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1

Coping Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A high school program is described that uses an informal survey to help teachers identify potential academic, social, and career oriented problems facing mainstreamed handicapped students. These problems and suggested intervention procedures are listed for study/coping skills of time management, memory systems, listening ability, compensatory…

D'Zamko, Mary Elizabeth; And Others

2

Coping Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This annotated bibliography lists approximately 150 braille books and 300 audiocassettes of books which address coping skills for people in a variety of situations. All items listed are available in the network library collections provided by the National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped of the Library of Congress.…

Library of Congress, Washington, DC. National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped.

3

Using a positive self-talk intervention to enhance coping skills in breast cancer survivors: lessons from a community-based group delivery model  

PubMed Central

Purpose Cancer survivorship is a distinct phase of the cancer continuum, and it can have myriad associated stresses and challenges. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a positive self-talk (pst) intervention in enhancing the coping skills and improving the psychological well-being of breast cancer survivors. Methods Participants (n = 38) were recruited from 5 support groups in a small eastern Canadian province. Support groups were randomly assigned to either a control (n = 18) or an intervention (n = 20) condition. Intervention participants were pre-tested, received a 2-hour pst in-person group workshop and a 10-minute “booster” session by telephone, and completed post-test questionnaires 1 month later. Results Intervention participants reviewed the workshop favourably. Nearly all participants used the intervention in everyday life, were able to accurately describe how pst works, and found that pst had a considerable impact on their ability to cope with cancer and related sequelae. However, the descriptive findings from the workshop evaluation did not translate into significant differences between the intervention and control groups on the psychometric measures. Conclusions The pst intervention, delivered in a community group model, was positively received and effective in teaching participants about pst and how pst can be used to enhance coping skills for breast cancer patients. However, the intervention did not promote significantly greater levels of change in anxiety, depression, mood disturbance, or coping ability for intervention participants. The unique challenges of community-level psychological intervention are explored.

Hamilton, R.; Miedema, B.; MacIntyre, L.; Easley, J.

2011-01-01

4

Positive cognitive coping strategies and binge eating in college women.  

PubMed

The current study explored whether specific cognitive coping strategies moderated the relation between global eating disorder symptomatology and binge eating frequency. Global eating disorder symptomatology and cognitive coping strategies (i.e., self-blame, acceptance, rumination, positive refocusing, refocus on planning, positive reappraisal, putting into perspective, catastrophizing, and other-blame) were evaluated in a sample of women who reported engaging in binge eating in the absence of compensatory behaviors (N=419). Moderation analyses indicated that most positive cognitive coping strategies were associated with reduced binge eating frequency; however, there was no such buffering effect among individuals who reported engaging in acceptance, or in negative coping strategies. These results suggest that focusing on specific positive cognitive coping skills might be an effective approach to decreasing binge eating frequency, although additional experimental research is needed. PMID:22664415

Kelly, Nichole R; Lydecker, Janet A; Mazzeo, Suzanne E

2012-03-30

5

Peer Attachment, Coping, and Self-Esteem in Institutionalized Adolescents: The Mediating Role of Social Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzes the contribution of peer attachment in predicting active coping and self-esteem in a sample of 109 institutionalized adolescents. It also explores the mediating role of social skills in the association between peer attachment, coping, and self-esteem. Structural equation modeling identified a model able to predict a positive

Mota, Catarina Pinheiro; Matos, Paula Mena

2013-01-01

6

Peer Attachment, Coping, and Self-Esteem in Institutionalized Adolescents: The Mediating Role of Social Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study analyzes the contribution of peer attachment in predicting active coping and self-esteem in a sample of 109 institutionalized adolescents. It also explores the mediating role of social skills in the association between peer attachment, coping, and self-esteem. Structural equation modeling identified a model able to predict a positive

Mota, Catarina Pinheiro; Matos, Paula Mena

2013-01-01

7

Stressors, coping, and coping effectiveness: Gender, type of sport, and skill differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to examine stressors, coping, and coping effectiveness as a function of gender, type of sport, and skill. The sample consisted of 749 undergraduate athletes (455 males, 294 females) aged 18 – 38 years (mean = 19.8 years). Skill was classified as international\\/national, county, university, and club standard. Participants completed a stressor and coping concept map (Novak & Gowin,

Adam R. Nicholls; Remco Polman; Andrew R. Levy; Jamie Taylor; Stephen Cobley

2007-01-01

8

Military Recruit Training: An Arena for Stress Coping Skills.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report characterizes the sequence of experiences involved in Marine Corps recruit training and describes a coping skills intervention aimed at aiding the adjustment of recruits to stress. The intervention, in the form of a videotape Making It, was sh...

R. W. Novaco T. M. Cook I. G. Sarason

1981-01-01

9

Stressors, coping, and coping effectiveness: gender, type of sport, and skill differences.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to examine stressors, coping, and coping effectiveness as a function of gender, type of sport, and skill. The sample consisted of 749 undergraduate athletes (455 males, 294 females) aged 18-38 years (mean= 19.8 years). Skill was classified as international/national, county, university, and club standard. Participants completed a stressor and coping concept map (Novak & Gowin, 1984). The results revealed gender, type of sport, and skill differences in relation to stressor frequencies, coping strategy deployment, and coping effectiveness. In contrast to previous research, females used a variety of problem-focused (e.g. planning, communication, technique-orientated coping) strategies more frequently than males. Team sport athletes reported a variety of sport-specific stressors relating to the demands of playing in a team environment. The group of national/international athletes reported using more planning, blocking, and visualization, and also reported that their coping was more effective than that of less-skilled athletes. PMID:17852669

Nicholls, Adam R; Polman, Remco; Levy, Andrew R; Taylor, Jamie; Cobley, Stephen

2007-11-01

10

Pilot Evaluation of the Coping Course: A Cognitive-Behavioral Intervention to Enhance Coping Skills in Incarcerated Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo describe the development and initial evaluation of the Coping Course, a cognitive-behavioral group intervention designed to enhance general coping and problem-solving skills among incarcerated youth.

Paul Rohde; Jenel S. Jorgensen; John R. Seeley; David E. Mace

2004-01-01

11

Developing Coping Skills in Early Childhood: Theory and Techniques.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses techniques that child care workers can utilize to foster the development of coping skills in young children. Emphasizes the difference between psychological immunity to stress based on problem-solving abilities and pseudo-immunity created by overprotectiveness. Holds that challenges build children's competence and self-esteem.…

Forquer, Sandra L.

1982-01-01

12

Broken Clubs and Expletives: The Sources of Stress and Coping Responses of Skilled and Moderately Skilled Golfers  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been a large growth of sport psychology stress\\/coping research in the last decade. However, skilled and moderately skilled golfers have not received much research attention. Therefore, the purposes of this qualitative, descriptive study were to assess the sources of stress and coping responses of skilled and moderately skilled golfers with regard to performance related stress. Semi-structured interviews were

PETER GIACOBBI; BRADY FOORE; ROBERT S. WEINBERG

2004-01-01

13

Training in Skills for Coping with Democracy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents experiences from projects aimed at training citizens (especially environmental leaders, local government officials, and mayors) in group decision processes, public participa tion procedures, conflict resolution, and mediation approaches. The general purpose of these activities has been to assist the development of democratic skills in citizens with decision-making power. Third- sector organizations (nongovernmental, nonprofit organizations) play a significant

Gabriel Bianchi

1997-01-01

14

Treatment Expectation for Pain Coping Skills Training: Relationship to Osteoarthritis Patients' Baseline Psychosocial Characteristics  

PubMed Central

Objectives This study examined predictors of treatment expectation among osteoarthritis (OA) patients in a multi-site clinical trial of pain coping strategies training (CST). Methods Patients (N=171) completed a pre-treatment assessment battery that asked questions about treatment expectations, pain coping variables, pain, physical function, psychological distress, quality of life, and depression as well as background demographic and medical variables. Results Regression analyses indicated that several variables accounted for 21% of the variance in treatment expectations (p < .0001). Patients who were classified as adaptive copers, reported higher self efficacy and social interaction, had higher quality of life, and who had lower levels of affective distress and depression had more positive expectations about engaging in pain coping skills training. Variables that were not associated with treatment expectation were level of pain and physical dysfunction, duration of disease, and disability status as well as demographic variables. Discussion Thus, while many OA patients will approach pain coping skills training with positive expectations, others have lower expectations. This study suggests that a multidimensional assessment of OA patients with chronic pain can identify those who have higher expectations versus lower expectations. The results suggest that patients who are psychologically distressed are less optimistic about engaging in treatment and that these patients, in particular, may benefit from and need pre-treatment motivational interviewing to enhance their uptake of pain coping skills

Broderick, Joan E.; Junghaenel, Doerte U.; Schneider, Stefan; Bruckenthal, Patricia; Keefe, Francis J.

2010-01-01

15

The effects of coping skills training among teens with asthma.  

PubMed

This pilot study used a pretest and posttest design to examine the effect of a school-based intervention, Coping Skills Training, among teens with asthma (N = 39) aged 14 to 18 years randomly assigned to treatment and control groups from three midwestern high schools. Variables included asthma self-efficacy, social support, asthma-related quality of life, peak expiratory flow rate, asthma diary symptoms, and rescue medication usage. The treatment group scored significantly higher on self-efficacy (p < .001), activity-related quality of life (p = .05), and social support (p < .001) compared with the control group after using ANCOVA to adjust for baseline scores. Significant improvements were also noted from pre- to posttest in the treatment group for self-efficacy (p < .001) and quality of life (p = .02). This study indicates that Coping Skills Training is an important intervention for further study with teens with asthma. PMID:21511980

Srof, Brenda J; Velsor-Friedrich, Barbara; Penckofer, Sue

2011-04-21

16

Pilot Evaluation of the Coping Course: A Cognitive-Behavioral Intervention to Enhance Coping Skills in Incarcerated Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To describe the development and initial evaluation of the Coping Course, a cognitive-behavioral group intervention designed to enhance general coping and problem-solving skills among incarcerated youth. Method: Between 2001 and 2002, 76 male adolescents incarcerated at a youth correctional facility were assessed by questionnaire and…

Rohde, Paul; Jorgensen, Jenel S.; Seeley, John R.; Mace, David E.

2004-01-01

17

Coping Skills Training: Attitude toward Mental Illness, Depression, and Quality of Life One Year Later.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents a follow-up assessment of 18 outpatient clients who participated one year earlier in a coping skills curriculum of progressive relaxation, anxiety management, assertiveness, and self-reinforcement. Results revealed that coping-skills subjects held attitudes about the etiology of psychological problems consistent with those modeled during…

Brown, Steven D.

1983-01-01

18

Coping of Judo Competitors in the Context of Gender, Age, Years of Practice and Skill Level  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to determine the extent to which gender, age, skill level, and years of practice, serves as predictors of coping styles in judo. Participants in the study consisted of 98 judo competitors (47 females and 51 males, aged 13-21 years). As a result of the Agglomerative Hierarchical Cluster Analysis four coping styles have been established for

Aleksandra Rogowska; Cezary Ku?nierz

2012-01-01

19

Coping skills training: Attitude toward mental illness, depression, and quality of life 1 year later  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents a follow-up assessment of 18 outpatient clients who had participated in the author's coping skills curriculum of progressive relaxation, anxiety management, assertiveness, and self-reinforcement. Focusing on 3 outcomes that were not targets of training but were hypothesized as potential generalized effects of the intervention, the study revealed that coping-skills Ss held attitudes about the etiology of psychological problems (Opinions

Steven Brown

1983-01-01

20

The Applicability of Single Subject Designs for Research on Coping Skills Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The suitability of single subject designs for research on coping skills training is discussed. Such training programs teach the individual an active skill for dealing with anxiety-provoking situations. Several research strategies are reviewed, with a discussion of their major assumptions and their potential for testing for generalized effects:…

Barrios, Billy A.

21

Cognitive-Behavioral Coping-Skills Therapy for Alcohol Dependence Current Status and Future Directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive-behavioral coping-skills training (CBST) is an alcoholism treatment approach aimed at improving the patients' cognitive and behavioral skills for changing their drinking behavior. CBST encompasses a variety of approaches that despite their core similarities differ in duration, modality, content, and treatment setting. Numerous studies and reviews have ranked CBST among the most effective approaches for treating alcoholic patients. Nevertheless, a

Richard Longabaugh; Jon Morgenstern

22

Effects of a worksite coping skills intervention on the stress, social support, and health outcomes of working mothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the effectiveness of a 15-session worksite coping skills intervention aimed at modifying work- and family-related risk and protective factors and at reducing negative health outcomes among mothers employed in secretarial positions. A sample of 142 mothers employed at one of four corporate worksites was assessed at pretest, immediately following the intervention, and at 6-month follow-up using multiple

Marsha L. Kline; David L. Snow

1994-01-01

23

Personality and Job Burnout: Can Coping Skills Reduce Job Burnout.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A before and after study design was employed to examine the effects of personality and coping training on job burnout. One hundred and one students completed the project. There were no significant differences between before/ after measures of job burnout,...

R. G. Downey L. Rappoport S. Hemenover

2002-01-01

24

Parents of Children with Special Health Care Needs Who have Better Coping Skills have Fewer Depressive Symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives Describe and quantify coping skills and prevalence of depressive symptoms in parents of children with special health care\\u000a needs (CSHCN). Describe the association of coping skills with parental depressive symptoms, severity of child’s condition\\u000a and family demographic characteristics. Methods A baseline questionnaire was administered to parents of CSHCN 2–11 years old. Data were analyzed cross-sectionally. Coping\\u000a skills were assessed using

Shervin S. Churchill; Nanci L. Villareale; Teresa A. Monaghan; Virginia L. Sharp; Gail M. Kieckhefer

2010-01-01

25

Social skills training with early adolescents: Effects on social skills, well-being, self-esteem and coping  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study discusses the educational effects of a social skills training on adolescents’ social skills, self-esteem, well-being\\u000a and coping. A group of 14- to 16-year-old normal adolescents followed a social skills training based on social learning principles.\\u000a A pre-test — experiment — post-test design was used and the group’s performance was compared with that of a non-intervention\\u000a control-group. The training

Jan O. Bijstra; Sandy Jackson

1998-01-01

26

Second Wind: Bringing Good Coping Skills Materials to More Adult Students. Final Narrative Report [and] Coping Skills for Adults Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document consists of a narrative final project report and the project product, a new edition of five booklets in the "Coping with Crisis" series. The report describes the process of redesigning and repackaging existing adult basic education materials; comments from three students are given. The five booklets are as follows: (1) "Dealing with…

New Educational Projects, Inc., Lancaster, PA.

27

Relationship of Cognitive Function and the Acquisition of Coping Skills in Computer Assisted Treatment for Substance Use Disorders  

PubMed Central

Background Coping skills training is an important component of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), yet cognitive impairment and related limitations that are often associated with chronic substance use may interfere with an ability to learn, retain, or use new information. Little previous research has examined the cognitive or neuropsychological factors that may affect substance users' ability to learn new coping skills in CBT. Methods Fifty-two substance dependent individuals randomized to receive a computerized version of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT4CBT) or treatment as usual (TAU) were administered several cognitive and neuropsychological measures, as well as a coping skills measure prior to and upon completing an 8-week treatment period. Results Across treatment conditions, participants who scored above the median on a measure of IQ demonstrated greater improvement in the quality of their coping skills than those below the median on IQ (Group × Time, F(1,49) = 4.31, p<.05). Also, IQ had a significant indirect effect on substance use outcomes through an effect on the quality of coping skills acquired, specifically for those who received CBT4CBT. Conclusion Individuals with higher IQ at baseline improved the quality of their coping skills more than those with lower IQ, which in turn reduced rates of substance use following treatment. This highlights the impact of substance users' cognitive functioning and abilities on the acquisition of coping skills from CBT, and suggests need for greater awareness and tailoring of coping skills training for those with poorer functioning.

Kiluk, Brian D.; Nich, Charla; Carroll, Kathleen M.

2010-01-01

28

Veterans' Use of Religion\\/Spirituality as Culturally Relevant Coping Skills for Trauma and Recovery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Veterans' Use of Religion\\/Spirituality as Culturally Relevant Coping Skills for Trauma and Recovery Sean Lincoln, PhD\\u000aBiographical Sketch: Sean Kathleen Lincoln, PhD is an experienced organizational administrator with skills and expertise in diversity, work\\/life initiatives, training and career counseling, clinical psychology, behavioral health, systems design and administration. Experience was gained in the health care and banking industries. She holds a

LincolnSean

2012-01-01

29

Develop and Implement a Conflict Resolution Program To Enhance the Coping Skills of Parents of Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The breakdown in parent/adolescent relationships, along with the increase in disruptive behaviors by adolescents, has become a major concern of parents and practitioners. The goal of this practicum is to review the literature on parent/adolescent conflicts and offer a conflict resolution program intended to enhance the coping skills of parents.…

Springer, Marva

30

Stress reduction in young dental patients through coping skills and sensory information  

Microsoft Academic Search

42 preschoolers (mean age 59 mo) were assigned to 1 of 3 conditions: self-control coping skills, sensory information, or no treatment with experimenter contact. Response to dental treatment was measured by behavioral, physiological, and self-report measures during 2 dental sessions. Both experimental treatments were significantly more effective than the control condition in reducing disruptive behaviors, anxiety and discomfort, and physiological

Lawrence J. Siegel; Lizette Peterson

1980-01-01

31

Stress and Coping Among HIV-Positive Barebackers  

Microsoft Academic Search

HIV-positive MSM may report high-risk behaviors—including drug use and intentional unprotected anal sex—as a means of coping.\\u000a We recruited a diverse sample of HIV-positive men (n = 66) at gay community events. One third of these men self-identified as barebackers. Barebackers were more likely to report\\u000a drug use and sex under the influence of drugs (i.e., PnP). Beyond this, those who identified

Brian C. Kelly; David S. Bimbi; Hubert Izienicki; Jeffrey T. Parsons

2009-01-01

32

An Internet Coping Skills Training Program for Youth With Type 1 Diabetes  

PubMed Central

Background Managing Type 1 diabetes (T1D) during adolescence can be challenging, and there is a need for accessible interventions to help adolescents cope with diabetes-related stress. Objectives The aim of this study was to compare an Internet coping skills training (TEENCOPE) intervention to an Internet educational intervention (Managing Diabetes) for adolescents with T1D. Moderators of program efficacy were evaluated. Methods The study was a multisite clinical trial (n = 320) with data collected at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months. Data were collected on the primary outcomes of physiologic (A1C) and psychosocial (quality of life) and on the secondary outcomes of behavioral (self-management) and psychosocial (stress, coping self-efficacy, social competence, family conflict) variables consistent with the conceptual framework. Data were analyzed using mixed-model analyses with an intent-to-treat approach. Results There were no significant between-group treatment effects 6 months postintervention on primary outcomes. The Managing Diabetes youth showed a significant increase in social competence compared to the TEENCOPE youth. There were significant time effects for TEENCOPE (decreased stress and increased coping) and Managing Diabetes (improved diabetes quality of life). Discussion Youth with T1D transitioning to adolescence may need both structured diabetes education and coping skills to improve health outcomes. There may be a higher potential to reach adolescents with Type 1 diabetes of varying race and ethnicity via Internet interventions.

Whittemore, Robin; Jaser, Sarah S.; Jeon, Sangchoon; Liberti, Lauren; Delamater, Alan; Murphy, Kathleen; Faulkner, Melissa S.; Grey, Margaret

2013-01-01

33

Coping Skills Training for Parents of Children with Type 1 Diabetes: 12-Month Outcomes  

PubMed Central

Background Although it is recognized that caring for a child with type 1 diabetes (T1D) is stressful for parents, few interventions have been developed and tested for this population. Objectives To compare a group educational intervention for parents of children with T1D to a coping skills training intervention. Method Parents of children with T1D were randomized to the group educational (n = 106) or coping skills training (n = 75) conditions. Parents completed measures of family conflict, responsibility for treatment, coping, and quality of life at baseline and 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months postintervention. Clinical data (i.e., HbA1c) were collected from children’s medical records pre- and postintervention. Results There were no significant treatment effects 12 months postintervention, but parents in both groups reported improved coping (p < .001), less responsibility for treatment management (p < .001), and improved quality of life (p = .005). While children’s metabolic control worsened over time, mean values at 12 months were still within the recommended levels in this well-controlled sample (HbA1c < 8%). Discussion Group-based interventions for parents of children with T1D may lessen the impact of treatment management, improving coping and quality of life.

Grey, Margaret; Jaser, Sarah S.; Whittemore, Robin; Jeon, Sangchoon; Lindemann, Evie

2011-01-01

34

The effect of coping skills training on alcohol consumption in heavy social drinking.  

PubMed

This study, designed to evaluate a relapse prevention technique, is based on Swedish "heavy" social drinkers who wanted to drink less or quit completely. They were recruited by advertisement in national Swedish newspapers and were randomly assigned into a control group and a coping skill training group (treatment group). Data were collected during the period 1989-1991. Subjects in the coping skills training group were taught methods to cope with the craving for alcohol, and subjects in the control group had a conventional discussion about their problems and the future. All participants also had to set a goal to be reached after the treatment. Subjects were asked about their alcohol consumption and dependence of alcohol and other alcohol-related behaviors, before, six months, and 18 months after treatment. The coping skills training did not prove more efficient than nonspecific treatment received in the control group. Instead alcohol consumption decreased as a function of the subjects' initial goals, independent of treatment and a wish to control drinking seemed more efficient than to try to quit drinking completely. PMID:12801148

Källmén, Håkan; Sjöberg, Lennart; Wennberg, Peter

2003-06-01

35

An investigation of coping skills and quality of life among single sole supporting mothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent unprecedented changes to family structures have introduced an increasingly complex role for women in the context of\\u000a family life and rearing of their children. Presently, single parent families headed by women are a significant demographic\\u000a factor. This paper reports an investigation exploring the relationship between coping skills and quality of life among single\\u000a sole supporting mother (N=73). The study

G. Coyne

2003-01-01

36

Effects of Coping Skills Training on Generalized Self-Efficacy and Locus of Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of studies have shown that mastery experiences strengthen self-efficacy expectancies that are specific to the mastery situation. In this study I assessed the effects of cognitive–behavioral coping skills training on generalized expectancies concerning self-efficacy and locus of control in test-anxious college students. Compared with a waiting-list control group, the trained subjects exhibited significant decreases on trait and state

Ronald E. Smith

1989-01-01

37

Psychological Resilience and Positive Emotional Granularity: Examining the Benefits of Positive Emotions on Coping and Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

For centuries, folk theory has promoted the idea that positive emotions are good for your health. Accumulating empirical ev- idence is providing support for this anecdotal wisdom. We use the broad- en-and-build theory of positive emotions (Fredrickson, 1998; 2001) as a framework to demonstrate that positive emotions contribute to psycho- logical and physical well-being via more effective coping. We argue

Michele M. Tugade; Barbara L. Fredrickson; Lisa Feldman Barrett

2004-01-01

38

Longitudinal Assessment of Pain, Coping, and Daily Functioning in Children with Sickle Cell Disease Receiving Pain Management Skills Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To conduct intensive pain management skills training (IST) in children with sickle cell disease (SCD) and their parents and to comprehensively evaluate pain, coping, and daily functioning in children pre, immediately post, and 3 months following treatment. Methods. Three children who received IST in nonpharmacological and pharmacological pain management strategies completed a Coping Strategies Questionnaire (CSQ) at pre, post,

Scott W. Powers; Monica J. Mitchell; Sally E. Graumlich; Kelly C. Byars; Karen A. Kalinyak

2002-01-01

39

The relationship of coping and its perceived effectiveness to positive and negative affect in sport  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examined the ability of six different coping strategies and their perceived effectiveness in predicting positive and negative affect in sport. Furthermore, it was investigated whether perceived coping effectiveness moderated the influence of coping strategies on affect. British University athletes (N = 356) were requested to recall a recent important competition in their sport when they had a stressful

Nikos Ntoumanis; Stuart J. H. Biddle

1998-01-01

40

The Unique Contributions of Positive and Negative Religious Coping to Posttraumatic Growth and PTSD  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study assessed relationships between religious coping, gender, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and posttraumatic growth (PTG). A sample of 1,016 participants completed measures of these constructs during an online mass testing procedure. Overall, positive religious coping was more strongly related to PTG and negative religious coping was more strongly related to PTSD. These relationships remained significant after controlling for

Monica M. Gerber; Adriel Boals; Darnell Schuettler

2011-01-01

41

Coping, Goal Adjustment, and Positive and Negative Affect in Definitive Infertility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationships between coping strategies, goal adjustment and positive and negative affect were studied in 83 definitive involuntary childless people. Self-report questionnaires were filled out. The findings suggested that positive ways to handle the childlessness were related to positive affect, while negative ways to deal with the childlessness were related to negative affect. Cognitive coping strategies seemed to have a

Vivian Kraaij; Nadia Garnefski; Maya J. Schroevers

2009-01-01

42

The effects of Stress Management Training on collegiate football athletes' anxiety, self-esteem, self-efficacy, motivation, academic performance and coping skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study sought to examine the differential effects of a Stress Management Training on the anxiety, self-esteem, self-efficacy, motivation, academic performance, and coping skills for collegiate football athletes. It was hypothesized the Stress Management Training would have a positive effect on outcomes. The study was conducted using collegiate football athletes at a large urban university. Eighty-five collegiate football athletes participated,

Maria Lucille Sepulvelda

2008-01-01

43

Goal X: Preparing for a Changing World--Coping With Change. A Guide to Intervention Techniques for the Development of Problem-Solving and Coping Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication defines an approach and lists some possible materials to help students develop problem-solving and coping skills. It is a preliminary guide serving as a background for those wishing to learn more about this area. It stresses definitions and sources, not specific strategies. Different sections focus on kindergarten teachers,…

Hertzog, James F.

44

Coping and Cognitive Processing Style in HIV-Positive Subjects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: People’s reactions to traumatic events are mediated by their subjective style of coping. This is of particular importance for HIV+ patients, mainly in the first phases of the disease. This work aimed at examining whether an ‘acceptance’ style of coping, as opposed to a ‘mental disengagement’ style, selectively influences the first stages of the processing of neutral, emotional and

Caterina Novara; Salvatore Casari; Silvia Compostella; Stella Dorz; Ezio Sanavio; Claudio Sica

2000-01-01

45

Relationships of Positive and Negative Affect to Coping and Functional Outcomes in Systemic Sclerosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the role of two distinct factors of emotion, positive (PA) and negative affect (NA), in adjustment to a chronic rheumatic disease, systemic sclerosis (SSc). Ninety-two patients with a confirmed diagnosis of SSc completed self-report measures assessing PA and NA (Positive and Negative Affect Schedule), coping (Revised Ways of Coping Checklist), and functional outcomes (pain and disability measured

Ingunn Hansdottir; Vanessa L. Malcarne; Daniel E. Furst; Michael H. Weisman; Philip J. Clements

2004-01-01

46

Individualized Assessment and Treatment Program for Alcohol Dependence: Results of an Initial Study to Train Coping Skills  

PubMed Central

Aims Cognitive-behavioral treatments (CBT) are among the most popular interventions offered for alcohol and other substance use disorders, but it is not clear how they achieve their effects. CBT is purported to exert its beneficial effects by altering coping skills, but data supporting coping changes as the mechanism of action are mixed. The purpose of this pilot study was to test a treatment in which coping skills were trained in a highly individualized way, allowing us to determine if such training would result in an effective treatment. Design Participants were assigned randomly to a comprehensive packaged CBT program (PCBT), or to an Individualized Assessment and Treatment Program (IATP). The IATP program employed experience sampling via cellphone to assess coping skills prior to treatment, and provided therapists a detailed understanding of patients' coping strengths and deficits. Setting Outpatient treatment. Participants A total of 110 alcohol dependent men and women. Measurements Participants in both conditions completed experience sampling of situations, drinking and coping efforts prior to, and following, 12 weeks of treatment. Timeline follow-back procedures were also used to record drinking at baseline and posttreatment. Findings IATP yielded higher proportion days abstinent (PDA) at posttreatment (p < .05) than did PCBT, and equivalent heavy drinking days. IATP also elicited more momentary coping responses, and less drinking, in high risk situations, as recorded by experience sampling at posttreatment. Posttreatment coping response rates were associated with decreases in drinking. Conclusions The IATP approach was more successful than PCBT at training adaptive coping responses for use in situations presenting high-risk for drinking. The highly individualized IATP approach may prove to be an effective treatment strategy for alcohol dependent patients.

Litt, Mark D.; Kadden, Ronald M.; Kabela-Cormier, Elise

2009-01-01

47

The Shortage of Skilled Workers. Position Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evidence gathered through interviews with members of trade associations, unions, professional societies, business, and industry as well as data obtained from the Department of Labor, congressional testimony, and publications of the commerical and trade press reveals that the shortage of skilled workers in America is reaching crisis proportions.…

American Vocational Association, Arlington, VA.

48

Demands, appraisal, coping and outcomes : Positive and negative aspects of occupational stress in veterinarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate relationships among cognitive appraisal of work demands, coping, positive and negative affect, and job satisfaction using structural equation modeling (SEM). Gender differences are also examined. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A total of 659 registered veterinarians respond to a postal survey investigating appraisal, coping, and outcomes in the context of work-related stressors. Veterinarians

Dianne Gardner; Richard Fletcher

2009-01-01

49

Learning to cope with school: A study of the effects of a coping skill training program with test-vulnerable 7th-grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forty-two 7th-grade students who had previously been found to react adversely to test situations were individually assessed with a battery of intellectual, cognitive, and affective measures, both prior and subsequent to a remedial coping-skill-building program. Nineteen of these test-vulnerable students were also considered to be at risk for school failure because of previous problems in school. The remaining 23, despite

Renée Stevens; Robert O. Pihl

1983-01-01

50

Beyond Stress and Coping: The Positive Psychology of Transformation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Often, it is easier to study a subject than to define it. Anyone foolish enough to attempt a comprehensive and universally acceptable definition of human culture would be like a blind person trying to describe an elephant. A similar difficulty exists in defining the psychology of stress and coping. Nevertheless, we cannot simply run away from these challenges; we still

Paul T. P. Wong; Lilian C. J. Wong; Carolyn Scott

51

Sources of Acute Stress, Cognitive Appraisal, and Coping Strategies Among Highly Skilled Mexican and U.S. Competitive Tennis Players  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present investigation was to identify sources of acute stress, cognitive appraisal (i.e., perceived controllability), and the use of coping strategies as a function of culture among highly skilled tennis players from Mexico and the United States. Participants were 112 competitive tennis players, 54 of whom were from Mexico (44 boys, 10 girls), and 58 of whom

Rogelio Puente-díaz; Mark H. Anshel

2005-01-01

52

Anxiety, Depression, and Coping Skills among Mexican School Children: A Comparison of Students with and without Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to compare severity and risk status for anxiety and depression with coping skills among 130 Mexican school children with learning disabilities (LD) and 130 school children without LD. This research is the first to explore the emotional difficulties of Mexican children with LD. Children completed the Spanish version…

Gallegos, Julia; Langley, Audra; Villegas, Diana

2012-01-01

53

The effect of songwriting on knowledge of coping skills and working alliance in psychiatric patients: a randomized clinical effectiveness study.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a songwriting intervention on psychiatric patients' knowledge of coping skills and working alliance. Participants were randomly assigned to scripted and manualized experimental (n=48) or control (n=41) conditions. The experimental condition was a group psychoeducational music therapy songwriting session concerning coping skills while the control condition was a group psychoeducational session concerning coping skills. Both conditions were single-session therapy with patients on an acute adult psychiatric unit. Results indicated no significant between group differences in measures of knowledge of coping skills, consumer working alliance, or perception of enjoyment (p>.05), although the experimental condition tended to have slightly higher mean scores than the control group for these measures. There was a significant between group difference in measures of therapist working alliance (p<.001), with the therapist scoring the experimental group higher than the control group. Although the music therapy group had a higher mean rate of previous psychiatric hospitalizations, their perception of enjoyment scores were still higher than those of the control condition, a finding incongruent in the literature. Furthermore, despite the increased number of previous hospitalizations, the music therapy condition had higher attendance rates than the control condition, thus possibly providing incentives for funding. It seems that group songwriting about coping skills can be as effective a psychosocial intervention as traditional talk-based psychoeducation to teach psychiatric inpatients how to proactively manage their illness. Additionally, music therapy can be as effective as talk-based psychoeducation in establishing working alliance. Implications for clinical practice, limitations, and suggestions for future research are provided. PMID:21866716

Silverman, Michael J

2011-01-01

54

Coping and physical health during caregiving: the roles of positive and negative affect.  

PubMed

The associations among coping, mood, and health variables were examined prospectively over 2 years in 86 HIV positive (HIV+) and 167 HIV negative (HIV-) gay men undergoing the stress of AIDS-related caregiving. Path models suggested that including both positive and negative mood and the men's associated coping strategies increases understanding of why some people suffer adverse health effects during times of stress. Among the HIV- caregivers, higher levels of social coping predicted increases in positive affect, which in turn resulted in lower levels of physical symptoms. In contrast, higher levels of cognitive avoidance predicted increases in negative affect, which in turn resulted in higher levels of physical symptoms. Self-injurious forms of avoidance coping predicted higher levels of physical symptoms independent of mood among the HIV+ caregivers. PMID:10909883

Billings, D W; Folkman, S; Acree, M; Moskowitz, J T

2000-07-01

55

Sources of acute stress, cognitive appraisal, and coping strategies among highly skilled Mexican and U.S. competitive tennis players.  

PubMed

The purpose of the present investigation was to identify sources of acute stress, cognitive appraisal (i.e., perceived controllability), and the use of coping strategies as a function of culture among highly skilled tennis players from Mexico and the United States. Participants were 112 competitive tennis players, 54 of whom were from Mexico (44 boys, 10 girls), and 58 of whom were from the United States (30 boys, 28 girls). A qualitative analysis indicated that the most common sources of acute stress in tennis include "receiving negative comments from coaches and relatives" and "opponent cheating." The authors adapted the COPE Instrument (C. Carver, M. F. Scheier, & J. K. Weintraub, 1989) to ascertain the athletes' use of coping strategies. Regression analysis assessed the extent to which culture predicted the athletes' perceived controllability of the stressors and their use of coping strategies. The results indicated that culture significantly predicted both perceived controllability and the use of coping strategies. The authors discussed implications for the role of culture in predicting cognitive appraisal and coping in sport. PMID:16050340

Puente-Díaz, Rogelio; Anshel, Mark H

2005-08-01

56

Coping with speech anxiety: The power of positive thinking  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports two studies designed to probe the link between speech anxiety and positive thinking. The first study reconfirms earlier research that speech anxiety is positively correlated with negative thoughts and negatively related to positive thoughts. The second study found that students trained to use visualization reported a higher proportion of positive to negative thoughts and lower speech anxiety

Joe Ayres

1988-01-01

57

Reductions in depressed mood and denial coping during cognitive behavioral stress management with hiv-positive gay men treated with haart  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Stress management interventions for HIV-positive persons have been designed to enhance coping skills and encourage health-promoting\\u000a behaviors with the hope of decreasing distress and slowing disease progression.Purpose: We examined the efficacy of a cognitive behavioral stress management (CBSM) intervention in combination with medication\\u000a adherence training (MAT) in 130 gay and bisexual men living with HIV infection.Methods: Participants were randomized

Adam W. Carrico; Michael H. Antoni; Ron E. Durán; Gail Ironson; Frank Penedo; Mary Ann Fletcher; Nancy Klimas; Neil Schneiderman

2006-01-01

59

Dyslexic entrepreneurs: the incidence; their coping strategies and their business skills.  

PubMed

This comparative study explores the incidence of dyslexia in entrepreneurs, corporate managers and the general population. It examines the suggestion that dyslexic entrepreneurs develop coping strategies to manage their weaknesses, which are subsequently of benefit in the new venture creation process. Results of this study suggest that there is a significantly higher incidence of dyslexia in entrepreneurs than in the corporate management and general US and UK populations and some of the strategies they adopt to overcome dyslexia (such as delegation of tasks) may be useful in business. The study was undertaken in two parts. First, entrepreneurs and corporate managers completed an online questionnaire, which combined questions about their company, their management or leadership role and their business skills together with questions that were designed to explore the likely incidence of dyslexia. A follow-up study that made use of a semi-structured questionnaire explored business issues and educational experience in more depth with those who had been diagnosed as dyslexic and those who did not have any history of dyslexia or any other learning difficulty. PMID:19378286

Logan, Julie

2009-11-01

60

The Self-Control and Self-Management Scale (SCMS): Development of an Adaptive Self-Regulatory Coping Skills Instrument  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self-control and self-management skills (SCMSk) represent a cognitive-behavioral coping skills model that has been successfully\\u000a applied to assessment and treatment. Nevertheless, no general adult self-report instrument has been developed to measure this\\u000a important construct. The 16-item Self-Control and Self-Management Scale (SCMS) was developed as a new adult self-report instrument\\u000a designed to be a general trait measure of SCMSk. In Study

Peter G. Mezo

2009-01-01

61

Adding Voucher-Based Incentives to Coping Skills and Motivational Enhancement Improves Outcomes During Treatment for Marijuana Dependence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sixty individuals seeking outpatient treatment for marijuana dependence were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatments: motivational enhancement (M), M plus behavioral coping skills therapy (MBT), or MBT plus voucher-based incentives (MBTV). In the voucher-based incentive program, participants earned vouchers exchangeable for retail items contingent on them submitting cannabinoid-negative urine specimens. MBTV engendered significantly greater durations of documented marijuana abstinence

Alan J. Budney; Stephen T. Higgins; Krestin J. Radonovich; Pamela L. Novy

2000-01-01

62

Effects of a brief worksite stress management program on coping skills, psychological distress and physical complaints: a controlled trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To examine the effects of single-session, small-group stress management program on knowledge about stress, coping skills, and psychological and physical distress. Methods: A total of 300 employees from a company in western Japan were invited to participate in the study. Those who consented to enter the study were assigned to an intervention (n=149) or waiting list control group (n=151).

Akihito Shimazu; Rino Umanodan; Wilmar B. Schaufeli

2006-01-01

63

Coping and Positive Affect in Adolescents of Mothers With and Without a History of Depression  

PubMed Central

The adolescent children of depressed mothers are at increased risk for depression, but little is known about protective factors for these children. Maintenance of positive affect in a stressful context may be an important marker of resilience. Mothers with (n = 34) and without (n = 38) a history of depression and their adolescent children completed questionnaires regarding adolescents' coping and depressive symptoms and engaged in a 15 min videotaped interaction about family stress. Adolescents' observed behaviors were coded using the Iowa Family Interaction Rating Scales. No significant differences emerged in observed behavior between adolescents of mothers with and without a history of depression. Higher levels of primary and secondary control coping and lower levels of disengagement coping were related to higher levels of observed positive mood and fewer depressive symptoms in adolescents. Observed positive mood was related to fewer depressive symptoms in adolescents, even after accounting for maternal history of depression and current maternal depressive symptoms. Results suggest the importance of considering positive affect in the context of family stress as a marker of resilience in adolescents at risk for depression. The current study provides evidence for coping as a protective factor, related to higher levels of positive affect and fewer depressive symptoms, in adolescents exposed to maternal depressive symptoms.

