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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

20 CFR 211.15 - Verification of compensation claimed.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Accounts shall inform the employee that the compensation claimed is not creditable...adjustment crediting the employee with the compensation claimed. If the employer...adjustment crediting the employee with the compensation claimed. [49...

2013-04-01

2

76 FR 36176 - Fully Developed Claim (Fully Developed Claims-Applications for Compensation, Pension, DIC, Death...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control No. 2900-0747] Fully Developed Claim (Fully Developed Claims--Applications for Compensation, Pension, DIC, Death Pension, and/or Accrued Benefits); Correction AGENCY: Veterans Benefits Administration, Department of Veterans...

2011-06-21

3

20 CFR 10.425 - May compensation be claimed for periods of restorable leave?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Compensation...restorable leave? The employee may claim compensation for periods of...

2013-04-01

4

Repeat workers' compensation claims: risk factors, costs and work disability  

PubMed Central

Background The objective of our study was to describe factors associated with repeat workers' compensation claims and to compare the work disability arising in workers with single and multiple compensation claims. Methods All initial injury claims lodged by persons of working age during a five year period (1996 to 2000) and any repeat claims were extracted from workers' compensation administrative data in the state of Victoria, Australia. Groups of workers with single and multiple claims were identified. Descriptive analysis of claims by affliction, bodily location, industry segment, occupation, employer and workplace was undertaken. Survival analysis determined the impact of these variables on the time between the claims. The economic impact and duration of work incapacity associated with initial and repeat claims was compared between groups. Results 37% of persons with an initial claim lodged a second claim. This group contained a significantly greater proportion of males, were younger and more likely to be employed in manual occupations and high-risk industries than those with single claims. 78% of repeat claims were for a second injury. Duration between the claims was shortest when the working conditions had not changed. The initial claims of repeat claimants resulted in significantly (p < 0.001) lower costs and work disability than the repeat claims. Conclusions A substantial proportion of injured workers experience a second occupational injury or disease. These workers pose a greater economic burden than those with single claims, and also experience a substantially greater cumulative period of work disability. There is potential to reduce the social, health and economic burden of workplace injury by enacting prevention programs targeted at these workers.

2011-01-01

5

32 CFR 264.5 - Claims for compensation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...INTERNATIONAL INTERCHANGE OF PATENT RIGHTS AND TECHNICAL INFORMATION § 264.5 Claims for compensation...within the United States of a patent issued by the United States...of privately owned technical information. (b) The...

2013-07-01

6

20 CFR 10.102 - How and when is a claim for wage loss compensation filed?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Filing Notices and Claims; Submitting Evidence...

2013-04-01

7

20 CFR 702.221 - Claims for compensation; time limitations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...compensation payment was made. (b) In the case of a hearing loss claim, the time for filing a claim does not begin...report which indicates the employee has sustained a hearing loss that is related to his or her employment. (See §...

2013-04-01

8

Workers' Compensation and Family and Medical Leave Act Claim Contagion  

Microsoft Academic Search

At $60 billion per year, the workers' compensation system has come under increased scrutiny as firms, insurers, and researchers study the dynamics of claim filing. The Family and Medical Leave Act also covers most workers, and there has been very little research concerning the effects of FMLA legislation on employment. One hitherto neglected research area in both workers' compensation and

Harold H. Gardner; Nathan L. Kleinman; Richard J. Butler

2000-01-01

9

Workers' Compensation Claims and Physical Fitness Capacity of Police Officers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study compared police officers' physical fitness levels with workers' compensation (WC) claims. Officers who collected WC were predominantly female, younger, and lower ranking, with better physical fitness than officers not collecting WC. Officers in the second highest fitness level and older officers with greater cardiovascular fitness had

Boyce, Robert W.; And Others

1992-01-01

10

On the recurrence of occupational injuries and workers' compensation claims.  

PubMed

This paper represents the first study to estimate counts of individual occupational injuries and claims over long spells of working life (up to 13 years) in the USA. It explores data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979. I found that 37% of all surveyed workers who had experienced one on-the-job accident reported at least one additional injury, but only 56% of all occupational injuries and illnesses resulted in workers' compensation claims. I estimated different count models to assess the effect of different individual worker and job characteristics on individual injury counts and workers' compensation claims counts. Lower educational levels, less tenure, work in dangerous industries and unskilled occupations, and job demands are found to be important determinants of multiple on-the-job injuries. The most interesting results, however, refer to the role played by individuals' pre-injury characteristics: early exposure to dangerous jobs is among the main determinants of higher counts of occupational injuries later in life. Early health limitations are also significant predictors of recurrent workers' compensation claims. These results provide new evidence about the important role played by both the health and the socioeconomic status of young people as determinants of their future occupational injuries. PMID:22539203

Galizzi, Monica

2012-04-27

11

76 FR 73021 - Agency Information Collection (Report of Accidental Injury in Support of Claim for Compensation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Support of Claim for Compensation or Pension/Statement of Witness to Accident): Activity Under OMB Review AGENCY: Veterans...Support of Claim for Compensation or Pension/Statement of Witness to Accident, VA Form 21- 4176. OMB Control Number:...

2011-11-28

12

76 FR 58566 - Proposed Information Collection (Report of Accidental Injury in Support of Claim for Compensation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Support of Claim for Compensation or Pension/Statement of Witness to Accident) Activity: Comment Request AGENCY: Veterans...Support of Claim for Compensation or Pension/Statement of Witness to Accident, VA Form 21- 4176. OMB Control Number:...

2011-09-21

13

The art of directing a workers' compensation claim: personal observations on the role of the workers' compensation claim adjuster.  

PubMed

Workers' compensation claims are becoming more complex and expensive every day. One of the contributing factors for the increase is the aging workforce as well as federal legislation such as the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA). The workforce is aging, mobile, and educated about their rights. The key to avoiding spiraling costs is a strong safety and claims program that is sponsored by senior management,valued by the employees, and implemented by the entire company. PMID:15182755

Wendt, Chris; Emmett, Ted

2004-05-01

14

75 FR 5499 - Claims for Compensation; Death Gratuity Under the Federal Employees' Compensation Act  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RIN 1215-AB66 Claims for Compensation; Death Gratuity Under the Federal Employees...interim final rule in order to administer the death gratuity created by section 1105 of the...Law 110-181. Section 1105 provides a death gratuity payment to eligible...

2010-02-03

15

Body Mass Index is a Predictor of Fire Fighter Injury and Worker Compensation Claims  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine the relationship between lifestyle variables including body mass index (BMI) and filing a workers compensation claim due to firefighter injury. Methods A cross-sectional evaluation of firefighter injury related worker compensation claims occurring 5 years after the original PHLAME study intervention. Results Logistic regression analysis for variables predicting filing a workers compensation claim due to an injury were performed. with a total of 433 participants. The odds of filing a compensation claim were almost three times higher for firefighters with a BMI >30 compared to firefighters with normal BMI (odds ratio=2.89, p<.05). Conclusions This study addresses a high priority area of reducing firefighter injuries and workers compensation claims. Maintaining a healthy body weight is important to reduce injury and workers compensation claims among firefighters.

Kuehl, Kerry S.; Kisbu-Sakarya, Yasemin; Elliot, Diane L.; Moe, Esther L.; DeFrancesco, Carol A.; MacKinnon, David P.; Lockhart, Ginger; Goldberg, Linn; Kuehl, Hannah E.

2012-01-01

16

Characteristics of successful claims for payment by the Florida Neurologic Injury Compensation Association Fund  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to examine the obstetric characteristics of claims paid by the State of Florida after the birth of a neurologically impaired child. STUDY DESIGN: The Florida Birth Related Neurological Injury Compensation plan is a no-fault alternative to litigation for compensation after a catastrophic neurologic birth injury. The plan has specific criteria for inclusion. We retrospectively analyzed claims

B. L. Stalnaker; James E. Maher; Gary E. Kleinman; Joan M. Macksey; Loel A. Fishman; Jacqueline M. Bernard

1997-01-01

17

20 CFR 10.111 - What should the employer do when an employee files an initial claim for compensation due to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Filing Notices and Claims; Submitting Evidence...

2013-04-01

18

20 CFR 10.111 - What should the employer do when an employee files an initial claim for compensation due to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Filing Notices and Claims; Submitting Evidence...

2009-04-01

19

20 CFR 10.112 - What should the employer do when an employee files a claim for continuing compensation due to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Filing Notices and Claims; Submitting Evidence...

2013-04-01

20

20 CFR 10.111 - What should the employer do when an employee files an initial claim for compensation due to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Filing Notices and Claims; Submitting Evidence...

2010-04-01

21

20 CFR 10.112 - What should the employer do when an employee files a claim for continuing compensation due to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Filing Notices and Claims; Submitting Evidence...

2010-04-01

22

20 CFR 10.112 - What should the employer do when an employee files a claim for continuing compensation due to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Filing Notices and Claims; Submitting Evidence...

2009-04-01

23

19 CFR 24.32 - Claims; unpaid compensation of deceased employees and death benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...unpaid compensation of deceased employees and death benefits. 24.32 Section 24.32...unpaid compensation of deceased employees and death benefits. (a) A claim made by a...an officer or employee at the time of his death shall be executed on standard...

2013-04-01

24

Occupational vehicular accident claims: a workers' compensation analysis of Oregon truck drivers 1990-1997.  

PubMed

This study used workers' compensation data from Oregon from 1990 to 1997 to examine workers' compensation claims from vehicular accidents by truck drivers, and to calculate claim rate estimates using baseline data derived from the US Bureau of Census' Current Population Surveys. During this period, 1168 valid injury claims due to vehicular accidents were filed representing an accident claim rate of 50.3 (95% CI: 45.1-55.5) per 10,000 truck drivers annually. There were 19 work-related vehicular accident fatalities recorded in the data over the 8-year period. Of all claimants, males constituted the majority (80.7%), most were 35 years of age or younger (51.4%) and had less than 1 year of job tenure (51.0%). Truck driver claim rates due to vehicular accidents were lowest during the 6 a.m. to 12 p.m. period. The average amount of compensable lost work days per injury claim was 57.8 days (S.D.=124.7) and the median claim time was 16.0 days with the inter-quartile range being 53.5 days. The amount of lost work reported increased with the claimant's age. A total of US$ 11,642,635 was paid in claims for vehicular accidents of truck drivers in Oregon over the time examined, which averaged US$ 9966 per claim, with a median claim amount of US$ 2590 and inter-quartile range of US$ 7670. Claims citing sprains were the most frequently recorded injury experienced from vehicular accidents. PMID:15878413

McCall, Brian P; Horwitz, Irwin B

2005-07-01

25

Non-fatal workplace violence workers' compensation claims (1993-1996).  

PubMed

More is known about fatal workplace violence than non-fatal workplace violence (NFWV). This study provides descriptive information on the number and cost of NFWV claims filed with a large workers' compensation carrier. NFWV claims from 51 US jurisdictions were selected either by cause codes or by word search from the accident-description narrative. Claims reported in 1993 through 1996 were analyzed to report the frequency, cost, gender, age, industry, and nature of injury. An analysis of a random sample of 600 claims provided information on perpetrator type, cause of events, and injury mechanism. A total of 28,692 NFWV claims were filed during the study period. No cost was incurred for 32.5% of the claims, and 15.5% received payments for lost work. As a percentage of all claims filed by industry, schools had the highest percentage (11.4%) of NFWV claims, and banking had the highest percentage (11.5%) of cost. The majority of claims in the banking random sample group (93%) were due to stress. In the random sample, 90.3% of claims were caused by criminals (51.8%) or by patients, clients, or customers (38.5%). Only 9.7% were caused by an employee (9.2%) or a personal acquaintance of the employee (0.5%). Employers should acknowledge that NFWV incidents occur, recognize that the majority of perpetrators are criminals or clients rather than employees, and develop appropriate prevention and intervention programs. PMID:9636937

Hashemi, L; Webster, B S

1998-06-01

26

Forecasting the maximum compensation offer in the automobile BI claims negotiation proces  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most motor bodily injury (BI) claims are settled by negotiation, with fewer than 5% of cases going to court. A well-defined negotiation strategy is thus very useful for insurance companies. In this paper we assume that the monetary compensation awarded in court is the upper amount to be offered by the insurer in the negotiation process. Using a real database,

Mercedes Ayuso; Miguel Santolino

2008-01-01

27

Natural rubber latex allergy workers' compensation claims: Washington State healthcare workers, 1991-1999.  

PubMed

Occupational reaction to natural rubber latex experienced by healthcare employees was examined using data of all workers' compensation claims filed by state-insured healthcare employees in Washington State for the period 1991-1999 (n = 65,703). As latex reaction is not a condition for which there are specific identification codes, these claims were estimated by coupling source and nature of injury records that were consistent with reactions to latex. It was found that the claim rate was on average 2.66 per 10,000 state-insured healthcare workers annually. The most common condition experienced was dermal (84.3%), and most common body part affected was the hand (70.0%). Because few claims cited respiratory or conjunctivitis as reaction experienced, little evidence was discovered to support that glove powder acted as a widespread latex allergen transmitter in healthcare environments. Most cases did not require indemnity payment for lost work time (81.2%), suggesting most reactions were minor. The average cost per natural rubber latex claim was $2,759.10, compared to $3,178.18 for the average healthcare worker claim for all causes. Overall, the average cost per state-insured healthcare worker employed during this time was under $0.74 per year. Nursing aides/orderlies were the most frequent healthcare occupation filing a claim (33.2%). The majority of claimants were female (87.9%), and unmarried workers (52.0%) filed slightly more claims than married workers (48.0%). In comparison with other workers' compensation claims filed by healthcare workers during this period, 0.34 percent of the total was potentially related to natural rubber latex, with other common healthcare workplace items cited more frequently as source of occupational injury. PMID:11942670

Horwitz, Irwin B; Kammeyer-Mueller, John D

2002-04-01

28

Doctors and retribution: the hospitalisation of compensation claims in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea.  

PubMed

The cultures in the Papua New Guinea Highlands are characterised by a tradition of retribution. Compensation is part of an elaborate system of exchanging gifts, goods and services. Compensation is paid to those who have suffered some kind of loss for which others are held responsible. Such incidents include death or injury caused by fighting, a road accident or domestic violence, theft, rape, gossip, and property damage. Fear of revenge is an important motive for paying compensation. The hospital has become an increasingly important institution for retribution. It provides medical reports to support compensation claims of physical damage in cases involving violence or an accident. Case material, collected by one of the authors who conducted fieldwork in a hospital in the Southern Highlands, shows that the hospital has established itself as an authoritative actor in the local compensation culture. Doctors spend about one afternoon per week writing medical reports for compensation claims. These reports have become an attractive extra source of income for the hospital. The article describes and analyses a number of cases to illustrate the hospital's role in the production and legitimisation of retribution. PMID:15351474

van Amstel, Hans; van der Geest, Sjaak

2004-11-01

29

A probabilistic method for computing quantitative risk indexes from medical injuries compensation claims.  

PubMed

Background: The increasing demand of health care services and the complexity of health care delivery require Health Care Organizations (HCOs) to approach clinical risk management through proper methods and tools. An important aspect of risk management is to exploit the analysis of medical injuries compensation claims in order to reduce adverse events and, at the same time, to optimize the costs of health insurance policies. Objectives: This work provides a probabilistic method to estimate the risk level of a HCO by computing quantitative risk indexes from medical injury compensation claims. Methods: Our method is based on the estimate of a loss probability distribution from compensation claims data through parametric and non-parametric modeling and Monte Carlo simulations. The loss distribution can be estimated both on the whole dataset and, thanks to the application of a Bayesian hierarchical model, on stratified data. The approach allows to quantitatively assessing the risk structure of the HCO by analyzing the loss distribution and deriving its expected value and percentiles. Results: We applied the proposed method to 206 cases of injuries with compensation requests collected from 1999 to the first semester of 2007 by the HCO of Lodi, in the Northern part of Italy. We computed the risk indexes taking into account the different clinical departments and the different hospitals involved. Conclusions: The approach proved to be useful to understand the HCO risk structure in terms of frequency, severity, expected and unexpected loss related to adverse events. PMID:23615898

Dalle Carbonare, S; Folli, F; Patrini, E; Giudici, P; Bellazzi, R

2013-04-24

30

Injuries to New Zealanders participating in adventure tourism and adventure sports: an analysis of Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) claims  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims The aim of this study was to examine the involvement of adventure tourism and adventure sports activity in injury claims made to the Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC). Methods Epidemiological analysis of ACC claims for the period, July 2004 to June 2005, where adventure activities were involved in the injury. Results 18,697 adventure tourism and adventure sports injury claims were

Tim Bentley; Keith Mack; Jo Edwards

31

Workplace violence in Oregon: an analysis using workers' compensation claims from 1990-1997.  

PubMed

One of the most serious occupational problems in the workplace is the occurrence of violent assaults. This study examined 2028 workers' compensation claims of workplace violence from Oregon between 1990 and 1997, and used Current Population Survey data for risk analysis. The rate of workplace violence was 1.86 per 10,000 employees annually (95% confidence interval, 1.78-1.94), with females and workers under 35 years of age experiencing the most violence. The average claim resulted in approximately 40 days of indemnity and $6200 in costs. Workers on evening and night shifts had significantly higher rates of being victims of violence, as did those working on weekends. Preventative interventions should be targeted at younger workers and those with less tenure. Special measures should be focused on ensuring the safety of evening/night-shift workers and weekend employees. PMID:15076654

McCall, Brian P; Horwitz, Irwin B

2004-04-01

32

Changes in psychiatric status and service use associated with continued compensation seeking after claim determinations for posttraumatic stress disorder.  

PubMed

This study examined changes in psychiatric status and use of VA mental health services after the adjudication of Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) disability claims for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample of 101 veteran claimants. Hypotheses were based on the premise that the claims process may create incentives for veterans to demonstrate illness. After the PTSD claim determination, half the sample had filed or planned to file a claim for a rating increase or an appeal and thus remained compensation seeking. Contradicting the authors' hypotheses, psychiatric status did not improve and treatment drop-out rates did not increase among veterans who were no longer compensation seeking after the claim determination. Results have implications for the design and direction of future research. PMID:18302170

Sayer, Nina A; Spoont, Michele; Nelson, David B; Clothier, Barb; Murdoch, Maureen

2008-02-01

33

The Association between Workers' Compensation Claims Involving Neck Pain and Future Health Care Utilization: A Population-based Cohort Study.  

PubMed

Purpose To describe the health care utilization of injured workers who made a workers' compensation claim for neck pain. Methods. We conducted a cohort study of injured workers who made an incident claim involving neck pain to the Ontario Workplace Safety and Insurance Board between 1997 and 1998. We linked their workers' compensation and Ontario Health Insurance Plan files to collect all health care services accrued during the year prior to and 2years after the claim was initiated. We report the 7day simple moving average of health care services per 1,000 claimants per day. We stratified our analysis by age, sex, the pre-claim level of health care utilization, diagnostic category and health care specialty. Results 58.1% of claimants were males and 35.1% were between the ages of 35 and 44years. The cumulative rate of health care utilization was stable (mean=60.80 services/1,000 claimants/day; 95% CI: 59.7-62.0) throughout the year prior to the claim. However, it peaked during the first 4days following the onset of the claim (mean=473.3 services/1,000 claimants/day) and remained on average 311% higher than baseline during the first month post-claim. On average in our sample, the health care utilization remained 11% higher in the second year after the claim compared to the pre-claim level. This sustained increase was attributable to 6% of claimants. Conclusions We report a long-term increase in the average number of health care services utilized by injured workers who make a workers' compensation claim involving neck pain. This increase was attributable to a minority of claimants. The health reasons for this increase deserve further investigation. PMID:23609406

Ct, Pierre; Yang, Xiaoqing; Kristman, Vicki; Hogg-Johnson, Sheilah; Van Eerd, Dwayne; Rezai, Mana; Vidmar, Marjan

2013-12-01

34

Changes in rates and severity of compensation claims for asthma due to diisocyanates: a possible effect of medical surveillance measures  

PubMed Central

Objectives: A medical surveillance programme was introduced into Ontario for workers exposed to diisocyanates in 1983, but no mandated surveillance programme is in effect in this province for other occupational respiratory sensitisers. This study assesses changes in incidence and severity of compensated claims for occupational asthma (OA) due to diisocyanates compared with other causes, which have occurred since the introduction of this surveillance programme. Methods: New claims for OA compensated by the Ontario Workers' Compensation Board (WCB) between 1980 and 1993 were retrospectively reviewed. Linkage was made between these data and an Ontario Ministry of Health database to assess hospital admissions for asthma from the date of onset of OA until the end of 1996. Results: Numbers of claims for OA induced by diisocyanates ranged from 915/year in 198083, increased up to 5558 claims/year in 198890, then fell to 1920 claims/year by 199293. By contrast yearly numbers of claims for OA due to other causes increased up to 198587 then remained relatively stable. Duration of symptoms for OA induced by diisocyanates was shorter than for other claims and there were fewer hospital admissions among those with OA induced by diisocyanates than among those with OA induced by other causes. Occupational asthma from all causes was diagnosed earlier in claims for 198793 compared with 198086, and indicators of severity of asthma were also milder in accepted claims during 198793 than in earlier claims. Conclusions: Although engineering and industrial hygiene measures may have contributed to these changes, our findings are also consistent with a beneficial contribution from the medical surveillance programme for workers exposed to diisocyanates.

Tarlo, S; Liss, G; Yeung, K

2002-01-01

35

STUDIES IN WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION AND RADIATION INJURY. VOLUME II, THE INCIDENCE, NATURE AND ADJUDICATION OF WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION CLAIMS INVOLVING RADIATION EXPOSURE AND DELAYED INJURY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|THE PURPOSE OF THE STUDY WAS TO PROVIDE A FACTUAL BACKGROUND AGAINST WHICH JUDGMENTS CAN BE MADE CONCERNING THE MAGNITUDE OF THE PROBLEM OF INJURY APPEARING SOME TIME AFTER THE EXPOSURE TO IONIZING RADIATION AND DETERMINE WHETHER EXISTING LAWS PERMIT A JUST AND EQUITABLE ADJUDICATION OF RADIATION COMPENSATION CLAIMS. THE STUDY WAS BASED UPON THE

O'TOOLE, THOMAS J.

36

Changes in rates and severity of compensation claims for asthma due to diisocyanates: a possible effect of medical surveillance measures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: A medical surveillance programme was introduced into Ontario for workers exposed to diisocyanates in 1983, but no mandated surveillance programme is in effect in this province for other occupational respiratory sensitisers. This study assesses changes in incidence and severity of compensated claims for occupational asthma (OA) due to diisocyanates compared with other causes, which have occurred since the introduction

S M Tarlo; G M Liss; K S Yeung

2002-01-01

37

Mesothelioma incidence surveillance systems and claims for workers' compensation. Epidemiological evidence and prospects for an integrated framework  

PubMed Central

Background Malignant mesothelioma is an aggressive and lethal tumour strongly associated with exposure to asbestos (mainly occupational). In Italy a large proportion of workers are protected from occupational diseases by public insurance and an epidemiological surveillance system for incident mesothelioma cases. Methods We set up an individual linkage between the Italian national mesothelioma register (ReNaM) and the Italian workers compensation authority (INAIL) archives. Logistic regression models were used to identify and test explanatory variables. Results We extracted 3270 mesothelioma cases with occupational origins from the ReNaM, matching them with 1625 subjects in INAIL (49.7%); 91.2% (1,482) of the claims received compensation. The risk of not seeking compensation is significantly higher for women and the elderly. Claims have increased significantly in recent years and there is a clear geographical gradient (northern and more developed regions having higher claims rates). The highest rates of compensation claims were after work known to involve asbestos. Conclusions Our data illustrate the importance of documentation and dissemination of all asbestos exposure modalities. Strategies focused on structural and systematic interaction between epidemiological surveillance and insurance systems are needed.

2012-01-01

38

28 CFR 79.3 - Compensable claim categories under the Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...claims. For persons who contracted lung cancer or certain nonmalignant respiratory...claims. For persons who contracted lung cancer, certain nonmalignant respiratory diseases, renal cancer, or chronic renal disease...

2013-07-01

39

76 FR 54002 - Agency Information Collection (Fully Developed Claims) (Applications for Compensation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Compensation; Applications for Pension; Applications for DIC, Death Pension, and/or Accrued Benefits): Activity Under OMB Review...Compensation; Applications for Pension; Applications for DIC, Death Pension, and/or Accrued Benefits, VA Forms...

2011-08-30

40

The gap between recognition and the 'compensation business' : the claim against Britain for compensation by Kenya's former Mau Mau fighters  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the first Kibaki administration (2002-2007), a movement by the former Mau Mau fighters demanded recognition for the role that they had played in the achievement of independence. They began to demand, also, monetary compensation for past injustices. Why had it taken over 40 years (from independence in 1963) for the former Mau Mau fighters to initiate this movement? What

Miwa Tsuda

2012-01-01

41

77 FR 64389 - Proposed Information Collection (Fully Developed Claims) (Applications for Compensation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Compensation; Applications for Pension; Applications for DIC, Death Pension, and/or Accrued Benefits) Activity: Comment Request...for Pension, VA Form 21-527EZ; and Applications for DIC, Death Pension, and/or Accrued Benefits, VA Form 21-534EZ....

2012-10-19

42

78 FR 6181 - Agency Information Collection (Fully Developed Claims) (Applications for Compensation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Compensation; Applications for Pension; Applications for DIC, Death Pension, and/or Accrued Benefits): Activity Under OMB Review...for Pension, VA Form 21-527EZ; and Applications for DIC, Death Pension, and/or Accrued Benefits, VA Form 21-534EZ....

2013-01-29

43

20 CFR 702.604 - Determining the amount of compensation for occupational disease claims which become manifest...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Determining the amount of compensation for occupational...Section 702.604 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT...injury occurs after the employee has retired, compensation shall be 662/3...

2013-04-01

44

20 CFR 30.812 - May a covered Part E employee claim for subsequent periods of compensable wage-loss?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...subsequent periods of compensable wage-loss? 30.812 Section 30.812 Employees...COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION...PROGRAM ACT OF 2000, AS AMENDED Wage-Loss Determinations Under Part E of...

2013-04-01

45

20 CFR 30.812 - May a covered Part E employee claim for subsequent periods of compensable wage-loss?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...subsequent periods of compensable wage-loss? 30.812 Section 30.812 Employees...COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION...PROGRAM ACT OF 2000, AS AMENDED Wage-Loss Determinations Under Part E of...

2010-04-01

46

45 CFR 303.108 - Quarterly wage and unemployment compensation claims reporting to the National Directory of New...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...to the National Directory of New Hires. (a) What definitions...to the National Directory of New Hires? The State shall disclose...to the National Directory of New Hires, wage and claim information...claims data? The State shall report wage information for the...

2011-10-01

47

10 years of controversy, twists and turns in the Perruche wrongful life claim: compensation for children born with a disability in France.  

