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1

Using a Classroom Response System to Improve Multiple-Choice Performance in AP[R] Physics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Participation in rigorous high school courses such as Advanced Placement (AP[R]) Physics increases the likelihood of college success, especially for students who are traditionally underserved. Tackling difficult multiple-choice exams should be part of any AP program because well-constructed multiple-choice questions, such as those on AP exams and…

Bertrand, Peggy

2009-01-01

2

Validating Measurement of Knowledge Integration in Science Using Multiple-Choice and Explanation Items  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores measurement of a construct called knowledge integration in science using multiple-choice and explanation items. We use construct and instructional validity evidence to examine the role multiple-choice and explanation items plays in measuring students' knowledge integration ability. For construct validity, we analyze item…

Lee, Hee-Sun; Liu, Ou Lydia; Linn, Marcia C.

2011-01-01

3

Visual Attention for Solving Multiple-Choice Science Problem: An Eye-Tracking Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study employed an eye-tracking technique to examine students' visual attention when solving a multiple-choice science problem. Six university students participated in a problem-solving task to predict occurrences of landslide hazards from four images representing four combinations of four factors. Participants' responses and visual attention…

Tsai, Meng-Jung; Hou, Huei-Tse; Lai, Meng-Lung; Liu, Wan-Yi; Yang, Fang-Ying

2012-01-01

4

A Case Study on Multiple-Choice Testing in Anatomical Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes a study investigating whether the distribution of different versions of an examination affects student performance in a lower division anatomical science course. In particular this study focuses on objective testing techniques (multiple choice test). Methods and outcomes are discussed.

Stephanie Golda (University of Missouri Anthropology, Pathology and Anatomy)

2011-01-02

5

The Development and Validation of a Two-Tiered Multiple-Choice Instrument to Identify Alternative Conceptions in Earth Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was to determine reliability and validity for a two-tiered, multiple- choice instrument designed to identify alternative conceptions in earth science. Additionally, this study sought to identify alternative conceptions in earth science held by preservice teachers, to investigate relationships between self-reported confidence scores and…

Mangione, Katherine Anna

2010-01-01

6

Multiple-Choice Exams: An Obstacle for Higher-Level Thinking in Introductory Science Classes  

PubMed Central

Learning science requires higher-level (critical) thinking skills that need to be practiced in science classes. This study tested the effect of exam format on critical-thinking skills. Multiple-choice (MC) testing is common in introductory science courses, and students in these classes tend to associate memorization with MC questions and may not see the need to modify their study strategies for critical thinking, because the MC exam format has not changed. To test the effect of exam format, I used two sections of an introductory biology class. One section was assessed with exams in the traditional MC format, the other section was assessed with both MC and constructed-response (CR) questions. The mixed exam format was correlated with significantly more cognitively active study behaviors and a significantly better performance on the cumulative final exam (after accounting for grade point average and gender). There was also less gender-bias in the CR answers. This suggests that the MC-only exam format indeed hinders critical thinking in introductory science classes. Introducing CR questions encouraged students to learn more and to be better critical thinkers and reduced gender bias. However, student resistance increased as students adjusted their perceptions of their own critical-thinking abilities. PMID:22949426

Stanger-Hall, Kathrin F.

2012-01-01

7

Identifying student mental models from their response pattern to a physics multiple-choice test  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Previous work has shown that students present different misconceptions across different but similar physical situations, but the cause of these differences is still not clear. In this study, a novel analysis method was introduced to help to gain a better understanding of how different physical situations affect students' responses and learning. This novel analysis groups students into mental model groups (MMG) by similarities in their responses to multiple-choice test items, under the assumption that they have similar mental models. The Mass and Energy Conservation test was developed to probe the common misconception that objects with greater mass fall faster than objects with lesser mass across four physical situations and four knowledge sub-domains: information, dynamics, work, and energy. The test was applied before and after energy instruction to 144 college students in a large Midwestern university attending a calculus-based introductory physics course. Test time along with instruction and physical situation were the two factors. It was found that physical situation did not have a significant effect on mental models: The number of MMGs identified and the fraction of students belonging to the same MMG were not significantly different (p > .05) across physical situations. However, there was a significant effect of test time on mental models (p < .05): the fraction of students belonging to the same MMG changed from the pretest to the posttest, in that the MMG representing higher performance became predominant than the MMG with lower performance for the posttest results. A MANOVA for the average scores for each sub-domain and physical situation combination was applied to validate the previous results. It was found that a significant effect (p < .01) by physical situation resulted due to a lower average dynamics sub-domain score for the friction physical-situation attribute when compared to the no-friction physical-situation attribute. A significant effect (p < .01) was found for test time. This was due to an increase of the average energy sub-domain score from the pretest to the posttest. No significant interaction effect ( p > .05) was found. The MANOVA results obtained can be explained through the change in proportion of the MMGs present in the sample.

Montenegro Maggio, Maximiliano Jose

8

How to Assess Student Performance in Science: Going beyond Multiple-Choice Tests. Third Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational systems promote student growth in a variety of dimensions. Basic content knowledge can be effectively assessed with multiple-choice and completion tests. However educational reforms have become more concerned with higher-order cognitive dimensions (problem-solving, creativity), social dimensions (communication skills, ability to work…

Butler, Susan M.; McColskey, Wendy; O'Sullivan, Rita

2005-01-01

9

The development and validation of a two-tiered multiple-choice instrument to identify alternative conceptions in earth science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study was to determine reliability and validity for a two-tiered, multiple- choice instrument designed to identify alternative conceptions in earth science. Additionally, this study sought to identify alternative conceptions in earth science held by preservice teachers, to investigate relationships between self-reported confidence scores and understanding of earth science concepts, and to describe relationships between content knowledge and alternative conceptions and planning instruction in the science classroom. Eighty-seven preservice teachers enrolled in the MAT program participated in this study. Sixty-eight participants were female, twelve were male, and seven chose not to answer. Forty-seven participants were in the elementary certification program, five were in the middle school certification program, and twenty-nine were pursuing secondary certification. Results indicate that the two-tiered, multiple-choice format can be a reliable and valid method for identifying alternative conceptions. Preservice teachers in all certification areas who participated in this study may possess common alternative conceptions previously identified in the literature. Alternative conceptions included: all rivers flow north to south, the shadow of the Earth covers the Moon causing lunar phases, the Sun is always directly overhead at noon, weather can be predicted by animal coverings, and seasons are caused by the Earth's proximity to the Sun. Statistical analyses indicated differences, however not all of them significant, among all subgroups according to gender and certification area. Generally males outperformed females and preservice teachers pursuing middle school certification had higher scores on the questionnaire followed by those obtaining secondary certification. Elementary preservice teachers scored the lowest. Additionally, self-reported scores of confidence in one's answers and understanding of the earth science concept in question were analyzed. There was a slight positive correlation between overall score and both confidence and understanding. Responses on the questionnaire were investigated with respect to pedagogical choices. Evidence suggests that content knowledge and having alternative conceptions or science fragments may impact a teacher's pedagogical choices. Through careful development of instruments like ACES-Q II-R and other two- tiered, multiple-choice instruments, educators and researchers car not only identify possible alternative conceptions, they can raise an awareness of alternative conceptions held by children and adults.

Mangione, Katherine Anna

10

Sustainable Assessment for Large Science Classes: Non-Multiple Choice, Randomised Assignments through a Learning Management System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the development of a tool that generates randomised, non-multiple choice assessment within the BlackBoard Learning Management System interface. An accepted weakness of multiple-choice assessment is that it cannot elicit learning outcomes from upper levels of Biggs' SOLO taxonomy. However, written assessment items require…

Schultz, Madeleine

2011-01-01

11

The role of Rasch analysis when conducting science education research utilizing multiple-choice tests  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent international studies note that countries whose students perform well on international science assessments report the need to change science education. Some countries use assessments for diagnostic purposes to assist teachers in addressing their students' needs. However, in the United States, standards-based reform has focused the national discussion on documenting students' attainment of high educational standards. Students' science achievement is one of those standards, and in many states, high-stakes tests determine the resultant achievement measures. Policymakers and administrators use those tests to rank school performance, to prevent students' graduation, and to evaluate teachers. With science test measures used in different ways, statistical confidence in the measures' validity and reliability is essential. Using a science achievement test from one state's systemic reform project as an example, this paper discusses the strengths of the Rasch model as a psychometric tool and analysis technique, referring to person item maps, anchoring, differential item functioning, and person item fit. Furthermore, the paper proposes that science educators should carefully inspect the tools they use to measure and document changes in educational systems.

Boone, William J.; Scantlebury, Kathryn

2006-03-01

12

Multiple choice questions are superior to extended matching questions to identify medicine and biomedical sciences students who perform poorly.  

PubMed

In recent years, medical faculties at Dutch universities have implemented a legally binding study advice to students of medicine and biomedical sciences during their propaedeutic phase. Appropriate examination is essential to discriminate between poor (grade <6), moderate (grade 6-8) and excellent (grade ?8) students. Therefore, we compared the discriminatory properties of extended matching questions (EMQs) versus multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and identified the role of sex, age and examination preference on this score. Data were collected for 452 first-year medical and biomedical science students during three distinct course examinations: one examination with EMQ only, one with MCQ only and one mixed examination (including EMQ and MCQ). Logistic regression analysis revealed that MCQ examination was 3 times better in identifying poor students compared with EMQ (RR 3.0, CI 2.0-4.5), whereas EMQ better detected excellent students (average grade ?8) (RR 1.93, CI 1.47-2.53). Mixed examination had comparable characteristics to MCQ. Sex and examination preference did not impact the score of the student. Students ?20 years had a 4-fold higher risk ratio of obtaining a poor grade (<6) compared with students ?18 years old (RR 4.1, CI 2.1-8.0). Given the strong discriminative capacity of MCQ examinations to identify poor students, we recommend the use of this type of examination during the propaedeutic phase of medicine and biomedical science study programmes, in the light of the binding study advice. PMID:24203858

Eijsvogels, Thijs M H; van den Brand, Tessa L; Hopman, Maria T E

2013-11-01

13

Multiple Choice Test  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site presents a guide to developing and deploying effective multiple choice tests. The site also discusses the costs and benefits of this method, as well as the philosophy of this commonly used assessment method. Links to more detailed information are included as well.

Jay Parkes

14

Exploring problem solving strategies on multiple-choice science items: Comparing native Spanish-speaking English Language Learners and mainstream monolinguals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to compare how English language learners (ELLs) and monolingual English speakers solved multiple-choice items administered with and without a new form of testing accommodation---vignette illustration (VI). By incorporating theories from second language acquisition, bilingualism, and sociolinguistics, this study was able to gain more accurate and comprehensive input into the ways students interacted with items. This mixed methods study used verbal protocols to elicit the thinking processes of thirty-six native Spanish-speaking English language learners (ELLs), and 36 native-English speaking non-ELLs when solving multiple-choice science items. Results from both qualitative and quantitative analyses show that ELLs used a wider variety of actions oriented to making sense of the items than non-ELLs. In contrast, non-ELLs used more problem solving strategies than ELLs. There were no statistically significant differences in student performance based on the interaction of presence of illustration and linguistic status or the main effect of presence of illustration. However, there were significant differences based on the main effect of linguistic status. An interaction between the characteristics of the students, the items, and the illustrations indicates considerable heterogeneity in the ways in which students from both linguistic groups think about and respond to science test items. The results of this study speak to the need for more research involving ELLs in the process of test development to create test items that do not require ELLs to carry out significantly more actions to make sense of the item than monolingual students.

Kachchaf, Rachel Rae

15

General Chemistry Students' Understanding of the Chemistry Underlying Climate Science and the Development of a Two-Tiered Multiple-Choice Diagnostic Instrument  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of the NSF funded Visualizing the Chemistry of Climate Change (VC3) project, we have developed a chemistry of climate science diagnostic instrument for use in general chemistry courses based on twenty-four student interviews. We have based our interview protocol on misconceptions identified in the research literature and the essential principles of climate change outlined in the CCSP document that pertain to chemistry (CCSP, 2009). The undergraduate student interviews elicited their understanding of the greenhouse effect, global warming, climate change, greenhouse gases, climate, and weather, and the findings from these interviews informed and guided the development of the multiple-choice diagnostic instrument. Our analysis and findings from the interviews indicate that students seem to confuse the greenhouse effect, global warming, and the ozone layer and in terms of chemistry concepts, the students lack a particulate level understanding of greenhouse gases causing them to not fully conceptualize the greenhouse effect and climate change. Details of the findings from the interviews, development of diagnostic instrument, and preliminary findings from the full implementation of the diagnostic instrument will be shared.

Versprille, A.; Towns, M.; Mahaffy, P.; Martin, B.; McKenzie, L.; Kirchhoff, M.

2013-12-01

16

Classroom Assessment Techniques: Multiple Choice Test  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page describes how to use a multiple choice test to assess student understanding. The assessment tool is one of a series of Classroom Assessment Techniques (CATs) provided by the Field-tested Learning Assessment Guide (FLAG) website. The CATs of FLAG were constructed as a resource for science, technology, engineering and mathematics instructors to emphasize deeper levels of learning and to give instructors valuable feedback during a course. The multiple-choice test is a flexible assessment format that can be used to measure knowledge, skills, abilities, values and thinking skills. This site provides an overview of this assessment technique, including information about how, when and why to use it. The site is also linked to a set of discipline-specific "tools" that can be downloaded for immediate use, as well as supplementary links and sources to further explore this assessment tool.

Jay Parkes

17

Multiple Choice Questions for Groundwater  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online quiz was written by Dr. John C. Butler at the University of Houston for 100-level geology students. There are 44 multiple choice questions and 8 fill in the blank questions, Topics include groundwater resources, the water cycle, karst features, the water table and parts of an aquifer. Answers are linked directly from the quiz page.

John C. Butler

18

Accommodations for Multiple Choice Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with learning or learning-related disabilities frequently struggle with multiple choice assessments due to difficulty discriminating between items, filtering out distracters, and framing a mental best answer. This Practice Brief suggests accommodations and strategies that disability service providers can utilize in conjunction with…

Trammell, Jack

2011-01-01

19

Decision Support Systems Multiple Choice Structure  

E-print Network

Decision Support Systems With Multiple Choice Structure Ingo Alth¨ofer Friedrich the machines. ``Triple Brain'' is a ``Decision Support System with Multiple Choice Structure'': Com­ puter of Decision Support Systems with Multiple Choice Structure. Key Words and Phrases: Triple Brain, 3­Hirn

20

Approaches to Data Analysis of Multiple-Choice Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper introduces five commonly used approaches to analyzing multiple-choice test data. They are classical test theory, factor analysis, cluster analysis, item response theory, and model analysis. Brief descriptions of the goals and algorithms of these approaches are provided, together with examples illustrating their applications in physics

Ding, Lin; Beichner, Robert

2009-01-01

21

Idea Bank: More than Multiple-Choice  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Multiple-choice questions typically dominate tests in high school chemistry classes. The modification described in this article requires students to explain their reasoning behind each multiple-choice answer. This testing format demands more grading time, but awards students partial credit and provides greater feedback to the teacher concerning how well concepts have been learned. Details of the implementation and benefits are provided here.

Fanny Ennever

2006-10-01

22

Demand Characteristics of Multiple-Choice Items.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirteen graduate students were asked to indicate for each of 24 multiple-choice items whether the item tested "recall of specific information," a "higher order skill," or "don't know." The students were also asked to state their general basis for judging the items. The 24 items had been previously classified according to Bloom's cognitive-skills…

Diamond, James J.; Williams, David V.

23

Middle School Students' Conceptual Learning from the Implementation of a New NSF Supported Curriculum: Interactions in Physical Science[TM  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new National Science Foundation supported curriculum, Interactions in Physical Science[TM], was evaluated on students' conceptual change in the twelve concept areas of the national physical science content standard (B) for grades 5-8. Eighth grade students (N = 66) were evaluated pre and post on a 31-item multiple-choice test of conceptual…

Eick, Charles J.; Dias, Michael; Smith, Nancy R. Cook

2009-01-01

24

Science Library of Test Items. Volume Twenty. A Collection of Multiple Choice Test Items Relating Mainly to Physics, 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As one in a series of test item collections developed by the Assessment and Evaluation Unit of the Directorate of Studies, items are made available to teachers for the construction of unit tests or term examinations or as a basis for class discussion. Each collection was reviewed for content validity and reliability. The test items meet syllabus…

New South Wales Dept. of Education, Sydney (Australia).

25

Genetic Algorithms for Multiple-Choice Problems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This thesis investigates the use of problem-specific knowledge to enhance a genetic algorithm approach to multiple-choice optimisation problems.It shows that such information can significantly enhance performance, but that the choice of information and the way it is included are important factors for success.Two multiple-choice problems are considered.The first is constructing a feasible nurse roster that considers as many requests as possible.In the second problem, shops are allocated to locations in a mall subject to constraints and maximising the overall income.Genetic algorithms are chosen for their well-known robustness and ability to solve large and complex discrete optimisation problems.However, a survey of the literature reveals room for further research into generic ways to include constraints into a genetic algorithm framework.Hence, the main theme of this work is to balance feasibility and cost of solutions.In particular, co-operative co-evolution with hierarchical sub-populations, problem structure exploiting repair schemes and indirect genetic algorithms with self-adjusting decoder functions are identified as promising approaches.The research starts by applying standard genetic algorithms to the problems and explaining the failure of such approaches due to epistasis.To overcome this, problem-specific information is added in a variety of ways, some of which are designed to increase the number of feasible solutions found whilst others are intended to improve the quality of such solutions.As well as a theoretical discussion as to the underlying reasons for using each operator,extensive computational experiments are carried out on a variety of data.These show that the indirect approach relies less on problem structure and hence is easier to implement and superior in solution quality.

Aickelin, Uwe

2010-04-01

26

Relationships between Inquiry-Based Teaching and Physical Science Standardized Test Scores  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory case study investigates relationships between use of an inquiry-based instructional style and student scores on standardized multiple-choice tests. The study takes the form of a case study of physical science classes taught by one of the authors over a span of four school years. The first 2 years were taught using traditional…

Tretter, Thomas R.; Jones, M. Gail

2003-01-01

27

Physics for Physical Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by Jason Dicker at Launceston College in Tasmania, these materials present information and examples of the physics concepts of radioactivity, motion, and current electricity. The Radioactivity portion contains sections on natural types of radioactivity, radioactive decay, and problems for students such as designing "a series of experiments to show that 'radioactivity' has nothing to do with sunlight" without using a Geiger counter. The Motion portion contains pages about vectors, projectile motion, momentum, and force. The final section, Current Electricity, has links to pages about charge and current, voltage, resistance, and some problems about electricity for students to solve. This is an excellent resource for physics educators in higher education to use to explain physics principles in the physical sciences.

Dicker, Jason

28

Benford's Law: Textbook Exercises and Multiple-Choice Testbanks.  

PubMed

Benford's Law describes the finding that the distribution of leading (or leftmost) digits of innumerable datasets follows a well-defined logarithmic trend, rather than an intuitive uniformity. In practice this means that the most common leading digit is 1, with an expected frequency of 30.1%, and the least common is 9, with an expected frequency of 4.6%. Currently, the most common application of Benford's Law is in detecting number invention and tampering such as found in accounting-, tax-, and voter-fraud. We demonstrate that answers to end-of-chapter exercises in physics and chemistry textbooks conform to Benford's Law. Subsequently, we investigate whether this fact can be used to gain advantage over random guessing in multiple-choice tests, and find that while testbank answers in introductory physics closely conform to Benford's Law, the testbank is nonetheless secure against such a Benford's attack for banal reasons. PMID:25689468

Slepkov, Aaron D; Ironside, Kevin B; DiBattista, David

2015-01-01

29

Fast Mesh Decimation by Multiple-Choice Techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a new mesh decimation framework which is based on the probabilistic optimization technique of Multiple-Choice algorithms. While producing the same expected quality of the out- put meshes, the Multiple-Choice approach leads to a significant speed-up compared to the well- established standard framework for mesh decima- tion as a greedy optimization scheme. More- over, Multiple-Choice decimation does not require

Jianhua Wu; Leif Kobbelt

2002-01-01

30

Modifying Multiple-Choice Questions in Computer-Based Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has shown that multiple-choice questions formed by transforming or paraphrasing a reading passage provide a measure of student comprehension. It is argued that similar transformation and paraphrasing of lesson questions is an appropriate way to form parallel multiple-choice items to be used as a posttest measure of student comprehension.…

Clariana, Roy B.

31

Reducing the Need for Guesswork in Multiple-Choice Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The humble multiple-choice test is very widely used within education at all levels, but its susceptibility to guesswork makes it a suboptimal assessment tool. The reliability of a multiple-choice test is partly governed by the number of items it contains; however, longer tests are more time consuming to take, and for some subject areas, it can be…

Bush, Martin

2015-01-01

32

Modifying the Multiple Choice Test: A Short Answer Option.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the years many criticisms have been offered against the multiple choice test format. Ambiguous, and emphasizing isolated information, they are also the most difficult objective tests to construct. Over-interpretation is a danger of multiple choice examinations with students picking subtle answers the test makers consider incorrect. Yet, the…

Slem, Charles M.

33

Nested Logit Models for Multiple-Choice Item Response Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nested logit item response models for multiple-choice data are presented. Relative to previous models, the new models are suggested to provide a better approximation to multiple-choice items where the application of a solution strategy precedes consideration of response options. In practice, the models also accommodate collapsibility across all…

Suh, Youngsuk; Bolt, Daniel M.

2010-01-01

34

The Accuracy of Absolute Minimal Acceptable Performance Levels for Multiple-Choice Examinations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of a study investigating the accuracy of absolute minimal performance levels for multiple choice examinations enhanced confidence in the validity of predetermined passing standards for the criterion referenced tests used by the schools of basic medical sciences at the University of Illinois. (JT)

Guerin, Robert O.; Smilansky, Jonathan

1976-01-01

35

Consequences the extensive use of multiple-choice questions might have on student's reasoning structure  

E-print Network

Learning physics is a context dependent process. I consider a broader interdisciplinary problem of where differences in understanding and reasoning arise. I suggest the long run effects a multiple choice based learning system as well as society cultural habits and rules might have on student reasoning structure.

Raduta, C M

2013-01-01

36

How to write good multiple-choice questions.  

PubMed

Medical practitioners are frequently called upon to write multiple-choice questions for high stakes examinations, such as final year medical student assessments and specialist college accreditation examinations. The fairness and validity of these examinations depends principally on the generation of high-quality questions, which adequately sample the curriculum. The most common format for multiple-choice examinations are single best answer and extended matching type questions. This paper provides a simple guideline that will assist with the production of high-quality multiple-choice papers in these formats. PMID:21615597

Campbell, Dianne E

2011-06-01

37

Annual Reviews: Physical Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

_Annual Reviews_has placed the full text of all titles in the Physical and Social Sciences suites on line. Online titles include the Physical Sciences review volumes: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Biophysics and Biomolecular Structure, Earth and Planetary Sciences, Energy and the Environment, Fluid Mechanics, Materials Science, Nuclear and Particle Science, and Physical Chemistry. Online full-text content for the Physical Sciences suite begins with 1997 issues; online abstracts begin in 1992. All journals mentioned are produced in conjunction with Stanford University's HighWire Press.

38

DIATEST, A System for Programme Control of Multiple Choice Tests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The DIATEST responder system is a control system for fully programed running of diagnostic tests of multiple-choice type. The system makes use of the control unit earlier developed at the Institute of Technology for programed four-screen slide projection and the electronic response analyser (ESAU). Presentation of a question is done audiovisually,…

Eriksson, Christer

39

Using the Multiple Choice Procedure to Measure College Student Gambling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research suggests that gambling is similar to addictive behaviors such as substance use. In the current study, gambling was investigated from a behavioral economics perspective. The Multiple Choice Procedure (MCP) with gambling as the target behavior was used to assess for relative reinforcing value, the effect of alternative reinforcers, and…

Butler, Leon Harvey

2010-01-01

40

Microorganism Interactions and Microbial Ecology: Multiple Choice Quiz  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online multiple-choice quiz accompanies McGraw Hill's Microbiology (5th edition) textbook chapter covering Microorganism Interactions and Microbial Ecology. It is comprised of 32 questions for which the answers can be submitted and checked online with the click of a button.

Lansing M Prescott

41

A Mixture Item Response Model for Multiple-Choice Data.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes a mixture item response model for investigating individual differences in the selection of response categories in multiple choice items. A real data example illustrates how the model can be used to distinguish examinees disproportionately attracted to different types of distractors, and a simulation study evaluates item parameter recovery…

Bolt, Daniel M.; Cohen, Allan S.; Wollack, James A.

2001-01-01

42

Valuing Assessment in Teacher Education - Multiple-Choice Competency Testing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When our focus is on assessment educators should work to value the nature of assessment. This paper presents a new approach to multiple-choice competency testing in mathematics education. The instrument discussed here reflects student competence, encourages self-regulatory learning behaviours and links content with current curriculum documents and…

Martin, Dona L.; Itter, Diane

2014-01-01

43

Planetary Science Space Physics  

E-print Network

data to scientists and the public, continuing the cycle of space exploration. Bringing space science#12;Planetary Science Space Physics Solar Influences Atmospheric Science Engineering Mission Operations #12;A message from the Director At the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics (LASP), we

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

44

Physics 594: Computational Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"A Course in Computational Science for the Physical and Life Sciences" based on the CSEP e-book, complete with Course Description, Course Syllabus, Lecture Schedules, Lectures and Exercises available on-line.

45

Graded Multiple Choice Questions: Rewarding Understanding and Preventing Plagiarism  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes an easily implemented method that allows the generation and analysis of graded multiple-choice examinations. The technique, which uses standard functions in user-end software (Microsoft Excel 5+), can also produce several different versions of an examination that can be employed to prevent the reward of plagarism. The manuscript also discusses the advantages of having a graded marking system for the elimination of ambiguities, use in multi-step calculation questions, and questions that require extrapolation or reasoning. The advantages of the scrambling strategy, which maintains the same question order, is discussed with reference to student equity. The system provides a non-confrontational mechanism for dealing with cheating in large-class multiple-choice examinations, as well as providing a reward for problem solving over surface learning.

Denyer, G. S.; Hancock, D.

2002-08-01

46

Effective Use of Multiple-Choice Items in the Mathematics Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiple-choice items are commonly viewed as a summative check for skill attainment, but they can be used to assess other dimensions of student learning. The purpose of this article is to offer an expanded view of the use of multiple-choice items in the middle level mathematics classroom. It presents three alternative uses of multiple-choice items…

Barlow, Angela T.; Marolt, Amy M.

2012-01-01

47

Both multiple-choice and short-answer quizzes enhance later exam performance in middle and high school classes.  

PubMed

Practicing retrieval of recently studied information enhances the likelihood of the learner retrieving that information in the future. We examined whether short-answer and multiple-choice classroom quizzing could enhance retention of information on classroom exams taken for a grade. In seventh-grade science and high school history classes, students took intermittent quizzes (short-answer or multiple-choice, both with correct-answer feedback) on some information, whereas other information was not initially quizzed but received equivalent coverage in all other classroom activities. On the unit exams and on an end-of-semester exam, students performed better for information that had been quizzed than that not quizzed. An unanticipated and key finding is that the format of the quiz (multiple-choice or short-answer) did not need to match the format of the criterial test (e.g., unit exam) for this benefit to emerge. Further, intermittent quizzing cannot be attributed to intermittent reexposure to the target facts: A restudy condition produced less enhancement of later test performance than did quizzing with feedback. Frequent classroom quizzing with feedback improves student learning and retention, and multiple-choice quizzing is as effective as short-answer quizzing for this purpose. PMID:24274234

McDermott, Kathleen B; Agarwal, Pooja K; D'Antonio, Laura; Roediger, Henry L; McDaniel, Mark A

2014-03-01

48

Physical Earth Science Is Physical Earth Science right for me?  

E-print Network

Physical Earth Science Is Physical Earth Science right for me? If you are interested in learning a Physical Earth Science degree. The skills you will gain are wide-ranging and will provide a good basis for employment in almost any sector. Are all Physical Earth Science degrees the same? Universities do not have

Harman, Neal.A.

49

Registered nurses' ideas of physical science concepts relevant to their clinical practice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Experience in teaching science to nurses has raised the question of whether nurses' expressions of their understanding of concepts in physical science are adequate for professional practice. Nurses' descriptions of physical science concepts relevant to their practice must be explicated before educators can develop strategies to enhance nurses' learning of science. A cross-sectional study was undertaken to establish registered nurses' conceptions of physical science in their clinical practice. Data were collected using a multiple choice question survey, field work and focused interviews. Six categories of conceptions emerged from data analysis. Of the three which related to complexity of understanding “association” and “definition” were predominant and related in the main, to two of the three contextual categories “instrumentation/equipment” and “procedure.” There were few examples of the other two categories of “elaboration” and “body processes.” We argue that the conceptions held by the nurses were not adequate to allow them to fulfil their roles as professional practitioners in health care.

Wilkes, Lesley M.; Batts, Judith E.

1996-09-01

50

Multiple-choice tests stabilize access to marginal knowledge.  

PubMed

Marginal knowledge refers to knowledge that is stored in memory, but is not accessible at a given moment. For example, one might struggle to remember who wrote The Call of the Wild, even if that knowledge is stored in memory. Knowing how best to stabilize access to marginal knowledge is important, given that new learning often requires accessing and building on prior knowledge. While even a single opportunity to restudy marginal knowledge boosts its later accessibility (Berger, Hall, & Bahrick, 1999), in many situations explicit relearning opportunities are not available. Our question is whether multiple-choice tests (which by definition expose the learner to the correct answers) can also serve this function and, if so, how testing compares to restudying given that tests can be particularly powerful learning devices (Roediger & Karpicke, 2006). In four experiments, we found that multiple-choice testing had the power to stabilize access to marginal knowledge, and to do so for at least up to a week. Importantly, such tests did not need to be paired with feedback, although testing was no more powerful than studying. Overall, the results support the idea that one's knowledge base is unstable, with individual pieces of information coming in and out of reach. The present findings have implications for a key educational challenge: ensuring that students have continuing access to information they have learned. PMID:25201690

Cantor, Allison D; Eslick, Andrea N; Marsh, Elizabeth J; Bjork, Robert A; Bjork, Elizabeth Ligon

2015-02-01

51

Semantic physical science  

PubMed Central

The articles in this special issue arise from a workshop and symposium held in January 2012 (Semantic Physical Science’). We invited people who shared our vision for the potential of the web to support chemical and related subjects. Other than the initial invitations, we have not exercised any control over the content of the contributed articles. PMID:22856527

2012-01-01

52

Physical Science Reference Sheets  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This reference sheet, presented by the National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network provides a valuable physical science reference sheet for high school students. Definition of terms, diagrams, abbreviations, mathematical notations, the periodic table, and other useful information is provided in an easy to use format. Included in this lesson are the front and back sides of this reference sheet.

53

Faculty of Science Medical Physics  

E-print Network

Faculty of Science Medical Physics If you like physics and mathematics, but want a career in the rapidly expanding health sciences, then this honours BSc is for you. www.uwindsor.ca/physics Medical in Medical Physics lays the foundation for an exciting and rewarding career in Medical Physics. Rigorous

54

Events | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

The 2015 AAAS Annual Meeting will include exciting work at the intersection of the physical and life sciences, including two sessions organized by NCI Physical Sciences-Oncology Network (PS-ON) Program Directors.

55

Physical Science Curriculum Support Document  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document was developed in response to the expressed need of physical science teachers for materials designed to facilitate and enhance the teaching of the 1999 North Carolina Standard Course of Study for Physical Science. The materials provide a guide to translating the goals and objectives of the Physical Science curriculum into good…

Elliott, Carolyn C.; Brown, Tim; Harris, Jeff; Lovin, Pamela

2004-01-01

56

SCIENCE CHINA Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy  

E-print Network

SCIENCE CHINA Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy © Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin for Condensed Matter Physics and Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China. Sci China-Phys Mech Astron, 2013, 56: 207221, doi: 10.1007/s11433-012-4970-8 1 Introduction

Zhang, Guangyu

57

General Physics, Physics 12 [Science Curriculum Materials].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Physics 12 curriculum guide represents one in a series of science guides especially designed to provide for the pupil whose primary interests are in non-science fields. The program provides study in physics in which fundamental concepts and understandings are developed, mathematical concepts are limited, and students are encouraged to relate…

Rochester City School District, NY.

58

Physical Sciences 2007 Science & Technology Highlights  

SciTech Connect

The Physical Sciences Directorate applies frontier physics and technology to grand challenges in national security. Our highly integrated and multidisciplinary research program involves collaborations throughout Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the National Nuclear Security Administration, the Department of Energy, and with academic and industrial partners. The Directorate has a budget of approximately $150 million, and a staff of approximately 350 employees. Our scientists provide expertise in condensed matter and high-pressure physics, plasma physics, high-energy-density science, fusion energy science and technology, nuclear and particle physics, accelerator physics, radiation detection, optical science, biotechnology, and astrophysics. This document highlights the outstanding research and development activities in the Physical Sciences Directorate that made news in 2007. It also summarizes the awards and recognition received by members of the Directorate in 2007.

Hazi, A U

2008-04-07

59

Comparing the Job Choice Exercise and the Multiple Choice Version of the Miner Sentence Completion Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data were collected from 113 undergraduate management students, 31 campus leaders, and 28 campus nonleaders on the Job Choice Exercise (JCE) and the multiple choice version of the Miner Sentence Completion Scale (MSCS). The JCE and the multiple choice MSCS were not significantly correlated and therefore appear to measure different attributes, both of which have been labeled managerial motivation.

Michael J. Stahl; David W. Grigsby; Anil Gulati

1985-01-01

60

Mind the Red Herrings--Deliberate Distraction of Pupil's Strategies Solving Multiple Choice Questions in Chemistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assumes that multiple choice test items generally provide the testee with several solutions, one of which is correct and the others of which are wrong. If pupils are unable to answer a question, one would expect that the wrong choices have equal chances of being selected. In many multiple choice items on stoichiometric calculation which…

Schmidt, Hans-Jurgen

61

Empirical Estimates of the Comparative Reliability of Matching Tests and Multiple-Choice Tests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three types of test were compared: a completion test, a matching test, and a multiple-choice test. The completion test was more reliable than the matching test, and the matching test was more reliable than the multiple-choice test. (Author/BW)

Zimmerman, Donald W.; And Others

1984-01-01

62

Effects of Multiple-Choice and Matching Tests on Delayed Retention Learning in Postsecondary Metals Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate metals technology students (n=52) took a multiple-choice test, 49 a matching test, and 47 no test. All took an unannounced delayed retention test 3 weeks later. Initial testing aided retention, with no differences between matching and multiple-choice groups. The matching group had a small but significant score increase on new…

Haynie, W. J., III

2003-01-01

63

A Diagnostic Study of Pre-Service Teachers' Competency in Multiple-Choice Item Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Large class size is an issue in testing at all levels of Education. As a panacea to this, multiple choice test formats has become very popular. This case study was designed to diagnose pre-service teachers' competency in constructing questions (IQT); direct questions (DQT); and best answer (BAT) varieties of multiple choice items. Subjects were 88…

Asim, Alice E.; Ekuri, Emmanuel E.; Eni, Eni I.

2013-01-01

64

Validation of a Multiple-Choice Cloze Test of Literal Comprehension: Summary Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the development and validation of a test of literal comprehension based on a modified cloze technique. This modification of the cloze offers an objective and partially computerized procedure for constructing items in the multiple-choice format. A field test of the multiple-choice cloze (MCC) involved the administration of 36…

O'Reilly, Robert P.; And Others

65

Testing Collective Memory: Representing the Soviet Union on Multiple-Choice Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article tests the assumption that state-mandated multiple-choice history exams are a cultural tool for disseminating an "official" collective memory. Findings from a qualitative study of a collection of multiple-choice questions that relate to the history of the Soviet Union are presented. The 263 questions all come from New York State…

Reich, Gabriel A.