Champion, Jennifer E.; Dharamsi, Kristen R.; Riesing, Michele M.; Compas, Bruce E.

2010-01-01

64

Caregiver-Assisted Coping Skills Training for Lung Cancer: Results of a Randomized Clinical Trial  

PubMed Central

Context Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers in the U.S. and is associated with high levels of symptoms including pain, fatigue, shortness of breath, and psychological distress. Caregivers as well as patients are adversely affected. However, previous studies of coping skills training (CST) interventions have not been tested in patients with lung cancer nor systematically included caregivers. Objectives This study tested the efficacy of a caregiver-assisted CST protocol in a sample of patients with lung cancer. Methods Two hundred thirty-three lung cancer patients and their caregivers were randomly assigned to receive 14 telephone-based sessions of either caregiver-assisted CST or education/support involving the caregiver. Patients completed measures assessing pain, psychological distress, QOL, and self-efficacy for symptom management; caregivers completed measures assessing psychological distress, caregiver strain, and self-efficacy for helping the patient manage symptoms. Results Patients in both treatment conditions showed improvements in pain, depression, QOL, and self-efficacy and caregivers in both conditions showed improvements in anxiety and self-efficacy from baseline to four-month follow-up. Results of exploratory analyses suggested that the CST intervention was more beneficial to patients/caregivers with Stage II and III cancers, whereas the education/support intervention was more beneficial to patients/caregivers with Stage I cancer. Conclusion Taken together with the broader literature in this area, results from this study suggest that psychosocial interventions can lead to improvements in a range of outcomes for cancer patients. Suggestions for future studies include the utilization of three-group designs (e.g., comparing two active interventions to a standard-care control) and examining mechanisms of change.

Porter, Laura S.; Keefe, Francis J.; Garst, Jennifer; Baucom, Donald H.; McBride, Colleen; McKee, Daphne C.; Sutton, Linda; Carson, Kimberly; Knowles, Verena; Rumble, Meredith; Scipio, Cindy

2010-01-01

65

The Role of Coping in Mediating the Relationship Between Positive Affect and School Satisfaction in Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little research has investigated the role of positive emotions among youth in the school setting. Fredrickson’s (2001) broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions hypothesizes that frequent positive emotions broaden individuals’ thinking\\u000a and behavior resulting in enhanced psychological resources, such as a high level of school satisfaction. This study used Fredrickson’s\\u000a theory to investigate whether approach coping behaviors mediated the relationship between

Vanessa C. Bordwine; E. Scott Huebner

2010-01-01

66

Relations Between Coping and Positive and Negative Outcomes in Carers of Persons with Multiple Sclerosis (MS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined relations between stress and coping predictors and negative and positive outcomes in MS caregiving. A total of 222 carers and their care-recipients completed questionnaires at Time 1 and three months later, Time 2 (n = 155). Predictors included care-recipient characteristics (age, time since diagnosis, course and life satisfaction), and Times 1 and 2 carer problems, stress appraisal

Kenneth I. Pakenham

2005-01-01

67

Anger coping method and skill training for Chinese children with physically aggressive behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aggression hinders development in the child and creates numerous problems in the family, school and community. An indigenous Anger Coping Training program for Chinese children with aggressive behavior and their parents aimed to help reactively aggressive children in increasing anger coping methods and enhancing problem?solving abilities. This research program uses a mixed model research method based on experimental and control

Annis L. C. Fung; Sandra K. M. Tsang

2007-01-01

68

Self-Concept and Coping Skills of Female Early Adolescents in South Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the present study was to investigate the coping strategies and self-concept of Korean female early adolescents. These adolescents (n = 351) were enrolled in a middle school in Seoul. The subjects completed the Multidimensional Self-Concept Scale and Coping Responses Inventory questionnaires. The subjects exhibited the greatest…

Sung, Kyung Mi

2011-01-01

69

Silver linings and candles in the dark: differences among positive coping strategies in predicting subjective well-being.  

PubMed

Ideal coping strategies enhance positive aspects of well-being as well as reduce distress. Although researchers have identified several "positive coping" strategies, it is unclear which are most strongly associated with well-being or whether all strategies are equally appropriate for all kinds of stressors. Participants completed well-being measures, and described the most negative event of the day and their emotion regulation strategies for the next 7 days. Dispositional use of positive emotion-inducing coping strategies was most strongly associated with positive aspects of well-being. Use of positive coping did not decrease with increased objective stress during the week, and use of particular strategies was partly predicted by the types of stressors that were reported. Implications for theories of positive coping are discussed. PMID:16768566

Shiota, Michelle N

2006-05-01

70

Upward spirals of positive emotion and coping: Replication, extension, and initial exploration of neurochemical substrates  

Microsoft Academic Search

The broaden-and-build theory (Fredrickson, 1998, 2001) predicts that positive emotions broaden the scopes of attention and cognition, thereby facilitating the building of personal resources and initiating upward spirals toward increasing emotional well-being. This study attempts to replicate and extend previous empirical support for this model. Using a sample of 185 undergraduates, we assessed whether positive affect and broad-minded coping, interpersonal

Andrea B. Burns; Jessica S. Brown; Natalie Sachs-Ericsson; E. Ashby Plant; J. Thomas Curtis; Barbara L. Fredrickson; Thomas E. Joiner

2008-01-01

71

The Relationship of Differentiation, Family Coping Skills, and Family Functioning with Optimism in College-Age Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The marriage and family therapy (MFT) field would benefit from new research about positive subjective experiences, such as\\u000a optimism, in order to construct and nurture strengths for developing more positive emotions. Through a better understanding\\u000a of optimism, marriage and family therapists (MFTs) can explore which strategies might help families and individuals better\\u000a cope with distressing emotions by building buffering strengths.

Z. Seda Sahin; David P. Nalbone; Joseph L. Wetchler; Jerry M. Bercik

2010-01-01

72

Pain Coping Skills Training and Lifestyle Behavioral Weight Management in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Controlled Study  

PubMed Central

Overweight and obese patients with osteoarthritis (OA) experience more OA pain and disability than patients who are not overweight. This study examined the long-term efficacy of a combined pain coping skills training (PCST) and lifestyle behavioral weight management (BWM) intervention in overweight and obese OA patients. Patients (N=232) were randomized to a 6-month program of: 1) PCST + BWM; 2) PCST-only; 3) BWM-only; or 4) standard care control. Assessments of pain, physical disability (Arthritis Impact Measurement Scales [AIMS] physical disability, stiffness, activity, and gait), psychological disability (AIMS psychological disability, pain catastrophizing, arthritis self-efficacy, weight self-efficacy), and body weight were collected at four time points (pretreatment, post-treatment, and 6 months and 12 months after the completion of treatment). Patients randomized to PCST+ BWM demonstrated significantly better treatment outcomes (average of all three post-treatment values) in terms of pain, physical disability, stiffness, activity, weight self-efficacy, and weight when compared to the other three conditions (p’s <.05). PCST+BWM also did significantly better than at least one of the other conditions (i.e., PCST-only, BWM-only, or standard care) in terms of psychological disability, pain catastrophizing, and arthritis self-efficacy. Interventions teaching overweight and obese OA patients pain coping skills and weight management simultaneously may provide the more comprehensive long-term benefits.

Somers, Tamara J.; Blumenthal, James A.; Guilak, Farshid; Kraus, Virginia B.; Schmitt, Daniel O.; Babyak, Michael A.; Craighead, Linda W.; Caldwell, David S.; Rice, John R.; McKee, Daphne C.; Shelby, Rebecca A.; Campbell, Lisa C.; Pells, Jennifer J.; Sims, Ershela L.; Queen, Robin; Carson, James W.; Connelly, Mark; Dixon, Kim E.; LaCaille, Lara J.; Huebner, Janet L.; Rejeski, W. Jack; Keefe, Francis J.

2012-01-01

73

The Influence of Social Support, Coping and Mood on Sexual Risk Behavior among HIV-Positive Men and Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between social support, coping, mood and sexual risk behavior. Participants were 122 HIV-positive adults (60 women and 62 men). All participants were assessed on sexual risk behavior, perceived partner social support, coping with HIV\\/AIDS and mood. The results showed that sexual risk behavior was associated with male gender, education, perceived

Cheryl Gore-felton; Cheryl Koopman; Julie M. Turner-cobb; Ron Durán; Dennis Israelski; David Spiegel

2002-01-01

74

Development and preliminary evaluation of a telephone-based coping skills training intervention for survivors of acute lung injury and their informal caregivers  

PubMed Central

Purpose Survivors of acute lung injury (ALI) and their informal caregivers have difficulty coping with the physical and emotional challenges of recovery from critical illness. We aimed to develop and pilot test a telephone-based coping skills training intervention for this population. Methods 58 participants were enrolled overall. 21 patients and 23 caregivers participated in a cross-sectional study to assess coping and its association with psychological distress. This also informed the development of an ALI coping skills training intervention in an iterative process involving content and methodological experts. The intervention was then evaluated in 7 patients and 7 caregivers in an uncontrolled, prospective, pre-post study. Outcomes included acceptability, feasibility, and symptoms of psychological distress measured with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Post-Traumatic Symptom Scale (PTSS). Results Survivors and their caregivers used adaptive coping infrequently, a pattern that was strongly associated with psychological distress. These findings informed the development of a 12-session intervention for acquiring, applying, and maintaining coping skills. In the evaluation phase, participants completed 77 (92%) of a possible 84 telephone sessions and all (100%) reported that the intervention’s usefulness in their daily routine. Mean change scores reflecting improvements in the HADS (7.8 units) and PTSS (10.3 units) were associated with adaptive coping (r=0.50–0.70) and high self-efficacy (r=0.67–0.79). Conclusions A novel telephone-based coping skills training intervention was acceptable, feasible, and may have been associated with a reduction in psychological distress among survivors of ALI and their informal caregivers. A randomized trial is needed to evaluate the intervention.

Cox, Christopher E.; Porter, Laura S.; Hough, Catherine L.; White, Douglas B.; Kahn, Jeremy M.; Carson, Shannon S.; Tulsky, James A.; Keefe, Francis J.

2012-01-01

75

Athletes' coping during a competition: relationship of coping strategies with positive affect, negative affect, and performance–goal discrepancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: This study examined the changes in athletes' coping and affect across the phases of a sport competition and the extent to which performance–goal discrepancy (PGD) moderated these changes. Also, it explored the mediating role of coping strategies in the PGD-affect relationships.Method: Sixty-two French–Canadian male golfers, aged from 13 to 20 years, completed a French translation of the MCOPE (The

P Gaudreau; J.-P Blondin; A.-M Lapierre

2002-01-01

76

A comparative study of coping skills and body image: Mastectomized vs. lumpectomized patients with breast carcinoma  

PubMed Central

Background: The diagnosis of breast cancer encompasses not only physical, but also social and psychological implications because of the importance of the breast in a woman's body image, sexuality and motherhood. Women may experience a range of concerns and fears including physical appearance and disfigurement, the uncertainty about recurrence and the fear of death. There are no Indian studies on this subject. Aim: This study explores the various concerns of mastectomized and lumpectomized (breast conserved) patients, determines the coping mechanisms employed and the resolution of concerns. The levels of anxiety and depression in both groups were also studied. Methods: Seventy-five patients with breast carcinoma (50 mastectomized and 25 lumpectomized) were evaluated. The concern and coping checklist of Devlen was used. The severity of anxiety and depression was measured using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Results: Body image or disfigurement was a concern only in the mastectomized group. Concerns were equally resolved between the two groups except for sexual role and performance, wherein the concern was resolved to a lesser extent in the mastectomized group. Coping strategies employed were effective in the resolution of concerns except for sexual role and performance, and recurrence or relapse. No statistically significant difference was found in the depression and anxiety levels of the two groups. Conclusion: Concern regarding sexual role and performance was resolved to a lesser extent in the mastectomized group. Specific psychological intervention is necessary to enhance coping strategies with regard to concerns of body image, and sexual role and performance.

Mahapatro, Fiona; Parkar, Shubhangi R.

2005-01-01

77

Building Coping Skills on a Firm Foundation: Using a Metaphorical Interface To Deliver Stress Management Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the benefits of a metaphorical graphical user interface (GUI) and discusses how metaphorical interfaces can be used to deliver instruction on stress management. A computer-based instructional (CBI) program for college students was developed on the fundamentals of stress and the role of time management as a coping strategy. The…

Berkley, Jeannette; Cates, Ward Mitchell

78

The Art of Coping with a Craniofacial Difference: Helping Others through "Positive Exposure"  

PubMed Central

Finding ways to cope with social stigmatization is an important aspect of achieving adaptation for people living with visible genetic differences. This study describes the way individuals with craniofacial differences use an innovative photography and video experience with Positive Exposure (PE), a non-profit organization based in New York City, as a way to cope with their conditions. Thirty-five individuals between 12 and 61 years of age participated in this study. We administered surveys comprised of open-ended qualitative questions and quantitative measures designed to assess self-esteem, perceived stigma, and hopefulness. Data for this analysis was generated from the written questionnaires and interview transcripts. Most participants reported high levels of self-esteem and hopefulness, suggesting that they were relatively well adapted to their condition. Almost all participants described experiences of stigmatization throughout their lives. However, participants demonstrated their ability to implement a variety of coping strategies to manage stigma. ‘Helping others’ emerged as a prominent strategy among participants, aiding in the often lifelong process of adapting to their genetic difference. PE was described as an avenue through which participants could reach out to individuals and society at large, helping them adapt further to their condition. ‘Helping others’ may also benefit individuals with craniofacial differences who do not consider themselves to be well adapted to their condition. Health care providers can collaborate with PE, advocacy groups and other community or support groups to identify additional ways individuals with craniofacial differences can help themselves by reaching out to others.

Loewenstein, Johanna; Sutton, Erica; Guidotti, Rick; Shapiro, Kristin; Ball, Karen; McLean, Diane; Biesecker, Barbara

2011-01-01

79

Positive Interdependence, Academic and Collaborative-Skills Group Contingencies, and Isolated Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of (a) opportunity to interact with classmates, (b) positive goal interdependence, (c) positive goal and positive reward interdependence, and (d) positive goal and reward interdependence with an added contingency for the use of collaborative skills were investigated. The dependent measures were achievement, interpersonal attraction, and the voluntary use of collaborative skills by socially withdrawn and isolated students. Four

Marvin Lew; Debra Mesch; David W. Johnson; Roger Johnson

1986-01-01

80

Substance Abuse, Coping Strategies, Adaptive Skills and Behavioral and Emotional Problems in Clients with Mild to Borderline Intellectual Disability Admitted to a Treatment Facility: A Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many clients with mild to borderline intellectual disability (ID) who are admitted to a treatment facility show serious problems in alcohol and/or drugs use. In the present case file study, we explored differences in coping strategies, adaptive skills and emotional and behavioral problems between clients who showed substance abuse and clients who…

Didden, Robert; Embregts, Petri; van der Toorn, Mirjam; Laarhoven, Nina

2009-01-01

81

Increases in Positive Reappraisal Coping During a Group-Based Mantram Intervention Mediate Sustained Reductions in Anger in HIV-Positive Persons  

PubMed Central

Background There is evidence that various meditation practices reduce distress, but little is known about the mechanisms of frequently repeating a mantram—a spiritual word or phrase—on distress reduction. Mantram repetition is the portable practice of focusing attention frequently on a mantram throughout the day without a specific time, place or posture. Purpose We examined the hypothesis of whether increases positive reappraisal coping or distancing coping mediated the sustained decreases in anger found following a group-based mantram intervention that was designed to train attention and promote awareness of internal experiences. Method A secondary analysis was performed on data collected from a randomized controlled trial that compared a group-based mantram intervention (n=46) to an attention-matched control (n = 47) in a community sample of HIV-positive adults. Positive reappraisal and distancing coping were explored as potential mediators of anger reduction. Results Participants in the mantram intervention reported significant increases in positive reappraisal coping over the 5-week intervention period whereas the control group reported decreases. Increases in positive reappraisal coping during the 5-week intervention period mediated the effect of mantram on decreased anger at 22-week follow-up. Conclusions Findings suggest that a group-based mantram intervention may reduce anger by enhancing positive reappraisal coping.

Bormann, Jill E.; Carrico, Adam W.

2009-01-01

82

Life Coping Skills in U.S Army, Europe Pilot Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Doing It in Deutschland programs were developed to teach first-term enlisted soldiers in USAREUR the knowledge and skills needed to (1) use public transportation in Germany, (2) eat out on the economy, (3) use USAREUR community resources, (4) shop in ...

R. Dawson J. Hebein C. Maddox M. Kerr K. Brooks

1994-01-01

83

Design, Development, and Formative Evaluation of a USAREUR Life Coping Skills Training Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Doing It in Deutschland programs were developed to teach first term enlisted soldiers in USAREUR the knowledge and skills need to (1) use public transportation in Germany, (2) eat out on the economy, (3) use USAREUR community resources, (4) shop in Ge...

R. Dawson

1984-01-01

84

Coping with Daily Stress: Differential Role of Spiritual Experience on Daily Positive and Negative Affect  

PubMed Central

Objectives. On the global-level, spiritual experiences have been shown to buffer against the negative effects of stress on well-being for older adults, but this global-level analysis may not reflect the day-to-day processes at work. The present project uses a daily paradigm to examine the potential moderating effect of everyday spiritual experience (ESE) on the deleterious impact of a given day’s perceived stress (PS) on that day’s positive and negative affect (PA/NA). Method. Participants were 244 older adults aged 55–80 years who completed daily assessments for up to 56 days. Results. Results partially support the moderating hypothesis: ESE buffered the negative effect of PS on same-day NA but had a positive direct effect on same-day PA. Discussion. These results point to a differential function of ESE—that it serves a coping function for NA but enhances PA directly—in the day-to-day lives of older adults, shedding light on the nuanced role of religiousness and spirituality when it comes to coping with daily stress.

Bergeman, Cindy S.

2012-01-01

85

Ready, Set, Go! for Independent Living. Breakthrough Strategies To Teach and Counsel Troubled Youth: Social Skills, School Skills, Coping Skills Lesson Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of eight in a series of guides designed to help teach and counsel troubled youth. This document presents 20 lessons on the social skills necessary to live independently. It includes four lessons designed to help students accurately evaluate their readiness for independent living. Other lessons teach the basic steps for…

Wells, Ruth Herman

86

Development and Alpha Testing of QuitIT: An Interactive Video Game to Enhance Skills for Coping With Smoking Urges  

PubMed Central

Background Despite many efforts at developing relapse prevention interventions, most smokers relapse to tobacco use within a few months after quitting. Interactive games offer a novel strategy for helping people develop the skills required for successful tobacco cessation. Objective The objective of our study was to develop a video game that enables smokers to practice strategies for coping with smoking urges and maintaining smoking abstinence. Our team of game designers and clinical psychologists are creating a video game that integrates the principles of smoking behavior change and relapse prevention. We have reported the results of expert and end-user feedback on an alpha version of the game. Methods The alpha version of the game consisted of a smoking cue scenario often encountered by smokers. We recruited 5 experts in tobacco cessation research and 20 current and former smokers, who each played through the scenario. Mixed methods were used to gather feedback on the relevance of cessation content and usability of the game modality. Results End-users rated the interface from 3.0 to 4.6/5 in terms of ease of use and from 2.9 to 4.1/5 in terms of helpfulness of cessation content. Qualitative themes showed several user suggestions for improving the user interface, pacing, and diversity of the game characters. In addition, the users confirmed a high degree of game immersion, identification with the characters and situations, and appreciation for the multiple opportunities to practice coping strategies. Conclusions This study highlights the procedures for translating behavioral principles into a game dynamic and shows that our prototype has a strong potential for engaging smokers. A video game modality exemplifies problem-based learning strategies for tobacco cessation and is an innovative step in behavioral management of tobacco use.

Fiske, Jeff

2013-01-01

87

Skills for Global Communication: Pursuing a positive learning environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seido Language Institute of Kobe, Japan, published the four-skills textbook, Skills for Global Communication, in the spring of 2006. It had been piloted at the University of Hyogo from the spring of 2004, and was formally adopted as the required text for all first-year English-language students at that university at the time of its formal publication. In this paper the

Aya Shinozaike Dougherty; Patrick T. Dougherty

88

Coping and positive perceptions in Irish mothers of children with intellectual disabilities.  

PubMed

Thirty-six mothers of children aged between 5 and 8 years with intellectual disabilities completed five self-report questionnaires measuring variables related to behavioural and emotional difficulties, levels of care demand, family supports, coping and positive perceptions. The relationships among these variables were investigated using a working model proposed by Hastings and Taunt (2002). Child behavioural and emotional problems in the non-clinical range predicted low levels of care demand. Formal social support was an effective form of support for mothers; helpfulness of formal social support predicted mobilizing the family to acquire and accept help in the community; and mobilizing the family predicted levels of strength and family closeness. The majority of respondents rated agreement with statements that their child was: a source of happiness or fulfilment; a source of strength and family closeness; and a source of personal growth and maturity. The theoretical and clinical implications of these results are discussed. PMID:16916848

Greer, Felicity A; Grey, Ian M; McClean, Brian

2006-09-01

89

A Contingency Approach to Communication Skill Importance: The Impact of Occupation, Direction, and Position.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the impact of direction and occupation on the importance of communication skills for entry-level positions in finance, management, engineering, and law. Results substantiate a three-dimensional model (based on direction, occupation, and position) for the examination and application of communication skill importance in organization. (JD)|

Di Salvo, Vincent S.; Larsen, Janet K.

1987-01-01

90

A pilot randomized controlled trial of the feasibility of a self-directed coping skills intervention for couples facing prostate cancer: Rationale and design  

PubMed Central

Background Although it is known both patients’ and partners’ reactions to a prostate cancer diagnosis include fear, uncertainty, anxiety and depression with patients’ partners’ reactions mutually determining how they cope with and adjust to the illness, few psychosocial interventions target couples. Those that are available tend to be led by highly trained professionals, limiting their accessibility and long-term sustainability. In addition, it is recognised that patients who might benefit from conventional face-to-face psychosocial interventions do not access these, either by preference or because of geographical or mobility barriers. Self-directed interventions can overcome some of these limitations and have been shown to contribute to patient well-being. This study will examine the feasibility of a self-directed, coping skills intervention for couples affected by cancer, called Coping-Together, and begin to explore its potential impact on couples’ illness adjustment. The pilot version of Coping-Together includes a series of four booklets, a DVD, and a relaxation audio CD. Methods/design In this double-blind, two-group, parallel, randomized controlled trial, 70 couples will be recruited within 4 months of a prostate cancer diagnosis through urology private practices and randomized to: 1) Coping-Together or 2) a minimal ethical care condition. Minimal ethical care condition couples will be mailed information booklets available at the Cancer Council New South Wales and a brochure for the Cancer Council Helpline. The primary outcome (anxiety) and additional secondary outcomes (distress, depression, dyadic adjustment, quality of life, illness or caregiving appraisal, self-efficacy, and dyadic and individual coping) will be assessed at baseline (before receiving study material) and 2 months post-baseline. Intention-to-treat and per protocol analysis will be conducted. Discussion As partners’ distress rates exceed not only population norms, but also those reported by patients themselves, it is imperative that coping skills interventions target the couple as a unit and enhance both partners’ ability to overcome cancer challenges. This pilot study will examine the feasibility and potential efficacy of Coping-Together in optimising couples’ illness adjustment. This is one of the first feasibility studies to test this innovative coping intervention, which in turn will contribute to the larger literature advocating for psychosocial care of couples affected by prostate cancer. Trial registration Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN12611000438954

2012-01-01

91

Effects of spouse-assisted coping skills training and exercise training in patients with osteoarthritic knee pain: a randomized controlled study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study tested the separate and combined effects of spouse-assisted pain coping skills training (SA-CST) and exercise training (ET) in a sample of patients having persistent osteoarthritic knee pain. Seventy-two married osteoarthritis (OA) patients with persistent knee pain and their spouses were randomly assigned to: SA-CST alone, SA-CST plus ET, ET alone, or standard care (SC). Patients in SA-CST alone,

Francis J Keefe; James Blumenthal; Donald Baucom; Glenn Affleck; Robert Waugh; David S Caldwell; Pat Beaupre; Susmita Kashikar-Zuck; Katherine Wright; Jennifer Egert; John Lefebvre

2004-01-01

92

Emotion-Oriented Coping, Avoidance Coping, and Fear of Pain as Mediators of the Relationship between Positive Affect, Negative Affect, and Pain-Related Distress among African American and Caucasian College Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors tested whether coping styles and fear of pain mediate the relationship between positive affect and negative affect on one hand and pain-related distress (PD) on the other. Among African American and Caucasian female college students, negative affect, fear of pain, and emotion-oriented coping together accounted for 34% of the variance…

Lightsey, Owen Richard, Jr.; Wells, Anita G.; Wang, Mei-Chuan; Pietruszka, Todd; Ciftci, Ayse; Stancil, Brett

2009-01-01

93

Coping With Psychological Distress Associated to Positive Symptoms of Schizophrenia: A Brief Cognitive Behavioral Intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case study examined the assessment, treatment, and outcomes of a 53-year-old man presenting with chronic paranoid schizophrenia. This individual presented with significant anxiety, stress, and depression symptoms resulting from his inability to cope with persistent and persecutory auditory hallucinations and delusions. The treatment approach was drawn from principles of cognitive behavioral therapy, in particular the Coping Strategy Enhancement Approach

Luke Hatzipetrou; Tian Po Oei

2010-01-01

94

Teaching the Dance Class: Strategies to Enhance Skill Acquisition, Mastery and Positive Self-Image  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective teaching of dance skills is informed by a variety of theoretical frameworks and individual teaching and learning styles. The purpose of this paper is to present practical teaching strategies that enhance the mastery of skills and promote self-esteem, self-efficacy, and positive self-image. The predominant thinking and primary research…

Mainwaring, Lynda M.; Krasnow, Donna H.

2010-01-01

95

Availability and desirability of various skills in candidates for positions in counseling centers: A replication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Designed a modified replication of A. Southworth's (1972) survey to identify any changes in the judged availability and desirability of skills among doctoral candidates for counseling center positions. 213 college and university counseling center directors served as the judges of the 26 skill items. Results indicate that on 12 of the items there was a significant change between the 1972

Thomas M. Magoon; Michael McDermott

1979-01-01

96

Promoting Children's Positive Intergroup Attitudes towards Stigmatized Groups: Extended Contact and Multiple Classification Skills Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies were conducted to evaluate interventions, based upon the extended contact hypothesis and multiple classification skills training, which aimed to promote children's positive intergroup attitudes towards two stigmatized groups. Study 1 tested whether extended contact and multiple classification skills training changed out-group attitudes…

Cameron, Lindsey; Rutland, Adam; Brown, Rupert

2007-01-01

97

Linking Leader Social Skills and Organisational Health to Positive Work Relationships in Local Governments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the links between leaders' social skills, organisational health (decline) and positive work relationships. In particular it tests whether leaders' social skills are more strongly associated to work relationships when the organisation's fiscal health is more precarious. Using data from both surveys and annual financial statements of 103 public sector organisations, the results indicate that a leader's social

Abraham Carmeli; Hedva Vinarski-Peretz

2010-01-01

98

The Relationship between Principal Leadership Skills and School-Wide Positive Behavior Support: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated key principal leadership skills associated with socially proactive school environments and examined the relationship between School-Wide Positive Behavior Support (SWPBS) implementation and increased evidence of those skills. Findings indicated the following: (a) certified staff members and principals from all schools rated…

Richter, Mary Miller; Lewis, Timothy J.; Hagar, John

2012-01-01

99

Positive Adjustment in Youth Post-Katrina: The Impact of Child and Maternal Social Support and Coping  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter presents results of a longitudinal study conducted with youth and their parents post-Katrina. The study sought\\u000a to identify both individual and family factors predictive of long-term positive adjustment in youth. Results indicated that\\u000a family factors, such as parent-provided social support and coping through family routines and support, were paramount in predicting\\u000a positive outcomes in youth 25–28 months post-Katrina.

Julia F. Vigna; Brittany C. Hernandez; Valerie Paasch; Arlene T. Gordon; Mary L. Kelley

100

The Impact of Family Resources, Control Coping, and Skill Utilization on the Development of Burnout: A Longitudinal Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental health workers (N= 122) provided information regarding burnout, coping styles, and resources in their work setting and their family. Resources from both work setting and family were found to be related to subsequent levels of burnout at a 6-month interval. A LISREL model testing procedure provided support for the hypothesis that each resource area, family, work setting, and coping

Michael P. Leiter

1990-01-01

101

Promoting children's positive intergroup attitudes towards stigmatized groups: Extended contact and multiple classification skills training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two studies were conducted to evaluate interventions, based upon the extended contact hypothesis and multiple classification skills training, which aimed to promote children's positive intergroup attitudes towards two stigmatized groups. Study 1 tested whether extended contact and multiple classification skills training changed out-group attitudes towards the disabled among 6—9 year-old children. Out-group attitudes were significantly more positive only in the

Lindsey Cameron; Adam Rutland; Rupert Brown

2007-01-01

102

Improving Coping Skills for Self-management of Treatment Side Effects Can Reduce Antiretroviral Medication Nonadherence among People Living with HIV  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) treatment side effects have a deleterious impact on treatment adherence, which is necessary\\u000a to optimize treatment outcomes including morbidity and mortality.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Purpose  To examine the effect of the Balance Project intervention, a five-session, individually delivered HIV treatment side effects\\u000a coping skills intervention on antiretroviral medication adherence.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  HIV+ men and women (N?=?249) on antiretroviral therapy (ART) with self-reported

Mallory O. Johnson; Samantha E. Dilworth; Jonelle M. Taylor; Torsten B. Neilands

2011-01-01

103

Teaching the Dance Class: Strategies to Enhance Skill Acquisition, Mastery and Positive Self-Image  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective teaching of dance skills is informed by a variety of theoretical frameworks and individual teaching and learning styles. The purpose of this paper is to present practical teaching strategies that enhance the mastery of skills and promote self-esteem, self-efficacy, and positive self-image. The predominant thinking and primary research findings from dance pedagogy, education, physical education and sport pedagogy, and

Lynda M. Mainwaring; Donna H. Krasnow

2010-01-01

104

Pain Coping Skills Training for Patients with Elevated Pain Catastrophizing who are Scheduled for Knee Arthroplasty: A Quasi-Experimental Study  

PubMed Central

Objectives To (1) describe a behavioral intervention designed for patients with elevated pain catastrophizing who are scheduled for knee arthroplasty, and (2) use a quasi-experimental design to evaluate the potential efficacy of the intervention on pain severity, catastrophizing cognitions, and disability. Design Quasi-experimental non-equivalent control group design with a 2 month follow-up. Setting Two university-based Orthopedic Surgery departments. Participants Adults scheduled for knee replacement surgery who reported elevated levels of pain catastrophizing. Patients were recruited from two clinics and were assessed prior to surgery and 2 months following surgery. Intervention A group of 18 patients received a psychologist directed pain coping skills training intervention comprising 8 sessions and the other group, a historical cohort of 45 patients, received usual care. Main Outcome Measures WOMAC Pain and Disability scores as well as scores on the Pain Catastrophizing Scale. Results Two months following surgery, the patients who received pain coping skills training reported significantly greater reductions in pain severity and catastrophizing, and greater improvements in function as compared to the usual care cohort. Conclusion Pain catastrophizing is known to increase risk of poor outcome following knee arthroplasty. The findings provide preliminary evidence that the treatment may be highly efficacious for reducing pain, catastrophizing, and disability, in patients reporting elevated catastrophizing prior to knee arthroplasty. A randomized clinical trial is warranted to confirm these effects.

Riddle, Daniel L.; Keefe, Francis J.; Nay, William T.; McKee, Daphne; Attarian, David E.; Jensen, Mark P.

2011-01-01

105

Too Much of a Good Thing?: Positive Religious Coping Predicts Worse Diurnal Salivary Cortisol Patterns for Overwhelmed African American Female Dementia Family Caregivers.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVES:: Religious coping arguably prevents negative health outcomes for stressed persons. This study examined the moderating role of religious coping (positive, negative, and combined) in the connection of care recipient functional status with diurnal salivary cortisol patterns among dementia family caregivers. METHODS:: Thirty African American (AA) female dementia caregivers and 48 AA noncaregivers completed the Religious Coping (RCOPE) scale, the Activities of Daily Living scale, and the Revised Memory and Behavior Problem Checklist (RMBPC) and collected five saliva samples daily (at awakening, 9 A.M., 12 P.M., 5 P.M., and 9 P.M.) for 2 straight days. RESULTS:: Hierarchical regression tests with mean diurnal cortisol slope as the outcome illustrated surprisingly that higher combined and positive (but not negative) RCOPE scores were associated with increasingly flatter or worse cortisol slope scores for caregivers (but not noncaregivers). Of note, the RCOPE by RMBPC interaction was significant. Among caregivers who reported higher RMBPC scores, higher combined and positive (but not negative) RCOPE scores were unexpectedly associated with increasingly flatter cortisol slopes. CONCLUSIONS:: These results extend current findings by showing that being AA, a caregiver, and high in positive religious coping may predict increased daily stress responses, mainly for those with higher patient behavioral problems. Because religious coping is a central coping strategy for AA caregivers, it is vital that epidemiologic assessments of religious coping in health and aging as well as tailored interventions focus on the unique reasons for this disparity. PMID:22992655

Merritt, Marcellus M; McCallum, T J

2012-09-18

106

Influence of Coping, Social Support, and Depression on Subjective Health Status Among HIV-Positive Adults With Different Sexual Identities  

PubMed Central

The authors examined associations between psychosocial variables (coping self-efficacy, social support, and cognitive depression) and subjective health status among a large national sample (N = 3,670) of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive persons with different sexual identities. After controlling for ethnicity, heterosexual men reported fewer symptoms than did either bisexual or gay men and heterosexual women reported fewer symptoms than did bisexual women. Heterosexual and bisexual women reported greater symptom intrusiveness than did heterosexual or gay men. Coping self-efficacy and cognitive depression independently explained symptom reports and symptom intrusiveness for heterosexual, gay, and bisexual men. Coping self-efficacy and cognitive depression explained symptom intrusiveness among heterosexual women. Cognitive depression significantly contributed to the number of symptom reports for heterosexual and bisexual women and to symptom intrusiveness for lesbian and bisexual women. Individuals likely experience HIV differently on the basis of sociocultural realities associated with sexual identity. Further, symptom intrusiveness may be a more sensitive measure of subjective health status for these groups.

Mosack, Katie E.; Weinhardt, Lance S.; Kelly, Jeffrey A.; Gore-Felton, Cheryl; McAuliffe, Timothy L.; Johnson, Mallory O.; Remien, Robert H.; Rotheram-Borus, Mary Jane; Ehrhardt, Anke A.; Chesney, Margaret A.; Morin, Stephen F.

2009-01-01

107

The Effects of Skill Demands and Object Position on the Distribution of Preferred Hand Reaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Performance-based measures of hand preference have been developed as an objective method of examining handedness. Previous research using this method by Bryden, Roy, and Mamolo (2003) showed that both skill demands and the position of the object in working space affect preferential hand reaching. Specifically, preferred hand reaches predominated…

Mamolo, Carla M.; Roy, Eric A.; Bryden, Pamela J.; Rohr, Linda E.

2004-01-01

108

New Paths to the Middle Class: Developing Social Skills Employing Positive Peer Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Positive Peer Culture (PPC), a school-based program for teaching social skills to adolescents, especially those in foster care or juvenile justice residential settings. Outlines problem types, discusses formal and informal group meetings and benefits of PPC (critical thinking, participatory democracy, real-world literacy, business…

Donlevy, James G.; Donlevy, Tia Rice

1995-01-01

109

New Paths to the Middle Class: Developing Social Skills Employing Positive Peer Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes Positive Peer Culture (PPC), a school-based program for teaching social skills to adolescents, especially those in foster care or juvenile justice residential settings. Outlines problem types, discusses formal and informal group meetings and benefits of PPC (critical thinking, participatory democracy, real-world literacy, business…

Donlevy, James G.; Donlevy, Tia Rice

1995-01-01

110

Learning and Teaching Positive Guidance Skills: Lessons from Early Childhood Practicum Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Empirical studies of early childhood educators' experiences with learning and implementing positive guidance skills are absent from the extant literature. This study explored this topic with 63 junior and senior level university students who were involved in concurrent instructional lecture and practicum experiences. Participants defined…

McFarland, Laura; Saunders, Rachel; Allen, Sydnye

2008-01-01

111

Assessment of dietitians' nutrition counselling self-efficacy and its positive relationship to reported skill usage  

PubMed Central

Background Previous studies on nutrition counselling self-efficacy assessed small groups of dietitians in focused practice areas or evaluated the effectiveness of skills training on only a few skills. This descriptive study developed a comprehensive scale to examine self-efficacy in a large, cross-sectional sample of practising dietitians in performing various counselling skills that promote dietary behaviour changes. Methods A valid and reliable instrument was developed and administered through the Internet to survey dietitians in the United States from various areas of dietetics and with varying years of experience. Items included counselling self-efficacy, skill usage, and counselling-related job characteristics. Of 612 respondents, one group (n=486) conducted counselling more than 50% of their work week; the other group (n=126) less than 50%. Factor analysis was used for scale development. Independent samples t-tests and chi-square tests were performed for group comparisons. Correlations and multiple regression analyses further assessed the relationships among variables. Results The resultant unidimensional scale contained 25 items. Dietitians reported high self-efficacy scores and frequent skill usage. Those who counsel more than 50% of their work week were more likely to work in outpatient settings and private practice; reported higher self-efficacy scores, and held longer and repeated sessions. Self-efficacy scores were positively correlated with counselling-related job characteristics. Years of counselling experience and skill usage significantly predicted self-efficacy scores. Conclusion Dietitians perceive themselves to be highly self-efficacious in using counselling skills which may contribute positively to their professional practice. However, the relationship between counselling self-efficacy and actual performance warrants future investigation.

Dollahite, Jamie

2010-01-01

112

The positive effects of early powered mobility on children's psychosocial and play skills.  