PubMed

Since March 1st, 2010, French citizens have been able to call on a new legal procedure for defending their rights: the priority preliminary ruling on issues of constitutionality (question prioritaire de constitutionnalit, QPC). If, during a trial, a citizen considers that a provision of the applicable law is inconsistent with the Constitution of the French Republic, he/she may request that the matter be referred to the Constitutional Council. One ofthe first QPCs concerned legislation related to the Perruche jurisprudence. In a ruling on November 17th, 2000, the French Supreme Court of Appeal had granted the child Nicolas Perruche the right to financial compensation for the material costs related to his physical disability (caused by congenital rubella). In response, Article 1 of the Patients' Rights and Quality of Care Act (passed on March 4th, 2002) prohibited the award of compensation to a child "just because he/she has been born [with a disability]", i.e. in "wrongful life" claims. Since the enactment of the Act, compensation in a case like Perruche may only be awarded to cover the parents' psychological suffering, rather than the child's status at birth. The application of this "anti-wrongful life claim" legislation has since been subject of heated debate. In a QPC ruling on June 11th, 2010, the Constitutional Council found that Article 1 of the Patients' Rights and Quality of Care Act was (with the exception of its transitional provisions) indeed consistent with the Constitution of the French Republic. PMID:23447909

Manaouil, C; Gignon, M; Jard, O

2012-12-01

48

Rugby league injuries in New Zealand: a review of 8 years of Accident Compensation Corporation injury entitlement claims and costs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim:This paper provides an overview of the epidemiology of rugby league injuries and associated costs in New Zealand requiring medical treatment.Method:New Zealand national Accident Compensation Corporation injury data for the period 1999 to 2007 were searched for rugby league injury cases. Data were analysed by demographics, body region, nature\\/severity of injury, and medical procedure and costs.Results:A total of 5941 injury

D A King; P A Hume; P Milburn; S Gianotti

2009-01-01

49

20 CFR 10.401 - When and how is compensation for total disability paid?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Compensation and Related Benefits Compensation...

2013-04-01

50

20 CFR 10.403 - When and how is compensation for partial disability paid?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Compensation and Related Benefits Compensation...

2013-04-01

51

Radiation Exposure Compensation Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the Justice Department's Radiation Exposure Compensation Program homepage. This site features information about the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act, including claimant categories, claim forms, and the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act. This site also provides a table illustrating a summary of all claims received and compensation paid to date.

Program, U. S.

52

20 CFR 10.417 - What reports are needed when compensation payments continue for children over age 18?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Compensation and Related Benefits Compensation...

2013-04-01

53

20 CFR 10.406 - What are the maximum and minimum rates of compensation in disability cases?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Compensation and Related Benefits Compensation...

2013-04-01

54

33 CFR 136.211 - Compensation allowable.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND COMPENSATION OIL SPILL LIABILITY TRUST FUND; CLAIMS PROCEDURES; DESIGNATION OF SOURCE; AND ADVERTISEMENT Procedures for Particular Claims § 136.211 Compensation allowable. (a) The amount of compensation...

2013-07-01

55

33 CFR 136.229 - Compensation allowable.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND COMPENSATION OIL SPILL LIABILITY TRUST FUND; CLAIMS PROCEDURES; DESIGNATION OF SOURCE; AND ADVERTISEMENT Procedures for Particular Claims § 136.229 Compensation allowable. The amount of compensation allowable is...

2013-07-01

56

20 CFR 10.416 - How does a change in the number of beneficiaries affect the amount of compensation paid to the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Compensation and Related Benefits Compensation...

2013-04-01

57

76 FR 35086 - Proposed Information Collection (Fully Developed Claim (Fully Developed Claims-Applications for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Developed Claims--Applications for Compensation, Pension, DIC, Death Pension, and/or Accrued Benefits)) Activity: Comment Request...Developed Claims--Applications for Compensation, Pension, DIC, Death Pension, and/or Accrued Benefits, VA Forms...

2011-06-15

58

Reduction of pulsed voltage for generating atmospheric microdischarges by using a small-current DC pre-discharge  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The reduction of pulsed voltage for generating atmospheric microdischarges with miniature helium gas flow was established by using a small-current DC pre-discharge. An electrode system was consisted of three electrodes: a nozzle one, a plate one with a hole of 0.6-mm in diameter, and a plain plate one. The DC glow pre-discharge, which was generated between the nozzle and plate with the hole electrodes, created electrons and radicals, which were provided on the helium gas flow to the gap between the plain plate and plate with the hole electrodes. These particles contributed to reduce the pulsed dielectric breakdown voltage, which was affected by the helium gas flow rate, the DC discharge current, and electrode polarities. The mode of pulsed microdischarges depended on the polarity of pulsed voltage significantly. Pulsed arc and glow microdischarges were obtained according to the positive and negative pulsed voltages, respectively. In addition to the glow pre-discharge, we discussed a corona pre-discharge, which was obtained by enlarging the hole-diameter to 1.2 mm. The consumed power of the corona pre-discharge was lower than that of the glow one.

Kikuchi, Jun; Muto, Takaaki; Ibuka, Shinji; Ishii, Shozo; Yasuoka, Koichi

2011-11-01

59

Feasibility and results of a randomised pilot-study of pre-discharge occupational therapy home visits  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Pre-discharge home visits aim to maximise independence in the community. These visits involve assessment of a person in their own home prior to discharge from hospital, typically by an occupational therapist. The therapist may provide equipment, adapt the home environment and\\/or provide education. The aims of this study were to investigate the feasibility of a randomised controlled trial in

Natasha Anne Lannin; Lindy Clemson; Annie McCluskey; Chung-Wei Christine Lin; Ian D Cameron; Sarah Barras

2007-01-01

60

78 FR 64536 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Claim for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Claims Expense Under the War Hazards Compensation Act ACTION...and Claims Expense under the War Hazards Compensation Act...Budget, Room 10235, 725 17th Street NW., Washington, DC 20503...responsible for administering the War Hazards Compensation Act...

2013-10-29

61

20 CFR 30.101 - In general, how is a survivor's claim filed?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000, AS AMENDED Filing Claims; Evidence and Burden of Proof; Special Procedures for Certain Cancer Claims Filing Claims for Benefits Under Eeoicpa § 30.101 In general, how is a survivor's claim filed?...

2013-04-01

62

Medical Malpractice Closed Claim Study-1976.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The closed claim study is based on 4,126 medical malpractice claims closed between July 1, 1976 and October 31, 1976. The general purposes of this study are to undertake an analysis of the frequency and types of claims and compensation for economic losses...

1978-01-01

63

20 CFR 30.320 - Can a claim be reopened after the FAB has issued a final decision?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000 CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000, AS AMENDED Adjudicatory Process Reopening Claims §...

2013-04-01

64

20 CFR 10.422 - May compensation payments be issued in a lump sum?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Compensation and Related Benefits Adjustments to...

2013-04-01

65

20 CFR 10.423 - May compensation payments be assigned to, or attached by, creditors?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Compensation and Related Benefits Adjustments to...

2013-04-01

66

20 CFR 10.7 - What forms are needed to process claims under the FECA?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CA-5 Claim for Compensation by Widow, Widower and/or Children. (6) CA-5b Claim for Compensation by Parents, Brothers...e., safety and health offices, supervisors), and the Internet, at http://www.dol.gov. Information in...

2013-04-01

67

20 CFR 30.100 - In general, how does an employee file an initial claim for benefits?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000, AS AMENDED Filing Claims; Evidence and Burden of Proof; Special Procedures for Certain Cancer Claims Filing Claims for Benefits Under Eeoicpa § 30.100 In general, how does an employee file an initial claim...

2013-04-01

68

38 CFR 3.208 - Claims based on attained age.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Claims based on attained age. 3.208...and Indemnity Compensation Evidence Requirements § 3.208 Claims based on attained age. ...subject to the submission of evidence as outlined in §...

2013-07-01

69

38 CFR 3.152 - Claims for death benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Claims for death benefits. 3.152 Section 3.152...Compensation Claims § 3.152 Claims for death benefits. (a) A specific claim...3.153) must be filed in order for death benefits to be paid to any...

2013-07-01

70

33 CFR 136.107 - Subrogated claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Section 136.107 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE POLLUTION FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND COMPENSATION OIL SPILL LIABILITY TRUST FUND; CLAIMS PROCEDURES; DESIGNATION OF...

2013-07-01

71

20 CFR 10.424 - May someone other than the beneficiary be designated to receive compensation payments?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Compensation and Related Benefits Adjustments to...

2013-04-01

72

20 CFR 10.727 - What is the pay rate of jurors for compensation purposes?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Special Provisions Federal Grand and Petit Jurors...

2013-04-01

73

20 CFR 10.540 - When and how is compensation reduced or terminated?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Continuing...reduces or terminates compensation upon an employee's return to...

2013-04-01

74

20 CFR 30.506 - To whom and in what manner will OWCP pay compensation?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000 CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000, AS AMENDED...

2013-04-01

75

20 CFR 30.305 - How does OWCP determine entitlement to EEOICPA compensation?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000 CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000, AS AMENDED...

2013-04-01

76

20 CFR 10.726 - When does a juror's entitlement to disability compensation begin?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Special Provisions Federal Grand and Petit Jurors...

2013-04-01

77

20 CFR 10.503 - Under what circumstances may OWCP reduce or terminate compensation benefits?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Continuing Benefits Rules and Evidence §...

2013-04-01

78

20 CFR 30.505 - What procedures will OWCP follow before it pays any compensation?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000 CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000, AS AMENDED...

2013-04-01

79

20 CFR 30.102 - In general, how does an employee file a claim for additional impairment or wage-loss under Part E...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000, AS AMENDED Filing Claims; Evidence and Burden of Proof; Special Procedures for Certain Cancer Claims Filing Claims for Benefits Under Eeoicpa § 30.102 In general, how does an employee file a claim for...

2013-04-01

80

20 CFR 10.912 - What is required to establish a claim for the death gratuity payment?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...required to establish a claim for the death gratuity payment? 10.912 Section...EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Death Gratuity § 10.912 What is required to establish a claim for the death gratuity payment? Claim...

2013-04-01

81

20 CFR 10.537 - What reports are needed when compensation payments continue for children over age 18?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Continuing...year, OWCP will ask an employee who receives compensation based on the...

2013-04-01

82

20 CFR 10.501 - What medical evidence is necessary to support continuing receipt of compensation benefits?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Continuing...payment of continuing compensation where an employee has been found...

2013-04-01

83

20 CFR 10.731 - What is the pay rate of Peace Corps volunteers and volunteer leaders for compensation purposes?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Special Provisions Peace Corps Volunteers §...

2013-04-01

84

20 CFR 10.502 - How does OWCP evaluate evidence in support of continuing receipt of compensation benefits?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Continuing Benefits Rules and Evidence §...

2013-04-01

85

20 CFR 10.500 - What are the basic rules governing continuing receipt of compensation benefits and return to work?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Continuing Benefits Rules and Evidence §...

2013-04-01

86

20 CFR 10.520 - How does OWCP determine compensation after an employee completes a vocational rehabilitation...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...How does OWCP determine compensation after an employee completes a vocational...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED...

2009-04-01

87

20 CFR 30.626 - How will OWCP coordinate compensation payable under Part E of EEOICPA with benefits from state...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000 CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000, AS AMENDED Special...

2013-04-01

88

20 CFR 10.520 - How does OWCP determine compensation after an employee completes a vocational rehabilitation...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...How does OWCP determine compensation after an employee completes a vocational...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED...

2013-04-01

89

20 CFR 10.520 - How does OWCP determine compensation after an employee completes a vocational rehabilitation...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...How does OWCP determine compensation after an employee completes a vocational...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED...

2010-04-01

90

20 CFR 30.605 - What rights does the United States have upon payment of compensation under EEOICPA?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000 CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000, AS AMENDED Special...

2013-04-01

91

20 CFR 10.333 - What additional medical information will OWCP require to support a claim for a schedule award?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Medical and Related...measurements of the function of the organ or member, in accordance with...

2013-04-01

92

20 CFR 30.16 - What penalties may be imposed in connection with a claim under the Act?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000 CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000, AS AMENDED General Provisions Rights and Penalties §...

2013-04-01

93

20 CFR 30.10 - Are all OWCP records relating to claims filed under EEOICPA considered confidential?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000 CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000, AS AMENDED General Provisions Information in Program Records...

2013-04-01

94

20 CFR 30.303 - What information may OWCP request in connection with a claim under Part E of EEOICPA?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000 CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000, AS AMENDED Adjudicatory Process § 30.303 What...

2013-04-01

95

Workers' compensation law: an overview.  

PubMed

1. The workers' compensation system provides benefits to workers who are injured or made ill in the course of employment or their dependents regardless of fault. 2. The current workers' compensation laws benefit both the employer and the employee; however, workers' compensation is an exclusive remedy which bars recovery through a negligence lawsuit. 3. Workers' compensation regulations interact with other federal statutes such as the Americans With Disabilities Act and the Family Medical Leave Act. 4. Workers' compensation covers occupational injuries and occupational diseases, which may include cumulative trauma and mental stress claims. Nurses may be instrumental in evaluating and planning for an injured employee's return to work and occasionally in detecting fraudulent claims. PMID:7945592

Yorker, B

1994-09-01

96

Nutrient Content Claims  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Final Rule: Food Labeling; Nutrient Content Claims, Expanded Use of the Nutrient Content Claim, "Lean" January 12, 2007. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/ingredientspackaginglabeling/labelingnutrition

97

38 CFR 3.159 - Department of Veterans Affairs assistance in developing claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation...Claims § 3.159 Department of Veterans Affairs assistance in developing claims...Definitions. For purposes of this section, the following definitions...

2013-07-01

98

20 CFR 10.115 - What evidence is needed to establish a claim?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...occurred; (d) The injury, disease or death occurred while...of duty; and (e) The medical condition for which compensation or medical benefits is claimed is causally...to the claimed injury, disease or death. Neither the...

2013-04-01

99

Advertising Claim Styles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared the effectiveness of nondata implied superiority claims to data, implied superiority claims for a low-involvement consumer package good. Two experiments, con- ducted in a naturalistic environment, measured consumer response at five points along an advertisingJproduct evaluation hierarchy. No differences were found between claim types. The findings further suggest that consumers are not misled by implied superiority claims.

Charles H. Patti

1995-01-01

100

Processing exaggerated advertising claims  

Microsoft Academic Search

Government policymakers allow advertisers to use wildly exaggerated, fanciful or vague claims for a product or service because they believe that nobody could possibly treat the claims seriously or be misled by them. The results demonstrate that although consumers are able to identify exaggerated claims as less credible than factual claims, their brand evaluations are inflated after exposure to exaggerated

Elizabeth Cowley

2006-01-01

101

33 CFR 136.101 - Time limitations on claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Section 136.101 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE POLLUTION FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND COMPENSATION OIL SPILL LIABILITY TRUST FUND; CLAIMS PROCEDURES; DESIGNATION OF...

2013-07-01

102

33 CFR 136.9 - Falsification of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Section 136.9 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE POLLUTION FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND COMPENSATION OIL SPILL LIABILITY TRUST FUND; CLAIMS PROCEDURES; DESIGNATION OF...

2013-07-01

103

33 CFR 136.105 - General requirements for a claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Section 136.105 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE POLLUTION FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND COMPENSATION OIL SPILL LIABILITY TRUST FUND; CLAIMS PROCEDURES; DESIGNATION OF...

2013-07-01

104

33 CFR 136.105 - General requirements for a claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Section 136.105 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE POLLUTION FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND COMPENSATION OIL SPILL LIABILITY TRUST FUND; CLAIMS PROCEDURES; DESIGNATION OF...

2009-07-01

105

33 CFR 136.9 - Falsification of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Section 136.9 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE POLLUTION FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND COMPENSATION OIL SPILL LIABILITY TRUST FUND; CLAIMS PROCEDURES; DESIGNATION OF...

2009-07-01

106

Worker's Compensation for Musicians.  

PubMed

Kudos to Ruth L. Chimenti et al. and MPPA editor Ralph Manchester for their excellent and complementary contributions to the literature regarding performing arts and worker's compensation (WC). Chimenti et al. addressed the issue of why WC is underutilized by professional orchestral musicians. They conducted a survey whose n = 261, with 243 musicians reporting injuries. The survey posits 7 possible reasons for not filing WC claims, plus the option of providing an "other" response. The authors did a good job choosing possible reasons, since all 7 received significant responses. I would offer one "other" reason WC claims are not filed. Such claims are often denied and often taken to court. [Reply is attached.]. PMID:24013289

Lubet, Alex; Chimenti, Ruth L

2013-09-01

107

33 CFR 136.205 - Compensation allowable.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Section 136.205 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE POLLUTION FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND COMPENSATION OIL SPILL LIABILITY TRUST FUND; CLAIMS PROCEDURES; DESIGNATION OF...

2013-07-01

108

33 CFR 136.113 - Other compensation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Section 136.113 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE POLLUTION FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND COMPENSATION OIL SPILL LIABILITY TRUST FUND; CLAIMS PROCEDURES; DESIGNATION OF...

2013-07-01

109

33 CFR 136.235 - Compensation allowable.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Section 136.235 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE POLLUTION FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND COMPENSATION OIL SPILL LIABILITY TRUST FUND; CLAIMS PROCEDURES; DESIGNATION OF...

2013-07-01

110

33 CFR 136.241 - Compensation allowable.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Section 136.241 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE POLLUTION FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND COMPENSATION OIL SPILL LIABILITY TRUST FUND; CLAIMS PROCEDURES; DESIGNATION OF...

2013-07-01

111

33 CFR 136.223 - Compensation allowable.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Section 136.223 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE POLLUTION FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND COMPENSATION OIL SPILL LIABILITY TRUST FUND; CLAIMS PROCEDURES; DESIGNATION OF...

2013-07-01

112

20 CFR 10.509 - If an employee's light-duty job is eliminated due to downsizing, what is the effect on compensation?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Continuing Benefits Return to Work-Employer's...

2010-04-01

113

20 CFR 10.509 - If an employee's light-duty job is eliminated due to downsizing, what is the effect on compensation?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Continuing Benefits Return to Work-Employer's...

2009-04-01

114

20 CFR 10.509 - If an employee's light duty job is eliminated due to downsizing, what is the effect on compensation?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Continuing Benefits Return to Work-Employer's...

2013-04-01

115

20 CFR 30.12 - What process is used by a person who wants to obtain copies of or amend EEOICPA claim records?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000 CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000, AS AMENDED General Provisions Information in Program Records...

2013-04-01

116

20 CFR 30.317 - Can the FAB request a further response from the claimant or return a claim to the district office?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000 CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000, AS AMENDED Adjudicatory Process Hearings and Final...

2013-04-01

117

Relevance of radiation compensation litigation to compensation for toxic exposures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several recent court decisions add to the growing body of law concerning the responsibility of Government in radiation matters and the quantum of proof needed to show causation between radiation exposures and certain types of cancer and leukemia. The courts have also been addressing a wide range of compensation claims for exposures to toxic chemicals with demonstration of causation being

Glenn E. Schweitzer

1987-01-01

118

Occupational lead poisoning in Ohio: surveillance using worker's compensation data  

Microsoft Academic Search

To determine the utility of workers' compensation (WC) data in a system for the surveillance of occupational lead poisoning, we reviewed workers' compensation claims for lead poisoning in Ohio. For the period 1979 through 1983, 92(81 per cent) of the 114 claims attributed to lead met our case definition of lead poisoning. The likelihood that a company had a case

P. J. Seligman; W. E. Halperin; R. J. Mullan; T. M. Frazier

1986-01-01

119

Outcome determinants for isocyanate induced occupational asthma among compensation claimants  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To compare the outcome of occupational asthma (OA) induced by isocyanates in Ontario (where a surveillance programme for exposed workers has been in place for over 15 years), with the outcome of OA induced by other work agents. METHODS: Compensated OA claims during the period 1984-88 in Ontario were retrospectively reviewed in a standardised way. RESULTS: 136\\/235 compensated claims

S M Tarlo; D Banks; G Liss; I Broder

1997-01-01

120

Evaluating a Surprising Claim  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A television advertisement and a website1 present an interesting question: can rail company CSX really move a ton of freight 468 miles on a gallon of fuel, or is the claim preposterous? Let us examine the claim, first by understanding what is meant, looking at their data, and then converting units to examine the claim quantitatively.

Hayden, Howard C.

2013-11-01

121

Medico-legal interaction in disability and fatal claims.  

PubMed

This article relates primarily to the causes of disability or death in the context of claims for damages, workers' compensation, motor vehicle insurance benefits, disability insurance, claims under some other types of insurance, military pensions for disabilities and deaths resulting from military service, compensation for the victims of crime, and claims under some other social insurance or social security systems. The focus is on expert evidence in such cases, the demand for "scientific proof", and related problems. The article is particularly relevant to disabilities or deaths that were caused by some event or exposure that occurred decades earlier. PMID:20552945

Ison, Terence G

2010-05-01

122

Varying the Pre-discharge Lithium Wall Coatings to Alter the Characteristics of the ELM-free H-mode Pedestal in NSTX  

SciTech Connect

A previous experiment in the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) showed pre-discharge lithium deposition gradually suppresed edge-localized modes (ELMs) and had nearly continuous relationships with reduced recycling and transport. In this paper, additional data filled gaps in the earlier experiment, and demonstrates that recycling, confinement, and pedestal structure continued to improve with additional lithium, even after ELMs were completely suppressed. New analysis shows that toroidal rotation and ion temperature also increased continuously with additional lithium. Besides its evolution with additional lithium, we also characterize the time evolution of the ELM-free H-mode pedestal as average density rose and impurities accumulated. We find that the pedestal structure, divertor heat flux and Dalpha profiles, and inferred recycling coefficient did not change significantly, at least until radiative losses become dominant. This suggests that the low-recycling properties of lithium were not significantly degraded over the duration of the discharge.

D.P. Boyle, J.M. Canik, R. Maing, P.B. Snyder, T.H. Osborne, and the NSTX Team

2012-06-28

123

28 CFR Appendix C to Part 79 - Radiation Exposure Compensation Act Offset Worksheet-On Site Participants  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Radiation Exposure Compensation Act Offset...CONTINUED) CLAIMS UNDER THE RADIATION EXPOSURE COMPENSATION ACT Pt. 79, App. C Appendix C to Part 79Radiation Exposure Compensation Act...

2013-07-01

124

Workers' compensation for psychological injury: demographic and work-related correlates.  

PubMed

This study aimed to determine the demographic and work-related factors that contributed to the filing of a workers' compensation claim for psychological injury. Four groups of employees were compared: those who filed a workers' compensation claim, those who sought psychological treatment for occupational stress but did not file a workers' compensation claim, those who experienced elevated stress levels but did not seek help or lodge a claim, and those who experienced stressful events at work but did not develop symptomatology. The results indicated few variables that could adequately explain why some stressed employees opted for a workers' compensation claim. The implications of these results are discussed. PMID:16373980

Haines, Janet; Williams, Christopher L; Carson, Jacqueline

2006-01-01

125

20 CFR 30.105 - What must DOE do after an employee or survivor files a claim?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000, AS AMENDED Filing Claims; Evidence and Burden of Proof; Special Procedures for Certain Cancer Claims Verification of Alleged Employment § 30.105 What must DOE do after an employee or survivor files a...

2013-04-01

126

Back from the Brink--Controlling Worker's Compensation Costs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Worker's Compensation premiums at a New Jersey school district had risen 131% in only three years, and the insurance carrier informed the district that coverage would be dropped. A plan to reduce worker's compensation costs evolved on three fronts--administrative direction, rules concerning compensation claims, and safety issues. (MLF)|

Saylor, Joan Nesenkar

1995-01-01

127

The Pros and Cons of Performance-Based Compensation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper analyzes the current and historical criticism of performance-based compensation in K-12 education. It claims that new compensation methods are feasible and are necessary in order to attract and retain the best and the brightest into the teaching profession. The document outlines the objections to performance-based compensation, which

Solmon, Lewis C.; Podgursky, Michael

128

20 CFR 10.15 - May compensation rights be waived?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED General Provisions Rights and Penalties § 10.15 May compensation rights be waived? No employer...enter into any agreement, either before or after an injury or death, to waive his or her right to claim compensation under the...

2013-04-01

129

20 CFR 30.2 - In general, how have the tasks associated with the administration of EEOICPA claims process been...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION...THE ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION...services related to occupational illnesses under Part...certain radiogenic cancer claims (see § 30...added to the Special Exposure Cohort under...

2013-04-01

130

Malpractice claims for endoscopy  

PubMed Central

AIM: To summarize the magnitude and time trends of endoscopy-related claims and to compare total malpractice indemnity according to specialty and procedure. METHODS: We obtained data from a comprehensive database of closed claims from a trade association of professional liability insurance carriers, representing over 60% of practicing United States physicians. Total payments by procedure and year were calculated, and were adjusted for inflation (using the Consumer Price Index) to 2008 dollars. Time series analysis was performed to assess changes in the total value of claims for each type of procedure over time. RESULTS: There were 1901 endoscopy-related closed claims against all providers from 1985 to 2008. The specialties include: internal medicine (n = 766), gastroenterology (n = 562), general surgery (n = 231), general and family practice (n = 101), colorectal surgery (n = 87), other specialties (n = 132), and unknown (n = 22). Colonoscopy represented the highest frequencies of closed claims (n = 788) and the highest total indemnities ($54 093 000). In terms of mean claims payment, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) ranked the highest ($374??794) per claim. Internists had the highest number of total claims (n = 766) and total claim payment ($70??730??101). Only total claim payments for colonoscopy and ERCP seem to have increased over time. Indeed, there was an average increase of 15.5% per year for colonoscopy and 21.9% per year for ERCP after adjusting for inflation. CONCLUSION: There appear to be differences in malpractice coverage costs among specialties and the type of endoscopic procedure. There is also evidence for secular trend in total claim payments, with colonoscopy and ERCP costs rising yearly even after adjusting for inflation.

Hernandez, Lyndon V; Klyve, Dominic; Regenbogen, Scott E

2013-01-01

131

Paternity fraud and compensation for misattributed paternity  

PubMed Central

Claims for reimbursement of child support, the reversal of property settlements and compensation can arise when misattributed paternity is discovered. The ethical justifications for such claims seem to be related to the financial cost of bringing up children, the absence of choice about taking on these expenses, the hard work involved in child rearing, the emotional attachments that are formed with children, the obligation of women to make truthful claims about paternity, and the deception involved in infidelity. In this paper it is argued that there should not be compensation for infidelity and that reimbursement is appropriate where the claimant has made child support payments but has not taken on the social role of father. Where the claimant's behaviour suggests a social view of fatherhood, on the other hand, claims for compensation are less coherent. Where the genetic model of fatherhood dominates, the other man (the woman's lover and progenitor of the children) might also have a claim for the loss of the benefits of fatherhood. It is concluded that claims for reimbursement and compensation in cases of misattributed paternity produce the same distorted and thin view of what it means to be a father that paternity testing assumes, and underscores a trend that is not in the interests of children.

