique, which uses standard functions in user-end software (Microsoft Excel 5+), can also produce several different versions of an examination that can be employed to prevent the reward of plagarism. The manuscript also discusses the advantages of having a graded marking system for the elimination of ambiguities, use in multi-step calculation questions, and questions that require extrapolation or reasoning. The advantages of the scrambling strategy, which maintains the same question order, is discussed with reference to student equity. The system provides a non-confrontational mechanism for dealing with cheating in large-class multiple-choice examinations, as well as providing a reward for problem solving over surface learning.

Denyer, G. S.; Hancock, D.

2002-08-01

53

Faculty of Science Medical Physics  

E-print Network

Faculty of Science Medical Physics If you like physics and mathematics, but want a career in the rapidly expanding health sciences, then this honours BSc is for you. www.uwindsor.ca/physics Medical Physics opens the way to exciting new possibilities for career opportunities in the applications

54

Guidelines for the construction of multiple choice questions tests.  

PubMed

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) are generally recognized as the most widely applicable and useful type of objective test items. They could be used to measure the most important educational outcomes - knowledge, understanding, judgment and problem solving. The objective of this paper is to give guidelines for the construction of MCQs tests. This includes the construction of both "single best option" type, and "extended matching item" type. Some templates for use in the "single best option" type of questions are recommended. PMID:23012132

Al-Rukban, Mohammed O

2006-09-01

55

Measuring Strategy Use in Context with Multiple-Choice Items  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of authors have presented data that challenge the validity of self-report of strategy use or choice of strategy. We created a multiple-choice measure of students' strategy use based on the work of Kozminsky, E., and Kozminsky, L. (2001), and tested it with three samples as part of a series of studies testing the fit of the DIME model of…

Cromley, Jennifer; Azevedo, Roger

2011-01-01

56

General Physics, Physics 12 [Science Curriculum Materials].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Physics 12 curriculum guide represents one in a series of science guides especially designed to provide for the pupil whose primary interests are in non-science fields. The program provides study in physics in which fundamental concepts and understandings are developed, mathematical concepts are limited, and students are encouraged to relate…

Rochester City School District, NY.

57

School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences  

E-print Network

School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences Environmental Physics A physics degree information Undergraduate Admissions Secretary School of Mathematics and Physical Sciences University Sciences comprises a large group of scientific experts in many different fields of environmental physics

Wirosoetisno, Djoko

58

Teaching Science through Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physical education can serve as a vehicle for teaching science and make student understanding of certain personal health-related science concepts meaningful. Describes activities involving the musculoskeletal system, the nervous system, and the cardiovascular system. (DKM)

Kumar, David; Whitehurst, Michael

1997-01-01

59

Department of Physical Therapy & Rehabilitation Science Doctor of Physical Therapy  

E-print Network

1 Department of Physical Therapy & Rehabilitation Science Doctor of Physical Therapy Clinical INFORMATION Department of Physical Therapy & Rehabilitation Science 100 Penn Street, Suite 315 Baltimore, MD of Medicine, Dept. of Physical Therapy & Rehabilitation Science (PTRS) DPT Program Student Handbook

Weber, David J.

60

Department of Physical Therapy & Rehabilitation Science Doctor of Physical Therapy  

E-print Network

1 Department of Physical Therapy & Rehabilitation Science Doctor of Physical Therapy Clinical Team CONTACT INFORMATION Department of Physical Therapy & Rehabilitation Science 100 Penn Street, Suite of Maryland School of Medicine, Dept. of Physical Therapy & Rehabilitation Science (PTRS) DPT Program Student

Weber, David J.

61

Training College Physics and Physical Science Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes survey data about the need and appropriate character of graduate degree programs designed to prepare two-year and four-year college physics and physical science teachers. Indicates that future employment favors two-year college teachers with a master's degree in the region west of the Mississippi River. (CC)

Henderson, R. B.; And Others

1974-01-01

62

Department of Physics Life Sciences Building  

E-print Network

Physics Department of Physics Life Sciences Building 3101 S. Dearborn St. Chicago, IL 60616 312.567.3480 www.science.iit.edu/physics Chair: Grant Bunker The Department of Physics offers B.S., M.S., and Ph of Health Physics Master of Science in Physics Master of Science in Applied Physics Doctor of Philosophy

Heller, Barbara

63

Physics transforming the life sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Biological physics is clearly becoming one of the leading sciences of the 21st century. This field involves the cross-fertilization of ideas and methods from biology and biochemistry on the one hand and the physics of complex and far from equilibrium systems on the other. Here I want to discuss how biological physics is a new area of physics and not simply applications of known physics to biological problems. I will focus in particular on the new advances in theoretical physics that are already flourishing today. They will become central pieces in the creation of this new frontier of science.

Onuchic, José N.

2014-10-01

64

Planetary Science Space Physics  

E-print Network

bring together space science, space technology, and the education of the next generation of space space science with hardware design, development, implementation, mission operations, and data management is almost one-of-a-kind among university-based space centers. With up to a dozen space science flight

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

65

Concepts in Physical Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contained in this experimental test are instructional materials for a one-semester course designed to give liberal arts students an appreciation of (1) the nature of science, (2) the development of science, (3) the contributions of scientists, (4) the impact of scientific discoveries on mankind, and (5) the possible future effects of science. The…

Puri, O. P.

66

BachelorofScience/BachelorofEducation Physics/ScienceEducation  

E-print Network

· condensed matter physics · cosmology · geophysics · high-energy physics · medical physics · nanoscienceBachelorofScience/BachelorofEducation Physics/ScienceEducation N a m e.uleth.ca/ross/ppgs/ppg.html Department of Physics What is Physics? Physics is the fundamental science, the study of matter and energy

Seldin, Jonathan P.

67

Physics and College of Arts and Sciences  

E-print Network

Physics and Astronomy College of Arts and Sciences Degree Options Bachelor of Science in Physics Problems #12;Physics and Astronomy College of Arts and Sciences Career Options Alternative energy sciences and Astronomy Specialization Tracks Available: Astrophysics Standard Physics Minors Astronomy Physics Program

Collins, Gary S.

68

The Testing Methods and Gender Differences in Multiple-Choice Assessment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper provides a comprehensive review of the multiple-choice assessment in the past two decades for facilitating people to conduct effective testing in various subject areas. It was revealed that a variety of multiple-choice test methods viz. conventional multiple-choice, liberal multiple-choice, elimination testing, confidence marking, probability testing, and order-of-preference scheme are available for use in assessing subjects' knowledge and decision ability. However, the best multiple-choice test method for use has not yet been identified. The review also indicated that the existence of gender differences in multiple-choice task performance might be due to the test area, instruction/scoring condition, and item difficulty.

Ng, Annie W. Y.; Chan, Alan H. S.

2009-10-01

69

Department of Physics and Engineering Physics College of Arts & Science  

E-print Network

Department of Physics and Engineering Physics College of Arts & Science Faculty Position in Condensed Matter Theory The Department of Physics and Engineering Physics, College of Arts & Science. To learn more about the College of Arts and Science and the Department of Physics and Engineering Physics

Saskatchewan, University of

70

Inference for the physical sciences  

PubMed Central

There is a disconnect between developments in modern data analysis and some parts of the physical sciences in which they could find ready use. This introduction, and this issue, provides resources to help experimental researchers access modern data analysis tools and exposure for analysts to extant challenges in physical science. We include a table of resources connecting statistical and physical disciplines and point to appropriate books, journals, videos and articles. We conclude by highlighting the relevance of each of the articles in the associated issue. PMID:23277613

Jones, Nick S.; Maccarone, Thomas J.

2013-01-01

71

Inference for the physical sciences.  

PubMed

There is a disconnect between developments in modern data analysis and some parts of the physical sciences in which they could find ready use. This introduction, and this issue, provides resources to help experimental researchers access modern data analysis tools and exposure for analysts to extant challenges in physical science. We include a table of resources connecting statistical and physical disciplines and point to appropriate books, journals, videos and articles. We conclude by highlighting the relevance of each of the articles in the associated issue. PMID:23277613

Jones, Nick S; Maccarone, Thomas J

2013-02-13

72

ScienceMaster - Physical Science Homework Helpers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As part of the much larger commercial site ScienceMaster, the Physical Science page Homework Helper contains an interactive periodic table, scientific calculator and several glossaries of related terms. The site also provides length, area, mass, and temperature equivalency converters and even a weight calculator to determine how much you would weigh if you were on the moon or one of several planets. Students from junior high on will find these and the several other tools provided very useful and fun to explore.

2001-01-01

73

BachelorofScience/BachelorofEducation Physics/ScienceEducation  

E-print Network

in Physics are strongly advised to seek help in planning their program from the Department of PhysicsBachelorofScience/BachelorofEducation Physics/ScienceEducation This is a planning guide and Science or Faculty of Education for advising information. Program Planning Guide Major in Physics: www.uleth.ca/artsci/physics

Seldin, Jonathan P.

74

Powerful Ideas in Physical Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Powerful Ideas course model is intended for faculty who teach college students who are studying to be tomorrowâs elementary educators. The six volumes that make up the Powerful Ideas materials were developed and field tested by teams of physics and physical science educators with experience in guided inquiry teaching methods. The course content focuses on those physical science concepts that are initially introduced in elementary science curricula. The materials are available in both PDF and MS Word format and can be easily modified to build an introductory physical science course for non-science majors. Easy-to-use worksheets and a structured questioning pattern enables pre-service teachers to experience a hands-on, inquiry-based learning experience that models the way their students should experience science learning. The college instructorâs materials parallel student activities and provide important insights and instructional background. Assessment strategies are included to assist faculty in developing techniques that assess meaningful learning. The six volumes: Light and Color, Electricity, Heat and Conservation of Energy, Nature of Matter, Force, and Motion can be used chronologically or in optional order. To offer a course constructed and modeled on Powerful Ideas in Physical Science, a department needs to purchase only one set of course development materials. These materials include student and instructor materials, rights to copy and distribute student materials, and access to a discussion list of Powerful Ideas users. No other textbook is necessary. Departments who have adopted the curriculum materials often sell the student materials in course packets through their bookstores which allows the department to recover the initial cost of the modules, as well as provide a source of funds to purchase materials that can be used in the course.

2004-04-23

75

Physical Science in Bologna  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We provide a guide to Bologna, Italy, focusing particularly on sites of interest to physicists. Our first tour is in the city center; it begins in the Piazza Maggiore at the Palazzo d'Accursio, the Basilica di San Petronio, and the Archiginnasio (Old University) and then proceeds to the Two Towers and the Palazzo Poggi, which houses the Astronomical Observatory Museum and other important instrument and art collections; it concludes at the Physics Museum, Department of Physics and Astronomy. Our second tour again begins in the Piazza Maggiore but goes to sites beyond the city center where famous Bolognese physicists and other scientists were born, lived, and are buried. Finally, we point out important museums and other institutions on the outskirts of Bologna.

Dragoni, Giorgio; Stojanovic, Ivana

2013-03-01

76

A Diagnostic Study of Pre-Service Teachers' Competency in Multiple-Choice Item Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Large class size is an issue in testing at all levels of Education. As a panacea to this, multiple choice test formats has become very popular. This case study was designed to diagnose pre-service teachers' competency in constructing questions (IQT); direct questions (DQT); and best answer (BAT) varieties of multiple choice items. Subjects were 88…

Asim, Alice E.; Ekuri, Emmanuel E.; Eni, Eni I.

2013-01-01

77

Multiple-Choice and Short-Answer Exam Performance in a College Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors experimentally investigated the effects of multiple-choice and short-answer format exam items on exam performance in a college classroom. They randomly assigned 50 students to take a 10-item short-answer pretest or posttest on two 50-item multiple-choice exams in an introduction to personality course. Students performed significantly…

Funk, Steven C.; Dickson, K. Laurie

2011-01-01

78

Using Multiple-Choice Questions to Evaluate In-Depth Learning of Economics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiple-choice questions are the basis of a significant portion of assessment in introductory economics courses. However, these questions, as found in course assessments, test banks, and textbooks, often fail to evaluate students' abilities to use and apply economic analysis. The authors conclude that multiple-choice questions can be used to…

Buckles, Stephen; Siegfried, John J.

2006-01-01

79

Testing Collective Memory: Representing the Soviet Union on Multiple-Choice Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article tests the assumption that state-mandated multiple-choice history exams are a cultural tool for disseminating an "official" collective memory. Findings from a qualitative study of a collection of multiple-choice questions that relate to the history of the Soviet Union are presented. The 263 questions all come from New York State…

Reich, Gabriel A.

2011-01-01

80

Combining Independent Modules to Solve Multiple-choice Synonym and Analogy Problems  

E-print Network

(choices are the 10 digits), word sense disam- biguation (choices are a word's possible senses), text for solving multiple-choice synonym questions can be used to determine the semantic orientation of a wordCombining Independent Modules to Solve Multiple-choice Synonym and Analogy Problems Peter D. Turney

Littman, Michael L.

81

Multiple Choice Testing and the Retrieval Hypothesis of the Testing Effect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Taking a test often leads to enhanced later memory for the tested information, a phenomenon known as the "testing effect". This memory advantage has been reliably demonstrated with recall tests but not multiple choice tests. One potential explanation for this finding is that multiple choice tests do not rely on retrieval processes to the same…

Sensenig, Amanda E.

2010-01-01

82

A comparative study of students' performance in preclinical physiology assessed by multiple choice and short essay questions.  

PubMed

This study was designed to compare the performance of medical students in physiology when assessed by multiple choice questions (MCQs) and short essay questions (SEQs). The study also examined the influence of factors such as age, sex, O/level grades and JAMB scores on performance in the MCQs and SEQs. A structured questionnaire was administered to 264 medical students' four months before the Part I MBBS examination. Apart from personal data of each student, the questionnaire sought information on the JAMB scores and GCE O' Level grades of each student in English Language, Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics. The physiology syllabus was divided into five parts and the students were administered separate examinations (tests) on each part. Each test consisted of MCQs and SEQs. The performance in MCQs and SEQs were compared. Also, the effects of JAMB scores and GCE O/level grades on the performance in both the MCQs and SEQs were assessed. The results showed that the students performed better in all MCQ tests than in the SEQs. JAMB scores and O' level English Language grade had no significant effect on students' performance in MCQs and SEQs. However O' level grades in Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics had significant effects on performance in MCQs and SEQs. Inadequate knowledge of physiology and inability to present information in a logical sequence are believed to be major factors contributing to the poorer performance in the SEQs compared with MCQs. In view of the finding of significant association between performance in MCQs and SEQs and GCE O/level grades in science subjects and mathematics, it was recommended that both JAMB results and the GCE results in the four O/level subjects above may be considered when selecting candidates for admission into the medical schools. PMID:11713989

Oyebola, D D; Adewoye, O E; Iyaniwura, J O; Alada, A R; Fasanmade, A A; Raji, Y

2000-01-01

83

Assessing Physical Science Online Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Spring 2000, a web-based version of a general education physical science class was piloted at Brigham Young University. Student attitudes and content mastery were compared for students enrolled in online and traditional classroom sections of the course. Students were classified according to Martinez's Intentional Learning paradigm. Overall, students in the online course performed at the same level as students

David Balogh; R. Steven Turley; Laralee Ireland; Greg Waddoups

2000-01-01

84

College of Science Department of Physics  

E-print Network

College of Science Department of Physics Bachelor of Arts Major: PHYSICS For students graduating credit hours) 3D 3D Area 3 - Society and Human Behavior (6 credit hours) HIST 3705 History of Science 30 HIST 3706 History of Science or STS 3705 History of Science 30 or STS 3706 History of Science Area 4

Virginia Tech

85

Student Science Training Program in Mathematics, Physics and Computer Science  

E-print Network

During the summer of 1976, the Massachussetts Institute of Technology Artificial Intelligence Laboratory sponsored a Student Science Training Program in Mathematics, Physics and Computer Science for high ability ...

Abelson, Harold

1976-09-01

86

Map of the Physical Sciences  

SciTech Connect

Various efforts to map the structure of science have been undertaken over the years. Using a new tool, VxInsight{trademark}, we have mapped and displayed 3000 journals in the physical sciences. This map is navigable and interactively reveals the structure of science at many different levels. Science mapping studies are typically focused at either the macro-or micro-level. At a macro-level such studies seek to determine the basic structural units of science and their interrelationships. The majority of studies are performed at the discipline or specialty level, and seek to inform science policy and technical decision makers. Studies at both levels probe the dynamic nature of science, and the implications of the changes. A variety of databases and methods have been used for these studies. Primary among databases are the citation indices (SCI and SSCI) from the Institute for Scientific Information, which have gained widespread acceptance for bibliometric studies. Maps are most often based on computed similarities between journal articles (co-citation), keywords or topics (co-occurrence or co-classification), or journals (journal-journal citation counts). Once the similarity matrix is defined, algorithms are used to cluster the data.

Boyack, Kevin W.

1999-07-02

87

Writing/Using Multiple-Choice Questions to Assess Higher-Order Thinking  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Most graduate entrance exams (including the GRE, MCAT, and DAT) are based on multiple-choice questions. Many later exams, such as the medical board exams, are also multiple choice. Therefore, it is important to make sure that students are prepared for higher-order multiple choice exams and the reasoning that is required to answer the questions in a proficient manner. This free selection includes the Table of Contents, Preface, and Index. As a special bonus, Chapter 24, entitled Eleven Assessment Lessons Learned at the Gate is also included.

Kerry L. Cheesman, Capital University, Columbus, Ohio

2009-02-01

88

Measuring University students' understanding of the greenhouse effect - a comparison of multiple-choice, short answer and concept sketch assessment tools with respect to students' mental models  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The greenhouse effect comes up in most discussions about climate and is a key concept related to climate change. Existing studies have shown that students and adults alike lack a detailed understanding of this important concept or might hold misconceptions. We studied the effectiveness of different interventions on University-level students' understanding of the greenhouse effect. Introductory level science students were tested for their pre-knowledge of the greenhouse effect using validated multiple-choice questions, short answers and concept sketches. All students participated in a common lesson about the greenhouse effect and were then randomly assigned to one of two lab groups. One group explored an existing simulation about the greenhouse effect (PhET-lesson) and the other group worked with absorption spectra of different greenhouse gases (Data-lesson) to deepen the understanding of the greenhouse effect. All students completed the same assessment including multiple choice, short answers and concept sketches after participation in their lab lesson. 164 students completed all the assessments, 76 completed the PhET lesson and 77 completed the data lesson. 11 students missed the contrasting lesson. In this presentation we show the comparison between the multiple-choice questions, short answer questions and the concept sketches of students. We explore how well each of these assessment types represents student's knowledge. We also identify items that are indicators of the level of understanding of the greenhouse effect as measured in correspondence of student answers to an expert mental model and expert responses. Preliminary data analysis shows that student who produce concept sketch drawings that come close to expert drawings also choose correct multiple-choice answers. However, correct multiple-choice answers are not necessarily an indicator that a student produces an expert-like correlating concept sketch items. Multiple-choice questions that require detailed knowledge of the greenhouse effect (e.g. direction of re-emission of infrared energy from greenhouse gas) are significantly more likely to be answered correctly by students who also produce expert-like concept sketch items than by students who don't include this aspect in their sketch and don't answer the multiple choice questions correctly. This difference is not as apparent for less technical multiple-choice questions (e.g. type of radiation emitted by Sun). Our findings explore the formation of student's mental models throughout different interventions and how well the different assessment techniques used in this study represent the student understanding of the overall concept.

Gold, A. U.; Harris, S. E.

2013-12-01

89

Science Without Borders: Mathematics and Physics  

E-print Network

Science Without Borders: Mathematics and Physics The School of Mathematics and Physics at Queenís University Belfast (www.qub.ac.uk/mp) welcomes applicants for studies through the Science without Borders

Paxton, Anthony T.

90

Further Physics: Cambridge Modular Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This slender text was written to support the teaching of A- and AS-level physics modules within the Cambridge Modular Science scheme. Its usefulness will not be confined to those courses. The topics addressed are circular motion, gravity, simple harmonic motion, waves, electrostatics, capacitors and d.c. and a.c. circuits. The book lends itself well for use as a student reference. It

Jon Scaife

1997-01-01

91

CLIMATE CHANGE 2013: THE PHYSICAL SCIENCE BASIS  

E-print Network

11 CLIMATE CHANGE 2013: THE PHYSICAL SCIENCE BASIS IPCC reports are policy-relevant but not policy Climate Change 2013: the Physical Science Basis . With this milestone, the first of three major IPCC Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report

Plattner, Gian-Kasper

92

CLIMATE CHANGE 2013 The Physical Science Basis  

E-print Network

CLIMATE CHANGE 2013 The Physical Science Basis Summary for Policymakers WORKING GROUP I INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON climate change #12;#12;Climate Change 2013 The Physical Science Basis Working Group I be cited as: IPCC, 2013: Summary for Policymakers. In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis

Stocker, Thomas

93

Edgy Science II: From NSF Physics Frontier  

E-print Network

Edgy Science II: From NSF Physics Frontier Centers NSTA `09 New Orleans, LA http://kicp.uchicago.edu/nsta09 From brains to the Big Bang, take a crash course in forefront science with the NSF Physics course in forefront science with the NSF Physics Frontier Centers including hands-on activities

Collar, Juan I.

94

Physics Department College of Science and Management  

E-print Network

FAPH05-11 Physics Department College of Science and Management Instructor 1 (Full-time Eight Month currently offers a Physics BSc degree, joint degrees with Mathematics, Computer Science and Chemistry and an MSc degree. Physics is the study of nature at its most fundamental level. As such, it is the science

Northern British Columbia, University of

95

Physical Sciences Division Robert Fefferman, Dean  

E-print Network

Physical Sciences Division Robert Fefferman, Dean Michael J. Foote, Associate Dean Richard Hefley, Dean of Students Division of the Physical Sciences 5747 Ellis Ave. University of Chicago Chicago, IL 60637 Tel: (773) 702-8789 E-mail: individual departments http://physical- sciences.uchicago.edu/ Click

He, Chuan

96

Are faculty predictions or item taxonomies useful for estimating the outcome of multiple-choice examinations?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes a study evaluating whether multiple-choice item difficulty could be predicted either by a subjective judgment by the question author or by applying a learning taxonomy to the items.

Jonathan D. Kibble (University of Central Florida College of Medicine); Teresa Johnson (University of Central Florida)

2011-12-01

97

Quality Multiple-Choice Test Questions: Item-Writing Guidelines and an Analysis of Auditing Testbanks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of test item banks in 10 auditing textbooks found that 75% of questions violated one or more guidelines for multiple-choice items. In comparison, 70% of a certified public accounting exam bank had no violations. (SK)

Hansen, James D.; Dexter, Lee

1997-01-01

98

How Well Do Multiple Choice Tests Evaluate Student Understanding in Computer Programming Classes?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the wide diversity of formats with which to construct class examinations, there are many reasons why both university students and instructors prefer multiple-choice tests over other types of exam questions. The purpose of the present study was to examine this multiple-choice\\/constructed-response debate within the context of teaching computer programming classes. This paper reports the analysis of over 150 test

William L. Kuechler; Mark G. Simkin

99

Are multiple choice tests fair to medical students with specific learning disabilities?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of multiple choice tests of medical knowledge is to estimate as accurately as possible a candidate’s level of\\u000a knowledge. However, concern is sometimes expressed that multiple choice tests may also discriminate in undesirable and irrelevant\\u000a ways, such as between minority ethnic groups or by sex of candidates. There is little literature to establish whether multiple\\u000a choice tests may

Chris Ricketts; Julie Brice; Lee Coombes

2010-01-01

100

Measures of Partial Knowledge and Unexpected Responses in Multiple-Choice Tests  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates differences in the partial scoring performance of examinees in elimination testing and conventional dichotomous scoring of multiple-choice tests implemented on a computer-based system. Elimination testing that uses the same set of multiple-choice items rewards examinees with partial knowledge over those who are simply guessing. This study provides a computer-based test and item analysis system to reduce the

Shao-hua Chang; Pei-chun Lin; Zih-chuan Lin

2007-01-01

101

A participatory learning approach to biochemistry using student authored and evaluated multiple-choice questions.  

PubMed

A participatory learning approach, combined with both a traditional and a competitive assessment, was used to motivate students and promote a deep approach to learning biochemistry. Students were challenged to research, author, and explain their own multiple-choice questions (MCQs). They were also required to answer, evaluate, and discuss MCQs written by their peers. The technology used to support this activity was PeerWise--a freely available, innovative web-based system that supports students in the creation of an annotated question repository. In this case study, we describe students' contributions to, and perceptions of, the PeerWise system for a cohort of 107 second-year biomedical science students from three degree streams studying a core biochemistry subject. Our study suggests that the students are eager participants and produce a large repository of relevant, good quality MCQs. In addition, they rate the PeerWise system highly and use higher order thinking skills while taking an active role in their learning. We also discuss potential issues and future work using PeerWise for biomedical students. PMID:21948507

Bottomley, Steven; Denny, Paul

2011-01-01

102

BOOK REVIEW: Key Science Physics: New Edition and Key Science Physics for International Schools: Extension File  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When handling , I recalled how one set of sixth-form students that I taught affectionately referred to Jim Breithaupt's large format book Understanding Physics for Advanced Level as `Big Jim'. This package, for GCSE students and teachers, is its younger brother. Key Science Physics was reviewed in this journal over four years ago. Now it is in a new edition with an expanded ring file of teacher resources (a Teacher's Guide and Extension File). It has been expanded for a wider range of students to meet the requirements of all GCSE syllabuses with additional topics for IGCSE and IB. The international bit seems to be among materials in the file of resources and does not appear in the title of the students' textbook. This is not one of those purchases that will only get occasional use and be left in a department library but it is one that contains sufficient excellent material to become central to any GCSE Physics course. For the students there is a single-volume 396-page textbook in full colour (not a heavyweight book). Marginal comments point out places where an Activity or Assignment from the Extension File fits in. All the materials in the teacher's Extension File are cross referenced to the numbering of this textbook, i.e. its Themes, Topics, Checkpoints, Tests etc, not to page numbers. The margin is used in other attractive ways to highlight a summary, propose a first thought or provide a topic summary. The text is fruitful mix of pure physics, applications and personalities. To support the students' practical work the Extension File contains photocopiable sheets. For the activities and assignments a few contain a harder version to give access to the higher levels of attainment. Four alternatives to practical questions are given; there are also exam questions and multiple choice questions for each topic. These all have helpful mark schemes on the teacher's answers pages. What else do you get? A Glossary collection of sheets to photocopy with space to enter a definition in a second language. Versions of many key diagrams in the student book are enlarged and reworked in clear black and white to make OHP transparencies. There is a mention of these also being in colour on a CD-ROM. The organization of the Extension File is as clear as is reasonably possible. As a user, I would add coloured page dividers to mark the sections within it. The Teacher's Guide is admirable in its restraint - just 26 sides of topic notes - which includes the answers to the non-numerical checkpoint questions missing in the student book. It is not wordy or full of educational theory but succinct and relevant to the day-to-day business of learning with these materials. Reading it, I was aware of the snags that a novice teacher might be glad to know but were missing. As always, materials like these should come with a health warning - try out all homework sheets, instructions for activities and assignments before your students!

Maybank, Maureen

1999-09-01

103

Physical Sciences MONTANA STATE UNIVERSITYBOZEMAN MOUNTAINS & MINDS  

E-print Network

Physical Sciences MONTANA STATE UNIVERSITYBOZEMAN MOUNTAINS & MINDS Chemistry The Department is in surficial geology/physical geography, along with a traditional strength in snow science. The Mountain of industrial and agricultural chemicals, fundamental work in materials science, and the biochemistry portion

Dyer, Bill

104

College of Engineering and Physical Sciences School of Computer Science  

E-print Network

College of Engineering and Physical Sciences School of Computer Science I would highly recommend have made! Matt Roberts, ICY student Intercalated Year in Computer Science, ICY-CS ComputerUniversityofBirmingham hasstartedaninnovativenewprogramme. Termedthe`IntercalatedYearinComputer Science'(orICY-CS),itoffersstudents fromnon

Priestley, Hilary

105

DEPT OF PHYSICS AND MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS AND MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING  

E-print Network

DEPT OF PHYSICS AND MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS AND MATERIALS program in Physics and Materials Science and Engineering are eligible to receive competitive fellowships in Physics with M.Eng. in Materials Science and Engineering Overview of Program The program allows up to 21

Huang, Haiying

106

Clifford algebras and physical and engineering sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Clifford algebra in physical and engineering science are studied. Roles of triality symmetry of Cartan's spinor in axial anomaly of particle physics and quaternion and octonion in the memristic circuits are discussed.

Furui, Sadataka

2013-10-01

107

Can Peer Instruction Be Effective in Upper-Division Computer Science Courses?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer Instruction (PI) is an active learning pedagogical technique. PI lectures present students with a series of multiple-choice questions, which they respond to both individually and in groups. PI has been widely successful in the physical sciences and, recently, has been successfully adopted by computer science instructors in lower-division,…

Bailey Lee, Cynthia; Garcia, Saturnino; Porter, Leo

2013-01-01

108

77 FR 17102 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences Correction The National Science...Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences Advisory Committee (66...Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Room 1005, National...