2011-01-01

66

Are Multiple Choice Tests Fair to Medical Students with Specific Learning Disabilities?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of multiple choice tests of medical knowledge is to estimate as accurately as possible a candidate's level of knowledge. However, concern is sometimes expressed that multiple choice tests may also discriminate in undesirable and irrelevant ways, such as between minority ethnic groups or by sex of candidates. There is little literature…

Ricketts, Chris; Brice, Julie; Coombes, Lee

2010-01-01

67

WHAT CAN YOU LEARN FROM A (GOOD) MULTIPLE-CHOICE EXAM? Lei Baoa, Edward F. Redishb  

E-print Network

" of knowledge, we create methods of extracting measures of the state of confusion of the class. By this we mean a tool to extract information from a research-based multiple-choice test and a tool to be used on research-based multiple-choice questions can yield information on the students' state: for a particular

Maryland at College Park, University of

68

The Use of a Comprehensive Multiple Choice Final Exam in the Macroeconomics Principles Course: An Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes the results of a pilot study at Glendale Community College (Arizona) to assess the effectiveness of a comprehensive multiple choice final exam in the macroeconomic principles course. The "pilot project" involved the administration of a 50-question multiple choice exam to 71 students in three macroeconomics sections. The…

Petrowsky, Michael C.

69

Intermittent quizzing enhances learning in a middle school classroom 1 Both Multiple-Choice and Short-Answer Quizzes Enhance Later Exam  

E-print Network

of information on classroom exams taken for a grade. In 7th grade science and high school history classesIntermittent quizzing enhances learning in a middle school classroom 1 Both Multiple-Choice and Short-Answer Quizzes Enhance Later Exam Performance in Middle and High School Classes Kathleen B. Mc

McDermott, Kathleen

70

Physical Rehabilitation Science Doctoral Program  

E-print Network

Physical Rehabilitation Science Doctoral Program Student Handbook PRS Student Handbook, updated 8/09 3 Overview of the Program The Doctor of Philosophy program in Physical Rehabilitation Science is aimed at training researchers capable of advancing the field of physical rehabilitation in order

Weber, David J.

71

UFOs and Physical Sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The psycho-sociological reasons why the academic science is not willing to face operatively and officially a hard problem such as the 'UFO phenomenon', are introduced in the ambit of an episthemological discussion. It is shown how such a phenomenon, due to his peculiar nature, might impose a drastic revision of the laws of physics which are commonly accepted. It is demonstrated how a strict application of the measurement methods which are normally adopted by physics can permit to obtain relevant quantitative results, whatever they are. As an example of such a procedure, the anomalous light phenomenology which reoccurs in the Hessdalen valley in Norway is presented, by showing that it represents so far the ideal worldly physical laboratory for the study of luminous phenomena in the low atmosphere. After describing the multiform morphologic and dynamic characteristics of the luminous component of the phenomenon as they are deduced from visual and photographic reports, the results coming out from the magnetometric, radiometric and radar monitoring operations which were carried out by Project Hessdalen in 1984, are presented in detail. Subsequently, the postumous analysis carried out by the author is shown, by pointing out the clear cohexistence of the magnetic and the optical phenomenology and the apparent correlation of the magnetic component of the phenomenon with maxima of solar activity. In a subsequent phase, the most credited physical theories, which have been proposed so far in order to interpret the phenomenon, are described and discussed, together with 'non-canonical hypotheses'. Finally, it is pointed out how the physical parameters which are expected to be measured with the proper instrumented equipment and aimed tactics and strategies, resemble strictly the methodology which is normally used during astrophysical observations.

Teodorani, M.

1999-03-01

72

Writing/Using Multiple-Choice Questions to Assess Higher-Order Thinking  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Most graduate entrance exams (including the GRE, MCAT, and DAT) are based on multiple-choice questions. Many later exams, such as the medical board exams, are also multiple choice. Therefore, it is important to make sure that students are prepared for higher-order multiple choice exams and the reasoning that is required to answer the questions in a proficient manner. This free selection includes the Table of Contents, Preface, and Index. As a special bonus, Chapter 24, entitled Eleven Assessment Lessons Learned at the Gate is also included.

Kerry L. Cheesman, Capital University, Columbus, Ohio

2009-02-01

73

Physical Science in Barcelona  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We provide a tour of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, following four routes through the city and one elsewhere in the city and beyond, focusing on sites of importance in physics. Route 1 covers the Old Town, its Gothic Quarter, Plaça del Rei, Plaça de Sant Jaume, and Jewish Quarter. Route 2 identifies sites on and close to La Rambla, the main promenade in the city. Route 3 goes from the medieval shipyards to the Board of Commerce to Citadel Park. Route 4 concentrates on the Extension ( Eixample) and covers the restored University, the Industrial University, and the new campus of the University of Barcelona. Elsewhere in the city and beyond are the Fabra Observatory; the Plaça de les Glòries with its large steel sculpture depicting the meridian arc from Dunkirk to Barcelona; Montjuïc, the site of the National Art Museum of Catalonia; and the National Museum of Science and Technology in Terrassa.

Roca-Rosell, Antoni; Roqué, Xavier

2013-12-01

74

Training College Physics and Physical Science Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes survey data about the need and appropriate character of graduate degree programs designed to prepare two-year and four-year college physics and physical science teachers. Indicates that future employment favors two-year college teachers with a master's degree in the region west of the Mississippi River. (CC)

Henderson, R. B.; And Others

1974-01-01

75

Memorial Consequences of Multiple-choice Testing on Immediate and Delayed Tests  

PubMed Central

Multiple-choice testing has both positive and negative consequences for performance on later tests. Prior testing increases the number of questions answered correctly on a later test, but also increases the likelihood that questions will be answered with lures from the previous multiple-choice test (Roediger & Marsh, 2005). Prior research has shown that positive effects of testing persist over a delay, but no one has examined the durability of negative effects of testing. To address this, subjects took multiple-choice and cued recall tests (on subsets of questions) both immediately and a week after studying. Although delay reduced both the positive and negative testing effects, both still occurred after one week, especially if the multiple-choice test had also been delayed. These results are consistent with the argument that recollection underlies both the positive and negative testing effects. PMID:20516221

Fazio, Lisa K.; Agarwal, Pooja K.; Marsh, Elizabeth J.; Roediger, Henry L.

2014-01-01

76

Are faculty predictions or item taxonomies useful for estimating the outcome of multiple-choice examinations?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes a study evaluating whether multiple-choice item difficulty could be predicted either by a subjective judgment by the question author or by applying a learning taxonomy to the items.

Jonathan D. Kibble (University of Central Florida College of Medicine)

2011-12-01

77

Physics transforming the life sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Biological physics is clearly becoming one of the leading sciences of the 21st century. This field involves the cross-fertilization of ideas and methods from biology and biochemistry on the one hand and the physics of complex and far from equilibrium systems on the other. Here I want to discuss how biological physics is a new area of physics and not simply applications of known physics to biological problems. I will focus in particular on the new advances in theoretical physics that are already flourishing today. They will become central pieces in the creation of this new frontier of science.

Onuchic, José N.

2014-10-01

78

Reports | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Contributions from outside the field of cancer biology are the cornerstone of the Physical Sciences in Oncology initiative. In order to gather ideas and suggestions from the research community about the latest science and new opportunities, the NCI organizes Workshops and Think Tanks that bring together thought leaders from the fields of cancer biology, physics, chemistry, mathematics, modeling, engineering, and nanotechnology.

79

Powerful Ideas in Physical Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Powerful Ideas in Physical Science (PIPS) is a preservice curriculum that provides modules for physical science courses designed for elementary education majors. Because the courses are built on the learning cycle approach, students develop concepts from activities and then apply this conceptual knowledge. A summative evaluation done by Horizon Research, Inc. looked at the implementation and institutionalization of PIPS.

John W. Layman

2004-07-01

80

Gender Differences in Mathematics Self-Efficacy and Back Substitution in Multiple-Choice Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

A quantitative observational study exploring the relationship of gender to mathematics self-efficacy and the frequency of back substitution in multiple-choice assessment sampled undergraduates at a western United States parochial uni- versity. Research questions addressed: to what extent are there gender differences in mathematics self-efficacy, as demonstrated on multiple-choice test items; and to what extent are there gender differences in the

K. Shane Goodwin; Lee Ostrom; Karen Wilson Scott

81

Test of understanding of vectors: A reliable multiple-choice vector concept test  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this article we discuss the findings of our research on students' understanding of vector concepts in problems without physical context. First, we develop a complete taxonomy of the most frequent errors made by university students when learning vector concepts. This study is based on the results of several test administrations of open-ended problems in which a total of 2067 students participated. Using this taxonomy, we then designed a 20-item multiple-choice test [Test of understanding of vectors (TUV)] and administered it in English to 423 students who were completing the required sequence of introductory physics courses at a large private Mexican university. We evaluated the test's content validity, reliability, and discriminatory power. The results indicate that the TUV is a reliable assessment tool. We also conducted a detailed analysis of the students' understanding of the vector concepts evaluated in the test. The TUV is included in the Supplemental Material as a resource for other researchers studying vector learning, as well as instructors teaching the material.

Barniol, Pablo; Zavala, Genaro

2014-06-01

82

Benford’s Law: Textbook Exercises and Multiple-Choice Testbanks  

PubMed Central

Benford’s Law describes the finding that the distribution of leading (or leftmost) digits of innumerable datasets follows a well-defined logarithmic trend, rather than an intuitive uniformity. In practice this means that the most common leading digit is 1, with an expected frequency of 30.1%, and the least common is 9, with an expected frequency of 4.6%. Currently, the most common application of Benford’s Law is in detecting number invention and tampering such as found in accounting-, tax-, and voter-fraud. We demonstrate that answers to end-of-chapter exercises in physics and chemistry textbooks conform to Benford’s Law. Subsequently, we investigate whether this fact can be used to gain advantage over random guessing in multiple-choice tests, and find that while testbank answers in introductory physics closely conform to Benford’s Law, the testbank is nonetheless secure against such a Benford’s attack for banal reasons. PMID:25689468

Slepkov, Aaron D.; Ironside, Kevin B.; DiBattista, David

2015-01-01

83

The Growth of Physical Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

1. The remote beginnings; 2. Ionia and early Greece; 3. Science and Alexandria; 4. Science in the dark ages; 5. The birth of modern science; 6. The century of genius; 7. The two centuries after Newton; 8. The era of modern physics.

Jeans, James

2009-07-01

84

Physics and College of Arts and Sciences  

E-print Network

and Professional Writing Physics 188: First-Year Seminar Physics 303: Modern Physics I Physics 320: Mechanics Physics II Physics 320: Mechanics Physics 330: Thermal Physics Physics 341: Electricity and Magnetism IPhysics and Astronomy College of Arts and Sciences Degree Options Bachelor of Science in Physics

Collins, Gary S.

85

A participatory learning approach to biochemistry using student authored and evaluated multiple-choice questions.  

PubMed

A participatory learning approach, combined with both a traditional and a competitive assessment, was used to motivate students and promote a deep approach to learning biochemistry. Students were challenged to research, author, and explain their own multiple-choice questions (MCQs). They were also required to answer, evaluate, and discuss MCQs written by their peers. The technology used to support this activity was PeerWise--a freely available, innovative web-based system that supports students in the creation of an annotated question repository. In this case study, we describe students' contributions to, and perceptions of, the PeerWise system for a cohort of 107 second-year biomedical science students from three degree streams studying a core biochemistry subject. Our study suggests that the students are eager participants and produce a large repository of relevant, good quality MCQs. In addition, they rate the PeerWise system highly and use higher order thinking skills while taking an active role in their learning. We also discuss potential issues and future work using PeerWise for biomedical students. PMID:21948507

Bottomley, Steven; Denny, Paul

2011-01-01

86

Concepts in Physical Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contained in this experimental test are instructional materials for a one-semester course designed to give liberal arts students an appreciation of (1) the nature of science, (2) the development of science, (3) the contributions of scientists, (4) the impact of scientific discoveries on mankind, and (5) the possible future effects of science. The…

Puri, O. P.

87

Physics Biology Earth Sciences Medicine  

E-print Network

; Organic Chemistry Inorganic Chemistry Analytical Chemistry Physical Chemistry Heterocyclic Chemistry §1-1 §1-2 §1-3 §1-4 #12; Physics Biology Earth Sciences Medicine Chemistry Organometallic Chemistry Solid State Chemistry Main Groups Chemistry Coordination Chemistry Polymer Chemistry

Wu, Yih-Min

88

Multiple-choice Assessment for Upper-division Electricity and Magnetism  

E-print Network

The Colorado Upper-division Electrostatics (CUE) diagnostic was designed as an open-ended assessment in order to capture elements of student reasoning in upper-division electrostatics. The diagnostic has been given for many semesters at several universities resulting in an extensive database of CUE responses. To increase the utility and scalability of the assessment, we used this database along with research on students' difficulties to create a multiple-choice version. The new version explores the viability of a novel test format where students select multiple responses and can receive partial credit based on the accuracy and consistency of their selections. This format was selected with the goal of preserving insights afforded by the open-ended format while exploiting the logistical advantages of a multiple-choice assessment. Here, we present examples of the questions and scoring of the multiple-choice CUE as well as initial analysis of the test's validity, item difficulty, discrimination, and overall consi...

Wilcox, Bethany R

2013-01-01

89

Simple model for multiple-choice collective decision making  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe a simple model of heterogeneous, interacting agents making decisions between n ?2 discrete choices. For a special class of interactions, our model is the mean field description of random field Potts-like models and is effectively solved by finding the extrema of the average energy E per agent. In these cases, by studying the propagation of decision changes via avalanches, we argue that macroscopic dynamics is well captured by a gradient flow along E . We focus on the permutation symmetric case, where all n choices are (on average) the same, and spontaneous symmetry breaking (SSB) arises purely from cooperative social interactions. As examples, we show that bimodal heterogeneity naturally provides a mechanism for the spontaneous formation of hierarchies between decisions and that SSB is a preferred instability to discontinuous phase transitions between two symmetric points. Beyond the mean field limit, exponentially many stable equilibria emerge when we place this model on a graph of finite mean degree. We conclude with speculation on decision making with persistent collective oscillations. Throughout the paper, we emphasize analogies between methods of solution to our model and common intuition from diverse areas of physics, including statistical physics and electromagnetism.

Lee, Ching Hua; Lucas, Andrew

2014-11-01

90

Simple model for multiple-choice collective decision making.  

PubMed

We describe a simple model of heterogeneous, interacting agents making decisions between n?2 discrete choices. For a special class of interactions, our model is the mean field description of random field Potts-like models and is effectively solved by finding the extrema of the average energy E per agent. In these cases, by studying the propagation of decision changes via avalanches, we argue that macroscopic dynamics is well captured by a gradient flow along E. We focus on the permutation symmetric case, where all n choices are (on average) the same, and spontaneous symmetry breaking (SSB) arises purely from cooperative social interactions. As examples, we show that bimodal heterogeneity naturally provides a mechanism for the spontaneous formation of hierarchies between decisions and that SSB is a preferred instability to discontinuous phase transitions between two symmetric points. Beyond the mean field limit, exponentially many stable equilibria emerge when we place this model on a graph of finite mean degree. We conclude with speculation on decision making with persistent collective oscillations. Throughout the paper, we emphasize analogies between methods of solution to our model and common intuition from diverse areas of physics, including statistical physics and electromagnetism. PMID:25493831

Lee, Ching Hua; Lucas, Andrew

2014-11-01

91

Physical Sciences in Lisbon  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We provide a two-day tour of Lisbon, Portugal, focusing on sites of scientific and technological importance, setting them within their historical contexts. On the first day we visit the Academy of Sciences of Lisbon, the building that successively housed the College of Nobles, the Polytechnic School, and the University of Lisbon Faculty of Sciences, and then go on to the Arpad Szenes-Vieira da Silva Museum and the Astronomical Observatory of Lisbon. On the second day we visit the Industrial Institute and Museum, the Geographical Society of Lisbon, the Jesuit College of Santo Antão, and the Technical Institute.

Simões, Ana; Diogo, Maria Paula; Carneiro, Ana

2012-09-01

92

Illusion of Linearity in Geometry: Effect in Multiple-Choice Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to examine if there is a difference in the performance on non-linear problems regarding age, gender, and solving situation, and whether the multiple-choice answer format influences students' thinking. A total of 112 students, aged 15-16 and 18-19, were asked to solve problems for which solutions based on proportionality…

Vlahovic-Stetic, Vesna; Pavlin-Bernardic, Nina; Rajter, Miroslav

2010-01-01

93

A Participatory Learning Approach to Biochemistry Using Student Authored and Evaluated Multiple-Choice Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A participatory learning approach, combined with both a traditional and a competitive assessment, was used to motivate students and promote a deep approach to learning biochemistry. Students were challenged to research, author, and explain their own multiple-choice questions (MCQs). They were also required to answer, evaluate, and discuss MCQs…

Bottomley, Steven; Denny, Paul

2011-01-01

94

Read-Aloud Accommodation: Effects on Multiple-Choice Reading and Math Items. Technical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most prevalent and controversial accommodations for students with disabilities is an audio presentation of written test material, the "read-aloud" accommodation. This study used test administration data from the Missouri Assessment Program to examine effects of using the read-aloud accommodation on the characteristics of multiple-choice

Bielinski, John; Thurlow, Martha; Ysseldyke, James; Freidebach, Jim; Freidebach, Melodie

95

Gender Differences in Performance on Multiple-Choice and Constructed Response Mathematics Items.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gender differences in performance on multiple-choice and constructed-response items in mathematics were studied with 3592 11th graders taking a high school graduation examination. Results suggest that gender differences in mathematics may be linked to content and item format, thus supporting the usefulness of a many-faceted Rasch model for…

Garner, Mary; Engelhard, George, Jr.

1999-01-01

96

Grading Multiple Choice Exams with Low-Cost and Portable Computer-Vision Techniques  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although technology for automatic grading of multiple choice exams has existed for several decades, it is not yet as widely available or affordable as it should be. The main reasons preventing this adoption are the cost and the complexity of the setup procedures. In this paper, "Eyegrade," a system for automatic grading of multiple…

Fisteus, Jesus Arias; Pardo, Abelardo; García, Norberto Fernández

2013-01-01

97

"I Don't Know" and Multiple Choice Analysis of Pre- and Post-Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation is an essential component of any Extension education program. One tool, the pre- and post-test, provides measurable evaluation data. Yet often the answer "I don't know" or all possible answers to a multiple choice question are not included in the repeated measure analysis. Because more than two answers are offered, the test of marginal…

Spears, Karen; Wilson, Mary

2010-01-01

98

Examining the Prediction of Reading Comprehension on Different Multiple-Choice Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, 180 Norwegian fifth-grade students with a mean age of 10.5 years were administered measures of word recognition skills, strategic text processing, reading motivation and working memory. Six months later, the same students were given three different multiple-choice reading comprehension measures. Based on three forced-order…

Andreassen, Rune; Braten, Ivar

2010-01-01

99

Are Faculty Predictions or Item Taxonomies Useful for Estimating the Outcome of Multiple-Choice Examinations?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether multiple-choice item difficulty could be predicted either by a subjective judgment by the question author or by applying a learning taxonomy to the items. Eight physiology faculty members teaching an upper-level undergraduate human physiology course consented to participate in the study. The…

Kibble, Jonathan D.; Johnson, Teresa

2011-01-01

100

A Self-Correcting Approach to Multiple-Choice Exams Improves Students' Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Montepare suggested the use of a self-correcting approach to multiple-choice tests: Students first take the exam as usual, but are allowed to hand in a self-corrected version afterwards. The idea of this approach is that the additional interaction with the material may foster further learning. To examine whether such an approach actually improves…

Grühn, Daniel; Cheng, Yanhua

2014-01-01

101

Multiple-Choice Question Tests: A Convenient, Flexible and Effective Learning Tool? A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research presented in this paper is part of a project investigating assessment practices, funded by the Scottish Funding Council. Using established principles of good assessment and feedback, the use of online formative and summative multiple choice tests (MCT's) was piloted to support independent and self-directed learning and improve…

Douglas, Mercedes; Wilson, Juliette; Ennis, Sean

2012-01-01

102

The Relationship of Headings, Questions, and Locus of Control to Multiple-Choice Test Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This experiment examined the effects of headings and adjunct questions embedded in expository text on the delayed multiple-choice test performance of college students. Subjects in the headings-present group performed significantly better on the retention test than did the subjects in the headings-absent group. The main effect of adjunct questions…

Wilhite, Stephen C.

103

A Statistical Test for Detecting Answer Copying on Multiple-Choice Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A statistical test for the detection of answer copying on multiple-choice tests is presented. The test is based on the idea that the answers of examinees to test items may be the result of three possible processes: (1) knowing, (2) guessing, and (3) copying, but that examinees who do not have access to the answers of other examinees can arrive at…

van der Linden, Wim J.; Sotaridona, Leonardo

2004-01-01

104

Pick-N Multiple Choice-Exams: A Comparison of Scoring Algorithms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To compare different scoring algorithms for Pick-N multiple correct answer multiple-choice (MC) exams regarding test reliability, student performance, total item discrimination and item difficulty. Data from six 3rd year medical students' end of term exams in internal medicine from 2005 to 2008 at Munich University were analysed (1,255 students,…

Bauer, Daniel; Holzer, Matthias; Kopp, Veronika; Fischer, Martin R.

2011-01-01

105

Answer Changing on Multiple-Choice Test Items among Eighth-Grade Readers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of answer-changing on a multiple-choice test were studied for 27 poor readers and 26 good readers (19 males and 34 females) in eighth grade. Overall, subjects benefited from answer-changing. Answer-changing among young examinees should be encouraged if there is reasonable doubt about their first impression. (SLD)

Casteel, Clifton A.

1991-01-01

106

A Better Benchmark Assessment: Multiple-Choice versus Project-Based  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this literature review and Ex Post Facto descriptive study was to determine which type of benchmark assessment, multiple-choice or project-based, provides the best indication of general success on the history portion of the CST (California Standards Tests). The result of the study indicates that although the project-based benchmark…

Peariso, Jamon F.

2006-01-01

107

Finding Relationships between Multiple-Choice Math Tests and Their Stem-Equivalent Constructed Responses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study takes a close look at relationships between scores on a Mathematics standardized test in two different testing formats--Multiple-Choice (MC) and Constructed Response (CR). Many studies have been dedicated to finding correlations between item format characteristics with regards to race and gender. Few studies, however, have attempted to…

Chaoui, Nayla Aad

2011-01-01

108

Multiple-Choice versus Constructed-Response Tests in the Assessment of Mathematics Computation Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The equivalence of multiple-choice (MC) and constructed response (discrete) (CR-D) response formats as applied to mathematics computation at grade levels two to six was tested. The difference between total scores from the two response formats was tested for statistical significance, and the factor structure of items in both response formats was…

Gadalla, Tahany M.

109

Differences between multiple choice items and constructed response items in the IEA timss surveys  

Microsoft Academic Search

In international large-scale surveys, constructed response (CR) items are increasingly being used and multiple-choice (MC) items are being used less frequently. In this article the two item types will be compared in terms of any differences they have on national mean scores. TIMSS 1995 and TIMSS 1999 data have been used. Are there different effects of the question types for

Dirk Hastedt; Heiko Sibberns

2005-01-01

110

Physical Science in Bologna  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We provide a guide to Bologna, Italy, focusing particularly on sites of interest to physicists. Our first tour is in the city center; it begins in the Piazza Maggiore at the Palazzo d'Accursio, the Basilica di San Petronio, and the Archiginnasio (Old University) and then proceeds to the Two Towers and the Palazzo Poggi, which houses the Astronomical Observatory Museum and other important instrument and art collections; it concludes at the Physics Museum, Department of Physics and Astronomy. Our second tour again begins in the Piazza Maggiore but goes to sites beyond the city center where famous Bolognese physicists and other scientists were born, lived, and are buried. Finally, we point out important museums and other institutions on the outskirts of Bologna.

Dragoni, Giorgio; Stojanovic, Ivana

2013-03-01

111

About | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) is exploring new and innovative scientific approaches to better understand and control cancer. The Division of Cancer Biology’s Physical Sciences in Oncology Initiative seeks to establish research projects that bring together cancer biologists and oncologists with scientists from the fields of physics, mathematics, chemistry, and engineering to address some of the major questions and barriers in cancer research.

112

Can Peer Instruction Be Effective in Upper-Division Computer Science Courses?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer Instruction (PI) is an active learning pedagogical technique. PI lectures present students with a series of multiple-choice questions, which they respond to both individually and in groups. PI has been widely successful in the physical sciences and, recently, has been successfully adopted by computer science instructors in lower-division,…

Bailey Lee, Cynthia; Garcia, Saturnino; Porter, Leo

2013-01-01

113

Centers | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Johns Hopkins University Johns Hopkins University Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (JHU PS-OC) will explore the mechanical forces in cancer that bolster the tumor metastatic cascade. Metastatic disease is the cause for the preponderance of deaths related to cancer. In fact, relative survival significantly decreases for cancer patients who present with metastases at the time of their diagnosis.

114

End-of-Grade Multiple-Choice Test Results, 2001-2002. Measuring Up. E&R Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) students in grades 3 through 8 took the North Carolina End-of-Grade (EOG) multiple-choice tests during the months of May and June of 2002. These tests are the basis of the accountability program referred to as ABCs, Accountability, Basics, and Control. WCPSS EOG multiple-choice results for 2001-2002 show…

Dulaney, Chuck; Regan, Roger

115

Effects of Mayfield's Four Questions (M4Q) on Nursing Students' Self-Efficacy and Multiple-Choice Test Scores  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of being taught the Mayfield's Four Questions multiple-choice test-taking strategy on the perceived self-efficacy and multiple-choice test scores of nursing students in a two-year associate degree program. Experimental and control groups were chosen by stratified random sampling. Subjects completed the 10-statement…

Mayfield, Linda Riggs

2010-01-01

116

The Relationship of Deep and Surface Study Approaches on Factual and Applied Test-Bank Multiple-Choice Question Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the advent of online test banks and large introductory classes, instructors have often turned to textbook publisher-generated multiple-choice question (MCQ) exams in their courses. Multiple-choice questions are often divided into categories of factual or applied, thereby implicating levels of cognitive processing. This investigation examined…

Yonker, Julie E.

2011-01-01

117

Meta-Evaluation in Clinical Anatomy: A Practical Application of Item Response Theory in Multiple Choice Examinations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes a study measuring the quality of a clinical anatomy multiple-choice final examination using item response theory (IRT) models. The purpose for this study was to evaluate how well a traditional multiple choice exam from an older curriculum discriminated undergraduate medical students taking an updated clinical based anatomy course. Outcomes are discussed.

Milton Severo (University of Porto Medical Education)

2009-11-18

118

Sex Differences in the Relationship of Advanced Placement Essay and Multiple-Choice Scores to Grades in College Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Essay and multiple-choice scores from Advanced Placement (AP) examinations in American History, European History, English Language and Composition, and Biology were matched with freshman grades in a sample of 32 colleges. Multiple-choice scores from the American History and Biology examinations were superior to essays for predicting overall grade…

Bridgeman, Brent; Lewis, Charles

119

Application of Item Analysis to Assess Multiple-Choice Examinations in the Mississippi Master Cattle Producer Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Item analysis can serve as a useful tool in improving multiple-choice questions used in Extension programming. It can identify gaps between instruction and assessment. An item analysis of Mississippi Master Cattle Producer program multiple-choice examination responses was performed to determine the difficulty of individual examinations, assess the…

Parish, Jane A.; Karisch, Brandi B.

2013-01-01

120

The Effects of Clinically Relevant Multiple-Choice Items on the Statistical Discrimination of Physician Clinical Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To test the effect of clinically relevant multiple-choice item content on the validity of statistical discriminations of physicians' clinical competence, data were collected from a field test of the Emergency Medicine Examination, test items for the certification of specialists in emergency medicine. Two 91-item multiple-choice subscales were…

Downing, Steven M.; Maatsch, Jack L.

121

Map of the Physical Sciences  

SciTech Connect

Various efforts to map the structure of science have been undertaken over the years. Using a new tool, VxInsight{trademark}, we have mapped and displayed 3000 journals in the physical sciences. This map is navigable and interactively reveals the structure of science at many different levels. Science mapping studies are typically focused at either the macro-or micro-level. At a macro-level such studies seek to determine the basic structural units of science and their interrelationships. The majority of studies are performed at the discipline or specialty level, and seek to inform science policy and technical decision makers. Studies at both levels probe the dynamic nature of science, and the implications of the changes. A variety of databases and methods have been used for these studies. Primary among databases are the citation indices (SCI and SSCI) from the Institute for Scientific Information, which have gained widespread acceptance for bibliometric studies. Maps are most often based on computed similarities between journal articles (co-citation), keywords or topics (co-occurrence or co-classification), or journals (journal-journal citation counts). Once the similarity matrix is defined, algorithms are used to cluster the data.

Boyack, Kevin W.

1999-07-02

122

2013 Events | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

This joint conference organized by the American Association of Physicists in Medicine and the Physical Sciences-Oncology Center will explore novel areas of interaction between physical and medical sciences and work towards a roadmap for future collaborative efforts.

123

Roadmap: Physical Education -Health and Physical Education Bachelor of Science  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physical Education - Health and Physical Education ­ Bachelor of Science [EH 11570 Personal Health 3 C PEP 15010 Introduction to Physical Education, Fitness and Sport 3 C Offered Education - Health and Physical Education ­ Bachelor of Science [EH-BS-PEP-HPE] College of Education, Health

Sheridan, Scott

124

2012 Events | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Final report on the Assessment of Physical Sciences and Engineering Advances in Life Sciences and Oncology (APHELION) study The NCI OPSO and the NSF gathered an expert panel consisting of prominent scientists to conduct an international Assessment of PHysical sciences and Engineering advances in LIfe sciences and ONcology (APHELION). The findings of the APHELION study provide a comprehensive, peer-reviewed set of evaluations of physical sciences-oncology research overseas in comparison to research being conducted in the United States.

125

BOOK REVIEW: Key Science Physics: New Edition and Key Science Physics for International Schools: Extension File  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When handling , I recalled how one set of sixth-form students that I taught affectionately referred to Jim Breithaupt's large format book Understanding Physics for Advanced Level as `Big Jim'. This package, for GCSE students and teachers, is its younger brother. Key Science Physics was reviewed in this journal over four years ago. Now it is in a new edition with an expanded ring file of teacher resources (a Teacher's Guide and Extension File). It has been expanded for a wider range of students to meet the requirements of all GCSE syllabuses with additional topics for IGCSE and IB. The international bit seems to be among materials in the file of resources and does not appear in the title of the students' textbook. This is not one of those purchases that will only get occasional use and be left in a department library but it is one that contains sufficient excellent material to become central to any GCSE Physics course. For the students there is a single-volume 396-page textbook in full colour (not a heavyweight book). Marginal comments point out places where an Activity or Assignment from the Extension File fits in. All the materials in the teacher's Extension File are cross referenced to the numbering of this textbook, i.e. its Themes, Topics, Checkpoints, Tests etc, not to page numbers. The margin is used in other attractive ways to highlight a summary, propose a first thought or provide a topic summary. The text is fruitful mix of pure physics, applications and personalities. To support the students' practical work the Extension File contains photocopiable sheets. For the activities and assignments a few contain a harder version to give access to the higher levels of attainment. Four alternatives to practical questions are given; there are also exam questions and multiple choice questions for each topic. These all have helpful mark schemes on the teacher's answers pages. What else do you get? A Glossary collection of sheets to photocopy with space to enter a definition in a second language. Versions of many key diagrams in the student book are enlarged and reworked in clear black and white to make OHP transparencies. There is a mention of these also being in colour on a CD-ROM. The organization of the Extension File is as clear as is reasonably possible. As a user, I would add coloured page dividers to mark the sections within it. The Teacher's Guide is admirable in its restraint - just 26 sides of topic notes - which includes the answers to the non-numerical checkpoint questions missing in the student book. It is not wordy or full of educational theory but succinct and relevant to the day-to-day business of learning with these materials. Reading it, I was aware of the snags that a novice teacher might be glad to know but were missing. As always, materials like these should come with a health warning - try out all homework sheets, instructions for activities and assignments before your students!

Maybank, Maureen

1999-09-01

126

Efficient Validation of Teaching and Learning Using Multiple-Choice Exams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

One purpose of this study was to quantify, by means of single-format, multiple-choice questions at the beginning and end of the course, the extent to which first-year medical students learn neuroscience material from an introductory course in their curriculum. A second goal was to evaluate a two-dimensional, computer-generated matrix as a way to assess test question validity and value.

PhD Mark DeSantis (University of Idaho Department of Biological Sciences/WWAMI Medical Education Program)

2003-03-01

127

Jonathan Simon Learning physics from science fiction  

E-print Network

REVIEWS Jonathan Simon Learning physics from science fiction Beyond Star Trek: Physics from Allen Invasion* to DM End of Tuiw 1997 Basic Books 176pp $2100 Many science-fiction authors try to use ideas from ideas from science fiction, before tackling the relevant physics. It may sound somewhat surprising

Simon, Jonathan Z.

128

Roadmap: Physical Education -Health and Physical Education Bachelor of Science  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physical Education - Health and Physical Education ­ Bachelor of Science [EH 11570 Personal Health 3 C PEP 15010 Introduction to Physical Education, Fitness and Sport 3 C Offered Analysis 3 C Offered in spring only #12;Roadmap: Physical Education - Health and Physical Education

Sheridan, Scott

129

Physics Department College of Science and Management  

E-print Network

FAPH05-11 Physics Department College of Science and Management Instructor 1 (Full-time Eight Month with a core campus in Prince George and regional campuses throughout northern BC. The Physics Department currently offers a Physics BSc degree, joint degrees with Mathematics, Computer Science and Chemistry

Northern British Columbia, University of

130

The Next Generation Science Standards: A Focus on Physical Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes ways to adapt U.S. science curriculum to the U.S. National Research Council (NRC) "Framework for K-12 Science Education" and "Next Generation of Science Standards" (NGSS), noting their focus on teaching the physical sciences. The overall goal of the Framework and NGSS is to help all learners develop the…

Krajcik, Joe

2013-01-01

131

College of Engineering and Physical Sciences School of Computer Science  

E-print Network

College of Engineering and Physical Sciences School of Computer Science I would highly recommend have made! Matt Roberts, ICY student Intercalated Year in Computer Science, ICY-CS ComputerUniversityofBirmingham hasstartedaninnovativenewprogramme. Termedthe`IntercalatedYearinComputer Science'(orICY-CS),itoffersstudents fromnon

Priestley, Hilary

132

MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES  

E-print Network

1 MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES Lecture List for Michaelmas, please check the Mathematical Institute Website: http Rouquier and Prof D Segal T.5 Mathematical Institute, L2 Algebraic and Symplectic Geometry Prof Joyce

Banaji,. Murad

133

MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES  

E-print Network

1 MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES Lecture List for Trinity, please check the Mathematical Institute Website: http. Rouquier T.5 Mathematical Institute, L2 Algebraic and Symplectic Geometry Prof. Joyce and Dr Szendroi T.3

Banaji,. Murad

134

MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES  

E-print Network

1 MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES Lecture List for Trinity, please check the Mathematical Institute Website: http. Subject Lecturer Time* Place GRADUATE SEMINARS Algebra Seminar Dr McGerty and Dr Nikolov T.5 Mathematical

Banaji,. Murad

135

MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES  

E-print Network

1 MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES Lecture List for Michaelmas, please check the Mathematical Institute Website: http and Prof D Segal T.5 Mathematical Institute, L2 Algebraic and Symplectic Geometry Prof Joyce and Dr

Banaji,. Murad

136

MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES  

E-print Network

1 MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES Lecture List for Michaelmas, please check the Mathematical Institute Website: http T.5 Mathematical Institute, L2 Algebraic and Symplectic Geometry Prof Joyce and Dr Szendroi T.3

Banaji,. Murad

137

MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES  

E-print Network

1 MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES Lecture List for Michaelmas, please check the Mathematical Institute Website: http.5-6:30 Mathematical Institute, C5 Algebraic and Symplectic Geometry Prof Joyce and Dr Szendroi T.3

Banaji,. Murad

138

MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES  

E-print Network

1 MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES Lecture List for Michaelmas, please check the Mathematical Institute Website: http Bridson T.5-6:30 Mathematical Institute, C5 Algebraic and Symplectic Geometry Prof Joyce and Dr Szendroi T

Banaji,. Murad

139

MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES  

E-print Network

1 MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES Lecture List for Trinity, please check the Mathematical Institute Website: http. D Segal T.5 Mathematical Institute, L2 Algebraic and Symplectic Geometry Prof. Joyce and Dr Szendroi

Banaji,. Murad

140

MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES  

E-print Network

1 MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES Lecture List for Michaelmas, please check the Mathematical Institute Website: http Segal T.5 Mathematical Institute, L2 Algebraic and Symplectic Geometry Prof Joyce and Dr Szendroi T.3

Banaji,. Murad

141

Modeling confidence judgments, response times, and multiple choices in decision making: recognition memory and motion discrimination.  

