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1

Evaluating multiple-choice exams in large introductory physics courses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The reliability and validity of professionally written multiple-choice exams have been extensively studied for exams such as the SAT, graduate record examination, and the force concept inventory. Much of the success of these multiple-choice exams is attributed to the careful construction of each question, as well as each response. In this study, the reliability and validity of scores from multiple-choice exams written for and administered in the large introductory physics courses at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign were investigated. The reliability of exam scores over the course of a semester results in approximately a 3% uncertainty in studentsâ total semester exam score. This semester test score uncertainty yields an uncertainty in the studentsâ assigned letter grade that is less than 1/3 of a letter grade. To study the validity of exam scores, a subset of students were ranked independently based on their multiple-choice score, graded explanations, and student interviews. The ranking of these students based on their multiple-choice score was found to be consistent with the ranking assigned by physics instructors based on the studentsâ written explanations ( r>0.94 at the 95% confidence level) and oral interviews (r=0.94?â.âââºâ°.â°â¶).

Scott, Michael; Stelzer, Timothy; Gladding, Gary

2007-11-19

2

Multiple-Choice Exams: An Obstacle for Higher-Level Thinking in Introductory Science Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning science requires higher-level (critical) thinking skills that need to be practiced in science classes. This study tested the effect of exam format on critical-thinking skills. Multiple-choice (MC) testing is common in introductory science courses, and students in these classes tend to associate memorization with MC questions and may not…

Stanger-Hall, Kathrin F.

2012-01-01

3

Visual Attention for Solving Multiple-Choice Science Problem: An Eye-Tracking Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study employed an eye-tracking technique to examine students' visual attention when solving a multiple-choice science problem. Six university students participated in a problem-solving task to predict occurrences of landslide hazards from four images representing four combinations of four factors. Participants' responses and visual attention…

Tsai, Meng-Jung; Hou, Huei-Tse; Lai, Meng-Lung; Liu, Wan-Yi; Yang, Fang-Ying

2012-01-01

4

An Investigation of Explanation Multiple-Choice Items in Science Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Both multiple-choice and constructed-response items have known advantages and disadvantages in measuring scientific inquiry. In this article we explore the function of explanation multiple-choice (EMC) items and examine how EMC items differ from traditional multiple-choice and constructed-response items in measuring scientific reasoning. A group…

Liu, Ou Lydia; Lee, Hee-Sun; Linn, Marcia C.

2011-01-01

5

The Development and Validation of a Two-Tiered Multiple-Choice Instrument to Identify Alternative Conceptions in Earth Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was to determine reliability and validity for a two-tiered, multiple- choice instrument designed to identify alternative conceptions in earth science. Additionally, this study sought to identify alternative conceptions in earth science held by preservice teachers, to investigate relationships between self-reported confidence scores and…

Mangione, Katherine Anna

2010-01-01

6

Evaluation of Multiple Choice and Short Essay Question items in Basic Medical Sciences  

PubMed Central

Objectives: To evaluate Multiple Choice and Short Essay Question items in Basic Medical Sciences by determining item writing flaws (IWFs) of MCQs along with cognitive level of each item in both methods. Methods: This analytical study evaluated the quality of the assessment tools used for the first batch in a newly established medical college in Karachi, Pakistan. First and sixth module assessment tools in Biochemistry during 2009-2010 were analyzed. Cognitive level of MCQs and SEQs, were noted and MCQ item writing flaws were also evaluated. Results: A total of 36 SEQs and 150 MCQs of four items were analyzed. The cognitive level of 83.33% of SEQs was at recall level while remaining 16.67% were assessing interpretation of data. Seventy six percent of the MCQs were at recall level while remaining 24% were at the interpretation. Regarding IWFs, 69 IWFs were found in 150 MCQs. The commonest among them were implausible distracters (30.43%), unfocused stem (27.54%) and unnecessary information in the stem (24.64%). Conclusion: There is a need to review the quality including the content of assessment tools. A structured faculty development program is recommended for developing improved assessment tools that align with learning outcomes and measure competency of medical students. PMID:24639820

Baig, Mukhtiar; Ali, Syeda Kauser; Ali, Sobia; Huda, Nighat

2014-01-01

7

The development and validation of a two-tiered multiple-choice instrument to identify alternative conceptions in earth science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study was to determine reliability and validity for a two-tiered, multiple- choice instrument designed to identify alternative conceptions in earth science. Additionally, this study sought to identify alternative conceptions in earth science held by preservice teachers, to investigate relationships between self-reported confidence scores and understanding of earth science concepts, and to describe relationships between content knowledge and alternative conceptions and planning instruction in the science classroom. Eighty-seven preservice teachers enrolled in the MAT program participated in this study. Sixty-eight participants were female, twelve were male, and seven chose not to answer. Forty-seven participants were in the elementary certification program, five were in the middle school certification program, and twenty-nine were pursuing secondary certification. Results indicate that the two-tiered, multiple-choice format can be a reliable and valid method for identifying alternative conceptions. Preservice teachers in all certification areas who participated in this study may possess common alternative conceptions previously identified in the literature. Alternative conceptions included: all rivers flow north to south, the shadow of the Earth covers the Moon causing lunar phases, the Sun is always directly overhead at noon, weather can be predicted by animal coverings, and seasons are caused by the Earth's proximity to the Sun. Statistical analyses indicated differences, however not all of them significant, among all subgroups according to gender and certification area. Generally males outperformed females and preservice teachers pursuing middle school certification had higher scores on the questionnaire followed by those obtaining secondary certification. Elementary preservice teachers scored the lowest. Additionally, self-reported scores of confidence in one's answers and understanding of the earth science concept in question were analyzed. There was a slight positive correlation between overall score and both confidence and understanding. Responses on the questionnaire were investigated with respect to pedagogical choices. Evidence suggests that content knowledge and having alternative conceptions or science fragments may impact a teacher's pedagogical choices. Through careful development of instruments like ACES-Q II-R and other two- tiered, multiple-choice instruments, educators and researchers car not only identify possible alternative conceptions, they can raise an awareness of alternative conceptions held by children and adults.

Mangione, Katherine Anna

8

An analysis of complex multiple-choice science-technology-society items: Methodological development and preliminary results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The scarce attention to the assessment and evaluation in science education research has been especially harmful for teaching science-technology-society (STS) issues, due to the dialectical, tentative, value-laden, and polemic nature of most STS topics. This paper tackles the methodological difficulties of the instruments that monitor views related to STS topics and rationalizes a quantitative methodology and an analysis technique to improve the utility of an empirically developed multiple-choice item pool, the Questionnaire of Opinions on STS. This methodology embraces an item-scaling psychometrics based on the judgments by a panel of experts, a multiple response model, a scoring system, and the data analysis. The methodology finally produces normalized attitudinal indices that represent the respondent's reasoned beliefs toward STS statements, the respondent's position on an item that comprises several statements, or the respondent's position on an entire STS topic that encompasses a set of items. Some preliminary results show the methodology's ability to evaluate the STS attitudes in a qualitative and quantitative way and for statistical hypothesis testing. Lastly, some applications for teacher training and STS curriculum development in science classrooms are discussed.

Vázquez-Alonso, Ángel; Manassero-Mas, María-Antonia; Acevedo-Díaz, José-Antonio

2006-07-01

9

Multiple choice questions are superior to extended matching questions to identify medicine and biomedical sciences students who perform poorly.  

PubMed

In recent years, medical faculties at Dutch universities have implemented a legally binding study advice to students of medicine and biomedical sciences during their propaedeutic phase. Appropriate examination is essential to discriminate between poor (grade <6), moderate (grade 6-8) and excellent (grade ?8) students. Therefore, we compared the discriminatory properties of extended matching questions (EMQs) versus multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and identified the role of sex, age and examination preference on this score. Data were collected for 452 first-year medical and biomedical science students during three distinct course examinations: one examination with EMQ only, one with MCQ only and one mixed examination (including EMQ and MCQ). Logistic regression analysis revealed that MCQ examination was 3 times better in identifying poor students compared with EMQ (RR 3.0, CI 2.0-4.5), whereas EMQ better detected excellent students (average grade ?8) (RR 1.93, CI 1.47-2.53). Mixed examination had comparable characteristics to MCQ. Sex and examination preference did not impact the score of the student. Students ?20 years had a 4-fold higher risk ratio of obtaining a poor grade (<6) compared with students ?18 years old (RR 4.1, CI 2.1-8.0). Given the strong discriminative capacity of MCQ examinations to identify poor students, we recommend the use of this type of examination during the propaedeutic phase of medicine and biomedical science study programmes, in the light of the binding study advice. PMID:24203858

Eijsvogels, Thijs M H; van den Brand, Tessa L; Hopman, Maria T E

2013-11-01

10

Student-Generated Content: Enhancing Learning through Sharing Multiple-Choice Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between students' use of PeerWise, an online tool that facilitates peer learning through student-generated content in the form of multiple-choice questions (MCQs), and achievement, as measured by their performance in the end-of-module examinations, was investigated in 5 large early-years science modules (in physics, chemistry…

Hardy, Judy; Bates, Simon P.; Casey, Morag M.; Galloway, Kyle W.; Galloway, Ross K.; Kay, Alison E.; Kirsop, Peter; McQueen, Heather A.

2014-01-01

11

Can multiple-choice questions simulate free-response questions?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We discuss a study to evaluate the extent to which free-response questions could be approximated by multiple-choice equivalents. Two carefully designed research-based multiple-choice questions were transformed into a free-response format and administered on the final exam in a calculus-based introductory physics course. The original multiple-choice questions were administered in another similar introductory physics course on final exam. Findings suggest that carefully designed multiple-choice questions can reflect the relative performance of the free-response questions while maintaining the benefits of ease of grading and quantitative analysis, especially if the different choices in the multiple-choice questions are weighted to reflect the different levels of understanding that students display.

Lin, Shih-Yin; Singh, Chandralekha

2012-04-24

12

Classroom Assessment Techniques: Multiple Choice Test  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page describes how to use a multiple choice test to assess student understanding. The assessment tool is one of a series of Classroom Assessment Techniques (CATs) provided by the Field-tested Learning Assessment Guide (FLAG) website. The CATs of FLAG were constructed as a resource for science, technology, engineering and mathematics instructors to emphasize deeper levels of learning and to give instructors valuable feedback during a course. The multiple-choice test is a flexible assessment format that can be used to measure knowledge, skills, abilities, values and thinking skills. This site provides an overview of this assessment technique, including information about how, when and why to use it. The site is also linked to a set of discipline-specific "tools" that can be downloaded for immediate use, as well as supplementary links and sources to further explore this assessment tool.

Parkes, Jay; The National Institute for Science Education; College Level One Team

13

Multiple Choice Questions for Groundwater  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online quiz was written by Dr. John C. Butler at the University of Houston for 100-level geology students. There are 44 multiple choice questions and 8 fill in the blank questions, Topics include groundwater resources, the water cycle, karst features, the water table and parts of an aquifer. Answers are linked directly from the quiz page.

John C. Butler

14

Multiple-choice test of energy and momentum concepts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We investigate student understanding of energy and momentum concepts at the level of introductory physics by designing and administering a 25-item multiple choice test and conducting individual interviews. We find that most students have difficulty in qualitatively interpreting basic principles related to energy and momentum and in applying them in physical situations.

Singh, Chandralekha; Rosengrant, David

2012-04-27

15

Performance on multiple-choice diagnostics and complementary exam problems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper compares the responses of university physics students on the Force Concept Inventory (FCI) and on open-ended examination questions. The Mechanics Baseline Test (MBT) is another multiple choice test. It contains a greater range of topics than the FCI and is intended for use after instruction.

Steinberg, Richard N.; Sabella, Mel

2005-10-17

16

Approaches to data analysis of multiple-choice questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper introduces five commonly used approaches to analyzing multiple-choice test data. They are classical test theory, factor analysis, cluster analysis, item response theory, and model analysis. Brief descriptions of the goals and algorithms of these approaches are provided, together with examples illustrating their applications in physics education research. We minimize mathematics, instead placing emphasis on data interpretation using these approaches.

Ding, Lin; Beichner, Robert J.

2010-06-29

17

Crowdsourcing Control: Moving Beyond Multiple Choice Christopher H. Lin Mausam Daniel S. Weld  

E-print Network

Crowdsourcing Control: Moving Beyond Multiple Choice Christopher H. Lin Mausam Daniel S. Weld Department of Computer Science and Engineering University of Washington Seattle, WA 98195 {chrislin,mausam,weld, and Weld 2010; 2011) to quality control is the restriction to multiple choice questions, i.e., jobs where

Mausam

18

Middle School Students' Conceptual Learning from the Implementation of a New NSF Supported Curriculum: Interactions in Physical Science[TM  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new National Science Foundation supported curriculum, Interactions in Physical Science[TM], was evaluated on students' conceptual change in the twelve concept areas of the national physical science content standard (B) for grades 5-8. Eighth grade students (N = 66) were evaluated pre and post on a 31-item multiple-choice test of conceptual…

Eick, Charles J.; Dias, Michael; Smith, Nancy R. Cook

2009-01-01

19

Physical Science Earth Science  

E-print Network

Navigation Front Page Physical Science Earth Science Biology Medicine Neuroscience Culture Applied removes the template and converts the resulting copper oxide structures to pure metal, retaining Medicine Neurosciences Culture Search Featured Articles More Open Collaboration for Drug Design Camphor

Bennett, Gisele

20

Analysis of multiple-choice items.  

PubMed

This paper deals with scoring and analysis of multiple-choice exam questions. Data may be read by an optical mark reader scanner or from a file created by a system editor and stored in a format convenient to be analysed by a specially designed program 'MCQ'. In addition the data file created can be linked with the package SPSSx for pertinent statistical methods or SPSS Graphics for illustration of score and item distributions. The MCQ program comprises: (1) scoring; (2) item analysis: difficulty and discrimination indices; (3) testing the goodness of alternatives attached to each question. The method is applicable to multiple-choice questions with 4.5 greater than 5; true/false and combined exam questions. The method should prove useful for instructors to build up a balanced discriminant questions bank. PMID:1873997

Moussa, M A; Ouda, B A; Nemeth, A

1991-04-01

21

Science Library of Test Items. Volume Twenty. A Collection of Multiple Choice Test Items Relating Mainly to Physics, 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As one in a series of test item collections developed by the Assessment and Evaluation Unit of the Directorate of Studies, items are made available to teachers for the construction of unit tests or term examinations or as a basis for class discussion. Each collection was reviewed for content validity and reliability. The test items meet syllabus…

New South Wales Dept. of Education, Sydney (Australia).

22

Multiple Choice: From Sample to Product  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This archived version of the exhibit: "Multiple Choice: From Sample to Product" provides a PDF of a press release along with information about the content and context of the exhibit.The exhibition traced the process that takes samples to final products in a variety of contexts, ranging from home furnishings to architectural ornament to textile design. Highlights of the exhibition included an earthenware sample plate with transfer-printed decorations, made in England in 1899, associated with a finished plate made using the same technique.

23

Genetic Algorithms for Multiple-Choice Problems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This thesis investigates the use of problem-specific knowledge to enhance a genetic algorithm approach to multiple-choice optimisation problems.It shows that such information can significantly enhance performance, but that the choice of information and the way it is included are important factors for success.Two multiple-choice problems are considered.The first is constructing a feasible nurse roster that considers as many requests as possible.In the second problem, shops are allocated to locations in a mall subject to constraints and maximising the overall income.Genetic algorithms are chosen for their well-known robustness and ability to solve large and complex discrete optimisation problems.However, a survey of the literature reveals room for further research into generic ways to include constraints into a genetic algorithm framework.Hence, the main theme of this work is to balance feasibility and cost of solutions.In particular, co-operative co-evolution with hierarchical sub-populations, problem structure exploiting repair schemes and indirect genetic algorithms with self-adjusting decoder functions are identified as promising approaches.The research starts by applying standard genetic algorithms to the problems and explaining the failure of such approaches due to epistasis.To overcome this, problem-specific information is added in a variety of ways, some of which are designed to increase the number of feasible solutions found whilst others are intended to improve the quality of such solutions.As well as a theoretical discussion as to the underlying reasons for using each operator,extensive computational experiments are carried out on a variety of data.These show that the indirect approach relies less on problem structure and hence is easier to implement and superior in solution quality.

Aickelin, Uwe

2010-04-01

24

Strategies for the Meaningful Evaluation of Multiple-Choice Assessments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Too many multiple-choice tests are administered without an evaluative component. Teachers often return student assessments or Scantron cards--computerized bubble forms--without review, assuming that the printing of the correct answer will suffice. However, a more constructivist approach to follow up multiple-choice tests can make for more…

Chesbro, Robert

2010-01-01

25

Reducing the Need for Guesswork in Multiple-Choice Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The humble multiple-choice test is very widely used within education at all levels, but its susceptibility to guesswork makes it a suboptimal assessment tool. The reliability of a multiple-choice test is partly governed by the number of items it contains; however, longer tests are more time consuming to take, and for some subject areas, it can be…

Bush, Martin

2015-01-01

26

An Introduction to Classical Test Theory as Applied to Conceptual Multiple-choice Tests  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A number of conceptual multiple-choice tests have been developed addressing many different areas of physics. These tests are typically used to determine what difficulties students have with specific content and to evaluate teaching practices and curriculum. The purpose of this paper is to provide the reader with a general overview of the key aspects of the development process from the perspective of classical test theory and critical issues that distinguish high-quality conceptual multiple-choice tests from those that are not.

Engelhardt, Paula V.

2009-04-11

27

Test Equating under the Multiple-Choice Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a characteristic curve procedure for comparing transformations of the item response theory ability scale assuming the multiple-choice model. Illustrates the use of the method with an example equating American College Testing mathematics tests. (SLD)

Kim, Jee-Seon; Hanson, Bradley A.

2002-01-01

28

Optimizing multiple-choice tests as tools for learning.  

PubMed

Answering multiple-choice questions with competitive alternatives can enhance performance on a later test, not only on questions about the information previously tested, but also on questions about related information not previously tested-in particular, on questions about information pertaining to the previously incorrect alternatives. In the present research, we assessed a possible explanation for this pattern: When multiple-choice questions contain competitive incorrect alternatives, test-takers are led to retrieve previously studied information pertaining to all of the alternatives in order to discriminate among them and select an answer, with such processing strengthening later access to information associated with both the correct and incorrect alternatives. Supporting this hypothesis, we found enhanced performance on a later cued-recall test for previously nontested questions when their answers had previously appeared as competitive incorrect alternatives in the initial multiple-choice test, but not when they had previously appeared as noncompetitive alternatives. Importantly, however, competitive alternatives were not more likely than noncompetitive alternatives to be intruded as incorrect responses, indicating that a general increased accessibility for previously presented incorrect alternatives could not be the explanation for these results. The present findings, replicated across two experiments (one in which corrective feedback was provided during the initial multiple-choice testing, and one in which it was not), thus strongly suggest that competitive multiple-choice questions can trigger beneficial retrieval processes for both tested and related information, and the results have implications for the effective use of multiple-choice tests as tools for learning. PMID:25123774

Little, Jeri L; Bjork, Elizabeth Ligon

2015-01-01

29

Assessing Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) Tests--A Mathematical Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reasoning behind popular methods for analysing the raw data generated by multiple choice question (MCQ) tests is not always appreciated, occasionally with disastrous results. This article discusses and analyses three options for processing the raw data produced by MCQ tests. The article shows that one extreme option is not to penalize a…

Scharf, Eric M.; Baldwin, Lynne P.

2007-01-01

30

Assessing multiple choice question (MCQ) tests - a mathematical perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The reasoning behind popular methods for analysing the raw data generated by multiple choice question (MCQ) tests is not always appreciated, occasionally with disastrous results.This article discusses and analyses three options for processing the raw data produced by MCQ tests. The article shows that one extreme option is not to penalize a student for wrong answers or for missing out

Eric M. Scharf; Lynne P. Baldwin

2007-01-01

31

Appropriateness of Advice: DCT and Multiple Choice Data.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates what can be learned about second language (L2) speech acts using English language multiple choice (MC) instruments and discourse completion tests (DCTs). The study focuses on the primary language (L1) responses of native speakers and the L2 responses given by speakers of Chinese to MC questionnaires and DCTs dealing with the…

Hinkel, Eli

1997-01-01

32

Analyzing Student Confidence in Classroom Voting with Multiple Choice Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to present results of a recent study in which students voted on multiple choice questions in mathematics courses of varying levels. Students used clickers to select the best answer among the choices given; in addition, they were also asked whether they were confident in their answer. In this paper we analyze data…

Stewart, Ann; Storm, Christopher; VonEpps, Lahna

2013-01-01

33

Microorganism Interactions and Microbial Ecology: Multiple Choice Quiz  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online multiple-choice quiz accompanies McGraw Hill's Microbiology (5th edition) textbook chapter covering Microorganism Interactions and Microbial Ecology. It is comprised of 32 questions for which the answers can be submitted and checked online with the click of a button.

Prescott, Lansing M.; Klein, Donald; Harley, John P.; Microbiology; McGraw Hill Online Learning Center

34

Individualizing Physical Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes "Studies in the Physical Sciences" (SPS), an audiotutorial physical science course designed for non-science elementary school classrooms. The course is completely laboratory-centered with no formally scheduled classes. Students can work at their own speed, choose what they will study from the sixteen units available and design their own…

Butzow, John W.; Pare, Roland R.

1973-01-01

35

Science Library of Test Items. Volume Twenty-One. A Collection of Multiple Choice Test Items Relating Mainly to Physics, 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As one in a series of test item collections developed by the Assessment and Evaluation Unit of the Directorate of Studies, items are made available to teachers for the construction of unit tests or term examinations or as a basis for class discussion. Each collection was reviewed for content validity and reliability. The test items meet syllabus…

New South Wales Dept. of Education, Sydney (Australia).

36

Relationships in Physical Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents activities in the physical sciences. Activities are grouped in the following chapters: (1) "Science and Measurement"; (2) "Measurement Units"; (3) "Introduction to Chemistry"; (4) "The Periodic Table"; (5) "What is Inside an Atom?"; (6) "Bonding"; (7) "Formulas and Equations"; (8) "The Bursting Atom"; (9) "Relationships…

Goodstein, Madeline Prager; Sitzman, Barbara Pressey

37

Physical Earth Science Is Physical Earth Science right for me?  

E-print Network

Physical Earth Science Is Physical Earth Science right for me? If you are interested in learning a Physical Earth Science degree. The skills you will gain are wide-ranging and will provide a good basis for employment in almost any sector. Are all Physical Earth Science degrees the same? Universities do not have

Harman, Neal.A.

38

Learning Physical Science (LEPS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learning Physical Science is a one-semester physical science course focusing on fundamental content themes of physical science (conservation of energy, Newton's laws and the small particle theory) in an integrated way. The course was adapted from the small enrollment guided-inquiry course Physical Science and Everyday Thinking (PSET). During LEPS "lectures" students observe demonstrations of phenomena (either performed by the instructor or shown with movies), make sense of the phenomena through guided questions, and make extensive use of personal response systems (aka clickers). Web based homework assignments focus on extending the ideas learned during class. To promote a focus on the nature of science and the nature of learning students view videos of both college students and elementary school students discussing science and participate in online discussions. There is also an optional laboratory component consisting of guided inquiries of interesting phenomena. During this workshop we will discuss the structure of the course, observe and discuss video from the first pilot implementation (during Fall 2008), and compare LEPS with PSET (large vs small enrollment versions of a similar course).

Goldberg, Fred

2009-03-20

39

Physical Science Reference Sheets  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This reference sheet, presented by the National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network provides a valuable physical science reference sheet for high school students. Definition of terms, diagrams, abbreviations, mathematical notations, the periodic table, and other useful information is provided in an easy to use format. Included in this lesson are the front and back sides of this reference sheet.

40

Science Fair Projects: Physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

I have often thought that the notion of a Science Fair is intrinsically a good one but have never set one up. With this book such an undertaking is possible, with 47 projects from which you can choose.Each project has a clearly stated purpose with an overview that contains the physics you need to get started. A hypothesis, or sometimes

Helen Reynolds

2000-01-01

41

Semantic physical science  

PubMed Central

The articles in this special issue arise from a workshop and symposium held in January 2012 (Semantic Physical Science’). We invited people who shared our vision for the potential of the web to support chemical and related subjects. Other than the initial invitations, we have not exercised any control over the content of the contributed articles. PMID:22856527

2012-01-01

42

Planetary Science Space Physics  

E-print Network

. The mission was conceived to answer scientific questions about noctilucent clouds, including whether climate; our researchers define the technology required to collect data and answer scientific questions commitment to asking and answering the most exciting questions in planetary science, space physics, solar

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

43

Faculty of Science: PHYSICS AND ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE  

E-print Network

Faculty of Science: PHYSICS AND ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE Possible Careers Chemical Physicist Information Resource Analyst www.physics.dal.ca Professional Associations Canadian Association of Physicists - www.cap.ca Society of Physics Students - www.spsnational.org American Physical Society - www

Brownstone, Rob

44

Events | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

The 2015 AAAS Annual Meeting will include exciting work at the intersection of the physical and life sciences, including two sessions organized by NCI Physical Sciences-Oncology Network (PS-ON) Program Directors.

45

Action Plan Physical Sciences and  

E-print Network

Action Plan 2010-2013 Physical Sciences and Technologies EXECUTIVE SUMMARY #12;N.B.: If you require #12;4 2010-13 Action Plan. Area 5 5Physical Sciences and Technologies 1.GENERAL INFORMATION Description of the area The Physical Sciences and Technologies Areas encompasses over 20 centres

Fitze, Patrick

46

Physical Science Curriculum Support Document  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document was developed in response to the expressed need of physical science teachers for materials designed to facilitate and enhance the teaching of the 1999 North Carolina Standard Course of Study for Physical Science. The materials provide a guide to translating the goals and objectives of the Physical Science curriculum into good…

Elliott, Carolyn C.; Brown, Tim; Harris, Jeff; Lovin, Pamela

2004-01-01

47

SCIENCE CHINA Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy  

E-print Network

SCIENCE CHINA Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy © Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin for Condensed Matter Physics and Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China. Sci China-Phys Mech Astron, 2013, 56: 207221, doi: 10.1007/s11433-012-4970-8 1 Introduction

Zhang, Guangyu

48

Application Research on the Computer Technology in Multiple Choice Questions in Sports Questionnaire Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer Technology has been widely applied to the sports research. However, with researches going on, more and more questions come into being. This paper provides an insight to the processing of multiple choice data and the specific ways of applying computer technology in the light of what is multiple choice questions. The author undergoes a few case studies so as

Fu Yu-kun

2010-01-01

49

Sample Selection Effect on AP Multiple-Choice Score to Composite Score Scaling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scores on the multiple-choice sections of alternate forms are equated through anchor-test equating for the Advanced Placement Program (AP) examinations. There is no linkage of free-response sections since different free-response items are given yearly. However, the free-response and multiple-choice sections are combined to produce a composite.…

Yang, Wen-Ling; Dorans, Neil J.; Tateneni, Krishna

50

Measures of Partial Knowledge and Unexpected Responses in Multiple-Choice Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates differences in the partial scoring performance of examinees in elimination testing and conventional dichotomous scoring of multiple-choice tests implemented on a computer-based system. Elimination testing that uses the same set of multiple-choice items rewards examinees with partial knowledge over those who are simply…

Chang, Shao-Hua; Lin, Pei-Chun; Lin, Zih-Chuan

2007-01-01

51

A Diagnostic Study of Pre-Service Teachers' Competency in Multiple-Choice Item Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Large class size is an issue in testing at all levels of Education. As a panacea to this, multiple choice test formats has become very popular. This case study was designed to diagnose pre-service teachers' competency in constructing questions (IQT); direct questions (DQT); and best answer (BAT) varieties of multiple choice items. Subjects were 88…

Asim, Alice E.; Ekuri, Emmanuel E.; Eni, Eni I.

2013-01-01

52

Multiple Choice Testing and the Retrieval Hypothesis of the Testing Effect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Taking a test often leads to enhanced later memory for the tested information, a phenomenon known as the "testing effect". This memory advantage has been reliably demonstrated with recall tests but not multiple choice tests. One potential explanation for this finding is that multiple choice tests do not rely on retrieval processes to the same…

Sensenig, Amanda E.

2010-01-01

53

Multiple Choice Examination System 1. Database Design and Implementation for General Chemistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents the main aspects and implementation of the classification system, database design and software, implementation of a multiple choice examination system for general chemistry in order to generate tests for student evaluation. The testing system was used to generate items for multiple choice examinations for first year undergraduate students in Material Engineering and Environmental Engineering from Technical University

Horea Iustin; Lorentz JÄNTSCHI

2004-01-01

54

Multiple-Choice and Short-Answer Exam Performance in a College Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors experimentally investigated the effects of multiple-choice and short-answer format exam items on exam performance in a college classroom. They randomly assigned 50 students to take a 10-item short-answer pretest or posttest on two 50-item multiple-choice exams in an introduction to personality course. Students performed significantly…

Funk, Steven C.; Dickson, K. Laurie

2011-01-01

55

Crowdsourcing for Multiple-Choice Question Answering Bahadir Ismail Aydin, Yavuz Selim Yilmaz, Yaliang Li, Qi Li, Jing Gao and Murat Demirbas  

E-print Network

Crowdsourcing for Multiple-Choice Question Answering Bahadir Ismail Aydin, Yavuz Selim Yilmaz, Yaliang Li, Qi Li, Jing Gao and Murat Demirbas Department of Computer Science and Engineering University) and the machine learn- ing (ML) communities. While search engines can answer well-formed factual queries

Demirbas, Murat

56

Faculty of Science Medical Physics  

E-print Network

Faculty of Science Medical Physics If you like physics and mathematics, but want a career in the rapidly expanding health sciences, then this honours BSc is for you. www.uwindsor.ca/physics Medical Physics opens the way to exciting new possibilities for career opportunities in the applications

57

School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences  

E-print Network

School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences Environmental Physics A physics degree information Undergraduate Admissions Secretary School of Mathematics and Physical Sciences University Sciences comprises a large group of scientific experts in many different fields of environmental physics

Wirosoetisno, Djoko

58

SCIENCE CHINA Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy  

E-print Network

SCIENCE CHINA Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy © Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China; 2 College of Water Conservancy & Civil Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China; 3 Civil & Computational Engineering Centre, School

Martin, Ralph R.

59

UFOs and Physical Sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The psycho-sociological reasons why the academic science is not willing to face operatively and officially a hard problem such as the 'UFO phenomenon', are introduced in the ambit of an episthemological discussion. It is shown how such a phenomenon, due to his peculiar nature, might impose a drastic revision of the laws of physics which are commonly accepted. It is demonstrated how a strict application of the measurement methods which are normally adopted by physics can permit to obtain relevant quantitative results, whatever they are. As an example of such a procedure, the anomalous light phenomenology which reoccurs in the Hessdalen valley in Norway is presented, by showing that it represents so far the ideal worldly physical laboratory for the study of luminous phenomena in the low atmosphere. After describing the multiform morphologic and dynamic characteristics of the luminous component of the phenomenon as they are deduced from visual and photographic reports, the results coming out from the magnetometric, radiometric and radar monitoring operations which were carried out by Project Hessdalen in 1984, are presented in detail. Subsequently, the postumous analysis carried out by the author is shown, by pointing out the clear cohexistence of the magnetic and the optical phenomenology and the apparent correlation of the magnetic component of the phenomenon with maxima of solar activity. In a subsequent phase, the most credited physical theories, which have been proposed so far in order to interpret the phenomenon, are described and discussed, together with 'non-canonical hypotheses'. Finally, it is pointed out how the physical parameters which are expected to be measured with the proper instrumented equipment and aimed tactics and strategies, resemble strictly the methodology which is normally used during astrophysical observations.

Teodorani, M.

1999-03-01

60

Writing/Using Multiple-Choice Questions to Assess Higher-Order Thinking  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Most graduate entrance exams (including the GRE, MCAT, and DAT) are based on multiple-choice questions. Many later exams, such as the medical board exams, are also multiple choice. Therefore, it is important to make sure that students are prepared for higher-order multiple choice exams and the reasoning that is required to answer the questions in a proficient manner. This free selection includes the Table of Contents, Preface, and Index. As a special bonus, Chapter 24, entitled Eleven Assessment Lessons Learned at the Gate is also included.