Draper, Heather

2007-01-01

132

Bogus Weight Loss Claims  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Real World Learning Objects Library presents a project that incorporates the real-life experience of false advertising in weight loss miracles and the science behind such claims. Under the guise of helping the FDA police such bogus claims of "quick fix" weight loss pills or secrets, students have the opportunity to apply biology and other earth sciences to consider a claim and disprove it. The activity includes detailed instructions, learning objects, assessment guides, and a list of further resources for more information. The activity is ideal for teachers seeking to develop in class or take home assignments and activities, or for students designing their own projects.

Battles, Carol

2009-11-19

133

76 FR 18259 - Announcement Regarding Delaware Triggering on Tier Four of Emergency Unemployment Compensation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Triggering ``on'' Tier Four of Emergency Unemployment Compensation 2008 (EUC08) AGENCY...triggering ``on'' Tier Four of Emergency Unemployment Compensation 2008 (EUC08). Public...unemployed workers claiming benefits in high unemployment states. The Department of Labor...

2011-04-01

134

45 CFR 506.17 - Rate of and basis for award of compensation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... (a) Compensation allowed a prisoner of war during the Vietnam conflict under section 6(f)(2) of the War Claims... (b) Compensation allowed a prisoner of war during the Vietnam conflict under section 6(f)(3) of the Act,...

2011-10-01

135

45 CFR 506.17 - Rate of and basis for award of compensation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... (a) Compensation allowed a prisoner of war during the Vietnam conflict under section 6(f)(2) of the War Claims... (b) Compensation allowed a prisoner of war during the Vietnam conflict under section 6(f)(3) of the Act,...

2012-10-01

136

Occupational risks sufficient to support award of claim.  

PubMed

Gary Redford, a hematology technician who became infected with HIV, recovered workers' compensation benefits through an occupational disease theory claim. The technician punctured his palm on a blood analysis machine at SmithKline Beecham's blood lab and did not report the incident to his supervisor. After developing flu-like symptoms he underwent two separate blood tests, and both indicated that he was HIV-positive. Because the technician had not reported the original incident, he staged a needle puncture. He later confessed the entire incident to his employer and filed for worker's compensation benefits. A claims judge doubted the technician's credibility and could not support that his claim was based on a specific work-related incident. However, the judge agreed that the technician met the requirements of an occupational disease claim since the nature of his work increased the incidence of HIV. PMID:11362765

1995-09-01

137

Guidelines for Investigating Malpractice Claims - A Claims Officer's Perspective.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A brief guideline for the new Claims Officer on how to investigate medical malpractice claims. From the vantage point of a former base Claims Officer, it provides a practical description of the investigation process, including tips on interviewing physici...

B. C. Vassey

1984-01-01

138

Product Claim Ad (Correct)  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Product claim ads may provide sources of ... the basic concepts related to drug advertising. ... consumers about DTC prescription drug advertisements. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/resourcesforyou/consumers

139

Hierarchical Insurance Claims Modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work describes statistical modeling of detailed, micro-level automobile in- surance records. We consider 1993-2001 data from a major insurance company in Singapore. By detailed micro-level records, we refer to experience at the individual ve- hicle level, including vehicle and driver characteristics, insurance coverage and claims experience, by year. The claims experience consists of detailed information on the type of

Edward W. Frees; Emiliano A. Valdez

2007-01-01

140

Compensation conundrum.  

PubMed

Pressured by questions tabled in parliament that point to a lack of adequate enforcement of regulations, the DCG(I) has abruptly initiated action to ensure payment of compensation for trial-related injuries. While it is astounding that non-compliance to the existing regulations could have gone unnoticed by quality assurance staff as well as by the ethics committees and the regulator, for over six years, sudden enforcement of the regulation has thrown up issues and challenges that are difficult to resolve in the absence of an adequately debated and thought-through guidance. In implementing regulations for suo moto compensation, India is seeking to establish a practice not previously tested elsewhere in the world. There is no doubt that industry must support the idea of putting patients first, but procedural considerations in fixing causality and determining the quantum of compensation promise to raise questions of morality, ethics, and jurisprudence that will not be easy to answer. PMID:22347695

Mukherjee, Shoibal

2012-01-01

141

Compensation conundrum  

PubMed Central

Pressured by questions tabled in parliament that point to a lack of adequate enforcement of regulations, the DCG(I) has abruptly initiated action to ensure payment of compensation for trial-related injuries. While it is astounding that non-compliance to the existing regulations could have gone unnoticed by quality assurance staff as well as by the ethics committees and the regulator, for over six years, sudden enforcement of the regulation has thrown up issues and challenges that are difficult to resolve in the absence of an adequately debated and thought-through guidance. In implementing regulations for suo moto compensation, India is seeking to establish a practice not previously tested elsewhere in the world. There is no doubt that industry must support the idea of putting patients first, but procedural considerations in fixing causality and determining the quantum of compensation promise to raise questions of morality, ethics, and jurisprudence that will not be easy to answer.

Mukherjee, Shoibal

2012-01-01

142

25 CFR for - Related Claims  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Related Claims for Procedure for Filing Medical Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS...Claims Act Coverage General Provisions Medical-Related Claims § 900.200 May...this subpart. Procedure for Filing Medical-Related...

2011-04-01

143

Compensation of \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comments on G. C. Davison and R. B. Stuarts speculation that some institutional directors may replace patient workers with workers from the outside because of the Wyatt v. Stickney case outlawing institutional peonage. Right to treatment standards set by this case required that patient workers be compensated according to the minimum wage provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act.

Gottlieb C. Simon

1976-01-01

144

Compensation Inequality.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper uses Employment Cost Index (ECI) micro data to investigate inequality in compensation rates. The results help fill a gap in our knowledge on this issue, in that currently available data are not as comprehensive as those in the ECI. For example,...

B. Pierce

1999-01-01

145

Employee Compensation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of selected literature about employee compensation. Highlights include the foundations of reward and recognition systems, incentive plans, problems with merit pay, a historical perspective on performance pay, evaluation criteria and processes, self-rating, job motivation and satisfaction, employee attitudes, collective

Osif, Bonnie A.; Harwood, Richard L.

1995-01-01

146

Employee Compensation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents an overview of selected literature about employee compensation. Highlights include the foundations of reward and recognition systems, incentive plans, problems with merit pay, a historical perspective on performance pay, evaluation criteria and processes, self-rating, job motivation and satisfaction, employee attitudes, collective

Osif, Bonnie A.; Harwood, Richard L.

1995-01-01

147

Spatial modelling of claim frequency and claim size in insurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper models for claim frequency and claim size in non-life insurance are con- sidered. Both covariates and spatial random effects are included allowing the modelling of a spatial dependency pattern. We assume a Poisson model for the number of claims, while claim size is modelled using a Gamma distribution. However, in contrast to the usual com- pound Poisson

Claudia Czado

148

20 CFR 71.7 - Claim filing, processing, adjudication and time limits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR COMPENSATION FOR INJURY, DISABILITY OR DEATH OF CIVILIAN AMERICAN CITIZENS INCURRED WHILE DETAINED BY OR IN HIDING FROM THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE GOVERNMENT GENERAL PROVISIONS § 71.7 Claim filing, processing,...

2013-04-01

149

45 CFR 502.1 - Organization and authority-Foreign Claims Settlement Commission.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...United States nationals against foreign governments for compensation...agreements or through liquidation of foreign assets in the United States...internal management of the affairs of the Commission, including...the Administrative Officer, Foreign Claims Settlement...

2012-10-01

150

45 CFR 502.1 - Organization and authority-Foreign Claims Settlement Commission.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...United States nationals against foreign governments for compensation...agreements or through liquidation of foreign assets in the United States...internal management of the affairs of the Commission, including...the Administrative Officer, Foreign Claims Settlement...

2011-10-01

151

Small Claims Court.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These classroom materials are part of the Project Benchmark series designed to teach secondary students about our legal concepts and systems. This unit focuses on the procedures and cases of the small claims court. The materials outline the kinds of cases, procedures of the plaintiff and defendent, trial procedures, rights of appeal, writ of

Eaneman, Paulette S.

152

9 CFR 50.14 - Claims not allowed.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DISEASES ANIMALS DESTROYED BECAUSE OF TUBERCULOSIS General Indemnity § 50.14 Claims...compensation for livestock destroyed because of tuberculosis will not be allowed in any of the following...claimant's herd have not been tested for tuberculosis under APHIS or State...

2013-01-01

153

The Compensation Act 2006 and School Trips  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Compensation Act 2006 received its Royal Assent on 25 July 2006. The Act allows the courts to have regard to the social utility of "desirable activities", including school trips, in considering negligence claims. The article reviews the law of negligence as it affects teachers of the very young and considers the possible impact of the

Hunter-Jones, John

2006-01-01

154

Environmental rejuvenation of the Gulf by compensation and restoration  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Gulf is considered to be a young sea in decline, with poor prognosis for continuing production of abundant natural resources. We compare and contrast monetary and environmental compensation as mechanisms for addressing ecosystem damage in the Gulf. The 1992 International Oil Pollution Compensation Conventions settle claims financially, but only for certain categories of oil spills. For example, aside from

A. R. G. Price; M. C. Donlan; C. R. C. Sheppard; M. Munawar

2012-01-01

155

Workers' Compensation recipiency in union and nonunion workplaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study estimates union effects on workers' compensation indemnity claims in 1977-92, based on individual panel data constructed from the March Current Population Survey. Union members were substantially more likely to receive workers' compensation benefits than were similar nonunion workers, and they were more sensitive to variation in benefit levels and waiting periods. The authors suggest that differences in union,

Barry T. Hirsch; David A. MacPherson; J. Michael Dumond

1997-01-01

156

77 FR 11160 - Notice of a Change in Status of the Payable Periods in the Emergency Unemployment Compensation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Payable Periods in the Emergency Unemployment Compensation 2008 (EUC08) Program...the payable periods in the Emergency Unemployment Compensation 2008 (EUC08) program...unemployed workers claiming benefits in high unemployment states. The Department of Labor...

2012-02-24

157

76 FR 75562 - Notice of a Change in Status of the Payable Periods in the Emergency Unemployment Compensation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Payable Periods in the Emergency Unemployment Compensation 2008 (EUC08) Program...the payable periods in the Emergency Unemployment Compensation 2008 (EUC08) program...unemployed workers claiming benefits in high unemployment states. The Department of Labor...

2011-12-02

158

77 FR 7604 - Notice of a Change in Status of the Payable Periods in the Emergency Unemployment Compensation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Payable Periods in the Emergency Unemployment Compensation 2008 (EUC08) Program...the payable periods in the Emergency Unemployment Compensation 2008 (EUC08) program...unemployed workers claiming benefits in high unemployment states. The Department of Labor...

2012-02-13

159

28 CFR 79.42 - Criteria for eligibility for claims by miners.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...EXPOSURE COMPENSATION ACT Eligibility Criteria for Claims by Uranium Miners § 79.42 Criteria for eligibility for claims by...level months of radiation or worked for at least one year in a uranium mine or mines during the period identified in paragraph...

2013-07-01

160

The epidemiology of malpractice claims in primary care: a systematic review  

PubMed Central

Objectives The aim of this systematic review was to examine the epidemiology of malpractice claims in primary care. Design A computerised systematic literature search was conducted. Studies were included if they reported original data (?10 cases) pertinent to malpractice claims, were based in primary care and were published in the English language. Data were synthesised using a narrative approach. Setting Primary care. Participants Malpractice claimants. Primary outcome Malpractice claim (defined as a written demand for compensation for medical injury). We recorded: medical misadventure cited in claims, missed/delayed diagnoses cited in claims, outcome of claims, prevalence of claims and compensation awarded to claimants. Results Of the 7152 articles retrieved by electronic search, a total of 34 studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in the narrative analysis. Twenty-eight studies presented data from medical indemnity malpractice claims databases and six studies presented survey data. Fifteen studies were based in the USA, nine in the UK, seven in Australia, one in Canada and two in France. The commonest medical misadventure resulting in claims was failure to or delay in diagnosis, which represented 2663% of all claims across included studies. Common missed or delayed diagnoses included cancer and myocardial infarction in adults and meningitis in children. Medication error represented the second commonest domain representing 5.620% of all claims across included studies. The prevalence of malpractice claims in primary care varied across countries. In the USA and Australia when compared with other clinical disciplines, general practice ranked in the top five specialties accounting for the most claims, representing 7.620% of all claims. However, the majority of claims were successfully defended. Conclusions This review of malpractice claims in primary care highlights diagnosis and medication error as areas to be prioritised in developing educational strategies and risk management systems.

Wallace, E; Lowry, J; Smith, S M; Fahey, T

2013-01-01

161

Claims als Instrumente der Markenfhrung  

Microsoft Academic Search

It's difficult to think of a well-known brand without automatically remembering its claim. Red Bull famously provides you with wings, BMW provides us with the joy of driving. The claim or slogan is a short phrase, which reflects the company's brand essence, the personality, position and scope for competition. Claims of many companies are part of our popular society. The

Marcus Stumpf

162

32 CFR 536.134 - Additional claims judge advocate and claims attorney responsibilities (for UCMJ claims).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

32 National Defense 3 2013-07-01...judge advocate and claims attorney responsibilities (for...536.134 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT...advocate and claims attorney responsibilities...

2013-07-01

163

Cooperative Employee Compensation, 1999.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report updates a 1993 study and looks at how education, cooperative function, and geography influence compensation of cooperative employees. Unlike the original report, this one addresses director compensation. Compensation varied from per diem and t...

B. L. Rotan

2001-01-01

164

Workers compensation: coverage, benefits, and costs, 1982  

SciTech Connect

Workers compensation provides medical care and income maintenance protection to workers disabled from work-related injury or illness. This program is of considerable interest to the Social Security Administration (SSA) from several perspectives. For example, since 1965 Social Security Disability Insurance (DI) benefits and workers compensation payments have been integrated. Information on the experience under workers compensation provides a framework for examining questions concerning gaps and overlaps in the Nation's social insurance system. In addition, since December 1969 SSA has administered claims filed through 1973 under part B of the Black Lung program--the program providing income maintenance protection to coal miners disabled by pneumoconiosis. The workers compensation experience reported here consists of information on benefits for work-related injury and disease, including data on the combined benefits paid under the entire Federal Black Lung program administered by the Labor Department and SSA.

Price, D.N.

1984-12-01

165

76 FR 37897 - Performance of Functions; Claims for Compensation Under the Federal Employees' Compensation Act...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...proposed rulemaking, rather than cutting back the time to file such a request...the Office of Management and Budget for consistency with the President's priorities and...the Office of Management and Budget (OMB)? The collection of information...

2011-06-28

166

75 FR 49595 - Performance of Functions; Claims for Compensation Under the Federal Employees' Compensation Act...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...all available evidence (including the...but do not control, the determination...of objective evidence of a potential...be extended? Based on the facts...supplies provided by nursing homes, shall...supported by medical evidence as provided in...electronic or paper-based bill that...

2010-08-13

167

[Occupational cancers: notification, compensation and prevention].  

PubMed

Less than 140 occupational cancers (OC) are compensated every year in France although the incidence is estimated for at least 6,000 new cases, as estimated by the epidemiologists (4% of the mortality by cancers). This situation can be explained by different factors: few compensation claims by the patients or families, frequent lack of interest from medical doctors for relation between cancer and work, occurrence of the OC after retirement, difficulty to distinguish the role of occupational factors from individual comportmental factors in many OC (for ex. a lung cancer hitting a smoker). The consequences of such a situation are multiple: no compensation for more than 95% of patients or relatives, taking for granted that OC is a minor problem, insufficient prevention of the carcinogenic factors on the work place, prevention of cancers restricted to individual comportmental changes. Physicians working in cancerology units have to incite their patients in notifying the OC and help them in compensation claims. They have also to ask for epidemiologic and toxicologic research when clusters of OC are identified in a plant, in order to get better prevention, compensation and regulations. PMID:7949579

Brugre, J; Thbaud-Mony, A; Pzerat, H; Cassou, B

1994-01-01

168

32 CFR 536.15 - Claims policies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... The Army Claims System § 536.15 Claims...jurisdiction of a Command Claims Service... Two copies of command claims directives...directives will be distributed to all DA and DOD commands, installations...

2009-07-01

169

32 CFR 536.15 - Claims policies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... The Army Claims System § 536.15 Claims...jurisdiction of a Command Claims Service... Two copies of command claims directives...directives will be distributed to all DA and DOD commands, installations...

2010-07-01

170

FDA Modernization Act (FDAMA) Claims  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... 2001. Fluoride and the Risk of Dental Caries: Health Claim Notification for Fluoridated Water October 14, 2006. Potassium ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/ingredientspackaginglabeling/labelingnutrition

171

20 CFR 30.103 - How does a claimant make sure that OWCP has the evidence necessary to process the claim?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000, AS AMENDED Filing Claims; Evidence and Burden of Proof; Special Procedures for Certain Cancer Claims Filing Claims for Benefits Under Eeoicpa § 30.103 How does a claimant make sure that OWCP has the evidence...

2013-04-01

172

Windowed motion compensation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new motion compensation technique using a window which satisfies the perfect reconstruction condition is proposed. THe conventional motion compensation using rectangular blocks often gives discontinuities between neighboring motion compensation blocks in the predicted image. The proposed method is based on a window operation to the data which overlaps an area of the conventional motion compensation block. Computer simulation is

Hiroshi Watanabe; Sharad Singhal

1991-01-01

173

Essays in Executive Compensation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation focuses on how executive compensation is designed and its implications for corporate finance and government regulations. Chapter 2 analyzes several proposals to restrict CEO compensation and calibrates two models of executive compensation that describe how firms would react to different types of restrictions. We find that many restrictions on CEO compensation would have unintended consequences. Restrictions on total

D. Zhang

2012-01-01

174

37 CFR 1.75 - Claim(s).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the applicant regards as his invention or discovery. (b) More...claims must conform to the invention as set forth in the remainder...146 as to claiming different inventions in one application. (e...applicant considers as the new or improved portion....

2013-07-01

175

Health Claims Regulation and Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regulation (EC) No 1924\\/2006, 20 December 2006, requires functional foods manufacturers operating in Europe to provide evidence that the health claims reported on the packaging are truthful. However, most applications reviewed by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) have been rejected, leaving food manufacturers with the option of either selling products deprived of their claims or discontinuing their production. This

Rui Huang; Alessandro Bonanno

2011-01-01

176

21 CFR 101.71 - Health claims: claims not authorized.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...authorized. Health claims not authorized for foods in conventional food form or for dietary supplements of vitamins, minerals, herbs, or other similar substances: (a) Dietary fiber and cardiovascular disease. (b) Zinc and immune function in the...

2013-04-01

177

Disabling and Fatal Occupational Claim Rates, Risks, and Costs in the Oregon Construction Industry 19901997  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study estimated injury and illness rates, risk factors, and costs associated with construction work in Oregon from 19901997 using all accepted workers' compensation claims by Oregon construction employees (N = 20,680). Claim rates and risk estimates were estimated using a baseline calculated from Current Population Survey data of the Oregon work force. The average annual rate of lost-time claims

Irwin B. Horwitz; Brian P. McCall

2004-01-01

178

Medicolegal aspects of breast cancer in U.S. federal medical facilities: analysis of 80 claims.  

PubMed

Eighty malpractice claims were taken against the U.S. government alleging negligence and delay in the diagnosis of breast cancer in federal medical facilities during the period from 1980 to 1989. Medical records and claim documents were reviewed together with the opinions of expert witnesses, journal articles, and opinions of the Department of Legal Medicine of the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology. The radiology and pathology reports were reviewed. Of the 80 claims, 68 were closed; compensation amounts ranged from $6,000 to $1 million. There was no correlation between the length of delay in diagnosis and the amount of compensation paid. The reasons for delayed diagnosis are considered in detail, and recommendations are made in an attempt to minimize the number of such claims in the future. PMID:8700326

Chew, F S; O'Reilly, M A; Schuckenbrock, C M; Relyea-Chew, A; Foley, H T; O'Reilly, P M

1996-06-01

179

A century of miners' compensation in South Africa.  

PubMed

The year 2011 marked the centenary of compensation legislation for miners' lung disease in South Africa. This commentary aims to demonstrate that the current compensation system does not serve its intended beneficiaries, particularly the large population of former gold miners affected by high rates of silicosis and tuberculosis. The system has a complex legislative history, reflecting contending political, and economic forces, and characterized by racial discrimination. The financial basis of the system is currently in crisis owing to historical underfunding and failure to take into account the mounting burden of disease among black former miners. The real value of compensation awards fell sharply between 1973 and 1993, only partly recovering in recent years. Barriers to claiming benefits, particularly by black former miners who know little about the process, have been extensively documented. Integration of miners' compensation into general workers' compensation has been mooted since the 1980s but has stalled, owing to the high cost of closing the gap between the mostly inferior financial benefits under the mining legislation and those available under workers' compensation legislation. A recent constitutional court decision has opened the way for unprecedented civil litigation against the gold mining industry for silicosis, adding to the pressure for reform. A number of changes are called for: harmonization of financial benefits with retention of certain of the special arrangements for miner claims, a regional cross-border system of medical examination points for former miners, education of miners about the system, and some degree of privatization of claims processing. PMID:22431163

Ehrlich, Rodney

2012-03-16

180

Nutrient Content Claims and Percentage  

MedlinePLUS

... Non-starchy Vegetables Protein Foods Sugar and Desserts Artificial Sweeteners Sugar Alcohols Grains and Starchy Vegetables Taking ... Without added sugars: no sugar or sugar-containing ingredient is added during processing Claims for Fiber High ...

181

Ecomp Executive Compensation Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Ecomp Executive Compensation Database allows users to research the compensation and net-worth of executives. Users may search the database by company name or ticker symbol, as well as by state, sector, and industry pull-down menus. Search returns list compensation summaries for the top executives, including salary, bonus, and total compensation. Clicking on the executive's name will give a more detailed summary, including restricted stock, LTIP payouts, and value realized for options exercised. All numbers are for 1999.

182

32 CFR 536.115 - Claims procedures for claims arising overseas under international agreements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...claims arising overseas under international agreements. 536.115... Claims Cognizable Under International Agreements § 536.115...claims arising overseas under international agreements. (a...includes claims by tourists or business travelers as...

2013-07-01

183

Swedish consumers' cognitive approaches to nutrition claims and health claims  

PubMed Central

Introduction and Aim Studies show frequent use of nutrition claims and health claims in consumers' choice of food products. The aim of the present study was to investigate how consumers' thoughts about these claims and food products are affected by various types of food-related experiences. Material and Methods The data collection comprised 30 individual interviews among Swedish consumers aged 25 to 64 years. Results The results indicated that participants who expressed special concern for their own and their families' health were eager to find out the meaning of concepts and statements made. A lack of understanding and lack of credibility of concepts and expressions often caused suspicion of the product. However, in some cases this was counterbalanced by confidence in manufacturers, retailers, and/or the Swedish food legislation. Discussion and Conclusion To achieve effective written communication of food products' health-conducive properties on food labels, there is a need to consider the importance many consumers attach to understanding the meaning of concepts and expressions used and the importance of credibility in certain expressions. Consumers' varying cognitive approaches are suggested as a basis for pre-tests of nutrition claims and health claims.

Svederberg, Eva; Wendin, Karin

2011-01-01

184

Medical malpractice reform and insurer claims defense: unintended effects?  

PubMed

In response to recent and past medical malpractice insurance crises, most states have implemented reforms meant to stabilize premiums and coverage availability. The importance of understanding whether these reforms implicitly affect the behavior and incentives of plaintiffs, attorneys, medical providers, and malpractice insurers in the intended way is crucial to policy makers, if they are to achieve their goal. This study specifically examines the effect of reforms on the claims defense efforts of insurers, given that defense expenses account for approximately 30 percent of malpractice premiums. Using state data for the period 1998-2002, we regress claims defense expenses against a variety of reform variables. These include seven tort reforms (noneconomic damage caps, punitive damage limits, attorney fee limits, modified collateral source rule, modified joint and several liability doctrine, mandatory pretrial screening, and statute of limitations) and two government-sponsored insurance mechanisms (joint underwriting associations and patient compensation funds). Claims defense expenses are found to be higher in the presence of noneconomic damage caps, punitive damage limits, and attorney fee limits--an unintended and counterproductive effect of reform--but are lower with mandatory pretrial screening and patient compensation funds. PMID:17855719

Ambrose, Jan M; Carroll, Anne

2007-10-01

185

BIG GAME DEPREDATIONS AND DAMAGE COMPENSATION IN WYOMING  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Wyoming Game and Fish Department is responsible for controlling depredations by big game, trophy game, and game birds. Under certain guidelines landowners can submit a claim to the department for compensation from wildlife depredations. Measures used by department personnel to prevent wildlife damage are the use of scare devices, harassment techniques, repellents, fencing, trapping, issuing of kill permits, and

John R. Demaree

1985-01-01

186

Employment Status and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder following Compensation Seeking in Victims of Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current study was developed to explore the associations between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), level of compensation for pain and suffering, and employment status in a sample of victims of violence (n = 226) who had held a full-time job at time of victimization and had filed a claim with the Dutch Victim Compensation Fund (DVCF)

Kunst, Maarten J. J.

2011-01-01

187

Exaggerated Claims for Interactive Stories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As advertising becomes more crucial to video games' success, developers risk promoting their products beyond the features that they can actually include. For features of interactive storytelling, the effects of making such exaggerations are not well known, as reports from industry have been anecdotal at best. In this paper, we explore the effects of making exaggerated claims for interactive stories, in the context of the theory of advertising. Results from a human user study show that female players find linear and branching stories to be significantly less enjoyable when they are advertised with exaggerated claims.

Thue, David; Bulitko, Vadim; Spetch, Marcia; Webb, Michael

188

Insurance Fraud and Optimal Claims Settlement Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the optimal claims settlement strategy for a liability insurer when claimants can permanently misrepresent their losses by engaging in costly claims falsification. In this environment, claims auditing is not a possible deterrent to fraud, and the settlement strategy consists of an indemnification profile that relates the insurance payment to the claimed amount of loss. The optimal indemnification profile

Sharon Tennyson

2002-01-01

189

Rationalizing vaccine injury compensation.  

PubMed

Legislation recently adopted by the United States Congress provides producers of pandemic vaccines with near-total immunity from civil lawsuits without making individuals injured by those vaccines eligible for compensation through the Vaccine Injury Compensation Program. The unusual decision not to provide an alternative mechanism for compensation is indicative of a broader problem of inconsistency in the American approach to vaccine-injury compensation policy. Compensation policies have tended to reflect political pressures and economic considerations more than any cognizable set of principles. This article identifies a set of ethical principles bearing on the circumstances in which vaccine injuries should be compensated, both inside and outside public health emergencies. A series of possible bases for compensation rules, some grounded in utilitarianism and some nonconsequentialist, are discussed and evaluated. Principles of fairness and reasonableness are found to constitute the strongest bases. An ethically defensible compensation policy grounded in these principles would make a compensation fund available to all individuals with severe injuries and to individuals with less-severe injuries whenever the vaccination was required by law or professional duty. PMID:18154587

Mello, Michelle M

2008-01-01

190

42 CFR 82.12 - Will it be possible to conduct dose reconstructions for all claims?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Will it be possible to conduct dose reconstructions for all claims? 82.12 Section...ACTIVITIES METHODS FOR CONDUCTING DOSE RECONSTRUCTION UNDER THE ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL...COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000 Dose Reconstruction Process § 82.12 Will it be...