PubMed

Powered mobility can have an important cognitive and psychosocial impact on young children who are unable to move independently. Twenty-three children with physical disabilities between the ages of 18 months and 6 years participated in this study. Data evaluating social skills, frequency of mobility play activities, frequency of interaction with toys/objects, and play/verbal developmental levels were collected at wheelchair evaluation, wheelchair delivery, and approximately 6 months later. Significant increases were found in parental perceptions of positive social skills for younger children after receiving a wheelchair; slightly older children showed improvements in social skills before the wheelchair was received; no changes were found in negative social skills. Parental ratings also indicated a significantly greater difficulty remaining engaged in tasks after receiving a wheelchair. A significant increase was noted in the number of mobility activities during indoor free play but no difference was seen in interaction with toys or objects. Improvement in the qualitative level of outdoor interactive free play was reported but there was no change in verbal interactions. This article discusses the potential positive impact of early powered mobility. These findings may be helpful in justifying the recommendation of powered mobility to young children and in justifying medical necessity of powered mobility for reimbursement by third party payers. PMID:23527430

Guerette, Paula; Furumasu, Jan; Tefft, Donita

2013-01-01

113

Play and Healing: Therapeutic Recreation's Role in Coping with Grief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Camp Releaf, a weekend camp in North Carolina, uses therapeutic recreation to help children in grades K-8 develop positive coping skills for dealing with the recent death of a family member. The camp's therapeutic activities are described. Sidebars outline the nature of grief in different age groups and suggestions for working with grieving…

Sorensen, Beth; King, Kathryn

1999-01-01

114

An Experimental Test of a Cognitive Defusion Exercise: Coping with Negative and Positive Self-Statements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the impact of defusion on a nonclinical sample (n = 60) in the context of negative (e.g., "I am a bad person") and positive (e.g., "I am whole") self-statements. Participants were assigned to one of three experimental conditions (Pro-Defusion, Anti-Defusion, and Neutral) that manipulated instructions about the impact of a…

Healy, Hilary-Anne; Barnes-Holmes, Yvonne; Barnes-Holmes, Dermot; Keogh, Claire

2008-01-01

115

Effects of Commitment to Abstinence, Positive Moods, Stress, and Coping on Relapse to Cocaine Use  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a prospective study of 104 cocaine patients, a baseline assessment was conducted while Ss were in treatment. After treatment completion, Ss were assessed once a week for 12 weeks, then 6 months from study start. A goal of absolute abstinence, greater expected success in quitting, and positive moods predicted a lower risk of a lapse in the first 12

Sharon M. Hall; Barbara E. Havassy; David A. Wasserman

1991-01-01

116

Video-Based Coping Skills (VCS) to Reduce Health Risk and Improve Psychological and Physical Well-being in Alzheimer's Disease Family Caregivers  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine whether video-based coping skills (VCS) training with telephone coaching reduces psychosocial and biological markers of distress in primary caregivers of a relative with Alzheimer’s Disease or related dementia (ADRD) Methods A controlled clinical trial was conducted with 116 ADRD caregivers who were assigned, alternately as they qualified for the study, to a Wait List control condition or the VCS training arm in which they viewed two modules/week of a version of the Williams LifeSkills Video adapted for ADRD family care contexts, did the exercises and homework for each module presented in an accompanying Workbook, and received one telephone coaching call per week for five weeks on each week’s two modules. Questionnaire-assessed depressive symptoms, state and trait anger and anxiety, perceived stress, hostility, caregiver self-efficacy, salivary cortisol across the day and before and after a stress protocol, and blood pressure and heart rate during a stress protocol were assessed prior to VCS training, seven weeks after training was completed and at three and six months follow-up. Results Compared to controls, participants who received VCS training plus telephone coaching showed significantly greater improvements in depressive symptoms, trait anxiety, perceived stress, and average systolic and diastolic blood pressure that were maintained over the six-month follow-up period. Conclusions VCS training augmented by telephone coaching reduced psychosocial and biological indicators of distress in ADRD caregivers. Future studies should determine the long-term benefits to mental and physical health from this intervention.

Williams, Virginia P.; Bishop-Fitzpatrick, Lauren; Lane, James D.; Gwyther, Lisa P.; Ballard, Edna L.; Vendittelli, Analise P.; Hutchins, Tiffany C.; Williams, Redford B.

2010-01-01

117

The Yellow Brick Road and the Emerald City: Benefit Finding, Positive Reappraisal Coping, and Posttraumatic Growth in Women With Early-Stage Breast Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Predictors and outcomes of benefit finding, positive reappraisal coping, and posttraumatic growth were examined using interviews and questionnaires from a longitudinal study of women with early-stage breast cancer followed from primary medical treatment completion to 3 (n = 92) and 12 months (n = 60) later. Most women (83%) reported at least 1 benefit of their breast cancer experience. Benefit

Sharon R. Sears; Annette L. Stanton; Sharon Danoff-Burg

2003-01-01

118

Meta-analysis of age and skill effects on recalling chess positions and selecting the best move.  

PubMed

A meta-analysis was conducted of studies that measured the effects of both age and skill in chess on the tasks of selecting the best move for chess positions (the best move task) as well as recalling chess game positions (the recall task). Despite a small sample of studies, we demonstrated that there are age and skill effects on both tasks: age being negatively associated with performance on both tasks and skill being positively associated with performance on both tasks. On the best move task, we found that skill was the dominant effect, while on the recall task, skill and age were approximately equally strong effects. We also found that skill was best measured by the best move task. In the case of the best move task, this result is consistent with the argument that it accurately replicates expert performance (Ericsson & Smith, 1991). Results for the recall task argue that this task captures effects related to skill, but also effects likely due to a general aging process. Implications for our understanding of aging in skilled domains are also discussed. PMID:23508364

Moxley, Jerad H; Charness, Neil

2013-03-19

119

The positive impact of a facilitated peer mentoring program on academic skills of women faculty  

PubMed Central

Background In academic medicine, women physicians lag behind their male counterparts in advancement and promotion to leadership positions. Lack of mentoring, among other factors, has been reported to contribute to this disparity. Peer mentoring has been reported as a successful alternative to the dyadic mentoring model for women interested in improving their academic productivity. We describe a facilitated peer mentoring program in our institution's department of medicine. Methods Nineteen women enrolled in the program were divided into 5 groups. Each group had an assigned facilitator. Members of the respective groups met together with their facilitators at regular intervals during the 12 months of the project. A pre- and post-program evaluation consisting of a 25-item self-assessment of academic skills, self-efficacy, and academic career satisfaction was administered to each participant. Results At the end of 12 months, a total of 9 manuscripts were submitted to peer-reviewed journals, 6 of which are in press or have been published, and another 2 of which have been invited to be revised and resubmitted. At the end of the program, participants reported an increase in their satisfaction with academic achievement (mean score increase, 2.32 to 3.63; P = 0.0001), improvement in skills necessary to effectively search the medical literature (mean score increase, 3.32 to 4.05; P = 0.0009), an improvement in their ability to write a comprehensive review article (mean score increase, 2.89 to 3.63; P = 0.0017), and an improvement in their ability to critically evaluate the medical literature (mean score increased from 3.11 to 3.89; P = 0.0008). Conclusions This facilitated peer mentoring program demonstrated a positive impact on the academic skills and manuscript writing for junior women faculty. This 1-year program required minimal institutional resources, and suggests a need for further study of this and other mentoring programs for women faculty.

2012-01-01

120

Evaluating Child Coping Competence: Theory and Measurement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of the research on children’s coping styles is based on a downward extension of adult coping theories. In a departure\\u000a from this approach, coping competence theory seeks to account for children’s ability to cope with daily challenges on the\\u000a basis of developmental research. The theory, which states that challenges call for distinct coping skills in the affective, social, and

Angela D. Moreland; Jean E. Dumas

2008-01-01

121

Caregiver-assisted coping skills training for patients with COPD: background, design, and methodological issues for the INSPIRE-II study  

PubMed Central

Background Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a progressive illness characterized by airflow obstruction and dyspnea that afflicts over 12 million people and represents a leading cause of death in the United States. Not surprisingly, COPD is often associated with emotional distress and reduced psychosocial adjustment, which can negatively impact physical functioning and impair quality of life. However, the psychosocial consequences of COPD remain largely untreated. A previous randomized trial from our research team demonstrated that coping skills training (CST) can improve pulmonary-specific quality of life among pulmonary patients awaiting lung transplant (the INSPIRE study). To date, however, no studies have examined the effects of a caregiver-assisted CST intervention in patients with COPD with less severe disease. Purpose INSPIRE II is a randomized clinical trial (RCT) funded by the NHLBI to evaluate the effects of telephone-based enhanced CST for patients with COPD and their caregivers compared to standardized medical care (SMC) including COPD education and symptom monitoring on medical outcomes, physical functioning, and quality of life. Methods Six hundred COPD patients and their respective caregivers recruited from Duke University and Ohio State University will be evaluated and randomized (in a 1:1 ratio) to enhanced CST (including sessions promoting physical activity, relaxation, cognitive restructuring, communication skills, and problem solving) or to SMC. The primary outcomes include all-cause mortality, COPD-related hospitalizations/ physician visits, and quality of life. These endpoints will be measured through self-report questionnaires, behavioral measures of functional capacity (i.e., accelerometer and six minute walk test) and pulmonary function tests (e.g., FEV1). Results This article reviews prior studies in the area and describes the design of INSPIRE-II. Several key methodological issues are discussed including the delivery of CST over the telephone, encouraging physical activity, and inclusion of caregivers as patient coaches to enhance the effectiveness of the intervention. Limitations We recognize that SMC does not adequately control for attention, support, and non-specific factors, and that, in theory, non-specific effects of the intervention could account for some, or all, of the observed benefits. However, our fundamental question is whether the telephone intervention produces benefits over-and-above the usual care that patients typically receive. The SMC condition will provide education and additional weekly telephone contact, albeit less than the attention received by the CST group. We recognize that this attention control condition may not provide equivalent patient contact, but it will minimize group differences due to attention. We considered several alternative designs including adding a third usual care only arm as well as an education only control arm. However, these alternatives would require more patients, reduce the power to detect significant effects of our primary medical endpoints, and add a significant additional expense to the cost of the study that would make such an undertaking neither scientifically or financially viable. Conclusions We believe that this novel approach to patient care in which caregivers are used to assist in the delivery of coping skills training to patients with COPD has the potential to change the way in which COPD patients are routinely managed in order to reduce distress, enhance quality of life, and potentially improve medical outcomes.

Blumenthal, James A; Keefe, Francis J; Babyak, Michael A; Fenwick, C Virginia; Johnson, Julie M; Stott, Kylie; Funk, Rachel K; McAdams, Meredith J; Palmer, Scott; Martinu, Tereza; Baucom, Don; Diaz, Philip T; Emery, Charles F

2009-01-01

122

The Influence of Personality Disorder Indication, Social Support, and Grief on Alcohol and Cocaine Use among HIV-Positive Adults Coping with AIDS-Related Bereavement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance use is prevalent among HIV-positive adults and linked to a number of adverse health consequences; however little\\u000a is known about risk and protective factors that influence substance use among HIV-positive adults coping with AIDS-related\\u000a bereavement. Using structural equation modeling (SEM), male gender, diagnostic indications of antisocial and borderline personality\\u000a disorders (PD), and grief severity were tested as risk factors,

Nathan B. Hansen; Courtenay E. Cavanaugh; Ellen L. Vaughan; Christian M. Connell; David C. Tate; Kathleen J. Sikkema

2009-01-01

123

Reductions in alcohol and cocaine use following a group coping intervention for HIV-positive adults with childhood sexual abuse histories  

PubMed Central

Aim Few interventions exist to reduce alcohol and non-injection drug use among people living with HIV/AIDS. This study tested the effects of a coping group intervention for HIV-positive adults with childhood sexual abuse histories on alcohol, cocaine, and marijuana use. Design Participants were randomly assigned to the experimental coping group or a time-matched comparison support group. Both interventions were delivered in a group format over 15 weekly 90-minute sessions. Methods A diverse sample of 247 HIV-positive men and women with childhood sexual abuse were recruited in New York City. Substance use was assessed pre- and post-intervention and every 4 months during a 1-year follow-up period. Using an intent-to-treat analyses, longitudinal changes in substance use by condition were assessed using generalized estimating equations. Results At baseline, 41% of participants drank alcohol, 26% used cocaine, and 26% used marijuana. Relative to participants in the support group, those in the coping group had greater reductions in quantity of alcohol use (Wald ?2(4)= 10.77, p< .05) and any cocaine use (Wald ?2(4)= 9.81, p< .05). Conclusion Many HIV patients, particularly those with childhood sexual abuse histories, continue to abuse substances. This group intervention that addressed coping with HIV and sexual trauma was effective in reducing alcohol and cocaine use, with effects sustained at 12-month follow-up. Integrating mental health treatment into HIV prevention may improve outcomes.

Meade, Christina S.; Drabkin, Anya S.; Hansen, Nathan B.; Wilson, Patrick A.; Kochman, Arlene; Sikkema, Kathleen J.

2010-01-01

124

Positive Coping Up and Down-Regulates in vitro Cytokine Productions from T Cells Dependent on Stress Levels  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Specific coping styles have been shown to modulate stress-induced immune alterations and influence actual health outcomes. This study examined the effects of stressors and coping styles on human T-cell subpopulations and in vitro cytokine production using a cross-sectional design. Methods: Seventy-one men (18–60 years old) were asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire that evaluates quantitative workload, mental demand and

Shotaro Sakami; Masaharu Maeda; Takayuki Maruoka; Akinori Nakata; Gen Komaki; Noriyuki Kawamura

2004-01-01

125

Foveal and peripheral fields of vision influences perceptual skill in anticipating opponents' attacking position in volleyball.  

PubMed

The importance of perceptual-cognitive expertise in sport has been repeatedly demonstrated. In this study we examined the role of different sources of visual information (i.e., foveal versus peripheral) in anticipating volleyball attack positions. Expert (n = 11), advanced (n = 13) and novice (n = 16) players completed an anticipation task that involved predicting the location of volleyball attacks. Video clips of volleyball attacks (n = 72) were spatially and temporally occluded to provide varying amounts of information to the participant. In addition, participants viewed the attacks under three visual conditions: full vision, foveal vision only, and peripheral vision only. Analysis of variance revealed significant between group differences in prediction accuracy with higher skilled players performing better than lower skilled players. Additionally, we found significant differences between temporal and spatial occlusion conditions. Both of those factors interacted separately, but not combined with expertise. Importantly, for experts the sum of both fields of vision was superior to either source in isolation. Our results suggest different sources of visual information work collectively to facilitate expert anticipation in time-constrained sports and reinforce the complexity of expert perception. PMID:23775537

Schorer, Jörg; Rienhoff, Rebecca; Fischer, Lennart; Baker, Joseph

2013-09-01

126

Informal science participation positively affects the communication and pedagogical skills of university physics students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many undergraduate and graduate physics students choose to participate in an informal science program at the University of Colorado Boulder (Partnerships for Informal Science Education in the Community (PISEC)). They coach elementary and middle school students in inquiry-based physics activities during weekly, afterschool sessions. Observations from the afterschool sessions, field notes from the students, and pre/post surveys are collected. University students are also pre/post- videotaped explaining a textbook passage on a physics concept to an imagined audience for the Communications in Everyday Language assessment (CELA). We present findings from these data that indicate informal experiences improve the communication and pedagogical skills of the university student as well as positively influence their self-efficacy as scientific communicators and teachers.

Hinko, Kathleen; Finkelstein, Noah

2013-04-01

127

Coping Strategies Inventory for Statistics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Coping Strategies Inventory for Statistics (CSIS) is designed to identify beginning statistics students with non-facilitative test-taking and study-coping skills. The self-administered CSIS consists of directions followed by two scenarios. The student reads each scenario, decides how he or she would react to the situation, and rates each of…

Jarrell, Michele G.; Burry, Judith A.

128

Emotion and automaticity: Impact of positive and negative emotions on novice and experienced performance of a sensorimotor skill  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attention was directed towards negative, neutral, and positive word stimuli to explore the effect of emotions on sensorimotor skill performance. Forty novice and 40 experienced basketballers simultaneously completed a free-throw shooting task and a secondary word semantics task. A manipulation check confirmed that the secondary task influenced participants' feelings. Both groups responded faster to neutral and positive words than negative

Robyn Vast; Robyn Young; Patrick R. Thomas

2011-01-01

129

Cultural and Gender Differences in Perceptions of Stressors and Coping Skills: A Study of Western and African College Students in China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Tests the universal nature of stress and coping behavior among overseas college students in China and provides basic information towards understanding the problems that result from stress and coping which can best be defined in cultural terms. Results indicated that academic and interpersonal sources of stress were the most common Stressors…

Hashim, Ismail Hussein

2003-01-01

130

Cultural and Gender Differences in Perceptions of Stressors and Coping Skills: A Study of Western and African College Students in China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tests the universal nature of stress and coping behavior among overseas college students in China and provides basic information towards understanding the problems that result from stress and coping which can best be defined in cultural terms. Results indicated that academic and interpersonal sources of stress were the most common Stressors…

Hashim, Ismail Hussein

2003-01-01

131

Outcomes from a Randomized Controlled Trial of a Group Intervention for HIV Positive Men and Women Coping with AIDS-Related Loss and Bereavement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a group coping intervention for HIV-positive men and women who have lost a loved one(s) to AIDS in the past 2 years. Two hundred thirty-five participants, diverse with respect to race/ethnicity and sexual orientation, were randomly assigned to a 12-week cognitive-behavioral group intervention…

Sikkema, Kathleen J.; Hansen, Nathan B.; Kochman, Arlene; Tate, David C.; DiFranceisco, Wayne

2004-01-01

132

Outcomes from a Randomized Controlled Trial of a Group Intervention for HIV Positive Men and Women Coping with AIDS-Related Loss and Bereavement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a group coping intervention for HIV-positive men and women who have lost a loved one(s) to AIDS in the past 2 years. Two hundred thirty-five participants, diverse with respect to race/ethnicity and sexual orientation, were randomly assigned to a 12-week cognitive-behavioral group intervention…

Sikkema, Kathleen J.; Hansen, Nathan B.; Kochman, Arlene; Tate, David C.; DiFranceisco, Wayne

2004-01-01

133

OUTCOMES FROM A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL OF A GROUP INTERVENTION FOR HIV POSITIVE MEN AND WOMEN COPING WITH AIDS-RELATED LOSS AND BEREAVEMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a group coping intervention for HIV-positive men and women who have lost a loved one(s) to AIDS in the past 2 years. Two hundred thirty-five participants, diverse with respect to race\\/ethnicity and sexual orientation, were randomly assigned to a 12-week cognitive-behavioral group intervention or to an individual therapy on

KATHLEEN J. SIKKEMA; NATHAN B. HANSEN; ARLENE KOCHMAN; DAVID C. TATE; WAYNE DIFRANCEISCO

2004-01-01

134

Sex and age differences in coping styles among children with chronic pain.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to examine sex and age differences in coping strategies among pediatric patients with chronic pain. Sex differences are reported in the adult pain and coping literatures, but little attention has been given to possible distinctions in coping styles in the pediatric chronic pain population. Investigating pain coping skills at an early age may provide clinicians with a better understanding of the evolution of characteristic coping styles and identify areas for intervention. Pain intensity (Visual Analog Scale), pain coping strategies (Pain Coping Questionnaire), and coping efficacy were assessed in children (ages 8-12 years) and adolescents (ages 13-18 years), presenting to a pediatric chronic pain clinic (n=272). Significant sex differences in coping strategies were found. After controlling for pain intensity, girls used social support seeking more than boys, while boys used more behavioral distraction techniques. Adolescents engaged in more positive self-statements (a cognitive strategy) than children. Both boys and girls showed a trend toward pain coping efficacy being negatively correlated with average pain intensity. For girls, pain coping efficacy was also significantly negatively correlated with internalizing/catastrophizing. However, no sex or age differences in coping efficacy were found. This study demonstrates the early emergence of sex- and aged-based preferences in coping strategies among children and adolescents with chronic pain. The findings establish a basis for further research on early social influences in the development of pain coping styles in males and females. Implications for further clinical research in this area are discussed. PMID:17280926

Lynch, Anne M; Kashikar-Zuck, Susmita; Goldschneider, Kenneth R; Jones, Benjamin A

2007-02-01

135

Does being friendly help in making friends? The relation between the social position and social skills of pupils with special needs in mainstream education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pupils with special needs can have difficulties in building relationships with peers in inclusive education. An important condition for developing positive relationships with peers is having the age?group appropriate social skills. It seems likely that pupils with an insufficient set of social skills face a larger risk of being excluded. This study describes the social skills of pupils with special

Per Frostad; Sip Jan Pijl

2007-01-01

136

Improving the Social Proficiency of Art and Music Students through the Use of Specifically Taught Positive Social Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This action research project developed a program for improving the social proficiency of art and music students through the use of specifically taught positive social skills. The targeted population consisted of fifth-grade students from two different elementary school districts. Both schools were located in middle class suburban communities near…

Ciaburri, Chris; White, Jeannette T.

137

Developing teaching assistants’ skills in positive behaviour management: an application of Video Interaction Guidance in a secondary school  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports an action research project in a school in the UK designed to investigate the impact of a brief Video Interaction Guidance (VIG) intervention in promoting skills of non-teaching staff in positive behaviour management. A summary of the literature in relation to VIG is provided before describing the project and data collected. Ten teaching assistants (TAs) from a

Ben Hayes; Sally Richardson; Sarah Hindle; Katy Grayson

2011-01-01

138

The Relationship between Socio-demographic Characteristics, Family Environment, and Caregiver Coping in Families of Children with Cancer.  

PubMed

The factors that influence caregiver coping mechanism preferences after a child's diagnosis with cancer are not fully understood. This study examines the relationship between caregivers' socio-demographic characteristics and the coping strategies they use to adapt to childhood cancer. Sixty caregivers of pediatric cancer patients completed a socio-demographic questionnaire, the Family Environment Scale, and the COPE inventory. There were no significant differences in family environment by income or education. Caregiver educational attainment was positively associated with use of planning and active coping styles, while income was not associated with caregiver coping style. Mothers were more likely than fathers to use active coping, instrumental support, religious coping, and emotional support. Men with lower education engaged in greater substance use coping and lower planning. The findings show that educational attainment and caregiver gender influence caregiver coping styles following a pediatric cancer diagnosis and suggest that educational attainment rather than financial resources drive the association between SES and coping. Programs that address educational gaps and teach caregivers planning and active coping skills may be beneficial for parents with lower educational attainment, particularly men. PMID:23670676

Gage-Bouchard, Elizabeth A; Devine, Katie A; Heckler, Charles E

2013-05-14

139

Outcomes from a randomized controlled trial of a group intervention for HIV positive men and women coping with AIDS-related loss and bereavement.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a group coping intervention for HIV-positive men and women who have lost a loved one(s) to AIDS in the past 2 years. Two hundred thirty-five participants, diverse with respect to race/ethnicity and sexual orientation, were randomly assigned to a 12-week cognitive-behavioral group intervention or to an individual therapy on request comparison condition. Measures assessing grief and psychiatric distress were administered at baseline and 2 weeks post-intervention period. Although a strong gender effect was observed in outcome, both men and women participating in the group intervention demonstrated significantly more reduction in psychiatric distress than controls. Further, women in the group intervention demonstrated significant reductions in grief and depressive symptoms over men in both conditions and women in the comparison condition. Brief cognitive-behavioral group interventions for coping with grief have a positive impact on the psychiatric functioning of HIV-positive participants. This appears to be especially true for HIV-positive women; a group not previously focused on in clinical research related to AIDS bereavement. PMID:15053030

Sikkema, Kathleen J; Hansen, Nathan B; Kochman, Arlene; Tate, David C; Difranceisco, Wayne

140

Nonfunctional overreaching during off-season training for skill position players in collegiate American football.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to determine the performance and hormonal responses to a 15-week off-season training program for American football. Nine skill position players from a National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I-A football team participated as subjects in this study. Following 4 weeks of weight training (phase I), subjects performed weight training concurrently with high-volume conditioning drills (phase II). Phase III consisted of 15 spring football practice sessions executed over a 30-day period. Performance and hormonal changes were assessed prior to phase I, and following phases I, II, and III. Maximal strength was significantly increased (p < 0.05) for all strength tests during phase I. Squat and power clean values decreased following phase II (p < 0.05), with all values returning to baseline upon completion of phase III. Sprinting speed significantly worsened during phase I (p < 0.05), but then returned to baseline during phase III. Vertical jump and agility improved during phase I (p < 0.05), with vertical jump remaining unchanged for the duration of the study and agility returning to baseline following phase II. Testosterone levels decreased during phase II (p < 0.05) prior to returning to baseline levels during phase III. Cortisol and the testosterone/cortisol ratio remained unchanged during the course of the investigation. Even though overtraining did not occur in the current investigation, a significant maladaptation in performance did occur subsequent to phase II. For this particular athletic population, a strength and conditioning program utilizing a reduced training volume-load may prove more effective for improving performance in the future. PMID:17685717

Moore, Christopher A; Fry, Andrew C

2007-08-01

141

Positive Peer Culture with German Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children and youth develop the ability to surmount difficult life challenges through a combination of external supports and internal strengths. Positive peers can contribute substantially to growth in resilient coping and problem-solving skills. Positive Peer Culture (PPC) programs are designed to strengthen supportive social bonds, competence,…

Steinebach, Christoph; Steinebach, Ursula

2009-01-01

142

Measuring Effects of a Skills Training Intervention for Drug Abusers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A test was conducted of a supplemental skills training and social-network-development aftercare program with 130 drug abusers from four residential therapeutic communities. The intervention produced positive effects on subjects' performance at the conclusion of treatment. Performance improved in situations involving avoidance of drug use, coping

Hawkins, J. David; And Others

1986-01-01

143

Positive Interdependence, Academic and Collaborative-Skills Group Contingencies and Isolated Students. Revision.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The effects were investigated of (a) opportunity to interact with classmates, (b) positive goal interdependence, (c) positive goal and positive reward interdependence, and (d) positive goal and reward interdependence with an added contingency for the use ...

M. Lew D. Mesch D. W. Johnson R. Johnson

1985-01-01

144

Sexual Protection Behavior in HIV-Positive Gay Men: Testing a Modified Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study on determinants of sexual protection behavior among HIV-positive gay men used the empirically tested information-motivation-behavioral\\u000a skills (IMB) model. HIV-specific variables were added to the model to determine factors decisive for condom use with steady\\u000a and casual partners. Data were collected using an anonymous, standardized self-administered questionnaire. Study participants\\u000a were recruited at HIV outpatient clinics associated with the Eurosupport

Christiana NostlingerSibylle; Sibylle Nideröst; Tom Platteau; Matthias C. Müller; Danica Staneková; Daniel Gredig; Christophe Roulin; Martin Rickenbach; Robert Colebunders

2011-01-01

145

Competence, Persistence, and Success: The Positive Psychology of Behavioral Skill Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early school failure is a critical factor in the development of peer rejection and antisocial behavior in children. This paper describes three sets of instructional strategies that have been shown to promote high levels of academic competence by arranging frequent opportunities for correct skill practice: (a) teaching children at their…

Martens, Brian K.; Witt, Joseph C.

2004-01-01

146

THE DUALITY OF SOCIAL SKILLS AS A PREMISE FOR POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE COMPETITION AMONG TEENAGERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to identify, describe and substantiate a relation of social skills of teenagers and a tendency to offence as a negative competition in the contemporary society. Interpretative phenomenology, according Willig (2001), was chosen as a method for data analysis. The study revealed that in most cases teenagers do not have proper capabilities which are accepted

Paulius Skiecevicius; Vilma Zydziunaite

147

The Positive Effects of Early Powered Mobility on Children's Psychosocial and Play Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Powered mobility can have an important cognitive and psychosocial impact on young children who are unable to move independently. Twenty-three children with physical disabilities between the ages of 18 months and 6 years participated in this study. Data evaluating social skills, frequency of mobility play activities, frequency of interaction with…

Guerette, Paula; Furumasu, Jan; Tefft, Donita

2013-01-01

148

The Positive Effects of Early Powered Mobility on Children's Psychosocial and Play Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Powered mobility can have an important cognitive and psychosocial impact on young children who are unable to move independently. Twenty-three children with physical disabilities between the ages of 18 months and 6 years participated in this study. Data evaluating social skills, frequency of mobility play activities, frequency of interaction with…

Guerette, Paula; Furumasu, Jan; Tefft, Donita

2013-01-01

149

Online Databases in the History Curriculum: Encouraging Historical Thinking Skills and Positive Discussion Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How can students use technology as a tool to further learning in the classroom? How can an online database discussion improve participation and encourage historical thinking skills for all students? How can FileMaker Pro help students transcend the constraints of classroom time and space to facilitate a more global design of classroom discussion?…

Rhodes, Sara

150

Online Databases in the History Curriculum: Encouraging Historical Thinking Skills and Positive Discussion Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|How can students use technology as a tool to further learning in the classroom? How can an online database discussion improve participation and encourage historical thinking skills for all students? How can FileMaker Pro help students transcend the constraints of classroom time and space to facilitate a more global design of classroom discussion?…

Rhodes, Sara

151

The Positive Effects of Early Powered Mobility on Children's Psychosocial and Play Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

Powered mobility can have an important cognitive and psychosocial impact on young children who are unable to move independently. Twenty-three children with physical disabilities between the ages of 18 months and 6 years participated. Data evaluating social skills, frequency of mobility play activities, frequency of interaction with toys\\/objects, and play\\/verbal developmental levels were collected at wheelchair evaluation, wheelchair delivery and

Paula Guerette; Jan Furumasu; Donita Tefft

2012-01-01

152

Neurological function, information-motivation-behavioral skills factors, and risk behaviors among HIV-positive alcohol users.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to examine neurological impairment in combination with information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) variables. The study tests the role of IMB variables as mediators of antecedent variables of demographics, life stress, social support, and neurological impairment with outcome measures of HIV preventive and risk behaviors in a sample of HIV-positive, alcohol-using adults (n = 250) with a history of alcohol abuse/dependence. Neurological impairment was measured with the Color Trails Test (CTT). Average performance on the CTT by the sample was substantially worse than established norms. In a directional latent variable model, neurological impairment directly predicted lower transmission knowledge scores and poorer performance on an observational condom skills assessment. Greater neurological impairment was significantly associated with greater age. Future interventions geared toward HIV+ adults who use alcohol should take into consideration HIV-related and age-related neurological functioning which may impede the facilitation of safe sex behaviors. PMID:22767030

Malow, Robert M; Dévieux, Jessy G; Stein, Judith A; Rosenberg, Rhonda; Lerner, Brenda G; Attonito, Jennifer; Villalba, Karina

2012-11-01

153

Integrating psychoeducation in a basic computer skills course for people suffering from social anxiety: participants' experiences  

PubMed Central

We describe a psychoeducational program integrated in a basic computer skills course for participants suffering from social anxiety. The two main aims of the course were: that the participants learn basic computer skills, and that the participants learn to cope better with social anxiety. Computer skills were taught by a qualified teacher. Psychoeducation and cognitive therapy skills, including topics such as anxiety coping, self-accept, and self-regulation, were taught by a clinical psychologist. Thirteen of 16 participants completed the course, which lasted 11 weeks. A qualitative analysis was performed, drawing on observations during the course and on interviews with the participants. The participants were positive about the integration of psychoeducation sessions in the computer course, and described positive outcomes for both elements, including improved computer skills, improved self-esteem, and reduced social anxiety. Most participants were motivated to undertake further occupational rehabilitation after the course.

Lohr, Hildegard D; Rosenvinge, Jan H; Wynn, Rolf

2011-01-01

154

Mindful coping for adolescents: beneficial or confusing  

Microsoft Academic Search

As adolescence is a vulnerable transition phase, especially regarding the development of psychological symptoms, interventions promoting mental health for this age group have been called for. The “Conscious Coping” program (CC) is an intervention based on coping skills from Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, including reappraisal and emotion regulation strategies, and mindfulness practices. The aim of this study is to evaluate the

Kjersti Tharaldsen

2012-01-01

155

Romantic Partners' Individual Coping Strategies and Dyadic Coping: Implications for Relationship Functioning  

PubMed Central

Individual coping strategies and dyadic coping independently predict partner well-being and relationship functioning; however, it is unclear whether the coping processes are inter-related and whether they uniquely contribute to romantic relationship functioning. One hundred heterosexual dating couples rated the individual coping strategy of negative mood regulation as well as positive and negative dyadic coping. Relationship functioning was assessed via partners’ reports of relationship satisfaction and observers’ ratings of negative interaction in conflict. Actor-Partner Interdependence Models (APIMs; Cook & Kenny, 2005; Kashy & Kenny, 2000) revealed associations between individual coping and dyadic coping in the predicted directions. APIMs also indicated the unique contributions of positive and negative dyadic coping to relationship functioning, above and beyond contributions of individual coping strategies. Implications of dyadic coping as a target of efforts to prevent or treat partner and/or relational distress are discussed.

Papp, Lauren M.; Witt, Nicole L.

2011-01-01

156

Comparing Old and Young Adults as They Cope with Life Transitions: The Links between Social Network Management Skills and Attachment Style to Depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

Smaller social networks are associated with poorer health and well-being, especially as people negotiate life transitions. Many older adults, however, tend to have smaller networks, without the expected negative outcomes. To understand better how older adults avoid such outcomes we measured social network management skills, attachment style, and depression among individuals going through a life transition. Older adults who recently

Omri Gillath; David Kevin Johnson; Emre Selcuk; Cynthia Teel

2011-01-01

157

Anger Management 2: Counselors Strategies and Skills. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many different strategies and skills for anger management intervention have been tried and tested. Some of the most empirically supported interventions are cognitive-behavioral interventions including relaxation coping skills, cognitive interventions, behavioral coping and social skills training, and problem-solving skills training. This digest…

Hogan, Eileen K.

158

An online positive parenting skills programme for paediatric traumatic brain injury: feasibility and parental satisfaction.  

PubMed

We examined the feasibility of and parental satisfaction with a training programme for parents with children who had suffered traumatic brain injury (TBI). Families who did not have a home computer and/or webcam were loaned the necessary equipment. Skype was used for videoconferencing. After the initial treatment session in the family's home, the remaining nine sessions were conducted online. Each session had two parts: (1) a self-guided web session with information about a particular skill; (2) a videoconference session with the therapist. Three of the 20 families (15%) dropped out prior to the final 6-month follow-up visit. Of the remaining 17 families, 13 (65% of those enrolled) completed 9-14 sessions. Almost all of the caregivers (87%) said that the Skype sessions were helpful compared to a conventional office visit. Almost all parents were satisfied with the programme and the technology that was used. Parental satisfaction with the programme was not influenced by prior computer ownership or comfort with technology. The programme appears to be feasible for a wide range of parents of children with TBI and provides an alternative to conventional office-based sessions that may not be accessible to all families. PMID:22941332

Antonini, Tanya N; Raj, Stacey P; Oberjohn, Karen S; Wade, Shari L

2012-09-01

159

Coping by Caring.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a Texas elementary school's efforts to cope with the special needs of Kenneth, a fourth grader slowly dying of kidney cancer. Besides learning their subjects like other students, Kenneth's classmates learned how to care. Every student volunteered to be Kenneth's assistant and was enriched by the boy's positive attitude and determination…

Lidstone, Sheila S.

1992-01-01

160

Elite firefighter/first responder mindsets and outcome coping efficacy.  

PubMed

The present study examined coping strategies used by firefighters, the relationship between appraisals and coping strategies used, and the relationship between transitional coping strategies used and outcome coping efficacy for mental preparedness. Firefighter coping strategies of problem focused coping and seeking social support were found to have positive significant relationships to outcome coping efficacy, after transitioning from one critical incident to a second. The coping strategies of blamed self wishful thinking, and avoidance appear to have a negative significant relationship to outcome coping efficacy. Additionally, the appraisals of challenge and positive reappraisal to meet the challenge appear to have a positive significant relationship to problem focused coping and seeking social support. These findings on outcome coping efficacy may be of help to firefighters for rehabilitative efforts after traumatic incidents when used in the Peer Support Review intervention model. PMID:23980491

Dowdall-Thomae, Cynthia; Gilkey, John; Larson, Wanda; Arend-Hicks, Rebecca

2012-01-01

161

Life Events, Coping, and Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms among Chinese Adolescents Exposed to 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake, China  

PubMed Central

Purpose To examine the relationship between negative life events, coping styles, and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among adolescent survivors exposed to 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake, China. Methods A survey was conducted in a sample of 2250 adolescent students from two schools in Dujiangyan District, a seriously damaged area, 20 kilometers away from the epicenter, 6 months after the earthquake. Participants completed a self-administered questionnaire including demographics, negative life events, coping styles, and PTSD symptoms. Results Academic pressure was the strongest predictor of adolescents' PTSD symptoms among all negative life events. Main effects of negative life events, positive coping and negative coping on PTSD symptoms were significant in both younger adolescents and older adolescents, while the moderator effects of two coping styles were found significant only within older adolescents. Conclusions Coping may play a role to moderate the relationship between post-earthquake negative life events and PTSD symptom, but the function seems to depend on the age of participants. Psychosocial coping skills training may be important in the prevention and intervention of mental health problems in adolescent survivors of traumatic earthquake.

Zheng, Yuhong; Fan, Fang; Liu, Xianchen; Mo, Lei

2012-01-01

162

Coping and sickness absence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives  The aim of this study is to examine the role of coping styles in sickness absence. In line with findings that contrast the\\u000a reactive–passive focused strategies, problem-solving strategies are generally associated with positive results in terms of\\u000a well-being and overall health outcomes; our hypothesis is that such strategies are positively related to a low frequency of\\u000a sickness absence and with

Willem van Rhenen; Wilmar B. Schaufeli; Frank J. H. van Dijk; Roland W. B. Blonk

2008-01-01

163

Reading by Radio: A Position Paper on the Use of Radio in Teaching Reading Skills for Educational Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper discusses the importance of language skills for developing country educational development and the usefulness and appropriateness of radio in advancing these skills. As a tool in the general educational process, radio possesses several advantag...

M. Imhoof

1981-01-01

164

Gender and Age Differences in How Children Cope with Daily Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The study of coping among students accounts for an interesting subject, as having coping skills guarantees a healthy lifestyle and quality of life. The present study aims to analyze the role played by age and gender on the coping strategies used by Andalusian school students to cope with situations of daily stress. These situations…

Morales Rodriguez, Francisco Manuel; Trianes Torres, Maria Victoria; Miranda Paez, Jesus

2012-01-01

165

Coping and sickness absence  

PubMed Central

Objectives The aim of this study is to examine the role of coping styles in sickness absence. In line with findings that contrast the reactive–passive focused strategies, problem-solving strategies are generally associated with positive results in terms of well-being and overall health outcomes; our hypothesis is that such strategies are positively related to a low frequency of sickness absence and with short lengths (total number of days absent) and durations (mean duration per spell). Methods Using a prospective design, employees’ (N = 3,628) responses on a self-report coping inventory are used to predict future registered sickness absence (i.e. frequency, length, duration, and median time before the onset of a new sick leave period). Results and conclusions In accordance with our hypothesis, and after adjustment for potential confounders, employees with an active problem-solving coping strategy are less likely to drop out because of sickness absence in terms of frequency, length (longer than 14 days), and duration (more than 7 days) of sickness absence. This positive effect is observed in the case of seeking social support only for the duration of sickness absence and in the case of palliative reaction only for the length and frequency of absence. In contrast, an avoidant coping style, representing a reactive–passive strategy, increases the likelihood of frequent absences significantly, as well as the length and duration of sickness absence. Expression of emotions, representing another reactive–passive strategy, has no effect on future sickness absenteeism. The median time before the onset of a new episode of absenteeism is significantly extended for active problem-solving and reduced for avoidance and for a palliative response. The results of the present study support the notion that problem-solving coping and reactive–passive strategies are inextricably connected to frequency, duration, length and onset of sickness absence. Especially, active problem-solving decreases the chance of future sickness absence.

