Science.gov

Sample records for physical science multiple-choice

  1. Using a Classroom Response System to Improve Multiple-Choice Performance in AP[R] Physics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bertrand, Peggy

    2009-01-01

    Participation in rigorous high school courses such as Advanced Placement (AP[R]) Physics increases the likelihood of college success, especially for students who are traditionally underserved. Tackling difficult multiple-choice exams should be part of any AP program because well-constructed multiple-choice questions, such as those on AP exams and…

  2. Gender Differences in Introductory Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Exams: Multiple Choice versus Constructed Response Questions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weaver, Andrew J.; Raptis, Helen

    2001-01-01

    Analyzes 295 male and 194 female examinations from introductory atmospheric and oceanic science courses to determine whether or not there exist gender differences in the performance on multiple choice versus constructed response sections of the exams. (Author/SAH)

  3. Multiple-Choice Exams: An Obstacle for Higher-Level Thinking in Introductory Science Classes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanger-Hall, Kathrin F.

    2012-01-01

    Learning science requires higher-level (critical) thinking skills that need to be practiced in science classes. This study tested the effect of exam format on critical-thinking skills. Multiple-choice (MC) testing is common in introductory science courses, and students in these classes tend to associate memorization with MC questions and may not…

  4. Visual Attention for Solving Multiple-Choice Science Problem: An Eye-Tracking Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tsai, Meng-Jung; Hou, Huei-Tse; Lai, Meng-Lung; Liu, Wan-Yi; Yang, Fang-Ying

    2012-01-01

    This study employed an eye-tracking technique to examine students' visual attention when solving a multiple-choice science problem. Six university students participated in a problem-solving task to predict occurrences of landslide hazards from four images representing four combinations of four factors. Participants' responses and visual attention…

  5. Potential Values of Incorporating a Multiple-Choice Question Construction in Physics Experimentation Instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Fu-Yun; Liu, Yu-Hsin

    2005-09-01

    The potential value of a multiple-choice question-construction instructional strategy for the support of students’ learning of physics experiments was examined in the study. Forty-two university freshmen participated in the study for a whole semester. A constant comparison method adopted to categorize students’ qualitative data indicated that the influences of multiple-choice question construction were evident in several significant ways (promoting constructive and productive studying habits; reflecting and previewing course-related materials; increasing in-group communication and interaction; breaking passive learning style and habits, etc.), which, worked together, not only enhanced students’ comprehension and retention of the obtained knowledge, but also helped distil a sense of empowerment and learning community within the participants. Analysis with one-group t-tests, using 3 as the expected mean, on quantitative data further found that students’ satisfaction toward past learning experience, and perceptions toward this strategy’s potentials for promoting learning were statistically significant at the 0.0005 level, while learning anxiety was not statistically significant. Suggestions for incorporating question-generation activities within classroom and topics for future studies were rendered.

  6. Learning Physics Teaching through Collaborative Design of Conceptual Multiple-Choice Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milner-Bolotin, Marina

    2015-01-01

    Increasing student engagement through Electronic Response Systems (clickers) has been widely researched. Its success largely depends on the quality of multiple-choice questions used by instructors. This paper describes a pilot project that focused on the implementation of online collaborative multiple-choice question repository, PeerWise, in a…

  7. The Development and Validation of a Two-Tiered Multiple-Choice Instrument to Identify Alternative Conceptions in Earth Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mangione, Katherine Anna

    2010-01-01

    This study was to determine reliability and validity for a two-tiered, multiple- choice instrument designed to identify alternative conceptions in earth science. Additionally, this study sought to identify alternative conceptions in earth science held by preservice teachers, to investigate relationships between self-reported confidence scores and…

  8. A Case Study on Multiple-Choice Testing in Anatomical Sciences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Golda, Stephanie DuPont

    2011-01-01

    Objective testing techniques, such as multiple-choice examinations, are a widely accepted method of assessment in gross anatomy. In order to deter cheating on these types of examinations, instructors often design several versions of an examination to distribute. These versions usually involve the rearrangement of questions and their corresponding…

  9. The development and validation of a two-tiered multiple-choice instrument to identify alternative conceptions in earth science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mangione, Katherine Anna

    This study was to determine reliability and validity for a two-tiered, multiple- choice instrument designed to identify alternative conceptions in earth science. Additionally, this study sought to identify alternative conceptions in earth science held by preservice teachers, to investigate relationships between self-reported confidence scores and understanding of earth science concepts, and to describe relationships between content knowledge and alternative conceptions and planning instruction in the science classroom. Eighty-seven preservice teachers enrolled in the MAT program participated in this study. Sixty-eight participants were female, twelve were male, and seven chose not to answer. Forty-seven participants were in the elementary certification program, five were in the middle school certification program, and twenty-nine were pursuing secondary certification. Results indicate that the two-tiered, multiple-choice format can be a reliable and valid method for identifying alternative conceptions. Preservice teachers in all certification areas who participated in this study may possess common alternative conceptions previously identified in the literature. Alternative conceptions included: all rivers flow north to south, the shadow of the Earth covers the Moon causing lunar phases, the Sun is always directly overhead at noon, weather can be predicted by animal coverings, and seasons are caused by the Earth's proximity to the Sun. Statistical analyses indicated differences, however not all of them significant, among all subgroups according to gender and certification area. Generally males outperformed females and preservice teachers pursuing middle school certification had higher scores on the questionnaire followed by those obtaining secondary certification. Elementary preservice teachers scored the lowest. Additionally, self-reported scores of confidence in one's answers and understanding of the earth science concept in question were analyzed. There was a slight positive correlation between overall score and both confidence and understanding. Responses on the questionnaire were investigated with respect to pedagogical choices. Evidence suggests that content knowledge and having alternative conceptions or science fragments may impact a teacher's pedagogical choices. Through careful development of instruments like ACES-Q II-R and other two- tiered, multiple-choice instruments, educators and researchers car not only identify possible alternative conceptions, they can raise an awareness of alternative conceptions held by children and adults.

  10. Multiple choice questions are superior to extended matching questions to identify medicine and biomedical sciences students who perform poorly.

    PubMed

    Eijsvogels, Thijs M H; van den Brand, Tessa L; Hopman, Maria T E

    2013-11-01

    In recent years, medical faculties at Dutch universities have implemented a legally binding study advice to students of medicine and biomedical sciences during their propaedeutic phase. Appropriate examination is essential to discriminate between poor (grade <6), moderate (grade 6-8) and excellent (grade ?8) students. Therefore, we compared the discriminatory properties of extended matching questions (EMQs) versus multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and identified the role of sex, age and examination preference on this score. Data were collected for 452 first-year medical and biomedical science students during three distinct course examinations: one examination with EMQ only, one with MCQ only and one mixed examination (including EMQ and MCQ). Logistic regression analysis revealed that MCQ examination was 3 times better in identifying poor students compared with EMQ (RR 3.0, CI 2.0-4.5), whereas EMQ better detected excellent students (average grade ?8) (RR 1.93, CI 1.47-2.53). Mixed examination had comparable characteristics to MCQ. Sex and examination preference did not impact the score of the student. Students ?20 years had a 4-fold higher risk ratio of obtaining a poor grade (<6) compared with students ?18 years old (RR 4.1, CI 2.1-8.0). Given the strong discriminative capacity of MCQ examinations to identify poor students, we recommend the use of this type of examination during the propaedeutic phase of medicine and biomedical science study programmes, in the light of the binding study advice. PMID:24203858

  11. 1 Modular Design multiple choice quiz

    E-print Network

    Verschelde, Jan

    / 28 #12;modular design software cycle & quality 1 Modular Design multiple choice quiz bottom-up design to Computer Science (MCS 260) software cycle & quality L-22 4 March 2015 5 / 28 #12;modular design software cycle & quality 1 Modular Design multiple choice quiz bottom-up design 2 Python Implementation

  12. Alternative Forms of Assessment in Elementary Science: The Interactive Effects of Reading, Race, Economic Level and the Elementary Science Specialist on Hands-On and Multiple-Choice Assessment of Science Process Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saturnelli, Annette Miele; Repa, J. Theodore

    The specific focus of this research was to determine how the outcomes on two alternative forms of assessment (multiple-choice and hands-on/manipulative) for science process skills were related when students were grouped on the basis of sex, race/ethnicity, and poverty level. Subjects were 1,381 fourth graders in a culturally diverse city school…

  13. Exploring problem solving strategies on multiple-choice science items: Comparing native Spanish-speaking English Language Learners and mainstream monolinguals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kachchaf, Rachel Rae

    The purpose of this study was to compare how English language learners (ELLs) and monolingual English speakers solved multiple-choice items administered with and without a new form of testing accommodation---vignette illustration (VI). By incorporating theories from second language acquisition, bilingualism, and sociolinguistics, this study was able to gain more accurate and comprehensive input into the ways students interacted with items. This mixed methods study used verbal protocols to elicit the thinking processes of thirty-six native Spanish-speaking English language learners (ELLs), and 36 native-English speaking non-ELLs when solving multiple-choice science items. Results from both qualitative and quantitative analyses show that ELLs used a wider variety of actions oriented to making sense of the items than non-ELLs. In contrast, non-ELLs used more problem solving strategies than ELLs. There were no statistically significant differences in student performance based on the interaction of presence of illustration and linguistic status or the main effect of presence of illustration. However, there were significant differences based on the main effect of linguistic status. An interaction between the characteristics of the students, the items, and the illustrations indicates considerable heterogeneity in the ways in which students from both linguistic groups think about and respond to science test items. The results of this study speak to the need for more research involving ELLs in the process of test development to create test items that do not require ELLs to carry out significantly more actions to make sense of the item than monolingual students.

  14. Student-Generated Content: Enhancing Learning through Sharing Multiple-Choice Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardy, Judy; Bates, Simon P.; Casey, Morag M.; Galloway, Kyle W.; Galloway, Ross K.; Kay, Alison E.; Kirsop, Peter; McQueen, Heather A.

    2014-01-01

    The relationship between students' use of PeerWise, an online tool that facilitates peer learning through student-generated content in the form of multiple-choice questions (MCQs), and achievement, as measured by their performance in the end-of-module examinations, was investigated in 5 large early-years science modules (in physics, chemistry…

  15. Making the Most of Multiple Choice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brookhart, Susan M.

    2015-01-01

    Multiple-choice questions draw criticism because many people perceive they test only recall or atomistic, surface-level objectives and do not require students to think. Although this can be the case, it does not have to be that way. Susan M. Brookhart suggests that multiple-choice questions are a useful part of any teacher's questioning repertoire…

  16. Crowdsourcing Control: Moving Beyond Multiple Choice Christopher H. Lin Mausam Daniel S. Weld

    E-print Network

    Mausam

    , and Weld 2010; 2011) to quality control is the restriction to multiple choice questions, i.e., jobs whereCrowdsourcing Control: Moving Beyond Multiple Choice Christopher H. Lin Mausam Daniel S. Weld Department of Computer Science and Engineering University of Washington Seattle, WA 98195 {chrislin,mausam,weld

  17. Can free-response questions be approximated by multiple-choice equivalents?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Shih-Yin; Singh, Chandralekha

    2013-08-01

    We discuss a study to evaluate the extent to which free-response questions can be approximated by multiple-choice equivalents. Two carefully designed research-based multiple-choice questions were transformed into a free-response format and administered on the final exam in a calculus-based introductory physics course. The original multiple-choice questions were administered in another, similar introductory physics course on the final exam. Our findings suggest that carefully designed multiple-choice questions can reflect the relative performance on the free-response questions while maintaining the benefits of ease of grading and quantitative analysis, especially if the different choices in the multiple-choice questions are weighted to reflect the different levels of understanding that students display.

  18. MULTIPLE CHOICE TRIES AND DISTRIBUTED HASH TABLES

    E-print Network

    Devroye, Luc

    MULTIPLE CHOICE TRIES AND DISTRIBUTED HASH TABLES Luc Devroye Gâ??abor Lugosi Gahyun Park­04­1­3074, and NIH Grant R01 GM068959­01. #12; Abstract. In this paper we consider tries built from n strings is to obtain tries as balanced as possible. Various parameters such as height and fill­up level are analyzed

  19. MULTIPLE CHOICE TRIES AND DISTRIBUTED HASH TABLES

    E-print Network

    Devroye, Luc

    MULTIPLE CHOICE TRIES AND DISTRIBUTED HASH TABLES Luc Devroye G´abor Lugosi Gahyun Park-04-1-3074, and NIH Grant R01 GM068959-01. #12;Abstract. In this paper we consider tries built from n strings is to obtain tries as balanced as possible. Various parameters such as height and fill-up level are analyzed

  20. Middle School Students' Conceptual Learning from the Implementation of a New NSF Supported Curriculum: Interactions in Physical Science[TM

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eick, Charles J.; Dias, Michael; Smith, Nancy R. Cook

    2009-01-01

    A new National Science Foundation supported curriculum, Interactions in Physical Science[TM], was evaluated on students' conceptual change in the twelve concept areas of the national physical science content standard (B) for grades 5-8. Eighth grade students (N = 66) were evaluated pre and post on a 31-item multiple-choice test of conceptual…

  1. The Impact of Student Ability and Method for Varying the Position of Correct Answers in Classroom Multiple-Choice Tests

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joseph, Dane Christian

    2010-01-01

    Multiple-choice item-writing guideline research is in its infancy. Haladyna (2004) calls for a science of item-writing guideline research. The purpose of this study is to respond to such a call. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of student ability and method for varying the location of correct answers in classroom multiple-choice

  2. Science Library of Test Items. Volume Twenty. A Collection of Multiple Choice Test Items Relating Mainly to Physics, 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New South Wales Dept. of Education, Sydney (Australia).

    As one in a series of test item collections developed by the Assessment and Evaluation Unit of the Directorate of Studies, items are made available to teachers for the construction of unit tests or term examinations or as a basis for class discussion. Each collection was reviewed for content validity and reliability. The test items meet syllabus…

  3. Genetic Algorithms for Multiple-Choice Problems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aickelin, Uwe

    2010-04-01

    This thesis investigates the use of problem-specific knowledge to enhance a genetic algorithm approach to multiple-choice optimisation problems.It shows that such information can significantly enhance performance, but that the choice of information and the way it is included are important factors for success.Two multiple-choice problems are considered.The first is constructing a feasible nurse roster that considers as many requests as possible.In the second problem, shops are allocated to locations in a mall subject to constraints and maximising the overall income.Genetic algorithms are chosen for their well-known robustness and ability to solve large and complex discrete optimisation problems.However, a survey of the literature reveals room for further research into generic ways to include constraints into a genetic algorithm framework.Hence, the main theme of this work is to balance feasibility and cost of solutions.In particular, co-operative co-evolution with hierarchical sub-populations, problem structure exploiting repair schemes and indirect genetic algorithms with self-adjusting decoder functions are identified as promising approaches.The research starts by applying standard genetic algorithms to the problems and explaining the failure of such approaches due to epistasis.To overcome this, problem-specific information is added in a variety of ways, some of which are designed to increase the number of feasible solutions found whilst others are intended to improve the quality of such solutions.As well as a theoretical discussion as to the underlying reasons for using each operator,extensive computational experiments are carried out on a variety of data.These show that the indirect approach relies less on problem structure and hence is easier to implement and superior in solution quality.

  4. Benford's Law: textbook exercises and multiple-choice testbanks.

    PubMed

    Slepkov, Aaron D; Ironside, Kevin B; DiBattista, David

    2015-01-01

    Benford's Law describes the finding that the distribution of leading (or leftmost) digits of innumerable datasets follows a well-defined logarithmic trend, rather than an intuitive uniformity. In practice this means that the most common leading digit is 1, with an expected frequency of 30.1%, and the least common is 9, with an expected frequency of 4.6%. Currently, the most common application of Benford's Law is in detecting number invention and tampering such as found in accounting-, tax-, and voter-fraud. We demonstrate that answers to end-of-chapter exercises in physics and chemistry textbooks conform to Benford's Law. Subsequently, we investigate whether this fact can be used to gain advantage over random guessing in multiple-choice tests, and find that while testbank answers in introductory physics closely conform to Benford's Law, the testbank is nonetheless secure against such a Benford's attack for banal reasons. PMID:25689468

  5. Chapter 4. Multiple Choice Concept Tests: The Force Concept Inventory (FCI)

    E-print Network

    Maryland at College Park, University of

    102 Chapter 4. Multiple Choice Concept Tests: The Force Concept Inventory (FCI) I. CHAPTER OVERVIEW In the early 1980s, McDermott,1 Viennot,2 and other physics education researchers3, 4 found that each student comes into a physics course not as a blank slate but brings into the classroom a system of common sense

  6. Strategies for the Meaningful Evaluation of Multiple-Choice Assessments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chesbro, Robert

    2010-01-01

    Too many multiple-choice tests are administered without an evaluative component. Teachers often return student assessments or Scantron cards--computerized bubble forms--without review, assuming that the printing of the correct answer will suffice. However, a more constructivist approach to follow up multiple-choice tests can make for more…

  7. The Effectiveness of Several Multiple-Choice Formats.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haladyna, Thomas A.

    1992-01-01

    Several multiple-choice item formats are examined in the current climate of test reform. The reform movement is discussed as it affects use of the following formats: (1) complex multiple-choice; (2) alternate choice; (3) true-false; (4) multiple true-false; and (5) the context dependent item set. (SLD)

  8. Reducing the Need for Guesswork in Multiple-Choice Tests

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bush, Martin

    2015-01-01

    The humble multiple-choice test is very widely used within education at all levels, but its susceptibility to guesswork makes it a suboptimal assessment tool. The reliability of a multiple-choice test is partly governed by the number of items it contains; however, longer tests are more time consuming to take, and for some subject areas, it can be…

  9. Crowdsourcing Control: Moving Beyond Multiple Choice Christopher H. Lin Mausam Daniel S. Weld

    E-print Network

    Mausam

    Crowdsourcing Control: Moving Beyond Multiple Choice Christopher H. Lin Mausam Daniel S. Weld Department of Computer Science and Engineering University of Washington Seattle, WA 98195 {chrislin,mausam,weld}@cs.washington.edu Abstract To ensure quality results from crowdsourced tasks, requesters often aggregate worker re- sponses

  10. Multiple Choice Test Bias Uncovered by Use of an "I Don't Know" Alternative.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherman, Susan W.

    The multiple-choice science exercises used by the National Assessment of Educational Progress include an "I Don't Know" (IDK) alternative to estimate more accurately knowledge of groups of respondents. Group percentages of IDK responses were examined and compared with correct responses to see if the IDK introduces bias. Variance common to IDK and…

  11. A Two-Tier Multiple Choice Questions to Diagnose Thermodynamic Misconception of Thai and Laos Students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kamcharean, Chanwit; Wattanakasiwich, Pornrat

    The objective of this study was to diagnose misconceptions of Thai and Lao students in thermodynamics by using a two-tier multiple-choice test. Two-tier multiple choice questions consist of the first tier, a content-based question and the second tier, a reasoning-based question. Data of student understanding was collected by using 10 two-tier multiple-choice questions. Thai participants were the first-year students (N = 57) taking a fundamental physics course at Chiang Mai University in 2012. Lao participants were high school students in Grade 11 (N = 57) and Grade 12 (N = 83) at Muengnern high school in Xayaboury province, Lao PDR. As results, most students answered content-tier questions correctly but chose incorrect answers for reason-tier questions. When further investigating their incorrect reasons, we found similar misconceptions as reported in previous studies such as incorrectly relating pressure with temperature when presenting with multiple variables.

  12. Consequences the extensive use of multiple-choice questions might have on student's reasoning structure

    E-print Network

    Raduta, C M

    2013-01-01

    Learning physics is a context dependent process. I consider a broader interdisciplinary problem of where differences in understanding and reasoning arise. I suggest the long run effects a multiple choice based learning system as well as society cultural habits and rules might have on student reasoning structure.

  13. Benford's Law: Textbook Exercises and Multiple-choice Testbanks

    E-print Network

    Slepkov, Aaron D; DiBattista, David

    2013-01-01

    Benford's Law describes the finding that the distribution of leading (or leftmost) digits of innumerable datasets follows a well-defined logarithmic trend, rather than an intuitive uniformity. In practice this means that the most common leading digit is 1, with an expected frequency of 30.1%, and the least common is 9, with an expected frequency of 4.6%. The history and development of Benford's Law is inexorably linked to physics, yet there has been a dearth of physics-related Benford datasets reported in the literature. Currently, the most common application of Benford's Law is in detecting number invention and tampering such as found in accounting-, tax-, and voter-fraud. We demonstrate that answers to end-of-chapter exercises in physics and chemistry textbooks conform to Benford's Law. Subsequently, we investigate whether this fact can be used to gain advantage over random guessing in multiple-choice tests, and find that while testbank answers in introductory physics closely conform to Benford's Law, the t...

  14. STATISTICS 8 CHAPTERS 1 TO 6, SAMPLE MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

    E-print Network

    Utts, Jessica

    STATISTICS 8 CHAPTERS 1 TO 6, SAMPLE MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS Circle the best answer that might affect lung capacity are smoking habits and exercise habits. The smoking habits of the two worker of the following is the explanatory variable in this study? a. Exercise b. Lung capacity c. Smoking or not d

  15. Using the Multiple Choice Procedure to Measure College Student Gambling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butler, Leon Harvey

    2010-01-01

    Research suggests that gambling is similar to addictive behaviors such as substance use. In the current study, gambling was investigated from a behavioral economics perspective. The Multiple Choice Procedure (MCP) with gambling as the target behavior was used to assess for relative reinforcing value, the effect of alternative reinforcers, and…

  16. Samejima Items in Multiple-Choice Tests: Identification and Implications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rahman, Nazia

    2013-01-01

    Samejima hypothesized that non-monotonically increasing item response functions (IRFs) of ability might occur for multiple-choice items (referred to here as "Samejima items") if low ability test takers with some, though incomplete, knowledge or skill are drawn to a particularly attractive distractor, while very low ability test takers…

  17. Appropriateness of Advice: DCT and Multiple Choice Data.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hinkel, Eli

    1997-01-01

    Investigates what can be learned about second language (L2) speech acts using English language multiple choice (MC) instruments and discourse completion tests (DCTs). The study focuses on the primary language (L1) responses of native speakers and the L2 responses given by speakers of Chinese to MC questionnaires and DCTs dealing with the…

  18. Valuing Assessment in Teacher Education - Multiple-Choice Competency Testing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Dona L.; Itter, Diane

    2014-01-01

    When our focus is on assessment educators should work to value the nature of assessment. This paper presents a new approach to multiple-choice competency testing in mathematics education. The instrument discussed here reflects student competence, encourages self-regulatory learning behaviours and links content with current curriculum documents and…

  19. Benford's Law and Distractors in Multiple Choice Exams

    E-print Network

    Hoppe, Fred M

    2013-01-01

    Suppose that in a multiple choice examination the leading digit of the correct options follows Benford's Law, while the the leading digit of the distractors are uniform. Consider a strategy for guessing at answers that selects the option with the lowest leading digit with ties broken at random. We provide an expression for the probability that this strategy selects the correct option.

  20. Multiple Choice Learning: Learning to Produce Multiple Structured Outputs

    E-print Network

    Kohli, Pushmeet

    predictions: 1. Interactive Intelligent Systems. The goal of interactive machine-learning algorithmsMultiple Choice Learning: Learning to Produce Multiple Structured Outputs Abner Guzman for structured predic- tion tasks that involve interaction with users or successive components in a cas- caded

  1. Success on Multiple Choice Examinations: A Model and Workshop Intervention.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowering, Elizabeth R.; Wetmore, Ann A.

    1997-01-01

    Presents a theoretical model that identifies the context in which students experience difficulties with complex multiple choice exams (MCE). Provides a structured approach that facilitates the development of critical thinking and metacognitive skills. Discusses a workshop in which participants reported increased knowledge concerning the process…

  2. Research on Multiple-Choice Questions: Implications for Strategy Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stough, Laura M.

    This review of the literature examines the effectiveness of instructing students in various test-taking strategies, particularly in reference to multiple choice questions. Among findings reported are that while test-wiseness strategies may be taught, these strategies have limited generalizability across exams and learners who proactively process…

  3. An Analysis of Multiple-Choice Test Item Booklets.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herman, William E.

    Marks made by students on test item booklets were analyzed as a clue to better understanding of the metacognitive strategies employed during the completion of a 100-question multiple-choice final examination. Test item booklets of 56 undergraduates were scrutinized for the frequency of the following item markings; (1) no markings at all; (2)…

  4. Measuring Strategy Use in Context with Multiple-Choice Items

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cromley, Jennifer; Azevedo, Roger

    2011-01-01

    A number of authors have presented data that challenge the validity of self-report of strategy use or choice of strategy. We created a multiple-choice measure of students' strategy use based on the work of Kozminsky, E., and Kozminsky, L. (2001), and tested it with three samples as part of a series of studies testing the fit of the DIME model of…

  5. Planetary Science Space Physics

    E-print Network

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    is almost one-of-a-kind among university-based space centers. With up to a dozen space science flight#12;Planetary Science Space Physics Solar Influences Atmospheric Science Engineering Mission Operations #12;A message from the Director At the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics (LASP), we

  6. Science Library of Test Items. Volume Twenty-One. A Collection of Multiple Choice Test Items Relating Mainly to Physics, 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New South Wales Dept. of Education, Sydney (Australia).

    As one in a series of test item collections developed by the Assessment and Evaluation Unit of the Directorate of Studies, items are made available to teachers for the construction of unit tests or term examinations or as a basis for class discussion. Each collection was reviewed for content validity and reliability. The test items meet syllabus…

  7. Imaging Science Physics Computer Science Photographic &

    E-print Network

    Salvaggio, Carl

    Imaging Science Physics Computer Science Photographic & Imaging Technology Electrical Engineering College at RIT College of Science College of Science B. Thomas Golisano College of Computing and Information Sciences College of Imaging Arts and Sciences Kate Gleason College of Engineering Approx

  8. Effective Use of Multiple-Choice Items in the Mathematics Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barlow, Angela T.; Marolt, Amy M.

    2012-01-01

    Multiple-choice items are commonly viewed as a summative check for skill attainment, but they can be used to assess other dimensions of student learning. The purpose of this article is to offer an expanded view of the use of multiple-choice items in the middle level mathematics classroom. It presents three alternative uses of multiple-choice items…

  9. [Use of multiple-choice tests in medical education].

    PubMed

    Kasal, P; Ohlídková, B; Feberová, J

    1997-05-14

    The actual state of the is connected some problems. The rules for the creation tests from the viewpoint of logics of questions and formal structure are mostly not respected. The mentioned rules are prepared in the field of theoretical pedagogics, but did not entered until now enough in the medical education. The result is the lower relevance of the tests in terms of their validity and reliability. In the paper is presented the set of principles for the correct structure of questions and in the same time the classification of the multiple-choice tests with the rules of their creation. PMID:9296885

  10. Physical Earth Science Is Physical Earth Science right for me?

    E-print Network

    Martin, Ralph R.

    Physical Earth Science Is Physical Earth Science right for me? If you are interested in learning a Physical Earth Science degree. The skills you will gain are wide-ranging and will provide a good basis for employment in almost any sector. Are all Physical Earth Science degrees the same? Universities do not have

  11. The detection of cheating in multiple choice examinations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Richmond, Peter; Roehner, Bertrand M.

    2015-10-01

    Cheating in examinations is acknowledged by an increasing number of organizations to be widespread. We examine two different approaches to assess their effectiveness at detecting anomalous results, suggestive of collusion, using data taken from a number of multiple-choice examinations organized by the UK Radio Communication Foundation. Analysis of student pair overlaps of correct answers is shown to give results consistent with more orthodox statistical correlations for which confidence limits as opposed to the less familiar "Bonferroni method" can be used. A simulation approach is also developed which confirms the interpretation of the empirical approach. Then the variables Xi =(1 -Ui) Yi +Ui Z are a system of symmetric dependent binary variables (0 , 1 ; p) whose correlation matrix is ?ij = r. The proof is easy and given in the paper. Let us add two remarks. • We used the expression "symmetric variables" to reflect the fact that all Xi play the same role. The expression "exchangeable variables" is often used with the same meaning. • The correlation matrix has only positive elements. This is of course imposed by the symmetry condition. ?12 < 0 and ?23 < 0 would imply ?13 > 0, thus violating the symmetry requirement. In the following subsections we will be concerned with the question of uniqueness of the set of Xi generated above. Needless to say, it is useful to know whether the proposition gives the answer or only one among many. More precisely, the problem can be stated as follows.

  12. Item Analysis of Multiple-Choice Questions in Teaching Prosthodontics.

    PubMed

    Madhav, V N V

    2015-11-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze multiple-choice questions used in teaching prosthodontics to dental students based on the items' distractor effectiveness and their difficulty and discrimination capacity. The overall goals were to assist the prosthodontics department in modifying its existing question bank and creating a set of prevalidated questions of known difficulty and discrimination capacity. The items selected for this study were from the three formative examinations in prosthodontics for fourth-year BDS students at Sinhgad Dental College and Hospital, Pune, Maharastra, India, during academic year 2011-12. As all the students' completed exams and scores were available, the task was to evaluate the efficacy of items already administered. Based on the item analysis of the questions, the following results were noted. None of the three examinations had items that were too difficult or defective. However, all three examinations had large percentages of easy items and many items had a low discrimination index. More than 60-70% of the items on all three examinations included ineffective distractors. All items therefore needed modifications based on their distractor effectiveness and difficulty and discrimination indices. After the study was completed, the results were discussed in a meeting with all teachers in the prosthodontics department and the test constructors, and suggestions were made with regard to improving the items for better evaluation of students. PMID:26522636

  13. A model of interacting multiple choices of continuous opinions

    E-print Network

    Chou, C -I

    2016-01-01

    We present a model of interacting multiple choices of opinions. At each step of the process, a listener is persuaded by his/her neighbour, the lobbyist, to modify his/her opinion on two different choices of event. Whether or not the listener will be convinced by the lobbyist depends on the difference between his/her opinion with that of the lobbyist, and with that of the revealed social opinion (the social pressure). If the listener is convinced, he/she will modify his/her opinion and update his/her revealed preference, and proceed to persuade his/her next neighbour. If the listener is not convinced by the lobbyist, he/she will retain his/her revealed preference, and try to persuade the lobbyist to change his/her opinion. In this case, the direction of opinion propagation is reversed. A consensus is reached when all the revealed preference is the same. Our numerical results show that consensus can always be attained in this model. However, the time needed to achieve consensus, or the so-called convergence tim...

  14. Physical Sciences Directorate Directorate Operations

    E-print Network

    1 3/3/2015 Physical Sciences Directorate Directorate Operations Kathy Carney, Manager Associate, Manager Basic Energy Sciences Program Michelle Buchanan Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences Phil Britt Materials Science and Engineering James Morris CNMS User Programs Hans Christen Center

  15. Using Multiple Choice Examination Items To Measure Teachers' Content-Specific Pedagogical Knowledge.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kromrey, Jeffrey D.; Renfrow, Donata D.

    The use of multiple-choice test items measuring content-specific pedagogical knowledge (C-P) as a viable method of increasing the validity of teacher tests is described. The purposes of the paper are to: (1) present examples of multiple-choice test items used for the assessment of C-P and contrast these items with items used for assessing content…

  16. Using Multiple-Choice Questions to Evaluate In-Depth Learning of Economics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buckles, Stephen; Siegfried, John J.

    2006-01-01

    Multiple-choice questions are the basis of a significant portion of assessment in introductory economics courses. However, these questions, as found in course assessments, test banks, and textbooks, often fail to evaluate students' abilities to use and apply economic analysis. The authors conclude that multiple-choice questions can be used to…

  17. Testing Collective Memory: Representing the Soviet Union on Multiple-Choice Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reich, Gabriel A.

    2011-01-01

    This article tests the assumption that state-mandated multiple-choice history exams are a cultural tool for disseminating an "official" collective memory. Findings from a qualitative study of a collection of multiple-choice questions that relate to the history of the Soviet Union are presented. The 263 questions all come from New York State…

  18. The Effect of Type and Timing of Feedback on Learning from Multiple-Choice Tests

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butler, Andrew C.; Karpicke, Jeffrey D.; Roediger, Henry L., III

    2007-01-01

    Two experiments investigated how the type and timing of feedback influence learning from a multiple-choice test. First, participants read 12 prose passages, which covered various general knowledge topics (e.g., The Sun) and ranged between 280 and 300 words in length. Next, they took an initial six-alternative, multiple-choice test on information…

  19. A Diagnostic Study of Pre-Service Teachers' Competency in Multiple-Choice Item Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asim, Alice E.; Ekuri, Emmanuel E.; Eni, Eni I.

    2013-01-01

    Large class size is an issue in testing at all levels of Education. As a panacea to this, multiple choice test formats has become very popular. This case study was designed to diagnose pre-service teachers' competency in constructing questions (IQT); direct questions (DQT); and best answer (BAT) varieties of multiple choice items. Subjects were 88…

  20. Vocabulary Development and Performance on Multiple-Choice Exams in Large Entry-level Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Haley; Williams, Robert L.

    2007-01-01

    Scores on a vocabulary test given at the beginning of two semesters in a large entry-level course predicted performance on multiple-choice exams more strongly than pre-course knowledge and critical thinking. Words on the vocabulary instrument were derived from multiple-choice exam items in the course. Although commonly used in the course, these…

  1. Events | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    The 2015 AAAS Annual Meeting will include exciting work at the intersection of the physical and life sciences, including two sessions organized by NCI Physical Sciences-Oncology Network (PS-ON) Program Directors.

  2. Measuring University students' understanding of the greenhouse effect - a comparison of multiple-choice, short answer and concept sketch assessment tools with respect to students' mental models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gold, A. U.; Harris, S. E.