PubMed

Confidence in judgments is a fundamental aspect of decision making, and tasks that collect confidence judgments are an instantiation of multiple-choice decision making. We present a model for confidence judgments in recognition memory tasks that uses a multiple-choice diffusion decision process with separate accumulators of evidence for the different confidence choices. The accumulator that first reaches its decision boundary determines which choice is made. Five algorithms for accumulating evidence were compared, and one of them produced proportions of responses for each of the choices and full response time distributions for each choice that closely matched empirical data. With this algorithm, an increase in the evidence in one accumulator is accompanied by a decrease in the others so that the total amount of evidence in the system is constant. Application of the model to the data from an earlier experiment (Ratcliff, McKoon, & Tindall, 1994) uncovered a relationship between the shapes of z-transformed receiver operating characteristics and the behavior of response time distributions. Both are explained in the model by the behavior of the decision boundaries. For generality, we also applied the decision model to a 3-choice motion discrimination task and found it accounted for data better than a competing class of models. The confidence model presents a coherent account of confidence judgments and response time that cannot be explained with currently popular signal detection theory analyses or dual-process models of recognition. PMID:23915088

Ratcliff, Roger; Starns, Jeffrey J

2013-07-01

142

An intuitive graphical webserver for multiple-choice protein sequence search.  

PubMed

Every day tens of thousands of sequence searches and sequence alignment queries are submitted to webservers. The capitalized word "BLAST" becomes a verb, describing the act of performing sequence search and alignment. However, if one needs to search for sequences that contain, for example, two hydrophobic and three polar residues at five given positions, the query formation on the most frequently used webservers will be difficult. Some servers support the formation of queries with regular expressions, but most of the users are unfamiliar with their syntax. Here we present an intuitive, easily applicable webserver, the Protein Sequence Analysis server, that allows the formation of multiple choice queries by simply drawing the residues to their positions; if more than one residue are drawn to the same position, then they will be nicely stacked on the user interface, indicating the multiple choice at the given position. This computer-game-like interface is natural and intuitive, and the coloring of the residues makes possible to form queries requiring not just certain amino acids in the given positions, but also small nonpolar, negatively charged, hydrophobic, positively charged, or polar ones. The webserver is available at http://psa.pitgroup.org. PMID:24525401

Banky, Daniel; Szalkai, Balazs; Grolmusz, Vince

2014-04-10

143

Inter-college program between Colleges of Life Sciences & Agriculture and Engineering & Physical Sciences  

E-print Network

Inter-college program between Colleges of Life Sciences & Agriculture and Engineering & Physical between Colleges of Life Sciences & Agriculture and Engineering & Physical Sciences Offered by Natural-college program between Colleges of Life Sciences & Agriculture and Engineering & Physical Sciences Offered

Pringle, James "Jamie"

144

2009 Events | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) has awarded multiple institutional grants to establish twelve Physical Sciences-Oncology Centers (PS-OC) as part of its Physical Sciences in Oncology initiative to better understand the physical laws and principles that shape and govern the emergence and behavior of cancer. The goal of the five year initiative is to engage trans-disciplinary scientific teams from fields of physics, mathematics, chemistry and engineering to examine new, non-traditional approaches to cancer research.

145

The Relationship between Students' Views of the Nature of Science and Their Views of the Nature of Scientific Measurement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study explores the relationship between students' views of the nature of science (NOS) and their views of the nature of scientific measurement. A questionnaire with two-tier diagnostic multiple-choice items on both the NOS and measurement was administered to 179 first-year physics students with diverse school experiences. Students'…

Buffler, Andy; Lubben, Fred; Ibrahim, Bashirah

2009-01-01

146

"Physics and Life" for Europe's Science Teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The EIROforum Contribution to the European Science and Technology Week 2003 [Physics on Stage 3 Logo] What do you know about modern science? Was your school science teacher inspiring and enthusiastic? Or was physics class a good time to take a nap? Unfortunately, many young Europeans don't have the fondest memories of science in school, and the result is a widespread disinterest and lack of understanding of science among adults. This has become a real problem - especially at a time when science is having a growing impact on our daily lives, and when society needs more scientists than ever! What can be done? Some of Europe's leading research organisations, scientists and teachers have put their heads together and come up with a unique approach called "Physics on Stage" . This will be the third year that these institutes, with substantial support from the European Commission, are running this project - attacking the problem at its roots. EIROforum and "Physics on Stage 3" [EIROforum Logo] "Physics On Stage 3" is based on the very successful "Physics On Stage" concept that was introduced in 2000. It is directed towards science teachers and students in Europe's secondary schools. It is a part of the year-long build-up to the European Science and Technology Week 2003 (3-9 November), an initiative by the European Commission, and is run by seven of Europe's leading Intergovernmental Research Organizations (the EIROforum) [1]. The project addresses the content and format of science teaching in European schools , seeking to improve the quality of teaching and to find new ways to stimulate pupils to take an interest in science. Innovative and inspirational science teaching is seen as a key component to attract young people to deal with scientific issues, whether or not they finally choose a career in science. Hence, "Physics On Stage 3" aims to stimulate the interest of young people through the school teachers, who can play a key role in reversing the trend of falling interest in science and current scientific research. The goals of "Physics On Stage 3" [EWST Logo] "Physics on Stage 3" also aims to facilitate the exchange of good practice and innovative ideas among Europe's science teachers and to provide a forum for a broad debate among educators, administrators and policy-makers about the key problems in science education today. Moreover, it will make available the considerable, combined expertise of the EIROforum organisations to the European scientific teaching community, in order to promote the introduction of "fresh" science into the curricula and thus to convey a more realistic image of modern science to the pupils. "Physics on Stage 3" is concerned with basic science and also with the cross-over between different science disciplines - a trend becoming more and more important in today's science, which is not normally reflected in school curricula. A key element of the programme is to give teachers an up-to-date "insiders'" view of what is happening in science and to tell them about new, highly-diverse and interesting career opportunities for their pupils. Theme of the activities The theme of "Physics on Stage" this year is "Physics and Life" , reflecting the decision to broaden the Physics on Stage activities to encompass all the natural sciences. Including other sciences will augment the already successful concept, introducing a mixture of cross-over projects that highlight the multidisciplinary aspects of modern science. Among the many subjects to be presented are radiation, physics and the environment, astrobiology (the search for life beyond earth), complex systems, self-organising systems, sports science, the medical applications of physics, mathematics and epidemiology, etc. The main elements National activities "Physics on Stage 3" has already started and National Steering Committees in 22 countries, composed of eminent science teachers, scientists, administrators and others involved in se

2003-04-01

147

Research frontiers in the physical sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a prestigious generalist journal with a high scholarly reputation and a long influential history, the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (Series A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences), is an ideal vehicle for charting research frontiers across the physical sciences. It is the world's longest running scientific journal, and all issues since its foundation in 1665 are archived electronically

J. M. T. Thompson

2002-01-01

148

Physical Science Experiments for Scientific Glassblowing Technicians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The twenty experiments in this text have been designed to give the scientific glassblowing technician the opportunity to use scientific glass apparatus in the study of physical science. Primary emphasis of these experiments is on the practical application of the physical science program as a working tool for the scientific glassblowing technician.…

Tillis, Samuel E.; Donaghay, Herbert C.

149

Physical Science in Constructivist Early Childhood Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers at the Freeburg Early Childhood Program know that experimentation with physical science is of great interest to young children, and can begin as early as the age of 3. The constructivist teachers at this experimental school at the University of Northern Iowa worked for six years to develop a center-based approach to physical science with…

Kato, Tsuguhiko; Van Meeteren, Beth Dykstra

2008-01-01

150

Physics. Teacher's Guide. Investigations in Natural Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigations in Natural Science is a program in secondary school biology, chemistry, and physics based upon the description of science as a quest for knowledge, not the knowledge itself. This teaching guide is designed for use with the 36 physics investigations found in the student manual. These investigations focus on concepts related to:…

Renner, John W.; And Others

151

Engaging Students in Nuclear Physics Science Camp  

Microsoft Academic Search

Getting students interested in the sciences is a difficult task that all teachers face. Hope College Summer Science Camps aim to do just this by providing interesting topics to engage students of all ages with the hope that they become excited about science and school in general. In order to enthuse high school students about Physics as a possible career

Sarah Prill

2012-01-01

152

Physical Science Laboratory Manual, Experimental Version.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provided are physical science laboratory experiments which have been developed and used as a part of an experimental one year undergraduate course in general science for non-science majors. The experiments cover a limited number of topics representative of the scientific enterprise. Some of the topics are pressure and buoyancy, heat, motion,…

Cooperative General Science Project, Atlanta, GA.

153

Delayed, but not immediate, feedback after multiple-choice questions increases performance on a subsequent short-answer, but not multiple-choice, exam: evidence for the dual-process theory of memory.  

PubMed

Three experiments, two performed in the laboratory and one embedded in a college psychology lecture course, investigated the effects of immediate versus delayed feedback following a multiple-choice exam on subsequent short answer and multiple-choice exams. Performance on the subsequent multiple-choice exam was not affected by the timing of the feedback on the prior exam; however, performance on the subsequent short answer exam was better following delayed than following immediate feedback. This was true regardless of the order in which immediate versus delayed feedback was given. Furthermore, delayed feedback only had a greater effect than immediate feedback on subsequent short answer performance following correct, confident responses on the prior exam. These results indicate that delayed feedback cues a student's prior response and increases subsequent recollection of that response. The practical implication is that delayed feedback is better than immediate feedback during academic testing. PMID:25832741

Sinha, Neha; Glass, Arnold Lewis

2015-01-01

154

Teresa Schuessler | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Ms. Schuessler serves as the Health Communications Fellow for the Physical Sciences in Oncology Program. She oversees efforts to inform the scientific and lay communities about the transdisciplinary research being done across the Physical Sciences-Oncology Centers (PS-OC) program network through science writing and social media. Ms. Schuessler's responsibilities also include program evaluation and data analysis in order to assess PS-OC performance across the network.

155

The Question Complexity Rubric: Development and Application for a National Archive of Astro 101 Multiple-Choice Questions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the last two years we have been developing an online national archive of multiple-choice questions for use in the Astro 101 classroom. These questions are intended to either supplement an instructor's implementation of Think-Pair-Share or be used for assessment purposes (i.e. exams and homework). In this talk we will describe the development, testing and implementation of the Question Complexity Rubric (QCR), which is designed to guide the ranking of questions in this archive based on their conceptual complexity. Using the QCR, a score is assigned to differentiate each question based on the cognitive steps necessary to comprehensively explain the reasoning pathway to the correct answer. The lowest QCR score is given to questions with a reasoning pathway requiring only declarative knowledge whereas the highest QCR score is given to questions that require multiple pathways of multi-step reasoning. When completed, the online question archive will provide users with the utility to 1) search for and download questions based on subject and average QCR score, 2) use the QCR to score questions, and 3) add their own questions to the archive. We will also discuss other potential applications of the QCR, such as how it informs our work in developing and testing of survey instruments by allowing us to calibrate the range of question complexity. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 0715517, a CCLI Phase III Grant for the Collaboration of Astronomy Teaching Scholars (CATS). Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

Cormier, Sebastien; Prather, E. E.; Brissenden, G.; Collaboration of Astronomy Teaching Scholars CATS

2011-01-01

156

Assessment of medical knowledge: the pros and cons of using true/false multiple choice questions.  

PubMed

True/false multiple choice items, commonly referred to as true/ false multiple choice questions (MCQs), were previously a widely used selected response examination format. They can be written relatively easily and cover a wide range of content. Educational researchers have however highlighted several adverse features of this format that make it inappropriate for many assessment settings. These include: (i) there is a high chance of guessing the correct answer; (ii) some marks are not awarded for knowing the correct answer, but for knowing that an answer is incorrect; (iii) they are weak in discriminating between high and low performers; (iv) identifying items which are absolutely true or false may lead to assessment of trivial knowledge; (v) there are difficulties with constructing flawless items; (vi) they may not encourage learning around the items; and (vii) they may not assess what they purport to assess. Many assessment agencies abandoned the use of this format decades ago due to these shortcomings. The use of single best answer (SBA) and extended matching item (EMI) formats helps overcome or minimize the above weaknesses. Assessors who plan to change to SBA or EMI formats from true/false MCQs may, however, need to increase the number of questions to include a representative sample of the curriculum (lengthening the question paper). However, they may not need to increase the examination time, as in general students can answer more SBAs or EMIs than true/false MCQs per unit time. It is time that we reflect upon the disadvantages of true/false MCQs and review their place in our assessment toolkit, as their use in summative examinations may not be fair to students, especially 'good' students. PMID:22208143

Chandratilake, Madawa; Davis, Margery; Ponnamperuma, Gominda

2011-01-01

157

Physics 201, Exam 1 Name_______________________________________________________ The multiple-choice problems carry no partial credit.  

E-print Network

is forced to punt. The ball leaves the kicker's foot approximately at ground level with a speed v0 of 20 m = __________________ v0y = __________________ (b) (5) Calculate the time required for the ball to return to the ground. time = __________________ (c) (5) Calculate the distance that the ball travels downfield before

Allen, Roland E.

158

Physics for Physical Sciences: Graphing Motion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This introductory tutorial provides examples and visualizations for beginners in the fundamentals of graphing Velocity vs. Time and Position vs. Time. Physical quantities are related to graphical features, such as the relationship between slope and velocity. Images and Flash animations are used to present the material, along with examples that demonstrate problem-solving using formulas relating to displacement and constant velocity.

2004-03-14

159

Roadmap: Physical Education Physical Education Licensure Bachelor of Science  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physical Education ­ Physical Education Licensure ­ Bachelor of Science [EH-BS-PEP-PEL] College of Education, Health and Human Services School of Teaching, Learning and Curriculum Studies Education Minor [EDUC] College of Education, Health and Human Services Catalog Year: 2012-2013 Page 1 of 3

Sheridan, Scott

160

Roadmap: Physical Education Physical Education Licensure Bachelor of Science  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physical Education ­ Physical Education Licensure ­ Bachelor of Science [EH-BS-PEP-PEL] College of Education, Health and Human Services School of Teaching, Learning and Curriculum Studies Education Minor [EDUC] College of Education, Health and Human Services Catalog Year: 2013-2014 Page 1 of 3

Sheridan, Scott

161

Physical Science for Today's World Syllabus  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This pdf contains a syllabus for a course on physical science as part of the Aerospace Technology Program. Topics include motion, energy, heat, waves motions, electricity, light, atoms, chemical reactions, the universe, the solar system and nuclear reactions.

162

Project Earth Science: Physical Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Immerse your students in Earth's most abundant resource--water. Embark on a voyage of discovery as you steer your students through activities designed to teach them about currents, waves, and tides. From an understanding of the properties that make water unique, your students will get a global view of the marine environment, including the impact of human activities on the oceans. This book is one of four in NSTA's popular Project Earth Science series. The other books are Project Earth Science:Geology, Project Earth Science:Astronomy, and Project Earth Science:Meteorology .

Brent A. Ford

2000-01-01

163

Northwestern University | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Northwestern University Physical Sciences-Oncology Center's (NU PS-OC) main focus is to probe the molecular basis of information flow within malignant cells. This center’s studies will highlight diverse characteristics of gene expression and storage. Moreover, these investigators postulate that in the cancerous state, the epigenome is significantly mutated. By merging experimental molecular and cellular biology with the physical sciences, these investigators will examine the regulation and expression of genes.

164

Physical and Life Sciences 2008 Science & Technology Highlights  

SciTech Connect

This document highlights the outstanding research and development activities in the Physical and Life Sciences Directorate that made news in 2008. It also summarizes the awards and recognition received by members of the Directorate in 2008.

Correll, D L; Hazi, A U

2009-05-06

165

End-of-Grade Multiple-Choice Test Results, 2000-2001. Measuring Up. E&R Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the results of Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) students on the North Carolina End-of-Grade (EOG) multiple-choice tests from May and June 2001. The EOG tests have several components, but all are designed to measure student achievement of the knowledge and skills of the North Carolina Standard Course of Study for…

Dulaney, Chuck; Burch, Glenda

166

Developing an Array Binary Code Assessment Rubric for Multiple- Choice Questions Using Item Arrays and Binary-Coded Responses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The multiple-choice question (MCQ) is the foundation of knowledge assessment in K-12, higher education, and standardized entrance exams (including the GRE, MCAT, and DAT). However, standard MCQ exams are limited with respect to the types of questions that can be asked when there are only five choices. MCQs offering additional choices more…

Haro, Elizabeth K.; Haro, Luis S.

2014-01-01

167

An Empirical Comparison of DDF Detection Methods for Understanding the Causes of DIF in Multiple-Choice Items  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared and illustrated four differential distractor functioning (DDF) detection methods for analyzing multiple-choice items. The log-linear approach, two item response theory-model-based approaches with likelihood ratio tests, and the odds ratio approach were compared to examine the congruence among the four DDF detection methods.…

Suh, Youngsuk; Talley, Anna E.

2015-01-01

168

U.S. Court Rules that Requiring Multiple-Choice Tests May Violate the Rights of Learning-Disabled Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A suit filed by Steven E. Wynne, who has dyslexia, against the Tufts School of Medicine charged that the school discriminated against him when it refused to provide a test that did not use multiple-choice questions. Tufts filed an appeal saying the decision is an encroachment on academic freedom. (MLW)

Jaschik, Scott

1990-01-01

169

Diagnosing Secondary Students' Misconceptions of Photosynthesis and Respiration in Plants Using a Two-Tier Multiple Choice Instrument.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a multiple-choice instrument that reliably and validly diagnoses secondary students' understanding of photosynthesis and respiration in plants. Highlights the consistency of students' misconceptions across secondary levels and indicates a high percentage of students have misconceptions regarding plant physiology. (CW)

Haslam, Filocha; Treagust, David F.

1987-01-01

170

The Development of Multiple-Choice Items Consistent with the AP Chemistry Curriculum Framework to More Accurately Assess Deeper Understanding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiple-choice questions are an important part of large-scale summative assessments, such as the advanced placement (AP) chemistry exam. However, past AP chemistry exam items often lacked the ability to test conceptual understanding and higher-order cognitive skills. The redesigned AP chemistry exam shows a distinctive shift in item types toward…

Domyancich, John M.

2014-01-01

171

Bewertung von Mutiple-Choice-Klausuren, Stand: Februar 2013 I. Die Multiple-Choice-Prfung gilt als bestanden,  

E-print Network

Bewertung von Mutiple-Choice-Klausuren, Stand: Februar 2013 I. Die Multiple-Choice-Prüfung gilt als die Zahl der vom Prüfling erzielten Punkte um nicht mehr als 17 Prozent die durchschnittliche die Note 1. sehr gut, wenn mindestens 80 Prozent, 2. gut, wenn mindestens 50 Prozent, aber weniger als

Fiebig, Peter

172

Set of Criteria for Efficiency of the Process Forming the Answers to Multiple-Choice Test Items  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Is offered the set of criteria for assessing efficiency of the process forming the answers to multiple-choice test items. To increase accuracy of computer-assisted testing results, it is suggested to assess dynamics of the process of forming the final answer using the following factors: loss of time factor and correct choice factor. The model…

Rybanov, Alexander Aleksandrovich

2013-01-01

173

Using Multiple-Choice Tests to Promote Homogeneity of Class Ability Levels in Large EGP and ESP Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the effectiveness of Kuwait University Language Center Placement Tests in promoting homogeneity of class ability levels. Looks at the appropriateness of multiple-choice tests of grammar, vocabulary, and reading comprehension for placement and diagnostic purposes in large programs. Concludes that carefully designed and written…

Mason, Victor W.

1984-01-01

174

Polytomous versus Dichotomous Scoring on Multiple-Choice Examinations: Development of a Rubric for Rating Partial Credit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of assigning partial credit on multiple-choice test items is considered for items from ACS Exams. Because the items on these exams, particularly the quantitative items, use common student errors to define incorrect answers, it is possible to assign partial credits to some of these incorrect responses. To do so, however, it becomes…

Grunert, Megan L.; Raker, Jeffrey R.; Murphy, Kristen L.; Holme, Thomas A.

2013-01-01

175

So Many Choices, So Little Time: Strategies for Understanding and Taking Multiple-Choice Exams in History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning as much as possible about what to expect and how best to select among response choices enables students to improve their scores so as to reflect more fully their knowledge and abilities, whether taking the SAT, ACT, AP history exams, multiple-choice exams in college courses, the GRE, or any other standardized examinations that include…

Blackey, Robert

2009-01-01

176

Expanding the basic science debate: the role of physics knowledge in interpreting clinical findings.  

PubMed

Current research suggests a role for biomedical knowledge in learning and retaining concepts related to medical diagnosis. However, learning may be influenced by other, non-biomedical knowledge. We explored this idea using an experimental design and examined the effects of causal knowledge on the learning, retention, and interpretation of medical information. Participants studied a handout about several respiratory disorders and how to interpret respiratory exam findings. The control group received the information in standard "textbook" format and the experimental group was presented with the same information as well as a causal explanation about how sound travels through lungs in both the normal and disease states. Comprehension and memory of the information was evaluated with a multiple-choice exam. Several questions that were not related to the causal knowledge served as control items. Questions related to the interpretation of physical exam findings served as the critical test items. The experimental group outperformed the control group on the critical test items, and our study shows that a causal explanation can improve a student's memory for interpreting clinical details. We suggest an expansion of which basic sciences are considered fundamental to medical education. PMID:22002858

Goldszmidt, Mark; Minda, John Paul; Devantier, Sarah L; Skye, Aimee L; Woods, Nicole N

2012-10-01

177

MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES  

E-print Network

1 MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES Lecture List for Hilary Term check the Mathematical Institute Website: http://www.maths.ox.ac.uk/notices/lecture-lists This version. D Segal T.5 Mathematical Institute, L2 Algebraic and Symplectic Geometry Prof. Joyce and Dr Szendroi

Banaji,. Murad

178

MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES  

E-print Network

1 MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES Lecture List for Hilary Term check the Mathematical Institute Website: http://www.maths.ox.ac.uk/notices/lecture-lists This version Mathematical Institute, L2 Algebraic and Symplectic Geometry Prof. Joyce and Dr Szendroi T.3.45 Mathematical

Banaji,. Murad

179

MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES  

E-print Network

1 MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES Lecture List for Hilary Term check the Mathematical Institute Website: http://www.maths.ox.ac.uk/notices/lecture-lists This version Lecturer Time* Place GRADUATE SEMINARS Algebra Seminar Dr McGerty and Dr Nikolov T.5 Mathematical Institute

Banaji,. Murad

180

MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES  

E-print Network

1 MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES Lecture List for Hilary Term check the Mathematical Institute Website: http://www.maths.ox.ac.uk/notices/lecture-lists This version.5­6:30 Mathematical Institute, C5 Algebraic and Symplectic Geometry Prof. Joyce and Dr Szendroi T.3

Banaji,. Murad

181

MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES  

E-print Network

1 MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES Lecture List for Hilary Term check the Mathematical Institute Website: http://www.maths.ox.ac.uk/notices/lecture-lists This version. D Segal T.5 Mathematical Institute, L2 Algebraic and Symplectic Geometry Prof Joyce and Dr Szendroi

Banaji,. Murad

182

Faculty development programs improve the quality of Multiple Choice Questions items' writing  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study was to assess the utility of long term faculty development programs (FDPs) in order to improve the quality of multiple choice questions (MCQs) items' writing. This was a quasi-experimental study, conducted with newly joined faculty members. The MCQ items were analyzed for difficulty index, discriminating index, reliability, Bloom's cognitive levels, item writing flaws (IWFs) and MCQs' nonfunctioning distractors (NFDs) based test courses of respiratory, cardiovascular and renal blocks. Significant improvement was found in the difficulty index values of pre- to post-training (p = 0.003). MCQs with moderate difficulty and higher discrimination were found to be more in the post-training tests in all three courses. Easy questions were decreased from 36.7 to 22.5%. Significant improvement was also reported in the discriminating indices from 92.1 to 95.4% after training (p = 0.132). More number of higher cognitive level of Bloom's taxonomy was reported in the post-training test items (p<0.0001). Also, NFDs and IWFs were reported less in the post-training items (p<0.02). The MCQs written by the faculties without participating in FDPs are usually of low quality. This study suggests that newly joined faculties need active participation in FDPs as these programs are supportive in improving the quality of MCQs' items writing. PMID:25828516

Abdulghani, Hamza Mohammad; Ahmad, Farah; Irshad, Mohammad; Khalil, Mahmoud Salah; Al-Shaikh, Ghadeer Khalid; Syed, Sadiqa; Aldrees, Abdulmajeed Abdurrahman; Alrowais, Norah; Haque, Shafiul

2015-01-01

183

Arizona State University | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Arizona State University Physical Sciences-Oncology Center's (ASU PS-OC) foremost aim is to rigorously question the central tenets of cancer biology and to innovate paradigm shifting tactics that challenge the barriers of contemporary cancer research and treatments. These investigators hypothesize that cancer progression is linked to systematic physical differences in cells.

184

Contact Information | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) is exploring new and innovative scientific approaches to better understand and control cancer. The Office of Physical Sciences - Oncology (OPSO) leads the NCI's efforts to establish research projects that bring together cancer biologists and oncologists with scientists from the fields of physics, mathematics, chemistry, and engineering to address some of the major questions and barriers in cancer research.

185

Science for physically and mentally challenged students  

SciTech Connect

Science is all around us in everything we do, but science education is not always provided to youngsters who are physically and mentally challenged. The problem is not that most children can`t learn, it is that we are not explaining or modeling to meet each child`s needs. We must rethink our ways of teaching and enthusing. Science can be taught to, and enjoyed by, challenged youth to explain the world around them. The science should be friendly. Scientific vocabulary can be intimidating and everyday words must be used. Increased tactile and visualization methods based on social concepts and sign language can be used to improve science education for physically and mentally challenged students.

Whalen, L. [SMI Consulting, Inc., Williston, VT (United States)

1994-12-31

186

Science Class: Free Chemistry and Physics Lessons  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This free website will help you to enrich your learning in science. It provides free science online ressources for kids, students, beginners, parents looking for homeworks help and everyone curious about physics and chemistry. It can be useful for self studying, to review lessons, to prepare for science exams, for learning scientific basis and even for school projects. All learners can access without restriction to science lessons in various fields such as chemistry, electricity, optics or mechanics written with scientific rigor. Most of these lessons, written with simple words, include basics notions making them understandable by everyone.

2012-01-01

187

Technology-Enhanced Physics Programme for Community-Based Science Learning: Innovative Design and Programme Evaluation in a Theme Park  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, a new physics education programme is specifically developed for a famous theme park in Hong Kong to provide community-based science learning to her visitors, involving her three newly constructed rides. We make innovative use of digital technologies in this programme and incorporate a rigorous evaluation of the learning effectiveness of the programme. A total of around 200 students from nine local secondary schools participated in both the physics programme and its subsequent evaluation which consists of a combination of research and assessment tools, including pre- and post-multiple-choice tests, a questionnaire survey and an interview as specifically developed for this programme, or adopted from some well-accepted research instruments. Based on the evaluation of students' academic performance, there are two educationally significant findings on enhancing the students' physics learning: (a) traditionally large gender differences in physics performance and interest of learning are mostly eliminated; and (b) a less-exciting ride called the aviator (instead of the most exciting roller-coaster ride) can induce the largest learning effect (or gain in academic performance) amongst teenagers. Besides, findings from the questionnaire survey and interviews of participants are reported to reveal their views, perceptions, positive and negative comments or feedback on this programme which could provide valuable insights for future development of other similar community-based programmes.

Tho, Siew Wei; Chan, Ka Wing; Yeung, Yau Yuen

2015-02-01

188

Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

228 Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, BS, MST, MS, Ph.Smith #12;Physics and Astronomy 229 physics;biophysics;condensed matter and surface physics;earth systems science; nuclear and particle physics;observational astronomy;solar system physics;space plasma physics

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

189

Home | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Video of the NCI's recent symposium on this new and exciting frontier of cancer research. Topics include information transfer in time and space, physics of cancer, advancing cancer technologies, evolutionary dynamics in cancer, and links to clinical perspectives.

190

Impact of inquiry based distance learning and availability of classroom materials on physical science content knowledge of teachers and students in central Appalachia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Physical science is important for developing scientific literacy yet a majority of teachers responsible for physical science courses do not have an academic degree in physical science. Programs aimed at increasing teacher content knowledge can be time consuming. This dissertation examines the impact of an inquiry based, professional development program offered via distance learning on teacher content knowledge and the role of teacher content knowledge on student understanding and attitudes toward science. Seventy-three teachers participated in the study, including Group I teachers (n = 39) who completed a distance learning course, a control group (Group II) with no intervention (n = 17), and Group III teachers (n = 17) who received classroom materials and no course intervention. A multiple-choice assessment was administered to teachers at the beginning and end of the summer. A similar multiple-choice assessment was administered during the school year to students (n=3,790) of those teachers. A teacher survey assessing the frequency of activity use and teachers' perceptions of the kit was administered to teachers at the end of the school year. A student survey assessing frequency of activities in the classroom, opinions of how to learn science, and attitudes toward science was administered to students during the school year. While Group II (50.6%) and Group III (52.2%) teacher scores were both lower than Group I teacher scores (67.4%), students in Group III (42.9%) outperformed students in Group II (39.4%) following instruction, at a level equal to Group I students (43.6%). Thus, providing materials/activities was as effective at increasing student understanding as providing materials/activities and increasing teacher understanding. However, while teachers in Group I and III report similar use of and satisfaction with the materials/activities, the percentage of Group I students reporting frequent use of inquiry based activities in the classroom, strong belief that inquiry based activities help them learn science, and positive attitudes toward science increased, while the percentages of students in Groups II and III decreased. These results suggest that in order to maximize students' understanding of and attitudes toward science, professional development programs should not only include inquiry pedagogy and laboratory materials but also emphasize teacher understanding. KEYWORDS: Professional development, distance learning, classroom materials, student content knowledge, teacher content knowledge

Bradshaw, Timothy John

191

College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Winter 2013  

E-print Network

Christian Hales Physics Austin James Hannemann Mathematics Benjamin Theodore Hansen Computer Science Jamie Statistics Daniel Jones Mathematics Tyler Brady Jones Physics Ryan Austin Keck Mathematics Christine Marie Nozomu Okuda Computer Science Jane Elizabeth Ostergar Mathematics #12;College of Physical

Hart, Gus

192

Teaching Triple Science: GCSE Physics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides an introduction to teaching and learning approaches for the extension topics within GCSE Physics. It highlights some specific ideas that teachers can adopt and where to find further information. It also outlines issues for managing the change. This guide contains sevens sections: Section 1 presents the policy context;…

Learning and Skills Network (NJ3), 2007

2007-01-01

193

Department of Physical Therapy & Rehabilitation Science Doctor of Physical Therapy  

E-print Network

Education Handbook Revised July 2011 http://pt.umaryland.edu/clinical_education.asp #12;2 CONTACT of Medicine, Dept. of Physical Therapy & Rehabilitation Science (PTRS) DPT Program Student Handbook Communication, Educational Conflicts 15 IV. Clinical Education Policies and Procedures 17 Clinical Site

Weber, David J.

194

Department of Physical Therapy & Rehabilitation Science Doctor of Physical Therapy  

E-print Network

clinical education program. The handbook, however, does not replace the necessary communication between Education Handbook Revised July 2011 http://pt.umaryland.edu/clinical_education.asp #12;2 CONTACT of Medicine, Dept. of Physical Therapy & Rehabilitation Science (PTRS) DPT Program Student Handbook

Weber, David J.

195

Teaching Physical Sciences by Ocean Inquiry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This semester-long course is designed to introduce science undergraduates to ocean and climate related processes that can be used to teach general physical concepts (e.g. density, buoyancy, pressure, heat and temperature, waves), using a variety of hands-on activities. Students will be introduced to pedagogical methods that will give them the tools to communicate their science knowledge to broader audiences. The course is held at the University of Maine, Orono, Maine.

196

Preparing Teachers to Teach Physics and Physical Science by Inquiry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Physics Education Group at the University of Washington is deeply involved in preparing Kâ??12 teachers to teach physics and physical science by inquiry. During the academic year, the Department offers special courses for preservice (prospective) teachers. During the summer, the group conducts a six week, intensive NSF Summer Institute for Inservice Teachers. The group also designs and helps conduct local short-term workshops for teachers. This paper is a distillation of more than 25 years of experience in working with Kâ??12 teachers. Teacher preparation has been an integral part of our groupâ??s comprehensive program in research, curriculum development, and instruction. Research by our group focuses on investigations of student understanding in physics. The results are used to guide the design of instructional materials for various student populations at the introductory level and beyond. We have drawn on our research findings and teaching experience in developing Physics by Inquiry. This self-contained, laboratory-based curriculum is designed for use in university courses to prepare Kâ??12 teachers to teach physics and physical science effectively. Ongoing assessment of the instructional materials takes place both at our university and at pilot sites.

McDermott, Lillian C.

197

Bioresource Core | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

The Physical Sciences-Oncology Network Bioresource Core Facility (PBCF) at ATCC is a central resource for all members of the Physical Sciences-Oncology Network (PS-ON) and collaborators. The PBCF serves as a centralized distributor and repository providing the Network with common stocks of an authenticated set of non-malignant and cancerous cell lines, their derivatives, cell culture reagents, and related standard operating protocols. Investigators outside of the Network who agree to actively participate in data sharing and integration efforts are welcome to join the Network.

198

Debating science policy in the physics classroom.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is critically important that national and international science policy be scientifically grounded. To this end, the next generation of scientists and engineers will need to be technically competent, effective communicators of science, and engaged advisors in the debate and formulation of science policy. We describe three science policy debates developed for the physics classroom aimed at encouraging students to draw connections between their developing technical expertise and important science policy issues. The first debate considers the proposal for a 450-megawatt wind farm on public lands in Nantucket Sound and fits naturally into the curriculum related to alternative forms of energy production. The second debate considers national fuel-economy standards for sport-utility vehicles and can be incorporated into the curriculum related to heat engines. The third debate, suitable for the curriculum in optics, considers solid state lighting and implications of recent United States legislation that places stringent new energy-efficiency and reliability requirements on conventional lighting. The technical foundation for each of these debates fits naturally into the undergraduate physics curriculum and the material is suitable for a wide range of physics courses, including general science courses for non-majors.