2010-10-01

191

42 CFR 82.12 - Will it be possible to conduct dose reconstructions for all claims?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Will it be possible to conduct dose reconstructions for all claims? 82.12 Section...ACTIVITIES METHODS FOR CONDUCTING DOSE RECONSTRUCTION UNDER THE ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL...COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000 Dose Reconstruction Process § 82.12 Will it be...

2009-10-01

192

Pre-surgery Disability Compensation Predicts Long-Term Disability among Workers with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome  

PubMed Central

Background We sought to identify early risk factors for work disability compensation prior to and after carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) surgery, and to determine whether pre-surgery disability compensation is associated with long-term disability. Methods Washington State workers compensation administrative data and data from interviews with workers 18 days (median) after submitting new workers compensation claims for CTS were examined. Baseline risk factors for pre-surgery disability compensation and for long-term disability (?365 days of work disability compensation prior to two years after claim filing) were evaluated for workers who underwent CTS surgery and had at least one day of disability compensation (N=670). Results After adjustment for baseline long-term disability risk factors, workers with pre-surgery disability compensation had over five times the odds of long-term disability. Baseline factors in multiple domains, including job, psychosocial, clinical, and worker pain and function, were associated with both pre-surgery disability compensation and long-term disability. Conclusions Risk factors for work disability prior to and after CTS surgery are similar, and early work disability is a risk factor for long-term CTS-related disability. An integrated approach to CTS-related disability prevention could include identifying and addressing combined risk factors soon after claim filing, more efficient use of conservative treatments and appropriate work modifications to minimize early work loss, and, when indicated, timely surgical intervention.

Spector, June T.; Turner, Judith A.; Fulton-Kehoe, Deborah; Franklin, Gary

2012-01-01

193

Gmti Motion Compensation  

DOEpatents

Movement of a GMTI radar during a coherent processing interval over which a set of radar pulses are processed may cause defocusing of a range-Doppler map in the video signal. This problem may be compensated by varying waveform or sampling parameters of each pulse to compensate for distortions caused by variations in viewing angles from the radar to the target.

Doerry, Armin W. (Albuquerque, NM)

2004-07-20

194

Racing wheelchair crown compensation.  

PubMed

This paper is concerned with the directional stability of racing wheelchairs on crown roads. Three types of crown compensators are described and evaluated: the push-pull, the push-push, and the pull-pull. It was found that the push-push and the push-pull types of compensators have the most desirable characteristics, and were, in general, safer than the pull-pull type. In addition, the equations necessary to specify the minimum spring force required to compensate for the downhill turning moment, were derived and compared to the actual preset forces for the various compensators presently in use. It was found that the force required to maintain directional stability was less than that to deflect the crown compensator. This was due to the preference of athletes for additional stiffness needed for disturbance rejection, and to help compensate for any asymmetry in their stroke kinematics. It was also more cost-effective for the manufacturer to build stiffer-than-necessary crown compensators so that a range of individual and racing wheelchair combinations could use the same crown compensator. PMID:2918485

Cooper, R A

1989-01-01

195

Labor Needs to Adjust Compensation Benefits It Pays Injured Federal Employees to Levels Appropriate to Their Disabilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Department of Labor could have reduced federal workers' compensation costs by establishing 'wage earning capacities' for partially disabled federal employees. From reviewing a sample of injured employees' claims at five district offices, GAO estimated...

1984-01-01

196

Exaggerated Claims for Interactive Stories  

Microsoft Academic Search

As advertising becomes more crucial to video games success, developers risk promoting their products beyond the features\\u000a that they can actually include. For features of interactive storytelling, the effects of making such exaggerations are not\\u000a well known, as reports from industry have been anecdotal at best. In this paper, we explore the effects of making exaggerated\\u000a claims for interactive stories,

David Thue; Vadim Bulitko; Marcia Spetch; Michael Webb

2009-01-01

197

A Managerial Approach to Compensation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article examines the major external forces constraining equitable employee compensation, sets forth the classical employee compensation assumptions, suggests somewhat more realistic employee compensation assumptions, and proposes guidelines based on analysis of these external constraints and assumptions. (Author)

Wolfe, Arthur V.

1975-01-01

198

40 CFR 211.205 - Special claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Hearing Protective Devices § 211.205 Special claims. (a) Any manufacturer wishing to make claims regarding the acoustic effectiveness of a device, other than the Noise Reduction Rating, must be prepared to demonstrate the validity of such...

2013-07-01

199

Dietary Supplement Labeling Guide: Chapter VI. Claims  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... a statement that calls the consumer's attention to one ... This type of claim requires significant scientific ... What types of structure/functure claims may be ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/guidanceregulation/guidancedocumentsregulatoryinformation

200

32 CFR 279.4 - Claims process.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...members of eligible Service members who are deceased...claim. (2) Make a public announcement of the Retroactive...submit a claim to a Service point of contact. The...will be provided in all public releases by the...

2013-07-01

201

49 CFR 1018.7 - Conversion claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Transportation 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Conversion claims. 1018.7 Section 1018.7 Transportation ...DEBT COLLECTION Application and Coverage § 1018.7 Conversion claims. These procedures are directed primarily to...

2012-10-01

202

49 CFR 1018.7 - Conversion claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Transportation 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Conversion claims. 1018.7 Section 1018.7 Transportation ...DEBT COLLECTION Application and Coverage § 1018.7 Conversion claims. These procedures are directed primarily to...

2011-10-01

203

16 CFR 460.21 - Government claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Government claims. 460...COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES LABELING AND ADVERTISING OF HOME INSULATION § 460.21 Government claims. Do not say or imply that a government agency uses,...

2009-01-01

204

16 CFR 460.21 - Government claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Government claims. 460...COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES LABELING AND ADVERTISING OF HOME INSULATION § 460.21 Government claims. Do not say or imply that a government agency uses,...

2010-01-01

205

16 CFR 460.21 - Government claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Government claims. 460...COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES LABELING AND ADVERTISING OF HOME INSULATION § 460.21 Government claims. Do not say or imply that a government agency uses,...

2013-01-01

206

75 FR 54175 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...LLAK965000-L14100000-KC0000-P] Alaska Native Claims Selection AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management...of surface estate for certain lands to Koyuk Native Corporation, pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act. The subsurface...

2010-09-03

207

76 FR 57759 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...LLAK965000-L14100000-KC0000-P] Alaska Native Claims Selection AGENCY: Bureau of Land...issue an appealable decision to Sitnasuak Native Corporation. The decision approves the...for conveyance pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43...

2011-09-16

208

77 FR 59220 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...LLAK965000-L14100000- KC0000-P] Alaska Native Claims Selection AGENCY: Bureau of Land...issue an appealable decision to Council Native Corporation. The decision approves only...for conveyance pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43...

2012-09-26

209

76 FR 43340 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...LLAK965000-L14100000-KC0000-P] Alaska Native Claims Selection AGENCY: Bureau of Land...Corporation, Successor in Interest to Newhalen Native Corporation. The decision approves the...for conveyance pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act. The...

2011-07-20

210

75 FR 43198 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...LLAK965000-L14100000-KC0000-P] Alaska Native Claims Selection AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management...surface estate for certain lands to Aleknagik Natives Limited, pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act. The subsurface...

2010-07-23

211

76 FR 75899 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...LLAK964000-L14100000-KC0000-P] Alaska Native Claims Selection AGENCY: Bureau of Land...appealable decision to Chignik Lagoon Native Corporation. The decision approves the...for conveyance pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43...

2011-12-05

212

75 FR 13296 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...LLAK964000-L14100000-KC0000-P] Alaska Native Claims Selection AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management...estate in certain lands pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act to Manokotak Natives Limited. The subsurface estate in these...

2010-03-19

213

78 FR 7807 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...LLAK944000-L14100000-KC0000-P] Alaska Native Claims Selection AGENCY: Bureau of Land...of Land Management (BLM) to Sitnasuak Native Corporation. The decision approves the...for conveyance pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43...

2013-02-04

214

Qualified Health Claim: Do People Understand Various ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

Text VersionQualified Health Claims: Food for Thought? Neal H. Hooker and Ratapol P. Teratanavat. ... November 17, 2005. Qualified Health Claims. ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/food/ingredientspackaginglabeling

215

Federal Employees' Compensation Act.  

PubMed

The Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA) program provides wage loss compensation and payments for medical treatment to federal civilian employees. Administered by the Department of Labor (DOL), FECA covers over 2.7 million federal employees in more than 70 different agencies. FECA costs rose from $1.4 billion in 1990 to $2.6 in 2006, while the federal workforce remained essentially unchanged. While federal civilian employees represent only 2.1% of all workers eligible for workers' compensation benefits, federal programs account for 6% of the benefits paid. Disability benefits under FECA are far greater than those in the state workers' compensation programs. The benefit payments often exceed the former salary of the injured employee. The last congressional hearings on the FECA program were held over thirty years ago. It is unlikely that Congressional review will occur any time soon, as the entrenched bureaucracy that benefits from the FECA program defines and protects its future. PMID:19496485

Ladou, Joseph

216

Temperature Compensated Piezoelectric Materials.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In order to search for new temperature compensated materials for surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices with low ultrasonic attenuation and high electro-mechanical coupling, the following experimental and theoretical investigation were carried out. Extensive...

G. R. Barsch K. E. Spear

1976-01-01

217

Temperature Compensated Piezoelectric Materials.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In order to search for new temperature compensated materials for surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices with low ultrasonic attenuation and high electromechanical coupling, the following experimental and theoretical investigations were carried out: Extensive...

G. R. Barsch K. E. Spear

1977-01-01

218

Temperature Compensated Piezoelectric Materials.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In order to search for new temperature compensated materials for surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices with low ultrasonic attenuation and high electromechanical coupling, the following experimental and theoretical investigations were carried out: (i) Exten...

G. R. Barsch K. E. Spear

1976-01-01

219

Glossary of Compensation Terms.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Individuals interested in employee compensation are likely to encounter the terms listed in this glossary. Definitions are brief and may not reflect all usage. Some terms have a specific legal meaning, either through legislative enactment or judicial inte...

1998-01-01

220

Cooperative Employee Compensation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study looks at how education, cooperative function, and geography influence patterns in compensating cooperative employees. Generally, cooperative respondents in the West reported employees had the highest median salaries. Job responsibility, decision...

B. L. Rotan

1993-01-01

221

44 CFR 11.76 - Claims procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Claims Regulations § 11.76 Claims procedures...the claimant; (2) Place and date of... (6) Copies of police reports, if applicable...Government; and (11) Other evidence as...Geographical location; (2) Whether the quarters...Loss by theft or robbery. Claims for...

2009-10-01

222

44 CFR 11.76 - Claims procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Claims Regulations § 11.76 Claims procedures...the claimant; (2) Place and date of... (6) Copies of police reports, if applicable...Government; and (11) Other evidence as...Geographical location; (2) Whether the quarters...Loss by theft or robbery. Claims for...

2010-10-01

223

Managing Employee Compensation Risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze a principal-agent model in which the principal (e.g., shareholders) and the agent (e.g., an employee) can personally\\u000a trade securities tied to the outcome of an uncontrollable event affecting output. The model is employed to address two questions.\\u000a First, under what conditions does compensation risk management at the individual level substitute for compensation risk management\\u000a at the firm level?

Paul E. Fischer

2000-01-01

224

Compensation in Workflow Nets  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a formal model to specify compensation of workflows: Each acyclic workflow net W (as defined by v.d. Aalst) is canonically extended to a net W\\u000a ?+?, representing the potential occurrence of failures, and the compensation of so-far executed actions. We show that the construction\\u000a is compositional and correct, i.e. meets the expected properties.

Baver Acu; Wolfgang Reisig

2006-01-01

225

The Impact of representation and other factors on the outcomes of employee-initiated workers' compensation appeals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a unique data set from Ontario, the authors investigate the relationship between representation and the probability that a workers' compensation appeal initiated by a worker will be granted. Unlike similar previous investigations, this study includes many types of claims, not just permanent partial disability, low-back, or lost-time claims. Only representation by the Office of the Workers Advisor or by

Douglas Hyatt; Boris Kralj

2000-01-01

226

Spatial modelling of claim frequency and claim size in non-life insurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, models for claim frequency and average claim size in non-life insurance are considered. Both covariates and spatial random effects are included allowing the modelling of a spatial dependency pattern. We assume a Poisson model for the number of claims, while claim size is modelled using a Gamma distribution. However, in contrast to the usual compound Poisson model,

Susanne Gschll; Claudia Czado

2007-01-01

227

Variational causal claims in epidemiology.  

PubMed

This article examines definitions of cause in the epidemiological literature. Those definitions describe causes as factors that make a difference to the distribution of disease or to individual health status. In philosophical terms, they are "difference-makers." I argue that those definitions are underpinned by an epistemology and a methodology that hinge upon the notion of variation, contra the dominant Humean paradigm according to which we infer causality from regularity. Furthermore, despite the fact that causes are defined in terms of difference-making, this doesn't fix the causal metaphysics but rather reflects the "variational" epistemology and methodology of epidemiology. I suggest that causality in epidemiology ought to be interpreted according to Williamson's epistemic theory. In this approach, causal attribution depends on the available evidence and on the methods used. In turn, evidence to establish causal claims requires both difference-making and mechanistic considerations. PMID:19855123

Russo, Federica

2009-01-01

228

Cost of compensating asbestos victims under the Occupational Disease Compensation Act of 1983  

SciTech Connect

The potentially huge financial liability due to asbestos product suits and the resulting filings for reorganization in bankruptcy by Manville, UNR Industries, Inc., and Amatex, has become a major public policy concern. In response to the problem several bills have been introduced in the Congress to provide compensation for asbestos (and other occupational disease) victims. This paper estimates the cost of compensating asbestos victims under the provisions of the Occupational Disease Compensation Act of 1983, introduced by Congressman George Miller. Utilizing fatality projections from studies by Enterline, Selikoff, and Walker, and assumptions regarding likely claims filing and success rates, duration and degree of disability, medical expenses, first year costs for this legislation are estimated to range from a low of $131 million to a high of $1.9 billion. Present value cost estimates at a 2% real discount rate range from $3 billion to $56 billion. The paper also estimates the impact of possible modifications to the compensation provisions of the legislation. Reducing medical payments by the amount received from medicare would lower costs by 3-4%. Providing survivors with a 3-year lump sum benefit rather than a 5-year lump sum payment would save 20-25% as would offsetting the 5-year lump sum by expected social security old age and disability benefits. Combining all of these changes would reduce costs by almost 50%.

Siskind, F.B.

1987-03-01

229

The cost of compensating asbestos victims under the Occupational Disease Compensation Act of 1983.  

PubMed

The potentially huge financial liability due to asbestos product suits and the resulting filings for reorganization in bankruptcy by Manville, UNR Industries, Inc., and Amatex, has become a major public policy concern. In response to the problem several bills have been introduced in the Congress to provide compensation for asbestos (and other occupational disease) victims. This paper estimates the cost of compensating asbestos victims under the provisions of the "Occupational Disease Compensation Act of 1983," introduced by Congressman George Miller. Utilizing fatality projections from studies by Enterline, Selikoff, and Walker, and assumptions regarding likely claims filing and success rates, duration and degree of disability, and medical expenses, first year costs for this legislation are estimated to range from a low of $131 million to a high of $ billion. Present value cost estimates at a 2% real discount rate range from $3 billion to $56 billion. The paper also estimates the impact of possible modifications to the compensation provisions of the legislation. Reducing medical payments by the amount received from medicare would lower costs by 3-4%. Providing survivors with a 3-year lump sum benefit rather than a 5-year lump sum payment would save 20-25% as would offsetting the 5-year lump sum by expected social security old age and disability benefits. Combining all of these changes would reduce costs by almost 50%. PMID:2956635

Siskind, F B

1987-03-01

230

Analysis of NHSLA claims in orthopedic surgery.  

PubMed

National Health Service (NHS) statistics in the United Kingdom demonstrate an increase in clinical negligence claims over the past 30 years. Reasons for this include elements of a cultural shift in attitudes toward the medical profession and the growth of the legal services industry. This issue affects medical and surgical health providers worldwide.The authors analyzed 2117 NHS Litigation Authority (NHSLA) orthopedic surgery claims between 1995 and 2001 with respect to these clinical areas: emergency department, outpatient care, surgery (elective or trauma operations), and inpatient care. The authors focused on the costs of settling and defending claims, costs attributable to clinical areas, common causes of claims, and claims relating to elective or trauma surgery. Numbers of claims and legal costs increased most notably in surgery (elective and trauma) and in the emergency department. However, claims are being defended more robustly. The annual cost for a successful defense has remained relatively stable, showing a slight decline. The common causes of claims are postoperative complication; wrong, delayed, or failure of diagnosis; inadequate consent; and wrong-site surgery. Certain surgical specialties (eg, spine and lower-limb surgery) have the most claims made during elective surgery, whereas upper-limb surgery has the most claims made during trauma surgery.The authors recommend that individual trusts liaise with orthopedic surgeons to devise strategies to address areas highlighted in our study. Despite differences in health care systems worldwide, the underlying issues are common. With improved understanding, physicians can deliver the service they promise their patients. PMID:22588416

Khan, Irfan H; Jamil, Wiqqas; Lynn, Sam Mathew; Khan, Osman H; Markland, Kate; Giddins, Grey

2012-05-01

231

Superresolution in compensated telescopes.  

PubMed

We present a procedure for attaining resolution beyond the diffraction limit in ground-based telescopes. This procedure is based on the use of rotationally symmetric pupil plane filters that can be easily implemented in dynamic optical devices such as a deformable mirror of an adaptive-optics system. We show that a successful application of the technique requires partial compensation for atmospheric distortion by adaptive optics. Consequently, we derive the required level of compensation as a function of the atmospheric conditions. Finally, our results are checked using simulated data. PMID:15143632

Canales, Vidal F; de Juana, Daniel M; Cagigal, Manuel P

2004-05-01

232

Does workplace health promotion decrease medical claims?  

PubMed

We examined the relationship between workplace health promotion and medical claims in 38 textile plants, considering also the effects of demographic and contextual variables (i.e., average worker age, sex ratio, racial composition, plant product, and access to medical services). Number of claims per worker varied threefold among plants but was independent of plant workforce's sex ratio, racial composition, and access to medical services. Worker age predicted claims; in a linear regression model, age, sex, race, plant product, and access explained 23% of variance in claims. Health promotion was also related to claims, and its inclusion in the model (with interaction terms involving plant product) explained 54% of variance in claims, with the deletion of race, sex, and access from the reduced model. We concluded that effective health promotion must address the contexts of different types of plant product. PMID:1599718

Wheat, J R; Graney, M J; Shachtman, R H; Ginn, G L; Patrick, D L; Hulka, B S

233

45 CFR 504.4 - Place of filing claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, AND PAYMENT OF CLAIMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE WAR CLAIMS ACT OF 1948, AS AMENDED FILING OF CLAIMS AND PROCEDURES...in person to the Foreign Claims Settlement Commission, 600 E Street, NW, Room 6002, Washington, DC...

2011-10-01

234

45 CFR 504.4 - Place of filing claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, AND PAYMENT OF CLAIMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE WAR CLAIMS ACT OF 1948, AS AMENDED FILING OF CLAIMS AND PROCEDURES...in person to the Foreign Claims Settlement Commission, 600 E Street, NW, Room 6002, Washington, DC...

2012-10-01

235

32 CFR 751.9 - Presentment of claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... PERSONNEL CLAIMS REGULATIONS Claims Against the United States § 751.9 Presentment of claim. (a) General...questionable include amounts claimed that are exaggerated in comparison with the cost of similar items, insignificant or...

2013-07-01

236

43 CFR 3871.1 - Filing of claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) ADVERSE CLAIMS, PROTESTS AND CONFLICTS Adverse Claims § 3871.1 Filing of claim. (a) An adverse claim must be filed with the authorized officer of the proper...

2012-10-01

237

The Justification of Music-Structural Claims  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article addresses the justification of music-structural claims, that is, any statements that assign a structure to a musical passage or a work. It is suggested that a theorist T is justified in making such a claim to the extent that (i) T is able to specify a rule that takes a given musical passage as its input and produces the claim as its

Huovinen, Erkki

2008-01-01

238

Health Insurance Claim Review Using Information Technologies  

PubMed Central

Objectives The objective of this paper is to describe the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA)'s payment request (PARE) system that plays the role of the gateway for all health insurance claims submitted to HIRA, and the claim review support (CRS) system that supports the work of claim review experts in South Korea. Methods This study describes the two systems' information technology (IT) infrastructures, their roles, and quantitative analysis of their work performance. It also reports the impact of these systems on claims processing by analyzing the health insurance claim data submitted to HIRA from April 1 to June 30, 2011. Results The PARE system returned to healthcare providers 2.7% of all inpatient claims (97,930) and 0.1% of all outpatient claims (317,007) as un-reviewable claims. The return rate was the highest for the hospital group as 0.49% and the lowest rate was found in clinic group. The CRS system's detection rate of the claims with multiple errors in inpatient and outpatient areas was 23.1% and 2.9%, respectively. The highest rate of error detection occurred at guideline check-up stages in both inpatient and outpatient groups. Conclusions The study found that HIRA's two IT systems had a critical role in reducing heavy administrative workloads through automatic data processing. Although the return rate of the problematic claims to providers and the error detection rate by two systems was low, the actual count of the returned claims was large. The role of IT will become increasingly important in reducing the workload of health insurance claims review.

Yoon, Jeong-Sik; Speedie, Stuart M.; Yoon, Hojung; Lee, Jiseon

2012-01-01

239

Lognormal mixed models for reported claims reserves  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional claims-reserving techniques are based on so-called run-off triangles containing aggregate claim figures. Such a triangle provides a summary of an underlying data set with individual claim figures. This contribution explores the interpretation of the available individual data in the framework of longitudinal data analysis. Making use of the theory of linear mixed models, a flexible model for loss reserving

Katrien Antonio; Jan Beirlant; Tom Hoedemakers; Robert Verlaak

2006-01-01

240

Occupational lead poisoning in Ohio: surveillance using worker's compensation data  

SciTech Connect

To determine the utility of workers' compensation (WC) data in a system for the surveillance of occupational lead poisoning, we reviewed workers' compensation claims for lead poisoning in Ohio. For the period 1979 through 1983, 92(81 per cent) of the 114 claims attributed to lead met our case definition of lead poisoning. The likelihood that a company had a case of lead poisoning was strongly correlated with the number of claims against the company. Thirty companies accounted for the 92 cases; two companies accounted for 49 per cent of these. Inspection by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) occurred at 14 of these companies, all of which were cited for violations of the OSHA lead standard. Comparison of the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) codes for the 14 companies inspected by OSHA with the 15 companies not inspected by OSHA revealed that OSHA inspected battery manufacturers, non-ferrous foundries, secondary smelters, and primary lead smelters, but not bridge painters, manufacturers of electronic components, mechanical power transmission equipment, pumps, and paints, nor a sheriff's office where firing range slugs were remelted to make new bullets. Neither the number of cases of lead poisoning at a company nor the size of a company was related to the likelihood of being inspected by OSHA. Claims for WC appear to be useful adjunct to an occupational lead poisoning surveillance system; their usefulness should be compared to that of other systems such as laboratory reports of elevated blood lead levels in adults.

Seligman, P.J.; Halperin, W.E.; Mullan, R.J.; Frazier, T.M.

1986-11-01

241

No-fault system of compensation for obstetric injury: Winners and losers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine whether Florida's implementation of a no-fault system for birth-related neurologic injuries reduced lawsuits and total spending associated with such injuries, and whether no-fault was more efficient than tort in distributing compensation.Methods: We compared claims and payments before and after implementation of a no-fault system in 1989. Data came from the Department of Insurance's medical malpractice closed claim

Frank A. Sloan; Kathryn Whetten-Goldstein; Emily M. Stout; Stephen S. Entman; Gerald B. Hickson

1998-01-01

242

On adaptive friction compensation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method of compensating for friction in control systems is presented. The method entails the use of an observer to estimate the friction which is modeled as a constant times the sign of the velocity. The purpose of the observer is to estimate this constant. The observer model is selected to ensure that the error in estimation of the friction

Bernard Friedland; Young-Jin Park

1992-01-01

243

The Compensation Question  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Over the past few years, as cash-strapped states and school districts have faced tough budget decisions, spending on teacher compensation has come under the microscope. The underlying question is whether, when you take everything into account, today's teachers are fairly paid, underpaid, or overpaid. In this forum, two pairs of respected

Richwine, Jason; Biggs, Andrew; Mishel, Lawrence; Roy, Joydeep

2012-01-01

244

The Compensated Balun  

Microsoft Academic Search

The compensated balun, first described by Marchand and later reinvented by Roberts, is found to have much broader band-widths than realized by either author. This balun is analyzed here and the parameters which determine its bandwidths are discussed. Curves are presented which allow the design of a balun having any bandwidth. The practical considerations which preclude realization of infinite bandwidths

G. Oltman

1966-01-01

245

Motion compensation in radiotherapy.  

PubMed

Image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT) has helped to dramatically reduce safety margins compensating for positioning uncertainties in radiotherapy. A remaining issue posing problems for photon radiotherapy (RT), but even more so for particle RT, is target motion during treatment delivery. This review outlines the various strategies currently being developed or already in clinical use to compensate for organ motion, predominantly breathing-induced motion of liver and lung targets. Several motion compensation strategies have recently been introduced clinically. Among these are optimized margins encompassing the individual range of target motion, treatment under breath hold, gated treatments, and tumor tracking with a dedicated treatment device. A variety of surveillance strategies for gating and tracking, such as indirect tracking with external fiducial markers and surface scanning devices, direct tracking with implanted electromagnetic markers, fiducial markers, and fluoroscopy, and ultrasound-based tracking are already in clinical use or are under development. Tracked treatment with linear accelerators based on tumor-synchronous MLC- or treatment-table adaptation are moving toward clinical use. A multitude of strategies to reduce the impact of intrafractional target motion in RT have been developed and are increasingly being used clinically. The clinical introduction of advanced strategies currently under development is imminent. After IGRT minimized treatment margins for static tumors, the implementation of motion compensation strategies will achieve the same for targets being subject to intrafractional breathing-induced motion. PMID:22694199

Guckenberger, Matthias; Richter, Anne; Boda-Heggemann, Judit; Lohr, Frank

2012-01-01

246

Backlash compensator mechanism  

DOEpatents

Mechanism which compensates for backlash error in a lead screw position indicator by decoupling the indicator shaft from the lead screw when reversing rotation. The position indicator then displays correct information regardless of the direction of rotation of the lead screw.