    2013-12-01

    The greenhouse effect comes up in most discussions about climate and is a key concept related to climate change. Existing studies have shown that students and adults alike lack a detailed understanding of this important concept or might hold misconceptions. We studied the effectiveness of different interventions on University-level students' understanding of the greenhouse effect. Introductory level science students were tested for their pre-knowledge of the greenhouse effect using validated multiple-choice questions, short answers and concept sketches. All students participated in a common lesson about the greenhouse effect and were then randomly assigned to one of two lab groups. One group explored an existing simulation about the greenhouse effect (PhET-lesson) and the other group worked with absorption spectra of different greenhouse gases (Data-lesson) to deepen the understanding of the greenhouse effect. All students completed the same assessment including multiple choice, short answers and concept sketches after participation in their lab lesson. 164 students completed all the assessments, 76 completed the PhET lesson and 77 completed the data lesson. 11 students missed the contrasting lesson. In this presentation we show the comparison between the multiple-choice questions, short answer questions and the concept sketches of students. We explore how well each of these assessment types represents student's knowledge. We also identify items that are indicators of the level of understanding of the greenhouse effect as measured in correspondence of student answers to an expert mental model and expert responses. Preliminary data analysis shows that student who produce concept sketch drawings that come close to expert drawings also choose correct multiple-choice answers. However, correct multiple-choice answers are not necessarily an indicator that a student produces an expert-like correlating concept sketch items. Multiple-choice questions that require detailed knowledge of the greenhouse effect (e.g. direction of re-emission of infrared energy from greenhouse gas) are significantly more likely to be answered correctly by students who also produce expert-like concept sketch items than by students who don't include this aspect in their sketch and don't answer the multiple choice questions correctly. This difference is not as apparent for less technical multiple-choice questions (e.g. type of radiation emitted by Sun). Our findings explore the formation of student's mental models throughout different interventions and how well the different assessment techniques used in this study represent the student understanding of the overall concept.

  3. Physical Rehabilitation Science Doctoral Program

    E-print Network

    Weber, David J.

    Physical Rehabilitation Science Doctoral Program Student Handbook PRS Student Handbook, updated 8/09 3 Overview of the Program The Doctor of Philosophy program in Physical Rehabilitation Science learning experience leading to a Doctor of Philosophy degree in Physical Rehabilitation Science under

  4. Physical Science Curriculum Support Document

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elliott, Carolyn C.; Brown, Tim; Harris, Jeff; Lovin, Pamela

    2004-01-01

    This document was developed in response to the expressed need of physical science teachers for materials designed to facilitate and enhance the teaching of the 1999 North Carolina Standard Course of Study for Physical Science. The materials provide a guide to translating the goals and objectives of the Physical Science curriculum into good…

  5. Physical Sciences 2007 Science & Technology Highlights

    SciTech Connect

    Hazi, A U

    2008-04-07

    The Physical Sciences Directorate applies frontier physics and technology to grand challenges in national security. Our highly integrated and multidisciplinary research program involves collaborations throughout Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the National Nuclear Security Administration, the Department of Energy, and with academic and industrial partners. The Directorate has a budget of approximately $150 million, and a staff of approximately 350 employees. Our scientists provide expertise in condensed matter and high-pressure physics, plasma physics, high-energy-density science, fusion energy science and technology, nuclear and particle physics, accelerator physics, radiation detection, optical science, biotechnology, and astrophysics. This document highlights the outstanding research and development activities in the Physical Sciences Directorate that made news in 2007. It also summarizes the awards and recognition received by members of the Directorate in 2007.

  6. Faculty of Science Medical Physics

    E-print Network

    Faculty of Science Medical Physics If you like physics and mathematics, but want a career in the rapidly expanding health sciences, then this honours BSc is for you. www.uwindsor.ca/physics Medical Physics opens the way to exciting new possibilities for career opportunities in the applications

  7. Quality Multiple-Choice Test Questions: Item-Writing Guidelines and an Analysis of Auditing Testbanks.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, James D.; Dexter, Lee

    1997-01-01

    Analysis of test item banks in 10 auditing textbooks found that 75% of questions violated one or more guidelines for multiple-choice items. In comparison, 70% of a certified public accounting exam bank had no violations. (SK)

  8. General Physics, Physics 12 [Science Curriculum Materials].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rochester City School District, NY.

    The Physics 12 curriculum guide represents one in a series of science guides especially designed to provide for the pupil whose primary interests are in non-science fields. The program provides study in physics in which fundamental concepts and understandings are developed, mathematical concepts are limited, and students are encouraged to relate…

  9. Benford’s Law: Textbook Exercises and Multiple-Choice Testbanks

    PubMed Central

    Slepkov, Aaron D.; Ironside, Kevin B.; DiBattista, David

    2015-01-01

    Benford’s Law describes the finding that the distribution of leading (or leftmost) digits of innumerable datasets follows a well-defined logarithmic trend, rather than an intuitive uniformity. In practice this means that the most common leading digit is 1, with an expected frequency of 30.1%, and the least common is 9, with an expected frequency of 4.6%. Currently, the most common application of Benford’s Law is in detecting number invention and tampering such as found in accounting-, tax-, and voter-fraud. We demonstrate that answers to end-of-chapter exercises in physics and chemistry textbooks conform to Benford’s Law. Subsequently, we investigate whether this fact can be used to gain advantage over random guessing in multiple-choice tests, and find that while testbank answers in introductory physics closely conform to Benford’s Law, the testbank is nonetheless secure against such a Benford’s attack for banal reasons. PMID:25689468

  10. Test of understanding of vectors: A reliable multiple-choice vector concept test

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barniol, Pablo; Zavala, Genaro

    2014-06-01

    In this article we discuss the findings of our research on students' understanding of vector concepts in problems without physical context. First, we develop a complete taxonomy of the most frequent errors made by university students when learning vector concepts. This study is based on the results of several test administrations of open-ended problems in which a total of 2067 students participated. Using this taxonomy, we then designed a 20-item multiple-choice test [Test of understanding of vectors (TUV)] and administered it in English to 423 students who were completing the required sequence of introductory physics courses at a large private Mexican university. We evaluated the test's content validity, reliability, and discriminatory power. The results indicate that the TUV is a reliable assessment tool. We also conducted a detailed analysis of the students' understanding of the vector concepts evaluated in the test. The TUV is included in the Supplemental Material as a resource for other researchers studying vector learning, as well as instructors teaching the material.

  11. School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences

    E-print Network

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences Environmental Physics A physics degree information Undergraduate Admissions Secretary School of Mathematics and Physical Sciences University Sciences comprises a large group of scientific experts in many different fields of environmental physics

  12. Science: Physics Designation Science Core Courses

    E-print Network

    Ottino, Julio M.

    -1 for physic sdept. majors) A 5th 300 level course of your choice in Astronomy: Physics Designation Term Grade Science Core Courses: BIOL SCI 215: Genetics & Molecular in science courses & no course in which a grade lower than a "C" may be counted

  13. The Psychology of Physical Science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Feist, Gregory J.

    2006-12-01

    Who becomes a physical scientist is not completely a coincidence. People with spatial talent and who are thing-oriented are most likely to be attracted to physical science, including astronomy. Additional lessons from the psychology of science suggest that compared with non-scientists and social scientists, physical scientists are most likely to be introverted, independent, self-confident, and yet somewhat arrogant. Understanding the physical and inanimate world is part of what physical scientists do, and understanding those who understand the physical world is part of what psychologists of science do.

  14. UFOs and Physical Sciences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Teodorani, M.

    1999-03-01

    The psycho-sociological reasons why the academic science is not willing to face operatively and officially a hard problem such as the 'UFO phenomenon', are introduced in the ambit of an episthemological discussion. It is shown how such a phenomenon, due to his peculiar nature, might impose a drastic revision of the laws of physics which are commonly accepted. It is demonstrated how a strict application of the measurement methods which are normally adopted by physics can permit to obtain relevant quantitative results, whatever they are. As an example of such a procedure, the anomalous light phenomenology which reoccurs in the Hessdalen valley in Norway is presented, by showing that it represents so far the ideal worldly physical laboratory for the study of luminous phenomena in the low atmosphere. After describing the multiform morphologic and dynamic characteristics of the luminous component of the phenomenon as they are deduced from visual and photographic reports, the results coming out from the magnetometric, radiometric and radar monitoring operations which were carried out by Project Hessdalen in 1984, are presented in detail. Subsequently, the postumous analysis carried out by the author is shown, by pointing out the clear cohexistence of the magnetic and the optical phenomenology and the apparent correlation of the magnetic component of the phenomenon with maxima of solar activity. In a subsequent phase, the most credited physical theories, which have been proposed so far in order to interpret the phenomenon, are described and discussed, together with 'non-canonical hypotheses'. Finally, it is pointed out how the physical parameters which are expected to be measured with the proper instrumented equipment and aimed tactics and strategies, resemble strictly the methodology which is normally used during astrophysical observations.

  15. Physical Science in Barcelona

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roca-Rosell, Antoni; Roqué, Xavier

    2013-12-01

    We provide a tour of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, following four routes through the city and one elsewhere in the city and beyond, focusing on sites of importance in physics. Route 1 covers the Old Town, its Gothic Quarter, Plaça del Rei, Plaça de Sant Jaume, and Jewish Quarter. Route 2 identifies sites on and close to La Rambla, the main promenade in the city. Route 3 goes from the medieval shipyards to the Board of Commerce to Citadel Park. Route 4 concentrates on the Extension ( Eixample) and covers the restored University, the Industrial University, and the new campus of the University of Barcelona. Elsewhere in the city and beyond are the Fabra Observatory; the Plaça de les Glòries with its large steel sculpture depicting the meridian arc from Dunkirk to Barcelona; Montjuïc, the site of the National Art Museum of Catalonia; and the National Museum of Science and Technology in Terrassa.

  16. Department of Physics Life Sciences Building

    E-print Network

    Physics Department of Physics Life Sciences Building 3101 S. Dearborn St. Chicago, IL 60616 312.567.3480 www.science.iit.edu/physics Chair: Grant Bunker The Department of Physics offers B.S., M.S., and Ph of Health Physics Master of Science in Physics Master of Science in Applied Physics Doctor of Philosophy

  17. Training College Physics and Physical Science Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, R. B.; And Others

    1974-01-01

    Summarizes survey data about the need and appropriate character of graduate degree programs designed to prepare two-year and four-year college physics and physical science teachers. Indicates that future employment favors two-year college teachers with a master's degree in the region west of the Mississippi River. (CC)

  18. Reports | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    Contributions from outside the field of cancer biology are the cornerstone of the Physical Sciences in Oncology initiative. In order to gather ideas and suggestions from the research community about the latest science and new opportunities, the NCI organizes Workshops and Think Tanks that bring together thought leaders from the fields of cancer biology, physics, chemistry, mathematics, modeling, engineering, and nanotechnology.

  19. The Growth of Physical Science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jeans, James

    2009-07-01

    1. The remote beginnings; 2. Ionia and early Greece; 3. Science and Alexandria; 4. Science in the dark ages; 5. The birth of modern science; 6. The century of genius; 7. The two centuries after Newton; 8. The era of modern physics.

  20. Simple model for multiple-choice collective decision making.

    PubMed

    Lee, Ching Hua; Lucas, Andrew

    2014-11-01

    We describe a simple model of heterogeneous, interacting agents making decisions between n?2 discrete choices. For a special class of interactions, our model is the mean field description of random field Potts-like models and is effectively solved by finding the extrema of the average energy E per agent. In these cases, by studying the propagation of decision changes via avalanches, we argue that macroscopic dynamics is well captured by a gradient flow along E. We focus on the permutation symmetric case, where all n choices are (on average) the same, and spontaneous symmetry breaking (SSB) arises purely from cooperative social interactions. As examples, we show that bimodal heterogeneity naturally provides a mechanism for the spontaneous formation of hierarchies between decisions and that SSB is a preferred instability to discontinuous phase transitions between two symmetric points. Beyond the mean field limit, exponentially many stable equilibria emerge when we place this model on a graph of finite mean degree. We conclude with speculation on decision making with persistent collective oscillations. Throughout the paper, we emphasize analogies between methods of solution to our model and common intuition from diverse areas of physics, including statistical physics and electromagnetism. PMID:25493831

  1. Computational Science and Engineering Certification for Physics

    E-print Network

    Gao, Grace Xingxin

    Computational Science and Engineering Certification for Physics The Computational Science*** or by one of the CSE affiliated Physics faculty listed on the Computational Science and Engineering website and Engineering certificate program is designed to provide Physics undergraduate students an opportunity

  2. Concepts in Physical Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Puri, O. P.

    Contained in this experimental test are instructional materials for a one-semester course designed to give liberal arts students an appreciation of (1) the nature of science, (2) the development of science, (3) the contributions of scientists, (4) the impact of scientific discoveries on mankind, and (5) the possible future effects of science. The…

  3. Comparing Assessments of Students' Knowledge by Computerized Open-Ended and Multiple-Choice Tests.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anbar, Michael

    1991-01-01

    Interactive computerized tests accepting unrestricted natural-language input were used to assess knowledge of clinical biophysics at the State University of New York at Buffalo. Comparison of responses to open-ended sequential questions and multiple-choice questions on the same material found the two formats test different aspects of competence.…

  4. A real-time multiple-choice question generation for language testing a preliminary study

    E-print Network

    Nakagawa, Hiroshi

    of multiple- choice questions is one of the promising examples of educational applications of NLP techniques. A machine learning ap- proach seems to be useful for this pur- pose because some of the processes can be done by classification. Using basic ma- chine learning algorithms as Naive Bayes and K

  5. Testing Historical Knowledge: Standards, Multiple-Choice Questions and Student Reasoning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reich, Gabriel A.

    2009-01-01

    This article explores the reasoning employed by high school students to answer a set of multiple-choice history questions. The questions come from New York State's Global History and Geography Regents exam. The Regents exams, together with a particularly well-regarded and ambitious set of content standards, are the cornerstone of the state's…

  6. Writing Multiple-Choice Items to Measure Higher-Order Educational Objectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aiken, Lewis R.

    1982-01-01

    Five types of multiple-choice items that can be used to assess higher-order educational objectives are examined. The item types do not exhaust the possibilities, but they are standard forms found helpful in writing items to measure more than recognitive memory. (Author/CM)

  7. Multiple Choice Questions Can Be Designed or Revised to Challenge Learners' Critical Thinking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tractenberg, Rochelle E.; Gushta, Matthew M.; Mulroney, Susan E.; Weissinger, Peggy A.

    2013-01-01

    Multiple choice (MC) questions from a graduate physiology course were evaluated by cognitive-psychology (but not physiology) experts, and analyzed statistically, in order to test the independence of content expertise and cognitive complexity ratings of MC items. Integration of higher order thinking into MC exams is important, but widely known to…

  8. Finding Relationships between Multiple-Choice Math Tests and Their Stem-Equivalent Constructed Responses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chaoui, Nayla Aad

    2011-01-01

    The study takes a close look at relationships between scores on a Mathematics standardized test in two different testing formats--Multiple-Choice (MC) and Constructed Response (CR). Many studies have been dedicated to finding correlations between item format characteristics with regards to race and gender. Few studies, however, have attempted to…

  9. Gender Differences in Mathematics Self-Efficacy and Back Substitution in Multiple-Choice Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodwin, K. Shane; Ostrom, Lee; Scott, Karen Wilson

    2009-01-01

    A quantitative observational study exploring the relationship of gender to mathematics self-efficacy and the frequency of back substitution in multiple-choice assessment sampled undergraduates at a western United States parochial university. Research questions addressed: to what extent are there gender differences in mathematics self-efficacy, as…

  10. Wrong Answers on Multiple-Choice Achievement Tests: Blind Guesses or Systematic Choices?.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, J. C.

    A multi-faceted model for the selection of answers for multiple-choice tests was developed from the findings of a series of exploratory studies. This model implies that answer selection should be curvilinear. A series of models were tested for fit using the chi square procedure. Data were collected from 359 elementary school students ages 9-12.…

  11. Can Multiple-Choice Testing Induce Desirable Difficulties? Evidence from the Laboratory and the Classroom.

    PubMed

    Bjork, Elizabeth Ligon; Soderstrom, Nicholas C; Little, Jeri L

    2015-01-01

    The term desirable difficulties (Bjork, 1994) refers to conditions of learning that, though often appearing to cause difficulties for the learner and to slow down the process of acquisition, actually improve long-term retention and transfer. One known desirable difficulty is testing (as compared with restudy), although typically it is tests that clearly involve retrieval--such as free and cued recall tests--that are thought to induce these learning benefits and not multiple-choice tests. Nonetheless, multiple-choice testing is ubiquitous in educational settings and many other high-stakes situations. In this article, we discuss research, in both the laboratory and the classroom, exploring whether multiple-choice testing can also be fashioned to promote the type of retrieval processes known to improve learning, and we speculate about the necessary properties that multiple-choice questions must possess, as well as the metacognitive strategy students need to use in answering such questions, to achieve this goal. PMID:26255442

  12. A Participatory Learning Approach to Biochemistry Using Student Authored and Evaluated Multiple-Choice Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bottomley, Steven; Denny, Paul

    2011-01-01

    A participatory learning approach, combined with both a traditional and a competitive assessment, was used to motivate students and promote a deep approach to learning biochemistry. Students were challenged to research, author, and explain their own multiple-choice questions (MCQs). They were also required to answer, evaluate, and discuss MCQs…

  13. A Practical Methodology for the Systematic Development of Multiple Choice Tests.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blumberg, Phyllis; Felner, Joel

    Using Guttman's facet design analysis, four parallel forms of a multiple-choice test were developed. A mapping sentence, logically representing the universe of content of a basic cardiology course, specified the facets of the course and the semantic structural units linking them. The facets were: cognitive processes, disease priority, specific…

  14. Multiple-Choice Tests and Student Understanding: What Is the Connection?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simkin, Mark G.; Kuechler, William L.

    2005-01-01

    Instructors can use both "multiple-choice" (MC) and "constructed response" (CR) questions (such as short answer, essay, or problem-solving questions) to evaluate student understanding of course materials and principles. This article begins by discussing the advantages and concerns of using these alternate test formats and…

  15. Basic Item Analysis for Multiple-Choice Tests. ERIC/AE Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kehoe, Jerard

    This digest presents a list of recommendations for writing multiple-choice test items, based on psychometrics statistics are typically provided by a measurement, or test scoring, service, where tests are machine-scored or by testing software packages. Test makers can capitalize on the fact that "bad" items can be differentiated from "good" items…

  16. Multiple-Choice Exam Question Order Influences on Student Performance, Completion Time, and Perceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pettijohn, Terry F., II; Sacco, Matthew F.

    2007-01-01

    We conducted 2 studies to investigate undergraduate performance, perceptions, and time required in completing sequentially ordered, randomly ordered, or reverse ordered exams in introductory psychology classes. Study 1 compared the outcomes and perceptions of students (N = 66) on 3 non-comprehensive multiple-choice exams which were sequentially,…

  17. Not Read, but Nevertheless Solved? Three Experiments on PIRLS Multiple Choice Reading Comprehension Test Items

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sparfeldt, Jorn R.; Kimmel, Rumena; Lowenkamp, Lena; Steingraber, Antje; Rost, Detlef H.

    2012-01-01

    Multiple-choice (MC) reading comprehension test items comprise three components: text passage, questions about the text, and MC answers. The construct validity of this format has been repeatedly criticized. In three between-subjects experiments, fourth graders (N[subscript 1] = 230, N[subscript 2] = 340, N[subscript 3] = 194) worked on three…

  18. A New Approach to Multiple-Choice Question Writing: Example, Transparency, and Variation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Figueiredo, Carlos A.; Contreras, Luis C.; Blanco, Lorenzo J.; Cárdenas, Janeth A.

    2013-01-01

    The goal of the present article is to provide the teacher with an alternative perspective in writing multiple-choice questions. To the techniques and advice available in the literature on the topic, three further aspects are added whose provenance is an emerging line of research--the exemplification of concepts. The objective is to expand…

  19. Using the Distractor Categories of Multiple-Choice Items to Improve IRT Linking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Jee-Seon

    2006-01-01

    Simulation and real data studies are used to investigate the value of modeling multiple-choice distractors on item response theory linking. Using the characteristic curve linking procedure for Bock's (1972) nominal response model presented by Kim and Hanson (2002), all-category linking (i.e., a linking based on all category characteristic curves…

  20. Automated Multiple-Choice Testing for Summative Assessment: What Do Students Think?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bridge, Pete; Appleyard, Rob; Wilson, Rob

    2007-01-01

    This paper reports undergraduate student feedback contrasting conventional "Long-answer" examinations with automated multiple-choice question (MCQ) assessment. Feedback was gathered after students had undertaken formative MCQ assessments as a revision aid. Feedback was generally supportive of MCQ summative tests, with 74% expressing a preference…

  1. Grading Multiple Choice Exams with Low-Cost and Portable Computer-Vision Techniques

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fisteus, Jesus Arias; Pardo, Abelardo; García, Norberto Fernández

    2013-01-01

    Although technology for automatic grading of multiple choice exams has existed for several decades, it is not yet as widely available or affordable as it should be. The main reasons preventing this adoption are the cost and the complexity of the setup procedures. In this paper, "Eyegrade," a system for automatic grading of multiple…

  2. A Method for Imputing Response Options for Missing Data on Multiple-Choice Assessments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolkowitz, Amanda A.; Skorupski, William P.

    2013-01-01

    When missing values are present in item response data, there are a number of ways one might impute a correct or incorrect response to a multiple-choice item. There are significantly fewer methods for imputing the actual response option an examinee may have provided if he or she had not omitted the item either purposely or accidentally. This…

  3. The "None of the Above" Option in Multiple-Choice Testing: An Experimental Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DiBattista, David; Sinnige-Egger, Jo-Anne; Fortuna, Glenda

    2014-01-01

    The authors assessed the effects of using "none of the above" as an option in a 40-item, general-knowledge multiple-choice test administered to undergraduate students. Examinees who selected "none of the above" were given an incentive to write the correct answer to the question posed. Using "none of the above" as the…

  4. Multiple Choice Examination Performance and Metamemory Accuracy in Good and Poor Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sinkavich, Frank J.

    The relationship between metamemorial accuracy and student test performance was assessed in a graduate educational psychology class. Metamemory is defined as information about the content of one's own memory. Adult students in two courses (N=67) were asked to select multiple choice answers in two midterms and a final examination and to rate their…

  5. Approach to Physical Sciences, 1974.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwartz, A., Ed.

    Methods of teaching physics and chemistry, which revolve around the inclusion of high school courses within the overall science curriculum and whose emphasis is on the latest developments in scientific research and technology, were the subject of the thirteenth annual Summer School for Senior Science Teachers. Paper themes are concerned with…

  6. Can Peer Instruction Be Effective in Upper-Division Computer Science Courses?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey Lee, Cynthia; Garcia, Saturnino; Porter, Leo

    2013-01-01

    Peer Instruction (PI) is an active learning pedagogical technique. PI lectures present students with a series of multiple-choice questions, which they respond to both individually and in groups. PI has been widely successful in the physical sciences and, recently, has been successfully adopted by computer science instructors in lower-division,…

  7. Application of Item Analysis to Assess Multiple-Choice Examinations in the Mississippi Master Cattle Producer Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parish, Jane A.; Karisch, Brandi B.

    2013-01-01

    Item analysis can serve as a useful tool in improving multiple-choice questions used in Extension programming. It can identify gaps between instruction and assessment. An item analysis of Mississippi Master Cattle Producer program multiple-choice examination responses was performed to determine the difficulty of individual examinations, assess the…

  8. Sex Differences in the Relationship of Advanced Placement Essay and Multiple-Choice Scores to Grades in College Courses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bridgeman, Brent; Lewis, Charles

    Essay and multiple-choice scores from Advanced Placement (AP) examinations in American History, European History, English Language and Composition, and Biology were matched with freshman grades in a sample of 32 colleges. Multiple-choice scores from the American History and Biology examinations were superior to essays for predicting overall grade…

  9. The Relationship of Deep and Surface Study Approaches on Factual and Applied Test-Bank Multiple-Choice Question Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yonker, Julie E.

    2011-01-01

    With the advent of online test banks and large introductory classes, instructors have often turned to textbook publisher-generated multiple-choice question (MCQ) exams in their courses. Multiple-choice questions are often divided into categories of factual or applied, thereby implicating levels of cognitive processing. This investigation examined…

  10. Meta-Evaluation in Clinical Anatomy: A Practical Application of Item Response Theory in Multiple Choice Examinations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Severo, Milton; Tavares, Maria A. Ferreira

    2010-01-01

    The nature of anatomy education has changed substantially in recent decades, though the traditional multiple-choice written examination remains the cornerstone of assessing students' knowledge. This study sought to measure the quality of a clinical anatomy multiple-choice final examination using item response theory (IRT) models. One hundred…

  11. Manipulations of Choice Familiarity in Multiple-Choice Testing Support a Retrieval Practice Account of the Testing Effect

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jang, Yoonhee; Pashler, Hal; Huber, David E.

    2014-01-01

    We performed 4 experiments assessing the learning that occurs when taking a test. Our experiments used multiple-choice tests because the processes deployed during testing can be manipulated by varying the nature of the choice alternatives. Previous research revealed that a multiple-choice test that includes "none of the above" (NOTA)…

  12. SCHOOL OF PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences

    E-print Network

    1 SCHOOL OF PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences MSc PHYSICS STUDENT), the Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences (EPS) website (http physics. 1.1 Programme Structure The Master of Science by Research (MSc) programme is a 1-year course

  13. Inference for the physical sciences

    PubMed Central

    Jones, Nick S.; Maccarone, Thomas J.

    2013-01-01

    There is a disconnect between developments in modern data analysis and some parts of the physical sciences in which they could find ready use. This introduction, and this issue, provides resources to help experimental researchers access modern data analysis tools and exposure for analysts to extant challenges in physical science. We include a table of resources connecting statistical and physical disciplines and point to appropriate books, journals, videos and articles. We conclude by highlighting the relevance of each of the articles in the associated issue. PMID:23277613

  14. Physical Sciences in Lisbon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Simões, Ana; Diogo, Maria Paula; Carneiro, Ana

    2012-09-01

    We provide a two-day tour of Lisbon, Portugal, focusing on sites of scientific and technological importance, setting them within their historical contexts. On the first day we visit the Academy of Sciences of Lisbon, the building that successively housed the College of Nobles, the Polytechnic School, and the University of Lisbon Faculty of Sciences, and then go on to the Arpad Szenes-Vieira da Silva Museum and the Astronomical Observatory of Lisbon. On the second day we visit the Industrial Institute and Museum, the Geographical Society of Lisbon, the Jesuit College of Santo Antão, and the Technical Institute.

  15. Physical science: A dynamic approach

    SciTech Connect

    Dixon, R.T.

    1986-01-01

    A partial table of contents is: Early concepts of nature. The rebirth of science. Energy, work, and power. Relativity. The atom. The periodic nature of elements. Chemical energy. The dynamic Earth. The solar system. Stars and nebulae. Extraterrestrial life. The author presents an introduction to physical science and the spirit of scientific inquiry through a historical survey of scientific thought. Specific forces, processes, energies and phenomena are outlined. Various tables, illustrations and questions accompany the text.

  16. Physical Science in Oslo

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pedersen, Bjørn

    2011-06-01

    I provide a tour of Oslo, Norway, concentrating on the city center and the suburbs of Blindern and Tøyen. I focus on the buildings used by the University of Oslo from its foundation in 1811 and on the physical scientists who worked in them. I also point out the cemeteries where some of them are buried.

  17. Physical Science in Bologna

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dragoni, Giorgio; Stojanovic, Ivana

    2013-03-01

    We provide a guide to Bologna, Italy, focusing particularly on sites of interest to physicists. Our first tour is in the city center; it begins in the Piazza Maggiore at the Palazzo d'Accursio, the Basilica di San Petronio, and the Archiginnasio (Old University) and then proceeds to the Two Towers and the Palazzo Poggi, which houses the Astronomical Observatory Museum and other important instrument and art collections; it concludes at the Physics Museum, Department of Physics and Astronomy. Our second tour again begins in the Piazza Maggiore but goes to sites beyond the city center where famous Bolognese physicists and other scientists were born, lived, and are buried. Finally, we point out important museums and other institutions on the outskirts of Bologna.

  18. About | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    The National Cancer Institute (NCI) is exploring new and innovative scientific approaches to better understand and control cancer. The Division of Cancer Biology’s Physical Sciences in Oncology Initiative seeks to establish research projects that bring together cancer biologists and oncologists with scientists from the fields of physics, mathematics, chemistry, and engineering to address some of the major questions and barriers in cancer research.

  19. University of Chicago 1 Physical Sciences

    E-print Network

    May, J. Peter

    University of Chicago 1 Physical Sciences There are many different ways of obtaining knowledge role throughout the physical sciences. Indeed, mathematics is the language through which physical in the physical sciences is to introduce the student to these different ways of knowing and these different

  20. Professional Science Master in Medical Physics (PSMMP)

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Professional Science Master in Medical Physics (PSMMP) CAMPEP Accredited Department of Physics Florida atlantic University #12;T he Department of Physics offers the Professional Science Master, Chemistry, Computer Science or Engineering with a minor in Physics are considered. 2. At least a 3.0 (of a 4

  1. Student Science Training Program in Mathematics, Physics and Computer Science

    E-print Network

    Abelson, Harold

    1976-09-01

    During the summer of 1976, the Massachussetts Institute of Technology Artificial Intelligence Laboratory sponsored a Student Science Training Program in Mathematics, Physics and Computer Science for high ability ...

  2. 10 Tips on Writing Good Multiple Choice Questions Karen A. Garman Ed.D., MAPP, President, HELP, Inc.

    E-print Network

    Gleeson, Joseph G.

    . Healthcare Education, Leadership & Performance, Inc. www.helpconsulting.com The multiple choice question discrimination on the part of the student. 6. Avoid giving irrelevant clues to the answer such as: length of clue

  3. Physics and College of Arts and Sciences

    E-print Network

    Collins, Gary S.

    Physics and Astronomy College of Arts and Sciences Degree Options Bachelor of Science in Physics and Astronomy Specialization Tracks Available: Astrophysics Standard Physics Minors Astronomy Physics Program for the public to attend. · Each year, usually during Dad's Weekend, the Physics and Astronomy Club hosts

  4. BOOK REVIEW: Key Science Physics: New Edition and Key Science Physics for International Schools: Extension File

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maybank, Maureen

    1999-09-01

    When handling , I recalled how one set of sixth-form students that I taught affectionately referred to Jim Breithaupt's large format book Understanding Physics for Advanced Level as `Big Jim'. This package, for GCSE students and teachers, is its younger brother. Key Science Physics was reviewed in this journal over four years ago. Now it is in a new edition with an expanded ring file of teacher resources (a Teacher's Guide and Extension File). It has been expanded for a wider range of students to meet the requirements of all GCSE syllabuses with additional topics for IGCSE and IB. The international bit seems to be among materials in the file of resources and does not appear in the title of the students' textbook. This is not one of those purchases that will only get occasional use and be left in a department library but it is one that contains sufficient excellent material to become central to any GCSE Physics course. For the students there is a single-volume 396-page textbook in full colour (not a heavyweight book). Marginal comments point out places where an Activity or Assignment from the Extension File fits in. All the materials in the teacher's Extension File are cross referenced to the numbering of this textbook, i.e. its Themes, Topics, Checkpoints, Tests etc, not to page numbers. The margin is used in other attractive ways to highlight a summary, propose a first thought or provide a topic summary. The text is fruitful mix of pure physics, applications and personalities. To support the students' practical work the Extension File contains photocopiable sheets. For the activities and assignments a few contain a harder version to give access to the higher levels of attainment. Four alternatives to practical questions are given; there are also exam questions and multiple choice questions for each topic. These all have helpful mark schemes on the teacher's answers pages. What else do you get? A Glossary collection of sheets to photocopy with space to enter a definition in a second language. Versions of many key diagrams in the student book are enlarged and reworked in clear black and white to make OHP transparencies. There is a mention of these also being in colour on a CD-ROM. The organization of the Extension File is as clear as is reasonably possible. As a user, I would add coloured page dividers to mark the sections within it. The Teacher's Guide is admirable in its restraint - just 26 sides of topic notes - which includes the answers to the non-numerical checkpoint questions missing in the student book. It is not wordy or full of educational theory but succinct and relevant to the day-to-day business of learning with these materials. Reading it, I was aware of the snags that a novice teacher might be glad to know but were missing. As always, materials like these should come with a health warning - try out all homework sheets, instructions for activities and assignments before your students!

  5. 2013 Events | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    This joint conference organized by the American Association of Physicists in Medicine and the Physical Sciences-Oncology Center will explore novel areas of interaction between physical and medical sciences and work towards a roadmap for future collaborative efforts.

  6. 2012 Events | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    Final report on the Assessment of Physical Sciences and Engineering Advances in Life Sciences and Oncology (APHELION) study The NCI OPSO and the NSF gathered an expert panel consisting of prominent scientists to conduct an international Assessment of PHysical sciences and Engineering advances in LIfe sciences and ONcology (APHELION). The findings of the APHELION study provide a comprehensive, peer-reviewed set of evaluations of physical sciences-oncology research overseas in comparison to research being conducted in the United States.

  7. The Development and Analysis of a Grade Eight Physical Science Test.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singh, Balwant; And Others

    This 46-question multiple choice test deals with the physical and chemical properties of matter, wave motion and types of energy, simple machines, equipment safety and measurement. The test is meant for administration to grade 8 students before and after instruction. Item analysis of the pre- post data are included, as are reliability estimates…

  8. 466 The Division of the Physical Sciences Department of Physics

    E-print Network

    466 The Division of the Physical Sciences Department of Physics Chair · Edward Blucher Professors year colleges, from the #12;468 The Division of the Physical Sciences U.S. and worldwide. Most. Schiffer · S. Courtney Wright The Department of Physics offers advanced degree opportunities in many areas

  9. 2008 Events | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    BSA Approves Physical Sciences Oncology Program November 6, 2008 NCI's Deputy Director, Dr. Anna D. Barker, presents a concept to the Board of Scientific Advisors (BSA) about supporting the development of Physical Sciences in Oncology Centers. View the webcast of the deliberations and approval to launch the Physical Sciences in Oncology Program.