2012-03-23

109

BS in TEACHING PHYSICAL SCIENCE (690128) Map Sheet College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

to prepare students to teach in public schools. In order to graduate with this major, students are requiredBS in TEACHING PHYSICAL SCIENCE (690128) Map Sheet College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Science Social Science Core Enrichment: Electives Religion Electives Open Electives GRADUATION

Hart, Gus

110

BS in TEACHING PHYSICAL SCIENCE (690128) MAP Sheet College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

to prepare students to teach in public schools. In order to graduate with this major, students are requiredBS in TEACHING PHYSICAL SCIENCE (690128) MAP Sheet College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Science Social Science Core Enrichment: Electives Religion Electives Open Electives GRADUATION

Olsen Jr., Dan R.

111

Effects of reinforcer magnitude and alternative reinforcer delay on preference for alcohol during a multiple-choice procedure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Multiple-Choice Procedure [MCP; Griffiths, R.R., Troisi II, J.R., Silverman, K., Mumford, G.K., 1993. Multiple-choice procedure: an efficient approach for investigating drug reinforcement in humans. Behav. Pharmacol. 4, 3–13; Griffiths, R.R., Rush, C.R., Puhala, K.A., 1996. Validation of the multiple-choice procedure for investigating drug reinforcement in humans. Behav. Pharmacol. 4, 3–13] was developed to investigate the relationship between drug preferences

Trisha A. Benson; Carolyn S. Little; Amber M. Henslee; Christopher J. Correia

2009-01-01

112

Research frontiers in the physical sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a prestigious generalist journal with a high scholarly reputation and a long influential history, the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (Series A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences), is an ideal vehicle for charting research frontiers across the physical sciences. It is the world's longest running scientific journal, and all issues since its foundation in 1665 are archived electronically

J. M. T. Thompson

2002-01-01

113

Introductory Physics for the Life Sciences Conference  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web site contains the proceedings from the Introductory Physics for the Life Sciences (IPLS) conference, held in March 2014. Materials available include presentations and posters from the conference and a database of syllabi for physics courses for a life science audience.

2014-07-28

114

Physical Science Experiments for Scientific Glassblowing Technicians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The twenty experiments in this text have been designed to give the scientific glassblowing technician the opportunity to use scientific glass apparatus in the study of physical science. Primary emphasis of these experiments is on the practical application of the physical science program as a working tool for the scientific glassblowing technician.…

Tillis, Samuel E.; Donaghay, Herbert C.

115

Physical Science in Constructivist Early Childhood Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers at the Freeburg Early Childhood Program know that experimentation with physical science is of great interest to young children, and can begin as early as the age of 3. The constructivist teachers at this experimental school at the University of Northern Iowa worked for six years to develop a center-based approach to physical science with…

Kato, Tsuguhiko; Van Meeteren, Beth Dykstra

2008-01-01

116

Physical Science Rocks! Outreach for Elementary Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students at Copiah-Lincoln Community College (Co-Lin) have been hesitant to take courses in the physical sciences, mostly because of a lack of exposure to them in K-12 or a bad experience in this area. The college is addressing this need by exposing students to the physical sciences early on in their education. The science division at Co-Lin has…

McKone, Kevin

2010-01-01

117

Read-Aloud Accommodation: Effects on Multiple-Choice Reading and Math Items. Technical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most prevalent and controversial accommodations for students with disabilities is an audio presentation of written test material, the "read-aloud" accommodation. This study used test administration data from the Missouri Assessment Program to examine effects of using the read-aloud accommodation on the characteristics of multiple-choice

Bielinski, John; Thurlow, Martha; Ysseldyke, James; Freidebach, Jim; Freidebach, Melodie

118

A Cognitive Diagnosis Model for Cognitively Based Multiple-Choice Options  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cognitive or skills diagnosis models are discrete latent variable models developed specifically for the purpose of identifying the presence or absence of multiple fine-grained skills. However, applications of these models typically involve dichotomous or dichotomized data, including data from multiple-choice (MC) assessments that are scored as…

de la Torre, Jimmy

2009-01-01

119

Sex Differences in the Tendency to Omit Items on Multiple-Choice Tests: 1980-2000  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much has been written concerning the potential group differences in responding to multiple-choice achievement test items. This discussion has included references to possible disparities in tendency to omit such test items. When test scores are used for high-stakes decision making, even small differences in scores and rankings that arise from male…

von Schrader, Sarah; Ansley, Timothy

2006-01-01

120

A Modified Beta Binomial Model with Applications to Multiple Choice and Taste Tests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A modified beta binomial model is presented for use in analyzing random guessing multiple choice tests and taste tests. Detection probabilities for each item are distributed beta across the population subjects. Properties for the observable distribution of correct responses are derived. Two concepts of true score estimates are presented.…

Morrison, Donald G.; Brockway, George

1979-01-01

121

Comparing Assessments of Students' Knowledge by Computerized Open-Ended and Multiple-Choice Tests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interactive computerized tests accepting unrestricted natural-language input were used to assess knowledge of clinical biophysics at the State University of New York at Buffalo. Comparison of responses to open-ended sequential questions and multiple-choice questions on the same material found the two formats test different aspects of competence.…

Anbar, Michael

1991-01-01

122

Pick-N Multiple Choice-Exams: A Comparison of Scoring Algorithms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To compare different scoring algorithms for Pick-N multiple correct answer multiple-choice (MC) exams regarding test reliability, student performance, total item discrimination and item difficulty. Data from six 3rd year medical students' end of term exams in internal medicine from 2005 to 2008 at Munich University were analysed (1,255 students,…

Bauer, Daniel; Holzer, Matthias; Kopp, Veronika; Fischer, Martin R.

2011-01-01

123

Comparison of Oral Examination and Electronic Examination Using Paired Multiple-Choice Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present research was to compare the use of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) as an examination method against the oral examination (OE) method. MCQs are widely used and their importance seems likely to grow, due to their inherent suitability for electronic assessment. However, MCQs are influenced by the tendency of examinees to guess…

Ventouras, Errikos; Triantis, Dimos; Tsiakas, Panagiotis; Stergiopoulos, Charalampos

2011-01-01

124

Automated Multiple-Choice Testing for Summative Assessment: What Do Students Think?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports undergraduate student feedback contrasting conventional "Long-answer" examinations with automated multiple-choice question (MCQ) assessment. Feedback was gathered after students had undertaken formative MCQ assessments as a revision aid. Feedback was generally supportive of MCQ summative tests, with 74% expressing a preference…

Bridge, Pete; Appleyard, Rob; Wilson, Rob

2007-01-01

125

E-Assessment by Design: Using Multiple-Choice Tests to Good Effect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last decade, larger student numbers, reduced resources and increasing use of new technologies have led to the increased use of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) as a method of assessment in higher education courses. This paper identifies some limitations associated with MCQs from a pedagogical standpoint. It then provides an assessment…

Nicol, David

2007-01-01

126

Assertion-Reason Multiple-Choice Testing as a Tool for Deep Learning: A Qualitative Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reflects on the ongoing debate surrounding the usefulness (or otherwise) of multiple-choice questions (MCQ) as an assessment instrument. The context is a graduate school of business in Australia where an experiment was conducted to investigate the use of assertion-reason questions (ARQ), a sophisticated form of MCQ that aims to…

Williams, Jeremy B.

2006-01-01

127

Multiple Choice Questions Can Be Designed or Revised to Challenge Learners' Critical Thinking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiple choice (MC) questions from a graduate physiology course were evaluated by cognitive-psychology (but not physiology) experts, and analyzed statistically, in order to test the independence of content expertise and cognitive complexity ratings of MC items. Integration of higher order thinking into MC exams is important, but widely known to…

Tractenberg, Rochelle E.; Gushta, Matthew M.; Mulroney, Susan E.; Weissinger, Peggy A.

2013-01-01

128

Predicting the severity of motor vehicle accident injuries using models of ordered multiple choice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents statistical evidence showing how variations in the attributes of road users can lead to variations in the probabilities of sustaining different levels of injury in motor vehicle accidents. Data from New South Wales, Australia, is used to estimate two models of multiple choice which are reasonably commonplace in the econometrics literature: the ordered logit model and the

C. J. O'Donnell; D. H. Connor

1996-01-01

129

Using the Distractor Categories of Multiple-Choice Items to Improve IRT Linking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Simulation and real data studies are used to investigate the value of modeling multiple-choice distractors on item response theory linking. Using the characteristic curve linking procedure for Bock's (1972) nominal response model presented by Kim and Hanson (2002), all-category linking (i.e., a linking based on all category characteristic curves…

Kim, Jee-Seon

2006-01-01

130

A Statistical Analysis of Infrequent Events on Multiple-Choice Tests that Indicate Probable Cheating  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A statistical analysis of multiple-choice answers is performed to identify anomalies that can be used as evidence of student cheating. The ratio of exact errors in common (EEIC: two students put the same wrong answer for a question) to differences (D: two students get different answers) was found to be a good indicator of cheating under a wide…

Sundermann, Michael J.

2008-01-01

131

A Participatory Learning Approach to Biochemistry Using Student Authored and Evaluated Multiple-Choice Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A participatory learning approach, combined with both a traditional and a competitive assessment, was used to motivate students and promote a deep approach to learning biochemistry. Students were challenged to research, author, and explain their own multiple-choice questions (MCQs). They were also required to answer, evaluate, and discuss MCQs…

Bottomley, Steven; Denny, Paul

2011-01-01

132

Grading Multiple Choice Exams with Low-Cost and Portable Computer-Vision Techniques  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although technology for automatic grading of multiple choice exams has existed for several decades, it is not yet as widely available or affordable as it should be. The main reasons preventing this adoption are the cost and the complexity of the setup procedures. In this paper, "Eyegrade," a system for automatic grading of multiple…

Fisteus, Jesus Arias; Pardo, Abelardo; García, Norberto Fernández

2013-01-01

133

Finding Relationships between Multiple-Choice Math Tests and Their Stem-Equivalent Constructed Responses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study takes a close look at relationships between scores on a Mathematics standardized test in two different testing formats--Multiple-Choice (MC) and Constructed Response (CR). Many studies have been dedicated to finding correlations between item format characteristics with regards to race and gender. Few studies, however, have attempted to…

Chaoui, Nayla Aad

2011-01-01

134

Evaluation of Statistics for Detection of Cheating on Multiple-Choice Tests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of an index reflecting the probability that the observed correspondence between multiple choice test responses of two examinees was due to chance in the absence of copying was previously reported. The present paper reports the implementation of a statistic requiring less restrictive underlying assumptions but more computation time…

Frary, Robert B.; Tideman, T. Nicolaus

135

A Better Benchmark Assessment: Multiple-Choice versus Project-Based  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this literature review and Ex Post Facto descriptive study was to determine which type of benchmark assessment, multiple-choice or project-based, provides the best indication of general success on the history portion of the CST (California Standards Tests). The result of the study indicates that although the project-based benchmark…

Peariso, Jamon F.

2006-01-01

136

Not Read, but Nevertheless Solved? Three Experiments on PIRLS Multiple Choice Reading Comprehension Test Items  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiple-choice (MC) reading comprehension test items comprise three components: text passage, questions about the text, and MC answers. The construct validity of this format has been repeatedly criticized. In three between-subjects experiments, fourth graders (N[subscript 1] = 230, N[subscript 2] = 340, N[subscript 3] = 194) worked on three…

Sparfeldt, Jorn R.; Kimmel, Rumena; Lowenkamp, Lena; Steingraber, Antje; Rost, Detlef H.

2012-01-01

137

Does Correction for Guessing Reduce Students' Performance on Multiple-Choice Examinations? Yes? No? Sometimes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiple-choice (MC) examinations are becoming increasingly popular in higher education because they can be used effectively to assess breadth of knowledge in large cohorts of students. This present research investigated psychology students' performance on, and experiences of, MC examinations with and without correction for guessing. In Study 1,…

Betts, Lucy R.; Elder, Tracey J.; Hartley, James; Trueman, Mark

2009-01-01

138

The Database Format Question: An Alternative to Multiple Choice and Free Format for Computer Based Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of computer-based testing (CBT) focuses on the development of the database format question (DFQ) which allows the user to build up a more complex answer than multiple choice by selecting items from a database presented on the computer screen. Programing is explained and an evaluation of DFQ is included. (Seven references) (LRW)

Fry, D. J.

1990-01-01

139

A best first search exact algorithm for the Multiple-choice Multidimensional Knapsack Problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose an optimal algorithm for the Multiple-choice Multidimensional Knapsack Problem MMKP. The main principle of the approach is twofold: (i) to generate an initial feasible solution as a starting lower bound, and (ii) at different levels of the search tree to determine an intermediate upper bound obtained by solving an auxiliary problem called MMKPaux and perform

Abdelkader Sbihi

2007-01-01

140

A Criterion-Referenced Multiple-Choice Test Using Slides as Cues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes development of a test using slides and corresponding multiple-choice questions for second-year occupational therapy students in child studies course. Reasons for choosing the test format are discussed and an outline of test construction procedures is given. An evaluation of the test indicates problems encountered and benefits gained.…

Bryce, Jennifer; And Others

1983-01-01

141

Multiple-Answer Multiple-Choice Test Items: Responding and Scoring Through Bayes and Minimax Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A multiple-answer multiple-choice test is one which offers several alternate choices for each stem and any number of those choices may be considered to be correct. In this article, a class of scoring procedures called the binary class is discussed. (Author/JKS)

Duncan, George T.; Milton, E. O.

1978-01-01

142

Improving Educational Assessment: A Computer-Adaptive Multiple Choice Assessment Using NRET as the Scoring Method  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessment is central to any educational process. Number Right (NR) scoring method is a conventional scoring method for multiple choice items, where students need to pick one option as the correct answer. One point is awarded for the correct response and zero for any other responses. However, it has been heavily criticized for guessing and failure…

Sie Hoe, Lau; Ngee Kiong, Lau; Kian Sam, Hong; Bin Usop, Hasbee

2009-01-01

143

Negation in Stems of Single-Response Multiple-Choice Items: An Overestimation of Student Ability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of a study involving approximately 220 student nurses indicate that the use of negation (e.g., not, except) should be avoided in stems of multiple-choice test items and that the single-response negatively worded item should often be converted to a multiple-response, positively worded item. (SLD)

Harasym, P. H.; And Others

1993-01-01

144

Mathematical Sciences: Innovations at the Interface with the Physical and Computer Sciences and Engineering  

NSF Publications Database

... Innovations at the Interface with the Physical and Computer Sciences and Engineering Program ... Foundation Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences Division of Mathematical Sciences ...

145

Astronomical Approach to Physical Science Curriculum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Astronomical Approach to Physical Science Curriculum (AAPS Curriculum) is an innovative curriculum that incorporates an astronomy theme into an inquiry-based physical science curriculum for pre-service, elementary school teachers. Many physical science courses are a non-cohesive collection of topics required for the state teaching license. Through the use of astronomy and space science examples, the AAPS Curriculum will have a coherent theme that ties the wide variety of physical science topics together and provides many real world applications for the topics covered in the course. This new curriculum will incorporate the applications of knowledge to complete the learning cycle-exploration, concept introduction, application. Astronomy and space science applications will be emphasized throughout the curriculum. The theme of astronomy was chosen to prepare elementary school teachers for teaching astronomy and space science in their classroom, as this is a topic in which many school children are consistently interested. Since astronomy is a topic that can be used as a springboard to teach many other areas of study, we want teachers who are knowledgeable in topics of astronomy so they are capable of preparing creative lessons throughout their entire curriculum that are exciting to their students. The AAPS Curriculum will train college students to become teachers who are comfortable with physical science and astronomy topics and who are excited to teach these topics in their classroom. Funding for this work is provided by the IDEAS grant program of the Space Telescope Science Institute.

Manning, H. L. K.; Churukian, A. D.

2004-11-01

146

Physics for Physical Sciences: Graphing Motion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This introductory tutorial provides examples and visualizations for beginners in the fundamentals of graphing Velocity vs. Time and Position vs. Time. Physical quantities are related to graphical features, such as the relationship between slope and velocity. Images and Flash animations are used to present the material, along with examples that demonstrate problem-solving using formulas relating to displacement and constant velocity.

Dicker, Jason; Love, Ed

147

School of Engineering Sciences Department of Physics  

E-print Network

experimental nuclear physics. Other doctoral students should discuss their participation in the course `Nuclear Instruments and Methods A'. · Reports from major international particle physics laboratories, eSchool of Engineering Sciences Department of Physics Course plan for a graduate course in 'Particle

Haviland, David

148

College of Health Sciences PT Physical Therapy  

E-print Network

College of Health Sciences PT Physical Therapy KEY: # = new course * = course changed = course concepts of pharmacology and their impact on the physical therapy management of patients. This course to the Physical Therapy Professional program and successful completion of the spring and summer semesters

MacAdam, Keith

149

Comparison of Performance on Multiple-Choice Questions and Open-Ended Questions in an Introductory Astronomy Laboratory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When considering the variety of questions that can be used to measure students' learning, instructors may choose to use multiple-choice questions, which are easier to score than responses to open-ended questions. However, by design, analyses of multiple-choice responses cannot describe all of students' understanding. One method that can…

Wooten, Michelle M.; Cool, Adrienne M.; Prather, Edward E.; Tanner, Kimberly D.

2014-01-01

150

Meta-Evaluation in Clinical Anatomy: A Practical Application of Item Response Theory in Multiple Choice Examinations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes a study measuring the quality of a clinical anatomy multiple-choice final examination using item response theory (IRT) models. The purpose for this study was to evaluate how well a traditional multiple choice exam from an older curriculum discriminated undergraduate medical students taking an updated clinical based anatomy course. Outcomes are discussed.

Milton Severo (University of Porto Medical Education); Maria Ferreira Tavares (University of Porto Anatomy)

2009-11-18

151

Application of Item Analysis to Assess Multiple-Choice Examinations in the Mississippi Master Cattle Producer Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Item analysis can serve as a useful tool in improving multiple-choice questions used in Extension programming. It can identify gaps between instruction and assessment. An item analysis of Mississippi Master Cattle Producer program multiple-choice examination responses was performed to determine the difficulty of individual examinations, assess the…

Parish, Jane A.; Karisch, Brandi B.

2013-01-01

152

Physical and Life Sciences 2008 Science & Technology Highlights  

SciTech Connect

This document highlights the outstanding research and development activities in the Physical and Life Sciences Directorate that made news in 2008. It also summarizes the awards and recognition received by members of the Directorate in 2008.

Correll, D L; Hazi, A U

2009-05-06

153

The "Next Generation Science Standards": A Focus on Physical Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What should all students know about the physical sciences? Why should all students have a basic understanding of these ideas? An amazing number of new scientific breakthroughs have occurred in the last 20 years that impact daily lives. This article focuses on the "Next Generation Science Standards" (NGSS) disciplinary core ideas in…

Krajcik, Joe

2013-01-01

154

Department of Biological, Chemical and Physical Sciences Department of Biological, Chemical and Physical Sciences  

E-print Network

- oratory. Additional research facilities include on-campus x-ray diffraction facilities, thin-film growth and Chemical Synthesis Master of Science in Chemistry Master of Health Physics Master of Science in Physics Physics Synthesis and Characterization of Inorganic Materials Synthesis and Characterization of Organic

Saniie, Jafar

155

A practical discussion to avoid common pitfalls when constructing multiple choice questions items  

PubMed Central

This paper is an attempt to produce a guide for improving the quality of Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) used in undergraduate and postgraduate assessment. Multiple Choice Questions type is the most frequently used type of assessment worldwide. Well constructed, context rich MCQs have a high reliability per hour of testing. Avoidance of technical items flaws is essential to improve the validity evidence of MCQs. Technical item flaws are essentially of two types (i) related to testwiseness, (ii) related to irrelevant difficulty. A list of such flaws is presented together with discussion of each flaw and examples to facilitate learning of this paper and to make it learner friendly. This paper was designed to be interactive with self-assessment exercises followed by the key answer with explanations. PMID:21359033

Al-Faris, Eiad A.; Alorainy, Ibrahim A.; Abdel-Hameed, Ahmad A.; Al-Rukban, Mohammed O.

2010-01-01

156

A practical discussion to avoid common pitfalls when constructing multiple choice questions items.  

PubMed

This paper is an attempt to produce a guide for improving the quality of Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) used in undergraduate and postgraduate assessment. Multiple Choice Questions type is the most frequently used type of assessment worldwide. Well constructed, context rich MCQs have a high reliability per hour of testing. Avoidance of technical items flaws is essential to improve the validity evidence of MCQs. Technical item flaws are essentially of two types (i) related to testwiseness, (ii) related to irrelevant difficulty. A list of such flaws is presented together with discussion of each flaw and examples to facilitate learning of this paper and to make it learner friendly. This paper was designed to be interactive with self-assessment exercises followed by the key answer with explanations. PMID:21359033

Al-Faris, Eiad A; Alorainy, Ibrahim A; Abdel-Hameed, Ahmad A; Al-Rukban, Mohammed O

2010-05-01

157

Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

209 Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Chair F. Barry Dunning Professors with a concentration in physical science. The bachelor of science degrees in physics, in astrophysics, and in chemical, molecular, and optical physics; biophysics; condensed matter and surface physics; earth systems science

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

158

Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, BS, MST, MS, Ph liberal education with a concentration in physical science. The bachelor of science degrees in physics; biophysics; condensed matter and surface physics; earth systems science; nuclear and particle physics

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

159

Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

246 Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, BS, MST, MS, Ph liberal education with a concentration in physical science. The bachelor of science degrees in physics; biophysics; condensed matter and surface physics; earth systems science; nuclear and particle physics

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

160

A physical sciences network characterization of non-tumorigenic and  

E-print Network

A physical sciences network characterization of non-tumorigenic and metastatic cells The Physical a physical sciences perspective, the Physical Sciences­Oncology Centers (PS-OC) Network performed molecular- and extravasation), dormancy, and re-activation. From a physical sciences perspective, metastasis can be viewed

van Oudenaarden, Alexander

161

Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

257 Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, BS, MST, MS, Ph liberal education with a concentration in physical science. The bachelor of science degrees in physics, molecular, and optical physics; biophysics; condensed matter and surface physics; earth systems science

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

162

Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

1 Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, BS, MST, MS, Ph liberal education with a concentration in physical science. The bachelor of science degrees in physics and surface physics; earth systems science; nuclear and particle physics; observa- tional astronomy; solar

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

163

Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

233 Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Chair F. Barry Dunning Professors liberal education with a concentration in physical science. The bachelor of science degrees in physics, molecular, and optical physics; biophysics; condensed matter and surface physics; earth systems science

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

164

TEACHING PHYSICS: Preparing teachers to teach physics and physical science by inquiry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In physics, neither courses for majors nor for non-majors provide the kind of preparation required for teaching physics or physical science by inquiry. Science methods courses cannot help teachers develop the depth of understanding needed for this type of teaching. Since appropriate preparation is not available through the standard curriculum, a practical alternative is to offer special physics courses for teachers.

McDermott, Lillian C.; Shaffer, Peter S.; Constantinou, C. P.

2000-11-01

165

Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science SUPPORTING PHYSICAL THERAPY EDUCATION THROUGH SPONSORSHIP  

E-print Network

of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science develops physical therapist practitioners and scholars1 Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science SUPPORTING PHYSICAL THERAPY EDUCATION THROUGH SPONSORSHIP For more than fifty years the Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation

Weber, David J.

166

Career Exploration in the Physical Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the teacher's guide is to acquaint ninth grade students with the areas of physical science and the possible occupations within those areas. By exploring some of the basic concepts of chemistry, physics, metallurgy, and geology, students gain insight into the knowledge and skill required by those in occupations related to these…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Vocational and Technical Education.

167

Faculty of Science Physics and High Technology  

E-print Network

interested in applying their training in physics to the high-tech needs of society. www curriculum with courses in business and computer science to make our graduates especially attractive to high-tech such as medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, and medical physics · Computer programming/software development · Law

168

College of Natural Science and Mathematics Department of Physics  

E-print Network

physics College of Natural Science and Mathematics Department of Physics 907-474-7339 www.uaf.edu/physics and chemistry, provides the foun- dation for work in all fields of the physical sciences and engineering of physics, climate sciences and meteorology. The Computational Physics concentration is relevant

Hartman, Chris

169

Science Class: Free Chemistry and Physics Lessons  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This free website will help you to enrich your learning in science. It provides free science online ressources for kids, students, beginners, parents looking for homeworks help and everyone curious about physics and chemistry. It can be useful for self studying, to review lessons, to prepare for science exams, for learning scientific basis and even for school projects. All learners can access without restriction to science lessons in various fields such as chemistry, electricity, optics or mechanics written with scientific rigor. Most of these lessons, written with simple words, include basics notions making them understandable by everyone.

2012-01-01

170

Guide to Supervision in the Physical Natural Sciences 1 Faculty Board of Physics and Chemistry, 2013  

E-print Network

Guide to Supervision in the Physical Natural Sciences 1 Faculty who are intending to supervise undergraduates in the physical Natural Sciences. Supervision practice is quite similar for the different physical science courses

Lasenby, Joan

171

Physics is the fundamental science: the study of matter and  

E-print Network

PHYSICS Physics is the fundamental science: the study of matter and energy and of their interactions. Physics is the basis for all science and for all applied science and engineering. Physicists is the basic underpinning for all science and technology, physics majors have many career alternatives. Many

172

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Fall 2010 To qualify for the Dean's List Jakob Samuel Adams Computer Science Kevin Wayne Ames Chemistry Kolten Lex Barfuss Physics David Jeffrey Computer Science Eric D Gibbs Applied Physics Tyler P Gill Computer Science Matthew D Gillon Physics

Hart, Gus

173

The effect of levels of cooperation within physical science laboratory groups on physical science achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the levels of group cooperation on students' achievement during a series of physical science laboratory activities. Six intact seventh-grade physical science classes taught by two teachers, with each teacher instructing three classes, were selected from two middle schools. For each teacher, one of the classes was taught with a

Huey-Por Chang; Norman G. Lederman

1994-01-01

174

The Philosophy of Physical Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Preface; 1. Scientific epistemology; 2. Selective subjectivism; 3. Unobservables; 4. The scope of epistemological method; 5. Epistemology and relativity theory; 6. Epistemology and quantum theory; 7. Discovery or manufacture; 8. The concept of analysis; 9. The concept of structure; 10. The concept of existence; 11. The physical universe; 12. The beginnings of knowledge; 13. The synthesis of knowledge; Index.

Eddington, Arthur

2012-10-01

175

Roadmap: Physics Biological Sciences -Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-BISC  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physics ­Biological Sciences - Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-BISC] College of the Arts and Sciences Department of Physics Biological Sciences Minor [BISC] College of the Arts and Sciences Department Basic Sciences MATH 12003 Analytic Geometry and Calculus II 5 PHY 23101 General University Physics I 5

Sheridan, Scott

176

Roadmap: Physics Computer Science -Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-CS  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physics ­ Computer Science - Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-CS] College of the Arts and Sciences Department of Physics Computer Science Minor [CS] College of the Arts and Sciences Department Geometry and Calculus II 5 PHY 23101 General University Physics I 5 Fulfills Kent Core Basic Sciences

Sheridan, Scott

177

Roadmap: Physics Computer Science -Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-CS  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physics � Computer Science - Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-CS] College of the Arts and Sciences Department of Physics Computer Science Minor [CS] College of the Arts and Sciences Department PHY 23101 General University Physics I 5 Fulfills Kent Core Basic Sciences Semester Three: [16 Credit

Sheridan, Scott

178

Using Science Fiction Movies in Introductory Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper discusses the use of science fiction movies in introductory physics courses at Spelman College. There are several reasons to use these movies in the classroom environment. Movies are a visual learning aid. Introductory physics students show a strong interest in participating in movie-related activities compared to standard group problem-solving sessions. Finally, these activities encourage creative thinking and can be used to develop writing skills. The students involved with these movie-based activities have included biology and pre-medical majors taking general physics. In the introductory level courses, physics, chemistry, and engineering majors worked on movie-based activities.

Dark, Marta L.

2005-10-01

179

Teaching Physical Sciences by Ocean Inquiry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This semester-long course is designed to introduce science undergraduates to ocean and climate related processes that can be used to teach general physical concepts (e.g. density, buoyancy, pressure, heat and temperature, waves), using a variety of hands-on activities. Students will be introduced to pedagogical methods that will give them the tools to communicate their science knowledge to broader audiences. The course is held at the University of Maine, Orono, Maine.

180

Developing the learning physical science curriculum: Adapting a small enrollment, laboratory and discussion based physical science course for large enrollments  

E-print Network

Developing the learning physical science curriculum: Adapting a small enrollment, laboratory and discussion based physical science course for large enrollments Fred Goldberg,1 Edward Price,2 Stephen of the small enrollment, lab and discussion based physical science course, Physical Science and Everyday

Goldberg, Fred M.