Chrislock, Jerry L. (Bethel Island, CA)

1979-01-01

247

Health Claims Meeting Significant Scientific Agreement (SSA)  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Denied Health Claims. Alkaline and Earth Alkaline Citrates and Risk of Osteoporosis October 30, 2007. -. -. Page Last Updated ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/ingredientspackaginglabeling/labelingnutrition

248

Settlement Reached for Qualified Health Claims Relating ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Selenium may reduce the risk of colon and rectal cancer. Scientific evidence concerning this claim is inconclusive. Based ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/ingredientspackaginglabeling/labelingnutrition

249

Consumer perceptions of nutrition and health claims.  

PubMed

The number of food products containing extra or reduced levels of specific ingredients (e.g. extra calcium) that bring particular health benefits (e.g. stronger bones) is still increasing. Nutrition- and health-related (NH) claims promoting these ingredient levels and their health benefit differ in terms of the (legal) strength with which the claim is brought forward and the specific wording of the claim, both of which may differ between countries. Using a large-scale cross-national internet-based survey in Italy (n=1566), Germany (n=1620), UK (n=1560) and US (n=1621), the purpose of the study described here is to investigate consumer perceptions of NH food product claims, across different countries. NH claims are systematically varied as a function of six health benefits (cardiovascular disease, stress, infections, fatigue, overweight and concentration) and five claim types (content, structure-function, product, disease-risk reduction and marketing claim). The general results indicate that consumer perceptions differ substantially by country and benefit being claimed but much less by the claim type. Implications of these findings are being discussed. PMID:17157958

van Trijp, Hans C M; van der Lans, Ivo A

2006-12-08

250

[From medical complication to compensation for the prejudice].  

PubMed

Claims in anesthesia and intensive care remains high, despite the reduction of morbidity and mortality associated with this activity. The absence of a national register makes it difficult to quantify. The Medical Committee of MACSF-Sou Medical Group, professional liability insurer of more than half of French physicians, provided us support. The amount of compensation paid is growing and the scope of compensated damage is expanded by the Dintilhac mission. The Act of March 4, 2002 has fully confirmed the principle of medical liability for misconduct. Generally, compensation for bodily injury is based on the demonstration of a causal link between a wrongful event and injury. The proof of fault lies with the applicant. Information accountable to patients and nosocomial infection are a particular setting. The Act of March 4, 2002 has also defined the concept of therapeutic risk. With the establishment of the Regional Commissions of Conciliation and Compensation (RCCI) and the National Office for Compensation of Medical Accident (Oniam), it is now possible for a patient to be compensated for an injury resulting from an accident Medical non-offending, while acknowledging the lack of accountability of the practitioner. The expertise conducted by an RCCI is adversarial. For the practitioner called to the cause, it is important to prepare for both substance and form, with the assistance of the medical board's insurance company. PMID:22763310

Trouiller, P; Lopard, E; Mantz, J; Farman, T

2012-07-03

251

Physicians' Insurance Limits and Malpractice Payments: Evidence from Texas Closed Claims, 1990-2003  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physicians' insuring practices influence their incentives to take care when treating patients, their risk of making out-of-pocket payments in malpractice cases, and the adequacy of compensation available to injured patients. Yet these practices and their effects have rarely been studied. Using Texas Department of Insurance data on 9,525 paid malpractice claims against physicians that closed in 1990-2003, we provide the

Kathryn Zeiler; Charles Silver; Bernard Black; David A. Hyman; William M. Sage

2007-01-01

252

Effect of Claims Processing Work Simplification Initiatives on Network Non-Institutional Professional Claims Processing Time.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Managed care organizations (MCO) must make every effort to improve the effectiveness of claims processing and reporting or they will risk the loss of member and provider satisfaction and ultimately lose their ability to remain solvent. The status of claim...

B. A. Coleman

2000-01-01

253

Vendor cited for false PFC savings claim  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Cynex power factor controller (PFC) vendor claiming a 60% saving was cited by the Better Business Bureau for false advertising after a user survey revealed that savings were only 20% at best. The company plans no future advertising claims, although it insists that 60% savings are possible. The inventor disagrees. (DCK)

Greenstein

1983-01-01

254

Natural Language Analysis of Patent Claims  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a NLP methodology for ana- lyzing patent claims that combines sym- bolic grammar formalisms with data- intensive methods while enhancing analy- sis robustness. The output of our analyzer is a shallow interlingual representation that captures both the structure and con- tent of a claim text. The methodology can be used in any patent-related application, such as machine translation,

Svetlana Sheremetyeva

2005-01-01

255

Metastasizing patent claims on BRCA1  

PubMed Central

Many patents make claims on DNA sequences; some include claims on oligonucleotides related to the primary patented gene. We used bioinformatics to quantify the reach of one such claim from patent 4,747,282 on BRCA1. We find that human chromosome 1 (which does not contain BRCA1) contains over 300,000 oligonucleotides covered by this claim, and that 80% of cDNA and mRNA sequences contributed to GenBank before the patent application was filed also contain at least one claimed oligonucleotide. Any isolated DNA molecules that include such 15bp nucleotide sequences would fall under the claim as granted by the US Patent and Trademark Office. Anyone making, using, selling, or importing such a molecule for any purpose within the United States would thus be infringing the claim. This claim and others like it turn out, on examination, to be surprisingly broad, and if enforced would have substantial implications for medical practice and scientific research.

Kepler, Thomas B.; Crossman, Colin; Cook-Deegan, Robert

2010-01-01

256

Global Warming: Claims, Science, and Consequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Widespread (and seemingly dominant) claims about the dire consequences of anthropogenic global warming (AGW) have been propagated by both scientists and politicians and have been prominently featured by much of the mass media. This talk will examine some of those claims --- such as those made in the popular pro-AGW film, An Inconvenient Truth^1 --- from the perspectives of science^2

Laurence I. Gould

2007-01-01

257

27 CFR 70.413 - Claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Relating to Distilled Spirits, Wines, and Beer § 70.413 Claims. (a) Claims...material and denatured spirits), wine, or beer on which the tax has not been...the tax on distilled spirits, wines, or beer is assessed and the taxpayer...

2013-04-01

258

Internet Survey of Nutrition Claim Knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consumer interest in healthy foods has spurred approval of several health claims for foods and dietary supple- ments. Although undergraduate and gradu- ate food science curricula address food laws and regulations, nutrition claims may not be fully addressed. We posted a survey on the Internet for 2 mo for food industry professionals and others interested in tak- ing the survey

Mary E. Camire; Michael P. Dougherty

2006-01-01

259

46 CFR 327.4 - Claim requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...287 and 1001 and all other penalty provisions for making...claim for injury, illness, or death shall be attached. If...does not involve a seaman's death, the following information...personal injury, illness or death, the claim shall provide...

2011-10-01

260

46 CFR 327.4 - Claim requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...287 and 1001 and all other penalty provisions for making...claim for injury, illness, or death shall be attached. If...does not involve a seaman's death, the following information...personal injury, illness or death, the claim shall provide...

2012-10-01

261

Governance and Aboriginal Claims in Northern Canada.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on problems of organization and governance that may follow settlement of Canadian aboriginal land claims. Compares financial problems, cultural issues such as subsistence lifestyles, and intergovernmental relations following the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement, and Western Arctic (Inuvialuit)

Cozzetto, Don

1990-01-01

262

Moral Minimalism in American Indian Land Claims  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is an essay about Indian claims for the return of historically stolen lands, written from the perspective of a "Western" academic moral philosopher. I want to try to outline points of agreement and disagreement between Indian and Western moral conceptions and to seek common ground on which land claims can be more clearly evaluated and

Hendrix, Burke A.

2005-01-01

263

Delays in claiming social security benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on Social Security benefit claiming behavior, a takeup decision that has been ignored in the previous literature. Using financial calculations and simulations based on an expected utility maximization model, we show that delaying benefit claim for a period of time after retirement is optimal in a wide variety of cases and that gains from delay may be

Courtney COILE; Peter DIAMOND; Jonathan GRUBER; Alain JOUSTEN

2000-01-01

264

Vendor cited for false PFC savings claim  

SciTech Connect

A Cynex power factor controller (PFC) vendor claiming a 60% saving was cited by the Better Business Bureau for false advertising after a user survey revealed that savings were only 20% at best. The company plans no future advertising claims, although it insists that 60% savings are possible. The inventor disagrees. (DCK)

Greenstein, I.

1983-08-29

265

Data Tape of Medical Malpractice Closed Claims.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is a user's tape consisting of data items from 4,126 medical malpractice closed claims between July 1, 1976, and October 31, 1976. The purpose of the data collection effort was to construct a file of closed claims data for analysis of injuries and co...

G. A. Schnack

1976-01-01

266

Delays in claiming social security benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on Social Security benefit claiming behavior, a take-up decision that has been ignored in the previous literature. Using financial calculations and simulations based on an expected utility maximization model, we show that delaying benefit claim for a period of time after retirement is optimal in a wide variety of cases and that gains from delay may be

Courtney Coile; Peter Diamond; Jonathan Gruber; Alain Jousten

2002-01-01

267

Delays in Claiming Social Security Benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on Social Security benefit claiming behavior, a take-up decision that has been ignored in the previous literature. Using financial calculations and simulations based on an expected utility maximization model, we show that delaying benefit claim for a period of time after retirement is optimal in a wide variety of cases and that gains from delay may be

Courtney Coile; Peter Diamond; Jonathan Gruber; Alain Jousten

1999-01-01

268

76 FR 47234 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...LLAK965000-L14100000-KC0000-P] Alaska Native Claims Selection AGENCY: Bureau of Land...issue an appealable decision to Togiak Natives Limited. The decision approves the surface...for conveyance pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act. The...

2011-08-04

269

Internet Survey of Nutrition Claim Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Consumer interest in healthy foods has spurred approval of several health claims for foods and dietary supplements. Although undergraduate and graduate food science curricula address food laws and regulations, nutrition claims may not be fully addressed. We posted a survey on the Internet for 2 mo for food industry professionals and others

Camire, Mary E.; Dougherty, Michael P.

2005-01-01

270

Claims incidence of work-related disorders of the upper extremities: Washington state, 1987 through 1995.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the claim incidence rate, cost, and industry distribution of work-related upper extremity disorders in Washington. METHODS: Washington State Fund workers' compensation claims from 1987 to 1995 were abstracted and categorized into general and specific disorders of gradual or sudden onset. RESULTS: Accepted claims included 100,449 for hand/wrist disorders (incidence rate: 98.2/10,000 full-time equivalents; carpal tunnel syndrome rate: 27.3), 30,468 for elbow disorders (incidence rate: 29.7; epicondylitis rate: 11.7), and 55,315 for shoulder disorders (incidence rate: 54.0; rotator cuff syndrome rate: 19.9). Average direct workers' compensation claims costs (medical treatment and indemnity) were $15,790 (median: $6774) for rotator cuff syndrome, $12,794 for carpal tunnel syndrome (median: $4190), and $6593 for epicondylitis (median: $534). Construction and food processing were among the industries with the highest rate ratios for all disorders (> 4.0). CONCLUSIONS: Upper extremity disorders represent a large and costly problem in Washington State industry. Industries characterized by manual handling and repetitive work have high rate ratios. The contingent workforce appears to be at high risk.

Silverstein, B; Welp, E; Nelson, N; Kalat, J

1998-01-01

271

Fixed series compensation monitoring system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fixed Series Compensation (FSC) employs capacitors to compensate the inductive reactance of transmission lines, being a highly effective and economical means of improving power transfer. A Fixed Series Compensation Monitoring System has as objective the knowledge of the actual physical state of this FACTS (Flexible AC Transmission Systems) system and diagnose the evolution of components damage, so that it is

A. L. P. de Oliveira

2008-01-01

272

Deferred Compensation Becomes More Common  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A key part of the compensation package for some college and university presidents is money that they do not receive in their paychecks. Formally known as deferred compensation, such payments can take many forms, including supplemental retirement pay, severance pay, or even bonuses. With large institutions leading the way, deferred compensation has

June, Audrey Williams

2006-01-01

273

Deferred Compensation Becomes More Common  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A key part of the compensation package for some college and university presidents is money that they do not receive in their paychecks. Formally known as deferred compensation, such payments can take many forms, including supplemental retirement pay, severance pay, or even bonuses. With large institutions leading the way, deferred compensation

June, Audrey Williams

2006-01-01

274

32 CFR 536.76 - Claims not payable under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...e) and (k) do not apply to a claim arising incident to noncombat activities. (j) Claims based on strict or absolute liability and similar theories. (k) Claims payable under subparts D or J of this part, or under AR 27-20,...

2013-07-01

275

Probiotics and prebiotics: health claim substantiation.  

PubMed

'Probiotics' and 'prebiotics' by definition should have health benefits. Health claims on microorganisms proposed as probiotics and probiotic stimulating agents (prebiotics) suggest that there is a relationship between the specific food and maintaining good health or that the food can reduce the risk of a disease. The Health Claim Regulation in European Union aims at a level consumer protection. Thereby, health claim assessment focuses on defining the probiotics and prebiotics, assessing the health relationship and evaluating studies with emphasis on controlled human intervention studies. The challenges include the focus of claims for healthy populations while most intervention studies with probiotics and prebiotics have been conducted in patients or subjects at risk of specific diseases. Another challenge is the risk reduction claim, which requires demonstrated changes in biomarkers that are generally accepted as indicators of disease risk. Existing assessment opinions from EFSA illustrate the need for further research for probiotics and prebiotics in the future. PMID:23990821

Salminen, Seppo; van Loveren, Henk

2012-06-18

276

Managing moral hazard in motor vehicle accident insurance claims.  

PubMed

Motor vehicle accident (MVA) insurance in Canada is based primarily on two different compensation systems: (i) no-fault, in which policyholders are unable to seek recovery for losses caused by other parties (unless they have specified dollar or verbal thresholds) and (ii) tort, in which policyholders may seek general damages. As insurance companies pay for MVA-related health care costs, excess use of health care services may occur as a result of consumers' (accident victims) and/or producers' (health care providers) behavior - often referred to as the moral hazard of insurance. In the United States, moral hazard is greater for low dollar threshold no-fault insurance compared with tort systems. In Canada, high dollar threshold or pure no-fault versus tort systems are associated with faster patient recovery and reduced MVA claims. These findings suggest that high threshold no-fault or pure no-fault compensation systems may be associated with improved outcomes for patients and reduced moral hazard. PMID:23639998

Ebrahim, Shanil; Busse, Jason W; Guyatt, Gordon H; Birch, Stephen

2013-05-01

277

Compensating for the effect of inlet gas temperature on heated humidifier performance.  

PubMed

The humidity output of heated humidifiers may be compromised by inlet gas temperatures exceeding approximately 26 degrees C, with humidity dropping below the recommended levels for intubated patients. A new version of the Fisher & Paykel MR850 humidifier claims to deal with this problem by offering a humidity compensation option. The present study tested this feature by measuring humidity output using the gravimetric method and a hygrometer at different inlet gas temperatures (16.6 degrees C to 40.0 degrees C) with compensation on and off. It was found that the compensation is effective in maintaining humidity levels despite high inlet gas temperatures. PMID:12635396

Carter, B G; Kemp, T; Mynard, J; Hochmann, M; Osborne, A

2003-02-01

278

Insurance coverage for employment-related claims  

SciTech Connect

This article analyzes the principal coverage issues arising under CGL policies for employment-related claims. Section I discusses the bases of the duty to defend and the duty to idemnify in the key CGL policy provisions at issue, including the bodily injury and personal injury coverages. Section II examines the three provisions in CGL policies typically raised as defenses to coverage for employment-related claims and two public policy considerations that may affect claims for coverage. The duty to defend is given closer crutiny in section III. Finally, in section IV the effects of settlement on coverage are discussed. 106 refs.

Scheuermann, J.E. [Kirkpatrick & Lockhart, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

1993-12-31

279

Does diagnostic delay of colorectal cancer result in malpractice claims? A retrospective analysis of the Swedish board of malpractice from 1995-2008  

PubMed Central

Aim Delay in the diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) may have important clinical and medico-legal implications. This study identifies the claims made on the basis of delay in the diagnosis of CRC to the Swedish insurance agency (whose English name is The County Councils Mutual Insurance Company) and the impact and consequences of the delay on prognosis, treatment and survival for patients who reported the claims. The Company handles claims of medical malpractice where claimants seek compensation for alleged suffering and/or negative clinical impacts of diagnostic delays. Material and methods Between January 1, 1995 and December 31, 2008, a total of 80 patients filed claims for negative effects resulting from delays in the diagnosis of CRC. Review of the claims led to identification of delay for 62 patients. The clinical symptoms that were overlooked and other causes of delay that had any relation to therapy, prognosis and economic compensation were evaluated. Results The median delay in the diagnosis of CRC was six months. This delay was considered to have had an impact on the therapy in 20?% of the cases. The prognosis was postulated to have been adversely affected for 15?% of the patients. The delay was mainly caused by incomplete consideration of the symptoms hematoschisis or anaemia, changed bowel routine, or incomplete clinical or radiological examination and by misinterpretations of the results. No impact of duration of delay on survival was identified. The importance of identifying concomitant metastatic disease at diagnosis was overwhelming. Economic compensation was given in 79?% of the cases. Conclusion This study found that claims for compensation for delay in diagnosis of CRC are rare. The delay in the diagnosis of the primary tumour was considered to have had an impact on the magnitude of therapeutic measures for a fifth of the patients who filed claims. Economic compensation for the patients injuries was given in almost 80?% of the cases.

2012-01-01

280

Transnational Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage: Examining Changing Spatialities of Environmental Liability  

Microsoft Academic Search

The civil liability regime for ship-source oil pollution stands at the forefront of rule development for transnational environmental compensation, advancing private law remedies to enable national victims of oil spill damage to make financial claims against domestic and non-domestic tanker owners and, in certain circumstances, the global oil cargo industry. This rule formulation and implementation attests to the significance of

Michael Mason

281

Altitude compensating nozzle evaluation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Typically, the nozzle area ratio selected for booster applications is a compromise between optimum performance at lift off and optimum performance at altitude. If nozzle area ratio could be tailored for different altitudes, without significant weight increase, vehicle payload performance can be enhanced. This is particularly true for single-stage-to-orbit (SSTO) applications where the nozzle must operate both at sea level and in space. For conventional bell nozzles, altitude compensation is accomplished most effectively by varying the exit areas of the nozzle during ascent. There are two fundamental approaches to varying nozzle exit area. The first is to physically retract the aft skirt of the nozzle allowing operation at the truncated exit area; the skirt is then deployed to allow full nozzle expansion at altitude. The second approach is to design a fixed geometry nozzle to the full and final area ratio and to induce controlled and stable separation at reduced 'effective' exit areas inside the nozzle. This separation is controlled by allowing passive inflow of ambient air. As altitude increases the vent will be closed to prevent outflow of combustion products and to support expansion to a larger effective exit area. This paper summarizes the proof-of-concept evaluation and testing of a passively ventilated altitude compensating nozzle (ACN) concept. The scheme was tested on a modified RL10 under Air Force contract F04611-87-C-0069 in August 1990. This data complements an earlier Air Force ACN activity completed in the early 1970's, under Air Force contract F04611-68-C-0002. In this program the XLR-129 demonstrated significant altitude compensation performance for a two-position translating skirt.

Parsley, R. C.; Vanstelle, Kenneth J.

1992-02-01

282

Policy analysis of workplace rehabilitation policy within workers' compensation arrangements in NSW coal mines from 1987 to 1997: towards improved occupational health outcomes for injured coal miners  

Microsoft Academic Search

Workplace rehabilitation gained greater prominence as a means of both containing the costs of workers compensation claims and improving return to work outcomes for injured workers following a period of policy debate and reform from the late 1970s to the mid-1990s. As a result, rehabilitation was integrated into workers compensation arrangements throughout Australia. However, coal mines in NSW took a

Natalie Pelham

2005-01-01

283

The mix of international banks foreign claims: Determinants and implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze the cross-country determinants and financial stability implications of the mix of international banks foreign claims. We distinguish between local claims extended by host country affiliates and cross-border claims booked outside the receiving country. Using data on Italian, Spanish, and US banks foreign claims, we find that the share of local claims is driven by restrictions

Alicia Garca Herrero; Maria Soledad Martnez Pera

2007-01-01

284

18 CFR 1308.6 - Fraudulent claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2013-04-01...claims. 1308.6 Section 1308.6 Conservation of Power and Water Resources TENNESSEE...AUTHORITY CONTRACT DISPUTES General Matters § 1308.6 Fraudulent...

2013-04-01

285

43 CFR 2623.2 - Claims protected.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...by the State, proceedings with respect thereto by protest, contest, hearing, etc., will be had in the form and manner prescribed...procedure will be followed in the matter of all protests, contests, or claims filed by individuals, associations, or...

2012-10-01

286

14 CFR 1261.105 - Unallowable claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...business enterprise. (e) Articles of extraordinary value. Claims may not be allowed for valuable articles, such as cameras, watches, jewelry, furs; or other articles of extraordinary value, when shipped with household goods or as...

2012-01-01

287

32 CFR 750.43 - Claims payable.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Act, are payable under the MCA. (5) Health care and Legal Assistance Providers. Claims arising from the personal liability of DON health care and legal assistance personnel for costs, settlements, or judgments for...

2013-07-01

288

Testing a Claim of Extraterrestrial Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In December 2004, members of The SETI League, Inc. and the Invitation to ETI group were called upon to evaluate, and ultimately perform laboratory testing of, a claim of extraterrestrial electromagnetic technology present on Earth. These tests were undertaken because, although the claims were highly questionable, the claimant himself seemed reasonably credible, and a positive outcome, though unlikely, could have tremendous payoffs. The claim was rigorously tested but this produced a null result. This paper explores the initial claim, our reaction to it, the evaluation process, the observed results, lessons learned, and our conclusions. Despite the outcome, it was felt that all concerned showed great professionalism, and applied scientific rigor to a challenging situation.

Schuch, H. P.; Tough, A.

289

Advocacy Group Claims Lack of Drug Innovation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the Health Research Group claim that less than 7 percent of all new drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in recent years were considered to be important therapeutic gains. (SL)

Chemical and Engineering News, 1978

1978-01-01

290

14 CFR 1261.302 - Claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...or Loss of Property or Personal Injury or Death-Accruing On or After January 18, 1967...loss of property, or personal injury or death. A claim arises at the place where the injury, loss, or death...

2012-01-01

291

29 CFR 100.618 - Bankruptcy claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Labor NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Debt Collection Procedures...Bankruptcy claims. When the NLRB learns that a...further collection action, the NLRB will immediately seek legal advice from the NLRB's Office of...

2013-07-01

292

44 CFR 62.20 - Claims appeals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...by-laws; proof of other insurance, including homeowners or wind policies and any claim information submitted to the other...death certificates; a copy of the will; divorce decree, power of attorney; current lienholder information; current...

2012-10-01

293

14 CFR 1261.105 - Unallowable claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Money or currency. Claims may not be allowed for loss of money or currency, except when lost incident to fire, flood, hurricane, other natural disaster, or by theft from quarters (as limited by paragraph (a)). Reimbursement for loss of...

2013-01-01

294

75 FR 53331 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...to Hadohdleekaga, Incorporated, for the Native village of Hughes, Alaska, pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act...K'oyitl'ots'ina, Limited. The lands are in the vicinity of Hughes, Alaska, and are located in: Kateel River Meridian,...

2010-08-31

295

Experimental Study of Qualified Health Claims: Consumer ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... However, in Scheme 3, a B-level disclaimer has a highly significant and positive impact on this rating relative to that of an unqualified claim. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/ingredientspackaginglabeling/labelingnutrition

296

Indian Issues: Analysis of the Crow Creek Sioux and Lower Brule Sioux Tribes' Additional Compensation Claims.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

From 1946 to 1966, the government constructed the Fort Randall and Big Bend Dams as flood control projects on the Missouri River in South Dakota. The reservoirs created behind the dams flooded about 38,000 acres of the Crow Creek and Lower Brule Indian re...

2006-01-01

297

20 CFR 702.231 - Noncontroverted claims; payment of compensation without an award.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...employer furnishes to an employee a copy of an audiogram with a report thereon, which indicates the employee has sustained a hearing loss causally related to factors of that employment, the employer or insurance carrier shall pay appropriate...

2013-04-01

298

Indian Issues: Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe's Additional Compensation Claim for the Oahe Dam.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In implementing the Flood Control Act of 1944, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) constructed a number of dams on the Missouri River in North Dakota and South Dakota. The construction of the Oahe dam, located 6 miles northwest of Pierre, South Dakot...

1998-01-01

299

Consumer perceptions of nutrition and health claims  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of food products containing extra or reduced levels of specific ingredients (e.g. extra calcium) that bring particular health benefits (e.g. stronger bones) is still increasing. Nutrition- and health-related (NH) claims promoting these ingredient levels and their health benefit differ in terms of the (legal) strength with which the claim is brought forward and the specific wording of the

Hans C. M. van Trijp; Ivo A. van der Lans

2007-01-01

300

Health claim evidence requirements in Japan.  