  10. Physical Sciences Division Robert Fefferman, Dean

    E-print Network

    He, Chuan

    Physical Sciences Division Robert Fefferman, Dean Michael J. Foote, Associate Dean Richard Hefley, Dean of Students Division of the Physical Sciences 5747 Ellis Ave. University of Chicago Chicago, IL 60637 Tel: (773) 702-8789 E-mail: individual departments http://physical- sciences.uchicago.edu/ Click

  11. Centers | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    The Methodist Hospital Research Institute The Methodist Hospital Research Institute Physical Sciences-Oncology Center evaluates the process of mass transport in cancer to generate novel methods to improve diagnosis and treatment of cancer. This center focuses on hepatic, breast, colorectal, and pancreatic primary cancers as well on liver metastasis of the last three conditions. The investigators show that transport differentials are very important in the ability to efficiently treat malignancies.

  12. PHYSICS HONORS College of Science Physics -BS

    E-print Network

    Kihara, Daisuke

    requirement) (3) Science/Engineering 300 level (could be met by CoS Great Issues requirement) Other Behavioral/Social Science for core) (3) Great Issues LINK (satisfies one of the Science/Social Science Written Communication Information Literacy Oral Communication Science Selective Quantitative

  13. The journal of the Physical Sciences Centre Number 9 Physical Sciences Centre

    E-print Network

    Witten, Thomas A.

    The journal of the Physical Sciences Centre Number 9 Physical Sciences Centre Department@hull.ac.uk Web: www.physsci.heacademy.ac.uk Volume 5 Issue 2 November 2004 ISSN 1471-7166 Physical Sciences Subject area Condensed-matter physics; physical chemistry. Description This book provides a comprehensive

  14. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Physics 30. June 1989 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Physique 30. Juin 1989.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Physics 30 is a 12th-grade science course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during June 1989, it contains 49 multiple-choice questions and 4 written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for completing the test. No answer key is included since scoring is…

  15. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Physics 30. January 1988 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Physique 30. Janvier 1988.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Physics 30 is a 12th-grade science course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the major examination for the course. Both English and French versions are provided. Intended for administration during January 1988, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and three written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for…

  16. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Physics 30. January 1989 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Physique 30. Janvier 1989.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Physics 30 is a 12th-grade science course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during January 1989, it contains 49 multiple-choice questions and four written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for completing the test. No answer key is included since scoring…

  17. College of Science Physics -BS 120 Credits for graduation Credits

    E-print Network

    Kihara, Daisuke

    Issues LINK (satisfies one of the Science/Engineering requirements for Physics Selective) (0 Communication Information Literacy Oral Communication Science Selective Quantitative Reasoning SciencePHYSICS College of Science Physics - BS PHYS 120 Credits for graduation Credits Physics Major

  18. Foundation Engineering and Physical Sciences Undergraduate study 2016

    E-print Network

    Maizels, Rick

    Foundation Engineering and Physical Sciences Undergraduate study 2016 www and Physical Sciences The Foundation Engineering and Physical Sciences (FEPS) programme at Nottingham has been, Mathematical Sciences, and Physics and Astronomy. As a foundation student you will be a full member

  19. Delayed, but not immediate, feedback after multiple-choice questions increases performance on a subsequent short-answer, but not multiple-choice, exam: evidence for the dual-process theory of memory.

    PubMed

    Sinha, Neha; Glass, Arnold Lewis

    2015-01-01

    Three experiments, two performed in the laboratory and one embedded in a college psychology lecture course, investigated the effects of immediate versus delayed feedback following a multiple-choice exam on subsequent short answer and multiple-choice exams. Performance on the subsequent multiple-choice exam was not affected by the timing of the feedback on the prior exam; however, performance on the subsequent short answer exam was better following delayed than following immediate feedback. This was true regardless of the order in which immediate versus delayed feedback was given. Furthermore, delayed feedback only had a greater effect than immediate feedback on subsequent short answer performance following correct, confident responses on the prior exam. These results indicate that delayed feedback cues a student's prior response and increases subsequent recollection of that response. The practical implication is that delayed feedback is better than immediate feedback during academic testing. PMID:25832741

  20. Physical Science in General Education Curriculum Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, William J.

    Current interest in the content and methodology of college physical science instruction stems from a recently adopted general education program for Montgomery College, a two-year comprehensive community college. It is contended that physical science should play a major and vital role within the science component requirements of a student's program…

  1. Physical Sciences MONTANA STATE UNIVERSITYBOZEMAN MOUNTAINS & MINDS

    E-print Network

    Dyer, Bill

    Physical Sciences MONTANA STATE UNIVERSITYBOZEMAN MOUNTAINS & MINDS Chemistry The Department is in surficial geology/physical geography, along with a traditional strength in snow science. The Mountain of industrial and agricultural chemicals, fundamental work in materials science, and the biochemistry portion

  2. The Question Complexity Rubric: Development and Application for a National Archive of Astro 101 Multiple-Choice Questions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cormier, Sebastien; Prather, E. E.; Brissenden, G.; Collaboration of Astronomy Teaching Scholars CATS

    2011-01-01

    For the last two years we have been developing an online national archive of multiple-choice questions for use in the Astro 101 classroom. These questions are intended to either supplement an instructor's implementation of Think-Pair-Share or be used for assessment purposes (i.e. exams and homework). In this talk we will describe the development, testing and implementation of the Question Complexity Rubric (QCR), which is designed to guide the ranking of questions in this archive based on their conceptual complexity. Using the QCR, a score is assigned to differentiate each question based on the cognitive steps necessary to comprehensively explain the reasoning pathway to the correct answer. The lowest QCR score is given to questions with a reasoning pathway requiring only declarative knowledge whereas the highest QCR score is given to questions that require multiple pathways of multi-step reasoning. When completed, the online question archive will provide users with the utility to 1) search for and download questions based on subject and average QCR score, 2) use the QCR to score questions, and 3) add their own questions to the archive. We will also discuss other potential applications of the QCR, such as how it informs our work in developing and testing of survey instruments by allowing us to calibrate the range of question complexity. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 0715517, a CCLI Phase III Grant for the Collaboration of Astronomy Teaching Scholars (CATS). Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

  3. The Next Generation Science Standards: A Focus on Physical Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krajcik, Joe

    2013-01-01

    This article describes ways to adapt U.S. science curriculum to the U.S. National Research Council (NRC) "Framework for K-12 Science Education" and "Next Generation of Science Standards" (NGSS), noting their focus on teaching the physical sciences. The overall goal of the Framework and NGSS is to help all learners develop the…

  4. 77 FR 17102 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-23

    ...for Mathematical and Physical Sciences Advisory Committee...for Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Room 1005...concerning NSF science and education activities within the...for Mathematical and Physical Sciences. Agenda:...

  5. Inter-college program between Colleges of Life Sciences & Agriculture and Engineering & Physical Sciences

    E-print Network

    Pringle, James "Jamie"

    Inter-college program between Colleges of Life Sciences & Agriculture and Engineering & Physical between Colleges of Life Sciences & Agriculture and Engineering & Physical Sciences Offered by Natural-college program between Colleges of Life Sciences & Agriculture and Engineering & Physical Sciences Offered

  6. 2009 Events | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    The National Cancer Institute (NCI) has awarded multiple institutional grants to establish twelve Physical Sciences-Oncology Centers (PS-OC) as part of its Physical Sciences in Oncology initiative to better understand the physical laws and principles that shape and govern the emergence and behavior of cancer. The goal of the five year initiative is to engage trans-disciplinary scientific teams from fields of physics, mathematics, chemistry and engineering to examine new, non-traditional approaches to cancer research.

  7. Biofield Science: Current Physics Perspectives.

    PubMed

    Kafatos, Menas C; Chevalier, Gaétan; Chopra, Deepak; Hubacher, John; Kak, Subhash; Theise, Neil D

    2015-11-01

    This article briefly reviews the biofield hypothesis and its scientific literature. Evidence for the existence of the biofield now exists, and current theoretical foundations are now being developed. A review of the biofield and related topics from the perspective of physical science is needed to identify a common body of knowledge and evaluate possible underlying principles of origin of the biofield. The properties of such a field could be based on electromagnetic fields, coherent states, biophotons, quantum and quantum-like processes, and ultimately the quantum vacuum. Given this evidence, we intend to inquire and discuss how the existence of the biofield challenges reductionist approaches and presents its own challenges regarding the origin and source of the biofield, the specific evidence for its existence, its relation to biology, and last but not least, how it may inform an integrated understanding of consciousness and the living universe. PMID:26665039

  8. "Physics and Life" for Europe's Science Teachers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2003-04-01

    The EIROforum Contribution to the European Science and Technology Week 2003 [Physics on Stage 3 Logo] What do you know about modern science? Was your school science teacher inspiring and enthusiastic? Or was physics class a good time to take a nap? Unfortunately, many young Europeans don't have the fondest memories of science in school, and the result is a widespread disinterest and lack of understanding of science among adults. This has become a real problem - especially at a time when science is having a growing impact on our daily lives, and when society needs more scientists than ever! What can be done? Some of Europe's leading research organisations, scientists and teachers have put their heads together and come up with a unique approach called "Physics on Stage" . This will be the third year that these institutes, with substantial support from the European Commission, are running this project - attacking the problem at its roots. EIROforum and "Physics on Stage 3" [EIROforum Logo] "Physics On Stage 3" is based on the very successful "Physics On Stage" concept that was introduced in 2000. It is directed towards science teachers and students in Europe's secondary schools. It is a part of the year-long build-up to the European Science and Technology Week 2003 (3-9 November), an initiative by the European Commission, and is run by seven of Europe's leading Intergovernmental Research Organizations (the EIROforum) [1]. The project addresses the content and format of science teaching in European schools , seeking to improve the quality of teaching and to find new ways to stimulate pupils to take an interest in science. Innovative and inspirational science teaching is seen as a key component to attract young people to deal with scientific issues, whether or not they finally choose a career in science. Hence, "Physics On Stage 3" aims to stimulate the interest of young people through the school teachers, who can play a key role in reversing the trend of falling interest in science and current scientific research. The goals of "Physics On Stage 3" [EWST Logo] "Physics on Stage 3" also aims to facilitate the exchange of good practice and innovative ideas among Europe's science teachers and to provide a forum for a broad debate among educators, administrators and policy-makers about the key problems in science education today. Moreover, it will make available the considerable, combined expertise of the EIROforum organisations to the European scientific teaching community, in order to promote the introduction of "fresh" science into the curricula and thus to convey a more realistic image of modern science to the pupils. "Physics on Stage 3" is concerned with basic science and also with the cross-over between different science disciplines - a trend becoming more and more important in today's science, which is not normally reflected in school curricula. A key element of the programme is to give teachers an up-to-date "insiders'" view of what is happening in science and to tell them about new, highly-diverse and interesting career opportunities for their pupils. Theme of the activities The theme of "Physics on Stage" this year is "Physics and Life" , reflecting the decision to broaden the Physics on Stage activities to encompass all the natural sciences. Including other sciences will augment the already successful concept, introducing a mixture of cross-over projects that highlight the multidisciplinary aspects of modern science. Among the many subjects to be presented are radiation, physics and the environment, astrobiology (the search for life beyond earth), complex systems, self-organising systems, sports science, the medical applications of physics, mathematics and epidemiology, etc. The main elements National activities "Physics on Stage 3" has already started and National Steering Committees in 22 countries, composed of eminent science teachers, scientists, administrators and others involved in se

  9. Diagnosing Secondary Students' Misconceptions of Photosynthesis and Respiration in Plants Using a Two-Tier Multiple Choice Instrument.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haslam, Filocha; Treagust, David F.

    1987-01-01

    Describes a multiple-choice instrument that reliably and validly diagnoses secondary students' understanding of photosynthesis and respiration in plants. Highlights the consistency of students' misconceptions across secondary levels and indicates a high percentage of students have misconceptions regarding plant physiology. (CW)

  10. Effectiveness of Guided Multiple Choice Objective Questions Test on Students' Academic Achievement in Senior School Mathematics by School Location

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Igbojinwaekwu, Patrick Chukwuemeka

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated, using pretest-posttest quasi-experimental research design, the effectiveness of guided multiple choice objective questions test on students' academic achievement in Senior School Mathematics, by school location, in Delta State Capital Territory, Nigeria. The sample comprised 640 Students from four coeducation secondary…

  11. Assessment of Multiple-Choice Questions in Selected Test Banks Accompanying Text Books Used in Nursing Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masters, Joan C.; Hulsmeyer, Barbara S.; Pike, Mary E.; Leichty, Kathy; Miller, Margaret T.; Verst, Amy L.

    2001-01-01

    A sample of 2,913 questions from 17 nursing test banks was evaluated for adherence to multiple-choice guidelines, cognitive level in Bloom's Taxonomy, and distribution of correct answers. Analysis revealed 2,233 guideline violations; 47.3% of items were written at the knowledge level, 6.5% at the analysis level; and correct answers were evenly…

  12. Student Research Workshop, RANLP 2009 -Borovets, Bulgaria, pages 2934 Improving the Output from Software that Generates Multiple Choice

    E-print Network

    ) with 62 manually created MCQ test items to form an item bank. A usability score is assigned to each item in this paper the evaluation is done by analyzing the selections made by a domain expert from a bank of MCQ test Software that Generates Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) Test Items Automatically using Controlled Rhetorical

  13. Developing an Array Binary Code Assessment Rubric for Multiple- Choice Questions Using Item Arrays and Binary-Coded Responses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haro, Elizabeth K.; Haro, Luis S.

    2014-01-01

    The multiple-choice question (MCQ) is the foundation of knowledge assessment in K-12, higher education, and standardized entrance exams (including the GRE, MCAT, and DAT). However, standard MCQ exams are limited with respect to the types of questions that can be asked when there are only five choices. MCQs offering additional choices more…

  14. Second Language Reading Topic Familiarity and Test Score: Test-Taking Strategies for Multiple-Choice Comprehension Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Jia-Ying

    2011-01-01

    The main purpose of this study was to compare the strategies used by Chinese-speaking students when confronted with familiar versus unfamiliar topics in a multiple-choice format reading comprehension test. The focus was on describing what students do when they are taking reading comprehension tests by asking students to verbalize their thoughts.…

  15. The Development of Multiple-Choice Items Consistent with the AP Chemistry Curriculum Framework to More Accurately Assess Deeper Understanding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Domyancich, John M.

    2014-01-01

    Multiple-choice questions are an important part of large-scale summative assessments, such as the advanced placement (AP) chemistry exam. However, past AP chemistry exam items often lacked the ability to test conceptual understanding and higher-order cognitive skills. The redesigned AP chemistry exam shows a distinctive shift in item types toward…

  16. Polytomous versus Dichotomous Scoring on Multiple-Choice Examinations: Development of a Rubric for Rating Partial Credit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grunert, Megan L.; Raker, Jeffrey R.; Murphy, Kristen L.; Holme, Thomas A.

    2013-01-01

    The concept of assigning partial credit on multiple-choice test items is considered for items from ACS Exams. Because the items on these exams, particularly the quantitative items, use common student errors to define incorrect answers, it is possible to assign partial credits to some of these incorrect responses. To do so, however, it becomes…

  17. Beyond the Bubble: How to Use Multiple-Choice Tests to Improve Math Instruction, Grades 4-5

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wickett, Maryann; Hendrix-Martin, Eunice

    2011-01-01

    Multiple-choice testing is an educational reality. Rather than complain about the negative impact these tests may have on teaching and learning, why not use them to better understand your students' true mathematical knowledge and comprehension? Maryann Wickett and Eunice Hendrix-Martin show teachers how to move beyond the student's answer--right…

  18. Physics. Teacher's Guide. Investigations in Natural Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Renner, John W.; And Others

    Investigations in Natural Science is a program in secondary school biology, chemistry, and physics based upon the description of science as a quest for knowledge, not the knowledge itself. This teaching guide is designed for use with the 36 physics investigations found in the student manual. These investigations focus on concepts related to:…

  19. Physical Science in Constructivist Early Childhood Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kato, Tsuguhiko; Van Meeteren, Beth Dykstra

    2008-01-01

    Teachers at the Freeburg Early Childhood Program know that experimentation with physical science is of great interest to young children, and can begin as early as the age of 3. The constructivist teachers at this experimental school at the University of Northern Iowa worked for six years to develop a center-based approach to physical science with…

  20. Physical Sciences in a College of Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bunton, M. H. H.

    1970-01-01

    Describes the objectives and contents of a physical science course for preservice teachers in a teacher's college in England. The course extends over three years, emphasizes physical science concepts, and is laboratory oriented. Discusses how the topics of spectroscopy and crystallography are treated in the course. The syllabus is included. (LC)

  1. Physical Science Experiments for Scientific Glassblowing Technicians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tillis, Samuel E.; Donaghay, Herbert C.

    The twenty experiments in this text have been designed to give the scientific glassblowing technician the opportunity to use scientific glass apparatus in the study of physical science. Primary emphasis of these experiments is on the practical application of the physical science program as a working tool for the scientific glassblowing technician.…

  2. Physical Science Laboratory Manual, Experimental Version.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooperative General Science Project, Atlanta, GA.

    Provided are physical science laboratory experiments which have been developed and used as a part of an experimental one year undergraduate course in general science for non-science majors. The experiments cover a limited number of topics representative of the scientific enterprise. Some of the topics are pressure and buoyancy, heat, motion,…

  3. Faculty development programs improve the quality of Multiple Choice Questions items' writing

    PubMed Central

    Abdulghani, Hamza Mohammad; Ahmad, Farah; Irshad, Mohammad; Khalil, Mahmoud Salah; Al-Shaikh, Ghadeer Khalid; Syed, Sadiqa; Aldrees, Abdulmajeed Abdurrahman; Alrowais, Norah; Haque, Shafiul

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the utility of long term faculty development programs (FDPs) in order to improve the quality of multiple choice questions (MCQs) items' writing. This was a quasi-experimental study, conducted with newly joined faculty members. The MCQ items were analyzed for difficulty index, discriminating index, reliability, Bloom's cognitive levels, item writing flaws (IWFs) and MCQs' nonfunctioning distractors (NFDs) based test courses of respiratory, cardiovascular and renal blocks. Significant improvement was found in the difficulty index values of pre- to post-training (p = 0.003). MCQs with moderate difficulty and higher discrimination were found to be more in the post-training tests in all three courses. Easy questions were decreased from 36.7 to 22.5%. Significant improvement was also reported in the discriminating indices from 92.1 to 95.4% after training (p = 0.132). More number of higher cognitive level of Bloom's taxonomy was reported in the post-training test items (p<0.0001). Also, NFDs and IWFs were reported less in the post-training items (p<0.02). The MCQs written by the faculties without participating in FDPs are usually of low quality. This study suggests that newly joined faculties need active participation in FDPs as these programs are supportive in improving the quality of MCQs' items writing. PMID:25828516

  4. Comparison of Collegial Individual and Group Reviews of General Practice Multiple Choice Questions

    PubMed Central

    Böhme, Klaus; Schelling, Jörg; Streitlein-Böhme, Irmgard; Glassen, Katharina; Schübel, Jeannine; Jünger, Jana

    2012-01-01

    Aims: In most German medical faculties, credits in general practice can be earned via exams using multiple-choice questions (MCQ). Measures such as peer-reviews may help assure the quality of these exams. In order to use time and personnel intensive peer reviews effectively and efficiently, the procedures used are key. Therefore, we wanted to find out whether there are differences between group and individual reviews regarding defined parameters. Methods: We conducted a controlled cross-over study with three GP reviewers from four different German universities. Each reviewed 80 MCQs, 40 individually and 40 within a group, including external assessments by a panel of experts. Furthermore all reviewers were asked to evaluate the review process and the time spent carrying out these reviews. Outcomes: We found no significant differences between the reliability and the validity of individual reviews versus group reviews. On average slightly more time was spent on group reviews compared with the individual reviews. The subjective assessments of the study participants regarding their satisfaction with the process and the efficiency and effectiveness of the reviews suggest a preference for group reviews. Conclusions: Based on this study, there are no definite recommendations for or against either approach. When choosing between the two, the specific work structures and organisation at the local faculty should be taken into account. PMID:22916083

  5. [Development of a Set of Rehabilitation Related Multiple-choice-questions in Medical Education].

    PubMed

    Gutt, S; Bergelt, C; Faller, H; Krischak, G; Spyra, K; Uhlmann, A; Mau, W

    2015-08-01

    In the rehabilitation related teaching as in other subjects of the medical training multiple choice (MC) examinations are the most frequent type of examinations. Compared to other subjects only a few MC questions are available for the interdisciplinary subject Rehabilitation. Therefore an internet-based online platform "Pool of rehabilitation related MC questions" was developed to assist teachers regarding the provision, design and organization of high-quality rehabilitation related MC questions. A total of 502 existing MC questions were collected from 12 German Medical Faculties. After removal of 59 questions not suitable for formal and content reasons a total of 443 questions were presented to 6 reviewers for triple reviews (a total of 1?329 expert reviews received). Of the 502 questions 335 (67%) were included in the final pool including short cases with 46 case studies. The questions refer to the following learning objectives: principles of rehabilitation (40%), rehabilitative interventions (20%), diagnosis and assessment (18%), initiation and control of the rehabilitation process (12%) and methods/quality of rehabilitative interventions (10%). The use of the online platform modules resp. the questions are for free for lecturers. This includes the compilation and output of complete examinations, the statistical evaluation, and other audit-related materials. This examination pool counteracts the current lack of quality-assured rehabilitation-related MC questions and contributes to set common standards for the Medical Faculties to rehabilitation related examinations. PMID:26080058

  6. Teresa Schuessler | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    Ms. Schuessler serves as the Health Communications Fellow for the Physical Sciences in Oncology Program. She oversees efforts to inform the scientific and lay communities about the transdisciplinary research being done across the Physical Sciences-Oncology Centers (PS-OC) program network through science writing and social media. Ms. Schuessler's responsibilities also include program evaluation and data analysis in order to assess PS-OC performance across the network.

  7. Physical Science Rocks! Outreach for Elementary Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKone, Kevin

    2010-01-01

    Students at Copiah-Lincoln Community College (Co-Lin) have been hesitant to take courses in the physical sciences, mostly because of a lack of exposure to them in K-12 or a bad experience in this area. The college is addressing this need by exposing students to the physical sciences early on in their education. The science division at Co-Lin has…

  8. RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science Strong Correlation Physics Division

    E-print Network

    Fukai, Tomoki

    RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science Strong Correlation Physics Division Strong Correlation Physics Theory Research Team Emergent Matter Science Research Support Team Quantum Effect Device Research Computational Physics Research Unit Emergent Spectroscopy Research Unit Emergent Matter Science Planning Office

  9. The Impact of Escape Alternative Position Change in Multiple-Choice Test on the Psychometric Properties of a Test and Its Items Parameters

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamadneh, Iyad Mohammed

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed at investigating the impact changing of escape alternative position in multiple-choice test on the psychometric properties of a test and it's items parameters (difficulty, discrimination & guessing), and estimation of examinee ability. To achieve the study objectives, a 4-alternative multiple choice type achievement test…

  10. 78 FR 17234 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical Sciences and Physical Sciences #66; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-20

    ... Mathematical and Physical Sciences, National Science Foundation, 4201 Wilson Blvd., Arlington, VA 22230... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Advisory Committee for Mathematical Sciences and Physical Sciences 66; Notice of Meeting In accordance...

  11. Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences

    E-print Network

    Hart, Gus

    Science Jane Cutler Physics Brian Lafayette Davis Computer Science Carter Davis Mathematics Kaylea Renea Harris Mathematics Matthew Joseph Heiner Actuarial Science Larry Keith Heki Chemistry Lisa Nicole Heppler

  12. Physical and Life Sciences 2008 Science & Technology Highlights

    SciTech Connect

    Correll, D L; Hazi, A U

    2009-05-06

    This document highlights the outstanding research and development activities in the Physical and Life Sciences Directorate that made news in 2008. It also summarizes the awards and recognition received by members of the Directorate in 2008.

  13. Northwestern University | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    Northwestern University Physical Sciences-Oncology Center's (NU PS-OC) main focus is to probe the molecular basis of information flow within malignant cells. This center’s studies will highlight diverse characteristics of gene expression and storage. Moreover, these investigators postulate that in the cancerous state, the epigenome is significantly mutated. By merging experimental molecular and cellular biology with the physical sciences, these investigators will examine the regulation and expression of genes.

  14. The "Next Generation Science Standards": A Focus on Physical Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krajcik, Joe

    2013-01-01

    What should all students know about the physical sciences? Why should all students have a basic understanding of these ideas? An amazing number of new scientific breakthroughs have occurred in the last 20 years that impact daily lives. This article focuses on the "Next Generation Science Standards" (NGSS) disciplinary core ideas in…

  15. Technology-Enhanced Physics Programme for Community-Based Science Learning: Innovative Design and Programme Evaluation in a Theme Park

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tho, Siew Wei; Chan, Ka Wing; Yeung, Yau Yuen

    2015-10-01

    In this study, a new physics education programme is specifically developed for a famous theme park in Hong Kong to provide community-based science learning to her visitors, involving her three newly constructed rides. We make innovative use of digital technologies in this programme and incorporate a rigorous evaluation of the learning effectiveness of the programme. A total of around 200 students from nine local secondary schools participated in both the physics programme and its subsequent evaluation which consists of a combination of research and assessment tools, including pre- and post-multiple-choice tests, a questionnaire survey and an interview as specifically developed for this programme, or adopted from some well-accepted research instruments. Based on the evaluation of students' academic performance, there are two educationally significant findings on enhancing the students' physics learning: (a) traditionally large gender differences in physics performance and interest of learning are mostly eliminated; and (b) a less-exciting ride called the aviator (instead of the most exciting roller-coaster ride) can induce the largest learning effect (or gain in academic performance) amongst teenagers. Besides, findings from the questionnaire survey and interviews of participants are reported to reveal their views, perceptions, positive and negative comments or feedback on this programme which could provide valuable insights for future development of other similar community-based programmes.

  16. Impact of inquiry based distance learning and availability of classroom materials on physical science content knowledge of teachers and students in central Appalachia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bradshaw, Timothy John

    Physical science is important for developing scientific literacy yet a majority of teachers responsible for physical science courses do not have an academic degree in physical science. Programs aimed at increasing teacher content knowledge can be time consuming. This dissertation examines the impact of an inquiry based, professional development program offered via distance learning on teacher content knowledge and the role of teacher content knowledge on student understanding and attitudes toward science. Seventy-three teachers participated in the study, including Group I teachers (n = 39) who completed a distance learning course, a control group (Group II) with no intervention (n = 17), and Group III teachers (n = 17) who received classroom materials and no course intervention. A multiple-choice assessment was administered to teachers at the beginning and end of the summer. A similar multiple-choice assessment was administered during the school year to students (n=3,790) of those teachers. A teacher survey assessing the frequency of activity use and teachers' perceptions of the kit was administered to teachers at the end of the school year. A student survey assessing frequency of activities in the classroom, opinions of how to learn science, and attitudes toward science was administered to students during the school year. While Group II (50.6%) and Group III (52.2%) teacher scores were both lower than Group I teacher scores (67.4%), students in Group III (42.9%) outperformed students in Group II (39.4%) following instruction, at a level equal to Group I students (43.6%). Thus, providing materials/activities was as effective at increasing student understanding as providing materials/activities and increasing teacher understanding. However, while teachers in Group I and III report similar use of and satisfaction with the materials/activities, the percentage of Group I students reporting frequent use of inquiry based activities in the classroom, strong belief that inquiry based activities help them learn science, and positive attitudes toward science increased, while the percentages of students in Groups II and III decreased. These results suggest that in order to maximize students' understanding of and attitudes toward science, professional development programs should not only include inquiry pedagogy and laboratory materials but also emphasize teacher understanding. KEYWORDS: Professional development, distance learning, classroom materials, student content knowledge, teacher content knowledge

  17. Contact Information | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    The National Cancer Institute (NCI) is exploring new and innovative scientific approaches to better understand and control cancer. The Office of Physical Sciences - Oncology (OPSO) leads the NCI's efforts to establish research projects that bring together cancer biologists and oncologists with scientists from the fields of physics, mathematics, chemistry, and engineering to address some of the major questions and barriers in cancer research.

  18. Arizona State University | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    Arizona State University Physical Sciences-Oncology Center's (ASU PS-OC) foremost aim is to rigorously question the central tenets of cancer biology and to innovate paradigm shifting tactics that challenge the barriers of contemporary cancer research and treatments. These investigators hypothesize that cancer progression is linked to systematic physical differences in cells.

  19. Career Exploration in the Physical Sciences.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Vocational and Technical Education.

    The purpose of the teacher's guide is to acquaint ninth grade students with the areas of physical science and the possible occupations within those areas. By exploring some of the basic concepts of chemistry, physics, metallurgy, and geology, students gain insight into the knowledge and skill required by those in occupations related to these…

  20. Science for physically and mentally challenged students

    SciTech Connect

    Whalen, L.

    1994-12-31

    Science is all around us in everything we do, but science education is not always provided to youngsters who are physically and mentally challenged. The problem is not that most children can`t learn, it is that we are not explaining or modeling to meet each child`s needs. We must rethink our ways of teaching and enthusing. Science can be taught to, and enjoyed by, challenged youth to explain the world around them. The science should be friendly. Scientific vocabulary can be intimidating and everyday words must be used. Increased tactile and visualization methods based on social concepts and sign language can be used to improve science education for physically and mentally challenged students.

  1. Faculty of Science Medical Physics

    E-print Network

    courses for credit, summer placements and volunteer activities. Our students work with experts in such diverse fields as Biophysics and Medical Physics; Acoustic Microscopy and Materials Characterization; Nanoscale Electronics; Quantum Control and Quantum Computing; and Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics. #12

  2. Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences

    E-print Network

    Hart, Gus

    Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Fall 2010 To qualify for the Dean's List Jakob Samuel Adams Computer Science Kevin Wayne Ames Chemistry Kolten Lex Barfuss Physics David Jeffrey Computer Science Eric D Gibbs Applied Physics Tyler P Gill Computer Science Matthew D Gillon Physics

  3. Home | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    Video of the NCI's recent symposium on this new and exciting frontier of cancer research. Topics include information transfer in time and space, physics of cancer, advancing cancer technologies, evolutionary dynamics in cancer, and links to clinical perspectives.

  4. Page 216 Physical Sciences for Elementary School Teachers Sonoma State University 2015-2016 Catalog PHYSICAL SCIENCES FOR ELEMENTARY

    E-print Network

    Ravikumar, B.

    Page 216 Physical Sciences for Elementary School Teachers Sonoma State University 2015-2016 Catalog PHYSICAL SCIENCES FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS Program Advisors and Offices Jennifer Whiles in Physical Sciences The minor in physical sciences for elementary teachers provides an introduction

  5. RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science Strong Correlation Physics Division

    E-print Network

    Fukai, Tomoki

    RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science Strong Correlation Physics Division Strong Correlation Physics Theory Research Team Emergent Matter Science Research Support Team Quantum Effect Device Research Physics Research Group Strong Correlation Theory Research Group Strong Correlation Interface Research

  6. 1 1/28/2014 Physical Sciences Directorate

    E-print Network

    1 1/28/2014 Physical Sciences Directorate Directorate Operations Kathy Carney, Manager Associate, Manager Basic Energy Sciences Program Michelle Buchanan Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences Phil Britt Materials Science and Engineering Michelle Buchanan, Acting CNMS User Programs Hans Christen

  7. The Philosophy of Physical Science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eddington, Arthur

    2012-10-01

    Preface; 1. Scientific epistemology; 2. Selective subjectivism; 3. Unobservables; 4. The scope of epistemological method; 5. Epistemology and relativity theory; 6. Epistemology and quantum theory; 7. Discovery or manufacture; 8. The concept of analysis; 9. The concept of structure; 10. The concept of existence; 11. The physical universe; 12. The beginnings of knowledge; 13. The synthesis of knowledge; Index.

  8. Challenges for computational physical sciences

    E-print Network

    Corrosion Cracking: Ni embrittlement by S impurities · multiscale simulations: sulfur-principles" · Parameters: adjustable #12;2 EK Research Group ­ Physics and SEAS #12;#12;With S Pure Ni TG Stress% cancer (all types) #12;11 How does the flow reshape the endothelium? x y (V) Endothelial Shear Stress #12

  9. Teaching Triple Science: GCSE Physics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Learning and Skills Network (NJ3), 2007

    2007-01-01

    This publication provides an introduction to teaching and learning approaches for the extension topics within GCSE Physics. It highlights some specific ideas that teachers can adopt and where to find further information. It also outlines issues for managing the change. This guide contains sevens sections: Section 1 presents the policy context;…

  10. Bioresource Core | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    The Physical Sciences-Oncology Network Bioresource Core Facility (PBCF) at ATCC is a central resource for all members of the Physical Sciences-Oncology Network (PS-ON) and collaborators. The PBCF serves as a centralized distributor and repository providing the Network with common stocks of an authenticated set of non-malignant and cancerous cell lines, their derivatives, cell culture reagents, and related standard operating protocols. Investigators outside of the Network who agree to actively participate in data sharing and integration efforts are welcome to join the Network.

  11. Accelerator science in medical physics

    PubMed Central

    Peach, K; Wilson, P; Jones, B

    2011-01-01

    The use of cyclotrons and synchrotrons to accelerate charged particles in hospital settings for the purpose of cancer therapy is increasing. Consequently, there is a growing demand from medical physicists, radiographers, physicians and oncologists for articles that explain the basic physical concepts of these technologies. There are unique advantages and disadvantages to all methods of acceleration. Several promising alternative methods of accelerating particles also have to be considered since they will become increasingly available with time; however, there are still many technical problems with these that require solving. This article serves as an introduction to this complex area of physics, and will be of benefit to those engaged in cancer therapy, or who intend to acquire such technologies in the future. PMID:22374548

  12. Princeton University | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    Princeton University Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (PU PS-OC) will focus on how to control the evolution of cancer resistance to chemotherapy. Drug resistance is the major barrier to successful cancer treatment, and understanding its development will facilitate the creation of new agents with improved efficacy. These investigators will use the basics of physics to evaluate stress response mechanisms in a variety of fundamental as well as clinically relevant studies.