Mayer, Shannon

2010-03-01

199

Accelerator science in medical physics  

PubMed Central

The use of cyclotrons and synchrotrons to accelerate charged particles in hospital settings for the purpose of cancer therapy is increasing. Consequently, there is a growing demand from medical physicists, radiographers, physicians and oncologists for articles that explain the basic physical concepts of these technologies. There are unique advantages and disadvantages to all methods of acceleration. Several promising alternative methods of accelerating particles also have to be considered since they will become increasingly available with time; however, there are still many technical problems with these that require solving. This article serves as an introduction to this complex area of physics, and will be of benefit to those engaged in cancer therapy, or who intend to acquire such technologies in the future. PMID:22374548

Peach, K; Wilson, P; Jones, B

2011-01-01

200

Princeton University | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Princeton University Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (PU PS-OC) will focus on how to control the evolution of cancer resistance to chemotherapy. Drug resistance is the major barrier to successful cancer treatment, and understanding its development will facilitate the creation of new agents with improved efficacy. These investigators will use the basics of physics to evaluate stress response mechanisms in a variety of fundamental as well as clinically relevant studies.

201

A comparative analysis of multiple-choice and student performance-task assessment in the high school biology classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared the performance of high school students on laboratory assessments. Thirty-four high school students who were enrolled in the second semester of a regular biology class or had completed the biology course the previous semester participated in this study. They were randomly assigned to examinations of two formats, performance-task and traditional multiple-choice, from two content areas, using a

Patrick Ryan Cushing

2002-01-01

202

Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

209 Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Chair F. Barry Dunning Professors in the professional, nonthesis master's programs obtain advanced training in astronomy, space science, or science, molecular, and optical physics; biophysics; condensed matter and surface physics; earth systems science

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

203

Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

257 Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, BS, MST, MS, Ph, molecular, and optical physics; biophysics; condensed matter and surface physics; earth systems scienceD The Department of Physics and Astronomy offers undergraduate and graduate programs for a wide range of interests

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

204

Physics is the fundamental science: the study of matter and  

E-print Network

PHYSICS Physics is the fundamental science: the study of matter and energy and of their interactions. Physics is the basis for all science and for all applied science and engineering. Physicists study everything from elementary particles to galaxies, from semiconductors to chaos. Because physics

205

Physical Sciences Research Priorities and Plans in OBPR  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents viewgraphs of physical sciences research priorities and plans at the Office of Biological and Physical Sciences Research (OBPR). The topics include: 1) Sixth Microgravity Fluid Physics and Transport Phenomena Conference; 2) Beneficial Characteristics of the Space Environment; 3) Windows of Opportunity for Research Derived from Microgravity; 4) Physical Sciences Research Program; 5) Fundamental Research: Space-based Results and

Eugene Trinh

2002-01-01

206

Faculty of Science Chemistry and Physics  

E-print Network

have the opportunity to take advanced courses in both physics and chemistry. This program is different Student Support Students can participate in both the Chemistry and Biochemistry Association-800-864-2860 Email: info@uwindsor.ca www.uwindsor.ca/future Faculty of Science Chemistry and Biochemistry 273-1

207

Johns Hopkins University | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Johns Hopkins University Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (JHU PS-OC) will explore the mechanical forces in cancer that bolster the tumor metastatic cascade. Metastatic disease is the cause for the preponderance of deaths related to cancer. In fact, relative survival significantly decreases for cancer patients who present with metastases at the time of their diagnosis.

208

Ohio Physical Science Education Standards- 2011  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document from the Great Lakes Fuel Cell Education Partnership contains a brief outline of the state of Ohio's physical science education standards for 2011. The document includes information about specific subjects and how they may be taught in conjunction with units on renewable energies such as solar energy, wind energy, fuel cells and biofuels. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

209

Xiaolin Nan | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Xiaolin Nan, is an assistant professor at Oregon Health and Science University. Until recently, he worked in Dr. Steven Chu’s lab doing imaging of single molecules. His background is physical chemistry and after that he trained as a biophysicist , concentrating on cancer biology.

210

Ideas and Activities for Physical Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is designed to supplement an existing physical science curriculum and to assist in providing the learning experiences required to implement an effective course. The first chapter outlines the purposes of this manual and provides a set of teaching tips. Topics such as electricity, wave motion, light, sound, periodic table and nuclear…

Chiappetta, Eugene L., Ed.

211

A Science Strategy for Space Physics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report by the Committee on Solar and Space Physics and the Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Research recommends the major directions for scientific research in space physics for the coming decade. As a field of science, space physics has passed through the stage of simply looking to see what is out beyond Earth's atmosphere. It has become a 'hard' science, focusing on understanding the fundamental interactions between charged particles, electromagnetic fields, and gases in the natural laboratory consisting of the galaxy, the Sun, the heliosphere, and planetary magnetospheres, ionospheres, and upper atmospheres. The motivation for space physics research goes far beyond basic physics and intellectual curiosity, however, because long-term variations in the brightness of the Sun virtually affect the habitability of the Earth, while sudden rearrangements of magnetic fields above the solar surface can have profound effects on the delicate balance of the forces that shape our environment in space and on the human technology that is sensitive to that balance. The several subfields of space physics share the following objectives: to understand the fundamental laws or processes of nature as they apply to space plasmas and rarefied gases both on the microscale and in the larger complex systems that constitute the domain of space physics; to understand the links between changes in the Sun and the resulting effects at the Earth, with the eventual goal of predicting the significant effects on the terrestrial environment; and to continue the exploration and description of the plasmas and rarefied gases in the solar system.

1995-01-01

212

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Megan Renee Hirschi Biochemistry Carl William Hoiland Geology Rebecca Elise Jack Mathematics Education Actuarial Science Lauren Rose Richey Physics Adam Mark Rogers Computer Science Conrad Waldhar Rosenbrock

Hart, Gus

213

Individualized Instruction in Science, Introductory Physical Science, Learning Activity Packages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning Activity Packages (LAP) mostly relating to the Introductory Physical Science Text are presented in this manual for use in sampling a new type of instruction. The total of 14 topics are incorporated into five units: (1) introduction to individualized learning; (2) observation versus interpretation; (3) quantity of matter; (4) introduction…

Kuczma, R. M.

214

The Physical Sciences. Report of the National Science Board Submitted to the Congress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent advances in the physical sciences, including astronomy, chemical synthesis, chemical dynamics, solid-state sciences, atomic and nuclear science, and elementary particles and high-energy physics are summarized in this report to Congress. The nature of physical science, including its increasing unity, the relationship between science and…

Handler, Philip

215

Enhancing interdisciplinary, mathematics, and physical science in an undergraduate life science program through physical chemistry.  

PubMed

BIO2010 advocates enhancing the interdisciplinary, mathematics, and physical science components of the undergraduate biology curriculum. The Department of Chemistry and Life Science at West Point responded by developing a required physical chemistry course tailored to the interests of life science majors. To overcome student resistance to physical chemistry, students were enabled as long-term stakeholders who would shape the syllabus by selecting life science topics of interest to them. The initial 2 yr of assessment indicates that students have a positive view of the course, feel they have succeeded in achieving course outcome goals, and that the course is relevant to their professional future. Instructor assessment of student outcome goal achievement via performance on exams and labs is comparable to that of students in traditional physical chemistry courses. Perhaps more noteworthy, both student and instructor assessment indicate positive trends from year 1 to year 2, presumably due to the student stakeholder effect. PMID:19255133

Pursell, David P

2009-01-01

216

Key Science Physics: New Edition and Key Science Physics for International Schools: Extension File  

Microsoft Academic Search

When handling , I recalled how one set of sixth-form students that I taught affectionately referred to Jim Breithaupt's large format book Understanding Physics for Advanced Level as `Big Jim'. This package, for GCSE students and teachers, is its younger brother.Key Science Physics was reviewed in this journal over four years ago. Now it is in a new edition with

Maureen Maybank

1999-01-01

217

BOOK REVIEW: Key Science Physics: New Edition and Key Science Physics for International Schools: Extension File  

Microsoft Academic Search

When handling , I recalled how one set of sixth-form students that I taught affectionately referred to Jim Breithaupt's large format book Understanding Physics for Advanced Level as `Big Jim'. This package, for GCSE students and teachers, is its younger brother. Key Science Physics was reviewed in this journal over four years ago. Now it is in a new edition

Jim Breithaupt

1999-01-01

218

College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Winter 2014  

E-print Network

Hemakana McQuivey Computer Science Scott Romney Meek Geology Micaela E'Venette Merrill Earth & Space Sci EdCollege of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Winter 2014 To qualify for the Dean's List, students Brendan Phillip Baenziger Computer Science Heather Nicole Banack Physics Kolten Lex Barfuss Physics

Hart, Gus

219

Larry A. Nagahara, Ph.D. | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Dr. Nagahara is Director of the Office of Physical Sciences-Oncology in the Center for Strategic Scientific Initiatives (CSSI), National Cancer Institute (NCI), where he coordinates and directs program and research activities related to expanding the role of the physical sciences in cancer research, including the Physical Sciences-Oncology Centers (PS-OC) Program.

220

Research frontiers in the physical sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As a prestigious generalist journal with a high scholarly reputation and a long influential history, the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (Series A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences), is an ideal vehicle for charting research frontiers across the physical sciences. It is the world's longest running scientific journal, and all issues since its foundation in 1665 are archived electronically by JSTOR in the USA (see http://www.jstor.org/) and are accessible through most university libraries. This archive gives facsimile access, and search facilities, to the works of many famous scientists. In this brief editorial I give first an introduction to the special Christmas issues by young scientists, followed by an overview of the fields covered.

Thompson, J. M. T.

2002-12-01

221

Review of Middle School Physical Science Texts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report provides a review and critique of physical science textbooks in middle school with regard to scientific accuracy, an accurate portrayal of the scientific approach, and the appropriateness and pedagogic effectiveness of the material presented for the particular grade level. Also noted are such things as readability, attractiveness, quality of illustrations, and appropriateness of laboratory activities, home activities, exercises to test understanding, and other resources.

John L. Hubisz

2008-05-03

222

Use of a multiple choice questionnaire to stimulate TB officers to read the TB manual in Malawi.  

PubMed

Forty-four tuberculosis (TB) officers who attended the National TB Seminar were given a multiple choice questionnaire (MCQ), based on information in the TB manual. They were asked to complete the MCQ in their hospitals, using the manual, and return it within 6 weeks to the Central Unit. Thirty-one (70%) officers returned completed MCQs. There was negative marking for incorrect answers. The mean mark was 69%. Twelve (39%) officers scored 80% or higher and four (13%) scored below 50%. MCQ assessments may be a useful way of stimulating TB officers to read TB manuals and other guidelines. PMID:15137541

Salaniponi, F M; Kwanjana, J H; Gondwe, M K; Harries, A D

2004-05-01

223

Scientific Session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

On 4 October, 2007, the scientific session of the Division of Physical Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences on room-temperature superconductivity was held at the conference hall of the Lebedev Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences. The following reports were made at this session:(1) Maksimov E G (Lebedev Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow) \\

E G Maksimov; I Božovi?; E V Antipov; A M Abakumov; Yu V Kopaev; V I Belyavskii; V V Kapaev

2008-01-01

224

Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

246 Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, BS, MST, MS, Ph; biophysics; condensed matter and surface physics; earth systems science; nuclear and particle physicsD The Department of Physics and Astronomy offers undergraduate and graduate programs for a wide range of interests

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

225

Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, BS, MST, MS, Ph; biophysics; condensed matter and surface physics; earth systems science; nuclear and particle physicsD The Department of Physics and Astronomy offers undergraduate and graduate programs for a wide range of interests

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

226

Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

and surface physics; earth systems science; nuclear and particle physics; observa- tional astronomy; solar1 Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, BS, MST, MS, PhD The Department of Physics and Astronomy offers undergraduate and graduate programs for a wide range of interests

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

227

Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

233 Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Chair F. Barry Dunning Professors, molecular, and optical physics; biophysics; condensed matter and surface physics; earth systems science of Physics and Astronomy offers undergraduate and graduate programs for a wide range of interests

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

228

Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

and Astronomy 235 physics;biophysics;condensed matter and surface physics;earth systems science; nuclear234 Physics and Astronomy The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, BS, MST, MS, PhD The Department of Physics andAstronomy offers undergraduate and graduate pro- grams for a wide range of interests

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

229

College of Natural Science and Mathematics Department of Physics  

E-print Network

physics College of Natural Science and Mathematics Department of Physics 907-474-7339 www, and contributes greatly to other disciplines such as the biosciences and medicine. The undergraduate curriculum of physics, climate sciences and meteorology. The Computational Physics concentration is relevant

Hartman, Chris

230

Using Environmental Science as a Motivational Tool to Teach Physics to Non-Science Majors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A traditional physical science course was transformed into an environmental physical science course to teach physics to non-science majors. The objective of the new course was to improve the learning of basic physics principles by applying them to current issues of interest. A new curriculum was developed with new labs, homework assignments,…

Busch, Hauke C.

2010-01-01

231

The Effect of Question Order on Responses to Multiple-choice Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper, presented at the 2002 Physics Education Research Conference, investigates how the order of two related FCI questions (#13 and 14) affects students' responses. This study also investigates the effect an unrelated FCI question (#23) has on answers to the above problems. Four versions of a survey were administered before and after instruction to 243 students taking an algebra-based physics class. Versions 1 and 2 of the survey included the related physics questions in opposite order. Versions 3 and 4 included the unrelated physics question and one of the above questions. Student responses for the four versions were compared for both the pre- and post-instruction surveys.

Gray, Kara

232

The impact of two multiple-choice question formats on the problem-solving strategies used by novices and experts  

PubMed Central

Background Pencil-and-paper examination formats, and specifically the standard, five-option multiple-choice question, have often been questioned as a means for assessing higher-order clinical reasoning or problem solving. This study firstly investigated whether two paper formats with differing number of alternatives (standard five-option and extended-matching questions) can test problem-solving abilities. Secondly, the impact of the alternatives number on psychometrics and problem-solving strategies was examined. Methods Think-aloud protocols were collected to determine the problem-solving strategy used by experts and non-experts in answering Gastroenterology questions, across the two pencil-and-paper formats. Results The two formats demonstrated equal ability in testing problem-solving abilities, while the number of alternatives did not significantly impact psychometrics or problem-solving strategies utilized. Conclusions These results support the notion that well-constructed multiple-choice questions can in fact test higher order clinical reasoning. Furthermore, it can be concluded that in testing clinical reasoning, the question stem, or content, remains more important than the number of alternatives. PMID:15530166

Coderre, Sylvain P; Harasym, Peter; Mandin, Henry; Fick, Gordon

2004-01-01

233

Physical Sciences Research Priorities and Plans in OBPR  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents viewgraphs of physical sciences research priorities and plans at the Office of Biological and Physical Sciences Research (OBPR). The topics include: 1) Sixth Microgravity Fluid Physics and Transport Phenomena Conference; 2) Beneficial Characteristics of the Space Environment; 3) Windows of Opportunity for Research Derived from Microgravity; 4) Physical Sciences Research Program; 5) Fundamental Research: Space-based Results and Ground-based Applications; 6) Nonlinear Oscillations; and 7) Fundamental Research: Applications to Mission-Oriented Research.

Trinh, Eugene

2002-01-01

234

Rockets: Physical science teacher's guide with activities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This guide begins with background information sections on the history of rocketry, scientific principles, and practical rocketry. The sections on scientific principles and practical rocketry are based on Isaac Newton's three laws of motion. These laws explain why rockets work and how to make them more efficient. The background sections are followed with a series of physical science activities that demonstrate the basic science of rocketry. Each activity is designed to be simple and take advantage of inexpensive materials. Construction diagrams, materials and tools lists, and instructions are included. A brief discussion elaborates on the concepts covered in the activities and is followed with teaching notes and discussion questions. The guide concludes with a glossary of terms, suggested reading list, NASA educational resources, and an evaluation questionnaire with a mailer.

Vogt, Gregory L.; Rosenberg, Carla R. (editor)

1993-01-01

235

JSTOR: Proceedings: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 2000 back issues of this scholarly journal were made available to researchers through JSTOR (Journal Storage). JSTOR offers online access to numerous scholarly journals on a "moving wall" basis -- in which users may download the full text and figures of each article that is at least three-years-old. Currently, JSTOR coverage includes Proceedings: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 452-453, 1996-1997. Newer articles are continually added on a moving wall basis. Access is limited to participating institutions.

236

UNL Department of Physics and Astronomy Bachelor of Science Program for Physics Majors  

E-print Network

UNL Department of Physics and Astronomy Bachelor of Science Program for Physics Majors Effective-2770, paoffice@unl.edu) for the name of your advisor. The Bachelor of Science in Physics is designed for students intending to pursue graduate study or employment in Physics or a related scientific or engineering

Farritor, Shane

237

Roadmap: Physics Applied Physics -Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-APHY  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physics ­ Applied Physics - Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-APHY] College of the Arts and Sciences Department of Physics Catalog Year: 2013-2014 Page 1 of 3 | Last Updated: 27-Sept-13/LNHD and 11022 may be bypassed with sufficient background PHY 12000 Introductory Physics Seminar 1 PHY 23101

Sheridan, Scott

238

Roadmap: Physics Applied Physics -Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-APHY  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physics ­ Applied Physics - Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-PHY-APHY] College of the Arts and Sciences Department of Physics Catalog Year: 2012-2013 Page 1 of 3 | Last Updated: 22-Mar-12/LNHD and 11022 may be bypassed with sufficient background PHY 12000 Introductory Physics Seminar 1 PHY 23101

Sheridan, Scott

239

78 FR 17234 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical Sciences and Physical Sciences #66; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...the National Science Foundation and...recommendations concerning research in mathematics and physical sciences. Agenda Thursday...Synchrotron Science Subcommittee...Food/Energy/Water Subcommittee...Environmental Research and...

2013-03-20

240

Department of Physical Therapy and Human Movement Sciences Clinical Activities  

E-print Network

Department of Physical Therapy and Human Movement Sciences Clinical Activities 4 Department of Physical Therapy and Human Movement Sciences Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine CLINICAL students to observe and talk with different providers, one of whom must be a physical therapist. Different

Contractor, Anis

241

University of Tennessee Health Science Center Department of Physical Therapy  

E-print Network

University of Tennessee Health Science Center Department of Physical Therapy GRADUATE PROGRAM IN PHYSICAL THERAPY Application to Attend a Graduate Program Course: Continuing Education Credit (CEU instructor for students in the physical therapy program at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Cui, Yan

242

Bachelor of Science in Medical Physics Program at Ryerson University  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new Bachelor of Science in Medical Physics program at Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario was launched in Fall 2006. The program builds on Ryerson's strong existing capabilities in biomedical physics research. The program's point of entry is the common first year during which all students in Biology, Chemistry, Contemporary Science and Medical Physics programs complete the foundation courses that include

Tetyana Antimirova

2006-01-01

243

History and philosophy of science in physics education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physics education in the Danish upper secondary school system has undergone a major reform, starting in August 1988. The earlier science?centred physics curriculum has given way to a presentation of physics as a human activity, one way of obtaining this aim being through a compulsory introduction to elements of the history and philosophy of science. Following a brief presentation of

Henry Nielsen; Poul V. Thomsen

1990-01-01

244

Test of Understanding of Vectors: A Reliable Multiple-Choice Vector Concept Test  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we discuss the findings of our research on students' understanding of vector concepts in problems without physical context. First, we develop a complete taxonomy of the most frequent errors made by university students when learning vector concepts. This study is based on the results of several test administrations of…

Barniol, Pablo; Zavala, Genaro

2014-01-01

245

International Solar-Terrestrial Physics Science Initiative  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the European Space Agency (ESA), and the Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS) of Japan have collaborated to make available the International Solar-Terrestrial Physics (ISTP) Science Initiative. The ISTP Science initiative has five primary objectives. For example, the initiative seeks to "determine structure and dynamics in the solar interior and their role in driving solar activity." Sections included at the Website are What is the Sun-Earth Connection, Mission Connection, and What's New. Furthermore, the What is the Sun-Earth Connection section is subdivided into sections such as What is Geospace (the space in between the Earth and the Sun), Studying the Invisible Realm, and Hot Pics and Cool Movies. Spectacular colorful images of Northern and Southern Lights from Earth and Space, Sun Spotting, Images of Earth from Space, Space Weather, and movies showing comets flying into the sun, solar eclipses, and solar tornadoes are presented in the Hot Pics and Cool Movies section.

1969-12-31

246

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Jeannette Spencer Earth & Space Science Education Patrick Christian Staples Statistics Mary Erin StevensDean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Fall 2009 To qualify for the Dean's List Computer Science Kevin P Black Computer Science Anastashia Jill Blanch Mathematics Lindsay Marie Bolton

Hart, Gus

247

PHYSICAL SCIENCE IN CONTEMPORARY SOCIETY Spring Term, 2013  

E-print Network

and pseudoscience Lecture 3 Peer review Communicating science to the public Lecture 4 Guest lecture on scienceJPH 441S PHYSICAL SCIENCE IN CONTEMPORARY SOCIETY Spring Term, 2013 FINAL EXAM INFORMATION TIME: 7 at that time. #12;Lecture 1 The nature of science The scientific method Historical perspectives

Strong, Kimberly

248

Research Assistant Professor Space Science Center and Department of Physics  

E-print Network

No´e LUGAZ Research Assistant Professor Space Science Center and Department of Physics University/2006 Ph.D. Space Science 2007 M.Sc. Atmospheric and Space Sciences 2003 Institute of Aeronautics'ing´enieur) 2003 Academic Appointments Space Science Center, University of New Hampshire Research Assistant

249

Physics education research: Resources for middle school science teachers  

E-print Network

This resource letter intends to provide middle school science teachers with a collection of resources to aid them in planning and implementing a physical science curriculum. The resources are in the form of books, websites, journals, and organizations.

Krusberg, Zosia A C

2009-01-01

250

Achievement in and attitudes toward the science of sound, by middle school students, grades five through eight, both overall and by gender  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores the relationship, among middle school students, between the understanding of a physical science topic, sound, and expressed attitudes toward topics with a strong sound component. Further, it assesses these differences in achievement and attitude by grade level and by gender. An attitude inventory, comprised of 30 Likert-type questions, and a concepts-of-sound achievement instrument, comprised of 30 multiple-choice

Cynthia Faith Mariaschin-Melenson

2001-01-01

251

Katrina I. Theisz, M.S. | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Katrina joined the Office of Physical Sciences-Oncology in October 2011. Ms. Theisz's responsibilities and interests span a wide range of specialties including travel coordination for large events, workshop logistics, program evaluation, the science of team science, and social media. Ms. Theisz received her masters of science in mental health counseling from Pace University, and her bachelors of science in psychology at York College of Pennsylvania.

252

Graphene: from materials science to particle physics  

E-print Network

Since its discovery in 2004, graphene, a two-dimensional hexagonal carbon allotrope, has generated great interest and spurred research activity from materials science to particle physics and vice versa. In particular, graphene has been found to exhibit outstanding electronic and mechanical properties, as well as an unusual low-energy spectrum of Dirac quasiparticles giving rise to a fractional quantum Hall effect when freely suspended and immersed in a magnetic field. One of the most intriguing puzzles of graphene involves the low-temperature conductivity at zero density, a central issue in the design of graphene-based nanoelectronic components. While suspended graphene experiments have shown a trend reminiscent of semiconductors, with rising resistivity at low temperatures, most theories predict a constant or even decreasing resistivity. However, lattice field theory calculations have revealed that suspended graphene is at or near the critical coupling for excitonic gap formation due to strong Coulomb interactions, which suggests a simple and straightforward explanation for the experimental data. In this contribution we review the current status of the field with emphasis on the issue of gap formation, and outline recent progress and future points of contact between condensed matter physics and Lattice QCD.

Joaquín E. Drut; Timo A. Lähde; Eero Tölö

2010-11-02

253

The Light Meter: A Powerful Tool in Physical Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses physics, earth science, and physical science concepts that are challenging for students and teachers because they are difficult to understand and demonstrate. Identifies ratio and inverse-square as a unifying-concept approach according to the National Education Standards. Supports teaching based on student-centered activities, long-term…

Espinoza, Fernando

2000-01-01

254

Accelerating at Maryland Engineering, Computer Science, Mathematics, and Physics  

E-print Network

Accelerating at Maryland Engineering, Computer Science, Mathematics, and Physics The Engineering, Computer Science, Mathematics and Physics programs at the University of Maryland, College Park are all of Maryland has what you're looking for. While many high school students plan ahead for the college admission

Lathrop, Daniel P.

255

Mathematical & Physical Sciences MSc/Diploma Programme Handbook  

E-print Network

School of Mathematical & Physical Sciences MSc/Diploma Programme Handbook October 2013 ­ September 2014 Applicable and Numerical Mathematics Applied Meteorology Applied Meteorology and Climate of Mathematical and Physical Sciences We are delighted that you have chosen to study here this year. We hope

Joshi, Manoj

256

Evolutionary Dynamics in Cancer Therapy | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Participants of this Strategic Workshop included experts from oncology, evolutionary biology, and physical sciences to explore the view that cancer is a heterogeneous and adaptive disease that must be examined as a dynamic system across all length and time scales. Presentations focused on physical sciences tools and approaches that use evolutionary dynamics to model and predict the response of dynamic systems to perturbations.

257

Physics. Student Investigations and Readings. Investigations in Natural Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigations in Natural Science is a program in secondary school biology, chemistry, and physics based upon the description of science as a quest for knowledge, not the knowledge itself. This student manual contains the 36 physics investigations which focus on concepts related to: movement; vectors; falling objects; force and acceleration; a…

Renner, John W.; And Others

258

Master of Science in Earth, Environmental, and Physical Sciences Planet Earth consists of interacting systems -the  

E-print Network

Master of Science in Earth, Environmental, and Physical Sciences Planet Earth consists activities. The Masters program in Earth, Environmental, and Physical Sciences (EEPS) at Wichita State foundation of life on Earth and human societies. These systems are changing rapidly due to diverse human

259

Computer Science, Physics and Astronomy, and Applied and Materials Sciences, UNCChapel Hill January 2005 The Challenge  

E-print Network

Computer Science, Physics and Astronomy, and Applied and Materials Sciences, UNC­Chapel Hill January 2005 The Challenge Researchers in the departments of Computer Science and Physics and Astronomy human actionscontrol systems directly into this world. The nanoManipulator acts as a translator between

Whitton, Mary C.

260

Physics 201, Exam 2 Name_______________________________________________________ The multiple-choice problems carry no partial credit. Circle the correct answer or answers.  

E-print Network

with a velocity v and an effective mass m . So the problem is equivalent to a spring with force constant k being compressed by a distance xmax as it brings a mass m with velocity v to a halt. What is xmax ? (a) v m / k (b of mass m revolves around the Earth in a circular orbit, at a distance of 20 000 km above the Earth

Allen, Roland E.

261

Bush Research Budget again Focuses on Physical Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents compelling reasons why President George W. Bush decided to double federal funds for agencies supporting physical-science research. The biggest beneficiaries of Mr. Bush's plan for 2008 would be the National Science Foundation and the Department of Energy's Office of Science. Those agencies, together with the National…

Brainard, Jeffrey; Hebel, Sara

2007-01-01

262

Physical Change. Learning in Science Project. Working Paper No. 26.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One area explored in the second (in-depth) phase of the Learning in Science Project was "children's science," defined as views of the world and the meanings for words that children have and bring with them to science lessons. The investigation reported focuses on students' (N=43) views of physical change associated with boiling, melting,…

Cosgrove, Mark; Osborne, Roger

263

Assessing the Needs of Physical Science Teachers in Texas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mandates for improvement in the quality of instruction at the precollege level require that improved continuing educational opportunities by made available to the teachers of all science subjects. Physical science courses, along with biology, make up the general science requirement used by most high school students to meet graduation requirements.…

Doley, Laura B.; Crawley, Frank E.

264

Electricity. Physical Science in Action. Teacher's Manual and Workbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Science in Action series is designed to teach practical science concepts to special-needs students. It is intended to develop students' problem-solving skills by teaching them to observe, record, analyze, conclude, and predict. This document contains a student workbook which deals with basic principles of physical science. Seven separate units…

Katz, Elaine; And Others

265

Energy. Physical Science in Action. Teacher's Manual and Workbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Science in Action series is designed to teach practical science concepts to special-needs students. It is intended to develop students' problem-solving skills by teaching them to observe, record, analyze, conclude, and predict. This document contains a student workbook which deals with basic principles of physical science. Six separate units…

Sneider, Cary I.; Piccotto, Henri

266

Pre-Service Physics Teachers' Conceptions of Nature of Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding of NOS (nature of science) appears as a prerequisite of a scientifically literate person. Promoting adequate understanding of NOS in pre-service physics teachers is, therefore, an important task of science educators. Before doing that, science educators must have information concerning their pre-service teachers' conceptions of NOS.…

Buaraphan, Khajornsak

2011-01-01

267

Women in Physics and Other Natural Sciences in Uzbekistan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Uzbekistan has about 30 scientific and higher education institutes in which research in physics and other natural sciences is carried out. Women make up about 30% of science researchers and are represented less in natural sciences and more in the humanities. In some institutes the share is less than 5-10%. Lack of financing caused the migration of many physicists into other fields and other countries. Uzbekistan has a deficiency of young scientists. To keep the accumulated scientific potential, to attract both women and men into physics and other natural sciences, it is necessary to improve the economic and technical conditions in science and to increase international collaboration.

Gafurov, Ulmas; Umarova, Feruza

2009-04-01

268

The Influence of Accelerator Science on Physics Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We evaluate accelerator science in the context of its contributions to the physics community. We address the problem of quantifying these contributions and present a scheme for a numerical evaluation of them. We show by using a statistical sample of important developments in modern physics that accelerator science has influenced 28% of post-1938 physicists and also 28% of post-1938 physics research. We also examine how the influence of accelerator science has evolved over time, and show that on average it has contributed to a physics Nobel Prize-winning research every 2.9 years.

Haussecker, Enzo F.; Chao, Alexander W.

2011-06-01

269

The assessment of critical thinking skills in anatomy and physiology students who practice writing higher order multiple choice questions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Critical thinking is a complex abstraction that defies homogeneous interpretation. This means that no operational definition is universal and no critical thinking measurement tool is all encompassing. Instructors will likely find evidence based strategies to facilitate thinking skills only as numerous research efforts from multiple disciplines accumulate. This study focuses on a question writing exercise designed to help anatomy and physiology students. Students were asked to design multiple choice questions that combined course concepts in new and novel ways. Instructions and examples were provided on how to construct these questions and student attempts were sorted into levels one through three of Bloom's Cognitive Taxonomy (Bloom et al. 1956). Students submitted their question designs weekly and received individual feedback as to how they might improve. Eight course examinations were created to contain questions that modeled the Bloom's Cognitive Taxonomy levels that students were attempting. Students were assessed on their course examination performance as well as performance on a discipline independent critical thinking test called the California Critical Thinking Skills Test (CCTST). The performance of students in this study was compared to students from two previous years that took the same course but did not have the question writing activity. Results suggest that students do not improve their ability to answer critical thinking multiple choices questions when they practice the task of creating such problems. The effect of class level on critical thinking is examined and it appears that the longer a student has attended college the better the performance on both discipline specific and discipline independent critical thinking questions. The data were also used to analyze students who improved their course examination grades in the second semester of this course. There is a pattern to suggest that students who improve their performance on course examinations did so largely in non-critical thinking problems. Although, when this subset of students is analyzed by class level it appears that sophomores reverse the pattern and improve much more in critical thinking type questions than their upper classmen. The implications of this are discussed.

Shaw, Jason

270

Research Misconduct and the Physical Sciences  

SciTech Connect

Research misconduct includes the fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism (FFP) of concepts or ideas; some institutions have expanded this concept to include ''other serious deviations (OSD) from accepted research practice.'' An action can be evaluated as research misconduct if it involves activities unique to the practice of science and could negatively affect the scientific record. Although the number of cases of research misconduct is uncertain (formal records are kept only by the NIH and the NSF), the costs are high in integrity of the scientific record, diversions from research to investigate allegations, ruined careers of those eventually exonerated, and erosion of public confidence in science. Currently, research misconduct policies vary from institution to institution and from government agency to government agency; some have highly developed guidelines that include OSD, others have no guidelines at ail. One result has been that the federal False Claims Act has been used to pursue allegations of research misconduct and have them adjudicated in the federal court, rather than being judged by scientific peers. The federal government will soon establish a first-ever research misconduct policy that would apply to all research funded by the federal government regardless of what agency funded the research or whether the research was carried out in a government, industrial or university laboratory. Physical scientists, who up to now have only infrequently been the subject or research misconduct allegations, must none-the-less become active in the debate over research misconduct policies and how they are implemented since they will now be explicitly covered by this new federal wide policy.

HM Kerch; JJ Dooley

1999-10-11

271

The physical science behind climate change  

SciTech Connect

For a scientist studying climate change, 'eureka' moments are unusually rare. Instead progress is generally made by a painstaking piecing together of evidence from every new temperature measurement, satellite sounding or climate-model experiment. Data get checked and rechecked, ideas tested over and over again. Do the observations fit the predicted changes? Could there be some alternative explanation? Good climate scientists, like all good scientists, want to ensure that the highest standards of proof apply to everything they discover. And the evidence of change has mounted as climate records have grown longer, as our understanding of the climate system has improved and as climate models have become ever more reliable. Over the past 20 years, evidence that humans are affecting the climate has accumulated inexorably, and with it has come ever greater certainty across the scientific community in the reality of recent climate change and the potential for much greater change in the future. This increased certainty is starkly reflected in the latest report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the fourth in a series of assessments of the state of knowledge on the topic, written and reviewed by hundreds of scientists worldwide. The panel released a condensed version of the first part of the report, on the physical science basis of climate change, in February. Called the 'Summary for Policymakers,' it delivered to policymakers and ordinary people alike an unambiguous message: scientists are more confident than ever that humans have interfered with the climate and that further human-induced climate change is on the way. Although the report finds that some of these further changes are now inevitable, its analysis also confirms that the future, particularly in the longer term, remains largely in our hands--the magnitude of expected change depends on what humans choose to do about greenhouse gas emissions. The physical science assessment focuses on four topics: drivers of climate change, changes observed in the climate system, understanding cause-and-effect relationships, and projection of future changes. Important advances in research into all these areas have occurred since the IPCC assessment in 2001. In the pages that follow, we lay out the key findings that document the extent of change and that point to the unavoidable conclusion that human activity is driving it.

Collins, William; Collins, William; Colman, Robert; Haywood, James; Manning, Martin R.; Mote, Philip

2007-07-01

272

Physical Sciences for Elementary School Teachers Page 219Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog PHYSICAL SCIENCES FOR ELEMENTARY  

E-print Network

study physical science at a more technical level and may choose a minor in astronomy, chemistry, geology. ASTR 100 Descriptive Astronomy 3 CHEM 102 Chemistry and Society 3 GEOL 102 Our Dynamic Earth 3 CS 101Physical Sciences for Elementary School Teachers Page 219Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog

Ravikumar, B.

273

Physical Sciences for Elementary School Teachers Page 213Sonoma State University 2012-2013 Catalog PHYSICAL SCIENCES FOR ELEMENTARY  

E-print Network

study physical science at a more technical level and may choose a minor in astronomy, chemistry, geology. ASTR 100 Descriptive Astronomy 3 CHEM 102 Chemistry and Society 3 GEOL 102 Our Dynamic Earth 3 CS 101Physical Sciences for Elementary School Teachers Page 213Sonoma State University 2012-2013 Catalog

Ravikumar, B.