Schaufeli, Wilmar B.; van Dijk, Frank J. H.; Blonk, Roland W. B.

2007-01-01

166

The Role of Religion in Coping with Daily Hassles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the role of religion in coping with daily stressors. Specifically, daily hassles, religious and nonreligious coping, Positive and Negative Affect, and Depression were assessed in a sample of college students (n=222). It was expected that religious coping would predict adjustment over and above the effects of nonreligious coping

Belavich, Timothy G.

167

Ways of coping in adolescents with schizophrenia.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to explore ways of coping and its association with specific stress responses in adolescents with schizophrenia. Additionally, subjects and healthy controls were compared to identify stress responses. Forty subjects were drawn from a self-management therapy study for youth with schizophrenia. Thirty community-dwelling controls were selected. A revised Ways of Coping scale and the Symptom of Stress at baseline, 6, 30 and 54 weeks measured coping and stress response. Descriptive statistics, cluster analysis and Pearson correlation provided data analysis. Thirty-two subjects were male, and eight were female. Average age was 17.25 (SD=1.37) years. Twenty-two (55%) were Caucasian; 18 (45%) were non-Caucasian. Seventeen (57%) of the 30 controls were female. The mean age was 17.10 years old (SD=1.16). Adolescents with schizophrenia used emotion-focused coping more than problem-focused coping at baseline and 6 weeks (P<0.01). Subjects reported higher stress than controls (t=4.73, P<0.01) and used emotion-focused coping with emotional stress responses (r=0.34, P=0.05). Adolescent coping strategies may persist into adulthood unless new skills are introduced. Developing effective coping skills for adolescents with schizophrenia is important for practice and future studies. PMID:21299728

Lee, H; Schepp, K G

2010-10-10

168

Coping with Anger-Provoking SituationsAdolescent Coping in Relation to Anger Reactivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines how adolescents cope with different types of anger-provoking situations. Also explored is the degree to which coping changes or remains the same across different situations. Results showed that focusing-on-the-positive coping was negatively associated with anger reactivity in the face of both affiliation and achievement stress. In addition, individuals who engaged in wishful thinking coping in dealing with

Kenneth E. Hart

1991-01-01

169

Spiritual Centeredness as a Tool for Positive Mental Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a review of the literature that examines the relationship of spiritual centeredness to the development of a positive self-concept and good mental health, emphasizing the Judeo-Christian concept of spirituality, but discussing other concepts as well. The review focuses on three areas: coping skills, self-concept, and values…

Langer, Rena Ruth Swango

170

Multitasking as skill acquisition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Multitasking,allows,people,to cope,with,the ever changing and complex world that we live in. However, as much,as cognitive scientists have learned about the details of human cognition, multitasking remains a mystery. In this paper, we argue that multitasking can be best understood as skill acquisition. In particular, we describe production composition, a computational theory of procedural skill acquisition, which can account for

F. J. Lee; N. A. Taatgen

2002-01-01

171

Foresight Group Roundtable: Fresh Thinking for Learning and Skills. Centre for Innovation in Learning--Positioning Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Creating a fertile space for debate and ideas in order to drive innovation in learning and skills is integral to LSN's (Learning and Skills Network's) mission. To achieve this LSN has pioneered a new approach to making learning work from classroom to boardroom--and created the Centre for Innovation in Learning. This new, independent think tank…

Learning and Skills Network (NJ3), 2010

2010-01-01

172

Improving the Confidence of Pre-Adolescent Girls by Focusing on the Development of Positive Self-Esteem, Body Image, and Assertiveness Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practicum was designed to focus on: (1) the improvement of the confidence of pre-adolescent girls; (2) the establishment of a positive body image; and (3) the strengthening of assertiveness skills. The writer worked in a group of 20 girls over a period of 8 months using exercises designed to facilitate their growth. A curriculum was developed…

Combes, Alice S.

173

Improving the Confidence of Pre-Adolescent Girls by Focusing on the Development of Positive Self-Esteem, Body Image, and Assertiveness Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This practicum was designed to focus on: (1) the improvement of the confidence of pre-adolescent girls; (2) the establishment of a positive body image; and (3) the strengthening of assertiveness skills. The writer worked in a group of 20 girls over a period of 8 months using exercises designed to facilitate their growth. A curriculum was…

Combes, Alice S.

174

‘More than a game’: impact of The First Tee life skills programme on positive youth development: project introduction and Year 1 findings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This manuscript introduces our long-term project and provides Year 1 data on evaluating the effectiveness of The First Tee life skills programme in promoting positive youth development. To set up subsequent articles on this multi-phase project, we provide: (a) a review of the positive youth development theoretical framework and studies in the physical domain, (b) an in-depth description of The

Maureen R. Weiss; Cheryl P. Stuntz; Jennifer A. Bhalla; Nicole D. Bolter; Melissa S. Price

2012-01-01

175

[Interpersonal relationships experienced in college life and development of social skills].  

PubMed

The purpose of this study is to clarify the relation between the development of social skills and students' experience in interpersonal relationships during their college life, focusing on what factors are most influential. The study was conducted based on a questionnaire regarding social skills, attitudes toward college life, clinical practice, lectures and interpersonal relationships, etc., distributed to 72 senior students from a 4-year nursing college as subjects. As a result, it was found that when students had to meet hardships regarding interpersonal relations during their college life, those who had two or more coping tools were able to develop more social skills than those who had to cope with the difficulty on their own. Moreover, students who had part-time jobs, took part in two or more extracurricular activities or overcame the difficulty of interpersonal relations during school festivals were reported to have improved their social skills. From these findings, one can speculate that the more quantity and the higher quality of interpersonal relationships students experience in their college life, the more and the higher-level social skills they can develop. It was also shown that the negative attitude toward interpersonal relationships as well as the difficulty students felt, during clinical practices worked as negative factors that might arrest the development of their social skills. It is therefore suggested that during clinical practices teachers should commit themselves positively to helping students cope with difficult situations or mend their negative attitudes toward interpersonal relations. PMID:16180513

Fujino, Yuriko; Muroya, Kazuko; Sato, Hitomi

2005-09-01

176

The Persuasion Knowledge Model: How People Cope with Persuasion Attempts  

Microsoft Academic Search

In theories and studies of persuasion, people's personal knowledge about persuasion agents' goals and tactics, and about how to skillfully cope with these, has been ignored. We present a model of how people develop and use persuasion knowledge to cope with persuasion attempts. We discuss what the model implies about how consumers use marketers' advertising and selling attempts to refine

Marian Friestad; Peter Wright

1994-01-01

177

Skilled Coping And Sport: Promises Of Phenomenology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Phenomenology holds much potential to make meaningful contributions to research on sport. In this paper, I argue that concepts such as equipment, habit and readiness-at-hand will help to uncover heretofore unexamined strands of athletic embodiment. Through an examination of the work of Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Hubert Dreyfus I take some initial steps towards outlining not only

Bryan Hogeveen

2011-01-01

178

The impact of stigma on medication adherence among HIV-positive adolescent and young adult females and the moderating effects of coping and satisfaction with health care.  

PubMed

To explore whether HIV stigma negatively impacts adherence to antiviral medications in HIV-infected adolescent women, moderational analysis was conducted and factors identified that could alter said relationship. Study participants were 178 adolescent females age 15-24, enrolled between 2003-2005, from 5 different cities and 60 provided adherence information. Findings reported by this cohort of 60 adolescent women included: medication adherence, 64.3% reporting adherence at baseline and 45.0% at 12 months; HIV stigma score of 57.60 (standard deviation [SD], 11.83; range, 25-86). HIV stigma was not found to be a significant predictor when binary logit regression was run with medication adherence at 1 year. Using moderational analysis, factors that could moderate stigma's effect on medication adherence was still pursued and identified the following to be significant at 12 months: health care satisfaction (B = -0.020, standard error [SE] = 0.010, p < .05); and Coping (proactive coping strategies [B = 0.012, SE = 0.005, p < .05]; turning to family [B = 0.012, SE = 0.016, p < 0.05]; spiritual coping [B = 0.021, SE = 0.010, p < 0.05]; professional help [B = 0.021, SE = 0.010, p < 0.05]; physical diversions [B = 0.016, SE = 0.007, p < 0.05]). Factors that had no significant moderating effects included: social support measures (mean = 74.9; median = 74.0) and depression score greater than 16 = 43%. We conclude that HIV-infected adolescent women experience HIV stigma and poor adherence over time. Factors like health care satisfaction and coping may minimize stigma's effect on medication adherence. Our findings are tempered by a small sample size and lack of a direct relationship between stigma and adherence on binary logit regression analysis. PMID:22149767

Martinez, Jaime; Harper, Gary; Carleton, Russell A; Hosek, Sybil; Bojan, Kelly; Glum, Gretchen; Ellen, Jonathan

2011-12-07

179

The Impact of Stigma on Medication Adherence Among HIV-Positive Adolescent and Young Adult Females and the Moderating Effects of Coping and Satisfaction with Health Care  

PubMed Central

Abstract To explore whether HIV stigma negatively impacts adherence to antiviral medications in HIV-infected adolescent women, moderational analysis was conducted and factors identified that could alter said relationship. Study participants were 178 adolescent females age 15–24, enrolled between 2003–2005, from 5 different cities and 60 provided adherence information. Findings reported by this cohort of 60 adolescent women included: medication adherence, 64.3% reporting adherence at baseline and 45.0% at 12 months; HIV stigma score of 57.60 (standard deviation [SD], 11.83; range, 25–86). HIV stigma was not found to be a significant predictor when binary logit regression was run with medication adherence at 1 year. Using moderational analysis, factors that could moderate stigma's effect on medication adherence was still pursued and identified the following to be significant at 12 months: health care satisfaction (B=?0.020, standard error [SE]=0.010, p<.05); and Coping (proactive coping strategies [B=0.012, SE=0.005, p<.05]; turning to family [B=0.012, SE=0.016, p<0.05]; spiritual coping [B=0.021, SE=0.010, p<0.05]; professional help [B=0.021, SE=0.010, p<0.05]; physical diversions [B=0.016, SE=0.007, p<0.05]). Factors that had no significant moderating effects included: social support measures (mean=74.9; median=74.0) and depression score greater than 16=43%. We conclude that HIV-infected adolescent women experience HIV stigma and poor adherence over time. Factors like health care satisfaction and coping may minimize stigma's effect on medication adherence. Our findings are tempered by a small sample size and lack of a direct relationship between stigma and adherence on binary logit regression analysis.

Harper, Gary; Carleton, Russell A.; Hosek, Sybil; Bojan, Kelly; Glum, Gretchen; Ellen, Jonathan

2012-01-01

180

Stress Coping Mechanisms in Elderly Adults: An Initial Study of Recreational and Other Coping Behaviors in Nursing Home Patients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Residents (N = 32) of 3 skilled nursing homes participated in a study designed to document the nature of the stressors they experienced and the coping mechanisms they used. Medical issues were the most common stressors. The most common coping responses were prayer, reading, watching television, listening to music, and talking to friends and…

Hunter, I. Roy; Gillen, Mark C.

2009-01-01

181

Coping with Discrimination among Mexican Descent Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current research is designed to explore the relationship among discrimination stress, coping strategies, and self-esteem among Mexican descent youth (N = 73, age 11-15 years). Results suggest that primary control engagement and disengagement coping strategies are positively associated with discrimination stress. Furthermore, self-esteem is…

Edwards, Lisa M.; Romero, Andrea J.

2008-01-01

182

BSEP II (Basic Skills Education Program II) Lesson Developer's Guide - A Guidebook for the Development of Job-Oriented BSEP II Materials.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

TRADOC has recommended the development and implementation of a Functional Basic Skills Program built around four major components: Military Occupational Speciality (MOS) Baseline skills; English as a Second Language skills; Army Life Coping skills; and Le...

W. McGuire R. Avant J. Howard

1983-01-01

183

Coping and Self-Efficacy in Marijuana Treatment: Results from the Marijuana Treatment Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined whether a coping-skills-based treatment for marijuana dependence operated by encouraging the use of coping skills or via other mechanisms. Participants were 450 men and women treated in the multisite Marijuana Treatment Project who were randomly assigned to motivational enhancement therapy plus cognitive-behavioral (MET-CB)…

Litt, Mark D.; Kadden, Ronald M.; Stephens, Robert S.

2005-01-01

184

Coping with an HIV Diagnosis  

MedlinePLUS

... check-ups--bleeding gums can increase your risk of infecting someone else. Volunteer to work for an AIDS organization. Facing your fears directly can be a good way to cope with them. Who should know I have HIV? If you have tested positive for HIV, you must tell ...

185

Street Youth: Coping and Interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

A literature review of research into interventions among street youth is presented along with the results of a qualitative analysis of interviews with 80 street youth on the topic of coping. Themes arising from the qualitative analysis include street youths' negative and positive experiences with social support; and attitudes and beliefs such as self-worth, decreased reactivity to other's opinions, hope

Sean A. Kidd

2003-01-01

186

Proactive coping, gratitude, and posttraumatic stress disorder in college women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated relationships among proactive coping, positive emotions, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity for 182 undergraduate women with trauma histories. Participants were administered the Life Events Checklist (LEC), PTSD Checklist, Proactive Coping Inventory, Proactive Attitude Scale, General Perceived Self-Efficacy Scale, and measures of posttrauma gratitude and emotional growth. An Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) with proactive coping, proactive

Laura L. Vernon; Jacqueline M. Dillon; Amanda R. W. Steiner

2009-01-01

187

Reactive, Anticipatory, Preventive, and Proactive Coping: A Theoretical Distinction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proactive coping is an innovative coping theory that may help facilitate the design of educational and psychological interventions to overcome adolescent risk behaviors and to promote personal growth. It broadens stress and coping research by including positive strivings which take into account such aspects as goals, purpose, and meaning.…

Schwarzer, Ralf; Luszczynska, Aleksandra

2008-01-01

188

Religious Coping Moderates the Relationship Between Emotional Functioning and Obesity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Prospective research indicates that poor emotional functioning predicts obesity. The maladaptive coping hypothesis proposes that unhealthy eating is used to regulate emotion, leading to obesity. Given research suggesting that many utilize religion to cope with distress, we hypothesized that positive and negative religious coping would moderate links between emotional functioning and obesity. In addition, previous research focused on Christians

Steven Pirutinsky; David H. Rosmarin; Cheryl L. Holt

2012-01-01

189

Future-Oriented Coping and Job Hunting among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using a sample of Chinese college students (n = 216), the present study showed that future-oriented coping negatively correlated with perceived pressure and positively correlated with successful job hunting. The relationship between proactive coping and preventive coping was also explored. Structural equation modeling suggested that a sequence…

Hu, Yueqin; Gan, Yiqun

2011-01-01

190

Adolescent coping across time: implications for psychiatric mental health nurses.  

PubMed

This article compares rural adolescents' coping responses before and after the behavioral intervention Teaching Kids to Cope with Anger (TKC-A). A quasi-experimental design was used, that included 94 (intervention) and 85 (control) students who were enrolled in three high schools in rural southwestern Pennsylvania. Results showed no statistically significant differences between the intervention and control groups' coping responses following the TKC- A intervention. The majority of youth in this study demonstrated healthy coping skills. In the future, the TKC-A needs to be integrated into the high school curriculum as a health promotion effort that is tailored to adolescents. PMID:19657872

Puskar, Kathryn; Grabiak, Beth R; Bernardo, Lisa Marie; Ren, Dianxu

2009-09-01

191

New Directions in the Army's Basic Skills Education Program (BSEP).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Army has given to the Training and Doctrine Command the task of developing four Basic Skills Education Program (BSEP) curricula to provide functional, job-related basic skills training. These would be Military Occupational Specialty (MOS) Baseline Skills, English-as-a-Second Language (ESL), Military Life Coping Skills, and Learning…

Pilgrim, Mark T.

192

Counseling and Life-Coping Workshops for Unemployed Workers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the final report and booklet developed by a project that provided individual counseling and life-coping skills workshops to recently unemployed workers lacking basic educational skills. The final report describes how individuals recruited at Philadelphia unemployment offices attended group workshop sessions where they…

Temple Univ., Philadelphia, PA.

193

Coping with Scleroderma  

MedlinePLUS

... Resources Brochure Downloads Please leave this field empty Coping with Scleroderma Managing a Chronic Illness Practical Tips ... and their family members who are having difficulty coping with their feelings. We try to use the ...

194

Attributions and Coping Styles in Reducing Victimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

To examine the role of attributions and coping on children’s victimization over time, 220 children completed questionnaires twice over a 6-month period. Direct and mediational models were tested using regressions, cross-sectionally and longitudinally. Characterological self-blame was positively related to victimization within and across time for boys and girls. Depressive attributions were positively related to victimization only for girls. No coping

Danielle Shelley; Wendy M. Craig

2010-01-01

195

Insight, distress and coping styles in schizophrenia  

PubMed Central

Background The stigma and negative societal views attached to schizophrenia can make the diagnosis distressing. There is evidence that poor insight into symptoms of the disorder and need for treatment may reflect the use of denial as a coping style. However, the relationships between insight and other coping styles have seldom been investigated. Method We examined the associations between insight, distress and a number of coping styles in 65 outpatients with schizophrenia (final n = 57) in a cross-sectional study. Results We found that (i) awareness of symptoms and problems correlated with greater distress, (ii) ‘preference for positive reinterpretation and growth’ coping style correlated with lower distress and with lower symptom awareness (re-labelling), (iii) ‘preference for mental disengagement’ coping style correlated with greater distress and lower awareness of problems, and (iv) ‘social support-seeking’ coping style correlated with greater awareness of illness, but not distress. No relationship occurred between the use of ‘denial’ as a coping style and insight or distress. Conclusions Our findings demonstrate that awareness of illness and related problems is associated with greater distress in schizophrenia. However, this investigation has not supported a simple psychological denial explanation for this relationship, as complex relationships emerged between different dimensions of insight and coping styles. The negative association between ‘positive reinterpretation and growth’ and distress suggests that adopting this style may lead to re-labelling symptoms in a less distressing way. Avoidant and isolating styles of coping both appear unhelpful. Psychological interventions should aim to promote more active coping such as discussing a mental health problem with others.

Cooke, Michael; Peters, Emmanuelle; Fannon, Dominic; Anilkumar, Anantha P.P.; Aasen, Ingrid; Kuipers, Elizabeth; Kumari, Veena

2007-01-01

196

Daily Coping Practice Predicts Treatment Effects in Children With Sickle Cell Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To examine the 1-month effects of a pain coping skills intervention in children with sickle cell disease (SCD). Methods: Forty-six African American children (8-17 years old) were randomly assigned to either a coping skills condition or a standard care control condition. Children were asked to practice daily with audiotaped instructions of skills (e.g., relaxation, imagery). Results: Multivariate analyses of

Karen M. Gil; Kelly K. Anthony; James W. Carson; Rupa Redding-Lallinger; Charles W. Daeschner; Russell E. Ware

2001-01-01

197

Coping with Racism: What Works and Doesn't Work for Black Women?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perceived racial discrimination (PRD) has deleterious effects on Black Americans. However, there is minimal empirical research on the influence of gender and coping on the relationship between PRD and mental health. This study posited that coping style (i.e., problem-focused coping and avoidant coping) would moderate the relationship between PRD…

West, Lindsey M.; Donovan, Roxanne A.; Roemer, Lizabeth

2010-01-01

198

The Regulating Role of Negative Emotions in Children's Coping with Peer Rejection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the role of emotions as predictors of children's coping responses to peer rejection experiences. Children ages 7-12 (N = 79) completed questionnaires to assess emotional and coping responses to peer rejection scenarios. This study examined three coping factors specific to peer rejection (positive reappraisal, ruminative coping,…

Goodman, Kimberly L.; Southam-Gerow, Michael A.

2010-01-01

199

Coping with Racism: What Works and Doesn't Work for Black Women?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Perceived racial discrimination (PRD) has deleterious effects on Black Americans. However, there is minimal empirical research on the influence of gender and coping on the relationship between PRD and mental health. This study posited that coping style (i.e., problem-focused coping and avoidant coping) would moderate the relationship between PRD…

West, Lindsey M.; Donovan, Roxanne A.; Roemer, Lizabeth

2010-01-01

200

The Relationship of Coping, Self-Worth, and Subjective Well-Being: A Structural Equation Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between various coping-related variables and the evaluation of self-worth and subjective well-being among persons with spinal cord injury. Positive coping variables included hope, proactive coping style, and sense of humor, whereas negative coping variables included perceptions of…

Smedema, Susan Miller; Catalano, Denise; Ebener, Deborah J.

2010-01-01

201

Coping with guilt and shame in the impulse buying context  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study we investigate how consumers cope with guilt and shame in the impulse buying context. Based on recent psychological research on guilt and shame, we posit that the intensity of shame experienced after buying on impulse will be positively associated with the use of avoidant coping strategies, whereas the intensity of guilt experienced will be positively associated with

Sunghwan Yi; Hans Baumgartner

2011-01-01

202

Debriefing to help perinatal nurses cope with a maternal loss.  

PubMed

The death of a mother in a perinatal unit is a devastating event for the family and for the perinatal staff. An unexpected maternal death may be considered a critical incident, requiring leadership to reflect on the emotional well-being of all the staff who were involved in the patient's care. In order to assist staff in coping with the impact of a maternal loss, the organization and leadership team can apply the principles of debriefing, during which an expert in crisis intervention works to help the group recognize both healthy and unhealthy coping skills, and follows up with affected individuals who require ongoing help. This article presents a review of different techniques of debriefing, applies debriefing to maternal loss, and provides a review of coping skills for nurses. The leadership team's support is essential to promoting healthy coping and emotional healing when a tragedy occurs on the perinatal unit. PMID:19587569

Dietz, Deborah

203

Youth Development Program Participation and Intentional Self-Regulation Skills: Contextual and Individual Bases of Pathways to Positive Youth Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present research used data from Grades 8, 9, and 10 of the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development, a longitudinal study involving U.S. adolescents, in order to better elucidate the process through which the strengths of youth and the ecological resources promoting healthy development (such as out-of-school-time programs) may contribute to…

Mueller, Megan Kiely; Phelps, Erin; Bowers, Edmond P.; Agans, Jennifer P.; Urban, Jennifer Brown; Lerner, Richard M.

2011-01-01

204

Gender, Stress, and Coping  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Despite an extensive literature on stress and coping, it is difficult to pinpoint ways of coping that, as a rule, are adaptive\\u000a or maladaptive. Coping is a dynamic process, one that is shaped by characteristics of the person and situation (DeLongis &\\u000a Holtzman, 2005; Folkman, Lazarus, Dunkel-Schetter, DeLongis, & Gruen, 1986). What is stressful to one individual in one situation

Amy Zwicker; Anita DeLongis

205

Assessment of Social Skills and Intellectual Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Social skills foster healthy interpersonal relationships, promote independence, and are crucial to coping with stressful situations.\\u000a Deficits in social skills are a critical component of intellectual disability (ID). They are related to many important personal\\u000a and social outcomes in this population. In many ways, social skills are at the heart of controversies on how to define ID.\\u000a As such, this

Luc Lecavalier; Eric M. Butter

206

Perceived parenting styles, depersonalisation, anxiety and coping behaviour in adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigated the relationship between perceived parenting styles, depersonalisation, anxiety and coping behaviour in a normal high school student sample (N=276). It was found that perceived parental psychological pressure correlated positively with depersonalisation and trait anxiety among the adolescents. Perceived parental warmth was positively associated with active coping and negatively correlated with trait anxiety in the adolescents. A

Uwe Wolfradt; Susanne Hempel; Jeremy N. V. Miles

2003-01-01

207

Older Adults and Basic Skills: A Preliminary Exploration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews with 13 female and 7 male retirees in the West Midlands, England, aged 60-70 plus, ascertained their self-perceived reading, writing, oral communication, and computation skills. It was concluded that basic skills cannot be defined as an identifiable set of coping skills, but must be based on self-perceived requirements within an…

Withnall, Alexandra; Percy, Keith

1990-01-01

208

Learning Leadership Skills in a Simulated Business Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In today's unstable market economy, individuals have to be skilled to work efficiently in constantly changing and complex situations. Thus, graduate students have to be trained to cope with unpredictable situations before they enter the workforce. They need to exercise occupational skills, such as leadership skills, during higher education.…

Siewiorek, Anna; Saarinen, Eeli; Lainema, Timo; Lehtinen, Erno

2012-01-01

209

Learning Leadership Skills in a Simulated Business Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In today's unstable market economy, individuals have to be skilled to work efficiently in constantly changing and complex situations. Thus, graduate students have to be trained to cope with unpredictable situations before they enter the workforce. They need to exercise occupational skills, such as leadership skills, during higher education.…

Siewiorek, Anna; Saarinen, Eeli; Lainema, Timo; Lehtinen, Erno

2012-01-01

210

The Depression Coping Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students (N=396), chronic pain patients (N=319), and schizophrenic veterans (N=43) completed the Depression Coping Questionnaire (DCQ) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Factor analysis of the DCQ identified eleven coping responses: social support, problem solving, self-blame/escape, aggression, indulgence, activities, medication,…

Kleinke, Chris L.

211

Coping with Street Gangs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide to coping with street gangs is aimed at the young person who may be considering gang membership or who is afraid of gang violence. Understanding gangs leads to the ability to cope with the problems they pose. Part I explores "What Gangs Are," explaining characteristics of gangs and why young people join them. It is essential that…

Webb, Margot

212

Coping with condom embarrassment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assesses the embarrassment associated with purchasing, carrying, storing, using and disposing of condoms. It incorporates coping theory into the investigation of embarrassment by analysing the strategies individuals use to cope with embarrassment during condom purchase. The results of a survey show that individuals are embarrassed at various stages related to condom use. Purchasing condoms elicits the most embarrassment,

Sarah G. Moore; Darren W. Dahl; Gerald J. Gorn; Charles B. Weinberg

2006-01-01

213

[Coping in transplantated patients].  

PubMed

The theoretical model of coping mechanisms (CM), is based on a discussion between it's main determinant factors: individual and situational (related to the 2 approaches of coping: dispositional and constitutional). Actually the most used classification of CM is based on the division of CM in two main dimensions: coping focused on emotions and coping focused on problem resolution. It is essential that classification methods of CM have in consideration the coexistence of stable dispositional elements with a situational variability. Some instruments to evaluate CM are introduced, based on different theories. Coping can influence health threw different mechanisms (neuroendocrine system, health threatening behaviours and adherence) and is included in two of the more important theoretical models applied to health (Moos & Schafer's and Leventhal's). Based on a systematic literature review we concluded that the most prevalent CM in pre transplantation period are acceptance, active coping, seeking support, and the less used are self-blame and avoidance. In post transplantation period the more prevalent CM continue to be active coping and seeking support associated to confrontation, selfconfidence, religion and coping focused in the problem. Evasive, emotive and fatalistic CM are associated to less control sensed by patients. Confrontation is associated to a better quality of life and avoidance to a reduction of quality of life and higher depression levels and denial to non-adherence increase. Control sensed by patients, CM related to the expression of emotions and denial change threw clinical evolution of transplanted patients. PMID:18625093

Telles-Correia, Diogo; Mega, Inês; Barbosa, António; Barroso, Eduardo; Monteiro, Estela

2008-07-26

214

The Depression Coping Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|College students (N=396), chronic pain patients (N=319), and schizophrenic veterans (N=43) completed the Depression Coping Questionnaire (DCQ) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Factor analysis of the DCQ identified eleven coping responses: social support, problem solving, self-blame/escape, aggression, indulgence, activities, medication,…

Kleinke, Chris L.

215

Coping Styles in Patients with Anxiety and Depression  

PubMed Central

Different individuals use different coping styles to cope with their problems. In patients with anxiety and/or depression, these have important implications. The primary objective of our study was to estimate the frequency of different coping mechanisms used by patients with symptoms of anxiety and depression. A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was conducted and patients with symptoms of anxiety and depression were identified using the Aga Khan University's Anxiety and Depression Scale (AKUADS). Coping styles were determined by using the 28-item Brief COPE inventory. We were able to recruit 162 people. The prevalence of anxiety and depression was found to be 34%. Females were more than 2 times likely to have anxiety and depression (P value = 0.024, OR = 2.62). In patients screening positive for AKUADS, “religion” was the most common coping mechanism identified. “Acceptance”, “Use of instrumental support”, and “Active coping” were other commonly used coping styles. Our findings suggest that religious coping is a common behavior in patients presenting with symptoms anxiety and depression in Pakistan. Knowledge of these coping styles is important in the care of such patients, as these coping methods can be identified and to some extent modified by the treating clinician/psychiatrist.

Kasi, Pashtoon Murtaza; Naqvi, Haider Ali; Afghan, Abaseen Khan; Khawar, Talha; Khan, Farooq Hasan; Khan, Umber Zaheer; Khuwaja, Urooj Bakht; Kiani, Jawad; Khan, Hadi Mohammad

2012-01-01

216

Family influences on coping processes in children and adolescents with sickle cell disease.  

PubMed

Examined the contribution of parenting and family variables to the general coping processes of 39 children and adolescents with sickle cell disease (SCD). In home interviews, parents reported on their child's health history, the coping suggestions they make to their children, their own coping strategies, and family cohesion. Children rated their general coping strategies and level of hope. Partial support was obtained for each of the three models of family influences tested in this study. After accounting for the effects of age, gender, family structure, and type of SCD, children's hope was positively associated with active coping suggestions by parents. Children's active coping was associated with a cohesive family environment, and avoidance coping was predicted by less parental use of restructuring coping, and greater parental use of active coping strategies. Taken together, this study provides evidence for the influence of parental coaching and modeling and the family environment on coping processes in children with SCD. PMID:7666291

Kliewer, W; Lewis, H

1995-08-01

217

Coping strategies of hospitalized people with psychiatric disabilities in Taiwan.  

PubMed

Research has found that people with psychiatric disabilities Taiwan tended to utilize passive and emotional-focused strategies to cope with their illness unlike Western studies. A self-reported questionnaire that incorporated categories: socio-demographic characteristics, the self-impact of illness, illness adaptation, and coping strategy scale was administrated to 140 persons with psychiatric disabilities routinely hospitalized over a long period of time to explore the strategies of coping with their mental disorders. Analysis of survey data found the sense of helplessness and the overall illness adaptation significantly impact negative emotion coping utilization. Those who felt highly impact by the illness, more sense of helplessness, less actively managing their illness, and more social support availability were more likely to use positive emotion as a coping strategy. The better overall adaption to the illness significantly impact procrastination and previous illness experience utilization. Only a positive coping strategy was found significantly to manage the illness. PMID:19826952

Wu, Hui-Ching; Wu, Ching-Kuan; Liao, Jing-Wei; Chang, Li-Hsin; I-Chen, Tang

2010-03-01

218

Coping strategies of rural families of critically ill patients.  

PubMed

This study explored the coping strategies of families of critically ill patients in a rural Southern Appalachian setting. A convenience sample of 30 family members of 22 critically ill patients in two rural hospitals completed the Jaloweic Coping Scale. The five most frequently used coping methods were helping, thinking positively, worrying about the problem, trying to find out more about the problem and trying to handle things one step at a time. The five most effective coping strategies were talking the problem over with friends, praying, thinking about the good things in life, trying to handle things one step at a time and trying to see the good side of the situation. Findings contradicted many of the more "negative" descriptions of Appalachian people in the literature. Similarities outweighed differences when comparing the coping styles of rural and urban populations. Findings suggest that coping strategies must be considered for positive outcomes in the delivery of care to such a rural population. PMID:11930416

Hunsucker, S; Flannery, J; Frank, D

2000-04-01

219

Filipino Americans and racism: A multiple mediation model of coping.  

PubMed

Although the literature on Asian Americans and racism has been emerging, few studies have examined how coping influences one's encounters with racism. To advance the literature, the present study focused on the psychological impact of Filipino Americans' experiences with racism and the role of coping as a mediator using a community-based sample of adults (N = 199). Two multiple mediation models were used to examine the mediating effects of active, avoidance, support-seeking, and forbearance coping on the relationship between perceived racism and psychological distress and self-esteem, respectively. Separate analyses were also conducted for men and women given differences in coping utilization. For men, a bootstrap procedure indicated that active, support-seeking, and avoidance coping were mediators of the relationship between perceived racism and psychological distress. Active coping was negatively associated with psychological distress, whereas both support seeking and avoidance were positively associated with psychological distress. A second bootstrap procedure for men indicated that active and avoidance coping mediated the relationship between perceived racism and self-esteem such that active coping was positively associated with self-esteem, and avoidance was negatively associated with self-esteem. For women, only avoidance coping had a significant mediating effect that was associated with elevations in psychological distress and decreases in self-esteem. The results highlight the importance of examining the efficacy of specific coping responses to racism and the need to differentiate between the experiences of men and women. PMID:21133568

Alvarez, Alvin N; Juang, Linda P

2010-04-01

220

Networking consumers' participation in a community mental health service: mutual support groups, 'citizenship' and coping strategies.  

PubMed

Consumers' and family members' involvement was indispensable to create social support networks promoted by the comprehensive mental health services resulting from the closure and subsequent complete reconversion of the mental hospital in Trieste. Despite long term consumers' disabilities and the families' heavy burden the individuals' positive skills and resources can be, and indeed are, 'valorized'. Mutual help groups, social clubs and solidarity initiatives in the community were the outcome of the individual consumer's active daily involvement in the service therapeutic programmes and of stimulation of social and communication skills. The service considers these forms of supported self-organisation of consumers and family members as new instruments for further deinstitutionalisation and demedicalisation of therapeutic and rehabilitative practices, for the overcoming of social isolation and learning of coping strategies from the mutual experience. PMID:1577573

Mezzina, R; Mazzuia, P; Vidoni, D; Impagnatiello, M

1992-01-01

221

Memory Skill  

Microsoft Academic Search

Acquired memory skills best account for differences in memory performance. According to Chase and Ericsson's theory of skilled memory, improved memory or memory skills are due to the acquisition of more efficient storage and retrieval processes using long-term memory (LTM). Their theory specifies three principles which characterize the structure of memory skills. First, information rapidly stored in LTM is encoded

K. Anders Ericsson

1985-01-01

222

Interrelatedness of Proactive Coping, Reactive Coping, and Learned Resourcefulness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has identified that coping strategies used by individuals depend on temporal locations of stressors. Dispositional attributes are also identified as predictors of coping. The current study identified commonalities of proactive coping, reactive coping, and learned resourcefulness measures. The analysis yielded three factors reflective of…

Moring, John; Fuhrman, Robert; Zauszniewski, Jaclene A.

2011-01-01

223

Interrelatedness of Proactive Coping, Reactive Coping, and Learned Resourcefulness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research has identified that coping strategies used by individuals depend on temporal locations of stressors. Dispositional attributes are also identified as predictors of coping. The current study identified commonalities of proactive coping, reactive coping, and learned resourcefulness measures. The analysis yielded three factors reflective of…

Moring, John; Fuhrman, Robert; Zauszniewski, Jaclene A.

2011-01-01

224

Cognitive Behavioral and Behavioral Interventions Help Young Children Cope During a Voiding Cystourethrogram  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To reduce young children's distress and increase coping behavior among children undergoing a voiding cystourethrogram (VCU). Methods: Three- to seven-year-old children were stratified based on prior VCU experience and randomly as- signed to an intervention (n 20) or a standard care (n 20) condition. The intervention included provi- sion of information, coping skills training, and parent coaching. We hypothesized

Nataliya Zelikovsky; James R. Rodrigue; Christine A. Gidycz

2000-01-01

225

The Effects of Uncontrollable Stress on Subjective Well-Being and Coping Behavior in Urban Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this dissertation was to determine whether uncontrollable and controllable stressors differentially affected levels of subjective well-being in a group of ethnically diverse urban adolescents. Additionally, the researcher examined what types of coping skills were utilized in the face of high levels of uncontrollable stress. Lastly, a moderational model was proposed, wherein active coping was hypothesized to strengthen

Laura Darr Coyle

2010-01-01

226

Predictors of Adolescent Drug Use: Cognitive Abilities, Coping Strategies, and Purpose in Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose in life and coping skills are hypothesized to mediate association between cognitive abilities (e.g., fluid and crystallized intelligence) and polydrug use. Results indicated relationship between crystallized intelligence and alcohol use was mediated by purpose in life. Older age predicted higher cognitive abilities, stronger coping

Minehan, Janet A.; Newcomb, Michael D.; Galaif, Elisha R.

2000-01-01

227

Can a Self-Regulation Skills and Cultural Arts Program Promote Positive Outcomes in Mental Health Symptoms and Academic Achievement for At-Risk Youth?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self-regulation skills programs focusing on emotional regulation and executive functioning and arts programs have separately demonstrated reductions in internalizing and externalizing disorders and academic difficulties and have shown improvement in self-regulation skills. This study sought to evaluate participants in Prodigy (a program synthesizing arts and self-regulation skills) regarding changes in mental health symptoms and academic performance. A quasi-experimental pretest–posttest was

Lisa Rapp-Paglicci; Chris Stewart; William Rowe

2011-01-01

228

Coping and Self-Efficacy in Marijuana Treatment: Results From the Marijuana Treatment Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined whether a coping-skills-based treatment for marijuana dependence operated by encouraging the use of coping skills or via other mechanisms. Participants were 450 men and women treated in the multisite Marijuana Treatment Project who were randomly assigned to motivational enhancement therapy plus cognitive–behavioral (MET-CB) treatment, motivational enhancement therapy (MET), or a delayed treatment control group. Marijuana use and

Mark D. Litt; Ronald M. Kadden; Robert S. Stephens

2005-01-01

229

Effects of Participant Modeling on Information Acquisition and Skill Utilization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed the contribution of active participant modeling in coping skills training in children (N=38) highly fearful of dentists. Results provided evidence for the greater efficacy of active practice relative to symbolic modeling for the learning and utilization of coping strategies to reduce stress during aversive procedures. (LLL)

Klingman, Avigdor; And Others

1984-01-01

230

The effects of avoidance coping and coping self-efficacy on eating disorder attitudes and behaviors: a stress-diathesis model.  