  13. Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences

    E-print Network

    Hart, Gus

    Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Winter 2010 To qualify for the DeanWitt Physics-Astronomy Name Major Bryan Vaughn Duford Computer Science Timothy Mathias Eaton Actuarial Science Cory D Finlinson Applied Physics Jordan Grant Finnell Biochemistry Paul Arthur Fiske Computer Science

  14. College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Winter 2015

    E-print Network

    Hart, Gus

    College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Winter 2015 To qualify for the Dean's List, students Wesley Mark Ackerman Computer Science Mark Andrew Acosta Computer Science James Jed Adams Applied Physics David Brady Applied Physics Stephanie Morgan Brown Computer Science Dallin Christensen Busby

  15. Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences

    E-print Network

    Hart, Gus

    Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Spring 2010 To qualify for the Dean/term. Name Major Ross Call Andrus Actuarial Science Michael O Arnell Actuarial Science Jordan W Bell Physics Anthony Lemmon Computer Science Victoria Grace Mohun Mathematics David Jackson Perkins Physics Jason Erik

  16. Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences

    E-print Network

    Hart, Gus

    Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Winter 2011 To qualify for the Dean Phillip Baenziger Computer Science Alvaretta Grace Bair Mathematics Hugh Robert Bates Physics Education Caleb J Coburn Physics Joshua Barnes Condie Computer Science Bryce Thomas Cook Actuarial Science

  17. Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences

    E-print Network

    Hart, Gus

    Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Spring 2011 To qualify for the Dean Cook Actuarial Science Berg Daniel Dodson Physics Isaac Grant Ellsworth Computer Science Cameron True Computer Science David Jackson Perkins Physics Jennifer Lee Pickup Mathematics Education James Kenneth

  18. Physics is the fundamental science: the study of matter and

    E-print Network

    PHYSICS Physics is the fundamental science: the study of matter and energy and of their interactions. Physics is the basis for all science and for all applied science and engineering. Physicists study everything from elementary particles to galaxies, from semiconductors to chaos. Because physics

  19. College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Winter 2014

    E-print Network

    Hart, Gus

    College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Winter 2014 To qualify for the Dean's List, students Brendan Phillip Baenziger Computer Science Heather Nicole Banack Physics Kolten Lex Barfuss Physics Giselle Cano Computer Science Amber Ruth Chase Mathematics Adam Scott Christensen Applied Physics Peter

  20. Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences

    E-print Network

    Hart, Gus

    Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Summer 2013 To qualify for the Dean Banack Physics and Astronomy Paige Lynn Bartholomew Mathematics Jon Clayton Coleman Computer ScienceDenBerghe Computer Science David R Wagner Physics and Astronomy Jonathan Jacob Welling Physics and Astronomy Philip

  1. SANTA CRUZ: OFFICE OF THE DEAN PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

    E-print Network

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    SANTA CRUZ: OFFICE OF THE DEAN PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES September 01, 2015 TO: PHYSICAL The Physical and Biological Sciences Office of the Dean. The Goldwater committee will reject any application for Undergraduate Advising Carrie Haber, Assistant Dean, Physical and Biological Sciences Angelina Gutierrez, Baskin

  2. Ideas and Activities for Physical Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chiappetta, Eugene L., Ed.

    This manual is designed to supplement an existing physical science curriculum and to assist in providing the learning experiences required to implement an effective course. The first chapter outlines the purposes of this manual and provides a set of teaching tips. Topics such as electricity, wave motion, light, sound, periodic table and nuclear…

  3. Johns Hopkins University | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    Johns Hopkins University Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (JHU PS-OC) will explore the mechanical forces in cancer that bolster the tumor metastatic cascade. Metastatic disease is the cause for the preponderance of deaths related to cancer. In fact, relative survival significantly decreases for cancer patients who present with metastases at the time of their diagnosis.

  4. DISCUS Eighth Grade, Physical Sciences, Part 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duval County School Board, Jacksonville, FL. Project DISCUS.

    Included are instructional materials designed for use with disadvantaged students who have a limited reading ability and poor command of English. The guide is the second volume of a two volume, one year program in physical science, and contains these four units and activities: Buoyancy, nine activities; Solubility, six activities; Crystals and…

  5. Polish Academy of Sciences Institute of Physics

    E-print Network

    Kisiel, Zbigniew

    Polish Academy of Sciences Institute of Physics Ph. D. Dissertation Theory of magnetic properties based on atomic p-orbitals in perfect and defected solids Oksana Volnianska Supervisor Prof. Piotr...................................................................................3 1.1. Ferromagnetic bulk solids without transition metal atoms............................3 1

  6. Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council CONTRIBUTORS

    E-print Network

    Chandler-Wilde, Simon N.

    SYLLABUS Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council CONTRIBUTORS Day 1: Revision in acoustics. The course aims to revise and strengthen the mathematical framework that underlies research. This includes en-suite accom- modation and meals and refreshments during the week, plus a copy of the book

  7. Xiaolin Nan | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    Xiaolin Nan, is an assistant professor at Oregon Health and Science University. Until recently, he worked in Dr. Steven Chu’s lab doing imaging of single molecules. His background is physical chemistry and after that he trained as a biophysicist , concentrating on cancer biology.

  8. Reduction and Emergence in the Physical Sciences: Some Lessons from the Particle PhysicsCondensed Matter

    E-print Network

    Howard, Don

    Reduction and Emergence in the Physical Sciences: Some Lessons from the Particle Physics­Condensed Matter Physics Debate Don Howard Department of Philosophy and History and Philosophy of Science Graduate and emergence in the physical sciences, more specificallythe relationship between particle physics and condensed

  9. The Physical Sciences. Report of the National Science Board Submitted to the Congress.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Handler, Philip

    Recent advances in the physical sciences, including astronomy, chemical synthesis, chemical dynamics, solid-state sciences, atomic and nuclear science, and elementary particles and high-energy physics are summarized in this report to Congress. The nature of physical science, including its increasing unity, the relationship between science and…

  10. A call for interdisciplinary science: physics and mathematics in life sciences and medicine

    E-print Network

    Holcman, David

    A call for interdisciplinary science: physics and mathematics in life sciences and medicine D new information about how subcellular structures work as physical devices. The physical sciences progress should be expected from this integration of mathematical and physical sciences with biology. New

  11. A Science Strategy for Space Physics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1995-01-01

    This report by the Committee on Solar and Space Physics and the Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Research recommends the major directions for scientific research in space physics for the coming decade. As a field of science, space physics has passed through the stage of simply looking to see what is out beyond Earth's atmosphere. It has become a 'hard' science, focusing on understanding the fundamental interactions between charged particles, electromagnetic fields, and gases in the natural laboratory consisting of the galaxy, the Sun, the heliosphere, and planetary magnetospheres, ionospheres, and upper atmospheres. The motivation for space physics research goes far beyond basic physics and intellectual curiosity, however, because long-term variations in the brightness of the Sun virtually affect the habitability of the Earth, while sudden rearrangements of magnetic fields above the solar surface can have profound effects on the delicate balance of the forces that shape our environment in space and on the human technology that is sensitive to that balance. The several subfields of space physics share the following objectives: to understand the fundamental laws or processes of nature as they apply to space plasmas and rarefied gases both on the microscale and in the larger complex systems that constitute the domain of space physics; to understand the links between changes in the Sun and the resulting effects at the Earth, with the eventual goal of predicting the significant effects on the terrestrial environment; and to continue the exploration and description of the plasmas and rarefied gases in the solar system.

  12. Linking neuroscientific research on decision making to the educational context of novice students assigned to a multiple-choice scientific task involving common misconceptions about electrical circuits

    PubMed Central

    Potvin, Patrice; Turmel, Élaine; Masson, Steve

    2014-01-01

    Functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to identify the brain-based mechanisms of uncertainty and certainty associated with answers to multiple-choice questions involving common misconceptions about electric circuits. Twenty-two scientifically novice participants (humanities and arts college students) were asked, in an fMRI study, whether or not they thought the light bulbs in images presenting electric circuits were lighted up correctly, and if they were certain or uncertain of their answers. When participants reported that they were unsure of their responses, analyses revealed significant activations in brain areas typically involved in uncertainty (anterior cingulate cortex, anterior insula cortex, and superior/dorsomedial frontal cortex) and in the left middle/superior temporal lobe. Certainty was associated with large bilateral activations in the occipital and parietal regions usually involved in visuospatial processing. Correct-and-certain answers were associated with activations that suggest a stronger mobilization of visual attention resources when compared to incorrect-and-certain answers. These findings provide insights into brain-based mechanisms of uncertainty that are activated when common misconceptions, identified as such by science education research literature, interfere in decision making in a school-like task. We also discuss the implications of these results from an educational perspective. PMID:24478680

  13. National Science Foundation Robert Noyce Program UCSB CalTeach Physical Sciences and Engineering

    E-print Network

    Reich, Norbert O.

    National Science Foundation Robert Noyce Program UCSB CalTeach Physical Sciences and Engineering undergraduates pursuing an undergraduate degree in chemistry, physics, or engineering (including computer science Program (TEP) Office, Education Building, Room 3230 Summary of Scholarship Program: The Robert

  14. Plasma Physics, Fusion Science, and California High School Science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Correll, Donald

    2004-11-01

    In order to further engage California HIgh School science teachers in plasma physics and fusion science, a collaboration was formed between LLNL's Fusion Energy Program and the University of California's Edward Teller Education Center (etec.ucdavis.edu). California's Science Content Standards for high school physics (www.cde.ca.gov/be/st/ss/scphysics.asp) were used to create a public lecture (education.llnl.gov/sos/) that covered "students are expected to achieve" physics topics relevant to astrophysical and fusion plasma research. In addition to the lecture, a two day workshop for the Edward Teller Education Symposium, September 24 - 25, 2004 (education.llnl.gov/symposium2004) was designed around plasma spectroscopy (education.llnl.gov/symposium2004/agenda_astro.html). Plasma spectroscopy was chosen as the "anchor" to the workshop given the breadth and depth of the field to both astrophysical and fusion plasma research. Workshop participation includes lectures, tours, spectroscopic measurements, and building a 'spectroscope' for use in the teachers' respective high school classrooms. Accomplishments will be reported and future plans will be presented that include development of a one to two week expanded workshop that includes plasma research methods and advanced science skills essential to guiding students to conduct research projects.

  15. College of Health Sciences Department of Physical Therapy

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    College of Health Sciences Department of Physical Therapy 3 Solomont Way, Suite 5 Lowell://www.uml.edu/health-sciences/PT Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) Curriculum Class of 2018 onward Year 1: Summer Session 34.601 Clinical

  16. School of Chemistry FACULTY OF MATHEMATICS AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES

    E-print Network

    Rzepa, Henry S.

    School of Chemistry FACULTY OF MATHEMATICS AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES CHEMISTRYPOSTGRADUATE MASTERS sections, Colour Science, Inorganic & Materials Chemistry, Organic Chemistry and Physical Chemistry, each to apply 12 Why Leeds 14 Studying in Leeds 16 International Students 18 Scholarships, Fees

  17. 77 FR 17102 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences Correction The National Science Foundation...: Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences Advisory Committee (66). Date/Time: April 5, 2012, 9...

  18. Larry A. Nagahara, Ph.D. | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    Dr. Nagahara is Director of the Office of Physical Sciences-Oncology in the Center for Strategic Scientific Initiatives (CSSI), National Cancer Institute (NCI), where he coordinates and directs program and research activities related to expanding the role of the physical sciences in cancer research, including the Physical Sciences-Oncology Centers (PS-OC) Program.

  19. DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL THERAPY AND HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCES

    E-print Network

    Chen, Wei

    DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL THERAPY AND HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCES NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Feinberg School by the Department of Physical Therapy and Human Movement Sciences Northwestern University, Feinberg School of the Department of Physical Therapy and Human Movement Sciences of Northwestern University's Feinberg School

  20. Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences

    E-print Network

    Hart, Gus

    Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Fall 2009 To qualify for the Dean's List Condie Computer Science Lynnae Jeannette Mariko Conger Mathematics Jane Cutler Physics Carter Davis Biochemistry Shannon Louise Huey Chemistry Sampo Kaleva Hynynen Physics Hyoung Jin Jang Computer Science #12

  1. Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences

    E-print Network

    Hart, Gus

    Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Fall 2011 To qualify for the Dean's List Matthew Thomas Bean Statistics Kevin P Black Computer Science Jared Blanchard Physics-Astronomy Hannah Dillon Ray Bryan Physics-Astronomy Christopher James Burnham Computer Science Nickolas Brenten Callor

  2. Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences

    E-print Network

    Hart, Gus

    Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Summer 2010 To qualify for the Dean/term. Name Major Brody Richard Bassett Biochemistry Jordan W Bell Physics Bibek Bhusal Computer Science Statistics Joshua Barnes Condie Computer Science Jeffrey Michael Curtis Chemistry Jane Cutler Physics Dorothy

  3. Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences

    E-print Network

    Hart, Gus

    Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Spring 2012 To qualify for the Dean Stephen Dale Erickson Physics Fernando S Garcia Computer Science Jamie Lynn Gee Mathematics Andrew Jeffrey Mathematics Tiffany Alyssa Lloyd Geology #12;Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Spring

  4. Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences

    E-print Network

    Hart, Gus

    Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Spring 2013 To qualify for the Dean Benjamin Alexander deLeon Computer Science Lingrui Duan Statistics Stephen Dale Erickson Physics Christian Hales Physics and Astronomy Lily-Anne Hamill Computer Science Chelsea Heiner Statistics Darcie

  5. College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Summer 2012

    E-print Network

    Hart, Gus

    College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Summer 2012 To qualify for the Dean's List, students Elora Nicole Salway Physics-Astronomy Colby Nicholas Bates Computer Science Ryan Stanford Baxter Computer Science Nicole Calais England Biochemistry Stephen Dale Erickson Physics Matthew Thomas Gochis

  6. Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences

    E-print Network

    Hart, Gus

    Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Summer 2014 To qualify for the Dean Forrest Wolfgang Glines Physics and Astronomy Michael Max Goodman Geological Sciences Brynne May Makana Onala Hansen Mathematics Spencer Hart Physics and Astronomy Daniel Riley Hepworth Computer Science

  7. Test of Understanding of Vectors: A Reliable Multiple-Choice Vector Concept Test

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barniol, Pablo; Zavala, Genaro

    2014-01-01

    In this article we discuss the findings of our research on students' understanding of vector concepts in problems without physical context. First, we develop a complete taxonomy of the most frequent errors made by university students when learning vector concepts. This study is based on the results of several test administrations of…

  8. Developing the Learning Physical Science Curriculum: Adapting a Small Enrollment, Laboratory and Discussion Based Physical Science Course for Large Enrollments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldberg, Fred; Price, Edward; Robinson, Stephen; Boyd-Harlow, Danielle; McKean, Michael

    2012-01-01

    We report on the adaptation of the small enrollment, lab and discussion based physical science course, "Physical Science and Everyday Thinking" (PSET), for a large-enrollment, lecture-style setting. Like PSET, the new "Learning Physical Science" (LEPS) curriculum was designed around specific principles based on research on learning to meet the…

  9. Using Environmental Science as a Motivational Tool to Teach Physics to Non-Science Majors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Busch, Hauke C.

    2010-01-01

    A traditional physical science course was transformed into an environmental physical science course to teach physics to non-science majors. The objective of the new course was to improve the learning of basic physics principles by applying them to current issues of interest. A new curriculum was developed with new labs, homework assignments,…

  10. List of Examiners for MVMod MASTER of Science in Physics

    E-print Network

    Heermann, Dieter W.

    List of Examiners for MVMod MASTER of Science in Physics Astronomy and Astrophysics: Bartelmann, Quirrenbach, Rix, Schaefer, Springel, Spurzem, Wagner, Wambsganß Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics: Blaum, Schlichting, Schwarz, Spatz, Tanaka Condensed Matter Physics: Enss, Klingeler, Kowalsky, Pucci, Winnacker

  11. Integrating social and physical sciences in water management

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lund, Jay R.

    2015-08-01

    Water management has always required more than physical science. This paper reviews the accomplishments of integrating social with physical sciences for water management in the last 50 years. Particular successes are highlighted to illustrate how fundamentals from both physical science and social science have been brought together to improve the performance of water management systems. Some forward-looking lessons for managing practical and academic interdisciplinary research for water management are also provided.

  12. Physical Sciences Research Priorities and Plans in OBPR

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Trinh, Eugene

    2002-01-01

    This paper presents viewgraphs of physical sciences research priorities and plans at the Office of Biological and Physical Sciences Research (OBPR). The topics include: 1) Sixth Microgravity Fluid Physics and Transport Phenomena Conference; 2) Beneficial Characteristics of the Space Environment; 3) Windows of Opportunity for Research Derived from Microgravity; 4) Physical Sciences Research Program; 5) Fundamental Research: Space-based Results and Ground-based Applications; 6) Nonlinear Oscillations; and 7) Fundamental Research: Applications to Mission-Oriented Research.

  13. Rockets: Physical science teacher's guide with activities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vogt, Gregory L.; Rosenberg, Carla R.

    1993-07-01

    This guide begins with background information sections on the history of rocketry, scientific principles, and practical rocketry. The sections on scientific principles and practical rocketry are based on Isaac Newton's three laws of motion. These laws explain why rockets work and how to make them more efficient. The background sections are followed with a series of physical science activities that demonstrate the basic science of rocketry. Each activity is designed to be simple and take advantage of inexpensive materials. Construction diagrams, materials and tools lists, and instructions are included. A brief discussion elaborates on the concepts covered in the activities and is followed with teaching notes and discussion questions. The guide concludes with a glossary of terms, suggested reading list, NASA educational resources, and an evaluation questionnaire with a mailer.

  14. Rockets: Physical science teacher's guide with activities

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vogt, Gregory L.; Rosenberg, Carla R. (editor)

    1993-01-01

    This guide begins with background information sections on the history of rocketry, scientific principles, and practical rocketry. The sections on scientific principles and practical rocketry are based on Isaac Newton's three laws of motion. These laws explain why rockets work and how to make them more efficient. The background sections are followed with a series of physical science activities that demonstrate the basic science of rocketry. Each activity is designed to be simple and take advantage of inexpensive materials. Construction diagrams, materials and tools lists, and instructions are included. A brief discussion elaborates on the concepts covered in the activities and is followed with teaching notes and discussion questions. The guide concludes with a glossary of terms, suggested reading list, NASA educational resources, and an evaluation questionnaire with a mailer.

  15. Earth science contexts for teaching physics. Part 1: Why teach physics in an Earth science context?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    King, Chris; Kennett, Peter

    2002-11-01

    Physics teaching can be made more relevant to 11-16 year-old students by setting the physics content in Earth contexts that pupils can relate to and understand. Thus the physics curriculum commonly taught to 11-16 year-olds has been analysed for appropriate Earth contexts. Some 25 contexts have been identified and each is briefly described in the following two articles. Enough detail is provided to enable physics teachers to use them in their teaching and, where practical demonstrations are available, details of these are also given. Moves towards scientific literacy in science curricula across the world will require science teaching to be set in relevant contexts in the future, and the Earth provides ideal contexts for this purpose.

  16. Does Physics Teaching Affect Gender-based Science Anxiety?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Udo, M. K.; Ramsey, G. P.; Reynolds-Alpert, S.; Mallow, J. V.

    2001-01-01

    Presents the results of a study designed to measure the level of science anxiety in students enrolled in physics courses at Loyola University in Chicago. The leading factors contributing to science anxiety include nonscience anxiety and gender. Concludes that the teaching of an introductory physics course can reduce acute levels of science

  17. Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences

    E-print Network

    Hart, Gus

    Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Spring 2014 To qualify for the Dean/term. Name Major Merrill Asp Physics and Astronomy Bryn Balls Barker Mathematics David Beesley Computer Science Matthew Bray Computer Science Emily Brown Chemistry and Biochemistry Matthew Brown Mathematics

  18. College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Winter 2013

    E-print Network

    Hart, Gus

    Computer Science Carter Kent Davis Mathematics Jacob Kevin Dick Computer Science Samuel John Dittmer Mathematics Adam Dee Dodson Physics Kaylea Renea Drake Statistics Paul Darren Draper Computer Science Jonathan Mathematics Daniel Timothy Metro Mathematics Kyle Glen Miller Physics Tyler John Morwood Mathematics Aaron

  19. Minimum Learning Essentials: Science. Chemistry, Earth Science, Biology, Physics, General Science. Experimental Edition 0/4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.

    This guide presents the "minimum teaching essentials" published by the New York City Board of Education, for science education in grades 9-12. Covered are: biology, physics, earth science, and chemistry. Work study skills for all subjects are given with content areas, performance objectives, and suggested classroom activities. (APM)

  20. Scope and Sequence. Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, Earth and Space Sciences. A Summer Curriculum Development Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cortland-Madison Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Cortland, NY.

    Presented is a booklet containing scope and sequence charts for kindergarten and grades 1 to 6 science units. Overviews and lists of major concepts for units in the life, physical, and earth/space sciences are provided in tables for each grade level. Also presented are seven complete units, one for each grade level. Following a table of contents,…

  1. The assessment of critical thinking skills in anatomy and physiology students who practice writing higher order multiple choice questions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shaw, Jason

    Critical thinking is a complex abstraction that defies homogeneous interpretation. This means that no operational definition is universal and no critical thinking measurement tool is all encompassing. Instructors will likely find evidence based strategies to facilitate thinking skills only as numerous research efforts from multiple disciplines accumulate. This study focuses on a question writing exercise designed to help anatomy and physiology students. Students were asked to design multiple choice questions that combined course concepts in new and novel ways. Instructions and examples were provided on how to construct these questions and student attempts were sorted into levels one through three of Bloom's Cognitive Taxonomy (Bloom et al. 1956). Students submitted their question designs weekly and received individual feedback as to how they might improve. Eight course examinations were created to contain questions that modeled the Bloom's Cognitive Taxonomy levels that students were attempting. Students were assessed on their course examination performance as well as performance on a discipline independent critical thinking test called the California Critical Thinking Skills Test (CCTST). The performance of students in this study was compared to students from two previous years that took the same course but did not have the question writing activity. Results suggest that students do not improve their ability to answer critical thinking multiple choices questions when they practice the task of creating such problems. The effect of class level on critical thinking is examined and it appears that the longer a student has attended college the better the performance on both discipline specific and discipline independent critical thinking questions. The data were also used to analyze students who improved their course examination grades in the second semester of this course. There is a pattern to suggest that students who improve their performance on course examinations did so largely in non-critical thinking problems. Although, when this subset of students is analyzed by class level it appears that sophomores reverse the pattern and improve much more in critical thinking type questions than their upper classmen. The implications of this are discussed.

  2. Prospective Outlook of Mechanics in Oncology | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    The National Cancer Institute (NCI) Physical Sciences in Oncology Initiative within the Division of Cancer Biology (DCB) aims to enrich our current understanding of cancer by facilitating the formation of teams of physical scientists and cancer researchers who work together to bring a novel “physical sciences perspective” to cancer biology.

  3. Bachelor of Science, Physics, 2014-2015 Name ID# Date

    E-print Network

    Barrash, Warren

    Bachelor of Science, Physics, 2014-2015 Name ID# Date General Degree Requirements Residency: Total 170 Calculus I 4 DLN PHYS 211, 211L Physics I with Calculus & Lab 5 DLN PHYS 212, 212L Physics II with Calculus & Lab 5 DLV Visual and Performing Arts 3 DLL Literature and Humanities 3-4 DLS Social Sciences

  4. Bachelor of Science, Physics, 2013-2014 Name ID# Date

    E-print Network

    Barrash, Warren

    Bachelor of Science, Physics, 2013-2014 Name ID# Date General Degree Requirements Residency: Total 170 Calculus I 4 DLN PHYS 211, 211L Physics I with Calculus & Lab 5 DLN PHYS 212, 212L Physics II with Calculus & Lab 5 DLV Visual and Performing Arts 3 DLL Literature and Humanities 3-4 DLS Social Sciences

  5. Bachelor of Science, Physics, 2012-2013 Name ID# Date

    E-print Network

    Barrash, Warren

    Bachelor of Science, Physics, 2012-2013 Name ID# Date General Degree Requirements Residency: Total 170 Calculus I 4 DLN PHYS 211, 211L Physics I with Calculus & Lab 5 DLN PHYS 212, 212L Physics II with Calculus & Lab 5 DLV Visual and Performing Arts 3 DLL Literature and Humanities 3-4 DLS Social Sciences

  6. College of Health Sciences Department of Physical Therapy

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    College of Health Sciences Department of Physical Therapy 3 Solomont Way, Suite 5 Lowell, Massachusetts 01854-5124 tel.: 978.934.4517 fax : 978.934.3006 web site: http://www.uml.edu/health-sciences/PT/ Doctor of Physical Therapy Program Program Mission The mission of the Department of Physical Therapy

  7. Accelerators | Photon Science | Particle Physics Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron

    E-print Network

    Accelerators | Photon Science | Particle Physics Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron A Research CentreD-Students (f/m) DESY DESY is one of the world's leading research centres for photon science, particle and astroparticle physics as well as accelerator physics. The Photo Injector Test Facility PITZ in Zeuthen (near

  8. Development and Application of a Two-Tier Multiple Choice Diagnostic Instrument To Assess High School Students' Understanding of Inorganic Chemistry Qualitative Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tan, Kim Chwee Daniel; Goh, Ngoh Khang; Chia, Lian Sai; Treagust, David F.

    2002-01-01

    Describes the development and application of a two-tier multiple choice diagnostic instrument to assess high school students' understanding of inorganic chemistry qualitative analysis. Shows that the Grade 10 students had difficulty understanding the reactions involved in the identification of cations and anions, for example, double decomposition…

  9. Solutions to Review Multiple Choice No hamsters were harmed in any way as a result of Math 317. Please don't tell the dean

    E-print Network

    Stange, Katherine E.

    Solutions to Review Multiple Choice No hamsters were harmed in any way as a result of Math 317. Please don't tell the dean about the hamsters. Question 1 - Answer B You can find pictures of such things theorem states that the total outward flux through the hamster cage must be equal to the divergence within

  10. Effects of Writing-Related Contingencies on Both Quality of Writing and Multiple-Choice Exam Performance in Large College Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krohn, Katherine R.; Parker, Megan R.; Foster, Lisa N.; Aspiranti, Kathleen B.; McCleary, Daniel F.; Williams, Robert L.

    2008-01-01

    Students (N = 158) in three sections of an undergraduate educational psychology course equivalent in content and assessment procedures completed five-min writing quizzes over assigned subject matter at the beginning of most class sessions. The study compared the effects of three separate writing contingencies on writing scores and multiple-choice

  11. CE399 Diagnostic Test The following multiple-choice questions are indicative of the scope and difficulty of the problems that

    E-print Network

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Diagnostic Test Summer 2013 2 Diagnostic Criteria/Evaluation To be prepared for the upper-division Civil/Environmental) required to solve the problem. #12;CE399 Diagnostic Test Summer 2013 3 Mathematics Math-001 Question WhatCE399 Diagnostic Test General The following multiple-choice questions are indicative of the scope

  12. How Are the Form and Magnitude of DIF Effects in Multiple-Choice Items Determined by Distractor-Level Invariance Effects?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penfield, Randall D.

    2011-01-01

    This article explores how the magnitude and form of differential item functioning (DIF) effects in multiple-choice items are determined by the underlying differential distractor functioning (DDF) effects, as modeled under the nominal response model. The results of a numerical investigation indicated that (a) the presence of one or more nonzero DDF…

  13. Multiple choice Practice Set 4 Q1. A new cure has been developed for a certain type of cement that should change the mean compressive strength.

    E-print Network

    Kulik, Rafal

    .07, 5054.93]. Q2. A new cure has been developed for a certain type of cement that should change the mean3. A new cure has been developed for a certain type of cement that should change the meanMultiple choice Practice Set 4 Solutions Q1. A new cure has been developed for a certain type

  14. The Empirical Power and Type I Error Rates of the GBT and [omega] Indices in Detecting Answer Copying on Multiple-Choice Tests

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zopluoglu, Cengiz; Davenport, Ernest C., Jr.

    2012-01-01

    The generalized binomial test (GBT) and [omega] indices are the most recent methods suggested in the literature to detect answer copying behavior on multiple-choice tests. The [omega] index is one of the most studied indices, but there has not yet been a systematic simulation study for the GBT index. In addition, the effect of the ability levels…

  15. Measuring the Consistency in Change in Hepatitis B Knowledge among Three Different Types of Tests: True/False, Multiple Choice, and Fill in the Blanks Tests.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sahai, Vic; Demeyere, Petra; Poirier, Sheila; Piro, Felice

    1998-01-01

    The recall of information about Hepatitis B demonstrated by 180 seventh graders was tested with three test types: (1) short-answer; (2) true/false; and (3) multiple-choice. Short answer testing was the most reliable. Suggestions are made for the use of short-answer tests in evaluating student knowledge. (SLD)

  16. Incorporating Multiple-Choice Questions into an AACSB Assurance of Learning Process: A Course-Embedded Assessment Application to an Introductory Finance Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santos, Michael R.; Hu, Aidong; Jordan, Douglas

    2014-01-01

    The authors offer a classification technique to make a quantitative skills rubric more operational, with the groupings of multiple-choice questions to match the student learning levels in knowledge, calculation, quantitative reasoning, and analysis. The authors applied this classification technique to the mid-term exams of an introductory finance…

  17. A Stratified Study of Students' Understanding of Basic Optics Concepts in Different Contexts Using Two-Tier Multiple-Choice Items

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chu, Hye-Eun; Treagust, David F.; Chandrasegaran, A. L.

    2009-01-01

    A large scale study involving 1786 year 7-10 Korean students from three school districts in Seoul was undertaken to evaluate their understanding of basic optics concepts using a two-tier multiple-choice diagnostic instrument consisting of four pairs of items, each of which evaluated the same concept in two different contexts. The instrument, which…

  18. A Clarification of the Effects of Rapid Guessing on Coefficient [Alpha]: A Note on Attali's "Reliability of Speeded Number-Right Multiple-Choice Tests"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wise, Steven L.; DeMars, Christine E.

    2009-01-01

    Attali (2005) recently demonstrated that Cronbach's coefficient [alpha] estimate of reliability for number-right multiple-choice tests will tend to be deflated by speededness, rather than inflated as is commonly believed and taught. Although the methods, findings, and conclusions of Attali (2005) are correct, his article may inadvertently invite a…

  19. Beyond the Bubble, Grades 2-3: How to Use Multiple-Choice Tests to Improve Math Instruction, Grades 2-3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wickett, Maryann; Hendrix-Martin, Eunice

    2011-01-01

    Multiple-choice testing is an educational reality. Rather than complain about the negative impact these tests may have on teaching and learning, why not use them to better understand your students' true mathematical knowledge and comprehension? Maryann Wickett and Eunice Hendrix-Martin show teachers how to move beyond the student's answer--right…

  20. Using a Theorem by Andersen and the Dichotomous Rasch Model to Assess the Presence of Random Guessing in Multiple Choice Items

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andrich, David; Marais, Ida; Humphry, Stephen

    2012-01-01

    Andersen (1995, 2002) proves a theorem relating variances of parameter estimates from samples and subsamples and shows its use as an adjunct to standard statistical analyses. The authors show an application where the theorem is central to the hypothesis tested, namely, whether random guessing to multiple choice items affects their estimates in the…

  1. Sometimes Adults Miss the Main Ideas and Do Not Realize It: Confidence in Responses to Short-Answer and Multiple-Choice Comprehension Questions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pressley, Michael; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Examines the relation between question characteristics and awareness of comprehension. Finds that readers have great confidence that their answers to thematic questions in both short-answer and multiple-choice formats are correct, even when they were wrong. Suggests that readers of challenging, inconsiderate texts are unaware of gross…

  2. College of Science Physics -BS 120 Credits for graduation Credits

    E-print Network

    Kihara, Daisuke

    ) Science/Engineering 300 level (could be met by CoS Great Issues requirement) Other Departmental /Program) Great Issues LINK (satisfies one of the Science/Engineering requirements for Physics Selective) (3 Communication Information Literacy Oral Communication Science Selective Quantitative Reasoning Science

  3. faculty of engineering and physical sciences School of Physics and Astronomy

    E-print Network

    faculty of engineering and physical sciences School of Physics and Astronomy Postgraduate Project....................................................................................................................................................2 Astronomy and Astrophysics available in the School of Physics & Astronomy from September 2015. The list of projects is by no means

  4. faculty of engineering and physical sciences School of Physics and Astronomy

    E-print Network

    faculty of engineering and physical sciences School of Physics and Astronomy Postgraduate Project....................................................................................................................................................2 Astronomy and Astrophysics available in the School of Physics & Astronomy from September 2013. The list of projects is by no means

  5. Accelerators | Photon Science | Particle Physics Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron

    E-print Network

    life science to the study of fundamental physical processes in various areas. DESY offers several of prolongation by one additional year. Do not hesitate to contact us at DESY Photon Science to get additional

  6. An Online National Archive of Multiple-Choice Questions for Astro 101 and the Development of the Question Complexity Rubric

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cormier, S.; Prather, E.; Brissenden, G.

    2011-09-01

    We are developing a national archive of multiple-choice questions for use in the Astronomy 101 classroom. These questions are intended to supplement an instructor's implementation of Think-Pair-Share or for their assessment purposes (i.e., exams and homework). We are also developing the Question Complexity Rubric (QCR) to guide members of the Astro 101 teaching and learning community in assisting us with hierarchically ranking questions in this archive based on their conceptual complexity. Using the QCR, a score is assigned to differentiate each question based on the cognitive steps necessary to comprehensively explain the reasoning pathway to the correct answer. The lowest QCR score is given to questions with a reasoning pathway requiring only declarative knowledge. The highest QCR score is given to questions with a reasoning pathway that requires multiple connected cognitive steps. When completed, the online question archive will provide users with the utility to 1) use the QCR to score questions 2) search for and download questions based on topic and/or QCR score, and 3) add their own questions to the archive. Stop by our poster to test your skills at determining question complexity by trying out the QCR with our sample questions.