PubMed

In the early 1980s the Japanese scientific academy defined a functional food as a food having a tertiary or physiologically active function. The current Japanese "Food with Health Claims" include 2 categories. For the first category, "Food with Nutrient Function Claims," the label may be freely used if a product satisfies the standard for the minimum and maximum levels per daily portion usually consumed. The second category is defined as "Food for Specified Health Uses" (FOSHU). FOSHU foods are those that contain dietary ingredients that have beneficial effects on the physiological functions of the human body, maintain and promote health, and improve health-related conditions. Health claims on these foods correspond to the category of "other" function claims of the Codex Alimentarius. However, claims of disease-risk reduction are not currently allowed under FOSHU with an exception for calcium and folic acid. Manufacturers can emphasize the characteristics of their products and promote sales by labeling or claims. Therefore, the labeling should be clear and correct and avoid any chance of misinterpretation. The labeling of health claims on foods should always be based on scientific evidence. Any manufacturer who applies to the government for approval under the FOSHU code for its product must tabulate both published available publications and internal reports on the effectiveness of the product and/or its ingredients and provide a summary of each available publication or report. The tabulation must include in vitro metabolic and biochemical studies, in vivo studies, and randomized controlled trials on Japanese people. The overall philosophy of the Ministry is to maintain and improve the health status of people and to prevent chronic noncommunicable diseases through an approach that involves a well-balanced diet as well as through the use of "health foods" including "Food with Health Claims." PMID:18492856

Yamada, Kazuhiko; Sato-Mito, Natsuko; Nagata, Junichi; Umegaki, Keizo

2008-06-01

301

Malpractice Claims Involving Pediatricians: Epidemiology and Etiology  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE.Our goals were to examine malpractice claims data that are specific to the specialty of pediatrics and to provide a better understanding of the effect that malpractice has on this specialty. METHODS.The Physician Insurers Association of America is a trade association of medical malpractice insurance companies. The data contained in its data-sharing project represent 25% of the medical malpractice claims

Aaron E. Carroll; Jennifer L. Buddenbaum

302

Opportunistic customer claiming during service recovery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although a potentially significant issue to managers and academics alike, opportunistic customer behavior in the service recovery\\u000a context has been largely ignored. A multi-stage research program, comprising actual customer claims (Study 1), in depth customer\\u000a interviews (Study 2) and three experimental studies (Studies 3, 4, 5), explored opportunistic customer claiming behavior during\\u000a service recovery and yielded robust findings across methods,

Jochen Wirtz; Janet R. McColl-Kennedy

2010-01-01

303

Claims about religious involvement and health outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Claims about religion, spirituality, and health have recently appeared with increasing frequency, in both the popular media\\u000a and professional journals. These claims have asserted that there are a great many studies in the literature that have examined\\u000a relations between religious involvement and health outcomes and that the majority of them have shown that religious people\\u000a are healthier. We examined the

Richard P. Sloan; Emilia Bagiella

2002-01-01

304

Securing insurance coverage for EMF claims  

SciTech Connect

When confronted with lawsuits resulting from EMF-related claims, utilities must aggressively work to ensure that they receive the full protection and defense due them by their insurance companies. Within the last two years, electric utilities have been increasingly subject to claims alleging that plaintiffs have suffered bodily injury as a result of exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF) and that this exposure has caused everything from emotional distress to cancer. The plaintiffs generally claim that EMF exposure has also caused property damage - usually in the fourth of a reduction in the value of their residence. Claims have also been made on the grounds that EMF constitutes a tresspass and nuisance, which has prevented plaintiffs from using their property to the fullest extent. While utilities may debate the degree of harm, if any, caused by exposure to EMF, one thing is certain: The current EMF claims are only the tip of the iceberg and are not likely to dissipate any time soon. As a result, utilities must example their insurance coverage to determine whether any existing or future EMF claims are covered under the company's policies. Such insurance would most likely help pay for the cost of defending against EMF lawsuits and indemnify the company if any liability is assessed.

Meyer, K.A. (Paul, Hatings, Janofsky Walker, Los Angeles, CA (United States))

1992-02-15

305

Employee Compensation in Entrepreneurial Companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the central role played by human capital in entrepreneurship, little is known about how employees in entrepreneurial firms are compensated and incentivized. We address this gap in the literature by studying 18,935 non-CEO compensation contracts across 1,809 privately-held venture-backed companies. Our key finding is that employee compensation varies with the degree to which VCs versus founders control the business.

Ola Bengtsson; John R. M. Hand

2012-01-01

306

Executive Compensation in American Unions  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Excerpt] Studying compensation in the non-profit sector is difficult. In non-profit organizations, it is not always clear what the objectives of the organization are and, therefore, perhaps even more difficult to consider how to compensate managers. This paper investigates the determinants of executive compensation of leaders of American labor unions. We use panel data on more than 75,000 organization-years of

Kevin F Hallock; Felice Klein

2009-01-01

307

9 CFR 50.12 - Claims for indemnity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...LIVESTOCK OR POULTRY DISEASES ANIMALS DESTROYED BECAUSE OF TUBERCULOSIS General Indemnity § 50.12 Claims for indemnity...Claims for Federal indemnity for livestock destroyed because of tuberculosis shall be presented on indemnity claim forms...

2013-01-01

308

43 CFR 3862.1 - Lode claim patent applications: General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Lode claim patent applications: General. 3862.1 Section...INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) MINERAL PATENT APPLICATIONS Lode Mining Claim Patent Applications § 3862.1 Lode claim...

2012-10-01

309

49 CFR 378.5 - Investigation of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Investigation of claims. 378.5 Section 378...PROCEDURES GOVERNING THE PROCESSING, INVESTIGATION, AND DISPOSITION OF OVERCHARGE...OVERCOLLECTION CLAIMS § 378.5 Investigation of claims. (a) Upon...

2011-10-01

310

49 CFR 378.5 - Investigation of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Investigation of claims. 378.5 Section 378...PROCEDURES GOVERNING THE PROCESSING, INVESTIGATION, AND DISPOSITION OF OVERCHARGE...OVERCOLLECTION CLAIMS § 378.5 Investigation of claims. (a) Upon...

2012-10-01

311

37 CFR 360.14 - Copies of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Copies of claims. 360.14 Section 360.14 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT ROYALTY BOARD, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS SUBMISSION OF ROYALTY CLAIMS FILING OF CLAIMS TO ROYALTY FEES COLLECTED UNDER COMPULSORY LICENSE...

2013-07-01

312

21 CFR 101.14 - Health claims: general requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Health claims: general requirements. 101.14 Section 101.14...General Provisions § 101.14 Health claims: general requirements...in accordance with § 101.36. (e) Prohibited health claims. No...

2013-04-01

313

45 CFR 158.160 - Other non-claims costs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...non-claims costs. 158.160...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES...RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS ISSUER...non-claims costs. (a) General...that improve health care quality, and...Non-claims costs other than...

2011-10-01

314

42 CFR 60.40 - Procedures for filing claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...following requirements for the filing of default, death, disability, and bankruptcy claims: (1...the loan is owned by the Secretary. (2) Death claims. A lender or holder must file a death claim with the Secretary within 30 days...

2011-10-01

315

48 CFR 227.7003 - Claims for copyright infringement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Claims for copyright infringement. 227.7003 Section...REQUIREMENTS PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS Infringement Claims, Licenses...Assignments 227.7003 Claims for copyright infringement. The...

2012-10-01

316

37 CFR 360.25 - Copies of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OF CLAIMS TO ROYALTY FEES COLLECTED UNDER COMPULSORY LICENSE Digital Audio Recording Devices and Media Royalty Claims § 360...delivery or by mail, file an original and one copy of the claim to digital audio recording devices and media royalty...

2013-07-01

317

24 CFR 266.630 - Partial payment of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...file for an initial claim payment under § 266.628. ...application for a partial claim payment: (1) The amount...of the unpaid principal balance; (ii) The relief resulting from the partial claim payment when considered with...

2013-04-01

318

42 CFR 431.972 - Claims sampling procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Claims sampling procedures. (a) Claims universe. (1) The PERM claims universe includes payments that were originally...establish controls to ensure FFS and managed care universes are accurate and complete, including...

2012-10-01

319

20 CFR 321.2 - Filing claims for benefits electronically.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...321.2 Filing claims for benefits electronically. (a) Electronic filing. A claim for benefits under the Railroad Unemployment...electronically through the Board's Internet Web site, http://www...electronically. A claim for benefits under the Railroad...

2013-04-01

320

20 CFR 321.2 - Filing claims for benefits electronically.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...321.2 Filing claims for benefits electronically. (a) Electronic filing. A claim for benefits under the Railroad Unemployment...electronically through the Board's Internet Web site, http://www...electronically. A claim for benefits under the Railroad...

2009-04-01

321

20 CFR 321.2 - Filing claims for benefits electronically.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...321.2 Filing claims for benefits electronically. (a) Electronic filing. A claim for benefits under the Railroad Unemployment...electronically through the Board's Internet Web site, http://www...electronically. A claim for benefits under the Railroad...

2010-04-01

322

13 CFR 115.70 - Claims for reimbursement of Losses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...BOND GUARANTEE Preferred Surety Bond (PSB) Guarantees § 115.70 Claims for... (a) How claims are submitted. A PSB Surety must submit claims for reimbursement... (b) Surety responsibilities. The PSB Surety must take all necessary...

2009-01-01

323

42 CFR 431.972 - Claims sampling procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Claims sampling procedures. (a) Claims universe. (1) The PERM claims universe includes payments that were originally...establish controls to ensure FFS and managed care universes are accurate and complete, including...

2010-10-01

324

27 CFR 26.173 - Claims for drawback.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ALCOHOL LIQUORS AND ARTICLES FROM PUERTO RICO AND THE VIRGIN ISLANDS Claims for Drawback on Eligible Articles From Puerto Rico § 26.173 Claims for drawback...articles into the United States from Puerto Rico must file claim for...

2013-04-01

325

Guidance for Industry: Notification of a Health Claim or ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

Notification of a Health Claim or Nutrient Content Claim Based on an Authoritative Statement of a Scientific Body. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/guidanceregulation/guidancedocumentsregulatoryinformation

326

Motion compensated projection reconstruction.  

PubMed

Over recent years, MRI has shown the capability for real-time applications. Although the acquisition times of fast MRI methods have been reduced significantly, patient motion during a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination still causes artifacts in the image. In this paper, the effects of motion in MRI using a radial acquisition scheme are examined. It is shown that motion can be estimated without the use of additional measurement, based on the acquired projections only. A new reconstruction technique is introduced that integrates a motion compensation algorithm into the MR-reconstruction process, resulting in a significant reduction of blurring artifacts in the reconstructed images. The proposed method is applied to different kinds of motion such as kinetic joint studies. PMID:10332879

Schffter, T; Rasche, V; Carlsen, I C

1999-05-01

327

Temperature compensated photovoltaic array  

DOEpatents

A temperature compensated photovoltaic module comprises a series of solar cells having a thermally activated switch connected in parallel with several of the cells. The photovoltaic module is adapted to charge conventional batteries having a temperature coefficient differing from the temperature coefficient of the module. The calibration temperatures of the switches are chosen whereby the colder the ambient temperature for the module, the more switches that are on and form a closed circuit to short the associated solar cells. By shorting some of the solar cells as the ambient temperature decreases, the battery being charged by the module is not excessively overcharged at lower temperatures. PV module is an integrated solution that is reliable and inexpensive. 2 figs.

Mosher, D.M.

1997-11-18

328

Prevalence and predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder among victims of violence applying for state compensation.  

PubMed

Many studies have focused on the predictive value of victims' emotions experienced shortly after violence exposure to identify those vulnerable for development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, many victims remain unidentified during the initial recovery phase, yet may still be highly in need of psychological help after substantial time since victimization has passed. Professionals involved in the settlement of civil damage claims filed by victims of violence may play an important role in referring victims with current psychological problems to appropriate treatment services, as they are likely to maintain relations with victims until all compensation possibilities have been exhausted. As an exploratory examination of this topic, the current study investigates the potential utility of file characteristics as predictors of chronic PTSD among 686 victims of violence who had applied for state compensation with the Dutch Victim Compensation Fund (DVCF) in 2006. Identification of significant predictors is preceded by estimating prevalence rates of PTSD. Results indicate that approximately 1 of 2 victims applying for state compensation in the Netherlands still have PTSD many years after victimization and claim settlement. Age, female sex, time since victimization, acquaintance with the perpetrator, violence-related hospitalization, and compensation for immaterial damage prove to be predictive of PTSD, although female sex and immaterial damage compensation fail to reach significance after adjusting for recalled peritraumatic distress severity. Implications for policy practice as well as strengths and limitations of the study are discussed. PMID:20501900

Kunst, Maarten; Winkel, Frans Willem; Bogaerts, Stefan

2010-05-25

329

Compensation: The Impact of Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Complexity of employee compensation policy is examined as it applies to colleges and universities. It is argued that sound compensation policy helps the institution attract and retain qualified, skilled employees. New approaches that shift the focus from job to employee are outlined, and their implications for institutions of higher education are

Morrell, Louis R.

1994-01-01

330

Changing Conceptions of Employee Compensation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews and discusses many differing forms of incentive compensation systems that are being used in today's organizations. The review traces the roots of bonus compensation from individual piece-work plans through the adoption of organization-wide gain sharing plans to the growing recognition of open-book management. Reasons for the

Dixon, Mark R.; Hayes, Linda J.

2004-01-01

331

Share Repurchases and Employee Compensation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the agency problem derived from the conict of interest between employees and shareholders. I show that if employees are compensated with restricted stock or stock options, shareholders may engage in opportunistic share repurchases. Equityholders have an incentive to buy back stock after employment contracts have been signed because repurchases increase compensation sensitivity to rm cash ows

Ilona Babenko

2005-01-01

332

Executive compensation and dividend policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the use of dividend provisions in executive compensation contracts to influence dividend policy. A sample is constructed with the largest companies in the oil and gas, defense\\/aerospace and food processing industries, where dividend-related agency costs are expected to be high. The results indicate that the existence of a dividend incentive in the compensation plan is positively associated

Lourdes Ferreira White

1996-01-01

333

Negotiating a fair compensation package.  

PubMed

At the end of the day, compensation packages must be fair for both you and your employer. Employers should conduct an economic analysis to determine what they can afford to offer and calculate the economic return that they should rightfully receive. Understanding the employer's side of the equation is equally important in developing a win/win compensation package for yourself. PMID:16001883

Snyder, Thomas L

2005-01-01

334

Executive Compensation: Six Questions that Need Answering  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we focus on how recent research advances can be used to address the following six questions: (1) How much does executive compensation cost the firm? (2) How much is executive compensation worth to the recipient? (3) How well does executive compensation work? (4) What are the effects of executive compensation? (5) How much executive compensation is enough?

John M. Abowd; David S. Kaplan

1999-01-01

335

77 FR 22236 - Administrative Claims Under the Federal Tort Claims Act and Related Statutes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...filing no longer exists or as war or armed conflict ends, whichever...claim otherwise accrues during war or an armed conflict or has accrued within 2 years before war or an armed conflict begins...Sec. 15.204 Are there limits on claims under the MPCECA?...

2012-04-13

336

77 FR 22204 - Administrative Claims Under the Federal Tort Claims Act and Related Statutes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...filing no longer exists or as war or armed conflict ends, whichever...claim otherwise accrues during war or an armed conflict or has accrued within 2 years before war or an armed conflict begins...Sec. 15.204 Are there limits on claims under the MPCECA?...

2012-04-13

337

31 CFR 535.222 - Suspension of claims eligible for Claims Tribunal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...States Claims Tribunal under the terms of Article II of the Declaration of the Government of the Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria Concerning the Settlement of Claims by the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the...

2013-07-01

338

Hedging contingent claims on defaultable assets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Following the JLT model (Jarrow, Lando and Turnbull), this paper represents a defaultable asset as a continuous stochastic process plus a Poisson jump modelling the bankruptcy event. It is shown that if the recovery condition is known beforehand, a contingent claim can be hedged by a position in the defaultable asset and a risk-free instrument. In addition, the claim must satisfy a jump-diffusion equation and a risk-neutral representation is obtained using this equation. Examples include the price of a risky zero-coupon bond with a fixed recovery value and the prices of risky Call/Put options on corporate instruments (instrument terminates upon default). .

Beumee, Johan G. B.

2001-02-01

339

Redesigning reservoir compensation releases for ecological beenfit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

River regulation is commonplace in England and much of the UK. Regulation for the purposes of public water supply causes flows downstream of a reservoir to be attenuated and the flow regime of the channel to be altered. The impact of channel impoundment on a small, upland UK river, has been assessed and methods for mitigation of ecological impacts explored. The method utilised a unique macroinvertebrate data set for pre- and post-impoundment periods to quantify the impact of Derwent Reservoir and the steady, continuous compensation release into the River Derwent, Northumberland. Impacts on the hydrological regime were also investigated and links drawn between changes in flow regime and changes in macroinvertebrate richness and diversity as a result of impoundment. In response to the claim that the impoundment has caused a change in flow regime and had deleterious effects on fish and macroinvertebrates, a compensation redesign tool (CRAB: Compensation Release Assessment at the Broad scale) was employed to design new compensation release regimes from the reservoir which account for the seasonal flow requirements of a number of key fish species. The impact of impoundment on the current flow regime was modelled and the impacts of predicted new regimes were predicted, using a 1D hydrodynamic model (HEC-RAS), as part of a modelling process known as CRAM (Compensation Release Assessment at the Meso-scale). Depth and velocity were the foci of the analysis as they are the two habitat requirements most well documented for the fish species in question, they could be modelled using HEC-RAS and they can act as surrogates for other habitat parameters such as temperature and substrate. The suitability of the depth and velocity combinations predicted using the HEC-RAS model were assessed using fuzzy-rule based modelling, which allowed the habitat quality of a given parameter combination to be quantified. Based on the results of the investigation it was concluded that there has been a change in flow regime and in ecological community structure since impoundment. The flow regime of the River Derwent has become less flashy with fewer extreme events, while macroinvertebrate richness and diversity have increased. The new flow regimes that were designed by CRAB, based on the depth and velocity requirements of brown trout, grayling and Atlantic salmon were predicted through CRAM to have minimal benefits for the fish populations of the River Derwent and it was concluded that no changes to flow regime should be made based solely on the assessment of habitat for fish. Impacts for the macroinvertebrate communities must also be considered as well as the impacts on other aspects of fish habitat including temperature, substrate and cover. A more detailed, micro-scale investigation into the effects of changing flow regime would be required to warrant a change in compensation release regime from Derwent Reservoir.

Maynard, Carly

2010-05-01

340

49 CFR 1021.4 - Notice of claim and demand.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...mailing a letter of notice of claim and demand to the debtor. Such letter will state the statutory basis for the claim, a brief resume of the factual basis for the claim, the amount of the claim, and indicate the availability of the designee or his personal...

2012-10-01

341

Transaction Costs and the Value of Mining Claims  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the relationship between transaction costs and the value of full title to mining claims staked under the 1872 Mining Law. Miners can either acquire full title to their claims (known as a mineral patent) or mine unpatented claims. The costs of enforcing claim rights is lower when the claimant holds full title, but the patenting process is

David Gerard

2001-01-01

342

Consumer reactions to different health claim formats on food labels  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health claims on foods act as health messages and have a role in communicating and educating the consumer about diet-disease related issues. Previous studies have suggested that different formats of health claims communicate differently with the consumer. The aim of our study was to investigate whether splitting of the claim (a brief claim at the front package directing consumers to

L. Singer; P. G. Williams; L. Ridges; S. Murray; A. McMahon

2006-01-01

343

28 CFR 801.3 - Processing the claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Processing the claim. (a) Will CSOSA/PSA contact you about your claim? (1...filing date (that is, the date CSOSA/PSA received your claim) and the assigned...correspondence you may have with CSOSA/PSA on the claim. (2) If you have...

2009-07-01

344

28 CFR 801.3 - Processing the claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Processing the claim. (a) Will CSOSA/PSA contact you about your claim? (1...filing date (that is, the date CSOSA/PSA received your claim) and the assigned...correspondence you may have with CSOSA/PSA on the claim. (2) If you have...

2010-07-01

345

28 CFR 801.3 - Processing the claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Processing the claim. (a) Will CSOSA/PSA contact you about your claim? (1...filing date (that is, the date CSOSA/PSA received your claim) and the assigned...correspondence you may have with CSOSA/PSA on the claim. (2) If you have...

2013-07-01

346

27 CFR 17.144 - Bond for monthly claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Bond for monthly claims. 17.144...Claims for Drawback § 17.144 Bond for monthly claims. Each person intending to file claims for...basis shall file an executed bond on TTB Form 5154.3,...

2013-04-01

347

32 CFR 536.6 - The Army claims mission.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false The Army claims mission. 536.6 Section 536...Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY CLAIMS AND ACCOUNTS CLAIMS AGAINST THE UNITED STATES The Army Claims System § 536.6 The Army...

2013-07-01

348

16 CFR 260.10 - Non-toxic claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Non-toxic claims. 260.10 Section 260.10...ENVIRONMENTAL MARKETING CLAIMS § 260.10 Non-toxic claims. (a) It is deceptive to...product, package, or service is non-toxic. Non-toxic claims should be...

2013-01-01

349

Compensated pulsed alternator  

DOEpatents

This invention relates to an electromechanical energy converter with inertial energy storage. The device, a single phase, two or multi-pole alternator with stationary field coils, and a rotating armature is provided. The rotor itself may be of laminated steel for slower pulses or for faster pulses should be nonmagnetic and electrically nonconductive in order to allow rapid penetration of the field as the armature coil rotates. The armature coil comprises a plurality of power generating conductors mounted on the rotor. The alternator may also include a stationary or counterrotating compensating coil to increase the output voltage thereof and to reduce the internal impedance of the alternator at the moment of peak outout. As the machine voltage rises sinusoidally, an external trigger switch is adapted to be closed at the appropriate time to create the desired output current from said alternator to an external load circuit, and as the output current passes through zero a self-commutating effect is provided to allow the switch to disconnect the generator from the external circuit.

Weldon, William F. (Austin, TX); Driga, Mircea D. (Austin, TX); Woodson, Herbert H. (Austin, TX)

1980-01-01

350

75 FR 22679 - Sound Incentive Compensation Guidance  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Office of Thrift Supervision Sound Incentive Compensation Guidance...collection; c. Ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the...collection. Title of Proposal: Sound Incentive Compensation Guidance...consistent with the Principles for Sound Compensation Practices...

2010-04-29

351

75 FR 53023 - Sound Incentive Compensation Guidance  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Office of Thrift Supervision Sound Incentive Compensation Guidance...collection; c. Ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the...collection. Title of Proposal: Sound Incentive Compensation Guidance...consistent with the Principles for Sound Compensation Practices...

2010-08-30

352

Radiation compensator for gas sensors  

SciTech Connect

A compensator device for providing direct and automatic correction of electrolytic gas sensor performance anomalies caused by exposure of the sensor to high levels of ionizing radiation. The compensator device, which compensates for changes in sensor performance while operating in a radiation field, provides an electromotive force which directly cancels that portion of the electromotive force developed by the active electrolytic gas sensor produced by the radiation rather than by presence of the gas. The compensating device is constructed in the same configuration as the active electrolytic sensor with the exception that the sensing electrode of the compensating device is not exposed to the sample gas environment. The sensor and compensator device are connected in a circuit such that their electromotive forces oppose one another, thereby determining the difference between the signals so that the radiation induced component is removed, and only the signal representing the partial pressure of gas remains. An alternate embodiment wherein the compensating signal is generated within the same sensor housing by the addition of one more electrode is also disclosed.

Rudek, F.

1985-02-05

353

No-fault vaccine insurance: lessons from the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program.  

PubMed

During the first eight years of the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (NVICP), 786 contested claims were resolved through published judicial opinions. The likelihood of compensation dependent in part on the closeness of the match between the described injury and a specified list of acknowledged untoward vaccine side effects. In addition, the chances of applicant success were influenced by the applicant's choice of attorney and expert witnesses, by the assignment of the Special Master to decide the case, and increasingly over time, by the applicant's ability to comply with procedural requirements. The majority of contested claims arose from pertussis immunizations. For pertussis claims, the goal of insulating manufacturers from product liability suits has been achieved by granting compensation to applicants whose injuries are not scientifically recognized effects of the vaccine. In spite of (or because of) this jarring contradiction between the legal and medical understanding of causation, vaccine availability and childhood immunization rates improved during the early years of the plan. The apparent success of the program may encourage the substitution of no-fault compensation plans for tort-based consumer protection for other products, both medical and nonmedical. PMID:10342255

Ridgway, D

1999-02-01

354

Quadratic Hedging Methods for Defaultable Claims  

SciTech Connect

We apply the local risk-minimization approach to defaultable claims and we compare it with intensity-based evaluation formulas and the mean-variance hedging. We solve analytically the problem of finding respectively the hedging strategy and the associated portfolio for the three methods in the case of a default put option with random recovery at maturity.

Biagini, Francesca [LMU, Department of Mathematics (Germany)], E-mail: biagini@math.lmu.de; Cretarola, Alessandra [Luiss-Guido Carli University, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche ed Aziendali (DPTEA) (Italy)], E-mail: acretarola@luiss.it

2007-12-15

355

Advertising Claims, Expectation Fulfillment and Product Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consumerism movements like Truth in Advertising have prompted formulation of legal and other public policy measures to regulate deceptive advertising. While a great deal of effort has gone into evolving mechanisms to protect consumers from deceptive advertising. Surprisingly little systemative attempts have been made to investigate whether exaggerated and false advertising claims are at all useful for the marketer in

Bhandari L C

356

Must Metaethical Realism Make a Semantic Claim?  

PubMed

Mackie drew attention to the distinct semantic and metaphysical claims made by meta ethical realists, arguing that although our evaluative discourse is cognitive and objective, there are no objective evaluative facts. This distinction, however, also opens up a reverse possibility: that our evaluative discourse is antirealist, yet objective values do exist. I suggest that this seemingly far-fetched possibility merits serious attention; realism seems com mitted to its intelligibility, and, despite appearances, it isn't incoherent, ineffable, inherently implausible or impossible to defend. I argue that reflection on this possibility should lead us to revise our understanding of the debate between realists and antirealists. It is not only that the realist's semantic claim is insufficient for realism to be true, as Mackie argued; it's not even necessary. Robust metaethical realism is best understood as making a purely metaphysical claim. It is thus not enough for antirealists to show that our discourse is antirealist. They must directly attack the realist's metaphysical claim. PMID:23525148

Kahane, Guy

2013-02-01

357

Patent claim decomposition for improved information extraction  

Microsoft Academic Search

In several application domains research in natural language processing and information extraction has spawned valuable tools that support humans in structuring, aggregating and managing large amounts of information available as text. Patent claims, although subject to a number of rigid constraints and therefore forced into foreseeable structures, are written in a language even good parsing algorithms tend to fail miserably

Peter Parapatics; Michael Dittenbach

2009-01-01

358

Nutritional claims for functional foods and supplements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Food labels are an important educational tool to assist consumers in making healthy food choices. In addition to mandatory nutritional labeling information, manufacturers have a variety of options on the food\\/supplement packages to communicate the nutrition\\/health benefits of their products. This paper describes the different types of claims that can be made for foods and supplements.

Sanjiv Agarwal; Stein Hordvik; Sandra Morar

2006-01-01

359

76 FR 14684 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...north of Koyuk, Alaska, and aggregate 4.86 acres. Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Nome Nugget. DATES: Any party claiming a property interest in the lands affected by the decision may appeal the decision within the...

2011-03-17

360

Immunizing Arbitrators from Claims for Equitable Relief  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article begins with a summary of the historical origins of the judicial and arbitral immunity doctrines. Next, the article discusses the courts' refusal to extend judicial immunity to claims for declaratory, injunctive, or other equitable relief, except perhaps in the case of federal judges. The article then explores the propriety of recognizing a similar limitation in cases construing the

Michael D. Moberly

2012-01-01

361

The EFSA health claims 'learning experience'.  

PubMed

The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has recently highlighted the need to provide scientific requirements for health claims and to find new regulatory issues for healthy food products. For this reason, EFSA asked its Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA) panel to draft additional guidelines on scientific assessment of these claims. A new approach for a strict substantiation of health issues in selected fields: the Regulation (EC) No. 1924/2006 established in fact that health claims applications should only be authorized after a high level of scientific validation conducted by EFSA using appropriate measures in this evaluation. The legislation should not only protect consumers but also define specific research areas with appropriate outcome measures to assess the quality, relevance and adequacy of studies conducted for scientific validation of health claims. The new system was not only a necessary support for consumers to make the correct choice of products, but rather a way for EFSA to demonstrate transparency of this new approach. This was the field of the pharmaceutical industry, this new regulation is, therefore, also for EFSA, an expensive learning process. PMID:22087565

Vero, Vittoria; Gasbarrini, Antonio

2011-11-16

362

75 FR 2155 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...approximately 7,665 acres. Aggregating approximately 77,947 acres. Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Tundra Drums. DATES: The time limits for filing an appeal are: 1. Any party claiming a property interest which is adversely...