181

Physical Sciences for Elementary School Teachers Page 213Sonoma State University 2012-2013 Catalog PHYSICAL SCIENCES FOR ELEMENTARY  

E-print Network

Physical Sciences for Elementary School Teachers Page 213Sonoma State University 2012-2013 Catalog PHYSICAL SCIENCES FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS Program Advisors and Offices Jennifer Whiles in Physical Sciences The minor in physical sciences for elementary teachers provides an introduction

Ravikumar, B.

182

Physical Sciences for Elementary School Teachers Page 219Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog PHYSICAL SCIENCES FOR ELEMENTARY  

E-print Network

Physical Sciences for Elementary School Teachers Page 219Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog PHYSICAL SCIENCES FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS Program Advisors and Offices Jennifer Whiles in Physical Sciences The minor in physical sciences for elementary teachers provides an introduction

Ravikumar, B.

183

Professional Master of Science in Medical Physics (MSMP)  

E-print Network

Professional Master of Science in Medical Physics (MSMP) Department of Physics Florida atlantic University #12;T he Department of Physics offers the Master of Science in Medical Physics (MSMP) degree Science or Engineering with a minor in Physics are considered. 2. At least a 3.0 (of a 4.0 maximum) grade

Fernandez, Eduardo

184

Contact the College of Science -Physics for more information  

E-print Network

Contact the College of Science - Physics for more information www.swansea.ac.uk/physics | +44 (0 - as an Experimental Physicist/Modeller for a Government defence contractor. The College of Science - Physics Employability #12;Contact the College of Science - Physics for more information www.swansea.ac.uk/physics | +44

Martin, Ralph R.

185

Accelerator science in medical physics  

PubMed Central

The use of cyclotrons and synchrotrons to accelerate charged particles in hospital settings for the purpose of cancer therapy is increasing. Consequently, there is a growing demand from medical physicists, radiographers, physicians and oncologists for articles that explain the basic physical concepts of these technologies. There are unique advantages and disadvantages to all methods of acceleration. Several promising alternative methods of accelerating particles also have to be considered since they will become increasingly available with time; however, there are still many technical problems with these that require solving. This article serves as an introduction to this complex area of physics, and will be of benefit to those engaged in cancer therapy, or who intend to acquire such technologies in the future. PMID:22374548

Peach, K; Wilson, P; Jones, B

2011-01-01

186

Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science SUPPORTING PHYSICAL THERAPY EDUCATION THROUGH SPONSORSHIP  

E-print Network

Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science SUPPORTING PHYSICAL THERAPY EDUCATION THROUGH SPONSORSHIP For more than 57 years the Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science therapy education. Building on its strong foundation of physical therapy fundamentals, the Department

Weber, David J.

187

1 1/28/2014 Physical Sciences Directorate  

E-print Network

1 1/28/2014 Physical Sciences Directorate Directorate Operations Kathy Carney, Manager Associate, Manager Basic Energy Sciences Program Michelle Buchanan Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences Phil Britt Materials Science and Engineering Michelle Buchanan, Acting CNMS User Programs Hans Christen

188

Debating science policy in the physics classroom.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is critically important that national and international science policy be scientifically grounded. To this end, the next generation of scientists and engineers will need to be technically competent, effective communicators of science, and engaged advisors in the debate and formulation of science policy. We describe three science policy debates developed for the physics classroom aimed at encouraging students to draw connections between their developing technical expertise and important science policy issues. The first debate considers the proposal for a 450-megawatt wind farm on public lands in Nantucket Sound and fits naturally into the curriculum related to alternative forms of energy production. The second debate considers national fuel-economy standards for sport-utility vehicles and can be incorporated into the curriculum related to heat engines. The third debate, suitable for the curriculum in optics, considers solid state lighting and implications of recent United States legislation that places stringent new energy-efficiency and reliability requirements on conventional lighting. The technical foundation for each of these debates fits naturally into the undergraduate physics curriculum and the material is suitable for a wide range of physics courses, including general science courses for non-majors.

Mayer, Shannon

2010-03-01

189

The College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Reconciliation Action Plan  

E-print Network

The College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Reconciliation Action Plan Improving engagement #12;COLLEGE OF PHYSICAL AND MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES - RECONCILIATION ACTION PLAN Our vision with their chosen discipline, contextualised by an understanding of our shared history. The College of Physical

Botea, Adi

190

Dear Colleague Letter - Biology, Math and Physical Sciences  

NSF Publications Database

... in the molecular biosciences and the physical and mathematical sciences Dear Colleague: In the ... physical sciences? than they now get.? This could be phrased the other way around as well. Physical ...

191

10 Tips on Writing Good Multiple Choice Questions Karen A. Garman Ed.D., MAPP, President, HELP, Inc.  

E-print Network

10 Tips on Writing Good Multiple Choice Questions Karen A. Garman Ed.D., MAPP, President, HELP, Inc in the statement. 3. Avoid unnecessary repetition of material in the options by including as much of the item

Gleeson, Joseph G.

192

HEALTHCARE SCIENCES Physical & Occupational Therapy, Cytotechnology, Dental Hygiene,  

E-print Network

HEALTHCARE SCIENCES Physical & Occupational Therapy, Cytotechnology, Dental Hygiene, Health can I do with these majors? PHYSICAL THERAPY Physical therapy involves treatment through physical means for people disabled by illness, accident, or congenital handicap. Physical therapy seeks

New Hampshire, University of

193

The criteria and analysis of good multiple choice questions in a health professional setting.  

PubMed

Assessment of health workers as students and professionals has a profound impact on their learning and is an essential safety valve before certification. It is used for their training, their placement, their certification, and their promotion. The multiple choice question MCQ type of tests represents one of the most important examination tools that is commonly used in this assessment. The MCQs can be reliable, valid, and cost-effective in assessing medical knowledge. This paper portrays the different purposes of assessment in the medical field. The paper discusses in detail the criteria of a good assessment tool. Interpretation of MCQ test results is the final section of the paper. PMID:16228046

Abdel-Hameed, Ahmad A; Al-Faris, Eiad A; Alorainy, Ibrahim A; Al-Rukban, Mohammed O

2005-10-01

194

Improving the fairness of multiple-choice questions: a literature review.  

PubMed

The ubiquity of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) results from their efficiency and hence reliability. Cognitive knowledge assessed by MCQ predicts and correlates well with overall competence and performance but examinees and examiners alike frequently perceive MCQ-based testing as 'unfair'. Fairness is akin to defensibility and is an increasingly important concept in testing. It is dependent on psychometric adequacy, diligence of construction, attention to consequential validity and appropriate standard setting. There is a wealth of evidence that extended matching questions are the fairest format but MCQs should always be combined with practical assessments, as written testing emphasizes learning from written sources. PMID:15763874

McCoubrie, Paul

2004-12-01

195

Multiple-choice examinations: adopting an evidence-based approach to exam technique.  

PubMed

Negatively marked multiple-choice questions (MCQs) are part of the assessment process in both the Primary and Final examinations for the fellowship of the Royal College of Anaesthetists. It is said that candidates who guess will lose marks in the MCQ paper. We studied candidates attending a pre-examination revision course and have shown that an evaluation of examination technique is an important part of an individual's preparation. All candidates benefited substantially from backing their educated guesses while only 3 out of 27 lost marks from backing their wild guesses. Failure to appreciate the relationship between knowledge and technique may significantly affect a candidate's performance in the examination. PMID:10023280

Hammond, E J; McIndoe, A K; Sansome, A J; Spargo, P M

1998-11-01

196

Guidelines for identifying and revising culturally biased multiple-choice nursing examination items.  

PubMed

To increase the diversity of the RN workforce, programs of nursing need to recruit, retain, and graduate a multicultural student body. One reason attributed to high attrition rates for minority students is bias in nursing examinations. Ensuring that nursing assessments are valid and reliable measures of student learning will improve outcomes for diverse students. The author explores the issue of bias in multiple-choice nursing examinations. Bias is defined, and its prevalence in nursing examinations is discussed. Guidelines are provided to assist evaluating and revising test items that are fair for students of all cultural groups. PMID:22024683

Hicks, Nikole Anderson

2011-01-01

197

Development and outcomes of the multiple-choice format national certification examination in nurse-midwifery and midwifery  

Microsoft Academic Search

The national certification examination in nurse-midwifery and midwifery now is offered exclusively in the multiple-choice format. The strategies used to develop equivalent examination forms are described. The manner of criterion-referenced standard setting is explained. Outcomes of the first five multiple-choice examination forms include an aggregate first-time failure rate of 8.3%. Multiple- and logistic-regression analyses indicate that examination scores of African-American

Judith T. Fullerton; Katherine W. Parker; Richard Severino

1997-01-01

198

Roadmap: Physical Education Physical Education Licensure Bachelor of Science  

E-print Network

Psychology 3 Fulfills Kent Core Social Sciences and domestic diversity requirement Kent Core Requirement 3 of Invasion Games 3 C Offered in fall only EPSY 29525 Educational Psychology 3 C ITEC 19525 Educational Physical Education 3 C Offered in spring only PEP 25033 Lifespan Motor Development 3 C PEB electives 3 C

Sheridan, Scott

199

Roadmap: Physical Education Physical Education Licensure Bachelor of Science  

E-print Network

Psychology 3 Fulfills Kent Core Social Sciences and domestic diversity requirement Kent Core Requirement 3 Games 3 C Offered in fall only EPSY 29525 Educational Psychology 3 C ITEC 19525 Educational Technology 3 Teaching Physical Education 3 C Offered in spring only PEP 25033 Lifespan Motor Development 3 C PEB

Sheridan, Scott

200

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Spring 2010 To qualify for the Dean/term. Name Major Ross Call Andrus Actuarial Science Michael O Arnell Actuarial Science Jordan W Bell Physics Anthony Lemmon Computer Science Victoria Grace Mohun Mathematics David Jackson Perkins Physics Jason Erik

Hart, Gus

201

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Spring 2011 To qualify for the Dean Cook Actuarial Science Berg Daniel Dodson Physics Isaac Grant Ellsworth Computer Science Cameron True Computer Science David Jackson Perkins Physics Jennifer Lee Pickup Mathematics Education James Kenneth

Hart, Gus

202

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Winter 2011 To qualify for the Dean Phillip Baenziger Computer Science Alvaretta Grace Bair Mathematics Hugh Robert Bates Physics Education Caleb J Coburn Physics Joshua Barnes Condie Computer Science Bryce Thomas Cook Actuarial Science

Hart, Gus

203

College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Winter 2013  

E-print Network

College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Winter 2013 To qualify for the Dean's List, students Science Timothy David Atwood Computer Science Joel Frederick Barker Physics Paige Lynn Bartholomew Science J Kendall Berry Applied Physics Leah Blake Mathematics Education Hannah Marguerite Bonner Geology

Hart, Gus

204

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Winter 2010 To qualify for the DeanWitt Physics-Astronomy Name Major Bryan Vaughn Duford Computer Science Timothy Mathias Eaton Actuarial Science Cory D Finlinson Applied Physics Jordan Grant Finnell Biochemistry Paul Arthur Fiske Computer Science

Hart, Gus

205

The Health Physics Society Science Teacher Workshops  

Microsoft Academic Search

The South Texas Chapter of the Health Physics Society (STC) maintains a program of education for science teachers, grades 4-12. This program, originally funded by the U.S. Department of Energy but now supported by STC, is intended to teach fundamentals of radiation and radiation safety at a level suitable for comprehension by lay persons. Course topics include Fundamentals of Radiation,

Albert E. Evans

2001-01-01

206

Ideas and Activities for Physical Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is designed to supplement an existing physical science curriculum and to assist in providing the learning experiences required to implement an effective course. The first chapter outlines the purposes of this manual and provides a set of teaching tips. Topics such as electricity, wave motion, light, sound, periodic table and nuclear…

Chiappetta, Eugene L., Ed.

207

DISCUS Eighth Grade, Physical Sciences, Part I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Included are instructional materials designed for use with disadvantaged students who have a limited reading ability and poor command of English. The guide is the first volume of a two volume, one year program in physical science, and contains these five units and activities: First Class Levers, six activities; Inclined Plane, six activities; The…

Duval County School Board, Jacksonville, FL. Project DISCUS.

208

Rockets: Physical science teacher's guide with activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This guide begins with background information sections on the history of rocketry, scientific principles, and practical rocketry. The sections on scientific principles and practical rocketry are based on Isaac Newton's three laws of motion. These laws explain why rockets work and how to make them more efficient. The background sections are followed with a series of physical science activities that

Gregory L. Vogt; Carla R. Rosenberg

1993-01-01

209

An intuitive graphical webserver for multiple-choice protein sequence search.  

PubMed

Every day tens of thousands of sequence searches and sequence alignment queries are submitted to webservers. The capitalized word "BLAST" becomes a verb, describing the act of performing sequence search and alignment. However, if one needs to search for sequences that contain, for example, two hydrophobic and three polar residues at five given positions, the query formation on the most frequently used webservers will be difficult. Some servers support the formation of queries with regular expressions, but most of the users are unfamiliar with their syntax. Here we present an intuitive, easily applicable webserver, the Protein Sequence Analysis server, that allows the formation of multiple choice queries by simply drawing the residues to their positions; if more than one residue are drawn to the same position, then they will be nicely stacked on the user interface, indicating the multiple choice at the given position. This computer-game-like interface is natural and intuitive, and the coloring of the residues makes possible to form queries requiring not just certain amino acids in the given positions, but also small nonpolar, negatively charged, hydrophobic, positively charged, or polar ones. The webserver is available at http://psa.pitgroup.org. PMID:24525401

Banky, Daniel; Szalkai, Balazs; Grolmusz, Vince

2014-04-10

210

Assessment of driving expertise using multiple choice questions including static vs. animated presentation of driving scenarios.  

PubMed

Novice drivers have a high collision risk compared to more experienced drivers. The optimization of driving assessment's validity should lead to a better identification of those examinees that need further training before solo driving. The aim of the present two studies was to find out whether the integration of animated traffic scenarios can enhance some quality aspects of selected multiple choice items of the official German driving test. For the first study, we developed a static version of a set of multiple choice questions each containing a computerized still picture of a traffic scenario and a dynamic version that included animated instead of still pictures of the same situations. Driving novices (n=57) and experts (n=63) were presented 22 items either in the static or in the dynamic version. Only the novices benefited from the dynamic presentation. Fifty novices and 50 experts participated in a second longitudinal study including three measurements with parallel tests of the dynamic testing materials at intervals of three to four months. The novices, who were currently attending driving school, improved over time whereas the experts' performance remained stable. The results indicate that animation has positive effects on some quality aspects of driving assessment, but the problem of low criterion validity has to be addressed by the means of further approaches. PMID:23207840

Malone, Sarah; Brünken, Roland

2013-03-01

211

Modeling Confidence Judgments, Response Times, and Multiple Choices in Decision Making: Recognition Memory and Motion Discrimination  

PubMed Central

Confidence in judgments is a fundamental aspect of decision making, and tasks that collect confidence judgments are an instantiation of multiple-choice decision making. We present a model for confidence judgments in recognition memory tasks that uses a multiple-choice diffusion decision process with separate accumulators of evidence for the different confidence choices. The accumulator that first reaches its decision boundary determines which choice is made. Five algorithms for accumulating evidence were compared, and one of them produced proportions of responses for each of the choices and full response time distributions for each choice that closely matched empirical data. With this algorithm, an increase in the evidence in one accumulator is accompanied by a decrease in the others so that the total amount of evidence in the system is constant. Application of the model to the data from an earlier experiment (Ratcliff, McKoon, & Tindall, 1994) uncovered a relationship between the shapes of z-transformed receiver operating characteristics and the behavior of response time distributions. Both are explained in the model by the behavior of the decision boundaries. For generality, we also applied the decision model to a 3-choice motion discrimination task and found it accounted for data better than a competing class of models. The confidence model presents a coherent account of confidence judgments and response time that cannot be explained with currently popular signal detection theory analyses or dual-process models of recognition. PMID:23915088

Ratcliff, Roger; Starns, Jeffrey J.

2014-01-01

212

A Science Strategy for Space Physics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report by the Committee on Solar and Space Physics and the Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Research recommends the major directions for scientific research in space physics for the coming decade. As a field of science, space physics has passed through the stage of simply looking to see what is out beyond Earth's atmosphere. It has become a 'hard' science, focusing on understanding the fundamental interactions between charged particles, electromagnetic fields, and gases in the natural laboratory consisting of the galaxy, the Sun, the heliosphere, and planetary magnetospheres, ionospheres, and upper atmospheres. The motivation for space physics research goes far beyond basic physics and intellectual curiosity, however, because long-term variations in the brightness of the Sun virtually affect the habitability of the Earth, while sudden rearrangements of magnetic fields above the solar surface can have profound effects on the delicate balance of the forces that shape our environment in space and on the human technology that is sensitive to that balance. The several subfields of space physics share the following objectives: to understand the fundamental laws or processes of nature as they apply to space plasmas and rarefied gases both on the microscale and in the larger complex systems that constitute the domain of space physics; to understand the links between changes in the Sun and the resulting effects at the Earth, with the eventual goal of predicting the significant effects on the terrestrial environment; and to continue the exploration and description of the plasmas and rarefied gases in the solar system.

1995-01-01

213

The Physical Sciences. Report of the National Science Board Submitted to the Congress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent advances in the physical sciences, including astronomy, chemical synthesis, chemical dynamics, solid-state sciences, atomic and nuclear science, and elementary particles and high-energy physics are summarized in this report to Congress. The nature of physical science, including its increasing unity, the relationship between science and…

Handler, Philip

214

College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Winter 2014  

E-print Network

College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Winter 2014 To qualify for the Dean's List, students Brendan Phillip Baenziger Computer Science Heather Nicole Banack Physics Kolten Lex Barfuss Physics Giselle Cano Computer Science Amber Ruth Chase Mathematics Adam Scott Christensen Applied Physics Peter

Hart, Gus

215

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Summer 2013 To qualify for the Dean Banack Physics and Astronomy Paige Lynn Bartholomew Mathematics Jon Clayton Coleman Computer ScienceDenBerghe Computer Science David R Wagner Physics and Astronomy Jonathan Jacob Welling Physics and Astronomy Philip

Hart, Gus

216

Reduction and Emergence in the Physical Sciences: Some Lessons from the Particle PhysicsCondensed Matter  

E-print Network

Reduction and Emergence in the Physical Sciences: Some Lessons from the Particle Physics­Condensed Matter Physics Debate Don Howard Department of Philosophy and History and Philosophy of Science Graduate and emergence in the physical sciences, more specificallythe relationship between particle physics and condensed

Howard, Don

217

What is Physics? Physics is the fundamental science, the study of matter and energy at  

E-print Network

What is Physics? Physics is the fundamental science, the study of matter and energy at all scales of Management. BachelorofScience/BachelorofEducation Physics/ScienceEducation Calendar Year: 2007/2008 Faculty and understanding natural phenomena will enjoy the study of Physics. Careers in Physics For those who

Seldin, Jonathan P.

218

The Question Complexity Rubric: Development and Application for a National Archive of Astro 101 Multiple-Choice Questions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the last two years we have been developing an online national archive of multiple-choice questions for use in the Astro 101 classroom. These questions are intended to either supplement an instructor's implementation of Think-Pair-Share or be used for assessment purposes (i.e. exams and homework). In this talk we will describe the development, testing and implementation of the Question Complexity Rubric (QCR), which is designed to guide the ranking of questions in this archive based on their conceptual complexity. Using the QCR, a score is assigned to differentiate each question based on the cognitive steps necessary to comprehensively explain the reasoning pathway to the correct answer. The lowest QCR score is given to questions with a reasoning pathway requiring only declarative knowledge whereas the highest QCR score is given to questions that require multiple pathways of multi-step reasoning. When completed, the online question archive will provide users with the utility to 1) search for and download questions based on subject and average QCR score, 2) use the QCR to score questions, and 3) add their own questions to the archive. We will also discuss other potential applications of the QCR, such as how it informs our work in developing and testing of survey instruments by allowing us to calibrate the range of question complexity. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 0715517, a CCLI Phase III Grant for the Collaboration of Astronomy Teaching Scholars (CATS). Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

Cormier, Sebastien; Prather, E. E.; Brissenden, G.; Collaboration of Astronomy Teaching Scholars CATS

2011-01-01

219

Master of Science project in computational material physics  

E-print Network

Master of Science project in computational material physics (posted 2013-05-13) Plasmarons in computational material science. You have taken the courses in Quantum physics, Solid state physics and Statistical physic and have some experience in computational physics. Contact Bo Hellsing, room 3036, third

Hellsing, Bo

220

Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

228 Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, BS, MST, MS, Ph science; nuclear and particle physics;observational astronomy;solar system physics;space plasma physicsD The Department of Physics andAstronomy offers undergraduate and graduate pro- grams for a wide range of interests

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

221

ASTRONOMY BIOLOGY CHEMISTRY COMPUTER-SCIENCE GEOGRAPHY MATHEMATICS PHYSICS STATISTICS  

E-print Network

ASTRONOMY BIOLOGY CHEMISTRY COMPUTER-SCIENCE GEOGRAPHY MATHEMATICS PHYSICS STATISTICS HEALTHCARE BIOMEDICAL-ENGINEERING ELECTRONIC- ENGINEERING ASTRONOMY BIOLOGY CHEMISTRY COMPUTER-SCIENCE GEOGRAPHY MATHEMATICS PHYSICS STATISTICS HEALTHCARE BIOMEDICAL-ENGINEERING ELECTRONIC-ENGINEERING ASTRONOMY BIOLOGY C H

Bernstein, Phil

222

Brigham Young University College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Brigham Young University College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Rank and Status Policy 29 October 2010 This College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Rank and Status Policy merges the college's policy dated 26 April 2010 with the university policy dated

Hart, Gus

223

Web-based application to eliminate five contraindicated multiple-choice question practices.  

PubMed

Multiple-choice questions (MCQs) evaluate factual knowledge in medical education and have a high reliability, if performed appropriately. However, many MCQs contain formal errors leading to reduced validity. The authors developed a Web application capable of recognizing and eliminating five frequent contraindicated practices in MCQs: negative stem, unfocused stem, cueing words, longest item = right item flaw, and stem/item similarities. The authors used simple string algorithms and dynamic comparisons with keywords. The system was successfully validated with a sample of approximately 800 continuous medical education (CME) questions, showing that our system automatically detects 60% of all formal didactic errors. Flaws not detected by the software can easily be avoided using quick manuals on item wording or clear instruction to the authors. The authors conclude that it is feasible to improve the quality of MCQs by designing a Web application that is capable of detecting common flaws by simple string operations. PMID:20483716

Brunnquell, Andreas; Degirmenci, Umüt; Kreil, Sebastian; Kornhuber, Johannes; Weih, Markus

2011-06-01

224

Entropy state of a multiple choice examination and the evaluation of understanding  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Considering a student's examination as one state of a system which consists of the set of all possible examinations, a new method for evaluating multiple choice examinations is developed by measuring the entropy state of a student's exam above the "thermal background level" (the most probable state). The entropy grade is shown to contain standard scoring as a special case when both the number of questions given and the number of possible selections become large. The entropy grade is also shown to be related to the information it takes a student to go from one state of understanding to another state of understanding. The student's state of understanding is characterized either by his personal probability that his selections will be correct or by experimentally measured probability that the students's selections were correct.

Vawter, Richard

2005-10-17

225

Assessment of medical knowledge: the pros and cons of using true/false multiple choice questions.  

PubMed

True/false multiple choice items, commonly referred to as true/ false multiple choice questions (MCQs), were previously a widely used selected response examination format. They can be written relatively easily and cover a wide range of content. Educational researchers have however highlighted several adverse features of this format that make it inappropriate for many assessment settings. These include: (i) there is a high chance of guessing the correct answer; (ii) some marks are not awarded for knowing the correct answer, but for knowing that an answer is incorrect; (iii) they are weak in discriminating between high and low performers; (iv) identifying items which are absolutely true or false may lead to assessment of trivial knowledge; (v) there are difficulties with constructing flawless items; (vi) they may not encourage learning around the items; and (vii) they may not assess what they purport to assess. Many assessment agencies abandoned the use of this format decades ago due to these shortcomings. The use of single best answer (SBA) and extended matching item (EMI) formats helps overcome or minimize the above weaknesses. Assessors who plan to change to SBA or EMI formats from true/false MCQs may, however, need to increase the number of questions to include a representative sample of the curriculum (lengthening the question paper). However, they may not need to increase the examination time, as in general students can answer more SBAs or EMIs than true/false MCQs per unit time. It is time that we reflect upon the disadvantages of true/false MCQs and review their place in our assessment toolkit, as their use in summative examinations may not be fair to students, especially 'good' students. PMID:22208143

Chandratilake, Madawa; Davis, Margery; Ponnamperuma, Gominda

2011-01-01

226

Structured synaptic inhibition has a critical role in multiple-choice motion-discrimination tasks.  

PubMed

Neural network models have been constructed to explore the underlying neural mechanisms for decision-making in multiple-choice motion-discrimination tasks. Despite great progress made, several key experimental observations have not been interpreted. In contrast to homogeneous connectivity between pyramidal cells and interneurons in previous models, here their connectivity is totally structured in a continuous recurrent network model. Specifically, we assume two types of inhibitory connectivity: opposite-feature and similar-feature inhibition, representing that the connectivity strength has a maximum between neural pairs with opposite and identical preferred directions, respectively. With a common parameter set, the model accounted for a wide variety of physiological and behavioral data from monkey experiments, including those that previous models failed to reproduce. We found that the opposite-feature inhibition endows the decision-making circuit with an elimination strategy, which effectively reduces the number of choice alternatives for inspection to speed up the decision process at the cost of decision accuracy. Conversely, the similar-feature inhibition markedly enhances the ability of the network to make a choice among multiple options and improves the accuracy of decisions, while slowing down the decision process. A simplified mean-field model was also presented to analytically characterize the effect of structured inhibition on fine discrimination. We made a testable prediction: only the combination of cross-feature and similar-feature inhibition enables the circuit to make a categorical choice among 12 alternatives. Together, the current work highlights the importance of structured synaptic inhibition in multiple-choice decision-making processes and sheds light on the neural mechanisms for visual motion perception. PMID:25274822

Xue, Cheng; Liu, Feng

2014-10-01

227

Review of Middle School Physical Science Texts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report provides a review and critique of physical science textbooks in middle school with regard to scientific accuracy, an accurate portrayal of the scientific approach, and the appropriateness and pedagogic effectiveness of the material presented for the particular grade level. Also noted are such things as readability, attractiveness, quality of illustrations, and appropriateness of laboratory activities, home activities, exercises to test understanding, and other resources.

Hubisz, John L.

2008-05-03

228

Review of Middle School Physical Science Texts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report provides a review and critique of physical science textbooks in middle school with regard to scientific accuracy, an accurate portrayal of the scientific approach, and the appropriateness and pedagogic effectiveness of the material presented for the particular grade level. Also noted are such things as readability, attractiveness, quality of illustrations, and appropriateness of laboratory activities, home activities, exercises to test understanding, and other resources.

Hubisz, John

2004-03-30

229

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Spring 2013 To qualify for the Dean Benjamin Alexander deLeon Computer Science Lingrui Duan Statistics Stephen Dale Erickson Physics Christian Hales Physics and Astronomy Lily-Anne Hamill Computer Science Chelsea Heiner Statistics Darcie

Hart, Gus

230

PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES ACADEMIC PERSONNEL/PAYROLL UNIT ASSIGNMENTS  

E-print Network

PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES ACADEMIC PERSONNEL/PAYROLL UNIT ASSIGNMENTS Updated: 11 & PLANETARY SCIENCES INSTITUTE OF GEOPHYSICS AND PLANETARY PHYSICS (IGPP) (CSIDE/CDELSI/CODEP/CRS) Pat Gross Deb Millward OCEAN SCIENCES Kristin Mott Joan Rosebraugh Deb Millward PHYSICS SC INSTITUTE

California at Santa Cruz, University of

231

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Space Life and Physical Sciences  

E-print Network

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Space Life and Physical Sciences Status Briefing to the Research Subcommittee D. Marshall Porterfield PhD. Director, Space Life and Physical Sciences Human Exploration & Operations Mission Directorate February 24, 2014 #12;Biological and Physical Sciences · NASA

Waliser, Duane E.