  7. Seizure metaphors in children with epilepsy: A study based on a multiple-choice self-report questionnaire.

    PubMed

    D'Angelosante, Valentina; Tommasi, Marco; Casadio, Claudia; Verrotti, Alberto

    2015-05-01

    The advantages of metaphorical representation are pointed out in many fields of clinical research (e.g. cancer, HIV, psychogenic nonepileptic seizures). This study aimed at offering a novel contribution showing how children with epilepsy describe the symptomatology of their seizure experiences by means of particular kinds of cognitive metaphors. Twenty-three children with idiopathic generalized epilepsy and thirty-one healthy children were recruited for this study and interviewed with a multiple-choice questionnaire asking them to describe their epileptic seizures by means of suitable metaphors. A psychologist blinded to medical diagnosis assessed and categorized all metaphors. By considering the 89 metaphors produced by the children with epilepsy and the 147 ones by the healthy controls, Agent/Force was the primary metaphor assessed by children with epilepsy, followed by Event/Situation as the second preference. Moreover, comparing the results of the control group with those of the subjects with epilepsy, it was found that controls were oriented towards selecting exogenous forces, while subjects with epilepsy tended to select endogenous forces. In particular, children with epilepsy showed a peculiar preference for an endogenous force resembling the waggle metaphor, which is similar to the effect of a quake's shaking (earthquake or seaquake). The metaphors identified by this research are a useful resource to better understand the seizure experiences of patients with epilepsy, helping to improve clinical treatment. PMID:25934584

  8. 75 FR 62891 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-13

    ...for Mathematical and Physical Sciences Advisory Committee...for Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Room 1005...concerning NSF science and education activities within the...for Mathematical and Physical Sciences. Agenda:...

  9. 75 FR 10328 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-05

    ...for Mathematical and Physical Sciences ( 66) Date...for Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Room 1005...concerning NSF science and education activities within the...for Mathematical and Physical Sciences. Agenda:...

  10. 76 FR 64123 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-17

    ...for Mathematical and Physical Sciences Advisory Committee...for Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Room 1005...concerning NSF science and education activities within the...for Mathematical and Physical Sciences. Agenda:...

  11. 77 FR 16076 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-19

    ...for Mathematical and Physical Sciences Advisory Committee...for Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Room 1005...concerning NSF science and education activities within the...for Mathematical and Physical Sciences. Agenda...

  12. Gender and physics: feminist philosophy and science education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rolin, Kristina

    2008-11-01

    Physics education reform movements should pay attention to feminist analyses of gender in the culture of physics for two reasons. One reason is that feminist analyses contribute to an understanding of a ‘chilly climate’ women encounter in many physics university departments. Another reason is that feminist analyses reveal that certain styles of doing science are predominant in the culture of physics. I introduce recent philosophical work in social epistemology to argue that the predominance of certain styles of doing science is not good for science. Scientific communities would benefit from greater diversity in styles of doing science.

  13. Science Library of Test Items. Volume Eighteen. A Collection of Multiple Choice Test Items Relating Mainly to Chemistry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New South Wales Dept. of Education, Sydney (Australia).

    As one in a series of test item collections developed by the Assessment and Evaluation Unit of the Directorate of Studies, items are made available to teachers for the construction of unit tests or term examinations or as a basis for class discussion. Each collection was reviewed for content validity and reliability. The test items meet syllabus…

  14. Science Library of Test Items. Volume Nineteen. A Collection of Multiple Choice Test Items Relating Mainly to Geology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New South Wales Dept. of Education, Sydney (Australia).

    As one in a series of test item collections developed by the Assessment and Evaluation Unit of the Directorate of Studies, items are made available to teachers for the construction of unit tests or term examinations or as a basis for class discussion. Each collection was reviewed for content validity and reliability. The test items meet syllabus…

  15. 75 FR 29369 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-25

    ..., Senior Science Associate, Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Room 1005, National Science... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting In accordance with...

  16. 76 FR 14996 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-18

    ... Science Associate, Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Room 1005, National Science... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting In accordance with...

  17. 77 FR 42768 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-20

    ..., Senior Science Associate, Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Room 1005, National Science... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting In accordance with...

  18. 75 FR 10328 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-05

    ..., Senior Science Associate, Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Room 1005, National Science... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office ] NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting In accordance with...

  19. Katrina I. Theisz, M.S. | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    Katrina joined the Office of Physical Sciences-Oncology in October 2011. Ms. Theisz's responsibilities and interests span a wide range of specialties including travel coordination for large events, workshop logistics, program evaluation, the science of team science, and social media. Ms. Theisz received her masters of science in mental health counseling from Pace University, and her bachelors of science in psychology at York College of Pennsylvania.

  20. Science Education Research vs. Physics Education Research: A Structural Comparison

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akarsu, Bayram

    2010-01-01

    The main goal of this article is to introduce physics education research (PER) to researchers in other fields. Topics include discussion of differences between science education research (SER) and physics education research (PER), physics educators, research design and methodology in physics education research and current research traditions and…

  1. PHYSICS EDUCATION College of Science Physics Teaching-BS

    E-print Network

    Kihara, Daisuke

    ) Science/Engineering 300 level (could be met by CoS Great Issues requirement) Other Departmental /Program Behavioral/Social Science for core- can be met by EDPS 23500) (3) Great Issues LINK (satisfies one/Social Science Written Communication Information Literacy Oral Communication Science Selective Quantitative

  2. faculty of engineering and physical sciences School of Physics and Astronomy

    E-print Network

    faculty of engineering and physical sciences School of Physics and Astronomy Visit/Interview Day into the School of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Manchester. The School receives approximately 1200 of Physics at Astronomy at the University of Manchester. #12;welcome Welcome to the School of Physics

  3. (09)UC/05 BSc(Hons) Medical Physics/11 Bachelor of Science (Honours) Medical Physics

    E-print Network

    Hickman, Mark

    (09)UC/05 ­ BSc(Hons) Medical Physics/11 Bachelor of Science (Honours) Medical Physics 2005 Calendar, pages 348 and 681 (09)UC/05 ­ BSc(Hons) Medical Physics/1 Section A 1. Purpose of proposal To provide a better pathway for PhD students in Medical Physics, a BSc(Hons) degree in Medical Physics

  4. PhysicsAdmissionsUoM @PHASAdmissUoM faculty of engineering and physical sciences

    E-print Network

    PhysicsAdmissionsUoM @PHASAdmissUoM faculty of engineering and physical sciences School of Physics and Astronomy Visit/Interview Day Guide 2015/2016 #12;PhysicsAdmissionsUoM @PHASAdmissUoM congratulations Congratulations on being selected for an interview for entry into the School of Physics and Astronomy

  5. Graphene: from materials science to particle physics

    E-print Network

    Joaquín E. Drut; Timo A. Lähde; Eero Tölö

    2010-11-02

    Since its discovery in 2004, graphene, a two-dimensional hexagonal carbon allotrope, has generated great interest and spurred research activity from materials science to particle physics and vice versa. In particular, graphene has been found to exhibit outstanding electronic and mechanical properties, as well as an unusual low-energy spectrum of Dirac quasiparticles giving rise to a fractional quantum Hall effect when freely suspended and immersed in a magnetic field. One of the most intriguing puzzles of graphene involves the low-temperature conductivity at zero density, a central issue in the design of graphene-based nanoelectronic components. While suspended graphene experiments have shown a trend reminiscent of semiconductors, with rising resistivity at low temperatures, most theories predict a constant or even decreasing resistivity. However, lattice field theory calculations have revealed that suspended graphene is at or near the critical coupling for excitonic gap formation due to strong Coulomb interactions, which suggests a simple and straightforward explanation for the experimental data. In this contribution we review the current status of the field with emphasis on the issue of gap formation, and outline recent progress and future points of contact between condensed matter physics and Lattice QCD.

  6. Rasch scaling procedures for informing development of a valid Fetal Surveillance Education Program multiple-choice assessment

    PubMed Central

    Zoanetti, Nathan; Griffin, Patrick; Beaves, Mark; Wallace, Euan M

    2009-01-01

    Background It is widely recognised that deficiencies in fetal surveillance practice continue to contribute significantly to the burden of adverse outcomes. This has prompted the development of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines by the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists and an associated Fetal Surveillance Education Program to deliver the associated learning. This article describes initial steps in the validation of a corresponding multiple-choice assessment of the relevant educational outcomes through a combination of item response modelling and expert judgement. Methods The Rasch item response model was employed for item and test analysis and to empirically derive the substantive interpretation of the assessment variable. This interpretation was then compared to the hierarchy of competencies specified a priori by a team of eight subject-matter experts. Classical Test Theory analyses were also conducted. Results A high level of agreement between the hypothesised and derived variable provided evidence of construct validity. Item and test indices from Rasch analysis and Classical Test Theory analysis suggested that the current test form was of moderate quality. However, the analyses made clear the required steps for establishing a valid assessment of sufficient psychometric quality. These steps included: increasing the number of items from 40 to 50 in the first instance, reviewing ineffective items, targeting new items to specific content and difficulty gaps, and formalising the assessment blueprint in light of empirical information relating item structure to item difficulty. Conclusion The application of the Rasch model for criterion-referenced assessment validation with an expert stakeholder group is herein described. Recommendations for subsequent item and test construction are also outlined in this article. PMID:19402898

  7. Master of Science in Earth, Environmental, and Physical Sciences Planet Earth consists of interacting systems -the

    E-print Network

    Master of Science in Earth, Environmental, and Physical Sciences Planet Earth consists activities. The Masters program in Earth, Environmental, and Physical Sciences (EEPS) at Wichita State foundation of life on Earth and human societies. These systems are changing rapidly due to diverse human

  8. Physics. Student Investigations and Readings. Investigations in Natural Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Renner, John W.; And Others

    Investigations in Natural Science is a program in secondary school biology, chemistry, and physics based upon the description of science as a quest for knowledge, not the knowledge itself. This student manual contains the 36 physics investigations which focus on concepts related to: movement; vectors; falling objects; force and acceleration; a…

  9. Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Department of Physics

    E-print Network

    Crowther, Paul

    Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Department of Physics Imperial College London living in your constituency, and a physics teacher and researcher, at Imperial College London to bring to your attention the looming crisis facing the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC

  10. Accelerators | Photon Science | Particle Physics Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron

    E-print Network

    Accelerators | Photon Science | Particle Physics Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron A Research Centre of the Helmholtz Association THEORETICAL ASTRO- PARTICLE PHYSICS· DESY, Zeuthen location, is seeking: Two Postdoctoral Researchers (f/m) DESY DESY is one of the world's leading research centres for photon science

  11. Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences

    E-print Network

    Hart, Gus

    Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Summer 2011 To qualify for the Dean Aaron Michael Carlson Chemistry Molly Anne Clemens Biochemistry Bryce Thomas Cook Actuarial Science Berg Daniel Dodson Physics Devin Brent Gerrard Mathematics Melissa Jane Giroux Mathematics Schuyler Nicholas

  12. Powerful Ideas in Physical Science: A Course Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ukens, Leon; Hein, Warren W.; Johnson, Patsy Ann; Layman, John W.

    2004-01-01

    Powerful Ideas in Physical Science (PIPS) is a preservice curriculum that provides modules for physical science courses designed for elementary education majors. Because the courses are built on the learning cycle approach, students develop concepts from activities and then apply this conceptual knowledge. A summative evaluation done by Horizon…

  13. Physical Science. A Handbook for Spanish Speaking Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindauer, Lawrence; And Others

    This bilingual physical sciences handbook is one of a series developed to help high school students who are literate in Spanish, but not in English, to meet graduate requirements. The first half of the document gives, in Spanish, major physical science concepts and a glossary of important and commonly used terms. The second half gives an English…

  14. Physical Science. A Handbook for Vietnamese Speaking Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindauer, Lawrence; And Others

    The physical sciences are the subject of this bilingual glossary, one in a series developed to help Vietnamese-American high school students who are literate in their native language, but not in English, to meet graduation requirements. Major physical science concepts and definitions of important and commonly used terms are given in both…

  15. Physical Science. A Handbook for Laotian Speaking Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindauer, Lawrence; And Others

    Physical science is the subject of this bilingual glossary, one of a series developed to help high school students who are literate in their native Lao, but limited-English-proficient, to meet their graduation requirements. Major physical science concepts and definitions of important and commonly used terms appear in Lao and in English. (CMG)

  16. Evolutionary Dynamics in Cancer Therapy | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    Participants of this Strategic Workshop included experts from oncology, evolutionary biology, and physical sciences to explore the view that cancer is a heterogeneous and adaptive disease that must be examined as a dynamic system across all length and time scales. Presentations focused on physical sciences tools and approaches that use evolutionary dynamics to model and predict the response of dynamic systems to perturbations.

  17. Physical Change. Learning in Science Project. Working Paper No. 26.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cosgrove, Mark; Osborne, Roger

    One area explored in the second (in-depth) phase of the Learning in Science Project was "children's science," defined as views of the world and the meanings for words that children have and bring with them to science lessons. The investigation reported focuses on students' (N=43) views of physical change associated with boiling, melting,…

  18. Bush Research Budget again Focuses on Physical Sciences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brainard, Jeffrey; Hebel, Sara

    2007-01-01

    This article presents compelling reasons why President George W. Bush decided to double federal funds for agencies supporting physical-science research. The biggest beneficiaries of Mr. Bush's plan for 2008 would be the National Science Foundation and the Department of Energy's Office of Science. Those agencies, together with the National…

  19. Pre-Service Physics Teachers' Conceptions of Nature of Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buaraphan, Khajornsak

    2011-01-01

    Understanding of NOS (nature of science) appears as a prerequisite of a scientifically literate person. Promoting adequate understanding of NOS in pre-service physics teachers is, therefore, an important task of science educators. Before doing that, science educators must have information concerning their pre-service teachers' conceptions of NOS.…

  20. Electricity. Physical Science in Action. Teacher's Manual and Workbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katz, Elaine; And Others

    The Science in Action series is designed to teach practical science concepts to special-needs students. It is intended to develop students' problem-solving skills by teaching them to observe, record, analyze, conclude, and predict. This document contains a student workbook which deals with basic principles of physical science. Seven separate units…

  1. The Influence of Accelerator Science on Physics Research

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Haussecker, Enzo F.; Chao, Alexander W.

    2011-06-01

    We evaluate accelerator science in the context of its contributions to the physics community. We address the problem of quantifying these contributions and present a scheme for a numerical evaluation of them. We show by using a statistical sample of important developments in modern physics that accelerator science has influenced 28% of post-1938 physicists and also 28% of post-1938 physics research. We also examine how the influence of accelerator science has evolved over time, and show that on average it has contributed to a physics Nobel Prize-winning research every 2.9 years.

  2. A Physics Professor and a Science Librarian Challenge Non-Majors to Evaluate Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iber, Mary; Sherman, Derin

    2009-01-01

    Required science courses can have limited interest from some students. In this article, a physics professor and a science librarian describe methods used to engage non majors in learning about science in a non-threatening way. By evaluating the science on selected web sites, and classifying the sites according to six categories (valid,…

  3. IUPUI School of Science Bachelor of Science in Physics and Electrical Engineering FIRST-YEAR EXPERIENCE

    E-print Network

    Science ­ 28 credits total Analytic Geom. & Calc. I MATH 165 (4 cr.) ______ Analytic Geom. & Calc. II MATHIUPUI School of Science ­ Bachelor of Science in Physics and Electrical Engineering FIRST-YEAR EXPERIENCE Windows on Science SCI I120 or Introduction to the Engineering Profession ENGR 195 1 cr

  4. Research Misconduct and the Physical Sciences

    SciTech Connect

    HM Kerch; JJ Dooley

    1999-10-11

    Research misconduct includes the fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism (FFP) of concepts or ideas; some institutions have expanded this concept to include ''other serious deviations (OSD) from accepted research practice.'' An action can be evaluated as research misconduct if it involves activities unique to the practice of science and could negatively affect the scientific record. Although the number of cases of research misconduct is uncertain (formal records are kept only by the NIH and the NSF), the costs are high in integrity of the scientific record, diversions from research to investigate allegations, ruined careers of those eventually exonerated, and erosion of public confidence in science. Currently, research misconduct policies vary from institution to institution and from government agency to government agency; some have highly developed guidelines that include OSD, others have no guidelines at ail. One result has been that the federal False Claims Act has been used to pursue allegations of research misconduct and have them adjudicated in the federal court, rather than being judged by scientific peers. The federal government will soon establish a first-ever research misconduct policy that would apply to all research funded by the federal government regardless of what agency funded the research or whether the research was carried out in a government, industrial or university laboratory. Physical scientists, who up to now have only infrequently been the subject or research misconduct allegations, must none-the-less become active in the debate over research misconduct policies and how they are implemented since they will now be explicitly covered by this new federal wide policy.

  5. PHYSICS EDUCATION College of Science Physics Teaching-BS

    E-print Network

    Kihara, Daisuke

    Behavioral/Social Science for core- can be met by EDPS 23500) (3) Great Issues LINK (satisfies one 28500 (Satisfies Humanities Behavioral/Social Science for core and CoS language/culture requirement) (3) EDPS 23500 (Satisfies Humanities Behavioral/Social Science for core and CoS General Education

  6. PHYSICS EDUCATION College of Science Physics Teaching-BS

    E-print Network

    Kihara, Daisuke

    Behavioral/Social Science for core- can be met by EDPS 23500) (3) Great Issues LINK (satisfies one for core) (3) EDCI 28500 (Satisfies Humanities Behavioral/Social Science for core and CoS language/culture requirement) (3) EDPS 23500 (Satisfies Humanities Behavioral/Social Science for core and CoS General Education

  7. The physical science behind climate change

    SciTech Connect

    Collins, William; Collins, William; Colman, Robert; Haywood, James; Manning, Martin R.; Mote, Philip

    2007-07-01

    For a scientist studying climate change, 'eureka' moments are unusually rare. Instead progress is generally made by a painstaking piecing together of evidence from every new temperature measurement, satellite sounding or climate-model experiment. Data get checked and rechecked, ideas tested over and over again. Do the observations fit the predicted changes? Could there be some alternative explanation? Good climate scientists, like all good scientists, want to ensure that the highest standards of proof apply to everything they discover. And the evidence of change has mounted as climate records have grown longer, as our understanding of the climate system has improved and as climate models have become ever more reliable. Over the past 20 years, evidence that humans are affecting the climate has accumulated inexorably, and with it has come ever greater certainty across the scientific community in the reality of recent climate change and the potential for much greater change in the future. This increased certainty is starkly reflected in the latest report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the fourth in a series of assessments of the state of knowledge on the topic, written and reviewed by hundreds of scientists worldwide. The panel released a condensed version of the first part of the report, on the physical science basis of climate change, in February. Called the 'Summary for Policymakers,' it delivered to policymakers and ordinary people alike an unambiguous message: scientists are more confident than ever that humans have interfered with the climate and that further human-induced climate change is on the way. Although the report finds that some of these further changes are now inevitable, its analysis also confirms that the future, particularly in the longer term, remains largely in our hands--the magnitude of expected change depends on what humans choose to do about greenhouse gas emissions. The physical science assessment focuses on four topics: drivers of climate change, changes observed in the climate system, understanding cause-and-effect relationships, and projection of future changes. Important advances in research into all these areas have occurred since the IPCC assessment in 2001. In the pages that follow, we lay out the key findings that document the extent of change and that point to the unavoidable conclusion that human activity is driving it.

  8. University of Akron February 14, 2013 Physics 262: Physics for Life Sciences II

    E-print Network

    Hu, Ben Yu-Kuang

    University of Akron February 14, 2013 Physics 262: Physics for Life Sciences II Section 801: First in the above figure? (A) At infinity to the left of the lens . (B) At infinity to the right of the lens. (C) 0

  9. Dana-Farber Cancer Institute | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (DFCI PS-OC) will intertwine the physical sciences with cancer biology and oncology by engaging evolutionary theory to address several critical issues concerning modern cancer research. Moreover, this center aspires to institute evolutionary modeling of cancer as a new field of study. To accomplish these goals, the center has brought together an acclaimed group of scientists from the fields of theoretical biology, cancer biology, oncology, physics and engineering.

  10. USU 1360 INTEGRATED PHYSICAL SCIENCE So, are we on track for Integrated Physical Science Credit? Some things (in purple) are not a great

    E-print Network

    Allan, Vicki H.

    USU 1360 INTEGRATED PHYSICAL SCIENCE So, are we on track for Integrated Physical Science Credit unifying concepts of the physical sciences. Among the topics to be covered will the structure of matter context. CRITERIA FOR APPROVED BREADTH COURSES: PHYSICAL SCIENCES · The course should improve

  11. Effect of differing PowerPoint slide design on multiple-choice test scores for assessment of knowledge and retention in a theriogenology course.

    PubMed

    Root Kustritz, Margaret V

    2014-01-01

    Third-year veterinary students in a required theriogenology diagnostics course were allowed to self-select attendance at a lecture in either the evening or the next morning. One group was presented with PowerPoint slides in a traditional format (T group), and the other group was presented with PowerPoint slides in the assertion-evidence format (A-E group), which uses a single sentence and a highly relevant graphic on each slide to ensure attention is drawn to the most important points in the presentation. Students took a multiple-choice pre-test, attended lecture, and then completed a take-home assignment. All students then completed an online multiple-choice post-test and, one month later, a different online multiple-choice test to evaluate retention. Groups did not differ on pre-test, assignment, or post-test scores, and both groups showed significant gains from pre-test to post-test and from pre-test to retention test. However, the T group showed significant decline from post-test to retention test, while the A-E group did not. Short-term differences between slide designs were most likely unaffected due to required coursework immediately after lecture, but retention of material was superior with the assertion-evidence slide design. PMID:25000882

  12. Mathematical and physical ideas for climate science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lucarini, Valerio; Blender, Richard; Herbert, Corentin; Ragone, Francesco; Pascale, Salvatore; Wouters, Jeroen

    2014-12-01

    The climate is a forced and dissipative nonlinear system featuring nontrivial dynamics on a vast range of spatial and temporal scales. The understanding of the climate's structural and multiscale properties is crucial for the provision of a unifying picture of its dynamics and for the implementation of accurate and efficient numerical models. We present some recent developments at the intersection between climate science, mathematics, and physics, which may prove fruitful in the direction of constructing a more comprehensive account of climate dynamics. We describe the Nambu formulation of fluid dynamics and the potential of such a theory for constructing sophisticated numerical models of geophysical fluids. Then, we focus on the statistical mechanics of quasi-equilibrium flows in a rotating environment, which seems crucial for constructing a robust theory of geophysical turbulence. We then discuss ideas and methods suited for approaching directly the nonequilibrium nature of the climate system. First, we describe some recent findings on the thermodynamics of climate, characterize its energy and entropy budgets, and discuss related methods for intercomparing climate models and for studying tipping points. These ideas can also create a common ground between geophysics and astrophysics by suggesting general tools for studying exoplanetary atmospheres. We conclude by focusing on nonequilibrium statistical mechanics, which allows for a unified framing of problems as different as the climate response to forcings, the effect of altering the boundary conditions or the coupling between geophysical flows, and the derivation of parametrizations for numerical models.

  13. Speculative Physics: the Ontology of Theory and Experiment in High Energy Particle Physics and Science Fiction

    E-print Network

    Clarissa Ai Ling Lee

    2014-06-21

    The dissertation brings together approaches across the fields of physics, critical theory, literary studies, philosophy of physics, sociology of science, and history of science to synthesize a hybrid approach for instigating more rigorous and intense cross-disciplinary interrogations between the sciences and the humanities. There are two levels of conversations going on in the dissertation; at the first level, the discussion is centered on a critical historiography and philosophical implications of the discovery Higgs boson in relation to its position at the intersection of old (current) and the potential for new possibilities in quantum physics; I then position my findings on the Higgs boson in connection to the double-slit experiment that represents foundational inquiries into quantum physics, to demonstrate the bridge between fundamental physics and high energy particle physics. The conceptualization of the variants of the double-slit experiment informs the aforementioned critical comparisons. At the second level of the conversation, theories are produced from a close study of the physics objects as speculative engine for new knowledge generation that are then reconceptualized and re-articulated for extrapolation into the speculative ontology of hard science fiction, particularly the hard science fiction written with the double intent of speaking to the science while producing imaginative and socially conscious science through the literary affordances of science fiction. The works of science fiction examined here demonstrate the tension between the internal values of physics in the practice of theory and experiment and questions on ethics, culture, and morality.

  14. Central Cholinergic Involvement in Sequential Behavior: Impairments of Performance by Atropine in a Serial Multiple Choice Task for Rats

    PubMed Central

    Fountain, Stephen B.; Rowan, James D.; Wollan, Michael O.

    2013-01-01

    Two experiments examined whether muscarinic cholinergic systems play a role in rats’ ability to perform well-learned highly-structured serial response patterns, particularly focusing on rats’ performance on pattern elements learned by encoding rules versus by acquisition of stimulus-response (S-R) associations. Rats performed serial patterns of responses in a serial multiple choice task in an 8-lever circular array for hypothalamic brain-stimulation reward. Two experiments examined the effects of atropine, a centrally-acting muscarinic cholinergic receptor antagonist, on rats’ ability to perform pattern elements where responses were controlled by rules versus elements, such as rule-inconsistent “violation elements” and elements following “phrasing cues,” where responses were controlled by associative cues. In Experiment 1, 3-element chunks of both patterns were signaled by pauses that served as phrasing cues before chunk-boundary elements, but one pattern also included a violation element that was inconsistent with pattern structure. Once rats reached a high criterion of performance, the drug challenge was intraperitoneal injection of a single dose of 50 mg/kg atropine sulfate. Atropine impaired performance on elements learned by S-R learning, namely, chunk-boundary elements and the violation element, but had no effect on performance of rule-based within-chunk elements. In Experiment 2, patterns were phrased and unphrased perfect patterns (i.e., without violation elements). To control for peripheral effects of atropine, rats were treated with a series of doses of either centrally-acting atropine or peripherally-acting atropine methyl nitrate (AMN), which does not cross the blood-brain barrier. Once rats reached a high criterion, the drug challenges were on alternate days in the order 50, 25, and 100 mg/kg of either atropine sulfate or AMN. Atropine, but not AMN, impaired performance in the phrased perfect pattern for pattern elements where S-R associations were important for performance, namely, chunk-boundary elements. However, in the structurally more ambiguous unphrased perfect pattern where rats had fewer cues and presumably relied more on S-R associations throughout, atropine impaired performance on all pattern elements. Thus, intact muscarinic cholinergic systems were shown to be necessary for discriminative control previously established by S-R learning, but were not necessary for rule-based serial pattern performance. PMID:23871743

  15. Bachelor of Science, Physics, Applied Physics Emphasis, 2014-2015 Name ID# Date

    E-print Network

    Barrash, Warren

    Bachelor of Science, Physics, Applied Physics Emphasis, 2014-2015 Name ID# Date General Degree and Ethical Foundations 3 DLM MATH 170 Calculus I 4 DLN PHYS 211, 211L Physics I with Calculus & Lab 5 DLN PHYS 212, 212L Physics II with Calculus & Lab 5 DLV Visual and Performing Arts 3 DLL Literature

  16. Bachelor of Science, Physics, Applied Physics Emphasis, 2013-2014 Name ID# Date

    E-print Network

    Barrash, Warren

    Bachelor of Science, Physics, Applied Physics Emphasis, 2013-2014 Name ID# Date General Degree and Ethical Foundations 3 DLM MATH 170 Calculus I 4 DLN PHYS 211, 211L Physics I with Calculus & Lab 5 DLN PHYS 212, 212L Physics II with Calculus & Lab 5 DLV Visual and Performing Arts 3 DLL Literature

  17. COLLEGE OF SCIENCE & ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY

    E-print Network

    COLLEGE OF SCIENCE & ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY 1600 Holloway Avenue San of Physics and Astronomy are deeply disturbed by the news that Professor Geoffrey Marcy has harmed the most Berkeley's Title IX investigation, the SFSU Department of Physics & Astronomy has terminated Professor

  18. Department of Physics & Astronomy College of Science & Engineering

    E-print Network

    Department of Physics & Astronomy College of Science & Engineering San Francisco State University Position title: Assistant or Associate Professor in Physics and Astronomy with a specialization is in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at San Francisco State University. SF State is a member of the California

  19. 77 FR 16076 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-19

    .... Aizenman, Senior Science Associate, Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Room 1005, National... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office National Science Foundation Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting In accordance with...

  20. 75 FR 62891 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-13

    ...: Dr. Morris L. Aizenman, Senior Science Associate, Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting In accordance with...

  1. University of Aberdeen College of Physical Sciences Fire Action Plan FIRE ACTION PLAN

    E-print Network

    Neri, Peter

    University of Aberdeen ­ College of Physical Sciences Fire Action Plan FIRE ACTION PLAN COLLEGE OF PHYSICAL SCIENCES May 2014 #12;University of Aberdeen ­ College of Physical Sciences Fire Action Plan 1......................................................................................................................................................2 Fire Action Plan

  2. West Virginia University 1 College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences

    E-print Network

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    West Virginia University 1 College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences Degree Offered · Bachelor of Science in Physical Education Nature of Program Students in athletic coaching education and Sport Sciences (CPASS) include athletic training, athletic coaching education, physical education

  3. A physical sciences network characterization of nonmalignant and metastatic cells SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL

    E-print Network

    van Oudenaarden, Alexander

    1 A physical sciences network characterization of nonmalignant and metastatic cells SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL -materials and methods -supplementary figures and captions Authors: The Physical Sciences-Investigator: William M. Grady Arizona State University Physical Sciences-Oncology Center Arizona State University

  4. About the Department The Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science (PTRS) at the

    E-print Network

    Weber, David J.

    About the Department The Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science (PTRS evidence that enhances physical therapy practice and rehabilitation science through expertise, innovation therapy and rehabilitation science. UNIVERSITY of MARYLAND SCHOOL OF MEDICINE DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL

  5. Research Overview | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    Physical Scientists Take on Cancer. Nature, November 2012. A collection of articles discussing how collaborations between physical scientists and oncologists are bringing new perspectives to cancer research.

  6. The Effect of Physical Activity on Science Competence and Attitude towards Science Content

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klinkenborg, Ann Maria

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the effect of physical activity on science instruction. To combat the implications of physical inactivity, schools need to be willing to consider all possible opportunities for students to engage in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Integrating physical activity with traditional classroom content is one…

  7. University of New Orleans Department of Physics Master of Science in Applied Physics

    E-print Network

    Li, X. Rong

    of Science In Applied Physics (MSAP) provides for maximum flexibility in designing a personal program. Among the specialty areas are Computer Science, Geophysics, Biological Sciences, Applied Mathematics will be determined on the basis of completion of a satisfactory undergraduate major, general chemistry

  8. Physics, Math, and Making Sense: Understanding how brains learn science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Redish, Edward

    2007-03-01

    Recent developments in neuroscience, cognitive science, and behavioral science are helping physics education researchers develop a theoretical understanding of physics teaching and learning. This understanding helps in two ways. 1). We can make sense of the way students respond (often inappropriately) to our instruction. 2). We can learn to appreciate the difficulties we have as instructors in unpacking and identifying critical components of our own knowledge. Building on observations of student learning in introductory and advanced physics, I identify critical components for teaching physics with math that are often overlooked in traditional instruction.

  9. Diagnostic Opportunities Using Rasch Measurement in the Context of a Misconceptions-Based Physical Science Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wind, Stefanie A.; Gale, Jessica D.

    2015-01-01

    Multiple-choice (MC) items that are constructed such that distractors target known misconceptions for a particular domain provide useful diagnostic information about student misconceptions (Herrmann-Abell & DeBoer, 2011, 2014; Sadler, 1998). Item response theory models can be used to examine misconceptions distractor-driven multiple-choice

  10. 78 FR 42111 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences #66; Notice of Meeting; Correction

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-15

    ...NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences 66; Notice of Meeting; Correction SUMMARY: The National Science Foundation published a Notice of Meeting for...

  11. 75 FR 29369 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-25

    ...NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting In accordance with...92-463, as amended), the National Science Foundation announces the following...

  12. 77 FR 42768 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-20

    ...NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting In accordance with...92-463, as amended), the National Science Foundation announces the following...

  13. 78 FR 37590 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences #66; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-21

    ...NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences 66; Notice of Meeting In accordance...92- 463, as amended), the National Science Foundation announces the following...

  14. Women in Physical Science: From Drudges to Discoverers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brush, Stephen G.

    1985-01-01

    Shows that important discoveries in physical sciences cited in textbooks were made by women, although they may not be given credit for their work. Also discusses the contributions of 10 female scientists to provide role models for students. (DH)

  15. PHYSICAL SCIENCES Zipping, Entanglement, and the Elastic Modulus of

    E-print Network

    Maruyama, Shigeo

    1 PHYSICAL SCIENCES Zipping, Entanglement, and the Elastic Modulus with the required low elastic modulus (6, 7). Vertically aligned carbon nanotube (CNT) films may combine mechanical@stanford.edu Keywords: carbon nanotubes, modulus, van der Waals, , and thermal interface material

  16. Nastaran Zahir Kuhn, Ph.D. | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    Dr. Nastaran Zahir Kuhn joined the Division of Cancer Biology at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) in 2013 where her primary role as Program Director is to coordinate transdisciplinary efforts in bringing physical sciences perspectives to cancer research. She assists in the oversight and management of scientific projects for the Physical Sciences in Oncology Initiative by fostering transdisciplinary research collaborations and promoting resources for data and biospecimen standards.

  17. Portraying Physicists and Physics in Hard Science Fiction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cramer, John G.

    2001-03-01

    "Hard" science fiction is that sub-genre of SF in which a serious attempt is made to portray science and scientists as accurately as possible, often by using scientists and engineers as principal characters and by using scientific problem solving as a major plot element. The speaker, a Professor of Physics, writes a regular bimonthly science column (see http://www.npl.washington.edu/av) and has also written two hard SF novels, Twistor, which is about ``small" science in a university physics research laboratory, and Einstein's Bridge, which portrays ``big" science and in particular the 1993 cancellation of the Superconducting Super Collider Project, as played out against a fictional background of breakthrough discoveries, alien contact, wormholes, and time travel. The speaker will discuss his experiences in planning, writing, and publishing hard SF, and will consider how these activities address the general problem of public appreciation, perception, and mis-perception of science.

  18. Intoduction to Complex Systems A new course for students in the Physical Sciences, Computer Sciences, and

    E-print Network

    Buldyrev, Sergey

    Intoduction to Complex Systems A new course for students in the Physical Sciences, Computer Sciences, and Mathematics, by Professor Sergey Buldyrev. The definition of a complex system is somewhat of complex systems. The main idea of this emerging branch of science is that some aspects of complex systems

  19. Analogue Experiences in Physical Science. Teaching Forum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guthrie, Vallie; Colquitt, Leroy, Jr.