Kerry L. Cheesman, Capital University, Columbus, Ohio

2009-02-01

61

Measuring University students' understanding of the greenhouse effect - a comparison of multiple-choice, short answer and concept sketch assessment tools with respect to students' mental models  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The greenhouse effect comes up in most discussions about climate and is a key concept related to climate change. Existing studies have shown that students and adults alike lack a detailed understanding of this important concept or might hold misconceptions. We studied the effectiveness of different interventions on University-level students' understanding of the greenhouse effect. Introductory level science students were tested for their pre-knowledge of the greenhouse effect using validated multiple-choice questions, short answers and concept sketches. All students participated in a common lesson about the greenhouse effect and were then randomly assigned to one of two lab groups. One group explored an existing simulation about the greenhouse effect (PhET-lesson) and the other group worked with absorption spectra of different greenhouse gases (Data-lesson) to deepen the understanding of the greenhouse effect. All students completed the same assessment including multiple choice, short answers and concept sketches after participation in their lab lesson. 164 students completed all the assessments, 76 completed the PhET lesson and 77 completed the data lesson. 11 students missed the contrasting lesson. In this presentation we show the comparison between the multiple-choice questions, short answer questions and the concept sketches of students. We explore how well each of these assessment types represents student's knowledge. We also identify items that are indicators of the level of understanding of the greenhouse effect as measured in correspondence of student answers to an expert mental model and expert responses. Preliminary data analysis shows that student who produce concept sketch drawings that come close to expert drawings also choose correct multiple-choice answers. However, correct multiple-choice answers are not necessarily an indicator that a student produces an expert-like correlating concept sketch items. Multiple-choice questions that require detailed knowledge of the greenhouse effect (e.g. direction of re-emission of infrared energy from greenhouse gas) are significantly more likely to be answered correctly by students who also produce expert-like concept sketch items than by students who don't include this aspect in their sketch and don't answer the multiple choice questions correctly. This difference is not as apparent for less technical multiple-choice questions (e.g. type of radiation emitted by Sun). Our findings explore the formation of student's mental models throughout different interventions and how well the different assessment techniques used in this study represent the student understanding of the overall concept.

Gold, A. U.; Harris, S. E.

2013-12-01

62

Physical Science in Barcelona  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We provide a tour of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, following four routes through the city and one elsewhere in the city and beyond, focusing on sites of importance in physics. Route 1 covers the Old Town, its Gothic Quarter, Plaça del Rei, Plaça de Sant Jaume, and Jewish Quarter. Route 2 identifies sites on and close to La Rambla, the main promenade in the city. Route 3 goes from the medieval shipyards to the Board of Commerce to Citadel Park. Route 4 concentrates on the Extension ( Eixample) and covers the restored University, the Industrial University, and the new campus of the University of Barcelona. Elsewhere in the city and beyond are the Fabra Observatory; the Plaça de les Glòries with its large steel sculpture depicting the meridian arc from Dunkirk to Barcelona; Montjuïc, the site of the National Art Museum of Catalonia; and the National Museum of Science and Technology in Terrassa.

Roca-Rosell, Antoni; Roqué, Xavier

2013-12-01

63

Department of Physics Life Sciences Building  

E-print Network

Physics Department of Physics Life Sciences Building 3101 S. Dearborn St. Chicago, IL 60616 312.567.3480 www.science.iit.edu/physics Chair: Grant Bunker The Department of Physics offers B.S., M.S., and Ph of Health Physics Master of Science in Physics Master of Science in Applied Physics Doctor of Philosophy

Heller, Barbara

64

Multiple Choice Versus True-False: A Comparison of Reliabilities and Concurrent Validities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to gather empirical evidence to compare the reliabilities and concurrent validities of multiple choice and true-false tests that were written to measure understandings and relationships in the same content areas. (Author)

Frisbee, David A.

1973-01-01

65

Gender Differences in Mathematics Self-Efficacy and Back Substitution in Multiple-Choice Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

A quantitative observational study exploring the relationship of gender to mathematics self-efficacy and the frequency of back substitution in multiple-choice assessment sampled undergraduates at a western United States parochial uni- versity. Research questions addressed: to what extent are there gender differences in mathematics self-efficacy, as demonstrated on multiple-choice test items; and to what extent are there gender differences in the

K. Shane Goodwin; Lee Ostrom; Karen Wilson Scott

66

Test of understanding of vectors: A reliable multiple-choice vector concept test  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this article we discuss the findings of our research on students' understanding of vector concepts in problems without physical context. First, we develop a complete taxonomy of the most frequent errors made by university students when learning vector concepts. This study is based on the results of several test administrations of open-ended problems in which a total of 2067 students participated. Using this taxonomy, we then designed a 20-item multiple-choice test [Test of understanding of vectors (TUV)] and administered it in English to 423 students who were completing the required sequence of introductory physics courses at a large private Mexican university. We evaluated the test's content validity, reliability, and discriminatory power. The results indicate that the TUV is a reliable assessment tool. We also conducted a detailed analysis of the students' understanding of the vector concepts evaluated in the test. The TUV is included in the Supplemental Material as a resource for other researchers studying vector learning, as well as instructors teaching the material.

Barniol, Pablo; Zavala, Genaro

2014-06-01

67

Physics transforming the life sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Biological physics is clearly becoming one of the leading sciences of the 21st century. This field involves the cross-fertilization of ideas and methods from biology and biochemistry on the one hand and the physics of complex and far from equilibrium systems on the other. Here I want to discuss how biological physics is a new area of physics and not simply applications of known physics to biological problems. I will focus in particular on the new advances in theoretical physics that are already flourishing today. They will become central pieces in the creation of this new frontier of science.

Onuchic, José N.

2014-10-01

68

Physics transforming the life sciences.  

PubMed

Biological physics is clearly becoming one of the leading sciences of the 21st century. This field involves the cross-fertilization of ideas and methods from biology and biochemistry on the one hand and the physics of complex and far from equilibrium systems on the other. Here I want to discuss how biological physics is a new area of physics and not simply applications of known physics to biological problems. I will focus in particular on the new advances in theoretical physics that are already flourishing today. They will become central pieces in the creation of this new frontier of science. PMID:25293472

Onuchic, José N

2014-10-01

69

Powerful Ideas in Physical Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Powerful Ideas in Physical Science (PIPS) is a preservice curriculum that provides modules for physical science courses designed for elementary education majors. Because the courses are built on the learning cycle approach, students develop concepts from activities and then apply this conceptual knowledge. A summative evaluation done by Horizon Research, Inc. looked at the implementation and institutionalization of PIPS.

Layman, John W.; Ukens, Leon; Johnson, Patsy A.; Hein, Warren W.

2004-07-01

70

Reports | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Contributions from outside the field of cancer biology are the cornerstone of the Physical Sciences in Oncology initiative. In order to gather ideas and suggestions from the research community about the latest science and new opportunities, the NCI organizes Workshops and Think Tanks that bring together thought leaders from the fields of cancer biology, physics, chemistry, mathematics, modeling, engineering, and nanotechnology.

71

APPLIED PHYSICS HONORS College of Science Physics -BS  

E-print Network

Literacy Oral Communication Science Selective Quantitative Reasoning Science SelectiveAPPLIED PHYSICS HONORS College of Science Physics - BS APHO 120 Credits for graduation Credits 17200 ( also satisfies Science Selective for core and CoS teambuilding experience requirement) (4) PHYS

Kihara, Daisuke

72

A participatory learning approach to biochemistry using student authored and evaluated multiple-choice questions.  

PubMed

A participatory learning approach, combined with both a traditional and a competitive assessment, was used to motivate students and promote a deep approach to learning biochemistry. Students were challenged to research, author, and explain their own multiple-choice questions (MCQs). They were also required to answer, evaluate, and discuss MCQs written by their peers. The technology used to support this activity was PeerWise--a freely available, innovative web-based system that supports students in the creation of an annotated question repository. In this case study, we describe students' contributions to, and perceptions of, the PeerWise system for a cohort of 107 second-year biomedical science students from three degree streams studying a core biochemistry subject. Our study suggests that the students are eager participants and produce a large repository of relevant, good quality MCQs. In addition, they rate the PeerWise system highly and use higher order thinking skills while taking an active role in their learning. We also discuss potential issues and future work using PeerWise for biomedical students. PMID:21948507

Bottomley, Steven; Denny, Paul

2011-01-01

73

Force Concept Inventory-based multiple-choice test for investigating students' representational consistency  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This study investigates studentsâ ability to interpret multiple representations consistently (i.e., representational consistency) in the context of the force concept. For this purpose we developed the Representational Variant of the Force Concept Inventory (R-FCI), which makes use of nine items from the 1995 version of the Force Concept Inventory (FCI). These original FCI items were redesigned using various representations (such as motion map, vectorial and graphical), yielding 27 multiple-choice items concerning four central concepts underpinning the force concept: Newtonâs first, second, and third laws, and gravitation. We provide some evidence for the validity and reliability of the R-FCI; this analysis is limited to the student population of one Finnish high school. The students took the R-FCI at the beginning and at the end of their first high school physics course. We found that studentsâ (n=168) representational consistency (whether scientifically correct or not) varied considerably depending on the concept. On average, representational consistency and scientifically correct understanding increased during the instruction, although in the post-test only a few students performed consistently both in terms of representations and scientifically correct understanding. We also compared studentsâ (n=87) results of the R-FCI and the FCI, and found that they correlated quite well. Please note the published erratum when examining this article.

Nieminen, Pasi; Savinainen, Antti; Viiri, Jouni

2012-01-20

74

PSIgate: Physical Science Information Gateway  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

PSIgate is a free service that offers access to high quality Web resources in the physical sciences. There are currently 9271 resources in astronomy, chemistry, earth sciences, materials sciences, physics, and science history and policy available. Each resource in the main PSIgate Catalogue has been selected by information professionals and subject specialists (mainly PSIgate staff and research postgraduates) to ensure relevance and quality. A full description of each resource is provided, together with a range of other information and direct access to the resource itself.

75

Engineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngin  

E-print Network

09 Engineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngineering and Physical Sciences Research

Hensinger, Winfried

76

The Physical Sciences and Mathematics  

Microsoft Academic Search

University faculty in the physical sciences and mathematics— the quantitative sciences—must generate their own research funds, often including funds to support their graduate students. The major funding source is the federal government, through its various funding agencies; the competition for research funds is intense. As a result, an agency's funding criteria, which depend on the agency's mission, can greatly influence

Edward Gerjuoy; Elizabeth Urey Baranger

1989-01-01

77

BachelorofScience/BachelorofEducation Physics/ScienceEducation  

E-print Network

___ 5. Physics 2130 - Waves, Optics and Sound ___ 6. Physics 2150 - Quantum Mechanics I ___ 7. PhysicsBachelorofScience/BachelorofEducation Physics/ScienceEducation This is a planning guide and Science or Faculty of Education for advising information. Program Planning Guide Major in Physics: www.uleth.ca/artsci/physics

Seldin, Jonathan P.

78

Simple model for multiple-choice collective decision making.  

PubMed

We describe a simple model of heterogeneous, interacting agents making decisions between n?2 discrete choices. For a special class of interactions, our model is the mean field description of random field Potts-like models and is effectively solved by finding the extrema of the average energy E per agent. In these cases, by studying the propagation of decision changes via avalanches, we argue that macroscopic dynamics is well captured by a gradient flow along E. We focus on the permutation symmetric case, where all n choices are (on average) the same, and spontaneous symmetry breaking (SSB) arises purely from cooperative social interactions. As examples, we show that bimodal heterogeneity naturally provides a mechanism for the spontaneous formation of hierarchies between decisions and that SSB is a preferred instability to discontinuous phase transitions between two symmetric points. Beyond the mean field limit, exponentially many stable equilibria emerge when we place this model on a graph of finite mean degree. We conclude with speculation on decision making with persistent collective oscillations. Throughout the paper, we emphasize analogies between methods of solution to our model and common intuition from diverse areas of physics, including statistical physics and electromagnetism. PMID:25493831

Lee, Ching Hua; Lucas, Andrew

2014-11-01

79

Inference for the physical sciences  

PubMed Central

There is a disconnect between developments in modern data analysis and some parts of the physical sciences in which they could find ready use. This introduction, and this issue, provides resources to help experimental researchers access modern data analysis tools and exposure for analysts to extant challenges in physical science. We include a table of resources connecting statistical and physical disciplines and point to appropriate books, journals, videos and articles. We conclude by highlighting the relevance of each of the articles in the associated issue. PMID:23277613

Jones, Nick S.; Maccarone, Thomas J.

2013-01-01

80

Physical Sciences in Lisbon  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We provide a two-day tour of Lisbon, Portugal, focusing on sites of scientific and technological importance, setting them within their historical contexts. On the first day we visit the Academy of Sciences of Lisbon, the building that successively housed the College of Nobles, the Polytechnic School, and the University of Lisbon Faculty of Sciences, and then go on to the Arpad Szenes-Vieira da Silva Museum and the Astronomical Observatory of Lisbon. On the second day we visit the Industrial Institute and Museum, the Geographical Society of Lisbon, the Jesuit College of Santo Antão, and the Technical Institute.

Simões, Ana; Diogo, Maria Paula; Carneiro, Ana

2012-09-01

81

Automated Multiple-Choice Testing for Summative Assessment: What Do Students Think?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports undergraduate student feedback contrasting conventional "Long-answer" examinations with automated multiple-choice question (MCQ) assessment. Feedback was gathered after students had undertaken formative MCQ assessments as a revision aid. Feedback was generally supportive of MCQ summative tests, with 74% expressing a preference…

Bridge, Pete; Appleyard, Rob; Wilson, Rob

2007-01-01

82

Assertion-Reason Multiple-Choice Testing as a Tool for Deep Learning: A Qualitative Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reflects on the ongoing debate surrounding the usefulness (or otherwise) of multiple-choice questions (MCQ) as an assessment instrument. The context is a graduate school of business in Australia where an experiment was conducted to investigate the use of assertion-reason questions (ARQ), a sophisticated form of MCQ that aims to…

Williams, Jeremy B.

2006-01-01

83

Comparison of Oral Examination and Electronic Examination Using Paired Multiple-Choice Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present research was to compare the use of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) as an examination method against the oral examination (OE) method. MCQs are widely used and their importance seems likely to grow, due to their inherent suitability for electronic assessment. However, MCQs are influenced by the tendency of examinees to guess…

Ventouras, Errikos; Triantis, Dimos; Tsiakas, Panagiotis; Stergiopoulos, Charalampos

2011-01-01

84

Comparison of oral examination and electronic examination using paired multiple-choice questions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present research was to compare the use of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) as an examination method against the oral examination (OE) method. MCQs are widely used and their importance seems likely to grow, due to their inherent suitability for electronic assessment. However, MCQs are influenced by the tendency of examinees to guess answers, warranting research concerning scoring

Errikos Ventouras; Dimos Triantis; Panagiotis Tsiakas; Charalampos Stergiopoulos

2011-01-01

85

E-Assessment by Design: Using Multiple-Choice Tests to Good Effect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last decade, larger student numbers, reduced resources and increasing use of new technologies have led to the increased use of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) as a method of assessment in higher education courses. This paper identifies some limitations associated with MCQs from a pedagogical standpoint. It then provides an assessment…

Nicol, David

2007-01-01

86

Finding Relationships between Multiple-Choice Math Tests and Their Stem-Equivalent Constructed Responses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study takes a close look at relationships between scores on a Mathematics standardized test in two different testing formats--Multiple-Choice (MC) and Constructed Response (CR). Many studies have been dedicated to finding correlations between item format characteristics with regards to race and gender. Few studies, however, have attempted to…

Chaoui, Nayla Aad

2011-01-01

87

Grading Multiple Choice Exams with Low-Cost and Portable Computer-Vision Techniques  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although technology for automatic grading of multiple choice exams has existed for several decades, it is not yet as widely available or affordable as it should be. The main reasons preventing this adoption are the cost and the complexity of the setup procedures. In this paper, "Eyegrade," a system for automatic grading of multiple…

Fisteus, Jesus Arias; Pardo, Abelardo; García, Norberto Fernández

2013-01-01

88

A Better Benchmark Assessment: Multiple-Choice versus Project-Based  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this literature review and Ex Post Facto descriptive study was to determine which type of benchmark assessment, multiple-choice or project-based, provides the best indication of general success on the history portion of the CST (California Standards Tests). The result of the study indicates that although the project-based benchmark…

Peariso, Jamon F.

2006-01-01

89

A Comparison of Parametric and Nonparametric Approaches to Item Analysis for Multiple-Choice Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compares the parametric multiple-choice model and the nonparametric kernel smoothing approach to estimating option characteristic functions (OCCs) using an empirical criterion, the stability of curve estimates over occasions that represents random error. The potential utility of graphical OCCs in item analysis was illustrated with…

Lei, Pui-Wa; Dunbar, Stephen B.; Kolen, Michael J.

2004-01-01

90

A Method for Imputing Response Options for Missing Data on Multiple-Choice Assessments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When missing values are present in item response data, there are a number of ways one might impute a correct or incorrect response to a multiple-choice item. There are significantly fewer methods for imputing the actual response option an examinee may have provided if he or she had not omitted the item either purposely or accidentally. This…

Wolkowitz, Amanda A.; Skorupski, William P.

2013-01-01

91

Gender Differences in Mathematics Self-Efficacy and Back Substitution in Multiple-Choice Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A quantitative observational study exploring the relationship of gender to mathematics self-efficacy and the frequency of back substitution in multiple-choice assessment sampled undergraduates at a western United States parochial university. Research questions addressed: to what extent are there gender differences in mathematics self-efficacy, as…

Goodwin, K. Shane; Ostrom, Lee; Scott, Karen Wilson

2009-01-01

92

Gender Differences in Performance on Multiple-Choice and Constructed Response Mathematics Items.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gender differences in performance on multiple-choice and constructed-response items in mathematics were studied with 3592 11th graders taking a high school graduation examination. Results suggest that gender differences in mathematics may be linked to content and item format, thus supporting the usefulness of a many-faceted Rasch model for…

Garner, Mary; Engelhard, George, Jr.

1999-01-01

93

Multiple Choice Questions Can Be Designed or Revised to Challenge Learners' Critical Thinking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiple choice (MC) questions from a graduate physiology course were evaluated by cognitive-psychology (but not physiology) experts, and analyzed statistically, in order to test the independence of content expertise and cognitive complexity ratings of MC items. Integration of higher order thinking into MC exams is important, but widely known to…

Tractenberg, Rochelle E.; Gushta, Matthew M.; Mulroney, Susan E.; Weissinger, Peggy A.

2013-01-01

94

The "None of the Above" Option in Multiple-Choice Testing: An Experimental Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors assessed the effects of using "none of the above" as an option in a 40-item, general-knowledge multiple-choice test administered to undergraduate students. Examinees who selected "none of the above" were given an incentive to write the correct answer to the question posed. Using "none of the above" as the…

DiBattista, David; Sinnige-Egger, Jo-Anne; Fortuna, Glenda

2014-01-01

95

Pick-N Multiple Choice-Exams: A Comparison of Scoring Algorithms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To compare different scoring algorithms for Pick-N multiple correct answer multiple-choice (MC) exams regarding test reliability, student performance, total item discrimination and item difficulty. Data from six 3rd year medical students' end of term exams in internal medicine from 2005 to 2008 at Munich University were analysed (1,255 students,…

Bauer, Daniel; Holzer, Matthias; Kopp, Veronika; Fischer, Martin R.

2011-01-01

96

Not Read, but Nevertheless Solved? Three Experiments on PIRLS Multiple Choice Reading Comprehension Test Items  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiple-choice (MC) reading comprehension test items comprise three components: text passage, questions about the text, and MC answers. The construct validity of this format has been repeatedly criticized. In three between-subjects experiments, fourth graders (N[subscript 1] = 230, N[subscript 2] = 340, N[subscript 3] = 194) worked on three…

Sparfeldt, Jorn R.; Kimmel, Rumena; Lowenkamp, Lena; Steingraber, Antje; Rost, Detlef H.

2012-01-01

97

Further Issues in Effect Size Estimation for One-Sample Multiple-Choice-Type Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses models underlying the use of 1-sample effect size indicators that permit the comparison of effect sizes obtained from different multiple-choice studies by indexing all studies to the results that would have been obtained if there had been only 2 choices. The effect size indicator, the proportion index, (II), is based on a model implying that the probability

Robert Rosenthal; Donald B. Rubin

1991-01-01

98

Analysis of Student Performance on Multiple-Choice Questions in General Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The percentage of students choosing the correct answer (PSCA) on 17 multiple-choice algorithmic questions taken from general chemistry exams is analyzed. PSCAs for these questions varied from 47 to 93%, and a decrease of 4.5% in PSCA was observed with each additional step in the algorithm required for solving the problem (R[superscript 2] = 0.80).…

Hartman, JudithAnn R.; Lin, Shirley

2011-01-01

99

A Self-Correcting Approach to Multiple-Choice Exams Improves Students' Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Montepare suggested the use of a self-correcting approach to multiple-choice tests: Students first take the exam as usual, but are allowed to hand in a self-corrected version afterwards. The idea of this approach is that the additional interaction with the material may foster further learning. To examine whether such an approach actually improves…

Grühn, Daniel; Cheng, Yanhua

2014-01-01

100

Benefiting from Multiple-Choice Exams: The Positive Impact of Answer Switching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The extent and benefit of answer switching when completing multiple-choice exams was investigated in an undergraduate course (n = 1,152) and a postgraduate course (n = 1,624). Answer switching was identified in 1.7% and 2.4% of cases, respectively. In both samples, more than half the participants changed at least one answer and, of these,…

Milia, Lee Di

2007-01-01

101

A best first search exact algorithm for the Multiple-choice Multidimensional Knapsack Problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose an optimal algorithm for the Multiple-choice Multidimensional Knapsack Problem MMKP. The main principle of the approach is twofold: (i) to generate an initial feasible solution as a starting lower bound, and (ii) at different levels of the search tree to determine an intermediate upper bound obtained by solving an auxiliary problem called MMKPaux and perform

Abdelkader Sbihi

2007-01-01

102

Comparing Assessments of Students' Knowledge by Computerized Open-Ended and Multiple-Choice Tests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interactive computerized tests accepting unrestricted natural-language input were used to assess knowledge of clinical biophysics at the State University of New York at Buffalo. Comparison of responses to open-ended sequential questions and multiple-choice questions on the same material found the two formats test different aspects of competence.…

Anbar, Michael

1991-01-01

103

Using the Distractor Categories of Multiple-Choice Items to Improve IRT Linking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Simulation and real data studies are used to investigate the value of modeling multiple-choice distractors on item response theory linking. Using the characteristic curve linking procedure for Bock's (1972) nominal response model presented by Kim and Hanson (2002), all-category linking (i.e., a linking based on all category characteristic curves…

Kim, Jee-Seon

2006-01-01

104

A Latent-Change Scaling Model for Longitudinal Multiple Choice Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A latent-change scaling model for the analysis of repeated-measures multiple-choice data is presented. The model extends previous work by combining latent class analysis and low dimensional scaling techniques in a longitudinal framework where subjects may change their preferences for the response categories over time. The latent structural…

Kim, Jee-Seon

2005-01-01

105

Physical Science in Oslo  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I provide a tour of Oslo, Norway, concentrating on the city center and the suburbs of Blindern and Tøyen. I focus on the buildings used by the University of Oslo from its foundation in 1811 and on the physical scientists who worked in them. I also point out the cemeteries where some of them are buried.

Pedersen, Bjørn

2011-06-01

106

Can Peer Instruction Be Effective in Upper-Division Computer Science Courses?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer Instruction (PI) is an active learning pedagogical technique. PI lectures present students with a series of multiple-choice questions, which they respond to both individually and in groups. PI has been widely successful in the physical sciences and, recently, has been successfully adopted by computer science instructors in lower-division,…

Bailey Lee, Cynthia; Garcia, Saturnino; Porter, Leo

2013-01-01

107

Physical Science in Bologna  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We provide a guide to Bologna, Italy, focusing particularly on sites of interest to physicists. Our first tour is in the city center; it begins in the Piazza Maggiore at the Palazzo d'Accursio, the Basilica di San Petronio, and the Archiginnasio (Old University) and then proceeds to the Two Towers and the Palazzo Poggi, which houses the Astronomical Observatory Museum and other important instrument and art collections; it concludes at the Physics Museum, Department of Physics and Astronomy. Our second tour again begins in the Piazza Maggiore but goes to sites beyond the city center where famous Bolognese physicists and other scientists were born, lived, and are buried. Finally, we point out important museums and other institutions on the outskirts of Bologna.

Dragoni, Giorgio; Stojanovic, Ivana

2013-03-01

108

About | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) is exploring new and innovative scientific approaches to better understand and control cancer. The Division of Cancer Biology’s Physical Sciences in Oncology Initiative seeks to establish research projects that bring together cancer biologists and oncologists with scientists from the fields of physics, mathematics, chemistry, and engineering to address some of the major questions and barriers in cancer research.

109

College of Science Department of Physics  

E-print Network

College of Science Department of Physics Bachelor of Arts Major: PHYSICS For students graduating credit hours) 3D 3D Area 3 - Society and Human Behavior (6 credit hours) HIST 3705 History of Science 30 HIST 3706 History of Science or STS 3705 History of Science 30 or STS 3706 History of Science Area 4

Virginia Tech

110

Centers | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Johns Hopkins University Johns Hopkins University Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (JHU PS-OC) will explore the mechanical forces in cancer that bolster the tumor metastatic cascade. Metastatic disease is the cause for the preponderance of deaths related to cancer. In fact, relative survival significantly decreases for cancer patients who present with metastases at the time of their diagnosis.

111

The Relationships of Attitudes toward Multiple-Choice Tests and Convergent Production, Divergent Production, and Risk-Taking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present research investigated the claim that certain intellectual characteristics predict attitudes toward multiple-choice tests, particularly the claim that creative persons hold negative attitudes toward these tests. The study examined the relationships between attitudes toward multiple-choice tests and convergent production, divergent…

Horber, Dorothy T.; Geisinger, Kurt F.

112

Meta-Evaluation in Clinical Anatomy: A Practical Application of Item Response Theory in Multiple Choice Examinations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nature of anatomy education has changed substantially in recent decades, though the traditional multiple-choice written examination remains the cornerstone of assessing students' knowledge. This study sought to measure the quality of a clinical anatomy multiple-choice final examination using item response theory (IRT) models. One hundred…

Severo, Milton; Tavares, Maria A. Ferreira

2010-01-01

113

The Effects of Clinically Relevant Multiple-Choice Items on the Statistical Discrimination of Physician Clinical Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To test the effect of clinically relevant multiple-choice item content on the validity of statistical discriminations of physicians' clinical competence, data were collected from a field test of the Emergency Medicine Examination, test items for the certification of specialists in emergency medicine. Two 91-item multiple-choice subscales were…

Downing, Steven M.; Maatsch, Jack L.

114

Meta-Evaluation in Clinical Anatomy: A Practical Application of Item Response Theory in Multiple Choice Examinations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes a study measuring the quality of a clinical anatomy multiple-choice final examination using item response theory (IRT) models. The purpose for this study was to evaluate how well a traditional multiple choice exam from an older curriculum discriminated undergraduate medical students taking an updated clinical based anatomy course. Outcomes are discussed.

Milton Severo (University of Porto Medical Education)

2009-11-18

115

Application of Item Analysis to Assess Multiple-Choice Examinations in the Mississippi Master Cattle Producer Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Item analysis can serve as a useful tool in improving multiple-choice questions used in Extension programming. It can identify gaps between instruction and assessment. An item analysis of Mississippi Master Cattle Producer program multiple-choice examination responses was performed to determine the difficulty of individual examinations, assess the…

Parish, Jane A.; Karisch, Brandi B.

2013-01-01

116

End-of-Grade Multiple-Choice Test Results, 2001-2002. Measuring Up. E&R Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) students in grades 3 through 8 took the North Carolina End-of-Grade (EOG) multiple-choice tests during the months of May and June of 2002. These tests are the basis of the accountability program referred to as ABCs, Accountability, Basics, and Control. WCPSS EOG multiple-choice results for 2001-2002 show…

Dulaney, Chuck; Regan, Roger

117

Sex Differences in the Relationship of Advanced Placement Essay and Multiple-Choice Scores to Grades in College Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Essay and multiple-choice scores from Advanced Placement (AP) examinations in American History, European History, English Language and Composition, and Biology were matched with freshman grades in a sample of 32 colleges. Multiple-choice scores from the American History and Biology examinations were superior to essays for predicting overall grade…

Bridgeman, Brent; Lewis, Charles

118

Physical aspects of medical science.  

PubMed

Physical aspects of medical science involve making physical models, physical approaches, and measurements by physical instruments. Among these, the physical approach is the most important for an exact elucidation of the physiological function of living materials. What is a physical approach? In the first step, the molecular mechanism of visual transduction will be demonstrated by considering the physical characteristics of diffusion of second messengers. In the next step, I will consider how frequency modulation-type impulse signaling is converted from amplitude modulation-type electric signaling. In the last section, I will discuss how impulse signaling (i.e., the train of action potentials) is processed by the neural network in the brain and eventually is recognized in the frontal cortex using near infrared spectroscopy. In order to obtain such a physical model of vision, many physical concepts are used, such as light reflex, energy transduction, diffusion of molecules, threshold, the Coulomb interaction, light absorption, and cluster analysis. Among them, the Coulomb interaction, light absorption, and diffusion of molecules are three essential keywords for the physical process. PMID:22301010

Yoshioka, Tohru

2012-02-01

119

Student Science Training Program in Mathematics, Physics and Computer Science  

E-print Network

During the summer of 1976, the Massachussetts Institute of Technology Artificial Intelligence Laboratory sponsored a Student Science Training Program in Mathematics, Physics and Computer Science for high ability ...

Abelson, Harold

1976-09-01

120

Physics and College of Arts and Sciences  

E-print Network

Physics and Astronomy College of Arts and Sciences Degree Options Bachelor of Science in Physics and Astronomy Specialization Tracks Available: Astrophysics Standard Physics Minors Astronomy Physics Program for the public to attend. · Each year, usually during Dad's Weekend, the Physics and Astronomy Club hosts

Collins, Gary S.

121

A practical discussion to avoid common pitfalls when constructing multiple choice questions items.  

PubMed

This paper is an attempt to produce a guide for improving the quality of Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) used in undergraduate and postgraduate assessment. Multiple Choice Questions type is the most frequently used type of assessment worldwide. Well constructed, context rich MCQs have a high reliability per hour of testing. Avoidance of technical items flaws is essential to improve the validity evidence of MCQs. Technical item flaws are essentially of two types (i) related to testwiseness, (ii) related to irrelevant difficulty. A list of such flaws is presented together with discussion of each flaw and examples to facilitate learning of this paper and to make it learner friendly. This paper was designed to be interactive with self-assessment exercises followed by the key answer with explanations. PMID:21359033

Al-Faris, Eiad A; Alorainy, Ibrahim A; Abdel-Hameed, Ahmad A; Al-Rukban, Mohammed O

2010-05-01

122

2013 Events | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

This joint conference organized by the American Association of Physicists in Medicine and the Physical Sciences-Oncology Center will explore novel areas of interaction between physical and medical sciences and work towards a roadmap for future collaborative efforts.

123

Can Item Format (Multiple Choice vs. Open-Ended) Account for Gender Differences in Mathematics Achievement?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate differential performance of boys and girls on open-ended (OE) and multiple-choice (MC) items on the 1988 and 1991 International Assessment of Educational Progress (IAEP) mathematics test. In the 1988 mathematics assessment, a representative sample of approximately 1,000 13-year-olds in each of the six participating countries was assessed. In the 1991 mathematics assessment,

Michal Beller; Naomi Gafni

2000-01-01

124

On the Construct Validity of Multiple Choice Items for Reading Comprehension  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study 590 third-grade students took one of four reading comprehension tests with either multiple- choice items or open-ended items. Each also took 32 tests indicating 16 semantic Structure-of-Intellect (si) abilities. Four conditions or groups were distinguished on the basis of the reading comprehension tests. The four 33 x 33 correlation matrices were analyzed si multaneously with a four-group

Huub van den Bergh

1990-01-01

125

An Exact Algorithm for the Multiple-Choice Multidimensional Knapsack Based on the Core  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose a branch and bound algorithm to solve the multiple-choice multidimensional knapsack problem. The\\u000a branch and bound tree is arranged based on the orderings in the core and navigated in a depth first manner, which while consuming\\u000a low memory effectively causes the core to be expanded by need. We use Osorio’s mixed constraint and the linear

Mohammad Reza Razzazi; Taha Ghasemi

126

2012 Events | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Final report on the Assessment of Physical Sciences and Engineering Advances in Life Sciences and Oncology (APHELION) study The NCI OPSO and the NSF gathered an expert panel consisting of prominent scientists to conduct an international Assessment of PHysical sciences and Engineering advances in LIfe sciences and ONcology (APHELION). The findings of the APHELION study provide a comprehensive, peer-reviewed set of evaluations of physical sciences-oncology research overseas in comparison to research being conducted in the United States.