232

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Fall 2009 To qualify for the Dean's List Condie Computer Science Lynnae Jeannette Mariko Conger Mathematics Jane Cutler Physics Carter Davis Biochemistry Shannon Louise Huey Chemistry Sampo Kaleva Hynynen Physics Hyoung Jin Jang Computer Science #12

Hart, Gus

233

College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Summer 2012  

E-print Network

College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Summer 2012 To qualify for the Dean's List, students Elora Nicole Salway Physics-Astronomy Colby Nicholas Bates Computer Science Ryan Stanford Baxter Computer Science Nicole Calais England Biochemistry Stephen Dale Erickson Physics Matthew Thomas Gochis

Hart, Gus

234

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Fall 2011 To qualify for the Dean's List Matthew Thomas Bean Statistics Kevin P Black Computer Science Jared Blanchard Physics-Astronomy Hannah Dillon Ray Bryan Physics-Astronomy Christopher James Burnham Computer Science Nickolas Brenten Callor

Hart, Gus

235

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Summer 2010 To qualify for the Dean/term. Name Major Brody Richard Bassett Biochemistry Jordan W Bell Physics Bibek Bhusal Computer Science Statistics Joshua Barnes Condie Computer Science Jeffrey Michael Curtis Chemistry Jane Cutler Physics Dorothy

Hart, Gus

236

Accelerating at Maryland Engineering, Computer Science, Mathematics, and Physics  

E-print Network

Accelerating at Maryland Engineering, Computer Science, Mathematics, and Physics The Engineering, Computer Science, Mathematics and Physics programs at the University of Maryland, College Park are all and Physical Sciences and graduate from the University of Maryland in three years. If you are a Maryland

Lathrop, Daniel P.

237

Nanoscale Physics The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

Nanoscale Physics The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Degrees Offered: MS Rice University, and marketing of new science-based products. Degree Requirements for the MS in Nanoscale Physics In addition;2 Departments / Nanoscale Physics Science core courses: PHYS 533 Nanostructures and Nanotechnology I PHYS 539

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

238

PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES ACADEMIC PERSONNEL/PAYROLL UNIT ASSIGNMENTS  

E-print Network

PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES ACADEMIC PERSONNEL/PAYROLL UNIT ASSIGNMENTS Updated: 7/MBAMP/MDTP Kristin Mott Laura Brogan Deb Millward OCEAN SCIENCES Kristin Mott Katie Arnold Deb Millward PHYSICS SC INSTITUTE FOR PARTICLE PHYSICS (SCIPP) Kristin Mott Laura Brogan Leticia Medina SCIENCE COMMUNICATION

California at Santa Cruz, University of

239

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Spring 2012 To qualify for the Dean Stephen Dale Erickson Physics Fernando S Garcia Computer Science Jamie Lynn Gee Mathematics Andrew Jeffrey Mathematics Tiffany Alyssa Lloyd Geology #12;Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Spring

Hart, Gus

240

College of Natural Science and Mathematics Department of Physics  

E-print Network

phySicS College of Natural Science and Mathematics Department of Physics 907-474-7339 www.uaf.edu/physics Advanced study at the graduate level is offered in various areas of physics and applied physics, including programs currently emphasize space physics, infrasonics, complex dynamics of nonlinear systems, ice physics

Hartman, Chris

241

Scientific Session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

On 4 October, 2007, the scientific session of the Division of Physical Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences on room-temperature superconductivity was held at the conference hall of the Lebedev Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences. The following reports were made at this session:(1) Maksimov E G (Lebedev Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow) \\

E G Maksimov; I Božovi?; E V Antipov; A M Abakumov; Yu V Kopaev; V I Belyavskii; V V Kapaev

2008-01-01

242

UNL Department of Physics and Astronomy Bachelor of Science Program for Physics Majors  

E-print Network

UNL Department of Physics and Astronomy Bachelor of Science Program for Physics Majors Effective-2770, paoffice@unl.edu) for the name of your advisor. The Bachelor of Science in Physics is designed for students discipline. The departmental requirements for the Bachelor of Science in Physics consists of the Core Courses

Farritor, Shane

243

Roadmap: Physics Applied Physics -Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-APHY  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physics ­ Applied Physics - Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-APHY] College of the Arts and Sciences Department of Physics Catalog Year: 2013-2014 Page 1 of 3 | Last Updated: 27-Sept-13/LNHD General University Physics I 5 Fulfills Kent Core Basic Sciences US 10097 Destination Kent State: First

Sheridan, Scott

244

Roadmap: Physics Applied Physics -Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-APHY  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physics ­ Applied Physics - Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-APHY] College of the Arts and Sciences Department of Physics Catalog Year: 2012-2013 Page 1 of 3 | Last Updated: 22-Mar-12/LNHD General University Physics I 5 Fulfills Kent Core Basic Sciences US 10097 Destination Kent State: First

Sheridan, Scott

245

University of New Orleans Department of Physics Master of Science in Applied Physics  

E-print Network

University of New Orleans Department of Physics Master of Science in Applied Physics The Master of Science In Applied Physics (MSAP) provides for maximum flexibility in designing a personal program in applied physics or a related area of science or engineering. Guidance is provided to the student

Kulp, Mark

246

Developing the Learning Physical Science Curriculum: Adapting a Small Enrollment, Laboratory and Discussion Based Physical Science Course for Large Enrollments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We report on the adaptation of the small enrollment, lab and discussion based physical science course, "Physical Science and Everyday Thinking" (PSET), for a large-enrollment, lecture-style setting. Like PSET, the new "Learning Physical Science" (LEPS) curriculum was designed around specific principles based on research on learning to meet the…

Goldberg, Fred; Price, Edward; Robinson, Stephen; Boyd-Harlow, Danielle; McKean, Michael

2012-01-01

247

Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

234 Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, BS, MST, MS, Ph and Astronomy 235 physics;biophysics;condensed matter and surface physics;earth systems science; nuclearD The Department of Physics andAstronomy offers undergraduate and graduate pro- grams for a wide range of interests

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

248

Multiple-Choice Cloze Exercises: Consumer Domain. SPPED Test Development Notebook, Form 81-C [and] Answer Key for Multiple-Choice Cloze Exercises: Consumer Domain. SPPED Test Development Notebook, Form 85-C. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Test Development Notebook" is a resource designed for the preparation of tests of literal comprehension for students in grades 1 through 12. This volume contains 100 multiple-choice cloze exercises taken from consumer magazines, catalogs, instructions, advertisements, and contracts; and the accompanying answer key. Each exercise carries the…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Div. of Research.

249

Rockets: Physical science teacher's guide with activities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This guide begins with background information sections on the history of rocketry, scientific principles, and practical rocketry. The sections on scientific principles and practical rocketry are based on Isaac Newton's three laws of motion. These laws explain why rockets work and how to make them more efficient. The background sections are followed with a series of physical science activities that demonstrate the basic science of rocketry. Each activity is designed to be simple and take advantage of inexpensive materials. Construction diagrams, materials and tools lists, and instructions are included. A brief discussion elaborates on the concepts covered in the activities and is followed with teaching notes and discussion questions. The guide concludes with a glossary of terms, suggested reading list, NASA educational resources, and an evaluation questionnaire with a mailer.

Vogt, Gregory L.; Rosenberg, Carla R. (editor)

1993-01-01

250

Convergence: Faciitating Transdisciplinary Integration of Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, Engineering and Beyond - Team Science Toolkit  

Cancer.gov

The National Research Council of the National Academies convened an expert panel that developed this consensus report on TD integration of the physical, chemical, mathematical, computational, engineering, and social sciences.

251

Introductory Physics for the Life Sciences (IPLS) Wiki  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This wiki is a growing resource collection of information and resources for teaching physics for life sciences. It is a community collaboration developed by the faculty community working to reform introductory physics for the life sciences courses (IPLS) to better prepare students for careers in medicine and the life sciences. This wiki includes sample courses and curricula, laboratories, assessments, and other teaching and learning resources with life science applications in physics.

2010-02-15

252

Publisher: Department of Biological Physics Institute of Physics, Faculty of Science, Etvs University Budapest  

E-print Network

#12;#12;Publisher: Department of Biological Physics Institute of Physics, Faculty of Science Physics Research Group of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. There is a continuous strong connection The Department of Biological Physics was created in January 1998. By doing so, the physics community

Müller, Viktor

253

JSTOR: Proceedings: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 2000 back issues of this scholarly journal were made available to researchers through JSTOR (Journal Storage). JSTOR offers online access to numerous scholarly journals on a "moving wall" basis -- in which users may download the full text and figures of each article that is at least three-years-old. Currently, JSTOR coverage includes Proceedings: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 452-453, 1996-1997. Newer articles are continually added on a moving wall basis. Access is limited to participating institutions.

254

Earth science contexts for teaching physics. Part 1: Why teach physics in an Earth science context?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Physics teaching can be made more relevant to 11-16 year-old students by setting the physics content in Earth contexts that pupils can relate to and understand. Thus the physics curriculum commonly taught to 11-16 year-olds has been analysed for appropriate Earth contexts. Some 25 contexts have been identified and each is briefly described in the following two articles. Enough detail is provided to enable physics teachers to use them in their teaching and, where practical demonstrations are available, details of these are also given. Moves towards scientific literacy in science curricula across the world will require science teaching to be set in relevant contexts in the future, and the Earth provides ideal contexts for this purpose.

King, Chris; Kennett, Peter

2002-11-01

255

The Multiple-Choice Model: Some Solutions for Estimation of Parameters in the Presence of Omitted Responses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article deals with some of the problems that have hindered the application of Samejima's and Thissen and Steinberg's multiple-choice models: (a) parameter estimation difficulties owing to the large number of parameters involved, (b) parameter identifiability problems in the Thissen and Steinberg model, and (c) their treatment of omitted…

Abad, Francisco J.; Olea, Julio; Ponsoda, Vicente

2009-01-01

256

Comparison of Examination Methods Based on Multiple-Choice Questions and Constructed-Response Questions Using Personal Computers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present research was to compare the use of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) as an examination method, to the examination based on constructed-response questions (CRQs). Despite that MCQs have an advantage concerning objectivity in the grading process and speed in production of results, they also introduce an error in the final…

Ventouras, Errikos; Triantis, Dimos; Tsiakas, Panagiotis; Stergiopoulos, Charalampos

2010-01-01

257

The Subskills of Reading: Rule-Space Analysis of a Multiple-Choice Test of Second Language Reading Comprehension.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Used the rule-space methodology to analyze performance on a multiple-choice reading comprehension test by students of English as a Second Language in Japan in an international business setting. Findings indicate that the rule-space methodology can explain performance on complex verbal tasks, such as reading tests, and provide diagnostic scores to…

Buck, Gary; Tatsuoka, Kumi; Kostin, Irene

1997-01-01

258

A Reactive Local Search-Based Algorithm for the Multiple-Choice MultiDimensional Knapsack Problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we approximately solve the multiple-choice multi-dimensional knapsack prob- lem. We propose an algorithm which is based upon reactive local search and where an explicit check for the repetition of configurations is added to the local search. The algorithm starts by an initial solution and improved by using a fast iterative procedure. Later, both deblocking and degrading procedures

M. HIFI; M. MICHRAFY; A. SBIHI

2005-01-01

259

Assessing Students' Abilities to Construct and Interpret Line Graphs: Disparities between Multiple-Choice and Free-Response Instruments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes studies designed to examine the instrumentation used to assess both graphing abilities and the impact of microcomputer-based laboratories (MBL) on students' graphing abilities. Results suggest that numerous disparities between the results of multiple-choice and free response instruments. The analysis also revealed that the impact of MBL…

Berg, Craig A.; Smith, Philip

1994-01-01

260

The Development of Multiple-Choice Items Consistent with the AP Chemistry Curriculum Framework to More Accurately Assess Deeper Understanding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiple-choice questions are an important part of large-scale summative assessments, such as the advanced placement (AP) chemistry exam. However, past AP chemistry exam items often lacked the ability to test conceptual understanding and higher-order cognitive skills. The redesigned AP chemistry exam shows a distinctive shift in item types toward…

Domyancich, John M.

2014-01-01

261

Comparison of Collegial Individual and Group Reviews of General Practice Multiple Choice Questions  

PubMed Central

Aims: In most German medical faculties, credits in general practice can be earned via exams using multiple-choice questions (MCQ). Measures such as peer-reviews may help assure the quality of these exams. In order to use time and personnel intensive peer reviews effectively and efficiently, the procedures used are key. Therefore, we wanted to find out whether there are differences between group and individual reviews regarding defined parameters. Methods: We conducted a controlled cross-over study with three GP reviewers from four different German universities. Each reviewed 80 MCQs, 40 individually and 40 within a group, including external assessments by a panel of experts. Furthermore all reviewers were asked to evaluate the review process and the time spent carrying out these reviews. Outcomes: We found no significant differences between the reliability and the validity of individual reviews versus group reviews. On average slightly more time was spent on group reviews compared with the individual reviews. The subjective assessments of the study participants regarding their satisfaction with the process and the efficiency and effectiveness of the reviews suggest a preference for group reviews. Conclusions: Based on this study, there are no definite recommendations for or against either approach. When choosing between the two, the specific work structures and organisation at the local faculty should be taken into account. PMID:22916083

Bohme, Klaus; Schelling, Jorg; Streitlein-Bohme, Irmgard; Glassen, Katharina; Schubel, Jeannine; Junger, Jana

2012-01-01

262

Imprecise terms in UK medical multiple-choice questions: what examiners think they mean.  

PubMed

Many multiple-choice questions (MCQs) used in medical education in the UK contain undefined, imprecise terms. They are particularly common in true/false items and can be found in classroom tests, published examples of MCQs and, more importantly, in high-stakes examinations which determine a candidate's graduation or membership of a professional body. This study investigated imprecise terms used in some MB BS final examinations and the Part 1 Membership Examination of the Royal College of Physicians. It revealed that imprecise terms occur commonly, yet there is a wide range of opinion among the examiners themselves about their meanings. The numbers and variety of imprecise terms which were found in high-stakes MCQ examinations are described in this paper and details are given concerning the lack of consensus about their meanings as reported by the responsible examiners. A second type of construction error--disproportionately large numbers of 'true' branches--was also recorded. Exemplary practices do exist in MCQ quality assurance, but in the UK they are very much the exception rather than the rule. The findings of this investigation strongly indicate a need for change. PMID:9743793

Holsgrove, G; Elzubeir, M

1998-07-01

263

Peer generation of multiple-choice questions: student engagement and experiences.  

PubMed

A free online system for generation of multiple-choice questions (PeerWise) was implemented in three courses (course A, B, and C) in two different years (second and third year) of a veterinary degree program. Students were asked to author questions, and answer and rate each other's questions. Student experiences of the system were explored using an online survey. The majority of students in both years either agreed or strongly agreed that both authoring and answering questions was helpful for their studies and wanted to use the system again in future courses. Thematic analysis highlighted students' views that engaging with the resource increased breadth and depth of knowledge and understanding and was very useful for revision purposes. There was a statistically significant difference between students in second and third year regarding whether students felt it was necessary for academic staff to be involved in the review process. Thematic analysis of this aspect identified issues relating to confidence in the ability of the peer group and the need for reassurance in the second-year group. Student engagement with the system was correlated with examination performance. In courses A and B there was a positive correlation between number of questions answered and examination performance, in course C there was no correlation. This study highlights the benefits of peer activity around question generation and proposes that such activities are an efficient and effective means to support student learning. PMID:23187030

Rhind, Susan M; Pettigrew, Graham W

2012-01-01

264

BYU COLLEGE OF PHYSICAL & MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES . FALL 2012 RESEARCHING  

E-print Network

BYU COLLEGE OF PHYSICAL & MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES . FALL 2012 FRONTIERS RESEARCHING THE SCRIPTURES p;BYU College of Physical & Mathematical Sciences Scott D. Sommerfeldt, Dean Thomas W. Sederberg this spirit of innovation. Recently one computer science student turned his idea for a camera app

Hart, Gus

265

Reforming the Education Program for Physical Science Teachers in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on reforms of the science education program for prospective physical science teachers in Taiwan and examines their impact on these teachers. The reforms include restructuring the courses in physical science methods, and requiring all prospective teachers to do action research during their one-year full-time teaching practice.…

She, Hsiao-Ching

2004-01-01

266

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Spring 2014 To qualify for the Dean/term. Name Major Merrill Asp Physics and Astronomy Bryn Balls Barker Mathematics David Beesley Computer Science Matthew Bray Computer Science Emily Brown Chemistry and Biochemistry Matthew Brown Mathematics

Hart, Gus

267

Differences between physical and social sciences in university graduate departments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The greater articulation of scientific fields with well-developed paradigms — in Kuhn's sense of the term — is viewed as facilitating scientific activities within those fields. Contrasting two physical science with two social science fields, earlier research reported greater consensus in the physical sciences, greater willingness to work with graduate students, and large advantages in research support and funding as

Janice Beyer Lodahl; Gerald Gordon

1973-01-01

268

MSc NanoBio Science UCD School of Physics  

E-print Network

MSc NanoBio Science UCD School of Physics Some of the reasons to study at UCD: In the top 2 and researching in this emerging interdisciplinary area, where physics, chemistry, engineering and life sciences of Science The College is dedicated to the creation, delivery and communication of new knowledge

269

Nurses' understanding of physical science in nursing practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

When science educators teach nurses, their primary aim should be to help them to developunderstanding of their world of nursing. From a study of registered nurses' conceptions of the physical science underlying their clinical practice, we assert that nurses' understanding of the physical sciences is inadequate in terms of the competencies required of them as nurses. Rather than respond to

Lesley M. Wilkes; Judith E. Batts

1998-01-01

270

The study of student misunderstandings in the physical sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The, apparently widespread, reduction in the popularity of physical science courses, at both secondary and tertiary levels, has had a number of effects. Attempts by schools to provide a broadly attractive programme in the sciences seem to have reduced the amount of time spent on the physical sciences. Moreover, the introduction of applied and technological aspects, however desirable, within a

J. K. Gilbert

1977-01-01

271

High-Energy Physics The science of matter,  

E-print Network

High-Energy Physics The science of matter, space and time INTERACTIONS #12;#12;The science of matter, space and time High Energy Physics is the Science of Interactions s "Since we (and everything in the universe) are made mostly of empty space, and even particles of matter are just vibrating chunks of energy

Quigg, Chris

272

Standards of research publication: Differences between the physical sciences and the social sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines differences in standards of research publications between the physical sciences and the social sciences. The results of the first two hypotheses tested indicate that the predominant form of publication in the physical sciences are articles, whereas books predominate in the social sciences. Furthermore, differences were found in the relevant dimension of publication between faculties in more prestigious

Yoram Neumann

1977-01-01

273

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

/term. Name Major Jeffrey Thomas Andersen Computer Science Jordan Anderson Mathematics Zachary Scott Anderson Brogan Mathematics Sarah Kaiulani Kimiko Brown Geology Trent Matthew Burke Computer Science Jacob Paul Science Joseph Lawrence Physics Jessica Charlene Leete Mathematics Ty G Lewis Computer Science Jennifer

Hart, Gus

274

Research Assistant Professor Space Science Center and Department of Physics  

E-print Network

No´e LUGAZ Research Assistant Professor Space Science Center and Department of Physics University/2006 Ph.D. Space Science 2007 M.Sc. Atmospheric and Space Sciences 2003 Institute of Aeronautics'ing´enieur) 2003 Academic Appointments Space Science Center, University of New Hampshire Research Assistant

275

Physics Modules 2014-15 Astronomy & Space Science  

E-print Network

Physics Modules 2014-15 Astronomy & Space Science (PHYC10050) Module Coordinator: Dr Thomas Mc and to innovate next generation technologies. This module explores the physics and presents the science behind per 5 credit module Open Learning Fee (Audit only) 250 per 5 credit module Conceptual Physics (PHYC

276

Nanoscale Physics The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

249 Nanoscale Physics The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Degrees Offered: MS Rice University, and marketing of new science-based products. Degree Requirements for the MS in Nanoscale Physics In addition introduced the professional master's degree in nanoscale physics in fall 2002. This program combines a strong

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

277

College of Health Sciences Department of Physical Therapy  

E-print Network

College of Health Sciences Department of Physical Therapy 3 Solomont Way, Suite 5 Lowell.uml.edu/college/health-sciences/pt/ MINIMUM ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS Doctor of Physical Therapy 1. Baccalaureate degree from an accredited. Documented personal experience in a physical therapy setting (volunteer or paid). Minimum 35 hours

Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

278

Faculty of Health Sciences School of Physical Therapy  

E-print Network

Faculty of Health Sciences School of Physical Therapy The Faculty of Health Sciences at Western of Assistant or Associate Professor, in the School of Physical Therapy with academic responsibilities in research, teaching and service. The candidate will support the Master of Physical Therapy (MPT) program

Sinnamon, Gordon J.

279

Department of Physical Therapy and Human Movement Sciences Clinical Activities  

E-print Network

Department of Physical Therapy and Human Movement Sciences Clinical Activities 4 Department of Physical Therapy and Human Movement Sciences Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine CLINICAL students to observe and talk with different providers, one of whom must be a physical therapist. Different

Contractor, Anis

280

FACULTY of HEALTH SCIENCES DIRECTOR, SCHOOL of PHYSICAL THERAPY  

E-print Network

FACULTY of HEALTH SCIENCES DIRECTOR, SCHOOL of PHYSICAL THERAPY Applications or nominations are invited for the role of Director, School of Physical Therapy in the Faculty of Health Sciences. The selected candidate will be trained as a Physical Therapist and will be appointed to a tenured academic

Sinnamon, Gordon J.

281

College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences North Carolina State University  

E-print Network

1 College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Bylaws North Carolina State University Raleigh, North Carolina December 4, 2003 #12;2 I. ROLE AND MISSION OF THE COLLEGE OF PHYSICAL AND MATHEMATICAL.................................................................12 #12;3 I. ROLE AND MISSION OF THE COLLEGE OF PHYSICAL AND MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES The mission

Parker, Matthew D. Brown

282

College of Medicine, Biology & Environment College of Physical & Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

College of Medicine, Biology & Environment College of Physical & Mathematical Sciences Page 1 of 2 College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences only. � Students must complete and submit this form: Supplementary Information Form #12;College of Medicine, Biology & Environment College of Physical & Mathematical

Chen, Ying

283

Physics in Films: A New Approach to Teaching Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past year and a half we have developed an innovative approach to the teaching of `Physical Science', a general education course typically found in the curricula of nearly every college and university. The new approach uses popular movies to illustrate the principles of physical science, analyzing individual scenes against the background of the fundamental physical laws. The impact

Costas J. Efthimiou; Ralph Llewellyn

2004-01-01

284

Roadmap: Physical Therapist Assistant Technology Associate of Applied Science  

E-print Network

Therapeutic Communications in Physical Therapy 1 C PTST 20003 Clinical Conditions II 2 C PTST 20004 PhysicalRoadmap: Physical Therapist Assistant Technology ­ Associate of Applied Science [RE graduation. Note 1: Practicum under the supervision of licensed physical therapy personnel in a Physical

Sheridan, Scott

285

MATHEMATICAL, PHYSICAL AND LIFE SCIENCES DIVISION Earth Sciences Statement of Provision for Graduate Research Students  

E-print Network

MATHEMATICAL, PHYSICAL AND LIFE SCIENCES DIVISION Earth Sciences Statement of Provision might expect to be offered in the Department of Earth Sciences. It is expected that during a graduate facilities will be available? You will have access to the Earth Sciences IT Officers and the Earth Sciences

286

Comparative assessment of multiple choice questions versus short essay questions in pharmacology examinations.  

PubMed

This retrospective study compared the performance of medical students in multiple choice questions (MCQs) and short essay questions (SEQs). During the 3 year analysis, 533 students had an average score of 51.34% (SD 9.9) in the SEQ and 64.71%(SD 9.9)in the MCQs. Regression analysis showed a significant correlation(r=0.64, P<0.01) between MCQs and SEQs. When student performance was grouped by final course grade, a statistically significant correlation between MCQs and SEQs scores existed only for the 405 students who received a passing grade (r=0.21, P<0.01). The MCQ and SEQ scores were not correlated for the 128 students who failed (r=0.11, P=0.08) or for 70 students who achieved distinctions (r=-0.27, P=0.13). MCQ scores were significantly higher (P<0.01) than SEQ for each of the groups when analyzed by the two-way ANOVA test. The result of this study suggests that for most students, the strong correlation between MCQ and SEQ indicates that student performance was independent of testing format. For students at either end of the performance spectrum, the lack of correlation suggests that the performance in one of the testing format had a strong influence on the final course grade. In addition, those students who failed the course were likely to be weak in both testing modalities, whereas students in all grade groups were more likely to perform better in the MCQs than SEQs. PMID:22569324

Mujeeb, A Momin; Pardeshi, M L; Ghongane, B B

2010-03-01

287

The Health Physics Society Science Teacher Workshops  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The South Texas Chapter of the Health Physics Society (STC) maintains a program of education for science teachers, grades 4-12. This program, originally funded by the U.S. Department of Energy but now supported by STC, is intended to teach fundamentals of radiation and radiation safety at a level suitable for comprehension by lay persons. Course topics include Fundamentals of Radiation, Cellular Biology and Radiation Health Effects, Exposure to Radiation in Modern Life, Radioactive Waste, and Radiation Safety. The 8-hour course is usually given on Saturdays at locations in Texas as requested by educational or other groups. Classes of up to 25 teacher-students are ideal. Lesson plans, reference materials, a video tape, software, and a radiation detector are provided to each participant. To schedule a workshop in your area, contact alevans@swbell.net or David Fogle, david.fogle@tdh.state.tx.us.

Evans, Albert E.

2001-03-01

288

Graphene: from materials science to particle physics  

E-print Network

Since its discovery in 2004, graphene, a two-dimensional hexagonal carbon allotrope, has generated great interest and spurred research activity from materials science to particle physics and vice versa. In particular, graphene has been found to exhibit outstanding electronic and mechanical properties, as well as an unusual low-energy spectrum of Dirac quasiparticles giving rise to a fractional quantum Hall effect when freely suspended and immersed in a magnetic field. One of the most intriguing puzzles of graphene involves the low-temperature conductivity at zero density, a central issue in the design of graphene-based nanoelectronic components. While suspended graphene experiments have shown a trend reminiscent of semiconductors, with rising resistivity at low temperatures, most theories predict a constant or even decreasing resistivity. However, lattice field theory calculations have revealed that suspended graphene is at or near the critical coupling for excitonic gap formation due to strong Coulomb intera...

Drut, Joaquín E; Tölö, Eero

2010-01-01

289

Graphene: from materials science to particle physics  

E-print Network

Since its discovery in 2004, graphene, a two-dimensional hexagonal carbon allotrope, has generated great interest and spurred research activity from materials science to particle physics and vice versa. In particular, graphene has been found to exhibit outstanding electronic and mechanical properties, as well as an unusual low-energy spectrum of Dirac quasiparticles giving rise to a fractional quantum Hall effect when freely suspended and immersed in a magnetic field. One of the most intriguing puzzles of graphene involves the low-temperature conductivity at zero density, a central issue in the design of graphene-based nanoelectronic components. While suspended graphene experiments have shown a trend reminiscent of semiconductors, with rising resistivity at low temperatures, most theories predict a constant or even decreasing resistivity. However, lattice field theory calculations have revealed that suspended graphene is at or near the critical coupling for excitonic gap formation due to strong Coulomb interactions, which suggests a simple and straightforward explanation for the experimental data. In this contribution we review the current status of the field with emphasis on the issue of gap formation, and outline recent progress and future points of contact between condensed matter physics and Lattice QCD.

Joaquín E. Drut; Timo A. Lähde; Eero Tölö

2010-11-02

290

A branch & bound algorithm for the 0-1 mixed integer knapsack problem with linear multiple choice constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a branch and bound (B&B) algorithm for the 0-1 mixed integer knapsack problem with linear multiple choice constraints. The formulation arose in an application to transportation management for allocating funds to highway improvements. Several model properties are developed and utilized to design a B&B solution algorithm. The algorithm solves at each node of the B&B tree a

George Kozanidis; Emanuel Melachrinoudis

2004-01-01

291

Re-engineering of multiple-choice exam-form production tools: Cost-effective and quality-assurance approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims: This study aims at designing and implementing an exam-form generation software tool (named ExPro) for multiple-choice-based (MCB) exams. The study is motivated by the fact that student number in Jordanian universities is continuously growing at high rate. This growth is not accompanied by an equivalent growth of educational resources (instructors, labs, ...etc). A result of this situation is having

Sulieman Bani-Ahmad; Ahmad Audeh

2010-01-01

292

A Reactive Local Search-Based Algorithm for the Multiple-Choice MultiDimensional Knapsack Problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we approximately solve the multiple-choice multi-dimensional knapsack problem. We propose an algorithm which\\u000a is based upon reactive local search and where an explicit check for the repetition of configurations is added to the local\\u000a search. The algorithm starts by an initial solution and improved by using a fast iterative procedure. Later, both deblocking and degrading procedures are

M. Hifi; M. Michrafy; A. Sbihi

2006-01-01

293

The Physics Front: Resources for High School Physics & Physical Science Teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The overarching goal of the Physics Front, (part of ComPADRE -Physics and Astronomy digital library) is to provide enhanced accessibility to quality physics teaching resources for all pre-college teachers of physics and the physical sciences with special materials for new and “cross-over” teachers. Some highlights/features of the site are: • A collection of physics-related topics with units of instruction including content, tutorials, labs and reference materials. • Descriptions of some PTRA manuals with example activities. • A “Welcome to the Profession” statement from the New Physics Teacher Manual. • Classroom techniques and best practices. • Simulations and images to enhance instruction for students. • Special features and help for the new physics teacher • Discussion Forums • Filing cabinet for sharing and organizing teaching materials Advantages of using The Physics Front: • Peer -reviewed materials • Connections with other physics teachers nation/worldwide • Content and pedagogy support • Venue for sharing, accessing and archiving exemplary teacher-designed materials • Opportunity to contribute to a dynamic and growing online physics teacher community

Ezrailson, Cathy M.