274

Written and owned by the School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences of Reading School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences  

E-print Network

Written and owned by the School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences of Reading University School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences Notes for maternity, parental and adoption leave arrangements (referred arrange "Keeping in touch" days to supervise your student. If a senior post-doc is associated

Mottram, Nigel

275

Incorporating Multiple-Choice Questions into an AACSB Assurance of Learning Process: A Course-Embedded Assessment Application to an Introductory Finance Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors offer a classification technique to make a quantitative skills rubric more operational, with the groupings of multiple-choice questions to match the student learning levels in knowledge, calculation, quantitative reasoning, and analysis. The authors applied this classification technique to the mid-term exams of an introductory finance…

Santos, Michael R.; Hu, Aidong; Jordan, Douglas

2014-01-01

276

How Are the Form and Magnitude of DIF Effects in Multiple-Choice Items Determined by Distractor-Level Invariance Effects?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores how the magnitude and form of differential item functioning (DIF) effects in multiple-choice items are determined by the underlying differential distractor functioning (DDF) effects, as modeled under the nominal response model. The results of a numerical investigation indicated that (a) the presence of one or more nonzero DDF…

Penfield, Randall D.

2011-01-01

277

End-of-Course Multiple-Choice and English II Testing Results, 2000-2001. Measuring Up. E&R Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

North Carolina began administering its End-of-Course (EOC) tests to high school students in the 1985-1986 school year with the first administration of the Algebra test. Other tests have been added over the years, and the program now includes 10 multiple choice EOC tests aligned with the state's Standard Course of Study in each subject and one…

Dulaney, Chuck; Burch, Glenda

278

Influences of Item Content and Format on the Dimensionality of Tests Combining Multiple-Choice and Open-Response Items: An Application of the Poly-DIMTEST Procedure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The DIMTEST statistical procedure was used in a confirmatory manner to explore the dimensionality structures of three kinds of achievement tests: multiple-choice tests, constructed-response tests, and tests combining both formats. The DIMTEST procedure is based on estimating conditional covariances of the responses to the item pairs. The analysis…

Perkhounkova, Yelena; Dunbar, Stephen B.

279

To Show or Not to Show: The Effects of Item Stems and Answer Options on Performance on a Multiple-Choice Listening Comprehension Test  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine whether the choice between three multiple-choice listening comprehension test formats results in any difference in listening comprehension test performance. The three formats entail (a) allowing test takers to preview both the question stem and answer options prior to listening; (b) allowing test takers to…

Yanagawa, Kozo; Green, Anthony

2008-01-01

280

A Stratified Study of Students' Understanding of Basic Optics Concepts in Different Contexts Using Two-Tier Multiple-Choice Items  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A large scale study involving 1786 year 7-10 Korean students from three school districts in Seoul was undertaken to evaluate their understanding of basic optics concepts using a two-tier multiple-choice diagnostic instrument consisting of four pairs of items, each of which evaluated the same concept in two different contexts. The instrument, which…

Chu, Hye-Eun; Treagust, David F.; Chandrasegaran, A. L.

2009-01-01

281

Measuring the Consistency in Change in Hepatitis B Knowledge among Three Different Types of Tests: True/False, Multiple Choice, and Fill in the Blanks Tests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recall of information about Hepatitis B demonstrated by 180 seventh graders was tested with three test types: (1) short-answer; (2) true/false; and (3) multiple-choice. Short answer testing was the most reliable. Suggestions are made for the use of short-answer tests in evaluating student knowledge. (SLD)

Sahai, Vic; Demeyere, Petra; Poirier, Sheila; Piro, Felice

1998-01-01

282

Development and Application of a Two-Tier Multiple Choice Diagnostic Instrument To Assess High School Students' Understanding of Inorganic Chemistry Qualitative Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development and application of a two-tier multiple choice diagnostic instrument to assess high school students' understanding of inorganic chemistry qualitative analysis. Shows that the Grade 10 students had difficulty understanding the reactions involved in the identification of cations and anions, for example, double decomposition…

Tan, Kim Chwee Daniel; Goh, Ngoh Khang; Chia, Lian Sai; Treagust, David F.

2002-01-01

283

Reports on the Development and Validation of a System for Measuring Literal Comprehension in a Multiple-Choice Cloze Format: Preliminary Factor Analytic Results.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results of a series of factor analyses of a new test of literal comprehension using a multiple-choice cloze format are summarized. These analyses were conducted in the validation of a test design to measure for the most part a factor of literal comprehension independent of IQ and inferential reading processes, yet marked by certain related…

O'Reilly, Robert P.; Streeter, Ronald E.

284

Solutions to Review Multiple Choice No hamsters were harmed in any way as a result of Math 317. Please don't tell the dean  

E-print Network

Solutions to Review Multiple Choice No hamsters were harmed in any way as a result of Math 317. Please don't tell the dean about the hamsters. Question 1 - Answer B You can find pictures of such things theorem states that the total outward flux through the hamster cage must be equal to the divergence within

Stange, Katherine E.

285

The Overall Effects of End-of-Course Assessment on Student Performance: A Comparison between Multiple Choice Testing, Peer Assessment, Case-Based Assessment and Portfolio Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the effect of method of assessment on student performance. Five research conditions go together with one of four assessment modes, namely: portfolio, case-based, peer assessment, and multiple choice evaluation. Data collection is done by means of a pre-test/post-test-design with the help of two standardised tests (N=816).…

Struyven, Katrien; Dochy, Filip; Janssens, Steven; Schelfhou, Wouter; Gielen, Sarah

2006-01-01

286

Physical Science Workshops for Teachers Using Interactive Science Exhibits.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses workshops featuring an interactive exhibit program for elementary science teachers. Science is learned in an inquiry-based mode and science teaching props are developed. Describes the interactive science exhibits, needs assessment, and workshop programs. Provides evaluation results of the workshop. (YP)

Sukow, Wayne W.

1990-01-01

287

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (DFCI PS-OC) will intertwine the physical sciences with cancer biology and oncology by engaging evolutionary theory to address several critical issues concerning modern cancer research. Moreover, this center aspires to institute evolutionary modeling of cancer as a new field of study. To accomplish these goals, the center has brought together an acclaimed group of scientists from the fields of theoretical biology, cancer biology, oncology, physics and engineering.

288

Faculty of Science Physics and High Technology  

E-print Network

.uwindsor.ca/physics Physics and High Technology opens the way to exciting career opportunities by enriching the physics The honours Physics and High Technology stream fits naturally into our internationally renowned Physics in such diverse fields as Acoustic Microscopy and Materials Characterization; Nanoscale Electronics; Quantum

289

A Physics Professor and a Science Librarian Challenge Non-Majors to Evaluate Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Required science courses can have limited interest from some students. In this article, a physics professor and a science librarian describe methods used to engage non majors in learning about science in a non-threatening way. By evaluating the science on selected web sites, and classifying the sites according to six categories (valid,…

Iber, Mary; Sherman, Derin

2009-01-01

290

Physical properties of graphene (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 28 March 2012)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) devoted to the "Physical properties of graphene" was held on 28 March 2012 in the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute. The agenda of the session announced on the RAS Physical Sciences Division website http://www.gpad.ac.ru included the following reports: (1) Falkovsky L A (Landau Institute of Theoretical Physics, RAS, Moscow; Vereshchagin Institute of High-Pressure Physics, RAS, Moscow) "Magnetooptics of graphene"; (2) Varlamov A A (The University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy) "Thermoelectric properties of graphene." The papers written on the basis of these reports are given below. • Magnetooptics of graphene layers, L A Falkovsky Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 11, Pages 1140-1145 • Anomalous thermoelectric and thermomagnetic properties of graphene, A A Varlamov, A V Kavokin, I A Luk'yanchuk, S G Sharapov Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 11, Pages 1146-1151

2012-11-01

291

Publisher: Department of Biological Physics Institute of Physics, Faculty of Science, Etvs University Budapest  

E-print Network

of Atomic Physics, had existed for about 25 years. Over the years the spectrum of research and teaching the Department of Atomic Physics, the central research topic in biophysics was photosynthesis and other energy#12;#12;Publisher: Department of Biological Physics Institute of Physics, Faculty of Science

Müller, Viktor

292

Speculative Physics: the Ontology of Theory and Experiment in High Energy Particle Physics and Science Fiction  

E-print Network

The dissertation brings together approaches across the fields of physics, critical theory, literary studies, philosophy of physics, sociology of science, and history of science to synthesize a hybrid approach for instigating more rigorous and intense cross-disciplinary interrogations between the sciences and the humanities. There are two levels of conversations going on in the dissertation; at the first level, the discussion is centered on a critical historiography and philosophical implications of the discovery Higgs boson in relation to its position at the intersection of old (current) and the potential for new possibilities in quantum physics; I then position my findings on the Higgs boson in connection to the double-slit experiment that represents foundational inquiries into quantum physics, to demonstrate the bridge between fundamental physics and high energy particle physics. The conceptualization of the variants of the double-slit experiment informs the aforementioned critical comparisons. At the second level of the conversation, theories are produced from a close study of the physics objects as speculative engine for new knowledge generation that are then reconceptualized and re-articulated for extrapolation into the speculative ontology of hard science fiction, particularly the hard science fiction written with the double intent of speaking to the science while producing imaginative and socially conscious science through the literary affordances of science fiction. The works of science fiction examined here demonstrate the tension between the internal values of physics in the practice of theory and experiment and questions on ethics, culture, and morality.

Clarissa Ai Ling Lee

2014-06-21

293

Education techniques for lifelong learning: writing multiple-choice questions for continuing medical education activities and self-assessment modules.  

PubMed

The multiple-choice question (MCQ) is the most commonly used type of test item in radiologic graduate medical and continuing medical education examinations. Now that radiologists are participating in the maintenance of certification process, there is an increased need for self-assessment modules that include MCQs and persons with test item-writing skills to develop such modules. Although principles of effective test item writing have been documented, violations of these principles are common in medical education. Guidelines for test construction are related to development of educational objectives, defining levels of learning for each objective, and writing effective MCQs that test that learning. Educational objectives should be written in observable, behavioral terms that allow for an accurate assessment of whether the learner has achieved the objectives. Learning occurs at many levels, from simple recall to problem solving. The educational objectives and the MCQs that accompany them should target all levels of learning appropriate for the given content. Characteristics of effective MCQs can be described in terms of the overall item, the stem, and the options. Flawed MCQs interfere with accurate and meaningful interpretation of test scores and negatively affect student pass rates. Therefore, to develop reliable and valid tests, items must be constructed that are free of such flaws. The article provides an overview of established guidelines for writing effective MCQs, a discussion of writing appropriate educational objectives and MCQs that match those objectives, and a brief review of item analysis. PMID:16549616

Collins, Jannette

2006-01-01

294

The Social Attribution Task-Multiple Choice (SAT-MC): A Psychometric and Equivalence Study of an Alternate Form.  

PubMed

The Social Attribution Task-Multiple Choice (SAT-MC) uses a 64-second video of geometric shapes set in motion to portray themes of social relatedness and intentions. Considered a test of "Theory of Mind," the SAT-MC assesses implicit social attribution formation while reducing verbal and basic cognitive demands required of other common measures. We present a comparability analysis of the SAT-MC and the new SAT-MC-II, an alternate form created for repeat testing, in a university sample (n = 92). Score distributions and patterns of association with external validation measures were nearly identical between the two forms, with convergent and discriminant validity supported by association with affect recognition ability and lack of association with basic visual reasoning. Internal consistency of the SAT-MC-II was superior (alpha = .81) to the SAT-MC (alpha = .56). Results support the use of SAT-MC and new SAT-MC-II as equivalent test forms. Demonstrating relatively higher association to social cognitive than basic cognitive abilities, the SAT-MC may provide enhanced sensitivity as an outcome measure of social cognitive intervention trials. PMID:23864984

Johannesen, Jason K; Lurie, Jessica B; Fiszdon, Joanna M; Bell, Morris D

2013-01-01

295

Physics First in Science Education Reform: Impacts on Pedagogy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents the results of a study focused on physics and chemistry teachers at independent schools in the United States which employ a "Physics First" approach to high school science course sequencing. Data was collected via interviews, during which information was gathered regarding pedagogical practices and teachers' transitions to Physics First. Findings suggest that the implementation of inquiry-oriented pedagogy is influenced by teacher and department philosophy, but not necessarily by the Physics First approach. Further, teachers recognize the affordances of Physics First, but largely do not leverage these to create more coherent and connected science programs.

Purnell, Mechum Douglas

296

Mathematical and physical ideas for climate science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The climate is a forced and dissipative nonlinear system featuring nontrivial dynamics on a vast range of spatial and temporal scales. The understanding of the climate's structural and multiscale properties is crucial for the provision of a unifying picture of its dynamics and for the implementation of accurate and efficient numerical models. We present some recent developments at the intersection between climate science, mathematics, and physics, which may prove fruitful in the direction of constructing a more comprehensive account of climate dynamics. We describe the Nambu formulation of fluid dynamics and the potential of such a theory for constructing sophisticated numerical models of geophysical fluids. Then, we focus on the statistical mechanics of quasi-equilibrium flows in a rotating environment, which seems crucial for constructing a robust theory of geophysical turbulence. We then discuss ideas and methods suited for approaching directly the nonequilibrium nature of the climate system. First, we describe some recent findings on the thermodynamics of climate, characterize its energy and entropy budgets, and discuss related methods for intercomparing climate models and for studying tipping points. These ideas can also create a common ground between geophysics and astrophysics by suggesting general tools for studying exoplanetary atmospheres. We conclude by focusing on nonequilibrium statistical mechanics, which allows for a unified framing of problems as different as the climate response to forcings, the effect of altering the boundary conditions or the coupling between geophysical flows, and the derivation of parametrizations for numerical models.

Lucarini, Valerio; Blender, Richard; Herbert, Corentin; Ragone, Francesco; Pascale, Salvatore; Wouters, Jeroen

2014-12-01

297

Science Library of Test Items. Volume Nineteen. A Collection of Multiple Choice Test Items Relating Mainly to Geology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As one in a series of test item collections developed by the Assessment and Evaluation Unit of the Directorate of Studies, items are made available to teachers for the construction of unit tests or term examinations or as a basis for class discussion. Each collection was reviewed for content validity and reliability. The test items meet syllabus…

New South Wales Dept. of Education, Sydney (Australia).

298

Physics and Physical Science Units for Tech Prep.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Promoting ACademic Excellence in Mathematics and Science for Workers of the 21st Century (PACE) was a consortium project made up of Indiana University Northwest, the Gary Community Schools, and the Merrillville Community Schools. The focus of this project was to prepare teachers and curricula for Tech Prep mathematics and science courses for the…

Bielefeld, Marilyn; Daniels, Sadie; Hall, Yolanda; McClendon, Cecil; Schlinger, Gary

299

The Effect of Physical Activity on Science Competence and Attitude towards Science Content  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the effect of physical activity on science instruction. To combat the implications of physical inactivity, schools need to be willing to consider all possible opportunities for students to engage in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Integrating physical activity with traditional classroom content is one…

Klinkenborg, Ann Maria

2011-01-01

300

Building a Science of Teaching Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this Millikan award lecture, the author articulates the need for a "community consensus knowledge base" of physics education research, for the benefit of education and for the cumulation of knowledge about physics education.

Redish, Edward F.

301

Accelerators | Photon Science | Particle Physics Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron  

E-print Network

as accelerator physics. The Center for Free-Electron Laser Science (CFEL) is a jointly operated re- search controlled samples with modern light sources such as free-electron lasers. Requirements · We are looking

302

Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Department of Physics  

E-print Network

Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Department of Physics Imperial College London and the Integration of Optical Microcavities," E.A. Hinds, et al. Proc. IQOLS, 272 (2008) [4] "Silica-on-Silicon

303

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Space Life and Physical Sciences  

E-print Network

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Space Life and Physical Sciences D National Laboratory management organization (CASIS) #12;National Aeronautics and Space Administration #12;National Aeronautics and Space Administration geneLAB Campaign Progress To move forward

Waliser, Duane E.

304

77 FR 42768 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting In accordance with...92-463, as amended), the National Science Foundation announces the following...

2012-07-20

305

78 FR 42111 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences #66; Notice of Meeting; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences 66; Notice of Meeting; Correction SUMMARY: The National Science Foundation published a Notice of Meeting for...

2013-07-15

306

75 FR 29369 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Notice of Meeting In accordance with...92-463, as amended), the National Science Foundation announces the following...

2010-05-25

307

Paradata for 'The Physics of Sports ~^ 1 Sport Science 2 The Science of Sports3 The Physics of Basketball4 The physics of skiing5 Physics and Acoustics of Baseball and Softball Bats 6 Physics in Sports 7 Football Physics 8 The Physics of Scuba Diving'  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This record contains paradata for the resource 'The Physics of Sports ~^ 1 Sport Science 2 The Science of Sports3 The Physics of Basketball4 The physics of skiing5 Physics and Acoustics of Baseball and Softball Bats 6 Physics in Sports 7 Football Physics 8 The Physics of Scuba Diving'

308

Nastaran Zahir Kuhn, Ph.D. | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Dr. Nastaran Zahir Kuhn joined the Division of Cancer Biology at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) in 2013 where her primary role as Program Director is to coordinate transdisciplinary efforts in bringing physical sciences perspectives to cancer research. She assists in the oversight and management of scientific projects for the Physical Sciences in Oncology Initiative by fostering transdisciplinary research collaborations and promoting resources for data and biospecimen standards.

309

Portraying Physicists and Physics in Hard Science Fiction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

"Hard" science fiction is that sub-genre of SF in which a serious attempt is made to portray science and scientists as accurately as possible, often by using scientists and engineers as principal characters and by using scientific problem solving as a major plot element. The speaker, a Professor of Physics, writes a regular bimonthly science column (see http://www.npl.washington.edu/av) and has also written two hard SF novels, Twistor, which is about ``small" science in a university physics research laboratory, and Einstein's Bridge, which portrays ``big" science and in particular the 1993 cancellation of the Superconducting Super Collider Project, as played out against a fictional background of breakthrough discoveries, alien contact, wormholes, and time travel. The speaker will discuss his experiences in planning, writing, and publishing hard SF, and will consider how these activities address the general problem of public appreciation, perception, and mis-perception of science.

Cramer, John G.

2001-03-01

310

A Study of Common Beliefs and Misconceptions in Physical Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Science Belief Test is an online instrument comprised of 47 statements that require true or false responses and request written explanations to accompany these responses. It targets topics in chemistry, physics, biology, earth science, and astronomy and was initially designed to assess preservice elementary teachers' beliefs about general…

Stein, Mary; Larrabee, Timothy G.; Barman, Charles R.

2008-01-01

311

The Face of 21st Century Physical Science Librarianship  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physical science librarians from the U.S. and Canada participated in a survey about their educational background, experience, and professional activity. This group of information professionals can be characterized as having an extensive academic background in the sciences, as being highly experienced, and as professionally active. The large proportion of practitioners who have more than eleven years of experience in the

Lina Ortega; Cecelia M. Brown

2005-01-01

312

Physics at the International Science and Engineering Fair.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A judge for the physics projects for the 1979 International Science and Engineering Fair describes many of the more popular science projects. Projects described include the following: carbon dioxide and helium-neon lasers, reverse flame investigations, holography, construction of a magnetic bottle to confine plasma, and aerodynamic drag. (BT)

Walker, Jearl

1979-01-01

313

Misconception in Physical Science at the Middle School Grades  

Microsoft Academic Search

The presentation will focus on the physical science content and pedagogy workshops addressing student's misconceptions at the middle school level. These workshops were conducted at Springfield College during summer 2010 for in- service teachers from Springfield MA Public Schools. A partnership among Springfield MA Public Schools, Springfield College, and the City of Springfield Science Museum was developed to implement an

Zenobia Lojewska; Robert Barkman; Peter Polito; Julianne Smist; Richard Konicek-Moran

2011-01-01

314

Parental Occupation Inspiring Science Interest: Perspectives From Physical Scientists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's early science interest begins well before middle school, and parents can be important in generating and sustaining such interest. This qualitative study addresses how parental occupations shape physical scientists' early science interest. Our framework uses Social Cognitive Career Theory, and our research question is,…

Chakraverty, Devasmita; Tai, Robert H.

2013-01-01

315

Promoting Physical Science to Education Majors: Making Connections between Science and Teaching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We address student attitudes toward physical science content knowledge and skills by modeling pedagogy appropriate for the K-8 classroom. Attitude measurements show that students are initially reticent in their approach to learning science. Upon completion of a redesigned course for education majors, students held a realistic view of science education.

Christopher Sirola

2005-03-01

316

Development, item analysis, and initial reliability and validity of a multiple-choice knowledge of mental illnesses test for lay samples  

Microsoft Academic Search

The public's level of mental health literacy remains low, despite growing access to information regarding mental illnesses. Because few measures exist to assess the level of knowledge of mental illnesses in lay samples, the Multiple-Choice Knowledge of Mental Illnesses Test (MC-KOMIT) was developed, initially for use in a study involving police officers, some of whom received 40h of training focused

Michael T. Compton; Dana Hankerson-Dyson; Beth Broussard

2011-01-01

317

Ready Reference Web Sites in Earth and Physical Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a selection of web-based reference resources in the earth and physical sciences, focusing in particular on geology, chemistry, physics, astronomy, and weather. Such a compilation is designed to be of use in meeting a wide range of informational needs in these areas. Sites chosen by the authors are those likely to be of broad interest. In addition,

Edward Lener; Flora G. Sbrode

1997-01-01

318

Accelerators | Photon Science | Particle Physics Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron  

E-print Network

, particle and astroparticle physics as well as accelerator physics. The Center for Free-Electron Laser) and its use in phase stabilized few-cycle pulse synthesizers, Free-Electron Lasers and Attosecond Science · Development of turn-key, burst-mode, OPCPA technology for Free- Electron Lasers, including, thermal management

319

Roadmap: Physical Education Human Movement Studies Bachelor of Science  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physical Education ­ Human Movement Studies ­ Bachelor of Science [EH-BS-PEP-HMS] College of Education, Health and Human Services School of Teaching, Learning and Curriculum Studies Catalog Year: 2013 Introduction to Physical Education, Fitness and Sport 3 US 10097 Destination Kent State: First Year Experience

Sheridan, Scott

320

Roadmap: Physical Education Human Movement Studies Bachelor of Science  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Physical Education ­ Human Movement Studies ­ Bachelor of Science [EH-BS-PEP-HMS] College of Education, Health and Human Services School of Teaching, Learning and Curriculum Studies Catalog Year: 2012 Introduction to Physical Education, Fitness and Sport 3 US 10097 Destination Kent State: First Year Experience

Sheridan, Scott

321

Physical Science, Units 5 and 6, Field Test Copy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student workbook contains units five and six of a six-unit physical science course. The program is intended for high school students who have not had a chemistry or physics course, and is designed to be self instructional. Unit five involves experiments and problems in these subject areas: temperature versus heat; units of heat; specific…

Washington State Univ., Pullman.

322

RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES BUDKER INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS  

E-print Network

on confining of plasmas in a magnetic trap. Nuclear Fusion: Supplement, part 3, p. 1045 (1962). FirstRUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES BUDKER INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS SIBERIAN BRANCH Compiled by A.V. Zaytseva,b a Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia b Novosibirsk State University

323

Effect of differing PowerPoint slide design on multiple-choice test scores for assessment of knowledge and retention in a theriogenology course.  

PubMed

Third-year veterinary students in a required theriogenology diagnostics course were allowed to self-select attendance at a lecture in either the evening or the next morning. One group was presented with PowerPoint slides in a traditional format (T group), and the other group was presented with PowerPoint slides in the assertion-evidence format (A-E group), which uses a single sentence and a highly relevant graphic on each slide to ensure attention is drawn to the most important points in the presentation. Students took a multiple-choice pre-test, attended lecture, and then completed a take-home assignment. All students then completed an online multiple-choice post-test and, one month later, a different online multiple-choice test to evaluate retention. Groups did not differ on pre-test, assignment, or post-test scores, and both groups showed significant gains from pre-test to post-test and from pre-test to retention test. However, the T group showed significant decline from post-test to retention test, while the A-E group did not. Short-term differences between slide designs were most likely unaffected due to required coursework immediately after lecture, but retention of material was superior with the assertion-evidence slide design. PMID:25000882

Root Kustritz, Margaret V

2014-01-01

324

Speculative Physics: the Ontology of Theory and Experiment in High Energy Particle Physics and Science Fiction  

E-print Network

The dissertation brings together approaches across the fields of physics, critical theory, literary studies, philosophy of physics, sociology of science, and history of science to synthesize a hybrid approach for instigating more rigorous and intense cross-disciplinary interrogations between the sciences and the humanities. There are two levels of conversations going on in the dissertation; at the first level, the discussion is centered on a critical historiography and philosophical implications of the discovery Higgs boson in relation to its position at the intersection of old (current) and the potential for new possibilities in quantum physics; I then position my findings on the Higgs boson in connection to the double-slit experiment that represents foundational inquiries into quantum physics, to demonstrate the bridge between fundamental physics and high energy particle physics. The conceptualization of the variants of the double-slit experiment informs the aforementioned critical comparisons. At the secon...

Lee, Clarissa Ai Ling

2014-01-01

325

Semiconductor Science Activities for High School Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The student activities in this packet are designed to be incorporated into a standard high school physics curriculum. The intent is to provide the student with an introduction to study of the electronic facets of physics as they apply to semiconductor technology.

Grady, Kim

326

The impetus theory: Between history of physics and science education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Through a physical, historical and epistemological analysis it is shown how much is wrong with the idea that relates impetus theory to a “non-grown-up” physical and epistemological conception. Indeed, it yields that impetus theory of Buridan and Oresme can be formalised and can furnish us a “natural”, “non-violent” interpretation of (classical) mechanics as well as a more general, physical hermeneutics of the world. Then, the possible relevance of impetus theory for science education is strongly pointed out.

Giannetto, Enrico

1993-09-01

327

Revitalizing Support for the Physical Sciences: The American Competitiveness Initiative  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In January 2006, during his State of the Union Address, President Bush announced a renewed commitment on the part of his Administration to funding math and science education, and science and engineering research. Two weeks later, in February 2006, the President submitted his budget request to Congress, including The American Competitiveness Initiative (ACI), a budget initiative that proposes to double federal investments in fundamental research in the physical sciences at three civilian science agencies---the Office of Science in the Department of Energy, the National Science Foundation (NSF), and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)---over ten years. To date, ACI has fared well in Congress. The House of Representatives has already approved the increases for the Office of Science (up 14 percent), NSF (up 8 percent), and NIST (core laboratory research and infrastructure up 24 percent). Key Senate Subcommittees have approved similar increases. Of equal significance to the budget proposal, the President's pronouncements represent an effort to change the public perception of the value of science. This is the capstone of a fifteen-year effort on the part of the scientific community, including the American Physical Society, to develop a new rationale for funding physical science research in the post-Cold War era. 30 years of economic research suggests there is a strong correlation between the government investments in education and research, particularly physical science and engineering research, and future economic performance. The President made this connection explicit for the public in his State of the Union Address and in subsequent speeches and town hall meetings. The author will discuss these trends and the outlook for ACI going forward.

Rooney, Peter

2006-11-01

328

Women in science: physics and optics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The number of women is less than the number of men in degrees like physics and engineering. In this paper we present the percentages of female students at the Spanish Universities. The percentage of women decreases for faculty members. We also give some figures for female students in physics degree. The value of mentoring programs is analyzed. The learning societies in physics and in optics have established committees and programs for helping the women in their scientific career. We describe them in general and we focus on the SPIE Women in Optics program.

Yzuel, M. J.; Peinado, A.

2014-07-01

329

Physical Sciences and Engineering Success Stories  

E-print Network

drinks water from underground aquifers, and crops around the world depend on it. Water accumulates and cooling of atoms, an area of physics pioneered by Steven Chu. The Results Water picks up traces of krypton

Kemner, Ken

330

Rob Phillips | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Rob Phillips is a Professor at Caltech in Pasadena working at the intersection of physics and biology. Over the past12 years he has evolved from being a condensed matter physicist to now concentrating on biophysics.

331

Final report on the Assessment of Physical Sciences and Engineering Advances in Life Sciences and Oncology (APHELION) Europe study | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

The NCI and NSF commissioned the international Assessment of Physical sciences and Engineering advances in Life sciences and Oncology (APHELION) in order to determine the status and trends of applying physical sciences and engineering principles to oncology research and development in leading laboratories and organizations in Europe via an on-site peer review process. The panel members made visits to laboratories in France, Italy, Israel, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland, typically meeting with representatives of multiple institutions at each stop.

332

Physical Setting/Earth Science Core Curriculum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This guide is intended to assist high-school teachers and supervisors as they prepare curriculum, instruction, and assessment for the Earth Science content and process skills of the New York State Learning Standards for Mathematics, Science, and Technology. It describes selected process skills and their alignments with standards, key ideas, and performance indicators. Teachers should recognize that is found in this document is the minimum of the content to be taught. There is also an appendix that displays diagrammatically how the material in the curriculum may be organized for curricular and instructional purposes.

333

What's in a Name Change? - Solid State Physics, Condensed Matter Physics, and Materials Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When solid state physics emerged in the 1940s, its name was controversial. By the 1970s, some physicists came to prefer "condensed matter" as a way to identify the discipline of physics examining complex matter. Physicists and historians often gloss this transition as a simple rebranding of a problematically named field, but attention to the motives behind these names reveals telling nuances. "Solid state physics" and "condensed matter physics"—along with "materials science," which also emerged during the Cold War—were named in accordance with ideological commitments about the identity of physics. Historians, therefore, can profitably understand solid state and condensed matter physics as distinct disciplines. Condensed matter, rather than being continuous with solid state physics, should be considered alongside materials science as an outlet for specific frustrations with the way solid state was organized.

Martin, Joseph D.

2015-01-01

334

Introductory physics in biological context: An approach to improve introductory physics for life science students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe restructuring the introductory physics for life science students (IPLS) course to better support these students in using physics to understand their chosen fields. Our courses teach physics using biologically rich contexts. Specifically, we use examples in which fundamental physics contributes significantly to understanding a biological system to make explicit the value of physics to the life sciences. This requires selecting the course content to reflect the topics most relevant to biology while maintaining the fundamental disciplinary structure of physics. In addition to stressing the importance of the fundamental principles of physics, an important goal is developing students' quantitative and problem solving skills. Our guiding pedagogical framework is the cognitive apprenticeship model, in which learning occurs most effectively when students can articulate why what they are learning matters to them. In this article, we describe our courses, summarize initial assessment data, and identify needs for future research.

Crouch, Catherine H.; Heller, Kenneth

2014-05-01

335

Use of physical sciences in support of environmental management.  

PubMed

Offshore drilling for oil and gas has been conducted since the early 1900s. Oil and gas under the seabed continue to be an important part of the energy resources of the United States. The need to balance the value of these resources against the potential for environmental damage is an important concern. This article explains why and how the Minerals Management Service (MMS) of the US Department of the Interior uses research in physical sciences to help fulfill its environmental goals, and it provides background information on the role of physical sciences in decision-making for Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) oil, gas, and other minerals development. Established in the 1970s, the MMS' Environmental Studies Program is a highly focused marine research program designed to provide the environmental information necessary for OCS energy and nonenergy minerals planning and development activities. The physical sciences research supported by MMS includes physical oceanography, oil-spill risk analyses, atmospheric sciences, and sand and gravel studies. Instead of giving a comprehensive review on physical sciences research in MMS, this article presents sample MMS studies and illustrates how these studies are utilized to support decision-making in environmental management. PMID:15559941

Ji, Zhen-Gang

2004-08-01

336

The effect of immigration status on physics identity and physical science career intentions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using data collected from a nationally-representative sample of first-year college students, we examine how students' identity development as physics persons and their likelihood to pursue a career in physical science is predicted by differing immigrant experiences. We consider broad factors having a social, economic, or cultural nature as covariates in a propensity score model that assesses differences due to immigrant generation. Our results show that, when controlling for such factors as race/ethnicity, socio-economic status, and gender, students' physics identities and the likelihood of choosing a career in physical science are significantly higher amongst first generation students than second generation (or later) students. We conclude that physical science as a career option can be influenced by the experiences of being an immigrant and through the relationship between origin and host culture.

Lung, Florin; Potvin, Geoff; Sonnert, Gerhard; Sadler, Philip M.

2012-02-01

337

Sara Walker | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Sara Walker works in the School of Life Science and the Beyond Center at Arizona State University. She is also a NASA Astrobiology fellow. She spoke about the deep evolutionary history of life on earth and it’s routes to cancer.

338

PEOPLE IN PHYSICS: Women in nuclear science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The field of nuclear science has seen an unusually large number of discoveries by women this century. This article focuses on the acclaimed work of Marie Curie, her daughter Irène Joliot-Curie, Lise Meitner and Maria Goeppert-Mayer.

Stuart, B. H.

1996-03-01

339

PEOPLE IN PHYSICS: Women in nuclear science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The field of nuclear science has seen an unusually large number of discoveries by women this century. This article focuses on the acclaimed work of Marie Curie, her daughter Irène Joliot-Curie, Lise Meitner and Maria Goeppert-Mayer.

B. H. Stuart

1996-01-01

340

Spacelab 1 - Scientific objectives, life sciences, space plasma physics, astronomy and solar physics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A general overview of the accomplishments of the Spacelab 1 complement to the Shuttle mission of Nov. 28, 1983, is presented. Consideration is given to scientific results in the fields of life sciences, materials sciences, atmospheric physics, and earth observations. A table is given which lists the scientific objectives and the percentage of objectives accomplished in each field.

Chappell, C. R.

1985-01-01

341

The influence of physics teacher gender on college students' pursuit of careers in the physical sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In science disciplines, students develop career goals based in part on their high school experiences. Science teachers and their personal characteristics are a part of this experience. In the case of physics, teacher gender is believed to modulate the interplay between student's own gender and their gender-related perceptions of physics. Using national data from college students (PRiSE Project, N=7505), we analyze the physics teacher gender effects on the choice of a career in the physical sciences by both male and female students. We examine three sub-samples of the data: students who have not taken any high school physics courses (about 60 percent of the total), those who have taken one physics course (teacher female or male), and those who have taken two physics courses (two female, two male, or one female and one male teacher). A correspondence analysis reveals an exploratory picture of the association between primary and confounding factors. Subsequently, a linear regression on students' physical science career choices is used as a confirmatory analysis of this picture.

Lung, Florin; Potvin, Geoff; Sadler, Philip M.; Sonnert, Gerhard

2012-03-01

342

Impact of Computer Algebra on Physics School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences  

E-print Network

Impact of Computer Algebra on Physics D. Waxman School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences "Computer Algebra" or sometimes "Symbolic Computation." The most fundamental aspect of computer algebra.1377 + 5.2342)3 , a computer algebra program can, amongst many other things, expand (x+y)3 for general x

Waxman, David

343

Herbert Levine | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Herbert Levine is a Professor of Bioengineering and Director of the Center for Theoretical Biological Physics at Rice University in Houston, Texas. Though not a PS-OC member, he has been a regular attendee at PS-OC meeting to provide his perspective and expertize.

344

FACULTY OF SCIENCE SCHOOL OF PHYSICS  

E-print Network

for, organize and present knowledge effectively. 2 #12;Specifically, we will be exploring how physics and understanding of the topic--it should not just be a quick cut-and- paste from on-line sources. You need to use that there are websites such as plagiarism.org that allow plagiarism to be detected.) Material found from such sources

Ashley, Michael C. B.