127

Multiple-choice Assessment for Upper-division Electricity and Magnetism  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Colorado Upper-division Electrostatics (CUE) diagnostic was designed as an open-ended assessment in order to capture elements of student reasoning in upper-division electrostatics. The diagnostic has been given for many semesters at several universities resulting in an extensive database of CUE responses. To increase the utility and scalability of the assessment, we used this database along with research on studentsâ difficulties to create a multiple-choice version. The new version explores the viability of a novel test format where students select multiple responses and can receive partial credit based on the accuracy and consistency of their selections. This format was selected with the goal of preserving insights afforded by the open-ended format while exploiting the logistical advantages of a multiple-choice assessment. Here, we present examples of the questions and scoring of the multiple-choice CUE as well as initial analysis of the testâs validity, item difficulty, discrimination, and overall consistency with the open-ended version.

Wilcox, Bethany R.; Pollock, Steven J.

2014-01-31

128

BOOK REVIEW: Key Science Physics: New Edition and Key Science Physics for International Schools: Extension File  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When handling , I recalled how one set of sixth-form students that I taught affectionately referred to Jim Breithaupt's large format book Understanding Physics for Advanced Level as `Big Jim'. This package, for GCSE students and teachers, is its younger brother. Key Science Physics was reviewed in this journal over four years ago. Now it is in a new edition with an expanded ring file of teacher resources (a Teacher's Guide and Extension File). It has been expanded for a wider range of students to meet the requirements of all GCSE syllabuses with additional topics for IGCSE and IB. The international bit seems to be among materials in the file of resources and does not appear in the title of the students' textbook. This is not one of those purchases that will only get occasional use and be left in a department library but it is one that contains sufficient excellent material to become central to any GCSE Physics course. For the students there is a single-volume 396-page textbook in full colour (not a heavyweight book). Marginal comments point out places where an Activity or Assignment from the Extension File fits in. All the materials in the teacher's Extension File are cross referenced to the numbering of this textbook, i.e. its Themes, Topics, Checkpoints, Tests etc, not to page numbers. The margin is used in other attractive ways to highlight a summary, propose a first thought or provide a topic summary. The text is fruitful mix of pure physics, applications and personalities. To support the students' practical work the Extension File contains photocopiable sheets. For the activities and assignments a few contain a harder version to give access to the higher levels of attainment. Four alternatives to practical questions are given; there are also exam questions and multiple choice questions for each topic. These all have helpful mark schemes on the teacher's answers pages. What else do you get? A Glossary collection of sheets to photocopy with space to enter a definition in a second language. Versions of many key diagrams in the student book are enlarged and reworked in clear black and white to make OHP transparencies. There is a mention of these also being in colour on a CD-ROM. The organization of the Extension File is as clear as is reasonably possible. As a user, I would add coloured page dividers to mark the sections within it. The Teacher's Guide is admirable in its restraint - just 26 sides of topic notes - which includes the answers to the non-numerical checkpoint questions missing in the student book. It is not wordy or full of educational theory but succinct and relevant to the day-to-day business of learning with these materials. Reading it, I was aware of the snags that a novice teacher might be glad to know but were missing. As always, materials like these should come with a health warning - try out all homework sheets, instructions for activities and assignments before your students!

Maybank, Maureen

1999-09-01

129

Edgy Science II: From NSF Physics Frontier  

E-print Network

Edgy Science II: From NSF Physics Frontier Centers NSTA `09 New Orleans, LA http://kicp.uchicago.edu/nsta09 From brains to the Big Bang, take a crash course in forefront science with the NSF Physics course in forefront science with the NSF Physics Frontier Centers including hands-on activities

Collar, Juan I.

130

Physical Sciences Division Robert Fefferman, Dean  

E-print Network

Physical Sciences Division Robert Fefferman, Dean Michael J. Foote, Associate Dean Richard Hefley, Dean of Students Division of the Physical Sciences 5747 Ellis Ave. University of Chicago Chicago, IL 60637 Tel: (773) 702-8789 E-mail: individual departments http://physical- sciences.uchicago.edu/ Click

He, Chuan

131

College of Science Department of Physics  

E-print Network

College of Science Department of Physics Bachelor of Science Major: PHYSICS . For students) Physics majors will satisfy this requirement by taking MATH 120511205Hand 120611206H(see section IV). Area 6 - Creativity and Aesthetic Experience (3 credit hours: College of Science requirement) 3D Area 7

Virginia Tech

132

Physics With Health Science Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An accessible, algebra-based text covering the introductory physics necessary for applied health and nursing. Presentation integrates health science applications throughout. Excellent illustrations support the exposition. Chapters contain over 100 worked examples, over 450 review questions, and more than 550 end-of-chapter problems graded according to difficulty. Offers discussion of the latest applications such as ionizing radiation and radiation doses, nuclear imaging techniques, CT scanners, ultrasound techniques, artificial hearts, and laser surgery.

Urone, Paul Peter

1985-09-01

133

The Development and Analysis of a Grade Eight Physical Science Test.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 46-question multiple choice test deals with the physical and chemical properties of matter, wave motion and types of energy, simple machines, equipment safety and measurement. The test is meant for administration to grade 8 students before and after instruction. Item analysis of the pre- post data are included, as are reliability estimates…

Singh, Balwant; And Others

134

78 FR 17234 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical Sciences and Physical Sciences #66; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...for Mathematical Sciences and Physical Sciences 66; Notice of Meeting In...for Mathematical Sciences and Physical Sciences ( 66). Dates/Time: April...Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences, National Science...

2013-03-20

135

faculty of engineering and physical sciences School of Physics and Astronomy  

E-print Network

faculty of engineering and physical sciences School of Physics and Astronomy Postgraduate Project.........................................................................................................................3 Biological Physics........................................................................................................................................... 8 Condensed Matter Physics

136

Physical Sciences MONTANA STATE UNIVERSITYBOZEMAN MOUNTAINS & MINDS  

E-print Network

Physical Sciences MONTANA STATE UNIVERSITYBOZEMAN MOUNTAINS & MINDS Chemistry The Department is in surficial geology/physical geography, along with a traditional strength in snow science. The Mountain of industrial and agricultural chemicals, fundamental work in materials science, and the biochemistry portion

Dyer, Bill

137

Guidelines for identifying and revising culturally biased multiple-choice nursing examination items.  

PubMed

To increase the diversity of the RN workforce, programs of nursing need to recruit, retain, and graduate a multicultural student body. One reason attributed to high attrition rates for minority students is bias in nursing examinations. Ensuring that nursing assessments are valid and reliable measures of student learning will improve outcomes for diverse students. The author explores the issue of bias in multiple-choice nursing examinations. Bias is defined, and its prevalence in nursing examinations is discussed. Guidelines are provided to assist evaluating and revising test items that are fair for students of all cultural groups. PMID:22024683

Hicks, Nikole Anderson

2011-01-01

138

DEPT OF PHYSICS AND MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS AND MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING  

E-print Network

DEPT OF PHYSICS AND MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS AND MATERIALS program in Physics and Materials Science and Engineering are eligible to receive competitive fellowships in Physics with M.Eng. in Materials Science and Engineering Overview of Program The program allows up to 21

Huang, Haiying

139

Physics Department College of Science and Management  

E-print Network

FAPH05-11 Physics Department College of Science and Management Instructor 1 (Full-time Eight Month with a core campus in Prince George and regional campuses throughout northern BC. The Physics Department currently offers a Physics BSc degree, joint degrees with Mathematics, Computer Science and Chemistry

Northern British Columbia, University of

140

The Next Generation Science Standards: A Focus on Physical Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes ways to adapt U.S. science curriculum to the U.S. National Research Council (NRC) "Framework for K-12 Science Education" and "Next Generation of Science Standards" (NGSS), noting their focus on teaching the physical sciences. The overall goal of the Framework and NGSS is to help all learners develop the…

Krajcik, Joe

2013-01-01

141

College of Engineering and Physical Sciences School of Computer Science  

E-print Network

College of Engineering and Physical Sciences School of Computer Science I would highly recommend have made! Matt Roberts, ICY student Intercalated Year in Computer Science, ICY-CS ComputerUniversityofBirmingham hasstartedaninnovativenewprogramme. Termedthe`IntercalatedYearinComputer Science'(orICY-CS),itoffersstudents fromnon

Priestley, Hilary

142

Grading Multiple Choice Exams with Low-Cost and Portable Computer-Vision Techniques  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although technology for automatic grading of multiple choice exams has existed for several decades, it is not yet as widely available or affordable as it should be. The main reasons preventing this adoption are the cost and the complexity of the setup procedures. In this paper, Eyegrade, a system for automatic grading of multiple choice exams is presented. While most current solutions are based on expensive scanners, Eyegrade offers a truly low-cost solution requiring only a regular off-the-shelf webcam. Additionally, Eyegrade performs both mark recognition as well as optical character recognition of handwritten student identification numbers, which avoids the use of bubbles in the answer sheet. When compared with similar webcam-based systems, the user interface in Eyegrade has been designed to provide a more efficient and error-free data collection procedure. The tool has been validated with a set of experiments that show the ease of use (both setup and operation), the reduction in grading time, and an increase in the reliability of the results when compared with conventional, more expensive systems.

Fisteus, Jesus Arias; Pardo, Abelardo; García, Norberto Fernández

2013-08-01

143

Feedback-related brain activity predicts learning from feedback in multiple-choice testing.  

PubMed

Different event-related potentials (ERPs) have been shown to correlate with learning from feedback in decision-making tasks and with learning in explicit memory tasks. In the present study, we investigated which ERPs predict learning from corrective feedback in a multiple-choice test, which combines elements from both paradigms. Participants worked through sets of multiple-choice items of a Swahili-German vocabulary task. Whereas the initial presentation of an item required the participants to guess the answer, corrective feedback could be used to learn the correct response. Initial analyses revealed that corrective feedback elicited components related to reinforcement learning (FRN), as well as to explicit memory processing (P300) and attention (early frontal positivity). However, only the P300 and early frontal positivity were positively correlated with successful learning from corrective feedback, whereas the FRN was even larger when learning failed. These results suggest that learning from corrective feedback crucially relies on explicit memory processing and attentional orienting to corrective feedback, rather than on reinforcement learning. PMID:22411103

Ernst, Benjamin; Steinhauser, Marco

2012-06-01

144

Inter-college program between Colleges of Life Sciences & Agriculture and Engineering & Physical Sciences  

E-print Network

Inter-college program between Colleges of Life Sciences & Agriculture and Engineering & Physical between Colleges of Life Sciences & Agriculture and Engineering & Physical Sciences Offered by Natural-college program between Colleges of Life Sciences & Agriculture and Engineering & Physical Sciences Offered

Pringle, James "Jamie"

145

Clifford algebras and physical and engineering sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Clifford algebra in physical and engineering science are studied. Roles of triality symmetry of Cartan's spinor in axial anomaly of particle physics and quaternion and octonion in the memristic circuits are discussed.

Furui, Sadataka

2013-10-01

146

2009 Events | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) has awarded multiple institutional grants to establish twelve Physical Sciences-Oncology Centers (PS-OC) as part of its Physical Sciences in Oncology initiative to better understand the physical laws and principles that shape and govern the emergence and behavior of cancer. The goal of the five year initiative is to engage trans-disciplinary scientific teams from fields of physics, mathematics, chemistry and engineering to examine new, non-traditional approaches to cancer research.

147

"Physics and Life" for Europe's Science Teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The EIROforum Contribution to the European Science and Technology Week 2003 [Physics on Stage 3 Logo] What do you know about modern science? Was your school science teacher inspiring and enthusiastic? Or was physics class a good time to take a nap? Unfortunately, many young Europeans don't have the fondest memories of science in school, and the result is a widespread disinterest and lack of understanding of science among adults. This has become a real problem - especially at a time when science is having a growing impact on our daily lives, and when society needs more scientists than ever! What can be done? Some of Europe's leading research organisations, scientists and teachers have put their heads together and come up with a unique approach called "Physics on Stage" . This will be the third year that these institutes, with substantial support from the European Commission, are running this project - attacking the problem at its roots. EIROforum and "Physics on Stage 3" [EIROforum Logo] "Physics On Stage 3" is based on the very successful "Physics On Stage" concept that was introduced in 2000. It is directed towards science teachers and students in Europe's secondary schools. It is a part of the year-long build-up to the European Science and Technology Week 2003 (3-9 November), an initiative by the European Commission, and is run by seven of Europe's leading Intergovernmental Research Organizations (the EIROforum) [1]. The project addresses the content and format of science teaching in European schools , seeking to improve the quality of teaching and to find new ways to stimulate pupils to take an interest in science. Innovative and inspirational science teaching is seen as a key component to attract young people to deal with scientific issues, whether or not they finally choose a career in science. Hence, "Physics On Stage 3" aims to stimulate the interest of young people through the school teachers, who can play a key role in reversing the trend of falling interest in science and current scientific research. The goals of "Physics On Stage 3" [EWST Logo] "Physics on Stage 3" also aims to facilitate the exchange of good practice and innovative ideas among Europe's science teachers and to provide a forum for a broad debate among educators, administrators and policy-makers about the key problems in science education today. Moreover, it will make available the considerable, combined expertise of the EIROforum organisations to the European scientific teaching community, in order to promote the introduction of "fresh" science into the curricula and thus to convey a more realistic image of modern science to the pupils. "Physics on Stage 3" is concerned with basic science and also with the cross-over between different science disciplines - a trend becoming more and more important in today's science, which is not normally reflected in school curricula. A key element of the programme is to give teachers an up-to-date "insiders'" view of what is happening in science and to tell them about new, highly-diverse and interesting career opportunities for their pupils. Theme of the activities The theme of "Physics on Stage" this year is "Physics and Life" , reflecting the decision to broaden the Physics on Stage activities to encompass all the natural sciences. Including other sciences will augment the already successful concept, introducing a mixture of cross-over projects that highlight the multidisciplinary aspects of modern science. Among the many subjects to be presented are radiation, physics and the environment, astrobiology (the search for life beyond earth), complex systems, self-organising systems, sports science, the medical applications of physics, mathematics and epidemiology, etc. The main elements National activities "Physics on Stage 3" has already started and National Steering Committees in 22 countries, composed of eminent science teachers, scientists, administrators and others involved in se

2003-04-01

148

Physical Science in Constructivist Early Childhood Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers at the Freeburg Early Childhood Program know that experimentation with physical science is of great interest to young children, and can begin as early as the age of 3. The constructivist teachers at this experimental school at the University of Northern Iowa worked for six years to develop a center-based approach to physical science with…

Kato, Tsuguhiko; Van Meeteren, Beth Dykstra

2008-01-01

149

Physics. Teacher's Guide. Investigations in Natural Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigations in Natural Science is a program in secondary school biology, chemistry, and physics based upon the description of science as a quest for knowledge, not the knowledge itself. This teaching guide is designed for use with the 36 physics investigations found in the student manual. These investigations focus on concepts related to:…

Renner, John W.; And Others

150

The Question Complexity Rubric: Development and Application for a National Archive of Astro 101 Multiple-Choice Questions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the last two years we have been developing an online national archive of multiple-choice questions for use in the Astro 101 classroom. These questions are intended to either supplement an instructor's implementation of Think-Pair-Share or be used for assessment purposes (i.e. exams and homework). In this talk we will describe the development, testing and implementation of the Question Complexity Rubric (QCR), which is designed to guide the ranking of questions in this archive based on their conceptual complexity. Using the QCR, a score is assigned to differentiate each question based on the cognitive steps necessary to comprehensively explain the reasoning pathway to the correct answer. The lowest QCR score is given to questions with a reasoning pathway requiring only declarative knowledge whereas the highest QCR score is given to questions that require multiple pathways of multi-step reasoning. When completed, the online question archive will provide users with the utility to 1) search for and download questions based on subject and average QCR score, 2) use the QCR to score questions, and 3) add their own questions to the archive. We will also discuss other potential applications of the QCR, such as how it informs our work in developing and testing of survey instruments by allowing us to calibrate the range of question complexity. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 0715517, a CCLI Phase III Grant for the Collaboration of Astronomy Teaching Scholars (CATS). Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

Cormier, Sebastien; Prather, E. E.; Brissenden, G.; Collaboration of Astronomy Teaching Scholars CATS

2011-01-01

151

Web-based application to eliminate five contraindicated multiple-choice question practices.  

PubMed

Multiple-choice questions (MCQs) evaluate factual knowledge in medical education and have a high reliability, if performed appropriately. However, many MCQs contain formal errors leading to reduced validity. The authors developed a Web application capable of recognizing and eliminating five frequent contraindicated practices in MCQs: negative stem, unfocused stem, cueing words, longest item = right item flaw, and stem/item similarities. The authors used simple string algorithms and dynamic comparisons with keywords. The system was successfully validated with a sample of approximately 800 continuous medical education (CME) questions, showing that our system automatically detects 60% of all formal didactic errors. Flaws not detected by the software can easily be avoided using quick manuals on item wording or clear instruction to the authors. The authors conclude that it is feasible to improve the quality of MCQs by designing a Web application that is capable of detecting common flaws by simple string operations. PMID:20483716

Brunnquell, Andreas; Degirmenci, Umüt; Kreil, Sebastian; Kornhuber, Johannes; Weih, Markus

2011-06-01

152

Entropy state of a multiple choice examination and the evaluation of understanding  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Considering a student's examination as one state of a system which consists of the set of all possible examinations, a new method for evaluating multiple choice examinations is developed by measuring the entropy state of a student's exam above the "thermal background level" (the most probable state). The entropy grade is shown to contain standard scoring as a special case when both the number of questions given and the number of possible selections become large. The entropy grade is also shown to be related to the information it takes a student to go from one state of understanding to another state of understanding. The student's state of understanding is characterized either by his personal probability that his selections will be correct or by experimentally measured probability that the students's selections were correct.

Vawter, Richard

2005-10-17

153

Assessment of medical knowledge: the pros and cons of using true/false multiple choice questions.  

PubMed

True/false multiple choice items, commonly referred to as true/ false multiple choice questions (MCQs), were previously a widely used selected response examination format. They can be written relatively easily and cover a wide range of content. Educational researchers have however highlighted several adverse features of this format that make it inappropriate for many assessment settings. These include: (i) there is a high chance of guessing the correct answer; (ii) some marks are not awarded for knowing the correct answer, but for knowing that an answer is incorrect; (iii) they are weak in discriminating between high and low performers; (iv) identifying items which are absolutely true or false may lead to assessment of trivial knowledge; (v) there are difficulties with constructing flawless items; (vi) they may not encourage learning around the items; and (vii) they may not assess what they purport to assess. Many assessment agencies abandoned the use of this format decades ago due to these shortcomings. The use of single best answer (SBA) and extended matching item (EMI) formats helps overcome or minimize the above weaknesses. Assessors who plan to change to SBA or EMI formats from true/false MCQs may, however, need to increase the number of questions to include a representative sample of the curriculum (lengthening the question paper). However, they may not need to increase the examination time, as in general students can answer more SBAs or EMIs than true/false MCQs per unit time. It is time that we reflect upon the disadvantages of true/false MCQs and review their place in our assessment toolkit, as their use in summative examinations may not be fair to students, especially 'good' students. PMID:22208143

Chandratilake, Madawa; Davis, Margery; Ponnamperuma, Gominda

2011-01-01

154

Physical Science Rocks! Outreach for Elementary Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students at Copiah-Lincoln Community College (Co-Lin) have been hesitant to take courses in the physical sciences, mostly because of a lack of exposure to them in K-12 or a bad experience in this area. The college is addressing this need by exposing students to the physical sciences early on in their education. The science division at Co-Lin has…

McKone, Kevin

2010-01-01

155

Teresa Schuessler | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Ms. Schuessler serves as the Health Communications Fellow for the Physical Sciences in Oncology Program. She oversees efforts to inform the scientific and lay communities about the transdisciplinary research being done across the Physical Sciences-Oncology Centers (PS-OC) program network through science writing and social media. Ms. Schuessler's responsibilities also include program evaluation and data analysis in order to assess PS-OC performance across the network.

156

Narrative and the Physical Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

A fable is presented that depicts a view of the situation of science in a postmodern world. This is followed by a brief account of how a foundationalist interpretation of scientific epistemology emerged. The attack on foundationalist views of science by the history of science, philosophy of science and sociology of scientific knowledge leading to Rorty's return to narrative is

J. Linn Mackey

1993-01-01

157

Physics for Physical Sciences: Graphing Motion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This introductory tutorial provides examples and visualizations for beginners in the fundamentals of graphing Velocity vs. Time and Position vs. Time. Physical quantities are related to graphical features, such as the relationship between slope and velocity. Images and Flash animations are used to present the material, along with examples that demonstrate problem-solving using formulas relating to displacement and constant velocity.

2004-03-14

158

Open Day 2011/2012 School of Physical Sciences  

E-print Network

Open Day 2011/2012 School of Physical Sciences #12;Why study Physics? · Physics answers the big Undergraduate Laboratories at all levels #12;Physics Degrees at DCU · Physics with Biomedical Sciences (DC173;Physics with Biomedical Sciences Physics is of vital importance to the Biomedical fields NMR / PET / CAT

Humphrys, Mark

159

A physical sciences network characterization of non-tumorigenic and  

E-print Network

A physical sciences network characterization of non-tumorigenic and metastatic cells The Physical a physical sciences perspective, the Physical Sciences­Oncology Centers (PS-OC) Network performed molecular- and extravasation), dormancy, and re-activation. From a physical sciences perspective, metastasis can be viewed

van Oudenaarden, Alexander

160

Project Earth Science: Physical Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Immerse your students in Earth's most abundant resource--water. Embark on a voyage of discovery as you steer your students through activities designed to teach them about currents, waves, and tides. From an understanding of the properties that make water unique, your students will get a global view of the marine environment, including the impact of human activities on the oceans. This book is one of four in NSTA's popular Project Earth Science series. The other books are Project Earth Science:Geology, Project Earth Science:Astronomy, and Project Earth Science:Meteorology .

Ford, Brent A.; Smith, P. S.

2000-01-01

161

Comparison of Examination Methods Based on Multiple-Choice Questions and Constructed-Response Questions Using Personal Computers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present research was to compare the use of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) as an examination method, to the examination based on constructed-response questions (CRQs). Despite that MCQs have an advantage concerning objectivity in the grading process and speed in production of results, they also introduce an error in the final…

Ventouras, Errikos; Triantis, Dimos; Tsiakas, Panagiotis; Stergiopoulos, Charalampos

2010-01-01

162

Estimating the Effect on Grades of Using Multiple-Choice versus Constructive-Response Questions: Data from the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the degree to which grades based solely on constructed-response (CR) questions differ from grades based solely on multiple-choice (MC) questions. If CR questions are to justify their higher costs, they should produce different grade outcomes than MC questions. We use a data set composed of thousands of observations on…

Hickson, Stephen; Reed, W. Robert; Sander, Nicholas

2012-01-01

163

Set of Criteria for Efficiency of the Process Forming the Answers to Multiple-Choice Test Items  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Is offered the set of criteria for assessing efficiency of the process forming the answers to multiple-choice test items. To increase accuracy of computer-assisted testing results, it is suggested to assess dynamics of the process of forming the final answer using the following factors: loss of time factor and correct choice factor. The model…

Rybanov, Alexander Aleksandrovich

2013-01-01

164

An Empirical Comparison of DDF Detection Methods for Understanding the Causes of DIF in Multiple-Choice Items  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared and illustrated four differential distractor functioning (DDF) detection methods for analyzing multiple-choice items. The log-linear approach, two item response theory-model-based approaches with likelihood ratio tests, and the odds ratio approach were compared to examine the congruence among the four DDF detection methods.…

Suh, Youngsuk; Talley, Anna E.

2015-01-01

165

Polytomous versus Dichotomous Scoring on Multiple-Choice Examinations: Development of a Rubric for Rating Partial Credit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of assigning partial credit on multiple-choice test items is considered for items from ACS Exams. Because the items on these exams, particularly the quantitative items, use common student errors to define incorrect answers, it is possible to assign partial credits to some of these incorrect responses. To do so, however, it becomes…

Grunert, Megan L.; Raker, Jeffrey R.; Murphy, Kristen L.; Holme, Thomas A.

2013-01-01

166

So Many Choices, So Little Time: Strategies for Understanding and Taking Multiple-Choice Exams in History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning as much as possible about what to expect and how best to select among response choices enables students to improve their scores so as to reflect more fully their knowledge and abilities, whether taking the SAT, ACT, AP history exams, multiple-choice exams in college courses, the GRE, or any other standardized examinations that include…

Blackey, Robert

2009-01-01

167

Northwestern University | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Northwestern University Physical Sciences-Oncology Center's (NU PS-OC) main focus is to probe the molecular basis of information flow within malignant cells. This center’s studies will highlight diverse characteristics of gene expression and storage. Moreover, these investigators postulate that in the cancerous state, the epigenome is significantly mutated. By merging experimental molecular and cellular biology with the physical sciences, these investigators will examine the regulation and expression of genes.

168

College of Natural Science and Mathematics Department of Physics  

E-print Network

physics College of Natural Science and Mathematics Department of Physics 907-474-7339 www.uaf.edu/physics and chemistry, provides the foun- dation for work in all fields of the physical sciences and engineering of physics, climate sciences and meteorology. The Computational Physics concentration is relevant

Hartman, Chris

169

Comparison of Collegial Individual and Group Reviews of General Practice Multiple Choice Questions  

PubMed Central

Aims: In most German medical faculties, credits in general practice can be earned via exams using multiple-choice questions (MCQ). Measures such as peer-reviews may help assure the quality of these exams. In order to use time and personnel intensive peer reviews effectively and efficiently, the procedures used are key. Therefore, we wanted to find out whether there are differences between group and individual reviews regarding defined parameters. Methods: We conducted a controlled cross-over study with three GP reviewers from four different German universities. Each reviewed 80 MCQs, 40 individually and 40 within a group, including external assessments by a panel of experts. Furthermore all reviewers were asked to evaluate the review process and the time spent carrying out these reviews. Outcomes: We found no significant differences between the reliability and the validity of individual reviews versus group reviews. On average slightly more time was spent on group reviews compared with the individual reviews. The subjective assessments of the study participants regarding their satisfaction with the process and the efficiency and effectiveness of the reviews suggest a preference for group reviews. Conclusions: Based on this study, there are no definite recommendations for or against either approach. When choosing between the two, the specific work structures and organisation at the local faculty should be taken into account. PMID:22916083

Böhme, Klaus; Schelling, Jörg; Streitlein-Böhme, Irmgard; Glassen, Katharina; Schübel, Jeannine; Jünger, Jana

2012-01-01

170

Short and long multiple-choice question stems in a primary care oriented undergraduate medical curriculum.  

PubMed

In this study Year 1 students in a new, primary care-oriented undergraduate course were offered a practice multiple-choice question (MCQ) examination with two question item formats--with and without brief primary care-based clinical scenarios--with the same correct answers. Data collected included: completion time; number correct; and responses to a questionnaire seeking student perception on the time required, clarity, ease of choice, and curriculum relevance. The mean scores for both groups of students were no different, although about 20% more time was required to complete clinical scenario stem question sets. Students perceived that the clinical scenarios had little effect on choosing the correct answer, improved question clarity and increased relevance to the curriculum. This study suggests that it is possible to assess junior medical students studying integrated undergraduate medical curricula by using MCQs containing brief clinical scenario stems, so long as either item numbers or timing are adjusted. This item format better reflects the learning process and may better prepare students for later professional practice assessment. GPs have an important role in developing assessment items that reflect early clinical integration. PMID:19583903

Hays, Richard B; Coventry, Peter; Wilcock, David; Hartley, Kirsty

2009-05-01

171

The "Next Generation Science Standards": A Focus on Physical Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What should all students know about the physical sciences? Why should all students have a basic understanding of these ideas? An amazing number of new scientific breakthroughs have occurred in the last 20 years that impact daily lives. This article focuses on the "Next Generation Science Standards" (NGSS) disciplinary core ideas in…

Krajcik, Joe

2013-01-01

172

Guide to Supervision in the Physical Natural Sciences 1 Faculty Board of Physics and Chemistry, 2013  

E-print Network

Guide to Supervision in the Physical Natural Sciences 1 Faculty who are intending to supervise undergraduates in the physical Natural Sciences. Supervision practice is quite similar for the different physical science courses

Lasenby, Joan

173

Contact Information | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) is exploring new and innovative scientific approaches to better understand and control cancer. The Office of Physical Sciences - Oncology (OPSO) leads the NCI's efforts to establish research projects that bring together cancer biologists and oncologists with scientists from the fields of physics, mathematics, chemistry, and engineering to address some of the major questions and barriers in cancer research.

174

Arizona State University | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Arizona State University Physical Sciences-Oncology Center's (ASU PS-OC) foremost aim is to rigorously question the central tenets of cancer biology and to innovate paradigm shifting tactics that challenge the barriers of contemporary cancer research and treatments. These investigators hypothesize that cancer progression is linked to systematic physical differences in cells.

175

Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) funds research and training in the UK in engineering and the physical sciences. Viewing public engagement as important for stimulating interest in research, inspiring future generations of researchers and, "helping the research base evolve in tune with the changing needs of a more informed society," the EPSRC also promotes public awareness of science and engineering, providing a good deal of resources and links online. Research reports and briefs from some of the collaborating institutions' work on a wide range of research projects in engineering, the physical sciences and mathematics are all available in the Publications section. Other sections describe activities for young people and teachers, and research opportunities for graduate students.

176

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Fall 2010 To qualify for the Dean's List Jakob Samuel Adams Computer Science Kevin Wayne Ames Chemistry Kolten Lex Barfuss Physics David Jeffrey Computer Science Eric D Gibbs Applied Physics Tyler P Gill Computer Science Matthew D Gillon Physics

Hart, Gus

177

Comparative assessment of multiple choice questions versus short essay questions in pharmacology examinations.  

PubMed

This retrospective study compared the performance of medical students in multiple choice questions (MCQs) and short essay questions (SEQs). During the 3 year analysis, 533 students had an average score of 51.34% (SD 9.9) in the SEQ and 64.71%(SD 9.9)in the MCQs. Regression analysis showed a significant correlation(r=0.64, P<0.01) between MCQs and SEQs. When student performance was grouped by final course grade, a statistically significant correlation between MCQs and SEQs scores existed only for the 405 students who received a passing grade (r=0.21, P<0.01). The MCQ and SEQ scores were not correlated for the 128 students who failed (r=0.11, P=0.08) or for 70 students who achieved distinctions (r=-0.27, P=0.13). MCQ scores were significantly higher (P<0.01) than SEQ for each of the groups when analyzed by the two-way ANOVA test. The result of this study suggests that for most students, the strong correlation between MCQ and SEQ indicates that student performance was independent of testing format. For students at either end of the performance spectrum, the lack of correlation suggests that the performance in one of the testing format had a strong influence on the final course grade. In addition, those students who failed the course were likely to be weak in both testing modalities, whereas students in all grade groups were more likely to perform better in the MCQs than SEQs. PMID:22569324

Mujeeb, A Momin; Pardeshi, M L; Ghongane, B B

2010-03-01

178

Semaphorin-6A controls guidance of corticospinal tract axons at multiple choice points  

PubMed Central

Background The trajectory of corticospinal tract (CST) axons from cortex to spinal cord involves a succession of choice points, each of which is controlled by multiple guidance molecules. To assess the involvement of transmembrane semaphorins and their plexin receptors in the guidance of CST axons, we have examined this tract in mutants of Semaphorin-6A (Sema6A), Plexin-A2 (PlxnA2) and Plexin-A4 (PlxnA4). Results We describe defects in CST guidance in Sema6A mutants at choice points at the mid-hindbrain boundary (MHB) and in navigation through the pons that dramatically affect how many axons arrive to the hindbrain and spinal cord and result in hypoplasia of the CST. We also observe defects in guidance within the hindbrain where a proportion of axons aberrantly adopt a ventrolateral position and fail to decussate. This function in the hindbrain seems to be mediated by the known Sema6A receptor PlxnA4, which is expressed by CST axons. Guidance at the MHB, however, appears independent of this and of the other known receptor, PlxnA2, and may depend instead on Sema6A expression on CST axons themselves at embryonic stages. Conclusion These data identify Sema6A as a major contributor to the guidance of CST axons at multiple choice points. They highlight the active control of guidance at the MHB and also implicate the inferior olive as an important structure in the guidance of CST axons within the hindbrain. They also suggest that Sema6A, which is strongly expressed by oligodendrocytes, may affect CST regeneration in adults. PMID:19063725

Rünker, Annette E; Little, Graham E; Suto, Fumikazu; Fujisawa, Hajime; Mitchell, Kevin J

2008-01-01

179

Home | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Video of the NCI's recent symposium on this new and exciting frontier of cancer research. Topics include information transfer in time and space, physics of cancer, advancing cancer technologies, evolutionary dynamics in cancer, and links to clinical perspectives.