PubMed

The present study employed a series of stress-diathesis models to examine whether avoidance coping and poor coping self-efficacy contribute to disordered eating attitudes and behaviors in a sample of college students. The sample included one hundred fifteen undergraduate students (28.7% male; 71.3% female). Participants completed self-report measures to assess daily stressors, coping style, coping self-efficacy, and eating disorder attitudes and behaviors. As predicted, among students with an avoidance coping style, those who reported more daily stressors exhibited higher eating disorder attitudes and behaviors than those with less daily hassles. Contrary to study hypothesis, number of daily hassles did not moderate the association between coping self-efficacy and eating disorder attitudes and behaviors. However, there was a significant main effect for coping self-efficacy, suggesting that students who lack confidence in their coping abilities are more likely to have problematic eating attitudes and behaviors, regardless of their level of daily stress. Clinically, results suggest that students who enter college with an avoidance coping style and poor coping self-efficacy may be at risk for disordered eating, particularly with the onset of associated stress. Teaching students active problem-focused coping skills to deal with daily hassles associated with college life, and providing opportunities for repeated practice to bolster self-efficacy, may help prevent and/or reduce disordered eating attitudes and behaviors. PMID:23121777

Macneil, Laura; Esposito-Smythers, Christianne; Mehlenbeck, Robyn; Weismoore, Julie

2012-08-24

231

Coping with Memory Loss  

MedlinePLUS

Coping With Memory Loss Search the Consumer Updates Section Cerebral Cortex Previously formed memories are thought to be stored in the cerebral ... have a role in the formation of new memories partly through their connections with the hippocampus, and ...

232

Coping with change  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Carmenza Robledo brought together a diverse group of experts from resource management to information technology and policy to assess how forest ecosystems help African rural communities cope with extreme weather events.

2011-07-01

233

Coping with the Crunch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines housing strategies several college facilities managers used to cope with the problem of overcrowded residence halls. Also highlighted are tips to help facilities managers determine if their solution is to build additional housing. (GR)

Sturgeon, Julie

2000-01-01

234

Coping with Side Effects  

MedlinePLUS

... Depression When should I call my doctor? Side Effect Strategies for Coping Fatigue Lingering feeling of tiredness Most common symptom Some medications Plenty of rest, with short naps Light to moderate physical activity Ask others to help ...

235

Coping with Stress  

MedlinePLUS

... InteliHealth Medical Content 2014-09-13 Coping With Stress Stress is a part of life. From being stuck ... to falling behind on paying bills, too much stress can wreak havoc on our bodies. If you ...

236

Coping with the Unthinkable.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder in students. Suggests ways that teachers can help students cope with catastrophic events such as the September 11 terrorist attack on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. (PKP)

Scholzman, Steven C.

2001-01-01

237

Coping with Chronic Illness  

MedlinePLUS

... help. A trained counselor can help you develop strategies to regain a feeling of control. Support groups might help, too. You will find that you are not alone, and you may learn some new tips on how to cope.

238

Coping with the Unthinkable.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder in students. Suggests ways that teachers can help students cope with catastrophic events such as the September 11 terrorist attack on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. (PKP)|

Scholzman, Steven C.

2001-01-01

239

Coping Among Victims of Relationship Abuse: A Longitudinal Examination  

PubMed Central

This longitudinal study examined the associations between relationship abuse, coping variables, and mental health outcomes among a sample of battered women obtained from shelter and nonresidential community agencies (N = 61). Sexual aggression was a stronger predictor of poorer mental health than was physical assault. Engagement coping strategies were generally predictive of positive mental health, and disengagement coping strategies were generally predictive of poorer mental health. Results highlight the complexity of the associations between different forms of relationship abuse, coping strategies, and mental health among this population.

Taft, Casey T.; Resick, Patricia A.; Panuzio, Jillian; Vogt, Dawne S.; Mechanic, Mindy B.

2010-01-01

240

Ruminative coping as avoidance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper argues for a reconceptualization of ruminative coping with the death of a loved one as an avoidant rather than a\\u000a confrontational strategy. Ruminative coping has been characterized within the bereavement field as persistent, repetitive\\u000a and passive focus on negative emotions and symptoms. It has been theoretically described and empirically shown to be a maladaptive\\u000a process, being conceptually related

Margaret Stroebe; Paul A. Boelen; Marcel van den Hout; Wolfgang Stroebe; Elske Salemink; Jan van den Bout

2007-01-01

241

Coping Strategies of Family Members of Hospitalized Psychiatric Patients  

PubMed Central

This exploratory research paper investigated the coping strategies of families of hospitalized psychiatric patients and identified their positive and negative coping strategies. In this paper, the coping strategies of 45 family members were examined using a descriptive, correlational, mixed method research approach. Guided by the Neuman Systems Model and using the Family Crisis Oriented Personal Evaluation Scales and semistructured interviews, this paper found that these family members used more emotion-focused coping strategies than problem-focused coping strategies. The common coping strategies used by family members were communicating with immediate family, acceptance of their situation, passive appraisal, avoidance, and spirituality. The family members also utilized resources and support systems, such as their immediate families, mental health care professionals, and their churches.

Eaton, Phyllis M.; Davis, Bertha L.; Hammond, Pamela V.; Condon, Esther H.; McGee, Zina T.

2011-01-01

242

Stress, Coping, and Suicide Risk in Psychiatric Inpatients.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigated relationship between interpersonal problems, coping style, and suicide risk among 71 adult psychiatric inpatients. Patients admitted with history of suicidal attempts were compared with patients admitted for other reasons. Interpersonal problems were significantly and positively related to suicide risk. Coping style of suppression…

Josepho, Sharon A.; Plutchik, Robert

1994-01-01

243

Relations between negative affect, coping, and emotional eating  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study was designed to examine the relations between negative affect, coping, and emotional eating. It was tested whether emotion-oriented coping and avoidance distraction, alone or in interaction with negative affect, were related to increased levels of emotional eating. Participants were 125 eating-disordered women and 132 women representing a community population. Measures included the Positive and Negative Affectivity Schedule (PANAS),

Sonja T. P. Spoor; Marrie H. J. Bekker; Tatjana Van Strien; Guus L. van Heck

2007-01-01

244

Physical Attractiveness and Counseling Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Searched for interaction between quality of counseling skills (presence or absence of empathy, genuineness, and positive regard) and physical attractiveness as determinants of counseling effectiveness. Attractiveness influenced perceived effectiveness of counselor's skill. Analyses of expectancy data revealed that only with good skills did…

Vargas, Alice M.; Borkowski, John G.

1982-01-01

245

Coping: Stress Management Techniques for Students and Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Descriptions are given of the terms "stress" and "stressors." Stressful life events, the physiological symptoms of stress, and individual perceptions of what constitutes stressful events and how they are determined by personality type, are discussed. Five coping skills are listed and described: (1) cognitive restructuring; (2) deep breathing; (3)…

Price, Elsa C.

246

Coping but not coping in health and social care: masking the reality of running organisations beyond safe design capacity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops a hypothesis that the 'normal' mode of operation for many organisations is well beyond their safe design capacity and that many health and social care organisations in the UK are in this position. This situation arises from having to cope with demand, irrespective of their supply capability. The irony is that such organisations can appear to cope

Eric Wolstenholme; David Monk; Douglas McKelvie; Steve Arnold

2007-01-01

247

Skill Set  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With competition to attract quality students into career and technical education programs and many entrants to the workforce inadequately prepared with employability skills, some community colleges have found a way to answer industry's call--they are launching SkillsUSA chapters on campus. In this article, the author features SkillsUSA, a…

Holdsworth, Tom

2007-01-01

248

Basic Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These four articles focus on developing basic reading, science, and job search skills: "Reading Program for Vocational Classes" by Augustus Luparelli; "Why Teach Employability Skills?" by Larry Siefferman; "Improving Vocabulary and Reading Skills" by Edythe Conway; and "Science in Everyday Life" by Virginia Eleazer and George Carney. (SK)

Luparelli, Augustus N.; And Others

1981-01-01

249

Coping flexibility in college students with depressive symptoms  

PubMed Central

Background The current study explored the prevalence of depressed mood among Chinese undergraduate students and examined the coping patterns and degree of flexibility of flexibility of such patterns associated with such mood. Methods A set of questionnaire assessing coping patterns, coping flexibility, and depressive symptoms were administered to 428 students (234 men and 194 women). Results A total of 266 participants both completed the entire set of questionnaires and reported a frequency of two or more stressful life events (the criterion needed to calculate variance in perceived controllability). Findings showed that higher levels of depressive symptoms were significantly associated with higher levels of both event frequency (r = .368, p < .001) and event impact (r = .245, p < .001) and lower levels of perceived controllability (r = -.261, p < .001), coping effectiveness (r = -.375, p < .001), and ratio of strategy to situation fit (r = -.108, p < .05). Depressive symptoms were not significantly associated with cognitive flexibility (variance of perceived controllability; r = .031, p = .527), Gender was not a significant moderator of any of the reported associations. Conclusions Findings indicate that Chinese university students with depressive symptoms reported experiencing a greater number of negative events than did non-depressed university students. In addition, undergraduates with depressive symptoms were more likely than other undergraduates to utilize maladaptive coping methods. Such findings highlight the potential importance of interventions aimed at helping undergraduate students with a lower coping flexibility develop skills to cope with stressful life events.

2010-01-01

250

Loneliness at adolescence: Correlates, attributions, and coping  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study provides much needed empirical data on the adolescent loneliness experience. One hundred adolescents were given measures of loneliness, loneliness attributions, coping styles, and personal characteristics. Loneliness was positively related to state and trait anxiety, an external locus of control, depression, self-consciousness, and social anxiety and negatively related to self-reported attractiveness, likability, happiness, and life satisfaction. Lonely adolescents

DeWayne Moore; Norman R. Schultz

1983-01-01

251

Attributions and Coping Styles in Reducing Victimization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine the role of attributions and coping on children's victimization over time, 220 children completed questionnaires twice over a 6-month period. Direct and mediational models were tested using regressions, cross-sectionally and longitudinally. Characterological self-blame was positively related to victimization within and across time for…

Shelley, Danielle; Craig, Wendy M.

2010-01-01

252

Spirituality and Well-Being: The Relationship between Religious Coping and Recovery from Sexual Assault  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite a growing body of literature documenting beneficial outcomes of religious coping, there are virtually no studies examining sexual assault survivors' use of religious coping. To fill this gap in the literature, the current study examines predictors and outcomes of positive and negative religious coping among 100 sexual assault survivors who…

Ahrens, Courtney E.; Abeling, Samantha; Ahmad, Sarah; Hinman, Jessica

2010-01-01

253

Refining the conceptualization of a future-oriented self-regulatory behavior: Proactive coping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Proactive coping, directed at an upcoming as opposed to an ongoing stressor, is a new focus in positive psychology research. However, two differing conceptualizations of this construct create confusion. This study compared how each operationalization of proactive coping relates to well-being. Participants (N=281) facing an upcoming college examination completed the Proactive Coping Inventory (PCI; consisting of two subscales that each

Stephanie Jean Sohl; Anne Moyer

2009-01-01

254

Coping Strategy Use, Personality, and Adjustment of Parents Rearing Children with Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Parents rearing children with developmental disabilities encounter stressors that require coping and adaptation. In Glidden et al. 2006, the use of problem-focused coping strategies was more often associated with positive adjustment outcomes than was the use of emotion-focused coping strategies, and parental personality was shown to…

Glidden, L. M.; Natcher, A. L.

2009-01-01

255

Coping and Distress in Organizations: The Role of Gender in Work Stress  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates the positive value of women's interpersonal way of coping by examining coping benefits on distress depending on gender socialization in the Spanish cultural context. The participants were 332 men and 129 women employed by financial companies. Preliminary results showed that women used social support coping more frequently than men, whereas there were no gender differences in the

M. Gloria González-Morales; José M. Peiró; Isabel Rodríguez; Esther R. Greenglass

2006-01-01

256

Does Experiential Avoidance Mediate the Effects of Maladaptive Coping Styles on Psychopathology and Mental Health?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experiential avoidance (EA) is considered a risk factor for psychopathology.This study explores whether EA mediates the relationship between maladaptive coping styles (palliative, avoidance, and passive coping) and psychopathology and positive mental health. A total of 93 adults with mild to moderate psychological distress completed measures assessing coping styles, psychopathology (depression, anxiety, and alcohol use), and mental health (emotional, psychological, and

Martine Fledderus; Ernst T. Bohlmeijer; Marcel E. Pieterse

2010-01-01

257

Psychological and Religious Coping Strategies of Mothers Bereaved by the Sudden Death of a Child  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined the associations of 3 types of psychological coping (task-based, emotion-based, avoidance), 2 types of religious coping (positive, negative), and their interactions with grief of 57 mothers bereaved by the sudden death of a child. Results indicated that mothers who use emotion-based coping report significantly higher levels of…

Anderson, Miriam J.; Marwit, Samuel J.; Vandenberg, Brian; Chibnall, John T.

2005-01-01

258

Family Functioning and Coping Behaviors in Parents of Children with Autism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We analyzed family dynamics and coping behaviors of parents with a child with an autistic spectrum disorder. Previous research suggests that moderate levels of cohesion and adaptability are associated with higher levels of positive coping, and that the more coping strategies a family implements, the greater their satisfaction with family…

Altiere, Matthew J.; von Kluge, Silvia

2009-01-01

259

Coping: a critical mediating factor of stress among athletes in West African universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined coping, which is regarded as a critical mediating factor of stress among athletes in some West African universities using the ways of coping in sport sub-scales of problem focused coping; seeking social support general emotionality, increased effort and resolve, detachment, denial, wishful thinking and emphasising the positive. The descriptive survey research design was used in this study.

Olufemi Adegbola Adegbesan

260

Religious\\/spiritual coping among women trauma survivors with mental health and substance use disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the types of religious\\/spiritual coping used by women trauma survivors with co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders. Analyses based on data from 2 large racially diverse samples indicate that women from the study population rely considerably more on positive, than negative, religious coping, and that their reliance on religious coping, in general, is significantly higher than

Roger D. Fallot; Jennifer P. Heckman

2005-01-01

261

[Multidimensional assessment of coping: validation of the Brief COPE among French population].  

PubMed

This Article aims to introduce the translation and the validation of a multidimensional measure of coping strategies: the Brief COPE, in a French population. The coping concept comes from psychological studies that were conducted on stress. In the conceptual analysis of stress by Lazarus and Folkman, coping works with two cognitive appraisals performed by the person concerning the perception of a threatening situation and his or her available resources to deal with it. Coping is defined as "cognitive and behavioural efforts to master, reduce, or tolerate the internal and/or external demands that are created by the stressful transaction". The Brief COPE is the abridged version of the COPE inventory and presents fourteen scales all assessing different coping dimensions: 1) active coping, 2) planning, 3) using instrumental support, 4) using emotional support, 5) venting, 6) behavioural disengagement, 7) self-distraction, 8) self-blame, 9) positive reframing, 10) humor, 11) denial, 12) acceptance, 13) religion, and 14) substance use. Each scale contains two items (28 altogether). This inventory has the advantage of being built from acknowledged theoretical models (Lazarus' transactional model of stress, 1984; behavioral self-regulation model, Carver and Scheier, 1981, 1998). It can be used to assess trait coping (the usual way people cope with stress in everyday life) and state coping (the particular way people cope with a specific stressful situation). As is the COPE inventory, the Brief COPE is a measure used for many health-relevant studies: drugs addiction, ageing, breast cancer, depression, AIDS. Both measures are widely used in Anglophone countries and translated in many Languages. Today, the COPE inventory has been validated among Estonian, Croatian, Chinese, and Italian populations and the Brief COPE is also validated among Spanish people. Thus, the worldwide use of this coping inventory should allow a broad comparison of medical and psychological research for coping strategies regarding every kind of pathologies. Thus, we were led to present the translation and the validation of this measure in a French population. Two studies are presented in this Article: the first one describes the validation of the inventory in a dispositional format (trait coping) and the second one the validation of the inventory in a situational format (state coping). The French version of Brief COPE, which was used for both studies, was back-translated and analysed by the Brief COPE Author: Charles S. Carver. For study 1, 834 first Year university students answered the Brief COPE in its dispositional format. To study the factor structure of the Brief COPE, we used structural equation modeling and the LISREL software. Results show that the expected theoretical structure and the observed one fit adequately (c2=606, p<0,05, RMSEA=0,04, GFI>0,95, AGFI>0,92, RMR<0,03). In order to study convergent and discriminant validity of Brief COPE, self-esteem (SEI, Rosenberg, 1979), perceived stress (PSS, Cohen et al., 1983), and psychological distress (GHQ-12, Goldberg, 1972) measures were used. Results show that functional coping strategies (eg, active coping) are linked to good self-esteem, to lower perceived stress, and to lower psychological distress, whereas less functional strategies (eg, denial or self-blame) are widely linked to poor self-esteem, to a high perceived stress, and to psychological distress. Study 1 shows also several significant gender differences. Study 2 describes the Brief COPE validation in its situational format. 178 additional students answered this version. The method that was used is the same the one developed by Lazarus and his colleagues for the WCC validation. Participants were asked to recall and think about the most stressful event they had experienced during the past two Months. They were also to give an account of how much that situation mattered to them. They had to evaluate their capacity to control the situation and indicated whether they felt the situation was amenable to change. The study inc

Muller, L; Spitz, E

262

Prospective study of religious coping among patients undergoing autologous stem cell transplantation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considerable attention has focused on relationships between religious or spiritual coping and health outcomes among cancer\\u000a patients. However, few studies have differentiated among discrete dimensions of religious coping, and there have been surprisingly\\u000a few prospective investigations. Negative or conflicted aspects of religious coping, in particular, represent a compelling\\u000a area for investigation. This prospective study examined negative religious coping, positive religious

Allen C. Sherman; Thomas G. Plante; Stephanie Simonton; Umaira Latif; Elias J. Anaissie

2009-01-01

263

Bus Commuters' Coping Strategies and Anxiety from Terrorism: An Example of the Israeli Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the use of three coping strategies: (1) emotion-focused coping (calming-distraction); (2) problem-focused coping (checking-behavior); and (3) denial (reduced perceived vulnerability), and their relationship to anxiety from terrorism among 50 Israeli bus commuters. Their mean age was 31 years (60% females). Commuting frequency was negatively correlated, and problem-focused coping was positively correlated with anxiety from terrorism. Ratios of

Yori Gidron; Reuven Gal; Sa'ar Zahavi

1999-01-01

264

Positive emotional states and enhancement of the immune system.  

PubMed

Salivary immunoglobulin A (IgA) concentration increased significantly after subjects viewed a humorous videotape and did not change significantly after they viewed a didactic videotape. Scores on a questionnaire measuring the perceived use of humor as a coping skill were positively related to initial IgA concentration and inversely related to changes in IgA concentration after subjects' viewing of the humorous videotape, which implies a ceiling effect. Enhancement of the immune system may be one link between anecdotal claims of relationships between an individual's being in a positive emotional state and healing. PMID:4055243

Dillon, K M; Minchoff, B; Baker, K H

265

Impact of Age, and Cognitive and Coping Resources on Coping  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To explore the predictive value of cognitive and coping resources for problem- and emotion-focused coping with age, we collected data from community-dwelling adults between 20 and 90 years old. We hypothesized that age, perceived stress, self-efficacy, working-memory capacity, and mental flexibility were predictors of coping. We collected data…

Trouillet, Raphael; Doan-Van-Hay, Loane-Martine; Launay, Michel; Martin, Sophie

2011-01-01

266

Fibromyalgia Pain: Options for Coping  

MedlinePLUS

... Options for coping If you have fibromyalgia, difficult days are inevitable. Coping strategies range from meditation to ... Tell someone when you're having a difficult day You might be tempted to keep it to ...

267

Teaching Social Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Strategies typically used for teaching academic skills can also be used to teach disabled children to become more socially competent. They include modeling, strategic placement, correspondence training, rehearsal and practice, positive reinforcement/shaping, prompting and coaching, positive practice, and multimethod training packages. (VW)|

Carter, Jane; Sugai, George

1988-01-01

268

American Indian Life Skills Development Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This culturally relevant curriculum was developed to teach American Indian secondary school students coping and suicide prevention skills. Although the curriculum was designed for high school students, many of the lesson plans and activities can be used with middle school students. The goal is to address the significant problem of suicide among…

LaFromboise, Teresa D.

269

Teaching Imagination Skills to Lower Socioeconomic Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Imagination is an important ability for adolescents that is related to cognitive, affective, and coping skills (Donahue & Tuber, 1993; Pikard, 1990; Singer & Singer, 1981). This study involved eleven 12 to 14-year-old lower socioeconomic youth involved in a delinquency prevention program in a small, rural midwestem community. The first segment of the study involved a structured interview with each

Nancy M. Wonder; Stephen A. Rollin

1998-01-01

270

Coping and mood during aids-related caregiving and bereavement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This prospective study of a cohort of human immunodeficiency virus positive (HIV+) and HIV negative (HIV-) caregiving partners\\u000a of men with AIDS examined the contextual effects of caregiving and bereavement on coping and the association between coping\\u000a and positive and negative mood during the five months leading up to their partner's death and the five months following their\\u000a partner's death.

Judith Tedlie Moskowitz; Susan Folkman; Linda Collette; Eric Vittinghoff

1996-01-01

271

Children Coping with Chronic Illness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children who live with chronic illness are confronted with challenges that frequently force them to cope in myriad ways. The ways in which children face chronic illness are summarized in this literature review. Also covered, are how the effects of family can influence coping strategies and how family members, especially parents, cope with their…

Perez, Lissette M.

272

Coping with loneliness in childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to examine coping with loneliness during early, middle, and late childhood, which is a highly neglected research issue. Children's perceptions of coping with loneliness and coping with real loneliness experiences in the past were investigated. Interviews were conducted with 180 second, fourth, and sixth graders from Athens, Greece. Qualitative analyses of children's responses were

Elias Besevegis; Evangelia P. Galanaki

2010-01-01

273

Shop Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Shop Skills is a lesson plan which provides instruction in the safety procedures and work processes for hand and machine tools used in a metal machine shop. Specific skills include sawing, drilling, boring, grinding, lathing, and milling. After completing this module, students should be able to demonstrate proficiency in these skills through a variety of shop projects and in a final exercise that uses a combination of these skills. Note: This module is part of a modularized manufacturing technology curriculum created by the PSCME, found at www.pscme.org/educators.html.

2010-07-22

274

Black Canadians' Coping Responses to Racial Discrimination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On the basis of a cultural coping framework, the present study examined coping responses to racial discrimination among 190 Black Canadians. The study assessed the respondents' coping with both general (i.e., problem- and emotion-focused coping) and Africultural coping strategies (i.e., spiritual-centered, collective, and ritual-centered coping)…

Joseph, Justine; Kuo, Ben C. H.

2009-01-01

275

Black Canadians' Coping Responses to Racial Discrimination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|On the basis of a cultural coping framework, the present study examined coping responses to racial discrimination among 190 Black Canadians. The study assessed the respondents' coping with both general (i.e., problem- and emotion-focused coping) and Africultural coping strategies (i.e., spiritual-centered, collective, and ritual-centered coping)…

Joseph, Justine; Kuo, Ben C. H.

2009-01-01

276

An Analysis of Mental Training Programs' Influences on Intercollegiate Female Athletes' Selected Psychological Skills: A Single-Subject \\/ Qualitative Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

A single-subject\\/qualitative design was employed to determine if psychological skills training (PST) programs influenced athletes' levels and interpretations of anxiety, concentration, motiva- tion, and coping resources. Two female collegiate swimmers high in anxiety and low in motiva- tion and coping skills were selected from a participant pool of 53 swimmers, divers, volleyball, and soccer players. Both athletes completed an inventory

Michelle S. Hamstra; Kevin L. Burke; A. Barry Joyner; Charles H. Hardy

2004-01-01

277

Coping with Daily Stress: The Role of Conscientiousness  

PubMed Central

The current study examined how specific coping strategies mediate the relationship between Conscientiousness (C) and positive affect (PA) in a large, multiethnic sample. Using an internet-based daily diary approach, 366 participants (37.6% Caucasian, 30.6% Asian American, 20.7% Hispanic, 9.1% African American) completed measures that assessed daily stressors, coping strategies used to deal with those stressors, and PA over the course of five days. In addition, participants completed a measure of the Five-Factor Model of Personality. Problem-Focused coping partially mediated the relationship between C and PA. Individuals higher in C used more problem-focused coping, which, in turn, was associated with higher PA. The findings of the current study suggest C serves as a protective factor from stress through its influence on coping strategy selection. Other possible mediators in the C-PA relationship are discussed.

Bartley, Carrie E.; Roesch, Scott C.

2010-01-01

278

Psychosocial predictors of sexual HIV transmission risk behavior among HIV-positive adults with a sexual abuse history in childhood.  

PubMed

Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is associated with HIV sexual risk behavior. Although many psychosocial correlates of sexual risk among HIV-positive persons have been identified, studies predicting continued risk among HIV-positive adults with histories of CSA are limited. This cross-sectional study identified variables predictive of sexual transmission risk behavior among an ethnically diverse sample of 256 HIV-positive adults (women and men who have sex with men; MSM) with CSA histories. Participants were assessed for trauma symptoms, shame related to HIV and sexual trauma, substance use, coping style, and sexual risk behavior. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify variables predictive of unprotected sexual behavior in the past 4 months. Unprotected sex was significantly associated with substance use and trauma-related behavioral difficulties among women and men, and less spiritual coping among men. Unprotected sex with HIV negative or serostatus unknown partners was significantly associated with greater trauma-related behavioral difficulties, more HIV-related shame, and fewer active coping strategies. Thus, trauma symptoms, shame, coping style, and substance use were significantly associated with sexual risk behavior among HIV-positive adults with histories of CSA, with models of prediction differing by gender and partner serostatus. HIV prevention intervention for persons with HIV and CSA histories should address trauma-related behavioral difficulties and enhance coping skills to reduce sexual transmission risk behavior. PMID:17999171

Sikkema, Kathleen J; Hansen, Nathan B; Meade, Christina S; Kochman, Arlene; Fox, Ashley M

2007-11-13

279

[Stressful life events, health symptoms, social support and coping in early adolescents].  

PubMed

Numerous research reports have substantiated the role of stressful life events in relation to the onset of health changes. The relationship tends to hold across different age groups. Theoretically, adolescence has been considered a developmental crisis period of great stress, impoverished coping skills and high vulnerability to biological, social and psychological demands. The research problem addressed by this study was to examine the relationships between stressful life events and health symptom patterns, and the effect of two variables, coping and social support, theoretically considered to mediate the relationship between stress and health symptoms in adolescents. The following five hypotheses were tested in this research: 1. Health symptoms are positively related to stressful life events in adolescents, 2. Health symptoms are negatively related to coping in adolescents, 3. Health symptoms are negatively related to social support in adolescents, 4. When coping is controlled, the relationship between health symptoms and stressful life events will decrease, and 5. When social support is controlled, the relationship between health symptoms and stressful life events will increase. The study subjects consisted of 1090 high school students of the metropolitan city of Seoul. The following sampling procedure was used: 1. Of the 169 high schools in nine school administrative districts in the city, a proportional sample of ten schools was selected. 2. One class from each of the freshman and sophomore was randomly selected and all the students who were in the sampled class were used as the study sample. The study was limited to freshman and sophomore adolescents, aged 15 to 18 (mean = 16.6). Of the 1090 subjects 688 (63%) were boys and 402 (37%) were girls. An Adolescent Inventory of Stressful Life Events, a Health Symptom Questionnaire and an Adolescent Coping Inventory were adapted for this study. The Norbeck Social Support Questionnaire was utilized to collect the data on perceived social support. Five high school teachers in the areas of school health and counselling reviewed the items of each questionnaire for content validity. A pilot study was undertaken to ascertain reliability. Fifty three high school students responded to the questionnaires and gave their opinions on the items. For stressful life events, health symptoms, coping, and social support, the Cronbach's alpha's on the study were .70, .94, .77, and .76, respectively. Research assistants attended all the sampled classes with the school proctor to explain the purpose and procedures of the study to the students. The questionnaires along with a ballpoint pen were distributed to the students who were asked to complete each item.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:2290252

Oh, K; Han, J S

1990-12-01

280

Hardiness, coping, and burnout in the nursing workplace.  

PubMed

Relationships among hardiness, coping approach, and burnout were studied in a sample of 440 nurses. Within each of the coping approaches used, subjects with greater hardiness reported less stress in the form of burnout than did those with less hardiness (F = 36.21, df = 1, P = .001). Subjects using direct-active coping (changing the stressor, confronting the stressor, finding positive aspects in the situation) had the lowest burnout scores, and those using direct-inactive coping (ignoring the stressor, avoiding the stressor, leaving the stressor) had the highest (t = 2.267, df = 437, P < .012). chi 2 analysis identified independence between hardiness and coping approach. Analysis of variance identified no interaction between hardiness and coping behavior categories for burnout; however, the lowest burnout scores were encountered among nurses with greater hardiness who used direct-active coping behaviors. These findings suggest that both hardiness and direct-active coping approaches can be used independently or in concert to reduce burnout. Rationale is provided for preparing practitioners to engage in problem-solving approaches, assertive interaction, and active and direct methods of conflict resolution. PMID:9167407

Simoni, P S; Paterson, J J

281

The Difficulty of Maintaining Positive Intervention Effects: A Look at Disruptive Behavior, Deviant Peer Relations, and Social Skills during the Middle School Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the effects of the Fast Track preventive intervention on youths' functioning in three domains: disruptive behavior problems, involvement with deviant peers, and social skills during the middle school years. Eight hundred ninety-one children had been randomly assigned by sets of schools within four sites to intervention (n =…

Lochman, John E.; Bierman, Karen L.; Coie, John D.; Dodge, Kenneth A.; Greenberg, Mark T.; McMahon, Robert J.; Pinderhughes, Ellen E.

2010-01-01

282

Perception of coaching behaviors, coping, and achievement in a sport competition.  

PubMed

This study examined the relationship between perceived coaching behaviors, coping strategies during a sport competition, and sport achievement. A prospective design was used in which 80 athletes from individual sports completed measures of perceived coaching behaviors two days before a competition (Time 1) and measures of coping and sport achievement within three hours after a sport competition (Time 2). As expected, results of multiple regressions indicated that supportive coaching was a positive predictor of task-oriented coping and sport achievement whereas unsupportive coaching was a positive predictor of disengagement-oriented coping. Both types of coping were significantly associated with sport achievement. Task-oriented coping was a significant partial mediator in the relation between supportive coaching and sport achievement. This study, which contributes to both the coaching and coping literatures, highlights the role of supportive coaching behaviors in the initiation of effective stress management during sport competitions. PMID:21659673

Nicolas, Michel; Gaudreau, Patrick; Franche, Veronique

2011-06-01

283

Coping behaviour after shipwreck.  

PubMed

A description is given of the coping behaviour of seven men who survived a shipwreck and were not rescued until 13 days later. The principal behaviours shown by the men were attachment ideation, drive to survive, modelling, prayer and hope. Particular attention is paid to the first of these, and consideration given to its likely origins in behavioural evolution. It is proposed as a hitherto inadequately recognized coping behaviour. A follow-up examination 12 to 24 months later showed that five of the seven men available had developed substantial psychiatric disorder, while by contrast one was not only well but claimed to have been enriched by the experience. Exposure to extreme adversity or disaster may have long-term effects on mental health. Further longitudinal studies of disaster victims are necessary for the design of informed after-care. PMID:884411

Henderson, S; Bostock, T

1977-07-01

284

Effectiveness of Cognitive Process Approached Social Skills Training Program for People with Mental Retardation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to determine whether cognitive-process approach based social skills program was effective on learning and generalizing three social skills (apologizing, coping with teasing and avoiding inappropriate touching) of the nine students with mental retardation. Social skills program covered dimensions of the cognitive…

Tekinarslan, Ilknur Cifci; Sucuoglu, Bulbin

2007-01-01

285

The Relationship between Social Skills and Psycho-Social Functioning in Early Adolescence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the relationship between anxiety and performance dimensions of adolescents' social skills and their self-esteem, well-being, coping, and social support. Found that scores on a social skills measure and on measures of the four psychosocial factors were related. The social skills measure identified three subgroups (assertives,…

Bijstra, Jan O.; And Others

1994-01-01

286

Coping with Aversive Feelings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fifty-five children, ages 6–8 and 10–12 years, participated in a social cognition study on expectancies for how to cope when feeling sad, angry, afraid, hurt, or ashamed. A comparison sample of sexually abused children was also included. Five hypothetical vignettes, each featuring one of the preceding emotions, were designed such that controllability of outcome, intensity of emotion, and degree of

Carolyn Saarni

1997-01-01

287

COPE: improving maternity services.  

PubMed

Each year, almost 600,000 women die in developing countries due to pregnancy-related complications. Almost 40% of these deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa. An additional 15 million women incur pregnancy-related injuries and illnesses, some of which are lifelong. While lack of access to information and services is the main causative factor for such maternal morbidity and mortality, poor-quality existing services may also be part of the problem. Clients may receive unfriendly care, be exposed to unsafe conditions, or experience long waiting times before receiving care. COPE is a self-assessment technique to identify and solve problems first developed by AVSC in the late 1980s as a tool for improving family planning services. AVSC recently adapted COPE to help address concerns about the quality of its maternal health services. COPE facilitators from AVSC's Nairobi office and the Family Planning Private Sector successfully tested the experimental module for maternity services at the Alice Nursing Home in Kariobangi, Kenya, a poor section of Nairobi. Plans are now underway to test the module in larger hospitals and clinics. PMID:12294486

Frahn, A

1997-01-01

288

Processes Underlying Gender-Role Flexibility: Do Androgynous Individuals Know More or Know How to Cope?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examined gender-role flexibility across a variety of stressful events, and tested two proposed hypotheses that ex- plicate the processes underlying gender-role flexibility. The knowing-more hypothesis posits that androgynous individuals have a broad coping rep- ertoire. The knowing-how hypothesis posits that androgynous individuals know how to cope according to changing situational characteristics. The coping responses of Chinese university students

Cecilia Cheng

2005-01-01

289

A Problem in Online Interpersonal Skills Training: Do Learners Practice Skills?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One problem found when teaching interpersonal skills online is learners' lack of opportunity for skill practice. The online learning environment is deficient in face-to-face interaction, and opportunities for self-regulation make it difficult to ensure learners practice skills despite the positive effects of such practice on skill improvement. The…

Doo, Min Young

2006-01-01

290

Helping parents cope with infant crying.  

PubMed

Infant crying can be a problem because parents often receive conflicting advice about crying from relatives, friends, childrearing "experts," and health professionals. Nurses are in a unique position to counsel parents about this aspect of childrearing. Infant crying as a signal is discussed, and research related to infant crying is reviewed. Recommendations are given for nurses counseling parents about coping with infant crying. PMID:6553109

Newton, L D

291

Preadolescent gender differences in associations between temperament, coping and mood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relationships between temperament, coping, depressive and aggressive mood in 8–12-year-old boys (n = 185) and girls (n = 219) were investigated, with a focus on gender differences. Children completed two self-report questionnaires: the Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire-Revised and Children's Coping Strategies Checklist-Revised1. Comparing boys and girls on three temperament dimensions, positive affectivity, negative affectivity and effortful control, girls scored higher

Boo de G. M; M. Spiering

2010-01-01

292

Assessing Cognitive and Behavioral Coping Strategies in Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective was to examine the psychometric qualities of a Dutch version of the Coping Strategies Checklist for Children\\u000a (CCSC-R1) in the Netherlands and to replicate the 4-factor coping model that was established in an American population. Confirmatory\\u000a factor analyses were used to investigate the factorial structure underlying the 13 subscales. A 5-factor model in which Positive\\u000a Cognitive Restructuring was

Gerly M. de Boo; Jelte M. Wicherts

2009-01-01

293

Coping With Intergenerational Family Conflict Among Asian American College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two coping strategies—problem solving and social support seeking—were hypothesized to differentially moderate the effects of intergenerational family conflict on well-being and adjustment in a college sample of 117 Asian American young adult children. Results indicated that social support served as a protective-stabilizing factor that buffered the effects of family conflict on positive affect and somatic distress. Problem-solving coping served as

Richard M. Lee; Jenny Su; Emiko Yoshida

2005-01-01

294

Religious Coping in College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three religious-coping profiles (Self-directing, Deferring\\/Collaborative, and Eclectic) have been identified in previous research with cardiac-transplantation candidates. This study examines the existence of religious-coping styles in college students and tests the role of religious coping as a stress moderator of psychological and physical symptoms. Additional potential stress buffers were included to help explain the relationship between stress and symptomatology more completely.

Misty R. Kolchakian; Samuel F. Sears

1999-01-01

295

Coping with Job Transitions over the Work Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a A job transition is a process involving a number of steps, including thinking about goals and skills, evaluating the potential\\u000a job market, conducting the job search, managing personal reactions, and negotiating entry into the new organization. As both\\u000a a common and impactful transition of modern life, it is important to examine the factors associated with coping with job transitions.\\u000a Specifically,

John R. Rudisill; Jean M. Edwards; Paul J. Hershberger; Joyce E. Jadwin; John M. McKee

296

Ethnicity and religious coping with mental distress  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: There is a growing evidence base for how people use religious and spiritual coping, and how coping patterns differ between ethnic groups. Aims: To describe what constitutes religious coping and compare patterns of religious coping across ethnic groups. Methods: In-depth interviews were completed by 116 people recruited from six ethnic groups. Subjects described how they cope with mental distress;

Kamaldeep Bhui; Michael King; Simon Dein; William O'Connor

2008-01-01

297

Is academic buoyancy anything more than adaptive coping?  