345

Physics 300 Provincial Examination.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the physics 300 provincial examination (English version), a separate "provincial summary report" on the results of giving the test, and a separate French language version of the examination. This physics examination contains a 53-item multiple choice section and an 12 item free response section. Subsections of the test…

Manitoba Dept. of Education and Training, Winnipeg.

346

Nanofluidics Sorts DNA For Cancer Research | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Nanotechnology researchers at Cornell University's Physical Sciences-Oncology Center have devised a new tool to study epigenetic changes in DNA that can cause cancer and other diseases. The tool is a nanoscale fluidic device that sorts and collects DNA one molecule at a time. The new device, developed in the lab of Harold Craighead, is described in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

347

Research Trend of Physical Skill Science --Towards Elucidation of Physical Skill--  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Physical skills and language skills are both fundamental intelligent abilities of human being. In this paper, we focus our attention to such sophisticated physical skills as playing sports and playing instruments and introduce research activities aiming at elucidating and verbalizing them. This research area has been launched recently. We introduce approaches from physical modeling, measurements and data analysis, cognitive science and human interface. We also discuss such issues as skill acquisition and its support systems. Furthermore, we consider a fundamental issue of individual differences occurring in every application of skill elucidation. Finally we introduce several attempts of skill elucidation in the fields of dancing, manufacturing, playing string instruments, sports science and medical care.

Furukawa, Koichi; Ueno, Ken; Ozaki, Tomonobu; Kamisato, Shihoko; Kawamoto, Ryuji; Shibuya, Koji; Shiratori, Naruhiko; Suwa, Masaki; Soga, Masato; Taki, Hirokazu; Fujinami, Tsutomu; Hori, Satoshi; Motomura, Yoichi; Morita, Souhei

348

The Thinking Machine: A Physical Science Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science projects can be a wonderful opportunity for learning and creativity, or a gigantic headache for teachers. After several years of implementation, experience, and revision, the author has put together a fun and engaging project centered on machines that is appropriate for middle school students. This project came to be known simply as "The Thinking Machine Project," which draws its origin from the national Rube Goldberg Machine competition held each year at Purdue University. Here is one way to bring technology, writing, drawing, creativity, and hands-on ingenuity together in a single fun and successful project.

Amber Jarrard

2008-11-01

349

Fulbright Opportunities in the Physical Sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Fulbright Scholar Program is sponsored by the United States Department of State and is principally funded by taxpayer contributions. Bi-national in nature, it includes academic year opportunities for both American and foreign scholars. More than 800 grants in 125 countries are available each year. The Program supports research, teaching and lecturing opportunities in all academic disciplines, numerous professional fields and the arts. American academics and administrators have multiple opportunities to internationalize their campuses and their discipline points of view. Further, Fulbright not only sends American scholars abroad but also brings scholars to the United States and should be considered a strategic internationalization opportunity both for individuals and for campuses. During the 2013-14 competition cycle there were 33 awards available in physics and astronomy and 175 all discipline awards. The presentation will guide attendees in identifying appropriate opportunities through the Fulbright Scholar Program and will make suggestions as to how to be successful in a proposal. Special attention will be given to opportunities available for specialists in physics. The workshop will also cover non-Core Fulbright Scholar opportunities for physicists and university administrators, including a number of short-term, innovative programs that send an additional 400 scholars from the United States to universities and research institutes abroad to offer expertise on issues of global interest from cutting-edge research to policy, to technical expertise in curriculum development, institutional planning, program assessment, and institutional capacity building.

Dewindt, Katrin

2013-03-01

350

Mariam Eljanne, Ph.D. | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Dr. Mariam Eljanne serves as a Program Director for the Physical Sciences-Oncology Centers (PS-OC) initiative within the Division of Cancer Biology at the NCI. In this role, she oversees the scientific progress at different PS-OC Centers.

351

Plasma Physics PART Al: INTRODUCTION TO PLASMA SCIENCE  

E-print Network

Plasma Physics PART Al: INTRODUCTION TO PLASMA SCIENCE I. What is a plasma? 1 II. Plasma fundamentals 3 1. Quasineutrality and Debye length 2. Plasma frequency and acoustic velocity 3. Larmor radius; magnetic buckets Cross section data 21 PART A3: PLASMA SOURCES I IV. Introduction to plasma sources 25 1

Chen, Francis F.

352

Accelerators | Photon Science | Particle Physics Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron  

E-print Network

, runs and uses accelerators and detectors for photon science and particle physics. We are looking and optimize ultrafast frequency conversion stages · Analyze impact of laser noise on coherent FEL radiation qualifications and assigned duties. DESY operates flexible work schemes. Handicapped persons will be given

353

MATHEMATICS AND THE NATURAL SCIENCES. The Physical Singularity of Life.  

E-print Network

MATHEMATICS AND THE NATURAL SCIENCES. The Physical Singularity of Life. Francis Bailly Physique relationship, while not being subordinated, to the analyses of the foundations of mathematics. As integral part approach for certain aspects of biology. This approach, all the while being inspired by physico-mathematical

Longo, Giuseppe

354

College of Health Sciences Department of Physical Therapy  

E-print Network

College of Health Sciences Department of Physical Therapy 3 Solomont Way, Suite 5 Lowell, Massachusetts 01854-5124 tel.: 978.934.4517 fax : 978.934.1069 web site: www.uml.edu/college/health Physiology* o Kinesiology* TM Computer literacy in word, excel, and power point is expected. * Exercise

Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

355

University of Southern California | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

The University of Southern California Physical Sciences-Oncology Center's (USC PS-OC) overall goal is to thoroughly understand therapeutic response. Investigators will establish a predictive model of cancer that they can utilize to determine tumor steady state growth and drug response, particularly those involved in the hematological malignancies of acute myeloid leukemia and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

356

Physics education research: Resources for middle school science teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This resource letter intends to provide middle school science teachers with a\\u000acollection of resources to aid them in planning and implementing a physical\\u000ascience curriculum. The resources are in the form of books, websites, journals,\\u000aand organizations.

Zosia A. C. Krusberg; Johann Wolfgang von Goethe; W. B. Yeats

2009-01-01

357

Dorothy Hill Physical Sciences and Engineering Library Collection Development Policy  

E-print Network

to create the Physical Sciences and Engineering Library in January 1990. In 1997 the Dorothy Hill Geology of the late Professor of Geology, Dorothy Hill. The Engineering Library was originally located in the old as Institution of Engineers, Australia, Institution of Civil Engineers, American Society of Civil Engineers

Blows, Mark

358

Dr Skateboard's Action Science: Teaching Physics in Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to create student interest and promote new connections to the understanding of fundamental physics concepts, there is a need for new approaches and methods that are both contemporary and relevant. Dr Skateboard's Action Science, a curriculum supplement comprising video instruction and classroom activities, is an example that focuses on…

Robertson, William H.

2009-01-01

359

Activities in planetary geology for the physical and earth sciences  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A users guide for teaching activities in planetary geology, and for physical and earth sciences is presented. The following topics are discussed: cratering; aeolian processes; planetary atmospheres, in particular the Coriolis Effect and storm systems; photogeologic mapping of other planets, Moon provinces and stratigraphy, planets in stereo, land form mapping of Moon, Mercury and Mars, and geologic features of Mars.

Dalli, R.; Greeley, R.

1982-01-01

360

Deriving Accessible Science Books for the Blind Students of Physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a novel integrated methodology for the development and production of accessible physics and science books from the elementary up to tertiary educational levels. This language independent approach adopts the Design-for-All principles, the available international standards for alternative formats and the Universal Design for Learning (UDL) Guidelines. Moreover it supports both static (embossed and refreshable tactile) and dynamic (based

Georgios Kouroupetroglou; Hernisa Kacorri

2010-01-01

361

Conceptual Integration of Chemical Equilibrium by Prospective Physical Sciences Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes an empirical study concerning the mastering of the chemical equilibrium concept by prospective physical sciences teachers. The main objective was to check whether the concept of chemical equilibrium had become an integrating and unifying concept for them, that is to say an operational and functional knowledge to explain and…

Ganaras, Kostas; Dumon, Alain; Larcher, Claudine

2008-01-01

362

The Scripps Research Institute | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

The Scripps Research Institute Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (TSRI PS-OC) incorporates a trans-disciplinary effort from celebrated physicists and oncologists to pursue the mechanisms that regulate the survival of circulating tumor cells. These investigators will probe the biophysical factors implicated in the endurance of individual circulating tumor cells while in the blood stream and in their progression to metastatic disease.

363

Physical Biological Sciences First Aid Kit/Refill  

E-print Network

Physical Biological Sciences First Aid Kit/Refill ORDER FORM NSBO:Facilities:public:FORMS:First-Aid Kit Order Form.xls Item No. Item # Description Qty. U/M 1st Aid Kit Contains: 1 0042 First Aid Kit, small Ea 1 Ea 14 2331 First Aid Instruction Booklet Ea 1 Ea 15 3084 Microshield Breathing Barrier Ea 1

California at Santa Cruz, University of

364

Learning Science-Based Fitness Knowledge in Constructivist Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching fitness-related knowledge has become critical in developing children's healthful living behavior. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a science-based, constructivist physical education curriculum on learning fitness knowledge critical to healthful living in elementary school students. The schools (N = 30) were randomly…

Sun, Haichun; Chen, Ang; Zhu, Xihe; Ennis, Catherine D.

2012-01-01

365

Increasing Participation of Female Students in Physical Science Class.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes a program designed to increase participation and involvement of female students in physical science classrooms and laboratories. The setting for the study is a high school in a suburban middle class community adjacent to a metropolitan area in the Midwest. Evidence for the existence of the problem includes student involvement…

Graham, Megan

366

Clinical Education Dept. of Physical Therapy & Rehabilitation Science  

E-print Network

Clinical Education Dept. of Physical Therapy & Rehabilitation Science University of Maryland School. Foeller, MSPT Academic Coordinator of Clinical Education Kathy Davis, MA, PT Academic Coordinator of Clinical Education Tonas Kalil, PT, MGA Academic Coordinator of Clinical Education Brian D. Smith Program

Weber, David J.

367

HEALTHCARE SCIENCES Physical & Occupational Therapy, Cytotechnology, Dental Hygiene,  

E-print Network

HEALTHCARE SCIENCES Physical & Occupational Therapy, Cytotechnology, Dental Hygiene, Health Universities and colleges OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY Occupational therapy is the treatment of people who are unable) or doctoral (OTD, less common) degree in occupational therapy to gain entry in the field. All states regulate

New Hampshire, University of

368

Using Soda Cans to Teach Physical Science Students about Density  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this experiment, physical science students measured the mass of several soda cans, measured the mass and volume of water displaced when these cans were placed in water, and determined whether these cans sank or floated in water. Then, the students plotted graphs of the mass of displaced water versus the volume of displaced water, the mass of…

Sanger, Michael J.; Humphreys, Teari C.; LaPorte, Mark M.

2009-01-01

369

Science Fiction Stories with Good Astronomy and Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a selective list of some short stories and novels that use more or less accurate science and can be used for teaching or reinforcing astronomy or physics concepts. I include both traditional "science-fiction" and (occasionally) more serious fiction that derives meaning or plot from astronomy or physics ideas. The titles of short stories are given in quotation marks; only short stories that have been published in book form are included. While one book source is given for each short story, note that some of the stories can be found in other collections as well. The author welcomes suggestions for additions to or subtractions from this list, especially if your favorite story with good science is left out.

Fraknoi, Andrew

370

Impacting university physics students through participation in informal science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Informal education programs organized by university physics departments are a popular means of reaching out to communities and satisfying grant requirements. The outcomes of these programs are often described in terms of broader impacts on the community. Comparatively little attention, however, has been paid to the influence of such programs on those students facilitating the informal science programs. Through Partnerships for Informal Science Education in the Community (PISEC) at the University of Colorado Boulder, undergraduate and graduate physics students coach elementary and middle school children during an inquiry-based science afterschool program. As part of their participation in PISEC, university students complete preparation in pedagogy, communication and diversity, engage with children on a weekly basis and provide regular feedback about the program. We present findings that indicate these experiences improve the ability of university students to communicate in everyday language and positively influence their perspectives on teaching and learning.

Hinko, Kathleen; Finkelstein, Noah D.

2013-01-01

371

Cape Wind: A Public Policy Debate for the Physical Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since the industrial revolution, technological innovation and the application of basic scientific research have transformed society. Increasingly, critical conversations and legislation regarding national and international public policy have sophisticated scientific underpinnings. It is crucial that we prepare scientists and engineers with an informed scientific worldview and technical expertise to be advisors and participants in these important conversations. This paper describes the use of a debate about a proposed wind farm off the coast of Cape Cod as a platform to explore public-policy issues in a physical- science course. The subject of wind power fits naturally into curriculum related to energy, and is therefore applicable to a broad range of courses found in the disciplines of physics, chemistry, environmental science, and engineering, including general-science courses for nonscience majors.

Shannon Mayer

2007-07-01

372

Bachelor of Science in Medical Physics Program at Ryerson University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new Bachelor of Science in Medical Physics program at Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario was launched in Fall 2006. The program builds on Ryerson’s strong existing capabilities in biomedical physics research. The program’s point of entry is the common first year during which all students in Biology, Chemistry, Contemporary Science and Medical Physics programs complete the foundation courses that include physics, calculus, biology, chemistry, and introduction to computing. In addition to the foundation courses, the first-year studies include an orientation course that supports the students in making a successful transition to university studies. The courses beyond the first year include such topics as radiation therapy, image analysis, medical diagnostics and computer modeling techniques. In the final year the students will undertake an independent, faculty-supervised thesis project in an area of personal research interest. Co-op and industrial internship options are available. Our program promotes natural interaction between physics, life sciences, mathematics and computing. The flexibility built into our curriculum will open a variety of career options for our graduates.

Antimirova, Tetyana

2006-12-01

373

RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science Quantum Hadron Physics Laboratory  

E-print Network

Team Detector Team Accelerator Applications Research Group Radiation Biology Team RI Applications Team Nuclear Physics Laboratory Strangeness Nuclear Physics Laboratory Mathematical Physics Laboratory Radiation Laboratory Advanced Meson Science Laboratory Radioactive Isotope Physics Laboratory Spin Isospin

Fukai, Tomoki

374

Joint Tenure-Track Faculty Position in Exoplanetary Science Earth and Planetary Sciences and Physics Department, McGill University  

E-print Network

Joint Tenure-Track Faculty Position in Exoplanetary Science Earth and Planetary Sciences and Physics Department, McGill University The Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences (www, astrobiology and atmospheric sciences in Earth and Planetary Science and other departments. We seek candidates

Kambhampati, Patanjali

375

Designing an Introductory Physics Course for Biological Science Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the past four years the School of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Minnesota has been revising its Introductory Physics Course specifically targeted to biological science and pre-medical students. The course design process includes determining the reasons that introductory physics is required by the biology faculty and determining how or if to satisfy their goals. The resulting course must substantially satisfy the goals of the biology faculty, be an introductory physics course that stresses the application of fundamental principles and relates them to complex situations typical in biology, be of interest to beginning biology students, and be teachable by ordinary physics professors. The design process for the content and the pedagogy of the course will be described as will the resulting course structure. Student performance measures for the revised course will also be given.

Heller, Kenneth

2009-05-01

376

Single Cell Measuring Device Identifies Key Physical Parameters of Metastatic Cancer | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Scott Manalis, principal investigator of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (MIT PS-OC), led this research team, which published its findings in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Other senior members of the team included Tyler Jacks, senior scientific investigator of the MIT PS-OC, and Parag Mallick, of Stanford University and a project leader at the University of Southern California PS-OC.

377

Nuclear Science Outreach in the World Year of Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ability of scientists to articulate the importance and value of their research has become increasingly important in the present climate of declining budgets, and this is most critical in the field of nuclear science ,where researchers must fight an uphill battle against negative public perception. Yet nuclear science encompasses important technical and societal issues that should be of primary interest to informed citizens, and the need for scientists trained in nuclear techniques are important for many applications in nuclear medicine, national security and future energy sources. The NSAC Education Subcommittee Report [1] identified the need for a nationally coordinated effort in nuclear science outreach, naming as its first recommendation that `the highest priority for new investment in education be the creation by the DOE and NSF of a Center for Nuclear Science Outreach'. This talk will review the present status of public outreach in nuclear science and highlight some specific efforts that have taken place during the World Year of Physics. [1] Education in Nuclear Science: A Status Report and Recommendations for the Beginning of the 21^st Century, A Report of the DOE/NSF Nuclear Science Advisory Committee Subcommittee on Education, November 2004, http://www.sc.doe.gov/henp/np/nsac/docs/NSACCReducationreportfinal.pdf.

McMahan, Margaret

2006-04-01

378

Teaching the Teachers: Physical Science for the Non-Scientific  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Catholic University of America, in collaboration with the Solar Physics Branch of the Naval Research Laboratory and the Goddard Space Flight Center, has begun development of an experimental, inquiry-driven and standards-referenced physical science course for undergraduate, pre-service K-8 teachers. The course is team-taught by faculty from the University's Departments of Education and Physics and NRL solar physics research personnel. Basic physical science concepts are taught in the context of the Sun and Sun-Earth Connections, through direct observation, web-based solar data, and images and movies from ongoing space missions. The Sun can illuminate, in ways that cannot be duplicated with comparable clarity in the laboratory, the basics of magnetic and gravitational force fields, Newton's Laws, and light and optics. The immediacy of the connection to ongoing space research and live mission data serves as well to inspire student interest and curiosity. Teaching objectives include pedagogical methods, especially hands-on and observational experiences appropriate to the physics content and the K-8 classroom. The CUA Program, called TOPS! (Top Teachers of Physical Science!) has completed its first year of classroom experience; the first few batches of Program graduates should be in K-8 classrooms in time to capitalize on the motivational opportunities offered by the 2007-2008 IHY and IPY. We present data on the attitudinal and scientific progress of fifteen pre-service Early Childhood and Elementary Education majors as they experienced, many for the first time, the marvels of attractive and repulsive forces, live observations of solar system dynamics, access to real-time satellite data and NASA educational resources.

Michels, D. J.; Pickert, S. M.; Montrose, C. J.; Thompson, J. L.

2004-12-01

379

Quantitative biology: where modern biology meets physical sciences  

PubMed Central

Quantitative methods and approaches have been playing an increasingly important role in cell biology in recent years. They involve making accurate measurements to test a predefined hypothesis in order to compare experimental data with predictions generated by theoretical models, an approach that has benefited physicists for decades. Building quantitative models in experimental biology not only has led to discoveries of counterintuitive phenomena but has also opened up novel research directions. To make the biological sciences more quantitative, we believe a two-pronged approach needs to be taken. First, graduate training needs to be revamped to ensure biology students are adequately trained in physical and mathematical sciences and vice versa. Second, students of both the biological and the physical sciences need to be provided adequate opportunities for hands-on engagement with the methods and approaches necessary to be able to work at the intersection of the biological and physical sciences. We present the annual Physiology Course organized at the Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, MA) as a case study for a hands-on training program that gives young scientists the opportunity not only to acquire the tools of quantitative biology but also to develop the necessary thought processes that will enable them to bridge the gap between these disciplines. PMID:25368426

Shekhar, Shashank; Zhu, Lian; Mazutis, Linas; Sgro, Allyson E.; Fai, Thomas G.; Podolski, Marija

2014-01-01

380

Modern problems in physical sciences (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 26 October 2011)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) was held in the conference hall of the P N Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS on 26 October 2011. The following reports were put on the session's agenda posted on the website www.gpad.ac.ru of the RAS Physical Sciences Division: (1) Morozov S V (Institute of Microelectronics Technology and High Purity Materials, RAS, Chernogolovka, Moscow region) "New effects in graphene with high carrier mobility"; (2) Volostnikov V G (Samara Branch of the P N Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Samara) "Modern optics of Gaussian beams"; (3) Mushnikov N V (Institute of Metal Physics, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Ekaterinburg) "Intermetallide-based magnetic materials". The papers written on the base of these reports are published below. • New effects in graphene with high carrier mobility, S V Morozov Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 4, Pages 408-412 • Modern optics of Gaussian beams, V G Volostnikov Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 4, Pages 412-420 • Intermetallide-based magnetic materials, N V Mushnikov Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 4, Pages 421-425

2012-04-01

381

Modern problems in the physical sciences (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 30 November 2011)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On 30 November 2011, a scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) was held in the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS.The agenda of the session announced on the RAS Physical Sciences Division website www.gpad.ac.ru included the following reports: (1) Ivchenko E L (Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, RAS, St. Petersburg) "Spin physics in semiconductor nanosystems"; (2) Golub L E (A F Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, RAS, St. Petersburg) "Spin transport in heterostructures"; (3) Levchenko A A (Institute of Solid State Physics, RAS, Chernogolovka, Moscow region) "Capillary turbulence on the surface of quantum liquids"; (4) Babin S A (Institute of Automation and Electrometry, Siberian Branch of the RAS) "New generation modes in fiber lasers"; (5) Kurt V G (Astro-Space Center of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Motion of the Sun through the interstellar medium"; (6) Lukash V N (Astro-Space Center of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Cosmological flow generation in general relativity".Papers written on the basis of oral reports 1-3, 5, and 6 are presented below. • Spin physics in semiconductor nanosystems, E L Ivchenko Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 8, Pages 808-814 • Spin transport in heterostructures, L E Golub Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 8, Pages 814-818 • Kinetic and discrete turbulence on the surface of quantum liquids, L V Abdurakhimov, M Yu Brazhnikov, A A Levchenko, I A Remizov, S V Filatov Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 8, Pages 818-825 • Motion of the Sun through the interstellar medium, V G Kurt, E N Mironova Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 8, Pages 825-831 • Generation of cosmological flows in general relativity, V N Lukash, E V Mikheeva, V N Strokov Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 8, Pages 831-837

2012-08-01

382

A physical sciences network characterization of non-tumorigenic and metastatic cells  

E-print Network

To investigate the transition from non-cancerous to metastatic from a physical sciences perspective, the Physical Sciences–Oncology Centers (PS-OC) Network performed molecular and biophysical comparative studies of the ...

Jacks, Tyler E.

383

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL THERAPY AND HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCES NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY FEINBERG SCHOOL OF MEDICINE  

E-print Network

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL THERAPY AND HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCES NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY FEINBERG SCHOOL/ore electronic (Internet) version at the Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, as requested, Department of Physical Therapy & Human Movement Sciences, Northwestern University's Feinberg School

Contractor, Anis

384

Tumor-Causing Cells Are Squishier | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

A new tool developed by a team of scientists at The Methodist Hospital Research Institute Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (Methodist PS-OC) separates tumor-causing cancer cells from more benign cells by sifting the cells through an ordered set of microscopic posts. As reported in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, only more flexible, tumor-causing cells can navigate the micrometer-sized spaces between posts on a device that the researchers have named the MS-Chip.

385

Physical Science Informatics: Providing Open Science Access to Microheater Array Boiling Experiment Data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Physical Science Informatics (PSI) system is the next step in this an effort to make NASA sponsored flight data available to the scientific and engineering community, along with the general public. The experimental data, from six overall disciplines, Combustion Science, Fluid Physics, Complex Fluids, Fundamental Physics, and Materials Science, will present some unique challenges. Besides data in textual or numerical format, large portions of both the raw and analyzed data for many of these experiments are digital images and video, requiring large data storage requirements. In addition, the accessible data will include experiment design and engineering data (including applicable drawings), any analytical or numerical models, publications, reports, and patents, and any commercial products developed as a result of the research. This objective of paper includes the following: Present the preliminary layout (Figure 2) of MABE data within the PSI database. Obtain feedback on the layout. Present the procedure to obtain access to this database.

McQuillen, John; Green, Robert D.; Henrie, Ben; Miller, Teresa; Chiaramonte, Fran

2014-01-01

386

Physics teacher use of the history of science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The School of Education and the Department of Physics at Boston University offer a sequence of 10 two-credit professional development courses through the Improving the Teaching of Physics (ITOP) project. The ITOP courses combine physics content, readings from the physics education research (PER) literature, and the conceptual history of physics (CHOP). ITOP participants self-report changes to their teaching practices as a result of their participation in ITOP. The purpose of this study was to verify and characterize those changes in the specific area of the participants' use of history after their study of CHOP. Ten recent ITOP participants were observed, interviewed, and asked to provide lesson plans and samples of student work from their classes. Case studies of each participant's teaching were constructed from the data. The individual cases were synthesized to characterize the impact of CHOP on the ITOP participants. The results show that the participants integrate CHOP into their pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) to inform their understanding of: (1) the relationship between physics and other disciplines, (2) the relationship between specific physics concepts, (3) student understanding of physics concepts, (4) student difficulties in learning physics concepts, and (5) methods for teaching physics concepts. The participants use history to teach a variety of topics, although the most common were mechanics and electromagnetism. All of the participants used history to teach aspects of the nature of science (NOS) and to increase student interest in physics, while eight participants taught physics concepts through history. The predominant mode of incorporating history was through adding anecdotes about the scientists who worked on the concepts, but seven participants had their students study the historical development of physical concepts. All the participants discussed a lack of time as a factor that inhibits a greater use of history in their courses. Eight participants discussed a lack of appropriate resources for using history in high school physics classes. Two participants said they did not feel that explicit study of the history of physics would benefit their students until they had better mastery of physics concepts.

Winrich, Charles

387

QFT In Physical Systems: Condensed Matter to Life Sciences  

E-print Network

A panoramic view is given of the applications of QFT to diverse areas of physics, beginning with the concepts of QED Vacuum as well as of electron self-energy and renormalization. The related concepts of the degenerate vacuum, spontaneous symmetry breaking (SSB)and Nambu-Goldstone bosons, together with their applications to condensed matter physics and quasi particles are outlined. The possibilities of application to life sciences are also examined. Finally the alternative method of Path integrals for introducing QFT is briefly indicated.

A. N. Mitra

2011-08-01

388

New Technique Measures Key Physical Properties of Single Cells | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

A team of investigators from The Scripps Research Institute Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (TSRI PS-OC) has developed a technique that can determine weight based on appearance. The optical imaging technique, called tomographic bright field imaging (TBFI), can be used in various scientific research settings and has the potential to directly impact blood cell research in cancer patients.

389

Are Grades 10-12 Physical Sciences Teachers Equipped to Teach Physics?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

South African schools have been confronted with educational reform since the mid-nineties and the process is still continuing. The concomitant changes put a very high demand on physical sciences teachers and also have an impact on teacher behaviour. The purpose of this study was to probe whether teachers could be considered equipped to teach the…

Basson, Ilsa; Kriek, Jeanne

2012-01-01

390

Development and evaluation of large-enrollment, active-learning physical science curriculum  

E-print Network

Development and evaluation of large-enrollment, active- learning physical science curriculum Fred is a one- semester curriculum with a student-oriented pedagogy designed to enable students to develop tests of Learning Physical Science (LEPS), a new curriculum adapted from Physical Science and Everyday

Goldberg, Fred M.

391

Physics Lectures and Laboratories. A Model To Improve Preservice Elementary Science Teacher Development. Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A group of scientists and science educators has developed and pilot tested an integrated physical science program designed for preservice elementary school teachers. This document includes the syllabus and class materials for the Physics block of the physical science courses developed by the group. Included are diagrams, lecture notes, homework…

Dresser, Miles

392

Predicting How Fast Cells Move | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

By carefully studying the clusters of proteins (focal adhesions) that help cells adhere to surfaces, two investigators from the Johns Hopkins University Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (Johns Hopkins PS-OC) have uncovered a relationship between the size of these clusters and the speed at which cells moves. Denis Wirtz, Johns Hopkins PS-OC principle investigator, and graduate student Dong-Hwee Kim. The results of their studies are published in The FASEB Journal.

393

Mathematics Probes Evolution of Breast Cancer | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Using a complex mathematical model that reproduces the evolution of mutations in breast cancer, researchers at the Dana Farber Cancer Institute Physical Sciences-Oncology Center have identified a plausible mechanism that explains the unusual genetics of hereditary breast cancers and those that arise sporadically. The investigators, Franziska Michor and graduate student Laura de Vargas Roditi, published their findings in the Journal of Theoretical Biology.

394

The Methodist Hospital Research Institute | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

The Methodist Hospital Research Institute Physical Sciences-Oncology Center evaluates the process of mass transport in cancer to generate novel methods to improve diagnosis and treatment of cancer. This center focuses on hepatic, breast, colorectal, and pancreatic primary cancers as well on liver metastasis of the last three conditions. The investigators show that transport differentials are very important in the ability to efficiently treat malignancies.

395

Some Malignant Cells Are Born Leaders | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Thanks to some clever tissue engineering to create a three-dimensional model of a breast tumor, researchers at the Cornell University Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (Cornell PS-OC) have shown that metastatic tumor cells are able to recruit non-metastatic cells to collectively invade the extracellular matrix that surrounds a tumor. These results suggest that different cell types in a tumor may cooperate to invade surrounding tissues and lead to the development of metastatic disease.

396

The science house: The learning outreach project of the college of physical and mathematical sciences of North Carolina State University  

SciTech Connect

Teaching science is about ideas and doing things. The purpose of the Science House is to increase student enthusiasm for the sciences and to help teachers present challenging and stimulating science and mathematics classes. The Science House emphasizes hands-on laboratory experiences and the partnership of school teachers and university faculty to develop classes and materials for K-12 students. A major goal of the Science House is to provide a model for the interaction between the research university and public schools in providing quality science education for our children. Teacher workshops of the Science House include Countertop Chemistry, Physics From the Junk Drawer, Digging Into Earth Science, Hands-On Mathematics, The Science of Astronomy, Integrating Math and Science, and Using Computers in the Lab. Other activities of the Science House include Physics on the Road - a traveling physics demonstration program visiting schools around North Carolina, the Imhotep Academy - a Saturday learning experience for students in grades 6-10 with the goal of increasing the pool of African-American students pursuing careers in science and mathematics, the Howard Hughes Pre-College Science Program - a program whose purpose is to assist a group of biology, chemistry, and physics teachers in learning new teaching technologies and to develop interdisciplinary teaching modules, and Team Science - a program whose purpose is to provide physics and chemistry students in rural schools the same learning opportunities available to their peers in the metropolitan schools of North Carolina.

Smith, M.C.; Haase, D.G. [North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States)

1994-12-31

397

Solar and Space Physics: A Science for a Technological Society  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

From the interior of the Sun, to the upper atmosphere and near-space environment of Earth, and outward to a region far beyond Pluto where the Sun's influence wanes, advances during the past decade in space physics and solar physics the disciplines NASA refers to as heliophysics have yielded spectacular insights into the phenomena that affect our home in space. This report, from the National Research Council's (NRC's) Committee for a Decadal Strategy in Solar and Space Physics, is the second NRC decadal survey in heliophysics. Building on the research accomplishments realized over the past decade, the report presents a program of basic and applied research for the period 2013-2022 that will improve scientific understanding of the mechanisms that drive the Sun's activity and the fundamental physical processes underlying near-Earth plasma dynamics, determine the physical interactions of Earth's atmospheric layers in the context of the connected Sun-Earth system, and enhance greatly the capability to provide realistic and specific forecasts of Earth's space environment that will better serve the needs of society. Although the recommended program is directed primarily to NASA (Science Mission Directorate -- Heliophysics Division) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) (Directorate for Geosciences -- Atmospheric and Geospace Sciences) for action, the report also recommends actions by other federal agencies, especially the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) those parts of NOAA charged with the day-to-day (operational) forecast of space weather. In addition to the recommendations included in this summary, related recommendations are presented in the main text of the report.

2013-01-01

398

Nuclear Physics Science Network Requirements Workshop, May 2008 - Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is the primary provider of network connectivity for the US Department of Energy Office of Science, the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States of America. In support of the Office of Science programs, ESnet regularly updates and refreshes its understanding of the networking requirements of the instruments, facilities, scientists, and science programs that it serves. This focus has helped ESnet to be a highly successful enabler of scientific discovery for over 20 years. In May 2008, ESnet and the Nuclear Physics (NP) Program Office of the DOE Office of Science organized a workshop to characterize the networking requirements of the science programs funded by the NP Program Office. Most of the key DOE sites for NP related work will require significant increases in network bandwidth in the 5 year time frame. This includes roughly 40 Gbps for BNL, and 20 Gbps for NERSC. Total transatlantic requirements are on the order of 40 Gbps, and transpacific requirements are on the order of 30 Gbps. Other key sites are Vanderbilt University and MIT, which will need on the order of 20 Gbps bandwidth to support data transfers for the CMS Heavy Ion program. In addition to bandwidth requirements, the workshop emphasized several points in regard to science process and collaboration. One key point is the heavy reliance on Grid tools and infrastructure (both PKI and tools such as GridFTP) by the NP community. The reliance on Grid software is expected to increase in the future. Therefore, continued development and support of Grid software is very important to the NP science community. Another key finding is that scientific productivity is greatly enhanced by easy researcher-local access to instrument data. This is driving the creation of distributed repositories for instrument data at collaborating institutions, along with a corresponding increase in demand for network-based data transfers and the tools to manage those transfers effectively. Network reliability is also becoming more important as there is often a narrow window between data collection and data archiving when transfer and analysis can be done. The instruments do not stop producing data, so extended network outages can result in data loss due to analysis pipeline stalls. Finally, as the scope of collaboration continues to increase, collaboration tools such as audio and video conferencing are becoming ever more critical to the productivity of scientific collaborations.

Tierney, Ed., Brian L; Dart, Ed., Eli; Carlson, Rich; Dattoria, Vince; Ernest, Michael; Hitchcock, Daniel; Johnston, William; Kowalski, Andy; Lauret, Jerome; Maguire, Charles; Olson, Douglas; Purschke, Martin; Rai, Gulshan; Watson, Chip; Vale, Carla

2008-11-10

399

The Future of Particle Physics as a Natural Science  

E-print Network

In the first part of the talk, I give a low-resolution overview of the current state of particle physics - the triumph of the Standard Model and its discontents. I review and re-endorse the remarkably direct and (to me) compelling argument that existing data, properly interpreted, point toward a unified theory of fundamental particle interactions and toward low-energy supersymmetry as the near-term future of high energy physics as a natural science. I then attempt, as requested, some more `visionary' - i.e. even lower resolution - comments about the farther future. In that spirit, I emphasize the continuing importance of condensed matter physics as a source of inspiration and potential application, in particular for expansion of symmetry concepts, and of cosmology as a source of problems, applications, and perhaps ultimately limitations.

Frank Wilczek

1997-02-20

400

75 FR 6651 - Office of Science; High Energy Physics Advisory Panel  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...ENERGY Office of Science; High Energy Physics Advisory Panel AGENCY: Department of...announces a meeting of the High Energy Physics Advisory Panel (HEPAP). Federal Advisory...Kogut, Executive Secretary; High Energy Physics Advisory Panel; U.S. Department...

2010-02-10

401

Fantastic Physics: Developing an Early Interest in Science. A Preschool Science Curriculum.(4 Year Old Curriculum).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using hands-on activities and the "Plan, Do, Review" approach, this physics curriculum for 4-year-olds is designed to develop an early interest in and enthusiasm for science and to excite children about learning in general. The curriculum is designed to be implemented biweekly in preschool or child care programs but may also be presented at a…

Summer, Gail L.; Giovannini, Kathleen

402

ASSISTANT PROFESSOR KINESIOLOGY & PHYSICAL EDUCATION EXERCISE SCIENCE DEPARTMENT: The Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education at Northern Illinois University has a highly regarded regional  

E-print Network

ASSISTANT PROFESSOR KINESIOLOGY & PHYSICAL EDUCATION ­ EXERCISE SCIENCE DEPARTMENT: The Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education at Northern Illinois University has a highly regarded regional and national science and physical education students with opportunities to also teach in complementary cognate areas

Kostic, Milivoje M.