    For some time there has been a concern in the scientific and academic communities to make science more meaningful to the growing ranks of apparently disenchanted students. This concern is reflected in the development of programs to reassess science curricula on all educational levels. The Thirteen-College Curriculum Program (TCCP) approach to…

  20. Assistant Director Physical Science and Engineering

    E-print Network

    , and national security;security; ·· Build strong partnerships among Federal, State, and localBuild strong on Environment & Natural Resources Committee on Science Committee on Technology Committee on Homeland and National Security WMD Medical Countermeasures National Security R&D Aeronautics S& T Prion Science Trans

  1. A Study of Common Beliefs and Misconceptions in Physical Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stein, Mary; Larrabee, Timothy G.; Barman, Charles R.

    2008-01-01

    The Science Belief Test is an online instrument comprised of 47 statements that require true or false responses and request written explanations to accompany these responses. It targets topics in chemistry, physics, biology, earth science, and astronomy and was initially designed to assess preservice elementary teachers' beliefs about general…

  2. Teaching Particle Physics in the Open University's Science Foundation Course.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farmelo, Graham

    1992-01-01

    Discusses four topics presented in the science foundation course of the Open University that exemplify current developments in particle physics, in particular, and that describe important issues about the nature of science, in general. Topics include the omega minus particle, the diversity of quarks, the heavy lepton, and the discovery of the W…

  3. Physics at the International Science and Engineering Fair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Jearl

    1979-01-01

    A judge for the physics projects for the 1979 International Science and Engineering Fair describes many of the more popular science projects. Projects described include the following: carbon dioxide and helium-neon lasers, reverse flame investigations, holography, construction of a magnetic bottle to confine plasma, and aerodynamic drag. (BT)

  4. Parental Occupation Inspiring Science Interest: Perspectives From Physical Scientists

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chakraverty, Devasmita; Tai, Robert H.

    2013-01-01

    Children's early science interest begins well before middle school, and parents can be important in generating and sustaining such interest. This qualitative study addresses how parental occupations shape physical scientists' early science interest. Our framework uses Social Cognitive Career Theory, and our research question is,…

  5. Selected Characteristics of Persons in Physical Science: 1978.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palumbo, Thomas J.; And Others

    1980-01-01

    Statistical information, based on the 1978 survey in a series of biennial surveys known as the National Sample of Scientists and Engineers, sponsored by the National Science Foundation and conducted by the Bureau of the Census is presented. Individuals in the field of physical sciences are profiled, including chemists, physicists and astronomers,…

  6. School of Chemistry FACULTY OF MATHEMATICS AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES

    E-print Network

    Rzepa, Henry S.

    School of Chemistry FACULTY OF MATHEMATICS AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES CHEMISTRYUNDERGRADUATE DEGREES International students 26 Accommodation 26 Fees and scholarships 27 Visit the School 27 Contact us CONTENTS ARE FLEXIBLE SO THAT YOU CAN TAILOR YOUR DEGREE AND PURSUE THE AREAS OF SCIENCE THAT MOST EXCITE YOU. WELCOME

  7. Research briefs of the Physical and Chemical Sciences Center

    SciTech Connect

    Vook, F.L.; Smith, W.L.

    1993-12-31

    As Sandia National Laboratories and the Physical and Chemical Sciences Center develop an increasingly diverse set of customers, research partners, and Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADA`s) with industry, there is a need for providing more concise information describing their technical achievements and capabilities. This publication, Research Briefs, is designed to inform the present and potential partners in research and technology advancement. Their research emphasizes semiconductor physics, electronic materials, surface physics and chemistry, plasma and chemical processing sciences, lasers and optics, vision science, ion-solid interactions and defect physics, and advanced materials physics. The specific programs they pursue are driven by the research goals which are greatly influenced by interactions with the government and industrial customers.

  8. The Effect of Physical Activity on Science Competence and Attitude towards Science Content

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Klinkenborg, Ann Maria

    This study examines the effect of physical activity on science instruction. To combat the implications of physical inactivity, schools need to be willing to consider all possible opportunities for students to engage in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Integrating physical activity with traditional classroom content is one instructional method to consider. Researchers have typically focused on integration with English/language arts (ELA) and mathematics. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of physical activity on science competence and attitude towards science. Fifty-three third grade children participated in this investigation; one group received science instruction with a physical activity intervention while the other group received traditional science instruction. Participants in both groups completed a modified version of What I Really Think of Science attitude scale (Pell & Jarvis, 2001) and a physical science test of competence prior to and following the intervention. Children were videotaped during science instruction and their movement coded to measure the proportion of time spent in MVPA. Results revealed that children in the intervention group demonstrated greater MVPA during the instructional period. A moderate to large effect size (partial eta squared = .091) was seen in the intervention group science competence post-test indicating greater understanding of force, motion, work, and simple machines concepts than that of the control group who were less physically active. There was no statistically significant attitude difference between the intervention and control groups post-test, (F(1,51) = .375, p = .543). These results provide evidence that integration can effectively present physical science content and have a positive impact on the number of minutes of health-enhancing physical activity in a school day.

  9. An Instructional System in Physical Science, Teacher's Guide and Keys.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington State Univ., Pullman.

    This manual is a teacher's guide to a self-instructional program in basic physical science, designed for high school students who have not had a course in chemistry or physics. There are six units in the manual relating to these areas: problem solving and experimental procedures; universal standards, metric system and conversion; mechanics; the…

  10. Science Education in Two-Year Colleges: Physics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mooney, William T., Jr.

    Physics instruction is examined as revealed in a study of science education at two-year colleges which involved a review of the literature, an analysis of the catalogs and class schedules of 175 representative institutions, and a survey of 45 physics instructors. Each of the two parts of the report reviews pertinent literature, reports study…

  11. Physical Science, Units 5 and 6, Field Test Copy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington State Univ., Pullman.

    This student workbook contains units five and six of a six-unit physical science course. The program is intended for high school students who have not had a chemistry or physics course, and is designed to be self instructional. Unit five involves experiments and problems in these subject areas: temperature versus heat; units of heat; specific…

  12. Pima College Students' Knowledge of Selected Basic Physical Science Concepts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iadevaia, David G.

    In 1989 a study was conducted at Pima Community College (PCC) to assess students' knowledge of basic physical science concepts. A three-part survey instrument was administered to students in a second semester sociology class, a first semester astronomy class, a second semester Spanish class, and a first semester physics class. The survey…

  13. Edgy Science II: From NSF Physics Frontier

    E-print Network

    Collar, Juan I.

    ), research internships, outreach programs, visiting science shows, and field tested activities that integrate of Matter - Christopher Smith (CTBP - UC San Diego) Center for Theoretical Biology Outline }Each Center #12

  14. Speculative Physics: the Ontology of Theory and Experiment in High Energy Particle Physics and Science Fiction

    E-print Network

    Lee, Clarissa Ai Ling

    2014-01-01

    The dissertation brings together approaches across the fields of physics, critical theory, literary studies, philosophy of physics, sociology of science, and history of science to synthesize a hybrid approach for instigating more rigorous and intense cross-disciplinary interrogations between the sciences and the humanities. There are two levels of conversations going on in the dissertation; at the first level, the discussion is centered on a critical historiography and philosophical implications of the discovery Higgs boson in relation to its position at the intersection of old (current) and the potential for new possibilities in quantum physics; I then position my findings on the Higgs boson in connection to the double-slit experiment that represents foundational inquiries into quantum physics, to demonstrate the bridge between fundamental physics and high energy particle physics. The conceptualization of the variants of the double-slit experiment informs the aforementioned critical comparisons. At the secon...

  15. Department of Physical Therapy The University of Texas Health Science Center San Antonio's Physical Therapy Program holds

    E-print Network

    Nicholson, Bruce J.

    Department of Physical Therapy The University of Texas Health Science Center San Antonio's Physical Therapy Program holds Open House sessions during the application period. All Applicants and prospective

  16. Physics 300 Provincial Examination.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manitoba Dept. of Education and Training, Winnipeg.

    This document consists of the physics 300 provincial examination (English version), a separate "provincial summary report" on the results of giving the test, and a separate French language version of the examination. This physics examination contains a 53-item multiple choice section and an 12 item free response section. Subsections of the test…

  17. 77 FR 64831 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-23

    ...for Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Room 1005...concerning NSF science and education activities within the...for Mathematical and Physical Sciences. Agenda: Update...Group on Expeditions in Education Meeting of MPSAC...

  18. Final report on the Assessment of Physical Sciences and Engineering Advances in Life Sciences and Oncology (APHELION) Europe study | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    The NCI and NSF commissioned the international Assessment of Physical sciences and Engineering advances in Life sciences and Oncology (APHELION) in order to determine the status and trends of applying physical sciences and engineering principles to oncology research and development in leading laboratories and organizations in Europe via an on-site peer review process. The panel members made visits to laboratories in France, Italy, Israel, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland, typically meeting with representatives of multiple institutions at each stop.

  19. Women in science: physics and optics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yzuel, M. J.; Peinado, A.

    2014-07-01

    The number of women is less than the number of men in degrees like physics and engineering. In this paper we present the percentages of female students at the Spanish Universities. The percentage of women decreases for faculty members. We also give some figures for female students in physics degree. The value of mentoring programs is analyzed. The learning societies in physics and in optics have established committees and programs for helping the women in their scientific career. We describe them in general and we focus on the SPIE Women in Optics program.

  20. Rob Phillips | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    Rob Phillips is a Professor at Caltech in Pasadena working at the intersection of physics and biology. Over the past12 years he has evolved from being a condensed matter physicist to now concentrating on biophysics.

  1. Physics in the Galtonian sciences of heredity.

    PubMed

    Radick, Gregory

    2011-06-01

    Physics matters less than we once thought to the making of Mendel. But it matters more than we tend to recognize to the making of Mendelism. This paper charts the variety of ways in which diverse kinds of physics impinged upon the Galtonian tradition which formed Mendelism's matrix. The work of three Galtonians in particular is considered: Francis Galton himself, W. F. R. Weldon and William Bateson. One aim is to suggest that tracking influence from physics can bring into focus important but now little-remembered flexibilities in the Galtonian tradition. Another is to show by example why generalizations about what happens when 'physics' meets 'biology' require caution. Even for a single research tradition in Britain in the decades around 1900, these categories were large, containing multitudes. PMID:21486650

  2. Emerging Physics for Novel Field Propulsion Science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hauser, Jochem; Dröscher, Walter

    2010-01-01

    All space vehicles in use today need some kind of fuel for operation. The basic physics underlying this propulsion principle severely limits the specific impulse and/or available thrust. Launch capabilities from the surface of the Earth require huge amounts of fuel. Hence, space flight, as envisaged by von Braun in the early 50s of the last century, will not be possible using this concept. Only if novel physical principles are found can these limits be overcome. Gravitational field propulsion is based on the generation of gravitational (gravity-like) fields by manmade devices. In other words, gravity-like fields should be experimentally controllable. Present physics believes that there are four fundamental interactions: strong (nuclei), weak (radioactive decay), electromagnetism and Newtonian gravitation. As experience has shown for the last six decades, none of these physical interactions is suitable as a basis for novel space propulsion. None of the advanced physical theories like string theory or quantum gravity, go beyond these four known interactions. On the contrary, recent results from causal dynamical triangulation simulations indicate that wormholes in spacetime do not seem to exist, and thus even this type of exotic space travel may well be impossible. Recently, novel physical concepts were published that might lead to advanced space propulsion technology, represented by two additional long range gravitational-like force fields that would be both attractive and repulsive, resulting from interaction of gravity with electromagnetism. A propulsion technology, based on these novel long range fields, would be working without propellant.

  3. Sara Walker | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    Sara Walker works in the School of Life Science and the Beyond Center at Arizona State University. She is also a NASA Astrobiology fellow. She spoke about the deep evolutionary history of life on earth and it’s routes to cancer.

  4. PEOPLE IN PHYSICS: Women in nuclear science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stuart, B. H.

    1996-03-01

    The field of nuclear science has seen an unusually large number of discoveries by women this century. This article focuses on the acclaimed work of Marie Curie, her daughter Irène Joliot-Curie, Lise Meitner and Maria Goeppert-Mayer.

  5. Physically Handicapped in Science: Final Project Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Brien, Maureen B.; And Others

    A two-year project was conducted by St. Mary's Junior College to improve the science literacy of visually-impaired students (VIS) through the adaptation of instructional methods and materials. A four-step process was used: (1) learning materials were reviewed to identify problem areas; (2) preliminary adaptations were made based on the review; (3)…

  6. Introductory physics in biological context: An approach to improve introductory physics for life science students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crouch, Catherine H.; Heller, Kenneth

    2014-05-01

    We describe restructuring the introductory physics for life science students (IPLS) course to better support these students in using physics to understand their chosen fields. Our courses teach physics using biologically rich contexts. Specifically, we use examples in which fundamental physics contributes significantly to understanding a biological system to make explicit the value of physics to the life sciences. This requires selecting the course content to reflect the topics most relevant to biology while maintaining the fundamental disciplinary structure of physics. In addition to stressing the importance of the fundamental principles of physics, an important goal is developing students' quantitative and problem solving skills. Our guiding pedagogical framework is the cognitive apprenticeship model, in which learning occurs most effectively when students can articulate why what they are learning matters to them. In this article, we describe our courses, summarize initial assessment data, and identify needs for future research.

  7. Spacelab 1 - Scientific objectives, life sciences, space plasma physics, astronomy and solar physics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chappell, C. R.

    1985-01-01

    A general overview of the accomplishments of the Spacelab 1 complement to the Shuttle mission of Nov. 28, 1983, is presented. Consideration is given to scientific results in the fields of life sciences, materials sciences, atmospheric physics, and earth observations. A table is given which lists the scientific objectives and the percentage of objectives accomplished in each field.

  8. 76 FR 14996 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-18

    ...Sciences, Room 1005, National Science Foundation, 4201 Wilson Boulevard...recommendations concerning NSF science and education activities within the Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences. Agenda: Update on current...

  9. Nanofluidics Sorts DNA For Cancer Research | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    Nanotechnology researchers at Cornell University's Physical Sciences-Oncology Center have devised a new tool to study epigenetic changes in DNA that can cause cancer and other diseases. The tool is a nanoscale fluidic device that sorts and collects DNA one molecule at a time. The new device, developed in the lab of Harold Craighead, is described in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

  10. Impact of Computer Algebra on Physics School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences

    E-print Network

    Waxman, David

    Impact of Computer Algebra on Physics D. Waxman School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences is in problems of a numerical nature ("number crunching"), where computers have been employed. There have, however, been developments along different lines in the field of computation in the last few years

  11. College of Arts and Science Department of Physics and Engineering Physics

    E-print Network

    Saskatchewan, University of

    College of Arts and Science Department of Physics and Engineering Physics Criteria and Standards/or international committees or associations involved with the promotion or practice of research in the candidate's field of specialization. · Publication of internal reports that are solicited by external researchers

  12. Science Understanding through Playground Physics: Organized Recess Teaching (SUPPORT)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kincaid, Russell

    2010-03-01

    From 1995-2007, U.S. science students in grade four scored higher than the scaled TIMSS average, but their scores did not improve over this time. Moreover, in the area of physical science, the U.S. scored significantly lower than several Asian countries, as well as Russia, England, and Latvia (TIMSS). Methods to enhance student achievement in science are still being sought. An approach to utilizing playground equipment as a teaching tool for a variety of physics concepts was developed as a physical science teaching method. This program established an appropriate set of experiments, coordinated the effort with local school districts, and implemented a brief pilot study to test the teaching methodology. The program assigned undergraduate middle school science education majors to teach small groups of fourth grade students. The experimental group used the newly developed ``Playground Physics'' methodology while the control group used traditional approaches. Follow up activities will include an expansion of the duration and the scope of the program.

  13. S.E.A. Lab. Science Experiments and Activities. Marine Science for High School Students in Chemistry, Biology and Physics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hart, Kathy, Ed.

    A series of science experiments and activities designed for secondary school students taking biology, chemistry, physics, physical science or marine science courses are outlined. Each of the three major sections--chemistry, biology, and physics--addresses concepts that are generally covered in those courses but incorporates aspects of marine…

  14. Research Trend of Physical Skill Science --Towards Elucidation of Physical Skill--

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Furukawa, Koichi; Ueno, Ken; Ozaki, Tomonobu; Kamisato, Shihoko; Kawamoto, Ryuji; Shibuya, Koji; Shiratori, Naruhiko; Suwa, Masaki; Soga, Masato; Taki, Hirokazu; Fujinami, Tsutomu; Hori, Satoshi; Motomura, Yoichi; Morita, Souhei

    Physical skills and language skills are both fundamental intelligent abilities of human being. In this paper, we focus our attention to such sophisticated physical skills as playing sports and playing instruments and introduce research activities aiming at elucidating and verbalizing them. This research area has been launched recently. We introduce approaches from physical modeling, measurements and data analysis, cognitive science and human interface. We also discuss such issues as skill acquisition and its support systems. Furthermore, we consider a fundamental issue of individual differences occurring in every application of skill elucidation. Finally we introduce several attempts of skill elucidation in the fields of dancing, manufacturing, playing string instruments, sports science and medical care.

  15. Modern problems in the physical sciences (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 16 November 2011)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2012-06-01

    On 16 November 2011, the scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) was held at the conference hall at the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS.The agenda of the session announced on the RAS Physical Sciences Division website www.gpad.ac.ru included the following reports: (1) Schelev M Ya (Prokhorov General Physics Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Pico-femto-attosecond photoelectronics"; (2) Dal'karov O D (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "The physics of low-energy antiprotons and antimatter"; (3) Polukhina N G (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Nuclear track detection: advances and potential in astrophysics, particle physics, and applied research"; (4) Vedeneev S I (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "High-temperature superconductors in high and ultrahigh magnetic fields".Papers written on the base of reports 1, 3, and 4 are presented below. • Pico-femto-attosecond photoelectronics: looking through the lens of half a century, M Ya Shchelev Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 6, Pages 607-614 • Nuclear track detection: advances and potential in astrophysics, particle physics, and applied research, N G Polukhina Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 6, Pages 614-625 • High-temperature superconductors in high and ultrahigh magnetic fields, S I Vedeneev Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 6, Pages 625-632

  16. Physics/computer science. Passing messages between disciplines.

    PubMed

    Mézard, Marc

    2003-09-19

    Problems in computer science, such as error correction in information transfer and "satisfiability" in optimization, show phase transitions familiar from solid-state physics. In his Perspective, Mézard explains how recent advances in these three fields originate in similar "message passing" procedures. The exchange of elaborate messages between different variables and constraints, used in the study of phase transitions in physical systems, helps to make error correction and satisfiability codes more efficient. PMID:14500972

  17. West Virginia University 1 College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences

    E-print Network

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    West Virginia University 1 College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences Degrees Offered · Master of Science · Doctor of Philosophy The College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences is organized into two the College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences has two major areas: sport and exercise psychology

  18. West Virginia University 1 College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences

    E-print Network

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    West Virginia University 1 College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences Degrees Offered · Master of Science · Doctor of Education · Doctor of Philosophy The College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences education and physical education teacher education. The Department of Sport Sciences includes the programs

  19. College: College of Sciences Department: Physics Department CatalogExpires (10 yrs)

    E-print Network

    Walker, Lawrence R.

    College: College of Sciences Department: Physics Department CatalogExpires (10 yrs): Graduation (UNLV) Social Science Field1 Social Science Field2 Social Science Field3 Multicultural** Physics: Min - Max GeneralEducation: 33 - 42 Physics: 48 - 48 Related: 36 - 36 Electives: 3 - 0 Total Credits

  20. West Virginia University 1 College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences

    E-print Network

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    West Virginia University 1 College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences Degrees Offered · Master of Science · Doctor of Philosophy The College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences is organized into two through the College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences has two major areas: sport and exercise

  1. SDSU General Catalog 2015-2016 237 OFFICE: Physical Sciences 100 and 103

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    SDSU General Catalog 2015-2016 237 OFFICE: Physical Sciences 100 and 103 TELEPHONE: 619-594-5386 E), Sweedler (Physics/International Programs), Thorbjarnarson (Geological Sciences) Offered by the College is on the physical environmental sciences, some coursework is required in biology, computer science, geography

  2. "Active Science": Integrating Physical Activity and Science Learning into the Afterschool Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finn, Kevin E.; Yan, Zi; McInnis, Kyle J.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Afterschool programs offer significant opportunities to increase physical activity levels and improve academic performance of children. Purpose: This study assessed an innovative approach to embed physical activity into science lessons in an afterschool community setting. Methods: Participants were 47 boys and girls (age = 10.8 ± 0.7…

  3. Fighting for physics and Earth science in Florida's high schools

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cottle, Paul

    2009-11-01

    During its Spring 2009 session, the Florida Legislature considered a bill that would have suspended its comprehensive standardized test in high school science and substituted an end-of-course test in biology to satisfy the requirements of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act. By doing so, the bill would have further deemphasized high school physics and Earth science in a state where physics courses are sometimes not available in high schools (even in International Baccalaureate programs) and where the state's own statistics say that only 16% of high school graduates have taken a physics course. A group of about one hundred science faculty from thirteen colleges and universities in Florida responded with a letter to Governor Crist and visits to legislators asking that the biology-only provisions be defeated (and they were). The group has now produced a white paper on high school science requirements that has been distributed to government and business leaders and been publicized via op-ed pieces and news items in several media outlets statewide. This poster will describe the situation in Florida and the faculty group's efforts. It will also compare Florida's high school requirements in science with those in the other SESAPS states.

  4. Putting the “Spark” into Physical Science and Algebra

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dagenais, Andre; Pill, B.

    2006-12-01

    The presenters will describe a number of laboratory activities developed in collaboration with the Department of Electrical Engineering at the University of Delaware as part of their outreach program to help make math and science more authentic on the pre-college level. Lessons relating to electrical topics are often abstract and appropriate only for advanced students in math and science. We have devised lessons that rely on simple equipment. They promote skills that are included in National and State Standards. They emphasize the connections between math and science; they are appropriate for an algebra course, a physical science course, a PhysicsFirst course or a traditional physics course. Students benefit from seeing that what they learn in math and science courses can lead to cutting-edge work in areas such as passive wave imaging, photonics, wireless communication and high performance computing. The collaboration has been meaningful because it has motivated us to tailor our lessons to reflect what is happening in the research lab of our local university. Written materials for use in teacher training workshops will also be available. Funded by NSF Research Experience for Teachers(RET #0322633) program under the direction of Dr. Dennis Prather, University of Delaware Electrical Engineering

  5. Joint Tenure-Track Faculty Position in Exoplanetary Science Earth and Planetary Sciences and Physics Department, McGill University

    E-print Network

    Shoubridge, Eric

    Joint Tenure-Track Faculty Position in Exoplanetary Science Earth and Planetary Sciences and Physics Department, McGill University The Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences (www, astrobiology and atmospheric sciences in Earth and Planetary Science and other departments. We seek candidates

  6. REFLECTIONS ON PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY: Science and Scientists

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jortner, Joshua

    2006-05-01

    This is the story of a young person who grew up in Tel-Aviv during the period of the establishment of the State of Israel and was inspired to become a physical chemist by the cultural environment, by the excellent high-school education, and by having been trained by some outstanding scientists at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and, subsequently, by the intellectual environment and high-quality scientific endeavor at the University of Chicago. Since serving as the first chairman of the Chemistry Department of the newly formed Tel-Aviv University he has been immersed in research, in the training of young scientists, and in intensive and extensive international scientific collaboration. Together with the members of his "scientific family" he has explored the phenomena of energy acquisition, storage and disposal and structure-dynamics-function relations in large molecules, condensed phase, clusters and biomolecules, and is looking forward to many future adventures in physical chemistry. "What to leave out and what to put in? That's the problem." Hugh Lofting, Doctor Dolittle's Zoo, 1925

  7. Fulbright Opportunities in the Physical Sciences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dewindt, Katrin

    2013-03-01

    The Fulbright Scholar Program is sponsored by the United States Department of State and is principally funded by taxpayer contributions. Bi-national in nature, it includes academic year opportunities for both American and foreign scholars. More than 800 grants in 125 countries are available each year. The Program supports research, teaching and lecturing opportunities in all academic disciplines, numerous professional fields and the arts. American academics and administrators have multiple opportunities to internationalize their campuses and their discipline points of view. Further, Fulbright not only sends American scholars abroad but also brings scholars to the United States and should be considered a strategic internationalization opportunity both for individuals and for campuses. During the 2013-14 competition cycle there were 33 awards available in physics and astronomy and 175 all discipline awards. The presentation will guide attendees in identifying appropriate opportunities through the Fulbright Scholar Program and will make suggestions as to how to be successful in a proposal. Special attention will be given to opportunities available for specialists in physics. The workshop will also cover non-Core Fulbright Scholar opportunities for physicists and university administrators, including a number of short-term, innovative programs that send an additional 400 scholars from the United States to universities and research institutes abroad to offer expertise on issues of global interest from cutting-edge research to policy, to technical expertise in curriculum development, institutional planning, program assessment, and institutional capacity building.

  8. Increasing Participation of Female Students in Physical Science Class.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graham, Megan

    This study describes a program designed to increase participation and involvement of female students in physical science classrooms and laboratories. The setting for the study is a high school in a suburban middle class community adjacent to a metropolitan area in the Midwest. Evidence for the existence of the problem includes student involvement…

  9. Kinetic exchange models: From molecular physics to social science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Patriarca, Marco; Chakraborti, Anirban

    2013-08-01

    We discuss several multi-agent models that have their origin in the kinetic exchange theory of statistical mechanics and have been recently applied to a variety of problems in the social sciences. This class of models can be easily adapted for simulations in areas other than physics, such as the modeling of income and wealth distributions in economics and opinion dynamics in sociology.

  10. UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS FACULTY OF MATHEMATICS AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES

    E-print Network

    Haase, Markus

    UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS FACULTY OF MATHEMATICS AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES TAUGHT POSTGRADUATE ADMISSIONS of the University of Leeds, as outlined in the University of Leeds Taught Postgraduate Admissions Policy (downloadable from the University website at www.leeds.ac.uk/pgtadmissionspolicy) and should be considered

  11. Millikan Award Lecture (1998): Building a Science of Teaching Physics

    E-print Network

    Maryland at College Park, University of

    1998-01-01

    knowledge while education seems not to? In 1903, Robert Millikan published the first volume of a two volume1 Millikan Award Lecture (1998): Building a Science of Teaching Physics Edward F. Redish Department and laboratories are closely entwined. Priscilla Laws has already discussed Millikan's laboratory-based course

  12. Activities in planetary geology for the physical and earth sciences

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dalli, R.; Greeley, R.

    1982-01-01

    A users guide for teaching activities in planetary geology, and for physical and earth sciences is presented. The following topics are discussed: cratering; aeolian processes; planetary atmospheres, in particular the Coriolis Effect and storm systems; photogeologic mapping of other planets, Moon provinces and stratigraphy, planets in stereo, land form mapping of Moon, Mercury and Mars, and geologic features of Mars.

  13. Dr Skateboard's Action Science: Teaching Physics in Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robertson, William H.

    2009-01-01

    In order to create student interest and promote new connections to the understanding of fundamental physics concepts, there is a need for new approaches and methods that are both contemporary and relevant. Dr Skateboard's Action Science, a curriculum supplement comprising video instruction and classroom activities, is an example that focuses on…

  14. Programme Grants ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH COUNCIL

    E-print Network

    Edinburgh, University of

    Programme Grants ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH COUNCIL Susan Peacock, ICT Portfolio Manager #12;What is a Programme Grant? Programme grants are a flexible mechanism to provide funding grant gives leading researchers the stability of long-term funding allowing them the flexibility

  15. Mathematical, Physical and Life Sciences Division Department of Chemistry

    E-print Network

    Oxford, University of

    Mathematical, Physical and Life Sciences Division Department of Chemistry Expression of Interest to be hosted in the Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford Research Fellowships are an excellent way their independent research identity and become a chemistry research leader of the future. Funding for the most

  16. The Scripps Research Institute | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    The Scripps Research Institute Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (TSRI PS-OC) incorporates a trans-disciplinary effort from celebrated physicists and oncologists to pursue the mechanisms that regulate the survival of circulating tumor cells. These investigators will probe the biophysical factors implicated in the endurance of individual circulating tumor cells while in the blood stream and in their progression to metastatic disease.

  17. Using Soda Cans to Teach Physical Science Students about Density

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanger, Michael J.; Humphreys, Teari C.; LaPorte, Mark M.

    2009-01-01

    In this experiment, physical science students measured the mass of several soda cans, measured the mass and volume of water displaced when these cans were placed in water, and determined whether these cans sank or floated in water. Then, the students plotted graphs of the mass of displaced water versus the volume of displaced water, the mass of…

  18. Learning Activity Package, Physical Science 92, LAPs 1-9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, G. J.

    This set of nine teacher-prepared Learning Activity Packages (LAPs) for individualized instruction in physical science covers the topics of scientific equipment and procedures; measure of time, length, area, and volume; water; oxygen and oxidation; atmospheric pressure; motion; machines; carbon; and light and sound. Each unit contains a rationale…

  19. Life Science-Related Physics Laboratory on Geometrical Optics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, T. H.; And Others

    1975-01-01

    Describes a laboratory experiment on geometrical optics designed for life science majors in a noncalculus introductory physics course. The thin lens equation is used by the students to calculate the focal length of the lens necessary to correct a myopic condition in an optical bench simulation of a human eye. (Author/MLH)

  20. Linking of Errata: Current Practices in Online Physical Sciences Journals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poworoznek, Emily L.

    2003-01-01

    Discusses errata, or corrections, in scientific and biomedical journals and compares errata in online versions of high-impact physical sciences journals across titles and publishers. Results show variability in presentation, linking, and availability of online errata and recommends the development of standards for the linking of original articles…

  1. Learning Science-Based Fitness Knowledge in Constructivist Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sun, Haichun; Chen, Ang; Zhu, Xihe; Ennis, Catherine D.

    2012-01-01

    Teaching fitness-related knowledge has become critical in developing children's healthful living behavior. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a science-based, constructivist physical education curriculum on learning fitness knowledge critical to healthful living in elementary school students. The schools (N = 30) were randomly…

  2. Conceptual Integration of Chemical Equilibrium by Prospective Physical Sciences Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ganaras, Kostas; Dumon, Alain; Larcher, Claudine

    2008-01-01

    This article describes an empirical study concerning the mastering of the chemical equilibrium concept by prospective physical sciences teachers. The main objective was to check whether the concept of chemical equilibrium had become an integrating and unifying concept for them, that is to say an operational and functional knowledge to explain and…

  3. Plasma Physics PART Al: INTRODUCTION TO PLASMA SCIENCE

    E-print Network

    Chen, Francis F.

    Plasma Physics PART Al: INTRODUCTION TO PLASMA SCIENCE I. What is a plasma? 1 II. Plasma fundamentals 3 1. Quasineutrality and Debye length 2. Plasma frequency and acoustic velocity 3. Larmor radius; magnetic buckets Cross section data 21 PART A3: PLASMA SOURCES I IV. Introduction to plasma sources 25 1

  4. Anatomy of an Introductory Course in Physical Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arons, A. B.

    1972-01-01

    Describes a laboratory-based, individual-progression, introductory physical science course designed for elementary education majors and for meeting general education requirements. The course is designed to examine how we know and why we believe" and to convey some sense of the nature, successes, and limitations of scientific thought." (AL)

  5. Mariam Eljanne, Ph.D. | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    Dr. Mariam Eljanne serves as a Program Director for the Physical Sciences-Oncology Centers (PS-OC) initiative within the Division of Cancer Biology at the NCI. In this role, she oversees the scientific progress at different PS-OC Centers.

  6. Integrating the Physical Sciences Perspective to Open a New Frontier in Oncology meeting report | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    In February 2008, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) held the first of a series of three Think Tanks designed to explore how the fields of physics, mathematics, chemistry, and engineering could advance cancer research and clinical oncology by bringing fresh insights and new tools to some of the most challenging problems in cancer.Those workshops led to the creation of the Physical Sciences-Oncology Centers (PS-OC) program and the funding of 12 transdisciplinary Centers in September 2009.

  7. Developing a Space Physics Concept Inventory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Doxas, I.; Klymkowsky, M.; Garvin-Doxas, K.; Willis, C.

    2005-05-01

    Misconceptions are deep-seated models that students hold about the way the physical world works. They are an impediment to learning, and they can be best addressed with specifically designed instructional tools and methods. Mapping the dominant misconceptions in a field is critical for the development of research-based teaching and assessment tools in that field, because they make the most reliable distracters in multiple-choice instruments. This paper will describe how we use Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) with unsupervised clustering of the LSA vectors to identify and classify misconceptions in various science disciplines, will present previous results from Astronomy and Biology, and will describe current efforts to develop a Concept Inventory for Space Physics.

  8. Development and application of a two-tier multiple choice diagnostic instrument to assess high school students' understanding of inorganic chemistry qualitative analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tan, Kim Chwee Daniel; Khang Goh, Ngoh; Sai Chia, Lian; Treagust, David F.

    2002-04-01

    This article describes the development and application of a two-tier multiple choice diagnostic instrument to assess high school students' understanding of inorganic chemistry qualitative analysis. The development of the diagnostic instrument was guided by the framework outlined by Treagust. The instrument was administered to 915 Grade 10 students (15 to 17 years old) from 11 schools after they had learned the theory involved in qualitative analysis and after a series of qualitative analysis practical sessions. The Cronbach alpha reliability of the instrument was .68, the facility indices ranged from .17 to .48, and the discrimination indices ranged from .20 to .53. The study showed that the Grade 10 students had difficulty understanding the reactions involved in the identification of cations and anions, for example, double decomposition reactions, the formation and reaction of complex salts, and thermal decomposition. The findings of the study and literature on practical work were used to develop a qualitative analysis teaching package.