180

The effect of levels of cooperation within physical science laboratory groups on physical science achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the levels of group cooperation on students' achievement during a series of physical science laboratory activities. Six intact seventh-grade physical science classes taught by two teachers, with each teacher instructing three classes, were selected from two middle schools. For each teacher, one of the classes was taught with a

Huey-Por Chang; Norman G. Lederman

1994-01-01

181

English Skills for Physical Science. Unit 2--Physical Science Terminology. Tutor Version [and] Student Version.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is part of a series of materials designed to reinforce essential concepts in physical science through interactive, language-sensitive, problem-solving exercises emphasizing cooperative learning. The manual is intended for limited-English-proficient (LEP) students in beginning physical science classes. The materials are for teams of two…

California Univ., Los Angeles. Center for Language Education and Research.

182

InterActions in Physical Science: A new curriculum for middle school physical science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This presentation from the 2006 PTEC conference describes the InterActions in Physical Science curriculum. This curriculum meets the need for a standards-based middles school physical science curriculum. This talk outlines the goals, structures, and activities of the project.

Goldberg, Fred

2006-09-30

183

Professional Master of Science in Medical Physics (MSMP)  

E-print Network

Professional Master of Science in Medical Physics (MSMP) Department of Physics Florida atlantic University #12;T he Department of Physics offers the Master of Science in Medical Physics (MSMP) degree Science or Engineering with a minor in Physics are considered. 2. At least a 3.0 (of a 4.0 maximum) grade

Fernandez, Eduardo

184

Contact the College of Science -Physics for more information  

E-print Network

Contact the College of Science - Physics for more information www.swansea.ac.uk/physics | +44 (0 - as an Experimental Physicist/Modeller for a Government defence contractor. The College of Science - Physics Employability #12;Contact the College of Science - Physics for more information www.swansea.ac.uk/physics | +44

Martin, Ralph R.

185

Physical Sciences for Elementary School Teachers Page 213Sonoma State University 2012-2013 Catalog PHYSICAL SCIENCES FOR ELEMENTARY  

E-print Network

Physical Sciences for Elementary School Teachers Page 213Sonoma State University 2012-2013 Catalog PHYSICAL SCIENCES FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS Program Advisors and Offices Jennifer Whiles in Physical Sciences The minor in physical sciences for elementary teachers provides an introduction

Ravikumar, B.

186

Physical Sciences for Elementary School Teachers Page 219Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog PHYSICAL SCIENCES FOR ELEMENTARY  

E-print Network

Physical Sciences for Elementary School Teachers Page 219Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog PHYSICAL SCIENCES FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS Program Advisors and Offices Jennifer Whiles in Physical Sciences The minor in physical sciences for elementary teachers provides an introduction

Ravikumar, B.

187

Developing the learning physical science curriculum: Adapting a small enrollment, laboratory and discussion based physical science course for large enrollments  

E-print Network

Developing the learning physical science curriculum: Adapting a small enrollment, laboratory and discussion based physical science course for large enrollments Fred Goldberg,1 Edward Price,2 Stephen of the small enrollment, lab and discussion based physical science course, Physical Science and Everyday

Goldberg, Fred M.

188

Roadmap: Physics Biological Sciences -Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-BISC  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physics ­Biological Sciences - Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-BISC] College of the Arts and Sciences Department of Physics Biological Sciences Minor [BISC] College of the Arts and Sciences Department Basic Sciences MATH 12003 Analytic Geometry and Calculus II 5 PHY 23101 General University Physics I 5

Sheridan, Scott

189

Roadmap: Physics Computer Science -Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-CS  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physics ­ Computer Science - Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-CS] College of the Arts and Sciences Department of Physics Computer Science Minor [CS] College of the Arts and Sciences Department PHY 23101 General University Physics I 5 Fulfills Kent Core Basic Sciences Semester Three: [16 Credit

Sheridan, Scott

190

Roadmap: Physics Computer Science -Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-CS  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physics ­ Computer Science - Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-CS] College of the Arts and Sciences Department of Physics Computer Science Minor [CS] College of the Arts and Sciences Department Geometry and Calculus II 5 PHY 23101 General University Physics I 5 Fulfills Kent Core Basic Sciences

Sheridan, Scott

191

Using Science Fiction Movies in Introductory Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper discusses the use of science fiction movies in introductory physics courses at Spelman College. There are several reasons to use these movies in the classroom environment. Movies are a visual learning aid. Introductory physics students show a strong interest in participating in movie-related activities compared to standard group problem-solving sessions. Finally, these activities encourage creative thinking and can be used to develop writing skills. The students involved with these movie-based activities have included biology and pre-medical majors taking general physics. In the introductory level courses, physics, chemistry, and engineering majors worked on movie-based activities.

Dark, Marta L.

2005-10-01

192

1 1/28/2014 Physical Sciences Directorate  

E-print Network

1 1/28/2014 Physical Sciences Directorate Directorate Operations Kathy Carney, Manager Associate, Manager Basic Energy Sciences Program Michelle Buchanan Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences Phil Britt Materials Science and Engineering Michelle Buchanan, Acting CNMS User Programs Hans Christen

193

Teaching Physical Sciences by Ocean Inquiry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This semester-long course is designed to introduce science undergraduates to ocean and climate related processes that can be used to teach general physical concepts (e.g. density, buoyancy, pressure, heat and temperature, waves), using a variety of hands-on activities. Students will be introduced to pedagogical methods that will give them the tools to communicate their science knowledge to broader audiences. The course is held at the University of Maine, Orono, Maine.

194

Teaching Triple Science: GCSE Physics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides an introduction to teaching and learning approaches for the extension topics within GCSE Physics. It highlights some specific ideas that teachers can adopt and where to find further information. It also outlines issues for managing the change. This guide contains sevens sections: Section 1 presents the policy context;…

Learning and Skills Network (NJ3), 2007

2007-01-01

195

Improving the Output from Software that Generates Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) Test Items Automatically using Controlled Rhetorical Structure Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

A combination of established theories (1).(2).(3).(4) are applied in an attempt to improve the output from a system (5),(6) which automatically generates MCQ (Multiple Choice Question) test items from source documents. The literature observes that NLG (Natural Language Generation) system evaluation is non-trivial (7) and so the method is evaluated using a process suited to the featured domain (8). The

Robert Michael Foster

196

Comparing Delay Discounting Rates When Using the Fill-in-the-Blank and Multiple-Choice Methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several methods have been devised to measure delay discounting. The present study recruited university students to complete a delay-discounting task involving five different outcomes (finding a dating partner, free cigarettes, winning $100,000, being owed $100,000, and obtaining one's ideal body image) that was administered using either the fill-in-the blank (FITB) or multiple-choice (MC) method. Results showed that the different administration

Jeffrey N. Weatherly; Adam Derenne

2011-01-01

197

Bioresource Core | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

The Physical Sciences-Oncology Network Bioresource Core Facility (PBCF) at ATCC is a central resource for all members of the Physical Sciences-Oncology Network (PS-ON) and collaborators. The PBCF serves as a centralized distributor and repository providing the Network with common stocks of an authenticated set of non-malignant and cancerous cell lines, their derivatives, cell culture reagents, and related standard operating protocols. Investigators outside of the Network who agree to actively participate in data sharing and integration efforts are welcome to join the Network.

198

Debating science policy in the physics classroom.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is critically important that national and international science policy be scientifically grounded. To this end, the next generation of scientists and engineers will need to be technically competent, effective communicators of science, and engaged advisors in the debate and formulation of science policy. We describe three science policy debates developed for the physics classroom aimed at encouraging students to draw connections between their developing technical expertise and important science policy issues. The first debate considers the proposal for a 450-megawatt wind farm on public lands in Nantucket Sound and fits naturally into the curriculum related to alternative forms of energy production. The second debate considers national fuel-economy standards for sport-utility vehicles and can be incorporated into the curriculum related to heat engines. The third debate, suitable for the curriculum in optics, considers solid state lighting and implications of recent United States legislation that places stringent new energy-efficiency and reliability requirements on conventional lighting. The technical foundation for each of these debates fits naturally into the undergraduate physics curriculum and the material is suitable for a wide range of physics courses, including general science courses for non-majors.

Mayer, Shannon

2010-03-01

199

Preparing Teachers to Teach Physics and Physical Science by Inquiry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Physics Education Group at the University of Washington is deeply involved in preparing KâÂÂ12 teachers to teach physics and physical science by inquiry. During the academic year, the Department offers special courses for preservice (prospective) teachers. During the summer, the group conducts a six week, intensive NSF Summer Institute for Inservice Teachers. The group also designs and helps conduct local short-term workshops for teachers. This paper is a distillation of more than 25 years of experience in working with KâÂÂ12 teachers. Teacher preparation has been an integral part of our groupâÂÂs comprehensive program in research, curriculum development, and instruction. Research by our group focuses on investigations of student understanding in physics. The results are used to guide the design of instructional materials for various student populations at the introductory level and beyond. We have drawn on our research findings and teaching experience in developing Physics by Inquiry. This self-contained, laboratory-based curriculum is designed for use in university courses to prepare KâÂÂ12 teachers to teach physics and physical science effectively. Ongoing assessment of the instructional materials takes place both at our university and at pilot sites.

Mcdermott, Lillian C.; Shaffer, Peter

2009-12-23

200

A comparison of the psychometric properties of three- and four-option multiple-choice questions in nursing assessments.  

PubMed

In multiple-choice tests, four-option items are the standard in nursing education. There are few evidence-based reasons, however, for MCQs to have four or more options as studies have shown that three-option items perform equally as well and the additional options most often do not improve test reliability and validity. The aim of this study was to examine and compare the psychometric properties of four-option items with the same items rewritten as three-option items. Using item-analysis data to eliminate the distractor with the lowest response rate, we compared three- and four-option versions of 41 multiple-choice items administered to two student cohorts over two subsequent academic years. Removing the non-functioning distractor resulted in minimal changes in item difficulty and discrimination. Three-option items contained more functioning distractors despite having fewer distractors overall. Existing distractors became more discriminating when infrequently selected distractors were removed from items. Overall, three-option items perform equally as well as four-option items. Since three-option items require less time to develop and administer and additional options provide no psychometric advantage, teachers are encouraged to adopt three-option items as the standard on multiple-choice tests. PMID:20053488

Tarrant, Marie; Ware, James

2010-08-01

201

Accelerator science in medical physics  

PubMed Central

The use of cyclotrons and synchrotrons to accelerate charged particles in hospital settings for the purpose of cancer therapy is increasing. Consequently, there is a growing demand from medical physicists, radiographers, physicians and oncologists for articles that explain the basic physical concepts of these technologies. There are unique advantages and disadvantages to all methods of acceleration. Several promising alternative methods of accelerating particles also have to be considered since they will become increasingly available with time; however, there are still many technical problems with these that require solving. This article serves as an introduction to this complex area of physics, and will be of benefit to those engaged in cancer therapy, or who intend to acquire such technologies in the future. PMID:22374548

Peach, K; Wilson, P; Jones, B

2011-01-01

202

Princeton University | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Princeton University Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (PU PS-OC) will focus on how to control the evolution of cancer resistance to chemotherapy. Drug resistance is the major barrier to successful cancer treatment, and understanding its development will facilitate the creation of new agents with improved efficacy. These investigators will use the basics of physics to evaluate stress response mechanisms in a variety of fundamental as well as clinically relevant studies.

203

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Winter 2012 To qualify for the Dean Physics Austin Sinclair Andrus Geology Ian Brendan Phillip Baenziger Computer Science Christian Jacob Science Jane Cutler Physics Brian Lafayette Davis Computer Science Carter Davis Mathematics Kaylea Renea

Hart, Gus

204

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Winter 2011 To qualify for the Dean Phillip Baenziger Computer Science Alvaretta Grace Bair Mathematics Hugh Robert Bates Physics Education Caleb J Coburn Physics Joshua Barnes Condie Computer Science Bryce Thomas Cook Actuarial Science

Hart, Gus

205

College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Winter 2013  

E-print Network

College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Winter 2013 To qualify for the Dean's List, students Science Timothy David Atwood Computer Science Joel Frederick Barker Physics Paige Lynn Bartholomew Science J Kendall Berry Applied Physics Leah Blake Mathematics Education Hannah Marguerite Bonner Geology

Hart, Gus

206

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Spring 2010 To qualify for the Dean/term. Name Major Ross Call Andrus Actuarial Science Michael O Arnell Actuarial Science Jordan W Bell Physics Anthony Lemmon Computer Science Victoria Grace Mohun Mathematics David Jackson Perkins Physics Jason Erik

Hart, Gus

207

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Spring 2011 To qualify for the Dean Cook Actuarial Science Berg Daniel Dodson Physics Isaac Grant Ellsworth Computer Science Cameron True Computer Science David Jackson Perkins Physics Jennifer Lee Pickup Mathematics Education James Kenneth

Hart, Gus

208

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Summer 2013 To qualify for the Dean Banack Physics and Astronomy Paige Lynn Bartholomew Mathematics Jon Clayton Coleman Computer ScienceDenBerghe Computer Science David R Wagner Physics and Astronomy Jonathan Jacob Welling Physics and Astronomy Philip

Hart, Gus

209

College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Winter 2014  

E-print Network

College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Winter 2014 To qualify for the Dean's List, students Brendan Phillip Baenziger Computer Science Heather Nicole Banack Physics Kolten Lex Barfuss Physics Giselle Cano Computer Science Amber Ruth Chase Mathematics Adam Scott Christensen Applied Physics Peter

Hart, Gus

210

Physics is the fundamental science: the study of matter and  

E-print Network

PHYSICS Physics is the fundamental science: the study of matter and energy and of their interactions. Physics is the basis for all science and for all applied science and engineering. Physicists study everything from elementary particles to galaxies, from semiconductors to chaos. Because physics

211

What is Physics? Physics is the fundamental science, the study of matter and energy at  

E-print Network

What is Physics? Physics is the fundamental science, the study of matter and energy at all scales of Management. BachelorofScience/BachelorofEducation Physics/ScienceEducation Calendar Year: 2007/2008 Faculty and understanding natural phenomena will enjoy the study of Physics. Careers in Physics For those who

Seldin, Jonathan P.

212

What is Physics? Physics is the fundamental science, the study of matter and energy at  

E-print Network

What is Physics? Physics is the fundamental science, the study of matter and energy at all scales/BachelorofEducation Physics/ScienceEducation Calendar Year: 2006-2007 Faculty: Arts & Science/Education Advice From and understanding natural phenomena will enjoy the study of Physics. Careers in Physics For those who

Seldin, Jonathan P.

213

What is Physics? Physics is the fundamental science, the study of matter and energy at  

E-print Network

What is Physics? Physics is the fundamental science, the study of matter and energy at all scales with the Faculty of Education and the Faculty of Management. BachelorofScience/BachelorofEducation Physics/Science and understanding natural phenomena will enjoy the study of Physics. Careers in Physics For those who

Seldin, Jonathan P.

214

Xiaolin Nan | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Xiaolin Nan, is an assistant professor at Oregon Health and Science University. Until recently, he worked in Dr. Steven Chu’s lab doing imaging of single molecules. His background is physical chemistry and after that he trained as a biophysicist , concentrating on cancer biology.

215

Ideas and Activities for Physical Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is designed to supplement an existing physical science curriculum and to assist in providing the learning experiences required to implement an effective course. The first chapter outlines the purposes of this manual and provides a set of teaching tips. Topics such as electricity, wave motion, light, sound, periodic table and nuclear…

Chiappetta, Eugene L., Ed.

216

Physics from Computer Science — a position statement  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this statement we provide some examples of transdisciplinary journeys, from one field to another, and back. In particular, the quantum informatic endeavor is not just a matter of feeding phys- ical theory into the general field of natural computation, bu t also one of using high-level methods developed in Computer Science to improve on the quantum physical formalism itself,

SAMSON ABRAMSKY; BOB COECKE

2006-01-01

217

Theme: Teaching Physical Science Applications in Agriculture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes "Preparing Teachers to Teach Agriscience" (Osborne); "Physical Sciences and Agriculture" (Buriak); "Using Experiments to Teach Agriculture" (Miller); "Oooh-Ahhh: So That's How It Works!" (Loschen); "Keeping Agriculture in Agriscience" (Moss); "Sharpening Twist Drills" (McHargue, Hood); and "Safety in the Agriscience Laboratory"…

Osborne, Edward W.; And Others

1996-01-01

218

Johns Hopkins University | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Johns Hopkins University Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (JHU PS-OC) will explore the mechanical forces in cancer that bolster the tumor metastatic cascade. Metastatic disease is the cause for the preponderance of deaths related to cancer. In fact, relative survival significantly decreases for cancer patients who present with metastases at the time of their diagnosis.

219

BOOK REVIEW: Science Fair Projects: Physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

I have often thought that the notion of a Science Fair is intrinsically a good one but have never set one up. With this book such an undertaking is possible, with 47 projects from which you can choose. Each project has a clearly stated purpose with an overview that contains the physics you need to get started. A hypothesis, or

Bob Bonnet; Dan Keen

2000-01-01

220

Do you have a physical science degree?  

E-print Network

to tackle problems that lie at the plant/physical science interface on a molecular level. Chemical Biology will get training from both academic and industrial leaders in the plant and chemical biology fields of Chemistry, Imperial College London, London, SW7 2AZ, U.K. Tel: +44 (0)20 7594 5880 or Email: icbadmin

221

Ohio Physical Science Education Standards- 2011  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document from the Great Lakes Fuel Cell Education Partnership contains a brief outline of the state of Ohio's physical science education standards for 2011. The document includes information about specific subjects and how they may be taught in conjunction with units on renewable energies such as solar energy, wind energy, fuel cells and biofuels. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2011-12-23

222

DISCUS Eighth Grade, Physical Sciences, Part I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Included are instructional materials designed for use with disadvantaged students who have a limited reading ability and poor command of English. The guide is the first volume of a two volume, one year program in physical science, and contains these five units and activities: First Class Levers, six activities; Inclined Plane, six activities; The…

Duval County School Board, Jacksonville, FL. Project DISCUS.

223

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Megan Renee Hirschi Biochemistry Carl William Hoiland Geology Rebecca Elise Jack Mathematics Education Actuarial Science Lauren Rose Richey Physics Adam Mark Rogers Computer Science Conrad Waldhar Rosenbrock

Hart, Gus

224

A Science Strategy for Space Physics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report by the Committee on Solar and Space Physics and the Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Research recommends the major directions for scientific research in space physics for the coming decade. As a field of science, space physics has passed through the stage of simply looking to see what is out beyond Earth's atmosphere. It has become a 'hard' science, focusing on understanding the fundamental interactions between charged particles, electromagnetic fields, and gases in the natural laboratory consisting of the galaxy, the Sun, the heliosphere, and planetary magnetospheres, ionospheres, and upper atmospheres. The motivation for space physics research goes far beyond basic physics and intellectual curiosity, however, because long-term variations in the brightness of the Sun virtually affect the habitability of the Earth, while sudden rearrangements of magnetic fields above the solar surface can have profound effects on the delicate balance of the forces that shape our environment in space and on the human technology that is sensitive to that balance. The several subfields of space physics share the following objectives: to understand the fundamental laws or processes of nature as they apply to space plasmas and rarefied gases both on the microscale and in the larger complex systems that constitute the domain of space physics; to understand the links between changes in the Sun and the resulting effects at the Earth, with the eventual goal of predicting the significant effects on the terrestrial environment; and to continue the exploration and description of the plasmas and rarefied gases in the solar system.

1995-01-01

225

The Physical Sciences. Report of the National Science Board Submitted to the Congress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent advances in the physical sciences, including astronomy, chemical synthesis, chemical dynamics, solid-state sciences, atomic and nuclear science, and elementary particles and high-energy physics are summarized in this report to Congress. The nature of physical science, including its increasing unity, the relationship between science and…

Handler, Philip

226

Faculty of Science Department of Physics & Atmospheric Science Sir James Dunn Bldg, Room 218  

E-print Network

Faculty of Science Department of Physics & Atmospheric Science · Sir James Dunn Bldg, Room 218 PO of Physics and Atmospheric Science Dalhousie University invites applications from outstanding candidates with strong ties to industry. We are strong in materials science, biological physics, condensed matter physics

Brownstone, Rob

227

Master of Science project in computational material physics  

E-print Network

Master of Science project in computational material physics (posted 2013-05-13) Plasmarons in computational material science. You have taken the courses in Quantum physics, Solid state physics and Statistical physic and have some experience in computational physics. Contact Bo Hellsing, room 3036, third

Hellsing, Bo

228

Reduction and Emergence in the Physical Sciences: Some Lessons from the Particle PhysicsCondensed Matter  

E-print Network

Reduction and Emergence in the Physical Sciences: Some Lessons from the Particle Physics and emergence in the physical sciences, more specificallythe relationship between particle physics and condensed the case for caution is at the interfacebetween particle physics and solidstate or condensed matter physics

Howard, Don

229

RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science Strong Correlation Physics Division  

E-print Network

Matter Theory Research Team Computational Quantum Matter Research Team First-Principles Materials Science Computational Physics Research Unit Emergent Spectroscopy Research Unit Emergent Matter Science Planning Office Physics Research Group Strong Correlation Theory Research Group Strong Correlation Interface Research

Fukai, Tomoki

230

College of Natural Science and Mathematics Department of Physics  

E-print Network

phySicS College of Natural Science and Mathematics Department of Physics 907-474-7339 www.uaf.edu/physics Advanced study at the graduate level is offered in various areas of physics and applied physics, including programs currently emphasize space physics, infrasonics, complex dynamics of nonlinear systems, ice physics

Hartman, Chris

231

University of New Orleans Department of Physics Master of Science in Applied Physics  

E-print Network

University of New Orleans Department of Physics Master of Science in Applied Physics The Master of Science In Applied Physics (MSAP) provides for maximum flexibility in designing a personal program in applied physics or a related area of science or engineering. Guidance is provided to the student

Kulp, Mark

232

UNL Department of Physics and Astronomy Bachelor of Science Program for Physics Majors  

E-print Network

UNL Department of Physics and Astronomy Bachelor of Science Program for Physics Majors Effective-2770, paoffice@unl.edu) for the name of your advisor. The Bachelor of Science in Physics is designed for students discipline. The departmental requirements for the Bachelor of Science in Physics consists of the Core Courses

Farritor, Shane

233

64 SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN August 2007 The Physical Science behind  

E-print Network

64 SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN August 2007 The Physical Science behind CLIMATE CHANGEBy William Collins, on the physical science basis of climate change, in February. Called the "Summary for Policymakers," it delivered depends on what humans choose to do about greenhouse gas emissions. The physical science assessment

Kammen, Daniel M.

234

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Spring 2012 To qualify for the Dean Stephen Dale Erickson Physics Fernando S Garcia Computer Science Jamie Lynn Gee Mathematics Andrew Jeffrey Mathematics Tiffany Alyssa Lloyd Geology #12;Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Spring

Hart, Gus

235

Nanoscale Physics The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

Nanoscale Physics The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Degrees Offered: MS Rice University, and marketing of new science-based products. Degree Requirements for the MS in Nanoscale Physics In addition;2 Departments / Nanoscale Physics Science core courses: PHYS 533 Nanostructures and Nanotechnology I PHYS 539

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

236

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Summer 2014 To qualify for the Dean Forrest Wolfgang Glines Physics and Astronomy Michael Max Goodman Geological Sciences Brynne May Makana Onala Hansen Mathematics Spencer Hart Physics and Astronomy Daniel Riley Hepworth Computer Science

Hart, Gus

237

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Summer 2010 To qualify for the Dean/term. Name Major Brody Richard Bassett Biochemistry Jordan W Bell Physics Bibek Bhusal Computer Science Statistics Joshua Barnes Condie Computer Science Jeffrey Michael Curtis Chemistry Jane Cutler Physics Dorothy

Hart, Gus

238

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Fall 2009 To qualify for the Dean's List Condie Computer Science Lynnae Jeannette Mariko Conger Mathematics Jane Cutler Physics Carter Davis Biochemistry Shannon Louise Huey Chemistry Sampo Kaleva Hynynen Physics Hyoung Jin Jang Computer Science #12

Hart, Gus

239

PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES ACADEMIC PERSONNEL/PAYROLL UNIT ASSIGNMENTS  

E-print Network

PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES ACADEMIC PERSONNEL/PAYROLL UNIT ASSIGNMENTS Updated: 7/MBAMP/MDTP Kristin Mott Laura Brogan Deb Millward OCEAN SCIENCES Kristin Mott Katie Arnold Deb Millward PHYSICS SC INSTITUTE FOR PARTICLE PHYSICS (SCIPP) Kristin Mott Laura Brogan Leticia Medina SCIENCE COMMUNICATION

California at Santa Cruz, University of

240

College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Summer 2012  

E-print Network

College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Summer 2012 To qualify for the Dean's List, students Elora Nicole Salway Physics-Astronomy Colby Nicholas Bates Computer Science Ryan Stanford Baxter Computer Science Nicole Calais England Biochemistry Stephen Dale Erickson Physics Matthew Thomas Gochis

Hart, Gus

241

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL THERAPY AND HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCES  

E-print Network

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL THERAPY AND HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCES NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Feinberg School by the Department of Physical Therapy and Human Movement Sciences Northwestern University, Feinberg School of the Department of Physical Therapy and Human Movement Sciences of Northwestern University's Feinberg School

Chisholm, Rex L.

242

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Spring 2013 To qualify for the Dean Benjamin Alexander deLeon Computer Science Lingrui Duan Statistics Stephen Dale Erickson Physics Christian Hales Physics and Astronomy Lily-Anne Hamill Computer Science Chelsea Heiner Statistics Darcie

Hart, Gus

243

PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES ACADEMIC PERSONNEL/PAYROLL UNIT ASSIGNMENTS  

E-print Network

PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES ACADEMIC PERSONNEL/PAYROLL UNIT ASSIGNMENTS Updated: 11 & PLANETARY SCIENCES INSTITUTE OF GEOPHYSICS AND PLANETARY PHYSICS (IGPP) (CSIDE/CDELSI/CODEP/CRS) Pat Gross Deb Millward OCEAN SCIENCES Kristin Mott Joan Rosebraugh Deb Millward PHYSICS SC INSTITUTE

California at Santa Cruz, University of

244

Larry A. Nagahara, Ph.D. | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Dr. Nagahara is Director of the Office of Physical Sciences-Oncology in the Center for Strategic Scientific Initiatives (CSSI), National Cancer Institute (NCI), where he coordinates and directs program and research activities related to expanding the role of the physical sciences in cancer research, including the Physical Sciences-Oncology Centers (PS-OC) Program.

245

Accelerators | Photon Science | Particle Physics Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron  

E-print Network

Accelerators | Photon Science | Particle Physics Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron A Research Centre/m) Accelerator Research DESY DESY is one of the world's leading research centres for photon science, particle science, particle physics and atto-second science. The position of a senior scientist in accelerator

246

Accelerators | Photon Science | Particle Physics Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron  

E-print Network

Accelerators | Photon Science | Particle Physics Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron A Research Centre science, particle physics and atto-second science. The position of a tenure track scientist in accelerator and XFEL · Study realistic applications of new accelerator technologies for photon science and particle

247

Research frontiers in the physical sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As a prestigious generalist journal with a high scholarly reputation and a long influential history, the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (Series A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences), is an ideal vehicle for charting research frontiers across the physical sciences. It is the world's longest running scientific journal, and all issues since its foundation in 1665 are archived electronically by JSTOR in the USA (see http://www.jstor.org/) and are accessible through most university libraries. This archive gives facsimile access, and search facilities, to the works of many famous scientists. In this brief editorial I give first an introduction to the special Christmas issues by young scientists, followed by an overview of the fields covered.

Thompson, J. M. T.

2002-12-01

248

Developing the Learning Physical Science Curriculum: Adapting a Small Enrollment, Laboratory and Discussion Based Physical Science Course for Large Enrollments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We report on the adaptation of the small enrollment, lab and discussion based physical science course, "Physical Science and Everyday Thinking" (PSET), for a large-enrollment, lecture-style setting. Like PSET, the new "Learning Physical Science" (LEPS) curriculum was designed around specific principles based on research on learning to meet the…

Goldberg, Fred; Price, Edward; Robinson, Stephen; Boyd-Harlow, Danielle; McKean, Michael

2012-01-01

249

The Effect of Question Order on Responses to Multiple-choice Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper, presented at the 2002 Physics Education Research Conference, investigates how the order of two related FCI questions (#13 and 14) affects students' responses. This study also investigates the effect an unrelated FCI question (#23) has on answers to the above problems. Four versions of a survey were administered before and after instruction to 243 students taking an algebra-based physics class. Versions 1 and 2 of the survey included the related physics questions in opposite order. Versions 3 and 4 included the unrelated physics question and one of the above questions. Student responses for the four versions were compared for both the pre- and post-instruction surveys.

Gray, Kara E.; Rebello, N. S.; Zollman, Dean A.

2006-12-06

250

The Effect of Question Order on Responses to Multiple-choice Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper, presented at the 2002 Physics Education Research Conference, investigates how the order of two related FCI questions (#13 and 14) affects students' responses. This study also investigates the effect an unrelated FCI question (#23) has on answers to the above problems. Four versions of a survey were administered before and after instruction to 243 students taking an algebra-based physics class. Versions 1 and 2 of the survey included the related physics questions in opposite order. Versions 3 and 4 included the unrelated physics question and one of the above questions. Student responses for the four versions were compared for both the pre- and post-instruction surveys.

Gray, Kara; Rebello, Sanjay; Zollman, Dean

2010-12-02

251

Using Environmental Science as a Motivational Tool to Teach Physics to Non-Science Majors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A traditional physical science course was transformed into an environmental physical science course to teach physics to non-science majors. The objective of the new course was to improve the learning of basic physics principles by applying them to current issues of interest. A new curriculum was developed with new labs, homework assignments,…

Busch, Hauke C.

2010-01-01

252

Publisher: Department of Biological Physics Institute of Physics, Faculty of Science, Etvs University Budapest  

E-print Network

#12;#12;Publisher: Department of Biological Physics Institute of Physics, Faculty of Science Physics Research Group of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. There is a continuous strong connection The Department of Biological Physics was created in January 1998. By doing so, the physics community

Müller, Viktor

253

Linking neuroscientific research on decision making to the educational context of novice students assigned to a multiple-choice scientific task involving common misconceptions about electrical circuits.  

PubMed

Functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to identify the brain-based mechanisms of uncertainty and certainty associated with answers to multiple-choice questions involving common misconceptions about electric circuits. Twenty-two scientifically novice participants (humanities and arts college students) were asked, in an fMRI study, whether or not they thought the light bulbs in images presenting electric circuits were lighted up correctly, and if they were certain or uncertain of their answers. When participants reported that they were unsure of their responses, analyses revealed significant activations in brain areas typically involved in uncertainty (anterior cingulate cortex, anterior insula cortex, and superior/dorsomedial frontal cortex) and in the left middle/superior temporal lobe. Certainty was associated with large bilateral activations in the occipital and parietal regions usually involved in visuospatial processing. Correct-and-certain answers were associated with activations that suggest a stronger mobilization of visual attention resources when compared to incorrect-and-certain answers. These findings provide insights into brain-based mechanisms of uncertainty that are activated when common misconceptions, identified as such by science education research literature, interfere in decision making in a school-like task. We also discuss the implications of these results from an educational perspective. PMID:24478680

Potvin, Patrice; Turmel, Elaine; Masson, Steve

2014-01-01

254

Physical Sciences Research Priorities and Plans in OBPR  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents viewgraphs of physical sciences research priorities and plans at the Office of Biological and Physical Sciences Research (OBPR). The topics include: 1) Sixth Microgravity Fluid Physics and Transport Phenomena Conference; 2) Beneficial Characteristics of the Space Environment; 3) Windows of Opportunity for Research Derived from Microgravity; 4) Physical Sciences Research Program; 5) Fundamental Research: Space-based Results and Ground-based Applications; 6) Nonlinear Oscillations; and 7) Fundamental Research: Applications to Mission-Oriented Research.