2006-12-01

294

English Composition (one year with grade of C or better in each course) Math, Computer Science, or Statistics ________________ Physical Sciences ____________  

E-print Network

-- Archaeology __________ Biological Anthropology __________ Cultural Anthropology __________ Linguistics, or Statistics ________________ Physical Sciences ____________ Biological Sciences _________ Two additional Natural Science or Math ____________ ______________ (Courses from Anthropology may NOT be used for Social

Zordan, Victor

295

Delay and probability discounting of multiple commodities in smokers and never-smokers using multiple-choice tasks.  

PubMed

The purpose of the present study was to investigate temporal and probabilistic discounting in smokers and never-smokers, across a number of commodities, using a multiple-choice method. One hundred and eighty-two undergraduate university students, of whom 90 had never smoked, 73 were self-reported light smokers (<10 cigarettes/day), and 17 were heavy smokers (10+cigarettes/day), completed computerized batteries of delay and probability discounting questions pertaining to a total of eight commodities and administered in a multiple-choice format. In addition to cigarettes, monetary rewards, and health outcomes, the tasks included novel commodities such as ideal dating partner and retirement income. The results showed that heavy smokers probability discounted commodities at a significantly shallower rate than never-smokers, suggesting greater risk-taking. No effect of smoking status was observed for delay discounting questions. The only commodity that was probability discounted significantly less than others was 'finding an ideal dating partner'. The results suggest that probability discounting tasks using the multiple-choice format can discriminate between non-abstaining smokers and never-smokers and could be further explored in the context of behavioral and drug addictions. PMID:24196025

Poltavski, Dmitri V; Weatherly, Jeffrey N

2013-12-01

296

A comparison of the psychometric properties of three- and four-option multiple-choice questions in nursing assessments.  

PubMed

In multiple-choice tests, four-option items are the standard in nursing education. There are few evidence-based reasons, however, for MCQs to have four or more options as studies have shown that three-option items perform equally as well and the additional options most often do not improve test reliability and validity. The aim of this study was to examine and compare the psychometric properties of four-option items with the same items rewritten as three-option items. Using item-analysis data to eliminate the distractor with the lowest response rate, we compared three- and four-option versions of 41 multiple-choice items administered to two student cohorts over two subsequent academic years. Removing the non-functioning distractor resulted in minimal changes in item difficulty and discrimination. Three-option items contained more functioning distractors despite having fewer distractors overall. Existing distractors became more discriminating when infrequently selected distractors were removed from items. Overall, three-option items perform equally as well as four-option items. Since three-option items require less time to develop and administer and additional options provide no psychometric advantage, teachers are encouraged to adopt three-option items as the standard on multiple-choice tests. PMID:20053488

Tarrant, Marie; Ware, James

2010-08-01

297

Research Misconduct and the Physical Sciences  

SciTech Connect

Research misconduct includes the fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism (FFP) of concepts or ideas; some institutions have expanded this concept to include ''other serious deviations (OSD) from accepted research practice.'' An action can be evaluated as research misconduct if it involves activities unique to the practice of science and could negatively affect the scientific record. Although the number of cases of research misconduct is uncertain (formal records are kept only by the NIH and the NSF), the costs are high in integrity of the scientific record, diversions from research to investigate allegations, ruined careers of those eventually exonerated, and erosion of public confidence in science. Currently, research misconduct policies vary from institution to institution and from government agency to government agency; some have highly developed guidelines that include OSD, others have no guidelines at ail. One result has been that the federal False Claims Act has been used to pursue allegations of research misconduct and have them adjudicated in the federal court, rather than being judged by scientific peers. The federal government will soon establish a first-ever research misconduct policy that would apply to all research funded by the federal government regardless of what agency funded the research or whether the research was carried out in a government, industrial or university laboratory. Physical scientists, who up to now have only infrequently been the subject or research misconduct allegations, must none-the-less become active in the debate over research misconduct policies and how they are implemented since they will now be explicitly covered by this new federal wide policy.

HM Kerch; JJ Dooley

1999-10-11

298

Academic Press Encyclopedia of Physical Science and Technology  

E-print Network

Academic Press Encyclopedia of Physical Science and Technology Fourier Series James S. Walker­836­3301 Fax: 715­836­2924 e-mail: walkerjs@uwec.edu 1 #12;2 Encyclopedia of Physical Science and Technology I

Walker, James S.

299

The Light Meter: A Powerful Tool in Physical Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses physics, earth science, and physical science concepts that are challenging for students and teachers because they are difficult to understand and demonstrate. Identifies ratio and inverse-square as a unifying-concept approach according to the National Education Standards. Supports teaching based on student-centered activities, long-term…

Espinoza, Fernando

2000-01-01

300

BachelorofScience/BachelorofEducation Kinesiology/PhysicalEducation  

E-print Network

BachelorofScience/BachelorofEducation Kinesiology/PhysicalEducation This is a planning guide and Science or Faculty of Education for advising information. Program Planning Guide Major in Kinesiology: www.uleth.ca/artsci/kinesiology): Kinesiology Major (Education): Physical Education Calendar Year: 2014/2015 Name

Seldin, Jonathan P.

301

Science Fiction Stories with Good Astronomy & Physics: A Topical Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a selective list of some short stories and novels that use more or less accurate science. They can be used for teaching or reinforcing astronomy or physics concepts. Both traditional "science-fiction" and (occasionally) more serious fiction that derives meaning or plot from astronomy or physics ideas are included. Almost 200 stories in 40 subject categories are listed.

Fraknoi, Andrew

2004-07-16

302

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Summer 2011 To qualify for the Dean Aaron Michael Carlson Chemistry Molly Anne Clemens Biochemistry Bryce Thomas Cook Actuarial Science Berg Daniel Dodson Physics Devin Brent Gerrard Mathematics Melissa Jane Giroux Mathematics Schuyler Nicholas

Hart, Gus

303

Powerful Ideas in Physical Science: A Course Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Powerful Ideas in Physical Science (PIPS) is a preservice curriculum that provides modules for physical science courses designed for elementary education majors. Because the courses are built on the learning cycle approach, students develop concepts from activities and then apply this conceptual knowledge. A summative evaluation done by Horizon…

Ukens, Leon; Hein, Warren W.; Johnson, Patsy Ann; Layman, John W.

2004-01-01

304

Accelerators | Photon Science | Particle Physics Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron  

E-print Network

Accelerators | Photon Science | Particle Physics Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron A Research Centre develops, builds and operates large accelerator facilities for photon science and particle physics of the Helmholtz Association ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS· DESY, Zeuthen location, is seeking: Scientist (f/m) DESY DESY

305

Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Department of Physics  

E-print Network

Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Department of Physics Imperial College London living in your constituency, and a physics teacher and researcher, at Imperial College London to bring to your attention the looming crisis facing the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC

Crowther, Paul

306

Accelerators | Photon Science | Particle Physics Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron  

E-print Network

Accelerators | Photon Science | Particle Physics Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron A Research Centre astroparticle physics(f/m) DESY DESY is one of the world's leading research centres for photon science, particle modeling of nonthermal sources · Kinetic studies of wave-particle interactions · Particle acceleration

307

Bush Research Budget again Focuses on Physical Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents compelling reasons why President George W. Bush decided to double federal funds for agencies supporting physical-science research. The biggest beneficiaries of Mr. Bush's plan for 2008 would be the National Science Foundation and the Department of Energy's Office of Science. Those agencies, together with the National…

Brainard, Jeffrey; Hebel, Sara

2007-01-01

308

Physical Change. Learning in Science Project. Working Paper No. 26.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One area explored in the second (in-depth) phase of the Learning in Science Project was "children's science," defined as views of the world and the meanings for words that children have and bring with them to science lessons. The investigation reported focuses on students' (N=43) views of physical change associated with boiling, melting,…

Cosgrove, Mark; Osborne, Roger

309

(09)UC/05 BSc(Hons) Medical Physics/11 Bachelor of Science (Honours) Medical Physics  

E-print Network

(09)UC/05 ­ BSc(Hons) Medical Physics/11 Bachelor of Science (Honours) Medical Physics 2005 Calendar, pages 348 and 681 (09)UC/05 ­ BSc(Hons) Medical Physics/1 Section A 1. Purpose of proposal To provide a better pathway for PhD students in Medical Physics, a BSc(Hons) degree in Medical Physics

Hickman, Mark

310

A Physics Professor and a Science Librarian Challenge Non-Majors to Evaluate Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Required science courses can have limited interest from some students. In this article, a physics professor and a science librarian describe methods used to engage non majors in learning about science in a non-threatening way. By evaluating the science on selected web sites, and classifying the sites according to six categories (valid,…

Iber, Mary; Sherman, Derin

2009-01-01

311

Science in China Series G: Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy 2009 SCIENCE IN CHINA PRESS  

E-print Network

Program of China (Grant No. 2009CB824800), the Research Foundation of Guangxi University (Grant No. M30520Science in China Series G: Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy © 2009 SCIENCE IN CHINA PRESS Springer quark stars? XU RenXin1 & LIANG EnWei2 1 School of Physics and State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics

Xu, Ren-Xin

312

Scientific Session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (19 April 2006)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) was held in the Conference Hall of the P N Lebedev Physics Institute, RAS on 19 April 2006. The following reports were presented at the session:(1) Kagan M Yu, Klaptsov A V, Brodsky I V (P L Kapitza Institute for Physical Problems, RAS, Moscow), Combescot

Maksim Yu Kagan; Aleksei V Klaptsov; Il'ya V Brodsky; R Combescot; X Leyronas; Aleksandr V Andriyash; P A Loboda; V A Lykov; V Yu Politov; Maxim N Chizhkov; Akai K Murtazaev; Vladimir A Cherepenin

2006-01-01

313

A study of common beliefs and misconceptions in physical science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Science Belief Test is an online instrument comprised of 47 statements that require true or fals responses and request\\u000a written explanations to accompany these responses. It targets topics in chemistry, physics, biology, earth science, and astronomy\\u000a and was initially designed to assess preservice elementary teachers’ beliefs about general science content. A set of responses\\u000a for six of the physical

Mary Stein; Timothy G. Larrabee; Charles R. Barman

2008-01-01

314

Using Environmental Science as a Motivational Tool to Teach Physics to Non-science Majors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A traditional physical science course was transformed into an environmental physical science course to teach physics to non-science majors. The objective of the new course was to improve the learning of basic physics principles by applying them to current issues of interest. A new curriculum was developed with new labs, homework assignments, worksheets, and interactive classroom learning techniques such as Peer Instruction (PI) and SCALE-UP.2 It was found that the new course showed an increase in students' class participation, attendance, and overall interest, with most rating their science experience as very positive.

Busch, Hauke C.

2010-12-01

315

Physics First in Science Education Reform: Impacts on Pedagogy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents the results of a study focused on physics and chemistry teachers at independent schools in the United States which employ a "Physics First" approach to high school science course sequencing. Data was collected via interviews, during which information was gathered regarding pedagogical practices and teachers' transitions to Physics First. Findings suggest that the implementation of inquiry-oriented pedagogy is influenced by teacher and department philosophy, but not necessarily by the Physics First approach. Further, teachers recognize the affordances of Physics First, but largely do not leverage these to create more coherent and connected science programs.

Purnell, Mechum Douglas

316

USU 1360 INTEGRATED PHYSICAL SCIENCE So, are we on track for Integrated Physical Science Credit? Some things (in purple) are not a great  

E-print Network

USU 1360 INTEGRATED PHYSICAL SCIENCE So, are we on track for Integrated Physical Science Credit unifying concepts of the physical sciences. Among the topics to be covered will the structure of matter context. CRITERIA FOR APPROVED BREADTH COURSES: PHYSICAL SCIENCES · The course should improve

Allan, Vicki H.

317

RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES BUDKER INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS  

E-print Network

RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES BUDKER INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS SIBERIAN BRANCH D.S. Gurov, P.V. Martyshkin, V.V. Petrov, V.V. Zuev Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics 630090, Novosibirsk, Russia M are included. @ Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics SB RAS #12

318

RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES BUDKER INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS  

E-print Network

RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES BUDKER INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS SIBERIAN BRANCH V.S. Fadin, R of colours V.S. Fadina , R. Fioreb a Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, and Novosibirsk State University of Nuclear Physics, SB RAS #12;. 1 Introduction In the BFKL approach [1], impact factors appear

319

RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES BUDKER INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS  

E-print Network

RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES BUDKER INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS SIBERIAN BRANCH Compiled by A.V. Zaytseva,b a Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia b Novosibirsk State University, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia c Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, SB RAS #12; Preface 5 1 General surveys

320

RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES BUDKER INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS  

E-print Network

RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES BUDKER INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS SIBERIAN BRANCH V.S. Fadin, R of Nuclear Physics, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia, and Novosibirsk State University, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia, Gruppo collegato di Cosenza, Arcavacata di Rende, I-87036 Cosenza, Italy c Petersburg Nuclear Physics

321

Parma University Faculty of Mathematical, Physical and Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

Parma University Faculty of Mathematical, Physical and Natural Sciences Determination of neutrino oscillation parameters Monteux Angelo Advisor: prof. Luca Trentadue October 15, 2007 Degree in Physics #12;Angelo Monteux born: 04/23/1985 department: PHYSICS This is an English translation of the official report

California at Santa Cruz, University of

322

List of Examiners for MVMod MASTER of Science in Physics  

E-print Network

List of Examiners for MVMod MASTER of Science in Physics Astronomy and Astrophysics: Bartelmann, Quirrenbach, Rix, Schaefer, Springel, Spurzem, Wagner, WambsganÃ? Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics: Blaum, Schlichting, Schwarz, Spatz, Tanaka Condensed Matter Physics: Enss, Klingeler, Kowalsky, Pucci, Winnacker

Heermann, Dieter W.

323

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL THERAPY AND HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCES  

E-print Network

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL THERAPY AND HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCES NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Feinberg School of Medicine DOCTOR OF PHYSICAL THERAPY STUDENT HANDBOOK Clinical Education Section 2013-2014 645 NORTH MICHIGAN AVENUE - SUITE 1100 CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 60611 #12;#12;DOCTOR OF PHYSICAL THERAPY STUDENT HANDBOOK

Chisholm, Rex L.

324

University of Tennessee Health Science Center Department of Physical Therapy  

E-print Network

University of Tennessee Health Science Center Department of Physical Therapy GRADUATE PROGRAM IN PHYSICAL THERAPY Application to Attend a Graduate Program Course: Continuing Education Credit (CEU) Physical therapists may attend specific courses offered by the Graduate Program, and receive CEU credit

Cui, Yan

325

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL THERAPY AND HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCES  

E-print Network

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL THERAPY AND HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCES NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Feinberg School of Medicine DOCTOR OF PHYSICAL THERAPY STUDENT HANDBOOK 2013-2014 645 NORTH MICHIGAN AVENUE - SUITE 1100 CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 60611 #12;DOCTOR OF PHYSICAL THERAPY STUDENT HANDBOOK 2013-2014 Published

Chisholm, Rex L.

326

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL THERAPY AND HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCES  

E-print Network

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL THERAPY AND HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCES NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Feinberg School of Medicine DOCTOR OF PHYSICAL THERAPY STUDENT HANDBOOK Clinical Education Section 2012-2013 645 NORTH MICHIGAN AVENUE - SUITE 1100 CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 60611 #12;i DOCTOR OF PHYSICAL THERAPY STUDENT HANDBOOK 2012

Contractor, Anis

327

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL THERAPY AND HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCES  

E-print Network

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL THERAPY AND HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCES NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Feinberg School of Medicine DOCTOR OF PHYSICAL THERAPY STUDENT HANDBOOK 2011-2012 645 NORTH MICHIGAN AVENUE - SUITE 1100 CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 60611 #12;#12;DOCTOR OF PHYSICAL THERAPY STUDENT HANDBOOK 2011-2012 Published

Apkarian, A. Vania

328

Millikan Award Lecture (1998): Building a Science of Teaching Physics  

E-print Network

of Physics University of Maryland College Park, MD 20742-4111 Abstract Individual teachers of college level of curriculum he developed for college physics has vanished and reappeared only to vanish again with 1 R. A1 Millikan Award Lecture (1998): Building a Science of Teaching Physics Edward F. Redish Department

Maryland at College Park, University of

329

Speculative Physics: the Ontology of Theory and Experiment in High Energy Particle Physics and Science Fiction  

E-print Network

The dissertation brings together approaches across the fields of physics, critical theory, literary studies, philosophy of physics, sociology of science, and history of science to synthesize a hybrid approach for instigating more rigorous and intense cross-disciplinary interrogations between the sciences and the humanities. There are two levels of conversations going on in the dissertation; at the first level, the discussion is centered on a critical historiography and philosophical implications of the discovery Higgs boson in relation to its position at the intersection of old (current) and the potential for new possibilities in quantum physics; I then position my findings on the Higgs boson in connection to the double-slit experiment that represents foundational inquiries into quantum physics, to demonstrate the bridge between fundamental physics and high energy particle physics. The conceptualization of the variants of the double-slit experiment informs the aforementioned critical comparisons. At the second level of the conversation, theories are produced from a close study of the physics objects as speculative engine for new knowledge generation that are then reconceptualized and re-articulated for extrapolation into the speculative ontology of hard science fiction, particularly the hard science fiction written with the double intent of speaking to the science while producing imaginative and socially conscious science through the literary affordances of science fiction. The works of science fiction examined here demonstrate the tension between the internal values of physics in the practice of theory and experiment and questions on ethics, culture, and morality.

Clarissa Ai Ling Lee

2014-06-21

330

Job advertisement Faculty 08 (Physics, Mathematics and Computer Science), Institute of Nuclear Physics, has an  

E-print Network

Job advertisement Faculty 08 (Physics, Mathematics and Computer Science), Institute of Nuclear and astroparticle physics, nuclear chemistry and precision physics with ultracold neutrons and ion traps. We Physics, has an opening within the framework of the Cluster of Excellence PRISMA for a University

van Straten, Duco

331

Models in Physics: Perceptions Held by Prospective Physical Science Teachers Studying at South African Universities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A study was conducted to determine how 200 pre-service physical science teachers in South Africa and Namibia interpreted the word "model" in a physics context. Many interpreted the term as a physical construct rather than as an abstract idea. This confusion exacerbated difficulties with the interpretation of physical models for light.

Smit, J. J.; Finegold, Menahem

2006-12-07

332

Bachelor of Science, Physics, Applied Physics Emphasis, 2014-2015 Name ID# Date  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Science, Physics, Applied Physics Emphasis, 2014-2015 Name ID# Date General Degree and Ethical Foundations 3 DLM MATH 170 Calculus I 4 DLN PHYS 211, 211L Physics I with Calculus & Lab 5 DLN PHYS 212, 212L Physics II with Calculus & Lab 5 DLV Visual and Performing Arts 3 DLL Literature

Barrash, Warren

333

Bachelor of Science, Physics, Applied Physics Emphasis, 2013-2014 Name ID# Date  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Science, Physics, Applied Physics Emphasis, 2013-2014 Name ID# Date General Degree and Ethical Foundations 3 DLM MATH 170 Calculus I 4 DLN PHYS 211, 211L Physics I with Calculus & Lab 5 DLN PHYS 212, 212L Physics II with Calculus & Lab 5 DLV Visual and Performing Arts 3 DLL Literature

Barrash, Warren

334

The Science of Nanostructures: New Frontiers in the Physics of Quantum Dots  

E-print Network

Insitute for Theoretical Physics Russian Academy of Sciences Dynasty Foundation Russian Foundation for Israel Ministry of Science Weizmann Institute of Science Basic Research and Technology Russianc The Science of Nanostructures: New Frontiers in the Physics of Quantum Dots Chernogolovka, Russia

Fominov, Yakov

335

77 FR 16076 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting In accordance...Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences Advisory Committee (66...Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Room 1005, National...

2012-03-19

336

77 FR 64831 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting In accordance...meeting: Name: Mathematical and Physical Sciences Advisory Committee (66...Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Room 1005, National...

2012-10-23

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76 FR 14996 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting In accordance...meeting: Name: Mathematical and Physical Sciences Advisory Committee ( 66...Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Room 1005, National...

2011-03-18

338

75 FR 10328 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting In accordance...Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences ( 66) Date/Time: April...Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Room 1005, National...

2010-03-05

339

75 FR 62891 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting In accordance...Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences Advisory Committee ( 66...Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Room 1005, National...

2010-10-13

340

A physical sciences network characterization of nonmalignant and metastatic cells SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL  

E-print Network

1 A physical sciences network characterization of nonmalignant and metastatic cells SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL -materials and methods -supplementary figures and captions Authors: The Physical Sciences-Investigator: William M. Grady Arizona State University Physical Sciences-Oncology Center Arizona State University

van Oudenaarden, Alexander

341

76 FR 64123 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting In accordance...Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences Advisory Committee (66...Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Room 1005, National...

2011-10-17

342

Assistant Director Physical Science and Engineering  

E-print Network

in science and technology. #12;#12;#12;Challenges in controlling a many-particle system #12;#12;Keeping opportunities; · Immigration policies that attract the best and brightest to enhance entrepreneurship and National Security WMD Medical Countermeasures National Security R&D Aeronautics S& T Prion Science Trans-Border

343

TEACHING PHYSICS: Visual Basic science simulations  

Microsoft Academic Search

We are exploring the use of science simulation\\/modelling programs for teaching a variety of science concepts across the age range. The programs have been converted from the original RMBasic thanks to technological advances in equipment. We find that the programs complement practical work and allow in-depth analysis using multi-tasking with other programs.

J. G. Evans

2000-01-01

344

Homeokinetics: A Physical Science for Complex Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

A physical basis for reductionism is put forth in the form of five propositions that bridge levels of organization in natural phenomena. The outlook is that complex systems and processes all have to be traced back to physical law, which applies the only general scientific constraint on reality, but that out of physical law a hierarchy of organization emerges. The

H. Soodak; A. Iberall

1978-01-01

345

Teaching the Teachers: Physical Science for the Non-Scientific  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Catholic University of America, in collaboration with the Solar Physics Branch of the Naval Research Laboratory and the Goddard Space Flight Center, has begun development of an experimental, inquiry-driven and standards-referenced physical science course for undergraduate, pre-service K-8 teachers. The course is team-taught by faculty from the University's Departments of Education and Physics and NRL solar physics research personnel.

D. J. Michels; S. M. Pickert; C. J. Montrose; J. L. Thompson

2004-01-01

346

Science and Cooking: Motivating the Study of Freshman Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This talk will describe a course offered to Harvard undergraduates as a general education science course, meant to intrduce freshman-level science for non-science majors. The course was a collaboration between world-class chefs and science professors. The chefs introduced concepts of cooking and the professors used these to motivate scientific concepts. The lectures were designed to provide a coherent introduction to freshman physics, primarily through soft matter science. The lectures were supplemented by a lab experiments, designed by a team of very talented graduate students and post docs, that supplemented the science taught in lecture. The course was very successful in motivating non-science students to learn, and even enjoy, basic science concepts.

Weitz, David

2011-03-01

347

Accelerators | Photon Science | Particle Physics Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron  

E-print Network

as accelerator physics. The Center for Free-Electron Laser Science (CFEL) is a jointly operated re- search controlled samples with modern light sources such as free-electron lasers. Requirements � We are looking

348

Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Department of Physics  

E-print Network

Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Department of Physics Imperial College London at the LCN (London Centre for Nanotechnology). We are particularly looking for candidates with the following

349

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Space Life and Physical Sciences  

E-print Network

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Space Life and Physical Sciences D National Laboratory management organization (CASIS) #12;National Aeronautics and Space Administration #12;National Aeronautics and Space Administration geneLAB Campaign Progress To move forward

Waliser, Duane E.

350

Promoting Physical Science to Education Majors: Making Connections between Science and Teaching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We address student attitudes toward physical science content knowledge and skills by modeling pedagogy appropriate for the K-8 classroom. Attitude measurements show that students are initially reticent in their approach to learning science. Upon completion of a redesigned course for education majors, students held a realistic view of science education.

Sirola, Christopher; Korb, Michele A.; Climack, Rebecca

2005-03-01

351

Science Grade 7, Chemistry, Physics, Earth Science, Biology. Curriculum Bulletin, 1968-69 Series, No. 15.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is a teacher's guide for teaching seventh grade science in New York City Schools. Activities for four areas -- physics, chemistry, earth science, and biology -- are included. This particular edition is a reprint of Science: Grade 7, Curriculum Bulletin Nos 9a--9d, 1962-1963 Series, which were originally produced in four separate…

New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Bureau of Curriculum Development.

352

University of Virginia: 8th Grade Physical Science SOL Activities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a collection of 100+ hands-on activities in physical science, all developed by teacher fellows in the University of Virginia physics education department. Each activity provides lesson objectives, procedures for set-up, background information, and assessment. Many also contain photos and illustrations, plus modifications for students with disabilities. Topics include the nature of science, properties of matter, atomic structure and the Periodic Table, conservation of matter and energy, electricity, heat and temperature, sound, light, motion, and forces.

2011-11-21

353

78 FR 42111 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences #66; Notice of Meeting; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences 66; Notice of Meeting; Correction SUMMARY: The National Science Foundation published a Notice of Meeting for...

2013-07-15

354

78 FR 37590 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences #66; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences 66; Notice of Meeting In accordance...92- 463, as amended), the National Science Foundation announces the following...

2013-06-21

355

75 FR 29369 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting In accordance with...92-463, as amended), the National Science Foundation announces the following...

2010-05-25

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77 FR 42768 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting In accordance with...92-463, as amended), the National Science Foundation announces the following...

2012-07-20

357

Teaching Particle Physics in the Open University's Science Foundation Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses four topics presented in the science foundation course of the Open University that exemplify current developments in particle physics, in particular, and that describe important issues about the nature of science, in general. Topics include the omega minus particle, the diversity of quarks, the heavy lepton, and the discovery of the W…

Farmelo, Graham

1992-01-01

358

Department of Physics College of Science and Liberal Arts  

E-print Network

detailed predictions that can be tested. WHY STUDY TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION AT NJIT? The Biophysics facultyDepartment of Physics College of Science and Liberal Arts The Bachelor of Science in Biophysics New college or to go on to further study as they like. Biophysics offers an excellent prepa- ration

Bieber, Michael

359

Mathematics and the Physical Sciences in America, 1880-1930.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Documents the contributions made by Americans to the fields of physical science and mathematics during the period from 1880-1930. Discusses the effects of secondary school and college curriculum on progress of science and mathematics during that time and compares those with European educational institutions. (TW)

Servos, John W.

1986-01-01

360

THE SCIENCE FRONTIER OF MFE BURNING PLASMA PHYSICS  

E-print Network

THE SCIENCE FRONTIER OF MFE BURNING PLASMA PHYSICS Gerald Navratil Columbia University Fusion Power Associates Annual Meeting and Symposium Frontiers in Fusion Research Washington, DC 25-26 September 2001 #12;Columbia University OUTLINE · INTRODUCTION TO BURNING PLASMAS · EXAMPLES OF FRONTIER SCIENCE IN BURNING

361

Physics at the International Science and Engineering Fair.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A judge for the physics projects for the 1979 International Science and Engineering Fair describes many of the more popular science projects. Projects described include the following: carbon dioxide and helium-neon lasers, reverse flame investigations, holography, construction of a magnetic bottle to confine plasma, and aerodynamic drag. (BT)

Walker, Jearl

1979-01-01

362

IPCC (2007): Climate Change The Physical Science Basis  

Microsoft Academic Search

IPCC (2007): Climate Change The Physical Science Basis The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was jointly established by the World Meteorological Organization and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in 1988. The purpose of IPCC is to assess available information on the science of climate change and to provide policy-relevant but not policy- prescriptive assessments of interest to policymakers,

S. Solomon

2007-01-01

363

Parental Occupation Inspiring Science Interest: Perspectives From Physical Scientists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's early science interest begins well before middle school, and parents can be important in generating and sustaining such interest. This qualitative study addresses how parental occupations shape physical scientists' early science interest. Our framework uses Social Cognitive Career Theory, and our research question is,…

Chakraverty, Devasmita; Tai, Robert H.

2013-01-01

364

A Study of Common Beliefs and Misconceptions in Physical Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Science Belief Test is an online instrument comprised of 47 statements that require true or false responses and request written explanations to accompany these responses. It targets topics in chemistry, physics, biology, earth science, and astronomy and was initially designed to assess preservice elementary teachers' beliefs about general…

Stein, Mary; Larrabee, Timothy G.; Barman, Charles R.