PubMed

Academic buoyancy refers to a positive, constructive, and adaptive response to the types of challenges and setbacks experienced in a typical and everyday academic setting. In this project we examined whether academic buoyancy explained any additional variance in test anxiety over and above that explained by coping. Two hundred and ninety-eight students in their final two years of compulsory schooling completed self-report measures of academic buoyancy, coping, and test anxiety. Results suggested that buoyancy was inversely related to test anxiety and unrelated to coping. With the exception of test-irrelevant thoughts, test anxiety was positively related to avoidance coping and social support. Test-irrelevant thoughts were inversely related to task focus, unrelated to social support, and positively related to avoidance. A hierarchical regression analysis showed that academic buoyancy explained a significant additional proportion of variance in test anxiety when the variance for coping had already been accounted for. These findings suggest that academic buoyancy can be considered as a distinct construct from that of adaptive coping. PMID:21644112

Putwain, David W; Connors, Liz; Symes, Wendy; Douglas-Osborn, Erica

2011-06-28

298

Religious\\/spiritual coping and adjustment in individuals with cancer: unanswered questions, important trends, and future directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thune-Boyle, Stygall, Keshtgar, and Newman's (2006) literature review generated inconclusive findings regarding the relationship between religious coping and illness adjustment in cancer patients. This paper aims to review studies following Thune-Boyle et al. (2006), as well as to categorise trends not previously addressed. Increasingly, current research conceptualises religious coping multidimensionally. Separating religious coping into positive and negative dimensions, negative religious

Megan E. Lavery; Erin L. O’Hea

2010-01-01

299

Longitudinal evaluation of the relationship between maladaptive trauma coping and distress: examination following the mass shooting at Virginia Tech  

Microsoft Academic Search

Growing evidence supports that the coping strategies that individuals utilize are a key predictor of distress following trauma. However, there is limited longitudinal research examining the relationship between psychological distress and coping over time, and even less research examining the possibility of reciprocal relationships between distress and coping, despite the fact that prior theoretical work posits such a relationship. The

Heather Littleton; Danny Axsom; Amie E. Grills-Taquechel

2011-01-01

300

Observer-rated Coping Associated with Borderline Personality Disorder: An Exploratory Study.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: Little is known about coping specificities, as operationalization of the concept of affect regulation, in borderline personality disorder (BPD). It is most important to take into account methodological criticisms addressed to the self-report questionnaire approach and to compare BPD coping specificities to the ones of neighbouring diagnostic categories, such as bipolar disorder (BD). SAMPLING AND METHODS: The present exploratory study compared the coping profiles of N?=?25 patients presenting BPD to those of N?=?25 patients presenting BD and to those of N?=?25 healthy controls. All participants underwent a clinical interview that was transcribed and rated using the Coping Patterns observer-rater system. RESULTS: Results partially confirmed study hypotheses and showed differences between BPD patients and healthy controls in all coping domains (competence, resources and autonomy), whereas the only coping domain presenting a BPD-specific lack of skills, compared with the BD patients, was autonomy, a set of coping strategies facing stress appraised as challenge. These coping processes were linked to general and BPD symptomatology. CONCLUSIONS: These results extend conclusions of earlier studies on affect regulation processes in BPD and bear important clinical implications, in the context of dialectical behavior therapy and other therapeutic approaches. Limitations of this exploratory study, such as the small sample size, are acknowledged. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. KEY PRACTITIONER MESSAGE: Coping can be reliably assessed in the narrative process in an non-structured interview frame. Patients with borderline personality disorder present with a specific lack of skills in affect regulation related to autonomy issues, compared to patients with bipolar disorder and healthy controls. Lack of skills in accommodation to distressing emotions in borderline personality disorder is related to symptom gravity and may be treated using radical acceptance strategies. PMID:23281000

Kramer, Ueli

2012-12-19

301

[The relationship between the family system and the family coping among families with a chronically ill child].  

PubMed

The purposes of this study were to identify the family coping strategies among families with chronically ill children and to explore the relationship between the family system (variables), the family burden and the family coping. One hundred fifty-two families with chronically ill children were studied. The Japanese version of Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales II and the Family Coping Behavior Inventory II were used. The result were 1) the family cohesion and adaptability in families with a chronically ill child tended to be lower than normal families; 2) the integration coping pattern was positively related with family cohesion and the family burden; 3) the problem solving coping pattern was positively related with the family burden; 4) the normalization coping pattern was negatively related with the family burden and positively related with the family cohesion; 5) the crisis response coping pattern was positively related with the family burden and negatively related with the family cohesion. PMID:8061780

Nojima, S; Nakano, A; Miyai, C

1994-03-01

302

The relationship of religious and general coping to psychological adjustment and distress in urban adolescents.  

PubMed

The present study explored the relationships among stress, general and religious coping, and mental health in a sample of urban adolescents. The participants included 587 9th- through 12th-grade students attending two Catholic high schools in the New York City area. They completed a set of self-report measures assessing perceived stress, religious coping, general coping, clinical symptomology, positive and negative affect, and life satisfaction. Correlation and regression analyses were used to describe relationships among variables. Perceived stress, negative religious coping, and avoidant coping were significantly associated with indicators of psychological distress. Conversely, positive religious coping and active/engagement coping were significantly associated with indicators of psychological adjustment. Negative religious coping also was found to moderate the relationship between perceived stress and positive affect. Finally, partial correlational analyses revealed significant relationships between religious coping and mental health indicators, even after controlling for the contributions of general coping. Implications of the findings for research and clinical practice with adolescent populations are considered. PMID:22130582

Terreri, Cydney J; Glenwick, David S

2013-12-01

303

Executive Function, Coping, and Behavior in Survivors of Childhood Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia*  

PubMed Central

Objective?To examine the role of executive function in coping and behavioral outcomes in childhood acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) survivors.?Methods?We examined associations among several domains of executive function (working memory, behavioral inhibition, cognitive flexibility, and self-monitoring), coping, and emotional/behavioral problems in 30 children and adolescents ages 10- to 20-years old who completed treatment for ALL and 30 healthy controls matched on age and sex.?Results?We found partial support for our hypothesis that performance on executive function measures is associated with strategies used to cope with stress, and emotional and behavioral problems in ALL survivors.?Conclusions?Findings suggest that executive function impairment may be associated with difficulties in coping and emotion regulation in a subgroup of children treated for ALL. Directions for future research on executive function deficits and coping skills in survivors of pediatric ALL are suggested.

Scaduto, Mary; Van Slyke, Deborah; Niarhos, Frances; Whitlock, James A.

2009-01-01

304

Development of the Coping Flexibility Scale: Evidence for the Coping Flexibility Hypothesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Coping flexibility" was defined as the ability to discontinue an ineffective coping strategy (i.e., evaluation coping) and produce and implement an alternative coping strategy (i.e., adaptive coping). The Coping Flexibility Scale (CFS) was developed on the basis of this definition. Five studies involving approximately 4,400 Japanese college…

Kato, Tsukasa

2012-01-01

305

Poor Coping Skills Hurt Kids' Quality of Life  

MedlinePLUS

... which doctors can identify a medical cause, called organic pain, and another type with no clear source, ... so it may be harder to pin down. Organic stomach pain may be accompanied by obvious symptoms ...

306

Social support and coping in Turkish patients with cancer.  

PubMed

This study was conducted with the aim of determining the relationship between social support and coping strategies in cancer patients and that between the sociodemographic and medical properties of patients. One hundred forty-eight cancer patients admitted to an oncology and hematology clinic in Erzurum were studied. The data were collected using a questionnaire that determines sociodemographic features: the Ways of Coping Inventory and the Perceived Social Support From Family Scale. Among the coping strategies, patients were found to use unconfident approach (emotion focused) (16.8 +/- 5.5) the most and seeking social support (problem focused) (8.3 +/- 2.6) the least. Mean +/- SD score for perceived social support from the family was 15.9 +/- 2.7. Significant correlations were found among social support and coping strategies. We found a negative correlation between social support and emotion-focused coping strategies (unconfident approach and submissive approach). As the social support scores increased, scores regarding emotion-focused coping strategies decreased. On the other hand, there was a positive correlation between social support and problem-focused coping strategies (confident approach, optimistic approach, and seeking social support); that is, mean social support scores increased as the mean problem-focused coping strategy scores increased. This result implies that families have important roles for patients and should be educated and supported by healthcare professionals in approaching patients in a knowing way. In addition to the results, this study could be used to help develop nursing interventions and efficient coping strategies. Patients may then be able to use the latter to solve symptom-associated distress, consequently enhancing their quality of life. PMID:18025923

Tan, Mehtap

307

Stress, coping and problem solving  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines the developing consensus on the nature of stress. It offers a definition of stress as a psychological state derived from the person's appraisal of their ability to cope with the demands which are made of them. The paper then examines the concept of coping and explores its role in stress theory. It contrasts two different approaches to

Tom Cox

1987-01-01

308

How Hindus Cope with Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article reviews how the belief in the law of karma helps Hindus cope with disability. Karma is neither divine retribution nor inevitable fate. One can mitigate the results of past karma and improve present and future karma by acts of piety and good deeds. Although the law of karma sometimes causes negative coping by evoking the feelings of guilt

Vidya Bhushan Gupta

2011-01-01

309

Intergenerational Child Abuse and Coping  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many studies have investigated the consequences of child sexual abuse (CSA) but few have examined the intergenerational effects of poly-victimization and maladaptive coping. The purpose of this investigation was to examine patterns of maltreatment and maladaptive coping among second-generation CSA survivors. It is hypothesized that: (a) maternal…

Robboy, Juliet; Anderson, Kristen G.

2011-01-01

310

Examining the Coping Response to Peer Relational Aggression Victimization  

PubMed Central

Purpose. Relational aggression, rumor spreading, backstabbing, and social isolation, is psychologically damaging for adolescent girls. The purpose of this study was to provide an explanation of victimization response after experiencing peer relational aggression victimization. Methods. Grounded theory techniques were used to gain an understanding of the victimization experience and the coping responses used. Findings. A theory of coping after experiencing peer relational aggression victimization was generated. Girls voiced feelings of hurt and anger after the experience and expressed the following ways of coping as a result: distancing from others, retaliation against the aggressor, discussing their feelings with friends and family, writing their feelings down, and/or confronting the aggressor. Clinical Implications. Nurses should be aware of the phenomenon and asses, for incidences of relational aggression victimization so that they may provide strategies to assist the adolescent and her family with positive coping mechanisms in order to prevent maladaptive responses.

Gomes, Melissa M.

2011-01-01

311

Psychology and theology meet: illness appraisal and spiritual coping.  

PubMed

This descriptive exploratory study explored illness appraisal and spiritual coping of three groups of individuals with life-threatening illness. These were hospice clients with cancer (Ca; n = 10), clients with first myocardial infarction (MI; n = 6), and parents of children with cystic fibrosis (CF; n = 16). Qualitative data were collected by audiotaped face-to-face interviews (parents) and focus groups (MI and Ca). Similarities in illness appraisal and spiritual coping were found across the three groups except appreciation of crafts, which was found only in clients with Ca and causal meaning of parents (CF). Overall, illness was appraised negatively and positively, whereas spiritual coping incorporated existential and religious coping. These findings confirm the psychological theory (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984) and theological theory (Otto, 1950), which guided this study. Recommendations were proposed to integrate spirituality and religiosity in the curricula, clinical practice and to conduct cross-cultural comparative longitudinal research. PMID:22514125

Baldacchino, Donia R; Borg, Josette; Muscat, Charlene; Sturgeon, Cassandra

2012-04-17

312

Positive Education: Positive Psychology and Classroom Interventions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Positive education is defined as education for both traditional skills and for happiness. The high prevalence worldwide of depression among young people, the small rise in life satisfaction, and the synergy between learning and positive emotion all argue that the skills for happiness should be taught in school. There is substantial evidence from…

Seligman, Martin E. P.; Ernst, Randal M.; Gillham, Jane; Reivich, Karen; Linkins, Mark

2009-01-01

313

The relationship between perceptions of the classroom goal structure and early adolescents' affect in school: The mediating role of coping strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the relations among students' perceptions of the goal structure in the classroom, the self-report of coping strategies, and affect in school. We hypothesized that perceptions of a task goal structure would be associated with positive coping strategies, and in turn with positive affect; and that perceptions of an ability goal structure would be associated with projective coping,

Avi Kaplan; Carol Midgley

1999-01-01

314

Sharing Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three articles describe methods for teaching library skills. The first presents a song used to teach students the Dewey Decimal system; the second describes a reading program incorporating Halloween and foreign countries; and the third includes short poems designed to teach students to care for library books properly. (CLB)

Mealy, Virginia; And Others

1987-01-01

315

Sharing Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three articles describe methods for teaching library skills. The first presents a song used to teach students the Dewey Decimal system; the second describes a reading program incorporating Halloween and foreign countries; and the third includes short poems designed to teach students to care for library books properly. (CLB)|

Mealy, Virginia; And Others

1987-01-01

316

Skills Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The services of the Living Skills Center for the Visually Handicapped, a habilitative service for blind young adults, are described. It is explained that the Center houses its participants in their own apartments in a large complex and has served over 70 young people in 4 years. The evaluation section describes such assessment instruments as an…

Canter, Patricia; And Others

317

The moderating effect of avoidant coping on restrained eaters' risk for disinhibited eating: implications for dietary relapse prevention.  

PubMed

Avoidant coping style was tested as a moderating variable for the effect of ego threat on chronic dieters' (restrained eaters) risk for disinhibited eating. Young women (n=146) were randomly assigned to a speech threat or to a no threat condition and then participated in a bogus ice cream taste test. Analyses of covariance revealed that restrained eaters who scored higher on a standardized measure of avoidant coping consumed significantly more ice cream than restrained eaters who scored lower on avoidant coping regardless of the threat condition to which they were assigned. The findings suggest that dieters prone to using avoidant coping strategies may be particularly vulnerable to overeating and, therefore, could be at risk for lapses in dietary restraint. Hence, dietary relapse prevention programs might target dieters who tend to use avoidant coping strategies for cognitive-behavioral therapy to teach them adaptive coping skills. PMID:17466939

Lee, Joycelyn M; Greening, Leilani; Stoppelbein, Laura

2007-03-18

318

Coping with Changes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this Science NetLinks lesson is to understand how the nervous system allows us to learn, remember, and cope with changes in the environment. In grades 3-5, students start viewing the body as one whole system, as one whole organism. In the 6th grade and up, students should start to understand how organs and organ systems work together. For instance, the brain is part of the nervous system and works in conjunction with neurons (cells). The nervous system works with all other body systems, such as the musculoskeletal system. The activities in this lesson introduce the nervous system, both in parts and as a whole. By learning about the whole system, students will understand that the brain, spinal cord, and nerve cells are at the root of all other body functions.

Science Netlinks;

2001-10-20

319

Hurricane! Coping With Disaster  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new AGU book, Hurricane! Coping With Disaster, analyzes the progress made in hurricane science and recounts how advances in the field have affected the public's and the scientific community's understanding of these storms. The book explores the evolution of hurricane study, from the catastrophic strike in Galveston, Texas in 1900—still the worst natural disaster in United States history—to today's satellite and aircraft observations that track a storm's progress and monitor its strength. In this issue, Eos talks with Robert Simpson, the books' senior editor.Simpson has studied severe storms for more than 60 years, including conducting one of the first research flights through a hurricane in 1945. He was the founding director of the (U.S.) National Hurricane Research Project and has served as director of the National Hurricane Center. In collaboration with Herbert Saffir, Simpson helped design and implement the Saffir/Simpson damage potential scale that is widely used to identify potential damage from hurricanes.

Lifland, Jonathan

320

Family Functioning and Coping Behaviors in Parents of Children with Autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyzed family dynamics and coping behaviors of parents with a child with an autistic spectrum disorder. Previous research\\u000a suggests that moderate levels of cohesion and adaptability are associated with higher levels of positive coping, and that\\u000a the more coping strategies a family implements, the greater their satisfaction with family functioning. Using a family systems\\u000a approach, the relationships among the

Matthew J. Altiere; Silvia von Kluge

2009-01-01

321

Self-Esteem, Social Support, Internalized Homophobia, and Coping Strategies of HIV+ Gay Men  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship was examined between self-esteem, social support, internalized homophobia, and coping strategies used by HIV-positive (HIV+) gay men (N = 89) and between the use of coping strategies and mood state. Multiple regressions were conducted with avoidant (escape avoidance, accepting responsibility) and proactive (seeking social support, planful problem solving) coping serving as criterion variables. Greater homophobia and less self-esteem

William Dean Nicholson; Bonita C. Long

1990-01-01

322

Antecedents and Outcomes of Coping Behaviors Among Unemployed and Reemployed Individuals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined 3 predictors (self-esteem, perceived control, and optimism) and 3 outcomes (short-term mental health, reemployment, and long-term mental health) of coping behavior among unemployed individuals in a longitudinal context. The predictors and outcomes had differential relationships with the 5 coping behaviors (proactive search, nonwork organization, positive self-assessment, distancing from loss, and job devaluation) assessed. Two interactions between coping

Connie R. Wanberg

1997-01-01

323

Sources of occupational stress and coping strategies among nurses who work in Admission and Emergency Departments of Hospitals related to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Occupational stress is a recognized problem in health care workers. Nursing has been identified as an occupation that has high levels of stress. This study aimed to investigate the sources of job stress and the adopted coping strategies of nurses who were working in an Accident and emergency department. METHODS: In this descriptive survey ninety emergency ward nurses from three large teaching hospitals in Shiraz were involved. The data was collected through a self-administered questionnaire to identify the sources of job stress and nurse's profile and Lazarus standard questionnaires to determine the types of coping strategies. RESULTS: The greatest proportion of respondents was women (86.7%), between 23-50 years old with less than 5 years of experience (56.7%). The following stressors were identified: problems related to physical environment, work load, dealing with patients or their relatives and handling their anger, being exposed to health and safety hazards, lack of support by nursing administrators, absence of the corresponding physician in the emergency room and lack of equipment. The most common strategy used by nurses was self-controlling and Positive Reappraisal and the least common strategy was accepting the responsibility. In this study large proportion of nurses used an emotion-focused strategy while Problem-focused approaches were generally less used. CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded that coping skills, positive reappraisal and self-controlling are extremely important for emergency department nurses.

Gholamzadeh, Sakineh; Sharif, Farkhondeh; Rad, Fereshteh Dehghan

2011-01-01

324

Religious coping, posttraumatic stress, psychological distress, and posttraumatic growth among female survivors four years after Hurricane Katrina.  

PubMed

Positive and negative religious coping strategies and their relation with posttraumatic stress (PTS), psychological distress, and posttraumatic growth (PTG) were examined in the context of Hurricane Katrina. Positive religious coping was hypothesized to be associated with PTG, whereas negative religious coping was hypothesized to be associated with PTS and psychological distress. Low-income mothers (N = 386, mean age = 25.4 years, SD = 4.43) were surveyed before, and 1 and 4 years after the storm. Results from structural regression modeling indicated that negative religious coping was associated with psychological distress, but not PTS. Positive religious coping was associated with PTG. Further analysis indicated significant indirect effects of pre- and postdisaster religiousness on postdisaster PTG through positive religious coping. Findings underscore the positive and negative effect of religious variables in the context of a natural disaster. PMID:23529889

Chan, Christian S; Rhodes, Jean E

2013-03-25

325

Gender and coping: The dual-axis model of coping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examined a dual-axis model of coping that included both action (active vs. passive) and social dimensions (prosocial vs. antisocial)\\u000a of coping strategies among a combined sample of students and community residents. We developed an assessment device to represent\\u000a the model and allow investigation. Mixed support for the model and instrument were noted. Women were more prosocial than men\\u000a in their

Stevan E. Hobfoll; Carla L. Dunahoo; Yossef Ben-Porath; Jeannine Monnier

1994-01-01

326

Skill puzzles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These are short exercises that allow students practice with concepts in Structural Geology, Tectonics, or Geophysics. (Many of them were designed with Eric Horsman.) The basic idea is to give students opportunities for frequent practice with difficult concepts, many of which require spatial visualization skills. These activities nearly always fit on a half-sheet of paper, and include a visual and verbal component. Instructors may use them for formative assessment or as group activities in class.

Titus, Sarah

327

Relationships between coping strategies and defense mechanisms in sport performance.  

PubMed

In an exploratory study, the relationships between two major concepts in psychological adjustment, coping strategies, and defense mechanisms were investigated. Sport competition is an example of a real-world context in which people's responses to stressful situations can be investigated. The extent to which participants reported different uses of coping strategies and defense mechanisms was assessed in terms of performance. 26 elite kayakers were classified into one of two groups, depending on the discrepancy between their standard performance and their performance in competition. Correlations were found among the coping strategies of seeking social support, positive reappraisal/planful problem solving, and mature defenses and between the coping strategy of distancing/avoidance and immature defenses. The results of multivariate and univariate analyses confirmed a significantly different use of coping strategies and defense mechanisms between the two performance groups. In light of these findings, certain recommendations in terms of methodology and application are warranted. Coping strategies and defense mechanisms should be studied to improve adjustment to sport performance. PMID:19320208

Nicolas, Michel; Jebrane, Ahmed

2008-12-01

328

Exploring the experiences and coping strategies of international medical students  

PubMed Central

Background Few studies have addressed the challenges that international medical students face and there is a dearth of information on the behavioural strategies these students adopt to successfully progress through their academic program in the face of substantial difficulties of language barrier, curriculum overload, financial constraints and assessment tasks that require high proficiency in communication skills. Methods This study was designed primarily with the aim of enhancing understanding of the coping strategies, skill perceptions and knowledge of assessment expectations of international students as they progress through the third and fourth years of their medical degree at the School of Medicine, University of Tasmania, Australia. Results Survey, focus group discussion and individual interviews revealed that language barriers, communication skills, cultural differences, financial burdens, heavy workloads and discriminatory bottlenecks were key factors that hindered their adaptation to the Australian culture. Quantitative analyses of their examination results showed that there were highly significant (p < 0.001) variations between student performances in multiple choice questions, short answer questions and objective structured clinical examinations (70.3%, 49.7% & 61.7% respectively), indicating existence of communication issues. Conclusions Despite the challenges, these students have adopted commendable coping strategies and progressed through the course largely due to their high sense of responsibility towards their family, their focus on the goal of graduating as medical doctors and their support networks. It was concluded that faculty needs to provide both academic and moral support to their international medical students at three major intervention points, namely point of entry, mid way through the course and at the end of the course to enhance their coping skills and academic progression. Finally, appropriate recommendations were made.

2011-01-01

329

Psychosocial Stressors and Patterns of Coping in Adolescent Suicide Attempters  

PubMed Central

Context: Different risk factors associated with adolescent suicide attempts have been identified including those of socio-demographic and clinical variables. Relatively, little research has been done in the area of their stressors and coping patterns. Aims: To study the recent psychosocial stressors and patterns of coping associated with adolescent suicide attempts. Settings and Design: Tertiary care hospital, case-control study. Materials and Methods: One hundred consecutive cases of adolescent attempted suicide admitted to the hospital and an equal number of controls, matched individually for age and sex, from the relatives and friends of other patients in the ward, were studied. Assessment included details regarding socio-demographic data, psychiatric and physical morbidity, their recent stressors, and patterns of coping. Stressors were assessed using Presumptive Stressful Life Event Scale and coping strategies by Ways of Coping Questionnaire (revised). Statistical Analysis: Chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results: The number of stressful life events and mean stress scores in the preceding 1 month and certain coping strategies such as confronting, distancing, and escape-avoidance were found to be significant risk factors associated with adolescent suicide attempts. Strategies such as self-control, seeking social support, accepting responsibilities, problem solving, and positive appraisal act as protective factors. Conclusions: Recent stressors and strategies such as confronting, distancing, and escape-avoidance are significant risk factors associated with adolescent suicide attempts, whereas certain coping strategies act as protective factors. Teaching adolescents these protective coping patterns may be a promising strategy for prevention of adolescent suicide attempts.

Mathew, Anju; Nanoo, Subha

2013-01-01

330

Influence of coping strategies on somatic symptoms in pregnant Spanish women: differences between women with and without a previous miscarriage.  

PubMed

The aim of this research was to analyze the relation between coping strategies and somatic symptomatology in pregnant Spanish women and the influence of a previous miscarriage on these variables. We used a correlational retrospective design, which included 207 expectant mothers (44 with a previous miscarriage). The instruments included a questionnaire on coping with stress and questions about first-trimester symptoms. Regression analysis showed a significant positive relationship between sleep disturbances and overt emotional expression coping, between tiredness/fatigue and avoidance coping, and between nausea and religious coping. The influence of coping strategies on somatic symptomatology did not differ significantly between women who had had or had not had a previous miscarriage, although women with a previous miscarriage scored higher on the use of religious coping and positive reappraisal and reported more nausea. PMID:21439789

Marín-Morales, Dolores; Carmona-Monge, Francisco J; Peñacoba-Puente, Cecilia; Díaz-Sánchez, Verónica; García-Huete, María E

2011-03-24

331

Validation of the Mindful Coping Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this research is to develop and validate a self-report measure of mindfulness and coping, the mindful coping scale (MCS). Dimensions of mindful coping were theoretically deduced from mindfulness theory and coping theory. The MCS was empirically evaluated by use of factor analyses, reliability testing and nomological network validation.…

Tharaldsen, Kjersti B.; Bru, Edvin

2011-01-01

332

Coping with Work-Related Stress  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the coping behavior of a sample of young professional engineers in response to stress “incidents” experienced at work. Subjects were specifically asked to limit their recall to an incident occurring within the preceding 14 days. A primary analysis was made of the coping behavior exhibited, from which five classes of coping behavior were derived. Coping behavior was

T. J. Newton; A. Keenan

1985-01-01

333

Hippocampal levels of ChAT, PKA, phospho-PKA and phospho-CaMKII? but not CaMKII? positively correlate with spatial learning skills in rats.  

PubMed

Despite very extensive investigations on molecular processes underlying memory formation, there are very few studies examining potential differences in the brain biochemistry between "good" and "poor" learners belonging to a random population of young animals. In the present study, an attempt was made to correlate individual variation in spatial learning in young-adult Long-Evans rats with hippocampal levels of protein kinase A (PKA), calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II alpha (CaMKII?), and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT). Additionally, in order to indirectly estimate the activity of CaMKII? and PKA, hippocampal levels of their phosphorylated forms (pCaMKII? and pPKA) were assessed using Western blot technique. Rats were classified as "good" and "poor" learners on the basis of their performance in a partially baited 12-arm radial maze. The biochemical assays did not reveal a significant difference in the basal hippocampal levels of the CaMKII?, however, the level of pCaMKII?, was significantly higher in "good" learners. Also, hippocampal levels of both PKA and pPKA, as well as that of ChAT, were significantly higher in "good" as compared to "poor" learners. Our results suggest that the differences in the expression level of PKA and ChAT (but not of CaMKII?), as well as the differences in the activation of both PKA and CaMKII?, may contribute to the individual variation in learning skills and episodic-like memory in a random population of young-adult subjects. PMID:23643989

Gökçek-Saraç, Çi?dem; Adal?, Orhan; Jakubowska-Do?ru, Ewa

2013-05-02

334

Black Intrapsychic Survival Skills: Alteration of States of Consciousness  

PubMed Central

Psychiatry tends to be interested only in states of consciousness as they relate to psychopathology. In this paper the author presents the thesis that the ability to alter one's state of consciousness is in fact a survival skill useful in coping with the physiologic and psychologic effects of stress. Furthermore, he discusses techniques indigenous to black culture for altering states of consciousness and gives phenomenologic black transcultural evidence that black culture is quite sophisticated in the area of intrapsychic survival skills.

Bell, Carl C.

1982-01-01

335

Helping Kids Cope with War.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents six suggestions on how teachers can help students cope with the Persian Gulf crisis, as well as information on additional resources and a list of organizations and activities that provide an outlet for students' anxiety. (SM)

Instructor, 1991

1991-01-01

336

Coping with a New Injury  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

Experts \\ Coping with a New Injury Topics Adult Injuries Spinal Cord Injury 101 The Basics of SCI Rehabilitation Preventing Pressure Sores Transition from Hospital to Home Spasticity, Physical Therapy- ...

337

Student life - Coping with dyslexia.  

PubMed

Some students do not discover that they have dyslexia until they reach university and the realisation can be both a shock and a relief. Many develop good coping strategies and may not disclose their disability. PMID:24063501

Day, Karen

2013-09-25

338

Empowering adolescents with life skills education in schools - School mental health program: Does it work?  

PubMed Central

Aim: Mental Health Promotion among adolescents in schools using life skills education (LSE) and teachers as life skill educators is a novel idea. Implementation and impact of the NIMHANS model of life skills education program studied. Materials and Methods: The impact of the program is evaluated at the end of 1 year in 605 adolescents from two secondary schools in comparison to 423 age, sex, socioeconomic status-matched adolescents from nearby schools not in the program. Results: The adolescents in the program had significantly better self-esteem (P=0.002), perceived adequate coping (P=0.000), better adjustment generally (P=0.000), specifically with teachers (P=0.000), in school (P=0.001), and prosocial behavior (P=0.001). There was no difference between the two groups in psychopathology (P - and adjustment at home and with peers (P=0.088 and 0.921). Randomly selected 100 life skill educator-teachers also perceived positive changes in the students in the program in class room behavior and interaction. LSE integrated into the school mental health program using available resources of schools and teachers is seen as an effective way of empowering adolescents.

Srikala, Bharath; Kishore, Kumar K. V.

2010-01-01

339

Accommodative coping in early adolescence: An investigation of possible developmental components.  

PubMed

Despite fruitful research on some aspects of adolescent coping, the development of specific coping mechanisms still remains a neglected topic. The present empirical study with 535 early adolescents (M = 12.60 years) and their parents examines possible developmental components of accommodative coping competences. Using latent path modelling, we investigated how specific components of four sets of variables (cognitive abilities, experiences in life, goal disengagement, and parental influences) contributed to accommodative coping capacities in the adolescents. Direct effects (e.g., specific cognitive abilities, parental influences) and indirect effects (e.g., positive experiences in life) on accommodative coping were identified for the components investigated. Future research should focus on the relevance of these components for the development of accommodative coping capacities. PMID:24011113

Thomsen, Tamara; Greve, Werner

2013-08-27

340

Approach and avoidance coping responses among older problem and nonproblem drinkers.  

PubMed

The Coping Responses Inventory (CRI) was used to study coping among older problem and nonproblem drinkers. The CRI organizes coping efforts according to their focus (approach or avoidance) and method (cognitive or behavioral). Compared with nonproblem drinkers, older problem drinkers were more likely to use cognitive and behavioral avoidance responses to manage life stressors. Problem drinkers who experienced more negative life events and more severe stressors used both more approach and more avoidance coping. Those who had more financial and social resources relied more on approach and less on avoidance coping. Problem drinkers who relied more on avoidance coping tended to have more drinking problems and to report more depression and physical symptoms and less self-confidence. Positive reappraisal was associated with less depression and more self-confidence. PMID:2180432

Moos, R H; Brennan, P L; Fondacaro, M R; Moos, B S

1990-03-01

341

Older women living and coping with domestic violence.  

PubMed

Although domestic violence is seen as a serious public health issue for women worldwide, international evidence suggests that women aged over 50 who are victims are suffering in silence because the problem is often ignored by health professionals. More U.K. research is needed to identify the extent of the problem, and services to meet the needs of older women. This study aims to bridge this gap by gaining a deeper understanding of how 'older women' cope with domestic violence and how it affects their wellbeing. Eighteen older women who were currently, or had been in an abusive relationship were recruited. Semi-structured interview schedules were used to discuss the personal nature of DV and its effects on wellbeing, ways of coping and sources of support. Findings suggest that living in a domestically violent context has extremely negative effects on older women's wellbeing leading to severe anxiety and depression. Three-quarters of the women defined themselves as in 'very poor' mental and physical health and were using pathogenic coping mechanisms, such as excessive and long-term use of alcohol, prescription and non-prescription drugs and cigarettes. This negative coping increased the likelihood of these women experiencing addiction to drugs and alcohol dependence and endangered their health in the longer term. Our findings suggest that health professionals must receive appropriate education to gain knowledge and skills in order to deal effectively and support older women experiencing domestic violence. PMID:23469739

Lazenbatt, Anne; Devaney, John; Gildea, Aideen

2013-02-01

342

Parental support, coping strategies, and psychological adjustment: An integrative model with late adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to apply an Integrative predictive model to examine interrelationships among parental support, adaptive coping strategies, and psychological adjustment among late adolescents. Findings using new measures of parental support and adaptive coping with 241 eighteen-year-old college freshmen supported hypotheses. Social support from both mother and father and a nonconflictual relationship between parents were positively associated

Charles J. Holahan; David P. Valentiner; Rudolf H. Moos

1995-01-01

343

Does Experiential Avoidance Mediate the Effects of Maladaptive Coping Styles on Psychopathology and Mental Health?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Experiential avoidance (EA) is considered a risk factor for psychopathology. This study explores whether EA mediates the relationship between maladaptive coping styles (palliative, avoidance, and passive coping) and psychopathology and positive mental health. A total of 93 adults with mild to moderate psychological distress completed measures…

Fledderus, Martine; Bohlmeijer, Ernst T.; Pieterse, Marcel E.

2010-01-01

344

Does Experiential Avoidance Mediate the Effects of Maladaptive Coping Styles on Psychopathology and Mental Health?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experiential avoidance (EA) is considered a risk factor for psychopathology. This study explores whether EA mediates the relationship between maladaptive coping styles (palliative, avoidance, and passive coping) and psychopathology and positive mental health. A total of 93 adults with mild to moderate psychological distress completed measures…

Fledderus, Martine; Bohlmeijer, Ernst T.; Pieterse, Marcel E.

2010-01-01

345

The Relationship between Supervisee Stress, Coping Resources, the Working Alliance, and the Supervisory Working Alliance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors examined the relationship of perceived stress, specific types of coping resources, the working alliance, and the supervisory working alliance among 232 counselor supervisees. The working alliance and the supervisory working alliance were negatively related to perceived stress and positively related to multiple coping resources. Two…

Gnilka, Philip B.; Chang, Catherine Y.; Dew, Brian J.

2012-01-01

346

Biblio-Therapeutic Book Creations by Pre-Service Student Teachers: Helping Elementary School Children Cope  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many elementary school children may cope with difficult life struggles such as disabilities, abuse, loss, and identity issues. This article details original, student generated, biblio-therapeutic book creations and how this genre teaches positive ways for children at-risk to cope with tough life circumstances. Pre-service, elementary college…

Haeseler, Lisa Ann

2009-01-01

347

Quality of sleep in patients with schizophrenia is associated with quality of life and coping  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: While sleep disturbance is widespread in schizophrenia it is less clear whether sleep disturbance is uniquely related to impaired coping and perceived quality of life. METHODS: We simultaneously assessed sleep quality, symptoms, and coping in 29 persons with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder in a post acute phase of illness. Assessment instruments included the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index; the Positive

John R Hofstetter; Paul H Lysaker; Aimee R Mayeda

2005-01-01

348

School Attendance Revisited: A Study of Urban African American Students' Grade Point Averages and Coping Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Urban African American first-year high school students' absenteeism was found to be negatively related to grade point average (GPA) and avoidance as a means of coping (use of substances as a way to escape--food, alcohol, smoking, caffeine, etc.) and positively related to use of social support as a means of coping (efforts to stay emotionally…

Steward, Robbie J.; Steward, Astin Devine; Blair, Jonathan; Jo, Hanik; Hill, Martin F.

2008-01-01

349

Stress, coping, and adjustment in mothers and young adolescents in single- and two-parent families  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compared stress, coping, and psychological adjustment in single (divorced or separated) and married mothers and their young adolescent children. Single mothers reported more daily hassles related to economic, family, and personal health problems, and more symptoms of depression, anxiety, and psychoticism. Single mothers also reported using more coping strategies related to accepting responsibility and positive reappraisal. After controlling for level

Bruce E. Compas; Rebecca A. Williams

1990-01-01

350

Perfectionism and athlete burnout in junior elite athletes: the mediating role of coping tendencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research indicates that some dimensions of perfectionism are positively related to athlete burnout, whereas others are negatively related to athlete burnout. The divergent relationship between these dimensions of perfectionism and athlete burnout may be explained by different coping tendencies. The present investigation examined whether different coping tendencies mediate the relationship between self-oriented and socially prescribed perfectionism and burnout. Two-hundred

Andrew P. Hill; Howard K. Hall; Paul R. Appleton

2010-01-01

351

Coping by Redefinition: Cognitive Appraisals in Mothers of Children with and without Autism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To examine how mothers cope with the stresses of raising a child with autism, mothers of children with (n=29) and without (n=29) autism were interviewed. Results supporting seven hypotheses suggest that mothers may redefine their roles as a coping strategy. Life satisfaction for mothers of children with autism was positively associated with…

Tunali, Belgin; Power, Thomas G.

2002-01-01

352

Effects of an Intervention Promoting Proactive Coping Competencies in Middle and Late Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: We tested the effectiveness of a brief educational program that is based on proactive coping theory. The program entails a four-session group intervention for people aged between 50 and 75 years and was intended to improve proactive coping competencies. Furthermore, we investigated the positive as well as negative side effects and…

Bode, Christina; de Ridder, Denise T. D.; Kuijer, Roeline G.; Bensing, Jozien M.

2007-01-01

353

Winner Take All in the NFL: The Effect of the Salary Cap and Free Agency on the Compensation of Skill Position Players  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an earlier paper, Kowalewski and Leeds showed that free agency and the salary cap brought profound changes to the level and nature of players' salaries in the National Football League (NFL). Their study is limited, however, by the fact that--unlike most other professional athletes--football players are evaluated by position-specific statistics. The authors improve on their earlier work by performing

Michael A. Leeds; Sandra Kowalewski

2001-01-01

354

Process of coping with intracavity radiation treatment for gynecologic cancer  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study was to describe the process of coping with the experience of receiving intracavity radiation treatment (ICR) for gynecologic cancer. Data were collected on the outcomes of coping, emotion (Profile of Mood States) and level of function (Sickness Impact Profile), and symptom severity and upset the evening before, during, the day after, and 1 to 2 weeks after treatment. The subjects (N = 28) had a mean age of 52 years, 39% were employed full-time, 56% had occupations as manual workers, 57% had completed 12 or more years of education, and 68% were married or widowed. The treatment required the subjects to be hospitalized on complete bedrest with radiation precautions for an average of 48 hours. Intrauterine devices were used to treat 18 subjects and vaginal applications were used to treat 10 subjects. Negative mood and level of disruption in function were generally low. Repeated measures ANOVA showed no change in negative mood over time while the change in function was attributable to the increase in disruption during treatment. Utilization of affective coping strategies and problem-oriented coping strategies was positively correlated with negative mood and disruption in function over the points of measurement. The results indicate that subjects tolerated ICR well and rapidly resumed usual function following discharge from the hospital, despite the persistence of some symptoms 1 to 2 weeks after treatment. The positive association between the utilization of coping strategies and negative outcomes of coping suggests a need to examine the measurement of coping strategies and consider the possibility that these actions represent a response to a stressful situation rather than a method of dealing with the situation.

Nail, L.M.D.