  9. Analysis of the benefits of designing and implementing a virtual didactic model of multiple choice exam and problem-solving heuristic report, for first year engineering students

    E-print Network

    Bennun, Leonardo

    2015-01-01

    Improvements in performance and approval obtained by first year engineering students from University of Concepcion, Chile, were studied, once a virtual didactic model of multiple-choice exam, was implemented. This virtual learning resource was implemented in the Web ARCO platform and allows training, by facing test models comparable in both time and difficulty to those that they will have to solve during the course. It also provides a feedback mechanism for both: 1) The students, since they can verify the level of their knowledge. Once they have finished the simulations, they can access a complete problem-solving heuristic report of each problem; 2) The teachers, since they can obtain information about the habits of the students in their strategies of preparation; and they also can diagnose the weaknesses of the students prior to the exam. This study indicates how this kind of preparation generates substantial improvements on the approval rates by allowing the students: 1) A more structured and oriented syste...

  10. A univariate analysis of variance design for multiple-choice feeding-preference experiments: A hypothetical example with fruit-eating birds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Larrinaga, Asier R.

    2010-01-01

    I consider statistical problems in the analysis of multiple-choice food-preference experiments, and propose a univariate analysis of variance design for experiments of this type. I present an example experimental design, for a hypothetical comparison of fruit colour preferences between two frugivorous bird species. In each fictitious trial, four trays each containing a known weight of artificial fruits (red, blue, black, or green) are introduced into the cage, while four equivalent trays are left outside the cage, to control for tray weight loss due to other factors (notably desiccation). The proposed univariate approach allows data from such designs to be analysed with adequate power and no major violations of statistical assumptions. Nevertheless, there is no single "best" approach for experiments of this type: the best analysis in each case will depend on the particular aims and nature of the experiments.

  11. Impacting university physics students through participation in informal science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hinko, Kathleen; Finkelstein, Noah D.

    2013-01-01

    Informal education programs organized by university physics departments are a popular means of reaching out to communities and satisfying grant requirements. The outcomes of these programs are often described in terms of broader impacts on the community. Comparatively little attention, however, has been paid to the influence of such programs on those students facilitating the informal science programs. Through Partnerships for Informal Science Education in the Community (PISEC) at the University of Colorado Boulder, undergraduate and graduate physics students coach elementary and middle school children during an inquiry-based science afterschool program. As part of their participation in PISEC, university students complete preparation in pedagogy, communication and diversity, engage with children on a weekly basis and provide regular feedback about the program. We present findings that indicate these experiences improve the ability of university students to communicate in everyday language and positively influence their perspectives on teaching and learning.

  12. Bachelor of Science in Medical Physics Program at Ryerson University

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Antimirova, Tetyana

    2006-12-01

    A new Bachelor of Science in Medical Physics program at Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario was launched in Fall 2006. The program builds on Ryerson’s strong existing capabilities in biomedical physics research. The program’s point of entry is the common first year during which all students in Biology, Chemistry, Contemporary Science and Medical Physics programs complete the foundation courses that include physics, calculus, biology, chemistry, and introduction to computing. In addition to the foundation courses, the first-year studies include an orientation course that supports the students in making a successful transition to university studies. The courses beyond the first year include such topics as radiation therapy, image analysis, medical diagnostics and computer modeling techniques. In the final year the students will undertake an independent, faculty-supervised thesis project in an area of personal research interest. Co-op and industrial internship options are available. Our program promotes natural interaction between physics, life sciences, mathematics and computing. The flexibility built into our curriculum will open a variety of career options for our graduates.

  13. Cognitive science and the connection between physics and mathematics

    E-print Network

    Mujumdar, Anshu Gupta

    2015-01-01

    The human mind is endowed with innate primordial perceptions such as space, distance, motion, change, flow of time, matter. The field of cognitive science argues that the abstract concepts of mathematics are not Platonic, but are built in the brain from these primordial perceptions, using what are known as conceptual metaphors. Known cognitive mechanisms give rise to the extremely precise and logical language of mathematics. Thus all of the vastness of mathematics, with its beautiful theorems, is human mathematics. It resides in the mind, and is not `out there'. Physics is an experimental science in which results of experiments are described in terms of concrete concepts - these concepts are also built from our primordial perceptions. The goal of theoretical physics is to describe the experimentally observed regularity of the physical world in an unambiguous, precise and logical manner. To do so, the brain resorts to the well-defined abstract concepts which the mind has metaphored from our primordial percepti...

  14. Biological and Physical Space Research Laboratory 2002 Science Review

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Curreri, P. A. (Editor); Robinson, M. B. (Editor); Murphy, K. L. (Editor)

    2003-01-01

    With the International Space Station Program approaching core complete, our NASA Headquarters sponsor, the new Code U Enterprise, Biological and Physical Research, is shifting its research emphasis from purely fundamental microgravity and biological sciences to strategic research aimed at enabling human missions beyond Earth orbit. Although we anticipate supporting microgravity research on the ISS for some time to come, our laboratory has been vigorously engaged in developing these new strategic research areas.This Technical Memorandum documents the internal science research at our laboratory as presented in a review to Dr. Ann Whitaker, MSFC Science Director, in July 2002. These presentations have been revised and updated as appropriate for this report. It provides a snapshot of the internal science capability of our laboratory as an aid to other NASA organizations and the external scientific community.

  15. Single Cell Measuring Device Identifies Key Physical Parameters of Metastatic Cancer | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    Scott Manalis, principal investigator of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (MIT PS-OC), led this research team, which published its findings in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Other senior members of the team included Tyler Jacks, senior scientific investigator of the MIT PS-OC, and Parag Mallick, of Stanford University and a project leader at the University of Southern California PS-OC.

  16. Physics Curriculum for Students Entering up through 2014 CMU / MCS Science Core

    E-print Network

    Nagle, John F.

    Physics Curriculum for Students Entering up through 2014 CMU / MCS Science Core All MCS students be completed in the first year. Physics Core All Physics majors take these Physics and Mathematics courses I 03-121: Modern Biology 33-111: Physics I for Science Students 33-131: Matter and Interactions I 33

  17. Master of Science Physics (PO 2014) ,,Specialization" as ,,Elective Advanced Lecture"

    E-print Network

    Dutz, Hartmut

    Master of Science Physics (PO 2014) ,,Specialization" as ,,Elective Advanced Lecture" In order the "specialisation" catalog in basis. physics62a: physics631, -632, -633, -634, -639, -640 physics62c: physics636 for the examination in basis that you select the correct category. German translation Master of Science Physik (PO

  18. Teaching the Teachers: Physical Science for the Non-Scientific

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Michels, D. J.; Pickert, S. M.; Montrose, C. J.; Thompson, J. L.

    2004-12-01

    The Catholic University of America, in collaboration with the Solar Physics Branch of the Naval Research Laboratory and the Goddard Space Flight Center, has begun development of an experimental, inquiry-driven and standards-referenced physical science course for undergraduate, pre-service K-8 teachers. The course is team-taught by faculty from the University's Departments of Education and Physics and NRL solar physics research personnel. Basic physical science concepts are taught in the context of the Sun and Sun-Earth Connections, through direct observation, web-based solar data, and images and movies from ongoing space missions. The Sun can illuminate, in ways that cannot be duplicated with comparable clarity in the laboratory, the basics of magnetic and gravitational force fields, Newton's Laws, and light and optics. The immediacy of the connection to ongoing space research and live mission data serves as well to inspire student interest and curiosity. Teaching objectives include pedagogical methods, especially hands-on and observational experiences appropriate to the physics content and the K-8 classroom. The CUA Program, called TOPS! (Top Teachers of Physical Science!) has completed its first year of classroom experience; the first few batches of Program graduates should be in K-8 classrooms in time to capitalize on the motivational opportunities offered by the 2007-2008 IHY and IPY. We present data on the attitudinal and scientific progress of fifteen pre-service Early Childhood and Elementary Education majors as they experienced, many for the first time, the marvels of attractive and repulsive forces, live observations of solar system dynamics, access to real-time satellite data and NASA educational resources.

  19. Physical Science A revitalization of the traditional course by avatars of Hollywood in the physics classroom

    E-print Network

    Efthimiou, C J

    2003-01-01

    National studies conducted over many years show that, while most Americans are interested in science and support federal funding of scientific research, the scientific literacy of the public is very low. Why this situation exists and who is responsible are not easy questions to answer. This paper describes a project aimed at addressing that problem, at least among college students, by re-designing the general education physical science course, common in most colleges and universities, to teach basic physics principles via the physics found in films, particularly the action films popular among today's students. Results of the first year's trial of the `Physics in Films' approach are more than promising, they may be pointing the way to the solution of the problem.

  20. Mathematical physics and science transfer (Celebrating the 50 years of the Institute of Theoretical Physics KU Leuven)

    E-print Network

    Maes, Christian

    Mathematical physics and science transfer (Celebrating the 50 years of the Institute of Theoretical mathematics has entered the natural sciences and physics in particular. Are the formal aspects Physics ­ KU Leuven) Since about all of its history the Institute has enjoyed three main research groups

  1. RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science Quantum Hadron Physics Laboratory

    E-print Network

    Fukai, Tomoki

    RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science Quantum Hadron Physics Laboratory Theoretical Science Laboratory Radioactive Isotope Physics Laboratory Spin Isospin Laboratory Nuclear Spectroscopy Team Cyclotron Team Beam Dynamics and Diagnostics Team Cryogenic Technology Team Infrastructure

  2. A physical sciences network characterization of non-tumorigenic and metastatic cells

    E-print Network

    Jacks, Tyler E.

    To investigate the transition from non-cancerous to metastatic from a physical sciences perspective, the Physical Sciences–Oncology Centers (PS-OC) Network performed molecular and biophysical comparative studies of the ...

  3. Physical Science Informatics: Providing Open Science Access to Microheater Array Boiling Experiment Data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    McQuillen, John; Green, Robert D.; Henrie, Ben; Miller, Teresa; Chiaramonte, Fran

    2014-01-01

    The Physical Science Informatics (PSI) system is the next step in this an effort to make NASA sponsored flight data available to the scientific and engineering community, along with the general public. The experimental data, from six overall disciplines, Combustion Science, Fluid Physics, Complex Fluids, Fundamental Physics, and Materials Science, will present some unique challenges. Besides data in textual or numerical format, large portions of both the raw and analyzed data for many of these experiments are digital images and video, requiring large data storage requirements. In addition, the accessible data will include experiment design and engineering data (including applicable drawings), any analytical or numerical models, publications, reports, and patents, and any commercial products developed as a result of the research. This objective of paper includes the following: Present the preliminary layout (Figure 2) of MABE data within the PSI database. Obtain feedback on the layout. Present the procedure to obtain access to this database.

  4. Developing the learning physical science curriculum: Adapting a small enrollment, laboratory and discussion based physical science course for large enrollments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goldberg, Fred; Price, Edward; Robinson, Stephen; Boyd-Harlow, Danielle; McKean, Michael

    2012-06-01

    We report on the adaptation of the small enrollment, lab and discussion based physical science course, Physical Science and Everyday Thinking (PSET), for a large-enrollment, lecture-style setting. Like PSET, the new Learning Physical Science (LEPS) curriculum was designed around specific principles based on research on learning to meet the needs of nonscience students, especially prospective and practicing elementary and middle school teachers. We describe the structure of the two curricula and the adaptation process, including a detailed comparison of similar activities from the two curricula and a case study of a LEPS classroom implementation. In LEPS, short instructor-guided lessons replace lengthier small group activities, and movies, rather than hands-on investigations, provide the evidence used to support and test ideas. LEPS promotes student peer interaction as an important part of sense making via “clicker” questions, rather than small group and whole class discussions typical of PSET. Examples of student dialog indicate that this format is capable of generating substantive student discussion and successfully enacting the design principles. Field-test data show similar student content learning gains with the two curricula. Nevertheless, because of classroom constraints, some important practices of science that were an integral part of PSET were not included in LEPS.

  5. Virtual vs. Physical Materials in Early Science Instruction: Transitioning to an Autonomous

    E-print Network

    Klahr, David

    Virtual vs. Physical Materials in Early Science Instruction: Transitioning to an Autonomous Tutor and effects of virtual materials vs. physical materials in early science instruction. In this paper we first- senting instructional materials in laboratory science. The advantages of computer- based science

  6. 78 FR 42111 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences #66; Notice of Meeting; Correction

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-15

    ..._ kcook@nsf.gov or Caleb Autrey, Science Assistant, Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences 66; Notice of Meeting; Correction SUMMARY:...

  7. The science house: The learning outreach project of the college of physical and mathematical sciences of North Carolina State University

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, M.C.; Haase, D.G.

    1994-12-31

    Teaching science is about ideas and doing things. The purpose of the Science House is to increase student enthusiasm for the sciences and to help teachers present challenging and stimulating science and mathematics classes. The Science House emphasizes hands-on laboratory experiences and the partnership of school teachers and university faculty to develop classes and materials for K-12 students. A major goal of the Science House is to provide a model for the interaction between the research university and public schools in providing quality science education for our children. Teacher workshops of the Science House include Countertop Chemistry, Physics From the Junk Drawer, Digging Into Earth Science, Hands-On Mathematics, The Science of Astronomy, Integrating Math and Science, and Using Computers in the Lab. Other activities of the Science House include Physics on the Road - a traveling physics demonstration program visiting schools around North Carolina, the Imhotep Academy - a Saturday learning experience for students in grades 6-10 with the goal of increasing the pool of African-American students pursuing careers in science and mathematics, the Howard Hughes Pre-College Science Program - a program whose purpose is to assist a group of biology, chemistry, and physics teachers in learning new teaching technologies and to develop interdisciplinary teaching modules, and Team Science - a program whose purpose is to provide physics and chemistry students in rural schools the same learning opportunities available to their peers in the metropolitan schools of North Carolina.

  8. QFT In Physical Systems: Condensed Matter to Life Sciences

    E-print Network

    A. N. Mitra

    2011-08-01

    A panoramic view is given of the applications of QFT to diverse areas of physics, beginning with the concepts of QED Vacuum as well as of electron self-energy and renormalization. The related concepts of the degenerate vacuum, spontaneous symmetry breaking (SSB)and Nambu-Goldstone bosons, together with their applications to condensed matter physics and quasi particles are outlined. The possibilities of application to life sciences are also examined. Finally the alternative method of Path integrals for introducing QFT is briefly indicated.

  9. Scientific Research in British Universities and Colleges 1969-70, Volume I, Physical Sciences.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Education and Science, London (England).

    This annual publication (1969-1970) contains brief statements about current research in the physical sciences being conducted at British universities and colleges. Areas included are chemistry, physics, engineering, biochemistry, biometry, biophysics, physical geography, mathematics, computing science, and history and philosophy of science. (CP)

  10. West Virginia University 1 College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences

    E-print Network

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    West Virginia University 1 College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences Degree Offered · Bachelor of Science Nature of Program Students in athletic coaching education, athletic training, physical offered in the College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences (CPASS) include athletic training, athletic

  11. Bachelor of Science, Physics, Secondary Education, 2012-2013 Name ID# Date

    E-print Network

    Barrash, Warren

    Bachelor of Science, Physics, Secondary Education, 2012-2013 Name ID# Date General Degree Sciences, Chemistry, Earth Science, or Mathematics. Single Field Endorsement in Physics (To total 46 to 48, 211L Physics I with Calculus & Lab DLV Visual and Performing Arts DLL PHIL 101 Knowledge and Reality

  12. NATURE PHYSICS | VOL 8 | NOVEMBER 2012 | www.nature.com/naturephysics 773 The sciences converge to

    E-print Network

    Loss, Daniel

    NATURE PHYSICS | VOL 8 | NOVEMBER 2012 | www.nature.com/naturephysics 773 commentary The sciences converge to fight cancer David B. Agus and Franziska Michor The Physical Sciences­Oncology Centers are entering a time for the convergence and unity of all sciences. The merging of engineering, physics

  13. The Different Worlds Of High School Biology And Physical Science Teachers (SLCSP 139a)

    E-print Network

    Cobern, William W.

    The Different Worlds Of High School Biology And Physical Science Teachers (SLCSP 139a) Paper with respect to the essence of nature were examined. Two biology and two physical science teachers individually finding was that the physical science and biology teachers had considerably different conceptualizations

  14. Physics Lectures and Laboratories. A Model To Improve Preservice Elementary Science Teacher Development. Volume II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dresser, Miles

    A group of scientists and science educators has developed and pilot tested an integrated physical science program designed for preservice elementary school teachers. This document includes the syllabus and class materials for the Physics block of the physical science courses developed by the group. Included are diagrams, lecture notes, homework…

  15. Physics teacher use of the history of science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Winrich, Charles

    The School of Education and the Department of Physics at Boston University offer a sequence of 10 two-credit professional development courses through the Improving the Teaching of Physics (ITOP) project. The ITOP courses combine physics content, readings from the physics education research (PER) literature, and the conceptual history of physics (CHOP). ITOP participants self-report changes to their teaching practices as a result of their participation in ITOP. The purpose of this study was to verify and characterize those changes in the specific area of the participants' use of history after their study of CHOP. Ten recent ITOP participants were observed, interviewed, and asked to provide lesson plans and samples of student work from their classes. Case studies of each participant's teaching were constructed from the data. The individual cases were synthesized to characterize the impact of CHOP on the ITOP participants. The results show that the participants integrate CHOP into their pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) to inform their understanding of: (1) the relationship between physics and other disciplines, (2) the relationship between specific physics concepts, (3) student understanding of physics concepts, (4) student difficulties in learning physics concepts, and (5) methods for teaching physics concepts. The participants use history to teach a variety of topics, although the most common were mechanics and electromagnetism. All of the participants used history to teach aspects of the nature of science (NOS) and to increase student interest in physics, while eight participants taught physics concepts through history. The predominant mode of incorporating history was through adding anecdotes about the scientists who worked on the concepts, but seven participants had their students study the historical development of physical concepts. All the participants discussed a lack of time as a factor that inhibits a greater use of history in their courses. Eight participants discussed a lack of appropriate resources for using history in high school physics classes. Two participants said they did not feel that explicit study of the history of physics would benefit their students until they had better mastery of physics concepts.

  16. Physical Computing and Its Scope--Towards a Constructionist Computer Science Curriculum with Physical Computing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Przybylla, Mareen; Romeike, Ralf

    2014-01-01

    Physical computing covers the design and realization of interactive objects and installations and allows students to develop concrete, tangible products of the real world, which arise from the learners' imagination. This can be used in computer science education to provide students with interesting and motivating access to the different topic…

  17. New Technique Measures Key Physical Properties of Single Cells | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    A team of investigators from The Scripps Research Institute Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (TSRI PS-OC) has developed a technique that can determine weight based on appearance. The optical imaging technique, called tomographic bright field imaging (TBFI), can be used in various scientific research settings and has the potential to directly impact blood cell research in cancer patients.

  18. Are Grades 10-12 Physical Sciences Teachers Equipped to Teach Physics?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basson, Ilsa; Kriek, Jeanne

    2012-01-01

    South African schools have been confronted with educational reform since the mid-nineties and the process is still continuing. The concomitant changes put a very high demand on physical sciences teachers and also have an impact on teacher behaviour. The purpose of this study was to probe whether teachers could be considered equipped to teach the…

  19. Physics Today Physics of the Future: How Science Will Shape Human Destiny and Our Daily

    E-print Network

    How Science Will Shape Human Destiny and Our Daily Lives by the Year 2100 Michio Kaku Doubleday, New York, 2011. $28.95 (389 pp.). ISBN 978-0-385-53080-4 Michio Kaku's latest book, Physics of the Future into how our world will. Kaku explores this observation through interviews with "more than 300 of the world

  20. Physical Sciences Facility Air Emission Control Equivalency Evaluation

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, David M.; Belew, Shan T.

    2008-10-17

    This document presents the adequacy evaluation for the application of technology standards during design, fabrication, installation and testing of radioactive air exhaust systems at the Physical Sciences Facility (PSF), located on the Horn Rapids Triangle north of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) complex. The analysis specifically covers the exhaust portion of the heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems associated with emission units EP-3410-01-S, EP-3420-01-S and EP 3430-01-S.

  1. Some Malignant Cells Are Born Leaders | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    Thanks to some clever tissue engineering to create a three-dimensional model of a breast tumor, researchers at the Cornell University Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (Cornell PS-OC) have shown that metastatic tumor cells are able to recruit non-metastatic cells to collectively invade the extracellular matrix that surrounds a tumor. These results suggest that different cell types in a tumor may cooperate to invade surrounding tissues and lead to the development of metastatic disease.

  2. Predicting How Fast Cells Move | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    By carefully studying the clusters of proteins (focal adhesions) that help cells adhere to surfaces, two investigators from the Johns Hopkins University Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (Johns Hopkins PS-OC) have uncovered a relationship between the size of these clusters and the speed at which cells moves. Denis Wirtz, Johns Hopkins PS-OC principle investigator, and graduate student Dong-Hwee Kim. The results of their studies are published in The FASEB Journal.

  3. The Methodist Hospital Research Institute | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    The Methodist Hospital Research Institute Physical Sciences-Oncology Center evaluates the process of mass transport in cancer to generate novel methods to improve diagnosis and treatment of cancer. This center focuses on hepatic, breast, colorectal, and pancreatic primary cancers as well on liver metastasis of the last three conditions. The investigators show that transport differentials are very important in the ability to efficiently treat malignancies.

  4. Sean E. Hanlon, Ph.D. | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    Dr. Sean E. Hanlon is a molecular biologist and genomicist with an emphasis on problems in chromatin organization, epigenetics, and transcriptional regulation. Dr. Hanlon currently serves as a Program Director for the Physical Sciences-Oncology Network (PS-ON) within the Division of Cancer Biology (DCB) at the NCI. In this role, he assists in the scientific management and oversight of the PS-ON by identifying synergistic opportunities and fostering collaborations. Dr.

  5. Mathematics Probes Evolution of Breast Cancer | Physical Sciences in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    Using a complex mathematical model that reproduces the evolution of mutations in breast cancer, researchers at the Dana Farber Cancer Institute Physical Sciences-Oncology Center have identified a plausible mechanism that explains the unusual genetics of hereditary breast cancers and those that arise sporadically. The investigators, Franziska Michor and graduate student Laura de Vargas Roditi, published their findings in the Journal of Theoretical Biology.

  6. Department of Crop and Soil Sciences PhD Graduate Research Assistantship: Soil Science/Soil Quality/Soil Physics

    E-print Network

    Flury, Markus

    Department of Crop and Soil Sciences PhD Graduate Research Assistantship: Soil Science/Soil Quality/Soil Physics Position Summary: Plastic mulches are used in agriculture to conserve water, suppress Qualifications: · MS in Soil Science, Environmental Science, Environmental Engineering, or closely related field

  7. Solar and Space Physics: A Science for a Technological Society

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2013-01-01

    From the interior of the Sun, to the upper atmosphere and near-space environment of Earth, and outward to a region far beyond Pluto where the Sun's influence wanes, advances during the past decade in space physics and solar physics the disciplines NASA refers to as heliophysics have yielded spectacular insights into the phenomena that affect our home in space. This report, from the National Research Council's (NRC's) Committee for a Decadal Strategy in Solar and Space Physics, is the second NRC decadal survey in heliophysics. Building on the research accomplishments realized over the past decade, the report presents a program of basic and applied research for the period 2013-2022 that will improve scientific understanding of the mechanisms that drive the Sun's activity and the fundamental physical processes underlying near-Earth plasma dynamics, determine the physical interactions of Earth's atmospheric layers in the context of the connected Sun-Earth system, and enhance greatly the capability to provide realistic and specific forecasts of Earth's space environment that will better serve the needs of society. Although the recommended program is directed primarily to NASA (Science Mission Directorate -- Heliophysics Division) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) (Directorate for Geosciences -- Atmospheric and Geospace Sciences) for action, the report also recommends actions by other federal agencies, especially the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) those parts of NOAA charged with the day-to-day (operational) forecast of space weather. In addition to the recommendations included in this summary, related recommendations are presented in the main text of the report.

  8. Nuclear Physics Science Network Requirements Workshop, May 2008 - Final Report

    SciTech Connect

    Tierney, Ed., Brian L; Dart, Ed., Eli; Carlson, Rich; Dattoria, Vince; Ernest, Michael; Hitchcock, Daniel; Johnston, William; Kowalski, Andy; Lauret, Jerome; Maguire, Charles; Olson, Douglas; Purschke, Martin; Rai, Gulshan; Watson, Chip; Vale, Carla

    2008-11-10

    The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is the primary provider of network connectivity for the US Department of Energy Office of Science, the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States of America. In support of the Office of Science programs, ESnet regularly updates and refreshes its understanding of the networking requirements of the instruments, facilities, scientists, and science programs that it serves. This focus has helped ESnet to be a highly successful enabler of scientific discovery for over 20 years. In May 2008, ESnet and the Nuclear Physics (NP) Program Office of the DOE Office of Science organized a workshop to characterize the networking requirements of the science programs funded by the NP Program Office. Most of the key DOE sites for NP related work will require significant increases in network bandwidth in the 5 year time frame. This includes roughly 40 Gbps for BNL, and 20 Gbps for NERSC. Total transatlantic requirements are on the order of 40 Gbps, and transpacific requirements are on the order of 30 Gbps. Other key sites are Vanderbilt University and MIT, which will need on the order of 20 Gbps bandwidth to support data transfers for the CMS Heavy Ion program. In addition to bandwidth requirements, the workshop emphasized several points in regard to science process and collaboration. One key point is the heavy reliance on Grid tools and infrastructure (both PKI and tools such as GridFTP) by the NP community. The reliance on Grid software is expected to increase in the future. Therefore, continued development and support of Grid software is very important to the NP science community. Another key finding is that scientific productivity is greatly enhanced by easy researcher-local access to instrument data. This is driving the creation of distributed repositories for instrument data at collaborating institutions, along with a corresponding increase in demand for network-based data transfers and the tools to manage those transfers effectively. Network reliability is also becoming more important as there is often a narrow window between data collection and data archiving when transfer and analysis can be done. The instruments do not stop producing data, so extended network outages can result in data loss due to analysis pipeline stalls. Finally, as the scope of collaboration continues to increase, collaboration tools such as audio and video conferencing are becoming ever more critical to the productivity of scientific collaborations.

  9. College: College of Sciences Department: Physics Department Catalog Expires (10 yrs)

    E-print Network

    Walker, Lawrence R.

    College: College of Sciences Department: Physics Department Catalog Expires (10 yrs): Graduation College of Sciences Advising Center, MPE A-130; sci.advising@unlv.edu; 702-895-2077 BS PHYSICS, BS PHYSICS: Min - Max General Education: 33 - 42 Physics: 33 - 33 Related: 39 - 39 Electives: 15 - 13 Total

  10. Fantastic Physics: Developing an Early Interest in Science. A Preschool Science Curriculum.(4 Year Old Curriculum).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Summer, Gail L.; Giovannini, Kathleen

    Using hands-on activities and the "Plan, Do, Review" approach, this physics curriculum for 4-year-olds is designed to develop an early interest in and enthusiasm for science and to excite children about learning in general. The curriculum is designed to be implemented biweekly in preschool or child care programs but may also be presented at a…

  11. A DIRECTORY OF INFORMATION RESOURCES IN THE UNITED STATES. PHYSICAL SCIENCES, BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, ENGINEERING.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

    SOURCES OF INFORMATION FOR BIOLOGICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING ARE LISTED. THEY INCLUDE--(1) LIBRARIES, (2) CENTRALIZED INFORMATION CENTERS, (3) PROFESSIONAL SOCIETIES AND OTHER SPECIALIZING ORGANIZATIONS, (4) INDUSTRIAL FIRMS, (5) GOVERNMENTAL AGENCIES OR OFFICES, AND (6) OTHER INFORMATION SOURCES WHICH MAKE SCIENTIFIC AND…

  12. 75 FR 6651 - Office of Science; High Energy Physics Advisory Panel

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-10

    ...ENERGY Office of Science; High Energy Physics Advisory Panel AGENCY: Department of...announces a meeting of the High Energy Physics Advisory Panel (HEPAP). Federal Advisory...Kogut, Executive Secretary; High Energy Physics Advisory Panel; U.S. Department...

  13. Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences BUDKER INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS

    E-print Network

    Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences BUDKER INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS ANNUAL REPORT 2010 NOVOSIBIRSK 2011 #12;Contents Introduction 7 1. Physics of Elementary Particles...............................................................................32 1.9.2 Physical results

  14. A Physics of Semiconductors Concept Inventory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ene, Emanuela; Bruce J. Ackerson Collaboration; Alan Cheville Collaboration

    2011-03-01

    Following the trend in science and engineering education generated by the visible impact that the Force Concept Inventory (FCI) has created, a Physics of Semiconductors Concept Inventory (PSCI) has been developed. Whereas most classroom tests measure how many facts students can remember, or if they can manipulate equations, PSCI measures how well students interpret concepts and how well they can infer new knowledge from already learned knowledge. Operationalized in accordance with the revised Bloom's taxonomy, the multiple--choice items of the PSCI address the ``understand'', ``apply'', ``analyze'' and ``evaluate'' levels of cognition. Once standardized, PSCI may be used as a predictor for students' academic performance in the field of semiconductors and as an assessment instrument for instructional strategies.

  15. Exploring Clinical Reasoning Strategies and Test-Taking Behaviors During Clinical Vignette Style Multiple-Choice Examinations: A Mixed Methods Study

    PubMed Central

    Heist, Brian Sanjay; Gonzalo, Jed David; Durning, Steven; Torre, Dario; Elnicki, David Michael

    2014-01-01

    Background Clinical vignette multiple-choice questions (MCQs) are widely used in medical education, but clinical reasoning (CR) strategies employed when approaching these questions have not been well described. Objectives The aims of the study were (1) to identify CR strategies and test-taking (TT) behaviors of physician trainees while solving clinical vignette MCQs; and (2) to examine the relationships between CR strategies and behaviors, and performance on a high-stakes clinical vignette MCQ examination. Methods Thirteen postgraduate year–1 level trainees completed 6 clinical vignette MCQs using a think-aloud protocol. Thematic analysis employing elements of grounded theory was performed on data transcriptions to identify CR strategies and TT behaviors. Participants' CR strategies and TT behaviors were then compared with their US Medical Licensing Examination Step 2 Clinical Knowledge scores. Results Twelve CR strategies and TT behaviors were identified. Individuals with low performance on Step 2 Clinical Knowledge demonstrated increased premature closure and increased faulty knowledge, and showed comparatively less ruling out of alternatives or admission of knowledge deficits. High performers on Step 2 Clinical Knowledge demonstrated increased ruling out of alternatives and admission of knowledge deficits, and less premature closure, faulty knowledge, or closure prior to reading the alternatives. Conclusions Different patterns of CR strategies and TT behaviors may be used by high and low performers during high-stakes clinical vignette MCQ examinations. PMID:26140123

  16. Implications of computer science principles for quantum physics

    E-print Network

    Ariel Bendersky; Gonzalo de la Torre; Gabriel Senno; Santiago Figueira; Antonio Acin

    2014-07-02

    The Church-Turing thesis is one of the pillars of computer science; it postulates that every classical system has equivalent computability power to the so-called Turing machine. While this thesis is crucial for our understanding of computing devices, its implications in other scientific fields have hardly been explored. Here we start this research programme in the context of quantum physics and show that computer science laws have profound implications for some of the most fundamental results of the theory. We first show how they question our knowledge on what a mixed quantum state is, as we identify situations in which ensembles of quantum states defining the same mixed state, indistinguishable according to the quantum postulates, do become distinguishable when prepared by a computer. We also show a new loophole for Bell-like experiments: if some of the parties in a Bell-like experiment use a computer to decide which measurements to make, then the computational resources of an eavesdropper have to be limited in order to have a proper observation of non-locality. Our work opens a new direction in the search for a framework unifying computer science and quantum physics.

  17. Students' epistemologies about experimental physics: Validating the Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey for Experimental Physics

    E-print Network

    Wilcox, Bethany R

    2015-01-01

    Student learning in instructional physics labs represents a growing area of research that includes investigations of students' beliefs and expectations about the nature of experimental physics. To directly probe students' epistemologies about experimental physics and support broader lab transformation efforts at the University of Colorado Boulder (CU) and elsewhere, we developed the Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey for Experimental Physics (E-CLASS). Previous work with this assessment has included establishing the accuracy and clarity of the instrument through student interviews and preliminary testing. Several years of data collection at multiple institutions has resulted in a growing national data set of student responses. Here, we report on results of the analysis of these data to investigate the statistical validity and reliability of the E-CLASS as a measure of students' epistemologies for a broad student population. We find that the E-CLASS demonstrates an acceptable level of both validi...

  18. Laboratory for Nuclear Science. High Energy Physics Program

    SciTech Connect

    Milner, Richard

    2014-07-30

    High energy and nuclear physics research at MIT is conducted within the Laboratory for Nuclear Science (LNS). Almost half of the faculty in the MIT Physics Department carry out research in LNS at the theoretical and experimental frontiers of subatomic physics. Since 2004, the U.S. Department of Energy has funded the high energy physics research program through grant DE-FG02-05ER41360 (other grants and cooperative agreements provided decades of support prior to 2004). The Director of LNS serves as PI. The grant supports the research of four groups within LNS as “tasks” within the umbrella grant. Brief descriptions of each group are given here. A more detailed report from each task follows in later sections. Although grant DE-FG02-05ER41360 has ended, DOE continues to fund LNS high energy physics research through five separate grants (a research grant for each of the four groups, as well as a grant for AMS Operations). We are pleased to continue this longstanding partnership.

  19. ASP2012: Fundamental Physics and Accelerator Sciences in Africa

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Darve, Christine

    2012-02-01

    Much remains to be done to improve education and scientific research in Africa. Supported by the international scientific community, our initiative has been to contribute to fostering science in sub-Saharan Africa by establishing a biennial school on fundamental subatomic physics and its applications. The school is based on a close interplay between theoretical, experimental, and applied physics. The lectures are addressed to students or young researchers with at least a background of 4 years of university formation. The aim of the school is to develop capacity, interpret, and capitalize on the results of current and future physics experiments with particle accelerators; thereby spreading education for innovation in related applications and technologies, such as medicine and information science. Following the worldwide success of the first school edition, which gathered 65 students for 3-week in Stellenbosch (South Africa) in August 2010, the second edition will be hosted in Ghana from July 15 to August 4, 2012. The school is a non-profit organization, which provides partial or full financial support to 50 of the selected students, with priority to Sub-Saharan African students.