2008-01-01

365

Does physics teaching affect gender-based science anxiety?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We present the results of a study designed to measure the level of science anxiety in students enrolled in physics courses at Loyola University Chicago. We undertook this study with two objectives: (1) to determine the factors contributing to science anxiety; in particular, to ascertain whether the leading factors identified in an earlier study have remained constant over time, and (2) to investigate whether science anxiety was affected by a semester of introductory physics. This is the first study of its kind, analyzing science anxiety in pre- and posttests of a cohort composed entirely of students taking physics courses. We find that the leading factors contributing to science anxiety are nonscience anxiety, gender, and to a much lesser degree, course of study (major), in agreement with earlier results. In general, males start and end the course with somewhat less science anxiety (and nonscience anxiety) than females. Post-course responses indicated some improvement in nonscience anxiety and in science anxiety for both genders. Acute levels of science anxiety were somewhat decreased by exposure to a physics course. Different pedagogies and gender role models may correlate with anxiety reduction.

Udo, M. K.; Ramsey, G. P.; Mallow, Jeffry V.; Reynolds-Alpert, S.

2005-11-28

366

Director of Facilities College of Computer, Math, & Physical Sciences (CMPS)  

E-print Network

Director of Facilities College of Computer, Math, & Physical Sciences (CMPS) University Maryland with the Maryland Department of Agriculture, National Institutes of Science, and various colleges at the College to large scale renovations and new building projects for the College. He assists department researchers

Lipsman, Ronald

367

Bayesian Inference for the Physical Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is an online index for information on Bayesian statistical inference as it applies to science. References include general texts, preprints and reprints, Bayesian software, and other Bayesian resources.

2005-04-05

368

Modification of Multiple-Choice Assessment Items Based on Student Feedback  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Project 2061 is creating assessment items targeting the learning goals recommended by AAAS?s Benchmarks for Science Literacy (1993) and the NRC?s National Science Education Standards (1996).). One of our topics is force and motion at the middle grades level. Our item development process includes pilot testing and student interviews. We will describe how this feedback is used to modify the items. Examples will include modifications to vocabulary, context, and distractors. In addition we will describe the use of this feedback to modify item design tools.

Regan, Thomas J.

2006-12-01

369

Instructor Perspectives of Multiple-Choice Questions in Summative Assessment for Novice Programmers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning to program is known to be difficult for novices. High attrition and high failure rates in foundation-level programming courses undertaken at tertiary level in Computer Science programs, are commonly reported. A common approach to evaluating novice programming ability is through a combination of formative and summative assessments, with…

Shuhidan, Shuhaida; Hamilton, Margaret; D'Souza, Daryl

2010-01-01

370

Physics for the Medical Science Major.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how one professor makes his physics course relevant to pharmacy majors. The course emphasizes the relation of basic physics concepts (like forces and thermodynamics) to the human body and uses problems drawn from the medical profession. Student course evaluations show a favorable view of content learned and its relevance. (DB)

McCall, Richard P.

2000-01-01

371

Semiconductor Science Activities for High School Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The student activities in this packet are designed to be incorporated into a standard high school physics curriculum. The intent is to provide the student with an introduction to study of the electronic facets of physics as they apply to semiconductor technology.

Grady, Kim

2009-07-29

372

Is Economics the Next Physical Science?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We review an emerging body of work by physicists addressing questions of economic organization and function. We suggest that, beyond simply employing models familiar from physics to economic observables, remarkable regularities in economic data may suggest parts of social order that can usefully be incorporated into, and in turn can broaden, the conceptual structure of physics.

J. Doyne Farmer; Martin Shubik

2005-01-01

373

Modern Physics, Science (Experimental): 5318.07.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit of instruction is a survey course exploring the areas of nuclear physics, physics of modern discoveries, and their effects on the world of today. No requisites for prior course work, experience, or courses to be taken concurrently are required for enrollment. The booklet lists the relevant state-adopted texts and states the performance…

Ries, Wesley G.

374

Targeting Students' Physical Science Misconceptions Using the Conceptual Change Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This handbook is dedicated to giving teachers clear information on how to correct physical science misconceptions in the classroom. It aims to help teachers help students develop appropriate understanding based on hands-on, inquiry-based experiences that challenge preconceptions. The book is organized into units ranging from matter to heat and waves. Each unit includes a list of common misconceptions and activities that help students develop an accurate understanding of each concept. Background information and lessons are provided. The National Science Education Standards for content and instructional strategies in the physical sciences are also addressed.

Stepans, Joseph

2007-11-01

375

Department of Physics College of Science and Management  

E-print Network

related discipline, preferably with an experimental focus. Previous experience teaching PhysicsFAPH08-12 Department of Physics College of Science and Management Senior Laboratory Instructor I (Full-time, Continuing Position) The University of Northern British Columbia, in conjunction

Northern British Columbia, University of

376

Bachelor of Science, Physics, 2014-2015 Name ID# Date  

E-print Network

Chemistry I & II & Labs 8 MATH 175 Calculus II 4 MATH 275 Multivariable and Vector Calculus 4 MATH 301 170 Calculus I 4 DLN PHYS 211, 211L Physics I with Calculus & Lab 5 DLN PHYS 212, 212L Physics II with Calculus & Lab 5 DLV Visual and Performing Arts 3 DLL Literature and Humanities 3-4 DLS Social Sciences

Barrash, Warren

377

Bachelor of Science, Physics, 2012-2013 Name ID# Date  

E-print Network

Chemistry I & II & Labs 8 MATH 175 Calculus II 4 MATH 275 Multivariable and Vector Calculus 4 MATH 333 170 Calculus I 4 DLN PHYS 211, 211L Physics I with Calculus & Lab 5 DLN PHYS 212, 212L Physics II with Calculus & Lab 5 DLV Visual and Performing Arts 3 DLL Literature and Humanities 3-4 DLS Social Sciences

Barrash, Warren

378

Bachelor of Science, Physics, 2013-2014 Name ID# Date  

E-print Network

Chemistry I & II & Labs 8 MATH 175 Calculus II 4 MATH 275 Multivariable and Vector Calculus 4 MATH 301 170 Calculus I 4 DLN PHYS 211, 211L Physics I with Calculus & Lab 5 DLN PHYS 212, 212L Physics II with Calculus & Lab 5 DLV Visual and Performing Arts 3 DLL Literature and Humanities 3-4 DLS Social Sciences

Barrash, Warren

379

Physical Science, Units 5 and 6, Field Test Copy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student workbook contains units five and six of a six-unit physical science course. The program is intended for high school students who have not had a chemistry or physics course, and is designed to be self instructional. Unit five involves experiments and problems in these subject areas: temperature versus heat; units of heat; specific…

Washington State Univ., Pullman.

380

Accelerators | Photon Science | Particle Physics Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron  

E-print Network

, particle and astroparticle physics as well as accelerator physics. The Center for Free-Electron Laser) and its use in phase stabilized few-cycle pulse synthesizers, Free-Electron Lasers and Attosecond Science � Development of turn-key, burst-mode, OPCPA technology for Free- Electron Lasers, including, thermal management

381

An Instructional System in Physical Science, Teacher's Guide and Keys.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is a teacher's guide to a self-instructional program in basic physical science, designed for high school students who have not had a course in chemistry or physics. There are six units in the manual relating to these areas: problem solving and experimental procedures; universal standards, metric system and conversion; mechanics; the…

Washington State Univ., Pullman.

382

University of Virginia Physical Science SOL Activities: Static Electricity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson plan for secondary physical science demonstrates induction and conduction through a "dancing" Cheerio and a charged plastic ruler. The lesson includes a printable student review sheet and background information on electrostatics. This resource is part of a larger collection generated by the University of Virginia Department of Physics outreach program. See Related Materials for a link to the full collection.

2006-11-13

383

Physical Setting/Earth Science Core Curriculum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This guide is intended to assist high-school teachers and supervisors as they prepare curriculum, instruction, and assessment for the Earth Science content and process skills of the New York State Learning Standards for Mathematics, Science, and Technology. It describes selected process skills and their alignments with standards, key ideas, and performance indicators. Teachers should recognize that is found in this document is the minimum of the content to be taught. There is also an appendix that displays diagrammatically how the material in the curriculum may be organized for curricular and instructional purposes.

384

Gender and physics: feminist philosophy and science education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physics education reform movements should pay attention to feminist analyses of gender in the culture of physics for two reasons.\\u000a One reason is that feminist analyses contribute to an understanding of a ‘chilly climate’ women encounter in many physics\\u000a university departments. Another reason is that feminist analyses reveal that certain styles of doing science are predominant\\u000a in the culture of

Kristina Rolin

2008-01-01

385

University of Virginia Physical Science SOL Activities: Balloon Electroscope  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This item is a lesson plan for the teacher of beginning high school physics and/or physical science. It provides directions for designing a simple electroscope demonstration and updates the classic "kissing balloon" activity with creative additions. Included are printable student data sheets and comprehensive background information on static electricity. This lesson is part of a larger collection generated by the University of Virginia Department of Physics outreach program. See Related Materials for a link to the full collection.

2006-11-09

386

Revitalizing Support for the Physical Sciences: The American Competitiveness Initiative  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In January 2006, during his State of the Union Address, President Bush announced a renewed commitment on the part of his Administration to funding math and science education, and science and engineering research. Two weeks later, in February 2006, the President submitted his budget request to Congress, including The American Competitiveness Initiative (ACI), a budget initiative that proposes to double federal investments in fundamental research in the physical sciences at three civilian science agencies---the Office of Science in the Department of Energy, the National Science Foundation (NSF), and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)---over ten years. To date, ACI has fared well in Congress. The House of Representatives has already approved the increases for the Office of Science (up 14 percent), NSF (up 8 percent), and NIST (core laboratory research and infrastructure up 24 percent). Key Senate Subcommittees have approved similar increases. Of equal significance to the budget proposal, the President's pronouncements represent an effort to change the public perception of the value of science. This is the capstone of a fifteen-year effort on the part of the scientific community, including the American Physical Society, to develop a new rationale for funding physical science research in the post-Cold War era. 30 years of economic research suggests there is a strong correlation between the government investments in education and research, particularly physical science and engineering research, and future economic performance. The President made this connection explicit for the public in his State of the Union Address and in subsequent speeches and town hall meetings. The author will discuss these trends and the outlook for ACI going forward.

Rooney, Peter

2006-11-01

387

School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences  

E-print Network

apply their knowledge of these disciplines to problems which affect many aspects of everyday life of climate change on agriculture and water resources, or the effects of the built environment and pollution on the local climate of cities. This means that we are able to look beyond the underpinning science

Wirosoetisno, Djoko

388

Course on the Nature of Physical Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a course which provides nonscience students with an understanding of methods and nature of natural science. The course is a seminar organized around a detailed examination of the Copernican revolution, in part through Copernicus's original writings, and in part through contemporary historical and philosophical analysis. (Author/SK)

Derr, Patrick G.; Andersen, Roy S.

1981-01-01

389

Test of Understanding of Vectors: A Reliable Multiple-Choice Vector Concept Test  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we discuss the findings of our research on students' understanding of vector concepts in problems without physical context. First, we develop a complete taxonomy of the most frequent errors made by university students when learning vector concepts. This study is based on the results of several test administrations of…

Barniol, Pablo; Zavala, Genaro

2014-01-01

390

Speculative Physics: the Ontology of Theory and Experiment in High Energy Particle Physics and Science Fiction  

E-print Network

The dissertation brings together approaches across the fields of physics, critical theory, literary studies, philosophy of physics, sociology of science, and history of science to synthesize a hybrid approach for instigating more rigorous and intense cross-disciplinary interrogations between the sciences and the humanities. There are two levels of conversations going on in the dissertation; at the first level, the discussion is centered on a critical historiography and philosophical implications of the discovery Higgs boson in relation to its position at the intersection of old (current) and the potential for new possibilities in quantum physics; I then position my findings on the Higgs boson in connection to the double-slit experiment that represents foundational inquiries into quantum physics, to demonstrate the bridge between fundamental physics and high energy particle physics. The conceptualization of the variants of the double-slit experiment informs the aforementioned critical comparisons. At the secon...

Lee, Clarissa Ai Ling

2014-01-01

391

Roadmap: Physics Research -Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-RESE  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physics ­ Research - Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-RESE] College of the Arts and Sciences Physics I 5 Fulfills Kent Core Basic Sciences US 10097 Destination Kent State: First Year Experience 1 Sciences MATH 32051 Mathematical Methods in Physical Sciences I 4 Foreign Language (Elementary I) 4

Sheridan, Scott

392

How to Lose Weight? A Multiple Choice Question for the Patient  

PubMed Central

Obesity malnutrition requires correction - on that society and science agree - but there is no consensus on how best to achieve the desired ends. The impotence of most “scientific” weight reduction programs encourages the appearance of opportunists; they offer unusual programs, such as the use of chorionic gonadotrophin - for a stiff fee. As physicians, we must at least assist the obese patient in tailoring a sensible plan to suit his needs. In so doing, we may be able to save his money and his health. PMID:20469186

Schatz, D. L.

1975-01-01

393

The frequency of item writing flaws in multiple-choice questions used in high stakes nursing assessments.  

PubMed

Multiple-choice questions are a common assessment method in nursing examinations. Few nurse educators, however, have formal preparation in constructing multiple-choice questions. Consequently, questions used in baccalaureate nursing assessments often contain item-writing flaws, or violations to accepted item-writing guidelines. In one nursing department, 2770 MCQs were collected from tests and examinations administered over a five-year period from 2001 to 2005. Questions were evaluated for 19 frequently occurring item-writing flaws, for cognitive level, for question source, and for the distribution of correct answers. Results show that almost half (46.2%) of the questions contained violations of item-writing guidelines and over 90% were written at low cognitive levels. Only a small proportion of questions were teacher generated (14.1%), while 36.2% were taken from testbanks and almost half (49.4%) had no source identified. MCQs written at a lower cognitive level were significantly more likely to contain item-writing flaws. While there was no relationship between the source of the question and item-writing flaws, teachergenerated questions were more likely to be written at higher cognitive levels (p<0.001). Correct answers were evenly distributed across all four options and no bias was noted in the placement of correct options. Further training in item-writing is recommended for all faculty members who are responsible for developing tests. Pre-test review and quality assessment is also recommended to reduce the occurrence of item-writing flaws and to improve the quality of test questions. PMID:19040902

Tarrant, Marie; Knierim, Aimee; Hayes, Sasha K; Ware, James

2006-12-01

394

The frequency of item writing flaws in multiple-choice questions used in high stakes nursing assessments.  

PubMed

Multiple-choice questions are a common assessment method in nursing examinations. Few nurse educators, however, have formal preparation in constructing multiple-choice questions. Consequently, questions used in baccalaureate nursing assessments often contain item-writing flaws, or violations to accepted item-writing guidelines. In one nursing department, 2770 MCQs were collected from tests and examinations administered over a five-year period from 2001 to 2005. Questions were evaluated for 19 frequently occurring item-writing flaws, for cognitive level, for question source, and for the distribution of correct answers. Results show that almost half (46.2%) of the questions contained violations of item-writing guidelines and over 90% were written at low cognitive levels. Only a small proportion of questions were teacher generated (14.1%), while 36.2% were taken from testbanks and almost half (49.4%) had no source identified. MCQs written at a lower cognitive level were significantly more likely to contain item-writing flaws. While there was no relationship between the source of the question and item-writing flaws, teacher-generated questions were more likely to be written at higher cognitive levels (p<0.001). Correct answers were evenly distributed across all four options and no bias was noted in the placement of correct options. Further training in item-writing is recommended for all faculty members who are responsible for developing tests. Pre-test review and quality assessment is also recommended to reduce the occurrence of item-writing flaws and to improve the quality of test questions. PMID:17014932

Tarrant, Marie; Knierim, Aimee; Hayes, Sasha K; Ware, James

2006-12-01

395

Assessment of higher order cognitive skills in undergraduate education: modified essay or multiple choice questions? Research paper  

PubMed Central

Background Reliable and valid written tests of higher cognitive function are difficult to produce, particularly for the assessment of clinical problem solving. Modified Essay Questions (MEQs) are often used to assess these higher order abilities in preference to other forms of assessment, including multiple-choice questions (MCQs). MEQs often form a vital component of end-of-course assessments in higher education. It is not clear how effectively these questions assess higher order cognitive skills. This study was designed to assess the effectiveness of the MEQ to measure higher-order cognitive skills in an undergraduate institution. Methods An analysis of multiple-choice questions and modified essay questions (MEQs) used for summative assessment in a clinical undergraduate curriculum was undertaken. A total of 50 MCQs and 139 stages of MEQs were examined, which came from three exams run over two years. The effectiveness of the questions was determined by two assessors and was defined by the questions ability to measure higher cognitive skills, as determined by a modification of Bloom's taxonomy, and its quality as determined by the presence of item writing flaws. Results Over 50% of all of the MEQs tested factual recall. This was similar to the percentage of MCQs testing factual recall. The modified essay question failed in its role of consistently assessing higher cognitive skills whereas the MCQ frequently tested more than mere recall of knowledge. Conclusion Construction of MEQs, which will assess higher order cognitive skills cannot be assumed to be a simple task. Well-constructed MCQs should be considered a satisfactory replacement for MEQs if the MEQs cannot be designed to adequately test higher order skills. Such MCQs are capable of withstanding the intellectual and statistical scrutiny imposed by a high stakes exit examination. PMID:18045500

Palmer, Edward J; Devitt, Peter G

2007-01-01

396

Spacelab 1 - Scientific objectives, life sciences, space plasma physics, astronomy and solar physics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A general overview of the accomplishments of the Spacelab 1 complement to the Shuttle mission of Nov. 28, 1983, is presented. Consideration is given to scientific results in the fields of life sciences, materials sciences, atmospheric physics, and earth observations. A table is given which lists the scientific objectives and the percentage of objectives accomplished in each field.

Chappell, C. R.

1985-01-01

397

Introductory physics in biological context: An approach to improve introductory physics for life science students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe restructuring the introductory physics for life science students (IPLS) course to better support these students in using physics to understand their chosen fields. Our courses teach physics using biologically rich contexts. Specifically, we use examples in which fundamental physics contributes significantly to understanding a biological system to make explicit the value of physics to the life sciences. This requires selecting the course content to reflect the topics most relevant to biology while maintaining the fundamental disciplinary structure of physics. In addition to stressing the importance of the fundamental principles of physics, an important goal is developing students' quantitative and problem solving skills. Our guiding pedagogical framework is the cognitive apprenticeship model, in which learning occurs most effectively when students can articulate why what they are learning matters to them. In this article, we describe our courses, summarize initial assessment data, and identify needs for future research.

Crouch, Catherine H.; Heller, Kenneth

2014-05-01

398

Introduction to physics teaching for science and engineering undergraduates  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recruiting and retaining highly qualified physics and physical science teachers is critical for maintaining America's global competitiveness. Unfortunately, many high school and middle school teachers are asked to teach science subjects they do not feel comfortable teaching and are not provided adequate guidance and support. Moreover, teachers often lack adequate pedagogical content knowledge to teach science effectively. Here, we discuss the development, implementation, and assessment of a course for science and engineering undergraduates designed to increase awareness and help them develop an interest and a deeper appreciation of the intellectual demands of physics teaching. The course focused on increasing student enthusiasm and confidence in teaching by providing well supported teaching opportunities and exposure to physics education research. The course assessment methods include 1) pre-test and post-test measures of attitude and expectations about science teaching, 2) self and peer evaluation of student teaching, 3) content-based pre-tests and post-tests given to students who received instruction from the student teachers, and 4) audio-taped focus group discussions in the absence of the instructor and TA to evaluate student perspectives on different aspects of the course and its impact.

Singh, Chandralekha; Moin, Laura J.; Schunn, Christian D.

2012-06-12

399

UK Particle Physics, Astronomy, and Space Science (PPARC): Frontiers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Frontiers publication offers the latest news and activities of the Research Council's funded projects and the UK Particle Physics, Astronomy, and Space Science's (PPARC) funded scientists. Produced three times a year, each issue is easy to navigate with quick links to the space science and particle physics articles on the Contents page as well as a keyword search. The website offers archives of the publication since 1997. Each issue contains five sections: the Contents, Editorial, Update, Features, and News. While the other sections contain brief synopses, the Features section offers comprehensive descriptions of stimulating endeavors.

400

TEACHING PHYSICS: PPARC support for promotion of science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the last decade the public under- standing of science has become an issue for scientists and politicians, and most bodies supporting science now devote some of their resources to this area. There are normally few restrictions on who can apply for funds and many teachers have obtained support to promote their subject. This article describes some examples from the fields of astrophysics and particle physics in which teachers have played a principal role using funds gained from PPARC, the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council.

Green, M. G.

2000-07-01

401

The e-Science for High Energy Physics in Korea  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we report the experiences and results of the integration and utilization of e-Science for high-energy physics in Korea. The e-Science for high-energy physics is to study high-energy physics any time and anywhere even if we are not on-site of accelerator laboratories. The contents are 1) data production, 2) data processing and 3) data analysis anytime and anywhere. The data production is to do remote control and take shifts remotely. The data processing is to run jobs anytime, anywhere using grid farms. The data analysis is to work together to publish papers using collaborative environment such as EVO (Enabling Virtual Organization) system. We apply this concept to high energy physics experiments, especially, ALICE experiment at CERN in Europe and CDF experiment at Fermi-lab. And we show the results.

Cho, Kihyeon; Kim, Hyunwoo

402

The influence of physics teacher gender on college students' pursuit of careers in the physical sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In science disciplines, students develop career goals based in part on their high school experiences. Science teachers and their personal characteristics are a part of this experience. In the case of physics, teacher gender is believed to modulate the interplay between student's own gender and their gender-related perceptions of physics. Using national data from college students (PRiSE Project, N=7505), we analyze the physics teacher gender effects on the choice of a career in the physical sciences by both male and female students. We examine three sub-samples of the data: students who have not taken any high school physics courses (about 60 percent of the total), those who have taken one physics course (teacher female or male), and those who have taken two physics courses (two female, two male, or one female and one male teacher). A correspondence analysis reveals an exploratory picture of the association between primary and confounding factors. Subsequently, a linear regression on students' physical science career choices is used as a confirmatory analysis of this picture.

Lung, Florin; Potvin, Geoff; Sadler, Philip M.; Sonnert, Gerhard

2012-03-01

403

Impact of Computer Algebra on Physics School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences  

E-print Network

Impact of Computer Algebra on Physics D. Waxman School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences "Computer Algebra" or sometimes "Symbolic Computation." The most fundamental aspect of computer algebra.1377 + 5.2342)3 , a computer algebra program can, amongst many other things, expand (x+y)3 for general x

Waxman, David

404

Physics in Films: A New Approach to Teaching Science  

E-print Network

Over the past year and a half we have developed an innovative approach to the teaching of `Physical Science', a general education course typically found in the curricula of nearly every college and university. The new approach uses popular movies to illustrate the principles of physical science, analyzing individual scenes against the background of the fundamental physical laws. The impact of being able to understand why, in reality, the scene could or could not have occurred as depicted in the film, what the director got right and what he got wrong, has excited student interest enormously in a course that, when taught in the traditional mode, is usually considered to be `too hard and boring'. The performance of students on exams reflected the increased attention to and retention of basic physical concepts, a result that was a primary goal of the `Physics in Films' approach. Following the first offering of the revitalization of the Physical Science course, in which action and sci-fi films were the primary sou...

Efthimiou, C J; Efthimiou, Costas J.; Llewellyn, Ralph

2004-01-01

405

Science Library of Test Items. Volume Eighteen. A Collection of Multiple Choice Test Items Relating Mainly to Chemistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As one in a series of test item collections developed by the Assessment and Evaluation Unit of the Directorate of Studies, items are made available to teachers for the construction of unit tests or term examinations or as a basis for class discussion. Each collection was reviewed for content validity and reliability. The test items meet syllabus…

New South Wales Dept. of Education, Sydney (Australia).

406

Fighting for physics and Earth science in Florida's high schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During its Spring 2009 session, the Florida Legislature considered a bill that would have suspended its comprehensive standardized test in high school science and substituted an end-of-course test in biology to satisfy the requirements of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act. By doing so, the bill would have further deemphasized high school physics and Earth science in a state where physics courses are sometimes not available in high schools (even in International Baccalaureate programs) and where the state's own statistics say that only 16% of high school graduates have taken a physics course. A group of about one hundred science faculty from thirteen colleges and universities in Florida responded with a letter to Governor Crist and visits to legislators asking that the biology-only provisions be defeated (and they were). The group has now produced a white paper on high school science requirements that has been distributed to government and business leaders and been publicized via op-ed pieces and news items in several media outlets statewide. This poster will describe the situation in Florida and the faculty group's efforts. It will also compare Florida's high school requirements in science with those in the other SESAPS states.

Cottle, Paul

2009-11-01

407

Putting the “Spark” into Physical Science and Algebra  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The presenters will describe a number of laboratory activities developed in collaboration with the Department of Electrical Engineering at the University of Delaware as part of their outreach program to help make math and science more authentic on the pre-college level. Lessons relating to electrical topics are often abstract and appropriate only for advanced students in math and science. We have devised lessons that rely on simple equipment. They promote skills that are included in National and State Standards. They emphasize the connections between math and science; they are appropriate for an algebra course, a physical science course, a PhysicsFirst course or a traditional physics course. Students benefit from seeing that what they learn in math and science courses can lead to cutting-edge work in areas such as passive wave imaging, photonics, wireless communication and high performance computing. The collaboration has been meaningful because it has motivated us to tailor our lessons to reflect what is happening in the research lab of our local university. Written materials for use in teacher training workshops will also be available. Funded by NSF Research Experience for Teachers(RET #0322633) program under the direction of Dr. Dennis Prather, University of Delaware Electrical Engineering

Dagenais, Andre; Pill, B.

2006-12-01

408

Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering Department of Pure and Applied Physics  

E-print Network

Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering Department of Pure and Applied Physics #12; Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering Department of Pure and Applied Physics of Science (Univ. of Tokyo) OTANI Mitsuharu Mathematical Physics Professor Doctor of Science (Kyoto Univ

Kaji, Hajime

409

Roadmap: Physics Applied Mathematics Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-AMTH  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physics ­ Applied Mathematics ­ Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-AMTH] College of the Arts and Sciences Department of Physics Applied Mathematics Minor [AMTH] College of the Arts and Sciences Department General University Physics I 5 Fulfills Kent Core Basic Sciences Semester Three: [16 Credit Hours] CS

Sheridan, Scott

410

Roadmap: Physics Chemistry -Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-CHEM  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physics ­ Chemistry - Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-CHEM] College of the Arts and Sciences Department of Physics Chemistry Minor [CHEM] College of the Arts and Sciences Department semester; fulfills minor requirement MATH 32051 Mathematical Methods in Physical Sciences I 4 PHY 23102

Sheridan, Scott

411

Roadmap: Physics Research -Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-RESE  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physics ­ Research - Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-RESE] College of the Arts and Sciences Physics I 5 Fulfills Kent Core Basic Sciences US 10097 Destination Kent State: First Year Experience 1 University Physics II 5 Fulfills Kent Core Basic Sciences Kent Core Requirement 3 See Kent Core Summary

Sheridan, Scott

412

Department of Biological, Chemical and Physical Sciences IIT Graduate Bulletin 20062008  

E-print Network

79 Department of Biological, Chemical and Physical Sciences IIT Graduate Bulletin 2006­2008 Department of Biological, Chemical and Physical Sciences Life Sciences Building 3101 S. Dearborn St. Chicago Sciences offers B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in the fields of chemistry, biology, physics, and molecular

Heller, Barbara

413

Physical sciences research plans for the international space station  

Microsoft Academic Search

The restructuring of the research capabilities of the International Space Station has forced a reassessment of the Physical Sciences research plans and a re-targeting of the major scientific thrusts. The combination of already selected peer-reviewed flight investigations with the initiation of new research and technology programs will allow the maximization of the ISS scientific and technological potential. Fundamental and applied

E. H. Trinh

2003-01-01

414

MATHEMATICS AND THE NATURAL SCIENCES. The Physical Singularity of Life.  

E-print Network

MATHEMATICS AND THE NATURAL SCIENCES. The Physical Singularity of Life. Francis Bailly Physique relationship, while not being subordinated, to the analyses of the foundations of mathematics. As integral part approach for certain aspects of biology. This approach, all the while being inspired by physico-mathematical

Longo, Giuseppe

415

Vector and Complex Calculus for the Physical Sciences  

E-print Network

Vector and Complex Calculus for the Physical Sciences Notes for Math 321 @ UW Madison c Fabian.6 Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors (Math 320 not 321) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 2 Vector Calculus Spring 2013 #12;2 #12;Contents 1 Vectors 5 1 Get your bearings

Thiffeault, Jean-Luc

416

Activities in planetary geology for the physical and earth sciences  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A users guide for teaching activities in planetary geology, and for physical and earth sciences is presented. The following topics are discussed: cratering; aeolian processes; planetary atmospheres, in particular the Coriolis Effect and storm systems; photogeologic mapping of other planets, Moon provinces and stratigraphy, planets in stereo, land form mapping of Moon, Mercury and Mars, and geologic features of Mars.