1985-01-01

355

Ways of coping as predictors of satisfaction with curriculum and academic success in medical school  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of the present study was to determine the coping strategies of medical students and to investigate the effects of coping strategies on student satisfaction and academic achievement with different instruction methods. A total of 152 medical students was followed throughout the first 2 yr of medical education between 2008 and 2010. Students completed a sociodemographic questionnaire and revised form of the Ways of Coping questionnaire both at the beginning of the first year and at the end of the second year. These forms provided data about the characteristics and main coping strategies (problem focused or emotion focused) of the students and revealed the change over time. At the end of the second year, participants also completed a satisfaction questionnaire asking their satisfaction with lectures, problem-based learning, and practicals. The authors used block, problem-based learning, and practical exam scores of the students attained in the past 2 yr as academic achievement indicators. No sociodemographic variable was related to coping strategy. The majority of students (80.9%) adopted problem-focused coping. A shift occurred in the main coping strategies of some students in both sides. Problem-focused coping scores decreased over time. Problem-focused coping positively correlated with satisfaction with practicals and practical exam scores, whereas emotion-focused coping showed the same correlation negatively. The main coping strategy also predicted satisfaction and exam success in practicals. In conclusion, a main coping strategy may be helpful to predict student satisfaction and academic achievement with some student-centered instruction methods. Determining undesired coping strategies may provide an opportunity for intervention to prevent relevant dissatisfaction and failure.

2011-03-01

356

Positively Adolescent!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Believes that music teachers should reassess their views toward adolescent behavior in the music classroom by learning to see their behavior in a positive light. Describes teaching strategies that build on four adolescent behaviors: (1) desire for peer acceptance; (2) abundant energy; (3) love of fun; and (4) limited time-managing skills. (CMK)|

Williamson, Sue

2000-01-01

357

Cognitive Coping Tool Kit for Psychosis: Development of a Group-Based Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article outlines an 8-week curriculum that was created to help outpatients develop cognitive and behavioral skills for coping with delusions and hallucinations as well as to reduce patients' comorbid subjective levels of distress (e.g., depression, anxiety). The manualized protocol consisted of psychoeducation and training in a variety of…

Goldberg, Joel O.; Wheeler, Heather; Lubinsky, Tobi; Van Exan, Jessica

2007-01-01

358

Cognitive Coping Tool Kit for Psychosis: Development of a Group-Based Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article outlines an 8-week curriculum that was created to help outpatients develop cognitive and behavioral skills for coping with delusions and hallucinations as well as to reduce patients' comorbid subjective levels of distress (e.g., depression, anxiety). The manualized protocol consisted of psychoeducation and training in a variety of CBT…

Goldberg, Joel O.; Wheeler, Heather; Lubinsky, Tobi; Van Exan, Jessica

2007-01-01

359

How Pupils with Severe Visual Impairment Describe Coping with Reading Activities in the Norwegian Inclusive School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores how 11 pupils with severe visual impairment cope with reading activities in inclusive Norwegian schools. All pupils received instruction in braille and print, and used an audio-text format. Having multiple reading options provided possibilities for pupils to achieve reading skills, but also generated stress. Theories of…

Vik, Astrid Kristin; Lassen, Liv M.

2010-01-01

360

Helping Students Cope in an Age of Terrorism: Strategies for School Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|School counselors experience unique challenges as they struggle to provide students with coping skills geared to the outside world including acts of terrorism. School-aged students in the United States are one of the most vulnerable populations in the event of a terrorist act. This article offers a review of the current and most relevant…

Chibbaro, Julia S.; Jackson, C. Marie

2006-01-01

361

Helping Police Officers Cope with Stress. A Cognitive-Behavioral Approach.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Police Academy trainees participated in a stress management program which focused on developing skills for coping with anxiety and anger. Stress management training took place in six two-hour sessions and included instruction and practice in the self-moni...

I. G. Sarason J. H. Johnson J. P. Berberich J. M. Siegel

1978-01-01

362

Helping Schoolchildren Cope with Anger: A Cognitive-Behavioral Intervention. Second Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide presents information and clinical tools to implement the Anger Coping Program, an empirically supported intervention for students in grades 3-6. Practitioners are taken step by step through setting up treatment groups, teaching vital skills for reducing aggression and disruptive behavior, and building strong partnerships with teachers…

Larson, Jim; Lochman, John E.

2010-01-01

363

Helping Schoolchildren Cope with Anger: A Cognitive-Behavioral Intervention. Second Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide presents information and clinical tools to implement the Anger Coping Program, an empirically supported intervention for students in grades 3-6. Practitioners are taken step by step through setting up treatment groups, teaching vital skills for reducing aggression and disruptive behavior, and building strong partnerships with teachers…

Larson, Jim; Lochman, John E.

2010-01-01

364

Coping Strategies during Hospitalisation and Recovery Following Motor Vehicle Trauma: A Personal Account  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Described in this paper are the multiple injuries the author sustained as a result of a serious motor vehicle accident 5 years previously and the subsequent surgical and medical treatment. Also described are the different coping and adaptive skills he utilised during and after hospitalisation and how the nature of surgical and medical…

Denholm, Carey John

2009-01-01

365

How Pupils with Severe Visual Impairment Describe Coping with Reading Activities in the Norwegian Inclusive School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores how 11 pupils with severe visual impairment cope with reading activities in inclusive Norwegian schools. All pupils received instruction in braille and print, and used an audio-text format. Having multiple reading options provided possibilities for pupils to achieve reading skills, but also generated stress. Theories of…

Vik, Astrid Kristin; Lassen, Liv M.

2010-01-01

366

Routes to Coping: Implementing Teaching Programmes for Students with Moderate Learning Difficulties. A Special Needs Document.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The manual examines three teaching programs designed to help special needs young adults cope with the normal demands of living in the community. Instruction is provided in college-based and community-based facilities by a course team. Three basic programs cover communication skills, self-help, and work experience. Each program includes information…

Dee, Lesley

367

Impact of a modified Dialectical Behavior Therapy treatment on coping methods and impulsiveness in female inmates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dialectical Behavior Therapy was designed as a treatment for borderline personality disorder and has been shown to be effective for individuals with this diagnosis in community mental health and psychiatric settings. Research has shown that borderline personality disorder is prevalent among incarcerated women and some clinicians have begun to implement modified Dialectical Behavior Therapy protocols (Coping Skills groups) with inmates.

Gretchen Lemmon

2008-01-01

368

Improving Children’s Coping With Everyday Stress: Transporting Treatment Interventions to the School Setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children are continuously confronted with everyday stressors in their daily routine, and their ability to deal with these stressors has been found to be significantly related to their psychological adjustment. In fact, numerous studies have indicated that having a repertoire of coping skills at a young age can be a buffer or moderator of the effects of negative life stress

Donna B. Pincus; Alice G. Friedman

2004-01-01

369

Teaching Single Parents to Cope with Stress through Small Group Intervention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Used stress-coping model in group work with Israeli single parents to help single parents develop relaxation, cognitive restructuring, and social relationship skills. Data were collected on attendance, participation, stress, and satisfaction. Experience with the group supported the view that single parents experience multiple sources of…

Rose, Steven R.

1989-01-01

370

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Machining Skills Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document of skill standards for the machining skills cluster serves as a guide to workforce preparation program providers in defining content for their programs and to employers to establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition. These 67 occupational skill standards describe what people should know and be able to do in an…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

371

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Machining Skills Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document of skill standards for the machining skills cluster serves as a guide to workforce preparation program providers in defining content for their programs and to employers to establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition. These 67 occupational skill standards describe what people should know and be able to do in an…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

372

Peer stress-related coping activities in young adolescents' asthma management.  

PubMed

Managing asthma around peers can be stressful for young adolescents (age 9-14). However, the contexualised coping activities under asthma management-related peer stress is under-investigated. The study aims to explore the peer stress-related coping strategies young adolescents adopt in asthma management. Thirty-four young adolescents were interviewed with semi-structured storytelling protocols. Young adolescents expressed their opinions about four scenarios where the characters had difficulties managing asthma among peers. Interviews were transcribed, and qualitative data were analysed with analytical induction and constant comparison to generate themes that described the coping activities young adolescents adopted in four asthma management scenarios. Young adolescents' responses in each scenario were summarised. The coping activities adolescents adopted were cognitive justifying, explaining, outsourcing and undisclosing. Despite the limitations in a scenario-based qualitative study, the results may be useful for teachers and health professionals in social skill interventions for asthma management in early adolescence. PMID:19657905

Yang, TienYu Owen; Lunt, Ingrid; Sylva, Kathy

2009-08-01

373

Reframing the Mind of the Banker : The Changing Skill Set and Skill Mix for Effective Leadership  

Microsoft Academic Search

Managerial issues are becoming critical in the US banking industry. The capability of those in leadership positions is continually identified as the most important single factor that will separate high- and low-performing banks. Discusses the impact of increased competitive intensity on the skill set and skill mix of bank managers and recommends ten skills to reframe the mind of the

James H. Donnelly

1994-01-01

374

Assessments of "Learning-Related Skills" and "Interpersonal Skills" Constructs within Early Childhood Environments in Singapore"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Social skills are necessary for developing successful relationships and promoting learning. "Interpersonal skills" (IPS) are needed for maintaining friendships while "learning-related skills" (LRS) are required for positive classroom behaviours. In this study, we investigated the construct validity of LRS and IPS within two existing assessments:…

Lim, Sok Mui; Rodger, Sylvia; Brown, Ted

2010-01-01

375

Religious and Spiritual Coping and Quality of Life Among Patients With Emphysema in the National Emphysema Treatment Trial  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Although prior research indicates that religious and spiritual coping is associated with positive health outcomes, few studies have examined religious and spiritual coping among patients with emphysema. OBJECTIVE To describe the utilization of religious and spiritual coping and its relationship to quality of life among patients with emphysema, in a 2-year longitudinal follow-up study. METHODS Forty patients with emphysema (mean age 63.5 ± 6.0 y, 8 women) who participated in the National Emphysema Treatment Trial were matched on age, sex, race, and education with 40 healthy individuals recruited from the community. We conducted baseline assessment of overall coping strategies, psychological functioning, quality of life, pulmonary function, and exercise capacity, and we assessed overall coping strategies and religious and spiritual coping at 2-year follow-up. RESULTS Ninety percent of the patients with emphysema considered themselves at least slightly religious and spiritual. The patients reported using both negative religious coping (eg, questioning God) and positive religious coping (eg, prayer) more than the healthy control subjects at follow-up. However, greater use of religious and spiritual coping was associated with poorer illness-related quality of life. CONCLUSIONS Patients with emphysema appear to use various coping strategies in responding to their illness. Future research should investigate if patients using religious and spiritual coping would benefit from interventions to address emotional distress and reduced quality of life.

Green, Marquisha R; Emery, Charles F; Kozora, Elizabeth; Diaz, Philip T; Make, Barry J

2013-01-01

376

Children with behavior problems: improving elementary school teachers’ skills to keep these children in class  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an evaluation study of two workshops for elementary school teachers aimed at improving their skills for coping with the behavior problems in children. The ability to hold these children helps to prevent them from dropping out of school and avoids their referral to special education programs. The workshops integrated two intervention strategies: (1) Behavior modification skills and

Miriam Schiff; Berta BarGil

2004-01-01

377

AN ADMISSIONS GROUP IN A SKILLED NURSING FACILITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the use of a group to help the frail elderly person during and immediately following admission to a skilled nursing facility. Within the framework of the interdisciplinary team, the group leader uses the group as a means of helping the new resident cope with the difficult change in living arrangements and concurrent circumstances posed by the need

Sidney R. Saul

1982-01-01

378

Environmental Emergency Preparedness. Outdoor Living Skills Series. Instructor Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This instructor's manual contains 21 lesson plans to teach advanced skills to cope with emergency outdoor living situations and emphasizes being prepared, rather than survival. Written for the classroom teacher, but adaptable for other youth groups, the module contains subject information, lesson plans with activities, student handouts, a written…

Deaton, Don

379

Divergent skills policy trajectories in England and Scotland after Leitch  

Microsoft Academic Search

The UK Labour government has consistently argued that boosting the supply of skilled, qualified labour is ‘the key’ to national economic success and social justice, a position recently endorsed by the Leitch Review of Skills. However, while the argument that skills have an important role to play is widely accepted, Leitch's assertion that ‘skills are the most important lever’ remains

Jonathan Payne

2009-01-01

380

Measuring resilience in women experiencing infertility using the CD-RISC: examining infertility-related stress, general distress, and coping styles.  

PubMed

Psychological morbidity concurrent with fertility problems has been the focus of substantial scientific inquiry. However, researchers have largely overlooked psychological resilience within this population. This study explored the associations between resilience, infertility-related and general distress, and coping behaviors in forty women from nine fertility clinics throughout the United States. Participants completed the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90), Beck-Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), Fertility Problem Inventory (FPI), and Ways of Coping Questionnaire (WCQ). Women with fertility problems evidenced significantly lower resilience scores than published norms. This study established evidence for the reliability and convergent validity of the CD-RISC with infertile populations. However, similar to other studies using this instrument, the factor structure reported by Connor and Davidson [Connor KM, Davidson JR. Development of a new resilience scale: the Connor-Davidson resilience scale (CD-RISC). Depression and Anxiety 2003;18:76-82] was not well supported. Resilience was negatively associated with infertility-specific and general distress. Engagement in action-focused coping skills was positively correlated with resilience. Implications for enhancing resilience with this population as are discussed. PMID:19665730

Sexton, Minden B; Byrd, Michelle R; von Kluge, Silvia

2009-08-08

381

Coping and Self-Concept: Adjustment Patterns in Gifted Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the relationship between self-concept and coping strategies of 457 academically gifted adolescents (ages 10-16). Results found the adolescents used various strategies that assumed responsibility for dealing with stressors and took action-focused approaches rather than ignoring problems. They focused on the positive and on problem…

Tomchin, Ellen Menaker; And Others

1996-01-01

382

CONTINUING BONDS IN COPING WITH THE DEATH OF A HUSBAND  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the continuing bond (CB) to the deceased in coping with the death of a husband. Fifteen early-bereaved widows whose husband had died 4 months previously and 15 later-bereaved widows whose husband had died more than 2 years ago were electronically signaled every 3 hours to complete a set of measures that included the PANAS positive and negative

NIGEL P. FIELD; MICHAEL FRIEDRICHS

2004-01-01

383

A problem in online interpersonal skills training: do learners practice skills?  

Microsoft Academic Search

One problem found when teaching interpersonal skills online is learners’ lack of opportunity for skill practice. The online learning environment is deficient in face?to?face interaction, and opportunities for self?regulation make it difficult to ensure learners practice skills despite the positive effects of such practice on skill improvement. The purpose of this paper is to identify what factors will influence learners’

Min Young Doo

2006-01-01

384

Exploring the relationship between coping strategies and binge eating in nonclinical adolescents.  

PubMed

The aims of the study were to determine the rate of binge eating and examine the relationship between binge eating and coping in nonclinical adolescents. A total of 1913 adolescents completed the Bulimic Investigatory Test, Edinburgh, the Adolescent Coping Scale (ACS), the Youth Self-Report and additional questions regarding the binge-eating episodes. Of the total sample, 6.94% reported bingeing in the last 6 months. The adolescents who binge eat reported a more frequent use of Intropunitive avoidance and Introversion and a less frequent use of Positive-effortful coping compared with those who do not binge eat. However, when the effects of age and depression were controlled in the analysis, the groups only differed in the Positive and Intropunitive avoidance dimensions of coping. Training adolescents on how to cope with stress in a more constructive manner may be a possible strategy for the prevention of maladaptive eating patterns in adolescents. PMID:21413104

Sierra-Baigrie, Susana; Lemos-Giráldez, Serafín; Paino, Mercedes; Fonseca-Pedrero, Eduardo

2011-03-16

385

Perfectionism in school teachers: relations with stress appraisals, coping styles, and burnout.  

PubMed

Many school teachers suffer from stress and burnout, and perfectionism is a personality characteristic that has been associated with increased stress, maladaptive coping, and burnout. Recent findings, however, show that perfectionism has both positive and negative facets. To investigate how these facets are related to stress, coping, and burnout in teachers, a sample of 118 secondary school teachers completed multidimensional measures of perfectionism, stress appraisals, coping styles, and burnout. Multiple regression analyses showed that striving for perfection was positively related to challenge appraisals and active coping and inversely to threat/loss appraisals, avoidant coping, and burnout whereas negative reactions to imperfection were positively related to threat/loss appraisals, avoidant coping, and burnout and inversely to challenge appraisals and active coping. Perceived pressure to be perfect showed differential relationships depending on the source of pressure: Whereas pressure from students was positively related to loss appraisals and pressure from students' parents was positively related to burnout, pressure from colleagues was inversely related to threat appraisals and burnout. The findings suggest that striving for perfection and perceived pressure from colleagues do not contribute to stress and burnout in teachers, whereas negative reactions to imperfection and perceived pressure from students and students' parents may be contributing factors. PMID:18027123

Stoeber, Joachim; Rennert, Dirk

2008-01-01

386

Developing interventions for chronically ill patients: is coping a helpful concept?  

PubMed

In this review, the role of coping in the development of psychosocial interventions for chronically ill patients is discussed. After summarizing the theoretical issues involved in the translation of the coping concept into an intervention, a review is undertaken of 35 studies concerned with the impact of interventions aimed at improving coping on patients' quality of life. These studies concern seven different chronic disease types (AIDS, asthma, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, chronic pain, diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis) and show explicit consideration of attempts to manage illness in terms of coping to be rare. Many studies nevertheless address the equivalent of coping, namely behaviors and/or cognitions intended to deal with an illness situation appraised as stressful. The results of these studies are encouraging, although largely limited to the improvement of one or two particular coping strategies and problem-focused strategies in particular. It is argued that in order to expand on these initially positive findings, greater and more explicit consideration should be given to the potential of the coping concept for intervention with the chronically ill. The appraisal of stressful situations, the use of coping resources, and the strategic application of particular coping strategies should, for example, be given more careful consideration. PMID:11293366

de Ridder, D; Schreurs, K

2001-03-01

387

Who Uses Exercise as a Coping Strategy for Stress? Results From a National Survey of Canadians.  

PubMed

PURPOSE: To examine the prevalence of exercise as a coping behaviour for stress, compare this to other coping behaviours, and examine its demographic, behavioural, and health correlates in a nationally representative sample of Canadians. METHOD: We used data from the Canadian Community Health Survey 1.2, a cross-sectional survey of 36,984 Canadians aged 15 and over, and conducted univariate and logistic regression analyses to address our objectives. RESULTS: 40% of Canadians reported using exercise for coping with stress (ranked 8th overall). These individuals were more likely to endorse other 'positive' coping strategies and less likely to use alcohol or drugs for coping. Being younger, female, unmarried, of high SES, and a non-smoker were associated with higher likelihoods of using exercise as a coping strategy. High levels of leisure-time physical activity were associated with increased, and heavy physical activity at work with decreased, odds of reporting using exercise for stress coping. CONCLUSIONS: While reported use of exercise for stress coping is common in the general population, it is less so than several other behaviors. Encouraging exercise, particularly in groups identified as being less likely to use exercise for stress coping, could potentially reduce overall stress levels and improve general health and well-being. PMID:23493043

Cairney, John; Kwan, Matty; Veldhuizen, Scott; Faulkner G, Edward John

2013-03-14

388

Factors associated with problem-focused and emotion-focused coping six months after the World Trade Center disaster: Experiences from the business field  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examines experiences of business students, many of whom may have been impacted by the events of 9\\/11 in the Wall Street area. It has been documented that coping strategies can serve to mitigate the negative impact of a traumatic event. Coping strategies include both problem-focused and emotion-focused coping as posited by the coping framework of Lazarus and Folkman

Lauren Holzberg Mounty

2006-01-01

389

Coping with climate change  

SciTech Connect

The Second North American Conference on Preparing for Climate Change may be the most ambitious assemblage of experts ever to assess impact and response strategies to the twin challenges of greenhouse warming and stratospheric ozone depletion. Presentations were made by over 160 scientists, environmental leaders and policy makers from the Western Hemisphere, Europe and Asia in 38 sessions over a three day period. Chapters in this volume correspond to the seven regional panels of the Second North American Conference, with discussions of implications of climate changes for the Caribbean, the Arctic, California, the Southern United States, the Chesapeake Bay, Atlantic Canada and New England, and the Great Lakes. This book also contains a policy overview of the climate challenge with contributions from US, Canadian, British and Caribbean governmental and corporate leaders. A chapter devoted to a scientific overview of climate change includes a skillful overview of the key scientific and policy issues involved in greenhouse warming, a seminal article on regional implications of climate change and the potential impacts of global warming on droughts and floods, and a panel discussion involving four of the world's leading stratospheric scientists. Individual papers were processed separately for the data base.

Topping, J.C. Jr. (ed.)

1989-06-01

390

Patterns of Skill Premia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I develop a model to analyze how skill premia differ over time and across countries, and use this model to study the impact of international trade on wage inequality. Skill premia are determined by technology and the relative supply of skills. An increase in the relative supply of skills, holding technology constant, reduces the skill premium. Among

Daron Acemoglu

1999-01-01

391

Primary process thinking, divergent thinking, and coping in children.  

PubMed

The relationships among primary process thinking, divergent thinking, and coping were investigated in fifth-grade children. Specifically, it was hypothesized from psychodynamic theory that access to and integration of primary process thinking would be positively related to divergent thinking and that both integration of primary process and divergent thinking would be predictive of coping ability. The Rorschach (Holt's scoring system) and Alternate Uses Test (spontaneous flexibility score) were administered to 53 fifth-grade children. Zeitlin's Coping Inventory, a teacher's rating scale, was the coping measure. Results confirmed the hypotheses for boys in that the percentage of primary process and the Adaptive Regression score on the Rorschach were significantly related to divergent thinking, r(27) = .33, p less than .05 and r(27) = .34, p less than .05, respectively. Divergent thinking was significantly related to teachers' ratings of coping ability for boys, r(27) = .58, p less than .01. There were no significant relationships among the variables for girls. These sex differences in the pattern of correlations are consistent with previous findings. PMID:3210126

Russ, S W

1988-01-01

392

Health Habits and Coping Behaviors Among Practicing Physicians  

PubMed Central

Practicing physicians on the full-time academic and clinical (volunteer) faculty of an urban university department of medicine (N = 211) completed questionnaires that examined their coping behaviors, health habits, life satisfaction, job stress, conflict between work and home life, health status and moods. Attempts to organize and restructure work activities were more frequently practiced by physicians who were more satisfied with work. Socializing, exercising and discussing feelings with others were not associated with any measures of physician health status, job stress, conflict or satisfaction. Those with higher scores on a health habits index tended to be less anxious, experienced less job stress, less conflict between work and home life and were more satisfied with their lives in general. Full-time academic faculty engaged in fewer positive or negative coping behaviors than clinical faculty. There were few strong intercorrelations among the various positive and negative coping behaviors or health habits; physicians often simultaneously engaged in both positive and negative activities, indicating complex patterns of coping behaviors that were not dramatically associated with life or work satisfaction.

Linn, Lawrence S.; Cope, Dennis; Leake, Barbara; Yager, Joel

1986-01-01

393

DSM skills are marketing skills  

SciTech Connect

Skeptics may view DSM as a convenient cover for using ratepayer funds (in the form of rebates and other financial inducements) to keep customers on the grid, thus providing electric utilities with an unfair competitive advantage. Actually, the most powerful advantages may result from the marketing skills DSM fosters. Put simply, DSM teaches utilities to understand and meet customer needs more effectively. Managing customers use of electricity has taught utilities unprecedented amounts about specific end-use technologies, about customers fuel and equipment selection practices and preferences, and about what it costs to serve their customers. As DSM programs have become more market-driven, utilities have become better communicators and salesmen in order to win customer participation. The result: DSM departments play an increasingly central role in managing customer relationships overall and in developing and implementing competitive strategies.

Stone, C. (Easton Consultants, Inc., Stamford, CT (United States))

1993-10-01

394

Having Trouble Coping? There Is Hope  

MedlinePLUS

http:/ /disasterdistress.samhsa.gov Having Trouble Coping After a Disaster? Talk With Us. Having Trouble Coping After a Disaster? Talk With Us. After a disaster, many survivors (including children ...

395

Coping Checklists for Patients and Caregivers  

MedlinePLUS

... saved articles window. My Saved Articles » My ACS » Coping Checklists for Patients and Caregivers These checklists can ... themselves or others, and learn about their own coping methods. Distress Checklist for Patients With Cancer If ...

396

Coping with Controversy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A California superintendent with a district embroiled in a creationism/evolution debate advises how to overcome divisiveness through communication with all stakeholders. Supervisors with contentious school boards should be positive, listen carefully, ferret the truth, and keep information flowing. Suggestions are provided for managing community,…

Townsend, Rene

1993-01-01

397

Coping with Controversy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A California superintendent with a district embroiled in a creationism/evolution debate advises how to overcome divisiveness through communication with all stakeholders. Supervisors with contentious school boards should be positive, listen carefully, ferret the truth, and keep information flowing. Suggestions are provided for managing community,…

Townsend, Rene

1993-01-01

398

Coping With Negative Social Identity: The Case of Mexican Immigrants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social identity theory suggests that an individual's self-concept is shaped through group identification and positive social identities are established by favorably comparing the individual's in-group against an out-group. When unfavorable intergroup comparisons occur, individuals perceive a negative social identity. Because of the motivation to maintain a positive self-concept, this perception creates a need to cope. On the basis of face-to-face

Rachel S. Shinnar

2008-01-01

399

Effects of the Big Five personality dimensions on appraisal coping, and coping effectiveness in sport  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we examined the influence of the Big Five personality dimensions (Neuroticism, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, and Openness to Experience) on the appraisal (intensity, control) of a self-selected stressor, coping, and perceived coping effectiveness. Participants were 482 athletes (305 males, 177 females) who played a variety of sports. Results indicate that the Big Five dimensions influenced coping selection, coping

Mariana Kaiseler; Remco C. J. Polman; Adam R. Nicholls

2011-01-01

400

Effects of the Big Five personality dimensions on appraisal coping, and coping effectiveness in sport  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we examined the influence of the Big Five personality dimensions (Neuroticism, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, and Openness to Experience) on the appraisal (intensity, control) of a self-selected stressor, coping, and perceived coping effectiveness. Participants were 482 athletes (305 males, 177 females) who played a variety of sports. Results indicate that the Big Five dimensions influenced coping selection, coping

Mariana Kaiseler; Remco C. J. Polman; Adam R. Nicholls

2012-01-01

401

How does coping change with development? A review of childhood and adolescence sport coping research  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is important to study how children and adolescents cope with stressors in sport because effective coping enhances sport experiences and prevents psychological and physiological problems that can lead to sport withdrawal. The purpose of this review was to summarize the existing child and adolescent coping research to establish how coping changes with development in the achievement context of sport.

Nicholas L. Holt; Sharleen Hoar; Shawn N. Fraser

2005-01-01

402

Helping College Students Cope: Identifying Predictors of Active Coping in Different Stressful Situations  

Microsoft Academic Search

College students may encounter stressful situations related to relationships, work, and academia. The tendency to actively cope (active coping) plays a significant role in the process of adapting to stressful situations. This study explored predictors of active coping in three situations. Participants were 219 Taiwanese college students (192 females and 27 males). The most effective predictor of active coping in

Ming-hui Li

403

A Stress and Coping Model of Adjustment to Caring for an Adult with Mental Illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the utility of a stress and coping framework for identifying factors associated with adjustment to\\u000a informal caregiving to adults with mental illness. Relations between stress and coping predictors and negative (distress)\\u000a and positive (positive affect, life satisfaction, benefit finding, health) carer adjustment outcomes were examined. A total\\u000a of 114 caregivers completed questionnaires. Predictors included relevant background variables

Christina MackayKenneth; Kenneth I. Pakenham

404

Biotechnology Skills Standards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Here users will find an assortment of Bioscience/Agricultural Biotechnology Skills Standards. These should be useful for development of new programs as well as for comparisons with existing programs. The sections discussed are: Biopharmaceutical Manufacturing Skill Standards, Combined Bioscience/Agricultural Biotechnology Skill Standards, Agricultural Biotechnology Skill Standards, Bioscience Industry Skill Standards, National Association of Scientific Materials Managers, ACAP Austin Competency Analysis Profile - Biotechnology, Making Skill Standards Work, and Window on the Workplace.

2009-09-16

405

Promoting skill building and confidence in freshman nursing students with a "Skills-a-Thon".  

PubMed

Freshman nursing students returning for their second semester after summer break benefited by reviewing previously learned clinical skills presented in a Skills-a-Thon. Skills stations were established and facilitated by faculty and senior students. Senior students were first trained in mentoring and specific steps in skills competencies. Freshman students demonstrated skills in various mock clinical situations including catheter insertion, sterile dressings, medications, and physical assessment. The strategy reinforced learning and provided an opportunity for students to experience risk-free skills performance among peers. Freshman students gained proficiency and appreciated guidance by senior students without the pressures of testing. Seniors benefited from a condensed version of the program to review their own skills prior to the event. Responses were positive, with students reporting improved performance and confidence with hands-on application in a non-threatening environment. Nursing faculty observed improvement in skill performance and competence, and plan to offer future events. PMID:19681536

Roberts, Susan T; Vignato, Julie A; Moore, Joan L; Madden, Carol A

2009-05-28

406

Eating Disorders as Coping Mechanisms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article focuses on the complex nature of eating disorders, specifically highlighting their use as coping mechanisms for underlying emotional and psychological concerns. Case examples of college counseling center clients are discussed in order to illustrate common ways in which eating disorders are utilized by clients with varying…

Wagener, Amy M.; Much, Kari

2010-01-01

407

Communities Coping with Collective Trauma  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the conceptualization of collective trauma and coping, focusing on processes in religious communities affected by traumatic experiences. Building on the presenters' and others' work on congregations dealing with the effects of (clergy) sexual abuse, the question is raised whether and how individual concepts and theories can be transposed to the collective level. This will include concepts of

Alexander L. Veerman; R. Ruard Ganzevoort

408

Grief: Helping Young Children Cope  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In their role as caregivers supporting the children they teach, it is important for teachers to understand the grieving process and recognize symptoms of grief. The author explains Elisabeth Kubler-Ross's five stages of grief and offers 10 classroom strategies to help young children cope with their feelings.

Wood, Frances B.

2008-01-01

409

Eating Disorders as Coping Mechanisms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the complex nature of eating disorders, specifically highlighting their use as coping mechanisms for underlying emotional and psychological concerns. Case examples of college counseling center clients are discussed in order to illustrate common ways in which eating disorders are utilized by clients with varying…

Wagener, Amy M.; Much, Kari

2010-01-01

410

Eye of the beholder: perceived stress, coping style, and coping effectiveness among discharged psychiatric patients.  

PubMed

Sources of perceived stress, coping style and coping efficacy were investigated among psychiatric patients being discharged to the community. The study's purpose was to (i) qualitatively characterize sources of perceived stress; (ii) identify preferred coping styles, and (iii) test the effectiveness of coping styles. Thematic coding of participants' narratives revealed that dominant stressors were family relationships, mental health symptoms, and employment issues. Consistent with previous findings among non-clinical samples, problem-focused coping styles were predictive of decreased perceived stress and increased perceived efficacy, whereas emotion-oriented coping styles were negatively associated with these outcomes. Contrary to hypotheses, avoidance coping styles was unrelated to outcomes. PMID:23915696

Lavoie, Jennifer A A

2013-04-10

411

Adolescents' Coping with Frightening Mass Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigates the use and perceived effectiveness of strategies for coping with scary films, coping style, and two dimensions of empathy. Confirms evidence that "blunting" is characterized by distraction or reinterpretation of scary events, whereas "monitoring" is characterized by attention to threat cues. Interprets gender differences in coping

Hoffner, Cynthia

1995-01-01

412

Mothers’ coping and hope in early intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goals of the study were to examine the relations between maternal coping and hope among mothers who participated in early intervention program for their infants. Earlier studies focused attention on mothers’ experiences of stress and their coping. Within the salutogenic construct, we aim at examining relations between mothers’ coping and hope while considering individual resources (sense of coherence) and

Michal Einav; Uzi Levi; Malka Margalit

2012-01-01

413

Age Differences in Coping with Chronic Illness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While most lifespan developmental theories of personality predict age-related changes in coping, little direct evidence exists for determining whether age differences in coping style are due to intrinsic developmental processes or to age differences in the kinds of stresses encountered. To evaluate age differences in coping strategies and whether…

Felton, Barbara J.; Revenson, Tracey A.

414

A Model of Coping with Technological Interruptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Users experience frequently occurring problems and frustrating experiences with the IT they use. This paper develops a model of coping mechanisms in which users are likely to engage during these stressful encounters. Our model employs a dynamic approach to coping, indicating how coping mechanisms can change and be updated as the situation unfolds and is reappraised. Furthermore, our model points

Ana Ortiz de Guinea; Jane Webster

2011-01-01

415

Adolescents' Coping With Frightening Mass Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

A total of 228 9th and 10th graders completed a questionnaire that measured (among other variables) the use and perceived effectiveness of strategies for coping with scary films (distraction, unreality, momentary avoidance, interpersonal comfort), coping style (monitoring, blunting), and two dimensions of empathy (empathic concern, personal distress). Regression analyses identified predictors of each strategy for coping with scary films. In

CYNTHIA HOFFNER

1995-01-01

416

Coping with the Dual-Income Lifestyle.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The direct and moderating effects of coping mechanisms used by 314 spouses in dual-income marriages were examined. The direct effects of coping on well-being were minimal; however, coping moderated several effects of role conflict and role overload on spouse's well-being. (JPS)

Paden, Shelley L.; Buehler, Cheryl

1995-01-01

417

Age Differences in Coping with Chronic Illness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While most lifespan developmental theories of personality predict age-related changes in coping, little direct evidence exists for determining whether age differences in coping style are due to intrinsic developmental processes or to age differences in the kinds of stresses encountered. To evaluate age differences in coping strategies and whether…

Felton, Barbara J.; Revenson, Tracey A.

418

Coping Strategies: Retaining Black Students in College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine whether there is an identifiable coping personality related to academic achievement and retention for black college students. Low coping students were also taught coping strategies to determine whether mastering academic requirements facilitates achievement and persistence. The relationship of black student…

Abatso, Yvonne

419

Pre-registration diploma student nurse stress and coping measures.  

PubMed

The aim of this study is to examine the stress experiences and coping abilities of student nurses. A survey design was employed to examine the stress experiences of Diploma student nurses in a large Dublin Teaching Hospital. A questionnaire was utilized that measured and explored five specific constructs pertinent to student nurse stress. These included clinical stress, academic stress, coping, emotions and personal factors which assist students nurses during periods of stress. Findings showed that examinations, the level and intensity of academic workload, the theory-practice gap and poor relationships with clinical staff were the leading stressors identified. Emotional reactions to stress included feeling exhausted and upset under pressure. Students adopted short-term emotion focused coping strategies when attempting to deal with stress. A sense of achievement, and determination, were personal factors, which assisted students to continue in the event of stress being present. Content analysis of the open questions shed further light in relation to the stress phenomenon, particularly in relation to clinical stress. The provision of adequate support services from a clinical and academic perspective, a lecture-practitioner model of education delivery, and curriculum changes which focus on developing student self awareness skills are the suggested study recommendations. PMID:15312957

Evans, William; Kelly, Billy

2004-08-01

420

Understanding adjustment following traumatic brain injury: is the Goodness-of-Fit coping hypothesis useful?  

PubMed

Coping efforts have been recognised as an important aspect of resilience following traumatic brain injury, but little is known about what constitutes effective coping in this population. This longitudinal research examined the usefulness of the Goodness-of-Fit hypothesis, drawn from the Lazarus and Folkman [(1984). Stress, appraisal and coping. NY: Springer.] theory of stress and coping, as a way of understanding coping effectiveness. The hypothesis suggests that the nature and success of specific coping strategies will be associated with the controllability of the event. If an event is relatively uncontrollable, then emotion-focused or perception-focused coping may be more effective than problem-focused coping. In contrast, a controllable event may be best managed through problem-focused coping. Ninety people with traumatic brain injury, drawn from the inpatient rehabilitation unit of a major metropolitan hospital in Australia, and their relatives participated in this longitudinal study. No support was found for the Goodness-of-Fit model, either in the short term or the long term. Although the use of problem-focused coping strategies was positively associated with short-term and long-term role functioning, it was not associated with long-term emotional well-being if the situation was perceived to be controllable. The findings suggest that the persistent use of problem-focused coping in response to the difficulties created by traumatic brain injury can be associated with emotional distress in the long term. Reasons for this finding are explored and its implications are discussed. PMID:18625542

Kendall, Elizabeth; Terry, Deborah J

2008-07-13

421

Personal resources, appraisal, and coping in the adaptation process of immigrants from the Former Soviet Union.  

PubMed

Between 1989 and 2005, Israel absorbed over a million new immigrants, about 90% of whom were from the Former Soviet Union (FSU). The present study investigated the adaptation of these FSU new immigrants in a sample of 301 participants (67% women, ages 25-45 years), who completed inventories measuring personal resources (tolerance of ambiguity and cognitive flexibility), cognitive appraisals (of employment, language, and housing problems), coping strategies, well-being, distress, and willingness to remain in Israel. A structural equation modeling (SEM) analysis showed that tolerance for ambiguity and cognitive flexibility contributed positively to control appraisals, task-oriented coping, and level of participant well-being, and negatively to threat/loss appraisals, emotion/avoidance-oriented coping, and distress. Control appraisals contributed to task-oriented coping, whereas threat/loss appraisals contributed to both emotion/avoidance-oriented and task-oriented coping. Control and challenge appraisals, and task-oriented coping, contributed positively to participant willingness to remain in Israel, whereas emotion/avoidance-oriented coping contributed positively to distress levels, which in turn were negatively related to willingness to remain in Israel. The results of this study have significant implications for such aspects of immigrant adaptation as absorption policies and the provision of individual care by professionals and organizations. PMID:18954179

Yakhnich, Liat; Ben-Zur, Hasida

2008-04-01

422

Positive Transfer of Adaptive Battlefield Thinking Skills.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Over the past decade the U.S. Army has identified an emerging need to train and develop leaders who are more adaptive and capable of responding effectively to a wide range of military operations. In response, the U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behav...

B. T. Crabb J. W. Lussier S. B. Shadrick T. J. Burke

2007-01-01

423

Coping and Social Support as Potential Moderators of the Relation Between Anxiety and Eating Disorder Symptomatology  

PubMed Central

Trait anxiety and eating disorder (ED) symptomatology are often thought to be inextricably linked. Because anxiety often precedes an ED, predicts poor outcome, and persists even after recovery from an ED, it is important to examine whether certain factors have the ability to potentially attenuate anxiety’s effect on eating pathology. In the current study, we examined two possible moderating factors: coping skills and social support. Participants were 96 females seen at one point for an ED at a Midwestern clinic, including 53 with a current ED diagnosis and 43 who no longer met criteria for an ED and who were at varying levels of recovery. Results revealed that emotion-oriented coping moderated the relation between anxiety and ED symptoms. Individuals who were high in trait anxiety and who reported low levels of emotion-oriented coping reported much lower levels of ED symptomatology than those with high trait anxiety and high emotion-oriented coping. Contrary to our hypotheses, task-oriented coping, avoidance-oriented coping, and perceived social support (total, family, friend, and special person) did not emerge as moderators of the relation between trait anxiety and eating pathology. Results provide growing support that factors that interact with anxiety can lessen anxiety’s effect on eating pathology. Implications for treatment and future directions are discussed.