Trinh, Eugene

2002-01-01

255

Instructor Perspectives of Multiple-Choice Questions in Summative Assessment for Novice Programmers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning to program is known to be difficult for novices. High attrition and high failure rates in foundation-level programming courses undertaken at tertiary level in Computer Science programs, are commonly reported. A common approach to evaluating novice programming ability is through a combination of formative and summative assessments, with…

Shuhidan, Shuhaida; Hamilton, Margaret; D'Souza, Daryl

2010-01-01

256

Rockets: Physical science teacher's guide with activities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This guide begins with background information sections on the history of rocketry, scientific principles, and practical rocketry. The sections on scientific principles and practical rocketry are based on Isaac Newton's three laws of motion. These laws explain why rockets work and how to make them more efficient. The background sections are followed with a series of physical science activities that demonstrate the basic science of rocketry. Each activity is designed to be simple and take advantage of inexpensive materials. Construction diagrams, materials and tools lists, and instructions are included. A brief discussion elaborates on the concepts covered in the activities and is followed with teaching notes and discussion questions. The guide concludes with a glossary of terms, suggested reading list, NASA educational resources, and an evaluation questionnaire with a mailer.

Vogt, Gregory L.; Rosenberg, Carla R. (editor)

1993-01-01

257

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Spring 2014 To qualify for the Dean/term. Name Major Merrill Asp Physics and Astronomy Bryn Balls Barker Mathematics David Beesley Computer Science Matthew Bray Computer Science Emily Brown Chemistry and Biochemistry Matthew Brown Mathematics

Hart, Gus

258

The study of student misunderstandings in the physical sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The, apparently widespread, reduction in the popularity of physical science courses, at both secondary and tertiary levels, has had a number of effects. Attempts by schools to provide a broadly attractive programme in the sciences seem to have reduced the amount of time spent on the physical sciences. Moreover, the introduction of applied and technological aspects, however desirable, within a

J. K. Gilbert

1977-01-01

259

Nurses' understanding of physical science in nursing practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

When science educators teach nurses, their primary aim should be to help them to developunderstanding of their world of nursing. From a study of registered nurses' conceptions of the physical science underlying their clinical practice, we assert that nurses' understanding of the physical sciences is inadequate in terms of the competencies required of them as nurses. Rather than respond to

Lesley M. Wilkes; Judith E. Batts

1998-01-01

260

Differences between physical and social sciences in university graduate departments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The greater articulation of scientific fields with well-developed paradigms — in Kuhn's sense of the term — is viewed as facilitating scientific activities within those fields. Contrasting two physical science with two social science fields, earlier research reported greater consensus in the physical sciences, greater willingness to work with graduate students, and large advantages in research support and funding as

Janice Beyer Lodahl; Gerald Gordon

1973-01-01

261

Reforming the Education Program for Physical Science Teachers in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on reforms of the science education program for prospective physical science teachers in Taiwan and examines their impact on these teachers. The reforms include restructuring the courses in physical science methods, and requiring all prospective teachers to do action research during their one-year full-time teaching practice.…

She, Hsiao-Ching

2004-01-01

262

High-Energy Physics The science of matter,  

E-print Network

High-Energy Physics The science of matter, space and time INTERACTIONS #12;#12;The science of matter, space and time High Energy Physics is the Science of Interactions s "Since we (and everything in the universe) are made mostly of empty space, and even particles of matter are just vibrating chunks of energy

Quigg, Chris

263

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Mathematics James Ralph Pacheco Physics Udip Pant Computer Science David Jackson Perkins Physics Michael Call Mathematics Elissa Cardon Chemistry Joseph Michael Cardon Chemistry Alena Min-Yiu Chiou Mathematics Caleb J Brian Lafayette Davis Computer Science Name Major Anna England Actuarial Science Michael Richard

Hart, Gus

264

The Idaho Plan for Education in Physical Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a statewide co-operative College-School Science Program (NSF supported) using Introductory Physical Science as a means to improve physical science teaching in grades 8 and 9. Teachers received summer and inservice training regarding I.P.S. inquiry methods, and behavioral objectives. (LS)

Browne, Michael E.

1971-01-01

265

Web-Delivered Conceptual Physical Science Course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the results of our efforts to incorporate the latest developments in Web technology and pedagogical techniques into an introductory conceptual physical science course. The course is a freshman general education course which teaches principles of physics, chemistry, and geology. The work combines the efforts from faculty in each of these departments. Web presentation of the material uses email, FLASH, Java applets, Director animations, electronic quizzes with remedial correction, and digital video. The frustrations and the thrills that go with developing such a course are discussed and examples of lessons which incorporate the philosophy of the course and our pedagogical approach are shown. We have tested a sample of these lessons in two sections of the class alternating between web-based and paper-based assignments in each section. We present student reactions to using these resources and a statistical assessment of how they influenced student learning.

Turley, R. Steven; Hatch, Dorian; Boerio-Goates, Juliana; Griffen, Dana; Mason, Grant; Hendrix, Suzanne

1999-10-01

266

Chapter 4. Multiple Choice Concept Tests: The Force Concept Inventory (FCI)  

E-print Network

In the early 1980s, McDermott,1 Viennot,2 and other physics education researchers3, 4 found that each student similar to the FCI that looks at a smaller set of concepts and makes heavy use of graphical and pictorial

Maryland at College Park, University of

267

Test of Understanding of Vectors: A Reliable Multiple-Choice Vector Concept Test  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we discuss the findings of our research on students' understanding of vector concepts in problems without physical context. First, we develop a complete taxonomy of the most frequent errors made by university students when learning vector concepts. This study is based on the results of several test administrations of…

Barniol, Pablo; Zavala, Genaro

2014-01-01

268

Roadmap: Physics Applied Physics -Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-APHY  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physics ­ Applied Physics - Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-APHY] College of the Arts and Sciences Department of Physics Catalog Year: 2013-2014 Page 1 of 3 | Last Updated: 27-Sept-13/LNHD and 11022 may be bypassed with sufficient background PHY 12000 Introductory Physics Seminar 1 PHY 23101

Sheridan, Scott

269

Roadmap: Physics Applied Physics -Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-APHY  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physics ­ Applied Physics - Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-APHY] College of the Arts and Sciences Department of Physics Catalog Year: 2012-2013 Page 1 of 3 | Last Updated: 22-Mar-12/LNHD and 11022 may be bypassed with sufficient background PHY 12000 Introductory Physics Seminar 1 PHY 23101

Sheridan, Scott

270

Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

209 Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Chair F. Barry Dunning Professors / Physics and Astronomy All physics majors must complete the following courses: PHYS 101 or 111 Mechanics Modern Physics PHYS 231 Elementary Physics Laboratory II PHYS 301 Intermediate Mechanics MATH 101

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

271

Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

233 Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Chair F. Barry Dunning Professors of Physics and Astronomy offers undergraduate and graduate programs for a wide range of interests. The bachelor of arts degrees in physics and in #12;234 DEPARTMENTS / Physics and Astronomy All physics majors

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

272

Bachelor of Science, Physics, 2014-2015 Name ID# Date  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Science, Physics, 2014-2015 Name ID# Date General Degree Requirements Residency: Total 170 Calculus I 4 DLN PHYS 211, 211L Physics I with Calculus & Lab 5 DLN PHYS 212, 212L Physics II with Calculus & Lab 5 DLV Visual and Performing Arts 3 DLL Literature and Humanities 3-4 DLS Social Sciences

Barrash, Warren

273

Nanoscale Physics The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

249 Nanoscale Physics The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Degrees Offered: MS Rice University, and marketing of new science-based products. Degree Requirements for the MS in Nanoscale Physics In addition introduced the professional master's degree in nanoscale physics in fall 2002. This program combines a strong

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

274

College of Health Sciences Department of Physical Therapy  

E-print Network

College of Health Sciences Department of Physical Therapy 3 Solomont Way, Suite 5 Lowell, Massachusetts 01854-5124 tel.: 978.934.4517 fax : 978.934.3006 web site: http://www.uml.edu/health-sciences/PT/ Doctor of Physical Therapy Program Program Mission The mission of the Department of Physical Therapy

Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

275

Bachelor of Science, Physics, 2013-2014 Name ID# Date  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Science, Physics, 2013-2014 Name ID# Date General Degree Requirements Residency: Total 170 Calculus I 4 DLN PHYS 211, 211L Physics I with Calculus & Lab 5 DLN PHYS 212, 212L Physics II with Calculus & Lab 5 DLV Visual and Performing Arts 3 DLL Literature and Humanities 3-4 DLS Social Sciences

Barrash, Warren

276

Bachelor of Science, Physics, 2012-2013 Name ID# Date  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Science, Physics, 2012-2013 Name ID# Date General Degree Requirements Residency: Total 170 Calculus I 4 DLN PHYS 211, 211L Physics I with Calculus & Lab 5 DLN PHYS 212, 212L Physics II with Calculus & Lab 5 DLV Visual and Performing Arts 3 DLL Literature and Humanities 3-4 DLS Social Sciences

Barrash, Warren

277

Accelerators | Photon Science | Particle Physics Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron  

E-print Network

Accelerators | Photon Science | Particle Physics Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron A Research CentreD-Students (f/m) DESY DESY is one of the world's leading research centres for photon science, particle and astroparticle physics as well as accelerator physics. The Photo Injector Test Facility PITZ in Zeuthen (near

278

Physical and psychosocial aspects of science laboratory learning environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports a survey which was conducted in order to determine teachers’ and students’ perception of science laboratory learning environment schools in Malaysia and to compare their perceptions regarding the physical and psychosocial aspects. Teachers’ and students’ perception on psychosocial aspects were measured by using Science Laboratory Environment Inventory (SLEI) while perception on physical aspects was measured using Physical

Che Nidzam Che Ahmad; Kamisah Osman; Lilia Halim

2010-01-01

279

Scope and Sequence. Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, Earth and Space Sciences. A Summer Curriculum Development Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a booklet containing scope and sequence charts for kindergarten and grades 1 to 6 science units. Overviews and lists of major concepts for units in the life, physical, and earth/space sciences are provided in tables for each grade level. Also presented are seven complete units, one for each grade level. Following a table of contents,…

Cortland-Madison Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Cortland, NY.

280

Standards of research publication: Differences between the physical sciences and the social sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines differences in standards of research publications between the physical sciences and the social sciences. The results of the first two hypotheses tested indicate that the predominant form of publication in the physical sciences are articles, whereas books predominate in the social sciences. Furthermore, differences were found in the relevant dimension of publication between faculties in more prestigious

Yoram Neumann

1977-01-01

281

Nuclear Physics Science Network Requirements Workshop, May 2008 - Final Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is the primary provider of network connectivity for the US Department of Energy Office of Science, the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States of America. In support of the Office of Science programs, ESnet regularly updates and refreshes its understanding of the networking requirements of the instruments,

Tierney; Brian L; Dart; Eli; Rich Carlson; Vince Dattoria; Michael Ernest; Daniel Hitchcock; William Johnston; Andy Kowalski; Jerome Lauret; Charles Maguire; Douglas Olson; Martin Purschke; Gulshan Rai; Chip Watson; Carla Vale

2008-01-01

282

International Solar-Terrestrial Physics Science Initiative  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the European Space Agency (ESA), and the Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS) of Japan have collaborated to make available the International Solar-Terrestrial Physics (ISTP) Science Initiative. The ISTP Science initiative has five primary objectives. For example, the initiative seeks to "determine structure and dynamics in the solar interior and their role in driving solar activity." Sections included at the Website are What is the Sun-Earth Connection, Mission Connection, and What's New. Furthermore, the What is the Sun-Earth Connection section is subdivided into sections such as What is Geospace (the space in between the Earth and the Sun), Studying the Invisible Realm, and Hot Pics and Cool Movies. Spectacular colorful images of Northern and Southern Lights from Earth and Space, Sun Spotting, Images of Earth from Space, Space Weather, and movies showing comets flying into the sun, solar eclipses, and solar tornadoes are presented in the Hot Pics and Cool Movies section.

1969-12-31

283

ASTRONOMY BIOLOGY CHEMISTRY COMPUTER-SCIENCE GEOGRAPHY MATHEMATICS PHYSICS STATISTICS  

E-print Network

ASTRONOMY BIOLOGY CHEMISTRY COMPUTER-SCIENCE GEOGRAPHY MATHEMATICS PHYSICS STATISTICS HEALTHCARE BIOMEDICAL-ENGINEERING ELECTRONIC- ENGINEERING ASTRONOMY BIOLOGY CHEMISTRY COMPUTER-SCIENCE GEOGRAPHY HEALTHCARE BIOMEDICAL-ENGINEERING ELECTRONIC-ENGINEERING ASTRONOMY BIOLOGY CHEMISTRY COMPUTER

Bernstein, Phil

284

HEALTHCARE SCIENCES Physical & Occupational Therapy, Cytotechnology, Dental Hygiene,  

E-print Network

HEALTHCARE SCIENCES Physical & Occupational Therapy, Cytotechnology, Dental Hygiene, Health Geriatrics Sports Medicine Orthopedics Neurology Cardiopulminary Hospitals Clinics Home healthcare agencies;EMPLOYERSAREAS (Healthcare Sciences, Page 2) STRATEGIES/INFORMATION Hospitals (including psychiatric

New Hampshire, University of

285

RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science Strong Correlation Physics Division  

E-print Network

Matter Theory Research Team Computational Quantum Matter Research Team First-Principles Materials Science Research Unit Emergent Superstructure Research Unit Emergent Computational Physics Research Unit Emergent Physics Research Group Strong Correlation Theory Research Group Strong Correlation Interface Research

Fukai, Tomoki

286

Katrina I. Theisz, M.S. | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Katrina joined the Office of Physical Sciences-Oncology in October 2011. Ms. Theisz's responsibilities and interests span a wide range of specialties including travel coordination for large events, workshop logistics, program evaluation, the science of team science, and social media. Ms. Theisz received her masters of science in mental health counseling from Pace University, and her bachelors of science in psychology at York College of Pennsylvania.

287

Roadmap: Physical Therapist Assistant Technology Associate of Applied Science  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physical Therapist Assistant Technology ­ Associate of Applied Science [RE graduation. Note 1: Practicum under the supervision of licensed physical therapy personnel in a Physical 10001 Principles of Patient Care in Physical Therapy 4 C BSCI 11010 Anatomy and Physiology I for Allied

Sheridan, Scott

288

Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

412 Solid-state Physics PHYS 425 Statistical and Thermal Physics PHYS 491/492 Undergraduate Research 239 Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, BS, MST, MS physics majors must complete the fol- lowing courses: PHYS 101 or 111 Mechanics (with Lab) PHYS 102 or 112

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

289

faculty of engineering and physical sciences School of Physics and Astronomy  

E-print Network

faculty of engineering and physical sciences School of Physics and Astronomy Visit/Interview Day into the School of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Manchester. The School receives approximately 1200 of Physics at Astronomy at the University of Manchester. #12;welcome Welcome to the School of Physics

290

Graphene: from materials science to particle physics  

E-print Network

Since its discovery in 2004, graphene, a two-dimensional hexagonal carbon allotrope, has generated great interest and spurred research activity from materials science to particle physics and vice versa. In particular, graphene has been found to exhibit outstanding electronic and mechanical properties, as well as an unusual low-energy spectrum of Dirac quasiparticles giving rise to a fractional quantum Hall effect when freely suspended and immersed in a magnetic field. One of the most intriguing puzzles of graphene involves the low-temperature conductivity at zero density, a central issue in the design of graphene-based nanoelectronic components. While suspended graphene experiments have shown a trend reminiscent of semiconductors, with rising resistivity at low temperatures, most theories predict a constant or even decreasing resistivity. However, lattice field theory calculations have revealed that suspended graphene is at or near the critical coupling for excitonic gap formation due to strong Coulomb interactions, which suggests a simple and straightforward explanation for the experimental data. In this contribution we review the current status of the field with emphasis on the issue of gap formation, and outline recent progress and future points of contact between condensed matter physics and Lattice QCD.

Joaquín E. Drut; Timo A. Lähde; Eero Tölö

2010-11-02

291

Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Department of Physics  

E-print Network

Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Department of Physics Imperial College London living in your constituency, and a physics teacher and researcher, at Imperial College London to bring to your attention the looming crisis facing the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC

Crowther, Paul

292

Accelerators | Photon Science | Particle Physics Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron  

E-print Network

Accelerators | Photon Science | Particle Physics Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron A Research Centre develops, builds and operates large accelerator facilities for photon science and particle physics of the Helmholtz Association ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS· DESY, Zeuthen location, is seeking: Scientist (f/m) DESY DESY

293

Powerful Ideas in Physical Science: A Course Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Powerful Ideas in Physical Science (PIPS) is a preservice curriculum that provides modules for physical science courses designed for elementary education majors. Because the courses are built on the learning cycle approach, students develop concepts from activities and then apply this conceptual knowledge. A summative evaluation done by Horizon…

Ukens, Leon; Hein, Warren W.; Johnson, Patsy Ann; Layman, John W.

2004-01-01

294

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Summer 2011 To qualify for the Dean Aaron Michael Carlson Chemistry Molly Anne Clemens Biochemistry Bryce Thomas Cook Actuarial Science Berg Daniel Dodson Physics Devin Brent Gerrard Mathematics Melissa Jane Giroux Mathematics Schuyler Nicholas

Hart, Gus

295

School of Physical Sciences Update Bigger, better & brighter than ever.  

E-print Network

Materials, Applied Optics, Forensic Imaging and Astrophysics & Planetary Science. We are extremely proud of Physics with a Year in Industry in 2015/16. Forensic Science intake continues to be high, with student, which sits well alongside physics and forensics. We will have a conservatively estimated 100 students

Banaji,. Murad

296

Accelerating at Maryland Engineering, Computer Science, Mathematics, and Physics  

E-print Network

Accelerating at Maryland Engineering, Computer Science, Mathematics, and Physics The Engineering, Computer Science, Mathematics and Physics programs at the University of Maryland, College Park are all of Maryland has what you're looking for. While many high school students plan ahead for the college admission

Lathrop, Daniel P.

297

Physics. Student Investigations and Readings. Investigations in Natural Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigations in Natural Science is a program in secondary school biology, chemistry, and physics based upon the description of science as a quest for knowledge, not the knowledge itself. This student manual contains the 36 physics investigations which focus on concepts related to: movement; vectors; falling objects; force and acceleration; a…

Renner, John W.; And Others

298

Evolutionary Dynamics in Cancer Therapy | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Participants of this Strategic Workshop included experts from oncology, evolutionary biology, and physical sciences to explore the view that cancer is a heterogeneous and adaptive disease that must be examined as a dynamic system across all length and time scales. Presentations focused on physical sciences tools and approaches that use evolutionary dynamics to model and predict the response of dynamic systems to perturbations.

299

Accelerators | Photon Science | Particle Physics Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron  

E-print Network

Accelerators | Photon Science | Particle Physics Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron A Research Centre of the Helmholtz Association PARTICLE PHYSICS· DESY has openings for: DESY-Fellowships (f/m) DESY DESY is one accelerators and detectors for photon science and particle physics. The position Fellows in experimental

300

Accelerators | Photon Science | Particle Physics Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron  

E-print Network

Accelerators | Photon Science | Particle Physics Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron A Research Centre of the Helmholtz Association PARTICLE PHYSICS· DESY has openings for: DESY-Fellowships (f/m) DESY DESY is one of the world's leading research centres for photon science, particle and astroparticle physics as well

301

University of Tennessee Health Science Center Department of Physical Therapy  

E-print Network

University of Tennessee Health Science Center Department of Physical Therapy GRADUATE PROGRAM-served basis. Fee must accompany application. Make check payable to "University of Tennessee." NAME (print instructor for students in the physical therapy program at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Cui, Yan

302

Science Fiction Stories with Good Astronomy & Physics: A Topical Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a selective list of some short stories and novels that use more or less accurate science. They can be used for teaching or reinforcing astronomy or physics concepts. Both traditional "science-fiction" and (occasionally) more serious fiction that derives meaning or plot from astronomy or physics ideas are included. Almost 200 stories in 40 subject categories are listed.

Fraknoi, Andrew

2004-07-16

303

Master of Science in Earth, Environmental, and Physical Sciences Planet Earth consists of interacting systems -the  

E-print Network

Master of Science in Earth, Environmental, and Physical Sciences Planet Earth consists activities. The Masters program in Earth, Environmental, and Physical Sciences (EEPS) at Wichita State foundation of life on Earth and human societies. These systems are changing rapidly due to diverse human

304

Physical Change. Learning in Science Project. Working Paper No. 26.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One area explored in the second (in-depth) phase of the Learning in Science Project was "children's science," defined as views of the world and the meanings for words that children have and bring with them to science lessons. The investigation reported focuses on students' (N=43) views of physical change associated with boiling, melting,…

Cosgrove, Mark; Osborne, Roger

305

Pre-Service Physics Teachers' Conceptions of Nature of Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding of NOS (nature of science) appears as a prerequisite of a scientifically literate person. Promoting adequate understanding of NOS in pre-service physics teachers is, therefore, an important task of science educators. Before doing that, science educators must have information concerning their pre-service teachers' conceptions of NOS.…

Buaraphan, Khajornsak

2011-01-01

306

The Influence of Accelerator Science on Physics Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We evaluate accelerator science in the context of its contributions to the physics community. We address the problem of quantifying these contributions and present a scheme for a numerical evaluation of them. We show by using a statistical sample of important developments in modern physics that accelerator science has influenced 28% of post-1938 physicists and also 28% of post-1938 physics research. We also examine how the influence of accelerator science has evolved over time, and show that on average it has contributed to a physics Nobel Prize-winning research every 2.9 years.

Haussecker, Enzo F.; Chao, Alexander W.

2011-06-01

307

Influences of Item Content and Format on the Dimensionality of Tests Combining Multiple-Choice and Open-Response Items: An Application of the Poly-DIMTEST Procedure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The DIMTEST statistical procedure was used in a confirmatory manner to explore the dimensionality structures of three kinds of achievement tests: multiple-choice tests, constructed-response tests, and tests combining both formats. The DIMTEST procedure is based on estimating conditional covariances of the responses to the item pairs. The analysis…

Perkhounkova, Yelena; Dunbar, Stephen B.

308

Effects of Writing-Related Contingencies on Both Quality of Writing and Multiple-Choice Exam Performance in Large College Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students (N = 158) in three sections of an undergraduate educational psychology course equivalent in content and assessment procedures completed five-min writing quizzes over assigned subject matter at the beginning of most class sessions. The study compared the effects of three separate writing contingencies on writing scores and multiple-choice

Krohn, Katherine R.; Parker, Megan R.; Foster, Lisa N.; Aspiranti, Kathleen B.; McCleary, Daniel F.; Williams, Robert L.

2008-01-01

309

Using a Theorem by Andersen and the Dichotomous Rasch Model to Assess the Presence of Random Guessing in Multiple Choice Items  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Andersen (1995, 2002) proves a theorem relating variances of parameter estimates from samples and subsamples and shows its use as an adjunct to standard statistical analyses. The authors show an application where the theorem is central to the hypothesis tested, namely, whether random guessing to multiple choice items affects their estimates in the…

Andrich, David; Marais, Ida; Humphry, Stephen

2012-01-01

310

Does Linking Mixed-Format Tests Using a Multiple-Choice Anchor Produce Comparable Results for Male and Female Subgroups? Research Report. ETS RR-11-44  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the use of subpopulation invariance indices to evaluate the appropriateness of using a multiple-choice (MC) item anchor in mixed-format tests, which include both MC and constructed-response (CR) items. Linking functions were derived in the nonequivalent groups with anchor test (NEAT) design using an MC-only anchor set for 4…

Kim, Sooyeon; Walker, Michael E.

2011-01-01

311

Comment on Effect Size Estimation for One-Sample Multiple-Choice-Type Data: Design, Analysis, and Meta-Analysis by Rosenthal and Rubin (1989)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rosenthal and Rubin proposed a measure of effect size for multiple-choice data that adjusts for differences in percentage correct due to different numbers of response alternatives. The adjustment is based on a logit model. Under an alternative simple guessing model, the appropriate adjustment can differ considerably, and the 2 models lead to radically different prescriptions for study design. Adoption of

Juliet Popper Shaffer

1991-01-01

312

A Clarification of the Effects of Rapid Guessing on Coefficient [Alpha]: A Note on Attali's "Reliability of Speeded Number-Right Multiple-Choice Tests"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attali (2005) recently demonstrated that Cronbach's coefficient [alpha] estimate of reliability for number-right multiple-choice tests will tend to be deflated by speededness, rather than inflated as is commonly believed and taught. Although the methods, findings, and conclusions of Attali (2005) are correct, his article may inadvertently invite a…

Wise, Steven L.; DeMars, Christine E.

2009-01-01

313

Measuring the Consistency in Change in Hepatitis B Knowledge among Three Different Types of Tests: True/False, Multiple Choice, and Fill in the Blanks Tests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recall of information about Hepatitis B demonstrated by 180 seventh graders was tested with three test types: (1) short-answer; (2) true/false; and (3) multiple-choice. Short answer testing was the most reliable. Suggestions are made for the use of short-answer tests in evaluating student knowledge. (SLD)

Sahai, Vic; Demeyere, Petra; Poirier, Sheila; Piro, Felice

1998-01-01

314

Research Misconduct and the Physical Sciences  

SciTech Connect

Research misconduct includes the fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism (FFP) of concepts or ideas; some institutions have expanded this concept to include ''other serious deviations (OSD) from accepted research practice.'' An action can be evaluated as research misconduct if it involves activities unique to the practice of science and could negatively affect the scientific record. Although the number of cases of research misconduct is uncertain (formal records are kept only by the NIH and the NSF), the costs are high in integrity of the scientific record, diversions from research to investigate allegations, ruined careers of those eventually exonerated, and erosion of public confidence in science. Currently, research misconduct policies vary from institution to institution and from government agency to government agency; some have highly developed guidelines that include OSD, others have no guidelines at ail. One result has been that the federal False Claims Act has been used to pursue allegations of research misconduct and have them adjudicated in the federal court, rather than being judged by scientific peers. The federal government will soon establish a first-ever research misconduct policy that would apply to all research funded by the federal government regardless of what agency funded the research or whether the research was carried out in a government, industrial or university laboratory. Physical scientists, who up to now have only infrequently been the subject or research misconduct allegations, must none-the-less become active in the debate over research misconduct policies and how they are implemented since they will now be explicitly covered by this new federal wide policy.

HM Kerch; JJ Dooley

1999-10-11

315

Physical Science Workshops for Teachers Using Interactive Science Exhibits.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses workshops featuring an interactive exhibit program for elementary science teachers. Science is learned in an inquiry-based mode and science teaching props are developed. Describes the interactive science exhibits, needs assessment, and workshop programs. Provides evaluation results of the workshop. (YP)

Sukow, Wayne W.

1990-01-01

316

The physical science behind climate change  

SciTech Connect

For a scientist studying climate change, 'eureka' moments are unusually rare. Instead progress is generally made by a painstaking piecing together of evidence from every new temperature measurement, satellite sounding or climate-model experiment. Data get checked and rechecked, ideas tested over and over again. Do the observations fit the predicted changes? Could there be some alternative explanation? Good climate scientists, like all good scientists, want to ensure that the highest standards of proof apply to everything they discover. And the evidence of change has mounted as climate records have grown longer, as our understanding of the climate system has improved and as climate models have become ever more reliable. Over the past 20 years, evidence that humans are affecting the climate has accumulated inexorably, and with it has come ever greater certainty across the scientific community in the reality of recent climate change and the potential for much greater change in the future. This increased certainty is starkly reflected in the latest report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the fourth in a series of assessments of the state of knowledge on the topic, written and reviewed by hundreds of scientists worldwide. The panel released a condensed version of the first part of the report, on the physical science basis of climate change, in February. Called the 'Summary for Policymakers,' it delivered to policymakers and ordinary people alike an unambiguous message: scientists are more confident than ever that humans have interfered with the climate and that further human-induced climate change is on the way. Although the report finds that some of these further changes are now inevitable, its analysis also confirms that the future, particularly in the longer term, remains largely in our hands--the magnitude of expected change depends on what humans choose to do about greenhouse gas emissions. The physical science assessment focuses on four topics: drivers of climate change, changes observed in the climate system, understanding cause-and-effect relationships, and projection of future changes. Important advances in research into all these areas have occurred since the IPCC assessment in 2001. In the pages that follow, we lay out the key findings that document the extent of change and that point to the unavoidable conclusion that human activity is driving it.

Collins, William; Collins, William; Colman, Robert; Haywood, James; Manning, Martin R.; Mote, Philip

2007-07-01

317

Identification of technical item flaws leads to improvement of the quality of single best Multiple Choice Questions  

PubMed Central

Objective: The purpose of the study was to identify technical item flaws in the multiple choice questions submitted for the final exams for the years 2009, 2010 and 2011. Methods: This descriptive analytical study was carried out in Islamic International Medical College (IIMC). The Data was collected from the MCQ’s submitted by the faculty for the final exams for the year 2009, 2010 and 2011. The data was compiled and evaluated by a three member assessment committee. The data was analyzed for frequency and percentages the categorical data was analyzed by chi-square test. Results: Overall percentage of flawed item was 67% for the year 2009 of which 21% were for testwiseness and 40% were for irrelevant difficulty. In year 2010 the total item flaws were 36% and 11% testwiseness and 22% were for irrelevant difficulty. The year 2011 data showed decreased overall flaws of 21%. The flaws of testwisness were 7%, irrelevant difficulty were 11%. Conclusion: Technical item flaws are frequently encountered during MCQ construction, and the identification of flaws leads to improved quality of the single best MCQ’s. PMID:24353614

Fayyaz Khan, Humaira; Farooq Danish, Khalid; Saeed Awan, Azra; Anwar, Masood

2013-01-01

318

The validity of multiple choice practical examinations as an alternative to traditional free response examination formats in gross anatomy.  

PubMed

Traditionally, an anatomy practical examination is conducted using a free response format (FRF). However, this format is resource-intensive, as it requires a relatively large time investment from anatomy course faculty in preparation and grading. Thus, several interventions have been reported where the response format was changed to a selected response format (SRF). However, validity evidence from those interventions has not proved entirely adequate for the practical anatomy examination, and thus, further investigation was required. In this study, the validity evidence of SRF was examined using multiple choice questions (MCQs) constructed according to different levels of Bloom's taxonomy in comparison with the traditional free response format. A group of 100 medical students registered in a gross anatomy course volunteered to be enrolled in this study. The experimental MCQ examinations were part of graded midterm and final steeplechase practical examination. Volunteer students were instructed to complete the practical examinations twice, once in each of two separate examination rooms. The two separate examinations consisted of a traditional free response format and MCQ format. Scores from the two examinations (FRF and MCQ) displayed a strong correlation, even with higher level Bloom's taxonomy questions. In conclusion, the results of this study provide empirical evidence that the SRF (MCQ) response format is a valid method and can be used as an alternative to the traditional FRF steeplechase examination. PMID:23109285

Shaibah, Hassan Sami; van der Vleuten, Cees P M

2013-01-01

319

A comparative analysis of multiple-choice and student performance-task assessment in the high school biology classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study compared the performance of high school students on laboratory assessments. Thirty-four high school students who were enrolled in the second semester of a regular biology class or had completed the biology course the previous semester participated in this study. They were randomly assigned to examinations of two formats, performance-task and traditional multiple-choice, from two content areas, using a compound light microscope and diffusion. Students were directed to think-aloud as they performed the assessments. Additional verbal data were obtained during interviews following the assessment. The tape-recorded narrative data were analyzed for type and diversity of knowledge and skill categories, and percentage of in-depth processing demonstrated. While overall mean scores on the assessments were low, elicited statements provided additional insight into student cognition. Results indicated that a greater diversity of knowledge and skill categories was elicited by the two microscope assessments and by the two performance-task assessments. In addition, statements demonstrating in-depth processing were coded most frequently in narratives elicited during clinical interviews following the diffusion performance-task assessment. This study calls for individual teachers to design authentic assessment practices and apply them to daily classroom routines. Authentic assessment should be an integral part of the learning process and not merely an end result. In addition, teachers are encouraged to explicitly identify and model, through think-aloud methods, desired cognitive behaviors in the classroom.

Cushing, Patrick Ryan

320

An Online National Archive of Multiple-Choice Questions for Astro 101 and the Development of the Question Complexity Rubric  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We are developing a national archive of multiple-choice questions for use in the Astronomy 101 classroom. These questions are intended to supplement an instructor's implementation of Think-Pair-Share or for their assessment purposes (i.e., exams and homework). We are also developing the Question Complexity Rubric (QCR) to guide members of the Astro 101 teaching and learning community in assisting us with hierarchically ranking questions in this archive based on their conceptual complexity. Using the QCR, a score is assigned to differentiate each question based on the cognitive steps necessary to comprehensively explain the reasoning pathway to the correct answer. The lowest QCR score is given to questions with a reasoning pathway requiring only declarative knowledge. The highest QCR score is given to questions with a reasoning pathway that requires multiple connected cognitive steps. When completed, the online question archive will provide users with the utility to 1) use the QCR to score questions 2) search for and download questions based on topic and/or QCR score, and 3) add their own questions to the archive. Stop by our poster to test your skills at determining question complexity by trying out the QCR with our sample questions.