  20. Forming Modern Citizens in the 1960s: Comparative Analysis of Teaching in Natural Sciences, Physical Sciences and Physical Education throughout France

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Attali, Michael; Guedj-Chauchard, Muriel; Saint-Martin, Jean; Savaton, Pierre

    2011-01-01

    Reforms made to France's education system structures during the 1960s resulted in a repositioning of academic subjects within study plans. This article looks at three relatively similar subjects (physical sciences, natural sciences and physical education) and throws light on the arguments put forward to defend the purpose of each of them in the…

  1. The Science on Saturday Program at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bretz, N.; Lamarche, P.; Lagin, L.; Ritter, C.; Carroll, D. L.

    1996-11-01

    The Science on Saturday Program at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory consists of a series of Saturday morning lectures on various topics in science by scientists, engineers, educators, and others with an interesting story. This program has been in existence for over twelve years and has been advertised to and primarily aimed at the high school level. Topics ranging from superconductivity to computer animation and gorilla conservation to pharmaceutical design have been covered. Lecturers from the staff of Princeton, Rutgers, AT and T, Bristol Meyers Squibb, and many others have participated. Speakers have ranged from Nobel prize winners, astronauts, industrialists, educators, engineers, and science writers. Typically, there are eight to ten lectures starting in January. A mailing list has been compiled for schools, science teachers, libraries, and museums in the Princeton area. For the past two years AT and T has sponsored buses for Trenton area students to come to these lectures and an effort has been made to publicize the program to these students. The series has been very popular, frequently overfilling the 300 seat PPPL auditorium. As a result, the lectures are videotaped and broadcast to a large screen TV for remote viewing. Lecturers are encouraged to interact with the audience and ample time is provided for questions.

  2. Physical sciences research plans for the International Space Station

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Trinh, E. H.

    2003-01-01

    The restructuring of the research capabilities of the International Space Station has forced a reassessment of the Physical Sciences research plans and a re-targeting of the major scientific thrusts. The combination of already selected peer-reviewed flight investigations with the initiation of new research and technology programs will allow the maximization of the ISS scientific and technological potential. Fundamental and applied research will use a combination of ISS-based facilities, ground-based activities, and other experimental platforms to address issues impacting fundamental knowledge, industrial and medical applications on Earth, and the technology required for human space exploration. The current flight investigation research plan shows a large number of principal investigators selected to use the remaining planned research facilities. c2003 American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Biographical Sources in the Sciences--Life, Earth and Physical Sciences (1989-2006). LC Science Tracer Bullet. TB 06-4

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freitag, Ruth, Comp.; Bradley, Michelle Cadoree, Comp.

    2006-01-01

    This guide offers a systematic approach to the wide variety of published biographical information on men and women of science in the life, earth and physical sciences, primarily from 1989 to 2006, and complements Library of Congress Science Tracer Bullet "TB88-3" ("Biographical Sources in the Sciences," compiled 1988 [ED306074]) and "TB06-7"…

  4. Mobility and diffusivity in a generalized Frenkel-Kontorova model of Physics, the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences, 46 Science Avenue, UA-252022 Kiev, Ukraine

    E-print Network

    Dauxois, Thierry

    ¡ of Physics, the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences, 46 Science Avenue, UA-252022 Kiev, Ukraine and of Sciences, 46 Science Avenue, UA-252022 Kiev, Ukraine Michel Peyrard Laboratoire de Physique, Ecole Normale

  5. The Science Shop for Physics: an interface between practical problems in society and physical knowledge

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van den Berg, G. P.

    1998-03-01

    Since some 20 years most Dutch universities have one or more science shops. Central shops handle research questions for all disciplines. Specialized shops are part of a department of chemistry or medicine, history, social science, etc. The shops have evolved rather differently, but their main mission still is to help social groups that lack money and have no easy access to scientific knowledge, e.g. neighbourhood, environmental, third world or patient groups. Most also help non-commercial organizations such as schools, trade unions or local authorities. Low-cost help can be provided because students do the work as part of their training, mainly in student projects (literature search, practical work, graduation, etc.). A total staff of 80, helped by 600 students, 250 voluntary and 50 paid researchers, handle 1500 questions resulting in 300 reports (estimated figures 1995). Science shops for physics (`Physics Shop', PS) have to deal with practical problems, generally involving classical physics. Major topics are noise, vibration, radiation, indoor climate and energy: most of the work lies in estimating/measuring relevant parameters, assessing impact, seeking solutions. The 3 Dutch PS's have developed in different directions. One is run entirely by students and deals with small, concrete problems. The second PS is managed by a co-ordinator who mediates between client groups and physics staff members who assist students in small and larger projects. The third has a lot of in-house expertise, and the shop staff is in direct contact with client groups as well as students who work in the PS itself. In questions submitted to the PS it is not always immediately clear what to do or how to do it because of the non-scientific phrasing of the problems and problems include non-physical (e.g. technical, health or legal) aspects. Also, difficulties in solving the problems are typically not in the underlying physics, but in the lack of accurate data and of control of the complex environment. However, these very aspects are important from an educational point of view. Through these problems students (and physicists) may gain more insight into how lay people percieve and make use of science, and into the position of science in relation to other ways in which people try to understand their world.

  6. Numerical Data Advisory Board assembly of mathematial and physical sciences

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-07-30

    The Numerical Data Advisory Board (NDAB) is an advisory body that provides expert overview, on a broad basis, of data needs and data programs as required for the advancement of science and technology. Board members, representing various disciplines, concern themselves with the quality, reliability, availability, accessibility, and dissemination of numerical data in physical, chemical, engineering, and interdisciplinary subjects as well as numeric and non-numeric data that arise in biology and geology. Topics of concern are addressed by the NDAB membership, or by specific, carefully chosen committees and panels established by NDAB in order to include experts appropriate to the subject at hand.

  7. Loop calculus in statistical physics and information science.

    PubMed

    Chertkov, Michael; Chernyak, Vladimir Y

    2006-06-01

    Considering a discrete and finite statistical model of a general position we introduce an exact expression for the partition function in terms of a finite series. The leading term in the series is the Bethe-Peierls (belief propagation) (BP) contribution; the rest are expressed as loop contributions on the factor graph and calculated directly using the BP solution. The series unveils a small parameter that often makes the BP approximation so successful. Applications of the loop calculus in statistical physics and information science are discussed. PMID:16906891

  8. Bringing the physical sciences into your cell biology research.

    PubMed

    Robinson, Douglas N; Iglesias, Pablo A

    2012-11-01

    Historically, much of biology was studied by physicists and mathematicians. With the advent of modern molecular biology, a wave of researchers became trained in a new scientific discipline filled with the language of genes, mutants, and the central dogma. These new molecular approaches have provided volumes of information on biomolecules and molecular pathways from the cellular to the organismal level. The challenge now is to determine how this seemingly endless list of components works together to promote the healthy function of complex living systems. This effort requires an interdisciplinary approach by investigators from both the biological and the physical sciences. PMID:23112230

  9. Division of Physical Sciences Training in the Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) Effective Summer 2010

    E-print Network

    Division of Physical Sciences Training in the Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) Effective will be supported by NSF to conduct research." To meet this new NSF certification requirement, the Physical Sciences through the Biological Science division. #12;Post-doctoral Researchers: RCR training will be required

  10. The Material Co-Construction of Hard Science Fiction and Physics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hasse, Cathrine

    2015-01-01

    This article explores the relationship between hard science fiction and physics and a gendered culture of science. Empirical studies indicate that science fiction references might spur some students' interest in physics and help develop this interest throughout school, into a university education and even further later inspire the practice of…

  11. Lingyu Wan, PhD Department of Physics, Science, and Technology

    E-print Network

    Salvaggio, Carl

    Lingyu Wan, PhD Professor Department of Physics, Science, and Technology GXU-NAOC Center Mechanics, Academia Sinica, Shanghai, China. Now, she is a professor of department of physics science for Astrophysics and Space science Guangxi University, Nanning, China Dr. Lingyu Wan was born in Lingchuan, China

  12. Physics Myth Busting: A Lab-Centered Course for Non-Science Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madsen, Martin John

    2011-01-01

    There is ongoing interest in how and what we teach in physics courses for non-science students, so-called "physics for poets" courses. Art Hobson has effectively argued that teaching science literacy should be a key ingredient in these courses. Hobson uses Jon Millers definition of science literacy, which has two components: first, "a basic…

  13. Deriving Accessible Science Books for the Blind Students of Physics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kouroupetroglou, Georgios; Kacorri, Hernisa

    2010-01-01

    We present a novel integrated methodology for the development and production of accessible physics and science books from the elementary up to tertiary educational levels. This language independent approach adopts the Design-for-All principles, the available international standards for alternative formats and the Universal Design for Learning (UDL) Guidelines. Moreover it supports both static (embossed and refreshable tactile) and dynamic (based on synthetic speech and other sounds) accessibility. It can produce Tactile Books (Embossed Braille and Tactile Graphics), Digital Talking Books (or Digital Audio Books), Large Print Books as well as Acoustic-Tactile Books for the blind and visually impaired students as well as but for the print-disabled. This methodology has been successfully applied in the case of blind students of the Physics, Mathematics and Informatics Departments in the University of Athens.

  14. Experimental Physical Sciences Vistas: MaRIE (draft)

    SciTech Connect

    Shlachter, Jack

    2010-09-08

    To achieve breakthrough scientific discoveries in the 21st century, a convergence and integration of world-leading experimental facilities and capabilities with theory, modeling, and simulation is necessary. In this issue of Experimental Physical Sciences Vistas, I am excited to present our plans for Los Alamos National Laboratory's future flagship experimental facility, MaRIE (Matter-Radiation Interactions in Extremes). MaRIE is a facility that will provide transformational understanding of matter in extreme conditions required to reduce or resolve key weapons performance uncertainties, develop the materials needed for advanced energy systems, and transform our ability to create materials by design. Our unique role in materials science starting with the Manhattan Project has positioned us well to develop a contemporary materials strategy pushing the frontiers of controlled functionality - the design and tailoring of a material for the unique demands of a specific application. Controlled functionality requires improvement in understanding of the structure and properties of materials in order to synthesize and process materials with unique characteristics. In the nuclear weapons program today, improving data and models to increase confidence in the stockpile can take years from concept to new knowledge. Our goal with MaRIE is to accelerate this process by enhancing predictive capability - the ability to compute a priori the observables of an experiment or test and pertinent confidence intervals using verified and validated simulation tools. It is a science-based approach that includes the use of advanced experimental tools, theoretical models, and multi-physics codes, simultaneously dealing with multiple aspects of physical operation of a system that are needed to develop an increasingly mature predictive capability. This same approach is needed to accelerate improvements to other systems such as nuclear reactors. MaRIE will be valuable to many national security science challenges. Our first issue of Vistas focused on our current national user facilities (the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center [LANSCE], the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory-Pulsed Field Facility, and the Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies) and the vitality they bring to our Laboratory. These facilities are a magnet for students, postdoctoral researchers, and staff members from all over the world. This, in turn, allows us to continue to develop and maintain our strong staff across the relevant disciplines and conduct world-class discovery science. The second issue of Vistas was devoted entirely to the Laboratory's materials strategy - one of the three strategic science thrusts for the Laboratory. This strategy has helped focus our thinking for MaRIE. We believe there is a bright future in cutting-edge experimental materials research, and that a 21st-century facility with unique capability is necessary to fulfill this goal. The Laboratory has spent the last several years defining MaRIE, and this issue of Vistas presents our current vision of that facility. MaRIE will leverage LANSCE and our other user facilities, as well as our internal and external materials community for decades to come, giving Los Alamos a unique competitive advantage, advancing materials science for the Laboratory's missions and attracting and recruiting scientists of international stature. MaRIE will give the international materials research community a suite of tools capable of meeting a broad range of outstanding grand challenges.

  15. Virtual Institute of Astroparticle physics - science and education online

    E-print Network

    Maxim Yu. Khlopov

    2012-11-22

    Virtual Institute of Astroparticle Physics (VIA), integrated in the structure of Laboratory of AstroParticle physics and Cosmology (APC) is evolved in a unique multi-functional complex of $e-science$ and $e-learning$, supporting at distance interactive online participation in conferences and meetings, various forms of collaborative scientific work as well as programs of education. The activity of VIA takes place on its website and includes regular videoconferences with systematic basic courses and lectures on various issues of astroparticle physics, regular online transmission of APC Colloquiums, participation at distance in various scientific meetings and conferences, library of their records and presentations, a multilingual Forum. VIA virtual rooms are open for meetings of scientific groups and for individual work of supervisors with their students. The format of a VIA videoconferences was effectively used in the program of XV Bled Workshop to provide a world-wide participation at distance in discussion of the open questions of physics beyond the standard model. The VIA system has demonstrated its high quality and stability even for minimal equipment (laptop with microphone and webcam and WiFi Internet connection) and without any technical assistance at place.

  16. An analytical mind... After completing her BSc in Forensic Science in the School of Physical Sciences, Holly

    E-print Network

    An analytical mind... After completing her BSc in Forensic Science in the School of Physical techniques in my undergraduate degree and the subject of my thesis still had a strong forensic science Sciences, Holly French is now in the first year of her PhD. Rewarding research "When I applied to do

  17. BSc degrees combining Philosophy with Science subjects such as Biology, Computer Science, Mathematics, Physics or Statistics will

    E-print Network

    Brierley, Andrew

    136 Philosophy BSc degrees combining Philosophy with Science subjects ­ such as Biology, Computer with various Science subjects. * Philosophy staff at St Andrews work in a broad spectrum of disciplines, from Science, Mathematics, Physics or Statistics ­ will also be available, but the precise details are still

  18. DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL THERAPY AND HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCES NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY FEINBERG SCHOOL OF MEDICINE

    E-print Network

    Chisholm, Rex L.

    DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL THERAPY AND HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCES NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY FEINBERG SCHOOL OF MEDICINE Benefits for Physical Therapy Clinical Educators To recognize the contribution of clinical evidence. The Department of Physical Therapy and Human Movement Sciences (PTHMS) will reimburse the Center

  19. Bachelor of Science, Physics, Secondary Education Emphasis, 2014-2015 Name ID# Date

    E-print Network

    Barrash, Warren

    Advanced Physics Lab 3 FF PHYS 499 Physics Seminar 1 Secondary Education Emphasis STEM-ED 101 Step 1Bachelor of Science, Physics, Secondary Education Emphasis, 2014-2015 Name ID# Date General Degree and Humanities 3-4 DLS ED-CIFS 201 Foundations of Education 3 DLS Social Sciences course in a second field 3 CHEM

  20. Bachelor of Science, Physics, Secondary Education Emphasis, 2013-2014 Name ID# Date

    E-print Network

    Barrash, Warren

    Advanced Physics Lab 3 FF PHYS 499 Physics Seminar 1 Secondary Education Emphasis STEM-ED 101 Step 1Bachelor of Science, Physics, Secondary Education Emphasis, 2013-2014 Name ID# Date General Degree and Humanities 3-4 DLS ED-CIFS 201 Foundations of Education 3 DLS Social Sciences course in a second field 3 CHEM

  1. College: College of Sciences Department: Physics Department Catalog Expires (10 yrs)

    E-print Network

    Walker, Lawrence R.

    College: College of Sciences Department: Physics Department Catalog Expires (10 yrs): Graduation be earned at a four-year institution. BigelowPhysics Building (BPB-209) 6-6 College of Sciences Advising: Min - Max General Education: 33 - 42 Physics: 48 - 48 Related: 36 - 36 Electives: 3 - 0 Total Credits

  2. College: College of Sciences Department: Physics Department Catalog Expires (10 yrs)

    E-print Network

    Walker, Lawrence R.

    College: College of Sciences Department: Physics Department Catalog Expires (10 yrs): Graduation Computer Science II PHYS 404 Computational Techniques in Physics MATH181 Calculus I MATH 182 Calculus II: Min - Max General Education: 33 - 42 Physics: 39 - 39 Related: 46 - 46 Electives: 2 - 0 Total Credits

  3. Physics 4C Practice Mid-Term Exam #2 Instructions: Read the problems carefully and give the best answer. The multiple-choice questions on

    E-print Network

    Ringwald, Frederick A.

    . Silicon has a work function of 1.125 eV, where 1 eV = 1 electron volt = 1.602 × 10-19 J. What) none of the above 2 #12;Problems: Box your final answers. No work = No credit on this part. (A. CCDs detect light by the photoelectric effect: photons that land on a silicon crystal knock electrons

  4. Host range of the emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire) (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) in North America: results of multiple-choice field experiments.

    PubMed

    Anulewicz, Andrea C; McCullough, Deborah G; Cappaert, David L; Poland, Therese M

    2008-02-01

    Emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire) (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), an invasive phloem-feeding pest, was identified as the cause of widespread ash (Fraxinus) mortality in southeast Michigan and Windsor, Ontario, Canada, in 2002. A. planipennis reportedly colonizes other genera in its native range in Asia, including Ulmus L., Juglans L., and Pterocarya Kunth. Attacks on nonash species have not been observed in North America to date, but there is concern that other genera could be colonized. From 2003 to 2005, we assessed adult A. planipennis landing rates, oviposition, and larval development on North American ash species and congeners of its reported hosts in Asia in multiple-choice field studies conducted at several southeast Michigan sites. Nonash species evaluated included American elm (U. americana L.), hackberry (Celtis occidentalis L.), black walnut (J. nigra L.), shagbark hickory [Carya ovata (Mill.) K.Koch], and Japanese tree lilac (Syringa reticulata Bl.). In studies with freshly cut logs, adult beetles occasionally landed on nonash logs but generally laid fewer eggs than on ash logs. Larvae fed and developed normally on ash logs, which were often heavily infested. No larvae were able to survive, grow, or develop on any nonash logs, although failed first-instar galleries occurred on some walnut logs. High densities of larvae developed on live green ash and white ash nursery trees, but there was no evidence of larval survival or development on Japanese tree lilac and black walnut trees in the same plantation. We felled, debarked, and intensively examined >28 m2 of phloem area on nine American elm trees growing in contact with or adjacent to heavily infested ash trees. We found no sign of A. planipennis feeding on any elm. PMID:18348815

  5. Emergency physician’s perception of cultural and linguistic barriers in immigrant care: results of a multiple-choice questionnaire in a large Italian urban emergency department

    PubMed Central

    Numeroso, Filippo; Benatti, Mario; Pizzigoni, Caterina; Sartori, Elisabetta; Lippi, Giuseppe; Cervellin, Gianfranco

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: A poor communication with immigrants can lead to inappropriate use of healthcare services, greater risk of misdiagnosis, and lower compliance with treatment. As precise information about communication between emergency physicians (EPs) and immigrants is lacking, we analyzed difficulties in communicating with immigrants in the emergency department (ED) and their possible associations with demographic data, geographical origin and clinical characteristics. METHODS: In an ED with approximately 85 000 visits per year, a multiple-choice questionnaire was given to the EPs 4 months after discharge of each immigrant in 2011. RESULTS: Linguistic comprehension was optimal or partial in the majority of patients. Significant barriers were noted in nearly one fourth of patients, for only half of them compatriots who were able to translate. Linguistic barriers were mainly found in older and sicker patients; they were also frequently seen in patients coming from western Africa and southern Europe. Non-linguistic barriers were perceived by EPs in a minority of patients, more frequently in the elderly and frequent attenders. Factors independently associated with a poor final comprehension led to linguistic barriers, non-linguistic obstacles, the absence of intermediaries, and the presence of patient’s fear and hostility. The latter probably is a consequence, not the cause, of a poor comprehension. CONCLUSION: Linguistic and non-linguistic barriers, although quite infrequent, are the main factors that compromise communication with immigrants in the ED, with negative effects especially on elderly and more seriously ill patients as well as on physician satisfaction and appropriateness in using services. PMID:26056541

  6. Rarely selected distractors in high stakes medical multiple-choice examinations and their recognition by item authors: a simulation and survey

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Many medical exams use 5 options for multiple choice questions (MCQs), although the literature suggests that 3 options are optimal. Previous studies on this topic have often been based on non-medical examinations, so we sought to analyse rarely selected, 'non-functional' distractors (NF-D) in high stakes medical examinations, and their detection by item authors as well as psychometric changes resulting from a reduction in the number of options. Methods Based on Swiss Federal MCQ examinations from 2005-2007, the frequency of NF-D (selected by <1% or <5% of the candidates) was calculated. Distractors that were chosen the least or second least were identified and candidates who chose them were allocated to the remaining options using two extreme assumptions about their hypothetical behaviour: In case rarely selected distractors were eliminated, candidates could randomly choose another option - or purposively choose the correct answer, from which they had originally been distracted. In a second step, 37 experts were asked to mark the least plausible options. The consequences of a reduction from 4 to 3 or 2 distractors - based on item statistics or on the experts' ratings - with respect to difficulty, discrimination and reliability were modelled. Results About 70% of the 5-option-items had at least 1 NF-D selected by <1% of the candidates (97% for NF-Ds selected by <5%). Only a reduction to 2 distractors and assuming that candidates would switch to the correct answer in the absence of a 'non-functional' distractor led to relevant differences in reliability and difficulty (and to a lesser degree discrimination). The experts' ratings resulted in slightly greater changes compared to the statistical approach. Conclusions Based on item statistics and/or an expert panel's recommendation, the choice of a varying number of 3-4 (or partly 2) plausible distractors could be performed without marked deteriorations in psychometric characteristics. PMID:21106066

  7. High School Students' Physical Education Conceptual Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ayers, Suzan F.

    2004-01-01

    The value of conceptual physical education knowledge has long been acknowledged (American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, 1969; Kneer, 1981; NASPE, 1995) yet has not been formally measured or assessed. Seven multiple choice tests with established validity and reliability (Ayers, 2001b) were used to assess the concepts…

  8. Project Physics Tests 6, The Nucleus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Harvard Project Physics.

    Test items relating to Project Physics Unit 6 are presented in this booklet. Included are 70 multiple-choice and 24 problem-and-essay questions. Nuclear physics fundamentals are examined with respect to the shell model, isotopes, neutrons, protons, nuclides, charge-to-mass ratios, alpha particles, Becquerel's discovery, gamma rays, cyclotrons,…

  9. A content analysis of physical science textbooks with regard to the nature of science and ethnic diversity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brooks, Kristine M.

    The goal of science education is the preparation of scientifically literate students (Abd-El-Khalick & Lederman, 2000, & American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 1990). In order to instruct students in the nature of science with its history, development, methods and applications, science teachers use textbooks as the primary organizer for the curriculum (Chippetta, Ganesh, Lee, & Phillips, 2006). Science textbooks are the dominant instructional tool that exerts great influence on instructional content and its delivery (Wang, 1998). Science and science literacy requires acquiring knowledge about the natural world and understanding its application in society, or, in other words, the nature of science. An understanding of the nature of science is an important part of science literacy (Abd-El-Khalik & Lederman, 2000, & AAAS, 1990). The nature of science has four basic themes or dimensions: science as a body of knowledge, science as a way of thinking, science as a way of investigating, and science with its interaction with technology and society (Chippetta & Koballa, 2006). Textbooks must relay and incorporate these themes to promote science literacy. The results from this content analysis provide further insights into science textbooks and their content with regard to the inclusion of the nature of science and ethnic diversity. Science textbooks usually downplay human influences (Clough & Olson, 2004) whether as part of the nature of science with its historical development or its interaction with societies of diverse cultures. Minority students are underperforming in science and science is divided on ethnic, linguistic, and gender identity (Brown, 2005). Greater representations of diversity in curriculum materials enable minority students to identify with science (Nines, 2000). Textbooks, with their influence on curriculum and presentation, must include links for science and students of diverse cultures. What is the balance of the four aspects of the nature of science and what is the balance of ethnic diversity in the participants in science (students and scientists) in physical science textbooks? To establish an answer to these questions, this investigation used content analysis. For the balance of the four aspects of the nature of science, the analysis was conducted on random page samples of five physical science textbooks. A random sampling of the pages within the physical science textbooks should be sufficient to represent the content of the textbooks (Garcia, 1985). For the balance of ethnic diversity of the participants in science, the analysis was conducted on all pictures or drawings of students and scientists within the content of the five textbooks. One of these IPC books is under current use in a large, local school district and the other four were published during the same, or similar, year. Coding procedures for the sample used two sets of coders. One set of coders have previously analyzed for the nature of science in a study on middle school science textbooks (Phillips, 2006) and the coders for ethnic diversity are public school teachers who have worked with ethnically diverse students for over ten years. Both sets of coders were trained and the reliability of their coding checked before coding the five textbooks. To check for inter-coder reliability, percent agreement, Cohen's kappa and Krippendorff's alpha were calculated. The results from this study indicate that science as a body of knowledge and science as a way of investigating are the prevalent themes of the nature of science in the five physical science textbooks. This investigation also found that there is an imbalance in the ethnic diversity of students and scientists portrayed within the chapters of the physical science textbooks studied. This imbalance reflects ratios that are neither equally balanced nor in align with the U.S. Census. Given that textbooks are the main sources of information in most classrooms, the imbalance of the nature of science could provide the students, and the teachers, with an

  10. The Persistent Dearth of Women in the Physical Sciences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Urry, C. Megan

    2002-04-01

    For twenty years, scientists and society alike have averred that discrimination against women is a thing of the past, which may be largely true for the most overt kind of discrimination. Yet judging from the scarcity of women in the physical sciences in the U.S. today, it is clear that these professions efficiently filter out women (and probably other minorities). Not only are women present in much smaller numbers than men at all levels, their presence decreases with increasing rank in the academic hierarchy, and women advance more slowly and with greater attrition than men. Notably, the pre-college pipeline is no longer the critical issue, since women are present in large numbers in introductory science and math classes at top undergraduate institutions. However, there is little agreement on what the critical problem might be, much less its solution. Furthermore, most physical scientists in academia, which is to say male full professors, have paid relatively little attention to this problem and are not well informed about the current status of women in their fields or the extensive research on gender bias. I review the relevant statistics and some of this research. I conclude that progress is possible if people in positions of power adopt the inclusion of women as a priority. This will enhance excellence in our profession, both because it taps a wider pool of talent and because it corrects the bias that has (under the assumption of equal distribution of talent among men and women) excluded some of our best scientists.

  11. Following student gaze patterns in physical science lectures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rosengrant, David; Hearrington, Doug; Alvarado, Kerriann; Keeble, Danielle

    2012-02-01

    This study investigates the gaze patterns of undergraduate college students attending a lecture-based physical science class to better understand the relationships between gaze and focus patterns and student attention during class. The investigators used a new eye-tracking product; Tobii Glasses. The glasses eliminate the need for subjects to focus on a computer screen or carry around a backpack-sized recording device, thus giving an investigator the ability to study a broader range of research questions. This investigation includes what students focus on in the classroom (i.e. demonstrations, instructor, notes, board work, and presentations) during a normal lecture, what diverts attention away from being on task as well as what keeps a subject on task. We report on the findings from 8 subjects during physical science lectures designed for future elementary school teachers. We found that students tended not to focus on the instructor for most parts of the lecture but rather the information, particularly new information presented on PowerPoint slides. Finally, we found that location in the classroom also impacted students' attention spans due to more distractors.

  12. First Flight!: An Event-Based Science Module Teacher's Guide. Physics Module.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Russell G.

    This book is designed for middle school life science or physical science teachers to help their students learn scientific literacy through event-based science. Unlike traditional curricula, the event- based earth science module is a student-centered, interdisciplinary, inquiry-oriented program that emphasizes cooperative learning, teamwork,…

  13. The "Earth Physics" Workshops Offered by the Earth Science Education Unit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davies, Stephen

    2012-01-01

    Earth science has a part to play in broadening students' learning experience in physics. The Earth Science Education Unit presents a range of (free) workshops to teachers and trainee teachers, suggesting how Earth-based science activities, which show how we understand and use the planet we live on, can easily be slotted into normal science

  14. New Instrument for Measuring Student Beliefs about Physics and Learning Physics: The Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, W. K.; Perkins, K. K.; Podolefsky, N. S.; Dubson, M.; Finkelstein, N. D.; Wieman, C. E.

    2006-01-01

    The Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey (CLASS) is a new instrument designed to measure student beliefs about physics and about learning physics. This instrument extends previous work by probing additional aspects of student beliefs and by using wording suitable for students in a wide variety of physics courses. The CLASS has been…

  15. Spintronics and nanomagnetism (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 25 April 2012)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2012-12-01

    A scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), entitled "Spintronics and nanomagnetism", was held on 25 April 2012 at the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS.The agenda of the session announced on the RAS Physical Sciences Division website www.gpad.ac.ru included the following reports: (1) Zvezdin A K, Zvezdin K A (Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow), Popkov A F (National Research University 'Moscow State Institute of Electronic Technology', Moscow) "Spin moment transfer effects and their applications in spintronics"; (2) Fraerman A A (Institute for Physics of Microstructures, Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhny Novgorod) "Magnetic states and transport properties of ferromagnetic nanostructures"; (3) Panin V E, Egorushkin V E, Panin A V (Institute of Strength Physics and Materials Science, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk) "Nonlinear wave processes in a deformable solid as in a multiscale hierarchically organized system".Papers based on oral reports 2 and 3 are presented below. • Magnetic states and transport properties of ferromagnetic nanostructures, A A Fraerman Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 12, Pages 1255-1260 • Nonlinear wave processes in a deformable solid as in a multiscale hierarchically organized system, V E Panin, V E Egorushkin, A V Panin Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 12, Pages 1260-1267

  16. ANU College of Medicine, Biology and Environment ANU College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences

    E-print Network

    ANU College of Medicine, Biology and Environment ANU College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences 3. General Guidelines 3 4. Scholarships on research. As an Honours student in Science, you will undertake your own empirical research on a topic you

  17. Using spatial principles to optimize distributed computing for enabling the physical science discoveries

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Chaowei; Wu, Huayi; Huang, Qunying; Li, Zhenlong; Li, Jing

    2011-01-01

    Contemporary physical science studies rely on the effective analyses of geographically dispersed spatial data and simulations of physical phenomena. Single computers and generic high-end computing are not sufficient to process the data for complex physical science analysis and simulations, which can be successfully supported only through distributed computing, best optimized through the application of spatial principles. Spatial computing, the computing aspect of a spatial cyberinfrastructure, refers to a computing paradigm that utilizes spatial principles to optimize distributed computers to catalyze advancements in the physical sciences. Spatial principles govern the interactions between scientific parameters across space and time by providing the spatial connections and constraints to drive the progression of the phenomena. Therefore, spatial computing studies could better position us to leverage spatial principles in simulating physical phenomena and, by extension, advance the physical sciences. Using geospatial science as an example, this paper illustrates through three research examples how spatial computing could (i) enable data intensive science with efficient data/services search, access, and utilization, (ii) facilitate physical science studies with enabling high-performance computing capabilities, and (iii) empower scientists with multidimensional visualization tools to understand observations and simulations. The research examples demonstrate that spatial computing is of critical importance to design computing methods to catalyze physical science studies with better data access, phenomena simulation, and analytical visualization. We envision that spatial computing will become a core technology that drives fundamental physical science advancements in the 21st century. PMID:21444779

  18. Astrophysics and astronomy (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 26 January 2011)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2011-10-01

    An Astrophysics and Astronomy scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) was held in the Conference Hall of the P N Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, on 26 January 2011. The following reports were put on the session's agenda posted on the web site www.gpad.ac.ru of the Physical Sciences Division, RAS: (1) Cherepashchuk A M (Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Moscow State University, Moscow) "Investigation of X-ray sources"; (2) Shustov B M (Institute of Astronomy, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow) "Asteroid and comet hazards: physical and other aspects"; (3) Sazhin M V (Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Moscow State University, Moscow) "Search for cosmic strings"; (4) Zakharov A F (Russian Federation State Scientific Center 'A I Alikhanov Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics', Moscow) "Exoplanet search using gravitational microlensing". Papers written on the basis of the reports are published below. • Optical investigations of X-ray binary systems, A M Cherepashchuk Physics-Uspekhi, 2011, Volume 54, Number 10, Pages 1061-1067 • Asteroid and comet hazards: the role of physical sciences in solving the problem, B M Shustov Physics-Uspekhi, 2011, Volume 54, Number 10, Pages 1068-1071 • Search for cosmic strings using optical and radio astronomy methods, O S Sazhina, M V Sazhin, M Capaccioli, G Longo Physics-Uspekhi, 2011, Volume 54, Number 10, Pages 1072-1077 • Search for exoplanets using gravitational microlensing, A F Zakharov Physics-Uspekhi, 2011, Volume 54, Number 10, Pages 1077-1084

  19. Science self-efficacy of African Americans enrolled in freshman level physical science courses in two historically black institutions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prihoda, Belinda Ann

    2011-12-01

    Science education must be a priority for citizens to function and be productive in a global, technological society. African Americans receive fewer science degrees in proportion to the Caucasian population. The primary purposes of this study were to determine the difference between the pretest and posttest science self-efficacy scores of African-American nonscience majors, the difference between the pretest and posttest science self-efficacy scores of African-American science majors, the relationship between science self-efficacy and course grade, the relationship between gender and science self-efficacy score, and the relationship between science self-efficacy score and course withdrawal. This study utilized a Likert survey instrument. All participants were enrolled in freshman level courses in the physical sciences at a historically black institution: a college or university. Participants completed the pretest survey within two weeks after the 12th class day of the semester. Initially, 458 participants completed the pretest survey. The posttest was administered within two weeks before the final exam. Only 245 participants completed the posttest survey. Results indicate that there is a difference in science self-efficacy of science majors and nonscience majors. There was no significant difference between the pretest and posttest science self-efficacy scores of African-American science majors and nonscience majors. There was no significant relationship between science self-efficacy and course grade, gender and science self-efficacy score, and course withdrawal and science self-efficacy score.

  20. Physical and Chemical Sciences Center - research briefs. Volume 1-96

    SciTech Connect

    Mattern, P.L.

    1994-12-31

    This report provides brief summaries of research performed in chemical and physical sciences at Sandia National Laboratories. Programs are described in the areas of advanced materials and technology, applied physics and chemistry, lasers, optics, and vision, and resources and capabilities.