403

Implications of computer science principles for quantum physics  

E-print Network

The Church-Turing thesis is one of the pillars of computer science; it postulates that every classical system has equivalent computability power to the so-called Turing machine. While this thesis is crucial for our understanding of computing devices, its implications in other scientific fields have hardly been explored. Here we start this research programme in the context of quantum physics and show that computer science laws have profound implications for some of the most fundamental results of the theory. We first show how they question our knowledge on what a mixed quantum state is, as we identify situations in which ensembles of quantum states defining the same mixed state, indistinguishable according to the quantum postulates, do become distinguishable when prepared by a computer. We also show a new loophole for Bell-like experiments: if some of the parties in a Bell-like experiment use a computer to decide which measurements to make, then the computational resources of an eavesdropper have to be limited in order to have a proper observation of non-locality. Our work opens a new direction in the search for a framework unifying computer science and quantum physics.

Ariel Bendersky; Gonzalo de la Torre; Gabriel Senno; Santiago Figueira; Antonio Acin

2014-07-02

404

ASP2012: Fundamental Physics and Accelerator Sciences in Africa  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Much remains to be done to improve education and scientific research in Africa. Supported by the international scientific community, our initiative has been to contribute to fostering science in sub-Saharan Africa by establishing a biennial school on fundamental subatomic physics and its applications. The school is based on a close interplay between theoretical, experimental, and applied physics. The lectures are addressed to students or young researchers with at least a background of 4 years of university formation. The aim of the school is to develop capacity, interpret, and capitalize on the results of current and future physics experiments with particle accelerators; thereby spreading education for innovation in related applications and technologies, such as medicine and information science. Following the worldwide success of the first school edition, which gathered 65 students for 3-week in Stellenbosch (South Africa) in August 2010, the second edition will be hosted in Ghana from July 15 to August 4, 2012. The school is a non-profit organization, which provides partial or full financial support to 50 of the selected students, with priority to Sub-Saharan African students.

Darve, Christine

2012-02-01

405

Development of a Physical Science Course for Elementary Education Majors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have developed a physical science content course for elementary education majors that is aligned with state standards. The course incorporates several hands-on activities related to the Virginia Standards of Learning that have already been implemented as one-hour lessons in elementary classrooms. Topics include measurement, properties of matter, motion & energy, electricity & magnetism, sound & light, chemical & physical processes, weather, and the solar system. In addition to the hands-on activities, course content is discussed in a small lecture format with questions posed throughout the material. The students discuss these questions in assigned groups and then answer them using remote answer devices (see www.einstruction.com). Lastly, conceptual ideas in class are reinforced using online LON-CAPA homework questions that are individually randomized for each student and provide immediate feedback (see loncapa.org). Those questions which indicate a high degree-of-difficulty are reassigned during following weeks to provide multiple opportunities for practice. All of these active learning approaches reinforce basic concepts necessary to teach physical science at the elementary level.

Baski, A. A.; Hunnicutt, S.

2007-03-01

406

Students, language, and physics: Discourse in the science classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Women and minorities do not enter science professions at rates consistent with their populations (Rosser, 2000). A variety of theoretical frameworks and associated interventions have been cited in the literature; yet, the gender and racial gaps remain. Theoretical frameworks and the associated interventions to promote the success of women and minorities in the sciences have primarily been one dimensional: they address issues of Self (associated with experiential and psychoanalytical framings) or Language (categorical and deconstructive framings) (Grumet & Stone, 2000). Furthermore, research in science education with few exceptions (Hanson, 2004), has failed to address race and gender through an intersectional analysis. This study investigates the inclusion and exclusion of girls and minorities in the sciences by examining the connections between Self and Language in physics group work conversations. Critical Discourse Analysis was used to explore the connections between Self and Language. Eight students in two groups were the focus of the study. Transcription of conversations and coding of transcripts with students' subject positions, genres, and registers provided evidence of the reflexivity of Self and Language. Furthermore, the study demonstrated how group discourse and power imbalances within groups serve to simultaneously facilitate and constrain learning opportunities and learning itself.

Kowalski, Susan Marie

407

The Science on Saturday Program at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Science on Saturday Program at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory consists of a series of Saturday morning lectures on various topics in science by scientists, engineers, educators, and others with an interesting story. This program has been in existence for over twelve years and has been advertised to and primarily aimed at the high school level. Topics ranging from superconductivity to computer animation and gorilla conservation to pharmaceutical design have been covered. Lecturers from the staff of Princeton, Rutgers, AT and T, Bristol Meyers Squibb, and many others have participated. Speakers have ranged from Nobel prize winners, astronauts, industrialists, educators, engineers, and science writers. Typically, there are eight to ten lectures starting in January. A mailing list has been compiled for schools, science teachers, libraries, and museums in the Princeton area. For the past two years AT and T has sponsored buses for Trenton area students to come to these lectures and an effort has been made to publicize the program to these students. The series has been very popular, frequently overfilling the 300 seat PPPL auditorium. As a result, the lectures are videotaped and broadcast to a large screen TV for remote viewing. Lecturers are encouraged to interact with the audience and ample time is provided for questions.

Bretz, N.; Lamarche, P.; Lagin, L.; Ritter, C.; Carroll, D. L.

1996-11-01

408

The Science Shop for Physics: an interface between practical problems in society and physical knowledge  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since some 20 years most Dutch universities have one or more science shops. Central shops handle research questions for all disciplines. Specialized shops are part of a department of chemistry or medicine, history, social science, etc. The shops have evolved rather differently, but their main mission still is to help social groups that lack money and have no easy access to scientific knowledge, e.g. neighbourhood, environmental, third world or patient groups. Most also help non-commercial organizations such as schools, trade unions or local authorities. Low-cost help can be provided because students do the work as part of their training, mainly in student projects (literature search, practical work, graduation, etc.). A total staff of 80, helped by 600 students, 250 voluntary and 50 paid researchers, handle 1500 questions resulting in 300 reports (estimated figures 1995). Science shops for physics (`Physics Shop', PS) have to deal with practical problems, generally involving classical physics. Major topics are noise, vibration, radiation, indoor climate and energy: most of the work lies in estimating/measuring relevant parameters, assessing impact, seeking solutions. The 3 Dutch PS's have developed in different directions. One is run entirely by students and deals with small, concrete problems. The second PS is managed by a co-ordinator who mediates between client groups and physics staff members who assist students in small and larger projects. The third has a lot of in-house expertise, and the shop staff is in direct contact with client groups as well as students who work in the PS itself. In questions submitted to the PS it is not always immediately clear what to do or how to do it because of the non-scientific phrasing of the problems and problems include non-physical (e.g. technical, health or legal) aspects. Also, difficulties in solving the problems are typically not in the underlying physics, but in the lack of accurate data and of control of the complex environment. However, these very aspects are important from an educational point of view. Through these problems students (and physicists) may gain more insight into how lay people percieve and make use of science, and into the position of science in relation to other ways in which people try to understand their world.

van den Berg, G. P.

1998-03-01

409

Physical sciences research plans for the International Space Station  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The restructuring of the research capabilities of the International Space Station has forced a reassessment of the Physical Sciences research plans and a re-targeting of the major scientific thrusts. The combination of already selected peer-reviewed flight investigations with the initiation of new research and technology programs will allow the maximization of the ISS scientific and technological potential. Fundamental and applied research will use a combination of ISS-based facilities, ground-based activities, and other experimental platforms to address issues impacting fundamental knowledge, industrial and medical applications on Earth, and the technology required for human space exploration. The current flight investigation research plan shows a large number of principal investigators selected to use the remaining planned research facilities. c2003 American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Trinh, E. H.

2003-01-01

410

BS in TEACHING PHYSICAL SCIENCE (690128) Map Sheet College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

-Year Writing Adv Written & Oral Communication Quantitative Reasoning Languages of Learning (Math or Language 223 Quantitative & Qualitative Analysis Chem 351 Organic Chemistry Geol 111 Physical Geology Geol 112 Stratigraphy and Sedimentation Geol 480 Paleontology 3.0 4.0 3.0 1.0 0.5 4.0 3.0 4.0 4.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 1.0 1

Seamons, Kent E.

411

JSTOR: Philosophical Transactions: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 2000 back issues of this scholarly journal were made available to researchers through JSTOR (Journal Storage). JSTOR offers online access to numerous scholarly journals on a "moving wall" basis -- in which users may download the full text and figures of each article that is at least three-years-old. Currently, JSTOR coverage includes Philosophical Transactions: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 354-355, 1996-1997. Newer articles are continually added on a moving wall basis. Access is limited to participating institutions, a list of which is provided at the JSTOR site.

412

Numerical Data Advisory Board assembly of mathematial and physical sciences  

SciTech Connect

The Numerical Data Advisory Board (NDAB) is an advisory body that provides expert overview, on a broad basis, of data needs and data programs as required for the advancement of science and technology. Board members, representing various disciplines, concern themselves with the quality, reliability, availability, accessibility, and dissemination of numerical data in physical, chemical, engineering, and interdisciplinary subjects as well as numeric and non-numeric data that arise in biology and geology. Topics of concern are addressed by the NDAB membership, or by specific, carefully chosen committees and panels established by NDAB in order to include experts appropriate to the subject at hand.

Not Available

1980-07-30

413

Deriving Accessible Science Books for the Blind Students of Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a novel integrated methodology for the development and production of accessible physics and science books from the elementary up to tertiary educational levels. This language independent approach adopts the Design-for-All principles, the available international standards for alternative formats and the Universal Design for Learning (UDL) Guidelines. Moreover it supports both static (embossed and refreshable tactile) and dynamic (based on synthetic speech and other sounds) accessibility. It can produce Tactile Books (Embossed Braille and Tactile Graphics), Digital Talking Books (or Digital Audio Books), Large Print Books as well as Acoustic-Tactile Books for the blind and visually impaired students as well as but for the print-disabled. This methodology has been successfully applied in the case of blind students of the Physics, Mathematics and Informatics Departments in the University of Athens.

Kouroupetroglou, Georgios; Kacorri, Hernisa

2010-01-01

414

Physics Myth Busting: A Lab-Centered Course for Non-Science Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is ongoing interest in how and what we teach in physics courses for non-science students, so-called "physics for poets" courses. Art Hobson has effectively argued that teaching science literacy should be a key ingredient in these courses. Hobson uses Jon Millers definition of science literacy, which has two components: first, "a basic…

Madsen, Martin John

2011-01-01

415

PHYSICS/COMPUTER SCIENCEPHYSICS/COMPUTER SCIENCEPHYSICS/COMPUTER SCIENCE This major is intended for students with dual interests in physics and computer  

E-print Network

PHYSICS/COMPUTER SCIENCEPHYSICS/COMPUTER SCIENCEPHYSICS/COMPUTER SCIENCE This major is intended for students with dual interests in physics and computer science who wish to complete the essential courses;PHYSICS/COMPUTER SCIENCEPHYSICS/COMPUTER SCIENCEPHYSICS/COMPUTER SCIENCE Bachelor of Science (BS

Krylov, Anna I.

416

Biographical Sources in the Sciences--Life, Earth and Physical Sciences (1989-2006). LC Science Tracer Bullet. TB 06-4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide offers a systematic approach to the wide variety of published biographical information on men and women of science in the life, earth and physical sciences, primarily from 1989 to 2006, and complements Library of Congress Science Tracer Bullet "TB88-3" ("Biographical Sources in the Sciences," compiled 1988 [ED306074]) and "TB06-7"…

Freitag, Ruth, Comp.; Bradley, Michelle Cadoree, Comp.

2006-01-01

417

Meet Abby HAtfield, physical science teacher and science department chair at Newmarket High School, and Matt endrizzi, science teacher at St. thomas  

E-print Network

, environmental, and Mechanical engineers present topics such as cleaning groundwater, bridge building, simpleMeet Abby HAtfield, physical science teacher and science department chair at Newmarket High School, and Matt endrizzi, science teacher at St. thomas Aquinas High School. Matt and Abby are summer science

New Hampshire, University of

418

Experimental Physical Sciences Vistas: MaRIE (draft)  

SciTech Connect

To achieve breakthrough scientific discoveries in the 21st century, a convergence and integration of world-leading experimental facilities and capabilities with theory, modeling, and simulation is necessary. In this issue of Experimental Physical Sciences Vistas, I am excited to present our plans for Los Alamos National Laboratory's future flagship experimental facility, MaRIE (Matter-Radiation Interactions in Extremes). MaRIE is a facility that will provide transformational understanding of matter in extreme conditions required to reduce or resolve key weapons performance uncertainties, develop the materials needed for advanced energy systems, and transform our ability to create materials by design. Our unique role in materials science starting with the Manhattan Project has positioned us well to develop a contemporary materials strategy pushing the frontiers of controlled functionality - the design and tailoring of a material for the unique demands of a specific application. Controlled functionality requires improvement in understanding of the structure and properties of materials in order to synthesize and process materials with unique characteristics. In the nuclear weapons program today, improving data and models to increase confidence in the stockpile can take years from concept to new knowledge. Our goal with MaRIE is to accelerate this process by enhancing predictive capability - the ability to compute a priori the observables of an experiment or test and pertinent confidence intervals using verified and validated simulation tools. It is a science-based approach that includes the use of advanced experimental tools, theoretical models, and multi-physics codes, simultaneously dealing with multiple aspects of physical operation of a system that are needed to develop an increasingly mature predictive capability. This same approach is needed to accelerate improvements to other systems such as nuclear reactors. MaRIE will be valuable to many national security science challenges. Our first issue of Vistas focused on our current national user facilities (the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center [LANSCE], the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory-Pulsed Field Facility, and the Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies) and the vitality they bring to our Laboratory. These facilities are a magnet for students, postdoctoral researchers, and staff members from all over the world. This, in turn, allows us to continue to develop and maintain our strong staff across the relevant disciplines and conduct world-class discovery science. The second issue of Vistas was devoted entirely to the Laboratory's materials strategy - one of the three strategic science thrusts for the Laboratory. This strategy has helped focus our thinking for MaRIE. We believe there is a bright future in cutting-edge experimental materials research, and that a 21st-century facility with unique capability is necessary to fulfill this goal. The Laboratory has spent the last several years defining MaRIE, and this issue of Vistas presents our current vision of that facility. MaRIE will leverage LANSCE and our other user facilities, as well as our internal and external materials community for decades to come, giving Los Alamos a unique competitive advantage, advancing materials science for the Laboratory's missions and attracting and recruiting scientists of international stature. MaRIE will give the international materials research community a suite of tools capable of meeting a broad range of outstanding grand challenges.

Shlachter, Jack [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-09-08

419

(?) The Air Force Geophysics Laboratory: Aeronomy, aerospace instrumentation, space physics, meteorology, terrestrial sciences and optical physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Contents: The Air Force Geophysics Laboratory; Aeronomy Division--Upper Atmosphere Composition, Middle Atmosphere Effects, Atmospheric UV Radiation, Satellite Accelerometer Density Measurement, Theoretical Density Studies, Chemical Transport Models, Turbulence and Forcing Functions, Atmospheric Ion Chemistry, Energy Budget Campaign, Kwajalein Reference Atmospheres, 1979, Satellite Studies of the Neutral Atmosphere, Satellite Studies of the Ionosphere, Aerospace Instrumentation Division--Sounding Rocket Program, Satellite Support, Rocket and Satellite Instrumentation; Space Physics Division--Solar Research, Solar Radio Research, Environmental Effects on Space Systems, Solar Proton Event Studies, Defense Meteorological Satellite Program, Ionospheric Effects Research, Spacecraft Charging Technology; Meteorology Division--Cloud Physics, Ground-Based Remote-Sensing Techniques, Mesoscale Observing and Forecasting, Design Climatology, Aircraft Icing Program, Atmospheric Dynamics; Terrestrial Sciences Division--Geodesy and Gravity, Geokinetics; Optical Physics Division--Atmospheric Transmission, Remote Sensing, INfrared Background; and Appendices.

McGinty, A. B.

1982-04-01

420

An Innovative College Curriculum Model for Teaching Physical Science to Pre-Service Elementary Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces a curriculum model for teaching physical science to the pre-service elementary school teacher entitled "Powerful Ideas in Physical Science (PIPS)". This model was developed by members of the American Association of Physics Teachers (AAPT) and is inquiry-based, hands-on, and discrepant-event based. (Author/MM)

Lilly, James Edward; Sirochman, Rudy F.

2000-01-01

421

PR2EPS: Preparation, Recruitment, Retention and Excellence in the Physical Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

PR2EPS, is an NSF-DUE sponsored program at SUNY Oneonta designed to attract students to pursue physics, chemistry and related physical science degrees in college. For those students who choose to study at SUNY Oneonta, the program also seeks to increase the retention rate of all students in the physical sciences by providing specialized skills and professional development courses, an evening

Hugh Gallagher

2005-01-01

422

New instrument for measuring student beliefs about physics and learning physics: The Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey (CLASS) is a new instrument designed to measure student beliefs about physics and about learning physics. This instrument extends previous work by probing additional aspects of student beliefs and by using wording suitable for students in a wide variety of physics courses. The CLASS has been validated using interviews, reliability studies, and extensive

W. K. Adams; K. K. Perkins; N. S. Podolefsky; M. Dubson; N. D. Finkelstein; C. E. Wieman

2006-01-01

423

New instrument for measuring student beliefs about physics and learning physics: The Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey CLASS is a new instrument designed to measure student beliefs about physics and about learning physics. This instrument extends previous work by probing additional aspects of student beliefs and by using wording suitable for students in a wide variety of physics courses. The CLASS has been validated using interviews, reliability studies, and extensive

W. K. Adams; K. K. Perkins; N. S. Podolefsky; M. Dubson; N. D. Finkelstein; C. E. Wieman

2006-01-01

424

Physics 139B Quantum Mechanics Autumn 2011 Location and time: MWF 2:003:10 pm, Physical Sciences 114.  

E-print Network

Physics 139B Quantum Mechanics Autumn 2011 1 Location and time: MWF 2:00­3:10 pm, Physical Sciences site: http://scipp.ucsc.edu/~johnson/physics139b.htm eCommons site: https://ecommons.ucsc.edu/xsl-portal Textbooks: Introduction to Quantum Mechanics, D. Griffiths, 2nd Edition The following syllabus is tentative

California at Santa Cruz, University of

425

Science fiction in physics teaching: improvement of science education and History of Sciencevia informal strategies of teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present work describes an alternative proposal to teach physics and history of science using science-fiction films. This proposal was developed to be improved in high schools, colleges and training courses for teachers-in-service. A videofilm (15 minutes du- ration) was produced in NTSC with several excepts from the classical science fiction films. The \\

Marcos Cesar; Danhoni Neves; Fabiano Cesar Cardoso; Fabio Sussumu

426

Following student gaze patterns in physical science lectures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigates the gaze patterns of undergraduate college students attending a lecture-based physical science class to better understand the relationships between gaze and focus patterns and student attention during class. The investigators used a new eye-tracking product; Tobii Glasses. The glasses eliminate the need for subjects to focus on a computer screen or carry around a backpack-sized recording device, thus giving an investigator the ability to study a broader range of research questions. This investigation includes what students focus on in the classroom (i.e. demonstrations, instructor, notes, board work, and presentations) during a normal lecture, what diverts attention away from being on task as well as what keeps a subject on task. We report on the findings from 8 subjects during physical science lectures designed for future elementary school teachers. We found that students tended not to focus on the instructor for most parts of the lecture but rather the information, particularly new information presented on PowerPoint slides. Finally, we found that location in the classroom also impacted students' attention spans due to more distractors.

Rosengrant, David; Hearrington, Doug; Alvarado, Kerriann; Keeble, Danielle

2012-02-01

427

The Persistent Dearth of Women in the Physical Sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For twenty years, scientists and society alike have averred that discrimination against women is a thing of the past, which may be largely true for the most overt kind of discrimination. Yet judging from the scarcity of women in the physical sciences in the U.S. today, it is clear that these professions efficiently filter out women (and probably other minorities). Not only are women present in much smaller numbers than men at all levels, their presence decreases with increasing rank in the academic hierarchy, and women advance more slowly and with greater attrition than men. Notably, the pre-college pipeline is no longer the critical issue, since women are present in large numbers in introductory science and math classes at top undergraduate institutions. However, there is little agreement on what the critical problem might be, much less its solution. Furthermore, most physical scientists in academia, which is to say male full professors, have paid relatively little attention to this problem and are not well informed about the current status of women in their fields or the extensive research on gender bias. I review the relevant statistics and some of this research. I conclude that progress is possible if people in positions of power adopt the inclusion of women as a priority. This will enhance excellence in our profession, both because it taps a wider pool of talent and because it corrects the bias that has (under the assumption of equal distribution of talent among men and women) excluded some of our best scientists.

Urry, C. Megan

2002-04-01

428

The "Earth Physics" Workshops Offered by the Earth Science Education Unit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Earth science has a part to play in broadening students' learning experience in physics. The Earth Science Education Unit presents a range of (free) workshops to teachers and trainee teachers, suggesting how Earth-based science activities, which show how we understand and use the planet we live on, can easily be slotted into normal science

Davies, Stephen

2012-01-01

429

A content analysis of physical science textbooks with regard to the nature of science and ethnic diversity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The goal of science education is the preparation of scientifically literate students (Abd-El-Khalick & Lederman, 2000, & American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 1990). In order to instruct students in the nature of science with its history, development, methods and applications, science teachers use textbooks as the primary organizer for the curriculum (Chippetta, Ganesh, Lee, & Phillips, 2006). Science textbooks are the dominant instructional tool that exerts great influence on instructional content and its delivery (Wang, 1998). Science and science literacy requires acquiring knowledge about the natural world and understanding its application in society, or, in other words, the nature of science. An understanding of the nature of science is an important part of science literacy (Abd-El-Khalik & Lederman, 2000, & AAAS, 1990). The nature of science has four basic themes or dimensions: science as a body of knowledge, science as a way of thinking, science as a way of investigating, and science with its interaction with technology and society (Chippetta & Koballa, 2006). Textbooks must relay and incorporate these themes to promote science literacy. The results from this content analysis provide further insights into science textbooks and their content with regard to the inclusion of the nature of science and ethnic diversity. Science textbooks usually downplay human influences (Clough & Olson, 2004) whether as part of the nature of science with its historical development or its interaction with societies of diverse cultures. Minority students are underperforming in science and science is divided on ethnic, linguistic, and gender identity (Brown, 2005). Greater representations of diversity in curriculum materials enable minority students to identify with science (Nines, 2000). Textbooks, with their influence on curriculum and presentation, must include links for science and students of diverse cultures. What is the balance of the four aspects of the nature of science and what is the balance of ethnic diversity in the participants in science (students and scientists) in physical science textbooks? To establish an answer to these questions, this investigation used content analysis. For the balance of the four aspects of the nature of science, the analysis was conducted on random page samples of five physical science textbooks. A random sampling of the pages within the physical science textbooks should be sufficient to represent the content of the textbooks (Garcia, 1985). For the balance of ethnic diversity of the participants in science, the analysis was conducted on all pictures or drawings of students and scientists within the content of the five textbooks. One of these IPC books is under current use in a large, local school district and the other four were published during the same, or similar, year. Coding procedures for the sample used two sets of coders. One set of coders have previously analyzed for the nature of science in a study on middle school science textbooks (Phillips, 2006) and the coders for ethnic diversity are public school teachers who have worked with ethnically diverse students for over ten years. Both sets of coders were trained and the reliability of their coding checked before coding the five textbooks. To check for inter-coder reliability, percent agreement, Cohen's kappa and Krippendorff's alpha were calculated. The results from this study indicate that science as a body of knowledge and science as a way of investigating are the prevalent themes of the nature of science in the five physical science textbooks. This investigation also found that there is an imbalance in the ethnic diversity of students and scientists portrayed within the chapters of the physical science textbooks studied. This imbalance reflects ratios that are neither equally balanced nor in align with the U.S. Census. Given that textbooks are the main sources of information in most classrooms, the imbalance of the nature of science could provide the students, and the teachers, with an

Brooks, Kristine M.

430

A Comparison of Student Performance in Multiple-Choice and Long Essay Questions in the MBBS Stage I Physiology Examination at the University of the West Indies (Mona Campus)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This retrospective study compared the performance of preclinical medical students in the multiple-choice question (MCQ) and long essay question components of a comprehensive physiology final examination. During the 3 yr analyzed, 307 students had an average score of 47% (SD 9.9) in the long essay questions and 64% (SD 9.9) in the MCQs. Regression…

Pepple, Dagogo J.; Young, Lauriann E.; Carroll, Robert G.

2010-01-01

431

Using spatial principles to optimize distributed computing for enabling the physical science discoveries  

PubMed Central

Contemporary physical science studies rely on the effective analyses of geographically dispersed spatial data and simulations of physical phenomena. Single computers and generic high-end computing are not sufficient to process the data for complex physical science analysis and simulations, which can be successfully supported only through distributed computing, best optimized through the application of spatial principles. Spatial computing, the computing aspect of a spatial cyberinfrastructure, refers to a computing paradigm that utilizes spatial principles to optimize distributed computers to catalyze advancements in the physical sciences. Spatial principles govern the interactions between scientific parameters across space and time by providing the spatial connections and constraints to drive the progression of the phenomena. Therefore, spatial computing studies could better position us to leverage spatial principles in simulating physical phenomena and, by extension, advance the physical sciences. Using geospatial science as an example, this paper illustrates through three research examples how spatial computing could (i) enable data intensive science with efficient data/services search, access, and utilization, (ii) facilitate physical science studies with enabling high-performance computing capabilities, and (iii) empower scientists with multidimensional visualization tools to understand observations and simulations. The research examples demonstrate that spatial computing is of critical importance to design computing methods to catalyze physical science studies with better data access, phenomena simulation, and analytical visualization. We envision that spatial computing will become a core technology that drives fundamental physical science advancements in the 21st century. PMID:21444779

Yang, Chaowei; Wu, Huayi; Huang, Qunying; Li, Zhenlong; Li, Jing

2011-01-01

432

Physical and Chemical Sciences Center - research briefs. Volume 1-96  

SciTech Connect

This report provides brief summaries of research performed in chemical and physical sciences at Sandia National Laboratories. Programs are described in the areas of advanced materials and technology, applied physics and chemistry, lasers, optics, and vision, and resources and capabilities.

Mattern, P.L.

1994-12-31

433

Science off the Sphere: Thin Film Physics - Duration: 5:13.  

NASA Video Gallery

International Space Station Expedition 30 astronaut Don Pettit demonstrates physics in space for 'Science off the Sphere.' Through a partnership between NASA and the American Physical Society you c...

434

Project Physics Tests 6, The Nucleus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Test items relating to Project Physics Unit 6 are presented in this booklet. Included are 70 multiple-choice and 24 problem-and-essay questions. Nuclear physics fundamentals are examined with respect to the shell model, isotopes, neutrons, protons, nuclides, charge-to-mass ratios, alpha particles, Becquerel's discovery, gamma rays, cyclotrons,…

Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Harvard Project Physics.

435

Science self-efficacy of African Americans enrolled in freshman level physical science courses in two historically black institutions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science education must be a priority for citizens to function and be productive in a global, technological society. African Americans receive fewer science degrees in proportion to the Caucasian population. The primary purposes of this study were to determine the difference between the pretest and posttest science self-efficacy scores of African-American nonscience majors, the difference between the pretest and posttest science self-efficacy scores of African-American science majors, the relationship between science self-efficacy and course grade, the relationship between gender and science self-efficacy score, and the relationship between science self-efficacy score and course withdrawal. This study utilized a Likert survey instrument. All participants were enrolled in freshman level courses in the physical sciences at a historically black institution: a college or university. Participants completed the pretest survey within two weeks after the 12th class day of the semester. Initially, 458 participants completed the pretest survey. The posttest was administered within two weeks before the final exam. Only 245 participants completed the posttest survey. Results indicate that there is a difference in science self-efficacy of science majors and nonscience majors. There was no significant difference between the pretest and posttest science self-efficacy scores of African-American science majors and nonscience majors. There was no significant relationship between science self-efficacy and course grade, gender and science self-efficacy score, and course withdrawal and science self-efficacy score.

Prihoda, Belinda Ann

2011-12-01

436

Final report on the Assessment of Physical Sciences and Engineering Advances in Life Sciences and Oncology (APHELION) in Europe and Asia | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

The second phase of APHELION was initiated in June 2013 with visits to laboratories in Asia working at the interface of physics and biomedical sciences. These visits involved sites in Singapore, China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Japan. A third phase of the project included visits from a subset of the committee to laboratories in England and Scotland in October 2013. Reports on the activities at sites visited in Asia and the United Kingdom are in Appendices C and D, respectively.

437

The Nobel Prize in the Physics Class: Science, History, and Glamour  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper introduces a novel strategy for teaching physics: using the Nobel Physics Prize as an organizational theme for high school or even first year university physics, bringing together history, social contexts of science, and central themes in modern physics. The idea underlying the strategy is that the glamour and glitter of the Nobel Prize…

Eshach, Haim

2009-01-01

438

West Virginia University 1 College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences  

E-print Network

in physical education with teaching certification are generally employed as elementary or secondary health and · Bachelor of Science in Physical Education Nature of Program Students in physical education, athletic/or physical education teachers and athletic coaches. Graduates in sport and exercise psychology and sport

Mohaghegh, Shahab

439

Bachelor of Science, Physics, Secondary Education Emphasis, 2013-2014 Name ID# Date  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Science, Physics, Secondary Education Emphasis, 2013-2014 Name ID# Date General Degree Advanced Physics Lab 3 FF PHYS 499 Physics Seminar 1 Secondary Education Emphasis STEM-ED 101 Step 1 and Ethical Foundations 3 DLM MATH 170 Calculus I 4 DLN PHYS 211, 211L Physics I with Calculus & Lab 5 DLN

Barrash, Warren

440

Bachelor of Science, Physics, Secondary Education Emphasis, 2014-2015 Name ID# Date  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Science, Physics, Secondary Education Emphasis, 2014-2015 Name ID# Date General Degree Advanced Physics Lab 3 FF PHYS 499 Physics Seminar 1 Secondary Education Emphasis STEM-ED 101 Step 1 and Ethical Foundations 3 DLM MATH 170 Calculus I 4 DLN PHYS 211, 211L Physics I with Calculus & Lab 5 DLN

Barrash, Warren

441

New Capability for Nuclear Physics and HED Sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NIF is within a year from completion and conducting experiments in inertial confinement fusion (ICF), stockpile stewardship, high energy density (HED) science and nuclear physics. NIF's 192 beams will produce 1.8 MJ at 351 nm, 60 times more than the largest previous lasers. NIF will attempt to demonstrate ICF, by which more fusion energy is released from its ^2H-^3H target than the NIF laser uses to compress and heat it. NIF's three missions will study matter at extreme conditions: temperatures up to 10^8K, densities to 1000 g cm-3, and pressures to 10^16 Pascals. In fusion events, NIF will produce a neutron density up to 10^21 cm-3. These conditions occur only in the interiors of stars, in thermonuclear burn, and in supernovae that signal the end of massive stars' lives. NIF's experiments will study the parameter space of ICF as well as experiments in several HED science subfields. NIF facility time and resources will be allocated via a peer review process to be overseen by the NIF user office. This work performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344.

Goldstein, William H.

2008-10-01

442

Challenges in astrophysics (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 25 January 2012)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On 25 January 2012, the scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), entitled as "Challenges in astrophysics", was held at the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS.The following reports were put on the session agenda posted on the website www.gpad.ac.ru of the RAS Physical Sciences Division: (1) Stepanov A V (Central (Pulkovo) Astronomical Observatory, RAS, St. Petersburg) "Coronal seismology";2) Yakovlev D G (Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, St. Petersburg St. Petersburg State Polytechnical University, St. Petersburg) "Superfluid neutron stars".The papers written on the base of the oral reports are published below. • Coronal seismology, A V Stepanov, V V Zaitsev, V M Nakariakov Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 9, Pages 929-935 • Superfluid neutron stars, P S Shternin, D G Yakovlev Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 9, Pages 935-941

2012-09-01

443

Physics 4C Practice Mid-Term Exam #2 Instructions: Read the problems carefully and give the best answer. The multiple-choice questions on  

E-print Network

camera has a circular aperture (which is a diameter, not a radius) of D = 2.5 meters. (i) (10 points, diffraction imposes an absolute limit on the camera's image resolution, or in other words, the smallest detail

Ringwald, Frederick A.

444

Physics at the Large Hadron Collider. Higgs boson (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 26 February 2014)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) "Physics at the Large Hadron Collider. Higgs boson" was held in the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, on 26 February 2014. The agenda of the session, announced on the website http://www.gpad.ac.ru of the Physical Sciences Division, RAS, listed the following reports: (1) Boos E E (Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow) "Standard Model and predictions for the Higgs boson"; (2) Zaytsev A M (National Research Center Kurchatov Institute, Moscow) "ATLAS experiment. The Higgs boson and the Standard Model"; (3) Lanyov A V (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Moscow region) "CMS collaboration results: Higgs boson and search for new physics"; (4) Kazakov D I (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Moscow region) "The Higgs boson has been found: what is next?" Papers written on the basis of oral reports 1, 3, and 4 are published below. An extensive review of the topic in item 2 will be published in an upcoming issue of Physics–Uspekhi. • Standard Model and predictions for the Higgs boson, E E Boos Physics-Uspekhi, 2014, Volume 57, Number 9, Pages 912–923 • CMS collaboration results: Higgs boson and search for new physics, A V Lanyov Physics-Uspekhi, 2014, Volume 57, Number 9, Pages 923–930 • The Higgs boson is found: what is next?, D I Kazakov Physics-Uspekhi, 2014, Volume 57, Number 9, Pages 930–942

2014-09-01

445

The cultural production of science in reform-based physics: Girls' access, participation, and resistance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent literature in science education suggests that, to transform girls' participation, learning, and identities within school science, we must think about ways to engage girls in different kinds of educational activities that promote broader meanings of science and scientist. This study was designed to examine more deeply this call for a changed science curriculum and its implications for girls' participation, interest, and emerging science identities. In this ethnographic study, I examine the culturally produced meanings of science and scientist in a reform-based physics classroom that used a curriculum called Active Physics, how these meanings reproduced and contested larger sociohistorical (and prototypical) meanings of science and scientist, and the ways girls participated within and against these meanings. The girls in this upper middle class school were mostly concerned with accessing and maintaining a good student identity (rather than connecting to science in any meaningful way) and resisted promoted meanings of science and scientist that they perceived as threatening to their good student identities. Their embrace of the ways school defined success (via grades and college admission) produced a meaning of Active Physics as a way to get credentials on a transcript and ensured their disconnection from real-world, meaningful science and science identities. The story of girls' participation and resistance in Active Physics complicates our quest for gender-fair science and highlights the power of sociohistorical meanings of schooling and science in producing educational subjects.

Carlone, Heidi B.