Dalli, R.; Greeley, R.

1982-01-01

417

Roadmap: Physical Education Human Movement Studies Bachelor of Science  

E-print Network

] ATTR 25057 Human Anatomy and Physiology I or EXSC 25057 Human Anatomy and Physiology I 3 PEP 25033Roadmap: Physical Education ­ Human Movement Studies ­ Bachelor of Science [EH-BS-PEP-HMS] College of Education, Health and Human Services School of Teaching, Learning and Curriculum Studies Catalog Year: 2012

Sheridan, Scott

418

Roadmap: Physical Therapist Assistant Technology Associate of Applied Science  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physical Therapist Assistant Technology � Associate of Applied Science [RE graduation. Note 1: Student who have successfully completed BSCI 20020 Biological Structure and Function may use that courses in place of BSCI 11020 Anatomy and Physiology for Allied Health II. They are still

Sheridan, Scott

419

Department of Computer Science Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics  

E-print Network

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 6.2 Computation of values for bigger games . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 7 API of mathematics. However, people have been playing games for ages. It is a natural human behaviour and our basicDepartment of Computer Science Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics Comenius University

Oxford, University of

420

2000ANNUAL REPORT NASA'S PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH PROGRAM  

E-print Network

.gov http://microgravity.msfc.nasa.gov FOR MORE INFORMATION 2000ANNUAL REPORT 1 N #12;INTRODUCTION 20002000ANNUAL REPORT NASA'S PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH PROGRAM National Aeronautics and Space of discreet fields. See page 54 Researchers working on fire safety issues in space need to understand

Waliser, Duane E.

421

Dr Skateboard's Action Science: Teaching Physics in Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to create student interest and promote new connections to the understanding of fundamental physics concepts, there is a need for new approaches and methods that are both contemporary and relevant. Dr Skateboard's Action Science, a curriculum supplement comprising video instruction and classroom activities, is an example that focuses on…

Robertson, William H.

2009-01-01

422

Kinetic exchange models: From molecular physics to social science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We discuss several multi-agent models that have their origin in the kinetic exchange theory of statistical mechanics and have been recently applied to a variety of problems in the social sciences. This class of models can be easily adapted for simulations in areas other than physics, such as the modeling of income and wealth distributions in economics and opinion dynamics in sociology.

Patriarca, Marco; Chakraborti, Anirban

2013-08-01

423

Army Science and Technology Fellowship: Physics of Materials.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is an Army Science and Technology Fellowship on the physics of materials. A computer controlled plasma assisted CVD chamber was designed and built. This system was then used to fabricate thin film coatings on different glasses, including ZBL glass (w...

W. A. Lanford

1990-01-01

424

Enhancing Student Performance through Cooperative Learning in Physical Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in a physical sciences course were introduced to cooperative learning at the University of Queensland, Gatton Campus. Groups of four to five students worked together in tutorial and practical sessions. Mid-term and practical examinations were abolished and 40% of total marks were allocated to the cooperative learning activities. A peer-…

Gupta, Madan L.

2004-01-01

425

Physics and social science - The approach of synergetics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Universally applicable methods originating in statistical physics and synergetics are combined with concepts from social science in order to set up and to apply a model construction concept for the quantitative description of a broad class of collective dynamical phenomena within society. Starting from the decisions of individuals and introducing the concept of dynamical utilities, probabilistic transition rates between attitudes

Wolfgang Weidlich

1991-01-01

426

Loop Calculus in Statistical Physics and Information Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discrete statistical models, the Ising model being the most famous example, play a prominent role in theoretical and mathematical physics. They are typically defined on a lattice, and major efforts in the field focused primarily on the case of the infinite lattice size. Similar statistical models emerge in information science. However, the most interest- ing questions there are related to

Michael Chertkov; Vladimir Y. Chernyak

2006-01-01

427

A Practical Guide to Data Analysis for Physical Science Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This textbook is intended for undergraduates who are carrying out laboratory experiments in the physical sciences for the first time. It is a practical guide on how to analyze data and estimate errors. The necessary formulas for performing calculations are given, and the ideas behind them are explained, although this is not a formal text on statistics. Specific examples are

Louis Lyons

1991-01-01

428

Enhancing student performance through cooperative learning in physical sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students in a physical sciences course were introduced to cooperative learning at the University of Queensland, Gatton Campus. Groups of four to five students worked together in tutorial and practical sessions. Mid-term and practical examinations were abolished and 40% of total marks were allocated to the cooperative learning activities. A peer- and self-assessment system was successfully adapted to account for

Madan L. Gupta

2004-01-01

429

Plasma Physics PART Al: INTRODUCTION TO PLASMA SCIENCE  

E-print Network

Plasma Physics PART Al: INTRODUCTION TO PLASMA SCIENCE I. What is a plasma? 1 II. Plasma fundamentals 3 1. Quasineutrality and Debye length 2. Plasma frequency and acoustic velocity 3. Larmor radius; magnetic buckets Cross section data 21 PART A3: PLASMA SOURCES I IV. Introduction to plasma sources 25 1

Chen, Francis F.

430

Learning Activity Package, Physical Science 92, LAPs 1-9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This set of nine teacher-prepared Learning Activity Packages (LAPs) for individualized instruction in physical science covers the topics of scientific equipment and procedures; measure of time, length, area, and volume; water; oxygen and oxidation; atmospheric pressure; motion; machines; carbon; and light and sound. Each unit contains a rationale…

Williams, G. J.

431

Statistics in the Physical Sciences and Engineering Diane Lambert 1  

E-print Network

Statistics in the Physical Sciences and Engineering Diane Lambert 1 Bell Lab s, Lucent Technologies scientists and engineers feel. The vignettes are loosely grouped by field of application. The first two to statistics. As Jerry Lawless points out, product degradation in dynamic environments leads to models like

Lambert, Diane

432

Relating Aerospace to Physical Science Grades 7-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to provide the teacher of secondary school physical science classes with a source of information about recent applications, discoveries, and innovations in aerospace. Each section of the guide is subdivided into parts in which objectives are listed, background information for the use of the teacher and/or the student is…

Williams, Mary H.; Rademacher, Jean

433

64 SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN August 2007 The Physical Science behind  

E-print Network

64 SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN August 2007 The Physical Science behind CLIMATE CHANGEBy William Collins and discuss what uncertainties remain ENVIRONMENT © 2007 SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN, INC. #12;www.SciAm.com SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN 65 For a scientist studying climate change, "eureka" moments are unusually rare. Instead

Kammen, Daniel M.

434

Impacting university physics students through participation in informal science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Informal education programs organized by university physics departments are a popular means of reaching out to communities and satisfying grant requirements. The outcomes of these programs are often described in terms of broader impacts on the community. Comparatively little attention, however, has been paid to the influence of such programs on those students facilitating the informal science programs. Through Partnerships for Informal Science Education in the Community (PISEC) at the University of Colorado Boulder, undergraduate and graduate physics students coach elementary and middle school children during an inquiry-based science after school program. As part of their participation in PISEC, university students complete preparation in pedagogy, communication and diversity, engage with children on a weekly basis and provide regular feedback about the program. We present findings that indicate these experiences improve the ability of university students to communicate in everyday language and positively influence their perspectives on teaching and learning.

Hinko, Kathleen; Finkelstein, Noah D.

2013-08-31

435

Science Fiction Stories with Good Astronomy and Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a selective list of some short stories and novels that use more or less accurate science and can be used for teaching or reinforcing astronomy or physics concepts. I include both traditional "science-fiction" and (occasionally) more serious fiction that derives meaning or plot from astronomy or physics ideas. The titles of short stories are given in quotation marks; only short stories that have been published in book form are included. While one book source is given for each short story, note that some of the stories can be found in other collections as well. The author welcomes suggestions for additions to or subtractions from this list, especially if your favorite story with good science is left out.

Fraknoi, Andrew

2009-03-30

436

Complex network problems in physics, computer science and biology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is a close relation between physics and mathematics and the exchange of ideas between these two sciences are well established. However until few years ago there was no such a close relation between physics and computer science. Even more, only recently biologists started to use methods and tools from statistical physics in order to study the behavior of complex system. In this thesis we concentrate on applying and analyzing several methods borrowed from computer science to biology and also we use methods from statistical physics in solving hard problems from computer science. In recent years physicists have been interested in studying the behavior of complex networks. Physics is an experimental science in which theoretical predictions are compared to experiments. In this definition, the term prediction plays a very important role: although the system is complex, it is still possible to get predictions for its behavior, but these predictions are of a probabilistic nature. Spin glasses, lattice gases or the Potts model are a few examples of complex systems in physics. Spin glasses and many frustrated antiferromagnets map exactly to computer science problems in the NP-hard class defined in Chapter 1. In Chapter 1 we discuss a common result from artificial intelligence (AI) which shows that there are some problems which are NP-complete, with the implication that these problems are difficult to solve. We introduce a few well known hard problems from computer science (Satisfiability, Coloring, Vertex Cover together with Maximum Independent Set and Number Partitioning) and then discuss their mapping to problems from physics. In Chapter 2 we provide a short review of combinatorial optimization algorithms and their applications to ground state problems in disordered systems. We discuss the cavity method initially developed for studying the Sherrington-Kirkpatrick model of spin glasses. We extend this model to the study of a specific case of spin glass on the Bethe lattice at zero temperature and then we apply this formalism to the K-SAT problem defined in Chapter 1. The phase transition which physicists study often corresponds to a change in the computational complexity of the corresponding computer science problem. Chapter 3 presents phase transitions which are specific to the problems discussed in Chapter 1 and also known results for the K-SAT problem. We discuss the replica method and experimental evidences of replica symmetry breaking. The physics approach to hard problems is based on replica methods which are difficult to understand. In Chapter 4 we develop novel methods for studying hard problems using methods similar to the message passing techniques that were discussed in Chapter 2. Although we concentrated on the symmetric case, cavity methods show promise for generalizing our methods to the un-symmetric case. As has been highlighted by John Hopfield, several key features of biological systems are not shared by physical systems. Although living entities follow the laws of physics and chemistry, the fact that organisms adapt and reproduce introduces an essential ingredient that is missing in the physical sciences. In order to extract information from networks many algorithm have been developed. In Chapter 5 we apply polynomial algorithms like minimum spanning tree in order to study and construct gene regulatory networks from experimental data. As future work we propose the use of algorithms like min-cut/max-flow and Dijkstra for understanding key properties of these networks.

Cojocaru, Radu Ionut

437

Bachelor of Science in Medical Physics Program at Ryerson University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new Bachelor of Science in Medical Physics program at Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario was launched in Fall 2006. The program builds on Ryerson’s strong existing capabilities in biomedical physics research. The program’s point of entry is the common first year during which all students in Biology, Chemistry, Contemporary Science and Medical Physics programs complete the foundation courses that include physics, calculus, biology, chemistry, and introduction to computing. In addition to the foundation courses, the first-year studies include an orientation course that supports the students in making a successful transition to university studies. The courses beyond the first year include such topics as radiation therapy, image analysis, medical diagnostics and computer modeling techniques. In the final year the students will undertake an independent, faculty-supervised thesis project in an area of personal research interest. Co-op and industrial internship options are available. Our program promotes natural interaction between physics, life sciences, mathematics and computing. The flexibility built into our curriculum will open a variety of career options for our graduates.

Antimirova, Tetyana

2006-12-01

438

Biological and Physical Space Research Laboratory 2002 Science Review  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

With the International Space Station Program approaching core complete, our NASA Headquarters sponsor, the new Code U Enterprise, Biological and Physical Research, is shifting its research emphasis from purely fundamental microgravity and biological sciences to strategic research aimed at enabling human missions beyond Earth orbit. Although we anticipate supporting microgravity research on the ISS for some time to come, our laboratory has been vigorously engaged in developing these new strategic research areas.This Technical Memorandum documents the internal science research at our laboratory as presented in a review to Dr. Ann Whitaker, MSFC Science Director, in July 2002. These presentations have been revised and updated as appropriate for this report. It provides a snapshot of the internal science capability of our laboratory as an aid to other NASA organizations and the external scientific community.

Curreri, P. A. (Editor); Robinson, M. B. (Editor); Murphy, K. L. (Editor)

2003-01-01

439

From Cognitive Science to Physics Education and Back  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Principles of learning and performance derived from research in cognitive science can inform how physics is taught and how learning is assessed. At the same time, common practices in physics education can be used to develop better cognitive principles of student learning and understanding. This paper has two main themes. First, we discuss how we can use psychology and neuroscience research regarding how academic anxiety alters thinking and reasoning to help students perform at their best â especially on important tests. Second, we explore how basic principles of learning can be used to develop optimal labs in physics education settings. Finally, we end by discussing how, together, PER and cognitive science can be used to help students perform at their best when it matters most.

Beilock, Sian L.; Fischer, Susan M.

2013-12-19

440

Against a Negative Image of Science: History of Science and the Teaching of Physics and Chemistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

After a first approach to analyze which is today's status of the history of science in high school Physics and Chemistry classes, we attempt to demonstrate that an appropriate introduction of several aspects of History and Sociology of Science in our classes can operate a significant improvement in pupils' image and attitudes in science and science teaching. We will show that several groups of pupils from 15 to 17 can improve significantly their interest in science after at least a year working with papers containing many different activities that involve several historical aspects of science, like context biographies, original papers, reports on STS in history or videos showing the making and growth of major concepts in P & C.

Solbes, J.; Traver, M.

441

The Department of Physics 108 Science Hall Box 19059 817-272-2266  

E-print Network

The Department of Physics 108 Science Hall · Box 19059 · 817-272-2266 www.uta.edu/physics Academic Advising: 108 Science Hall · 817-272-2266 Overview The Department of Physics offers three Bachelors of this catalog. Requirements for a Bachelor of Science Degree in Physics English Six hours of composition

Texas at Arlington, University of

442

Physics and the Philosophy of Science at the Turn of the Twentieth Century  

E-print Network

Physics and the Philosophy of Science at the Turn of the Twentieth Century (Forthcoming Theoretical physics and the philosophy of science are among the most important fields of research physics and the philosophy of science nurtured one another's growth. Physics provided the philosopher both

Howard, Don

443

The assessment of critical thinking skills in anatomy and physiology students who practice writing higher order multiple choice questions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Critical thinking is a complex abstraction that defies homogeneous interpretation. This means that no operational definition is universal and no critical thinking measurement tool is all encompassing. Instructors will likely find evidence based strategies to facilitate thinking skills only as numerous research efforts from multiple disciplines accumulate. This study focuses on a question writing exercise designed to help anatomy and physiology students. Students were asked to design multiple choice questions that combined course concepts in new and novel ways. Instructions and examples were provided on how to construct these questions and student attempts were sorted into levels one through three of Bloom's Cognitive Taxonomy (Bloom et al. 1956). Students submitted their question designs weekly and received individual feedback as to how they might improve. Eight course examinations were created to contain questions that modeled the Bloom's Cognitive Taxonomy levels that students were attempting. Students were assessed on their course examination performance as well as performance on a discipline independent critical thinking test called the California Critical Thinking Skills Test (CCTST). The performance of students in this study was compared to students from two previous years that took the same course but did not have the question writing activity. Results suggest that students do not improve their ability to answer critical thinking multiple choices questions when they practice the task of creating such problems. The effect of class level on critical thinking is examined and it appears that the longer a student has attended college the better the performance on both discipline specific and discipline independent critical thinking questions. The data were also used to analyze students who improved their course examination grades in the second semester of this course. There is a pattern to suggest that students who improve their performance on course examinations did so largely in non-critical thinking problems. Although, when this subset of students is analyzed by class level it appears that sophomores reverse the pattern and improve much more in critical thinking type questions than their upper classmen. The implications of this are discussed.

Shaw, Jason

444

Designing an Introductory Physics Course for Biological Science Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the past four years the School of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Minnesota has been revising its Introductory Physics Course specifically targeted to biological science and pre-medical students. The course design process includes determining the reasons that introductory physics is required by the biology faculty and determining how or if to satisfy their goals. The resulting course must substantially satisfy the goals of the biology faculty, be an introductory physics course that stresses the application of fundamental principles and relates them to complex situations typical in biology, be of interest to beginning biology students, and be teachable by ordinary physics professors. The design process for the content and the pedagogy of the course will be described as will the resulting course structure. Student performance measures for the revised course will also be given.

Heller, Kenneth

2009-05-01

445

Quantitative biology: where modern biology meets physical sciences.  

PubMed

Quantitative methods and approaches have been playing an increasingly important role in cell biology in recent years. They involve making accurate measurements to test a predefined hypothesis in order to compare experimental data with predictions generated by theoretical models, an approach that has benefited physicists for decades. Building quantitative models in experimental biology not only has led to discoveries of counterintuitive phenomena but has also opened up novel research directions. To make the biological sciences more quantitative, we believe a two-pronged approach needs to be taken. First, graduate training needs to be revamped to ensure biology students are adequately trained in physical and mathematical sciences and vice versa. Second, students of both the biological and the physical sciences need to be provided adequate opportunities for hands-on engagement with the methods and approaches necessary to be able to work at the intersection of the biological and physical sciences. We present the annual Physiology Course organized at the Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, MA) as a case study for a hands-on training program that gives young scientists the opportunity not only to acquire the tools of quantitative biology but also to develop the necessary thought processes that will enable them to bridge the gap between these disciplines. PMID:25368426

Shekhar, Shashank; Zhu, Lian; Mazutis, Linas; Sgro, Allyson E; Fai, Thomas G; Podolski, Marija

2014-11-01

446

Attitudes about science and conceptual physics learning in university introductory physics courses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper examines the results of the repeated administration of the Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey (CLASS) in a large introductory physics course at a midsize, metropolitan Canadian university. We compare the results to those obtained previously in comparable courses at the University of British Columbia (Canada) and the University of Colorado (U.S.). Atypically, students in this study exhibited a positive shift in their attitudes about science over the semester. The change in studentsâ attitudes across the term appears to be moderated by their educational backgroundâspecifically, whether they had taken grade 12 physics or not. The correlation between studentsâ attitudes and their conceptual knowledge also appears to be influenced by studentsâ educational background. The results have pedagogical implications for instructors of introductory college and university physics and potentially for other science courses.

Milner-Bolotin, Marina; Antimirova, Tetyana; Noack, Andrea; Petrov, Anna

2012-05-25

447

Measuring the Consistency in Change in Hepatitis B Knowledge among Three Different Types of Tests: True/False, Multiple Choice, and Fill in the Blanks Tests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recall of information about Hepatitis B demonstrated by 180 seventh graders was tested with three test types: (1) short-answer; (2) true/false; and (3) multiple-choice. Short answer testing was the most reliable. Suggestions are made for the use of short-answer tests in evaluating student knowledge. (SLD)

Sahai, Vic; Demeyere, Petra; Poirier, Sheila; Piro, Felice

1998-01-01

448

Incorporating Multiple-Choice Questions into an AACSB Assurance of Learning Process: A Course-Embedded Assessment Application to an Introductory Finance Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors offer a classification technique to make a quantitative skills rubric more operational, with the groupings of multiple-choice questions to match the student learning levels in knowledge, calculation, quantitative reasoning, and analysis. The authors applied this classification technique to the mid-term exams of an introductory finance…

Santos, Michael R.; Hu, Aidong; Jordan, Douglas

2014-01-01

449

Using IRT To Combine Multiple-Choice and Free-Response Sections of a Test onto a Common Scale Using A Priori Weights.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Free-response (FR) item formats, such as essay questions, are popular in educational assessment. The criticisms against FR items are that they are more expensive to score, take up more testing time, provide less content coverage, and are less reliable than multiple-choice (MC) items. For these reasons, FR items are often combined with MC items.…

Lukhele, Robert; Sireci, Stephen G.

450

Influences of Item Content and Format on the Dimensionality of Tests Combining Multiple-Choice and Open-Response Items: An Application of the Poly-DIMTEST Procedure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The DIMTEST statistical procedure was used in a confirmatory manner to explore the dimensionality structures of three kinds of achievement tests: multiple-choice tests, constructed-response tests, and tests combining both formats. The DIMTEST procedure is based on estimating conditional covariances of the responses to the item pairs. The analysis…

Perkhounkova, Yelena; Dunbar, Stephen B.

451

College students' ratings of student effort, student ability and teacher input as correlates of student performance on multiple-choice exams  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the class session following feedback regarding their scores on multiple-choice exams, undergraduate students in a large human development course rated the strength of possible contributors to their exam performance. Students rated items related to their personal effort in preparing for the exam (identified as student effort in the paper), their ability to perform well on the exams (identified as

Robert L. Williams; Lloyd Clark

2004-01-01

452

Sometimes Adults Miss the Main Ideas and Do Not Realize It: Confidence in Responses to Short-Answer and Multiple-Choice Comprehension Questions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the relation between question characteristics and awareness of comprehension. Finds that readers have great confidence that their answers to thematic questions in both short-answer and multiple-choice formats are correct, even when they were wrong. Suggests that readers of challenging, inconsiderate texts are unaware of gross…

Pressley, Michael; And Others

1990-01-01

453

Teaching the Teachers: Physical Science for the Non-Scientific  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Catholic University of America, in collaboration with the Solar Physics Branch of the Naval Research Laboratory and the Goddard Space Flight Center, has begun development of an experimental, inquiry-driven and standards-referenced physical science course for undergraduate, pre-service K-8 teachers. The course is team-taught by faculty from the University's Departments of Education and Physics and NRL solar physics research personnel. Basic physical science concepts are taught in the context of the Sun and Sun-Earth Connections, through direct observation, web-based solar data, and images and movies from ongoing space missions. The Sun can illuminate, in ways that cannot be duplicated with comparable clarity in the laboratory, the basics of magnetic and gravitational force fields, Newton's Laws, and light and optics. The immediacy of the connection to ongoing space research and live mission data serves as well to inspire student interest and curiosity. Teaching objectives include pedagogical methods, especially hands-on and observational experiences appropriate to the physics content and the K-8 classroom. The CUA Program, called TOPS! (Top Teachers of Physical Science!) has completed its first year of classroom experience; the first few batches of Program graduates should be in K-8 classrooms in time to capitalize on the motivational opportunities offered by the 2007-2008 IHY and IPY. We present data on the attitudinal and scientific progress of fifteen pre-service Early Childhood and Elementary Education majors as they experienced, many for the first time, the marvels of attractive and repulsive forces, live observations of solar system dynamics, access to real-time satellite data and NASA educational resources.

Michels, D. J.; Pickert, S. M.; Montrose, C. J.; Thompson, J. L.

2004-12-01

454

Identification of technical item flaws leads to improvement of the quality of single best Multiple Choice Questions  

PubMed Central

Objective: The purpose of the study was to identify technical item flaws in the multiple choice questions submitted for the final exams for the years 2009, 2010 and 2011. Methods: This descriptive analytical study was carried out in Islamic International Medical College (IIMC). The Data was collected from the MCQ’s submitted by the faculty for the final exams for the year 2009, 2010 and 2011. The data was compiled and evaluated by a three member assessment committee. The data was analyzed for frequency and percentages the categorical data was analyzed by chi-square test. Results: Overall percentage of flawed item was 67% for the year 2009 of which 21% were for testwiseness and 40% were for irrelevant difficulty. In year 2010 the total item flaws were 36% and 11% testwiseness and 22% were for irrelevant difficulty. The year 2011 data showed decreased overall flaws of 21%. The flaws of testwisness were 7%, irrelevant difficulty were 11%. Conclusion: Technical item flaws are frequently encountered during MCQ construction, and the identification of flaws leads to improved quality of the single best MCQ’s. PMID:24353614

Fayyaz Khan, Humaira; Farooq Danish, Khalid; Saeed Awan, Azra; Anwar, Masood

2013-01-01

455

The validity of multiple choice practical examinations as an alternative to traditional free response examination formats in gross anatomy.  

PubMed

Traditionally, an anatomy practical examination is conducted using a free response format (FRF). However, this format is resource-intensive, as it requires a relatively large time investment from anatomy course faculty in preparation and grading. Thus, several interventions have been reported where the response format was changed to a selected response format (SRF). However, validity evidence from those interventions has not proved entirely adequate for the practical anatomy examination, and thus, further investigation was required. In this study, the validity evidence of SRF was examined using multiple choice questions (MCQs) constructed according to different levels of Bloom's taxonomy in comparison with the traditional free response format. A group of 100 medical students registered in a gross anatomy course volunteered to be enrolled in this study. The experimental MCQ examinations were part of graded midterm and final steeplechase practical examination. Volunteer students were instructed to complete the practical examinations twice, once in each of two separate examination rooms. The two separate examinations consisted of a traditional free response format and MCQ format. Scores from the two examinations (FRF and MCQ) displayed a strong correlation, even with higher level Bloom's taxonomy questions. In conclusion, the results of this study provide empirical evidence that the SRF (MCQ) response format is a valid method and can be used as an alternative to the traditional FRF steeplechase examination. PMID:23109285

Shaibah, Hassan Sami; van der Vleuten, Cees P M

2013-01-01

456

Education techniques for lifelong learning: writing multiple-choice questions for continuing medical education activities and self-assessment modules.  

PubMed

The multiple-choice question (MCQ) is the most commonly used type of test item in radiologic graduate medical and continuing medical education examinations. Now that radiologists are participating in the maintenance of certification process, there is an increased need for self-assessment modules that include MCQs and persons with test item-writing skills to develop such modules. Although principles of effective test item writing have been documented, violations of these principles are common in medical education. Guidelines for test construction are related to development of educational objectives, defining levels of learning for each objective, and writing effective MCQs that test that learning. Educational objectives should be written in observable, behavioral terms that allow for an accurate assessment of whether the learner has achieved the objectives. Learning occurs at many levels, from simple recall to problem solving. The educational objectives and the MCQs that accompany them should target all levels of learning appropriate for the given content. Characteristics of effective MCQs can be described in terms of the overall item, the stem, and the options. Flawed MCQs interfere with accurate and meaningful interpretation of test scores and negatively affect student pass rates. Therefore, to develop reliable and valid tests, items must be constructed that are free of such flaws. The article provides an overview of established guidelines for writing effective MCQs, a discussion of writing appropriate educational objectives and MCQs that match those objectives, and a brief review of item analysis. PMID:16549616

Collins, Jannette

2006-01-01

457

An Online National Archive of Multiple-Choice Questions for Astro 101 and the Development of the Question Complexity Rubric  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We are developing a national archive of multiple-choice questions for use in the Astronomy 101 classroom. These questions are intended to supplement an instructor's implementation of Think-Pair-Share or for their assessment purposes (i.e., exams and homework). We are also developing the Question Complexity Rubric (QCR) to guide members of the Astro 101 teaching and learning community in assisting us with hierarchically ranking questions in this archive based on their conceptual complexity. Using the QCR, a score is assigned to differentiate each question based on the cognitive steps necessary to comprehensively explain the reasoning pathway to the correct answer. The lowest QCR score is given to questions with a reasoning pathway requiring only declarative knowledge. The highest QCR score is given to questions with a reasoning pathway that requires multiple connected cognitive steps. When completed, the online question archive will provide users with the utility to 1) use the QCR to score questions 2) search for and download questions based on topic and/or QCR score, and 3) add their own questions to the archive. Stop by our poster to test your skills at determining question complexity by trying out the QCR with our sample questions.

Cormier, S.; Prather, E.; Brissenden, G.

2011-09-01

458

Modern problems in the physical sciences (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 30 November 2011)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On 30 November 2011, a scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) was held in the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS.The agenda of the session announced on the RAS Physical Sciences Division website www.gpad.ac.ru included the following reports: (1) Ivchenko E L (Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, RAS, St. Petersburg) "Spin physics in semiconductor nanosystems"; (2) Golub L E (A F Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, RAS, St. Petersburg) "Spin transport in heterostructures"; (3) Levchenko A A (Institute of Solid State Physics, RAS, Chernogolovka, Moscow region) "Capillary turbulence on the surface of quantum liquids"; (4) Babin S A (Institute of Automation and Electrometry, Siberian Branch of the RAS) "New generation modes in fiber lasers"; (5) Kurt V G (Astro-Space Center of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Motion of the Sun through the interstellar medium"; (6) Lukash V N (Astro-Space Center of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Cosmological flow generation in general relativity".Papers written on the basis of oral reports 1-3, 5, and 6 are presented below. • Spin physics in semiconductor nanosystems, E L Ivchenko Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 8, Pages 808-814 • Spin transport in heterostructures, L E Golub Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 8, Pages 814-818 • Kinetic and discrete turbulence on the surface of quantum liquids, L V Abdurakhimov, M Yu Brazhnikov, A A Levchenko, I A Remizov, S V Filatov Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 8, Pages 818-825 • Motion of the Sun through the interstellar medium, V G Kurt, E N Mironova Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 8, Pages 825-831 • Generation of cosmological flows in general relativity, V N Lukash, E V Mikheeva, V N Strokov Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 8, Pages 831-837

2012-08-01

459

Multiple choice questions revisited.  