Cormier, S.; Prather, E.; Brissenden, G.

2011-09-01

321

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (DFCI PS-OC) will intertwine the physical sciences with cancer biology and oncology by engaging evolutionary theory to address several critical issues concerning modern cancer research. Moreover, this center aspires to institute evolutionary modeling of cancer as a new field of study. To accomplish these goals, the center has brought together an acclaimed group of scientists from the fields of theoretical biology, cancer biology, oncology, physics and engineering.

322

USU 1360 INTEGRATED PHYSICAL SCIENCE So, are we on track for Integrated Physical Science Credit? Some things (in purple) are not a great  

E-print Network

USU 1360 INTEGRATED PHYSICAL SCIENCE So, are we on track for Integrated Physical Science Credit unifying concepts of the physical sciences. Among the topics to be covered will the structure of matter context. CRITERIA FOR APPROVED BREADTH COURSES: PHYSICAL SCIENCES · The course should improve

Allan, Vicki H.

323

Physical properties of graphene (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 28 March 2012)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) devoted to the "Physical properties of graphene" was held on 28 March 2012 in the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute. The agenda of the session announced on the RAS Physical Sciences Division website http://www.gpad.ac.ru included the following reports: (1) Falkovsky L A (Landau Institute of Theoretical Physics, RAS, Moscow; Vereshchagin Institute of High-Pressure Physics, RAS, Moscow) "Magnetooptics of graphene"; (2) Varlamov A A (The University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy) "Thermoelectric properties of graphene." The papers written on the basis of these reports are given below. • Magnetooptics of graphene layers, L A Falkovsky Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 11, Pages 1140-1145 • Anomalous thermoelectric and thermomagnetic properties of graphene, A A Varlamov, A V Kavokin, I A Luk'yanchuk, S G Sharapov Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 11, Pages 1146-1151

2012-11-01

324

Science Library of Test Items. Volume Nineteen. A Collection of Multiple Choice Test Items Relating Mainly to Geology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As one in a series of test item collections developed by the Assessment and Evaluation Unit of the Directorate of Studies, items are made available to teachers for the construction of unit tests or term examinations or as a basis for class discussion. Each collection was reviewed for content validity and reliability. The test items meet syllabus…

New South Wales Dept. of Education, Sydney (Australia).

325

Speculative Physics: the Ontology of Theory and Experiment in High Energy Particle Physics and Science Fiction  

E-print Network

The dissertation brings together approaches across the fields of physics, critical theory, literary studies, philosophy of physics, sociology of science, and history of science to synthesize a hybrid approach for instigating more rigorous and intense cross-disciplinary interrogations between the sciences and the humanities. There are two levels of conversations going on in the dissertation; at the first level, the discussion is centered on a critical historiography and philosophical implications of the discovery Higgs boson in relation to its position at the intersection of old (current) and the potential for new possibilities in quantum physics; I then position my findings on the Higgs boson in connection to the double-slit experiment that represents foundational inquiries into quantum physics, to demonstrate the bridge between fundamental physics and high energy particle physics. The conceptualization of the variants of the double-slit experiment informs the aforementioned critical comparisons. At the second level of the conversation, theories are produced from a close study of the physics objects as speculative engine for new knowledge generation that are then reconceptualized and re-articulated for extrapolation into the speculative ontology of hard science fiction, particularly the hard science fiction written with the double intent of speaking to the science while producing imaginative and socially conscious science through the literary affordances of science fiction. The works of science fiction examined here demonstrate the tension between the internal values of physics in the practice of theory and experiment and questions on ethics, culture, and morality.

Clarissa Ai Ling Lee

2014-06-21

326

Bachelor of Science, Physics, Applied Physics Emphasis, 2014-2015 Name ID# Date  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Science, Physics, Applied Physics Emphasis, 2014-2015 Name ID# Date General Degree and Ethical Foundations 3 DLM MATH 170 Calculus I 4 DLN PHYS 211, 211L Physics I with Calculus & Lab 5 DLN PHYS 212, 212L Physics II with Calculus & Lab 5 DLV Visual and Performing Arts 3 DLL Literature

Barrash, Warren

327

Bachelor of Science, Physics, Applied Physics Emphasis, 2013-2014 Name ID# Date  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Science, Physics, Applied Physics Emphasis, 2013-2014 Name ID# Date General Degree and Ethical Foundations 3 DLM MATH 170 Calculus I 4 DLN PHYS 211, 211L Physics I with Calculus & Lab 5 DLN PHYS 212, 212L Physics II with Calculus & Lab 5 DLV Visual and Performing Arts 3 DLL Literature

Barrash, Warren

328

Job advertisement Faculty 08 (Physics, Mathematics and Computer Science), Institute of Nuclear Physics, has an  

E-print Network

Job advertisement Faculty 08 (Physics, Mathematics and Computer Science), Institute of Nuclear and astroparticle physics, nuclear chemistry and precision physics with ultracold neutrons and ion traps. We Physics, has an opening within the framework of the Cluster of Excellence PRISMA for a University

van Straten, Duco

329

Mathematical and physical ideas for climate science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The climate is a forced and dissipative nonlinear system featuring nontrivial dynamics on a vast range of spatial and temporal scales. The understanding of the climate's structural and multiscale properties is crucial for the provision of a unifying picture of its dynamics and for the implementation of accurate and efficient numerical models. We present some recent developments at the intersection between climate science, mathematics, and physics, which may prove fruitful in the direction of constructing a more comprehensive account of climate dynamics. We describe the Nambu formulation of fluid dynamics and the potential of such a theory for constructing sophisticated numerical models of geophysical fluids. Then, we focus on the statistical mechanics of quasi-equilibrium flows in a rotating environment, which seems crucial for constructing a robust theory of geophysical turbulence. We then discuss ideas and methods suited for approaching directly the nonequilibrium nature of the climate system. First, we describe some recent findings on the thermodynamics of climate, characterize its energy and entropy budgets, and discuss related methods for intercomparing climate models and for studying tipping points. These ideas can also create a common ground between geophysics and astrophysics by suggesting general tools for studying exoplanetary atmospheres. We conclude by focusing on nonequilibrium statistical mechanics, which allows for a unified framing of problems as different as the climate response to forcings, the effect of altering the boundary conditions or the coupling between geophysical flows, and the derivation of parametrizations for numerical models.

Lucarini, Valerio; Blender, Richard; Herbert, Corentin; Ragone, Francesco; Pascale, Salvatore; Wouters, Jeroen

2014-12-01

330

List of Examiners for MVMod MASTER of Science in Physics  

E-print Network

List of Examiners for MVMod MASTER of Science in Physics Astronomy and Astrophysics: Bartelmann, Quirrenbach, Rix, Schaefer, Springel, Spurzem, Wagner, WambsganÃ? Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics: Blaum, Schlichting, Schwarz, Spatz, Tanaka Condensed Matter Physics: Enss, Klingeler, Kowalsky, Pucci, Winnacker

Heermann, Dieter W.

331

Parma University Faculty of Mathematical, Physical and Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

Parma University Faculty of Mathematical, Physical and Natural Sciences Determination of neutrino oscillation parameters Monteux Angelo Advisor: prof. Luca Trentadue October 15, 2007 Degree in Physics #12;Angelo Monteux born: 04/23/1985 department: PHYSICS This is an English translation of the official report

California at Santa Cruz, University of

332

History of Physics in Science Teacher Training in Oldenburg.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the courses in a study program called History of Physics for physics student teachers at Oldenburg University in Germany, some of which are modified from the ordinary physics curriculum with an emphasis on history and philosophy of science. Presents some examples of student achievements and points out the educational relevance. (ASK)

Riess, Falk

2000-01-01

333

Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

228 Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, BS, MST, MS, PhD The Department of Physics andAstronomy offers undergraduate and graduate pro- grams for a wide range of interests.The bachelor of arts degrees in physics and in astronomy are suitable for students who wish to obtain a broad

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

334

Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

234 Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, BS, MST, MS, PhD The Department of Physics andAstronomy offers undergraduate and graduate pro- grams for a wide range of interests.The bachelor of arts degrees in physics and in astronomy are suitable for students who wish to obtain a broad

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

335

Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

1 Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, BS, MST, MS, PhD The Department of Physics and Astronomy offers undergraduate and graduate programs for a wide range of interests. The bachelor of arts degrees in physics and astronomy are suitable for students who wish to obtain a broad

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

336

Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

257 Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, BS, MST, MS, PhD The Department of Physics and Astronomy offers undergraduate and graduate programs for a wide range of interests. The bachelor of arts degrees in physics and astronomy are suitable for students who wish to obtain a broad

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

337

Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

246 Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, BS, MST, MS, PhD The Department of Physics and Astronomy offers undergraduate and graduate programs for a wide range of interests. The bachelor of arts degrees in physics and astronomy are suitable for students who wish to obtain a broad

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

338

Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, BS, MST, MS, PhD The Department of Physics and Astronomy offers undergraduate and graduate programs for a wide range of interests. The bachelor of arts degrees in physics and astronomy are suitable for students who wish to obtain a broad

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

339

RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES BUDKER INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS  

E-print Network

RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES BUDKER INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS SIBERIAN BRANCH V.S. Fadin, R of Nuclear Physics, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia, and Novosibirsk State University, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia, Gruppo collegato di Cosenza, Arcavacata di Rende, I-87036 Cosenza, Italy c Petersburg Nuclear Physics

340

RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES BUDKER INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS  

E-print Network

RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES BUDKER INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS SIBERIAN BRANCH Compiled by A.V. Zaytseva,b a Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia b Novosibirsk State University, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia c Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, SB RAS #12; Preface 5 1 General surveys

341

RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES BUDKER INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS  

E-print Network

RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES BUDKER INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS SIBERIAN BRANCH V.S. Fadin, R of colours V.S. Fadina , R. Fioreb a Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, and Novosibirsk State University of Nuclear Physics, SB RAS #12;. 1 Introduction In the BFKL approach [1], impact factors appear

342

Research Overview | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Physical Scientists Take on Cancer. Nature, November 2012. A collection of articles discussing how collaborations between physical scientists and oncologists are bringing new perspectives to cancer research.

343

Using Environmental Science as a Motivational Tool to Teach Physics to Non-science Majors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A traditional physical science course was transformed into an environmental physical science course to teach physics to non-science majors. The objective of the new course was to improve the learning of basic physics principles by applying them to current issues of interest. A new curriculum was developed with new labs, homework assignments, worksheets, and interactive classroom learning techniques such as Peer Instruction (PI) and SCALE-UP.2 It was found that the new course showed an increase in students' class participation, attendance, and overall interest, with most rating their science experience as very positive.

Busch, Hauke C.

2010-12-01

344

A physical sciences network characterization of nonmalignant and metastatic cells SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL  

E-print Network

1 A physical sciences network characterization of nonmalignant and metastatic cells SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL -materials and methods -supplementary figures and captions Authors: The Physical Sciences-Investigator: William M. Grady Arizona State University Physical Sciences-Oncology Center Arizona State University

van Oudenaarden, Alexander

345

West Virginia University 1 College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences  

E-print Network

West Virginia University 1 College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences Degree Offered · Bachelor of Science in Physical Education Nature of Program Students in athletic coaching education and Sport Sciences (CPASS) include athletic training, athletic coaching education, physical education

Mohaghegh, Shahab

346

The Effect of Physical Activity on Science Competence and Attitude towards Science Content  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the effect of physical activity on science instruction. To combat the implications of physical inactivity, schools need to be willing to consider all possible opportunities for students to engage in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Integrating physical activity with traditional classroom content is one…

Klinkenborg, Ann Maria

2011-01-01

347

Item and Test Analysis to Identify Quality Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) from an Assessment of Medical Students of Ahmedabad, Gujarat  

PubMed Central

Background: Multiple choice questions (MCQs) are frequently used to assess students in different educational streams for their objectivity and wide reach of coverage in less time. However, the MCQs to be used must be of quality which depends upon its difficulty index (DIF I), discrimination index (DI) and distracter efficiency (DE). Objective: To evaluate MCQs or items and develop a pool of valid items by assessing with DIF I, DI and DE and also to revise/ store or discard items based on obtained results. Settings: Study was conducted in a medical school of Ahmedabad. Materials and Methods: An internal examination in Community Medicine was conducted after 40 hours teaching during 1st MBBS which was attended by 148 out of 150 students. Total 50 MCQs or items and 150 distractors were analyzed. Statistical Analysis: Data was entered and analyzed in MS Excel 2007 and simple proportions, mean, standard deviations, coefficient of variation were calculated and unpaired t test was applied. Results: Out of 50 items, 24 had “good to excellent” DIF I (31 - 60%) and 15 had “good to excellent” DI (> 0.25). Mean DE was 88.6% considered as ideal/ acceptable and non functional distractors (NFD) were only 11.4%. Mean DI was 0.14. Poor DI (< 0.15) with negative DI in 10 items indicates poor preparedness of students and some issues with framing of at least some of the MCQs. Increased proportion of NFDs (incorrect alternatives selected by < 5% students) in an item decrease DE and makes it easier. There were 15 items with 17 NFDs, while rest items did not have any NFD with mean DE of 100%. Conclusion: Study emphasizes the selection of quality MCQs which truly assess the knowledge and are able to differentiate the students of different abilities in correct manner. PMID:24696535

Gajjar, Sanju; Sharma, Rashmi; Kumar, Pradeep; Rana, Manish

2014-01-01

348

78 FR 42111 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences #66; Notice of Meeting; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences 66; Notice of Meeting; Correction SUMMARY: The National Science Foundation published a Notice of Meeting for...

2013-07-15

349

78 FR 37590 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences #66; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences 66; Notice of Meeting In accordance...92- 463, as amended), the National Science Foundation announces the following...

2013-06-21

350

77 FR 42768 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting In accordance with...92-463, as amended), the National Science Foundation announces the following...

2012-07-20

351

75 FR 29369 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting In accordance with...92-463, as amended), the National Science Foundation announces the following...

2010-05-25

352

Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Department of Physics  

E-print Network

Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Department of Physics Imperial College London, and microscopy -Interest in working at the interface of various disciplines such as quantum optics, nano optics

353

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Space Life and Physical Sciences  

E-print Network

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Space Life and Physical Sciences D National Laboratory management organization (CASIS) #12;National Aeronautics and Space Administration #12;National Aeronautics and Space Administration geneLAB Campaign Progress To move forward

Waliser, Duane E.

354

Homeokinetics: A Physical Science for Complex Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

A physical basis for reductionism is put forth in the form of five propositions that bridge levels of organization in natural phenomena. The outlook is that complex systems and processes all have to be traced back to physical law, which applies the only general scientific constraint on reality, but that out of physical law a hierarchy of organization emerges. The

H. Soodak; A. Iberall

1978-01-01

355

Nastaran Zahir Kuhn, Ph.D. | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Dr. Nastaran Zahir Kuhn joined the Division of Cancer Biology at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) in 2013 where her primary role as Program Director is to coordinate transdisciplinary efforts in bringing physical sciences perspectives to cancer research. She assists in the oversight and management of scientific projects for the Physical Sciences in Oncology Initiative by fostering transdisciplinary research collaborations and promoting resources for data and biospecimen standards.

356

Paradata for 'The Physics of Sports ~^ 1 Sport Science 2 The Science of Sports3 The Physics of Basketball4 The physics of skiing5 Physics and Acoustics of Baseball and Softball Bats 6 Physics in Sports 7 Football Physics 8 The Physics of Scuba Diving'  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This record contains paradata for the resource 'The Physics of Sports ~^ 1 Sport Science 2 The Science of Sports3 The Physics of Basketball4 The physics of skiing5 Physics and Acoustics of Baseball and Softball Bats 6 Physics in Sports 7 Football Physics 8 The Physics of Scuba Diving'

357

Research briefs of the Physical and Chemical Sciences Center  

SciTech Connect

As Sandia National Laboratories and the Physical and Chemical Sciences Center develop an increasingly diverse set of customers, research partners, and Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADA`s) with industry, there is a need for providing more concise information describing their technical achievements and capabilities. This publication, Research Briefs, is designed to inform the present and potential partners in research and technology advancement. Their research emphasizes semiconductor physics, electronic materials, surface physics and chemistry, plasma and chemical processing sciences, lasers and optics, vision science, ion-solid interactions and defect physics, and advanced materials physics. The specific programs they pursue are driven by the research goals which are greatly influenced by interactions with the government and industrial customers.

Vook, F.L.; Smith, W.L. [eds.

1993-12-31

358

Analogue Experiences in Physical Science. Teaching Forum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For some time there has been a concern in the scientific and academic communities to make science more meaningful to the growing ranks of apparently disenchanted students. This concern is reflected in the development of programs to reassess science curricula on all educational levels. The Thirteen-College Curriculum Program (TCCP) approach to…

Guthrie, Vallie; Colquitt, Leroy, Jr.

359

Parental Occupation Inspiring Science Interest: Perspectives From Physical Scientists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's early science interest begins well before middle school, and parents can be important in generating and sustaining such interest. This qualitative study addresses how parental occupations shape physical scientists' early science interest. Our framework uses Social Cognitive Career Theory, and our research question is,…

Chakraverty, Devasmita; Tai, Robert H.

2013-01-01

360

College of Physical and Mathematical Science October 2002  

E-print Network

advised their patients to take acetaminophen - the drug behind "aspirin- free" pain relievers like TylenolCollege of Physical and Mathematical Science Newsletter October 2002 ...College News... COX-3 Found in a number of publications including Chemical & Engineering News and Science News. Helping Dan and Terry were

Seamons, Kent E.

361

Exemplary Programs in Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and Earth Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1982 Search for Excellence in Science Education project has identified 50 exemplary programs in physics, chemistry, biology, and earth science. Descriptions of four of these programs and the criteria used in their selection are presented. The first section reviews the direction established by Project Synthesis in searching for exemplary…

Yager, Robert E., Ed.

362

Teaching Particle Physics in the Open University's Science Foundation Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses four topics presented in the science foundation course of the Open University that exemplify current developments in particle physics, in particular, and that describe important issues about the nature of science, in general. Topics include the omega minus particle, the diversity of quarks, the heavy lepton, and the discovery of the W…

Farmelo, Graham

1992-01-01

363

Medical Image Science: Applications Medical Physics/Biomedical Engineering 574  

E-print Network

Medical Image Science: Applications Medical Physics/Biomedical Engineering 574 1022 WIMR, 9-0090 Email: sfain@wisc.edu This course presents the application of medical imaging theory to problems in medical imaging science including: concepts of digital image processing, image reconstruction

Walker, Thad G.

364

Effect of differing PowerPoint slide design on multiple-choice test scores for assessment of knowledge and retention in a theriogenology course.  

PubMed

Third-year veterinary students in a required theriogenology diagnostics course were allowed to self-select attendance at a lecture in either the evening or the next morning. One group was presented with PowerPoint slides in a traditional format (T group), and the other group was presented with PowerPoint slides in the assertion-evidence format (A-E group), which uses a single sentence and a highly relevant graphic on each slide to ensure attention is drawn to the most important points in the presentation. Students took a multiple-choice pre-test, attended lecture, and then completed a take-home assignment. All students then completed an online multiple-choice post-test and, one month later, a different online multiple-choice test to evaluate retention. Groups did not differ on pre-test, assignment, or post-test scores, and both groups showed significant gains from pre-test to post-test and from pre-test to retention test. However, the T group showed significant decline from post-test to retention test, while the A-E group did not. Short-term differences between slide designs were most likely unaffected due to required coursework immediately after lecture, but retention of material was superior with the assertion-evidence slide design. PMID:25000882

Root Kustritz, Margaret V

2014-01-01

365

Targeting Students' Physical Science Misconceptions Using the Conceptual Change Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This handbook is dedicated to giving teachers clear information on how to correct physical science misconceptions in the classroom. It aims to help teachers help students develop appropriate understanding based on hands-on, inquiry-based experiences that challenge preconceptions. The book is organized into units ranging from matter to heat and waves. Each unit includes a list of common misconceptions and activities that help students develop an accurate understanding of each concept. Background information and lessons are provided. The National Science Education Standards for content and instructional strategies in the physical sciences are also addressed.

Stepans, Joseph

2007-11-01

366

Physics Modules 2014-15 Astronomy & Space Science  

E-print Network

making a black hole in the lab? An understanding of physics is critical to answer these questions the solar system, extrasolar planets, the sun, stars and their evolution, black holes and the Big BangPhysics Modules 2014-15 Astronomy & Space Science (PHYC10050) Module Coordinator: Dr Thomas Mc

367

Roadmap: Physical Education Human Movement Studies Bachelor of Science  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physical Education ­ Human Movement Studies ­ Bachelor of Science [EH-BS-PEP-HMS] College of Education, Health and Human Services School of Teaching, Learning and Curriculum Studies Catalog Year: 2012 Introduction to Physical Education, Fitness and Sport 3 US 10097 Destination Kent State: First Year Experience

Sheridan, Scott

368

Central cholinergic involvement in sequential behavior: impairments of performance by atropine in a serial multiple choice task for rats.  

PubMed

Two experiments examined whether muscarinic cholinergic systems play a role in rats' ability to perform well-learned highly-structured serial response patterns, particularly focusing on rats' performance on pattern elements learned by encoding rules versus by acquisition of stimulus-response (S-R) associations. Rats performed serial patterns of responses in a serial multiple choice task in an 8-lever circular array for hypothalamic brain-stimulation reward. Two experiments examined the effects of atropine, a centrally-acting muscarinic cholinergic receptor antagonist, on rats' ability to perform pattern elements where responses were controlled by rules versus elements, such as rule-inconsistent "violation elements" and elements following "phrasing cues," where responses were controlled by associative cues. In Experiment 1, 3-element chunks of both patterns were signaled by pauses that served as phrasing cues before chunk-boundary elements, but one pattern also included a violation element that was inconsistent with pattern structure. Once rats reached a high criterion of performance, the drug challenge was intraperitoneal injection of a single dose of 50 mg/kg atropine sulfate. Atropine impaired performance on elements learned by S-R learning, namely, chunk-boundary elements and the violation element, but had no effect on performance of rule-based within-chunk elements. In Experiment 2, patterns were phrased and unphrased perfect patterns (i.e., without violation elements). To control for peripheral effects of atropine, rats were treated with a series of doses of either centrally-acting atropine or peripherally-acting atropine methyl nitrate (AMN), which does not cross the blood-brain barrier. Once rats reached a high criterion, the drug challenges were on alternate days in the order 50, 25, and 100 mg/kg of either atropine sulfate or AMN. Atropine, but not AMN, impaired performance in the phrased perfect pattern for pattern elements where S-R associations were important for performance, namely, chunk-boundary elements. However, in the structurally more ambiguous unphrased perfect pattern where rats had fewer cues and presumably relied more on S-R associations throughout, atropine impaired performance on all pattern elements. Thus, intact muscarinic cholinergic systems were shown to be necessary for discriminative control previously established by S-R learning, but were not necessary for rule-based serial pattern performance. PMID:23871743

Fountain, Stephen B; Rowan, James D; Wollan, Michael O

2013-11-01

369

Bayesian Inference for the Physical Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is an online index for information on Bayesian statistical inference as it applies to science. References include general texts, preprints and reprints, Bayesian software, and other Bayesian resources.

2005-04-05

370

University of Virginia Physical Science SOL Activities: Balloon Electroscope  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This item is a lesson plan for the teacher of beginning high school physics and/or physical science. It provides directions for designing a simple electroscope demonstration and updates the classic "kissing balloon" activity with creative additions. Included are printable student data sheets and comprehensive background information on static electricity. This lesson is part of a larger collection generated by the University of Virginia Department of Physics outreach program. See Related Materials for a link to the full collection.

2006-11-09

371

Is Economics the Next Physical Science?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We review an emerging body of work by physicists addressing questions of economic organization and function. We suggest that, beyond simply employing models familiar from physics to economic observables, remarkable regularities in economic data may suggest parts of social order that can usefully be incorporated into, and in turn can broaden, the conceptual structure of physics.

J. Doyne Farmer; Martin Shubik

2005-01-01

372

Roadmap: Physics Research -Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-RESE  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physics ­ Research - Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-RESE] College of the Arts and Sciences Physics I 5 Fulfills Kent Core Basic Sciences US 10097 Destination Kent State: First Year Experience 1 Sciences MATH 32051 Mathematical Methods in Physical Sciences I 4 Foreign Language (Elementary I) 4

Sheridan, Scott

373

Influence of experience on intake and feeding behavior of dairy sheep when offered forages from woody plants in a multiple-choice situation.  

PubMed

A satisfactory intake of novel low-quality forages by ruminants may require previous experience with this feed. Therefore, this study tested in sheep whether experience with forages from woody plants had an influence on feed intake, feeding behavior, and nutrient supply when offered in a multiple-choice arrangement. Two sheep experiments were conducted, 1 in Syria (Mediterranean region; Exp. 1) and the other in Switzerland (Central Europe; Exp. 2), that investigated 5 and 6 woody test plants, respectively. In Exp. 1, the test plants were Artemisia herba-alba, Atriplex leucoclada, Haloxylon articulatum, Noaea mucronata, and Salsola vermiculata. In Exp. 2, Betula pendula, Castanea sativa, and Juglans regia were used in addition to A. leucoclada, H. articulatum, and S. vermiculata (the plants most consumed in Exp. 1). In each experiment, 12 lactating sheep (Awassi sheep in Exp. 1 and East Friesian Milk sheep in Exp. 2) were allocated to 2 groups ("experienced" and "naïve"). Experienced sheep subsequently were familiarized with each test plant during a learning period of binary choices (1 test plant vs. barley straw) for 4 h in the morning for 7 d each. The naïve group received only straw. During the rest of the day, a basal diet composed of barley straw (ad libitum) and concentrate was offered to both groups. For the 2 wk following the learning period, the sheep were subjected to feeding of the basal diet to avoid carryover effects of the last offered test plant. In the following multiple-choice period, both groups were allowed to select from all test plants during 4 h in the morning for 14 d. Forage intake after 4 and 24 h and feeding behavior during the first 30 min of the test feeding were assessed. Milk yield and composition were measured at the end of the multiple-choice period. Nutrient intake was calculated using feed intake measurements and compositional analyses. Only in Exp. 2, group differences (P < 0.05) were found on d 1 of the multiple-choice period. The experienced sheep consumed more total forage, straw, OM, NDF, ADF, and ADL (nutrients without concentrate). However, across the entire multiple-choice period, there were no differences (P ? 0.05) in forage and nutrient intake, feeding behavior, and milk yield and composition between the groups in both experiments. This suggests that sheep can quickly adapt to previously unknown woody feeds of varying origin and quality offered as dried supplements. PMID:23989878

Meier, J S; Liesegang, A; Rischkowsky, B; Louhaichi, M; Zaklouta, M; Kreuzer, M; Marquardt, S

2013-10-01

374

SDSU General Catalog 2014-2015 239 OFFICE: Physical Sciences 100 and 103  

E-print Network

SDSU General Catalog 2014-2015 239 OFFICE: Physical Sciences 100 and 103 TELEPHONE: 619-594-5386 E), Shackelford (Physics, Emeritus) Sweedler (Physics/International Programs), Thorbjarnarson (Geological Sciences is on the physical environmental sciences, some coursework is required in biology, computer science, geography

Gallo, Linda C.

375

Final report on the Assessment of Physical Sciences and Engineering Advances in Life Sciences and Oncology (APHELION) Europe study | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

The NCI and NSF commissioned the international Assessment of Physical sciences and Engineering advances in Life sciences and Oncology (APHELION) in order to determine the status and trends of applying physical sciences and engineering principles to oncology research and development in leading laboratories and organizations in Europe via an on-site peer review process. The panel members made visits to laboratories in France, Italy, Israel, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland, typically meeting with representatives of multiple institutions at each stop.

376

Physical Setting/Earth Science Core Curriculum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This guide is intended to assist high-school teachers and supervisors as they prepare curriculum, instruction, and assessment for the Earth Science content and process skills of the New York State Learning Standards for Mathematics, Science, and Technology. It describes selected process skills and their alignments with standards, key ideas, and performance indicators. Teachers should recognize that is found in this document is the minimum of the content to be taught. There is also an appendix that displays diagrammatically how the material in the curriculum may be organized for curricular and instructional purposes.

377

Rob Phillips | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Rob Phillips is a Professor at Caltech in Pasadena working at the intersection of physics and biology. Over the past12 years he has evolved from being a condensed matter physicist to now concentrating on biophysics.

378

What's in a Name Change? - Solid State Physics, Condensed Matter Physics, and Materials Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When solid state physics emerged in the 1940s, its name was controversial. By the 1970s, some physicists came to prefer "condensed matter" as a way to identify the discipline of physics examining complex matter. Physicists and historians often gloss this transition as a simple rebranding of a problematically named field, but attention to the motives behind these names reveals telling nuances. "Solid state physics" and "condensed matter physics"—along with "materials science," which also emerged during the Cold War—were named in accordance with ideological commitments about the identity of physics. Historians, therefore, can profitably understand solid state and condensed matter physics as distinct disciplines. Condensed matter, rather than being continuous with solid state physics, should be considered alongside materials science as an outlet for specific frustrations with the way solid state was organized.

Martin, Joseph D.

2015-01-01

379

Introductory physics in biological context: An approach to improve introductory physics for life science students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe restructuring the introductory physics for life science students (IPLS) course to better support these students in using physics to understand their chosen fields. Our courses teach physics using biologically rich contexts. Specifically, we use examples in which fundamental physics contributes significantly to understanding a biological system to make explicit the value of physics to the life sciences. This requires selecting the course content to reflect the topics most relevant to biology while maintaining the fundamental disciplinary structure of physics. In addition to stressing the importance of the fundamental principles of physics, an important goal is developing students' quantitative and problem solving skills. Our guiding pedagogical framework is the cognitive apprenticeship model, in which learning occurs most effectively when students can articulate why what they are learning matters to them. In this article, we describe our courses, summarize initial assessment data, and identify needs for future research.

Crouch, Catherine H.; Heller, Kenneth

2014-05-01

380

Emerging Physics for Novel Field Propulsion Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All space vehicles in use today need some kind of fuel for operation. The basic physics underlying this propulsion principle severely limits the specific impulse and/or available thrust. Launch capabilities from the surface of the Earth require huge amounts of fuel. Hence, space flight, as envisaged by von Braun in the early 50s of the last century, will not be possible using this concept. Only if novel physical principles are found can these limits be overcome. Gravitational field propulsion is based on the generation of gravitational (gravity-like) fields by manmade devices. In other words, gravity-like fields should be experimentally controllable. Present physics believes that there are four fundamental interactions: strong (nuclei), weak (radioactive decay), electromagnetism and Newtonian gravitation. As experience has shown for the last six decades, none of these physical interactions is suitable as a basis for novel space propulsion. None of the advanced physical theories like string theory or quantum gravity, go beyond these four known interactions. On the contrary, recent results from causal dynamical triangulation simulations indicate that wormholes in spacetime do not seem to exist, and thus even this type of exotic space travel may well be impossible. Recently, novel physical concepts were published that might lead to advanced space propulsion technology, represented by two additional long range gravitational-like force fields that would be both attractive and repulsive, resulting from interaction of gravity with electromagnetism. A propulsion technology, based on these novel long range fields, would be working without propellant.

Hauser, Jochem; Dröscher, Walter

2010-01-01

381

Use of physical sciences in support of environmental management.  