2010-01-14

363

76 FR 34248 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Containing 640 acres. Aggregating approximately 6,710 acres. Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Tundra Drums. DATES: Any party claiming a property interest in the lands affected by the decision may appeal the decision...

2011-06-13

364

76 FR 40929 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...R. 89 W., Sec. 18. Containing approximately 80 acres. Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Tundra Drums. DATES: Any party claiming a property interest in the lands affected by the decision may appeal the decision...

2011-07-12

365

76 FR 43340 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2,596.82 acres. Total Aggregating 4,516.82 acres. Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Tundra Drums. DATES: Any party claiming a property interest in the lands affected by the decision may appeal the decision...

2011-07-20

366

75 FR 2155 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...approximately 8,477 acres. Aggregating approximately 52,379 acres. Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Tundra Drums. DATES: The time limits for filing an appeal are: 1. Any party claiming a property interest which is adversely...

2010-01-14

367

75 FR 38537 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...vicinity of Manley Hot Springs, Alaska, and are located in: Fairbanks Meridian, Alaska T. 1 N, R. 15 W., Secs. 1 and 12...Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Fairbanks Daily News-Miner. DATES: Any party claiming a...

2010-07-02

368

75 FR 69457 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...are in the vicinity of Eagle, Alaska, and are located in: Fairbanks Meridian, Alaska T. 1 S., R. 31 E., Sec. 36. Containing...Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Fairbanks Daily News-Miner. DATES: Any party claiming a...

2010-11-12

369

5 CFR 180.107 - Claims procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Measures taken to protect the property; and (6) Whether the claimant...theft or robbery. Claims for property loss by theft or robbery should...including evidence of the crime such as breaking and entering...due care in protecting the property prior to the loss,...

2013-01-01

370

44 CFR 11.76 - Claims procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Measures taken to protect the property; and (6) Whether the claimant...theft or robbery. Claims for property loss by theft or robbery should...including evidence of the crime such as breaking and entering...due care in protecting the property prior to the loss,...

2012-10-01

371

Must Metaethical Realism Make a Semantic Claim?  

PubMed Central

Mackie drew attention to the distinct semantic and metaphysical claims made by meta ethical realists, arguing that although our evaluative discourse is cognitive and objective, there are no objective evaluative facts. This distinction, however, also opens up a reverse possibility: that our evaluative discourse is antirealist, yet objective values do exist. I suggest that this seemingly far-fetched possibility merits serious attention; realism seems com mitted to its intelligibility, and, despite appearances, it isnt incoherent, ineffable, inherently implausible or impossible to defend. I argue that reflection on this possibility should lead us to revise our understanding of the debate between realists and antirealists. It is not only that the realists semantic claim is insufficient for realism to be true, as Mackie argued; its not even necessary. Robust metaethical realism is best understood as making a purely metaphysical claim. It is thus not enough for antirealists to show that our discourse is antirealist. They must directly attack the realists metaphysical claim.

Kahane, Guy

2012-01-01

372

76 FR 45604 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Sheldon Point, Alaska, and contain 20.55 acres. Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Anchorage Daily News. DATES: Any party claiming a property interest in the lands affected by the decision may appeal the decision...

2011-07-29

373

75 FR 65644 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Adak, Alaska, aggregating 191.31 acres. Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Anchorage Daily News. DATES: Any party claiming a property interest in the lands affected by the decision may appeal the decision...

2010-10-26

374

32 CFR 536.2 - Claims authorities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Recovery Act (FMCRA), 42 U.S.C. 2651-2653. (iii) Collection from third-party payers of reasonable costs of healthcare services, 10 U.S.C. 1095. (b) Fund source authority for claims under Title 10 statutes. 10 U.S.C....

2013-07-01

375

The Legal Standard for Employment Discrimination Claims.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Hicks," the Supreme Court handed down an opinion that rewrites the legal standard in deciding intentional discrimination claims under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Provides a brief background of intentional discrimination; summarizes the Court's opinion, that clearly tilts the balance in favor of employers, and the dissent; and

Allred, Stephen

1994-01-01

376

45 CFR 504.1 - Claim defined.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...claims that may arise on behalf of survivors of deceased civilians and military veterans who had been listed as missing during the Vietnam conflict but were subsequently determined to have been interned, in hiding, or captured by a hostile force in...

2012-10-01

377

45 CFR 504.1 - Claim defined.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...claims that may arise on behalf of survivors of deceased civilians and military veterans who had been listed as missing during the Vietnam conflict but were subsequently determined to have been interned, in hiding, or captured by a hostile force in...

2011-10-01

378

Mental Anguish Claims in Medical Malpractice Cases.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Claims alleging mental anguish are becoming more common in medical malpractice actions. The reasons for this trend are not readily apparent. One factor may be that, although mental anguish is more difficult to prove than physical injury, the amount of mon...

J. G. Zimmerly W. A. Oleniewski

1973-01-01

379

76 FR 53151 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...below pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.). The lands are in the vicinity of Hughes, Alaska, and are located in: Kateel River Meridian, Alaska T. 7 N., R. 21 E., Secs. 24 and 25. Containing...

2011-08-25

380

78 FR 49763 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SUMMARY: As required by 43 CFR 2650.7(d), notice is hereby given...the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601, et seq). The subsurface...decision in accordance with the requirements of 43 CFR part 4 within the following time...

2013-08-15

381

78 FR 35047 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SUMMARY: As required by 43 CFR 2650.7(d), notice is hereby given...the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601, et seq.). The subsurface...decision in accordance with the requirements of 43 CFR part 4 within the following time...

2013-06-11

382

78 FR 57411 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SUMMARY: As required by 43 CFR 2650.7(d), notice is hereby given...the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601, et seq.). The subsurface...decision in accordance with the requirements of 43 CFR part 4 within the following time...

2013-09-18

383

78 FR 54481 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SUMMARY: As required by 43 CFR 2650.7(d), notice is hereby given...the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601, et seq.). The subsurface...decision in accordance with the requirements of 43 CFR part 4 within the following time...

2013-09-04

384

78 FR 42543 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SUMMARY: As required by 43 CFR 2650.7(d), notice is hereby given...the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601, et seq.). The subsurface...decision in accordance with the requirements of 43 CFR part 4 within the following time...

2013-07-16

385

76 FR 81524 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SUMMARY: As required by 43 CFR 2650.7(d), notice is hereby given...the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601, et seq). The lands...appeal in accordance with the requirements of 43 CFR part 4, subpart E, shall be...

2011-12-28

386

78 FR 7807 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SUMMARY: As required by 43 CFR 2650.7(d), notice is hereby given...the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601, et seq). The subsurface...decision in accordance with the requirements of 43 CFR part 4 within the following time...

2013-02-04

387

78 FR 26064 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SUMMARY: As required by 43 CFR 2650.7(d), notice is hereby given...the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601, et seq). The subsurface...decision in accordance with the requirements of 43 CFR part 4 within the following time...

2013-05-03

388

78 FR 8581 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SUMMARY: As required by 43 CFR 2650.7(d), notice is hereby given...the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601, et seq). The subsurface...decision in accordance with the requirements of 43 CFR part 4 within the following time...

2013-02-06

389

78 FR 10634 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SUMMARY: As required by 43 CFR 2650.7(d), notice is hereby given...the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601, et seq.). The subsurface...in: Copper River Meridian, Alaska T. 43 S., R. 62 E., Sec. 33....

2013-02-14

390

Managing Same-Sex Sexual Harassment Claims.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines three cases of same-sex sexual harassment claims recognized by the courts under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, including both heterosexual and homosexual incidents involving men and women. Focus is on common threads in the three cases, arguments of the traditional courts, and college and university management of same-sex

Whitehead, Roy, Jr.; Gillis, Graham

1997-01-01

391

75 FR 41511 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Management (BLM) will issue an appealable decision approving the conveyance of surface and subsurface estates for certain lands to Cook Inlet Region, Inc., pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act and the Act of January 2, 1976. The lands are...

2010-07-16

392

75 FR 57493 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Eklutna, Inc., pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act. The subsurface estate in these lands will be conveyed to Cook Inlet Region, Inc. when the surface estate is conveyed to Eklutna, Inc. The lands are in the vicinity of Birchwood,...

2010-09-21

393

29 CFR 20.23 - Examination of records relating to the claim; opportunity for full explanation of the claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Examination of records relating to the claim; opportunity for full explanation of the claim. 20.23 Section 20.23 Labor...Examination of records relating to the claim; opportunity for full explanation of the claim. Following receipt of the...

2013-07-01

394

29 CFR 20.79 - Examination of records relating to the claim; opportunity for full explanation of the claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Examination of records relating to the claim; opportunity for full explanation of the claim. 20.79 Section 20.79 Labor...Examination of records relating to the claim; opportunity for full explanation of the claim. Following receipt of the...

2013-07-01

395

29 CFR 20.5 - Examination of records relating to the claim; opportunity for full explanation of the claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Examination of records relating to the claim; opportunity for full explanation of the claim. 20.5 Section 20.5 Labor...Examination of records relating to the claim; opportunity for full explanation of the claim. Following receipt of the...

2013-07-01

396

32 CFR 537.15 - Statutory authority for maritime claims and claims involving civil works of a maritime nature.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...claims involving civil works of a maritime nature. 537.15 Section 537.15 National...claims involving civil works of a maritime nature. (a) The Army Maritime Claims Settlement...claims involving civil works of a maritime nature is set out at 33 U.S.C....

2013-07-01

397

7 CFR 301.74-5 - Compensation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... (1) Owners of commercial stone fruit orchards. Owners of commercial stone fruit orchards are eligible to receive compensation...APHIS). (i) Direct marketers. Orchard owners eligible for compensation...

2010-01-01

398

7 CFR 301.74-5 - Compensation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... (1) Owners of commercial stone fruit orchards. Owners of commercial stone fruit orchards are eligible to receive compensation...APHIS). (i) Direct marketers. Orchard owners eligible for compensation...

2009-01-01

399

Are People Claiming Social Security Benefits Later?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today, the retirement income system comprising Social Security and employer-sponsored pension plans is contracting. To compensate, people need to work longer to ensure an adequate income over many years throughout retirement. A few additional years in the labor force can make a big difference. Working longer directly increases current income; it avoids the actuarial reduction in Social Security

Dan Muldoon; Richard W. Kopcke

2008-01-01

400

Temperature Compensated Piezoelectric Oxide Materials.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In order to search for new temperature compensated materials for surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices with low ultrasonic attenuation and high electromechanical coupling, the following investigations were carried out: (1) Crystal growth for lead potassium ...

G. R. Barsch K. E. Spear

1979-01-01

401

Host State Incentives and Compensation:.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

After reviewing several options for selecting a host state, the Commission elected to proceed with anoption that builds upon developing grass-roots acceptance and support. To foster such support the Commission has adopted an incentives and compensation pa...

P. Schneider

1986-01-01

402

Fundamentals of compensation and benefits.  

PubMed

The authors discuss the objectives of compensation programs--including direct and indirect forms of reward--and employee motivation. Job descriptions and job evaluations are also explored. PMID:11401793

Diorio, J A; Fallon, L F

403

Changing Conceptions of Employee Compensation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews and discusses many differing forms of incentive compensation systems that are being used in today's organizations. The review traces the roots of bonus compensation from individual piece-work plans through the adoption of organization-wide gainsharing plans to the growing recognition of open-book management. Reasons for the shift in units of analysis from the individual employee to the work

Mark R. Dixon; Linda J. Hayes; Jack Stack

2004-01-01

404

National Compensation Survey Home Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) posts this publication online, with sections downloadable as .pdf files. The release, the National Compensation Survey, is a redesign of BLS' compensation statistics to reflect the workplace of the 21st century. From the main page, users can access the full .pdf-format text of the survey results as well as a summary, and a wealth of other related sites and documents.

405

48 CFR 1604.7101 - Filing health benefit claims/court review of disputed claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT FEDERAL EMPLOYEES HEALTH BENEFITS ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL...1604.7101 Filing health benefit claims/court review of disputed... Guidelines for a Federal Employees Health Benefit (FEHB) Program...

2012-10-01

406

32 CFR 536.77 - Applicable law for claims under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...activities. (i) In determining liability, such claims will be evaluated...exclusions set forth at § 536.76. Strict or absolute liability and similar theories are not grounds for liability under this subpart. (2) Tort...

2013-07-01

407

28 CFR 801.1 - Claims filed under the Federal Tort Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...describe specific procedures to follow when filing a claim with the Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency for the District of Columbia (CSOSA) or the District of Columbia Pretrial Services Agency...

2013-07-01

408

Patent Claim Decomposition for Improved Information Extraction  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In several application domains research in natural language processing and information extraction has spawned valuable tools\\u000a that support humans in structuring, aggregating and managing large amounts of information available as text. Patent claims,\\u000a although subject to a number of rigid constraints and therefore forced into foreseeable structures, are written in a language\\u000a even good parsing algorithms tend to fail miserably

Peter Parapatics; Michael Dittenbach

409

Can claims for `wrongful life' be justified?  

PubMed Central

The authors reject arguments by Professor Joseph Fletcher (author of Situation Ethics) that in some circumstances parents may be held responsible for producing genetically defective offspring, but offer arguments of their own for the same conclusion. Their arguments could, they suggest, justify `wrongful life' claims by the genetically defective infant against the mother. While researching this paper both authors were postdoctoral fellows in medical ethics in the Program on Human Values and Ethics at the University of Tennessee Center for the Health Sciences.

Jones, Gary E; Perry, Clifton

1983-01-01

410

Pediatric asthma surveillance using Medicaid claims.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of asthma among children using alternative case definitions applied to administrative claims data, and to assess year-to-year classification concordance. METHODS: This study was a retrospective cohort analysis of 357,729 children 0-18 years using 2001-2002 Michigan Medicaid claims. Asthma cases were classified using six alternative definitions based on outpatient, emergency department, inpatient, and pharmacy claims for asthma, including the Health Plan Employer Data Information Set (HEDIS) persistent asthma criteria commonly used for assessments of asthma health care quality: at least one asthma inpatient admission or emergency department visit, four or more asthma medications events, or four asthma outpatient visits and two asthma medication events. RESULTS: Overall, asthma prevalence varied widely between alternative case definitions, ranging from 14.9% based on claims evidence of any type of asthma utilization to 3.7% when restricted to those with four or more asthma medication dispensing events. Among cases meeting HEDIS persistent asthma criteria in 2001, 55.5% met these criteria in 2002. Those with four or more asthma medication dispensing events had the best overall classification concordance between 2001 and 2002. Utilization of asthma services and prevalence estimates were highest among children younger than 5 years old, but year-to-year classification concordance was poorest among these cases (p < 0.0001), irrespective of case definition. CONCLUSIONS: While overall asthma prevalence may remain relatively stable from year to year, individuals may not be classified consistently as cases over time, regardless of case definition. Studies that identify asthma cases in one year and assess asthma outcomes in a subsequent year may introduce substantial bias as a result of case misclassification. Among the case definitions considered in this study, our findings suggest that this bias is minimized among cases classified using the four or more asthma medication dispensing events criterion.

Dombkowski, Kevin J.; Wasilevich, Elizabeth A.; Lyon-Callo, Sarah K.

2005-01-01

411

Why Modernist Claims for Autonomy Matter  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historicist critics of modernism characterize modernist claims about abstraction, impersonality, and autonomy as escapist denials of a plausible realism. This essay uses examples from the visual arts—Pissarro, Cézanne, and Malevich—to argue that modernist autonomy is not an escape from nature but a recasting of art's relation to the world. The dream of autonomy derives from artists who, rather than picturing

Charles Altieri

2009-01-01

412

UK now claims world's top discovery rate  

SciTech Connect

UK explorers are a bit more cheerful these days even though no one has discovered a giant field or anything elephant-sized. The reason is a benign tax regime and a growing confidence among industry explorers. This last has resulted in discovery of many smaller fields - particularly gas, some potentially commercial. It is claimed that the UK's discovery rate is now the highest in the world.

Not Available

1985-05-01

413

Equilibrium Valuation of Foreign Exchange Claims  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article studies the equilibrium valuation of foreign exchange contingent claims. Within a continuous-time Lucas (1982) two-country model, exchange rates, interest rates, and, in particular, factor risk prices are all endogenously and jointly determined. This guarantees the internal consistency of these price processes with a general equilibrium. In the same model, closed-form valuation formulas are presented for currency options and

Gurdip S. Bakshi; Zhiwu Chen

1997-01-01

414

Residual Claims in Cooperatives: Design Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines issues in the design of a co-operative member's contractual relationship with the other agents (including the remaining members) using organizational economics. The paper assumes that the central defining characteristic of a co-op is the residual claim specification. Agency theory identifies certain inherent problems of the co-op form, the horizon problem, common property problem, and non-transferability. Non-transferability both

R. Srinivasan; S. J. Phansalkar

2003-01-01

415

The Economic Consequences of Private Information Acquisition in a Model where Employees are Compensated with Tradable Securities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tradable securities continue to be a popular compensation vehicle, yet there is tremendous regulatory discussion on the need to prevent employees from being able to gain from trading such securities by using their private information. This paper attempts to analytically capture the SEC notion of insider trading where a manager has material non-public information prior to trading his equity claims.

Ashraf Jaffer

416

Executive Compensation in the Life Insurance Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alternative theories imply differential compensation levels between executives of mutual and stock insurance companies. Evidence from the life insurance industry indicates (1) the compensation of mutual executives is lower than that of stock executives, (2) the compensation of mutual-subsidiary executives is lower than that of stock-subsidiary executives, and (3) the compensation of mutual executives is less responsive to firm performance

David Mayers

1992-01-01

417

Reactive power compensation for wind power plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

This technical paper provides the basic guidelines for the application of reactive compensation systems to be used as part of a wind power plant. A brief history of wind plant reactive compensation system is discussed, then the fundamental needs of why reactive compensation is required. The paper will then provide some alternatives for reactive compensation, how to size the reactive

E. H. Camm; M. R. Behnke; O. Bolado; M. Bollen; M. Bradt; C. Brooks; W. Dilling; M. Edds; W. J. Hejdak; D. Houseman; S. Klein; F. Li; J. Li; P. Maibach; T. Nicolai; J. Patino; S. V. Pasupulati; N. Samaan; S. Saylors; T. Siebert; T. Smith; M. Starke; R. Walling

2009-01-01

418

44 CFR 11.11 - Administrative claim; when presented; appropriate FEMA office.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Administrative claim; when presented; appropriate...HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL CLAIMS Administrative Claims Under Federal Tort Claims Act § 11.11 Administrative claim; when presented;...

2011-10-01

419

Claims-Based Definition of Death in Japanese Claims Database: Validity and Implications  

PubMed Central

Background For the pending National Claims Database in Japan, researchers will not have access to death information in the enrollment files. We developed and evaluated a claims-based definition of death. Methodology/Principal Findings We used healthcare claims and enrollment data between January 2005 and August 2009 for 195,193 beneficiaries aged 20 to 74 in 3 private health insurance unions. We developed claims-based definitions of death using discharge or disease status and Charlson comorbidity index (CCI). We calculated sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive values (PPVs) using the enrollment data as a gold standard in the overall population and subgroups divided by demographic and other factors. We also assessed bias and precision in two example studies where an outcome was death. The definition based on the combination of discharge/disease status and CCI provided moderate sensitivity (around 60%) and high specificity (99.99%) and high PPVs (94.8%). In most subgroups, sensitivity of the preferred definition was also around 60% but varied from 28 to 91%. In an example study comparing death rates between two anticancer drug classes, the claims-based definition provided valid and precise hazard ratios (HRs). In another example study comparing two classes of anti-depressants, the HR with the claims-based definition was biased and had lower precision than that with the gold standard definition. Conclusions/Significance The claims-based definitions of death developed in this study had high specificity and PPVs while sensitivity was around 60%. The definitions will be useful in future studies when used with attention to the possible fluctuation of sensitivity in some subpopulations.

Ooba, Nobuhiro; Setoguchi, Soko; Ando, Takashi; Sato, Tsugumichi; Yamaguchi, Takuhiro; Mochizuki, Mayumi; Kubota, Kiyoshi

2013-01-01

420

Administrative "health courts" for medical injury claims: the federal constitutional issues.  

PubMed

Our article analyzes whether the federal government may constitutionally supplant a traditional system of common-law trials before state judges and juries with new federal institutions designed by statute for compensating victims of medical injuries. Specifically, this article examines the federal constitutional issues raised by various proposals to replace traditional medical malpractice litigation in state courts with a federal system of administrative "health courts." In doing so, we address the following constitutional issues: 1. Is there federal authority to preempt state law (the commerce clause and spending clause issues)? 2. May jurisdiction be created in non-article 3 tribunals, and may claims be decided without trial by jury (the separation of powers and Seventh Amendment issues)? 3. Would pilot programs that require some claims to be pursued in a federal administrative forum while other claimants are left to pursue traditional state tort law remedies be constitutional (the equal protection issue)? The article concludes that a federal compensation system through administrative health courts should be constitutional provided the statute is appropriately drafted and that appropriate factual findings are made concerning the benefits to patients and the public as well as to doctors and their insurers. PMID:18617674

Elliott, E Donald; Narayan, Sanjay A; Nasmith, Moneen S

2008-08-01

421

An analysis of successful litigation claims in childhood fatalities in England.  

PubMed

This study aimed to analyse the number, nature and costs of successful litigation claims against the National Health Service in England involving fatalities in children. A record of claims involving fatalities in children from 1 April 2004 to 31 March 2011 was obtained from the National Health Service Litigation Authority. The closed cases where compensation had been paid to the claimant were analysed. One hundred thirty out of a total of 234 closed cases (56 %) resulted in payment of compensation. The commonest causes of a fatality were delayed/failed diagnosis (58), delayed/failed treatment (19), complications related to procedures/operations (17), poor overall quality of care (7), medication errors (6), inappropriate medical advice leading to delayed presentation (6) and communication errors (5). The commonest diagnoses involved were sepsis (17), meningitis (11), cardiac defects (8), gastrointestinal illness (8), intracranial bleed (4), meningococcal septicaemia (3) and malignancy (3). The total cost of litigation was 8,143,342 with cost per case ranging from 1607 to 790,555 with a mean of 62,641. The death of a child is a tragedy. When an error has occurred, this causes further suffering to the family and to the health care professionals involved. Conclusion: This data suggest areas where training could be improved, and by learning from such errors we can diminish such occurrences in the future and improve patient safety. PMID:23011745

Sen, Gopa; Keene, Jonathan; Raine, Joseph

2012-07-21

422

Asymmetric information and executive compensation contract management  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we analyze the function of executive compensation, as well as the effect of asymmetric information on the effectiveness of compensation contract, using the theory of information asymmetry in information economics. We also put forward measures to improve the effectiveness of compensation contract. Keywordsinformation asymmetry;compensation contract; compensation-performance sensitivity Information asymmetry can be classified from two perspectives:firstly,the occurred time

Shengli Zhang

2011-01-01

423

EMITTANCE COMPENSATION FOR MAGNETIZED BEAMS  

SciTech Connect

Emittance compensation is a well established technique for minimizing the emittance of an electron beam from a RF photo-cathode gun. Longitudinal slices of a bunch have a small emittance, but due to the longitudinal charge distribution of the bunch and time dependent RF fields they are not focused in the same way, so that the direction of their phase ellipses diverges in phase space and the projected emittance is much larger. Emittance compensation reverses the divergence. At the location where the slopes of the phase ellipses coincide the beam is accelerated, so that the space charge forces are reduced. A recipe for emittance compensation is given in. For magnetized beams (where the angular momentum is non-zero) such emittance compensation is not sufficient because variations in the slice radius lead to variations in the angular speed and therefore to an increase of emittance in the rotating game. We describe a method and tools for a compensation that includes the beam magnetization.

KEWISCH,J.; CHANG, X.

2007-06-25

424

Static synchronous series compensator: A solid-state approach to the series compensation of transmission lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an active approach to series line compensation, in which a synchronous voltage source, implemented by a gate turn-off thyristor (GTO) based voltage-sourced inverter, is used to provide controllable series compensation. This compensator, called Static Synchronous Series Compensator (SSSC), can provide controllable compensating voltage over an identical capacitive and inductive range, independently of the magnitude of the line

L. Gyugyi; C. D. Schauder; K. K. Sen

1997-01-01

425

Current situation and issue of Industrial Accident Compensation insurance.  

PubMed

Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance (IACI) has a history of about 50 yr, and is the oldest social insurance system in Korea. After more than 20 times of revision improvements in benefits, its contents and claim systems have been upgraded. It became the protector of injured workers and their families, and at the same time became the system which could cope with both financial burden of employers and their responsibilities. However, there are some issues to be reformed to upgrade the IACI: 1) the problems in the approval system of occupational diseases, 2) quality improvement of workers' compensation medical care, 3) vocational rehabilitation and return to work, 4) workers' compensation premiums and out-of-pocket money of injured workers, 5) issues in application of IACI. Growth of IACI cannot be achieved by an effort of an individual. Efforts by workers, owners, and government, in addition to physicians and welfare professionals toward the same goal are required for the next level improvement of IACI. PMID:22661871

Kim, Inah; Rhie, Jeongbae; Yoon, Jo-Duk; Kim, Jinsoo; Won, Jonguk

2012-05-18

426

43 CFR 3862.8 - Patents for mining claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Patents for mining claims. 3862.8 Section 3862...INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) MINERAL PATENT APPLICATIONS Lode Mining Claim Patent Applications § 3862.8 Patents for...

2012-10-01

427

16 CFR 260.17 - Source reduction claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...volume, or toxicity. Marketers should clearly and prominently qualify source reduction claims to the extent necessary to avoid deception about the amount of the source reduction and the basis for any comparison. Example: An advertiser claims that...

2013-01-01

428

15 CFR 2.5 - Adjudication and settlement of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...the regulations (28 CFR Part 14). (d) Designees hereunder are responsible for the control over and expeditious handling of claims, bearing in mind the applicable statutory time limitations for adjudications of claims. [32 FR...

2012-01-01

429

37 CFR 41.110 - Filing claim information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

37 Patents, Trademarks, and...false Filing claim information. 41.110 Section 41.110 Patents, Trademarks, and...PRACTICE BEFORE THE PATENT TRIAL AND APPEAL BOARD...110 Filing claim information. (a) Clean...

2013-07-01

430

40 CFR 304.21 - Referral of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED...PROCEDURES FOR SMALL SUPERFUND COST RECOVERY CLAIMS Jurisdiction...with respect to the response costs at issue in the claim submitted...this part, and payment of all costs associated with the...