PubMed

MCQs of the multiple true/false (MTF) variety were widely used in summative assessment 25 years ago. They could test a number of skills in addition to recall of factual knowledge, and were reliable, discriminatory, reproducible and cost-effective. However, there are now considerable doubts about their construct validity, mainly because of the varying responses of examinees to negative countermarking and the 'don't know' option, and the strategies they use when sitting examinations. Extended matching and one-from-five questions are now preferable, and negative countermarking is outmoded. MTF questions are still valuable in formative assessment and revision but are not recommended for summative examinations. PMID:15203517

Anderson, John

2004-03-01

460

Workshop physical science: Project-based science education for future teachers, parents, and citizens  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper gives an interim report of a program designed to improve science education for pre-service elementary school teachers and other non-science majors. Building on the success of Workshop Physics (1), this program blends guided-inquiry techniques with student-directed projects. The curriculum is still being pilot-tested, but preliminary assessment shows that students are quite motivated by the project-based nature of the

David P. Jackson; Priscilla W. Laws

1997-01-01

461

Developing the learning physical science curriculum: Adapting a small enrollment, laboratory and discussion based physical science course for large enrollments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on the adaptation of the small enrollment, lab and discussion based physical science course, Physical Science and Everyday Thinking (PSET), for a large-enrollment, lecture-style setting. Like PSET, the new Learning Physical Science (LEPS) curriculum was designed around specific principles based on research on learning to meet the needs of nonscience students, especially prospective and practicing elementary and middle school teachers. We describe the structure of the two curricula and the adaptation process, including a detailed comparison of similar activities from the two curricula and a case study of a LEPS classroom implementation. In LEPS, short instructor-guided lessons replace lengthier small group activities, and movies, rather than hands-on investigations, provide the evidence used to support and test ideas. LEPS promotes student peer interaction as an important part of sense making via “clicker” questions, rather than small group and whole class discussions typical of PSET. Examples of student dialog indicate that this format is capable of generating substantive student discussion and successfully enacting the design principles. Field-test data show similar student content learning gains with the two curricula. Nevertheless, because of classroom constraints, some important practices of science that were an integral part of PSET were not included in LEPS.

Goldberg, Fred; Price, Edward; Robinson, Stephen; Boyd-Harlow, Danielle; McKean, Michael

2012-06-01

462

Developing the learning physical science curriculum: Adapting a small enrollment, laboratory and discussion based physical science course for large enrollments  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We report on the adaptation of the small enrollment, lab and discussion based physical science course, Physical Science and Everyday Thinking (PSET), for a large-enrollment, lecture-style setting. Like PSET, the new Learning Physical Science (LEPS) curriculum was designed around specific principles based on research on learning to meet the needs of nonscience students, especially prospective and practicing elementary and middle school teachers. We describe the structure of the two curricula and the adaptation process, including a detailed comparison of similar activities from the two curricula and a case study of a LEPS classroom implementation. In LEPS, short instructor-guided lessons replace lengthier small group activities, and movies, rather than hands-on investigations, provide the evidence used to support and test ideas. LEPS promotes student peer interaction as an important part of sense making via âclickerâ questions, rather than small group and whole class discussions typical of PSET. Examples of student dialog indicate that this format is capable of generating substantive student discussion and successfully enacting the design principles. Field-test data show similar student content learning gains with the two curricula. Nevertheless, because of classroom constraints, some important practices of science that were an integral part of PSET were not included in LEPS.

Goldberg, Fred; Price, Edward; Robinson, Stephen J.; Boyd-Harlow, Danielle; Mckean, Michael

2012-05-21

463

Hot Topics at Colliders: Exploring Hints of New Physics Princeton Center for Theoretical Science  

E-print Network

Hot Topics at Colliders: Exploring Hints of New Physics Princeton Center for Theoretical Science) Discussion Discussion Top Theory (New Physics) Jessie Shelton (Yale) Discussion Short Theory Talks Short

464

Joint Scientific Session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Joint Physical Society of the Russian Federation (30 November 2005)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A joint scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) and the Joint Physical Society of the Russian Federation was held in the Conference Hall of the P N Lebedev Physics Institute, RAS, on 30 November 2005. The following reports were presented at the session:(1) Kuznetsov V D (N V Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial

Vladimir D Kuznetsov; Valerii V Zaitsev; Alexander V Stepanov; Evgenii M Churazov; Rashid A Syunyaev; S Yu Sazonov; Mikhail G Revnivtsev; Dmitrii A Varshalovich; Sergei N Fabrika; P K Abolmasov; S V Karpov; O N Sholukhova; Kajal K Ghosh

2006-01-01

465

A physical sciences network characterization of non-tumorigenic and metastatic cells  

E-print Network

To investigate the transition from non-cancerous to metastatic from a physical sciences perspective, the Physical Sciences–Oncology Centers (PS-OC) Network performed molecular and biophysical comparative studies of the ...

Jacks, Tyler E.

466

From Black Holes to Art History: 2005-2006 NSF Lectures Explore the Physical Sciences  

NSF Publications Database

... History: 2005-2006 NSF Lectures Explore the Physical Sciences September 20, 2005 The National ... by the Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences. The talks will help promote a national ...

467

QFT In Physical Systems: Condensed Matter to Life Sciences  

E-print Network

A panoramic view is given of the applications of QFT to diverse areas of physics, beginning with the concepts of QED Vacuum as well as of electron self-energy and renormalization. The related concepts of the degenerate vacuum, spontaneous symmetry breaking (SSB)and Nambu-Goldstone bosons, together with their applications to condensed matter physics and quasi particles are outlined. The possibilities of application to life sciences are also examined. Finally the alternative method of Path integrals for introducing QFT is briefly indicated.

A. N. Mitra

2011-08-01

468

Exploring Relationships: Teacher Characteristics and Student Learning in Physical Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Department of Physics and the School of Education at Seattle Pacific University, together with FACET Innovations, LLC, are beginning the second year of a five-year NSF TPC grant, Improving the Effectiveness of Teacher Diagnostic Skills and Tools. We are working in partnership with school districts in Washington State to identify and characterize widespread productive and unproductive modes of reasoning employed by both pre-college students and teachers on foundational topics in physical science. In the first year of the grant, base-line preand post-test data were collected from a large number (N 2300) of middle and high school students. We will discuss relationships between preand post-test results, student learning gains, and student and teacher characteristics. * Supported in part by NSF grant #ESI-0455796, The Boeing Corporation, and the SPU Science Initiative.

Close, Eleanor; Vokos, S.; Seeley, L.

2006-12-01

469

Physical Sciences Research Plans for the International Space Station  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The restructuring of the research capabilities of the International Space Station has forced a reassessment of the Physical Sciences research plans and a re-targeting of the major scientific thrusts. The combination of already selected peer-reviewed flight investigations with the initiation of new research and technology programs will allow the maximization of the ISS scientific and technological potential. Fundamental and applied research will use a combination of ISS-based facilities, ground-based activities, and other experimental platforms to address issues impacting fundamental knowledge, industrial and medical applications on Earth, and the technology required for human space exploration. The current flight investigation research plan shows over 150 principal investigators selected to use the remaining planned research facilities. A description of all the physical sciences research facilities will be provided together with a discussion of a sample of the planned investigations.

Trinh, E.

2002-01-01

470

Physical Sciences Facility Air Emission Control Equivalency Evaluation  

SciTech Connect

This document presents the adequacy evaluation for the application of technology standards during design, fabrication, installation and testing of radioactive air exhaust systems at the Physical Sciences Facility (PSF), located on the Horn Rapids Triangle north of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) complex. The analysis specifically covers the exhaust portion of the heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems associated with emission units EP-3410-01-S, EP-3420-01-S and EP 3430-01-S.

Brown, David M.; Belew, Shan T.

2008-10-17

471

Experimental Physical Sciences Vistas: MaRIE (draft)  

Microsoft Academic Search

To achieve breakthrough scientific discoveries in the 21st century, a convergence and integration of world-leading experimental facilities and capabilities with theory, modeling, and simulation is necessary. In this issue of Experimental Physical Sciences Vistas, I am excited to present our plans for Los Alamos National Laboratory's future flagship experimental facility, MaRIE (Matter-Radiation Interactions in Extremes). MaRIE is a facility that

Shlachter; Jack

2010-01-01

472

Physics teacher use of the history of science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The School of Education and the Department of Physics at Boston University offer a sequence of 10 two-credit professional development courses through the Improving the Teaching of Physics (ITOP) project. The ITOP courses combine physics content, readings from the physics education research (PER) literature, and the conceptual history of physics (CHOP). ITOP participants self-report changes to their teaching practices as a result of their participation in ITOP. The purpose of this study was to verify and characterize those changes in the specific area of the participants' use of history after their study of CHOP. Ten recent ITOP participants were observed, interviewed, and asked to provide lesson plans and samples of student work from their classes. Case studies of each participant's teaching were constructed from the data. The individual cases were synthesized to characterize the impact of CHOP on the ITOP participants. The results show that the participants integrate CHOP into their pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) to inform their understanding of: (1) the relationship between physics and other disciplines, (2) the relationship between specific physics concepts, (3) student understanding of physics concepts, (4) student difficulties in learning physics concepts, and (5) methods for teaching physics concepts. The participants use history to teach a variety of topics, although the most common were mechanics and electromagnetism. All of the participants used history to teach aspects of the nature of science (NOS) and to increase student interest in physics, while eight participants taught physics concepts through history. The predominant mode of incorporating history was through adding anecdotes about the scientists who worked on the concepts, but seven participants had their students study the historical development of physical concepts. All the participants discussed a lack of time as a factor that inhibits a greater use of history in their courses. Eight participants discussed a lack of appropriate resources for using history in high school physics classes. Two participants said they did not feel that explicit study of the history of physics would benefit their students until they had better mastery of physics concepts.

Winrich, Charles

473

Department of Crop and Soil Sciences PhD Graduate Research Assistantship: Soil Science/Soil Quality/Soil Physics  

E-print Network

Department of Crop and Soil Sciences PhD Graduate Research Assistantship: Soil Science/Soil Quality/Soil Physics Position Summary: Plastic mulches are used in agriculture to conserve water, suppress Qualifications: � MS in Soil Science, Environmental Science, Environmental Engineering, or closely related field

Flury, Markus

474

Nuclear Physics Science Network Requirements Workshop, May 2008 - Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is the primary provider of network connectivity for the US Department of Energy Office of Science, the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States of America. In support of the Office of Science programs, ESnet regularly updates and refreshes its understanding of the networking requirements of the instruments, facilities, scientists, and science programs that it serves. This focus has helped ESnet to be a highly successful enabler of scientific discovery for over 20 years. In May 2008, ESnet and the Nuclear Physics (NP) Program Office of the DOE Office of Science organized a workshop to characterize the networking requirements of the science programs funded by the NP Program Office. Most of the key DOE sites for NP related work will require significant increases in network bandwidth in the 5 year time frame. This includes roughly 40 Gbps for BNL, and 20 Gbps for NERSC. Total transatlantic requirements are on the order of 40 Gbps, and transpacific requirements are on the order of 30 Gbps. Other key sites are Vanderbilt University and MIT, which will need on the order of 20 Gbps bandwidth to support data transfers for the CMS Heavy Ion program. In addition to bandwidth requirements, the workshop emphasized several points in regard to science process and collaboration. One key point is the heavy reliance on Grid tools and infrastructure (both PKI and tools such as GridFTP) by the NP community. The reliance on Grid software is expected to increase in the future. Therefore, continued development and support of Grid software is very important to the NP science community. Another key finding is that scientific productivity is greatly enhanced by easy researcher-local access to instrument data. This is driving the creation of distributed repositories for instrument data at collaborating institutions, along with a corresponding increase in demand for network-based data transfers and the tools to manage those transfers effectively. Network reliability is also becoming more important as there is often a narrow window between data collection and data archiving when transfer and analysis can be done. The instruments do not stop producing data, so extended network outages can result in data loss due to analysis pipeline stalls. Finally, as the scope of collaboration continues to increase, collaboration tools such as audio and video conferencing are becoming ever more critical to the productivity of scientific collaborations.

Tierney, Ed., Brian L; Dart, Ed., Eli; Carlson, Rich; Dattoria, Vince; Ernest, Michael; Hitchcock, Daniel; Johnston, William; Kowalski, Andy; Lauret, Jerome; Maguire, Charles; Olson, Douglas; Purschke, Martin; Rai, Gulshan; Watson, Chip; Vale, Carla

2008-11-10

475

Are Grades 10-12 Physical Sciences Teachers Equipped to Teach Physics?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

South African schools have been confronted with educational reform since the mid-nineties and the process is still continuing. The concomitant changes put a very high demand on physical sciences teachers and also have an impact on teacher behaviour. The purpose of this study was to probe whether teachers could be considered equipped to teach the…

Basson, Ilsa; Kriek, Jeanne

2012-01-01

476

Solar and Space Physics: A Science for a Technological Society  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

From the interior of the Sun, to the upper atmosphere and near-space environment of Earth, and outward to a region far beyond Pluto where the Sun's influence wanes, advances during the past decade in space physics and solar physics the disciplines NASA refers to as heliophysics have yielded spectacular insights into the phenomena that affect our home in space. This report, from the National Research Council's (NRC's) Committee for a Decadal Strategy in Solar and Space Physics, is the second NRC decadal survey in heliophysics. Building on the research accomplishments realized over the past decade, the report presents a program of basic and applied research for the period 2013-2022 that will improve scientific understanding of the mechanisms that drive the Sun's activity and the fundamental physical processes underlying near-Earth plasma dynamics, determine the physical interactions of Earth's atmospheric layers in the context of the connected Sun-Earth system, and enhance greatly the capability to provide realistic and specific forecasts of Earth's space environment that will better serve the needs of society. Although the recommended program is directed primarily to NASA (Science Mission Directorate -- Heliophysics Division) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) (Directorate for Geosciences -- Atmospheric and Geospace Sciences) for action, the report also recommends actions by other federal agencies, especially the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) those parts of NOAA charged with the day-to-day (operational) forecast of space weather. In addition to the recommendations included in this summary, related recommendations are presented in the main text of the report.

2013-01-01

477

Scientific Research in British Universities and Colleges 1969-70, Volume I, Physical Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annual publication (1969-1970) contains brief statements about current research in the physical sciences being conducted at British universities and colleges. Areas included are chemistry, physics, engineering, biochemistry, biometry, biophysics, physical geography, mathematics, computing science, and history and philosophy of science. (CP)

Department of Education and Science, London (England).

478

Bachelor of Science, Physics, Secondary Education, 2012-2013 Name ID# Date  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Science, Physics, Secondary Education, 2012-2013 Name ID# Date General Degree Sciences, Chemistry, Earth Science, or Mathematics. Single Field Endorsement in Physics (To total 46 to 48, 211L Physics I with Calculus & Lab DLV Visual and Performing Arts DLL PHIL 101 Knowledge and Reality

Barrash, Warren

479

Foundations for Complex Systems Research in the Physical Sciences and Engineering  

E-print Network

Foundations for Complex Systems Research in the Physical Sciences and Engineering Report from, Northwestern University, Co-Chair #12;Foundations for Complex Systems Research in the Physical Sciences and Mathematical and Physical Sciences Directorates charged us to identify "barriers" and "gaps" that impede

Dobson, Ian

480

Program Assessment Plan -Graduate Programs: Master of Science in Engineering Physics (113*/40.0801)  

E-print Network

Program Assessment Plan - Graduate Programs: Master of Science in Engineering Physics (113 Plan ­ Graduate Programs: Master of Science in Engineering Physics," will be housed in the Department in Engineering Physics (113*/40.0801) Concentrations include: a. Master of Science in Systems and Laboratory

Thaxton, Christopher S.

481

Student goals and expectations in a large-enrollment physical science class N. Sanjay Rebello  

E-print Network

1 Student goals and expectations in a large-enrollment physical science class N. Sanjay Rebello Physics Department, Kansas State University, Manhattan KS 66506-2601 Abstract: What are the goals of non-science students taking a lecture-based physical science course? Do students' goals and expectations change

Zollman, Dean

482

Roadmap: Physics Pre-Medicine/Pre-Osteopathy -Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-PMDO  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physics ­ Pre-Medicine/Pre-Osteopathy - Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-PMDO] College of the Arts and Sciences Department of Physics Catalog Year: 2013-2014 Page 1 of 3 | Last Updated: 25-Sept-13 1 PHY 23101 General University Physics I 5 Fulfills Kent Core Basic Sciences US 10097 Destination

Sheridan, Scott

483

SANTA CRUZ: OFFICE OF THE DEAN DIVISION OF PHYSICAL & BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES  

E-print Network

SANTA CRUZ: OFFICE OF THE DEAN DIVISION OF PHYSICAL & BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA-(Letterhead for interdepartmental use) August 17, 2012 PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES COMMUNITY Re: Year-end Message Dear the Physical and Biological Sciences Division as I begin my first term as dean, following a year as interim

California at Santa Cruz, University of

484

Physics Lectures and Laboratories. A Model To Improve Preservice Elementary Science Teacher Development. Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A group of scientists and science educators has developed and pilot tested an integrated physical science program designed for preservice elementary school teachers. This document includes the syllabus and class materials for the Physics block of the physical science courses developed by the group. Included are diagrams, lecture notes, homework…

Dresser, Miles

485

Item and Test Analysis to Identify Quality Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) from an Assessment of Medical Students of Ahmedabad, Gujarat  

PubMed Central

Background: Multiple choice questions (MCQs) are frequently used to assess students in different educational streams for their objectivity and wide reach of coverage in less time. However, the MCQs to be used must be of quality which depends upon its difficulty index (DIF I), discrimination index (DI) and distracter efficiency (DE). Objective: To evaluate MCQs or items and develop a pool of valid items by assessing with DIF I, DI and DE and also to revise/ store or discard items based on obtained results. Settings: Study was conducted in a medical school of Ahmedabad. Materials and Methods: An internal examination in Community Medicine was conducted after 40 hours teaching during 1st MBBS which was attended by 148 out of 150 students. Total 50 MCQs or items and 150 distractors were analyzed. Statistical Analysis: Data was entered and analyzed in MS Excel 2007 and simple proportions, mean, standard deviations, coefficient of variation were calculated and unpaired t test was applied. Results: Out of 50 items, 24 had “good to excellent” DIF I (31 - 60%) and 15 had “good to excellent” DI (> 0.25). Mean DE was 88.6% considered as ideal/ acceptable and non functional distractors (NFD) were only 11.4%. Mean DI was 0.14. Poor DI (< 0.15) with negative DI in 10 items indicates poor preparedness of students and some issues with framing of at least some of the MCQs. Increased proportion of NFDs (incorrect alternatives selected by < 5% students) in an item decrease DE and makes it easier. There were 15 items with 17 NFDs, while rest items did not have any NFD with mean DE of 100%. Conclusion: Study emphasizes the selection of quality MCQs which truly assess the knowledge and are able to differentiate the students of different abilities in correct manner. PMID:24696535

Gajjar, Sanju; Sharma, Rashmi; Kumar, Pradeep; Rana, Manish

2014-01-01

486

Fantastic Physics: Developing an Early Interest in Science. A Preschool Science Curriculum. 3 Year Old Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using hands-on activities and the "Plan, Do, Review" approach, this physics curriculum for 3-year-old children is designed to develop an early interest in and enthusiasm for science and to excite children about learning in general. The curriculum is designed to be implemented biweekly in preschool or child care programs but may also be presented…

Summer, Gail L.; Giovannini, Kathleen

487

Millikan Lecture 1998: Building a science of teaching physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Individual teachers of college level physics sometimes develop deep insights into how their students learn and what elements of classroom instruction are valuable in facilitating the learning process. Yet these insights rarely persist beyond the individual instructor. Educational methods seem to cycle from one fad to another, rarely cumulating increasingly powerful knowledge in the way scientists expect understanding to grow. In this paper I explore the character of our understanding of the physical world and of teaching about it. The critical factor is using "the culture of science"-the set of processes that allow us to build a community consensus knowledge base. Elements of the beginning of a base for our educational knowledge are discussed and examples given from discipline-based physics education research.

Redish, Edward F.

2005-10-20

488

The Science Information Infrastructure: An Integrated Network for Finding and Using Information about Our Physical World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several federal science agencies have formed an alliance to work together and to make an interagency science portal, science.gov http://www.science.gov, a reality that will serve the needs of the research community and provide universal access to physical science information for citizens. While much progress has been made, challenges of resources…

Warnick, Walter

2001-01-01

489

Implications of computer science principles for quantum physics  

E-print Network

The Church-Turing thesis is one of the pillars of computer science; it postulates that every classical system has equivalent computability power to the so-called Turing machine. While this thesis is crucial for our understanding of computing devices, its implications in other scientific fields have hardly been explored. Here we start this research programme in the context of quantum physics and show that computer science laws have profound implications for some of the most fundamental results of the theory. We first show how they question our knowledge on what a mixed quantum state is, as we identify situations in which ensembles of quantum states defining the same mixed state, indistinguishable according to the quantum postulates, do become distinguishable when prepared by a computer. We also show a new loophole for Bell-like experiments: if some of the parties in a Bell-like experiment use a computer to decide which measurements to make, then the computational resources of an eavesdropper have to be limited in order to have a proper observation of non-locality. Our work opens a new direction in the search for a framework unifying computer science and quantum physics.

Ariel Bendersky; Gonzalo de la Torre; Gabriel Senno; Santiago Figueira; Antonio Acin

2014-07-02

490

Students, language, and physics: Discourse in the science classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Women and minorities do not enter science professions at rates consistent with their populations (Rosser, 2000). A variety of theoretical frameworks and associated interventions have been cited in the literature; yet, the gender and racial gaps remain. Theoretical frameworks and the associated interventions to promote the success of women and minorities in the sciences have primarily been one dimensional: they address issues of Self (associated with experiential and psychoanalytical framings) or Language (categorical and deconstructive framings) (Grumet & Stone, 2000). Furthermore, research in science education with few exceptions (Hanson, 2004), has failed to address race and gender through an intersectional analysis. This study investigates the inclusion and exclusion of girls and minorities in the sciences by examining the connections between Self and Language in physics group work conversations. Critical Discourse Analysis was used to explore the connections between Self and Language. Eight students in two groups were the focus of the study. Transcription of conversations and coding of transcripts with students' subject positions, genres, and registers provided evidence of the reflexivity of Self and Language. Furthermore, the study demonstrated how group discourse and power imbalances within groups serve to simultaneously facilitate and constrain learning opportunities and learning itself.

Kowalski, Susan Marie

491

The Science on Saturday Program at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Science on Saturday Program at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory consists of a series of Saturday morning lectures on various topics in science by scientists, engineers, educators, and others with an interesting story. This program has been in existence for over twelve years and has been advertised to and primarily aimed at the high school level. Topics ranging from superconductivity to computer animation and gorilla conservation to pharmaceutical design have been covered. Lecturers from the staff of Princeton, Rutgers, AT and T, Bristol Meyers Squibb, and many others have participated. Speakers have ranged from Nobel prize winners, astronauts, industrialists, educators, engineers, and science writers. Typically, there are eight to ten lectures starting in January. A mailing list has been compiled for schools, science teachers, libraries, and museums in the Princeton area. For the past two years AT and T has sponsored buses for Trenton area students to come to these lectures and an effort has been made to publicize the program to these students. The series has been very popular, frequently overfilling the 300 seat PPPL auditorium. As a result, the lectures are videotaped and broadcast to a large screen TV for remote viewing. Lecturers are encouraged to interact with the audience and ample time is provided for questions.

Bretz, N.; Lamarche, P.; Lagin, L.; Ritter, C.; Carroll, D. L.

1996-11-01

492

ASP2012: Fundamental Physics and Accelerator Sciences in Africa  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Much remains to be done to improve education and scientific research in Africa. Supported by the international scientific community, our initiative has been to contribute to fostering science in sub-Saharan Africa by establishing a biennial school on fundamental subatomic physics and its applications. The school is based on a close interplay between theoretical, experimental, and applied physics. The lectures are addressed to students or young researchers with at least a background of 4 years of university formation. The aim of the school is to develop capacity, interpret, and capitalize on the results of current and future physics experiments with particle accelerators; thereby spreading education for innovation in related applications and technologies, such as medicine and information science. Following the worldwide success of the first school edition, which gathered 65 students for 3-week in Stellenbosch (South Africa) in August 2010, the second edition will be hosted in Ghana from July 15 to August 4, 2012. The school is a non-profit organization, which provides partial or full financial support to 50 of the selected students, with priority to Sub-Saharan African students.

Darve, Christine

2012-02-01

493

A Meta-Analysis of Test Format Effects on Reading and Listening Test Performance: Focus on Multiple-Choice and Open-Ended Formats  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A meta-analysis was conducted on the effects of multiple-choice and open-ended formats on L1 reading, L2 reading, and L2 listening test performance. Fifty-six data sources located in an extensive search of the literature were the basis for the estimates of the mean effect sizes of test format effects. The results using the mixed effects model of…

In'nami, Yo; Koizumi, Rie

2009-01-01

494

Factor Structure of the Benton Visual Retention Tests: Dimensionalization of the Benton Visual Retention Test, Benton Visual Retention Test–Multiple Choice, and the Visual Form Discrimination Test  

Microsoft Academic Search

Six sequential experiments were conducted on archival data of 610 U.S. Veterans seen at the Palo Alto Veteran's Affairs Hospital, to understand the dimensionalization of the Benton Visual retention test in both the recall (BVRT) and multiple-choice (BVRT-MC) format as well as the Visual Form Discrimination Test (VFDT). These tests were dimensionalized by the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale–Revised (WAIS-R) revealing

Courtney A. Lockwood; Yael Mansoor; Elizabeth Homer-Smith; James A. Moses Jr

2011-01-01

495

The Three?option Format for Knowledge and Ability Multiple?choice Tests: A case for why it should be more commonly used in personnel testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multiple?choice (MC) tests are arguably the most widely used testing format in applied settings. In the psychometric and education literatures, research on the optimal number of options for knowledge and ability MC tests has revealed that three?option tests are psychometrically equivalent and, in some cases, superior to five?option tests. In addition, there are a number of practical, economic, and administrative

Bryan D. Edwards; Winfred Arthur; Leonardis L. Bruce

2012-01-01

496

Physical sciences research plans for the International Space Station  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The restructuring of the research capabilities of the International Space Station has forced a reassessment of the Physical Sciences research plans and a re-targeting of the major scientific thrusts. The combination of already selected peer-reviewed flight investigations with the initiation of new research and technology programs will allow the maximization of the ISS scientific and technological potential. Fundamental and applied research will use a combination of ISS-based facilities, ground-based activities, and other experimental platforms to address issues impacting fundamental knowledge, industrial and medical applications on Earth, and the technology required for human space exploration. The current flight investigation research plan shows a large number of principal investigators selected to use the remaining planned research facilities. c2003 American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Trinh, E. H.

2003-01-01

497

Biographical Sources in the Sciences--Life, Earth and Physical Sciences (1989-2006). LC Science Tracer Bullet. TB 06-4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide offers a systematic approach to the wide variety of published biographical information on men and women of science in the life, earth and physical sciences, primarily from 1989 to 2006, and complements Library of Congress Science Tracer Bullet "TB88-3" ("Biographical Sources in the Sciences," compiled 1988 [ED306074]) and "TB06-7"…

Freitag, Ruth, Comp.; Bradley, Michelle Cadoree, Comp.

2006-01-01

498

JSTOR: Philosophical Transactions: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 2000 back issues of this scholarly journal were made available to researchers through JSTOR (Journal Storage). JSTOR offers online access to numerous scholarly journals on a "moving wall" basis -- in which users may download the full text and figures of each article that is at least three-years-old. Currently, JSTOR coverage includes Philosophical Transactions: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 354-355, 1996-1997. Newer articles are continually added on a moving wall basis. Access is limited to participating institutions, a list of which is provided at the JSTOR site.

499

Forming Modern Citizens in the 1960s: Comparative Analysis of Teaching in Natural Sciences, Physical Sciences and Physical Education throughout France  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reforms made to France's education system structures during the 1960s resulted in a repositioning of academic subjects within study plans. This article looks at three relatively similar subjects (physical sciences, natural sciences and physical education) and throws light on the arguments put forward to defend the purpose of each of them in the…

Attali, Michael; Guedj-Chauchard, Muriel; Saint-Martin, Jean; Savaton, Pierre

2011-01-01

500

The Reasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in the Physical Sciences  

E-print Network

Mathematics and its relation to the physical universe have been the topic of speculation since the days of Pythagoras. Several different views of the nature of mathematics have been considered: Realism - mathematics exists and is discovered; Logicism - all mathematics may be deduced through pure logic; Formalism - mathematics is just the manipulation of formulas and rules invented for the purpose; Intuitionism - mathematics comprises mental constructs governed by self evident rules. The debate among the several schools has major importance in understanding what Eugene Wigner called, "The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in the Natural Sciences." In return, this `Unreasonable Effectiveness' suggests a possible resolution of the debate in favor of it Realism. The crucial element is the extraordinary predictive capacity of mathematical structures descriptive of physical theories.

Harvey, Alex

2012-01-01