PubMed

Offshore drilling for oil and gas has been conducted since the early 1900s. Oil and gas under the seabed continue to be an important part of the energy resources of the United States. The need to balance the value of these resources against the potential for environmental damage is an important concern. This article explains why and how the Minerals Management Service (MMS) of the US Department of the Interior uses research in physical sciences to help fulfill its environmental goals, and it provides background information on the role of physical sciences in decision-making for Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) oil, gas, and other minerals development. Established in the 1970s, the MMS' Environmental Studies Program is a highly focused marine research program designed to provide the environmental information necessary for OCS energy and nonenergy minerals planning and development activities. The physical sciences research supported by MMS includes physical oceanography, oil-spill risk analyses, atmospheric sciences, and sand and gravel studies. Instead of giving a comprehensive review on physical sciences research in MMS, this article presents sample MMS studies and illustrates how these studies are utilized to support decision-making in environmental management. PMID:15559941

Ji, Zhen-Gang

2004-08-01

382

News Competition: School team launches a rocket Conference: Norway focuses on physics teaching Science on Stage: Canadian science acts take to the stage Particle Physics: Teachers get a surprise at CERN Teaching: Exploring how students learn physics University: Oxford opens doors to science teachers Lasers: Lasers shine light on meeting Science Fair: Malawi promotes science education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Competition: School team launches a rocket Conference: Norway focuses on physics teaching Science on Stage: Canadian science acts take to the stage Particle Physics: Teachers get a surprise at CERN Teaching: Exploring how students learn physics University: Oxford opens doors to science teachers Lasers: Lasers shine light on meeting Science Fair: Malawi promotes science education

2010-11-01

383

Physically Handicapped in Science: Final Project Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A two-year project was conducted by St. Mary's Junior College to improve the science literacy of visually-impaired students (VIS) through the adaptation of instructional methods and materials. A four-step process was used: (1) learning materials were reviewed to identify problem areas; (2) preliminary adaptations were made based on the review; (3)…

O'Brien, Maureen B.; And Others

384

FACULTY OF SCIENCE SCHOOL OF PHYSICS  

E-print Network

can help us understand the issues involved in climate change, suggest and evaluate technological will be exploring the "debate" about the science of climate change, and how we can evaluate the accuracy multiple original authorita- tive sources, and synthesise the knowledge in a coherent fashion. The project

Ashley, Michael C. B.

385

College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences NNEEWWSSLLEETTTTEERR  

E-print Network

,486,148 B2, November 26, 2002. Department of Computer Science S.B. Barnes, R.W. Woodings, C.D. Knutson and Function of the Human AT1 Receptor," TRENDS in Endocrinology and Metabolism, 14(2), 66-71 (2003). M

Seamons, Kent E.

386

Sara Walker | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Sara Walker works in the School of Life Science and the Beyond Center at Arizona State University. She is also a NASA Astrobiology fellow. She spoke about the deep evolutionary history of life on earth and it’s routes to cancer.

387

Physical Science Connected Classrooms: Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case-study descriptions of secondary and middle school classrooms in diverse contexts provide examples of how teachers implement connected classroom technology to facilitate formative assessment in science instruction. Connected classroom technology refers to a networked system of handheld devices designed for classroom use. Teachers were…

Irving, Karen; Sanalan, Vehbi; Shirley, Melissa

2009-01-01

388

Course on the Nature of Physical Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a course which provides nonscience students with an understanding of methods and nature of natural science. The course is a seminar organized around a detailed examination of the Copernican revolution, in part through Copernicus's original writings, and in part through contemporary historical and philosophical analysis. (Author/SK)

Derr, Patrick G.; Andersen, Roy S.

1981-01-01

389

Spacelab 1 - Scientific objectives, life sciences, space plasma physics, astronomy and solar physics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A general overview of the accomplishments of the Spacelab 1 complement to the Shuttle mission of Nov. 28, 1983, is presented. Consideration is given to scientific results in the fields of life sciences, materials sciences, atmospheric physics, and earth observations. A table is given which lists the scientific objectives and the percentage of objectives accomplished in each field.

Chappell, C. R.

1985-01-01

390

Impact of Computer Algebra on Physics School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences  

E-print Network

Impact of Computer Algebra on Physics D. Waxman School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences is in problems of a numerical nature ("number crunching"), where computers have been employed. There have, however, been developments along different lines in the field of computation in the last few years

Waxman, David

391

The influence of physics teacher gender on college students' pursuit of careers in the physical sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In science disciplines, students develop career goals based in part on their high school experiences. Science teachers and their personal characteristics are a part of this experience. In the case of physics, teacher gender is believed to modulate the interplay between student's own gender and their gender-related perceptions of physics. Using national data from college students (PRiSE Project, N=7505), we analyze the physics teacher gender effects on the choice of a career in the physical sciences by both male and female students. We examine three sub-samples of the data: students who have not taken any high school physics courses (about 60 percent of the total), those who have taken one physics course (teacher female or male), and those who have taken two physics courses (two female, two male, or one female and one male teacher). A correspondence analysis reveals an exploratory picture of the association between primary and confounding factors. Subsequently, a linear regression on students' physical science career choices is used as a confirmatory analysis of this picture.

Lung, Florin; Potvin, Geoff; Sadler, Philip M.; Sonnert, Gerhard

2012-03-01

392

Nanofluidics Sorts DNA For Cancer Research | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Nanotechnology researchers at Cornell University's Physical Sciences-Oncology Center have devised a new tool to study epigenetic changes in DNA that can cause cancer and other diseases. The tool is a nanoscale fluidic device that sorts and collects DNA one molecule at a time. The new device, developed in the lab of Harold Craighead, is described in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

393

Herbert Levine | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Herbert Levine is a Professor of Bioengineering and Director of the Center for Theoretical Biological Physics at Rice University in Houston, Texas. Though not a PS-OC member, he has been a regular attendee at PS-OC meeting to provide his perspective and expertize.

394

University of Surrey School of Physical Sciences  

E-print Network

intensity #12;#12;ULTRASONICS (2US) Dr. T.J. Esward Ultrasonics Section Centre for Ionising Radiation, physical chemistry, medicine, non-destructive testing and underwater acoustics. · Calibration of transducers and hydrophones. Measurement uncertainties. · How to recognise non-linear effects in acoustic

Doran, Simon J.

395

Physics 300 Provincial Examination.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the physics 300 provincial examination (English version), a separate "provincial summary report" on the results of giving the test, and a separate French language version of the examination. This physics examination contains a 53-item multiple choice section and an 12 item free response section. Subsections of the test…

Manitoba Dept. of Education and Training, Winnipeg.

396

UK Particle Physics, Astronomy, and Space Science (PPARC): Frontiers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Frontiers publication offers the latest news and activities of the Research Council's funded projects and the UK Particle Physics, Astronomy, and Space Science's (PPARC) funded scientists. Produced three times a year, each issue is easy to navigate with quick links to the space science and particle physics articles on the Contents page as well as a keyword search. The website offers archives of the publication since 1997. Each issue contains five sections: the Contents, Editorial, Update, Features, and News. While the other sections contain brief synopses, the Features section offers comprehensive descriptions of stimulating endeavors.

397

S.E.A. Lab. Science Experiments and Activities. Marine Science for High School Students in Chemistry, Biology and Physics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A series of science experiments and activities designed for secondary school students taking biology, chemistry, physics, physical science or marine science courses are outlined. Each of the three major sections--chemistry, biology, and physics--addresses concepts that are generally covered in those courses but incorporates aspects of marine…

Hart, Kathy, Ed.

398

The effects of an alternative science degree programme on the participation of women in the physical sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three unusual components of an Australian science degree programme were explored to determine the effect they had on the participation of women in the physical sciences. A common first year with entry requirements that do not include prior science knowledge offered students the opportunity to study the physical sciences. The reasons why very few students have taken advantage of that

Keith Trigwell

1990-01-01

399

An Investigation of Introductory Physical Science Using the Test of Science Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grade 8 students using the Introductory Physical Science course improved their scores on a test of science processes (observing, comparing, classifying, quantifying, etc.) after studying the first five chapters of the materials. Some evidence supporting a hierarchy of process skills is reported. (AL)

Butzow, John W.; Sewell, Leyton E.

1972-01-01

400

The Thinking Machine: A Physical Science Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science projects can be a wonderful opportunity for learning and creativity, or a gigantic headache for teachers. After several years of implementation, experience, and revision, the author has put together a fun and engaging project centered on machines that is appropriate for middle school students. This project came to be known simply as "The Thinking Machine Project," which draws its origin from the national Rube Goldberg Machine competition held each year at Purdue University. Here is one way to bring technology, writing, drawing, creativity, and hands-on ingenuity together in a single fun and successful project.

Amber Jarrard

2008-11-01

401

Connections Between LSST Science and Particle Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We are in the midst of a revolution in physics. Observing the cosmos has provided compelling evidence for physics beyond the Standard Model of particle physics: non-zero neutrino masses, non-baryonic dark matter, dark energy and primordial inflation. Together with ordinary matter these constituents determine the structure of the Universe. The necessary, but puzzling, connection between the inner space of quantum reality and outer space of cosmic reality will enable the discovery of new particle physics through astrophysical observations and may reconcile quantum mechanics and general relativity in a new synthesis: a Standard Model of the Universe. LSST will significantly contribute to answering the following questions: What is dark energy? What is dark matter? What are the neutrino masses? Was primordial inflation responsible for the origin of large-scale structure (LSS)? Did it leave observable imprints that can shed light on the unification of the fundamental forces? Can gravity be described in a unified quantum framework with the other forces? Precision cosmological observations will enable falsification of models covering the inflationary epoch, through the “dark ages”, to the first generation of stars and galaxies, and the current cosmic acceleration. LSST will study the impact of dark energy on both the history of cosmic expansion and growth of LSS using diverse techniques based on: weak-lensing, baryon acoustic oscillations, supernovae, galaxy cluster counts and strong lensing of quasars. Inconsistencies in the results may signal deficiencies in General Relativity and the need for a new theory of gravity. Properties of dark matter will be gleaned by studying the evolution of structure and by strong-lensing of galaxies, quasars and supernovae. Precision measurements of the matter power spectra vs cosmic time will constrain the sum of neutrino masses. LSST will probe inflation using cosmic shear and the spatial power spectrum of galaxies.

Tyson, J. A.; Burchat, P.; Dubois-Felsmann, G. P.; Kahn, S. M.; Shipsey, I.; Thaler, J.

2013-01-01

402

Physics/computer science. Passing messages between disciplines.  

PubMed

Problems in computer science, such as error correction in information transfer and "satisfiability" in optimization, show phase transitions familiar from solid-state physics. In his Perspective, Mézard explains how recent advances in these three fields originate in similar "message passing" procedures. The exchange of elaborate messages between different variables and constraints, used in the study of phase transitions in physical systems, helps to make error correction and satisfiability codes more efficient. PMID:14500972

Mézard, Marc

2003-09-19

403

Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering Department of Pure and Applied Physics  

E-print Network

Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering Department of Pure and Applied Physics #12; Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering Department of Pure and Applied Physics of Science (Univ. of Tokyo) OTANI Mitsuharu Mathematical Physics Professor Doctor of Science (Kyoto Univ

Kaji, Hajime

404

Roadmap: Physics Chemistry -Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-CHEM  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physics ­ Chemistry - Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-CHEM] College of the Arts and Sciences Department of Physics Chemistry Minor [CHEM] College of the Arts and Sciences Department semester; fulfills minor requirement MATH 32051 Mathematical Methods in Physical Sciences I 4 PHY 23102

Sheridan, Scott

405

Roadmap: Physics Applied Mathematics Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-AMTH  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physics ­ Applied Mathematics ­ Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-AMTH] College of the Arts and Sciences Department of Physics Applied Mathematics Minor [AMTH] College of the Arts and Sciences Department General University Physics I 5 Fulfills Kent Core Basic Sciences Semester Three: [16 Credit Hours] CS

Sheridan, Scott

406

West Virginia University 1 College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences  

E-print Network

West Virginia University 1 College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences Degrees Offered · Master of Science · Doctor of Philosophy The College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences is organized into two through the College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences has two major areas: sport and exercise

Mohaghegh, Shahab

407

West Virginia University 1 College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences  

E-print Network

West Virginia University 1 College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences Degrees Offered · Master of Science · Doctor of Philosophy The College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences is organized into two the College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences has two major areas: sport and exercise psychology

Mohaghegh, Shahab

408

Department of Biological, Chemical and Physical Sciences IIT Graduate Bulletin 20062008  

E-print Network

79 Department of Biological, Chemical and Physical Sciences IIT Graduate Bulletin 2006­2008 Department of Biological, Chemical and Physical Sciences Life Sciences Building 3101 S. Dearborn St. Chicago Sciences offers B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in the fields of chemistry, biology, physics, and molecular

Heller, Barbara

409

Roadmap: Physics Research -Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-RESE  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physics ­ Research - Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-RESE] College of the Arts and Sciences Physics I 5 Fulfills Kent Core Basic Sciences US 10097 Destination Kent State: First Year Experience 1 University Physics II 5 Fulfills Kent Core Basic Sciences Kent Core Requirement 3 See Kent Core Summary

Sheridan, Scott

410

Physics in Films: A New Approach to Teaching Science  

E-print Network

Over the past year and a half we have developed an innovative approach to the teaching of `Physical Science', a general education course typically found in the curricula of nearly every college and university. The new approach uses popular movies to illustrate the principles of physical science, analyzing individual scenes against the background of the fundamental physical laws. The impact of being able to understand why, in reality, the scene could or could not have occurred as depicted in the film, what the director got right and what he got wrong, has excited student interest enormously in a course that, when taught in the traditional mode, is usually considered to be `too hard and boring'. The performance of students on exams reflected the increased attention to and retention of basic physical concepts, a result that was a primary goal of the `Physics in Films' approach. Following the first offering of the revitalization of the Physical Science course, in which action and sci-fi films were the primary sou...

Efthimiou, C J; Efthimiou, Costas J.; Llewellyn, Ralph

2004-01-01

411

Physics and the Philosophy of Science at the Turn of the Twentieth Century  

E-print Network

Physics and the Philosophy of Science at the Turn of the Twentieth Century (Forthcoming Theoretical physics and the philosophy of science are among the most important fields of research physics and the philosophy of science nurtured one another's growth. Physics provided the philosopher both

Howard, Don

412

The Department of Physics 108 Science Hall Box 19059 817-272-2266  

E-print Network

The Department of Physics 108 Science Hall · Box 19059 · 817-272-2266 www.uta.edu/physics Academic Advising: 108 Science Hall · 817-272-2266 Overview The Department of Physics offers three Bachelors of this catalog. Requirements for a Bachelor of Science Degree in Physics English Six hours of composition

Texas at Arlington, University of

413

West Virginia University 1 College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences  

E-print Network

West Virginia University 1 College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences Degree Offered · Bachelor of Science in Physical Education Nature of Program Students in physical education, athletic. Programs Baccalaureate programs offered in the College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences (CPASS

Mohaghegh, Shahab

414

Courses in Modern Physics for Non-science Majors, Future Science Teachers, and Biology Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the past 15 years Kansas State University has offered a course in modern physics for students who are not majoring in physics. This course carries a prerequisite of one physics course so that the students have a basic introduction in classical topics. The majors of students range from liberal arts to engineering. Future secondary science teachers whose first area of teaching is not physics can use the course as part of their study of science. The course has evolved from a lecture format to one which is highly interactive and uses a combination of hands-on activities, tutorials and visualizations, particularly the Visual Quantum Mechanics materials. Another course encourages biology students to continue their physics learning beyond the introductory course. Modern Miracle Medical Machines introduces the basic physics which underlie diagnosis techniques such as MRI and PET and laser surgical techniques. Additional information is available at http://www.phys.ksu.edu/perg/

Zollman, Dean

2001-03-01

415

Fulbright Opportunities in the Physical Sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Fulbright Scholar Program is sponsored by the United States Department of State and is principally funded by taxpayer contributions. Bi-national in nature, it includes academic year opportunities for both American and foreign scholars. More than 800 grants in 125 countries are available each year. The Program supports research, teaching and lecturing opportunities in all academic disciplines, numerous professional fields and the arts. American academics and administrators have multiple opportunities to internationalize their campuses and their discipline points of view. Further, Fulbright not only sends American scholars abroad but also brings scholars to the United States and should be considered a strategic internationalization opportunity both for individuals and for campuses. During the 2013-14 competition cycle there were 33 awards available in physics and astronomy and 175 all discipline awards. The presentation will guide attendees in identifying appropriate opportunities through the Fulbright Scholar Program and will make suggestions as to how to be successful in a proposal. Special attention will be given to opportunities available for specialists in physics. The workshop will also cover non-Core Fulbright Scholar opportunities for physicists and university administrators, including a number of short-term, innovative programs that send an additional 400 scholars from the United States to universities and research institutes abroad to offer expertise on issues of global interest from cutting-edge research to policy, to technical expertise in curriculum development, institutional planning, program assessment, and institutional capacity building.

Dewindt, Katrin

2013-03-01

416

Fighting for physics and Earth science in Florida's high schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During its Spring 2009 session, the Florida Legislature considered a bill that would have suspended its comprehensive standardized test in high school science and substituted an end-of-course test in biology to satisfy the requirements of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act. By doing so, the bill would have further deemphasized high school physics and Earth science in a state where physics courses are sometimes not available in high schools (even in International Baccalaureate programs) and where the state's own statistics say that only 16% of high school graduates have taken a physics course. A group of about one hundred science faculty from thirteen colleges and universities in Florida responded with a letter to Governor Crist and visits to legislators asking that the biology-only provisions be defeated (and they were). The group has now produced a white paper on high school science requirements that has been distributed to government and business leaders and been publicized via op-ed pieces and news items in several media outlets statewide. This poster will describe the situation in Florida and the faculty group's efforts. It will also compare Florida's high school requirements in science with those in the other SESAPS states.

Cottle, Paul

2009-11-01

417

History of Physics in Science Teacher Training in Oldenburg  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For several years Oldenburg University in Germany has offered a study program in History of Physics for physics teacher students. Some courses of the ordinary physics curriculum were modified with an emphasis on history and philosophy of science, and some lectures focussed on historical subjects were newly created. Moreover the candidates for final exams can choose a historical topic - usually centered on an experiment - as the subject of their exam paper. In the following article the courses are shortly described, some examples of the students'' achievements are presented, and the educational relevance is pointed out. Finally the experiences of the project so far are described and assessed.

Riess, Falk

418

Enhancing student performance through cooperative learning in physical sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students in a physical sciences course were introduced to cooperative learning at the University of Queensland, Gatton Campus. Groups of four to five students worked together in tutorial and practical sessions. Mid-term and practical examinations were abolished and 40% of total marks were allocated to the cooperative learning activities. A peer- and self-assessment system was successfully adapted to account for

Madan L. Gupta

2004-01-01

419

Physics and social science - The approach of synergetics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Universally applicable methods originating in statistical physics and synergetics are combined with concepts from social science in order to set up and to apply a model construction concept for the quantitative description of a broad class of collective dynamical phenomena within society. Starting from the decisions of individuals and introducing the concept of dynamical utilities, probabilistic transition rates between attitudes

Wolfgang Weidlich

1991-01-01

420

A Practical Guide to Data Analysis for Physical Science Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This textbook is intended for undergraduates who are carrying out laboratory experiments in the physical sciences for the first time. It is a practical guide on how to analyze data and estimate errors. The necessary formulas for performing calculations are given, and the ideas behind them are explained, although this is not a formal text on statistics. Specific examples are

Louis Lyons

1991-01-01

421

Loop Calculus in Statistical Physics and Information Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discrete statistical models, the Ising model being the most famous example, play a prominent role in theoretical and mathematical physics. They are typically defined on a lattice, and major efforts in the field focused primarily on the case of the infinite lattice size. Similar statistical models emerge in information science. However, the most interest- ing questions there are related to

Michael Chertkov; Vladimir Y. Chernyak

2006-01-01

422

Mariam Eljanne, Ph.D. | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Dr. Mariam Eljanne serves as a Program Director for the Physical Sciences-Oncology Centers (PS-OC) initiative within the Division of Cancer Biology at the NCI. In this role, she oversees the scientific progress at different PS-OC Centers.

423

Learning Activity Package, Physical Science 92, LAPs 1-9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This set of nine teacher-prepared Learning Activity Packages (LAPs) for individualized instruction in physical science covers the topics of scientific equipment and procedures; measure of time, length, area, and volume; water; oxygen and oxidation; atmospheric pressure; motion; machines; carbon; and light and sound. Each unit contains a rationale…

Williams, G. J.

424

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Space Life and Physical Sciences  

E-print Network

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Space Life and Physical Sciences Status Briefing PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUEST SUMMARY National Aeronautics and Space Administration 6 #12;2014 Space Operations Budget National Aeronautics and Space Administration FY 2014 PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUEST SUMMARY 7 #12

Waliser, Duane E.

425

Kinetic exchange models: From molecular physics to social science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We discuss several multi-agent models that have their origin in the kinetic exchange theory of statistical mechanics and have been recently applied to a variety of problems in the social sciences. This class of models can be easily adapted for simulations in areas other than physics, such as the modeling of income and wealth distributions in economics and opinion dynamics in sociology.

Patriarca, Marco; Chakraborti, Anirban

2013-08-01

426

Activities in planetary geology for the physical and earth sciences  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A users guide for teaching activities in planetary geology, and for physical and earth sciences is presented. The following topics are discussed: cratering; aeolian processes; planetary atmospheres, in particular the Coriolis Effect and storm systems; photogeologic mapping of other planets, Moon provinces and stratigraphy, planets in stereo, land form mapping of Moon, Mercury and Mars, and geologic features of Mars.

Dalli, R.; Greeley, R.

1982-01-01

427

University of Southern California | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

The University of Southern California Physical Sciences-Oncology Center's (USC PS-OC) overall goal is to thoroughly understand therapeutic response. Investigators will establish a predictive model of cancer that they can utilize to determine tumor steady state growth and drug response, particularly those involved in the hematological malignancies of acute myeloid leukemia and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

428

Master of Science Thesis in Physics Random Quantum Billiards  

E-print Network

Master of Science Thesis in Physics Random Quantum Billiards Henrik J. Pedersen The Niels Bohr july 1997 #12; 2 Abstract We construct a random matrix model suitable for the quantum mechanical­orthogonal basis. Our random matrix model consists of drawing the elements of this matrix at random. Numerical

Jackson, Andrew D.

429

Dr Skateboard's Action Science: Teaching Physics in Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to create student interest and promote new connections to the understanding of fundamental physics concepts, there is a need for new approaches and methods that are both contemporary and relevant. Dr Skateboard's Action Science, a curriculum supplement comprising video instruction and classroom activities, is an example that focuses on…

Robertson, William H.

2009-01-01

430

Bachelor of Science/ Bachelor of Arts in Physics  

E-print Network

Sciences and Mathematics offers degree programs for undergraduate and graduate students in biology their careers. Licensed counselors are available to provide strategies for mastering job interviews, writing at UT Dallas Physics students can minor in biology, and obtain either a Bachelor of Arts or a Bachelor

O'Toole, Alice J.

431

Surface and Interface Science Physics 627; Chemistry 542  

E-print Network

;14 Measuring Spectra: Quantitative analysis Estimate chemical concentration, chemical state, spatial1 Surface and Interface Science Physics 627; Chemistry 542 Lectures 7 Feb. 15 2013 Surface Chemical on · photoionization cross section · (largest for C 1s) · Extra peak: Auger emission Electrons absorb X-ray photon

Glashausser, Charles

432

The Scripps Research Institute | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

The Scripps Research Institute Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (TSRI PS-OC) incorporates a trans-disciplinary effort from celebrated physicists and oncologists to pursue the mechanisms that regulate the survival of circulating tumor cells. These investigators will probe the biophysical factors implicated in the endurance of individual circulating tumor cells while in the blood stream and in their progression to metastatic disease.

433

Roadmap: Physical Education Human Movement Studies Bachelor of Science  

E-print Network

] ATTR 25057 Human Anatomy and Physiology I or EXSC 25057 Human Anatomy and Physiology I 3 See note 1Roadmap: Physical Education ­ Human Movement Studies ­ Bachelor of Science [EH-BS-PEP-HMS] College of Education, Health and Human Services School of Teaching, Learning and Curriculum Studies Catalog Year: 2013

Sheridan, Scott

434

Conceptual Integration of Chemical Equilibrium by Prospective Physical Sciences Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes an empirical study concerning the mastering of the chemical equilibrium concept by prospective physical sciences teachers. The main objective was to check whether the concept of chemical equilibrium had become an integrating and unifying concept for them, that is to say an operational and functional knowledge to explain and…

Ganaras, Kostas; Dumon, Alain; Larcher, Claudine

2008-01-01

435

Physics education research: Resources for middle school science teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This resource letter intends to provide middle school science teachers with a\\u000acollection of resources to aid them in planning and implementing a physical\\u000ascience curriculum. The resources are in the form of books, websites, journals,\\u000aand organizations.

Zosia A. C. Krusberg; Johann Wolfgang von Goethe; W. B. Yeats

2009-01-01

436

MATHEMATICS AND THE NATURAL SCIENCES. The Physical Singularity of Life.  

E-print Network

MATHEMATICS AND THE NATURAL SCIENCES. The Physical Singularity of Life. Francis Bailly Physique relationship, while not being subordinated, to the analyses of the foundations of mathematics. As integral part approach for certain aspects of biology. This approach, all the while being inspired by physico-mathematical

Longo, Giuseppe

437

Integrating the Physical Sciences Perspective to Open a New Frontier in Oncology meeting report | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

In February 2008, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) held the first of a series of three Think Tanks designed to explore how the fields of physics, mathematics, chemistry, and engineering could advance cancer research and clinical oncology by bringing fresh insights and new tools to some of the most challenging problems in cancer.Those workshops led to the creation of the Physical Sciences-Oncology Centers (PS-OC) program and the funding of 12 transdisciplinary Centers in September 2009.

438

Impacting university physics students through participation in informal science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Informal education programs organized by university physics departments are a popular means of reaching out to communities and satisfying grant requirements. The outcomes of these programs are often described in terms of broader impacts on the community. Comparatively little attention, however, has been paid to the influence of such programs on those students facilitating the informal science programs. Through Partnerships for Informal Science Education in the Community (PISEC) at the University of Colorado Boulder, undergraduate and graduate physics students coach elementary and middle school children during an inquiry-based science afterschool program. As part of their participation in PISEC, university students complete preparation in pedagogy, communication and diversity, engage with children on a weekly basis and provide regular feedback about the program. We present findings that indicate these experiences improve the ability of university students to communicate in everyday language and positively influence their perspectives on teaching and learning.

Hinko, Kathleen; Finkelstein, Noah D.

2013-01-01

439

Science Fiction Stories with Good Astronomy and Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a selective list of some short stories and novels that use more or less accurate science and can be used for teaching or reinforcing astronomy or physics concepts. I include both traditional "science-fiction" and (occasionally) more serious fiction that derives meaning or plot from astronomy or physics ideas. The titles of short stories are given in quotation marks; only short stories that have been published in book form are included. While one book source is given for each short story, note that some of the stories can be found in other collections as well. The author welcomes suggestions for additions to or subtractions from this list, especially if your favorite story with good science is left out.

Fraknoi, Andrew

440

Joint Tenure-Track Faculty Position in Exoplanetary Science Earth and Planetary Sciences and Physics Department, McGill University  

E-print Network

Joint Tenure-Track Faculty Position in Exoplanetary Science Earth and Planetary Sciences and Physics Department, McGill University The Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences (www, astrobiology and atmospheric sciences in Earth and Planetary Science and other departments. We seek candidates

Kambhampati, Patanjali

441

Bachelor of Science in Medical Physics Program at Ryerson University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new Bachelor of Science in Medical Physics program at Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario was launched in Fall 2006. The program builds on Ryerson’s strong existing capabilities in biomedical physics research. The program’s point of entry is the common first year during which all students in Biology, Chemistry, Contemporary Science and Medical Physics programs complete the foundation courses that include physics, calculus, biology, chemistry, and introduction to computing. In addition to the foundation courses, the first-year studies include an orientation course that supports the students in making a successful transition to university studies. The courses beyond the first year include such topics as radiation therapy, image analysis, medical diagnostics and computer modeling techniques. In the final year the students will undertake an independent, faculty-supervised thesis project in an area of personal research interest. Co-op and industrial internship options are available. Our program promotes natural interaction between physics, life sciences, mathematics and computing. The flexibility built into our curriculum will open a variety of career options for our graduates.

Antimirova, Tetyana

2006-12-01

442

Modern problems in the physical sciences (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 23 November 2011)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On 23 November 2011, the scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) was held at the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS.The following reports were put on the session agenda posted on the website www.gpad.ac.ru of the RAS Physical Sciences Division: (1) Ionin A A (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "High-power infrared and ultraviolet lasers and their applications"; (2) Romanovskii M Yu (Prokhorov General Physics Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Laser-induced acceleration of the forbidden captures of orbital electrons by nuclei"; (3) Petrukovich A A (Space Research Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Earth's magnetosphere as a plasma laboratory"; (4) Shchur L N (Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, RAS, Chernogolovka, Moscow region) "Computational physics and the verification of theoretical predictions". Articles written on the base of oral reports 1, 2, and 4 are published below. • High-power IR- and UV-laser systems and their applications, A A Ionin Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 7, Pages 721-728 • Laser radiation enhancement of forbidden orbital electron captures and of neutrinoless double electron captures by nuclei, M Yu Romanovskii Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 7, Pages 728-733 • Computational physics and testing theoretical predictions, L N Shchur Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 7, Pages 733-738

2012-07-01

443

Biological and Physical Space Research Laboratory 2002 Science Review  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

With the International Space Station Program approaching core complete, our NASA Headquarters sponsor, the new Code U Enterprise, Biological and Physical Research, is shifting its research emphasis from purely fundamental microgravity and biological sciences to strategic research aimed at enabling human missions beyond Earth orbit. Although we anticipate supporting microgravity research on the ISS for some time to come, our laboratory has been vigorously engaged in developing these new strategic research areas.This Technical Memorandum documents the internal science research at our laboratory as presented in a review to Dr. Ann Whitaker, MSFC Science Director, in July 2002. These presentations have been revised and updated as appropriate for this report. It provides a snapshot of the internal science capability of our laboratory as an aid to other NASA organizations and the external scientific community.

Curreri, P. A. (Editor); Robinson, M. B. (Editor); Murphy, K. L. (Editor)

2003-01-01

444

Single Cell Measuring Device Identifies Key Physical Parameters of Metastatic Cancer | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Scott Manalis, principal investigator of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (MIT PS-OC), led this research team, which published its findings in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Other senior members of the team included Tyler Jacks, senior scientific investigator of the MIT PS-OC, and Parag Mallick, of Stanford University and a project leader at the University of Southern California PS-OC.

445

Nuclear Science Outreach in the World Year of Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ability of scientists to articulate the importance and value of their research has become increasingly important in the present climate of declining budgets, and this is most critical in the field of nuclear science ,where researchers must fight an uphill battle against negative public perception. Yet nuclear science encompasses important technical and societal issues that should be of primary interest to informed citizens, and the need for scientists trained in nuclear techniques are important for many applications in nuclear medicine, national security and future energy sources. The NSAC Education Subcommittee Report [1] identified the need for a nationally coordinated effort in nuclear science outreach, naming as its first recommendation that `the highest priority for new investment in education be the creation by the DOE and NSF of a Center for Nuclear Science Outreach'. This talk will review the present status of public outreach in nuclear science and highlight some specific efforts that have taken place during the World Year of Physics. [1] Education in Nuclear Science: A Status Report and Recommendations for the Beginning of the 21^st Century, A Report of the DOE/NSF Nuclear Science Advisory Committee Subcommittee on Education, November 2004, http://www.sc.doe.gov/henp/np/nsac/docs/NSACCReducationreportfinal.pdf.

McMahan, Margaret

2006-04-01

446

Teaching the Teachers: Physical Science for the Non-Scientific  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Catholic University of America, in collaboration with the Solar Physics Branch of the Naval Research Laboratory and the Goddard Space Flight Center, has begun development of an experimental, inquiry-driven and standards-referenced physical science course for undergraduate, pre-service K-8 teachers. The course is team-taught by faculty from the University's Departments of Education and Physics and NRL solar physics research personnel. Basic physical science concepts are taught in the context of the Sun and Sun-Earth Connections, through direct observation, web-based solar data, and images and movies from ongoing space missions. The Sun can illuminate, in ways that cannot be duplicated with comparable clarity in the laboratory, the basics of magnetic and gravitational force fields, Newton's Laws, and light and optics. The immediacy of the connection to ongoing space research and live mission data serves as well to inspire student interest and curiosity. Teaching objectives include pedagogical methods, especially hands-on and observational experiences appropriate to the physics content and the K-8 classroom. The CUA Program, called TOPS! (Top Teachers of Physical Science!) has completed its first year of classroom experience; the first few batches of Program graduates should be in K-8 classrooms in time to capitalize on the motivational opportunities offered by the 2007-2008 IHY and IPY. We present data on the attitudinal and scientific progress of fifteen pre-service Early Childhood and Elementary Education majors as they experienced, many for the first time, the marvels of attractive and repulsive forces, live observations of solar system dynamics, access to real-time satellite data and NASA educational resources.