2011-07-01

431

41 CFR 101-39.405 - Claims against the Government.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

41 Public Contracts and Property Management... true Claims against the Government. 101-39.405 Section 101-39.405 Public Contracts and Property Management...405 Claims against the Government. (a) Whenever a...

2011-07-01

432

29 CFR 4281.18 - Outstanding claims for withdrawal liability.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...TO MULTIEMPLOYER PLANS DUTIES OF PLAN SPONSOR FOLLOWING MASS WITHDRAWAL Valuation... (a) Value of claim. The plan sponsor shall value an outstanding claim for...more series of equal payments, the plan sponsor shall value each series of payments...

2013-07-01

433

29 CFR 100.608 - Subdivision of claims or debts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Subdivision of claims or debts. 100.608 Section...Regulations Relating to Labor NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD...ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Debt Collection Procedures...claims or debts. A debt may not be subdivided to avoid the monetary ceiling...

2013-07-01

434

15 CFR 2.5 - Adjudication and settlement of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the regulations (28 CFR Part 14). (d) Designees hereunder are responsible for the control over and expeditious handling of claims, bearing in mind the applicable statutory time limitations for adjudications of claims. [32 FR...

2013-01-01

435

37 CFR 360.15 - Separate claims required.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FEES COLLECTED UNDER COMPULSORY LICENSE Satellite Claims § 360.15 Separate claims...for both cable compulsory license and satellite carrier compulsory license royalty...which purports to file for both cable and satellite carrier royalty fees will be...

2013-07-01

436

46 CFR 310.9 - Medical attention and injury claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Medical attention and injury claims. 310.9 ...Maritime Academies and Colleges § 310.9 Medical attention and injury claims. (a) Medical attention and hospitalization. The...

2012-10-01

437

20 CFR 325.4 - Claim for unemployment benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-04-01 false Claim for unemployment benefits. 325.4 Section 325...BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE ACT REGISTRATION FOR RAILROAD UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS § 325.4 Claim for...

2009-04-01

438

20 CFR 325.4 - Claim for unemployment benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2003-04-01 false Claim for unemployment benefits. 325.4 Section 325...BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE ACT REGISTRATION FOR RAILROAD UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS § 325.4 Claim for...

2003-04-01

439

20 CFR 325.4 - Claim for unemployment benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 1999-04-01 false Claim for unemployment benefits. 325.4 Section 325...BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE ACT REGISTRATION FOR RAILROAD UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS § 325.4 Claim for...

1999-04-01

440

20 CFR 325.4 - Claim for unemployment benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 false Claim for unemployment benefits. 325.4 Section 325...BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE ACT REGISTRATION FOR RAILROAD UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS § 325.4 Claim for...

2010-04-01

441

27 CFR 70.414 - Preparation and filing of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Preparation and filing of claims...Spirits, Wines, and Beer § 70.414 Preparation and filing of claims...rectified products, and beer previously withdrawn...medicines, medicinal preparations, food...

2010-04-01

442

27 CFR 70.414 - Preparation and filing of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Preparation and filing of claims...Spirits, Wines, and Beer § 70.414 Preparation and filing of claims...rectified products, and beer previously withdrawn...medicines, medicinal preparations, food...

2009-04-01

443

21 CFR 101.74 - Health claims: sodium and hypertension.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Health claims: sodium and hypertension. 101.74 Section 101.74 Food...101.74 Health claims: sodium and hypertension. (a) Relationship between sodium and hypertension (high blood pressure)....

2010-04-01

444

21 CFR 101.74 - Health claims: sodium and hypertension.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Health claims: sodium and hypertension. 101.74 Section 101.74 Food...101.74 Health claims: sodium and hypertension. (a) Relationship between sodium and hypertension (high blood pressure)....

2009-04-01

445

32 CFR 536.30 - Action upon receipt of claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...000, or $100,000 per incident. (2) For medical malpractice claims, to the appropriate MTF Commander...f) ACOs or CPOs will furnish a copy of any medical or dental malpractice claim to the MTF or dental treatment...

2013-07-01

446

28 CFR 79.72 - Review and resolution of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...is deceased; (2) The medical condition identified in the claim is a disease specified in the Act for...claim. (b) Review of medical documentation. The...Director will examine the medical documentation...

2013-07-01

447

Regulation of foods with health claims: a proposal.  

PubMed

Health claims linking foods and food components to disease are prohibited in Canada because of limitations of the Food and Drugs Act. Changes to the Act to permit such claims would require a Bill to Parliament, a lengthy and impractical solution. In this paper, an alternative approach is proposed, that is, to regulate "Foods with Health Claims" under a subsection of the Drug Regulations. Generic claims would be regulated in a similar manner to Class IV or minimum risk drugs, whereby monographs would be created for constituents for which claims are proposed. Product-specific claims would be individually evaluated. Each food bearing a claim would carry a Food Identification Number (FIN), provided by Health Canada through application. Details of procedures and conditions for the FIN process are suggested. The FIN plan would provide an expedient, balanced and accountable approach to allow health claims on food products in Canada. PMID:12353449

Stephen, Alison M; Liston, Albert J; Anthony, Sandra P; Munro, Ian C; Anderson, G Harvey

448

12 CFR 1408.23 - Right to review of claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Right to review of claim. 1408.23 Section 1408.23 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT SYSTEM INSURANCE CORPORATION COLLECTION OF CLAIMS OWED THE UNITED STATES Administrative Offset § 1408.23 Right to review of...

2012-01-01

449

How to File a Claim for Your Benefits  

MedlinePLUS

How To File A Claim For Your Benefits What the Law Does The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA) ... folder outlines the steps you may take to file a claim and what to do if you ...

450

7 CFR 220.14 - Claims against school food authorities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Claims against school food authorities. 220.14 Section 220...AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SCHOOL BREAKFAST PROGRAM § 220.14 Claims against school food authorities. (a) State...

2013-01-01

451

Temperature-compensated chemical reactions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Circadian rhythms are daily oscillations in behaviors that persist in constant light/dark conditions with periods close to 24h . A striking feature of these rhythms is that their periods remain fairly constant over a wide range of physiological temperatures, a feature called temperature compensation. Although circadian rhythms have been associated with periodic oscillations in mRNA and protein levels, the question of how to construct a network of chemical reactions that is temperature compensated remains unanswered. We discuss a general framework for building such a network.

Rajan, Kanaka; Abbott, L. F.

2007-02-01

452

Rhetorical Structure Analysis of Japanese Patent Claims using Cue Phrases  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most important part of patent specification is where the claims are written. It is common that claims written in Japanese are described in one sentence with peculiar style and are difficult to understand for ordinary people. We are inves- tigating NLPtechnologies to improve readability of patent claims. To do so, it is necessary to present the structure of patent

Akihiro SHINMORI; Makoto IWAYAMA

453

Patent Claim Processing for Readability - Structure Analysis and Term Explanation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patent corpus processing should be cen- tered around patent claim processing be- cause claims are the most important part in patent specifications. It is common that claims written in Japanese are described in one sentence with peculiar style and word- ing and are difficult to understand for ordi- nary people. The peculiarity is caused by structural complexity of the sentences

Akihiro SHINMORI; Manabu OKUMURA; Yuzo MARUKAWA; Makoto IWAYAMA

454

Matching prescription claims with medication data for nursing home residents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medication data retrieved from Australian Repatriation Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (RPBS) claims for 44 veterans residing in nursing homes and Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) claims for 898 nursing home residents were compared with medication data from nursing home records to determine the optimal time interval for retrieving claims data and its validity. Optimal matching was achieved using 12 weeks of RPBS

Michelle A. King; David M. Purdie; Michael S. Roberts

2001-01-01

455

Themes and Verbal Claims in Cigarette and Alcohol Beverage Ads  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comparative analysis of dominant themes and verbal claims appearing in 886 contemporary magazine ads for brands of cigarettes and alcohol beverages is presented in this article. Two types of comparisons were made: (1) between-product category comparisons of themes and claims in cigarette versus alcohol beverage ads and (2) within-category comparisons of the themes and claims in ads for low

Karen Whitehill King; Leonard N. Reid; Amy L. Becham

1994-01-01

456

31 CFR 535.441 - Settlement Agreement regarding small claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Award No. 483 of June 22, 1990 of the Iran-United States Claims Tribunal, approving...constitutes a determination by the Iran-United States Claims Tribunal...of claims of U.S. nationals against Iran. (b) Pursuant to the...

2013-07-01

457

FDA's public health goals in evaluating health claims  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientific developments have increased awareness of possible links between diet and health within the scientific community and in the general public and have generated interest in the use of disease?related health claims on food labels. The enactment of the Nutrition, Labeling, and Education Act for the first time authorizes such claims if they are claims approved by FDA. From FDA's

Michael R. Taylor

1995-01-01

458

Health Claims on Foods in Canada1-3  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interest in the health effects of foods by both industry and consumers has put a spotlight on the role of health claims on foods in Canada. The current regulatory framework governing the use of different health claims on foods in Canada is described and comparedwith international approaches. Similarities were observedin how risk-reduction claims for serious diseases are managed in the

Mary R. L'Abbe; Lydia Dumais; Eunice Chao; Beth Junkins

459

14 CFR 1261.310 - Investigation of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...OF MONETARY CLAIMS (GENERAL) Claims Against NASA or Its Employees for Damage to or Loss of Property or Personal Injury or Death-Accruing On or After January 18, 1967 § 1261.310 Investigation of claims. The officials designated in §...

2012-01-01

460

14 CFR 1261.312 - Action on approved claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...OF MONETARY CLAIMS (GENERAL) Claims Against NASA or Its Employees for Damage to or Loss of Property or Personal Injury or Death-Accruing On or After January 18, 1967 § 1261.312 Action on approved claims. (a) Upon settlement of a...

2012-01-01

461

Making claims: functional foods for managing appetite and weight  

Microsoft Academic Search

Functional food products promote claims such as 'freedom from hunger' and 'feel fuller for longer'. A legislative framework has been established by the European Food Safety Authority to evaluate the validity of such claims: a claim must be substantiated by scientific evidence and should be clearly understood by consumers. Since consumed foods influence appetite by means of a system of

John Blundell

2010-01-01

462

37 CFR 360.22 - Form and content of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Web site at http://www.loc.gov/crb/claims for claims...Web site at http://www.loc.gov/crb/dart/ during...or entity filing the claim. An e-mail address must be provided...digital musical recording or an analog musical...

2013-07-01

463

37 CFR 360.12 - Form and content of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Web site at http://www.loc.gov/crb/claims/ for...Web site at http://www.loc.gov/crb/satellite/ ...entity filing the single claim. An e-mail address must be provided...regarding the claim. (v) An original signature of the...

2013-07-01

464

37 CFR 360.3 - Form and content of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Web site at http://www.loc.gov/crb/claims/ for...Web site at http://www.loc.gov/crb/cable/ during...entity filing the single claim. An e-mail address must be provided...regarding the claim. (v) An original signature of the...

2013-07-01

465

Health claims for food made in Australian magazine advertisements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim: The aim was to describe the level of health claims being used in magazine advertisements, the categories of foods carrying health claims and the types of benefits being claimed for particular foods or food ingredients. Data were compared to similar studies of food labels and internet sites to reflect the impact of rule governance of the different media and

Peter WILLIAMS; Linda TAPSELL; Sandra JONES; Kellie MCCONVILLE

2007-01-01

466

Claiming Europe: Native American Literary Responses to the Old World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In Osage writer Carter Revard's short story, "Report to the Nation: Claiming Europe," the narrator claims much of England, France, Spain, Italy, and Greece for the Osage Nation. After asserting his claim, the narrator questions whether or not the French actually understood that their country therefore belonged to the Osage Nation. When he talks

Schweninger, Lee

2003-01-01

467

20 CFR 702.441 - Claims for loss of hearing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Medical Care and Supervision Hearing Loss Claims § 702.441 Claims for loss of hearing. (a) Claims for hearing loss pending on or filed after September...presumptive evidence of the amount of hearing loss on the date administered if...

2013-04-01

468

20 CFR 702.441 - Claims for loss of hearing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Medical Care and Supervision Hearing Loss Claims § 702.441 Claims for loss of hearing. (a) Claims for hearing loss pending on or filed after September...presumptive evidence of the amount of hearing loss on the date administered if...

2010-04-01

469

20 CFR 702.441 - Claims for loss of hearing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Medical Care and Supervision Hearing Loss Claims § 702.441 Claims for loss of hearing. (a) Claims for hearing loss pending on or filed after September...presumptive evidence of the amount of hearing loss on the date administered if...

2009-04-01

470

Claims for extensions of time in civil engineering projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the principles and practices in formulating and assessing claims for extensions of time due to excusable delays. Typical frequency and magnitude profiles of claims for extensions of time are derived from a surveyed sample of 67 civil engineering projects in Hong Kong, and major categories of claims for extensions of time have been identified from the

Kumaru Yogeswaran; Mohan Kumaraswamy; Douglas Miller

1998-01-01

471

77 FR 14686 - Claims for Patent and Copyright Infringement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...administrative claims of patent and copyright infringement by NASA. In...and interests in patents and copyrights through settlement of claims...settle claims of patent and copyright infringement pursuant to 22...with rights in patents and copyrights, but which will not be...

2012-03-13

472

76 FR 44504 - Claims for Patent and Copyright Infringement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...administrative claims of patent and copyright infringement by NASA. In...and interests in patents and copyrights through settlement of claims...settle claims of patent and copyright infringement pursuant to 22...with rights in patents and copyrights, but which will not be...

2011-07-26

473

Selection Bias and Auditing Policies for Insurance Claims  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Selection bias results from a discrepancy between the range of estimation of a statistical model and its range of application. This is the case for fraud risk models, which are estimated on audited claims but applied on incoming claims in the design of auditing strategies. Now audited claims are a minority within the parent sample since they are chosen

Jean Pinquet; Mercedes Ayuso; Montserrat Guilln

2007-01-01

474

40 CFR 307.21 - Nature of eligible claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Nature of eligible claims. 307.21 Section...Claims; Preauthorization § 307.21 Nature of eligible claims. (a...conditions at the site, of an unusual nature, differing materially from those...

2013-07-01

475

Dissecting Qualified Health Claims: Evidence From Experimental Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews recent consumer studies evaluating comprehension of a novel form of food labeling, qualified health claims, now permitted by FDA. The joint goals of qualified health claims are to encourage firms to make accurate, science-based claims about the health benefits of their products while helping consumers prevent disease and improve their health through sound dietary decisions using enhanced

Neal H. Hooker; Ratapol Teratanavat

2008-01-01

476

Research on Client's Claiming Management Game Model under Asymmetric Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the competition of construction contract market is getting serious, claiming has become a phenomenon between the client and contractor which always occurs and generally exists in the contract performance course. But in China the research on claiming is still weak, especially relating to the client's claiming management which needs to be complemented and improved gradually. This paper discusses the

Zhong Shan-shan; Zhang Fei-lian

2009-01-01

477

Dolphin-Assisted Therapy: Claims versus Evidence  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this paper is to review and critique studies that have been conducted on dolphin-assisted therapy for children with various disorders. Studies have been released claiming swimming with dolphins is therapeutic and beneficial for children with autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, physical disabilities, and other psychological disorders. The majority of the studies conducted supporting the effectiveness of dolphin-assisted therapy have been found to have major methodological concerns making it impossible to draw valid conclusions. Readers will be informed of the history of, theory behind, and variations of dolphin-assisted therapy along with a review and critique of studies published which purportedly support its use.

Fiksdal, Britta L.; Houlihan, Daniel; Barnes, Aaron C.

2012-01-01

478

Program challenges directional survey accuracy claims  

SciTech Connect

Directional instrument accuracy depends on where the instruments are used. Claims of absolute accuracy, made regardless of well location or geometry, are questionable. Eastman Whipstock has developed a computer program which demonstrates that: accuracy depends not only on latitude, but also on longitude and borehole orientation; tools that meet tight specs in Houston may not perform as well in the North Sea or Alaska; and that current accuracy specifications are over-simplified and thus unrealistic. The new program takes into account a number of previously unconsidered factors that can affect tool accuracy, and will help operators evaluate surveying instruments according to their particular requirements.

Stephenson, M.

1984-08-20

479

72 FR 72738 - Health Claims and Qualified Health Claims; Dietary Lipids and Cancer, Soy Protein and Coronary...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Health Claims and Qualified Health Claims; Dietary Lipids and Cancer, Soy Protein and Coronary Heart Disease, Antioxidant Vitamins and Certain Cancers, and Selenium and Certain Cancers; Reevaluation; Opportunity for Public Comment AGENCY:...

2007-12-21

480

Compensation of Navajo Uranium Miners  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site addresses policy issues of the compensation of Navajo uranium miners. The site provides an annotated index of current issues, legislation, papers and presentations, books, and links that lead to more information on uranium miners. Imbedded links throughout the text lead to related information.

Project, World I.

481

Clarification of Workmen's Compensation Insurance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document attempts to answer questions resulting from the 1972 Michigan Supreme Court Ruling relative to agricultural employees under the Workmen's Compensation Act (WCA). The sections of this paper outline a history of the WCA; employers covered; definition of "regularly employ"; clarification of "thirteen weeks"; employees (minors, partners,

Shapley, Allen E.

482

More than money. [Employee compensation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Structured wisely, compensation and benefits packages become tactical tools that can unleash the power of utilities' secret weapon - their employees. In fact, in virtually all businesses, people are becoming the raw material of competitive advantage. The reason is this simple: competitive advantage comes from understanding what the market-place wants and then delivering it. And employees are the means through

J. M. Burns; A. D. Fokonas; R. F. Meischeid

2009-01-01

483

Employee Compensation: Research and Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Excerpt] In this chapter, our goal is to define and describe the major decisions that organizations make in managing employee compensation and, based on theory, research, and practice, evaluate what the outcomes of such decisions are likely to be under different conditions. We have made several specific decisions in focusing the review.

Barry A. Gerhart; George T. Milkovich

1991-01-01

484

Compensated deconvolution from wavefront sensing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. Air Force has a continuing mission to obtain imagery of earth-orbiting objects. One of the means for obtaining this imagery is through the use of ground-based observatories. A fundamental problem associated with imaging objects through the atmosphere is that atmospheric turbulence inflicts a large, random aberration on the telescope which effectively limits the realizable resolution to that of a much smaller telescope. Several approaches have been taken to overcome these effects including pure post processing, pure adaptive optics, and hybrid techniques involving both adaptive optics and image post processing. One key result from past approaches is that partially compensated systems can be used in conjunction with image processing to overcome most of the optical effects of atmospheric turbulence while retaining nearly the performance of a fully compensated system. One hybrid approach is compensated deconvolution from wavefront sensing (CDWFS). This method uses wavefront sensor measurements in conjunction with short exposure images to improve the effective optical performance. This thesis formulates and executes a plan which allows fundamental questions regarding partially compensated adaptive optics performance to be answered. Specifically, imaging of extended objects using the CDWFS technique is investigated, through simulation. The simulation results demonstrate that the CDWFS technique can be used to reduce the required closed-loop bandwidth of an imaging system, permitting longer integration times in the wavefront sensor, and thus allowing dimmer objects to be imaged without the use of an artificial guidestar.

Thorson, Lori A.

1994-12-01

485

Can Education Compensate for Society?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The extent to which education can compensate for social disadvantage is a matter of political controversy, especially in the context of policies for social mobility. On the one hand, to blame poor achievement on social class or poverty was seen to dodge the professional responsibility of teachers. On the other, the strong correlation between

Pring, Richard

2011-01-01

486

Issues in Managerial Compensation Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Excerpt] Compensation is at the core of any employment exchange (Milkovich & Newman, 1993; Simon, 1951). It is probably the most basic reason people agree to become employees and it serves as a defining characteristic of any employment relationship (March & Simon, 1958). Recently, managers have been bombarded with a profusion of ways to pay employees. There is team-based pay,

Matthew C. Bloom; George T. Milkovich

1995-01-01

487

Managerial Compensation and Capital Structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate the interaction between financial structure and managerial compensation and show that risky debt affects both the probability of managerial replacement and the manager's wage if he is retained by the firm. Our model yields a rich set of predictions, including the following: (i) The market values of equity and debt decrease if the manager is replaced; moreover, the

Elazar Berkovitch; Ronen Israel; Yossef Spiegel

2000-01-01

488

Unidirectional motion compensated temporal interpolation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Common techniques such as frame repetition or linear interpolation for reconstructing skipped frames in temporally subsampled video sequence tend to introduce undesirable artifacts. A previously proposed technique, motion compensated temporal interpolation (MCTI) can interpolate video frames in the time domain with good image quality at the cost of high computational requirement and substantial memory requirement. In this paper, we propose

Chi-Wah Tang; Oscar C. Au

1997-01-01

489

Behavioral Confirmation and Behavioral Compensation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Individuals interacting with an unfamiliar target person behave according to prior impressions of the target. A perceiver's pre-interaction expectancy can mediate both his and the target person's behavior, resulting in behavioral confirmation or compensation. Male subjects (N=96) participated in dyadic interactions in which one subject

Ickes, William

490

Strategic Design of Teacher Compensation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Spurred by the national focus on revitalizing the teacher evaluation and support/development process, as well as the current economic downturn, many school districts are reviewing how teachers are compensated. While a few courageous districts have completely upended current structures, most districts are undertaking changes that leave the most

Shields, Regis

2012-01-01

491

Synchrony - Cyberknife Respiratory Compensation Technology  

SciTech Connect

Studies of organs in the thorax and abdomen have shown that these organs can move as much as 40 mm due to respiratory motion. Without compensation for this motion during the course of external beam radiation therapy, the dose coverage to target may be compromised. On the other hand, if compensation of this motion is by expansion of the margin around the target, a significant volume of normal tissue may be unnecessarily irradiated. In hypofractionated regimens, the issue of respiratory compensation becomes an important factor and is critical in single-fraction extracranial radiosurgery applications. CyberKnife is an image-guided radiosurgery system that consists of a 6-MV LINAC mounted to a robotic arm coupled through a control loop to a digital diagnostic x-ray imaging system. The robotic arm can point the beam anywhere in space with 6 degrees of freedom, without being constrained to a conventional isocenter. The CyberKnife has been recently upgraded with a real-time respiratory tracking and compensation system called Synchrony. Using external markers in conjunction with diagnostic x-ray images, Synchrony helps guide the robotic arm to move the radiation beam in real time such that the beam always remains aligned with the target. With the aid of Synchrony, the tumor motion can be tracked in three-dimensional space, and the motion-induced dosimetric change to target can be minimized with a limited margin. The working principles, advantages, limitations, and our clinical experience with this new technology will be discussed.

Ozhasoglu, Cihat [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)], E-mail: ozhasogluc@upmc.edu; Saw, Cheng B.; Chen Hungcheng; Burton, Steven; Komanduri, Krishna; Yue, Ning J.; Huq, Saiful M.; Heron, Dwight E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

2008-07-01

492

Mutuality, Performance and Executive Compensation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The determinants of CEO compensation within the U.K. Building Society sector are investigated. Using an unbalanced panel data set for the period 1986-90, the authors find only weak support for the existence of a positive performance and CEO remuneration. In contrast, they find age to be an important determinant of CEO pay increases. This finding reinforces the oft noted potential

Hilary Ingham; Steve Thompson

1995-01-01

493

Scientific substantiation of health claims in the EU.  

PubMed

EU legislation on nutrition and health claims made on foods (Regulation (EC) No. 1924/2006) specifies that health claims should be only authorised for use in the Community after a scientific assessment of the highest possible standard is carried out by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). This paper focuses on the scientific substantiation of health claims within the context of the EU Regulation. The evaluation of the substantiation of health claims is carried out by the EFSA Scientific Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA). The EFSA has published extensive guidance to assist applicants in the preparation of applications for authorisations of health claims. This guidance summarises the general principles applied by the NDA Panel in the evaluation of health claims, including the scientific criteria for substantiation, as well as the scientific requirements for the substantiation of specific health claims. To date, the EFSA NDA Panel has concluded that a wide range of health claims has been substantiated. These include claims for many well-established functions of nutrients, as well as beneficial effects of foods and food constituents on a range of body functions. In addition, claims have been substantiated on the role of nutrients in growth and development of children and on the effects of nutrients and food constituents on reduction of risk factors for disease. EFSA evaluations and guidance have made an important contribution to the understanding of the scientific substantiation of health claims which will help to set new directions for research and will guide future innovation. PMID:21933455

Flynn, Albert

2011-09-20

494

Consumer understanding and use of health claims for foods.  

PubMed

Health claims for foods are permitted in an increasing number of countries, but there are very few studies evaluating their effect on purchase behavior and consumer health. There are significant differences between countries but, in general, consumers see health claims as useful; they prefer short, succinct wording rather than long and complex claims; and they believe that claims should be approved by the government. Consumers view a food as healthier if it carries a health claim and this "halo" effect may discourage them from seeking further nutrition information. Consumers do not clearly distinguish between nutrient content, structure-function, and health claims. There is some evidence that the use of health claims improves the quality of dietary choices and knowledge of diet-disease relationships. PMID:16121480

Williams, Peter

2005-07-01

495

Status of Nutrition Labeling, Health Claims, and Nutrient Content Claims for Processed Foods  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Food and Drug Administration (PDA) conducts studies of food labels as part of its ongoing monitoring of the nutritional status of the US population. In 1994 PDA nutrition labeling rules were implemented and in 1997 the Food Label and Package Survey characterized various aspects of the labeling of processed, packaged foods, including nutrition labeling, health claims, and nutrient content

SUSAN J BRECHER; MARY M BENDER; VIRGINIA L WILKENING; NANCIE M McCABE; ELLEN M ANDERSON

2000-01-01

496

32 CFR 536.77 - Applicable law for claims under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Any such limitation in the law of the place of occurrence will...right of each to the company, society, cooperation, and affection...Wrongful death claims . The law of the place of the incident...of companionship, comfort, society, protection, and...

2010-07-01

497

32 CFR 536.77 - Applicable law for claims under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Any such limitation in the law of the place of occurrence will...right of each to the company, society, cooperation, and affection...Wrongful death claims . The law of the place of the incident...of companionship, comfort, society, protection, and...

2009-07-01

498

42 CFR 433.116 - FFP for operation of mechanized claims processing and information retrieval systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...operation of mechanized claims processing and information retrieval systems. ...ADMINISTRATION Mechanized Claims Processing and Information Retrieval Systems ...operation of mechanized claims processing and information retrieval...

2010-10-01

499

42 CFR 433.116 - FFP for operation of mechanized claims processing and information retrieval systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...operation of mechanized claims processing and information retrieval systems. ...ADMINISTRATION Mechanized Claims Processing and Information Retrieval Systems ...operation of mechanized claims processing and information retrieval...

2009-10-01

500

Need for a Theory of Military Compensation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The author argues that the lack of a coherent articulated theory of military compensation has been a major factor in the failure of past military compensation studies, reviews, and legislative initiatives. He urges that this intellectual void be filled as...

P. K. Ogloblin

1981-01-01