Fitzsimmons, Ellen E.; Bardone-Cone, Anna M.

2010-01-01

424

Dispositional Hope and the Propensity to Cope: A Daily Diary Assessment of Minority Adolescents  

PubMed Central

The authors examined the predictive ability of dispositional hope components (pathways, agency) in explaining minority adolescents’ consistent use of daily coping strategies. Using daily diary methodology, 126 low socioeconomic status minority participants completed a multidimensional measure of dispositional hope and reported on subsequent stressful events that they experienced and the coping strategies that they employed over the course of a 5-day period. Multilevel modeling analyses revealed that hope–pathways was uniquely and positively related to direct problem solving, planning, positive thinking, religious coping, distracting action, and overall coping use. Hope–agency was uniquely and positively associated with instrumental support for actions. Discussion focuses on the role of hope as a protective factor for minority adolescents experiencing stress, and particularly the unique predictive ability of each hope component.

Roesch, Scott C.; Duangado, Kate M.; Vaughn, Allison A.; Aldridge, Arianna A.; Villodas, Feion

2011-01-01

425

An Interprofessional Approach to Teaching Communication Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Introduction: Recent research suggests that effective interprofessional communication and collaboration can positively influence patient satisfaction and outcomes. Health professional communication skills do not necessarily improve over time but can improve with formal communication skills training (CST). This article describes the development,…

Sargeant, Joan; MacLeod, Tanya; Murray, Anne

2011-01-01

426

Perfectionism and athlete burnout in junior elite athletes: the mediating role of coping tendencies.  

PubMed

Recent research indicates that some dimensions of perfectionism are positively related to athlete burnout, whereas others are negatively related to athlete burnout. The divergent relationship between these dimensions of perfectionism and athlete burnout may be explained by different coping tendencies. The present investigation examined whether different coping tendencies mediate the relationship between self-oriented and socially prescribed perfectionism and burnout. Two-hundred and six junior elite athletes (M age=15.15 years, SD=1.88 years, range=11-22 years) completed measures of self-oriented and socially prescribed perfectionism, coping tendencies, and athlete burnout. Structural equation modeling indicated that the relationship between dimensions of perfectionism and athlete burnout was mediated by different coping tendencies. Higher levels of socially prescribed perfectionism was related to higher levels of avoidant coping which, in turn, was related to higher levels of athlete burnout. In contrast, higher levels of self-oriented perfectionism was related to higher levels of problem-focused coping and lower levels of avoidant coping which, in turn, was related to lower levels of athlete burnout. The findings suggest that different coping tendencies may underpin the divergent relationship between self-oriented and socially prescribed dimensions of perfectionism and athlete burnout. PMID:19823957

Hill, Andrew P; Hall, Howard K; Appleton, Paul R

2010-07-01

427

The impact of active coping strategies on survival in ALS: the first pilot study.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to examine the coping strategies of 49 patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and the potential impact of these strategies on survival. A total of 49 subjects were recruited. Each subject was asked to complete a questionnaire on coping strategies called the Brief COPE. The various coping strategies were divided into three factor sets through a factorial analysis: active coping (? 0.84), social support (? 0.71) and avoidance (? 0.71). Each score was divided into two subgroups in relation to the median (limited use vs. frequent use). Equality of survival distributions for the different levels of coping strategies was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier (Log Rank (Mantel-Cox)) model, with adjustment for mental health (GHQ-28), disease severity (ALSFRS), clinical form at onset (bulbar vs. spinal), medical assistance (ventilation and gastrostomy), participation in a clinical trial and gender. Results revealed a significant and positive impact of active coping strategies while taking mental health, ALSFRS scores, clinical form at onset, medical assistance, participation in a clinical trial and gender into account (Log Rank (Mantel-Cox) p coping strategies on survival in ALS. PMID:22881411

Montel, Sébastien; Albertini, Laurence; Desnuelle, Claude; Spitz, Elisabeth

2012-08-12

428

[Coping or adaptive processes in psychosomatic medicine].  

PubMed

In the last decade a new psychological concept was derived from the pre-scientific English term "coping" and introduced into what is known as illness-behaviour. Coping supplements the psychoanalytical defence theory by forming part of the adaption processes in illness and helping to overcome illness as a psychic crisis. The present paper is an attempt to provide a critical analyses of all literature available on the concept of coping. After various examples of a definition of the term, it was shown how coping differs from defence mechanisms, the connection between stress and coping was explained and a comprehensive illness model was presented. Then followed a discussion of the better known forms of coping to date and a brief presentation of fields of scientific research which could benefit from the coping concept. PMID:494837

Heim, E

429

Caritas, spirituality and religiosity in nurses' coping.  

PubMed

The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate registered nurses' coping processes when working with terminally ill and dying cancer patients, with special focus on religious aspects of coping resources. What religious components can be identified as coping resources in oncology nurses' orienting system and what function has religiosity in the nurse's work? The theoretical reference is care philosophy and the psychology of religion and coping. The material consists of interviews with 15 Swedish registered oncology nurses. The results highlight different dynamic aspects of the nurses' life orientation such as caritas, religiosity, spirituality and atheism and demonstrate that religiosity can have a protective function that facilitates coping, as the nurse has something to turn to. Religious coping dominated by basic trust where prayer is used as a coping strategy may support the nurse. PMID:20030696

Ekedahl, M A; Wengström, Y

2009-12-17

430

Acquisition of cognitive skill  

Microsoft Academic Search

A framework for skill acquisition is proposed that includes two major stages in the development of a cognitive skill: a declarative stage in which facts about the skill domain are interpreted and a procedural stage in which the domain knowl- edge is directly embodied in procedures for performing the skill. This general framework has been instantiated in the ACT system

John R. Anderson

1982-01-01

431

A Randomized, Controlled Trial of Cognitive Behavioral Social Skills Training for Middle-Aged and Older Outpatients With Chronic Schizophrenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The number of older patients with chronic schizophrenia is increasing. There is a need for empirically validated psychotherapy interventions for these pa- tients. Cognitive behavioral social skills training teaches cognitive and behavioral coping techniques, social functioning skills, problem solving, and compensa- tory aids for neurocognitive impairments. The authors compared treatment as usual with the combination of treatment as usual

Eric Granholm; John R. McQuaid; Simjee McClure; Lisa A. Auslander; D. Dimitri Perivoliotis; M. S. Paola Pedrelli; M. A. Thomas Patterson; Dilip V. Jeste

2005-01-01

432

Coping Strategies of Alcoholic Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent efforts have increased research on alcoholic women. Few studies have examined the coping mechanisms characteristic of alcoholic women relative to their nonalcoholic controls. Conforming to DSM-IV criteria for alcohol dependence, 159 alcoholic women stratified by race (black and white) and age (20–29, 30–39, and 40–49 years) were compared to 150 nonalcoholic women from a variety of public and private

Philip J. Michels; N. Peter Johnson; Robert Mallin; J. T. Thornhill; Sunil Sharma; Harold Gonzales; Robert Kellett

1999-01-01

433

Body, coping and self-identity. A qualitative 5-year follow-up study of stroke.  

PubMed

Abstract Objective: The purpose of this article is to identify, from a long-term perspective, stroke survivors' self-identity, their views of any associated disabilities and how they manage their lives after stroke. Methods: The interviews and analyses were conducted using a phenomenological qualitative method. A total of 10 men and 5 women, aged 42-84, participated. All had suffered first-time stroke 5 years earlier. Results: After 5 years, participants had greater acceptance of their situation compared with immediately after participating in the rehabilitation programme. However, they described how they still had to deal with the consequences of stroke. They had suffered further illnesses and additions to side effects of the stroke. In dealing with their disabilities and changes to self-identity and life patterns, they seemed to be in a continuous process of change that never truly stabilised. They coped with this continuous process in at least two different ways, including resignation or personal growth. Conclusion: Stroke survivors suffered considerable ongoing and changing difficulties in relation to disability, self-perception and to coping with a new life. This continuous process of change could be seen to drain their energy. The study shows that many survivors live a more home-centred life with fewer social relations and less active participation in their community. This can entail the risk of depression and loneliness. The study also shows, however, that adopting an optimistic approach to life can lead to continued learning about abilities and limitations, to the development of new skills and to the fashioning of a new self-identity. Implications for Rehabilitation This study suggests that stroke survivors should be offered individualised rehabilitation programmes that address not only physical activities but also psychological circumstances and existential issues. It is recommended that the interventions offered to the stroke survivor are unfolded through a pedagogical approach, so the individuals do not feel alienated or need to struggle in isolation. The programme should promote the individual's motivation, the sense of being able to cope and an optimistic view of life. There is a need for further research focusing on identifying the factors that facilitate the individual's positive approach to life and optimism. There is also the need to examine a variety of approaches to rehabilitation that emphasise empowerment and self-efficacy for stroke individuals in a variety of phases of rehabilitation and with various degrees of disability. PMID:23631656

Pallesen, Hanne

2013-04-30

434

How Coping Mediates the Effect of Optimism on Distress: A Study of Women With Early Stage Breast Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

At diagnosis, 59 breast cancer patients reported on their overall optimism about life; 1 day presurgery, 10 days postsurgery, and at 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-ups, they reported their recent coping responses and distress levels. Optimism related inversely to distress at each point, even controlling for prior distress. Acceptance, positive reframing, and use of religion were the most common coping

Charles S. Carver; Christina Pozo; Suzanne D. Harris; Victoria Noriega; Michael F. Scheier; David S. Robinson; Alfred S. Ketcham; Frederick L. Moffat; Kimberley C. Clark

1993-01-01

435

Emotional Regulation and Display in Classroom Victims of Bullying: Characteristic Expressions of Affect, Coping Styles and Relevant Contextual Factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research suggests that victims of bullying may lack skills in emotional regulation, a process which facilitates coping with provocative situations to lessen the stress of negative emotions (Cicchetti, Ackerman, & Izard, 1995). The present study ex- amined the emotional regulation and display patterns of victims during classroom bul- lying episodes. Children in grades one through six were observed during free

Melissa M. Mahady Wilton; Wendy M. Craig; Debra J. Pepler

2000-01-01

436

Coping strategies for craving management in nicotine dependent patients Estratégias de enfrentamento da fissura em dependentes de nicotina  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the intensity of craving and the types of coping skills used by nicotine-dependent patients. Method: This was an experimental study. The sample comprised 201 subjects, mean age 38.15 years. The participants were randomly divided into groups of zero, 30 and 60 minutes of nicotine abstinence. The following instruments

Renata Brasil Araujo; Margareth da Silva Oliveira; Rosemeri Siqueira Pedroso; Maria da Graça; Tanori de Castro

437

Coping with guilt and shame after gambling loss.  

PubMed

In this study we examined the relations between guilt and shame and coping strategies in response to gambling loss. Based on H.B. Lewis's (Shame & guilt in neurosis. New York: International Universities Press, 1971) account of guilt and shame, we proposed that unlike guilt, the experience of shame involves the attribution of gambling loss to stable and global internal factors (i.e., self-devaluation). We hypothesized that problem gambling severity would be more strongly associated with the intensity of shame than with the intensity of guilt following gambling loss. Further, we hypothesized that the intensity of shame would be positively associated with the use of avoidant coping strategies following gambling loss. Finally, we hypothesized that the intensity of shame would mediate the association between problem gambling severity and the use of avoidant coping. These hypotheses were supported by a retrospective survey of recent gambling losses. Our finding suggests that the experience of shame and the use of avoidant coping strategies to deal with this emotion are central to problem gambling severity. PMID:20857182

Yi, Sunghwan; Kanetkar, Vinay

2011-09-01

438

Social isolation in parents of children with hemangiomas: Effects of coping styles and emotional distress.  

PubMed

This study investigated factors associated with social isolation in parents of children with hemangiomas. Eighty-one parents completed questionnaires assessing their emotional distress, social isolation, and coping styles. To explore the relationships between these variables, a path analysis was used to test a model in which clinical characteristics of hemangiomas and parents' coping strategies do not have direct effects on their social isolation but indirect effects via their emotional distress. Bootstrapping was used to assess indirect effects. Time since onset and lesional complications had positive direct effects on parents' social isolation. Lesional visibility and emotion-focused coping had negative indirect effects on parents' social isolation via their emotional distress, while problem-focused coping showed a positive indirect effect. These findings may have implications for clinicians managing parents of children with hemangiomas. PMID:23387298

Quintard, Bruno; Gana, Kamel; Constant, Aymery; Quintric, Chantal; Taïeb, Alain; Léauté-Labrèze, Christine

2013-02-06

439

Influences of spiritual well-being and coping on mental health of family caregivers for elders.  

PubMed

The purpose of the study was to describe spiritual well-being of family caregivers of elders with congestive heart failure and examine the relationships among family caregivers' spiritual well-being, coping, and mental health. A descriptive, correlational research design was used, and data were collected from a convenience sample of 50 family caregivers. The findings indicated that positive spiritual well-being was inversely related to negative mental health. Examination of the spiritual well-being subscales suggested that faith/belief systems and life satisfaction contributed to the significant correlation. Positive coping strategies were inversely related to negative mental health. Examination of the coping subscales suggested that scores on Problem Solving and Coping, Alternative Perception of Events, and Dealing with Stress Symptoms contributed to the significant correlation with mental health scores. It is vital to identify processes that contribute to family caregivers' mental health to support them in their role. PMID:20078007

Yeh, Pi-Ming; Bull, Margaret

2009-04-30

440

Coping with the urge to smoke: A real-time analysis.  

PubMed

Successfully coping with the urge to smoke is important to achieve smoking cessation. Nicotine-dependent smokers (N?=?123) were placed in a tempting setting in a laboratory, and the effectiveness of various coping strategies for resisting the urge to smoke were evaluated in real time. Latency (time between exposure to lit cigarettes and report of need to smoke) was the primary-dependent variable, and coping strategies listed by participants after the smoking encounter served as predictors. There was a small positive relationship between cognitive-specific strategies, such as using positive self-talk, and latency (r?=?.19, p?cope with the urge to smoke. PMID:23280394

Merchant, Gina; Pulvers, Kim; Brooks, Richard D; Edwards, Jessica

2012-12-31

441

[A study on the grief and coping pattern of mothers who have a chronically ill child].  

PubMed

This study was done in order to identify symptoms of grief and patterns of coping in mothers of chronically ill children. Nurses, as health professionals, must understand helpful coping methods for mothers who have chronically ill children. Based on this knowledge, nurses can develop appropriate nursing intervention strategies, and so help the mothers to develop effective ways of coping and give support to mothers with chronically ill children in process of coping with this grief. The research questions guiding this research were: 1. what type of grief does the mother have at the time of child's diagnosis and at present? 2. what are the problems confronting the mother? 3. what are the coping patterns of the mother? 4. is there a difference according to child's diagnosis in the mother's grief and coping pattern? Ths subject for this study were obtained by taking a convenience sample of 120 mothers with a chronically ill child. Interviews took place in four medical school hospitals and one medical center in Seoul from March 19th to May 16th 1990. The tools used in this study were Mcfarlan's (1983), Grief contents, Folkman & Lazarus (1983), Ways of Coping and Hymovich's (1983) the Chronicity Impact and Coping Instrument. The findings were as follows; 1. Grief items had a maximum score of three points. The highest item scores at the time of diagnosis, were in order, heart broken, talkative, and could not do anything, at the present, 'talkative', 'heart broken' and 'busy myself with other things'. 2. The problems confronting the mothers were 'worry about ill child's future', 'her responsibilities in taking care of the ill child.' 3. Most of the mothers used similar ways of coping, that is 'problem focused coping', 'detachment', 'wishful thinking', 'seeking social support' and 'focusing on the positive and hardly any of them used 'tension reduction'. 4. There was a significant difference in coping methods according to the child's diagnosis, leukemia, cancer hemophillia and nephrotic syndrome. The most frequently used coping method was detachment, especially for the mother of the child with. 5. At the time of diagnosis there was a positive correlation between the level of grief and the coping method of detachment and seeking social support. PMID:2266722

Han, J S; Oh, K

1990-10-31

442

Want Positive Behavior? Use Positive Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Positive adult language is the professional use of words and tone of voice to enable students to learn in an engaged, active way. This includes learning social skills. To guide children toward choosing and maintaining positive behaviors, adults need to carefully choose the words and tone of voice used when speaking to them. Learning to use…

Wood, Chip; Freeman-Loftis, Babs

2012-01-01

443

The relationship between self-control and health: The mediating effect of avoidant coping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trait self-control is related to a number of positive outcomes, including mental health, interpersonal success, academic success and health-related behaviours. This study sought to explore the relationships between self-control, reports of mental and physical health symptoms and coping styles. The results revealed that higher self-control was related to fewer mental and physical health symptoms and less avoidance coping. There was

Adriel Boals; Michelle R. vanDellen; Jonathan B. Banks

2011-01-01

444

A longitudinal study of coping and burnout among Japanese family caregivers of frail elders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to clarify causal relations between coping strategies and burnout in family caregivers of frail elders in Japan.Methods: Baseline and 1-year follow-up interviews were conducted with 546 caregivers living in suburban Tokyo. Using newly refined measures, five coping strategies of caregivers (Keeping Their Own Pace, Positive Acceptance of Caregiving Role, Diversion, Informal Support Seeking,

Hideki Okabayashi; Hidehiro Sugisawa; Kaoru Takanashi; Yomei Nakatani; Yoko Sugihara; Gavin W. Hougham

2008-01-01

445

Spirituality, religiousness, coping strategies and multiple domains of functioning for adults with vision-related disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationships between spirituality, intrinsic religiousness, and coping strategies (i.e., problem-focused and avoidant emotion-focused coping) and multiple domains of functioning (i.e., instrumental activities of daily living, life satisfaction, and community engagement) for adults with vision-related disabilities. The results indicated significant positive associations between spirituality and life satisfaction, and spirituality and community engagement. Age of onset, income, and

Allyson R Matt

2011-01-01

446

Skills for Action. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Skills for Action," a program to build positive character values and life and citizenship skills for students in grades 9-12, includes classroom lessons and service learning. The program, with more than 100 lessons focused around 26 personal, social, and thinking skills, ranges from one semester to four years in length. Students explore personal…

What Works Clearinghouse, 2006

2006-01-01

447

Coping, satisfaction, and the life cycle in families with mentally retarded persons.  

PubMed

The study focused on the variables influencing the functioning of 62 families with MR (mentally retarded) persons, living at home, in various stages of the life cycle. Results demonstrated the importance of some father characteristics to maternal coping skills in two-parent households. Although mean maternal coping scores were not statistically different between two-parent and single-parent households, single mothers' coping skills showed strong negative associations with both the number of children in the household and the age of the mother. This was not true of mothers in two-parent households. Single-parent mothers also appeared to be considerably more dissatisfied with family functioning than mothers in two-parent households. The supportive role of older fathers in mothers' coping in two-parent households also was apparent. Clinical implications of the study point to the need for greater support for mothers of young children with MR, mothers who are sole caregivers, and parents with many children. Differential support to mothers and fathers of an MR person may be required over the life cycle. PMID:1841074

Cullen, J C; MacLeod, J A; Williams, P D; Williams, A R

448

Survival Skills: A Basic Skills Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The guide describes an approach designed to promote the basic skills of hearing impaired students Basic or survival skills are identified which cover the student's daily functioning at home, school, and in the community. The guide is aimed at the 10-15 year old hearing impaired student, but techniques are expected to be applicable to both…

Mahoney, Don

449

Survival Skills: A Basic Skills Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide describes an approach designed to promote the basic skills of hearing impaired students Basic or survival skills are identified which cover the student's daily functioning at home, school, and in the community. The guide is aimed at the 10-15 year old hearing impaired student, but techniques are expected to be applicable to both…

Mahoney, Don

450

Coping with political violence in Northern Ireland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent community based research, employing a self-assessed measure of psychological distress, has suggested that people in Northern Ireland may be coping relatively well with the stress of continuing political violence. This paper reports a first direct investigation of coping in Northern Ireland. Using two scales from the Folkman and Lazarus Ways of Coping Questionnaire--Distancing and seeking Social Support--an attempt was

Ed Cairns; Ronnie Wilson

1989-01-01

451

Coping in sport: A systematic review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper was to systematically review the literature on coping in sport, examining evidence for both the trait and process perspectives, the types of coping strategies used by athletes, gender differences, age-related differences, and coping effectiveness. A comprehensive literature search of SPORTdiscus, PsychLIT, and PsychINFO in November 2004 yielded 64 studies spanning 16 years (1988 – 2004). The results

Adam R. Nicholls; Remco C. J. Polman

2007-01-01

452

Stress coping styles among German managers  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a weekly managerial newspaper survey the abbreviated German version of the Occupational Stress Indicator’s Coping scale was completed anonymously by over 200 readers. Of these we selected only those who were categorised as management (n = 160) in our study. The mean coping score for the full Coping scale was 36.98 (SD 8.65) with a split half reliability of

Bruce Kirkcaldy; Adrian Furnham

1999-01-01

453

Predictors of Adolescent Drug Use: Cognitive Abilities, Coping Strategies, and Purpose in Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose in life and coping skills are hypothesized to mediate the association between cognitive abilities (e.g., fluid and crystallized intelligence) and poly drug use (alcohol, cigarettes, cannabis, illicit drugs). Self-report, cross-sectional data were obtained from a community sample of 144 junior high and high school students, 12 to 17 years old. Structural model results indicated that the relationship between crystallized

Janet A. Minehan; Michael D. Newcomb; Elisha R. Galaif

2000-01-01

454

Transfer of motor and perceptual skills from basketball to darts.  

PubMed

The quiet eye is a perceptual skill associated with expertise and superior performance; however, little is known about the transfer of quiet eye across domains. We attempted to replicate previous skill-based differences in quiet eye and investigated whether transfer of motor and perceptual skills occurs between similar tasks. Throwing accuracy and quiet eye duration for skilled and less-skilled basketball players were examined in basketball free throw shooting and the transfer task of dart throwing. Skilled basketball players showed significantly higher throwing accuracy and longer quiet eye duration in the basketball free throw task compared to their less-skilled counterparts. Further, skilled basketball players showed positive transfer from basketball to dart throwing in accuracy but not in quiet eye duration. Our results raise interesting questions regarding the measurement of transfer between skills. PMID:24062703

Rienhoff, Rebecca; Hopwood, Melissa J; Fischer, Lennart; Strauss, Bernd; Baker, Joseph; Schorer, Jörg

2013-09-12

455

Transfer of motor and perceptual skills from basketball to darts  

PubMed Central

The quiet eye is a perceptual skill associated with expertise and superior performance; however, little is known about the transfer of quiet eye across domains. We attempted to replicate previous skill-based differences in quiet eye and investigated whether transfer of motor and perceptual skills occurs between similar tasks. Throwing accuracy and quiet eye duration for skilled and less-skilled basketball players were examined in basketball free throw shooting and the transfer task of dart throwing. Skilled basketball players showed significantly higher throwing accuracy and longer quiet eye duration in the basketball free throw task compared to their less-skilled counterparts. Further, skilled basketball players showed positive transfer from basketball to dart throwing in accuracy but not in quiet eye duration. Our results raise interesting questions regarding the measurement of transfer between skills.

Rienhoff, Rebecca; Hopwood, Melissa J.; Fischer, Lennart; Strauss, Bernd; Baker, Joseph; Schorer, Jorg

2013-01-01

456

Coping strategies predict disability in patients with primary fibromyalgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

We administered the Coping Strategies Questionnaire (CSQ) to 80 patients with fibromyalgia (FM) to determine the relationship between coping strategies and functional disability. A principal components factor analysis revealed two dimensions of patients' CSQ responses: Coping Attempts and Catastrophizing. Coping Attempts consists of five scales: Reinterpreting Pain, Ignoring Pain Sensations, Diverting Attention, Coping Self-Statements and Increasing Activity Level. Catastrophizing is

Michelle Y Martin; Laurence A Bradley; Ronald W Alexander; Graciela S Alarcón; Mireya Triana-Alexander; Leslie A Aaron; Kristin R Alberts

1996-01-01

457

Stress and Coping with Discrimination and Stigmatization  

PubMed Central

The aim of this article is to briefly review the literature on stigmatization and more generally identity threats, to focus more specifically of the way people appraise and cope with those threatening situations. Based on the transactional model of stress and coping of Lazarus and Folkman (1984), we propose a model of coping with identity threats that takes into accounts the principle characteristic of stigma, its devaluing aspect. We present a model with specific antecedents, a refined appraisal phase and a new classification of coping strategies based on the motives that may be elicited by the threatening situation, those of protecting and/or enhancing the personal and/or social identity.

Berjot, Sophie; Gillet, Nicolas

2011-01-01

458

Expanding the Conceptualization of Caregiver Coping: The Importance of Relationship-Focused Coping Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Used stress and coping model to study predictors of individual differences in caregiver depression and satisfaction among 72 wife caregivers of husbands with Alzheimer's disease. Specifically examined relationship-focused caregiver coping strategies. Findings support need for expansion of conceptualization of caregiver coping to include…

Kramer, Betty J.

1993-01-01

459

Collectivism and coping: Current theories, evidence, and measurements of collective coping  

Microsoft Academic Search

A burgeoning body of cultural coping research has begun to identify the prevalence and the functional importance of collective coping behaviors among culturally diverse populations in North America and internationally. These emerging findings are highly significant as they evidence culture's impacts on the stress-coping process via collectivistic values and orientation. They provide a critical counterpoint to the prevailing Western, individualistic

Ben C. H. Kuo

2012-01-01

460

Parental psychological violence and adolescent behavioral adjustment: the role of coping and social support.  

PubMed

The role of coping strategies (approach and avoidance) as a mediating factor between parental psychological violence and adolescent behavior problems, both internalized and externalized, as well as the protective role of social support were examined separately for boys and girls. A group of 278 adolescents (mean age: 14.2) were recruited in three high schools located in low, moderate, and high socioeconomic areas. Participants were in the seventh, eighth, and ninth grades, and each completed a self-administered questionnaire. The use of avoidant coping strategies partially mediated the link between parental psychological violence and behavior problems among girls. The use of approach coping strategies partially mediated the link between parental psychological violence and behavior problems among boys. In all cases, coping enhanced this link. No protective role of social support was found. On the contrary, this variable was found to increase the relationship between parental psychological violence and externalized behavior problems among boys. These findings suggest that interventions aimed at strengthening coping skills and social support in adolescents may not be effective in alleviating various behavioral symptoms associated with parental psychological violence. They highlight the importance of prevention of psychologically violent parental practices, instead of only reacting to the problem after it has occurred. PMID:22829215

Gagné, Marie-Hélène; Melançon, Claudiane

2012-07-24

461

Social Skills Interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The term “social skills” encompasses an array of learned behaviors that share the common goal of maintaining or increasing\\u000a reinforcement within a social context. Deficits in social skills can occur at any developmental period and are not likely\\u000a to improve spontaneously because impaired social skills impede interactions with other people. In turn, unsatisfying or disruptive\\u000a interactions exacerbate social skill deficits

Ashley J. Smith; Judith A. Jordan; Mary Fran Flood; David J. Hansen

462

Longitudinal evaluation of the relationship between maladaptive trauma coping and distress: examination following the mass shooting at Virginia Tech.  

PubMed

Growing evidence supports that the coping strategies that individuals utilize are a key predictor of distress following trauma. However, there is limited longitudinal research examining the relationship between psychological distress and coping over time, and even less research examining the possibility of reciprocal relationships between distress and coping, despite the fact that prior theoretical work posits such a relationship. The current study modeled the relationship between distress (PTSD and general distress) and maladaptive coping over time in a sample of 368 college women exposed to the mass shooting at Virginia Tech (VT). Participants completed web surveys regarding their distress, shooting-related coping, and shooting-related PTSD 2 months, 6 months, and 1 year following the shooting. They also completed measures of their psychological distress prior to the shooting as part of an unrelated study. A structural cross-lagged model with latent variables supported a reciprocal relationship between maladaptive coping and general psychological distress over time. In contrast, the cross-lagged model evaluating the relationship between PTSD and maladaptive coping supported that PTSD symptoms predicted coping over time, but there was no reciprocal relationship between coping and PTSD. Implications of the findings for future work examining adjustment following traumatic events are discussed. PMID:20658373

Littleton, Heather; Axsom, Danny; Grills-Taquechel, Amie E

2011-05-01

463

The measurement of coping with stress: Construct validity of the ways of coping checklist and the cybernetic coping scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though numerous Measures of coping have been presented in the literature, procedures used to evaluate the construct validiy of these measures are incomplete, and few studies have examined multiple measures using data from the same sample, This study presents a comparative evaluation of the construct validity of the Ways of Coping Checklist (WCCL; Lazarus and Folkman 1984) and the Cybernetic

Jeffrey R. Edwards; A J Baglioni Jr

1993-01-01

464

Life Skills Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, Bates, the Inmate Programs Manager of the Hillsborough County Sheriff's Office in Tampa, Florida, describes her office's Life Skills Project, a comprehensive program that has significantly enhanced three existing programs by adding extensive life skills components. The added life skills modules reinforce the importance of…

Bates, Jan P.

2005-01-01

465

Evaluating Physical Assessment Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes methods used in the nursing curriculum at the University of Iowa College of Nursing to evaluate inclusion of physical assessment skills and to test students' use of cognitive, perceptual, and psychomotor assessment skills in nursing diagnosis. Includes an example of motor and perceptual skill objectives for examining thorax and lungs.…

And Others; Reese, Jean L.

1979-01-01

466

Enhancing Employee Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains four symposium papers on enhancing employee skills. "The Effect of Study Skills Training Intervention on United States Air Force Aeromedical Apprentices" (John C. Griffith) demonstrates how study skills intervention resulted in a significant increase in the end-of-course scores of a sample of 90 randomly selected Air Force…

1999

467

Understanding Thinking Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Issues pertaining to thinking skills are discussed in an attempt to clarify what thinking skills are and their components, how they function and how they can be developed in the teaching-learning environment. Chapter 1 reviews the definitions of thinking skills. These definitions are selected from the current literature on education and…

Shrestha, Bijaya K.

1989-01-01

468

Enhancing Employee Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains four symposium papers on enhancing employee skills. "The Effect of Study Skills Training Intervention on United States Air Force Aeromedical Apprentices" (John C. Griffith) demonstrates how study skills intervention resulted in a significant increase in the end-of-course scores of a sample of 90 randomly selected Air Force…

1999

469

Assessing Skill Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most educators are familiar with instances of authentic assessment of "content" within the disciplines or of authentic assessment of "discipline-specific skills." In such authentic assessments, students apply the knowledge and skills of the discipline to situations or tasks that replicate real world challenges. The measurement of skills is…

Mueller, Jon

2008-01-01

470

Acquisition of Cognitive Skill.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A framework for skill acquisition is proposed in which there are two major stages in the development of a cognitive skill--a declarative stage in which facts about the skill domain are interpreted and a procedural stage in which the domain knowledge is em...

J. R. Anderson

1981-01-01

471

Positive and negative affect in parenting disabled children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on parents' positive and negative affect may clarify critical aspects in the emotional impact of raising a child with disabilities, as related to stress-resistance factors such as personal coping and family climate. Parental affect (positive and negative), coping strategies (active and avoidant), and family climate (relationships, personal growth, and system maintenance) among 71 families with disabled children were compared

Malka Margalit; Dee B. Ankonina

1991-01-01

472

Polymorphisms in the angiotensin-converting enzyme gene region predict coping styles in healthy adults and depressed patients.  

PubMed

Dispositional coping styles are important moderators of the stress reaction and are altered in stress-related disorders like cardiovascular diseases and affective disorders. Heritability studies suggest a considerable genetic contribution to the interindividual variability in coping styles. Since the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene has been described to be associated with the vulnerability for stress-related disorders and with altered stress hormone regulation, we investigated the ACE gene as potential candidate gene for coping styles. Five hundred forty one mentally healthy subjects and 194 patients suffering from depression participating in the Munich Antidepressant Response Signature (MARS) project were examined. Coping styles were assessed with a self-report questionnaire (German Stress Coping Questionnaire SVF78) measuring the individual coping style pattern in response to stressful situations. We genotyped 15 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and the insertion/Deletion (I/D)-polymorphism in the ACE gene region and investigated their associations with coping styles. In healthy subjects, the highest association was observed between rs8066276, an intronic SNP of the ACE gene, and the coping factor Distraction. A further intronic SNP rs4305, not in linkage disequilibrium with rs8066276, showed an association with Devaluation/Defense. All associated copying styles can be categorized as potentially stress reducing factors (positive coping). Both SNPs were also found to be associated with positive coping styles in the patient sample; rs8066276 was associated with Devaluation/Defense, and rs4305 showed associations with Control. These results suggest that the ACE gene is involved in the development of coping strategies. PMID:18484085

Heck, Angela; Lieb, Roselind; Ellgas, Andrea; Pfister, Hildegard; Lucae, Susanne; Erhardt, Angelika; Himmerich, Hubertus; Horstmann, Sonja; Kloiber, Stefan; Ripke, Stephan; Müller-Myhsok, Bertram; Bettecken, Thomas; Uhr, Manfred; Holsboer, Florian; Ising, Marcus

2009-01-01

473

Coping Strategies of Street Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Street children are usually failures and drop outs at school, but their skill and creativity in surviving and entertaining themselves in the streets show that they do not lack intellig ence. Most of them will admit that they have felt the lack of an adult \\

Matthew Foley

1983-01-01

474

Patterns of Coping, Patterns of Response.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Both behavioral and cognitive coping strategies are determined by an individual's perception of the stressful stimuli. To investigate the relationship of an individual's usual coping style to differential responses to a behavioral or cognitive stressor in four response systems (heart rate, muscle tension, galvanic skin response, and subjective…

Franzen, Michael D.; Heffernan, William

475

Alzheimer's Stress: Coping With the Caregiving Role.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined coping patterns, management stimulation strategies, and support factors associated with well-being in 58 families with member having Alzheimer's disease. Found variations in coping, management, and support correlates of well-being for three caregiver groups (husbands, wives, children). Groups differed in type of behaviors they found…

Quayhagen, Mary P.; Quayhagen, Margaret

1988-01-01

476

Coping Strategies of Caribbean "Problem Students"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The coping strategies of middle adolescents (14-16 years) generate interest amongst educators, parents, school psychologists and school counsellors. This study, using a phenomenological approach, examined the coping strategies of "problem" adolescents in the Caribbean in regard to their interactions with peers and teachers. Data were collected…

Maynard, Donna-Maria B.; Welch, Patricia L.

2009-01-01

477

Individual and Situational Factors in Adolescent Coping.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research has emphasized the need to identify the effectiveness of various coping strategies and social supports used by adolescent mothers. This study examined how adolescents cope with life stresses in nine problem areas. Participants were adolescent mothers who returned to school after the birth of their baby (N=40), adolescent mothers…

Telleen, Sharon; Colletta, Nancy Donohue

478

How IT project managers cope with stress  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examines the level of stress experienced by IT project managers and determines the types of coping strategies used to handle their stress. Sixty-four South African IT project managers completed an online questionnaire. The findings indicate that IT project managers are highly stressed and tend to utilize maladaptive coping strategies more as their stress levels increase. These strategies included

Derek Smith; Justin de Passos; Rafieqah Isaacs

2010-01-01

479

Interpersonal Coping among Boys with ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The authors investigate self-reported coping with interpersonal stressors among boys with and without ADHD in two studies and provide initial evidence for effects of different subgroups of ADHD on coping in Study 2. Method: In Study 1, 20 Austrian adolescents with ADHD were compared to 20 healthy controls. In Study 2, 44 German…

Hampel, Petra; Manhal, Simone; Roos, Thomas; Desman, Christiane

2008-01-01

480

Role of personality characteristics in coping behaviors.  

PubMed

The relations between coping behaviors and personality characteristics (introversion/extroversion) were examined in 176 Japanese female college students. Multiple regression analysis indicated that extrovertive individuals more often used not only seeking social support but also avoidance than did introvertive subjects. An implication for further research would be to analyze the interactions between personality influences and situational factors in coping behaviors. PMID:1454909

Nakano, K

1992-12-01

481

Macroevolutionary trends in the Dinosauria: Cope's rule  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cope's rule is the tendency for body size to increase over time along a lineage. A set of 65 phylogenetically independent comparisons, between earlier and later genera, show that Cope's rule applied in dinosaurs: later genera were on average about 25% longer than the related earlier genera to which they were compared. The tendency for size to increase was not

D. W. E. HONE; T. M. KEESEY; D. PISANI; A. PURVIS

2005-01-01

482

Time Management Skill Training and Procedures for Increasing Student Efficiency in a Computer-Managed Instructional Environment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This project designed and developed a specialized student skill module for providing rudimentary time management skills, and implemented and evaluated the effectiveness of this skill module for reducing course completion times and promoting positive stude...

J. L. Dobrovolny

1979-01-01

483

Using Spirituality to Cope with Early Stage Alzheimer's disease  

PubMed Central

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) robs persons living with this disease of their independence and self-esteem, which can lead to depression, anxiety, and loneliness. Understanding how people with early stage AD cope is a critical step to enhance their adaptive abilities and ultimately improve their quality of life. This qualitative study describes how individuals with early stage AD use spirituality to cope with the losses of self-esteem, independence, and social interaction that they face. The purposive sample for this focused ethnography study consisted of 15 participants living at home in central Arkansas. Holding onto faith, seeking reassurance and hope, and staying connected were the global themes. Personal faith, prayer, connection to church, and family support enhanced the ability for people with early stage AD to keep a positive attitude as they face living with Alzheimer’s.

Grando, Victoria T.

2010-01-01

484

Stress, coping, and adjustment in mothers and young adolescents in single- and two-parent families.  

PubMed

Compared stress, coping, and psychological adjustment in single (divorced or separated) and married mothers and their young adolescent children. Single mothers reported more daily hassles related to economic, family, and personal health problems, and more symptoms of depression, anxiety, and psychoticism. Single mothers also reported using more coping strategies related to accepting responsibility and positive reappraisal. After controlling for level of family income, differences in family hassles and coping strategies remained significant. The two groups did not differ on subtypes of symptoms after controlling for income, but single mothers still reported more total psychological symptoms. No differences were found between children in these two family constellations on maternal reports of emotional/behavioral problems or on children's self-reported emotional/behavioral problems, stressful events, or coping. Implications of these findings for adjustment to life in single-parent families are discussed. PMID:2075890

Compas, B E; Williams, R A

1990-08-01

485

The Stress and Coping Responses of Certified Graduate Athletic Training Students  

PubMed Central

Objective: To assess the sources of stress and coping responses of certified graduate athletic training students. Design and Setting: We interviewed certified graduate athletic training students 3 times over a 9-month period. We transcribed the interviews verbatim and used grounded theory analytic