Michels, D. J.; Pickert, S. M.; Montrose, C. J.; Thompson, J. L.

2004-12-01

447

Quantitative biology: where modern biology meets physical sciences  

PubMed Central

Quantitative methods and approaches have been playing an increasingly important role in cell biology in recent years. They involve making accurate measurements to test a predefined hypothesis in order to compare experimental data with predictions generated by theoretical models, an approach that has benefited physicists for decades. Building quantitative models in experimental biology not only has led to discoveries of counterintuitive phenomena but has also opened up novel research directions. To make the biological sciences more quantitative, we believe a two-pronged approach needs to be taken. First, graduate training needs to be revamped to ensure biology students are adequately trained in physical and mathematical sciences and vice versa. Second, students of both the biological and the physical sciences need to be provided adequate opportunities for hands-on engagement with the methods and approaches necessary to be able to work at the intersection of the biological and physical sciences. We present the annual Physiology Course organized at the Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, MA) as a case study for a hands-on training program that gives young scientists the opportunity not only to acquire the tools of quantitative biology but also to develop the necessary thought processes that will enable them to bridge the gap between these disciplines. PMID:25368426

Shekhar, Shashank; Zhu, Lian; Mazutis, Linas; Sgro, Allyson E.; Fai, Thomas G.; Podolski, Marija

2014-01-01

448

A physical sciences network characterization of non-tumorigenic and metastatic cells  

E-print Network

To investigate the transition from non-cancerous to metastatic from a physical sciences perspective, the Physical Sciences–Oncology Centers (PS-OC) Network performed molecular and biophysical comparative studies of the ...

Jacks, Tyler E.

449

Tumor-Causing Cells Are Squishier | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

A new tool developed by a team of scientists at The Methodist Hospital Research Institute Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (Methodist PS-OC) separates tumor-causing cancer cells from more benign cells by sifting the cells through an ordered set of microscopic posts. As reported in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, only more flexible, tumor-causing cells can navigate the micrometer-sized spaces between posts on a device that the researchers have named the MS-Chip.

450

Developing the learning physical science curriculum: Adapting a small enrollment, laboratory and discussion based physical science course for large enrollments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on the adaptation of the small enrollment, lab and discussion based physical science course, Physical Science and Everyday Thinking (PSET), for a large-enrollment, lecture-style setting. Like PSET, the new Learning Physical Science (LEPS) curriculum was designed around specific principles based on research on learning to meet the needs of nonscience students, especially prospective and practicing elementary and middle school teachers. We describe the structure of the two curricula and the adaptation process, including a detailed comparison of similar activities from the two curricula and a case study of a LEPS classroom implementation. In LEPS, short instructor-guided lessons replace lengthier small group activities, and movies, rather than hands-on investigations, provide the evidence used to support and test ideas. LEPS promotes student peer interaction as an important part of sense making via “clicker” questions, rather than small group and whole class discussions typical of PSET. Examples of student dialog indicate that this format is capable of generating substantive student discussion and successfully enacting the design principles. Field-test data show similar student content learning gains with the two curricula. Nevertheless, because of classroom constraints, some important practices of science that were an integral part of PSET were not included in LEPS.

Goldberg, Fred; Price, Edward; Robinson, Stephen; Boyd-Harlow, Danielle; McKean, Michael

2012-06-01

451

Developing the learning physical science curriculum: Adapting a small enrollment, laboratory and discussion based physical science course for large enrollments  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We report on the adaptation of the small enrollment, lab and discussion based physical science course, Physical Science and Everyday Thinking (PSET), for a large-enrollment, lecture-style setting. Like PSET, the new Learning Physical Science (LEPS) curriculum was designed around specific principles based on research on learning to meet the needs of nonscience students, especially prospective and practicing elementary and middle school teachers. We describe the structure of the two curricula and the adaptation process, including a detailed comparison of similar activities from the two curricula and a case study of a LEPS classroom implementation. In LEPS, short instructor-guided lessons replace lengthier small group activities, and movies, rather than hands-on investigations, provide the evidence used to support and test ideas. LEPS promotes student peer interaction as an important part of sense making via âclickerâ questions, rather than small group and whole class discussions typical of PSET. Examples of student dialog indicate that this format is capable of generating substantive student discussion and successfully enacting the design principles. Field-test data show similar student content learning gains with the two curricula. Nevertheless, because of classroom constraints, some important practices of science that were an integral part of PSET were not included in LEPS.

Goldberg, Fred; Price, Edward; Robinson, Stephen J.; Boyd-Harlow, Danielle; Mckean, Michael

2012-05-21

452

QFT In Physical Systems: Condensed Matter to Life Sciences  

E-print Network

A panoramic view is given of the applications of QFT to diverse areas of physics, beginning with the concepts of QED Vacuum as well as of electron self-energy and renormalization. The related concepts of the degenerate vacuum, spontaneous symmetry breaking (SSB)and Nambu-Goldstone bosons, together with their applications to condensed matter physics and quasi particles are outlined. The possibilities of application to life sciences are also examined. Finally the alternative method of Path integrals for introducing QFT is briefly indicated.

A. N. Mitra

2011-08-01

453

Student goals and expectations in a large-enrollment physical science class N. Sanjay Rebello  

E-print Network

1 Student goals and expectations in a large-enrollment physical science class N. Sanjay Rebello Physics Department, Kansas State University, Manhattan KS 66506-2601 Abstract: What are the goals of non-science students taking a lecture-based physical science course? Do students' goals and expectations change

Zollman, Dean

454

Foundations for Complex Systems Research in the Physical Sciences and Engineering  

E-print Network

Foundations for Complex Systems Research in the Physical Sciences and Engineering Report from, Northwestern University, Co-Chair #12;Foundations for Complex Systems Research in the Physical Sciences and Mathematical and Physical Sciences Directorates charged us to identify "barriers" and "gaps" that impede

Dobson, Ian

455

SANTA CRUZ: OFFICE OF THE DEAN DIVISION OF PHYSICAL & BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES  

E-print Network

SANTA CRUZ: OFFICE OF THE DEAN DIVISION OF PHYSICAL & BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA-(Letterhead for interdepartmental use) August 17, 2012 PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES COMMUNITY Re: Year-end Message Dear the Physical and Biological Sciences Division as I begin my first term as dean, following a year as interim

California at Santa Cruz, University of

456

Roadmap: Physics Pre-Medicine/Pre-Osteopathy -Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-PMDO  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physics ­ Pre-Medicine/Pre-Osteopathy - Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-PMDO] College of the Arts and Sciences Department of Physics Catalog Year: 2013-2014 Page 1 of 3 | Last Updated: 25-Sept-13 1 PHY 23101 General University Physics I 5 Fulfills Kent Core Basic Sciences US 10097 Destination

Sheridan, Scott

457

About the Department The Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science (PTRS) at the  

E-print Network

About the Department The Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science (PTRS in physical rehabilitation science DPT/PHD DUAL DEGREE PROGRAM Our Vision To excel in education, research education, research, clinical practice, and service in physical therapy and rehabilitation science

Weber, David J.

458

Bachelor of Science, Physics, Secondary Education, 2012-2013 Name ID# Date  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Science, Physics, Secondary Education, 2012-2013 Name ID# Date General Degree Sciences, Chemistry, Earth Science, or Mathematics. Single Field Endorsement in Physics (To total 46 to 48, 211L Physics I with Calculus & Lab DLV Visual and Performing Arts DLL PHIL 101 Knowledge and Reality

Barrash, Warren

459

Program Assessment Plan -Graduate Programs: Master of Science in Engineering Physics (113*/40.0801)  

E-print Network

Program Assessment Plan - Graduate Programs: Master of Science in Engineering Physics (113 Plan ­ Graduate Programs: Master of Science in Engineering Physics," will be housed in the Department in Engineering Physics (113*/40.0801) Concentrations include: a. Master of Science in Systems and Laboratory

Thaxton, Christopher S.

460

Physics Lectures and Laboratories. A Model To Improve Preservice Elementary Science Teacher Development. Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A group of scientists and science educators has developed and pilot tested an integrated physical science program designed for preservice elementary school teachers. This document includes the syllabus and class materials for the Physics block of the physical science courses developed by the group. Included are diagrams, lecture notes, homework…

Dresser, Miles

461

Scientific Research in British Universities and Colleges 1969-70, Volume I, Physical Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annual publication (1969-1970) contains brief statements about current research in the physical sciences being conducted at British universities and colleges. Areas included are chemistry, physics, engineering, biochemistry, biometry, biophysics, physical geography, mathematics, computing science, and history and philosophy of science. (CP)

Department of Education and Science, London (England).

462

Are Grades 10-12 Physical Sciences Teachers Equipped to Teach Physics?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

South African schools have been confronted with educational reform since the mid-nineties and the process is still continuing. The concomitant changes put a very high demand on physical sciences teachers and also have an impact on teacher behaviour. The purpose of this study was to probe whether teachers could be considered equipped to teach the…

Basson, Ilsa; Kriek, Jeanne

2012-01-01

463

Attitudes about Science and Conceptual Physics Learning in University Introductory Physics Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the results of the repeated administration of the Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey (CLASS) in a large introductory physics course at a midsize, metropolitan Canadian university. We compare the results to those obtained previously in comparable courses at the University of British Columbia (Canada) and the…

Milner-Bolotin, Marina; Antimirova, Tetyana; Noack, Andrea; Petrov, Anna

2011-01-01

464

New Technique Measures Key Physical Properties of Single Cells | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

A team of investigators from The Scripps Research Institute Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (TSRI PS-OC) has developed a technique that can determine weight based on appearance. The optical imaging technique, called tomographic bright field imaging (TBFI), can be used in various scientific research settings and has the potential to directly impact blood cell research in cancer patients.

465

Exploring Relationships: Teacher Characteristics and Student Learning in Physical Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Department of Physics and the School of Education at Seattle Pacific University, together with FACET Innovations, LLC, are beginning the second year of a five-year NSF TPC grant, Improving the Effectiveness of Teacher Diagnostic Skills and Tools. We are working in partnership with school districts in Washington State to identify and characterize widespread productive and unproductive modes of reasoning employed by both pre-college students and teachers on foundational topics in physical science. In the first year of the grant, base-line preand post-test data were collected from a large number (N 2300) of middle and high school students. We will discuss relationships between preand post-test results, student learning gains, and student and teacher characteristics. * Supported in part by NSF grant #ESI-0455796, The Boeing Corporation, and the SPU Science Initiative.

Close, Eleanor; Vokos, S.; Seeley, L.

2006-12-01

466

Sean E. Hanlon, Ph.D. | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Dr. Sean E. Hanlon is a molecular biologist and genomicist with an emphasis on problems in chromatin organization, epigenetics, and transcriptional regulation. Dr. Hanlon currently serves as a Program Director for the Physical Sciences-Oncology Network (PS-ON) within the Division of Cancer Biology (DCB) at the NCI. In this role, he assists in the scientific management and oversight of the PS-ON by identifying synergistic opportunities and fostering collaborations. Dr.

467

Mathematics Probes Evolution of Breast Cancer | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Using a complex mathematical model that reproduces the evolution of mutations in breast cancer, researchers at the Dana Farber Cancer Institute Physical Sciences-Oncology Center have identified a plausible mechanism that explains the unusual genetics of hereditary breast cancers and those that arise sporadically. The investigators, Franziska Michor and graduate student Laura de Vargas Roditi, published their findings in the Journal of Theoretical Biology.

468

Cognitive Science: Problem Solving And Learning For Physics Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Cognitive Science has focused on general principles of problem solving and learning that might be relevant for physics education research. This paper examines three selected issues that have relevance for the difficulty of transfer in problem solving domains: specialized systems of memory and reasoning, the importance of content in thinking, and a characterization of memory retrieval in problem solving. In addition, references to these issues are provided to allow the interested researcher entries to the literatures.

Ross, Brian H.

2009-07-13

469

The Methodist Hospital Research Institute | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

The Methodist Hospital Research Institute Physical Sciences-Oncology Center evaluates the process of mass transport in cancer to generate novel methods to improve diagnosis and treatment of cancer. This center focuses on hepatic, breast, colorectal, and pancreatic primary cancers as well on liver metastasis of the last three conditions. The investigators show that transport differentials are very important in the ability to efficiently treat malignancies.

470

Predicting How Fast Cells Move | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

By carefully studying the clusters of proteins (focal adhesions) that help cells adhere to surfaces, two investigators from the Johns Hopkins University Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (Johns Hopkins PS-OC) have uncovered a relationship between the size of these clusters and the speed at which cells moves. Denis Wirtz, Johns Hopkins PS-OC principle investigator, and graduate student Dong-Hwee Kim. The results of their studies are published in The FASEB Journal.

471

New Capability for Nuclear Physics and HED Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

NIF is within a year from completion and conducting experiments in inertial confinement fusion (ICF), stockpile stewardship, high energy density (HED) science and nuclear physics. NIF's 192 beams will produce 1.8 MJ at 351 nm, 60 times more than the largest previous lasers. NIF will attempt to demonstrate ICF, by which more fusion energy is released from its ^2H-^3H target

William H. Goldstein

2008-01-01

472

Some Malignant Cells Are Born Leaders | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Thanks to some clever tissue engineering to create a three-dimensional model of a breast tumor, researchers at the Cornell University Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (Cornell PS-OC) have shown that metastatic tumor cells are able to recruit non-metastatic cells to collectively invade the extracellular matrix that surrounds a tumor. These results suggest that different cell types in a tumor may cooperate to invade surrounding tissues and lead to the development of metastatic disease.

473

Department of Crop and Soil Sciences PhD Graduate Research Assistantship: Soil Science/Soil Quality/Soil Physics  

E-print Network

Department of Crop and Soil Sciences PhD Graduate Research Assistantship: Soil Science/Soil Qualifications: · MS in Soil Science, Environmental Science, Environmental Engineering, or closely related field Quality/Soil Physics Position Summary: Plastic mulches are used in agriculture to conserve water, suppress

Flury, Markus

474

Fixed or mixed: a comparison of three, four and mixed-option multiple-choice tests in a Fetal Surveillance Education Program  

PubMed Central

Background Despite the widespread use of multiple-choice assessments in medical education assessment, current practice and published advice concerning the number of response options remains equivocal. This article describes an empirical study contrasting the quality of three 60 item multiple-choice test forms within the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RANZCOG) Fetal Surveillance Education Program (FSEP). The three forms are described below. Methods The first form featured four response options per item. The second form featured three response options, having removed the least functioning option from each item in the four-option counterpart. The third test form was constructed by retaining the best performing version of each item from the first two test forms. It contained both three and four option items. Results Psychometric and educational factors were taken into account in formulating an approach to test construction for the FSEP. The four-option test performed better than the three-option test overall, but some items were improved by the removal of options. The mixed-option test demonstrated better measurement properties than the fixed-option tests, and has become the preferred test format in the FSEP program. The criteria used were reliability, errors of measurement and fit to the item response model. Conclusions The position taken is that decisions about the number of response options be made at the item level, with plausible options being added to complete each item on both psychometric and educational grounds rather than complying with a uniform policy. The point is to construct the better performing item in providing the best psychometric and educational information. PMID:23453056

2013-01-01

475

Millikan Lecture 1998: Building a science of teaching physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Individual teachers of college level physics sometimes develop deep insights into how their students learn and what elements of classroom instruction are valuable in facilitating the learning process. Yet these insights rarely persist beyond the individual instructor. Educational methods seem to cycle from one fad to another, rarely cumulating increasingly powerful knowledge in the way scientists expect understanding to grow. In this paper I explore the character of our understanding of the physical world and of teaching about it. The critical factor is using "the culture of science"-the set of processes that allow us to build a community consensus knowledge base. Elements of the beginning of a base for our educational knowledge are discussed and examples given from discipline-based physics education research.

Redish, Edward F.

2005-10-20

476

Virtual Institute of Astroparticle physics - science and education online  

E-print Network

Virtual Institute of Astroparticle Physics (VIA), integrated in the structure of Laboratory of AstroParticle physics and Cosmology (APC) is evolved in a unique multi-functional complex of $e-science$ and $e-learning$, supporting at distance interactive online participation in conferences and meetings, various forms of collaborative scientific work as well as programs of education. The activity of VIA takes place on its website and includes regular videoconferences with systematic basic courses and lectures on various issues of astroparticle physics, regular online transmission of APC Colloquiums, participation at distance in various scientific meetings and conferences, library of their records and presentations, a multilingual Forum. VIA virtual rooms are open for meetings of scientific groups and for individual work of supervisors with their students. The format of a VIA videoconferences was effectively used in the program of XV Bled Workshop to provide a world-wide participation at distance in discussion of...

Khlopov, Maxim Yu

2012-01-01

477

75 FR 6651 - Office of Science; High Energy Physics Advisory Panel  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...with respect to the high energy physics research program. Tentative Agenda...Department of Energy High Energy Physics Program. Discussion of National Science Foundation Elementary Particle Physics Program. Reports on and...

2010-02-10

478

Science in China Series G: Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy 2008 SCIENCE IN CHINA PRESS  

E-print Network

is estimated from the precise kinematic orbits based on the theory of satellite dynamics to fit the CHAMPScience in China Series G: Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy © 2008 SCIENCE IN CHINA PRESS Springer. 10 | 1597-1606 www.scichina.com phys.scichina.com www.springerlink.com Analysis on motion of Earth

Hwang, Cheinway

479

Implications of computer science principles for quantum physics  

E-print Network

The Church-Turing thesis is one of the pillars of computer science; it postulates that every classical system has equivalent computability power to the so-called Turing machine. While this thesis is crucial for our understanding of computing devices, its implications in other scientific fields have hardly been explored. Here we start this research programme in the context of quantum physics and show that computer science laws have profound implications for some of the most fundamental results of the theory. We first show how they question our knowledge on what a mixed quantum state is, as we identify situations in which ensembles of quantum states defining the same mixed state, indistinguishable according to the quantum postulates, do become distinguishable when prepared by a computer. We also show a new loophole for Bell-like experiments: if some of the parties in a Bell-like experiment use a computer to decide which measurements to make, then the computational resources of an eavesdropper have to be limited in order to have a proper observation of non-locality. Our work opens a new direction in the search for a framework unifying computer science and quantum physics.

Ariel Bendersky; Gonzalo de la Torre; Gabriel Senno; Santiago Figueira; Antonio Acin

2014-07-02

480

Development of a Physical Science Course for Elementary Education Majors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have developed a physical science content course for elementary education majors that is aligned with state standards. The course incorporates several hands-on activities related to the Virginia Standards of Learning that have already been implemented as one-hour lessons in elementary classrooms. Topics include measurement, properties of matter, motion & energy, electricity & magnetism, sound & light, chemical & physical processes, weather, and the solar system. In addition to the hands-on activities, course content is discussed in a small lecture format with questions posed throughout the material. The students discuss these questions in assigned groups and then answer them using remote answer devices (see www.einstruction.com). Lastly, conceptual ideas in class are reinforced using online LON-CAPA homework questions that are individually randomized for each student and provide immediate feedback (see loncapa.org). Those questions which indicate a high degree-of-difficulty are reassigned during following weeks to provide multiple opportunities for practice. All of these active learning approaches reinforce basic concepts necessary to teach physical science at the elementary level.

Baski, A. A.; Hunnicutt, S.

2007-03-01

481

Forming Modern Citizens in the 1960s: Comparative Analysis of Teaching in Natural Sciences, Physical Sciences and Physical Education throughout France  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reforms made to France's education system structures during the 1960s resulted in a repositioning of academic subjects within study plans. This article looks at three relatively similar subjects (physical sciences, natural sciences and physical education) and throws light on the arguments put forward to defend the purpose of each of them in the…

Attali, Michael; Guedj-Chauchard, Muriel; Saint-Martin, Jean; Savaton, Pierre

2011-01-01

482

Physics by Inquiry: A research-based approach to preparing K-12 teachers of physics and physical science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Physics Education Group at the University of Washington (UW) has been conducting special courses for K-12 teachers for more than 30 years. They have developed a sequence of academic-year courses for prospective elementary and middle school teachers and another sequence for prospective high school teachers. They also conduct an intensive NSF-funded six-week Summer Institute for Inservice Teachers that has similar goals. The materials used in both the preservice and inservice courses are drawn from Physics by Inquiry, a self-contained, laboratory-based curriculum that has been developed for use in university courses to prepare K-12 teachers to teach physics and physical science. The emphasis in this paper is on elementary and middle school. However, most of the discussion is applicable to the preparation of high school teachers.

Mcdermott, Lillian C.; Heron, Paula R.; Shaffer, Peter S.

2007-11-02

483

The Science on Saturday Program at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Science on Saturday Program at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory consists of a series of Saturday morning lectures on various topics in science by scientists, engineers, educators, and others with an interesting story. This program has been in existence for over twelve years and has been advertised to and primarily aimed at the high school level. Topics ranging from superconductivity to computer animation and gorilla conservation to pharmaceutical design have been covered. Lecturers from the staff of Princeton, Rutgers, AT and T, Bristol Meyers Squibb, and many others have participated. Speakers have ranged from Nobel prize winners, astronauts, industrialists, educators, engineers, and science writers. Typically, there are eight to ten lectures starting in January. A mailing list has been compiled for schools, science teachers, libraries, and museums in the Princeton area. For the past two years AT and T has sponsored buses for Trenton area students to come to these lectures and an effort has been made to publicize the program to these students. The series has been very popular, frequently overfilling the 300 seat PPPL auditorium. As a result, the lectures are videotaped and broadcast to a large screen TV for remote viewing. Lecturers are encouraged to interact with the audience and ample time is provided for questions.

Bretz, N.; Lamarche, P.; Lagin, L.; Ritter, C.; Carroll, D. L.

1996-11-01

484

Students, language, and physics: Discourse in the science classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Women and minorities do not enter science professions at rates consistent with their populations (Rosser, 2000). A variety of theoretical frameworks and associated interventions have been cited in the literature; yet, the gender and racial gaps remain. Theoretical frameworks and the associated interventions to promote the success of women and minorities in the sciences have primarily been one dimensional: they address issues of Self (associated with experiential and psychoanalytical framings) or Language (categorical and deconstructive framings) (Grumet & Stone, 2000). Furthermore, research in science education with few exceptions (Hanson, 2004), has failed to address race and gender through an intersectional analysis. This study investigates the inclusion and exclusion of girls and minorities in the sciences by examining the connections between Self and Language in physics group work conversations. Critical Discourse Analysis was used to explore the connections between Self and Language. Eight students in two groups were the focus of the study. Transcription of conversations and coding of transcripts with students' subject positions, genres, and registers provided evidence of the reflexivity of Self and Language. Furthermore, the study demonstrated how group discourse and power imbalances within groups serve to simultaneously facilitate and constrain learning opportunities and learning itself.

Kowalski, Susan Marie

485

Physical sciences research plans for the International Space Station  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The restructuring of the research capabilities of the International Space Station has forced a reassessment of the Physical Sciences research plans and a re-targeting of the major scientific thrusts. The combination of already selected peer-reviewed flight investigations with the initiation of new research and technology programs will allow the maximization of the ISS scientific and technological potential. Fundamental and applied research will use a combination of ISS-based facilities, ground-based activities, and other experimental platforms to address issues impacting fundamental knowledge, industrial and medical applications on Earth, and the technology required for human space exploration. The current flight investigation research plan shows a large number of principal investigators selected to use the remaining planned research facilities. c2003 American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Trinh, E. H.

2003-01-01

486

Invisible World and Modern Physics: Modern Science and Theology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A characteristic of the Western thought is the effort to counter Christian theology through arguments based on scientific discoveries (antirrhetic theology). Two objections can be raised against this trait: a) Modern science considers as a fact the future expansions, corrections, even total abolishment of scientific knowledge in the face of new discoveries. Therefore, dogmatic positions must not be based on temporary scientific views. b) Antirrhetic theology is mostly based on out-of-date scientific views of the period 1650-1900, which are not valid any more. The example of modern physics and cosmology is prime among them; in these sciences, the prevailing theories are based on the existence of an imperceptible reality, or on apparently “illogical” (in the sense of classical logic) fundamental properties of matter and its particles in quantum mechanics.

Theodossiou, E.; Manimanis, V. N.; Danezis, E.

2010-07-01

487

The Science Shop for Physics: an interface between practical problems in society and physical knowledge  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since some 20 years most Dutch universities have one or more science shops. Central shops handle research questions for all disciplines. Specialized shops are part of a department of chemistry or medicine, history, social science, etc. The shops have evolved rather differently, but their main mission still is to help social groups that lack money and have no easy access to scientific knowledge, e.g. neighbourhood, environmental, third world or patient groups. Most also help non-commercial organizations such as schools, trade unions or local authorities. Low-cost help can be provided because students do the work as part of their training, mainly in student projects (literature search, practical work, graduation, etc.). A total staff of 80, helped by 600 students, 250 voluntary and 50 paid researchers, handle 1500 questions resulting in 300 reports (estimated figures 1995). Science shops for physics (`Physics Shop', PS) have to deal with practical problems, generally involving classical physics. Major topics are noise, vibration, radiation, indoor climate and energy: most of the work lies in estimating/measuring relevant parameters, assessing impact, seeking solutions. The 3 Dutch PS's have developed in different directions. One is run entirely by students and deals with small, concrete problems. The second PS is managed by a co-ordinator who mediates between client groups and physics staff members who assist students in small and larger projects. The third has a lot of in-house expertise, and the shop staff is in direct contact with client groups as well as students who work in the PS itself. In questions submitted to the PS it is not always immediately clear what to do or how to do it because of the non-scientific phrasing of the problems and problems include non-physical (e.g. technical, health or legal) aspects. Also, difficulties in solving the problems are typically not in the underlying physics, but in the lack of accurate data and of control of the complex environment. However, these very aspects are important from an educational point of view. Through these problems students (and physicists) may gain more insight into how lay people percieve and make use of science, and into the position of science in relation to other ways in which people try to understand their world.

van den Berg, G. P.

1998-03-01

488

Numerical Data Advisory Board assembly of mathematial and physical sciences  

SciTech Connect

The Numerical Data Advisory Board (NDAB) is an advisory body that provides expert overview, on a broad basis, of data needs and data programs as required for the advancement of science and technology. Board members, representing various disciplines, concern themselves with the quality, reliability, availability, accessibility, and dissemination of numerical data in physical, chemical, engineering, and interdisciplinary subjects as well as numeric and non-numeric data that arise in biology and geology. Topics of concern are addressed by the NDAB membership, or by specific, carefully chosen committees and panels established by NDAB in order to include experts appropriate to the subject at hand.

Not Available

1980-07-30

489

Bringing the physical sciences into your cell biology research  

PubMed Central

Historically, much of biology was studied by physicists and mathematicians. With the advent of modern molecular biology, a wave of researchers became trained in a new scientific discipline filled with the language of genes, mutants, and the central dogma. These new molecular approaches have provided volumes of information on biomolecules and molecular pathways from the cellular to the organismal level. The challenge now is to determine how this seemingly endless list of components works together to promote the healthy function of complex living systems. This effort requires an interdisciplinary approach by investigators from both the biological and the physical sciences. PMID:23112230

Robinson, Douglas N.; Iglesias, Pablo A.

2012-01-01

490

Bringing the physical sciences into your cell biology research.  

PubMed

Historically, much of biology was studied by physicists and mathematicians. With the advent of modern molecular biology, a wave of researchers became trained in a new scientific discipline filled with the language of genes, mutants, and the central dogma. These new molecular approaches have provided volumes of information on biomolecules and molecular pathways from the cellular to the organismal level. The challenge now is to determine how this seemingly endless list of components works together to promote the healthy function of complex living systems. This effort requires an interdisciplinary approach by investigators from both the biological and the physical sciences. PMID:23112230

Robinson, Douglas N; Iglesias, Pablo A

2012-11-01

491

Physics Myth Busting: A Lab-Centered Course for Non-Science Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is ongoing interest in how and what we teach in physics courses for non-science students, so-called "physics for poets" courses. Art Hobson has effectively argued that teaching science literacy should be a key ingredient in these courses. Hobson uses Jon Millers definition of science literacy, which has two components: first, "a basic…

Madsen, Martin John

2011-01-01

492

Development and evaluation of large-enrollment, active-learning physical science curriculum  

E-print Network

that is inquiry-based, includes an explicit focus on nature of science and the nature of learning, and is suitable Thinking (PSET). PSET is an inquiry-based, hands-on, physical science curriculum that includes an explicitDevelopment and evaluation of large-enrollment, active- learning physical science curriculum Fred

Goldberg, Fred M.

493

Examining the Conceptual Organization of Students in an Integrated Algebra and Physical Science Class.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares the conceptual organization of students in an integrated algebra and physical science class (SAM 9) with that of students in a discipline-specific physical science class (PSO). Analysis of students' concept maps indicates that the SAM9 students used a greater number of procedural linkages to connect mathematics and science concepts than…

Westbrook, Susan L.

1998-01-01

494

Preparing teachers to teach science by inquiry: The role of physics education research  

Microsoft Academic Search

A major reason for the perceived national crisis in science education is the failure to prepare (K-12) teachers to teach science effectively. Typically, neither physics courses for majors or non-majors provide the kind of preparation required for teaching science as a process of inquiry. Research on the learning and teaching of physics can guide the design of special courses that

Paula R. L. Heron

2001-01-01

495

Preparing teachers to teach science by inquiry: The role of physics education research  

Microsoft Academic Search

A major reason for the perceived national crisis in science education is the failure to prepare (K-12) teachers to teach science effectively. Typically, neither physics courses for majors or non-majors provide the kind of preparation required for teaching science as a process of inquiry. Research on the learning and teaching of physics can guide the design of special courses that

Lillian C. McDermott

2000-01-01

496

Deriving Accessible Science Books for the Blind Students of Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a novel integrated methodology for the development and production of accessible physics and science books from the elementary up to tertiary educational levels. This language independent approach adopts the Design-for-All principles, the available international standards for alternative formats and the Universal Design for Learning (UDL) Guidelines. Moreover it supports both static (embossed and refreshable tactile) and dynamic (based on synthetic speech and other sounds) accessibility. It can produce Tactile Books (Embossed Braille and Tactile Graphics), Digital Talking Books (or Digital Audio Books), Large Print Books as well as Acoustic-Tactile Books for the blind and visually impaired students as well as but for the print-disabled. This methodology has been successfully applied in the case of blind students of the Physics, Mathematics and Informatics Departments in the University of Athens.

Kouroupetroglou, Georgios; Kacorri, Hernisa

2010-01-01

497

Establishing confidence in complex physics codes: Art or science?  

SciTech Connect

The ALEGRA shock wave physics code, currently under development at Sandia National Laboratories and partially supported by the US Advanced Strategic Computing Initiative (ASCI), is generic to a certain class of physics codes: large, multi-application, intended to support a broad user community on the latest generation of massively parallel supercomputer, and in a continual state of formal development. To say that the author has ``confidence`` in the results of ALEGRA is to say something different than that he believes that ALEGRA is ``predictive.`` It is the purpose of this talk to illustrate the distinction between these two concepts. The author elects to perform this task in a somewhat historical manner. He will summarize certain older approaches to code validation. He views these methods as aiming to establish the predictive behavior of the code. These methods are distinguished by their emphasis on local information. He will conclude that these approaches are more art than science.

Trucano, T. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1997-12-31

498

BS-MS 081223.doc 1 The 5-Year B.S./M.S. in Physics and Materials Science  

E-print Network

BS-MS 081223.doc 1 The 5-Year B.S./M.S. in Physics and Materials Science Qualified senior students Bachelor of Science degree in Physics and a Masters degree in Materials Science. This program is intended enrolled in the Bachelor of Science program/Materials Science Option within the Physics Department, and (2

New Hampshire, University of

499

Biographical Sources in the Sciences--Life, Earth and Physical Sciences (1989-2006). LC Science Tracer Bullet. TB 06-4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide offers a systematic approach to the wide variety of published biographical information on men and women of science in the life, earth and physical sciences, primarily from 1989 to 2006, and complements Library of Congress Science Tracer Bullet "TB88-3" ("Biographical Sources in the Sciences," compiled 1988 [ED306074]) and "TB06-7"…

Freitag, Ruth, Comp.; Bradley, Michelle Cadoree, Comp.

2006-01-01

500

Physical Sciences for Elementary School Teachers Page 213Sonoma State University 2011-2012 Catalog Program Advisors and Offices  

E-print Network

Physical Sciences for Elementary School Teachers Page 213Sonoma State University 2011-2012 Catalog@universe.sonoma.edu Program Offered Minor in Physical Sciences The minor in physical sciences for elementary teachers provides an introduction to the physical sciences at a nontechnical (nonmath- ematical) level. The minor is intended

Ravikumar, B.