2004-04-01

446

A Science Summer Camp as an Effective Way to Recruit High School Students to Major in the Physical Sciences and Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Now in its fifth year, PR[superscript 2]EPS is a National Science Foundation funded initiative designed to recruit high school students to attend college majoring in the physical sciences, including engineering and secondary science education, and to help ensure their retention within these programs until graduation. A central feature of the…

Bischoff, Paul J.; Castendyk, Devin; Gallagher, Hugh; Schaumloffel, John; Labroo, Sunil

2008-01-01

447

The material co-construction of hard science fiction and physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article explores the relationship between hard science fiction and physics and a gendered culture of science. Empirical studies indicate that science fiction references might spur some students' interest in physics and help develop this interest throughout school, into a university education and even further later inspire the practice of doing science. There are many kinds of fiction within the science fiction genre. In the presented empirical exploration physics students seem particularly fond of what is called `hard science fiction': a particular type of science fiction dealing with technological developments (Hartwell and Cramer in The hard SF renaissance, Orb/TOR, New York, 2002). Especially hard science fiction as a motivating fantasy may, however, also come with a gender bias. The locally materialized techno-fantasies spurring dreams of the terraforming of planets like Mars and travels in time and space may not be shared by all physics students. Especially female students express a need for other concerns in science. The entanglement of physics with hard science fiction may thus help develop some students' interest in learning school physics and help create an interest for studying physics at university level. But research indicates that especially female students are not captured by the hard techno-fantasies to the same extent as some of their male colleagues. Other visions (e.g. inspired by soft science fiction) are not materialized as a resource in the local educational culture. It calls for an argument of how teaching science is also teaching cultural values, ethics and concerns, which may be gendered. Teaching materials, like the use of hard science fiction in education, may not just be (yet another) gender bias in science education but also carrier of particular visions for scientific endeavours.

Hasse, Cathrine

2014-02-01

448

Medical Engineering & Physics 33 (2011) 840848 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect  

E-print Network

Medical Engineering & Physics 33 (2011) 840­848 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Medical and Design, Brunel University, Uxbridge, UK c Medical Physics Group, Department of Cardiovascular Science-scale Microcirculation Endothelium Wall shear stress Glycocalyx a b s t r a c t We discuss, from the perspective of basic

Pontrelli, Giuseppe

449

CVT/GPL phase 2 integrated testing. [in earth observations, space physics, and material sciences  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Experiments representing earth observations, space physics, and material sciences disciplines were installed in the General Purpose Laboratory (GPL). The experiments and the GPL are described. The experiments interfaces the GPL and GPL support systems are assessed. The experiments were cloud physics, ionospheric disturbances, material sciences, high energy astronomy, and superfluid helium.

Shurney, R. E.; Maybee, G.; Schmitt, S.

1974-01-01

450

What Attracts High-Achieving Socioeconomically Disadvantaged Students to the Physical Sciences and Engineering?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Socioeconomically disadvantaged (SED) students are less likely to major in physical sciences or engineering. To guide recruitment and retention of a diversity of talent, this study examined what attracts high-achieving SED students to these fields. Participants were 50 undergraduates majoring in physical sciences or engineering enrolled in the…

Conrad, Sarah; Canetto, Silvia Sara; MacPhee, David; Farro, Samantha

2009-01-01

451

Foundations for Complex Systems Research in the Physical Sciences and Engineering  

E-print Network

Foundations for Complex Systems Research in the Physical Sciences and Engineering Report from, Northwestern University, Co-Chair #12;Foundations for Complex Systems Research in the Physical Sciences for the organization and understanding of complex systems. The impetus to study complex systems is driven both

Dobson, Ian

452

Science Centric | Sunday, 3 February 2008 Topics --Physics | Chemistry | Geology and palaeontology | Biology | Environment | Astronomy | Health  

E-print Network

Science Centric | Sunday, 3 February 2008 Topics -- Physics | Chemistry | Geology and palaeontology.5M for autism and dyslexia research UW paper in Science shows how some solids mimic liquids galaxies can grow fat black boles Physics and guitars collide to make a big bang in schools Hubble finds

Rogers, John A.

453

Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science (MPEES): Accomplishments and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This year marks the 10th year of publication for "Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science" (MPEES). As we are forging into future, it would be very helpful to evaluate the role MPEES has played in the evolution of the research in physical education and exercise science. In this issue, the authors address the challenges that MPEES…

Liu, Yuanlong

2007-01-01

454

USF Geography in the United Kingdom 2013 Environmental Science and Physical Geography in the United Kingdom  

E-print Network

USF Geography in the United Kingdom 2013 Environmental Science and Physical Geography in the United or EVR 6936 USF Education Abroad Environmental Science and Physical Geography in the United Kingdom Kingdom Summer/June 2013 Students will visit field locations in England and Wales where they will develop

Arslan, Hüseyin

455

Space Life and Physical Sciences and Applications Research for Human Exploration  

E-print Network

Space Life and Physical Sciences and Applications ­ Research for Human Exploration Brad Carpenter, Acting Director Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate Space Life and Physical Sciences are common to Exploration and Research · Research is Exploration with structure · Human Exploration of Space

Waliser, Duane E.

456

Host range of the emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire) (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) in North America: results of multiple-choice field experiments.  

PubMed

Emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire) (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), an invasive phloem-feeding pest, was identified as the cause of widespread ash (Fraxinus) mortality in southeast Michigan and Windsor, Ontario, Canada, in 2002. A. planipennis reportedly colonizes other genera in its native range in Asia, including Ulmus L., Juglans L., and Pterocarya Kunth. Attacks on nonash species have not been observed in North America to date, but there is concern that other genera could be colonized. From 2003 to 2005, we assessed adult A. planipennis landing rates, oviposition, and larval development on North American ash species and congeners of its reported hosts in Asia in multiple-choice field studies conducted at several southeast Michigan sites. Nonash species evaluated included American elm (U. americana L.), hackberry (Celtis occidentalis L.), black walnut (J. nigra L.), shagbark hickory [Carya ovata (Mill.) K.Koch], and Japanese tree lilac (Syringa reticulata Bl.). In studies with freshly cut logs, adult beetles occasionally landed on nonash logs but generally laid fewer eggs than on ash logs. Larvae fed and developed normally on ash logs, which were often heavily infested. No larvae were able to survive, grow, or develop on any nonash logs, although failed first-instar galleries occurred on some walnut logs. High densities of larvae developed on live green ash and white ash nursery trees, but there was no evidence of larval survival or development on Japanese tree lilac and black walnut trees in the same plantation. We felled, debarked, and intensively examined >28 m2 of phloem area on nine American elm trees growing in contact with or adjacent to heavily infested ash trees. We found no sign of A. planipennis feeding on any elm. PMID:18348815

Anulewicz, Andrea C; McCullough, Deborah G; Cappaert, David L; Poland, Therese M

2008-02-01

457

COMPASS, the COMmunity petascale project for accelerator science and simulation, a broad computational accelerator physics initiative  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accelerators are the largest and most costly scientific instruments of the Department of Energy, with uses across a broad range of science, including colliders for particle physics and nuclear science and light sources and neutron sources for materials studies. COMPASS, the Community Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation, is a broad, four-office (HEP, NP, BES, ASCR) effort to develop

J. R. Cary; P. Spentzouris; J. Amundson; L. McInnes; M. Borland; B. Mustapha; B. Norris; P. Ostroumov; Y. Wang; W. Fischer; A. Fedotov; I. Ben-Zvi; R. Ryne; E. Esarey; C. Geddes; J. Qiang; E. Ng; S. Li; C. Ng; R. Lee; L. Merminga; H. Wang; D. L. Bruhwiler; D. Dechow; P. Mullowney; P. Messmer; C. Nieter; S. Ovtchinnikov; K. Paul; P. Stoltz; D. Wade-Stein; W. B. Mori; V. Decyk; C. K. Huang; W. Lu; M. Tzoufras; F. Tsung; M. Zhou; G. R. Werner; T. Antonsen; T. Katsouleas

2007-01-01

458

The Status of Physics 12 in BC: Reflections from UBC Science Teacher Candidates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of attempts to find out why few high school science students take Physics 12, this case study sought University of British Columbia (UBC) science teacher educators' perspectives on the topic. A survey method employing questionnaires and interviews as part of the study was used to elicit science teacher candidates' perspectives. Forty-five…

Nashon, Samson Madera

459

NATURE PHYSICS | VOL 10 | JULY 2014 | www.nature.com/naturephysics 465 Science diplomacy in Iran  

E-print Network

NATURE PHYSICS | VOL 10 | JULY 2014 | www.nature.com/naturephysics 465 commentary Science diplomacy this problem through science diplomacy. A fter the Iranian Revolution of 1979 when the Shah's government successively further behind. The purpose of our visit was science diplomacy: to meet people on their turf

Loss, Daniel

460

Annual Report of the Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report highlights and presents examples of the Commission on Physical Science, Mathematics, and Resources' (CPSMR) recent activities and future plans. Selected programs and activities from the 224 boards and committees that operate within CPSMR are reviewed. These range from studies of basic science to examinations of applied science and…

National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources.

461

For students starting in Fall 2014 BSc Science Teaching Major -Physics Concentration and Secondary Education  

E-print Network

For students starting in Fall 2014 BSc Science Teaching Major - Physics Concentration and Secondary Education Major Science Teaching - Courses Major in Secondary Education - Courses Practicum Requirements PHY 101 - Statistical Methods in Experimental Science 3 EDU 102 ­ Philosophy of Education OR EDU 103

462

Sex, Class, and Physical Science Educational Attainment: Portions due to Achievement Versus Recruitment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nationally representative data from the National Education Longitudinal Study are used to investigate why males (rather than females) and children of parents with advanced degrees (rather than those from less-educated parents) are more highly represented among physical science bachelor's degrees and graduate students. Parental education is measured by three categories: neither parent has a bachelor's degree, at least one parent has a bachelor's degree, or at least one parent has a degree beyond the bachelor's. Physical science is defined as students majoring in physics, engineering, mathematics, or computer science. The effects of mathematics achievement and effects not accounted for by mathematics achievement (what the authors call "recruitment" effects) are isolated for parental education categories and for sex, allowing inequality in physical science degree attainment to be decomposed into portions due to achievement and portions due to recruitment. Additionally, the results from logistic regressions predicting the attainment of a bachelor's degree in physical science as well as the pursuit of a graduate degree in physical science are presented. It is found that for parental education categories, the gaps in physical science educational attainment are nearly entirely accounted for by differences in mathematics achievement, suggesting that if achievement could be equalized, physical science educational attainment differences among parental education categories would disappear. However, the sex gap in physical science educational attainment operates almost entirely independent of achievement effects, suggesting that if the mathematics achievement distributions of males and females were identical, the sex gap in physical science educational attainment would be unchanged from what it is today.

Simon, Richard M.; Farkas, George

463

Physics, Computer Science and Mathematics Division. Annual report, January 1-December 31, 1980  

SciTech Connect

Research in the physics, computer science, and mathematics division is described for the year 1980. While the division's major effort remains in high energy particle physics, there is a continually growing program in computer science and applied mathematics. Experimental programs are reported in e/sup +/e/sup -/ annihilation, muon and neutrino reactions at FNAL, search for effects of a right-handed gauge boson, limits on neutrino oscillations from muon-decay neutrinos, strong interaction experiments at FNAL, strong interaction experiments at BNL, particle data center, Barrelet moment analysis of ..pi..N scattering data, astrophysics and astronomy, earth sciences, and instrument development and engineering for high energy physics. In theoretical physics research, studies included particle physics and accelerator physics. Computer science and mathematics research included analytical and numerical methods, information analysis techniques, advanced computer concepts, and environmental and epidemiological studies. (GHT)

Birge, R.W.

1981-12-01

464

PREFACE: International Symposium on Physical Sciences in Space  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ISPS is the major international scientific forum for researchers in physics utilizing the space environment, in particular microgravity. It is intended to inspire and encourage cross-cutting discussions between different scientific communities working in the same environment. Contributions discussing results of experiments carried out on drop towers, parabolic aircraft flights, sounding rockets, unmanned recoverable capsules and, last but not least, the International Space Station ISS, are the backbone of this conference series, complemented by preparatory ground-based work, both experimentally and theoretically. The first International Symposium on Physical Sciences in Space (ISPS) sponsored by the International Microgravity Strategic Planning Group (IMSPG) took place in 2000 in Sorrento, Italy. IMSPG seeks to coordinate the planning of space for research in physical sciences by space agencies worldwide. AEB (Brazil), ASI (Italy), CNES (France), CSA (Canada), DLR (Germany), ESA (Europe), JAXA (Japan), NASA (USA), NSAU (Ukraine) and RSA (Russia) are members, and CNSA (China) and ISRO (India) are also invited to join IMSPG meetings. ISPS-4 was the fourth symposium in that series, following ISPS-2 organized by CSA in 2004 in Toronto, Canada, and ISPS-3 organized in 2007 by JAXA in Nara, Japan. ISPS-4 was jointly organized by ESA and DLR on behalf of the IMSPG and was held in Bonn from 11-15 July 2011. 230 participants from 17 different countries attended ISPS-4. Recent microgravity experiments were presented, analysed, and set in context to results from Earth bound experiments in 16 plenary and 68 topical talks. Lively discussions continued during two dedicated poster sessions and at the exhibition booths of space industry and research centers with new flight hardware on display. The oral presentations at ISPS4 were selected exclusively on the basis of scientific merit, as evidenced through the submitted abstracts. The selection was performed by the International Scientific Program Committee. It is our pleasure to thank the members of this committee for their excellent support in setting up a high-quality, well-balanced program. We also thank our sponsors, the German Aerospace Center and the European Space Agency, the Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Technologie (German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology), the ZARM Center of Applied Space Technology and Microgravity as well as our industrial sponsors EADS-Astrium and Kayser-Threde, for their generous contributions. Our special thanks go to the authors and reviewers of the papers in these proceedings. Together we were able to realize up-to-date, peer reviewed conference proceedings, containing new and original data. Thanks to their efforts and that of the IOP Publishing staff, we succeeded in publishing the proceedings within six months of the conference. We are confident that this collection of papers will provide a useful reference for all workers in the field. Andreas Meyer and Ivan Egry Chairmen ISPS-4 Institute of Materials Physics in Space German Aerospace Center, Cologne Conference photograph Opening ceremony Professor Dr Andreas Meyer, Chairman ISPS 4, Professor Dr Johann-Dietrich Wörner, CEO DLR, and Dr Martin Zell, Head of ESA ISS Utilisation (left to right), at the opening ceremony of ISPS-4.

Meyer, Andreas; Egry, Ivan

2011-12-01

465

A little something from physics for medicine (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 23 April 2014)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), entitled "A little something from physics for medicine", was held on 23 April 2014 at the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS. The agenda posted on the website of the Physical Sciences Division, RAS, http://www.gpad.ac.ru, included the following reports: (1) Rumyantsev S A (D Rogachev Federal Research and Clinical Center of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology, and Immunology, Moscow) "Translational medicine as a basis of progress in hematology/oncology"; (2) Akulinichev S V (Institute for Nuclear Research, RAS, Moscow) "Promising nuclear medicine research at the INR, RAS"; (3) Nikitin P P (Prokhorov General Physics Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Biosensorics: new possibilities provided by marker-free optical methods and magnetic nanoparticles for medical diagnostics"; (4) Alimpiev S S, Nikiforov S M, Grechnikov A A (Prokhorov General Physics Institute, RAS, Moscow) "New approaches in laser mass-spectrometry of organic objects". The publication of the article based on the oral report No. 2 is presented below. • Promising nuclear medicine research in the Institute for Nuclear Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, V V Akulinichev Physics-Uspekhi, 2014, Volume 57, Number 12, Pages 1239–1243

2014-12-01

466

Factors that affect the physical science career interest of female students: Testing five common hypotheses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There are many hypotheses regarding factors that may encourage female students to pursue careers in the physical sciences. Using multivariate matching methods on national data drawn from the Persistence Research in Science and Engineering (PRiSE) project (n=7505), we test the following five commonly held beliefs regarding what factors might impact females’ physical science career interest: (i) having a single-sex physics class, (ii) having a female physics teacher, (iii) having female scientist guest speakers in physics class, (iv) discussing the work of female scientists in physics class, and (v) discussing the underrepresentation of women in physics class. The effect of these experiences on physical science career interest is compared for female students who are matched on several factors, including prior science interests, prior mathematics interests, grades in science, grades in mathematics, and years of enrollment in high school physics. No significant effects are found for single-sex classes, female teachers, female scientist guest speakers, and discussing the work of female scientists. However, discussions about women’s underrepresentation have a significant positive effect.

Hazari, Zahra; Potvin, Geoff; Lock, Robynne M.; Lung, Florin; Sonnert, Gerhard; Sadler, Philip M.

2013-12-01

467

Computer-simulated laboratory explorations for middle school life, earth, and physical Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Explorations in Middle School Science is a set of 72 computer-simulated laboratory lessons in life, earth, and physical Science for grades 6 9 developed by Jostens Learning Corporation with grants from the California State Department of Education and the National Science Foundation.3 At the heart of each lesson is a computer-simulated laboratory that actively involves students in doing science improving

Ruth von Blum

1992-01-01

468

Computer-simulated laboratory explorations for middle school life, earth, and physical Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Explorations in Middle School Science is a set of 72 computer-simulated laboratory lessons in life, earth, and physical Science for grades 6–9 developed by Jostens Learning Corporation with grants from the California State Department of Education and the National Science Foundation.3 At the heart of each lesson is a computer-simulated laboratory that actively involves students in doing science improving their:

Ruth Von Blum

1992-01-01

469

American Institute of Physics (AIP): Select Articles in the Chemical Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Institute of Physics (AIP) Chemical Sciences Website maintains this series of select, online articles in the Chemical Sciences. Featured articles represent current cutting-edge research in physical, analytical, biophysical, materials, and surface chemistry. At present, 21 articles are available, covering "Pulse-stacked cavity ring-down spectroscopy" and "Improved energy transfer in electrophosphorescent devices," among other topics. Online articles are selected from five peer-reviewed journals: The Journal of Chemical Physics, Journal of Applied Physics, Applied Physics Letters, Review of Scientific Instruments, and Chaos. All articles are available in .pdf format only and may be downloaded for browsing or printing.

470

PROFICIOUNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND SCHOOL OF MEDICINE DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL THERAPY & REHABILITATION SCIENCE  

E-print Network

PROFICIOUNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND SCHOOL OF MEDICINE DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL THERAPY & REHABILITATION SCIENCE FALL 2012 Helping, Advancing, Making Progress in Physical Therapy A New Age in Research #12;Proficio is a publication of the University of Maryland School of Medicine's Department of Physical Therapy

Weber, David J.

471

Experts' Views on Using History and Philosophy of Science in the Practice of Physics Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the views of a representative sample of experts in physics, physics education, and history and philosophy of science (HPS) on the incorporation of HPS-based materials in physics instruction. Reports on three areas: (1) the rationale to include HPS; (2) the most appropriate ways of doing so; and (3) anticipated difficulties with such a new…

Galili, Igal; Hazan, Amnon

2001-01-01

472

The Department of Physics 108 Science Hall Box 19059 817-272-2266  

E-print Network

foundation in physics. When combined with the required education courses, the Bachelor of Arts program architecture, art, dance, music, or theatre arts. Social/Cultural Studies Three hours of designated coursesThe Department of Physics 108 Science Hall · Box 19059 · 817-272-2266 www.uta.edu/physics Academic

Texas at Arlington, University of

473

Bachelor of Science, K-12 Physical Education, 2012-2013 Name ID# Date  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Science, K-12 Physical Education, 2012-2013 Name ID# Date General Degree Requirements of Education DLS KINES 140 Personal Health 3 3 3 3 3 4 3-4 3 3-4 3 3 ED-CIFS 203* Child and Educational to Teaching Physical Education KINES 270, 271 Applied Anatomy and Lab KINES 301 Evaluation in Physical

Barrash, Warren

474

West Virginia University 1 College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences  

E-print Network

or secondary health and/or physical education teachers and athletic coaches. Graduates in sport and exercise · Bachelor of Science in Physical Education Nature of Program Students in athletic coaching education, athletic training, physical education teacher education, sport and exercise psychology, and sport

Mohaghegh, Shahab

475

Roadmap: School Health Education -Health and Physical Education -Bachelor of Science in Education  

E-print Network

Roadmap: School Health Education - Health and Physical Education - Bachelor of Science in Education 11570 Personal Health 3 C PEP 15010 Introduction to Physical Education, Fitness and Sport 3 C PEP Offered in spring only #12;Roadmap: School Health Education - Health and Physical Education - Bachelor

Sheridan, Scott

476

Roadmap: School Health Education -Health and Physical Education -Bachelor of Science in Education  

E-print Network

Roadmap: School Health Education - Health and Physical Education - Bachelor of Science in Education 11570 Personal Health 3 C PEP 15010 Introduction to Physical Education, Fitness and Sport 3 C PEP of Motor Skills 3 C Offered in spring only #12;Roadmap: School Health Education - Health and Physical

Sheridan, Scott

477

Bachelor of Science, Physics, Secondary Education, 2012-2013 Name ID# Date  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Science, Physics, Secondary Education, 2012-2013 Name ID# Date General Degree Secondary Education major may seek a single field endorsement in Physics (at least 45 credits) or combine, 211L Physics I with Calculus & Lab DLV Visual and Performing Arts DLL PHIL 101 Knowledge and Reality

Barrash, Warren

478

Development and evaluation of large-enrollment, active-learning physical science curriculum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on the initial field tests of Learning Physical Science (LEPS), a new curriculum adapted from Physical Science and Everyday Thinking (PSET). PSET is an inquiry-based, hands-on, physical science curriculum that includes an explicit focus on nature of science and nature of learning. PSET was developed for small enrollment discussion/lab settings. The Learning Physical Science (LEPS) curriculum maintains the same research-based learning principles as PSET but is suitable for classes taught in lecture format. LEPS has been field tested by eight instructors at different universities. In this paper, we describe the adaptation process, the resulting LEPS curriculum, and present student learning outcomes for LEPS and PSET.

Goldberg, Fred; Price, Edward; Harlow, Danielle; Robinson, Steve; Kruse, Rebecca; McKean, Michael

2010-10-01

479

The Nobel Prize in the Physics Class: Science, History, and Glamour  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper introduces a novel strategy for teaching physics: using the Nobel Physics Prize as an organizational theme for high school or even first year university physics, bringing together history, social contexts of science, and central themes in modern physics. The idea underlying the strategy is that the glamour and glitter of the Nobel Prize story may attract and motivate high school students to open-up to scientific topics and thus be spurred to pursue science. The two major arguments for the method are that if presented in story form Nobel Prizes naturally incorporate the philosophical and historical aspects of science and therefore enable teaching about science as well as teaching science itself; and that such instruction implements case-based teaching principles, which is how humans naturally think, learn, and remember. Finally, the paper presents the storycase of the Nobel Prize Einstein received for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect as a concrete illustration of classroom implementation.

Eshach, Haim

2009-10-01

480

PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES ACADEMIC PERSONNEL/PAYROLL UNIT ASSIGNMENTS  

E-print Network

Pat Gross Katie Arnold Leticia Medina EARTH & PLANETARY SCIENCES INSTITUTE OF GEOPHYSICS AND PLANETARYPHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES ACADEMIC PERSONNEL/PAYROLL UNIT ASSIGNMENTS Updated: 7 Arnold Deb Millward ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS UCO/LICK OBSERVATORY Kristin Mott Laura Brogan Leticia

California at Santa Cruz, University of

481

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

Bennett Mathematics Brian Stewart Bingham Chemistry Kevin P Black Computer Science Bryce Emerson Blackham-Astronomy Katherine Elizabeth Redd Biochemistry Preston T Redd Mathematics Kendall Ray Reese Computer Science Randall

Hart, Gus

482

Physics, construction, experience : an architecture environment for informal science education  

E-print Network

While contemporary informal science education facilities (to include science centers, natural history museums, aquariums and zoos) have dramatically evolved from the 17th century room of curiosity cabinets to the modern-day ...

Black, Benjamin

1996-01-01

483

College Students' Opinions of Engaging Approaches in a Physical Science Course  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Physical science courses have historically been taught from a variety of perspectives or emphases. In many cases, the instructor decides on the perspective and textbook for nonscience majors, so students rarely have a voice in the decision. This top-down approach and a potential gap between what instructors and students expect from a general education physical science course partly explain why students tend to see this course as boring and not applicable to their daily lives. In this study, college students weigh in on what emphasis might be more interesting and engaging in a physical science course for nonmajors.

Wilson Gonzalez-Espada

2009-05-01

484

Institute in Physical Science. A Category 1 Summer Inservice Program for Elementary and Secondary Teachers of Physical Science, Austin Metropolitan Community, Pharr-San Juan-Alamo ISD, and Region 1 Educational Service Center. Final Performance Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Institute in Physical Science was developed to address the need for updated information and training in physics, chemistry, and technology among elementary and secondary teachers of physical science. Four major objectives were addressed: (1) improve teachers' understanding of fundamental concepts in physics and chemistry; (2) improve fifth-…

Crawley, Frank E.

485

Factors that encourage females to pursue physical science careers: Testing five common hypotheses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There are many hypotheses regarding factors that may encourage female students to pursue careers in the physical sciences. Using Propensity Score Matching (PSM) on national data (n=7505) drawn from the Persistence Research in Science and Engineering (PRiSE) project, we test five commonly held beliefs including having a single-sex physics class, having a female physics teacher, having female scientist guest speakers in physics class, discussing the work of women scientists in physics class, and discussing the under-representation of women in physics class. The effect of these experiences is compared for female students who are matched on several factors, including parental education, prior science/math interests, and academic background, thereby controlling for the effect of many confounding variables.

Hazari, Zahra; Potvin, Geoff; Lock, Robynne M.; Lung, Florin; Sadler, Philip M.; Sonnert, Gerhard

2012-03-01

486

Project Physics Tests 4, Light and Electromagnetism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Test items relating to Project Physics Unit 4 are presented in this booklet. Included are 70 multiple-choice and 22 problem-and-essay questions. Concepts of light and electromagnetism are examined on charges, reflection, electrostatic forces, electric potential, speed of light, electromagnetic waves and radiations, Oersted's and Faraday's work,…

Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Harvard Project Physics.

487

From the history of physics (Scientific session of the General Meeting of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 17 December 2012)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A scientific session of the General Meeting of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) was held in the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS on 17 December 2012.The following reports were put on the session's agenda posted on the website http://www.gpad.ac.ru of the RAS Physical Sciences Division: (1) Dianov E M (Fiber Optics Research Center, RAS, Moscow) "On the threshold of a peta era"; (2) Zabrodskii A G (Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, RAS, St. Petersburg) "Scientists' contribution to the great victory in WWII using the example of the Leningrad (now A F Ioffe) Physical Technical Institute"; (3) Ilkaev R I (Russian Federal Nuclear Center --- All-Russian Research Institute of Experimental Physics, Sarov) "Major stages of the Soviet Atomic Project"; (4) Cherepashchuk A M (Sternberg State Astronomical Institute of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow) "History of the Astronomy history ". Papers written on the basis of the reports are published below. • On the Threshold of Peta-era, E M Dianov Physics-Uspekhi, 2013, Volume 56, Number 5, Pages 486-492 • Scientists' contribution to the Great Victory in WWII on the example of the Leningrad (now A F Ioffe) Physical Technical Institute, A G Zabrodskii Physics-Uspekhi, 2013, Volume 56, Number 5, Pages 493-502 • Major stages of the Atomic Project, R I Ilkaev Physics-Uspekhi, 2013, Volume 56, Number 5, Pages 502-509 • History of the Universe History, A M Cherepashchuk Physics-Uspekhi, 2013, Volume 56, Number 5, Pages 509-530

2013-05-01

488

The Nobel Prize in the Physics Class: Science, History, and Glamour  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces a novel strategy for teaching physics: using the Nobel Physics Prize as an organizational theme for\\u000a high school or even first year university physics, bringing together history, social contexts of science, and central themes\\u000a in modern physics. The idea underlying the strategy is that the glamour and glitter of the Nobel Prize story may attract and\\u000a motivate

Haim Eshach

2009-01-01

489

Longitudinal effects of college type and selectivity on degrees conferred upon undergraduate females in physical science, life science, math and computer science, and social science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There has been much research to suggest that a single-sex college experience for female undergraduate students can increase self-confidence and leadership ability during the college years and beyond. The results of previous studies also suggest that these students achieve in the workforce and enter graduate school at higher rates than their female peers graduating from coeducational institutions. However, some researchers have questioned these findings, suggesting that it is the selectivity level of the colleges rather than the comprised gender of the students that causes these differences. The purpose of this study was to justify the continuation of single-sex educational opportunities for females at the post-secondary level by examining the effects that college selectivity, college type, and time have on the rate of undergraduate females pursuing majors in non-traditional fields. The study examined the percentage of physical science, life science, math and computer science, and social science degrees conferred upon females graduating from women's colleges from 1985-2001, as compared to those at comparable coeducational colleges. Sampling for this study consisted of 42 liberal arts women's (n = 21) and coeducational (n = 21) colleges. Variables included the type of college, the selectivity level of the college, and the effect of time on the percentage of female graduates. Doubly multivariate repeated measures analysis of variance testing revealed significant main effects for college selectivity on social science graduates, and time on both life science and math and computer science graduates. Significant interaction was also found between the college type and time on social science graduates, as well as the college type, selectivity level, and time on math and computer science graduates. Implications of the results and suggestions for further research are discussed.

Stevens, Stacy Mckimm

490

An Evaluation of the Particle Physics Masterclass as a Context for Student Learning about the Nature of Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation addresses the research question: To what extent do secondary school science students attending the U.S. Particle Physics Masterclass change their view of the nature of science (NOS)? The U.S. Particle Physics Masterclass is a physics outreach program run by QuarkNet, a national organization of secondary school physics teachers…

Wadness, Michael J.

2010-01-01

491

Dean's List College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences  

E-print Network

and Biochemistry Hannah Katherine Noble Mathematics Brian Coombs Ostler Physics and Astronomy Kyle Jeffrey Prestwich Mathematics Adam Hogan Shumway Mathematics Michael George Stewart Chemistry and Biochemistry Angela Teuscher Statistics Joshua Weight Tingey Mathematics Jordan Alexander Wadsack-Stewart Physics

Hart, Gus

492

Language in Science Classrooms: An Analysis of Physics Teachers' Use of and Beliefs About Language  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The world over, secondary school science is viewed mainly as a practical subject. This may be one reason why effectiveness of teaching approaches in science education has often been judged on the kinds of practical activity with which teachers and students engage. In addition to practical work, language—often written (as in science texts) or oral (as in the form of teacher and student talk)—is unavoidable in effective teaching and learning of science. Generally however, the role of (instructional) language in quality of learning of school science has remained out of focus in science education research. This has been in spite of findings in empirical research on difficulties science students encounter with words of the instructional language used in science. The findings have suggested that use of (instructional) language in science texts and classrooms can be a major influence on the level of students' understandings and retention of science concepts. This article reports and discusses findings in an investigation of physics teachers' approaches to use of and their beliefs about classroom instructional language. Direct classroom observations of, interviews with, as well as content analyses of the participant teachers' verbatim classroom talk, were used as the methods of data collection. Evidence is presented of participant physics teachers' lack of explicit awareness of the difficulty, nature, and functional value of different categories of words in the instructional language. In conclusion, the implications of this lack of explicit awareness on the general education (initial and in-service) of school physics teachers are considered.

Oyoo, Samuel Ouma

2012-10-01

493

Physics, Computer Science and Mathematics Division. Annual report, 1 January-31 December 1979  

SciTech Connect

This annual report describes the research work carried out by the Physics, Computer Science and Mathematics Division during 1979. The major research effort of the Division remained High Energy Particle Physics with emphasis on preparing for experiments to be carried out at PEP. The largest effort in this field was for development and construction of the Time Projection Chamber, a powerful new particle detector. This work took a large fraction of the effort of the physics staff of the Division together with the equivalent of more than a hundred staff members in the Engineering Departments and shops. Research in the Computer Science and Mathematics Department of the Division (CSAM) has been rapidly expanding during the last few years. Cross fertilization of ideas and talents resulting from the diversity of effort in the Physics, Computer Science and Mathematics Division contributed to the software design for the Time Projection Chamber, made by the Computer Science and Applied Mathematics Department.

Lepore, J.V. (ed.)

1980-09-01

494

Fostering Preservice Teachers' "Nature of Science" Understandings in a Physics Course  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this paper, the authors examine an algebra-based physics course designed for preservice teachers and explore how the course integrated two pedagogical strategies to bridge the gap between inquiry-learning experiences and the teachers' nature of science

Ehsan Kattoula

2009-09-01

495

Star Trek Physics: Where Does the Science End and the Fiction Begin?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses the science fiction television show "Star Trek" as an instructional medium to teach physics concepts. Includes suggestions on how to motivate students through "Star Trek" episodes and the Internet. (YDS)

Radhe, Sue Ellen; Cole, Lynn

2002-01-01

496

Assessing the Life Science Knowledge of Students and Teachers Represented by the K-8 National Science Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We report on the development of an item test bank and associated instruments based on the National Research Council (NRC) K-8 life sciences content standards. Utilizing hundreds of studies in the science education research literature on student misconceptions, we constructed 476 unique multiple-choice items that measure the degree to which test…

Sadler, Philip M.; Coyle, Harold; Cook Smith, Nancy; Miller, Jaimie; Mintzes, Joel; Tanner, Kimberly; Murray, John

2013-01-01

497

Differences within: A comparative analysis of women in the physical sciences --- Motivation and background factors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education has become a critical focus in the United States due to economic concerns and public policy (National Academy of Sciences, 2007; U.S. Department of Education, 2006). Part of this focus has been an emphasis on encouraging and evaluating career choice and persistence factors among underrepresented groups such as females in the physical sciences (Hill et al., 2010; National Academy of Sciences, 2007). The majority of existing STEM research studies compare women to men, yet a paucity of research exists that examines what differentiates female career choice within the physical sciences. In light of these research trends and recommendations, this study examines the following questions: 1. On average, do females who select chemistry or physics doctoral programs differ in their reported personal motivations and background factors prior to entering the field? 2. Do such variables as racial and ethnic background, age, highest level of education completed by guardians/parents, citizenship status, family interest in science, first interest in general science, first interest in the physical sciences, average grades in high school and undergraduate studies in the physical sciences, and experiences in undergraduate physical science courses explain a significant amount of variance in female physical scientists' years to Ph.D. completion? These questions are analyzed using variables from the Project Crossover Survey dataset through a subset of female physical science doctoral students and scientists. Logistic regression analyses are performed to uncover what differentiates women in the physical sciences based on their background, interest, academic achievement, and experiences ranging prior to elementary school through postsecondary education. Significant variables that positively predict a career choice in chemistry or physics include content specific high school and undergraduate academic achievement and positive undergraduate experiences. Two multiple regression models, one composed of female chemists and one of female physicists, examine significant predictors that positively associated with time to doctoral degree completion. The models account for little differentiation in the outcome of time to doctoral completion. In addition, significant predictors are based on demographic and achievement factors that were not paralleled in the two multiple regressions.

Dabney, Katherine Patricia Traudel

498

Gender and Physics: Feminist Philosophy and Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physics education reform movements should pay attention to feminist analyses of gender in the culture of physics for two reasons. One reason is that feminist analyses contribute to an understanding of a "chilly climate" women encounter in many physics university departments. Another reason is that feminist analyses reveal that certain styles of…

Rolin, Kristina

2008-01-01

499

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL THERAPY AND HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCES  

E-print Network

of Medicine DOCTOR OF PHYSICAL THERAPY STUDENT HANDBOOK Clinical Education Section 2013-2014 645 NORTH MICHIGAN AVENUE - SUITE 1100 CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 60611 #12;#12;DOCTOR OF PHYSICAL THERAPY STUDENT HANDBOOK) 908-8160 August 2013 #12;ii The Doctor of Physical Therapy Student Handbook contains the rules

Chisholm, Rex L.

500

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL THERAPY AND HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCES  

E-print Network

of Medicine DOCTOR OF PHYSICAL THERAPY STUDENT HANDBOOK Clinical Education Section 2012-2013 645 NORTH MICHIGAN AVENUE - SUITE 1100 CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 60611 #12;i DOCTOR OF PHYSICAL THERAPY STUDENT HANDBOOK 2012-8160 August 2012 #12;ii The Doctor of Physical Therapy Student Handbook contains the rules, regulations

Contractor, Anis